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The District Ledger Aug 31, 1912

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The Official Organ of.Distriot No.,18, U. M. W.'of At
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THE; DISTRICT; LEDGER; FERNIE,..B;jC; AUGUS1. 31, 1912.
$1.00 A YEAR.
i \r'
G;^R.jMenit Fc^^ill^ Refuse
to go io WVrki---Police Disperse the
; ; Growd.--Sixteen Hundred now out.-
^May Bring in Strikebreakers.     v
• ','       *\   "       - :\y s   •'. "
' -\FORT'WILLIAM,-.Ont.,. Aug. 26.—
- Tl'_«.freighf handlers at the'C.'P? R.
;, docks ,_ tonight followed ' the example
; set by the.C.'N. R. men In Port fArthur
,'v    . i '--       ,    1}
, .recently.'and,declined?to go to"work?
• .There are in all 1,600 men engaged 'on
! "the docks. ;'?The'{ night shift numbered about 700. •'   Only six. men passed
!■   . j, - " ■- j ... y   ■ i <  -
7the.timekeeper."'-  7   ' ,- 7    -_
'y' At^7 o'clock a.crowd of 1,000 men,
■gathered near the'entrance to the dock
on' the corner where the "strikers bat-
r ,tle took.' place .just^tltree.' weeks ago,'
7 The entire police force, was rushed to
"the spot~and "the.m&b "dispersed with'
'. little difficulty?'' \ One'man-was arrested for. refusing to' move on.;",-? .The*v Or
\ P. R. a, few days ago, s at' llhi intlma:
.tlon of'trouble, granted the-_fien/half
.  the -increase < they "demanded. t 'This
.: seemed for .the time to settle'the'.difficulty. 7-The/walk out of ,the'C. X R.
' laborers",-however, seems',to. have ,'in-
? fluencedcthe C. P>R._men.   They were
' getting ,.25  cents „ an > hour and' were
r'given 27%"-cents,- and -now demand'
"| ,30 'cents?'; ;   /"   V -,. 7   7 /' ■'*;_ ■ "-
\ -"The^C.'-'N/'R. 'have" chartered' the
^ Forest City', an excursion boat, to'br-
;; ing ^strike" breakers-
'-' Michr. -. k -yy-ry
I., .
from    Houston,
,     .    ,  ^XX./yS
- • PORT yARTHUR,, Ont.; Aug.-" 26.—
' . Special constables, armed with-' rifles
.'.-patrol, the Canadian Northern dock
. ^property, and^ approaches,' while about"
the sheds where usually hundreds of
*■.>.•.
men are engaged, moving freight ,bet-
* -    ,  y *■•
ween the boats and trains?-all is quiet
as a-church.yard.'' - The men and the
company have^STfar failed to come to
any. agreement regarding the wages
schedule. '7 Company' officials," refuse
to say^what their,plans, are,' .but have
procured the old steamer Niagara, and
have moored her at the docks "in a con:
yenient :plkce for living quarters for
any, men that might be'-brought In in
the endeavor to bring,about"a' resumption "of.''operations? . Strikers' are not-
conspicuous and ao far have given no
sign, whatever of-"causing ;any ^disturbance. ';"*.*     '       •■»   , ,
; ■ PORT? ARTHUR,^ Ont. Aug; 27.—An^
other' attempt "to, patch up the differ-,
ences between the striking truckers of
the C. -N. R.and the company-was
made "this afternoon-but failed, General
Superintendent -Warren and Special
Agent' McDonald7,who1> .offered an advance of;, two, cents an hour • and
time, and-a fialf..for overtime and
holidays?" Seven of the eight members
of the committee agreed to recommend
the Adoption of'the offer and returned
to a-Knass,meeting of.the men which
was in, session waiting for them? The
men' refused the offer and it is now
said that all negotiations are off. The
company, officials' admit that'they intend making an1 efforF.to., break ".the
strike.'---''-"'-   s--"   .--•'!- -y   <
\i -     ** --' -   - r   -i* *,    *  '   .'     '    '^>,       v       ■'       *"''('   "
JOSEPH
FELS IN.
BRITISH POLITICS
Single Tax Leader'Said to be.Flnah'c:-
■ Ing   Lloyd   George's ^Campaign—
, '■' ,Haa Spent Over $160,000'   ,    ,
• ' LONDON, Aug. 26.—That American
dollars aro again ploying a prominent
part in English "politics, is the 'complaint qf tho Conservative PresB. Tho
/Home Rule Fund subscribed by Irish
Americans drove tho ■ Conservatives
crazy, but it -now' transpires that tho
"slnglo tax", campaign, at whlclCChan-
collor Lloyd'Qelrge has been nibbling
and which'haa'won three' rocont byo-
eloctlioiis, is financed by' Joseph.Pols,
tho' American soap magnate. ITols has
long boon known horo nB a slifglo tax-
or/and today R..L. Outhwalto, Liberal
membor. of parliamoh't for'llenloy, admitted that Pels supplied most of tho
$150,000 which hns boon spent lately
on tho propagation of tho Henry
Ooorgo doctrlno, ,       '
LABOR DISPUTES
WERE NUMEROUS
July a Bad Month, According
to the Goverment Records
OTTAWA, August 20.—Induatrinl
condttlonB wero Rorlounly dlflturhod by
lnbor dlBputoa during July, tlio mini-
bor in oxlstonoo In that month bolng
;( oonsldornbly greater tbnn tho numbor
oxidtlng during .Tunc.     Tho numbor
, aotunlly coiihiioiicIiih;,  howovor,   dur-
»i Ipg July, fompnro« favorably with that
of tho provlous month. In all, forty
bIx dlHjnitca woro roportod lo tho do-
pnrtmont, nn InorortKo of nlno ns com-
, parod with Juno n"nd nn Incroaso of
, twonty-olght ab , compared with July,
1011/ About If.ODO omployos woro
nffocted by thoso dlsputflB ns com*
pnrod with 15,000 during Juno and 10,-
000 during July, 10U, ( A termination of tho garment workorB Btrlko or-
-etirrod during July which cnuaod »
roBumptlon Qf opomLlona by moro than
four thousand omployos aftor noarly
, two montliB of Idlones*. Fow of tho
uii_puCi!__ eoiuuKiuc.us .iuiuiii a'ufy woro
Individually of serious c<nscqucnco aa
ffto .or* la dl«tnrbinjj Induttrial coitdl-
tloilB.
their headquarters', ,but~,aIso7prevailing upon - all-workmen-irapidly to' iii-
creaset their___ savings by' every? means
untii!» November, 'when, their"-.leader's'
will open? tbe session of parliament, bv
tho demand,for "one-man.one vote."
As" the Catholic government and",ma-
jorlty are firmly resolved to reject
such a proposal,; the signal .will' then
be given to cease work in'air mines,
factories, docks .railways, small or
great trades, so as' to • bring llfo to a
complete, stands till' until opposition
to franchise reform gives way. * ■ .The
Socialists expect the strike to last, for
flvo or Blx WDoks- at least, but affect
the groatest- confidence in the issue.
Thoir Liberal allioB.'are discountenancing this foolhardy scheme, from
which thoy only, expect strife, misery
and 'public oxasporntjon and reaction
ngalnst any Idea ot reform. ' Tlio Lib-
ernl burgomasters of Brussels and surrounding- municipalities"' liave ,met.
and refused to grant tho Socialists tlie
right to organise street collections of
monoy for tho, strlltors. But tho labor party turns a doaf ear to all objections, nnd Is intont upon prephrlng
Boclnl disorganization for noxt winter,
doBpito tho loBsou Hot by tha wretched
failure, 6f moro'than ono., attempt of
tho kind abroad,
On the othor hnnd, the offlclnl nulh-
orltloR nnd largo labor omployors arc
expressing their Intention to wreck tho
movomont hy applying for mnsBOs ol
foreign hnndB (French, ICngllBh, nnd
OBpocInlly Gorr/mli. ns kooii ns labor
la suspended horo; whllo tho gonoral
public nro showing much anxiety and
thinking of putting In an unuBU'il stork
of wlntor provisions; ho that tho noxt
month will already wltno«» tin I'Dnor-
mul nnd disturbing rlso in prlcoi.
JFFOCATED UNDER .   -7 . ';.
,'."•' 7.7 LOAD OF COAL
Fireman While Shoveling Fuel orf En-
-.'glne( at'Mooset/Jaw^Finds  Boeiy'-.
- I?   '" ■ of Man "y;,   - ' .
- ■ MOOSE JAW,''-Aug.;- 'li.—William
Aikens,''aged,38 years, a C. P.^.R. employe, met "death tonight'in a remarkable and tragic'manner.' While* a flre-
nian^was shovelling'coal out'-of his
tender.he came,on what appeared a1
discarded shoe.., He ^yent .on shoveling" until another - shoe ■ and .trousered
leg - appeared, then he" set up "a cry
for help.' 'Four men dug frantically
until the body of' Alkens was -taken,
out, .but In spite of expert first aid
and medical attendance,,the man had
died of asphyxiation. ' It, Ib presumed
that'\Aikeris'bad fallen, into 'the tender Just5 as, V load-of'coal swept in
from the chute ten minutes before,, he
waB-found. t He leaves a family and
four children. \      ; S   •• - J ■>  -      •
REBELSLEFT THREE    '
"' *     ',7 7y , \  "THOUSAND DEAD
• LISBON, Aug.. 26.—The. general.revolt, of natives against Portugese rule
"atrTimor, Malay'Archipelago, has been
suppressed -'after, several 'sanguinary
battles.\- The governor/at Timor telegraphs that'the rebels left-3,000 dead
onthe field and'thatX^OO nativeswere
made prisoners."- ''■'*:-"
\COAL FAMINE1
,.-' MONTREAL, ;Aug. 27—While ordinarily ^there1 are stored in Montreal at
this time of the year about 250,000 tons
of stovetcoal, local.dealers today say
that there are not 50.0 tons of this class
of coal .in the city. •'■"-■
The" dealers ^also " announce , that
prices are likely, to* take a jump with
in. tne-> next two -.weeks,' stove. coal
loose is "selling at' $7?25 a'ton arid iri
a..week or'two will likely go to $8.25.
Bgg'cbal loose a ton at.$7.25 and .will
likely-go. to $8.00,-, and'chestnut' coal
now being sold;'at.$8.00 will be sold'at
$8.75..'' yyyi;   t     ■;•   '•:
£ Hi+f.^'-eYr*
Refus. to Jry 7;
Clarence Danow
LOS ANGELES,' Cal., "Aug. 27.—All
<$f the 12 superior court judges of Los
Angeles' County have refused to preside at the second-trial of Clarence
S. Darrow, the Chicago lawyer charged with perjury and bVlblng in his
handling ot the MeNamara trial'. •   •
RECORD OF EMPLOYEE8'
Labor Departmeritylssues Instructions
to' Railway Contractors In Canada
INQUEST ON
'? RICHARD HEMBROW
* " ■•       ^Xf--1, \'
v r        \       i    X \     *
Coroner Wilk8$> klumps on
Miners' Representative
^ ^* • • .
The inquest on"the?death of Richard
Hembrow, the driver ".boss who lost
his life in an accident' at Coal < Creek,
on August 19," was; held on Monday,
August 26.
"'"Coroner Wilkes presided. The following jury were sworn0in:' J. D.
Quail (hardware store keeper) foreman, L. A. S. Dack (bank manager),
Walter Jefferies'(jeweler), Fred Spalding (photographer)i .Geo., J: B. Bell
(bank manager),- S, L.MDunlop' (telephone company, manager).
The; evidence adduted- showed- that
a big trip'of.'cars brokelawny and ran
over the-deceased before-he had time
to get away, arid the jury brought in a
verdict oi -^"accidental', death," • with la
recommendation that,the regulations
governing-the'number of cars to,run
on each "trip be' morei rigidly adhered
to-'>"". .--■ yy; -y
As is customary in' connection with
fatal:, accidents, and In order that the
interest of'the, dependants inay.be, to
an-extent/''safeguardea> Secretary Carter, of the" Mine Worker's? "was present
at 7 the' inquest.-', jir.-> Carter, whil3t
'availing himself of the privilege which
■the'act affords in-this respect^ endeavored to ask' of Mr.' John. Biggs, who
was on the witness stand, through the
coroner'7 the' following ' questlori:-
"What would you -suppose the deceased had'in view when'sending trips up
the incline" with more' loads attached'
than he, deceased) -was supposed to
send?" '7" / 77': ;,' .
. At this, point Mr.' Sherwood Herchmer, the'solictor,: for the Coal Co., interrupted' with' an..objection to Mr.
Wilkes putting*' the question on' the
ground that-it'\was not a proper one.
Mr. ^ilkeV. upheld-f Mr? Herchmer's
contention'"'arid did,-riot put the, ques-
tiori^at^the^samewtime~aamonishi_rg"
Mr. Carter'^or attempting Jo, in."__is
opinion,- ask such'-an irrevelant, question.' ',.' •'- „y * ■-..      '-  \
PLURAL^WIVEST^"-
ONLY REMEDY
German Society Sees No Other Way of
Combatting.Falling Birth Rate
DELOIUM  80CIALI8T8
Dtmand Will ba Made to Parliament
for Unlverttl 8uffr»ga -
nriwflflRfj?, Aur. *«.—Thf rvfjriiin
SoclallBt* aro actively onranhlng u
Jm&*i Htrikf? <it *v*tr Wnd of labor, by
which they bopo to necure uolversjil
•uffraje puro and ilmple. aa acalnat
tb* pM«#nt plural vot#, which Ktras
tne «M»r d»«i« inch a» a<l»anta«#
wt<r th* \o*tr. Tb«T *i* u*t ««.y
ni*nmn1»nng f^««t). tnr fb# pnrpfhM" ».
jl
forcibly' feeding
the'suffragettes
DUnLI.4, Aug. 2«.—Tlio p'rlaon offl-
clnla yostorday bognn feeding MrH.
Mnry Leigh and MIbb Oladya Kvnna
forcibly. Tho two women nro tbo suf-
fragctti.H Bontcnccd to flvo years penal
Bervltudo for trying to burn tbo Theatre Uoyal. They istartod a hunger
Btrlko In the jail nnd were In dnnnor
of dying of Btarvntlon,
•OTTAWA, Aug. 26.—A,circular has
beenisBiied recontly by the department of lnbor and sont to various railway contractors on government work.
The circular contains certain regulations calculated to protect men om-
ployod on such work, und lt requires
tha't all contractors, sub-contractors
and other employers of labor shall
keop a,complete record of names', address in Canada, together with homo
addresses and-namo and local address
of nearest rolatIvoto& employees. In
tho paBt, such a record hns not been
kbpt and ns a raaiilt mnny foreign laborers with families at homo, In caso
of death by oxploslons or othor accident's, havo boon burled u/ildontlflod,
Inquiry from waiting rolatlvoB at homo
In many cnsoB hns boon futllo.' Under tho now regulation., tho nnmcH, ad-
drosBos.otc, will bo forwarded to tho
dopnrlmont of labor for ifotorenco In
caso of death, ,
BERLIN, Aug. 26.—German ; papers
are making sarcastic fun of the Mitt-
gar society, which has been holding
a congress in Jeria. After a long
pow-wow, the society came to tho conclusion'that, the only remedy for the
falling birthrate and the "general do-
cadence of nations is plural wives.
Tho society considers great cities the
poison centres of modern civilization,
whore humanity Is devoured and dei
stroyed, and .proposes'to ' establish
colon Iob where the right men will
havo several of tho right kind of
wives.
ENGINEERS'8TRIKE
HAZELTON, Pft„ An- 20.—All tlio
colllorloB ot G. 11, Mnrkln and Co., tho
InrgOBt Indlvdiml conl oporntorB in
^IiIb Btato, nro tlod up todny by a
strlko of tbo liolHtlng cnglnuors, who
quit bocnuno of a dlBngroflmont.over
wages.    About -1,000 hands aro Idlo,
EMPEROR AND 80CIALI8T
cupations, and foreign plans for workmen's insurance:   ' 7
Not only will there be labor representatives present, but officials are expected'from .-various government departments, such as,the British,home
office and board of trade.
International • legislation would appear Jo,1 be really influenced' by these
conferences,,,for the international association, which organizes these gatherings once every two years, already
claims to have prepared the" way for
two valuable international labor treat-
ies-'one dealing with night work for
women and the other with the use of
white 'phosphorus in "match arid other
industries. Now the leaders in the
movement hope the coming conference
will press forward the, need for international legislation on night work for
young people and a, ten hours day for
women and young workers. ,To this
end the Swiss Federal council will invite, the representatives of the powers
to a consultation at Berne _.
AMERICANS ASKED TO EMBRACE
NEW JAPANESE RELIGION
Herr Blocher'WIII Not'Receive Ger-
1 man  Monarch as at' First   ''
Intended
nBRNfi, Switzerland, An ft 2S--lm-
pelletl by, hla folio .V Socialists, Heir
niochor, the Socialist londgr has ro
noiincod tho )doa of i'cw.i..lnv: ns head
of tho Cniitonnl govern .nou' of llaslo,
Emporor' William on Ilia -MnJosty'B
forthcoming visit to Switzerland to at-
tend the .Swiss army manoeuvre,..
Hon* Bloehor announced tonight lie
would ho obliged to ho nbnont from
HaBlo on Soptombor fl, the dnto on
whleh tho Gormnn Kmporor • ci'obbob
tbo SwIbb frontier.
TOKIO, Aug. 27.'—America and the
other western civilized .nations'are incited ' to embrace the principles of a
new religion, proposed for Japan by
former'Vice Minister of Education,
Izama. The Emperor,'a number of
princes, of the blood and many Japan-'
ese scholars and statesmen announced
th'eriiselves in favor of the movement,-
which is'designed to take the place oft
Christianity? and all" other faiths.
TWnewLreligious body is to be call-
d'the Dai Nippon'Koka Kyodan, whlcli
in English means"-"the religious Com-
munity'of Japan." The Emperor is
to be the supreme head of the cult and
his authority ls to be absolute in spirit
ual'matters as is that of.the Roman
Pontiff or.as" was that of Buddha in
ancient India.'" -The new • religion will
thus be monotheistic. "''The community will' have no formal president,1 but
aH of the meiribers of the imperial
family will be honorary members and
other Japanese, subjects will be ordinary members, j* ■"•"; , • • ' - - ,
- m Emperor Has Divine Right ■>
.... "Tbe_Japanes6lpmpiri'._hflA'jng?.]>ppTi
governed by'one? Imperial family since
the very.beginning," says Izama', ;,'has
a peculiar polity,' one in which the Em-"
porer possesses divine.right. Such a
polity can hardly be found In any other,
'country. ,y ;Pdr:'lristance,*; In China, it
has happened 'that 'the Emperor, abdicates his throne' to be' succeeded by
ono of bis former subjects. Then, too,
when the* German Emperor spoke..once
of, his', divine right he ,was .strongly
criticized by his subjects because
such an idoa* is not consonance with
the policy of Germany. ,,'
"But In Japan the Emperor is tho"
descendant of tho Ameno-Mlna Kami-
chl-no-Knmi. the creator of tho world.
Hence tho imperial family, being .a
divine race, is entirely different from
tho racea'of othor Japanese. The distinction between tho,Imperial Family
and the Japanese haa'boen made clear
since ancient times.,
■   Ameno Is the Creator
"Tliis Amono-Mlna Kanuclil-nb-
Kaml is tho only creator of tho world,
and ho has existed since tho beginning of the world nnd still exists to
govern the world. He Ib represented
under different namos in othor coun-
tries. For instance, ho is cnllod Em-
pcror of Hoavon in China, Buddha In
India and God'In woBtorn countrlos."
One of Llio purposes of tlio now religion ls'statod by Izama to be "tho
culllziitlon among its mombors of loyalty toward tlio Emperor and elevation of'tliolr moral idoiiB." Tho natives
of Coma, KormoHn, and Knrnfuto aro
to bo drnftoil Into Din propnaod nntlon-
ni rollgloiiR community.
Hosmer Expects Big
Labor Day Crowd
City Will Be in Festive Attire-
Entire Day Given to Sport-
Valuable Prizes Offered
bosses suspicious
And this Fact May Yet Lead to Some
Serious Trouble
QUEBEC," Aug, 27—Although it,was
openly stated'by the employes'union
of the Quebec Street Railway that
even if their demands for an increase
of .wages and; for the recognition of
their union were not acceded, to by
ther company they would not'go on
strike, the company, nevertheless,' re-
mained unconvinced • and suspicious,
with the result that a number of
strange men have arrived in this city
from Montreal" within1 the-last',few
days/ and have' been picked out. as
spotters and strikebreakers.
It is evident that' the company
fears trouble and Is preparing for the
worst. The , scale of wages asked
for by the'men, which was 21 c<mts
an hour' for the first year employed;
23 cents-for the "second year," andv25
cents for the third' year men' it was
not, entertained-for a moment by the
company who refused? to "have any
dealings with the union, ignoring it
entirely. • ,
•   The .great day for Hosmer la" draw- ■
ing near,, and its inhabitants are on
the tip-toe of expectancy, all eager to •
give the visitors a right royal welcome.    , Labor  Day,, 1912,   is  to   be,
chalked up in Hosmer in• red letters"
and ' given fair weather,. the  Sports  "
Committee feel confident that Fernie-
Ites and others who will spend the day
with them will return to their homes ,
well satisfied.', .The Fernie Band will
dispense music during the day and the
Coleman Orchestra   will   provide" the
music at the dance -in   the   evening.
Amongst'the events for the day the
Lacrosse competition, the Bread Bak-  •
ing-Competition and thp Baby'Show ■ ;
is'bound to attract keen.interest.' The •'
officials for the day are: ■
Judges:    W. Ranlcin, Jas. Maltman,   .
A. Linton; Bread Competition: Nurse, >
Kelly;    Baby   Show:'   Ur.   Gillespie.
Starters:    J. Standridge, J. D.' Mihal-
cik.    Handicapper: Jas. Ritchie.   Umpire (baseball): J. D. Mihalcik.     Re-V
feree  (lacrosse):  A. N. Other."     Rey
feree   . (football) ;■  -^ W. ' Balderstone;""
Groundsmen:  J.' Wardrop, 'W. Miller,
J.'H. Campbell, J. E. Grant, T. McKey
Dance Committee:  J. D. Mihalcik, J.y
Standridge, W. Balderstone.      Secre-''
tary:    W. Balderstone; Assistant Sec-'
retary; A. Coutts. ,     -'   '
TRADES UNION BANK ' '- , .,;.;
kMOOTED   IN1 BRITAIN
.Will   Be  Finally, Decided  at Coming
,    "Session,of Trades and Labor
,., Congress
E. V. DEBS NOTIFIED
OF HI8 NOMINATION
Nottd Soclallit  Leader  Will   Again
Unnri TlrUt nf Full Pl^rMnn
SPOKANE FAIR
SPOKANE, Aug. 28,—County and
city record* show that thetlo are over
■nMnn. good doj.*-—not common mon-
groU—In tho Inland Empire. Thoro
are 3,000 reglitorod good dogR In Spokane and'vicinity nlono and tho 8po-
kano Konnol Club la hoping that at
least one-third of all thoao don will
fu. pln^f. on fltbltjUlon at tlw ninth
annual bench thow wbich wllV be held
In connection with tie ayoUuc In-
UmUifi Fair, Seplemtwr 50, to October 8, At leaat 20 &•« klnda of dot*
will be exhibited at tho bench *how
tbla year aetordlnf to the «ntry Hit to
<it« and totcit ef tb* brt*di are m-
pwfulTj' inn*.
Il
Big Conference for
World's Labor Laws
Everything P7rpirad fer Big
Event In Zurich on
Sept, 10
STANDARD OIL MONEY HELPED
TO ELECT ROOSEVELT
ZURICH.
(i
l/H |i.!'"'U   .Ul
TI.RRH JTA1JTR, Ind., Aug. 20.~In
marked contrast to tlm notification
coromonles practised by other political partloi, tho BoclalUt proaldonthl
nnnilTipr*   Vuennn'V   tim.»i   »n.i«.i  „n
copied )i(s nomination by (Imply Informing the newapapew .that they
wore nt liberty to print hit nddrcft*
of acceptance which ho had sent them
In printed „form,
fto committee called on Mr. Dcbi
and thPie jmn an entire Jack of ceremony of any hind,
Mr. Doba win apeak tomorrow n\%M
at Fergua Falli, Minn.
The   Balvatloa   Army   *m   bold
tS**l»l i_-t__.6Tl*I atrrleea on Monday
tnorntas and evuulug,
Aug. 21.—I3vorytlil ij.   In
l   h'<-"1   «H.lil.iJ»   LUIIH'j-
llttv-ui-c   ut    <i't^   .it/l>K,.il»,8   ut   JUtUkllU;
lion ill labor lc_;UI.\iion In tbla city.
,'o.iiiiioiicl.ig Sepiombur 10 and lasting
thren days. li
Klv«» romml«Blon« will nil to donl
nidi *.«;cl_tl groupH of subjects, and
only two general mcrtirigii will be
held of nil tho dolcgatoB, nt which
outstanding problems nnd tbo roHUltiJ
rearhed by' tbo commli»lon» will bo
debated.
Aa --light bu tiif*c_»;d, the pro-
gramme It .the longc«t on record.
Anionx tim maltera _>«,b«duled ia a declaration aa to a maximum working
day In dan__en.ua tradea. the beter
protection of worker* on ratlroadi, tbo
regnlatlon of home work, minimum
wecee boardi, child labor, lndottrlal
ix.(*uu._._; iu_d dls_«iAa«« Katu«tl la oo-
WASlIINdTO.V, Aug. 20,-.lnhn A.
Archibald, of tho Standard Oil Company, will nppoar tomorrow morning
boforo tho Hiib-commlttno of tlio nonnto
commlttoo JnvoBtlguting <-nmpiiRln
fundi., Tho nnnnuneomont tlmt lm
would nppoar followed n dny of ..bitter polltlrnl rocrlmlnntlon on tbo floor
of tho vpnrtQ, devoted to an effort to
show thnt former I'ronldcnt Itoo.iovolt
knew that funds contributed by big
rorporatioiiH woro UBod'to help elocf
him tn MiOi.
Tlio attack ' on formor I'roHlilf'nt
Roosevelt todny originated In n col-
Iftrtin'   l.t I •i-f.fif   <ir,Mi...   r,      i      i»   ...
.     . •   .  •   ,,-w.       ^,i  ..   .      ...      ....  .
noiirl, Tlnmnfrnt, nnd f.M.Mtnr Vw
roue, of I»n., who prnaontcd ti rosolu-
(Ion demanding an Investigation of tbo
clrcuniHtancos aot forth In liln Blnte-
mont to tho «onnto yoatordny In which
bo rbnrfnil tlmt «1fln ftftn nf ototi.Vir,.
Oil monoy wont into tbo 1001 Hooba-
volt campaign fund wltb President
nooacv'olt'a knowledge. Senator l»on-
rose, Ilccd and William* each attack-td
Col. RooBovelt and Senator rolndox-
ter, of Waihlnston, a lupportor of
tb« new ProuwiRalvft party, camo to
hi* defenio.
MINE  MANAGER
s- I
IS  IN. TROUBLE
■ HAILEYBURY.'Ont. Aug. -27.—A1-.7
The output of coal por capita for the
principal producing; ceutttrfea of the
world I* aa follow*: United Kingdom,
0 ton*; United Btato*, i% ton*; Bob
Rlum, SH ton*; Germany, %% ton*;
>*»*_._*, W»a lUfca one ton.
."LONDON. Aug. '25yFor the purpose of providing financial assistance
to strikers in time of labor troubles it
is thought'probable .that among tho
reforms to' bo established by tlio coming trades and labor congress will be
the .formation of a trades union bunk.
Tho Idea has been mooted for.uome
time and will be finally decided upon
at the, BritiBh Congress:
A motion for tho securing of n federation of trades unions of,tlio enmo
Industry will be put forward 'by tho
delegates representing tho dock laborers who anticipate much good from
such alliances. In tholr motion, Iiow-
evSr, the delegates will repudiate syndicalism entirely.
i ii ii. . t
FIRE-BRAND HUGHES
JIT IT AGAIN
Is Surprised at Calgary Socialist Local  '
' Iii ii recent Ibbuo of tlio LodRor we
prlntod a resolution paaflcd liy the
Calgary SoolnllBtfl, a oopy of which
wiib forwarded to Sum HurIich, tho
Minister of Mllltla, „ To thin lio has
now replied and to thorn, wlio liaH'o
wiitohcil lhr_ tncllCH nf thlH gront and
mighty warrior wIiobo brain In bo-
numbed with sold Inco nud twmolH, lt
will ponjo ah no HiirprlKP. uno Hilng
in Hiiiiirny'H favor Is Hint he Ik blunt,
ho comt'H out wllh what, ho Into'io
Hiiy, ho In no diplomat, Tlio lottor In
f|U('Htlon nwIh;
"AllulBtor's Office, Oltuwn.'oiil.
