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The District Ledger Jun 10, 1911

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The Official Organ of District N0..I8..U. M. W. of A.
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Political Unity is Strength
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COAL STRIKE
f 0 DRAG JON
Aii Employer Gives His
: Views on 7-ha Present
7   General Tie-up .7
BIG PUBLIC GATHERING
"■ > -_
smAfe ,C©r©_a_i&E_:Da¥; * New 'Sfbr<_xBft-"Oifd!iinisiiffice Bf .Law i,
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PWC££I)INGSJ0F BOARD AT COLEMAN
A~~l'
•>•»'/
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-. ' "'--, -V   "'■ TT-*"*-* .'  ,-•    ;'•'-■
•- 7 Looking after his various holdings in
;"-tliis province, H. N. Galer,-formerly of
"Spokane,''', but-now of .'Vancouver, and
, one i of- the** best-known'capitalists ,at
', the coast, is in* the -city,*, to-day." ,-   J,
' ': Mi*. Galer wa's. one .of'.the first men
'. to become" interested in the Lethbridge
"Collieries and other.'mines .along the
''Crow's'Nest Pass,* and is still a large
shareholders' in'some? of -the mines.
Mt-is some time since he has been, in
- Calgary,-*arid, last" night he expressed
some, surprise, 'at'- the -^remarkable de-.
> velopm'ent" made by" this ,city - in * the
• past, few years. ■ 77- •* ,"* ~'-\/r;;:
7 , In, commenting-, on-.the-strike now.
' in "progress in the1 Crow's Nest district
J "Mr. Galer stated-that he did not see
-,any immediate prospects ofi a" settle-
-/ ment-being effected, but said the board
;7,of arbitration ^woiild'do'a'lot'to bring
- about a right-condition ;6f affairs7':'_,
..;; ' He. wlll-.remaln in the city for, some
V, days, and .is "a guest, at tthe-Alberta
"-thotelr^f^r;
On Tuesday morning the main street
of Coleman took on quite an animated
appearance as the various individuals
connected with the Board of Conciliation and. Investigation''foregathered' in
front of the Coleman Hotel, at-which
well knowri'.,hostelry the majority, will
make their homes while tlie enquiry Is
in progress..'"7 ,."*'* ■_ r.,y
..Word having'been received by President .Powell, from,-Chairman Gordo.i
that owing-to-an unavoidable, delay he
could riot*reach Coleman until Wednesday, moaning,"-consequently, those," wh<v
-were -directly connected with the Executive Board • of "District 18 spent a
portion, of the day in meeting and discussing various matters of ^interest" to
tlie organization; while ■ the ;othei". gentlemen occupied the time'by'strolling
around and taking-in the scenic* beau-
tie's of'.-the neighborhood.', "   . '"'.'..*.    /*
Rev. C. W. Gordon arrived on-Wednesday morning, but it was 2 o'clock
in' the afternoon -before the .meeting
was called to -.order' in .the' Mlnei-s'
Opera "House,* and as the public wai?
admitted quite-.'a-number, of" citizens
availed themselves'-of.-tne*.oppoi-tun"'.'.y
qf ii: teiiing 4o the-deliberation .     *
7he r*",srd,*.proper.* ronJi-.:. of -'ne
e.i-*__e, f.onfiemen as+'befcu-_7 .hairm-a,
Rev. C. W. Gordon,,of Winnipeg'Colin
Maeleod,'. of Maeleod, .'barrister,-, rcpre-
seritihg,,.the'.Western".. .Coal '.Operators
AssbciaUonKand'A'.''.T.,;Cartef, of Fernie,^ Sectary of District'** 18, U. M. W.
of A.'jacting, on; belialf- pf. the/-mine-
workers with' adyisoryi;.boards"'of -the
'two
*''__'
«£
WINNING
'-'miss*;.
.WITH
''.'"'y$,'
v
,7*'*-'!'
MAX BLOOM
COMING
. •'. '*
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■«"■*»{•-■_
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_> ■*■"** j -,:-y.
. One of the largest musical comedies,
"A Wiunlng'-MIBB," ^,wlth-Max- Bloom
' and' a ■_ large company; ,6f -. sixty...* more
. will'play the" Grand-.Theatre,,' Fernie,
.on Juno 15th... , ; - 7*,-
■ The'predominating features of.this
*"" attraction*are* a frothy and gingery per
** formanc© that goes' with, a dash..with
--■ out a'wait or a drag."' Just one sur--
."prise and'iaugh following on the heels
• * of another with a decidedly refreshing
score composed by; William P; Peters
.and Bbyl'o »Woolfolki'and a permeating
' comedy, atmosphere that leaves one
■ : thoroughly satisfied that thoy havo hnd
(a real night's'pleasure*"nftor tho fall
* of the filial curtain. *  .; ' ..-,' • •
Tho beauty 'chorus are prominent
through tho en tiro, show, with, n fetch-
"Ing doftnoss,, 'artistically. displaying
gowns of,flie latest styles1 and all tho
.'now, creations of the dressmakers' or
* modistes' shop.  -'■
'"   Among tho' many song hits tliat will
bo, Introducod are, "Evo,"' "Tho Land
'•' of To-morrow," "Did You Ever Soo, So
-Many Funny Looking Hats,',a combdy
"flbn*? out of tho'lnto'stylos In mllllnory;
, "Will o' tlio Wlap," with a flro-flyoloc-
trlcnl offoot.tlmt oot nil Chicago talk;
.Ing during this allows nmln.Mmt city,
' "Lovob Scronado," a bnllntl whloh'Is
• usod with rinncoompnnlmont of mnndo-
llna plnyed by ii malo octotto; "Evor-
, grcon Godford,", "Geo, But .-Vou- Aro
Green,' "Dlxlo DnlsloB," with tho Inter-
'J' polntlon of.jill tlio ol^ Soutliom molo*
'■rtlcfi. B\mB by n mnlo qunrturln     All
•tho muBlo will bo honrd to oxcollont
.. ndvnnlngo by a flpoclnl nuKinnontod
' orcliofllra cnrrlod by tbo company,
Don't   Foi'Rot' tlio date—Tliuradny,
Juno 1 Bill,    I •'
parties t to .-"the controversy as
follows1:, P*resldent, Powell,'* Vice-Pres.
Stiibb .' and7 bistrict'Brard'- .Members
Jones 'witli'* whom, are -cOllobbratlng
bistrict .Board': Members.'Lee,' McNab,
and*Smith;*;*while 'for^'the--operators",'
Lewis,"stockett -,of-i'Hosmer, vWilson,
Fernie,,'arid Whitesides, 'Coloman,,con-,
stitute' the" advisory' board. 7 Among
others werenoted Managers'Hardy,', df
Lethbridge,-Brown, of Hillcrest, Shone
of-Frank^' Messrs Diamond, and Pur:
cell are watching the proceedings in
their - capacity of representatives tp
the International and keeping headquarters at Indianapolis fully Informed. , ' . ■•,
' The, -Chairman, In' opening tlie session requested,that.each Bide should
submit.at,onco a list of the mines to
bo visited' and havo the particular
points to which attention.is to bo called In the'various properties visited nil
prepared hi ordor .thntthoro would bo
nouhnoqessavy delays, ,
, When Mr. - Gordon asked If olthor
aide hiid amy q'uostlonfl thoy woro ready
to submit for' discussion, Manager
Whllosldos, of tho International ,ConI
■iind Coko Co., rose to his foe1, and ex-
proasod surprlso, that tho Board liad
como to Coloman nt this tlmo and of
■w Itlch fact tho only Information on
tho subject had boon glcanod from Uio'
statomont mado In tho' District Lodger.   °             '   '    •
Vlco-Prosldont Stiihb-3 snonllonod
somo of tho Biibjoct matter thai llioy
hnd already proparod for pi-CHontn-
tion, but bo fnr oa.tlio oxnmlnntion,of
lndlvldualB woro conoomod Ihoiulit
thnt tho bost IntoroBls could bo Biib-
Borved and n wasto of tlmo averted
by onllln.. upon Wllllnn Ornhnin on
lho stand, bocnu-30 la IiIb capacity nB
soorotnry of the locnl union, lopcolher
wllh IiIh Inllinnto Unowlodiro of 1lio
mlnoB Immodlntoly Involved, lio oonM
fiinilRli In compoBlio nil vlinl Informn*
tion. possessed by the mineworkers;
Stubbs also stated that he_,was surprised that Coleman had been selected, because it was" generally understood '.at
thej adjournment that when the delibera
tions were, resumed tliere would-be a
continuance bf the investigation ' Into
all matters;-pertaining to the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Co., as it affected Fernie' and Coal- Creek, because" statement's would b'e submitted and sworn
to by Manager W. R. Wilson,,aiid'that
these' would necessarily take', prece--*'
dence and be disposed of before "proceeding to' any other camp in. the, district 'affected.^ V . ";**
Manager Whitesides said that' the
differential (bn pillars was a question
wliich'he.desired should be taken'up,
whereupon Stubbs-asked for a ruling
regarding' discussion re differential
as,!'it-was not previously included in
the list ■ submitted. _,     ■>, ,  '
Chairman Gordon'withheld ruling for
the time being, but it1 is expected will
give,;it' later, and ^before" adjourning
stated that tlie meeting would be called to' order again Ton Thursday    at
9.30 -a.m:- and. in the "meantime the
"committee of ,the .two. bodies    might
give. the"*°question  qf .resumption  of
-work pending*'- the.  Board's   findings
earnest consideration.
; When the'-Concillation Board resum-
ed-^its -deliberations at^^O on Thursday-morning'it, was' decided to .still
postpone.-trie ,sessibn, to- enable the
two parties, to formulate propositions
for a- temporary.* agreement^TReports
"in^fhe""afte"_KWi7 received from'^bbth
.parties gave no promise of any'possible* resumption-of operations at this
juncture. \ '"   .      '^ ^ -.  '
' Frank-J. Hayes;-upon *■* his arrival
here' thlsmbfnln*j frorii the Flyer, hav
Ing f come .direct from  Indianapolis;
was met by the Coleman Band, and a
large concourse of the prominent citizens, who escorted him to the Miners'
Opera House, where he delivered his
speech, which privilege had been graciously "conceded to him by Chairman
Gordon:    He Bpoke for fully hnlf an
hour. ' ,. .    .    .
., Mr, Chairman and fellow "mlno workers:   I was rather surprised to bo lcid-
where'^men ,aro unorganized as they
were there they are'.absolutely, at' the
mercy, of the corporations. ■   -■ ,*
My friends there, ought to more in
this life than a mere animal struggle
from lhe 'cradle, to^ the grave; than
the poor house in your old age. * Unless "you have, a .'boy or girl "to take
care of you, that is wbat is ultimately
before you; when^ybu are ho longer
able.to work. To.the men who risk
their lives in the .bowels of the earth
•there ought to'be^a"*higher, standard
of-life than that.'-.I'I believe'that-the;
.time will come when'civilized governments will pension the heroes of these
as "well as the heroes of war, when
•no longer able,' to continue in their
calling. ....(Loud applause.)'' I-.believe
the.workman whose hair has turned
gray in thev service of mankind is reserving- of something better than tlie
pobfhbuse or.^charity" in his old age,
and it Is in a movement of,-this kind
friends, through the agency of this
great labor'movement, of which you
men are a part, when we will have
attained* to a degree of - civilization
which will insure security.of working
in'the mines of this" country; where
human life, will be placed .above the
standard of, the slaver's dollar.' I
hay.e noticed this in .the,mining industry, that, wherever- the miners were
not. organized, or wherever the coal
companies^ succeeded ' in destroying
this great "organization temporarily, it
brought, with it havoc and ruin, and
At the' conclusion of Mr.< Hayes
speech he ,was received with' loud
an enthusiastic applause, the Rev.' C:
W. Gordon, Chairman of the Board addressed the gathering in a:,neat telling
brief speech; and expressed his pleasure at,the opportunity afforded him
to participate'in the welcome to'Vice-
President, Hayes, and to have listened
to so' able a speech, and hoped' they
would reach a satisfactory understanding and that harmony, would prevail.
The Board, resumed itsdeliberations
but up to the time of going to press' no
in that,unorganized state .many min- changes in the situation   had'- taken
City Debentures Sell
At a Good Figure
1    V »*- —i...— ■■-».-1——~.—.—.—.-—■.-.
.1.1 .
Busy Session fpr City Alderman-
Lid is Pried off Treasury
Chest for 200 Bones
napped from the train as I was passing through tliis morning on my way to
Fernie. This demonstration hero Is
a surprise to me. I want* to Bay how
pleased I am with such a reception ns
this, on so short a notice. I expect
to' bo ln ■ Albertn nnd B. C. for somo
tlmo, nnd I want to take this occasion
to say that tho -Internntlonnl Orgnnlza
Hon of tho U. M. W. of A„ numbering
ovor 300,000 mombors, Fa with you men
ln your struggle to secure Ihoso rntOB
and those conditions ta which you nro
ro Justly entitled. (EntliuBlnstlc'
npplnuso.') ',-
It hns evor beon a proud tlilnff to mo
to bo a member of tho United Mlno
Worltorfl of America. I nm a union
mnn by lnliorltnnco, ns woll ns by
Inclination, my .father having boon ono
beforo me, Nand having Initiated mo
Into lho --.rent orgnnlzntlon, ho bolng
Prosldont (jf a Loonl Union nt tho
tlmo T'toolc tlio obllpntlon, nnd lo mo
HiIr movomont, hnn over monnt a gront
donl, I lmvo noon a gront chnngo In
tho condlllbn, of tho IIvob or tlio mlnorn In (ho Unitod Sinloa whoever wo
hnvo flurooodod In orpnnl?ilnK llio men.
I havo noon elinn_.cn from n 18 nnd 14
houi: worlclnR dny lo 8 bourn, nnd I
lmvo noon lliom rlno from wnffOB,
llirouD-.i tlin InBtrlimonlnllty of lliolr
unlonn, to nn extont of 100 por cent,
T lmvo focin thorn, ibroiiRli tho forcon
tlioy oxorclno on tbo polltlrnl flold,
plnco Inwn on lho ntnhito bonlcn of tlio
vnrloun nlntcs tbnt monnt protection lo
lifo nnd limb.' TIiIb nrpTinlzallon Ib a
biiRlnoRB Institution, Whorovor "wo
lmvo Biincopdort In linvlnpr tlio opnrn*
torn fmat. with us fnlrly nnd honornbly
wo lmvo promolod IndiiHtrlnl pnnco.
Wo-do not go Into nny cnunliy to
.".'* .lw>W>, bill, iii maid up.
T hnvo hnd ■•nine*' pv-*(**l--**.<"' In Dn-
non-union mlnlnpr Rpr-Hnn of Hip Unit*
—In' the ' great', labor movement—this
great humanitarian-movement —,,that
we can expect' to- advance step ..by
step until some "day,..we come into pos-
session-of'our.'otyn.- ',    .   J~
If,' my friends, there .was .nothing
to.,liye for, nothing to hope for, nothing to strive for,"why life would not
be worth living!   /But it is because
of ,that hope,,deep down in our hearts,
deep down .in the hearts of .every man,
that ■ this * struggle' Is, worth while. "I
believe, there.}is, within the-heart of
everyvworking •- man -'■ a desire and "an
7imhItIoir~foiniIgbef, prettier,*.and* better'things';, a desire to-have a home
that he can call'his own.- , And what
is-home?-.-.Home, my friends, is an
abode with-joy and light around, where
we may"llve:fa. fromlth'e pains of want
and-the/uncertainties of to-morrow;
where,'w. can live free,.to ourselves,
free .from:.the influences of serfdom,
with a" higher arid better civilization
than has ever been, and we may develop'the .best that Is in us and be "a
people possessed of all the ennobling
qualities that make for a.-better mankind, "and woman kind,* and happier
childhood.     That is the desire;,that
is the home life to whicli every workingman. aspires, and, my friends, we
can-do"it In no other*wny than by
organization;than by standing together, man to man, ,ln order that these
just conditions may be established,.
, Le^mo.sny to you, my friends, that
If tho workman wants to be i-oopocted
lib must first respect himself.   I am
proud of tho? advances mndo by thb
conl minors In this North -American
continent,    I nm-proud that, llirough
thoir organization, thoy have brought
somo sunshjno into tliolr Jives,   and
Into tliolr homos,, , My friends, by
contrnst, you can compare the condition of tlio unorganized minor with tho
organlzod, and ynu will find tha lho
'unorganized minor is littlo hotter than
a chnttol Blavo,    Our organization bna
beon waging a gront fight In contral
Pennsylvania for somo tlmo to oHtnb*
IIbIi thlH orgnnlzntlon.    Tbo minors
ovor thoro In Hint field know what
ll In to bo without a union.    For ovor
twonty yoarfl tbo mon woro unorKanl'z-
od In Hint portion of Woaforn Ponn-
nylvnnln, nnd tho Iron ,liool of greed
cnmo down upon tliolr prostrnto forms.
Thoy woro ovor workod, hnlf stnrvad,
nnd poorly clothed, until finally thoy
cnmo to tho point wlioro thoy roHolvod
Hint It, woro botior lo fltnrvo on top
tlmn bononth llio ground, and so Ilml
gront Btniffglo linn boon on over thorn
for, flftoon month*',
My frlondB, wlion you find a spirit
ers*have been murdered (I „iay say it
is a proper term), and there is an economic reason' for that; that is, that the
human life is .he cheapest consideration in the world's market to-day;
cheaper than props; cheaper than mules.' and in non-union mines if a miner
attempts to" assert ,his rights— attempts to call upon thes company .to
spend a few dollars in order to protect his life and limb—he is discharged,, and so they work on.
.
Hundreds
of'.them are sacrificed on the aPar
of raTeei!''by explosions, whereas in
tho union-mines, where the,men are
banded together; where they can stand
up.for their rights;--where they respect, themselves, through the, agency
of thei. organization, they are able
to^secure,the, protection which the law
give's them',' and they can call'* upon
those in authority without fear of be-
-"-" -"-  "    -"-     ' -' -    -       *.Wc
place. ,'_.* "'-*■* *
The Board expects'to come to Fernie
during the ensuing week.     .;_,'.
GYM   BOYS'  EXHIBITION
The Gym boys promise lis another
treat on- Coronation Day, further that
the .price of admission will be—nothing, so most'of us wil be able to
gain admission. The lads have made
great progress and we* are promised
such an" exhibition,as will make the"
once famous Craggs look like a kindergarten class. _ Our Bert will be there.
HILL BUYS
A RAILROAD
Acquires The Charter of
The!-Albert. Pacific .
So Report Says - ■
BASEBALL
iiis discharged', and say to them -
'd€slre^"these^*"!aws to be~ enforced."
Statistics prove, that the loss of life is
far less' In the .union mine's than ,in
tlie non-union mine's,,and it is because
of those forces oMhls great organization -that tbey are* able to secure the
protection.-•.■»•*.-■■"    -. ■;   ..' '       -•■■*«
-, >  •-        , .,-     • ,'
Now, my friends, I am not going to
talk "to you  any longer.;' "I expect
tb^addres's you' at, a later date, when
I have, become more familiar with the
situation, and wltli the condition's In
Alberta and B. C, when I have been
here- a little longer, and  have hnd
time to'get my bearings. I expect to
be able to, Interpret tho situation more
In detail,. and more thoroughly.     I
wish to sdy before I concludo, thnt I
have always boen a believer ln International-Unionism.    I believe this,
nnd lt has always Jieen my conviction,
tlmt tho, working people of nil countries are, brothor, and that It Is but
nn Imaginary lino that divides our
Canadian mlno workers from tho mlno
workors of tho United States,    nnd
whon tho working pooplo of tho"world
como to realize thiB, thoir strength
will bo Invincible; llioro -will bo no
cfoogrnphlcnl lino' of demarcation be*
twoen tho natlonBliocnusotho workers
of nil countries will rocognlzo' that
tlioy nro brothers to onch othor, nnd
fight togotbor ln a common cnuno.   It
Is bocniiRo of thin division In tlio rnnk**
of lnbor tho world ovor Hint tho enemies of humanity hnvo siiccoodod oft-
times In diverting oiir noble nn-.! Just
nlm.    Thoy lmvo divided us upon economic nnd  pollllcnl fields, nnd  by
that (Ilvorgonra thoy hnvo fliicroodod
In dividing an.   Tli-py lmvo arrayed Cn-
thollc ngnlnfil Protontnnt.j Trlnh nirntnnt
Gormnns: ltuilionlann ngninst nnllniis,
nnd so on nil down tho lino, bocauso
thoy ronllzo full woll Hint In nucpood*
ln.f In dlvldlntT lnbor on tbo political
nnd Industiinl flold, no inn.r cnn llioy
ftlm mnBtorp) (rliimpli nnd Ifcc.** Mm
worlrnr-i In a slato of porfdom,   "Tint I
nm Rind fo Irnow Hint lnbor (ho wohlo
world ovor'rnnnot onlv he np'pr-nlrd tn
nlong tbo llnon nf rrr-id, or nloiif. tbo
Intermediates, Win
On Wednesday morning at 11 o'clock?
a noisy'jovial crowd assembled .on the
recr_eatio_Lgr_6.un'd-for— the-purposa—nf-
witnessing' a baseball match between
the Intermediates and a team selected from the employees of the'Nor*h
West Amusement Co.    The local boys
to the great delight of-the onlookers
simply played all * around their, opponents,  winding'"tip ' the  game., with  9
runs to their credit as against 4 obtained by the"other fellow's,.
'" Don't forget the Blairmore Baseball
team'will try conclusions with'the Intermediates on the Fottbnll field Sunday next at 2.80 p.m.
'.
. .CALGARY luno 6—Tbo Herald says *'
rt"v.*.i:-: learned on goodlauHiorUy that
Dm charter for the Pinch ii* Ci-c-'k ;
Cnrdston.and Montana ra>,h*oil ■*,*'•?•?•
QiiciiTly called tlie Alberta and Pacific
ry-vry, has heeu sold* to the Cica'*
_ ■*•_ tl-frn Railway company, wnl :h is
.th- Jini Hill lire " It is uudersUKd
tiiai "construction work .vill be cor.v
ia-._iced.oii the line'immediate.-,*.'
I v-acquiring tl.is charter, .whln-'i jim
ylcc-f -■ for_ a. nar-'.h and sor.n lino c.-.n-
nec'ting^ with the transcontinental line
of the Great Northern in' Montana,
entering ^Alberta, crossing the Canadian Pacific Crow's Nest Pass line and
passing on as far as Calgary, the Hill
interests will have access to .Canada.
By an agreement with'either the Canadian Northern - or the. Grand, Trunk
Jl^cLflcJihfLAmerlcan^road-will-be-eri1"
abled to engage'ln the handling-of'the,.
harvests ofthe Canadian ^west. which;
are destined to find their way to,the
raairkets of Europe via the Pacific.
Application was made at Oottawa recently for "a. charter for a line to be
.known, as the..Dominion Pacific Railway company, but it, .'Is not generally
supposed that this has any connection
with the,,Hill Interests.,"   ■ ,, "" -
THE CELEBRATION
. From present Indications and tho.en-
orgotlc. manner ln which flio various
committees aro devoting themselves lo
their rospoctlvo tasks, there Is no
doubt,that the 22nd of June will see
a tremendous gathering from nil pnrts
of tho neighborhood, thereby assuring
an unqualified success, of tho Coronation celebrations.
GO-TO THE FERNIE
OPERA HOUSE TO-NIGHT
CALGARY   INDUSTRIAL
EXHIBITION
Everybody who 1ft Interested In llio
doings of fnr-off lands nro urged t«
attend tho Travelogue descriptive of
Jack London's famous trip In his amnll
bont "Tho Snnrk,* which will bo glvon
to-night .(Friday) In tlie Fornio Opora
House. ThlH mothod or Imparling
•knowledge will bo fnr"mora Instructive
and onlortnlnlng tlmn tho parusal ,of|on Juno Ifi'tli.
Hio onllnnry, school Kt-ognipliy, mid
will bo oducatlvo nllko to both young
nnd old.
$29,000 aro offered In prizes and purses at tho forthcoming Cnlgnry Indus-,
trlnl Exhibition to lip held at Calgary
Juno 30th to July 7th, and ln addition "
to this, freight transportation is pnld
by Hie Exhibition Co. on nil exhibits
originating In Albortn, In addition to
a splendid display of Ilvo stock and
tnchistrlnl exhibit 8, tho, bost .program
of nttrnctlons over poon In Cnnndn
west' of Toronto has boon provided,
nrd It Is expected thnt.fully ono hundred thousand visitors will attend tbo
o'.lil'ii-.oii. Almost cvoryuio will bo
Interested In Hie dally flights of Stro**
hoi's Aeroplane,- nnd tbo domonslia*
tions of tbo moiio-rnll cur, to sny nothing of tbo fireworks, music nnd other
nttrnctlons which nre lho best Hint
nionvy cnn secure,
Prlzo lists can bo bad on application
to tho mnnngor, 13, L. Richardson, Victoria Parle, Calgary, nnd ontrlos closo
CITY COUNCIL
I A mooting wiib bold In tbo Council
Obnmbor on Thursday night, Mayor
nioiiBdoIl at his post, tiBslBtod by Aldermen Wallaco. flrnhnm and ItoborUon.
The mlnui-j-H of tbo prnvloua mooting
road and ndoptod.
Appllcntlon from T-lrlckson and Dahl
to cut posts In City Park was rocolvod
. and refused.
Flro Chlof McPougnll'8 roport for
month of May rend: "_ Ix alarms answered, throo of thom fnlso nnos."
A numb-ur of accounts woro pnasod
nnd ordorod paid.
llko Hint, you find n spirit Hint mnkos*IIiioh of Imnnlnnry patriotism, but Hint
for omimlwitloii; Hint mokes for tun-flioy hnvo1 realized lliolr Intorosts nre
uplifting of tho working   .nssos.     I (llio snmo tho wholo world nvor; tho
wnnt'to sny Hint this gront lnbor movo* j r-nnsn Is onn cnuso of humnn brother-
ment'onnnot bo cniHbcd,    Donpllo nll.liood, nnd thoy nro going to slnnd
tho claims of our opproBsors,    this Hhouldor tn shouldor as ono mnn Inn
movomont Is dosllnr-d to llvo nnd toicommon  cnuso,  fl«litlng lho buttles]
go on nnd oii nnd up until that gront mf truth nnd •.iiT-Mec.     Tn -tim ■■■•«•< ■»*>'
iiiij* nniv'-m* wlion tlioro will bo no po*|of Ihnl  aront  TOuron-Min  pbl1o«n*ob*nr I
nil} Ju lldt, xmuIiI, Imi a nmioii of/'Worklua mon of nil rnunlrlr-s unit*'!
fiw> mon ii ini fron wonifn, bnuklim  in, You lmvo nntliln. to loso but  votir
Quito a numbor of our rIHzoiis nre
irnlncr down lo Blnirmoro to try lho
going down to Hlnlrmoro to thy tho
-nrflcnny of llm walorn ot lho rniillor
"THE BARRIER."
„ This dramatlzntlon of Hex llonch's
play of llko nnmo wns the f onl uro nt
llio Grand .Thoatro last Frldny night,
nnd considering lho stnto of iiffnlra
I existing, wor well put ronl zed, (hunks
lum nn n ni(-ntlvo for rlioumntlsin nnd largely  to  tbo  supremo offorin put
kindred complaints. for--, ))y *|,0 ndvoi-ilHlng nRoni.
Doubting Thomases
Should Take Notice
od Slntos, nnd whorovor nnn-unlonlsm i tlui nunllsrlit of «*»>«rnnl tnilh and Ju.v, chnlns,
.N'uuv-c imi luutioii H) DO l-rOUKIll. up
noxt mooting regarding regulations of
traffic, Btroots nnd nldownllcs. '
Court of Revision will bo hold July
10th for lho purposo of receiving complaints ro, assessments, Tills body
will rmxnlet of the Mayor, Aldermen
Robertson, Wnllnc-o, Graham nnd Mclntyre,
Grant wns mndo of $200 to tho Athletic Association for Iho Coronntlon
colnhrnflon,
Cnnndlnn T),obon(iiro Corporation
of Toronto, mado offer of &7.2B and nc-
rrucd !n(ci*cj(, for tiU-'AlO dubonUireh,
*27,o*.0 sanitary sowors, and |l,M0 flro
(imriiiH,    Offer arroplnd,
Is found, whorovor tho minors nro not
organlzod, yon find Industrlnl slavery,!
