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The District Ledger 1911-10-14

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;*; The Official Organ bf-District No, 18. tf M. W. ^ of A.
Political "Unity is Victory.
4 ' 7 vq\.y.^m:s:^y^i;'yy.
$.1,00 A YEAR
Latest ^EitpressMji; From
Man Higli up-^What
7 a; Roar if it Did i
i ~
(Special to the Ledger) '
/ EDMONTON, Oct. ll!—" :-. 7.-Coal
^is as.necessary-to the malntenaiace of
.life "on the prairie as Is'light, and air,
and If,, tlie coal operators will not'supply "coal it is up to,the goyerninent "to
' undertake "thetask, even, to'the'extent
.of. going. In for government^, ownership and operation of "coal mines.",'•
; The above is ari.expnessiori-of.opih'
ion given by the Hon. C. W. Cross,-ex-
Attorney General of Alberta; at a meet;,
■lng, of-young Liberals held here on
. Tuesday nlghC       ' ':--_ y '  y - -7;
7 This pronouncement "of Cross was
the climax' of an extended statement
regarding conditions in this "province
for some time.past, "and dealing at the
, present time with the great scarcity of
; coal' despite the' fact. that the operators were in possession- of enormously
rich- resources',, the gift ."of i the' crown,
"and that for,months past/owing to a
-dispute with the men; but-little fuel
had ■ been" supplied,, thus"' they- were
.failing'to'carry out, their- portion of,a
tacit agreement-1 with" the - Crown, by
-virtue "of the gifts received, to furnish
,the[country with"'coal."","' _ ,.'7-'"'
numbers of settlers, and the invitation
'is stiirop"ent, to .come"..into the-cpuntry
■and make thelr^homes on the prairies,
and it could-.not allow th'ese7settlers
to be exposed to the rigors of a'merej-
■ loss-winter without an'adequate supply
• of coal.7. He gave it as" his .opinion
-that .Inasmuch sis the, operators ha?
failed tb supply "the coal It was up to"
the governmont to tiilce/'a,'-'hand, nnd
•averred that tho mines under govern-
- n'/'nt control7operdtlrig not-for-profit
hut for the purpose of furnishing coal
at cost, would'bo a finish to the con-
tin unlly recurring labor troubles, which
• has' nmde life so hard for. tho working
,men of<tho past-    .'   \ ,       y     .,
' Tho statement has caused sorn'o.yl^.il
of a sensation In Edmonton, especial-
. ly In view of tho fact that Edmonton, ls
' the cantor of a not Inconsiderable conl
district' itself, whore the1 same 'conditions may restart at any tlmo.      ';
'    ,n'.    ' '
....—.,■■■,.. a.-  ,   ,      ., /!
glons. which need reclamation', and?60
per,cent of the entire,'population is
illiterate," . 7/'- '-., ''.;" ; .' ',
,' That in these circumstances the Italian people .cannot be -enthusiastic
about the* expenditure of enormous
sums of money upon a barren country
like Tripoli la evident. ,• Bu- in a country like Italy, where over '30 i>er cent
of the population is' Illiterate, the rul-
ers need not fear a general rebellion'
in aJsituation of,this kind.
The-Pope sanctioned,the stealing of
Tripoli" by the Italian government. He
considered this act of brigandage' as
the, first step' toward ^civilization, in
Tripoli". ':':•' -,.-- " V '- t ^ • - .
-,; Charity begins at home! In view of
thViact; pointed-out by the "Avanti,"
that 60;per cent of the people of Italy
are'.still, Illiterate, might it not be .better }f..the! Pope .'would begin the,-work
of .civilization, in Italy arid let-the
Arabs, in Tripoli take care.of themselves?— Qi A. Hoehn, in>St. Louis Labor." •   "".,. ,-.',.,x   - .-
:  I
'-y.-       OUT OR THE CIVIC FED.
y:y thMnegotia tions
Special Convention Convened This Week
y f ffliihja View to Re-Open Question
of Settling Difficulties
Colorado Delegates to A. F. of L. Convention Will MbvesPresldent.
Leave Anti-Labor Body    "•'." *
DENVER,- Colo., "Oct. 9.—Samuel
Gompers,; president- of the, American'
Federation "of Labor,' is to be asked
at . the \ national "conention next
month' to give up ■ his membership in
the National Civic Federation'or quit
his job with the biggest labor„ organization in -the, world. The proposition
will be put up' to, hinr by-the'Colorado
dejegatesto'the"convention, - led; by
those • of 'the. United -Mine.Workers of
America, and,,, the Western Federation
of'Minors, ry', ■,'-' ~*~'i ''"■■'■ '7l7"'"
"\',V, ,- (Special to the Ledger)
LETHBRlbGE, ■ Alta.—On Wednesday-morning the delegation was called
to", order""iri the:.Labor Hall at Leth-
bridge at 10 o'clock, President W. B7
Powell, presiding.
-He opened his' remarks by stating
that the purpose' of the gathering was
with" a view to( arriving at some basis
upon which to approach the Operators'
Association relative to the existing differences.    " ■    -
' The; Credential Committee Immediately got-busy^ and very soon thereafter
brought, in their report,, which," after
some discussion touching the question
of representation in connection with
the Hosmer and Bellevue Locals, was
adjusted- to'the satisfaction of delegates', ,Tupper,, Balderstone and Oliphant
the former two tfrom Hosmer arid the
latter" representing, Bellevue, was, accepted, - and. then followed the usual
routine.,   -■.■---        -  • ^
■ -  ' ■      - ."/       , - " ->
..The remainder of the morning ses-
sion'was occupied by .President John P.
White,,- who^deHvered a'most stirring
address,- giving a ■ very interesting re-
',:The; Colorado; delegates,- feel that
President Gompers is no'.betters than
iTohn-frMltchell, * former- president of
the United' Mine Workers',''" who was
.forced-to givejip a7$6!o6o a year job
as Secretary, to the National Civic Federation by;action of the convention
of his own organization, and 'the' same
men who were Instrumental In forcing
MItcliell-'out will go after Gompers., "
The' determination of the Colorado
delegation to f start something ■> at" the
convention is expecto'd to result In one
of the?biggest rows over.seen among
the .(delogates! ■ Thy will act under
Instructions, of the 'Stato Federation
of-.Labor In-this matter. "    '  ■
S.',' particularly, thak portion in which
the.U. M.,,W. of .'-had played'-a prominent' part. His description of some
of the'incidents "tharbave transpired
are" of such a revolting.'nature that one
could readily Imagine was a 'description
of an age that;ls supposed to he far in
the past and cannot be surpassed even
In autocratic Russia.
Coming to questions nearer homo,
after complimenting tbe membership
upon the magnificent and well regulated fight they were putting up. Dealing with tho present situation he; as
su'red his hearers that although this
wns Incidentally tho fight of District
18, It wns likewise that of the entlro
organization, and-whatever might be
the outcome of their deliberations, as
United Mineworkers the preservation
pf'the organization should be the prime
motive of every single member and
was most, emphatic in his assertions
that the Interntional Executive 'would
not for'a'moment countenance signing up.agreement on any other basis
At. the "resumption, of proceedings in
the afternoon session the real object
of this special'convention was warmly discussed by the different delegates
the sentiment of each individual was
an echo' of 'the ■ Instructions given by
their respective, locals, the keynote of
every speech showed a firm determination riot-to entertain any basis nf negotiations that did not conform in substance to the declaration of President
White,,looking-to the retention of the
past solidarity of District 18.
THURSDAYyAfter most careful deliberation, -'calmly ,arid dispassionately
discussed By the" ablest representatives
thatk each 'local- iri the District could
select to be Its- mouthpiece and safeguard- their future welfare, it was decided to' open "up negotiations • on Dr.
Gbrdon-s-Reportr-^—■ =~    '     ~
There"is'.riot'.the slightest doubt but
that the'"men in'this District are still
of the opinion that tlie report of the
Chairman of the Investigation Board
is., most "J" unjust,yh$&. r unwarrantable,
still they realize theo privation that
may ensue to the people of Western
Canada should there be n coal, famine
during the winter now fast approaching. The delegates have now returned to "their'respective'camps and will
place the actions of the convention
before''the members, hut every mine-
worker should clearly understand that
it does not. necessarily mean that tho
mines will resume oporatlons forthwith.   • '       •
Fearful Working Conditions Cause Di-
, sease, and Six-sevenths of Brass   -
Workers Old at 40    .
. The agreement has "yet to be negotiated, and a referendum vote as to
whether it will be rejected or ratified.
There are many matters to be
straightened out, in fact ,the members
will not be asked to, ballot on same
at all unless it carries with it the
fuir recognition of the organization
and every man guaranteed the working
place that he had previous to the stoppage.
FRIDAY—A meeting of the Executive Board was held after the adjournment of the convention, when Secretary Carter was instructed to notify
Mr. Lewis Stockett, of the'action that
had been taken, with the result, that
he has signified his willingness to
meet "the District Officers in Leth-
bridge today.   7     '  „        '        ^   '
Those present •' at the convention
were: John P. White, International executive; W. B. Powell, president district executive; A. J. Carter, secretary;
Clem . Stubbs,, .vice-president; Messrs.
Wallace;1 Morton andt Garner, international board members.; " D. McNab;-
Carl Theodorovich,-organizer; Messrs
Smith    of   Fernie.'   Jones._of^ Hllk
crest .and Lees of Bankhead, members
of the executive of' District 18. -  .
"'The'following-delegates were also
present from'.'the .various locals: W.
K.llayson, Coleman; L. Moore, Leth-
l.rldge; ,Geo.'Llnn, David'-Paton .arid
David JRees, Fernie; Wm. Ashton,'Bur-
mi?;'Richard Jones Corbin; Wm. Tup-
per nnd.Wm. Balderstone,, Hosmer;
John.'OHphant, Bellevue; Thos. Harries,
Michel;, Frank Wheatley, Bankhead;
13dward Brown; Nnvln, Diamond City.
1. 13. Fisher, Royal Collieries ; James
Burrows, of Blairmore; F. Pearson,
Hlilcrest; J. Magdall, Passburg; Robt.
Evans, Frank; M. E. Glldny, Maple
Leaf;' Frank Barringh.im, Lethbrldgo
Colliorles, and Hopkln Evnns, Taber.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 9.—The battle
of the trades unions' for the eight-
hosir day and bettor shop conditions
is. surely justified. Writing in the Survey, Dr. Emery Hayhurst has this 10
say: "The ago statistics are really
startling. Out of 1,751 brass foundry-
men,, only 17 over 50 years of age
were- found, and a hare 260 over 40
years of age, 'When asked the cause
of this, officials invariably.' stated:
' "They get too old; they can't turn
out the work they should everyday.'
"But what sort of an industry ig this
In which nearly six-sevenths of its
followers are old at the age of 40?
Workmen claim they are knocked out
by, the brass" fumes, -These age statistics from Chicago workmen are no
different , from- those' Sir Thomas
Oliver gives in his book of '"Dangerous Trades."    s ,
"Only ten brass workers of 1,200
casters in Birmingham, England, were
found living beyond 60 years. A superannuation Insurance . for brass
founders to-begin at 55 years of age
had only three applicants in a period
of some ten years.
"The present rate of mortality of
the brass foundrymen is two and one
half times that of the farmer. Respiratory diseases, particularly consumption',' account cl'or the difference.
Comparative tables based on sickness
and ivalidism, if obtainable, would
show even greater differences." , .
-"*-A-r"large—cToW"d   attemleBPthe  Isis"
Family   Theatre   yesterday   evening
Former President to Try
for Chief Executive ,
of U.M.W. of A.
INDIANAPOLIS.—With  the  announcement of Thomas L. Lewis, former
president of the United Mine, Workers
of America, that he would again seek
tho office, John P. White, now presi-;"
dent of the miners, recently' announced that he would ask re-election.   ■    '
' A repetition of the hard fight be- ,
tween the two men at the last elec- ,
tion for the leadership is prophesied.
o. ■'       By Clarence Darrow.
Strikes, in th main ,are like other
wars, largely a ouestlon of supplies. "■
.   For this rahvou, under ordinary fir- ■
cuinstances; the workingman has little
chance to win.
It is only ,by strategy, choosing an
opportune time, or so appealing to the
imagination as to catch public opinion
tbe striker can hope to win; and even
then it is-.only a poor victory at the
best. ,. . - v
An" army without ammunition might
almost as well expect to win against
one fully equipped and possessing unlimited resources as a union hope' to'
.In general, hunger .and want, must-
finally settle a hard-fought strike..
when the second series of prizes were | -. The workers of the world have' duly"
givn away." -, • i food and ci0thmg and, shelter for a'
Th lucky winners were Mrs. L; Oxley f0Wvd'a"ys.       -
The war is on, Ttnly sont hor war-
nhlps to;tho African const. " ,Tho city
of Trlpoil Is now occupied by,Italian
troops, the Turkish garrison evacuating without,firing a shoU' ,.    -,
It Is gonorally agreed that this action of the, Itallnn government Js tho
most damnable brigandage undertaken
by nny civilized nation, . Without, any
official declaration of war, without consulting" pnrllnmont, the Italian govern-
' ment ordered its pirate ships to pro-
coed forthwith to tho African ' shores
nnd tako possession of Tripoli.   That
Turkey was not In a position to sue-
, ocssfully defend her possessions In Africa was woll, known, honco Italy's
piratical - government , felt   absolvod
from all further obligations,
<  Tho Italian Socialists protested against tho war campaign of tholr govern
ment, '   Peace demonstrations   were
hold In Homo, Milan, Turin and othor
cltloi, but, unfortunately) tbo Italian
Socialist movement could not develop
sufficient strength to chiingo the plrato
program of tho government.   A numbor of Socialists wore shot down—and
(hat ended the pence demonstrations.
Tho Socialist daily organ, "Ayantl,"
In denouncing the "Tripoli campaign,'
•'Italy Is n "country where 200,000
citizens llvo In straw huts or subtor-
rnr\*nt\ nnv/i« niiri' jVeltcc?, lei i,v„i lv
■i' afford homna, ' Thowi 'hnvc hfon nf
least 100,000 victims of pollngra, duo
to Insufficient nourishment, and fully
tOO.OOO Kalians are bound to leave tho
country ovory year, as It Is Impoi'slblo
for 1hPm to find wnrV in* Hv« .<r
homo. There aro 1,300, communes
without a supply ot drinking water
nnd over 6,000 without aowors .Over
500,000 Italians Inhabit malarial    ro*
Put Government Wheels
in Motion Soon-Sir
Alls , stsenkeot mljnsrs 4
words* vercocht wso te bllj- 4
v«n van Alberts srt Itstern ■■*
British   CeluMbls,'   dssr   de..
werkstshlno mtf ithtr 1* op   •*
dshevsn. / *
OTTAWA; Ont., Oct.' 10.—R. h, Borden Inst nlglit completed IiIb cabinet
making labors, following a series of
conferences with his chief lieutenants
nnd at midnight drovo to llldonu Hall
where lib presented tho. list, to tho
Clovornor-Gonornl. /It. was approved-
by Ills Kxcollonoy and the now cahl-
not will 1x3 sworn in hy I3nrl Qroy at
Qovornmont, Houso to-day.
Tho following nro tho now cabtnot
ministers of Canada:
Premlor—Mon, U. h, Borden, M.P,
for Hnllfax, N. S.
Minister of Agriculture—Hon Martin
llurrell, M.P. for Yalo-Carlhoo, II. 0,
' Minister of Customs—Hon. Dr. J. D.
field, M.P. for Oronvfilo, Ont.
Minister of Flnanco—Hon. W.'T,
Whlto, Toronto, Ont,
Minister of Inlnnd Itovonuo—Hon W
B. Nnntel, M.P. for Terrebono, Quo.,.
Minister of tho Interior—Hon, Uobt,
nnanrs, Mnnltorm
Minister of Justice—Hon. O. ,T. Do.
herty, M.P. for West Elgin, Ont.
Minister of Labor—Hon. T,, 0. Ore
thers, M.P. for West Elgin, Ont.  ■>.
Minister of Marino nnd Fisheries—
Hon, J. D, Har.en, Premier of New
Minister of Mllllla—Hon. Col. Sam
Hughes,' M.P, for Vlctorla-Hallburton,
Minister of Publlo Works—Hon. V,
D. Monk, M.P. for Jacques-Cartler, Que,
Minister of Ilallways and Canals—
JJr.n. Frank Corhrsne, of Ontario.
initiator of liado and Commerce—
Hon.Georgo B. Fouler,Toronto; Ont.
Pcslmaster 0#inenil—Hon. L. P. P*l«
latfer, Quebec.
Secretary of State—Hon. Dr, Roolir*,
.M.j*. for Marawlte, Man.
Jftnlutcra without PunUullu*—A. £
Hemp, M.P, for Kast Toronto, Ont.:
Q, H. Perley. M.P. for Argentulel, Que.;
Mrs. J. A. Lontbeed. CsUaiy
' -'^Vednesday night'tho Grand Theatre
vas comfortably filled with nt'.oudants
at the second • concert given by the
membors of tho noyal Wolsh Choir.
Tho fact 'that'so.many wero there do-
8plto tho oxlstlng conditions rosultlng
.from tho lohgthy nnd complclo ccosa-
t'r.p ,61 oporatlons In tho ch: >.? Indus-
try,. of "the district, speaks volumes
for tho estimation In which thoso sing.
ers ."from' Cambria are regarded by the
citizens'of Fornlo.
That tholr efforts wero appreciated,
the numorouB recalls, to which thoy
courteously "responded, Is amplo testimony; "
' Mdddmo Hughes Thomas, ns wloldor
pf tho baton, Is onlltlod to honrty congratulations for tho nblo manner In
which - h'or, pupils ' acquit thomsolvos,
and we hope, <)>at, succors may ncco<n-
pnny, thls'.band of aongBtors whorovor
they may go, ,t ■
In the.;cdnoludlng numbers on tho
progrnmmo those nntlvos of WhIob
who woro In tho audience, Jolnod tholr
voices wlth.thono of tho choir nnd (he
blondlng of mnlo nnd fomnlo voices pro
ducod a most harmonious onBcmblo.
Whon "God Savo tho King" was
sung thoso on tho Htnge censed nt tho
flrBtstahr.n, prosumnbly prompted by
tholr loader, ho'' thnt tho responses
could ho furnished by the audience,
P was, however, particularly weak,
not moro thnn three women's vorw
wero atidlblo,
After making calls nt, various points
boforo reaching tho const, wo are Informed thnt a trip through Australia
w\\\ v« Trsie," rhcrc r;c ^i*** »"ui
them a moxt h««nrty T^opllnn.
rage in town for months.    "The Butterfly" Is another air that has the
town by tho'ears.    But It Is In laughs
as woll ns lilts thnt "Madame .Shprry"
Js, unique  ns  a  seiiBntlonnl  success,
according, to report,     Tho compnny
nssomblod for tho presentation of tho
production horo Includes a roster of
fanioifs musical comedy celebrities. In
Now York the organization has been
alternating with tho othor Now Amsterdam Theatre Company.    The role of
Yvonne Sherry, described as ono of tho
most captivating prlmn donna conceptions In all tho realms of mimical Im-
nglnation will bo sung by dainty llttlo
Ethol Boll, a prima donna whoso most
recent lyrical hits wero scored ln so*
vornl  New York  musical successes.'
Waltor Catlott, a comodlnn who has
boon a Inughlng hit In many Important
metropolitan product Ions,,, will nppoar
horo-in tho loading low comody part
of tho plfoco, and of course thoro Is a
feminine chorus, • "Madame Sherry"
Is still nn overflow hit at tho Now
Amsterdam Theatre, Now York, whore
It has boon plnylng to steadily packed houses since late In Iho summer,
with nn advance snle so largo that nny
suspension of Its run before next Mny
Ir Impossible,     A specially enlarged
orchoBtra Ib nnothor frnturo of tho com
(No...31827) who claimed the* very,
handsome occasional'table; Miss Wallace (No. 31184) 'carried off the set
of hair brushes, nnd last, but by no
means least, Mrs?. Dewsbury taking,tho
remnining prize of a lady's leather
handbag, No. 31817 being the winning
number. ' ,    ■
The,five reel program was all thnt
could bo desired, embracing good
drnmn, comedy and topical happenings
nnd wo feel sure thnt everyone went
away perfectly satisfied.   ■    l
Turtle Mountain at Frank
Again in Limelight
As to Stability
„ It Is1 a fairly foregone conclusion
thai. th« Ornnrt Thf«ttr/> w'l} \<; or-n-'-'c,;
durlug tho engagement, announced for
October 25th of "Mndamo Shorry," tbo
sensational musical comedy succors to
be Interpreted here by'tho Carl Houch-
na—Otto Hnuerhach Now Amsterdam
Theatre Company, direct from New
York, whn-o tho production's success
Is the one big smashing musics! sensation of tho current season. Once
In maybe a score years a hit occurs
IH;*", that scored by this production.
Though but half a year old ln this
country, most of the airs of "Madame
Sherry" nro already popular numbers
In fcvery town and f\tf whore mnile Is
understood.    "Every Little Movement
Two Individuals named Pollnrd nnd
Fnlconer nttempifd a rough houso
stunt rit tho Paoaburg Hotol lnat week,
but Miey hnd roolwnoil without mine
host Diihcnn, who gnvo thorn a lesson
\„   t,uuii   .(l.KiliCd,   Uill>    jJliJiUiliiltUlt   liy
tho nprc!'.r,nrv xruuiiuutivul i,t';,i,.i),t,
and nftcrwnrdn O.K.'d by tho custod-
Inn of tho law. nccompanlod by a
charge of n fow conts over sixteen
dollars each.
By It. B. Chase
Thero hns just died In the- Concord"
Insane Asylum a man who woll illustrates both the Independence and "tho
growing prosperity of the American
This man was horn In New Hampshire* olghty-threo years ngo. Nature
gnvo him tremendous physical strength
and more thnn average montnl ability.
Ills schooling stoppod when ho wns 13,
nnd from then until lie wns 73 ho was
except for n short time, struggling for
an oxlstonco on the fnrm. TIo worked
first as hired mnn, thon as rontor, and
finally as owner, until advnnclng ago
compelled him to sell his mortgngod
farm. Then, for tho first tlmo ln IiIb
life, ho owned his own homo, but with
so llttlo monoy loft after paying for It,
(hat he wns nwor froo from fear of
Iho poor farm.
This man novor used cither tobacco
or liquor, nor' did ho ever gamble.
Work wo« his only dlsslpnllon, From
what ho told mo fllxteen hours woro
tho nvorngo for his workday during
fifty yoiu'ii of his Ufa.  In common with
many fnrinoi'H he wuh cheated out of
railroad stock In tho Chnshln? ilnll-
road by methods ns had, If not wow
Hum anything Myor«   hnR   uncovered
In othor sections of tho country.   Yot
tho money lost was bo small thnt It
would hnvo relieved him hut little, not
nearly ns much as a Ilorgor iienslnn.
And now ho Is dead, not In tho poor
farm an ho feared, but In tho Iiiriuhj
asylum, where   that   constant   fear
drove him. - onn,f. »»•..„ »-w ,.,;., „ ,,„ ., J(1/l4 ,„„.,
Somo may sny this Is nn pxcoptlonnl |i,iu frfttn ottnwo   thnt   the   reiiiMn
i:.itn;, pcruaim ft is, hut thero nro many
fanuor* who would be removed from
want nod constant fear of iho pool-
house hy even a small ponslon.
The world and its fullness belong to"
the class that' "are hostile to the strikers' cause. A'-very few always Intensely
patriotic and against thet union own
all the coal in the earth, and if necessary, can'1 freeze the workman to win
the strike, • ,
They not only can, but do.
If one only remembers'that property
rights are purely matters of convention, and that, tho rlglit to own the
earth depends simply upon the consent
of tho community, ns expressed In law,
it Is.cnsy to soo how wise the workers
must bo when thoy place everything
in the hands of a few and then depend
on brute strength to got back a small
portion or what should bo theirs.
Doth loglc-nnd history show thnt the
old-time method of striking has nbout
run Its .course, It Is Ineffectual, brutal
ond miiBsy ln tho extreme.
So-called rights of proporty miiHt bo
radically modified and changed before
much progress toward Boclnl Justice
can como, It Is high time that tho
workors get together to change the,
laws If they really hope to accomplish-
anything for Hil-iuhoIvoh and mank'nl.-
FRANK, Oct. 10,—Tho strikers all
through tho Pass nro very optimistic
at present; tho end of tlio Htrlko hociiih
hi sight,
There are only vwy fow mon who
hnvo broken away from the union nnd
gono to work, a fact which Is an Illustration of tho faithfulness of tho miners to each othor and io the prlnclplon
of Iho union, Up to tho present thoro
Ih vory little suffering, but If tho slrlko
continued suffering Ih certain, for
while tho union supplies onch of Its
members with a oortnln nmount of food
It Ir ImpoKslblo for Ihrmo with fnmllloH
to clotlin them warmly on tho moro
pittance thoy receive, Kury fair-
minded person must soo that tho strike
has only ono object—bettor pondlllonu
for tho men. Whether tho Htrlko fn
th wny to got It or not may ho a question, hut thnt hotter r-omlliloiin should
exist cannot bo quoHifnnod,
Tho man from Mors, wnnilorod, Into
a mammoth hall puckod with peoplo
who woro onirngeri In sucking tholr
ihnmbB and crying for mercy.
"Whnt's tho trouble?" nsked tho
man from Mars.
"Wo nre sold,' nnswered nn Ill-find
wrotch as ho blow on his fingers,.
"Why don't you put coal in tho
Btovo?" nskod tho man rwm Mnrs.
"Wo havo no coals."
"Hut. thoro Ih conl lu the ground.
Why don't you «n and dig II out?"
"It doos not belong lo uh."
"To whom doon It belong?" ;
"It bcliiiigii in a fow men."
"Woll. how pan It ho sppurod, thon?"
"It IllUnt l*i] UhikM, I'Ul W<! Iiuvu no
monoy with which to buy It.'
"You riiv that Individuals own tho
land, rantuliiuiK the ponl? How did
they got M" "
"Tlio lnw gnvo It ihem."
"Who made the lnw?"
\^V.»**   ...WW .
Thursday evening there was a largo
gathering of the Masonic fraternity as-
somhled In the lodge room of Elk
River No. 35 A. F A A. M„ for tho pur.
pose of welcoming the M, W. flrnnrt
Master, Francis .1. IlunI, on the occasion of his official visit.
Aftor tho usual <*romon!«'B     and
speeches by the brethren In ntton-
d/w«\ a sojoiini was made fo tho room
bolow, whoro amplo refreshments of a
matorlal charsclor w«>re Indul^od in.
In addition to a large attcndiwp* of
tho momhors of, the local lodgo «
'thoroughly ropro«enfntho visiting coi.-
Hss  a   Monnlnjr All Us Own," the j tlimnvt Trom the adjourning towns par-
tbemo song of tbe piece, has been Ajtlclr-ai-sd fn the fonctlon.
".lames," said his mother, "you <w
and ont, nnd never Room satisfied.
