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The District Ledger Jan 27, 1912

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;5   7.;   7IndustrialVUnity is Strength.
;-Tlie,Official Organ,of "District No. 18, U.--Bt W. of A^
-, Political Unity is Victory.
$1.00 A YEAR.
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New Trial"i0ider6il--Tlie
Gase Reviewed 7
- Justice Irving, in Victoria, resulted in
.the order for a"new trial.,,-  The rea-
* "sons for this ruling, by the bench, is*as
yfollbwa:.1" ,.-...,*•" .-'- ' "'-■'. '•  - *
.The provisions.of s. 100 of the Rait-
! way, Act (!l897) ---were not,put before
7the7 learned judge in his charge.-'
/ It was admitted":that the-place in.
I which the* act took piace was a village.'
; ,It therefore became the duty "of the
judge to draw the attention of the jury
Jo the rule laid down by the legislature
7 under' the above section, arid give to
y  them a'definition of.the word ."train.",
' 7 What is a "train" is a question for the'
7 court, and,dt^m'ay.be,that   in giving1
J, that definition';the judge may trench1*,
,'.  apparently, on the" duty of the jury to^
.* deal,with .the facts.-X---7.'      -.    ,"•
'.   ., An engine .with" its tender' has' been
'. held in Hoilinger v. C.-.P. R.,'21 Ont.
,,R.,'705, affirmed 20 A.R., '250, -to be a
- train. ■'   Three * trucks', without an en-
,    gin© attached have been held to be a
train.-.    Cox v.,G. W. R.~,Co. ,(1882"),
' , 9 Q. B. D„ 106; and it seems to nie that
„ if a number of cars are connected and
' are forced backward by the concussion
„   made in coupling' that they'constitute
* a train..       . .      7 - -•  '
,*' : "It was argued that it;would he un-,"
1 7 reasonable.to expect that a man*was
* to be. stationed on the-last of'a num-
; ' |ber, of cars abdut7o". be coupled up;
k ..and that a-proper.allowance ought to
,',' be'; made In--: order that the,, irian who
had benVthe' rear .brakesman, to reach
-_', the .new,'rear, end- of-the train-^-or
• '""-""at any rate that until the newly coupl-
• , , ed/,train got, under way, that* the sec-;
„-' iiion< should   not/apply—thatit-there
'"y .7 OLD COUNTRY,"  7'.
'.Predicts Big Rush" to Canada
v J. .W.', Bennett,, writing .from. Chad-
llngton (6xon.);i England, under - date
of January 9th,- has this' tosay:
-. From present indications there will
be a* phenomenal'influx of people into
Canada this year, in fact, I have al-.
ready learned of people who have disposed of all their saleable possessions
includingtheir marriage gifts, in order
to raise the money necessary to pay
tte cost'Incident to the journey.- The
argument advanced is this," that there
is no possibility of getting out of the
hole in this country, ,„desplte, their
most/strenuous endeavors, whereas
even* though . they may have to ;cope
with difficulties*in the.new worid, the"
prospects of ultimately emerging from
grinding poverty are sufficient inducement to' "urge^them to' take the step.
' The Tariff Reformers are-at their
wits' end to advance1 arguments suffi-,
ciently forcible to clearly demonstrate
the, fallacies of Free Trade,-because
the trade returns are on the increase,
whereas-if the"1 contrary took" place
the reform pifflers would jubilate, most
uproariously and "view .with-alarm"
(sic) . the destructive1, effect of. the
Free Trade policy, but in the face of
existing conditions their stage thunder
is-sadfy'muffled. " -a •' * _■*,**/
-Even in *the -.country villages', the
germ of unrest has made its presence
known, and expressions are heard today that" 10 years'agof would have met
with disapproval,' whereas now' they
are scarcely(debated, "and in many Instances' some one of the listeners
will;accentuate the sentiments In even
more forcible language than that of the
previous 'speakers. *'. Although ■ there
are but few'Vho know the basic cause
of society's evils Hheyt are openly rebellious against the existing order and
are groping about, blindly it may' be,
but.they have-'cast'off.the apathy of
byegoiie days and*whitef-outwardly subservient, because of their, material Interests, arealive'tOjthe fact that'some-
thing.'is'wrong.'-, 77 "    , *,-'"  ',,     7
Demand lOc. a Ton Increase and a* 7-Hour
Day—Operators and Miners to Con-
fer--lmfiortdrit Resolutions
^"fs"^TIId7Tw"*^certarn space allowedTfo
7N-be" traversed,'by .the end of. the,,train,
V^'-ruriningout the slack" it was called)
- ■_. before' It-became necessary to^station'a"
'"man at 'the' end/. ,'   ^ ,7 -  7
/ :,y *None"'of these' argument's-in -my op-
', .'inion;.' should "besallowed.- to- whittle
'';.;'a'w'ay; the meaning of'the language of,
.-•- the 'statute.',,. 7' „,.';'     , :   " ' *     '
,   Then" assuming that I am wrong," and
.  , that- it Is permissible to "run out the
'.  slack", without, a man being placed at
the rear"of the train,"it should have
'.  been left to the jury was tho "train
- moving reversely','"as a,train, or was
''the accident the result of merely run-
- ning out the slack?      .". p
Thero was ono other portion of the
Judgment objected to. • Tho learned
judge told the jiiry that if the plaintiff contributed by his own negligence,
and that negligenco on his part contrl-
- muted to tho Negligence, then ho cannot recover, p. -IBS. ; Thnt^howovor,
- must bo read with the portion at p, 149,
'   where tho learned   judgo   (compare
Jones vs. Toronto and York Railway,'
'   23 Ont.-, I. R., 3RI*) pointed out that
. although \ tho plaintiff hlmsolf might
have been guilty of, negligenco, yet if
tho defondnnts could have .by taking
'ordinary care avoldod tlio mlclilof, then
tho'plnlntlff's nogllBonco would bo no
defence.    It might have been plainer
, if tho oxtrtict'I havo glvon from p, 140
* had followod Immodlately nftor thnt
taken, from p, 160;* but If thls'objoc-
tion stood nlono I would not bo In
favor of granting a now trial.'
- Vlotorlu, R. C„ Jan. 7, 1912.
B. C;JPOLL TAX WILL*    -"^„ 7
...';        .      BE"ABOLISHED SOON
'"■,,''        - -   ,'<     -  \
Attorney.' General   Bowser , Explains
:. , -,Plans of.Government,in, the -
,. ..',. ,        .Legislature,.-* '..._-,..-   .
Latest despatches,from Indianapolis
where the United Mine Workers of
America are in annual convention,
give,some Interesting details "of the
wdrk that is being" done by the 1300 def
legates.. * Much time appears to have
been lost in minor discussions as* to
the right of certain three delegates to,
take the floor of the house. '^Amongst'
the J more ... irhpotrant* resolutions
brought' forward are the following:
„ '*  *'c7-* Resolutions   .,
,A resolution'asking a 25 per cent increase ,in wage scales; that a member
of the executive, board be elected frorii
the' membership at large to'represent
negro,miners; that'a reconsideration,
of the ■ Civic Federation amendment
to the'constitution be taken; that the
miners ^ withdraw from the American
Federation, of Labor; that miners enter - into" a universal settlement of
wage' scale' or' declare" a" universal
strike'; ,a resolution asking th© indorsement of government,ownership of-all
industries , (passed); that" the adoption of the initiative, referendum and
right of recall.be accepted in the" miners' organization;'.that the Socialist
partyvbe indorsed;, that a law be passed forcing^ employers, to notify discharged''.employes" two weeks before
their dismissal"; that-the "international
president! have the,-power to appoint
delegates to attend ^allT. craft conventions; that,a miner, „who has been in
membership of the United Mine Workers waB 256,256, the books- show that
on* December" 30, the .last day of the
calendar year,- the^ membership was a
little, more than three hundred and
fourteen thousand, the largest membership in the history of the "organization:-    '"    '/ ' '*' , "•"
, ' ( **- ■
'    .  For A. F; of. L. Delegates    -
For "delegates to American Federation of Labor the'following were elect-
od: ';     -->-,; 7 ,
John Mitchell,.-'........'. 7... 107,487'   '
John :P. White'".-. .'..'... 91,306%
Frank' "J. Hayes .7.7........ 82,221
JohnH. Walter■'.\..\  74,809%
It.-^L..Lewis \:.'.-.'.;.:..'... ,7. 66,370
Duncan'McDonald '.*-.  85,192
E.'s.'McCull'ough U*....'.... 41,021 '
William ■ Green^...'..'  42,173 %
-. ' Have. Big Srike Fund '
The financial.report of the organiza-,
tion. shows the huge sums that are
used to fight the battles of labor. Secretary Treasurer Perry, in his report,
shows-that there was a balance on"
hand Dec. 1:71911,-of $197,216.70. .The
total income for the year was $2^222,-
754.06,' from, the following sources:
Tax ..::.....f.': $   769,157.72
Supplies*:''....."7.  :        ' 5,976.29
Journal7\:S..^S.    '    7,819.64
AsBesB'me'nty. 7;.. • 1,408,079.93
Miscellaneous "'..*'.       '31,720.48
" The .'expenditures for the year were
as* follows: vim,,        ,„, . •
' 'VICTORIA, B*. C; ;Jan. 23."— British
Cblumbia will, soon' abolish the .poll
tax, which last year'netted the govern-,
ment $313,338.- Attorney-General Bowser explained the report of the'taxa
tion commission, in the legislature late
yesterday, which included this Important recommendation,' as well as one
increasing "the * minimum' exemption
for the'lncome tax from ono thousand
to fifteen hundred. - According to-
rumors' in' tlie lobbies,' both will be
mado-issues In tho general election
which appears "likely this ,' summer.
Tho report of tho commission'is-extensive, amounting to six; volumes
cloBoly printed.- '- "';
OTTAWA, Jan, 16,—At the conservation commission'mooting today, Wm
Dick, englneor of tho commission, called attention to tho flagrant wnsto of
slack coal at tho mines ho visited in
the west, around Lothbridgo. Slack
coal is -wasted and composos 10 to 12
por cont ot tho output, whllo nt other
mines tho„percentage reaches 3i> por
cont, Tho govornmont will bo urged
to appoint a royal commission to investigate mlno acoldonts.
dustrlal struggles .for higher wages,
shorter hours and better -conditions. -
One feature of the convention will
be the presence of oJhn Mitchell; former, international presldeut, who has
been wired for to attend, and who already arrived in Indianapolis., He
will be asked ,fto address the convention on the stand he took for ,the National Civic Federation' at the convention of the, A. F. of L., at Atlanta,
Ga.     '       "        «■ - - *  7 ,    ■'*
.        ' -     . ■ * '' .—^
Government to Pro-
*, t '■, i L
vide Lands For Poor
OALGARY, Juno 24.--A movomont
lina boon started for tlio purpose of
mooting tho present and future nooilfl
of the submerged olomont of Alborta's
rnpldly    growing    population.     Tho
scheme proposed is to deal with all tho
phnsos of destitution, BloknoflB nnd invalidity upon a sclontlflo basis, pinking It provontntlvo as woll an creative
nnd rtlrnotod with nn eyo ito nrtmlnlu-
trato efficiency and flnnnolal oconomy.
»vi> 11.V. uluvi kuu.ilj.cj \uLly Hilt, l/ui-
dpi* -olncoil whnll-y upon lndu«iry, it Is
tho purpose bf thin Hdiomo io tnko tho
burden whollywff tho rntos and put it
upon tmturnl rosourcon, thus placing
it upon a Bolf-supportlng bails,  -
to mako an apportionment of land in
tlio undivided territory upon tho sumo
hauls as thoy hnvo already dono for
educational purpoaon,
Have Held Meeting*     <
Two meetings hnvo already boon
hold In tho offices of tho charities at
the city hall In connection with the
A prime mover In tho scheme who
baa just returned from a trip to the old
country, gives hla vtewa ai follow:
Notwlthstundlnu the fact that It li
costing the United Kingdom overthreo
hundred nnd fifty million riollare, per
annum through overlapping, it la a
enso of stuff somo and starvo others,
In London* nlono tho Ruardlnns food
2fl,000 school ohlldron, nnd the London
city .council foods 55,000 oar-h not
knowing wht the othor Is doing, Quito
frequently brothers and sisters from
tho samo housohold nro In dlfferont Institutions under different authorities,
nnd subjoot to entirely different conditions without one or th authorities
knowing of tho other's notions.
Many Vane
~tli\,n u'i'lli all llllo cA|tv,i.utlu>b, Wl<.i_a
nrnmintn to "jrvpn Mitlllnrj-t nrnl nine
ponco per head, R0.000 vngs drift aim-
lossly across tho country, and hundreds
of thousands do not know whoro tho
next moal Is coming from, whllo 10,000
ed when 65 years "old;.that the government take control of-mining industries,
that delegates tb. the'American Federation of Labor be' instructed to vote
for industrial'-unionism; -that election
of delegates to the .international miners congress beeffected.and another,Resolution that usked that John Mitchell
bo .'expelled from the convention floor
if ho begins adebate on his relations,
with tho Civic Federation.
As regards the resolution to secede
from the A. F. of L. tho committee did
not concur in this resolution and offered a substitute Svhlch said that the
cause of labor would be better advanced'by all labor organizations stariding
together,",and that nothing could be
gained, by seceding from-tlio federation. . \. It snld that th© delegates from
tho miners to tho American Federation
be instructed to work and vote for the
adoption of ..the roforoiujum system.
The substitute was adoptod.
'"  7  '    Constitution
,  The rosolutlon favoring govornmont
ownership of all Industries wan passed
practically unanimously.
Tho Constitution Committee rewrote
the old constitution, and ho report
mado by tho commltteo embodied an
entirely new constitution, It contains
all of tho Important features of ho
old constitution, and a numbor of new
features- added by tho commltteo.
Chief among tho now provisions aro
thoso providing for biennial oloctlons
and conventions; tho rocnll of" international officers; prohibiting members
of tho mlnerB' union from bolonging
to tho National Civic Fodoratlon, and
that mombors omployod In other work
than in tho mining Industry shall not
bo ollglhlo to hold offlco in tho organization or to bo n delognto to tlio International convention or to tho convon-
vetlon of tho American FodomUon of
Labor, 7       -
Soorot meetings of tho wage scalo
committee (of which Clem Stubbs,
Vleo-Prcsldont of District 18, Is n mombor) nnd tho committee on grievances
woro hold. Groat caro was tnkon to
kep tho deliberations of tho' wngo
scalo commlttoo secret, n guard,having boon fltntlonod nt tho door to tho
room whoro tho commlttoo was In hob-
„ Increase In Membership
' flofN-itnrv Tiv>n«mror P-nrrv mndo n
Btntomont to' tho minors' convontlon
which mot with loud npplnuBO, lie
snld that whllo tho nnnual report
showed that on November 30,1011, the
Salaries- arfd^expenses T7 $"
Supplies ..7.-.'." '.
Office"expenses   -..
Printing'-.. *...;.\;	
Journal,-....- .7S',.. .......
Telepbdne'-nost.'i're & exp. ,
Aid ., i'....:.  ..•.,..
Loans refunded in districts
.' . 3,997.15
-," '25,015.25
;     5,661.64
Five States "Will  Be Represented  at
Miners'. Meeting Here,
,' INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 23—Prospects
now. are that the operators of Pennsylvania, Ohio," West Virginia, Indiana,
and Illinois will attend* the joint wage
scale"conference with -the mirjers,
which was called by President John
P. White to meet at the Claypool Hotel
on January '25."' At first the. operators of Ohio and Pennsylvania refused
to attend the joint conference" on the
ground that they did not care to meet
with the "operators of Illinois. They
took the**posItion that they were not
competitors of the Illinois operators,
and jtbat there was so much difference
in,the mining,,and market conditions
between Illinois on the one.hand and
Pennsylvania "and-Ohio on the other
that they did not-wish to be bound by
a'-wage';'scale'"negotiated  for, all ,of
West Coal Co. Paid Out $21,000 on Sat-
.    xurday in Wages
TABER, Jan. 20.—Today it is claimed that the Canada West Coal Co.
have made the biggest pay In their
history,in this town. This is the first
pay for tho miners employed there for
a month, and it -is learned that the
total reaches something like $21,000.
During-tho past week the miners
have been circulating a petition to the
Alberta Government, asking them to
grant _the miners the privilege of a
fortnightly pay." ■ Up to the present
the"-miners of Taber have always enjoyed the fruits of their labor every
two weeks, but since the signing of
the new -.agreement, they have been
compelled to wait a month for their
pay. T%he merchant's of Taber feel
the difference and are just as anxious
as the miners to see the old system
in force.      >
■A meeting of tie City Council took
place on Thursday evening last"; ■ In
the absence of Mayor .Bleasdell, Aid.
Graham occupied'the chair. The oth-'
ers present were Aldermen Brown,
Dicken arid Morrison. Electric flight
occupied the attention of the meetiag,
for some time, and the question of the
capacity of the boilers also- came un
for. discussion. The Fire Chief reported that during the fire' whlc'i (.•--
curred on January 5th, tlie hose wan
cut in two places, and it was decided
to offer a, reward of $100.00 for such
information as will leid to tbe conviction of the culprit or culprits,
END   ,
Agree .T^o Shelve Whole Question .for
-   Six Months With.Option to Re-
,  new Issue Then
MANCHESTER, Jan.  22—The dis-
pute In .the. cotton/ trade, * which cui-
".Total - $2,186,331.13
■,. '. Recapitulation       '       \
Balance - on  hand  Dec.  1 .
"' -1910  .,■'.',.*.....   7 $    160,793.77
Iricbme'-.DecJ, 1910,'to Nov
,'"30,' lOil.'-inc.  2,222,7754.06
'" " ','Total ' v..'...$2,383,547.83
Expenditures, Deb. 1, 1910,
■to Nov. 30, 1911, inc. .. 2,180,331.13
1011   ,
on hand Doc.  1,
.$  197,210.70
The sum of nearly, two million shown
to- have boon expended for "aid" represents' tho amount that the United
Mine Workors have spoilt in tholr la
the five states-in a group The'v-in-
sisLbd the'y-.jwere willing-, however," to'
go into-joint... wage sea'-* conferen. e
for Pennsylvania,.Ohio, West Virginia
and- Indiana,-'leaving out, Illinois."', -
A- dispatch^frpm Pittsburg, however,
says that a meeting"-of the" Ohio;'India-;
,na and'Perinsylvania .operators It was
decided'to'attend tho joint' conference
here this month,. provided the joint
conference is restricted to eight operators' and eight miners from each state
represented. The dispatch quoted
Samuel Taylor, secretary of tho Pittsburg coal-. operators, as saying that
there 'was nothing in .the action that
would-.* exclude tho Illinois and West
Virginia operators from.tho joint con-"
ferenco if they wished to participate'
on tho terms undor which it ls hold.
This is taken to moan that tho Joint
conference will be held on scheduled
tlmo. * Tho miners,, bcuIo committee
will meet on, Sundny, and bogln tho
preparation of a Bet of demands which
the miners will mako on the operators, This probably will bo ready
when lho Joint conference opens.
minated in a lockout-affecting about
300,00 men on-December 27, has-been
settled.') i ,,'      ,
The settlement .which the .operatives
accepted'is based on the proposition
mado last Thursday by the employers
through- Sir George Jtanken ABkwlth',
of the Board ofTrade., ,'*,',,
' This was to the effect that, as the
operatives claim tlie right to refuse
to' work with non-unionists, and the
employers Insist on maintaining an impartial attitude'between the unionists
nnd' non-ulonists,- work shall begin
forthwith on tho understanding that
at tho end of'six months, during which
no lockout notices aro to bo given or
strikes declared on the non unionist
question. Askwith will, if asked, submit both parties suggestions which will
dim to provide a means whereby both
may maintain their principles without
Injuring tho rights of each other.
Tho proposition further stipulates
that If tho foregoing does >not solvo
tho question, neithor sldo will do anything involving a stoppage of work
without giving six months'n.otico.
The Latest News
•    **» > t»    *<-+4     * »*    --"tn       *•*        *»-»■*
workhpuscfl of London,1' Liverpool,
Glasgow nnd Dublin, Had wo tho
snmo population per acre our conditions hero In Canada would not be as
had, but worse Wo nood not look far
afield for object Joisona, tt hns reach-
od tho shores of this continent, and Ib
manlf««ttng itsolf In aggravated form.
The temperament of our people here
la auch ab to cauao poverty, to drift Into crime more her* than In Europe.
Mj* contention la that, aa I believe nation burdens ahotild bo nationally
borne, it la enentlally encumbent upon
(Special to the District Ledger)
'INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Jan, 25.—Tho
Joint Scalo Conforence Is oxpootod to
convono here to-morrow, not, however,
ns In proviotiB yoars, by dologntes from
nil mines, but by olght representatives
from oach stato for each side, tholr
report to bo ratified by the full convention, . Tho advance askod for In tlio
scalo lu tho commlttoe'H report nro ten
cents -por ton at Imnlng points nnd
twenty por cont (load work, yardago
and dny labor, nnd that a proper nd-
JuBtment of mnchlno differentials In
tho initios of Indiana, Ohio, nnd Wont
Ponn»ylvnnln bo mndo In addition to
this.    Domnnds aro lielng made   for
payment on mlno bnfllB, a uniform dny
wago w.nld iiiHldo and outnldo with
working dny of Bovon hours and flvo
on Snturday.    )n tho Anthraolto Holds
of PoniiHylvnnln a demnnd for an ngroo
mont'lfi being mndo together with tho
demand for genornl udvunco»,    A» yot
llioro Is no Information regarding tho
poHltlou of tho operators, nnd It Ih probably ono of tho drawbacks of tho or-
gnnlstntlon sunli iiBitho U, M. W. of A,
thnt fh«1r pvrtpnonlq mnpt    t\r>" rnni'M
publln often in their own detriment.
Tlio Constitution Commlttoo has not
O'Brien Says That He Is
>        -   "* ■ ■*■
Going to See It,
.    Through
EDMONTON, Jan. 24.—The payment"
of wages throughout'Alberta at intervals of a fortnight or less is provided
for in'a bill,' fathered by C' M O'Brien,
Socialist member for Rocky Mountain, *"'
and read a second time in the legislature yesterday afternoon. The bill ,
wll co*me up today for consideration
in committee of the whole.
In two previous sessions this measure has been Introduced, "Out it has
never come to a third reading. Donald
McNab, who sat as a labor member ;in
the first legislature brought'in a fortnightly pay bill, but Us consideration '
was postponed owing to the congestion
of legislation during* the session prior
to re-distribution. O'Brien brought
in tho fortnightly tpay bill last session
It was referred to-a committee that
never sat,' and just prior to adjournment, the Socialist member complained
with bitterness that a deliberate at-*
tempt had-been made to'prevent his
bill being brought before the house in
proper form.
JTo avoid, he,said; the possibility of
the   bill   being.' sidetracked    again,
O'Brien introduced the measure as a
public hill on the first -business day,
of'the session.     Ho declared his de- -
termination that it should. not again *
be killed -during the'" dying hours of
a session. ' In moving the second reading', yesterday * he-referred", to -the 'de--,'
Icgatloiii * for tlie payment *of ..wages
weekly and said that,he had,been,ask--
ed to amend his,bill so as,to make if
apply, to- coal miners only.   , The'jas-
sembly . said -that members were too
hostile  to  the  coal miners - interest
to,favor a measure .framed solely, for
their' benefit."' '    -     y        ' """   „
If the bill passed Into< law a vast
body of wage workers and! salaried
persons will bo affected.
" O'Brien regretted-that his bill was
i*ot quite'comprehensive, enough.    Ho
would have ben* glad to include fnrm-
ers nnd others who .secure their pay
indirectly.     "This is "not n Socialist
hill, however."' said he.     "It merely
relates to tho commodity struggle, not
tlio class struggle,, of tho workers."
iS.  *
ven Lion for at loast another day beforo
Its roport Ib finished, This can bo
readily understood whon it Is tnkon
Into consideration that it has thoroughly revised tho constltjition; . Sweeping
and radical recommendations have
boon mado, such as a two yenrn' term
for intoi'imtlonnl officers, conventions
to ho hold every two years Inslond of
annually; the rocnll ot International of-
.flcoi'Bi travelling auditors lo bo appointed, etc
Ono important matter which lino
boon dealt with nnd ndoplod Ib , that
whloh «lve» tho llglitB lo moinboi'H to
dlflciiRR pollticfl In 'tholr,locnl union'
mootlngB, this being tlio Intorprota-
tion plncod.on Artlclo Ono,
That tho man who oonduotod tho
anthracite strlko lit Htlll tho idol or tlio
mlno workers wn« clonrly proven by
tho action of tho convention on Monday wljon tho roport of tho dolognton
to tho A, V. of L. was rond. Aftor
explanation and. much oratory It wns
accepted without nny roHolirJIonH of
coiiBiiro for allogod violation of liifltrtio.
tlonH, Tho notion In nocoptltig thn
vrmflrt t*n miMi ;* »vti""''.- f-'r.",'' *!-
rnntdrtnrod too r-rmintmit |ti vl-^w nf tho
fnct thnt thoy had nlrondy nono on
TORONTO, Jnn. 22.—Unlo3B Iho
Toronto Street Hall wny Compnny
agrees to glvo Its men a nine-hour day
in twolvo consecutlvo hours, tho mo*i
will go on strlko. , Efforts to Induno
tho railway company to ocmply have
proved nbortlvo nnd oxtromo ineauuv-
oh nro to ho taken,
SALT'LAKE, Utah, Jim. 22.—Flvo
mon wero killed and 20 Injured by a'
dust'explosion In n mlno of the J<om-
merer Conl Compnny, near horo yesterday. Nlno of tho wounded aro In a-
serious condition nnd hnvo been con-'
voyod to tho hospital.
Thoro were 112 men ln tho mlno at
tho tlmo of tho explosion. All of
thcfio, with tho exception of the dond'
nnd Injured, left the mine snfoly. Last
night n thorough inspection was made
which revealed neithor gas nor flro.
(This litBl par Ib n great "cow" not a
Public Ownership of
Railway Endorsed
an yot completed its roport nnd will j record as bolng opposed to tho Civic
probftuly occupy tho tlmo of tho con.t | Federation,
An Echo of the
Bellevue Explosion
>     (Speolal to the District ledger)
rDMONTO'N, J-itt, 26.—On TuuMiHy imut, Jim, 30th, C. M.* O'lifion. Ho-
clallat mombor for Rocky Mountain, will movo for nn order of tho houao
that "All papera and correapondence relative to tho nellevue Mine Wiaitor
be lnld upon "tho tftblo."
.' fA..M  <'•,.!•<.kK>*.k   til   rVlhlH   A\   Vtniv,   Hill
nn Inspector In nitendnnco ao Hint
minors enn take it life nnd mlno roscuo
courno nf all tlm<*g, Chief InHpector
Ornlmm Ion von In a fow dny« to select
tho site.
