BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Nov 30, 1912

Item Metadata

Download

Media
disledfer-1.0308841.pdf
Metadata
JSON: disledfer-1.0308841.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308841-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308841-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308841-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308841-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308841-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308841-source.json
Full Text
disledfer-1.0308841-fulltext.txt
Citation
disledfer-1.0308841.ris

Full Text

Array . ^
•     v, I
■  •■/• \-     >>VAGBS1 TO By, VA- -■*>•.
y i: v.o.- ■, v-- yy vj;.i'*'£.- ^^cy.^^1;:!:.-,: >l7v.7
r, ^f'.'i -":;- ■    7-
.. V.\'*- < -,
b'-*->$4yy»'-'
v
i"
v
if
.»-
(-•
i
y
i
17
1.1
J.
1
<\
!
■ ■/
J)
I
!
.1
(I
|
f   .
\   .
'  i
The Official Orgaii of Districi. No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
THE DISTRICT "LEDGER, PERNIE, B, (.., NOVEMBER _*30l912.
$1.00 A YEAS.
IP; Goal Co.
Arbitrators;F.iti(ding against Widow-
Contends; Deceased Was Negli-
gent-^Stated Case Asked For
.• Tlie Applicant is5 the administratrix
'Of lier husband,7Richard  Henbrbw,
who was killed.by accident on August
" ' _19th, 1912.   VTho deceased was at the
time of his death employed by the respondent company a_s a haulage boss at
No. 3.mine,,.Coal'Creek.     One d^hls
. duties' was-to superintend the hauling
■)   of'ttie loaded cars of coal up the slope
'-.,. of that particular district of the mine.
*' ">A." rope,, apparently, was attached to
1 -,.the front car, the machinery set in motion and tht> cars were thUB hauled up
. -"', the'slope!    His'duty was to see that
f, everything was safe, especially to see
y^that what is called a drag was on the
'.   rear car and was able to be operted.
y This  drag  was  placed  on the rear
>• \'car so that in event, of.the rope break-
_, .• ing or a car getting loose, it would so
' - operato, as ■ to derail the' car or cars
. y running, down the slope. The witness,
"O'Brien, who was. on the date of the
accident, Mine- Foreman at this mine,
and who had superintendence over the
deceased, says that he had worked out
•   certain mathematical, formulae chewing the weight which could be carried
up this particular slope with this par-
■ .ticular rope;1 and he-had settled that
/ " Weight-at six cars,full of coal.   There
^is no doubt'that-just prlor'to the-accident, 'on the previous Saturday, see-
»" ing, deceased bringing u/ eight cars,,
_■  he  had  most specifically instructed
, 7-him, that'he must not bring up^-more
1   "than--six. , Deceased told,him that.if
he couldn't run eight'cars he couldn't
get through, .tho_  \vork; "r whereupon
-;—OiBrien-told-hlm-that-did-not-matter-
■ arid that he-must not run- any eight
car trips.   O'Brien also _lIustrated\tl_o'
• .danger of an eight'car trip by .relating
"  • to deceased'the story of an accident
ho himself had  seen- caused, by the
''■' breaking.of,"tho,„rope,\ -Tl)e^deceased
was similarly.warned and Instructed
by the.wltnesB John Biggs, a fire boss;
, who had superintendence over him.
On this particular trip on August
19th; 1912..I find,that deceased, >con-
,■*. tra'ry to his Instructions, was hauling
,up elgh,, cars.'.  He ordered tho bell
boy to give the signal to haul and the
cars had gone about etght yards vup
. tho slope when Gusklil, the,boll-hoy,
^. told him tlio drag was not on.    Deceased .thereupon told the bell-boy to
stop tho/trip.    The trip stopped on
tho slope1 'and deceased put the drag
on.     Deceased then instructed, the
bell-boy/D start the trip again.    This
waB df/iO'     What Bhould nnd could
hnvo boon dono was to sond tlie cars
bnck again to tho lovel nnd ro.start
'.thorn thoro,-    The cars went on two
or throo foot, when tho ropo broko;
the cars camo down and Honbrow was
killed. , ■' -.
THE„BOSCOVITCH AND ---.
BELINSKI COMPENSATION
CASES ON -TUESDAV
' The stated cases of Boscbvitch and
Belinski for "compensation will "come
up before Judge Clement for argument and" decision on" Tuesday next.
MEN BACK AT DIAMOND CITY
Misunderstanding, Corrected
- I find that the accident took place
through a combination of two causes.
Firstly, the overstrain on the rope, due
to there being eight' cars Instead of
six on the trip, and secondly, that owing to the drag not being on, deceased
had" to stop the trip while It was on
the slope,' and naturally In starting
again the strain on the rope was greater than it would be wtieiy'starting on
the lovel. Having found these facts,
and there being no dispute that, the deceased was killed by accident arising
out of and in the course of his employment, I, have now to consider the
defence of the respondent, namely—
that the deceased was guilty of serious
and wilful misconduct or serious neglect.     >.      - ,      t,,
.There Is- no doubt but that it was
apparent that the breaking-of the rope
in any case, would have, serious re-'
suits." The act of taking eight cars
up the- slope was in Itself a serious
oiie, causing as it did, and as the deceased well knew, an overstrain on the
rope! ■ There was a wilful disobedience to ^orders." I find that in doing
so, contrary to'orders, the deceased'
was guilty of serious and wilful misconduct. ■       , y ,
The result of hot placing the drag
on was, in event of accident, extereme-
ly serious. As one .witness says, the
result in case of accident would be
the-death of all, the men working in
the slope. The non-placing of the
drag was in itself serious.and was an
act of neglect on the part of the deceased. The result of this serious ne-
'gie"c_-on~the'"pXrt^fTne^deeea'sea~wa_f
that the cars had to" stop, oh the slope,
They should have been .sent back to
the level - and" started again. This
would have' been" safer. -- Deceased
started them-from'the slope,, the rope
-broko;and .'th<jv'<aeoldent -occurred.-- -.
' In the face,of firstly, deceased's seri.
ousvand"wilful misconduct in;dlsobey-
ing orders combined with secondly, his
serious neglect In not having"the drag
on and In riot going back to thb level
to.re-start the trip aftor putting the
drag on, I can do nothing but tyid for
the respondent company. 1 will grant
a stated case If required,—(Signed)
G. H. Thompson, Arbitrator. s. ■
_>DIAMONQ CITY! Nov. 28.—Vice-
President Jones was given permission
to go to the mine, and the men have
resumed work. (Letter" from Vice-
President-Jones on subject of page 6
of this issue,) ' The men refused to
work until the permission was'granted.
LABOR   CANDIDATE   NAMED
, EDMONTON, Nov. 20.—Mayoralty
campaign tonight took on a hew aspect'.when a meeting of some of the
labor unions'of the city nominated for
their ' representatives Aid: •_■ Joseph
Clarke, theN"stormy petrel" of the City
Council during the past year.
■The other two candidates,are William Short, K.C „• and W. J. Magarth,
a real estate dealer. Magarth has
been counting largely on the" support
of those who are now said to be backing Clark. ' '
anil
igai
METAL  WORKERS  ASK   FOR'
BOARD OP CONCILIATION
TEN THOUSAND MEN
ARE   OUT   OF„WORK
^PITTSBURG, Pa., Nov. 26.—Ten
thousand men employed at the Edgar
Tho'mp'son'plant-of the Carnegie Steel
Company, at Braddock, and at Homestead, are. idle today as a result of the
strike of engineers and firemen,. The
strikers expected to receive today an
answer to their proposition made yesterday to the company's' superintend-,
erits, but.none was forthcoming,- and
the men went into secret conference.
FRANK   MINE. "
CEASES OPERATION
Need
of Capital
.Cause
Apparent
Iron Workers'Union Officials
Had No Knowledge of the
Dynamite, Conspiracy
INDIANAPOLIS, .Ind., Nov.^26.—The
contentions of the defense that the
McNamaras and " Ortie McManlgal
alone were responsible for explosions,
and that the Iron" Workers' Union executive board and President Frank M.
Ryan knew nothing of any $1,000 expended from' the union funds for destroying non-union property, were.pursued In the cross-examination of Mc-
Manigal at, the "dynamite conspiracy",
trial today. ■-
McManlgal admitted he < had been
arrested three times, twice for larceny and once for 'disorderly conduct.
"After the Los Angeles Times building was blown up; when you and Jas.
B. were hunting in the woods in Wis.
c'onsin, you -say., he admitted to you
that he deliberately killed the twenty;
one persons, that he was a printer and
knew he would kill someone when'he
put the bomb in The Times building,
and yet you continued .to associate
w_th,him?'\,    ->'
'"Yes, I "did."
.Planned!Wholesale  Explosions
McManigal had said that, when'J.
J. MeNamara, "seoreta'ry of' the "union
planned wholesale explosions, including .'the; (blowing up of Lps Angeles
city, he was'- afraid ' the ."executive
board 'would cut off his allowance."
- "Now, ybu' say MeNamara, in .order
to,.get more money,-proposed to steal
,$150,000 by. killing the treasurer, of
the automobile races at the speedway
News has just been received here
that the miners of Y.mir, Sandon,
Silverton, Nelson and Kimberley locals
of the Western Federation of Miners,
have decided to make application for
Boards of Conciliation under the Lemleux Act. The trouble appears to be
that a wage scale cannot be agreed to
petween the men and the operators.
J. E. Smith, of Coal Creek; has been
risked to represent the Sandon local,
and J. W, Bennett, Kimberly.
MANY FATALLY INJURED ON
THE INTERURBAN LINE
SEATTLE, Nov. 25.—Twelve persons were Injured, several fatally,
vhen ii runaway freight train on the
Tacoma Seattle Interurban lino crashed into the rear end of a local passenger train near Rlverton at 9 30
this morning. The rear, car of the
passenger was telescoped and n.eiv'y
every passenger was injured.- Motoi-
man Campbell of the freight Is fatal,
ly liurt, it is believed.
Every ambulance from Seattle was
called to the scene and the wildest
confusion prevailed. Women pinned
in the splintered car became hysterical before they were rescued.
, The local was taking on passengers
at the Riverton station when the
freight, running at fifty miles an hour,
rounded the curve under an,embankment and struck.
Ettor, Giovannitti &
Caruso Not Guilty
Verdict Received with Enthusiam-
Attracts World's Attention—A
Jubilee Meeting Held
SCHRANK IS INSANE
MILWAUKEE, Wis,, Nov. 29.—A
commission; of five 'alienists who examined into the mental condition of
John Schrank, who shot Colonel Roosevelt,'today reported to Judge Backus,
finding Schrank insane. ;,
He consequently willi not be tried
but„will be committed to Oshkosh, Wis.
asylum for life.
The applicant has decided to ask for
a stated case. It was hoped that the
approval, of the defendant company for
this would bo obtained by Tuesday so
that ,lt would have been heard boforo
Judgo Clement nt next week's assizes,
but as MoBBrB, Horohmor, Wilson and
Lane, solicitors for tho C. N. P. Coal
Co. aro not ready, the matter is postponed indefinitely.
A. F. OF L. CONVENTION
COMES TO A CLOSE
\ „,,,,„ , | ^ ,
OFFICERS RErELECTED-RECALL AND REFERENDUM ENDORSED-HAYWOOD IS
PUGNACIOUS-GOMPERS ILL
nOCHI3STHU, N. Y„ Nov. 24.—A fls-
(lo encounter, botwoon, Wm'. Ti. Haywood, u leader In tho Industrial Worker., of tho World, nml-J, M. nnrnon,
who wan natlonnl campaign manager
of tho rocont Socialist campaign, topic
placo lonlght In lho lobby of convontlon hull, whllo tho Amorlcnn Federation of Labor wns holding Its final boh-
Blon. Haywood nnd IlarhoB met Just
ontslilo a door to tho auditorium tho
door wn» opon and Prwildoiit Oompors,
on tho plaiform saw Nnywood Btrlko
Hornon.
"A dolegnto to this convontlon has
boon Insulted by "Big UIU" Haywood
shouted, flonvporB,
% "Delegated will koop their soata nnd
tho Hflrwnnt. ri..' firm* will r.*.T.r.v*« thn
dUturber,"   ■
Haywood ran into tho otreot, foi low-
oil by several dologatos, Haywood
took rofuuo In a laundry and bowo ono
<> iiarrod tho door. Pollcomon prevented
further trouble. After the dtflturbance
In tho nlffht session a reoolutlon op-
Rising tho ttontlon of ex-presldenti. of
tho Unltod States, ox_collego proild-
ontn nnd ox-profeiBore of political economy by prlvato tltlconi wan unanl-
rnouily adopted.
Samuel Qompcra w<_» re-olctU.U m
president of tho American Federation
uf Labor, over Mux Uityt.. of tho in*
tematloni-l Typographical Union. Tho
voto vas: Gompem 11,97.1; TTaya. IM_74,
it inn the flnit tlmo In thrw ycahr
(hat thoro haa been opponltlon to Mr.
tfotopftre who ha* boon ro-_.l«cted annually alucc 130".    AU otlwv officer*
WM ltK(kK>t*lI.
As we go to press we' are 4
given to understand that the^^
"Canadian,""Conl Consolidate'd '<
Co.,- - Ltd;, - with mines ■ at <l
Prank, Alta., have definitely ■,«
decldecl to ' cease operations <
until such time as the com. *
pany, can be reorganized, or 4
arrangements for further cap-' *
Itai made. The men were not <
paid on the 16th November.' t
(pay day) .and as a result 4
quit work. It is now said <
that they will be paid about <
the 4th or Gth Dec. Thoro /
were about 200 men employed, <
and ' those are now seeking f
"jobs" elsewhere., Tho head . <
offlco of the company Ib t«
Paris, France, their interests ■>
being looked after here by «
Mr. Tompkins. Tho famous 1
Rocky Mountain Sanatorium <
belongs to this company, >
- ;        .
TrTIndlanapolis, ancTyeTyou still kept
company with these men who planned
to murder?"   , "',.'"
"Yes.'.i did." '7 ^ -' S, "- "
''■McManlgal told,in■ detail ho\v much
he was paid for each', "job"."   ,    , .
TWENTY KILLED X
IN EXPLOSION
WAUKEGAN, ,JH., Nov.' 25.—More
than 20 persons are believed to have
met death this afternoon in an explosion which wrecked the dry starch
plant' of the Corn Products Refining
Company. Ono body, burned beyond
recognition, was taken from the ruins
Bhortly before 3 o'clock. About 25
persons, all seriously Injured, wero taken to the hospital.
CHAIRMAN  IN  MATTER       ,*
OFJYARDAGE_REFERRED    !♦
TO MINISTER OF LABOR
Frank 'and  Hosmer Disputes   ♦
Chairman   Agreed   Upon   'j^+
SALEM, Mass., Nov. 26—"Not guilty," Is the verdict of the jury,- after
a deliberation of six hours, in the
case of Joseph J. Ettor, Arturo Glovannittl and Joseph Caruso for the
murder of Anna Lopizzo. who was
killed In the Lawrence textile strike
riot last winter. When the three men
had heard the words freeing . them
from the "charge they embraced and
kissed each other. Glovannittl then
sprang to his feet.
"Gentlemen of the jury," he said,
his face beaming with' joy, "ii? the
name of justice, truth, and civilization, I thank you."
As he sat down the court interpreter," Alfred Sacco, rose for Caruso and
said: ."Mr. Caruso desires me to say
that he wants to thank you all and now
that he is a free man he says that he
was innocent of the crime."
Ettor Speaks
Ettor, the leader of the strike at
Lawrence and chief center of interest
that has aroused world-wide attention
addressed the jury:
■ "May it please the court," he said,
"I thank you not only for myself, but
in the name of my , companions. I
also feel impelled tb thank the court
for the fair manner this trial has been
conducted. The thanks we offer are
not only ours, but in the name of the
working class."a
The jury entered the court room at
8.30 o'clock.     Immediately thereafter
"Caruso, lace the jury; jurymen look
ut the rrlsoner. OcEtlemen of th3
jur.\, is Jaseph Caruso guilty or not
guilty V" " '     "
"Not guilty!" was .the unanimous
reply. .„       ■'
Ettor and Giovannitti were likewise commanded to rise and again the
jury chorused a verdict of "not guilty"
for each defendant. The jury, which
for more than six weeks had,listened '
lo the evidence In this notable trial,
was then excused from further service
with the,thanks of the court. The
jurois filed from the building and were
cheered by the crowd of mill workers
ln tho streets.
When'the jurors had left, the courc
announced to Caruso that there.-waB
another Indictment against' him,
ohargiiig him- with assault0 with a
deadly weapon with intent to kill and
that the court would release him on
his own recognizance,' but was allow,
ed out on $100 bail. • ■ .    '     ""'
„   Jubilee Meeting Held .    '.
"Gurly" Flynn presided at n jubilee
mass meeting held In the Salvation
Army * Hall later in the day. ,l All
three defendants attended, and Mrs.
Caruso and her baby also were present. Ettor was the principal speaker.     He said.       , -^
"We are thankful to every .man,-wo-'
man and child who has   helped   our
cause  by. sympathy   and   encouragement.   Except for you we would nave
CONCILIATION BOARD
NOW BEING CHOSEN
Bonttlo was clioson ns tho 1013 meeting plnco.
..OOIircSTI'lIt. N. Y„ Nov. 2-1.—Tlio
Amorlcnn Fodorntlon of Lnbor Friday
docldod to n«1c tho unions nfflllntod
with It to rnlBO monoy for doronso bf
tho alleged dynamltem who nro on
trial In rndlnnapoll«. Tho roHolulion
ndoptcd by the convention wnei
"Thnt dologatofl to tho convontlon
ou tholr return, ndvlHo lho Intcrnatlon-
nl unions arid local bodies to provide
financial nHHlntiirico for tho trado unionist* on trial at Indlnnnpolla, to aid
thorn In aocuriiiR a fnlr trlnl nnd In
npponllng tha cases should fnlr trlnl
bo donlod thorn,"
Tlm  ri»nnl'l'lft«   fitifi   Vri"«d   thft*   t}yn
m^n nn trlnl "should nnt hn pnnvlrtod
In ndvnnro or thn (Incision In tholr
ohms bo Influancod," by tho alleged
fact that certain corporations nnd prl'
vnto agencies "nro clamoring for a con-
victim."
Resolutions adopted Friday aftor.
noon favored tho Initiative, referendum
nni ii recall, Including tbo rocnll of
Judges, popular oloctlon of United Stat*
os senators, working men's compensation with tho retention of tho employ-
ors' liability, old ago pensions and tho
repeal and amendment of tho Sherman
anti-trust law.
nor^HESTBR. N, Y.. Nov. 25.—President Samuel (Jompevs of the American Federation of Labor, Is seriously
111 ct his hotel hero, and Is threatened
RAILWAY WORKERS PLEASED
WITH DEPARTMENT'S
APPOINTEE
FIXED DAMAGE3 FOR ACCIDENT8
Labor Organizations Ask for Amend-
■ ments to Railway Act—Would
Decrease Litigation
OTTAWA, Nov. 25,—Tho hoard of In.
vesication nnd conciliation appointed
hy tlio Minister of Labor to Invoutigatp
cortnln mnttors In tho dUpiito botwoon tho Cv. P. It, and lho nrothor*
hood of rnilwny worltorn, i.|.].roiic!iad
completion whon tho 0. P, It, appoint:
od M. J, C, Duval, Siiporlntonilont of
tho enr shops, Montreal, to ho tholr
representative on tho board. Mr, Duval was formerly a car dispatcher on
tho Canadian Atlantic Railway nt Ot.
tawa, Tho nrothorhood haB nlrondy
nppolntod Its ropronontatlvo In tha
person of Mr, ,T. IL Mnodonnld, of
Halifax.
rr>V      ... I. ..    • it, »<    f    ,m     ii
* i.L.     I.».*%/..     ...     ........>.,I'M      V. *LLL     LUL.    af
point mont nf Mr, TVrvfll. whom Ihc-v
regard as a good choice nnd they hnvo
much confidence In Mr, Macdonaid. It
Is not oxpoctooV that the nppqlntment
of a chairman will causo nny .difficulty   nni* Wr. Mli'1?■?*•?!'J ."?D'! Mi'. P'.'i'i!
probably will moot hero on Tuosday
nud elect tho third mombor of tho
board. Tho Investigation, probably
will commence on Wednesday or
TMirsday In this city and will last
a woek or ten days.
In tho meantime tbo strlko still
exists and nono of tho men will ro
back to work.
'Tho men 'aro solid," sold Mr. II,
A. Swan, deputy grand roaster of tho
nrothorhood, "and not eno will return until an agreement has boen
signed hy tho company reinstating all
■ OTTAWA, Nov. 26.—RoproHonta-
tions bavd boon mado. by labor organisations to tho Dominion govornmont,
OBklng that tho proposed nmomlmenls
undor consideration ln tho railway act
bo mado by which railways will bocomo llnblo lo pny fixed, sums for accidents to employes,
It In suggested that fixed dnmagos
bo pnld to widows whoso IniHhands
linvo boon'killed whllo still in thd por-
formancn of duty; thnt fixed dnmngoB
also shnll ho pnld for partial and com.
ploto disability,'   .
It is pointed out thnt whllo constl-
tutliiff n flxod protection for tlio mon
tho provisions would also do nwny
with much noodlosH nnd oxpcnslvo litigation ho fnr nB tho compnnlOB aro
concorned,
After rtmklng application to
,the,Minister of Labor for the
appointment of a board to deal
with the matter of yardage at
Fernie and Michel,' the C. N.
P. Coal Company saw that the ■
union is in earnest and asked
■the minister not to appoint a
iboard under the Lemleux Act
until they had an opportunity
of taking the grievance up directly with tbe union, So now
President Stubbs, for tho mine
workers, and Commissioner.
McNeil for tho oporators,
have' tho whole dispute under
' consideration.
A chairman could not bo
agreed upon by theso parties
and Mr. Crotliors hns boon
askod to appoint ono.
' With Wganl to the dlspu'to
at Frank and Hosmor, Mr. J.
O. Hannnh, of Calgnry, has
boon ngrod upon hy Commissioner McNeil and Presldont
Stubbs.
the prisoners;' each wearing"?, redcar.
nation, .were brought to the .cage in
the centre of the room. All were
smiling.  ■
Judge Quinn ascended the . bench
and asked if Hhejury had agreed upon
a v<verdicU ■     ■.       -  - -       ' -i*-
"We have," said the foreman, as he
handed it to the court bailiff.
"Joseph Caruso, stand up," commanded Clerk George.
"Not Guilty."
As Caruso obeyed, the clerk called:
been sleeping in death; tho opposition
would have had our blood.
"We are no longer living In the days
when a man can be sent to t*he guillotine for Ideas ho may possess. I have
fought, for tho working class! .'whose
flag-1- was ready and able to uafurl„
even to death."
Giovannitti" also spoke,   delivering
his remarks ln Italian.
, A big celebration ■ will be held ln
Lawrence tonight ovor the acquittal
of the threo labor men. °  .
TWENTY-FOUR
MINERS KILLED
WHEN FIRE DAMP EXPLODED IN
FRENCH COAL MINE
ONE COMPANY
SIGNED UP
TERMS OF WEST VIRGINIA MEN
ACCEPTED IN ONE CASE
CIlAUl.I.flTON, W. Vn., Nov. 2C—
What Ib hollovotl to forecast tlm end
of tho gwtt conl strlko In tho Kni.it-
wha conl flflhlti of WVst Virginia wns
nnuouncod today In a signed wngo
agreement botwoon tlio union iiiIiioih
nnd tho offlrlnlH of llio Nntionnl ilku-
mlnoiiH Coko Com pnny. Thn ngivo-
iiitMit priictlciilly ra:o..iilz-)H lho union,
provides for nu IncrmiHd of nbout 21
por cent in wngos, rodncos tonnnr.o,
permits tho minors to organize, provided for a nine-hour work day, nnd
  Jglvos llio mon now on strike prefer-
TRRW'- HAUTE, Isd„ Nov." 28.-> j onco If thoy Bhould doslro to return to
ijub^i'v   v.   ij<-u&,   .icH.diHtH   (.aitt4iu.uuj.tuin.
DEBS AND APPEAL'S
EDITOR INDICTED—
CASE IS "QUEER"
ALAIS, Franco, Nov. 2I>.--Twenty-
four mon lost their liven today whon
tiro damp exploded In a conl mlno.
Tho explosion occurred between
shifts, Of thoso In tho mine at the
tlmo fourteen wore warned by tho sudden extinction of their lamps nnd
mnnngod to escape
A roscuo pnrty found twenty.ono
bodies. The othor throo nro apparently tin n romoto part ot tho mlno.
Alals Is a city of 20,000 houUi in tlio
mining department of Cnrd, nbout 25
mllos from mines,
bore of the Russian lmporlnl family
wero returning from Tsarkoe-Selo by
tearing up tho rails.
The correspondent adds that owing;
to misinformation as to when tho Imperial train wns duo tho work of tho
would-be wreckers was dono aftor tho
train had passed the spot picked for
It to be derailed.
TWO KILLED
IN G.P.R. WREGK
ATTEMPT   MADE
ON CZAR'B TRAIN
LONDON, Nov. 2,1.—A dOBpaloh to
n iiowh agency from' nt, Petersburg
says Hint nn uuhuccchhI'iiI nttompt wax
jnado recently lo wreck tho trnln In
which Kniporor Nicholas nnd lho mom-
l.nglneor Cain, of Medicine Hat, and
Fireman Flavor, of the samo place,
woro klllod outright, whllo four passengers woro Injured whon train fil4, a
local running botweon 'Medicine Hat
and Slrdnr wnH dornllod al Fitzgerald
on Monday morning nt 3.RR n.m,
So fur mengro roports hnvo reached
ilui j..'ii_'riil Hii|Mi'luluinleiii'H oI'lK'o in
Calgary, nud no nnmes of Injured pns.
HcngerH have been received, Tho
diiiiingo to rolling Htoo.lt will probably
lm ronsldorulile, but tlio causo of tho
nixldont, according to 0. l\ It. offl-
(lulu has noi yot liwn dolormlnpil,
und ihoy Htuto Hint, an Investigation
\v|(| lut hold nt onco to no Into lho
rnntt.T,
MARTIAL LAW DECLARED
ON VANCOUVER ISLAND
Hundreds of Police on Scene   McBride's Government Assisting Coal Operators
wllh ynbuiuonltt, ju.co.dlnK to his phy-jtho mon on .strike regardless of tho
slelsns. I nway promises to tlto atrlkehraskert."
for propldpnl :it lh? weal oJwUt.-, 3d
nwnltlng nr.'(>nt here on nn Inrilcttwnt
from Olrnnl. Kns„ chargHm him with
winding ohjoctlonnblo matter  through
tho malls, Indictments on a similar
_,.„„,.  -,i,,. t,_.,.-, i....,. .i.. .  i      •   i
Fred Women, editor, and H. I.. Phlfter,
editorial Writer, of the 'ApposI to Roa.
son, a Soclnllst newspaper, publlshod
nt fllrard.
"Thoso Indictments," Dobs snld today, "nro based on lies. It Is the work
or a clique of men who bsvo boasted
they vrouhl put us In tho penitentiary,
snd either bankrupt or destroy tho Appeal to Reason' for certain exposures
made by that paper.
••So far ns I am conwrned!, worMng
men will nol ho held up for a ftrtf for
my defense. I defy tho mm. to do Its
worst. I shnll accept w quarter at
thHr Iiands"
TJ._.' utnxfnn.i.1 ii'.*.i' ttikin.il hy U. It,
Smith, of Washington. D...„ secretary
and treanuror of the National Rltti-
mlnous Coal nnd Coko compnny, nnd
A. F, l/ostor, president, and A, Ti'l.os-
l , I    II „    ,     ,     , T--      V-
v-.,   .ft,'* .<v\.Wk j , Ui.  HitU  k.A,tui^.^,   \f ,   if A,,
local union of tho United Mlno Workors of Amorica.
Conditions throughout tho mlno territory undor mnrtlnl lnw woro ouiot
today, oxoept for the arrest of a girl
charged with throwing stonos, and
tho nipt uro of Samuel Ttussoll, alleged
1o havo tit-fin nnt> of tlio j-crsorm who
flrod on ihe town of Hl«h Coal on
Tliiirsdny night. The stnto military
commission held a session, hearing
canes against « number of persons.
Thft decisions fn each caso will not
ho announced until approved by Governor Olasscock. The miners aro Jubilant tonight over thfl agreement.
LAIWIMITI.. V. I., Nov. _lli. -It is
no longer tho Canadian Collieries Co.,
Iho striking milium havo to fight at
Cumberland, nor I* It tlm uti^mplnvrd,
they refuse to scab. It Is the Mcllrldo
government direct, Tho miners hnvo
tho company sowed up and on oven
torms would win Insldo anothor woek;
but tho conl barons, realizing this,
have called upon tho provincial govomment to take n hnnd. That Is, to
see that thoy ttho company! aro pro.
twU>d ln;l violating the laws ot tho
country and decency.
Aftorn«y-..._ii_-ral llowser has dm-lnr-
cd Mttrtlitl Law nt C'umht'rlaud. Hundred* nf spwlal pollco nnd scab plug-
uglies, from find knows where*, nr. lifting gout In (o bulldoze, Intimidate and
cow tho strikers.    Thn miners' famil
ies ore being .111von from the company
ho vol n. in fnct th<*ro Is no Infamy to
which Howflor Is not permitting or In-
slniftlng his paid flunkies to go In
UH.it.   tu  ui<. .M,   .HJ«il   aim   nni|l UlV  Ull-
lon minors Into subjection,
As tho prlco of Iwlng allowed to
onrn their own living and produce profits for tho company, llio Canadian Col-
llorkH wish tholr omployoes to sign
thn following ngroomont:
"If (he Cnriiidliiii Collieries (Dunsmuir) Ltd,, will fiirnlHh mo «<nip!ny-
nutii In ronnoction wllh Uw inlncs lu
rxtowilon district. I h'jrchy aprreo to
•*ork for it two years fiom tho 7th
iliv of Novtnnbor, 1912; nlherwlso In
.dt rctports upon tlm «im«. torms snd
l eruditions and niTordln_r to tin* nvn.
torn and practlco h«rotoforo provail-,,
liti» nt. such mlnos."
i' ■", PAGE TWO
THB DISTRICT LEDGES, FERNIE, B. C., NOVEMBER 30,1912
BIG INCREASE IN
LUMBER GAMPS
Mlllmen   in .Fernie District Advance
Price of Labor and Call for Help
FISHERMEN FORM UNION, THEN
STRIKE FOR HIGHER PAY
SPOKANE, Wash., Nov. 28.—New
calls for men in the lumber camps of
th© districts of British Columbia, being sent in to Spokane today, carry
with them offers of still another advance in wages. As high as $3.50 a
day Is offered for bushmen, and the
minimum rate ofv pay mentioned for
this class of workmen calls from
across the line is $3 a'day. »■
British'1 Columbia lumber manufacturers in the vicinity'of Fernie 'have
advanced the wages of timber and lumber mill workers 25 cents a day. The
average rate of wages offered for logging and lumber camp workmen on
this side of the line about three weeks
ago for bushmen was $3.25 a day.
A Seattle, despatch of Nov. 5 states
that the .fishermen employed On the
steamers "San> Juan, Independent and
Comet refused to go to sea on these
vessels, demanding- an incrase of one-
half a cent a pound for halibut. The
men have -been, getting, 1 cent a pound.
The men organized a union and issued the' ultimatum for the proposed
Increase. It is expected that the men
on other vessels now arriving will follow suit and go on strike, if no agreement has been reached. before' they
come in.
Halibut is now .bringing from 8%
cents to 9 cents a pound on the local
market, and the fishermen on the
power schooners make good profit
with .comparatively small catches
They are paid on a percentage basis,
one-fifth going to the owner and captain and the rest being divided among
the crew.
THE LEMIEOX ACT
IS CONSTITUTIONAL
Decides Mr. Justice Lafontalne In His
Ruling in Case Just Concluded
MONTREAL, Nov. 28.—That the
Lemleux Act providing for a board of
conciliation to inquire into disputes between employer and employe is constitutional, and that consequently a
board appointed to look into certain
differences between the Montreal
street railway and a few of Its employes was regularly, and legally appointed, is the tenor of a ruling handed down by Mr. Justice Lafontalne
tihs morning in "a case which has
been occupying the attention of the
local superior court off and on for the
past two years.
-As will be remembered the appoint-
'ment of the (board which was composed of Mr. Justice Fortin, J. L. Perron, K. C. and Charlemangne Rodler,
K.C, was attacked by the Montreal
Street Railway on the grounds .that
the act, in virtue of which Hon.1 Mac-
Kenzie King, at the time Minister of
Labor, appointed such a board, was
unconstitutional. \
The legality of the act was placed
. in question on the grounds that legislation dealing with the differences between master and man appertained to
the provincial authorities, and that
consequently the act named was i.Ura
vireB of the federal parliament. The
specific appointment of the board was
attacked on the grounds that the re-"
quirements had not, been complied
with'.
Argues_Against the Act	
' OTTAWA,"Nov. 28—Harvey Hall,
counsel for the Brotherhood of Railway Conductors, who is in the city in
connection with matters it is intended
to bTing to the attention of the government "this Bession, says .the order
which he represents will again urge
lipon the government the amendment
or rtpeal of the Lemleux Act.
The main argument against the b'll
from (he standpoint of the organization which Mr. Hall represents is that
a3 it stands the labor organizations are
handicapped in negotiations with the
railroads. They believe that Jf the
clauses prohibiting labor organizations
from calling a strike aftor a board has
boon appointed be struck out, the hill
would be muoh improved.
RAISE WAGES OR
BE BLOWN UP
LOS cANGELES, Cal., Nov. 23 —
Strapped to a cot in the receiving hospital, Carl Marr, or Carl Reidelbach, as
he now admits his name to be, the
German pattern maker who took possession of the '_s.itr.il police rtation?
yesterday by threatening to destroy
the building with an Infernal machine
unless Paul Shoup, jr., of the S. P.
Railway Company, was brought_..to
him, told a weird tale today.
"I did not want to hurt anyone
about the police station," he'declared.
"All I was a^ter was the head of
the Pacific Electric Company. I did
not- even know his name was Paul
Shoup until after I was "arrested. I
did not even want to hurt him. I
was merely going to show him my
machine and tell him I was going to
blow him up unless he raised the
wages of his working men and otherwise change their condition."
"The machine is my own invention.
I never heard of one like it. I don't
want a description of the thing to
get into the .newspaper, for fear others
will steal my idea. One of the finest features of the machine is that instead of pulling the trigger to set the
machine off, one has to hold the three
triggers to keep it from going off.-
- Marr ended his story by- begging to
be shot'. - He is believed to have received a fracture of the skull from
the blows dealt him by Detective Jas.
Hoslck.
,S UIN G _TH E_M A_Y_0 R__.
The hell hound of war has now entirely slipped-Its leash in -the* Balkans, and Its - fangs are biting   deep
into the throats of thousands of .'men.
The  mass  troops  of four Christian
States are pitted in' a life and death
struggle  against the  hordes  of the
Sultan's army.     And to <■ what,' end?
We know what the immediate result
will be. - We know that thousands of
peasants have left their fields to be
shot and ■ mutilated.     We, know that
women will be tortured and ravished,'and-that little  children will  be
treated like vermin.   • Let which will
win, in  the end 'both sides will • be
half ruined.'    Of all those hundreds,
of thousands of trained and disciplined men who can say how many will
retur  nallve  from  the -battlefields?
For there will be no sentiment about
this struggle.     Quarters  will neither
be given nor asked..   The combatants
are armed with modern weapons of
precision, and a glut of horrors is preparing  In  this  devil's  brew.      Tho
scythe  of  war  will  leave wide,  red
swathes behind it in ,this harvest of
death.     But that is not all.     Round
the ring of this struggling mass' of
humanity,   which   is  wiping  out  its
old  feuds and hatreds in blood and
tears,    stand  the  sinister "Powers."
The Great Christian Powers!    Those
large aggregations of human beings
in whose hands lie the destiny of the
world."   The countries called "Christian"   and   "civilized."      We    sometimes deplore the clumsiness and carelessness with which the words of our
glorious English language are used In
these hustling, commercial days.' But,
alter all,  there is something. to be
thankful for in. the'thought that some
words have had their, old true meaning wrested from'them.. ' The word
"Christian" no longer connotes what
once it did.     For who can think of
the  true meaning of the word  and
then  apply it  to,the wolfish  packs
which now stand, like unclean beasts
of prey, jealously watching the stragglers in the Balkans, waiting for, the
fighters  to fall,- killed or  spent," so
that  they! may  leap  uown  into.-the
arena and'1 gorge themselves on .the
spoils.     Christians!   , The man who'
couples the name of the gentle Naz-'
arene   with   European  diplomacy. of
today  must be  either a blasphemer
or a cynic.-'. . ■,'.-',
And again we say: .To1 what end
is all this? Turkey should have instituted certain reforms. The Powers .should have seen that the reform
-X"
THE HOME OF COMFORT
The only absolute fireproof theatre in the city. Commodious,
convenient^ well heated. A place to spend a pleasant evening
and where you can take ypur children in safety. The pictures
are pure, clean and instructive.     . ,,
for Tonight and Tomorrow Night
,   THE LIFE OF A ROSE (Solax Drama)
THE HIDDEN LIGHT (Rex Drama) ;„
,    OPEN; TO PROPOSALS (Solax Drama)
A STRANGER AT COYOTE (American Drama)
THE ANIMATED WEEKLY (Topical)        ,
On   Monday Next
S ■ 6 '
V
(fi
191
A beautiful three reel Thanhous'er .production adapted from a
narrative poem by the EarLof Lytton, "Owen Meredith" featuring "The Charge of the* Light Brigade" one of the greatest
military dramas of the century.
Music by Grand Theatre Orchestra.
Pieces
i
FOR  ALLEGED  SLANDER
EDMONTON LABORITES
ARE WRATHY AT  POLICE
EDMONTON,    Nov.    24.—Sovoral
mombors of the Edmonton Trades and
Labor Council, at tholr regular meeting hold  Monday evening    In    Mechanics hall, strongly protested against
•what they termed tho potty persecution by city police, in interfering with
tho trado unlonlBts, whon thoy woro
out on strike.    Quito a numbor of dolo
BiitoB appeared   exceedingly   wmthy
ovor thin action of tho'city constabulary nnd for ovor nn hour tho pros
and cons of rlghtH of unionists and
poUcomon woro dlBciiBHOd, but whon
tho quofltlon wafl put to a voto those
who brought lt up woro In minority.
VICTORIA, B.C., Nov. 18—K.' L,
Beckwith, mayor of' Victoria, is being sued for libel by Dr. Sunbar.Singh,,
a Hindu, who" is' acting on' behalf of
all the Hindus in the provirtce. The
alleged .lib-el appeared In the Canadian
Mail ■ a couple of months ago in the
form of an interview with Mayor Beckwith, in which he is quoted as saying:
"The Asiatics have come into British Columbia in such numbers that
thero are Hindu Temples ln Victoria
and Vancouver. Tho Hindus aro a
source of trouble. They are not suited to the country, Thoy are Immoral and quarrelsomo , and - havo hot'
stamina enough to bocomo good workmen."
• Tho Hindus object to an allegation
which affects tho, wholo race ■- and
henco the libel notion.
The   Grand
Orchestra
Flvo Pieces
MINE OWNERS
CONCEDE WAGES
SOUTH PORCUPINE, Ont., Nov. 28.
Tho Poarl J.nko, Porcuplno Lake,
Schumnkor and Throo Nations mines
havo accodod to tho union's wago Bcale
and will Btart work. It Ib likely that
all tho othor mlnoB will fight It out.
Tho BOttlomont at thoBO four mlnofl
Ib claimed by tho union to bo n
fair indication of tho ultimate result
of tho Btrlko.
Homo and Holllngor Btlll retain Homo
mon and afn endeavoring to koop tholr
mills in oporatlon.
Iks--
.Mm-
JMayH ovoiy Sunday
Night nt tlio
Napanee
Hctel
At Dinner
5.30 to 8,00 p.m.
Bring your Girl mid givo
horn good timo
"John IJull" has to Hay this rog.m.-
lng winding poor peoplo to jail tor
dubtH: "Tlu.nl.a_ to tho firm stand
mado Ity mnny bf tho county court
JttdgoH against Bonding pooplo to
prlHon for llio noii-piiynioul of debts
(lot'lmlonlly for 'contempt of rourt').
thn nmnlior of dohtoi'H ImprlHoimd Ih
Htlll d^oroiiBliig. .'.von ho, thoro woro
as nmiiy riH 1.2,flOD wnrrantB of commitment iHHitod last your, though tho
art mil iitinihor of prlHonorH wafl 7,081
•--.'.00 Iohh than tho provlous yonr, It
Ih clour howovor that tho wurrnnt of
nrroBtH Ih Htlll oxtoiiBlvoly omployod In.
attempting to got blood out of stones.
Tho common argument of crodltorH Ib
thnt some pooplo would not make the
nliKlitu»t otiort to puy if thoy did not
i'uall/,o that In tho last resort th»y
could ho put ln prlHon. In a minority
of cuHOH thlu nmy ho no, but lho majority of peoplo aro houoat and pay
tholr debts iih nnd when tnoy can. Tho
warrant,l« ungd us a weapon to tor-
vorlze persons without moans, As a
roflult, moro often than not, debtors
nnd lliolr ralatlvon and doponduntB
starve thcmsolvei."
Order your ChrlitniM Cards at once
—Qrand sanction at L«do«r Office.