Horn Is one moro. helping of pudding,
hul It must ho Iho last."
James started an tho pudding with
-Onco upon a tlmo, Jnmei," wi«nt
on hli nwher, "there waa a lutk- Uo>
alio ate and nto until one dny ho ate
too much pudding, and he burst."
"There ain't no snob thing ns too
much pudding!' grunted .Tnmos, ns ho
flnlthfd Ms bflplng.
"Tfcofv mrin^ ho," haM h(j mother.
"or why did tho little boy burst?"
"Not enough lw»y," replied Jnmes,
and ho handed up his plato for * fifth
Ing peak nf Turtle Mountain would
soon tnko a slldo nnd thnt thr» town of
Frank wns In danger, much tinrasl-
ncsM was caused to tho residents of the
town. A* n reoitlt •< in«./- -:•,■.-.••' .
ollmhod tho mountain to leo the fo
crnoks that lie a good wny behind th
ponk, ami also had n meeting of tho
town culled, at whloh two or throo
prominent citizens (amongst thorn the
chairman of the town council) were
tliDM-n to go to Ottawa to nsk for a
"Wh.- ih.irt :■>) i.'.;i:,t :. I.4.1   n\\h
will lulto It away from il-Vm?"
"The rnnstltutlon won't lot us."
"Who mode iho constitution?"
"Out nncoHtors,"
''V.*,'.;    ,.',,u"    <><,.    >U4.o   1%    iiui.uui,
** "Tliat would ho Immoral."
"Who mndo tho morals?'
"Our nupontors.'
"What nro you going to do nbout
It?'Wed tlio man from Mnrs. flnnlly.
"Wo havo vent for a splrltunllst to
poo 1' he rjiTi't cot ur »ftWio ndvlrf- from
the    fioor
rommltto) of throe cnpnhlo men to In
voHtiKBto' nnd report to tho town their)our «noe«lor»." answered
decision, so that Jftho mountain really wrotch.
Ij dangerous tho people rnsy know It. { Kills O. Jones In Life,
The Pommtuslon arrived on Monday
Inst, composed of Prof. Mlllor, Prof,
fiaiuy, and Prof. Hniley, Tl»oy eiam-
lui.d lUu mountain nnd have pone
away again. We are all awaiting anxiously to hear fhofr report, though no
one really bellove* IJie moiintaiii 1*
going to fall. — Pinrher Creek Echo, j generally caught by ak-cp-walker*.
A trinity returned from tbe Pull
River country last Hunday, been hunt*
tng. Kht Have any game? Well,
I showM say so, 2 mooso, 4 gophers
totu of 'em was wearing a tall in his
haO and « moon calf.    This latter Is ~\ts« j..-**
•>* a',;1»>,rf%-.S-,
"'" - ~.5-
A Holiday        *
Love Story
By L. W. Grower. 7'
.,.   '   ■'■'%.-
"Do you like me, Flo?"-,
"Yes,' Bert, I like" you; but "will you
think of me when .jrou are back In
Edinburgh?" .    '"'  ';     #   '"  .   .'
"Ye,s, I will.    You are my only little
a sweetheart.'
Flo was the only daughter and pride
of her widowed mother in Carnoustie.
The poor woman had lost the most of
her husabhd's savings in a recent ,bank
collapse. But the girl possessed a
good pair of hands, and many a shilling came' into the house as the result
of Flo's nimble working of the needle.
While her father was alive, and after
she had left school, the girl for a time
attended dressmaking classes/ and
there gained a . thorough experience
which latterly she turned to account.
Bert Robb, for two or three years
had spent his month's holiday in Carnoustie along with her father—for his
mother was dead—and had become acquainted with Flo Nlcoll...   His father
carried on a prosperous draper's business'in a "principal,street in Edinburgh,
and he assisted in the shop.     He was
. a  popular  lad.   Of  about  twenty-six
■ years of'age, of fair complexion, and
a pleasing manner, he won the,heart
of many a pretty girl.   "
■   There was  one other  admirer besides Flo Nicoll.     Kitty Lee, his fath-.
,'er's book-keeper, and cashier, had a
, notion of' Bert.     Flo knew this, for
Bert had often told her of the ways
and means Klty had used to get hold
,.of him after shop hours.
"If'my;father objects to me keeping company with you, Flo, in preference to that favorite of his, then, dear,
1 will defy him. ' I would,find employment elsewhere, and we would stick.
.What do you think? And with you
as my wife and a comfortable home I
would feel as happy as a lark. What
more would I need?"
The two were sitting on the links
at Carnoustie., all' alone. It was a
.delightful August evening, and the lovers were cooing as lovers only can.
' ."But"don't be rash, dear,".Flo plead-
"ed looking up lovingly Into her sweet-
.heart's face. "We can wait a time
.yet, and your father may change his
mind.''  , , ;
"Never, Flo.   He's not the sort of
man to change his mind.    1 know him
. too well."
N"Oh, but don't be rash," the .girl con-
' tlnued, pleadingly.. Just for my sake.
And another thing, Bert, what would
my mother do? No, no, dear, we
could not marry for a time yet."
Bert was a chip of the old block,
however, and once K© had,made his
mind up to do a thing thero was no
■   turning of him. ,.
"I tell you what, Flo; we'll get married on the quiet. I have a good
few pounds saved up, and you will
continue for*a time staying with your
mdiher. Then, when I Bee how the
ground lies I can send for you both.
I will see.you are well provided for."
■"Oh, Bert, dear, don't tempt me so
as to accept your proposal. What
■would your peoplo say if they knew
'wo were'married? I would bo afraid
to reside any longer ln Carnoustie."
"Why afraid, dear? It is a free
country, and It Is qulto legal to marry
without all tho nuisance of publicity.
8ay you'll do It lovo, nnd wo will run
up to Dundee and get matters' fixed
A tear camo Into tho girl's eyo, Sho
was a true lover, and loved Bert well.
. "If you Insist on It, I must do It, of
course, but would you not hotter think
over it for a night?"
"No, Flo, I have decided to do It, nnd
I novor .turn back when I agree to a
thing. I love you and you lovo mo, so
Vint enre I for the world at lnrgo."
Tho hour wob approaching olovon nnd
aB the two rotio from tholr seat, nnd
.strollod over tho link and along Uio
street arm ln arm not a word further
wan spoken. The girl wns thinking
only of hor widowed mother—the hid
of the happy day when he "would call
Flo his.own. ---.-■
"i won't stay'then, Bert." she said
to her lover as they reached the7cot-
tcge, 'for mother will" be wearied in
the house all n'.ght herself." , v   '-
'A3! right dear," Bert replied, "pif'.nt.-
A kjss on "her rosv lips. " "Meet n\? p*
t'ift station to-morrow morning ai..lO;\
,inJ we'll spend a few hours in i* in"
dee, and ■•make all arrangements" for
our wedding next week. - Cheer up,
love, we shall spend many happy hours
So saying the. two lovers parted.
When Flo entered the cottage her mother was already in bed, and with a cry,
of "It's me, mother," the girl retired
to her own room for the night.
Flo was early astir1 next morning,
and when she related a story of going
to Dundee that day with Bert, the
mother felt quite pleased. She realized that the girl was a true daughter to her, "and did not in any way
wish to mar her happiness. Flo did
not,, however, mention the'proposal'of
marriage, for she had the hope that
Bert might' latterly accede to her request to leave the matter over for a
time.       -   ' „
"Why," she asked herself,' "should
Bert not inform his father, and then,
if refused permission, defy him. It
would come to the-same thiug," she
thought. •     '" ■
The two lovers met, as arranged, at
the station,, and took tlio first train to
the city. Bert called on an old college
friend of his, now" a solicitor in Dundee, and had everything arranged for
the wedding being carried out the next
No preparations out of the ordinary
were made for the auspicious occasion,
as they did not wish to "attract attention, and everything passed off quietly.
Flo's mother was taken into confi-»
denre. She weened biterly when her
da'ugthei told her of her intentions;
Flo was yet but a lass of only 22, ,and
as the mother said, could afford .to
wait a year or two.,"' • '■
' "Not that I want you to keep yourself down for me, lass" the' mother
said," "for I am a drag on you."7«'
."You are not that, .mother dear,"
Flo replied, taking her tenderly around
the neck with both arms. - 'Bert loves
you as.;well as I do, and-he "says he
will never let you stay alone.'• •■;
_HQh.'_my_ eir_l.!L ihe jyoman_siehed7
"After.all.'my. son has disobeyed my
erders, and married that orphan girl
in. Ca'rmouBtte. '7 This is a. terrible
blow.'   '"    ■■' \   , .v<   . .   ■ -^
' Regaining his strength, Mr.. Robb
fired at Bert with all his original fury.
He ordered his son out of the house
at once, and swore he would put every
penny past him.'       '   n . '   •.-..'■-
Fortunately,1 Bert had a good few
pounds saved up. He did not require
a second telling to leave the house.
Packing up his portmanteau, he made
straight for the Waverley Station, and
was fortunate in catching a north express. ,     , ,
Bert's father put himself Into a great
state over his' son's marriage. Kitty
was also grieved to learn of Bert's sudden departure. Kitty had, however,
been keeping company with,, another
young man in Edinburgh"; and but for
the fact that she had prospects of fall
ing heir to the prosperous business of
Robb's by marrying Bert, would have
accepted the proposals of Wlliie Johnston.
, Bert had a good run north, and arrived in Carmoustie a little after eleven o'clock at night. His young'wife
and her mother had already retired for
the night, so instead of disturbing
them Bert stayed in a hotel overnight.
His appearance next morning surprised .the two .women. • On seeing her,
husband, Flo realized that something
unpleasant had happened.
"Oh, Bert, . whatever's ado? * Has
your father been told about our wedding?" •    ' , '
"Yes, dear.' he replied with an'indifferent air. "I told him, and, of
course, paid the consequences. However, he'll be the first to rue it."
The girl and her mother seemed very
much distressd at Bert's action, but
as days passed on they-became more
composed.    ,    ;--        • , .
Bert had. written to a friend in Dundee inquiring after a situation, and was
preparing to leave for "the city when he
received a letter addressed, "Mr. Bert
Robb (of Edinburgh), Carnoustie/' It
was from one of his shop'companions,
and as he had learned that Bert book-,
ed for Carnoustie he risked the letter
finding'him.    '"
It was a startling letter. "Come on
at once, Bert. • That' girl Lee, is robbing your father. , She was away to
Glasgow on a two day's holiday with
the fellow'. Johnstone-ryou, know him
as he has not. been at work-since the
forenoon he" arrived back "from Carnoustie." 7 -,.77 ' ~\ .y, -'.•]■; ..','•,
"My" God,rVlof I must "go to, Edinburgh at once; but you come also, anil
I am certain my father will", speak to
you." '-"'".-j .:' ,'■>>      " . 7   . -"'-,-'--.';: ,.; •
- The girl dld^nbt wish to'brave the
Hon in his-den.tbut on the'ad vice ?of
her mother agreed*to accompany,her
husband.. „. Bert's father'" was, in bed
when'he called, and would have fired
at. his son had £e been, able: Flo,remained, outside,untii Bert^broke" tlie
news of-the cashier's ongoings.- -; ■
"Will that be true/lad?",Mr7Robb
inquired, Vand I had so,great.faith-In
her. 7 Get her books taken away arid
examined at once, Bert, and I'll forgive
you for the past."-     ,"■= -,,.   rr-'   ,-'
"But I have my' wife "with me,
father."    . .-   ■ %V   ^  "
< "Bring her in then, and she will keep
me company until you return."'-
It was a happy meeting between
young Mrs. Robb, and her',,father-in-
law. ' The old man inquired about the
girl's father and mother, nad was surprised to learn that 'Mrs. Nicoll was
a comrade of his late wife's whlie in
= <?-
Less Than One Per Cent.
of the Total Supply
Did It ovor occur to you to aunrmot your
kidneys as tlio causo of that dull, achy
fooling; across tho small of tho back, that
stiff nook o/ Boro miiHclos ?
It Ib a great mistake to dope ynursmf
to cure a Tot of Rymptoms liku neuralgia
and slight rhoumatio pains, as well as
(hat gonoral ly congostcrl stuffy fooling.
Got at tho root of tho trouble—tho
The way wc live nowadays .your kidneys don't get linlf a chonco. Thoy are
not sensitive and do not givo you pain
themselves, but when they quit work
for any reason, tho result shows Itsolf
in many ways—pain in tho back—stiff
muscles—littlo shooting rhoumatio pains
—stift neck—neuralgia and other things.
Those aro not serious in tlicm«olvc«.
but lin'V iiiUicavu ciiai- tiiu i-iUiiOJo JjicJ
prnnrnt nelji.
Tako Nyal's Stone Root Compound and
your kidneys take on new life—iho symptoms diFApptsr and danger ef dUbctct,
chronlo rheumatism and dreml Iiright's,
disease Is promptly averted.
Just test this out for yourself—that s
I ho only wuro «'«y—t ry ft vol" s Mono R oca
Compound, and notico how soon tbcuo
annoying symptoms will abato,
Nyal Remedies are tho best value ever
offered to tho publlo. Tho Nyal people
bad to convince us of tills first beforo wo
would offer them to our automcfi, and
this remedy wo know to be all they
clnim lor it. 7
For Knlc In Forme «n« nunrsntccd by
"it is only when you go into the world
t'-a; you realize how hui'd-a thing it Is
to battle this life's" journey. . Some
day your lover might regret going ag-
against his father's wiBl-es.".  ■     '■'
"Never, mother. '. Why should he be
compelled" to keep company with so
wicked a girl as his father's typist?
It is not fair, mother."  /
No more was said by the mother.
Bert informed her when next he callel
how he was to provide for her and his
young wife, and the widowed woman
offered him her best wishes for his future success and happiness,
Bert called upon his wife and mother
In-law regularly every day, all un
known to his father, and at tho end
of his. holidays returned to his shop
In Edinburgh, promising to take a run
through to Carmoustie for a week-end
the following Saturday.
*       *,       *'.       *       *        *
Kitty Leo wns the first to greet
Bert when he returned to work on tho
Monday morning^
"Woll, Bert, havo you had a good
holiday? I suppose you had a ripping
tlmo with that orphan girl in Carmoustie your.father told mo about?'
"You mind your own business," Bert
replied. ,
But his abrupt reply was only greeted by a sarcastic laugh, and tho remark,    "
"Your father will soon stop your
flirting nt Carmouatto, Bert, for ho
ls tired'of It, ho sayH."
Bert, however, did not speak further
to tho girl. He know within himself
that nothing could now part him nnd
IiIb denr llttlo Flo.
Kitty Irfio, ns hns boon slated, was
a particular favorite of Mr, Robb,
son. Her mother nnd Ron's father
wero old sweethearts, nnd until tho
dny thoy hnd a trivial qiuirrol — as
young lovors oftoii do—they woro look-
oil upon" iih fimiro mnn mill wife.
Kltty'a mother, not long after, Iwcniuo
ucqunlnted with a son rnptnln In Lolth.
and nn early marijiigo \vnn nri'iinged.
Mr. Robb, loo, soon uftor mnrrlotl, (nit
tho old lovers woro nlwnys closo
fiiondH. Therefore, the prolmblo mnr-
I'biKO of llort nnd Kitty wim oflen re-
ferrcd to.
"Why Ih It, llort," IiIh fnthor askod
one nlghl, "you wm.mii lo hIiiiii Kllty'a
company?     I am Rotting dono now,
ifUrf Hiuce I(UiL lust opeiniiijii, nnd 1
ir^.'.'.'J .';,>.«, Ui m.v juii tiuj iiiiiicii (Mi-
fore I pass away,     OH n move on at
'onro. my lad. and I will hnnd over to
| you both n tidy sum.   You nro my only
I Hon, nnd therefore 1 wish to hoc-   you
• but qulto cnpiible of managing tho bust-
jnesH, nnd Kitty knowo nil tho ouls-nnd-
Ins as well as mo,"
| "Novor, fnthor; I'll nevor wed Kitty
i U-o. Why should you ask me to
imnrrv mich n girl ns hor, whon I dnn't
jllke her. At nny rate, fnther, I am
"What J" raged the old innn, "married?"
"Yon, father. I may as well tell you
jufit now.     I was married quietly to
Flo Robb (n Dundee U«t week."
Th«t old mnn sat as if In a Mint.
;and~in7her. absence we discovered
her books .were very much wrong.
Must be hundreds of pounds. We
would like you to inform your father,
Carnoustie in their younger days. He
had heard his wife often speak about
a Jeannie Sprunt, who married an engineer named Nicoll.'but little did he
think he would some day*become acquainted with her in so'1 dramatic a
"Run down to.the Post Office,' Flo,
and wire, for your mother to come and
spend a week or two here. Poor creature, she'll be'lonely. .You and,Bert
had better stay here, and I'll give over
the .business to him." ,-'
i Bert returned two hours later, fuil
of excitement and notified his^ father
that (at least-£300 was missing, but
that his auditors would require another day to' find.out correctly, . Kitty
Lee learned that1 she had been found
out, and disappeared .along with her
sweetheart, Johnston, from the country. 'Whether or not she had' any, of
the money with her was not known. -,
"Well, Bert, after all, you can read
girls better than me, and,I am so glad
to welcome you and your young wife
to this home.,' I have sent for her mother, lad, and you can look' forward to
happy 'days."    ;-
The excitement of Kitty Lee stealing
the money'told on the already feeble
state of. Mr. Robb, and he lived- not
many weeks after. Flo's mother nursed'him,to the,end, and was left a tidy
sum in his will. Bert is now a, full-
flown proprietor, and when, they get
everything-lnto:, ship-Bhape again they
are to spend a day or two at Carnous-
t'w and recall the many happy nights
_they_ spent on the llnks__as_l.overa.    ■'
','If. every, courtship at Carnoustie,
Flo," Bert said, "has been as successful as our, the seaside burgh should be
a popular resort, for lovers."
• r - -     -. *k. -  ;■
A Great Awakening
And Its Causes
~ Last year the United States mined
501,596,378 short tons of coal or nearly two-fifths of the years's total production for the world., This coal-would
load a train stretching back arid forth
across the United States from the Atlantic to the Pacific 33 times—a train
approximately 100,000 miles long." Eleven years ago the United' States for
the first time surpassed Great Britain
with a production of 253,741,192 tons,
only a little-more than half of last
year's output. '. The mere," increase of
the coal output,;!of the United States
for 1910 over that of 1*909—40,781,762
tons—was greater than.tlie,total production of any foreign^ country except
Great Britain, Germany, Austria,'Hungary or France.       " .,    -
This increase alone was one and one-
fifth times as great as.the entire .production of the United States in 1870.
Excepting only Great Britain and
Germany, either of,the Slates of Pennsylvania or, West Virginia produced in
1910 more coal than any.foreign country.. For'.-the past seven or eight
10-year periods the coal production for
each decade has been about equal to
the entire amount of. coal'previously
mined in' the United^States. Thus in
Uie '10' years between 1885 and 1895
the production .was 1,586.098,641 tons,
while the entire amount of coal mined
prior "io 1895 was only 1,552,080,479
tons. In the 10 years-between 1895
and 1905 the production was 2,832,402,-
746 tons, while all the coal which had
been-mined prior to 1895 was-3,138,-
174,119 tons. .- ,-''."
Incredible as it may seem, -at .the
present,' rate of increase the ten-year
period between 1905. and 1915 will
show a production greater than all "the
coahminedin the United States'prior
to 1905. In 1850 the per capita produc
tion "of coal was a-,little oyer on&
fourth of a ton. , In 1870;the7per capita
production had increased to nearly, one
tpn; in 1890,it was 2%'tons; ,in"l900
population of 91,972,266 "the" production
wap nearly 5^ tons for, each person..
$Last year 725,030 men mined coaFin
the United States. • The great coal
production-record of 1910^ was made in
spite of a series of labor strikes participated In by 215,640 men. ,, The loss
in wage3 alone amounted, to' nearly
.The quantity,of coal used for making
coko In the .United States for metallurgical purposes was 52,187,450 tons.
This is -additional to !by-produrt7coke
produced ln gas"manufacture.:^- ■-,'-■'?*
" The total, productlon".of7coar in.'.the
United States' at^the close of 1910 was
8,243,352,259^ short tons^v This' "plus the
estimated, loss incideiitto mining makes .a? totai!eihaust'lpri,of :13,395,o6o.OOO
tons. ',- The - United \ States. Geological'
Survey estimates the original supply,6f
coal in the ground in tbe United States
exclusive of'Alaska'.at^3'076,204,000,-
000, '- This:-origtaad;:supply, less,the'
exhaustion at'the,close Of lSlOJeaves
an apparent supply's stllV avallajjle; of
;3,0621808,972,d00, tons: .99.6 percent, of
tlie .original" suppiy.'-jln other?.words,
in; all the time since Jcoal mining began'in the United States, the dra,ft
upon the original supply including loss
W mining,- has amounted'to:less than
one-half of one per cent. At the present,rate of production of approximately,, half a billion'tons a, year the coal
reoerve, of "the United StatesJ 77wbuld
therefore .last ,6,000 years.. At thie
the present.rate of Increase, in production, however, these three, billion tons
of coal, in the ground would last only
a few generations. *      V
It was somewhere between' the years
560. and' 564 B.C. that money ln the
form of gold and silver , coins came
into use tn Lydla, an ancient country
of Asia Minor. Croesus was the mon-
arch, who. Introduced the system.- of
coinage, gold being held as rimore; valuable In the proportion of three or four.
It - is' 'said- th'at'*Darius'-"of r Persia' Boon- ' *i-,.-, --
adopted". t^jK-idea'of.'such'a. medium as., -j't'-.v-v*
.H^impjp^^^ "«jyy-*.
"^Tbe\Gj^&;iW^^'lioir/.flrBt metal.'*'/'" " "
cpin7w'me'timo 'diving, the Wvehth een-J:
turyi BL" c;-!|?\And'.sthe. entire '.civilized ,
.wofidhhad-adopted.the''money system- .'^:.
ltf the7fpurth::;century7B.- 'Ci'-\\Up"to,A f y -]
the'j^eath of:'Alexander,' the Greek'coins0 /.>.■, *-i I
bore onC them' sae^^subj^tsLln'tho/i'^i'y ,
fonn'of.,some!deity7" Coins'of-Miletus 'V.K 7
bear allon.j-^ho'selof Eretria ahow^a • -' 7'--;
cow- and a ,sucklln£ calfKthose ,6f .Cyz-     ■ \ */
eus show a1, tunny .fish/; 7 All tbesV.were' - (.,',,
symbols, of/goddesses. >7-But coins, is- 7'vY "'-
sued underthe.omplro bear the imper-', 7 \
lal"bust'pri'-ono slde^andTsome,,sacred:.-,* J ,
«mbiein "on,7 the, other;    "Greek.^ coins ^ • '*■
have, ben ' of ;\Yaluable assistance, to
scholars Vln ."systematizing Greek my-"".-,
thoiogy/y^.^'^iy y-   ^.. • '.-";.
'Pasipri.bf Greece was' probably the'-
first man to develop, the idea of lending ,
money'at.ahlghrate of Interest.   He '
opened a house, (that'to-day would be7
called a.bank) at AthenB,'where money,
was loaned out on"Interest,.with good.,
security^ . He .started this, business ;
with .a capital If 50 talents ($50,000). "
Later he established credit for himself
at all centers of Greek commerce.
Thus   tile,"banking", system   came ',
into, vogue,   making   commerce   bet-, ■
ween different, nations   possible' -and
bringing about many .rich.industries.
Gold" always romalned-.the, most valu-,
able, metal,; and sliver was. second in
value./: Brass and copper,always appeared in.the shape of coins of small
value.,..- ,-'"   .■ .. '■'..' '". 7 .   •-■-•-•'.,
*y- -
he  managed  to utt«r.
Not desirous of gilding refined gold
or painting the Illy, wo here reproduce
without comment an editorial utterance from the Evening Mall of tyew
York, on September 25.
The world, seems to' bo approaching
a time of crlslB.   „Troublo looms every
whore—social, economic, political. ..
A World-Wide Unrest   .
In Britain the labor unions seem to
havo mastered the. art, of tho universal
strike, and tho nation trembles, awaiting the next upheaval. Spain and
Austria have proclaimed martial law
as tho result of widespread riots—-In
Vienna riots ovor the cost- of bread,
In Spain riots that seem to bo tho preliminary of a Boclal revolution. Franco
riots against high prices. Norway's
army Ib mutinous.. ' Tho sword and
flame of terrorism aro abroad again
ln Russia. In America business complains that Its, wheols aro stopped by
hostile legislation'.
What does It allmean? What Is going to happen?. Aro we on tho verge
of some great step of progress, or are
wo approaching a tlmo of anarchy and
public decadence?
Men will answer tho quostlon according to their prepossessions, Rut
snmo things nro certain. Tho toilers
of tho world, tho wngo workers, nro
dnlly drawing nearer to tho lovor of
political powor, boc'aiiHO thoy havo at-
tnlnod tho knowledgo which Is tho
soiirco of nil power, lint It Ib not
they who hnvo wrought tho ohnngo.
Tho contrallxntlon nnd consolidation nf
capital, Invented In tho grout Industries nnd commerce, hnvo contrnllsod
lnbor, Instructed It; solidified It and
socialized It. Public schools nnd libraries hnvo so taught the workers
thnt how It Is thoy who rend tho books
of sociology and economics, rather
thnn tholr .moro preoccupied employers.
Alt   4<t<v   "•*!«   K>l'l"Hl   III   OtIUCHUUII,
!).'<- 11't-jJ.fji 3,'MW' u']r;i,wil Ut rcttiH.-
menl. and tholr needs nnd aspirations
hnvo lwromo Imporntlvo. Along with
tho upward rush of tho stnndnrd of
living thoro linn gone an Intense do-
a tremendous growth of ambition, It
Is capital Itself which has, brought the
workers of the world to tbo point
whoro they feel themselves rendy lo
burst the bends that hnvo held thorn.
Tho world's "unrest" Is the malaise
of the snake that has grown until he
hnnwH that hla old shin must bo
sloughed off- Within tho old Intogu
ment the creature feels a new and
shining skin waiting for tho light.   Ho
how will Its throes affect tho world?"
There Is the rub. We do not welcome
the transition. Riots, Btrlkes, panics,
the griping want of economy, reaction, nre not pleasant to look forward
to. The unrest Ib not immediately reassuring. It behooves every citizen to
bo steady. Let ub 'keep,, our heads
cool," our hearts kindly nnd hopeful
and our hands busy, and strive to save
the state nnd society from the worst
disturbances.—N. Y. Call.
vMtlture   that   Is   within his   rusty,
time-worn exterior.   He will havo no
The words would scarcely leave his rent until ho has mado tbo change!