KDMONTON, Jnn. 22—Publlo owner-
ship of rnllwnyn wnn cIIhcuhhoiI nnd endorsed without, a dlHHontlng voice nf
two meetings hold In Mechanics Hull.
Third Street., Haturdny nflornonn hint,
nnd nttendod by n moderately lingo
numbor of lOdmonton rltUons nnd people from tho fiurroumllng country. Ail-
droHflOfl on tho qucH.Hnitwnro delivered
by ii numbor of cliamploim of tlio ciiuho
Including Dr. Rlddcll, principal nt Albert n College, who Iuih studied govoru>
mont ownod railways   In   rmuitiioR
■■.'iVl-J, (*IO>    ,'liUl*   pilbnt'ij    (*!-'   «JMHiti-
mental stage,
At lioth the nfternoon nnd evening
hcmhIoiiu the reHolutlon piiBiied hy the
TI. V. A. hint week w«h Introduced
nun winurM'O.     H ihndih gcivdrnineiil
TGonOnued on page 8)"
VICTORIA, n. C, Jan, 28.—On the
advice of Hon. W. IL Rois, the itov-
emment hai decided' to octabllsb i*
thoretuhly equipped training and mine
(Special to the Dlitrlftt Lerif-nr)
I-IUNK, Altn'. !ia. iT,.~Mr. Wm
Cloujtb, n well knov/1 oM timer In the
T'.im, met Ida death nt HillcroBt yesterday afternoon <hro».-n n -.tcl-rii iui',*-
(rife over on ton if <il>n "im-ttn-r <'|f'<»
cntlon of the neck, which ediHel In-
•tnnt death, The In*e* went look plmv
on FrMny at three pni. nt rtlllerost.
pnrd.     Ho dwell utu houio length ou
lho dnimirllH of lho proHonl nye\vm ofn
corporntlDii ront ml of publlo nt lilt Ioh.
One of dm iIiIiikh t'HHHiiliil In tlit* Hue-
coHHful npernilon nf n K.overnmoiit owned rond wns n govornmont ownod hy^
tho peoplo and worl'lim In tlielr In-
lerest, nnd not In the. Interests of cor-
point Ions, li" Bald.     In HiIh connection there wnn room for Improvement
nf coiulltloiiN In thlH province,
Dr. Rlddell't Views
"Wo hnvo como together to dlHcuiis
ii r<>ry luiportnnt suhjoct,"   snld   Dr,
iihiil^U Oil  llniim lu *>|iim*v nil (I'm K*.)-
vei miient ownership quostlon. "Whnt
wo numt conplder Ih "how far it government Ik JtiHtlili-d In liifm-Rtliig Itsolf
In cntorpiincH of nny kind, Mnny
unufi \ii.n tin- |i\tri>nMi oi un- Kin**tii-
control of rnllwny hy nn Independent ment Is merely to govern, that nil thoio
commlHfllon. *
Tho various sponkerB of,lho nftor-
noon were Hire Rhcppnrd, Blrttthconn;
W. II. Ilnll, Cormnck, of tho lnw firm
of f'ormnek X- Mnekle, and otiiern.
thlngH that wo hour ho much nbout
todny In western Cnnndn, the opening
up of conl mines, tlio hftrn<!8Blng of
water power and the construction of
rnllwnvn. trtwnpli nnd telephone linen
An addniBB on public ownership writ- i should bo left to prlvnto enterprina,
ten for tho ormnhn hy\V,.l TresUlup,' IVrnonnlly, however, T believe thnt It
tho newly olectod pwuldcnt of tho V, I will eventually be tho solution of many
V, A., who wn« not ahle to be ot tho 'of the problema of this country In pub-
meeting in portion, waa read by O.
ltavlngton, of Kdmonton dlitrict This
wa« also pretent^d at * the evening
The /(ml speaker In tho Afternoon
corporation'i demerit* was nice fthep-
11c ownomhlp.''
Qovernment and Ceal
TIm» carrying the «w»v«t-nm*nt owne^
»hlp Idea, 'beyond th# mutter* ef r*»ll-
(ConllmK-4 on papte 3)
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gioii vs.
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- '  -'(By a Casual Contributor.) \ y*'
1        "Man's, relations to his environ^
'   ment should be .determined by the
, images made upon his brain centres
by real objects.   Other impressions
are" hallucinations."—Fitch.'"-";'-   -
■"   The writer's -* attention    has   been.
drawn* to an article in the Labor; Butt
letin of Lethbridge, Alta., under-date
"of January 10th, 1912, purporting to.ex-
"'p'lode the materialistic"* conception of
history, by one who upholds the spirit-
- ual idea. ,7-      - . *
,It is, perhaps, a rather pessimistic
view my opponent on this subject
adops when he says that his method of
, explodnig tliis fallacy (?) is "not with
the expectation of guiding our friend
' to a better way of looking at things."
The -writer thinks- his way of looking
at things is" the* better way,* and feels
that our friend is coming very near
admitting the strength of our position, backed up as it isrby scientific
research.   ' ->
However, our chief point of difference is as to the predominant factor.
"Whether the "bread and butter question"  or the spiritual  factor  is  the
, guiding principle behind, the conduct
of men, I hope that "our- friend will
be able to look at things in a better
way, and if he will not accept our
theory, at least have the -audacity to
investigate for himself. 7   °
Our critic claims "the spiritual side
is the all important one!' and man must
\ look for spiritual guidance, let the material be what it may.".'    As is usual
..'with" those writing on. spiritual matters ,the'question,of "faith" is the absorbing idea. "Faith cannot-be defin-
■ ed scientifically, because our senses
cannot "receive impressions from its
objects.     It is purely subjective."
When he quotes "by, faith we under;
.stand"   he  makes   an ' absurd   statement.     It is by knowledge we under-
, stand, and the' gaining of this is far
different to the easy-going method of
accepting 'things by "faith."   ■ There-
7 fore, faith signifies lack of knowledge,
and if any spiritualists disagree with
me on this point I still lay myself open
'- to refutation, and challenge them to
.'investigate scientifically what they are
. pleased to ■ call the "fallacy" "of the
materialistic conception of-human de-
- velopment.   * 7       '    , '     *
■ ■' .Naturally this writer , defends the
** position of the church,1 and attempts
*"■ to show it is. a .dominant factor, in all
. stages of history. '"He cites Scripture
and .in reply will quote' "The -theolo-
the great revolutionary movement'of
the working-class, and b^ SQ dolng
admits the right of the °^pressor to
continue this.degrading sys^eia of one
class living.from the labo,r Qf t^QS^
who produce the wealth of tllg wori^
"The Church "must be ii\ ^lQ. y '
nature of' her. profession the foster.
mother of inequality and t^e nurse Qf
pessimism. .Her layman are bufc
church-visitors, who pay ta^eg without
representation—poor stuff Joj> any &^
mocracy. ' She has no pl^ce vhAtBQ.
ever in a democracy.- Sh^ cannot ^
the people rise."
The writer submits the Agoing for
the careful consideration Oj -    work
ers, firmly believing that ^ ^^
vience of the minds of the Workw8 tQ
a reactionary element in'^ociet   lg a
serious menace ,to their s*^n       -
spectlve in-dealing with■ ^Pactlcal jg"
ues, of far more importan^ ,     .
and humanity.     To, say'th^ leagt th
Idea of an eternal rewar*^ hepeafter
for the workers, who hav^ BUbmlUed
to the hard conditions o-,       JtaHst
domination .here below, ^s lgn()b]e in
comparison with the matek|„„ ..   ,
v        ii  i. v       i.i       .sialism that
shows that here below  t^ ;vor)rers
can,' if they will, make. th^p environ.
merit more like heaven tha^ ...    „,  .„,
we see around us.
The writer, perhaps, has ,.„      ,
..... f ,, ? one advantage over his critic in that > . „ , ,
..° .    ..     . he has had
the opportunity of compar|r.„ .-,
iii.*       ■.    ,       yng the outlook on humanity from b&..   ,,        ,.
. .-.       l   ■' i- l,     L11 the, reli
gious and materialistic st^nflnf.- f
■• Religion is' pessimistic^^ are" aJ1
miserable sinners.-    Mat^^  *on
the other hand, is intensly optimi'stic
and contends we are not  a--,,, .       ,.
■ „ ^H miserable
sinners.        We  are all  >^~, i
, ,- ,,   i* i   l   4-n "-'y human
and liable to err, but still ,,„„ *
,  .,     , AV(3 are pro
gressing, and the human „„„    -
°        ,,       j   " 'race never
turns backward.« -    »
• * ■  , ..'--*7'7;v", i* <   , ,'Sy-U %
.. gical codes now in force, having been
written when all mankind was entirely j only the-ability'to labor
My contention is that th;, „     -      .
,    .     ,    . « manner of
procuring men's needs is f.     .   ,
.    l.     o   •      l-- . ^ factor
dominating their actions' a^d ..
Man, after satisfying his si -,. , '■
i ■   lu     S   r '     -;mvte needs,
turns his thoughts to me^0(js'  f
tinuing that supply, and in ,,.
. ..       7 his upward
development his needs mu|t. ,    - *   ,
1,    ,,      .       ,      .      *tiply, which
gradually, stage by stage, hag ^
ed in the introduction of *.•,„ •      ,. "
ii. l. m      l      lx.       the machine
that now threatens the se^,.    q[ hig
life.     It is the bread and \,„f,
..       ,.      ,       ,    . butter ques-
tion-the struggle for «3x,\stence_and'
whereas men once strove *„    *   *
■t       ,. . ,lor mastery
ojer nature they no*^ str^
another in a bitter strugg^ fQr ^f
tence.    'And-.why such-av"c,4.„.  ,   .     ■
p •   o    -T, 7,     '   ,state* of af
fairs?-    Because the me' „
,    ,.    *   '       ■   '       ■■    , aus of pro-
,.-   ,. -      --    , ^.^ontrdl of-^a
minority which compel th^ wh(j ^^
ignorant of what are now plainly the  only commodity, labor-po\J°'8e11 their
perceived laws of nature, cannot be,
except in part, the true guide' to "a
strong, natural civilization, '.such as
,must be the natural code of- ethics,
tlio human    race    must    eventually
*- adopt."
. In order to show plainly the attitude ,of the Church in various phases
of history,"I would draw his attention
to the fact that during the existence
of slavery in the Roman Empire, and
during the time feudalism was in force
the church ■ was acquiescent. * Th©
greatest opportunity presented tho
church to vindicate itself as an enlight-
eniug factor, was during that period In
history known as the Dark Ages. To
those .who hnvo road history but, littlo,
it cannot but be admitted she was'
more or less wanting In any initiative
toward dispelling lhov gloom of ignorance. She has always admitted the
supremacy of tho prevailing power in
all singer* of hlHtorlc development,*Today sho upholds tho system of wngo-
■slavery just as conslslcnly, and for this
reason alono I contend sho Is no friend
to tho working* class.     Sho opposes
in order ,to live.*   If the
er, to them
, . ...       -spiritual fac
tor was such a guiding tl,,,   , ,- .
comes it-that those who !J^ow
"faithyi'nMt aliowyucl^ 8° . uclJ
things to come about?    w *     ,-.
tion of the workers to th-T ff ,SUb3Ugt
fiillst class, at the i'ntrod^"*'7ca*?'"
machine in modern indu^.       f
cbmplishcd with.ii cruelly .7;\was *c7
volumes for the spiritual Ji8'-^6?8
exploiters sought.-' The 2^- ie
introduction of the factor^f °f ?*
England should open the''!f ten,,I"to
workers as to'the benofkg .,   ° •■
expect under this spiritual,.,,    y"!najr
■Do you porkers seek s&I',g^-
ance'when you go peddlt1 '" KUltl-
modlty (labor powor) of ^Umt, C01""
this tho'impulse'behind k,, ! ' „
Not on your life. ' It is J"r "cUona
of nn onvlronment, which -^ fo,vc-e- of
whether you like it or ^°.,B yo";
your services to him wL ' ° *,
moans of extracting surpl^ „ , , UlG
your labor. Your only *0 fU0 *«*
native is starvation, whLjJ*hcp alUsr"
slbly moan hoavon to yoj m*yS)0*'
hesitate at Jumping at U;,fl /^
reward, just as your spiritual theorist
does.* Why? It is" the will tovlive*
inherent in man, and explains the reason why'meii will stoop to all sorts,
of degradation in order to prolong
their miserable,existence. Think you
that ethical systems will' satisfy,, .a
starving" man, and for all you know,
you, who read this, may be starving
ere your life is finished. - You cannot
lay down, any principle, under "exist-"
ing conditions, whereby your "livelihood is assured. . Don't flatter yourself with the illusion that all the unemployed }n Europe and America are
thriftless and ne'erdowells.' I warrant,
you will find amongst their ranks
many a man who fondly dreamt that
such a,lot would never be his, and
he understood hot the materialistic
conception of development," but more
than likely was imbued with the .same
lofty spiritual ideas our critics are'
so fond of doling out, to the unfortunate. This is what the machine has
done, and surely, it is time the sentimentalists realized this-fact, but more
especially the workers whom'it affects
so vitally.       -      ''. '     ; *
It was upon' the sentimental idea
that Utopian Socialism' was founded,
and we know only too well the-fate
of the hopes, built on-such a foundation. * However, it Is" due to tlie labors
of Marx and Engels more' especially
that we owe the key of understanding
the development of the human-race.
They'show conclusively that, it was"
the economic environment that in all'
stages, of,.history determined the actions of "men. . Where men went to
seek their loaf, there went their temples, their p'riests and various institutions peculiar to their stage of development.- . The Intelligence of men working on the'existing environment can
change that environment." The development of the capitalist system imposes ah' irresistible necessity .upon
the workers to devote their, attention
to changing their environment. When
any; worker realizes this lie is .class
conscious, and his duty resolves itself
into - pointing out,-to'his more ignorant brother-the reason for things as
they exist,; and;how they as a-.class,
can and must accomplish their own
emancipation,- arid at' the same* time
the'fredom, of-all men. No''mere
sentimental idea, but a practical and
scientific^theory that -every, worker
can apply, to his every day life, and
that*, isJ why your, master would have"
-,-"w-U-Ctuto-juUi--^i.j.Gi lfc-Ulijh***-&JJiritu«;ir
linesduring your leisure. Knowledge
is power, and in order to acquire this
the workers,.must study, and surely
it is worth while*, The triumph of the
propertyless wage slave will be the
most stupendous revolution in the
history of the human race, and unlike
all other changes will bo the result
of a. class-conscious intelligence unknown to any previous epoch in historic development. . Does this not appeal to the working-class far more than
any speculative .theory, of a future reward based,on thd-.'resuH of a life of
subservience'to a 'domineering and exploiting class pilose spirituality is
questionable? , 'When you realize tho
Kill * significance, of ;the materialistic
concepl ion, life will menu move to "you
than an endleBB drudgery for the profit
mongers, aiid your ideals will not,ho
narrowed by the dollar mark. '
In conclusion twill quota from Scripture: • "WhalBoovor.things' aro lovely,'*
"Whatsoever things, are' good report;-
think on those things," nnd we leave
our cr.lties to point out whether thoso
things "nro lovely and of good report."
Tho workors can Judge for themselves nnd thereby develop tholr intelligence.
;- The';- City7'of.-Chicago has)' an*,' idle
army': 150,000. 7-7'.-'-   '--,      .-■;'-.•'"'-;
The* Nottingham, England, .building
trades, after 'a/strike of several weeks.
have" obtained an advance and "returned
to;work.,.,, •*.* i ..---        ,-    *--.>-'7-
; 7V/v „*-. 7'-'.**  * '* n '  vy!',- ,**
■, Seventy-three' thousand tons' of coal
have been purchased ."for. the Atlantic
"battle'ship fleet for its winter drills'
for- two^months. -.,   7 7  -7    ,
• -~-l   ^   '",*'*   *      *-'■'■"   '■   '.'    '
The Labor party's bill nationalizing
the banking system of Australia has
passed the Commonwealth Senate by
seventeen to seven. ," -   , ,-
. *• '7 , -,. *".» •   •'   ." y
„The Hull trimmers,and tippers of
coal gained several points in their dispute, having"accepted a new-tariff,of
pay and are at work.'.        '      ',,'  '
-   • ,,.»„_*.'♦,      *    -o .
II. B. Perham.'of St. Louis, has been
re-elected president' of'the railroad department of the American Federation
of,; Labor' for the fifth' time.  - '■  7   •
' •   *   »       '■        i   *
*- - *       '      '•    . , * .     *     i
If the producer and consumer were
the same.man,-the distance.between
them would sure, be reduced to the
minimum,-and there' is no reason why
they shouldn't he. '     ', '  7""
....  *■ . •,        *-'* ■*' '     '. 7   •
-Three thousand,employes   of tho
Tokio, Japan, t street   railway   system
struck- on January. 1st for an-increased
wage to meet the increased cost of
living.-,.   ■    7 ,*>..     ,-'    y
,'.-"'      *■ ■■-.' *' *   *      ■-'
' ""Socialism,is making enormous strides*^ .this country,"-was the statement
made by Lord''Helmsley,*in London at"
,a meeting'of the Children's-Non-So-^
cialist "League. 7' ',   v      7        .   'v'
Trades'unionists in France are mak-'
ing their power felt, and stirring the
workers to-great ."effort in the securing
of higher-wages, shorter work days and
better conditions of lahor.
Of the-12,000 dock laborers^ in!' St.
Petersburg, Russia, who have been on
strike'for more'pay, the majority returned to work under a settlement that
will greatly increase wages.     '.-''
,-..$.** "     •   ,
• The'usual hours-of .work in Japan*
are 12 per'day.$\Male workers of 14
get' from'16;to'*'257cehts a day; those
under 14 •'froni-°6 ,to 10 cents a' day.
Females over 14-are paid from 10 to 14
cents a day. yy .    ■  -    ,/
Receipts 77
•--'-. .. (
To' Provincial Government:"
7 Grant •'■.■.•,•'•
.   City of Fernie*!7.'."""..-7..."
'   Sale of 'trees y.."-.\;'.'■'.
1 7 ,12:35
'.'Provincial   grant-("West'
,jyy ",y
'   Fernie School grounds)'.**
y "60*0-. 00
'■ City of Fernie .(amount'
. .-'over expended) -...7.'.
:y *22.4i
i                    . - ,.-*. -,.
», > j*
'■   .'  Expenditure*
"v--- "    - • 7,y -^ '- -',*:-'. •''
By.Scno-:l repairs,.i1'...7
" Coal and'.wood'. 7.*.'...
Teachers • salaries,;
, Secretary.'salary .*,
- ■'. Janitors' salaries .,...'.''..
', Incidental expenses1'..,..'
!Rent. of buildings y....'.[
.   Teaching - supplies."."..'...
- Draying' expenses ''..,. .*.
7lnsurance ...y..7.......
, 'Cleaning Material,'.-,.,. 7
- School Material '.'-...,.7..-
Publication of statement
Sidewalk expense .......
Water and light .7     165. «6
West Fernie School gr'nde ,.-' 600.<H
School equipment'; '. 1191' 18
,:•.,.$ 12^.14
:.-, "*,894.»i.
.7, 13806.S2
.'7 i„'150.'90
■'.... 1742.46*
..'  221.42
.*. ' "-."29*. 51
'..' 165.M
.7; 133. SS
7'" "211.27
=' ',  , V        -    . *   Fernie Annex' School' .'...:. $,60.15 ,',,.".
•   . . ■   7 „ -. Central-School Grounds,.'. .7   482. "40      • v;       , ,;
'"   7   ' ,,,,' y   ' ;.;■■  ", / .'    '   ;,-  -"''"•   '" "    $542.55    '""   *"  ' ,7 7
••  7 ".        (This expenditure was paid,by debenture funds.)    >      ' _    -
" *   Certified,correct—;' ■ ,- \,' S. W:.BARCLAY,, .7 7 7
■'.,,--  ' R. W. McDONAiby     •" • *"*•    J City Treasurer.
Jahuary^th, 1912.. ''     J^     " ' A. C.'UPHARDT.Chalrmaa ■ ,7
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits, of:
-.♦♦♦■<(► ♦.♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦
■"*   . •"-      - ° ▼
▼ 1
delivered,  'to:,-. ail*'
■,,   '   "'   >    '' - y.;. ,
-parts of the town"yM
L. E-, McDonald
Providing Lands
For the Poo
(Continued from piiko 1)
tho stato to provide out or a common
fund for uortnin oIuhhoh and coikIIiIoiih
of Hocloly, m it Is for tho Htnto to already provide for corliiln rlriHHOH mid
t'ondltlons of socloty; tliftt Is lo sny,
tlio stnto has ulrendy uudortnkni to
look iifli'r crlmliiiilH (iii'tiuil) llu* poor
ItiKiiiin mid tho cni''' nmi education of
iivwrlglbl'* child llfo, why not provide for iho hi'iilih of tho poor child,
or pun-ill, anil <diii'iillon of same, tlio
fcvlil'-iiiltidvd, tin- unciuploj-fl and
Why Wnn It Done?
Why tlir> Htnto Hlinuld  hnvo grown
lutii tin- linhli ol' iillov.lng u fuw i-linr-
Itnlile t«'"Plo In Ionic nMi-i'   nnd iiiri-ii-
ll'tlion tor otht-rwlHi>) tho woakoHt link
III   U.V   I lltlill   <H    til.    Miltl-   .-.   FXIIIU'tlllllin
i..L.x :'.. ■.'. I . ..*, " ^:...'..•.:, .'(,: 1 a !
ly licllcv-i that Indl-i rlinlii.tN- ijivln-.*
mny ho hul th<* MtilHldlzlrnr of nimla-
hi nnd vicious habits of llfo, hoHldon
voluntary work  Ih  irf>ri"pon*Hll)lo nnd
i^v^.A   ^ \m..\l ...... J . I..    ....*   ..*.'. 1,4       ..,.^l.»
that 10 por cont of the criminals nre
mentally il-*f«'ctlvo nnd 10 per cont of
Iho fooblo-mlnded hnvo criminal ten;
8ave tha Child
"ft finndy l» rhr-nppr fo snvo tho
child thnn io ptiululi tlio criminal,"
Th*' public I1M1ID1 fnpnrt from jirlvnto
foiiHldfinilion) should bo lho ideal lnw
of a united medlcnl service. Cases
ruufi bo searched out in order that
li-*atmunt nmy be applied in tho In-
ft-jit'-nt stage before dcatltuilon of the
pntl^nt nnd family seta In.    The work
bo provoiiliitlvo its woll
TlHuioodsofthopiulonl Jlnl'1  T
first  coiiHtdovatlon.     H* W,,w|  w
linn hu tho (DHt or ollRlli ™     ,,0f,,!,■
.iu.1. „»     ti i.»,,,y 'or public
/IhhIhIiiiico?     Tliom hIioi
•lid bo a |'||*Ht
'"npondiiig don-
lln« of dofonco (iKiiliist. I),
lltutlon or incipient Indli-' „,„„
MrtmlnlHirntlon of roller H7™'m"H,,°
dueled upon tlio mughly
'hniild bo con-
HkflliMl .llnx-ilon. linvliiR^ ",,nUl,rt nn,1'
iiilnl-.tn.ihe   efficiency      .^ tn »«l;
economy. ft"11. [imwM
nRiiltiHt poverty
wIbIi to wiiro linplh,,,,,
nnd U      ' ° w,l,'r'll<)
I bo -vroiohfl.li.oHR nnd Ui\mnt^ '""1
tlon which nlwnyH follow
I'tiomploynirnt  mill's,
hnd hnliliH, but which a
mini dci-rndii-
■* In Un cuinp,
"oi only    by
lifKI      II 11 I II I Oi      trill        11   ll|l   l|      1J(.^.
Kiilnr loiituro,  vnryln-* ..,,,,    '        ,
With    HOIIHnWtt
solution. Probloms nffectlng the lives
of llio pooplo, and tho solullon'of those
questions, Involves flnoncos. A social
soi'o doos not heal with neglect, and
nnd foHtor, until finally tho loss which
tlio evils nrlHiiiK thorbfrom will grow
the country suslnlnB will be infinitely
Rrontor than nnylhliiR it would hnvo
to lunir in pnyinp; tho cosl of an onrllor
i-emody. In the old countries'! In the
Unllod Slntofl'und rhpldly InrrnnHliiK
In Cnnndn, thoro nfo mlllloiis of our
follow-holiiKB HiifforliiR, Is It fnlr, is
It JiihI, Ih It. human, Is it. honornhlo or
wile lo subject mioh a multitude nf our
fnllow-mon nnd women lo oontlniio.l
oiidni-ftiu'o of thoHo mlHuiioH whon wo
In Cnnndn hnvo nntiirnl r->pnurros
which, H-'lontll'Icnlly nppll<-d, would pro-
vo Hponidlc, Inlcrmltiont uncorinln and
Induco n rciiK'.ly I hut by our prosont
iiilH.llroclod niipllcittlou Ih simply ng-
No Revenue There
III Iiu* old lnnd llu'iv Ih no revenue
whnlos'iT from tlio lnnd nnd nnlurnl
ri'HourccH, which unfonujintcly nro In
thn hiiiids of 11 fow prlvnlo nwnorx,' but
Wages* for'-unskilled labor in Mexico
which t ten-' year's * ago were about 25
cents a day and haye(sj'nce slowly risen
a^ few cents' have now been raised to
50 and"60 cents, -^.his applies particularly ,to mining and railroad workmen: ■* ■ * -•; -
-.    , * ,     - -    , . 1 j   •
1  *   ♦ .♦   -
-The Chlo law making it a criminal
offence for an employer or his agent
to dismiss an' employe for refusal to
resign from a labor organization was
recently upheld in 1, decision of Judge
Prank Gorman, of J W. Common Pleas
Court in Cincinnati 7" '- •* *   '
'■i' "';.  '    *•;',* '*,'", ,
Every year"there''aro in England
three important ,labor ■ conventions,
Theso aro the annual British trade
union convention, tho annual meeting
of the general federation of trade unions and 'the nnnunj'-conventlon of the
labor party. Thejiast named Is be-
ingjiold in 13Irmi|*gham 'at present
tlmo.     '- w      ••-',,
♦ •'*i." • '. ;   :
„ Domornlizntlon exists among tho
Unllod Mlno Workers In some sections
of District 18, Thoso r|on who have
not yot Btnrtod to work should bo patient, and with tholr follow-miners
work for, tho succokB' of the organization nnd eqtinl opportunities for all engaged ln tho c"onl buslness.'-Industrlnl
■'*■  '1   •
Hundreds of newsboys In Liverpool
wont on strike douuuutlng nn Incctt.'*
of 2,ccnt.i on ench doi.en of haU,i(jiin/
pnjiers thoy soil, Tlioy hnvo bo.n'ro-
c<«ivlnB 4 contu on o3"h dozen nnd arc
dotormlnod tn ho Jn line with tho othoi
workers who hnvo secured IncrenBos
' -7. ^/ '  '■*  -■*$'*,
■1 i
Express and Delivery Wagons, a
'     ,- Speciality     '
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
.Beer ■':."■;.■.'1:
-, and"-":
" - v     , ,: .***.. ^   - - \
, Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Low Round
'     ""*  - 1'
trip Rates*
•*    '     ' .   i   * *
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritime Provinces
rTickcts i&ued in connection with' Atlantic
Steamships will bo on snlo from Nov. 10th
to Dec* 31st inclusivo nnd limited to llvo
' months from date of issue. "
Finest raiuipmont, Stunfliii-cl Ftwt Olasa'and
Tourist Sleeping CnrB.   Uining Cars
1     "t    „.-~on an through trains       ,
Compai-tiiiont, Libraryj Observation Car on
■»," '.        "Imperial Limited"      > -,,.- ', '
-'   Dec. 1st to 31 st inclusive1!
