You may notice some images loading slow across the Open Collections website. Thank you for your patience as we rebuild the cache to make images load faster.

BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1911-02-11

Item Metadata

Download

Media
disledfer-1.0308833.pdf
Metadata
JSON: disledfer-1.0308833.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308833-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308833-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308833-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308833-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308833-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308833-source.json
Full Text
disledfer-1.0308833-fulltext.txt
Citation
disledfer-1.0308833.ris

Full Text

 ^fl(mk^^y
i>19ll. "\
"-.VovincialjLibra,.,. jp r^-p
. .1
nf
Industrial Unity is Strength
..The.Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
Vol. VI., No. 28.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 11, 191.1.
$1.00 A YEAR.
y < YOUNG LAD FALLS
UNDER M.F.&M. TRAIN
MINERS AT FRANK ■•"•*.
NOT YET AT WORK
City 'Gqraeli Ar© Wamaiinig
FIRE CHIEF
15J0NES
More Pay for Firemen—
Force Increased but
Chief hasto Walk
„ Thursday's Council meeting commenced ' punctually at 8 o'clock, with
every one of the civic guardians comfortably seated in his appropriate armchair; also a goodly number of reputable citizens, including Chief of Police, Clerke. , ,*' ,
t   The minutes of theprevious meeting
-.were intoned by City Clerk Barclay
and duly approved.
T-he 13. C. underwriters sent'a communication expressing -willingness to
give credit, as a result' of the installation of the Gamewell Fire System,
. 2 1-2'on brie kand 5 per cent on frame.
Among the correspondence was .one
from the health department regarding
' the determination .that all who'' were
unable to show certificate that' they
had been dul 'yvacchiated within the
'past seven years would have to be re-
vaccinated. ' . ** . - "'
• * The estimates for ..school purposes
were submitted-which called for $14,000
for the current year. ""
■ Tliere were several ,'offers in reply
to the amount tliey would bid, for' tlie
'■ storm sewer and five alarm debentures
amounting lo' ?3_„500.- The' best'fig-
^_u'*-e-—was—97c-r7and—accrued—interests
ones to'suffer tbe grievous' loss of a
mothers' tender care, the eldest child
being but .three years old and the other
only made its entry upon life's
stngo a few days ago.
, The compatriots and friends of the
grief striken husband (.testified their
sympathy in-^the hour of "bereavement by attending iri.large numbers
at the funeral on Friday  (to-day).
Services were likewise held over the
remains of Homer, the son of Mr.
and Mrs. S. Rouleau. - The procession of the followers of both funerals
marched to the local cemetery* headed by the Fernie Band playing,music
appropriate to the occasion. .
oGeo. Thomson, of the ' undertaking
parlors, ■ superintended the funeral arrangements.   /
FRANK, Feb. 8.—Four hundred miners employed at the two mines of the
Canadian Coal Consolidated Company
here have quit work.' They claim that
the company are not holding to their
agreement by not paying the stipulated wages for work iiuwet places. The
miners refuse to return to, work until
the operators agree to pay the wages
settled upon in the agreement.' They
have not, however, declared" a formal
strike. *     . '
(Ed. Note.—The above is a -..clipping from The Lethbridge Herald, but
we have*, ho details on the subject.
Should they,,be forthcoming we will
acquaint our readers-of same through
these columns., ,** .    .
JOSEPH BLAKEMORE
MEETS HORRIBLE
DEATH TUESDAY
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ . * ♦
♦   SPECIAL   MASS   MEETING . ♦
♦
♦
SKATING CARNIVAL
. Joe Blakemore, a • youth of 16, employed as trapper at Coal Creek in attempting to alight from a box car attached to the 4'o'clock train on Tuesday, when opposite the water tank,
struck a bank of snow alongside tho
track, lost his balance, fell back and
was'.instantly crushed to death under
the' wheels of the train. *
The lad lives with his parents at Cokato, and it was to' save himself walking back 150 yards that caused him to
take the leap that resulted so disastrously.
;The inquest will take place to-night
(Fr day) at 7 p.m.
The funeral will start from the undertaking parlors of Thomson and Morrison at 3 p.m, Saturday proceeding to
the Baptist Church, where the Rev.
Thomson will preach the funeral sermon, thence to the cemetry. , The arrangements for burial, are under the
auspices of.Gladstone Local and all
members are requested to be in attenr
dance to pay the, last tribute of respect to a departed fellow worker.
All members of Gladstone ♦
Local No. 2314, are hereby re- ♦
quested to attend a special ♦
Mass Meeting to be held at ■ ♦
9.30 a.m. Saturday morning ♦
in the Miners' Opera House - ♦
Business of vital importance ♦
Creek members special trains
to be discussed. ♦
For the convenience of Coal   ♦
Creek members special train   ♦
will leave the Creek at 9 a.m.   ♦
DAVID REES Sec.   ♦
♦ ♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
THE   I.  V.  ASSOCIATION   SMOKER
A
nnan
t®§§x<&s&w®m
THE ROARIN' GAME
IS ON IN FERNIE
IN REAL EARNEST
It. was decided to postpone-the installation ofGameweliFire Alarm System
not more than 100 days. **
Dr.'Anderson, as Health Officer, undertakes to comply with' tho act in
the matter; of examination, of school*
children.- This act calls for one. examination'per annum. Ho will -in-
, elude this among hisi .luties without
making any 'charge therefor.  '   -
City Engineer Potter reported on tho
ways and means adopted by tho wator
department to prevent mischievous
youngsters from tampering with tho
wntor taps.     ,
It has been discovered that there
is n further shortage of $500 nnd that
thore is a likelihood of still further
shortage, to lio chnrgod as defalcation
of,tho lato.City Clerk Boulton. Application will be duly made upon tho
bonding company.
The motion for tho appropriation of
lho money for tlio school oxponsos was
„ T naspd wltiiot't dissent.     It was decided lo lay the account- of* J  L Mnrrl*
s.'ii ovor for further consideration.
Tho quofitlon of a 'iiinmiitlnod fnmlly
Tt   v.ns recommend**-.! thnt iho ''.Ity
Clork bo instructed to  poo that tho
' nocoRflttrios of life bo furnished to the
family,
A number of bills wero ordorod to
ho paid, ,;
Roport that tlie slaft o'f tho Five Department ho . numerically Increased
thnt tho remuneration of the volun*
loom bo moro than Is paid at prosont,
RoquoHt mado for tho purchaso of hose
and buggy for tho Flro Chief.     *"
Flro Chlof McDougall spoke of tho
difficulties In hooping mon whon tho
amount paid was bo small, and that
ho folt that unloss It was concodod ho
would hnvo hin forco demoralized.
TIarry Wllkos to ho ongngort at onco,
at a snlnry of $90 per month,
IncronfiOH (o start March'1st: Six volunteer.*, from $8 to $10; Tlruco, from
$10 lo $12; Chlof, from ?100 to $1115.
Thoso wore all granted.
Tho Wator and Proporly roportod
on tho quoBllon of Uiobo oulfildo lho
City limits who would ho willing lo
tnke nntl pay for the water,    It waB
rocommendod nnd paused   that   the
committee ho glvon further tlmo to ro*
port.
Tho .question of a tlocronuo In lho
wngon llHt of lho Wator Dopartmont
wns broached,
; -On Monday night the Ice Tabernacle
resounded with the mur-raur of many
voices, ■ th'e shouts and - laughter of
spectators as the different characters'
caricatured "made-their appearance in
the arena or. an attempt at disappearance oil the floor. : There was * the
usual.* motley, gathering of disguises
that attend these entertainments. One
-couple*Mvh"o~w'e"ntrhan"Qfiffi]and"oifered"
excellent material for a lengthy'dissertation, and a volume of moralising.
The Devil accompanied by Local Option or1 vice .versa was a' combination
that opens up.a wide,field for speculation.-but'as-it-might lead- to*'a lengthy controversy we • will let it drop
by quoting thb old*saying, "Tell a man
by^ the company he keeps," placing
the order of the two either with Local
Option keeping company with the Devil
or. the Devil keoping. company with
Local Option according to the whim
of the one placing the blame upon
whom ho deems guilty,
The sight of so mnny young people
as woll as some not s oybung enjoying themselves iiji the winter exorcise
tho bost answer to bo  mado • to
AN  EPISTLE FROM THE EAST
This week a lengthy communication was received from A. R. Kennedy
■whose combined vocational abilities
as linotypist and chorister, are too well
known throughout,the community for
any comment. ' . ,- ■
. Mr. Kennedy, states .'that he enjoyed
his Christmas holidays in . Guelph
■A\'irorT_rne'ilf""_fe^'ir(5arcI—artist, putting
down carpet and putting up stoves,
incidentally striking" his fingers as he
solemnly, chanted''"I wish I was- single again." It was his* intention of
visiting Toronto tho'Gopd, but man pro
poses/and the'C. P.. ll".- freight department disposes, consequent upon the
receipt of a shipment of Fernie men-
entoes fn the. shape of the household
"Lares and Penates.' lie reports having met,several former Fernicites and
mentions' Liphardt and Thrasher, tlio
latter was formerly In the employ of
our local phnrniiclst. N. E. Suddaby.  .
is
those who consider tho Canadian cll-
mnto as a drawback. ' Instend of making excuses for tho rigors of tho Bon-
son ought to regard tho opportunities to indulge In Ico sport as an as-
sot' of incalculable valuo in the upbuilding of the bono and - muscle of
tho rising genorntlon, •
."There were signs of revelry'* by
night', on Wednesday in the.basement
of the Miners' Theatre when members
and the guests of the local,branch of
the Imperial Veterans' Association forgathered for a..convivial evening.
This society, of which we . have
made mention in previous issues, has
for its main object the assembling of
ex-soldiers and sailors, not as we understand it' with any ulterior military
object,'' but for such social interchange
as is .characteristic of all" men .who
have experienced kindred environments.   ■
The . stereotyped observations of a
foreign visitor to England that the
British -taken, even their pleasures
sadly would have been most emphatically contradicted" by a visit to this
gathering, as joviality and good fellowship were manifest,'throughout the entire entertainment/There were songs,
stories,.'"speeches, etc., to titillate
the mental tastes, of the gathering-and
the inner man was by no means overlooked, . ref i*-eshments_botli_liaulfi and.
solid being furnished.
One of'the features of the evening
most roundly applauded was' the rendition in a masterly manner of the regulation bugle calls.* Lieut.-Col. Mac-
. -. . -i :•    y
kay, su'ppb'retd by Lieut. Geo'.'''0'Brien
and Thomas Uphll officiated with a
most unique gavel. .* "■. ■ '*
, On-behalf of tho navy two ablo representatives, Townsend and Stevenson,, did yeoman services at tlie pumps
and received more* encores, testifying
The enthusiasts of the roarln' game
are enjoying the pleasures of a bonspiel this week in the Ice Tabernacle.
The mild weather prevailing has had a
bad effect on the rinks.
Tliere are . three rinks from Cranbrook, skipped by Judge P. E. Wilson,
George Hoggarth. It. E. Beattie.
It is expected that the showing of
all participants will take place tomorrow  (Saturday).
There are three competitions:   -
Fernie Club.
Grand Challenge (Fort Steele Brewery Co.)     ' ,
P. Burns and Co.
and the Elk Brewing, Co. furnish the
prizes for the consolation.
Semi-Finals, Fernie Club
Hoggarth vs. Adair.
,   Wilson vs. Beattie.
Grand Challenge    •
Adair vs. Beattie.
Olsen vs., Lyons.
P. Burn6 Co.
Beattie vs. Grant.
Hoggarth vs. Wilson.
SCIENTIFIC JOBBING
Mr. Charles Edward Russell,0 who
has been writing a series of articles on
"The power behind the republic," detailing the effect of modern business
in the .United States, concludes one of
his papers with, the following1 anecdote:  .
'And now I want to record the words
that were said to me on this _subje_ct
not mind, I will disguise under the
name of the Hot Muffin Trust, because
there is no need of unpleasantly distinguishing any one set of men. Of
this organization lhe whole history had
passed under his immediate notice so
that he told it very well. The organizers had come together and put
into n pool all their property 'tyorth
less than $2,000,000 worth of stock
and $10,000,000 worth of bonds* in the
amalgamated new company. The bonds
they had sold lo the public with 40
per cent of the stock, these securities
being equally a lien upon the enterprise with interest and dividends to be
dug out of the public*
• Later they added another establish-
•inent worth $1,000,000 and put ?l0,000,-
000 more of stock. They continued
to acquire establishments and to issue
stocks and bonds until they had a
capitalization of $100,000,000 on property that had previously been capitalized one-tenth that sum, and one the
increase they were taking profits from
the public.
When he had made an end of the
narrative I said: '
"You have told the story of the
Hot Muffin Trust which fell, under
your observation, but without knowing
it you have also told me the story of
the Cruller Trust and the ,Tin Horn
Trust, - with which I happen to be
equally  familiar."
"As a matter of fact," he said, "I
have told you the history of a,hundred.
Thoy are all alike.'
, "Now," _aid he, after a time, ".what
do you suppose will' be the outcome
if all this?'-     *      .
* i don't ki.ow " snid I. **I suppose
the process "... sc on as far as it can
and then stop." °        ,   _.
"Either one or two things," he.said.
"It will have to be' stopped pretty soon
or  we shall' have a  revolution."
'"A  physical   revolution—violence?"
"Exactly.   A  physical   revolution—
not long- ago by an American banker.
If I could tell you his name you would
give to this article an amount of attention I can never draw from you, because he is known in every corner of
this country as a man of millions and
an .-inheritor of millions.. We were
talking under "conditions ' that ' make
men frank and communicative; I mean
wo' met abroad in a strange country
when compatriots feel freer to talk to
one another than at homo.
' Thus , wo' were running on about,
capitalization and the banker told me
the story of a concern thai, if you do
HAVE YOU  ANYTHING TO SELL?
Settling Their Differences
Tho now bIotib, tho work of Artist,
Hamilton, now adorn tho bonutlful
building of Iho Homo llnnk of Cnnndn,
Saturday tho 18th, thoro will bo a
flmnlclnf*. concert*given In IhoMlnnrR*
Opora Houbo by tho Working Mon'B
Chih aiiij Jii&iitulo. Como umi enjoy
youn-olf.
NECROLOGV
February, r.~Pnlma HobbIo, Infant
k!..M|t,H.*c. u> J__ i,'.*** l,*xx*, Anion.*.
BobnIo,
February 7,—Lowon Hnlnburdn, a
naiivo of Jhimln, -fli yoaru of ano, of
piiotimonln; burled to-dny (Friday).
February 8-—Maria O. Campo»a, nRO
28 yoaru, wlfo of O, Campofln. Interred on tho 10th.
Fobrunry 8—Homor, Infant son of
Mr. nnd Mrs, Snm Tlnulrnii, nt>od fl 1-f!
month-**.    Hurled on tho 10th.
All of tho nbovo doeoriHod pemonfl
were members of tho Catholic fnith,
hence Father Mlchols, O.M.T., perform*
eel tho coromonloB of hiH church ovor
the departed.
The caao of Mm, Canipcnfa fa exceedingly nnd, ar sho loaves two littlo
It Ir nn old soying, and a vory truo
ono (and ln this respect lt differs from
most) that If *you havo anything -to
sell you miiBt "Cry it,"    Now the same
thing'applies to you—no matter what
you    havo   to    soil    or    exchange
you must cry it*—that la you must
ADVERTI8E   IT.   Whether  lt  be  a
lot on* Victoria Avonuo or a bull pup,
If you want to.sell lt and get YOUR
Prl-ce, you must Advertise.   You havo
something to noil, bo you Inform your
friends; now this Is tho vory worst
thing you can do, If you want to sell
nnd got your prlco, for you will find
that, most friends think you Bhould
bo only too plonRod to lot thom havo
tho honoflt of tho bargain,   Now, this
Ib not no with rognrd to advertising.
You  advortlHO your stovo and  Mrs,
Smith conioR around to hnvo a look.
Now you know Mrs, Smith porhaps
ns n pnflslrm nrqualntnnco, hut you
nro undor no obligation to hor nnd you
cnn Btato n fair prlco without foor
thnt sho Is lonlclnpt for a favor from
you.    And further you will havo many
many more cnlloru about your stovo.
You will not havo lo roly on Mra.
.fonoH who hut. promised to buy your
Rtovo, nnd Intnnda to nt 1I1UR price;
no, throiiKh lho niodlnm of your nd*
vortlsomont you will find Hint thoro
nro mnny pooplo requiring stoves, and
you will bo nblo to mako a fnlr bargain.   To lmvo mio cuntonior la right
enough, hut to lmvo a dozon moans
_ll.il    Jul.      ..511   itll.il-   L.U.1IW...CI     XlltU   id
rontXy nnd w.llli*lf» to 'pny the worth
of tho nrtlelo.
And think: What a risk foil run!
You Invent. 25c, In an advortliionient ln
tho DlHtrlct LodRor, amh 3,000 pooplo
aro Informed thut you aro flolllng!
liml "will irib.ni h JVi-cviiifi xo 51 tm 01
dollars!
Now what nbout thnt baby cnrrlaKO?
You will not want It again—woll, «o
you sny; nnd if you do It Is posolblo
that lt will havo hoon broken. Why
not try to oxchnnuo It, or sell It?
Again, those allocs you bounht—
thoy nro too small, nnd It Ib not tho
fhln-j to ohop your foot down to fit
tlio shoes. They arc an Rood ns new
—oxchnngo thom for something yon
want; Bomeboly will ho glad to got
ft pair of good boots chnap.
You must roaltzo that publicity
mean* a larger market, and n larger
market tucaiu a \>\ww ihU.*j. N'uw
Iff up to you. '
This Hoard of Conciliation, fov the purpose of
dolibornUnK upon' points of difference between
tho Crow's Nest Pnss Conl Co. and'its employees,
who ure members of District 18, U. M, W. of .A.,
started on Wednesday, the 8th inst., in the City
Council Chambers,
It was originally intended to hold tho session
months ago, but delays intervened to prevent'-
first sickness in the family of thc chairman, and
then on tho flth of December occurred thc terrible
Bellevuo' Disaster,.,oauHing a still further postponement.
Tho following gentlemen constitute the Board:
I. S, G. Van Wart, of Calgary, chairman; Clem
Stubbs, Vice-President of District 18, U. M. W.
of A., is looking after .tho interests of its momborH, and W. S. Lnno, of tho firm of Rons and
Tjnno is officiating on behalf of tho Conl Com
puny,
Tho first fjuestion in disputo brought up for
consideration was Unit of tlio charging of ratos
for special trains between Coal Creek and Fernio
furnished for tlio accomodation of members of
Gladstone Local No. 2U14, Among the witnesses
called lo testify in this ease are D. Rocs, ft. Dudley, A. Klauer, .Tno. Irvine, Tom AddiNon, .1." K.
' Smith, It. .1. Black, .Ihiiick Ashworth,
Tho ponlontion of I lie Coal Company is Unit
theso trains aro served nml moved by the Morris-
sey, Fornie and Michel Kuilway, a separate and,
subsidnry organization subject to the M. C. Railway Aet.
Tu December, 1009, an application for a tui-ilT
povorinc spofinl pnssoin-'ei' trains wns iiddvcsHi'd
tn .'Ilins'Nftf-'Pvs, Prpsldont of tho, M. F. nnd M.
who is nlso president of the C. N. P. C. Co., nnd
signed by Jamos Ashworth nnd Chnrlos Simist •■'.
As customary * in such cuscb a by-luw v/as
ilrnftoil fUnn wnn dntod Mnrch 11th 1*110\ to
lho effect thnt there should be tariff fixing
eortnin charges for train ^service, This was sub.
niittcd lo lho Lieutenant-Governor, and an order
in Council, dated Juno 10, endorsed tho by-law
which ber-amo operative immediately.
Tn addition to the witnesses already nnmed,
Charles Simister was summoned to appear Friday
and givo evidence.
In tho maj ter of the set! lenient of this dispute
District NTo. 18 has conclusively ^taMMied Ihe
fact that in prior disputes involving the M. F.
and M. railway tliat ibis is tlm firht iiihUm-u
where it has boon advanced by the'company as
n point of argument that.it was outside of the
jurisdiction-of the C. N. P. C. Co.     This phase
of the subject wos dwelt upon by tho advocate
for lhe men when tho contention of the company's representatives advanced as an argument
tlmt the matter should be submitted to thc M.
F. and M, officials.    To speak right out in court,
whilo tho railway company is called M. F. and
M., and tho Coal Company the Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Company, tho boards of directors are
nearly identical, ancl as proof of thc inconsistencies that tho policy of tho compnny is largely
one of "heads I win and tails you loso," iind
they suit tho evidence as*it best meets with their
wishes.     On a particular case wc will cito .another cause for dispute in which the Coal Com-
, pany and the M, F, and M. railway are claimed
to be practically thc same,    John Wilde has a
claim ,for compensation,     TTo loft thc employ,
ment of tho mino in Coal Creek nnd later-was
engaged in the ear shops of the M, F. and M.,
but in the calculation of lho amount to bo paid
for compensation, as it is more favorable io lhe
comimny to have the M, F, and M. and the (\
N. V, Coal Co, one and the name, Ihey do so unhesitatingly.
Athorton Oaso—David Alherlon was employed
as a motoniiiin prior to lhe making of the iigivi-
monl at 11 daily wage of* ((f.'l.flO.     The si-ale was
arranged for this position al 11 minimum of i|-2.7r-*,
Tn the milking of the agreement il was stipulated that where a higher rale had prevailed that
such higher payment should continue during llm
I1I0 ol |lie agreement so long as lliey wore cm-
ployed in tlie same position tor whieh tliey wem
receiving the higher rate.     Parsons and Gas-
kill nf Miehel are two other members of District
18 of similar slatus in so far as principle is in-
voived.      Hiey iiKi-wisi* rci-civcti 11 iiigncr rnii*
for oue month than the minimum called for in
tho agreement under the pit boss Knox, but he
(Kiiox) lefl Uie employ of tho company nud a reduction lo tho minimum was then paid, and the
rVimpatiy r-'fti'-.pd to .vn-.f-.iln tlm n-'timi**- nf flieir
own officinl—the pit boss.
As we go to press tlu* Hoard i« still 111 session.
AVe may say that in tho matter of the train
dispute I hat the charge to the compnny for train
service is $2.00 per dny and HOO f«r niiilil by
the M. V. and M. railway, and no •.hhio* I*«*»
Vipou mmle,
n"ioleTice'aira~uiooasirea^TircruaTiTca(ios"
in the streets.'
"Oh, come now," said ,1, 'you are
not serious. The- American people
are not that sort. .Thc'y haven't any
use for revolutions."