Tragedies of 8lums
NEW YORK, Oct. 2.—Tho recent report of tho Association for Improving
tho Condition of tho Poor Indicates
greater poverty this year than a year
ago. Tho numbor of families needing
relief, at iho present tlmo Is reported
greater than nt the samo tlmo last
year. Of tho 1,503 families ln tho association's care this summer sickness
was tho poverty In 081 cases, or 45 por
cent, Intemperance .cnusocO only a
triflo loss thnn 2 per cont of the-canes,
This is considered oxtromoly slgnlfl-
cant. Unemployment was tho second
most Important coubo, with a'porcont-
afo of 25, Insufficient Incomo led 12
por cont lo Hook 'relief; death and no-
cldont woro cnoh responsible for 2 per
cent, nnd In 1 per cent non-Bupport nnd
old ago wero tho causes. Other' contributing eiiHOH wore Imprisonment,
flro, mental deficiency, Immorality and
A caso, bik|dor, possibly, than n gron^
many others, and which illustrates how
some worthy famlllos nro enst Into
misery hy n cruol fnto, occurred hero
tho other duy, , A wood' rarvo'r, who
hnd 11 wire nnd eight chlldron.waB laid
off during the slack summer season
<»f«i lot (iircv weens Irion in tain to
Jlfld lu-j-Ji, uh hiuiiU mi'luKx irtiv.'
soon "\infi) up, and his family woro at
tho point of starvation, whon the fac-
lory whoro ho had boon employed
Htnrtod work ngaln and ho was naked
'-'  •'.,•,,,',  ,'m;   'iil>*'»..       Tut.tU  'li Ail ¥,k<,<t>i.
happiness In thnt family tho night before he wont bnck to work. Ho hnd
Hcnrcoly been at work bnlf on hour,
when his hand wns caught in tho machinery and torn to shredi. Tho In-
Jured man wns first taken to the hoi-
pltal, where his band wns amputated,
nnd then he wns sent homo. Tlio nc-
tUU-nt ■which disabled tho.mnn shattered all hopos of tho family, and his wire
and family tried their best to cheer tbe
is coRitcous of the moro splendid In- head of tbo family.    Towards evening
bo went out for n walk, but weakened
from loss   ot   blood and Insufficient
• ... -vHEAD OFFICE, TORONTO. ''.     \ .
Capital Authorized ....   $10,000,000   Capital'Subscribed ..     .6,000,000:
.Capital Paid Up ;.;.:y    6,944,278,. Reserve. Fiiijd 7..'... J,; 5,944,278/
'     r    D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT-JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres7
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
• Irvterest 'allowed on deposits at current' rate from, date of deposit. ,;7V
FERNIE BRANCH"■ l    7 GEO. 1. B. BELL, Manager .
'MANY'.FEET/ , " '   :    V,'"*""'.
OF*LUMBER ;7 ' -" '-7'  7.7-
'are," wasted when it,.ls. not of
'  first-class quality.^'. Knpts'and-
knotholes, soft apotB,-etc., are
.paid for Justine "same.      -   ".
OUR   LUMBER , '." $7
can be used. -I -We select It so;
' carefully;that all "culls'» are re-.;
moved, leaving' only first class
serviceable stuff for, your use;:.
Practice real economy by.,.-buy- ,
lng your,; lumber1 here.  ,  ~
♦ *♦*
:.*'♦'*.-•! ¥♦¥♦¥♦* ♦'* ♦ * ♦ *;♦ ¥ ♦'.¥ ♦ ¥ ♦.^ ¥ ♦ * ♦ *♦-* ♦¥,.♦ *'
Perhaps we -nny nil rcjolre In the
change when   It  Is  completed.    Hut
nourishment, ho collapsed on the street
nnd died beforo a physician couM bo
...... , .—     i
4 m. a. Ksstner Livery Of Cartage fj.}
r Joe Grafton Georgs Barton "a
* ■—.„   » , '      ▼
* — »■—""—■-" ' -■— 4
w        Hardware Professionals ■ f
*•' J. D. Quail , DENTISTS  % n      „ * *
^ Trites Wood • 0r« B*rb«r *
* J. M. A0nsw A Co, Kike. LAWYERS ♦
* 1 .___>_»_«__—-———— Ress, McDonald and Lane w
* Sewing Machines Eckstein a MoTmo«rt„ J
# Wm. B«rt*n. Laws A Flsbar ^
* I I : m J    *
,                  ^                                 ".       0          ■   '. ■' 1 ' ."v   "              '                ' '                .'     '   '     '    '    \
j Spend   YdUt' Money  with   These
General Merchants
„. -Trltes-Wood Co.,
y    y> 'i '    '   .
Crows Nest Trading Co,   '
.''.,   Philip Caroselln                              '■ ''  .
y   ( 1 in      ■
Weber's Store, Ltd, ■•          ,■>*''
Your Bank Acct,
<              .               it
( Bank, of Commerce ...
Bank of Hamilton.  -
Home Bank'
■  •         ■1'              .,
1                 ImperlaUank
Lumber Supplies y
1              Kennedy' A Mangan    ^ '_
Fernie Lumber Co, 1    "   •
■'    '    r \        "  ''
Butchers,   <
"41",Mirktt Co,                     „*!
'Calgary Cattle'Co.
Billiards and Pool
W, Ingram," Club Cigar Store,
Dairy            .    '
Fernie Dairy , iv
1                                     y
*      Wines & Liquors    ;.
Pellook Wine Co,
P. Carosolla.                  (    *
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel N
King Edward Hotel
Fernls Hotel
Central Hotel
"Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Colsman.,
" Royal Hotel, Nelson
How to travel     y '
Over the dreat Northern1
, ,        Oyer the^C. P. R.   ;,
Second Hand Store
O. Radland                         .'      ''
When you're dry
Mutz Extra'
Real Estate
C. T. Ly:.-5
M, A. Kast'ner
4    *                                                   1
Livery & Cartage
Georgs Barton                          T'
J. D. Quail
Tritei Wood
J. M, Agnsw A Co, Elko.
DENTISTS  %         fi     ., *
, Or. B«rb«r
Ross, McDonald and Lane
Eeksteln A MoTiggart,
Law* A Flsbar
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton. .^-.^v-yr.'-^BSr--.
'.,- Perhaps; there .'is-7no Socialist "con-
, tention .so strenuously "denied'as'.that
7 the*'wages, of .labor .under capitalism,
are ■ on the wholer equivalent1 to- the
"-.;•   subsistence of the laborer, and that, the
-,< labor power of the latter .ia.to.all- In-
". : tents and[purposes a .commodity and
, subject to the laws governing commod-
•'*, ities.y'.To' admit ,6uch;-an7assertlon'
'"■ simply puts out of court all those beau-
.'       - j. ' 'j . ^ :
,. tlful- sermons anent the »virtues of
• -1'thrift and saving and'frugality;'.which
;" for. the last century" and more have
,'        ' ''   M . ' ^ ** '.,'V
, ,beeiv preached to the workers.as the
only, method of becoming wealthy.'
Butthat these preachments are solely intended for the ears of the credu-'
» lous workers' isjevldent enough1. ■■ One
has but to turn/to the'flnanclal jour-
,   nals to find that between" themselves,
■v .'the capitalists scorn! these puerilities
.'• and admit up to-the hiitthe Socialist
.  view of labor "as a;commodity.   '.
-  .". In a recent issde of the Boston News
y Bureau, a financlarorgan from which
■ we have quoted.several,times; we have
7-an-excellent illustration of this fact.
7 A-disgruntled corespondent writes,to
, the editor saying.that he agrees that
j "labor should be liquidated''—by, which
- is "rp.eant-that .wages should -beYre-
,_. duced.' but "that first an'cnd' should .be
'7put'to all the "miserable'little''asso-
■,. ciattons, combinations and.trusts',,both
y local- and national? which control .'all
■• the.-necessities of life,,'and., maintain
■•". prices af'ah' exhorbltant level,Vlrres-"
1 pectlve of the law of suppiy7and.de-
mand.' v 'These^ he.declares,-•'Include
! ' the 'Meat and' W&len^trusts-.!-'. The
; price of every 'article, he'continues; con
7 trolled by .'monopoly,' is/Jto^day. higher
than It was before'thejrnonopoly' was
\- formed,. In spite"of .'all the,7 great sav-
,. lng :ln: overhead- expenj9es.V-.~iHe, de-
.mand's'"ltquldatlbn:': In'"tne"; prices of
•■-meiint .'and-food, /then','1.he   declares
. ^liquidation' of labor will .naturally fol-
7" low, business will revive and p'rosperi-
,ty return agalri.-   y yy    ';'" 7,"
^yAnd^thls is'part of the'an'swer—the
^essential 'part "also;;.whlcb the editor
7^of the Boston  News]Bureau  hands
■ ;hirh": :'.,_   '7° •'> 'y-y'. . ■'- --7 y'; -
> ."' "When,will people get'it * through
their heads-that., the cost, of .living is
The":cost of the food'oinyour' table is
-. ('principally the-labor to get .it'there.
' The cost of the .clothes on your -back
"  is principally Iholabpr from the.'shep-
.," herd right down to the tailor. . ■
-; - "The; cost, of living throughout' the
.world has advanced about 30 per. cent.
Labor in the last ten' years has like-
. wiv  been advanced,,at least 30 per
'. cent, but the demand for leisure, for
' .essened' hours o? labor, for improved
,. conditions and for luxuries has advanc-
. ed far more' than 30 per cent." -
- Tho editor thea goes,on to say that
the trusts have Increased efficiency ln
' production1 enormously,' biit have' not
been ab.e to reduce the price of goods
„of late because of, the cost of labor
and taw material—tho V| latter   being
mostly labor also. \ '
.   Liquidating labor la' slmplya -method
of reducing the cost of living, he con-
. tlnucB, and concludes wljh tho following exordium to,hls corerspondont:
"If you think you understand tho
economics of. supply and -demnnd,
please reason a little concerning tho la
hor trust'and'the laws' of mipply and
demand ns applied to labor, nnd see
where,you'bomo out. -. -Would you, uu-
dor tho law of "supply and demand, reduce tho wnges of labor when thoro is
nn abundant supply?,;
"Got It Into your head that tho cost
of living Is,nothing but tho cost,of
'.wages. , With ovory country, In ovory
place, tho lower, the wago-ocnk, tho
lower tho cost living. ' In ovory city
and cilmuto as,woll ao,In ovory country ln the worln, the higher, tho scnio
of wages,,tho higher thoicost of living.
Tho' thing works In clrclo and over
' tho ages tho thing should work, upward
for tho olo'vntlon of mankind. Rut
whon tho labor trust readies out to
tho so-called Monoy Turst and tho
alleged Industrial Turst, and demands
more..than "can- be paid/,human pro-
press 'Is 'stayeaV'for'.a time,-■ until the
battle,-is fought out,• and-"there Is,a
readjustment ;"and7reco'ghltion. not' of
the right of,one side,,but of the rights
of. botir sides"."*. '. -:.A "_'.;-''.-'■"','''
The above -is an:exc'eedihgly' inter-
esti'ngexample of- how 'candidly one
capitalist, speaks to another-on "the
question' of 'exploiting the workers,"' A
brief glance at' the' admissions and
conclusions of the writer may be of
some lvalue." "',''-■
• First—There • is, -the aaraisslon. that'
all wealth'-'Is produced by labor." Second—That the cost "of! living is'tiie
cost of labor—which is tantamount to
saying'that'the worker gets just enough to .live oh,", as a reward for his
labor. t;''Third—That;.all above this
is rent,, profit and Interest.' which are
produced by labor,.but which go to
people ' who produce1 nothing—people
wl:o merely own', the'means of'produc-
tlrn, - In>horC this capitalist writer
riot only endorses but insists on the
•Merxlan theories of;labor value anil
surplus value, and wants to know when
hli'-correspkdent .will be able, to get
those truths into his head. 'He says
not a word of the ability of the capitalist; "though probably' he. is amongst
those who would assist ih importing a
Mallock here to destroy Socialism.''
. But though" these admissons are can-
dd enough; the conclusion from thern
are peculiar "in that they display >ow
inUtest can 'warp' judgment;'.. ;That
the writer. Bhould assume the eternity
of the wage'system, of course,--may be
passed over as natural 'enough.'5 ' The
logic, however, is curiously .warped,'
. If wages/Is the. cost of living and
"liquidating"" labor Is simply "a "method
of reducing tnp, cost :of" living, as he
admits, then Is,not .reducing the .cost
of living 'equaily'fa'.melhod of liquidating labor as his'„correspondentsays?
Why. should labor liquidate first?1 It
is easy .to -see ,why this is.'inslsted'on.'
By, the latter, method profit Is lost,Instead of gained; by the'former,.profit
:—and additional-, profit,, too—, .can be
sained. « Re'dupe.wages first.and aie-
du'ctidn of'the.co'st.of.iivihg.'wili slowly, folio w.l it" i's not difficult'to under;
stand- why the; capitalist, insist, on,'the
reduction being first applied to.yagea."
\V-Wouid you reduce, the wages of la-
bor^heii^here'is^'aBundant supply?T
he inquires from his correspondent/naturally assuming' that • an affirmative
answer, miiBt be' given, y But? hV himself admits that the'trusts.have enor-
if,he werp. met';w(th the counter qu«s-
|lon,- "Would,-you reduce .the,.price of
the;necessities of,life when there was
an abundant "auply ?' his repliy. would
bo "By/no means. If If can.be possibly
avoided; 7 Reduce theIwages" of labor
firsthand then the'Vrices of commodities will fall afterwards." ' . >.,)
, Equally .dlslrigenious ls the aspiration that what "workes in'a'circle"
should ultimately work upward for the
benefit of mankind. It ls mi 'admission of an uncenslng class struggle botweon, workman nnd capitalist over tho
product of labor, and thnt'somehow
the capitalist, It Is to ,bo hoped, will
always get tho best of tho conflict.
When labor demands' more wagos than
capital can pny; then, ho says, pro-
gross Is stopped, wo don't travel round
the circle any mo'ro, forgetting his
previous declaration that wagos nnd
tne cost of Hying are'tho somo thing,
and that it follows therefore ,that nny
wages can bo paid and the coBt of living "raised to balance It, Wo don't
qulto «eo why "progress should slop
nmnlng nroiind tho clrclo whon such a
porfoct balance, is availablo botwobn
wagos and cobI of living,
• But,'of course, it doesn't stop progress" whon tho capitalist Insists on tlio
worker nccoptlng n'wago that lio carl-
not ltvo upon,.
, Th© economlo oroed of thia apontlo
of exploitation eooms to' bo that there
Ib ono nover-fniling panacea always applicable for tho restoration of capitalist prosperity, It can bo summed up
in tho words, "Reduce tho wagon oT
labor."~N ,Y. Coll.
v"   " .,     By Victor, Daley   '-„-'■/.'".-
.The Woman at the Washtub,^ ,, f :'
"She works till fall'"of-,nlgnt;{ y,'!'
With soapi and-suds and "soda*;' y
'Her hands are wrlnkled'v'whlte.'      .;'.
Her diamonds are the sparkles 7  '
-•'The copper-fire supplies'"/*^-.
Her opals "are the bubbles,.yy ' j= '
.".That from the 3Uds arise. '-,/-''
The Woman at the Was'htub "'•" 7 ;
. Has lost the charm of youth;'''    "
Her'hair is rough and" hoinely?
' Her figure is -uncouth;.,7y   ' 7-7"
Her temper is like thunder, 7 7,
, With 'no "one she agrees-r)-
The 'children 'of the alley'5 ' '
They cllngaround^herknees.-
,.   -..->J . o -      •"     -.-.'   .;■■<•-
The Woman at the Washtub,
She, too7had her romahce;"
There was a time when lightly'   9
.Her feet .flew" in' the dance.,
Her. feet were silver swallows,
' Her lips were flowers of.fire;
Then she was Bright and Early   .   ...
-The Blossom of Desire.     '
O Woman at the Washtub,    '^
. And do you ever dream     ""
Of all your days gone by In .
Your aureole of steam?
From birth till we are dylng\
You i> wash our sordid dudsj'
0 Woman,'of the Washtub,,       .7
0 Sister of the Suds!
,/ ' ■ ■       - *   «•
One night I saw a vision,-
TTiatvfilled;my soul with dread,
1 saw.'a;Woman washing
-The grave-clotheB of the "dead;     ,'
The dead were all the living,      ,'     ■
'.And dry were lakes and meres,'
The. Woman-at the Washtub-(.     "'.
■ Shp washed them with' her "tears.
I saw a line with banners
", ,Hu,ng'forth In proud array-—
The-banners of all.battles' .
"V From"'Cain.1 to Judmerit • Day.' .,
And they were stiff with slaughter
"And blood,' from hem to hem.
And they!: were Ved with glory,
'  And she ."was washing them.
-7'Who" comes forth tb the'Judgment,
''And who .will, doubt my plan?"
"I come forthtto the Judgment
And;for„,the. Race of-Man.
I rocked.hrmlri.;his-cradle,   -.   '   •
; I washed hlm'fbr'.tlie tomb, S ,- „   '
I,claim his soul arid'body,
And Iwill.share.his'dooiri."'    "
■From "Wine and Roses."
THE, AWAKENING'OF-" 7     *        <
7    '';*''•'•' . 7,-^THE PROLETARIAT
u^rm ^%j M""1 A tt&j^
b a protection and guarantee
against alum which is found in
the low priced Baking powders.
To be on tho safo tide when buying
baking powder, examine the label and
take only a brand shown to be made
from Cream of Tartar.
■ Extraordinary "gains in union membership are reported from. Great Britain as still another result of the recent
strike of the .transportation workers.
Nearly 200,000 non-unionists have joined -the 'organizations In- the principal
cities and seaports during the past
month, and'it is believed that this num
ber-wlll be" still further augumented
during the'next few weeks, when the
arbitration boards submit their awards
Moreover the non-unlonlsts are coming
to understand that the organized men'
mean' business, and the latter openly
and frankly declare that the recent
national-strike was' only a forerunner
of-what Is coming, The nbuse that
the capitalist papers aro heaping upon
tlio "radical and socialistic labor leaders'* Is also .having a good effect upon
the unorganized toilers. ' Some of the
London papers are bemoaning the Bad
fact that Tom'Mnnn and Bon Tlllott
havo more powor and Influonco among
the', working class than Premier As-
qulth or Chancellor Lloyd-George, and
thoy are wondering "what all this revolutionary Bontlmont. will load to."
Foar Is expressed that tho noxt labor.
war1 will bo declared In the mining industry and-that It will bo oven a greater and,moro dangerous revolt than waB
that of tho transport workers. ■Officials ,of tho minors nro attempting tb
keep, tho. rank and file In check, but
tho latter are clamoring lo strike nnd
mny dump somo'- of the lcadero overboard. Tho radical officials among
tho "miners declare that If a goiiornl
strike Ib ordered British business will
bo paralyzed In, ton days. "
The Real Victory
Tho really big triumph whb that of
tho workors ovor themselves — ovor
tlulr narrow craft Ideas and customs—
and tholr recognition of tho principles
of organization and action along Industrial linos and tho powor ot oIubs
Tho mass strike In Great Britain,
In which upward of half a million
workors woro lnvolvod, was unquestionably ono of tho greatest achlovo-
monts of organized labor on tho Industrial field In tho history of tho labor
movomont.—Max 8. Hayes.
Explaining the Reasons
For Recent Killing in
The Liberal Party
■ The election' is' past. The Tory
party after 15 years in opposition has
been,, returned to power.' , No greater
surprise has been sprung upon the electorate of Canada. Tories agreed
with Liberals-that, the Laurier admin-1
istration would .be sustained, and
when the news 'of disaster "came it
caused consternation among party Liberals. Sympathetic Radicals also experienced keen regret in seeing the Government defeated upon such an issuo
It had been felt that the Liberal party
was comfng back to its historical position on behalf of freer trade. • ,
The causes of defeat may be briefly
stated as follows:
1. The Canadian Manufacturing Association.
2. The banks and. money power..
3. Allied raiiway interests.
4. The loyalty cry and imperialism.
75. Deference paid during past- 15
years to protected interests by the Liberal party and the consequent cessation of the party to educate the electorate'to expect and demand fiscal
; The- British and United States
Pharmacopoeias, two "of the greatest
medical .hooks;of authority, state that
the active principal of FIGS is a valuable",- LAXATIVE , remedy in the
treatment, of all KIDNEY, LIVER,'
STOMACH and BOWEL disorders.
y FIG PILLS  .'■
Contain the active-principles of FIGS
combined with other valuable medicaments - which constitute,. them / the
best remedy for the above ailments.
Ar. all dealers, 25 cents per box, or
The Fig Pill Co., St. Thomas, Ont.
Hereafter aliens applying for naturalization will havo to obtain the
owprn statement of two natural-born
Canadian subjects ns to applicants
having compiled with the requirement*
of tho act, In place of tho former custom of a declaration toy tho applicant
Mono. .       -
Judgo Lnmpraan, of Victoria, „ has
Issued tho now order, which goes Into
force at onco,, Tbo old rule provided
that an applicant for naturalization
could go boforo a notary and make
his duilaraUou tlmt ho had been three
yoara In tbo country, but under the
new order tbe oaths of two others are
required nnd the applicant when the
matter, comes up before tho ,court,
must attend In person, or bo ropre-
ucntcd.by tbo autkitlsuxl oMtUl who
grants tho applicant, a certificate of
"^To/understan'd-the last clause it will
be necessary to reyiew briefly the econ
onmic history of Canada.
, During",the period 1854-66 Canada
enjoyed,'great' prosperity . in trading
with the United States under a reciprocity treaty of that time. In 1866
this was canceled.by the United States'In retaliation,, updn Great. Britihi
for her::8ympathy-with the Confederate ".States during the Civil War.* ,
From 1867" to.' 1878 a tariff sf from
10 to 17%7pef; cent was in force. Fiscal
depression ..during" this period was almost universal. In 1878 Sir John A.
MacDonald and the -Tory party over-,
whelmed7;the >=Liberal Government of
Hon. - AlexanderVMacKenzle,, on, a'
policy of "high protection which'.afterwards came/to be' known as the,- "N.
P." .or'. National Policy. During 18
years of opposition the Liberals under
L^m'lelrtndTSIr^Rfchard" Cartwrigh't
gave Protection- uncompromising opposition. -' ■ The classical speeches of
these; men-in denouncing "legalized
robbery" are read" to-day by Freetrade
Canadaihs.' ,-■.'..-.'
Upon the ac^ssion^ of the Laurier
Government to1 power in 1896 a preference of 25 -per cent (latterly increased to 33 1-3 per cent.) was put upon
British goods.' This done the party
forgot itsvfree trade policy and became
a tool of "the Interests. Many Liberals revolted' and their movement came
to a head ih the Grain Growers' demand for tariff reduction and ultimate
Free .trade. Ther early speeches of
Liberal leaders were quoted against
them-wlth great effect.' The proposed
Reciprocity pact wns tho,first result
and "on. many platforms wo heard the
same ringing denunciations against the
mighty which characterized Liberal utterances ,ln opposition , days. . The
farmers* loaders stated clearly ' that
thoy wantod Reciprocity to demonstr-
nto their1 willingness to dlsponso w'th
tho lnat vostlgo of tariff which wus
ostensibly for their .benefit. , This,
tliey assorted, would bo followed by a
general cnmpalgn ngalnat nil tariffs.
Tho'farmers wore also donounclng the
railway monopolies nnd tho hanks.
Those Interests nil took alarm and
mado common cause In fighting tho
Government. Tliey argued that If tho
farmorB could forco tho hnnd of. tho
Govomment ln this ono thing, tholr or-
gantzation was dangerous; lionco tho
government hnd arrayed against It nil
the forces monoy nnd prlvllogo could
Monoy waB,>Bpent llko wator. Tho
"old flag" was waved, tho annexation
bogoy roBUsclt'atod, tho hatred of Yan
clals Invoked, and a special appoal to
tho English or Brltlnh-born voter was
mndo. Emplro, flag, king, country
and that high-sounding phrnso "fUcnl
indopendonco" woro emphasized by the
oxhorters for spoclnl prlvllogo, Tho
peoplo did not know thnt Robinson
Crusoo was tho truo type of man fiscally Independent. This was tho fault
of tho Liberal pnrty. Yoars ago' It
had glvon up Its campaign of education
on behalf of fiscal freedom, nmr tbo
campaign addressod to nnrrownnss,
provincialism, pnHslon nn'tl prejudice
swept tho Government away. In do-
t*t\t T.-*<irli<- nHffflrM »*ior!tp:l VC'"!l;'.'
tion for th« fifteen vflnr* he hnd permitted tho lntoroHts to urgo tholr cnmpalgn whllo ho made no counter campaign -- Indeed, In many cases bocamo
their woll-lntentloncd but misguided
Only a few things aro plain. The
Tory party Is Inevitably to bo tho handmaiden of tho Interests; tlio alliance
Is Irrevocable. It was mado by tho
Interests, nnd tho party must now
stand and deliver tho goods,
Governrn<niiK In Canada when onco
seated ln power nre hard to dislodge,
Nothing Is more tenacious than the
politicians 1 grip of office. Fifteen
or twenty yoars will no doubt elapse
before the Tories aro drlvcm from
power. .-...,'.. „li ....
Many of us In tbo meantime look for
a dUUuU Uu« ot ilottvagv beiwewi
the Ksit and tbo West. Ontario re-
turnod only 13 Liberal membors out of
86 seats, The farmers say the manufacturers of that Province regard the
farmers and consumers of the West
as a specinl preserve where they may
fatten. This campaign of restriction
dictates to the farmer both where he
shall sell and buy. If I judge aright
the temper of the people of the West,
they will not lpng consent to be driven
into ,a stockade and corralled for the
benefit of Interests.
■ The hope of> the West Is hi its increase of population and, representation in the House of- Commons at Ottawa. The Decennial census has just
been taken. This will give the West
an "increased representation ■ of 20 or
25 members: The American population
too,, will flock to the standard of democracy and freer trade. ' But at best
It will'be a long, slow,-battle. The
war between democracy and privilege
will, however,'.be^carried on. and
though the road be long those who
have the courage to'tread it shall reach
the "goal.     '    ' ■ 0i
0 The reverse -will not.deter our peculiarly Western movement toward democracy. The farmers are determined. Many young men In the cities
are at one with them. We believe
the tendency of the East toward dictation will accentuate Western radicalism. The movement for free trade,
Bingle.tax and-direct legislation' will
go on'.with unabated vigor.
-,If .the East is domineering, a few
year's will witness the growth of tremendous annexation sentiment in the
West. ■, Already I have heard expressions of It. • The growth of a distinctly '-Western , community supplemented
by Amerlcan'immigration may In a few
years ^reverse, the - complexion of affairs.' '. This anti-annexation campaign
with-: its ■; momentary' success may at
last defeat' its own purpose; it may
at.th'e idea into advocating it.—Robt.-
L. Scott," in The Public. ' 7
If there is money owing to you by any.
person, or firm, in Canada, or the Untited
States, make out a draft against them and entrust it to the Home- Bank for Collection.
The draft will be promptly'presented for payment and the'amount collected will be paid
to you without' delay. The,.Homo Bank has
Branches and Connections throughout Canada
and correspondents everywhere • in the United
States. . ,
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.
Pemie Branch.