Tn i)in r.:ir.<r» -V.y.'.y, U V,V*1 Vh^.uU
and floulh TonnoHRco not so vory long
*ngo I witnessed mlnorrt working 12 nnd
14 hours a day, and tho wngo bnroly
sufflclont to koop body nnd soul to*
gothor.    Thn minors In Ihoso fields
havo not nny rlBhts tlmt, lliolr om*
ployers nro compollod-to respect, Tlioy
havo no powor which Hir-v nrt* com.
polled   lo   rcrognlzo.     Thoy   treiit
lliom llko   children, nnd T romombor
ono Instance In a non-union camp In
Tonnossoo, wlioro one of tho' bosnos
cnmo (o 'thn houso of n air-it Ilnllnn
who wns unnblo to work, nnd drnnnrod I
blrn out of his bod nnd lold lilm to put
on1 his r-TofboR nnd go Info flio mlno,
nm! tho poor fellow hnd to go. berniig'-,.
tlco.    I look forwnrd to tlio tlmo, my -/nln!"
but you  hnvo lho  world  to
(Loud npplnuso,)
No Guess Work With tho Intern
lional and its Support to
District No. Eighteen
rt.
ft**
MAKING SURE 0_    PARLIAMCNTAhV HOLIDAYS
During tho tlmo Hint lho Cnnclllo-
tlon Honrd wnH adjourned Sorrolnry
A. .1. Cnrter mndit n flying    trip to
liomlriiinrtoiH nt Indlnnnpolls, whoro he
waa In coiiKiiliinloii with tho Exc-i'iili*. ."-j
Cornmltloo nf tho II. M. W. ot A„ _m.J ,'
front whom ho brings bnrk IIiIIiirs tlmt '
the orgnnUnllon in ulth Disirilt-t 18 In
tlio presonr Binigglo, both flimntlnlly!
nnd morally, further corroboration and
omplmsls reailifd him on Mn
'Mi lithtiintctl by the f.-lognuu hei*.'v|(l
l _o«lure.!.
Incllan-ipolls, June G, 1911.,!
A, J. CARTER, Secy.,  District  18,'
Colemnn, Altn.i
Rest aimurod that tho International organization it with you In your
ntnitttjlet. Am Icavln-j for Oritlih
Columbia to-day,
HUNK J, HAVbb*
Vlce-Pret,, U. M. W. A.
fl in in bo li.,|--*l fbnt thn croakers
whom \,-|«li In father in tho thoughl ro-
hMrillng lhe Intertintlonnls Inck of sup.
)«ort. will bo (iiijipli.tfl) kUcii-".')! now,
itlthtittf), "„•,-. !;;l0 on*,* ,juuu," .t» k.i.-M.
return [<inf»»rlnnate»nreof ho lilllnij' n tempera
' iii-ul  i/-v. .■*,•*lieu* thnl  thev enn only
i tiff the holo lmt never note **),**• «*«,
I iHlfix •> of tho iloiighnui.   < M-iV   *>..
* *.'_?'
IS.
5*1    _■•-***-       it" r    _■-<    ^*a.      Jr.".*"-*, T , ^* v _.     l-.
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&$_^"..-^^^ >
-    <.'."..-..     .   ** .-   .      .->,>.., -f     a       l,.",     ..":...-..,. r    f>J       -,,_=,,,     s .'_* ,
..--.:»,*•-'.-*.. »7-,'   .--,*-.- • ""-„;■ ,*•" *"-'-"-*.?"?•■ 51" -',-•.'•"•V-.;!. .*-.'.." 'i
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PAGE  TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,. I'ERKIEV B. C, JUNE 10,1911.
What Are
YOU Wortii
From thi
NECKl
UPl
****i«.ft.V*A;.A*'^^
»^¥¥,»¥¥¥¥*»¥¥¥¥¥*¥VYVV¥¥¥¥-
m
-¥^^¥¥^¥¥*»^^-¥*¥¥¥¥¥.¥¥¥»¥¥*¥^»-_¥4¥^i
It Is estimated that
"the average man ls
worth 82 a day from
the neck down—what
- is he.worth from the
, neck up*
That depends entirely upon trninlnc
' It you are trained so
that you plan and
direct work you aro
-worth-ten times as
much as the man
who can -work only
under orders.
The IrUmstlonal
Coimgondtnci School I
(TO to the man who is
strufixllng alone on
1 , small pny and say to
him, ' .Vo will train
you (or promotion
, rieht where you arc,
or we will quality
you to tnke up a
moro conccnlal line
'ot work at a much
hlcher salary."
Every month several hundred students voluntarily'
report advancement
as the direct result
of I.C. S. training.
You need not leave
your present work,
or your own home.
Mark this coupon at
once and mail it.
INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOLS
Box 799, Scranton, Pa. :
Please explain,  without   further obligntlon on my
part, how 1 can qualify lor a4a.gcr salary and
advancement  to the position   belore
which   I   have marked X.
Ad Writer
f Architectural Dnl tamer.
Show-Gird Writer      . ''
Structural Engineer
Window Trimmer
Structural Draftsman
Civil Sirvloa Exams,
Contractor and Builder
Ornamental Designer
•-■"ortolan -Plumber
Mechanical Enflln.sr1
-Civil Engineer
Meoltafllcil Drifts mar,  .
. fl. fi. Comtiuctloi Eng.
Fort-man Machinist
Electrical Engineer
Mn-ilrg Engineer       '
Electrician
Chemist
Power-Station Supt.
Bookkeeper        .      t '   "
Architect
Sten.gmpner
a, Name.
♦ Street and No..
* City
."Stale-
*    -."A __,._.._,
♦   ♦•♦♦♦••♦♦*»»»-<.»•.•.#»-,♦
TYPHOID    FEVER   .
Of Importance at,This Time of the
Year
Typhoid fever returns show fifty-six
<*-
deaths during the year. ,   This is too
"' jhigh.-and when we know the1 disease
results from carelessness, it is deplorable to see such disastrous loss' among
■*"""o"ii"r"p"eopi ei—Th e~typ iioid~ge rm*Hvas"
discovered and isolated by Bbertli,
proved:
lst. That it is- the one and only
cause of the fever.
2nd. That it cannot' develop spontaneously. , ,       -M
3rd. That its propagation and multiplication are practically confined to
the intestines and bladder.
Years of experience have confirmed
Eberth's announcement, and although
we have such a clear and definite ex
position placed before us, yet we fail
to ileal with prevention In accordance
with tlio demnnd of such plain facts.
Everyone now knows that the great
channel bf conveyance of the germ to
man Is water and milk, yet Dr. William Osier tells us that "Typhoid bacilli do not nnturaly Inhabit wator or
milk"; nnd lt Is now accepted that the
propagation and multiplication of tho
typhoid fover germs nro confined to
the system of persons 111. with typhoid
fover. Is it 'not, then painful to note
tho Indifference of tlio public ln neglecting to demand efficient handling of
typhoid fever cases? ■
* A person suffering from typhoid
fever Bhould, when poBRlblo, bo confined to hospital, or bo cared for by
a trained nurse, . nlllng this, an attendant should bo selected who does
not nsttlHt In preparing food for tho
rest ot tho lio\isoliold, or assist In any
of tho common housework outsldo of
' the sickroom. The- attendant should
woar a light ovordroBs which can bo
changed and wiisliftl frcr-ii .illy. Re-
mom boring thnt tlio Infection may bo
convoyed by (lie bunds, sho should
■wash hor hm_.li* carefully boforo loav-
Iim tlio sickroom or nftcr handling tho
pntlont or lipildlng.
Tho typhoid germs aro convoyed
•cl'lofly by tho bowel and blnddor ills*
charge with n lnrgo quantity of com-
(■nrefully dlslnfoctod. This Is nulio
-ofric'l'-iitly dono by mixing tlio iHh*
chnrgo wit ha lnrgo fjnnnllty of common _nkf*d llrno or with thro*? HmoH
Hr bulk of 1 In 20 carbolic acid solution, nodding nml clothing should bo
Ronko.l In carbolic field solution, 1 In
20 for two hours, or bichloride of
mercury, 1 ln 1,000 solution, ntul then
boiled. nod-punt* and urinals Bhould
be washed with a similar disinfecting
solution and a little of the -solution
lfPt In th«m wlion not In tin-**-.
.Urn.
Evory effort nlimil.5 bo mndo to kopp
■away fllo* from tho patlont'u room.
They light on fno-rnl mntorlnl nnd on
■urine.    Thun tliolr mtvny logn become
V\lm-..l...*Wii, 4...U 'iL-tu *___*i'_   <!.,...i. _ *_.._,
milk nnd othor foods Infection foi lown,
nnd whnt tho mult mny bo no ono
cnn foretell. If po_.__lt.le, the win-
-down ehoiiM be srrecnml, but If fll-*****
do xet Inlo tho room every effort
Rhould lio mndo to denlray ihem.
Tho nbovo nuggeittione utrlctljr r»r-
rtt*d nnt will pr«v .if thi* wrm trnm
ouU'iim the uyalam and elarDim tbo
illiea* . elthrr by direct -entry or
tbroutth the medium of water. U tt
not, th«*n. a r'mtonable demand that
»il! -^-mme In thtrfA *ti lyt^btAd t*v«r
ranee net wtrlrtl. In »«*rord»nr« with
rulft* UM -4o*n?—Report of Mcdlnl
Officer lo ProvIncInT nonnt of Tff.iltn
-  The question*of 'earthing' or1 ground
ing' electrical systems in mines-has
been rather hotl discussed both in
r.K'(t ugs of the Association of "Minim*.
Electrical Engineers. It is 'now very
much better understood than it was
some years backl "Earthing' was supposed to be taken literally. In "America they use a very* much better expression, "ground." "Earth" or
'ground" was taken literally. It was
supposed for lustance that if you drove
an' iron* bar into tlie ground near the
face, you made efficient "earth." As a
rule yoij did nothing of .the kind. To
understand the rationale of 'ground,' it
may be as well to refer back to Its
use in telegraphy and telephone work.
It has disappeared from use with the
telephone service, because of tho interference of messages with each other, which the ,'ise of 'ground' introilu*.'-
eil This perhaps will help'to illus-
tf i**} tho difficulty of 'earth' tn ?onr.ec-
tion with safety 'nm shock in-mines.
Willi telegraphs, for Instance, where
a viiti was employed Cor Mi^nallins between New York nnd rittsburg, say.
v.*U. small, were rJ'. .weJ to find-their
froni Pittsburg tb New York, and from
New ■ York to Pittsburg, by way of thc
'ground.' A connection was made usually to the water service In New York
and to the water service in Pittsburg
and the telegraph currents, which were
very small, were allowed to find their
way back as they could.- In some experiments that were made in the United Kingdom in the early days of thc
'telephone, it was found that the" return
current from Manchester to London,
for instance.* sometimes went lo'iml
by way of Glasgow. For telegraph
work' it did .not matter a bit how the
current travelled, so long as the apparatus worked. With telephone work
thc 'ground' forming the commo'i ie-
turn and recelvnlg the currents sent by
different subscribers often carried a
number of other subscribers' messages
to an Individual telephone receiver,
very; much to the user's annoyance.
In the very early days of electric
light, 'ground' was occasionally employed for the return current, but It
was only, in very rare cases -that it
could be so used. An instance that
occurred i'n the writer's experience will
perhaps illustrate the difficulty. " An
arc light had been fixed on a dock
head, the generator being In an engine
the light had been at work'.for- some
time; it was found necessary to move
it farther from the engine,, and there
not being 'sufficient cable for, the purpose, recourse was had to 'ground.'
One end of a cable was attached to an
Iron bar and dropped' Into the dock
and the .end of another cable was attached to another iron bar, and dropped Into tho dock,,the circuit belns? so
arranged that the water In th'o dock
formed a part.   The light .worked fairly weir when the dock was full of wafer
but when the dock was empty, it would
not work.    The resistance of the dnmu
mud through which the return current
had to pass, wns so great that the
current wnB reduced below tbo figure
nt which the lamp would operate,   A
Blmllar set, of conditions rules in most
mines.    , It Is quite easy to obtain
good connection with 'ground' on the
surface.     The engines usually mako
good connection with tho ground. Tho
hollers   nre   usunlly   connected   -to
somo water   supply,   which ,,Is 'good
'ground'*In Itsolf,    But whon It comos
to maklnc 'ground' ln tho mlno It ls
a vory different mnttor.     At tho pit,
bottom thero Is,.usually a sump full of
water, receiving the drnlnn.ro of tho
sliflft, and good 'ground' cnn bo obtained Ihoro.    At Iho faco., howovor,
It Ih almost nn nccldont whothor thoro
Is good 'ground' obtnlnnblo or nol, nnd
mont frequently thoro ls not.    In ordor that good "ground' shnll bo obtnin-
ed at the face, it IeTnecessary to make
good connection with the. ground at the
face, and;'that.-the - electrical resistance offered by the stfata-between the
face Where connection with "the ground
is made, and the sump or the surface,
or wherever the other "earth" connection Is made shall,be very low indeed.
If the contention of the advocate;?-of
armored, cable is to hold good, the resistance of the 'groundfpatli must be
sufficiently low to pass" a current that
will operate the circuit breaker, or
the fiise, and cut off the cable, when
the armor becomes 'alive.' In the
great majority of mines, the electrical
resistance of* the strata varies ..enormously. . ' " 7
■ The- investigations into the complaints about the electrolysis of pipes
laid in the ground, owing to the stray
currents from electrical tramway services, have disclosed the fnct that the
electrical resistance.of the substances
forming the earth's crust varies'very
much/ In a great many cases the
conducting power is almost directly in
proportion to the quantity of water
held by the strata. Porous waterbearing strata will have a low electrl*
cal resistance usually^ while close non-
water bearing strata will have a high
resistance. Strata, which *- contains
metals will have a comparatively- low
resistance, and vice versa. The strata
themselves vary in the, resistance 'offered. In addition, to this, it is a
very difficult* matter'■ to obtain good
electrical connection to the'*strata.
Even with telegraph and telephone
\j*ork, the obtaining of good 'ground'
used to be a. very, troublesome affair
at* times. ' , iri" dry weather, for instance, a telegraph apparatus might
refuse to work because the connection
to -.'ground' ,w,as so bad, owing to the
absence of moisture in the soil in
which the 'ground* plate was buried,
that the current necessary to work
the telegraph apparatus would' uot
pass. At the face of the coal-it is
particularly difficult to obtain^'good
connection with the strata.' In a large
proportion of cases the strata underlying tbe coal seams are of clay,', and
clay offers a comparatively high electrical resistance and is difficult to
make.connection with. - It will be seen
from the above how very complicated
the question of the use of 'earth' or
'ground' is, when it is properly con-
sidered. '  ■     '■'*'.* '_	
How Ground Protects From Shock
"*   **■ o
The principle, underlying the protection of men from shock by the use
of ground is as follows.- As s'tated
above, when men get shocks when
some part of the body touches a' conductor, between which the 'ground' on
whicli they are standing a certain difference of pressure exists. The pressure required to kill differs, as already
explained, with different subjects, but
it* is clearly established that a pressure
of 150 volts alternating/ either between
tho hands, "or from ono hand to tho
feet; or a pressure of 350 volts continuous, from hand to feet, or from hand
to hand, will kill. A man receives
such a shock and places himself in a
position to receive lt, whon standing
upon the (ground' of a mlno road say,
.or standing perhaps upon tho rails,
and ho touches a conductor forming
part of tho electrical power service,
or hnvlng a connection to tho electrlcnl power sorvlco, as explained
abovo. If all conductors that' It Is
possible for workmen to touch aro made
to asstimo, the samo pressure as tho
'ground' upon which thoy Btand, it is
obvious that shock will bo Impossible.
For Instance, tho armor of a cable becomes 'nllvo,' by making connoctlon
with tho conductor lt Is protecting,
and If It Is nt tho snmo tlmo in connection with tho 'ground' upon which
a man !» standing ho may touch It,
but cannot rocolvo a shock.    Incldon-
BoyleWoolfolk,
Presents ^^EM/Musical Comedy
INNING
ISS
CKKtfAl! '   nil inn .TV
__r_j^%/11//7 VIJ1C/1UU
!/°g.inaL,,_S
^0tF_odudion
!,Q0.0
AT THB ORANO THEATRE, THURSDAY, JUNE 18th, It'll.
tally it may'Jbe remarked here, .that
it is very difficult indeed, even when
good 'ground' .Is"*obtained,:to be sure
that the pressure of.'an'armorlthat lias
become ''alive,', is exactly the" same as
that of the 'ground' upon, which ;men
in the'neighborhood- stand.-, '-{it is
usually! possible,*} however,' to reduce
the difference of pressure between-th'e
'ground'.arid the live, armor below'the
danger point, so; tliat a.man who'happens to touch the armor; only receives
a slight tingling" shock that "does him
no harm.
The difficulty" In the way of making
the armor always at the same'pressure as the 'ground', lias been explained above, and different methods' have
been adopted in the United Kingdom
for1 overcoming lt: The most, promising in the writer's opinion is one that
has been Introduced in a large colliery
In South Wales. An old wire rope
has been carried down the shaft, and
along the roads'to'wherever a cable Is
fixed, and wherever an electrical apparatus is at work. ■ The armor of the
cable Is bonded to the old wire rope
at frequent Intervals, and when falls
occur, the armor ori both sides-of the
fall is Immedlately'bbnded to the rope.
The rope „is laid on the floor of the
mine, and; allowed to-make as much
connection with the body of the.mlne
as it can. In the particular colliery, it
happens, to'be, a very well, managed
one, there are riot many falls/and there
fore there are not many cases of broken armor.' '    ' ,'
1 Two,points are of importance, however, iri connection with this matter.-
Any old' wife rope}willnot do.' Mining engineers knowtl^at ln the older
forms of -wire rope, in'whlch a certain
number of wires were twisted together
in one direction to form a strand, and
a certain number of strands were laid
up.together in the opposite direction to
form' a rope, the individual wires' came
'to the surface of the rope at certain
intervals,' and as the rope wore they
were rubbed through. The consequence-was that,an old rope^was made
up of a';number of short lengths.of
Individual- wires held together by the
twist~.of the rope. Electrically speak-
,ing','>thei'only connection between the
individual wires was from surface . to
surface,-and as- wire-ropes are.lcept
well grease'd, and dirt" penetrates' to
a large extent between the wires, the
.connectioni.betweeri—indlvidual—i-wires-
by this path-was not a good one. The
electrical resistance' therefore of ari
old, wire rope* of' that type might* be
very high. Indeed,; and it was only hy
using very'large"'ropesi that'in the
very; early days of electric lighting, an
eminent mining engineer in the United
Kingdom was. able' to, utilize his. old
wire ropes in place of conductors. The
modern forms of wife' ropes, however,
aro very different. Inthelocked-coll
rope,"ln, the rope made on- what ls
callod Lang's lay, and In the flattened-
strand rope, the wires -"wear very evenly, and an old ropo when It. Is taken
out of service for haulage of winding,
will not have a, very high resistance,
becauso tho Individual wires are -making good connoctlon with each other,
arid there aro not many wires rubbod
through. With' old wlfo ropes of this
kind, tho plan mentioned above will
answer vory woll, providing that careful connection is mado to it. And this
Ib tho second point that tho writer
would doslro to call attention to. - —
' Bonding requires to bo dono with
groat caro, Tho old wlro ropo must
bo cleaned for several Inchps at least.
It should bo rubbod quito bright with
ornery cloth, and all visible dirt removed. Connoctlon to tho armor of tho
cablo that Ib to bo 'grounded,' or to
switch boxes, otc, may ho mado olthor
with a coppor or nn Iron wlro, A cop-
por wlro will be host, becauso It .can
bo moro onsily wrapped nround tho
wlro ropo, nnd around tho nrinor, but
wlioro coppor wires nro uboiI. tho bonding should bo iiiBpoeted from tlmo to
tlmo, as olootrochomlcnl action will bo
uot up botweon tho copper and tho Iron
tending to dostroy tho connoctlon. A
coppr-r wlro nlso will nnBWor bottor
bocniiRo lt has a lowor resistance than
on Iron wlro of tho samo slzo. In
olthor caso, whothor a coppor or an
Iron wlro Is used, It should ho wound
vory tightly around tho wlro ropo for
2 IndiPH or moro, nnd tho nrmor of
tho cnblo Hhould bo troalod In exactly
lho Film*** wny, It should bo clonnod,
nnd Uio bowling wire should bo wrnpiv-
r*d n mn ml it for nt IrniHt a couplo of
Inchon," Tt In of Importance thnt nil
Hwltch Iio'u-h, dlHtrlbutlon boxes, electric mnlor cnaoB, and nny plpo or fltt*
Ing Unit If* lined lo protocl wlroa, lamps
or olhor nppnrattie, should also bo con-
r-octod to tho 'ground' cablo.  The con-
•Wnrllon cnn tin vtittdn -t-n ♦b/«"«rtm-» WAV,
hv wrnpplng n wire nround the old
wlro ropo, hut connection to the switch
box*, otc, nhould be by means of lnrgo
flf'tlieruled screw* thai can bo well
tlKhionod down.
In n-nr.-i-h.-r rolll**nr In flmith Wales,
another method hns beon adopted.
KaIIr nro provided Aftslnit by building
nlono walls nlong tho sides of .lho road
whoro cublos are to be located tho
wall* bolng of sufficient stnm»th to
support tho roof under all clreums-
•uun _., nnd to wltlAAUuid the sqtt«*_'W.
A lodge is bum In the wall, nnder
whloh th-*-. rable Is held wpon an Insulator, so that any sqneete whloh
•rem-*-** uk>u lie wsJl, snd whleh mlfh*
lioiudlily i<r,d to grip the cable. Is hetd
off by the special shelf provided for ft.
In thU (oWory also, • '«T<>«iw*r wire fs
f-.t_-vW.ti_ by a iralvanlMK'i e\o%U t*tx'ix*xl
wire. Tarried to I** n_*hberhood of
Bewareof-
Imitations
C*" *      . **>
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment -
August 6-11.
45, Steam-Heated  Rooms".
r'r -• ' ■'' ■_.' r '.."..:eryyyr,■*■**, A.-rr .-,
-*-'•-'' ■.;:■'* 7 7*"7'-';.;.Hot.and .Cold;.Baths--
- - >» --- *._-1
*\. .-*■*-'
Tne' KiiigSEdward y%r>i.\
'v-v"'v '■"„ :   :':^yy-:y,-.y.   -/,«- ■-.*'- •• ~-^V -■*
: Fernie's  Leading. Commercial Hotel \ ,; 7
.:*..•, >.., *.--■
. ' The..Finest Hotel In'East Kootenay'-.' ,."'-'v *.7j.'L_.GATES, Prop^ f'--
*\ 7   .-
v'  *•■ l-
:7: v/-W*J
*: „. *.. a. -*\.|
■. * 2
all the cables, and all" the apparatus
supplied by them. " In the writer's opinion," it Is' doubtful If the single-strand
wire would'answer its purpose"under
all circumstances,. The 'ground' conductor, whatever, form it may take,
must havo sufficiently low resistance
to allow any leakage currerit that passes'out of any one of the cables to return to the generator without an appreciable difference of pressure arlstri'g iij
the 'ground' conductor itself. In the
'ground' conductor has a high electrical
resistance, a difference of , pressure
may exist at-certain parts of the "mine
between armor,' switch boxes, etc., that
are supposed to be 'grounded' and the
'ground' Itself.    • '*. '     , •'        '■ , .
'Grounding' With Thfee-Phase Services
'Grounding' with three-phase services
is a ' rather different .'matter1 to that
with . continuous current. Star-connected generators and motors are-usually employed in mines, and the neutral, point of the star, the common junction of the three coils of the generator
arid motor,'are connected to 'ground.'
The 'same,idea rules: viz., that if»the
armor of the cable becomes 'alive'1 the
circuit bfeaker or fuse will cut it off,
and' the armor itself being connected
to* 'ground,' a man cannot receive a
shock- from it." - Provided that the armor-is bonded everywhere to a good
'ground.'-cable'of low electrical" resistance,,this Is nearly always quite eor-
-rect. 'Peculiar.cases arise; however,'
with, three-phase services;, in which
'grounding' of the neutral may lead to*
conditions under," which. - a * shock1, may
7      ,.„    . .    HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO   "'' ■
Capital Authorised ....$10,000,000.00.".Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000 -
Capital-Paid  Up -,...-.-. .$5,575,000       Reserve Fund ......::.. $5,575,000,
D. R. W ILK IE,, President   ».   HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.-
,7   BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA,        ^..
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops,'Michel, Moyie, Nelson;
■ Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria: *•**--'•'.•
V      ,-       "   SAVINGS DEPARTMENT" ,,7      ".-'/{,;.''.'/
Ir.terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit,    i
FERNIE BRANCH '       ■    ■ ■   -      * GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
'Tie^bTained_77Tfius7Tf a. motor "stands
upon stratum "that offers a high,electrical resistance, its case being connected
to the 'ground' cable,'and a leakage
occurs on one of the* phase cables, it
will be possible-for a'man touching
the case of the motor to receive *' a
shock, - The conditions here are really
Inverted. * The leakage frorri" one' of
the phase cables has made the 'ground'
at a, different pressure from" the
'ground' cable; and'the caso,of the'motor being, connected to tho 'ground'
cable,.a difference of pressure exists
between the case of tho motor and the
'ground' upon which it stands, and consequently a man touching the case of
the motor bridges this difference of
pressure, 'and may receive a shock,
This will perhaps illustrate forcibly the
great difficulty of the problem involved, and may lead mining engineers to
understand why the present wrltor has
always bo strongly ndvocatod Insulation of evory electrical apparatus about
a mlno before all things. If gonorntors, motors, cnblosi switch boxes, etc.,
aro Insulated from tho body of the
mine nnd from every conductor about
tho mine, and If tho Insulation is maintained at a high flguro, It will be' very
difficult Indeed for anybody to get a
shock, pis vlow ls, that with continuous current, if ono conductor ls
'grounded,' and with throe-phnso cur-
ronts.ilflhoneutral Is 'grounded' you
surrondor half your defenses, It only
needs ono fault upon somo part of
tho flyBtom to glvo troublo. On Ihe
other hand, If tho Insiilntlon of the two
nldoB of a continuous-current aorvlcn
and of nil pnrts of a throo-phnBe sorvlco nro mnlntnlnod nt a high flguro,
It noc'ls jit lonnt two faults to cnuso
a' breakdown, and tho chances of shock
aro vory much reduced. Tho wrltor
will concludo with tho romnrlc ho mndo
onrllor in tho nrtlelo, thnt the whole
cnix of tho problem Hos In tho two
wordn! Insulation and oai-o.—flydnoy V
WnlUor, In Mlnos and Mlnornls.   <
AN IMAGINARY LECTURE
Young gentlemen: Wo might as
well understand each othor nt the out-
sot. Tho object of this course Is
culture, not education, It, would not
bo propor for you lo grndunte unnblo
to say that you would have studied
•mt   , ,. -l..i ii ,,—ii i, ...,i
^ij..*.*-*.t   *ry,s.At\r...J.   w...   ..    >.._,»»_.   t,b.   ., —,
olrto tf-.--.in Xtx toll *...*« the ronl fno-tf*
of Iho enso.
If. fer Instance, the question of watered stock ever comoe tip, I bog that
you will not press me for a satisfactory
■ nn.. , ., ... .
k_'^_^. kk_.li kl..*..    S,k*k.._l   U>MI   kvw..*Jr J.WJ*
derives an Income fron\ -many stocks
which are waterlogged to tho dewpolnt
ir we educated the prople to such fact,
our endowments would decrease In
number and valuo and our Income
would ultimately vanish* altofether,
Also, please, never ask me tho real
iour***) of irortith, If It nfiouM ever
occur to you tliat a Urge part of tlw
university -would have to be abandoned,
but for the ceasel-fss toil of counties*
children In sweatshops and mills and
t&toe* do rn*. fi»_kn*tjs rae by *tlt!r.«.
nbrmt it.
Do not ask nte to explain tbe single
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
PINING AND'CRYING
•-','-*;   •,       ■_-    *    • .-."    - •*. .'-• ., -
are inseparably twins.;- Wherever '
you find the one" you're sure to find
the othei*. , 7.
• -. .
FOR .LUMBER    THAT'S    GOODr
BUY IT.HERE. '.*,'
-'      '   •   r--'.\   :    . -'*,      --<> '
Good piile boards or timber aro in-.
separable,to our,lumber business—'-
. \ * -.   ,     ..     . .
. where one Is, thero you'll, find the
other. ~ *   ■ '   * JJ •-,", v, - _
FAVORABLE ESTIMATES GllAR-.
"     ANTEED   ALL   BUILDERS   -
OFFICE and YARD,  MCPHERSON  AVE., OPP. .0. N.   DEPOT, .FERNIE    ,
P,
.Wholesale Liquor Dealer,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
•J' Gents' Furnishings      ' V .
BAKER.AVENUE:
BRANCH, AT;HOSMER,   B.C.
KING'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with' the  best' Wlnos.
Liquors and Cigars ' '
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
V
W. MILLS,
Prop
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
, i
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
V-dM** 40 •*?■"■•_* 4fft<W <B»'
tax or tho ethical basis of Innd ownership, tor ft lurgt part of our Incomo
Ib dorlvod from vnlunblo altos.
Do not link, mo to explain Socialism
or any- othor schomo for a moro equitable distribution of tho fruit a of labor.