-Return limit 3 month's
Apply nearest C7P.lt. agent for particulars
or write R-G.-McNElT^IEr .'   ..-
y     *'     ,Dist, Passenger Agept, Calgary
Electric Restorer for Merf\
Phn«nhnnol restorescVr.ryiierve in the body 7
rnw»pnunui(n Ug proper tension { restore* ,
,vsm and vitality., Premature decay nnd all sexual
•weakness averted at once. lMionphoMnl will
m.ike you a new man. Price M a box. 01 twi-'fot
IH, Mailed to'any address. Tho Scoboll Unif
Co., St. CtttUarlnCB, Out, * ,       „...„,.
For Sale' at  Bleasdell'*. Drug  Store.
*♦*♦*■*•¥ ♦"* 4>>
.,■.,!■(„ 7v'u-|i ri lMl^'^'ttio'1"11' KI',niP» (>f I !>"""■ I'Ui'dtin lind nuoH or uixob nro upon
wnrkorB  i.r.T«rl«ii«. lnfcl!°U °il.,,!'J l!h° lT?T" m,A ,,,™,.,,?.H 0t ,n,,u*
, ii     .        . «'liUona,  IjihIi'
Ioiih, cllnmtn nn.l bciiho^
Currentm nnd \^6.
It Ih n« ImiHiHHlliki to *..,„„ , .
I  1"     ■   .    1      hi   i,,-,hl1 "-i -t'ljnlli-
.rlum In triulo whUl,  lllf0
hw Hi cuneiii. nnd tl.l^ Ht0|.mg     ■
r.ila», nmi n. «hn Rcnm-,,   „„■, fmt_,
,.,0 element.. .0 mu.t ^,,^2
woRnlxo nm   prov do >mmt ,In
..loywiem. whicb brliiiw wm, „ cnflr#
mmudhlm..    Canwt ^
np- vrcmn nro brwiWI^    Amh
(ho brondwlnner, unemw ,   (]m
m,<r tocn- of Indu. Hm nnd
■ooaWed«nnnd.orlo lwnMel|latI
or dopre»«lon« of trnd*^
Th*. -.oclal problem, n^ lm^ns ftr
try wlilili liunt|»n- nnd kill Uiofo pio-
co.*i&ci(, and ninKo Uiohu 'n-odin*:*- hctn-
tior nmi ilouror.
Thoro tuvj IHO (ownyltlim yot mull-
viik'd lnOou' tho _Clnh /inrnllt-1 which
would ylolil n bnuls of 0110 Hocllon
por towriHhlp 2.0.10,00ft ncro». Tho bo«<
llnp; npnrt of r^rlnln of tlio publlo do-
nuiln (nu prcc-lHcly tho hihik- nn school
lnnd.) lo m«>t tho Inovltnblo domnnd.
of 0, growltiR populitilon, 'would, to my
mind, bo n nirol-o of progroanlvc IorIb-
lutlon and i-ta'euiiuui„h!-. uC hiu-.Ii bit-It
ordor that would plat« (ho province In
a position (0 Rlvo It* citizens b Rrontor
prof(*otIon nnd rnro upon ft •toU-siip*
portlnjf bn.lB thnn nny oihor country
in the iror]d, and thai 2. good tidrer*-
Hiirlii-,' llio Ilrltlnb Columbia Trovlii-
clnl Kodoriitlon ot Lnbor t'o'nvonllon
to bo bold In Vlctorlu, wbloli oponort
Monday, tho 22nd, It willI adjourn In n
body to tbo oxci'iillvo coimoll cbnmhor
of tlio provJnclnl Rovcrnm-fitt to pre-
mont domnmlfl' for U'rIbIiUIoh nlong
Kims fonniilnlod by tho dologntCHr.oro-
sriil. It In not nlwnyH thnt n roiii-Pii-
tlon or n lnbor body Ih bold In the city
whoro 11 nnfloii'R or provlnco'M Inwn
nre mndo or iinmndc, but It I. ntlll
1 1       1      1 1 1 1 ■
'     ' * '    l'».l'l(*i (iJirtk. *,**!, ^J^tgflJt   lUlllt^
enmo-' to :*, \r\\w tinrtv 1o roTirrtir* nt
tbo F.ninf tlmo nnd In tho nnmo plnco,
nnd to bo nblo to pronr-nt bot-frcBh nftor Itn ndoptlon, tho nwdB of tho toll-
Inff mnRsoH.
OS\KA, .Inpnn, Jnn, 20.—A koiIoi of
flrr-H which biolto out nt ono o'clock
thlH morning ftwept unchockod nrroi.
tho Roiifhorn holf of the elt.y, fnnnorl
by n Btronn wind. Tho conflagrintlon
wnn not unJcr control uutll late In
tlr- nlit moon when, rtcc-irdintt to official flgurca, li568 building:* hnd bo*n
doRtroyod nnd no.OOD porflonn rondor-fld
TiurUig tiio fimt four hours the flam-
M -
Spend   Your Money  with   Tfaese
General Merchants
• ■ ■       1
TrlteB-Wood Co.
Philip Carosella
Wober'B-Store, Ltd.
Butchers     •       "'■'.'■
"41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Fernio Dairy
Where to put up
Wnldorf Hotel    ' "      "
King Edward Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,
Kino's Hotel    "
Coleman Hotel, Colrman
Royal Hotel, Nelson
PasBburg Hotel, Paieburg.
-        *
Heat Mstate, \,
C. E, Lyons
M. A. Kastner
Joe Grafton
Union Land Co., Ltd., Natal, Q. C.
McCutch'eon Bros.
Your Bank Acct,
Bank of Commerce,
Bank of Hamilton
Home Bank
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co. ,-  -   ,      v
Billiards and Pool
W. Inuram, Club Clgnr 8tore
Fernie Cigar 8tore.
Wines & Liquors
Pollook Wine Co.
P, Carotella,
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
Over" the C. P.-R.    '
Blacksmith   .
L.  E,' MoDoiuld.
J. D. Quail
TritiB Wood
Sewing Machines
"    Wm. Barton
When ymt're dry
Mutz Extra
■    *i
■"■""■"*•■ »-iim..i ■ 11 * f.wmmimimaitm niwmnn —,
Livery & Cartage
George Burton
, Dr. Barbtr
"EckitDln' A MoTaggsrt   ' '
Law* 4 FlBhsr',
W. 8. Paarion, 8t«noora|lhy,
♦ ''
^^♦•♦•♦•♦•♦^♦•♦♦♦•♦•♦•♦•♦•♦*-* *-♦ + ♦ + + + * + ■
!\ rcs
7*^l||pgf ^ -i^V-Wi^* 7
77*7y^y'i;';7,7 yyvy.
.,-,. ,,(- \ -.-
.1 i-r.i.
fj--, ■* ..
.-«.*■•<•■■ /.-.',
-\c-.-..-M.--i ;r
-,- j- i.-
•■ i  ■'-    s
* '   . ■*-.■ '
1'-,'!i1-, >7
-> .'■■-"■•■.-: l^y'.V: '"'
"t->,>f*'     3K   *."
THK DISraiqT^LBpOBB, FERNnS,' B. 0., JANUAEY 27,1912
L1 '
Pi'* '
i ''
' A'general" strike'of the,'coai-miners
;,-.will mean-the,most serious Industrial
disturbance that, the United 7 Kingdom
7i*has "oxperlenoed*'since trie-dispute, in
;.'* the-'-'engineering. trade* nearly "a qu'ar-
' ter of a century ago.   7The total num-
V be'r of>Kmen-employed in-and'about .the"
*' coal, mines'exceeds- l.OOO'OOO:-''•'The
:. '.total'output-of thymines'amounts to
'about 785,000 tons a day".**1;,it''is "calculatedI^that" there   1*3** about - three
' peeks', supply of coal in stock;    '  '  '
'.f 7. The miners are in a better condition
- now to engaged in','a- finish' fight than
■ they ever were before.- 7 Tliejjr "organization is one of the strongest labor
. bodies" in the country both financially
and numerically.    The reserve fund of
o the federation at the present' time is
believed to"'amount to $10,000,000 "or
more. " What the miners are capable
.of when they get their- backs' to the
' - ^wallvvaa shown'in" 1893, when 250,000
of them laid, down-their, picks and
"shovels and*-.remained ,In idleness for
.17 weeks rather, than submit to a 25
- .' per cent reduction' in their wages al-
"*' though they"had nothing, like,the ac-
/ cumulated funds-they have now.*,
Operators Raise1 Price of .Coal
"■  Coal dealers4n England are reaping
a rich harvest; as a consequence of the
*, 'ballot of the coal miners which unofficial reports state to be' in favor of, a
strike for a fixed "minimum wage.' The
*" "dispute affects about 900,000 men,-The
' result is that the- price -of; coal at
the mine, has, been. raised" 50' cents'
- ' a-.ton for  the best household-coaL-
whlle' retail dealers have increased the
"   price- by' from-"75 to 84 Cents'a ~, ton.
Tlie government is greatly"', ".alarmed
■over'tbo prospects.of Uie coal miners'
strike on March .1., 'The officials''are,
- preparing to exhaust all possibilities of
.mediation;   "but*;,the   prospects' are
v  gloomy; as the operators, declare they
.will not "submit, to the' employees' de:
•'f.mands' for a minimum wage.''     ■'
,  ""■   -  Big Businesses Uneasy
•> - "A feeling of uneasiness prevades big
-* business,-not,only because'of tbe min-
*,ers\trouble, but" because ofthe'gen-
■■ eral unsettled, conditions of labor and
•industry in the-country. -*■ Among the
' :■ branches -of, union .labor involved in
other' serious  embroilments  are' the
"'ship builders,;hoisery,.workers, wool
7 Jt combers" and cotton, workers, 7   '-   -
7 Features of .'Situation "Which Confront
" ^'" 77" the/UnitedTKrngdom,    -   77~
\The great*'strike,of the miners of
:'■   the United Kingdom occurred in 1892
- ■ and continued four months.' '.During'
that period it was the'coldest of-years
* iii England"'and much'suffering result-*
*" ed'    Coal reached the price of 60'sbil-
, .lings per ,ton,'rising from'30 shillings'
• „ in-a day.    There Is usually less.'tlian
two woks' supply of'coal on the market
, throughout the United Kingdom. *
/•■There,,are about twenty7principal
coal, fields in Great Britain and several
smaller"ones. •. The largest- andjinost
important1 is -, that v" of South' i,Wales,
whichextends from Pontjrpool in7Mon-]
mouthsUr<*r-on'the east/ to'.Kidmeily
in Pembrokeshire,.on t^e'-west, a JeV
gth'of 50. miles," and has an average
breadth of 18 mile's, ,-The. total area
is* about 1,000 square miles; Other important fields are the Forest of Dean,
South Staffordshire,"" Leicestershire,
Derbyshire and Yorkshire,: Northumberland and , Durham, 7 Lancashire,
Cumberland, Ayrshire, -Stirlingshire
and" Midlothian. The coal areas in
Lancashire and Northumberland and
the,York-Derbyshire "fields are little
less in area than that of Soiith Wiales.
The- total available coal in Britain
Is estimated at'146,454,240,387.tons,- the
annual output is about'230,000,000 tons.
Besides" the* miners .engaged in
working, in the coal' fields a, large
section'of the population.. ls engaged
in handling the' product' both by sea
arid land.,- .--Britain exports* more coal
than .all of tlie rest of the .world combined arid an immense'amount of.capital is sunk in shipping devoted entirely
to.the coal-,trad«*C * \ - V ,,'*
, •The-towns.and cltles'most directly
connected with - the coal mining .'arid
trade in .Britain are, Swansea, Cardiff,
Pembroke; Bristol, Shrewsbury, Sheffield," Leeds, Manchester, Wrexham,
Maryport, Whitehaven, Stirling,-Glas-'
gow, .Ayr, Ambie, Blythe, Shields and
Newcastle.'. ">',
" " "Lloyd's Weekly" on Situation ,'
'.* Great Britain is faced" by- tlie, threat
of a national coal strike in March,
which will throw out of work not Only
a'million colliery..worker,-- but millions
of other people and bring our industrial and commercial life to a standstill.
A special-correspondent, of'"Lloyd's
News" .who has, during the' week been"
iiiaking7careful .inquiries, among, the
miners themselves,'finds that" they' are
practically unanimous in, favor of a a
national-strike. *«,The* ballotjis to bs
taken "on-Wednesday,'^ Thursday and
Friday next, and on-Jan. 18. a national
conference.of miners'-will.be held!in
■Birmingham,' wheiuthe'result will,-rbo
declared.', -The notices.are to be, given
on different dates "so "that all may, terminate on March'1, „' This* Is-.the latest
date at' which any coal-mine 'will 'be
"working. --, " ■   y * y-. "   ,  .*' ~   7~'
But there is the gravest danger that
the country will not-.be allowed even
this short breathing space beforo it is
called; upon to see all its industries
paralyzed, arid millions of its people
Idle, and -faced with starvation. 'it
as is everywhere anticipated, the,majority ii*i ■ overwhelming in favor of-a
strike, it Is qulto possible that'the hot
heads among tho leaders'may'bring
about a stampedq*, and,that the. miners
will.oease work almost at 0^9*3,^7',:^
; "It is believed -that.one^mbnth; will
exhaust' bur existing stock^jof/; coal'.
Within,that time every^facSry^ratl:
^ay;'--gasworks,' electric \ lighting-!"ah.d
power plant,'and steamship will'-be
brought to a standstill, and few homes
ycertainly • none * among-7 the ^"pbor-^
would have fuel for*warmth and cbok-
- j..        - - -   ■ ,   ,^ , *-,... - .- -*
ing. : .        ■*.. .,   '-Iv'i yy ;:*■.'-■>
- Civil war is not the least amorig'the*
probable'' perils. - Every, * ton of' coal
would, haye'to be moved,under armed
escort, for the transport' workers'-would
make, coinmon cause with the* miners
arid refuse"to handle coal;while the
strike was ori, • Woiild the.whole"Brlt-
ish^army be-strong enough", to maintain order under such circumstances?
Then, there is the question of the
Navy. "'How would ""it be coaled?
What would be the position of <the
national safety? ' No warships; can
move'without coal, arid are we quite
sure that tbe outlook in Europe ls so
pacific that we 'could afford* to have'
our fleet laid up for want of fuel? ,
, - In the manufacturing centres the situation is looked upon as so serious
that several firms have substituted electrical plant for .steam engiries, and
are getting current from the corpora-'
tlons under'.the. ideas that these big,
buyers will be'better able to collect
large reserve stocks of coal in case of
emergency than individual firms. •' -;
.Others wanting,little power are-mak-
Ing greater use than hitherto of petrol
motors.   v*i   -  \   ""  " • 7   ' '
: All over the north, there,is a good
di".L. oft quiet laying up of stocks cof
'.'i'i-1 in ordor to/im*et the threa'teried
co'ii.'rigency.-*,;'- ,.',. ' , '7 * ',
Mn the-.course, of an article in the
Soutli Wales Weekly, -Mr.vWr.-;Abraham M. P. (Miibon), writes that' the
fight for the jninlmum* wage will mean
that all lbss-'of*'life and. property suffered in, this country during' the" past
will be a fleatiite'.to what'will occur
in the biggest struggle between capital
and'-labor, that this "country has ever-
experienced.. ' ".    i 7   ,. ;    '     -,
A coal strike-will be one great, opportunity'for American'coal owners to
export large quantities, of-coal. We
in all probability inay witness large imports of American coal being discharged in Great''Britain. *'"*
Another View„
' lsrRMlNGHAM,' En^-ind, Jan. 22.--
Tlic conference "of _theldel6'3ate.- of.the
Miners' Federation hais decided to give
notice,forthwithVpft 'he national, stop-
nape of work,,at" the .coal- mines in
Great Britain:* *, The end of February,
however iF"the~first~date 'at-wnTch~riot"-
lecs.cari become effective. The notice
is" accompanied, by an intimation that
tho' men are-ready to. continue negotiations for* a settlement. The - conference has adjourned until Feb. 1.
As both sides, appear to be heartily
desirous-of'finding.a way out of tbe
deadlock, thero is ■ a general feeling
that a national strike 'which would affect about 900,000 men will be averted.
.WHAT THE-MifiERS OF   .       ,'"'  7
\The Confererifce'bf the Miners' Fed*-
eration of Great Britain, held'.ln'.Lori-
don on.December'.""20th and'21st,"'considered the.Veports of, the various districts as to their negotiations with .the
owners on "the matter, and the following resolutions'were* passed:— 7 ' ■'"'
7(1) That aballbt-be taken.
' (2) TbaWhe ballot vote be taken
on January' 10th, ilth", and 12th-next.
,. "(3 " That''no'half-members (boys)
be allowed ,to *voi». -,'.'.
(4), That the result of the ballot in
each district' be sent> to Mr. Ashton
not later than January 16th. -
(5) That-in case the-ballot vote
results in a'two-thirds majority in favor of a national stoppage, notices to
be given in everey district so as to
terminate by the end of February, 1912.
(6) ', That the districts send to Mr.
Ashton' a tabulated statement of .what
St' desires to be its minimum wage,
and that the Executive Committee of
the Federation meet to consider this
statement and report to a National
Conference to be held-at Birmingham
on January 18th, 1912.
7(7) Form of ballot paper shall be:
','Are you, in-'favbf of giving notice to
establish, the "principle of "a minimum'
for "every, man and boy working underground in the"mines of Great Britain"?
• "-(,8), That during, the' negotiations
special machinery be got up,in each
district fcuv-'dealing with exceptional
cases;, such; as "bid and Infirm workmen.  ;' '' 77    ■ -   . • i    '■
"   Huntley and Palmer Affected     -
There' is*stil considerable unrest
.with respect-tb the dismissal of,workpeople at Christmas by Messrs. Hunt
ley aiidTalmers' biscuit firm at Reading, an'd'the representatives of the discharged,' people and members ".of different trade unions are doing their utmost, with a, yiew- to having those
dismissed' reinstated in the firms.
It is now stated on the authority-of
Mr. Ben Russell, the local representative, of* the General Laborers' Union,
that, unless' Messrs. Huntley and Pal-"
mers consent to receive a deputation
with a view'to'reinstating the workers,
that-_ step's-'Vill- be taken at once to
"organize a -national arid international
boycott agins't' the' firm. The. Labor
arid Socialist" newspapers of Germany
including 80 daily,.organs and innuiher-
able weekly and. other magazines, are
to be use'd,"1:it"is''stated, for this purpose, and-the'-daily newspapers in
France, Belgium,and every other country in the wprld'are to be communi
cated , with.
"Now, Tommy," viid his mother, 'T
want you'to be'*gobd ,wlnle Tin out""
"I'll- be good'for a penny," replied
Tommy.   "7'",,77* ',''"'-        "   '*,
"Tommy,"7 said she, "I want you to
remember that you cannot.be a son
of mine unless you are good, for nothing."-   ,'"
* "77 (Coatinued from.page 1)
ways; he declared that the government
bf Alberta ^should acquire some of the
vast coal-areas .of this* province that
are rapidly falling Into the hands of
private individuals and when the coal
companies refuse-to place coal on the
market at a reasonable price, the government should step-in. and compete
with them until they decided to lower
their prices. ' This would act as a
check on the, private companies, aud
was a* plan "that had been, tried with'
success in other countries. '
Not an Experiment
"Government ownership'of railways
is not an experiment," he continued.
"It has been tried for years in other
countries ,and is working out successfully. In many cases it has been
found that the railway servico has
been ,wonderfully improved and rates
cheapened, when private owned rail-
ways(have been taken over by the
.Turning his attention to the demerits of the ' corporation ownership
system as exemplified'by the slate of
affairs in England, he pointed out that
in that country alone, there are 3,000
directors of railways whose salaries
amounts to £500,000. He said that
in England the public is forced to pay
the cost of a'duplication of lines and
officials in the name of railway competition-while as a* matter of fact'the
rates bn all railways are fixed at.a
meeting *of directors held every little"
while in London."   ^ l
A case -was known, he declared,
where one railway company had been
paid by another* £74,000 to keep.out ot
one, town.'
•'.Shamefully Underpaid
Making further remarks about English railway system, he pointed out
that the employes of roads are shamefully-'.'underpaid: They get. barely'*
eriough .to exist and "at the same time
'transportation' rate's arc so high that
it is-impossible,for many who could
improve their conditions by coming to
Canada to secure" sufficient money to
pay .their, fare here. • Tbe companies
were not content with underpaying
their men,, he. said," they insisted on
giving* thein holidays during the year
and'deducting their wages for the time
they-aire idle.'    '-, - -      >      7
17717 * '■  ■fAnotherlAttack
given the C.7P7R. alone, which at a
conseryative valuation of $10 per acre
meant-. $600,000,000/ . This meant a
tax*on-every person in. the Doininion
today of $138 per head. , He expressed the belief; that it.was time that
the-people were .stepping in and. curtailing "the., growth of corporation
power. ■ '
Resolution Passed
After addresses, the following resolutions were passed last week by the
United Farmers'of Alberta regarding
public ownership of railways was introduced to the meeting:   '
Resolved that this meeting Is la
favor of government ownership and
operation of railways as opposed to
corporations or private ownership assisted by a guarantee of bonds and
that a government owned system under
the control of an independent system
ls preferable..
Tlie resolution carried unanimously
and will be placed at an early date be-.,
fore the provincial government as an
expression of opinion''of the meeting.
-Public Ownership League
.Steps were then-taken to organize
a public ownership league for the purpose of carrying on a public ownership campaign throughout the province.    -    -:-*';,    "
An opportunity" was given those °prc-
sent'to become members of-theieague
by paying a' small membership fee,
after "which, a provisional committee
whose members had taken upon themselves the responsibility, of making arrangements for the mass - meetings,
was authorized to draft a constitution
and-bring it before a meeting of the.
members at an early date. -.
'    X
WV R. Ball..', of Strathcona, was tlie
next;speaker.-'7He dldnot believe that
ariy private Individual, 'or set of individuals should.'have .the power possessed, by the -railway', corporations of ■
the present day-to fix the price of the
no'cessltles of life. • Two hundredarid
twenty-eight ^million dollars of Canadian-public money had'been, given
in business, to railway corporations,
Sixty irilllipn acres of land had been
"Great as are the losses attending
the mining of coal, approximately 250,-
000,000 tons in.fla single year,'.the
waste in the, furnaces of .the country
is still greater,■ formless than 10 per
cent of the coal's heat units are converted into mechanical'-work in the
factories. Or the larger fact that of
the 300,000,000",tons*of coal probably
used in the power plants of the country, including locomotives, 270,000,000,
or 90 per cent, of the whole are lost In
±ll£-4_Oii1.-*"_A*»o'l _+ nnncifniimn'-tnii'i _/tf_/MtA«nit.
and not more than 10 per cent of-tbe
heat units, or the equivalent of only
30,000,000 Ions'of this coal, are transformed into the, mechanical work of
the natlom.- ■■•>
WHEN     .
.   IS USED.
We're very fond of winter
'   ln theory, don't you know.
We say it Is so healthy   •
To .wrestle with the snow.
It's such a splendid Ionic .   '
The wind that's cola as Ice,
But still we always dodge it,
"If we have got the price.
.To hear us tell the neignbr.rs-
iJow, greatly we_admire
/\ f ••-. 'old, lashioned winter   ..
A listener might iinjir**-3
if wo would eat a tic.wt
To some fair summer climate
, That called'for transport free
Or pack our trunk and flee.
hen August winds are scorching
.And grass Is dry and sear
The claim to dole on winter ",
May then be quite sincere. '.
'But'when -we view the picture *,.
^t   prifilpr    rlngor_rJiTirro
SMM's Cure
The feeling's are subjected     - .   '*-'■*
-To something of a "change.
■    ■     77    -. 7     '
• •* -
It's just a superstition, , (i
Some people may declare,
They like the cold, but would they    ,
Hold up tholr hands and swear?. '
.If they had wings for flying,   ',
With leisure, too, were blessed,"
Where would thoy spend the winter?
That's quite tho proper test.
f' * i it «•,•,"
{•••••     ♦•»*:
V'- :»"...
-  v . ■ * * 1?
.   lm***l   '.'»/
IT* ''Jm   Hk i «'*
• ■v
At All
Special Low Prices on
Most Healthful of All Fruit
Next Monday morning "Good-Health Week" begins. The most
wholesome fruit in the world—"Sunkist" Oranges—will be sold at
special prices in all grocery and fruit stores. A trainload has just
arrived from California and will be disposed of by special sales.
Economical housewives will buy this lus-    California,   Each orange ia perfect, large, sound,
  *       juicy and of wondrous flavor.    Try them during
•'Good-Health" Week at the special prices, to find
out the difference between perfect, tree-ripened
"Sunkist" Oranges and the ordinary kind.
Insist on Valuable "Sunkist"
Every genuine "Sunkist" comes in a tissue
wrapper plainly marked. Your dealer will supply
you if you make yourself plain that you want only
GENUINE "Sunkist," the finest oranges in the
world—"the ones with the valuable wrappers."
W   cious golden fruit like they do apples—by the
\tUh     Arwpn   ht\]LUnv nr hnv.     "RnnUst" firflnorpfl
dozen, half-box or box. "Sunkist" Oranges
are much cheaper than good table apples.
Good health for the entire familyl A
delicious and economical treat prescribed by
Buy "Sunkist" in Quantities
at Flossing Prices
"Sunkist" keep well and they will sell at such
reasonable prices next week that you can buy them by
the box pr naif-box at special prices. The wrappers
from this most henlthlul ot a)) trim, along with a tew
stamps to pay charges, packing, etc., will provide
you with several pieces of luxurious silverware,
Amazing Quality of "Sunkist"
Tree Ripened, Picked With Gloves
Seedless, Sweet, Juicy Navels
These are the choicest orangjei grown —the
prize crop of 5,000 of the finest orange groves in
Choose From These Fourteen
Silver Premiums
Get This Orange Spoon
Extra juicy, thin-skinned and
of the same high quality as "Sunkist" Oranges. They go farther
than other lemons. The wrappers
are valuable—the same as the
orange wrappers. Recipe Booklet
Free upon request.