August 1., ini'J,
"Dear Kir,—f nm in receipt of your
lottor of tho 1st Instant onclonliig a
copy of  roHolutlon  passed nl tho
miiHH meeting of workorB,
"I am vory much Hiirprlwd lint
any body of men could be found In
any rlvllliuwl country 'fo tnl.<) tho
Htiiiid you linvo tnkon In thlH miiiler.
Kullli fully,
(Signed)   8AM HUflHRH."
►.ninny t\. KcjkI, J',sf|„
inU Itii, i,\i(t,,fli, AifH,"
RESOLUTION PA88EO AT A MA88
MEETING, JULY 28, 1012.
Wfl.'.m.A8 a Btrlko of tho workers
nn   Mi/-,   firing   Tninfc   1>.elfin   Dnlln-.■■
Couipiiuy'B construction work In tbe
Rocky Mountains has been calloil nnd
WHKUWA8 n company of Rnlillcm
and a detachment of police nre tout to
protect tho (Tomjmny'B properly and
not to protect tho worker* In tholr endeavor to obtain Batinfactory living
condition*,
TI1HUKKOUK we, working mon In
tho City of Calgary, in the Province of
A!tx._ta. ta matt meeting atieab.c<d,
do hereby protest agalntt the laid
action of tbo autborltlo* In Mndlng
tafd aoldlera and police and demand
the Inataat matt ot then* forc»i,
fred M. Thompson,,formerly managing,
director-.of * the Green: Meehan'" Mine, ■"'.
when it was tho Sainte Marie Com7
pany, has been arrested  at the in-"'
stance of George A. Strieker? one of
the owners of ■ the,, property, charged '
with the theft',of fourteen'-'thousaud .
dollars' worth'of oro, which, it Is al-.
leged was misappropriated   by' hlin
when ho was manager.
PREMIER BORDEN TO MEET
SUFFARGETTE DELEGATION
; LONDON, Aug. 2G.—Prem!er Borden will, receive on Wednesday a'deputation of the Women's Social and
Political Union, Mrs. A., Pankhurst's
organization. A fow dayB ngo ho
pleaded multiplicity of engagements as
preventing him seeing such a deputation, but todny wired an acceptance.
Tho deputation will await him at the
Savoy Hotel, the object bolng to ask,
him wlint steps ho is prepared to tako
in furtherance of female suffrngo In
the Unmlnon.
PRE8IDENT OF LABOR
COUNCIL IS KILLED
ST. CATHERINES, Ont., Aug. 27.-
Edwnrd Day, ngod fi2, president ot tho
Trndo.! and Labor Council was inH'H.it-
ly l.Iilw. Monday n'lglU by nn olov,'c
clmrgo of 2fi00 volts, Ho was walking along Ocorgo Stroot, nenr bis re«
sldenoo when ho oncountorod a wire,
knocked to tho ground by tho storm
which hnd been raging. Mr. Pny nl-
tempted to movo it aside with' IiIb
fool. IIIh alioc. wns wet and ho received tho full forco of tho honvy cur.
rent through bin body and died in-
Htnutly,
LABOR PARTY CUTS
„     ADRIFT FROM ALLIES
Keir  Hardin   Dcclar.t  British  Working Men Will Fight Own Way,
Independent of Liberals
MONTIIMAI.. Aug. 2fl.—neforo lenvlng for Nuv. Yoik Iiiht iiIkM, .1, Keir
llanlio, the ltrltli.li lnbor Imtiler who
arrived here yeKtenlny nlinnnl tho
lloHperlnn, announced flint tiw brcncli
liclweon Uiu Labor iiiuty and (bo Lib-
cm! government In (Ireiil llrltaln wiih
growing wider and wider mul that nt
...U   ,11 At    I i! muit   l |H!   llllK'l«Vllt|(.|lt   un*
\i<ir im-; •p.'.jj.i j.. ;:„;..   ;;..   W(U.
wny, Irn-Hpectlvcly of Lll^/al pmm'lu-
e». This Im nhown by the iitimt>er if
tlireeconmred confemiH thnt nro nl-
tendy lielng nrrnngoil   for   the   m-xt
ORANTED 35,000 PENSIONS 80 FAR
WKLLINOTO.V, New Zealand, Aug.
20.—Returns Usiiod ln rogard to the
ndmlnlBtrntlon of the old ago pensions
act show that .15,000 petition*, amounting In all to Ca.r.r.7.ft0o, hn\> wn
granted since the act came Into operation In 189&. Tho percentage of the
cost or administration work* out at
£,M During the pait year pension*
to tbe amount of £406,000 were granted to 19.000 Curopeana and ««5 Ma-
oris.
a- ll mmm
'Qs
PAGE TWO
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.^—^____._L._____________.__.„—«——I—1«.L—_^_____________.   ' f>-       *   -    - „ \   - 1-1    yV.   r    -.^ - »•  i    v,w'4" .       **■      y."    ?i *".^J "*   "      v    »   ~*"~    •'•' *   **      ^ mZi"> '       \     l\'        ■*- '   -**     »  . »'" v •■    ■   1*     f*' '       \t      y>-
m fi
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackayf£»
THE FERNIE
■*" s
o
LUMBER GO
.  A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
" ____W-    H        H   ' tW^ ■     '' T^P^I   '
You will find relief in Zam-Buk I
It eases the burning, stinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
ease. Perseverance, with Zam-
Buk, means cure: Why not prove
this?   AH Druggist*and Storea.-
ani'Biui^
Toafl"- swiaver spFtgg^
Fernie-Fprt Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The practical methods of> every social,'movement are determined by it's
general philosophy and'aims. •■        *   .'
In the Socialist conception economic
systems'and political 'institutions, are'
not immutable forms. • .They'are. pro-'
ducts of gradual growth and "subject
to incessant change. The present
system, of industry has,not. been consciously planned and devised by cunning capitalist minds. It has evolved
from an older economic order by'a series of imperceptible changes, accumulating steadily and irresistibly through
several  centuries.    iThe^ feudal    re-
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
=Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in, and
see us once
JOHN PODBJELANCJK, Prop.
HOTEL
VENEZIA
______
The New and
Up-to:date Hotel „
Every person likes to be comfortable. We have the latest
design of steam heating apparatus in every room. Our menu
is the best. We guarantee satisfaction. Two blocks from C.
P. R. Depot. Old and new faces
-* welcomed.
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
KING'S  HOTEL
iinv fijipplied with  tho best Wines,
Liquors nnd Cigars '
DINING  ROOM  IN, CONNECTION
W.MILLS, - Prop
Hotel
P.V. WHELAN, Manager.
Rates $2.00 and up
<   Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated. ,
'Phone* In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00,
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner,
Byi Morris Hillquit
ings'offthe'capitalist era a" century, or
wore, back of 'the great .French.1 Revolution.?.-,   '? j ; 4       *"_' 7:;'_;. . ' .-.-- ,?7'," ,.
. It .is no .-difficult to discern the Socialist genus' in present "society.- The
capitalist "order was .'iri Its', inception
based-almost entirely on tlie principles
of individual, effort In? production 7an d
■unrestricted'1 competition "in the .management of industries. .' The individualistic "laissez-faire" .'doctrine which
was proclaimed by the fouriders of the
"classical", school of economics;"'was
but the academic reflection of tlie con?
victi'ons, 'sentiment and, it may be
added, "Interests of the-capitalist class
in Its bloom.-, This doctrine, which'
holds that'all1 industrial needs, and re-
gime, which preceded the modern, or  ,of, ■     „„      ,.    .   ,     -,-     ,.,-   „
capitalist order, had its,economic root   f I^Th  -f °m?t?y *'
In agriculture; and Vas characterized   ^ fie° play °f the forCes ot-m^
by serfdom of labor'and the rule of
the landowning nobles. ■  Slowly and
gradually commerce and manufacture
grew up alongside of the predominant
industry of agriculture.
How the' Capitalist Era Began 7
The discovery of America and of ;a
sea route to the Indies and the introduction apd perfection of the mariner's
compass gave^ a- tremendous Impetus
to navigation and trading, and" trading
stimulated manufacture. '■ The growth
of commerce and' manufacture engendered "a general search i for labor-saving .devices, and led "to the era of
epoch-making industrial inventions. -•
■ ;Tlie 'latter half of the" eighteenth?
century, witnessed the" appearance of-
the first gre'a.t mechanical1 devices in
industry.""~~-" Hargreave's - spinning-jenny, ArkwrlghVs mill, Cartwright's
powerloom, Watts' engine and Whitney's cbtton;-gin were "all invented
within., the, brief period of 1764-1792,
and railways, were in operation within
the first quarter of the last century.'
TJiese inventions, in/turn served to unfold trade and'manufacture in-ever
accelerating 'measure. Factories'were
built aiid lured the ' farm laborers.
Cities we're founded and "attracted the
rural .population.,,; - Merchants and
manufacturers _ ammassed fortunes,
and .with material wealth came social
recognition, and political, power. .? ,.
■ Toward the, beginning-of'the eighteenth? 'century. commerce, and „manu-'
facture-had-grown"to be,serious rivals
to agriculture., The" traders and manufacturers, the^ incipient modern- cap!-,
talistC^en^gtH;i_r"a^oTTtesrfor^lUP"
cal v supremacy' with 7. the landed , no.
,bilityy-Toward the end of the century the 'great social ^conflict1 was
fought" out..' Agriculture receded, to
tlie-background yielding the command
of- the' economic .world-forces ;to manufacture^ commerce and finance.' - "
' Feudalism 'Was' dethroned' bytrium.
pliant; capitalism. Government passed from the lord of the manor tb the
autocrat'of'the factory, shop and count
Ing-room, from the aristocracy of birth
to the aristocracy of the purse.    , •,
' With the' passing of, the old economic regime its political- counterpart,
tho feudal form of .government, was
discarded, and a new political dress,
adjusted to,the strong and growing
limbs and tho free and rapid movements of the new'economic body, was
devised. Tho countless miniature
kingdoms and principalities worocon
The finest of Winei, Llquora
and'Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
Sanatorium at Frank:
Rocky Mountain
SANATORIUM
• at the famous
Sulphur Springs
Every Convenience
Bus at all trains
''t^flBtfyM
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
Hpeolnl trcatinont for othor dUcniHt* of mun; Noroim \\>nk«n_wnr«,
ViirloiiNc Vi'Iiim, llyilruurl*, lllouil nml hkln lllNonlrrx, Hiiti-u UIimth, Klil-
iic), llliKlilt'i' nml licit ill DUorilcrx,   etc,    nml    Uoiilmotrcl   AllnifiiU.
Museum of Anatomy
In UiU firm I Mimeiim Is shown by llfo «|xo model*, monHti'iiiUlnH,
normiil iiii-i Abnormal conillllon* or tlia varlou* parli of lho body, lllu«>
irutliifr fully both np«t« nnd rhronle <IUcit_f« of men.
Free Consultation, and Advice
MV MOTTHl UVICKt !..%»TI.\t1 OUAIIASTKI.il OUHI3II AT MOI.I.U.
ATI: riiHT,
Ktff-tt Mfdlcnl lixninliinlloii IT*r. I'rrr KsumlnnHnn nf Url-i*
whrti mcr»«nrr. 0*t»»rilt M.—I'H-_P« Don*! ■ »«l«yi n«U>» nr*
itrntirrronii. Cull *r wril#. Vt**> Hook. KvrritUU* #«_*fld#tlll»!. Hoiimi
P n.m. (<» H if.ni.i -tiini.ft.'i-t 10 n.m. «o 1 p.m.
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
n agriculture; and Vas characterized   ""    ^ Z- VSr^ 0l'BUP]?Iy
bv serfdom of labor'and the mU of a"d ?****&. wUhout,interference -or
regulation, has gained such Universal
currency that it dominates tte average
mind even1 today. The orthodox lecturer,or text-book writer on" political
economy .is still earnestly ■ discussing
the merits of individual enterprise as
against., collective action and' the adr
vantages 'of competition- over; combination." He stubbornly refuses ■' to
notice 'that the .mute forces, of economic development? unconcerned bjrhis
learned'theories and ab'stra'ctions'have'
nullified the very basis, of his1 argument? and, are, rapidly, destroying- individual, effort" and'competition in industry. It always has .been the privilege of our men of. learning "to.live
o'i the thoughts and' facts 'of past i_;es
y Significant Development-
.' The .modern factories, mines,, railroads and other great" industrial enter^
prises' are .cooperative institution's in
their work and methods of production.
Perfected' macliinerjr and "division ?of
laibor. have'entirely obliterated tlie In-,
dividuality.' of ,the worker's product.
The Individual worker.'in modern up':
to-date industries does not produce.
consumable1,- Commodities or'', render,
usable service. . He'creates particles
and .-performs? fractional operation's,
useless arid.meaningless by.themsel'v-
es,\and acquiring .value .and significance only in conjunction with other
fractional, products'"created-by liis fel-'
low workefs7''< Production lias .developed into a "'distinctly social process;
-^the' collective efforts: of- the .work-"'
ers; sustain' our "modern. industries—
their 'indiyi'duaf efforts standing'alone,
count-^or'notuiiigf—"—■ ■,-, -,'. ^j,' .':■*
And similarly with the principles.of.
competition In the management of Industries. ' Tiie' entire1 trend of modern,
economic development:has,been'away
from competitio'if'and'toward combination. ' The true?,meaning of the great
trust movement of the' last generation is just this simple'fact, that > competition-has become inadequte and incompatible with modern large-scale industry, and must yield to combination.
Probably one half of-our staplo] com-'
modlties are today produced and-marketed'.without competition,-and it, Is
only a question' of a short time, when
combination will become the Absolute rule In Industry,'' ', ' , y
■ It Is not contended tliat factories or
trusts are instalments of 'the' Socialist
commonwealth, Under their present
systom of prlvato    and •. capitalist^
 „._,-... _. , „,«..„„. „„„.,„,, ownorshlp thoy aro anything but thai.
solldatedlnto large nations following- Dut iwI,At tllo Socialists' claim Is 'chat
tho transformation of tho small work- l301'1 f^ctoriefl and trusts/ represent a
-' :■■■■"■         ' aistliict tendency toward ".cooperation
In Industry and dovolop tho materlnl
basis for a Socialist form of' Induatrinl
shops for local trado into big factor
los for tho national mnrkot, Autocratic monarchies were supplanted by
constitutional kingdoms or republics °>"KnnI™tlon
as tho absolute rule of tho feudal lord
in his domain ylolded to the hnslnoss
contract in (ho now economic ordor.
Courts and court cliques wero succeeded by parliaments and chosen representatives, ob tho hereditary noblo
wiib replaced by tho "Bo'lf-mndo" man
of ari'alrs, Tho "will of the Icing,"
tho,basis or tho feudal political brdor,
was displaced by tho controlling, political prlnclplo of "popular liberty," ro-
i'loctliij,' tlio triumph of'froo competition In industry ovor tlio crystallized,
lociillzod forms of feudal ni.rlculturo
nnd lho absolute rulo of lho foudnl
lord over his'manor. '
A New Social Ordor In Embryo
TIiuh lho modorn'or cnpltnllal ordor
of Hocloly, economic, political nnd ho-
clal, evolved Rrnilnnlly within tho loins
of tho foudnl order, und Is In turn
bound to glvo birth to a now noclnl
ordor, Por ovory oconomlo, or social system of socloty Is good only for
a llmltod tlmo. Illstory nsslBiiH a cortnln rblo to jt, nnd when lis part Is
plnyod and Its task performed, tho
nurtnln of tho ai.0B opon upon tho noxt
net In tho eternal drama of human
:i)rourf.HR. Tin. foudnl roglmo in Itn
vory bloom con In lnnd (tie ffonni. of
tho rnpltnllHt system, nnd capitalism
•I    'I   .»',    ,1    i .■■..,,..I...   .,   (.1,1,    ,.i,u  .,.(jj
«r1or flot'ltil fwiinr—fWh.lnri.
Rnplnllmn, n« nn orouomle nnd political prlnc'Dlo, bcKiin to Rrow within
tho vory heart of cniillnllnt fioeloty
RonorntloiiH npo, ami today It ling al-
rriflflV    <l»tlllrlf<ll    Uf   •!    vi...iinrt,Mn   ;,l..r.
Tho Bontlomon who to learnedly and
tndlounly tifisurr! uh of tlio "Impnic-
Meiilililty". or "ImpoHHlblllty" of 8o-
clnllBin tako lho Hiuno onllRlitonod
Rtnnd ns tho fnmlllnr tail at tlio mon«
aBerlos, who, nftor critically ox-
nmlnliiK iho m-ontrlrltluH of form of,
lho Rlrnffo, JudlflouHly announcen,
"Thoro irtn't no nlch nnlmnl," We
nro rtt loant nnltlo-ik-op In Roninllam
already, and It h noi impiobflMo that
tho futuro hlRtorlnn will dntn lho b«j-
ulnnlngs of tho Sociniigt re«Imo, from.
nny, tho middle of tho ln*t century,
Jimt *n we nro now jilnrlnji tho boglnn-
And In tho domain.of modoiu'poll
tics and legislation tho Socialistic ten
doncles havo boon- ever moro pronounced thnn in tho Industrial flold.
Tho modern Industrial stato' enmo
Into oxlstonco 'n_f, a protest against
tho oxcobsIvo contrnllzotion and paternal Ism of lho feudal stato. It. was
organized on tlio principle of non-In-
torforenco with tho'affairs of tho cltl-
zons. It proclaimed tbo doctrlno that
that Blato governs bost „wliich rov-
orns loast, and It tried to novum as
llttlo as posslblo, ,leaving It to tho
cltlzoiiH of all conditions, drob, and
soxos to fight tlmlr.own bnttlos. "Administrative NihlllBin.Vo borrow ,an
oxproBHlon from lluxloy/wns tho rulo
of polities and loRlalntlon JiiBt as "lols-
boz fnlro".waH tho law,of ImluBtry,
Tho 8tnte's Rloht to "Interfere,"
Tlioito coneoptlonB of tho funolibni.
of the stnto and lOKlBlntlon probably
lind some Justification "in tho oarly
plmsoB of our era, whon th^'social
poniniHtH wero not very marked, nnd
tho opportunltleB woro abundant• for
nil men. Uut whon lho unprocodont-
od oconomlo dovolopmont of lho Iftflf
KMioratloiiH fi'nnlly dlvldod tho populn-
tlon of every ndTnncotl country Into
dlBtiiict oconomlo claHBOs; tho' work-
i    '.     >.-...    1-,    «'.w,.i   V    ......    Ml*
pnrtvinllv, nnd tho cnpli'uMnt elnnn,
ownnm of nil national InduntrloB;
whon the BtriiRRlo for oxlatonoo be
enmo nn unequal, eruol war botweon
tlie woak nnd tlio BtronR, llio prlnclplo
nT   llftn-'nlfii'fr.viMi^n  Y,\.  nlnlr.   »n>!  ti,r>lii.
lalton loHt Uh jtiHtlflcntlon. Gradual*
ly mxl Btonilliy tho govornmoiit aa*
Binned the tiiHk of prolocllnK Its holp*
ln«H and dcfoiirolois momborB from
tho opjiroHHiou of tholr powerful nnd
l»'.'oimldcrnt(i follow dim. ' flraduaily
It nl«o boKnn to reallwi that tbo worlt
of provIilhiR food,' clolhlnn, tmoUor
nnd nthor iH^c«nnrlc« for tha population is not individual sport, but a noclnl function. Tho BlAto and tho leg*
Wain..'» have oponly Invadod tho «J««
mnln of "prlvnto" Industry, and thoy
rlrtlm the right to exorciso control flvt,r
W, ...... .
'■When-in 1802" Sir;Robert-Peei: introduced in thefBritish Parliament the
first bill for' the.'regulation of the: labor., of apprenticed" children,'",it was
denounced las^ revolutionary^, and "dire
disasters were ~1*predicted'~'7from ,J'its
adoption. Thevmeasure ,\was -, called
forth-by the-inhuman-conditions in
the English cotton mills to' which thousands of orphaned-arid pauper children
of the most tender "ages/were bound
out by the parishes. - The unfortunate
children were forced.to .work practically' without interruption,, and \yh,ei\'
they would drop from'exhaustion, they
would he carried to' the,crowded- pent-
up "and filthy'barracks adjoining the
mills. There they were-allowed to.
rest until taken to work again pearly'
oh the following morning. They were
growing up under oendi'tions of'physical, mental and moral .degeneracy, a
menace to the future laboring population of England. The Peel Bill provided for some restriction upon' tills
heartless exploitation. - It-was strenuously'opposed by the? liberal states
men of England as an attempted legislative'- invasion' of the' rights of' the
working children.' The measure was
firially passed .under the pretext ^that
It was a. riiere amendment, of the old
Elizabethan-."Apprenticeship Act."But
its^ passage marked' the1 doom of tbe
iridividualistic.'doctrine in politics and
legislation'. / It* established' the pritf?
ciple.oif,state protection for.th'e work-'
ing class.- ."In England the law-of 1802
was..followed first by"the timid amendments of 1819; .1825, and 1833, then by
the' more radical enactments;of the
latter half of the last century. - Start-s
ing,with?the'regulation of apprenticed
children," it - soon, extended. its operation to the. "free" working.children,
then to the working women and finally,
to" all workers.'' From England the'
principle of factory legislation spread
to the United States^ Germany, France
and Switzerland, 'and gradually If es:.
'tablished- itself in all industrial countries. ', y ,- 71 ■■ - t -7 V .
V, More than ^thirty years ago. Prince
Bismarck) Germany's Iron Chancellor,"
proclaimed the duty' of the. state to
take "care f of - its . disabled, sick and'
aged workingmen,' tlie" veteran's and
invalids _'of-the'modern industrial war/
fare. ■ .Germany introduced : the "'system ■ of state insurance for working-
,men against accidents, sickness.,* and
-disabiiity^d^r^id'agrpiiflra^liM"
its'^example"' was 'soon followed, by. al-
most.-all'advaiiLced-countries' of Europe
and-Australia. 7      '-,   -"7   •■.'*•'••.
■ Within the lasrgenerallo'ns;-the'legislatures" of all countries have'.begun
to supervise'Jind.regulate the most,vital''branches'of business: the'slaughter houses and bakeries',, the railroads
and '-steamships,'- banking and Insurance and many,industries of a'similar
character. They prescribo'the conditions upon which these industries may
exist' arid operate, and .tliey interfere
actively-and "directly ln the' management of "their" affairs. ■ The government goes even,further—It undertakes
to limit'the: Individual wealth of Its
citizens by the onactriicnt of laws, for
progressive income,. Inheritance and
othor taxes.    .     '
, \ The' United States is the only cl'viliz-
od country in tho world whlchdoos not
provldo through government channels
for its ogod or disabled workers,, and'
It also has tho distinction of being tlio
only republic oh tho face of the globo,
which calmly allowed flvo Individuals
ito annul Its income-tax system inaugurated by Congress and approved-by
tho pooplo.' But ovon American conservatism, Is'visibly beginning toaur-
ronder to,Uio Irresistible forcos of universal social progross, Almost all
tho.Industrial Btatos of tho Upton aro
introducing or planning nt least, sottio,
oriido fo(rms of .workmoiVs compensation or state progroBslvo Income and
Inhorltanco tnx laws. In othor domains of social legislation tho United
Statos dbos not lnff„mucih' behind tho
countries of ISuropo. Wo havo our
labor laws, Inadequate na thoy aro,
our nntl-comulnatlon nets, Interstate
commorco commission, public sorvlco
commissions and stato control and regulation In numerous industries.
8oolallim Not Automatic
TIiobo political moasuroB nnd Institutions aro 110 moro to bo considered ub nn onrnoBt of tho SoclallBt Btato
than the fnctorlos and tniBt« aro pnr-
tlal ronllzatloim of tho SoclallBt economic sygtom, but llko thorn thoy aro of
Immonno' Bymptomatlo Iroportanea.'
Tho modorn prlnclplo of control nnd
regulation of IndiiBlrlOB by tho gdv-,
ornment IndlcntoB tho eomploto col-
lapBO of tho pnr.oly pnpltnllBt Idonl of
non-In torforenco, and BlgnlflOB thaj tho
prix'nfnwnflt   W>>'   <Mlt.,if*.> 'V,._...,    n,,    1."
•"   **.-       «.w...     ....      ...
utrumpiit ot flnai. rulo nnd oypiolintloTi
Into ono of Boclnl reptulatlon nnd pro-
toctlon, Llko tho InduatrlOR, (ho govornmont Ib becoming socialized. 1TI16
gonoral tonddncy of both Is distinctly
tnwnrrt n RnMnllnt nrrtor
, Tills Socialist conception of Industrial and political evolution has been
variously, ohhractorlsiod bygicrltlea of
tho movomont as "J'hllosop'hy of Pa-
tallBtti" or nB "Polltlcnl Calvinism."
ThO-itilBtako umlnrlylng this criticism
In the notion Hint rho Boclallsta expect tho final realization of their bo-
clol Idonl to como nbout automatically
through tho linconBcloui working* of
tho Inherent forces of^oclal develop-
ment. A* a mutter of fact, tho Social,
[sis aro very far from harboring any
tucb absurd illusion. Thoy hold that
TiOjBjBtom <rtn he radically rhatigod
until .It^isjripe; for'the, tranBfprination,.
and they, ssasidertbe degree":of-development \1i"every,-c6uritry^of prime .importance .in7determiniiig;Twhether?^ it
offers fertil* ground1 for the1 smccess'of
Socialism.- But .they.'realize that the
•mere"-maturity of, a"'c'otintry:" for the
Socialist "regime 5, jjill -,not. produce, So-,
cialism without|-'conscious- planned
arid deliberate" action dn'-ttie-part-'ot
such portion of the people as have the
power-and sagacity to-accomplishHhe
concrete^ task. sof ■, the: socialization of
the industriesj ajid'the reorganization'
of dur-government tc that .end. , ,If-
we attempt to grow oranges-we ;mu3t
first make.;sure"that^we-have selected
the proper soil'and climate,; but;^lie
soil and climate^ will not produce oranges, unless w;e'Sow- the, seed ■ and
tend, care 'for and aid the. plant diir-
ing all stages of its growth:.', "Or to
take an historic,iilustratiori. 'The-ruling classes of today, the; capitalists,
could, not and did not "gain, political
supremacy' until, they . had .' attained
economic ascendency, but when", that
point was reached their-actual poli-.
tical victories wero^brought about by
tlie propaganda- of- their 'writers and
the English Rationalists, Utilitarians,
speakers, the French Encyclopedists
etc., by tlie -work of their leaders and
statesmen, and above all .by the organizations 'of their class - arid its
supporters.    •-„'     y     _ 1
-   Political Majority Necessary y
.- .The introduction'of.the Socialist re-
gimo;depends on-two niain condition's.'
"First:', The economic conditions of
the ' country; must, be ripe' for .the
change.y ?,.'_      ■    ■' 7
Second^ The people" of the.country
must be ready for' it.? 7y ■- ''•'•''
,' The first condition1,, ta!kes care; of
Itself. . The, task -bt the Socialist movement-is to bring'about the second con-'
dltion, and :lt,. Is this aim•<which 'de-.
terintries1 thje'm'ethods^and.the practical, program *6f the" movement?       '  ,
/Whether the' Socialist order Js" to
be ushered in .by a"srevolutionary de-'
cree, or by-a,series of .legislature enactments or. executive proclamations,
if can be established and maintained
only by the people In. control of'the
country.     In other?words,' Socialism';-
tlieliilclft
■"*
■Hi
.- :*r.
y
S  "'. By"' Hec^br-,Macph'efson - y. ^''"' "'^' •
.-Some" time7agd;';in:,this.(colrimfi' l\.f y
dealt,"'with"7thenproblem -pf/the^idle* ^
rich;"- andf. from ? a-'"remarkable"-boo!., ■-*
^Wealth and!fWant,',,7j:' quoted- startiy.,
lng evi'dWce.of'tb.e'sh'a_riefure'Xtrava': *[,■
gance ■ tbat ? characterizes"'the, - lives "of'." -
the 7 luxurious 'worshippers 7 at'-1 the 7 •>
_        ,' ^ ,      ,-_.*-. -^  i-     "       \J-    *   ',-     -"2'    -
shriri'e qf senseless,pleasure.> *.to-the ty
United States/where""everytiiing is'on ■ ?
a large'scale", the "cult1 of extravagnce  j
has'as'sumed-astonishing;proportions, ''•
as may be seen from a book, which has -
come into, my hands, entitled ,"Tho - :
Passing of the Idle Rich."  The writer,' ;
who, claims to be a member of the  '■
wealthy class, alarmed- at- the widespread, extravagance'in American, so-• •
ciety, -warns-tlie "set""' among - whlch^
hev moves of the near approach of a -"'
day pf reckoning.'   Thatr his note of'
alarfn ls not misplaced ls evident from "
the  instance's j'of  wild  extravagance 7 *
which he gives—Instances((which-, as-'.
siiredly beat the. record.   Here are a '
few samples? , A young millionaire, at-;' •
tracted'bythe charms of a^budding
actress, lavishes' lri-' senseless   profu-   .'
sion gifts gorgeous and dazzling," He
gave her rings, necklaces; and diamond" .
studded con_bsllfor her black. tresses, ..
until shQ'glistened from head'to foot.   ..
