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The District Ledger Oct 7, 1911

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, ylndustrial. Unity is. Strength
*!>-.'7.7-.. 77-   '   '7    - '""--' ~".\* *•   .-•   . ■
,v /v- -
The Official Organ of District No. 18. U. M. W. of A.
tt.
Political Unity is Victory
I,.
Bv
vol. v.;; no. 7.
oi'^
THB DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 7,1911.
$1.00 A YEAR
PRESIDENT JOHN P. WHITE of U.M.W.A.
THESE MEN
yilfAUFY
List of Miners Writing
at Fernie this Week
on Examinations
Examination under Coal Mine's Re-
< gulation Act for officials held at Fernie
' 3rd, "4th and-5th October, 1911.
First Class or Manager
:Wm. Wesnedgey Coal Creek, B.C. •
Wm. .Watson,'Coleman, Alta.1 '     -;
7 Nat Howells, Bellevue, Alta.!.',;/- t>
'   - Jno. Musferove, Hosmer, B. C.
7 Jno. G. Prentice; Lundbreck, Alta..
. J. W.TPowell, Taber.-Alta."   .,- >' -,
; ."E. Roberts, Bellevuo.Alta...
•:-    Ii. E. Driimmond, Hosmer,.B. C.:.    J
-. Second Class or Overman    ,.
1 o  R. J."Brown, Pernio, B. C.:",'.    -
"'* -Car. McNay, Fernie,''b7c. ..,
' Jas. A. McDonald, Bellevue, Alta. -
-  Walter Joyce, Coal Creek; B.-C.    .
7 Sam Richards .Corbln, B. C.
'••   Thos. Sloan, Burmls, Alta.   _   ■„
Ruf. Banseniier. Burmis, Alta.,     ,
-\o^-^, ,y* *    *
,.- Third Class or\Flre Boss
: Robt. Davidson, Coal Creek,? B. C.
. Joe Wilson, Strathcona, Alta.
-• Job!- Maltman; Hosmer,'- B. C:   ...
•Geo. Dlngsdale,.Fernie] B. C. ",
" Jno. Chester,- Coal' Creek, B. C/1, ' s
.Stewart Lynch;^ Fernie, B. C.
y-Thos. Biggs, Fernie,5 B. C. .' ••„'
. "AJec Allen, Hosmer, B..C. .
Allan Ford,' Burmls,- Alta. , 7
7,7 Examiners':/ ] D. 2G.J Wilson,
—Evans—and-tRobtrStraeiranr^"
.Evan
♦ ♦.♦♦♦,♦♦:<►♦. ♦ ♦ ♦
♦'■.-" ♦
WAARSCHUWING
/
Alio steenkool mljners ♦
worden verzocht weg "tV bilj- ♦
ven van Alberta'en Eastern « ♦
British Columbia, daar de..
werkstaklng meg nlet Is op ♦
geheven. ' ,♦
♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦"♦
1
COMPENSATION CA8ES IN CANADA
'    f. "'"    . . ; QUEBEC'CA8E7a^' '--'—7"
Workmen's 'Compensation'' Act—Dam-'
■ ages for Loss of Eye. '"■
• Four', hundred- and .twenty-five "dollars and-costs of action was-the amount1 awarded William Harland ,by.a
recent'Judgment of Mr. Justice St
Pierre in tho Superior Court at Mout-
real. The plaintiff had sued the Canadian. Pacific Railway Company for
$600 on account of an accident which
occurred on June 12 last, and as a
result*, of which he suffered tho loss
of his eye.- He was at work ln the
Angus shops, as a frog rlvetter, when
a piece of Iron flow from a near by
> flanging machine, nnd struck him with
such force as to cause injuries which
necessitated the removal of the oyo.
He Immediately entered notion under
he Workmen's Compensation Act, alleging, that his earning capacity had
been considerably lessened by tho accident, and that, as a consoquonco, tho
.company should pay him such Idomnl-
ty as was provided for tinder the law.
At tho time of tho accident plaintiff
was earning 17 conts nn hour, or $9.35
per- weok,. He. claimed that henceforth .he would not be ablo to earn
this amount and claimed $000 dam
'ages. Thb altornoys for tho respective parties came to an agreement
whereby tho"tnattcr was settled out of
court and Mr. Justice St. Pierre rendered Judgment accordingly,—-Labor
, Garotte.
ONTARIO CA8E8
as to^'hether or, not he had been'
guilty of contributory negligence in
not using a pair of gloves supplied
by the defendants for' the -purpose" of
being worn when handling live wires.
A release was pleaded but was aban:
doned at the trial.., •
' -The plaintiff had received the sum
of $1,000,' the proceeds of an' accident
insurance 7 policy on the, life of her
late husband, which the defendants at
the trial and on the appeal contended
should'be deducted from any sum? to
which the plaintiff might be held entitled. ' -. :        ,        . -,„-, ,y .    ,
, The jury found, (1) that the defendants . were guilty of. the negligence,
which caused the accident; (2) in-not
repairing, the feed-wire to, the ^bridge;
(3) the death was caused by a defect
In the .condition' of the ways, etc.
(in the language,of the statute); (4)
the particular defect being In not repairing the feed-cable on bridge and
not. providing safe ways to repair" or
connect jumper at,bridge;,.(5) and
(6) the death was caused by Superin:
tendent Robertson, a person whose orders the deceased was.bound to conform and" did conform, taking him
from his regular work, and in not providing him with saf<» appliances; (7)
Q.—Could the deceased,• by the "exercise of ordinary care;. have - avoided
the accident?. A.—No.-, by., not" having prope|" appliances!,and" in mat
ing connection's decealJed'Most bis bal-
ance and fell to-the ground; and (9)
'tKSylfssessedTthe damages at $1,200.,
The ma^ln ground otthe appeal was
that -It-* was1'erroneous'.for the trial
judge to increase.the.finding",of.$1,200
by.1 the jury by. the amount "of the Insurance money.; >.y,       *.   7  y
• The Court of Appeal heldttiat Judgment at the trial having been given in
favor of plaintiff, a new,assessment
of damages was- permissible." The
election' to be made within SO days.
Costs of appeal to the defendants. If
defendants take advantage of new. assessment, the 'costs of the trial to be
costs In the cause,—Labor Gazette.   '
IS THIS THE
LAST STRAW
The Despicable Methods
Resorted to Disgust
Strike Breakers
THREATENED REMOVAL OF.THE
COURT OF A88IZE8 FROM FERNIE
Workman's Compensation  Act.—Ne-
gllgonce,—Aiimmsnt of Damages
An appeal by tho plaintiffs to the
court of appeal from a Judgment of Mr
Juatlco Clute at tbo trial, entered for
plaintiff upon the findings of the jury,
The plaintiff sued ns administratrix
of the estate of her late husband,
George William Dawson, on behalf of
herself and Sarah Dawson, her husband's mother, to recover damages for
hla death alleged to have been caused
while a workman In tho defendants'
employment by tholr negligence.
The deceased was foreman of the
defendants' repair shop and on November to, ltot, was ordered by the sup-
tiWatoiufcnt to do certain work upon
tn overhead wire In order to permit a
swing bridge across which snch wlro
had boon placed to bo opened, and
while engaged In doing such work be
to*, tfoi/i Mi* ihh(wr upon which    he
was standing and was Instantly killed.
The work tihlch ho was called upon to
do was In the nature ot emergency
work, and not fn the line of hla ordinary duties.    The ladder, supplied
by Hi* r1+f*nr1nnt, win a substitute for
the safer rep*Ir-car common!/ used
tar doing mien rrorfSr,    There   wuw
questions of more or let* Importance
at the trial at to whether the diMee*
ed was killed by falling from the lad
der simply, or by a shock of elertri
tity frets *« Inft'fifflriofiU? foxalated
wfr», «r hf n ertmnfniffdr! of tfWM alleged eanaee.   And a further ajueatfc*
On Thursday consternation was. created among the business and legal
fraternity when word was received
from the Registrar that tho Court of
Assizes to bo held in Fernie had been
cancelled by an Order In Council. The
Bar Association, the Board of Trade
and the Conservative Association all
wired tho Attornoy-Qonoral protesting
against such drastic action. Tbe first
mentioned received a .reply to the effect thnt a judgo would bo sent to
take care of the civil cases, but that
all criminal cases would have to bo
taken to Nelson.
The matter will not bo allowed to
rest, but ovory effort made by tho
parties Involved to have tho ordor rescinded. "
Tlie reason for tho talcing of this
remarkablo stop we understand Is the
dearth of buslnoss scheduled for tho
local Lodge of Litigation, and although
this is a serious blow to the material
Interests of tho disciples of Coke and
DIackstone, with corresponding depressing effect upon the business firms of
the town, It most assuredly speaks
columns of commendation to tho law-
abiding character of a community
which is entering upon its seventh
month of Idleness owing to tho existing dispute between the coal operators
and the mineworkers.
Additional Information has reached
town that the transfer to Nelson ls on
the plea of economy, and from tho Nelson News of last night It la stated that
there Is ONE) case there, whereas there
aro SEVEN from Fernie.
This Is ono of those peculiar explanations that does not explain and
to pTfl»n Ita ntj*tM«{i««A r^vMrt; z,
mathematical wlmd bruin of a (•ullW
that la far beyond that of the ordinary
mortal who has been taught to figure
that 8EVKN Is greater than OND, In
other words, the transportation ot seven tarihiilnala with tholr *»*rnrt« f>f
policemen nnd their legal counsels,
together with other costs Incurred,
should be more than the expense of
ono Judge having to travel from Nelson
to Fertile.
Newspapers that cater to the interests of the operators are very active in
circulating exaggerative'reports'of the
number or unfortunates that are traitors to their own class; but on the other
hand particularly, silent regarding, the
methods, adopted to inveigle the few
they have succeeded-in getting to go to
work; therefore, we think' that an account of what" has already "come under
our'notice'will be of interest to the
publlcj.'even.'thbugh-In'doing so we
furnish some advertising at rates that
are exceptionally low, in fact, absolutely gratis. /■--."■' ■'•   ;■
..Below we .give a copy of a contract
which is a beautiful specimen of the
heads-I-wln-tails-you-lose .type, and at
the same'.time call attention to the
wages to be paid by those who so insistently claimed at the sessions of the
Conciliation' Board that they, were not
making any profit under the terms of
the-old agreement, therefore if'they
were telling the truth, and as they, are
honorable men we must give them credence, by what possible method they
can declare dividends by. paying $3.00
a day and board, -.not" to "mention the
incidental expenses, of ^employing high-
prlced-procurers-as'-welKas-transporta'
tion-for them and their .victims from
remote points to Frank is-a';puzzle for
mathematicians ''that '.ou.tcIa_ises even
the' tbeoryrif: the' fourth" dimension.
It is customary for some financial Institutions to show deficits in red ink,
therefore we may naturally expect that
it will require at least a quart of vermilion (No! not a quarter of a million)'
to furnish the stockholders with their
next regular report.
The W. A. Harris mentioned is believed to be an employee of the Thlel
Detective Agency, and such ls the mal
odorous reputation of this class of ngen
cles that some of the states In tho U.S.
have passed laws forbidding them to
operate within their confines, and yet
It remalnB for a company largely, composed of foreign capitalists, operating
ln tho province of Alberta, Canada, to
utilize the services of an Institution of
a kind that has become so rank ln the
nostrils of American citizens that they
legislate against them,
Recontly ono of those miserable creatures succeeded ln enticing four men to
sign up a contract similar .to the one
subjoined, their faro   was   advancod
from Moose Jaw to Frank (qulto a tidy
sum In Itself) but two of them learning the purpose for> which they hnd
been     hired,     dropped     off     at
Macieod,   preferring  to   search   for
more   honorable   employment   than
that ' of    taking n  the    places of
men fighting for a fow more crumbs.
Tho other two escorted by theso plain
clothes minions of tho Thiol Agoncy
continued on tholr Journey to Frank,
but concludod that the work ln view
under tho Dig Slldo did not appeal to
them strong enough to Justify them
tackling It, and no they left tho Thiol
thugs tbo pleasure of reporting.to the
Frank mine officials that although tho
hook had boon well baited, nicely adjusted and oven landed within A short
distance of tho destination, that they
had proven that they at loast were not
"suckers," consequently the red figures
needed to denote the cost of this little
transaction will require about three in
English and approximately fo'Jr in
French.
' MATTHEWS' EMPLOYMENT
..  , "   AGENCY       "'
24 Vj River Street West.^Moose Jaw.
" Contract to work by the undersigned
with ■    .   .
Mr. W. A. Harris, near Frank Alberta.
, 1. He declares that he, is competent
to work in the "capacity described below,' and if not so found by the foreman
or other persons under .whom he works
ho agrees to accept such work as such
foreman or other person finds him capable of, at' trie ruling rate of wages ot
the contractor or such work to the locality'mentioned below.      . .
2. He agrees to work for a period of
not less than the probable duration of
work as set out below, and the contractor' agrees to find him work for that
period, approximately, If he be found
cwhpetent.      ,
"'3. 7-No notice-, of the termination of
his engagement' shall be required to
be given by the contractor.     ,
0, 4.   Particulars as to work:;(
,'    > (a) ,. Capacity in which engaged—
/Coal miner, exp.
o (b) ' Destination as near as pobsI-
'" '7 .   tile—Alberta.
-'   (cj- .Rate'of wages of actual work
; —$3.0.9, a day and board,
(dj-Board—Free., .   ,
.'■ ,(e)7,Transportation—Advanced   <i
(f) " Medical .Fees— .,.......;	
'.   (g) -Probable duration of work—
'". ^ Steady1. •»''-' '",
'.This contract contains all my agreement with'lhe contractor and cannot
be varied except .by another written
contract, and has.been read over to me
and-explained; ■ •!; '
, .Should employee not receive'above
position, he;'may;'; on' "returning this
agreement,' with employer's' signature
_and_rjasdn;__withi_i_.24_,hours,-,be-entitl-
ed .to, another place without, further
fee. ■  ■« •  y -        ' y     .'
..Dated at-Moose Jaw, this ......day
COAL
NOT PAYING
Well, If it Doesn't, How
How do You Account
For Dividends
Hillcrest Collieries, Ltd., operating
near Coleman, Alta.; paid its second
regular quarterly .dividend of 1% ppr
cent,'or $12,350 on its preferred stock
on July 15th;' making' a total "of $24,700
^Twenty-four, thousand seven hundred
to date.—The & C. Mining and Engineering Record. -
This is 'done despite the fact, that
they have not.shipped any coal since
March 31st, and" is by no means the
only: property that has declared several . dividends since the 1st of April
Strange, is it not that'the reports of
these coal companies are somewhat
chameleon.i.   ,1
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
WARNING
♦ This is to notify any mom-
♦ ber'of tho U.M. W. of A.
♦ found guilty of making false
♦ \ statements with a view to ob-,
♦ talnlng relief will be prosecut-
♦ ed and forfeit nil rights ot
♦ membership.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
A 'deputatori representing ' 37 men
working: at Passburg interviewed District Board.Member Jones and asked
him to go down there and hold,a meet
ing as they were: disgusted with the
actions of hypocrite Hamilton, who,
while posing as a Christian has no
hesitation about breaking the 9th commandment in his zeal to lay up treasures on earth; promising to pay • a
scale of wages and then«completely
ignoring, his plighted' word, this and
the,fact that conditions are so wretch-
of ....v..; 191
The. undersigned witness declares
that, this contract was read over by
him to the party whose sign or signal
ture is affixed thereto and explained to
him beforeexecution.
Signed"''	
Witness;,   T. Matthews.
The.-company officials must begin
to realize, the difficulties with which
they have to contend and the extraordinary cost entailed of securing victims as they threaten to close down
the mines Indefinitely on the lBth if.
their efforts are not more successful
than they havo been up to the present
writing.
If it costs over $200.00 to bring four
men from Moose Jaw to Frank and
thon thoy do not deliver, tho goods,
how much dividends can bo declared
If tho samo proportions continue mill
sufficient workors have boon secured
to operate, the minos on a normal
basis?
Carl Thoodorovltch, while on tho
train a few days ngo was approached
by nn Italian who is working in a store
In Coloman to go to work tn tho mines,
this ngont for the Loltoh Colllorlos
Co,, gets a dollar a head for each one
he secures. Joe Plsonl, tho Slav
bntchor at Pn.Bburg, is also a working
partner on .the snmo basis. The last
named head-hunter recently tried to
earn an honest (?) dollar by'entrapp-
Ing a good Union man to play traitor,
but ho had rockonod without his host
and after he hnd fed Mm with some
nice sausages ho tried to phono over
to the Company that lie had landed
one, but ob tho lino wns not In order
at tho tlmo ho wanted him to go over
to the Company's office with his boy,
and said to relate, this Union man was
not "having any," bo Mr, Plaonl Is left
ed"thaT even1 scabs revolt at. a
camp under the supervision of one
whom' Dr. Gofdon/regarded as necessarily exceptionally goodi because7tbie
munTHamilton-was one of the, shining
lights of the Presbyterian faith in' the
Province of Alberta.    "   ','
That recent arrivals from Russia
(from which they have fled in the hope
of improving their lot) by their actions
ln wishing to get away from Passburg
tell ■ a' Btory more graphically than
words can describe that conditions
must Indeed be of the worst' when,
even these downtrodden citizens of
the Czar consider Hamilton's hamlet
outclasses It. ■ Surely tho way of the
rich trangressor is too hard.
As these comments are not copyright
thero Is no objection to-any of the
newspapers along the Pass, that claim
to be unbiased, reproducing them, giving The Ledger.due credit, as their authority, and by so doing tholr protestations of fairness to both Bides to the
present controversy will bo mora, likely to bo accepted as worthy of consideration than under their present conduct would tend to create in tho minds
of discerning men.—(From our Special
Correspondent.)
Several Individuals who had been
brought In from Spokane to Frank, Including lumber jacks and railroadors,
decided that ns tho mines wero toe
dangorotiB to suit tholr fancy and tho
food supplied inside the compound
was not what thoy had been accustomed to, In fact, as ono expressed it,
"It was the limit of rottenness that
ho has ovor run up against,' they won-
dad their wny back to the place from
which thoy came, thoroughly satisfied that they had had onough coal
mining experience by tho few days
that they worked to last them for the
balance of tholr lives.
Another large Item to bo charged to
expense for tho coal company that it
A CONVERT TO SOCIALISM
One of the organizers of the American Federation of Labor, a short time
ago, requested Ex-United States Senator Pettigrew to write' a letter to
Samuel Gompers, giving him his opinion of the Trade Union-1 movement.
To this request Pottlgrew wrote the
following letter:
"Sioux Falls, S. D.,   _'
,   ' "August, Si 1911.
''Samuel Gompers, President of meri-
can Federation of Labor.   :
"Dear Sir.—Mr F CAlmont, one,of
your organizers, has asked me to write
to you and give an opinion with regard
to the trade union movement.'
"The1 trade union should be universal and include everyu man who tolls,
not only ln the factory ,but on the
faitn. - . The strike and the boycott are
but crude' and savage and-wrrllke remedies', and I am sure labor will never
receive what it earns until the land and
implements of production aiy 'fco-opera-
tively or^publicly owned.
"Capital cannot exist without labor1
and is entirely dependent on labor,
while labor Is • independent (. , of
capital, and. .does not. exist
without it. '"■ Yet under,. the present system .of production capital exploits labor' and takes more than two-
thirds of the earnings^ of labor, and
untii-the"'systehT"iFcffihge371abor "will
struggle in vain to secure what it produce,;. "
ORDER OUT
OF CHAOS
Willi Will hi Outcome
0
of Present Effort to
Get a Settlement
John P. White, President of the U.
M. W. of A., reached Fernie on Wednesday's Flyer from the East, accompanied by his stenographer, Miss Carr,
and was met at the C. P. R. station.
by several members of the District Executive. From the depot,' headed by
the Fernie City Band, whose members
gave their services as- a „mark of
esteem to the chief executive of
the mine workers' organization,'
the procession that was formed, and
marched along Victoria Avenue to the
Hall where J. Mclntyre, Acting Mayor
in the absence of A. W. Bleasdell, delivered a short address of welcome on
behalf of the citizens of? Fernie, to
Mr. White upon whom he then called
to speak to the gathering.
President Whites Address
My friends, mine workers and citizens of this great commonwealth, I am
indeed very grateful to the Mayor and
the community for the cordial welcome extended to me on the,occasion
of my first visit to this beautiful little
city. I have often heard of this.splcn-
did mining communlty.Jiut,nreyious-to^
"Yours truly; ,.
; ' -; '"R.-.F.-PETTIGREW,
this I have never had the opportunity
of observing;its rugged grandeur.     I
recollect-that a few years  ago the"
j press of the country heralded the fact"
that the whole ot the. city and Its eur-
"Ex-Unlted States Senator."
The above comes from a man who
has occupied a seat in the highest lawmaking body of this country. As, a
United States senator, he was recognlz
ed as a man of ability, and at one time
potent ln the' national councils of the
Republican.party. Senator Pettigrew,
as a national lawmaker, had some regard ,for the rights of tho people, and
becauso ho raised his voice against
some of the conspiracies thnt were
hatched to enslave tlie,peoplo under
legal enactments, he became a target
for the missiles of .trusts and corporations. Tho wheel-horse of tho Republican party became tho Hessians of the
trusts and corporations, nnd Mark
Hiinii". o: Ohio, beenmo tho loalir if
tho combination that brought about the
political death of Pottlgrew. Pottlgrew, since his retirement from the
arena of politics, has had time to think
and study conditions, and he realizes
that Inborlng humanity Is robbed by
the system that Is fortified by law.
The letter of Pettlgrow to Gompers
shows that tho man who was exiled
from tbo United Statos Senate, recognizes In the principles of Socialism,
tho economic freedom of labor and tho
extermination of tlio profit ayslom,
that has enslaved a world in chains.
When men llko Peltlgrow put their
faith In Socialism, II. Is somewhat
Btrnnge thnt bo many millions of slaves
ropudlate tho doctrine that would tear
from tho llmbB of toll the Rhnckles of
wnge-Blavory.--Tho Minors' Mngazlno,
to mourn the Iohb of a meal and llko I Is not to bo wondered at that thoy
wlio failed to oarn a dollar. talk of closing down on tho lfith,
GETTING TOGETHER
COLEMAN CULPRIT
Regardless of tho warning that hns
been Issued thnt any Individual attempting to obtain rations unlawfully, It did
not have the effoct of deterring a
miner at Coleman from trying on a
scheme which was discovered, and a*
a result ho Is a wiser and poorer man
Cu, w>u«*»i*rfiM.. Una «xhmple H )■
believed will nerve as a salutary lesion to any others of tils stamp who
should they be found out, will be prosecuted nt they Justly deserve.
This morning Pre* White called upon
Mr. Lewis Qtockett at Hosmer with ■
view to Interviewing him regarding
the present situation existing In thia
Operators Association and President
Powell and Secretary Carter of the Dli
trlct Executive.
This is all i the Information we Have
DRAWING AT THE ISIS THEATRE
«i*uiti.     '**, «re ju*t informed that)at the present writing, and ihould any*
_,.!___..._.       *__.__      *.,__.. _.<-.     4nl,*.iti      __.14I*       *      ifUi.i    _>_<•>  _>J_L n.4     /__WJii___*    WjtiAl*N     Ifh ___ fj* __>___,    «______     _MA    frA.
»\ep» »rs kehifi iskt/i wUli * view (j
holding a conference between the Coal
BUY. NOW
On account oi' large Improvements
now under way and contemplated,
street grading, bolldlng of two churches and •eboot, alw B*go1l*tlon» guiding for several Industrial enterprises
In vicinity, Including taw mm, please
take notlw that all Fort Frtoer Lota
will hi uilvkkt*wl HUy AoUare «*eh,
•ftectlve Oct. JSth.—M. A. Kaslner.
9B£mmu£m^mEttmVmKfmVSSX&KKr£!!4
tkin't fall to take advantage of the
C V. IL special rate to Spokane. The
last chance (to-day) Batnrday.
Bora—At lb« borne of Mr and Mrs
Joseph Grafton, on Friday, the 29th
a fine specimen of the gentler mi.
Mother and danghter doing wen and
father efimpttiNN),- Creston and Burton City papen please copy.
H<,..r.Vi,;vft''teWH'''-r'
ill*'*** '■■|fe'::y:y"'l**,y?i]!^
,l;7 t;fc«'7.,,!».;7.y 7,, ;k„
K>l ■    M:y~-ay->'■■;r ■ ■ "7,"'
l,'. "■■■•A-.U-,.i,'»,!^|».',s/y .'.«;,>■.*>* ;'"";■'
Ir-?.'■' ; '■,■■"' m'- ■•■
; j* i«-^>yf:!?'5''»3<«»"' I- * r^T', ",*.!■ y
IN THE SWIM
eflino furtner develop before we go to
pr«u will hasten to make note in the
columns ef the paper.
CORDIN AND ITS CUSTOMERS
Ah n>ti(« imve been iunny confllitln/,'
reports regarding tho output of this
property, some alleging that when tho
proas recelvoi the output for a certain
day convenient ommtialon of several
days previous Is a very simple matter,
ffnwwr, miw! of thoB't intercuts! In
statistical subject* are thinking aerl-
nmly of making a Hat of all Iho-o
who are buying coal In Fernie coming
from Corbln, and may publish the
name* at a later dale.
This popular and cosy plcturo houso
was crowded to Ita utmost capacity
last nlntit, when tho liamlsomo set of
lady's furs were glvon away, Tlio
first ticket, 30,51 r., was a blnnk, Inasmuch as nobody prosont hold tho corresponding coupon, nnd the second,
No. florjfi, was claimed hy Mr, A.
Polcat, of West Fernio, who wai warmly congratulated by all.
Manager Conley, nt tho end nf thr»
contest, nnnounced that noxt weok,
Thursday, Oct, 12, llioro would bo
fhr/v» prl*«*« Mvofi *i.i>n«( filttillc Lit!.
for ladles or wntlomon,
The program last night was exceptionally good, and wm cordially received. If we are to Judgo by appearances, we nre uulto snfe In propliony-
Ing that the T«ls l«< nut to mnVn n caw.
pleto auccevfl.