ShilohM
.   .mtilW   rcnurty   frr   C • fni   »r.(1 Cold.}
-ulioh cvju io little end <Mts ie tim. hi'
schemes .were   made  effective.   The
small states, such as Macedonia, have
writhed for decades under the heel
of the Turks, and Europe has sympathized and passed resolutions, has
called  upon   the   Turk  to  act—contrary to his nature—has assured the
downtrodden  small  nations  that its
great heart bled for them, but It has
left them to writhe and suffer agonies
and- indignities beyond pen of ours to
describe.  • And all that was required
to put a Btop to the Infernal oppression,- the waste of life and power, the
gradual  but  continuous  annihilation
of tho .finest and best of the people ln
'hese Binall kingdoms, was a determined command to the Turks from the
Powers acting in concert.    It Bhould
have been done"' yoars ago.     It Is
thirty-three years since. Mr. Gladstone
stated that the hour had como (thon!)
for casting off tho Turkish shackles
from tho wrists*1 of the Balkan people.
Ho wasted  no  time on  considering
which of the Powers would ho nblo to
grab lho larger share if tho hand of
tho  Turk was- removed, but stated
ln plain terms and convincing tones
that tho auccoBBlon of powor. should
go to tho peoplo of tho States Involved.     "To thOBO who have nhabltod
thorn (tho Balkan Statos) for many
long centuriosl to thoso who had roared thorn to a stato   of   civilization
whon tho groat calamity of Ottoman
conquest swept llko a wild wind ovor'
that portion of tho onrlh, Mid" burled
thnt civilization ln Its overwhelming
forco."      Thlrty-throo    years   fllnco
those JiiBt nnd wIbo words woro spoken, nnd thn prosont war Ib boing waged to the ond that thoy may bo put
Into effect.    Thnt or tho Balkan peoplo will go down to ruin and death In
a woltor of blood,
Now  lot iir lcavo tlio Noar Rant
and  coiiHldor miittorn  noaror homo,
Doep thought Ih noodod with regard to
onr own position,    For, hn it romnnv
bored, tho strugglo Initiated ln the
ThtllmtiH mny not ond tlioro,    If onco
ono of llio PowerH tokos nn Injudicious Htop—If thoro Ih tho HllKhtoHt
npiioiiraucfl of ono "groat" ICiiropoiui
notion grasping a llttlo of tlio (.poll
of wnr, thon nil will tnko a hand,
and  tho wholo continent  of Europo
will lio tho thoalro of tho moHt bloody
nud doHtructlvo war the world tins yot
soon,     Wo aro not nlarmlstB.     To
cry Woll I Wold wliun thoro ih no oc-
Minion In not iuvhAi fu.illnii but ciliu-
lual,    Uno wo hnvo hnd twisting and
turning about enough.    Wn watt I*
fool moro aocurd' In onr International
relationship!!.    Wo aro too much ln
inn   utirfc   ii»   cu   out   ptmiuon.    A
1-iiroponn wnr |(wo must   not   havo,
And yot a sootlon of tho Prom Ib oven
now trying to work,up nntl-Oormnn
fooling,    It Is monstrous,    It Bhould
bo criminal.     Imagine the position
If thin nnhnppy Unllcnn war nhouli!
spread,    Tho workmon of our town*
and vtlMgoe, men without n nparlr of
fooling QRAinit the Gemmim or tho
pooplo of any other nation, sont to
fight nnd kill mon equnlly Inoffensive
nnd non-nntagonlRtlc. And whnt would
b« gained from   It   alii     Of what
nnrihiy .hm» le It  to nny worlrmnn thnt
thoro should bo war?  What doe* be
get out of it?'' He ,or:his'like provide the; fighting" material, and in the
end he and his like will "have to pay.
A._the best- there' are ■ heavier taxes,
dearer living, instability of trade with
consequent unemployment. .All, this
for—an orgy of mafficking, No.. Jt
must not be. The common people of
Europe ' should insist' upon their' representatives' not' only making every
effort , to end this understanding
whereby,, the danger of future European wars'may be averted or reduced to' infinitesimal proportions. In
the meantime, out there ln the mountain ranges, guns are booming, blades
aro flashing,'and the "red blood drums
down-, on the Insentient rocks. In
tho plains, ylllages are burning, and
tlie clasped hands of women and children , are..raised, to the .unanswering
sky.    At this moment mon aro lying
in hundreds or thousands, suffering
unspeakable agonies—and all through'
the cowardice arid inaction of what
should have "been, the -guardians of
^worldyrighteousness-==i-the-7_lGreat,
Christian" Powers."—Reynolds'.
PROSPECTIVE VALUE IN
"   GROUNDHOG   MOUNTAIN   COAL
A good deal of rubbish is being published in the newspaper press concerning Groundhog Mountain coal. Wo are
told the coal from this field will fill
the demand from the shipping navies
of the Pacific Ocean, presumably ,as a
steam coal. Any man who knows
anything about coal,, knows that' an-
.hraclto has limited uses, and' there
is a case on record where an anthracite mine In Wales was .valueless to
the owners becauso tho only-demand
in that locality was for steam coal and
the coal-of this particular mine was
unsuitable for the purpose. Length
of. flame is'an important - factor. in
"sfeanTcoal:—ThiB~dependB~onvthe"am^
ount of volatile combustible'.matter
distilled from the coal, and on its
chemical composition. .The value of
coal for steam also depends to a great
exent on the character of Its aBh and
the behavior of the latter in the tnr-'
nace. * The most useful classification
giving the value of coals for steaming
purposes Is based on ash, sulphur,'
moisture and volatile combustible matter. , ''''.'
Groundhog Mountain coal, - so far
as yet tested, shows disadvantages in
these factors in respect of Its ash and
combustible >. matter. ' With-; further
development , more favorable conditions for steam coal may develop, as
little is really yet known .about, the.
field.'   The value of the coal for, metal-"
lurgical purposes, -as Iron- and steel
smelting, has yet-to be.-demonstrated.
'GiToun"dhb^_Mb~untaiircqal7glve's^greaf"
romise as a coal for domestic and heating', use, but that use is, limited, and "•
definite'knowledge as to its value for
othor purposes must await future developments! We mention: these features of the coal of the field'so far
as known to put those now interested
as well as prospective investors on
their guard in view of some of the
absurd claims being made for " tha
field. While ah Important discovery
on Its merits, the field has drawbacks which, at the same time, are
deserving of corlalderationln order to
avoid the disappointment that may
otherwise attend. Its exploitation—B.
C. Mining and Engineering Record. "
W 1%
N'T   FORGET
Let Apples be the Gift to your
Friends Across the Sea
Luscious, rosy, juicy, Canadian Apples! Can. you imagine any gift to the dear
ono8 in tlie old land that would be more acceptable?
Because of exceptional shipping facilities, we can mako you this magnificent
offer.   Wo. will deliver FREE OE OIIAEGE to any address
in the British Isles a case of Guaranteed Select Canadian
Apples for the small sum of -	
AVc use standard cases; each Apple is separately packed, and. every precaution
lukoji Lo emtui-u *afu and rapid delivery,,   Over 5.000 cases shipped last yoar.
Mail $3.00 NOW stating where you require the case sent, and WE DO THE
REST,   Give full postal directions, along with your own card for enclosure in
$3.00
CUMi.
MAIL ORDER DEPARTMENT
CANADIAN   EXPORT
180 ST. JAMBS STREET -
Please mtutUon thia Paper
CO.
MONTREAL
i'A-
X\
' i!
:r'«
xi
•J
.a
t r_L>
-* 1'. 1        '
... tfv ■'- -i
^
IQ
K
h -
._:■
?
►a.
#7'.>,
v -1"     »V' «
THE DISTOldT LEDGEB;'FEBNIE, B. JB.f' NOVEJOEE 30,1912.
■ TV'.;-.
PAGE THREE
WOmp7PREV7E7VTyS ;77y
yX^XXi^yBj^^:-Mr}m/i¥.
Y.7-
tt'.. ■.
\\r    i
BRITISH: SOCIETY ORGANIZED TO * ,4//); .CW:
-   -FORfUNATE WORKING MEN—RIGHT]OF
...-'   TOILERS TO, THIN(^.:-OPX:c^itjf__^)XK£jp£
IS DEMANDED.
i -
r- ' .LONDON, Nov;. 21—That it is pos-
■_' sihle by legislation to obliterate-the al-
• most unprecedented' destitution  now
. prevailing in England is the sincere be-'
'■.,. llefofa body.of earnest and'enthuslas-
- ' tie men and women who have inaugurated what'la termed a ''.war against
7poverty," y *    .    7 •   (
,   - There are at iwesent In thlB country
,- between two and three million persons
■   who are unable to.obtain on their
own resources some of the actual necessities of llife.   Of these about one
million, are receiving relief under the
so-called poor law, and   the   others
' ..through various public,  and • private
charitable agencies.     The promoters
7 of tho new campaign hold that organized society—or,   in   other words,
,. government is 'primarily responsible
-for' conditions which   have   brought
that   about — therefore   government
must b© looked to to provide the cure.
7 .Associated on the general commit.
■ tee, formed under the auspices of the
"Labor party and the Fabian Society,
for the purpose of forcing upon public opinion1 and through it upon parliament  the   necessity of   remedial'
■legislation, are three, hundred, leaders
... of thought in the social and industrial
world,   representing     198    different
-bodies, including labor   unions,   cooperative societies and religious and
philanthropic  organizations   through-
'  out the United Kingdom.
,   Establish a Minimum Wage
7 Their watchword is, "the.right of
: workers   to   a   minimum of civilized.
life." ' ••   y.
v MThe definite objects of the movement, as. set _ forth in resolutions
adopted at their recent meeting in
London, are: •','.<_
'/ A legal minimum wage ih all trades.
r\ A minimum -of fdrty-etght hours a
week for all workers* both men, and
^Woinen.' '■'■...'
Prevention of unemployed.
'. ,.; Complete" provision . against, sickness^ ■     ' ' ,.'•'-;.•'
./Proper nurture of child life—food,
clothing and medical,care'to be pro-
' vided where necessary.    . , '    ,
.. Abolition' of the present poor law. ;
V- _ With regard to the constructive fea-
tures of tho program, it is argued that
inasmuch as the _ government already
has. done' something along these lines
there is no logical reason, so long as
the necosBlty exists, why lt should
not do more.-. For instance, it. la
pointed out,,the establishment of the
minimum wage in-the coal fields, by
means of parliamentary action, has
obtained for the lowest paid workers
underground such a substantial increase, of wages as never before had
been obtained by%mere trade union
action. From the standpoint of the
committee the new Health and Unem
ployment Insurance, law, _ while in
many respects a1 move, in the right di-
rectioni has proven Inadequate, and,
moreover, under the present system
of contribution,, imposes too'great a
burden- upon' -those ■ whonr it -is designed to help.    •- ■    ,r    •'
.But it is toward the abolition of the
pcor-law'that the committee Is es.
peclally directing Its ;ef forts. In the
opinion of PrOf. Sidney Webb',''one of
the foremost'soclologlstfc in England,
and who is a leading spirit in the new
industrial crusads. this is the most
inlq'iitous measure on the British statute bolts. '",-■,
Cruelty in GjIrs of Charity
"Helore we can hope to erect the
•.lam, but substantial, structure we
have rl&nned," he said today, "we
must see to it that our foundations are
sound At present j,ur system of society bas,a rotten oase. Underneath
the feet .of the whole wage-earning
classes the,,abyss bf the poor.law.
When a respectable family applies for
relief, we, the government of England,
proceed to break up that family. We
strip each individual of .what makes
life worth living. Before a man enters the poor house he is deprived of
his 'citizenship. He is branded!'as
unfit to vote for, members of parliament.., We put-him to toil or loiter
under conditions that are so demoralizing that he becomes unfit even to work
for a- member of parliament.
"We strip the wife of her children.
We send her to the washtub or into
the sewing room, where -her associates-are .disreputable women or c, imbeciles. The children, if they are less
than five years old', are taken to the
nursery, where they are attended by
disreputable women and imbeciles.
There they remain, - day in and day
out, without ever going down the poor
house steps, until they are old enough
to bo entered in the' miserable poor
house schools—or, until they are taken,
out in-'their coffins, owing .to the terrible' mortality.. among the poor law
babies,--,    r;      ■    I       '
Tried to Trick Dock Strikers
., "That is the pit   of" the poor lawi
which' is still just as Jnfampus as it.
was when a few years ago a royal
commission — composed ofj leading
members of all parties—unanimously
said that it ought to be swept away
as a disgrace to any civilized state.
The continued ■ presence of this demoralizing provision for, the destitute
often prevents the full Use ■ of the
great public services that are devoted
to- the work of prevention. Only recently the educational authorities of
London refused to feed the starving
children ot. the striking dockmen because the way was still open for par.
enta to apply for relief to the board
Isis Theatre
THE   PROVEN   PREMIER
PLAYHOUSE
PICTURE
SPECIAL
Friday, Saturday and
Sat. Matinee
In Old Tennessee
TWO REELS
I i
A Girl Detective's Advontures
among the Moonshiners
Thrilling to the
,        last foot
COMING
The CcEcbratcd Case
In Two Reels.    From the Famous
Novel
■ _• v
That Satisfied Feeling; Gomes After
Attending; the ISIS
of guardians, - .This meant" the association of these children with* paupers
and their fathers being struck off the
rolls of citizvenship-^-avery.cIever way
ih which to. disfranchise the strikers
of the port of __x.__don._7 .. \7.7^"■)'•- "'
"The national scheme of-health in-i
surance is unfair so\Jong as it-forces
the wives and mothers of the working
class,' who toll night.and\day without
receiving wages, and "who contribute
by their tax on tea to the insurance
funds, to go to the poor house and the.
poor law medical officer when they
fall ill."' •' y      ■'   ■ ."..       - ' -•"
FREIGHT TOO HIGH ON COAL
Dealers and Citizens Go Before Railway Commission With Strong Case
—Show How Saving of ,$34.65 Per
Carload Can be Effected.
SASKATOON, Nov. 28.—The Railway Commission' sitting, today was
marked by the presentation of a strong
case on behalf of the Saskatoon Coal
Dealers and citlzens^generally by the
commissioner of the board of trade
in respect to the high freight rates
on coal prevailing in Western Canada. ; The request was made that as
Mr. G. H. Shaw, vice-president of the
C. N. R.'had promised, a reduction ih
such rates from Edmonton to Saskatoon 3 years ago and .had since
made a reduction of only ten cents
per ton, he should fulfil his promise
and bring into effect the reduction so
long looked for. • ,
The main feature of the case as
presented-was that "it was shown be-
yound any doubt that if the rate from
Edmonton to Saskatoon were placed
on the 'same basis as the rate from
Port Arthur to Saskatoon, the difference in favor of the coal merchants
and to the benefit of citizens generally
would be no less than $34.65 per car
load.   '       '.    w .   ,   ,        '
An application to run the street cars
aqross the Canadian Northern lines on'
Brandon street is before the commission. . A" decision, will probably be
reached by the board today.
CHILD NOT A GIRL; YOUNG
PARENTS  PUT  IT  IN   RIVER
CINCINNATI, Nov.. 24.—Disappointed because their 10-days' old' baby was
a boy, when they wanted-a girl, Mr
and Mrs. Pred Kipp, each'22' years
of age, -wrapped"the child in a .shawl
and tossed him into the Ohio river.
They were arrested Tuesday night
and the husband'confessed, blaming
his wife for wanting to dispose of the
child. ' ',        "
GUSTAVE  HERVE  IN JAIL
' ROME, Nov. 23.—The French anti-
military agitator, Gustaye Herve, came
to Rome two days ago for the purpose
of speaking'at,a Socialist meeting,
which it. was proposed to hold to-morrow to protest against the war. He
was,placed under arrest this evening
after an anti-military' demonstration
by his Socialist sympathizers.
AWAKE, ORGANIZE
EDUCATE, AGITATE1
Compare these prices with any catalogue and you will see we
can save you money. Should anything go wrong with the
goods we sell you, we are always willing to make it good.
GENTS'  WATCHES
7 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune ease $8.75
15 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune ease 9.75
17 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case 11.25
21 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case   32.50
23 Jewell Vanguard Watch    45.00
21 Jewell A. C. Liphardt movement in For- . /
turie Case'    20.00
, We guarantee this to be one of the finest timepieces anyone can carry.
We have a very fine 14k Solid Gold Watch, with
a fine movement, for      $35.00
ALARM CLOCKS
From 75b. to the 8-day Alarm at     $3.00
In Clocks we have them from the fine Westminster Quarter-hour Chime at $30.00 to a one-day man-,
tel Clock at $1.50.
We have "some very fine old country. Clock's with
■bronze figures. "
Remember!—We guarantee them all.
LADIES'WATCHES
We have a 7-jewel movement, in a good quality
Gold-filled hunting cSise, with best quality lady's
long chain in a plush box for  : $14.00
Without chain $10.00
The same case and chain, with 15-jewel movement  t $16.50
The same case aud chain, with   the   very   best
movement made for a lady's watch $22.00
14K Solid Gold case, with a fine 17-jewel movement  ' $30i00
See our Single-stone Diamond Rings for $25.00.
2 Diamonds and Ruby, or2 Rubies and Diamond,
at ; $25.00
2 Diamonds and emerald $30 to $50.
These stones are all first quality and are guaranteed.
Remember we sell as cheap as any
Departmental store and our goods
are better.
,_ 'i
A C, LIPHARDT,   Fernie, B. C.
A labor organization's greatness does
not alone depend upon its numerical
strength, but upon tho education of
its members to know why they are organized, says a writer ln the Vancouver World.
A lahor organization Is not a mutual admiration society, nor an old
mald'fl sewing circle, but an effort on
tho pnrt of its mombors to bottor their
economic position In society.
. Tlio rapid changes that are constantly taking place in the mothods of
production require continual efforts on
tho part of trado unions to maintain
the rights of the working people,
It Is well enough to cry for "liberty"
when slavory ragos, but the crying will
not bring It.' ^Vlmt nro you doing to.
advance tho Interests of,your union?
Whon mothers In England, tlo__un>
anlzod and unmothciizod, wore made
boasts of burden, carrying their chlldron closo. to tholr breasts, whllo they
thomsolvoa woro hitched to coal cars
and drow tholr burden through tho underground mlnos, lt took tho laboring' man to abolish It.
Tlmo and again wo boo tho union
mon purclmeo non-union cignrs and
othor non-union goodB. Thoy demolish tho goodB and Incroano tho evil
by dosing their oyos to tho confloqu-
oncoB of Miolr nct»,
There It more dinger of a laboring
organization being destroyed from with
In than by external foe_.
If you nro ono of those thnt utay
away from tho meetings of your union,
aiirpiiBo you pro] f by attending thorn
rogulnrly, livery mooting you Imvo
absented yourself from la an Indication that you don't enro what your
working conditions nro to bo.
Coaso blaming othorB for rosuHa
which you havo. It In your powor to
romody.   Do not oxpoct Ujobo whoso
lntorosts aro at variance with yours
t.  ..,„.! ,%, . .if ». „ ,
\\J   i.b.«w_*    t~uv    VI**    .ft*    Jt/».
Awfikc, pdurntf, pjjl.Mo nnd or.irnn-
lzo,
first eight'years after the passage of
the law,there was only one application
to the official1 mediators and their efforts-to settle-this controversy ended
i__J_an-Ur_e_7__Jh.e__Comml.ss
bor' thought it worth- while.'to tell the
storyjin detail. It was worth while;
but the story cannot be told in full
here-ronly enough of it to point to a
certain moral.     . *'' ' '   "    '
"Case' No. 1" points 'more than one
moral.' .\,    '
In 1898 the switchmen employed at
Pittsburgh by some half a dozen roads
asked.for more wages. The demand
was refused and the switchmen's organization appealed to the'mediators
named in the law to use their good offices, accompanying the request with a
letter, stating their demands and tho
reasons' why ,it was thought they,
should be granted. ■ The mediators'
wrote to each of the roads concerned
offering their services and enclosing a
copy-of-the-letter-from-the-switchmen's
union. The "replies -were polite'but
firm. Nothing doing # tbe way of
higher wages; no mediation desired. -
. These replies' are given in full in,
Bulletin No. 98, omitting only the
name of the road sending each letter.
Railroad A wrote that it had reduced
rates to shippers and dividends to
stockholders practically , one-half In
twenty-five years: in recent years dividends had been scarce and exceptional; prices were advancing and it had to
pay more for supplies; safety-devices
had been adopted reducing risks to
switchmen.    Railroad B had no earn
ings beyond actual requirements for Its
operating" and fixed charges. Railroad
C had- Bpent large sums improving
its track and equipment and for safe-
ty-applianees;~supplies~hadTadvanced"
in prices; rates had declined. Rail,
road D was in the hands of a receiver,
perhaps owing to undue liberality in
the matter of wages, although this Is
not stated. Rates had' been steadily
reduced; security holders were suffering painful disappointments. Railroad E was a small road and would
abide by the decision of the large ones.
If they we're going to ruin themselves
by paying higher wages Railroad E.
wouldn't mind going smash ln the
general cataclysm. (Railroad E
doesn't put It just this way, but doubt-
loss that Is what is mennt.)    Railroad
F. considered itself a local road, not .
subject' to the Erdman law.     TJnder-
the circumstances, how could wages
be raised?   The mediators were power- •
less_and~wit'hdrew.
It is sad to find that the swjtchinen
continued their agitation.
It is astonishing to learn that, a
few -months,, after this, a strike vote
was taken, "and shortly thereafter an
increase In wageB was granted by the
roads!" _ ■ '   '
MORAL.—When you see ln the
morning paper that the railroads cannot pay higher wages, or higher taxes,
or reduce rates, or do some other unpleasant thing, don't be downeharted.
You don't know what thoy can do until
they try. Remember "Case No. 1."
—The Public.
&-I
•■CA8H No. 1."
Hullotln No. l>8 q$ tjio Bureau or I.n-
bor, liBtiod In Jan/nry, 1912, U devoted
chiefly to the ■uUJftot of modlntlon nnd
arbitration oV labor dliputos, The
flrat paper In tho Bullotln, that of Chna
P. Nell!, Commlai.oner of Labor, dertla
with tho o'peratjon of the law known ao
tho IBr^innn Act, paiied In Juno, 1808,
wlilc'. made It tlu> 'duly of llw Chair-
mnr/of tbo Interitaito Commerce Com-
w/iBlon and tho Communion of Labor
lb modlati^ certain dlnputos bntw<v.n
rnilroadi nnd their employe* nt the
reqneat of either party or to arbitrate
with the ronwn. of holh.    Durfue th<!
(
TEN GREAT FACTS Concerning the Future of
Athabasca Landing
1. THE FACT that Athabnsea Landing iH tho
only gatewny to tho opening up of the New Umpire—the Grnndo Prairie and Pence River country,
which him millions of norcs ol! tho richest Canning
land in Western (Jiu.ft.1n, nnd a climnlo most amiable to wheal growing.
2. TIIH FACT Hint AtlinbiiHoii Landing iH sil.-
t.ntod on tho moHt southern point oC tho Athabasca
l.ivor wliioh Iuih four thousand miles ol' nnviRitblo
wnlnr.
!l. Till'.4FACT Hint Athabasca Landiiifr Ih tlio
wholoNi.le, innniifiusturinK and diHlriliiil inpr c.ity for
tlio Grande Praii'io and Poaco Hivcr Country.
4. T1IM FACT Unit Athabasca Landing Iuih Hio
Impost flow of nnturnl km in WcHtoni Caniuln,
which in thc groitloHt nssot to mnimfiidurinK concerns,
fi. Till'. FACT tlmt Alhnlmsen Lrmdinp? ih surrounded by lho richoBt oil fiolds iu Western Cannda.
0.   THE FACT thnt Atlu.br.sca Landing has tho
- proatost deposit of asphalt in the world which is
tho most needed resource to Western Caniuln, owing to it« rapid development.
7. TUB FACT thnt AlhabiiHci. Landing 1ms a
pulp-wood industry which, when developed, will
supply nil Western Canada with paper.
S. TJ1K FACT Unit Athabasca Landing has
companies Midi iih Canadian' Pacific, Ciiniulinn Northern, The Sleep Hank Oil Co., Tho Grout North
Oil and Asphalt Co,, Amcricaii-Caiuuliuu Oil Co.,
and Hovoral other private companies enormously
capitalized which aro developing thoso ivsnurccH,
... Tlll-J KACT tlmt Allmbiisca Lauding j„ t|M.
Northern Terminal for tlio C. N. J_, lines, Canadian
I'noifie Lines, Grand Trunk Pacific. lim-H, Trims-
Pacific, MclCoiizio and Hudson's May Kailrond.
10.   TIM. PACT thut when investing in Atliu-
basca Landing realize that you can buy cIohcsI in
.   property ut lowest price and most reasonable Iitiiin,
with ovory lot guaranteed, by tlm largest and most
reliable llcnlty Firm of Western Cannda:
___.& ________ ____P^        JL   '     I ■*%
nriCv/U iCneOn    DrOS
LIMITED
LIphardt Block - FERNIE, B„ C. - Open Evenings
Hood OUIce: Calgnry, Altn.   Krone). Olliccs: Penile, Edmonton, Victoria, Moomj Jaw, Kc^iim, Princo
Albert, SuRkAtonn, Toronto, Ottawa, Montrnil. Hmntfonl, London & Plymouth, Eng., Glasgow, Scot. ■ y y
;'> ..
_.
j; ...
• }•:
■7
*
li'
I
I *':';*
.     ...jr..
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGi^ 51IRIHE,   B. C., NOVEMBER 30,1912:
ASyyS:
:    ' "'.•'.-• - ii      ■   '■    l; . .  ,
, Published every. Saturday morning, at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. p. Subscription $1.00
per- year in advance.    An = excellent advertising
Medium.   Largest circulation in the District   Ad-
* ,.       . . '
- rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the^exeeution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
Telephone1 No: 48..
H. P. NERWICH, Editor,
Post Office Box No. 380
..UNION
'J?&SSy~
J
A "PRACTICAL5' PLAN (!) TO PREVENT
PAUPERISM.
OX another page we reproduce1 an .irlicle from
the Morning Albertan (Calgary), of Nov. 22,
showing (?) how to prevent poverty by law.
.Rcitd it carefully, and then read it again, it's
■worth Ihe trouble if only .to establish the fact that
there are so many individuals that are credited with
the possession of intelligence who, by their- actions
evince but scant proof in substantiation.
■ Abolish poverty by law—Marvellous! Stupendous ! Might as well attempt to abolish gravity by
law.' Truth to tell, our gravity was almost upset'
when we first read this brainy (!) production. Oh!
the l^iehness of the humor, the bland simplicity of
the age! Listen to this:/'That it is possible by legislation to, obliterate thc almost unprecedented destitution now prevalent in England is the sincere
belief of a body oC earnest and enthusiastic men and
'women who have inaugurated what is termed 'a
war against poverty.
We shake with laughter
when we hear the phonograph record about "building the new school house out of the old school
house while the'old school house is standing," this
is funny, and is so intended; but Rube of village
fame is a real Socrates compared to those "earnest
and enthusiastic men and women" referred to.
"Talk about tilting, at" windmills;-they out-Quixote
Cervante's hero by several generations.
■ One feature that is worth stopping to consider is
the statement that "between two and three million
persons .<.... unable to obtain on tlieir own resources some of-the actual necessities of life ,.*. . ."
(Note, please, that tliis is not put forward by one
of those "hatred-creating Labor orr Socialist
sheets"—No! these figures arc really less than the
-actualunumbe^JiQ-W3.veTi,-.-thcv^-ai'e--lug— cnougli—to,-
■make even a pinhead intellect pause.) "Probably
some of our total abstinance cranks will tell us tbat_
beer is at'the bottom of it, although their own sta-
tistics show a decided per capita decreased consumption among the working class. So much for
such argument (!)■■' '
Trade depression is blamed by some of thc skim-
my surface explainers, who do not explain. That
gag will not go down, as the trade returns so far for
3012 surpass all previous records.
That-fearful poverty doos exist in Great Britain
nobody can deny, yet the revolutionary Socialists
who aro thc only ones that have scientifically investigated the cause, show how the conditions inhere
in the present methods of administering the affairs
of society are dubbed ns "visionaries,"''impossil.il-
ists," and yet wc have men and women thnt claim
,to bo "practical" that have the off ron try to "abolish poverty by law.'' So long as thc laws aro ■mndo
, by and for tho continuance of thc making ol! profit,
which is a word thnt really moans the excess or
surplus valne produced ovor and nbovo whnt is paid
to the wago-enrning olass to buy the necessaries
for its own cost of production, it is manifest nbsurd
to "abolish poverty." TheRc philandering philanthropists expend a vast amount oi! energy in thoir
attempts to lessen tho social evils, not bocnuso, ns so
many easily gulled workers imagine, for tho poor,
but to lengthen thoir own tenure of possession.
Government, which is todny simply a committee
of the ruling clnss, cannot nbolish poverty by legislative enactment, even if such n rosult wero possible
—which it is not--because Vo do so would spell suicide. Never mind if there be Lnbor or Kiibinti so-
cietk'H that are engaged iu tlut work, that in nowise
alters the fact that thoy nre barking u|_'the wrong
live, no long as tho root in loft undisturbed. Gov-
onimi'iit cnn of foot a euro only whon Hint inst itn-
tion is operated by mid Tor tho interests of lho pro-
diioing i'Iiinh on Iho basis of the payment of the full
social vnluo lo the producer, Noil hor moro nor
loss can ever abolish poverty. Tho incroaso of
wngi'M may benefit a fow individuals, bul not tho
working class as n whole, for how can n fraction
bo paid to a whole mcinlior nnd the receivers nf thnt
fraction buy bnck nny moro of tho wholo than ho
or she hns received 1
The more ono reads and anal.vzoH this program
tho more tho conviction is forced upon uh that nil
tho dopo fiends aro not inside the confines of j,nn
IIM> illlll.
'■Their watchword is: •'ihe right, oi workers to a
Minimum of civilized life' " How lovely 1 how dia-
ingenuous! "Hightl" What "right" have tho
workorR None whatever, when by their own nrt-
\it»n .!i_-> t ..m..)tii*ii «\cr,v num. ny ili'icgaluig
to others tho milking off thc rulp« that shall govern
them. No! whon onco tho workers realize thoir
folly (and that is what hucIi HchemoN aro intended
to provont them doing), instead of a "right to a
minimum" thoy will do^lnm and nw^rt tholr
"might" not to a "minimum," hut to a "maximum
of civilized life." Thnt this mental revolution will
bo effected in the nonr future is vory doubtful, ns
tlio worked* an; so dor ply nl coped in tho woroliip of
the god» their own stupidity hns bnildod, evidenced
, by the reluctance to wak._ laws that will not too «cri.
ously disturb' the peace and-quietness'of the master
class, is corroborative testimony sufficiently pronounced for even the most optimistic. 7-  -      ,   ..-_
.-■'-  ■ .' ■•    ■-■   ' ■;«*• y       •-'*.
"A,legal minimum ,-wage iri all trades.''/ "What a
farce! If minimum wages'.be paid "in-;all trades,
and the cost of production is thereby augximent'ed
the price of other commodities must be enhanced,
and as they have received the .higher' (nominal)
wage must of necessity pay the higher.price, for
whatever they purchase, how can this result in' the
abolition of poverty _ ■ It would be about as effectual as if a man who was 6 ft. tall was told to reach
to the top of a 24 foot pole, whose height had been
lengthened to eight feet and told that he would be
better able to stretch his arm to' the top of a 32 foot
pole. '
■ Some readers may say that according to this reasoning we depreciate any attempt to obtain a higher
(nominal) wage, to .which we reply.Ave don't, for
the very simple reason that they who have «not
grasped the affect of thc wage system must by failure to realize any real advautage'be brought to understand that nothing short of the' abolition of the
wago system can solve the problem. Again, the
workers do not agitate for an increase in their wages
until the commodities they require lo supply them
with the 'means of supporting them in the standard
of living tliey have been enjoying, have risen in
price, in other words, when the length of lho pole
has been extended, then they endeavor to get tbeir
arms lengthened. Wages are higher in Canada than
■in England, but poverty, although by no means so
intense, is not, an unknown quantity in this- Dominion which"it most assuredly should be if the way to
abolish poverty is to,,pay a.higher wage. Look at
the issue squarely in the face and look beneath the
surface of all these cut-and-dried plans and we find'
that there is no real merit in them.
"A minimum of .forty-eight hours a week for all
workers, both men and women."
This doesn't sound too bad, and many who do not
realize that appearances often deceive will exclaim ;
"That's the right path out of the difficulty^ lessening the hours there will be more people given
work!" Looks logical enough, butjs that the result ? Probably for' an inappreciable period it may
affect the number of employed, still there are other
factors at work. Take as an illustration the mining world with its eight hour day, thc increased production per capita is greater than when 10 hours
constituted a day's labor. Why is this? The answer is an easy one. ' Labor-displacing machinery
has-been introduced and will1'continue to be introduced. The only advantage, and it is a-very important one, of the shortened day is that it does af-'
ford an opportunity for .'the worker., to pick up a,
paper, read books on various subjects whereby, his'
brain becomes more receptive and his store of knowledge expanded; thus lie can come to a'better under.-
SI"On_n   1. fV—1"_ |_tn_Q_ Art fill Ai\iia_ o^-""«+1'"ir_—nrwi Pma__i+_« fw—li-i-ivi-
wifcxj.vi.lMg-iUJL-ui.lv^— v^wx_i\/iii_iv-bJ.bllU viOII-V^UiiJ.1 VULil_l££~~_L._J.lli.~
WORDS OF WISDOM FQ&WATTS OP
;; ;7\^wA^sBintcrir;.
SOME time' ago ' we'-' received^' communications'
.    ' from* Mr. .Watts,'of ^Vattsbufg, in one of which"1,
he. made the statement that a 'comment had been'
made that at a,Conservative, meeting one of the parties attending same'during a-.convention in which
this paper.was-mentioned," stated-that the Ledger
was afraid to' make any adverse /criticism of ..the
C. P. R.% It would indeed be, interesting to know
the name of* this individual/because this paper has
at all times shown a willingness not only to criticise
the C. P. R., but even has taken Mr. .Watts himself
to task. - Whether or not Mr.:Watts was actuated
by a desire.to get a reproduction of his article dealing with transportation questions';is=iridi_ed an open
question, especially so when,-takirig into consideration'the irrefutable fact, as referred to above, that
tho Ledger never hesitates to criticize any question
which it may deem of interest tb the working class.
This subject which is one 'that we may say'Mr.
Watts is in a measure obsessed and persistently giving evidence of his animosity towards the C. P. TR.,
is really not one in which any working class inter-
sts aro involved, but on thc contrary, it is the colleagues of the Wattsburg lumbermen who-'are the
greatest sufferers from inadequate transportation
facilities.     Tho C. P. R., like every other commercial institution, is not in business for anybody else's
welfare but simply and solely "to subserve ils own
"material interests.     Mr. Watts, like every other
sensible merchant -or   manufacturer, would not
think of continuing operations which wore unprofitable, neither does the C. P.' R.   To be in a posi.
tion to supply-the cars and other .equipment for the-
purpose of handling traffic wheu it suits the purpose of the shipper means that there would be stick
a vast amount of invested capital lying dormant
at other times through" lack!- of merchandise to fill
the cars that a'great monetary loss must of necessity ensue.     The great trouble-with so many of
the type of. Mr. Watts is blindness to the real situation only-Avheri they themselves are suffering , Let
us look at this question from the" viewpoint-of the'
lumber manufacturer.     It so happens that he may
have a number,of orders delivery upon which is
delayed because; of car shortage.'    Immediately'he
commences a grojvl on account of. the .likelihood of
a loss resulting to him by reason of such conditions.
Op. the other hand let us suppose that the lumber
-Market js glutted, order's'fewaridfaf between, side
tracks and'railroad spurs full of "empty, carp,- tKen=
:^%^rue"'.commercial'instinct the sawmill is" closed
down and the Vorkers discharged, becausktlfere is'
no use,for their, continued'-employment;* and theyv
can" tramp or starve or find another master, and it
is no concerri'of the.lumber manufacturer^ what be-'
cpmesof t.hem^-the'fiuman rolling stock?     It is
always.a questiorrof "whose" ox is-gored;',' and we
venture to remark, that if the circumstances were
reversedr-i.e:/ that tlie "lumber manufacturer b'e:
came - a - railroad dividend participator and. vice
versa.the, latter became interested in the shipment
of lumber products, different glasses- would   be'
worn by the respective individuals.  7Mr.'"Watts
shows by his ."observations that the present system
of handling industrial affairs is really' anarchistic,-
in the strict meaning of this word, viz., disordered.
The whole problem is a social one* but this'gentle-
,man, like the majority of his class, can only see-
those things that affect hini.individually and "is un-'
able to discern anything beyond.     So long as tlie
railroads, and in fact every other institution, are
operated for individual benefit or profit, so long
must such conditions prevail, and all of the invec/
tive, condemnation or more less'wordy outbursts
that are hurled-against the effects of the existing
regime, no permanent solution to the trouble is'possible.     Mushy scntimeutalism about the unfortunate worker is so much'birdlime spread over the
surface to cover'up what below would be found to
be MATERIAL INTERESTS of the,writer of'the
article;' '   ' .      .
- Let, us be .candid: Every man in business is not
there for the public weal, .but solely for his own.
Incidentally, however*, and it,is only "incidentally,
he may be supplying that,,which is required for
others, but he does not supply them because of their
,use, but simply for the monetary advantage that he'
gets from them: ."This is what.the Socialists- call
the Materialist Conception of History, and its ac-.
curacy.is most pointedly emphasized, even though'it"
be unconsciously, by Mr. Watts'""literary production, and if he ,or any other individual can show
wherein the statements made are illogical, he or
"they are perfectly fit liberty to make use of our columns as it is only by a discussion of such vital issues
that even those who are imeducatcii-^n sociology
and political economy may be brought to 'a-realization of the fact that all, of the" evils which are part
and parcel of present' day .society cannot be eliminated without a complete social'revolution.
WorkmenStarving's,
in City of London
and his class"; he has a little morc'"lime to dig,into
some of the working class philosophy and.grasp its
principles. This'is the advantage of fewer hours,
and the yiaster class, generally speaking, fight against a* decrease of .hours more strenuously than
they do against a slight increase of wage. t They
know, or at least sense, the danger of allowing the
workers to cultivate their intellects upon subjects
which jeopardize their material interests.    '
"Prevention of'unemployment"! llow brief!
yet,oh! how pregnant with food for thought. Goods
aro made for profit; the market becomes glutted;
there'are large-stocks on the.shelves; .what happens?- Men and women arc laid-off because ofa
lack of ordors! . This is plain enough, and yet these
"Fnl.inn" Utopians are going to put a stop to unemployment by legal enactment. They might, with
equal expectation of success salve a pimple or whisper incantation's over a boil as pretend (because it is
the veriest pretence) to think it possible lo eliminate enforced idleness without a complete revolution
of the system, whother thnt system be tho physical
or the social ono.
"Complete provision against sickness" !-
Wo must again term this an impossibility while
things aro as they arc. Lot us continue tho line
of argument where we left off with tho comments
on tho "Prevention of unemployment."
Enforced idleness is tho natural outcome of. a
glutted market; men and womon aro forced down to
tho minimum of subsistence, thoy nro insufficiently
nourished, in other words, nro on tho vorgo of star,
vation, tli_.,y cnnnol bo siii.l to bo physically in tho
best condition to resist disensc, jind sickness ensues.
Proven! this by Iiiw!--llio veriest humbug! And it
doos not require anything moro than tho uso of tho
simplest of common sense to demonstrate this truth,
"Propor nurture of child lifo; food, clothing and
juridical euro to bo provided whoro accessary."
This sounds O.K., but tup it with nn analytical
hinimor nml il re-echoes with tho liollowiicss of its
I '"loi.si.u.,vi. ,' i, mi rv.t., v, Jinan arc innrriod; tlr_'-
nro physically weakened by sickness resulting from
insufficient, nutrition; what must bo tho effect upon
tho child lifo in coiii'm' of format ion? Can it got
proper nurture? It \» out of tho question, for thoso
responsible for its boing (tho parents) cannot, givo
thai which tli'.ylliomsolvo.s do nol onjoy, hence tho
child is born nnnomie, perhaps has convulsion.!,
rjK'li.tis from its vory entry upon life's stngo.
Uirn down tho category of all thc ilia mentioned
'•tint are to ho (THUD (!) by law, nml I hoy aro
simply part of thc poverty brood and cannot bo
i-radioatod until tho source Ih oliminntod, Tliis cnn
bo acoomplislipd by tho chnngo of tho entire system
irom Hint ot the l'nvaio Ownership ol ilie moniiN of
production and distribution to thnt of the Collective
Ownership.
Noiyu~Cuseyfor-~Sou~fi--Ktfchens~ory^
Government Must Come to Rescue
tators and friends who accompanied
liim, but it could not save him from
prison.    -    , / '.
"It is the sentence of the court that
you pay a fine of $2,000'and ba.impris-
oned in .the "King County jail for one
year." said Judge Cushman.
■ JokirH. Bullock, of Portland ' and
LONDON, Nov, 29.—As a result of
the dock strike poverty is rampart in
tho porer quarters of London thousands of able-bodied' workmen and their
dopondents are starving. Local, authorities with the end iu view to ve-
Jieve the distress ave caling on the
govevnment to take action to alllcviato
_he suffevings of tho men women and
children,  - •
Jleanwhllo politicians are telling tlio
people they ave living In dnys of excep-
tlonttl prosperity, but the govomment
blue books do,not colncldo \vlth facts.
Thore avo thousands of men In London
skilled artisans and laborers who are
vainly searching for work that is not
thore for them to' do.