The-very buttons of her gloves were   -
diairidnds, and her shoes were fasten-   "
ed .-with - monster- pearls.   ■ In. three .,
years he sperit-bn her aJ,mlllion dol-1
lars../'   " • "1 ■'   •     yr   ' ->-'■   ■
1 -'  , 1, ' -     -'»       *•
^y   .   ,   Brainless Folly
■ Take another,display'. of* brainless'
folly.    At the conclusion of an "ela-?
brate banquet in-New York City the,
cigarettes were handed-round.. When  .
each cigarette was unrolled   it?,was '
found, to be wrapped, not in the us~^
ual white paper,«but in $100 bills, with'
the -initials'* of the' host - engraved in
gold letters.- > In a,nother case the wife
of a millionaire wears a necklace that'
cost more"than $600.000.'.'■ "The infant,
/lH
-M
y i
Hkeany .ther nrtlbnal.pollUcil W ,™ ",' '"S '"<,r6d m" reposea. ''"'
gram, can be redltod only- ink It, lns h'8 tender, rear-in a cradle tint
adherents,' sympathizers arid<supporters are numerous'enough to wrest the
machinery of govej-nment. from-their,
opponents, and to use; it for. the realization of their'program.- .;T£'e,-puly
previous time in .the history of the
United-States, that the country could
boast,of a political,party with a social program,-, was when'the .Republican Party was first organized for" the
abolition'of slavery,'and that prograiri
was-not realized until the'tiafty was
s.tr_ong7enough7tQ_wi_iLa_riatiQnaLfilpp-.-
The Civil War'.did'not* alter
It "simply meant
tion
this cardinal- fact,'
that'the* minority-was not ready': to'
give up a fight, but "if, the abollticmistS'
had not been in control of the'Govern-
ment there would obviously have been"
no provocation for'tlie-fight and no
chance for'the victory. ,S        -'  ', „
Experience has demonstrated ' that
as soon as'the Socialist Party develops
menacing' political strength, ■ all hon-
Socialist parties'combine against it.
Milwaukee is not the only illustraton
of this' tendency.     ,''.';
The sama-practlco'has been followed Jn nil countries of Europe ln which
the Socialist movement ls an Important political factor, and' will in tlmo
unodubtedly become tho«acecpted rulo
in.the Unltod States. ■' '"'
• To bo victorious tho Socialists .will,
therefore, In all likelihood require an
absolute majority, of tho voters and
tho population. ' ..Not, necosBarily an
absolute majority of trained Socialist
thinkors and workers, but a-majority
of persons gonorally roady ,to' cast
their fortunes with the Socialist movement. ■ , ■ -
■ Tho first task of tho Socialist movement Ib thus to Inoroaso tho number
of Socialista, to convert tho pooplo to
tho Soclnllst crood. Soolalism is
primarily, a movomont of education
and' propaganda., Tho Socialist propaganda doos not originate from a
moro doslro to'spread tho truth—for
tho bonoflt"of tho uncoiivortod/as tho
Christian propaganda Ib Inspired by
a general ethical zeal to Rave tho souls
of tho h'oathon. Tho Socialist propaganda Is tho very Ilfo-norvo of tho
movomont. Upon' rts suocobs or fall-
uro dopondfl tlio destiny of Socialism.
Tho educational, nnd propagandist nc-
llvltloB.doinlt.nto all othor forms of
organized Socialist work, and nono hut
tlio closoflt obsorvorB'oon npproclato
tho gignntlo iiQcompltshmonlH of tlio
movemont In thlB Hold.
Preparing the People
nocontly tlio Natlonnl CnmpalBii
Commlttoo of tho, Socialist Party do-
tormlnod to print and circulate twonty
five millions of pamphlptB during tho
coming ProBldentlnl cnmpalgn. Tlio
pamphlets aro to consist of sixteen
pagos and nro to donl with all of tho
most vital and timely moclnl problomH
from a Socialist point of vlow. It Is
snfo to .BBsnmo tlmt tbo numerous
state and iocal.organlcatlonB ot the
i/ittly 11JJJ ul Um u-iiuti iliui) mini una'
dlDtrlbute at Ipast au oijual number of
pamphlet* or leaf lots, and thus'no less
than fifty million pieces of Socialist
lltcrnturo will bo glvon to .tho pooplo
ui im* U-UitU.' .0 tuaii .um hiuuy 'Wlt'ti-
•In tho next three months. Dut tho
Soclnllst propngnnda Is by no meant
llmltod to campaigns. Tho dissemination of Soclnllst lltcrnturo goes on
steadily nnd Byalomntlcally, (hough on
n Rmnllor Bralo, <iv«ry dny of fho y^nr,
ond lt la not confined to pamphlotoor-
tnjy Tho fl«olnlh.t Party In thin country Is Biipported by moro than thrco
hundred regular periodical publications; dally and wookly nowsprtpem
and monthly mngazlnef. Most of them
aro In EitRllnh, Xyat n great many are
C.ontlnuod on page thr«».
was valuedat $10,000, and a retinue bf
seryants was formed for-the sole benefit of the,infant. " This corps of re;
tairiers consisted of four nurse ladies,-
four high-priced, physicians, who exam- :
ined' the,child' four times a day,and.
posted serious bulletins for the "information-of .the" clamant press and pub-' -
nc.'.' -, ',, ; y,   ■■•/*•   '"' -7"' ."'r"
? .The young son of,another,millionaire*?
had a.staff of personal attendants; con- 7
sisting of, two able cooks, six grooms; -
three-coachmen, two,,valets, and one
"governess. '..     -■ ' : ■y~t~-'   ™-"y    tyy^
,.Thes,insaii"e7de3lre ,ior extravagant,'
display characteristic of the Idle .rich '
in America is-vividly depicted by,the
author of the book .as follows::   ,'A'
man of common name, but .uncommon
wealth, decided to have a home Iri New'
York City..' ,,He purchased the palace *
of a friend who had died, and paid .for ■
it $2,000,000, which was popularly,sup-'
posed'to be one-half the original .cost
bf the pile.). On his garden, to make,'
space for which ho tore down a build-'
ing that had' cost/ $100,000, the ,now -
owner spent $500,000. ,' HJb bedstead
Ib of • carved" ivory-s and" ebony ■ inlaid
with gold.     It'cost $200,000.',.-The',,
.walls tire richly carved and decorated
with enamel arid gold; thoy cost $65,-
000. .  On tho colling the- happy mil-,
llonalro. expended $20,000 In carvings';1
enamels,, and gold; and ten pairs of
filmy curtains, costing $2,000 n palr,(>
wave In tho morning breeze,     The
wardrobe' lh thtd famous bedroom represents anoutlay of   $150,000,   and
tho droBBlng table $05,000.    Tho'wash-
Btand cost $38,000, and tho bod Jiang-
IngB $50 a yard.',   Tho'chlmne" ploco
and overhanging mantel throw Into .
Bon'ornl circulation' $8,000 more, "nnd
cho doors consumed anothor $10,000."'
Wq aro told'ot a $75,000   feast   at
which monkeys,   sat    hotwoon    tho.
guoBtB,' and ducks awam about in pools
contnlnod ln Ivory fountains.   Au on-*
tiro threntrlcnl ' compnny   journeyed
from New York to ontortnln a cdnV
V>nny In which thoro wns drunkonnoss
without convlvlnllty.
What the Pie Contnlned
I liavo only spneo for onfi moro
specimen of tho rlotouB dlBBlpatlbnB of
tho- American Idlo rich, nnmoly, tho
account of a banquet given by a wealthy mnn whose Ingenuity was taxed
to roliovo the monotony of an Idle ox-
1st once A monster uio wna onrrlrd'
beforo tho ostoiindod dlnorB' upon lho
BhoulderB of four nervantB. Tho top
crust wns out open, A slip- of a girl
bounded to hpr foot^ a Broro of birds
woro released nt tho samo moment. In
tho face of all this, can wo wonder ut
(ho unrest of, today? Is It posslblo
that tho great tolling mnBsofl can look
on with complacency at the awful
waste of wonlth' nnd the moro nwful
dobniicliery which go on ln the upper
clroloB? Aro tlio toilers to bb'blUmod
for harboring hnrBh thoughts whon
l..-./ *.(._! t .in.**. Yilio iK'niioi kjiI nor
I'pln ronrutfilnjs in i'l'ji.'-cJi'iJ ;j;jj] oiU-u
dlBgufltlng iilensiiroa the monoy wrung'
from the labors of thoso who do the
tolling and spinning? Tho handwriting Is on tho wall.    Nnturo will ho
Industrial hlvo, , In tho prosont Btato
of American society I10W painfully appropriate are. tho words of Abrahnm
Lincoln: "Tho habltB of our whole
bpocIcb fall into throo groat vIobbob—
userul labor, u'boIpbb fnhor nnd Idle-
nosB. Of those, the first only Ib meritorious, and to It all tho prodiiets of
labor rightfully belong; but thd two
Utter, while they exist, nre heavy pensioners upon the first, robbing It of a
largo portion of Its |u»t rights. The
only remedy for this Is to. so fftr as
poHlblo, drive useless labor and Idleness out t»f exIstwce/'-neynolds'.
,r ;0..'-',V->_ «■"*
J! . ..    -..I^r
■ -TA
■(*S*V i -
-*-"*
"7- It
\;:K*
^^THE/DISTRIpT^.LEpaER, FERNIE^ B.C.-AUGUST 31, 1912.
PAGE THREE
''C? . -!_':' y--', :t?rffie.-Quality Stoi^^^ *■.>"{^"^'£/
* 7^0*^%^ ?- V>
y ;     CLOTHING, BOOTS/ANDiSHOESr   ■.,7.
* V--J';'." / 'X-y':-;-'•-y^ '-'' • ■ clyiy,
■7-yyy ,y^70U^!M0TT0>-;"'7 — V'-vry ,(
"\-y---y ryyy y^'iys-    -.■,-.;  ,.-   ,. ,„   -. , »■ .". ."-v.. .y.
yThe.rigKt goods. 7* The right treatment.    -The right; .>
S-.yy' "?•■■ yv; ■■ ."prices, each arid every time. ' •" • ""V. -* X'X.f
-v'.'' " '' ■ 1: 7  .   -"•-.'.'.■;- \ v'-. v'-■-'•-    '   "•'     '" •    ?\   ,r;»
7.yPincheir.,Cre^ from the 'nearest"- -
.; ':"■X - "~r','creariiQryi.is. always" fresh and" of the<?' . ■ yv*s,
V - ■■>-:.*:l y ~y^I&EST. QUALITY. - v-,i;?',"" -7S 'yv
.General Dealers
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes
T-Men's Furnishings! ..
* , Groceries,' Fruits aiid
y      Provisions
Belleviie,, Altk.
ix<;
Grocer
Red Eeatfep. ^Tartan Canned Goods
>#.' -
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
PHone 103; .      • ?    ;    Frank,?4lta.;
A- P; LIpHARDT
JEWELER And optician
FERNIE,   B.C.
WHY
were the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
,    at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to s
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
THE 41   MARKET  QO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager , PHONE 41
BANK OF HAMILTON
llttd OfflM
HAMILTON
Capital Paid Up 7', 9 2,R70,ooo
Reserve and Undivided Profits.  9,600,000
Total Assets.,.,,' ,  44,000,000
Just' na a succoaofiil merchant ranl.es ovory
effort to' glvo his customora courteous, offl-
dont attention, no do tlio officers of Uio Dank
of Hamilton ondonvor to rondor to depositors
ovory sorvlso connlelont with consorvatlvo
banking practlco,
No deposit Ib too omnll to nssuro Uio depositor conaldornlo trontmont—tlio savings
accounts of Uioro In modornto circumstances
nro welcomed with courtesy, and with <_!_•
bouco of unduo formality which male os hank*
Ing n convenience and a pleasure.
« J. VL. Sloan, Affcttt
H jrpM MINI wm m__ i| 0
IV dlH I* HOY
X07y6&
ofSocalii
Continued from page >two-
_? rinted' in foreign\languages':'" '-Almost every, language* spoken?.„in\this
country,.about thirty in.all;",1s.r'epre-.
sente'd in the Socialist, preys'. \ Some
of'these publications, count'.their circulation by hundreds of- thousands,
and all of them are • primarily; given
to propaganda. Unlike the ordinary
press, .their political' creed, is not a
mere Jncident to them—it is the entire
object and reason for their exlstence.-
They are published to .preachy-Socialism,, every other consideration,Is sub?
ordinated to that purpose?. y 7
And side by side, with the .propaganda , of the. printed world '.goes' the
equally effective oral propaganda. The
Socialist Party. haB 150.000 dues-paying members, and almost every one, of
these is an ardent propagandist. Jf
he-is not blessed with the gift of public
oratory, he talks Socialism 7 at' his
home, in .his shop,- in his union? in his
club or, saloon. Thousands of meetings are held every year, In all .'parts,
of the country—public, demonstrations,
campaign meetings,'debates or. lectures, and. all of them, deal with the one
paramount topic—Socialism.' •"• Last
winter the National Executive * Com-
mittee,of the Socialist Party .established a "Socialist Lecture''Lyceum Bureau," and more than two,thousand
lectures-were, delivered under its aus.
pices, during tlie .initial season of that
institution.' " For the "coming year it is
planned to, treble the number of such
lectures. . \ -r, .«.■ ', •
v'And with all,that it must-be borne
in mind that'the Socialist movement
is,only beginning to-gain a foothold "in
this country. Its educational ,and propaganda, work is tame compared with
the accomplishment of, the older .and'
stronger'Socialist' movements in the
countries of Europe? ^The: work of
Socialist education all over the' world
is. .probably. the' most -active Intellectual', factor operating in/modern society,   y      ''-.■■:•-.
The Socialists do not address, themselves to .an .Indiscriminate audience.
They realize that their program does
not appeal'-.with equal force to all
classes'of the people. .Socialism'aims
at the destruction of. all economic
privileges' and- all class rule.. The Socialists contend that the" realization of
their program 'will'.ultimately benefit
the entire human race.'tiut they frankly recognize that- its- immediate effects will ie damaging to the.beneficiaries bf the present order and advantageous to its victims. In other words,
Socialism necessarily, involves an .immediate material loss to the capitalist
classes-f-and a'corresponding gain to
&  MaNGAi*
i
Lumber for all
Purposes
horo at any tlmo and In any
qunnlty. You cannot swamp
us with a largo order, or give
us so small a ono that wo will
not attend to it.
them: are doardq, deamg
JOISTS, 8HINQLE8. Etc
for uuy Uud uf ImlMtug you
i   may bo at work upon. Havo
us Mod you what yon want
whon you want It
ornetjwi-i vard. MeiwaNaoM aviw OFF.au. oifot, rtimiK
"the^^orlclng'classes. 7 'The^ocialists7
^therefore, make their appeal-primarily
to the workers.'. .They "do not disdain the support of- men. and;women
from .the more privileged classes. A
rather consldcarble proportion? of.So;
clalist workers .has always been re-,
.crulted from tlio ranks of non-workers.
But'numerous as these cases may be,
they aire"still exceptions to'the'rule.'
An individual may beguldcd by purely ethical motives and rise above ills
material advantages, but economic
classes as such are always riioved hy
their material Interests. - Tho capitalist revolution was organized' and
led Iby'^the capitalists,.' although a
number of nobles, Inspired by the new
spirit of "liberty • and. democracy,"
made common cause with the enemies'
of their own class.  .7
Nor nre,.the Soclnllst activities confined'to the work of propaganda. Mod-
em Socialists do not expect tho Socialist order, to bo Introduced by orio
sudden'and grout political cataclysm,
nor do they expect it to be established by a rrubblo mado dospornto by
misery nnd starvation. , Tho Socialists expect that tho cooperative commonwealth'will bo painfully built by
an Intelligent and disciplined working
clnBS, thoroughly orgnnlzod. well trained nnd fnlly qunllflod to nsmimo ,ho
re'rs ot government and tho manano-
n>ont of the Industries. Next to tlio
oiiucntlon of lho workers In tho philosophy of Socialism tho prime tnftlc of
tho SoclallBt movement la. therefor*!,
tl .oil political and economic organi. .•
tlon.
aoolallst Politics
The Socialist niovomon. of cadi
country prosonts itself primarily as
political party, Uio party of the working cIush. Llko all othor' political
parties tho SoclallBt Party nominates
candidates nnd .strives to win elections'and to pass loKlslatlvo measures
but unllko other parties It attributes
but slight Importance to such temporary political vlctorlos.
Tho deeper objects of Socialist politics aro! (1) To mako propaganda
for the cause of Socialism, for which
political campaigns niw'nys offer fu-
vomblo opportunities. , (2) To famll-
liirlzo the workors with tlio concroto
political problems of Uio country and
to educate thorn In practical politics,
(3) To gain representation In the log-
Ulnti.rnn nM Iti TnunMnil nrtwlnWri.
tions In ordor to Recurr. true reforms
for tho workers, to train thorn In tlio
art ot sntesmanship nnd to nfford
thomijlargor opportunities , for propaganda. (4) To wean tho workers
from th« lnflvifflnc« of lh<» old i.nrH.»».
to develop tholr political Independence
nnd class consciousness and to organ-
Iso thorn for tlio final practical task
of tho Socialist movement—tho conquest of the govomment by tho workors. This vlow account* for tho wem»
ta'K peculiarities of Socialist politic.
the Insistence of djjo Socialist Party n
m>».u_iU..g full ticket* even when its
Insistence of th« Socialist Party In
nomnatln* full tickets «ven when Its
candldatot have not tho remotest
chance of election, and Its obstinate
refusal to combine with any other
party, for any purpose?/   For the ultimate aim of Socialism the clearness,'
integrity and purity tot,, the movement;
mean more than.'office^.or temporary-
political success.   ?      - .? j'; - -
H^t- -v.   "*    1
'< In the Socialist conception politics
is only a means to.an end. Temporary
and'local political power'is valuable,
mainly as affording an'.opportunity' for
economic reform, and,the final national political victory of the workers will
be f vital importance only as a necessary system of collective' and 'coop-,
erative* industries?, A general" political victory ot ihe workors would be
barren of results if, the workers were
not at the same time prepared to'take
over the management of the industries ThehSociaUsts, therefore, seek
to train the workers in economic no
less than in political self-government..
A-Movement .of Labor ,
-. It' is' for that reason* that the movement everywhere seeks alliance with,
the" economic organizations of'labor,
tho trade-unions and the cooperative'
societies. The trade-unions are an efficient instrument'for the organization
of the productive .forces ot Industry,
the cooperative movement trains die
workers in- the independent, collective
management of "industrial processes.
The Socialist activities In the economic organizations,of laDor are not
mere meddling or political flirtation.
They aro an' organic .part oi the practical work of the Socialist Party. Socialism, trade;un.ionism and the co-operative movement are but, different
phases of the general -modern labor movement,-^.'within their respective, spheres all'of'.them, consciously
or unconsciously; make for the same
goal, and.each of them gains strength
and,, efficacy, from the support of the
other.. . '',''•'•        '      .
The struggles" ot labor'have, besides
another deep, social' significance for
the-' Socialists.. Every material;improvement in the-workers' life,"tends
to, raise thei/iritellectual level, and tot
develop their ability to organize and
fight for a social ideal. The Socialists
movement recruits its adherents mostly from-'among the. better * situated,
better trained and more intelligent
workers. The ' unfortunate "slum
proletarians," whose energies;, hopes
and ambitionsrhave"'been crushed out
by misery and destitution, caii only
rarely ber relied on to rally to the
viril battle cry of Socialism.
The main pointB in the Socialist program of practical' 'work may thus be
summarized under the three heads of
Education, Organization and' Struggle
for the Material .Improvement of the
Working- Class?' - - ,
Within/the last few years there'has
developed in the' United States a
group of persons who'advocate the ad-,
dition of certain'alleged new and "more
direct and effective weapons. toj'*he
arsenal -..of, the Socialist warfare.. The
general "strike and resort to drastic
and'violent methods iri labor, struggles
are the favorite measures thus advocated. "They go by the somewhat
vague designation'of- "direct. action,"
"sabotage,", etc., and their advocates
style, themselves - "syndicalists"' or
"direct actlonlsts." They are small
In number,.but exceedingly active, and
the sensational press of- the country"
Is. just now giving them .'a generous
amount of benevolent attention.
The movement is Hot.serious .and
will not, change the character of American, Socialism. ' It is an expression
of Impatience and* despair, which ls
quite natural, though .not Justifiable,
in the porlod of youth and weakness of
the' Socialist movemont. ■ When 'Socialism ^growB strong-and enters upon
a career ot truo struggles ■ and accomplishments, the syndicalist vagaries
are .bound to disappear, -t Iri Germany
Austria, Belgium nnd the Scandinavian countries syndicalism Ib an nlmost
unknown quantity, but It flourishes In
tho countries ln which tho SoclallBt
movement is loss organized nnd stablo.
Italy and Prance. In fact, American
syndicalism has been bodily Imported
from Franco with its entire undigested nnd untranslated terminology,
Guerrilla methods of warfare, chlca-
nory ond vlolonco have no legitimate
■plnco ln tho methods of modorn Socialism, Thoy aro nt variance with
thc most' fundamental conceptions of
tho movomont.
Tho objectlvo point of tho Soclnllst
attack Ib thc capitalist system, not the
indlvldal capitalist. Tlio struggles
of the movomont'roprosont'tho orgnnlzod efforts of tho entire working class
not thb daring of tho individual loader or horo. Tho Intcllcctuul lovel
nnd political ripeness, of tho working
class nro dotonnlned hy tho training
of tho mon nnd women constituting
that class, and not hy the moro advanced visions of a small group wtuilu
lt. " A country cnn bo educated, led
riihl transformed Into Socialism, hut
ll van not bo driven, terrorized or
hulldozod Into It. The Socialist conception of tho world process Is evolutionary, not cataclysmic.
This ftccepttid position of tho modem Socialist movement Is, however,
not to bo taken as an assurance or
jwoiHMIon ttiift tlm OnMnMnt vIMiw
will In nil rnsp.n rome about, bv ordnrlv '
nnd peaceful mothods, nnd will not bo'
accompanied by violence, It may
well hnppen thnt tlio classes In power
horo or thoro will roftiBo to yield tho
ront ml nf t.tui* (lovimn.«>nt to t.ip
working class oven after a legltimnta
political victory. In thnt case a violent conflict would nocessarlly result
as It did under somowhnt similar circumstances In 1861. Rut such spectacular and sanguinary outbreaks, which
KorixitlmPH accompany ml leal i-rono-
mle and political changes, aro purely
Incidental—they do not make the social transformation. Thus In England the revolution, which Irinsforrvl
tho actual control of tlia country from
tho nobility to tho capitalists, was
accomplished by gradual and peaceful
stages, without violence or bloodshed.
In France the same process culminated in the ferocious fight of. the Great
Revolution of'l789. But wiio will say
that the transition in England was less
thorough and radical than in Franqe?
As'a matter of fact, street fights do
not make a social revolution any more
than fire crackers-make the Fourth of
July.'.       "-."•"      '
; 7 An Illustration' ; --
- It; is sometimes helpful to elucidate
an abstract principle by a^ concrete
and- simple- example. The manner in
which ■ the present order is changed
into Socialism may be' illustrated by
tie fanMliar process of chicken hatching. -.    '   :     •
A normal hen's egg - will be - converted into a live chicken if kept
twenty-one days'Jn a temperature ot
9S'/b degrees. _.      -,'
_. Now observe some of the most striking phases of the process."
An egg is entirely and radically different from a chicken, in form and
substance. Under,,ordinary ' ci'cum-
stances it can bo readily determined
whether an object Is the one or'tlio
other. But after the egg'has passed
a few days in the iife-p/oducing temperature radiating from the hatching
hen, its identity is no longer,, so clear.
The embryo of the ch'cken'may be
discerned in the contents of the egg.
And.' every "day thereafter the,v-substance of the egg continues changing'
•-^every day it becomes a little last,
egg and a little "mors chicken, unii.
on the last day nothing is left of the
egg but the form, the substance" inside is a live, complete and fully organized chicken. ^Similarly the feudal order of' society is quite distinct
from the capitalist order. Europe
of- the fifteenth century presents a
system of*unalloyed feudalism; Europe bf the end of'the elghteenth7cen-
tury is" just as unmistakably capitalistic, but Europe of the seventeenth century is like the egg in the early periods
of hatching—it. represents^a feudal
form of-, government with a decided
capitalist embryo inside of it. And
so likewise the capitalist egg has been
set to''hatching generations ago, and
today, it contains, a l.oticeable Social'
ist embryo:' notwithstanding the deceiving-appearance of the egg shell.
Further: ■' during the entire process
of'incubation the shell of the egg has
remained intact. Every drop of its
fluid contents has been changed into
flesh, bones and feathers, but the shell
has not ibeen absorbed or modified" by
the process it ^ has obstinately persisted in holding within its grip the
new substance instead of the old. Now
for.a loose and liquid egg, a hard
shell is a very "convenient cover,   but
THE SURVIVAL
? THE FITTEST
OF
yy *.-%?..
it "becomes' rather - a nuisance'• to "a
young,.enthusiastic chick.- As soon,as
Jn commenting on the recent report
of a merger of coal mines in the, central Illinois field, the Gillespie, 111.,
News expresses the belief'that placing
these coal mines urider the control d.
a single company "will be one of tho
greatest blows- to the coal mining
towns that could'.ever happen,'; and
adds: "It will mean "the closing down
of all the mines'where the production
is at all expensive, It will be the survival of the fittest., 'The mines'with
the cheapest production'will be operated, and those of the expensive production will bo closed down. ,.; . It is
only history repeating itself. It is
the survival of the fittest... . . The
smali operator will soon be a thing of
the past; the men who have depended
for years upon the^'mlnlng industry for
a living will be compelled to seek other
occupations."
This is undoubtedly in part true, and
yet we can not see that it means any
thing except that unfavorable legislation has 'forced the situation on the
coal mining industry. The warning
has been sounded and re-sounded that
unless legislation allowing a reasonable control of j prices for coal- were
granted the inevitable result would
be tb throw the mines of the country
into the hands of corporations which
could by reason, of large ownership
operate at a minimum of cost. The
elimination of many non-paying mines
would'naturally follow, necessity, compelling the abandonment '"of" mines
which could not, by reason of situation
and'conditions compete in the markets
with-other mines .having greater advantages. It will come eventually to
a choice between, consolidation "and,
the alternative of bankruptcy in many
cases. Unrestrained competition iri
the coal producing industry is not a
good thing for the industry, and is not
In the long run a good thing for people
who buy coal. •
, The? wastefulness and the unprofit-
abeness of unrestrained competition
have been pointed out. Thev i were
clearly pointedout- fo, the. committee
of tho United States* Senate in the
spring by men prominent in the bituminous coal, industry and who knew
what the present tendency means.' The
secretary, of the"American Mining Congress, and operators from the largest
bituminous fields there gave' expression to whatth'ey had said before, and
indicate the only remedy. that- could
at all_aff_ect_the situation.    An iridus-
because of the consolidations so much
as because of natural- disadvantages ,
which the larger companies can avoid
by the cessation of operation of ua- •
profitable properties.  '.'  "       '    *" ■ .-
Where there is too i__ucl_ of a'thing -
being'produced, especially „ of ' Bome7
thing that cannot be used beyond a
certain limit, the self-apparent remedy
is to produce only so much of it as can ,
be used with profit.. Thus', when there *
are twice as many or three times as
many coal mines trying to run as are
needed, and only so much coal can be ■
used, the best thing that can happen^
for the "ultimate good of tjie coal In- ■
dustry and for tho ultimate good of ..
the coal consumer, is to cease the operation     of     as   riiany   mines   as
possible., If the only  way to cease ■
useless operation   is   for a> few largo
companies to acquire the mines   and
operate just as many as will supply
what coal is needed, then by all means
let the large companies be formed. >
• It    is    an  ' era    of    big    business     anyway,    and     the   coal   in-*
dustry, apparently has to get ln line
or go into bankruptcy.     Many of the _
mines in Illinois should never have
been opened, and never would,have
been opened but for the senseless try
of "coal barons" and the "diligent fostering of the foolish idea that a coal
mine was .the one sure road to million-
airedom.    The mad rush to open new
coal mines" following the great anthracite strike was the beginning of much-,
of the present evil.