The . Problem, of the  Unmarried  Wo-
,man In' Large Cities
Is, the unmarried'woman worker in
larger' cities destined to remain so, and
why? .        ;    '''*■. .' ''''*   ■
The" 'question ls raised in an Interesting,1 and anonymous novel just
brought out, "The Autobiography of a
Woman Alone." The publishers say
the bookjis'not a novel at all, hut .the
true story of the woman who writes
it. This Ib her startling arraignment
of the abnormal "conditions which she
nnd her follow workers have to face:
"There are thousands of womon in
New"York who, for all tho social opportunities they have, might ns well
be 'stranded on a desert island.
"Of course, for many woman romance doos bud In city streots ns woll
as In country byway. But there are
many other womon for whom tho moment never comes,
"In New York nnd Chicago the machinery of life ls more complicated
than elsowhore on tho continent; tho
commercial spirit dominates,'artificial
standards aro sot iip. Every condition ot city llfo militates ngnlnst cIobo
acquaintanceship, and for a young
girl who has no relatives or friends
to smooth her path nnd mnlto hor acquainted with doslrablo men nnd women, to como tp tho metropolis to
onrn hor living ,)s a desperate experiment,
Chances Are All Against Her Happy
, Marriage
keott Innnto ln tho bronsts of provln-f   "b"° taay marry happily,'   But un-
Capital   Pal'd   Up     $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets ...' ',. 40,000,000
, The Bank of Hamilton has ■ mado
saving simple—by eliminate gall unnecessary Bank formality.
An account may be opened with the,
deposit" of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act as an incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
fto a sum worth while.
Head Offices
- , *   .     ■
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
,j£?Wi I
Joe Grafton
B. C.
dor such conditions as I hnvo wt
down hero, especially If hor employ-
ment hns thrown her pntlroly among
womon, tho chnhcos nro all against It.
"Is this all thoro Is for mo and for
thousands of womon llko mo In tho
big cities?
"Is thoro nothing in existence but
an agony of yearning? Nothing but
tho lifelong torturo of hope baffled
nnd donlud? Is hungor plnntod In us
only thnt wo may bo starved?
"Desplto surface differences, duo
to tho matorlnl progress of tho rnco,
between us and our groat-gront-gifo'.!-
mm am now esRontliilly na tlicv hnvo
over boon.
"That tho mnjorlty of womon today
cravo anything except the normnl llfo
of wlfo and mother, tho kind of llfo
thnl  hent hcnofltd humnnltv In iSW
Thoussnds Doomed to Live Out Lonely j rourso sho wnnta It;   sho would not
nature by remaining unmarried, and
thoro Ib no othor courao' opon to
Believes Basis of "Tragedy" It
Economlo One
"I bollovo that tho hnsts or this
trngedy, for It Ih a trngody ,1s distinctly an oconomlo ono. Men do not booIc
out womon nnd ask them to mnrry
boennse thoy cannot nfford It.
"Tlio avorago young mini who works
If ho thought nt all of social conditions nnd hns nny sohho of responsibility, deliberately slays away from
the girl of his own claBHt llio girl
whom, under bottor nusplcoM, ho would
b-i Ki'tu to niuiry. He oousn't cJniu lo
J'jjf if ).cr, }.v (lo*.r.i,'t \ltw ,Vt iu'iii.M'ii
Kot fond of her. Mo rnnriot mnko hf<r
his w!fo because ho In not financially
equnl to supporting a family.
"And the   woman   who   worlm   Ib
"Manifestly thoro is -something
wrong somewhere, when thousands of
the women best fitted to bo wlvos and
mothorn. women who aro genuinely
Interested In tho betterment of V.n
rnco are, from lack of opportunity
to nu-et mutable mates, doomed to
live alone.'
Fo mur-b for the writer of tlio book,
bswd on her own llfo.
Of course thero Is something wrong.
a very great deal wrong, whon such
n mat* of nfffttr* exists. There nro
thousand* of working women tn this
city who nr<» going dlroeUy against
bo a naturnl woninn If she didn't
Thon oftentimes sho knows that the
only wny to esrnpe from tho slavery
of factory or store or office is lo
ontor tho home. Hut she rnnnnt go
after a husband; sho mum, wait till
ho seeks her. Krofiuonllv nhe cannot
nfford tho rloihes to nttrnct him or
a sitting room In which to receive
him. Ami she, too, if she has studied
existing conditions, hesitates at the
Idea of bringing children Into th* (trim
strugglo that the world hns nlwnys
!>ecn to her.
"It sunns'to mo thnf thl» writer of
'A Woman Alone' puts too much-cm-
pluiniH with enough explanation 011
tho fnot of a working girl's Inability
to moot congonlnl men. Sho cannot
moot thorn—hut tho reimonH nro clear,
Flrnt sho herself is not pnld enough
monoy to permit, hor to surround herself with a proper social atmosphere.
Second, the men nro not pnld enough
mnnny to iwnnlt thorn to nook out womon with the idea of marrlnge,
"Hfiilmnoni imrlors, church work
nnd similar hooIiiI expedients only
M.ratch the Hiirfnco of tho situation,
The ninjoiliy of womon workers 'lo
1101 r.i.rry, cannot mnrry, will no-,
mnrry until thoy and the majority cf
pnv dnv."
•7  u>.
The Evening New*, London, Issuo
flopt. 20, ««}'«;-■•'Loul Charlos IU<-m-
ft'Vl  Iuih nr'i'cl nt  Victory,  IltltKli
/•     * 1   r
Mention Is mitno In the snmo column
of'tho dlsrovory'or Queen Admen Nef-
rntrl, wlfo of King nnmeses l„ who
reigned nonrly four thousand years
ago. I'erhnjm iho compiler of the
nhovo notes wns eonfempornry or Rnm.
I., lie-nee mlMtnke re "Victoria" In not'
pnrtlriilnrlv reinnrknhlo.
Electric Restorer for Men
Phoiphonol '•»{*•• •*«rnirve In thubarfr
 I     .   -1" Hi prop«r U01 on .1 reitorti
Mm tu4 vrtnl.tr. Wem.iumJwJyiBdillt.Htl
('o.,*i, Cailiarliiea.otii,    " mmmtm»"rw
For 8il» at Blssidtll's Drug Stor* &&&&',&:
n-.^ '■$&-.>'
&.fi*MiWK'i*teiar* H,sa^re«^K&«*^-^**^*Vl«",-r"I,si,i* w
yyyy^y^P^;p^ ^>^r%^&^
s#i     * 2*3,"* 7*75:
• *•
r®&Mi*it\rt £&%w
77 y
- Published every Saturday morning at its* office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C.1 Subscription $1.00
per year, in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for tho execution of all lands of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to .The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor...
' Telephone No. 48.j v     ' :PostofficeBox No. 380
rlTITIN the area covered by District, IS. U. M.
"W of A. there are camps that are outside of its
jurisdiction, and also tho employers are independent of tho "Western Coal Operators' Association,
consequently mine workers who have secured employment at such  places are not breaking, any.
rules of tlie organization, but by keeping themselves
in good standing on the books of the Local of which
they arc members act strictly in conformity with
tbe constitution of the U. M: AV. of A.   AVe make
this explanation because there nre some individuals
who are .laboring under the impression that union
meu working in the unorganized camps, of Luml-
breck, as well as those of Taber and Dupens, which
are also outside'of the "Western Coal Operators'
Association, are not acting constitutionally.     This
is not so. ■ 'The 'men working in the places named
are complying with'the requirements of 1 he'organization to which they belong, therefore are not amenable to any'reproach from their fellow members.
. •   The above instances illustrate the difference between what may be termed partial industrial .unionism and.'its complete operation,, but this fact is no
wise inculpates those who, are working, strictly in
accordance with tlie regulations laid down for the
government of its' members by tluvTJ. M.-W. of A.
By-laws and constitutions are made and can be unmade, therefore,-whenever ■ they may.be found to
- be wanting to' cover certain conditions.arising it
becomes'incumbent .upon those whom deem it oppor-
■ tune that a change be made, to agitate for the same,
'•but until such time as this be done they must abide
■by the-existing,policy. -    '■
Refused to work with these men, "although, as is
Statural, efforts have been made urging them to become members^ - As a further proof that this checkoff system is not a recognition of the union .we may
*ay the representatives.of thex executive hhve expressed'willingness to have the Conditions regarding this matter continue as they were in the old
agreement, which "expired'March 31st, because M
a few of the smaller camps, where the difficulties
would not be so great as is the casei in the larger
ones, where tlie check-off was not in force it has not
been' established, and they are not insistent upon
its being a part 'of the new agreement.     For the
edification of those who are not acquainted with
tho terminology ".of Jrades unionism   would .state
that the Closed Shop mean's that none but. union
men shall be employed, hence, as already "stated,
this is not the'case in District 18.     The check-off,
therefore, cannot be interpreted to meantthe Closed
Furthermore, as assignments are.-recognized in
the various business walks of life,, there must be
some reason why the coal corporations are fighting
so bitterly against this check-off system,, and this
we assert is the case because that with so many
men ignorant of English they hope, by tactics at
which they are adepts, to create a weakening of the
organization, and the statements made by some of
them that they do not so .intend are'by their actions
shown lo be of little value.' ■   .'
There is no disputing the fact that the members
of I he' Miners',, Union are both anxious and'del er-
mii-ifd to retain that which they have already been
conceded in the past, and strenuously object'to any
innovation that has a tendency to deprive them of
such means as hereinbefore outlined. * The position
of the operators is in itself an indication bfca subtle attempt to break down the organization, and instead of coming out boldly and'stating their objects
they show it is-a case of the, policy of, "cutting off
,the dog's tail by inches." 7     7 . •», '   " .7
' "We think the'above explanation, should now convince the general,public.that the--'check-off' is not
all - that is claimed for it,- but' merely a mi'edium
whereby economy can-be effected and "at the same
time no impairment wrought .-oh the organization
by a,depreciation of its prior status.-    ,      - '    ' -
"OufLSiter Box"
The District Ledger accepts no responsibility for the views,expressed by its corres-'
pondonts. Communications wttl be inserted
whether signed by,'the real.name.of the
•writer or a nom do plume, .but the writer's
name and address must bo given to the'
Editor aa evidence of good faith. Tn no caso
will it be. divulged without consent -' ,
,-   , |
THE statement' quite frequently.-made,,in;'the
f newspapers of the country that the'' checkoff "
' and as the great mass of laymen outside the .indus-N
' .trial organizations do not thoroughly understand
what-is meant by this term "check, off" we~ consider a little explanation particularly .opportune, so
„ tliat a better understanding may be arrived at by
. the outside public.     In organizations such as the.
Order of Conductors, the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, and other like industrial bodies,
the individual members pay such dues jind assessments as are charged against them out of the money
they receive as wages.     This thoy do themselves,
thus avoiding the intermediary as a collector of
the company or firm for which they are -working,
This, is a simple matter where the members of the
union are English speaking, but with so cosmopolitan a membership as is contained within the United Mine Workers of America such a method of col-
" looting (hies, etc., is much more difficult. ' Tho extent of this difficulty may be better grasped when
it is realized that there are over a dozen different
1 nationalities to be found amongst those under tlie
jurisdiction of- District 18.     Many of those   are
foreign speaking, with .exceedingly limitod knowledge of English, and to appoint secretaries in all
the different languages would entail an expense
which the,check-off system entirely obviates.
The check-off means that whon a now man is engaged to work as a mineworker he shall givo in Iiir
own handwriting permission to Iho employing compnny for such deductions »s tho looal union decides
aaeh month shall be Inken from his wages. In
other'words, ho makes nn assignment of eortain'
amounts, just as he mny do for other business trans
notions, such nslonns from bunks, pnymont of bills
to his grocer, or any,, other firm with which ho
may linve donlings.
This chock off does not menu recognition of Iho
union, but tlio reason so much objection is mndo lo
il by Hie corporations is Hint thoy soo by its climhiii-
tion tlio lie Hint binds tlio mon to tho orgiinizniion
mny bn so loosened Hint its mnrnlo onn ho seriously
iilToelod. Again Hip stiitomont hns boon mndo llini
Iho olifck-olT umans tho Closed Shop. This is also
incorrect, Iiooiiiinc (here urn many mon who nro nt
Iho pivM'tit Hum not inoinliois of District 18 who
hnvo been t'iii[>!o\vil at various ramps, nt the nm-
mont, idle, but hnvo not signified their intention in
vritiii-; lo 1-nvo ;,ny deductions mndo, and Ihoro'oro
notio hnvo boon mndo; nor hnvo tlio union nioinliors
npHIS week there begins-in the "City of the
Angels",the now :famous, or infamous, case,
so thoroughly exploited thrbugh-.the press, of the
■MeNamara Brothers, charged with .-complicity in
the dynamiting'of the Los Angeles Tiines Building.
This marks vone of the most-,gigantic struggles
known tc> 'history between'organized'capital and
organized labor, and'will be watched with keen interest .throughout the .civilize'd-'wbrld.'-;, ' It is prac-
boiie affair, which, regardless of the (vast amount of
money expended and. "the misery created ih connection therewith, culminated'not,only.in the discharge
of those whom it was intended to destroy, but likewise damages to the amount of'$60,000 was awarded to the "Western Federation of Miners, but whether it has ever been'paid by the state of Colorado
we do hot know.    ,- 7,
Methods have been adopted which savor more of
the inquisition days than those of a century reputed to be civilized, in a country that has the effroh-
Iry to call itself "the land of the free," Women
have had their property .taken' from them by, illegal methods with a view'io obtaining incriminating
documents, subjected to tortures known as the third
degree, and ono mnn nt least,' Geo. II. Shoaf, a
spceinl'correspondent of "Tho Appeal to Reason,"
dono n,wny with. ,; One' would have thought thnt
nftcr tlm l'nj]uro of tho Moyor, Haywood nnd Petti-
bono plot they who nro responsible for the illegal
nrrest nnd kidnapping of. the MeNamara Brothers
would have displayed sufficient individuality to
havo ndoptod other tactics, Imt it would seem in
I heir case that thoy aro exemplifying tho old story
"Of whom tho Gods seek to destroy thoy first make
mad." Organized greed, which will not hesitate
to bring about n wnr like the Spnnish-Americnn
struggle, totally ignoring tlio requests of their'opponent to mnko nn inVestigntion, ns wns tho caso
Willi tho blowing up of the Maine, until rocou'ly
found to have boon destroyed from within and not
from withoutfthni will attempt to railroad men lo
tlio gallows ns in Iho onso of Moyor, Haywood nnd
Pottilmno, should now ho intensely nnxious to nttri-
bulo tho cause of tho destruction of tho Times build-
ing lo roprosotilntivo members of a labor orgnnizn-
tion, ought to ha plnood out of court in Iho minds
of nil Ihinking pooplo,
■ Those tragic oceurroneos, although onlniling n
viinI amount of suffering, aro destined lo hnvo mi
"I'lVct (linniolrionlly opposite to I hat desired by tho
chief instigators nnd mnsl oulininnlo in arousing
Hid working class from Ihoir mental apulliy much
moro rapidly limn volumes of nbstruso rhetoric or
pi'i'sunsive eloquence until tho doloriuiunlion is ur
rived nt Hint a K.vslom which breeds such conditions
tuusUio thrown ovorbonrd to he replaced by one
Hint will forever rolegntc to the limbo of tho patit
the po'ssibilily of reouvronco.
'   •'   ' Hosmer, B" C, Oct. -7, 1911:
To  the .Editor, :■ District-Ledger;—'
-.Dear Sir,—Can you find "space in
your valuable paper'  for   -these\few-
lines ? '.( '"  - r,- ',.:'•! y'y~ " "■   7"
Before'i'the'election-we people in Hosmer. were told that wa were7io'lia~ve
sidewalks.'. ' Well we (some of us) got
them.  ;''      > " '  •   "■'   "7
\ The question* which some of ui
would llko to know is Why all the side
walks are'confined'to one end of "the
town? They were lavishlyspread in
that particular section, and In some
places they were., made, -10 feet wide,
and when the men employed"(who'possibly know more ■ aboutv handling a
grub hoe'than they know about sidewalks connected the walks with' the
old section that"was put' down hrHos-
nier's pioneer days — these latter sections being from 7 to S feet wlde^—a
projection of three feet has been left,
while in ,mnny, places the walks have
a decidedly switchback appearance,   ,
It certainly is an eyesore to the
ordinary spectator, as well as a deadfall, ^to .-anyone - walking after- dark.
Visitors coining to' Hosmer will do
well to keep on the inside-of the walks
when strolling around after dark, thus
saving, perhaps, a nasty fall.'
Now, why didn't the citizens in.the
,West-end get a side-walk down either
Main or Front ;/Street? There aro
just as many people travel along Front
Street 'as _ any- other ..street -in'town,
and it looks, mighty like.as if'there
has been-some graft somewhere. All
tlie male population in town,for-the
past five years' have paid into the government the* r-poll tax, and .what
have - we people ofr the West-end received in return.-_- If the-government'
"of B. C. cannot Show, a"fair deal, to
all concerned in' this matter they had
better keep their little mite until they
have enough'to give a square deal-all
round.     . ,"   . I
Yours etc.;
'..'"'    ;•' '    FAIR PLAY.,'
Iw orRimlzntlonH mum lulu- n urnKroH-1 tli« tllati-lPtH wore lij,' """ °^ilVi,ul1 ul
nlvti Ntnnd nnd wloct mon for office i Knctionnl 'hffei'cnc^"f'<1.",1,1|J ',       ".'
thnt nro of tho nillltiint trend of mlmi;. 10 tho orsniilziitlo^      L. .     nicnt"
mon thnt nm willing tn tako an ml-1 woro fuctlonul flRhtJ ,, "|1<J1'°    t,1,"°
o the (llHiiilvniitniM „c <i.,.'.
or tlio mlno work-
It upneiirH that ii.,. „„„     '    ,   ,
miration of MoxC ».;     ,    ^
S .1?.!;..?..:.°'.^ "»" f"« W. K of
Moxico,   nnd   ro-
vrinrnrt   no«ltlnn   nn   t|i«  Ttrnblfnv of 'tnKliii- mlvniiini'o r\\  .
talior oriflmlMillou; men Hint will not, mon (o impomi fowrt,?, ,m,*',u" u,1,l<'
hoMltato to flKht to Iho btttor end alt' t~ "~ " ' «"ion«.timt w
opproHBlvo inwiHiirt'K,     Wllllnin Din-
inonil, Intoinutloiinl llounl Member for
• RflchlRim, wiih homo on n ohort vlHlt
and left for rntllnnnpollH on Monday,
whotu ho wiih i.ulh'tl on liii|MJi'lnnl
'•InmlnoBB.     Ilro, Diamond lia* bocomo
n iK-iiodict mnro bin aliBonco Irom Mtc-
blffan. In dlsciisilni; tho Koncrnl condition of tho orRiuilzatlon fleld», llro.
Dlamniid «laU.-il that tho o'iitlook for
tho U. M. W. of,, A. wn» uood; tho
troublo in tlio fifth nnd second ills-
»*,«---Ulcm wiu bolnH iKijitNtwi and ft mor«htt« two orKnnli,.n»loiiy,','i,i ■''''""."[",',",'
pj-, j ,*»i ' l» will ho oatnblUh
M, <<H|llllliHhO(l     ill
quootod that rcpro,
clown I horo to conf,
Intratlon   officio Ih,
vii in Mexico, a wtil bo a Krtial
Htrokc of IJiihliK'HH If Uiu oigunlziitlon
<van J»o'o»tnbllBhp,j with Hie npproYnl of
tlio proxent udnilnlMti'iilion, Ii will
mean tho unlonlzliut of all tho iuIikjh,
lKiitt ftml nun ini'inl,
Ah tlmo piiBfoaon tin? iiopohbUv of
tho wniio oui'iiim' oritntilitlnR to protect
hltt InlerofltH bocomos' morn npparont,
tiiul tho (HvIhIoii of lnbor becotnoB lost
connplciioim, ■■ Tho wnp;o-onrnor% la
rornlnir tn ronWrf thf Importance of
nolldovlty and In fortniiiK moro com*
|HnnintivoiT ho Bcntjimrt oretinfxntloii.t to protect hla. In-
fr with tlio admin-
wlththlamjnoHtVLj"   ™™*™<*
an«l an offIclnl of tho y
wa» nont down th -Mfi.fc _,..    *
tor^stK. Thin Ih K-alkod fn tlio si like
of iho rnllrond shop men to enforco
tho rocoitnltlon of the fwlorotod «iy«tom
of thflp niifi. The rnllrond mnnngora
w-nllio the Importance of tbli fotler**
firm nn'f niv ronf.itfnu ff,~-fniftifltrlnl
llcrnld, Mich.
,   .    . Canmore, Alta, Oct. 9,-1911
Tb the Editor,'District Ledger:'—^;:
1 ■ Dear Sir;—As \ye"hear so many different- stories al>put'the doings in other
camps I think that we-should .take ad-
-(■-■., .,
vantage of the columns of our own, paper and "In '.thlsv way. let our fellow-
For this reason I'll-show that" I practise, what I'preach„by .sending a little
news'about our doings, here.
-,There"ls no one-working in the mines except the • fire 'bosses, the pit
boss and the.driver^boss!"
'A fe\v days before.. It was-expected
that the mines were going to be reopened, the new manager, Mr. J. J.
Morrfs, was going around with quite,
a" genial smile upon., his.*face, as he
Very likely was thinking that he would
bo the.'first one to,, start to break the
strike,'not by importing negroes from
the United States, as he did in Pennsylvania, some years'ago, but-by.getting' CahmoTo boys to do the trick.
' As soon as the whistles blew ho was
at the,- mines, bright and early every
morning on the look-out for somo of
the boys- to. come oil the scene so
that ho could'pat them on'the back
and tell them what fine fellows thoy
wore, but not one single man', oven
those not members of the Union, showed up, although the whistles kept up
their noiso. .       <.
A fo\v dnyB of this thon this gentleman wont around to the foreign speaking brothers that ho mot and naked
them why thoy dirt not go to work,
and ho was told that thoy would just
ns nn ngreomonl was mndo with the
Union. Then Mr moitIb snld that
thoro would bo no moro Union In
Cnnmoro, but tho boys told him that
thoy thought differently.
As ho. found out that ho could not
coax tho men ho tried another wny,
Eviction notices wero qcrved ami tliey
woro told 'ollhor Ihoy would hnvo to
go to work or gel out of tho houses,
pvon though thoy had built thorn, bo-
ciuiHO thoy wore on tlio company's
around, This did not frighten' anybody, as tho men mild thnt thoy would
nitlior'lonvri tlio Iioiiboh thnn scab,
Klndlnil that lio coilld tiotscab tlio
mlnoB wllh Cnmnoro.mon ho gnvo up
trying to Indiico ihom. After tho no-
llroH worn rorolvoil a* fow of tho niliio-
workoi'H got bonmco (ionicft to lmnl I
Homo low nnd ntnrtod to build Iiouhoh
on tills nlde of tlio rlvor ou govern-1
mont lmnl, > ■
Mr, MoitIh met Lornnco Oornck and
told him not io hiuil nny logs on tho
othor Blilo of tlio rlvor, but whon ho
did not olioy, then thb spoolnl Iboiintnblo
received onlorn to put a stop to tho
hniillnu', nn iliov nlnn tnW T.ornTiro thnt
ho tniiHt not haul nny wood or lo(r«i7
far mlnoiH thnt woro on strike, or ho
would In- nrrcMoti for troapnsHlng upon
tlio t-omimiiy'H pivmlaoB. Gornck Uion
wont to Ulnncy'H »toro nnd aekod to
ubo tlio phono ,nnd wnn flvon Twrmlfi-
alon. Ah Jio doon not •po.nk vory good
KngllBh lie «ont his frlonh Anton Hot-
ton to nnl( mo to phono up to tho Bupt.
of tlio liocky Mountain*Park flnjj hhIc
If tho company could stop him from
linullng wood nerons tholr lunrt.'   .
I n»K«>,i Mr. chmcy to ring Ccnuisl
for T^ing Dlntnnco, midj wort cimo
bnck, "liimy,"'   Thin WM**t 1.30, W)
1 told I^nrnnrij to m€<it: mo at. WO.
after l hnd bc*r. to Iho raoetlng bofd^
by nro. Carl Thf.o«1crov»<?hr' enlkrt tot
2 o'clock. At !U0 I wont id' look lor
J/>ranro, but ho was not to. bo found,
and n*xt dny, mwtlmr.Hrothor IHirtoW
Mate'z, he told me tnat;.Lbrance. had
seftled his trouble withf the" policemen
as they had told him that-,Mr.\Morris
said, what a- fine fellow ,he'was7 and
that when the strike is over he will, be
given a steady job fiauling;timber7for-
the1 mines. Sothis^explain's why-'Mr,
McDbna'ld at Baiff.dt^uot.'.get^e
phone-message about' the matter7. \"~
(Signed) N. D. THA7CHUK,', S0c.
'' -^     :    :      r-rrz    ^,.,..',-.;
'   ■        Coleman>,Oct:-ll, .I9ii;
-To the Editor.-.District'Ledger— .V  ■,
Dear Sir,—For' the benefit vof/ the
sportsmen who are. Interested iii.'foot-
ball in the pass, I would like ;to:"explain the stand taken'.by- the .Coleman
F.. C: with regard Vo"the;Crahan.Cup.
-This beautiful trophy :wa's presented
to the league last season by Mr.ICfs-
han of Michel. ■•■•■'■ y •
,.    .   - :       •    .   '' -i. <• , ■'-■ *
Owing to the lateness of tha arrival
of the cup,,-the season was- too"Sfar
advanced to make a competition^ for
all the clubs, and the committee of
the" league decided that' for the .first
year.the winners of the league and the
winners- of the Mutz Cup play for the
Crahan Cup,
As'Michel won the league, and Coleman the cup, it was decided that Cole:
man travel to Michel, and play them
oh their own ground, to decide as to
who should hold tho > Crahan Cup "for
the first year,
At the opening meeting of'the league
this poason,- and I think, at every .uib-
sreciuent meeting, ■' the" question wns
brought up, as to how,'the Crahan' Cup
should-tie competed for this year   ..
I think it, has always been'the idea
of ail the clubs to'make an open.com-
pp| tion'along the lines ,of^the Mutz
Cup. and at one meeting- the league
secretary;'was instructed to write all
the clubs ,between Cranbrook- and
Lethbridge, inviting them.to enter this
competition. ''■■..•> - ,\,    , >«
However,- owing to' the strike situation, a final'' decision was. never ' ar-;
rived ' at^until': the-;meeting; held' in
Frank, In September;' when ,ttie-,matter
was again brought,up for~disc'ussion.
. As ^happened to be-presehbat that
meeting, I intimated to ,'the;^meeting
that Coleman were in favor of. having
the cup put u'p^for "competition";'.,;■';■;'
Jf was then suggested that' the' cup
be,played for.by^.ttie'-winners!;''of> the
league 7 and 7 the .winners fof.the 'Mutz
Cup be same as la8t;B&Bon.'>'7 ,'•-.-
At this' suggestionJL^rose and repeated what! had already said "re a.compe-
tition, and stated- further. th'at7;shbujd
the "league, clubs ffeel that-they could
not enter a competition for the trophy;'
Coleman were .willing'to'play any"club
in the league for possession of the. ciip,
first .come first" served; but' itiat I, did
not', think that 'they/w'ould^confsent^to
out having the chance of defendingit?