Wo nro on tho comfortnblo aldo ot tho
prouont nrrftniromont. Lot us not look
a Rift, homo In tli« mouth. If It to
lmppoiuj thnt thoio who do tho moon*
ost work got tho monnost pny, lot us
accept It ns.ho will of God, or a_ m
axiom In our pursuit of knowledge.
Do not nsk mo to explain the high
rr ,il r* I!..!*...' .1 \...l mif,l *r\ .1.A ■hMt-i'I'
^.....    _..    ...... o,   "«.   I     **'-■'    -v    .-'■     fV...
nf ■mnVlTir; It \nwr-r, Mlp.h x\r\ce* mwtTi
high dividends. TllRh dlvldonds'moan
beautiful college buildings and a high-
salaried faculty. It is not for us to
dwell upon tho nordld sldo and ompha-
ft.?-*. «ii_ *h oiwpnvn.fnnt ttxrte nn ttnnnlld
tonomonU and workman uudor-nour-
lst)*-**-*! In mind and body.
In short, young gontlemon, we aro
willing to take up most minutely the
bygones of tho middle ages and of
moro remote ant faulty.
Wo may oven pursue science In to
tnr nit ttert^utnry to prnrnnio k tnoro
r«pld mid a more tmey production Df
wealth, but we cannot discus* -with yoa
tho proper distribution of tbat wealth,
Wo must keep away not only from
tlif prutMi'hl xt/idt td xht vt-onmt, \fttt
from nff pteiMnf dnMnxn of tho tutor**.
—Kllli O. Jon**, in Life,
,*.'■ >■ ■v'.\',
li.
Airy Rooms &
,, Good Boardv    ■;
'Ross&.lliickay'Jffl&v
- *-** * - **. _.*t. ... .* ,•,'..,.'
'    -•■.*.  * --. , ■   .-r
"■ x
NORTHERN
, .- i HOTEL? ■ ■
Wm,' Eschwig, Proprietor ■
New and up-to-date.
t A, _ 1 " • I , I ,.
y i i       ,-.v
. Handsome  Cafe Attached
■ _—_—___v—. .—„
OPEN. DAY. and.NIGHT
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found in such a display of
Meats
- We have the best monoy
can buy of Beef. Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages. ■
Welners and Bauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 59
Second Hand
Furniture Store
VICTORIA AVENUE N.
1    ll!M|.
ll_M.U_a._tl      fl.*!* t* ...       fl.!.l
ni&uB.t niii.. ram
Per Secondhand Furniture, Stoves,
Tools, etc, also Ladles1* and Gentle.
men's Cast-oif Clothes,
Twochafr flarbsr Outfit for Salt.
■t
O. R AOL AND, Prep,,    '
Electric Restorer for Men
''J
IS,   Wiiljil m nnr »iMmi   Tfiall-MiHi.tUrur
C*-,**.C*l,XkMiLta*,a*%,
Vor Sale at Blessdell'a Drug Store
LED01IR ASS. I'or Buiiseii
1^*1    _■*_?> .t*-*(pr
m
6J«S««*',*«" -Sjw*.
m/mmm 7r "^>***.-£:Y:*^^^ :-   '
-    ,„- •■    —    :,    i, \.z, ■_ ....    v' . L-  .,;'• .    -.-. j,-*   .*y* ■> •*> -   .i *. *. --.'- .■*- -.*-"      "      *?
.,        - . ii        ".-- '-     , -• -    -ji-'"-!     * >'        * * *- -' *•* *   '--..,*''     > --.   '    . -' -    f ..•._ -
J-* •*■ ••.*   i" *-"^*^x*"'^JErf'yJf*   ■_■*■•>    - -      -''
* t    i *     "'' **• '* - **     - ■-.--
7 ■*-.    ^'o*    '.v _     J J "*     *
-■c-;.:
O   .' 1
"",***>  1«,-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,, FERNIE, B. C, JUNE 10,1911.
iv ^
y
'ft.
{Lohdon'e Ceremony this Month to Cast
-' ,$9_3.0<».—Most* EiTpenalv* in,'His-
: tory Was That of Russian Emperor
;.at $15,000,000.' •'■/'••-. ''''7     '-'
_
r»'
i A
I*!
*•" -'* LONDON—The siim of $925,000 haa
"• -'been'set'down;In the civil*service es-
7- timates to coyer the coBt of the coro*-
nation.; ' The costliest coronation on
„   record -ia- English history is that' ot
* King George IV.," when $120,000 went
on the coronation^ robes and _ - about
$270,000 on the crown. The public
grumbled, especially as they were excluded from the Abbey.     George III.
7 was crowned, at.' half the cost,-and
William IV.; de'tesUng.'pomp, had every
thing connected with his coronation
7-reduced' to '.the 'lowest.limits and ■succeeded in getting' through tthe business
' for,$150,000.     Probably the most ex-
*-'.' pensive coronation that has ever tak-
'■' en place was'that of the Emperor of
Russia, - on. which ' $15,000,000 was i ex-
^pended... It is said that .the harnees
~.*tfor, the. carriage horses taking part
In the procession involved aa outlay-of
$500,000 and that one. of * the ..singers
• engaged'commanded a fee of ,,$15,000
. , for six songs: "   .' .. '-   -'-","'-.'_.*  ,
Family of Eight Living UnderiWretch-
\" ed.Conditions in Dark/ Damp.Room
"Eight Feet.by Four Feet,.and Ex-
7 tremely^ Dirty "' -.-"■■','• 7       - .,
,'. LONDON —- Here is' a story from
darkest England, from a section close
by that where* several millions'will be
spent upon the crowning of a little
man and.his wife. ,'
* This. story of- life .under, the most
wretched conditions was told at' Clerk-
enwell Police Court,' where Alfred
Pank and'his wife were charged with
neglecting their six children. An inspector of the society for the Prevention of Cruelty; to Children said he
went to a washhouse ln Little Clarendon Place,'a*room 8 feet by'4 feet,
extremely damp, with a tap continually .running'and a choked gully but-
side., The floor was strewn' with cinders,,.and-tie .place extremely dirty.
There/ lived".the, prisoners' 'and their
six children, who were, all bundled up
together,and all the children sick. A
girl eight years of age had no clothes
except "aii old coat .pinned around her.
One child had'a scalded foot, which
had- been-'neglected. The bedding was
oii the floor.       * ,* ;  ;•"
*,They had'all been living in'-one
.room.iii another part of the house, .but
had been ejected arid' had since lived
in' the washhouse. The parents were
held and .the children sent to institutions. *.   .       7, ■  *--,
ROYAL ROBES ARE
, MADE
IN VILE .DEN
Sweatshop Workers In.London.Prepare
^Clothes fo'rvthe Coronation;.in Dirty
Surroundings--.Many Cases qf, Infec-
.. ; tlous Diseases are Traceable to'Ex-
rIstlng,Conditions'V ' •■'_■-
■ ■■' LONDON--A- strike of - tailors -here
" has. developed, the' fact' that, nearly all
■   the clothes for.'the .king's coronation'
•;are being ..-made in1" sweatshops.,
' • ; Unless'em ployenf   and '.workmen
.'".come-1 tp!,terms the whole'of the, high-
''.-"class-clothing trade-will b'e cli-orgahiz'-
'  ed-an-i. the ^necessary -preparations
"which, are .being made for the.corona-
l^^icn~deIya"der~f*rh#TSoT;ier"j^
'and Tailoresses 'are asking the'em-
had gone. I am confident'that many
cases of infectious- disease could be
traced to" the fact that the clothing
of the wealthy*., classes is made by
men working where there is no decent
sanitary accommodation and no attention ' paid to • the - primary rules - of
health.-' Why, the moleskins, of the
navvy are made iii-airy/'and well-lighted factories,-"" but the clothing of the
highest classes,--' the, coronation robes
ofipeers-arid the uniforms of officers
and cadets, are'made-in the germ-in-
fes.ed'Vareas of'.a district, noted • for
filth and misery.'', '   J'r'-y  ' ,y, ;
ll
,   :,-. _.
..y-Kts
0
^                      _
,7 y...-X
PAGE
THREE
.-,.■>
BUSINESS   vs.
SENTIMENT
____ 7. iT^*"-"
By p'scar'Leo'narJd
INCREASE OF  FIFTY PER, .
.*?-.-.'■   CENT   IN "TEN. YEARS
" -, ployers to provide,workshops fpr the
'•'-. whole'of the employes before the' ex-
■ fpiration of two years,'and that, in the
[:. \ meantime,. .the employers.., shall»; pay
'  ?workmen at" the rate of Is. in the £
on-the earnings,-but not less than-38,'
per week,* as compensation for the non-
provision of accommodation. The mas-
»    ters.are not.inclined to: fall In with
the demand.     '        '. 7' *'
,     ". Source of Danger.
Some startling sidelights on the coii-
., .ditions under, whicli the garments of
•;   the aristocracy aro produced,wero,revealed by James ,'Blyth;-secretary of
tht? Society of Tailors and Ti**lloreH-_c-..
,At'the'present'timo clothing for the
1 great majority,of.,th©'west orid sh9ps
is made in'the homes of the workers
„ or ln rooms rented by thom in Soho,
and so disgusting os tho on .ronmont
in many cusos, .'hit the syslo-n Is n
constant   source of. dangor. to Ui'oso
w .obo garments aro made ln such sur
roundlngs.
Mr. Blyth, a single wost end, tailor,
provides workshop accommodation for
all employes. A few koop n number
of mon, womon nnd hoys on thoir pre-
- mises.but the hulk of tho work Is given
out to small contractors,, who havo
thoir own workrooms and, thoir own
men.
'    "Most of tho clothing for tho wost
ond," said Mr. Dlyth, "I« producod ln
- Soho, arid at tho moimvit coronation
rolcB and uniforms nro bolng nmdo in
the filthiest donB. I know of ono placo
whoro a tailor's workroom Is at tho
hack of an offal Bhop. Tho woodwork
and tho stairs aro covered with dirt.
The atmosphoro is ladon with tho
gcrma of putrlfylng moat, but at this
momont gftrmonts for, tho vory- host
class nro bolng mado thoro,
• Made In Fever Den
"On ono occasion t clothing for tho
prosont klim—thon Prlnco of Wnlof**—
was found In tho procoss of mnklng In
n fevor don In Soho. A ciibo cnmo to
my notico whoro uniforms woro bolng
mado tn n houso wlioro all tlio children wero stricken Willi measles. In
anothor bouse o. cnao of scarlet fovor
was noilflod. Inspectora wero sent to
dlBlnf.ct tho promlsos, hut before thoir
arrival gnrmonta for a high claoa firm
woro Bmiiggloil Info tho n_ xt. Iioubo
nnd brought back aftor tho offlcors
Population will Not be Known Djflni-
-.  .      tely Until October
' OTTAWA—Canada's census- 'whi-.*h
began on June 1stwill'take practically
thiee years to complete. "The tabula ting, and analysis of the population
figures, and' of tho extensive information asked for, in' regard to trade, in
dustry,' etc.,'.will keep the ,census
bureau busy for that length of time
The total population will not he definitely known until October, though iui
approximate figure may be1-river out a
mo-nth.or so earlier. Returns *wl!l
begin to come in from cities in about
a fortnight's tlmo, but ' enumerators
have three weeks allowed to comploto
their work, and tho commissioners lire
allowed another month in which to
forward the returns to Ottawa. Tlio
work of tabulation and compilation
will bo done' at the census bureau horo
by a Bpocinl Btnff of 160 dorks working with specially dovlsed tabulating
and compiling -machines similar «o
thoso usod nt Washington for tho census of last yonr. Charles W. Hplcor,
an official of the American coimus
bureau is now in Toronto superintending tho manufacture of n number of
machines to bo usod In tabulating tho
schedules turned in by the enumerators.
RoportB from census bureau officials who havo boon receiving reports
na to tho prospoctlvo amount of work
roqulrod for tho commissioners in the
vnrloiiB parts of tho Dominion indicate
that tho growth of population In many
districts has boon considerably larger
than was estimated, Tho final flguros
will probably show a population Increase of about 60 por cont during tho
docado. Wost of tho Gront Lakos It
Is estimated thoro aro*naw about n
million and a half moro pooplo thnn
thoro woro In 1001. KnBtorn Cnnaila
should show nn Inoronno of a littlo
over a million and a quarter,
WRECK WA8 DELIBERATE
St. Thom As, Ont, Juno 5.—Dosplto
tho report*, that In fit night's M, O. II.
wreck nt Rldgotown whon two mon
woro klllod, wns nn ncldont, It can bo
atatod positively tlmt tho railway
miUioiilloH lmvo nbnolulo proof that
tho wreck was deliberate,
-If business interfe'resTcwith your
pleasures, why give up business. There
is.some such saying -,. which:- is being
widely circulated dna p6stal card. The
card, has found a* resting;-place;over
many aii'office desk.* and "many a' main-
slaving from day to'.day.-has'wieh'ed to
comply with. the sayings....'But 'as a
rule,-*men plod on day after toy'ln pplte
of the, sayings whic„! adorn'.their* offices. It ls part of .huma.n' -nature _to
admire the thing one cannot'do.,*** This
partly accounts for ..the hard-hearted
Superman of Nietzsche,,, wbo fhimself
was the opposite .'of the'*. Superman".'
Bu*. let us not get away Into'.philosophy. Let us get back to", the little
incident which I started out to tell you.
I actually came across -a man .who
has been pondering over the problem
of business and ideals. ' He has been
trying to find a. solution, y It .was'a
question with him bf giving up either
business or ideals." I know-how he
solved It... But I must not tell you his
decision before I tell you the story.
After you hear the story you will welcome the decision.' But if I tell it to
you before-you .may not read the
story, and that would be. a calamity.
So heje, goes'the story,* just-as, I took
It from'life:   .';'--•   -■*, "■ ' ,     '.
Some ydars ago I became acquainted with an anarchist. He did not
have bombs in his pocket.. •, He had
none secreted anywhere in his' home.
He .was not iri the bomb manufacturing business..   He   sold ,' an ,*, article
.....      *        . - ^
which every one needs.   As a business
man'he made a living by selling goods
to those*who needed the goods'.', What
difference'does it malie what he sold?
Enough- to say that he did not sell
prayer books, "talesim," or anything
that, would make, him feel in any way
inconsistent with his ideas. He employed no help. So he felt no re-
morse'at being an employer of labor.
He,"did'everything*'.by himself, and
when .he.needed any assistance, 'his
wife came'tb the rescue. .
"' Being a good business man (strange
to "say, even an'anarchist can.be a
good business man) he made some
money.' ■ Now,.it seems'to be in the
nature of man,-particularly, in America
to become'"..restless when he has
money. He cannot bear to see it pile
up in a bank. ■ As a. business man this
anarchist friend' of, ours knew that
his money was being invested-or loaned by his* bankers and that they were
making more money with his money,
giving him only a snlall percentage of
It in the form of interest. ' Of course,'
"he objected to this modern form of
exploitation. *- He worried over it, trying to find a way of keeping the bankers from exploiting him.' He looked
for some safe investment.'
One day it. became * known in radical circles that Sam Suchard, this is
our hero's name, became a manufacturer.. His factory became a place of
pilgrimage, ' Anarchists, Socialists and
many other, radicals cameto see the
place. ' They' could hardly believe lt,
Was lt really possible that Suchard
had joined the band of exploiters of
labor,* that he went Into the manufac-,
•turlng business? Yet, there was ln
white on blue, on a large sign, "Sam
Suchard, Manufacturer of Ladles'
Waists. * And if Mie sign alone was not
sufficient the doubting Thomases could
walkMip the,stairs and see the sign
ropoated on the glass pinto on the door
leading to tho hew manufacturing con-
C' rn; If further proof was necessary
one could walk Into tho office and soo
Suchard sitting at n desk directing his
affairs, or one could stop into tho shop
nnd soc lilm supervise the work.
Of course, Suohnrd's entrance Into
'the world of exploiters of labor"
modo him unpopular among his comrades. They could not seo how n man
could bo an anarchist and a manufacturer nt the same time. At meet-
IngH ho wns anubbed by.tho most zealous, ' On tho floor ho" wns not listened
to vory attentively, Ills opinion was
no longer worth much. What did a
manufacturer know about labor and
Kn problems?
And Suchard know Just exactly
how things stood botwoon him and tho
boys. Ho had boon thoro hlmaolf, Uo
know thoy dlstruBtod him. It rnnklod
him, howovor. Ho could not boar it,
So ho was a roro visitor at annrchlBt
or any olhor mootlngB hold by radical. . Nttlo by littlo ho dlsapponrod
from rmllr-nl clrdoB, From tlmo to
tlmo ono would vonturo to nnk what
had become of Suchard, In most
cabob tho nnswor would bo:
"Ilo hns no llrno for mcotlngB. Uo
is a manufneturor—o bourgeois. Wo
can do without hlm,'
Ono day whilo walking Into a wntch
mnkor's Btoro to (jot my watch nftor
lta annunl donning, I found Ruchnrd.
At first I hardly recognized him. Ho
hnd n worried loolc, something which
my conscience troubles me too;' You
see. I am -not like other manufacturers. I am'different If. I get'the
best of the fellow who works for me
my conscience"hurts me. "You know
when a, fellow has .been having.those
ideas in his head.for so many years
he cannot, act ■ the part of* the" boss
easily.^ On the' other hand, being an
employer,.! cannot allow the men to
get the best of me." And that*is all
there is to it -. It is either you getf the
best of them or they get the best of
you. It is wrong either way." ' , .
... "Did you not .know it before- you
took up the business?" I ventured. '
• "Well, I cannbt say exactly I did
no^know it. But I thought I would
find a way to adjust things.. But you
see how it is. I am a small manufacturer. I cannot do as I please. v I
must do what other manufacturers in
my line of business do. I cannot begin'reforming "things. If I do I shall
be, crushed before I know it. But I
cannot go oh doing the way they do.
I have got these ideas in tbe blood,
and they won't let a fellow rest. That
is the, trouble.", - .", .
"Why In the world,did you take up
this business, you were doing* well
enough lnvthe store?" - .
1 "Doing, well? I wasdoing too well,
I thought I would accomplish more
by Investing my money. ;, But I, tell
you It is not worth it. ' In fact, nothing is worth while.', v '
"."Quite a pessimist,' Suchard.', I am
surprised atyou. -You are well,to' do
enough to join'even the Sunshine Society; " - '           ,       ,          •
.yi'am well-to-do, it is true." But I
have-lost faith-in men. I have.seen
there'ia nothing to-it all. Here aot 1
with money and ideas and I do riot
know what to do. Before I,went into
this - business, even the store, I spent
nearly a thousand dollars travelling in
an effort1 to find a place where wife
and I could spend our days amidst
idealists and dreamers. I went to
Home: You know' that anarchist
colony in Washington State. Well, I
lived with, them. * I was complerely
disillusioned. * They'plot and plan and
worry as everywhere else. One, talk"-?
about the other.-- They hate on another even worse than people who do
riot-.Jive in colonies. They call one
anbther^comrade, hut it is all a huge
bluff.".'      " ■ ..■.-.-: \
- "You do not mean to condemn, ideals
on account of persons, do you?" .-*
j "Not at all. I am telling'-you ray
impressions and experience. I know"
"their ideas and ideals,are all right."
But.they, cannbt carry them out under the present,system. That,is al!
I went from there to, a single tax
colony. T found disappointment there
also." " It seems that people cannot act
like Idealists .as long'as things are
what'they are. I went to other colonies. - I .found people who spoke
about Ideals, but who "did not live up
to these ideals. So I came back. I
decided'that there wao nothing to all
this colony; business.' I made up my
mind to stay right here and- worlc.
Well, I- went into this manufacturing
business. I soon found out that even
though. I decided- while a manufacturer to do what, manufacturers do,
I find that It hurts me. I simply cannot do it. I guess I shall have to give
up one thing or the other. I have
come toithe,conclusion .that I shaU
have to give up either my Ideals -or
manufacturing.
"Well, which will you give up?"
. To tell you tho truth I have tried
to give*up my ideals. I cannot do
It. Every time I get the best of a
workman,' something within mo says,
'Pine anarchist you are, Sam. •' What
would Kropotltin say about it if he
knew it?' Now,;,I know, Kroptokln
is not the Pope, still I feel ashamed
of myself to get the best of a workingman. So what is the use? Guess
the'manufacturing business will have
to go, if there is not other way."
--By this time we had reachedNlie
building where, the factory was located.     We parted..
A few.weeks later I ment a friend
of Suchard's. When' I asked about
Suchard the man said:
, 'He went and gave up a flourishing
business.' Rather stupid of him. It is
a'pity/too, he was doing so well.. You
see that is what foolish ideals do for
a man.
I-walked away, feeling that theie
was -nothing to say ,in response lo
such eloquent arguments.
,-■»•,
Special Excursion
To Creston
-T
Date will be announced
later—-so watch for it.
Dinner Service and
The Dinner less
t^—-*■■*, By-jDiioc-^wnner
One morning last December the .New-
York .Times stated that,, a dinner service made for Senator Clark was the
costillest ever furnished for an individual, in "this-country. A certain,T. S.Affleck at" once wrote to the'paper
to say that in 1880, when he was employed by Tiffany and Co., that house
made for John W. Mackay a service of
silver "(furnished from his own mines)
the .cost of which was over $250,000;
also that while he was with the Gor-
ham Company ln Providence, R, I.,
they made a service for Mrs, Washington Roebling as a present to her
husband which cost ovor $150,000, and.
several other sets for other purchasers
which! .would reach $100,000 arid ovor.
Since learlng of these figures I am
the more amazed-at the temerity I displayed a few days before Christmas in
intruding upon the almost religious
sanctity of Tiffany nnd Co.'s Fifth Ave
store/ -   , '
Knowing that one of tho most dlmlu-
tlvo pieces of the firm's exclusive' creation, "favrlle glnes,' could bo purchased
for a humbele dollar, I piuckod up coup
age to ontor tho awe-inspiring precincts
In , Boarch of tho fragment of
Iridescent loveliness for a ChrlatmaB
gift,
Tho spacious chnmbor Boomed move
llko a magnificent tomplo court than a
moro salesroom, From tho rocossod
colling that npponrod paneled with a
diffused radiance llko a shimmer of
oarly morning sun through lingering
mlstfl.
Tho rbflnod light toll upon bowlldor*
Ing array of tho products of gold and
sllvorsmlth's art, proclous BtoneB-cut
glnsa and oxponslv'o trlnkots In llio
HhowcnROB niul bnthod with subtk*
radlnnco tho frnvllo waro that wns
mnfiRO'l llko a garden-pot of lustrous
orchids nnd lllloH.mnRlcally vltrlflod
with tho unfnlllng nplondor of tliolr
exotic rolors.
Uondlng ovor trays of Joms nt tho
coun tors, or crltlcnly scanning tho displays of tho BhowcnsoH, tho throng of
woolthy shopporH, Roft of volco find
trond, appeared wrnppcd In a kind of
worshipful (lovontn-nHH ns thoy murmured at, tho grallnprB of thoso jeweled
ponfoHfllonalH and gpiiufloctod boforo
mi ('li gorgeous HhrlneH of lho bonotl-
clont dolty, ri'lvllfg**'.
Moving unobtrusively  nmong  tho
tbe~store~seemed.o, pause in their transactions, as "if electrically notified in
common; and'whisper in incredulous
amusement, "One dollar'."- '
( With,; my daintily. wrapped package
at last .In my pocket T made my exit
from the august emporium with what
Visiting the entire district  j
See before you buy.  Write
me for full .particulars.
, Dig. in the ground for ia
livelihood, you'll be under,
soon enough! Fivfe acres
cultivated will prolong life
and) provide a competence
for old age.     , . . ,
v •*. ■*
M ■--■ J
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
,' each, easily cleared,,-Burton
;      ,    Citv, well located and water
.   ' • o * - .. .   . „
Joe Grafton
Ferme
B. C.
BMING
Powder
DONfT SIMPLY ASK MR %
©AMINO POWDSftl
OUT SPECIFY §p
MAGIC
AND OCT THC GOOD KINO jf
LW.GILLEnCQLTD;i
TORONTO-ONT.        Wa
WINNIPEG MONTREAL %
ho never hnd boforo lio boenmo n
i.,.„„iitn.iinvi;   .*<■_• tfrt-ctw efit;i» oim.'i j cumoniem, nut with cyon koon a* a
t/y
.W   *,JJUbt—
wim ii ty. vniwi I H..J-./W. mil hu _><*_. J
ho was going In Iho namo dlrerilon.
Su ve vnlk«l tog.»-hor. **Vb*cn n.**
loft tho Bloro T Bftlil;
'Yo'.i mimt ho qnlio n l'lutor-rni by
.',.,.'* ......,;     V-jw j,.-*; ..t&ti.i't, ii.s»iit>   ii
two pl(tr©n.'
/How do you m»ko thnt out?"
"Vou hnvo your store nnd your
■hop.'
"Wcll—yoB. 7 have tliem both, nut
I do not know whether T nm mnklnir
or lonlnR,"
".nnBlnPM bndV
"T cannot nay It In, Tlio utore hn*
boon -Join*, well and tho nhop. well,
wo hnve Itoert doing bu_»Inrm for b.
■fdnner»,   But w
"Whnl U th* hot, Snifhttvir
"Trouble, murta trniibl-*. Tn f*et,
moro trouble thnn anything _•*■»/
"Wrmt or who frnnhlM you?"
"1 hav« |roubl# wltb tho mt-n. and
iuicl'ti, a iiiita<%: it .-Wi._.*.■_ for (ii. store
notftl all iho facos and motions about
him. Y-M n n-a-Minl plan-f* from *»
member of tho H.ronu could ilotuct IiIb
Rpruilny, but found it fixed on n nonr-
Xi.i v-diV..*!*-.   ill  rtfSiiM- -ifuw mj-ftt-. Ot XllO
u'rent hnll, na If ho would follow Homo
vanishing wr-with of tneonao from, a
alntoly ritual.
Tl*. 1-jei.m-**. nlmont n humiliation lo
tho Inniruld milt.»mnn nt tho favrllo
gin** tnhlt*. wh-/<n nflor neWtlnz 'he
tiny dlsli I want-*), whero It ({lowed
bbc nn irldfttriirit' b(t*Do unions: the
uU'iim ot the mip«rb v/tici, I offered
him a dollar bill! I1
Tli<* native rimi-mi hue of the poor
Hlili* nolo uoemixi lo turn « sickly pale
In hi* er»«}> at ho bor* It fo the laJib-
Itr'* d**k nnd Md If in ittt pathetic t
.shreds of dignity I could retain, past
the fur-clad chaffeurs at the door who
awaited the luxurious shoppers' return
to their limousines, and headed across
town .-westward to make a call on a
family ln need.
Prom. Tiffany's door to that of the
dark rear tenement where tho man and
wife lived who had asked help In making a'Christmas for their children, the
distance ■ was only four crosstown
blocks and a few steps around the corner, Feeling ray way with cautious
feet through the.black roar court. I
found the burrow that tho family called
"homo."
The fathor hnd earned only $10 ln
the last bIx weeks at "odd Jobs," hia
regular worlc being largely seasonal,
and vory slack during tho winter. A
fow days before tho cold snap he hnd
pawned his overcoat to buy coal. I
had already tried to uocuro a plnco for
tho oldest boy, IB yonm of ago, as h
helpor on a department store wngon,
but the suporlntondont, of employment
told mo thoro woro nearly 200 applications for such positions nlrondy on fllo,
And yot "Thoy wont work If you give
them tho chance!" is tho "blessed
word" from champions of oracular
laisses! falro, which thoy uso as n cocaine for any twinges of tliolr rudimentary Boolnl confldonco.
And now nlmont at Christmas Eve,
In thi» dwelling four blocks from tho
Jewellers tomplo, tlioro wnB scarcoly
nny food nnd no Inoncy to buy, more.
Hanging from tho gns fixture woro Iwo
liny Christmns bolls of scnlopod   rod
green pnpor that ono of tho children
Hnld "you got four for a penny."  Tho
inothor nddod thnt (Iioho wero "nil lho
Chrlfllmnn thoy could lmvo thin year."
Sho naked mo for no money, nnd Bnld
In answer to my offor of It thnl a,fow
little preflonts for tho chlldron wns nil
sho oxpoctod, nnd thnt alio "might not
he nblo to ropny the money."    fihe
continued; "My husband has b'-en out.
nil day looking for work, nnd p<'i*linp«
ho'll bring homo 110 conts or n dollar,"
"A dollar!'    Could ono bollove thnt it
was the nnmo nmount of -mn-nnv n« hnd
aennu'd to oxelto thn-.rlHU.1_i of lh***l
Jfiw-Mlors clerks and customors?     It
was n positive rollof to havo hor finally
ncrcpt r>0 cnnla wllh tho prom Iho of
the Hpr-cdy nrrlvnl of n box of glfla.