The News is 'right when It says the
result will be the survival of the fittest. , It always is and always will be
the ultimate result., -None but will
regret any misfortune to any town
or to any number of workers in the
mines; every road to progress is paved
with misfortune to some. ' In the coal
business, .as in every other large business, the good of the greatest number
is,the point to be kept in mind.
Whether the reported merger referred' to will affect any coal mining towns ",
or whether there has been any such
merger In fact,- we are not - officially '
informed.     No one doubts' that-such^
mergers are bound to come, and that'
they will  come, without much rriore\
waiting on legislation that should have
been enacted long ago.
\ t'     ■»
'/
By his work-in the anthracite field
President John P. White has seemlng-
Jy^aMompIij_hecLJ\Ji_a______ias_Jong___a___e___,
the latter develops sufficient strength
and'sense*,'it .list cracks the old shell
fromHhe -inside? ' -The shell breaks
into „a number of" fragments ,,with
great noise, the rebellious chick jumps
out, and ■ to the' superficial observer
this act "appears to be the revolution
which has converted thc egg"into the
chicken. As a matter of fact, however, the actual revolution has' taken
place in the gradual growth of tho
chicken embryo al the expense of the
egg-substance. The breaking of tho
shell was but a manifestation of the
accomplishment of tho more signlfi-
cant process inside, Had the shell
boon soft and-^ yielding, It would.'not
even luivo to bo forcibly cracked. Tho
street fights, barricades and armed
conflicts whlcli occasionally accompany a social revolution nre tho cracking of tho superficial political shell—
lho revolutions themselves aro Blowly
accomplished within the 'industrial
substance of socloty.
Tho breaking of tho sholl becomes a
useful and,liberating act only whon
the chicken Is fully developed within
lt. When that paint Is reached, the
chicken itself tnkeH enro of the shell.
Tho hon has nothing to do with that
pnrt of tho performance. It ih hor
business to sit on lho egg tho full
period of tlmo required for hatching,
lo supply tho piupor hont and not to
shirk her task for, any porlod of tlmo.
Should .tho hen bocomo Impatient or
get Into her feathery head a syndicalist notion to "hnmon tho process," and
should she attempt to break tho shell
boforo tho time, sho will only destroy
tho embryonic life of tho chicken.
And flnnlly tho process of Incubation mny be used to mnko clear tho relation of tho Roi'lnllHt propaganda to
the process of nntural oconomlc ovolutlon, To hatch a chicken tho lion must
havo an egg, an objoct containing tho
Rormn of a chicken. No nmount of
hatching will turn a stono Into n chicken. On the other hand, an egg
will remain an egg forever unless do-
lllwulflly tnkon hy tlir« hon Into hutching. No system of society enn bo
trailti-ormoil into a Socialist commonwealth unions It hns In It tlm germs
of a Socialist order, nnd on tlio othor
hand no systom of society will grow
Into n Socialist stato unless plnnfully
In  tho  -w—thf.  ftonlnllnti.    do    tho
hatching.—Thc Metropolitan,
Tho most orthodox Socialist journal
of Knglnnd, Justice, of London, tho
nrrnn of -tho HvT.rtmnn.Oiiolrh nnrtv
.mid a well edited Journal, too) hns
this to say of syndicalism while reviewing a book on Iho subject: "Regarding 'Syndicalism,' as we do, as a
mnro passing recrudescenso of anarchist Ideas, which baa, so far, no In-
HuH_.4. *.Uh the working class of iWh
country, and which, for a variety of
ronsons. is not likely to havo any influence or produce any permanent effect fc*r*. w* aro ralb*r putrled to
know wbcit caa bave Induced tho author to proluce so Importaut a work
on so unimportant a subject."
try involving over nine billions of dol-.
lars that pays less than one per cent
bn the amount of capital invested
must perforce^ find some .remedy.1- ,It
follows naturally that a great part of
that industry is paying no dividends,
oven running at a loss."1 In order to
live, that coal most'easily mined is
taken and 'that not so easily reached
Is ruined'by being left in the ground,
because competition, unrestrained
competition, must bo met In order to
sell the coal at,all.. As an inevitable
consequence,'from one-third to one-
holf of the coal is wasted and futuro
generations deprived of fuel which
Ihoy mny badly need.' Talk of conservation Is idle, Is altogether useless,
so long as this is forced upon mon who
nro willing lo work for conservation
if thoy can do so without a certainty
of bankrupting themselves,
Wo do not look upon a big coal com-,
pnny as necossnrily nn ovll;'rather Is
lt a great help to tho industry to havo
a fow largo companies ongngod In an
1-idustry instead of mnny small com-
pnulos, If such a thing will lead lo the
present abandonment of a sufficient
number of mliies thnt nro losing money
and wn'sting coal, so ns lo losscn the
production to a point whore tho de-
ninnd will ho mot—and no more.   Tho
uoiiHolIdiillan of coal compnulos   docs
promlso stability and mny eventually
lengthen the timo when tlioro will bo
conl avallablo for the people,     No
man convorsnnt wllh tho conl business
can  deny that tlioro aro too many
mines at present  In tho bltiimlnouR
Holds.     Ono-half of (he mines in Illinois would ho nhlo to supply tho cull ro demand by running regularly, As
It' Ib, their operation for two or three
days n week affords but au Insufficient
support to mnny ongngod In mining,
depresses the prlco at n tlmo whon
only lho largo consumer can tnl.o advantago nf II, and loaves tho short win-
tor demand to mnko up for losses too
often Incurred by flooding tho markets
for tho moro snko of remaining In operation nt. a tlmo when the consumer
dons not buy coal.
Whllo .^cognizing tho Inevitable t"«i-
donry to consolidation, nnd bolfovlng
that It, is n good thing, yet naturally
thn smaller operators nro Interested In
tho preservation of their own properties nnd tholr own existence, and prefer somo plan by which they cnn oIho
^n_M")^» 1Mim-   ilr\   .ir.1    v^ifwl    run
nolldatlon n« nn evil, if thn mnnnpo.
ment of thn lnrijfl eonipanloH ho plncod
In tho hands of men who will practice
tho doctrlno of "llvo and lot live" rather thnn thnt of forcible elimination of
ron neMHnrt      In tho hlntorviof nOicr
desired' by the United Mine Workers •
ln bringing into the organization' a, ■
larger, nuriiber of anthracite workers
than has ever before been enrolled by
thc union." The Anthracite 0workcra
have heretofore,- held out, satisfied
with letting the bituminous coal miners pay the expenses of organization ,
assisted by a very small part of tho
anthracite men. 'The fact that the
recent agreement has yet several
years to run makes his achievement
all the more remarkable, as the an
thrnclte end of tho organization has
a strike was In prospect, and havo
eretobefore been interested only whoa
defaulted ln their payments ns soon
as, tho troubles were adjusted. So
long as there Is to bo an organization
it is not fair or reasonable that a part
should bear the burdens of lho whole".
—Fuel Magazine.
,
G.N.P, FOOTBALL LEAGUE
Tho LronguQ competition for tho pre?,
sont season' was brought to a closo
on Snturday, August 21th, the concluding fixture being played at Michel, between that Club nnd Hcllcvue. Tho
gamo ended In u draw, no goals being
scored, and as « result llollovuo secures the championship, The new
Calgnry Brewing Cup gooB to tho winners, and the llollovuo Club will have
tho,honor of'being tho firBt ho'des.
Tl,o I-oaguO nlso provides meda s for
the winning tcum,
Tho.following Is the position of ti.u
various clubs on tho Loaguo tablo:
Goals
P
w
i,
D
for
OgBl
P.
llollovuo ..
.10
r,
2
3
ia
— 12
13
\Mlchol   ...
Oolomau .,
.10
A
■1
\
18
—  s
12
.10
r.
:i
0
12
—   1.
12
Fornlo   .,.
.10
r.
•I
l
1G
— 1fl
11
Conl Creek
10
:i
•i
S
li*
— 11
'J
Mosmer  ..
.10
0
7
:i
7
— 23
3
Wo are Informed thnt Michel havo
lodged n protest In tholr gnmo against
llollovuo, plnyod Inst week. If this Is
ho, tho handing over of the cup nnd
modals will bo delayed until tho mat-
tor Ih diHpoxeil of by Iho Jyviguo Com-
m It loo.
Tho Hosmer Shield Competition got
n send-off Iniu Rriturduy, Pernio nnd
Conl Crook playing th,. flrHt round tlo.
Tho gnmo wns of n vory quiet naturo
nnd ended In ft win for Fornlo by 2
frtiln   lo   ft        Vflrtitn   n-MT   »t/ve   trx»(^
Uo«mor In tho final.
The Now York expo, wo of police
methods will ciiuso   nu   surpriso to
thoso who understand tlio qualification., for npnllenntK for Iho \oh.     Yot
linos of bUMincHS confiolldntIonn havu there aro some ulio wonder who will
In rcnllly removed much of lho baneful cut-throat competition that dei?
truyv profits, by the union1 of lan.e
companies which wero among themselves competitors. Theso consolidations Interior.. 1<-kh with tho buwirn-Hi.
or smaller concerns than their component parta formerly did wiih *arh
other's business, so that the smaller
rorirems bave bad a better fk-ld than
before. It la a matter of course that
many of tho smaller companies will
be forced to quit business, but not
do the dirty work in the dnys thnt nre
to be.
Tho present strength of the Japan-
eso navy is as follows: Fourteen
iMltli-itUlpi. of 2i-V'2"l turiH, one tUmi
expired battleship of 10,960 tons,
thli I ctin first-elai.it trulners, I'iH.iihZ
tons; seven second ctsijs rmisers 3s>
or*: tons: thirteen third class crutaera,
43,713 ton; flftysovcn destroyers, fifty,
nlno torpedo boats and thirteen submarines. ■ '-:*
yr.: tffiz^yy-y.
sy~&-^
-,.&y\
PAGE POUR
7y
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERHIE,   B. C;; AUGUST .31, 1912.
vv'
y-
\i i>.-
Vi ^\'^M^it\jd^£^j^y'\ ,'
'  _■     .",""''"-"  y-      '"""'  .'      '"''-';.   ■''•
l... Published-every Saturday morning ai its.offico,.
>• Pellat -Avenue, Fernie, B., C.   Subscription $1.00
per year in advance.    An excellent advertising
. medium.-  Largest circulation in the ..District.   Ad-
fertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
i *- -- -      i . .
.     .      <i
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
- color work.   Mail orders,receive special attention.
Address all communications'to The District Ledger.
• 7      i
. H.P. NERWICH, Editor. "^
Telephone No. 48.     ,        Post Office Box No. 380
THE HEMBROW. INQUEST
'"pllli! attitude of Coroner "Wilkes in reiusing to
■*■ put a question asked by the miners' representative to a -witness at the inquest of the late Richard
Hembrow, and which is reported in another column
' of tliis issue, is to' be regretted. .The unfortunate
dependants of those who lose their life in coal mines
i- i ,
or elsewhere are permitted to be "represented   on
such occasions and it is the duty and-privilege of
such representatives to find out,by questioning the
witnesses qvery detail of the, occurrence. Secretary
Carter-was, therefore,-perfectly, within his rights,
and the admonition of the .coroner, both unjustified
and uncalled for.     The question was put with tlie
.object.of showing'the jury that the deceased was
legitimately following his occupation   as  .driver
boss, and it-had previously been stated by.one "of
ithe witnesses that a driver boss' duty was to'take
charge of all work in connection   with   haulage.
This will.be readily understood   by   the "answer
(though not placed on record)   Mr.   Biggs,   one
of tlie witnesses, who said that he believed" Hembrow by sending up these extra loads, did so with
-the' idea of increasing the output as much as possible, which would, of course, be to the' interest of
the company., _ Thc question asked by Mr. Carter
was certainly far from being irrevelant.     "We are
also at a loss to understand why the- coroner should'
permit the Coal Company's solicitor to interrupt
without censuring him, as we believe him to be
_ quite capable of conducting the enquiry without
the assistance of even such an able man as Mr. Sher-
wood Herchmer.    3Ye do not for a moment impute
point-?- The', paper" for" whichyt~- was .written,
"Fuel," is one'that caters to the operators'arid, of
course, what would be to the interest of the "'operators'goes with it.-?"-Its vision"is based,upon-the
the -workers,, the bleeding of the "consumer in gene-,
fication of industries, winch' means the "sweating of
the workers,'the'bleeding of tlie consumer in gene-
ral and increased and larger'dividends foi* the share
holders is. thc one great aim aiid "object-of its exis-
tence. But .we, too, rejoice when we hear of these
things,' and this;' too, from a fairly selfish' motive,
We look upon .such as a-day.nearer to^tlie emancipation of the producer. ?' The more down-trodden
the masses'], ecome tlie",nearer do we get to otir. goal,
lor some people will not, or cannot, realize their
helplessness under-existing conditions until it- is
knocked into their skulls and their "masters are unconsciously doing it.   "'•'  -
THE BENEFITS OP ORGANIZATION
"any partiality for either'one side'or another on the
part of the coroner, but to anyone; unacquainted
with him it would appear" that he is, consciously or
unconsciously, attempting to curtail thc efforts -of
the miners' representative when conducting such
enquiries. As for the witnesses, it is only fair to
styite' that they all gave their evidence in a straightforward and unbiased manner.
DO YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY POR?
TN the same, issue of "Fuel''containing the above
■;   is an editorial note regarding the increase in
membership of tlie U. M, "W. of _z\. _ ^ Contrary to
what' one:may expect to see in ah operators' magazine, it eulogises, the work done by President John
P. White,,.and concludes by saying, "So long,as
there is to be an organization itis not fair or. reasonable that a part should bear the burden of. tlie
whole.'.'   Even our masters are beginning to realize
that organized labor   is   best   for   all. concerned.
Whilst here and there" they,may gain an advantage,
they have less trouble in coming to an understanding with their-employers'through tlieir representatives than it is io deal with men individually.   The
time has past, when whole camps are organized, and
no matter'how bold'a. front the operators may show
a Local Union is'to be found." • True, it may not be
strong, but the fact that there is" one'compels'the
bosses to tow the.line.,   ;Unfortunately   the   nonunion man shards the benefits, without sharing any
of the expense in maintaining, such-an organization.
It is needless to point,out, what organized labor has
clone for the .men, everyone who is iii its midst must
recognize its advantages.-';?• There are three kinds
of non-union" men: the newcomers from'  foreign
parls,'the ignoramus,"or. imbecile, 'the' naturally
born scab. • The first-named is pardonable, and;so
soon as lie understands.conditionsiis-"only?top anxious to join.;   Amongst these can be found .some'
of the-most keen   and   'active ..union   men! - . The
second named js excusable," but the scab', of^course,
lie is past redemption, and.the, one consolation, as
News
a correspondent recently^saidlFthat he cannotTfive7
for ever.-   -Non-union .men *,are' becoming 7scarcer
every day, and'the time* is not'far distant when
such ah one will be" looked upon as a" eurosity. "
THE "DIVIDE UP" PRINCIPLE
pEOPLE clo not grumble as a rule when tliey
*   get what thoy pay for.     This we believe is
quite true'from an _every day standpoint. Yet
. tJiei'e aro times when peoplo are deceived and have
much cause for dissatisfaction, even when they are
supposed to bo getting'what they aro paying for.
There ore many articles which arc bought a \i\ sold
in the ordinary course of trade which carry with
them certain risks to the purchaser, and thore arc
also many and varied methods on tlie part of lh_
vundor to gull.tlio public in connection with differ-
ent articles which thoy have for sale. Take eggs,
for instance: how often it happens that a purchaser
after buying a consignment from tho storo, on at-
tempting lo use them, finds that a largo percentage
arc unfit for anything, As a'rulo thc ones affected tako thisjis a matter ol! course, and do not feel
imrliiMilai'ly indignant .against' lho storekeeper.
1 But,, when a purcluiKor inspects'the load of screen-
ecl conl, which lio buys from the Coal Company and
fails to find a pici'ij of coal bigger I han an ordinal*}'
nut, hazel, il1 you please—not even as largo as a
walnut—why then ho or she begins to wonder
whothor thoy arc gelling what they bargained for,
and rightly or wrongly feel very much aggrieved.
Wo are of the opinion that liiesu pooplo who receive
such a class of coal, or screened coal, have a legitimate kick against the mothods of tho conl company
who foiHt on tho public such rubbish and classify it
hh neroHiuil ennl. To mako use' of a common
phrase, "There are eggs and eggs," and tliere avo
also screens and sci'coiih; screens that aro of different hizes; some thai will give tho buyer all the
slack and tlm company all tho coal. It is, however, reasonable to suppose that the coal company
are at least morally obligated to ileal fair with it's
customers when ordering sercened coal.
We luilve n« dosiro to be unduly Iin roll with the
Coal Company, on account of tlto many complaint*, |"s ««».1,«»«w u> I'Hiutice.
♦.     7 • -,■;■■    "*v, yy ■-.♦
♦."'    . ''   .TABER NOTES'.^;£'_}>♦
<_►       ? "-""■-     >^' .-.iri_,„yy'^
♦ «» ♦ ♦ ♦ ,♦ ♦ ♦_♦♦'«►;♦ ±
Thej.Canada* .West mine?is, woMdng
steady.' ?A,little delay7was'"caused
this week Jby-a. shortage'of box cars.
The output';;, is gradually increasing
and-the miners,all seem to be'getting'
their' coal 'out;.'but- considerable rock
has been hoisted the last" few day's.
There was/a scarcity of.timber the
first part "of the month, and not "much
brushing was done. ", Now the entries
are 'being brushed,. and/that^ leaves
the output of coal smaller thaii. it
would be under' regular conditions.
However, from three to' four hundred
tons per day;are 'being hoisted!
The old hands are gradually coming
back. Sam Dunne and Tom ,C)ausey
started'on, Saturday.
Jess"Stockwood, has. quit and-gone
in quest of new pastures?',,'
R. Leonard has moved' to Lethbridge.        . • _ .       ,   y   '
Tom Green and son have arrived
from* England and gone to. .work in
the big mine. y,   7 ' '
Charlie.Carlson is starting'work,at
the Canada West on; Thursday. ,He
has been working, at Bowden's Mino
for the last two' months' but'there is
nob much doing at present, so he quit.
• Harvesting is now in' full swing in
Taber,,district,'.the farmers being all
busy,cutting?grain. There.is a good
demand for men and good- wages are
offered. ',;■'," / " • , 7*
s The concrete .sidewalks are. being
laidr but^scarcity of labor is hindering
the work a great deal.,-' The,wages
paid are ?2.75 per day of ten hours. .*
On Tuesday jnight Mr? Frank'' Aspin-
all'and, Mine, Inspector A: S. Jones
were'in Taber to demonstrate the "use
of thePleuss Mine Rescue Apparatus.
A large number of miners and'cltlzens
were present in,the Central School to
witness the■.^demonstration." Mr. As-
pinall explained the various parts of
the apparatus^ and how . to handle
same. Be .also gave a\ comparison
between. the Fleuss and Draeger ap-'
paratus, which' did not1 give much credit to the Draeger. ' Some of the miners present "wop had .experience with
both, claimed that the Draeger is simpler and"" just; as good' as the Fluess.
There'is some talk of a training station at this camp. '     "
♦♦'♦»'».<»'.♦♦ ♦»♦♦»»♦»♦
♦ • y ■-./-- -7-    • ■       ,- ;■■;♦
♦ .      f -BURMIS NOTES   . .   ■    ♦
♦ » » <>"»•»"♦ » » » »^»»
MilMJ_Ritchie_____enKin.e_e____\vJth_jthe7
QJ TRANGE as,it may seein'tliere are still human
*^ beings in this'world, in this twentieth century,
who believe that Socialism stands for"divide-up."
And stranger still, this belief is not only held by«
ignoramusus, but by .many men who are at least
presumed to bo'somewhat more acquainted "with
current events? To "thernVrich Socialist, for instance, is" not only a, paradox, but a traitor to the
cause he professes to sympathize with, and the principles ho is presumed to adhere-to.( These men
are found everywhere,' ovon in Fernie, as witnessc
the recent provincial elections, when our very own
Uallot Box Bill referred to .John llawthornthwaito
in sarcastic terms"and twitted him ou ace -iir.t of
him being tho possessor of a fair share of 1his
world's "goods. Tho latest stir in this particular
line eomes from Stamford, Conn,, where an editor-
iul writer in a local paper suggested that if
James Graham Phelps Stokes, Socialist candidato
for mayor of Stamford, roally wishes to emancipate
tho people, he should sell his possessions and distri-
Imto the proceeds to'the poor. In answer Mr.
Stokes said:
■"incredible though it will doubtless be to most
people, it is nevertheless true that I would gladly
do that very thing if thoro wore the remotest chance
that such u course would result in more 'emancipation' than the courso I am pursuing.
"Almsgiving upon a vory largo scale has gone on
for thousandfi of years', and doubtless with benefit
to individuals, almsgivors, and to some recipients,
yet as largo a proportion of tho peoplo are in poverty ns ovor before (barring occasional rare periods of pestilence or famine), Something far
moro radical thnn almsgiving is required if poverty, want and sii'knofls are to be appreciably lessened. B
"Wo Socialists find it much more rational to uso
the means at our disposal to help break down tlio
present unjust system and lo help rear in its stead
an indiiNlrinl democracy, in which every worker
shall bo assured of the enjoyment of as much wealth
but we t'oel it a duty to offer this protest, to Ihe
class of coal that is being sold bs screened, and wc
believe that the management of the company, thill
is particularly in (jiiesliim, are bro/id minded
einuigii to gn'e the people u Mpiarc deal. "We nr«
content to wait aud see.
"THE SURVIVAL OP THE FITTEST."
A
N «r.M» nppi-arin^ iu ti.L i.sj,ue. uiuW il.v
' above caption doali. with trusts and mono,
polles pointing out from the wriu-r'* point <_f view
the benefits of trustifying the coal industry in Itlin-
m«.     Wo agr<«<! with him, but from another -view.
.Some people do not seem to grasp the principles,
aims nnd objects of Socialism. They do not realize
that, if all possessors of property were to-morrow
to give their property away, what Socialism stands
.ui '.mini., inn liiun-ii;. vniiii« juU) tieing, am) thn
reason for this is that tho present count it ution of
society which provides no machinery whatever for
using this given-uway properly. As an illustra-
tion j ,Wo believe In tlio nationalization of lnnd;
can a .nnd-miwr cnttiti Ms hit nf hnd (,, i,o nationalized by giving it nwny. i(>rtiwily not! Wo do
not mind ton-li idiotic questions being raised, but on
the contrary look forward lo It as n good advertisement. It is bound lo attract attention, to make
pMiple think, nnd that is nil we nsk of ihom, xil0
n.st will «>me itself.
coal company, ?is contemplating, mov?
ing his-family from Coleman to town
the first of.the month.'. - , , 7 *..„
, -There will be'a "iyholesal'e exodus,of'
Stampede visitors .from .Burmis, and
Calgary will,- no- doubt, appreciate the
honor!    ' -   ...   .    ,,."-,      ,_     '   '"'
The"Kingp '.the, Heilands" support-
ed.by his retinue-(Messrs. Mcl_eod &
Burke), after an absence, of mans
moons,' .arrived ■ in state this -week.
They have taken up their residence In
Burmls for the fishing .and already'
have hold many convocations with
"Ollle" tho Blue Print Kid.    ' '•   „
Mr. W. A. Freoburger, district ngont
for ,tlie. Great West Life Assurance
Company', was In.town on,business.  ■
A'meeting of the Local Union was
hold on Sunday tlie 25th, which was
prcsldod ovor by J. 0., Jones, Vlco-.
Prosldont of DletrictlS, tl. jl. W. of A.
Tho election of Local, Officers took
place and resulted as follows;..lamos
Murphy, pro'stdent; .Too Adams, recording secretary, and John Mngdall, sec-
rotary-treasurer,       _       ^
Mr. Q. A. Short of tlio Western
Supply and Rqulpmont Company of
Lothbridgo, wns rt business .visitor to
town on Monday.
Sirs, D. Cameron and MrsL. Somer-
vlllo wore visitors to 'Colomnn on
Monday.
Tlio pony race, which waB to havo
tnlion .placo on, tho 2flth Inst, botweon
Scott's Bnldy and Glover's Nolllo for
J50.00 a sldo lias boon postponed until
Soptembor 7lli. ' •
Mrs 'Geo. Hopo loft ,towti this week
to Join hor linsbniid at Lothbridgo.,
Tlio oxliniiRt on narnoy Oldflold's
car Ih nonrly six Inchon In ytnmotor,
but Undo says Unit's nowt; tlia wnnts
lo fioo Hltilo.
A rnthor unfortunate accident be-
foil' lho llttlo dmiKlitor of Hnrry Flali-
or on WcdnoHday iiftornoon. It ap-
pours tlmt tlio child was amusing tt-
hoK on a swing ut tlio roar of the
Iioiibo when ono of the ropos brolto,
tlio child fulling to tho ground and
bronklng ono of hor logs.
?v7\7
the district-around,"to"be in bj_?the "15tb;
st August; 'so,?wetexpect.'tb,-hear?hlie'
hammers going-prettjTsoon aow.y;0
Quite a huni-beV of the boys are'tak-'
ing,-in. the fair"?this''week''at 'Eeth"-
bridge. " The;idleNtime's.here- give~the:
boys" a good ^chance to- have a good
tlnie; but watch put coming "home,,
boys, because .there's 'the, .highway-
robber on*duty in the*'. Cdulle. ?and ?h'e'
is" no greenhorn at the game.' * ^That's"
what poor Harry seems.to tbink. Anyway, don't hitjiim "when'he is^riink,"
Ai€<*,. ■  ■'"".?.'„,<* 'X^y^^.y
,The duck hunter,, was'j hixn'gry' the'
other-mofning but he'didn't "^e_-"_iis
duck. Perhaps heTis,'not'aocustomed
to the Game Laws" of;'this, province.
It would pay him to.get--a'copy.?- ,'"'?
Regarding-the sending^of a'delegate
to Guelph, Local Union 1189 is willing
to do their'share in > assisting to paying the expenses • of-a delegate from
this' end of the district, as Nw'e consider it'a good cause.-     . '•     '■ ,,
There are'lOiOOO Indians in Canada.'
* *    ' '   ' - -   *
Our Letter Box
•i - -      .   > .
•y    i "..:''      '.       ,       '.     >•
www¥W*m»iM'mm'M'
Fernie Annex, Aug. 27,1912
To the Editor," District Ledger.',."' .',.'
Dear Sir,—Will you be good enough
to inform me whether a teacher has
the right to pull a child's hair' and
treat hei\harshly?' ' -VJ ,       ',•,  '   ';
'    . , Yours truly, • v    (
.     FOND PARENT.
NEGLECT
/
NEGLECT .....   .....?..;.   ;,-  ;..';-
To cleanse-the system of undigested
food, foul gases,' excess bile,,In-;. the
liver-and waste matter In the bowols
will impair your health. - The best
system. regulator is FIG PILLS.     -
;Afall.dealers 25 and 50 centiboxes
or' mailed by the'Fig Pill Co.,' St.
Thomas, Ont. 'Sold in Fernie at'McLean's Drug and Book Store. 7y
SYNOPSIS OP COAL MINING
, -    - REGULATIONS   _.   .
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West .Territories and In'apportion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased' for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental'.of $1 an-acre.
Not more than 2,560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant., , , ,_. ..." , . ,.
Application for a.leasd'must be made"
-uy-Ttire—app'iicaiu^m'-""p"ers"o_r_to"t_re
A^nSP,r Sub-Agent-of the district In
which the rights applied for are situated. ... - , ,. • , >.
In 'Surveyed territory the land must bo
described jby sections, or legal sub-divi-'
slons of sections, and .in unsurvoyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.".
Each aplication must be accompanied
by a fee of .5.which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but.not otherwise.' A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of tho
mino^at the rate of five cents per ton.
," T1.0_.p?!i?son_ operating the mine Bhall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coai mined an dpay the royalty thoroon: If' the coal mining
rights are not being operated, such'
returns .should bo- furnished„at -least
onco-a year.                                  , '
vTho lease will include the coal mising
rights only, but tho lessoo may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may bo oomrldercd necessary for tho working of th6 mlno
at tho rate of $10.00 an acre.
.»For, ifuU '^formation application
should bo mado to tho Secretary of tho
Department of tho Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent-of Dominion Lands,
"   «    •"_   fl. .w- W.'Cory.
,. Deputy Minister or tho Interim-.
N.B—Unauthorized publication of thlH
advortlsomont will not bo paid for.
$!SpiitG<>y
^yyyy 7y.:-y?y y ''■>.
r'7 7.7 y-V 7^-v 7 & Wholesale dealers' in^'v^-^^.'^ 7'"r: sy
\.--f"''    -'-1'-."        v,.'     5  .,;s,-.V-'.r-\.-r;-yy ■-•.;-, "'■■'yt.yyJ'i -y 'V-.-'- _   '".