•Ichave'had quite a.long',experience
in football executives, both in England
and here in the Pass; but ihave never
yet known of a club being called.upon-
to give' up any trophy they, .were, the
holders of■ without beliig "given »'.a
chance to defend it.    "%    '""-'.','"; 7,';   '-
I think the stand taken7by" Coleman
k  7 ;  ■ SIR EDMUND^WALKER, C.V,Om ULO^D-CLVPresidentj''/;■'*.■• :;
: -^7-'   v ,y ;^>LEXANDER-LAIRD^Qeneral' Manager: f '7- - ..- ■■. 7
c^rrA^if.$io;o6o,ooQ -^ry
 'yr-,;V REST, -; $8;0(»,000
; Every branch of,The Canadian Bank- of. Commerce la 'equipped vto issue drafts oa
the principal cities in the followiag coontriea without dela
■   • Africa " ~
Greece   .
-India    -
' Perea
Siberia -.n
-Soudan ;   .    J   '*,*
SouthA&ica ■
-'Spain '
. Crete-,       ,
Arabia >'      • -'-   ^ Cuha  ■•• ;>. .
, Aretntino Republic Desmaite <
Australia       n^',  ' Ejypt -   -
- Austria-Hungary   Faroe lalasdi
-   Belgium   '--       \, Finland    -,
'   Brazil '• ^Fonnoea-X' .-
/.   'Bulcfaria'  o  .    '."France -\ ,\   ■    ~-iax%
;    Ceylan       '    - ''-, Fr"ch Cochin China Malta"
"  Chili .Germany-       i     Mascburia.
,, China    ,> "   Great Britain''.".    Mexico.-...  ,  .	
The amount of these drafts is stated in the aioney of the country where they are payable; that is they are drawn in sterling, franca, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,--
|.taels, roubles, etc, as the'ease may be.   Thia ensures that the payee"abroad will .
receive the actual amount intended.-    -    -"  / -»-',.'^ "7-    :'V--"   ,'..>-     : A233  ^
PhOipptM Ialaaos' Sweden
Portugal   .,' i"<rj*-' Switzerland . .'
,Roumauia, "• • •■ 'Turkey     -   -  ,«-
.RuMia;:"----'    ' United States
' Servia „   :,,l% ' ', Uruguay ■ „'-  -
Siam^   ' ; r*.     West Indiea/etc.
L,' A, S. DACK, Manager./
Is much more sportsmanlike; than,that
taken by the clubs . making all the
kick, and whose actions appear to the
to be actuated by a desire, to serve
only the Interests of their own clubs -
in fact, I think I could mention one
club,, who would have no objections to
suggestions made by tho Coleman F.
C. only that, by keeping' Colornan out
(continued on pago 5)   '   ■
"Nowhere In the Pass can,be
found In such a display of
, We hove the best tioney,'
can buy of Beef,   Pork, Mutton, Veal,   Poultry,   Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard,   Sausages, '
Weiners and 8auer Kraut. -,
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phonn 58
Mrs. S, Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up '
' Hot and Cold Water "
- Elaetrlo Llqhteri
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room.
8ample Reomion Main
Buafnefi Street.
JVIeal Tickets, $6.00
. Spoclal Rates' by the1 w*ek and ,
'the month and to Theatrical par* '
' ties.  Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
Tha flrtsit of'WInts, Liquor.
4and|Clflar«'>«rvad by competent
arid obliging wins .clerks. •
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and .
1     Wood Burners y Is
Ranges and Cook Stoves
And   Nothing but the Best iri,Fresh 7
and    Smoked    Meats,,'  Fresh,;, and  ,7
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry•-'. \
:Etc^;Etc.i':gb':to;.''   '    - .^V'^^^y^
7 :• •' ,   'i- ,-" ■'-'.■•    **',.•.       ■ „'  '.    •'"'' ' ■ ''~'..( -:''' -    ■
4lftMARKET  66.
1 *■>, & °r
}C -S SAM GRAHAMrManager
Insurance, ReatlfSstat^
■Money^tpyLoan Pin firstrclaiss'Biisi-
, hess and Residential'^property:
7... yy
.   ■•{
i - *
; 90c to $3.50
J. D. Quail
,J*HE- "Universal". -Food
Chopper chops' all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables--
,. raw or cooked
—as coarse
or fine as
, and
Does TV (     easily,
with the
of the
knife and
Buy the genuine "Universal."
The Comfort Route East
CIoro collection* with Iho main line trains, toritfer, Higher, wldor
Tortus, Individual berth nnd wont lights in sleepers nnd .conches.
Vnnim clminod/ Electric lighted on-tlmo* trains, tho latest wodel*
from pilot to tall lights,
, J. S. THOMPSON,* Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 R O. Box 305
Ledger Ads Bring Results
L... J..  „.-r.„.,    .^.'HfeTt >^-^-7..  ....  ...    »
►I* .:v.v:--"i^,"-i.--*---y^';x.-'f.''--',-,-;-;,-; """-'$,"-     '■*£:- -
■-•i\i y "77 V'^'-'"-;;•,'-"'!'-.-4-   -■'.-'•    --vy
,-y- ';.y7j>v .';'^''        '  ■'\":!-:-,";~ "7-.-'   .. .'
& i
. ¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥ W¥V¥¥V¥W¥¥¥¥¥»y¥^
•i:*^^^^ -, . 7 %,--7^---y-vy   I-".'   -:rv- . 'V ..   •'   ,      ■ --'   - '   '       1}
!>'i.<7T>TssssW.^sy77r) ''7- ."-■ ■"-'-« v-':'--7 y_.   .-•-        ''7 ■.-■"   'j - - m—    - •' 'wuT^- ""M V:' '■'■ - • —-'k" - ^W^^bbV   "v-* -7- '.-'-'^| •      „        w' .    ^       ^« --- -'   Awr^^    ' " J
>• -
>- .
r- -.
■v   ?
.'1       I ," '   •,,1    .'!,-
*7delivered:', to7all }
parts.of the town -
Sanders & Verhaest Brothers.1,
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦
■  -      *
■ t
■ e
, -t
• t
■. >e
■ -i
■ c
• <
>* +
• t
iwi NG
machine: co
■•, -... -     ..'-'■>■
* Pcllatt    Ave.    North J:
■r-V. ,*.-.7"77'.   ' ■"'--''v' '' ■■"'
' M^»¥¥¥¥.¥¥-¥¥»y¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥
W"-    IK      .       >'
.. AfiTCWt -
Fernie   Branch
. Bar supplied with; tlie best' Wines,
y 7 -s~^Liquors* and Cigars,, *' ■ '■'■ \.J
G pie man
,W, H. Murr   -   Prop.
T. W. Davies
Clean''Rooms, Beat of
'   - Food and every
attention -
_ ^-     i 	
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
season' there are very, poor prospects
of ,ahy''clubs getting: any, medals, as
the entranQe!,;fees'. are!'not sufficient
after,working expense's are paid.-',' ■"'
,, Trusting that; the football'enthusiasts in" the'various camps will-interest
themselves in.this matter, and instruct
their delegate tb the next meeting to
,vote iu the best-interests, of the league,
and o incidentally tb ensure1'a-, continuance of the sport for nbxt; year,'-°--
■ -, 7     I remain, -; .-,,'•
-,.  Yours very truly,
7f.   " "•   ->4-      J. GRAHAM,
-' ■ o '•'-„"    ' ''.': ' "Coleman.
Coleman; AltaV Oct. 10, 1911.
To tho Editor, District Ledger-
Dear Sir, — Charlie O'Brien is once
again back in our midst and addressing meetings throughout the Pass,
where he has met with good receptions
byjhis constituents! although some of
them.are'providing us with,considerable "education" regarding'ther ignorance of a subject that^ they do not lose
any opportunltyto condemn until they
are brought, face .to face'with the, request to''take the platform. One would
think tha!t these' parties might spend
a little, more time studying and a little
less discussing, then- they might not
be'so likely to show; themselves up in
sucli-an unfavorable light. ■■
■ There is'every reason tb congratulate .the 'workers of the Pas's on the
splendid manner In. which "they railed
to the'-support-.bf Fulcher, which should
be an-eye-opener to'all. except those
chronically ^blind,- that'the ..-"red spectre"'. Is- not having' any' drawbacks in
the>,Rocky Mountain-'riding, 'at the
same-time there .ought' not- to be" any
let-up to 'the education work .which is
sadly'heeded,'and which ,vO'Brien' is
doing his"- share'.to;.further at; every
opportunity: ','*';, 77yy -'""7.   ■'.._.
■ We often-hear those on the outside
kicking aboutr.the ''Socialists.;having
so.'mucli"lnfuence,in.the unions,' but
•the vote-sh'ould^tell a story that would
be-plain to any',man';'giving It. a moment's^ consideration and,' that is that
the rank and'flle. are1 also making headway m'entaliy^an'dfthat the; day.of ■ the
simple1 (very, simple;- too) .trade union
sentiment is near its finish as a means
of improvments .toJ'the'workers as.'a
class. '; Of ^course," we .-.know-'that a
chain • is^no ■ stronger 'than', its-weakest
meet' with - disaster. 7 Such'ah'v institution, to have any assurance of.-con-:
tinuanee; must be the reflex of a general'.desires and .appetite among .the
workers for the kind of supplementary,
education which would be in.the curriculum. " It cannot be said that such
a desire is very manifest among. Canada's toilers—as. tbe election - returns
sufficiently prove. Then England has
a dense industrial population thoroughly conscious of the many pressing problems confronting it and eager to equip
itself with any and all;means which
will' aid In, their solution. .Education';- ls recognized as the",strongest
weapon of working class emancipation
and the workers of Britain are for
tho. most part eager and persistent In
their pursuit of knowledge, upon economics. The, distances In that country are' not great, and many workers
who' are ready- to make a small sacrifice for the sake of improving, their
knowledge along this line are able to
attend Ruskln - College - at slight expense.    7 ''-■ _■      "j   ■■'
. Ruskln College is the apex—the high
est,'manifestation—of the ambition of
British workingmen to solve, the enigma of th'eir.'own salvation.. It is not
a propaganda effort, properly speaking,
hut rather ,a',, striking evidence of a
conscious, healthy labor propaganda In
innumerable other • ways. ■ It is the
culmination'of propaganda'; it is not a
cause,';but.an effect. _ •   ■
" What _■'; ■ js . the < greatest- stumbling
.block', in-'the_' path '. of the, ■ economic
arid; political'.solidarity *pf'Canadian
workirignien? \ Undoubtedly our. "magnificent , distances-,'- which keep apart
the Industrial workersrof;\he different
centres.' '. This has not'i been "very
clearly recognized in the past, but it is
becoming more apparent all the time.'
Many a movement conceived by^en-
thusiasm,'sound-, in theory'and practicable, has'quickly diedjin this,country
because, the", rank- and file' could not
be reached' byl the. delegatorlal ,body
initiating it;7 It has.been so difficult
to establish-a common Impulse along
definite lines -and „'toward.--a definite
objective among Canada's tollers that
only projects which would be- considered i quite conservative7 by., the toilerV
of other countries have survived thro'
the, propaganda stages.,.-Critics, and
interests hostile to the-movement of
dependent upon the- good-wilf and patronage of workingmen, every hew sub-'
scription helps to strengthen its hand.
There is not a labor paper-published in
Canada that would not soon show improvement as the result of receiving
a'hundred paid new. subscriptions.
Boost, the circulation of one of r.her.i
a thousand and the labor movement in
Canada will benefit thereby more than
by ■ the establishment of a labor college, no matter on what scale. .
, We must have a much stronger labor press In the" Dominion before wo
will have any Institution of supplementary labor education. Isn't that
clear? Let every worker subscribe
to a labor paper and we will soon have
a grand movement that will eclipse all
our previous arduous .achievements.—;
Ed. Stephenson ln The .Freelance, Toronto. . _._•"'
Survivors of ,1,100 Victims of Courriere
Disaster Lead Agitation in Northern
France Agamstthe Starving of the
People by Speculators.
iinkyaffd'tHaTTI^the'reason" that: we
should always be instructing'our lesser
informed 'felloVworkers" who are .'all
In,a fit'mental condition to be .taught
the way out of theirdifflcultles. There
ls ho' doubt that they are learning fast
as the actions of those .who,'are-doing
everything as. they see It to keep things
as they are/becauso It suits their-pup
poses, and ;in many caseB are doing
more in the way of education than
they imagine.
The present strike has been a great
success.'viewed In the light of progress that;has been accomplished, as
many men have had time to look Into
tho.subject.of the reason why things
nre as they are than If thoy had been
working s'iondlly, bo that tho time is
not far "distant In "my mind whon the
higgling business will he carried on in
a different manner to what It has been
In the past.     To.hnston this It"ls of
course necessary, that wo should do all
In;our power to onllghteir our follow
workers because without their co-operation progress must bo rotardod and
our own benefit loRBohod.'  ,
•In the meantime as we arc compelled to live nnd cannot go to sleep for
a long spell and thon wako up to find
a now'order of society,,,wo must mako
tho boat uso of tho weapons wo havo
to prevent our losing nnythlng that
we hnve, and for that'rcnBon many of
ua are compelled to nccopt conditions
that aro not pleasant, because of n
look' of understanding by those who
havb not yot,found out tho cause of
tholr woos, althoughl thoy know thoy
suffer from them, and now let mo say
—Kducato yourself and also educato
your neighbor, bocauso each needs tho
othor and, whon this linn boon dono tho
day In not far distant whon the work-
Iiik-cIubb will be tho only clnRx nnd
then thoro will ho no cIubb.,
Yourfl Hlucoroly,
Our Letter Box
(Con'tlnued'from "pnRo 4)
1 *<
mcy oxpvct to got four ot tholr player* to iisftUl,thorn to win Ufo cup,
Wfcy not lei,the winner of Iho lea-
gue nnd the winners ot the cup piny
off to decide who shall play Coleman
lor iho L'mhiin Qup ,or If,this Is not.
acceptable to the clubs Interested, jjhen
'put tho three clubs In the hul, nnd
draw two teams to play, the winner* to
play thb team who Is lucky enough to
not tho bye.   , ' ."
As fa well btiQum hy a'.t the clubi
thoro ts very little funds In the league
co why not uutu; ui'uunuuwuU uIouk
th« lines suggested, snd let all the
*,«(# receipts from the two games go
Info ih eleegtiff rre«mry, so it* to gfre
them something to «t*rt the neaton
•%\t\i *«t jtar.
Vniwn th<nra fa somefhtoe, lu
-ffinds «t tbe commencement of
Tli^ Trades CongresH Con von tion,
jilHt,concluded nt finlgnry, had boforo
It an IntorofttlriR resolution calling for
tho cstublUlimsnt of n Uxbor Collogo
to ho conducted by the Congress,
wlioraby worUlnnnien mlghl secure for
a trifling /ot* a tiindnmentnlly snnnd
education on economics and politics
the resolution wail lntri«'«cil for *>du.
cntion on economics nnd politic* from
a labor standpoint, Perhaps tho rcso-
,lullon>tt« introduced for educational
purposes, so that attention might 1>o
called in thV rrf-nt n«*fd nf iW« fclnrt
of enilghteiiiiient In the ranks of labor, for of course the Congress was
not ln a position lo undortnko inch an
Innocvntlou," however, desirable It
miaht be.
There Is as "Ubor Collego" of tho
kind pYt>YMift«A ift Kni$Und, known As
ituikin College3^ .which workingmen
luuy »Ut)»ul et n email cost, and tbe
Instruction there Imparted Is said to
be «t<*Ment This college t»* *x*n
.fairly successful; ' but the factors
which hare' contributed to Its *uc-
j wm are cot pment In Canada, and
labor; have often said-that ,the workers of Canada .-are divided on. many
questions. It would be more correct
to say that'they'are separated. \ Get
them together—.provide any substantial means by.means of which they
can evolve harniony-j-and they will not
long.be divided. They are hot separat-,
ed by division; they'are divided by
separation. ■       . '   . -
Jt means for the workers of Canada
to see that their deliverance lies ln
their own hands, and that the weapon
is-forged and needs but to be wielded.
It'Is'tho labor press.
It ls a truism to say that the labor
press ls exactly what tho workers^
themselves make It, That,Is obvious.
A genuine labor paper ,has not tho
revenue that ordinary papers have;
manufacturers and merchants are, generally hostile, or nt least indifferent,
and their patronage Is not sufficient to
make a fair-sized' paper profitable.
Out this condition would quickly be
improved If trade unionists were loyal
to. their. proBs. - Business mon are
riot tn bUBlnosB for their health. Let
them seo that a labor paper Is eagerly
read'by working men and thoy will
advertise, In It, no matter how dlB-
tasteful the editorial expressions may
bo to them, And until labor men nro
rendyto pay tho entire coBt of printing their own papoi-H, .advertising imiat
bo tho main dependence of tho organs
of tho toilers.
Wo need In Canada not a Labor Col;
lege, but moro.lahor papers nnd "bettor
support of,thoso already In existence.
Thoy can break down' tho bnrrlorB. of
dfstanco more easily than any other
agency, and that Is tho first requlslto
of harmony among workingmen. '   No
trado unionist can protend to know
much about tho world movement of lnbor, or to have a brond-gnugo viewpoint upon locnl labor .iroblonm, unloHS
ho rends ono or moro lnbor papers. It
Is vastly more enHcntlnl to bring to-
gothor tho scattered cltudolB nnd out-
pouts of organized lnbor In this conn-
try) so that thoy mny know ench what
the others' nro doing nnd thus ho ablo'
to Inltlut** common action alow? specific IIiich, I linn to provide nn iimtltutlou
which only n few workers enn attend.
Lot us mnko a more extended com-
ifinrlBon,   Tlio Idea of tho Lnbor Col-
Icro Is to specially equip n number of
workers to lend tho economic nnd poll-
LONDON,-Sept. 21. — The' recent
demonstrations in ."several- French
towns against the'high cost of food,
in which .'women • played 'the leading
role, furnished tlie., excuse for the
publication-in'the Daily News of the
following', graphic description ■ by
John' P..'Macdonaid, 'of -the stirring
scenes that took''place In'ithe mining
country of-Courriere,after the awful
disaster-of .the early spring of 1906:' -
yit'is-at Merlcburt, Billy-Montigny,
Sallauniine's? in the mining country of
CcUrrieres,'. that the most savage,
scenes' yet witnessed in the French
food,riots are,taking place.-, _ ".'
To the -Bngiish' reader these names
now convey nothing. Yet five and a
half "year's ago,, in'1 the-bitterly cold'
month of March'of" 1906, Sallaumines,
Billy-Montigny,'-ana ■ Mericourt were
stricken wtih..a 'disaster that sent a
shudder .through the whole, of. the,
civilized,' world." .'"Eleven hunrded
miners, killed! r. Their bodies so
charred,' distorted,' and -dismembered
as In-most cases to be unrecognizable^
Everywhere,'-wailing- women, or fren-
zied women, "or stupefied.jjv.omeh.7or,
women - gone maa:" The latter threw
themselves-'upon'the yellow deal cof-"
fins—^and 'tried, to tear them open—
with cries of - "My man, my man; give
nie back my'mah,"- ' ■       '' .
They would have hurled themselves
into the vast fcommon grave dug for
jthe victims,"but for the intervention
of the 'troops;* -;Weeks after the catastrophe, human debris, ghastlier than
ever, was still   being  exhumed   from
the mine. f At 6 o'clock every morning
the human remains were placed on
rough' trestles, for the space of ,half
an hour. •   And throughout all thoso
weeks, every morning at 6, the widows, of Courrieres wero to  be seen
mnklng'their way to the pit-heads in
tho-darkness nnd enow—bedraggled,
gaunt   creatures,   who   mumbled   to
themselves, wept, shook their fists at
the "distant, shadowy   chimneys   and
machinery of tho great  Courrieres
Company, aB thoy trudged along the
bleak roads;  and who raved • wldly,
appallingly ns- by (ho light of rusty
lanterns thoy searched vainly amongst
the debris for sonic traces of their
"man,"    Thon hack through tho dark
neBB, through the snow, to tholr miserable  homes;   tho "man'   undiscovered, tho "man" Irrecoverable.
, After  the  Courrieres  cntnatropho,
tho great   Courrieres Btrlko;   and It
was by means of tlio strike that tho
widows resolved to nvengo tho deaths
of tholr husbnndfl,     "Tho murder,"
tl(oy called.It.    Tho chief "assassin"
was M.'Lnvniir, tlir- mnrinfrlng director of tho mines,    Other "aoBnenliiB" j
woro tho onglnoorH,    Yet unother as-
Husuln wns M. Cloincuccau, then Minister   of   tho Intoiim',   who   poured
troops Into stricken C'ourrlorOH.   Thus,
concern on tho purl of' the government for tho "iiHHnHBiu" Lnvnur,   nnd
for'   tho   compnuy'H   Hhnreholdorr----
moro "nsfinsHlnfi" — who hnd recently
"touched' no Iohh Ihmi 1;000 per cent
nn a result of the lnbor of tho men
new lying pneliod toKi'tlier In tlio common grnvo.   "Hovonu'.'," werwimod Iho
widows,    Tholr fury was encouraged
and  aggravated by tho  prarchbluuai
ngltntors of the d:. -rnl Lnbor Confederation,   who   hastened   down   to
Courrleron nnd delivered Inflammatory
speeches In dingy p'lljllc halls.    In-
creasing fury, hh frit in nftcr trnln arrived Indt-n with troops.     A general
Rn  "nt.'.vi,   ■■'hli'llu   Uiiuy,"
smashed the windows;* wrecked the
houses, scattered the "markets, ram-
saclted -and" burnt the shops of bleak,
snow:covered Courrieres. ' It' was they
who'carried-the red flags; it was their
voices, as they screamed out the "Internationale," 'that arose above the din
caused by'the smashing of glass, the
uprooting,,of railway lines, "the "collapse of lampposts and chimney pots,
the clatter of cavalry charges. .-
A "lieutenant, who was alleged to
have called ono of the Courrieres'
widows a vile name, was killed by; a
brick. M. Clemenceau and M. Etlenne,
Minister of War, came down from
Paris to attend the young officer's
funeral. Soldiers lined every" street
that led to the, church. No fewer indeed,' than 5,000 troops were called
out to do honor to the memory of the
dead officer. Pressed hard behind the
barriers of soldiers, peering with
bloodshot eyes over their shoulders
and bayonets stood the strikers.
Gaunter,' more disheveled " than
ever,,looked the widows. ■ But not a
sound did they utter as slowly and
solemnly the infpressivc,- funeral, pro-
ression passed them by. Not until the
special train bearing, the coffin, had
steamed out of the station did the red
flags reappear ■ and was ■ the fierce
chanting of the "Internationale', resumed.-^ But. then,, what wild ".demonstrations on the part'of the, widows!
The officer who had insulted' one of
their number,, had'been buried like a
hero! '-■'With eyes aflame, with frantic
gesticulations, the \widows pointed
across the_ snotf-covered country to
the bleak,- wretched cemeteries that
contained the' blackened and mangled
remains of their "men."" No impressive funeral service for them. What
service there had been was conducted
in a, grim, iron-roofed shed. Then
''bur.."men" had, been "dropped'"'into
.tlie7earth like dogs;'
.-^v-'^.fhe Middle of the Night ■-,„
-' There 'was - no sleep In the far-
stretching , Courrieres country that
night.'-.. Not much damage was done;
but-from'midnight until daylight'the
striker's ■ and- the widows, in distinct
mobs-'of'a thousand or more,-marched
through the "unining,'villages, in and
out'of-.the" dark,towns-of Lens, up and
down the bleak ,,'roads, 'round and
brandishing their flags ' and - singing
their'„'son'g.'-- At three or four different
.points in-.the country" I heard them
approaching" faintly '■ in the distance,'
then; coming nearer and nearer; then
beheld" them advancing like a phantom
army through the darkness, and sweep
past me—the" widows' always ahead—
In the "ever-falling,, snow, ,
So the.chaos continued, so the fury
of the widows .'remained unabated,
until' M. Clemenceau provided Courrieres with one soldier to,every striker; and that broke the strike. The
concessions granted- by' the' mining
company were meagre. Iftook the
Relief Committee a whole year to
distribute among the sufferers tho
millions of francs that had been subscribed by sympathizers from all pnrts
of the world. ' The Courricies catastrophe, like all' catastrophes, became
a memory an event of the past—except to the,widows,
And It Is the widows today who are
at the head of tho Courrieres food
rlotfl — gaunter nnd more bedraggled
than »?v<r, "ind still consumed with
the de&lro for ' revrngo," Tholr "men''
have- been tuken from thorn, tholr
''ii.p'i" nro not hero to feed them nnd
U.ot 11 '!'!re:i — nnd yet thoy aro
called upon to pay more heavily than
heretofore for tho noeossnrlos of llfo.
So out once ngaln wllh the lied Flag,
command the widows. And up with
tho bricks, and off to bourgeois shops
nnd houses nnd nwny to tho market
plncos; to tho tunc of tho "Interim-
tloriale.'—Now York Call,
♦     , COAL  CREEK  BY  174,     ♦
♦ y '  .     ♦
George Davison, the eldest son of Mr
and Mrs. James Davison,' was taken to
the Fernie Hospital last Thursday, suf-'
fernig from a slight attack of, typhoid
fever. He is progressing as well as
can be expected.      ,        >
The Rev. E, L Best, of Wycllffe, B.
C„ was visiting friends up here-last-
week. '
■Mr. Jonathan Jay-and Mr. Kevough
did a little mountain climbing, up here
last Saturday, and they certainly looked-as if thoy had a very,.rough time
of It when they,came down.
' J, W. Gray has pulley downJiis
house ln French camp and taken tho
timber; etc., to West Fernie where,thoy
ls going to rebuild on a piece of land
of his own.      7
Mr. 13.' H. Balderson was called to
I^etlibridgo last week ou account of his
wife being taken seriously ill.,
, A special train was run to and from
(Fernie last Saturday night,'giving tho
ladies a chance to do a little shopping.
. Wm. .McFegan has arrived back in
canip and has taken a contract with
Jack McAIpine to drive a rock tunnel
on the Soutluside of the creek.   ,,
Thos. Wilson was taken down to the
hospital on.Monday suffering from a
severe attack of rheumatism.-
Mr. George Egg, of tho I. C. S„ Fernie,
accompanied -by Charley Clarldge, of
Morrissey (and -who used to live- at
Coal Creek) were making calls up here
on-Wednesday in connection with the
banquet and dance to be held in Fernie
next Monday eveing. What's tlie
matter with father;-,, what's" he done?
'-'Walter'Ridyard, ah old,time resident
paid' a'-short visit up. here on Tuesday evening, coming from Nicola Valley, where he has been residing" but
he is now on his. way for. a trip to
England."' , ,, ;.