«* *»   •      iff
TrUMur* lUgitttn*
At right is shown
new "SunkiHt" Orange
Spoon, nctual size.
Genuine Rogers and of
the latest style. Sent
you on receipt of 12
"Sunkist" wrappers
and 12c to help pny
charges, packing, etc.
For, each additional
spoon send 12 "Sunkist-' wrappers and 12c.
Rend carefully direc*
tions at right.
Send tor full description, number of wrappers
and amount of cash nee*
essnry to secure each
Mf*   L     I   •     (tl
Table Knife  Table Fork
Dessert Spoon
rt*i.i*r. tr,.:r„
Bouillon Spoon
Coffee Spoon
Salad Fork
Oyster Fork
Child's Fork
Fruit Knife    Teaspoon
Butter Spreader
This Fruit
Knife Yours
Made of special
tempered steel heav"
ily silver-plated,same
high quality as the
other - Sunkist-' Premiums. Sent on receipt of 24 "Sunki8tM
wrappers ond 20c.
For each additional
fruit knife send 24
"Sunkist" wrappers
and 20c.
Read This
On nil ron-l'truices up
to 20 cents plenso send
en-*)*; on nmouut* nbovo
20 cento we prefer postal
noto, monoy order, ei-
press order or bank draft.
Make money order or
draft pnyal-lo to tbo
California Fruit Growen*
Exchange*, ond addrcai
your letter* to the California Fruit Grower*'
Uxchango. 105 King St.
**.'»(, io<i-cr it'iuri'i £(-.
Ttirr.ntrt. Onl
You can Femro these
premiums with "Sun-
kl»t" oriu)K<> wrapper*.
"SunkUt" lemon wrappers. "Red Hal!" ornnjfe
wiiijifitri. d« Ktu iuu
lemon wrapper*. Or
merely send trademark I
cut from wrapper*. If you
will buy only "SunkUt"
and "Red Ball" ornnRe*
and leraoni you will get
fruit ot th* fltitit «ft*laj
Quality, economically
priced, «n«t yrtii will »o<»n
have enough wrappers to
»*curt a complete ut of
the beautiful -lab!* lUm*
.j ,
Calif ornia Fruit Growers' Exchange, cofne^c^rerktreet Toronto. Ont. p^'*yy?;-
3 *> ■
*H- '
, '     *     i* "* , •-    „   -    « "      iV ""    ** < ""
«   Published every Saturday morning al its' office
--•Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B.C:   Subscription $1.00'
per year iii advance.  "An/excellent advertising
medium:   Largest circulation in the District.>Ad-
'  rertising rates oil application., "Up-to-date facilities'
-for the execution of all'kinds of book,"job and
color-work.   Mail orders receive special,attention.
Address all"communications,to The District Ledger.
H.P;.NERWICH, Editor"!   .
^Telephone No, 48. Post Office Box No. 380
INETEEX Hundred aud Twelve has opened up
with-dissension and strife amongst, nations
and between tlio-wage* slave and slave driver, in
other words, between" capital nnd labor Nobody
with any iusicht at all could but admit that the
, world is beginning to seethe. It is only necessary
to'look at the daily papers to see evidence of worldwide unrests/Turkey and Italy,are still at one another's throat; China's 400,000,000 people are in a
state of anarchy; Ulster and Belfast are preparing
to cause bloodshed if need's be iii opposition to Home
Rule in Ireland; the Balkans are ripe for rebellion
-against Turkish domination'; one million miners in
the United Kingdom ready to throw those countries
into a slate of coal famine; a similar predicament in
the United States by 400,000 coal miners going out
* on strike in defence of their rights to" earn a living
wage; Germany under a Socialist regime, and
France calling Italy to time for the seizure of a ship
are but a few of the troubles that face us today.
Each one of these things would of itself cause' a
thrill to pass through the guardians of civilization,
because they all portend war and strife, followed by
unforeseen consequences.    Of tbe two enumerated,
the strides of Socialism and the labor struggle iri
Great Britain are the most significant.   The former
" showing- as it does the trend of feeling and education among the masses, augurs' well for Socialism
in other civilized parts of the world, and the latter
. *' by the vastness of1-its possible results forces the
•question of the rights of the workingmen to at least
* exist, to the forefront. It is by such means ris
making,the 'classes feel the discomfort and inconveniences of withholding a necessity such as coal,
" realize that the world is dependent upon the workingman—the producer. In fact, everything else
will pale.-into insignificance, before the paralysis
- "which threatens the coal industry of Great Britain.
Tt   ns_is_--vithin_t.bp._rfl-ntyp_r>f_rirnb-*ihiHiv _t.hp._ffl in a-.
any country*but,'of course,"there;""arc'ialways;excep-'
tions." /On the whole, however,^ is, the'intelligent
class of the wage earners .who' become, discon ten ted"
-with working"at"what pr'on\is'es:,no, chance of dvehtr'
ual independence.* 7 Distant' lands..-always;- look
promising, and though they. mayjbe able to improve
alittleupontheir lot iri'their-native-land, still after
a few years they-cannot help butVee that to work'
does not mean-independence in their Sew sphere any
more than it. did at home.-  ' Capital creates in every-
""-7,-' "* » **   Jt *     * v       "f      ' /* t-
land more*;or less the same'conditions to the work-
ers, with1"variations due,to-local'.conditions.?- The
development of capitalism "necessitates the degradation of the worker/and calls into being- the" indus-
trial'reserve army, the force .which'keeps,the workers obedient, and hampers.them in their attempts to
improve* their ..conditions. / The' machines'created
by the -workers increases every year the' number of
that reserve army by throwing, the once skilled into
the ranks of the unskilled and the''worker-is'continually undermining the. security .of .his own livelihood by his inventive genius. Yet there are in
the ranks of-the workers many who cannot realize
the significance.
In -Englaud up to the year 1815 laws-were.in'force
to prevent the emigration of men- engaged^ in the
making of machinery, and heavy penalties were imposed for violation of these laws.' In March, 1963,'
there appeared in the columns of" the Times, of
London, England, a letter fronvthe spokesman of
the Cotton Operators of Lancashire appealing to
the government'to prevent the emigration of .the
human machine to other lands, claiming, same to
be a menace to capital.-: "Wftth the skilled man goes1
the accumulation of skill of generations,'but as the
machine more and more displaces the skilled man
the concern of the capitalist is.transferred fronvthe
human machine to the> concrete- result of, the industry of the exploited laborer. The fact, however,"
is* that even-in'the year 1863 the manufacturers
could not help, but show that' the laborer -was his
property just as much as the inanimate-machine.
The great difference now is that the workers themselves are seeing this, and in an effort to - escape
from grinding poverty they emigrate. '
From our point' of "view the emigration of men
from the older countries and their immigration into
newer spheres is the greatest educational factor towards the enlightenment .of the workers of the
world. This makes the working-class revolutionary movement truly, international, and explains the
fact that British Columbia is the leading province in
Canada to-day where a great number of the workers
realize .the class' struggle in all its significance.
They, have come from all corners of the world, only
to find the same system in1 effect, and although
conditions are by no means quite so bad as in those
countries, which have been-more or less thoroughly
i"! .">*
Gloved Hands Pick
"Siinkist'- Orait£e$
' i N>J**-.V;
' w*j
workers of the'United States'conduct a strike of
*„ their own at the same time—the agreements, as it-
happens, expiring in both countries at the"- same
time—a speedy* concession to the miner's just de-.
man'ds may be looked forward to.
'   In Germany .trouble likewise looms ahead.   With'
the victory the Socialists have gained the monarchy
can by no means be considered- safe. , The auto-
,   cratic Kaiser will not meekly accede to Socialistic
legislation, if matters will at all go 'so far.     It is.
quite likely that William will refuse to cail parliament'together, call for a new election, and at the
same iiuie disfranchise all tho Socialist voters. -The
matter of .constitution will not weigh'with liiin in
* such.circumstances.    Constitutions are only useful
as a,means of keeping the workingman under dog.
Tho Kaiser is a law unto himself.    The five million
Germans,who voted the Socialist ticket will not,
,K however, submit without a strong bid in dofenco of
v theirUhuman rights.    Five million men cannot be
so easily downtrodden nowadays. Tho workingman
is now'rcalizing his strength and is determined to
uso it for tho betterment of his own condition.
, A -question was put in the B.'C House by Porker
Williams as to what was .the cost of the Prime
Minister and Attorney-General's'trip to the Coronation, and the answer was that these gentlemen cost I;
the province .*)*14,500. Mr. Williams might have
followed up this questibn with* "What has the
.country benefited by the expenditure of this sum?"
Echo, answers "What?" '(Order 1 order!)
plies the' growings-insecurity of men's livelihood.
It is simply ridiculous for the workers to think
that, they will be allowed to save themselves by
property holdings, and whilst some may rise from
the mire,-the working class divorced from property
iis essential to the rapid development of capitalism.
If you do not realize this fact you have not yet
fully grasped what the capitalist system has in,store
- you and your class in Canada. The growing
tide of immigration will enlighten you.
*>This delightful fruit', which comes in the
valuable'premiuirl'-'bnriging wrappers,
is all picked, .when ripe, with gloves!   i
*-.-.-- Each orange,is perfect. Otherwise it would   \
be* rejected and soldas a,''second"—not as a
first-quality '.^unkist*.""" k '    '   ,
. ^'-''SunKist'--. qre" the, prize oranges of best
groves in ("""alifornia. ,   •; >v      *-. a,      -   '   .
Seedless, Sound and Solid &&***
' Deliciously juicy—no seeds—firm and perfect. Sweet as only
(ree-ripen'ea oranges can be. Yet they-cost no more than
oranges of less quality.    .' '   -        ,.,''.. yy
. Insist on Valuable "Sunkist'VWrappers 7
You* are sure of getting the genuine when you insist on the-
valuable wrappermarkedSunkist"whic"h covers every orango.
Thousands of enterprising housewives now* furnish their
dining tables with"SunkUt"silverware—realRogera"—by merely -
saving the wrappers and sending .to us with stamps or money
order to partly pay cost, packing, etc.   ,    ' '    "        y
"Sunkist" Lemons of Same High Quality
Thin-skinned, extra' juicy and eacli comes in a valuable -'Sunkist"
wrapper. They go farther ttiaD other lemons and cost no more than
'the ordinary., Recipe booklet tree upon request.   *     .-;    ..,".,
Get This Splendid Rogers'Orange Spoon
Save 12 "Sunkist" cranes or»lemoa wrappers, or trademarks cut from wrappers,
v*r.<,: and send them to us, with 12c „ . ' - •, to help pay charges, packing, etc.', and we
! **** **\ wi" send you ,!lis Kenl2'ne Rogers' silver orange spoon. In remitting-, please send cash
'4*^ti'\. when the anmur.i it less than 20c.; on amounts above 20c, we prefer postal note, money
. .*jSl>i'    order, express order or bank draft. -      fr «   -    -    . -,- . . ',-_       '•«
%»■» . 14 "Sunkist" Premiums     y *J
■5f.»a,«   i "\     Send for full description, number of wrappers and amount
.*. \. of cash necessary to secure each article.   <      '*,
Table Knife,     ,    Child's Knife Salad Fork OranfeSi
Table Fork .Bouillon Spoon' . Oyster Fork     v   Fruit Knife
aM'W.a    ~   -
■ .,7 '      ? ^irtir-'^^S'"- ■"•'ll'itT i--*        ^'i       -\
Butter Spreader,
\»^*A     -- ~  ,-~
y . .•■      V-v^a-Jj, Dessert Spoon •   Coffee Spooa
"N'S^-fc    ' :■ ' '  Tablespoon
■ 7.       !**^k. C^»f ornia Fruit drawers' Exchange AtgF
•    *&*£■&** '"10SKln4St.1Eaat. Corner ChnrehSL   n+<&M^ '    ■
 -   -     7*7<iM^4?k       7 TORONTO. ONT.        - . ^W^   * "'    "
Child's Fork Teaspoon   .ft'fej
,-^V"'   '
- ,-**• ..-•w> .-     i   ,;-:*''*'■■,•-
Get a Wa/ter Motor Washer
and Be /Happy    7
]:Cly j;i7QUAlL7 ;Jr^
German Socialists' Triumph
BERLIN, Jan. 24.—Confident of suc^
cess, the Socialists aro" out in full*
force at' the .polls today in a determined, effort to capture a majority, of
the 33 districts ./where re-balloting is
necessary as a result of none of the
contestants, for membership in, the
Reichstag receiving a plurality "at the
general election Jan. 12. "■
Tlie early .-vote indicated . that, the
Socialists ..would,.make good their
boast to sweep .Germany with "a" "red
flood'-"' of. yolesi and.it seems certain
that their membership in the Reichstag will exceed' 110, insuring them
The Centrists, who "had 105 representa
tives in"1 the last Reichstag,' held their
own in.;,the balloting Jan.. 12, but Jhey
failed to gain any new mmebers. ■;
- Thb 'great victory of-the Socialists
in- the gerenal election was won at
the;expense of the Progressives and
other parties.*   "       .' -   ,', .
.-""".BERLIN;* Jan. 23.—The Socialists-
triumphed in the elections. * They, will
have ,110* sea'ts after tomorrow's re-
balloting, the strongest of.any party.
The. coalition will have 186. . Officialdom- is. greatly depressed and only a
big war-can save-the monarchy,' it is
believed;-"..This the Kaiser threatened
ttie present result."
TT is ostininted'tlmt there nre now 250,000 peoplo
■*■ leaving tho shores oi! Spain annually for tho
western hemisphere, particularly to South America.
Tn some ciihoh wholo villnKcs aro leaving for tho now
world. This has aroused tho government to examine into lho onuses for this loss of population,
nnd thoy havo alrondy reeiMvod suggestions to divert this tide or eniigralion.
Tn lliis district arc a grout nuniher of men and
women who have torn up their old homo tic's in
their'nntivc land, That rt great mnny of them do
not net willy real too tho forco hehind thoir move-
wonts is only loo apparent, nnd yot what propor-
tion of theso can sny they voluntarily sold nil they
hnd to follow tho enll of tho capitalist.. Hul behind your notions wlint ovor sentiment you like;
wlii'llier iidveiiliuv, initiative, patriotism or ml her
iiiipi'rinlism, the fnot reninins Hint Ilie wnge-worker
ii entirely dnpcndenl upon the development of «npi-
t:d. lit* in in llio- position of Mnry'n Inmh, and
now wherever the capitalist goes the laborer is
hound to follow. This is one of tho greatest contrasts iu tlio history of human development—I hat
tlie lidmrer is enslaved by his own product, aud the
r.....   <   .....  |/...<fi4> <•. <t(«   ui   (iiimi   (lit*  mult'  Jllh'Mhl'
1 i..tt.,. *. llu. .lw,-„!i„-j;.„4 ut iii-> i)tutJutt III tltu ii.Utu
nf tlit)hC who livi; upuii hih ('.xpluitiitioii. Hut it is
this iiiteiihiiy of lht< oppri-smon of the cni-itnlists
that nrouses clnss antngonism, ami when the labor-
..... ,       i    ,i,. it » 11   •    i        •> ,.
hoginning of the end of the enpitnlist re gimp is
within night. Tl*is is one of the elements of revolution, and it is these very antagonisms that compel
(he workers to think nnd act in a revolutionary
The I'omniittcp of investicntion appointed by thn
govcnuiu'ut of Spain 1>»* whtrtdy *I»'.*iiU--l Unit tlk«-
inltivntion of the vast territories in the interior of
that country should he the menm of div*rtin(f tlii*
,, title of I'mitxratiirti. They lay partieular emphasis
<*n Wwwt wilhin the ttrnniry "the wiiihitirnjii"
worhcni. It ia gtutviilly wmcuilctl thut it u itii»i--«
or him the ambitions laborers who cmi>m!*- from
That a general election in this province is on the
tapis is becoming more evident daily. Ministers
aro busying thomsolvcs and mombors nro beginning
to throw pnp to thoir constituencies. Evon tho
Hon. W. R. Ross has hdthought himself that ho
ropresonts somo spot in B. 0.,,and, if reports arc
true, has advised tho govornmont to establish a
mino rescue station in Fernio, Elections aro certainly conducive to tho brightening of one's intellect, honco tho Hon. Bill's fnthorly consideration of tho people in this part of tho world.
Our cstoomod contemporary, tho Fornio Froo
1-rpRR, mnhpR an appeal for a public library in this
city, and with which wo nro in hearty accord. Wo,
however, bcliovo the city is capable of accomplishing this object itsolf without outside help, and least
of,all the assistance of Andrew. Cnrnegio. Wc
want no tainted money horo. Money that has
been gotlpn by the blood and «wont of our fellow-
workers will not bo appreciated in n city lileo
Fernio whoro tho majority of the citizens havo felt,
and aro perhaps fooling todny, tho hands of thoir
oppressors. Fornio will have nothing tn do with
tho 1'rinee of exploiters—Andrew Carnegie.
Tho Tlnlinn government says it hns all the monoy
it wants for tho war,with Turkey as thero nro a
hundred million dollars'in tho treasury as surpluses
f1ll1«HHV   111/-,   ■rtn'-*'-   lt.«AV-o   w.Artvr,           Tl^l..   *«   \i r.l   IsaIIa^.
'    •  «    "        ..........       ,»,... J   ...r      l ,
nr iik.vi- fur"mintr 1hn*j other i-nnJilrjf'-, „')■■■] Jm
it* full fchurtj of paupers. The hundred million
dollars would go a long way towards assisting the
needy and relieving tho poverty among Hie winrlters.
tlllt  flip  Ttil'i'ln   fint\?tn1u-t rilliv"*'   f»(ti'r>viimn«f   •uvni'M
not think of "squandering" the money obtained
nnd extracted from theso very same workers on the
betterment of their condition. Tt rather uses it
to kill a few of tho working class off in Africa. Tlio
Italian losses in tho wnr with Turkey now amount to
r-,000 men. But whnt of thnt! Five thousand
hpfuTfl of enfth, or even dog*, have some wealth, human life, when it is (hat of tho worker—none.
* A- young * Scotchman? bashful, but
desperately in love finding no notice
was taken of his,visitsto the house of
his-Bweetheart, summtned up sufficient- courage to1 address the \ fair one
thus:-.. '7'      ,       ,      .
"Jean, I"Vas hei;e on Monday nicht."
"Yes, you, were that,' replied she, '
V "Arid. I was here oh Tuesday nicht."
!'Sq you were."     '.
"And- I  was  here bn  Wednesday
nicht,""continued the ardent youth.
. "Aye,, and you were-hero on Thursday nicht;.- and a—-" '
"And I was here last nicht."
"Weel,"  she said,, "what  if you
"And I'm here tho. nicht again." .
"And what about,,It, oven if you
camo every nicht?" *       ,
Wool,"then, do you ho smell-,a rat?
A young' kindergarten teacher    of
Manhattan, who is'.made much of by
here pupils, - frequently meeting their
-r *•     *■ , v *
parents, has a- very • affable manner,
and-on-entering a, Broadway car recently exclaimed, in a' most cordial
'i       l
.way to one of the passengers:-   A ,-
', "Why, how do you do, Mr. Brown?"
"As the man addressed evidently did
not'know her, and looked rather dazed,
she*saw her* mistake, and hurriedly
apologized, saying: - r'
* "I beg paudoii; I thought you wore
the/father of one'of'my children."
Thon everyone within hearing looked so amused thnt tho young lady left
tho car, at .the next atop.   * *   \
Show ui a town in which the majority of the[
BUSINESS men do not advertlte in the local paper,
/incf w# wW show ywi i» tnvm thnt ii not marked
in red on any map.—''The Ledge," Greenwood.
The Isis Theatre
Friday, Saturday
Greatest Marine Story Ever Pictured
Shown in Two Parts
Soo tlio young Ensign shot from tho Torpedo Tubo to
Save TUh Crow
■** '' ' i
The Bottom
of the Sea5
U, S, Subnmnno Boat "TMiniKer" used
Will hold you spellbound to tho finish
Trick Pianists & Comics
,-.*-. *   - -'. *,
Insurance, Real Estate
Money to Loan on first class .Business and Residential' property
Wai dor
'-'' *■""    '","
S. Jennings, Proprietress*
Rates $1.50 and up
*■ '    , '   - i;.      \ *•-- _   , v ,
:7'    Hot arid Cold Water  ^
-    Electric Lighted^.    7"-
7 7LStearn7]Heated.7 '-■. ' - ■
'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main"
Business Street, f,
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special'Rates by the week, andt
the month and to Theatrical par-,
ties.. Try our . *','"'
Special Sunday
Dinner. SOc
v, v   ■ .\:      • ...    \
, •Wholesale e.and„■- Retail
The finest of Wlnos,, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.'   .
Your Old Friend
O. Had lnnd lmgH to inrnrm IiIh
old and now friundK that ho Huh '
uponod up his Burlioi1 BuhIiiohh
ngftln nt iho old dliind (Qnounn
Hotol) mid liopos tf) got tholr
contlnuod ptttrnnngo.
6. Radland    Fernie
Barbershop7 "',•*
",."' ' Baths'   7  "-"'■
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pooi
Coffee ind San-dwich.
- ,:     Counter,  '' ' ]
Hazelwnod Buttermilk
.- •.,'*'    '
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE; B. C.       Phone 34.
Hera it is, Waiting for U
TO riBNT— Concrolo hlock Houho;
0 roontB, Apply Wm. Mint6n,Llml-
my,Ave, Annex.
flHAOK.—Apply Win. Mlnton, Lind-
uy Avo., Annex.
POrt RENT—ElBht-roomod modern
Hoiiflo on Mncphorson Avonuo, 120 por
month.    Apply, Crco and Moftfttt.
FOll SALB—IIouw on Lot t, niock
Hi,   AllliV*,       i*l>\/'<4    "•»•   CwiUHi      wi
S7i NfljjaJiotv B. CT or I'M Tortilf
I FOU RXCHANOB—Two Honiei and
U(» In W«»t Fornl» for luilldlnif lots
In or nottr Now Westminster.  Also
44, Howland Avenue.
On the G.T.P.
Th* Olty born In a Sliver
Bowl.  Tho Spolcano
of Canada
Tho 'Tunnol Olty" Of B. O.
Ilm-oltni* linw n, lilliiiUicy motion
I'lolu-)'thnii ynnrlilfflioNL '
Finest bullulng between Uihb.iilfet.
And Fernio, located at Hillcrest, Alta.,
tho protx-tty ot "Uca.1 IOCS, Dultdtfts
80 x 33, with concrete foundation;
basement. 40 x 'ii. A v,**\\ Mturu pv»t*
(en«d. Tbla U a splendid opportunity for any cm«.    Tfc« coal company
Shilohb Cure
wnt*vt •voi>* couom*. cu*»i.a cout*.
Neat* the thbo»t ho vunos. a« cwn
*1 I  ...I
nn tn
^ W        ■*%**■•       -mar       *Nsr
• m. aHcastner
Solo Afftttit for Fernie
hero nro now inendlng h bfjc sum on
development work.
Full pnrllculars from tho secretary,
Recording Secy,
lltttcmt, Alta.
*      'tl '■<Sy7:-S$77SSySy,
> :x
' -.   -if * t?
h' •**
3-T7 3-..***..-  .  ">7*    *>-,"->',.-'    '.'7,>7-*" ' ,   -,     -..\. ■'.-'[ .V*-;' 7*.   7y.7'77:"' •""."* ILL'--"  ■     -" -^   ' —  '   ""•     ■"**"•■?-■'."--7"    "*"   '■ - -   ■    '        •;>'/--'*'"-"•'-'''-'>.'I'     ;-;->/V\;;     '     ,- . ■ " ,       ■•   ■    ;*t*        ,. * *'• > .« , .   *   . -. J
l *%^,^^^wmi^     *0^^   ^F^"f_a_K __«_ *' l^_SM4^i_#^4-   .;■ JT^ ^. .__«_«________ ,*^ ^ I
■V**- v -77- '•-*
/♦-, ' -.-'.7   By "Tit-Bits."
,(     HOSMER NOTES:-.
♦ a*'- ,; '.. >      :',.    f, .*,  ■-,.-. ♦-
';, ♦.♦;♦. ♦"♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.•*$►,•«:"♦'
,:*-Fred",Whalley!bas gone home again;
,*■ after his six week's "exile.    It'wiil-be\
. 'like the hoteyihobh over again*- Fred.
'' Eh!,; '."What? -, ' 7 .-= 7 .' ■' 'vy y .'„ y
*.;' r Congratulations from everybody on
'*- Master Jim's recovery.   " -    -v ;
' -,;-, ;Harry7S-lye~gBl has sold his building
'; occupied by~A. Lunn, tb' the tenant.
*-. By the'smile on Harry's face.it must
, have ben* a 'good' deal."  7(N.B.—The
.."smile won't come off.),"'
There were some sorry loking 'state-
* merits this pay day. This is a*sorry.
.- statement" to make. ..*' /'•   ..'-..
The Hosmer Industrial Society Ltd.
, Store isji not-,'-, in.-full, swing, and ,1s
- complete -with a good, stock of fine
.groceries and goods e _ual to any found
' In a first-class store.* 7 Their motto is:"
"Fair profits and a straight deal," and
is under the able management of S.
' Hopkins..  It's share holders are work-
-,- ingmen who conceived the idea of co-
- ^ operating to keep down the prices and
- consequently* the cost of living.    They
grudge no one a'fair profit,-land" as"
/.every one knows in Hosmer prices.in
,.*■ ihe past have been so extortionate tliat
' the working; man 'with a family on'
pay. day, after.,squaring up, *bas"had
.very little'left for himselL     There
have-certainly been somo good profits' ■ somewhere""as  tliere  are "seven
grocery- stores'in a'small'camp like
,. this, '"-" Where' would you have 'been,
boys,,this pay day but for this store?
'. Why paying the same old prices. Now,
■   boys,' it's ,u"p to you" to keep it' going!
.'   -Patronize, union men;"'or;',better still,
become a- shareholder.' There is every
chance for you>to become your own
'] storekeeper and share, in "the,., prof Its."
." Hosmer' friends, of Mike Quinn, the
' 'old brattice man in No.'2, willbe pleased to hear that he is doing well on his
ranch.    -He is at present on with a
'. big contract for railroad* ties ,and an-
.* other, one'for piles In view.     Good
luck,- Mike.      .*' '       -, 6l-
, ■ ■ W. Balderstone has been nominated
•j  delegate to* the Ninth Annual* Conven-
"\.,tion"of District'lS.^tobe held at" Leth-
'    bridge, ori February 19th, 1912.   * -•?. s
Dan MacGIennon returned to Hoa-
' . .mer.on Friday from Beay_er_Cr-eek.7__
."'   -, A* men's meeting., (undenominational)
o,-'.is held in. the* 1/ 0.7 0. F.,. Hall;eve'r>;
*,  Sunday afternoon at 3.30 p.m.,    This
,   is, a brief, bright;, brotherly, meeting,
:;, and is.open for discussion" of subjects
of general' importance and;.Hve inter-
" est,, You are-all'cordially invited*
"-No collection.   ,       - ■  .,
Jack Menelik sprained his ai*kl° and
has-been strolling around the town.