If midi rontrnala, Involved In the
the proximity ef Jowolled lillr-nesfi to
famished toll In Uio city's aoolnl chaos,
he not merely lmr»h and nbhorrent In
themnelvcs hut ominous wllh Ihrenta
of Impending alorm, It ware weak folly
to try glazing them over with compliant wonli, ColnrlilKo'a nttlrmntlen
quoted on the title page of William
Lloyd .'..i rlmm' wrlllnaa, ls worth r.
pefltlnf- fer mildnnre nnd Inspiration In
the thUV ot a 1at<*r day's battled: "O
my brethren, I have told mont l*ll!->r
truth, vet without blttornesa!"
Ar-'l -iliimiigli It may sound bitter,
!*. .>ul. U - vU.i.ov.* d_.n_.-ntl ef Xbo
HEAD OFFICE
TORONTO
Original
Charter
1854,
^^Fc*J.'J"'*^»wwiL_U__lM_y1*1^
*u_
(Branch Office of the Home Bank
of Canada, Church Street,
Toronto.
General Banking busi- ,
ness   transacted/ Notes
discounted,  Loans  ad-
it 1
vanced, Money. Orders,
Drafts  and-Letters of
'   Credit issued.
British    and    Foreign
correspondents   in   all
the principal   cities, of
the   world.
BRANCHES AND CONNECTIONS THROIIIiHT CANADA
JOHN ADAIR, Manager- Fornio
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total,Assets    .0,000,000
The Drink of Hnmllton Invites Savings Accounts—find Iiiih ollinlnntod all
undue fortnnlltloH, both In tho oponlng
of such accounts and lii tlio making of
withdrawn!-..
A. chartered bank Is tlio logical place
for tho Hiifo keoplng nf (he fund you
wish to accumulate for nld age or m
make provision for unfnraeen iwhiIh.
Intorost Ih paid on depoHltn or $1.00
and iipwnrdH.
Head Office:
HAMILTON
lon-Hirif.'-. en the altarllke slab, whilelaee^'b for «mth Ihnt all npponf-nts of
lo tuv lif-rvoiisly over«ens(tlv(_ e«ra tho j florlniinm mnnl nnnwor thla ehnltenirct:
eusl»*":i«'r« and e-Ierks In all pirt* of! Ik If It itmrdant* wllh rlcR tar.*il-
onco, tho Dlvlno will, er whatever oth*
t- -••tl-'rlc:. •-. ;.._..n b~ ;...tt,LLi, „„u
even'one mnn nr womnn who j.rnilui it,
nothing of value nnd rcnderi- no w«r-
vlco whntovor to the community,
should bu pnlntlnlly hoime, wear eostll-
eHt fabrics, furs and JowrIh, and bn
ilMr-Ml*.' ffii fit I-••"?.-■ .* '.',*;•; -*....: -...;
(limru-r million dollar dinner Hj-irvices,
while thoso who hoar tho, A tins burden
of productive labor, or nre denied oven
that right through unemployment, are
found living with their babes In vllo
and aunlosa warrena, face to face with
(amine, and rind in g-uiiioiilH cant off
from "finer flesh"? And If Mils ho
ngalnst roaaen, right or the Fluprom-**
Will, how Is auch clamant, flagrant
wrong te be forever ftl-ollfilied?
Ne dust storm of emit phrasea must
bo allowed to cloud thin issue and
t-vado a candid nnswer. Here la con-
«r«i«», fWv.i-i.vo fncf nnd a tangible Criterion of sincerity. Here glows the
handwriting on the wall, "N'o rompro-
mltc?
And while mich people hh the Bo-
w.Kipin mu u'.soluioly grappling with
ll,'., Ibbiit; ti.,.. ....unit; u huiuiuir, for
I'fonoiiil-:- liiJuHtico that la CDiiiinc-iid*
lug Itnelf to the thoughtful rnlnda of
nil nntlntiH nt (ho rule of a fi*«sli half
million it year, the Inevltiibb) coin In-
r,\i„  \.\u )>t- l(illl|Hinl'll  III  11  HCIIll-liec:
The opponents of Soclnlism must either proHont iitiiother solutlnn ei)iin1ly
good, which will commend Itm-lf te na
mnny frct-.lt nifn.fi among all tuitions,
or elHe. frankly acknowledge the So-
clftllHf solutlnn rnrrrrt nnd further ft*,
jprnr-tleal r-t'nllzntlon,
FIG PILLS
Are Nnld with ft iwcltlve guarantee
to euro f'OVSTIPATlOV, IVf .CJTJf?
TION'niidttll KfftN'KY, LIVKIl and
llOWMT, dlsordeta. At till dfoleft..
|2.*. (oiiIm \n>r box, or tho Fig 1*111 fo..
St. Thoman, Ont. PAGE FOUR
THE-DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. Ci," JUNE 10,1911;
j?.'
I
*
jt-**-
I-
*1
!*'
_
_
tt
1.
■v>
."Published every 'Saturday ^morning at-its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B.C.-., Subscription $1.00
" per year in advance. An excellent ^advertising
medium. Lai-gest circulation in the District. Advertising rates o_ application, Up-to-date facilities
■ for the execution of all kinds of book, job aud
color work. .Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to" The District Ledger.
■*■    . J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
, Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No, 380
PORTIA WITHOUT DISGUISE IN VANCOUVER
T^KOM press reports received quite a flutter was
, •*■ created in"Vancouver's leiral dovecote '(excuse
,the parmloxiual figure of speech) .vlien^Iiss Mabel
French entered into that portion of tlie Supreme
1 Court Chambers heretofore considered the sacred
preserves of (lie begowned barristers of the niasca-
linc gender. . '-      o° -•■ -.
.'We admire the intrepidity of the young .lady.
We assume that she is young aiid full of cherished
_ ideals which may receive sevei.'shocks before her
acquaintanceship among tho legal fraternity' is
much older. The chivalry that tlie poet loves to
describe in ear titillating* phrases and the, artist
pourtray on canvas with a vividness of color and
wealth of expression are likely to be replaced by
.covert and overt opposition at the hands'of'those
.who regard'her entry into the legal arena-as an
attack'upon,established custom.     The diplomatic
■ lawyer may deplore in unctuous tones that ofttiri'ies
there are cases brought into court where tho evidence is of such a shocking character to be unfit
to be heard by ladies. , This is very probably quite
correct, neither is it fit for men to hearken to, but'
that is no valid argument, against the admission of a
woman to fellowship among the members of the bar.
*    We shall watch, this case with a great deal of
.interest, to see'whether'the Bar * Association is
strong in its support of* the'''closed-shop' principle
in'sofar *as'its individual, body is concerned* will
admit this first'female eligible to"its "'union.". To
stay in the profession ancUbe active therein will re
__g'ui__e_c_o'usidflraMe^
Joan of Arc we-would say—Go into the'gani'f' with
all. your might, seeking no favors becauso of sex.
give a Roland for an Oliver and whether victorious
or vanquished, be ever alive to the importance of
keeping up a stout heart, because not only is the
.fight for the client to be pushed vigorously^ but
the reputation of the' pioneer sustained.' "We may
say that so far as thc woman lawyer is concerned
' we are not especially interested, but' it is the lawyer woman that, involves a principle .1 hat we
strongly,uphold—viz., Equality of opportunity, regardless of sex: enstc or other'distinctions, 7
another on§;,-"Beware of the Greeks .bearing gift's.?'
'We prefer-to'follow'the latter, advice.-and would
urge every young man wno thinks .he-is .getting
something for nothing to read carefully and analyze thoroughly, the regulations „tK&t; must "be. complied with ;by members of the -militia.1. \ An axiom
of business is "Readevery-.contract*,and* do not
sign Hfntil you '• understand* its conditions." ' Do
not allow yourself to be cajoled-by'any smooth palaver-about being "merely a matter, of form," or
later you may have reason to-regret your,'neglect,
What'other reason is there for militia?,: Tbe
protection of property.—Yes,^ but, whose property
are you going to protect?' ' ■*" .'•'. ,       '    '
"Siiibe April lst. there liave been over-5,000. men
idle and'it-is at these .times that.more infractions
I -r
of thc law are supposed to bemade, yet we know of
|io place ,in the - affected area where it has-been
found necessary to' increase even the local police
force. No! with the features that tend to develop
both mind and body we have no objection, but it
is the ulterior purpose of the citizen soldiery, its
real reason for existence that we inveigh against.
If such were not the ease*the governments-would
build,and equip gymnasiums, swimming baths, libraries, reading rorfms, etc., but,these are merely
tho alluring bait that .catches the unwarv,.and m-
duces them to cnrpll in the militia.
There is no single instance on record where the
militia has been called out to protect the lives of
the Avorking class, but has always .been used as a
weapon in tlie hands of the master class for the purpose of subjugating thc workers that its recognition
having been forced" uponv organized labor the
majority of the unions have clauses in their constitutions prohibiting their members from affiliation with military organizations. As one labor'leader exprcsses.it: "A union'man in the'inilitia is ir.lie
in uniform."' ', (," - *
Ordinarily there is no rule without an exception,
but so far as our knowledge goes..we know.of no
exception to the ruleregarding the object of the
employment of'the militia,, and if we are-incorrect
should esteem it a favor if any of our readers w.U
inform us when citizen soldiery has been used for
the protection of ^working class interests. ,    -
Let the Armory*be built, but.be used'for more
laudable purposes than that of training young* meii
to blind obedience to the'dictates bf the apologislH
i J*
and defenders of the master class.
1t§japeii:; iheyYjY&y
*  f '"    _. '.        '     r 1    ..      ' "   •,      TV- >      t "<v\-.  ^^
■*i '   ( -  'J  , *        "-_'_     v.
Tlie Shortest Route to the Coast
Only to the
Atlantic
- ■_.'
:; ^"V-'-'Observatioriv*,..'. Yy
\: Compartment .-arid: .
■     *.    i' *. * *' * ■*
;. Standard Tourist
1 ••- ^Y  Sleepers
.FIRST .CLASS   COACHES'
Ji "" , '    s '-«..-.
Train leaves' Fernie at 1:30 daily,   ex. Sunday-
Phone No. 161 ,  -
HO!   FOR   ,THE   ARMORY
■nnJTE detail plans for the 'prospective Armory
■■■' calls for n greater expenditure than at first, expected, hence appropriation of Woven Thousand
Dollars ($11,000), originally"designated,' lo be in-
creased. We do not know how much more this
structure will cost, neither do wc care. Tlie coir-*
tractors and others having a dollars and cents in-
leroRt will hold a different opinion. Ihis being
quite natural i.s easily understood,
Skeptics regarding the bon ofi nonce of llio-glorious "Liberality' of the Government under which
wo nre permitted to live, should henceforth mid
forevormoro hide their bonds in tolion of contrition.
Let tho nnvoReiynlo 'go bury Iheir idon ivj.c*v.
voirs in lho hoi sands ofKIUo. (Emphasize 'llio
first, syllable n In f'ooknoy).
Offer up pciiiiH i»f prnise Id llu* benign fnthnn
at Ottnwn for tho mngnificenl nioiiumnnt of Iheir
bounteoiisnoNs shorlly to he oroctod in our inirtnl,
Tlio knout should bo.lho portion for thoso who
linul llm Tltifrtip confVri'ii.'ps nnd porpolunl liciiisli-
nitiiil into outer dnrkness for tho advocates oi"
world pon co, nml inlornntionnl nrbit ration. .These
' nre idle drenms, unworthy Ihe coni-iidoral ion of Die
protngoiiisls of Mars, Monoy and Murdor.
Tlii* rising gencii'iitioi) must be tiiiiglitllu> crown
ing glory of civilization, tlio scientific Hliiugliter
of their fellow men.
A coininunily counting ovor fi.000 inlinhil-inl,-*
without n public librnry to tho outside oliserver
would seeiii to be in n fit Htato of ineiiliil receptivity,
plastic iih potter's clny for conversion into Hi ink-
loss units—i, e„ ideal Holdiers in the making.
What iH lho purpose of im Armory? The roply
enn bo made—To afford n- eonA'enienl plnee wlion*-
the young, men mny enjoy Rneinl lnlerenurnr* and
by nn exchange of Ideas Increase lliolr Rlore. of
knowledge. Excellent! We will proceed. Would
not a raiding room, debating club and library servo
tho snme ends equally as well if not better? Vox-
Imps thoy might, hut thou thoro in tho discipline
nnd llm pliyslenl development lo bo conHidere.'!,
Trim onough, nnd yot n woll equipped gymnm-mm
under a o.oinpotont inn! motor would nlso aoeniii-
plfali theso results. Then thorn is the neatness of
person nnd the tidiiii-fw of droHH. Vch, YchI but
these liltewine could be fnught by n window <lr<-"-*-H-v
•who lij-js made n Npcoi/illy of dl«plnyitnr iltiiiniiif. in
n tailor's emporium, finns nnd a plentiful suoply
of ainmunilion fire furnished free lo cnnble une
In beeotno, nn expert mnrksninn. There, is an old
ndntre "Bon . look n gift horn/* in the mouth." nml
WANTED —A-WIFE!
THE experience of the immigration" officers is
usually" rich inhumorous episodes, and, among
other-things, many letters, are received-which strike
the lay, mind as~funnys; but'there are perhaps noi
many eligible bachelors willing to take'so long a
chance -as.- the .,writer_.of "a letter recently -received
~b~yrl_ie~of7thT^h^]ai^
The correspondent,'-who is a young. Saskatchewan
farmer, has evidently imbibed the idea that all the
girl'immigrants come .west with the idea'of seek-
'ing the husbands that, owing to keen competition,
they could not secure in the east or "across the
pond,'7 .So he wishes a selection made by the immigration .people, whose judgment he says he is
willing to trust in the matter of a wife. 'He would
liko the young lady sent to his station, and guarantees-to marry her upon arrival, ns-well ns—-this
soe,ms the largest* order—mako her happy. Tt is"
ascertained thnt a choice is'being'made, and that
thoro is keen rivalry among the girls in'the immigration hall."—Exchange.
The poet will write sonnets to my lady's eyebrows; the'pnintcr revel in tracing iho form divine
upon canvas; the novelist's pen dilate upon the
idealism-, of love symbolised by Cupid, but the. nhove
cnn' bo cited ns n commonplace illustration of un-
to-dn1o commercialism, individual in detail, by'no
menus n' rarity in generalization.
Thoso romantic crenturcs who still hold their
belief in thc sanctity of tho matrimonial hond, the
mndc-in-henven delusion, must receive a rude shock
by lho contemplation of lho mntorinl basis demonstrated hy .the nbovo instance,   '   .,
So low nn estimntion does Ihis young fnrtner
plnee upon the vnluo of.woman thnt ho does not'
give her tho same consideration llinl if ho bo n
successful tiller of lhe soil ho would to the purchase of a steer or a hny tedder, lie needs a eom-
binationvof cook, companion nnd housekeeper, nnd
is quite.willing to/ely upon lho judgment of lhe
immigration peoplo, but this ho would doubtless
scout ns incompetent in buying fnrm implements,
in fact in his boyhood dnys probably lie refused to
triide jnclrkiiivcRAvitliout being allowed to ninkc
n eompnrison lo see whothor ho wns milking n good
hnrgnin or not. Nolo iiIho Hint huoIi is lhe poor
appreciation thoy have of UioiiihoIvoh that Ilie girls
nre showing keen rivalry ns tn who Ih Io he the
fortunate one (11 The best thai they c|in expc"!
by Hiii-h n transaction is honrd, lodging, nnd possibly a gunny Niick kimono, "ITo would like lho
young lndy sent to his utntion." Doubtless freight,
prepaid, nnd ho Hum ngre.CH lo marry her. The
lilnck womnn slave, iu bygone diiyH wiih put upon
thn block and sold, but the cost of her IrnnHporlii-
tion whh paid by her new owner! lo-dny wo lmvo
mndo such piwroMt*. thnt the huiilnn niielmn-o must
see to'her own1 delivery at the ilot-itinntion point.'
A state of society in which such incidents are
even possible to occur should meet with the honest
indigimtion of ovory woman with red blood iu hor
voiiiH, nnd nroiiHO her to the necessity of mnklng
overy effort to put an end to the barturing of body
with less compunction thnn is hIiowu in tho most
ordinnry business trnnstielions whom the inferior (?) nninmlH nro involved.
"TIME!  GENTLEMEN,  PLEASE!"
"117 HEX tiNkcd (he tun***, by n .stranger request
*" him to wait until nil the bells have lulled nnd
tho whistles hnvo blown, only Hum tell Iiim that
you nro likewise n Hlrnngor in lown.' A eity hnll
clock is lindlv needed.
'4 •A-9AttA-9Ai
|; June 30th to duly 7th. $29,000 in Prizes «
*' The best special features ever seen in Canada west-of'Toronto, ,/  w
4 ,   • --'".      ,                including    • .-     . • ,,            7          '■     -,.'*'*
§,. .'*   "".■V.'.-'              '                              -    - . ■•      .'•','§
<■ St. obel's Aeroplane       '                 °        1
® Brer-man's Mono-Rail Car                  f
| Moving Pictures of Coronation   |
i Grand Fireworks Display |
4 REDUCED PASSENGER RATES
4      Full   Particulars from, the  Mgr.,   E.   ll, RICHARDSON      _
_ ' 'v-t   „ .'■.*•.'-".--.•.' <>      ■     . A
*v-» v*» v*® vsj^tus^os* v<® y*
»y*0vaiy«>
y^~}/im ■■ K&J&&
' Ctft^RHHf--566J-9
Fire is Often
Caused
i •   . .i
by nogllgonce.' And who ls
tliere that is not negligent at
times? Would you have tho'
work of a lifetime lost In a
few1 mlnutoB? '   '
Why Not Insure
and thon tho loss of your treasures is made good as far as
monoy is ablo to roplnco a
loss.   Inquire of ub for terms.
M. A; KASTNER
Insurance     Roal Estate
>■
*■
Letters To
The Editor >■
I     .  - t
H^^J|r-¥¥¥¥¥¥¥4¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥4
Tlio odIIor Is   not,   i-oH|ionnlblo for
ni'tlclcH thnt nro Hont In,
Ktlltov, niHlrlct Loilgor, l-'ornlo,—
Denr Hlr,—JiihI a fow wonlu on how
we the Old Country I« .llown nro Rotting treat oil rogiinlln-q. our wives nml
fnnilllrH, Now, cnn nny hiiiio man
show mo whom wo tiro not entitled to
tlio hoiiiu boncfltH ns If our wives nnd
fnmllioH woro horo, Now, wo i>n*y tlio
hiiiiio (lues nml nsBOHBineiits ns anybody olso, ilion why not receive the
.■.m.    Vr, rOli ,"       V'r    iff   -*I"1.(!...»  rr,.
..-.,       -     ......... . , L,   .....    .1.)*.,...*_    *U.
a fnlr liv....-; ii-.-i^c, lmt i'lJU ihey wen'l
glvo anythlii',', so tlioy Bay, to support
our fanilllcs, simply ■because they arc
not horo, nnd U'b n fact tlioy can't llvo
on Mm ntt- imi '•"* -n^'tiO'li' cl«/> will tniy..
** li
port them, whnt aro wo to do?—Sit
and rend lottors coining from homo
tolling us nur chlldron nro crying for
brend? Or lmvo wo got Jo go to work
tho namo ns wo camo out for? I
think lt*« u mild way of asking ua to,
AfT'-ln. wn «>,-.ro nnked to wrlto home
for proof of how many children we
Imd; well, wo got It, tout ttlll It Menu
iht't'a not good onough, *o would very
tnuli like trnme union official lo an*
»iaw mo llio abovo and oblige
a mnvKi. Mi.vnn
ar
:W! A..INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail-
Tobacconist
Barber Shop:    •
Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys  .
Billiards and Pool
1 \     n
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
, Hazelwood Buttermilk
   - -      /
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34
Royal
Hotel
Stanley St.  -  Nelson
Best Family and Working man'i
Hotel In City; nlcaly furnished
room* with Dath. Beds, BOo.
each, meals, 35c,
A Union House
Prop., J. 8, BARRATT
THE C^N»ISM KNK
**,7;;0R*;/Gi)MMIRC^*':7'v
-V-
.;'"'-. -SCV
SIR EDMUND WALKERi C.V.O.; LLD., D.C.L, PREaiDENT
_ ALEXANDER ^LAIRD,'General Manaqer    -
cAprrAi.- $10,000,000
rest. ^;$7,o6o,boo
TH E SAYINGS'BANK■ tofe-P^RTM-EWT;/*
of'.The Ganadian Bank of Commerce "will receive deposits'ofi $i; and'
- upwards; ohv which interest is allowed'at current'rates.,--There! is 'no   •*,.
delay,in withdrawing':theSvhoIe or 'aiiyiportioqpf the deposit.',, Small
deposits are welcomed. '   _*;v.--   "7'/--.-'' '.','' ".'7. •'_''; ' ''--*.' "..'T "'234*''.^!
; . --Accounts may be opened ia the names of two'of.more persons, tb.be...
■-"operated by any one of.the number or by the survivor.   A joint account .
,-* of this .kind saves expense in establishing the [ownership of- the. money   !"
after death, arid is especially useful when a man desires-to" provide for*
.his wife, or, for others depending upon him., ih the event of his death. -
FERNIE   BRANCH   '       7    ...  ., ■-■■----■-
L. A. S. DACK, Manager.
NOTICE
Tho lireacnt adrtroaa of Andrew Kk-
lnnd, a Swede*, who wan working for
tlio Crow'a Noot Paaa Lumbor Co., at
Gardner, Ja wanted by CIilcC uf rollco
H. N. Clorko for tho purposo of rontor-
Ing a, aura of |?0 bclon-glng to hlra.
Ho Ir about -IS or 60 years of age,
and uiually follows nimo oc^-upstlon
rnnnnriod with l.ho bimhfsr Iri'luatrr.
0
I
STOVES! STOVES!
A it-tights,  Coal   Burners, Coaler Wood Burners, a!nd ..:  .
,*-\     0 Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.   AQNEW & CO., ELKO
1 IFYOU -WANT THE BEST
■ _    • {, •
§ And   Nothing: but the Best in Fresh
§        I and    Smoked    Meats,    Fresh    and
| Smoked Fish; Dairy Produce, Poultry;,
_-,    EtC.   Etc., goto'     ,'      -'''''-; «  !\-./' .;   ''.'»
THE 41    MARKET   66.
" "  i .y     •('"■■'     r _       :    -.
§ SAM GRAHAM, Manager    '*   .7 v.- PHONE 41
.Y'{.G:&-'£tO$&:yQ
Insurance, IRe^.1 JEstate
Loans
Money to Loan on first class. Busi-
,   -   - *        - « *- '     '    _. ,*"',** -■*-      i,
nessand Residential property
■*,\
!___.■ s *■
The Jeweler-That's All
Right on the,corner
Electrln Lighted ',.;..' ,'    steam Hnated
'   '■ , CENTRALLY LOCATED' "    ■ .
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  Ble.
_ „
First Glass Accommodation for Travellers
MR8. 8. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
Hot and Cold Water L. A.  Milla, Mapugor
Refrigerator
Days are Here
And wo aro horo with  THE  REFRIGERATORS.
Wo show tho largest nnd boat assorted in Pernio,
including tho "Greenland," "Loader." and tho
, <> ii
"Whito Front"   Sanitary.   'Pricos   from   $11.00
to $42.(50.
Ice Cream Freezers. 2 to 8 qts.
i -I
,. ii. ... ,. -*■<..-.-_.- .._.._t_   .....  -- ..--_*..
*- (f *-...**-? -,,_
-*■•**.
v"'v^"":*"^7,^-,*'
-.'■  .,*.  --
"' ----i
' •v-
vr
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JUNE 10, 1911.
"■-Vy*
PAGE   FIVE
.   .y$y..'.y^yyyz:y
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♦:«•-" ♦;♦. ♦.■*■*'''♦ ♦-♦'♦'-♦'♦■•#
♦7'..,'   ..MICHEL'NEWS'*,*   **    -. *•*
♦'"'  *,".' r By,'"krimea."' .,v_-7'   '♦
':"■♦ "■;■ ;,7 .*';•'•■*•' .. ■',-,,. ■.'.' .'-,.';1 ♦
... '■<•>*♦' ♦-#-.♦'♦;♦ ♦-<*> ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
, *'A-_ grand.7fre©";-..nibking .concert1 by
,"Michel,Local-Union-was";held in'Cra-
""han Hall last'Tuesday evening,-when
• the'Elk .Valley-Brewery Co. supplied
the refreshments gratis."'.-.A good pro-
, "gram of vocal-talent was gone through
.' and rendered-in gre&t style.   Mr. Thos
'*■ Harries officiated as, chairman and delivered a few remarks to open prbceed-
\ ings..    The;program was as follows:
'    March, by the Italian Band; son£, Mr
Virico ° Frodshnm,  The  Old "Rustic
Bridge by the MM", song, Mr. R. Beard
'• Far from tlie Old Folk; song, Mr. J
- Fornall, Italian' song,   .song, ;Mr. G.
"Wilde, The Pardon Came Too Late;
selection by the'Italian Band; comic
"song, Mr. Jack-Mullen,'Down by.the
Sea," encore, John Willie, Come Out;
-, Comic song,, Mr."Whitehouse,.Any Old
.-Thing WllUDo;:"Bong,-,Mr..D. Robinson,
" Rings oh CMy- Fingers,  encore, Thorai;
.-   ciog'danc^ by. Mr. J..Sumpton; .song,
,', Mr. TV.' Morgan-;' Slie; Was; Happy. Till
. She Met,-You; '.song, -Mr,,'Dan Davies,-
•*-,-■• The,'" Flowers   That   I   Plucked trom
Mother's, Grave; song, j\lr. Jack Bris-
.   coe,-Let Me Like a Soldier Fall; song,
"*, Mr. Joseph Quayle, Sweet Adline;.song
:, Mr.- Harry Ferryman, Maggie My True
7 Love; song, Mr., Bob Ray, I* Wish "I
■ .Was Single Again;? comic song,'*. Mr.
''• James' Ca'rtmell, Father's Pants:Will
* ,Soon Fit Willie. .The smoker'contlnu-
. ed'until the small hours of^the m'orn-
,-, ing, .'and a, few remarks'by .the committee brought a successful evening-to
* a'close."     -J '     '...', r'-y. .* '*•..''
' The   Crow's   Nest . Baseball. team
-•Journeyed to Michel on Sunday and returned on the evening passenger .with
■ a result that was somewhat dlsappolnt-
* ing, the score being 9—4-in favor of
Michel.    A good-game was played' up
y to *.the - eighth ■* innings, honors being
,' equally divided, but*",subse_uentlyr,the
Crow's Nest boys' fell, to;pieces,; resulting as aboye/-
'  ' ' Michell football club had no league
; roatch'on^ Saturday* last,'but they, had
7* a practice match to .keep the boys in
"  .trim.'" *Two good teams were selected
,   and-ra very fast game was witnessed.
arid*Mrs1.'Martin, Mr. arid Mrs. Derby-)
shire, Mr. and-Mrs.. Berry, Mr... and
Mrs/, Hayes,-Mr. and Mrs. Beach,'.Mr.
and->Mrs. Ridley,-"Mr."and Mr. Stevenson, ji. Tyler,, Miss 'A!.. Carr, "Miss
Grundy, Miss Spruston Air! and Mrs., J.
Greenop, Mr. and airs. Spencer," Messrs
'A.- Almond,' W: ..Davies, T7 Huber,"' J."
Combs, H. White,,A. Hanley, T.; Brace,
"W. Eccleston," J. Moore,-J; McLeod, J."
Hutton, J.' Spf uston, G.B., Stedman,
T, Branch, J. Stevenson, T. Black, W.
Robinson, A.' Frew,'j.' Sharp, J,' Summers', 13. Cheetham, Massey, A. Baker,
,J: Rogers, J. Morris, H. Badass;
After a splendid repast Mr. Tom
Spruston, acting as chairman, proposed
hearty congratulations to the bride and
bridegroom, this being responded to
by H.'Barlass, while Mr. G. B. Stedman rospon'dirigon1 behalf of tho I. 0.
0. F, along with our Christian friend
W. Ridley. _ The chairman then-'called upon Mr.* J. McLeod, who on behalf of the. firebosses of Michel mines
presented-to the newly married couple
a magnificent'set of silverware, which
included, a fruit11 stand, butter*' dish,
cream jug, sugar bowl, tea pot, bread
tray, biscuit jar, cake dish and crumb
tray. This'being' followed by .a* few
-remarks froni J. Berry and Dad Huber.
After this'a very nice dance' was held
'n .Martin's Hall, tlie musi.-. being sun-
plied by-the'Almonds', Orchestra." Uur-,
ing' intervals of dancing songs were
rendered-by Mr. A. Baker, J. Hutton
and W. Joyce. The following are a
few of* the nuriierous presents received: Bridegroom to bride—Gold Watch
and brooch; bridegroom * to bride—
Gold brooch; T. Spruston, brother, of
bridegroom—Gold chalni and locket;.
Bride's parents—A-- cheque; '•• Mrs.
Spruston—Bedding;: Mr" and Mrs. Ir-
vin—Handworked table cloth; Mrs! L.
Lister—Tea tidies; '.' cMr, ' and* Mrs.