Starvation In East End
From the cast ond camo IinrrowInR
stories of starvation and mlsory and
tho local authorities ln Wostham nlonc
—a district peopled wlbli families of
laboring classes and qulto distinct
froty tho foreign element that Inhabits
the Whltochapel nnd'Mllo End road
quarters—estimate thnt there nro at
lenst 50,000 bvendwlnora out of om-
Hloymont. Tlio resources of tlio local
poor law ration nnd charltnblo organizations aro overtaxed ond In whole
blocks of .lonuoly populated buildings
thoro nro mon nnd womon on tlio
verge of starvation and liaggnrd mon
filled with despnlr.
Not ovon In days when Industrlnl
conditions woro at low obb wero tlio
povorty and tho misery In London
greater than thoy nro tftday nnd.on nil
hnuilH It, is ngrood that this deplorable
stato of things Is lho direct outcome
of the Industrial upheaval of the Inst
two yearn,
In the-' districts - refevved to it
is-a"1 common experience to see pale-
faced' children' dragging at the skirts
of despairing' women.. The physicians
are working at top pvessure but babies
aro dying in alarming numbers In
homes of hopeless poverty.
Hundreds Apply for Jobs
Hundreds "of men loaf around the
dock gate's hour after hour, 'day after
day, wearily hoping to ,get a chance'
job. Whon thb gangers como' through
tlie gates jingling little 'brass discs,
which tell of,work,for a mere "handful
of the hundreds who are clamoring for
lt, the dejected crowd suddenly bo-
comes alort wltii a.tension of hopo and
expectnnoy. Quickly the discs uro .distributed, and the lucky ones disappear
through the gates, whllo the rejected
turn nway, sad eyed and woebegone,
the losers In this tragic gamble for
work, Scenes similar to this aro enacted dally, and it ls said that only the
government can tticklp' tho problom,
whlcli hns gone beyond tlio powor of
all local authorities, organizations and
voluntary, helpers,
"It ls not a case of soup kltchons
or for public doloB," snld an nlderrnnn
of tlio local municipal council, "tho
government must do something, The
officers linvo exhausted tholr grants
uiiil the worldioiiHos aro full."
One man tried to ornnnlKO rollof
work by getting nion to clour tho wiuto
nnds around tho docks, Klvo thousand
mon applied for thlH cm ploy mont, nnd
HioiiBuiMlH hnvo tholr iinmos on tlio
booltH or iho locnl brunch of tlio govornmont labor oxcluingo.
MURDER I     HELP I     POLICEI
"Wo doniro it to bo distinctly understood that wo
neither vooommoiul nor put our atamp of approval
on any ronl ostato ailvortiaemontR which appear in
our columns.. \\> simply nooopt thorn uh hmincM
proportions, and nny of our renders who nre think-
ing of investing tlieir hard-onrnod monoy in tntch
speculation must cnrofully investigate and find out
for themselves as to (heir value.
Al Wlnflng \mib arrested ln»t night
by Cri'.B.alilo llnrvlson fir nttomptlng
lo itot Into tho Cnnndn Wholesale
through ono of tho basement windows.
On lilu way to tho station, whon opposite tlio Post Office, ho throw hlin.
solf on tlio (.round and started yelling "Help! Murder! Pollco!" IIo wa's
slightly tho worso for liquor.     Ho
flfllntoit    In    hn   <i    rnnnnMnMr-    flll^fti
*
and thnt thn r-miwtnhl.* hnd no rtp.M to
nrrost, him. During tho night, In the
colls, ho kept on shouting unintelligibly much to .the nnnovmicn of the warder and othor Inmatoi,
I'M. PnitorFwn'n Sr T(nrTin'>>1 <t«i»
draw tlio attention of the constable to
Winfing's doings.
COULIEHY MANAGER CONVICTED
AND 8ENT TO JAIL
Defrauded Government by Collusive
Bide.—Former President ef Another
Concern Accompanies Him to
Prl»on.
TACOMA, Wneb., Not. !»«_—"Ther»
Is In Soattlu tonight an honest woman, » loving woman, who has been
upon hnr knees nil day weeping and
praying Unit the hiIkiiii. or a prUonor
husband should not lo placed upon
lipr bnliefl-a stigma thoy would carry
ul, tholr lives, Thia woman Is hoping with nn aching heart that she, hor
two balms and mysolf uro not disgraced forovor,
"1 novor profited ono penny from
nny biiIoh to tho government, I nevor
authorized anyono to approach n jur-
nf   t»rllfnrfnn,-n    T   .....,..., 1    1. ,i   I,
 >-■•   "a -»   <••
"i would nnt mnVo thl« p.«>n tnr mv-
self, A man Is supposed to Btnnd any-
thing that comes to him, and what I
say Is not for mysolf but for those
whom I lovfi nnd are donr to mo,"
With tlio fr»rrn»fi(tn. rtcinnntln nnnnn\f
tbo first ho over iiiyin In his life,
Charles K. Houston, .managor of tho
Pacific 'Coest Coal Cot\pany of Boat,
tlo, tbe largest concern nf Ita bind in
tho northwogt, convicted of defraud*
lng the govomment of about $50,000
by eonaplrncy to obtain conti^cta on
collusive lifdf, faced Judge Cushman
In the federal court last nlRht for sentence, every resource of expert counsel having been vainly e_._M_us1«<d i>
save him from prison.      '
The plcturo lio drew brought tears
to the eyes of tho little band of apse
Ban- Fraiicisco, wlid^was ~formerly"
president of the John J,,Sesnon 'Company, also convicted of being in- the
conspiracy, received a like sentence. .
and' in7theiri h^d'sXare'ftaiives- anjl; '.- \
spoons7aiid''scfubbfag^tirushes. Some; ^ -
axe'hbldingvbabes in 'affectionate em- ".'- ■
b'raoe,'/,,,". 7, ' -.^'.y v 77'.-.-7 '    '   • '7
:ivt ■the 'eyes of''these" women' is .seen •,. f
the fi"ri."'ofi fear, .'their bosoms heave, y.^'
Their "brbw.s are wrinkW'by anxiety.* 7£
And they, have good cause for anxiety.   ••"
Teari'ng-;away at the'.heart of -.every -y
woman is a great big question mark.,'    .
,1s the', ambulance, bringing'her thus-  ■.
band?.'    \.  ,,. yy" "'   7  y
"Yesterday the husband of onewo^     •'
man'had his chest crushed.   A black    •■•
crepe is pinned upon the;door,"for he ':
is dead. , 7 -.   7 y '
Last week a breadwinner who lives, ;
a little way up xhe-street was brought. -,'*
home min'usva leg. • Here' and there , '
you see a boy. or man leaning on a
crutch.'    The ''head- of   some   are   ,
swathed'in cloth.   .The hands of otlv- "■
ers aro wrapped in bandages.   Now.  .
.you   understand' why ' windows, and.-, ,
doors flew.open.,
'i The mines and'shops and factories, .•
are ■ slaughter houses of men. ,.  '•■
'Every/year maiiy hundred ' thousands' are, maimed anil injured"1 and
'killed; Tho public knows littlo about
thesS terrible accidents. If it did, pep-
Pie would not tolerate such conditions
another five minutes. Newspapers do ,
not' write about such accldonts except,
when large liumhersare killed. Ne\Vs- •
papers are subsidized by men who own
tl- i Industries. '■•..'..
Human lite is so", very, cheap today.
Private property is so yory sacred.
"    -'I ■'*-.* .,*' •■ ■
In the United'.Statos71,664,000 per-,
sons are annually-iulured in the in1 ,
('■istrles ot'the nation. .   ' "'y       'y.
-■ '' ■   ■■' '"1    V "   ,
Has the government .employed. any
;'gid measures to proveatsuchcai^-.
trophies? , Real   Americaii'^in'erests
are embodied In the .llvea-^of'.'human 7 -.,
beings; not in'the investments 0/;W.all'
Street in Mexico. '      '        '7 •     ■•;■
The United States government 7 has'«_;
never used a' gun to protect the lives -;v
of American, workingmen and women:1 ••;■
It has never imprisoned a thieving''
plutocrat for sapping .. children's. 7''
strength.      • - ;
Guns havo always been used against
workingmen.'    Prisons' have   always
been filled by workingmen. And work- V. ■
ingmen have always made the guns
and built the prisons.
Perhaps workingmen deserve guns   .
and prisons. .  Perhaps they love - the'
system which hounds-  and' harrows'1'',
them.  . When they will; see .through •
the game of. economic-robbery they
.may stqp making guns and begin to'  ;'
make -ploughshares. •. They may , stop
to build prisons-:and begin.'to erect '■.
homes for their, class.   .•   .        '     , ifJ'
. When they realize their,unity offln-   -',
>f>r_P<ih__Jh«y ti-111    rianlAc.   tn ■ 'win '- Iho
-  :   *7      .->■.——-— — „     ~^-
mines, shops and -factories *■ to-- suit -
WORKS THIRTY-THREE
■f    .. YEARS WITHOUT PAY
Aged Woman Saved Salary.Vouchers
. —"Statute of Llmltatlons"-Renders„
Them Invalid
WASHINGTON, D. C. "Nov 20.--After "thlrt'y-flve years of labor us a
seamstress for the Federal government
Mrs. Kate Coombs, of Washington, D.
C, finds that she will.get no pay for
thirty three1 years' of her work—
and all through her own negligence,
or rather fulso Ideas of saving,
Mrs. Coombs, who ls almost eighty
years of age, has been .employed during her long service lh tho department
of engraving and printing, to' mend
the sheets which covor the monoy
mnklng mnchlnes when they nro not
in uso. Her salary during that timo
should havo boon JI'O a month, or for
tlio thlrty-tlirco years of her sorvlco,
f 1.200.
Every month sho has drawn hor pay
vouchors, but lias novor mndo any effort to cnBh thorn, carefully soorotlng
tliem at her homo Instead. It was
hor Intention to save thorn until Bhe
should rotlro from governmental service, and then cash all vouchors to«
gather. This saving waa posslblo, ns
sho had other sources of Incomo othor
than her salary.
Hut ln pny vouchors thoro Is a
"statute of limitations,',' as woll as In
othar things with which the govornmont hns to do. In this Instance tho
statute roads that if government pny
vouchors nro not enshod within two
years nftor tliey nro Issued, thoy hocomo null nnd void. So lt was when
Mrs. Coombs doclded to rotlro from
hor duties nB sonmstrcss Hlin discovered thnt instead of $1,200 being duo hor
sho could actually cnlloct hut $210,
Unions congress comes to hor aid,
tills ngod woman will linvo to suffer
tlio '.ous of $3,800—thc result of thlr.
ly-l'irce i'enrs of hnrd work.
MAMMON'8    SLAUGHTER    HOUSE
do Into tho crowded fndtintrlnl districts of your city.
<»r Ill    ,,,11., I .        ,   .  II     , ,     1    f    '
.v..    -   ...   .»*..   .... . w    .\.    ......    »v».     .».>»D
lw»for« ynn honr tho clnnr of "« nm-
bulnnro hell.
Suddenly, windows are thrown opon.
Heads of women aro seen.
Doom fly open.  Women com<» out
nn thntt flnnv »t/>n«
All aro looking at the rapidly rushing ambulance, _
. Soma of tho women left tholr work
themselves and eliminate -the-'slaugh-..
ter houses of commercialism^
And then, perhaps, the hearts of
women will no longer eat themselves
out with fear, watching for the flying
ambulance.—Emancipator."     '     "
TOWS OV HASSAXO, AI-HEllTA
WATKRWOUKS
Tho Corporation of tho Town of Uns-"
sano, Alberta, invito tenders for tho following; ,     " .    ,
Contract "T"—All labor'and materials for constructing' a concrete pump
.shaft, 130 ft. deop, and laying 18 lnoli
steel Intake pipe in tunnol from- shaft
\i\ How Ulver, 220 feot in length, nnd
construollner Intake-crib In rlvor.
Contract ''l-I,"—All labor and materials for conslruutlnur fmmo power lionso
at How' JUvor. .    -
Contract "K"-— All labor and materials for constructing frame froHt crb-
Intr for stawlplpe, 2fi root In diameter
and 112 feet' ..lull.
Plans and specifications for all con-'
trnctH may be obtnlnod from tlio John
Gait -Siifrlnporlng Co., Ltd., Winnipeg
and Calvary, on deposit of cheque, for
S10 wliloli will bo returned to bona
ftrlft tonderoi'H.
Teiulei'B must be accompaniod by an
neueptpd choline of flvo |iur cent or tho
amount of tho tomlcrH, and Hliould lio
nont to the imdiM'Hlgnail not inter than
2 o'clock on Monday, Daoombor Otb,,
1912.    .
•   Tin' Corporation docs not bind Itsolf
to accept' the lowest or any tender,
ai_o, n. n. Tiotir>.
' Heerolary-TreaRiiror.
HaHNuno, AHn.^ November, 1012.
Classified Ads.—Gent a Word
FOR SALE—-Plnyor Plnno; torniB ar*
ranged.    Apply, .T. II., co. Lodger.
WANTED.—Fifty londoi-B at now
mlno of Chinook Coal Company, Ltd.,
nt Coiilgato, near Diamond City, Altn,
Stonily work. Apply to Chinook Coal
Company, Ltd., (Jltcrlocl. lluUdlng,
Lfthbrldgo. or direct to superintendent, W, P. Tliotnns, OUninnd City.
A'b.utn, .|t;2
TOU flAI.K—Tnro liomington Typo-
writers In good condition. Apply,
Lnwo nnd Flshor.t -It
■ ■'    "" .11.11.1,     I M m„ .„
FOR I1KNT.—Four-roomed Houso
—Apply. W. Mlnton, Lindsay Ave.,
Annox, or "H.M.," Lodgor Offlco.
CIIIROPODIST-Corns, nimions, in-
growing r.nllB, painless treatment;
work dom. hv ni.nnh.tn.Mit A. Tl
Dlnsmoro, Fornlo ..arbor Shop.   13-4tn
FOR 8ALB—Choap; uncalled for
Overcoat*. Suits, Pants and Voits; all
n/cs     Pantorlum Tailor.', over Mc.
Trnn't: Ttniir Rtnrn iV't
How's This?
W« olRir »5ti* irunilrntl P.iMum IVitiM I if m»<i
um ol UUnk lb»l euutot Im cwn. by lltlTi
ti..wr_. Cwv.   ■
F. J. ClIFNEY * CO.. Tolwlfl. O.
IA*, th* ut.iW.H_m*!. h».« kftornn y, t. twai-jr
tar tht lint It j'ciir*, and Mlree hltn txTti'i'tly lion.
tnl*. In lU tttHMMi IrMMXilaM nut A__A___llf
•M* to Mny «ut Mr obllnllant mdo by Mi frm.
MtTioxu, Um* or (V.»w»il."r,
•      . TnlMft. OdW.
limit 0.1*17* Cur* t» takM lnl.ifri.itfr, tuttai
'ttrrrtiy wnnt ihr Mml xnrt maoMM mrtufft nl IM
rntrm,   itMlwanltl* wai In*   Mra II MU tn
U'Ur.    bt41 til' J.-J UVUHMMt.
itu tun _ rmar mi tor e_Mti»_U.«.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE FOR
8ALB—Practically new. N. F. Pltii,
Howland Avenue. 13-3tnp
WILL YOU WORK FOR ME?—
ahowlnu people my literature about
Port Alhernt, tho great new seaport
of U, C. npv. being developed by rail-
roads and other vast Interests. Splon-
did, seller. Liberal commissions;
prompt settlements; Rood material to
work with. g. J. Wilson. IU Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B. C. 3t'
At
•t
<ti\
lay*
*"■"'-»- • ■■
__________________________U____l_______ri___,
■______________________■_____■
■"■ ■' ""
l__ll_____________l
.___...    •,r»lm*i-ifJL«mmimm
Hairi THE DISTEICT LBD(»Ka, PERNIE,   B.C.,NOVEMBER30,1912.
PAGE FIVE
■ryfYTV"TYVryYYwYyYYTYfrVYYVYTT>YTYT'.YtTyVTry¥TVYV't'tk1'* ****** »**'***'* ****** a* *a*"*»W¥¥¥¥¥W¥WWWM iM¥¥¥y¥»»VM.<HhHbHW¥¥¥»¥¥¥»y»¥¥¥¥»¥¥»¥¥»¥V¥¥0«*iU^
*'-»-J   r-f. -* •' ' ■"■ -' ' ~'r'., If"-'- -*'•.- '•" '--»T_.>-:f- -;.'.",•;   •'■"• ■„.-  ^-:<--•,:■-■""-,.''•"', Vr.''''-'. • •,-.>•" ■-,-     •*-'->?     '•":    *'V'?y."?'     ,        '■"       •    -    '.■    -     "*'   '. '    '•     ='• '   •"• - ■,-.'"' ' -; -•'..- • •' '   ■• *
7    ,-)■'
'> y/ v
ry V  ?
- (
• t,
■c
■c
■ t
• (
•I
■ c
■t
t
»»a*ftftftftA"fcA»A^AA*A*»'***»»»¥»¥^
111
JX
♦ ♦ ♦'♦"•♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
'■♦.:   «V.'. ■   \>
♦ '   7    BELLEVUE NOTES ♦
.«*♦"♦"♦'♦♦♦  ♦ "♦   ♦   ♦   ♦
....Mr. Bartlett,- the editor of the Blairmore Enterprise, was _. visitor in Bellevue on Saturday night on business. -
-,' Mrs. William Maddison left' camp
lhlp week' to join her husband at Pocahontus,. where he has,secured aposi-
t-on _y.  1<v- ,.       '.     ,
. Mr. .1. "Wi Bennett was a visitor in
town on Thursday last on business.
Mr. Dan'Hart, who left here'somo
timo ago for- the' north country, ar-
. rived back in,camp on Thursday last,
lie intends 'so i .ling down for the win*
ter in Uellevue.   No place like hlme,
. Dan. ■'        '
- .The littlo girl born to Mr .and Mrs.
Tom Barsl<»y on Friday died on Satur.
day morning and was buried at the.
Blairmore Cemetery on Saturday evening.
Thero was a meeting called for Fri-
: day evening in tho Socialist Hall:for
tho purpose of discussing the possibility of a Christmas tree for the children of' Bellevue,'aud district. Mr.
John Brooks was in the chair, and several committees were appointed. The
■ super of Blairmore was interviewed
with regards to the' fire bosses tak-
! ing up a- collection to help defray the
expense of the tree and-everything is
, in, full swing for a good time.   *
. As a preliminary before the wrestl-
' ing match,. in the Bellevue Socialist
Hall on Saturday night, Freddie Beale,
of Bellevue, and Billie Newton, of the
same place,- boxed, 10 fast rounds to a
draw, and at 10 o'clock the two wrestlers came on the stageand were introduced by the referee, Mr. Bob Levit.
The first to be introduced-was Mr. H.
Hallbre, the Swedish wrestler of Montana', and then Mr, Freddie Beale,. of
Belleviie. " It was a handicap, Hallbre
was to throw Beale twice in an hour.
After about _ 8 minutes wrestling Beale
threw'tho Montana man' aiid got the
' decision, and 75 per cent of gat© receipts. They then agreed to give an
exhibition, and the Montana man still
:> -failed ^to itlifow the Bellevue miner.
♦ Arrangements - have now been made
, -for them '.(..wrestle again°inside of
•three-weeks'for 100 dollars a-side, the
winner to. take all the gate, money.
.. The two men .have posted money with
- Mr. Hinellne .to bind the match. ■ 	
i ..Tom McCutcheon was in camp with
Iris brother-in-law, the Swedish wrestler this week-end. He claimed to
' have money to put-up that'the Swede
would, throw Beale, but Toinmie proved himself a quitter in quick style.
' If ho stays around he can get lots to
iako his roll from him, so come up
to"the next match, Tom. ,
• Mr. Tom- Shone has arrived in camp
from.Coleman and iins'stnrted in Bellevue No. 1 Mlno. Tommle ls going
to stay awhile.
Mr. G. W, Goodwin was In Fornle on
business on Snturday. ' He will be returning on Monday.
. Mra Samuel Tttrnen left camp for
Pocahontas, ■ whore she Intends making her futuro homo. Her husband
loft camp for there 'some tlmo ago.
■ Mr. Andrew Goodwin received slight
Injuries to his oyo in Bellovuo mine
while following his occupation. ■
. Mr. Colin McG'lllvcry, who has been
Employed ns engineer nc the Bellovuo mlno, hns resigned his position
and gono to Plncher Crook ns onglnoer
at tho electric light station. His family leaveB In a day or so to join lilim
Mrs. Frank Owen loft camp on Friday for Ingorsol to join her husband,
who left for thero somo tlmo ago.
Poroy Andrews, car-chockor for tho
C, P. R„ was In the camp on Monday.
Tho Bellevue Bachelors Association
liold a whist drlvo and danco In tho Socialist Hall on Monday night, A very
enjoyable tlmo was Bpont, Tho Pin.
cher Creek Orchestra provided music
for tlio occnBlon,
Tho mooting of tho Bollovuo Lltor-
Airy nnd Sclontlflo sooloty on Wort-
neiwlny night took tlio form of a mock
Parliament W. II. .Chappell, as premier, Introduced some extraordinary
hlllR, which woro tho subject of koon
,  doliiuo.
Miss Porry loft on Tucsduy for To.
ronto, Onl., whoro bIio will spend tlio
winter. Mr. Porry, our gonial station
anon!, lonvos noxt wook for Kilnion-
ton. II" lins ronl__iK.il his position
with thc C. P. 11, nnd will go Into tlio
ronl ostuto luminous,
A young lady residing In Cftlpnry
and havlnir somo frlonds In Hillcrest,
rond tho reports ot tho rocont wind
storm In tho Calgary papora nnd sent
down to know If It wns truo that Hill-
crest had been levelled to tho ground1.
So fnr as wo cnn obsorvo from Tlelle-
at 8-o'clock7 "Everybody Is inyited.-
Mahy new faces are coming- into
camp these days, quite a nunibej; being
Austrians, looking for a place where
there is no war, clouds. Who said
Patriotism?   ' .   "7 _ 7 '
The night school has commenced
witha^jnembe'rshlp'"of.74, and much'
satisfaction,prevails amongst.scholars
and those interested. '•
A new Orange Lodge has been formed in Banff, and a good number of 1M
boys from Bankhead attended' on_Saturday evening.    i
Births    7
On November 22nd, to Mr and Mrs.
W.'Phillips, a daughter.    .
On November 23rd, to Mr and Mrs.
Pete Bella, a daughter.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦<>♦♦♦♦♦
<► ♦
♦ ' HOSMER NOTE§ '♦
♦ . «►
*• ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦*.♦'♦♦'
There is every prospect of a skating-rink being started up for the winter. The boys- at th© mess house
have commenced, making ice on tlie
tennis court.    ■
There was a largely attended meeting at tho School. House on Wednesday evening, ,,the, object, being to organize a" night'school, and the classes-
will ' commence on Monday, Dec. • 1st,
at 7,30, p.m.' ?. Mr. Jay "will instruct
the. classes. The class' nights are
Monday, and Friday. ■
, The ladies, of the' Presbyterian
Church gave a fine social in the Opera
House on' Fri'day evening. Further
particulars next week.
Mr. A_'Sutherland, boiler .inspector,
has been busy here this week. , He
left for Cr&nbrook on Wednesday
evening.   *   • v     " '
Hosmer seems to have got over the
car shortage problem, and the'mines
are. working pretty steady now.
-No. 10 Seam was closed down last
week-end, but the majority of the men
have found places in other sections of
the mine." -
.A. TB. is selling out now; and John
Wylie' expects to move into the store
by tlie first, of the month.  .
-Mrs. J. K-.-Miller, from Blairmore,
was a. visitor herVon Wednesday last'.
Tin. gymnasium will'be opened on
the first of the month. Intending
members are requested to hand1 their
ji_anitLsjb^exJ_iiiton,_seere_ary.-JThe
feoffor'the session is'$5, or-$l per
PERSONAL
♦ If^Charles Warlaby, brother--  ♦
*j   in-law of Winounskie (deceas-   ♦
♦ <?d) late of Corbin, B. C, will-.. ♦
♦ kindly communicate with Dis-' '♦
♦ trlct Secretary A. .J. Carter,   ♦
♦ he will hear „of , something- ♦
♦ which,,will be to his .interest.   ♦
♦ ' ,...'-♦
<*•♦♦♦■«►♦♦♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
dans la triste ceremonie qui'nous re-
unit autour de cette tombeV je viens
au nom de mes compagnons, deposer
l'expression de nos .regrets, de not.ro
profonde doiileur, -' sur la depouille
mortelle.de notre cher camarade que
nous pleurons tous en ce moment.
O mort! toujours ■cruelle et^inexor.
able, ,tu viens do faire encore une nouvelle victime. Apres une longue et
penible maladie que Victor a souffert
avec un courage su'rhumain ot ou tout
les efforts de la science et les solns
devoues de son epouse ont, ete vains,
le mellleurs des peres a ete rtvyis a sa
famille et a nous l'ami par excellence,
Victor etait un coeur d'or juste et
loyal, un caractere affable et doux.
Aussi ne compait 11 ,que des amis
dont le souvenir restera grave eternel-
Jement dans' nos' ' coeurs. Helas!
cette etroite confraternite devait mal-
heureusement etre de courte duree.
Et maintenant, Victor dors en paix
dans .ce circeuil qui est pour toi le
berceau d'une vie meilleur. La mem-
oire sera toujours. parmi nous, une
tombe nous separe de toi mais tu seras
toujours dans notre affection;. Au nous
de ta femme et ton fils ainsi que de
toi famille et tres compagnons,' nous
te disons un eternelle adieu. Adieu,
Victor, cher camarade, Adieu. . .
Les families Alaffe et Malsack, presente leurs remerciements aux amjs
et connaissances qui ont assistes aux
funerailles de leurs chers et regrette
defunt Victor Alaffe.
Wednesday afternoon faking, photos"
of various things in connection with
the mines, etc.
The committee in charge of the>Odd
Fellow's' Dance held in the Club Hall
on Thursday, Nov. 28, are to be congratulated on the artistic manner in
which'they decorated the room. Billy,
you are sure IT!
A hunting party left the Creek on
Sunday for South Fork and vicinity.
While Oliver Dodge, a miner employed in No. 2 Mine," was cai rying a boom
r last Friday, in the course of his work,
ho slipped and sprained his knee. He
was admitted to hospital on Nov. 2?.
Reported doing well. ,
OLD WAYS CALLED NEW
HOW ABOUT THE LAZYVMAN?
S  . '
By Morris Kaplan.
. Ofttlmes men - -and , women, who
seem to otherwise find a great deal
of merit in,the Socialist theor."" seem
to run up againsta snag when it comes
to the question as to the "Shirker,"
and the "Lazy Man." On more than
one occasion has the' writer been compelled to go into detailed reply when
the query was made, sometimes by a
scoffer aud at other times by sincere
well meaning people, who would ask
"What are you going to do with the
lazy man under, Socialism?" It is not
enough for us to say that all such problems.will be solved by society under
the new regime.1 ' There are some
things ihat can be answered an.t ni-
awered scientifically, and-to the satisfaction' of every fair-minded person.
Particularly does that statement ap
ply to .he question Lariness. -
Every, person who has at all given
any slight study to tht subject cf
Anthropology knows that in man as
in all animal life there is a constant
involuntary tendency to move "along
the line of least resistance."^Instances may be cited of parasites existing among,other animals than man.
but hardly.any instance can ibe cited
x.
, The advocates of the program of
syndicalism among the members of the
United Mine Workers are, generally
those who have joined the "organization
since the dark days between '94 and
•97.
* They evidently believe they, have
discovered an untried method, a new
way to win better conditions from the
operators.
Let us see; what is .this new (?)
•scheme that they think has never been
tried? '
To ' strike, unexpectedly, any time
they think opportune; to make no contracts that will bind them for' any
given time; to work In such a manner
while employed that their labor will
not be profitable to the employer.
No wonder this grand scheme has
no attraotion for tho oid timers. They
have been nllthrough these;, know
what It meant to them and those dependent on them. „ '
Throughout the Middle West, from
the settlement of the '94 strike until
the strike in '97, that.ended in the
general adoption of the trades agreements, there was one series of stlrkes,
generally local, and necessarily so, as
the ■ syndicalists' strikes of today'are
generally local. Also, we generally
went back to work with no agreement
binding us; we had to; the other fel.
lows would imake no agreements with
us. ■
Jf we were at liberty to strike for
ninre whenever we felt that way, the
other side was also at liberty to order
raducton of wages .whenever the -time
(seemed opportune to them. And they
never forgot to take advantage of an
opportunity.' ■    '  * .
And as a result. Oh, we were fighters in those days.
- We would striko three,, four or six
months; go back to work when starved-
to it; work until we had a barrel of
flour and a side of bacon ahead, and
then we.would give them another tussle.      '    -  '
Out of 'work more than half our
tine; ill paid and disheartened while
working; insecure at- all times, not
knowing whether, we would start a
strike or be,forced to strike; no certainty of, a home anywhere; the'children 01 the miners ran'wild those days.
HI c'ad, often kept .from school for
want cf shoes or.clothes,- their educa-
Don't forget to try Eastern's
When you want
IGE CREAM, ICE CREAM SODAS & SUNDAES
PORK AND BEAN.'SUPPERS     »
.' FISH AND CHIP POTATOES SUPPERS   ,
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
Hardware and Furniture
We have tlie largest and most up-to.date
1 Hardware and Furniture Stock,
in the,Pass.    Everything in
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail, Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRAI>TK,  Alta.     P.O. Box 90
CORRESPONDENTS, PLEASE NOTE!
month.
,. It is reported that' Mr. W. Downie,
our late' accountant, has gone straight
ahead for' the old country.
*>04M>"*^*M_> <»-*^4>**4>^*
>* '...•♦
♦ COLEMAN   NOTES ♦
<►      .' <►
<»»»♦■»♦♦♦ ♦■»•»♦♦♦■»♦♦
The at home glv^n by tlie' Masonic
society of this'place was a decided
success, and a very enjoyahlo evening
was spent by all who.had the pleasure
of attending it.. The program consisted, of dancing for two hours, then
slipper was served, after whlcli dancing was continued till twolvo o'clock,
at which timo tlie company departed
for tholr homos,' nil voting it an'enjoyahlo evening,.with visions of.anoth-
er for the near futuro, ."
Tho bazaar and fancy'salo given by
tho W. A, of tho Church of England, on
Thursday Inst, wns a great succoss,
there being a goodly crowd present.
Tho ladles deBervo credit for the
work and tlmo tliey Bpont ln potting
up the affair. Tho program was carried out from stnrt to finish without
a hitch, but then tho ladies of Coloman aro there every tlmo on gottlng
up nn entertainment or social.
Tho Imperial English Dell Rlngors,
whloh played hero on Nov. 23rd, ron.
derodi ono of tho best Trogramn tli.it
Coloman haB had tlio pleasure of hearing for many a day, nnd tho nudlonco
cortnlnly showed their apreclation of
tlio excellent music and singing by
tho npplaimo whleh rang throughout
as endi selection wns played, The?
alBo gnvo ri Houtnl concert on Sunday
night, wjilcli wns largely attended',
110 clmrgo being made for nilmlBHlon,
only a collection taken at lho door.
Mr nnd Mrs. John Nash woro hurriedly called to Klpp Inst week-end on
account of lho noi'loitH IIIiiohh of Mr.
XuhIi'h inotlior, who roHldea nt tlio
ul-ovo montloned place, Wo nro ploiu-
ed to Htnto that there In noticeable
improvement nt tlio time of writing,
Thin Ih a record month for the Car>
honilnlo mlno at Mcflllllvrny. Thoy
hnvo worked evory day, bo far with an
Incrcneeii output over nil pr«vloun
months since the mlno started.
Owing to an error in" the local post office our
mail, which, arriyed in Fernie on Thursday and today, was delivered to us,this afternoon at 3.45'p.m'.,
too late for insertion in this issue.
tionTwas7necessarily limited.-
No, we do not. want a repetition of
those days. .    ,
Let us spread and improve the organization we have. Under the coiu-
para.ive stability of employment we
can educate .our children, ..and with
broader knowledge they will demand
better conditions for themselves.
That is tho way of evolution; slow!
painfulyl slow'! but lt is progress.
This alleged new method Is only a
reversion, a return to old ways and
topdi'.ions—United Mine Workers'
.lon'innl.
MICHEL OPERA HOUSE
MOVING PICTURES
Every Night—8 to 10. o'clock
At least five reels nightly, Feature films, Comedies, Educational, Instructive.
Prices 10c & 25c
A   pleasant evening's  entertainment, House
'comfortable, commodious and well,heated
H. G. LOCKHART
Manager
POOL and BILLIARDS
♦ COAL CREEK ♦
_►
♦
IBANKHEAD N07E8
♦
I/O lYuutli 290ctohro a eu lieu n
Colomnn r«ntflrr»>mont rlu *n»ni.mi..»
VictorAlnffeo ft regllso protoatnnte;
In ceremonie fut noblo et lmpoannto;
nous avon» romarquo quo lea camar-
ades qui malt l'honnour do porter
uvnlont toiiH leurs InslgnoB un grand;
le conmmdo Jean Zimmerman* dlrl-
. ' The presentation smokor.,held ln tho
Club Hnll on Saturday last, under tho
auspices of the Football Club, proved
n groat success financially and soclnl-
ly.(i Tho cups and rjiodals wore presented during the evoning by tho chairman, Mr, John Shanks, who spoke a
fow words of appreciation nnd encouragement to oach recipient, The following entertained the crowd: Messrs.
Charllo and Frod Percy and Tom
Wright gavo musical uolectiona; songs
woro rendered by MoBBrs, W. It. Puck,
ey, It, Sampson, J. Bronnan, J. Walkor,
Tl. Hillsborough, A, Adamson, 0, Smith,
Jack Hewitt, T. Wright, Peto Dawson,
J McMillan, Roeco Morgan, F. Talbot,
R. McFegan, Rock Sudworth and W,
Trice. Drnmntlo Recital; "aiiunda
1.I11," Q. Flnlayson (Conl Creek's Kip-
Uiim .. The crunmlllco doHlro to thnnlc
llio arilBtos, Fort Stoolo B.owory, W.
0. Ingram, Mosbi'b. Robs and McKay, J.
I_, ClntoH, Wliolnn ilroB., nnd S. Wai-
luco for tholr contributions towards a
moHt ploaHimt ovonlng.
Tlio club hnr has boon romoved Into
tho now addition, "feed" drlnkH nro
n specialty this woek,
Tlio imiiul monthly Halo of nownpiip-
oro and perlodlcnlM took plnco on Sunday ovonlng Inst nt tlio Club, '
The IdddloH aro tnklng advnntngo of
tlio frozen condition of the creek nnd
nro indulging In the pastime of nlldlng
mid nkntlng.
lion't forgot tlio1 Amateur Dramatic
Club's concert and dnnco, to be hold
In thn Chili Hull nn rwomhni* m»h
A cnpital progrnmmo has been arranged. Tickets, 50c. for concert nnd
dance. Danco only 6O0. A limited
number of reserved seats at $1.00.
Rally round and help tho kiddles to
havo a good ttnu. at Chrlfttmns nn thn
Tin. SKiiUng Kink is Doing flooded
nml with prosont weather skating will
bo nddotl to tho amusements of the
camp shortly. „
Tho Curling: Club hns clioson Uielr
teams for the season, with tho follow-
lng: Shfps, A. An«tewon, R. Sfulr, W.
Fnrnell, W, Kidney, U. Unf and W.
Mulr. ami a very Intcrcstfuc ccasou la
looked for,
Joo Data received an Injury to both
feet on the 25th,
C. M. 0'_1r.«n, M. P. P., will speak
in thf H*ll on Tnesdajr, December Srd.
gwili les -iirwfilllon; nous lul dovons
lo surds du bon onl re qui n'a cesso
do rogner contlnnollement dnns Io
long cortogo. Avons romarquo nusst
quo Io comlto do l'unlon s'etalt fait
dlgnemont roproscnto par son slim-
pathtauc Prcutdctvt et Bmctalre alnal
quo plusieurs notables de Coleman as-
aI.U_.U_u_ a lu. t_u.umu.tlu. Sur Ii_ to.t.U.
fo camarado Alln Lemal a prononoo
un dlscours qui a er«o uno grande lm-
^presslons sur la foulo; dont volcl In
quelques llfrnos lo rotraco.
Coniftrad**. en prenant  la   parole
entire proceeds nro to ho given (o>
wards tho children's Christmas presents.
Tho many frlonds of Mrs. Davo Mar
tin will >1># pleased to know she Is pro-
grossing favorably after her operation
,\t. the Femio Hospital.
Tho Camera King was up hero on
through* their'own physical  powers
for the procurance of their foods, Tlio
snake may sleep most of the tlmo,
but   'When hungry it is very   much
awake and vory, strenuously   works
for its0food,   Tho bee nnd tho nrit
may nt times sot up a ruler, and wo
are Informed that thls.proves the existence of a tendency to shrink among
nnlmnl llfo becnuso the quoon of the
species mny bo fed, but wo must not
overlook the fact that the quoon performs   a   useful function  ln   giving
forth offspring and onco tho offspring
have matured tho quoon Is stung to
death.   It Ib Bclontlflo knowledge that
ovory Bpoclos and ovory lndlvldunl of
tho species aim to expend Its energies productively.   Wa»to   ia   not   a
natural   but   an   artificial   nllmont
That llfo doBtroys llfo, doos not con-
travert tho fnct thnt tho purpose of
destruction Is to preserve   the   dos-
troyor.
U Is therefore contrary to nil
knowlodgo of tho lawn of naturo to
sny tlftt "It Is nnturnl to shirk" dr
that "II Is nnturnl to be lazy." Lnxl-
ncsH Is a (1Ibo;ih<) brought on hy oxtromo strcHH li. tho oconomlo conditions nmong tho liumnn family,
Tnkn un overworked mnn who hns
worked long lioul-s In lho shop or
othor place of employment, or hns
beon compelled through working shorter hours, (0 keep pneo wllh tlio machine; npply iho wimo principle to
Hi., woman: lot thnt man mul that womnn mnto nnd hnvo prngfny, It becomes B..l.'Ovl.!oiit that tho children
brought up under bik.Ii environments
will nntiirnll bo born "tired," TIioho
chlldron nro born dlsensod, Thoy nro
"lazy" bocnuso thoy are borii tlrod.
Al_nnrmn1   m^wIM??....   \ •■■ y,   l.\,,.viu,u\
tv\mn.
Vnt the children, nor tbo parents,
nro tn blamo for tho latinos* bred
within tho chlldron. It Is llio system that Is thn cnuso of It nil,     fln-
/,..»_,«      ,_»-*tAn,'l..    i.*-.-1-J- »        <i '
..    .     -.    • •«    ........... a,   .*   \fL\-.   a,\lI
criminal responsible for this disease.
!.a7.lnoHs Is a trait transmitted from
pnront to child. It Is not natural
snd therefore can he outlived by ft
change of environment,
F. M. Thompson Co.
The Quality Store
i *     ii '
Blairmore,  Alta.
Fine Groceries.      Sole Agent for Five Roses Flour
Selected Teas,  Pure Coffees and Spices.    Finest Creamery
Butter and Cheese,      Canned Fruits in Variety.
Choice Syrups and Molasses
Dry Goods     Crockery     Clothing1     Boots and Shoes
A complete assortment of goods usually kept in a First Class Store.
Foreign & Domestic goods of every description.   Goods delivered prompt-
ly, free of expense.   Phone 25. or call and get our prices.
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries,  Dry Goods, and General  Merchandise
Shiloh
S\iVty ttppt ewetn, carts ttfAl, fid '<«"■'
t tVut «n<i tmtgt.      it
as ccm
KINO KDWAR_y8 HIGH.SOHOOL
rem bovi_ and a_Mu_
t'lUN'JlHOOK, H.C.
irr.»miw;iiw*, \tm ciiKnniNciTov
rf'diiiljrWiw Hlir»i*r l>v««l Hc»ti«nn. tVillftfat*.
Illniilnslmm X^nlveuHy Wmmtlon ixplnmn,)
AwUtAirt, MiMHoiK.MtM.lDltt'umii of lho ('ol-
hw nt Tone..01* fur llio Hunt unit JluiiiKI
Twin, fm- tuinnhifi uiut fUy Ardour*w»»i+
iMeiftUm tt\,tiw UctiitniMrffM.
The reupie's Store
Owned by
thc People
Mahaged by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
Wc invite the inspection oi' the
public to our stock which is absolutely
fresh aiid choice in every particular.
We hnvo one of the finest stores
in the Pass.
We are in every way suited to
supply the public with quality goods
at living prices.       ould you expect
more
4) M-KWfiS^^^
*AGESIX
'THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE; .B:.g;^6^WBi!R
30,1912;;^^7v:i y'XfXT'SyT f7>
Letters to the Editor
The Editor docs riot necessarily acquiesce in the Wows expressed by correspondent;., and
, does not hold himself responsible for samo.       "■  '■
VICE-PRES. J. O. JONES COMPLAIN-
ing OF CHIEF MINE INSPECTOR
J.. S.  STERLING  OVERSTEPPING
-' HIS DUTIES AS A GOVERNMENT
INSPECTOR AT DIAMOND CITY.
Lethbridge, Alta., Nov. 25,' 1912.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
• Dear Sir,—Sometime ago I noticed
in the columns of the Ledger, under
the heading "Notes from Diamond
City," -which I presume was written
by ono' of tha company's officials;
that tho conditions at Diamond City
were such that the miners did not
have the least complaint; also that the
officials of District 18 were "treated
with every respect and ' courtesy."
Upon being instructed by President
Stubbs to go to Diamond City to take
up disputes which were referred to the
President by the Local Union of that
place, I visited Diamond City on Sept.
27, and found out that Mr. T. Underwood, managing director of the company, was acting as manager. I approached him re these disputes and
was told by him that ho would not be
able to handle mining disputes as he
did not possess enough technical
knowledge of mining and referred mo
to his pit boss. Upon taking the disputes up with Mr. Bambllng, he pointed out to me that he had been in tho
position of pit boss only a few weeks,
and therefore, had not sufficient
knowledge of the conditions that existed. He said that he would see into
these disputes and I.agreed to como
back at some later date and take up
the points in dispute with him.