The, coke "ovens are goirK sironj;
• now.     There^ar'e 160,ovens.' Frorl is
■■   a busy man now, and cxpHrto to 1 .ive
all'In.full swing by tho "end of March.-
7  'It Is rumored .that -tho   "Bobble
Burns".Hosmor coal   In, his heator.
* Hqg-gjs .so! (Bog* pardon, ^ Sara!)
(Yes, you'll bo arrested noxt time, Mr.
, Correspondent.—Ed.)   ,
Now York,,our thriving suburb, did
; not soom to take.,much catering for
ln.tho beer lino this pay day; but wait
1111 thoy onrn(lo) ablt more,,and niin
, tho cocks will bo crowing for suro.
thoy aro Whlto!--' customers somo of
thorn. 7 "■*      .'-.'.
By special request all real ostcice
"agents aro advised'to stay away.frcm
,  thlB busy burg—pay day chequos nre
too, largo to nccomodato strangers.
Thoro is not much talk nbout New-
cnstlo winning tho-cup this year   ln
Hosinor,    Thoy havo mado a ''bloom-
. or",this tlmo. ,  Tho Magplo Is vory
qulot. ,'
Now, boys, you'vo had your fun; se
como along with your .subscriptions—
• $t a yoar^or1 2 cento a wook; <(you
will save that In physio,.and this is no
mnko-up. If'you haven't got It, We'll
mnko up.
Who was It thnt was talcing a bite
nt a plug of bneen and found It ns
hnrd ns No, C, , Noxt tlmo soo that
,   you don't mlstako tho youngBtors hulld-
. lng blocks, Tlint'B not MoDonnld'«,
It'H McNnh's.
Tho Quoon's moving picture was
woll nttyndcil on Saturday, tho Itnllan
colony turning out In largo numhorH
to boo tho film showing tholr countrymen In conflict with tho Turks. Thoro
woro n fow wet oyoa that would mako
' you bollovo thoy had boon pulling Tripoli onlone. (N.n.—Thoy lind turkoy
for, Xmns.)
D— Y— looks downhoartod those
days. Who haH cut you out thin tlmo?
Don't tnko It so curiously; thoro ,ar«
lotH moro fish Jn tho boh, rod, Ono
consolation, tho candy hill will bo Iqm.
,, .   T-     I . '
InMt"*. mofUnr: frnm Vrlilny Io nnnfln;-'; •
n derided chnngo for tho bettor. I
'      Mlko Johnaon has lost n saw.   Was i
It a borrowed ono. Mlko?    pn-lty good
snw thnt.
pensesi'a'sumof $8.46'is'.om hand, representing^ money. sUll'Vncalled for, by
the- children.-y'After, some' discussion,
it was decided'that a Christmas*" Tree
Fund' Account be. opened..up.in", the
barik,"'and thisinoney'tobe* usedvalgain
next year-for'a treat to all-the"; children iri towri.'.T'-lilrs.j.-Brbwnrigg,?and
the principal of '.the school, "anda Miss
Wilson,. were^' appointed'",.trustees" for
the'fuad:;f"^" "'"V^-Tr"1": V ^-
When' "•ln;<!FernIe,_.visit .the Isis
Theatre...,1    *, Cf'y'""""-' ;  ""'•
♦'♦ ♦ ♦ *••♦'.♦ '+ ♦ ♦ '♦ ♦ ♦.
.♦*"■-•.y =7-^.-7   -      ,,'.   -V
♦ *" 77*COLEMAN   . ,    ♦
• Everything{around.here' is, going
somewhat livelier now" since the mines
have started to work once more. Every
one'is all. smiles'.'and-busines is very
brisk.' y ' .- ." y' •' .' " *■■-
- Last night "marked one of the best
hockey games of the season between
Frank and. Coleman, resulting in a
victory for Coleman.' .From'.'all accounts there was 'some*' pretty lively
play, between the, rival, teams.  -,
Wo all seem to be enjoying ourselves
these*' days,'-' as nearly every night
there is-a dance or moving picture
show,-' arid judging from the crowds
ttiat,turn out-.there must be something
doing;in that line.  7 .
The" mines are not working"very
steady on-account of scarcety'of cars.
No.'4'Mine. Interriatibrinl, however,'is
working steady,.as-also Carbond'ale.
lliere has been, quite a number, of
accidents here, but none fatal. Every
day crowds of men can be seen looking
for work, but there are' no vacancies,
and the would-be workers- hear the
same old story, "Nothing Doing!"
♦ "■"
• ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ■♦'♦W* ♦"♦";
♦ •    .   KIPP NEWS ♦
♦ , *.. ' ,7... ,'"7-7 .♦
'♦. ♦ ♦ ♦■♦-"♦" ♦♦♦"■♦♦♦♦
-*■ The new church was" opened bn Jan.
15th.with a concert,' which proved a
great' success'.'"'After the", minister,
Rev. C.' R." Corcoran fiad.'.opened the
proceedings with*prayer, the,following
prograrii. was carried out:.." .Bridgend
Orchestra; "solo,anil-, chorus," J. ,'D.
Sheith and the choir; Reading, ^Miss
Mary   MrlPhnrann;   "Tho" Btv^r "Rhn-nL
"non,".by Mr. Dan-McVicars; quartette,
"Some Day' I'll Wander • Back "Again,"
Mrs. cStafford, Miss Garwood, Messrs
Stafford and Henry; solo, Mrs D'Arck;
solo, .Mr. Baker; .solo and.'chorus, Mr.,
Henry and the choir; solo, Mrs Fred
Gullett; solo, Mr. Arthur Benson; solo
Mr. Skelth, '"The , Monarch" "bf > the
Woods"; reading, Miss Garwood; duet,
Mrs. D'Arck and Mrs. Sheffield"; quartette, ' "Tontlng Tonight'," Bridgend
Male'.Quartette; recitations,'Mr. Wai-
kor and daughter May, This concert
proved a'great success, and something
like $150 was cleared which will *go
far towards paying off the debt. Great
credit ls due to all those who.helped
and took part In tho program. .
1 Mr. Lowe Fraser was1 all smiles this
week.' iThey say It's a daughter, but
what's tho difference. Try rigaln.'old
boy, you'll do It yot.   ' '       \
Thb Scalo Committee,* with tho as-
slBtahco of Chas. Garner nnd Big Carl,
woro working hard this last wook trying to draw up a contract rate," and
after bolng-at It for two or three days
wo .discovered that tho negotiations
wore called off, and hnd boon tnkon
up by tho Western Coal Operators'
Association nnd tho DlBlrlcU* In the
of It nnd do tho thing right.,
Wo nro. expecting to soo our worthy
District Prosldont down our way somo
of those nlco days, and hope to glvo
him a good tlmo whon ho doos como,
, Wo had Big Carl to nnslst In getting
tho chock-off signed by some of our'
forolgn,brothors,,who wanted to know
nil about It boforo signing up, There's
nothing llko knowing nil nbout It boforo Blgnlng up, nnd Big Carl Is tho
ono to put thorn wlso;
Thoro eomB to bo qulto n numbor of
Idlo mon about tho country'looking for
work, Lots got turned down horo
ovory dny nnd go on to tho noxt placo
up tho lino to try tholr luck.
Thoro nro throo shifts working-nt
proflont, but strong talk of laying off
0110, bo it's not much uso coming horo
looking for work,, Several outsldo
men aro bolng lnld-off Hiobo winter
days on account of frost, otc.
Hopkln Evan, Taber, has taken up
tho poBllon ns flro boas horo nnd we
seo our old, frlond Tom O'Donnoll
hack In camp again. Wo hopo to bo.
him mnko good ns ho Is well thought
of by nil tho boys.
;' Wo oxpoct to soo things hun*,, with
11-iu spring, UK ait iuihik 01 GU-iiiw»a
■. WWObHluua mi- utft.il lor Unnii: wk*i
I speculate.
■♦♦♦♦♦♦ ,♦.♦.;♦ '♦.♦.♦ ♦
Times are prety "dull aiburidT-bC"*
'Collieries this month.. The .shortness
of box cars seems*the chief reason a-.
t_ e' Canada West Mine.'"'* -.This „riiuie
usuidly "works\pretty steady' at,- tUis
tta-o of tlie yearr but has now been
idle four days since ne-." year; 77; .
, We have had 7<haiige of; manaire-'
n.fnt lately. ,Th© new manager, Mr.
Howard, took'charge'i_e first.o!;\\ i'
wtek.. V. S. .Kuld is moving to iili-*.:
neapolis. ' The thdiVe seems io.,'o
appreciated by everyone.     - ■ ,     >
The pit boss, Mr. Johnson, seem, to
be a pretty good fellow. This is his
first season "in charge of the -mine.
The miners complained of not- getting
their coal out, so Mr%j Johnson refused
to hire any more men until every man
was getting all the cars he required".
Usually they keep bn hiring every man
that comes along, regardless of whether the men already employed are making a living or net,, \ 7 ■ ' .
Walter Coombs, formerly tipple boss,
at the Canada West, is now travelling
for the company. His place'is. filled
by James Campbell (known around
Glace Bay, N.S., as "Riot Act'? }m"),
who came here to act as machine boss.
One day in* the° mine was sufficient
tb show that}Jimmy's ability was riot
equal to the job,' hence'his removal to,
the surface.  "'-.-. * -      ■ ," 7
The loader's""in ^ the thirteenth east
entry had; been'complaining of losing
cars' for "some-time. One man was
suspected.of changing checks.1 The
pushers' and drivers were put ion the
watch,'.with the result that on Thursday the man was* caught. The secretary and pit committee had a .warrant issued and he;,was arrested. In
consideration of his family (eight children and a*.wife)-the men asked that
he be let'off-easy. " As-he. pleaded
guilty he was let off with fifteen dollars arid costs, or thirty days in-jail.
This ought to serve as- a warning to
others. * ,-,     *-  -'■.-,,.."   ,,   *  •
The men of Local 1959 have started
an ambulance classy Drs.-Hammond
and Leech are- giving lectures in the
miners',hall every Sunday morning. .
• The miners of Taber haye again tak-
en up the .questibn-QL-the-co-operative,
store moverrient.' This was' pretty well
gone into last year, but'somehow the
matter was dropped. 7 Now the increased cost" of living is forcing the
.men'tcMook for.some way of getting
the necessaries of life a little cheaper
than the merchants'; of this town are
disposed to sell them for.- \It is, to be
hoped that the matter will not be
dropped this tlmo. '
The Taber Times claims that 'the
town is infested with yags. The-Iocal
police drove some of them out of town
during tho recent cold weather. One
poor fellow, having no money, tried to
walk tb Lethbridge, He got 'badly
frozen arid had to have a leg amputated. Some of his relatives have taken
tho, matter' up and nro suing tho town
of Taber for damages. ,
, A poultry Bhow was held ln town'
a fow days ago. Ono prize .winner
was a largo gander owned by some-
ono out bf town, About midnight
Constable Roberts surprised some parties in tho net of stealing tho bird
and, marched them to the police station.- Next morning thoy were fined
ton .dollars and costB. -    - .
ites going to* Fernie to secure bargains
at the cheap7stobk-ta_:in_\sales:which"
are no*.v being-held:-.-",. . , 7'.'"- -
-' Mr. Harfy.-AVilmer, head cashier and
"accountant, arid-the,type plugger "of
the rag of Freedom,"(to. wit-Ledger)
were taking in the' quiet and peaceful
"surroundings of the Creek last Sunday.
A visit was made to Mr0 and Mrs. Geo.
Crabb and luncheon partaken of, after
which "the party, accompanied by the
late Mayor bf Morrissey, hit the ties
for Fernle.7 No arrests were made.
W.-G. Murray who came as grocery
clerk to the Trites-Wood Co. up here
.about'throe weeks ago, left again last
Saturday night for Trail, where he has
secured a better position.-.
The'second son of Mr. and Mrs. Thos
Oakley was taken down to the hospital
last Friday evening- suffering from
symptoms of typhoid fever. - .**
Mrs. Steve Lawson and little dau-v
g'hter, of Hosmer, were visiting friends
up here last Monday*. ' , *7
, Mr ami Mrs.,, J. Lund' and son have
taken residence up here* this week.'
They como from Wyoming, and'state
thaj; work is pretty dull around**that,
quarter.   ,' ■'' -
•' There has been great rejoicings over
in Slav Town'this'-.week over the arrival of a fine daughter on'Monday 22,
to Mr and Mrs. Steve Sangola. Mother
and .child are both doing'well..
Arthur Dealtrby,' arrived back' In
camp last week-end after spending the
last few months on,the prairie'around
Alberta.,; v v      ;_    7     -
About twenty.couples took in, the
Burns'-Nicht dance on Thursday evening. Dancing,-being continued until
the wee sma' hours. Among those
who favored us with their presence
from,tho*riearby-.city we noticed Miss
Gray and Mr.. Morgan Jones and several others. Mr.^Jas. Davison was
the' accompanist.'   -    ,
Ed.* Bridge paid, a visit to his fruit
ranch at Creston last week-end.
• Mr. McK^nzie,- of the Fernie Home
Bakery, paid a business visit up here
on Thursday afternoon. .
The mines were idle up here again
last Monday.-'..-..".r
Mr. i-Iuntingdbri,'- of Fernie, paid a
business'trip to, Coal Creek last Monday afternoon. "* 7
.♦■'♦♦.♦' ♦ ♦ <•-"»'♦<* <-*-• <r
♦ ,       "A LETHBRIDGE
af EDSON, Alta. Well in
townsite; owner must sell at
sacrifice; present price of lots
$150 tb' $175;" will t_fce~$100
cash. The G. T. P. roundhouse was completed at Jhls
important point, last year, and
- it is now the junction for the
Grand1*-. Prairie and * Peace
River..  Prices bound tb soar;
" this lot .can be sold in a few
weeds for $175 to $200., Ap-
opIy.-Box 542, Fernie, B, C.
In town on Sunday.
Dun McLonnon nrrlvod on Saturday
from Boavor Creolfj on Saturday,
Mrs. McLean, of Fornlo, apont Snturday tho guest of Mrs. Otockott, ,
Mr and Mrs, Wattors spent a fow
days In Plncher Creek this wook visiting Mr nnd Mrs. Prod Poltotlsr.
About 20 young poopl'o or Honmcr
drovo to Fornlo lo ntend the carnival
{ind -spent a very enjoyable tlmo.
A meting of the committee which
arranjr«l tha Chrlntmss trr-at was hold
In Mrs. J. Brownrlgg's homo last Friday ovenlng,    Aftor paying nil tx-
"Whnt Ih tho foico that mnkcB lho
world mpvo?" naked lho teacher.
■'!■„«- i-imlicitu," jiKitnjiUy .lobntiy
Hsrduppe ropllod.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ '♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
A night school has boon started up
horo 'and qulto a numbor of young
mon,nro taking advantage of It to refresh tholr momorloB with what they
did know nnd. try nnd add to tholr
Tho Temperance Longuo mndo its
proBonco known up horo last Saturday,' Sovoral well-known CrookltoB
pledged thomsolvofl not to touch, taalo
or liundlo that which Is known nn
Mutzlno. No wonder thoro has been
a rush on soft drinks this wook, on-
poclnlly on tho Now Conl Crook bovor-
ago known as "Drone*."
Tho I, 0, S„ undor tho BiiporvlBlon
of tholr roproBontntlvo, M, 13, C. Egg,
of Fornlo, Is holding a nmnll exhibition
of tho work thnt ls bolng dono by their
students nnd whnt can bo dono by
would-be students. Ho Is also having
n gucBBlng compotltlon ou how long a
cnndlo will' hum, which Is causing
qulto a llttlo excitement up horo thin
Mrs, Jackson nnd Mrs. IO. Hampton,
ot Miviiei, wero yihiuuk Mr and Mrs,
t.',w^, ruu^v mi j.tjv* ','*)'. viwc'wvnkJ.
Thomas Mcflovern, ot Michel, was
visiting old frlonds at the Crw*k on
Sunday la»t.
Last Saturday was pay day, tho larg-
•*m one lor thn lust nine months. Tlio
evening train 'hn* packed with Creek-
Tho Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada have issued the following appeal:—-      /   "
The   Krur Case.      Important   Legal
Tako thin up at onco ns It may be your
turn next. .. _ '       ,
Krm wns killod whilst employed
" ln tho 0. N. P. Coal Company's mln:
os ln Dlrtlsh Columbia. "' Ills' widow
, and sitt small children sought damages under tho Workmen's Compensation Act of British Columbia, Tholr
claim waa defeated   bocauso, thoy
lived outBldo of that Province,
Common boiiho and common humanity point to n dlfforont conclusion ns
tho proper ono,    "It Is tho provjneo
of a Judgo to find lnw for tho conclusion of common sonso"---so snld a
lenrnod UngllBh Judgo,
, It ls sought now to tnko tho enso to
tho Privy Council ot England.  That
takes monoy.    District Ko. 18, United
Mlno Workers of Amorica, and District No, 0, Wofltorn Federation of
Minors linvo alrondy spent, a lot of
monoy' to oBtnbllHh a prlnclplo Hint Is
as much for yonr benefit nn for theirs,
Tho Trndos and Labor Cangross, In
annual convention, nt Calgnry, Alta,,
unanimously approved this appeal to
you for financial iiHHlHtnnco to tho ox-
tent of 10 contfl por onch mombor.
Tho CongroBH Counsel—*J O O'Donog-
liuo—iitiya It la 11 proper ctiao to appeal
Will yon kindly, right now, mako 11
contribution townrda tho fund for lho
lippC'Sl, „
An injur/ to, one >» tlm concern of
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦;*
, A~'Big Boost for Lethbridge
The" City;Councili Board of Trade,
and, of course,. the" real estate men,
of this city - haye had many schemes
afoot, and spejnt-andjstill are spending,
a good many thousand- dollars to advertise and boost Lethbridge.
But this.week, I believe, the Civic
Fathers have allowed brie of the greatest boosts to* this or any.vother,>city>
in this country to occur, and .one which
any man, no matter who or what he
is, is bbund-to stigmatize as a d	
shame, It seems that Mr. Good, an
ex-alderman, got the contract for the
sewerage system at the river bottom,
and he sublet it to another firm from
across the line, who started* In on
Monday' morning With-* somewhere
about forty, men: -, These men were
not long on' the job when they were
told they were tb receive fifteen cents
per. hour, or the handsome sum bf
$1.50 for.ten hours work. ' They were
practically' all English" speaking, and
at once quit, and came iri a body, looking for Mr. J. Ritchie, organizer for
A..P. of L! They all adjourned to the
Labor Temple to consider the matter,
I understand he interviewed the boss
of said firm, and got him to increase
It tb two dollars for ten hour day.
Today I,saw anywhere.from twenty to
thirty foreign-speaking men on the job
working, for this rate-of wage.
There are some men on whom it
is necessary for the capltalis£ to >put
hid foot-right on their neck, as in the
case quoted above, before they can
realize that, individually they can do
nothing.     ,, . •'
If at any-time the union men of this
city had cause to be alert to what is
taking.,place. it is* now. - Two years
ago the minimum rate was 27 Va cents
per hour for laborers, but last year-it
was • 25 cents. 0 tNow this is a start
for this year at 20 cents, and through'
the instrumentality of an ex-alderman.
I-understand this, same man has got
other contracts,"from the city, which
will be started/whenever weather permits, soif-tlie' unlori.rato of,wage Is
not .included'-in his contract it can
easily^bb seen "what the men are up
=aga,nsr.- .-   „■■ ■.■^-*--—-~-iT   _ ,
I say It Is,up'.'to the'City Council,
who, settle these'.contracts, to have"
the'scale of'wages' stipulated therein,
and, I feel confident, that not one'rate-,
payer, would- kick, for it's a* well-
known fact.that no man with a wife
and family, can-llve»'on two dollars-a
day in Lethbridge;'-
If thoy'want to economize there are
a great many ways they can do so.
One, for Instance, is take Dave King's
tip and'engage a qualified lawyer for
city clerk. Only the other week the
city lawyer' resigned because, .as he
stated, hla' remuneration wasn't equivalent to'hiB laborlS.and at last week's
mooting of the Council the city clerk
applied for an Increase of salary, as
ho considers $2000 per annum not sufficient. ', In fact, lho whole darned
official family hero are In for nn Incroaso of salary, and .if any of thorn
are turned down It will be tho first to
my knowlodgo. Oh, yes! thoy nro all
of tho family,'and If you belong to It
nnd don't llko walking, you ' get. > a
horso, and.if, you would rather havo
a bugglo, an automobile or arooplnno
—well you'll got'thnt too, somo dny!
Thoro Is no doubt nbout It, tho strcot
railway contemplated has ovory chanco
to pay, nnd If nothing olso It will cut
out the cost of tho upkeop of thoso
Whon In Fornlo vtolt tho IbIs
number of stores organized and operated on the, general-lines of the .commissary stores "in the Canal Zone; Isthmus of Panama.
- New Spirit'lnvades Senate
The rising tide of' Socialism has
reached the United States Seriate, and
a senator (Borah, Idaho) has - been
forced to declare that "the Constitution was not made for. hogs alone,'
but also for men. If we are devoting
over if3,000,000 a year to the gathering
of statlstics'-'with reference to "the diseases of cattle and hogs and the picking of ticks off cattle, it occurs co n.o
that we can afford $30,000 to collect
data with reference to the diseases of
At the end of the debate "Sunny
Jim" Shorman, the President of tlie
Senate and proprietor""'of doped food
factories, announced that the bill
would "go over," which means that the
bllKhas-been put on the table indefinitely.
C.   P.   R.
Will   Establish   Ready-Made
;. Farms Here-Too
The" announcement that the Canadian
Pacific Irrigation and Colonization Co.
will extend its colonies of ready-made
farms into British Columbia,, was made
by J. S. Dennis at Victoria recently
and he returned yesterday 'and;.confirmed" the announcement."     7
An'appropriation has been made for
the establishment of ready-made farms
along the. line of the Kootenay Central
in the. Columbia-Valley near Golden
and for others in the Crow's Nest
Pass ■ near Wavdner. These ' farms
will be from 10 to 20 acres in extent
and will pe settled by immigrants from
Great Britain on terms similar to those
of the > ready-made farm colonies in
Alberta. It is probable that this policy will be adopted later at the coast.
- The C. P. R. readymade farm scheme
is one of the most successful'colonizing projects in Western Canada-and
t*«ie.colonies in Alberta are very popular. ' It is expected that' 500 of these
farms in this province will be taken
up by British settlers this year. . Tlie
C. P. K. is choosing from the hundreds
of applicants those _ best „ suited," to
Western Canadian -.conditions.—7 7
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of,
, Food and every
attention  ,a
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
-   (Over. Suddaby's Drug- Store)
;15.: .?••>. 'f,^,fv^A'4-r:;vV4H^si:*©'
W. H. Murr;"-'  Prop.
< A complete commercial education in
Pitman's Shorthand and' the Touch
System of Typewriting.
DAY STUDENT—G months''course
(continuous Instruction in both subjects) 9.30 a.m. to 12; 1.30'to 4 p.m.
Torma $50.00, or six monthly payments
of $10.00 por month.  . ,
lessons per week,'4 to C p.m., $6.00 per
lessons per week, 7,30 lo 10 p.m., $6.00
per month.
Two lessons per wook, 7.30 to 10 p.m.,
$5.00 per month.
Toes paynblo In advarico. Special,
attention to backward students,
For  further  particulars,  apply—
W. S. PEARSON, Principal.
P. O. Box 135. 'Phono No. 170
The Cash
Hosmer B.C.
7 Always Choice
and Fresh"
A Trial Order Solicited
Beware of Ointments for Catarrk
-   thnt Contain Mercury,
M mercury will utircly (Jr-atroy tlm wnwat cinrB
,inil  cMiiplnlcly   (U-niriuo   tho   uliolu  »>>toiii  when
(mtnrhiK  it  tlitmwli   tlio  imicoim  Hiirlftn-H.    Sued ,
articled Hhuiild novor lx> uscij vxceiit (in prcu-rlp-
UonH from, ri-iiiitiililo plijalclimu, nn tne (Inni-nn* tliry
will do In ton (old to tlio Kpoil you ran imiwlbly lie- '
rlvo (ram tlicm.   iiuII'h Cnturrh Cure, innnuiaclurf*)'
\>y I-'. J. Choiioy A Co., Toledo, O., contiilns no mer-
niry, nmi Is tnkon Mitorniilly, tu-tlnu directly upon
tlio blood nnd mucous surface*) ot tho nyntn)i.   in
uuyliiK  Ifnll'H Cntnrrli  Pure  lie dure you tret llio
koiiuIiii),   It In tnkon Inteninlly. nnd mndo In Toledo,
Ohio, hy V. 3. Cheney tt Co.   TeMlmomiiiu [roe.
Hold by I)ni»Kl»tn,   1'rlcc, 76c. per uollla,
Takr Itnll'i I'nmlly ruin (or eoimtliintlon.
U. 8, Constitution Not Mode For Horji
Qovornmont-ownod dopnrlmont uteres for lho ubo of Undo Sam's GO.OOO
employes nt Washington nro advocated
In a hill Introduced by ConKrtnBinnn
Tho bill calls for an appropriation of
$1,000,000 for tho CHtnbllRhmenl of a
Quality First, Last & Always
A Trial Order is Solicited
Men sire urged to stay away from Eastern British
Columbia and Alberta. There are hundreds who have
not yet commenced work since the strike settlement.
City Lots, $400 and $450
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Company, Ltd.
NATAL, B.C. -Pfl.
. '   -.77- '<y-*-_:'»7;  .■.•-■i-'-**''^7-:^
..'•-     ,-   *.■*■ -'-'  ,'--.'-   v- -,**<,,-* ■« - *"■ '   .-* t» ■-•*-'>"   --'\-."' .s'^'y','.. ".- . - V ,n ,■;■*** •-.■"'..'sY.f *"*-- '-• -•«*;-•"'
if   '      "'        '.        - ,  *-,;        "    * .-'    \\-     =V\   ---\       :   . *   ■*-    -- .       '--"Tt*-"   -7,--**" -     [   -I*'*--/*'",     "     * '*   XT.-"-'.    7'   •>*'ll
- ' '   •      a*   *."-<     -7*   ■ .'*'    ', .". .s --*',". i--v   *.'.i,i.... -;." .-„ *-/*.-,.  r       *„*„*■.'. -\v .-*, -----
*',is f
•- *
,-)     JWF»,?.  '
";- rfb^, •
■"*    .