To those who are doilroua of winning the valuablo prizes to bo given
away next Thursday wo recommend
'•Hit to get busy and save ns many
coupons as possible.
roundlngs waB destroyed by fire, and
as I look out over the scene which
Is spread before me to-day4 I am, impressed by the fact that there must be,
ln thlB community, a thrifty business
peoplo, to have succeeded In building
up a new and beautiful city In such ■
a Bhort space of time—a city which
Is, I understand, greater' and better.
In every wny than early Fernie was,
This Is highly commendable,;- and
shows thrift and progress nnd great
possibilities for the' future.
I have journeyed hero for the purpose of offering my good offices ln nn
effort to bring about an a'mlcablo adjustment, If possible, of tho differences
existing between the  Oporntors and
tho United Mine Workers of Amorica in
this district, In the hope that my services may bo of somo nsslstanco.    It
is my earnest hope thnt my efforts,
in conjunction with tho efforts of my
colleagues, will result in some benefit
to nil concerned.     I was vory much
lmpressod by tho words of tho Mayor
when ho expressed the deep Interest
taken by tho public In the outcomo of
our controversy.    It has always been
the proud boast of tho United Mlno
Workers of Amorica that thoy have on-
listed tho support nnd Interest of tho
public, and of public opinion, In such
controversies, and I wish to say that
tho fact that we belong to tho United
Mlno Workers does not nllennto us
ub from tho public, nnd wo are very
much Indebted for tho splendid evidences of public estoora thnt wo have
received In the many great controvcr-
sitm thnt our organisation has boon unfortunately compollod to ongnge In.
I don't expect at this time to discuss
tho qiiOHtlorin that appear to rntise the
difference of opinion botvtnon the employers and the employees in this district, but I hope to hnvo tho opportunity of doing so Inter on, nnd to discuss tlinm more thoroughly with tho
mlno workors, than I am doing at thia
tlmo.
I would like to sny that I am very
much Impressed with the surroundings
of your Krent rnuntry. An I Journeyed from my own native land, I could
not well understand wby there ihould
hr. n^» *„*.(„..„ _!!J.\.,,.,„.V, „; „,„,„„„
bftww<n iwo nufh j»t«M miintr.u. 3Jy
onrnoat wish nnd constant deslro In
that we ihould cultivate a tendency
to build up greatm* countries and
greater citizenship* In both of nur
lnnd*
I wish to again thank the Mayor
and business men of this rlty for their
cordial reception, nnd trust my visit
will prove of benefit to them and to
the people I represent.
CHAUOE OF TIME
Tn* ' PivwhyMrffln Sunday School
hare changed their hoar of eervlte
from 12 noon to 2 p.m.
Mr. John Ilarnei, from Waldo, wai
u town vUitor Thursday, stopping off
en route to Irma, Alta., whore he Intends to ajwnd a two veeka' vacation.
Jeff the Jeweller, liai removed to
tbe Johnwn-Faulknfr Dlock, Victoria
Avenue, Uihui'u Lu U now ti-ady lu attend to the want* of hit patrons, either
for Jewelry or wntrh ivpnlrlnir.
INFORMATION WANTED
Anyone having any Information redeeming Jo**ph Victor Trottler. who li
t«t-l.eved to b».<5 worked »* miner In
rttber Alberta or Ik C, lit earnestly
requested to communicate aan» to
Mra. M. TROTTIER,
ill, Haekvlile 8t,
Toronto. Ont,
Oth«r labor pnpers please copy. ^
$*
,*h|'-^vi;v:
c^k •
-:>-'■
y*7
■#   S"
.«.
v- V." '
\ ■ V
PAGE
TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C. OCTOBER 7,1911.
Romantic Tale of the *
 ^—_j .  +
¥
Bonnie Lizzie Lindsay
* " ...
Arbroath Mill Worker J
,," - By L. W. Grewar
' It was an exceptionally cold winter's
morning, and the hundreds of workers who were pacing the quiet streets
of Arbroath on their way- to work
looked neither \p the right nor" to the
left.     v "-.«,*.,'
'In., the  darkness  the  women   had
their shawls drawn tightly over their
*- heads,   almost   covering', their ■ faces,
and shivering men; with their hands
deep down in their trouser pockets.
and very few, if any, of his escapades
reached the public's ears.    ;    -,
One night Sir Edward trysted Lizzie
to meet him half-a-mile,from the estate
and arranged'to have a motor spin out
the country a bit, "Perhaps the-length
of Arbroath," he said, .'.'where you^and
1 are not known."
As many a girl of twenty—innocent
of' the wicked world—would have done
in the circumstances, she accepted the
invitation.    It only became a question
slipped along; most   of   them    with 0f meeting practically every night.
the soothing pipe in their mouths,
Tlie shrill whistles were sounding
the warning that only  five minutes
remained from the time that the great
engines would start   on    the   day's
7 work. .
There was one more anxious than
the others, perhaps, that she would
.   not bo locked out.     That was,Lizzie
Lindsay,    with    a    dear   infant   of
" nine months pressed close to her bos-
■ om. Lizzie stopped at the door of a
tenement in Marketgate, and in response to her knocks an old woman
opened  the door and took ■ the child
over from its mother's care.   , Not a
word passed between the-women.
. -   Lizzie Lindsay was employed at the
Burnside  Works.      Although  having
. only the matter of two hundred, yards
to run  after parting with her; child
the machinery was already in motion
when   she   dlspossed  herself  of   her
shawl, and a gruff voice .sounded,  -
' "Hurry up now, Lindsay; it's funny
you're aye late." ,        ,'    _
-'' The foreman's remark was linheed-
'  ed'by'the girl—she was only a'girl,
" being some twenty, years old. •
.There -was' something  hid  behind
...that charming face-of. hers.     While
the" other    young   girls would    joke
and shout and sing'"while the wheels
'.''■ went' round."  Lizzie never as much
."• -as smiled.
"..     Six .months previously" Lizzie Lind-
-  say   found  employment  at  Burnside
Works, and from then up to the morn-
c ing we read of, no one was the wiser
• of who she was, of whence she came.
'    Lizzie was a healthy, pretty-complex-
7 ioned "lass when first she entered the
mill;  she was now wearied and careworn.     The" world seemed nothing to
'   her.      She worked from  six In the
morning until six at night solely for
. the sake of her child.     Six shillings
and sixpence out of her hard-earned
" wages" had'to be handed'over every
,  . week to Mrs  Smith for the provid-
 ._4„„7.«.P_n_onQ».tvL^hrflalrfn«t__riTld—dinner.
' every day; and for the nursing of the
bairn:      The child was taken home
every evening  at six o'clock by its
mother  to  her 'little, attic  ln  John
'   Street.'      ■ 0
To her neighbors also, the mother
and her child seemed to be a mystery.
" None ventured to ask who she was
or, from where she came, but, as gos-
sipers usually do, they had all the
ways possible of solving the question.
But not one was near the mark.
Let us, therefore, outline briefly the
girl's history. As anyone could see?
Lizzie Lindsay had at ono tlnio been
accustomed to a good home. Life
ln nn attic with a bed. a tableland ono
.. chair was not what she was brought
up to. Her parents resided about
throe miles from Montrose, where she
was born and resided until that eventful day ln July when she ran off with
the young laird of' Drumary, Sir Edward Wallace. Her father waB head
gardener on the estate, and they had
n commodious cottage, which stood at
the main entrance to tho mansion
houso.
Sir Bdwnrd rnrely drovo Into town,
although his father possessed a ,palr
of beautiful grey horses.     Ho had a
love for tho motor, and had a car, but
no chauffeur,   Sir Edward; in his University days, was a splendid uthleto,
and the wnlk of threo miles into Mont-
roBo nnd tho three miles back counted
nothing to him.    As Sir Edward passed out of tho gnto of the ostato, ho
mndo It his custom to call In nt tho
'■   Llndsnyn, ntid  Lizzie ofton answered
his   remarks,  "How's  evor'ybody  today?"
So It. Hiino about thnt tho girl nnd
the young lnlrd had long talks together wlienovor thoy mot, nnd fairly In-
loxleated with her charming figure
rind pretty face he soon foil inndly In
lovo with her. Hut sho wns not tho
only girl Sir Edward had woo'ed, nnil
many n tlmo did bo give his ngod father roiison to complain bitterly of his
roaming hnblls. Sometimes ho would
disappear for weeks, and nobody seom-
" od to know whoro he went. Monoy,
however, covers a multitude of, sins,
The Children's Hair
A UUle Extra Care Now May Save
After Yean of Regret
Cni.aiau pi*j »u lifclo uial llii» ii«>*u
pftripirM and the hair ha* a tendeney
to mat ana a«i *uci.y on the acaip.
Soap anil water dooin't seem to remove It, but the hair muit breathe
to be healthy. Just try Nyal's Illrtu*
tone. Hub It Into tlie.roou of the hair
with the balls ot tlim nnicars. The
children like It and will ask you to
un* It Hlrtutone loosens up the *e-
tuwu»fci«ic_ 6u»i Mta p«r»i»f*uori kf.ii
the luUr and aealp can then be eully
and thoroughly cleaned, After It la
dried give another application of Hlr-
■utone. ,Aft*r you have used It for
a while you will admit It la the beet
Sou bave ever uied. %Your Nyal Drug
tore wUl cheerfully guarantee lllrsu-
tone to do ell that la claimed for It. >i
For Hnl«! In Kflrnte nmT nimrnnraed by
N. E. 8UDDABV
Poor girl, little did she dream of the
after consequences, and of the bard-
ships she would have to endure.,
" Lizzie had one very intimate companion, Ruby Low, who was in service
at a big house In,the outskirts of Montrose. " Sir Edward had learned of this,
and the idea struck him that he would
got a postcard, sent Lizzie from Montrose requesting her to come and spend
tho night with Ruby.as she was to be
alone, the master and mistress being
off to the Continent on holiday. Lizzie
was requested to come with the last
Bervle train.
Sir Edward strolled carelessly about
the platform as the passengers filed
out of the station, and keeping a close
eye on every one.
"Hullo, Lizzie, what the deuce are
you doing liere at this time of night.
Something wrong,' eh?" *
"Oh, no', Sir Edward. I had a p.c
from Ruby Low asking me to spend
the night with her, as her people are
away." , ■
"Don't attempt to tell me those stories, little girl. „ The servants are all
away also.'-so that won't work."
"But I clid have a p. .c, Sir Edward."
"Don't call me Sir Edward. Call me
Ned. - You see, darling, we are courting, and'my'best girl must have a pet
name for me." ■'
Sir Edward was disappointed at the
cold smile the girl gave. But he had
yet his cards to play.
'And what about this deuced fix
you are in. I suppose I-will have to
'reporj^this flirting of yours to your
veople." 7
"But they know I am to stay a day
or two with,Ruby.'     '     .      ;■  *
"Look here, Lizzie, no more'of that
rubbish with me. You have an engagement to fulfil with some fellov:
here."    - „..-.. .7     -
VT do, not, sir," Lizzie replied.with
'some' heat, stamping "her foot' on the
ground, and was about to mak© off.
 ..tt , _l_i:«_lJ«U'*_Vu___racVl flno
 XHjre,"glliro,- uu" „-^-—»	
word from me and-your father and
mother are turned to the door. My
father, you know, wouldn't allow you
to be staying'away for- a day or two
without his knowledge when you ought
to be assisting, at the big house, the
other servants."
Poor, girl, she was cornered. She
knew that It was within the power of
Sir" Edward to dismiss her father.
"What would, they do, then?" she asked herself.
"I'have a plan, my dear," Sir Edward said lovingly, taking the girl' by
tho arm- "what'do you'think of a trip
together'the length of London?, Your
people woudn't know; my peoplo
wouldn't' inquire where I was. In
half-an-hour the East Coast express
loaves; wo would bo In London to-morrow morning before eight. Will I go
and' book?"    „
"Oh, Sir Edward, I can't; I dnro
not."
"Woll, you know tho alternative.
Quick, sny yes or no."
Lizzie hesitated.    Was thero no ono
to save her?    No one- to ndvlso her?
Poor girl.     To hor It was to be an
eventful journey.
"Yes, I'll go."
"Good, my little love." So saying,
he mnde a dash for tho booking-hall.
"Go to tho platform," ho crlod back
to hor.
Llttlo was anld until tho powerful
engine, with Its commodious corridor
cnrrlngos, stenmod Into the station.
Tho laird and tho girl wero nhown Into
a carriage and were soon on tholr way
to tho gront. city. Artor supper, tho
two ngnln entered Into convocation.
Ho beckonod tho girl ncrosB to hl»
side of tbo compartment, lovingly
wrapped her up comfort ably with travelling rugs, Tor ho hnd everything
pro-nrrnngod.
"Mzzlo, my wee pot, I think wo shall
got mnriiod nt the registry offlco In
London. Nobody will know of It.
You enn go bnck to your motliw'H, nnd
I will rpmnln nt l\omo. My fnthor Is
getting ngod, and I mny soon bo called
upon to mtningo the affnlrB of tho ob-
tnto. I would then require you, my
llttlo sweethenrt."
Wna sho dreaming? She could not,
renllio that nho wns travelling, «o
smooth wub the running of the carriage and ao comfortablo tho" compartment.
"Wo shall got married!" alio repeated thevvo.de to .nm>dt liuw and
again.
"Oh, Sir Edward, why do you tempt
mo? How could n girl In my humblo
position think of that? No, novor!
And alio made as ii u» litw nwwil.
"Come, come," ho ploodod, "do not
bo so harsh with mo. I know, LImIo,
hov, to carry things on. I havo
plenty of monoy; you would not to-
quire to do a days work. You would
! avo />v*ryth!ng nl your rail—pretty
dw/.HeR pretty hats. You would meet
the hlRhcat In the land, and you would
entertain. My father does not believe In such luxurlea. but he will aoon
be out of the way."
Could any girl tall to be carried
away \>y audi a falrtongwd wound*
r«lf
at length said, with a visible shake in
her voice.- ' .,,'-.     '
Nothing further of note falls to be
recorded, on the journey south. , Sir
Edward had written to his solicitors jn
London earlier in the week asking
them to have everything-ready for a
marriage at the registry office, so the
event took'place not many hours after
their arrival. .
-Sir Edward handed the girl five £5
notes, and requested her to secure a
first-class outfit. On arrival at Kings
Cross, a cab was hired—there were
no taxi-cabs then—and the pair drove
to one of the leading hotels, where
breakfast was enjoyed. Sir Edward
knew every bit of London well, and
kept the girl interested in everything.
She was certainly enjoying life now
for tho present, at least. ■
Sir Edward's solicitor and his senior
stenographer were the only parties to
attend the-marriage ceremony, and
Lizzie Lindsay looked charming In her
cream dress, as she gave up her. name
in favor of that of Lady "Wallace.
A fortnight was,spent in the metro-
polls, and old Mr and Mrs!' Lindsay
were out of all, patience as to what had
come over their only daughter.
The postman knocked at the cottage
door, one .morning, however, with a
letter addressed to them from' tho
great London hotel. ' ,   c-   .
"Come here, father,'! Mrs. Lindsay-
shouted excitedly to her-husband, who
was busy in the garden: "Whatever's
up'.' Here's Lizzie writing from London.      Quick,  read it  oof     '      ,'
Right enough, it 'was V letter from
Lizzie.     It ran: '->
"Dear  Father  and 'Mother,—You
will have wondered what has been
up with me. . Well, I will break it
gently—I got married last" week to
Sir Edward Wallace. —. (here Mrs.
Lindsay screamed aloud and  sank
down Into the arm-chair)—and I am
very happy. ,  Don't on any account
tell anyone. « Not, until, at least, we
come home.    I am to stay with you
until dear "Ned falls heir to the es-
, tate.     Then, dear father and moth-
" er, we shall be rich and happy. Love
and kisses.     Your own bairn still,
'   - y '"Lizzie Wallace."
For a,moment or two. there was silence!-.""The" poor old gardener first
looked at his wife, sitting, as if turned
into1 a pillar of stone, in the arm-chair,
and-then, he stared absent-mindedly
at the letter. ~-    t
"Oh.  Jeeines. oh^J Jetanes," what's
wreck.' - One day7a wire was received
by the. old-.laird' that'.his 'son  was
found dead in.-a hotel, arid" asking,,if
his remains..-would be brought-.'north.
The old laird travelled southland -so,
as  not'to,'make, public  the- scandal
'created by hte-son's"inglorious end;.he
had him buried,in "London."   -",  ,'• ».--.
We go back to Montrose and - find
the Lindsays' 'm;destitute'C.ircu'mstanc-
es.     Lizzie.-went to Paton's ..mill, to
work, but one day a son was born.    It
was hard enough' to live before;,but
with Lizzie at home also they were "at
starvations'- door.  ," The., neighbors
were kind to them, but the Lindsay's
kept their inriiith closed as to the girl's
identity.      . .     '-        „ '    ' " y   '   ,
Lizzie  had  commenced,  to-.'work
again, and everything miglit have gone
well  with   them,  until  one  day  her
mother took a sudden illness and died.
The past worry had told itstale.    The
father was' also ageing quickly,' and
he too soon passed away'.     The poor
girl was left with her Infant child to
battle the cruel world herself.    l>    ,
She could not stand .the thought of
entering tho house at nights and thinking of the past.     No, ^he must get
far away from Montrose?   It was then
an advertisement appeared    ln    the
newspapers asking  for  spinners for
Arbroath.      Selling  off everything,
with the exception of a table, a chair,
bed clothing, and several household
necessities, Lizzie set out for Arbroath'
and soon started to work at Burnside.
Lizzie had got her next-door neighbor in John Street to keep her. child
for half-an-hour until she went down
the street a message.    It was seldom
the girl was out in the evenings after
she^returned' home at six o'clock, but
this, night she quite over-looked the
message. "\       '
' She was hurrying" down Keptie
Street when she passed a girl of about
twenty-six. . Her face seemed .very
familiar, and she decided to turn back
and have another look at' her. ,
', "Are'you Ruby Low?"'she asked.
"Oh, yes."   'y
"Lizzie Lindsay; oh, Lizzie, Lizzie,
what are-you doin' here? They're
searchin'- a' the country for you." .
"Who's they?", Lizzie asked. • ,o
"Why the trustees on the estate of
Drumary have learned you have, a son,
Lizzie, and he lsThelr to the estate
and';,all.- the, money. Tlie, old' man
doubted, the-truth about your marriage, but Mr. Mills, the solicitor,- went
to London and secured a copy=of-the
marriage' certificate. The old man
,then forgave you.'"   ' •
"Is that true, Ruby?" „ ,y
:-It is. Lizzie, dear. But why did
you nol'wrlte'me, I would have helped
you. i 7T have married also—to - John
"Young—aiid we have the farm..of
Dutchy. "near Inverkeilor.'
TO GO ON
Conducted Strictly Within tlie Letter of-M
Law Says fierwont/;
"Men have~<no,business' telling, thetr.j- ,"Why"dd yo"u";p'ut that small boy.to
employers what7to:do7 'I' run":'my-owri -work?7she'asked,;when, she/saw his
come ower" oor ain lassie, to marry
such a scamp? Oh, Jeemes, what will
we, dae to save her?" '
"•"Tuts, woman, the thing's a moleskin," he replied, trying to brighten
her up, although he had hiB fears also
about the girl's happiness. Often
had the old laird confided his secrets
to the gardener about his son's ongoings. "Oh, weel, we'll juist wait
awee, for we canna afford to feoht'wi'
either old or young laird.'
The young couple returned the following, week. They arrived at the
cottage well' on to midnight, when
they knew the old laird would , bo
asleep. Sir Edward's car was left in
the garage at Montrose, and?a wire
being dispatched to Montrose from
Edinburgh on the way north to have
the car waiting at the' station, no time
was lost.
Everything might havo passed off
weir but for1 tho fact that Sir Edward
ono day fought with tho butlor at the
mansion iiouse. Tlio butler had loam
od of tho marriage, nnd'out of revenge
for being dlBmlSBed from his Bltuatlon,
ho let out the secret.
The old laird danced, white with pas
slon. It was not his boh ho wont to
—it was to the gardener's cottage.
Horo Sir Edward was sitting enjoying
tea with his young wife and hor father
and mother.
There wns no ceremony with tho old
laird. .Rushing Into tho kitchen ho
Bhoutod;
"Horo, tho wholo lot of you, loavo
thin estate at once. Quick, out you
go.1
It' would- take me a day to_telfyou
the story, Ruby, of my trials since
last we met." \
o "But," continued Lizzie, "are you not
coming up'to''see,ine and my baby?"
"No,' Lizzie, for I have to-catch-the
last train to Inverkeilor; my husband's
to' be waiting me' wl' the gig there.'
"AH-right, Ruby, we'll meet again."
"Weel, Lizzie, you must get about
claiming what's your own. Get a business man engaged at once."
So saying, the two parted. Lizzie's
son the heir to Drumary! If only her
father a'nd mother had been alive to
learn the glad, tidings.
******
° Years passed on arid Lizzie's child
grew up to be a handBome lad. Lizzie
did not return' to Burnside Works, but
took up residence at Drumary with her
son. She was a good friend to the
poor, and treated her tenants ns if
thoy'wero hor own family.
One day, six years after taking up
residence at Drumary, Lizzie married
in tho quiet country church,  Dave
Steele, a neighboring farmer's son, and
a  sweethenrt of her,,younger days,
They live a happy life, and when the
young laird comes of age there will
be groat rejoicings at Drumary.   Lizzie often Bpoalcs about tho days alio
Bpent ln Arbronth, and she say's that al
though flho had to work hard Bho was
happy with tho little chap as hor companion.
"Bonnie Llzzlo Lindsay,
Bonnlo LIzeIo LlndBiiy,
Thoro'a no* n lass In a' the glen,
Llko bonnlo Llzzlo Lindsay."
NEW YORK.—Judge- Elbert H.'Gary
chairman ,of; the United States' Steel
corporation,. in a statement recently
declared emphatically that no negotiations whatever between the steel corT
poration and the department of justice
had taken place looking tothe dissolution or disintegration ot the United
States Steel Corporation. The statement follows:       -  ;
"Pursuant to.the unantnous vote of
the board of directors of the United
States Steel corporation,'at a meeting
held this afternoon, the following state
ment Is published.      ->   , '[•''-
No Negotiations Under Way
"No negotiations whatever have taken place between the steel corporation
and the department of justice looking
to the dissolution or disintegration'of
the corporation., The corporation was
organized- for bu'siness reasons, and
purchased Its .various, plants ,to promote such business and not to restrain
trade'or obtain a monopoly.
"In all its operations.the company
has scrupulously observed the law and
recognized, the joint rights of its competitors," and the consumers of. its
products. So far a's its directors are
aware, no .complaint" has . ever; been
madev'agalnst'lt by either of-these in-'
terest's. ■ The directors are advised by
its^ counsel that its existence is not in
violation of the Sherman Act as interpreted in recent-decisions of the
supreme court. -j-    '
Believe Organization Legal
; "In view of this  record  and this
advice  the directors  feel' that their
duty to their stockholders, their-employes  and' the' public • requires' that
they should set at'rest all rumors to j |
the- effect that 'they are contemplating
any voluntary-dissolution   or   disintegration of the corporation or have any
belief■ that-*it is subject,to such.dissolution or disintegration by legal, action.' '  We" believe the, organization is
legal, and that its management is proper.'' Its "properties are of, immense
intrinsic value and the corporation is
of-,beriefit-to7the-pub!ic-interest_^_k_—^-«,
."'    • J. PIERPONT MORGAN,
ELBERT H. GARY,    ,
helper/ was so-small that he-Had tp',
stand on a box? to" reach, a shelf. 7 _ -
"7'T- hate;;to. do,' it("" he replied7"butv
the'.riiargih of profit "which the:' trust i
permit'me to-make Is so, small that I"
cant;, afford tb^bire a' man." 7 •„■ .7
r-f'How is .trade?" she ,-then' ■ questioned. '-■■*"7' " ;•' 7--V •■ •;- --, ^    \ •
y "Oh'poor.'; Getting worse every day.
-  "I had,nothing to-db with that; the,^ cUstom"efs'-7grumble/at7the -poor
Sugar, Trust put-up the price", a ;■    - * •   '   ■■-    "-'   r.'''-. ^ -'-"''
'  ."Why, do you have so much cob iri
the canned corn?"       '   ;   '" , v -,
"I am not to blame for. that; It' is
the way the canneries'put it up'.',.".
i.".Why are. the'canned tomatoes so
'highly'colored?" [ y   '    .   ,   '•       "'
' "That is the doings of the canneries
again.' ,'    '       , 7 7.'. ; '',
business „as~ I please, and I'll have no
one, dictating to'lme." /Vy'^y-V •-.' ;_
•• After "he* had Vtold, iier- tlie.price of
salt pork she'asked. ,-^Why, have", you
i-aised7the price?"7:He' answered:.'-.!
am'not'tOjblame for that; ^thepackers
have raised it,"  '. '. ;•     '     '7--'
".And  what  about the  increase  in
sugar?"   ' .   ,    - ','« y:' t ;';
goods, and every time the,'prices' are;'*
raised somie' of "them drop'off"' ;',   , ■„-, ..■
"Perhaps;" she said, and;she looked _-, 7
him-in the^eye,as she spoke slowly—?/'
"perhaps', your;'customers believe* that,,
you run your own business just as you'- -.
please."—By Agnes TH.'Downing,,   in., .',
Chicago Daily  Socialist.     • "^   7  7 -   -,
45 Steam-Heated  Rooma
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading Commercial Hotel;
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.
GATES, Prop
J
Imperia^Bank ofJJaMda
7\: _       7    , HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO       7  s       ,.       "
Capital Authorized .7/   $10,000,000   Capital Subscribed .. '   -6,000,000.
.Capital Pald-.Up .......       5,9,44,278 , Reserve'. Fund   ...iy,' 5,944,278
.  D. R.WILKIE, President   ':    HON. ROBT. J AFFRAY, VIce-Pres. ,
«. '" ,   BRANCHES   IN. BRITISH. COLUMBIA.    -    °    ;      ,
Arrowhead^ Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
"  Revelstoke," Vancouver and Victoria.    . .<
'    7        SAVINGS DEPARTMENT .,'_'.    m
-  Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH    . GEO. 1. B. BELL, Manager
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
"Committee of Board of Directors."