Last Friday I visited Diamond City
to take the matter with the management.     On tlie same day J. T. Sterling,' mine inspector, happened to he in
town.     At noon  I went to the pit
boss,' Mr. Bambllng, and informed him.
that I was in town for the purpose' of
taking up the disputes, and told him
that before I could do so re the payment  of  bottom   bone  coal,  that" it
would be necessary for me to visit the
mine along with him, but seeing that
the mine inspector was in town, also
knowing that there was a general complaint about the ventilation,I naturally  thought that his  timo would  be
very limited, and told the pit boss that
I could wait until Saturday, and for
.him to let me know in the evening the
time ho would be ready to go to the
mine noxt day,     He said,."Very well,
Mr. Jones, I will let you know," and
walked away   to   the ' office, where
Messrs. Underwood-and Sterling were.
and their officials to carry out the mining laws of this province, and get
down to these' mines a little of tener,
interfering less with those matters in!
which he has no concern, I have no
doubt' but that the mining industry of
the province of Alberta will be carried
on more to the advantage of all "concerned.
Thanking you in advance for" space
allowed,   «
Yours truly, .
JOHN 0. JONES,
Vice-Pres. Dis.. 18, U.M.W.A.
CANADIAN COLLIERIES
TRYING TO,ENTICE
CROWS NEST MINERS
—TSufing the" affernooiTT met MrTUn7"
derwood, and was speaking about the
mine in general, and during this discussion I mentioned tho fact to him
that-1 Intended to go into the mine;
I also askod him if' he would be in,
town next day, and was told that he
was not Bure whether he would or
not.   In tho ovenlng, seeing that the
, pit boss had not let me know as he
promised, I went to look for him, and
after I met him he told me that his
orders were not to let anybody besides
the -company's officials and employees
Into the mine.-' I asked him If he
had told Mr. Underwood that I wanted
to go Into the mine,'and he replied in
tho affirmative. (To try and avoid
any trouble I told him to make an effort and get In touch with Mr. Underwood, and pointed out to him that If I
would roport to the mon his attitude
tho men might tako drastic action and
stop the mine, I waited until 2 p.m.
Saturday, but nobody came to see me,
bo I wrote a letter to the Dlnmond
City Local tolling them of the company's attitude, and loft for Lethbridge, and today I understand that
the men rofii»cd to go to work until
permission has beon given mo to go
to tho mino and see for myself tho
Boat of dlBpulo.
I find oul today, howovor, that lt Is
not tlio Diamond City Company nor
Lliolr or.lc.hilH thut nvc to blamo for
this Btato of affairs, but Mr. Sterling,
Chief Mlno Inspector, An Mr. Undor.
wood Is not a man thai. profoRsos to
know much nbout our ngronmont, ho
did not know what was tho gonornl
custom throughout tlio district. Of
courso Mr. Slorllng probably did not
wish mo to hocomo ncnunlntoil with
condition.) tlmt existed In tint inlnn,
Mich ub a mini falling down iiiicoiibc-
.ous In IiIb working place on account
or bnd nlr, nnd aftor IioIiik revived
wuh told Hint lie wiih drunk, although
thin man lmd worked nbout D hours
nnd lmd loaded hIx enrtt of ronl. Mr.
fltorllng offm'.til IiIh Important ndvlco
lo Mr, Underwood unci told him not to
lot nio In, nnd Hint no otlinr compnny
would lot nio lu. I want to inform
Mr. Skirling Unit till* in tho flrHt tlmo
In my llfo thai 1 wn» raf lined parn.li.*
Blon to go to nny mlno In DlHtrlct 18,
with Um following excoptlon: On
tho night of JU'lkiviifi ..xplasliMi I wim
, polltoly told that my holp was not re*
quired hy Mr, Moniunl, Out 10 minu*
Um after iho tmnio gentlomnn camo
running to the wiihIiIiouhw whom I
was changing my clothes to go to tho
mlno, In splto of lilu orders, asking nio
to hurry up and try my best to got
sorno matt And go In at onco; and the
■amo compnny rorognlzo my arhIr.
tnnco and up to thin dny appreciate
It. '
With that exception, Mr. Stirling,
©very mlno mnnngor or genornl mnna*
Ker, without li.tt.ltutIon hart always
been only too ready lo lot mo Into nny
mine thut. 1 iU-Hlri.il to visit, nnd han
always showed every *.oiirte»y to mo.
Kow, If thin PBtlmftblo mine .napoo-
tor will look nftor IiIh duties as Inspector of mines nnd hoc to tlio safoty of
mine*, nnd compel the ronl companies
Michel, Nov. 26, 1912
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—In pointing out some of
the opportunities which prevail in
"White B. C." for men whose conscience will allow them to do anything to.
wards degrading civilization and without even giving a thought of condemning and bringing lifelong disgrace upon
their dear ones, wives and' children.
I should like to expose the tactics and
dirty methods adopted by Vancouver
Island operators in endeavoring to
obtain the services of honest working
men from the Crow's Nest Pass to become "generous workers," and so enable them (the operators) to defeat
the striking miners at that particular
place. I appeal to everyone concerned to investigate the present existing
conditions on the Island previous to
accepting any job or position under
these "friends.of labor," who are not
in possession of common sense, regardless of decency and self respect. If
those who are qualified for these positions offered by the operators would'
only stop and think there is no doubt
in my mind what the result would be.
Here is a correct copy of the appeal
sent out broadcast by the Canadian
Collieries Limited:
"Canadian Collieries  (Dunsmulr)Ltd.,
Comox Mines, Cumberland, B. C.
"Nov. 18th, 1912.
"Mr.	
"Dear Sir,—As .we are - informed
that you passed the last examination
for fire boss, we can offer you a
position' as fire boss at, $100.00 per
month, or a shotlighter at .3.63 per
day, S hour shift. .Kindly let us
:hear from yoii whether you care to
accept either of the positions or.nbt.
 ■ ,—Yours* truly^  1-*-
"Canadian    Colllerlea    (Dunsmuir)
: Limited.
"J. R. Lockard,
, .   -    "Gen, Supt."
Yours etc,   . \   ,
.'   THOS, H! HARRIES.
A   WORD   ANENT   ORGANIZATION.
Special to the Clerks In Town
To tho Editor, District ledger.
Dear Sir,—I would thank you for a
llttlo space ln your valuable paper, so
as to discusB the advisability of forming a union in Fernie nnd vicinity of
storo clerks of all description, salesmen, canvassers, warehousemen, dressmakers, milliners, apprentices, In fact,
any party employed ln or around a
store. This question 1ms been raised
by one and another from tlmo to time,
but haB, like many otlior things that
aro often,spoken of, never materialized. PorBonally, I am of tho opinion
thnt it only noods someone, preferably
some few, to tako tho Initiative, to see
this objoct accomplished.
Tho advantages of organization will,
I imagine, scarcely bo disputed by any
rational bolng.. Our omployors, who
are supposed to oxcol In Intelligence,
havo found It bonoflclnl to organize,
Wo'havo today all kinds of Masters'
Associations, In ract, It Is tho Ago of
Trust,
To combat, the greed nnd avrlco of
tho fow thnt own It. has boon found
beneficial, In a small way at lonst, for
tho workers of the various trades to
offer tholr labor .vowcr for snlo collectively Itmtend of Individually. This
fnct Is proven conclusively by tlio'In.
orensoil wngos and hotter working con-
dltlonn gonernlly thai linvo been obtained through the medium of tlio vari-
mm organizations on Uio industrial
flold. Thero nro Uioho nmong ub who
reallzo tliat orgntilznlloii on the Indus-
Irlul flold (Iooh not go fur enough, To
my mind, nny workor wlio ronlly stud-
l(!B his prosont position cannot help
but como to tho conclusion Hint wo
miiHt go a step fnrther (linn merely organize Indiistrlnlly.' Howovor, my pur-
Iiobo at thlH tlmo, Mr. Kill tor, Ib to try,
If poHHlblo, and got thn vnrious dorks
In town sufficiently InteroHted to form
HiemsolvoB Into a local. OrgnnIzatlon
Is a means to nn end, nm) wo can suro*
Iv profit much bv hnndlnr* enntnlwn
together. Tho I), C. Fodorntlon of Labor, and no doubt tlio American Federation of Lnbor, would only bo too
UlonHod'to have us af.illi.to with th omit will bo readily soon Hint organising
here, locnllv, without nffUtntlnir with
somo such hody as I mention, would ha
ot little avail. If, however, wo organize a good strong locnl and got affiliated with a strong parent body, wo
can thon eommonco to romody somo of
tho soro spots that we tee around us.
Whon v\o pr«n«uit oum-dvoti nn one
mnn to our employers, having the sup.
IKirt. of a strong organization behind
us, it vory often Is nn catty mnttor
to got Rome questions adjusted. Wo
miiHt allways keep In mind the strength
of tlio employer; ho Is organized In A
most efficient manner and lias the
powers of the state'behind him, hence
f -        ...     .      j
it behooves us to organize .world wide.
As Marx says, 'Workers of the World,
Unite.",., However, to -be brief; my
purpose in writing is not" so "much to
state how or what we should do, but
to find out if possible, if it is thVde-
sire of the majority of the store clerks,
etc., to organize. Providing th© m&-
jority favor the idea, it will be an easy
matter to discuss ways and * means
later. .'    '"    .
I understand there are clerks' unions
out West already, and any "of those
who were clerks In Great Britain will
know what a fine 'organization the
shop assistants have there, having
among them some' of the foremost
speakers of the land.
I would like to have others express
themselves _ through these columns,
then it would be an easy matter to
call a meeting at some opportune time.
Constitutions of, similar bodies could
easily be procured for our perusal, and
in some such way we could soon get
into shape. Some few years ago we
had a fine number of craft unions in
Fernie, and a splendid Trades and Labor Council fpr a young body. It is
up to those'of us who believe in organization to revive the old spirit.
Trusting this will receive the attention of our elerke, and that'Fernie will
haye a Local ere long second to none
in Canada, and awaiting with interest
to see the wishes of others expressed,
I am,
Yours very truly,,
UNIONIST.
P.S.—After writing my letter out I
noticed an article in the B. C. Federationist bearing exactly on the point.
If *you can spare the space it would,
no doubt, interest many to read same.
I may add, in conclusion,, that if our
clerks'in town will only express'themselves it will help considerably. Providing no one else cares to take the
initiative, the writer willi call a meet-'
ing immediately, it is found'that the
time" is ripe for so doimg.
The following is the article referred
to by the. writer above:    .
The   Retail    Clerks'   International
i . i,
Protective Association has a membership of 50,000. '  ■, '"'
There are over 1,000 local lodges in
the many cities and towns in Canada
and the United States.
It is the only-, organization of the
kind in existence having for its,aim
the .betterment and uplifting of the
employees of the retail trade. ' c.
. Its work is directed toward the end
that all members may be benefitted.
It provides for the members when
sick.      '
It aids the beneficaries of its; deceased members.   .
It' secures a shorter work day for
its members. 7, 7,-7,
—Ib-maintains-a—higher— standard-of-
wages for services rendered.
It regulates , the relations between
employer and employed.
It promotes a fraternal feeling ,be-
tween all salespeople by means of the
Advocate, a'paper devoted to the interests of the retail clerks of Canada
and the United' States.
The sick benefit of five dollars per
week twelve weeks each year, and
?25 to $200 according tp length of
membership is the greatest fraternal-
feature of th© organization.
The old system \of working from six
and seven In the morning until nine
nnd ten every evening and as late,as
eleven and twelve on Saturday has
given way to the 5.30 nnd 6 closing
throughout the week except Saturday
evenings.
Retail salesladies are eligible to
membership and receive tho same
benefits' ns the men.
Thousands' of women and girls aro
compelled to work long hours In poor-'
ly ventilated ■ stores for a meagre
wage.
This association reduces the hours
of 'labor, requires tho payment of a
living wago and compola omployors
to provide comfortablo scats bohlnd
tho counters of tho rotnll establishments.
Any number of rotoll salespeople,
not loss than bovoii, who aro-not undor nny restriction specified In tho
constitution of this association, mny
form a local lodgo.
"GENEROUS WORKERS."
To the l.dltor. District Lodger.
Donr Sir, Having the prlvllogo of
rending somo of tho cnmip nows wlilr.li
npponiod In last weeks' Issuo of tho
District Lodger, T mny Btnto through
lining a subscriber nnd n ilnvoinfl render of'tlio nbovo-namod pnpor slnco Its
lneoptlon, I Imvo nlwnys considered
tluiit through HiIh medium wo would bo
nblo to educate nnd enlighten tlio nieiii-
heri. of our organization, placing before tliem tlio notunl position'they aro
In on tho Industrial field, a Iho tho pollllcnl field, bocaiiflo n wldo knowldoge
of both positions in euMcutlnl to tho
workers of tlio world at tho present
time. Howovor, having no desire to
bo repugnant to tho vlowo of any of
tlto staff, but thero has appeared vari.
oiifl nfliinM from •flni/t tn livnn tn flm
column*, of the Ledmer to which I em
bitterly opposed, bonniiBe tho columns
of tho Lodger should not patronize or
promulgate the mimes of any 1011
"gonoroun workers," whothor this class
nf pr«»ns nm mifferlni. or nnt, nnd
whother Fornlo disagree with his con"
ntltutlon. If this despised had visit*
od Mlehol instead of Fornlo lio could
havo been easily convinced that tlio nl*
tltude of Michel would havo had a
groator effect on his constitution. Tlut
.his Harm. Judntt did not attempt to
shew bis fare in the precincts of ti
higher altitude thnn Fernie; why? because bo cnn rcnlluo today thnt ho him*
self is only a degraded preen In tho
_>yos of bis fellow workmen, and more
especially with bis countrymen. And
this Is part of what our faithful mem
bers, and subscribers„• are7-. forced! tb
read—that So and So is sick/aad^that
a place is detrimental to his health. ■
As far &s"any person, is'jconceraed,-
who has an ounce 6f.Gelf-re_.peot, .they,
would not lower their^digidty-Jiy.talc-.
ing any interest in-the affairs of these
"generous' workers," and t in' m^'opinion, to do justice' with "ourselves, • the
names of tfyese degraded-preens shall
henceforth be debarred ■ from* the columns of the District Ledger.' "All camp
reporters.take notice of the above.'
Trusting that   this   will   be* given
space in' the columns' of the' District
Ledger,' and1 thanking you .in anticipation, also for past favors/: ' '•' ,       "
Yours truly,   ', y .;'
;   -       ' TOM G. HARRIES  "
- NOTE.—Local   correspondents „ are
requested not .to sjiow any interest in
the affairs and doings of men by giving then, publicity, who have, .during
the late strike, worked detrimental to
to the'U. M.W. of A.' "
THE BUM ON THE RODS AND   /
THE BUM ON THE PLUSH
One rides on the rods beneath the car
And one on a cushioned chair;'
The one is clad In poverty's rags,
The other doth broadcloth wear.
One eats a back-door charity lunch,
For lack of the price to pay,
Thefother Is served by a waiter skilled
in an up-to-date cafe. .
The one sneaks into a concert dive
For   an    hour's    cheap    fun,   and
laughter, '  .
The other a box at the opera has,
With wine and women after;        '■
One sleeps in the-hay, or as best one
,ntay   . '
Who has no place to dwell,,
The other has a suite of rooms   .
In the city's best hotel.
The bum on the rods is hunted down
As an enemy of mankind;
The other is driven around to the club
And feted and wined and dined.
And those who curse the bum on the
rods   .     _
As the essence of all "that's bad,
Meet the bum-on the plush with, a
sycophant's smile
And extend the hand so glad.
The bum on the rods is a social flea
That gets'an (occasional bite,
The bum on the plush is a social leech,
Blood-sucking by day and night:
The bum on the rods Is a load- so light
-That his.weight-we scarcely, feel;
But it takes the labor' of dozens of
men    ,- -        .
. To furnish the other a meal. - -
So long as you sanction the bum. on
the plush,  '
' The other will always be there;
_-__U.____rid__.muwel_7o_L_the_,bum__.on_.thfe
plush    , ,"".
And the other will disappear. ■    ;
Then make an intelligent, orgainzed
1      kick,    - , .'    '
,- And-' throw roff   the weights'that
:   - ' c?ush;77
Don't worry about, the bum on the
rods,
Get rid of the bum on the plush.
—Miners' Magazine.
Order your Christmas Carets at once
—Grand selection at Ledger Office.
'.*    -   "■'   *\     i* *
..   -,
y
1      _}.     _,;,    .
y
Space Reserved
FOR
• ■_?«
\v.
JAMES H.NAYLdR
GENT'S OUTFITTINGS
Ha
Belleviie
Good Things for
1 *
\ i
Some of the good things you can get at our store
Turkeys,
Chickens,
Fowls,
Mince Meat,
Chopped Suet,
Jellied Tongue,
Crabs,
Smelts
Oysters
Laurontia Milk and Cream, in sealed bottles; will
koep porfectly until opened.
Try our "Shamrock" and Cambridge Park saiisagos,
they are the, best on the market-
Use our Mince Meat and save labor.   You cannot
make better at home.
Our 141b, boxes of Creamery Buttor are just tho
size you need at this time of year, so you can save money
liv buying one.
I
P. Burns & Co., Ltd.
Phone 31
Prompt Delivery mwnmmui*.
THB DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,     B. C, NOVEMBER 30,1912.
PAGBSEVBN
J^yXIXBeUeivje In- 7 \
7Wc^(^^^it^r7(^
'-»"!.*$.
By Layman BeecherStowe.
'««* ".■   -• v  ' -    _.-
V-1
0
(>
-   Theoretically, I have always believed
' in woman suffrage because it has always seemed to roe "absolutely' irrational.'to make a.sex distinction in
a-matter of .common concern   to '_■.'_
vh'uman'beings. ■ Within the last" four or
five years, however, my attitude ^ bas
. changed from that of merely lukewarm advocacy.' ' My change In atti--
. iu'de was brought about in two ways.
_. In the first place some four years ago,
twas askod by a certain magazine to
write an article upon-the effects of
woman suffrage in the then four states
„ where lt had been' granted; based
upon the best'evidence obtainable,
without actually visiting the states and
making, a first-hand Investigation. In
preparing this article I interviewed all
tbo members of congress, both senators and representatives, froni the then
four suffi age states of .Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, and Col6rado. .. Not one of
these congressmen had ever discussed
the matter with any other. Some of
tbem stated that it was as difficult.for
them to express their opinion' upon
,woman suffrage as/It would be for a
representative of one of the other
states to express his opinion on man-
are many other reasons-why I believe
lb. woman suffrage It, is on these two
experiences that. I chiefly base/ my
faith.—From the Woman Voter. '7- "
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CD.
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
" ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us youp orders
•hood   suffrage;   difficult,   in (other
words'because they had^.so long .taken
it for!granted.     I,did pot ask these
congressmen their"opinions'; on   the
question, .but merely' questioned them
on  conditions" before' and  after  the
granting of suffrage to women.'.,-'Some
of them acknowledged that they had
vigorously 4 opposed its Introduction.
All agreed upon these.three points as
to'its,effect7 .'       '    ■■ >'   \" '•" , ..''
* First:—That it had greatly Improved
the administration-of the schools, the
institutions for the care of unfortunates' of  all descriptions,  and    the
parks; In other words, they all agreed
that it had greatly Improved .the departments of government which might
■be called '.'community housekeeping."
Second:—They "all agreed   tliat   it
had prevetned even tho nomination of
men of personally disreputable character, known as yellow dogs, because
the women voters were sure to scratch
them on the ticket; in other words,
they did not show the masculine loyal-
ty-to the straight ticket. ' What, they
were interested in, was straight candidates: " 	
Third:—That it' had produced none
of the ill effects predicted by the antl-.
suffragists. .      y
Aside from the testimony of these
members of congress, I have been lead
to believe ln woman' suffrage by my
observation of, the results of girl suffrage in my work in connection with
junior republics and schools and institutions where boys and girls enjoy the
privilege of self-government. The girl
citizens of the original Junior Republic of Freevllle, New, York,. had to
fight for the right of- suffrage very
much as,the'women,of the state are
now fighting. ' In, the early days of
the Republic the girls voted as a-matter of .course. .At a hotly contested
election ascertain boy■■ candidate challenged, the vote of a certain girl whom
he had good reason to believe was going to vote against. He claimed that
her vote was void because the women
of the, state of New ..York could not
vote and the law of the state held in
the' Republic unless changed by a special enactment of their own.
This was made a,test case before
the. citizens' court and the,boy judge
upheld the contention of the candidate'
for office." Consequently, not only this
girl's vote, but' the""votes of all ■> the
other ..girls were thrown out.- There-
uponra-membei-"of-the~legislatureT(tne"
should vote, introduced a bill'^ying
them tie right of suffrage; ..This ibili
passed the legislature and ^'required
only the signature of the president;tq,
become effective. "At thisA, point the'
boy who had challenged, the" girl's'vot«
went to a boon companion of hi-i and.
pointed out that some action, must.be
taken to secure' the president's' veto
for this bill on tne ground tnat if passed it would ruin their political careers.
They thereupon called the girls toge=.
ther at a meeting and made an adroit
appeal to them to petition'.the president to, veto the suffrage bill.   The
chief argument advanced in the appeal
was that it was unladylike to voter
Finally they succeeded In persuading
all the girls except an obstinate minority of six or eight to sign the desired petition,tb the president. ■ These
minority girls' were looked upon with
contempt by tlie others as unladylike.
A committee of three girls then waited
upon the president with tho petition.
He was.just about to sign the suffrage
bill, but after' reading the petition he
told the "'girls that he had supposed
hat they wanted to vote, but that since
it seemed that they did not, he would
veto the bill, which he proceeded to do.
A little later the. question of taxation was taken up by the legislature.
At that time the citizens were divided
Into  industrial   classes.      Three   for
the boys and three for the girls, but
the boys' classes averaged thirty members each, and the girls only fifteen.
A bill was introduced hy the members
who had defeated' the girls' suffrage
bill to the effect that tlie industrial'
classes should be made the unit for
taxation. and that each class should
contrlbuteafixed and like amount. On
that basis, obviously, the girls were to
be taxed twice as heavily as the boys,
spite of this, or p'osibly because of it,
the bill was passed, signed by the president and .became law.    Immediately
a committee of' leading girl citizens'
came to!their friend, the member who
introduced the suffrage bill, ,with loud
protestations , of the • injustice which
had,been perpetrated upon .them. They
repented of having, opposed the suffrage bill and besought their   champion to introduce another bill of like
nature..   This he maganaimously consented to do and tbe bill was passed,
after a' vigorous campaign on the part
of. the girls, was ■ signed by the boy
president and became the law of the
Republic.     '-.''■
In the hundred or more schools and
institutions throughout the country
other than Junior Republics where the
boys and girls practice self-governjment
the girls show equal'fitness with'the
boys for self-government, both as' voters and as office holders. ■"
THeHf6RTlrtinnirinairTo~Sason
SLAVERY OF
GREEK SHOEBLACKS
laws were then passed.'by 'ajeglsla-,
ture instead of a town meeting, as at
present) who believed that the girls
A form of while,slavery, or what is
seemingly as bad as,.'the peonage
system cf the South, exists among the.
Greek:shoeblacks of .his co i::try, par-
ticularly of New. York, .i__d is attract
in j the attention in *.he religions pre. n.
Ai.iong the owners of 'tt3 3h"e shining
"parlors" "a well-organized padrone
system is in full operation it is a«-
erted, and under it "the life of a shoeblack boy is pitiable ."in the extreme."
The .Presbyterian Examiner (New
York), which exposes the system,
prints facts that may be Vsubstantiat-
ed from the published, reports of the
Bureau of Industries and Immigration." Here isjthe history and daily
lifo of some l.nOO boys "employed" in
the 250 or more of the shoe-shining
establishments of New York.
"Most of theso boys are here, without their parents—coming to so-called
relatives, chiefly 'coufiins' and 'uncles,'
who are tlie padroni who pay their
passage over. A contract is entered
Into-by the boy and his parents, binding him to work for the padrone for
a specified ' period after landing in
America in return for the" passage
money advanced by the padrqne. But
that .agreement, drawn up in ignorance on the other side of the Atlantic,
frequently binds the'boy'to'toll for a
whole ■ year to repay' an advance of
fifty or sixty dollars. Parents and
papers' are furnished to help him
through Ellis Island, and he arrives
well coached as tb the answers necessary to get him past tbe inspectors
who aretrying to enforce the laws
against contract laborers and youths
under' sixteen unaccompanied by their
parents. Once landed at the Battery,
ignorance' guarantees that the boys
will faithfully serve their masters, and
there begins a daily round of black
and bitter servitude.
"Rising shortly after five, breakfasting on dry-bread and,black coffee,
these bootblack boys open their places
of work by half-past .six. At noon
they one by' one disappear behind a
partition or downstairs for a moment
tonhurriedly, snatch a luncu of bread
and cheese, or olives.- In the evening at nine-thirty or .en, later'on Saturdays and . Sundays,'they close, the
doors and .finish the day's work by
polishing the fixtures and mopping up
the'floors and'marble stands.   After
shoes, they pack themselves like sardines into their crowded beds for a
few hours of stifling oblivion before
the next weary day.     Seven days in
the week they work, watched by the
crafty padrone or his relative, isolated
from learning the English language as
far as  possible, kept in  such  complete ignorance, that it is notUncommon to find Greek shoeblacks who
have lived here for upward of, three
years and yet know nothing of the city
beyond the.shop, their quarters, and
the streets they must traverse In getting from one to the other.     For tbis
they receive from $80 up to a maximum of $250 per year, the average
wages running from $120 to $.180, together with such food and lodging as
have been described and the additional privilege of buying old clothes from
the padrone at three times their value,
A Greek bootblack in New York receives from fifty cents a day upward
in tips alone.   In nine cases out of ten
as soon as the tipping patron leaves
the place the money goes into the register -or  a   special  receptacle, provided by the padrone, and thence into
his pocket.     Such Is the average life
of li bootblack in the great city of
New York.
Waldorf
Hotel=
P.  F. WHELAN, Manager
by analogy that if. girls have as much
self-governing "ability as boys, women
have as much as men.  ' While there
TEaTtbey areTfree to go to their wretch
ed lodgings and prepare a stew for
tlieir sumptuous chief meal. Too tired
often to-pull off more than coat and
CONSIDERATION FOR
TIO TORE CLERK
The Consumers' League of the city
of New York have done many wonderful things, but no one thing is more important than a little circular they get
out," urging people to shop early. Whether or not ybu have a Consumers'
League in your own community, large
or small, you would do well to take to
heart this message:
A miserable Christmas or a ,merry
Christmas? In planning a merry
Christmas for your friends, do not let
it mean a miserable Christmas to those
less fortunate than you.
Thousands of workers in every city
have been taught by bitter experience
to' look forward to Christmas with
dread.     -
Every shop clerk •' knows that the
coming.Christmas season will mean to
him or her an immense amount of extra work;'of nervous strain and exhaustion. ,--
The great army of workers whom
you'do not see—the bundle-wrappers,
drivers, and errand-boys—look forward
to Christmas as a hateful time of undeserved effort and hardship.
.Is this your conception of the day?
A very, little unselfishness on your
part will greatly ligbtenthe burden of
these working people. Merely do
your Christmas shopping early—early
_in_the7monthyaBdueai-iy7,in_the—day..
By so doing ybu will not. only relieve
tiho store clerks and errand boys' of
the necessity of serving you .at the
'last'moment, but you will escape tho
Rates, $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
'Phone in every Room
Sample Booms
On Main Business Street
lyieal Tickets,   $7.00
Special Rates by the week and the month and to theatrical parties.
Try our Special
Sunday Dinner
The finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars served by competent and obliging wine clerks. ?. "
.
annoyance of finding that the very-
gifts you most desire 0 have already
been sold. ,  _,   '
' Carry this message ■ on   to   your
•
friends and,let tlhem see how much a
little prompt action on their part will
mean to a great many peoplo less fortunate than they. '
When you are making your Christmas plans, do not forget the patient
workers in the shops. It may help
yoii to help them if you___vll___remember_
Bhose words:  ,
"Inasmuch as ye have done it unto
one of the least of these my brethren,
ye have done lt unto Me."
%
j."
V i
m<)
V
Alliance
of Alberta
Favorite
Results
TctySor !V!i!!ing' CciTipany,
lj^::y::yy
"■ifciiiiiiiiiii
m You Can Find
Come In and Make
for All this  Fatally
Purchases before the 0
•i> i
A set of Furs—A
Handsome Gift
"We are showing the newest styles in Furs of all
kinds, at very attractive values. Special display
.for Saturday of—
MUFFS—In high-grade Slink, Grey Squirrel,
Marmot, Isabella Oppossum, Alaska Sable
Coney, Stone Martin and Pony. Prices from $2.95
to $85.00.
STOLES—In all the'newest designs and combinations of furs. "We carry nothing but No. 1 Grade,
and will guarantee all- furs purchased from us.
Prices from  ...' $1.90 to $110.00
Kiddies' Paradise
The Toy Department
On the Second Floor >
Oh, You Skaters!
The ice is ready—Are you?
Have the best Skating Shoes in the market, we have
them—McPherson's Lightning Hitch—they have
them all beat, and they don't cost any more than the
other make's. Have comfort and satisfaction, and
buy your Skating Shoes from us.' We carry this
Shoe in Black and Tan, for men, women, girls and
boys, and have marked them for a big Saturday selling.—See these if you are going to Skate!
Our Shoe Department offers another very special
line for Saturday—Fine, warm Mocha and Calf
skin Moccasin. Slippers, lined with heavy white
Wool.' These Slippers mean solid comfort and
make the most sensible and acceptable gift. They
come_jn different colors in Men's Women's and
children's sizes.     Prices range from .$1.(__3 toJ$2J>_Q_
This department is most attractive. We have
the'newest inventions in Toys and Games; our dis;
play is attracting crowds of men, women, and children, everybody enjoys looking at the great-variety
of* ■ ;
STEAM ENGINES MECHANICAL TOYS
IRON TOYS and ANIMALS WOOL ANIMALS
MAGIC LANTERNS POSTCARD LANTERNS
XMAS TREE ORNAMENTS PICTURE BLOCKS.
ROCKING HORSES GAMES OF ALL KINDS
CHRISTMAS CARDS DOLLS OF ALL KINDS
MUSICAL TOYS NOVELTY STATIONERY
BOOKS OF ALL KINDS
Acceptable Linen
',.       7     '       0< ' •   *  ■
. We arc'particularly well stocked   with   Table
Linens.   ;   ' ,..        .   '     ■'-,.,.   /    <■■ y
Fine Satin Damask Clothes, in all sizes; 8-4,10-4,
12-4. These fine,Cloths come in sets .with napkins-
to matchr   Prices from  $7.50 to $18.50
Table Napkins, pure linen, hemmed ready for xise,.
- sizes: 16,18, 20', 22 in.   Prices .... $1.50 to $10 doz.
Fine Linen Damask, 56 in., 60 im, 70 in., 72 in.
wide.    Prices from 7 .75c. yd. to $1.75 yd. •
Fine Linen-Towels in^Linen Huck and fine Damask, from ... .-*; ;.... 50c. pr. to $2.25 pr.
Grocery Specials
FOR SATURDAY ONLY   •
<>       i
Silk Kimonas
Fancy Silk Kimonas, in all colors, and newest de:
signs, Messaline and lace trimmed. -~ These are-very
attractive and make very acceptable Christmas'
.gifts., - v       '     ',,-
We are also showing Dressing Gowns in plain'
i quilted Silks, embroidered in neat designs on collar,
cuffs and pockets.    These are made in all colors. ■'
Fancy Collars
See our Display, of Fancy Collars;    these are
manufacturers_Lsampl.es__and__ar(u.'en. arkably-eh eap.-
Lumbermen's Needs
We have paid particular attention,to the needs
of the Lumbermen;    You will find us well stocked'
_n all the best lines of        ,
, Mackinaw Clothing, Heavy Tweed Pants, Lum
bermen's Sox, Heavy Rubbers, Wool Caps, Mitts of
all descriptions and Heavy Wool Underwear.
-   Mackinaws.—We handle  the  "H.B.K." Brand
and the celebrated Carss' Coals, all styles, prices
from ' $4.50 to $10.00
Tweed Pants, untearable,'pure wool $3.00, to$3.50
Slag Shirts "in red, blue and black, at ...': .$2.50 ,
all sizes.
Long Mack Shirts, black only,'at .... $3.25.
all sizes.      •     ■»<•' r • ., ■
Heavy German'" Sox, all colors and weights and
sizes, prices '. 65c. to $1.50
Ileayy pure, wool Underwear, double breasted,
Special Saturday, per suit* .'.- .$1.75
Wool-Mitts, pure wool, from 25c. to 65c. pair.-'
Pull-oy,pr Mitts, all leather, prices 50c. to $1.50 pr.'
—Lined4eatherp\fittsrall-sWesf^
Mrs. Stewart's Liquid Blue 2 for
Scrub Brushes  -.  2 for
Jersey Hotel Cream -.'. *.. per tin
Carnation Wheat Flakes  .per pkg.
• Rival Wheat Flakes   .per pkg. _
"Lowney's Cocoa 1 lb. tin,,
Tetley's Cocoa X.. .....;.. M> lb. tin
Braid's Best Fresh,Ground Coffee . .2 lbs. for ■
Heinz Tomato Catsup": ....'. .pints
1 Fresh Seeded Raisins, ... \ .. 12 oz., 3 for '
Fresh Sultana Raisins,. .'.■'...... .712-oz., 3-for
Primes, 90-100 .:.._........-.I..... .3.lb$;hr
Evaporated Apples 72 lbs: for
'. Table Figs''. :. % lb. pkg.; 2 for
Crystal Lard '.'.  5 lb, pail
Shield Lard '. 5 lb. pail "_
Medium sized Hams .per lb.
' Shield Bacon  '.per lb!
Imported Macaroni  v... .25 lb. box I
Heinz Kidney Beans- ;., 2 tins for .
Simcoe Beans ..... Family,size, 2 tins for,
White,Swan Laundry Soap 12 boxes for
Gold Dust .'...' :... .3 "lb. pkg:
Pears' Unscented Toilet Soap .2 for
■ "Sauerkraut 4 lbs. for
Tetley's Special Bulk Tea ..........3 lbs. for,:
Tetley's Special 1 lb. .pkg. Tea ...... per pgk.
Canned Tomatoes :. _".3 lb. tins, 2'for
.25
.25
.20
.45
.35
.40
.35
.85
.25
.25
:25
.25
.25
.15
.90
.00
.22
.24^
.00-
.35
.25
.45
.20
.25
.25
.00
.35
.35
■•_}'
.  . 9
W
For Men Only
Special Line Men's Worsted,Suits on salc^Satur-
y-r^rrrtrfrrrrr.......0TTTfhTTfnT:T$l5TOd"
Money
Saving
Frices
TRITES-
The
Store of
' Quality
Mrs. W. A. Harrison bas returned
from a three months' trip to tho old
country.
Tho local Veteran's Brigade will
moot In tbo Reading Room of tho Minors', Hall on Sunday evoning next at
7 o'clock.
, Chief Minty has returned from an
extended inspection of liquor licences
In South-Kast Kootenay. In all thero
nro IU retailors and 9 wholesalers who
como undor government supervision.
Tho monthly tea glvon by tho Mothodlst Ladies' Aid will he held at the
homo of Mrs. G. II, King,1 Fornlo Annex,
on Tuosday afternoon, Doc. 3rd, from
!J to ti o'clock.
There are 19 inmates in tho City
Jail.
Alexander Macnoil, barrlster-at-law,
of Fernio, ,has been appointed a com.
missioner for talcing affidavits within
tho Province of British Columbia.
The last Cradle Roll reception for
the year will bo held noxt Wednesday
In the basement of the PreBby,terlan
Church from 3 to 5' p.m. All mothors
nnd thoir littlo ones welcome.
Arthur Green, the man who did
somo shobting at Coal Creek last
weolc, appeared boforo Magistrate
Alexander who committed him for
trlnl. Tho charge waB reduced from
attempted murdor to that of unlawful wounding.
Tho third annlvoniary dinner of the
Ladies' Aid ot tho Mothodlst Church
took place on Monday night, a largo
number of members mid frlonds being
prosont. Tho affair was it highly
BiiccpiiKful ono, both riniincliMly it ml socially,
Munlngo Hcoiihoh woro Ismiod'at the
Provincial flovertimont Offlco, Fornlo,
to tho following parties: Mima Tnr-
kelson and (Inlboy, both of Fnrnlr.;
Herbert Cecil Smith, of Fernio, and
Mary Kllon Qnllnmoro, of Cranbrook;
JninoH Henry Mitchln and Surah Ana
Ogden, both of Conl Creole Wm. Lord,
of Vancouver, nnd l-Ilanbatl. irnmp«
ton, of Now Michel.
CITY COUNCIL
A meeting'of tho City Council was
held last night, Acting-Mayor Morrison In the chair. Other members
present were Aid. Brown, Graham and
Robichaud, The session was only a
short one, llttlo of Interest transpiring.
ELECTION RUMORS
CITV   COURT   OF   REVI8ION
Av-_li.fi Mayor .Mon'Uori, and Ald*.r-
men Graham nnd Robichaud nro tlio
commlttoo appointed to rnvlao tho city
votors' roll. Thoy will nil In th*
Council Chamber on Tuesday evening, Decern hor 10, nt S p.«i, Jo listen
to any objections to thn list,
THC )Uli>
Tho feature .HniB aro taking well at
tho lain, and largo numbers wltncaaed
tho production of "Purgatory and Para'
dlao," nm) "Robin Hood," Another two
reel nubjoft which In bound to plnnse
In "In Old TonnoaaflO," which will bo
shown on Friday and Snturday, This
. la unit) to bo an enthralling atory of n
girl detective In thn hand* of moon-
aUlncva. Another datim film wltltb
la prom I nod for the near futuro ia
"Tbu C-liliwiUnl Cmn*/ taken .row
the nnv#l of that name. Other pic.
trtroa ... tun ahown tonlgbl ^Friday)
and to-morrow aw:
... "AU for Lovo," "Jealoua Ilage." "AH
on Account of a Widow,"
L, P. Eckstein nnd iX McTa«gort
woro in town, Mr, l.ckstoln arriving
I'rom Edmonton on Monday night, and
Mr. MoTaggort from Vancouver, whero
no Is ongngod In tho practlco of his pro
foBSlon.   Tlioy worn horo tn arrnngoa
HtHllOUHMll. Of  1llO   bllHlllOHH  Of  tllO  Old
firm of lUdcsloln & MeTnggort, which
was takon ovor by A, Macnoil.
THE GRAND
"Custor'i. Last Stand," a throo-jcnl
story of ono of tlio ninny trials of
Htrongth lHitwcoii tho Inhabitanth of
the Unltod Btiitot. nnd the IlodBkltiH
brought out a crowded houso nn Wed-
ix'flilny night, and gave entire satlH-
faction to tho largo audlonco. The
hoiidllnor for Monday night l« "Im.
olio," n throo ronl Tlinnhoiisor production, adapted from n narrative poem
published a half century ngo by the
l.url of Lytton, The (homo la ontlro.
ly irtodorn, with n dnlnty flnvorlng of
old tlmo romance und l« a atory of wo-
i magnanimity; thn flvo-plooo Hrnm.
orchoatra la doing good work, nnd nil
In nil patrons of tlio Grand havo llttlo
to complain of. Tlio program for tonight and tomorrow Ja; 'Tho Llro of
n Itoao." "Thn Hldd^Ti T.ln'.it" »nm.
to Propoaala." "A Stranger to Coyoto
Siroot" (this haa nothing to do with
tho famous atroot of that name whoro
the stork hovera around In Coal
Oroek), "The Animated Wnnkly."
So far nothing definite is known
as to who will contest tho mayoralty,
Rumors are afloat that John Gates,
C, E. Lyons and Aid. Broley will fight
It out, but, those gentlemen when seen
had llttlo to say on the subject. Aid.
Brown and Morrison nro ln the field
for tlio Council, and othors mentioned In this connection nro Jas. McLoan
(of tho Coal Co,) and Wm. Jackson.
Aid. Graham and Robichaud, wo un.
dorstand, hnvo decided not to'run,
AD WOLGA8T LOSES TITLE
.DALY CITY, Nov, 28.—Willie Ritchie won the light-weight championship of tho world from Ad. Wolgast
here today on a foul in'the'slxteenth
round. Wolgast had tho better of
t..o fight the first ten rounds, but Ritchie was tho hotter man from then up
to the'end of the 'sixteenth round,
./hen Wolgast fouled to save himself
from a knock out.
BIRTH RATE OF FRANCE
8HOW8 ALARMING  DECREA8E
SOCIALIST PARTV
I'.eonomlc claflsos will oofiimonco on
Sunday afternoon noxt nt 2.30 In tho
Library Room of tho MIitoi'H' Hall.
Tho work under consideration Is "Tlio
cIiihh at niggle," by Karl Kautsky.
Propaganda, mooting will ho hold 1^
the basement of tho Miners' Hall ln
tlio evening, commencing nt 8 o'clock,
Tlio HiK'iikor will ho Thos, Frnneo, of
Conl Creek, whose mibjoct will bu
"Logic."
At tho conclusion of tho Propaganda
.M.'iilliiR lho annua! oloctlon of officers
for tlm forthcoming yonr will take
place,
PARIS, Nov. 20,—Tho birth rate
of Franco was lower by moro than
100,000 In 1911 than In 1901. Louis
Klotz, mlnlBtor of finance, announced
thb fact to tho commission on depopulation at Its first session today. Ho
snld: "Military Inferiority,, economic
inferiority and tho diminution of tho
powor of Franco ln the world will
sooner or later bo tho consequences
of the sterility of our nntlon."