"Haven't they,' he said grimly, "well
thoy, vlll have when they wake up and
find'tliat all tholfrcsbiirces have been
seized by one, little group of men. I
guess they will have use enough for
revolutions when _ they begin lo get
hungry., The result of this capitalization is to increase poverty on one hand
nnd snporflnlly on, the other, >' You
can't keep that up very long without
raising trouble.'
"Well," I said, 'you nro a banker,*
about tlie last mnn In tho world I
should expect to hoar that f|;om,"
"So," snlil ho, "let me tell you that
for a long timo I hnvo not mot a man
of my own clnss who'did not tnko
prnctlcnlly tho snmo vlow. Ilo would
not publicly nclcnowlodgo It, neither
would I. nut among themselves thoy
don't hide their' convictions. Only
they think tho thing ia a far-off and
anothor generation will have to deal
with It, and I think it is close nt hand,
The procoss has beon greatly accolorn-
tod of Into. Every dny thoro Is moro
of It. Tho profits of those consolidations must ho Invested, and as thoy
aro Invested they produco more profits, nil going into tho same hands,
nnd In turn domnndlng moro Invest*
montH, You cnn hco whero this will
end,"
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
BELLEVUE ♦
DIVIDING THE
PROFITS
Crow's Nest Trading Go.
Gut a Melon For
Employees
The Crow's Nest Trading Co, Ltd.,
has inaugurated a semi-annual profit-
sharing plan amongst their employees.
During the iasi six month a little over
$G00 has been distributed; ' This
amount is over and above the profits
distributed to those employees already
holding stock in the company, of which
there are several.
In the letter of appreciation to tho
staff for past efforts, the company
state they look forward, with every
belief in its realization, to the bonus*
being largely increased in the. future.
The next distribution will be ■ in
August. " *    „
It may be mentioned that this firm *-
also enjoys the reputation,of paying
a scale' of wages, regardless of the profit-sharing feature,' that will compare'
favorably    with    those    that   obtain
throughout the district..  *
Ur. ,W.  G.  Barclay,   the  manager,
leaves' to-day for "Winnipeg.
_ Consequent.iipon the increase of this •
firm's*business "it   is   their intention*
nol. only to extend tho present building
_i____ercis&-lQ—take—measures— Iook»—-
ing to a still greater extension.
A    WARNING   TO    WORKINGMEN.
♦ Miners nre requested to stay   ♦
♦ away from  Bellevue as both   ♦
♦ mines are closed down    ,_.     ♦
♦ JAMES BURKE, Sec   ♦
♦ ■ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
A resolution wiih iiiirinlmniiHly piiflR-
on Sundny, Teh. fith, hy lie!Invito Local
No. ■1,11 U, M. W, ot A. expelling:
llnrry I.nliulu; iinllonnllly Oermnii,
ngo, llll; height R fl, -1 In.; welnlil ir.O
Ids., hnir, dnrk; nyr-H, grny. ,
niKllnctlvo tntii'kfl: Long inoiiHtnchn
l!olvjlIeNB. Stone, of the' Associated
Press, hap the following to say ,in
Leslie's Weekly:
- ■ * fn .India, in China and in Japan
wc- hnve tlie guests win havo enjoyed their hospitality, only'^to rise
in the morning and say to our hosts,
"You must not sit,at tablo with us.".
Believe.mo, this conditions cannot
endure. Politically, wo aro in grave
danger. Commercially, with their
industry and thoir frugality, they nre
fast outstripping us. Thoy hnvo
censed buying from tho Minneapolis mills, because thoy .are grinding
Indian nnd Mnncluirlnn wheat with
Chinese lnbor nl Woosmig. A lino
of ships Is running from tho Yellow
river to'Sen tlio, bringing VJ.ftOO tons
yonr of pig Iron innnufiicturcd at
Hankow, nud delivered, freight nnd
duty added, cheaper thnn wo cnn
produco It. In Cnwnporo, India,
with Amorlcnn ynclil'lory, thoy nro
mnklng shoes, so chonply that tho
■ mnnufnclurorB of Lynn cnn no longer
compete with thom. Tho cottons
and silk which wo 0110 tlmo soul;
from horo to Asia aro now made ln
.Tiipnn nnd China.
There you hnvo It. For somo tlmo
It. him boon known thnt lho cheapest
lnbor will bo brought to tho machine
or tho mnohlno will bo brought to tho
chenpest lnbor.
Whntovor mny ho Hnld about Asiatic
Immigration, it. is time that labor
wakes up nnd Informs itself ln roctard
to tho market for Ub commodity—
labor powor.
Labor Must Follow the Machlno
Tho grent est problem  will not bq
how tn keep forolgn  lnbor frony our
flhoroH, but how tn keop our labor from
forolgn flhoroH,
Vor In order lo llvo lnbor must «o
whoro Iho machine Is or slnrvn.
If workors Hlny horo llioy must ho
willing to tnko 11 wngo approximating
thnt   of  thn   workers  olHowhern.
Tho solution of lhe problem lies In
,,,..,    ...        „ lho worl-ei-H' owii-hhIiIp of tho mu«--
iind rnco deeply phtml with miinll pox j )||nn      Thoy  r(1||  ,,,„   „10  ,r„1(,|,ino
l wherever tlioy |iI<>iihi«, .
Morcovnr, tlioy will «oi  what they
Kxlinrtlng
tiinrkH.
f'nuso   of   oxphiHlnn
monoy for H-ociirliig Jobs,
Loiter from Hellm-ilo Locnl rocolvod
to-day (Friday) loo Into for biHorilou
In full, bin It will iippi-iir in next Issuo,
*l**£ii»#i'>j.4^
■ wM^y?'W^'~': *••' >. *'.H* '••■
,%■-, t:;ij: ■>„;■■  ,,,-t'r M
' f#^'^iJ'*'^^':^A^;:'l
nnd tlm iniichliiu produce, which Ih a
great abundance,
Wi*-* wnrn yiw, wnrhnrn., to gnt thin
clmir In your in I ml h, fur uiiIcsk you do
you will ho ilii ven from ouo country
to inioilicr in Hi'iircli of n livelihood,
nnd find iirmn.--( .ilcii(.o KocIiiIIhI.
BOX SOCIAL
l.ltlllLH     .....t'ltl.l.,     . .4/1 IK"    •*»«».    •"(     **lll
i'1'.-o n Imv yirV.. In nld ot Dw Orl-I
follow'** Uomo on Thurndny, Kohriinry
2!lrd In tho IC. I». Hull, Victoria Avonuo
AitinlFHinii 2iio. mihiiich nvfry vinltor
n u' opportunity of get I ing n box nnd
lho prlvllep.* of demolishing llm con-
U'lilH wnn 11 lnir dHinm-l. An cxn-.-
lont programnio of iMitfi'lnliiniciif will
IlkflWiHO ho provided ho thnt thoro will
bo food for tins* Intellect n« well iib for
tlm gnfltronninirnl organ*,
lleniombor tho dnto—21
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-»♦♦♦ ♦»♦»•»
♦ ♦
NOTICE TO MINERS ♦
l,
MIKE GORMAN, Jailer
♦ Alt miners wit! please stay ♦
♦ sway from   Bankhead    until ♦
♦ furthrr notice. No sesrelty ef ♦
♦ labor here. ♦
♦ P. WMEATLEV, Sec ♦
♦ ♦ PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 11, 1911.
* kkk*kkkkkkkknkkkkkk********rk*************k***kkkkkk
'%
"Wanted: A New
r* ***tt*n**tf *tf*tft-:tf***)-:****ii
f.*tf^****tt***t(>f********** ************
This article was written originally
for a magazine that invited contributions from people of varying opinione.
Apparently it proved too advanced to
be acceptable. Another illustrationn
of the fear and prejudice experienced
by our regular press.
Editor Canadian-Courier:
Sir,—I take it that any discussion
that you have in' • contemplation on
this subject throught your columns "is
on that must go down to the very first
principles of existing society," as J.
S. Mill said when reviewing a question bf like import. That you intend
that "the fundamental doctrines which
were assumed as incontestable by former generations are now put again
on their trial," as he further snid.
To place the consideration bf a new
national policy for Canada on a less
broad basis than that can but result
it seems to me, in futility, in the main.
However, to launch into a discussion
o on that basis involves a consideration
of all the steps in the evolution of the
human race by which it has reached
the social stage it is now in. ,It must
include,the history of the development
,fr_-"-i the savagery to barbarism, from
bt.il. a rism to civili/ntlon, nnd .from the
beginning of clvillzitinn down to the
present time. If society is not merely the creature of chance, theii, we
should endeavor to bring to bear on
our subject a knowledge of the influences of family, tribal, aiid'national relations; of the religious sentiment, of
"science and philosophy; particularly, a
knowledge of the Influence of the institution of private" property;, more
* particularly..-, knowledge of Dm infl-i-
o ence of the modes of production of
our material necessities during the
epochs of chattel slavery and of "feudalism"; and most particularly, a knowledge of the influence the system of
competition which has prevailed under
modern industrialism. Without this
knowledge" how can we presume to
forecast a program of justice?
As space is very limited, I will confine myself to emphasizing some of
the evils arising out of'the system of
competition and pointing out what I
conceive to be the. remedy. I make
no apology for treating the question
as an international one, as well as a
national. If Canada continues to develop as she is doing, along similar
Iwe¥^crfKat'"wlti7irii^_been_pufsued'
"by, other countries, she must, inevitably, develop kindred evils. If is we
are wise enough to profit Dy, experience cf others, to learn and apply the
lessons which 7 othor countries cnn
teach us, we may yet escape much of
a painful nature which older societies
are now battling with. I cannot, conceive of Canada developing any* Internal policy which shall not be Influenced by international considerations.
The tendency of the age is towards internationalism. This was well illustrated at the late World's Exposition
held at,St. Louis, where over one hundred and forty international congresses, covering nearly overy field of human activity met.
'Whnt is It thnt Is Inciting the unrest nmong tho toiling millions of ,(ho
world to-day? Xot only in backward
countries llko Russia, Portugnl, Spain
nnd 'Mexico, but in countries which wo
deem tho most progressive, in' Grent
Britnin, In Gormnny, In tho Unitod
states? What Is It that has incited
nnd foreod tho more progressive forcos
of Gront. Britain  to Join bnttlo with
the forces of reaction in the titanic
struggle now going on there? It is
that hundreds of thousands among
those millions become conscious that
under the system of competition, the
system of buying the cheapest and
selling in' the dearest market, they,
who have .nothing .to" sell but their labor-power," must always sell that power in competition with an ever present
army of starving unemployed. They
are realizing'their helplessness,' that
they are imprisoned in a, deaf, dead,
infinite injustice,' as in the accused
iron belly of a Phalaris' Bull!" And
every spark of manhood which has
not been crushed out Is' rising up in
revolt.
"Competition,is for.the people a system of extermination, Is the poor
man a member of society or an enemy
to it?    We ask for an answer.
"All around he finds the soil preoccupied. Can he cultivato the earth for
himself? No; for the right of theJirst
occupant has become n right of property. Can he gather the fruits which
the hand of God ripens on the path of
man? No; for, like the soil, the
fruits have been,appropriated. Can
he hunt or fish? No;,'for that is a
right which is dependent upon the
government. Can he draw water
from a spring enclosed in a field?
No; for the proprietor-of the field is,
in, virtue of his right to the field, pro-
proprietor of the fountain. Can he, dying of hunger and thirst, stretch out
his hand for the charity of his fellow-creatures? No; for there are
laws against2 begging. Can he, exhausted by fatigue, and without' a re-,
fuge, lie down to sleep upon the pavement of the streets? No; for there
are laws against vagabondage. Can
he, flying* from the cruel native land
where everything is denied him, seek
the means of living far from the place
where life was given him? No; for it
is not permitted to change your country except on certain conditions which
the poor man cannot fulfil.    «
"What then can the unhappy man
do? , He will say, 'I have" hands to
work with,.I have intelligence, I have
youth, I have strength, +ake all this
and in return give me a morsel of
bread.' This is what.the working men
do say. But even here the poor man
may be answered 7 have no work to
give you.'    What is he to do then?"
This was written over sixty years
ago by an eminent. Frenchman. It
might have been written to-day.
Competition breeds corruption among
the well-to-do. It leads to poverty
among the masses. And poverty is
the prolific source of disease and
crime.   ' But competition is the off-
TRADE  SCHOOLS
ANOTHER  STRIKE  ON
.    G. T. P. IS SPOKEN OF
Some of the Trainmen Will Make Proposals   for Another  Fight'for   -'
.   Recognition   of   Union     .
What Are
YOU Worth
From tho
NECK,
UP?
ltUe-ttl-nift.-tiltli.-t
the nvfi.ii.n .nun li
•worth %'i u dny from
fh«n«cli </••»'-_-wlint
U li« wi-tli from the
llfcll Ht>>
Thai depend* rii>
tlfvly mum tnilnlitu.
II you nro triiini-.Ii.f_
Ihul you nlrtn nml
Uu itt woiV -,<.'i mu
-worHi ten liini". n*
iiiii.li »>i Uu- num
wliii c.iti wnll. only
urt'lT onli'in,
Tlir. Inlttiulltnil
t6'fim»*ie«*itl it lit oil
V;o to II1* ninn vi.ioW
•»'r***.'_;.l*-,: i.|i,|ii* i.n
' kiiwil] t.iv mi'l Hiiy (,j
Iiim, We will trnln
yon for I.MilK-lsnii
ncht •»•.'<•. ii *ji*-i fif<\
01 wt. will fjiisillly
you In t lilm up 11
iiii'iti co_.__rr.ljk lino
tit wnrlt al t, _.__.<,-__,,
. *	
hverr montli »ov-
■* ,1 Vnt..*111 it "ii-
_!*-nll vnhtnmrlly
I. J■<■* 11 _» ll-**.*)  .'".rsf
r« Die direct r*?*iult
«*!! t*. f* 1_ _.:.*. i-i,*.
You __***•*_ not 1mv«i
your pton.ni wi.iii.
or vmir r>«n horn**,.
Mirfc tht* rmmon at
t/ijt,mii6iiiiiiin,
spring and .has been nurtured by the
institution of .private property.
Of what avail is it to lay more ca-
bles, to string more telegraphs, to build
more railways, to improve the methods
of manufacturing and farming, to bring under the domination of man newly discovered powers, if all must be, as
as we know It must under the present
system, to the advantage bf the House
of Have, of that 'invisible empire that
stands-, behind the powers that appear to bo the powers," as Prof. Jor-
Said Prof. Huxley: "If it Is true that
the increase of knowledge, the winning of.a greater domain over naturo
whicli is its consequence, and tho
wealth which follows, upon that domain nre to make no difference in tho
extent and intensity of want with Its
concomitant physical nnd moral degradation amongst tho masses of tho
people, I should hnll tho advent of
some kindly comot which would sweep
the whole affair nwny- ns a desirable
consummation,"
Of whnt avail cnn It. bo to tnlk platitudes about honesty, Irulli, nnd dignity ruling tho Individunl under a ays*
torn which offers every incentive to
dishonesty? Which In truth, places n
premium upon cunning Irlckory, fraud
nnd deceit? Which breeds, destitution nmong Iho masses? Which fills
c'tles with hungry Hchool chlldron?
Or Bonds Ihorivnt tondor ngo to toll
long hours dnlly? Which forces female laborers into tho factories wlillo
It turns multitudes of mon inlo tho
streets to Idle, bocnuse,.forsooth, their
labor power can ho purchiiHod moro
cheaply thnn that of mon? Which
develops swoat-BhopH? Whicli demands Ihnt thorn Hhnll nlwnys ho nn
nrmy of unemployed tn compoto for
iho Jobs nnd keep down wngos? Which
drive*.* wholo MiniloH of young kIi'Ih
Inlo llvos of Hhiimo? Which mnkos
pnsHlhln tho rich dobniichco nnd the
other Idle rich? Which hus develop-
thoHo vIcIoiih centres for gambling,
Hloek oxcliiiiiKos? Which lornplH
Htnl<»Binf.n? Which Iiiih broil polltlcnl
-niTiipllnii amongst hli*li nnd low?
Yon, ngniiiHt whoso Blinfts Iho very
piieHt of our cliiircliox nro not nlwnyu
proof,
I accept tho Iilcnl of your contributor, l'rof. A. B. Wllmoll; "Thnt ovory
mini, wiminii and child shrill bi> ilovol-
f oped incutnIly, morally nnd physlcnlly
1 to Mie giT-ntcf-. degree iionhIIiIo."   Wc
owe, nn im-mbon. of HOtlcty, no )e«n
The most important and the least
discussed matter before "the legislature of Massachusetts is that of trade
schools. It seems to be treated, by
most, citizens, with indifference. But
trade schools will be either a good
thing or a bad thing for our children
Indifference in such a matter is inexcusable. Above all things, .we must
guard the children. " To those who
have not, up to now, interested themselves in the matter the following suggestions may be of value.
Why not favor the trade schools?
Will it not help your boys and girls?
If Johnny or Willie or Bess can only
learn trades they will get bigger pay-
and be more independent than com.
mon laborers, won't they? And tbe
public school will help them, It
looks reasonable at the outset, but let
us look further.,
Mr. Draper put up his biggest fight
for trade schools. sir. Foss' in his
first'words as governor, promises to
carry the fight to a successful conclusion.
Do Harper ancl Foss lovo labor?
Go out to Hyde Park and' Hopedale
and judge by their deeds not by their
words on the political rostrum.
"Beware the Greeks bearing gifts."
When Foss and Draper favor some-
think that seems'good for labor, have
a care. It may only seem so.' Rest
assured that it is good for Foss .and
Draper and his class,   :*
Mr.-' Foss is in a hurry. "This
change' inour educational system must
come immediately—even at' the expense of academic work if necessary;
for our boys and girls on leaving
school must have some practical training which will make an honest livelihood possible."    '"   ,,,,        * .., ,
Let us' suggest to all these gentlemen who want to help, labor gain
an "honest ■livelihood" that they begin
in their own'shops. Cease firing every
man who talks.unionism. Establish
the union shop. After that the unions will help themselves to a little
of that "honest livelihood."
It is really no trick for a man, to
earn a honest*livelihood. The earning capacity of the average man under present conditions is about $10 a
day. ;; The hitch comes in getting it.
•• Let the schools teach why the work*-
ingman gets only a quarter of what
he earns. Let them teach how Draper,
Foss and their class how the workers
can get it all. Wouldn't that be practical education?
Go ask the stationary engineers
what trade schools have done for
them. They have overrun the labor
jnarket:___pr_oduced__n6.t_highly____ski.lIe:d_,
men but" a lot of cheap ones who can*
"get by'J; raised the wages of some
common laborers, but cut-down the
wages of many engineers.
Go ask the shoe workers, the telegraphers, the barbers..
. For some years high schools have'
had commercial courses, and there are
business colleges in abundance. * Has
this raised the standard of wages for
the bookkeeper and the stenographer?
It has enabled tho business man to
get skilled help In abundance and at
low wages.
And this is just what the .manufacturer wants in the industrial world—
an oversupply of skilled workmen.
And he wants tho public to furnish
the necessary training.
They want the public schools to
teach the boys and girls how to earn
more—for the bosses.
Thoy wnnt tho schools to glvo practical trnining.' Good Idea! But earning ono's brend and overalls Is not,
the only thing thnt mnkos lifo, .
Is not tho benring nud rearing of
children practical work? Is thoro
anything ijwro important, nnythlng requiring more (net, moro wisdom? Yet,
although the schools Ignore thin very
practical mnttor ,Mr. Foss Isn't con*
corned. It wouldn't help his class get
bigger dividends.
The cure of chlldron is moro lm-
porlnnt tlmn tho euro of lathes nnd
looms. Lot tho schools tench the
young men nnd women to bo good
parents,     That Is practical.
Lot tho schools tench loss dond Inn-
gunge, to ho sure; but,moro of tho
living fncts of tho past nnd tho'proBont
■—and some truth nbout the way.the
govornmont Is conducted—*thus fitting
1 hem to bo Intelligent citizens. Thut
Ih practical,
Tho wny the ninjnrlty of peoplo
Hpond their lolRiiro—|,ho boolcs, nnd
pnporf* thoy rend, the hIiowh they nt-
lond Iho folllPH nnd worse they prnc.
tlco—In ficiindiiloiiH, Uoro Is room for
Improvement in tho work of tho bcIiooI,
Let uh liuprovo tlio hcIiooIh, not do-
gruilo ihem to Hcrvo tho hcKIhIi pur*
poses of tbo nuiiiiifiictui'liig clnss. Let
iik nlin lo produco broad, cult 11 rod mon
imd women—-not nnrrow, Horvllo tools
of it iniiRler clnsn.
.Milium I trnln Ing lot uh lmvo, Thore
cnn hu 110 oducatlon without It. Vocational trnining Is niiotl.tr thing nl*
together. It precludes nil ronl nlurn-
lion. Tho dlfforonco Ih not ouo of
jnnmcR mcrely.biit ono thnt In of vnnt
TORONTO; Feb. 4—The members of
the Grand Trunk Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen will assemble in their
different headquarters along the line
of the entire system* on Sunday." The
meetings are, called for toe purpose
of considering* a proposition from their
committee as-regards tbe outcome, of
the* conference with Judge Barron. It
is understood that the men will be asked to agree without further conference
to a settlement in each case by Mr.
Hays. , The menc claim that this is
what they have been doing right along.
Some of the men will spring a proposition to be presented to the general of-,
ficers, viz.: . that "they will support
their members in another strike" to win
back their independence and the right
to be recognized on the G. T. R. system to the same extent that the men
are on the C. P. R."
REPORT THAT FINDINGS OF ARBITRATORS   WILL   BE   ACCEPTABLE TO BOTH. SIDES
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware bf
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
August C-ll.
TORONTO—Judge J. - McGlbbon,
Brampton, and,Messrs. T. W. .. Lee
and Fi H. McGuigan, the arbitrators
who are investigating the - difference
between the C.P. R. employees in the
West ancl the company, have about
completed their work' of taking evidence. There finding will not be for:
warded to*1 the government for two or
three days yet. The arbitrators decline to give anything out.- but it is
learned from another source that the
finding will be acceptable to both
sides, and that the employees' will .obtain aii increase.
U.
S. TROOPS  MAY
-,   ■ INVADE MEXICO
According to reports printed in the
TJ. S. press, the cabinet at Washington is.considerinq the question,pf preventing the rebels from bombarding the
town of Cuidad Juarez,across the Rio
Grande from El Paso.and troops may
be, despatched for that purpose.
What a howl would have gone up to
high heaven if any -European power
had contemplated * such a step when
the North and South were at variance.
The case is different now. We must
remember the* American is-the BIG
BROTHER _f all the South and Central American'republics and has large
property interests in the land of the'
Aztec. ' The "Little Brothers'" may
not like it- as in the Balmeceda incident, but MIGHT IS RIGHT, and it is
^ro"ng""When"ToTI^irthe~poweT^tO'on^
force.'