RUNNING HIS OWN BUSINESS:
"I do, not believe In labor unions."
said'a grocer to,a trim little woman
who had handed   him a union paper
MANY  FEET /
OF LUMBER
*   are wasted when-^lt. Is .^not of
. .first class quality., ..Knots, and
, ' knot, holes, soft spots, etc., are
.... of^rio-'usc, Tyet all have to be0
, paid • for -just the same.
EVERY FOOT;OFy '     -   ;,    -
OUR   LUMBER,
can be-used.-,. We select It so.
,. carefully that all "culls" are re-'
'    moved, leaving only first class'
serviceable stuff for your use.
■ Practice real ^economy by buying your lumber here.
MCPHERSON  AVB.,.OPP. 0. N.   DB.POT, -FKRNIB
¥
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ers
For DISTRICT LEDGER Readers
Spend Your Money  with   These
Turning to Mr, Lindsay, ho continued!
"You, you old blackguard, would try
and throw your (laughter upon my bqii.
Just, I Buppoao, for tho anko of his
money. Hut no monoy will he got
from mo, I would rather glvo It to
tlio first beggar I met on tlio road.'"
So miyliiHf, the old lnlrd loft tho
houso,
"Oh, Sir Edwnrd." tho younB wlfo
plendod, "wlmt are wo to do? Can't
you try to bxplnin manors 7'
"Explain matters," replied her husband, "why you might as woll apeak
to that dresser. No, you throe cloar
off to Montroao to-morrow, Hero's a
couplo of -CG notes, nnd I will bo In to
soo you all about n future homo, Wo
shall try and got n nmnll fnnn In tho
uiMiriu.
Ati'wdl'Ji.lj' Uic three IJ77,lo, her
father nnd mothor—sot off for Montrose noxt dny. An obliging fnrmor
carted In their furniture and a enug
three-roomed houBo In Perry Street
'tl tit* owwuV^
Week after week passod, nnd atlll no
word from Sir Kdwnrd. Poor Llnlo
was heart-broken ovor tho affair, but
had always nn excuse to offer hor
father and ibothor as to hla whoro-
abouts, although within hersolf she
hnd a dread about tho matter.
It appeared that Blr Edward waa not
admitted to hla old home by the laird,
and with no prospocta of hla father
repenting the younK fellow cleared off
to London. No more did he think of
the dear wife he left, behind. He gambled and drank, lost money on horse-
THE RIGHTS OF THE PUBLIC
I am Blck of those cries for "law and
order" whenever a hungry nnd outraged workman brenliB a window, while
law and order nro ground under tho
hoolB of our whole capitalist aoclcty.
I am Hick of hearing of tho "rights of
of tho public" whenovor thoro Is a con
fllct between capital and labor. There
con ho no rlithts unless there nro roB-
ponHlbilltlcs also. A public that
can sit Buplnoly In lrrcupon«lvo fillenre
whllo Itn own laws aro being violated
by commercial banditti! a publlo that
nnmimPH no reBponslblllly for and tak-
ob no IntoroBt In the lives of tho men
who dig Its coal and handle Ub moat
r.r.3 it.:; 1.3 rr.l'.TW""'. i ''nwnrdly pub-
Un, which whln«* Ha «pl*e nRiitnat
thnRo who nerve It, nnd llckfl tho foot
of Uiobo who rob it—such n publlo
has no rights that anyone U bound to
r«Biioct.~FRANiaiN„ H. WENT-
wrvtmt
I'mppoM ao, Sir Edward," the girl raclnir, and latterly became a total
THANKS TO L. W. ORBWAR
By an overilght when publishing
"Tarn Swnnkle'i Bonnie Joan," which
apjKjarcd In our l»»uo ot September
23rd, we did not give the name of
the author. Thli atory la from thu
pen of L,. W. Orewtr, of the "Herald"
staff, Arbroalh, Scotland, who baa al
ready obtained considerable reputation
as a short atory writer, and wo hope
to be able to reproduce other literary
ellorta ol hla at some future date.
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General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co.
Crows Nest Trading Co.
Philip Carotella      *
Weber's Store, Ltd.
Butchers
"41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Dairy
Fernie Dairy
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
Home Bank
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumbor Co.  •-
Billiards and Pool
W, Intjram, Club Cigar Store,
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
Royal Hotel, Nelson
Real Estate
C. E. Lyons
M. A. Kaitner
Joe Qrafton
Hardware
J, D. Quail
Trlt«i Wood
J, M, Agnew A Co* Bike,
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co,
p, Carotella.
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
Second Hand.Store
Q, Radland
i-
When you?re dry
Mutt extra
Livery & Cartage
Qeorge Barton
Sewing Machines
Wm, Barton
Professionals
DENTISTS
Dr, WrlgUsworth
. Dr. Barber
LAWYERS
Roes, M«D«n«M and Lane
Eckstein A MoTaggart
Laws A FUher
fl
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7*
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"s<?i'^S%S&i -1- Srt
_jx.ji.-*.jigy
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': =3^ ->y.tt£^-^'-;fo£jM^
THE-DISTRldT; LEDGER, FERNIE,. B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1911.
.".
v :
■'
V.
h"
r'
AvSerwus
■■?-
,"»>t.-
ofiEwewmtiyrmioe
'";-• .Wberi-Jorie^lopk^'atj tfe'. large; ami
ount of .money, paid.by,.the public, in
;' the"'shape of. premiums'" tb^secure them
'" against l'oss'by-vfire^arid'^compares it
with the' amount of, money -actually
paid''for -losses ;by fire, the' difference
.irrtlie figures' "calls' for serious consi-
,, deration.';'  , The!, total premiums paid
' iriaysbe looked upon as a public sub-
ascription  to, provide;a-^fund' put; of
,rwhlcn"to pay for losses by fire."  The
>, unnecessarily large amount of the puV
' lic; subscription;is the .question.', .When
all "the operations of the different insurance . companies'' are" put together
and^ boiled .down, the^ truth remains
. that everybody  pays - for everybody
'else's fire/arid In doing so the"payers
of premiums. pay' millions of pounds
more than are required. -
In the case where an individual or
!' cptnpany sets aBlde money to form a
fund to meet contingencies lri his business, the money remains his property.
7, If thero is loss, he recoups It froiri ,the
fund; If .there is no,loss, the money
still stands to the, credit of his' fund,
and possibly accumulates according to
payments.     The fund 'formed by tho
public, regardless of Us amplitude, Ib
,at the end of each year wholly depleted,' and another fund equally capacious
* must   consequently  be. provided   for
' the next.. ' The preiniums paid by the
', Insurers not only, provide the money to
. pay for fires; they provide money to
'  pay  dividends  on  capital,- form  and
over augument .funds .that grow into
vast' accumulations   called   reserves,
. and, above all, pay the expenses of a
system the most wasteful possible, in
order to achieve, an object that ;tbe
." simplest administration could encom-
. pass. ■/What the individual    would'
look upon as sheer madness, .the people in their collective and", individual
;   capacity consider reasonable., "' -
Even if the insurers had a-large bar;,
* rel into which they all .threw; their
premiums to provide against loss, and
at the, same time registered the names
•' and amounts of the contributory, there
"   would be reason In- it. ' „The .losses
by fire could be taken out of the barrel
' „and the cash still .left there would'be
available for future contingencies as
well .'as to reduce tlie amount of the
,. next" contribution;/.' It: .must beappar-
, ent to' every/one, that the%ioney required to be put,into\the barrel would
y be'very«little compared with what is
required to-be put into,the coffers of
.  insurance companies.    If any compensating advantages' accrued-to the public from the costly company or private
-.ii
"*^TcapitaIrmetbou~tbere'~wouId~bfc_3om&'
'.  thing to/ say', in "favor, butMvhen the
v blatter "is probed to the bottom there
is not' .only .no "advantage -whatever,
.'.-■ 7but an appalling disadvantage.
""■.  It is not proposed'here to use a large
- ^barrel.for. the purpose of holding in-
. Btirance  money. .A" better, method
could be adopted ln these enlightened
,'• days of finunclal economy.'    The system Ib one of folly—folly on the part
of the premium payers, not of the premium receivers. -. It Is the former people whose Interests are' the subject
ot discussion here—they are.the parties whose money Is Involved.     Municipal   or   natloharadministration -In
■   cases where tho Interests of nil nro (den
..tlcal has long had Its advocates, but it
has taken demonstration to,convince
. tho peoplo of* Us wisdom or otherwise.
In, the case of manufacture tho municipal authority must pursue tho ordinary
'■   methods; but ln the case'where the
disunited''notion ot tho public In a system of finance results In great loss the
municipal authority,can act with pro-
to nil. , „
Between these two chases of .business operations peoplo Bhould discriminate when vlowtrig the question of
central action, Many supposo that
the municipal authorities would simply mean tho transfer to tho town halls
of nil tho work and methods of the
present Insurance companies with llttlo advantage to bo gained.    It .would
be.quite"the'opposite;"there would-be
nothing,transferred, The simile of,the
barrel .shows that- y 7;''7.-v
.,Letais'.coine.to,business.' ,' In order
to - show,.; how •' the - - matter .', actually
stands' between .the .public and, the insurance companies, we will/endeavor
to get an. idea-of the present',cost of
fire-insurance,to the nation,- and then
try to"' arrive at an "approximation as
tor what the cost-would, be under [a
"pool." y Look; at ' the '-'insurance
register,'we^finid that in l'907. the aggregate of the premiums" amounted to
nearly '£26,'o60.000.7. The accumulated
funds of the.companies, exclusive of
paid-up capital, ariiounted to £30,000,:
000 odd. ..The grand "total, of the paid
up capital of the companies amounted
to about £9,000,000, and' the amount
paid In dividends or credited to,profit
and loss account was over £2,000,000.
The' commission paid to obtain business amongBt the competing companies amounted,to over £4,000,000. The
general expenses lri .the management
of the different companies totalled
about' £5,000,000—34 per cent, of the
premiums'went in "expenses and commission. .   ■     '7      •
The losses in 1907 amounted to under 50 per .cent of the premiums paid—
i. el,'.about £12,000,000. • All expenses attached to investigation and disputation of claims'are' of course included in the losses, so that they appear much larger than they really are.'
When if is considered that the'coin-
riiissio'n-paid'by tlie competing companies to get,business amounts to over
£4,0,00,000, there is reason to suppose
that the expenses attached to,the disputation of claims must, be, considerable. , It ■ would appear, then, reasonable'to place-the actual loss' by 'fire
at!.,say, £0,000,000. 'There was a
computation made oyer twenty years
ago that .the losses by- fire all over the
world approached £30,000,000 a'year,
so that the premiums paid in Britain
for 19.07 would 'have been almost
sufficient to cover the - loss of the
world at that'period!
The insurance .business is1 growing,-
and the, aggregate of premiums paid is
ever on the increase.. Yet it is questionable whether fires are on the increase. L •"' Greater precautions are to
taken every year, arid'- improvements'in fire extinction are constantly being1 inaugurated... To sum the
question up we have:—7 7', '
Capital-' sunk' -.;..;.. y.'... '' '8,723,344
Premiums paid'in 1907 ..£25,659,603
Accumulated funds all ga-'v~7
rV-"*""* rfft/vm r_i*_oTTi4ii«Tia ■'    '  -' - "
 v >.vi "\rfVJt Li v*i*—■ \*± -\/u-*jli*xl*u-■ ■ ' ■	
"' paid  -...'...". '.'.■.'.'.'..V.'.'  30,417.767
'We "'-will now endeavor, to" arrive ''at
the', approximate cost to the% nation
that.would result from the municipal
management of fire insurance pools: ,
yPlacing the pool,'at- £4,006,000 .or,
"£5,000,000, leaving America jan'd -Australia out, the premium's,,wpuldybe;
about'one-eight ,of what;,they; are, at
present, and the accumulations would
rernain to credit. " It could be managed iri this way7 ,"',-■ ' ;-,7" ,\ '
' Let a register be kept at the municipal offices of the names,,and risk's;
each citizen insuring lbJ state'the value of. building or goods and pay according tb risk. The pool; would only
require to'be augumented in'cases of
fire. In many towns" the lossjby fire
over'periods of years is comparatively
insignificant. Stateriients as to vadue
and inventories would be lodged. . No
politics would' be required." The name
In the register would be sufficient:
Only'a receipt for the amount paid
would be necessary, a duplicate being
kept for ■ audit purposes. A citizen
would see that his name was" placed
upon the list. In-cases of fire claims
would be lodged with the pool coriimlt-
tee,,nnd the claims testified to by witnesses.- After a ,little Inquiry the
money could be paid without any expense. , Two or three clerks In each
municipal office could manage the
whole business. If the pool' were to
be reckoned on a' national basis the
local authorities could be advised from
the,national department as to the.rate's of premium necessary, and, instead
of tine funds lying in banks to be used
for' private' profit all over the country, they could be economically used
by the central government.
It may be averred that the pool system would be open to he perpetration
of fraud. Under the, present system
good faith is the basis of the contract;
with the pool it would■» be the'same.
With the pool there would be witnesses-to statements of risk and loss. The
word "fraud" riiust necessarily apply
to premium receivers as well as to the-
payers. ■ ';'       . -
Written .policies do not minimise
fraud. -The inclusion of reservations
that are riot admissible under common
law and equity still more detract, from
policies as instruments of value. It
must be'admitted also that'where enormous sums' of money are concerned
there is more room for fraud than with
small sums. ,     .
With the pool it would cost more to
institute machinery to prevent fraud
than' the amount' of any loss that is
likely to arise from-it. The loss by
the present method is .not only represented by the money shown, but the
labor of the great army of "clerks and
officials is "also lost to profitable industry. At'the beginning of the pool
system the citizens could make their
payments a little larger to assist "the
cle_-t-S--out-.of.:emplO-_ment--until7their
risk, and the other is the extinction of
fries. When insurance eompariies
were a^ first ■ inaugurated they undertook to extinguish' fures, and for a century and a half they maintained (Eire
brigades.. The--disunited action of
the insurance companies \vas,,so ludicr-"
bus in reference to fire extinction- that
the public safety was endangered, and
the municipal councils had perforce to
take over the control of the fire brigades.- ■ In. the, early days, when' a
fire took place, each company thought
it was "Jhe, other*1 fellow's fire." It
would have been bad business policy
to have assisted a competitor to put
out his fire. The brigades are mostly
maintained by rates, and subsidies, and
in some cases there are small contributions '"by the insurance companies.
The companies disclaim any responsi-
blbity as to fire .extinctions. They
have; benefited by the public action,
and the enormous reserves and large
exixinses In their systems show that
they liave always charged a premium
high in proportion to actual loss by
fire.
If the disunited action of the companies In the,extinction of fire was
ludicrous, liow much more so is"tho
disunited action of the people In maintaining the present system of Insurance? It must be evident to all that
some of the poverty-of tho masses
is to be attributed to this form of national waste. There are many instances of such in our economy; but this
one might be rernied-at once.. Tlie
municipal councils could act without
delay and national action' could follow.
—Family Herald, London (Bng.).
Fig Pills
Are sold with a positive guarantee tb
cure,CONSTIPATION. INDIGESTION,
arid,all KIDNEY, LIVER and BOWEL
disorders. At all dealers, 25 cents per
box,-or The Pig Pill Co.,-St. Thomas;
Ori'U   , '".        ■ .,'.,'
WORKINGMEN, SOLDIERS
OF  PEACE AND  WAR
. „        >   By Luke McGluke ,..'	
It was my privilege to be one of
thousands of spectators to witness two
different kinds of workingmen's parad;
es on Labor Day. One, a parade of
an army-of over six thousand united
craftsmen iri civilian dress, bearing
banners and emblems representative of
tlieir respective unions and callings,
soldiers" of peace, industry and production ; the other an army of State militia aiidutheir guests, a red-coated Canadian regiment, in gorgeous uniforms
and trapplngs,i;all armed .with instruments of death arid accompanied by. a
hospital "cprp's'with their wagons and
stretchers for the wounded soldiers of
war, misery and 'destruction. Indeed
So true to; the calling of the soldier,
that one of the British officers who
was present and "who Is reported vto
have seen real service (human destruction for-profit) said that,he was
forced to'compliriient the blue,coated
militiamen on the fine exhibition they
put up of usefulness for. practical service,- i.e., more-human destruction for
pr'ofii, to ,be."'      ' ° \'
-.   ,.,     < ,        ,
Here were two armies made up of
workingmen,' one parading in the forenoon towards the' rising sun, the other
in. the afternoon > towards tlie setting
sun. one an army of light and hope, the
other an army of darkness and despair,
one marching toward a brighter day
when, the light of justice shall shine
on all, the other marching toward the
grave of oblivion in the cemetery of
discarded cruelties.
The bent-backs of many of thb soldiers of both armies told better than
can words tho common brotherhood
which existed between them, " only
those which bore tho uniforms, particularly the red, were the more pronounced. Only here and there could one be
discerned with tho "set-up" of the train
ed, paid soldier; the workman soldier
was so conspicuous that the sight .was
pitiable. ...
Somo day they will comprise one
grand, united army and armed with intellect will be seen marching up to the
ballot bax'on election day to right tho
wrongs of the ages then they will be
united everyday, not merely once a
year, much as that is to their credit.
In that time the implements of war
may be permitted space in museums as
relics of- man's '.struggle for freedom
arid justice.' • Certainly'they will not
be borne by or operated by workmen
against workmen.
' If there is money: owing to you "by any
person,, or firm, 4n Canada, or» the '.Untited1
States, make out a draft against thornrand en-*
trust it' to the Koine"" Bank for Collection.
The draft will be promptly presented for'pay-
ment and the amount collected will be paid
to• you Avithout delay.. The Home Bank has
Brandies and Connections throughout Canada
and correspondents everywhere in.the United
^States.
210
J. F. MACDONLD, Manager
Fernie Branch.
CHICKENS AND COWS
Some foxy one who never work
Still make the greatest showing;
The roosters never lay an egg,
But still does all the crowing.
And there, are others also who
> .Two-legg'd, but lacking feathers;
Can run their-bluff and take the stuff
The patient,worker gathers.
These human birds who never work,,
' But blow and make a;showing,
Will, coine" down off the perch some
,'; ■; . day,
.'And find, the others crowing.-  . -
-   '   ,' ': v '-    '    "   ' —R. H. S.
in
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets ,...',' 40,000,000
Tlie Bank of Hamilton has mndo
saving simple—by eliminatln gall unnecessary Bank formality.
An account may' bo opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act as an Incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while. „   •
J. R. LAWRIE
Agent
Head Office:
HAMILTON
,, :■„'". .Total, .'..■. .7',..'. £64,800,714
," 1'Vls shows money to thej amount of
nearly £65,000,000, sunk in'.meeting a
few fires that £6,000,000 would,have
paid for. What would It total for
the iast twenty years? -'
Taking the average pre-....
mlums at say, £20,000,:
000  .' ..';..•.':... £400,000,000
Capital sunk, say   ',; 7,000,000
Interest on ditto at 5 per' - ■
cent    '..        7,000;000
Accumulated funds at sny ' 29,000,000
Interest on ditto ; ': 29,000,000
Total
£472:000,000
Por that ■ short period money has
been dragged out of tho Industrial capl
tallst and workors of the nation to
tho-tune of say, £472,000,000," to pay
for fire losses that may bo put doSvn
nt £80,000,000. .This shows a loss to
tho British people In that short tlmo of
monoy stupendous ln amount. " Tho
money lost during a more lengthened
period would havo extinguished that
IntoroBt bonrlng burden on tho nntlon
—the National Debt. There Ib no
necessity to quibble about theso figures—tholr oxactncHB Is a matter of no
consequence to the argument. The
capital sunk and tbe enormous reserves are enough to establish It,
T
lkmm\\\mmm\\\\«
No anxiety on   |
Baking-day if you use
Dr Prices
BakinoPowder
absorption in industry, profitable to the
nation.     The money'lost under" the
present  system' would', do  far more
than-keep the>,whole insurance employees in a grand palace doing nothing but enjoying themselves.
■ - Now that the question has been argued generally, it Is necessary to say a
few  words about  the statistics  and
their interpretation.   , The figures include some American business; on the
other hand, they Include the business
done by foreign companies in the United Kingdom,    From British insurance
statistics there are no monnB of determining how much of receipts   and
lossos may be referred to tho,.United
Kingdom.     They are not, sufficiently
uniform and detailed to allow of a
trustworthy summary   of   the entire
business being mnde.     Thoy fall to
glvo classified  amounts  at risk,  so'
that It Is Impossible to show whnt properties financially loBt through deriving no ndvantngo from tho premiums,
owing'to tho Infrequoncy of tiros. The
statistics of the  United  States  nro
much fuller,
Wo will speak of the figures given.
The accumulated fundB of ovor thirty
millions stood at  £35,000,000 In, tho
previous year.     Five millions wero
paid out of tho fund by British offices
to meet claims arising from tho San
FrnnclBco tiros.     In this connection
It would be Interesting to know how
much British pooplo pny for fires In
Amorlcn,    From BtntlstleB tho question wpuld "appear to bo Justified.   If
the American Iobbcr horo tho flonio rotation to tho promluniB m the British
Iobbos do, thon tho American buslnosB
might bo said to pay for Itsolf In ordinary times,    Did It pay for tho cataclysmic dlsaHter In San FrnnclBco?.
Wo will set tbo San FrnnclBco caso
aside and nrguo tho point on other
grounds,    The grand aggregato of tho
United States HtntUtlcH  bIiow  that
moro thnn throe-quarters of tho loss
occurs In fires in which Icbb thnn ono
tenth of llur liiBiirablo value at risk
Ib dostroyod,    This appears advantag-
eotiB to the Amorlcnn offices, but wo
know for a fact thut tho percentage of
flroB la far higher In America than it
is In Britain, although thoy boast of
tho Bmartost flro brlgndoa   In    tho
world,-"   This shows that the preiniums do not boar the anmo relation
to tho louse* as thoy do In Britain,
rurUiuruioiv, tuivi»u uiiicva iuuii*<.-
J.-.'i' ii'llli total oUkcu U> Awwlcii mupt
take small premiums to get business.
Theso considerations certainly Justify
the quostlon an to British loss to tho
advantage of Atnercln.
ry .    , ,   I      ., .,11     f>     .1.     , ...... ..t . n
about levontocn of thorn do two-
thirds of tho business. Thoso offices with enormous reserves must find
tho mutual rates of premiums very
profitable, m they are based on tho
possibilities of the smaller offices. The
pi of its show about 25 por cent on tha
capital. The further consideration of
thoeo statistics In no wny assail the
original ground taken up.
Before, concluding It may bo mention
ed that Ir tire Insurance there are two
operations—one la the Insuring against
One of the rules of the Sydney Labor Council-In regard to affiliation Is'
that It .'shall not be granted to any
new union whoso members, may conveniently, belong to an existing union.
There are on the Sydney Labor Council' several trades represented by more
thnn one' union—two unions of carpenters, the Progressvo and tho Amalgamated, and two unions of engineers
--but with tho growth of many now
organizations It- was felt that something would hnvo to be done to pro
vent, the duplication of unions.    Applications from n, number of societies
hnve boon refused on 'representations
mado by existing unions.    Tho Build-
ci'B' Laborers' Union, the members of
which It, Is claimed should belong to
the United Lnboror'a Union, and tho
BIiickBmlfhs' Union, to,which the Engineer's Societies object, have made
frequent applications.  .The Motor and
Cydo Employees' Union, formod last
year, only secured affiliation on a sec-
gerit.the best educated, and the most
efficient In the world.-    He was not
decrying the young Australian—on tho
contrary, he, had  a high opinion of
him,  but' he' had  his  weak  points.
Clearly his great defects were want of
responsibility and want of discipline.
Tho apprenticeship system was passing away,'rind something would have
to take Its plnce. nnd tho employing
class would have to realize that they
were to" some extent responsible for
the development of the boy; and that
they had something moro to do thnn
merely make money, out of him.   Continuation schools would havo to bo„os-
tabllshed for girls, In which tho various branches   of   domestic   sclonco
might bo taught.
The Commonwealth Statistician (Mr
Q. II. Knlbbs) Is organizing a scheme
for tho collection and publication of
statistics relating to various Important
matters, especially affecting labor nnd
tho InfcrcHtB of wngc-earnorR of tho
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
ond application, nftor opposition fronu Commonwealth.   The Information will
Joe Grafton
half a dozen societies. Tho Boat-
builders' Union was successful loot
wook after tlio application had boon
hold up for a long tlmo ovor a doubt
that, tho union entrenched on tho Shipwrights' Union's Bcopo of organization
Tho Unllwny Workers and Gonoral Laborers' Association lntomls to apply
for nfflllatlon, nnd Its application will
probably bo strongly opposed by the
United Laborers' Protective Society.
Tho Melbourne Wngos Board determination, which takos effect on Aug.
14, flxca tho raloB of pny for lift nt-
tcndnnts employed In hotels, clubs, coffee pnlacea, restaurants or hospitals,
at 37b. (id. a week or R8 hours (without
board or lodging!, 2Tb, Cd. a week
(with board only, and 22s, Od. n wook
(wllh board and lodgings). All othor
attendants nro to receive 42«. a' we*»k
of 50 hours.
The Now South Wnlos Minister for
Education (Mr. Booby), In n lecture
In Sydney en "Ediientlonnl Develop-
montB," said  tho unrest In society
fpncTiitlnn 'nhrmlrt bn VMf»r oflnflitpil.
and so bolter equipped for the work
which lay before It, than tho ono It
BiiccoedMl—Hint It should be moro Intelligent, more moral, and moro nl-
I jwiiijiii. rn- ei'mnMhnUp In Nn nonlrr).
tlons, The society which created
merely a i'cw aristocrats and left tho
bulk of tho peoplo In Ignorance, failed
and always would fall Tho truo basiH
of education wa* the education of tho
people as a whole In order that they
mlRht bo lilted to discharge propnly
the duties of eltlienshlp, Ho referred to the benefits conferred upon
the German young people by continuation schools and other institutions,
the result being that the Gcrmikn work
man of to-day wm the most Intclll-
comprise particulars In regnrd to rates
of wnges. numbers of days worked,
hours of lnbor, and annunl earnings In
different Industries and occupations;
fluctiinllonfl In employment nnd unemployment, nnd the state of the labor
market; Htrlko and lockouts; tho cf-
foot of operations under tho WageB
Board nnd Conciliation nnd Arbltrn
tion  ActH;   trado unions,  employers'
iiBBOclations, sickness,  dlBonwiH,  and
accidents, prlccH of hoiiBohold commodities nnd of raw materials, cost of
production, cont of living and vnrloim
other matters In which the mnBBOB of
tho community nro vitally Interested,
An n preliminary stop towards perfecting the organization of the proposed
Hcliome tho statistician Is now Booking
the cooperation   nnd   an«lHtnnre   of
trade unions throughout tho Commonwealth, with u view to obtulnlng (among other thlnga) periodic reports ns
lo employment and unemployment In
various  Industries and  occupation*.