° Mrs. Thos Reid was'taken to the hospital on Thursday afternoon to undergo,!, slight operation.
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
"■ ,   BarberShop
Shoe Shine
Bowling AllSys.
Billiards.and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwnod Buttermilk
-- /,
, Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.*      Phone 34
,-In^a parish in Wales, ,where, ..very
little^ English was spoken, a -genteel
Tnwting*^*a^'ti^id7~to^onsrdef the de
sirability of putting a chandelier into
the schoolroom. Every one seemed in
favor of the idea.
v, "Do you think we ought to have
one; Mr. Davies?" said the schoolmaster to a venerable parishioner.
, "I-agree tb it," was the reply, "but
there ls one thing I wish to know. If
we have a—a— •
"Chandelier," said, the school master, helping him out..
"If we have a chandelier,' the old
man continued, "who is. going to play
CARDIFF, Wales, Oct. 10.—Tenders
have been Invited by tho Coal Exchange In behalf of the Egyptian state
railway for forty thousand tons of
American coal. It 1$ reported that
this Is Intended as nn experiment
to ascertain whether Amorlcan coal is
n suitable substitute for the Wolsli conl
now used,
Itw | imy a.LWiu_>C lu dut»lU»U» It iu th* Duta-
theilnlon for some «lm* to come would
M,.„T     «r.M    ,-,»    M,', t„     f   11 1ii<
'■•"-       "     '■       I
*tud*ntn would hnvr lo pny nM ihrvr'TMinfl
own expended. Kncn student would)nnd up with the red fins:, nnd away
hnvo to travel on nn average over a! with bricks and bottles to the flno
thousand miles, loso bis wnites while) mansion of the "nwistn" Lavour, nnd
attending Iho college, nnd pny at least j to tho homes of thr> <>ngtii«M»r»; to tho
fIVO dn11f»r« n   w™V fr,r  Tlt-f....  "v.,.   «„t      ?,..    r.F  lly   -r. -   .     .*.;,-„-..;.•'
tion.  i'JiU'li a proposition, It will bet the Funeral
«ccn «t once, Is entirely premature and J   „ wag ib„ CTHnIi WMirnggled widows
Impracticable.    On tbe other Imml, II ] of M#,rlM»„rli flnllAumlnM. and lllllr
a year will bring a weekly labor P«l>er Mont,„Jiy wlt0 hM);w th<> moLB „,at
ti> any workingman for a year.    Ho;
can read It In spare time, without nny," '
limn to himself. In Its columns he,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦
will lesrn not ttwortei (however fundamental they may he), hut'pr*clk*r
courses of action. Every dollsr thns |
c*-*irlbou>i| to «j« labor j»«*s luty,,
fa make It stromter In behalf of •it**;
cause, more, powerful to combat the-i
etrftntes of Ik&or. j
'VUw Uk»or pr«<»» *«• wonderfnlty rr»- ♦
spenslre loiopport,   IWng sbsol«t*ly )♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
Anyono having any Information con
coming Joseph Victor Trotller, who Is
believed to have worked ns minor In
olthor Alborta or IJ.' C„ Is onrnestly
requested to commuulcato samo to
Mrs, M. TROTTIlim,
277, Snckvllle St.
Toronto, Ont.
Other lnbor papers please copy,
A Policy
Is a soldier to help you in the
battle of llfo. .When your
buildings are Insured, ,
You Feel
You know that wood nnd stone
may bo destroyed; but h policy
In our company Is Indestructible Whllo tho houso Is burning tho policy changes Into
Insurance     Real Estate
Printer's Ink
When tued on Rood pre«ei and
neatly displayed typo lor your station*
ery is valuable. We hive every
facility for doing ll\e h-»l of job work
and at a minimum piuc,
All *6»1 miners are urged
stay tway frem A»&«rt« snd
Oritlsh Celumbla, as the strike
Is still eft.
S'PATSY  HENRY, wllh  the Juvtnils!
»kBosfenl*ns, Grand Thsstre, Oct. 18th [
New Michel
& Blairmore '"..y';,.   - - .'    ._ #    ;' •   .. -    ' "        -     - ' "' '" y7;v -y.Jtyy   y /-/'--/y-y        •'  " :"'-- ■- ..:  "'•■    '    ^v-r-u"''7:y'*'''7:^C'"V---'^ "•■     -7 " "^
■V .        ■'• , 7  THE DISTRICT LEDGER^ FERNIE, B. O.i^OCTOBER 14/1811."
:..-;-. yyvy7
*kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkAkkkkiikkkkkkkkkkkkk-k*kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk *
Lessons  to he Learned
From Mine Fires   J^r
The important influence ;
of of power ventilating:;
currents;; in spreading/
fires in mines. ,7
n  i  i  i  i ,  i  t i  i  •
At a recent session of the Mine Inspectors' Institute, the following paper
•was read by John Vern'er, Mine Inspector, of Chariton -,Iowa:
The value of a lesson of a mine disaster to be of practical.use as a guide
for devising means of prevention of a
possible occurrence of a similar nature does not depend on painting the
calamity in vivid colors or in giving
in harrowing details all the suffering
and horrors caused by it or in heaping
blame, deserved or otherwise ,on state
and mine officials, but rather on a
careful, fair, and full Inquiry Incompetent,men, including miners, into all
the causes of the disaster, and a well-
ccnsideixMT presentation of the influ-
' ence of each.
After, the Cherry fire nearly ail these
things were done, but there was evidently one mistake made that ,in ;ny
judgment impaired the future value of
the disaster's lesson materially. While
the presence   of   the'torch with its
burning drops of oil falling on the hay
was given a prominent place as the
main cause of the fire and „was denounced as a great menace and blunder, although the use of such torches
at shaft bottoms was fairly general
ln the mines of this country, the fact
that the great draft playing on the
0 Incipient blaze was really the most
powerful and determing ■ cause in this
great disaster was almost entirely ignored.   Had this feature of the Cherry
. Wesson, showing the influence of    a
great draft passing through the shafts
and entries "as through a large blowpipe, forcing the rapid development of
a small Initial flame and producing
the most intense concentration of heat,
been given the prominence and emphasis It deserved, so its Import could
have been correctly appreciated and
' understood    by    mine managers and
mine employes,  It is  probable that,
had the knowledge so gained been put
',, to, proper use in theDelagua and Pan-
v   coast mines, the great loss of life in
them would not have occurred.   Min-
- ers and men in charge of mines generally see only the beneficial effects
of   a    strong    air-current    sweeping
■ .through the underground passages and
workings, and they do not realize-as
they ■ should  that  while ordinarily  a
large air .volume is highly desirable
and'necessary as a health an'd safety
promoting agency, in conjunction with
even a very insignificant blaze, it beJ
comes the most potetial force in the
destruction of life.-
."   The Delagua  mine fire,  that first
killed 33 men by smoke and then caused a dust explosion killing 46 more,
was evidently started by a piece ef
smoldering cotton or by burning tobacco thrown away by one of the num-
,ber of drivers who had been eating
their dinner in the- return end of a
^cross-cut closed by an unused door.
A large volume of air wits passing
. along tho intake and this pressure on
tho door was considerable, with the
result that jets of air were driven with
.»' groat force through the cracks under
and around the door from the intake
into tho' return and tho smoldering
fire.     Under tho forceful Impinging
of tho air tho flro gained rapidly, and
as soon as It had partially destroyed
tho door tho, nlr wns short-circuited,
tho cross-cut and vicinity became a
■   roaring furnace, the air rushing into It
with auch forco as to violently stir
,. up the coal dust and carry It to tho
flro ln such nunntltios nn to cause tho
Bubsoqucnt oxploslon.     This disaster
would not havo occurred If tho driver,
who passed  tho cross-cut after tho
mon had'loft It nnd who noticed some
smolco there, had stopped and put out
tho yet Insignificant flro.     No doubt
this driver rend or hoard all about
tho Bonsatlonal features of tho Cherry
calamity, but his reprehonslblo and
culpahlo neglect   to   investigate and
promptly extinguish the fire showed
that he,knew nothing of the instruc:
tlve features of the Cherry lesson. It
is possibly unjust to condemn this man
too severely, and a large share of the.
moral, responsibility for the accident
must be assumed by the mine manage
ment, if it can be shown that the management, with a great lesson before
it; neglected to profit by it and failed
to make such preventive plans- and
arrangements as the lesson may suggest. ,      b
The fire in tho Price-Pancoast colliery started in an underground engine
room while the engineer was temporarily absent, and its exact cause nas
not  been established.     A brisk air-
current was ^passing through the engine room.     The management of the
mine evidently recognized  the possible danger from  fire, for pipe, lines
were laid  to  different parts', of the
workings to provide a ready water supply ln case of need and a tap was placed in the engine room.    The arrangement, however, while commendable; in
a general way, proved not as effective
for checking fire as it should have
been.     A tap with hose attached located at the centre or on the return'of
a mine stable where the "air flow is
always in the same direction, with the
air entering at one end and going out
at the other, would be useless Infighting a fire that" had started near the
intake of the stable, and so it was
a mistake to locate the tap in the interior of the engine room in the Pan-
coast mine where it could not be reached when most needed on account of
the fire and smoke.   The logical location for the tap, if intended for available fire protection of the engine room
would have been at its intake opening near the sheave wheel.    From the
report I have regarding the fire it appears  that  in   this  case,   as -in  the
Cherry   and Delagua cases, the combustible material present and burned
was only a factor of secondary importance; f.nd t.bii the most powerful
and dangerous factor in spreading tbe
firei &o quickly was the strong draft
passing through the engine room.' lh.3
danger of this draft could have-been
greatly decreased by Ihe erection of.ji
door In the cross'-hf.'djr.g (the air outlet) connecting the engine room;with
the turn but.'   The cn^'neeru whenever
TPT'Tii^dTo^Ieave'llie'Toom^for- a lew
minutes  could have closed the door
and there would have been no excessive draft available to, start.a dangerous conflagration during his short absence, and, if on his return he fourind
the engine room on' fire ,the tap at
its entrance' would have provided 7a
ready water supply for instant' and
effective use. ,.       ,■      .  , '
Tlie recent legislation In Illinois and
Pennsylvania covering the fireprooflng
of shaft bottoms, underground stables,-
englno rooms, etc., is commendable,
but at best it can only affect very
small parts of any mine,- parts, too,
that hy reason of location and through
tho advantages of having almost constant supervision, already have a great
er monsure of protection against fire
than the less frequented Interior mine
workings and passages. Tho use of
more or less timber and wood in riilncs
cannot practically, bo dispensed with,
and an alr-ciirront of high velocity
must often traverse some parts of tho
mlno ln order to render othor parts
healthful and safe, and under such
conditions there will still be danger
that specific legislation like tho above
cannot bo dopondod on to remove.
Conl mines, the natural storage
places of n vast fuol supply, cannot
bo mado flroproof, but that'does not
menn, notwithstanding tho occurrenco
of throe disastrous mine fires In less
than two yoars, .that ,hey aro fire-
traps, for I bollovo I i.m Justified In
saying that thoro Is loss dnngor to life
from fire in the ordinary mine having
fair care, .than'in many factory buildings and .manufacturing establishments
on the surface that have been examin^
ed, and pronounced reasonably safe.
•' The most impressive and .valuable
feature of the combined' lesson of the
three mine fires is the fact brought
but . that , forethought, preparedness,
and timely action on the part of man
constitute the best and most reliable
safeguard  against" the occurrence of
disastrous  mine fires in the future,
and the lesson also shows plainly the
necessity and advantage of instruction
and training"', of the mine worker to
make him a dependable factor, and tb
accomplish this'I suggest the enactment .of a general law that, in addition
to-requiring the providing of certain
safeguards of known merit, will direct
that mandatory   frequent   Instruction
be given the mine employes regarding
the causes of mine fires, their danger,
their prevention, the manner' of dealing with them promptly and effectively, and the arrangement for notification and withdrawal of the mine workers in. case   of   danger—Mines and
Miners., „
LOOK FOR        '''
&£ CAftEFUtTO    ""»-«
,      TORONTO - ONT.' ^th^
Text  of Proposed  Order  Concerning
the Establishment of Rescue      \
Stations at British Mines
WHEREAS five years ago the word Z&m-Buk
was unknown in Canada, and Zam-Bttk is to-day,
admitted to be the finest cure for skin injuries'
and diseasest
AND WHEREAS it has been represented to
us that there are still some good Canadians, and
even some mothers and heads of families who
have not yet tried this great balm, we hereby
offer a REWARD of one free trial box of
£am-tsuk to every person who has not yet tried
this wonderful balm i
PROVIDED they send by mail to us this
•M-pclamation together with c&c-ccnt stamp to
pay return postage of such box «
address such application to our offices at
Given under our hand this day.
A'draft of an order which Vhe Secretary-of State of Great Britain is proposing to make under the'Mine Accidents (Rescue and Aid) Act, 1910, is as
follows:   ".,''■ ' ? y ,' '
t The draft order gives (effect, with
some' drafting alterations, to ,the'' unanimous recommendations of a departmental committee (including representatives' of mine owners and miners'),,
which was appointed to frame'; pro-:
posals for an order under that, act, and
whose report was^recently presented
to-Parliament (Cd.-.,5550). In-accordance with .the requirementof the act;
the.order Is issued in the first instance as'.a draft. ' If within 40 days
from.^this date a general-'objection is
made to the order; that is,-an objection made/either, by j or < on' behalf of
owners-of mines employing not less
thau one-third ,of the' total number of
by the-order, or by or on behalf of not
less'than one-third of the'total" number
of men so'employed, the objection will,
under,the statute, be referred to a referee,' agreed upon by the Secretary of
State and the objectors, or, in default
of agreement, appointed by the Lord
Chief'Justice of England." -
7 In. pursuance of Section 2 of the act,
the Secretary of State gives the following notice:        '"*   : •
That he proposes to make an order
requiring provision ,to be made at all
mines to which the Coal Mines Regulation Act applies and in'which coal is
worked, in regard to the supply and
maintenance of appliances for uso of
rescue -work' and tho formation and'
training of rescue brigades, in accordance with the enclosed draft; copies
of which may bo obtained on application to tlio Homo Office; and that any
objection with respect to tho draft order by or on'bohalf of any person affected thereby must bo sent to tho
Secretary of State within -10 days from
this date, Every such objection must
bo In writing, and must state:
(a) Tho specific grounds of objection; ,and
In pursunnco of Section 1 of tho
Mines Accidents (Rescue and Aid)
Act. 1U10, I hereby, mnko tho following
1. This order shnll apply to'ali mln-
ob In which coal is worked; provided,
howovor, that tho Secretary of Stato
mny, If ho thinks fit, oxornpt from tho
ordor any mlno at which tho total num
bcr of underground employes la loss
thnn 100 If tho mlno Is so situated
thai in tho opinion of tho Secretary
of Stato tho organization of a central
rescue station from which If could bo
served Is practicable,
2, No person, unloBB authorized by
tho manager or offlclnl appointed by
tho manager for the purposo, or, In
tho abnonco of tho mnnagor or such
official, by tho principal official pw
sont nt tho surface, shnll bo allowod
to ontor a mlno nftor nn oxp'loalon of
firedamp or conl duit, or nftor tho
occurrence'of a fire, for tho purpose
of engaging In roscuo work,
3., (a) Thoro shall bo organized and
maintained nt every mlno, as soon as
lu rcaBonnbly pructlcablo, competent
roscuo brigades on the following seal©:
Where the number or undorftrounnd
omrdovea Is I«»hr thnn ?Kn ntir. M«»"(<«
Whoro tho nnmhor .of underground
employes Is more than 250 and loss
than 500, two brigades.
Whoro tho number of underground
employes In moro than R00 and Josb
than 800, throe brlKndfs.
Whore tho number or underground
onil'ployMi Is moro than 800, four brigades
But tho owner, agent, or manager of
a mine, nt which the total number of
.underground employes Ir l less than
tOO, «hall bo deemed lo hnvo compltod
with this provision If he hns acquired
the pilvlluito or calling for n brigade
from a central rescue station,
(b) A rescue brigade shall consist
of not less than flvo persons employed
at the mlno; carefully selected on account of their knowledge of under-
ground wurk, cooIuim** ami »*>««» oi
endurance, snd certified lo be medi
cally'fit,'a majority of'whom,shall!jbe
trained In first "aid and shall-hold-a
certificate of the St. John's Ambulance
Association, or of the St. Andrew's -As-
(c) "There shall be selected from
th© • ranks - of, each   rescue   brigade
one person or leader who shall act as
captain of the brigade. ;
(d) A brigade shall not be deemed
competent unless (1) it undergoes a
course, of training approved by the
Secretary of State; (2) after'the preliminary course of'training it undergoes in. every quarter at least one
day's practice at the mine with'breathing apparatus; ,(3) the'members of the
brigade shall have received instruction
in the reading of mine plans, in the
use and construction of breathing-(ap-
paratus,- in the properties • and detection of poisonous or inflammable gases,
and the various appliances used in connection with mine rescue and recovery
work.'    '■':■'.■-
(e) Arrangements shall be made at
©very mine for summoning members of
rescue brigades .'immediately when
their services are required.
(4) 7 If It'can be clearly proved that
the necessary number of persons.employed underground at a mine will not
consent to form a brigade or brigades,
or-having offered their services fail to
be trained or .maintain their training,
the owner,, agent, or manager of the
mine shall not-be liable to any penalty,
provided first,',that he.has endeavored
to the best" of his ability to constitute
the requisite-brigade or brigades, and
has afforded every opportunity to the
persons ■ employed at the mine to undergo the necessary training;, and se-t
condly, that he.has made a-bona fide
attempt^ to arrange for the supply from
a.central rescue-station of such res'^
cue brigade as -he is unable to provide
at mVmine.  :■ 7       "»
and  is  in  telephonic  communication
with' the mine.;   ;y ~   ■"„,       -'*• '       '
' If it can be shown that it is not pos-
sibleAt the date of this order,-tb procure thb aforesaid breathing apparatus
owing to the lack of supply, the owner,
n'genjt, or manager shall be.^deempd
to have complied .with this order if he
procures, such appliances, as soon as is
reasonably possible. . , ;
' (b) * There shall. be kept at ,every
mine tracings of the' workings of the^
mine up to a date not more than three
months previously/ showing the ventilation and all, doorsf) stoppings, and
air crossings and regulators,-and,distinguishing the intalteair by a different color from' the return alri' which
tracings shall be" In a suitable form
f.»r use- by the brigade.
(c) There'shad also be .provided
and maintained 'w,, every mln© wj.leh
rc&int8ins\a rescue .brigade .or brl-.
gadea: \ ,<l    \7-v ,r      _       •'"   ^
-1.   Two or more .small birds or mire
for testing, for; carbon monoxide.7   \
? 2' * Two: electric  hand lamps  ■ fo-
e\ch; brigade; ready'for Immediate use
and-' capableVof giving, at least 'four
in.,113 light..
3. ' One. oxygen'reviving apparatus.,
■-4.,, A safety,,lamp for each member
of'the rescue'brigade for testing for
flred§mpv;•-'/.-',77>,   ■    " "   ,■',-
'5. ' An'; ambulance "box provided by
the St: John's Ambulance Association,
or? similar "box;' together with antisep
tic "solution and fresh drinking -water.
6.. .There* shall be. kept'-'and maintainedin • every central rescue'station
not less than 15 complete sets of
breathing apparatus," with.-means".".of
■supplying ^sufficient oxygen or liquid
air to enable such apparatus to be constantly- used for two days;-and of
charging-such'apparatus;'and 20 elecf
trie hand-lamps; provided by;the'St.-
John's Ambulancb_Ass6clatiQn.-OL.simU
(a), There shall be provided/and
maintained at every mine sets of port,
able breathing apparatus in the proportion of two sets to) each brigade required by Section 3^ (a). ' The apparatus
must.be capable,, of enabling the wearer .to remain,for at least one hour in
an ii'resplrable 'atmosphere, and must
be kept ready for'lmmedlate use. The
apparatus must be' housed in suitable
receptacles in a dry and cool room.
' ' The owner .agent'or manager of a
mine shall be dbemed-„to 'have compiled ' with this 'requirement If ho has
acquired the privilege of calling for
such of these 'appliances as he may
not possess from a central rescue sta*
tion, always provided that the central
rescue station is situated not moro
thnn 10 miles by rdad from tho mine
reduced," and who'can-douot that'-the
lack 7of home- life",and,"of-ediicatibj.
have :played' a"great'. part"-{n [the deve1
lopment of that;hooligan element^qf
bur population'which'caused^so.mucfi
trouble lh7tb© lateindustrial^disputes;-
-  i -3       - . -* -i ,-  - •   --    * i.
Then we have the'sad fact that'-the, ac.
cidents to half-timers are'' proportionately quite double in- number' the ac-:
cldentS'to adults where the time worked. Is taken, into- consideration, this
being, due tb the- little- ones, failing
to ^recognize' ,the! dangerous- character
"of- the .machinery! amidst which tliey
•. - > ■-,     '_■ <     "     ' -»   -   ,. ' i
move.   ,        ••... ./."; -       , ,.n -j-- ..■ •
, "Ot course.the economic position'of
the'- people '.will be -raised, but it lis
well-known that,the income of th©
average Lancashire cotton operative
family is far, above that of/other sec7
tlons "of the working class, |, Government' investigations ■ also . has shown
that the" cry of the widow.'and orphan
Is to,a great degree a myth.". And after
all, what does 'the half-timer earn?
The "Departmental Committee' .proved
conclusively that the-average,weekly
wag© In Oldham was only 2s. 7'4d. and
In Blackburn a matter of'is. 2%d. ,,.
"It is said that an early training
in the Industry tends to produce . a'
better worker, , but experience . has"
shown that the person who has. spent
some time on his . education proves
more serviceable .in ".the complicated
engineering trade. Further, Industrial
Scotland has'1 proved conclusively that
there'Is no necessity for the half-timer
arid this type of child has practically
ceased tb exist in Huddersfleld (where
cotton mills,"are to be Jfound) and ln
Nottingham (where loomB are 'run',to
weave lace).' j     " '    %
' ,','NoVl am satisfied that the matter
In Lancashire is mainly one of custom,
if .not of selfishness, and I ani glad to
see that another,ballot ls to be'taken
or the subject'" Still/if the- result
ls adverse 'to'abolition'it; ought not to
deter (Parliament, for' had we waited
for some sections of the people tb give
consent tb .compulsory national education we, should probably not-have-'got
it in ,1870. Still, one would Ilk© the
consent of the. majority ^o'f the cotton
operatives, and.I am glad Mr/Thomas
Ashtori/the spinners' president/came
6ut'/ovboldly for abolition.^■'• It is, also
pleasing,to riot that Mr^William Mul-
liris,'the cardroom.workers' 'secretary,"
has warned the members 'of the.' Amalgamation that they would do Veil, to
accept the" Government^ proposal for
abolition of the .systerii. by'instaiments,
otherwise. they might get",.something
worse."—Manchester: Evening- .Ghrbri-
icle/Eng.„-„   V      ,',/-',!7 r. 7,/?- .    ,
yJOHN BARBER/D.D.S.,.'L D 3.,,
7;y;v ^/7pENTIST ;;..   .'?Q^
Office:^ Henderson! Block/ Fern|e,-, B.Ci*
"'-1'"^.'Hours:.--8i30/-toM • 2!to 5. /,;...
,, Residence:'"; 21/''yiptbr!a, Xyeriue..
,: y -.
W.R. RossK. C.
y/y W'M.^A7
W. .S.Lane
and LANE
' '/.yCanada."
v-./y ■'.' " /y.'-v,
Barrlster-at-Law, Solicitor;
F. C. Lawe
:-Alex.'-1.; Ff«he»,
Kr boxes,'-together ,'witlr. antiseptic so-
lutlgn-andJ^ggh..drinking water; cages
of biids'anamicej'a motor-car shall
be kept'in-constant readiness.
• 7:, Every'. central rescue <■ •' station
shall Jbe .placed under the • ihimedlate
control of a competent person conversant with the use of the appliances:
8. ;" There shall be adopted at every
mine such rules for the conduct and
guidance of, persons employed: ln rescue ' work' in or about th© - mine as
may appear best calculated for the
carrying out of rescue operations, and
the reseue .brigade or brigades, if any,
maintained. at the mine - shall be
thoroughly instructed' in such rules.
0. "Central rescue station" means a
station established to . serve several
coJHorles,—MlneB and Minerals.
/-Socialists . of - Italy*-' have?- just- won
another/seat in Parliament, ^carrying
ernriient candidate. ' Theiatter received 564 votes to 3,196 for,-the Socialist;"
who never before held the seat." .The
war'game Is'evidently not nearly-as
popular In Italy as the cen'soiized press
attempts to make th© reading public
believe. ' '    7" r v'     - ;   ,
Half- Timers' Lot
Ait Unjust System
Fernie-FoFf Steele.
Brewing Co., Ltd.
The decision of tho cotton workers'
trade unions to tnko anothor ballot of
tholr workors on tho half-time problem Is announced at a period when the
general body of organized workors aro
apparently showing an indication to
rid thomsolvos of tho Byatem altogether. l ,
A strongly worded resolution on tho
matter has been placed on tho agenda
impel' for consideration at the Tradoa
Unions Congross, whloh opens at New-
custle next week, Tills resolution
roads nn follows;
"Thut this Congress again affirms its
conviction that the tlmo lms arrived
for the abolition of tho "half-timer" m
our educational systom, Its continued
oxlstenco being, cruel and unjust to the
children of future citizens, and wasteful, both morally and financially, ln
addition to being a blot upon our professed civilization, and further that the
Parliamentary Committee be instructed to urgo upon the Govomment to
glvo effect to tho recommendations of
the Departmental Commlttoo, who considered and reported favorably for tho
abolition of the half-time system ln
Tho resolution—which is calculated
tn wiVfl T.irif.ni^trc1 nc|,'<? ,"!!1 ^c
brought forward hy Mr. W. V, rinwtry,
genornl secretary of the Steam TCn-
glno Makers' Society, who was responsible for the adoption of tho previous motion on the subjoct twelve
months rtfn
Worse than Robbery
Mr, Dawtry Is a London man by
birth nnd training, and since coming
to Manchester to act In his present office ho hnR been greatly perturbed by
the «ight of tho children of Lnncashlro
marching io work In tholr clogs on cold
winter mornings.
"Of course I know," said Mr. Daw-
try. discussing his resolution wllh' iiu
"Kw-ning Chronicle" representative, "I
shall hear something of the London
street trader. "I havo sold newspapers In tho streets of London, but—and
ILU U Important—l nev*r missed
school for (hat   puriwie,    Further,
there was nono of tho monotony of tho
mill tihlld'silfo/and London h taking
car© today to stringently restrict.tho
child street trader, and the proportion of children so engaged is relatively few—very fow Indeed."   '
"Tho problem Is ono worthy of tho
attention of all roformors," continued
Mr, Dawtry, turning to "discuss tho
general position of the half-timer, "and
I have tublod a resolution on tho subjoct bocniiBO, I am strongly' of tho opinion tho Congress should dovoto .nioro
tlmo to matters rip© for solution Instead of to problems whloh will Btlll
be up In tho clouds for many doendos,
I look upon this quostlon of the half-
timer as ono long ovorduo In Its solution, ■;,
"It Ib radically wrong that something
111(0 30,000 to 40,000 chlldron should be
deprived of tho full advnntngo of tho
education which the State, at so great
a cost to ltBolf provides, nnd, in my
opinion, this deprivation amounts to
something worBo than robbery.