A GOOD CELLAR.
is ours; stocked with, the best, sellers in liquors. Buying good liquors
does not just happen by chance, but
it is by using experience and know-
* ledge of wha,t good.
WINES  AND  LIQUORS
should be, and by going where they
are sold. Our liquors, are.known
for their purity and satisfying qualities. We sell only in case lots, biit
■you will want that much, they are
so everlasting good. '
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel In East-Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
vO
Imperial Bank of Canada
'    ■■    '" HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO „    .
Capital Authorised ...7 $10,000,000.00.. Cap it a! Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital  Paid   Up   ......$5,575,000       Reserve Fund $5,575,000
D. R_ YVILKIE, President        .HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
. BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,'
,   Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. '
.' SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current, rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH ° GEO; I. B. BELL,'Manager
KENNEDY  &  MANGAN
^LUMBER LANDS
everywhere send'their best pro-
• , -* *■       o
duct here to help make up our
'v - well-chosen stock of
, BUILDING  MATERIALS.
.We can furnish you with    all •
kinds of finished.or rough lumber in the smallest quantities or
full carload lots.  * l
,; If you want to curb the ex-
'N pense,of building, get our prices
on all materials. *    '-**
OFFICE and YARD,   IWcPHERSON   AVE., OPP. Q.N., DEPOT,   FERNIE
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
0 Fernie,  B. C.
THE   LAST   HOPE
gress" of last summer, those who knew
Paul Singer began to fear that his
life was approaching its end. *
* Of his wealth he gave lavishly to the
party as, well as to charity. For Paul
Singer was not of those who refuse
aid to the submerged victims of capitalism because of their recognition
that ~such__aid cannot_change_the_vic-.
foi* Fall
I
ious system.' His heart beat warmly
for the helpless and downtrodden, and
his hand was ever ready to support
them. He was the moving spirit of
the Berlin asylum that has given free
shelter to thousands upon thousands
of unfortunates. In tho management
of this asylum, the man's practical
abilities as well as his'bold and aggressive spirit had occasion to assert
themselves, For when the police
began tp infest this institution with its
agents for the detection of criminals,
it was Paul Singer, who caused the
board of directors to issue an ultimatum to tho government that either the
police bo withdrawn or the doors of
tho asylum would bo closed. Tho
police were withdrawn.
Kindly to the/victims of social In-
justice, a faithful servant of the working clnss, over loynl to his comrades
In nmis, but an uncompromising too
of tho existing social order and an aggressive leader In every attack upon
the ruling classes—such wns Paul
Slngor, thocapltnliHI who turned Soelnllst because ho arrived nt tho conviction tha ttho cnpltollstic social "order deserved to bo overthrown and wns
doomed to bo overthrown,—Tho Now
York Call.
thnn Ihnt to each other.     But If w« I i„„10rtnne*_no your children.
arc to tcalino Unit Ideal we mtiKt c-civsol    Tho .working chum fought for tho
oHiiibllliliineiil of fix"**** public schools
ntul triumphed over thn opposition of
(HU t-fJ-lt.lll.-H Llli»K,     jt iiuou. to ia it; 1 u
That particular subdivision of B. C.
in which the writer is now located, presents in its development some quite
Interesting studies. Owing to large
and judicious advertising this district
has recently been "blessed with a big
influx of small bourgeoisie and decaying, semi-aristocratic 'individuals from
'ome.
These persons .are quite a peculiar
subdivision from the native's standpoint. Thoy form n distinct "social,
class (pronounced klnrse) which mixes
not.nt all with the common or garden
"ranchers' round. In wearing apparel
thoy run to loggings (yollow) check
riding pnnts and cloth caps.
Many of them are 'highly desirable"
from a real estate agent's standpoint,
as thoy possess some coin nncl nro
blessed with highly credulous natures.
Occasionally wo got, through theso
people, interesting littlo personal
glimpses of the workings of ovolution
which is rapidly crowding them nnd
theirs to tho wnll. Ono Individual imparted to tho writer recently—in tho
ninnner of confiding a gront secret ns
follOWB! '    ,
"It Isn't thnt' n follow particularly
wnnth to 'ranch,' you know. But hang
It, you know, lt seems to bo about
the only thing loft to do. A fellow
has n fow thousirnds, you know, and ho
litis to do something with it, Such a
henstly hnrd mnttor to Invest it, you
know. If you put It Into some little
thing It brings in no returnH. so that's
no uso, If you put It into ono of tho
big poncorns you lose control of it, and
you'ro llnblo to Ioho lt altogether. So
thoro dooHn't Kcom to bo nnythlng but
ti 'rnnch' loft, you know."
Thoro wns n lmtirto, wlillo I ondonv-
orod to look sympathetic, nt tho ond
of which my Informant proceeded with
11 burnt of coiifldPiico, "And 'ilnmmlt-
tnll,' whon you got Iho 'rnrtch,* tho
honntly thing dooHii't pny you, you
know."
.Mtogothnr tho locnl »ltnnt|nn Ih
iinuiHliig, Tho Insl fll ngo of tho smiill
cnpllnllRt Hitiils nfter hr* n«l-« h\\n\-
in-KM nnd mi'-h Into 'tigrlcnliuro," 11 Ik
enroor Is swift. Tho renl oslnto person
in-iici'iilly nuiiiiiKOH lo soil hlm noonory
for 11 ulnrl nnd from thenco on ho "hits
tho trnll" townnlfl prolelnrlntvlllo nt a j Kveryono refer* to her aB ono of
morry Knit, which bring* emllcn lo the }?%"$ iXltieeTZZhl?* BS,":
fnco of tho rod who  Is onto tho gnmo,      "  "	
fighting ottootn nnd strike nl llio root
rnuHP of tho ovlls thnt nffllct Hocloty
I,,,In.. n,,.., I,.   ... r    111,, ll.l,    .l.„.l,
FOLLOWING U. M. W. A's EXAMPLE
SEATTLE.—A movement to force
Treasurer John B. Le-nnon of the
Amorlcnn1 Fodorntlon of Lnbor to resign his momborshlp In the National
Civic Fodorntlon hns been begun by
tho Seattle local of the Nalloniil Journeymen- Tailors' union,
The union recently ndopted n resolution' nHltlng tho nntlonnl union to
ixchulo nil momborH of tho Nntlonnl
Civic Fedornllon from membership In
the tailors' union, If this resolution Is
•seconded hy 20 other locals n referendum voto will be taken.
Tho roKolullon dot-**-: nol mention
I.oiiiion, hut It HtrlkoH 1111 nun else,
Lcniion occupying the nnmo rolntlon to
Die tiillnrs thnt John Mltcholl iIoch to
the conl minors, Tho 1111 nom recently
loiili nctlon tn cull Mitchell out of tho
Civic Keili'inllon,
Jfc____l5X_L___._-Ju_st__c_le_are.-^
ready to fit you up for the winter from head to foot. If you are
looking for the,future and Intend to save .your money, purchase
your goods from us. We have just bought the'stock of Mr. James
Haddad and now we are carrying a very large stock of ladles' and
gents' furnishings. Trunks and valises, In fact, everything for *
men, women and children. ' .
Our $1.25 Sweater Coats have no equal. Our $1,75 PeH Angle
Undersults have them all beaten. 7 .
Our Suits are just the kind you need for style nnd durability.
We carry a large assortment of Boots,and Shoes, the best selection that money and brains can buy.
KEFOURY  BROS.
Noxt to Wigwam Onndy Storo
Noxt to Northorn' Iloto
Her Secret
Wty She Alwaya Looked So Yon«
in tho wnv of fflvlnp; onoXx ntt orpinl
opportunity In tho InMltutlnn of private proporty.
I -inbuilt, 1 hen, Hint nny eoiiBirticUvu
pmi.nim or policy hIkiiiIiI Includo a
ik'nmii'l to tho following offoct:
tVe ljili* lou'-inl jiojiuJnr ulucnlltui,
tho hitter hnvo nuhvprtcd It to their
own crulM. HlHlory Ih coiiHored nnd
fnlHlflcii, iTiNicnd ot renl patriotism,
(i Jingoism useful to tho rulers Is
taught. Tho rommcrcinl masters hftvo
There Ih opi'iirlunlty for 11 millrlHt hero
tn (IrnmiitlKo II,—"HinERNIOIIR," In
Western Clnrli>n.     .
PAUL  fttNGP.R
**********»******..****»»*
* WTtWMIONUCOIBUreiKDtACt SCHOOLS *
I l*t 7M. ferialM, ta. *
a, rtftl. itl*!-*,!*..  •iilM.I  lank., _,MJf .u.i ta mt _.
.        tm, -_,_*! ._>ii«_M. !.i, ll.it., t.lny |>,|        *
* *_£«_•<*.__,•■' l> Ik! t.urh,..»  b«.i>.f *
* •V-.k t li.t ■..u.i s, *
M Will.,
**+.<*■* wm*.
W*.*. Irtmm*.
•*"■," lm.. 1 «.,,...
frwNM* *i&*)Ai*,
'*.«*#»<«_-' __*-*(»##«
»«»•»'.•. B. .MM**
f •*_   •* «*«•»«•.
ff vi i.qifl,) tr^lw.*!
I'.MM*.*.
»»*_   t.«t*a f^l.
t**MMf
tnn-«.«••. Ortiim**
I'mVii *-*!•>*>
*_"'-__'»»_->__.•-<..»«_
l4*U+t_», •_ *itAtl**
I »«•*•, nwHi
a. *   C«*«4r.'Mt*W* %**.
*iAi.,y*.
*.',***|l ft*.*.*.
r».m 1,
*,*,*..*..
%'*•**.****.
a Samr ,
* at.vi ***■ .v*_
lot,	
. Suit..
'J hut -nil rifitunil rcBourccs, nnd hI) l "«*.'-1 the bcHioMb to fill liirir oil.ecu
the machinery of production nnd din-
tnbutlon ahnll belong to tho collectivity, and flhr.1l bo domocrntlcllly
mnnngi-d nud opnrntod In tha interest*,
of tho whole of tho people"
Under mich a nyatorn nil would work
cooperatively In the Intercut of tho
•whol.**- romi-mmlty. ond l'rof. Wllrnott'fc
ldr-iO -M-tomc-i poulbloif renlt/ntton,
ivlilrb m M-rely not tn lorn*., fti the
the "rleht.*) of prlmlo uroperly' ure
mnlntftln'Mt. Ro, too, rn all -ritplfitl
would become public   caplUl.   ther*
with cheap lnbor. Now tho Induii*
trlnl mn«tcrs wnnt (0 do tho nam*
thing for tliolr ihopo. It Is tlmo for
tho working clmm tn rise up nnd purify
the ncho^li thoy strove so hnrd to os*
tnMlih.
MILLIONAIRE A MESSENGER
'capital and tabor' Into harmony.
F. If. 8AN08TKR.
RiouffvMa, Ont., Jan. 17, 1910,
Anthony J. Dreiel, who married Miss
MarJoHe Go-Id, wtM to work last
wc_k.   lift got a Job as tn-Mseniter
ai.*,   • __   1     «. 1   1     with « Mock otchanKo firm and tienan
;wouM b_ im> dlfflcwlty   l«s   turmrlot? j,Jjt ^mj^, un Wtdaoaday mornin.;
•* _*«»_.__ __.___,!   _*«*.__   tthttAM*   InlA tias-MANf ___.      • _._.____   . ______
la New Yorfr.   with an Men of team
InK the  business h* determined  io
start at thc lowcit rung of tho ladder.
In Paul Singer, tho German Soclnl
Democrat*3- lc-M.fi one of lis mon faithful Hcrviiiits nnd trusted londors, .
Orlglnnlly ii wcnlthy cnpltnllst, ho
.7'v".    .......fl."   \><.,ikm,.'i\:'ia\,'j    i.i.'.'j   '.'.-I
struggle of tho working class for emancipation. Hovf-rlng completely tho
ties thnt hon nil him to tho clnss from
which ho sprung. Abilities, both
parliamentary and exocutlvo, woro far
above tho nvor*Re. nnd these ho placed onHrdy at the camtnan-t of the Social Domocarcy. Slnco 1884 he was
rfpontodly (iltiotttA lo tho RMfht-tt/i^,
n* wf-ll nn xo the municipal counclj of
Berlin, by tho votes of the workers.
He «ai x)m, lor tm*ny year* a member of tho contral executive committee
of tho Roctn! Domocarcy, and ho was
regularly chmtn to preside over the
annual conm-cu* of the uwty. And
when It was learned that he was unable to attfttul the MugdehurgO con-
lap, tlioy woro not miutiunl. Hut tlio
ettnrm lny In tha .wad of uulondld.
vlitoroua hulr that mado a varltabla
orowii, It Imd tlinl paoullar lu«tr«
and tho sun .(.avo ll an added brilliance
■—you  couldn't  look  nt   hur   withmir
jA..A.,.i....mi.f •.VMiUlCMtiillf Oil til*
I Ibaiuity of b«p hair.
v ^'-a_•_;'•. *-*■■ ■*■.-*"'■-' »'iow t»hu kept it ao
bflaiiUfu Hlm ropllnd thai It waS no
iecr«t, simply propur ahampoolna-, r«_r.
ular comblnr and th* eonMl-TiiiSua
i'lfS _?f. '■."■■•"one. Hha admitted It
£n» theVlWJSSV,-- ll!" wndltloi,
P.1.1 "■•t ,"a *ound Hlmutonn tha best
thing *he evar net ror tho -_ii.tr    Jt
V*«l/i.__*'l"_.mJu"{i,t''V"' 1* u"'-> Tflreehet.
iteiwg, ant] (li« lit r was ao ,_iu_ih
•asler to dress after I ta -Sle. MM*
There are plenty of head* th»_.
would be just as attractive^for HlrsS.
ton* toon brings the hair and sealD
Into good condition. ° "ct,p
, Xour *y*> »f"i
fully
that
aan
Fernie Opera House
Moving
t        ,
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
V
Every
Night
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr,
Central
Hotel
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Kooa condition, "
ur Kytl Druir Store will cheer.
* guarantee  ftlrauleiie to «i» sJI
l» claimed for It aad every •__.
ewet It to harnXittZ trrit.
For Salo and Guaranteed by
N. C. OUDDADY
OMfor«*c*tv«y<Uytilm«tt
NORTHERN
ROTPL
ma, mar   ~em^     ^    emm irwc
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Hsjidso'^c   Ctxfo Att'ichod
> in    .*■-■■  1 '  ■
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Ross & IWackay £__]_„
Roughly speaking there ans about
ii.'in'i.Ooo Irelnht cars at present ln
service on American railroads. Each
one of these Is carried t**y at least
eight wheels whose standard diameter
Is 33 Inches, ao tbat the total number
of wheels In service Is fit the nelfh-
borhood of 18,000,000, and thei? value
al the lowest entlmiU 1180,000,000,
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
jD*   JO a e 11 s*l at, ******
<*•%.    WMtlMIWI «S»
Open ftii* till kintlN nf IniNJiinNM
in their lino
Addross Box 07 Fornio
s,
KING'S HOTEL
Har imppliwl with thi» lw*t Wines,
Lti)\t«>rx nnd ('igin*-*.
P1NIXO HOOM IS CONNKCnON
W. MILLS, • Prip :-y.--«—■-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY il, 1911.
 1 *( - ' —■**,. -V"
PAGE THREE'7 5<
MINERS
NO
Operators Pail] to Break the
■ ,   ®     \   "       .    '  -V     ' -...--_
A lliance Between Work-
■     ' ,.**'■ . .'•"*•''■■*    o
;.     ers of United States
and Canada
COLUMBUS, O.—Efforts of Canadian coal operators to cause a breach
in/tho international alliance between
the"coal.miners of the United States
and Canada met unanimous disapproval in the convention of mine "workers
here., A resolution was passed that
gave those who would make tbe dividing line of the organization the same
as the boundary line between tho two
countries'a distinct understanding that
the United Miners would remain united miners.
; It was voted that the miners,of the
two countries not only remain In* alliance, but that. they organize every
.mining district in. the United States
and Canada. . Tlie resolution also
made' demand for a fair day's wages
for every miner'.
Philip Viel,'the Belleville (111.) Socialist, demanded that the committee
define a fair day's wage.
„"I'll answer that question for you,"
said President Lewis. . "All right, you
answer It." responded Viel. "To my
view'; the fair day's wage of a miner
should be a minimum bf five dollars,"
answered'' Lewis," wliich brought ap
plause. The average wage of a'mine
employees is now about $2.25 a day."
For Interstate Agreement
The convention also passed a resolution recommending that all miners'
wage agreements expire at the.same
time and that there be interstate agree
ments as well as national agreements.
Columbus,* O., Jan. 28.—The Uniled
Mine Workers of America," in convention last evening, set ,on .foot a project to build .a headquarters home for
tho organization. It was pointed out
hi a resolution presented to the'con ven-
, tion that the United Mine Workers are
now paying ?3,000 a year in rentals, for
the present ..executive offices in the
State Life Building, Indianopolis. It
■was recommended that the organization " seek^ to .obtain greater benefits
from the $3,000 paid out annually for
vent by putting it into a building.' Thc
_re_soJLutio_ii___,p_ro__dd_e.cLJ__at___tb,Q_buIlding,
be erected in some city that would answer nil requirements for rail, wire
and hotel fiicllities. All of which
sounded very' Indianapolis." -, 0
The incoming president, John P.
Whito is to appoint from* the international executive board, three men
who arc to act as a building commission and make recommendations to
the.next, annual convention of the Unit-
. ed -Mine Workers as to tho city best
adopted to the organization's purposes
us hondqunrters, and as to the kind of
building that should bo built, with its
probable cost. The resolulion providing for the erection of a headquarters
building was passed with only a few
dissenting votes,' in fact it may be
said to have been. unanimous.
White Favors Indianapolis
It is known that President White
favors Indianapolis as a headquarters
city, as do,the majority of the delegates to/the convention and returning
to their homes that it cost ' $5,000
more to hold the convention in Columbus than in Indianapolis, the western
delegates running the transportation
cost up. ' With the organization of
the western coal fields now unorganized the delegate body will be stilllarg-
er. ■ After adjournment last evening
the delegates, discussing the project,
predicted' that Indianapolis would be
the city chosen as the home of America's largest .labor organization.*
" Several other resolutions were passed by the convention shortly before'
adjournment last evening, in fact, the
last hour of the day was the most profitable from a business transacting,
standpoint, since the convention began .'its sessions.
A resolution was passed condemning the " Pennsylvania constabulary,
and demanding that it be abolished
because of its attitude toward labor.
It was called "an, armed force 'witli
unlimited authority,"* aiid it was charged that ,it incited riots in the Irwin
field of Pennsylvania which cost thirteen lives. .
Against Coal Storage *
A resolution was* presented condemning the large storage of coal by operators prior to the expiration of* wage
agreements. with the men. This re-
somlion was indorsoi and referred to
the scale committee.
r Friends of an' organization known
as ihe Industrial-Workers of the World
a Socialist organization, sought.,to
hi.-*; the United Mine Workers withdraw fromits alliance with the American Federation of Labor and become
_a_llie_d__wi_th_lt.   " Th_i______.es_ohiti_on___vn_s.
NOTICE
.. Owing to the Mines at Coal
Creek only being.partially operated, and the number of idle
men very large, all, workers
are requested to stay, away
from Fernie until further advised. D. REES,
Secretary
♦
voted down. A resolution was passed
urging.all of the, union organizations
in the railroad, service to co-operate
with the United Mine Workers when
the latter had strikes that involved the
shipment of coal. .It was stated ,tn'
the resolution that the railroad men
could be helpful to the. miners on
strike and asked • that they show the
spirit of brotherhood in a common
cause at such times.
Many Delegates Go Home
President Lewis cured the homesickness of a large number of tho dele
gates last evening when he announced
that one of the last reports to be made
to the convention would be that or i no
transportation, committee.' Calls for
its report were met with a negative
response by the president, who' said
that" he knew what they wanted. Many
of the. delegates having grown tired
of the wrangling^between factions on
the floor and, the delays in getting
to business, have already gone home
nt their own expense. A large number of them left to-day as their funds
were running low,' and they had expected the convention to last not longer
than a * week, as' no scale questions
•were to be settled. It is now thought
the convention will not finish its business until the middle,or last of next
week. *
Sympathy for Men in Jail
Several resolutions were passed yesterday afternoon expressing sympathy
for laboring men now in jail or prison
for offenses alleged to have been committed while defending their rights as
union men. Among those for whom
sympathy was expressed were Fred
D Warren, editor of the Appeal to Reason, Girard; Kas., who was arrested
for alleged anarchistic utterances in
his paper; Preston and Smith, the
men now in a Nevada prison for contempt of court, and for Moyer and Hey-
wood, the western leaders whose acts
were discountenanced by the courts. A
clause of'the resolution of sympathy
urged that a general strike of laboring men be called to compel the courts
to free all men held in bondage or in
contempt for their acts while defending
their rights. This clause was unanimously voted down by the convention.
Hughes Denies the Charge
An ugly, situation developed on the
floor of the convention yesterday afternoon and but for the strong will of
President Lewis, might* have resulted
in the exploiting of much unsavory labor scandal. During' proceedings
Frank Farrington" a leader among'the
Jllinois miners, accussd^Thomas^Hu-**
ghes," of Ohio, a member of the resolution committee, bf being a scab and
ari ex-strike, breaker.. - Hughes was
not in the hall when the charge was
made bui he appeared early in the
afternoon session and sought,out Far-,
rlngton, , He donled the charges made
by Farrington,' then mado counter
charges against Farrington, calling him
a grafter,and an enemy of the cause of
labor. Instantly tho convention was
in nn uproar and friends of both men
demanded Immediate proof ~ of" the
charges.   It looked,as if tho conven
tion were going to be in for a long
session of unpleasant testimony and
efforts were made to have the men
tried before the executive board intsead,
of the convention. President. Lewis
finally put a construction on' ,the
charges that. ruled the*' case off the
convention floor and the incident, for
the time being, closed.
Mitchell Escapes'Censure
The long 'drawn out- fight on the
resolution condemning the Civic Federation as. a capitalistic organization
not intended to help labor was finally
ended by (tfie passage of the resolution.
The sting, intended for John Mitchell;
former president of the miners, was removed and Mitchell's friends were satisfied. The enemies of Mitchell tried
to make it appear that he was In
league with the capitalists in the Civic
Federation and they made a demand
that he either withdraw from the federation or* from, the miners' organization. The labor organizations of Columbus' are to entertain the delegates
to the convention to-night with a lunch
and entertainment.
John McBride, of this city, one of
the founders of the United' Mine Workers of America and a union organizer
as far back as fifty years ago, addressed, the convention and gavo the delegates some interesting labor reminiscence.—Indianapblis News. *
. One sex might, carry on the work of
the world just as well asrthe other.