"■'■*: Win€£f;iquoiilsthd -t
,-- y •'\ 7 v- '. - -J''-. "'.;-?*. .'.',*.--. -i.--,rsv.,.-,,..,,     .,,'■♦: -
,r,  -:-t :
s7ti
-' 7-7 y vGIGARS^,_ .
fpERNffi, BEERiAL^AYStlN :STOGk~'"
,-."■■ ■""   ■'-, 7 Phone .83/Frank. Altai^  rv ""' - - Sy S
,-j>-
^iil_>; Humble
/^Dealer Sin -,,, '/■ .7 ':'"■. ^
, vwvww & Ranges
y\  Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE^Vi/     >/    -"Vy'.:  /\ „   Alberta
:
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosplionol resloros ov«sry nerve in the body
      to Iti proper-tension} restores
vim unci vitality. Premature decay nnd nil aoxunl
wonknoss' nv.rt.d nt once.   )'lio_p..onol will
'!l'kl_yo,i"l?l',vnuin:. ,^lc,■ t-laboic.n, twe tm
5 Mill .fl to nnv «'l'lrt»n The gaobnll I)ru_f
0'i„ Ht, (Mtliftrlnct.un;.
Fruits and Veg
To ;the People of OrowsNesbPass
'77';7/'A^;vLINDLEY{7c'V
• -■'    *'.     ■ ■ o „ " ■■ >     '' '    - ■  '■    . :      u       . - '';-    . ,'
- y       '• ,~i   ■     '  . -    _ v        y .   . . •     i'      \
is now prepared to ship to retailers
as ;well as; wholbsalers, Fruits :aind'
Vegetables Un, any quantity, ^all in
season."-. -  -1' 7'./*:;'    ' .      '""/"'" "<v''
, yCARROTS,   CAB-
BAGES, pAULIFtQWER^
POTATOES, CUCUMBERS
ARE THE  BEST
In fruits I;;liave Apples,  Plums,
Pears, etc. that are the best quality.
,    When buying Fruits  aiid Vegetables ask! your dealer .for Lindley's.
SOLD  EVERYWHERE
Address, A. LINDLEY, Box 27, Creston, B.C,
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Shooting Season Starts^ Sept. 2
KIPP NOTE8
(Hecoivcd too Into tor publication last
"•ir...
ARE
YOU
READY
Como in and soo our line of
Guns, Rifles, Ammunition
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture
30 WINCHESTER \
-..SMOKELESS.
'»of 1      Poirst
'mfcoiUi
TlilnRH nrn protty qtilr.t In Klpp Junt
now. Tho ml no U Hluit down this
week, hut according to atntomontB
mndo by tho company'* otflolnln, work
Will tin rf'nunu.il  nr.vl   ii»nnV' nnrl  thnv
oxpoet to k«t'i» riinnlnf. Bteady right
alone, Meantime work Ib being dono
tlitit coulil not lm dono if tho mlno
wna workltiB, cleaning out tho trump
nnrl putting nilclltlonnl tlmbora In the
bottom of tho abaft to enablo thorn to
run tlio both cajjea for holntlng conl,
ao wo nr* *twttlnR to ace lota of coal
ro.ru> ti|> from no* on through the fall
nml winter, providing tho aftloa i»Ront
Jtet» lots of ordr-rB. Tho <wiip»ny Intend* pulling up thirty more eottagoa
boforo tho winter to accomodate tholr
«mploycfs,    Tcntfera wore pat out In
Fernie to .
Los Angeles
AND RETURN
$ 6 4• 3 O
ON SALE SEPT. 4th, 6th and
Good for 8lxty Days
FIRST CLASS EQUIPMENT THROUGHOUT
J. S. Thompson, Kgt
P.O. Box 305.   TO, 161
The Maple
ICE CREAM  AND
CONFECTIONERY #
PARLOR
Coloman, Alta.
Central location, close to
Football grounds-and
Tennis Court
When in Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy fmxen
ICECRE^M
SOFT DRINKS
"<\_
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-THE. DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE^B.% AUGUST 31, 1912.
PAGE FIVE
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-"♦.'
HOSMER NOTES
•     _________T"       v     .*-    "    > - * «   -*1 .y  V    '   ~i *    4^
,♦- , 7= '• "*.' * ■■■.■'-- --s'-1; • ' T-
• *• ♦".♦'.^ ♦' ♦ 4> ♦ '♦ •♦'.♦'♦'^
-,     ;V   '      . >" ;, ;   _.'■'. .   ,     '    " -,\  -    ' .   v- '.,
;" The 'Hosmer' Tennis Club" will, hold
' their annual tournament in'.the~coursQ?
-„,o£ two or,, three weeks^7. Quite"a nnni-.
'ber.-'of .entries havej-beeu received;
. bu't'-no handicaps have Been,alloted f.o
'-far. .'V 7 yy-y' ;y   77  \y_  y '"'
•;-' Dr. .Gillespie, of' Plncher. Creek,"L 5s
handling the medical practise, here just
.  now, "Dr.''Nay paving'gone Ea,slf pn a
■-holiday, and as_ rumor has it, he.in-
tends to 'join-the-ranks of.the benedicts. .    7    ; ''        '.■'.'
- ,Miss CD. J. •PlEblado,- L.L.A., of
- Hosmer, has been" appointed second
teacher at the local school ..here and
when the session opens .up she will
take,up, her, duties.,". y
- > The prizes .for    the, '\ annual. prize
shoot'of the Hosmer: Civilian Rifle
■' Club are on view., in the window o? A.'
'Mills and Son.  '"/-   -    •'',-*.-   v
- . More prizes—Those   for , ,the prize
, -.waltzers aire on view in the window of
T." A.'Cornet... 'y     ,     .■   "'    - ;.
■  •. What might have been a  serious
affair'took place in the'shape of . a
target'shooting contest behind one of,
'the shacks on.'Main Street.*"'i An" Ital-
7ian happened'to b^ shooting, and the
bullets pierced.another 'shack which
'■•was inhabitated'and'the occupants'be-
Tcameyalarmed and*""consequently -' Informed the police., ;7 An'arrest follow-
",-od-Vnd we; hope the local authorities
will convict, ass there. is too,- much
reckless shooting around this burg.  "
'   ' The children   of 7 the Prebyterlan
-7 Church held their annual picnic 7. on
Friday last at a place Beyond the Gov-
.-eminent'Bridge, where, they spent an
enjoyable day under the careful-sup-
'_, ervision of the pastor,' Mr.'B. Hi Wai-
, ,lace,    everything \.going   Immensely,
1 They were brought home in-'a "fig-by
' -Mr. Fi'anlc Ingram.who must be thank-
-. ed for his obligation....   'yy ■    .
77 Mrs. >T.-'Fitzpatrick has left for a
holiday .to Edmonton.. -Happy days in
.  store' now,, Tom.   -   -,. '-  "*■ ■        ,-..  •.'
' All rbads'lead to Hosmer. on 'Labor
;*,Day. y Reduced fares on.all railroads.,
, .- Mr. Gujr' Thomas,' "from -Blairmore,
was visiting some old friends,here last
- Saturday.- -,■-"».;•   -;   v        . '.^   y'
•■-'. WeVnbticed,'in.last week's Ledger,'^
report accusing^ several Hosmerjplay-.
ers in, their recent, cup-tie with-Fernie"
with "...unsportsmanlike.;. - tactics. V-NoV
doubt your'correspondent's'.vision, was
slightly blurred with' green.-Jv'-'i,*.'!".'*--",
'. .;7"-. Donations'to Sports;. .- . ,7
7, The Sports" Committee acknowledge
with, thanks: the following donations;
. Mike'Sorkie, Hosmer Hotel; ,F. La-
belle, Pacific Hotel, $50.00 each. _/' ■>
7-3. Jarvis, Royal Hotel;'R.:s7Gour-
iay, Queen's Hotel;- Elk Valley .Brewery, $25.00 each. '_'■'. . '; ,''.-.,
/J. Wyile,'A, Lund,; J.j.BossIo, A.
Mills and Son, M. Boassaly, P. Carosella, J. E, Price, Dr. Nay. F. G. >Vat-
ters, $10 each. -" . ■ y "; - , • '
D." G. Wilson, W. Downie,'Hosmer
Industrial' Sto're, A. B. .Campbell", Nji
F. Kendall, E. F.' Rahal/S W. Lawson,
E. T. Bennett;1 Hosmer, Livery and
Transfer, L, A. Lauthier, A. F. Fortier,
A. McL. Fletcher,-J. A. Carruthers, J.
Smiley,' $5.00 each?    ,"     ' .'      f
il.'Ziselman, $4. ,'_ >\
S.' Hartley, W. R. Fowler, W.' White,'
$3.00 each.      °   ,-    "•'"   ; ,. "   .    ._
. John Gabara, Frank Newton,' 1$2.50
each.', y yfy ,* ". -' .„ n _'„ '• _
^ A' Union Man, I. J. Brown, W Lakey^
Geo. Rankin, Er H. Cox.'c. N..vJamle-
son," A'.. Redpath, T. A.' Connett, - R.
Anderson, $2.00'each. 7, 9 ' '
,. H. Brown; A. Dunsmore, J. .McQueen
O. Blondin, R. Pratt, W.E. Smith," $1
each.        •• ,    '      i
,♦-'
FRANK NOTES
Attelld' Iramonting,'.a-miner here
met with 'an- accident 7last Friday'a
little while before the. whistle gave
them notice ■ that their eight', hours
labor was finished."',' A pile of rock
fell, hitting him' en the head. -' He is
improving'under the doctor's care.
•Mr. Boyd, junior, of TBlairmore, _>vas
Monday
typhoid
r-rsrrrCr^mhony.or'rthjOiosmefTRifle.
'""Association, was amongst the success-
• ful' competitors at'the-B. C., inland
"-Shooting, Competition held at" Nelson
last week^, - '--.,.■. .7   --,-   '7-
,' Mrs. John Cunningham arrived here
' from the Old Coutry on Saturday evening last.' y ;"" 7   ' y. - 77 ■";' '
, ' Mr/Jerry Shanahari arrived here on
Sunday morning from- Bankhead' and
v,Intends to stay a few;days prior "to
leaving for the coast.    , '      j
Tho,' local committee desire0 to "see
all the teams in tho Pass represented
'in"the football tournoy..   Now, Coleman,' Michel and Bellevue, let's havo
you along here on Labor Day.
- Now thenr how many are'"'going to'
docorato?    Tho prizes nro worth your
while/.   Decorato and make Hosmer
' tho'"City Beautiful."'... '   "
Tho.Coleman Orchestra nro,going to
._ dispense.tho music at'the big ball In
th^Opora Houso on,Labor Day.^Wo
..ajwnys Imvb thQ'boBt.
Fornlo Brass Band will bo In attendance nil day.     ' '   ,
A (.mall povcentngo of the citlzons
of Hosmer hold what, might bo tenped
an. indignation meeting on Monday
evening In tho Opora House regarding'
tho Labor Day Bports, but the mooti^R
was n frizzle nnd burst, nnd tho pooplo
wero jiiRt ns wlso whon thoy 'retired an
thoy woro whon thoy started. Somo
pooplo hnvo tho nnsty habit of butt-
Ing'ln whoro thoy. aro not wanted. Wo
nro running this outfit, so don't butt
InHlll you nro apkod to.:' After this
wo would warn you not to put your
mime on any list whoro you havo no
spokesman, thoro might havo boon
something doing if tlio Instigator had
. turned up, but cold foot wns tho trouble! I buobh,
Tho nnminl prize shoot of tho Hosmor Rlflo Club took plnco on Sunday
Inst. . Tho woathor wnn vory .infttvor-
nblo, for   shooting, consequently tho
>    (.hooting was bnlow thcrtvornKO, Tho
following Is n list of tlio prize wlnnors:
1 j, n. McTnggnrt; 2, J. Grnsit; .1, A.
Anthony; 4, Jamos Ayro;  C, I, J.
Drown; 0, II. Brooki.; 7, B, Mllln; ft,
nnmbrldgo.    Consolation   prlzo:   H.
■ Maundaoll, D. Drovnrlffir, T. IColr.
Wo havo received word from tho
Fornio Lacrosse Club, and as thoy
don't want to havo a oountOMittrne.
tlon to our sports horo, lt hns boon
decided to havo tho lacrosse match
horo on Tinbor Tlnv
brought,to the.hospital on
evening with an .'attack of
fever..-" -     '   '   ,,., '> * ^-'-   ■ i       • »
Mr.' Steward/ who 'had'' his , skull
badly, broken'. while ; working ■ in the
cement-works1' last Thursday, is improving rapidly In "the, liospltal here.
There is ho doubt now of hls'jeebvery.
The. Frank schooLonjanedLoriJlonday.
COAL CREEK    7
.-"The mines have worked-more shifts]'
this; month- than they, have"' since.- the
resumption of work,' in any -months
The camp is'; taking on an old-time appearance. Contentment and big= statements.    .    . -   ,       (       .1  ,       !-,,".'"
. The football' club journeyed / to
Fernie to participate' in a "football
game arranged for the benefit'of the.
widow of the late Owen Joinson - (an
old Creekite). Despite the Inclemency
o"f the weather, there were a fairly
good representation ' of " Creekites.
Fernie had most of the play and defeated Coal 1 Creek 2—0. ' Hard,lines,'
boys.      .    y "    •      "7 _■_._'-  -
Coleman;F. C.have' notified the
secretary of Coal Creek F. C. tliat
they will come to Coal Creek.on Monday, September 2nd, to play the replay
tie for the Miitz'Cup. Watch,the
bills this week-end.' .-"'-•
V There',was a "runaway of railroad
cars'1 In' the;'-yarcis here on Saturday
forenoon,' which caused damage' to the
scales iri Jhe bottom yard.,, ^ortunatfr^"^""^-"-^^ 'work -whne
ly the .track was clear, of men or it
might have had serious effects. The
wreckage gang put things,right ready
for Monday;, , My word, Jim,' a few
more experiences like that', and, you
can enter for a Marath'orn race.
Mr, and Mrs. H. Murray, of West
Fernie,.were*taking in the7sights of
this burg on Sunclay. 7 • .> 7.
" Tbe schools re-opened on' Monday
morning under the.princlpalship of^Mr
John Keough, who for the last-two
years has had charge of the. young
bloods in the intermediate school, that
place being now- occupied by Mr. Gray,
who hails from the land o' cakes and
leather. Miss Livingstone is still in
charge of the younger generation. .We,
wish them a'successful'career: ."
1 - Jack Cartmell arrived back in camp
from his■ old" home;,in.-■ Cumberland,
Eng.,. where he-has been' on a holiday .for some months! ' Things are
pretty, bum in England, says Jack.
'" Mrs.' Doctor Workman and - family
arrived "back',, from'the coast on Monday,,where'they'.have been' spending
a holiday—and dollars. _   '       , "   .
We hope' tlie weather 'will keep fine
for Sunday in order to allow-two am-'
yourself by' inches, "p'You are.overworked; you should-.take a. rest- .*„
• Paddy King, an old timer in the Pass'
arrived in- town-this week-.looking
for employment. The super has given
him a promise when the fan is fixed
up and in,going order.
'• No. 1 is still standing idle.'
William Ryan is'running a'delivery,
barn, and also doing some contaract-
ing. He drove Mr. aidney T*'omas
find family, and a few friend,, ontiast'
week to fishathe.turbulent, waters.of
North Fork in quest of the speckled-
btauties, but they did not bring back
any fishy stories, and landed back with
the' goods. They* are distributing
"them around to their fricuds^n town
Fred Moorhouse'has returned from a
tw 0 ' months .'vacation amongst his
family ln Novla Scoda. lie ls_r.o>v
following his usual ar-ip-ovmeat i-i the
miiie.       ' • ■   -
■President Clement Stubbs fine! \ itn-
President J. O. Tones have bi.en ylsi-
,tcr,-j this week. , ■ They aro/ looking
fine and as busy as twos lookins. after
the interests of tho num. 'They
have been taking n.n.t.e.'S up with the
mine manager, Mr. Brown, over work
morning'"and--a' large number, of child-'
reh" were present, Miss Berry and.'Miss
Moyer wei'e'.there to meet'their classes^-but the principal,.Mr.McKay, ,who
spent the holiday season .at his home
in New ,'Brunswick, will not're-open
his room .until September 3rd! as ho
cannot-arrive here before that date.
Miss Moyer, the new-teacher, arrived
from the East on ^Sunday'morning. -
Married ,"
At the Mothodlst Parsonage, > by
I^v. W. T. Young, on Saturday evening, Mr. Jean Furneau to Miss Louise
Guillon,' both. of Frank. , Wo - wish
them evory happiness In their married
life, y    \.
■ A,-number of men who work In tho
old niino wore idlo on' Monday.' ''.The
•electric pump got out of order, and
as a rosult tho water ,could not bo
kept down, y    .
'■ Mr. Lo ■ -Vino, who has been president of the Blairmoro Union for
soajo time, left last weok for Keglna.
Mr. Harry Roborts, who recently
passed his final exam, for lawyer, loft
on Thurtddy last for Calgary lo receive his dlplomn.
Miss McArthur, nurse nt tho hospital, loft horo for a throo wooks' holiday
which sho Is going to spend with hor
slstor In Calgary. '!
" Mrs, J, M. Windsor ls also holidaying In Calgary,
A.' Goyetto" and Sorgoant Bowors
wont to South Fork on Saturday, on ti
fishing tour.       , ,
Mr. nnd Mrs. L. W. Kribbs took a
holiday last wook, driving from horo
to Mlchol, and roport an oxcollent'
tlmo.
Ilov, J, Q, Horn pas, of Coloman, occupied tho pulpit of tho Mothodlst
Church on SimftRy last In lho absonco
of tho pastor.
Jack Stncli, bottor known as "Hod,"
finished his work as assistant bag-
gagomnn on Saturday last nnd loft for
othor regions.
Tho Biibjoct of noxt Sunday night's
sermon ln tho church In to bo "How
to got ahead of a mnn boforo ho gets
abend of you,"
The upstalri. of Mr. Krlbb's old
building Is to bo flttod up shortly and
Mr. Patmoro, of Blairmoro, will movo
Into It.
0, M. O'Tlrlnn, M.1».P„ 1ms hofln In
town sovoral dityif nnd spoko In front,
of tho Union a fow tlmos.   .
ut.. i»r_.i v»?   (»   «,  t,.*_.'V._i"'7!7.... j...^:.!.
ou rou _n_ wsln _s ■ of "Tills"" camp ToTake
their lady loves" on the long-talked ,)f"
drives. ' Oh, do be careful! y ' ■ .
, William Parratt and . Charlie' Le
.Marquant have left ■ the . employ,, of
Trites Woods,_and'have|gone to fields
and pastures new.' The'boys of the
club wish you.well. -• '"-      '    ;  : ',
The. summfr tournaments are in full
swing now at the Coal Creek Club,
The Board of Management decided* to
add the entrance fees to the'usual
prize for each event, thus Increasing
the value,of the prizes. „ - ' '
Archie Dick, foreman mechanic, is
away on a vacation down to his old
homo. .    '
„ The stork paid a visit ' to Frcncn
Camp on Tuesday,. leaving > son to
Mr and Mrs. George, Monks. . Mother
nnd "son doing well; George happy.
Tho section gang nro quite busy
those days making a new platform ut
the remainder." of the men were on
strike. ,( I believe they-have settled
the'agreement satisfactorily to "tho-
men-who were working on the .construction work. .' ,\
/School trustee election took place at
the school-on 17th August, Mr. *Long
being nominated arid'elected by accla-
riiation. Mr. Long'is manager of.the
Co-Operative Store and the' school
ratepayers believe him to be 7_m hon-
est.and^intelligent fellow.        ,■ '
The boys of Hillcrest Football team
(winners . of «■ the . Southern Alberta
Football League) are looking forward
to the medals, hoping-that the secretary of the league* will get busy, as'
J;here,isvgoing to be a. smoker ori the
17th. September .in f the Miners' Hall,
when we are expecting to-present the
boys with the'medalsv.and have a good
time.' .'' We have been promised the
best of talent ..for " singing and clog
dancing in the Pass "and everyone'is
invited to attend."' Admission 50c.   '■
We are pleased to see* the do'ctor" at
his post again.,! 7'-"\  ■■   ".        •-
David Cuiliman, from Pocahontus, is
visiting .some-of'his bid friends in
town"for a''few_jiays7and—wilLretui-n,
♦ -'>. ■ ' ♦
♦'  .      .BANKHEAD NOTES .♦
'♦  y , ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
... -   ' "-''-'-' ','«'■ °
The mines continue to w'ork'steadl-
lyVaud' many old faces are "returning
to- camp. - ■ '"
J. O. -Jones, Vice-President, was a
visitor here. • He attended-the Local
meeting and gave.a very interesting
address- ori labor matters.
" The school re-opened' on the 26th
and it will be a relief to most households. A change in the teaching staff
has taken place, Miss Norton, from
the Lille schools having charge, of the
high school department; Miss Walker,
from Estevan, Sask., has charge of
tho Intermediate grades, and Miss
Clay continues her duties in the primary department. , Sanitary improvements have been made during the
holidays, lavatories being re-modelled
and a drinking fountain installed.
Mrs. Stanford has , been - appointed
school janitor. '     ,     .
Quite a number'of the old bandsmen
have returned-and the band, is assuming its old style.;" Stay with U; Pete,
you are worthy of more support.   *
M. B. Embrie is back in camp again.
A concert was held in the Hall on
Thu'rsday,*,'22nd, inlaid of AH People's
Church. Mr! Guernsey.""was "In the
chair and an excellent programme was
rendered to a full hall.' ' Several tea'm-
loads' of "visitors came in from Banff.
. Tom Connors is looking forward to
a trip to the Old Country. Stay with'
the wagon, 'iom, lad,
, What's the matter with Banff Football team? , You are right, Dick, th'ey
are poor sports. ' , >
0 MOst of'the residents talk of going to Calgary for Labor Day to take
in the Stampedei'    .   -7
W.e announce with regret the death
of John Peterson. \ John had been ill
for. several "months past and' died fn
the Brett "Hospital on. the 23rd. He
was buried by the Union on Sunday,
25th inst. "• A large riuriiber of Union
men and old-timers^attending the funeral.  -     ■,"'-'.*.       -, - 0
which is' giving - him• considerable
trouble.    \    77 -' -' 7   '    ■,.- .
Dr. Bell7of Passburg, was in town
ori'Thursday last.    -
The, Ramblers Club was away for a
ramble on" Saturday.. They went as
far as, "Lille.     •       "       _ •   >
The Bellevue footballers think that
Mr. Tom Crahan,is one of tbe best
sports in the_ Pass and wish there
were more like him.
Do you deal with "the Hillcrest Co-
Operative Store? If not, why not?
It is to your interest to do so;
There'Is quite a number of visitors
In Bellevue .these,days, and business
seems brisk. , .  _   .
Jack Mills was visiting in Blairmore
on Saturday on business.'
The Top Notcher is in town and
started- to work at Bellevue No. 1
Mine. He is renewing acquaintances
in Bellevue.     - \ -, -
.Willie Dunlap, an old-timer of the
Pass, ,was In town on Thursday last
on his way -to Calgary to take in the
sta'mpede in the early part of September. •
.William Chappell, senior, was , at
Michel ,011 Saturday, accompanied by
James Allsop, boosting tbeir team.   "
Mr.' George Hutton was in Michel
on Saturday on business'. 1
.The Bellevue Football team went
to Michel- on Saturday's passenger to
play the deciding,game for the'.C. N.
P. League. When they got there the
referee hadn't put in an appearance
and Michel wanted to pick the referee,
which caused a lot of bother. * Bellevue started to leave the-field, arid
then they consented to toss for it, and
,,11
Bellevue won the toss, and Blllie Connors was chosen. • The game started
and .there was'some good play all the
way through. Bellevue managed to
make a draw of,it„and by so   doing
on Saturday" "night on, the passenger.
Mr. Thomas-' Taylor, fire boss, paid
a visit -to Lumbrlck • last week ' to
visit some of his old frends. He had
a' good time, returning this weok.   ' "
J. S. Bowie'is kept.busy as teamster for the Co-Operative Society; They
are increasing in membership "every
month. . A'car of the very best potatoes arrived'in town last week'so that
everyone will be able to be supplied
by the' Co-Operative.' If any individual worker wants to be a member ,of
our society we shall be'pleased to/receive him. This society, ls ownod by
the, workingmen and managed by the
.workingmen for - the benefit of ■ tho
workingmen to cut out the middlemen.
Every union riian should be a..member 6f this Co-Operative Society,
"BELLEVUE NOTES
<£••«►<_► «►•"»♦♦ •*•
-_, —■*•-
they have won the C. N. P. League,"-,
being one point ahead of Michel, which
gives them the cup.        '
Quite a number , of   visitors have •l
been in Bellevue lately.     Some    of
them have come , to   stay.'' - Among ;
these are Mrs. James Radford* and
family   from    Springhill, N.' S.l who
have taken"   up    their residence at'
Maplo Leaf.    We hope that Mrs. Rad--  ,
ford will.like her new home. _ j!
" Miss Mclrwln was visiting in Cole-"
man on Saturday. - \ "-"
The Rev. W.-T.'Young was a visitor
in town on Friday. . .,
Miss  Ruby  Irwin  was. visiting  Jn ,
Blairmoro  ori   Monday  evening,  and
returned home by the local at night.
Mr. Davie Davidson was working in '
the lamphouse for a fow shifts last..
week, Louis ibelng In charge of tho
tipple. „._*-' ^     .'■
There is a slight epidemic of the
mumps   In 1town. -  Willie   Cousens1,
Albert Varley and Harry Shearer have  ,
been laid up for the last-week or so.
James Lindsay has been appointed
to his old job as tipple boss. Hel
started on his duties on Monday last'
, Mrs. George Davey, who has'been
visiting in Fernie for the past week,
returned home on Monday night's
local.      '' '   c       .
Miss Lydia Cooper,   who . has  been
visiting in Bellevue for the past two
weeks, the guest of Mr. Stephen Hum-,'
ble, returned home to Cowley on Sat- -
urday. '','". ■    ■?
.  The Rev.' W. Irwln leaves on Tuesday morning's train for" CIaresholm"e,.T
where he is attending a financial conference for the Alberta Mission work.
Additional Camp  News   on
pages 4 and 8   .
:. =1   7' ■
tho Conl Crook Depot, roplnclng the
old wooden one by one of ashes. The
Improvements will bo groatly, appreciated by tho troBldent8, especially tho
ladles. '
Mr. J. W. Bennett was up hero-on
business on Tuesday. Plonsod to seo
you looking so woll, William.
Mrs. DInsdalo and Mrs, Robert Hub-
bony,wero vIsltMig horo on Wednesday.
♦ .       HILLCRE8T NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
♦ COLEMAN   N0TE8       -   «•
♦ '      .     ♦
»■»»♦♦»»♦ ♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦»♦
Don't forgot to Rot jour tan on T.a.- |n f*w dflvn nf .nut vn>r}( on 1hMr rnni'h
bor Day. jnnnr TMnclwr Crook.
Any young ladles who doslro to soil     Rov, W, T. Young left on Tuesday
....__ __... ......._ .... ..   mornJnR.B tr„,n jor ciorosholm to attend a mooting of tho mombors of
tags on Labor Day should hand in
their namo to tho Uocrotnry, \V. Balderstone,
Note, you Hosmor, ladies, don't forgot, tho broad and bnbles on tabor
Day, ' Woven o'clock Is tho tlmo to
got nround,
Mr. Jarvlii, Mlko Sorkie and Jack
Lewis spent a fow dnys fishing up tho
.'.Ik Valley at thc hcKtnuli\j_ of tho
weok,
lul_iiu;_U-.-i..r'n.>tt.il M*ii..W Harries and Omanitor Lackey wore in
torn hiintlnff up non-unionists and.
wini'M it fftrr strflggtors. Pity thoy
had not a llttlo mont tlmo at tholr dl*
posx! to set ground tbew outside la-
Lwtc.a,
MnctPftrt rtWrW
Mr and Mrs. Francesco Macor, of
Wile, left last week for their old homo
In Italy,
Miss Wilson, of Ontario, nlnco of Mr
Wilson, our postmaster, spont a fow
days visiting hor uncle horo.
T.i« now lady school teacher, after
tenchlnn one day, <_am« to the ronclu-
ition thnt the waa not called to labor
amongi. us. and quit on Tuosday
morula %,
Mr. Graham, Inspector of cuitoms,
and his assistant, woro In town on
Tuesday, looking over tha   Customs
There should havo boon u kuiiio of
baseball this week, but to tholr surprise thoro was no baseball clothes to
bo fbund, A gontlomnn had borrowed tho clothos unknown to tho bnBO-
ball team. Thoy woro borrowed for
tho female sox to go out fishing at
N'd'Mh Fork, This Is not a flBh
Htory, but thoy brought a good supply
of fish back with thorn,
Mrs. Day, ownor of a large proporty In HUlcrost, sold out, tho buyer
bolng PathcY WntBon, who Intends to
tnko In boarders.