How Hooligans are Made
"Let tho peoplo of Lnncashlro and
Yorlishlro Htrlp tholr minds of tho
commercial sldo of tho quostlon and
ask themselves, "Is tho system fair to
[\.L   Ul'uivit   touii   is)   lIlO   C0UtU»>7      U
In wrnnp to nny thnt the hnlf-tlmcr io
dull, and would not benefit by longer
continuance nt school, for It has boon
shown that some of the brightest
youngstors havo   boon   taken' • from
«r-hnol it t*.« r.osi KKfUrc igo/TUu
consldor the physical side of tho problem, , It Is no use for one to say'Yos,
look at burly David Shnckloton,' for
tho recosd of tho Lancashire towns Is
well known, and the demand on the
part of tho adult workers In tho cotton
mills for further restrictions In regard
to dust and humidity provo thnt oven
tho modem mill is scarcely tho place
for tlio urowlng child.
"Remember this early work does not
permit of the child having that ground
lng In education which would tend to
make attendance at an evenng school
serviceable later In life. Tho opportunities for a good homo life are ftlao
Large Airy Rooms & •
Good Board
Ross & Mackay E»
Stanley, St  - Nelson
Best Family and Working man's
Hotel In City! nicely furnished
rooma with Bath. Beds, 0Ooo
each, mtals, 35c. -f   ,
A Unidn Hbtise
Prop., J. ft. BABRATT
'   ' -7  "'' "    ' \'--'
Fernie, B.;c.v '..
A., McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
,iv. >,-/.yy-•'"/,■ 7 ■./;, --V-
ers in all kinds of Rough 7
"- -,: y.-y v.-",. -.""'/jy -"-■
y and Dressed Lumbers >f;
Seiidi usjouir orders
- ,r-'>,.   .- '       •» -  -—   i.,i       ...-. j,
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help.
- * #
\ Everything '
seo us once
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
>  Gents' Furnishings
.1-   ■
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A nlltbl* Fr*nch rtgoUtorrniwr fttli.. Thm
pllli sr* •ictMlnirr Mwttfql In
„...- if» SIC*.   ...
cwmttf* ptrHo*
illchtip tmtlilioni, Dr,d«Ym's art tald it
ttln nnv. nrtSrntttrirVn,   Hfnifcf 11 any Milati.
Vfi* smImH Drug Co., lt< CsttuurfASf, Onl.
for Sale at BltMdell's Drug Stars.
Lliard Locsl General Teamsters No.
141. MootB'every Friday night at
8 p, m. Miners' Union Hall. W.
A Worthlngton, President; ID., J.
Good, Socrotnry,
Bartendors' Local No, 51*1 Meets 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays ot 2,80. p.m. Sscrc
tary J. A. Qoupill, Waldorf Hotel
Qladatono Local No, Q314 U. M, W. A,
Moots 2nd,and 4th Thursday Miners
Union hall,    J). Jloen, ttov
Typographical Union No, B58>   Moots
1n«t PM'T^iy In est1; rsssih si ilii
Lodger Office. A, J, Bucliloy, Sec-
'relaryi ' '' '. ■ ,'   •'
Local Pernio Ne. 17 B. P. ef C. Meets
In Minora Union Hall every Sunday
at. 7.45 p.tn. Everybody welcome. Di.
Taton, 8eortelf»ry-Trea»uror,
Amalgamated ftoclsty,Carpenters and
Joiners:—Moot In Miners Hall every
altornate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
"Ward, secretary. P. O. 807.,
United Brotftorfiogd of Carpentara and
Jolnsrs^-Loeal 1220, O, J, Evans,
Proildolitj V, II. 8Uaw, flccretary.
j\r." y*'
. .,«■«......»
mamtm "-,'; i|7 y
.>vr- ■-
.-',^-r...     *
TEg (iPffiroiCT 7LEDGEB; FERNIE, B. C, 0CT0BE&;i4; 19117
iWM^sNe^Qo^^ ii
■-fc.'W i. i\    -v.-,-,.-..-'.',     ..'•       ■■-  ..'■*;•-.<     v  » " u;-" • -^-'
/ ■-..*•;«'.. .;•:-.-.'i-'-j-. <>.£ -..-'-.i-     •".■■- !;i*'.''-,v^.'.V-:'r-:'J y,"
■l .".:;.lysttowarysaa /.Z,/,-
''\7 "•-';"-7't*." 7 •  '-y g^-' "'-7'" -»'-  c,7i."-':;,-'
. sKParu denmenulo - jak:<- jaotrymaw
'/ •"•> lys'ta'kbtrljI'zaczynaje sle'liuzo fodymy
//.■':-..•■."-slowomy-.7 -  .');   "■•■■ >■>• i>y•:'.'■'   :'"
J/iy-■«',      '-    5DorohlJ Towaryszu... ,-.„  I.-y
I .'-V ' Wjlun'ajtyd.' Stye • je 1,000,000' psib
''   r hotrl -zacrypojlut iswojl Jysty,',,pysaty,
,- •   Dl" Towor'ysru, *$£ W.' Nimechchy'nft je
y.'f' 3,000,000'kotrlftok'samtf.pysrut d-tbw.
■ ;7azaklneru]lut/, ^lowamy"" borotbl    "za
';.■ 'C prawdu.'.FrancyJi,7l;000j006;, :Awstrlji
:,/ _, 860(b0,,w7Bolgljli300,6'00/w,Italijl}25P,-
'"■7'000,7w lHngll.ll,' 100,000,, Swlzerliandijl
100,000, w Denmark 55,000, w Srwepyjl
„_,"; , 50,0b0',;-ff;Hoilondljl 40,000," Hisrpanijl
^   30,000.     Amusymo znoty srcro .kozdlj
'■"'   Socljlallst . i ri,w": borotbl "zaprawdu
-,.    Bplysr z'najemb srcro tllko odna Par-
';',/" tyjlo strymyC do llpsroho zytia use je
- - Socljlollstycrno-pa"rtyjio   kotra   wede
r ;borpdbu z -kapltallstora kqtri fobueru-
munarodowy nedojmt radnoho Bpbkd-
•",■7 j lu."c' Wozmlm Yluhojtyd    srtye -se
,-7/welykljkroj 1 tohotyj ntur je'10,000,000
"      Liudej kotrl cilkom-nemojlntsrcroho
■■'.   f zyty 1 lnemo de  zarbbjrty,  anl jlsty
;. /. altlko    slahyh v/srcro; „ spodljlut    sla
"    . smerty.   A crerez srcro to brak roboty
> brok pomesrkonle" 1 pdzwyj I syby, za
/upadajlut -1' ,tok   wRorotkln srcro si
' po bysroje'sejroj I ide do carstwa. ,
Welyklin"mlscl Chlkago- zynszczyny
.pracyjlut po1'61)' hodyn- na-tyzden.any'
; dlstojiut  90   ce'ntlw.  yZa  tojlm/tok
dobrb/platiat. srcro". .robllot   kozdoho
tyzdntaw, rbcl. f Druhl po.l. triclt cen-
'tlw  tok srero -bini  distojIut'/naVrlk
, 2Wi: wlsi'm desiot' c a druhi '37d. atretl
'42dl dwaclt c'.' 'Tak^'srero-onyst'oho
wyzyty ne hodnltok srcro dytyna bllsre
potrebuje jak jejt'moma'za robyt-za
rlk.     '   ' •'. / v'. .,"_    " .-.      .- -, ;-
; Tak somo wsim'kpojlu bohatim pra-
cluje.80,000  ditej.^duze  molodenkoho
,   wlku. - -'Tlazko" wony praclnjint w tyh
-.-' kapitallstyernyh fabrykohadni na din
druhl ,nanler srcro inalo toho sbnlerka
/ -'wydlat srcro'swityt po calim switowy.
Aplata. aj'strasrno pysoty. .   Robyty
r-: -.dwanbjclot * hodyn ^dls'toty plotnl de-
slot srisc 1 pjlat centiw/   Tasut takl
■y srcro, robliat po bdynaclat-misiaclw na'
/   nlcrnu srlftu. ;-; Kobywony zaslatnut-to
Tkapitallsta niaje tokohb okomana-srero
.   . jizdyt.hota- w'hotu 1 zhonlejje doroboty
■ . tidnylr dlet'ej;'; Bidnl dity muslat. 1 ty
y - bo utratiat robotu-aja/ roboty.-, Tak
' / isamo 5Q.00O ''ditet' hndyt. ifln Bi-lrinhy Whlnl
"i~ dnl obdeftl srcro jim blgdym .1    to
., ■  ovkola ny mylo.   Chomu'  kapltallBty-
;     crnl dlty, ny .'akl, wony mojlnt dosyt
"Jlsty pyty ubyrojiut sla'.za bo'wliojiut
,    sla a z witky zbldrioko Robochoho nar-
-,    oda to, i. tyh "ditlj = "srcro praclujut .V
,' fabrykoh, kapitallstyernyh i marhujut
- awajo ,molodenky zdbrowllo dlia.nyh.
;' Chomu dykillndy inozut doleko Hpsre
',    zyty srcro nerobllot. ' Amy robymb'l
'    my  tllko produktu;-wljtworjlujemo ' 1
tak,tlazltb zyty nQ"'tlj zemly..   Koby
Rosyjia 1 Japonljta  za crola rlzaty
,  odnl druhyni karky tohdy Japonekl two
1 powldomyby" awojiii' tow.     Rosyjskyt
tak.-   Dorohl Towaruarl koly nasi-, 1
wnar, car plcrnuby wijnu Irlzanynu
, maty, mlz Narodom. 1 wybyty troha naro
■  du I zahrab'aty usl majno bo Rosyjsklj
■ "'car   to bllyj a hoar   tb zowtlj to  uzo
welyka rlsznycio.    .Nlo toworysrl my-
,.    zynomy nymairlznyclhybaniyzy Car-
omy   Robltnyky   cromu', jak   carom
srcros, nodohoda 'tb.croho win, phajl
Uld kullii robltnylco riehoj som i do to
.;-. Ilpsro zrobyt,',     '/''   '..   y '       t/-
, Otze to war'ysrl ustownjmo w Sool
- ,-Jntlsyernl rjlndy l'torlm.Bla za.llpsru-
-• dollu Potrifllm tok kapitnllstomy, Jak
wony jinmy trjlnaby   1   preJdo'croB
•orotok ,1 , zrobymo.     Wstawnjmajmo
,  wljlndy srcro eosl mllljlony uzo Btoly
1 wyborem HpBro' zytlo dllo sobo   I
,    -Ulia Bwnjlh dltej.
Wnsr loworyBjr w borotbl
Porekutoh     , '
t y ■       .■•.'■'- -' d.-l.
Wasr tov/nryBO,
sinj' et, Delattre pour le Borlna^e. !-.;-
\iLa/s6ance es't oiiverto ai0"h.";% du
matin.'/'/ \'-7'   ."' 7 ' / /-••- J-'-■!>"-,
y.tei traducteurs' Smits . et/ Kotiren
Bont" a leur;poste Ingrat. •    ., - ' -y
*7-LocltoyenEdwardB,1 dSputfi angalals
preside:--. -,<?7/,       "" w-,. " '   '"-.:
•/EnpassanC 11 fait allusion aux dlf-'
fereiids'.entre -nations/quo;tehtent de
order les capltalistes. -., On veut forcer
les;" ouvrlers dev pays dlfferents a se
hair mutuellement;  . Cela rie sera pas
les mlneurs   d'Angleterre,   d'lrlande,
d|Allemagne, de'Prance, de Belglquie,
etc., sauront rester'unis et se lever s'll
le fautpour le blen des travailleurs
du 'monde entler. '• (Longsapph)    '
•' Au'nom-des Francals, Lamendlri re-
mercle les camarades anglais de leur
declaration en fdveur de la paix.
Au nom des delegu^B beiges, Maroll-
le. •'. "flouB sommes un trop ixstitipays
pour'dire notre mot-en ce qurconcerne
les confllts arm^s.malB n6anmolns 11
faut qu'on sache, que" la classe ou-
yrlere beige yeut'.malntenlr l'etat 'de
palx actuel afIn' que la socldte humalne
poursulve" aa-'march'e vers son Ideal,"' -
Le cltbyenHue, d^putd allemand.'dlt
L'anriee dernlere, nous avons vu, a
Bruxelles," une reunion internatloriale
des 7 patrons., mlneurs; l'Internationale
des capltalistes done' ".■   '
Spirituellement', Hue ralile les capi-
tallstes .qui nous>accusalent, d'antlpa-
tribtismelors de nos permiers congres
et qui; m'alhtenalnt s'unissent Interna-
tiohalement. ' I^s voila blen les pa-
triotes!- .'(Appl.) , .' ^ "'. . ■_ ,
/Lecitoyen Jarolln,- president des
mineurs autrlchlensi1 rem'ercie - Edwards pour ses paroles de bienvenue.
Le presentant suedols Lundberg ex
'Oh,- it's Tommy this, an' Tommy tliat,
. '   an/Tommy Is a Brick!"
prime les sentiments de fraternity des But,it's ."Give the'blighter's powder!"
mineurs de son'pays.-
La.premiere question a l'ordre du
deuxieme jburnee est cclle-des inspec-
teurs ouvriers, mais le d61egu6 alle--
mand n'dtant pas arrive", on passe au
second point:..<  ... y
;'- Nationalisation-Des; Mines
Alphas; d61^gue hollandais. II' y a
actuellemeht on Hollander Sept." Mines
dont'quatre appartlennent' a: l'Etat.
Celul-ci, creusant ' en. moyenne '■ une
mine par; annee II enresultequeios
charbonnages appartenant Via nation
vfion't plus nombreux que' les autres.
_>LeS_01JVrIprB.lleB_mlTl,oa.rlQ 1117*nt-_«T
beaucoup mleux-traite's'que.ceux des 0n. It's "Tommy   this,   and'' Tommy
22me C0NQRE8
Premiere   Journte.—La   86anoe
La premiere Bdnnco est prdsldoo pnr
lo cltoyen Edwards, dCputd mlnour nn-
Rials, 'ICIlo a lieu dnns lo vnsto hotel
do Westtrflnslor Palnnce oil lo con-
sres dolt no rdnulr,
Les ddltfgue'i belgOB sont: Mnrolllo,
Caoluweurl ot Lombnrd pour In Fddrtm-
tlon natlpnalo;' Dojardln, pour lo bas*
autres charbonnages; cela provlent de
ce'qu'lls e:mploierit ,1'actlon politique.'
• L'Etat actuel est politique.'*   SI houb
voulohs le forcer a nous blen traitor,
il:faut que nous nous emparlons de/Ia
force politique et que-nous contlnuions
a nous unlr 6"conomlquehient.     (Appl-
audlssemehts.)        "      ' ,','   , -
On "reprend le premier point
, Inspection Ouvrloro des Mines -
On' pasBo' a la de queBtibn de l'brdro
du Jour. \      .'    „>,     .-. '•:    •
.   Rlglementatlon des Conditions' des
"' 8aialras  ' '■
On passe au 4o point:
Lol  R6glementant les Mines
Le Travail Des Enfant*
5. L'occupatlon dos onfanta, agoB do
molna do 14 anB, doit etro ontioroinent
Intbrdlte par la lol dnnB I'lndustrlo
mtnlere. , U dolt en etre'do momp do
l'occupatlon do pei'Bonnes agebs de
motns de 16 hns, dnna lea travaux sou-
torralns.—Allomngno. ,
Riglement du Travail dans les Mines.
■ Nous deslrons oxprlmor notro Indignation eur IpB conditions sous lesquol-
Iob leflmlnoiirB vlvont a prdsont dana
bonucoup do rdglons charbonnleroB n
cause des miserable^ mnlaons .qu'llm
dblvent hnblter, et nous roclnmons don
dlvore gouvornementB d'lntrodiiire doB
lols sur les domlcilofl qui wmdront Im.
POBBlblo l'etat des cIiobob actuel; do
plus nous domandonB une lol qui em-
poohera roxpulslon dos ouvrlors' do
lours domeuroB durnnt Iob confllts In-
R<glementation de la production
Lo' congros ostlmo quo cotle rdgle-
monition est dealrnbloB, qu'll y a lieu,
poiir y arrlvor, d'omployor toun Iob
moyens a la portce dos Hyridlcnts, do
mlnourB ot notnmment lo chomngo In-
tornntlonnl bn cas do bosoln.--IlelBl-'
quo, . '
Nmifl sonimoB d'avlB qu'on eaB do
grovo gdndralo 1I11110 tin pnys, Iob federations dos mlnoui'B des pays voUlns
Ilmltont lour production par un chomngo, ddtormlnd.—Francfl,
List of Locals District 18
.id,         NAME 3EC, and P. 0, ADDRE88
2ft   nnnkhend p, Whentloy, Ilankhcad, Alta. '
llwl>^,|,   ..^...,v.    L.wIh,    ».,«   4. *..*.,.<,.
481 • Bollftvuo .T. nurUfl, TlPllflvno. Vrnnlt, M<n,
4J63   niolrmore  B.J, Ohano, ninlrmoro. Altn.
048   Iiurmls...  Job. Derbyshire. Bunnls, Alta.
,2227   Cnrbondalo , J. H. Hyslop, Carbondalo. Coleman, Altn.
.X387   Cnrdlff j, Toole,. Oardlff, Alta.
1878" Cnnmore  N. X,  ^xonnV, rirm,,^ .^v,,
flMS   Coleman.  W. Oraham, Coleman, Alta.
J877   Corbln ...; J, Twlgg, . Corbln, B.C.
J12G  Chinook Mines .... Wm, Forsyth, Diamond City, Alia.
8178   Dlnmond City.,.., Charles O/ban, Diamond City, Lothhrldgo.
2314   Fernie , Thos. Uphill, Fernie, B. C,       t
1288   Frank. O. NIcol, P.-ank. Alta.
Ml. .Hosmer \v, Bnlderstone, Hosmer, IJ. C.
1088   Hlilcrest  J. O. Jones, Hlltcrest, Alta.
&74   Uthbrtdge  L. Mooro, P. O. Box 113, Lethbrldro
Mi  Lothbrid«o Collieries Frank BAringham, sec., via., Klpp, Alta,'
J233   Wile w. u B»»ns, Lille, Frank, Alia
SS29   Jfaple Leat M. ailday. Maple Lt«f, Beliorue, Alta. •
8931   Michel....; M. Burrell, Mlchol, B. C.
t   II   Monarch Mine..,. Horace Woodleld, Taber, Alia,
2252   riuabucg; Win. Cookf, VassburK, Aha.
3SM  Boyal View Thos. a Flaler, Royal CollIeHes, Lethbrldire, Alia
102   Taber, tvilllam Russell, Taber, Alta.
198J  Taber , A. Patterten. Taber, Alia.
£",, . Vaoancet' An'riueliee".'^.-/i •{<[.
/Le congres-est dlaVla-'qu'll'y a: ileu
d'organlser chaque' ahpee line' periode
de 15 jours, de ^acances: aflii/d'bmpe-
cher la fbrmatioii' des-'stocksfde' char:
bonnet de permettfe aTouvrier !de se
repbser tout en malntehant lea saiaireB
a Tin, taux'suffisant' pour vivre; conYen»
ablement—Belglque." ■/'/,' '";7„-.-" '':'\\ -,
'.Ce congres est d'avls;qu'une periode
de vacarices de 15 jours'dblV^etre-in-
troduite;pour les mineurs/.'.'^Le/travail
dans" les mines est"',srTdange'reux ^et
nuisible aria sant6. que i'intrpductlon
de telles yacahces dolt etre'consld^fge
comme une neMssitey-Allemagne.'.,;
/ v7 -.■ Divers"/_; /• ■', '"' v-.*
Le' congres international'des mineurs aura/lieu tou's.les "deux ans. -En
cas d'lncldent* Important/'cbmipromet-
tant.les\lnte"r6ts des mineurs, le'com-
IM International, a le droit ■ do cbnvo-
quer ,iin congres extraordinaire.—At'
lemagne?4 ■  ' 7 " .''x .'   ' '. "   t
-On.'passe a Election 'du^ebmite" international. President Edwards; secretaire,' Ashton; tre"sorler, Abraham;
secretalres-cprrespondants lnternatlon-
aux, France, Lamendin; Belglque,. Mar-
ollle; Angleterre, Ashton7Allemagne,
Hue; Autrlche,'Jarolln.,. Comite* international,. Belglque, Caeluwaert/.Cav-
rot, -Marollle; France, Lamendin,-' Bar-
tuel, / Bexant; ' Angleterre, Edwards;
-Abraham;', Smelley; Allemagne, Hue\
Saxe, Riman; Hollande, Ebers; Autrlche, Jarolln.—L'Oiivrier Mineu'r.
./  ;'By;George Allah England,-
Walked^ into   a'. lecture • 'all,
' .thoughtful as could be.        7 '   ;,
The,, Professor  was" talkin', 'bout    a
thing 'e-called .Society. \    j
This'base an'bulwark, so' esaid, was
•US, the workin'man—   '"
The. stalwart yeoman, navvy, drudge;"
an' I to 'think' began:
•when the Wheels begin to stick!
The V/heels begin to stick, me lads,
The Wheels begin to stick!
Oh, it's "Give 'em lcad.an\baynicks,"
wheh^he Wheels'begin to sticlc  ■
strolled Into the 'Ouse one day; a
toff was' making clear,
That .We're the Economic IT, we're
'/'Skittles, Bread an' Besr!
Wot shall our Tommy . grovel" like
them pauper^ furrin "scum?
moves.we-gives a Farthin', to Alle-
,' vlate the^slum!"''7;	
economics of the provincial fair at
New Westminster hardly sounds a pro-
misingjBubjecVyet there are certain
points about the fair that may be termed .economical in every sense oithe
The most ^remarkable, and perhaps'
the most useful exhibit, Is that of the
gtsoline engine, as applied to farm'
implements. , It. is some years since
man first fixed a-gasoline engine on
four wheels' and propelled a vehicle
by that means'alon'g a road for some
few yeards, when he had to rise from
his seat, descend' carefully through a
naze of handles'' and levers to the
ground andi lying in the dust of tho
road, examine* the' so-called  machin-
■y of his engine;, "That is, it is some-
years only"as-^the' timerpasses now-a-
days, for it 'is hardly ten years at the
very. most.   ■ ■ ■ , •
Ten' years ragb; ,the provincial' fair,
at New Westminster was in many re--
spects very much as it is today'except- for the extraordinary development along certain lines which has
come about" by the refining', of ' pe-
trole.umlahq7itB_use .as7 a._mnH w/nnW-
that," an'please accept a Track,
An'.Tommy, see. we're givin' you a
Compensation Ackl/ "
An Old Age Pension an' Weak Tea,
A Milk-an^Water'Ack!','
But its "Rifles for the Rabble!" when
our starvin women sack!
I read a bloomln', leader an' I noted"
1 wot It said: -    ,,-
OUR workin'man won't never 'ave no
Visions 0' the Rod!'
Content .secure, conservative, ,'e'll pull
the country through, '    ',  -
'E'b patrlotlck, loves a lord, adores 'is
master, too!"
Oh, It's "Tommy this, an" Tommy that,
an Tommy Ib ALL RIGHT!"
But It's "Slug tho rotten Blighters!''
when;the' timoB Is gettln' tight.'
•The times Is growln' black mo lade,
an' bitter bad, an' tight!
Oh, It's "Give 'em Hell an' Blazesi"
■ when the timoB Ib growln' tight
I wont Into a big 'Igh Church, ah' 'card
a parson thero,
Declalmln' on our Virtues nn' a-bloBBln'
us In prayor,
"Gawd savctho British Workin'man,
preserve 'lm from all harm!'""   ,
Perfect Mm, Lord, an' Bheltor 'lm with
.    Thine Almighty ,Arm!" ■     ;,   y
It was "Tommy Ib tho Lord's Elect,"
W " "Ow'b your procloufl soul?"
But,It's "Curso on tho Outlaw!" when
tho drums bogln to roll I
The Btarvln' Horde cries out , for
An' drums begin to roll!
An' It's "ilo, there! Royal Lancers!"
whon the drums begin to roll I
Wo'alirt no Economic' Bricks, wo ain't
no Skittles, too.
But Mon With wives nn' nlppors, most
reinnrliablo llko YOU. -■-   *   •■••
Wo aro a irlflo wonry of a-bolu' Holy ,10UHO or ,mrn» n" tlmt ,fl «eeessary
> 20 contB' worth of Knsollne.   Knoil l
For, Ilarkt wo know a thing or two
'   nn* this is what wo know:
» 60 long as West End grub ls safe, an'
Dlvldendo nn,' "Tin,"
Thoy pat ub on tho bloody back an'
chuok our bloomln' chin.
But when the doolcs is piled viltli goods
Wot we won't cart uway,
An' rllowoys Idle—'coB wo wanln n hob
, or two, moro pay-
How Gasoline Engines' Have Worked
, Revolution . in Farming.—Wonders
.Accomplished by This Cheap and
Ready Motive Power.
er. ,, Ten > years-ago there were'no
motor'cars,standing round the great
center Vingl or parked behind the va-'
Housebuildings. 7 Yesterday afternoon
there'"were'twenty-nine , parked behind j the-Industrial building and at
least' ten .more were drawn up at the
northwest end' of the ring. This was
early in the afternoon so that the
number was probably doubled by five
o'clock,   y
The advent of the motor'car on
the .farm has been full of significance.
It1 is said,that the farmers now use
a motor car as a matter of common
sense and economy. It is certain that
the .farmers',! eo-operatlvo societies depend 'on the motor lorry for quick
collection of tholr produce, and whether theothor car is used as a means
of pleaaure or utility' the greatest
trade development of modern days
1ms been tho farmer's motor car.
Work 8moothly and Deftly
But aside from tho motor car tho
gasoline engine reigns supreme In ono
building and tho sound of Its otorncl
whirr fills 'the air with constant complaint against work. It sounds llko a
complaint, but tho sound Is docoptlvo.
The englnoB work so smoothly and so
deftly that thoy seem on close Inspection U/bo taking n poBltlvo pleasure
ln tholr work. And tho work is ap-
parenlly limitless, Harnessed tb
pumps, they supply water from' tho
woll to tho farmhouse; shift tho belting and tho wood Is sawn for tho'May
In n fow minutes; thon tho roots are
out, tho food mixed, tho oats clcanod
If nocoHBnry, ,tho mangle turned, tho
cronm separated, the butter mado..
Whatever a mnn or womnn can do
thnt ubiquitous ouglno Bcems nblo to
do by merely pnntlng n llttlo and np-
plying Its onorgy to turning n wheel.