Methods of Blasting
3-     In  blasting 'with  gunpowder  some
very peculiar methods were resorted
to in times past..   In the writer's earliest experience a shot-hole was drilled
with a jumper drill, and this Is still in
use in,some districts.    Sometimes the
shot-hole would   be   nearly - circular,
"   sometimes otherwise, the hole scraped
i or  cleansed   out  with   Iron   scraper,
loose or grain , powder   inserted . and
pushed home   by    the    scraper, the
'charge adjusted according to the experience of the' man in charge, and
then an Iron needle or skewer~about 3
feet 6 inches long inserted into the
. • shot hole, penetrating   the   powder;-
-   this being held in position- with one
hand whilst being stemmed.with the
other.     The blunt end of the drill,
sometimes the blunt end of the ringer,
would -be used for tamping rod. the
' shot-hole filled with stemming to its
.' .outer edge, the skewer carefully withdrawn,  and a - squib  about 8 Inches
long'filled with fine.loose powder in-,
"serted into the skewer hole, leaving
,    about an' inch outside, the stemming
being slightly tamped to prevent .the
squib flying out of shot-hole when ig-,
nited. *
To fire the. shot a candle would be
stripped to its'wick and'fastened with
a piece of clay,, near to, the squib, adjusting the wick or match to act as a
time fuse, to allow time to get away.
As soon as tho squib became ignited it
** would act as a rocket, and the.flame
..passing inwards7vouId explode the
shot.' ,' '.    ■■
In this method* sometimes a nervous
man would'* accidentally    touch    the
squib with his' naked .light, and get
', .the'full force of the shot in, his face*.
Many accidents', happened ' whilst
..;'tamping*,,wjth iron., .Hence the law
'. .'was passed that no.irbn or steel tool
'•' should -be used in connection with
.' stemming shot-holes, only • copper or
' ' qwood implements'to be .employed.
Bobbin or reel powder came into use,
safety fuse. This made blasting more
effective and simpler, tho bobbins or
, reels being threaded on. the, fuse, and
the end of fuse "cut oblique and turned
inside bobbin so as to provide-the security of fuse .and safe Ignition.
"Stemming as a rule'was'got from
between the rails or floor of the gate,
which had been trampled hard by csn-
stant traffic. In this stemming some-
limes bits of stono, glass," or other
substances were found, which were' at
times moro likely to cut tho fuse,
causing missed shots; further, this
. stemming/ which really was composed
of coal'dust, etc., set hard with the
-use of - a copper tamping rod, may
have in tho past caused an explosion
of gns and-coal dust.
Accidents proving fatal have often
occurred by -> forcibly pressing cartridges with a copper tamping rod' Into
an Jmproporly drilled shot-hole; honco
the passing of tho act that no ,ex-
ploolvo shall bo forcibly pressed into
a shot-hole, also that explosives shall'
bo placed ln a properly drilled shot-
hole, and only clay or othor non-inflammable substances used for stemming and provided by tho owner.
Tho moro advanced mothod (nnd ln
compllanco with tho C, M. It. Act) of
machine-drilled Bhot-holos, with tho
ubo of high explosives, was a groat
stop In tho right direction as regards
nafoty and dconomy, To lessen tho
rlalc of an explosion from tho effects
of a blown-out Bhot, Settle's water cartridge was Introduced, tho explosive
bolng entirely surroundod by wnter,
nnd tho flamo quouchod by tho wator
nt tho Instant of explosion, This led
. to further ndvnncomont, and as n
suhstltuto for tho wntor flrc-quonchlng
properties mlxnd with tho explosive
By J. "B. Guesti ghirebrook
ingredients *.yere introduced, ' and' jl
number, of sD.cA],ed f]£-mele*ss' expi0.
sivos invented.    ,   °   -.
Detonators of varloug siz€S'. Qr
strengths, 0^-,^ and hl^M(i d<J_
tonators, nig**, lcw tension,'are used
in  connection  ^ita  high  explosives-
The action of a detonator*, is attributed
by some to b* teat produoed by eom.
pression.by Others ■ to " only the heat
given off by the gases of the (ulm,n,
ate in the c*P| and others* again "attribute it to the dissociating power of
a strong vibr^ion.' Probably all these
influences ar^ b;.ought to b€ar on the
explosion, an<- it would be difficult "to"
estimate the 1)art contr-buted by each.
374 degs. F. -,, the ordlnary temperature ,of ignitl0I1 for fulminate, of mercury?     " "
''- The color sealing of detonators denotes the class Jt belongs to. High
tension detonators - are colored green;
low tension detonators are colored
black. , ,
In preparing the charge with' ordinary detonators and" fuse, the fuse is
clean cut-and inserted into the detonator, and crisped tight at top of cap.
sule by men-as of pliers; A, hole_ is
bored into t^ neck of the explosive
to the depth o£ detonator, say in" Fav-
ersham Pow^r by means of a special
type-of i*liets. Th<J detonator ,1s inserted into fteclc of cartridge, ancUhe
neck is crimped to secure fuse.
When using Samsonite, „ Gelignite,,
Cordite, Pitsea Powder, Monobel Pow-*
der, or Fracturite with ordinary or
electric detonator, a hole is bored.into
tlie cartridge to reCOive the detonator,
and paper on end of the cartridge tied
with a piec,-, of .string over-the detonator.
It, is possible t0 explode several explosives that are on the*Permitted List
without a detonator by making" a1 cartridge of non:lnflamiable.materi-al and
Placing,cartridges "of explosives" inside
(the charge appearing as one'eart-
rulge) althonch onn-ainW.n™ ttin*
Of course, it is very essential not
to overcharge or put In shot-holes
more - explosive than ' is necessary.
One instance came under the writer's
notice ^through overcharging which
might easily have causel an accident.'
A shot-hole was drilled in a stone
drift 4 feet 6,inches, and badly placed.' The workman had pressed home
12 oz. of explosive to the back of tho
shot-hole before the shot-firer arrived
(a. young, inexperienced man). The
workman' then charged "the, shot-hole,
and properly stemmed it, and fired.
The shot appeared to give two reports! and drift at* back.full'of flame.
Sufficient time was allowed for smoke
etc., to clear,, and "on examination it
was found that it had,been a blown-
out shot. The workman had acci-
dently left his tin containing * 3" lb",
of permitted explosives within < three
yards ofJ the shot, and the- shot had
only' blown or biased a piece of stone
from the front" of shot .hole. A piece
of this'stone had probably struck
thertiri. containing explosives, with
a force to cause the "explosives to
explode,-shattering the tin to atoms.
This may have been the cause of two
reports and the large amount of flame.-*
•  7 " Shot Holes ,
If there is only one "unsupported
fae'e a hole requires to'be angled." In
sinking a shaft.or'driving a level, one
or more' holes at-times angled towards
the centre unkey the face. " Successive holes may be put in at right an-'
gles ,'to the-face, and arranged concentrically round the "key," or paral-
el to /7the sides of the drift or shaft.
Speaking generally, although mpdifi-'
ed by local pointings, etc., in driving
a leyel, where the dip is downwards
and .'towards-.youv work from above
downwards; but when the dip is away
from^you,<i,work from below and.Upwards. v\ In. driving, parallel to the
strike-work from an advanced cut
either from "the rght or left,* or across
the, level.'-' - ' 7
or classes ot explosives. .This' method
of mixing expire,, ln sh0t-holes has
caused quit* a ttUmber -*,, -ac(;id€ntS)
owing to careless she-Mirers* placing
high explosives in the back of the
shot-hole, and in pressing home with
scraper or tamping rod causing" dirt
or dust to (vQt between cartridge and
primer, thus maklng a bad CQnt ^
suiting in biown.tut shotSi ■ At other
times powdei. has done the work al-
Iot-iefltebut-,ll_eilPfH_l,gtt_ or- cartrldg€s
of high exploslves found amongst the
111, T^° ""exploded cartridge
ofttiines.rtrnek accidentally by pick
or hammer, ha8 eaiIS€d accldents ,to
workmen Henc6i tho c,aUB0 t]mt ft
charge shall- con*8lst 0f, a'cartridge or
cartridges of not more th(m ono ^
crlptlon of Explosive.    ■
It has bo^n" suggested that blown-
out shots might b<} preVented if there
was a regu ntJon prescribing tho quantity of oxplosive proportionate to the
depth of th* hole. Tho quostlon of
blown-out shots to a vory groat ex-
tent Is a question of caro, and in tho
writers °f'»»Ion (having charged and
flrod. hundrod8 of Bnota wltn dltforent
classes of oxplosivos) Is In tho plac-
ing of tho shot-holo Itself,-bo that tho
shot has a reasonable chance of doing
,        ;, > drUl a ohot-holo, for In-
stance, 12 li>ch0B boyond th() h0„ng or
12 InchoB on the fast In tho coal, or a
shot-holo bored In a stono,drift In a
straight llna.viu, tho moasuros nnd
firod-tho Bbots aro nlmont certain to
blown-out Bhota. If tho shot in conl
had boon, say, 12 ,nch0B from (h0 bftck
of holing, o-r u th0 Bhot ,n Btono drift
woll plantea 0P plMod on thft B,Rnt R
ronsonablo distance In, nnd stomm-
ng properly attoml0(1 ,0f th<J r|f)]: flf
blown-out «,)otB W0HM ,mvo ,)0on
torlnlly rodllcol]i
kittade footo
Geological Survey. .Reference tc = Coal
7    . Discoveries on Groundhog ' 77' *
, v ■-.. ■-7,-'-.f^Mountaln'77"yy.* \- -"*■
-JOMNtBARBER, D.D.S.,:L D 8-» -   '..   j
-.S':-;.*y   '.'-.- D"ENTISt"*7.;t, .t-:' --'  -• ■ '7*7-.'
- -v-j'.-'',' *. - • ,-<*- j ,s . < ' 'yx*-        ■   --'.-,7.
oWcerihehdVrson .Block;* Fernie, B.C. . ;. :
v Hours: -8.30 to 1; - 2>to; 5;;.
No Alum
I .' *«.  w
'Lime Phosphate
ure,Giream of Tartar
1       rowder
Made fc<w\ Grapes 1
trical blasting the-connection may be
badly.made,1-or not made at all;7 or
missed shots may f occur when explosives,- etc., are in 'good condition""
properly tamped, etc.
1 To "prevent, miss-fires;, if possible,
it is-an. advantage if each shot' "Is
complete in one cartridge; but when
more than^one .cartridge is required
care should be taken, by placing-the
cartridges- 'close' together to prevent
dirt from" getting between them. '"
The detonator used with any explosives "should,* if- possible, be obtained- from- the 'firm supplying the ex-*
plosives* of sufficient 'strength well
over 'its7work„,and the detonator
should be placed in the largest cartridge, if two.or more cartridges are
used.- - 7\ 7---" »     "*■ -t J -
In case of miss-fire from any caused
the charge sfiould not' on any accoun";
. be withdrawn. -Another shot-hole*
must .be drilled,, say 12 inches ',o'r
-more from* miss-fire shot-hole, and'rli-
James who.had four sons. -Of these
only one, Edmond, outlived him. When
his first son,* Solomon,'died in 1864, he
left aa widow and *' daughter Helen.
When Helen married Baron van.Zuy-
len de Nyevelt her share of her father's, fortune, which she brought with
her as' dowry,' was $70,000,000.
Baron Solomon's fortune was double
this, amount, and^his three brothers
and his sister, who married Baron Nathaniel of London, had equal amounts.
Thus the total fortune of the five in
18G4 was' nearly $800,000,000. As the
'four branches of the family are equally
rich its'aggregate wealth at that time"
must"have been $3,200,000,000, and that
is more .than forty-five years ago..    .
A recent bulletin'issued'by [the geological survey .department'Ottawa, contains", the • following .reference to; coal
deposits of Groundhog fountain at'tbe
head of the Skeena River.   /,- 7'', 7
,   Considerable interest has been manifested during, tbe past'season in* the
Groundhog Basin-'.which lies' at,, th©
head of Skeena"River.""'Probably 600
claims; have been" staked and ,several
groups'; of capitalists are .interested -in
the field.'    Mr".G. S. Mallock.'.who
spent the*, summer, investigating   the.
southern* end of the basln*on,behalf of
the geological""survey/"furnishes'- the"
following n6te's-on„thls"new,coal field.-
The coal measures so fa$ as known
have a northwestward "extent * of at~
least 70 mllesj and with si width at tho
southern end of 30 miles..
The, sediments have*a thickness of
upwards of 3,000 feet; but contain coal
in commercial quantities near the top
and bottom only, though there are few
thin seams' in the intermediate beds.
The   upper   horizon,   contains - seven
seams with thickness varying from 2
to 6 feet, and so far, as is known is-
limited to an* area of 20 square miles;
The lower horizon "contains at least
three seams 4 to, 6 feet thick and extends, over, most of the area occupied
by the coal measures;' ~ The coal- Is
anthracite, in'character.    Some of the
seams are high in.ash,'but from on©
of them some excellent analyses have
been,obtained. '** "       '    < .
v The basin* is   faulted considerably
and there are numerous'local -flexures
associated with,the faults.' '• The development of .a coal field, of this character
near-tho'Pacific Coast, would be    of
great importance to British Columbia,
It lies about 90 miles from*, tidewater,
at ■ Stewart, about 90 miles along a
possible route for a railway, and about'
150 miles from Hazelton on the Grand
Trunk Pacific.
'2!i,.Victoria Avenue.;
*" ■ ■ v. ■:• L'p;; Eckstein/v.y,-;.-
**>a 7-''7*' - 7.77-^ ••.',-77y ''7
• -•-   Barrlstei^at-Law, Sollelto'ri-^y
'7 7 '" ',.'"'"'"''. '.--.,.*c -7    -*'.;>y-.' •
F. C. Lawe
- Alex." I.-* Fisher.
Fernie, B.v C..
"L.   H.   PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor,, Notary Public, etc.
guickly,,'stops' coughs, cures colds.-
heal3 the throat and i ungs. 25 cents
A dangerous practice with „ some
shot-flrers in electric blasting, which
ought not,*to be allowed, is' the method -"of' inserting two 'detonators in
one charge"; one "detonator in the first
cartridge being placed in the shot-
hole, and one in'the primer. '' Assuming the detonator in the primer short-
circuited "and failed to explode thev
detonator, also assuming that dirt got
between the primer and cartridge in
pressing home, the detonator being
exploded, at the .back of the shot-
holo would forcibly blow out the cartridge -containing the detonator; the
cartridge would'get strewn amongst
the debris .which would be most dangerous to workmen. .'
Prom tho writer's practical experience in stemming shot-holes, to get
tho best posslblo results after inserting the charge, place about 2
inches of stiffish clap slightly tamped
next the explosive; nftor this 2 Inches
of old turf slightly tamp, and- thon"
complete tho stsmmlng with moulded
clap pellets. Tho stommlng of shot-
boles is of the utmost Importance, because tho safety to a certain oxtont
of ovory ono of tho permitted explosives, and othor explosives, doponds
upon the stemming bolng of such a
charactbr as to ensuro no blown-out
shotB; therefore, unless blown-out
shots can bo avoided, thoro is always
n risk exactly similar to that which
would happen If Bobbin Powder w.ib
flrod, Tho moat economical explo-
Blvo Ib that which, ln addition to
tlio greatest' degree of safety, pos-
b«hsos tho hlghoBt oxploslvo powor,
and that host suited to Its objoct.
MlRBod Bhots or shots that hnvo failed to oxplodo: A missed Bhot mny
ho caiiBod by using poor or dnmp
fiwo, or dnmp oxpIobIvob, or In olec-
Convention Call
For the Ninth Annual Convention
Dist. No. 18, U.M.W. of A.
verge fffoni^frie"71niss~_shot,' cliarge'dT
Before" firing, fasten missed shot de:
tonator. wires,,to7'the shot-firing cable,
then connect: up, and fire. ' „The
charge and- detonator of missed shot
should be looked for and- found, if
possible, before .proceeding further. ,
Drilling shot-holes' after a miss-fire"
requires every "possible care, so .that-
the, second shot-hole may not penetrate the miss-fire,, and come in contact with tho unexploded detonator,
which has often led to disastrous
One cannot make a hard and fast
rule where'to drill shot-holes in stono
drifting or blasting conl!, A workman has according to tho circum-
BinncoB to use judgment gained oy
practical experience.  * ,
The writer Is bf opinion that for i.
given explosive' the degroo of safoty
depends upon tho wolght of explosive
dotonated, togethor with external circumstances.. Therefore, tho Improvements In safety explosives
should bo directed to producing tho
maximum of powor at a tomporaturo
of detonation that, doos .not exceed
tho danger Huilt, nnd to regulating tho
Bhnttorlng powor so as to, attain n
definite measuro of safety, as thoro
still oxlsts for oyory oxploslvo a
limit, and lo regulating tho shattering power so as to attain a doflnito
measure of safoty, as there still oxlsis
for every oxploslvo a limit .of charge
boytind which tho Ignition of CH**, or
coal dust, If prosont, will occur,
Tho writer la vory muoh Indobted
to th% British Explosives Company,
Ltd,, Nobel'B Exploslvon Co,, Ltd,,
who vory kindly sont on show cases
ot dummy oxploslvos, fuses, otc, for
Inspection, showing tho mothod of In-
■sorting detonators, ordinary nnd oloc-
trio, and to convoy Ideas what tholr
explosives woro llko. nlao to Tho
Cotton Powder Compnny, Ltd., for In-
formation nnd special typo of pliers
for ubo In connection with tholr ox-
plonlvcB,—Solonco nnd Art of Mining.
,        '   TO FIND 10 HOUR, -   \
'.  y     o       .,    LAWS VIOLATIONS
.,, Scrubbing floors iri a.cheap.restaurant-for ten or eleven hours*a*day-'is
tlieTlatest-undertaking of"Miss/Zella7
Emerson, a young settlement worker
who-lias an income,of"$10,000 a.-year.
*-, Her .income, kept it from, being a
tragedy when she was discharged from
a local restaurant after four days' service for inefficiency. . *.''
Miss Emerson put in the Christmas
holidays as a sales girl In a department store.. Sho Is seeking to ascertain tho true conditions undor which
women work in Chicago and to find out
if tho ten-hour law is being violated.-
"It was awful," confessed Miss Em-'
erson'todny. "The, department store
'girl is lucky compared-*to her sister
wlio works tho whole dny on her kneo3,
creeping about tho dirty floors In amis
and slops. The condition of thoEO
poor women ls deplorable and tholr
pay Is pitifully small.. No American
girl wjll do tho work, All aro foreigners and can speak llttlo English."
. Miss Emorson's next experience will
probably bo in'.n factory. Whon sho
completes hor "detective work" Bhe
will mako affidavit boforo tho Superior
courts as to violation of tho ten-hour
law and as to working conditions undor
which womon aro forced to earn tholr
1       •.*     * r       ^  \        'f.
 ' U L '_    , t_^ **
,' - , '' «...     I"
r ( (    ^
Lunch ,
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very
Inviting       , ,
Just the place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
... > 'i
* *.ii»*' -
To Dm 1m:u\ VnU/iis hi "D'utli'U I No. IS, V. W\t \y, of A
VTT*    'V "1   T iiV"-
You nro hereby "notified Hint the Niim, Antl,in- Pnnvnnt,nM „. ^^ ^ „
A„ ^il! be held in tlie Lnbor Temple, Letlibn^  commencing nt 10 n.m., Monday, February 10th,
TT    IT    -IV        (•
Your delegate or delegatoi arc kindly r^1ICfitC(1 to oblftin ft RftUroad Ccrtificnte |n onIcr
that arrniigements may be made to got r«dHee(i  ra^C8>
Your attention is reapeetfully invited to Art,.: 7| SeCi 2 nnd 3| Dialrict Coiuititiition. which".
cxplninB matters pertaining to tho convention,
i it
W. B. POWELL, President
A. J. CA11TKR, Sec.-Tr<.88.
Wealth   of   Four Bmnohci   of   tho
Family Aggr«anted $3,200,000,000
In 1864
T-ONnnN—Th-*- w/iflH»i nf tht> l-Jotlis-
chlhlfl Is a frtHclnatlnn thomo for bpocu-
lutlon, but nccurncy Is difficult to nr>
,rlvo nt,
Tho fortunos of lho houso, na. Ii
m-U-known woro founded by tho
ItotliechiliiH who woro tho first In En*
Intul to ohmin tho notvs of tho i-ftttlo
of Wntorloo and profit by It on tho
Mark fxchnnRe. Tho recent death In
Pails of riaron Ountav recoils tho first
occasion on which tome Idea could bo
ohtnln<<l »g to wealth of tho firm.
Tlio. UUUih are parlne;*-, and the
bnnk has branchei In tondon, Ilerlln,
TaiU, Fuiiikl'ort nmi Vienna. Tho
French branch wm founded by H»ro»
Nutural and Artificial Aldt InvcatloatMl
by Sptolallcta
You'te often noticed how ravenously
heiithy children clamor for their meals
and how easily thoy dlgOBt meals that
would givo a good mnny of ub "grown*
upa" a horrlhlo attack of indigestion.
Now you contlnuo to Ret occasional at*
tacks of • indigestion without trying to
locate tho real cauno of tho trouble. -
In tiio case of healthy, romping child-
ten, through tho frosh nlr and tho ceaseless activity, rain or shine, tho salivary
processes aro constantly excited to a high
aotlvlty. Thoy haven't any (-renter
Aigcativo capnclty thnn wo nave, but
naturo pronorly prepares tho food for
tuy digestion./ That's tho way Naturs
intends it to bo done, and If wo lived
right wo would cravo and onjoy our food
just as much as any child.
For years you perhaps havo been
treating indigostion tho wrong way.
Stomnoh specialists have found out
that tho trouble is not always in the
stomach itsolf, but in tbo improper saliva*
tlon and preparation of lho food for
digestion. Tboy now treat indigestion
by nroduolng proper condition!] uc/ors
food reaches tho period of digestion, Just
tK» «,flv Vvn"""  TV*r«n«(<m Ton*1*  ••'♦•'
It work's on" the preparatory salivatory
proccw, excite* ii* activity, no liiAt, M
digcsljt nalurully—not •rliflcially.
This not only gives you comfort instead
of pain, but gives you what is far better,
a natural appetite for food that you
digest  nnd  assimilate  That's  whnt
, ,r >i 1    ii , ,• i       i, ,.,.i n. t.
ivWW.'.*^   >.Ut*   U.mMUU**.   MUI*   ^.Uu.4   *..«»*   ,4<.>..«,
on your bones.   .,
If you try this remedy ve know ydu
trill bo pleased. Nyal Remedies wa sincerely believe to be the best medlcln*
values offered. 17
For tialo ln Konuo and Quarameod by
Bar supplied .with tho best Wlnos,
Llqnorfl and Cigara «
Dining room in connection
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay!!»
Dr. de Van's Female PIHt
Ait3»l)iV'iuht*t*l*toftn**irUlU. Tittf
fill* ar* tiCMdls,rl*> pvwwtal Is rtf»!«U«# (U
H^tiW* M««w»a a4 im l*miVt aril-Mi. K4t«M
all cH«tp Imiutlaat. Or. *i* Vaa'i «r« eMd •<
1»»hjn.•'«>«• tor»J«, M»1WinttiytMmt-
TU» UfU\) I>to« Co., It. Caiharlaet, Ont.
Fer Sila at OI«aid«U'« Drug tur*.
Ledger Ads. Hslp your Silts
Nowhere In the Pass can he
found In such » display of
MMj    MM m
We have the best money
can buy ef Bssf. Perk, Mutton, Veaf, Poultry, Buttar,
Egos, Fish, "Imparator Hams
and Bueon" Lard, Bsusapes,
Walnars and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Caff la Co.
>■■     % * •*-
v     -     - -  -       M ^ L 1
,   A.-McDougall,1 Mgr !
-    '       J"*   '        * ^
7 v t   *        T   ^ •'•*"-
Manufacturers of;arid Deal-.
' ers in ail kinds of Rough -
-■■ yl  **   *■ t *
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
* \
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
,   Up-to-date
Call in pd
see us once
* '   i
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor'Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
- Gents' Furnishlnfi-s
Lizard Loeal Qsneral Teamstera No,
141. Meets eery Friday night at
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hall. \V.
A Wortlilngton, ProHldenti 15. J.
Good, Scerelnry,
Bartendera' Loeal Ne. 514: Moots 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. 8ecr*>
tnrv .>    A   Hrtilt-tlt   WaMnrf TTnli.**
GhMeuc Li**} Nt, &2U V. Af. W. A.
Mccta 2id and 41b Thursday "Miners
Union hall.    i"). Hook, Be-*.
Typographical Union No. SBSr Meets
lost Saturday In each mouth at the
■tjeUAt,* Dittu,    a, .>, uucK-ley, "Bee-
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C, Moets
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.4S p.m. Everybody welcome. D,
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer,
United firotherhc-od of Carpenters and
Jelnsrs*—Loral 1J10. D, J. Rvana,
President' F. H. Ubaw. Hecretary.
a   W.   WIDDOW80W. Aasay«r and
Ch«mtH. Itax O 11«SF N*l»«n,    n    C.
Clung*..—Uoid, Uibvtr, Utl t,r Itontw,
♦Ll*,    Trttaa tar «Hhrr mttatt: CtnaY,
r»m«nt. PlrscUy antlyscs on applies.
!^,a^*c5SSKJl*,<wlom Mtty •"'«• «■; DIfiTBICT LEDQ1&, fiaKIS,   B. C, JAJTUASFf^iMi
7'" - -
-.vw- • "7 -  - .-t . r '•■ y.--
"♦,■♦;•» ♦, ♦"♦. ♦'♦,♦' ♦.♦«
^♦7.'J"    ■.'■;:-..   •',-'      '-    'j7*-i     >-
yPer,, il Novesimo Annuale -
ConvehzioneDefDlstretto No.'
18,=*U.7Mv W. di 'America"7 ""* 7'
' * Fernie*,' Genriaio,"l912*
Saluti:".. ■',-.' ' .'/' -.*/. \-y*.
. Vol siete avvisati che'il No*-
♦ 'vesimor Annual© Convenzlo'nV
•4*7 del Dlstretto No. 18 U, M.-W...
♦ dl' -America;.   Sara', tonuta-
.♦. 'nella sala "del -lavoratori,"a'
♦ „ Lethbridge, comlncfando alle,
♦ . ore 10 a.m., Lunedl, Febbralo ■
♦ '19, 1912.'        -   7"  - 7 .-.-^
♦ II yostroDelegato ho pure
♦ del-egati Saranno prega'ti dl bt-',
♦ , t-enere un'certiflcato-ferrovla-
♦ rio In modo chest potrebbero i
♦ , arranglare Je' loro, tlchette ;a *
♦ > Reduzzlone.7 La voatra atten-"'
♦ ' zione sara^rlspettabilmente in-
♦ .- vitata all" "Artlcolo 7, Sezzione
♦ , 2 a. 3 alia Costituizldne del
♦., Dlstretto la quale vi-splegara'.