M. KM'/, doolnrod that tho figures
woro most dlsnultlng, Tho number of
bli ihu last your was only 742,114 In
tlio wholo of Franco, against. 857,27-1
u decide ngo.
fight a way to the exit. Scores' were
knocked down and trampled upon and
many were crushed to death ln the passages from the gallerloB to the streets.
Tho news of the disaster brought
largo crowds, who gathered In a frenzied manner outside the building, and
tho authorities had great difficulty in
carrying on'the work of rescue and
extricating tho dead and Injured from
the piles of wrecked seats,
The manftgoNand, other employee
have boen nrrcBted and are bolng held
pending an inquiry.
FIVE LOSE LIVE8
IN PRISON REVOLT
THE   LATE  JAS.  W.   MURPHY
A. C. LIphardt, Jeweller, in giving
coupona for'avery purchnao of $1.1.0
during the month of December only,
which will entitle the holders to parti.
cSjmte in a drawing, iha |»ri».a for
which nm: |S0 Diamond King, $30
Lady's or (font's Watch, and fir, iwlld
Gold Km«rald aet Lockot.
The death occurred on Tuesday last
of sir. Jas, W. Murphy, a woll-known
teMldont of Mills city, The deceased,
to all npponrnnco, looked halo and
hearty, although occanlowtlly given to
heart trouble, Ho wns «<v>n down
town on Monday, and hla riemlao on
luosdiiy cumo na a surprise. Mr.
Murphy wa» CG years old, and was a
native of Ireland. tie resided in
Fornlo slnco the flro, coming horo
froiii Kaalo. For some throe year* ho
Jio been « tiro warden, prior to which
hnd beon a flro warden, prior to which
loaves a wlfo nnd two children to
mourn hla loss, Tho funoral took
placo today (Friday 1 from tho Catholic Church, Father Mlchola and O'Nell
officiating.
FIFTY CHILDREN KILLED
IN PICTURE SHOW
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN
I, WM. PATTBRflON. almll not hold
myself reaponaible for any dobta con*
traded by my wife. KATB MITCHKLL
PATTBRflON.
fJ.I>n.od. WM. PATTERflnV
Flames Were Extinguished but Crowd
Loat Nerve—Klddlea Trampled on
WLHOA, Spain, Nov. 21.—A tcrrl-
riblo panic waa cniiaod this afternoon
by the cry of flro at a moving picture
show hern, About fifty chldren and
othors woro killed. Only ono woman
tip to a Into hour tonight wna found
 , . M . . ,m. . -      1   .
 i...a   •>•>-   u(...«.     inu ..u.uvlt   u.  IUO
.njnrort .!<. -nr.* Vnnwn, ri? most of tli.-iii
woro taken to tholr homca by friends.
Tho Hcoiifi of tho accident la a large
circus, which hail boon convorlod Into
n continuous moving show.    Aa tho
„..'.*_ i„k ,u_,_u_6<ui>.i i» uuiy VttU Ci;111.,,
thc building waa crowded to Ita capacity, for tho moat part with womon
nnd children.
The operator of tho mnchlno loat
hla nerve when a film limited, and
arjvflm.vl1 "flro?" Ho was able to ex-
tlngtilali the flamoa without difficulty.
hut the effect of Lis cry upou the audience was Inatantnncoua. Almoat
everyono within Iho bulldln* sprang
up. The police and tho affondanta
wero pow_irlt<B8 to control tho panic
•.rl«1.«n Kftj>le>, snd wer txeupt away
br thn nnrf.iinr m_m:t which auU»tit .to
ROCUHPORT, Franco, Nov, 25.—
Flvo persons wore killed and throo
wounded In a revolt which took placo
In lho prison herd yoatorday. Tljo prisoners overpowered tlielr guards nnd
shot to death tho wnrdon and his wlfo.
An official nnd sailor who went to tho
assistance of tho officers woro danger-
misly wounded. The rovolt occurred
nt the noon hour, whon sovoral pris-
c-ncrs suddenly Jumped on tholr officer, wrenched his rovolvor from him
i.nd shot blm through tho bond.   -
Troops woro htlrrlodly aummonod
n 1101 after surrounding tho building
dicvo tho mutinous prisoners to tho
top of the building and klllnd ono of
Ihem T,ho two rlnglondoj'H bitrrlcnd'
ml themsolvoB In n cell, which thoy'do.
fended desperately with a lmtchot,
Tlioy finally committed itilnldo with
tho wnrdon's revolver, Sovoral of
tho prisoners aiiccomlod In making
tholr osonpo during tho affray,
THIRTY THOUSAND
6IVEN AN INCREASE
Railway Engineer*. Given Partial Victory by Arbitration Board's Decision
On Claim for More Pay.
Tho riiatoma department of Ottawa
took a nt nnd started lovylng a duty
of 2% centB por gall, on funl oil lm-
porlod for tho railways nnd ntoamhoata
tho duty thus amounting to more than
tho coat of tho fuol oil!    Tho C. P. R,
, ,, f    eft    .   f       f    nt, •     •
......   ^n..M..M,__f   Kta    >,i,.fe   ff/f)   *uui.,t   .,.-
♦orofltofl to jwm.. tbo Irn^M. nnd n
wire to Ottnwa shows thoso eomponloa
to be a moro powerful factor In tho
govomment than tho Mlnlator of Cub-
toma, for tho duty lavy was promptly
iniHidwii'ri il.y.'.r'?; fl ir,?" j'.-.jJ.'.i';!;'
quite within tho law.—Thc D. 0. Mining and Engineering Record,
WASHINGTON, Nov,' 20.—Thirty-
thousand locomotive onglnoers of
fifty-two Eastern railroads gain a'partial victory ln their demand for more
wages, undor tho award announced today by tho board of arbitration.
Tho board holds that tho public,
which had no volco in tho controversy,
hnd moro at stake than the engineers
or railroads nnd emphasizes tho necessity of plnns to safeguard tho publlo
against tho possibility of a futuro
strlko.    ■
"It would bo difficult to oxaggor-,
alo tho BoiiouunoBH of such n calamity," roads tho report. "It Is safo to
say that lho largo cities of tho IUast
would find tlm supply or many articles
of food oxhnustod within a wook. Tlio
IntoruBta of tho public ho far exceed
thoso of the partloa to a controversy,
na to render tho former piiramount.-
To this paramount Intercut both tho
rnllrond oporntors and tho omployors
should submit,"
The board advocatos tho creation
of fodornl nnd stato wago co.iiiiiI.j-
hIoiih, Thono coiiiiiiIhhIoiim, tlio board
auggosta, should bo vent oil wltb virtually tho Hiimo powers ovor orgnnlzod
lnbor nB publlo utllltlea commissions
now oxorclso ovor quasi-public cor.
poratlonn.
The award dates back to May 1 and
will'hold for one year from that date.
Mr. Morrlssoy • represented- the ' engineers, has indicated ■ doubt as to its
renewal. , ,      '    ''
, Tho attitude of tlie railroads, aB outlined In a statomont today by President Willnrd, of Baltimore nnd Ohio,
who represented tbo railroads on the
arbitration board, Is Indefinite as to
tho futuro. 0
\
UNSKILLED LABOR
18   RECOGNIZED
•?--.
SYDNEY, Nov. 20.—Skilled labor in'
Now South Waloa has long boon under
tuo protection of factory act provisions which regulnto Its hours nnd Insure (lucent wngos, Now unskilled lnborors ln that stato nro receiving tho
protection of similar Industrial leg- ■
Islntlon and a court award was obtained rocontly undor tho factories'
act by the Unltod Lnborors' Protection Society of Now South Wales, for
\iiii.Ulll_'d l;iUoicr« working In quaii'luii
.iiu! gravel pita. Tho chief causo of
tlio award Insured a IS hour weok,
with a half holiday on Saturday,' All
publlo, holidays must bo recognized
nnd double niton must ho paid for no-
ct'HBitry work on Siitidnya or holidays,
Ovorllriio ratos vary from tlmo and n
half, lo doublo time after two houra'
overtime,
The rnteg of pay flxod upon rnngo
from 27 to ;)!) cool por hour, accord-
nl« to tho rlitsa of unskilled labor.
Undor Now South Wnlos Industrial
law, those rales como Into operation
at onco.
NOT EXCOMMUNICATED
LISBON. Nov. 27.—Tekuraroa from
Rome announce tbat tho Vatican baa
ducldud nol lo tikcummuukAlo the Portugese -priests, who havo aceptod pen-
alona from tho KovamnrmnL but to allow thorn to recognlto tho Republic.
Rnmora had aprcad In Portugal that
the Valk-j-u u«» about to adopt an
oyculy tiou.llc lUUUilw.
..■it-'!  .• •*■ .-Ly
•i.v:.v.-vV
V
,,^,ss«,:
ii fiii
>i 4
A wmt.fym "lAidJe" At Uic Oraadl on
Holiday next..       ■ - -J •"      ■-      ' -' ■'«■■"-
X
iij-'. yt I
f ,v-r"wl
.'■•it',,*'" .•*-.* _,
No.15, mi. VI.
3j,-    ^L i . .^ l\ ^t"-*;* ^   *£•:>>„<
THZ/DISTMOT, LEDGER, FERNIE;; B.,C./NOVEMBER 30,1912
SIXTEEN PAGES
y>"- ->   y« rpu-Zi-Ji *<i'~-y ? -     ?,..■■_   -   - ■ ,<   '..,    ' ■.   .. "      -r --  --• ^ *■ 7 •■ -.'<» *•■,•- '
A j
"_"V " V (*■'      - '     '\      '
r7_7 -y'
'fi
» ^ ? y
I
77 w
.V"
o«;'*
»v
yl'-'fi'k^ ml mm'k^^mm-'mm'"imm^''mTm' .'**.,     M'^^^L;" r'-\''-,^^L -"        ' l7 '':!^________h_7 ■
r'.A
%s*s
<■ i. yf:y-. '*?y;
. „\
TRADING
CO.,  LTD.
-r" jt
x.
COLEMAN, ALBERTA
"The Store that is Owned by the People"
A Stdck of Thirty Thousand Dollars Worth of
, a I
ise
K
•I*,
■  Selected for burshareholder^ arid thdr friends: selected for the real value and pleasure there is in it,
'-XS\y"--X     " 7''^ v«, 'X'yy \,y   "Ty-   7X>\'7S<   7H'77^;     :-^       •    7^'fj(/    ^     •- ,(- "   ' V",-/"' .^     ''    ' "-    V -      ■       ,      '   '-      >    •    7       „<   7
not merely to sell, but to use.      That is the difference between the usual store-keeping and co-obera-
r:::
'•J r.
tive distributipm    There are four Weeks of happy anticipation.
y
i y v
o -
Christmas Goods for Children
\.
Warm^ Coats,. s.I^ilbt:edsG6ods,\Sb^:Hats; High Leg Felt Shoes/ 1.35 to 1.75, Dainty Slippers, Party Slippers
''"'■\-V6lov(*Wa^^^ :
4 -V
yy,r
t. f
^
Christmas^ Goods ft»rf Womeir
^Hurs^Stoiesr^Muffsf^ greiat variety,   Dresses, ?Skirts, -: Fur-lined Goats, Cloves and Mitts
':ST •  Romeo SH||per^7_ro__i ;1;Q0,   Fancy Slippers;,   Shoos for evening ^weat- New Idea Patterns; 10c
EVeryyoine^ Differei^iit     ^ - VERY SPECIAL 3 LAblE^ TRIMMED HATS Eyeryohe a Peach
■"'1*        ;        RegulaV Value, 2.75:^ ■ ■-  -
Christmas Goods for Men
7„ Slater Shoes.   Everything to eat, to wear and to give away.   Comeandsee.
" "A
/
It's War in West
Virginia when Miners
Ask Living Conditions
•ii
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Nov. 26.—
Horo la a plcturo ot a tontod village,
uostllng in a valloy in Wost Virginia,
where miners aro striking for freedom
from govornmont by prlvutoly paid
mlno guards and for a living wago.
And boyond you boo tlio coal lilllfl,
- ,FabuloUB wealth lies In thoso hills
aiKl. unapoakablo mlsory undor the
t'onts.
You soo Provldonco has spread out
a, flno tablo for all IU chlldron horo
and yot within, arm's length of tho
fonsj tlioy i.ro starving.
In thoso Ullla, put tlioro for ovorybody Ib Btorod tho powor that moves
woolon mills and cotton mills and
shoo factories and lumber mills, but
undor tents oloso by. llvo chlldron who
nro ragged mid bi.ro ot foot nnd who
havo not ovon tho shelter of a foot,
Somo Few Qopge All,
Tlio strong fow havo gorged thorn-
salvos on tho everlasting brinquot that
wnn spread out for all, whllo tho many
nt tlio foot of tho bills' havo gotten
only tho crumbs.
Last May tboy askod for rt fow moro
crumbs.
"Moro crumbs . do   you    want?"
cried tho,Goal Dukes   of   tho   Mils.
"Either you tako what you got or you
' got nono at nil."
And that's tho reason for tlio strlko.
i_mc iii why mon and womon nnd children, driven from their homo* into tho
hlRhvrajs, wait under their tents with
trnglo resignation for tho hardship* of
tho wlntor; that's why men, «mbltt«r-
nil, _iuv« boon iu-poNod t^awless acts;
that's why mlno guards, hired .by the
Cosl Dukes to koop intruders away
from the foaat, have boon slain.
Last night minors shot Into tho do-
atortod vlllsges of Wacoma and Stand-
nr»f., Thflro aro many «uc!i vtUagca
•cattowd along the railroad tracks.
Thefr <xflcd Inhabitant* arc uow
squatting in toots on the highways.
J, W. lUanVenship a railroad engineer was struck by a stray bnllot nnd
wounded tn the teg.
Privilege Reaps Reward
PrfrfMcw hint  for  yflflrn  fn   Teat
Virginia enjoyed tho profits   of   an
orgy bf ldwlessnoss, of the respectable
oinlBtor kind, and this ls .wlmt it
rea<ps. ' ■
And tlio governor of tho state totally
unablo to comproliond tho deop, under-
ly. factB of the Bltuation, Ib 'trying
to BotUo tho. difficulty with Boldiers
ami martini law, which Is bolng omployod at a largo oxpenso to tho peoplo of tho stato to protect strike-break,
ora.
Ob, sir, evon if you llvo In somo
attic ln a city tenement, you can't
hnlf plcturo what ls bolng endured by
tho dispossessed in the conl valleys of
Knnawhp, county.
Why, tho other day word Bproad1
through tho length of Cabin Crook
that shoos had been sent from tho
minors' union for tho children, It
wim hh though tlio announcement hnd
boon mado that Simla Clnus was coming ahead of tlmo,
Shoes Welcome as Toys
It wns Novombor, but tho children
woro still barefoot ns in July. And
thon tho shoot, came. It didn't mnttor that soma pinchod so and somo
scraped tho skin off tho hoc!, Thoro
wns nn ocRtntic hnpplriosH that you cnn
find only horo whoro tho smnllost comforts asHiimo lho proportion of luxuries.
Hut tlioro weren't enough shoos to
xo mound. And to thoso llttlo chlldron who romnlnod*i!nshod It was ns
though a spiteful Santa Claim had .boon
thoro and passed thorn ovor.
liable* aro playing with bullotn
horo — tho toys In the klndorgnrton
that greed hns established in tho hills.
Tliov nrn Innn- olifirnnnnMl 1«i1lM« thr.*.
fit into tho wins thnlr fath«r« Wp
in thoir tents, for it's wnr linrt. nnd
nothing olso,
In Uto front of tho strugglo aro the
chlldron nnd tho womon In whoso bo»
hBlf th*. irtr..f. Aof,n not. lift, n htinA.
AUJgned against them aro tho strikebreakers, backed by tho fulll military
authority of Uio state. And In tho
distance Is Orood wailing for Uio victory.—Cincinnati Post.
Miners' War Carried.
To Washington and
New York
TOOK NO CHANCE&
"Didn't you give that.horse thief a
clti-iuM to Mty anything before you lynched hlmt"
"No." replied Broncho Wll. 'We
a pretty glib talker and wo thought It
best not to tako any chances, There's
no telJIn" what a silver-tongued orator
may net ..way wim ' ll_<_*o titty*."—-
Washington Star.
That the mlno owner» of Kanawha
Valloy, of Wost Virginia, havo resorted
to theft, murder and robbery fn their
mad greed, nnd doBlro to maintain a
virtual system ot peonage about tholr
coal mlnos is tho substance of an Intorvlow that Mother Jonos gavo to a
Call roportod yesterday at tho Union'
Squaro Hotol.
From tho facta ulie rocited it appears that tho coal barons will otop
nt nothing and will stoop to the lowcHt
depths in ordor to extract moro than
tlio UBiinl lion's Bliaro from tlio .workors' product, Thoy rofuso to bo satisfied wllh tho "legitimate " profits
accruing In tho course of rogulnr exploitation, and In their wolfish appetite for dividends nnd profits thoy
hnvo gono to tho extent of robbing tho
workor boforo ho rocolvoH his pny envelope, charging tho minor with having drawn monoy whon tlio minor
know* nothing nbout, and in addition
robbing him through tlio notorious
company storo system, whero tho
workor Id compelled to buy Ills necessaries nt prices which In many instances are doilblo thoso charge.) by
indopendont morohanm,
"M10 strlko of tho fi.OOO odd minora
In tbo I'nlnt Creek and Cabin  Creek
• .'r'THB," sa!S   ?.t...v.-   Jw_.va,'."..«»,
no*,  thn 'roitaU  nf  ncltnt.fvn.      The
strlko was spontaneous.  Tho workers
woro driven to It lit tholr dospnlratlon !
Tlio minora know well tho consequences thoy would have to suffer It tlioy
•.tntMr vpt nntlilpp' fcirt .'j'vi'^r !':r,\':-i
for them than to stay at work, guarded
by thugs and ex-convlcia,   who  call
tliomsolvos detectives.    Thoy preferred to strike and freose and starve rn.
ther than slave In tho bowels of the
earth at|d freeze and starve, too,
tf People Would Only Think)
"If (the people In the title* far removed from ihe mines  would   only
•top to think under what  condition*
tho coal that keeps Useta warm mi
comfortable la being dug, If tbey eonM
only realise at what a great cost to
human life these black diamonds aro
IttUtg brouKhl out from   within
particle that composes each lump, of
coal. Thoy would, instead of tho red
flickering flames, see bloodshot eyes
and In every ono of thoso f Hckors tboy
would see an accusing finger pointed
at them, holding them responsible
for the malntonanco of a system which
breeds such conditions. Thoy would
know tliat ovory ploco and ovory grain
of coal Is baptized In workers' blood,"
It became ovldont as sho told the
foregoing story tbat she was movod
by what sho ropoatod as ■ sho looked
back to tlio West Virginia coal fields,
whoro sho left tlto struggling workers
in whoso lnto.oi.ti. bUo camo to this
city. Sho could not speak any longor.
Sho merely pointed to a.large pile of
documonts nnd directed Tho Cnll reporter to Jtifll. kIiuico -over them and
boo wlint tliey confninod. ,, (
; The documents roforrod to woro
affidavits nnd sworn statements of all
sorts, tolling in mnny varied forma
ono long gruiMiono story of Inhuman,
\brutnl nnd unprocodontod cnpltallHtic
robbory,
Somo affidavits rend to tho effect
thnt tlio company did not recognlzo
tlio government Htnndurd weights, thut
Instead or rigiirlriff 2,000 pounds to tlio
ton (whlcli is tha legal short   ton)
Creek while the ntrike in this section
Is' on.       ''   „ „
They held an important meeting in
Huntington tho other night to devise
somo moans to 'take mis stop. The
object of the mooting mainly is to boo
ir lt Ib possible to refuse to haul tills
coal and not violate any federal law,
and tt Is understood they claim their
attorneys say thoy can do so,
Tills Is a very important matter,
nnd may tlo things up completely on
thoso c.co1.b nnd' thoy think It may
bring about a settlement of this annoying and costly strike—Tho Citizen,
LABOR GOVERNMENT
TIRESJF EXPENSE
Lord Denman. Governor-General V>f the
Commonwealth, Moved Prom
8ydney at Request of
State
WOMEN OUTLIVE MEN
At Leait This Appears to be the Caae
In France
Tho hUUIbIIcii of French ItiHiinim-o
companies provo beyond question tlmt
womnn llvo longer thnn mon, nor Is
tlio f.miluliio nil vim tai..) lu longevity
11 matter of a fow moniliH, or n\ott
yours. The difference Ih one of nl-
mont 11 third, TIiiih, llio iivci-ago ngo
of dentil for womnn annuitant.) on tho
Btituont parts of the Empire, to each-'
othori and to foreign countries and the
Labor SoclallBt movement ns a wholo.
FINDS LARGEST DIAMOND
IN THE WORLD
I....>I.h of one compnny Ih "u, nnd for
thoy compelled llio- minors to produco {mon « bare r»0. ' Another company lm«
2,240 pounds for ovory ton  tlioy  woro ' Severn I contennrliliiH, nil women, ou IIh
credited with, Tho right to havo
clieckwolKhmon of thoir own (a right
undlBpiitnbly granted to union minors)
wnn donlod tho striking miners,
hooks.   TIiobo .ortmint.) pci'HotiH luivo
iilrcttfiy rccnlved   tholr   cnpltnl bnck
; flvo or six times ovor.   Tho compnny
U umv thinking of rovlBlug Hh uilffh
Through tho.absence of tho miners' |i«iid making "ano lnw for thn man and
cliocliei-H and welglioi'H it wn« poagtblc 'aiiolh"r for the women,"
for tho barons to credit a miner with i   Asked to nHslgn tho 'ronsons fnr (li*»
na ndie WW. «B.uioir audacity nndiRWttor longevity   of   women, n dis-
Affidavit Charge Spy System
Other affidavit* charge the compnny
with employing a thorough spy system
in   ttir-  TflTlkK     Of     tllO    Wf-rtvNrii       'i.«,1
with keoplng a guard of murderously
armed thugs about the mines, Tho
ngoncy that furnishes the "guards" is
tlio notorious' strikebreaking Haldwin
Detective Agency,—New-Vork Cnll.
TRAINMEN MAY REFUSE
TO MAUL SCAB COAL
ON Cf DIN CREEK
tiiiktU-Btiuui .iuuior uttriliutod tho fact
lo (lie difference In tliu IIvom led by
thp two nexce, "Men live rimch harder," hu snld; "thoy smoke too much;
tliey ililuk loo much; they <-von,
in jiirtii. ^-«.»tii» work loo itiucJi. 'Wo-
men am much wlsor. They think of
tlie futuro. Thoy rarely smoke; thoy
drink ton times lias; their preoccupations nnd their morals and suffer-
limn nro much lost Intonsc. Thus.
nl (0 n wnuifln N In tho. plo.i.t.ttdc
of her physical powers, while n mnn
-ii iiu* wm. nco Una prububl> ton-
ij;kU<) otaunlc weaknefme* which
tni"n:iir hi* life."
SYDNEY, N. S, W„ Nov. 24v-Chas-
ed out of his residences nnd thrown
upon the cruel world with no placo In
thia iitate to lay IiIb official head, Is
thb fnto of lho roproBontnlivo of thu
King In Australia.
Lord Donninn, govoriior-Konornl of
tlio comnionwoalth, who rocoptly rocolvod notice from the Btato government to quit has now pneked up nnd
gono to hln rosldonco In Melbourne,
tho tan porn ry cnpltnl or the grout Ih-
liind continent.'
Government Responsible
The labor government declares (tint
It wniiin the building fnr n museum
nd the grounds for an dxIoiihIoii of tlm
botonlcal KiirilciiH, Also I Iin govern-
MM'iit grudges lin/Milt which linn to lie
cnntrihulud yearly to keep up tlio <•_•
tnlillHlimeiil. '
Sydney rof-lcty |» nhuckcd lu-yond
mcnmire nl ihcap outrngcoua prm-ccil-
ingN nnd hnd evolved all klmlH of
scliomoH lo keep tho reHldniico of tho
governor-jrctiernl Intnef, Vnvertlieloim,
Ihe lnbor iidnilnlstrnllnn him ulinwn Itsolf ndnmnnt.
nit, ... 1   . .    r.
w..t._,w    .^    *•*/
Tliren pnbllp-nplrl'fd mr-n nr-tnull*-
offered to pny the ftr.,000, but were
turned down by the state parliament.
The com mon wnn It It government offered to pny the state authorltlOB fl',-:.
Tier cent  nn tlie ritiiMl  vii'w,  ,.* ■'
estntu and was Ifkowlne uiiublKxl, Ix>rt>
Denmnn himself prolcnicd mildly but
without aval).
If tho governor-general wInIioh to
visit Sydney now he will have fo bo
the guest of lho Mtnto governor.
JOHANNB8I1UI.G, Nov. 28.—A diamond weighing 1,019 cnnits has beon
found In the Premier mine, This Is
tho largest diamond iu tho world. Tho
.iimou.. Cullliiun, wiilch was found in
tlio Bamo mlno in 1905, 3,02-1 enrnts,
lint wob cut into 11 Bopnrnto Htones.
Tho dlnmond just found when cut may
not provo to bo ub largo nn the Ciilli-
limn diamond,
_—giW*W»lii|iWI,W»w        -_
jw,iuw.v.vivi«ir.%\v<nv/.7iwtC
*- «w///«i(llillllllHH>«tvT—,
$^Tl$
Wi
ARTICLE • SOLD
EVERYWHErlfi
UNITED LABOR IN EMPIRE
You cnn get $/,& a month for fclllin.r
earth, they would see a tear In t>\
Another feature of the eoal atrlko
developed recently. There la a movement on foot by Ibe brotherhood of bvrc.an Writ* in the army. You <-_»n
engineer* and firemen «» th* Ch+*n-'c-t *•'» n d»y fhr fttujrts hota. Coll
the jpeskff «nd Ohio to rcfuao to haul any j l«ri*. why »oAb on the butchers.—W. A.
more conl from Cnhfri Crook or Paint i limine,
1
I    IX)\DO.V, Nov, 28.--At a conference
!of ihe Jabot- party which will be bell
jfrt London In January, a propo»,il will
jbo made that nit thc labor parties of
ithe .iritlih Kniiilre shall hold a con-
t'.v;Ut,ovi, lu LuuktiU-r t. Ubur t»oliey tn
| Imperial affair* wltb a vl*w to united
j At firm on queNlloni. nffertlng the con-
! For.tmxtaiig spaa
-1 i,n i''ii»jiii> • •ur*' 'i>i- * ,1
Spftenmtf!; water,?
removing paint,
sinks, clo sefs.
„.i,ni■■,•■'•■ it.'-iiimiiii'i' -'ii'-'iii ^''I'i*'"!1"".'!!'
mm
E.W.OILLETT
COMPANY
LIMITED
TORONTOtONT
y\
<*.! u.
'y
. tQ.\*fi*nrryig£»,f W^flPTi-H^.WgafrW
JWMS^fcC^^P^
PAGE TEN
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, NOVEMBER 30, 1912.
Canadian
Railway
ANNUAL      EASTERN      EXCURSIONS
FERNIE to TORONTO and Return  ,'
FERNIE to  MONTREAL and Return
 ,..-...--....$67.15
.'........ -.;......... -.$72.15
Corresponding low rates to points in Ontario, .Quebec,and Maritime
Provinces ■   '   .
Tickets on Sale December 1st to 31st, inclusive. Good to return
within three months..'LIBERAL EXTENSION'PRIVILEGES.
Tickets issued in connection with Trans-Atlantic trips ou sale Nov.
7th to Dec. 31st inclusive, and limited to five months from, date of
issue, with privileges of excension, ' . ,
'   TICKETS VIA ALL TRANS-ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP LINES
For full Information, rail and steamship tickets, apply to "    •,
R. READING, Agent, Fernie, B.C.; or'write to R. G. McNELLIE,
District Passenger Agent, Calgary,- Alta.
HeaJ Office
HAMILTON
f.MMTM. .'..in Vir $3,000,000
Hkm.kvi: Axn 1>m>iyioi:i> I'norirs    3,500,000
Total Asmw ..  over 45,000,000
Just as a su'ccessiui mcrctiau. makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every scrvlse consistent with conservative
banking practice.
Ko deposit is too small to assure the depositor considerate treatment—the savings
accounts of those in moderate circumstances
/$____. are welcomed with courtesy, aud with absence of undue formality which makes banking a convenience and a pleasure.
F..B. Roberts, Agcsw
Varied Opinions dii:sS7
Expelling 7&m0s
BELLEVUE,   HOTEL
Bellevue Alta,
Commercial House
Best accommodation in the Pass
Up-to-date — Every convenience
Excellent cuisine*
Suitable for Ladies & Gentlemen
H. B. Hineline
Proprietor   \
I
]W«&^-r#ifGif&<3B>G»S2»CDW>ti$H
PANTORIU'M-^AU-O R^-J
Next to Fernie Hotel ■    , §
S U I TS    TO    MEASURE
from $15.00 to $50.00
GENTS AND LADIES'CLOTHES
Cleaned
Repaired
and
Pressed        |
Head Off That Cold
*—*-■ "-'— -~^-_—,-—«~—'**"" i —-—"■   ' ■ -—■—      ~
Do nol lot a cold run awny with you. Assort your
rights,by fighting a cold with tlie propor weapon.
Tho bust way to headoCJ! n cold and overcome it
is by talcing
i *
Laxative Bromide Quinine Tablets
Tho handy and uonvonicnt form in which these
tablets aro made render them pleasant to lake and
effective in result!.. Fifty clioeolale-coated tablets in oaoh box, "Will break up a cold in less than
__•_ hours. 25o, por Box,
A. W. BLEASDELL
DRUGGIST AND. STATIONER FERNIE, B.0,
»»««&«M___»««M_ft«»«_E»a_t
J
WHY
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Bocausothoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
THE 41    MARKET  CO.
BAM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
KENNEDY  &  MANQAN'
Lumber for all
Purposes
horo at any time and in an.'
qiifinlty. You cannot wamu
iu with a large ordor, or glvo
ni ao Btnoll a ono tbat wo will
not attend to it.
THERE ARE BOARDS, BEAM8
JOISTS, SHINGLES, EtO.
(or any kind of bulMlni. you
may bo at work upon, llav-o
ui acrid you what you want
when you want it
orrtec *»».. vauo, mci>hch«on av«„ ori*. a n. dipot, pcrnic
•.««*S.*C!->''h>.J
' How- widely opinions 'differ /Among
men of large and long experience in
coal mining is illustrated in tbe follow-*
ing excerpts'which are condensed from
communications to the'editor1 of a British mining publication.' The fact," attention to which'has often been direct.-'
ed in these' columns, emphasizes the
broad field of investigation that is yet
to be explored,by men of high scientific attainments and trained to close
observation of minute influenceswhich
many, it "is much to be feared, often
overlook or pass by as inconsequential.
When we learn that medicines diluted
to decimal millioneths have a physiological effect ou the human organism,
it becomes highly, important that we
know the,effect of minerals iii mine
gases under long-continued and constant respiration. The fact that some
suggest pollution of -atmospheres by
injecting what we havo been taught
to believe arc harmful gases when inhaled in certain percentages, one slowly, porhaps, but none the less certain,
ly, arrives at the conclusion that there
is yet a universe of knowledge to be
learned about mining.* Moreover, the
difficulties that surro.und such investigations and determinations are complicated when we reflect that there is
no such tiling as identical conditions
in any two mines, nor in any two seams
of coal.'1 It brings conclusion down,
therefore^ to the point that each mine
must be regarded as an entity, and that
it must be studied from its own conditions, and% that only general principles can be. applied to the attainment .of'certain knowledge of local
conditions.    , , '     ,
Henry Harrison, of Qak Vale, Denton's Green Lane, St .Helen's, Lancaster, writes:
It has now apparently become public
opinion that everything which mining
scientists have done to prevent mine
explosions have proved abortive,- and
their sole attention now seems to be
in providing means'of rescue. It is
a striking fact that these explosions occur at collieries with all the latest
improvements and a plentiful, if not
an enormous, ventilation. . How is it,
and what is the cause? *'
It'appears to'me that the fundamental principle in -investigating the cause
and prevention of mining explosions is
to go to' the root of the evil at once,
and exterminate the fire-damp or gas.
It seems n- paradoxical statement^ yet
the present system of ventilation, with
its great velocity and consequent, high
pressure, in preventing a present dan
ger fs creating a greater danger" for
the future.
By well-known ascertained laws it'
is proved that friction, or pressure,
increases as the square of the yeloc-"
ity; consequently, if the .velocity" of
air is doubled the pressure increases
four.fold, or if.the velocity is trebled
the pressure increases nine-fold. -Thus
it follows that If velocity of air is reduced to one-half the pressure would
be reduced to one-fourth, and so In
corresponding ratio.
It can readily be seen that the greater the velocity of the air the higher
tlio pressure will bo on tho face of the
coal seam and goaf, thus penning up
lho gns which is generated clay by clay
month by month and year by yonr, and
accumulating until it becomes an en-
orniousgnBometer. Avoiding fractions
for the' sako of simplicity, I assume
the barometer column of, mercury at 30
Inches in height represents tho atmospheric prossuro nt Jfi pounds to lho
square inch. It follows that a sudden fall of ono inch ln tho baromoter
.represents a reduction of sny, 70
pound.-, por bciuiii'o foot of pressure on
tho face of -tho coal, etc. It Is known
by experienced minors Hint when n
depression of the ntmosphoro' takes
plnco firo-dnmp belches rorth from tlio
mino. Tims It can readily bo porcolv-
nd Hint the depression 'Of the iilmoB-
pliore to the extent of, say, 70 pounds
per Rquarn foot, nnd especially with rt
rising thermometer must produco n
very dangerous (.lenient In a mlno alrondy (')iai'Koil to Its extremity with
I'trp-ilfinip. Tlio snmo dangerous con-'
dltlons. might iiIho bn produced by n
Hiiiidon winking of tho roof In tho goal',
Tills nudden emanation of fli'o.dmnp
'•ninlng In roiil.uct, undor certain conditions, with n Hnr.it}' lamp or u shot,
<>i<'„ coiiHtltiilPH tho gronl dniwpr thut
Iuih to lie contended with,
In nnarly all lho cnronoi's' InnueHls
which follow IliPsn dlf.iu.torH It Ih gnu.
ornlly Inferred tlmt (lio vontilntlon was
ton little. Another way of expressing
ll woulil be thnt the gn» wns too much;
nnd iinloaa tho gas Is nbmrnctort from
the mine tlieec disastrous explosions
will contlnuo.
Ar ono pnrt of flro-dnmp will romlor
14 parts of nlr exploitive, hy tnklng
nwn^ono'pnrt or flro-dnmp you rodi.ee
tho chnnco of nn oxploslon to ono-
fifteenth, To extract, tho «hb I would
Mh..!..?.' the 'epeed;1; cf the YwUUUsfi
fun or Wthur pow_«r until in*, velocity
of tho air wn* reduce* to ono-flftri,
Tho boat time to do this would bo at
the ond of tho wook—Ray, Sunday—
whon nil th* workmon nro out of tho
mlruv tiny for nm* hf-tir Tti.f w<wM
roduco the proRturo to ono-fourth. If
I taka tho Wator gauge of tho mlne'u
helng four Inches this would represent
n ventilating prossuro of, aay, 81
poundfl per squnro foot, conRoquontly
thli' would bo reduced to ono-fourth,
or RRy, to flvo poundfl. por square ,f oot.
or a reduction of, any. 1« pounds wr
ununro foot. This reduction would
nllow tho pont up gnu to omnnnto from
it* seereK.il place, nnd to be ftradually
exhausted by tlio ventilating current.
Ar n consequent rosult. Ih it not ap-
parent that' "large qnan titiea .-'■ of:- gas
would' be eliminated' from'.'the. mine?.
I would 'then'put'the ventilation.'"to
its normal' velocity,"anf'the"'only"requirement now necessaryj>ouid,' be'
a strict- and careful examination- by
the. several, firemen, such as is usual
before the next'shift of men'commence
ed work."     , ,' '' . •-   . .
I suggest that it should be put to a
practical test by procuring the latest
instrument for detecting the'smallest
percentage of gas:.-   ^   ...■ •'■_,-'  777
1.. By -taking; a daily, test for a
week of the, percentage of gas in the
".return"'air, course under normal conditions., _•,.-'
2. By taking a test of the percent,
age of gas.given off when-,the'ventilation, is reduced to one-half, or, if necessary, to one-third,
3.' By taking a daily test of the percentage of gas given off during the following'week,-when the ventilation is
restored."     '• - /
. A comparison1 of the results would
verify or condemn the accuracy of my
anticipations, ' The test can be made
without cost, and the general appllca-,
tion of the, scheme would pJso cost
nothing. ...'<■■
To this \V. M. Kirkpatrick, Larkhall,
answers:
Henry Harrison remarks "that everything" mining scientists- have done to
prevent" tho recurrence bf "appalling
mining explosions" "ha3 proved abortive," and he straightway proceeds to
suggest a cure., -I am'afraid that the
suggested "cure"'-is/a'"result of'fallacious reasoning on his part.
It seems'to me that he has not'distinguished • between-- the term "pressure"—atmospheric—which affects the
density of air only, and. that term "pres
[sure"—current—which is really only
the difference of the pressures—atmos.
pheric—as registered between tvjjo. {separate points. Men .who should know
better so frequently dTopinto this er-
or that the point should have special
attention. " Nor does your correspondent indicate -what kind of fan'—exhausting or compressing—would comply with the conditions he sets up,
which reflection gives "rise to the
thought that he has'not fully considered the matter at all..
Eor example, when a mine is ventilated 'by ah exhausting fan it would
not reduce, but increase, the density of
the air in the mine to slow such a fan
to an extent compatible with producing half of its original quantity,' This
the effect, the cause'being the vacuum,
again, the greater'.the "speed'of thV
fan the greater the yac_.um,_and'there-
fore the difference of .pressure,.which
is the water-gauge." jfy-v ^', ' \    '■'■•''
■ In the case of si forcing ffan the posk
tion, is entirely, reversed; the-a,ir- is
forced into the- mine' to find its, way
into the workings,-where.'it will,create
a pressure which will .be.._above .that1
of the' atmosphere; therefore any "sudden drop in,the speed of the fan would,
be a serious danger ih'a mine worked-
by a forcing, fan, as the ;-gas, .which is
held in its place by the. extra' pressure
induced by ,the ,fan, -would ,a't?once
exude on the speed being lowered! -7,
It behooves mining engineers 'and
colliery managers-when, as at the present, day, auxiliary fans are,being un.
de'rground, to think of the danger .that
a variation in the speed.of "a forcing
fan will entail.."'      .   ■   7   7y '
I would suggestrthat' io clear, the
goaves, etc., from gas, instead of sIoav-
ir.g down.the fan'it should be kept go-
ii g,' and at the week-ends, wheu the
inon .ire out of the pit/the down-cast
should be closed to the intake alias nearly." as possible: '' The .result
would be that a more uniform vacuum
would be formed throughout tlie mine,
allowing the gas to force'its way into
tho returns and travel slowly outby;
on the down-cast being again opened
to the atmosphere the' fresh air would
rush into tho mine and sweep away the
gas in the airways, and fill up goaf
spaces where .the pressure had been reduced.—The Coal and Coke Operator.
I
MERCHANTS DO YOU
. REMEMBER?
(From the Birmingham., ■ Ala,,' Labor
\ Advocate.)     •   ,'   -^
w"ouldlmveTiie*effect, for tliellinTbe-
ing, of pressing back into the goaf,
etc, any gases,seeking "an outlet—an
exactly opposite^ result to that anticipated ' by your _ , correspondent, , Of
course, the water-gauge-would fall, but
tlmt sems to be the ground on which
your correspondent has lost his' bearings,    " '. ' ' ';
A compressing fan could be-'manipu.
lctod to produce something like the
condition he suggests, 'or,' better still,
a fan "alternately compressing and de-
pi easing, but as thero Is nothing new
In the idea of applying those, and as
this aspect of tlie subject, at any rato,
does not seem to have suggested tho
idea that wns In your correspondent's
mind when he wrote, I need not discuss it further,
Thon comes R. R. ninir, assistant
gonoral mnnngor for tho Whitehaven
Colliery Company, who sayB:
While qui to-agreeing with Mr. Flur-
/.son that tlio proper courso to adopt
is to keep fire-damp from accumulating'In gonves, or, If possible, from bolng storod up in the coal, I differ from
him in his theories and method of attaining tho objoct In view. Mr, Harrison deduces a numbor ,of idons from
tho laws of ventilation, but draws
conclusions from thorn. Ilo suggests
that the fun Hliould, bo Blowod down
from one-half to' ono-tliird its speed
at the weekends, and nays that thin
would nllow tho gnH lo osonpo from tho
goavdfl mul conl. lie does not. toll
us whether tlio fun lio Iuih In view
Is an oxluuiHt or forcing one--if tlio for
mor, ho Is nntlroly wrong; If thn liutor
to some extent'right.'