Mrs, Day paid a' visit In town
nmoitRRt hor friends .this weok. When
returning homo sho called at tho Co-
Operative, and bought a largo supply
ot groceries. Bho Is hooping n hoarding houso In Burmls nnd doing woll.
Adam Crulckshnnk.l blacksmith   at.
♦ lift   yMw^h    In   r*f*-*" *. "J        , '     f
nnd horw. (.onllnir nnd entppntry biv.V
noss. TT«. Is putting himself up n
tioautlful mansion In tho promising
part of the locality, surrounded bv
fir, troos.     Tho noxt thing ho wm
Wi tnVlrie to hirnuntt 1  ^»:y '■,^;-J:;-,--.
H(. Is often soon riding through tho
prosperous little'1 lown with a lady.
A certain young man from.Vova
S«Hla Is most Intelligent and has
gront sympathy for tho fomalo sex.
After ho has been tollng nil tho day In
tho mlno ho will visit a neighbor's
houso, and if the girl fa wnahlni. ho
will tako bold or the handle of the
wringing machln« and turn It for her
«<h.le the g«ta _ln!tti«<d with ber wjiiih
lng and after that wash np th«. crork-
«ry, to gel a stand-In with the ulrl.
Walter. It fa time yon took a tumble
to >f>ur»*lt.    Vo« are eertalntr WHIng
Tho mines were Idlo hero on Saturday owing to a scarcity of cars,
Tho Raymond Bell Opera Company,
which played hero for throo nights
last weolc, was a treat to theatregoers
ao thoy put oh tho best plays Oolcn.au
has seen for a long tlmo, Bill Graham, mnnugor of tho Opora House,
was lucky In ibooking such a good company, and wo hopo ho wlH book thorn
for tholr return through tho Vnss.
Mr. C. M. O'Brien was ln Colomnn
on Saturday, returning to Prank 00
tho I) o'clock train.
Mr.' Goorgo Hognn la visiting hln
parents, Mr and Mru. Itobort Hogan,
in Coloman for tho wook-ond,
Mr. John'NiihIi, of Klpp, Is Bpondlng
a fow days In Colomnn,'
Mr and Mrs. Van Dunkirk, and Miss
Clirlstlo Nicholson, of Fernio, wore
vlBltors In Colomnn for tho wook-ond,
Mrs. J, Lonshury and Mrs. II. Gates
woro visitors lo Lothbridgo Jast wook
renewing old acquaintances.
Mrs. David Stafford, of Phoenix, II,
C, la visiting her brother, Mr, Charles
Dunlap.
Miss .Margaret Porter and her sister
Helen, havo returned homo nftor
spending tho summer In Cnlgary.
Mr. Harry Doby has boon lnld up for
a weok with la grippe. Wo arc pleased to hoar ho Is Improving now.
A largo number of tho boya witness-
.n r.rnbiim'n Pool f..x>.r. cmj C-jjiij'jJ.'jj
evening by Prank Burns the champion ono-nrm pool player of the world,
floiim of the shots looked Impossible,
but ho enuld mnkr» thom nnsy,
Tl ,    ffr,.     M.     *' ■   .•    -       •   r-
chnngod pulpits with tho Ilov. Mr,
Bom pas on Sunday ovenlng.
Tho school re-oponod here on Monday. 26th Inst.
Miss Margaret Porter and her sister
Melon returned homo after upending
the summer in Calgary.
Miss Edith Connolly, of G.lllntrbft'm.
U vl*Hlng In torn, the guest of Misses
Anna and Nellie Gregory.
Mr. RoUri UcAmcH In <onnnc«.I to bis
home with la grip..*.
Mr. James Moor, tire hot*, in M«v
GIHmy Creek Coal and Coke' Co., ft
laytng titt through ateknegs, ,.
Mr.. Phillip Hart, the local butcher,
has sold.out his business to P. Burns
and Co., who took. charge on Monday
last.,'  • ' ,, -,.••'     -y   7    y ,,,;    "' -
Mr Jas..Ellison lias started to work
at Police Flats.   ''
' Mr. Johnson, the"'local carpenter, is
leaving with his wife and family In
a few days for Calgary. •'
The Bellevue Football team has an.
Invitation to Macieod on Labor Day to
take part, in the sports.
The, work on tho new bank is progressing vory favorably.
Mr, J. L. St. John, of Washington,
agent of the1 Cosmopolitan „ Magazine,
wns In town on business last week.
a 1    ■
William Rochester was slightly hurt
by a fall'of coal at Hillcrest 0^ Tuesday last. - He will bo ah right again
In a few days. 7
The Bollovuo Band went to DIalJ-
more to 'attend the funeral of a S'.'iv-
onlnn minor who got,killed nt the
mines by a fall of conl on Wednesday.
Algle Walsou got hurt on Tiiosday
while charging,his,motor. lie will
bo laid up for some time.
Mr and Mrs, - Burrows' llttlo boy,
Ray, wont through nn operation on
Thursday at the Bellovuo Hospital fo.'
nppondoi'cltls. Ilo is reported to bo
doing well.
Mr. A. Brucoy, of Fornlo, waa visiting In Bollovuo on 'Thursday l»»t.
Thoro was a minor slightly hurt In
No. 1 Mlno, llollovuo, on Wednesday.
Mr und Mrs. Mntoll woro visiting
ln Blairmoro on Thursday night,
Mr. William Goodwin gavo an nt
homo on Sundny last. IIo had'all hia
onlldi'oii and . grandchildren with
him for the dny. and thoy nil had 11
vory onjoyublo time.
Mr, A. Ooodwln lias purchased a
row at Pansburg   on    Monday Inni,
T\M. BURNETT
* 1, i 1 — 1 < f     '
-       '      « Dealer In.   *.
Dry Goods,    Boots & Shoes
^^'^^™Men'sT7urhisfiings y    ;
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
1 > 1   , -'     .     ..   _-.--'.■
Best   Goods   at   lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
Alta.
Wo have tho largost and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in tho'PtiHs,    Everything in
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited *
Phone 7      FRAN K, Alta.     P, O. Box 90
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.,,
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A, CLAIR ;-: Proprietor
. 11 ....
Hillcrest  Go-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries, Ttry Goods, and General  Merchandise
The People's Store
Owned by
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
Wc invito tlio inspection of (tlio
public to our stock which i« absolutely
iVo*»b mul r-hm.'c in vrwy \kivtivi\kiv.
We have one of the finest stores
in the Pass.
We are in every way suited to
supply the public with (juulity ^ooris
at living prices. Could you expect
moro ? IS
- '■' "S:Si
-^r--^--"^*-
:hbsbbsb^b»______
nan
Vfvj. .
_,1R --,
PAGE SIX
.THE^DISTRICT. LEDGER,; PERNIE,,; B} C.y ;AUGUST~3l£ 1912.
y ^--yV, ...ijy ;yy .,^,-y. ,-.  y.
'Ssy^^yyyy^yy^xsXsyyy
-.yvy.7" . >■-..;,-„ -yv^.^y ..,y;y.
7"7• " '^.*.-7  -  _„        '   "-v ..  •- „- -"-,-" "-, ,;*7 *-;--'- >.-"--'
■"-.y'y. - >o-:-'v Vy/y T.'.^V^y 7y'- v.
■ .-<_?.
Hell--The Hope of:
the Poor arid Low
"E'll be sqiiattin'on the coals,
Givin' drinks to pore damned souls;
An* I'U'get a swig in Hell from Gunga Din."  \
1   ,      —Barrack Room Ballads.
We confess that at first sight avc
had only a somewhat languid interest
in the announcement that a body
known as tlio International Bible Students' Association the other day at
Washington, D. 0.,, after an animated
discussion pro and con, decided that
hell and hell fire should be "repudiated." ' Just what status is left the
infernal regions by this resolution is
not easy to say. Some declared that
it was "obsolete," which would not
necessarily militate against its existence, but on the contrary might'rather seem to affirm it; others that it was
"unscriptural." but all'agreed in "repudiating it." However, iu this dis-,
tresslngly hot weather the question of
"to be or not. to be" as regards hell
might on the whole be thought superfluous, but things are not always what
they seem, and the proposed abolition
of Hell raises a most "serious question
indeed. There'is really much to be
said against sucli 'a radical^ proposition.
The reasoning of this body on the
question is, however, rather interesting. They "resolved" tha.t the vast
majority of ministers had already repudiated, hell, "but for supposedly
good reasons had neglected to inform
their congregations.", They agreed,
too, that "on this account thousands,
• if not tens of thousands, were being
"driven into scepticism or infidelity."
This statement of results, while in-
. teresting is besides a very ingenious
method of describing the aforesaid
vast majority of clergymen as knaves,
cowards and idiots, without actually
using those terms. These , men, we
are told, didn't believe in hell themselves, but for what seem to them
"good reasons" concealed their opinions from the congregations, thus,driving tens of thousands of them into
infidelity. Not a]very creditable tribute to the intelligence of the clergy,
we should. say, and certainly a sinister comment on their powers of
"reason." "..'.,.
The old'idea'that "the fear of Hell's
the    hangman's whip    to    hand" the
wretch in order" might have been ac-
^cWatS^rrough"in"xhe~a'ay.rtr^'.oi.by
Burns, - before ' capitalism  had   deve
loped its terrors on earth/ Today
however,'! it seems to have rather the
reverse effect, and the clergymen alluded to naturally failed to notice ttie
change in public*opinion on this oues:'
tion, as they usually do, boing always
a-couple of generations or so behind
the march of modern intellect.
■\Vhether commentators agree with
us or not, our own opinion as religious
editor of The Call is that Hell has
really undergone no essential change
of temperature—we have Scriptural
.authority for the' assertion—but'that
its terrors for tho multitude have been
largely modified by the entrance' and
development of capitalism as a successful rival and competitor. The experience of the masses with it hero on
earth incline them not only to largely
discount hell and its miseries, but to
assume that even if they went there
they could hope to make 'themselves
tolerably comfortable in comparison
with their experience in this present
vale of tears. In fact, the so-called
terrors of Hell arc tending to- become
a mild form of recreation 'and enter-,,
tainment—perhaps it>would be as yet
too much to say a beacon of hope In
the hereafter—for the proletariat de-'
veloped by our modern industrial system. A representation of the infernal regions at Coney Island has for
years past been immensely popular
with the multitude, and just recently
an enterprising firm' of Italian "cinematograph manufacturers, no doubt
sensing the change .in the., popular
mind, on this question, have just
staged in hundreds of vaudeville
houses a splendid representation of
scenes in Dante's Inferno from the
Dore pictures. The innovation has
proven an immense success and has
brought to hundreds of the, poor of
our great cities a temporary but none
the" less blessed relief- and forgetful-
ness .from the still more,awful hor-
rors of the outside world.
Attending one of these representations the other day, according to our
usual practise- of retirement for'the"
purpose of devout meditation and, soul
repose, as we were contemplating with
_fplrituaT~cb^pi-rc^c3r'Tiie_^ighTro£"ff'
horned legion' of active . find   intelli-
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found. In such a display of
Meats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, FiBh, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66
A Flash of
Lightning
la Just an likely to strlko
thn Iioiibo of tho uninsured
man ns tlmt of hla moro pro*
dont neighbor. No building
Ih Immune ,
Better Have
Us Insure
you and havo    a    lightning
tmubv rt.tuu.-tu iu tno iiuiiv),
'limn, .uu ucvu'ut vtuttj «yu>
tlmo thcru Ih a thuttilvrtitorn..
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
BarberShop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
1 i,
, Counter
Hazel wood Buttermilk
l      i        I     Ullll II     l   '   JMIHIII.H ■■ HI .Ml,, I i.j
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Wl. A,
Solo Agent for Fornio
ll
i
ASSAYER
E.   W.   W.DDOW80N, A*t»y_r and
temlst. Hot C 1101, KtUon, Jl,   C
*riM*.—Ootd. ftllwcr, -.«_.<_ or Copper,
Mob-    aeld<Hliv«r. or HIJv«r.Li*a.
.tt.    _{__1m« for fitfatr TneU_». ml,
Mount. Fireclay analyses on eppile**
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horsel for Sale,    $
buys Horse, on Commision    I
George Barton    Phone 78
THE PREMIER
FURNISHER ROOMS'
Evifry convenlsnci and comfort, just
llko bilno *t homo.  Ono block
from Post Office,  Contr*
illy located
H. A. WILKtt, •   ProprUtar
PELLAT AVE.    -    *    •    F&HN.t.
genf fiends, spearing.-a naked;, soul'
. v -: ■      - ■-.'> - "' . * -.' - '
through the waters of ,a pitch-black
pool, to .the-evident -'* mutual/ .enjoyment oi both, a "thnVfaced little ;boy,
shabbily-clad, who occupied the seat
next to us,' turn"edf to his 'fattieiy , on
whom .the'marks of7tbil.appeared,indelibly fixed, and piped1' up in a tone
of- rapturous delight, "Gee," pop,'but
that's great!- CBut," he .added in a
tone  'of ;mingled'' regret,  - desire
and. disappointment, -"There aint no
suchl,.place-as .thai..   is'Mhere, Pop?"
.The^father,'evidently resenting being
disturbed in his beatific contemplation
of the "inspiring scene, replied impatiently,'"Aw, shut up!   ,1 brought ye
in''here to have a good time, not; to
bother me with yer questions!"    ■'  ,
'   Our friends' bf     the International
Bible .Students',   Association, .„though"
perhaps one lap or so ahead of the
"vast majority of ministers" they alluded, to," are nevertheless themselves
considerably   behind   the   march -. of
modern thought on this subject.  Tliey
evidently believe that wo'are still. In
lho stage—reached a "generation or so"
ago—where hell is "repudiated"    on
nccount of Its supposed barbarity and
savagery, und that as it is no longer
a comparatively comfortable and' decent belief for a civilized.person, It is
therefore scorned and mocked at by,
the' multitude,, as n  terror' so., exaggerated as to appear  ridiculous and
Impossible.     They do not understand
that society is passing, if it, has not
already passed,' but of' that stage of
thought, and that   the   modern conception 'of Hell in  the  minds  of  a
growing  number  of  the .proletariat,
contrasted with existence under modern capitalism, is rapidly becoming a
tolerable,'if not "indeed a comfortable;'
one.     It is simply the swing of the
pendulum' backward to 'something re/
sembllng air older form   \ot" belief,'
minus the terror it once inspired?    >T
There is" indeed no reason why descriptions  of  the  torments   of 'Hell
should particularly affright the .modern wage- slave of today."7 The old-
time idea of the wage slave was tlmt
it was rather hard to be poor on earth
and go to hell afterwards,   but   that
opinion is now being rapidly,, modified
and revised with the1 spread of modern education.   In Hell, life is, according to the most reliable accounts, just
one damned thing after another, just
as it is under capitalism, with the difference in favor of the former that
the program' of   torments-.is   much
more extensive  and   diversified,v • and
variety, as"every^  one knows,, is  the,
spice of life.    Compared with the sordid, recurrent, dull   and ■ monotonous
torments^of capitalism,   I-IelF affords
almost a welcome change. ■'
There is nb such thing as chasing a
■juu~m—1 ifZLiyrH\j~\yul i y uig-^auuui-^lij\y-
wages, rent, or'the high'cost of. living,
and ,no apprehension whatever regarding'either fuel or ice. \Dante'i's
especially .strong on the ice supply of
the Inferno, and' when at the performance aforemontioned .pictures
were thrown on the screen representing "souls" buried up to the necks in
Immense Ice-fields, there was a; very
perceptible buzz bf approval and satisfaction from the spectators, who had
just come ln from a temperature bf
9S degreea on tho street outside. There
were, to-bo sure,-other "souls" represented as being incarcerated ln superheated graves or stone cells, from
which yellow flames of burning brim-
stono wero' intermittently""rising, .but
It didn't perceptibly faze the spectators, mtfst of whom had como from
tho sweltering tenements-of the congested districts, They know how }t
wrs theniBoJvek, and, while thoy may
have suspected'that the occupants of
tho burning ovens woro being somu-
what 'Inconvenienced by tho heat, still
tlio niaridi. of difference hetweon
their experiences was not sufficiently
groot to elicit cpmments of either p'ty
or dread.    t ■ ■ '•<'
And lt Is besides a cheering ami
Inspiring thought that the fuel and fee
supply of Iladen cnn novor'bo cornered by monopolists, but la hold in
perpetuity for tho common ubo of nil.
Nolther Goorgo P. Baer of tho Conl
Trust nor Wpsloy M. Olor of the Ico
Trust can lay their pious hands on
Iho supply. Thoy aro'eternally barred
ovon irom oiilrnnco, as thoy will have
to go to lioavcn and Btay thoro, Ihoro
bolng a grout gulf flxod between tlio
two places, which tho moBt persistent
monopolist ennnot possibly crosH.
Whlto disclaiming any purpose lo
wilfully oxoggornto or misrepresent
this matter, wo mny obnorvn thnt It la
not claimed thnt tlio working cIaha !h
ho unrenHOtinhlo n» to expect to find In
Hell all comforts nml conveniences already provided liqforchnm! for prna-
pcfltlvo patronn of tho establishment,
nut they nro,beginning to figure lt out
that If tholr labor nn this earth cnn
turn It Into n pnrnill«e for tholr exploiters, thnt willi equal dlllgonoo,
pornovoriinco'.nmJ Btrlct attention to
work they should ul loan! lie ablo lo
trnnHform Hell into a fairly toloriihlo
place of residence when working tlioro
of tlm Infernal 'rontons—which we
have nlliiiloil to above — nro well
known to bo so Immense as to he
practically li.oxliau»t!blo, and naturally they have never boon dovolopeil,
fl» no rjinitfillftt linn hn.l nrreuR thereto, nil of thoin without exception going to the other plnco—where* all the
gold Ih, by tlie byo-nml thus leaving
tlio Infernal regions free to tho proletariat. It will he readily perceived
therefore, thnt tho possibilities of tho
place Hr« realty Irnini-nsn, nnd the ub-
senco of capitalists, Instead of being
a drawback, Is. on tho contrary, rather
an alluring prospoct, so on tho wholo
the outlook Is by no meant «o dismal
at onco was thought, though to bo
mro tbo placo Is as yot unimproved,
and Quit* autceptibio of Improvement
io m piacUuUy unlimited extent.
TrkeX Tiircllltalilri
■-/ *:\ ,"    ''•.-,''' '-;"-" j   ',*■"/ ' '■
lis Economic Motives
■-••$}•
\i
1 -ry'
'"■•yy
.TH£WHireST.UlH!t|
' "Nations declare war aDd send forth',
their squadrons and" armies to destroy
the enemy,' as if to justifyjthe. constant
meeting, of international p,eacV conventions. '■< Indeed, if there were no .wars,
such .diplomatic congresses "would-be
useless-and unjustified; '-Perhaps, it
was "on1 'that. account. that-"/' England
started'war.against the-Boers on .the
eve of the. first peace congress'.,., uHii3-
sia took the;initiative'in tlie formation
of. the Hague conference. '. 'A sbort
time afterwards she robbed China- of
Manchuria with' the laudable purpose,
mayhap, of furnishingVsub.ect-mattf-r
for the deliberations bfi ttie conference.
From a. llko motive.' doubtless, Italy
undertook the war againts,Turkey.- Of
course, when we speak,bf war nowadays we do not mean to imply a contest, of arms' between forces of comparatively   equal   power!     Tlie   romance -of tlio /mailed knight battling
against'overwlielnili-g odds was wiped
out with the sponge   of ' ridicule - by.
Miguel de (Servantes Cnavedra'in "Pon
Quixote."11   The wars of today _ are'of
strong   against   weak1 nations, .-for
among the big nations affairs are adjusted without resort to arms or'international peace conferences, ' - Let
us, "then, put aside the sophistries of
diplomatic hyprocisy and-dig'into the
facts themselves.       y    _
".-The" relations   between . Italy , and
Turkey were'no better and "no worse
than-those which obtain between, all
countries.   . The  African   possessions
of Turkey- in the region' of Tripoli were
as legitimately acquired^as" those '.'"of
any other nation in the dark continent.
Indeed; they were ' iheld -.on ._'.better
ground than those of anyjother'Power
because'they had been'under Turkish
rule*for-a-much longer/time and because the customs and beliefs of the
inhabitants were more in"accord with
those of their, rulers.7'/There'was"nb
conflict of race and creed between" the
Turks  and their subjectsr-quite' ttie
reverse   of   Morocco,- for-   example,
where other nations have possessions!
How', then,"are-we to explain the Italian occupation of Tripoli in preference
i,other territory? ' Itr cannot, be^on
account , of'. its -nearness,  for' Tunis
is'.much nearer—only" a "cannon-shot
from ^Italy. .' Malta," which is part; of
the peninsula, is also nearer.. -' So is'
Corsica,'Which-is.bound to Italy historically and geographically: -On-the
opposite side.,;are Trent in the Austrian' Tyrol^ and-Trieste on the Adri;
"a ticTSe^arad joining'"'"'
tn&"^rovnrceT"dr
Venetia, both historically' Italian provinces, - Italian in language ' and customs, and Italian in'desire for" reunion
with the mother'country, as evidenced
by' the many pro-Italian disturbances
of their inhabitants. Is it because'
these one-time Italian provinces are Iii
the; control of a; nation - as strong as
or stronger than-Italy that Bhe renounces tier rights therein and submits to
their remaining under alien rule? At
any rate, this is not ,the' case with in-
vasiqn of Tripoli. . Italy did not dare
invade Turkey itself, but 'only a territory separated from Turkoy by the
sea;, and Italy dominates that sea. It
ls this, certainty bf control of the situa
tion, coupled withv the complacency of'
the other powers, which*, has" given'ttie'
soldiers and peninsular governors.the
scant "valor which \the,enterprlse.de-'
mands. If the .war had _to .be/carried
into Turkey itself, 'the'_ Italians <wou].d
have remained- at-home peacefully
chewing their pagnotta.-" They^would
not have become'such'mighty'patriots"
the. last of Europe who-forme_i.'an alliance' with the7hjstorically7hbstlie.
Austrian monarchy/ —'a''monarchy
which- they, hated' because' of its"
former domination^.of.Italy/and which
even yet holds territory which the" Italians consider a rightful part of their
fatherland. They would not" have
gone forth to try'tlie savage courage
of tho followers of. Mahomet:, >  ,--
It is not our intention, to uphold the
cause of Turkey nor' to defend • her
claims. Wo know full well that Tin1:
key. lives the.life of the past in a mix-
lure of races, a Bedlam of tribes that
-  _ V
are held in/check only.by thc utmost
rigor.;-The structure, of imperialism'
in Turkey has been crumbling for. four
centuries and its final disintegration
Is not far off.     This, slow decadence
Is eloquent <t of -a   former grandeur
whose majesty is\discernible in-the
venerable ruins, of aforetime—significant of tho decrepitude   which , ;has
taken the place of,the,youth-Ulnes8,of
bygone:days.   But the.decrepitude" of
the nation that now seeks to humble'
that ancient-land is, in some way,"even
more   pronounced.'    The  - Sardinian
monarctis, chiefs] of the political slav-
ery'ofttie Italian bourgeoisie, are very
much inferior jn'valor and heroism to
the decadent. Mussulman rulers. 7 Nb
one is more harrassed and riducled'jn,
Europe..than the House of. Savoy.,   \
Part'ot,the vesture _ of. their nation
ality, they^have left in the--clutching
fingers of other kings.   •' Of -the very,
soil in which their, monarchy .was cradled they retain 'only the name, for
the Duchy of. Savoy'was ,,,ceded .to
France in',.1860.> ,-They7ire'living and
ruling as1 exiles in an alien" territory.
On the other hand,- the^Turks, in^ spite'
of their decadence, still hold' the city-
that-bears the. name of Constantine
the Great".. Of the two decadencies one
is'  strong , enough, to   have . lasted
through ages in the midst"of disaster;
the other is-impotent" and degenerate
even 'tin its', establishment as' the re-,
presentative... of, _a ' monarchy which
ceased to'be the vassal of a/more puissant overlord of. ttie House bf BourbW
liiiin|j|||ji.Mi.|jA
vTfi
iftftMES
PERFECT
BAKING
RESULTS
CONTAINS^
NO ALUM
v.v.
MADEIN
CANAbA
BAKING
|f POWDER
EuW.OIUI^/TSl
003yri»JftL3SC_f|
IjIMITBD
TOR-OKTO f',0 NT.
tant party of the'old parties\wlth musketry. In a,dozen places they-shot
down ttie Garlbaldlan volunteers. To
"ttie number of one"'thousand they-betrayed unarmed men who attempted
tho almost, inconceivable enterprise of
going forth to < conquer a" kingdom of
seven.million Inhabitants in,order to
hand it "oyer to tho same House'of
Savoy 'whlcli sentenced them to death.
Many, of them were" executed' for, the
reason-that the. House of'.Savoy saw
in' them its'Vorst enemies', " .That
Spartan band was'dangerous-because
thoir hearts were wrapped up in the
flag, of"'48—the flag'-which floated a-
bovo" the/workers* fighting, for /their  ;
liberties in'the baricades7'-., • -"'
The/courage .of the Italian monarchs'
typified in theold-legend ofMezquine   ;
Guerino, is reducedto day to the lowest deplh/s.,   As if worn out' from killing "devlis, dragons,-and ghosts,-they  ",
have "turned on a weaker foe.    Gerino'
was'an Imaginary personagewliom tho
spinners of folk-lore invented to fight ■'
fantastic enemies as imaginary.as' the
hero himself.,' • But how the' Itallay
monarchy has a tangible fight on hand.
The folk-lore magics :'avail thorn not..,
-(Continued; on page 7);
xw. De"co"me"ine—spvereign-oi ~a"^gre7ur
country,and to'serve' the collective
master of .Capitalism.' , ' ■ . " . ■ •",.
.* Tho House'of Savoy became a .ruling power, in'the midst of corruption
and' cowardice. .It was founded, on
treachery against,a people who died
for a united.fatherland,' believing that
it, was to become a-cradle of justice
and, human liberty. .The Savoys conquered their country by betraying it.
Thoy entered .into treaties with Austria. They yielded to "Napoleon. Ill,,
to whom they made a gift of Nice and
Savoy. They condemned Giuseppe
Mazzihlt to death. - They sent assassins against Qarlbaldo, at Asprorabnte.
Thoy curbed the impulses of the mill-
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y, 7v/7:/WQSMER77/'/^y 7
INDUSTRIAL/ASSOCIATION.
Limited
Altogether, therefore, ,ln our capacity ns religious, journalist, wo bollevo it is no more than our solemn
and Christian duty to warn the International Bible Students' Association
that thoy aro making a most serious
mistake In "ropiullatlng" Hell, If by
that term thoy moan Its abolition. It
should suffice thorn for the prosont to
declare lt "obsolete," and.lot it go at
that. Tho masses, nro not prepared
for such1 a radical sweeping nway of
oiiu of their mont < cherished Inutl'ii-
tiur.8. cr ono whloh, moro eori-o.t!'y
fi.iof.kliiK, promlsoa to ho so rogardod
I: tlio roar futuro, • Thoy will not
hla nd for such Iconlclnsm, now tlu-.l
thoy 'ire discovering tho compo ,"i' l\ o
Bii]im,lof..ly of lloll ovor cnpitn'l i-n.
1'iul hnvo mndo up tholr minds Hut,
having no property.and therefore no
church ufflllntlonfl, thoy must oventu-
nlly In nil probnbillly tnko up tholr
nbodo tlioro. To cnll tlio plnco "ob*
soWo" nmy tlo no iiiirw, und purluips
llio uiu loi Sty of tlio prolotuiiut would
ngrco with iliom tlmt far, provided
thoy didn't go nny further In tholr
clinmcUirlzation or throaton to abolish
tho plnco nltogothcr,
It ulmply will not do to abolish JIoll,
now that if. Ib coming Into fnvor again,
and we hereby warn tho I, II, B. A. to
ro hIo.v boforo thoughtlossly dostroy-
lng wlint Ih rapidly hocomlng tlio only
hopo nnd consolation In tho horeaftor
for millions of tholr, fellow croaturos.
This Idea or 11 oil bolng such a barbarous nml torrlblo conception as, to r<nicl
tho mnjoi'lly of tho people Is now tho
roitlly "obHolcto" Idea, not the idea of
Hnll l.wplf
lint It Bfoms practically lmposalblo
for nn ndvnncod thoologlan llko our*
solves to bring tbo majority of-our
rt-liKiouH brethron.abreast with tho
host modorn thought on tills topic,
though we Mrlvrt tnwr so (.arnestly
willi tliom, Thoy sown dotormlncd to
lag behind nlmost, ono would think, as
a matter nf prlnclplo. It in most ox-
asperating. Think of IU A generation
or two ago, when capitalism wan loss
developed and Hell had consequently
mon. l«._rorn for tho multitude than
now and was beginning to be considered h really brutal and barbarous
conception, our 1.1). 8. A/a, and other
mIIrIous orthodox bodies, would simply Insist on bavins a literal IToIl and
damning those who ridiculed tho Idea.