Left to itself without work or occupation,' mind degenerates into subservience' to the body. The man or the
woman with nothing.to do spend the
time selfishly, cultivating the appeti-
tesf tending to introspection. Inasmuch
s there are not any differences between
the minds bf the woman and the man
it becomes an interesting puzle to the
one to guess what is going oh in the
other.   •L-Current Literature..
ANOTHER  VIEW   POINT
WOMAN'S MIND
Is  There   Really   Anything   About   it
Different from Man's
What is to be the psychological future of .woman?
The fusion of the two sexes in the
animal world does not exist in nature.
It would be too risky. It would lead
to results disastrous lo the young. In
the same way the fusion of the two
qualities of mind in one individual
would lead to negative conduct. It
is" only poets and novelties who have
made woman mysterious by intensifying (caricaturing) the action of the
mind elements. r. It may be difficult to
guess all the motives which result in
a certain course of acHon, but when
once explained (as they often are only
after the event) the results are seen
to "be the. things which alone could
have happened.
' "Perhaps the fact that women have
not always had money has tended to
make them dependent, afraid to contradict, more obedient, less assertive;
but now ,that the position is so often
reversed we see that the real mind Lu
the sexes is the same altered* only by
social necessity arid environment. People run away with the idea that mind
in either sex is something very complicated; very profound and very different in kind according as we see its
manifestations in the man or the1 woman.. This is .'a mistake." As,*a
rule, thinking is* a very simple7thing,
scarcely more than a reflex. Wuridt's
dictuin is tbat the old metaphysical
=m»Q_n$j(»_i__t!!Qt=niari=alw-avs_thinks___has,
not yet. entirely disappeared. 'I am. in
clined,' he says, 'to hold that people
really think very-little and very seldom.' ' Many an action that looks like
a manifestation of intelligence most
surely originates in association. People talk about 'work' as if It were
proprium of one sex not to be aspired
to by other, whereas there is nb work
peculiar to the one of the other. Every
day work is just a matter of little
brain necessity; it may be a 'bother,'
a 'bore,' but it Involves little beyond
reflex mentality."
A lie that, has done service long enough to deserve a rest, may be seen
on the Socialist page of last Saturday's
World. It is to the effect that "a
further degradation was in store for
women when, in the sixteenth century, at the Council of Macon, the representatives of the Christian Church
gravely discusssed the question: "Had
a Woman a Soul?" As no council
was-held at Macon in the sixteenth
century, it is, evident that -the World
did not learn his lesson accurately.
But he did not invent it. We saw-
it on parade several years ago, and it
has been kept busy. Try to imagine
Catholic bishops gravely discussing the
question whether tho Blessed Virgin
had a soul, or whether their own mothers had a soul! The thing is not only
lie, but a stupid absurd lie.'' It seems
but a stupid absurd lie. It seems
that some one came across the fact
that at one of the Macon councils a
bishop raised the question whether the
Latin word "homo" could be used of
was, simply a grammatical question,
a woman as' well as of a "man. It
and in the Interpretation of a given
law,,it'may have been a practical question; but it had no possible bearing
upon the question of souls.* But some
people love to,lie about the church,
especially if devoted to "the materialistic conception of history," which conception, by the * may, is inconsistent
with a spiritual soul in anyone, man
or woman.—(The .Western Catholic.
I
i
Do You Want
A Home?
Three 20-acre Tracts, of
wliich four acres, on each
are improved, dn Lake |
Front and located where
there is good settlement.
Price per block 81500 and
at terms to suit purchasers.
This is a chance for anyone
intending to make, a home
, for himself at once.
NO DISORDERED
KIDNEYS
or Weak Back if you Take
a Few Doses of      "
FIG PILLS
. All Backache and, Distress from Out-
of-Order .Kidneys or Bladder Trouble
will vanish and yoinvill feel fine. Lame
Back,- Painful Stitches, Rheumatism,
Nervous Headache, Dizziness, Sleeplessness, Wornout, Sick Feeling and
other' symptoms, of Sluggish, Inactive
Kidneys and Liver' disappear. Smarting; Frequent Urination, and all Bind-
.r___,»'__T'_'.v_l.l__,-.__._.__ 7?_Y*___*PTT T. a_fff,__k
once to the disordered Kidneys,/Bladder and Urinary System, and complete
a cure before you know it. There is
no other remedy, at any price, which
will effect* so thorough and prompt a
cure as a 25c. box of FIG PILLS. Only
curative results can come from taking
FIG PILLS and a few closes mean
clean, active, healthy Kidneys, Bladder and Liver—and no Backache.
For, sale at all first class drug stores,
25c. fa box, or five for one dollar; or
mailed on'receipt of price by Tho Fig
Pill'Co., St. Thomas, Ont,
CRESTON
50 blocks well watered, excellent soil, free from rock
and easily cleared—Three
miles from station.
Joe Grafton
P.O. Box 48
Fernie      , -        B. C.
J
i
TN ADVERTISING—
. 1 and good business
stationery is advertising-
it's' not so much the taste
of the man producing the
 LL,.— a. «._iUA_ArtnniftQ_*Q	
—nrdwei^aoT hiouuuoiui-™ -
tion'of what .Will appeal
to' the people he desires
to reach: • Still, you yourself will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
• good paper and printing.
May we show you samples ?
The District Ledger
The   Very   Best   Investment   on   Earth
Is the  Earth  Itself
Homeseekers
Aro you a homosookor, or nro you
seeking a Bafo nncl profitnbl*} investment in thc district of thc future, with
spring Uio wholo year round, soil of inexhaustible fertility, crops growing
every month in tho yenr, nnd transportation nt your vory door to tako your
products to nil markets; whoro therein
a fine oeenn harbor, and where grows
everything eatable necessary for , tho
country ?
THE HEALTHIEST LOCATION
IN THE COUNTRY
Whoro you will get well on llio
climato.
Wlioro me-dicino is unnocessnry.
Whoro thero is plenty of rninfnll and
heavy (lows.
Whero tho cool air from nearby
mountains causes rainfall overy month,
in the yoar,
Wlioro you aro at tlio CoaBt.
Whoro you do not nood to irrigate.
Wlioro you aro noar tho doop water
ports,
Where tho constant sea brezes make
life worth Hying.
Whero it rarely freezes.
Whero thoro aro no winters, cyclones,
trimaran or Uiriiauofc-a.
Where tho flowers bloom every month
in the year. '
Whoro you can wear tho snmo kind
of clothes comfortably all tho year
round.
Where you farm every month in the
year.
Whero you save more than you can
make Eastward.
Where the tide of imigration is rapidly going, and land values are rapidly
rising.
Where fhe land will yield anything
equal lo any part of the country.
Where eunatroke i» netcr known.
,».'»■«■ •*.■#.«. :*?■>>iw*M™tf**+:*v ■■*^mzmmmmv*
f*r+;
>,-.v*r^,?;^v;v*'*'V!*^(.'f''',!*.l
W,t/<$ifW&-iMw
'y'*\%x.wvi*'<f\'.'Y.''*y-'$(<
•i ,'<■. ,\l>,V t, it •**,.. ■ i '■ ,\v_. * .■.■■"J*
4. 1
__f
. -'..pt ..■*■"_•*>
_w&iT#$%s^'^
w^..4A».-4'ii:**l. ••v •" ■ ■*' c. • _■
Wjt&W;
i-r ■
y*ii.i -j >■
,.-«■-*_
SMALL INVESTORS OPPORTUNITY
Market unlimited; noil most fertile;
climate ideal; middleman eliminated;
produce from cultivator lo customer
without intermediary. The proximity
to lho principal coast cities of llio province furnishes tito best poxsiblo markets. Transportation facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Owner
A. CROWSTON
Branch Offlco, Roma Block, Fernio, B. C.
Headquarters, 1537 Third Avo. W.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
LOCATION:  in tho midst of mining,
lumbering ami other large iiuluslriet.,
which afford largo remunerative employment to \\w owners of small farms
in Ihe early stages of Iheir development.
TERMS: 10 por cent onsh: balance,
on torniH tin suit tho purchaser. NO
JNTBRKST ON* UNPAID KALANTK.
Homeseekers
Whore you do not work six months of
cadi year to keep from freezing and
starving tlio other six montliH.
Whero vegetation is so strong and so
rapid as to astonish any Easterner.
Whore five or ten ncres put in fruit
or vegetables, or poultry, will mako a
fortune.
.   Whore water is soft, pure,,and plentiful.
Wlioro rattlesnakes are unknown.
AVhoro you can live in a summer house
surrounded by flowers, fruits ami ferns.
Where I hore arc practically no taxes.
Wlioro it is so healthy that people
rarely die except from old ago.
Where lung trouble, calarrh, bay
fever, asthma, broticliitiN, rlieumnlism
and all the ills of variable climates are
practically unknown.
Whore you will live ten years lunger.
I;    Where you work less    and    obtain
more than in any other place on earth.
Whoro vour lnnd yicld«» onnrmniwly
and freight rates aro not. nenossnry.
Where Ihere is tho best fishing and
hunting.
Where all the induMru-s are nearby.
Where great opportunities are lying
dormant.
Kveryoiie buying one of these farms
nr lots prepares f*-*r the future nud obi
nge,
Labor is the foundation of wealth,
but without its proceeds invested you
will toil on lo the end. Do not miss
thc opportunity. Thc only difference
between rich and poor is one of in-
vestment,
A farm in the country, and nt the
door of tbo city.
To be sold in small parcels of from 5
lo 10 acres at terms to suit the purchaser.
IYu.*ti.'*iI!y all th>; water irimt i.i a,
, clam bed at low lido. •■_ -■ '
sj^amfiftn^ w**1
PAGE POUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, >B. C, FEBRUARY 11, 1911.
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue;. Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest* circulation- in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.*
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
■  ' ' . J. W.. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Postdffice Box No. 380
A PROTEST AGAINST PUS
O
NT Thursday night a communication was read
tw sopuoipirc oi'] luoxjiioano'") a-"*;-*") oi[) m;:
Vieloria that it was necessary that every citizen
should be vaccinated, advancing as an argument in
favor of this drastic action the existence of an'epidemic at the coast.   .
' While wc, acknowledge many physicians strongly
urge vaccination as a preventative of small pox, on
the other band there are also medical practitioners
of recognized ability who challenge its efficacy, and
the number of laymen that likewise object to the
introduction of vaccine lymph is constantly ou the
increase. So emphatic has been the outcry in
Great Britain that vaccination there is optional
and exoneration allowed when conscientous scruples are declared against the operations.
Even granting that it may have been beneficial
in the past, "owing to the lack of proper sanitation
or„ ignorance of ordinary hygienic laws, yet as it is
conceded that these are the principal causes in the
creation of this and kindred diseases, then the'most
sensible* course to pursue would be the removal of
the foci of infection instead of insisting upon a
dubious preventative. The facility "with which
vaccination can he effected (whereas the introduction of improved sanitation may be slower and
more costly at its inception) may explain,"in part,
the reason for its preference.. Then again, it must
not -he lost sight of tliat the medical fees' directly
and the possible subsequent doctors' bills arising
. from attendance upon those .upon whom the effect
-has been'to disorder the system, are items for co_-
sideratio.n by those whose material interests are in-
~volved.. _    ' „ i
There are certainly two sides to the question even
among the .-medical fraternity and some of those
opposing claim that there is a grave possibility
"tiET-n^ini^s^Tfirt-o^
pox that the introduction of the lymph may aggravate other diseases lurking in the system or even
create an embolism.. * .     '
Whatever merit this latter contention possesses
the fact remains that if it be permissible to enforce,
an individual to submit to the introduction of cow
pus as a guard against small pox, following the
same line of reasoning, some physicians may succeed in demonstrating that pig pus is a prophylactic measure against chicken pox, sheep pus against
measles, and likewise that purulents from different
"members of the entire animal kingdom may counteract all of tbe physiological ailments of the human
family. ..
To'compel a healthy individual .to absorb into
the",system putrescence is an encroachment upon
liberty and its efficacy is a problematical quantity.
•    Majorities mny al present, favor it and those tliat
voluntarily submil are equally entitled to do so as
Ihey would to tatooiug, having,Ihcjir ears pi'un.cd
for sore eyes, leeches applied for the palsy, cupping for boils or blood-letting for apoplexy, bnt. Ih'e
minority is entitled to some consideration, knowing that many practices that.'have in lhe past received the endorsement of the doctors are to-dny
classed as valueless in some instances, and injurious
in others.
There are other questions that, must be consider.-
od. If as a result pf vaccination it. is impossible
for a workingman to follow his usual employment
who is lo reimburse him for tho lime bo has lost.
1 not of his own volition, but by compliance with the
law
The party hit crested will naturally look to the
eity authorities for compensation and 1ho eity au-
Hiorities may justly object to entertain the claim
basing their objection because of noii-posscssion of
any discretionary power iu the premises.
There have been instances in other cities where
it was Mitisfmiorily proven that vaccination hns
prccipiiati'd if not caused fatal results and there nre
nuiiierous cases of men, women and children today who Vibi'thi'i' justly or olherwi-.i*. ennnot be
accurately determined, assert that they attribute eep
lain ailments they suffer from to vaccination,
l-'or lhe benefit of our renders wc will state the
two posh ions. He vaccinated, pay -tf—.•"iO or if*:.,
incur the risk of a sure arm or even woi*m cuiiipli.
oil ions, as a questionable preventative against a
pnssilib* disease, or refuse and be Hitbh* tn n fine
Tint fveeeiliiv*' one hum!rod ilolbiru or «iv month***
.■}nij-.r'"r.iiment with or without hard labor, the
bit tor is tbe fiat that has iron*' forth, and uv know
of no saving clause such as obtains in oilier countries that have had wider experience, and instead
of the nolens volens policy of our lawmakers, per-
mit one to be exonerated if they have conscientious
sernples against vaccination. ;',
If sanitation is lacking tho medical authorities
are certainly within their rights to have the matter
attended to, but when a man is iu a healthy condi*
tion thon it iq an infririgomont ni" personal liberty
to inject .deleterious matter into his •..vstum.*
Tho mot evil of disoascs such as small pox, scarlet fever, yellow fever, etc., is filth and thoir eradication is by .sanitation. Speaking nf lho last-named
onmpliiuit, sn provnlnnt j.. tropion? and somf-trfipf-
ral climes, attention to thc sewerage lias shown
wherein the remedy lies, and yet to-day Ave are
coolly informed that we must submit to the injection of a filthy pus in order not to cure necessarily
but to prevent contagion. ' ■
We would urge upon every citizen of the Province who has conscientious scruples against vaccination, to protest most emphatically against the
autocratic dictum emanating from the Health Department. .'.,.'*     •    *
H
..   ..       FALSE   TEACHING
ISTORY>of British Columbia, by Maria.Law-
sou,* page, 73; *' ■
/'It costs a great deal more to get minerals from
the rocks,, than to wash gold from the river bars,
so that the richest'of-quartz mines must lie idle until a great deal of money is spent in buying machinery and hiring labor. In other words, mining
cannot be carried on without capital.
"Unfortunately, here, as in,other mining countries, the men who' work the mines ancl the .men
wbo 'own them have not agreed very well. lie
who has labor to sell is too prone to look upon his
employer .as hard and grasping, while the man
who invests bis money'in wbat may after all'turn
out an unprofitable speculation, thinks the wage-
earner unreasonable and exacting."
The first paragraph in a general sense is correct,
it does cost more to mine quartz than to wash gold
from the.rivcr bars, although there are many, dredging schemes for extaacting' alluvial deposits from
river beds that have failed to produce profit owing
to insufficient.gold being found, but at no time in
Je
the history of this country have mining operations
been dormant because of a shortage in the supply of
minerals, hence, cost of machinery and hiring of
miners have not been the sole reasons for rich properties lying idle.
It has often been stated that political economy is
too difficult a subject to be taught the junior classes in the public schools, yet the ..use of the book,
from which we quote, is intended for the education
of'those in the lower standards, is sanctioned,, although it purports to inculcate ideas on a subject
that in our estimation* are scientifically unsound.
The statement "he who has labor to sell is too prone
to look upon his employer as hard and grasping"
is not only loosely composed, but contains a grievous inaccuracy. "Labor'' is not sold. A man
dpes not buy a milk cow because it is 'a cow, but
because of its ability to supply the lacteal .fluid;
neither is coal purchased simply on account of what
.it is in itself, but because of its inherent qualities
to furnish heat; in like manner a worker does hot
sell his' labor but he does dispose of labor power, in
other words, the ability to perform so.cial or useful labor, either physical or intellectual. Although
TTTJe coh^"dFd~tliaT"flie sellers ofTabor powerTlo"
quite often regard the buyer thereof as hard and
grasping it is the result of his ignorance of the relationship existing between him who buys and him
who sells, which ignorance* is by no means confined
to anyone branch of the working .class, otherwise
this article would not have been written. Nor do
we condemn the exponents of these false teachings,
realizing their propogation is Jn -strict.* harmony
with bourgeois economics, but we do urge those
upon whom devolves the education bf children the
importance*'of a deeper study of a subject so vital
to their own well-being and no longer continue to
be blind leaders even though unwittingly so) of
tho blind.
In the attempt to show a relationship between
wages and profit is another error tbat, so many fall
into: As an instance of ease in point: Some time
ago arbitration proceedings'were in course between
nn employer and his employees, and one* of the
arbitrators, a well-known professor of political economy in an Eastern college, whether igno'rantly or
as'a sharp prnetice we do not. undertake tn state,
had'a dialogue with one of the workers somewhat
as follows
Professor: So you think that because your
employer is reported to have made large profits
you are entitled to more wages
Workman:   Yes, I do,
Professor: Woll, then, in tho event; of tho ven-
ture having shown a corresponding loss, would you
have been equally willing to share in it? ""
Workman: Oh! Xo. I don't look at it that
way at all,
Still the proposition was perfectly logical provided he accepted the one ho must of necessity accept
Ihe other, but tlm mistake made was in consequence
nf a liiisconei'piiiiii bold by ninny to-day is nssailled
nnd exploded as based on false promises,
Hare assertion is not argument, and we are quile
-.niliim* lo put forth our reasons for the convictions
we hold,
The iciiclicrs iii colleges and schools instruct pupils how to measure wheat, lumber, ole,, but avoid
tenchiny values, advancing as a reason for the omission that this is too abstruse for young minds to
UNisp and in this we concur, if juifgled as is the
ease under consideration, which, although ostensibly presented for enlightenment, it is more appropriate to ultilo it fa intended for t1ii-.fr ennftminn
Tn the pvimnry ('wide*** children nro 1nu"bl tbnt
the addition of say 2 horses and !l hens, elo., is not
pos _ble, but wo havo hero a pnrnllol by an nt-
tciupt to add two qualities of a divergent character
I iv the addition of wn-jros to the value of producl
und then a division of the profit and lo.,s between
the seller of a commodity (labor powor) nnd the
purchaser thereof,!l
To leach children the why and wherefore of econ.
omics in plain and simple language, although quito
feasible, is tabooed, because the apologist*, for the
(-..fating disorder fear, and nnfurnlly, too, tlmt the
privileges they enjoy would soon lie overthrown.
Tho mind of a child is exceedingly plastic and
likewise receptive, and the purpose of education
tn.ibty in the publio school hnn (or iiu object the
limbing nf mott nrul women bottor wag,.- skivea rather than moreenlightened factors in human -society:
zykyy
^eious
•rfiy-y
"Sunkist"
Lemons
'  It you want   '
tho finest lemons grown bsic_
_or"S.mkist"
brand and
note how
much juicier the.- aro
and how
much farther .hoy
CO in preparing
sauces,
cukes,
pies,
eulndB
nnd
drli—u
Seedless-r-Fibreless—Juicy and
Sweet—A Perfect Fruit
Five thousand California orange farmers,
raising 60 per cent of the state's entire crop,
select, each season, their perfect oranges and
pack them under the name "Sunkist.''   Thit
enables you to recognize and buy California'!
choicest, tree-ripened oranges. * " ' .
Until you have tasted a luscious "Sunkist" orange,
5'ou cannot begin to nppreciate-'the excellence of,
oranges that art* properly grown," rigidly inspected,
care.uiiy packed and swiftly transported.   Serve "Sun-
kists" on your table tomorrow morning and learn the
, superiorly cf irpc-ripcneJ, fibrcless, seedless, solid and
sound oranges over the commonplace kind.    "Sunkist"
oranges are so nearly all food that they are. much the
cheapest kind tobuy.
"Sunkitt" oranges are thin-skinned and are hand-
picked,. The "Sunkist" orange is a firm, solid fruit.
Ask your dealer for the "Sunkist" kind and make,
sure that each orange j on'get is packed in a tissue
'paper wrapper labeled "Sunkist." For these wrappers
a:e valuable.   " ' ..
FREE
'Sunkist.
-This Handsome Rogers Orange Spoon
*r_ _, ■?&•*»' SavcI2"Sanltlst"oranttc(orlsmon)wn?pL*rs nnd send M
!_  _fN>:. toft/S   tt**-"-1** to «s. with 12c to pay diaries, packing, etc., IM
  Rogers Or- \«H
and hlnhest Vfil
'or filch tidill- lw
•*--> -i_i_i*_ U'poruondrio. \\
tfj.au. ja rumittjnu. pionva solid cash when tho nmount is
•VC^SJ l**1*"**1 -*h;m - .a; on umoi-nta ttl*,r>vo H)c. v.;, profcr poslul noto.
«S"1 _-*»A-   mooi-. ordir,expremoplproriinnlsdr'ift.
'Vit _7*»**>L**J_--»      w* wi" ■'° Kindto»onlyoucon_tileto Mstof valuablepr.
'    «j_w_ *^.*^ minim.   Il'« honor both "fiuukUf'tin-l "RuIBall'- vrruppors
>J Vv^k   forprouitutud. *   i ., l_9_
kMV^   Cdif ornia Fruit Growe«' Exchange, 135 Kins St. Em. Toronto, Ont .^
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C.L., PRESIDENT     .
5. ,.  .     ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL. - $10,000,000
REST, - $7,000,000
THE SAYINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
of The Canadian Bank of Commerce will receive deposits of $i and
upwards, on which interest is allowed at current rates. There is no
delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit. Small
deposits are welcomed, 234
Accounts may be opened in the names of two' or more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor. A joint account
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership of the money
after death, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending* upon him, in the event of his death.
FERNIE   BRANCH L.  A. S. DACK,   Manager.
! STOVES!
Airtights,  Coal Burners, Coal
"      _"^rWb^d=BWn^s^ancl    ~~-
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
•^       ''^:'T*^w
The test ot a heating system is
. tlie warmth of the halls in the
early morning. A hot water or
steam system will keep a com*
fonable, i;vcn temperature all
over the house day nnd niRlit.