I<<it us iiHiiuuie thut we linvo two
slinftu Hiinl. down below n cortnln hor!.
zontnl pliino, say nenr tbo soa level,
tbrflo HlinftH lining 000 foot deop: from
tho bottom of thorn a pnlr of lovol
hondliiRH nro drlvon, cutting it seam
which Is nloo level, tho two hondliiRs
bolng connected In tho eoal. Tnlilng
tho {.Inioflphorlu pressure as .10 IiicIioh
barometer on the Btirfnco, equal to
nbout in pounds por squnro Inch', duo
to tho wolftlit of nlr abovo tho onrth'R
surface,' then, with tho Increased depth
of the'atmospherical column, a barometer would roglnter 31 Inches nt both
shaft bottoma, thli bolng equal to W/,
ponndH on the mine surface, being ert-
tlroly due to tho liolght of tho nlr
Column, fit now followa from .tho
"above rcrl'acnir.fi;.Uat _i_.'"Hic"_.r.ft_."an'3
fonl Bfnm nre on the «««.(• level .h<«
proBsuro of tho ntmoiphoro on th«
rooks In this hypothetical mino will
bo equal nt nny point when both ahafti
nro opon to tho atmoRphoro.    Now lot
HR'plnne nn wfcnw.^t fan on thn mivf^nn
and couple It up to ono ot tb« iltafti,
waking that ihaft Into an up-caat, and
eauflo the fnn to revolvei what hap«
pens? The fan gradually creatoa'a
vacuum In the up-coRt, and thia In Ui
turn Is communicated to tho roadA and
conl j therefore, a partial vacuum la
created In the whole mln*. and It nat-
unrlly follow| that the hlgbor tho rate
of speed tho greater will beconw tho
vacuum nnd the tendency for tho gai
to exude from tho roavoh and coal. It
mui»» bo remembered that velocity li
Do   you   remember" back   several
years previous'to 1905,'years the miners' were organized, when they were
getting  paid .every   two  weeks,   the
years when tho ■ train known as the
"Mineral" used to pull into the L. &
.! N. station- with extra crowds of miners to do'their buying of the merchants
I of this city. ' Why, of course you re-
. member those Saturdays.   Those were
j good days for you, those were the days
I you made .money, more monej* than
j you have made since the smashing of
1 the miners' organizations."
J Who is ,to blame for the present
conditions? ' You are, Mr. Merchant;
you.are because you sided with the
coal operators in that strike, you sided
with'the very people who- are maintaining today co~mmissary. stores, wh ich
does not permit of the expenditure in
Birmingham of that boasted $50,000,000
annual pay roll. Abolish thoes stores
and the annual pay roll will be spent
amongst yuor merchants instead   of
illfi_Uuil£iLlt^QlBgJmi_tt.0LJ^&!^E^^
Me" department, You will admit that
the days when miners were.,Highly,,or.
ganized were the best days for"you, Mr-
Merchant.     , ,  '       -
■■What have you today. - Do. you
ever see a miner on thestreets? No;
so seldom that peoplo turn to look at
the big, brawny, coal marked fellow.
He does not come to town as of old.
His back Ib broken, but not his spirit,
and when theWest Virginia strike is
won, and when the endeavor is made
to organize District 20,' what are you,
Mr. Merchant,' going to do?
Will you again applaud a "children.-
ploying" Comer to cut down the tents
i of tho miners?     Tents sent hero by
i'tholr national headquarters, or will you
j stand quietly by and dp, nothing;  or
wll} you dare form, yoursolves Into a
• commlttoo to see that the miners get
j a square deal?    Remember tlie prosperous days of the "Mineral" train,
and romombor thnt hnppy, proBoprous,
well-paid organized labor menus n pros
porous,   happy,   busy   profit-making
biiHlncsH,    This is true, isn't it?
You had a sore
place, and had to
choose between
two remedies, one
ol which went to
the sore spot di-
rcct, and thc
other by a roundabout way, and
might never Ret there at all,
which would you preier ?
Wlinn you havo n cold, aiitliiiia, a
•ore client, catarrh, or ««y hu_h' tn.ialo,
yon cnn no'ctli bcawoon two romuillim—•
i't'1'i., wlili.li gototliB acne .pot, duvet,
ami ivity ot tlio ordinary cnngli nilxtui .*,
cmiKh tii'o|>i, nml ilou.n, wl.li.li gu--noL
to tlio hmgi nml liruuthinf) I'lHuingoN, but
to tlio (itomaoli| wliioli i* not nlliiijjt nt till.
Don't niin your itoiniic). In nn
at'einpt to lioal your thnm. ami lungi*,
I'd).. go direot to the tluo.\t and lunj."-
l'o|iu aru tiny Uhlbtiooutuliiiuifouriiiiii
nioiiioinnl InRrodlonti, which wli.u
placed upon the tongno inrni-dlnuily
tuin Into vnponr, andaiahroathod .lnuri
tho air pa««n|j»)» to tho lungs. Un tholr
jftiirmy, ilioy vontho tho inflamed and
trritnt«il niembranei of tha bronchial
tubaa, tha dolloats walla of the air prt_-
aaKoi, and finnlly enter and carry rolluf
•nd healing to tha eapiUariei and tiny
air laoiintna Iiinga, thin ending futbma,
edUrrh, brennhltii, eolila. ate.
In a word, wbila no liquid or aolld
can mi to th* lung* and air paiiagoi,
thaioP«p» fumaa gtt thara direct, and at
«aeaoo(a_n«u«« U**k *tu»S..yl L»-'L».
One*tnwt»y thim1 ym will never
im any other remedy but Papa for oolda,
eoughR, eore .throat. aatajTrk. tlgkinaw
aoi-oaa tb* Au%, "that nlga! Magh."
aad all breathing and lang troablei.
lUvayou triad thlafaaioaiMmadyt
If not «ut out thia artiole.
inu miom u\b» «ai«_* <u»i
dit« of tbla pamr, and aaall it
(with le. ttemp to pay return
pc#ta«e)to Pane Oo„T«wnto,
1 free trial paebat will tken
be eent yet. • ill dinggiata
and RtoreR aall Papa
at Ma. bub
•i..    (    7;    ■.a    , > '
6ll?I_.;:;
ffi-Dealer- iin.:
- _-. <.(,-■
Hardware. Stoves\& Ranges
7-  '   ,'-v>.' ,■: : ■■■   X's-y. s-7-.  ■■'.  •.:'.-7.  , --y^yy
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE .:/ •'..:^7 S' ^yS:,„. :'f'"-.y Alberta
R 0 ¥ AL
HOTEL
FERNIE
BR
Bar Unexcelled
;  All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
..    see us once
JOHN PODBIELANOIK. Prop.
TRY ..A,-:"LEDGER"- .WANT   ADVT.
il)ISMSESW7pi|
Fernls-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
'' ,     *
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
GLDB
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale, and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
.   Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
* i>
Hia;..Witoci buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
PERNIE, B, G:      Phone 34
>)   ♦HK_f'«W»<
Livery, Feed
tV'ri .
D
t and'Sale Stables
l       Firtt claaa Horaai for Bale.    ?
Buya Heraaa on Oommliloft
!
George Barton    Phone 78 ;
■.*»■'
THE PREMIER
FURNISHED ROOMS
Every eonvenlenet and comfort, Juat
ilka being at home.   Ona blook
from Post Office.   Cent^
all/ loeatad
, H. A. WILKES,  •   Proprietor
PELLAT AVE.    ...     PERNIE
Q   I positively "curt? tlireu-fonrths of
•all tho cases th'i.t-.uo absolutely in-i
Scumble, by nny niwUiodsother thanl
those I employ. 1 do not. erne whof|
has treated you ov how, limp or byf
.what means ho has treated"you,I
Btlie. probability is that 1. can cuj'fel
•yoii, and I will be ablo to speak j
S*d^t'init«ly, in the   matter when ll
know, tho delails of yonr ciu.c
Write.for Free Book    *
Ii' you can't cull ab my office?
|write for my book, which describes^ -
imy method,    AH letters' are givcnA,
^special attention.    \7 S
9
I
DR,KELLEY'S MUSEUM
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.
1
Latge^Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay p»
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In euch. a display of
Meats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Egga, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL     ,,
Calgary Cattle Go,
1 Phoni. 56
!0MI&«6^O>a»O«_i«»«W__M
*v
»»Af.;:.i,',:,i|f»_,,.tJ
A Flash of
Lightning:
la Jimt ai* likely to utrllto '
tlio Iiouho of tho wilnmirod
man na tlmt of lilu moro pru*'
Oont nolglibor.     No building
Ib immuno,
Better Have
Us Insure
you and Imvo a lightning
fllnunfl nt.tHOtied itn thn tinllov.
Th«n yon nnvniln't worry «v*ry
tlmo thore la a Uiundorstorm,
M, A. KASTNER
8ol© Agent for Fornle
ASSAYER
W.    W.    WinnOWHON,  Aeneyor an*.
Chamlat. nit a JIM, NelMn, a a
Chirgeit—-Opld. Illlver, Lead or Oonper,
II faeh, ^ pold-8llvar, or 8llv«r-I^ad
11.60. Prloee for other metalai Coal,
cement,. Kireolay analyana on tppliet*
_,0?j'_..T_?'J^r«,?J °«»K>m aiaay offloer
to nrltlah Oolurot.t«_
...
'  v •:•-.•   «i
H - {
9 J
**     Z
P>     'X
ff '   !
i
f»    - f
L
3 . m
'-<'.
/
.'llll
yi'fik,
V  *l_ll__M!_U__l4---_------H-----l__E y
wm
mm
i.
'•'   '}''.-' "•'_.■ •'-.■■■''" -C     7   ''
-       'Y_     ,*V', ""^   .. -   -"    -
i..'< ~.r"> '•  v." ' ■','    "     -    ', )-."'  '    ' .
.   ■. *." -(   '-    , ,' "...
■;.y^yX'~'XyyfX;XX<
THE DISTRICT: LEDGER, FEENIE,  B. C, NOVEMBER SO, 1912.
PAGE ELEVEN
ARE YOUR HANDS CHAPPED ?
7i ^-7._to^*-Wiill Our« Hiea.  7 :"
• ' r-   .i.-       . . -
The particular danger bf chapped
hands ■ and cold cracks ; (apart, altogether from the pain),isthat'the'colrt
■ Mb likely'to penetrate "and set up inflammation;, festering/.or blood-poison
Directly, the skin is .broken by a cut,
graze' or scratch, or chafed and cracked
by,the action,of the cold winds and
, water, the, one necessnry precaution is
to*apply Zam-Buk", freely.
.,'-.The pure,herbal juiceB from which'
Zam-Buk is prepared" are so perfectly
combined and refined that the immed-
7 late effect of, these Zam-Buk dressings
ts" Eoothirig, antiseptic,.' and healing.
Pain and   inflammation' aro  allayed,
''disease germs expelled from the wound
''or  sore,  an1  the  latter  is quickly
' healed;      7.-y' -y
y> Zam-Buk is not. only" a powerful
healer and akin purifier; it Is strongly
-antiseptic and germicidal, and so
forms'the ideal protection for the'skin
against disease germs. -
, It quickly heals cold cracks, chaps,
chilblains, cold sores, etc.
' Mrs. 0. M. Phoen, Neuchatel, Alta,
writes:—" I must tell you how pleased
, I am with Zam-Buk, My husband had
an old frostbite on-his foot for many
, years, and had tried almost eyery
known remedy without any effect, but
the ^ first' application of Zam-Buk
seemed to help him so much that he
persevered and the sore Is now cured.
We would" not be without Zam-Buk In
;., the house." .„
7 Zam-Buk Is also a sure cure tor
piles, eczema, ulcers, abscesses, scalp
sores, blood-poison, bad leg, eruptions,
-itc.. Its purely herbal" composition
makes it the ideal balm for babies and
young children. All druggists and
■tores.sell Zam-Buk 60c. box or-post
-tree from Zam-Buk Co.,'Toronto. Cor
price. T_ry also Zam-Buk Soap, SM.
tablet    - ■   " .   y   '
AustralianLaws
Parsed by' Labbr
j       •.'                N                                                  *   «_.                    •     ,1   i            •■'     ■ " ,
« —.'■    ■        i  .i     ii     ■ '■  ■_».
' ~" -i - -.   7s ' ^- ■■'      ' ;    ■'        -'-;- •"'
Thirty Important Acts tn Twenty
Years  ■■
By George A. Doraey, Ph. D., LL.D.,
In Chicago Tribune
KIND'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with' the  best "\Vines,
Liquors and-Cigars," 7-     , ,
DINING  ROOM   1_N  CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
MORTGAGE   SALE
-' Under, and by vlrture of tho powers-
coiunlncd in a certain Mortgage, which
W..I ho produced at' the time of sale,
these ' will ' bo,, offered ' by- sale
bv public auction on Monday, the 16th
day of December, 1912, at the hour of
11 o'clock in the forenoon, at the office
of Grafton and Bennett, 'Cox' Street,
Fernie,. B.C., by J. W.. Bennett, auctioneer, the following property, name-
Lot Number 2 In Block' Number 8,
Fornlc-Ticcordlng to a map or plan: deposited In the Land Registry Office in
the City of Nelson, and numbored_734.
,'•'Terms:. 10-per" cent of the-purchase
money to be paid down at the tlmo of
sale; balance to be paid within 30 days.
For1 further  particulars   and   conditions iof sale apply, to
I l>       Messrs LAWE3 & F1SHEI.7
Imperial Bank Buildings,.
Fernie, B. C.,
Dated this 7th day of November.' 1912.
SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING
RBQULATIONS   .
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion- of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased  for a torm  of  twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of tl an aoro.
[ot more than 2,560 aorea wll bo leased
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant In poraon to the
Agont or Sub-Agent of tho district in
which the rights applied for are situated. *
In surveyed torrltory the land must be
d6_.ortl.od by mictions, or logal sub-divisions of sootlons, and In uimurveyod
territory tho traot applied for shall bo
staked out by tho applicant himself.
Bach apllcation must bo accompanied
hy a fee ot IS which will be rofundod If
tho rights appllod for aro not avallablo,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on tho morohantnblo output of tho
mlno at the rato of five oonts por ton,
, . The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agont with sworn roturns
accounting for tlio full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty thereon, If the ooal mlnihflf
rights aro not bolng operatod, suoh
returns should bo furnished at loast
onao a yoar.
, The loase will inoludo the ooal mlalng
rights only, but tho lossoe may bo por-
mlttod to purohaso whatever avallablo
surfaco rights may be ,oonalderod no-
oessary for the working of tho mine
_ attho rate of 110.00 an acre, .. .
For full Information application
should be mado to the Beorolary of tho
Department of tha Interior. Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Bub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
... .W. W. fJory.
Doputy Minister or the Interim*.
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
'advertisement will not be said for.
Dr. O, PAU8ETT,
Dentist,
COLEMAN, Alberts,
Offloe In Cameron Blook
All Work Guaranteed
JOHN BARBER, D.D.8.. LD8„
DENTI8T
Offloel Hendsrson Blook, Pernio, B.C,
Hours: 8,30 to 1; 2 to 6,
Rosldonooi 21, Victoria Avenue,
ECKSTEIN A MaeNEIL
barristers 4 Solicitor^, Notarial, do,
*      Offices; Eckstein Building,
Pernte, B.C.
f, C, Law* Alox. li
LAWK A PI8HER'
ATTORNBY8
Pernle, B. C.
Fisher
-7-
L,
H,   PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Publlo, ste.
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
.   Boo samples (if Christmas ClreoUiig
Cards at tho fccditor Offlco.
SYDNEY, Australia.—During the
last twenty-four yearB a single Australian-union has handled over $2,000,000
funds. During this time it paid out tor
Btrike expenses, lawyer hire, and poli.
tical propaganda more than $1,000,000.
The secretary of this union estimates
that for every dollar contributed the
laborer received a direct gain of not
lea than $8 in hard caBh.
But labor maintains monetary returns ln the shape of Increased wages
have been perhaps not least, but certainly, not the greatest gain according
to the community by unionism.- Labor has deliberately compelled legislation, the combined effect of which, has
been to raise the day ^laborer to a
position which he bas in no other
country.   ' .   •
' I do not intend to examine industrial legislation in Australia, as much
just at present,, We are now concerned with the history, of the rise'of the
Labor party <to prominence? if not predominance in Australia politics. Therefore It'is not out of place to contrast
so-called democratic measures passed
by parliament prior and since the
advent bf the Labor Party.' For the
present it must suffice'to do this for
the single state bf> New .South Wales.
Early Democratic Legislation -
. Democratic legislation, prior to the
coming of. Labor into the field of politics—-that'is iip to 1890—was practically confined to two subjects: The extension of the franchise and the -extension of so-called undesirable immi.
grants.'- The electoral act of 1859 opened the franchise to manhood suffrage
and voting by ballot. There were four
additional acts: One act of importance
during the pre-labor epoch of 18G0 placed .slight' restrictions oil' aliens;1 one
of 1861 placed a poll tax of 550 on
each Chinaman and, allowed the entry
of only .one Chinese to every ten tons
burthen; ah- act" of 1880 further restricted Ch'lneee, and an. act of 1888
imppsedm,T)orrtax"or$500'on7alrCH__P
ese' permitted to land and restricted
ships to the carriage of only one Chinese passenger, to every 300 tons, and
further refused to all Chinese naturalization rights and the right to mine
without .the'permission of the minister
for mines.
There was a further so-called democratic act during this epoch—the public instruction act of 1880, wiilch abolished state aid to denominational
schools and established a system of
compulsory nnd partly free Becular education. Thus during the first thirty-
five yearB of, constitutional govern.
ment in New South Wales the masses
from thoir point of vlow at least, wero
hardly considered.,But even then Australia hnd become so onarr/ored of' the
"White Australia" Idea tlmt employers
of labor had but little general support
In their demand for clionp Chlneso
labor.
" Labor claims that in twenty years it
han put no lose than thirty democratic
measures on tho statute books. . These
nro summarized hy Mr. Black aB follows:
1, The conciliation nnd arbitration,
act of 1801. This measure was voluntary, Tho court could nol compel the
attowlivnco of tho partlos to a dispute,
for mnklng nn award, nor onforco a do»
clBlon,
2, Tho electoral act of 184)3, which
mado roeldcnco thc voter's sole qualification, and thus abolished plural vot<
ing, doctoral rights, and nn extension
of tho voting hours.
•1, Tho labor settlements net ot 1803
which provided for tho placing of tho
deserving unemployed In communal
sebtlomontB on crown land, whero thoy
wore provided with huts, food, clothing, soods, and Implements,
4, Tho lnnd tax nel of 1895, falling
on unimproved values nt tlio rato of
Id, por pound, with nn exemption up to
£240,
fi, Tho Incomo tax of 1805 of Oil, In
tha pound, with an oxamptlon up lo
£200,
0, Tho franchise act, Riving votos
to tlio pollco. '
7. Two mining nmondment acts,
which lowered, tho clmrgo for minors'
rights from 20 shillings por annum to
2s, Od, for six months, dating from tho
Issuo of tho rights, with tlio right to
mlno for minerals other than gold;
wv1i.rf._l tlm rout nf /./•Mipntlnn 1-tr.n.m
nnd imposed labor conditions . on''' nil
special loaaos granted to landowners
undor tho original not.
Regulation of Factories
8. A workshops and factories act
which i'mado registration Imperative:
provhlod for periodical Inspection, san-
(Uvtlon and vontilntlon, tho fencing of
dangerous machinery, nnd bolts: flxod
moal hours; provontod tho employ of
chljdron undor 13, and permitted lads
under 10 and womon to work 48 hours
a vscck tn factories and fifty-two hours
in shopn.
0, Cuul it.ii.w_ i..»ulutloii wl, whldt
makes managerial dally Inspection and
periodical government Inspection com-
pnlsory; Insists on tho nppo|ntmont
«f certified Inspectors, nrbltwAlon In
disputes, coroner's Inquiries on accidents, notices of t-lmndautuu-l, tliu
fencing of abandoned shafts, psymont
hy weight, appointment of check-
weighers hy men. Impulsion   to   the
working face of not less.-than' 100 feet
of air per minute for each man, boy
and horse id each mine; prohibits the
employment of women and boys under
14, and public house payments, also
single shaft mines. '     /
10. The selectors' relief act.
11. Reappraleement of special areas,
, 12.   The perpetual leasing act.
113.   The navigation amendment act
—so mutilated „by the council that its
main provision was, the reduction, of
pilot fees.
14. ,The elections amendment acts
of 1896, 1897 and 1898. ,"■ These reduced the period necessary tov qualify for
a transfer from one electorate to another, making the vote of the careful
elector practically continuous.
Exclusion of Other Races
15. The exclusion'of Inferior races.
This had to be arrived at by means
of an education test.
16., The navigation amendment act
of 1889, which abolished the marine
board, constituted a department of
navigation and courts of marine in.
quiry; made inspection compulsory,on
the order of the court; provided that
all seagoing steamers shall carry holders of a first or second class engineer's
certificate, and' that other steam driven
vessels shall.carry a certificated en-
gineerof the third class; also that all
seagoing vessels shall carry a certificated captain,and mate.
,, 17, The early closing act, which
provides the closing of all business
premises at 6 p.m. on four nights of
the week, at 1' p.m. on one day, and
at 10 p.m. on another day.
". 18. ■ The act to limit the attachment
of wages—the exemption being up to
$10 weekly. y
20. The truck act. This measure
put a stop to compulsory residence in
the dwellings of the employer, compulsory dealingoat the,employers' shop,
aud so on.
21: Coal lumpers baskets act. - This
limited - the capacity of the baskets
carried by the coal lumpers on their
backs so that no fewer than eleven
government works; (3) an eight hour
day for rallway-jnen; (4) a week's holiday annually to state's manuallabor-
ers as well ae to its clerical workers;
(5) trade union wages ,to all government employes; (6) preference to unionist on all government jobs; (7)
preference to unionists, all things b<_y
ing equal, under the arbitration act in
all employments, (8) the abolition of
the subletihg of government contracts;
(9) the establishment of a government
clothing factory."
WAR AND MINERS' WAGES
It would seem strange to most people to say that the present war between Turkey and the "Balkan States
would raise the wages of inany coai
miners in the United States, but that
Is the actual situation.. Not only have
Pennsylvania and other mining fields
felt the effect of the -war to a vary-
ing degree, but in sections the loss of
labor through the departure of workmen to fight the battles of their country against the Turks has been so serious as1 to impair the.operation of the
mines at their full capacity. In Colorado, wheer.the miners have been contending for higher wages, the effect
of the war has been sc to deplete the
number of the mine workers that even
when the mine owners had threatened to close down the mines before raising wages the raise has now been offered. -<,
The -National • Fuel Company" at
Boulder, Colo., has suffered a loss ot
fully twenty-five per cent by' the departure of Bulgarian and Greek strikebreakers for their- home countries to
participate in the war. So great bas
been the. proportion of workers lost
that the company must either have
mpre workers or surrender_. some of
their best contracts. In' consequence
all parties are talking of compromise
and the representatives of the miners
and operators will come together and
arrive at,an agreement. The county
commissioners will aid all they possibly can ia reaching a working agreement' b/tweem the operators and the
miners, because the strike has been
costing Boulder county a great amount
of money. Extra guards come high.
The commissioners have all confidence
that a compromise can _be reached under the circumstances.—Fuel.
CARNEGIE TAKES COMPASSION
ON  EX-PRESIDENTS
NEW YORK, Nov. 22.—Future ex-
Presidents of the United States will
receive a pension of $25,000 as a re.
suit of the action taken by the Carnegie corporation at the annual meeting of the organization held yesterday.
The grant ls made with the intention
of leaving former executives to devote
the knowledge that they received in
office to the good of the nation after
retirement.  ' *
CREAM
went to~ttie toiTof coal"
22. The .old age pensions act of
1900, which provides for the payment
of 10 shillings weekly to adults of 65
years, resident In the state for twenty
five years prior to application and not
possessed of property exceeding the
value of $1,500, or an income exceeding $200.
23. The miners' accident relief act
of 1900 which provides for allowances
in cases of disablement; gives widows
a funeral allowance of $60, and a weekly allowance of 8 shillings and half a
crown for each child under 14 years
bf age.
24. , The city council amending act,
which abolishes plural voting and gives
the lodger a vote,
2B. The wharves and docks resumption act. This measure placed all the
business wharves and watorsldo wharves of the city ln tho hands of tho
people, and also added to tho common,
possessions of a vast area of centrally
situated,'land,.
20, An act to amend the early closing act (1000) which mndo It applicable to nil country shopping districts
proclaimed by the governor, whero the
hours of closing on four' days shnll be
G o'clock, on ono day 10 o'clock, and
on anothor (Wednesday or Snturday)
1 o'clock,
'  Quarters for 8henrera
27, Tho shearers' accommodation
act of 1001, which made compulsory
tho erection on nil stations whero
shearers nnd filled hands aro hired, of
building for tholr uso which shall givo
240 cublo feot of air spaco to oach
sloopor, which shall provldo sopnrnto
cooking nnd dining apartments, with
separata apniimonts for Asiatics,
28, Tho minors' accident rollof a>
mondmont aot of 1001,
20, Tho Industrial arbitration net
of 1001, which provides for tho registration and Incorporation af Industrial
unions nnd lho making nnd enforcing
of Industrial agreements, Tho act
mado lllognl either strikes or lockouts
on tho pnrt of either employes or om.
ployors, who had entered into n col-
loctlvo agreement! gave preforotic© to
union labor, nil things lining enim!:
mado unionism compulsory on claimants and respondents; flnod up to
$r>,000 thoso who did not obny tho
ooUrt'B awards.
30,  iTho womon'* franchise act of
IIO? wh!«»h <»ft(ifi»iv»ril nn tho w<wi«y(
of Now South Wnles all the political
rights enjoyed hy men, savo thnt of
sitting In parliament,
"And thoso," says Mr, Black In his
"History of tho Now South Wales Labor Party," "these thirty demwrritlr.
measures woro passed Insldo of thlr-
toon years after tho tabor party bo-
camo an nctlvo political forco.
> Educating Parliament
"Those nro tho legislative deeds of
the Labor party; their othor doings are
scarcely leaa important, Tluiy havo
not only .educated parliament nnd Its
i_ucc.i_._ilv.. luiuleiH up lo an understanding of what ihe people* today do*,
mnnd but havo also exerted an Important Influence In lho govornmcntnl
mann_.on.ont of nil departments of
slate, as tho following Hat will ti>*Hf> ■'
(2) thc uuliatllutlou of xu._.-L
(!) establishment of a minimum
wage; (2) tho substitution of ri/iy for
ronlrarl labor ax far as pocalblf1 on
Pure—Wholesome—Reliable—
—7 -Inai^i^Bli——
Its fame is world-wide. Its superiority
unquestioned. Its use is a protection
against alum food. In buying baking
powder examine the label carefully
and be sure the powder is made from
cream of tartar. Other kinds do not
make the food healthful.
Christmas Excursions
to Europe commencing; Nov. 7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
Fernie-Montreal, return, 72.15
Fernie-Toronto, return, 67.15
Corresponding Low Rates to points in
Quebec, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces
FIRST CLASS SERVICE AND EQUIPMENT
J. S. Thompson, Agt.
P.O. Box 305.   Tel: 161
0R6£
W
SBB5
Su**
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.C
ALEXANDER LAIRD
o General Manager
LL.D., D.C.L., President
JOHN AIRD
Aa.t.tant General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
TOURISTS ______ TRAVELLERS
The Canadian Bank of Commerce, by reason of its large number of branches In
every Province of Canada, with direct representation in London, Eng., New York,
San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Ore., Mexico and St John's Nfld., with Agents and
Correspondents in every part of the world, is able to offer unsurpassed facilities to the
travelling public, enabling them to obtain money in the simplest way at any point on
their journey the world over. The Travellers' Cheques and Letters of Credit issued
- by this Bank overcome the annoying difficulties of obtaining funds abroad, especially
in places where identification is difficult,
Cheques and Drafts on all the countries of the world, drawn in sterling, francs,
marks, lire, kronen, etc., can be cashed or purchased at reasonable rates. &e
,,L. A. S. DACK,  Manager.  FERNIE  BRANCH
Campbell  Floral Company
CALGARY
EXPRESS  FREE, OflDERS  OF $5.00 AND  UPWARDS
Freshest Flowers and Choicest Ferns made into embellishments p.
rare beauty by our designing specialist, are supplied our patrons lu
a. perfect Btate of preservation with all ..despatch possible.    •
Every accessory for tbe lover bf good Flowers and Plants may be
had from our large greenhouses.
THE CAMPBELL FLORAL  COMPANY
'Phono
Night  Call.
224,  8th   AVENUE,  West,
1726
3915
CALGARY.
A Ledger Ad. Brings Results
Listen, Young Man!
Let Your Dear Old Mother see
Your Sweet Face Once Again
Photographsj aa Xmas Presents are becoming more
the fashion every year, and to meet the extra demand I expeot this1
year I have laid in a stook of the finest and most artistio Mountings to be prooured.  Several have been made to my own designs and
are exolusive; the prices very reasonable; the different finishes
ii
all artistio and as good, if not better, than is turned out by the
leading photographers in large Cities, I am specializing in Sepia
(or brown finishes.)
My Xmas Card Photos are espeoially nioe, also an exolusive
Stylej and wero made up to my own design by the leading Xmas Card
manufacturers in England.
I shall be pleased to reoeive a oall from you and submit
my samples for your inspection.
The Studio is open every evening until 9 o'olook and
photon taken by Electric l.ignit,, also open on Sundays.  Dull weather
makes no difference:
J. F. SPALDING
Photographer
Portrait and Commercial
FERNIE, B. C. 'fi\     ' <■
i
PAGE TWELVE
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, I LENIE,B. C, NOVEMBER SO. 1912,
&
Retrogression
-    It was Herbert Spencer who said
, that 'The human race never adopts
right methods until it has tried alL
other methods."
It will'take the best'thought of all
who have the best interest of that
great majority.of the human race, the
workers, at heart, to avoid a great
tactical mistake, ostensibly in the interest .of that class—the program of
the Syndicalists.
It is not to our best interests to
underestimate the' danger from that
source; true, it has not made any,
great progress amOng those who have
been able to secure comparatively
bearable conditions .through' the old
line of unions. . Cut as' "our friends,
the enemy," have so long asserted,
"these organizations only represent
2,000,000, approximately, of possibly
20,000,000 wage earners.
It is among the great mass of workers, skilled and unskilled, whose conditions, owing to the absence of any
organization, have reached below the
point of subsistence, that the propa-
ganada of tho Syndicalists finds its
ready response.
To fully understand the danger of1
the Syndicalists' program it is necessary that we study it, in all Its phases,
without any prejudice. ,
Their program is to make the present methods of producing the necessi.
ties,of life utterly unprofitable to the
present owners of the great industrial
plants by advising the workers to
, strike,' at any time, with or without
grievances. , Continue such strike, as
long as the workers can stand it, then
return lo work, ready to strike again,
•without warning and without special
demands. They also have a program
of continuance of these strikes, without actually discontinuing work. This
is what they call "Sabotage."
There has been much information
extended, as to what is meant by
"Sabotage." That we may realize the
danger of it it is necessary that we
also clear away all misconceptions regarding this program.      ' ,
A number of opponents to "Syndicalism" and all it stands for, even
among the workers, insist that "Sabotage" means violence, "direct action."
A. M. Simons, one of our best thinker's,
claims that word Is derived from "Sabot," ,.a' wooden shoe, and therefore
means to "put the boots to them."
That'is, physical violence.
Mr. Simons is mistaken.     The word
is derived from "Sabot," the' French
for a wooden shoe, but it is only so
applied to suggest awkwardness of
wooden shoes. ' in short, "Sabotage"
means awkwardness, inefficiency, and
it is by a program of inefficiency while
employed that the Syndicalists hope
to mako it possible for the present
owners of the industries to conduct
their business profitably."
And It is because the program of
the Syndicalists is dostructlvo of industry, advises inefficiency among the
workers, that it is in conflict with evolution and makes for retrogression.
. What would be the condition of the
workers by''the time they had made
the conducting of all industries impossible* because unprofitable? And
.that, not' by demanding more of the
value of the product for themselves,
but by destroying the efficiency necessary for the best results from the industries. . . .       '
By the time the present owners
would be ready to admit their defeat
the workers' would have to revert tp
savagery, to' cannibalism.
When tho feudal system supplanted
the ancient patriarchal, tribal government it encouraged agriculture by the
assurance that the overlord would
protect his serfs ' in harvesting the
crops they planted. True, he drew
heavily on the resources 'of the workers, but, inasmuch as this rule made
for greater production from the soil,
and the forts and castles soon became
tho nucleus of villages, towns and
cities, it was in line with evolution,
since it made for greater effiicency.
When, later, the merchant class, developed under the feudal system by
season of larger intercourse with peo.
;le in foreign lands, made possible by
wars ond alliances, found further expansion impossible under despotic
{.overnment, the necessity for which
had passed, they deposed the feudal
lords, set up a constltutionargovem-
ment, either by limited monarchies, or
republics. They abolishgd all the restrictions that hampered- business.
Made of their government a council
for the promotion and expansion, of
.business. In this business government
very little consideration has been
given to the workers; only.asvit became necessary, for the ruling class—
the merchant class—to use their government to hold them in subjection.
But the government by the trading
class is also in line with evolution.
Under this government industry has
developed; commerce has been stimulated; invention has been encouraged;
in short, the business of producing
and distributing the necessities and
the luxuries has been thoroughly organized. It also made for efficiency,
and efficiency is progress.
It is true tljat modern industry exploits , the workers more ruthlessly
than any preceding system. But modern .methods of production require
that the workers shall have some edu-.
cation. Hence the school system of
all industrial countries.
the value of unionism  to  themselves
are the highest and best workers.^ -'•__•
Syndicalism" js really an expression
of despair, it made its appearance in
France contemporaneously • with" the
"Apache," in England with "the .'.'Hoo-'
ligan."       '■'• ' ,'*     ~l ' -   .    v
In America it "is .readily ' accepted
among -the' horribly; exploited ' slaves
of the textile mills, the lumber camps,
the'steel mills,   'y -y
' It really amounts to' a tii'reat to destroy the civilization'the workers cannot share in.  - "
Its methods are destructive, because
of its program of inefficiency, and op-'
poses evolution.
And because it: is opposed tp evolution it can only fail.
But repressive measures cannot destroy it. Despair, caused by oppression, gave birth °to it. "   .. %
You may hang its leaders, imprison
its membership, or try to suppress it
by violence, as they did in San Diego
and elsewhere.
Such methods can only lend vlrll-
tiy. Terrible, needless oppression is
the cause, and the cause must be removed. " l
It is useless, worse .than useless to'
accuse .the mob being,hobos, riff-raff
and degenerates. Look to yourselves
when your workers in great numbers
are without' a stake in your civilization. " 1
Recognition of the right of the
workers to demand their just share of
the good things made possible by their
efficiency will forever destroy the incentive for the program of "Sabotage"
and other destructive methods.—Mine
Workers' Journal.
will
An 'educated   working    class
work out its own salvation.
Unionism is one expression of the
educated- working class, of its intention to share in the better things
made possible by the wonderful development in the means of production
and distribution.
Unions, such as the "mine workors," advocate and teach greater efficiency in the performance of our
work. In spite of everything our de.
tractors may say to 'the contrary, we
know,1 and they know, that men who
are Intelligent enough   to   recognize
VALUE OF YOUR
PURCHASING POWER
It Is Keenly Appreciated by Others—H
Do You Use it to Your Own Best
Advantage?.. How Yoii May Do So.
The value of the purchasing power
of the masses is thoroughly appreciated by the retail merchants ot the country; but more especially by those of
the large cities. For proof of this we
have- but to look at the advertising
pages; of _ the' daily papers or the advertising, sections of the popular magazines. ' -The large department and
other stores in every city in the" country spend thousands, and in some
cases, .hundreds of thousands, of dol-
larse' each, year trying to influence
the trade of the public. While a. few
o___Jh_es_e_s_tores__may__,depend_.upon-the,
partonage of the very wealthy or fairly well-to-do, about nine-tenths of their
business is covered by their dealings
with those dof. the wage-earning class.
Then thero are • concerns vending
specialties iii general use whose advertising appropriations for the year
run well up In the hundreds of thousands, and in one case, at least, such
appropriation has touched the million-
dollar mark' for one year. These vast
outlays by large mercantile concerns
are certainly justified by returns or
the shrewd business men making them
would not continue to do so.'
Fancy ^Worsted Suits/; R^
fecial for ChristmasV-^ $ 1:2*50
•A
O     .   }
All Wopl Sweater Coats. TSpecial for Christmas 'Sy
- -Xs'^soiio'ie.so
V .
Men's Fancy Shirts. Reg!L50 to 1.75,
Stetson Hats. Reg. 5.50, -       -
special 1.66
Special 4.00
Ladies1 Misses' and Boys' Boots and Shoes
at reduced prices ;
■ /
y
\\7
).<
Just received carload Pure Food Canned Goods; ;W
Five Roses Flour always oh hand.
Vegetables a. Specialty
Gorgonzola, Canadian Cheddar,, Imported Swiss, Cream Brick, Ingersoll's Cream,; McLaren's
'   . Pimento, McLaren's Cream and other well known cheese        ' •■       :
.^
Bellevue
T.M.Burneti
Hillcrest
a
1
■"'.-iSl
Two United- States; Government
documents of recent issue show in
figures the enormous importance of
the purchasing power of trade union-
:-uva7uiiu=iilvii ~1_. lull do~t.0=1*1-6^131 VA Clluui<a:
of the country. Oiie, a bulletin put
out by the Department of Commerce
and Labor, state's that the value of the
annual output of American factories
reaches a total 'of, $20,000,000,000, having^ doubled : in'teh years; the other,
a bulletin published by the Census
Bureau, says that' the manufacturing
industries of the United States employ as wage earners 0,615,446 persons
—the number of wage earners having
Increased 40.00 per cent since 1899.
Now, the membership of.the American' Federation of Labor (approximately 2,225,000) Ib a trifle more than
SPECIAL HOLIDAY HAMPERS
In compliance with tho domantTof our patrons in the choice of Liquid Holiday Cheor wo aro again putting up
Special Holiday. Cases containing six select assortments of High Grade Goods in plain packages for
shipment or home delivery. Ordors for Xmas eve delivery must be in tho ovening of tho 22nd inst. Ordors ftp
JNow Year delivery will bo accepted up to tho night of Doc. 29. All ordors filled in rotation as recoived. so file
yours oarly.     • .,
Hamper No. 1. Price $3.00
(Woight 30 lbs.)
1 A. Jt. V. Sherry
1. Santorno N & J
1 Marsolla Wino
1 St, Aubin Claret
1 Blackborry Wino
1 Old Port
« Bottlos
Hamper No. 2.. Price $4.00
(Woight 30 lbs.)
1 Jules Coadan Cognac    1 St. Aubin Claret
1 A. Ii. V. Sherry 1 Scotch Whiskey
Special llosorvo
1 Rye Whiskoy Canadian 1 Old Port
fl Bottles
one-third of the total number of
wage earners'. As the organized
worker is the better paid .wage earner,
their purchasing power'is' in greater,
■proporwion^LO^the^tOtttl^Sales^than-^is
their numerical strength to the total
number of-wage earners. Then, if we
add to tlie trade union members those
who sympathize and would co-operate
with them, we have a still greater proportion of the purchasing public upon
whom trade unionists could depend for
support. That is they could look for
support if theyv would indicate the
manner in which this great body
could glvo tftem aid. Here we have a
potential purchasing power equal to at
least two-thirds of the total output of
the factories and shops of tlie country)
What do you think would be the effect of a persistent and consistent de
mand on the part of the would-be purchaser for Union Label product?   Do
you not-think the merchant who could-
i -
n't supply the demand would soon find
m€ans-to-d6-sO'or-el&B*gbiout-o£»busi'-
ness? The pressure of the retailer'on
the jobber and wholesaler, the jobber
and wholesaler on the manufacturer,
would soon result ln more union factories and sliops ,wlth better wages,
better, conldtlons and shorter hours.
' Here is an argument that all trade-
unionists will do well to consider.
By concentrating their purchasing
power on tho products of union labor
exclusively,,tbey can strengthen their
organization in a way to bring them
tlie help of forces at present antagonistic. - '
When you find the retail merchants
enormous
of the country spending
sums every day in an effort to induce
people to patronize" their'establishments and your .'common sense tells,
you it pays them to.do" so, do'you not,
Tealize~what,_a"*vaiuable~asBet~a""coiP™'
scious, "purposed use of your purchasing power would be. to organized. la-.
oor?     When you  further find that
by co-operating with all societies and
associations interested, in the_,improve-
ment of'industrial conditions through,
the abolition bf the sweatshop, the
unsanitary  factory^   tenement' house
and child labor, and by demonstrating,
to such societies that each of these
evils has its antidote.in the union
label. Demand the Label ceverywhere.
Label Bulletin.''
Order your Christmas Cards at once
—Grand selection at Ledger Office.'
/
'9
dF Qmsftums G@@dl$
Hamper No. 3. Price $6.00
(Weight f>0 lbs.)
2 Uyo Whiskey Canadian :. Old Port
2 Clarot ■ 2 Blackberry Wine
1 Jules Coadan Brandy    1 Old Mellow Scotch
1 Sherry A. U.V. Whiskey
12 Bottlos
Hamper No. 4. Price $8.00
(Woight 30 lbs.)
1 Oporto Morgan Bros,   1 Sherry A. H. V.
1 Loch Broom Spc. Uoh. 1 iltognior Brandy XXX *
1 Uyo Canadian Whisk'y 1 Jamaica Kim.
0 Bottles
Hamper No. 5. Price $10.00
(WoightSO lbs.)
1   * t . tit Cf     i   i c\'n        v      t<.
i   _Uw ii-i.iuji ..._.wt.w4j ___. i/ui(.intali iv>c
"Wlii-iliuy
I Old Port Wino JIN. Co. 1 Tom Gin Groonloss
1 Florin's Marsolla Wino  T Sherry A. K.V.
1 St. Julio.) Clarot 1 Brandy LeGrand
1 Sauterne N & J
1 Jamaica Kum L. 0.'      1 Blackborry Wine
12 Bottlos
Hamper No. 6. Price $12.00  .
, (Woight 50 lbs.)
Pints Champagno 1 Corby Whiskey
Canadian Rye Whisk'y 1 Janmica HumLD.