Nov that tbe mtMta are becoming
HttoiE-t.ksd to it—by compailsoa wllU
the'earthly torment's of capitalism—
these same good, stupid people recklessly insist 'on abolishing it altogether. ' But 'twas ever thus., Always tho
religious thought of' 'the age; lags at,
thb tall'end of the procession. Thoy
might hnvo 'abolished Hell fifty yonrs
ago, when sentiment for Its abolition
waB. strong and pronounced, but. no;
thoy had to wait until sentlmont' had
again chnnged In its favor before thoy
wero rendy with their proposal for Us
abolition. ^It'a terribly provoking.
' Ono final suggestion and wo have
dono. ,' Not, Indood, that it Is likely
to bo accepted, but wo proffor It, In
any case, though wo sincerely hopo lt
mny not nltogothor prove a casting of
ponrls boforo swine, so to apbak.
Boforo the abolition of Hell. Is nt
all poBBlblo, Jt must'be resuscitated
ngnln in the minds of the mnssos, In
thh snmo form nnd concept In which
It exlstod among thorn a hundrod
years ago, Hut Its alleged terrors
can novor bo roatorcd whllo capitalism
exists and makes such terrors npponr
rntlior plonsnnt, by comparison, tot
us get rid of capitalism mm then Hell
will havo a chance to appear ugly, ro.
pululvo nnd torrlblo onco more, and
thon It can bo abolished by, unanimous
consent, with somo show of decency,
propriety nnd common son so and with
a dud recognition of tho noclnl, athlcal
and cultural needs of tho'tlmo. In
short, lot us hnvo Socialism,nnd Hell
will disappear both In this world and
the noxt, Aa it Is, wltti .capitalism In
■tho saddle nnd „ riding mankind, wo
have now perforce to cling to Hell, as
nt least a tolernhlo plnco of rofugn
nflor tho miseries of this world are
Ml behind,.
To sum up: We will swap Hell for
Socialism, If the I B. S. A. nnrccs
to the torma, lot thorn got husy nnd
help us mw)0|. cupitallvm out of 4h(s
world boloro Thoy talk of nbollahlng
Hell In tlio noxt. Othorwlso there's
nothing doing In the abolition lino.
Some good people soom to think thoy
can rob tho modern working class of
tholr vory Inst hopo and rofiigo with-
out giving thorn ttuytlilng In return.
Long ago they barred us out of
Ikavcn In favor uf tlio .tiiilUlU... who,
It appears, have a logltlmato property
Interest therein and support tbo
churches to mako thefr tlllo ctoar.
And now they want to abolish Hell
and tore ui no pUce to go, Are w«
golug to Btaad for It?~-N. V. Call. . .
a it
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Capital Subscribed
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HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO    ,,
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. 6,425,000.'    Total Assets ..,.';...     72,000,000
' D. R. WILlKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vleo-Pres,,
1  '," BRANCHE8.IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA '       •,
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l
Office. Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hourst 8.30 to 1; 12 to 6,
ALTA.
law
SdMM
thitl U
$m Rcwnrd, $100,
tm rwd. n el this r*vr win to riMMd m
tbfct tlMN I* «t IMK »• drM<IM dlMUM tltU •
hm tmn ihtu tn mim tn All IM «M«in. «n?T tl
Otunt.   IIaII'I Okiarrti Cur* It Hit wily rxmilvt
nt M« Mown U> Ui* «a«dl«U trtbtnlir' Uiurh
as » rMMiiuUflntl duru*. ftqalMi t, eofntita-
uantl uwitMUb   lUU'it UUilU Lm* to UtXai lu-
hS_VtOi yim»$wp tutBtiaimtmufl _
PttlMt
iMfJ&SiJW SS^'JSVSQffSSr *,w
 iO.ii itlib
°M   SmTf
M jo (untlr* vmtn U*. t__ty «(Ur
IMItn t* uy (ui UMt n UJH M
iNonuMUnunUli.      i
itunrT *co*t»i»*».o\    u
' is, ti*. '*
ruuwiwwUiMUoa.
B0K8TEIN i. MaoNBIL'
.i\
Barristers el Solicitors, Notaries, Ao.
Offices: Eckstein Building,
i. Fernie, B.C. ,
F. 0. Law*
Alex, l, Flshir
LAWK A FISHER
ATTQRNBTB
Fertile, fl. C
i^. "■Tfcjjv-,'
-4 ^
■fA
-»';Viy;
«•, •
y-j ■
^i'i>KS^.^ii
^y- ■
: ji-.
Vrt...
yyy
THE DISTRICT -LEDGER, FERNIEyB.-CJ AUGUST 31,1912^
<.-
The:
7 Only;
Genuine
■..;.!_:sv.t-<,,. ?■;
_Ov«.
.m
Beware of
Imitations
'*     >    ' v   y y N
Sold JoiTthtf
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
French?
--*-->.
One,of ->tiie,'
!B£iii..
'i-
i:\
f j I .
fassbiirg
:/Z
. 'You're always welcome here:
Clean Rooms, Best of
■f, Food"1 and every
■"■ attention   ' .V"-
C.nJ. ECKSTORM;     Prop.
. Lethbridge,' Alta.  ,
L E. McDonald
HORSESHOEING '
GENERAL    BLACKSMITHING
. s;. - and .   •    ■'-
CARRIAGE   BUILDING
' .        ...    -   . 7      -
Express and Delivery Wagon* a ,
y  Speciality  - ;
■;:
THOS: DUNCAN v>assburg:
p,
Wholesale-Liquor^ Dealer
Dry Goods,' Groceries, Boots and Shoes
7-.- ;, Gents'Furnishings. ,      ;  -
. •:' "   "    7-r. .'" " .-   -,_ - ■
,  BAKE JT. AVENJJE '
_:' BRANCH /AT- HOSMERi "b.C.
l^fe.f .-n.o-b/r'
:L^ E WING
[MACHINE
■ t    •<• , •    ". - • ■ . ■
1
.♦"♦••^ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ «- *> ♦
t
FRESH .-MJLK,
.,; delivered 7 to'. 'all
'   J 1     '       * ' *    1
'.* parts .of. the 'town'"
WM.     BARTON
Asrcnt   Fernie   Branch
. -    t • ,     '--'.
Pellatt    Ave.    North
»»^MMMMMf»¥¥ ¥» V»»¥¥»»¥»^»»
^. J. Cole
BELLEV'UE
!
Sanders & Verhae'st Brothers.
■,,.       Proprietors ''•
ers.' T
J
Southern
HOTEL
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
convenience
and
attention
Meals that tasto like
mother used to.cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor,
Hair Dressing
Pool.; *■' V
~ <, y l
Billiards y -
Cigars yv-yy
Tobaccos
Bowling Alley
Drop In
LES.ROCKFELLER   COMPROMIS
rj'DANS LE SCANDALE' POL|CIER
"- ..",        "    >    ?*.•'•    ;_■.%"---.,'". ,
/.-..'implication des Rockefeller^ dan's
l'affaire spandaleuse/de' la police de
Neyr ".York a produit dans', cot'to- ville
une sensation extraordinaire7,.1Pensez'
done! les Rockefeller des^cendits a
fle si, basses corapromissions!. Jde^ (milllonnalres, e'esta-dire des gens'qui ,'n'e
doivent frequenter que la 'hellej la se^
lecte et.vertueuse societe, -c'est' une
diffamation ont certainement pense la-
masse des tres nombreux 'qui, Jdans }a
bourgeoisie comme dans le,. peuple s'eV<
laissent Imposer par la-fortune etont
par un atavisme d'esclave'" l'habitude'
de mesurer'la valeur morale ;,des gens
a la grandeur de lOur capital:'
Tous ,ces gens'honne^es'habitues-a
life les journaux-suppor.es* par "les
Rockfeller et consorts "lie connaissont
de tous ces pairvenus de la fortune que
ce que leur en apprend la presse qu'ils
soutlennent de" leur dollars! a savoir
que ces rois de la finance,'sont les
blen.aiteurs de Thumanite et la providence dea pauvres par tout l'argent
qu'ils depensent dans le monde et les
oeilvres de blenfalsance qu'ils fondent
au profit' des.Indigents!!^en un mot ils
sont habitues" a regarder ces gens la
comme des demt dieux et heaucoup' 3e
pameralent d'aise s'ils pouyalent recel'
voir d'eux   un   salut amical,     Aussi
lorsque  les   conferenciers socialistes,
la presse so'cialiste. viennont leur de-
noncer.les* agissements _ malhonnetes,
criminels, crapuleux| de'ees gens-la, ils
hausseni les epaules,' orient a la'-ca-
lomnle.et deversent sur ceux qui ont
le. courage de vouloir , leud   oter -Je
bandeau qui les.empeche d'apercevolr
la yerlte, les injures dont leurs journaux abreuvent chaque jour les' sociallstes.     C'est pourquol   nous' voyons
'tous «ces pauvres    aveugles 'absolu-
ment atteres.lorsque quelques uns des
scaiida.es caches "accomplis   par   les
gens de la f'haute societe" eclatent au
grand jour et ,sbnt .forcement relates
par,   les -journaux capitalistes.'    La
comprbmission des rois •_ du : petrole
dans cette ignoble affaire,,,n'est' qu'
uue  preuve. salutaire' parm'i -tantL et
tant d'au, tres ■ caches et encore incon-'
huesqui yient "confirmer la corruption
du systeme" inique denoncee par les socialistes et vient mett're a jour, sans
gaze attenuarite. pour l'education'' de
ceux qui s'obstinent a ne pas entendre,
hTplaie purulente'dont doitmourir Ijj
vile ^et,' hautaine societe americaine
qui dirige le-peuple et qui deterininera
la mort du hon'teux-regime de Concussion qui nous' regit presentement.   '
da un "Libro azzur'ro, pubblicatdidal
ministro degli- est«ri "Grey, libro'che
Ba' prodotto in Inghil'terra un'indicible
iinpressione:'    •    -:,\.y , - 7' [
"Appena una tribu Indiana e con-
quistata diventa' 'proprieta' assoluta
dei vincitoriv Cosi^chiunque' tenti di
sfuggire  alia-' crudele  schiavitu e ai
costanti maltrattamehti che vengono
COLEMAN
' 1 '    'j. .1    '
Liquor Co.
■Wholosalo Dealers in -
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
X
List of Locals District 18
,,0. NAME 8EC. and Is, 0. ADDRE88
20   Jlnnlchond ]r, Whontloy, Danltliottd, Alia.
\\\ ,'?1BT1!, Cr00,c""" P-, Komp, Ooavior Crock, via Plnchor.    ,
.,,'.., IW",""     «. **.M,*U» u«'«vuo, i. rank, Altn..
041) unurmls  J. Mngilnll, Passburjr, Alta.
2227 Ifcfirbondalo........ J,  Mltcholl, carbondale, Coloman, AHa.
1887 l|nnmoro .,,.,',.,, N, »; Thiiohiile, Cnnmoro, AUtt,
2033 Wlolomnn,.,,,,;.,., W. Qrahanii Colomnn, Altn.
Afi^^    Wtl   . 1   ,„ *T_.      ...     .,
-■"»■ i,.^'-"*  "»    «< tumutii cortiui, ii.vi,
U26 U'Wnook Mlnos ....?. Kollyj Diamond City, Altn.
2178   linwoiid City Albort Sitfc, Dlnmond.City, Lothbridgo.
2314   llnilo Thos. Uphill, Komlo, n. G.
1263   jlnnk ; .,,. Jns, Konnody, Prnnk, Alta.     .
8407. .ltsmor ,W*. IlnldorBtono, Hosmor, 11, 0. ,
10B8   lfllcrost ll .;..'Oooriw  nnmhoron«h, Illllfiivst,' Alt.n.
574   ijlhbrldgo.,,,,.,. L, Mooro,   «04, akto«nthSLt North Uthbrldgo.
1180   nlthbrltlKO Collieries Prnnk TlnrlnjThnm, «<*«•',, vjn,, Klpp, Altn,
1233': nBlo  "W. L, Rvn'ns, Lille, Prank, AUa
f820   nploLoflf....... J. MngdnlJ, Pnssliurff, Altn.
£334   »Ahol, M. Biirrell, Mlohel, II. O.
I3S2  Passburg....  J. Mogdall. Panburg, Alta.
2589 .lioyal'Vl«w Thos. n. PI Bl_er,'fcoyal Collieries, Lethbridge, Alt*
I960  Taber...... A_ Pattsrao n, Tnbor, Alta.
•   102 7nbor,.,............ Jas. Wll son, TA6or, Alta.
-11
la-&reve^futu;re7__n7belT3T^ue
On lit dans'l'a "Province",de Mons:
On n'en parle ;guere;- mais oh se
prepare a- cette greve generale qui
eclatea certainement,-- si..- apres lh
verification des pouvoirs Levant les
Chambres, on n'aborde et(on'ne ro'soml
pas la question du S. TJ.'   ;.
Dans le'Centre, V pays de. Char-
leroi et le Borinage, le'icalme le plus
complet exlste actuellement. -Mala
quand on entend parer nos mlneurs,
leurs femmes, on est blentot edlfle,
C'est. le suffrage unlversel qu'll noua
faut, clamet-on'do toutes' parts. Et
pour l'avoir, nous nous priverons do
tout, nous imposeronsa nos hommes
toutos los privations colles'qul result-
ent dos grlllndes," des concours de'
pigeons, dos tirs a l'arc,' qu'ils almout
tant!,.
Lo, reformo electorale n'est pas dans
lea ideoa dos orateurs do meetings or-
tllnalres:: olio ost dans les deBldorala
do toils', ot c'est plutot la conscience
publlquo qui dlrlgo actuolloment los
hommes polttlques qui ont donno le.ir
adhesion a cetto reformo.
Quellos quo solo'nt les opinions plus.
on molns optlmiBtos ou passlmlstes, la
reformo du.S. U. seva prosontoo de-
vnnt lo pays., Quollou quqf solont los
attormolomonts du parti clerical, olio
dovm otro dlscutoo ot non pas ron.
voyoo mix cnlondos gi-ocquos, commo
certains   drolllers rospoinnt,'
81 un rofus' do dlfiqusHlon ost^oppooB
pnr lo gouvornoment, sl cclulsl otouffo
la prlso on consldorntlon do cotto ro>
forme, co sera lu grove genomic dans
tous nos ibasslns lioulllors, Cola no
fnll. 1'objot, d'nucun (loulo,
Qui aura vpulu co chomnso? Mnls
lo Bouvornpmont qui, griso d'uno vie-
tolro factlco et fruudulouso crolt pou-
voir nllor do 1'nviint ot protostor contro toutos bob promoBBos d'nvnnt lou
oloctloiis.
/.es oiivrloi-B, bI Bouvont friiBtos dnna
cotlo rovondlontlon, ■ no I'ontondont
lilua do 1'orolllo qu'on avait voulu its-
sourdlr, lis ontondent nllor do 1'av-
nut ot poussor dlroctomont mix reform-
ob qii'lln roolniiionl dopuls dps nnnoop.
Ln cltuntlon est grnvo. PnB do ra-
fornio, c'ost la «rovo nclinrnoo, Ronn.
rnlo, dflsnstrouso pour tous.
Noun nous bonioiiH 11 conslntor Ioh
tondnncoM, lor rcHultnts prohnblos,
mal« nos rosolKnomonts nous pormot-
tflnt i\o  rvnlrn  f\nn  i>nn«  ^v-T'r.yC.iM
pas
ponotror dos fnltn quo noun rnpporton-
Hnu lion do a'ondormlr sous lo mnnco-
minor du lmrlomontnrlsmo.
imposti aisuoi compagni, viene^con
1'aiutq stesso dei'magistrati.-ripreso e
giustiziato. Laflagellazione fino alia
morte e la pena' piu-comune.'piu del'
90 per cento dell'i'popolazione indi-
gena porta i'segni'-di orrlbili scudis-
ciate.       - .-.*    '   .     '"  '
"Negli accampaineriti visitati dal
console? generale inglese Roger Casement,' furone trovati pali, mblte forche
e una .vera schiera di flagellatori. Cen-
tinaiae centinaia'di quei disgraziati
venivano appiccati per i pedi alle'forche 0 legati con il capo all'ingiu ai.pall.
e pbi fustigati fino; a che perdessero i
sensl. Allora si concedeva loro un
breve riposo, si'faceva here loro qualche eccitante affinche rinvenlssero;
pol II supplizlo ricomlnciava finche il
corpo, rldotto ad "una solo plaga, non
dava piu segno dl vita.
"II terrore per 1 metodi degli agentl
della' Compagnla e giunto a. tal segno
che quando un ihdlano si accorge dl
non aver raccolttf la quantlta di cauc-
ciu che la Compagnla pretende, sl
getta spontaneamente a terra e atten-
de il'supplizlo.    '   . 1   7    - '      ''
"Innumerevoli sono gli indionlcro-
cifissi con il capo all'ingiu e lasciati
moire di fame. Innumerevoli sono
pure quelli bruciati; vivi sopra iin palo
dlnanzi a tuaao la'tribu. - • .,
- "La'crudelta degli agent! della-Compagnla,cbe sl'vantano dl aver.adottato
II motto "lasciare una traccla dietrb di
se," cioe seminare cadaverl dove pas-
§ano, era giunta.a-tal-segno da far
costruire delle case coltanto ,per .far
cadere a fucilate i muratori che Iavora-
vano,laggiu. Soltanto in questi ul-'
timi anni plu di 48 operai .vennero uc-
cisi dagli agentf dopo.l pranzo. ' E
quando tutti i-muratorl erano caduti
fulmlnati rotolando' insanguinatl glu
dai tetti, veniva- la volta delle loro
mogli e poi del bambini."        >    ./
Risulta inoltre dal rapporto del generale inglese che a Putumayo si sono
fatte saltare le cervella a moltlssimi
fanciulli, donne eragazzi. -Per puro'
divertimento si-tagliavano'le orecchie'
ai giovani, per fame poi dei bersagli
viventi. <-.---.
rv,In dodici anni almeno 30,000 persone sono- state massacrate e^^sono
morte in,.segulto, alle torture.^ Un
boliviano che aveva studiato in Inghil-
terra, tale Armando Normand, ora ri-
fugiato .si' Brasile, .a accusato ,di aver
fatto morire ■ -fra jindicibill tormenti
una_grand^qu_uitit¥"di7iFd_c«__r^gir
faceva inzuppare uomini e donne di
petrollo e'.po'l vi appiccaya7'il fuoco,
altri li.( faceva impiccare oppure tag-
Hare a pezzi. Un testimonlo ha dic-
hlarato 'che una volta questo Normand
avena fatto allineare cinque col.suo
fuclle li ucclse tutti con una palla
sola. ' ~   , .<>
Un agente della "Compagnla" aveva
organlzzato delle vere partite dl cac-
cla alhrindiano. Maltisslmi altri Im-
plegatl' minori e specalmente il cas-
slere Ponseca, avevano la pa'sslone del
tiro al.bersaglio vlvento'. Legavano
gll indlanl agll alherl e pol sparavano
su loro' sino a sazleth.—11 Lavoratori
Itallalno.   ,        •:  ■
Italy, has sent 1,700,000 emigrants to
Argentine alone, besides contributing
great additions to the ' population of
the United States, Brazil, Egypt,- Switzerland,' Southern 'Germany,' France, ^
etc. Take the case of Marseilles, for
example,.where as long ago- as the
year "1882 there were 76,000 Italians
as against-. 75,000 native Frenchmen.
It is any easy matter, then, to understand that the problem "of over-population is not > so much'an affair of life
and death as'to'make war an absolute,
necessity.'    , „   . - . ,      •'
"Even" without the easement of emigration ■ Italy could amply supply her
o^yn needs by bringing her arid and
semi-arid lands" under cultivation—an
achievement which .modern- agricultural science" has made practicable and
comparatively .easy. '''Instead of becoming a conqueror of other lands,
Italy herself 'is, In many respects, conquerable. Her internal problem remains pretty much the same, no matter -what new colonies she may acquire. Indeed, certain aspects of the
problem are only aggravated by emigration. In some instances the departure of her worldngmen for America
and the neighboring countries of Italy
has,produced truly disastrous results
which will take, many generations to
1 remedy.' /■    ' • <•_
The population of Italy has been
bled to excess. . As a consequence of
the tremendous emigration'which followed upon' tlie previous war of conquest in Abyssinia, towns of from 5,000
to 6,000 inhabitants were reduced to
1,000 and. even'.to 500, persons. " A
corresponding commercial - depression
ensured arid poverty became intensified. ' Granting that the present campaign prove successfu. in all "its plans'
and that emigration can be diverted
into Tripoli—a somewhat unlikely
thing—what, would /happen? Many'
Italian towns'.wouM be depopulate! as?
if an earthquake had driven the people
forth and allowed' foxes, rabbits and
wolves to become masters of the
street.
Depopulation is enfeebling. It is a
morbid process; like a social anaemia
at work in the tissues of the country.
It spells 'decay% It is not merely an
effect of a "passing crisis,
PAGE SEVEN-
PR; FOWLER'S WILD STRAWBERRY
V: ■ y .Be sure to,guard against the ills of August'- '
'. . :yefhf-   They-come frequently with, change "
,ol food,-air and drinking water, causingd'read
summer complaint. „
Dr. Fpwler's Wild Strawberry
"v Is-a veritable life saver.    Relieves colic pains
..  .stops diarrhoea, and quiets abdominal pains!     '
A popular and effective   remedy. 7      ...
V 35 cents the bottle .
■ -  ■ ■* ;-'-  'ft v.
.« *.   - -.
"'-. .7..."
BleasdellV Drug Store
DRUGS Alp .STATIONERY^ FERNIE, B.C.
■vi It is in
reality the cause which fixes the crisis
and, makes it a permanent,thing.' It
means a ravaging and a wasting of the
best^on the face of the" earth—man
himself. '^Nevertheless, every, tend-'
ency of Italian policy lias been toward
a hastening of, this ravage, a despoiling
of ,the national body, of its mosl* precious, element. It must, be evident to.
the most thick-witted that the sons of
Italy are held iri little esteem by heir
own fatherland.,.Otherwise they would
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money .to Loan on first class Business and Residential property    ,.
*
Italian
QUI   8PAV8NTEVOlil   8I8TEMATICI
DEUTTI DEI "CIVIUZZATORI."
hantu non ha (mmaglnalo lormcml
plu'forocl dl qnolll cho la "ComimKnla
poruvlanna del cauculu" (lu tpiiilo vl-
covorsa, « iriRJoio) npp||c» tranqullla-
mento *d In tnlntorrottamcnto al pov.
ori Indlnnl dl Putiimavo.
11 corrlapondcnto lontlinoiM) dnl "Ma-
tin" da aiilla barbarle con cui vt-nnono
»»*Tfrfr,if<j rjuflUij jjopotiwbul will   nl
.iov-TC-6i,OT^u oiuer counrries"in_sucir
layish abundance nor set as serfs "to
far-off capitalists ,;who receive them
with as small-a regard as their birthplace showed in casting, them off.
In his pamphlet, "L'Argentina a
L'Emigrazione Italina,", the first of a'
series of pamphlets dealing with Italian workingmen In foreign lands, 'the
well known syndicalist,, Alceste'de Am-
brls.'glves us a gruesomo picture of
the economic tragedies of emigration:
"No battle,'" he writes, "no war has
cost so many lives as tho peaceful con-
qtfest of the New World by European
laborers, chiefly Italians. 'The victims of this campaign of glory and suffering are not even so much as mentioned by namo. ■ Thoy have no statistics, ' Llko an immense army without
captains, tho hordes of emigrants pour
into now lands to fight a daily battle,
obscure, Incessant, torrlblo, against Impersonal nnd nnonjimous enemies who
lay in ambuBh for flK.li- coming and
declmnto thorn by exploitation. Who
will evpr count tho victims? Who
can toll what agony and havoc havo
heen wrought upon tlio wearisome
march of 'tho vntigunnl" Ignorant of
tholr glorious mission in tho endless
Plains and boundless rorostH of tlio
New World? Who cnn picture tho
fatalities Incident to opening now wn'yu
of cpmmorco Jn continental Kuropo,
northern .Africa, and tlio, Modltorran-
onii Orient?"
A thousand facts.sponlc to iis'of tho
urgent need wiilch' Italy has of con.
auorliiR her own country; of peopling
Hop own wnH!p.plftrpB; of tilling hor
own soil which, particularly in tho
■Mtith, Ih moHtly uticiiltlvatod; nf civi-
lining hor own unlives, hundreds of
tlioiisnndH or whom nro ns IriioituU
nnd Illiterate iih thn nntlvos of Africa!
of outahllBliIng moilnrn condition., of
llfo In hor own kind; of coiuiiiorlng In-
tollontiiniiy uiu honloH who HWni'm hor
own floldB, Inhiihlt her cltloH nml manorial piilnroH nnd Hlnvo for llio upiior
r.laHHOH of, noblofl, knlKhtH, polltlclnnii
nnd fiiiictlonarh.'ii. From ov<'iy an-
Wlo It Ih manlfcBt tlmt Italy oti«ht to
conquor mul clvlllzo hof own ncoplo
hi-foro atlomptlnK tlm num.. tnuk In n
forolgn land.
A fow conoroto oxampIcB will hear
out our ronton!Ion: In 11 country
whlrh propoHOB to clvlllzo pnrt of
Afrloa nud which dnoH not know how
to   IntroiHlco^^vlllMtio^   at   homo.
1 •'""   '■"'''   illlllliC'ipilllllOli     Willi
1m\i1  dvlnWmr  w:ii(.j"     i<r-    ..■.).. ,r
■        ... ... ... i ''.i-i I'll, lliiintilL
od wllh rollKlouB prnjiidlCflH nnd nntl-Iwatrv-clniu'lB whom rcfiiso of all klmlu
Mohainotnn IoroikIh, bo thnt wo mny lis thrown Into tho «nwt»; 1700 when*
La Fernie succursale della Tne
Canadian,Bank of Commerce 0 pronta
ad cmettero speclnli Vaglia dol Banco
di'Napol! l'quail sono onrantltl dal governo Itallano e vengono pagatl a qua-
IslasI ufflclo postale 0 alio princlpoll
bancho d'lt'alln, '-'     '   -
I Vaglla Bono emessl dlotro rlchlosta
sonza rltardo 0 costitulacono 11 mezzo
plu slcuro per spodlro il danni-o In Ita-
lla poicho vengono adoporatl larga-
monto per questo acopo . dagll oml-
grnatl Itallanl In tutto 11 mondo. Par-
tlcolarl 'plu flottagllatl circa 1 Biiddottl
Vaglla vongono datl dalla Pernio sue-
cursolo dolla Tho Canadian Rank of
Commorco 0 dn qunlBluBl.consllo Itallano.
The Qaajn Electric Co., Ltd.
,   Electrical  Engineers
.    Electrical Supplies & Fixtures .
Motors,
Generators
'& Vacuni,,.
Systems ;
V 1 j
Head Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
Branches . 7 -  '
Fernie & Medicine Hat
The Turco- ■
Italian, War
(Continned from pago fl)
No myBtlo powor lurka bolilnd tholr
hliuloB, In tho loRond, tho mythic an-
noBtor of tlio ldngB of Savoy alwayw
conquoroil. lint thoro Ih qulto a dir.
forofico'hotwfieii tho pohKIvciuohb of
tho vMorlCH of tho Icgorulnry Ouorlno
nnd tin, hiinilllatliiR dofontH which
Itnly mnt nt the lunula of Monellk, cm-
pnror of AbyBfilnln, In tho grim he-
entomb of Alibn-Carlma. Nor Ib It
wholly unllkoly that (llHnppolntmoiitB
will mar lho hopo of liierntlvo non-
qiiPHtB In llio land of. Mnhomot V.
Thoso (llgroBBlonit Into hUtory nro
fnv ititi l-mvnorm nf p»n1nlnlii>»' n-,
A nos hommoK pnlltiquofl do n« IthuBliiRin of nn tpnnrnm pooplo Imhn-
BaNKuw
of CANADA
; a^^^jssyBssjr,ssuod i,ayabi° anyw,,or° ih «*«*•
, foroignt^t^OrOdifc'88U011 Payab,° nnyWh0r° f"'JJ"r0^ "**
lhrim«?«f n^0"8 i?"ad«. fl'°m ft"y poinfc ,n 0ftnadft wllfir" ««wo Is a
branch of n Canadian Ohuirtorod Hunk.