Gettinjf.up time , finds perfect
comfort all over the house. The
Oxford systems arc tho highest
development of hot water and
Mcim heating. , Other makers
come ns near ns they can or dare
to the Oxford idea. That is the
standard they try to reach, If
you prefer the Oxford idea, insist
that you -^et it in the original,
not the imitation, Tlie Oxford
systems arc operated hy
GURNEY-OXFORD
Hot Water and Steam
Boilers
in ronnccilon with Oxford Kadi*
ntius, If yon have a building to
heat lut ui have the particulars
and wo. will t«.-H you nil about the
l.iMt h*.-iii'iii to install.
pur li'-nkl.,.. nn liomn hfHlln(r will
inieiortt yi.u—ilniynro .rce—writ* ui,
The Curnoy Standard
Motal Co., Limited
CALGARY KDMONTON
A. T, HAMILTON
S-tttliU Agar.!. FarnU
ta
Cents
T__i3B_HI
Ledger Ads Pay
'See. our
window, it is
filled with a
varied lino of
goods, nono
worth less
than 10 cents
and others
worth 11), 20
and 2oe,
on sale
Saturday Ilth inst.
for your choice
10 cents
■ To secure a stylish up-to-date Sleigh for the kiddies.
Remember they ned fresh air perhaps more than the
older folk, and what would be easier on you and
more comfy for the baby than a little while in the
* open..air with one of these easy-running warmly
upholstered** stylish Sleighs that we are.offering
at a -
Come in and look them over; you are sure to find
one that is "nice enough for even YOUR BABY
We are also giving the same generous 25 per cent
DISCOUNT OFF our splendid line of Framed Pic- •
tures.   Just the thing to brighten up those rooms'
\_. M
of yours at a very small expense.' ,
Remember.it costs nothing to come in and look
around    '    ■ '_'.',■''"
The Trites-Wood Co.
* Limited
A
IF    YOU'  WANT
. *- ,, \
,  a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup bf Coffee
   ^r==—t;   ~.~—„ —: _r. r---==^====ac:-
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
VICTORIA AVENUE FERNIE, B. C.
atm^m&mtmm*
m
CITIZENS   OF    FERNIE
Happy New Year to You
May Docombor 31st, 1911 mnrle tlio "closo of tlio most pros*
perouH yonr In your lilBtoiy; wo firmly bollovo lt will do ho In
ours.   Mnko a Rood stnrt nnywny, nnd go to
The 41 Market Co.
for,,nil your ni'iulromoiUB ln  Montn. null, Bbbs, Hultor, Poultry,
Clieofio, Oystoi'R, otc.
SAM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
J. D. QUAIL
Ferule
Hardware nnd Fnrniture
C. E. LYONS
*
nl -
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property .jr.,_,-__u.i «.»„,Mm,.
THE,DISTRICT LEDGER, - FERNIE; B. 0., FEBRUARY 11, 1911.
PAGE FIVE/.
?;
rYwrwYJYTYYTYTYYYYYYYYYYYT.YVYYVYVTVYYYYf¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»»»»************Mftftft
■k   -   * , ,-_--,..-.- -,..-•        r,     ,. .    - , • Jy-
;._._..■'■- ■- - -   •* ; .-.-.-.- ...... ■•*..*
*■ r - iy -
(»,*
g^j-, ¥»»-*■/VYy-Tyy*^
■v
> ^
♦ COAUCREEK   BY  174.      .♦
♦ '♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
.' Dave Murray, senr., and his son
Dave, left here on Wednesday last for
a trip to the coast district. They expect to be back again before the month
end.
Mrs. D. Atherton and family left
here last week to, take up their residence in Fernie. ., ■     ■
Mr. E. Cox, the representative of the
Elk Brewing Company, was .shaking
hands with old acquaintances up here
last Saturday.   . r'
The afternoon shift in No. 5* mine
had to be knocked off last Friday-
owing to the rope breaking on the
outside incline. At* the same'time
it was found necessary to stop the fan
as something had gone wrong with the
machinery causing the mine to be idle
on Saturday also.
Bom at Coal Creek on Friday, Feb.
..3rd "to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Beatty,
a bouncing boy.        ■ _
"Its iio„tise locking the door when
the horse is stolen,' it is also a poor
way of showing one's spit by leaving
a door standing open all night when
everybody has retired! Somebody
"might" have got, cold feet. Rub—it,
never came off. *    .,' .
The Board of Management of C. C. L.
and A. A: have decided to discontinue
the roller skating for the present-as
'it"was simply ruining the hall floor.
The board, however, are determined
to see what can be done, towards-getting a suitable place for the likes of
this and other pastimes.
. Mrs. Dave Martin underwent an operation in Fernie.Hospital this week
for appendicitis. We are pleased to
report that she 'is making progress
towards complete'recovery*.
Mr. W. R. Wilson has been up.here
during the past week and went through
all the mines.
One of the finest specimens of horse
flesh up here met with an accident
in No. 5 which necessitated his .death.
King's Hotel  ....    5*00
A. Liphardt* . -   3.00
P. Burns and-Co.'  10.00
Royal Hotel  _.._■;    5.00
L.   Carosella    *"*   ,5.00
Pollock "Wine Co    5.00
Central Hotel '..' ;... -'• "5.00
Fernie Co-Operative Society....   5.00
Bonnell and Corsan  '.. 25.00
Fernie Fort Steele Brewery ... 15.00
Concert
Tickets sold for cash • \... 30.00
Money, taken at door  . 20.00
Collected for tickets per C.N.P.
.   Co.'pay-roll _.^163.50
Collected for advertisements on   -
program    '(".OO
CORBIN NOTES
By "SweeM6." ;
,?417.50
Expenditure at Concert
C. Percy, pianist    6.00
Bros. Puckey ..:    6.00
Miss Olive Pearson  5.00
Miss A. D. Skilling     5.00
Miss McLean .". *.    5.00
Conveyance   of   artistes   from
Fernie '.: -.    6.00
Conveyance    of    artistes    to
Fernie  '     2.25
Refreshments for artistes ... 10.00
Cleaning Crockery after concert   1.00
Christmas Tree
Trites-Wood Co. Xmas presents.220.45
Crow's Nest Trading Co., pres- ,
ents  '.-  52.50
Fernie Free Press, printing ..'.. 14.50
J: Davidson, musician at Xmas'
tree ...'    3.00
R. Johnstone,    collecting    subscriptions   ....... '    7.00
J. . Hamer,   collecting subscrip-..
tions    ■„•••■'••'  7-00
T. France,"purchasing presents.., 3.50
J. Hewitt, purchasing presents.. 3.50
M. Gorrie, hauling Xnias tree. 1.00
Extra present, Britwistle girl.* 1.00
Incidental expenses, postage, etc 1.50
COLEMAN NOTES BY 22
♦
♦ ♦ ♦ -*••_   •*■ •* ♦ «► ♦•©■<"►•«*••
.    " ' 361.20
Cash in hand ..' - '56.30
7       $417.50
R. JOHNSTONE, Treasurer,
T. FRANCE.
H<Tslipped-upon the steel rails receiving injuries of so serious a nature that
the poor brute had to be dispatched.
A contingent of the Coal Creek Imperial Veteran spent an enjoyable time
at the smoker in Fernie returning
home in tlmo for reveille on Thursday.     None of them were subjects
for the clink," but reported having had
_•
a champion night's  entertainment.
Wo would suggest th'at users of
tho -webs should start a snow Bhoe
club and challenge the Fernieltes to a
race say to the summit or Coal Creek's
shadows. Tho losers to pay for tho
Ice Cream when reaching destination.
The concert under tho auspices of
tho St. John's Aiubulanco on Friday
night bids fair to bo rt comploto sue-'
cess. An excellent-program has beon
'arranged.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF CON-
CERT AND CHRISTMAS '.TREE
Held for the Benefit of Coal Creek
Children.  Dec. 13th ,and 26th, 1910
Receipts from Concert and Subscriptions:
Subscriptions
Crow's Nost Pass ConlCo  25.00
.Tnmos Ashworth   5.00
T. Letchor    1.00
Crow'H Nost Trading Co  25.00
J.  D.  Quail     10.00
W. A, Ingram  .....".  5.00
N. 13. Suddaby   5.00
Trltos-Wood Co  25.00
Waldorf Hotel   5.00
King Edward 1 lotol   3.00
Napaueo IIoiol  5.00
The concert, basket social and dance
given in aid of "Old Bill" on Monday
night was a great success and every
one enjoyed themselves thoroughly;
The prize was won by Miss Li. Jen-
kirison, whose basket sold for $15,00.
After supper had been served about
fifty couples did the light fantastic
to the strains of some, excellent music
given by • the orchestra. This was
kept up until, 2.30 a.m., when the enjoyable time was brought to a close ,
everyone being thoroughly satisfied
satisfied with the evening's entertainment. , ■"**
T. G. Harris, delegate to the International, Ohio, roturned Tuesday morning looking nono the worse for his
trip.
Albert Allen, a driver l' nNo. 3 mlno,
met with a, serious accident on Monday morning, Th eunfortunato man
was coming "out of ,n room with ono
enr when tho sprngs either broko or
came out. Allan noticing "that tho
car wns gaining gront spood, jump-
oil, but not'having sufficient room he
slipped in front ,of tho car, with tho
result that one of his feet waH badly
crushed, Every effort Ir being mado
by tho doctors to savo his foot. Let's
hopo thoy aro successful.
Another nccldont occurred 'In No.
4 mine, ,'lns. McLeod, flro boss, had
his feot badly crushed by cars. Jlm
will bo laid off for a considerable
timo.
Tho mooting Inst Sunday of tho
Michel Union was packed owing to
tho fnct that tho roport of tlio Scalo
Commlttoo wnsto bo dealt with, Such
attendance Is necessary at nlll meetings if mombors wish to havo their
ugiooiueut lived! up to.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ .0. ♦♦ ♦ ♦■ ♦
'' (Snow bound from previous week)
Corbin is again above the surface
of the snow.. ■->
W. Sproule, the'stable boss, has been
sick, but., his many friends ■ will, be
pleased to .-learn that'he is able to
resume his duties again.-
Mrs. E. J. Roberts, jnr., is visiting
her friends in Spokane.   ,
The energetic secretary of the Corbin Club started an anti-smoking
crusade, but met with so little support
that he resigned' his position. The
club members are in despair, for
where will they find just such another as the genial James. However,1
they feel that it would lower his.dignity too much to ask him to reconsider his decision. The affair has been
very much discussed and the Flathead Trading.Company offered a new
brand of tobacco as a compromise.
The smoke from this dope would lead
one to believe that it contained about
90 per cent alfalfa. .
, Mr:> James Ryan of the Flathead
Trading Company, is visiting his
friends on'the outside.       ,.
We felt sorry for Cecila and Clemen-
tirte last Saturday night. Alec Black
is still the premier song writer of the
pianola.
Inspector Strachan, on his usual
visit to the mines brought with him a
Draegar Pulmotor -and demonstrated
its usefulness before an interested audience. . We feel sure the coal com-
<i
pany will losev.no time, in adding an
appliance of this kind tq the, rescue
apparatus * already,, procured so as to
keep in line with the rest of the companies' in the Pass.  ■
Reginald E.. Nalty, our local-beer
agent, has left the ranks of the
spring poets and is now painting designs' suitable as frontispieces for
sporting journals—e. g.f "Rod and
Gun!" He is also taking up his old
tra"ue~a's~taxidermlst"and_is~prepared
to do anything in that line.from bottling flies to stuffing bearskins. Corbin". Big Game Associtalon, please note.
The ambulance class under Dr. Gladwin is going pretty strong, and they
hope to take a good place in' the forthcoming  competitions.
B. J. Lewis, our local botanist, has
decided to complete his researches in
the flora of Corbin; So far he has
only touched that common member of
the order liliacea'e, better known to
residents of the Pass as "mine lilies."
- Tho mines are still running on short
time. .
The. mail service up here leavos
much to bo desired.
Messrs. Brace and By south are prospecting a new seam for tho Corbin
Coal and Coko Company. Wo trust
that this will moan - moro ' extensive
operations in 'the spring.
Our worthy constablo hns boon out
at Now Mlchol on spocial duty, and
this fnct rosy account for tho attempt
of somo drunken roughs to guln an
ontrance to a rospectnblo houso. Luck,
In the shnpo of a spring look, prevented thom, howovor, and we aro
guard from now on.
• Oscar Brynby took to himself a life
partner;     The occasion was quite a
jolly one, and there was a large-attendance  of • friends , to  witness   the
holy ceremony. *, Rev. Murray officiated. '     .
x At a special meeting of the TJ.. M.
W. of A.* it was decided to give to
tlie Bellevue Disaster Fund $450; $50
also to the Alderson Fund. ■" It was
further agreed that a committee be
appointed to canvass the town to see!
.what-'further subscriptions , could be    ome
collected for the fund.
Owing to the severe weather No..2
mine only worked.*13 shifts last month.
The prospects' for. February are still
worse. ■ McGillivary mine' is also
idle owing to severe weather.
Coleman Laundry Co. are now open
to take orders. A note in Box 57
P. O., Coleman, will have immediate
attention.—Mrs. G. H; Benson, manageress, o
Birth.—Mr and Mrs. S Hadfield—a
son ■
turn stimulate inventiveness and tho
production of all sorts of' labor-saving
appliances, which, with cheap electricity,' would enable us to produce in the
future under suitable market conditions at-cheaper "rates than now,* notwithstanding the better* return labor
would obtain.   Indianapolis News.
WHY THEY GO TO CHURCH
MAY SAVE COAL
It lies wholly 'within the province
of electricity to save our rapidly decreasing coal supply for future generations. Not'only does the harnessing of the water powers of the country mean the saving "of millions of
tons, of coal which otherwise would
have, to be burned, for power purposes, but it is possible to save nearly-a hundred million tons bf coal every
year by burning our coal at the mouths
of the mines and retailing electricity instead of coal. This theory
was long since advanced by Thomas A.
Edison and Charles P. Steinmetz, - of
the General Electric Company, but
only recently with the end of our coal
upply already in sight, has the thought
been taken up by other men.
The plan is to convert our coal'
into electrical* energy at a few,centers only and retail it In the form of
electricity to every one who now burns
coal throughout the country. * On the
face of it this looks like a tremendous
undertaking f.|: the railroads to transport the millions and millions of tons
of coal* which now must be hauled
across the face of the continent. In
this day of electrical development it is
Some go to church just for a walk,
Some to stare, to laugh, to talk;
Some go there to meet a friend,
Some their idle time to spend.
Some for general observation,
for  private  speculation;
Some to seek or find a lover,
Some  a  courtship  to  discover.
Some go there to use their eyes—
And  newest fashions  criticise;
Some to show their own smart dress,
Some their neighbor to assess;
Some to scan a robe or bonnet,
Some to price the trimmings on it.
Some to learn the latest news—
Their friends at home to thus amuse;
Some.to gossip false and true,
Safe hid within the family pew.
Some go there to please the squire,-
Some his daughter to admire.
Some the parson go to fawn,
Some to lounge and some to yawn.
Some to claim-the parish doles,
Some for-bread and some for coals.
Some because its thought genteel
Some to vaunt their pious zeal.
Some to show how sweet they.sing,
Some how loud their voices ring.
Some,the preacher go to hear,
His style or voice to praise or jeer.
Some,forgiveness to implore,
Some their sins to varnish o'er.
Some to sit and dose and nod—
But few go there to worship God.
maintained during the remainder of
the year. The net effect of all the
changes was an increase df  £'13,891
per week in the wages of 534,1119 work
people. Of these, 381,224 received
a net increase amounting to £15,761
per week, and 132,456 sustained a
net-decrease of £1,870 per week. The
wages of the .remaining 20,419 workpeople, after, upward and downward
tendencies, remained the same at the
end of the year. In regard to the
weekly hours of labor, 3,068 workpeople had their* aggregate working time
18,341 had reductions amounting, to
43,393 hours per week. Trado disputes
numbered 506, involving 50?,538 workpeople. In addition, twenty-six disputes of 1909 extended into 1910. Tho
aggregrate duration of these disputes
amounted to nearly 9,750,000 working
days. The number of workpeople involved was the highest since 1893,
and the aggregate duration of all tho
disputes was more than double the
average of the\ ten previous years.
Coal mining disputes Involved 115,000
workpeople, the cotton trade dispute
over IOOjOOO, the shipbuilding dispute
35,000, and there was the strikes of
coal miners in South Wales, involving
large numbers of workpeople, and
some of these strikes have not yet
been settled,—Reynold's.
Coleman
Hotel
Wm. Murr
Prop.
Ta W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
-,-,\ "     —;—
Coleman, ;
Alta.
LABOR IN 1910
The Jeweler-That's All
Right on the corner
on
possible toTfansmlF*electriciI energy*^
over long' distances with very little
loss. Plants are now being successfully operated which.transmit energy
at high pressure over the country distances from 100 to 300 miles.
If this plan of burning coal at the
mines were adopted we would save all
the by-products of the coal which are
now being* wasted. Wc would also
save annually a" hundred million tons
of coal. , The fertilizer by-product of
the coal could be used in agriculture
and* thus Increase the fertility of the
soil; Increasing its productivity fully
20 por cent.
It is figured that'wo would run all
our motor vehicles on tne oils saved
and make good roads with the tar
which is now "wasted.
Summarizing the whole position, it
mny safely be sald'that wherever coal,
gns or power are' now used, everything for which thoy aro used will
bo better done when electrlliry it the
medium of application.
Ilnrdly loss important ln the all-
electric schomo Is tho question of tho
by-product which become available
by tho proper use of our conl. Thoso
consist principally of fixed nitrogen,,
together with tar'nnd oils.
Fixed nitrogen in tho forms of sul-
plinto of ammonia, nltrato "of fioda
nnd nltrato of llrno nro most vnlunblo fertilizers nnd enable land continually to produce tho nnmo crop with
ft greatly increased yield por noro,
Much has boen dono In finding out
how to bost utilize those artificial
fertilizers, but no doubt a gront donl
moro will bo dono In this direction,
nnd fertilizers will lw prepared, with
fixed nitrogen as lliolr principal rnn-
stltuent, which best suit the particular boIIr nnd crops thnt It Is desired
to donl wltli.
As thero miiut bo nn onormoun de*
tion, oil by-products will become most
Import nnl, The nceoHHlty for labor-
mivliig nppllnn'-f's* iihoiI Id agriculture
must grr-ntly add to tlio number of
motors which cnn not, accord In.: to
prosont. knowledge, lm replaced by o\or.
trlrlty,  nnd   tbotto,   no  doubt,   would
Out of the'vast amount of Labor
statistics compiled at the Board t.f
Trade offices, there are some interesting facts concerning- employment and
wages during last year." - Returns relating to. 700,000 members of Trade
Unions show that . since the early
months of 1910 employment has. on Die
whole, been fairly good, and there has
been a, slight rise in' wages. So far
as the unemployed were concerned,
last year's" percentage  was' 4.7     as
_againsL"jr.7__in 19.09.1,^.73. here— was—a
downward movement of wages in 1908,
and this was not checked till the end
of 1909. An upward * tendency„,whtch
commenced in 1910 was, on the whole
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
I
9
I
I;
CENTRALLY LOCATED
JONES
THE  POPULAK  BAKER
Coleman
WIIOJ.ESALE   A\D   II ETA 11,
ni*.vi.rcit
Special arrangements for
Parties,   etc *
' Order join* ClirlKlimiN Cuke curly
Apply  for  Prlco  List,
Brend nml Cakes shipped on tlio
.  Local for Hasten. Camps
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C. -.
•  First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNINGS/PROPRIETRESS  '
Hot and Cold Water 2 L. A.  Mills. Manager.
Mr. James Itynn has roturned from
his visit to Spokano, Jimmy 'says
thoro Ih no placo just llko Corbin.
Thoro was no snow foil ln Corbin,
lust Saturday, nnd to eolobrnte tho
event a dnnco wiih hastily organized.
Tho ladles ."God bless 'om) turned out
to a "mnn," nnd thin ensured tho sue-
cosh of tho danco, At tlio witching
hour of twelve everybody put on tliolr
own snow bIiooh nncl shuffled homo,
Torn Smith has resumed his old
plnco In tho lnmp onbln. Ilo hns had
quito n long spoil of bIoUiiphh, but ho
looks good for n fow yoiii'H yot.
Tho Htork visited tho, nlmdo of Mr.
nnd Mm .Inol'noii limt Tliurmlny and
brought rt Mnn bnby bow'  Mothor and  bo mndo to burn tlie henvlor oltowhli-ii |
child nro both well,     Thoro Is somo would bo produced as part of Dw conl
(I
am agont ior
The Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of which one
trial is all that is needed
to prove its worth.
Try "CltKMO" a ln-eak-
fast food that is a food
W. G. Warn
Gonornl Merchant
Hillcrest    -     Alia,
Weber's
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
_l^Vi_tV_«i_pi_ffi>||1ff^|iy)^i^'^rifffflj|^j|l
THE   TEPEE
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
talk of Mr. .IncltHon celebrating tho
f-vr-iit by a ten nf somo sort (whisky
preferred) to which nil tho boys nro
to bn Invited,
liy-proiluclH. \
Considering tin*- isrimrnl iif/eet nf
tho nll-olcctric scheme, In which, with
lint ininll .'Yffiidnn. Mio whole <if D'o
R. FAIRCLOUGH, *2£z*2*2*
Wo nro plcnscd to bo nblo to reportlconl in*od Is tinned Into elect-'ii-ii.*,
thnt tho coal company hnvo received j the first Important effect would be llu*
some fow orders for conl. Tho K. wivlm*? of somo SO.ofift.OOO to OO.OftO.dOO
II, C. Railway Co. oxport to bo nbloj.ons of ronl n year. Ab wo hIiiiiiM
to pay their way when tlio nows B<*tH ■ produco tho wlwlf- of our food rciulre-
oiitnldo. IniontH,   wo  Hhnuld   not,  linvn  tn  o\*>
Wo naw Mr. H. K. Nnlty worktop.; port onr cnpltnl In tho form of coil
it,, di.-.. ,-in.i_     TM*' ',' IV.' "'_""■_■*'■'■''  'j \ y., ",   ?_, r, '.,__.,     *    ;__.
rrnnilH,     Auk "Mr«. Mne." ibv -mnklni*' tho<*e two i<..vtr,<»<. We oottX'X ''
Constablo HroiiRh returned on Mnn-(proton.*, tho useful life nf our con!'
day only to pull out riRnin on Tne-wlny jmenaiiroH two and a halt Union, nnd *
JTiomlriK. The fit-ntknifin wl_o Is to, Mill havo ;u,f/f-*>,f/0& tons of coal a,
roplnc-o hlm Iuih not Hhown up yet.: yenr avnllablo for tlio hho of our j
Snowbound likely, ntonmiihlpH over nnd nbovo Iho r**>:tl >
ir'l        i      ' .< • *-> ■i-r-.i -     - .