Sloe Gin (ir_.cnlc.s_.      1 Gonzalez Sherry
Oporto, Morgan Bro*. t Kognior Cognac
TIT fl        /-, *        <» I >-r»^
Ot VA>, 4   OltUtAM'nti j\  ot «)
Whiskoy     1 St, Aubin Clarot
French
12 BottloH
i.\>.-_. I
Prices F.O.B. Fornio.     Cash must accompany all ordors.      Special Attention
to Gut-of-Town Ordors.        Prices on Special Hampers glvon on Application
Pollock Wine Co. Ltd., Fernie, B.C.
EADY for your inspection.    Frankly speaking, I fool it looks largo for a town tho size of Colo-
•'man, but my only remedy Is to sell at so small a profit ao to compoll my frlonds to buy largely.   I cannot describe such a stock ln so aratttl a Ftpaco, but will just drop a few hints.
Gem and Signet Rings in JO, 14 and 18K Gold, from $1.00 up.    You can Itave a real Dla.
mond Ring from $9.00. 7 '
Watclios to Chooso from ln Solid Gold, Gold-filled und Nlcklo Canon, from $1.00 up to tho
finest movemont sold.
U/ftriAi./o_llw>w a°m aolcJ Loclcot ,n Diamond mounts, filled Fobs and Dickons' Chains, Brooches
o^(BWOIiy (Mild gold and gold filled), liar Pins,' Studs, Emblem Pins, Diamond ,Cufr Buttons,
Tie Pins, nnd so many articles tbat lt Is impossible to mon.ion all,
Rodger*' 1841 Quality neodB no .ocommondutlon, ami thoso uro tho goods I
8011,    Tho stock needs only to bo soon,    Tho prlcos tho lowest,
Tho ruBh started Just wltcn displayed.    Thoro still remain somo Jardinieres,
Toa sots, VqsoB, Smoker sots, MlrrorB, Trays, Plcturo Frames, otc.
Itap/fMY^p Aw»(V (H/ni/rtiJin 'rM* '■ Bomot,,lnB no# ,n tho WoBt, [ would simply soy: _\II ladlos,
UWiry ^ITlt VU1(Q)©5I1S pioaso call and Inspect; to soo Is to bo charmod; ovory lady of tasto
will want Homo nrtlolo In tho art good lino. '     •
P Jl ^fftflBfl.'- D^0H,, CnB0 »ot8' Manlcuro sotB, ILon.luir BnuB, Mosh BagH, Christ-
Iwinilt © mas Cards, Fancy China Cups, Hand-painted China Trays, Cako
Plates—Oh I Just pioaso cnl! nnd soo'tho stock; variety and prlcos will dollght nnd astonish you.
«o GaiM<grf@m_
Jewellar&.Eye Spesklnsft. Colemaum,, Alto.
Shooting Season Starts Sept. 2
ARE
YOU
READY
Como in and *:eo our lino of
Guns, Riflea, Ammunition.
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware! Furniture
30 WINCHESTER \
'.MOKflU',',
V—'r~>
mm
j
fc«_»i?**,«*«***(M_*5fe|^'Pa«* vf+iPfJ&ji r*   ^"jiHwi&i >,y™ ^ f' •£»»;«7 \*\"f
«■■"—     # t*ft(U^»   ■*    ' "•(?■
'"" '""tf:L; 7
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE; B. C, NOVEMBER 30,1912,
PAGE'THIRTEEN
y.-
_r '■■'
'■.:' \
*<
Oft
Wdn&utier
is-y
'By:C. M. O'Brien," M.P.P. 77,     discharging them'in case they,make a
• *> ■ '■■•-—Ly.        ";"-■.:"'.  y- "report' not satisfactory to the manage-
..".
my. y
i*s:.:'.
»••■'
V"
v >'■
.. 1;
7.   I have'just returned from. Vancou-
\Yer Island, where a number^of'mine'
' 7'.workers;are on'STRIKE—solt is "ex-.
.pressed! -Marx __as-taught;us-that just
yfiia we do iot judge a' man. by-what he
:says, of ^himself, ineither, shoiilfl -we
",._, judge, social conditioris\by :the7 way
•.\7theyare expressed."^ Tliere ls already'
• ^.considerable' evidence* (that the trouble
, 7\ on Van<_ouye^i$a_i_l-_s. a ,lock-out. •';
.,_JiV.;. Under .the yule   of   Capital wage
-'-Slaves do not produce wealth for their
7" own usejoo\ enjoyment, but^fortbe^pro-
>rllt arid*glory -of 'the'capitalist class.-
"There are times wten It pays to.limit
_ •■ the "output of an industry, and* it also
, pays to put theblame "on others, than
V-i those 'who are guilty." The represen-
«.tatlves .of Capital encroach upon the
".- dignity of tne=alaves, that Is, they, re-
•,'duce the slaves portion—wages. The
, slaves v resent by g;olng on strike, and
', they are blamed for indutsrial stagna-
,' tlon. In this, as with most strikes of
.late, the Blaveshaye done everything
• :in their power (even to sacrifice some
. * of- the privileges they formerly had) to
" . avoid a strike, the represeatatives of
. r" the3 mine owners, however,, stubbornly
■> /persisted.    The Conservative ;,Goyern-
7ment • refused to .try to-get a- settle-
/meht .?■•'"• -y. ■ * '. \y\ ''.'y;
iAocording to tihe law, if a slave finds
; gasSand'does not report it, hie [is'com-*
\7n_ittlng a. criminal'Offense as rwell as
.:.>i,a,. moral - offence .against himself'and
-^iiis fellow, slaves.
■ 'fi- -
merit?"'. 7-;, '" - 7"'-7--1 • , ■ '-;
7 "(Signed by, the Union officials)". >
'Note in. the reply'how the Honorable
,"Sir" evades tlje qu&rtionty ■ ■ v.-'
.. "Have carefully perused your letter,
of'the 21st Instant"and fail, to find
grounds warranting am enquiry, under
the Coal Mines Regulation Act,"
' ', (Signed)'-"Minister of Alines."
- He-also, refers them ..to crtain sections in the.act, which have.as much
bearing on the-' question as the books
of Mathew, Mark, Luke and John.
The government was building a waggon: road,: surveyed through-the ■ new
towns, populated by the. slaves at Nol
7 arid,8 mines', near Cumberland, now
tliat these slaves are on strike (!) the
government have changed their, survey. These towns will be closed towns
with private roads to the King's highway.
; Since I have been a member of'the
Alberta Legislative Assembly-I .'have
tried to get several important amendments, to the Coal Mines Act,'but each-
time they were voted down by Liberals
, •. \i
and Conservatives and Indepehdants.
JFinally.I.Ayas successful In getting the
government-to appoint a commission
to prepare a new Coal Mines Act,v
which I expect will be, submitted'at the
next'session. At- tlie last, session'J
Introduced a resolution bfcenBure on
the rgoyernment '.for., the'. horrible daar,
gerous condition of the Alberta min^sr
._, Some .time,before this",strike,a com-1 Pa^ioularly.censuring the government.
.,., . u mittee'Of'slaves'reported   that- theyl*or not prosecuting-those} responsible
WIS °'" --. !'found- cas at. or near w.hern a. number for 31. deaths' In "the Bellevue. disaster.
I quoted statistics, from the 1910 Blue
foumJ-gaB at. or near whero a number
y\6t slaves had been killed in a gas'ex-
7.7t
1^' -,"
I v y    -
y ^plosion: One of this committee- riotl-
' -v.f led .theTMines Department of the gov.
'"'.wnmerit The following.quotation,is
.. apart of the reply, it is -alBO an\ack-
, nowledgement of the correctness "of
7 4he committee's findings: '
. Cl j ■ i    . S   '     ' .   •        ,   > ^ ■ f
'• "I beg to say that those, places -will
•" vbe attended pt at once; as t nave' been
'' -• out to see the ©laces you refer tov_n.v-
■-."•Vaeif. " v-' ■'•'•-'   .;''-'   '''.',;
- '/   (Signed) "Acting Chief'Inspector of
• Klines.", ■      ""       '.    .'■'.'■'•. '"-,-
• ■ , For daring to take such interest' lri
;.7the enforcement of the law regarding
y. the Bafety of his;6wn life-arid that of
- '7' jbls fellow slaves, he was discharged.
y,i Rather than get his union, into trouble
'', -trying to. get himre-liiBtated, he'went
y away, about!one hundred mlles,;_o "uj>
^4_othe_unine,-where4je'appl{ed-for--wo"l_r
_.   but ori hearing his name tHe-y refused
to employ hini. Then the union took
- up his case. When every.attempt-to
deal with the management failed, they
wrote to the Hon. The First Minister,
who Is also Minister of Mines, and asked the following question:
"Sir, the information.that.we.desire
from you is this: .When men are appointed' or elected aa n gas committee
jit any mine in this province, and do
their duty under the law, what protec;
, tlon does the law offer them? Does It
prevent the employer or Ids agents
-from discriminating ngalnst them, or
Book, -compiled^by, the Mines Departl
ment, at Otta'wa;-'-to\'show ''that from
1905 .to 1910) .inclusive,' Alberto,had
killed and.injured: seriously and slight;
ly more men. and'boys, per thousand
employed, in the mines than any other
part of the EngUsh-apeakirig world.
During-this long period of time that
the" .members; of the .'government, and
particularly \ the Mines'" Department,
were', familiar •' witljic'"Hihese facts, I
proved,'; by Teaming'.'from their files,
letters" and.teiegraine,^sent by the
miners'' unions Helling' of 7 open violations of the Coal Mines Act, and pleading that sb-rie^steDOe taken to protect, the lives of themen and boys. "
. About the only, record;,to Bhow any
effort on th'e;part of the7.govemmentto
remedy these, conditions was when urg-,
resolution, for'iheyjare _the^1 political
expression of the C. ;P., R.V'VHb are
heavily interestedTiri coal mines." A
^few^ weeks laterjthe Conservatives met
in convention1 at; Calgai:y7i'.; They 'jlld
mot censure their representatives' for
refusing to supiport'a' resolution~'-ag-
ainst the government for'the danger
ous condition of the Alberta mines, hut
true to.the vulgar character of those
who profess one .thing while "practis.
Ing another, they incorporated in their
platform something to-the effect tihat
they believed '.In', mo're'?Wety,+aptpli-
ances for the mines. ^ No doubt such
bait, coarse' as it is, wilk catch some
suckers. , IlLinformed slaves .'are usually very skeptical regarding every
statement ■ coming trom.-. the. political
party of tlieir own class, but long experience at swallowing,' coarse, ■ vulgar
bait from capitalist politicians has der
veloped a wonderful gull'abiiity.'' . -
.' For about ten years the Socialists, in
the.B, C.vLegislative Assembly have
been constantly "agitating the government for bettor conditions and more
protection forf the slaves. , They in-
troduced many important amendments
and were successful in having some of
these incorporated in the Mines Act
The Socialists. said the act was far
from being what they desired, yet it
was one of tlie .best mines act they,
knew of. When the Chief Inspector
of Mines cancelled the certificate of
a njjne manager who discharged' a
slave, because, he .reported gas," the
slaves did not suspect that this, with
other such sets,. was so muoh bait to
catch suckers. But when the election took place the Chief "Inspector, of
Mine's,was a candidate, and was elect-
•ed-<m a master class ticket.'- His successor," .the new Chief t Inspector of
Mines,'' returned' the certificate, and
thatsmine manager is now„taking the
plaoe.of one of the striking slaves,
." It.would take volumes to tell'of all
the coarse bait that slaves have swallowed at election times, and yet there
are • as easy suckers as >'. ever. was
caught. But they areindtso numerous, thanks to the1 Socialist-" propaganda; the 'slaves are' learning to view
things as they are and not as they appear.
IN CRAZY LAND
M*by^HFminere'TinIqnTtirey~prosecut«'
ed a- mining-company for, killing a boy
under ageHa the mine; for which the
company/was -fined .twenty dollars.
, In the face of. these facts, and many
more tliat I produced that'space will
not permit being enumerated here,
Liberals, 'Conservatives,' and Indepen-
danti stuck as one, man against the
resolution. I.stood alone on,the floor
of that, assembly in. Bupport.of my
resolution to censure tho government
for allowing .such wholesale slaughter
of mlno slaves. His Majesty's "Loyal
Opposition" (moat loyal)—the'.Conservatives—did not dare support such a
.Have you ever been-^o Crazy Land?
down ori the Lopriey Pike. There, are
the' queerest people tliere—you never
saw the like! The ones that-do the
useful w„ork are poor,as poor can be
and those who dono useful work all.
live Iri luxury. - They raise so much in
Crazy Landi of food and clothes and
such, that those who work don't have
enough becaiisethey raise too much.
:   The children "slave in Crazy.Land
\to satisfy■, the'' greed of plunder sharks
who only, live to loaf around and feed.
They work young girls in Crazy Land
upon starvation pay, and'they brand
them "whenv .through want, the victims go astray, ■ ' ;
' They outrage working women and
they starve the working .men, and if
they steal a loaf of bread.they land
them in the pen.7 They breed disease
in Crazy Land—there's microbes every
where, in poison food, polluted earth,
and foul and fotid air. Half the babies die there filled with Tserms from
filth and swill—-and the preachers
down ln Crazy^fyand proclaim it Is
Just in!   A full; stock of Choice New Raisins, Currants,
Nuts; Peel^fetc.    The very best that could be procured.
A Few Specials
Victoria Cross Raisins 16 oz. pkg., 2 for 25, 9 for $1,00
"    Currants 16'"      " " lo, 8 "    1.00
Pansy Seedless Raisins 12' " ..  "     2 " 25, 9 "    1.00
Peels, Orange and Lemon -        - pei\lb. .20
Peels, Orange, Lemon and Citron'mixed       per lb. .25
Apples, Choice Washington Stock      .
3Vinesaps, Rome Beauties, Pippins etc.,   per box 1.85
Five Roses Flour       -       -  .    -     per 100 lbs. 3.65
Give us a trial order.    Satisfaction guaranteed or money
refunded..   Free delivery Blairmore and Hillcrest.
A. I. BLAIS
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
'.'God's Will." For everything in>.Crazy
Land thajt ought to be abhorred—the
crimes thaA men commit themselves—
are laid upon the "Lord"; and the
only "God" in Cra_;y .Land is the crazy
"Goa""of"G6rd^hT-cfazy, - way t__ey"
worship this is crazy to behold! They
have big wars an Crazy Land,' make
every crazy law, and run the crazy
circumstance with club and fang and
claw. And if a sane man cries'againet
their crazy, ways and ^deeds, „the crazy
priests"and preachers yell. "He's bust-
in' up our creeds!" , ' , , < •
. Just take a trip. to, Crazy Land,
down on Looney Pike—they are the
queerest people there—you never saw
the ' like; they're wrong-side-top ln
Crazy Lnnd, they'er upside down with
care—'thoy walk around upon their
heads and feet up In,the air—Itlp-Saw.
-   '■   .' 77*  -
S 4V >■
_ .'t ., ■>
on
Is:x'a Cktmk oj^ It
DISGRACE OF BEING
A DAMNED SOCIALIST
Until then, with the earth's natural
resources and its industrial forces owned .by a few individuals, the masses
must toil and suffer and need, in order
tliat the few may live ln' idleness. ea_!
In Fernie Annex we have
the following:
Lot cost $135 mibIi, besides labor; prico $110
ciish, or $125 on timo. „
2 Lots, assessed $325, will hoII tho two for $265
cash, or $300 on timo,
Lot cleared nnd foncod, splendidly located, $100.
' Also linvo houses to sell or rent.
Passburg, Alta,
, Frn.no building on Main Street   nnd   two Io.n.
Prico low.
I. > '
Daysland. Alta.
' Qtinror Section, ploughnblo nil ovor, splondid supply of wntor} soil rich.    A ronl hnrgnin.
Cowley, Alta,
220 acres, 7 mile* north of station; fonccd; 200
war* p.uutfiiuij-u, _ri._t_.ot_i an ncro.
Dorr, B.C,
Quarter mile from station; all bottom land, no
swamp; deep, rich soil; stumps 25 to the acre; clearing easy.    Price $75 nn acre. '
Fruitland Acreage
Unimprovod or bonring orchards in tho Creston
nnd Burton City districts.
Isle of Pines, Cuba,
Ten ncro tract, clonrod, with five-room Dwelling
nnd outhouses, $1,200, on exceptionally catty terms;
% mile from oldost American town on Island, and
less than two miles from harbor, "Wc hnvo a client
who is desirous of mooting two, threo or four other
• parties1 interested in tho Ifilo of Piucs'with a view
of purchasing a Inrgo tract which ho has llio option
of at remarkably easy terms and ehoap.
J.n addition to tho foregoing wo hnvo
Subdivision in Estevan,
Port Alberni,
Sask.,
B.C.
and in
_4___
GRAFTON & BENNETT
T "l
Eckstein Building, Fernie,B.C.
Agents for Several Old Established Fire Insurance Cos., (Board)
By Will Thomas Wilhrow .     .
I. happened in the lobby of the "leading hotel",in a Missouri town.
A convention of one of the numerous small plute organizations was
in progress in the town and the delegates were guests of the hotel, as I
also was. '    . -    "
They sat about the "lobby talking,
and the discussion turned on politics.' " '
The merits of the several plute candidates and tholr parties were being
hotly attacked and defended, and as
the tide of battle ebbed and flowed,
the honors seemed to bo about even. .
< I remained a .silent listener till my
opinion was asked, and whon I gave
it the effect was as if a bomb had
boon suddenly exploded In tho cehtro
of.tiio hotel.lobby, . ,■ .,
And yet my answer was innocent
enough. It certainly did, not seem
to-me'to be sufficiently "radical" to
Justify tho result that followed. I
merely asked if any of the gontlomon'
present could tell mo Just how much'
more cf his product any workingman
would get under the administration
of either Taft, Rooeevelt i?r Wilson,
and WHY?
There was a moment of profound
and nstonisliod silence. Then a big-
bellied, pojvoyod, Republican roared
out: "Why, you're a damned Social-
lit!" and Indignantly stalked out of
tho room to soothe his outragod feelings at tho hotel bar.
Ono by one, tlio rest rose nnd fol-
lowod him, and loft mo to boar alono
tho disgrace of being "a damned Social
latl"
Aftor tlmt nono of thorn snoko to
mo or notlcod mo in nny wny oxcopt
by malovolont lookB cast covertly In
my direction wlionovor T apponrod. I
was nn outcast, coiiHldornil unfit for
uHBOdntlon with my follow men.
Hut I rocnlloil to mind tho (Hhkhioo
of Wondoll PliHIlpa, Wllllnm I.loy.l
Clnnlflon and honU of othor soldiers
of llio common aooil, and tlielr mom.
ory fortified mo to omluro the blow,
8o I wont serenely on my wny
tolling to onfror crowds of poor pooplo who gntliorod In court liousoi,
country school Iioiihob nml on tho
8tr«o.n nightly to honr mo tbo good
nowH that the earth belong* to all the
people and that they hold In their
handa the legal power to take poi*
a«__.on of il and enjoy all the bene*
ffta of pomulon whenever they will
to de ee.
For SoclnllHm ia tlio pooplo gov*
omlng thomsolvoa politically, working
tor ..u_i.iittftv.ift lnduwritUly, »nd tunning every publlo question by a genulnft
exproMlon of tho will of a ronl majority of tho pooplo without coercion or Intimidation of any sort.
To put ft In another way: Social-
t»m la «ppJ|fld dwm«v.riifty- thn actnn.1
practice si opposed to thl moro thoory
—of nntr.gnvnrnrnont, .
All tlto pooplo need le llio right aort
or political machinery with which to
Kovorn thomwlvea and lb* knowl*d*«
of how to uso It
Oho .how tha. and th*? can and
will makft Dili. «.r.h n ptirnrffir* nt
peaco, plenty and bapplneaa for til.
cape suffering and roll in -unearned
riches.
, As for the old parties (including
Roosevelt, or tho ."progressive" party,
as you prefer) two,things are very
clear: First, neither of them propose
any remedy for poverty since they do
not propose to stop the exploitation
of labor for] profit. Second, if either
of them did propose to end the exploitation of labor—to accomplish which
they would havo to end tho capitalist
system'and socialize all industry—they
could not do so, because their master*,
the capitalist class, who boss their con.
vontlons, Wrlto their platforms, name
their.candidates, furnish; their campaign funds and control their administrations, would not let them.
Democracyir-governmont of, by and
for the working olaSB—tbo majority—
can bo achlovod only through a party
composed of tho working class, controlled by tho working class, financed
upon tho working class principle thnt
tlio earth belongs to all tlio peoplo
and thnt ench man's product belongs
to himself, and' tho Socialist Party
alono Is built nccordingto those specifications.
AiuthuiR. Turnhull'(Oem.)'
Should Turnbuli appeal to the Circuit Court, which seems certain, the
act will operate as a stay in tho cxe-,.
iUtio_n_oLjtli_e^cour-t!s-order-and—Turn-=
bull will continue to hold his position
until a final decision is given.,
80CIALI8T MAYOR 18
8ENTENCEDTO JAIL
MTTI.R FALLS, N. Y, Nov. 23,—
Charged with violating tho city ordinance In nddr_.BRli.ff a crowd of strikers
threo weeks ago, Mayor Ooorgo Lunn,
of flchonoctndy. a floclnllst, was sentenced In tho recorder's court horo today to GO dnys In Jail and fined $f>0.
Lunn rofiiHOd to pny tho flno and
will begin serving Ills sontonco this
nftornoon. -
STRIKE-BREAKERS DID
NOT GO TO WORK .
Bridge Gang Brought to Edmonton
Were Persuaded Not to Work
EDMONTON, Nov. - 22.—Twenty-Bix
strikebreakers who" had been brought
hero by the Canadian Bridge •' company from Montreal to contlnuo work
on the Canadian Pacific high level
bridge across the Saskatchewan river,
went down to work this morning, then
refused tp take up their tools and get
busy. At the bridge they were mot
by representatives of tho Structural
Iron Workers Union and tho sldo of
the strikers was oxplalned to thorn.
At the requost of tlio superintendent,'
Cnptaln Robinson and Sergeant Wright
of tho city pollco, took a squad,of men
lo the brldgo to prevent trouble, but
thoro was no need for tho pollco, as
tlie Monlrenl men decided the strikers,
wero right and would not go to work.'
80CIALI8T8 ANXIOU8 POR PEACE
80CIAU8T8 HELD
DIG CONVENTION
HAS!.!., Switzerland, Nov. 21.—-Tho
opon'lng HOHHlon of tho RodtilJHt Intor-
national coiiki'uhh which lu being held
hero lu opposition to war was attend-
_ul to day by f>00 ilologatoH roprosont-
Ing all nntlonH, Thirty thousand por-
koiih joined in a pnrndo through the
streeth to tho cathedra), whoro nd-
droHSOA woro de|lv..r<H| In various ton.
gtios, Kour platforms woro <*roctad
autMldo and Mpcnkars harangued the
groat crowd* who woro unnblo to find
room within.
Junifit, K, fiurdiu, tHJuiuinti und independent labor member of the Ilrltiah
hou«<» of commons, Francis Do Pros-
sciiso, ox-Bodallflt deputy In tho chamber, and Pblo IkIoros, loader of tho So-
wrii.ftti, at. ttariiKOHii, were among Uki
speakers.
BASEL, Swlt., Nov. 2r..~Tho Socialists of America and Europo woro called on by a manifesto Indited to day by
tho International Socialist Congrosa
to resist any moaunros for war takon
by tholr governments, Tho declaration was drawn' up by Joan Jnquofl,
tho loader of tho French Socialists.
Tlio document says that If tho
Balknn wnr should spread to othor
countries, it would bo a frightful
blow to civilization. It would bo
ono of thn KronteHt Rcandals In history bo'causo of tho disproportion bo.
twoon tho Immensity of tho catas-
troiilio and tho imlmporlanro of In-
tcroutH on whlcli It would bo bnved.
Tlm tlmo has panned when th«
worltlliK cliiBHOH of tho world should
Hlior.t down ono nnoth.ii' for thn profit
of Uio capitalists, the pride of dynns-
tIoh or tha nxlncnclos of Hocret treat-
Ioh, If the government HiipproHoos
tho possibility of evolution forro tho
responsibility for whnt happons will
ro»t on tho shoulders of thn governments,
Tlm c'Odki'obb piiHsnd a resolution to
hold anti-war meetings In tho big
i.hum ui i.uiu.H.   on  ilK-coniDisr   aix*
ICIIllJj,
80CIALIDT DECLARED
ELECTED MAVOW
Court Civet Office to Man Who Won
by Tvw Vot«»
VOUNa8TOH'.V, U„ Nov. 28,—Judgo
W. P. Itarnum of tfio Court of Common l»I«*« hnndml down n dorlilon todny declaring ihnt Hnrry R. flchllllnjr
f_lorlalI»t) la tl<'Cted Mayor of Can-
fort.
Kchllllng won by two vote* over
PSALM "23," MODERN VERSION ,
The polltlrlnn In mv xbopbord T
nlmll nol want for anything during
any campaign. He londosth me Into
tho iwloon for my voto'* aako. Ho
filletli my pocket wllh good clgara;
my fup of iieor runnoth ovor. TI* In-
qtilroth concerning my family, even
Into the fourth g_-nt<ration. Yea*,
thotigli T walk through tho mud and
iiu* rnlu to viH.i for him, and ihout
myself hoarso when ho I* elected, yot
straightway he fortieth mo.'Xlthough
1 meet him In hla own houso ho know-
eth me not. Buroly, tho wool has boon
pulkd over mlno cyea all the daya of
ur; tlfo (.ud I »Uiill UwvU In the houM
of a chump forever. W7
B
wy
P-7 '
117  *;
*     f
J * • :
Ir _
in
. »
if..
if ?
I _*
It'
I" I-
..,uK*t8EasS&?
■ ?
-yy.-n*.
-f      ''
PAGS FOURTEEN
7 7-K;>/.7v_:
THE DISTRICT LEDGEB,: FERMi^B. C^OTO^B 30J1912!
'" J, V'
'-,.   I.
- 'yyi-j-1' ~
The Profit of the Mines
If the cold season had begun early
and.the weather severe, the people of
, thlB country would be facing a down,
right calamity. There is now a shortage of hard coal in the city as well
as all over the country, and the coal
dealer can nowhere make prompt deliveries. We have the biggest and
richest coal fields on the face of the
- earth, and upon the strength of them,'
our magnates Issued more'securities
than any other nation would permit
them to do. As a result of these securities we have an absolute insecurity in the supply of the nation's most
necessary fuel.
For weeks and weeks the mine workers' leaders dickered this spring with
tho representatives of the coal magnates. Finally the workers were grant-
ed an increase of 5 per cent in wages.
And the coal "owners" take It out of
tho public which has to pay 2f> cents
per ton more for hard coal. Throughout the negotiations the production of
hard coal was stopped.
At present, in (the face of a veritable
coal famine, coal mining is at a standstill in ,the fields of West Virginia. The
miners rebelled against a fearful system of exploitation. They are exploited as workers, for their pay is
fixed quite arbitarily, and they are at
the mercy of the mine owners' officials, who guess the amount of slate
contained in a car of coal mined by the
workers. The men must buy at the
company store what they need in- mining material and thereby an extra tribute is exacted from them. The mln.
era live ln shacks owned tby the coal
company and they ar« compelled to
purchase everything they need from
their masters at exorbitant prices.' The
loss of life and limb in the American
mining industry is entirely out of proportion as compared with European
countries where the governments are
not so completely under the thumb of
the capitalist class.* Coal is more easily mined in pur country, yet in spite
of this fact, the cost in human lives is
far greater with us than in any other
land. In view of these oft-told facts,'
It is useless to pity the public, whioh
is to bear the financial burden of our
industrial struggles. For the public
gets every time what it deserves. . It
deserves paying 25 cents more a ton
for hard coal especially when it only
clamors against this 25 cents raise.
It ought to demand a reduction- of
$5.00 per ton"in the price of coal. The
time to "holler" was when the mine
owners capitalized their holdings, and
when the securities they issued became the objeot proper, instead of a
means toward an end, nemely, to Improve and increase the production of
hard coal.       "    ' v
If our nation had. a moral conviotion
It should have demanded that our fuel
should not become the objeot of speculation in order to carry out usury with
the whole nation as the victim.
However, Tom, Dick and Harry
thought: "Oh, well, some day I my.'
self will be lucky, and you bevt I'll
make the most of my opportunity.".
For this imaginary opportunity the
public gave away not only the coal
mines, but everything else in sight
The public permitted an immense privately owned debt to accumulate, upon
which it not only readily-paid the-interest; but to which "it virtually." gave
legal recognition.' The.people living
in the land of the free not only gave
away nearly all it possessed, but readily shouldered a burden which went
under the significant name of 'securities." As a-result the economic insecurity of the nation has become a
downright object of. pity, for economic
insecurity begets (political insecurity.
Economic power has always resulted
in political power. The day may come
when our nation, living In the richest
land on the earth; will not be able to
keep its homes warmed.
No one can blame the local dealers:
They make all they can get as a matter of course, but they. get.only what
the coal,owners will let them get. But
what does this amount to .'when com.
pared with the billions paid in, dividends and"melons" to the operators
and transportation companies? While
we "holler" we might as well 'holler"
for the whole object instead of for a
fraction, of it!,
Get the mines and the railroads and
the nation will have the best of fuel
at a low' price. For coal will then
be produced for use and not in order
to, bring dividends and "melons" for
a few absent patriots for whom America is only good, enough to make
money in, but not to live in.
Private ownership of the means of
production and distribution is the root
of all ills our nation is suffering from.
Only the Socialist dares to proclaim
this fact and offer the remedy.
"Let the nation own the trusts, else
the trusts will own the nation."—Chicago World. . ,' "
- 7-4,
LONDON'S NEW LABOR DAILY
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the working-man's trade
| G. A. CLAIR .•.; Proprietor
Pianoforte Tuition
. Pupils prepared for Academic Examination
at reasonable terms
MisTMrHrWilliams; C.~ATB.
FERNIE, B.C.
Box 531
blairmore:, alta.
Care cif W. P. Williams
A correspondent writing to the United Mine Workers', Journal has this to
say on London's new daily labor paper: -'
"We now turn to another very important'advance that has been entered
upon by the Labor Party of Great
Britain, and that is a new daily labor
paper. Tlike the name of it (Daily
Citizen), an up-to-date paper in every
respect and at the small price of one
half-penny (one cent). I will Just
give a few details of its' starting.
There has been £70,000 forthcoming
and another £100,000 by the various
trade unions of the country whose'
various societies have their representatives, to fill the places upon'the paper's board of directors, and all matters of policy will be decided by them
and they will lay down the lines upon
which the editorial conduct of the pa-,
per will be based'," Mr. Frank Dilnot,
the-editor,-working inu-lose'touciTwi.lf
them. The editorial columns.Will thus
reflect the collective policy" of the la-"
bor movement.
'Now, Frank Dilnot, the editor, son
of  parents  in  very : humble  circum-
: stances..'haying passed tty;ongh" the'experiences ofavson of 7toil,\ "feeling
many a; time In his youth" the ..hitter,
pangs vof_ need, but full .'of/British
pli\ck|,has determined to'makei a mark
for himself, and'after.many discou^
aging"experiences he reached'his.ambition, .and ^that is to be a journalist.
Today he ."is 7a journalist with, about
sixteen 'years'' practical experience of
the press on the central news'agency
likewise on. the; London,.Daily^Mail,
which he served for twelve years;'and
from 1907 he served,as parliamentary
sketch" writer. _ "So today Mr. Frank
Dilnot,. the poor, peasant boy,, has taken chargejof 'one-gf the greatest labor
papers .that haVbeen Issued to the in-
dus'triai^orldyand the Dally Citizen
has been Bent''forth ,as an\ educator
and publisher of labor's needs and requirements in every particular, Godspeed its officers and may the, worker
arise and give it their loyal support
and encouragement. Tliere was a demand for about 240,000 extra copies
bf the first day's publication and over
400,000 were printed for the first publication. Another idea has been start;
ed in a^ large mining village ln Yorkshire; 'several miners' locals have
agreed to pay for 300 copies of the
Hnily Citizen and the first 300 work-
men who go to seek It get a copy free.
There are scores awaiting their free
copies every morning. Well' it's a
novel way in influencing certain weak
and indifferent minded persons, but
the spirit of the promoters of such a
scheme is worthy of praise."
,- (How about the locals in District 18
trying such -a plan for the District
Ledger.—A brilliant idea!—Ed.)
All WdgmWor'ker^
.-.\   ■■■/■    A.'
CENERAL STRIKE TO STOP, WAR
Syndicalists Would  Prevent Supplies
_    Being Forwarded to Army,and
Navy in Case of War
LONDON, Nov. 29—Tom Mann, who.
served time^ in'^ jail for a' speech he
made some time ago .advising soldiers
not to' obey orders when it came down
to shooting strikers, made a sensational speech at a syndicalist meeting'
in London last night; He moved a resolution denouncing international wars
as calamitous to working men, and
said the only war 'which would merit
their attention was a .class war. A
resolution affirmed'that |f Great Britain entered into any war the 'working
men would resort* to a general strike
to prevent supplies from being forwarded to the navy and army. This*
resolution'was/carried by acclamation
amid • „ tremendous , applause. ' Mr.
Mann in advancing the'resolution said
he was prepared to act as a rebel, in
,the^tent__of_wa_L_andT.was_prepared-to'
invite, others to rebellion and mutiny.
Call today and select your Greeting
Cards'for Christmas. You will like
our sa'mpkB.     Ledger, Office.       y
\ Every craftsman's ; common: "sense
fells'him he ought tobelongjto the
union, of, his trade. ., His-duty to "Ms
family,-to his fellow workers" aad to
himself demands tliis. He knows that
as an. individual .worker he is powerless to Improve his working conditions
and has, perhaps,';;made up his mind
to some time join the union. He ought
to'-realize that he,can not afford' to
neglect this important duty;';that*
every day's delay helps to .place him
and his" fellow workers in a more dan-
'gerouB position, and that unless he aids
in putting a stop .to the tendency" he Is
responsible for his own and his, fellow
workers' degradation. , IV ' "
The non-union worker may argue
that he intends to work for whom he
pleases, for what he pleases and as
many hours a day as he pleases. But
he knowa that he has to ask the employer for the opportunity, to work,
take what the employer chooses to pay
and work as many hours a day as the
employer requires.    ,7'
Only through the united action and
collective bargaining, ■ of organized
labor has it been possible to .shorten
the. workday, raise the wages and in'
many ways improve conditions for" the
workers. Only by these means have
the toilers of the land been able to suc:
cessfully resist reduction in- pay of
extensions of hours; to ,make. them-"
selves   respected;   to   secure   better;
homes,, ber'ter clothes; better food'and
more' 'comforts for ' themselves and
their families- to make the shop a.bet-
ter, place to work in; Jto- secure some
measitre^of protection', in their labor,
and in many ether way'^ to raise-the
standards.'of jiving and citizenship for
working people. "■'>.V. '„       -   ^ v ,
'Organized labor has established .the
principal that men and women have as
much" right' to eay whatj wages they
will accept and how man-hours a day
they will work,,as employers have to
raise prices on. their products whenever
the prices on their products whenever
they see fit.. In their efforts in this
direction they all.work together and
reach- their, end by 'Icollective bargaining," or: what is the same thing—united action.. The only successful way
to cope with them is to use the same
method®, and this can be done through
thorough organisation in „the whole industrial field.
It cannot be too forcibly stated or
repeated too often that the only way
in which a non-union worker can help
.himself is by-joining, with others, of
his .craft .in a common effort to help
all. .By becoming'a member bf the
union of his trad© he' combines the
whole force of that union with his for
his own; advantages and that of all the
other members; and,' in addition,, he
enlists the •sympathy, and support of all
the other unions;in his, behalf.  , The
Best Commercial House
-.. X'"y"y tin ihe.Pass
, .'■ Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdressing Parlor;
,,. ■"  :.' - ■" '>
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter ;
Ben Wallace  -   Mgr.
• ,i
- .1
fight of one Ib the fight of all, and'
when all stand together victory.ln almost every case ie assuord.    By re_
malning out of the union tbo worker
not only stands, alone, but he has the
whole power of the'union necessarily
against him instead of with him, as it
would be if he were a member. ■_ By,
all means; non-union worker,, get at'
once, into the union you'{unentitled;/
to enter and help .to swell Its'power for"
6-<od for yourself and.everybody else^'
—r.R. P. P., In Vancouver World.-   ■ '7
\ •"    i,
k   *
/ *■
18,   U. M. W. of A.
•V."
. To Secretaries District 18, U. M. W. of A.:—   V'.
■ -. Greeting:—, - .' - - .   .   ."' v i
I beg-to advise ybu that the Executive Board
' arranged, that the Neutral Scrutineers should,-take
charge of the ■ election at different Locals accord
ing to the following list':     ' .-  ..-      y,-    'y.X1.
.  »;' y  Sub-District No/1 ''■>*";
..Fernie appointed to,Michel!,    ./ ' y 7''7.7 -y
Michel appointed to Corbin.' - -    *'?X-  :   '
1   -Corbin appointed to Hosmer. 7. 5' - . . ■• -7_',', y
Hosmer appointed,to Fernie. '     ,"    "''".'.}.'■ '7
'-.   V Sub-District No. 2% 7."
,. Carbondale appointed to Blairmore. ', 7;"7 I 'I
r Blairmore appointed to "Coleman?.'
' » •
Coleman', appointed to Carbondale.
Hillcrest appointed to"Bellevue.'
Frank appointed to Hillcrest. ' ,  .
Bellevue appointed -to Frank,   '
"Maple Leaf appointed to Burmis.
y^Burmis to'Passburg;'--     . -• v  -*    ,' '    ■'   -'■"'''
;   Passburg' appointed ,to' Maple - Leaf.  '
Beaver Creek no'exchange.
- \ 'S'" .7. ' ■• -'/Sub-pistrictlTo. 3.   "
• Royal Collieries appointed' to: Chinook.       .    \ ''
' Chinook ^ Mines appointed to -> Diamond City,   v !
.  Diamond City; appointed to Royal Collieries., O
. Lethbridge appointed to. Kipp. . ,   .
"'^Kipp appointed "to, Lethbridge.. ■ „- " '    ; S\
. Taber 102 appointed^to Taber. 11959.' '    7     '■ ,"'
. !Taber 1959'appointed to, Taber 102.   ._ ,  "'
■ y77>;Vr7    ', Sub-District No. 4>- '-.'','"<
77Bankhead appointedi, to. Canmore!" ;'• ' ' ..7.
■S Canmore' appointed' tb Bankhead.    -      '■-'.."
r_7lThe_:app_omtees7arelk__i
rarigenients to be^ready to take over'"their duties \
by 9 '9y<jlock morning of the date of election.
•.   '-■ - \:l •■ Tours, fraternally,'
7, '. r  y      A..J..CARTER,
'"   , *  h Secretary-Treasurer..
• V-
' ><
IS DIFFERENT
{NOT "JUST AS GOOD" BUT BETTER)
Surprises
Everybody
Tho Best Dealers Handle ROBIN HOOD.
FLOUR.    If your dealer does not, write
us and wo will tell you how to get It.
Try Robin Hood Flour
at our risk
Q. .-a'
Um.At!lON «JHM*Lf« IIWOMKIt <*
IV»T7[«»m u.«,i w. ul *_F.A.'i.ri.n
llOI»INMOIH>MlU.«i,l.lM»TK)»
THIS GMAIWtEEJN. £VEPY   SACK
.iflWUi!!!^
G^>iiP3Mi?/'o
For Salo at Trltoa-Wood Company, Ltd.
•   iW.J**--."..**** ""•*■»■ -y. Mfsi&pfK-
,-\. ■ .\Vi<Q-
7 ■/>*"%-?^~i"--•■=•.■'
,-y',r7v|-.^-.;-
N   "-   ■■•■ -3_.&'v
v •■.' •-
,7VVV.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B, C., NOVEMBER 30,1912.
PAGE FIFTEEN
■^ri;^
My
Original
I and|;
Bewareof^
Imitations.
Sold on the
"Merits.of
Minard's
"r    y >        ai
Liniment
Passburg
You're always welcome here
Clean RoomSj Best of
Food' and every
,.... attention s.
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Ppofe^ional Mid-Wife
.'•When in;Spokane  >ea7Dr. Mary
Swartz, Specialist in Female.Troubles.
Expert conflhe'ment " cases;';,'good
hdme.for patients.'-", 7-^7 :'v7" -' 7,
','.' ''j°-'-..';^.-a*"*.,.'*'!''"u--ny y yy--'
7. ;>pi.' Mary Swartz;. £., ^
Galena Blk.7Room 5, Post.and River-
. •',--    . side, .Spokane, -WasK: - .     'V
ThejHbter
DALLAS
One of the
Best
For out MQveign Brothers
Slavonian
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
, .Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH- AT . HOSMER,   B.C.
Liquor   Habit  Cured
In Three Days,
\ -.        , \ ■ ■
No   Hypondermic   Injections,
No Injurious and After.Effects:
THE HEAL "INSTITUTE
.Mrs.
Box 325.
EDITH „ BfeNT,. Manager.     ,
Cranbrook, B.C.'
Phone .273
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
,,A reliable French regulator; never faiia, These
pills nre exceedingly powerful liv regulating: the
generative portion of tlie femnle .yetem'.,, Kefuso
nil clienp Imitations. Dr. de Vaii'e nre sold nt
IB n box, or three (or 110. Mulled to nny ntltl ress.
t\M Sooboll Drue Co,, St. Cstliarlnui, Ont,
Southern
H OT E Li
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
convenience
and
attention
DEGENERACIJA .:PROLETARIATA
V kapitalistiSni drui.br jo pafc" tako,
da imajo vladni falctbrji; lo'kadar pride
na vpsto kaka YaSnejsa - zadteva za
tzobljganje obupnega delavskega polo-"
?aia, tedaj pa ni ne'easa. ge'manj pa
denarja, dasi je; "_.iv_jen_e sirMb. nuis
ii-i.va?,nej_.e, l.er'ravisi blaginja^vsej-a
naroda od sJlvijenja fiirsih Ijudskili
mas.   ', _■".  y.