Greenop—Fruit "dishes;'; Miss Greenop
—-Trays ;>xMr and Mrs Robinson—Glass
table set; Mr. H^Barless-^Hand-paiiit.
e-1 tea.servlcp- Mr-and Mrs Stevenson'
;-China coffee set;" Mr'and Mrs, Hell-
Pair,vases; Mr and Mrs. Joyce — Duchess set;. Miss Spruston—Silver cake
dish; Mr. A. Hanley—Silver rose bowl;
,Mr". T. Branch—Silver, mounted fruit
dish. . Abs'olvi animam mean. 7*
,,K;TJpon "their..return ".th." happy .pair
.were'greeted in fine style-by Michel's
Owing to some" unforeseen ..circumstances' Frank footballers could not ful
fill their league fixture".up -.here last
Saturday, This .was' very'uhfortunate
as . tie boys*, up -here- had* .made' arrangements to give the visitors'a real
good time, but alas, we were, doomed to
disappointment.'   "'   _--■.*-_;.
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Joyce1 and* Mr.
and Mrs. W.- Bell paid a yisit-.to "Michel- on Tuesday in honor of Mr. and
Mrs.'Robert Spruston." "     ' • '"-     '>"■"'
Mr. Lane, solicitor of. Fernie, was ac
business visitor up here on Wednesday.       ■;'•, ,   '' _'      ,      ' '     ;'
Mr. White, land and "estate agent for.
the C. N. P. Coal' Co., was up Here on
business this week. „
Quite a number of new prospects are
being opened out up here at present,
showing-- great prospects' for the future. 7      *
The "working members of the C. C..L*
and A. A. gave a free smoker in the
club hall last, Saturday' evening which
was well attended. Mr. Geo. O'Brien
took the chair at 8 p.m. and. tho following, lengthy program waa.v gone
through without a hitch: .    .*
' Mr.' Wm. Puckey, song, Play that
Melody.iA.gain,; Mr.'R. Billsboro, comic'
They All Go On .the March, encore,
Postponed? Well, Rather; Mr. Smith,
song, She's My Lily of Lagoona; Mr!
J. 'McMllan, song," Beautiful Isle of the
Sea; Mr. T., Thomas, song, The Picture.'That 'Js Turned Towards the
Wall,*,.encore, .K.'C.' "Jones; Mr. J.
Crone, ""sang, A Patriotic Pattern to
the World; Mr. D. Oliver, song, Just
As You Are; Mr.'F. Smith, song, When
YoiT Know You're Not Forgotten;
Chorus by the Male Voice Party,
Come Where the Lilies Bloom; Mr. P.
Hesketh,- song," The Veteran; Mr. T.
Hutchinson, song,' "Can't Find Kelly,
encore.-Daily-Mail; Mr. J. Tyson, song,
Ora Pro. Nobis; Mr: J, Hamer, song,
Flight.of Ages, encore, Where the
Sunset Turns;'. Mr. W. Joyce,, song,
The Song That Reached My Heart,
encore,''Where Did You Get that Hat;
Mr. A. Holmes, ■ song,. Ring Down the
Curtain; Mr.- H. Lanfear, song,*Hearts
of.Oak;.Mr. J Dooley, song, One Touch
of Nature'-Makes tlie Whole World a
Kin; '- Mr. R. Sampson," song, ' Bonnie
Banks of Loch Lomond, encore, Annie
,♦ ♦.♦ ^ *
-77T.
■» «> ^ •♦ '♦
HOSMER   NOTES.-.
7 By, "Kritik."   ;.
;*»,
'■■■&■
-The .Michel club have .secured;.the, classic ^Standard ,011'7Bana of must-
»_.ln____*=Af=1\lT."^"l^_i"«^Tr=sT'_iT"f"ort*n   a a troiT_.'Tv.lnTlS     *Vvh__RO   l__l_r!a.hlA-'_.Vortl_rPS   WGrfi'
■TBervice^"CT^i^_ienfy"IIut"son as train
er to their team".'.. Harry is well knowii
In the-'football circle, having |played, in
* past years, as' goalkeeper' for "Hosmer.
- .The "team will journey to Frank on
Saturday, and. np..dqubt, aiyery^,fast
game will be wltnd*ssed..,'Frank in-
* tends* to \frin, so, does. Michel.  -.Tlie
, last game was won by Michel.'.   The
team to play is as follows: ■,'**"
^.lim' Moores, goalj.S. Moores and H.
., Eynijs, backs; J,.Ferguson (capt.), W.
Jenkins, J.- Watson, halves; Joo Har-
", per, F. Boddtrigto'n, Rev. G. Millett, H.'
Bi*own| S* Weaver, .forwards, '•
' A .pretty wedding was • solemnized
between Mr, R. L. Spruston, second
son of Mrs. Spruston,. of Mlcliel,>k.]ate
of Whitehaven, and Miss Edith Wright,
of Scaleglll, Moor Row, Cnmbeiinnd,
England, in'Fornie on Tuesday, .tho
Ubj, The pnrtlos woro married at ,tho
Mothodlst Church by tlio Rov', Dim-
' mien. Mr. II. Barloss officiating ns best
mnn and Miss Ruth Spruston as bridesmaid. The br,ldo looked vory charm-
JiiUi in a dross of cream Hllk not', together Willi veil nml oraiigo hloRsom.
Tho, wedding banquof, was, hold  In
, Kooionny Hotol, Now Michel, nt 8.30
"p.m., nt whicli tho following .guests
woro present. Mr & Mrs Spruston, Mr
niul Mrs. Joyce, Mr nnd Mrs Boll, Mr.
elans,"whose loudable'overtures were'
responded to In due conformity wllh
ancient custom and everybody joined
in*"'wishing-Mr hnd Mrs. R(" L. Sprus,
ton a pleasant journey along llfes way.
^-♦^♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*
4a* -^
•*■ COAL  CREEK   BY  1747- '♦
**• ""   ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦.♦♦
Miss Addle Jones left here last week
to spend a few weeks with-friends nt
Nelson.''    * -   .*
Mrs. Steve Hall and family arrived
back hero from Whitehaven, Eng., last
week after a n holiday of about 10
months. ' •""'
'. Miss Ruth Spruston loft here lust
Friday to spend a fow days ^vlth her
friends at Mlchol,   »
Joo Mitchell went down to Bellevue
to referee tliolr gnmo with Coloman
last Saturday",   ,
, Mr., nnd Mrs. Ed, Couglln drove
down to Morrissey nnd back Inst Sunday Mrs.'A. Watson arrived up horo
last Friday from Hosmor,* nnd Mr nud
Mrs, Wntson have taken -up housekeeping nt Houso No, 12, Riverside Avenuo,
Quite a numbor of CrookltcB visited
the show nt, Fornio this week, but it
takes all the plonsuro out of the trip
when you lmvo to walk both ways,
Laurie.^MiwJi—Worthlngton;—"songr
How* Paddy Stole' the Rope; Mr. W.
Birkett, song, Asleep*in the Deep; Mr
W. Puckey,*-song, I'm-.Around* There'
Every Night; Mr. G. Smith, song, Star
of. My,Soul; Mr. T. Thomas, song,
Who Threw Them' Chicken Feathers
at ..My-Door, encore, Standing'Twixt
Love and Duty. ■ Final,' Auld Lang
Syne, at which everyone stood up and
joined'hands all around and sang with
great enthusiasm, A hearty, vote of
thanks was passed to. the working
members, also the artistes' and Mr.
Chas, Percy," tho accompanist, for the
enjoyable evening that had beon given
ro members. '
Mrs. Jnnies Maddison arrived up
here last Sunday, coming from Couiity
Durham, England,,. ,
Tho Coal Creek tonm ihat, has beon
selected to defeat Bellevuo according
to the Terror, Is' as follows: Thos.
nanus (capt.) gonl;' Wm. Parnell and
Thomas Onkloy, backs; John Sweeney,
John Manning, Jnmes Ban*, halves;
Goorgo Booth, Owen Jolson,,.!, Pilklng-
ton, Potor Jolson, Bort UnrtwcH, forwards, Rosorvos, Percy lleskotli nnd
John Mills, .Rofereo, Jnmes Wilson,
of Fertile, Kick off nt, 2,-15 nt'Conl
Crook. Como nnd see tho Red and
Whito mnko tho other, follows fool
"Uluo*—n vory piUhotlc nomblnutlon,
.♦  ■■       '■.'■*. •*■_      *;'-' -* •**
*•-. ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦,♦■ ♦ '•***■' ♦ ♦, ♦'<►'
'; Analysis of school-, attendance .for
month;.of May, in "which"-there" were
22' school,* days: Senior;Division-
Fourth' .Grade: Bessie Leadbeter, A.
Saxon Kearney," were'present 21 days.
Third Grader-Gretta * Rankin'; Mary
Millar, A., James Millar, were, present
21 days. Lena Spencer, Dofeen Kearney and Andy Kennedy,-were "present
20 days.- Second ' Grade:' Gladys
Thompson, .Maggie Leadbeter and Alfred Vallee, "made full attendances:
James Hedley was present 21 days;
Jenny Strachan and ..Willie-Spencer
were present1'20 days. • -First*Grade.
Annie Pondeleck; Christina krish, Leonard Ayro and Willie Kelly made full
attendance; , Willie'* Robertson 'and
Mary Ezzy were present 21 days.* Au-
bry; Davis", teacher: , • -. -
J 'Junior Division—Class A.: Sidonia
Pondelecek made full attendance; Flo-
rence* Miller and -James, Bennett1 were
present 21 i-i'--days; Ralph Tortoralli
ancl Laddie Krlsli were present 21
days; Blanche Labelle was present 20
days. Class B: Laura-Labelle waspret
senf'211^ days. James Miller was present 21 days, Peggy Strachan. and
Hazel Valine were present 20 days.
Class'C: 'Campbell Ezzy was present
21 days, Edna Gourlay and Joe Taver-
hese were' present 20% days. Class D:
Antonia Pondelecek made full attendance; --Life's Valine, Theodore Vallee, arid Douglas Miller were present
21 "days.'. Tony. Tavernese was present 20 days.- ■ ..Christina .-D. Y. Pit-
blado, •T..L.A., teacher.
There are individuals living in this
community who shoot birds for'sheer
wantonness and as they are not iike-
ly to- desist * because' of a'dvice other
means will be taken to compel therif to
cease murdering' the little birds. Game
Warden' Jack, Lewis was here this
week an. will make'a*thorough investigation. . When the, culprits are discovered ,,they will., be dealt with as
they deserve.'and given the extreme
penalty of.,the law.
. Mr -.and _trs. Clarence - Hiltz are'
rejoicing over the advent of-a bouncing'boy who.arrived last Monda'„._and_
Foot Powder Through the Head
s—-—
lw
You may not IiiivouhixI much .iscrotion l.oi*et.ofore in buying foot-
wear. It hnn Iioon protty much lileo putting H lcttoi. into nn onvo-
lopo--. o lout; uh its out of Hi'^lit tlmt'. Hiillloiunt. If you avo rightly hIick! you ought novor tb know pool troublo. I'orhiip.syomlo
not oven know tho sizo you tako. Somo folk no moro know tlio*nizo of
thoir ololhing than a pon knows tho sizo of llio pod which sholtors it. This
omplinsiHOM tho im'portnnoo of skiilod nasi.stnneo to insuro von ngninst
purchasing discomfort.
who will aid-in swelling the census returns of Hosmer.'. . -., -
., Miss.Grace'Miller ;while returning
from a' neighbor's house on "Monday
met with a very painful accident by
slippfng do.wn and spraining her ankle.
, Miss Marx - returned homei this week
after spending a very enjoyable three
months' vacation with her brother/
' Little Louie Jarvis who has been ailing for. some time past sat up for'the
first time on her birthday, Tuesday,
and It Is expected that quarantine will
be "raised In a ,iow days.. We wish
the-child-a quick return .to normal
health.                                  ,■"*
* Mrs. Kendal went to Nelson this
week to try to* recover a very valuable cat thnt had been inadvertently
left .behind.
* Miss' Jennie Smith has gone to, !icr
homo, ln Grnnum. Alln., for a weok'3
vh.lt to her relatives nnd friends, '
- Mr. Al, Portlor cnmo bnck from
Kamloops Tliursdny week nlmont recovered* from the severe attack of
rhouniiitlc fovor from which ho has auf.
fered so ncutely.
Messrs. Drummond, Mnrx nnd Watson took n tlo pnss on Friday ovenliie.
to nttond 'Tho Bnrrler" In _ ornl*-*-.
Mr. nnd Mrs. Wrlulit drove Into our
nearby conl cily Saturday last,
Dr. John Nny, from Einmorson, Onl..
Is tho guest of Dr. C, P. Higglim Ihls
wook,
Mr, Reynolds, of Nolson, visited Mr.
nnd Mr». Kolidnl nt tlio IliinU of Mont-
ronl this week.
Mr. Wnll or Hnrwood, of Fornio, «:ir
Boon envoi'!Ing nround town on Tiiof*
dny on n sinolco and mnoll cvole.
Mr, Silencer lilts n gang of mon
working on llio school grounds romov
Ing stiinipH nml clniinlng up toiioimII,.',
wlillo Mr, Dnvls Ih ..pending lit'-* holl*
dnys lictiiitlfylng tho nlfo by plni'.iliu
^ +■ ♦ ♦ ♦-^♦♦^^.^^
<_*.' - ; ■     - ■ * • ,^,
-fr     COLEMAN NOTES BY 22      ■<*
♦     "      '*. • "*-„ :."..       '♦
♦'♦^ ♦''♦.♦"'♦-♦ ♦ <> -» -^
' A League football, meeting was held
at BelJcyue. on Saturday,.-June '.id',
at .-hicl.'rppresenit'tives from .\liche.,
Coal Creek,7Coieman and .- Bel'evue
.were present.' J. Johnstone*"was secretary,'but ".owing, to the inability, of
tiie chairman to attend, Copeland. officiated in his stead. Secretary read
minutes of previous meeting, and same
were duly adopted!' It was proposed
that Wilson, of Fernie,'be electedoas
referee. Referees being apnolnted- for
following dates of league' matches*
June loth ,to July'18th 'inclusive. ' It
was proposed and seconded that referees be allowed.train fare and hotel
expenses, when travelling toand from
a,match, also the alloted fee for same.
Carried. Proposed and seconded that
the Muntz Cup be played; for only by
league teams *who had paid their lea-
*gu'e" entrance fees; also that each
team wishing to compete-pay fhe sum
of $10 fourteen clear days previous to
the date .of first-round.
It was also' agreed that the first
three teams d|*awn have a bye, and the
two remaining teams pay for the' first
round. On drawingt the following
teams ha'd a* bye: Michel, Frank and
Bellevue, Coal Creek and Coleman being left they play the first round on
the 15th of July on Coal Creek ground.
Some discussion then ai-ose as to the
Crahan Cup.'which was left over to the
next meeting to be held in Fernie on
July 8th,- 1911.' ■       ,      "
Coleman vs. Bellevue
, Bellevue, being late on the field,
caused some of the spectators to think
they .were afraid of their opponents.'
Coleman won the toss, and immediately seized the favor of,the" wind;, some
exchange, in mid-field -resulted in a
breakaway by Bellevue.which was finally saved by Fraser. The game'then
became fast and furious,-resulting in
a penalty' kick in favor of Belleyue,
which_was made good use of, Gomme
scoring,No. 1. .Bellevue again* came
away, in a mad rush, resulting in Dun-
dale scoring No. 2. ' -Fine passing was
then seen by, the Coleman forwards,
when Emmerson put, in a' fine shot
'th^t"wa.-goarNo7'TT*or Coleman"
Coleman
Hotel
W. H; Murr   -   Prop.
CONCRETEBLOCK
COTTAGES
_ >
Chimney   Blocks
4 in., SEWER PIPES
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Prices
W.   ,  ' N|.     D IC K EN. *
How About that  Drain?
T. W. Davies
,.- "HAyE A GLASS'
"It will do' ssou good, and besides it
isn't always you're invited to test a
superior brand like this.' -
.. There's no gainsaying but what the
. *    j ., . ->     . ,       .
■'SUPERIOR'WINE
sold here Is n genuine builder up of
the system. ' Claret punches or sherry
cobblers made from wine sold here are
simply irres'istnble."  For 'all itinds of
,   - ■ - *
wine.buy from us.-
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman,
dflB_S______SS
s
I N G K R
EWING
*
t.
■*.
t
$ MACHINE   CO
SB_faBB__a_9B_l
Dignity In Ladles1 Shoos   Tonnls & Athletic Shoos
8UEOE T0P8, PATENT or KID VAMPS
From   $4.00   to   $5.50
IHH. you lmvo not nlwnyH piirolm-jeil p'.ciihiuo
In loiuhcr, lmvo you? Vou ought to hnvo dono
ho; you bought wrongly, Kxporienco Iiiih io*
Bulled in niftklliR footwear or Limta of Pom.
f .;, _.!.__. tuvatia minion mat Ijisis—If you
buy rip.!-..,
Men's Tan.  of Tasto
OXFORD OR BLUCHER 8AL
From *4.M» tn f a Pfl
Don'I, Judgo a shoo thro' a window!-- In-
»pect Uio stock—fool the leather—noto eho
potnii—Comparo values, If you pay 11,00 got
n dolli-ir'* vnluo Tlilu system keeps our Delivery
Department busy.
WHITE or Blue DUCK, LEATHER or BUDBEH
80LE8, from 00c, to $1.00
By
good-luck'the wind changed two minutes, from half time, thus ^Coleman had
the "gods in their favor. '"-Within five
minutes lifter resumings**play Varley
put hr:two more,goals for Bellevue
which was fine play. -'Barnes nnd Holmes scored for. Coleman, the termination of the' match being Bellevue 4,
Coleman" 3." "Mitchell, Coal Creek, referee. * " . . '■
'Council Meeting *
Present: Mayor Cameron, Councillors Clarke, Holmes, Shone and McDonald. . The bluff appears to be a
bluff for' some considerable tin.e as
the representative of tho O. I*. IV. is
continually delaying his visit to Coleman, so West Coleman rtsi I vita luno
to' uso that dnngoji'iis way of walking on the trade. Minutes of previous meeting wero adopted.
It was "agreed that tho tnnnU clhb
be allowed' to extend their ground.
Flro Chief's roport wns accepted 'and
tlio necessary requisitions granted.
That tho commltteo report thnt a
rond could be mado.leading from Vic-
torla Avonuo to tho comotory and that
tho cost would not exceed $!lfi0 Including mils round tho comotory. The'!
council then decided to go lu body to
Inspect the proposed work, |
Tho _ Works Commltteo reported,
work complete In First Stroot, also,
bridge niul rondB In' Wont Coleman'
would bo comploto In u fow dnys. j
Tho License* Commit (co gnvo a fnv*
ornblo roport.
It won nlno ix-poited that ci-riulii
licenses worn Htlll unpaid. Authority
was glvon thnt lhe lnw must In* an-
forced In fnvor of llioao who Imd nl*
roady mot vvltli tlio conditions laid
down.
Alt on! Ion was dinwn lo tlio fnct tlmt
the park wiih i-oiiiliiiiully needing now
THE POLLOCK__WJ N E_CO Nl PAN Y-
i Fernie.  B. C.
WM.     BARTON
Agent    Fernie   Branch
Ave. . North
X
>■
>-
)■
>'
)'
1
>•
>■
A-
I-
t
i.
t
_
i
I Pellatt
When1
v,*.r*i
__.«.-1 j
, pruinng, yon
'•.up! i.yod print-
0*.,. .-.--i >'fc the
,_i_c *.,_<i_**t.t*r th«
ing.    Tlmt's i!:*y ki.i.-i
right p:-,n*_,.     til-.   >.
■same ciTancsryon-wvJMii «..3t. icmhiPhSBi'ti"
merch-ini.—trade at lioin-- *'       _   ,
eber's
New Michel
ii
& Blairmore
flowers ntul Inndflcnpo himUwIpi nnd j mils inoiiiul,    HtopH nro being Inekn
will coiitluun to do ho inilosH lie 'tnlu-sj to lmve UiIh viiikIiiIIhiii Mtnppod.
n notlnii to rrosH tlio lnliiv oceim."    <    Tlio nioelhig (h«i ndjourtiod until
Don't mnko yonr fool, fit, n ulioo—got n shoe
tliut fits your foot!     Don't buy IIOSB with
••rxxx't" fn  »*..£.•„-..   u  *
thro' tli-?. bond,
~in>,ttiit,  iux_ft*powu«,*r
Whoro Shall I Go?
One moro Journey for nchlng, tortured feet
to onr Hfwlprw r,n,t ov-r? r\:„i.;,^.u.;6 i» iim
footwear to Hun, Walk or Dance In with plea*
sure. Wo consider our stock of over 100 different lnsts *nd 960 pairs of fancy Hoso tlio
. fIncut possible chance to procure foot comfort.
Vou owo your feet tbe ndvantaue or an Investigation.
Mr. Sum Hnrtloy Van piirrimnnl n
liorso nud Hiuldlo for llio punioio of
both duty nnd plonuun1.
Mr, flnm Snoll, ono of Iho Mont-am
nnd moHt popular young mon of Hoh-Jf-i'.ik- fi
mer. loft for N>Ihoii nn Tims.lny./niry- (• vule
Frldny nt 7.,*ll)
'llio roport of llio prliiciptil of iln
ncnaa] rognrdlni tittPiid.'itK"' I« mi lf,l
lo'vi:
 !'!,
i  sr,
ll.O.
;: |. .
1 ,u*.
I>",
-1 I'.'
Ing with hlm nmong his tion-f-l'ock- Ct.'do 2           .■*•_
nblo hnggngo tho vory host w|h1*->h of flinlc :i ,..M»
U|h iiunioroiiH frlondB, (Uvdo 4 ',... sf»
Mm, Dunlinr and Mlna Dyaen were     ThU l» an iiu.-rav-rmi'iit of nonrly 121
vUltora |o Fornio Tuoniljy Insl. I per rent iih an nvorni****     Tho-ivnr-iMi
V.r, I), ii, V''Iboii left on Monday fori nttondnnco In onch clnim in 40 dnllv.   I
&mmmmmm«btB*m9>«n.m>m <
|     Grand Theatre. Fernie
i
i
Fernie's Popular Play House
The TRITES-WOOD CO., Ltd.
n i'lil  •.!<.'__,U Vdr-Uio'i lit Moiiiiinn.
Con«table Hartley :i!-*<.7t<*d n tramp
lr*t Patur-lsy for drn-.l:, nne*-* f,nd fil**
cn'crly conduct, an.l its j iomiIi Iii
wna Riven ton ilnyR linnl lnbor ae a
Viiji. finiiitini
Mrs. D. 0, Wilson left on Wednes*
dnr for a fow weeks visit among: hor
many friends' lit n»nkh*witl, Altn.
il
NOTI8
*ir. oo'
■fi.Ortj!
In order to moot with the wIhIior of
the K*-*n<r;*l public bolow fs Hiibmltiodj
the (Oh! of ting polo nud oxpoimon in-1
currod Incldont thereto: j
J, Andoifon, pole
Predion, p»Jo .
DlBKlng hole ...
Hnrdwnro  	
Ilosltlng       30.001
Palnllng      11.M]
Kxpres«nge on ropo   3,-ij
, t .cldw.tal   i
TotMl    |i*».r.e
i
■PlRnod, AF.BX. CAMi:nON'    ]
Chnfrmsn [
Some of the ratepayer* are wond-r-r*'
A High Class Program of
Pictures Tonight
I
Chlof of Police onsksr veta rmvaran*
dr. ndrf-titen ot Andrew nklund en
AtviiAk for Att (Jii .loriom ofvorlemne
otlo doll-ir-J "ff*fl> foto hsn easor ar
Jmns, Han arMade fnr Cro-r'n Vcat
Pa-** l.umbor Co., at Wardner,
^JT-m* ar mttfar IA tiler Id or irattt-] .nie whin the promised ladder for tbo;
maf .-vh rnnHr™ ftrficrnr GaU',k<»sl I llr# XliwhiX*' **,\\ We torthroml-njr ns It t
totontntt nifd l«mti.r Indmtri. \\» udly nc-edicd. j
|  Prices
MKM»>J
The Ledger for your Job Work Pf.
. *-v_-
■^v-r*"-.**-:
*■■*■; ,\.
i'-i, **-.
. ^ ■>■•>., .
j*-,- ..*<!;-=- .-,
.---'„->„-«.-_;.-»
, S.V*.._..
*.  .-
'   .■**■.--
*"?*    v."*'
•  _-:
PAGE SIX
A
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., JUKE 10,1911.
i'    . ■ *        --.'-*    '   ""'"*>    (*-'■■ ■*.'" '--•-■, . -  &
i _p. *      i ■    -#•'. ■ ""■■■■.I   mil   ' • "   £H■•■'■■'"--       <*'<*
*. ____   _ 1 >*,,'-■• _- **' ___       '     ill   1 v *    ■   1    -V '•___■
osi ons
K.vv»VV»*f*»'»¥vy*f¥V¥¥¥**fJ^**^
its
.A very interesting lecture, i-^Uatrat-
©d with lantern slides and on*? Or two
chemical experiments,. was g-*v**5-_i on
Friday evening at* the Workr*-"*"*-**"*-!. Institute, Rhymney, by Mr. JOshua
Thomas, of the University ColieE-a. Cardiff. The lecture haa'a specif* interest to Rhymney miners and pc0We by
, reason of the personality of tl»e Voung
lecturer, who was an old st'J'-Wt of
the Rhymney Evening Classed* About
three years* ago he won a sch^^rship,
■> and .entered Cardiff UniverS-'-V College. f_n that occasion, he ^'-is the
recipient of a number of book**-**, Publicly presented to him as a testimony of
the esteem in which ho was ■'■"-ild by
reason of tho high moral and feUgious
qualities of his character, and his use-
' ful co-operation in social and f6Uglou8
movements at Abertysswg an*-* Hhym-
1 ney. The lecturo on Friday ^'as arranged under the auspices of th* Technical .Education Committee, ancl drew
a crowded audience, which g^o the
young lecturer a hearty recep-J0 ., and
listened most appreciatively tP his interesting lecture. Mr. J. "*-,*. Price,
who presided, expressed his dtf-'Uht at
seeing so crowded an attend**n*Je to
encourage Mr. Thomas, who, trough
the medium of the Evening" ^lasses
had gained such distinction,- afl^'Vhose
conduct at the University' nft. won
such  golden  opinions  that P****-- term
. there had been extended for a .other
. year.'     Ho believed *Mr.  Th^as,. if
- given life and health, would devote
himself and his abilities to tl1*-"* good
'.of the,community (applause).
The lecturer said that now a*1^ igaiti
the civilized world was. applied by
thc'loss of hundreds of lives trough
some mining disaster or earthquake.
This i was the consequences ol -Nature
making an effort to right hers.1?.Thus
•we*_ad volcanic eruptions an"*** earthquakes, or it might be that -Nature's
laws had been broken, and tUe penalty had to be paid by hum&n lives,
perhaps by shipwreck or' rail^y disaster, or a colliery explosion. * ' h was
with the latter that he was personally
interested. Mr. Thomas the. ■reviewed the .earlier'stages-of coal Produc-
, tion (which began to be used -f0**" commercial purposes'"in the twelfth century) and difficulties which _■>*•* to be
met, and the rough and ready •tn*-**-de of
naeall-__g^'it_^He^7~U^t6^b'3~^twlier
part of  the  nineteenth  ceiit****1>,  gas
alone was held to be the cauS*3 of ex-
. plosions.    '..Before the introd*tfcUon of
the Davey and Stephenson laiflPs, men
would go Into a mine wrapped I. sack
cloth, saturated with water, aud advance'toward the place where the gas
was located, and creeping aloi**£- would
hold a long pole with a llghte**1 candle
at the end of lt, and with th-*8 would
fire tlie gas, and while the fl-**.-*1**"") passed along the roof, the miner *. °Uld lay
flat on the floor.'   As,the tfi'-les bo-
came deeper, these gases had lot tho
snme chance of escape.     At --ho beginning of the eighteenth cen^'ty, explosions began to bo frequent) find In
1705 tho first great explosion l^npened
ln a pit neni* Gateshead, when thirty
lives woro lost.     "The blast/' H wna
recorded, "was so fierce that si* Individuals woro blown out   of   tl**-*-! pit's
mouth.'     Everything thnt c0**lfl    be
thought of to provont explo^^iiB of
-gns wns tried, except diluting thr. gas,
bo as to render.lt harmless, b-/'**_prov-
Ing tho ventilation.    Gns migl-t accumulate- very quickly by the outburst
of a blower or a suddon fall hi tho
barometer,, and  where   unite-*-*   lights
wero used, it' could bo flrod.      _i tho
onrllor dnys of mining, Ihey UBofl de-
cnylng fish Instead of candles il< order
to 'avoid explosions,     This wtis foi-
lowed by tho Bpoddlng stool rti'-l. The
mill wns nttnehod to the wo'-H of a
boy, who held a flint In ono Wbd nn-
nltiflt tho wheel, which wns rr»P*<lly ro
tated by the other' hand.' The' eteel
mill remained ia use for, years,' but towards the ea'd of the ■ eighteenth century, it was suspected of-haying caused , many explosions. About a century- ago,,1 Dr., Clancey began his .experiments on* safety lamps, but it was
not until 1815 that Davey and Stephenson invented their lamps, and a reliable thing of that kind came upon the
market. Contrary to expectations,
however, this did not put an end to
firedamp explosions. Instead of us*
ing the lamp as an indicator of danger
it was used tn a reckless manner.