_4 k-tiU'b   iA   ttW-C   iit --v.* I*1-**. ■__ __••__■_*   ti.*-    .U.V       e- m'tiv*'   .  .V-VjalttAl    V-tCt-C-
cer" thciA day _, IHIUy? j    Tha imvInK of lntor now cinpljnvocl In
COAL CREEK, B. C.
Tho controverBy at the club otcr
tlio smoking Question hnn been amicably Hottlod. Tho commltteo havo
decided to accept the Plattioiid Trading Company's offer to supply tho
"Off-rm  Nlitnro" froo.
(Nota bcno—Thnt packet l« nearly
finished.—VM.**
The local branch of I\ Hum* nnd
Co. wero absolutely out of meat for
ttro or three <_*>•» Uils week. Joe
Gauchler took to CAtrhlnx .ark rabbits,
but oven ho could not supply the
camp. Had tho deer heen In season
nnd Tom Rracc fn camp we couM have
torn to bed MtUfiet! ulth * "brace"
falllti*? which a "bracer,,»-
mining the vahI nmotrtit of roal nml
nlno the labor employed lu transporting tlii*-- conl and using it for the various purposes for which lt Is now required, tOKether with Iho labor employed In f■.'<•.intni", up and RCttir.R vld
of the effects ot burning roal accord-
Inn*' tn ottr rirotwnt mo.hodi**;, woull he.
ivflllnble for Ji-idltlonnl nianufni-iui-
Ing of ortlrleB now Imported.
Cheap <-lw.trl/ity would «r*atly
stimulate all manufacturing, operations, whhh would, In turn enable
labor to he much better remunerated
lliaa At pieecnt .r.ti*! to tuvjoy \ u.u*>l*>
higher atandard of comfort. The
higher value of labor *wo\ild In tu
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
.	
Refined Vaudeville ToNight
Frederick L* Webster
in His Inimitable Impersonations
A High Class Picture Show Incuding
Tracked Across the Atlantic
*
All the details of the famous Crippen case
Prices
:-:
20c & 35c •js2_****a_*fls»*t_3*J_iA^
,* -t      ■     -'   _.
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 11, 1911.
LABOR TO GOVERN
POVERTY TO VANISH
Revolution in: Europe and*
A merica Predicted by
Tom Edison
"Poverty will be abolished  from
the* world'within the next century..
Political    revolutions   are   imminent in both Europe and America.
Within a short lime England will
bo dominated by labor. In the next
decade this country may be.    ,
Civilization is ou a false basis
and must change by elimination of
the means by which any man mav
take that which he has not mado.
- Universal peace or general p'olltl
cal revolution will come within a
short time.
Gold is likely to be manufactured
chemically almost any time, revolutionizing the world's financial system.'
NEW YORK—Noted men from all
sections of the country, gathered in
New York the other week In attendance on the meeting of the National
• Civic Federation at the Hotel Astor,
were very much interested in statements made by Thomas A. Edison, the
famous inventor.
Mr. Edison thinks independence in
tho realm of high politics as he does
in electricity and,other scientific' matters, ln which he is an authority. He
is not only one of the world's greatest
inventors, but he is not afraid,to pro
phesy with confidence as to the future.
Ten Years Ahead of America
. One of the most startling statements
made by Mr. Edison is to the effect
that not only Europe but America is
on the verge of important political
and industrial revolutions. He expresses the opinion that in England
and Europe generally these revolu
tions, which will place* control of governments in the hands of-workers,
are likely to come at any moment, and
they are • not more than ten years
ahead of the United States. . The
producer, he believes ,is becoming desperate over "the constant increasing
burdens imposed by Avar preparations
and will compel universal peace, even
if it is necessary to revolutioniz-j existing governments to bring it about.
* He confidently looks forward to the
abolition of poverty through the enormous nSvimces to" be made in machln-
7e.r.V__and the,   het.tei-   fjig.i-i**r_iili**>*n nf.
wealth, which will prevent any set of
men, either through defective laws or
superior ability, from * accumulating
more than their just, share of created
wealth,
The time is at hand, also, in„his
estimation", when"the secret of artificial production of gold will bo. discovered and a consequent revolution of
the world's monetary system will be
necessary. Thc remarkable statements
of Mr. Edison were discussed with a
great deal of interest by a great ,maay
men of affairs, who'are, in attendance
at the National Civic Federation. Thev
are iiotialtogother ln accord with Mr.
iullsoii in many of his statements.
Too Optimistic,, Believes * Mitchell'
John Mitchell, former president of
lho Federation of'Unlted Mine Wo'rk-
ors, said:
"I am afraid Mr. Edison is too optimistic, Whilo lnbor hns mndo vast
strides in the Improvement, of its condition, both in Europe and America,
the labor movement Is, I fear, a* good
way from dominating the government
of, olthor tho' Unitod States or Eng-
land.
"I fear also that desirable as it may
be to so change conditions that ro
man may be able to procure for himself more than his share of wealth, it
must be some time before society has
'so developed that this evil will oe eliminated. '
"I believe civilization is gradually
developing along the, lines suggero.d
by Mr. Edison, and in time will reach
that, ideal."
Probably   Humorous,   Says   Carnegie.
Andrew Carnegie agrees \yith -"•'I*.
Edison on the proposition that universal peace between the nations will
soon bo reached. He says he does not,
however, /igree with him* that there is
liable to be acute revolutionary troubles in the immediate future.*
Mr. Carnegie0 is inclined to take a
humorous view of the sltuatio.-i that
the philosopher's stone will be discovered and that* gold may soon be made
chemically. This has been the dream
of alchemists almost since history-began and ho is not inclined to believe
It is anywhere nearer realization now
than it has been in°past ages.
Perkins   an   Evolution   Advocate
George W Perkins believes the problems Mr. Edison thinks will lead to
1 evolution will rather be settled by
evolution.
jThe minds of men rcf affairs are
turning to the settlement of these grave
questions and there'is a growing disposition, he thinks, on the part of
both labor and its employers to recognize each the'right of the other, which
will make for industrial peace and the
proper adjustment of various economic
problems which have' caused trouble
and friction. He "is not very hopeful
of an era of ■ peace between nations
for a long time to come."
■-'Many another gentleman in attendance at the Civic Federation were interested in Mr. Edison's views, but
were not inclined to believe .that his
prophecy would be fulfilled * for the
present, at least.       , ,
LONDON—Mr. Lloyd George, chancellor of the exchequer,'was mucli interested in the statement made-* by
Mr. Thomas A. Edison that England
was on,the verge of.a revolution and
____^ix_._ _fl _=	
timo   before  the   labor   element  will
dominate the government. "
"I am .afraid," he said "that Mr.
Edison is not fully' acquainted with
condition's in Englauu. I should Ifkc
very much indeed to have him come
over here and study the situation at
first hand. .Tie would find, I believe,
that England has never1-been further
from a revolution that it is at present.
We arc taking up those problems
whleh cause friction which would ordinarily lead to revolutionary feeling
among the masses of the people if
they were not solved, nnd wo .nro taking them up'in a manner which I believe will lead to thoir solution.**
Universal  Peace Far Distant
"I believe existing govornment machinery, properly directed, is competent to deal with all these probloms
I Bhould llko vory much lo believe Mr'.
Edison's prophecies thnt an era of universal poaco Is near at hnnd and that
poverty will bo abolished from tho faco
of tho, earth, but thero aro many
things to be dono boforo olthor of
theso most desirable ends will i.o
within sight."
LABOR AND THE
"SOCIAL EVIL."
By Kllwat
Tho quostion of tho "social evil" Is
wrought prominently boforo our notico
and though conmiro nnd dlsapprovnl Is
vory pronouncod, thoro nro but fow
who tako It HorlouBly onough to go
down deep Into tho quostion.
QuaclcH of all description havo proclaimed thoir own Hpeclal pnnncon for
tho ovll; moral roform longuofi spring
Into oxlstonco nnd pnflH Into oblivion;
church'pulpltB have been metnpliorlc-
nlly Hpllntcr'ed by tho florco doclamn*
tlotiB of their oecujmntH, yot nil tho
wlillo tlio ovll growH nnd Ih worming
ItHolf Into our Hoclnl fabric until, an
a cynic romiu-koil: •TroHlltullon wiib
an oHtnbllRhod Institution In bourgeois
flocloty, nnd on tho wmio plnno iih tlio
Judiciary, church, monoy mart nnd
firmed forces" Tho lnw of crnmnl-
Ity Ih applicable In the hoi-IiiI ovll tin
In nil other phonomcnii, iuul, llko n dl*
«nnno, It mimt bo dlngnoRpil correctly
boforo n ai-lonllNc mm tin ont cnn ho
applied, When llioro Ih n foul Hiiioll
with Ith Hiibuequont danger of fever,
wo do not Hpray nun do cologne nbout
lo mnko It, more pleiiHiint. wo umiiilly
romovo tho cnimo. And tho torm«
"80greK.it lon" and "moral reform" In
llko ho much mild ointment Htnenrod
on n broken limb,
TIiIh Hn-nnllnri ovll nrlnon nut nf tbe
Hox-rulntlons controlled hy ninn-mndo
Ittttt>, Ti'i.i diiti.inhiiig of (ho drink
traffic, would tittoal It m-arotdy at all,
nnd a« for tho "plnno." ot ml—well, If
tho "mnuntnlnfl won't go to Mahomet,
Mnhomot must go to tho mountalnH,"
In other word" we nJinnM een wim.
Ia a terrible r.fgli(. In llrltlsh citlos--
KOllrltlng on tho HtreetBi Tho women
nro tho victims of a mnVrulcd soelrtl
■By-atom which places nil women, virtu*
oub nnd otherwise, In an Inferior ponltlon and aro looked upon merely an
tt hoii rce of gratifying animal d-Mlres*;
also a moan* of production and reproduction. Tho woman who fall* from
virtue il) In made to carry thu bur-
don of her Bhamo alone, while the mnn
In numerous Instanc*-*- in Ionk*d up to
an n "pillar of Horlofy" ■- Thero In
many a gentleman floating about In
liOTiorc and dl«1lr.-rt|-i>n« who haa w,,\-
od hlu honor and his connelfinto by hav-
Ing at some period In hit life been
tbo moann ot Bending nnmo fioor trim-
Ing woman to a lifo of living hell.
Tho question of tho sexes Is nn old
ono; lt haB como down unanswered
from- tho orn of primitive communism,
when woman stood as nn equal with
man With tho advent of tho pntrlar-
chy nnd the methods of producing
woalth by tho onsliwoment of mnn by
hia fellows Haw tho passing of tho matriarchy, when tho chlldron traced tho
lino of descent from tho mother, and
a further degradation wns In storo for
womnn whon, In tho sixteenth contury
nt the Council of Macon, tho representatives of tho Christian church grnvo*
ly dlHciiBHod tho quostion; "Hnd a woman a houI"
That low wagon paid for fomalo
lnbor nnd tho overcrowding of tho la-
br mnrkot Is Homcwhnt responsible for
tho modern ovll (?) mont mon will
admit. Tlio long hours tending mac
hinoH ln fnctnrloH, tlm laborious toll,
thn monn homoH and tho grny llveB
of thn working cIohh, wlioro It. makes
a man Into n trnmp, Ih tho causo or
a girl dellborntoly choosing "Iho nhort,
merry life."
Tlio lnbor movomont hnH tho notation, Ily our nrgnnlznllniiH nnd tlio
electing of our roproKoiitntlvoH to tho
hulls of h'glHlnflnn, the i»r...l In vlow
Ih  the removing of labor from  the
commodity market, shortening the
workday, better hnnioH, with lelmtrc
lo enjoy nnd at inly, 7 Cat I tho finality
Ih tho Hoclnl and economic quality of
Coal Mining
in Japan
The marvellous strides, that -Japan
has made since emerging -from feudalism are scarcely appreciated' by the
peoplo of the Western hemisphere.
A description of the coal mines of
Mitsu and Co. we consider will be of
Interest to our readers both as an evidence of development and also illustrating tlie fact that in operation" they
avail themselves of the most modern
methods,
. This com pan)- operates four mining
camps, .Miike, Tagawa, Yamano, Hondo
According'to local tradition the discovery of tho coal deposit of the first
named was discovered in the year 1468
but it was only, in 1S89 that it came
into the possession of its present owners who have by economical administration and the use of the most efficient . machinery gradually increased
the output until to-day it amounts to
over 5,000 tons daily.
There are eight seams, the most important of which is free from shale or
stone, averaging 10 feet in thickness.
The coal is highly bituminous' and
possesses .great steaming qualities.
The following were the results of coal
coked in Semet-Solvey By-Product
Ovens at the Imperial Steel Works.
■ Per ton of Miike coal: coke produced, 1,471.9 lbs., gas produced, 11,659
cubic feet; coal tar, 167.9 lbs.; ammonia sulphate, 24.84 lbs.
Owing to the development of copper
and iron industries, 78-bee-hive,,ovens
are in constant" operation, the annual
output amounting to 40,000 tons.
It is intended to provide an extensive plant for the recovery of by-products. -
One of the mines is worked by incline, the others by shafts, varying in
depth"from 176 to 900 feet. The-pillar and stall system is in vogue and
the coal cutting is practically all done
by manual labor. ' '**■
.. As evidence of the facilities for
pumping, as the mines are very wet, it
rhay be -mentioned that there are 76
pumps of various types,*"Davy Differential Compounds,"^ "Sulzer Turbine
pumps," and "Schlufmuhle Direct Acting."      The aggregate H.-P for   * the
f«_ um..-ci-niuiier-oi—u"HiioTi7''i'"«ii'"ie~ih_"io7^Darana"is~a"escnueci in
the-Encyclopaedia Britannica as-"probably the heaviest existing colliery
pumping plant."
For ventilation purposes, Guibal and
Champion fans, some operated by
steam and some by electricity.,
Wolf's safety lamps" are in use in
the mino. ■, main roads and' engine
rooms are'lighted by electricity. .,
, All the mines, except one, have
dressing.,plants, provided with sels
of movable bars, Cox's gyrating
screen and a travelling picking band.
The nut coal is brought to a washing plant and  cleaned  by jiggers.
There nre 11,727 miners In all, 6,700
working underground nnd 5,026 on the
surface. One-third of the workers aro
women. , Tho convicts from the Miike
prison also work in the mines. 'Tho
truck systom is In operation, All
miners are compelled to save from five
to ten por cent of their earnings in
order to provide against emergencies.
While the mothers nro at work their
off-springs aro cared for In the throe
nurserioii provided by tho company.
Tho education of, the children is also
undor tho"1 compnny's supervision, for
which thoro aro four elementary
schools, and day and night schools aro
provided for tlio mlno boys.  '
For tho adults thoro Is a tochnlcal
school, tho ground covering sovon
ncres and tho building occupying 5000
squaro yards;
Thero Is hospital accommodation
for 70 patients and a stnff consisting
of 17 phyBlclnns, 10 nursos and a number of nttondnntH.
Tho coal Ib oxportod to Shanghai,
Hong Kong, Singapore Manila, Javn,
otc.
Thn above Is n brief description cf
tho Mllko property, tho othors being
practically ropltltlons In a goneral
hoiiho. In the,Tagawa tho long wall
HyHtom of mining has boon Introduced
with oxcellont results. Iloth methods
also nro unci) In tho Yamano. In this
mlno tho Davy and CInnnoy lampH nro
UHOll,
Tho following Ib tlio nnnlyBls of tbo
Hondo flenniH;
Will or  ,,,.. fl.r.O por cont,
Volatile mnttor 110,07 por cent.
Coko   r. 1.12 per e-mt.
Ash   fl.ni por cont,
Sulphur   0,27 per com.
Hontlng vnluo fin enlor-
los)    7..170 per cent
Wo th I tig thnt tho ntiovo Information
will enfiblp thoso who realize In a
gonornl wny Hint Japan Ih progressm,?
to gnuip tlio Bltunllou moro In detail, and thorehy form n bottor Idon
of tho liicrcnfllng Importance ns a fn-:-
Inp I-i   tli.\  iM^vtvlr..''  r"*..'-I*.-'   i' -•   M ,
Sixty Years ths Standard
A Cream of Tartar Powder
Made from Grapes
NO ALUM
ficient, thereby, changing from the
status' of importing her own commodities, but claiming entry into' the export trade to those points which,heretofore have been enjoyed by the older
countries'but in virtue of proximity, she
is in a most enviable position in the
disposition of • her surplus products.
This may probably eventuate in the
not far distant future of the*.cry'being heard of Asia "for the Asiatics, and
working in harmony with, China (just
awakening to. the realization of her
potentialities proclaim an open door
to the balance of the industrial world.
And this is not wholly void of a
irony somewhat akin, to that of Old
Mother Hubbard-when she went to the
cupboard to give the poor dog a bone.
The "Yelow Peril" is "industrial not
military.*    •* '        ,   .,
GOAL CUTTERS AND
COLLIERY DISASTERS
AFTER THE  EXPLOSION
The writer of, an article on "Rescue
Work in Mines" in the Manchester
Guardian concludes by saying-that so
far as actual rescue "work is concerned
the results attained ,so fai- are not
very.-substantial, when viewed in the
light of the great, expenditure of
thought, time aqd cash lavished upon
the subject. It would seem that-in
one important respect, at any rate, we
have been attacking the problem from
the wrong side., , What we really need
is something to,enable the entombed
men to" live and escape—to make' their
^vayT5"_he—sliaft^:(p"it'_^l~mucir~as"
something^ to enable rescuers to get
into the workings, only, in most cases,
to find the men dead. It,*is well,
therefore, to know 'that attention is
being given' to this aspect of the problem. An idea, which seems to have
caught on In France since the appalling disaster at Courrleres is the pro-,
vision of safety chambers, or' refuges,/
for the miners to get into in case of
fire or explosion. Some interesting
experiments in the utility., of these refuges have been conducted at tho
mines of tho Compagnie des Chnrbon-'
nages at Shingles, and as a result some
of the leading French colliery owners
are putting "blind" gallieries supplied
with compressed nlr, food and water,
etc., and signalling arrangements In
their pits. The general provision of
these refuges, especially If mndo fireproof, ns has been suggested would
bo costly. Still, tho suggestion'Is Interesting, and not exactly lmpractlc-
ablo. In fnct, If wo could have efficient, breathing apparatus put Into tho
pits for tho uso of the mon down below, aa wo are now providing them at
the top for tho roscuors, a great doal
might bo said for' the universal provision of theso temporary refuges. Ono
Inventor of rescue apparatus ban Just
I put on tho market what .ho terms a
I "self-reBcuo" appliance, which can bo
kopt below ground ready for uso, and ff
a man boforo being ovorcomo by foul
air, cnn secure ono of theso things, ho
can bo kopt alive for at least half nn
hour. This would glvo him n fair
chance, of getting to a vontllntod part
of tho mine, whilo If thero was a
J safety chamber within ensy dlBtanco
I ho would Btand an oxcollent oppor-.
1 tunlty of escape. Such an appllanco
j might bo an uabful to tho minor nB
! tho lifebelt Is to tho mnrlnor. , With
tho mon working thoir way to tho
flhaft or tho snfoty chnmbor, supplied
with tho breathing apparatus, at tho
samo tlmo nn tho rescue brigades woro
working their way Inward, many Hvos
might ho fltivod. Taking a brand vlow
of tho wholo problem of mining (linns-
tors and roHcuo, it Ih abundantly evident that much might, be dono, both
hy voluntary effort and wIho Rlnto
control, to roduco tho ntlll nppnlllng
mining nccldont donth roll of 1,400 a
yonr—-flvo lives por working day,—Tlio
Science and Art of Mining.
tlio noven       Tp tt  pnoottile*      T.et  rnr*
qtioto AtiKUBt Bohol, In hin masterful! land of tho Mlkndn oeeupleq
worn, untitled "Woman," which Hhould i Tho dain furnUhod Is obtained from
be Httidlcd hy carncat-mlnded men:; the controlling company, hut In a
"Tho fen* i« fea*H>l<.—she m-aimcrs*. lj.-i-.-r Iha-hc wo hope to furnish an ar
nil tho mennn of production become ,IIcle dealing moro with tho human Hldo
tho property of Bocloty, when collccjof the coal mining Industry.     ThiB
_>.*._.._>. .»..,_>*)   k..___Vin\.  An •*__.•..
NO SHORT BOUT FOR KAUFMAN
Coast Heavyweight  Prefers to  Meet
Jack Johnson In a Fight to the
Finish
Mit.    Ini,.,-    x„.    t\,n    ««»ll,«ll.»     -»
technical and uclentlflc advantages
nnd aids In tho process of production renchcH tho hlmheiit degree of fertility; and when obligation Hen upon
nil, capable of work, lo furnish a cor**
tnln men hii re of tabor to society necessary for Dw nntlntnrllom ot norlni wnnt*
Knufman, In n «tnt*n*ment, i-rindi**- tn-dny
snld hn would not ongngo In n hIx
round bout with Jack Johnson In Philadelphia. Ho wants n fish**, io a finish and Ib willing to sign article,, to
thnt effect.
labor employed, although It may ho
termed under paternalism, Ib In roallty
peonage, or moro euphemistically
"vlolont foudallHm."
For thoso who enjoy tho study of
economics these developments In tho
Orient nrn fmnttht with much tn'cro-it
In fxchango whereof *oclely Kunran-jn« they open up a splendid field for
ton to otn-b nnd nil th* -moans rrnulslt.*. srwulnfion on n rntlnn.-tl h.-iitii. nivon
for tho enjoyment of life. Womnn jr-fTtnln known roridltlonii w© way
«h«ll be llko mnn, a productive and {reach approximate effect*. Here la
tiM>ful rcieraber of vxfUty, -wjuJilrlitht-ja young country, j-racUtjiUy a pl-pny
od with him. Precisely like man. she among nations, that ha.* «eli<*d upon
shall ho placed In po*ltlon to fully J nnd enjoy* tho frultH of mechanical
dflfj-Timlr.*' h*-r fifarth-al **a<J wer-ta. .lcnowlodno Dint other countries have
fttttibi*,* tn fulfil hor dnt1*i nod ever- nrfinlrfd hy tho ...row moce-ia of nca,-
cl-so her right*. A fr«« being, and the! dual ev hit lon. taut growing Into * gl*
peer of mnn she Is safe »oal*".«t d-vjgnntlc competitor In tho world mar-
eradiation, _ket, and not only Uiomlng self-suf-
An old frigate ia moored In n canal
closo to tho most fashionable centro of
Copenhagen. On It Is a school of
ship cooks. There in an awning on
deck. Tahlen are laid out, And numerous Inhabitants of Copenhagen take
their mon!*) there, for thoy are both
varied and Inexpensive, auch aa are
served to pnvtuingixrn nn noa vnyniroa.