, Savings nocounts received ab all Brunches of tho Homo Hanlc nnd
full compound interest paid.   Withdrawals forwarded l,v iniu on in
stniotlomi from tho Depositor, to any out-of-town nddroi.
< Notos diflcountod nnd advances mndo on'acceptable Huau'rILv
very tulstanoo, oonatatnit with sound |»nk!nff rratl     „l! id"   to
»     thoso engaged in farming, Industrial, iinnnoial and i,u-in«i ontorit,* '
TO ft O "NT TC\    BrnnchM aad connections
iUi\Ul\lU throughout Cannda
GENERAL
BANKING
BUSINESS
Head
Office
J. F, MAODONALD, Manaffor.
Pernio Branch.
PAY WHEN CURED
'  " K. TAKE ALL R.SI..B »
Sl.
fi^
Vv
T tU NrW bl,\M Tfnilmurl
lr
Tlmiifitii
OR PHOTOS USED WITHOUT WmTTCN CONSENT   «r j
NERVOUS DEBILITY
--. MJ_wii;. .1 mnn nm nmm.i!ly swept to a nwmi_tn»_. pr,.»*
.oro it l_ loa l_t«.
Kot Bomo llKht on tho political condi
tloiiB of Italy nnd tho oconomlo cnn boh
whlrh Imvfl hrnw-ht on thi» nvnootit w-ir
of rouqiiORt,
TI10H0 oauBOB nro manifold, Tho up-
parent cniiHOB wo Innvo to tho Italian
patriots who havo uiiilorliikon to malto
thfiin known to tho world. Im It ho
our tiuk to point out tho truo cauhom
v.hitli tin. piitilutH havo Ifcuaroil
through iKiiornnro or iIosIrii,
It iw not t.xm-1 \o Hay that thn Itnllnn pooplo nnod colonle* for tholr own
rxpanilon. Itnly U thickly populiit-
ed. It Ib truo; but nolglum, Rnulnnd,
ntc.,' nro moro ilonnoly populatrfd. Vol
ilia latter countries havo not oxpcrl-
sliced M> 1.1.UUUUU-. ui. *.inlKrniton nt
innocae, ropurnantl wrtlcolarl,, toltlj tholr pooplo an Italy,    Tn fifty yuan
broad Ib vory rnroly on ton j mr.R where
tlm peoplo novor hnvo nny mont; ono
ll'lltf'll    Wlllfl    f.n.....l,. in      .,
mauls to .Jinve. n phyHl(:lnii" for '"tho
poor who corn-rally dlo without modi-
enl AHDlatniiou; 27,803 undurpiouinl
dwoiliiiKB whoro nior»t than ano.fion por-
HoiiB llvo; nnd r.0,000 Hgtturo iiiIIoh or
torrltojy wllh 0,000.000 ponpln ron-
wtnnily oxpoBcil to tlio ravjiROH (if m 1-
Inrlo, 'Triico oach ono of thono mon-
KirriHltlMt to Um sotirco nnd you will
havo no difficulty In 'iindorBtnndlnit
thai, tho Itidian native* nr« mora In
neod of work* of civilization than tho
Biihjuetg of lho Hultan nnd tlio donl-
zmn of AbyBRlnla and tho Conito.-
'i'ri.ii»la»H» irorn hn Action Obr-.-ia
(Huono* Alr«»), ■.. ,.
f,       «_. iiuuili^il, ,....-.....Vu^,  l«„g  I....U.,,   J,-if U.MJ, »ofo  lUrwi
YOU     WILL
irj<»t-r Uii'w, wwik tiu'lf,
tutiu.ry,'
it'wilijii
'K\ t... 0 lUrvai, tie.
WRECK
cruwl iiulhua, w« will ZTfw iJJJ\fty '** *°U vt >u"r tanl
DrsIENNEOT&KENNEDY
Cor. Mirhl^n Ave, end Grlswold St., Detroit, Mick
JBTHOTiCE
•ee ns r*T.onally c-Ul at our U	
J^U^Joty for Ctiuduu Ln»i,K« only.   A.Mma all letter* u fc&.
DR5. KCNNCDY ^k KEIWEDV, Wind.or, 0«t
JffritufwmrvrtvrtigtMrtti. 7 PAGE EIGHT
, ,y~y. l-iy.'.--'-
7 y; ry^^in^^ -B)p^G^r:3i,-i9i2: ' .ySJIrS^ X'
Men's Departnient
,    NEGLIGEE SHIRTS
-A large range of patterns in. Negligee CoafSliirtsT
made from high grade cambrics,; ginghams, per-i.
cales and'piques; tailor made. '   Regular prices/
- $1.25, $1.50, $1.75.   Special, 95c.      - .   .-
Saturday,and Monday Only    ■ ".'
•  V.      'WORKING SHIRTS     .;   '
Here's a special opportunity for the working
man. -   Buy a "good supply of Shirts now and save
money. • , '..,'.
-Heavy Khaki-Twill, with collar; heavy Khaki
giatccn, with collar; heavy Brown Twill with fleece
lining, colar attached; heavy Brown Duck, witli collar. These lines nre well made, v good, roomy
Shirts, guaranteed by the Maker not to rip. Regular prices up to $1.50'.    Special, $1.00.  ■
.SWEATERS *
5
"We are sliowing the greatest range of Sweaters
■ to he found anywhere.   . We can supply your needs
in any style or color combination.  "
,,._    Every day,we_are,adding something"of interest7 .
■ .to our Jady"custori_ersc'in our;'Ready-t6-Wear De-7.
] .-pkrtmenty Our-aim is to get the best and yet liaye>;'
: Mt distinctive -from, anything, else;shown- in 'town. .-"•
-. ■. This is apparent at "once to.tliose who have inspect-.'
.ed the- fall goods already '-'displayed'in" our: ladies'.;   -
section. ', . ' 7'- ' 7   "'-' 7"l-"s '<\
:**
Dry Goods Department
Ladies' Leather &. Silk Belts
• A large assortment of Ladies' Belts in leather
and silk and ,, elastic; ■ various, colors.. Saturday
Special, 25c. each.
. Taffeta.Ribbon " )
Hair Ribbon in a good quality of Taffeta, 5 ins.
wide, in colors of navy, brown, grey, helio, black,
cardinal, sky, and, pink.   Special, 20c. yard.   "   -
„    Alarm Clocks      .
Tliis week we are offering a very special line of
.Alarm Clocks. ' Special, $1,00 each.' ,
Latest Style in Huts
Trimmed & Plain Shaybes
* -- • ^ \
7    Tretty litle ready-to-wear Hats in a variety 'of
colors and shapes.   All ,the very 'latest in every
case are here, and we can practically ..'guarantee a-
style for everyone that will be both distinctive and
becoming to the wearer. >
Our line in uhtrimmed shapes in beavers, felts,"
etc., is a very full one, and we have the necessary
^ mounts to make anyone of these a model different
'» from anything else shq,wn.   "       •   -   ,' . y\
Hisses' shapes in beaver' and felt' are also on
show in different styles and colorings, and with the
addition of the fancy mounts can easily be made   .
into very stylish hats and at a'.yery small cost.^
; are f^h^qud^UyuiyW.
.■y-xXXMs* i X: yyysyyyyx x^yyysyyyy^^yy yyyys yyyy£
r \ ",j   ■- .     i   *    -"r*"     • • j ,  y ,^'- i  y; k ^> >7*s *    f \ i' *■ v«",i-* »    ''""t-"*    ->» /   $"i** ~'\>. L-?t\v ^s -;.," *^r \v'.-
„    "y SCHOOL DAYS
V 'We, are" now prepared for''the'boy's needs in.
" every line.     Have you-got a good, strong,, stylish   -.
looking School Suit for your boy?    We have them
■; ranging in> price from $2.50 to $12.00.   Every Suit
is well made and of good material. ,    '   _ ■:■.
;,.;This/is the season when.most*3ressy-people feel'" •
...7 the 'necessity of .'a stylishly' tailored Suit^andi'we
-. 77 wish to' call, special attention'to' our Suits.' -. TWe
" : '--have never before been able to show such values asv
7we. can', this season.     Our- special,-'number, / we.'"
.' would'draw attention to'isln navy and black serge'
7 at $17.50 per Suit. .-These "are skilfully .tailored'"
and the coats are lined silk throughout./  The cloth.
used is the popular Cheviot all-wool scrge'in a good,
heavy, weight.   'These Suits are .unsurpassed for
;- value and the fit could not be beaten ii^ a ganneriy
at double the price. .. - ■"
$ - .H'
., in our^ .
^-.^Groicery ^Department
The Best Coats Made
Another shipment of Coats' arrived here. this ..
week. ', Space does,-not permit us to give details
,-bf all these garments,, but we can-guarantee that .■
, every garment, shown is in the very best style and ;
"materials to be obtained.    «We"have paid' much at-":
* , j," ~ i\ l.
tention to selecting a stock, in which every'size is .
adequately represented, that we have no hesitation
in saying we., can'fit practically any figure,      '   •   "-
i •      , ..   '"' '   "        - .
'     .   ' f. ..'■»'■   ■ ._,-■. v ,       i r.
Reduction in Men's and Women's Shoes
LADIES SHOES
A great clearing of Ladies' Shoes, Oxfords and
Slippers, will be made Saturday and Monday.-
These goods will be on display in our Ladies'Shoe'1
Department and will be 'sold for a song. Come
early if you want any of-'these, they won. t last'
'long.    . ■..'    •■•'•._<•'      "•       _-    , -
^RI^FES^
MEN'S PINE SHOES -      *"'
-   We have some odd lines of the celebrated Iiivic-
\ f      Iff. - 1 L.
' tus and Just Wright Shoe which we intend to clear
,    on Saturday; get in' on these if you/want a snap.
- ,,' These shoes are worth,$5.50, $6.00, and'$6.50, and'
will be sold while they last, at $4.50.y '  "  ':
Other makes ranging "from $5"00 to $5.50 will go'
■" at $5.do." \; ;   .-'*.. •* \   y •;   s
MEN'S HIGH-CUT SHOES & WORKING SHOES .
Pit Shoes we can supply in all styles and weights.
. Try our $2.75 and $3.00 lines, they are :the Mst' .
made.   -.".''_' ■ ■   7V '   .    .
■   Pit. Shoes""(not nailed) will be sold Saturday at
$1.50 and $1.75 to make room for-new lines.    This   '
-is a snap—don't fail to. see it.     •      ■i '    Qy- .'    .yl
'   High.'Cut Boots,-in the best'makes:" ,-
^Regular, $8.75.and $9.00 ...• ,...Special" $7.25'
Regular $6.5(K ....■.". 7. 17:'....'.Special   $5.00 -■
" Regular $5.75 .,.:.......'......;.-"...'. .Special' $4.50 7 '
yMS
' -?5''
"■•'' y-i''
'-/ .35 -'
•.20 '
.25 =
;    .40^
!-"'.25 ''
'." 7 /luxedo'BakiiigTowder';i6 oz?; 77.7. '.7.7':.
r ', Mrs. Stewart's'Liquid Bluing,'.2 for ..-17.'.
- Quaker Oats, 5 lb' pkg. with china ; .'."v.,',;
"Cream of ,Wheat,/2 pkg.'.;..-.;. :•...-.'. X.
."Cowan's Unsweetened'Chocolate,'% lb. .
, - lCowan's Cocoa,-.M; lb.I"'. ".y.XX.....
Lowney's Cocoa, lib,, . .7.7.-.\ .... .-■. 7 V.
Queen Quality Catsup," pts. ,.'.,...-: 77.',
Domestie Sardines, 6 for;*. .> «.'...,.    ".25"'"7
Bran, \per sack. .. s    . . , .$1.30;
,Shorts;per,sack   :...7'...::., ;.,;.7'7...'.$1.^5 .
Reliance Lime Juice, qts. .....';'...-. IS ...,    .40' 7
Veal Ham Loaf, 2 - for '7....-....... X.:;;...    .35' -
Pickles, '1 gal. sour  '. .....*.....    .85' |
., .Pickles, Queen Quality,'sour aiid chow,-20 bz.;,..25.'
-  Swift-s White>'Laundry Soap,(6,for';.-./...<, -.25, '
Baby.'s Own''Toilet Soap, per box : y..7'. .-yy   .30 y
Crowii .Starch, 2," pkg.' 7.......... X. ;7;.7'..: .15 y
. Wiite, (Grloss Laundryi Starch, 3 for '...!.. 7 ',-   .25: 7
' Special.Blerid Bulk Tea,-3 lb..for... y.'.-. .*. .$1.0CL;'.'
•   ''Marafat Peas, 2 pkg. for -. 1.'.v'.'
,'   English Malt-,Vinegar,'"qts.7i.-.. .yylll-.'lX..
-Sherriffs'. Raspberry Vinegar,, pis. .. .'• ,,
:{\ Sherriffs' Grape", Juice,, qts. .. .'■:.. I'S. ...ly.'.
' Fresli Cqjrrots, 15 lb. ....;..; ■.
-  ;'• Onions, -10 lb*"."- .. 7........1..:.V.  . \ 7--
,; 'Eggs! per doz. ■-..'.... y.V -;..." l\f. f
-.;. Lighthouse Cleanser, 4 for .-.'......;... y.,
Lux AVasliiiigSoap Flake, 3 pkg. for;.....
\y
* yi'..
y-y
;>v:
,-■«'
-Fresh Apples;--4 lb." for7;.
mite SvnnXeast,Cake,*6 forv-.\'
;25
""25..
.30
.W
.25
.25
/.30
\25
i
.25
.25
. .'25
Preserving Peaclj'es, Prunes. Plums-and Pears are,
now at their prime. -^Place your^prder- at .once
AVe have <just unloaded'" a car of 'choice- stuff at
•popular prices.-
Mr. and Mrs. J. R: Sloane have left
. for Victoria.
The Fernio Schools nre-opened ori
Monday last.
The new school addition is making
rapid headway,
A largo number of' people from
Fernie are going down to,the Stampede.
P. B. Robertson, of Mortlatch.Sask.,
ls tho new manager of the" local
branch of.the Bank of Hamilton.
' A meeting of tlio- City Council took
Place on Friday night last, when us-
ual routine business was transacted.
Ilov. A. F. Todd will occupy the pulpit of the Presbyterian Church next
Sunday, and the following Sundays* i.i
September..
Tho remains of tho Into Alex Mc-
Dougnl, who died on tho Otli Inst,
wbb burled from tho Catholic Church
on tho 20th IiiBt. Ilov. Fnthor Mlchol
coiiductlni. Uiu Horvlco. .
Tho young pooplo of lho ProBhyloiv
Ian Church will' hold n reception In
/'honor of the. lluv. A. F. im.l Jim. Todd,
und tlio public'....!.ol lunching staff, Jn
Knox Church, on Tiu-mlny oveni'm;,
September 3, at 8.3Q o'clock.
'■_ •
FRENCH—NORMAN
On Wednesday, August 28, - at the
home bf Mr. C. H. Skinner, Miss Pearl
Norman and Mr. Geo, TE. French
were united in matrimony by the Rev.
J.' F. Dimmlck. Miss Norman is a
niece of Mrs. C. H. Skinner.
THE ISIS
Fcrnieltes continue patronizing, this
popular plcturo house and still find the
pictures up to tho high standard set
by tho management, In addition to
this tho orchestra can always be rolled upon to render a first-clnss programme of music. Tho programme
for tonight, tomorrow mntineo and
evening is "Authors' Contest" (comedy), "Two Gay Boys" (comody), "The
Bandits of Topics'* (Western), "Nothing Shall Bo Hidden" (drama)..."The
Professor's Son" (drnmu., "Pictures-
quo'Brittany" (travel., und tho Animated Weekly.
The Hleel trusL for tho socond qiiur-
ter of 1012 "earned" a net dividend of
92fi,00O,00p0. It Is' a great thing to bo
ablo lo "onrn" a hundrod' million dollars a year without doing n*llck of
work, nml lho Republican party is to
be credited with tho wonderful financiering that permits It.
eii'V'.i.i'l'^jil&iiitf'ty
■l-7 7i;l;ii '.'i'!:.':;...';.*':: :!.i'£' ;;i:''""''^-1 -<-^^-^"---iji;;-:11;!;;;:^.-!.-?^;,?:*-,"J.-;:,sr;,";""f-r-i:li;i:':^"I;f'=ifl=!;;r:^;l
•:'.'. 'Ir'.'.i.ili'i.Hi.i-J'1 ':!i'\!|.,|.'-:i''7 \      V:|:_:_:_!.i.!.ii-i!i'i_:.!.!!'i:&_£f.:^
"'    ' . i- ...>. .,_ ... •■■■■-■ijA^^^a!i/i^Yk^^-%±
t* ;'' '.'lit
I
Pt
#y
r/.
Miss. SPOKANE
Baviies you io ilie
SPOKMEKFAIR
Set.i.^0.oOoi. 61912
^e Hand Empires Holidajr
] Seven c/qy& one/ &'x mdldstty
pe}tj(*nJinn nnr7 rmnrftomprri • •
Same/Amd /oMServgUmytMatj
RedudetPRothroysRated
.All members of the.Rebekah Society are requested'to be present at
the next" regular meeting on Sept, oth."
The carpenters' strike at Winnipeg
is about over, a wage of 5G, cents per
hour having .been established hy the
unions, with a 60-hour week.
The "hollo"' girls of Springfield ' to
thp number of 250 have organlzod and
have secured' recognition nnd a new
scale of wages and working condltonc.
Some peoplo think that holl Is a
myth, but thoy should withhold their
decision until 'England and Gormany
run their armies fnco to face, and turn
on the machine guns.—The Lodgo,
A pnpor nt Szatmar has beon euod
for libel, because tho makeup unfortunately misplaced a typo-llno, making
n marriage notice rend: "Ilonka'R, and
Valentin B, unnounco tholr marriage.
Follow \yorkmnn, Karl 11." His friends
Joked tho bridegroom so much about,
it. thPt ho hardly dared appear on tho
st roots.
The "LIvcr of Famous lOnglnoorH"
flays: "The first Gonrdlo lamp was
proved an to Its safety on Oot. 21 i
1815; M days aftor Stephenson's so>
ennd lump' was "slmllniiy tested nnd
found to bo not only uh wifo ns tho
first, but nho of "greater lllumlnntlng
power, On Nov. I), 18ir.( ihe flrHt
Davy lump Was Rhpwn In London, at:.
meeting of llvo lloynl Socloty."
VW» !• Bob.. I! CoUrofii. Jlafyr for Pwammi Lift **
tQitftrtitl J>)L\tyfifMmm Q0^i4kl^CQ__!*■*■ »-i_m !
ill
•rl:i'!l
TIiobo who fonr lho InroinlH of oil
on tho innrlcotjor coal will luivo lliolr
fears hoI, at roHt by llio root Hint tlio
worlil'H flhlpplng, h(i|f of which will
travnr»o tlio Pacific! occiim, comniinos
nnnunlly 75,000,000 tons of conl valued
nt over $250,000,000. Of this Japan
furnlflhoB 2,000,000, and Australia 1,.
000,000 tons, British Columbia, will.
Its ImmeiiHo coal rcsonrcon, cnu contro] tho conl trmlo of tlio Wostorn Pnc-
int.,  tiiiii.ii nniiUm UIU Ulltiro C0.l»lH .1
lli.v ccujIIjiwiI',- _..; Si/nh u,.J tiuull.
Amorica, oml <ho coal mining Industry
of this provlneo him thun nn Immon.o
nnd nurnirccl futuro liororo It'.—Tho
Loclgc..
0
I, William Dovoy. will pny $25.00 'o
anyono who can provo that I novor
voted n Soclnllift ticket.—Your* In tlio
fight, WM. DRVOV, 703, 7th Ave, 9„
GarripvNews
♦    ;
>, •■   "
'♦
♦
,. MICHEL
NOTES
♦
♦
i                       ^
Thomas Carklll, who 'for . tlie past
montli and a half has been around the
Nelson country returned to town Wednesday.'' ^ ''„_■,"
Tom MoGovorn and Bert Davis left
Tuesday morning for the head of Limo
nnd Ewlng Creeks for a months'' hunt.
At tho meeting of-Michel Local laBt
Sunday "• International' Organizer J.
W. Lackey, of Indiana, gavo an inter-
estlng sketch on tho West Virginia
and Alabama States/ showing how the
workors woro being treated on account
of tho disorganized condition ot tho
Districts, Afterwards International
Board Member Ilnnios gavo an ac,-
count'of affairs, In tills District.
Onco moro tho .wedding bolls will
soon .ring out, but lt won't bo In this
town uh tho contracting partloB havo
loft hero, and intend getting unltod in
another city. ' .
Mrs, J. Crlppon and family loft
ThurBdfiy i.\prnlnG, for Lethbridge,
whoro thoy will roBldo for "only a
short while,"
A largo number of men who wero
working for tlio Now Mlchol Sawmill
Company in tlio bush, quit this week.
No trouble to got mon If you pay a fair
day's wago aiid treat, thorn right.
J. Mnrsli and Harry Prior who laat.
Sunday took ono of Goorgo Fisher's
Wbh und drove to Fording River for a
day's flHliliig, lind tho'mlsfortuno to
lose tlm horso. Whon tlmo enmo lo
ho rot urn lng homo tho horso was not
to ho found. Thoy hnd to camp thoro
nil night, returning tlio following dny
very miic-h Hrcd wllh the long walk.
Wo lonni that «!nco then tho horso
hiiH boon found, much to tho relief nf
lho I'lHhnnncn, as they hnd visions
of hnvlms'tp pay for It.
Tlio footUll match botwoon Mlchol
iiikj Hellenic which was plnyod horo
u.i ...--.»i._i.i> i,m(, was wnat ono might
lorm "aw ex. itfng t!m«.~ coupled with
side]," issues, - such as prize fighting,
wrestling,; etc., 7,The spectators • had
their money's worth. The' hardest
worker*on the'field was the referee',
whose whole time was taken up trying
to satisfy .both sides. ' Tho game ended in a draw; no goals being scorod,
tliis making Bellevue the winners ,of
tho" League. -Allow us-to congratulate them, aslthey certainly deserved
to win.   .,' '■      ' '* •;..
Nothing has been heard of the report of Dr. LowlB T. Davis, sanitary
Inspector, Victoria; who was Bent up
hero by tho'Provincial Govornmont to
look Into tho sanitary conditions of
this camp, also to take note of where
tho Michel wator supply camo from.
As most everyono knows, tho biggest
supply of writer conies frojff UmJ Michel
Creole at a point about ono mllo1 and a
half abovo the town, and1 which Creek
(according to tlio medical men) is Infested with typhoid germB. And woll
It mny bo, what1 with the sweopago
of refuse from Crows Nost, that of
Corbln and tho lumbor camps situated
on its bank's and flowing into Its
WatorHj/what olso could bo expected?
Talcing Into consideration tho plentiful supply of pure wntor with which
this country abounds, and which could
bo oaully had hero with llu. oxpuudl-
tnro of a fow dollars, It surprises us
thnt the government' would nol, take
somo stopB to compel tho Company to
supply Its slaves with puro wator.
However, It scorns that tho,company's
Inloroat aro of moro concorn than tho
Hvoh of tho pooplo,   „
What with, tho lurpso nmount of typhoid caHos that this camp has hnd,
It's u wonder Hint tho population of
tho camp hns not been wiped out ot
oxlstanro.
Mrs. Jennings, tho wlfo of n lumbor
foromnn nt Rparwood. dlod horo this
wook from typholcj fovor. Much sympathy ls felt for the bereaved husband
nud family,
Mrs. Murphy nnd family left Tuesday night for tho East on a visit to
relations,
Olto'MHr Is solllnnr out him Intoreat
In tho Groat Northern Hotel to Hans
Wntcuor, tho genial station ngont of
Nuw Mlchol,    Otto Intends   leaving
on the first, of the coining, month for
the upper Elk, where ho Intends beating Teddy.Roosevclt's record as a hunter. Many are tho be'arB that have
already fallen to his^iiti—In Imagination.,' ,  ,      ',; ',   •      ■ ,
Richard Gasliill' returned Wednesday from the Yellowhoad Pass as work
up in that country at the.prlasent time
Is scarce.    .   ,      7   '- \yy •   ■
Joo Sommers, tho Alberni real estate agont, left on Thursday's locnl
for Calgary, whoro he Intends to-^~.
Look out for tho next issue of this
paper to seo what, ho'Intends to do.   ,
Nominations for DIstrct Officers will
take ijiac'c at tho noxt regular, meeting
of Mlcnol Local Union on Sunday, the
8th of September.
George Molkle, of tho Michel Reporter Ib quitting :t.ho business on account of ill-health, aiid on that account
la raffling off his plant. Thoso who
wish for tickets can havo same by
Lothbridgo, Alta. ' . '
applying to tho secretary of tho Miners' Union. ' •
Thomas Harries,' International
Board Member, nnd International Or-
ganlzor Lnckoy loave' for tlio Edmonton and Yolowhcnd Pass coalfields for
tho purpose of investigating conditions
also for tho ndvisublity of organizing
up thero,
Wo Inadvertently oinuilttcd to mention when publishing tho namcB nf
thoso who guvo pries to tho Mlchol
District Anglers Fishing Compotltlon,
thut of Mr. Audrow Kennedy.
FOR RENT
7    ' On Easy'-Terra's .  '.,    i
v In tho rising-town of Elko   X
RESTAURANT WITH BAKERY
Excellent frontage with two largos
windows, dining room, 'a  sitting-
room- and 3 good bedrooms.    7 A
.,,        , '        ... - . .    , i
Mrs. E. B. Holkrook
P.O. ELKO
Classified Ads.—Gent a Word
•' WANTED—A Genornl "Servant. Apply, to Mrs. A. C. LIphardt,
FOR SALU—Cornor Lot'30 x 120,,
with sufficient lumbor on property to
framo four-roomed houso; closo In;1
un oportunlty seldom mot with; J3G0
ensh, Ajlply, Wm. Dartdn, Singer
Agent. City. ■    '"
Meet Me af
the Roller Rink
PELLAT AVE.
GIH Wanted
WANTED  OOOD  OIRL  for
GENERAL     HOUSEWORK.
Apply to
Mr*. A. B. TRITES
1 Ladies, Attention!
Mrs. Colton' linn now on display her new lino of
FALL AND WINTER HATS
Af nny bemitiftil creations among tliem.    Sho ox-
tends a cordial invitation to all tho ladies.
MILLINERY PARLORS
Upstairs, LIphardt Block Fernie
PRIVATE  TUTOR' desires   pupils.-
for evenings and  Saturdays,     MlO"
montary and high school work. Mntho-
matlcs and science n speciality.    Ap-'
ply.W. GZ District Ledger	
FOR RALB. — Furnltur<\ Kltclion
Utensils, Ilaby ■ Sleigh', ■ lingllsh ilahy
H»'K«y. CroHseut Saw, Range, Hoator.
Floor Covering, otc. Apply residence,
Mr. Minus, McPhorHon Avo,        St-&
IIOU8B TO RKNT-Throo-roomod
Uoiiso'ln Wost Fornlo; rout |10. Apply toMoBCph I*. Allan,, i 3t-2
FUnNISIIBD OR UNFURNISHED
ROOMS TO LBT.--ono or two rooms
nnd kltclion: ovory convenience, Ap-
ply, Ledger Offlco. j)t.3
FOR BALlfl.—Convenient Cottngo In
Frohch Camp, Conl Crcoli; cheap tp
ready purchaser. Apply, O. «.| co.
District Lodger, '
euu bAi_fcr-,.\oi|.|,ulli, slx-roomod
J'4-_..,._4_*_-i,- wt» .Ul utf«J Ot ttfOUUll,  Willi-
In tltifon ml«ute« wall; from Vitals.
Kxeellent Ioo«tIon.f Apply, K. K„
District Ledger,
y/7,    im     y
ff^jS- -     , ^y     ,      Mi
\yy -y yy , kS  . A    MSyty
^,   «". <■■» 17?'    Ai     fyyyl1
.■.'>fc'r  -  f    'I   ty)      yf:i(? «'!i.*?.<;.;>*i.„
yy..,   r   *y, ylt:{  ' My??•%%'.y
■^w*«****^#**t»»K^'
: .;' x- --i y ; ■'' /vv-.,j-    i
L^M^niuouM l'i>*ttVOU,iiUi For
SbIo; termli roasonablo. Apply after
six, C.P.n. Co. Telegraph. G2-3t
This It what you tee
th4tf9 «v9ryy$v«nlne
CBRTIF1ED SIATERNITY NURSB'
doilres engagements, Apply P. O.
nor 1l>, or Mnr, Polfsrrf, Anmx.       3t
Poll flAl.ff.~.i»*K.fjfiy>o Airedale Terriers from flaunt Imported stock. W.
W. Parnoll, P«nil«, B. C. «•
TOR REKT—Slx-reomtd Gonertt**
blMklfoat*. Apply, Wis, Hist a*,.
Ltatfifty Atmbi., Aihmht.

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