It Is proposed, ultimately, to publish a
mfwM\1;' \or\r\r hnltMIn   HiMm» flPimtlt
nnd necurnte Information n« to tho
matters mentioned, In addition to an
annual report, nnd also special report ■
on various Inquiries which aro to bo
InHtltutod from time to lime.
In Victoria trnde union rlrrlwi the
proposal of tho tnovornment (o Introduce legislation to provide for compensation to workmen In case of accident
Is exciting grent Intorcst. The TraWeo
Hall Council has appointed a committee to watch the measure, and sug-
K«*t any dealraWe a.m<;nilnwnU. There
nre at present 20 members of the Saw
Mill Kmployeet' Union on the r«-nUUir
of the orjranltatlon, and in view of
the heavy charge on the funds the
proposed bill Is awaited with much
anxiety.
Fernie
B.C.
Step« nro being taken by tho Sydney HontbiillderB' Union to soeuro tho
formation of Hlmllnr unions In Iho other states, with a vlow eventually to
Iho formation of a federation. Tho
movement has been HticcoHHful In
(JuoMiBland, whoro n union wan recent
ly formed wllh a Htrong membership,
nnd In Victoria and Tasmania preliminary HtopH nro bolng taken to organize iho men.
At a Bpoelnl meeting of tho Iloburt
brunch of the Carters' and Driven*'
Union, It wns reported by Mr. Katz
thnt all tho unlonH affiliated with iho
Hobart Trados and Labor Council
would aland by the drivers should tboy
<»xporlonco nny trouble In connection
with tholr offortH for Improved renditions and higher wurob, AfU-r dl«-
cusslon, tho following resolution was
carried: (   i
"Vuttt tin* union \1*iuaii*U -- -'•'>■
per week for single horse drl»•«•/*, and
C2 7s. p*r ww»k for douMo horn*
dsrlvorB; youths under 18, Ms, per
week; youths IS to 81, 3ns. por week;
ihorenlH'r \m< lmmiiiwiii <n«*\-< *««
that, ln tho rvent of tho employers not
nrnntlnK * conference, all carters and
drivers cease work at a date to bo
fixed by tho executive members of the
union."
A sp«tat nwoflng of fhi Tlnllnrnf
(Victoria) branch of the Miners' Aa-
aucUilou wui ut'Ul on Sunday to hear
an exposition by the general eeerelary,
Mr. IJttle. of tbe rules of the propowd
federation of miners' unlena through
ottt tho Commonwealth.     Mr. Liule
Hiild tho federation of the metal minora
of AiiHtralla would booh load, to tlio
federation or nil Iho unloiiri In tho
Commonwonlth, At prcHcnt tho men
In- tho community who worked tho
hardest gained Iho loiiHt for lliolr hup-
port, That would 1m> altered under
a trnile federation. Tin* federation
would not niter the form of government and ilie control of the funda
of tlio HlatcH. but would deal with all
In'tei'Miiito iiinttern. Tin* federation
.would cowl only Ih. a year iiiiIohh a
levy worn required. TIiIh hIiIIIIiiK
uoulil hriiiu in xiirli " flKbttng fund
Unit the Millions would bo able not only
lo demand but tn compel, Then Iho
miners would get wlmt tliey wanted.
A member: If there was a Htrlko ut
Cobar could the federation mnko n
Jovy on Victoria)! miners?   Mr. Llttlo:
ll;i>,  (Hill W.ih lilt) UDJi.i I ui iliu .Ivtivm-
ikii, lu ufly if U!.u'.b<r /jur.-lon,
Mr. Little «nld that be Ihmwlit thai
there werf» better prospects of a federation now than there were y^inrn ago
when a federation failed.    In regpond-
i ».«    .      ,...,, ii,
said that the federation would rauso
tho sharklw of tho workers to fall
off llko ropes of sand.
Electric Restorer for Men
PhOftDhono! »«»««• sv«y nm« la ih« body
im, uu4 vlUiUy, ruautai«iift»Y mul »Ut*»utl
wttkncfJ ivcrled tl cnc«, rhonphoanl will
mtkaytw tnewmin. t'rktJIUt>n«.<>rt<ri (m
II M»i1*.|tMn»«,Hr»«« Tbaa^VwUnrtV
Co* St. CMli*rt»M, Oak
for 8*1* at BltssdsU's Drug Store
'*
L ■W,
■ v- -'Isj
rnns:,
$& Maria £tb$tr
....... *.. "',.. -<,- ■. ■ -    ,   -"*■'' -*■"
Published every Saturday, morning.at its office,
Pellat ;Avemief Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District.: ;Ad-
rertising rates on application^ Up-to-date^ facilities
for .the execution, of. all blonds of book^ job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications,to The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.'
Telephone No! 48. ,. Postoffice Box No. 380
DROPS OF WATER WEAR AWAY THE
■\     HARDEST   STONE
nnHE onward march of the great army of work-
A ers of the world over must give every think
ing person material for contemplation, even those
who have heretofore regarded the proletariat as
„ an association of "dull insensate hinds," of mere
cogs in the industrial mechanism, are constantly
compelled to acknowledge that there is a vast transformation in progress, but in the transition through
the crucible of daily life the torture of mind, the
distress of body as pourtrayed in the press are and
will continue to be for some lime to come exceed
ingly intense. - ' ■,
To educate the masses by pointing out the cause
of their misery, and showing them the remedy is
or.u thnt they andjhey, alone1 cm: adopt may appear
slow of effectiveness to those whose knowledge of
, history is limited lo tlie chronicles taught in school
largely consisting of the doings of kings and queens
of somewhat doubtful character, but-viewed in the
light of, a closer, analysis of .the path traveled by
• the workers for many generations one cannot help
- but feel a thrill of optimism" at tlie marvellous
strides that are evident oiv all sides.     Yes, there
will be mistakes made, but the general trend'is
Onward, despite the obstacles; regardless of the
pitfalls that beset the 'wayfarer oh life's journey.
Those fervid souls' who* are tired of the apathy
shown by the .working class must contain themselves or that which they ardently desire may be
, thwarted, or at least retarded, bj7the-undue haste
their zeal impels and reaction rather than advancement ensue.  '   ■•' '7
* "We do not mean to suggest that there should
be any "let-up" to effort, on the-contrary,'with
Longfellow let us say-— 7       • -
. -    "Let us then' be up and doing,,. 7 '
,    '     With- a heart for any fate,   '    '      '
Still achieving," still pursuing   .  :,
"»       Learu to. labor and to wait." 7
To some of those ardent spirits who are' prone to
lose patience at.the duUness of Jnt'ellect displayed
by those whom'they endeavor' to- convince, we
y ould .urge that" they, take a look' back' at their own
Turkey has dominated Tripoli for 300 years,; but
as the Mussulman doesnot'display-the"same amount
of commercial activity as the Christian nations, the
development of Tripoli has been correspondingly
slow, in fact, about the only portion that has been
.exploited is along the coastal line/while the hinterland,' of-'a character very Similar t^tSe'Sahara, is
nevertheless thought,to--be^equaliy ,'as subject; to
development as Egypt, if .brought1under the same
methods, i.e., irrigation.       ..... ° ■       \.
; France has Tunis bn the.one side of the Tripoli,
and Great Britain Egypt on the other," and. as
Italy has considerable .capital invested, and like:
wise a number of her citizens have taken up their
abode there, she is very, anxious to obtain a foothold
so as to find a place to which her.subjects-can im7
migrate and be in far closer touch-, with the mother
country than is the> case with those who settle on
this continent orgo to the Argentine.      '   y
Naturally both Great Britain and Prance prefer
to have a nation between their respective possessions that ..will act rather as a buffer block than
as a menace, which Germany would be, because of
her relative equality of strength, whereas Italy beting weaker than either of those already in that portion of the world, is helpful to both instead of a
source of possible complication's.
This scrap may be likened to a fight between two
dogs for a bone, with tlie lesser ono in possession of
the bone, but tho other one being hungry is not
going to allow any foolish sentimentality from do
ing the best to wrest it (a way. '
, Thoy who do the fighting will bo rewarded by a
cheap meal if they survive with probably a wooden
leg or a mutilated arm as a memento of their experience while tlie side which "obtains the victory
will sec"to„it that they for whom governments primarily exist are given carte blanche to exploit the
workers in strict accordance with the code of capitalism -
"MB^imy&isi?
'.J^^Wct Ledger accepts no respond-.
mllty for the views expressed by Its cones--<
♦u      Communications will bo inserted
pond
, V .I. ^wmmuiui-^nuiiB W"» no insortea
whether signed by tbo real name of the
writer or a nom de plume; but tho writer's
name, and addressMnustba given to. the
W'toriW evidence of good faiflu' In'
will it be divulged without consent.
i no caso
FOOD FOR THOUGHT FOR THE MINER
: ^inental-eoudition-oisay"teri"o"r"e"ven'less_yearsTag^)
when if they will admit,the fact, must perforce coi,-
'.'ess that they >vere.pkhaps^/duller, than j the oic
they are -condemning1 because of ", failure vtp see
eye to aye with them.  ,';,.'.' ..0\   ■■■'     . 7
"With the individual. who will argue there    is
always proof that he is thinking, and although some
of, the opinions expressed may seem absurd'-and
illogical, they should be treated with tolerance and
not as is too often the case, with abuse.   'But he
who is.so timid and fearful of being convinced
that he avoids discussion will only undergo a mental change through the force of circumstances, as
for example, the loss of a position that he has regarded as his permanently, when, like the rat in
a corner he will then display a-tendency to,combat
heretofore an unknown quantity in his make-up.
, Thoro is hope for every man and woman who will
do his or her own thinking, even though it may be
on1 incorrect lines, therefore those that have grasped tlie key to tho ills that surround'us should see
caiiso for rejoicing and not despair if their labors
at proselytizing seem void of purpose, because a
thought thrown into tho maelstrom of humanity
like a pebble cast into the sea, never becomes'in-
active, even though tho thrower cannot see tlio outcome of his deed.
TN 1850 the per capita production of coal was a
7 - little, over -% of a ton.-. -      •-■ <■:}
In 1870, it was about one ton per capita".    '■ '
In 1890 it had increased to 2% tons for each mail.'
, In 1910 it was nearly 5,y2 tons for each person.
Thus we see in 60.years the increased productivity is 22 times as great, but inthis, space of time
have wages increased proportionately?'
In 40 years it is 5y2 times as great—has there
been a corresponding increase,.in wages and in the
last 20 years it has been over, twice as' much per
capita.   •." *• -': .'*'''
i, The rapid increase of tonnage produced for each
person employed, the elimination of waste and resultant economisation of energy effected, ."the marvellous development of electricity as .a motive power
in lieu of steam generated from coal as a,fuel and
the steadily-increasing/employment of oil as, fuel
are all, subjects for serioiis thought to the men en-'
"ga'ged in,digging coal, and as this same productivity of the.unit is applicableJn a greater.pv lesser
degree to every other industry Tin the commercial
Afrorld tbday^ffie'problemlto be solved is What, has
the future in store for the working class ? ■
'    -     Bellevue; Alts.', Oct. 2, 1911
To the-Editor, 'District Ledger:    ' '.
Banr  Sir,--Would  ask  permission^
to use a s'raall.amount of Bpaie'iri^Tlie
Lodger to voice, my .opinions1 on sub:
jects of current Interest; provided that
you deem them worthy of escaping the
graveyard of scribblers, viz:, tlfe yawri-
ing -waste paper,basket.'. . The zephyr
like ululaUons of\ the gab-fest artists
have'eeased resulting la the temporary
closing.of the.opportunities to the 15
year "occupants of the political wUd
laclory and now the rascals !are out
and the rogues are In,' therefore let us
cry Hip' lllp Hooray! but while drttig
so the wage slaves, who are responsible
for the change should ask therasotves
the question, By changing masters do
we affect tho mastership?    To which
very likely tho majority might reply:
The Conservative whip ls not quite so
heavy as the Liberal lash.    Yet I do
not hesitate to remark that time will
show them the error, of their wayB.
Ho "who  thinks, tho burden ".will be
'.lighter for our class has not only one
but several more thinks coming, and
perhaps before   the   last one   penetrates his idea-attic light may, dawn
upon him and he will realize that there
Is no escape under this system.     -
Could our forefathers, wearied with
the daily toll on account of the crude
tools  they  were  compelled  to - use,
have seen a vision of the present day
gigantic machines of production, the
leviathan carriers -of   transportation
both on sea and rail, doubtless' they
would   have  reached   the   conclusion
that the great mass of humanity would
be living a veritable Paradise because
of the decreased labor energy required,
and they would have'said now   that
yori have solved the difficulties,^? production ,-arid distribution surely there
are np such things as starving"women,
ill-clad and poorly nourished children,
and men grown desperate because, of
inability to obtain access to the necessaries of life, and yet what do we
find?     The store, of good things" is
filled to repletion'but the key to the
store—the vote—is'handed over with
constant regularity to the masters.
Many of those that are responsible
for this delivery will talk about: what
a shame it-is ,that we do not get" better
food, better clothing and better.houses; fairer conditions of labor and,-less
hours of worft, but" to this I reply^that
tie who holds, the means of changing
conditions.'in his;'o,wn--grasp and-then
not only hands it over, to the other
chap,'-but veils.his head.off while-doing-it has,not;the slightest excuse to
"offeyfor'fiis,conduct,,and instead of
of the organizatlon^to^go^oJ-Graad
Lake and take *riote7of 7aU,th9 care
going and coming from ;tho mines so
as tote able to estimate the amount
that was being mined arid now this
same man Is trying to: bring 'about
the'defeat of '.those" that are' fighting
for his tepeflt asj^eif as llhelr own.
He-cannot "Offer -the axcSffeVtiiat he
does not thoroughly understand what
he Is doing because'his Experience, is
such • as to prevent .that, possibility. I
well remember when.in:N.. s! that-Kd.'
was ordered to leave, his house arid
not'to'put foot In it. again,', and the
oiiily way that he"cduld-avoid this
extremity was by having his'son as^
sumlng charge, and. payingJthe - rent
When he wanted to -see his family he
had. to wait" around until dark and
watch his'chance to get into the. house
unobserved, because '. If, f caught he
would have been prosecuted by the
Company. Now/ Mr. Editor, this "is
only a very brief sketch of the doings
of Mr. Ed. Sutherland in Nova "Scotia,
but it does certainly seem too bad "that
ono who has gone-through,what he
has done In the East should come out
West and play such a mean part
Thanking you  for  the space  arid
wishing the men throughout District
IS all success In the struggle. -
h am, yours very truly, ''
ONLOOKER.
Michel, B. C, Oct. 3rd, 1911.
The Editor, District Ledger:
Dear Sir.—Noticing a communication which appeared In the last Issue
of the' District Ledger with reference
to the .'"casualties at Corbin, I beg
leave to add to the list of "generous
workers" at. that dump. There are
two "specimens" at Corbin who left
Michel a few weeks ago, and it seems
that' they, have, work at the Corbln
Mines. '  .       ..
About two years ago one'of .them
pretended' to ,be a great union man
and consequently'entered on a campaign , for International' Board Member,
but fortunately he was referred to H.P.
at that time. The names which were
left out of the.Corbin list are:
SAMUEL RICHARDS, Scab" herder,
,   Welshman;
JAMES SHARP, Scab herder, Scotch
,   man. •     -, - •'
„ -JOHN LINTON, "generous'worker,"
..  ^Scotchman    (better'known    as.
, ;,..."Jock," a footballer,, formerly in
.    Coal Creek).   7 •
There,,are ;many  inquiries  'being
made oyer one of the "generous work-
erft." ?.* Qorbin by the name of Thomas
Brace.v :,I,wish to,state that there is
QFlCOMMERtE
"-    "     '   '■— '      i£?v ■','■'. i';,   "'"
t^rrAL*^;$tb,^
REST; y $8,(300,006
« ^S^XS^?*QB.EI.GiH £6UN*RIEsi
Austral* .   - Egypt      iSST-   --•-      -K»fc   *-- b2j  *T**
*b33P■■•■'*-"'•■■SSL:' "' --V**---'!       tmtbmtaMMjm,&S^uryTamm
.•■•aK"'i--'*'fifc^f^^^-'<^.K^'*&A'--:---.-
receive toe actual amount intended, •-.-;■ - ^ ~'.        . ^^Si '
FERNIE  BRANCH     -*.,-/  -.     .'   ,    . -.'"-.   , "A *'^ ^ ,^77 '-'■ '<■—    ;
-  ■■  -x.       .   '      --.-       ', '  - L., A. a. DACK,. Manager.
| STOVES! STOVES!
7 Airtights,; Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners",
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
" '{]
(Continued on page 5).
THE MOVING PICTURE MACHINE
TRIPOLI-tfURKEY-TURMOIL
npinu question mny bo risked why hns ' Italy
thrown down the gnmitlot nnd doolnvod wiir
upon Turkey? Tin's jfl qui(Q cnsily nnsw'orcd by
replying that her object is attrlbulnblo lo tho snmo
emiHo on prnmpiintcd hostililios bnhveon tho north-
orn hihI llio Huiitliurn slnlos of Amerjen, tlio South
Africnn wnr, Iho RpnnIhIi-Ainpriu'nn conflict, in fnol
ovory wnr for iho Inst
roilNOHN.
10!
«i> youi'H, viz., economit!
'■pHE moving picture machine asan educative fac-
* tor is one of untold possibilities.'. At the pre-
.sent ,time,it isc-.priucipally recreative, incidentally
only educative, but"with the ever growing tendency
to adopt the most up-to-date methods of imparting
knowledge, a moving picture machine will be conT
sidered.a few years hence/an" indispensable piece
of scholastic furniture., n ...
For example, instead of the old way of studying
geography by memorising the names of countries,
giving' their capitals and chief industries, life-like
pnnoraini'c views will.be thrown upon tho canvas
so that the pupil may be said to be transported right
into the land that he'wishes to learn about, thus
effecting a saying of mental energy that can be
used for acquiring knowledge of othor subjects.-
Then again, nature studies can bo greatly simplified and more thoroughly appreciated by tlio stu-
donts through this samo medium, in fact,, as an
instrument in tho hands of school teachers for imparting knoweldgc it can be of incalculable good'.
Thoso. who havo road Bellamy's novel "Look
Backward" will recall tho description of a nows
bureau ns a modium of the recital of daily events
tho telephone being tho conveyor.' To-day wo havo
Iho very scones enacted before ourgazo by tho
GnzoltcR of iho different film companies, and do
not mnrvol nt ii, although a few years ago such nn
incident wouh
(Iron in."
havo boon treated   as   nn   'idle
8TRWEBREAKER8 MUST 8IQN
IRONCLAD CONTRACT
The IlllnnlH Central rnllrond |g Insisting thnt men who ontor Mr employ n«
elorkH to tnko tlio plucoa of tho men
who hnvo Btruck nt Memphis, Tonn.,
nnd oilier polntn. must remain In the
oervlce of iho ronrt for thirty clnyB, un-
lenB (lldnlinrged, before thoy win rocolvo
nny pny for tholr work.
Tlvl» condition Ih mndo In tho contractu which niv» Tir*»M*tc,i (n- M..n-r>
brenkorH to alien nt the branch which
tho Thle) Untectlvo nwnny hn« oginli-
llstied nt Ii;i7 Wnhnflh nvonuo. The de-
teeth o iiK«in;y has a branch offlco nt
m State Htrect.
Abriiit fen men nnt r>t nvnw firiy ,«^
pllcn»its nre all that the road ban been
able to employ ns clerks, Theso men
nro for tho most part Incompetent.
They arw questioned ns to their experience nnd nblllty by I, N. llnxtor,
Benernl superintendent of the rond, and
K, Ij. lkilcomb, chief clerk at tho III),
nols Central Kweral offices nt Twelfth
Htreet. j
Tho contract which the strike break-<
ers nro requlrod lo Blgn, nftor a history of tho nppllcmit's rnllrond exporl-
nice Iihh been kIvoii, rends In roRnnl to
torniB of employment n» follows:    -
"I hereby mnlte nppllcntlon for employment ns n Freight Cleric with tlio
Illinois Central n. II., nnd ngroo thnt
If given such employment I will accept
lhe Bnrno upon tho following terms:
"1 nm to go to nny point designated
by tho company,
"I nm to tnko tho place of nny former
emplovo of the enmnnnv who to nn
alrlko, or has consod to work for nnv
leitson.
"1 nm to bo govornod In all rcspocts
by iho companys rulos.'
"I nm to receive the snmo rate of
1lfit*    *\*i    fn AM'    'r1*v, '     * ■
yUw^fctj.*,    Ok
which I mny bo nsslgnod.
"As n condition to rooolvlng nny war-
es I ngreo to contlnuo nt lenst thirty
dnys In such employment unless sooner
discharged by tho compnny, nnd no
wnges nro to br» paynbM to mo If T
voluntarily loavo my «mployment with.
In thnt period. Thn compntiy nhnJI
hnvo tho right at nny time that It may
so desire to ond my employment by
giving mo notico to that effect.
"So Roon nn such notico Is glvon, my
employment nnd pny shnll Immediately
conso. If my employment shnll be end-
'•d by tho compnny for nny ronson othor
I ban my failure to perform my work to
Us sntlsfnctlon, I shnll bo entitled to
receive pny up to tho tlmo of my dls-
chnrgtt
"Applicant's Stgnnttiro	
"Applicant employed noon tonus
"  Kmployment Aw<nt,
" Wltnoss
nbovo ret. forth.
"Dnto 1011."
Tho nvorngo wngo of nn Illinois Central clerk Is between f40  nnd , $7G   n
offered higher pny, but the contract
shows that thoy will rocolvo only the
snmo pny as tho men whoso places thoy
tnko.
1MXIDRRMV—Far first-class taxidermy work, mounting anything from a
finnlce to an d<sphaut, call or write, C.
itoeco, P,,0. Box fl, West Fernio   ■
Im.-n.p.
crying out yShame'lV.^hpuld, make up
his mind that^lnsteaa;^' sjiueallng he
will determineYq aid .in^.upsettlng the
capitalist ^sfem/^trie'e^us^pf all tbe
skinning that the'.workers 'complain
about.      • . 7
At election; time'their mouthpieces
come around and. tell, their listeners
about the "Glorious' p/psperity" that
this- country' is' enjoying, -but let me
ask„you workers; how'much "'prosperity':, have you to show; how many
of you are satisfied with.'your lots? A
few.glasses of beer that you received
for nothing (?) from tho,old party barrel is certainly very powerful around
election .time and equally as rare to
be found when tho froth of the speech-
es as well as th© froth of the beer are
no longer needed,
Socialists have been charged with
accepting a bribe from the Liberal candidate In-tho Macieod Riding but that
statement is positively untrue, because
we never received a cent from either
tho Liberals or'the Conservatives for
tho campaign funds, which all enmo
from tho pockets of the members of
tho working class living In tho different townB along tho qrow's Nest Pass.
,. When you, who voted tho old party
ticket, get a taste of Love(!) that the
.upholders of tho present system hand
out to you just console yourself with
this thought: This Is th© reward
got for tho "dope" both liquid and
frolhy (appllcablo to both boor and
talk) that I got for nothing (?) Uur-
dig tho election.
Kick,' grouch, squirm, wriggle nnd
squeal an yon like, but so long ab
you contlnuo to vote tho samo old way
you aro only renplng tho seed you havo
sown with your own 'hands, so blnmo
nobody but, your own stupid act In
thus signing your own slavo contlnu-
Ing wnrrnnt, "
Study your'own IntoroBts. If you
want booze buy It, iib tho price you pny
for It nt election tlmo Is nltogother
too donr; but bettor still, spend tho
half thnt you Hpond In liquor fp.r books
and by so doing you Improve your
thinking capacity oven though decrons.
Ing your drinking capacity.'
Hoping (hut Romo   of   my   follow
workers will bo nbln to find a few
grains for thorn to pock at In what I
hnvo mild, I'll now sign myself, '
Yours truly,   :
UijVkilitilih
COMMUNICATED
Taber, Alta,
To the Kdltor, HlBtrlct Ledger:
Dear Sir,—In n recent ennv nf vnur
pnpor I rem, tlio account from Hollo-
vuo reanrdlng tho action of certain
men who nro working In spite of tho
oxlstenco of n strike nnd must confess
thnt I was grontly astonished to not©
nmong tho names that Ed. Sutherland
aa this party wns nt ono tlmo orgnnlr^r
for tho U. M. W. of A., taking a very
W'omIuohi. port during the Nova HcoUla
strike. At the commencement of this
fight ho was Instructed by tho officials
«F YOU WANT TH E BEST
And, Nothing: but the Best in Fresh
and Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.   Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
Shoemaker
(general Repairer!
'••'• 'New. Work'
warranted
.Carosella's Store;
CE.LYONS
.Real Estate
and Loans
i - . .i
„■<>'.
t0^Ldan-o^
ness and ^Residential ^>p^rty
Waldorf \ The Comfort Route East
Hotel
Mrs, S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold Water     '
Electrlo Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room,
8ample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
ft
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
Tha finest of Wlnee, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine elerkt.
Northern
iittiii wfibV
Close conoctlons with tho main line trnlns.  Longor. higher, wider
Berths, Individual berth and seat lights In  slwpers  and conches
Vnciim denned Iffloctric ll»»>it/>rt «»i ♦««„   »_.,..     ,,     . ,
from pilot to tall lights.
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 P, 6, Box 305
t
Ledger Ads Bring Results IBB
PAGE   FIVE
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H1LLCRE8T
, • Is Hlilcrest(StUl'on'-.the map? -Well,
now; I should' hasten .to renjark-.that
not only is.it, but that.itB inhabitants
are about as lively a bunch of bipeds
. as you'll find'any where; but not having
seen any "mention'of the goings and
doings of our citizens mentioned in the
columns of.the Ledger.,and naturally
assuming that the "former correspondent ls either dead or married, hence
unable to attend to the duties of bis
office as scribe, I have taken It upon
. myself - tb act ln that capacity, al-
. though I do tot know Just how long
'the spasm will last, as once In a while
being afflicted with   the   wanderlust,
nothing can cure my itching feet but &
long stroll off Into the land of not-been
there before.    However, here goes for
the exhibition to the world at large of
the contents of my new sack.