Wednesday, December 21, 1910, was
a black day for the colliery community
of Great Britain. , It was the date of
the disaster at the Pretoria Pit" in
the Atberton district, when the destruction of life was appalling.. Readers
are,doubtless acquainted with,the general  particulars,  so widely have the
circumstances been reported in the
daily and evening press, and we will
here only record an, interview with
Mr.,J. Gerrard, the district inspector,
in the' course of which he said: I
have ascertained that the' coal-cutler
was not at work. I went up to it
and found that the electric cable was
disconnected, and was on the reel
some yards away, so that no electricity could get to the machine. As a
matter, of ■ fact, the coal-cutter only
works in the night, and the explosion
occurred shortly before eight o'clock
in the morning. The danger associated, with the, "iron man" in tlie .minds
of the colliers is, therefore, entirely
eliminated as a possible cause of this
disaster. What was in operation there
was the, jib conveyor" into which the
coal'cut by the machine is loaded.
The operation is a very simple one.
The cutter first of all undercuts the
solid coal, which is spragged with
timber as the machine travels along,
to prevent it from falling, and the
night before the explosion the cutter
was taken" across the coal face, a length of'about 73 yards, and then run
back'to its usual place. When tho
day shift arrived they would start
knocking out the sprngs one by one
and filling the conveyor..; _ The conveyor is a kind of trough,' some yards
in length, which, is" drawn along by
ropes operated'. by electricity. Its
position Is changed as the process of
filling requires, and when It is full
it Is run to the haulage road, -whero
It discharges automatically into wagons. . Tho advantage from the uso of
tho conveyor is that It, obviates tho
cutting of ronds specially for wagons,
and thereby reduces tho cost. All
that is necessary Is to mnko ono road
for tho Intake and another for tho return of air-way. Tho position of the
conveyor at the tlmo of the oxploslon
was about 25 yards from the return
air-way, which moans that 48 yardB had
still to bo loaded. Tho convoyor wns
some throe-parts full, nnd from tho
position of tho bodios nbout lt It Is
clear thnt loading was going on nt tho
actual tlmo of tho dlBaster, Throo
mon wero between tho convoyor and
tho coal face. It Is cortaln, thoroforo,
that the convoyor was at rest, * That
means, of courso, that tho olcctrlc current was not Bwltchod on, and that
bolng bo thoro would bo no possibility
of Bpnrkfl capable/ of Igniting gaa.
Men who havo not hoon down tho
mlno nnd do not know tho facts aro
connecting tho disaster with tho uso
of oloctrlolty nnd tho "Iron mnn," Wo
aro satlBflod ouraelvoB that an rogardB
this part of tho mlno oloctrlolty as
thn cnuso of tho oxploslon has boon
ollmlnntod. Thnt Ib oxtromcly Important, Your InvoHtlgatlons .Mr,
Oorrnrd was nflkod) entirely dlsposo
of tho Idea that electric sparking In
connoctlon with tho coal cutting machinery wob tho causo of tho oxploBlon?
Mr. Oorrnrd ropliod with tho alnglo
word, "Absolutely." Jtogardlng tho
ubo of conl-cuttlng machinery Mr, Gerrard said thoro was an Idoa that tho
machinery (Unplaced labor, and thg
miners objected to It on that nccount
Tho fact was, howovor, that If tho cost
of working thin Beams was tno great,
thoy .would bo left Idlo, and tho Introduction of machinery, hy reducing tho
conl ot working, enabled seamH to be
worked thnt with hnnd labor would ho
unprofitable    In that wny machines
........    ..,-«,.nil,.   (•,,..., ™.   II    1  , »
»«'•_},.•    ..^»».....y      ............     ...^    ......at!,.     V*
•men employed,—Tho flelenee nnd Art
of Mining.
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,  D. D. S.
DENTIST. .
. . Offlc-g: Johnson-Faulkner Block.   .
Hours 9-12; 1-6; Phono 72
:ernle
B. C.
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
,:  Hours 9 to, 1; 2 to 5; 6 tb 8.,; ;
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave... ""-
W. R. Ross K. C. , , w. S. Lane
ROSS &  LANE
Barristers and Solicitors -
Fernie, B. C.
Canada,
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street"... "   Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
1     LAWE &  FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.   .
H. L. BISSONNETTE
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls  promptly made,  day* or night
i
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P. O. Box. 1126
Phone 882
R. W. McDONALD
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR
325, Fifth  Avenue, W.
CALGARY, ALTA.
I   ROMA HOTEL   %
*     Dining.Room and Beds under,   **
•jr.     New Management..    .l"
First class table  board    J
, , :    *
Meals 2Sc.   Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
jj        Rates $1.00 per day
5     R. Henderson, {D.nlngr Room Mpr
Loans
On first class
business and rest
dential~property.
DROP   IN ,AND  TALK  THE
,   MATTER   OVER   WITH   US
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
u
Fernie Dairy
FRESH MILK
delivered to all
parts of tho town
Sanders _ Verhaest Brothers.
I Proprietors
i
♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦»♦»♦♦♦ ♦♦#*
FERNIE UNJ0N_ DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No,
141. Moots ovory Frldny nl«ht at
8 V. in. Mlnorn' union hnll, J,
Jnckaon, l-rouldont; K. Mnrshnm,
Rocordlnp. Socretnry. ■
Bartenders' Local No, 614; Meeta 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Socrotary J. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel. '
One of tho most brilliant functions
wltncHBcd rocontly at lho Imperial
court ot Horlln wns thc presentation of
J.   UM.kk.U-tK    XI*   AlUC._Vil.tu_,   C>j    Amw&'A'AA-
dor David Jayne Hill nnd Mn. HIII
who woro nsslsted by their daughter,
Miss Cathorlno, , For many of the
Amorlcnns It was thoir first appearance before royalty. Mrs. Hill and her
daughter aro favorites tn Herman
court, cirtilo*, and aro amon*$ the most
popular of tho official representatives
of t-ho TTnlt#» _ Stat*-** In tnrolnn nwlnty,
we
BUY
FURSHIDES
HUNTERS'&TRAPPERS'GUIDE.U^
»**Am,tmaMl*m*t., Omaha ********** ttmvrma, tawtntt*. turwlumlai. iS
Stnti*nrSwrrt., Hmri, Trttn, Aim U». Rmtml*rY*r.lo U*r, ••( %.Urnm, • »».»
.jmi.,1 tnfpM, ll' • • »**»—* tatt,(tit*Ai— t,it*.tL InMirttiftMnwt. II *s. ItntM u.^-l l*IA
Waul, nl MM   (h_r MwH.t< IU<t>«4 tWMY'*.<l*'t.1,t«l_HiUt_ tnn |14*rMl
tt,*-***t*m*******KtM-tm********— AM*imktUa*mnmL et   WUa*
{.Uxitttine Loc*. Ho. Mi-i U. M. W. A,
Meet.*. 2-id and *ith Thursday Minora
Union hall.    I). Hoo*. Him.
Typographical Union No. 555' Meeta
hint Saturday In oach month At tho
Ledger Offlco. ' A. J, Duckleyi Sec-
rotary.
THI fERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A; McDougall, HgrV',   ;*
&!' -,-_■;-        .       ,' _. . '■•
■* -* "      ' i
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
<\
R 0 Y A1
H 0 T E L
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
Uf White Help
Everything.
Up-to-date
Call in and .
see iis once
JOHN P0DBIELANCIK, Prop.
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernio'*. Lending Commercial
unci .Tourist House   '
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
JOHN B: WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Lio,
uldator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie,
CALGARY, ALTA.
P, O,  Box 308
BL H. Depew
ELECTRICAL KNOINEER    AND
CONTRACTOR
P. O. BOX 423.
FERNIE
■*_--*.
LIVERY
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
!
George Barton    Phone 78 1
.^-^^mm.amm-i,Amam*..-am- .mam- -^-*. mama- -i^-. ____________ _., W
Local Fsmle No. 17 S. P. ef C. Meets
In Minera Union Hall eroty Sunday
nf. 7.-I/5 p.m. Kvorybndy whImih**?, t).
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamattd Society Carptntira and
Joiners .—Meet In Miner* Kail «rery
nlternafo Thursday at 9 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 807.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and.
Jolntr»_—Local 1J10. I). J. Evant,
President; F. H. 8httw, nonrotary.
**************************
SINGER
E WING
MACHINE  CO
WM.     BARTON  I
Air-nt   r*rni«   BrmneH    5
£ V-cllcitt    Ave.    Hortft I
? i
t************************! -Tjfr^'
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. C, FEBRUARY. 11, 1911.
PAGE SEVER
The Week's News fori
Our Foreign Brothers
■>i.
♦♦♦♦-»»♦♦*♦»♦»♦♦♦♦•»
♦ ■;■*•    .        :-■■■.'.♦
♦.'. UPOZORNENIA ■'*-..•■♦
'  .-:/'.'
'♦ V statnom sudohnom dome
♦ vdbivanom   v .Pbndelek dna
♦ 16hi Januara , 1911,   _ompei
♦ "Cheilll bol .ddsnanl o kraides
♦ miner v Coal Creek a odsu-
♦ , deni na 3 mesace zalaru tvldy'
♦ prace. "? •   r   ■
AVVISO ? * **
Nella corte provlnclale dl
Pernie Gennalo, 16, 1911, fu
arrestato Pompei Cheilll, per
11 latronigglo dei, carrl del
minatori, a No, 5 e No. 1
Nordo. mina, Coal Creek. _1
quale fu condanuato a tre
mesi  dl lavoro forsato.
♦
'♦
♦
WARNING
In the Provincial Court hqld.
at Pernie on Monday, Jan. 16,
1911, Pompei Cheilll was convicted of the theft of miners'
cars at'No. *5 and No. 1 north
mines,.Coal- Creek, and sentenced to three months' imprisonment with hard labor'.
Crow's   Nest   Pass   Coal   Co.
ant •Ste' retiree. Elle n'avalt d'aill-
eurs aucune valeur et avait ito faite
express-Sment pour permettre a Lewis
de deVerser sa bile sur*Feehan.. McKay, un' d-Sldgud socialiste de prove
City recut le' meme traitement.  .
La Mere Jones a adressg la convention sur la greve d'Irwin.et a denoncg
comme ils le, niSritalent les juges et
ieurs, injonctions.
Apres un appel par' Mile Agnes Nestor, de Chicago,, la convention vota
d'envoyer $500 aux ouvrleres en greve
dans cette ville.
Des resolutions ont "fit's pnSsentdes
demandant que Ia greve soit continuee
dans la region d'Irwin tant que les. patrons n'auront accddd aux demandes
des ouvriers.0 Une proposition d'abo-
lir le Bureau Exccutif International
dont les fonctions seralent* rcmplies
par les presidents des divers districts,
rgduisant ainsl les frais, soulevera de
fortes, discussions quand ello sera
pr^se en consideration.
A Nos Lecteurs
Francais et Beiges
kteri za" svoje neprbduktivho delo
vsako leto po2ro okroglo 70 milionov
dolarjev. Vseh^duhovnov od vseh
verskihsekt'je po zadnjem fitetju 168,-
378. Koliko pa izmolzejo cerkve potom svojih privatnih §ol, samostanov,
bolniSnic in raznih. drugih ■ ingtitucij,
je nembgoCe povedati. . Znano je le
toliko, da religiozno ljudstvo — najveC
izseljenci —■ zabije vsako leto v nove
cerkve In druge verske^ zavode okrog
80 milionov dolarjev. Z gotovoatjo
se more trditi, da vzdrievanje cerkva
v Ameriki stane na leto okroglih 300
milionov" dolarjev.
AH je ljudstvu treba 8e teh, ogrom-
nih stroskov?—Proletarec. .'
secretaire interna-
COLUMBUS, Ohio., 20 janvier.
—Le rapport de Hays," le jeune vice-
president des mineurs est un interessant,. document" et il n'oublie pas de
leur dire que s'lls souffrent de tant de
' manieres c'est que .par leur indifference' ils'ont "permis l'accroissement
d'abus de ■ tous genres. f'Et il leur
dit qu'll est temps qu'ils se mettent
a employer.,leur,bulletin de vote, leur
pouvoir politique dans leur propre in-
tdret. ' . .-,,','
Les     mineurs     ont     adopts     au-
jourd'hui.     une      resolution*-j   (men-
acant.     de      se      retlrer , , de    ■ la
Federation, si les mineurs de l'Ouest
•'n'y-etaient pas admis..,  Dans l'apres*
mldi .'on apprit que les gros bonnets
qui forment le conseil executif de la
-Federation avaient decide d'admettre
-^la-FfidGratlon-des-Mineurs'der-TOueBtr
Si  l'Unlon   Internationale . s'etait   retiree de la' Federation, c'eut ete de la
debandade.
- Gompers et ses amis l'ont bien com-
pris et devant la menace des mineurs
ils se sont hates de capituler.
C'est une victoire, de plus pour la
forme Industrialist*} ..^'organisation, les
mineurs de l'Ouest comme l'Unlon Internationale des,mineurs nialntenant
leur juridiction sur TOUS les ouvriers
employes dans leur Industrie qu'ils so-
lent mineurs, charpentlers bu m-icanlc-
.lens.
Mr. Perry,,  le
tlonnl, a recu l'ordre aujourd'hul da
. chnnger do pension.
II etait descendu. a l'Hotei de Nor-
mandle, uno plnee tres nrlstocratique
et1 run des (l<$l(5gu<5s negrcs ayant
voulii lul rendro visile rocut l'ordro do
passer pnr uno porto do derriere et
do po Borvlr do reicvnteur qui monto
et dcnconcl his mnlles et mnrchaudlso
Lo deiegud prdfdra nnturollomont ro:
mottro Rn vlsilo porta plalnto devant
l.a, convontio.i ct Porry recut ford/ode
demdnngoi' dnns un Hotel ou un negro serait1 lo blon vonu commo un
blnno.
Dos resolutions cn favour d'uno
Bravo K&idrnlo, on favour d'un plan
do pension pour los mlnours ages on
Incapable do irnviillllor, cn favour do
I'nbollllon des Cocnques do la Pommy-
vnnlo, onl. ete present'Son,
Une resolution a aiiHsl ete prdnon-
teo iloninndnnt qu'll no soit pormls n
nucun monibro do In Federation Clvl-
quo do pui'tlclpor mix trnvnux do la
convontlon. Cotto resolution ost surtout dlrlR'lo conlro "John Mltcholl1) La
"Moro Jones" oHt nrrivde a Columbus
nujoiird'hul.
Cotto npres*mldi .Intnos Purcell, vlco-
lirdHklcnt du district ct Tom Lowls
ont on de olminlen (IIsi'iihsIoiis ii propos do !) (li'li^iu-H do co district quo
Lewis ot boh jimtIkuiih voulont ndmot*
tro innlm*-** ion protestations dos offl-
■rlois ilu district, los localcn roprttann-
tecs n'etnnt put* en roKlo nvoc Io ills*
trict, Lowls dit qu'elh'H sont en ro-
Kin nvoc  lo  Huronu  Central ot  (inn
(fill   HUfflt.
Foolinii ii ete ndmlH coniino deiegue,
In protest nt Ion dn non nilversnlroH ay*
COLUMBUS, le 24 janvier—Plusieurs deiegues sont d'avis de tenlr la
prochaine convention a . Milwaukee.
Leur reception a Columbus, vllle entierement* dominde par les exploiteurs
n'a gue're ete cordiale etil n'est guere
probable qu'une autre convention na'
tionale se tienne. ici de longtemps. "
Vers deux heures, cette apvesmidi,
le comite charge de compter les votes
a presente son rapport. . Pour president, White a* recu 98,934 voix et
Lewis 72,' 190 1-2, ce, qui donne a
White une majorite de 26,743 1-2. Pour
vice-president Hayes a ete eiu'par une
riiajorite a peu pres se'mblable. Perry
a ete reeiu secretaire. Les deidgiies a
la convention de la Federation Amt-ri-
caine sont; Mitchell, Hayes, White,
Walker, Lewis, McDonald.-et MeCullough.       ~ .
Des que les rapporteurs eurent flni
de^.domrei-_e resultat des elections,
Lewis appela White et prGsenta le
nouveau, president. Celuici declara qu'il n'aurait en vue, duraht son terme,
que l'interet des mineurs et qu'il an-
noncerait son programme, quand il
prendrait charge au mols d'Avril.
Quand White eut fini Lewis declara
qu'il se retirait flcr de savolr que'les
mineurs etaient mieux* payds que jamais auparavant (il oubliade dire qu'ils
paient aussi plus que jamais auparavant les ehoses necessaires a la vie et
qu'ils auraient pu etre mieux payes si
l'interet des mineurs "avait toujours eu
precedence sur l'interet * personnel des
officiers)-et"q"ue~i'orgariis"atioirTrv"ait"
aussi plus de membres que jamais auparavant. II dit que'les mineurs ne
devraient jamais etre satisfaits' tant
que leur .situation ■ ne sera, beaucoup
meilleure et que la. journde de 8 heures
ne soit generale dans tout le pays, 11
repeta qu'll ne vendrait pas ses con-
naissances aux patrons et qu'il vlend-
rait a la prochaine convention comme
un deiegue de la mine: .
Le resultat des elections montre encore une fois que la masses des mineurs est loin d'etre aussi avancde que
la plupart des deiegues a une convention. Alors que ln Federation Civl-
quo est condamneo pnr presquo tous
los deiegues, John Mitchell qui recolt
un salairo de'$6,500 do cette Federation pour ondormlr les ouvriers, a ob-
tonu un plus grand nombre do voix
que n'importo quel autre cnndldnt pour
deiegue a In convention do la Federation Americinne.
COLUMBUS, les 26 Jan—La convention a endosse In grdvo dans les regions d'Irwln,Pn„ et de Tiiscftrnwns,
Ohio. L'nssesseincnt do 25 nous pnr
semnlno n ete rddult a 50 sous pnr
mols. La Federation Clvlquo iv 6te
condnmndo par lo plupart dos ddld-
guds nujoiird'hul. Son plus ni'dont
tiefensour dtnlt Patrick Flnnoy do
Brucoton, Pn., un polltlcion qui a dos
aspirations assez dlovecs ot suit qu'll
iv plus de chonco do pnrvenir cn nynnt
lo Boutlcn des DONS capltnllstos.
II a niiBsi dtd ddcldd do nommor uno
commission do trois mombros qui pre*
parernlont dos plans pour la construction d'un bntiiuont dans uno vlllo con-
trnlo pour los huronux do 1'Unlon ot
pour les conventions. Co eomltd fora
son rapport n la prochnlno convontlon. Loh mlnours comm-wr-nt a
coiiiproiidro qu'ils ont ddja pnyd on
loyor uno soinmo plus qui. Hiifrisnnto
pour imyur uu hunii bntlmont cl qu'll
est tonips do cliniiKor do-Hystomo,
Les (leidgndn onl offort n Lowls un
mohlllor do bureau. Mmo Lowls dtnlt
prdHonto mi moment do ln pi'i-incntn-
t lon.
La pmcluilno cnn von lion mini Hon
n liidinnnpnllH.
2    OBORU    PRACE=
Konvencia banikov, ktora prave teraz zaseda v Columbus, 0.,'jo dosi' bur-
liva, ale pri torn je i na p'racu,, dost'
plodna. T. Lewis, h'avny predseda
slup.ehych banikov, nebol zvolen^ do
svoijho uradu.na jeho mlestD^ol zvo-
leny za hlavndho predsedu j) P. White
zlowyvafi§inou 26,743 hlasov. T. L--*<Yis
podl'ahnul intrigam !uradnikov, Ktorl
fienavidell Lewis sa pre jeho spruv-
nost', prlsnost' apokrokovitost', N_
konvencii banikov prislo na -protraa
zlodejskd 6afarenle s peniazml, ktord
boly urcend na podporu stavkuj'ucich
banikov na irwinskej okolicl. Martin
Flyzlk, Slovak, ktor*/ je narodn-?m or-
ganisatorom slufien^ch banikov, uvie-
dol svojou zpravou celu konyenclu do
vel'-kdho, rozruchu. On ,toti2 bol na
v^bore, ktori' vysetroval' pomery na
irwinskej okolici,. kde naSlel pomery
priamo 'hanebhd. Flyzik sa bsvedfiil,
ie diStriktni uradnici nemoZu vydat'
pofiet ohl'adne ch*ybajucich "penazi * zo
strajkoveho fondu, a obvinoval ich, ie
e§te"aj mena obchodnikov polozill na
listinu .tych, ktori mail byt'. odkazani
na podporu. Uradnici-pittsburgskdho
diStriktu ' vydall pod poloSkou: "na
stavkujucich banikov ha irwinskej oko-..
lici" ohromnd summy penazi, ale ne-
maju ani'jednej'stvrdenky, a je doko-
zane„ ie hladujucim banikom dali z
tej summy len nepatrnuciastku. Sum-
ma takychto penazi prevysuje $300,000.
Na konvencii bola tieZ prijata resolu-
cla proti tak zvanej "Civic Federation"
a Tcaidf. banik, ktory k tomuto telesu
prinalezi alebo prinaleisat', bude, ma
byt' z unie vyluCen"*/. Resolu'cia tato
je namierena. hlavne proti b^vaiemu
bohovi ' slu6enj>ch . banikov, Johnovi
Mitchellovl, ktor*/ je.u spomenut.ej fe-
doracie zamestnan? do tajomnik so
$6,000,rodndho platu: TJ>mto aktom
je John Mitchell pre .buducnost' medzi
banikmi znemoSnen**/, — Vybuchuhl'-
oveho prachu alebo nashromazden*ych
vJ-buSh^ch gasov udal sa v Hugeslon
uhl'odole dis. , 10, ktoreho majltel'om
je Pennsylvannia Coal Com. v Pitts-
burgu. Vybuch bol tak mocn.*/, ie
znidil vel'ku dast', uhl'odolu, pri dom
prislo nlekol'ko banikov o 2iyot a
mnohl boli viacej-m'enej popaleni. gest:
¥anikov bolo z bane zachraneno zach-
rainiiou datou, ktora hned'.pb vybuchu
zahajila zachrannu Cinnost'. • Z tychto
Siestich banikov su Styria smrtel'ne a
dvaja t'aiko popaleni. Jako vzdy, tak
ani teraz sa hevie, mnho-li banikov
bolo v dobe vibuchu v bani, ponevac
y techto ohl'adoch je vedenie knlh
vel'ml nespravne. "(.radnicl spolod-
nosti tvrdla, ■ ie ch-yba "len jeden
banik." 7 Hned' potom bolo vytlahnuto
rid. povrch bane d'al§Ich pat' banikov,
vgetic smrtel'ne popaleni, tak Je niet
nadeje na ich zachranenie. Kto bude
za tieto zraarnend. to bude za tieto
zmarnene. .> Kto bude za tieto zmar-
nene ilvoty zodpovedny? Nikto, ok-
rem Zo by to sviedll na niektordho
mrtvdho banika.—Rovnost L'udu,
SERVANTS   AND   MASTERS
By Hugh  McGeo
Tho Catholic World of January
quotes tlio official proclamation of tho
Roman Catholic Church, delivered by
the Italian Apostolic Delogato to tho
United Stntcs, as follows:
"To tho poor ond Laboring Clnssos:
"llomomber thnt you wero created
for n bettor and happier ond tlinn
merely earthly iiobhohhIoiib and transitory enjoyment,
"Porform fully and faithfully   tho
works which have been freely and according to equity agreed upon.