♦,: tutti' l'affarl appartenenti alia
♦ , Convenzlone. '.
♦..- :'y   ;-. "'.' W. B.* POWELL", '■*'
♦., .J" Presidente. '*
♦ 7 'A.-J. CARTER/'. 7
♦' .          *'  ' *. Sec.-Tresi
♦ ♦♦'♦, ♦"♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦♦'«-♦
-'■; ; 7   mini ere' infernali   ■ ",'-
7 Dei poveri minatorl, italiani,'austr'ia-,
* d e ..f'inlaudesl ,si recarouo* recente-
; mente a Culment, »iich.-,*in*cerca'di7-
'  fqrturia.   Vieeversa..'dovettero'spehd-
ere-circa1 $100 a testa'prima di poter
"ottenere lavoro nella"minierai C'erano
e vero,,altre minlere In cui'avrebbero
' '• doyuto pagare una tassaa ineno forte,
, . ma chi avrehbe "voluto -*mettersl   in
certe co'jidizloni d'inferiqrita, - rispetto
,-ai.priyilegiati' della mlniefa.'. .della for-
ituna?- ° TLe altre-miriiere* danno.una
.   paga inferiore-.evm'ettbno Vglovanotti'
Bella triste condizione di essere res-
■^plnti da tutte, le ragaisze a cui facciano
7propo8te'*,di,ma,trimonio. Perche e
7, proprio "cosi;** chi iayora'nella mlniera",
y&l Calumets puo sposare" qua'luiique
■ ragazzaj* crif lavora altrovo'e conda'n-
."nato al' celibate suo malgrado..., :.',"!
si 'potrehhe tagliare, col jjoltello., ,*.Si
possonb'sparare l cblpi aq^aluuque ora
I ,-minatori- e* carrettiori;, lavorano" in
due'-sciolte''; una s'ettimana "di gforho
'♦' e ™"*,.di ubHe.f .;,icawet'tieri.'fanno 28"
29 giornate" af mese, * e percepiscono
?2.43 al giorno.,'--La paga e meWie".
Devon'o caricare,12 q.13 carrialgiorno,
ed ogni'.carro 'contiene trV'tonnellate
di. material^. 7 - Dopo aver: carica'to i
carri dev'onq spingerli colle spalle (ilbu
cifsonb muli)'. firio al. pbsso ad'una'
distanz'a variantedagli 8007ai 1800,
pledi, devonovuotarll subitb e rient-
rare immediatainente, qualche «volta
senza,poter nemmeno,rifornir d'olio la
lampada. -.Le strade sono\cosi- hen
tenute.che i card deragllano regolar-,,
mente ogni 50 pledl. -L'altezza delle^
piazze va dailG'ai 30,piedl.. Chi e
stance di fare "il carrbttlore ed ha sem-
pre tenuto ". buona condotta," puo die-
tro versamento dl- clnquanta b sessan-
ta dollarl alia sollta .donna, ottenere
un'altra'occupazione nel termine dl
qualche mese. „  ',     *  ('.,7 ' .   7/
" Gl'Imbo'scatorl layorano sempre dl
glbrno ed anche la testa,'* Cosloche I
padri di famlglia d'inverno partono da
casa di' notte e .vl Vitbrnano di notte.
Perun'intle'ra staglone" non.possono
piu vede're I loro bambini desti.- .*
> Certi crumiri' rltornaiio a' casa. dal
lavoro, magiano'in fiirla un boccone, e
poiscappario nei salonl a giocare a chi
paga,jpiu da* here al boss.. .'
*;ChI si arrischia- di lagnarsi delle tas-
se pagate viene licenzia'to senza che
se' ne ,eappia il motlvo. ' '
- Vera'm'ente bra le tasse sa'rebbere ab-
olite ma i lavori vainio di malo in
peggio.'' . •',
• La miniera Tamaracli la" piu profbn-
da del mondo. conta 85 livolll. . Vi si
lavora undid ore e'mezza, senza nem*-
meno due minuti dl tregua per ingoi-
are un boccone. •' ,,.,.'
lo scrivo con completa cognisione di
causa perche fui speditb a Ciilamet
come un baule le dall'Italla,",  *
Oraho aperto gli occhi..    •'"*
.-, Npvinger,'Mo.—Anton Tomasi. ■*
• "Na dziewiata • Rocz'na^kbn^ -"*♦'
ywencye Dystryktu 18, ^jedn'o- .'♦
► :cronych- Gornikow 'w. Ay*y7r%V
-7- -Do miejscowych' unij wDis^' ♦
►..trykcie 18 Zjednoigbriycli!'';♦
►/gornibow *w Amer'yce. -'**." V'v ';♦'
7'. - Nlnjejszym zawiadamia* sie _;♦
•''ze dziewiata roczna"Konwen-*7-**v
', cy'a 'Dysjryktu 18, Z." gSwa •♦
-, A. ^odbedzie^ sie'. w" „Labbr^-*>;,.
■; Temple.'.'-Lethbridge, rozpbez----^
• '-.nie sie 0 10 tej r'ano' w''P6n-'-
• .^Iedzialek, 19 go Lutego/l912 -7"
*: v. Wasz .delegat lub' 'delega-.-
•- cipbstarac sie 'majar"kolejne ■
■ certyfikaty, azebymozna" uzy-■ •
■- skac  znizorie ceny na icole-V*
jach. ° 7  •'   •■. *     .
.Zwfaca sie uwage na arty- «
;. kol 7, Paragraf 2 1 3,'Dystryk-.-
♦,.-*.tu Konstytucyi, ktora'wyjasnl -
♦' w," sprawach 'odnpszacych sie* •>
♦] kbnwenyj. ,     ■ - -77 ;   ,|-',t"<
♦ -''      ' W. B. POWELL,'   7. <
♦ ' '.   *   *. ' Prezydent.   •<
♦ „'   "       .     A. J. CARTER,      7<
** S v   • .'' Sekretarz. 7*
...  -di-
*7Calumet bisbgna far 09 si; bispgna'rac-
*" cbman'darsi - ad un .amico perche' parli
;. ad una donna (ce n'e una per ogni na-
y "zione).7  La donna s'in'carlca,, dietro il
i .versamento della cohgrua somma. 'E
11 pbstulante non.potra.mai' avanzare'
71 pretese" ,d'i"; riaarclmento ''dl; danni '/in
■ caso di Hcenziamento, perche1 la'donna
* ,premurata pel, tramlto dollo rimlco/po-"
tra sempre dire dlnoncbnoBcere nem-
,  meno,il licenzlatb. , *,*'     .     . " ,
'   "SI incassa 11 denni-o^nm con arte, in-
_dlrettan-ente, nl riparo di, osnl torn-
,-   porale., .        ,   ,'     ,
, . Dopo un rhose e pl^ dnl .giorno del
.vpngamonto della tassa esosa, 'il mipa-
) tore vieno ammoBSo..'.:"al lavorl for-
zatl previa visitn"1 del'dottore dell'ospo-
(1 dale, cho dlchlarl, como nol ciisl dl leva
cho l'lndlvidub 0 snnb 0 robusto cd
ablle a'fnral ucclder«..v ....
- ( Dopo easei-o stnto esamlnato dal dot-
,. tore, dopo nvor fatto toetnmonto, II
mlnatoro e auto'rlzzato .ia v dlscondoro
-nolle-vlBcorb profond'o dolla' torrn, "a
•^Iccnro; per un pezzo ell .puno, ln propria oslstcnztt.
L'Ispottoro dollo minloro cho mangla
nollo stosso pintto della corapoRnln,
qunndo qualcuno nl nramnzzn, dlchlarn
Blstomiillcnmon (0 cho si trntta'dlun
nccldento Improvodlbllo. . IS la compagnla Ja passn fioinprollBcla.
Nolla mlnlora plu profonrta dol won-
do si comlnoln a dlscondoro alio 6 0
tnoziso'o si dlseondo slno alio 7 oRnl
mattina. ,ln ogni pozzo cl sono h-oI
"enfios" ed ogni "cnBo" porta 30 uoml-
nl. Dnllo profoiulltn si comlncln nd us-
drnc nlle 5 0 un quarto ill Hern, Lo
mlnldto Honoprofondo dnl DO nl 70
Hvolll 0 da un Hvollo all'altro non c'o
mono ill co'nto plodl, Nel Hottorrnnol
e'o un cnldo d'lnforo; II sinloro osce'
»  dnllo scorpe.    II fnmo dollu dlnnmlto
• Read what-,H.";Beswick ,has to say
of the English. railway clerks in the
London Clarion: ,7. - - 7.- -.' s\ "'."
"Of 70,000 or* more railway clerks
ir^,\the country only about"" 25,000 be-
lohg to; the Railway ..Clerks' Association.* ' And yet the lot,of the odd 45,-
000 cannot lie a happy one. - Nine out
-of:«very-tep railwa^clerROo"' i* ot re-
e'eive more than $400 perfyeaf, and in
the case of one.great company tbe
average salary of clerks, having anything,from five to forty-five years-of
service" is ?6.C8. *^ The average salar-
les bf 1,056 clerks between the ages
of 21 years and 60 years works "ont'at
$6.91.""' ''.■'.; '   , ■        -
- "It is'a pity these 45,000 black-coated, collar-and-cuffs railway workors do
not throw in their lot with their fel-
lows in tho'union',' for poverty is poverty, even when it is genteel; and enforced celibacy is a slight on their
manhood. Gentility can bo purchris-
od at too high' a price,"
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <► ♦ *. +. + +. + + +
Atsymdnjo-sla dowldomo-
sty wslm lolcalnm Dlstrlktii 18
U. M. W.,of A., szczo dnla
19ho lutoho 1912, roku skly-
ka]o sin rlcznu konwencyju.
Konwencyjft wldbiulo sla w
' Ulhbrldgo, Altn., w"„Labor
' Tomplo" w j)onogllok. 0 hod-,
ynl 10-tlj rnno. ■  Delognt ubo
dolognty mnjut postnraty sla
0 t«k zwnni ..Standard Certificate" aby mozna dlBluty tan-
ezyj tykyt na zellznycy.
Zwbi'tajo Bla uwnliu na pnra.
grnf 7-yJ toczlcy 2-3 w dystrik
towll konfitytucyl, n tam warn
wyjiisnyt czozo do konwon-
Proaldont, '<
Secretary ,
.  «1
List of Locals District 18
nnnM«««1  V. Whentlcy, Tinnklioml, Altn.
nonvor Crook  p. annitliion, lienvir Crook, via Plncliw
•-«,cvne, j, jjiirko, Oollovno, Kranlc, Altn.
Ulnlrmoro  n. J. Chnso, niiilimuro, Alln.
,»urnil» .' Jos.  DerbyHhlro, nurmlsi, Altn.
Cnrbondnle .T; Unnherry, Cnrbondnlo, Colomnn, Altn.
,,nrr',ff J- Pool*, CArfllff, Alia.
Cni1,nor<1  N. D. Thnclmk'; Cniuuorn, Alia.
50,f ^inn'' w- Qralinm. Coloman, Altn.
■: *** ""• •,    '*• «"«««», .1 ortiitt, H, V,
rMnnnl^llnc-:-. ..7 v.'*-. T^yll,  i.uUWUki Cl(>, AUa.
Dlnmond CHy  Albert Zak, Unmoiul VUy, LctbbrMso.
•' oni|o Thos. Uphill, ivrnto, II. <".
Frnnlr  n. Nlfo'. Tronic, Altn.
no8mer  W. nnldorstono, Hosmnr, B, C.
J'*tS'l*10  h- Mo0^ <01, Slvtconth St., North r.ethbrl<!tje.
11?i Co,,lor|e« Vntik DnrlnBliam. sco., via., Klpp. Alta,
L,ll°  W. L Evans, LUle, Frank, Alln
Maple Lear m. Olldsy, Mnplo Leaf, ndlcrue. AIU.
M,c"el  M. Durrell. Michel. B. 0.
Monarch Mine.... Horace Woodleld, Tnlwr, Alt'*
»*■ wburt Robt. Evans, ressbunr, Alls,
noyal View Thot B. fisw. Bf»v-.l (vnkiiM, uthbrttet, Altx
TtUr A. Patterson, Tnbw, Alii,
Taber...,, j. Cwper, Tsber, Alts.
lA&nmHh J, J. Taylor, Udj smith, B. C.
SnmerUnd ,, ly^f McWlntt, 8um«fU»d, B. C.
Wellington That. Hanoi. WVllln^ca, It C.
NsnJsmo... j«Ck Place, Nsnslnio, a C. "
Sledzac dzlsiejszy ruch socyaiisty-
czny i wrogow tegoz, to jest kapitalism
wnlp skuje, ze socyalizm dzisiejszy prz-
edwezesnie wchodzi w zycie codzienne.
Nie mam tutaj na niysll poteznego
"wzrostu sbcyalizmu. lecz, ze sbcyalizn"
przedwezeshie w, niek'torych miasta'ch
zwy'ciezyl ..czasowo" nie bedacdojrza-
lym jeszcze.p'lodem ludu roboczego..,
■ Nie jeden po'wie, jakto? przeclez z
kazdym rokiem.jestesmy. silniejsi i'za-
bieramy urzedy miast pod kbntrole so-
cyalistyczna. -. - , • f.
' Prawda", te'go nie zaprzecze, ze;p"rze-
szlo dwadziescia miast w Ameryce po-
siada socyallstycznych mayorow i mu-
sze'przyznac, ze;doskbnale rzadza po
owych miastach, starajac sie jak naj-
Viecej'ulzyc w biedzie, robociarzowi, a
ze zbyt daleko nle'postapili, zato ich
winic nie mozna, pbniewaz na kazdym
kro ku spptykaja sie,z przeciwzosciami.
ktore im'st'awiaja konstytucya panst-
wowa stanowa i ustawy miejskie.
Nie dawno czytalem w Dzienniku Lu
dowym b wielkim.wzroscie'socyalizmu
i ze kazdy czlonek ma zwolennikow,
czyli sympatykow.socalyizmu,.' Tutaj
wla sciwie zachodzi trudna kwestya z
owemi sympatykaml socyalizmu.
" Partya' socyalistyczn'a liczy obecnie
z gora sto tysiecy czlonkow*, czynnych,
lecz jest to liczbazbyt*szczupla,. na
nbczonych inigdy by. dbtychczas nie
potrafila-zwyciezyc nl'tez pozyskac
kontroli nad miastami,.ktore obecnie
znajduja sie^ w reklach socyallstycznych,*- poniewaz owe sto tyslecy. sa'
rozrzu'cone po calem terenie-amery-
k'anskim. ■- I tutaj,wlainle'odgrywaja
wlelka role owi Bympatycy socyalizmu.
Lecz na sympatykow partya socyali-
styczna nbsolutnie llczyc nie moze po-
riiewaz tacy lubla zmienlac front, sto-
sow* nie do okollcznoscl I czesto stajn
slo, wrogiem socyalizmu;" 7'
vOtoz owl sympatyoy przyczynlll sie
do zwyciestwa i .wyborow kllgunastu
mayorow I kllkudzieslcciu urzodnlkow
7. ramienia pnrtyi socyallstycznoj. Lecz
cl sami sympntycy moga sie przyczynlc
do sromotnoj kloskl' socynlistow    w
przyozlych wyboracli.-   Dlnczego: bo'
wlelu z nich zostnna zrnzenl rzndnrnl
BocyallstycznomI,    nlo    otrzynmwszy
tego; czego-socynliscl dbiccywnll prwd
wyboraml; wlelu z nlcli nlo pdtrafl oc
i onlo prncy socyallstycz'nej.    I wlnscl-
j wlo owl sympalycy bedn przyczynn, zo
I partya   Bocyallstyczna   znmalo   dnloj
jCwyciozac bcdzlo inusla la, zntrzymac
Jflio zo 8weml zwyclostwnml na Jakls
przoclng czasu,
Jodynym srodklom jost zgrnmndzlc
nnjwlokszn Hoho czlonkow pod sztand-
nrom Bocynllstycznym, nzo to trndno
przy chodzl tomu slo toz wcnle dzlwle
nlo moznna,
.'Nftsza prnca powlnna bye skuplona
w jodon punkt, a wlasclwlo, aby przysz-
In gonorncyn byla przokonnn socyal-
iBtycz nych. A chene to ticzynlc mu-
simy zawlmluau B/,kbluiiil }mbllcziioinl
to Jost Bwlatynlnml rozwoju' uniyelowo-
go I wpnjnc w przyw-lo pokolcnlo
prawdzlwa nnuko, a w ten sposol) pot-
rnflmy znblc owa zkiiIIIziio knpltullBty-
czna, ktora toczy zdrowy, rozum pro-
Cr.y nlo mojo praowldzenln zl«zcza
nlo wlom, I nlo zycsylbym Bnm Ioko,
lorz nlo saaikodKl przypomnloo To-
wnrzyszom zo diizi'nla iiiihzo bu 1, drog-l,
Nlo Jo»t to zlo, 7,0 maniyiHWOlcli jnnyo-
vow I urzwlnllcow po tnlstncli, Inez
dzlntw'n, na kiorej polr-Kn przyszlosc
Jost przcz nun opoKzezonu I izuconn 1111
pnstwo nnszych wrogow, ktorkzy wy-
twarznjn z nidi wro bow ludu robac-
y.a nlo mos-omy llczyc 1111 sympaty.
kow JcHt lo fnlitom. ktory mini mlojuco
w Lo« Aur*Io» potlczas oittatnlch wyborow nn ninvorn totro m(n«tn t*sw
Karrlmnna. Bwoja droi?a, zo do IcIoh-
hi, iahu iiouujHii mm Boeyalidcl prssy-
ayniU Mc bracia MrNamarowlu I syui-
patyty z^tnz .Me dotHTOclH od boc>iiI-
Istow.        ,
Czy McNumarowlfl wa wlnnl tub nt*-
rtinni, U'«c» iwj<-rii«i(t nl© ntojfnti I od-
dnjomy to tnjomnlco do rbzwlnianla
kwestyl czssu.
Przyp, H<«d. I-rzeclwi-tnwfonlo 100
tj'Blccy czlonkow Socialist Parly do
100 mlllonliv ludnosel lest nlQwlimolwr.
H* fl'/in-ir-h1 ^dno^zonycU J««t i^,
okolo IS mlllonow wybo»«ow, z ktory-
rh mtntnlm ratcm, iu iuWln»*j»/-*.
ittpul-UJiAnilai partya padlo 6300,000, a
na socyalUtAw 'pol mllicua. m«*;ct
tylko 13 1 pol rata mnlej, n nlo tyslac
raiy. W kim-arh reimWikanskleh tn*
» r«Iyi» k»*|a H4--ty &? uiMlwU) «W^
tm MtonVrtw, iftnn fo hyfre wUaU-
Doh't you believe that experlenceii
■better' than hearsay'? >' [ If you suffer
from pilqs, just^"try>sZam-Buk. -you
can do so atourexpen-s'e. So assured
are we of the result that we will send
you a free "trial-boxVif you send, to
our. Toron tb .offices - full* "name and,, ad-*
dress and, a one.cent;-stamp to, pay
return postage.. -777. ' '- 7y-
. Scores of'people'daily acquaint uo
with the benefit "''-thfly have derived
from the [use of Zam-Buk for piles'.
Mr. P. Astridge.-of 3 St.Taul St., St
Catharines, Ont'j says: "For five years
I have sufCered untold agony with protruding piles." -The."pain was so great
at times I would iilmo'st scream. '
. " I lost weight- and had no appetite;
I tried everything I .ever heard of for
piles, as I was .willing to take anything "to get relief. , It wa3'useless,
however, and I, almost gave np in
despair.   ""*,   1.  .   *> -'    """,
V One day a friend gave me a sample
of Zam-Buk aiid told me of a-friend
of his who had been cured. I decided'
to'try Zam-Buk,-and the relief I 'got
was encouraging. I used three box*a,
and at the" end of that time I -was com-
. pletely cured.- I wish I could have got
Zam'-OSuk" years, ago;.Ht'would have
saved.me a great,deal of misery."
Zam-Buk"willalso be found a sur-s
cure,-for. cold 6ores, chapped hande,
frost_ blte,7ulcera, blood-poison, varicose eores, ecalp sores, ringworm,'inflamed patches, babies'"eruptions and
chapped places, cuts, burns, bruises,
•and,akin Injuries generally. * All druggists arid stores sell-at'50c, box, or
post free from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto,
'upon receipt of price'.' You are warned
against harmful ■ imitations and substitutes. -.-) See the- registered f name,
".Ham-Bui,*; ori every -package,.        'r
wie" mozna porownywac z iczba 100,000
czlonkow w-Socialist Party.", :
,. • Z sympatykow, a t'raczej nlezdecy-
dowa* nych, wszystkie;' partye korzys-
taja',- a nawet.za pomoca ich czesto
decyduja.* "   .-,   "".   7
,■*' Nietylko zawladnac szkolami publlcz-
nemi,-jak.radzi R. Mueller, ale nawet
najmniejszego wplywu tam socyalisci
miec nie moga, do'poki nie zawladna ad-
ministracya miast. ", Zatem ,S. P. ze
wzgle du na szcz'uple srodld, dziala
wcale dobrze. -  *
Unemployment: .During November,
1911, 2-6-10 ' per cent, of the British
trade unionists. were. out of employment, as against -2 per, cent in November;. 19107 •■;'•'      ,
- Miners: The'total number of persons employed at mines and quarries
in the United,'Kingdom during 1910
was 1,163,920/of whom 1,300 accidents,
occurred in'the" mines and quarries, by.
which ' 1,902'- persons ..lost their Uvea.
Good results have come about through
the various*Ufe-aaving measures_tha't_
7 The dwindling visible ,coal-'supplies
of the world are engaging the attention"
bf theVgoyernments of-mbst countries
where-coal, is-found! Sir William
Ramsay, the English scientist, startled the British Association some wceks
agbtby saying in his presidential address that the coal' supply in the United 'Kingdom would not last 175 years
if the ,wasteful„use of material is not
promptly,;checked": ..    ' 7
The German technical journal Kohle
und. Ezt; which, has made a general
survey'bf the wordl's coal production,
states that, barring the United States',
ahd,.perhap8.North China, Germany Is
stilL,,the richest .coal-bearjng country.
America, .with it's huge .production of
nearly half a millia"rd tons a-year, is,
it says, rapidly approaching exhaustion
and the same may,be said of tlie coal
fields in the United, Kingdom, where
the production is also high and must
end in the giving out bf the supply in
160 to 200 years, at all events in-the
North of .England, Northumberland
and Durham. The other/ English
sources may last'half a century'longer.
The first mines that will navo to
close down will be those of central
France, and Bohemia, which only have
100 years*more to live. Tho north
of France and the Saarbrucken baBin
in western Germany come next with
a life, of .between 400 and 500 years.
Still beter situated are the Belgian and,.
JWestphallan coal regions and the fields
in 'the Austrian and Russian. parts' of
Upper Sellsla, which may" reckon on'
an uninterrupted output for the next
800 years.
Prussian Silesia is safe for another
1,000 years or .- more." - Nature has
made here vast deposits of pure carhon
with lodes'"of an,average thickness of
40 feet. 'Some of them are 60 feet
thick, so that coal consumers may take
heart of grace.   -.. 7 7
7    \,y V.V-V ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manaoer        .:
capita^■ -Mo,oo6,6qo>_y___    rest;-f $8,000,000
Every branch of The Canaduu, Bank of Commerce is equipped to iuue dn&a am
tbe principal ctttea ta the following coontriw without delay:        '    "
A ffi£    ■  *.':SS?-       . S™«».* .      ***£**
Arabia - Cafe*
Argentine Rcp«tbiic Daamaik'
Australia Bcyyt
Austria.Uua(a'7 Faroe Uaaat
Belfiuai Ralaai
Brazil r Sanaoai
Bulrana . Knao*   -- jam
Ceylon      • .,   ' PVeh Codjk China
Ptnia    .
p*^ier*****^ t-*»-jt
South Africa'
Spain .
Stnita Settlesuala
Switzerland   ,
Unites State*   , *
Wait Indm, ate
of the country -where they are pay-
Cliili      .,    . . Garmanr Mand»>fa
China ■    -> Great Britain Uextco
The amount of these drafts'ia atated in thei i	
able; that ,s they are dram in «teriinf, franc*, wuutta. Ure, kronen, florins, Ven,
Uels, roubles, etc., as the case may be. This ensures that the payee abroad wffl
receive the actual amouat intended. 'ASM
FERNIE  BRANCH  .     _      ■       . UA. s. DMK  Manager;
have been adopted and applied in the
mines,since 1855. ■■ A steady decrease
in the percentage of loss of life has
been the result.. In-1855, out of every'
1,000 persons employed in the mines, a
percentage-ofy-3-1 Oidst their lives
through accidents.- "In 1910 this percentage-was' reduced'to 1 4-10 per cent.
Trade Disputes:' During November
60 new trade disputes occurred, involving 10,051- persons. During the 11
months ' period between January-and
November, 1911, 781 trade dispute's had
occurred,. Involving 737,520 persons.
Most of these disputes were, settled In
favor of the employes.
Settlements": The miners of "Odd-
lng'ton and "Bristol obtained new agreements, with, nn average, of 2-V6 per
cont Increase in prices, Tlio engineering trades at Birmingham secured nn
increnso of 25 "cents por week to all
ovor 16 yoars of ago, and 2% per cent
Incroaso to piece workors. Textile
workors of Manchester secured 5 per
cont Increase. Rollins mill mon at
Barrow obtained 2Vi per cont increase.
Engineering nnd -Blilp building trades
nt MnnchoHter, Derby, Bristol, South-
atnpton and Bplfast secured Increases
ranging from' 2D cents to 50 cents por
wook on day rates, and 5 per cont on
ploco rates; reducing tlielr tlmo ono
hour por week, tho uniform week now
bolnft 53 hours. Rloctrotypors and
sterootypors of London secured an In-
cronso of $1 por week, tlio rato rising
from $10 to'$11 a week." Tlio dock
lnboroi-B nt Plymouth established n
minimum of lflo. per hour, and Mali.
IlBhod Rl'lipurH asm uniform working
Co-operative  8ocletlon:   Tho   totnl
BnloB for tlio third rjuiirtor of tho yonr
nmoni? (ho co-opprntlvo hocIoIIoh nm-
ountod to $55,303,0-15, an IncronHo of r>
!>er cent ovor ono yonr ngo, und nn In-
croiiHO of 20 |x*r cent nvor thn Hnmo
porlod flvo yenrn ngo.    Tho produi tlvo
di*pnrtm**nt of tlio ro-op^rntlvo soclot-'
Ioh Incrcni-Ad 37 por cont over lho pro-!
iluclloii of flvo ycni'H iijjo.     Tlio total |
vnluo of production for ilio third rumr. j
tor of 1011 amounted io $ll,-l(3,l(50,    j
Hradford-TI.-t M-iioith irouble whlrh
linfl (kveloiiud ov«r tlio iiuchiIoii «>r non
uiilonlHts hns sprpud to tlm wool tradf.