Mrs. Cunningham and -Miss Kell were
" the hostesses of a most enjoyable dance
In the Union Half on .Monday night
arid are entitled to, and did receive,-the
hearty congratulations of all the participants.     •     o    '
. <>We regret to announce "that Mr.
Edwin- Clougb, of the staff of the'Hill-
crest Hotel, met with Vvery painful ac-
, cldent while on his way to Blairmore
to^ hire musicians.'   He was sprinting
• and, unfortunately, put both ankles, out
' of commission.    Nah! Nah.Teddy, tlm
knows owd chap at ,noa, good .comes
- froo'runnfn after t'falr sex, an' brok-
ken doors and brokken ankles are not
• what-they'n"'crackt"'up"t6 be.l " \ .
.„   One of our-pioneer citizens, the Rt.
Hon. John Edmondson, probably more
commonly known" by. his pleblan cognomen ef "Kntckey Knack," has- developed Into a mighty Nimrod, and his
recent exploit' of bringing into \town
two of Elisha's guardians (big ones,
too),1 has so affected some,of the more
- unfortunate ones that they are hinting
at the existence of a bear ranch being
cached-away.somewhere in the hills, as
"the doughty disciple of Beer Stocking
secures his,' quarry with such ease. Tell
us, Nicky, ion the dead, what kind of
, salt do you put on, their talis or do
you hypnotize5'them by,,singing,, as
Shakespeare says that "music "hath
charms to 'soothe the savage beast/.'
"" therefore0, maybe, you use a mouth or-
•:C,
able to,make the life of the scab.a
happy and "contented one, he.may bask
In the personal,sunshine of a mean
wage-reducing employer, but even that
rayvof comfort is of little consequence
to.,the scab, "once his", usefulness as a
willing tool is over; "for the .scab employer lsf minus either heart or, feeling
and will speedily dump the outcast, giving, neither heed nor succor to the
wantB of the scab!' To-be a scab
means to be unclean' with every honest
worker's scorn piled like the.lash, leaving unseen scars that no.power on
earth can obliterate. The scab and
the quitter make a team that manhood,
bo it clothed in'black or white skin,
despises and detests. Humanity seeks
to alleviate the sufferings of the afflicted; men and women stake their lives
to aid tbe leper and the plague or fever
victims, but no human being has ever
been known to make any tangible'sacrifice for the life or safety of the unclean vulture-^the scab I—Mixer and
Server.   7
 : a.
♦ ,'   -' CORBIN NOTES   '/
.♦..'.     ,. By Warbler
♦        COAL CREEK  BY. 174
«►"♦ ♦ <► ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦
■ The, District, School Inspector paid
an informal visit up here last Saturday
morning, and looked over the schools
along with the secretary and trustees.
This is the first time in about five
years that the'^ school inspector has
visited up here.    ,
s Quite a. large number of Creekites
went, to..Pernle„on Monday to attend
the special meeting of the Gladstone
Local Union.
.The eleventh supply of provisions,
etc. has been distributed up here this
week.
Jos. Knowles left here last week
and is now rusticating at the' coast.
Ben Barnes and J. ,T\- Mawson are
now both working, at Merrltt, Nicola
Valley, where they have secured positions as shotllghters. «
' DougalAshworth left here last Satur
day to take ln a little lively scenes of
the city.
JohnDooley was acquitted last Saturday on the charge-of b.eing one of
the party that broke "Into the club
up here last,Thursday week morning.
The brothers Drew were committed for
trial,at the.assizes,.which'takes place
on'the 10th of October.'
A seizure, of goods and chattels has
... <        *>
taken place In some oMheJiouB.efl_up
. John Twigg, who-was acting Secretary of Corbln Local Union during-the
absence for the past few:;months-of
Dick Jones, has gone to Cowley, Alta.
carrying with him the best wishes of
all Union 4 men that success may be
ws.;      "       y  '. ' *'■'-''
-William Harmlson;' 'Esq., -Deputy
Game and Fire Warden, 'with headquarters at Corbln,()has departed for
the, Flathead country on" a hunting
expedition; He brought a fine bear
ln recently as a tribute to his abilities
as a big,game collector.
Practise a little more with,the billiard cue, Jack, and leave engines
alone. ,        y. ' , •   .   ■
Word has reached *us that George
Lucks is bound hitherward ln search
of game, and we can assure him that
the "dears" are quite plentiful in this
neck of the woods.       .. ' • ■     '
Sam Richards and wife'are paying
a "visit to their Fernie friends this
week; 7       *        - •   »'.
- The; office staff of the Corbin Coal
and Coke Co. are quite busy this week
making but the notices to the union
men that are not' engaged at their
usual 'occupation, - and would suggest
that they- supply areoplane so that the
rebels"-might then get'off the earth.
Call at the house on the hill and be
furnished-with a.sufficient quantity of
canned music to last you for' a while.
Music .;with meals or while you wait.
What Is wrong with the hot-air,
Jim? Are you getting short-winded as
the atmosphere seems,,to,be getting
purer recently. •  • ,    -  .
' One of the conundrums that is puzzling, many, Is:..Why, did not the beer
turn the trick at,, the last election or
when does Black look,,White?
The night prowler is' kept busy now
that the; days have, shortened.	
We are expecting, a visit from Professor McGlnty shortly, when -he- will
deliver his famous lecture "Corbln, or
keep off? the grass.''
There is a photographer. In, the camp
and if ho'has a camera that would with
stand,rthe. shock a, group plcture_oj_
DEATH ROLL
KEEPING UP
Bigger Coal Production
Means More Sacrifice
of Wage Slaves
P. Hill, the former laird o' th
locality, was a visitor, in duf, midst .recently, and expressed himself'»b highly
pleased with the progress'-that-*'has
■ been effected,, but regretted "to note
that the elms and "maples he'planted
on the principal boulevards had disappeared.       . '
Mr. CharleB Schroeder went home
, tbis week, but before he left a gymnasium, class was instituted nnd left   In
., charge ot his most capable' pupil,' Av.
J, Qulnlan,  ,' „
,Carl Theodorovltch (Big Karl), International Organizer and Interpreter, accompanied by our own John 0., were
among the boys this week. What's
, the reason you'don't stay with us long.
■or, Jack? Perhaps there lo a fairer
attraction outBldo. , Who knows?
Enclosed ls an extract that I think
would be fit for republication, although
I am glad to state that we have none
of tho. despised breed ln this camp, and
we hope thnt the day Is not far distant when they will bo extinct the
world over.     , ',''   „
8tand Up, You 8trlke-Breaker«ls 8tand
Up and Tell Us Something. —8oab
Denounced by a Murderer
During a visit of a numbor of strangers to tho Ohio penitentiary at Columbus/ tho guide brought tbo visitors to
want ls generally known as Murderers'
How, a section where prisoners condom
noil to tlio for their crimes aro somo-
wiint Isolated from tho othor Inmntes
While engaged In listening to the guide
wjclto tlio names nnd crlmos for whloh
jhoBo mon wero   incarcerated,   thoy
woro nstonlshed to hear ono of thorn
tJrn loose a vorlml volley of blasphemy ngnlnst a prisoner, who seemingly
war engngod In tho task of cleaning
un around tho corridor,    Immodlntely
a guard hove In sight nnd Inquired
mm tho unruly prisoner, "Whnt'H the
mjttor with you?'
Nie prisoner with a rapidity uno*
pe tod, replied:
I nm a convicted murderer, but I
dol't want a scab lo think ho Is good
en ugh to talk to mo;    what I did was
don by a mnn In anger, but thnt don't
put mo on such a low level, nor havo
I sink so deep no to bo willing oven
tholgh confined horo, lo havo a ration
seal attempt Jo commlsornto or com-
r.v.'.i.,,„'.._ >,','.'„   ,ui.—i.vcji   Wml   scab
awm, from tliln fdl, cr I irlll ao hlo
oterfyty with two lives lo nnswor for."
W|at a world of meaning there Is In
this tie, a man convicted of killing an*
othonyot who despised ono Incarcerated rrf 1 ™»y -.-!.-.::■  r.-Ls ImI wvtu
gullty'of taking a striker's place,  On
the-oto of leaving tho world almost
4     refldyloineet hit God, yot Indignantly
repellng tho attempted Intlmscy of a
fellowWho, by his acts, brandod him*
self sab,    What must have been tho
leellnja of tbo scab at that moment,
with tfy «ye« of froo men and wom*>n
wltpcsito his repulsion by a condemn-
edmujlerer to bo regarded at even
btnwilj tb« nolle* of • killer.
All if* mnsblno In the world It un-
..     \\   -
iere;for back rent, due'the C..N. P. C
C., but nothing of a very serious nature, has ocourred-.from this; source up
to'time'of writing.       ,;,
•"■Mrs: J. Tyson,1 accompanied by her,
family; left' here'this week to,Join her.
husbandywho has' secured work on
Vancouver Island.
■ Born, at Coal Creek on Tue'sdaiy,-'tho
3rd of October, to Mr and Mrs. Abhor
Horrocks, a fine daughter.
Oh Thursday, Oct. Bth, to Mr and
Mrs^ Wm.''Corlett, a fine daughter; All
doing well in spit© of six months
strike.  , •
Miss Rose Simons arrived here last
Friday from Standlsh,, Lancashire,
England, nnd was to have been married , on the Saturday afternoon, but
owing to a llttlo mistake about ■ the
license the happy event had to bo
postponed till the Monday afternoon,
when. Mr. Bert Bontham and Miss
SimonB were united ln tho holy bonds
of matrimony. The Rev. Mr. Dim-
mlck, of Fernie, tying tho nuptial
knot. A, very happy tlmo was spent In
tho evening In tbo homo which Bert
had all ready for his bride by a large
number of frlonds and neighbors. The
usual tin can band was ln attendance
nnd kept up their discord until the
pay dirt appearod.
' Bob Strachan camo In from Fort
Steele last week-end for a visit and
reported things booming In tho Bull
River district.
Sovornl people got vory badly scared up hero on Thursday morning when
tho mlno   whtstlo   stnrted   blowing
nbout 6.R0 a. m.     It   Is   giving Its J
screech nt the usual tlmo now.
Mr. A. Woods returned from tho
prntrlo last Friday, whoro ho hns been
putting ln his tlmo on his homestead,
Ho roportB somo of tho crops bndly
dnmngod by hall and frost.
Our well-known profossor went to
Fernio on dny last week nnd seolng
n bicycle stnmllng outnldo n building
ho took possession of It for a short
whllo nnd wns soon npnedlng nway
at about tho tlmo limit when something went wrong with tho wheels
nnd the professor same to tho ground
with the result that a llttlo of tho
skin and hair was pushed off his
phystogomy, However, ho Is now willing to rnco nny old country plug with
nny bicycle thoy possess (or can borrow.    "Mack," out of tho store pro-
A Inrrc number ot tlie r.rmr. or nnnnj'
Italy stnrted work this week grading
a road down to the Tlpplo from ono
of tho prospects known ns First Ka*t.
James Langdon   and   Wm.   Marsh
Those who are working here would com
mand a ready sale throughout tho Pass
and be the- mean's ef, niakliig a" good
commlsBtqn|'for^.hujsjtlhi^8^n^^x?R;
"Jock Linton, the-one, time footballer
at Coal Creek and Michel,' after an
unsuccessful attempt to secure work
for which he was aiways so Very fond,
applied to a friend to aid him In his
"laudable" desire to do a little light
labor. As the Michel correspondent
remarked in his notes "Dirt Is cheap
In Corbin."       ■
Dick JoneB has returned Improved
in health and once again assumes tho
duties of his,off Ice as secretary of tho
Local. . ■'     ."
Target shooting may be all right,,
but It Is,not what It ls cracked up to
be, when a specimen of the bruin family Is In question.. Try again Jim. ■
' Tom Brace shot a door in Canyon
Creek Vnlley,' but tho "blnraed thing
dropped Into a deep gully", so ho could
not get It.    This may Beem feasible
* WASHINGTON.—Death and Injury
resulting In'the main from lack of adequate safeguards to life and limb, kept
pace ln the last year with a heavy Increase in the production of coal in
Pennsylvania. • "According to N. E. Par
ker of' the United States Geological
Survey, Pennsylvania's coal production
in 191,0 was-235,006,762 short tons, valued at ?313,304,812. Of this 84,485,236
short tons was anthracite, valued at
$160,275,302; and 150,521,526 short tons
was bituminous coal, valued at ?153,-
028,510. '      .7     ■
■ The Pennsylvania Department of
Mines places tho total of deaths in
the anthracite and bituminous mines
at 1,140 and the total of "non-fatal
casualties at 2,192."
Compared 1 with 1909, when v the
total production of the State amounted to 219,037,150 short" tons, valued at
$279',266|824, the production, in 1910
shows an increase of 15,969,612 short
tons, or 7 per cent, in, quantity, and
of ?34,037,988,'or 12.2 per cent In
value. Of the total increase 3,314,877
short tons -was in the production of
anthracite-and 12,554,735 short' ton's
in the production of bituminous coal. '
The value of * the anthracite produc
tion showed an Increase of $11,093,713,
7.4 per cent,-' and" that' of bituminous
coal Increased- $22,944,273, or 17.64''per
cent.*'"Although the quantity of bituminous coal produced exceeded that of
anthracite, by nearly 80 per cent, the
value-of the "anthracite product was
larger than" that of the bituminous but
put by nearly-$7,250,000.- '•' "''7"
', The Geological Bureau'eredits Pennsylvania with' the. production of 'one-
fifth of the world's supply of coal. In
"the cbmbine^"^ro"ductiod"bf anthracite
and..bituminous coal the Keystone
state' outranks any of'lthericoal producing countries ;-of   the forld "except
strike and of the regularly recurrent
difficulties every two years are the
loss'of markets through the invasion
of- coal from other States and the encouragement given-to large consumers
to substitute oil or natural gas for
fuel; to „. the, displacement of coal."
the"bureau /observes. '.'Many such
changes have already been made. Another . evil effect is the migration of
miners to other fields, and in Arkansas and the adjoining State of Oklahoma this is particularly serious."
There were 5,568 men employed in
the coal mines of Arkansas in 1910,
and. they averaged-128 .working days
each; there were 4,873 men on strike,
and the average time lost by each of
theso was 146 days. The total working time made by the 5,568 men was
713,704 days, and the total time lost
by the 4,873 men was 713,210 days.
t
Our Letter Box
(Continued from page, 4)
no relationship between the Thomas
Brace of Michel, fireboss, and the "generous worker',' Brace at Corbin.
' Thanking you for past favors,
I remain,. ,      '   •>
Yours truly, .,
TOM HARRIES.
i
Fernie Dairy
FRESH MILR
delivered to all
parts of the town
Sanders &, Verhaest  Brothers.
Proprietors
I
KING'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with  the best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
w: MILLS,
Prop
GrearSrltainand Germany, arid In. 1910
it came within 10,0000,06'p short'tons
or less than 5 per cent of equalling the
output*of Germany. Pennsylvania's
production in 1910 was more than four
times that' of Austria-Hungary ,ln 1909
and more than five times that of
France in 1910. From, 1829 to and Including, the first year of the present
century Pennsylvania contributed over
50 per cent of tho total coal production
of the United States and still produces
botweop, 45 and 50 per cent of the total
The lndustry.'pnrtlcularly In tho bituminous districts, has kept pace with
the manufacturing industries and has
increased ln considerably larger ratio
than tho population of the state and
of the United States as a whole.
1; 7 ,8trlkes In Arkansas Fields
'Strikes growing out ot Intolerable
conditions have begun to break down
to tho Inexperienced, but ridiculous to I the coal Industry In Arkansas.    Tho
others,
, Why aro tho outsiders complaining
about our coal? Is it not the best in
the Pass?    (For building purposes,)
Quito an excitement took place at
the depot last Saturday night, caused
by tho wild talk ot our well-known and
highly respected (ntt) citizen slurring
himself and his co-workers. Try, try
ngaln, Bob,
' Rvan William haB returned from his
Journey to tho hills bringing bnck two
fine bucks. Thero Ib a rumor that he
strained his rlflo In trying to Bhoot beyond Its rnngo, but wo' don't bollovo It,
nlinough, perhaps, the trigger pulled
Jiaril.
Ono of tho "heroes" met wllh nn nc-
cldent lust week, and now he hail tlmo
t<> reflect upon his hnnly deeds.
Harry Bridge, (ho ronl cstalo mnn
from Calgary, Natnl and Michel, hns
boon doing business hero during tho
week selling Albornt property.
ttflVfi TtCOTI   rtrni-n   ♦«  V'
week duck shooting.,
Corbln's New Motto
All yo that are not working
Pick up duds and get,
Don't neod you round hero lurking
As tho strike's not setllod yet.
Pax voblseum
Hoornyl Hooray I for prosperity ln
Corbln.    Here's a sample:
fMjvpllen  ,,..    JJ.M
Hospital      0.40
Wash-houso     2.00
WARNING    I
All eosl miners *r« uro*d ♦
•t»y t»w»y from Af&erta and ♦
British Columbia, a* th* ttrtk* ♦
Is Hill on, ♦
To bo placed In tM Hard Times
hun'ii ol KnjierlMiro fODD.000 for tho
purpose of proving how a man can
mako a fortune by thrift. Industry and
temperance,    Receipt furnished free.
80 qulot and peaceful nround here
that wo havo no guardians of the law
to look after u'a, dut If n report thnt
comes from n source wo, hnvo always
bureau reports upon this phaso of tho
situation ln tho Southwest in tho following language:
"Mining conditions In these States
(Arkansas and Oklahoma) are not so
attracllvo as In somo others, and
miners, onco leaving, seldom return.
Tho mining forco hns, therefore, to be
recruited from Inexperienced labor,
whloh Ib always unsatisfactory and, in
tho long run, oxpoiiBlvo. Tho conditions In this respect In Arkansas and
Oklahoma are much tho snmo."
Tlio conl mining Industry of Arlcnn-
sns, llko thnt of tlio other States of
tho Western Interior, region except
Town, was practically out .of busiest)
for six months in 1010, Tho coal
strike which hegnn on April 1 nffoctcd
nearly 00 por cent of nil tho coal mlno
employes In Arknnsiis, and tho totnl
tlmo lost, was within 1 por cent of tho
total tlmo mndo during Iho your, Tho
totnl working time nmountod to 713,791
days and tho tlmo lost wns 713,210
dnys,
ISfforts lo mnke provisions against
tho strike worn mado during January,
February and Mim-li, In all tho States
nffectod by It, tho operators being Inspired by a desire to occutnulsto stocks
of coal nnd the miners by tho-miners
by tho necessity (or Increasing their
^nrnlncs In enW to Hi!r» nv«r t|mj
♦mo I period 0f idleness. The strugalo wnsi
evidently to bo bitter and prolonged.!
nnd both tides nuule preparation for It. [
AHor operations were resumed
about October 1, every ton   of   conl
which It wn* rwRBtWc tn mltus ivitii •*>«
nxAllnblt* labor was minod. Tho activity before and after tho strike made
up for a part of tho loss In tonnage
during tho summer, so that Instead of
a decrease In production of 60 per
cent, proportionate to the   lots   In
.- -, Corbln, B. C; Oct. 3, 1911.
To the Editor, District Ledger:
Dear Sir,—In the last issue of The
Ledger"1 an unfortunate mistake mas
made, ln-the list of those who had
been expelled by this local because
of conduct not1 becoming a Union'man,
and would ask that you make-the necessary correction. •
The third name on the list," "John
Jones," should read "John (Jack)
Johnson, well known as Cprbin's beer
agent. . ,
John Jones Is a tried and i trusted
Union,man and faithful to the obligation that,he took, and we only regret
that there are not others in this' camp
more after his stamp, and then there
would.be no need to send any lists
out at all:       ■
Enclosed you will find a notice that
was sent to me through the mail, .but
as I am a single man and living with,a
private, family,;'perhaps—this was a
mistake, as I am- not a householder,
Hoping that you .will give this letter'
publielty_ihrough-the-co!umns-of'your
paper,.-. -.- '"   - -  - /
.-, . I am, 'yours1 very truly,
'7 .' , „ (Signed) RICHARD' JONES,
,... -,.-. 'ii<■. ! :•-:."■»*■- " '* • '"' 'Sec'y.'"''"
' Corbin,' B. C, September'30th, 1911.
■'■•■i- NOTICE ;'' y
As'there appears to be no likelihood'of an agreement to be made,
In the near future, between the West
ern Coal Operators* Association and
District No. 18, U. M. W. of A., this
company wishes to advise its former
employees, now residing in Corbin,
that, with the present rate of Increase In'Its underground employees,
all places will soon be filled, and rib
moro miners will be required ln the
Corbln Mine.
Also that all dwellings will be required for the housing of employees,
and persons. other than employees
will consequently bo required to vacate such dwellings as thoy now
occupy, to make room for employees.
However, we wIbIi to give our
former employees now residing ln
Corbln an opportunity to again bocomo employees, nnd contlnuo to occupy houses whoro thoy now llvo, so
wo advise all ouch as wish to secure
positions in tho mine, to muko application for such positions not later
thnn October 4th, 1011.
Any formoro employees who hnvo
not made such application In the
tlmo specified, will be considered as
not wishing to again work for this
company.
Corbln Conl nnd Coke Co,, Ltd.
Ily W, OIJ8 SMITH,
Hes, Superintendent,
Coleman
Hotel
W. H. Murr
Prop.
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazelwnod Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue   .
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman,
"ktck"kirk"kii k'irkirk'itirk^'kirkliieirirkii
SI
N G E R
E W I N G
MACHINE  CO
WM.     BARTON
Aarcnt   Fernie   Branch
Pella,tt   Ave.    Korth
**¥¥¥¥¥¥#¥¥*¥¥*¥¥¥«***¥¥¥¥
Ledger Ads Pay
Is a soldier to help you ln the
, battle .of  lite."   When  your
buildings are insured,
You Feel
Free
You know that wood and stone
may be destroyed; but a policy
in our company Is Indestructible. While the bouse Ib burn-'
ing tho policy changes into,
money.
M. Ai KASTNER
Insurance    Real Estate
Printer's Ink
When uied on good preuw and
neatly displayed type for your stationery ii valuable. We tave every
facility for doing the \ml ol job wojk,
and at a minimum pru c
nollevuo, Altn., Ont. -Ith, 1911
To tho Rdltor, District Lodger:
Denr Blr,—-l have boon Instructed by
(ho above Local lo iihIc you to publish
the following, nnd obllgo.
At the Inst regular meeting of Local
No. 431, Ilellovue, n resolution wns unanimously passed expelling ALflY
WATHO.V from tho organization, for
mi bblng In tho Hellevuo Mine.
Yours truly,
JAMKS 111JHKI),
Secretary.
BbIIsvuo Explosion Relief Fund
Tronic   fMD8.13
PlHhurflomentH   .'l.iri.'Jfl
IftS^'J.!
|0.ao
JAMI!S miKKK.
B«rr#t»ry
Tlio lnbor union lo Iho'school hi
>i.k..i.. .i,i,M,ri»i 01 um woMOiik (')iihs
are educated on questions nffwilriK
their wages, hours of lahor, shop con<
dltlonn, sanitary arrangements nnd
other matters of vital Importance. It
li a debating club, a workers' pnrlla-
Weber's
STORES
coublikuul reliable tV-e-s!) ls to bfljii.iUV.li,i short tons in ISioft 10 l.&oS,-
credited, this camp will shortly be ^8,0M ,n ,9,°'  rh9 "'A'1* <l«r*t»ed
honored with th* prwne* of on© of fr0m *****.»« «ft tt,»*W». a loss
th* "finest" »pcctmeu» of the Provln- of |5».1,»2S, or 1M4 por Mat.
clnl Police Constabulary. ;   "Tho most serious «ff«cU of this
.    - mwif, nnd frndu to rt hfi?h«r Mn^nt'on
tlrno, Wm output di-rrensed only 271,-Ln,j better understanding of the c<on-
199 short tons, or 19,* per f*nt. from']„m!r /,w*flon  of toittiy and of to-
mouok.    The l&hor union Is what the
memlwrihlp make it.
•N>t«»klty U atronger than human
i(*<Mr#."~-DJ<ynytltt*.
New Michel
& Blairmore $<'■•
*>K3r
-7y-^
y„
- ,.v
*V-.v
„  \±ift<^ijp ,
it
:iy$%i?$
^■t-.;^
#£-*&£
Xtf; 3«yB
'".-'.>'', -.-*v
a ■if.-:"-if- %£>:<; <■; ty. "-
J" ^ "X'^Wl "?>-A
.«--«£>&,•«■''.
I--.-*,^.'.:5!,..
PAGE. SIX
THE DISTRICT "LEDGER; PERMe^B; C., OCTOBER 7,c 1911.
.■,jft.rfi.'..V
k*kk*****ick*ick****AkkkkAkkk*tr*^ J
The Coal Mines in
5*^j^**JWt**¥+*¥*****^^
^^*W*¥^*+**********
By  T., Haga. , .   ■
It is not long since Jaflan awakened
' from her centuries ot slumber.     In
fact, since the usage of coal became
feasible scarcely 20 years have elapsed
Although, theoutput in 1889 was 880,'
000 tons, onlji in 1890 it was 2,620,000
■ tons; in 1900, it had increased to 7,470,-
000 tons;'and in 1910' it reached the
, enormous quantity of 15,540.000 toiis,
and' 555,500,000,7yen* in .value  (Maii-
churian output excepted).      Coal occupies the foremost position of all minerals in, Japan, representing 54  per
cent, of the total mineral production.
Also in exportation It leads tho others, standing at 2,820,000'tons, having
a value of 16,300,000 yen ($8,117,400).
: Tho different coal fields are as follows: 1 Kyushu coal fields; 2, Hokkaido coal fields; 3, Northeastern coal
fields; 4, Formosau- coal fields; 5,
Korean coal fields; G, Saghalleu conl
fields;  7. Manchurlan coal fields.