For n ono horBo-powor engine, which
BoomB sufficient lo run most of tho
mnchlnoB about   tlio  ordinary farm-
Why, It's "Tom, you Bastard! Filthy
Spawn! Ugh, Tommy,   you're   a
Skuukl" (
It's "Tommy, you're a Son 0' Dog!"
*oi limo Uitnr belly' shrunk!
It's-"Tommy, Whelp an' Anarchlskl"
an' "Shoot 'om out o' Hnnd!"
Say! • * • Tommy oln't no Bloomln'
Fool!      You 'bet—WR UNDER.
STANDI • ♦ *
Snrfnl rv»morrflf.fc HoraM, Milwaukee
engine.with tho guHolino and It win
run for eight hours and do whotovor
In doslrod of It,
To the farmer tho matter must ho
of great moment and IntoroBt, Horo,
Is powor hnrnoHHOil and lnbor supplied
In nbundnnrc, Tlioro oro mnchlnoB
for actually milking tho cows In tho
barn and nppnrently'inow-n-days all
thnt a farmer linn to,do on a cold
iiiUJUIJlti   <M  i'llll  UM.T ill  Ui-U, Jirt'hS  11 ii
bullon ,'ujd Djc /,\j:.<,Jjjjc t;.i,!iiii k.\x;j.,
tho r<*Ht.   Al loimt II looks IJko thai to-
tho uninitiated. 1
It Is a royolutlnn nnd one that hns!
sohw about bo Btiddonly thnt   It   In i
1   .,,1, ,      ,»,        f  .     , ,    . ,
forts. But thnt In duo course tho do-
volopmcntsrof U10 Hmnll engine will)
Btill furthor llRliun iho load of farm-
work Is hardly to ho doubtod, Al
rendy tho gnsollno engine Is used for
ploiiRhlng and threshlnjr and there Is
a nmchlivo In tho exhibition which
shows It nt work pres»ln« hay Into
balo«,   A saw requires a 3 lo 4 liorst1
.^'**rf '• wmy C«i»nlHB tWiMMWm nl ilii> fininini, uhivh.   n n«« in(,n™ >t mi norm''
than Ul aib»r d(«nur« put tnctttwr, wtd umii nw lui ,        », .
nn run iu wpnoi^i u> t» infunbn vm t trnt power engine.   Tho actual consump-
m»i»rnwn\«ntvm pnm«nn«mi it *\t**\ Iww and   ■•        - ..-.  • 	
IomI jKmmlWl *nd by eoniuntiy f»nmi
S^m^^^i/^^'un'S4, tion of Kflsollno Is two-thlrts of « pint
to tun with lout irmtMdl, prcnotmrrt II toranU*.
per hone-powor per hour.    Gasoline
routs from 20 to 25 cents a gallon, so
ikteQt* hw tnrt* Ctuitk to b* * noitiittimntJ di*-
t^tt^'^X^.Ta^Tr' r« ro"" ,rom w ,0 -•"* f*n'» • WHon. so
drw t« • t*MtMMnfuf,   It irw dlwctlv w Ih* tJooil
»<1 j MIHWM MrtiM* »f tb* $fttm.   Vh*f oflrr «»
Mid"! dotnw for *nr nw it f«t» to t\it».   Iknd
tor rirrultr* «nd f«llm«n|«l«,
iii,i?-n-J'J",:.>i,;Y * CO-TWwta. O**.
T»»» IW."f l'*».iy |',.:t totM.-.(ttrutiM
ot labor ond llmo Is worth.
To tho economist this Is tho most
striking fact about the provincial
fair.—Vancouver Provlnco.
CJ Advertising that advertises.is the
sort desired by persons, seeking
publicity for their wares..,
j . - 1
t V   ' -    . ' 1
C[f Selecting the medium is, important—the publication that reaches
the, people -r- the wage-earners—
^should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space.
Cf Its aii easy v matter to acquire
space, in a paper but its another
point to get adequate;, returns from
the ..outlay.
*9m9* <:
aye the ads that change often and
make interesting reading from time
to; time, giving facts and figures.
Cf Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper is not advertising. A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink.
, Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them, "weekly through
the columns of this paper* gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and, when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the now comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
Cf The, District Lodger has the
largest circulation in tho Pass and
should bo your special medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try—
can't toll until you try.
Address all communications to
The District Ledger
I $fe?
+'?:.Vi*. "....-
;. -.,'*-.<^;f
v- £??■.'
all- -
l    <
■P  ■
ufe-    '- -
-\"- "'.,--    V,-''*    '----^.-   ■ -.,."^----.,,1-       '   '&-.'- --■ ,'-->.-;•-" '     ■   "--.-  -\^   ■•"-'•-U-S-.>:--^yy.?-'----':--iKv7'-,--; ,;--.fv'<;   .C-=;^^«',7''77Vi-f"¥; '•il.V'1    .",-.--^ „.-"-',   -,v -Xj-'-•--'?75
-'iv -       -'-., «, • ■y.. . • >;j,   . .•'-.-.■"- t."-, '.'.-,■.   ', .v .       -;-"t"-' - ^7---.-^-yyy*- •-- **,   .-' ,.--,j-v-\-^-y.i:-;---y> •--- »',■?'"<■£' -\   'ft, ",.>'.-   ^v-*,'- -^^Tyy-.'-^-' ---'-y
.',■'-.. 'f       .    '-,■ ,-    .,:   ,   .      .       "7- '    -: .   , '   ..-. ^L-7 -'"'•-'v'-""'-'-,-''?:7,.' V .-•    ,x*...'      -,":■—-'' "«_V 7- ,-"--"'   --' 7    ■•''    ">'"•*"   N''-- *   ,   '*'■•..' "'• y~.¥-\~..i ' v,''-'«''   .'. ■-
.-->.  , .
Trading Company, Ltd.
The Store of Good Values
Eop Saturday and Monday. Get the benefit
Liquid Ammonia, 2 bottles ' ;  25c.
2 oz. Bovril   .....   30c.
, 4 oz. Bovril    .' .. .■  60c.
Steward's Liquid Blue, 2 for  25c.
Combination-Blacking, regular 25c, special 15c.
Lowncy's Chocolates, regular 50c, per lb., 30c 7'
Dominion Sardines, 6 tins for   25c.
Peas, Corn, Beans, 5 tins for ,,.\  55c.
M lb. Jars Potted Meats,,Fish and Game.. 15c.
1 lb. Glass jars Galatines °..:  45c.
, Old Dutch Coffee, regular 50c. lb., special "40c.
Canada First Cream," 20 oz. tins; 3 tins for 25c.
2 oz. Flavoring Essences ';  15c.
4 oz. Flavoring Essences   '....' 25c.
C. and B. Jam, 1 lb. tins, regular,25c, for..:. 15c.
C. and B. Marmalade,, 1 lb. jars   20c.
3 lb. Sacks Table Salt, 4 for ... • '..'.. 25c.
. Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars for :... ?,oc.
Floating Bath' Soap, 8 bars for :... 25c 7
2 lb. tins Table Syrup ....' :.'.. 10c, ,
5 lb. tins Table Syrup ' ........'  25c.
Salada Ceylon Tea, regular 50c per lb., for 40c.
Old' Dutch 'Cleanser, 3 tins for  25c:
\ - The W. R, McDougall- Bankrupt Shoe
Stock. ^ Special price concessions for Saturday to clear broken lines.
Matchless Overcoat Values
at $18, $20, and $22.
ucarmcu    ccsseeu    vaaammmx
OUR medium-priced Overcoats have made a
nalion-wide reputation for Fit-Reform.
Those, who know values, have appraised them at
their true worth—as the besl Overcoats that these
prices can buy anywhere.
Styles arc dislindtly new—weaves and colors are
simply superb—nnd the tailoring 13 right up lo the
Fit-Reform Standard.
You really can't appreciate Fit-Reform values
without seeing the garments for yourself.
Do so. Come in and let us show you all the new,
handsome, exclusive styles and pattern^ that Fit-
Reform has gathered for well-dressed men like
yourself. 433
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
■   -5     '     .  C
•i.V   •"-
7> -.." '■ ■".:
Miss' .Inez Holbrbob, of Elko, was
an out of „tbwn~ listener of the'Welsh
Choir. 7' •   -'-.-„;  :'.'.. /■. ■■(•„ > ...\
Jas. Haddad,-the-merchant prince of
liaynee Lake, was;in the city on'Wednesday, ■'   -:'   < '   '    " 7:"' '-   '   .'.
'.Miss Robinson,' returned missionary
from India, addressed the morning congregation at the Baptist Churchiiy
' Mr and Mrs." H. G. LdckhartY.qf .MiC;
liel; were visitors with the latter's parents'here this week. "',7'77.'\7.
. J. E. Dick1," of the local Dominion
Express office, has 'been located', at
Nelson pernanently as cashier.
- vLefs (s)pray." said Asst.. Chief
Wilkes, and the .passersby- were' besprinkled'with \Pairy Creek fluid.    '.
Several parties \yere^ in from Hosmer
and Michel on Wednesday evening
taking in the Wejsh Choir concert.
C, H. Liigrin, editor of the Victoria
(B.C.) Colonist, was In the,city,during
the week and registered at the Hotel
Fernie.       '    , '  ,
"I'm on to you," said Chief McDougal
as' he turned the hose on the dust in
Victoria Avenue, "and your ' name
shall be —Mud." *
,'Improvements:in the Fernie, Opera
House ere7being rapidly pushed. fpr7 j
wayd'to'completion;5.. v..'7 >7 ,;-.'"
7 ,The,new'dance hall' of .Dobson^and
Wili'ingham.,i.i's7having the ; finishing
touctiea^put. o'n this week. -' .„ . ,'• ■';•■-
:,rr.X** * .">..- "-.'!'. :,r?, ■;'
, • f. ,,,.'■,.-.-,.. <, ,.k.,v       ~    r^v, . ,»-"   ■".
1 '.'Mr.'and -Mrs/Ed. Marsham'left/over
the ;G.';N.ibn' the'10th, bound for Dorr,
where 7.Teddy^'hopes "f o secure '"a"; deer
during^the-week's' stay' in-.that. f ainous
game territory.' '; 7   '','."'~ "     t'"
'".,9fv'your peats reserved at.Sudda".
t;y's.f6r'the Juvenile' Bostqnians'.piny-
ing at. the Brand next'!Wednesday;^<-
. ,'Mrs7J.'aE.vDlck,'of Nelson, is hrthe
■c{ty'(yisiling' her .falbir.''- SheTretu'rns
on|Monday.   .;■ .y''";; \''\ 7' '.    /
: 5Il^,H- Bridge, vice-president' of the
Union [Land Co./, with offices'.'in Calgary and Edmonton,, was In Fernie
last week "transacting, business. He
was accompanied;by Mrs Bridge,.and
child, registered at'the King Edward^''
,We-are pleased to announce that
Mr. A.,J. Buckley, who has charge o£
the Typographical Department of the
Ledger, has- been successful hi an
advertisement, competition organized
by' Rice ,' Brothers,' of Dayton.' Oliio,
and this' week was" the recipient of a
cheque and a magnificent diploma.
Having regard to the-fact that some
.thousands, competed, Mr. Buckley's
achievement must be , considered as
particularly meritorious.' ,
Miss Eraut and nurses of the Fernie
Hospital will be at home Friday, Oct.
20th from 4 to 6-p.m., and the third
Friday of each, month.
Geo. Dunlop," of the Canadian Soo,
stopped off here this week on his return from Vancouver .visiting his .sister, Mr9. Wm. Reynolds..    '
'Don't throw any 'rice nor yet any
bouquets; but if you are looking for an
advertising expert Rice Brothers have
awarded a nice bouquet in.the shape
of a diploma to one whom modesty
compels us not to name.'   O-U-R Chee!
Sneak thieves.are still, plying their
contemptible trade in the North-end
and if not soon "stopped by the proper
authorities,'some'methods other tlian
soft, soap may be adopted. Picking
articles off'the front verandah before
S p.m. Is going some.     ,        ,"
,A1I Odd Fellows are reminded that
next .Wednesday night is' Second Degree Night, and a good attendance is
requested. .There is also some important .business to be'brought before the
brothers; and in .order "to expedite
matters it is essential that all who can
possibly do-so put iri an appearance.
Ci P.. R. Purchase^Water7Power; on
Adams Rivera-Capable, of^Big'-.D^
Owns.Water.Power in Mountains..-7
tion with 'the'prob;able;^uiniate?'eie>'
trification' of "a> pdrtloni.ofi; itsCl'ine-" in
th«;:mountains,", the;^5'fP^;R>^railrpaa
has acquired a„ water"\ppwer'7 on' the
Adams' RiveYy^hich7, flows-yinto the
South Thompson"Riyer;'ne'ar, the west
end'.of Shuswap 'iake;;/arid7tb.e':"titie
has' been vested in1:, the; name "'of JJ: S,
'Dennis, land commissioner of "the" comT
pahy.-"'    ■"   '  /f '"' -'.    -"'"'''""7:- '7 ''
The Adams, river flows' out of Adam's
lake'and experts have reported,that It
Is capable of developing-100^66b',horsepower rat two different points, between
the lake 'and; its (confluence1- with the
South Thompson.'It Is in a' heavily
-timbered country, "where extensive
lumbering operations. are now being
carried on.- '' ''.i,-'.;-       \.,   \
Water power in'British Columbia is
acquiring a commercial value it did not
possess a fe'w years ago. During a recent, visit to the Okanagan Valley,
Sir William Mackenzie?,' president, of
the'CT/N. R? railroad, bought the Col-
eau-water power and'charter.for building an electric tramline'-' through the
fruit growing belt of both sides of the
Oknagan" lakes! It' Is capable of developing 7,000' horsepower, a volume
sufficient, to "operate "the proposed tram
system, .which, If'built, will probably
prov^e a feeder to the steam road which'
the" company proposes to build into the
Okanagan, from I Kamloops. •    ,      '  «\
] Iri these days of aeroplanes, Marconi-
grams'one would  think .there is no
.UOinLfin— th*>— irlnhA_wlmpp—+liQ_inl.oh!,
-•. ^ —    — -1 ■ *— —  <J- *r "» **■ ^   -T   nvl   Vf—<-W*I \J All JIM, Ol*
tarits are more than a-week behind
current" events,, and "yet there-was a
resident "of Fernie came into town from
,a short trip, not, over 50 miles distant, who, had riot heard that war had
broken out .between- Turkey and Italy.
He did acknowledge that he had heard
a'rumor that the war between Russia
and Japan had "been concluded! No!
No! his name' is not not Richards,
The students of the International
Correspondence Schools who reside at
points between Plnchor' Creek, Alia.,
nnd Creston, -B. C„ will celebrate the
20th anniversary of tho schools by, a
banquet to be held at the Nnpanoo
Hotel, Fernio, B. ,C, upon'tho oven-
lnj? of Monday, OcloLer Ifith, VXA.
Other banquets are being held through
i".iiber 'about 300'Vanquets all upjn
the samo evening.; Tho banquet at
Fernie promises to lie ono of tlio most
brilliant events of tho season, and will
bo participated In by over 100 students.
Arrangements are In tho hands of Mr
Goorgo C. Egg, who lma charge of the
schools work' throughout this district
and Is woll known by all those, who
nro Interested In I.C.S, droles.
While Italy's declaration of war on
Turkey seems;to have no immediate
and' sufficient- cause, we may safely
connect itvwith'tlie Morocco affair.
.Tlie Morocco ,episode led France arid
Germany to. the vergeLof war, and but
for British intervention -.the • conflict
might now have been in progress. One
lesson of "this incident'was that all'the
northern 'part' of Africa must before
long pass into the control'of European'
States other than Turkey, which can
hardly be 'regarded as a European nation. Britain has actual possession of
Egypfoand tKe'Nile: hinterland. France'
has Algiers" arid  Tunis;   France- arid
-disputing rover"
Morocco: '•' Tripoli '■ alone of the Bar
bafy Coast Vemainecl available to Italy:
If: she'.wished j to share in the division
her claim must be made"promptly." °
r. Conventional diplomatic methods are
out of date in North'Africa. • Germany
and France have not waited to give no
tice.1' They sent their ships first and
negotiated afterwards. Italy did not
know what'morning she might wake
and find the opposite'coast of the Mediterranean occupied by France, Germany, Britain, Austria or Spain. While
us against Turkey, Italy seems to have
no claim to Tripoli, her .position there
is stronger than-that,of any of the
Christian nations'of'Europe. Italy is
the-nearest. She alone has any considerable numbor.of subjects in Tripoli, ' Italian capital lias been invested there. Some claim might be made
on the basis of early associations, but
Franco and other ancient nomari pro
vlnces might not' accept this nrgu
ment.   <• ' ■
Tho real,position'seems to havo been
that Tripoli nnd all'tlie north of Africa
must pass under European control, and
tlint Italy has not'yot obtained a portion nnd lo more deserving than hei
neighbors who wlll'Jiavo Tripoli If Italy
leavo, It. Tlio ronl nrgument for sudden action ls tho danger'of sudden
action by another state, and recent
hlBtory Bhows this danger to be serious. , If a tu quoquo'argument ls admitted. Italy can moot protests from
nil partloB but Turkoy.' . Britain Ib ln
Egypt for reasons tiiat Italy may give
tor her occupation, of, Tripoli, though
Italy cannot clnlm that tho conditions
nro so' desperate. as thoy woro when
Britain sent her'fleet to Alexandria.
Franco hnH no more rights in Tunis
than Italy linn In Tripoli, Fronoli nnd
Gorman ships havo,,no moro rensori
to lie at, Agiullr. It may bo snld that
Qormnny hnH boon robulcod, but this
not bocniiso of tho rights of Morocco.
Austria can ltavo«'llttlo to say nftor
her annexation of Horzogovlna In ills*
regard of tho Treaty of Berlin. Russia Is not protesting, but «ooms to be
.proceeding lo annox a part of Turkoy.
flreoco Ih after Croto, Turkey'has no
friend In Kuropo who will intervene
in hor holuilf, and thoro,aro no Burop-
All honor tothe valiant'few.
- That,for the moment cease to toil-
To waste their energy and thew.
.In unrequited toll.,'
^       '       ' >
. -    , - ^
Alb honor to the noble band,
'.   That dares the madness of the age, „
That, heart to heart and hand to hand,
.Demand "a living wage.
Tis yours, ye delvers of the hill!
For this your beaded sweat drops
" pour— ....'.-,
For this the iron .pick is'still— '.   •
The shovel rings no more!
I blame you not. your cause is just,.
And Justice with her golden scales...
Beholds the heaping pan of dust,'7
And for her children wails. „' -
I blame you ;not, you are not drones, \
.That hang around thei social hive,,;
Arid fatten on a nation's groans*
The long threatened strike of tho
employes on tho Ilorrlmnn linos began
last Saturday and men.came out all
ovor tho system during the enrly part
of tho wook until tho total numbor Involved 1ms reached '10,000. " Tho rail-
wny magnates, who hnvo been preparing for the walkout for many wooka,
rushed hundreds of strlke-bronlcorH to
the principal points nffo'ctod,. but Is
not having much bucoobh In operating
Its shops, ns tho bosses thomsolvoB
admit, In tho south particularly, nothing Ih helng nccoinpllHhed at the present time, as the people In sovornl
placoB havo rlBOii and driven the strike
breakers out of town, dosplto tho pro-
louts of the corporation agents and tho
protection given tho scabs by tho
courts and pollen-. Tho federated
workers' nro standing together HOlldly
nnd grimly declare that tho fight may
lost all winter, and that thoy intend
to stick It out to tho finish.    Roports
that tho railroads woro considering     w .-».»,—„ „», *.».W4r
proHOCiitlon of Iho strike loaders under «»n powers In a position to find fault
the Shorman nntHrust law woro con«  	
firmed at the offices of tho railroads 	
In ChlcaRO.     Official* nf \]\o Tlllholn  BOCIALIflTft' PNnnMOIIn' nMNA'!
Central Railroad stated thot thor conn
eel had taken up tho decision of {he
United Slates Supreme- Court In the
Danbury hatters case to discover. If
the finding would apply to, the situation. Thoro Is a great deal of Indlg-
mitlon being irmnlft'stttl In labor circles along the Hnrrlmnn lines toward
tho railway brotherhoods, whoso members are hauling trnlnlonds of strikebreakers nnd standing by tho companies In »ho class struggle that Is being
wag;/*!. It I* probable that thia phaae
of the contest will bo widely discussed
during the nest taw weeks.
The Trades Union Congress held at
Newcastle, England, unanimously eon*
demned th* Conciliation UIU fathered
by Will Crooks.
Tnto propose pfwe of remedial U-
jtfslation was patterned after the Urn-
teux Act,
Ihi.uiHo of tho defeat of tho government and Hio rotnnrkable gains of tho
HodulUts in Sweden, tho entire cabinet has re«ljm<>d. • Thounh 1hi> ballots
are not all counted yot, It is thought
thnt the Socialist* will haw about
slxjy-two representatives In the lower
chnmbor or the RJkstag. , This Is a
gain of twonty-soten aeaU oyer tho
number hold by the Socialists In tb*
taut ut'AAlon,        ( - -
While it was thought that the So*
clallttu svtiuld Kalu n few seats tbe
largo numbor of which they aro already
assured surpasses even Ibelr wildest
N'ot a Rlnglo scat was lust In the
elKiJou. every Socialist member of tb*
li«t UIIuuk l*li«g r<M»V»ct*<1. ^ Th*
Liberals fmlned ft f«w teaU, but the
Coiiservntliog lost heavily,
Truth ever stands, however late,'; ■ ,
And,1- though , the. niggard, tyrants
- .- ^ enn,    .,   •      . ,      .
The rolling years',foretell their.fate,
And whisper,,"You-shall win."-
. ',   .     '    -v • ' • Edwin Douglas..
Rend  Phlktnthrophy   Does   Not
Workers In Gaseous Mine
. Miners/employed' at the mine of the
MT. P. Rend Conl Company of Chicago,
locnted at 'Rendvllle,, .111., , went on
strike becauso the mine is gaseous and
unsnfe.     '   y , '
George F, Wilson,, secretary treasurer of the"United Mine Workers sof
America, sub-dlstrlct.7, and J. W. Glr-
aril, president of'tho same subdlstrlct,
did all ln. tholr,power-.to compel tho
compnny to render "tho . mlno safe.
Theso efforts failed'and tlu* strike was
called.        .-''.-' '.     i'
Tho company refused to employ shot
flrors nB required by state law, and
has been notorious for* Its disregard of
safety provisions. '
1 About a year ago tho nlr shaft In ono
of its .mlnqs bocamo; frozen, allowing
.  Pot Barley, 7 for  ...y	
a Christie's Siveet Biscuits,'assorted, 2 for
27 in 1, Black, ,3 for '...!.';.. -. y .......
Cream of T\rheat, 2 pkts < .....;;.. ,'■„.
-.Lowuey's Fine,Cream Chocolates, per lb.'
-■ Gold Standard, Coffee, ■! lb tins  \ .
• Cowan's Breakfast';C6coa, 1.1b tins :'..".'.".'
Fresh Eggs, 3. doz. for -..".. j. 7. ,■'/        :>
Wagstaff's Mince'Meat, 5 lb. pail;...?.'.;;; ,\60c
;' Tuckett|s« Special Cigars, 4\for'...'.':.; ;y 7 25c
„ 25c,
■ 35c.
, 25c,
, 35c.
.s 25c.
- 40-CT
.     "    per box of 25 ...
-Imperial Mixture Tobacco,''% lb.- tin
.1.50. .
.   75c.
•' We have just placed into stock large consignments   of  Apples,., Pumpkins,, Citrons,
Hubbard, Squash and other fresh vegetables.
Place your order   for; - same,., prices   are
attractive; ^ .." 'i- ''.'-.■        ;"" ■
It's wonderful how far your dollar goeshere
V1.   '   ■''',,Cimi£ed: '.-.\' *"v :a.<
►ovoyyyVow. ®yov® v® v® y «s> V®^
only a six-inch passage of/air. The
men were ordered out of.the mine by
James Higglns, the. fire'boss, because
the mine .was unsafe.
Higglns was discharged by tho company the following day.,       -., , '
W.-.P. Rend, tho owner of the'property, in the1.coal"business forjover
forty years in Chicago', Is reputed'to
bo a- millionaire. .,',,-
■In 1808 nn. employe who' lind been
with him,for,ovor twenty years,0dlod
Thlflimnn left a-wlfo and three young
children. Soon tho, widow'and hor,
family wore without means. • W..P.
Rond^wroto a letter to tho judge'thon'
sltllng In tho( Juvenile Court assorting
Ihut the fatlier.'of tho children. had
worked for him for over twontyy oars,
had been faithful, honeat nnd compo*
tent'. ■
Rend closod by saying that he'felt
a deep Interest in tho children of this
faithful omployo arid hoped 'that thoy
would bo sont to tho "appropriate public Institutlone." J    •    '
Present  ,.'''.
***** w«». liVm\YonH* WBI.COMK TO
• t v
A CiSt of Niuleal Comedy Oeiebriliei Ittflttdlng Ethtl M «od Wilter CiUett
Spedfil OnhMn Cnrrted hy the Compnny.    Larg*? Bannij Qtons'
Plan at Suddafay'p.   Prices $2.50, $2. %\ ,60 and $1
Furniture Store
•"      VIC'TORI A/AVENUE1'N/'.t.,
Highest Prices Paid
For Secondhand. Furniture, Stoves,
Tools, etc., also,, Ladles'" and Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes.
Two-chalr Barber Outfit for Sale,
Q., RADLAND, Prop.
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
>    Buys Hbraes on Commlslori
George Barton    Phone 78
Here it is, Waiting for U
. IlBPRBStUNTATrVB .wanted nt onco
for work in your locality Will guar*
nntoo |2.00 to $3.00 por day. Opportunity to advance rapidly, Will pay.
liberally for sparo time, Work not dlf«
flcult. IJlxporlonco not ronulred In-
tornatlonal Bible Proa*, Toronto, Ont.
KOR IlWNT—Tliroo-roomotl  nhnok,
unfurnished or partly furnished,'or do
,v.,   ...»(U    W.ttbV.
^OR RENT—fllx-Rooraod concrelo
block Iioubo, Apply, Wm; Mlnton,
Annex, ' o.tf.
(John Murray, West Vornlc.
WANTRD — A Girl for gonoral
houso work. Apply, Mrs. Mutu, Tho
Flrewery, 7-Lf.
FOJl   BALK-rHvelloomcd   Houae,
situated at Corner of Jaffray Bt and'
Dalton Avenue;    Kosy terms to right
party.   Apply, D. Willis on tho premises „     7-3 t,p,  ,
TAXIDERMY—Por flral-elau Ux|.
dermy work, mounting-anything from a
snakw- to an *l«phant call or wrlto, C.
Reeee, P. O. Ikw fl, Went F*ml«
, Im.-n.p,
"j      "T%"
fi^hw^y.*"- ~
wmtum- ,.'**


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