V 5asu, ko se je z uporabb tehnike
proizvajalni proces na AngleSkem zelo
spremenil in se je. s kapitalizirarijem
male obrti zviSalo Stevilo degeneracfji
.usojenega proletariate.,* je angleSko
meSCaivstvo dobllo v osebi duhovnika
Walthusa svojega' apostola, ,Waltbusu
so je zdelo.'da na zemlji ne more bitt
prostora za vse in da proizvajanje i_iv.
ljenskih sredstev zaostuja za naraS-
Canjem CloveStva. All v teku kratke
dobe ?-e ni mogel veS izhajatl moderni
kapitallzem s_ argumentacijami' te na.
videzirb znanstvene iznajdbe. -. Sedaj
stoji KapltallstlCna druiba pred dru-
gim,,ravno nasprotnim vpraSanjem.
Nazadovanje porodov-je problem, s
katerlm se-v zadnjem 66asu - naj_.iva-
linejse pe5ajo vsi listi in revije. Dog-
nano je, da se v vseh kulturnih drZa-
vah zn._iuje stevilo prodov. In me-
SCanskb na'cionalistiZni ekonomistt
kriCCijo o nevaraosti, preteci dra_.av.u__
in narodom, da se znizanje, porodov ne
ustavi. -
Brez dvoma je to uprasanje velikega
pomena., Nazadovanje porodov- ute-
gri'e dmetigloboke posledice-ziyazvoj
gospodars tva ' in - narodov. . Pravimo
tudi narodov,- ker vemo, da spada pre^
sejSen kos narodnili problemov v so-
cialno vprasarije. ^ •
, Na Francoskem, kjer je ze veliko let
oparZati silno nazadovanje stevila pre-
bivalstva, trpi vsled tegapojava ne le
narod,' ki Be 'takorekoC decimira,' tern-
ve5 tudd poljedelstvo, kar, je nemale-
ga ipomena za -.iijensko in socialno
vptfaSanje delavstva. To pojave-je
opaZati tudi" v drugih .drzavah, v
Avijtciji na Nemgkem • in Angleskem.
Strokovnjak dr. Haini.sh je na^ te po-
jave opozbril zfe leta 1909. Vazno bi
bilote pojave^pnlmerjati ze naira_i5_i_i-
jem draginje y' zadnjih, letih; _najti
bi bilo .morda tedaj gla-vni' vzrok temu
Stevilnemu nazadovanju prebjvalstva.
Gori omenjeni '• znanstvenik pravi:
"nazadovanje- porodov je progressiva
po vsem k'ulturnem svetu." 7 Res je
tudi, da so narodi, ki stoje na viiljl
kulturni' stopnji ; nianje rodovitni.
Bebel je v svojl knjigil."Zena in so:
cializem"- znanstveno dokazal, da se
ticno zoper katerosibpdi 'kblikortoliko
moderno socialno'reformat in. '• proti
vsakemii predlogii~ stavijenemu v. prid
delavskih-interesoy,/' V'javnem. fctv-
ljenju so vedno in^povsod zoper delay-
ske zahteye, \Vedo, zakaj." Pred ysem,
imajo pred ofimi branitey svojih' raz-
rednih privilegijev. - Njib, patriotizgp
In dj-ugi izgovori-so le ia2, gpekula-bija
in. farizejstvo,- • Le'razrednb delavstvo izvrsuje delo in-b}jy9i-boje, ki je kor-
istno narodom -in skulturi boj. Za-
man. Zmaga delavstva nad izkoniS-
ianjem in ubdjstvi'kapitalizma-in nac-
ionalizma je neizogibna in nepreprecl-
jiva.    . "'-•>,,
fi       ,, ' 	
Italian
EMIGRAZIONE  E
SOCIALIST  PARTY
■ Se nol appartenesstmo a quella cate.
goria di emigrahtl cbe parte dall'Italia
al, priucipio di primavera per ritor-
nare sul fine dell'au ,tunno nessuno
avrebbe preso la briga di trattare
quest'argomento.'.
i Vale la'peua di discutere quando
sitrova fra la maggloraiiza degliemi-i
graniti, di coloro che yivono col corpo
in America e ia testa in Italia.
Si puo', considerate I'.emigiiizione ehe
ai versa, negli, Stati, Uniti come emi~-
grazion temporanea? No! L'emigran-
te che si reca in questi paesi e gia' in-
Muato; ha gia un piano preparaito; ha'
•Ia,fer ma come il soldatQ. alia minima
Meals that" tasto lileo
niotliov used to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Qrafton» proprietor. \
GOLEMAN
Liquor Go.
liolosalo Dealers in"
Wines
Liquors        <
Cigars ,.
Mail Orders rece. ve
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
..•J. NAME 8EC, ind P. 0, ADDRE88
2(1 Ilnnltliortd  R Whoatloy, Dohkhoftd, AUa. „
,481 ntnver Crook.,.,,. D. Komp, Boavor Crook, via Plnckor,   >
131 llollovuo,.,, Jamoa Durko, Box 30, Dollovuo. Altn,
;lCa    Llulituuio ,,  W. L, iliVUUM, iiliiO, AIM. i
0.0 r.iirmlti   X X>crl>;^liJ|-</( ZJurujii, All«.
=3227 Carbondalo  3. Mitchell, Carbondalo, Coloman, Alto.
1887 Canmoro N. D. Thachuh, Canmow, Alta.
S098 Coleman W, Graham, Coleman, AUa.
:3877 Corbln  J. Jonos, Corbln, B.C.
U£t» CUiuuok Miuto* ,.,, J, D_.iaou., Cnkuook M.u*:*, AiU,
,1178 Diamond City Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lotbbrfdw,
8314 , Ferule •  Thoa, Uphill, Fernio, D. C,
,1863 Frank ,,Kvnn Morgan, Prank, Alta.
1407, Hosmer W. Balden tono, Honmer, D, C.
1058 Hillorost ,..,,  George D amborough, Hillorost, AUa
574 lethbridge  I* Moore,    17.11, Slsth Avonuo, North Lflthbrldgo,
(189 I<othbrldge Colllerlea Frank Da rlngham.ieo., via., Klpp, Alta.
•^82^ Mnplo Lnnf llolwrt Tny 1or, Mnpln T.onf, noll«yit«t, Altn.
1384 Michel  M. Burrell, Michel, B. 0.
!» J13B2 Paaaburg ;', K. Zuakor, Paaaburg, Alto,
•IB8D Royal Vlow (lee. Jordan, Uoyol Colllorlos, Lothbridgo, Alta.
* 1069 Taber  A. PattHraon. Tabor, AUa.
102 Tabor  Wm P^anh, Taber, AUa,
* *
ravno v gospodarsko slabo situiranih
drZavah    in"   socialno' niisje stojeCih
ljudstov y pa2a° najvedjo rodovitriost.
No mogoCe torej. pojav gtevilnega
nazodavnja- kulturn.li v narodov   reSiti
enostavnb.,    Seveda se predv'sem' in
popolnoma zavedamio, da tudi na te
pojave ' upllvajo ' najvefi socialne raz-
mere, kl n, pr. bnemogoCujejo poroke,
cemur je zopot posledica-zniiarije Stevila porodov.'   All kar bl bilo umesit-
no pri tem •razm'otrlv&ti' je vpraSanje,
kako dvlgnitnri po'daljfiatl energljo ln
moB- :lovei_kega  ilvljonja.     Gospodarsko In socialne rialogo so.'kl pnlha-
jajo prl torn predvsem VpoStev.
' Stevilo nazadovanja bo ne da nitl
prlmerjal;! s fitovilom onilv korlstnili
61ove§klh okslstenc, ki.so vsled nez-
i|osnil_, sedanjlh ruznier pred Caso*
zgubljono za (lvu?,bo in za tolo.  Lahko'
bi so bgovarjnlo, ,da nl .mogofio Blvotl
Coz 5ms, kl "ga' n'adava. dolofin.    'Toda
gort'ovo. ln mogoco Jo znidrZatl v ugoVl-
n-bstml    In    driiglml,   obrnmbonlml
srodistvl Stevilo ljurtetva na onakl in
tudl-wlSjl stopnji,    V tem ozlru man
moro nrarsllaij dolowatl Anglija. kjer
jo fttovllo mrtvlh od lota 1807 do 1011
noprog.ni.no nazadovalo.'    Tnko, da Je
fl'orazniorno z naroill ostnlo Stovllo pro-
blvnlfttva nolzpromonjeno.
Prl hub v Aimorlkl so unirljlvost fnlc-
tlbno zirnitivo zelo mno*l, n Stovilnl novl
■niiBcljonol b'dtevllnlm potomatvom ta
heiloBlntok zhkrlvu tor provzrofin, dr.
to JSnloBt.no dojstvo no Hill s talio bI1»
v onrodjo. Knkor hltrn pn bn ustuvl-
Jono irnuoljnvnnjo, ho ))o Aniovikn hio-
rala Hi>rl.|n/,nltl z onako bridko res-
nlpo, knkor ho Jo morula FranolJu, No-
mftlja In dm go,
Tl pojnvl no morojo preHonotltl
voWnhn. Anglija bo Inm ziihviilll.l za
rnziiicronia nlzUo Stovllo Hmrtnlh cln.
enjov vIhoIcIii." mozdiim, #ngoilnlm ho-
olnlnlm"pngojom In piv svojlm IiIrIoiiIo-
nlm oilrndbam. V AvntrlJI Jo v torn
ozlni ravno naHpmtno. Kljub vlnokl
non I ?,lvljo])Hklh potrobSCIn, ho. inozdnl
In noclnlnl liogojl iiajoliibl.1, IJIgljon-
Ifino odiXMlbo m pa zolo pomanjkljlve,
Tnm veljajo v pryl vrutl bosodo nomfi;
uoira nnolonnlnegn nkonomn, Solimol-
lorja, kl pmvl: "VBftk «robrnl groS, b
katorlm bo pomnoBuJo soclnlno bogatn-
tvo, Blano filovoSko SlvlJonJo," V mar-
alkatorom ozlru tudl prl naa v Am-
orlRl ni n.15 boljo.'
liranm jo troba otovoaKo aivijonjo
in mJiwiu a viHiitii i.-oJatvl, kl i&ui
jlh <la na maix>taiw> annnstvo in kul-
turo. Na*l goipodarskl bojt v doaeno
vIKJo plnco delavcem In kraJSI dolaynl
fifM ln boljlio hlglJonilSno dolavno pogo<
Jo, if) b\ij _«v _A.it.tv, Supik) in U«-.wo iu
jllvljenjo. Ona tredatva, kl ae Jlh po-
aluJuJe proldfaHnt mt avojn vamtvo, In
obonom aa ipololno varatvo narodey,
Jo tudl prof, Hwknor pr«d 12 lotl prl-
poroSal nom*k«mu mol^nnntvn, ko jo
prnvll, dn ako no hoN» ai^vllno In du-
iovno oborfttAti netnukl nerod, mu Je
v'e la speranza' che; in trenta mesi si
dlventa borghesi.'.' 13 starebbe bene il
eonfroiiito con. la canzone militaresca.
se i fattinon dimostrano il contfario.
Kon vi e nessuiia nazione al mondo
come l'America una volta,non l'abban,-.
dona piu'. E' como clii ha il vizlo,
della-sigaretta o del "Wiskey. E' uii'
narcctico che ubbrlaca ^emigrante e
un vizio in fa.uato e un amore spuVio,
ma lo e, l'amor del dollaro!
Questo fu scritto sul nostro. Avanti!
da uno dei nostri migllori, compagni,
ehe ora mi sfugge il nome. '   \
Eppure nemmeno l'America-e quel
paese dove sl legano la "sie'pi con la
salsiocia. Qui si fanno strada i'furbi,
i senza coscienza e senza scrupoli,
tutti coloro die pur di accumulare oro
calpesteno ogni diritto di civilta e di
umanita.    ■   ^ '
L'elemento' che 'meglio si presta ad
arriochire questa imasnada di vampirl
d'ogni nazione e in, gran maggiora'nza
l'emigi^zibne italiana. Arrlvata qui
senza educaziono .civile;   in  maggio-
.ra'nza analfabeta.—jgnara—completa--
memte dei principi d'organizzazione te-
nuto sempre lontano (in Italia)' dal
movimento'politico: trascurato com-
pletamente come'una nullita," domo a
servlr il -suo padrone, nel ,campo eco-
nomiico e in quello politico tiUibatvto a
scioperare -per migllorare-le' sue condizioni votapero' per il-candidato cho
gli vien raccomandato dal suo princi.
pale, sono coscienze.inezze fatte.-senza
una direttiva glusta: dello nayo senxa
bussola:- Gente calcolata solamente
buona a far solclii, seminar,per non
raccogliere o far figll per dlfendere la
proprleta di'lor, signori.' E tutto questo e 11 patrlmonlo cho porta con' so 11
nostro,©mlgranite. 7 ,-,_ ■
' Prendetelo-'ai au^'-sbarco o traspbr-
tatelo lontano, nolle' l'errovle in cos-
truzlone, nollo minlere. lontano dalla
,Tutti- fonaan© in una col S. P. una
forza meravigliosa. "II S. P. fu fonda-
to da tedeschi in maggioranza rigida.
mente Marxlsta, Aderiscono i soclal-
jati _ti .tutti le nazlonalita qui emigrate
con gior nali propri in tante lingue
quante.'sono le aderenti, con un. numer
ro di dnscritti in continuo aumento. E
la'Intemazionale che fpVma un fascio
solo;.^che abbraccia i fra telli tutti;
UQ.n importa quale idioma essi parlino
.e.da dove vengano.
i - "Nessun partito come il S. P. in America puo' van tare di avere hel su«
seno tante disparita di' razze tutte concord! nel medesimo Intento 'e per il
meclesimo scopo per. il Socialismo, per
Tabolizipne della'proprieta prlvata.
- ^- ' .
,j Quei' lavoratori (non ? importa   di
quale nazionalita) che credono che in
America lavorando e risparmiando si
possa diventar ricchi o alia peggio sl
riesca a farsi una posizione cadono in
un gravissimo errore.
II comp. Ben. Wilson, in una sua
splendida conferenza tenuta in questa
localita il glugno scorso fra l'altro dis-
se, che; quell'operaio clie credo di diventar ricco colbl-oprio lavoro" dimos-
tra.'e bisogna crederlo' che non abbia
11 cer vello a posto.
., Cade dunque la speranza (li 30 mesi
e poi borghesi.- Lavorando senza sfru-
ttare il lavoro degli altri e dimostrato
clie anche in America non si dlventa
ricchi non solo   in   trenta   mesi ' ma
neanche iii trecento, anni.
•_
„Non si divei-ta ricchi col proprio la-
A'oro -ma si imprpverisce. ancor   plu',
quando la classe lavoratrlce col suo'
voto contluua a mantenere al potere
chi ci tiene Inoatenatl. ,
Se il popolo vuole la sua liberazione
spezzi el sue catene: Ha piu' di un'
arma, a sua disposizione. , Ma ci pens!
bene che voler impadronirsi e rinunci-
are a una di. queste armi, equivale a
mettersi' in condizioni- di inferiorita
pressO l'avversario;. meglio allora di-
chiararsi vinti.
per Impedire laooacorrenza sul mer-
cato e cosi per. forza di cose dovra
quanto prima scaturire dar seno della
societa collettivav- una nuova civilta
cui riconoscail diritto alia vita.-
Appunto sono oggi all'uso collettivo
ad:esempio le strade, rilluminazione,
trasporti, acqua, sciiole, ospedali, bi-
blioteche ecc, non, restano che la mac-
china e la terra da espropriare e per
uso collettivo; cut un buon principlo
lo osserviamo ricono^ciuto 'delle stes
se leggi borghesi d'oggidi che per utili-
ta pubblica si puo' espropriare, medi-
ante compera ed estimo, qualsiasi proprieta privata, per uso collettivo, ri-
conoscendo in tal caso superiore il
diritto collettivo al privato e cosi si
avvicina a grandi passi il tempo in cui
si riconoscera Tutilita di espropria-
. ione pel beneficio collettivo dello macchine, (telle terre, non potendo il sistema di proprieta.privata corrispondere
piu' oltre.ai blsogni dell'umanita. D'
altro lato, la. crescente educaziono di
classe del proletariato, la conqulsta
graduade dcl'%potere politico .ed econo-
mico e dell'lstruztone, sl rendera edot-
to a surrogare la borghcsla in tutte le
sue funzioni. ]3 questa sara la futura
soiiela in forma collettlva o connmis.
tica che gradualmcnto si va fonnando
in seno alia societa borghese stessa.
QUANDO VERRA' IL SOCIALISMO
WANTED
Dry Cordwood
, The undersigned are prepared to
purchase Good, Sound Cordwood iin
large or small quantities delivered at
our works or on cars at outside points.
For- further particulars apply to our
local Manager at the Works, or address
FRANK LIME CO., Limited.
Frank, Alta.
■   , John A. Henderson, Mgr.
When you can own
your own home?    - .
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
AGENTS FOR
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
vita civile e diCt'ldlniento lo si potra"
dlarozziire «o non lo ruggiunge la pro-'
paganda socialista; a'siscroBtttiio a met-
tori©''sulla rotta via per dlventaro egli
puro un orgnnlzzato cho sappla far pat-
U col padrono por la'vondlto o'mano
d'opora. ' 7. . 7>J '' •'•
, Cosl puro acqulstando 11 dirltto dl
clliUidilnanzn o conseguontemonte dirltto al voto; onde far,In modo clio la «ua
Indlviduallta p«sl »iilla bllancln piib«
bltcu o buI pubbliol potorl.
(0 questa nazlono, rAmorlpn.flnrga-
monto vo neda 1| dirltto). I'lno n tanto cho l'olonif;nto 'ltnllajio sl mnnlorra
cstranco alia vltn pubblica dol pnoso
oho lo ospltn. mini admpro coiiHliloralo
In gra do dl Inl'orloi'ltu,- E' qiiontn una
vorltii Innegnbllo « lo dlmoHlrn 11 fnfto
In cut Ron pivsl In ronsldonizlono rII
onilgi'nntl dello altro niizioniilltii. Prou-
(1 cito ail oHompIo l'omlgrnzlono to-
doBcn!
Qunndo romlgrnnto lodOKCO piirto
dnl hiio piicHc hn gin un pin no Hinhilltrt
(non o qiiullo (Iniritalliiiio dol' troiua
mcHl u pol bbrglioBiO l/'omlgrnnto (o-
(Ichco gciKM-iilmento* porta con ho In
una fnmlglln; non Hi forma nol contrl
ill Bbnrco nia rI Inoltrn noll'lntorno a
cololzznro; non, corca como Tltiillnno
11 Ijohh o II cuponilu, mn corcu dl pro.
uiiu'hI II plu' clio sin poDHlbllo una vita
Indlpcndonto o quiiHl nompro vl rlo«co,
Xol vcdlamo qui dollo cltta in imiK-
Bloranzd tedoflclil da loro coniiiwivliil-
iinonto od oconoml cam onto cvllnppnrto,
In plono nu monto dl progroBso o ad
loro polltlcamonto lunmlnlHtrato. ICs-
rI fanno voramento un'opora dl pono-
trazloo sonza Rpnrl dl cannono o dl..
b(i|_oj|i.ii«ii,to lawoBcuiturft.
Vt'iUMDO In quej.ll \>uv*l con vo*"!'
zlonl iuildo con bo«l solldo, So tono
AKricoltorl coltivnno con tut tl 1 alt-
toml modornl; non dtf»odano II tor-
rono con Vnrmtro prolrtorlco como ol
UA.V   t>v_.    V.O^iyU   Uttv/ftt,   kU   V.WKD   TM-
Blonl d'ltn.la.
Bo hanno nltrl moitlorl sono purer
fornltl dl co(tnl»lon. toenjehe bantantl
per non M«or oli.ti.lfkH.tl ultimi fra In
ma«ft dollo dlvorwo omlgrailonl dollo
altro tiflilonallta.
Non dunqii© omlnrwlono temponin-
,
♦roba "nr«»dv»i<m; bndlnl po»om .wlnl. >n mfl MTilqrftflonf ivrrnnniflinto In pliv
nih r«form, -nil i;ottnoi.*riiU\h,o*rfi<ib
«lvolJaiitl i_o»nodar*Ve, dolayno In »lvl<
Joniko pogojo.    O fom rm mv^ii po^
r<*|o nn»l odlirnl vw4rio»J« nl* M v«».
dotl.   V konjriMMru fr|K«ujfj|o   »«»•*"»••.
. Certo non avverra a scadenza fissa,
o neppure'vogliamo fare da profeti in
merito al suo avvento,..ma da fatti posi-
amo rilevare che nulla e stabile, ma
tutto si evolve, si trasforma.
I tempi' primitivi e barbarici, tra.
moriteirono do'i_o aver trascorso7come
tutti, il loro periodo evolutive dando
luogo o molte i'orme di societa, fra
cui il tempo del la pastorizla ecc' ecc;
tramonta,rono le civilta orientali per
dar posto alia civilta greco-romana;
come questa tramonto' per dar posto
alia societa feudale. Questa societa
o civilta medioevale era composta di
tro classi; nobilta e clero, classe pri-
vlleglata; borghesia, ossia abitantl dei
■borg'hi-"-iii*prossiiiiita~d,eila_"citia_on>er
meglio diregli-artiglani; ed i servi, ossia campagnali, che a.regola dl legge
di quei tempi, fissava'no un tratto di
terreno da coltlvare di' cui, per dovere
divino, non'ipot.evanp'"n€ sottrarsi, k«
camblar padrone. La classe-privile-
giata, godeva, e sempre per dirltto divino di leggi speclall ed usufniiva dl
grandisstoi .vaiuaggi; mentre le cl^ss!
sottoposte e per leggi ad esse partlcol-
ari, erano In obbligo di .prestare servi-
zlo militare, dl pagare le decline.impost* dala chlesa, conccdero 11 dirltto
della iprlma notte dl matrlmonlo al sl-
gnorotto del paese, od al padre delle
anlme? pagare lo lmposto ed erano es-
enti dal dirltto del voto ed inoltre sot-
tostaro" a tanto altro ye8'ola a tutto
beneficio dolla classe predomlnanto.
Le strade erano privato, il slgnorat-
to clngeva 11 suo feudo, I suol torrenl, 1
cnjstelli dl altro murn o vl pasaegglava
e Bcorazzava sul velcoll, tlratl od te-
compaguatl dnl servi; l'licqua, era pur
prlvlloglo della cislornla In ,mezzo al
cortlle dolsignoi'otto c vendula al _>or-
vi o borgljeal, In, luce era nffklatn al
solo dl giorno, nlln lunn dl notto, op.
pure a qiialclio lanlcvnu a mano o fan-
nlo da volcolo ecc, ecc, o tutto 'oro
coiifiiicnito nl plu' strotto prlvlleglo
prlvato doi domlnnntl,
L'fivoluzlono clio nou nl iirrnt-ilii a
qunlHliifll ofitiicolo o como In eorronti.
del flume clio glunrmnl rltonm alln
RnrRPivlo. nui ciimmliin vorHo la focti,
como on nl cosn clio niiaco, fn II hiio
tompo o kI j.riiKl'or mn. oil a <|iiohIo
IobkI nntiinifl nnppuro lo viirk* fonno
dl Hoclotn possono HottrarBl, cosl vonno
puro 11 mio tt-mpo ih.t In Hoclotii 1'iui-
tf uiu.
I.'nrtiklaniito, dovovu ormnl Hconi-
liiirlni iw>r dur vlia nlln muccliliiii; lu
borglicrtlu, hI runik'vn odotta <i rnpuro
a HiirroKiii'o In tutto lo hiu? fiiiVv.lonl lu
nolilliit Cf el oro c dure svllup|ti. a miovo
fiiHl dl civilta o prflKi'OHHo; tuiovl lilii-
obiiI H'lmpoiHivnno.Ja Hoi'li'tu I'mkIiiIo
non potovu plu' (ioi,rlH|ioiuli.,ro alln nt»
ccflHltti tlol tumpl ti conl 111 bOI'gllllHlll
colla coudliiazloiK) i.lf.lli; Mlubadl cam-
pngna o iii(ii'c<» roporu dnl flloBofl dol
uunpo, ll'oboBplurru, .Duiiton occ, occ,
la nobilta o cloro dovnttu miccomboro
sotto II plccono domolltro dol tumpl
mnturl o conl prono pontn In norlota
borglicBO. K' ovvlo pero' illclilnraro
nlio niiolio oonza ropora dl IloboBplorro,
Dnnton occ. la noclota foudnlo nvrobbo
i.fJIuUj UHUiillUtiUlU ttOUOiiu.ro tlliO iUK-
i;\ fvolutlvc o 01 U-ustouuuileuv; J'o..-
ora propnntitorla puo' avcrln aeculoratn
dl qunlclio anno. Dal 1780 e dopo la
dnrapltAtlono dl ro Liifll XVII dl Frnn-
cla, dolla roRlnn « dol noblll plii' Influ-
..M *.* ...iff. ,u- , ' " fi. i* !'* •-
......  ,.-.■.. V.kJtu>  ^ikV*A UVi.U  UitMblli!   ih
borghoala il ostIso till trono doll'oro o
dol potrft; ricoiiobbu I dlrlttl doll'tio-
mood,II aorvo lotruiformo' In Balnrla-
to; dlodo ivlluppo nil jndiiBtrla o com-
morclo nd all'lirtruxlona o morco la nan-
oonto murehInn mine In oomiinlcnzlo.
no pojwll oon popoll ooc, ore.
Ln borpb/wrift nolnuo tnmpo dl <loml-
<-n v col no con tutti 1 dlrlttl dl rltla- nlo »ta ncolcsratido  In  sua   pnouBlma
■''rrtTurji: n ronl nuro *] puo' dire p*r flno, dnt_i Ia forma dl produzione. rolls
I'-ffi'irmrVn** iloMn nMro nnxlontillta. rnnoclilnn, o por feitlonatn, mirroglioro
•'vp'lrn' Prnrrwl, Rutil, Bcozzo»l. In- In gran pnr to la mano d'ojwrn; i-on
1 ■-<■»  ™nlf»P *<•«! ret., tnm, <onlron_ U proprleta In mano ->!! po<Lbl
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO •
Capital Subscribed  ..        6,000,000       Capital  Paid  Up           6,460,000
.Reserve  Fund   ...       ,6,460,000       Total Assets ...'       72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vloe-Pret.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT ,
Ir.terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIEBRANCH -. GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager1 _>
-CE.-LXO-NS-
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
THE
ORIOINAL1 OC.A
CHARTER I OOH- ■
PERSONAL RESERVE FUNDS
. ii    '        n
A saviiiRS account i ntho biuilt is a reserve fund that mny 1)0 con-
voniontly tlnnvn upon in time oi! distress, or wlumovcv the opportunity
arises to take advantage of some promising investment. JiHtiiblisU
your reserve fund with tlio Homo Iknk. Full compound interest
paid on savings deposits of one dollar and upwards,
Head
Office
Brandies and connection*
throughout Canada
J, T, Mficdonald, Manager. Fernie,
TORONTO
YOUR BLOOD IS TAINTED.
ULCERS,  BOILS,  SWOLLEN   GLANDS,   BLOTCHES,
PIMPLES, AND ALL SKIN AND BLOOD DISEASES
ARE COMPLETELY CURED BY THE
NEW METHOD TREATMENT
WniHIrc to cnll dm nHentlnn of nil tlirwe
(i.„j_Cil' Willi i..iv |>|oo.l or Shin l)iir«»« 10
o -r Um* Molliod Trpitmonl ihii wmnuiliM'il
cui'M lui'iititiii ciJiniil.ilhii., 'JIn;i» U nu iiX'
r'ii.,1 tw any ikthuii liliviiiK n (ilNllKiirml fnen
tvnui cni|.tii.»'j mul l.iuiclioi. No irmtit-T
uliutliurlK'iwilltai'yor nui|uirml, nur Hin'cillo
ri!iiu:,|lv« mul in'.iiiiii'iit i',i'uu,:il/ii all |><i|-
Ruin In t >o l.li)oi| nml oxptt ihi'iii from Hie
(.jtitflm, uiirviut <mpiTi_iic(. in .tliA.tito.t-
tuotktrtf (luiiiMiniUrjf tlia tnotit Ki'ilnim unit
comwlimtoil cwim cnnl'lct u« to ptirfcct n
curnwithoutm_|Kirlnim.ll.i|{. WfliUilniilnM*
tin tlio j.l.i|.-P«r Only •for. th« DfiKflt Yon
«, If you 1ii.vo nny lilcmt (llHonim,
DfrlvB
1 coi>-
milt in Fr««, of. Chin* nnd let u» iitovo to
yiulio.. flalckly our nsmmllcn wllf remove
nllnvldeniNMnrdlMimw.- UnrlPrtlmlnfltienMi
of tlm Nit. M»lliod TMitmtnt llio'jkln !•*•
'onm^B'olonr, ulcorn, pirnpfoa nnd Mntehea
\i<-n\ up, milarKuil RUmli »r<_ rodured, f»llm
tint liftlr (frowi In piinln. tin fjr* liertime
lifi^M sml-ltlon !i»<'l <-n»rp« return, ninl (li»
victim raiUuie new life u'ai opened up to
lilw
YOU CAN ARKANflC TO PAY APTUt
YOU ARE CURED
CONSULTATION IHEIt
t*ni fer BwVUt en Dlu»_. • ef Mm
*'rm r.otnm monitob" mm
U vaeUe te ««n, write fer • QueetUe IM
fee HMie T^alawrt
Dm.KEHN___r&l_ENNE_ff
Cor. Mlchltjin Ave, and OrlswoW St,   Detroit. Mich.
.11 fIT 11* C     A,t letters from Canada muM. lw addremiwl
If V 11 If Bi     to our Canadlitn Correapontlence Depart-
__■___■■■■■_------_-■    ment In AVnul-or, Ont.   If j-mi Ae*Wc in
M« nt pttraonally call nt our Medical Jnatittttc in Detroit aa we are nnd treat
M patleHU In our Wlmlaor ofilcei which are for Corrt-apondence and
laboratory /or Canadian bnalneaa only.   Addreaa all lettera ea follow* t
DRS. KENNEDY & KENNEDY, Windaor, Ont.
Wrfte far nut pHtaU Mmm, ;	 7£r$^t~.
lis
If'
Ky
J*
1,1
_--
PAGE SIXTEEN
Identical Interests
•; " 0/* Wage Earners
By Eugene V. Debs
gome twenty years ago. in a hearing upon the question" of a reduction
"■  of railroad freight rates, Chief Justice
Frank Doster, of the Supreme Court
of Kansas, announced from the bench
, the then startling 'doctrine, that, "The
rights of the L'ser arc paramount to
the rights of the Owner."
Today, more than fifty million men
and women-, in all civilized nations of
the earth subscribe to that doctrine,
as applied to all the great machinery
of production and distribution of life's
necessities, and they support their belief with all the economic and political
power at their command.
*    As long as  the farmer must ship
over  privately  owned  railroads  and
pay  the  exhorbltant   rates   they  demand;  as long as he must sell his
grain    to    the   elevator and milling
trust; as long as must sell his live
stock to the packers' trust; as long as
he must buy his machinery of tho harvester trust, his sugar of the sugar
trust, his salt of the salt trust, his coffee of tho coffee trust, his clothes of
the woollen and cotton trust and his
lumber of the lumber trust—ln fine,
as long as the farmer must sell his
products In a trust controlled market
at whatever price the trust owners are
pleased to offer, and buy liis necessities in a trust controlled market at
whatever'price the trust owners are
pleased to demand, just so long will
the farmer, his wife and helpless children, slave for a pittance, as meagre
as that doled out to their wage employes, by these self same trusts.
The material interests of the wage'
earner, the salaried employe, and the
farmer are identical,
% They are each and all alike the
plundered victims of as vicious a system of robbery as ever enslaved the
human race. They are, indeed,
"hewers of wood and drawers , of
water' for a master class, as "rapacious and insatiable as any that ever
ruled and robbed mankind.
No other system of human slavery
ever conceived in the mind of man
or produced from the, womb of time,
and imposed upon the race, was as
insidiou8\and deceptive,' as brutal and
heartless as is capitalism. Its beneficiaries hold forth to mankind .the
fatuous hope of individual success; of
acquiring- wealth and power, at' the
expense of "their fellows, all'unmindful of the fact that where one individual  under ._cap_itajism_achieves -fame.
and fortune or even "a competence, ten
thousand sink and die in poverty and
, are buried unheralded and unsung. -
And the abomination of the system is, that it justifies this result on
the ground that those who did not succeed were failures because they deserved to fall.*- In other words, that
the millions who lived and died in ignorance and poverty, could have succeeded under the system, had they
sof desired and willed.
The mirage of the desert which
lures the traveler to certain death _s
no more cruel or, deceptive than are
tbe false promises of capitalism.
This idea of justification _pf .capitalism, by its successful devotees, has
been ail.the more easily enunciated
and the more readily accepted , because, under capitalism, In nearly
every civilize! nation of tlio earth, the
worker possesses the political power
necessary for his own emancipation.
Ignorant of how to use their own political power; lacking tho knowledge
and Insplratoin of,any other system
of society than capitalism, this political power of the workers has been
a bauble, an empty, meaningless husk,
Instead of a potent Instrument for
their economic salvation.
Lacking the Inspiration which a
knowledge of Socialism would bring
and accepting their ballot as an end
rather than as a means' to an end,
the workers of the world have fallen
easy victims to the political sophistries of capitalism. Mislead, deceived
and discouraged by the cunning wiles
of capitalist politicians, millions of
men in the nation no longer exercise
their right of franchise.
In their supreme disgust and discouragement, these workers have voluntarily abandoned the mightiest
weapon with which mankind was ever
armed: 0
These voteless millions who have
voluntarily disfranchised themselves,
may well be likened to a great' army,
the greatest the world ever knew in
point of numbers, equipped with modern machine guns, which abandoned
its equipment, and surrendered to an
insignificant enemy—merely because
in the first skirmish, its soldiers'who
were ignorant and untrained in the
use of modern machine guns, .accom-
plishedi almost as much execution in'
their own ranks as In the ranks of the
enemy. , » '
To these discouraged battalions of.
the world.'s,workers Socialism comes
with a message of true inspiration. It
bids them to ga|n,wisdom from experl-
-ence;-it-teaohes-them-that-pastrfail-
ures to realize their political inspirations through 'political action was in
no' wise a reflection upon the virtue
THE DISTRICT LEDGER FEBHIg, B.W NOVEMBER 30,1912.
of the ballot, but is chargeable directly and wholly to the misuse of it under
the direction and guidance of. capitalist politicians, who were well content
to accomplish a politicai-abortion in-'
asmuch. as it served, tb'perpetuate the
system of capitalism, . v '-„■" - ■'.
'Socialism Jeacb.es that-the .ballot .is'
more potent in humrn affairs, than air
the guns aiid munitions of "war "oyer,
manufactured-in the'arsenals of capitalism. But the. ballot is only potent
for good when used with, intelligencer
in the hands,of the politically ignorant, the ballot is as ivngerous as
dynamite in^the hands of Qilldren. ■-
The' woflcers of this nation have
voted the ticket of capitalism for jhore
than half a century; they have been
playing with political dynamite. Sometimes , they voted for Democrats;
sometimes they voted for Republicans; sometimes they voted, for Independents or Progressives—but ever
and always the workers voted for capital lam—for each and every political
party of whatever name, wasTcbntroll-
ed by those who believed in and.were
Interested in'the maintenance of the
capitalist system.
*
Now comes Socialism, full panoplied and fully armed, to challenge the
right of existence of this monster,
capitalism. Socialism challenges
capitalism as an Institution. It in'v
vites the workers of the world to abandon utterly all "capitalist parties, capi-.
tallst politics and the capitalist Bys-
tem. ,'
Socialism openly'and boldly charges
capitalism with being the most insidious and the most indefensible form of
human slavery Socialism demands'
that this enslavement of the race'shall
cease and that capitalism/- which
stands sponsor for it shall ,die.
Socialism denies that the workers
have the slightest material interest in
the success of any political organization which does not challenge, the
very existence ,of capitalism., it in-
vilts the workersof~the world, "In factory and mine,'' in shop-and;on the
firm, to unite upon the political battle
field and vote this monster system of
modern slavery out of existence. •_
It denounces tlie so-called "issues"
of each and every capitalist politicul
organization of whatever name, as being wholly, false and utterly unworthy
the consideration of any sane member of the working class.
Socialism defines the one supremo
issue to be Socialism vs. Capitalism--
l.ibcrty ,vs. Slavery—Man vs7 Mam-'
mon, and it declines to dissipate and
destroy the" moral grandeur of the
discussion and' applause ' and fake
issues propelled into the arena of
purely'capitalist politics by capitalist
'politician's,-inian-effort-to-cozen-the-
workers out of their votes.
The electrifying message of Socialism falls' up'onSwilling ears in' this
1 i- -.   ^
COMBIMaTIOH HO. 1 - $5.50
1; quart' Peter Dawson's Scotch
rV^^/Aennesgy 3-star Brandy
1 quart ^ery Old' -Madeira Wine
■V
COMBINATION NO. 2 - $5.00
1 quart Jamaica; E;unv ;   '    7:   >  :
y    y   7t-.^' ,f7 ". .._    .   , i ,-,   \' ... 7;   .-.,_._• 7- \..   ;
1 qt. MdiidpoL Brandy Med'l Reserve
1 quart Invalid Port Wine   : 7    v   ■:.-.-
n
;  COMBINATION NO, 3 - $5.25-
large bottle Burke's Irish Whiskey
large bottle Geneva Gin °
bottle sealed Eye        .
COMBINATION NO. 4 - $5.00 V
.' ' -  . " s '        '-•';'•'. •       ' 7      '
1 bottle Anisette "Brizard& Rogers"
1 bottle Blackberry Brandy,
2 bottles Parnay Sparkling wine
COMBINATION NO. 5'- $4.50
bottle Gordon's Dry .Gin
bottle Chianti Wine J; , 'y
bottle Vin St. Michel : .\Z
COMBINATION NO. 6 - $5.00
._. ,'"''■
Box .of (50) Choice Cigars
,<i    ■ .    ,   - * ■    '    ■'••.,
1 bottle unfermented Grape Juice
f- , * - 1   "^ _' *.'     . * • '       X      *• i'
.^.Remember the above are only suggestions.     We carry "avery complete stockofXy
, imported and native liquors, wines and cigars, afid can makeup any lot desired,'■ \\
v Agents for the celebrated MUTZ EXTRA BEER
Mail Orders promptly and carefully attended to.
FRANK VWNE & SIHRIT Q0., FBSANK,
f4
.t 1
V
<s
campaign;, it is a^aessage of hope and'
of inspiration for^jthbse'who toil.' Its'
crimson banners are planted upon'the
very ramparts of ihe-citadels of capi-
talism-and^neTiiaTcBing^iiosts ofTEe"
brotherhood of-man- proclaim that
victory is near, in" tones of gladsome
joy.
MAMMOTH^SHIPPING INTERESTS'
SAID, TO BE FORMING TRUST
Combining into.the Greatest Shipping
 Mon6polyJth_it-the~Worid"Has~**''
Ever"" Seen
NEW YORK," Nov. 29.—It is assert-'
ed with great circumstantiality In finr'-?3r,5O0,O0O and 64 ships;', British India
ancial- circles here ithat=-preliminary
•negotiations have been" completed to
form.the greatest- (shipping   combine
-the"5wprld~has"everrseen.t •"
,. The' companies interested, are:  Cu-
aard, capital $100,000,000'and 31 steam-
ers; Peninsular and Oriental, capital
Steam Navigation company/capital $8,'
500,000'and 129 steamers; -Royal Mall
Stea^PacfeiT^omppyT^lKrT^r
000,000  and;. 129' steamers; --"Furness
Withy and Company,, capital $17,500;
000' and, G3 steamers.
Inside  Property within  Three Blocks from Postoffice and Depot
/   ■■-
TOWNS
Humboldt, Sask.
A city in the making, \
The coming Hub  of the West,
Has a Dominion  Und Offlco," tfustoms, House, Mounted Police Barracks, etc.
Divisional point on   Canadian Northern main line to
CamroHo and Calgary (between Winnipeg' and Edmonton)
i)
Now is tho time to invest in Humboldt for the heaviest
profit
MUST
I
Vegrevijie, Alta
Divisional point on Canadian  Northern main, line to
Camrose and Calgary (between Winnipeg and Edmonton)
Natural gas has been struck in town.
Tho town* lias a sash and door factory, a machine, shop,
n brick yards, roller flour milljs, four clovators, cold storage
.plant, four implement warehouses, oil clopots, etc..
Two banks two hospitals, high school, public school etc.
Vegreville is a centre for government buildings.
V OO'l'pl'l MO    in    oin     r» *\«v?A»i If ■»■»■• >#>1    rvn.»> *■■>•/->.
Lots $100 to $150, 10 per cent cash and 10 oerceiit monthlv
Real Estate
You cannot help make money in a Western town if you don't buy too far out
A call solicited; will show you maps.
M. A. K AST NER, Fernie, B.C
Fire Insurance
Life Insurance
,11
.j*-.-!«--*"#■ "* *
.'• H-J-^^J^.,    e-frlt   t,
......  ,..,.. .  A  ...... ,

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.disledfer.1-0308841/manifest

Comment

Related Items