What is called Kyushu coal fields,
inUhe southern purl-of Japan, produces 80 per cent of the total coal output, or 12,420,000 Ions. There are In
all 1.495 properties, covering an area
of 270,000,000 tsubo (G square feet ac-
cording to the Standard Dictionary).
Tho principal operation is the Miike
mine, situated on the frontier, between
Chikugo and Higo provinces, Fukuoka
Prefecture, facing the Omuda port.
This is owned by Mitsui magnate.
Tlie coal in this property is extensive and of good quality. Though
there are a number of coal beds, only
two are at present operated," one of
■which averages 8 feet thick, but measures in some places 200 feet thick;
the other is from 6 to 10 feet beneath
the former and is about G feet thick.
According to last year's statistics, this
mine produced 1,708,000 tons. Tlie
coaling ports of Japan are all imperfect, and accordingly require an enormous expense for coaling. The Mitsui
magnate started the construction work
for improving the Omuda port November, 1902. , This cost 4,000,000 yen,
and was completed in 6 years. II, is
now called Miike port, and is able to
. moor three vessels or S,000 tons capacity.- _, Coal is now loaded into ves-
o sels at the rate of 20,000 tons,in 24
hours by the means of two .machines,
making a' saving of SOO.000 yen" per
annum. Besides' this mine, there are
- those which produce over 100,000 tons
number 28 in these districts; The
greatest number of mines are'in Fu-
==1lrit/\b-Q__iii.,af£!ftHii'*.__anf1 itmcA nrrulnp/irt.
over 90 per cent of the total production
in Kyushu, or 10,380,000 tons per annum. ' ■ One property south of Wak-
amatsu port produces 70 per cent of
the total per annum in these districts,
or 7,300,000 tons; This is S to 13
' miles long by 4 to 9 miles broad, and
is known widely as the Chlkubu mine.
It produces 50 per cent, of the total'
output in Japan. All the" coal is haul-
,. ed to Moji and Wakama'tsu ports,
thence ls distributed to various ports.
•■ Tho Kyushu coal fields are at present tho, most prosperous, furnishing
tho greater part of tho export conl;
nevertheless, as this prosperity lias
reached a climax, there is every Indication thnt those mines are dlspoeed
to be declining, After a decri'do, tho
lending mines of the Kyushu coal fields
will reduce their production. An engineer declares that, according to his
estimate, the total conl hereafter lo be
excavated in tho Kyushu coal fields ls
500,000,000 tons,'1 At present every
cnpItnlWt ls planning the establishment
of conl operations for the purpose of
Increasing tho coal production.
Next to tho Kyuslnr-conl fields, como
tho Hnkkaldo coal fields. Tho lending mines in quantity and quality lire
in tho Yubarl, Sornchl and Iloronnl
districts, cast of Sapporo. Thcao cover nn area of about 21 miles north to
south, by about 5'miles wchI to cimt,
nnd have facilities for transportation
Tlio coal In tho Yubnrl mlno Is OBtlmnt-
A WONDERFUL DISCOVERY
ed to' be 300,000,000 tons. 'The beds
are said to "be 1,000, feet" deep by 4.
feet thick. In addition, the other beds
may be operated bring up. the total to
over 500,000,0$) tons. The mines at,
present in operation have coal beds
from ,3 to'5 feet thick, in some cases
over 25^feet thick! '• The coal mining-
in Hakkaido has developed in the past
few, years. Tlie production of last
year was 10 per cent, of the total output in Japan,'but the'field shows evir
deuces of increasing year by year.
Most, of the mines are owned by-the
Hakkaido Colliery and Steamship Co.,
of which the most remarkable one is
the Yubarl mine," which produces 480,-
000 tons per annum. Those mines
which produce over 100,000 tons in
Hokkaido- number at present six, because it Is "only a few years since coal
mining commenced in this part of Japan, but every mine promises to mak-et
a remarkable development In the near
future. The claims in these districts
number 140 and have an area of S0,-
000,000 tsubo.
Northeastern coal fields contain
those in Fukushima and Ibarakl prefectures, in the northeastern part of
the Japan mainland. These are rang
ed on the Pacific coast for a length
of 21 miles. They are popularly called Joban coal fields. The annual
output In. these districts 'is 1,530,000
tons. Every prefecture in the northeastern part of the mainland ahouns
jii gold mines, but coal is worthy' of,
note ih the two prefectures mentioned
The quality ofccoal stands third and
the .quantity cannot be said to be abundant. For all that, as .these districts
are near Tokyo, the consumption is
comparatively large.
Formosan coal fields are not worthy
of note.     These mines have an area
by degrees, but at that juncture there
took' place a ' difference. between him
and the other 'three, who brought action before .the 'Mukden Viceroy, but
this case did not attract the viceroy's
attention. •:,Therefore, he exerted himself to\monbpblize this mine and rby
the'support of the Russian's in'-Mukden" won the case.     As some of the
expenses of this proceeding were assumed by the Russians, lie was obliged" to "accede, one-half of the rights of
the mine.  ' tin the other hand, Messrs.
Ozu and Choshishu also acceded part
of their rights to interpreter Mr. Kilio-
tai, who afterwards acceded his rights
to ,the Russians.     Thus, at last, half
of the western mines and part of the
eastern were owned by Russians.' In
1902 the Russians planned to develop
the cal, and excavated  various  pits
and had tho construction work under
way, including a branch iine- of railway, enst' to- Sokaton, when the Russo-
Japaneso war broke out,     Japan occupied Fushan Castlo and the whole
of, the above coal mines March 9, 1905.
In April, 1907, tho South Manchurlan
Railway Co. was organized, and at the
same time these mines came under tho
control of the company."   As soon «s
Doctor Matsuda was engaged as superintending engineer he made radical
reforms.    Moreover, Taisan and Togo
mines have been exploited, land purchased for  a  new  town,  and  many
houses built with waterworks, hospi-
als and schools, etc.     In 3 years all
these Improvements have made great
progress.
According to the table of output, at
the end of last year Senkiusai, Yohaku-
ho, Rokotai, Taisan and Togo mines
produced 722 tons, 949 tons, 32 tons.
62 tons,, and 342 tons, respectively, per
diem was consumed for the productive
M.AO.E   .I'Nli'CANADA
CON TA1N S ■ iSl O " A CU M
CONFORMS TO THE
HIGH STANDARD OF
,  GILLETT'S  GOODS.
Iilrl,l'llillll,lllll!l1 '
mm
POWDER
L^W STYLE LABtH
Output tons
'■ ■ ,       per ann,
Miike Mine, Fukuoka Prefecture (Mitsui'& Co   ....    1,769,2GS
Mitsui Hondo, Fukuoka Prefecture (Mitsui' & Co.)       661,333
Onoura, Fukuoka Prefecture (Kaijima)  ..':.:.. '.'...'       58,6289
Yubarl First Mine, Hokkaido (Hokkaido Colliery & Steamship Co.      471,372
Meiji, Fukuoka  Prefecture ■ (Yasukawa)  .'. -.       433,401
Shinnyu, Fukuo'ka Prefecture  (Mitsu BIshi  Co.)       ,..:..     '424,743
Shiokashlra, Fukuoka' Prefecture '(Furukawa Mining Co.) ..'       391,358
Futase, Fukuoka Prefecture   (Government)   •  ,   372.9G3
OtsTiji,' Fukuoka Prefecture • (Kaijima)   ... '. •.   ..'..?.   •   353,612
Xaraaz'uda, Fukuoka Prefecture (Mitsu BIshi Co.) - j..   .....      335,370
Tadakuma,   Fukuoka   Prefecture , (Sumitomo) ... %  ,      324,504
Mitsui'Hondo, Fukuoka Prefecture (Mitsui & Co.) '• .•       316,590
Mitsui Yamani, Fukuoka Prefecture'(Mitsui & Co.)    .., 297,038
Oto, Fukuoka Prefecture (Buzen Colliery Co.)         297,020
Kaneta. Fukuoka Prefecture (Mitsu Bishi)        ' 296,974
was severely burned.'ahd the two mules he was driving were so badly burned as to cause their death!,. , Indications of tho explosion were trlval beyond this point, although conditions
were far more favorable for a violent
dust explosion than In the locality
where the explosive condition was
maintained. Where tlie explosion
ceased, at, the parting where empty
mine cars aro delivered from the surface and loaded cars put on the rope
to be transported to the surface? the
roadways were covered with coal dust
and were quite dry. The area was
jarge, air comparatively fresh, and conditions favorable „to the extension of
the explosion, but» It ceased at this
point."
Now,- if the first case, is considered
by itself, it may permit    the, conclusion   that  the presence  of  moisture
stops an explosion; if the second, case
is taken as the sole criterion for basing judgment,  there 'is   very  strong
evidence  that the presence of .moisture doe's not stop explosion;   while
the consideration  of  the  third   case
alone might bring.the conclusion that
the presence of dry coal dust is not
a dangerous" factor.      But when the
matter is- investigated  on a broader
scope and a careful comparison of all
conditions   surrounding  recent  explosions is made, it'appears that the presence'of dry dust is a dangerous factor,'although, not the dominant factor
in determining either an explosion's
extent or the degree of destructive-
ness produced by: it, and the lesson
further justifies  the  definite  conclusion .that' the moistening of the coal
dust,as a preventive of explosions is of
uncertain value of itself and unreali-
able to produce the expected results.
It is  granted,,"that,   other conditions
being identical,, a "sprinkled, sprayed,
or otherwise moistened mine may he
considered.less.dangerous than a dry
and "dusty ".mine,  but the margin of
Yoshlnotaln,"Fukuoka Prefecture (Mitsu Bishi)' .:  263,001
I-lokoku, Fukuoka Prefecture - (Yasukawa)   ,'  261,854
ichi, Saga Prefecture (Mitsu Bishi) .7 ..,. .i '.'. .'.   ........ 261.325
Uchigo, Fukushima Prefecture (Iwakl' Colliery Co.)'■  258.921
Iriyama, Fukushima  Prefecture   (Iriyama Colliery Co.)    '.. 251,736
,   ',          —Mines and Minerals.
etc.,- apparently exempt) in' any mine
shall' be regularly and thoroughly
sprinkled when they are so dry that
the air becomes charged with dust.' [
The law also permits,the use of 6
pounds of blasting powder to the shot
as a presumably safe charge., A dust
explosion occurred in a • mine In Indiana, causing loss of life. Suit was
brought against the company and the
Supreme Court of that state found that
"the failure to sprinkle "may be charged as the proximate and direct cause
of the explosion." I have no fault
to find with the decision under the
circumstances, but It shows the futility and possible injustice of an extremely faulty law that, in a manner,
compels the court to fix the cause of
an explosion according' to its letter
rather thariaccordirig to the true facts
in the case. Such a.law should be're^
pealed at-the'earliest'opportunity, for
it is really a legal obstruction to the
promotion of safety,, and its possibilities for future harm are great. .
From the nature of the experiments
recently made-in England and France
to discover a reliable' preventive of
dust explosions, it appears that the use
of-water-is not considered adequate
or satisfactory in these countries.' The
men,engaged in making these experiments are evidently of the opinion
that the use of stone dust in dry mines
can subdue an explosion' more effectively-and quickly than the application
of water, but even should the superior effectiveness of stone dust be established beyond a doubt, .the present
Indiana law "would prevent the .coal
operators of that state from using the'
proved safeguard, and thus providing
ah increased measure of protection for
the men in the mines,' because the
effectiveness of the stone 'dust would
be destroyd by the compulsory use of
'water: ■■ ' 7 -     ,.;.,'"
. There is no law for compulsory watering- of mines in Belgium," yet the
fruit and-produce for.' which the : consumer pays fancy....prices. ■■ - '-■• 7 ...
• ."Tomatoes must bring three or four
dollars a. case or the store foomtwith
them until they, are fit for' tKe.'garbage furnace.'" ' In the matter of" string
beans people who,have"been asked te
pay S,cents'X pound for them have
been told' that the dry season shortened the supply, and the high.price was
only a-compulsory market condition^
•'just a matter.of "supply and demand",
—yet-an aggregate' 'consignment of
five tons to. the "crematory helped wonderfully ' to regulate "supply and ' demand" , in : the, commission, man's favour. ■■) " -, ,' -, ;■",;/,' „:. ■ '., ,-
"Most of the fruit and the produce
was unfit for use7when.it was taken
to the garbage crematory., 70f course
itwas. i But/it would not have spoiled
if' greed had not prevented its being
put on the market and offered at going, prices, as It would have been if
we had 7a public markethouse In this
city. Some of it, indeed a great deal
of it, was not spoiled when it reached
the crematory. Cantaloupes were
taken out there in crate's that had
nover been opened and the fruit never
unwrapped—150 crates in one lot. .
Much of that fruit was In first class
condition. It was burned because to
put It on the market would,lower the
price and' reduce profits; and that
would never do.,      '„ •, .. ,. *
"The product of labor, of money,
and of the gifts of -Nature • were des-
at a reasonable price are burned.-
"Do we need a municipal market in
Portland?     . Consider    these    facts.
Think of the number of people in this
city who, because they could not afford
to pay the price, have denied themselves the food that was sent' to   the
crematory furnaces by the commission
men.      Consider how it - might have
been, and would have been If consumer "and producer had met each' other
in the public market place, and   the'
desires of the one were "sold on the!
basis  of natural''market    conditions,I
governed, as a matter of fact and not]
r<s'a'matter of false pretense, by"the)
iaw^of supply and demand? ,. Think of:
these things, Mr. Consumer,'and then!
consider what action ought to-be taken
in the' premises."—Labor Tress, Port-1
land.' Or.- ' ■ .;-'
JOHN  BARBER, D.D.S.7 L D S.7!
.-/-■y-y-rbENTisT-" -77 -•/• ,
_■>v'.
Office:;. Henderson ..Block,. Fernie, B.C.
'7.   Hours:*'8,30-to 1 jl*2 "tb^5.'. 7
Residence: 21,7Victoria Avenue.-■ '.'
W. R. Ross K
c
' ■"',
"w
S. Lane"
- '
M.
A.
Macdbnald "
t
ROSS
.MACDONALD
and
LANE
Fernie,
B. C.
.-
-" y. '
'i      \
Canada.
y
"/lV
P.
ECKSTEIN.
.    -, Barrister-at-Law, Solicitor,   , * ■"
- < ■ -■ 7,.? '.. v '■' • ••-'i. ■  - , '•
ECKSTEIN BUILDINGS^ Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawo Alex. I. Flshet
LAWE &7 FISHER
"   -    - ,. ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
gj><B>C£><35Ml3>S0Ma&®3>4&©&<3&;Q!DfiJ»
Feriie-Fort Steele;  I
Brewing Co., Ltd.   "
An eminent sclonilst, tho othor dny,
g&vo bin opinion that tho most wonderful discovery of recent years was
tho disco vory of Zam-Huk. Just
think! As Boon as a single thin layer
of Zam-Huk Is appllod to a wound or
a soro, such Injury Is Insured ngnlnst
blood poison I Not ono species of
microbe has boon found that Zam-Duk
docs not kill I
Thon again. As soon ab Zam-Uuk
Is applied to a «oro, or a cut, or to
skin dlscnvo, It stops tho smarting,
That is why children aro such frlonds
of Zam-Iluk, Thoy enro nothing for
tho aclonco of tho thing. All thoy
know Is that Zam-Duk slops their
pain. Mothers should nevor forgot
this.
Again. As soon ns Znm-lluk Is appllod to a wound or to a dlioneed
part, tho colls beneath tho skin's surface aro so stimulated that new
honltliy tlssuo Is quickly formed. This
m \ t       t> 11 1,   1 t» I
lUt <M**M4p     ***      At Lull     MVM*h4 J       ttfrMUh*     fiW'.t
Mmn \* flnm-Ttuk'u cnr.rot. nf hnMlnp;.
Tho tissue thus formed ls worked up
to the surface and literally casts off
tho dlsearrd ttustio above It. This Is
why Znm-Buk cures am permanent.
Only tho other day Mr. Mnnh, of
101 Delorlmlor Ave,. Montreal, called
upon tho Sinm-Uuk Compuiiy nnd told
thorn thnt for ovor twenty-five yonrs
ho had been a martyr to oczoma.' His
hands wero at ono tlmo so covorod
with sores thnt ho had to sleep ln
gloves. Four years ago Zam-Duk was
Introduced to him, and In a fow
months It cured him. To-dsy—ovor
three yoara after his euro of a illsenso
ho had for twenty-live years-—ha Is
still cimsd, ami hits had no tracu of
any return of the caserns!
All druggists tell Zam-Huk at SOe.
hot, or we nil], icnd trt* trial box If
you send this advertisement and a le.
stamp (to pay return postage). Ad*
item Zam-iiuk Co., Toronto.
of 10,000,000 tsubo, producing roughly
140,000 tons per annum. They are
mostly situated in the part of Kylung.
Korean coal fields abound in places
ln thcpenlnsula. Among the best Is
the best, is the mine C miles in length
along the Daidoko from Heljo. 'It is
known ns ITelJo coal and is used for
tho Imperial navy,
, THhe Snghnllen coal "fields aro also
promising. The area of coal at present known is estimated at 235,070,000
tsubo. The nrea will, no doubt, bo Increased by an elaborate investigation
going on. Tho various beds range
from'3 feet to ovor 10 feet in thickness. On tho whole, as it Is not long
since this land wns taken by' Jnpnn,
so It lacks facilities of communication
and traffic, hy reason of which thoso
are very few who Invest In Korea, but
the government plans to work tho profitable minerals ns government enterprise, rnpltnllzln gnt nn enormous sum,
Tho government Is encournglng capitalists and engineers to explore thoso
districts for conl.
In the Manchurlan conl fields, tho
mine which ls especially notoworthy
Is tho Fushnn, .under tho control of
tho South Mnnehurlnn Rnllwny Co.
Fushnn Is situated 10 mlloH enst of
Mukden. Tho claim la 1 rl (2.13 mil-
oh) north-south by B rl wr'st-enst along
tho canal trnverslng this district cant-
west, Tills district Is reached hy a
brnnch lino of tho South Mnnehurlnn
Hallway, which branches off at tho
Holtnton station and terminates at the
opposite side* of n canal beyond Fustian CftHtlo, through Sonklumil, Yohn-
kulio nnd Ilobnlnl. "
The Fushan mine Is divided Into two
p/irtH, enHtorn and westorn,     In tho
western pnrt there Is iho Ilnkntnl mlno
also tho ltnlsnn mlno near Sonklusnl,
and Togo mine near Yohnktilio, where
shafts nro In course of construction
ami will bo completed next year,
., The,conl Is of the bituminous variety
and has u glassy black color.     Tho
conl beds oxtend 4 miles nnd In thickness they nro rarely^ exceeded.    They
menBiiiv 171 Wf. thick In Rnnklusnl,
120 feet thick In Yohnkuho, nnd 144
feet thick lu Hokntnl mines. This great
(lnld was operated  by Chlneso hundreds of years ago, when these settled
in the capital of Mukden, but on account of the riiRtomary superstition,
the exploration wns strictly prohibited.
In 11)10, Mr. OshoRO nnd other Chlnoso
applied for permission to operato tho
Fushnn mlno.    This was granted, because Mr. Sokl, toh«n Viceroy, monor-
lallzcd their application to the Throne,
explaining the absurdity of the hitherto observed superstition.    Mr. Oshogo
got ucuuliulou of Qciiklu3al mine and
Mr. Ozu and Mr. OChoshlsu got the
Yohakuho and Rokatal mines.     Mr.
Oahogt) coopcrfit+A In this enterprise
with Messrs Ki, Shlyoku and others,
a«d operations were making proiroci
use., The remainder,-2.SG0 tons, was
exported. When Taisan and Togo
mines are completed, they will produce
4,000 tons. Therefore, In two years
or so the Fushan mines will produce
7,000 tons per diem.
The principal coal mines and their
output are as follows:
LESSONS TO  BE LEARNED  FROM
RECENT DI8ASTERS
By John Vernor, Charlton, Iowa.
While each mine disaster teaches a
valuable lesson It may provo a serious
mistake to form final conclusions from
any one disaster and proscribe them
as remedies for tho future prevention
of calamities of similar nature; and
tho possibility of wrong conclusions
based upon the Investigation limited
to ono particular ense, the necessity
and ndvnntngo of a comparative study
of mine disasters of similar kinds, so
the combined lessons of nil mny bo
used to bring Inlo hnrmony apparently
discrepant results, can bo readily es-
tnbllHhod, as the following will show,
Looking over tho report of ono of
the recent explosions, I found thnt It
censed on reaching nn extended wot
area In tho mine, nnd It was assumed
that the presence of molBturo wns the
ronsnn why It stopped In thnt particular place. Turning to tho report of
another explosion It wan shown thnt
Iho application of moisture' nnd the
damp condition of tho dust did neither
pievont tho occuri'ionco of tho explosion nor stop It after It hnd Rtnrtod.
Again, looking up nnother report, I
found that tho explosion censed to
ndvnnco In tho presence of nn nbun-
dnnt supply of dry coal dust.
Tho Elk Onrden oxploslon mny bo
tnkon ns nn oxnmplo of tho first caso.
As nn oxnmplo of tho second ense, I
will quote from Minors Circular 3, recently Issued by the llurcau of Mines:
"In a recent mine disaster In this country, tlw oxploslon trnvelorl l,fi00 foot
along a slope that had been washed
down with hose just boforo tho ox-
plosion, nnd ovon hnd a wet floor after
(ho oxploulon. i'tw explosion burst
forth from the slope mouth In a great
flame and deposited much coked dust
on tho timbers of tho trestle'
To present an occurrence covering
inethirn cum I will give me essential
tpnrt of tho report of tho mlno Inspector of Now Mexico, relating to nn
explosion thnt occurred In the Wenvor
mlno on March 0,1010: "At tho place
whoro tho blown-out shot Initiated tho
e\plo«fon, npnrt Vrom fhft combustion
of tho crushed coal and dust from tho
blown-out nhof, nil conditions wor<»
such as to proven! or retard a dust ex-
ploilon. Tho, explosion traveled out'
ward to tho parting* of No. 3'/4 seam,
about 600 feet distance. About 156
fc*t Inside of the parting a drlw
possible safety, is too narrow and too
uncertain to -justify the claim in view
of the proofs" to' the contrary, that,a
mine can.be-,rendered immune'from
explosions under any conditions by the
application ot moisture.
I said at the beginning that it may
prove.a serious ' mistake to attempt
to prescribe-remedies for the prevention of explosions suggested by conclusions based upon narrow and superficial investigations of the subject;'
arid the possible injurious consequences' of suchs mistake become all tho
more threatening, when,with good intentions, but evidently knowing little
of tho principles governing explosions,
and thereforo Incompetent, to glvo
good advice, can prevail on the members of a state legislature to mako
mandatory by.law the use of an alleged remedy ..that ennnot possibly provide even a small measure of the safety tho proposers and makers of the
law.expected to secure. For Instance,
in Indinna the law provides thnt road-
wnys nnd entries (rooms, crosscuts,
Belgian mines, with their, great depth,
their dryness, and the presence of gas,
show a remarkable and'pleasing-record, of freedom,, from explosions,^
• There should be' .hesitation- ■ about
hastily enacting laws in the mining
states of this country for the compulsory application of water because "it Ib
not only of doubtful value, but. It carries with it a promise of safety that
may not be redeemed .when the test
comes. Case after caBe could be
cited to prove'this, and it is only hindering the' final solution of the explosion problem to present excuses why'
the application of water fallod to produce the desired effectB in this or
that explosion instead of fairly facing
the fact, that they wore not prevented
by tho method In use, although tho,
method ns employed, for Instance, in
the slope mentioned in 'Miners Circular 3 of tho Bureau of Mines and in
the Banner mine In Alabama was as
near porfo'ct, as mnn could reasonably
bo oxpoctod to make It,--Mines and
Minerals,
I Beer
y^yand
i
Porter
S Bottled Goods a Specialty
i
Merchants Burn
Produce to Uphold
The High Prices
During n period extending from September 3 to September 20 a dally average of botweon two and throe tons of
fruit nnd vegetables have been sent by
commission morchnnts of Portland to
the city crematory for the purpose of
proven!Ing n bronk in tho market nnd
nmlntnlnlng nn arbitrary price.
Bomo tlmo a no iho Dally Nowh reported the burning of producn nt tho
crematory, and this wook tho Telegram published upoclflo Instances of
the same practice, Tho Labor Press
Investigated tho' matter nnd submits
tho following Instances where fruit
nnd vegetables havo been disposed of
In this manner, giving dates, names
of firms nnd weight of each consignment:
Sopt, M)B.
3, Parson-Pago Co., fruit nnd
vegetables   ti'm
i, i'atiflc Fruit <uiii  riuJuMi
Co. same    1900
(5, Penmen-Page Co., same .... 2540
8, Pacific F. & P. Co., samo .. B210
12, Snmo, fruit  3210
M, i'tenlnuii-i'ttge Co., wuno .... iiw
12, Same, oranges   0200
13, Same,  bean > 0830
1G, Pacific F & P. Co., fruit .... 02150
in, Same, samo  ,.,,,.,,,,.,,. 7670
1C, Ikll ft Co., samo  2330
tn, Pnrlflo F. & P. Co,, snmo,... 1240
20, Pearson-Page Co., tamo ... 1240
50, 1'nMflo F, £ p, Co., «nme ., 3740
23, Bell & Co., samo      4H0
23, Pearson-Pago Co., some .... 2130
23, Same, snmo  2120
33, Same, samo  1760
25, Ikll & Co, tamo .".  3*80
P,
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
25, Tennwtor,' onions       3020
2t\, Ponrnou-Pngo Co., fruit and
vegotabloH  '    1000
20, Toninstcr, onions     2550
While the weights given nbovo totnl
over -lit tons during n period of 21
dnyn, thero woro numorous other loads
or partial loads delivered to tho crematory by wngons of parties other
thnn real owners. This would bring
the totnl to n much hlghor figure.
TIioho figures do not 'lucludo tho
largo rjtinntltles ot decayed or worthless fruit Hont to the crematory by
the ennning firms, or tho number of
lands of produce spoiled In transit.