Great. Explosions
In 1845 a great explosion occurred
at Haswell, Durhnm, when 95 lives
wero lost. During the Inquiry-.that
followed it was shown* that the method
of finding tho velocity of the current
of air travelling through the mine waa
to light some black powder, and ob
servo the time taken by the smoke to
pass over a given distance.,Up to that
period, explosions were confined to the
North of England, where the mines
were older and deeper, but from 1854
explosions had been known, In every
coalfield. In that year two serious
ones happened—one at Risca and one
in' Durham. ■ Following these came the
Gethm explosions, In 1862-65; Ferndale
1867; then Abercarn, Penygralg, Morfa
and a host of other's. Up to thirty
years ago little' attention was paid to
coal dust as tbe cause of an -explosion. Professors Faraday and Lyell
In their reports of the Haswell explosion of 1844, said: "In considering
the extent' of the fire, It must not be
supposed that firedamp was its only
fuel. The coal dust swejit up by the
rush of wind would constantly take fire
and burn if there ''were- enough C02
present to ., support its combustion.
There was every reason to believe that
much coal gas was made from this
dust in.the very, air Itself in the mine."
Unfortunately Faraday's evidence was
overlooked for many years, and it was
not until Professor Galloway, who in
137.' carried out several experiments
in coal dust, that mining engineers of
this country began to realize its. dan*
zerous' properties, and It was ,tb him
that the - credit must be given.1 ' The
result of these experiments showed
(1) That firedamp explosions In a wet
mine never1 by any chance," assumed
_4- n jr\ _ n*l« n _i_ __**•_ *_*__**-_•___.   __»_f»_t_**_r.i__r_.*«J-I _r*t*n _a__r-_.P__._n__. _rv_
tuC'tliui a*ui*oi -*(jj — i*iU\J\JI i,lvaaia~\jir-a'^jl
explosions; (2) "that all great explosions took place In dry and dusty
mines.? Pure firedamp explosions could
be caused by, igniting the gas,by naked
lights, defective lamps, blown ' out
shots, or by the use of long flame ex
plosives. It could also be fired by the
emission of sparks from falls ot roof,
friction of machinery, and lt had been
proved that sparks caused by,, the blow
of the pick on a nodule of Ironstone
would Ignite firedamp. In spite of
tho experiments of Professor Galloway
and Hail, the"report of the Royal Com
mission in 1886 showed that all the
evidence, with the exception of that
of the two gentlemen named, 'that,
it was Improbable that dust would do
more than Increase the range of a firedamp explosion."
i* "
Fired by Blown-Out Shots
But the Commission of 1891 came
to the conclusion thnt coal dust alone,
without the presence of any gns, could
causo a dangerous explosion if Ignited
by a blown-out Bhot,' thoy said, "the
conditions must bo exceptional, and
nro only llkoly to bo produced on rnro
occasion!!." Tlio caiiBo of tho Taylors-
town explosion In 1890 wnB attributed
to a blown out shot, nnd nt Senghon-
ydd In 1901, 'tho causo wns unknown,
hut the general opinion wns that Its
oxtont wns duo to tho presence of fine
coal dust." Mr. RobHon, TI. M. Inspector, In his roport, snld; "It Ib now
nnlvcrBally admitted thnt conl dust Is
n grontor enemy thnn oven flrodnmp,"
It
The Wattatown disaster in, 1905, in
which 119 lives were lost, was attributed to shot firing.; What seemed to be
most mysterous about these explosions
was thaV.out of millions of shots fired,-
only one in'10,000 or even 100,000 caused1 an .explosion. Out of sixty'.fatal
explosions attributed to shot firing during, the last twenty years, only six
were definitely stated that' have resulted from blown out shots, three ignitions were recorded to have-fired
gas by blowing through from the back
end. The catastrophe of Courrleres
provoked a profound and sad surprise
amongst,the,French engineers. Two
French scientists pointed out over
thirty years ago "that this "very fine
coal dust, rich in Inflammable constituents, would increase the intensity of
an explosion of firedamp, aiid prolong
Its extent.' Yet in 1882, the French
Firedamp Committee came to the following conclusion; "That they rejected
the theory, that coal dust was not a
serious danger, and maintained that no
colliery explosion of any importance
could be attributed with any probability, to the action of coal dust.' Their
scepticism cost Frarice 1,100 lives.-*,
Following this terrible disaster, the"
French hastened to atone for .'their .unbelief by making a scientific' Investigation, into the coal dust problem.1 In
August, 1908, some trials were made at
Altoffs Colliery, Yorkshire,'when .50
pounds "of coal dust* was spread over
450 feet of gallery. , The explosion
was so violent that'three boilers forming the intake were wrecked and several' pieces, of boiler plate, blown into
the air a considerable height,- the flame
shot to a great length, and ,the vibration was felt .more than seven miles
away. A certain' amount of dust, the
lecturer' explained, was made at the
face, but this was so mixed up w,Ith
the larger particles that it was not so
dangerous as if the fine dust was separated from, the coarse. The explri-
siveness depended to a great extent
upon its fineness, the finer the dust .the
higher the explosive. ; In* many cases
explosions had been arrested not for
the want of dust,, but the lack of fine
dust.   \       y .'..,*■
,  .,How. Dust Collects  '
The .chief sources for producing dust
wore: (l).Coal escaping from- the
trams, through    cracks,, overloading.
ation;
plicy
of this Gonipahy to
embody illtHe ^7;
and where -bars are used j instead of
doors, the-small dust running-out at
the  ends.      This, got' crushed under
in perfected form, die.best typewriter ideas by
. whomsoever ^advanced. - •*, Y :
For our latent manifestation of this policy, inspect the!
-new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. l(j and 11, which
embody every desirable feature extant—PLUS an Adding'
andSubtracUngMechanisni which constitutes an innovation.
The voice that cried in the wilderness 30 years ago:
1 ,^c=5^ "Yoii. cannot afford to write in the
old way;" now acclaims with equal'
convictiori:"You cannot afford to
calculate in the old way." ,   '    -
Remington Typewriter Company
1 (Incorporated)
,   818 Pender Street
,    ,    Vancouver, B. 0.
asr*
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D, 0;;8.7   .
-J'y y *  dentist"''-'."", --,..•:*.. '•*■-
1 ... ** '     •_,   --• „ .«. !",-,' .7
i,'-'        ,   "'     „■■ "   "?-.'.-   '.   --"-." . ,j',
■. Offi-*"-,*: Johnson-Faulkner Blpck. '..-,
Houra 9-12; 1-6;     . .*';"* "'•'... Phbiio 74
'ernie
B. C.
.     DR. J. BARBER, DEMTI8T     7
*-'*..-. " -' '   •_ - <-" ■"■
Office Hemderson Block, Fernie B.C.
,    HourB 9" to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
"','.'.'*'        .      *".■■■••     1-
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.     '
W. R. Ross K. C.
W. 8. Lane
LUMBER CO.
A. MeDougall, Mgr
*-** -i,
yi
ROSS,   MACDONALD snd  LANE
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
.Canada.
L. P, Eckstein
D. E_ McTaggart
ECK8TEIN &'MCTAGGART
Sixty Y0*kra lho Standard
Dr.P_.ICFS
C/REAM
baking Powder
It  makes   home baking easy
•t***-!      _rff«r/i«*l       imtnAW •»**•««•»       _,_.*
*__.»      t*~ • %,*s        *»*^,w»j        *_r«v*«W*        UUU
cleaner to&d litau Site "ready**
made." There is no baking
powder of preparation like It
or equal lo it for quickly and
perfectly taking tlie delicate
hot biscuit* hot bread, multln.
cake and pastry.
NoAlum^No Lime Phosphates
"Alum tn f>M<ilng powder Is dan-
gerous nnd Should be prohibited*"
—IVo/. Sch*vcttzcr, State Univ., Mo*
feet, and the fine dust was raised by
the air current on to the side's, ledges,
and the timbers;' (2):"dust was blown
from the top of the trams, especially
where rapid haulage is in force,' and
as they passed out fromi the face they,
would notice that the dust increased
with the distance.  • Twenty    yards
from th-;-, face there was practically no
dust, but a hundred yards away they
could see It accumulated In different
Places. "This thickened' as they got
to the heading and was further increas'
ed when they got to the main haulage
road; (3)   Dust was also carried down
the downcast shaft from, tho screens
on the surface, and thus the air was
poisoned before It actually entered the
mlno.   In a certain colliery, on a road
noar tho bottom, and whero no haulage
was in forco duiit had accumulated six
Inches thick on tho sides, nnd two to
throo Inches deep on tho road; ■   The
dust thus carried by nlr was not only
the flnosl, but tho moat oxploslvo.   To
meet    theso    difficulties,    dust-proof
trnms should bo provldod, and tho dunt
from screens proventod from    going
down the shaft.   Tho haulage speed,
too, should bo limited to olght milos
an hour.    It. was with tho objoct of
finding out othor remedies.1 and nlso
to- domonutrnto the Inflammability of
conl dust Mint numerous oxporlmontH
Woro now boliif*. carried out,    So fnr
as tlio British experiments had (.one,
It wn. shown that (1) duBtloas zonet?
In front of conl dust, woro unsiiRcons-
ful; (2) mixed dunt Minos were purl.,
nlly BiiccoBBfuI; (3) stono dust eonos
In front of dunt cones an arrnnBomont
entirely the Invention'of Mr. flarforlh
—Iiiih proved most BiicccBBfiil,     The
action of alono dust showod tlmt «,ho
Instant tlio flnmo ronohod It, It roHn
In n cloud und dlHtrlbiitoil ifnolf In
tho bnily of tho flnmo wllh n cniiHldei*
ablo coolliiR effect owIiir to tlio Ineom-
biiHtlble nut uro of tho diiBt; •_.. 1-2H0
thlcku-iA« of diiHt propoitntoil nn explosion, 'iim French oxporlmoiit uliow-
ed liiftt, i\'i diiHt which contilncil (do
moHt volntllo nml tor wnn tho most ox-
plosive; when llio pprccntnge wns below 11 por conl. II wim not so onsily
flrod. anllirncllo wiih difficult to Ignlto.
CD   'Hie spor-il nnd proHHiu-o ot dual
oxploslotiB lncren«od nn thoy trnvollod
wver dry nnd mmty ronds.    The Aua-|
iiLxy «.*(.«._ ..iimu'i*. •m'.uv.i--,*: ti'nU ui add-
ed nlono dust lho limit of danger was
not pawned und-cr 57 ^r ■wit.     V,'Uh
i to 0 per cent of molHtiiro In the dunt
tho rinks of nn axploHlon woro illmln-
-iMioit*, i.u.. *M*ri«.fi 11 {'(.nimnm.  |^ j.c.-
cont no explosion would 1>o produced.
Tn a wet cone, (lio flnmo would ex-
tIrtKUtnti atior trftvi'lllnp; "A yurds.    Tn
the United Stales tho    experiments
showod that stone dust was oteleM tin-
lcntt 11. wnn nn flnn   nit thn conl donl:
Tho latter being otherwise so ranch
l.jrh'f-T, thn blunt i»*on|t! Tslf-IC the eatil
dust only.    Tho atmosphere had littlo
or no effect iiikw the r-t-plotlven-*--*!
but 30 per cent of mnlntur. In the dust
mad* U tato.   All the bltnmlnona dost
proj«.*_ri*i!«*fl #_p*lfti!«r,«  •mont  T*»r4tll*r.
Mnny nrorttnlntlr/,* ww now In fti<*
and amonifcut tl.«-m wag the wnterinu of
Irams.    Tt whh rlnlm-_>d by «omo an
thorltles that water under" pressure
.was, ineffective, but that jets' with
compressed air.were better. Dr. Thornton, Newcastle,, had, suggested the" using of soapy water,' as this Jformed a
film over the. dust: par tides', in the
case "of ordinary watering, the water
soon dried up ,and the dust again released, but soapy "water left it in a
kind, ot paste... The general opinion
of witnesses-before, the,, Royal Commission was that wet zones, 100 yards
long.and'isolating every district, would
be the best* preventative. In South
Wales, watering was largely adopted,
but in the.North of England and the
Midlands, the'.effect of watering on
the roof and sides would be disastrous 'Thereof there was generally of
a shaley and clayey nature, and would
crumble to pieces in a short time in
-water.' ..In conclusion, he said that
the safest preventative to adopt was
to take' oyery,. possible precaution to
prevent accumulation of gas and dust,
and • thus; prevent rather- than arrest
explosions. *;'They could regard firedamp as a cap detonator, and coal
dust as dynamite. ',Possibly, .it was
too much. to.expect explosions to cease
altogether; but the spread of education
and intelligence' and the facilities for
,obtainIng_____kriowledge_.were--theT-best-
means to promote-the'safety of-colliers.*"       .-,•''.■-'     . ' .*   ,
On Monday,'Mr., J. Thomas delivered
the lecture to a large audience at the
Workmen's Institute, Abertysswg. The
lecture was illustrated by some interesting experiments, "one* of, which was
the- propagation of a flame through
a glass tube 14 feet long, showing the
nature of the explosion. Another experiment, showing the explosiveness of
dust, in which a quantity of lycopodlum
dust (which is found-fossilized in the
"better-bed coal") which was blown into a box in which a flame was gurning.
The dust cloud took fire and a mina-
ture dust explosion resulted, Mr.
David Kendrlck, colliery manager, took
the chair. Merthyr (Mon.) Express.
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
Fi C. Lawe
Alex. I, Fisher
FOREST" EXPERT FOR
"   BRITISH COLUMBIA
TORONTO, May 30.—Under an ar-
rangem'ent effected by Hon. Frank Cochrane, minister of lands, forests and
mines for,,Ontario, the Hon.'.Wm. R.
Ross, minister of lands for British Columbia!, a reorganization of the forest
protection-system for the Pacific .province will be inaugurated upon' the
lines established by Hon. Mr. Cochrane
in Ontario.    ■   *   *~
.Hon. Mr. Ross visited Toronto and
went closely intp'„the details of Ontario's system,' and secured copies of
the Ontario forest fire act', regulations
for forest and fire rangers, equipment,
and other data',       '7
. On his return home the British Columbia minister made application- to
Ontario "for^a practical superintendent
to take charge of organizing the new
fire ranging service in the field.. Hon
Mr. Cochrane has assigned W. H. McGregor,* of Cache Bay, Manitoulin district, to the work, and he is-nbw'com-
- ■ tit *
mencing his duties in this province. *.
7 Mr, McGregor is one'of'the'best
men in the Ontario service. During
his. work here he will be paid by the
McBride government.
LAWE, &.FISHER
/..ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C."
Loans
L
Manufacturers of and Deal-.
t t   '      ■•        1 >  . ^ .■   **
, ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber.   ,
«-"-.-. -; '*'   ',' *,
Send us your orders
. On first ciasi
business and rest*
dentlal, property.
DROP  IN   AND /TALK  THE
. MATTER   OVER   WITH   US
,   -   „   :•>,,., 7 . ,-. *> . -; .    ' *•**
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffat,
ROAJ
HO III
FERNIE
TO BE WORLD'S GREATEST PORT.
The , Chesapeake and : Ohio, . Norfolk* and Western and the.Virplnian
roads are planning to make Hampton
Roads, Ya., the greatest coal port- In
the world, taking supremacy from Cardiff, Wales/which has been In the van
for over half a century. Last year
between 12,000,000 and 15,000,000 ton's
of hard and soft-coal were handled, at
Cardiff while Hampton Roads, with
threo distinct piers at Lambert's Point,
Sewall's Point- and .. Newport ' News,
maintained by the three roads, handled a grand total of 9,520,818 tons
distributed as follows: Chesapeake and
Ohio, 4,087,540. tons and tho Virginian
1,139,291 tons.
On Race Suicide
Our duty as physicians is to nave
life.     Lot ub not shirk It.
Tho subject of race suicide is jiist
now engaging tho attention of cortnln people who profess to see ln It
tho total extinction , of tho liunvm
fnmlly. All sorts of restrictive legislation is alrondy on the stauito books
nncl occasionally .somobndy Ib sont
tc jnll. Moro legislation Ip demnnded
nnd severe penalties advised.
Tho Bouthern slaveholder, boforo the
war uRod to whip his fomnl) pliivon
tf they did not produce children Tho
blnck Blnvc hnd a monetary valuo lo
tlio master.' , Tho' whl'o Indnstiinl
alrvo lino nlno a monetary vnluo.
The snmo economic nccosHlty do*
mi*ndB tho production' of both. Thin
Ib tho ronl ronson why «o*cnHod "rnco
Mik-ldo" ie fonvod
As phyHlclnna wo are Ititoronted In
nnrth-ar pluiKo of tlto subject. TIiobo
of tm who lmvo beon In prnctlco for
mnny yenrs rnn look bnck and hco
scores of womon killed by tliwimclvoH
In efforts to produco abortion—bconih
more dying from mnlpractico nt the
hnndx of ignorant mldwlveu and ninny
mndo life Inn*: Invnlldn from thoso un*
nklllfd efforts.
Chicago health commlsalon tmyi* SO,*
000 nlmrlloiiH aro committed ovovy
yenr In Chlongo.
I     •>*» .-«( imnlCMI    Jilij. all (aim    nui     (l"<*
1 uic.. I).,-. J ,'_«,'.'. J.(.'.* »'.>u](l JJ6-1 _■_ rt r Ji.
Tho mortality from abortion Ih n tcrrl-
flr d^ath roll.
Tf 1 oo.ooo unborn Infnnts nro Bncrl-
flcod  every yonr  In   ChlcaRo,  whnt
u.^*vl ^_..i. ..._.... \ini x.'t i.*.i. k,u%^K.*-4 *_,..«*'v*■..
When ono thlnkB the «irnre« mint
be nppftlllnr*.. *
In view or these facts, Ib It not our
duly an physician* to provldo women
who, ror poonomlc reasons, or from
rwiflons of poor hwiUh, cannot hear
children, with a scientific check to ro-
jirorliif-llon, Th« mother, hpriw-lf
known better how many children »ne
can Ti.nr thnn tnjr prleil. polltlclun or
cx-pretldent.
Infant mortality If ffreat, a1w*yf ti»«
h-ff-fl, VBdt-r onr -K-onomlc fjfltw
rhlldrr-n nf ffto poar nm r\r,t. wrnd tar
;-;-*FBESH   MILK; 7
delivered    to   all
.      < ,1
'," parts of .the town,,   .
A. j^ % ^     .    i*.  *
-       *   >   _, "     * **t>* ,
Sanders &  Verhaest  Brothers.
Proprietors;
t
♦♦♦
THE  RIGHTS OF MAN
A Socialist Interpretation
than the family Income can support
Millions, for the want of care, fill
premature graves. This bolng true,
why boar them? In many other
things we are omorglng from tho bar-
bnrlsm of tho past, So fnr ns humnn
production Is concerned wo nro still
ln the Ignorance of tho onrly ages, '
• In 1877 In England, Charles Brad-
laugh and Annie DpBnnt, two ot the
the noblest souls that over lived, republished an American pamphlet,
In It wero glvon sovoral Bdontlflc
checkH for conception. Socloloi.l«tn
admit that tho distribution of that
littlo book has been productive of tho
grontoBt good,
In plnco of families of twelve nnd
fifteen children Ihoro nre now but two
or throe.
Povorty hnn beon greatly loBHcnod,
tho health of tho pnronts coiiHorvrd
nnd a Rcnon*l morn! uplift hnn hoon
tho con-sequence, Ilrndlniif.li nnd Ro*
nnnt wero sent to jnll, hut the nood
work they did Btlll goes, merrily on.
A recont writer In Knglnnd flgurnB
thnt tho United Kingdom hnn lout
tilnco tho publication of Mint work
5,750,000 people.
Ho forBoos the tlmo whon .tlio nrmy
mny be short of Boldler»—food for nhnt
nnd nhell. When tho cnpItnllHt, having no 'surplus labor to exploit, mny
1.,".    f.f.*v.T.(s*|*}^^    If.    rrfl    If.    ...r\v.tr    I.**..* (-^..*|
of worklnp; nXh<*r peoplo, A-nd bo
deplorefi It; deplorpfi lt In a country
whoro every fourth person who d!e«
fill* n -pnuper'f grnvo. ■
Tn ' the Intorentt of humanity,    lo
/.I.*,,..    IX..1-    ....     r...    II,.t.    .      *. t,    .     .    .
fit of the raca, aa physlclnnB having
tho wolfnro and tho health of tho
womon of our nation at' heart, wo
ought to go on record an opposed to
nil Taws that restrict humnn knowledge.
Wo must also nsk thnt thono nl-
rendy on Iho statute book* be mncnlfd
As phjulflnns wo TmiBt prolest nK-
alnst Ignorance by lnw.
Bar. Unexcelled
AIK White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
"Call .in: and
1 see us once
£^J0HK_R0DB!EWS€!K;Prep.T
By W. W. Passage
, , - • ■     ,*-*■.
, The Land
c First—Collective ownership of the
resources of nature. *
"Equity .therefore does not permit
property in land. Por if one portion
of the earth's Burfaco may justly.become the possession of an Individual
and may be held by. him for his, sole
lis© and bonoflt' as a thing to;which
he has an exclusive right, then other
portions of tho earth's surface may bd.
so held; and eventually the whole of
tho earth's planot' may thus lapse into
privato hands.' Herbert Spencer, In
1850, Social Statistics, Chaptor IX. -
The Tools   ',
Socond—Collective ownershlp.demo-
emtio administration and co-operative
conduct of 'sufficient Industries to employ tho moans of lifo at-labor cost,
Whoever owns tho land and machinery
owns tho product. Naturo gives the
land, and the workors of this and past
generation 8, hnvo the machinery,
"Ho tnketh my house who takoth tho
props that support It;
Ho takoth my lifo who    tnketh tho
monns by which ImiBtnln lifo."
, , —Shakeopenro,
The Labor   .
Third—-Co-operative labor nnd nBBO*
elation of Industries, each worker to
rocolvo the multiplied product*—1. 0.,
tlio co*oporatlvo Increment—arising
from this perfected Industrial orgnnlzntlon, according to tho valuo of tho
labor Individually performod,
"No thinking mnn will contradict
that associated Industry Ib thomoflt
powerful agent of production and that
tho princlplo of nafloclatlon Ib bubcoj)*
Ublo of further nnd bonoflclnl development ."John Stuai;l Mill.
Industrial Democracy the 8equenee of
Political Democracy *
In nn nutocracy tlio prlvnto docroo of
tlio King In tho law of tho lnnd, nnd In
tho ond results In n polltlcnl, indtistrlnl
aud religious tyranny, In a democracy
(.ho exprcusod will of tho people In tho
law of tho land nnd tho monns of ob-
|-»*.i|ii* nom tyranny is iuwhjb \vm__i.i
llu hnuti- ol Dio I'wii'lk'Uikii,     The
dlffwnr-o amounts limply to, the difference between privato ownership of
law nnd public ownership of law.
To dcBlroy the donpotle powor of lho
iruir**-;, y,*ji*tn»Uiviii -ma* *■_/>>•,,..._..aa_„
"W« bollovo tn democt-ncy aa r-0*,
gnrds oducatlon, nnd finally as rogards
Industrial conditions, Tt Is not in
accordance with our principles thnt
literally denpotlo powor should bo put
Info f h. bandit of a few men in tho Industrial world,"—Bx-Presldent Hooie-
rall'n uprw-h, . nlro, TH.( Oftobwr 5nd,
HOfELFERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
_ • '   ■"■
Fernie's Lending Commercial
'  and Tourist House   ,
livery, Feed
11
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys Horses on Commlilon
George, Barton
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Llcard Local General Teamsters No.
141. Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p.' m, Minora' Union Hnll. W.
A" Worthlngton, Prosldont; 13., J,
Good, Socrotnry.
Bartenders' Local No. 6141 Moots'2nd
nnd 4th Sundays at 3,30 p.m. Secro*
tary J. A. Gotiplll, Waldorf Hotel. -
Qladstone Local No, 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd and 1th Thursday Miners
Union hnll.    I). Hoe«, Ho*.
Typographical Union No. 555' Moots
last Snturdny in onch month at tho
Ledger Offlco. A. J. Buckley, Secret nrv.
Local Fernie No, 17 8. P. of C. Meets
In Minora Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
VANCOUVER, June 6.—Though ho
ffll fix -He-tej-* do* fi an elevmlor abaft
 -       it ""«" tf-dnr, v. smvikc atd mit
as they Hhould be.  In many Instances J break s bone and will probably leave
there aw too many ftf them,    wofcitbe hos-pltal within a week.
CALUMET, Que., Juno 6~-Flr«. dl_
covered at throo o'clock this morning
in a dwelling bouse spread with great
fiMiMKy. Tt liurac-4 oat mvautttiu
houses snd threo stores, and SO families wore left without shelter,
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet In Minors Hall every
nltcrnato Thursday at 8 o'clock, A.
Ward, secretary. P. 0.307.
United Brnlhnrhnnd et GarjjarHere and
Jolnsrsv—Local 1120, D. J. Brans,
President; V. 11. Shaw. Bwrolary,
Dr, de Van'i Perflate PIUs
ArtlUM«FrMehm«Ul«*iM««rftn*. Tttr««
t»UU eie aataadiegl*! ptnmial ta ri««U<to«
IU
iwiij-nlw port um a CbaUmtk, * rtttm. Htttia
Mth****.miutia*!. tht.deTem'e*r*aAdWt
the tMteU mem c_. St. ctulwrtii^Hb
for Sals at Bltaidell'i Drug Store.
!_____! ;^^>'i;7^7--^<|_ ?.7^-rf ^5f*r*■-*.£^*€^*v^^,^'r-x^S?v"' '^yY^Yii^jYiyY
O,^
;v''-->-","--j ■-* f\j^iAJJy-^ _7p|P
.',.'       "■.'"-..':' *'   i  **^-„
■* ■■*-", -    i ' *.-> ' "i
■'••. '■• '-ft?. ■&_
THE: DISTRICT LEDGEE, PERNIE, B. 0., JUNE/lQ, 1911.
PAGE  SEVEN
TheW^&s^^ p
Our ^^f^ign brothers
r <
r >
k
P"
|\-.
\0
I*
; '•:;LES,;.E:>CPLpSlb>IS.,D&..GRISOU.2
■ '.*■.   ■•'.' '■■ _>".'"''   "■'•"'-..VV '_■' '--■^."■■''
-.•7 Pour'eviter les explosions dans,les
•,-jmines a,grisou il-faudra:,':, ,"v;, *.,■'..,-,
,""" 1.i'Prdvenlr• la formation.- ,'d'un- m&
"jange explosif. '",     7*- *' „'. ,V*'
7'   2. Eviter d'intfoduiredans la mine
''unv'corps-'dont'le'contact pourralt allu-
■ uier un pareil melainge, dans le cas ou
- il exlsterait.      *..' .',. .-■*   ,■,;'  '.
- ' Pour prevenir ia" formation d'un m<5-
'lange explosif - on peut avoir, recours
■ aux moyens' sulvants:
7   (a) L'on peut dimlnuer beaucoup la
-,. quantlte" de gaz qui afflue dans la mine
-et lo soustraire a l'influence des varia-
'  tions si dangereuses   des *" descentes
barom-it riques en isolant par des dlg-
. ues impermfinbles' et solldement con-
struites les portions do mines oii le
gaz est le plus abondant; les vides'des
, .-anclens travaux qui forment de verlta;
bles gazometres souterrains; les souf-
, flards_   C'est icl la place de parler du
:,   remblavage a l'eau; mals il constltiiern
Tin. chapitre tout special. _.