Two thou-innil rombr-rs nro out
Ntrlko nnd n lookout of 12,000 employes
Is ox ported.
*,*■ Economic determinism produces
some peculiar results. Dia you ever
think it would make a Catholic paper.
speak well'of the Socialists? L'Ac-
tion Sociale, the clerical "daily of Quebec'City, In its issue of Dec. 30th last,
publishes an article*by J. Saint-Amand
showing how the,Socialists are better
than.the Free Masons who' are alleged
to govern France and who are reach-'
ing out to govern other countries. It
shows', how in Belgium, in France, In
Italy and' elsewhere, the Socialists do
not stand .in-with „ the anti-Catholic
Free Masons,ftiut'.*fight them. This'
author sees that*Socialfsm will give religious freedom? It is indeed a strange
freak' when, triumphant bourgeois capitalism attacking'the Catholic Church
forces that church to reach out a hand
which "aims at" the .abolition of all exploitation—Cotton's '.Weekly.
This "With Home Rule and Other Subjects May Force British'Election  '
7 Again ^
LONDON, ian. 1C—Talk is reviving
in' connection with a possible general
election this year/ in consequence1 of
the admitted differences among Ihe
mombors of iho. cabinet. On tho question of woman suffrngo, together with
governmental'defeats at. recent hy-
elections, and tho difficulties besetting lho ministers framing a monsiiro
of Home Itulo which shall.be' nccrpt.
ablo to the'Irish Nationalists.
Insurance .business ngalnsl'tho ro-
cuiTonco'of fi gonornl election is Increasing at Lloyd's and today tho rule
jumped up to 31V£, compared with 1216
per cent last weolc.
Capital   Paid   Up    | 2,750,600
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,2*50,000
Total Assets 40,000,000
Many a fortune can be traced back .
to the'1'day its. owner deported tho „
first dollar in a Saving Account.
„ The one dollar affords, an  incen-
. tlve to deposit more—and, as 'interest Is added to;principal,'the'small
sum grows more and more rapidly,
until it finally becomes a competence.
'" One Dollar will start an account
with the'Bank of,Hamilton.
"" J. R. SLOAN Agent,.Fernie.
Head Office:
by any
If there is money owing to
person, -or firm, in Canada, or
States, make, put a draft against them and en-'
trust it to .the Home Bank for Collection.
1 The draft "will j&e' promptly presented for payment and the amount collectecl, will be paid
to you. without delay. The Home Bank lias
Branches' and' Connections throughout Canada
and correspondents everywhere in the United'
States.  * '   .      ' .' •       ,   - "
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager.
Branches and connections'
throughout Canada
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ....
D. R.
Tho Trade Gazette,' Issued hy tlio
Wostflrn Cnnndn Publishing Company,
Calgary, takes exception to tho fiction*
of n Calgary lergyrnnn, who from the
pulpit condemned Western real flsiule
methods, nnd tho Iss-iio of Jnnunry Mil
contnlns nn IntorpsllnB nrtlfl.j on tlil**,
Tho IiIkIi . r-i-Ji^H |*r<!VHli'.i.« in i|io
Most'nro tho subjoct of nnotlior In-
t'-TPBtlng nrtlclo, "The riit.iic of Al-
liorln," lho "Tolflphono SM,lcm," mill
tho formntlon of n Mnrolnnt^ IToipc
the, Asaoclatlon nro iilso donll villi,
TI«(*ho nrtlclos, nlong wllh i\ hti,' riIbI
of trado Informal Inn, mnitn the hmm
on<> of iimiiuinl'IntoroRt, iNhhoh mny
ho lind from tho ofO-* nf imhllrnllr-n,
6,000,000       Capital   Paid   Up      5,996,900
■t       '5,996,900       Total Assets       72,000,000
WILKIE, President HON.' ROOT JAFFRAY, VIce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
Revdlstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
Is now occupying a great deal of
nttoutlon.    It's a good thing.
is getting bo Bcarco thnt- somu
dealers do not havo nny at "nil
We havo plenty, however. Wo
mako n speciality of linndllvt-?
only hlgh-Rrndo stuff, which,
wIho dealers will tell you, Ih
really tho choapoHt.
OrriCK nnd YARD,  MCPHCRSON  AVC, OPP, G. N.  DEPOT,   rEltNfl
, I.ONno.V, .Inn. ir,.—Tho Home linln
exclti-nieiit U kiowIiir In ||-->|nud, pin-
Menially*in Unionist ulstor, wlicio a
on |\luorouH (itinpiilidi U In proKicHt In
lho hopf- of rrenthiR rontliiKUil. In Hiik- :
, lnnd nKnlnxl tho promlKcd bill of (lie
I Ao'l'l'Ml  nt(nl'-frv ft   tt< n'-wrrli-.,} *!-..,■  '
I llio bill will bn Inf rnrturoil In tho ]mw>
j or "•oriinioiu* In March, hut tho plum-'
jwiikfi tho rnlottintH rontrmjilnti) will,
And Noihlnct: but tho Bout In Fresh
and Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smokod FIch, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to
'Imfl JC
i »\tim
(Ko«-ii (lie --KlKttlun fur into tho Hiirim;,
nro al Hlunti of t|m „)•„*<.«- 1>Hiir rloRB. \'!^'^ ,,flmon",rD,lon ,H «'W
•fit tn Aurll. SNh<-n Andrr-.v Horinr Inn
llio rnlo-ji-il (tailor III tlm hriilha of
Commnnit. will ntftko nn nddn'BK nt n
"trnlonlHt rnlly In Ilelirnst,
tlve nnd tho Htom.uh U -noak from un-
dlRDHtcd food nnd foul kahos.,
tho Rronl fruit renwdy, will mnko you
fee! llko n now iMnon. •;'
A<«*r tsklnR fhrco boxes of yonr Mr j lift r,f iho vlvm of tho farmer* nf
I'tlU Uti »U>u..t«li iiixl IU*-r trouble* n\Vo*tcrn Canada hm bpon undorlnV-'ii
tM strong and well and nble to do my In no umwtAln way by tlm Internv
o*n work.—Mm. A. H. Sauliw. uo«l r«t,jEr<oi» of Fsrtn W'omtv. whUb
Sold nt nil doaMm, In 25 ami 80 cent ha« oi»'ii«d lt« h««iIqnarU-ra In M-
'•Aomf'ii worUorn lu psuih* of Ihe lailtid-
ii«*h,    Jn .N'l-w /.<'.■*):iml ,*i JmiuiJry iH n
tit-'liit to oli'Viito lho wlfo in llio mil-
..*,->• of nlmoH. Hlinory In hor houM-hold , fm.,n    wI|h|n ,|l(t ,
work io tin; tiohk-r jtui (ios*.« of llfo, to i
,th«> fri'vilum from raro nnd worry and :,or,M '"''■ m " 0*,"r",,1 lo « '««-"
J tho enjoyment of tht* hcj.1 thoro Ih In j "i»•**'•■' «h»« ho wild *t-ttlti tho dil'fl-
•llfo IhrouKh IntrodiicltiK modorn ino-|n,,,>* of ,,,1h Chlii«***t unn|n tltlun by
'Hindu nnd Imfilomonr-* thnt n/no In-*1** ,<'■'•, nrnonrtmoni In Iho Inlorprotn-
.1nn.~-Th<i ii|''-t,or and monoy and tend io longevity. |lJ<"' thiuwof tho a«t aliuvom<fiitlun«il.
'An nmr-ndrnf-ni -wuj-. ihoroftiro. draflod
■and j>!iT)tod nnd mm v>Jil,> llio utmost
  S wrlounnoii-4 ,nnd Rood faltli   to   th*
. "      " (<iw«ii Jsw uttha tor «*o»«li|traiion; Jl
New T^alar.^J not lone   »«»   found I rontalr.-«.| a -iravUIan In thc»c worda:
..    . .    »«•> .......
bow-a or mall-ftd by Tho Fl*-* nu Co., MMdeo. whoro tho aov«mh annual In* hlmi Iho Chlm-ro wero iloliia- u wry |Kor lU|t«ir|MHAortblaart (lho factor-
Si. 7UUM. Odt. 3oJ4 In r«rr.ie at unwtionaJ nry-F*rmln|- Con«re«» will t!»*«;«> proportion of th-* laundry worStfic* atti. a Chlaatnan thatl Im dwmo*
lULcAua Dvuii und Ikwl". 3U-K*. Iw, Mb, th*. Jl-'Ji.    U \t profonfit «• ji*i»t hart th-own mit olotuploymont th«)tn bo n nlr! undor IS jcaraoE bk« "-'«h "-..•--
rt 0-
Y -        °
I.I ,
aj." oo
I*: '
I      -1
I'll' «
■ \ * - .'-
j  ...V*--'   . -.-
*fl   --...a ~
VI  -
:.J.s-*.. v;„
;  "7      .      '.  '-^j,:tV  &J-* '  J      .-_    y. •***"- ■;***'V'-'.     *-    ■    ,>   v
THE DISTMOT" mg^^XBBm/r^^llOTiBT 27,1912
- "7 i i
■ 7*7
*.■:.' ? :*•'.'■' *•■ 7;\-;>>7-'y7^.7:>7^'77 7:-'7yA;-^y 7 yyvy
Extra^Miri^ry^0fifermg^for theyW^efelt
The popularity of our Stock-Taking Sale is being
daily demonstrated. In addition to the already
advertised lines, we have added the. following :-—
Regular values to' $2.00; Sale Price .*. v...   $1.25
Regular $2.25 Values; Sale Price .:......   $1.35
Regular -$2.75 Values; Sale Price    $1.90
Regular $3.25 Values; Sale Price ......... ' $2.25
"Women's Black Sateen Drawers; Regular $1.00
quality for 75c. " -, ',.   «
, "Women's Flannelette Drawers, grey or white,
Silk Embroidered, $1.00 quality; Sale "Price 75c.
"Women's "White Flannelette Drawers, 90c .quality, for 60c. -
"Women's Flannelette 'Drawers',' in plain colors
' and stripes, 50c, 65c, and 75c. values; Sale Price,
35c. and 45c. <
-Another lot of Girls' Flannelette,Night Gowns,
for ages 6 to 14 years; prices 50c, 60c, and 65c
Only FOUR of those $2.50 Knitted Petticoats;
the price is now $1.65. y
•' .   KWOMEN'S RAIN COATS ,   n
Gabardine Coats, a thorough waterproof, without
* rubber. "  Regular value $17.00.     Sale Price $9.75
to $10.75.     / ,        7-  .    ,   "        '.-
. Rubberized Coats,, in dark and medium .'colors;
sizes,to 38 bust. Regular values to $20.00. Sale
Price ,$8.75, $9.75, $10.75.. \,-.        -
'* At 25c*.yAnother lot of those "Toque's";" plain ahcl
fancy colors.'   Nothing,more comfortable-for the
" children.*'    Sale-price 25c- •   ■        -   -    ■- . -
••..."'     y ', '-Y "7 ' •'   '■
Coat Sweaters for ages from 2 years up; the-right
" gdrment for boy or girl." , Sale-price 75c.,'.$1.00
and $1.25. '   °     .    ,
,     \    *" *
These are interesting items for close buyers; take
advantage of these specials and save from 25 to
50 per cent.
'..   "We now have-a stock of heavy-weight "King of ,;
the Road'! Overalls.    'This line has-been "sold re-'
gularly-at,r$l:25 pair (plain-blue bib)V,7Special at.\7
'.-90c. ly * \        ■   ■ _,;,;._"".' '.';•_;'_:.'y'^
r *■"" >. l^.1^''1,l"""■,
.Here's your chance.for heavy-weight    Brown
7Duck Overall pants; double fronts to knee7 - Regular value $1.75; Special $1.00-
*   We have another snap'in Black-Pant ..Overalls; •
-* - , -1 <t      -.
medium weight (union made), has-two hip pockets.
\To be cleared at'75c. pr. V      .    7
Special Clearance
..'  7 . «'7   "  J   j, <".    " ;'.\y: -'■'."" 7* y'r   ' 7: .J..
See Window   for   Display
and Sale Prices     i
Jap Oranges, per .box;;"... ;  .. -...   .60
Navel Oranges, per case <.7 ;. .$3.25
.•  Navel Oranges, per half case ....,;'. .*-*.... t. • $1.65 *
Navel Oranges, per doz .........'....    .25 to .50
Ammonia'; pt. bottle, 2 for '.......:'.■.'.....'., .25 ;
Gold Standard Baking Powder, 12 oz. 7 ...'. - .15
1» Gold Standard Baking Powder, 5lb.'..7 7.......65
Molasses, Snap Biscuits, 2 lbs. for V. ;25
Reception Wafers, 2'lb.'tins. ..... 7;...'. ---..,. 25
,   2 inl'Shoe Blacking, 3 !foi; ..,.7...    .25
* Black. Jack Stove Polish, per .tin ........... -10
'    Buffalo.Rolled Oats, 4 lb', pkgs., 2 for .. .v.: 7   .25
Post Toasties and Corn Flakes, 3 for .. 7. . .25.
Robin Hood,Oats, 5 lb. Pkgs. with china 7 ...- ' .25i
>' Cocoanut, per lb. ' ....<*..*.".    .25
' Cream Candy, per lb  7...    .15
0- Lowney's Chocolate Creams, per lb...'.. ■ .30"
Cowan's and Baker'e Cocoa, % lb. tins . .*..... •• .25
Cowan'sNand Baker's Unsweetened Choco-_7
'. late,'y2.lb. .;.:... ..:'..  ••••• - - y -25
"     Noel's Preserved' Fruit, per .bottle ...K.\.. *.':_, ''y. 50
"Blueberries; 2.1b. tins, 2 for '. . j ... 7 .*. 25,
Red and Black'Currants, 2 lb. tin, 3for'... —' .25
•Sovereign Sliced Pineapple,' 2 lb. tin ... ,'*. VS..^ :15
' Buckwheat .Flour, 2 lb. pkges, 2 for .' -... .25 '.
Chicken^Vheat, 100lbs.-..'...:......;..;..   $1.50 ,;
Honey, 1 lb.'comb, 2 for .*.... —'"....... *• .45 ■:
Lard, 3Jb. tin. -.•-••-, v^,,
Lamp Glasses,-A and B sizes, 3 for .........."' .25
Royal Crown Lye, per tin.-....;........'... • - ' -10
Mixed Nuts, per lb.--.:.,.-.,-. '.* -... v- .. ' -20
Colombo Olive Oil, %sg8l. tins ... .u......'.   $1.25y
, Queen Quality Pickles, 20' oz., sour or chow    .25'
.Queen" Quality Pickles, 20 oz., sweet and   ■
onions ..'.';.. . . 7 .'  ..    .30
-Alymer'sPork and Beans, i lb. tins,'4 for . ..* .25.'
Durham, Corn Starch, 3 for ...-.'.*,   .25 '*
Salt, 3, lb.'bagsi 4 for ...' ,7 .,...-..   !.25 .
„Black Pepper,' 14 oz.-pkgs, 3 for '. .".. .*   .25 ..
H. and P«. Sauce, 1/2 pts :;..'... .\.". - j -;• -, ^20
Golden'Syrup/S.lb.tins ........"... ;..*..-..... 7, .25
BlueRibbonTea; 1 lb.pkgs.7 '.V..7;'7* .35.- :*
-Turnips, 15 lbs." for ..." .7 .'.*.. .7 .. '    .25'
"Carrots,* 12-jbs:for7 ;.. 1......... -.-...:". :\i.'.*   -25
Coat Sweaters, regular $4".50; Special......   $3.00.
Coat Sweaters,'regular^$2.25;' Special ...'...   $1.50'- -
Men's Plain Black Sweaters, regular $2.00; Special, ;
'$1.00.    : *] '   *   v5   y .-'   7r" v.": "y'
■ .* -     -     7        „.       7       , " .7.      " -   % •*>
Men's open-neck Sweaters; regular, ,$2.75 -^Special.
7 $2.00 f' .      , [ ' -.;'
"  'Boys', high-neck," open-neck and .Coat' Sweaters at' ,-
prices to clear.        7     , 7 .       "7 . .7**" -  .-•-;-
• , .. ,f      . .    '•  *.:„i-     ...
Men's Leckie Boots }
Men's heavy Tan Winter Calf Boots £10,12, and
14'inch tops),' with straps and buckles;   regular -
$7.00; Special-$5.00 :-      7  _ f /■.*"- '*,
*    Men's heavy Black\ Crome"Boots,-, top7outside,,
counter,'all lace; regular $5.00 -Special $3.00;   ,7;,*
■ Men's heavy Black Crome'Shoes, outside count-,
; ers ^regular $3.00";- Special $2.25., Q'     / '7 -
'   Ladies'Shoes, regular $4:50; Special $3.50"
;   Ladies'.Shoes, regular $2.00; Special $1.40. -S.y
1 \\
On Tuesday evening last about 11.30
o'clock the fir© brigade was busy trying to extinguish the fire at the residence of Robert Wright in "West
Fernie. The building is a total wrecjc
but tho brigade were successful in
keeping the fire from spreading to,tho
adjacent buildings. - We understand
tho premises was insured for $1,000.00
and the contents therein for $250	
.....■'.■* 1. ...J1
Here and There
Commencing Monday, February 5th,
and lasting for one week, Joanne Pus-
sell and company will occupy the
boards of tho Gvairl Theatre wKh IiIrI;
class dramas and comedies. Tho
plays to bo produced aro "Tho Thief,"
"The Dovil," "Tho Married Man," "Tho
American Girl," "Tlie. Half-breed,"
and "Tho Man From Homo,'
Conditions In-Lawrence are Very Bad
and No .Chance of Settlement
Clot tho Isis Hnblt!
An advortlsomonl. ln the "Lodger Is
safo luvostment,
THE 1818
Don't, fo'i'gol to attend tho hockoy
matches  on   Monday  aud  Thursday
Mr. A. Macnoll, foiirrlRtor, Into of
AtitlgonlBli, N, 8., linn bocomo hhho-
clntod with Mr. h. V. IScUmolii In lho
practice of tho logul profonBlou In HiIh
We lonrn (JhhI; boforo going to
proBB) of tho doa'fh of Arohlo Mnokon>
7.I0 llrown, clerk In WoU-Hii't- Uriitf
Htom, wlii-h took i»hu*o onrly thlK
Tlio pictures shown during tho week
havo boon well up to tho high -standard.
Crowded houses wltnoBBod tho beautiful films of "Lobi In tho Jungle," the
Dolhl Durbar, For Friday and Saturday of thlB week "From tho Dottom
of tho 80a" is on tho programme, and
Judging from lho reception It received ln larger oltles It is bound to attract largo mid Ion con horo. Manager
Mlllor l» uIhq Intent upon showing
Fornlellofl vIowb of othor Cnnnillnn
oil km, and on WodnoBilay nnd Thurn-
dny nlghtB will glvo im a good InHlght,
of tho progrnBHlve city of Udmonton,
tlio capital of Alborta, For thoso
nlghtB lie linn also booked a hlgh-clasH
viuiilcrvlllo turn, Jack and Dixie Val-
more, trick plnnlfltn, slngorci, comeil-
lanB and mlmmlcB.
LAWRENCE," Mass.,'Jan. 23.--13read
riots started today. Hungry men and
women mobbed the broad and "milk,
wagons" and took provisions to1, keep
them from starving. The -strikers have
exhausted their savings, and "most of
them are in direst want. Mobs led
by women repeatedly struck the1 drivers. ' Buslnoss is nt a standstill, and
tho local merchants foar their stores
will be raided.
Joseph latter, the Btrlko leader, reiterated that tho only basis of a settlo-
niont was the grnnlng of tholr demands and the Impossibility of n compromise. Soldiers wero called to
guard tho removal by tho flro companies of a supply of omorgoncy dynamite, aB It was foarotl It would bo seized by .tho strikers. Extra guards
woro i*ut In tho mills today whon tho
strikebreakers woro paid and some of
tho strlkors rocolvod back-pay. Nono
of thoso paid woro allowed on tho mill
property, but their envelopes woro
panned through tho gratod windows ln
tho big gates. - '
Tho "Victoria (iov«>riuncnt of AukIiii-
llu Is urningliig for an exciii'Blou of
farmer1- from this country to slnrt
from Him FrnnciHco on April if.   j-'ur-
li'icr pai'iVuiufa «.u(i  Jju \\i\\\ /iwiil   \X.
M. Dickon.
•••••••••••1H^*^^H^^^**»*»**** * kkkkkk k*********+i
-t .
• t '
• t
-t .
■ c ,
• (
• 1
■ <
■ t  '
■<   ,!
• i
■c •
• t
• 1.
• (
■ t.
- -t
• t
• c
• t
Where Rail Meets
l 1 ' *!
Western Canada's Great Northern City
Tho weekly practice for tho enntnta
ontltlod "Under tho rnlmB"|1wlIl tw
llt'lrt  111  111" tnUim)ifW)lu 0(  iuvj  Ji»ttiii\y
illHt Church on Tuenday ovenlng at
7.30 »harp. W. M,. Dickon choir
loador, 1
A vory BijccoHBful cwnlvnl was held
at tho Wnk on Tu-eeday night, th*
ronuU of which was that aomo twenty
(loIUt» w-itb lauded to tho Town Daud
by tho manageiTienL Tho.prito winners wcr* «« follow*: FIrat IMlcm'
Prlw>, Ploponco Laldloy rmdfnn Qlrl);
Flmt Comic Gentlemen'* pri*e, Ray
.KIrkpatrkk (tramp); best gentleman"*
coatuuac, N McUcan (Jfcohlotophct^t);
boya' eolme, Burnett Bombrldgo
At tho Rink on Thursday night tho
Fornlo boys gnvo a grand exhibition of
how Uiu giuno Hliouid bu pi.iycii ami
mu:cc«dcil In putting tt across Frank
to tho extent of 13 to C.
Line up:
homo team
will play DIafrniorc, and on Thur-3-
day, February 1, Cranbrook, both K;am-
«• In thia city.
On Monday
c. point
r. wing
I. wing
night tho
8he It to Lecture on Socialism nnd Woman Suffrage to Canadian*
'-    And Americans
Tho CountoHH of Warwick, tho well
known SoclallBt In DrltlHli Bocloty, him
boon nskoil to mnko a locturo tour
through tho United States nnd Cannda,
nnd It Ih bellovod thnt flho will accept.
The horlcK will conslBt of lectures In
forty cltlos of tho Dominion and tho
llopubllc, ntnrtlng probably at lloRlon
or Lowell, MnflBftchiiBOttB, and going
llivough to San Francisco and Vancouvor.
After fulfilling several ongngewiontfl
111 Uiu rv.mCuili al.Uvn, tuo couiKcot.
niJJ j.'jvA-'jIOj' i;n j-ojDi lo Twci-lo
Hamilton, Montreal nnd Ottawa. Sho
will talk chiefly on stato socialism and
womnn auffrngo, two anbJortR of which
Bhe Ib nn ardent ndvocato,
Curlers am going strong theso days.
The link baa be«n divided Into two
fl'^'form ttn'rf c^mp^Mtfon fit Ir/vm, fto
far Kastner won oat In tho first section and Grant In lho otlvor.
On Wednesday ovenlng at tho Methodist Church, MIbb Maud Tyson nnd
Cecil J, Mlnton wero united In tho
ImnfN'of matrimony hy t\tiv. J. F. Dfm-
mlclc After tho ceremony a reception
ttim held nt Mr ami Mrs Mlnton'u new
home on Victoria Ave., when a numbor
of frlonds gathered to congratulate tho
happy couple. Many useful presents
were received.
Tton't forgot, to h** "At. thn Jtflttom
of the Sea" al tho Isis on Friday and
- Now Cities always mean new fortunes to thoso •■
who aro forttmato enough to got in at tho beginning.' Tho beginning of things is always tho time
to malco monoy. In opening np tho great Northern
.part of- Westoni Canada, known as tho Peace River
Country, thero aro most certain to be ono or two
largo cities. Cities aro always placed whero Nature and tho railroad havo decided their location.
Tho.Canadian Northern Railway witli thoir usual
characteristic foresight have chosen Athabasca
Landing as a central point in tho notwork of railways oponing up tho North of Alborta. Thoy havo
chosen this point, becauso, owing to its stratagotical
position it is tho point whoro "Rail mopts Sail,"
there beng 3000 miles of navigable water with additional advantages of natural gas and coal, nnd
largo timber limits along tho rivers which already
gives employment to largo numbers of men.
Gateway Heights
Athabasca   Landing '
Uatcwny itoights is uuituiiiuiiy iociiiuu, ut-cuj^-
ing a eommtuuiiug position where you get a t>[)lm-
did viow of tho original townsite and tho river.
It is located "just a quarter of a mile from tho ori-
ginal townsite and tho Hudson Bay sold-tho lots
ranging as high as $1,400.00 each. Wo arc offering thoso lots at $200 to $225 each on easy terms;
one quarter cash and the balance in C, 12 and 18
The Investment Opportunity
of a Lifetime
Athabasca Landing possesses all tho combined ad-
vantages and facilities that tend to malco largo
cities. An investor to-day is gotting in at
"Ground Floor" pricos. Lots thnt wore' soil- ig
in Edmonton, Saskatoon, Lothbridgo and Ontnu'v a
fow years ago at $200.00 each aro now worth from
$2,000,00 to ff5,000.00 each. If you have missed
this opportunity, you must not fail to get in on
this opportunity, you must not fail to got in .on
Athabasca Landing.    Further   particulars   from
>■ r
)■ ,
,>■ •
>■ '
McCutclicon Bros, nt their Fernie Office.
Off-       ri-t,'        *11   r«««       rll. ...   S ,.„,   IH
Towulv, Tlruiiltoril, Utl.v-wjic'-, Jtcn'mu', Mowc Jair,
and Wiunipeg.       .
A cawlvat party waa held by Mia* houro of «ie following morning after
mv& Pwiwdn *UeT bom* on McPt«*- thorouKhlr enjoyln* them»elv«fc
non Avyjniio nn WMn«rfsy nlfht. the
24th Inot, nnd ber many .friend* returned to their home* In tho *ftriy
In  Fornlo  tint  the   IsUi
nve-K>om«4 Hoose, «ltaat« on corner
of Jaffrao and Datton Aremvm.  Ap
ply, D, Willis.
FOR 8ALB—Four-roomed Cottafev
Lot 8, Block 81, Fernie Annex. House
In good condition; cheap for cash;
""itiM), or terms can be arranged. Apply, District Ledger, Fernie. ,i""lML
imW^illMJilr*** "-"■—"■- ■
1 ii 111 t tfi]arwaiinn*i*g ffluhr


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