' During ono month of Inst year ono
firm alone,sent to tho crematory botweon soven and eight carloads of
melons,
A portion of tho Telegrnm nrtlclo Is
reprinted, us lollows;   n
"Wm ma) uututal}) expire ail manner of excuses and explanations from
the commission men for this wholesale
burning of food; but the only explanation that explains Is tho combined
Vtltti v«t\.'ik'ttinoivuu Jrt)UV,> ok! K'bUptliK Up
t[)o prices,
"String boans, for oxnmplo, must bo
sold wholesale at 0 or 7 conts a pound,
or to tho city garbago furnace with
them. And bo of .melons, and so of
troyed thnt ffreed might servo Its own
despicable ends. You, Mr. Consumer,
must pny tho fHnry price for tho £rti.
tlflcatlon of greed; and thon you must
pay taxes to operato a garbage crematory wherein tho fruit and vegetables that you would bo glad to get
tomatoes and so of all manner of
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Isssk
Royal
t
Hotel
Stanley St. -1 Nelson
Qeat Family and Worklnjj man's
Hotel In City; nicety furnished
rooms with Dath, Dedo, 60o,
each, meals, 3Bo,
A Union House
Prop., J. 8. BAIWATT
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgr, ." ",.
. Manufacturers of and Deal-
' ers in all kinds of Rough ■
,.   aiid Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
R0;YAt
TOT EL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
,  Everything »
Up-to-date:
Call in and
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie   \
'Fernie's T,on(lliig Commercing  \
nnil Tourist Houso,    "
'    S. F. WALLACE, Prop;
FERNIE UNION DIRECTOR^
Lizard Local General Teamsters N>»
141, MootB ovory Friday night U
8 p, m, Minors' Union Hall,
A WorlhtuRton, President; ID,
Good, Secretary,
Bartenders' Local No, 5141 Moots 5|id
and 4th Sundays at 2.S0 p.m. Seov
tary .1. A, Ootiplll, Waldorf Motet
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W.A.
Meets 2nd and 4th Thursday Mlwrif
Union hall.    )). Hooa, 3o\      /
Typographical Union No. 55V Ifoata
laBt Saturday ln ench month nf the
Lodgor Olflco, A. J, Buckloyj Bee-
rotary.
Dr. de Vim's Pemale Pllli
MaCbS?«rjK5«nS»'lift. Milltdio'tniiiim*.
t&lAtMtt ting <?«., fit. CmWium, ftnt.
for tat* at Bleaedell'a Druo Store.
Local Fernie No, 17 8. P. of C.koota
In Minora Union Hall evory Hindny
at 7.45 p.m. Evorybody wolficno. D,
Paton, Boorotnry-Troaauror.
Amalgamated Society Carpentei and"
Jolnerei— Moot In Minora Hal ovory
alternate Thuraday at S o'c)ck, A.
Ward, eeerotary. 1». O. 807.
f
United Brotherhood of CarnenUri and
Jolnere.—'Local 1220, D, J.'Erana,
President; V. H. Shaw, SicrftVy.
/  / /
i  i i
l#> s^^^^^^^^^^S^^^^^^^SS^P^H
>*''t:;:.--^v.
A* . 7 i
r3:;r
i,'-.-
p
fc
B7
irN
B:-
I1)
**
THE, DISTRICT! LEDGER, FERNIE,; B. 0.,' OCTOBER 7, 1911.
'', V   "7,r    , , ' ^ i -".' .~^ 7   fr,'   /.'/•'* *-~V*v. ?«-.,   - .
~,"'.!' -- v   ■-. '-'V'. 'V^/'^y;4
PAGE  SEVEH7///y '■'•
Thei Week's Neivs/6r   ^     f
Oiir Foreign Brothers \
-PAS DE MENDIANTS;   77. .      ,'• •" -
;..\   y '• l- ':" •--' -aOdanemark
■ "        •        ,-!•'■        *.; -v   - "'    '' i ■
• II eviste a la Chamhre franclase une
•cbmmissior? de <• trente.-trois1 membres
„dont'i'ai,rb.onrieur d'etre le president,
7 et qui a ete charges d'indiquer les mes-
■ ures qu'll" convenient, de prendre en
vue"d'arrlver a la suppression des men-
... diants et des:vagabonds qui exploitent
la charity et repahdentdans nos cam-
• pagnes le vol, l'assasslnat et le viol.
Cette commission a deja redlge plusi-
•> eurs rapports, dont les conclusions, si
•elles avalent ete adoptees auraient pro-
dult certalnement un excellent resultat.
'    0 En attendant que les deputes veulll-
-ent prendre le tempsde so prononcer
sur les travaux de notre commission
cette dernier© ne reste pas Inactive et
se transporte dans les pays ou elle
sepere trouver des elements lul permet
tant de perfectlonner son oeuvre.
'fl'
"a -II y a. dlx-hult mols ses delegues
' vlsltalent les etahllssements   dus    a
, 1'inltlatlve de la Belglque et de la Hoi-
* lande nations qui sont parvenues a re>
-, tlrer de la circulation mendlants et
vagabonds.     Cette annee'je suls all6
accompagher quatre de mes collegues
' au Danemark dont les pouyolrs publics
■ ' aides par des associations de bienfal-
sance cherchent a resoudre le prob-
'.'' lenie qui nous occiipe et sont' appeles
;'j'en suls sur a restreindre avant'-peu
. dans une proportion ; considerable   le
•_ Tiombre de gens qui tendent la main.
t;.. On ne s'lmagine pas comblenil est
" .agreable d'entr'er eii,relations avec la
1 population de ,ce royaume,. "En effet,
\I1 est rare de rencontrer des"Strangers
,'ayant a'Un si haut degre,l'amour de la
,France. . ' 7-7,  '7  "',      ■' -'
'   . Qu'on me permette d^ajouterque ce
petit Etat, ,qui compte a',, peine trois
■millions d^habitants, a .deyeloppe  de
, telle facori l'instruction, qu'll n'extste
", pas de' contree ou elle soit aussi re-
;' pandue, tbus les Jeunes gens et toutes
■ les jeunes .filles sachant lire, ecrire et
compter.-       v •   '       ..'■-,
. " Mais revonons au' but de notre mls-
', .-slom •' ■" ,.
■'    Et d'abo'rd. coiistatons quV. l'instar
des Beiges et des Hollandais, les Dan-
". ois ont compris qu'll n'etait, ni juste, nl
' favorable  a la, disparitlon   du  Vaga-
. " bandage;et de la.mendic'te, de ffapper
"7 des m'emes peiries;et"d'enfermerindls-
-   tlnctment' dans les memes cachots les
.- prbfessioririels et les misereux qu'un
7?7ehomage-inyolonitaire"contraint"a!'s"oiii-
clter une" aumone.   " Aussi; sous u Inspiration d'une society - quil porte ce
. „.Deau mon "Le. travail ennpbllt," les au-
tbrltes du Daneinarkont-elles am6nag6
,  la" maison  de ■ "Sundholme"  ou  sont
internes les vagabonds,,reservant une
' partie dc cette maison aux "chevaux de
rctouf,'' „et i'autre'aux p'auvres, heres,
;plus nmlh€ureux,que coupables, qu'on
essayc d'arracher a l'olslvete.   •■
., ,■ Et albrs que les premiers sont tralWs
en prlsonnlers, les'seconds, au contra-
' Ire, vont et vlennefct llbrement; mleux
nourrls, mleux couches et munlsd'un
emplol aQleur sortie du-"Sundholm."
Inutile de dire que les prlnclpaux
,' centres du Danemiirk sont dotes, d'uno
.   semblnble organisation.      ; .
Contlnauant ses, lounbl'cs efforts, la
, soclQto "Lo travail ennobllt," dlrlgee
par le pasteur Dalohff, entroprend
main ton ant, l'lnstallntlon des colonies
agrlcolcs desttnees a rocueilllr les men-
' dlnnts ct les vngabonds, bt qui fonc
tionneront suivant lo mode' do colonies
analogues qui rocolvent des condamnis
do droit commun et qui ont ou pour le
reloyemcnt do coux-cl dos consdquonc-
os lnosperdos.
Lorsquo rAllemagno, en 1804, s'em-
para du SchloswlK-HolBteln, un colonel,
M. Dolgns, dont la statue a otd elov6o
dans dlx villas dtffdronton, so persuada
' qu'll eoralt posslblb do comnonsor le
' prejudice caned au Danomnrk par cotto
■ spoliation,.on 'mottnnt on valour 000,-
000 hectnroB do landos Bltudes nuJut-
lnnd ot quo, Jusquo'-la, on avalt cm In-
cultlvabloB, II rdunlt dos adhesions,
dos HoiiRcrlptloiiB el cominonca un dd-
frlohomont qui a si blon rduast quo doja
000,000 hcctaroH do cob terrains otfront
un aspect rlnnt.'dtnlnnt dovnnt Ioh yotix
deR vlsltourfi do^vortoH prnlrlos ot do
Buporuca forotH,
Mnla co qui noun lntdrosso, o'esl quo
deptilB trfilzo nna ont dtd uHIIbob a
eotto hoflouno los ddtonim Ioh mloux
notds IobquoIb vlvant datiB do modoBtoe
maisonsqui he ressemblent-en rienra
des prisons "peinent sous, la. surveillance "de, gardleris .qui eux aussi'mani-
ent la pelle et la piochel- ^Et compre-
nant-qu'ils servent la nation_et qu'tls
lui .rendent. service ces, declass6s. se
sentent rehausses a leurs propres'yeux
et.redeviennent souvent nous a.assure"
M. Alfred Goos directur. du penltencler
de Horgens 'de braves 'trayallieurs
dprouvant un reel "repentir de leurs
fautes. passees.    •,,'    -1-'--
Volla done lesDanols engages dans
la vole sulvie prScedemment ^par les
Beiges et par les Hollandais et dont la
tentatives'annonice comme devant etre
des plus fertlles      ".- „    " " ,
GEORGES BERRY,
'       Depute de la Seine.
TREATING  THE*
FORE8T.AS A CROP
The progress of the Conservation
policy of Canada, as applied to forest
resources, ,depends more upon the
Forestry Branch of the Department of
the1 Interior than, upon any other organization: Upon the technical know
ledge and executive ability of the officers of, the Forestry Branch depends
the future of the. forest on 16,000,000
acres of Dominion Forest Reserves,
as well as upon the large area of non-
agricultural land In^Western Canada,
which'for the good'of the country
may yet be ;'set aside as permanent
forest TeseryesI . In addition to looking after Dominion lands the "Forestry
Branch is now being asked by Eastern
land'owners to furnish advice as to'the
best means of securing at the earliest
date a profitable ..crop o£ timber "on
waste land or wood" lots. The proper
administration of forest.lands requires
special knowledge of the trees best adapted to each' region, of'their uses,
and of the markets.'. Further, there is
■needed knowledge of the habits' of all
trees,, ^specially, of' the merchantable
species, so,that;It may be known how
"rapidly they grow, how they produce
their seed, when and under what condi
tlons the seed'germinates, and in, what
waj the seedlings and young trees are
affected by their -surroundings.',- Such
khowledge.isgained only'by long study
and experience.. . In -order that the
new Rocky Mountain Forest Reserves
may b'e'admlnlstered according to the
latest scientific knowledge and the
best'.experience, the' Fbres'try^Branch.
ment had the right to fix .the details
of employment. It followed necessarily that the law forbade all-.combinations of the workers to raise"the.rate
of wages, the juridical "theory being
that such a ' "conspiracy"'; was 'in restraint, of trade," and,-'therefore;'opposed to the national intercity ;■ c „,
-One'such act, passed .in, 1562, dur-
in Elizabeth's reign,-was. not repealed till.1875. 7 Trade,unions,-according
to the researches of.Mr. -and' -Mrs.
Sidney Webb, seem- to have come into
existence early iri the eighteenth'cen-
,tury; they have discovered one" in
1720, though the title "trade J union."
according to them, is not known'' till
about 1830.   •        7      -7 } "v
The growth of these' societies
(which, by-, the way, modern enquirers refuse to trace' to the ancient
trade guilds) Increased so; speedily
from -1700 to 1800 that" in 1799 - and
1800 the "Combination Laws" were
passed. They form a general code,
and , reach the high-water mark' of
repressive tribunal legislation.'' Aa
that distinguished trade unionist of
the old school,, the late Mr. George
Howell, M. P., put It: "Workmen in
combination were up^to 1824-5 under
the ban of the law," The ancient sys
tern of labor legislation culminated
In 1880. "The only freedom," says
Sir J. FltzJohn Stephen, ; who was
not only a historian but a judge, "for
which It seems to me to have been
especially solicitous is the freedom of
the„ employees from coercion by their
men? ,    •
The modern era of trade unionism
begins with the sweeping away, of the
Combination Laws in 1824-5. The new
economic theory was "that labor, like
other commodities, was to be bought
and sold, according to the ordinary
rules of trade; every one was to be
free, not only to consult with others as
to the terms'on which he would do
so."   /      , vy      ''"„■/, "
From 1867.to 1869 a Royal'commis-
sion of Enquiry ' investigated the
whole subject. Its report and that of
another "commission in 1874 produced
what' may be called the Trade Union
Code, consisting ,of the Trade Union
Acts of 1871'and 1876, and the Conspiracy and Protection of Property
Act and the Employers and Workmen
Act, both passed on the same day in
1875.', \ Broadly, the two former statutes regulated the privileges "of the
unions, and the two latter restrained
the excesses of workmen. A unionist
is no longer liable to'be prosecuted
for conspiracy,- because the union may
promote,strikes, and unions are legalized for many other purposes, including the holding of property and ' the
power tb,go into any'court, civil or
criminal, concerning it. Briefly,,these
two "acts are still "the charter" of the
unions.' 7'■'- '     '
is'now, making'detailed'studies ofliie
habits of the merchantable species of
trees on ,7the' Eastern cslopes of : the
Rockies In Alberta'and has sent'one
of the, men in charge of .the, work to
study the systems of forest management practised during the... past few
years hy the highly developed United
States Forest Service in tlie National
Forests, of Montana^ The United
States foresters have spent large sums
of money and "availed themselves of
the experience of many men in developing plans of lumbering which do not
Inconvenience the, lumbermen ■ but
which ensure the protection and rec-
productlon of the forest and the Canadian Forestry Branch Intends to benefit largely by their experience,  '
They
Original
and;
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
'Sold on the
Merits of.
Minard's
Liniment
/. *y yy
HI8T0RY OF THE LAW
,   A9  TO  TRADE  UNIONS
Non-interference by Parliament With
Trade Is a Quite Modern Doctrine
Tho recent sittings of the, Trado
Union Congress, to say nothing of ro-
cent events, Justifies a "short sketch
of tho history of tho law relating to
societies of that class, flays tho London Pall Mall Gazette. Freedom of
trade. In tho sonso ot non-Intcrforonce
by par\lamont with any given trado
Ib qulto a modorn doctrlno; for ceutur-
los, "till within living memory," Bald
Mr. Justice. FltzJamos Stophon In
1883, "It was considered to bo, tho
Bpoclnl duty of tho legislature to rog-
ulato all tho moat Important matters
connected with trndo and labor."
Tho Statutes of Lnbororo In KM9
nnd 1350 not only onactod that prac-
tlcally ovory man and woman of the
working olnsHOH uhould work, but nc-
lunlly flxod their rato ol' wage*, From
tlmo to tlmo othor ncla on tho subject woro pnBBOd, Iho acknowledged
principle always being thnt   pnrila-
, Finally In the long chain comes, the
still vexed Trade,'.,Disputes Act. of
1906, again bn the report of a Royal
Commission.'- Its most striking enactment is that'no action inay be brought
against any trade' union corporately
for any. tortious act alleged • to have
been committed by or on behalf of
tho trade union." This concession was
the result of agitation in view of the
fact"that the-Railway Servants',Union
had. been' condemned to pay heavy
damages_nto the Taff -Vale Railway
Company for Illegally calling out their
members employed on that- line. The
Illegality mainly consisted In Including
or compelling their members to break
their existing contracts with the com-,
pany, and this form of Interference,
too, was mndo legal by the act. The
same statute legalizes "peaceful picketing" —- I.e., It is lawful for one or
more persons, when there ls a "trade
dispute, to attend nt or near a house
or7 place, where a person resides or
works or carries on business or happens,'to be, If thoy so nttond merely
for the purpose of peacefully obtaining or communicating Information or
of peacefully persuading any person
to work or abstain from working."—
Dally Province, Vancouver.
List of Locals District 18
WHAT 18 GOVERNMENT?
By
\
.•vJ, NAME SEC. and P. O. ADDRESS
80 Dankhoad.. P, .Whoatloy, Bankhoad, Alto.
481 Boavor Crook  P. Qnughfon, Boavor Crook, via Plnchor
•131 Bollovuo J, Burko, Bollovuo, Frank, ^lta,
£103 Blnlrmoro IK. J. Chauo, nialrmoro, Alta.
940 DurmlB,,,,,,,,,',,, Job, Dorbytihlro, Durmla, Alto,        „  ,
Mi cnruoiKiulo,.,,..,, J, li, hyulop, Carbondalo, Coleman, Alta.
;*3S7 Cardiff ,.,, J, Ttiolo, CunWf, Alia.
1378 Cnnmoro  N. T>. Thaehuk, Canmoro, Altn.
tm Colomnn  W. Graham, Colomnn, Alta.
£877 Corbln ,,,, j, Twlsff,  Corbln, U„ 0,
1120 Chinook Minos .... Wm. ForayUt, Dlnmond City, Altn.
£!7£ wUiuouu Cit^ CUdtluii Orbfeu, Diamond Ouy, Lt>iM>ndK<3,
2314 Fornlo 1'hoi, Uphill, Fornlo, Di U,
1203 Frnnk 0. Nlcol, Frank, Altn.
*407..HoBincr ..,,,, W. Daldontono, Ilosmor, D. 0.
10R8 Hlllcrcnt J, O, Jonos, IlllloroBt, Altn.
C74 Lothhrldgo L, Mooro, P. (). Box 118, Lothbrldgo
1180 LothbrMffa Colllorlos Frnnk Itarlnirhnm, boo., vln„ Klpp, Altn.
1233 Llllo  w. L. Kvani, Llllo, Frank, Alta
S820 Mnplo Lent  M. (Hldny, Mapla T.nnf, Ttolloruo, Alia.
2134 Michel  M, Uurrell, Mldhel, Tt, 0.
H4 Monarch Mlno..., Hornco Woodleld, Taltor, Alta.
38L3 1'Mlbur* Wm. Cooko, PflBiburg, Altu,
8586 Royal View ....... Thoi. D. TtiUr, Royal Collieries, Uthhrldgo, Attn
102 fher .' William lluiMlt, Tatar, A1U.
1080 Taber A. Pattorton, Taber, Alta,
"Proletarian" ,ln "The Volco of
tho People,"
Lord Macaulay sayfl: "Th no form
of govomment Ib thoro an absolute
Identity of Interest hotwoen tho peoplo nnd tho rulorn." This statement
from a prominent momhor of tho ox
plotting clnsB, Bhould convince nny
unprejudiced render of the truth of
Karl Marx's dictum that government
In ronlly nn executive committee of
proporty owners,
Tho popular theory, as expounded
In our flchoolfl, churches nnd cnpl-
tnllBt Journals. Ih that Rovornmont
oxIbUi for tho bonoftt of tho noV-
emod, And, following this lino or
nrgiimoM, much BtresB Ib laid on tho
goodness of law and order and tho
wickedness of mob rule, especially
during times of strikes nnd lockouts,
when working pooplo hnvo becomo
tlrod of what neomn to thorn an organized reign of torror,
Tho producers of all wonlth who,
on tho ovo of an oloctlon, nro ad-
uitiBBUu u» "milow ciiUenu Hiiiluenly
become a wvnaco lo "eovioly"; uhllo
tho pollcomnn who clubs thorn Into
submission Is hailed as tho Incarnation of virtue!
(lovornment, according to Cham-
DtCUvUo.t>, '* "i U>\1> oi i«;k-
sons authorized to ndmlnlstor tho
laws, or to govorn a State"; whereas
•odoty moans a "number of persons
associated for a common Interest."
In vlow of Lord Mncaulay's adnilS'
alon, It Rooms clear thnt "govorn^
mont" and "society" aro qulto differ
ont things,
Of course, many Ignorant pooplo
arc led to bollovo that to do away
with government would mean tho disintegration or society, Tho absurdity
of this Idea Is apparent from the fact
that social organisation Is the   unl
versal law of life. ,.   Government is
artiflcal; society is natural:1
There ls social organization, but no
government, among the lower animals! and, until quite recently, there
was nothing but social organization
among human beingB.. In the struggle for existence individuals of the
same species, found it better to combine for offense and defense, than to
fight a single-handed battle against
the hostile forces of nature. '
Morgan, ,in his monumental work,
"Ancient Society," proves that human , beings have lived for tens . of
thousands of years-in, economic, social and1 political equality." Tlie'very
fact that.ancient-tribes of men were
banded together on a footing of community ' of'interests, or economic
equality, ..precluded fthe existence of
government; .which, as Macaulay admits, ' means inequality of interests,
and therefore class antagonism.
..Government did not arise among
human beings until slavery became
an economic factor.- Where all men
and women are free and equal, laws
are unnecessary:' -> Woman, on account of her physical-needs, was the
first slave, and. naturally the first laws
had to do with the ownership and
treatment of woman as man's private
property. ,'."..
Private ownership of human beings
orv what amounts to the same thing,
private ownership of the. materials
human beings- have to use in order to
live,, was the'beginning of "law" and
order.'   .•'"»'■•
Government^ is simply an organized puntive force employed to ' terrorize, propertiless' wealth producers
into ^handing over" the products of.
tiieir^labor^tOTa^non-producing^T'prop-"
erty-holdlng minority. ■ The only object of government Is to maintain the
interests of a few, against the welfare
of the.many.
■ It stands to reason that the few who
profit by this state of affairs and who','
by reason of their riches, control
almost all' the channels of the formation, are not going to be so foolish
as to advertise the real purport of
government. Their business is to
employ parsons, editors,' politicians
and schoolmasters to lead the workers
to believe that private ownership of
the 'means- of life, backed up by the
rifle and the club, and the hangman'B
rope, is tho hlghost expression of morality, and the 'very best things for the
working class.
Here ls where I think our anarchist friends go astray. They denounce the evils of law and order
and Imagine they can remedy matters
by abolishing government. Tholr
attitude Is almost as foollBh ns that
of our philanthropic reformers, Thoy
are attacking an effect, instead of
tho cause. Government will only bo
abolished when land and machinery
are ownod colloctlvely by tho wholo
human race, Consequently tho Socialists are absolutely right ln laying
every strosa upon tho oconomlo explanation of the ovlls of law and order,
A vory curious argument Ib brought
against Socialism by tho very pooplo
who toll ub that, government ls for tho
benefit of governod,    Thoy object to
State  Industries because,  they  say,
the employes of tho State would bocomo slnvosl     This Ih an ndmlsBlon
that government Is a purely class nf-
fair, dangerous to  tho  Interests of
tho mnjorlty. ' Hut government cannot, he both good and had at tho same
tlmo,    It Ib qulto clear thai, tho objects of antl-SoclallRm In mnklng uso
of such mi argument Ib to frighten
tho workers away from Socialism,   H
Is an attompt lo mnko thorn bollovo
thnt Socialism would bo nn Intcnsl-
flcntlon of tho tyranny of government,
But tho vory objoct of govornmonl,
nB I hnvo shown, Is to enrry out hy
physical forco (he rulos Imposed by
proporty owners upon    tho proportions; whereas Soclnllsm, ntnudlng for
economic equality, or  community of
Interests,   means   tho   abolition   of
clnssos nnd, therefore,   tho   nnnlhlla-
of govomment,     Qovornmont is an
exproHslon of economic Inequality, a
manifestation of class antagonism, and
nn engine of oppression.     Boclnll*m
Is an industrial organization, based
upon tho economic equality and personal freedom ot every mnn, woman
and child,
Deafness Cannot Bo Cured
by local ipplicAllnni, ui tlity ouinot nweh ih« dl*
«.iir<i iHirttuii ot Urn ntr. 'Ilmrt U only on* vuy lit
fiint ilcnfnrM, «ml thnt li by «nniillullm»l n-niMlrn.
DcalnrM l« chink) Ii? «ii InlUmod eoncunnn ol tlm
mueoul llntnK ol Hi* KuiUehlM Tubi. Wben tlm
tuba I* |nfliin*4 you Iwv* a nimbi In t uiii id or un-
liti(no(licarlMK, ami wtun It li cuilttly iluwj, Uvul-
nm it the ttmx, »nJ wUeu thi iniUmnutian am l»
|ak»n out »nd thu tub* iMiortd 10 lu noroul condition, hrirlnr «M bt. dMtraytd fonvtrt Hint «wi
out ol tta trt auunt by QtUrrti. whlth bi nothing
but id MAirimI condition. Of tin. musout turuwt.
W« will tivt Qua Hundred IWIIan a, My mm ol
p*»tnM» jbiuwJ by «urrfc) Uwi hum b* wtrt
by IWI'I tstuitu oun. «?alte*lm»!»r«ulrw.  ^
. ,..   „ ,   *.*• CIIBKfeV m CO., Tdode, O.
, fWd by Dninuu, f «c.
IH it ITinwnmllf Ml* tor
I
n-
pwitirpstfim.
The Paper that gets there
£>,
,Cjf Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired by persous seeking
publicity for their wares.
C]f Selecting, the medium is import-
ant—the publication that reaches
the people —the wage-earners—
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space.  '
C|f Its an easy matter to acquire
space-in a; paper but its another
point to get adequate returns from
the outlay. , 7    y
C]p Advertisements'that sell goods
are the,ads, that change often and
-mal£e4iiteresting=readingfrom-time=^
to time, giving facts and figures.
C]f Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper, is not adver-,
tising. A well written and neatly,,
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your busi-
ness with the use of Printers Ink.
<}F Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and.when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
flp Let the new comers know who
you aro and advertise your business.
*J The, District Ledger has the
largest circulation in "the Pass and
should bo your special medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try~
can't toll until you try.
Complete Job department
Address al! communications to
i,
The District Ledger
• { '   } \
7 * 4lt
BH
W I *l\ „ -1- it'll f&
PAGE   EIGHT
yyr'y^y.:- *'7y'y7'7yyyy r-■y^'y^yyvy yy*  ■  ^.^jy-yy^f-<^^^^./:-\^s''-?'^:,^'iz^%^^^ -"^7'yu%y-y.,;:^?4:"S'-[i^
,"77"'"      y'v'-   r.y'H7yy7'777     -Tyy ,y.V 7 ~y-' -■   - ,. ■ 7---'v-7--7y'?y.,7 ?y7;^, -7 y'^y^^oyyyyTy' 7'' yv- 7^_^7:i,7ri,'S";V;''V\>'y, 7^^S'■'';7 y'"~* if-
THE DISTBIOT LEDGEB, PERNIE, B, C, OCTOBER 7,1911.
it ,-;•«""■
* \\ ,„
The
S
Trading Company, Ltd.