7-(b) On a propose et cssayd de d<§-
,   composer/"chlmlquement   le   grisou;
-mals, ce. procSde, peu pratique1 et cout-
' '-eux a dtd abandonn<5.      *-■".    .   ,, -   -
. ..- (c)    Assainlssemenl des" mines par
; -dilution du gaz. ,Le mode'd'assainlsse-
•*   ment le_plus ordinaire commo'le plus
-efficace, ■ cpnslste * a delayer dans une
.'. masse"d'alr considerable le gaiz qui af-
\ "liu-| dans les .tallies et Ies galeries. Bn
d'autres termes, c'est ^ans. uri. ban'
f„-systenie:-d'a-5rage qu'on pent'trouver le"
j .meilleur moyen d'empecher la forma-
■ ;tion' des* melanges explpslfs dans los
Amines a grisou.     Pour.retirer du-cou-
'" rant yentilateur Ie   meilleur effet pos-
-sible, 11 faut que le', eourant fournisse
,7_ne grande quantity d'air,* que'cet .air
,"-   circule dans la' mine avec une pres-
'   ,sion peu diffSrente de celle de l'at-
mosphere que la vitesse soit comprise
•entre certaines limites qui varlent de
.1 m a 2 m7par seconded ■   Rien de
-plus facile que"'d'dlpigner des mines les
^az- Inflammables;. s'ils' se .degagent
, dans des endrolts" qui prennerit part a
;Ta6rage'g<_n6ral.;'   On    remarque   a"
peine le nimbe^bleuatre a la lampe des
*. mines meme ' dans,,' lcvqlsinage^des
-. ."fortes, soufflures; pourvu. qu'il. y regne
7 ""un eourant. d'alr/suffisani*;--dans ce
. .•'.'cas les gaz inflammables ne mdrltent
.--pour l'ordinalre aucune attention. • II
- .""ne se'- presente des_difflciiit^__,que.
7  lorsqu'ils se~de_agent en'des lieux .ou
, le passage de l'alr n'est pas ,lmm<5dlat.
, . C'est principalement pour .-ces ralsons
purement theorlques que..les*c6ups'-de
- grisou ont le plus souvent lieu dans Ies
* »montages,^a*lav<6upu»-fOu dans _leB
'rausses^voles'la'_u l'aerage n'est.pas
-direct.,. "J- ,-' ' ' '" :-:- '{'i-i   '.' '
C'est pour ce motif egalement que
' chaque fols que Ie grisou' s'accumule
,     dans uno partie des travaux ou l'alr
est 'stagnant et qu'll piirvlerit a 'former
plus de 1-13 de la,'masse, II devlent
-susceptible de s'alltimer" a, l'approche
de la flnmme des'lawpes et produlro
des explosions qui brulent Ies ouvriers
qui boulevorBent lea, travaux,' et qiil,
*■     nprea avoir caiiBe tous sos dfesastroB,
transforment subltemont" l'nlr des galeries en gaz,d(.stores qui frappent do
mort quelquoB .InBtnntB plus.-tnrd les
,.. i mnlhouroux 6uvrlef*s quo le 'feu et la
commotion, aynlent dpar_rnes,
Lea ravages fnlts dans la' mine sont
plus ou .moins , conslddrableB sulvant
IMtcnduo do In mnsBe gnzei'iBo qui s'est
'onfInmmi5o.
Ainsl qunnd lo foil prond sur lino
' tnlllo ou dniin tin bout do gnlorlc, los
ouvriors qul'y travalllont pouvont*otro
briilda on blosBes snns quo cela np-
porte aiisun troublo sonslblo dans la
circulation g-indrnlo do l'alr,
Main si ln masBO gnzouse qui prond
fou est considerable 11 y a explosion.
lies gaz produits par In combustion bo
rdpnndont dans lea gnlorlea volalnOB,
ronvorflont los ouvriors qui se trouvont
sur -lour poBBngo ot. quelqiiou partes
doBtlni.cB a dlrigcr lc eourant d'alr
Uno pnrtlo plus ou moliifl dtendiio do
In mlno bo rempllt. do gnz IrrcBpIrnblofl,
-chnrR<5fl d'uno pouBBlero do houlllo
■opnlssb quo lo eourant a cnlevo sur Io
sol des gnlorloB. L'nir frnta n'nrrlvo
plno nlniiB cotto pnrtlo des travntix
pnrco quo Iob portos qui lo dlrlgonlont
ont fiti renvors(!oB; Iob ouvrlorfl qui
n'y trouvont porlssont par nsphyxlo
s'lls n'ont pan lo temps ou In presence
d'osplrlt do Knffnor nu plun vjte uno volo
ou l'nlr clrculo encore.
*   Enfin si la masse' gazeuse qui s _n-
flamme est tres considerable, rien.Tie
peut r^sister a la force du eourant qui
suit l'expldsibn. .  Les ouvriers, les por-
tesT'Ies boisages'-'quise trouvent dans
les  galeries  places'sur .le trajet du
eourant d^vastateur ' sont  "renvers^s,
"des pierres, des blocs de'houilie'6nor-
mes sont emportSs par lul aussi bien
que la   pousslere du sol des galeries!
II arrive par la vole la plus facile et
la plus large a' un des puits aboutissant
au jour, renverse les machines placees
a'"la surface,, s'e_eve comme un nolr
tourbillon* de fumee 'et vlent quelque-
fols s'enflammer au jour ;et enfin, la
pousslere de houilie qui va se.d^poser
comme les cendres rejete"es par un vol-
can, jusqu'a des distances considerables de la mine ou l'accident a eu lieu.
A la suite de ces epouvantables explosions dont nous avons conserv-3 le
souvenir, de deux qui reste'ront lnou-
bllables a Fratnerles, les galeries principals sont remplles de gaz Irrespir-
ables, un petit nombre d'ouvriers seulement ont %t& attelnt   directement   et
tugs-par l'exploslon meme': les autres
pdrissent-par asphyxie si onrie^leur
porte'les secours les plus, prompts,, et
malheureusement 11 es. la plupart du
temps' impossible d'arriver jusqu'a eux
parceque la circulation de l'air est cbm-
pletement interrompue, que les portes
"sont detruite's et que plusieurs galeries
peuvent etre obst'ruees par des eboule-
ments., Les moyens de determiner'les"
courants d'air sont eux-memes d-§truits
ou'mis liprs de service. '
'Tela'sont les effets de cesJterrlbles
explosions qui malgr-5 tous les efforts
tenths jusqu'a ce jour" .repandent,". si
souvent la misere.^la consternation,et
la" mort dans notre brave et courageuse
population ouvriere de nos plus riches
bassins houillers.     —'amelioration ap-
portee dans l'aerage. des. mines, 1'In-
ventlon et les perfectionnements suc-
cessifs des'lampes de surete ont-ssun's
doiite dimlnue le' nombre" de ces accidents; '  et cependant-- sans ■ fouiller
bien avant'dans Ie pass6,sansremon-
ter au dela d'une ann-5e, combien n'au-
rioiis nous pas a,compter, de"victimes
dams les "seules mines de '.Belgique.-
7 La conclusion du. second article doit
se r-Ssumer:  7       *"'":,".-''v -..    '
' Pour Eviter les explosions, on dolt
survelller la possibility des amas   de
grisou dan's le fond, ven tiler «3nergique_.
MDTH15BABY
'-i"
Mrs. M. Barrett,
6oa Morean St,
Montreal, says;  ,
•"A' horrid
rash came out all over-'tny baby's-aee anil
spread until it h^dtoiaKy covered his scalp.
It was irr taring and painful, and caused
the little one hjurs of suffering. We tritd
soaps and powders and salves, but he got
no bettor. He refund his food, got quite
thin.and worn, and was reduced to a very
serious condition. I -was advised to try
Zam-Buk, and did so. ' It was wonderful
how it seemed to c*.ul and ea«s the chilii\
burning, painful skin. Znni-Uulc from the
very enmmencement seemed to go right to
the sp A, and the pimplus and sores and the
irritation grew less and less. Within a
few weeks ir.y InbyVskin was healed
completely. He has ww not a trace ol
rash, or eruption, or eczema, or burning
sore. Not only so, but cured-of the tormenting skin trouble, he has improved in
general health."* V •    '
Zam-Buk is sold at nil stores and medicine ven*
fl-W), 50c. a box, or pnst'frr-e from Z-mi-Buk Co ,
Toronto, for price, 6boxes for $1.50. , A certain cure
f-ii-ill tV'ni* .i-ii'."-,, nit«, burn«, etc., and for piles.
MEMORIAL DAY TO OUR
COMRADES .OF THE MINES
, '•'  By Frank J. Hayes   '   •_
He lived, afar from»Mammon's prou'a"
estate;*' '
He knew not empty pride nor hollow
,   \.   'sham:     *' *
He gave the best he had—nor mourned
,'   his fate—
Hlsev'ry word and deed proclaimed
the man.   *
Ay,, place .a wreath upon "his lowly
■grave,*, "    \ , *   -
,  Our comrade and our friend of other
7 days;
Fame knows him not — but Truth
--.   ■   salutes the brave, - .
The • hero bf the .underground, with
meed of praise.
t
\
ment tous les coins."de la\fosse. avoir
des galeries de sortie d'alr plus grand-
es.,que'celles de l'entr<_e afln' que la
vitesse'd'air ne depasse pas.2 m. par
seconde. - Cette vitesse de lair a pour
..  .    u      - i - ' * * ,
moi-une tres grande importance; dans
les courants trop rapides charges de
grisou la,lampe n'est*plus meme do
sureW ot peut mettre le feuau melange.' " - •
Chaque'mine du clnssement no. 3
a deigagement Instantane devralt etre
pourvue de deux ventllateura centrifuges do 'grande capnclte dont l'un toujours on repos ot eiolghe de tout eourant ot dovnnt etre mis tres faclloment
on communication avec lo retour an
soul cas d'un accident. — CAPRERA,
"L'buvrler MInour.' *
His was.the,lot to toilin pits of,night,
To give the race the product of his
skill,   ;'-•
.    *. • >        -»-
To turn the wheels of commerce and
' . V*o light
,.,'The-world with varied beauty—and
.   ' 7t.n'fill'-    '*'".'**	
. COAL SHORTAGE FELT IN CITV
* That n serious coal shortage will bo
experienced in Alborta within a vory
few. wooks if some agreement ls not
ronched between the mine ownors and
the union mon now on Btrlko seems
cortaln. In Cnlgnry this sbortnge Ib
already bolng folt, nnd during tho latter hnlf of last week some of tho dealers hnd to confess thnt thoy wero un-
ablo to supply coal to their customers.
At first It wns thought thnt thoy
woro rnoroly unnblo to dollvo tho coal,
but when pooplo who wanted fuol
bnd|,y offorod to haul It themselves,
they wero told thnt thoro wno no coal
nvnllnblo.
. Sovoral donlors state that thoy havo
conl ordered, but it hnn fnllod to ronch
horo, and in somo cases lt Is snid to
hnvo been confiscated by tho C. P. It.
for ubo on tliolr trnlns.'
Throughout (ho farming districts
tho conl shortuko hns boon folt,for
nomo weeks, but It Ih only In the past
woolc thnt tho Hhortngo hns grown nor-
Ioiib, nml thoso In a position lo Judge
Htnto thnt tho coming wlntor probnbly
will boo n morions Bhortngo nil over tho
prnlrlo provinces,--Cnlgnry News Tolc-
gnun,
The coffers of the few, who own the
- , earth, ' - '
-  With golden treasure—and to shape
o the way *'
Fod culture, science,' progress, things
■   ofc. worth— j
. Aiid so he toiled and perished ln the
fray..
Fate gave him not,to glory, but the
race,
If truth prevailed, would place hlm
high above
Tho pampered sollder, decked In braid
and lace,
And honor hlm—nnd place the rose
. i. .     ot love
Upon his humble grave, unmnrked by
'stone,
And consecrate with teni*B his resting plnee; ,
But, ah, wo! mourn  our bitter loss
alone,
Whilo   Mammon   jests   and
goes on apneo.
Qrood
I nm
THE   COLLIER. LAD
a.Jovial collier Ind, nnd blltho
as blltho cnn bo;
Thon lot tho times bo good or hnd,
they'ro njl tho.snmo to mo,
•Tis littlo of tho world I know, nnd
cnrelosB of Ub waya;
Down whoro tho bright stars novor
glow I wenr nway my days.
Chorus:
Down In a conl mino, undornonlh tho
ground,
Where a gleam of Bunahlno never can
bo found;
Digging dusk dlnmonda nil tho soniion
round,
Down In a conl mlno, underneath tho
ground,
NO,
eo
481
•«•*
A. ,
0*10
1378
S63S
«227
•?•»?•
mt
2m
£31*1
12-3.1
2407
10f_
674
. » * *
1233
MM
2334
List of Locals District 18
Corrected by District Socrotnry up to April 22nd, 1011
NAME GEC, and P. 0. ADDRE88
Unnkhond  P. Wliontloy, Dnnkhoad, AUa.
Iloavor Crook  P. dnughton, Doavor Croek, via Plnclior
"-"•■^•-•v  j. uyr-Ke, Ucllovuo, Frnnk, Altn.
TOMrmorp  TX J, CUuw, -Ufriuuurt., Aitft. ,*
Hurml«  Wm. Sloan, Burmla, Alia,
Canmoro.  S. D. Thsehi^k, Canmore, Alta,
Coleman...... W, Ornlinm,Coloman, AUa.
Carbondale O, M. Davlo«, Carbondalo,* Coloman, Alia.
r-"r •?•-.' z.. :;*vj.;u», c»«u)it, Aim.
Corbin It Jonea, Corbin, D. Cji
Chinook Mine* .... Wm. Fonytb, Diamond City, AVtn.
Diamond City Charles Orban, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo,
Fernie.,  Xi. neet, Fornie, D, C. '
Frank  Q, Nicol, Frank, Alta.
Hotmer  J. Ayre, Iloamer, B, C,
Hillcrest J. O. JoneB, !Illlcr«at, Alta,
T^ethbridgo ........ I*, Mooro.V. O. Dot 1*1.1, T.athhrtAgo
l^thbrldr* Colllerift* Thoi. Clapbaw, at-c, via Klpp, Alia.
Ulio.,  W. U Brant, _llte, Frank. Alta
Maple Left**.,., W. GHday, Maplo Leaf, Bellonie, Alia,*
Michel  M. Burrtll, Michel,!_ a
Pawburg Wm. Cook*, Pattborf, AUa.
Royal View ...,V.. Tho*. H. Tiahtr."Royal ColH*«rlwr, f^i-hhrldtji, iUfa
•r*b*r............. wnifam Haw-fill, Tabor, Alta,
Taber  B. Brown, Taber, Alfa,
My hands nro horny, hnrd nnd blnok
with working In tho voln,
And llko tho clothos upon my bnck,
my Hpooch Ib rough nnd plain;
Well, if I ntumblo with my tongue, I'vo
but ono thing to Bny—
'Tin not tho colllor'B honrt tlmt'H wrong
—IiIb hond but boob natrny.
How littlo do tho groat ones enro who
Bit at homo secure,
Whnt hlddon dnngoro colliers daro,
> what hnrdshlpa thoy endure;
The vory firos their mansions boast,
to choor themnolvo nnd wlvf-n,
Mayhap wore kindled at tho cost of
Jovial colliers' lives,
Then chwr op, lads, and mako the
most of ovory Joy yo can;
Ilut lot your mirth be always such as
tit-si bccortioH a mnn.
However Fortune turns about, qtirs
■till the jovial soul.
What would our country bo without
the lads tbat mlno for coal?
SOME   MODERN   IDEAS     'yfJ-J
'*' ON,TUBERCULOSIS
*,-•     ' ■:. ■*» •"-     ! .   ....i.--
.;"*■   .By Dr., Edwin' F. Bowers*-. *■'"'..'
.'.Tuberculosis has truly been called
a,"disease of poverty." The weaithy
do occasionally'die of it.'but in'1 proportion of., one to seven, * the. overworked, underfed "wage slave is doomed to'an untimely demise through" iui
ravages:,    ..''>■     - '-.."•■.'
His progeny may also inherit '-the'
tendency .toward ■ tuberculosis and if
their status .in" life'-" remainsy unimproved,' furnish their quota to its mortality."     i  . * '■ *    ,,, - --.
Of what avail is'an*early diagnosis
and council*'to "rest ' up," breathe
pure air 24 hours .In 24 "and "force
feed" on rich nutritious diet,-to'the
poor mill operative working 10 to 14
hours', a, day In oxygen-impoverished
atmosphere? „, With his pitiful wage
this advice is futile.; What is the
logical outcome of the development of
tuberculosis in theso people? ' A mor
tallty of_lmost 80 per cent in all but
the most incipient conditions.'
As tuberculosis" is pre-eminently a
house-bred disease, wo could stamp It
out,, If only the precautlonaly* rules
which are observed In sanatoria could
be put into practice "In the-home, Pre
vontion with . "prophylactic , treatment" for a name, is better than cure.
Much could- bo "accomplished ,by
the s.\stematlc Instruction of the public school children,In the principles
and practice' of prevention.
It would not only be the rising generation1 which would;profit by this but
the children '.would carry home and
impart to their parents these simple
principles of hygienic living.
, A textbook on' 'Simple Lessons on
Tuberculosis." ' has, recently,, been
placed in, the higher grammar grades
of the District of .Columbia. ■ In Mas
sachusetts. the educational authorities
are'establishing courses of instruction
on ^'tuberculosis in all the schools of
that State". A bill has recently been
passed*, in-the Massachusetts Legislature giving $1,000 for school tuberculosis exhibits. Such an exhibition will
consist, of a frame, containing photo*
graphs, ^charts, mottoes, figures, etc.,
illustrating in-a, simple yet striking
manner, the. oxtent of this disease,
and how it is.to be prevented.
, Special ■ textbooks on tuberculosis
are being used and lectures on the
subject are being given in the schools
of Richmond, Va., Poughkeepsie,
N. y:, Detroit, and Saginaw, Mich.,
and Knoxvllle, Tenn. \ ..  .;
In three" states" and one territory
laws Have been passed requiring .hat
Instructions about the nature and
.methods, of-preventioh-of-tiiberculosis
be given.in all public schools.- In
Tennessee Uie State Department of
Education "has requested that such, instructions, be, given; and, in New Jersey and. West Virginia wall cards-giv;
ing Instructions are hung In every
school room.- '
It ls'.now hoped by the National
Association of Tuberculosis in New
York City that In five years the majority of children in the United States
will be taught concerning the" evils
and dangers of this condition before
they, leave .the lower grades of the
public school. *
!! In.Albaiiy, N. Y„ a roof has been
taken off a school building and the"
walls altered so ns to keop the pupils
practically'in* the open.*
The open nlr school nt Castle Is-
lnnd, Mass., differs from that nt Franklin I'nrk, In„tlie respect thnt nt' tlio
park tho Intention Is to euro tuberculosis nftor It has begun while at tho Is*
lnnd*tho design Is to prevent it altogether.
Dr.' Harrington, director of hygiene
In tho Boston public schools, recently
snld that, "Tho Cnstle Inland's onon
nlr school wnB ono of,the mont fnr
reaching thnt hns ovor boon r.i*-'on to
the world.'
A "Preventorium for Children" linn
recently boon oponcd nt Lnkowod,
N. J., nnd the object Ib to roscuo tho
Infoctod,
Tlio vnluo of tho "out of doors"
bcIiooIb, or tho "outdoor" room, ono of
which Is being nrrnngod for onch public school ln Dontou Ib incnlctilnblo.
Pnronlfi nro bound to bo doonly lm-
proBBod by tho improvement In thoir
ohlI.lj.nB honlth, nnd the Iobboiib
lonrnod nt auch n bcIiooI concerning
frosh nlr, good food nnd cIonnllnoHn,
nro Biiro to bo <1Ibciibbc*<1 at homo.
Dr, John II. Hiiwpb of Ponton snys,
"Tho two moHl linpnrlnnt fnctorfl In
tlio ciimpnign ngnlnnt. tuberciilonlB nre
11) tho iHolntlon of tho ndvnncod
poniiimptlvcfl;
FOR THE PUBLIC H-ZAlTH
.   . ■ , * - *   ....,.-,
A,-* New Public Health Act" In Manitoba
- , /..Regulates Sanitary Conditlono   ,
7 yy''.   - 'on riew'-"Line8   ,'"'- v.*"-   *
.'■The Legislature of Manitoba* baa*
adopted* a , new Public Health "Act.
-This-Act'embodies the latest ideas,
available'from ths.experiences' gained
under the .old-Act- andcfrom similar
legislation.now in force in other,pro-
vlnces.-. -      • *   -i   --■
, "According to the. proposed enactment, the'regulation of the situation,
sanitary,".'management   and    malnte-
SIR HIRAM MAXIM
tl , rv    _
He". Retires From the Directorship -of
v.      the Greats Firm that Bears
■    His Name , ""
"-' Few men have crowded * more into*
seventy-one years, of life than' Sir
Hiram' Maxim, "who is retiring from
the directorship of" the great business
which bears his name. , More than
half a century has passed since he put
together h-i_ first., gun, a pea-shooter,
in his father's workshop - at Sanger-
ville village, in Maine, and eschewed
Fenlmore Cooper to revel in Corn-
stock's ■ "Natural Philosophy." >' His
scanty schooling over, the budding inventor had two spells as apprentice to
coach-builders before he began his
roaming in search of fortune.
He was in turn mechanic, foreman
in carriage works, and in a surgical
Instrument factory; and saved enough
in these lowly roles to buyra house and
farm for his father. But he had to
wait until he had passed Into tho thirties before he patented his gas-generating apparatus, and later an improvement in electric lamps, and got a firm
footing on the road to fame and fortune. At forty-four he was settled in
England, with a gun-factory of his own
in Hntton-Garden, a snug estate, and a
fortune-in shares.
MRS. E. HURLBATT
Of. Montreal, who addressed the Cana-
- dlan Club of Toronto on "The Conservation of Public Health."
nance of slaughter houses, canneries,
creameries;-dairies, shops, stores and
manufactories of every,kind is placed
under .the control of * the Provincial
Board of Health, and provision is made
-for the proper enforcement, by that
body, .of the statute. No offensive
trade, industry or manufacture may be
established without the consent of the
municipal council of the "locality * in
question. Regulations are set out for
the sanitary condition of places for the
manufacture of. food, supplies, or the1
disposal thereof, and for the destruction of unwholesome food. There are"
also-clauses with respect to the construction, ventilation and sanitation
"OfTJiury-airaTsTorage Buildings of~air
kinds,' to the handling of milk and food
supplies, and to the erection, ventlla-.
tion," sanitation and , conduct of restaurants,-pantries, cellars, etc. .
'", The newer and more important regulations aro those dealing''with waterworks, sewerage and sewage disposal
works, and,the prevention'and control of epidemics and,similar matters
relating to the welfare of the public.
,   YOUNG GIRL Of TO-DAY
Lecturer Says She  Has an Appetite
for Intellectual Culture
v. 	
■ r
1 Monslgnor Honry Bolo, In a lecture
ln London'on "Tho Young Girls of Today," said that between the girl of
1900 arid her sistsr of 1910.a great gulf
lay. The modern girl was disdn-
guished by an intense appetite for intellectual culture." She \ wished to
study everything, and she' Indesd
learned a great deal.* Monsignor Bolo
was °not*-quite convinced t.at the
change was altogether for'the bet^r'.
He did not like young girl authors cr
students any more than he liked t.ioso
who nourished themselves on the far-
bage of cheap novels whil*"** making
skirts which were trousers In disguise or hats which-might serve for
sentry boxes."*-      „ - ' '    T
His sympathy was reserved,for th3
young girls who wished to breathe a
higher atmosphere and who refus d to
consider the domains of art, ,sci n:o
and literature as closed to them. Tha
young girl of to-day drserved to be' u-
couraged in* her aspirations towads
intellectual ' culture, ,and Mons'gn r
Bolo roundly censured S-.hcpnhau°r
for his-definition of woman as "an
animal with long hair-.and a short
mind," and his dec'ara'ion that her
reading ought to.be confined to prayer
and cookery books.
DOCKING OF TAILS
BOGUS MONEY IN SCHOOL
The Building Used at Night for Mak-
. ing^gu^o_^^joney' ,     :
AGREAT CENSUS
'/ .   •     	
Nurrbering the People is a Big Task—'1
Seme Interesting Points as to,      .7*
Work in Old Country.
. In view of the fact that this' is Cen- ;
sus Year in Canada it.is interesting to   ■-
note how Great Britain and Ireland,
take tbelr Census.   Some interesting  •
points as to the great census in the .
Old Country this year are as follows:''
The first Sunday in April was census night, when all the people.in Great-'
Britain and Ireland,were numbered.
A census form, to be filled.up by the ,.
occupier, was left during'the previous
week, at every dwelling-house.by the
census-takers, who are , officially
known as enumerators. ' * , - -
•There were about 40,000 of these
census-takers, and thoy dealt .with
9,000,000 census papers'. The printing
and classifying of these .forms has
been a big job. It occupied the staff
of the Census-Office "for nearly a year,
and it will take two years to sort and
tabulate the forms after they -are .
filled up, so that the whole work of
the census from start to finish will
occupy three full years.    „
All the forms were called for by the
enumerators on Monday, April 3rd.
Refusal to fill up the form ls punishable by a fine of $25, but although such,
a refusal is not uncommon they rarely
persist in lt, but give way to a little
coaxing and explanation	
One particularly stubborn individual,'
however, was absolutely deaf to argument when the last censuB was taken
ten years ago.   Ho-simply would not
fill up the form, nor would ho consent
to give the information necessary to _
enable lt to be filled up for ihm.   So
he was summoned and fined $25,   His.
was the only family not Included in
the census. ,    ,   -•
Another householder, a lady, sont
|25 on her own account aa "conscience
money." Sh? had? she explained,
understated her age. If all tho .ladies,
who do this same thing would act in a
similar manner, the Brit'sh Exch quer
would be thc rich*?*.- by irany, tho-aa-ds
of five-pound notes, for e.)rr'ene
shows that large numbers of the .-"c'r-
sex make themselves out o ** _■"»■• s
day to be younger than they r-raVy ar?.
"Twenty-five Is th'.- aj.e af *-vh'ich'
.most of tliem cease to grow any older,
at all events on paper. This' was
clearly shown during D\p last census,
which took place, of course, in 1901;
,A novelty about this census is that
children helped to take it. Circulars
were sent to every headmaster* and
mistress throughout .the Kingdom,
with special hints, a'nd'dummy census
papers. These latter the elder children were taught to fill up In proper
manner, special attention being directed tb the ."occupation" column.,*
Thus, if a child's.father is a cabdriver, for, example, the child was
asked to impress, upon his father the .
necessity of stating the exact kind uf.
cab he drove—whether a "taxi." a.
hansam. or. a four-wheeler.-. If the _
mother should happen tb be a nurse—
was she a trained and certified nurse,
or an uncertified one, or. merely an
j)rdinary_nurs___j_Q^children5—'—
Toronto Hun*ane Society Will Stop tho
Practice Under Crlmlral Code   J'
—Cth'er Cruelties
The Toronto Ilun-ane Society is going after the dockci's of horse's tails,
nccordlng to thc am^nnoomont of the
managing director. T';-re ls no specific law. he explained, against docking,
so that It Js impossible lo prosecute II13
owners after the operation takes plnco,
but tho Act Itself can certainly bo construed as cruelty to animals undot; tho
codo; and he hopes to bo nblo to Becuro
evidence of eyo-wItnesuoB in tho near
futuro whereby ho can prosecute cortnln parties who have rocontly docked
horflrfl In Toronto,
A enso of cruelly to rabbits at Stanley llnrrackB has boon reported,, rabbit saving been shown to dogs, aftor
which tho dogs wero" looBed and encouraged to pursuo tho rabbits and
toar them to piocoo, Col, Victor Williams, the officer in command,, hns
boen communicated with, Tho director also expressed his Intention of
petitioning tho Mlnlstor of Jnatloo at
Ottawu, nt nn early dato, so to amend
tha Criminal Codo as to mako lt an
of fonco to ship wounded animals, or to1
■hip largo and small cattlo in tho samo
consignment,
AL60MA BOOMING
A remarkable story of the manufacture of spurious money comes from
Austria, The educational authorities
had been advised that a village school-
house needed repairing, and a.commis-
sion arrived unexpectedly to examine
the building. During the course of the
Inspection in one of the "class-rooms a
strange looking apparatus was found,
.which proved to'be a press" for ■ tho
manufacture of bank-notes. Further
searches revealed a small closet which
had been turned Into a regular mint,
and there were- bagfuls of ready-made
sllvor and copper coins. It appears
that tbe schoolhouse, where principles
of morality .were inculcated Into tho
village youth by day, was employed
at night by many of their parents to
make their fortunes on somewhat dlfforont linos. Several prominent residents have beon arrested.
THE .HORSE SHOW
Canadians   Will   Exhibit  at the
' Event In London
Big
Lako
Superior  Stool, Corporation Is
Making Progreii
Mr. T, J, Drummond, provident of
tlio Lako Superior Btcol Corporation,
hns oxprosBod tho opinion  that  tho
Lako Superior plnnt Is doHtlncd to rn*
Joy n vory nctlvo career, and ho ro-
porta that lho hugo oxtoiiBloiiB nnd
(2) tho cdw-atlon ofilmprovoinontB to tho works In nil do*
tho children, tcnchlng thom «o to llvo:P»r,mo",« «lro b1cln/* rlu8,lr'1 *°. ^xnyihi-
n,n» in __,„ «„v» ,.__„«.*__!_.__ __.„ ______ 't on wlillo tho plant at proitcnt Ih opor-
thnt In tho noxt generation tlio pro*. ,,,„„„ ftt fu„ cmBp«eliy.
out tromondoiiB expenditure in money; Work Is also |>n.Kn.*»i.lnK steadily,
and In IIvob cniifled by this dlsoaBo will ^cording lo Mr, Di'uinmond, on tlio
bocomo iinnecoBBnry." .extension of tlio Algonin Ctnirul Hall
way from iho "Soo" to tlio renin line
It is now prnctlcnlly certain thnt a
tenm of Oermnn officers will compete
for tho King Edward Cup nt tho Int r-
nntlonnl Horso Show in Juno—a competition from which tho- Germany
Army has hitherto held aloof. Tho
Russian nnd Unitod Stntod nrmloo nro
nlno entering teams, for tho first tlmo.