The Store of Good Values
SPECIAL GROCERY VALUES POR SATURDAY
''■'■-■• AND MONDAY SELUNO   .
Meat.of fWheat,Breakfast Pood, 2- pkts for,,- 25c.
Post Toasties, 3 pkt^ for :... 25c.
' Quaker. Oats, 2 pkts for  25c.
7 Split-Peas,. 5 lbs'for .......:....;..  25c.
'.Shredccl Wheat, Biscuits, 2 pkts for ..'  25c7
White Beans, 5 lbs. for ....••.... ".. 25c.
Huntley and Palmer's Biscuits, per lb ' 30c.
Wild Rose'IIoney, 1 lb jars  30c.
Wild Rose Honey, 21/* lb jars ..:...'.  60c.
Floating Bath Soap, 8 cakes for '•;...'  25c.
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins for  25c.
Pearl Hardwater Soap. 5 bars for  25c.
Greenstuff Sweeping Compound, 5 lb tins
each       •• ,... 25c.
• Imported Water Biscuits, 2^ lb tins  40c.
Here and There
- J. G. •W«armowth returned to Macieod on Sunday evening,    7,
John'P. White, President of the U.
M W. of-A;, is registered at the Wai-
doif Jlotel'during his stay in our city.
<.>'      -  - '
Mrs. Arch, Mathleson and young son
are in town,' the guests of Mr and
Mrs. Digby.      p
.- Rev." Dr, Easterbrook , and Rev,
Harkness addressed the Baptist church
people Friday - evening.   -
. Mrs, J, Kirkp'atrick arrived home
on Sunday from Ontario,- where she
visited for three months.
Mrs. M. B. • Winnett' and daughter,
Edna, returned home last week from
Billing, Mont., after a month's visit.'
October, 11th-
Don't Forget!-,-
-Royal Welsh choir!
Mr and "Mrs.. Fred Waters are visitors to the,Spokane Fair this week.7
Charlie' Hunriable is .among Fernie
visitors at ■ Spokane .Fair" this wek..  .
,  Miss Sybil Reading '\i home.' again
after several weeks'.visit at the'eoast.
Saturday,, last day Spokane' .Fair
Special Rate..'. Return Oct. 9th.' Round
trip fare, $11.70,'C. P.. ft    _    7,
The Y. M. A. A. are preparing for a
busy season,"and hope to push-out
the walls of their present'quarters.
'■" All,lovers of good',music will,be
pleased to learn that the famous Welsh
Choir will be in Fernie on the 11th,
Mr and Mrs. N. B. Suddaby arrived
in town on Wednesday's flyer. They
will live on Riverside Avenue, corner
of Prior' St,
DRY GOODS DEPARTMENT
Ladies' Hair Nets with Elastic Bands, large
size, in light, medium and dark brown
Regular, 3 for 25/ . ,    •
, Saturday Special, 8 for 25c.
Ladies' Back and Side Combs,- in plain and
■inlaid, good quality celluloid.
•        . '       Regular, 25c. and 35c.
Saturday special, 12%c.
-'APPLES.—Fancy Winter Stock, Special
Value for Saturday and Monday
$1.65 per boa.
r. .SHOES.—If any of the family require
, Shoes don't overlook the McDougall Bankrupt stock that we are selling at less than
■       ..' -.Wholesale
Mr. G. M, Boyd, manager -Trites-
Wood Co., dry good department, was
taken to Blairmore last week to undergo treatment for rheumatism.0
L. McLean, engaged here with .the
Great Northern Railway, left'on Saturday (to-day) for Vancouver, whew
he will visit with friends for two
weeks. -   > „ '.
'■ With, the advent of, the new fall
styles in millinery-, this office" is getting a new sky piece this week. The
only semblence to the prevailing mode
is that it is conical (Not "comical,"
please.) \        . • • '
Messrs. CoxV and Burgess,- of iCal
gary, were in town early this week'; the
guests of Mr and1 Mrs. J, W. Quiiiiiey.
We" are pleased to announce that
Miss Annie .TWcarmouth Is rapidly recovering from an attack. of typhoid
fever.,-     ... ".   .
WAGES AND
Showing Figures Covering, a Period of Some
Fifteen" Years; 7
' Wednesday next'at tho''Grand Theatre the Welsh Choir; Get your tickets
at once and.be assured a . good seat
and a great treat.        " •     '
What is the' coat of arms of Wales?
A leek odiferant, a goat,rampant, and
a cuckoo,'volant For, further particular's address" Evan ap Morgan,' of
Llam'wr—- (and' forty other letters)
-co goclC or better'still attend tbe
concert given b'y the WolBh Choir, on
the»llth.' "       l    7,
Mr. Edgar Wallace, International Organizer of the U. M. W. of A., with
headquarters at Vincennes, Ind., and
also Charles Garner, of a like capacity
now living at Lethbridge, are visitors
to Fernie. ,•,
Fit-Reform Suits and Overcoats
Made To Measure
A ND they will be made to your liking—we
**   guarantee that.
n
You can make selections from hundreds of the
choiccft patterns of the season—the liandsomeft
effects from abroad, that Fit-Reform alone can show.
You are assured an absolutely perfedl fit—and the
Iwt wwtenchip t'.iat 'lL fe.calcA idiluiing
orgatii^liou iu Cdiiuda can give you.
Let us take your measure for the new Suits and
Overcoats. , ^2
Miss Eosle Wtrtnncvth was the hjs-
tesB of, a!'very select party of young
folks at her residence in West Fernie
on -Thursday evening, in honor of Miss
Carr, private secretary -to John P
White, International President of the
U. M.'.W. of A. '
J. W. Robertson acted as cicerone
lo a party, of,hunters to Bull River
country and hopes to come back with
a few bags of.game (!) (Be sure and
bring back something, James, if it's
only a "tale", for there should be enough of you In the bunch to just clean
"'enr~upl) ,' , > ,    -    "
"DARK HORSE"—DARK HORSE
' Lester (The Cyclone Kid) has gone
down to defeat, and another "White
Hope" Is.blighted; still, do not let the
supporters of the "noble art" lose
heart, as there Is an unknown living
here In Fernie that may prove a winner If ability to take severe, punishment . ls an, essential, as this "dark'
horse" received a kick on, the jaw from
a dark horse, and it didn't feaze him a
little bit. Now what do you think of
that? - For '"further details call up
phone 7-8.    •'
In the first game of lacrosse for
the Minto Cup at, Vancouver last Saturday; the challengers, the Tecumschs
of Toronto, were defeated by a score
of 5 to v0., , To-day's 'game is stated
to be a hummer, and the "Indiams"
hope to spring something. The result will be announced in Ingram's
Cigar Store. ■
Tho social world of West-End
(Fernio) waB quite gay the other evening upon tlio occasion of an entertainment given by a well known young
lady, and although we have no streot
cars nor taxin in this part of our burg,
even those damsels who ln their- ambition to servo the Goddess of fashion
have adopted garments of rather a
close fit can scarcely find fault with
tho gentle elovatlon given to the Bldc-
walk, for wo have no complaint even
from wearers, of hobble skirts.
GIVE YOUR MITE!
I. O. O. F. .
Mount,,FernIe Lodge" No, 47," I. 0. O.
F got off to a good start for the fall
and winter's work on Wednesday even
ing last. , Two candidates took their
first step in the mysterious realm, and
several others are In waiting. ' After
regular business'and degree'work hacl
been dispensed with, the' spacious
lodge/oom was rearranged for a social
evening. ■' -7'A flnfila_f_rjix_oLt]iings_;eaU
By L, G. Chiozza Money
' The general proposition is this, and
I advance It as ■ a challenge to the
Intelligence of 'every thinking" man,
that the workman who obtains ah advance In wages Is a benefactor of his
country and hh-fklnd. -: That this,proposition as not-yet been borne In upon
the majority of those who write matter for public consumption is;only too
clear from a perusal of current comments upon "unrest ln the labor market," : What always amuses me about
these.articles is .that the chief desire
of the authors appears to be'that
things should be "settled." How often
one reads sentences like these:
"We are sorry to say that things
are no nearer'a settlement this morn
"ing. "■' ''       ,",'','■        -;
'   "We are'glad to say that the pros-
' pects' of  a settlement is  a little
brighter, this morning.    , 7
"We earnestly hope that a settle-
t ment will soon be arrived at.
We hope that nothing will be done
by either ijlde to postpone a,settlement." ■
The request or the demand of work
men. for higher wages is rarely or
never treated on Its merits as a matter
in which right and wrong are,lnvolved
and-with which is bound up the progress of the nation as a whole, but as
an^exceedingly uncomfortable thing
which needs to be"'"settled"—It matters not how settled as long as settled,
What, editors and descriptive writers
have to realize is this,- that the .true
progress of a nation is to be measured by the advance in the general standard, of living of its people and'that
if the great mass of tho .workers;—almost the entire nation, that is—are not
continuously securing higher wages
the nation must cease to advance both
actually and relatively to other nations'
Let there be" a just settlement or, no
settlement.   7 - '    '' i,
V
j
<
I
I
\
t
I
I
able jsvas spread, to which some sixty
odd partook, afte'r^which a short Wt
spicy program of vocal selections was
rendered in the usual good voice and
spirit of the'brothers'.1'' Mount Fernie
Lodge boasts a company of entertainers such as is seldom'found in cities
much larger. The prospects of a busy
season in Odd Fellowship In Fernie
is Indeed promising! >
Several visiting brothers were present from Hosmer, as well as brother
Crozler of Floral Lodge, Toronto, Ont.
,, Bolowyve glvo a statement furnished by the commlttoo of the Fernie City
Band Bhowlng a deficit of $155.00,
and ns thoso musicians have given
tholr sorvlccs without individual remuneration for tho benefit of tho citizens of Fernio, it is-sincerely hoped
that duo appreciation of tho same will
bo forthcoming In a substantial shape,
otherwise It will not bo possible to continue In existence
As an asset to tho City this aggregation of vory cnpnble players so well
demonstrated nt Lothbrldgo by tho
award bolng given thorn In a competitive tost of musical ability is of do
moan valuo, honco every effort should
t>o mndo to Avert tho Inevitable outcome of dlshnmlmont, whereby ono of
tho Institutions worthy of ovory support would bo lost to tho town.
Receipts
April—Hy Hulmcrlptlon f  BO.00
The Crow's Nest Trading Ca
May—By Subscription
00.00
Donntlon   from   City
Council  ,,.	
200.00
July—Dy Bubucrlptlon
207.00
Aug.—Dy subscription.'
137.00
DonaUon from Athletlo
100.00
Donation from W. n.
60.00
Monoy mado on  nail
51.00
Prlzo monoy nt Bnnd
kajUH/vUUOH ,,,,,,.,
860,00
<
l
I
I
>
I
11213.50
Expenditure
To ocndlng Sand  to
Competition | 181.50
t'jiid lor umtdiiiis ....     !>&7.00
Salary of Bandmaster
: from Ap. 1 to Aug SI    450.00
Tlent and light       75.0ft
TWHt ,,
Bandmaster's
tor flcptemlw
Ttcntofhall....
salary
1263.60
SO. 00
30.00
16.00
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦
♦ HOSMER  NOTES.
♦ By "Krltlk."
L, P, Eckstein, the Fernio solicitor,
was a town' visitor Thursday.
Ed. Kommer, of Pernio, Is busy build
lng tho chimneys and, doing the pins-,
tcrlng on the new station,,
Dlod, Friday, Sept..,29,—Infant 6on
of Mi1, nnd Mrs, Froil Masw.
Friday, the 2fl'th, three enrs escaped, arid running down .tho lpcllno at
the mlno inflicted Injuries upon three
mon, ono injuries to tho hand, not very
serious; another had his ribs crushed,
but tho most dangerous enso was tho
Individual who was struck on tho hoad
by tho end of a br'okon cable, and is
lying In tho hospital In a critical condition, although tho doctor (May) entertains hopes of offoctlug n rocovory,
Born—On Sopterabor 30 tho homo of
Mr nnd Mrs, James Bonnott was visited by a young lady who Intends to
bo a permanent visitor, Everybody
woll nnd happy.
Mr. B, Vorhaost, of Fornlo, hnn taken
over tho mllkory of Mr. 0. M, Hodley,
nnd In future will cater to the wants of
tho pooplo of Hosmer so far as laotoal
products aro concorned,
Mrs, Stockott and rMs. Wilson loft
on Monday to visit tho Dig: Fair at
Spokane.
Watch for tho announcement of tho
Fancy Hat Social to bo given under tho
ausplcos of tho Ladles' Aid of tho
Methodist Church. Something original and woll worth soetng.
On Monday at tho homo of Mr and
Mrs, Dunbar, a great big 9 lb. boy
arrived to gladden the heart of his
parents. Tho dellghtod fnthor Is easily rocognhod by his particularly Jovial
«xnw»xi«ion
On Tuosdny ln«t MUn Knlty wMvM
a hasty call to Plnoher Crcok owing
to tho shockingly sudden death of tho
sister of her friend at tbo aforementioned place. The deceaiod younir
lady, ftoeomTwnt«»rt t-f mintW ot«t/»^,
only arrived from Hamilton, Ont, tho
Saturday beforo her untimely death,
and wns apparently. In tho best of
health up to within an hour of hor
demise.
Mlis Kelly accompanied her grief-
otrtcken ftl«-rnl on tho sorrowing Journey back Rut aa far as Ifedtclno Hat.
105.00
Total delicti....
I 185.M
FOR SALB-Flve-Roomod Woua*.
altoatfrd *t <\>rn«r of Jaffray 8t txA
Dalton Avonuo. Easy termi to right
party.    Apply. D. Wfllts on lib premla-
,: ."Higher Wages Benefit All
...Not the manual workers' alone, but
every class of workers, Including professional men, traders,: agents, travellers," clerks, teachers, and others are
all vitally-Interested in this matter. It
is a misfortune for so many of them
that they are intellectually spoon-fed
with the arrant nonsense, on this subject which ls printed day by day by
the.Conservative Press. Hero Is Mr.
Septimus Peebles, architect (I hasten
to say, ln view,, of the ass that the
law Is making of Itself in connection
with libel actions'that I do not refer
to any particular Mr. Septimus Peebles, and do not know If,a Mr. Septimus* Peebles ''actually' exists); who
roads Iho" "Dolly" Yolle'r." Ho- roads
In lis "lending" article'that trado ls
being "driven abroad"' by tho "paid
nglthtors" who Incite peaenbly disposed 'Workmen to., rebellion (he never
stops to nsk whether Gorman workmen
"drive trade, abroad" ln similar fashion); 'Ho roads,It out1 with approval
to his wlfo at tho breakfast table and
she'agrees with him that It ls terrible
to thlnk: of tho pass that things nro
coming to, -and that sho never did.
Ho gbOB to town In a second-class railway carriage/ nearly "ovory occupant
of which ls reading a Tory newspaper,
and ovory "respectable" occupant of
which Is filled with' an Indefinable
clnsB suspicion of mon who work with
tholr hands.' Ho really believes himself robbed In his profession by tho
efforts of working mon to obtain a
hlghor wage.
But what la tho truth? Tbo housing question Is abovo all a wages question. It Is qulto Impossible for work-
mon, as they are at present paid to
command with tholr wages such hous
os as by this tlmo ought to be tho
homcB of tho British peoplo. Becauso
workmen cannot command' decent
homes there Is loss of work for architects nnd Mr. Septimus Peoblofl Is betrayed by bio prejudices to doslro the
continued undorpnyraont of tho groat
mass of hli follow countrymen with Its
ovll consequences for his own profession, the tradesman, tbo manufacturer.
Or tako the case of tho shopkeeper.
How ofton we find him filled with the
belief that low wages nre for his benefit, when a moment's reflection ought
to show him that low wages means a
low power of consumption of tho goods
«<, l.~i> U/ At'.'., uv kuutui* at his floor
hunf»rlly T.'fiU!r.jr far i-Movhm. Viliy
do they not como? Why la thero
not a greater demand for boots and
furniture nnd hats and clothes and
Ironmongery and china and glass? Tho
*»«w .'•? »s.:» r.'i:t iU k^: »;» ;*
paid (be miserable balance left only
suffices to buy occasionally a small
amount of the most rubbishy stuff put
on tho market Thira art only a f«w
hundred thousand of r<tafly oeod'eus*
tomara In all out 48,000,000 of psepts.
Or tako the case of the manufacturer. He employs travellers to go to
tbe aforesaid aheptoepcrs to obtain
orders. Why are there not more order* obtainable? Tbe answer la that
berauao the worker* cannot call en the
abopa tbo abops cannot call on tb*
manufacturer*; plant and machinery
A«A*»Ae»A«m<MBB>A«B>A«M|    '.
-.';-'■   ■' 1   -i» i ,-       y.-,£'7   .9    '"
r\.   -.:<"...-or -'-'-.'     "i  ,     •    r- .■■■-.-■ ■.•,■.-•'    •'■'.-•- *.„,   ■ * • = '.'•
,   -.-,-., y-yy .-,".• -,- -  ,--■■"       f-'y.,\',y:  .'-,■*• ••-w.-j;>.
ySTou WilLfiiiidour^t^k the  y;   {7 ■
7 y Best ever shown in Fernie .; yl^
", ■ ■    r      ..'.'».' 7 .■''.,'.' j-,      ,  *- .,.<' •■>". 7.
•This fact should b* Interesting to every-woman'-who Is looking, for -fP 7_ .,-■
the' latest \style. and'fit7;       7-,' ;.-„ '"•'..-   ■'.-"-',.'''■■'      ■7-':; 7 >'7 ^",,
We have given every,garment our.special attention; and-in making' 0    .."■;
1 our selection have studied the latest designs of both-Europe;."and Am-' ^ ■ ■   7
erica,    "■   '°.   ;-'-'        - ■ -',     ;     ,; \."-'   .    ? ,    ,\-^':\'}-  '     '     -v
■,•■-■••       •     .   , ' - .'■        '> • t-   «
■ Many of our garments are Importations -from German, and English  |f,•"
houses, each one ^haying1 .exclusive features,;, and. our, assortment'- of -ij>_ 7,
new Tweed,Coats made by leading" Eastern " manufacturers,   embody  0,
many original features.     They come In a variety of styles' and at   ^     1<I '
prices to suit all purses.   '■>•.'      , "7 \       7        • •' '
,  -,„   ,    . . „       ,••-,-•    ',.■■'.-- - ;,,-• ^ "-y • y 'J ■
1 Grey Herringbone Tweed Coat, full length with large' collar and ■?. -.-
turnback cuffs, faced wIth.K.SJjn0 -,„„ esJ0>^ ni ^ 8;s    ;■   '    '
Very Special   •     ,     $26 50   P
■   ■",-'"     * ? ,. . '''. A ',-
., 1 New Heather Mixture Tweed Coat,, with reverse side of cloth of.?
-; mauve: the reverse being used oncollar and cuffs.     Collar is large-5
and round shape.    Steel buttons complete this very natty coat. ,      \.P
The price Is ,.  ..... ..     $22 50. £ .,
1 Heavy Tweed Raglan, just the coat for driving. High storm collar v     k
which can be buttoned tight to neck.   A strictly tailored coat trimmed £
big fancy belt.     Only one of this coat.      '' ' ' k
The price Is   7     $28 75 Z
7   .      ", a-'  '"       ■•%.''
, ' In plain cloth Coats we can show a variety of." styles, and colors."^.
One very special number is made in Navy Beaver cloth, with trlmm-  A
Ings of silk and braid on'the collar arid turn-back cuffs7    " T
The price of this style garment Is' only „....   $11 50  A
f
, Our Coat of Brown Herringbone Tweed, full.length, lined to waist   J>
with large turn-back collar, and trimmed, plain, cloth to match:  fur-   §
nlshed with large bone buttons. f       , *►  ."
This Is a leader at  '...'.   .'.....•; ; $16 50   §
We have a very large range of Misses' Coats in all the latest styles;   t '.
sizes ranging from 6 to 18 years., - i
A very special'garment ls carried out In both Scarlet and Navy J
Coating, trimmed black braid on the,large square collar and cuffs.      g\ y
This is a very stylish garment and is sure to' be a great favorite. ,5
Prices rang© from. $7.75 for small sizes up to $15.00' for the- larger, 3   s
coats. '-, . •      .   w "'
'"».-'.  L   * - ■"..■;.-■"      ' -        .' ' 4      '
We have to-day.received,a shipment of.the very. latest styles In, £
Women's Skirts.     They cerise.ln blacks and navys, made from choice, J■"'
all-weol Panama Cloths and' Serges and Voiles; also a very choice  2
selection of new tweeds made in the newest fashion's for fall - wear. M
These garments are moderately priced and we can supply ln sizes up "$
. to 84.waist measure.  '   * - ,.,a "    , , ~    9
Black Voile Skirts ( handsomely braided, from $8.00 to $15.00  •
Black and Navy all-wool Panama cloth Skirts, in pretty panel desl-',i      •
gns, in prices from^  ...... '. ...   $6.00 to $9.50       .
Grey and'Brown all-wool-Tweeds and'Homespuns,   lri   stripes and   §
■ heather effects, in prices from.... .......  ,$6.75.to $8.75 ' J>
y-7 ■.:".■'■■ 7.  --    •; ■•■X
TRITESrWOOD CO,|
.' ■ ■ •'," " ■ - 7 7 -;-: Limited^l^^-^1^^^:^^
which ought to .be.busily^ pouring out
commodities. He ■ idle. - The,: manufacturer's management and standing expenses are'running just as though his
factory was on full time. It needs
but the stimulus of higher wages to set
the wheels going • ond, to, economize
costs; ' yet we find the majority of
manufacturers blindly resisting the
application vof the very stimulus which
would give them trade. A, the manufacturer, denies customers to B. B,
the manufacturer, denies, customers to
A. '    ,
Look at the Pacts
Let us set but tho facts as to the
recent comparative progress of wageB
and of prices. The flgureB of the following tabic rest upon Board of Trade
authority: '
How Wages and Prices Have Moved
In 15 Years
,' London
• Wholesale  rotall
•   Wages      prices      prices
Yonr     Index No, Index No, Index No
1805 ,.,. 80.1
1806 .,, 89.9
1807 ... 90.8
1898 ,,. 93.2
1809 ... 05.4
1900 . 100.0 ..
1901 ..'. 99.1
1902 ... 97.8
1901 ... 07.2
1904 ... 9C.7
1005 ,,,. 07.0
1006 ... 98.4
1907 ... 101.8
1008 ... 101.2
1909 ... 100.0
1010 ,., 100.2
Inc. p.o.  Inc.
Movement
In 15 yrs. 12,4   ,,,,   10,6
Lot It bo clearly understood (0 what
the tablo refers. Tho first column,
taking tho year 1900'as a standard,
shows tho wages of tho other years
named expressed as a percentage of
thoso of 1900 for tho following group
of trades; building, coal mining, engineering, textile trades and ngrlcul
ture. Tho second colurrin shows (n
similar fashion tho movement of wholo
sale prices. Tho third column shows
♦he r.^:■',■£^^:;■.,. ;
pr|p*«. tt will bo rwm Ihnt In IP
yenrs, whllo wages have risen little
moro than 12 per cent, food prices
hav« risen by nearly 18 per cent,,
which mean* that real waga*' have ae*
tiiaujt fiiif- t- »».* »«?* ?* j'-r.-f, y«;
obiorvo what baa happened since 11)00.
In that period wagts hav* bean almost
stationary while prices hav« advanced
about 10 par ctnt ^
Lot every reader of these lines cut
out the above figure* and show rh*m
to a* many people aa poaslble. And
lot overy person who haa^he rnal wl.
fare of bis country at heart reflect
upon these figure*. Further, let him
view "labor nniott" (n the light of
theoe figure* and then. If he can, again
speak or write aa thouifh labor troubles
were merely thing* to be "aottlad"
91.0
« . . .
93.2
88.2
. . . .
92.0
, 90.1
....
90.2
9S.2
* . . .
100.8
92.3
....
90.4
100.0
. . . '
100.0
90.9
....
.101.0
00,5
....
101.0
90.0
....
103.2
98.8
....
104.3
97.0
, , « .
103.7
100.5
....
103,2
105.7
f ». »
105,8
102.8
....
108.4
104.0
II.*
108.2
108.8
» , , ,
109,0
c.  p,c,
Inc
,   p.c,
17.0
somehow;,, anyhow, it matters not how,
as long as ,"settlecp7" 7
I end as I beganrby stating that the
general proposition is this—and I advance it as a challenge to the Intelligence of every thinking man—that the
workman who obtains an advance in
wages Is a benefactor of his country
and hit klnd.—Dally News, London,
Eng.7 ', '-V ■ ,„• ;.
Second Hand
Furniture Store
VICTORIA AVENUE N.
Highest Prices Paid
<
For Secondhand Furniture, 8tovos«.
Tools, etc, also Ladles' and Gentle*
men's Cut-off Clothes.
Two-ehilr Barber Outfit for dale.
0. RADLAND, Prop.
Here it is, Waiting for II
itM'iifairfhJNrATiVM wanted at onco-
tar wail. la. juur ideality \viii guar*
antee J2.00 to |3.00 per day. Opportunity to advance rapidly. Will par
liberally for spare tlmo, Work not difficult. Iflzporlonco not roaulred. In*'
i*,.i*viv»>M Uvbta Yt«t%, 'Xoronlo, Ont..
POR niSNTi-Throe-roomod aback. /
unfurnished or partly furnished, an do-'
etrod,   Apply "ft," co., Lodger Office.
       ., , ,   - -.,.7
FOR   IlRVT--fll.T-noom*»(! roncr^W
block hou»o.    Apply/ Wm. MlnWfl,
Ann**. ' H.it
WANTED—A Housekeeper; ,.apply
John Murray, West fernie.      ,    IU
WANTED — A Ctrl tor ««u#r»l
bout* work. Aj-ply, Mr*. Mitr, Ttti*
llrewery. W.f.

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