Franco nnd Belgium are ngnln ontor-
lng tennis, but tho participation of
Austria-Hungary und Itnly Ib doubtful.
Tho ofrlcers of King Victor Ilmmnnuel
nro such accomplished mnstors of
equitation that their absence owing
to tho celebrations of tho jubilee of
tho Hoiiflo of Savoy, Will bo greatly
regretted, Tho Hon. Clifford Sifton,
Ottawa, Is attending tho show again
this y-.nr, nnd his hoii, Lieut, Sifton,
will bo in tho Canadian tram, Tho
hopo Is also ntitertnln?d tlmt tennis
roproBuntlng Australia and South
Africa will ba picked out of tho troops
which aro coming over to attend lho
Coronation.
In an Old Coot,
llnnk notes and securities worth
$110,000 woro, found In an old cat belonging to a Greek beggar who 1II1-1I
nt Knnnkn, Roiiimiiilu. Ills widow,
who found them, had liclls-vn!
throughout hor mnrrlod Ufa thai li r
husband wnB a poor man, Sho hud
novor dnred to mnrch her husband's
pockots, as somo wives aro said to do,
Soldiers were enumerated .by their
own officers, except In the^ case ot ■'
small garrisons of less than one .hundred troops, when tho ordinary enumerators did the work. This arrange,
m.ent applies to India, and othor stations'abroad, as well as to the home
Btatlons.
British sailors in both the naval and'
the, mercantile "marine wore "enumerated by the captains of tho chips iu
which they were serving.
Tho prisoners ln. jails wero counted,
the paupers and tramps In tho workhouses, the lunatics and Idiots ln tho
various asylums, the dwellers In the
common lodging-houses, even the human derelicts who wore sleeping out-
of-doors that night wero, so far as
posslblo, necc-Xinted, for, .scarcely one
was missed.
When all Ie completed, it is expected
that this year's census-—which Is. tho
twelfth < or Grent llrltnln and tho
eleventh of tho United Kingdom—will
show thc total population of tho British Isles to bo about 46,000,000, nn increase of something llko 6,000,000 in
ton years.	
MINE DISCOVERY
Vast Quantities of Rich Ore by
of  G, T. P.
Lino
Modlcnl Inspection , publicity mens-
ures, Improved «nnltnry nnd factory
laws, nnll-splttlng ordinances nnd nil
oftho Cnnndlnn Pnclflc Hallway. Tlu
Ilalcn, Mnkplo, and Josuplilue Iron
mines will thus h<* connoctcd up both
It wob learned at tho Cl.T.P. offices,
Winnipeg, thai reports have boon rocolvod from proBpoctors that vnBt quantities of rich minerals havo boon discovered along tho main lino of tho
company, which runs through tho Yellow Hpnd l'nsB on tho western slopo
or tho Hocklos. Sllvor, Iron nud coppor lmvo boon found about fifty mllrs
beyond Todo Juan Aoho, and It may bo
oxpoctod that great mining developments may tako placo In this district.
orannlred or unnnrnnlsod efforfu with i wl,h the c*"*«*-*"**» 1>»c*"c Hallway and
I   ., ,.    .  unorKnn"*w' •rre«» *»" I W|th the furnnrM of th**. «»rnnrs»l-in nt
obnriMM? !-'tr.l    :.v*    ;.._.:+«_.«4iy > HaulT 8tc. Mario.  About ono thousand
«nd ri*f\t*r.t r-reiib   fin-!   Vif**n-*vr   uj-c'-ji. ww. un- nuyioy.d ^n il,*  -w*.*., «u»*.
thoir Biipportern. but Ihey are only notwithstanding  thc  wintry  winthrr 'Itev. n. S. Kobjnsoit, of Uiu-aa
The crying needs Is lo ban-l,h0 W^* from tho ^rt^1 dWr,tfl" *
Wolves In Quebec.
Wolvos nro reported In lnrgo numbers in tho neighborhood of Hniich-
otto, Quebec, rgid Mr. Alf. 'i'horlrn ti
31 Milo Lako, biic. eikd in p-ilsmlng
tliiTo of thono pchIii, .draining a good
prlco for lho pells ns wcfl ns 1I1O
•hn.vM.*.--      «»;-. «   ;:,.„ ui Kuiiiviui,t
obtained a very larpn wolf In thi-frer..-
V.U*. and pn-mntul tho tamiid rot to
jIBlilBtlVO.     4 ,h, «. ,.*,« »»«-«» ,a l0 „.„-, irt) MCC„cnli
iBh poverty. Olvo Iho pfopli* an op- ti)0 Algoma Ctntnl will open up a
portunlty* In thoir pursuit of'lifo, lib-j lnrgo Beetion of now country rich ln
nrtv ttnti ■M.-..*,!'--mn     ,*':". _;,.l _________ 7*rv'.. ."??,   ""frliVy !r.   .,-..,«. ...i,, 4. "
U...     _t*l,>fc_..
Brought  Down a  Cougar.
Melton n«nm, of Orrston, Il.C.. shot
n mi fn*** *.»•-» J.**.: ._;._ ij^ kt%^^ ._.
*mt t*-.romo, ami well known liiraughoui
f»i .«rlo for lit* mor«l  rrform «ork,j
Ho has iKiui-ii m wtirnlnr tn yoiinr!
ltlrt*    thitt   w'-mt-n   xinti   of   the]
"whim   rd-iv.'   traffic   nr«   maklnir
Cunuilii 1* r.'i ruliln-. trroun-l. f
Deafness Cannot Dc Cured
. Mai aapittallm*. u
***** ponton 01 Mm Mr,
br IM. •pvtlwllwfc u II*-. MMM ttmtt, lh» dit.
       .Iim* I* tmlt on' f»v »»
umi (kiiimutf, uu_ umi l* br fuattltutian*! trmKltin.
Dffttnm to tmumO Vy an lufltiuMl rui-UIUon ol Um
tamam IMhf tt tto Emu*Mm Tuta. Wtm UM
Ubf H kSMM-J rw tuff-** » r-M-Alt- *mA at lev
pnfMt ****»% MS wtoi. it ta wwur IM***-* Oral-
MM H UM matt, m4 tMem Ik* tn*At*mntm tan h*
Utotm m4 tWs lid*, mtamt to tu ameml *w.l(-
xtcm, )mm$ wa «, emr*i*e romtr- »»« m»
f«i « «• an****** by o»wit_ w*h* hmim«
*"«*■ tottaiitni muoitlea at m* mmmo*mrttf.
W* ««| tltrt OM II_4». htttAt* t*r aa* ******
_*'..'_!L _.4"*:|1 tif UUIlWV \*t** ****** b* *i^«4
tty mrr* Oiurrs i\*r*. jh_4 to* tutvanjir*.
____>•.«____. r. * awxfcr * imJ****** o
a«M br r>rn*irtm, it«,
lata jLOtl'i fiiiiiit fitii tut ronitipitlMi.
A .tnrrow bride   has  distinguished|
.icntoif  by   strallng a pair of boota\
if m s shop door on hor way horn*
(rom church.
• »»_.■ nt thm-iandii of' aprea „■_* 'miiiC J *nlmaJ.  When measured it was found
.rent  method  of dealing    with    tho j l^Vbe^ A. Orr.
liquor question. Dninkonnew Is an:|,nd, w(|| bs thrown open to cnltiv-n" *. J»«niy of $15 on cougars and
Important factor In relation to con-iUon and manufacturing purposes. <\ i)h« ,h,(1**: *•• »old at a good prlco,
sumption.   This quostion. ihorotoro tsl  ^!u.o hunter did t good day's work.
of profound moment and should be!"        . ■ ".""_.     . I         * 	
Kln-n most caroful consideration.       iff*;"1 <" Preparing a field for the ovo- „ntab,       t bprej,Ur># au„w^ h>
Klgld inquiry should bo mado Inlo >'"n of fl 1»«^o""V «■•• These con- ■        ct w|||| ^^   id(|eai|c<J
the conditions snrroimdlng f«,aiA *,„.)dUlon. rry out for 1 .dilative rollof.|:laUa> M {Mf m^m [tM ^ ^
bor In shops, stows and fsdorios.   Ifj    W*"1' '• J'*,nK awomidlslied In t»i. ■ ft|Cated)j     u  csn ^  prevente,j  f,y
the report* of onr commissioners »», e»lucatlonal'J campaigns, as I said be- j^pmg the By«u*re  at   pbjsloloRKil
»ri.*: it Miss OH^llv. Wits isneAd-j^"*   l t&rM* * **,wo *&« ,,J" «I»*» W,
dam* snd a bost of otbsr lnmtlirsfors|M*,w' o( our 'ob,,c attli w«» *e\xatA*.\   ^lfft Mr twenty-four hours a day.
are not exaff_«ratlons and a1armli(».i-f*tmlliair wl,h th* ****** *ni> "*n,r"" ■Kjm3cjiOto«r nuutiioue food, and at-  _ , „ 	
tbf-tf* *e*ma littlo altornallta botwww io«»«g   factors   of   lho "Great Whit*■r_.nff.in.to unit U>nUu«. m* t>»m\x\U\ th» sorinl nnd priinwnle .ondltlon of
a. mnxto; will refuso to tolerate IU ion- > <■«!««„ tMlh $houUl ^ clMn«,| out  th« patient and th. seventr odd ml*
milk of tnaitnf-flln morning and night.
ThlH iilkalltilzcH tli-u tiitretlons of Iho
mouth nnd prevents the development
of |*.atl.Of.e*nl-r- germs. T-nbrrrulosIs Is
curablo (particularly In tho esrljr
tui^-cj,) by oar rnodi-m niethotln ot
dl«<t, rem nnd open nlr. treatment, but
ovor and above everything els*, to my
mind, is the nece«>lty of amcllorailnir
th** HryHa of fonsirmpdon and slarvj
•.loi-.snd.lh***- diary, lis of proai \t 111 ion. j <"tlon" wW''h vrodoro it,
DIM labor   ia   another   important!   In conclusion, tubercnloslu i
end (lUml.     Ornl   iici j.In   should   he
pie- mslntaln-Nl br rln*.lng ibe ttiwxb «hh. b*«.fft*. r_iltrt?*.
seven»r
1 lions In this country who are liable to . ■-■■.?■-_, '--'y   £r. X~>y*y- ^ ^*&&^ ???'&'''.t*:**-^1      -v-*." >v*-**- M, ■ •      -*-,">Tj^#?.t*Cr>v- ,* v,-"^ -^   £'■■**■:-»■_> ,'■■   "
_-**^:,^X"* .-^ ■•:--:'.
- " *'7- ■?,*••' _7"*.* '-^.* .-.V-^***   r""--^**"** "*_■<. "*■._*"-   .'--*•- **^-,  ,■".-*"'.-'"*■--'.*..'   ■_.'      .^  ** ^,  * - '.'**    "--**
, * ..,- .-*•-■? -t*v?i - . -.7 --v..**:. .**•"-*. 7   *,     j-.y.-a",,-- -.*-.-   » ,..,„'■' -    .,-*.*
I"-*';,'..-.'**     ....   „"*"•: «.-*•-'-  *_#-*_   -      'T- ,   -   *'*.       '        "-   .-" --'>    -     -       _     "
.    .-     7    --*".-.  .1-',d7v'v"-i"   ,,-7.   "- "•*''•-;;   -       7- V ' *"
> ."■..- <7-"   *■*.'■  *   .- - . *   .        i"   -:•       * •**"
THB DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.. B. 0., JUHE 10,1911.
. ". *■ „   -*-
«    *- ?       **Vl-**,.s-.    ^ -^r-t ,
*/ .    .
-.
IS,
I ._'.-■
I*.*.   /
\%i'" '"-
|* '
I *
life   .
Iti'
l_    ■
1...
J
,* ; . The ,-Blairpiore baseball nine accompanied by, their supporters will be
here-on Sunday for the purpose of trying conclusions with' the Intermediate
team of ball.tossers. Game will begin at 2.30.      " , •    '.   *■,
, George E. Herder-son, president and
manager; of. the Bull River Hydraulic
'"Powei; Station, was in town ttiis'week.
Chief > Electrician R. B. C. Hammond
.. expects to make a trip to tbis plant in
. the near future and report" on same.
of them "decided./to; stay < hi - Montana
and seek employment in tbat state.
. George'Barton, who -brought a batch
of horses-into town* recently not only
disposed of them at once,-but received, orders for so many more thai he
left*" Friday morning for the prairie
to purchase another consignment.'
The change In the time card of the
Great Northern is meeting with the
approval of our local tradesmen and
also the mauy new settlers'30 .th of
Elko, who can come lo town without
lso much loss of ^tlme as has hereto
"fore been the case.
On Tuesday last. ^Provincial "Constable Campbell p. Michel, and Special
P.C. Johnstone, brought .in a lumber
jack charged* with a very serious crime.
Case was brought up at 3 o'clock in
the afternoon and verbally, remanded.
Further details will be furnished when
the ' case conies up for preliminary
hearing." '. ,'
The Fernie Italian Band will play
its usual excellent selection of music
on Sunday next in" Victoria Avenue,
beginning at 8 o'clock. Tlie unfavorable weather prevented their appearance Sunday last.
J. Green, after a residence of about
seven years left Fernie for tlie coast
_,on Friday morning's train as he in-
; tends to locate somewhere near the
"sad sea waves' as a change from
mountain breezes. His many, friends
are numerous in wishing "Shorty" success wherever ho goes'.''
■ The various members are determined to bring back tho prize from Lethbridge when the band. contest takes
place there August, 15th, and in tho
meantime constant practice is the order, of the day. Both tho professor
and the musicians are to be congra-
tu'n.'tl i*n cie quality ot the music
furnished and the crowds ihat alrond
these open air concerts give the best
proof of appreciation that can be
vouchsafed.   .
'llr. James .Mayour, who has been in
the employ of the Crows-.-Nest;,Pass
Coal Co. for the past three and-a half
years, and latterly chief* of the purchasing • department, hap severed his
connection with the,above corporation
arid gone tb the coast, where his many
friends hope he- may find a lucrative
position for which his splendid attainments eminently fit him to occupy.
One of the events of the Coronation
' celebration June 2nd will be a 10-round
boxing bout ;n the Fernie Opera House
between Dragon, o'f Fernie, and Streeter, of Cranbrook.    These two men are
/aspirants for the championship of the
Crow's Nest Pass, and in their efforts
.to support'their, respective dairiis it
is confidently.expected by.their'parti-
izans botha men, will win the coveted
prize.' .7      ", •"'-.""■ .'  - ;
Frank Allan, of Passburg, determined to get the better of thc.C. P.' R.
and Instead of travelling -along the
Crow's Nest Pass*over the steel rails
from his home-town to Elko, 'drove
across and likewise drove a she-bear
and her two cubs off the path near
the Summit. - Her ladyship did not
movo with the alacrity that Frank pre
ferred and in his excitement he lost
his pipe case, but whether he accidentally swallowed it or not cannot be.
ascertained, but the fact remains that
it is missing, and he states that for
hair raising a sudden meeting with El-
isha's protector is'of far more worth
than ten bottles of Herplcide, the latter makes the hair grow, but the former causes it to sprout out like the quills
of a disturbed porcupine.
-Mr. James,'F.' Moran, one of the re-
* presentatlves from the International [of
the U. M. W. of 'A^-has been laid up'
*• for several days by a spell of sickness
. at— the=^*7aldorf—Hotel,-.but-we»are-now,
-■> pleaBedto report that he is very much
* Improved. While en route to Fernie
Mr. Moran met,a crowd-of 28 men on
the G. N. train who"had been Informed that there was plenty of work for
coal miners-.along the Crow's "Nest
Pass, but.upon,being acquainted with
tho exact 'state of .affairs  everyone
ON THE ORIGIN OF THINGS
. One admirable thing about the'Socialistic propaganda is that it encour-_
ages'thought along fundamental.-lines.
It leads "to the consideration and discussion of such questions as the.origi..
and nature of ownership,iri° land, the
origin and-nature ,-of ownership -in
things, "the obligations ->. attaching to
ownership, the, rights „of non-owners,
the relative rights and" power of the
.- -        ■-*-.. -      . * -'*- .
Htntp_anri__th_*>_individuaI;,__:thG___orleir__
tv; -   ~ '    r   ""-"""     "
and nature of wealth, •* and. so on.
Statesmanship, diplomacy,, legislation
and jurisprudence deal with .things as
they are.- , Socialism endeavors to discover the why things are as they are,
how they ought to be and by what
means they can be made to be as they
ought to be.-"   The weak point In tho
Socialistic propaganda lies in the fact
that as it:is 'popularly ,*advancedt.It
deals' only, wiih.- halt ]the'.truth. It
disregards the human-equation, substituting theory^ for what is the-paramount, factor, iiii human progress. With
the ultimate aiju. of Socialism, namely
the promption of^the "welfare of the
Individualj.ali persons must be In sympathy,, but' li is" open" to very "grave
doubt* if there;is anything-permanent
in the Socialist propaganda as it is
carried on'to-day, and the leaders of
Socialist thought do not so claim.' Col
lective ownership is not the ultimate
aim of Socialism, but only one.stage
In" the progress5of mankind towards
ideal conditions.'- "Collective ownership" wrote Simon's,' edttor of the Irt-
terriktlonal Socialist. Review,- "is, simply the next logical stage ln social evolution." -What.will result from it cannot be foreseen, because; as Mr. Simons -says, the decisions of the majority
and the, progress of Industrial development cannot be known In advance.
Socialism, properly considered is^ evolution not revolution. , But it deals
with collective ownership as an end
and not merely as a. means, as a conclusion and not merely a stage In' progress,' as a consummation, assometh-*
ing which of itself will ensure universal happiness. *-" ■ ' '
r' If we could.get an accurate account
of the aboriginal conditjons.of mankind
we would probably find1 that the, idea
of ownership was j^not' coeval in its
j origin with humanity, except so; far
'as actual possession went,' the-sort
! of ownership which a dbg has in a
'.bone or in a sunny spot where'he is
taking' a nap. ,„ Nothing belonged to
"anybody; the Socialist propaganda
teaches that everything ought to belong to everybody, subject only to use
bv the person actually in possession.
The logical conclusion from the'latter
would be a return to the former. Between collective ownership" and no
ownership there is no real difference
in principle. Hence it. is not surprising to find Socialist writers conceding
that they-do not profess to know -vhat
will follow "collective ownership. -
Presumably individual ownership
was first exercised In regard to chattels. '".' There is no certainty about
this, for .we.have no records to* help
us to .a conclusion; but it seems reasonable to think "that in'the" older
stages of human advancement the" idea
of individual i property in land would
not have* been entertained. ' AVe know
'it is not .entertained by people, who
are now living in-a low.state of civilization:'*-;      ' (.'-    .        s     ■ .,
Tribal ownership is in a sense uni-
.versal,\i,foEinatioria]_owTiersiiip_is_only_,
a development df it. - At what stage
in human progress individual owner-"
ship inland began'to be recosjnlsed it
is-quite Impossible to'say, for, we,have
no records tbat extend to a time when
It was not acknowledged, and when it
did not form.the basis of social organization among people that had emerged
from" primitive conditions. v We may
theorize as-we will about the injustice
•*.». **, *■, -        ,-- *. -- .---*-
of ir, butno'one can hope to disprove
that "the whole", fabiic of.modern "civilization has been reared upon individual
ownership "of, land,, upon the fact that
the right of possession' gave van incentive to. improvement, "--. '..._' ,--_-"''_
* We are .frequently told that property
in land, as it,exists .to-day is.a survival of feudalism. ..So it-is".ih.a .jense,
but feudalism* was better thaii chaos,
and without, feudalism \tiere.*' would
have been chaos. Here,we have opened to iis a retrospect,' which, ought to
he'a.valuable guide.to the future. In
.previous articles on this'-page atte'n-'
tion. has .been directed to the "distinction between.English-and .Continental
feudalism, and it has been pointed out
that. William "the Conqueror claimed
to be the personal owner of all the
land of England,' with the right to give
it to .whomsoever he' chose. • This Is
ilie' 1'iisis oi title to land in ,BfiH*-'!-
countries, only as the Crown 1-,-h coin?
Lo 1-e lvoognized as'a truatccAhlp onl;--
r.ir llic't.vcple, ownership in lnnd *,-i
n-lt'.sh countries is j*eally ■ i*ol!c-**ri\*e
fundament! Ily, and this principle i.-
demonstrated ln\,the .United Sliu-r*?
that ultimate title to all. lands is ves-
ed.in Mie state, and it is the psonie who
constitute the State, riot,the land, nor
•the government, rior "anything else
than an aggregation of individuals acting, in unison for mutual advantage.
The principle', of , ultimate collective
ownership is*-recognized in all our le-
gisla Hon, and Is known" as the doctrine
of eminent domain.' Individual ownership is subject .to collective ownership,
but there.is at* present no restriction
upon the area of land which an individual njay own.,-* The Socialist propaganda seeks to restrict' this capacity
of ownership'both as to areaand as to
tenure. . 1,
Ownership in the.means of production is the outgrowth of inventive genius. Before the in\ention of modern
machinery, this ownership was unimportant, because it" was individual skill
that counted in -production. . A good
shoemaker working in his little,, shop
could make better,.shoes than a poor
shoemaker. Machinery has changed
this. ;■• Except- in a few instances no
one now makes a' shoe wholly by hand.
Machinery hiis^rgely taken the place
of skill." ■*- .But onachinery without labor could pfo'duce nothing. Therefore
the Socialist propaganda airhs at the
"collective ownership about .which hundreds ; of thousands, of men are thinking deeply." -There is not the'.least,
use in seeking- to' arrest this tide df
thought by .applying harsh names' to.
,the_thinksrs,;.mistake_-in-their_coiicIu--
sions and Jttieir** methods though .they
may be. [ The "protests of conservatism will be as unavailing against it as
were the.edits'of'prelates against Renascence. 'If -those of "us who are not
Socialists are wise,' we will begin to
do a little thinking ourselves—Victoria
Colonist.   *,        ;  ,     '
FINAL WIND-UP-SACE.  "
■^•s;:»..
For Three Days "Only, beginning Saturday, June 10th.. ^ r Trim-med ,Hats,
$i.50(* 82/00, and.$2:50;;, none'-"over
$3.50: -worth up to fS.opoTif i_'the"
b!gge.«t bargain offer, that "will* vome
your way for "a long' time7 " The bare
announcement Is enough to sell every
hat left". Also "flowers"; feathers and
'shfipes!— Miss.EULER.'t^- /'< "    ,_ , •
Here it is, Waiting for 11
FOR SALE-^Bargain tor quick^ purchaser— One. Acre of. land in West
Fernie.- Apply, Ledger Office.      40-4t
20 Acres of ffnef^arid at $30 per
acre, covered with tamarac and cedar.
Also one half acre lot,* $150. Apply,
J. McLaughlan, West Fernie. '  40—4t
MONEY TO LOAN—M. A. Kastner
Fernie iind district for the Colonial
Investment Company, and is,prepared
to advance money on business blocks
at a reasonable rate of interest. -"
■-.-_-•_,
■> -._c "■■. » •
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FOR SALE—Two English Bull Terriers, two and half years' old,;$25; or
will sell separate; unrelated. W. Parnell, Fernie,' B..C. "   .-
'-.TO RENT.—Three-roomed modern*
McPherson Avenue.
Apply,
Wm. S, Pearson, McPherson Ave.
' *   '    "- "* .       40—3t.-ri. p.
Bungalow • ori
Plastered arid well, finished.-
' . V\ . .LOST
On -.Thursday between Suddaby's
Drug Store" and Pellat Avenue'East,
via P. Or and City Hall,1 a brooch, circular in shape,, outer' rim of - Scotch
pebble's,-bloodstone and agate, centre
silver thistle, amethyst-forming flower.
Finder' please return same to Miss
Daniels,, co. "Wilkes" Boarding House,
Pellat Ave."' ■   40-t.f.
WANTED*—Live' man or woman for
work at home paying $2.00 or $3.00 per
day with, ^opportunity ■-•■to advance!
Spare time can be used." -, Work,not
difficult and requires no experience.
Winston', .Limited, Spadina Avenue,
Toronto. " ■ •' '  ' - '     --   ,'
".   '-" m * '       "*    **       I 4 *
I "',
For Sale
O.  ' "■■■---..7-a.V»cr^.'\vi "s V">,,^" ^i/ *■*,;■.  -" -^,- "7O
'•" Limited   * ,,
t The Store 6^ Good ¥aliieS ^
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**- *•*•*. »..*'.
22 Acres Fruitland
1   at Elkmouth  \
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Partly cleared and; ready for
planting' out. " Gvood, stream
of pure w^ter/ on property.
Easy tei'ms.A Address A.J.B.
District Ledger, Fernie, B.C.,
for'particulars.      .    . -,|" •
Grocery Specials ior *
''7,;*v    t .   --. -. 7*'',.-' 7.i 7
Saturday and Monday
Our evei\r~day prices will reduce your cost of *''
• living, wliile the special values offered for Satin'day "•,
aiid _Ionday selling will effect a further saving for
you.        n  ^    '    : *    -  ^ .*".'"/ :
'20 lb. Sacks Pure^Cane Sugar ..'.'...'...':   $1.20
Choicest Alberta Creamery Butter, per lb. -.. "30c. 1- "
-. Quaker Oats, 2 lb pkts. ... ....*.*.. .\. -..    lie.; :,
Post Toasties, 3 pkts for  .';     25c:' °
". 2 oz." Flavoring Essences  71' 15c.^ *
"" ■* v   * 1 t tv
1 lb. Jars.C. and B. and Robertson's.-Mnrma-V   , , '■ _ -
' ■ ■ lade .: .-...- *.. .-•;. .*. .*.. .*. ; 20c. "
Best1 Japan Bice,' 5 lbs for ... 7., '...' 25c. ,\
.Colgate's" Toilet Soap, regular-40c. per box '25c.
'3 lb7pkts. Washing Powder .... .'f. 7 .. -_.'.•' 20c. " ''
Oval arid Flat Toilet Paper, 5 pkts-foi- . .*.' .v.-   25c. \ ;
7-*3.;lb.'bags*Salt, 4 for-.*....;..-.'.'...':.r.'.-J-V "25c'  "
Fry's.Breakfast'Cocori,'.i4,ll3. tins5-:..'. I'..... - 25c,    ;
felu'e. Label Tomato* Catsup :.......'. _'-.'... .'.7730*;.K
Royal Household Flour, .00 lb", sacks ...'. $3.25-' ; *
Royal Ilousfehold Flour, .50 lb.-sacks :...- $1.65.* •
Table Raisins, reg&ai. 25c. per pound, -for .' .* 15c
" Sunlight and LifeVuoy Soap,"6 bars for, .7 .-;   25a'.. ,,
Very Special Reductions iii;
the Millinery Department
This is, the bestl JMilliuery" news of the "season.
:-<_
.,l
*f* "       ri]Tt*mac*   Qn^'oniirtirp ■* -ivt   nil   -Mi/*  •.yx^ix^fnir^'aanAmnneik-*-* >_-.    .   .        .*•■     *™.      ." - "	
-^"V re—-p*u.iuvM  v«.*-i.v*-*k.-'^*-M-j wj-jiii-u/i__-Ki*_-iAxukju-_in 1 vjl i/Vi'iSVtiOVit^O—"*l "~^>t—' ~',<r
4s colors, including' black?/ There is"*aJwide.,assort-,'   7 7*.    -.**
4>     •  ment ino two hats alike, and variety -to"" please the.. . - -Tv ' .
0        -• •        "*■'.'-,..      ., -     .   ■  , •   .     .   v.. * , ,   rf>  '   ,Nr   -
^> .       most * exacting.     Examine .the ' special' values.""'    fy-   '*
4> Second flo'or'r    ,. :•■'■ "J-"''' J . '*"'   "*'"'   " " -.. -,,..- 7.-7'^- '
O '     •   *Yy '*■■■:,-   7   ;.,    r.;v $\
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦:♦♦♦<$;♦♦>
'HELLO,YANKEE LAlrTRS
GRAND OPERA HOUSE,  FERNIE,  B.C.,  ONE  NIGHT  ONLY, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE   i«th   P__AN AT WtcLEANS
,3_ LICC SKfiJ.
it... .....
a   • -       'i ^
*>*««im'(MftiMn'ir<i   *wv^»«rtMift«t-*i**,*_H_M mm*, ivu.

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