, ,"Do not injure the property or outrage the person of your master.".
He,then admonishes the capitalist
masters:    .. *        ,
"Pay just wages to your workmen;
do not impose upon them labor which
is beyond their strength, or unsuitable
for their age or.sex.   ..
"Be a' benevolent father rather than
a  stern • toaster..'
Is this mandate a basic concept of
twentieth century civilization?
No! Business and not ethics,to-day
rules the world.
To-day the ruling classes of the
world are' not the endowed classes,
but the business interests, who have
acquired possession of the taxing privileges by*shrewdness and stealth and.
are either.active in competitive struggles or are specially allowed by the
legality of government to buy freely in
the labor market and sell their commodities, which are necessary for life
under civilization, at their own price.
Hlllalre Belloc, the authorize dCatho-
lic historian, ln the same issue of the
Catholic World, states that in the third
century, when the Roman Empire was
beginning to' decay, that "the growing minority in the empire was a true
political organism, recognized as the
the Catholic Church, whose various
heads, as bishops, deacons and priests,1
were legally endowed, according to
the Roman law, with,property in lands
slaves, and commodities."
"It was a state within a state."
To-day it is fiendish and damnable
to promulgate or enforce ideas that
were admissible under third century
slavery. ',*..*
The theory of the right of existence
of masters and slaves if they become
known, by the starved aiid overworked majority, as being the accepted
belief of the ruling class, would result
ln "the same revolt that every similar
expression of the ruling classes has
brought about within the past twelve
hundred  years.
Lloyd George lately stated .officially
that of, 420,000 adults who died last
year in England, 2,000 possessed.$375,-
000 each: 70,000 possessed $11,000
each; 350,000, or 80 per cent., died
paupers in privation and destitution.
These 350,000 men and women, "fully and faithfully worked for their masters" so "that they themselves might
die paupers... *.-.''
These 72,000 paid the workers *just
wages,'" so that they could die paupers
and thereby attain "the better and
happier ? end,'.' * whicn the Catholic
church promises as their heritage. ■
The" English aristocracy, without
protest from the church dignitaries,
have driven the English men, women
aiid children from the country homes
into the city,slums so that stags,
pheasants and partridges might have
free fields and the masters suitable
hunting—grounds. '7,
The fact that reading and writing
are necessary qualifications for the
workers of to-day to enable them to
properly carry out the requirements
of their masters' needs, is the one ray
of light that cheers the thoughtful
student of the world history.
The Socialist philosophy, in its dissection of the past and knowledge of
the present advances a social system
that is in harmony with present advancement and Is necessary for its
perpetuation.
The Socialist recognizes that the
working class to-day constitutes the
active and directing force of civilization, and that if they do accept the Roman ideas of the third century, they
will sink to its barbnrlsm,
Twentieth century conditions cannot
exist under third contury laws or
ideas.
ORANGE JUICE INEBRIATE CURE;
MAKES    BAR   .ODOR
, "DISGUSTING"    .
Doctor Tells Vegetarian Society Cook-
' ed Food is Source of 95 per Cent of
All    Human  ' Ills—Unfried    Viands
Ideal. %
Knights of the flowing bowl, attention! ,
If you wish to stop dallying with
the cup that cheers, eat oranges.
. The advice was given by Dr. George
J. Drews to the Chicago Vegetarian
Society itt an address on "Cooked
Food vs. Unfried Food.'        .
"Orange juice is the best' antidote
for an - alcoholic, appetite," he said.
"When any one feels a desire to drink
anything intoxicating all he has to'do
Is to buy a couple'of oranges. After
eating them the desire will soon pass
away. -The secret, lies in the sugar of
the orange. It Immediately causes
a wholesome'disgust even for the odor'
of n bar-room.
"About 95 per cent of all diseases are
caused by eating cooked food. That
is because food coming in contact with
fire makes it unnatural. It gives it
a sweet tasto which causes an nbnor*.
mal appetite. . In consequence , the
system becomes overworked and the
blood deteriorates."—Chicago Tribune.
BACK TO THE  LAND
Bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
Capital Paid Up   .     _     .    .
Reserve and Undivided Profit*
$2,750,000
$3,250,000
$6,000,000
Total Assets
Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R, LAWRY, Agent
FERNIE
TEMPLE  FOR   FEDERATION
WASIIINGON, D.C.—Tho plans for
tho creeling of n $1,000,000 offlco
building hero to be usod as heodqunr-
tors of tho American Federation of
Labor was announced to-dny hy tlio
executive bonrd of tho federation. A
commlttoo has been nppolntod to drnw
up plans and mnko ostlmatos,*
Coal Mine Regulations
A Good Idea In Hair
Treatment
The troublo with moit women's halt
la tint they won't tako tho tlmo ta
rive It proper treatment. Jf you want
pour hair to have that look of lujitn
and vitality, you must tako oaru of It.
Tou cannot expect to have uptondtd
fialf If you limply run, a comb tlirouxh
■th»'"out"ar 'iiiii
In tho bill to consolldalo np>l nm-aml
tho Coal Mlnos Regulations Act now
boforo tho legislature at Victoria there
Ih much food for thought, mid it Ih reassuring of n healthy motlvo on tho
part of lho government (n provldo n
fullor measure of safety for tho mon
who toll ln tho mlnoB,
Thoro nro many claiiRos that may
oxclto criticism hut nftcr nil tills Ifl
ono of Iho prlmnry purposes nf tho
now monHuro, Cnnnila today has lho
InrROHt dcntli list per thousand In con-
ncetlon with coal mlnoH nf nny country In tho world, nud It Is nintiiro tlmo
thnt snmo effort wns put forth to In-
cioiiho lho safety nppnintim nud to
render movo lmi>voveil* fncllltles for
rescuing mnn froin tho mlnoH In tho
event of disaster,
Tho MnnchoRtr-r flunrdlnn ohnorvos
that, in the mattor of mining dlHitHtor
CERKENI   TflUBT   V   AMERIKI
AnirrUko corltvo prolinRJo v hog-
astvu vhiiU ponnme7,!i! trust v roimhllkl
Hoi-knfclhM'. Moruiiii, CiiiiipkI-* In Armour so ti Hvojlml nilllnrdnnil il-llci!
odr/nd,     Iz poroclln vlndncRti ccii7.iimi
od I, l!to« Jo rnzvlilno. da tm ccrkvo j and i-ohciio much will havo to ho dono
naive-Mi kapitfllHt v Amorll.1. ,,| voluntarily nnd hy wlso control lo ro*
In Franco j overman will ho nol bnck lo thn plnno! trol
Vi'L'iluom 'ui'livenc pohcbII ln Imoljn duco tho nppallliiK niortnllty..
> /.linfinln  I.  1001 po vlndiioin porn-; non-it- of tho i-olllnry'owner
nccrulnR Is nbhorront to thoso whoso
solo Intorost In nny Industry Is
PROFIT. To put It still mote brutally, hut nono tho loss truthfully plain,
whon it costs moro to kill a human
holiiR thnn It does to Install a unfoty
chamber, then tho expenditure will ho
Justified,)
It would ho unwind for us to pass
detailed criticism on onch bf .tlio clnu-
ses "Involved In tho now nionsiiin fnr
wo would prefer to commit thnt to
mon moro competent to crlllclno, mon
who nro moro familiar with tlin rudiments of coal inlnliiK- Tho only clnuso
which would fiii(?K_ nt liardslilp undor
By Ralph Korngold.
"It's all the workingmen's fault. Why
do they crowd into the cities?,   Why
do they not go on the land nnd be
independent?"
Such Is the cry of the hybrid political reformer.
Does he know whereof he is speaking? " *'
I have Just made a tour of northern
Minnesota and have spent * several
weeks among the homesteaders who
have heeded-the cry of—
"Back to the land!"
- Most of them are workers who know
little about farming. They have gone
on the land hoping to improve their
condition.
Have they done'so? Let us see.
The houses they live in are decidedly inferior to their dwellings in the
cities. In fact, most* of the houses,
are "So wretched that In some instances'
they are worse than the abominable
rookeries" found in a city slum. Most
of. them in this cold climate are tar-
paper affairs; some of them are log
cabins, often.without a door in them,
because the men of the family are too
busy hunting for work in the nearby
camps to keep the rest of the family
from starvation and have not the time
to attend to such details.
I stayed with a typical,homesteader's
family one, might. They lived in two
rooms, - made of old planks and tar
paper. Seven children, boys and girls
.of-all-agesrslepWn-one-roomrthe-fath.-
er and mother slept in the other. This
second room was also sitting room,
parlor and kitchen. The oldest girl
and the school teacher, who hoarded
with the family, slept behind a curtain
in.the first room.
I have met one family of ten people
who, together with a paralytic grandfather, now dead, lived for two years
on bread and tallow... For two years
this was their only diet, except Sum
days, when they had lard, instead of
tallow and moIassesv
The father of the farnily was a city
working mnn. Ho had saved up a few
dollars and thought he would got a
homestead. Ho bought a wagon, two
horses and some tools and took his
fnmlly out. The roads were-so ahom
Innblo thnt the horses sank into tho
mud up lo tlioir bellies and had to ho
dug out. One of tho horses died on
the way.
When ho had built a shack "for tho
fnmlly ho and his brother, who wns In
(ho party, wont, out hunting for work.
Thoy got a job sawing logs, They wero
unaccustomed lo this work, und also
did not lmvo tho nocessary tools. They
found that between them they were
able to mnke seventy-flve cents adny.
Ills homestead was. locatod eight
miles from tho rnllrond, Having Ills
own horso ho wns.nblo to bring in
llio necessary supplies himself. Other
homostondors, who did not havo tliolr
own outfit, hnd to pny flvo dollnrs for
ovory ono hundred pounds limited to
them.
Aiioilior settlor, who found himself
compound to borrow seventy dollnrs
from tho hank, Hiving a chnttol mort-
kiiko hh security, had to pny ton por
cont a month—not a yonr, mind ynu,
hut n month. Of courso It wan ognlnst
the lnw, hut he could tnko It or leavo
It.
Htlll nnotlior, nftor clearing hin land,
raised his first crop of hay. Ilo hnd
n gnnd prop, about twenty touH, Then
tho lumber compiiny wnntod to float
lis In..*-* nnd rioodml tho Hiirrouiidlng
homestonils, Ills crop was kist.
Ho tlnmnndpfl cnmpoiiHntlnn from tlio
cmnpniiy, hut tho roinpnny officials
Hlmply laughed nt hlm. Mo hnd no
money, hut wont io ll.-mldjl, hoplm?
to lm nblo tn find n lnwy.-r who would
ORIGINAL  18504 CHARTER
QUARTERLY DIVIDEND NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at the rate
of SIX PER CENT per annum has been declared
upon the paid-up Capital Stock of .The Home Bank
of Canada for the three months ending 28th Febru-'
ary, 1911, and the same will be payable at the Head
Office or any Branches of The Home Bank of Canada on and after the Ist March next.
The Transfer Books will be closed from the 15th to
the 28th February, 1911, both days inclusive.
By Order of the Board, JAMES MASON,
Toronto, January 18, 1911 '    General Manager.
"    '   JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry'Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
bak£r avenue
BRANCH   AT   HOSMER,   B.C.
fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found  In such a display of
Meats
We havo the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
nnd Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 5G
Bottled Goods a Specialty
60 .YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights Ae.
Afire****-. Bonding a (.Vote*, and dotcrlntlon mar
qnlcklr Ascnrlnlu onr opinion froo whothor an
Inroimrm Is Iirobnhlirpatorilnl.Uv Communis*,
tloniiitrlotlycouliuoiitlal. HANDBOOK on I'ntmiu
lont (rae. Qlilcat .iconcy for nocurmif WHOM*..
1'ntoMH tlikon tlirounh Munn & Co. receive
tptcial notice, without olinrno, la tno
Scientific Amtricait.
A bandBOtnoly llinntratod vfockly. IWuoot ei_r»
.... . — _..      *,    "lormti Jtor
Wold bjr
A UMiQBOmoiy ■■■i*..rn.mi wocKiy,  i_art.	
culntlOD of ony tciomltlo Jourmil,   'Jorm-i Jtor
''uimdu. f U6 a your, |iuutni.'0 propuU),
II uowadunlor*.
iWUNN SCo.3eiBro*dway-New York
%neh 5ace7&5 Jf BU "W-u-.lilli.io" W.B.
List of Locals District 18
NO,
20
•iSl
m
2103
9-1!)
1378
aim
2227
2.178
2877
2178
21188
2.114
2107
IO.'iS
f.7'1
I2a:i
2829
..Corrodo-l hy District flwr otiu-y up lo Novomhcr 19, 1010.
NAME SEC. AND P. O. ADDRES8.
rinnklieiul ....    F, Whcntley, Ihmhhonil Alln.
Denver Creole ,, \\\ WiitROii.. Houvor Creek, vin Plnclior.
Ilollovuo    I. Ihivko, Ilollovuo. Krnnlt, Alia.
lllitlnnoro  JamoH Turnhii II, Hlnlrmoro, Alborta.
Ihirnils   :  TlioniiiH (iioBory, HiirmlH, Alln.
Cnnmoro  I. Noll, Cnnmoro, Alia.
Colr-mnn     W. Crahriui, Colomnn, Alia.
., (!.   M.  DuvIoh,   Cnrhoiulnlo,  Colomnn, Altn.
,, ti, lliK.'lcliiH, Carillff, Alln,
.. It.' .lonoB, Cnihln, 11, C.
Carl-nn-hilo ..
Cnrdlff   	
Corbin   	
Diamond City
Kdmonton ..
Komlo  	
li Inlo a *..'*
,!?.
• 4      *..,„   t*   m   u*«s   VII
with it brush—lhro-w
i. .-.«.* * *•■*.■»—an'tU'l. ii lUOui'ii Um
nud—-Jab In a few tiftlr pin*—and tot
Hair It Uie any other erowlnsr thine
•Ht neeie attention—It ntide care—it
ntefli thorouth .irootninv regularly*—
not enlr the hair but the icalp.
U you hare the time and patlenci
3-ii.    W'i__.'i   __4«>X   *uJ    La.'1   H/wV.t/—-'i. u.
njo*t women .haren't. The next b*«i
thlnr If «r*l_» tllnutone, it le tin
font thlnr otterei to take the plaei
er heart of oomblnr and hruehlnv.
It tonea* up the reett, brlehUne thi
•eler. Imt.revea.the tenure ind inakei
"•tar vraeefullr where it Is put.
—  r "
u*y
ttmrniB-I
cortnln --oitdlHotiH Im Hint ImiiOHlnK n
,roHUlntlon hy which eaoh mlno mum. * i'IkIii IiIh ciiho for hlm nud rocolvo IiIh
hnvo n Hopnrnlo mnnnKor. I pnynioiit wlion tlio ciiho wiih won,   Nol
Ah Siipoilnt-t.iut-.-iit Chmlo*. (iridium, * ti lnwyor lu ll.*nil*l,)l would lnko ii|) tlio
of the* Mlddlf-ahoro lolllcrlcH, wisely,ui.in. Tlio diihw-.i* lie rocolvod from
polntH out, tlio now law will mono i nil of thorn wnH thai It wna no two, It
tho demoralization of tho proHont Krml-| lind hoon Irloil hoforo. Yon" enn't
Ini?  syHtoni.'     Il   will  in ran  tlmt   iiii [bont th_ lumbor i-nnijmny,    Tlmy con- j 2.I.II
llio bulKon and Rot tliolr own j 2.'I.12
jo /.nnfiiiln I. 1001 no vlndnoin poro- Ihoiiu1 of tlio colllory 'nwnera are In- j of flro bontt. Aa Mr. (Irnham nrRiiox,! Jury. A ciiho wiih (old mo or ndoputy ! 2.189
■Min $1,257/175,807; protoHlniiHlio cer-JBlnllliiK blind snfoty rlinmhcra whoro | If tho proHont atniiilnrda nro nnt niiHh-I hrlniFln*. n vonlro intn thY, nr,,,rtrr,r,m '• 1""
\„.,, rir,.-;,x,.t.i. »'"',1!2,•■•:',, ].:,[„.'.::,... jj<tw 1J<<(j Bt.,.n ,vmnv. nivav ennui-ji.ieiory why not elovnto t^io mnndnrd | who wan hhiutly told by tho Mi^lff ■ l!,r'»
»2fl'»,iia8,7R7, 0Kti»llh tW.Wtm vn rn-'iuT*. m-r* furnlrhcrt wllh nlr .'ir wtjl * nf |..vjWli;..-...'_„._p {{,. tU-vilivi iuuul. ,iii »i*.ttr-»hou>'h hcuriiiK "Whnl llio li—
zno driiRO corkvo, To Btovllko «o pn jnn fond nnd othor menm** of milmlH-llf Iho prcsoni Ktnndnrd In 'ill that If1 did yon hrliii; thnt huiuh for? I litu'l
ie Stlrl lota Ktarw In v toni Cfimi no Jojtonco for mon who may bo Imprison, jnhoiild bo, thon why compel tho *>m*'iiHo thom. Cn nnd *-**<•( mo n imnrh of
-T.rkYfr'l bttfilti.] bier,   dromn  lahko Cl| ihoro.    Tho initial cost of limtnl- j plnymont of Indlvldunl mnnn..<.ra nnd • other mon,"
Hns theso i-hnmbom Ih Rront nnd It | tho hiimlllntlon of prosont RrndlnRS? |    At  nnotlior tlmn tlio lumbor com-
would bo Imposulblo fo nntlcipato mich i This  retrnliitlon  would  work well  in
('harlcH Orhan, Dlnmond City,    I-clbrliiKC
M,  IJoiilc, 431  l.onio Htrool,  Norwood, I3i';*iionton.
1), IlecH. l-'ornlo, tl, C,
rrnnk  (i. Nicol, Fiank, Altn.
Hosmor  I. Ayio. llo»im<.r, II. (.',
14
Hilli:M*hl    ,,	
I,(•llllllIdl^d   	
I.llh	
Mnplo l.ouf  ....
Michel   	
I'nHHhiii'K	
Iloyal ColIIorloB,
fnv. . .'...,
Tnbor   	
Monarch  Mlno,   .
.1     Lm,   .loilllrt.   llllU'lTHl,   Alta.
Ii.     Momi',     JMi.     Uox     llll,   Lclhlirldfio.
\V, ii. KvtniH,  I.lllo. l-.-nnl:, Altn.
M.   tJlldny,   Mnpl<*   I.'-nf,   llolloviu*. Aim.
M. liun -i'il, Michel, Jl. C.
.Iim, DhvIm, I'liiiHbur*.. Albnrtn.
.InmoH McKinley, Iloyal Colliery, LethbildKO, Alln.
^»*IMI*.*  ,,' 11        'I'    I I ', ;
K.  Hrown." Tnher,  Aim.
.1. C. IhiKhoH, Tnbor, Albortn,
.   \nm  ran
*» Jhe ti
ArYut|nVliural1r  mitaifiee   thi
***'.*ttV ttra»ti1*t ehetrtallr ree*
pmlvojil, tni.o dn /.nn&n dniiori nml dvo
mlllnrdl  dolnrjov. Voh    tn    ORromnl
ii.i.vlu.l i,.- It Li *-*x**i* ', *.v*.J.t-j.J., *~a;xi- JM.unn.ne   ouim.vR   in   nils   country
v*l, tSole, acmonirien. IttoMrl In neftto-} whoro tho Industry ih but In Ita dovo
vllnl dniRl lavodl In posostva   nlso
Kor Hale nnd (luaranteed by
Hale and (luaranteed
N. E. 8UDDA0Y
0_§ tor «*eb tvwyiriy __s_m|
Ini drtiKl invodl In posostva
vStotn nciiiknj. navno (ako nl vSt-sto
prlvnlno ImotJo posnmoznlh voJJIh In
mnnjllh corkovnlh kIbv, t. J. Ikofov,
nadikofov, lupnlkov itr]. kl nnravno
fudl nbaavx na. mlttona la mtllone.
Slromaina cerkev! In pomlillll raor-
amn, dtt je von tn hnnltnl popnlnnmn
rorter «ft IJudistvo; drlava hIi/ib nitl
najmanjle korlitl od texa, In le
nttVai: ofrronna ctrhvtna potftha, ktera te cenljo na mlllarde io proata
raakega davka! Drlava prolektlra cer-
kre, daje Jib vm ihobo-lilne—ie v»S
tnlror Jib -Mafutljo -■• a na JuM altl
centa od njlh. Zopet Jedna alike
blatneita Icapltatlitieneita atatema!
Abi pak to I* nk va*. Pol** cerkva
so   le   uebrojnl r*gfn*ntl dahomov,
topmont ulnBOfl nnd the financial conditions would not Justify the cxpondl-
ture. ■
(Ed.—8trlppod of InnKiinKo venoer
nnd Retting down to tho bedrock of
truth the above ser.1 etuo ..lunlfleH thnt,
bocauso human lifo and limb are an
cheap, conacqucnt upou thc luiciuu
competition prevullinn; among tho peddlers of the commodity labor power,
coupled wltb the fact that property-.
Interest* representative* predominate
Iu thn legislative halls, It Is far cheap-
er to incur tha risk of slaughtering a
few laluet* than Jit-kllll** the -fttpen ..
turo of (nitalllnn rescue chambers.
We are told that naturo hates a vacuum and, likewise the thought of
money spent without materiel benefits i Advocate
bwiio mli.cn, hut history proves that
wlioro tho nddltlonnl official hns been
necessary he has been employed nn In
tho enso of No. 1 mine of tho Western
Fuel Co. This clnuso would undoubtedly work n hardship at Middlesboro,
Hul, taken all In fill, tho new net
.t't!|t'"._   I'l.ri.fiP   H'l,"   .ittr.,,..  1    '  .'  ,',i      '*.
Jury lo n nom* by saloon and treat
them to drlnkf).
Cnn you hlnmo Wota. for rorusliiK
to bo hnnded nut "Justice*' by hiii-Ii
roiirU nnd Inking up IiIh Hhnt-.iiu?
Then thero Is tho sIcknoHR tn eon-
tend with.     Ilnrdlv n family huf li.nt
Tlio InJuitlen of loekliiK up AhiHkn'H
'conl fields in noon In n recent report
►./■iivvh imii tno northern torrl-
million iIollarH worth
I YVnidiiiiKtoti $82000 worth and tho rest
show* a strong tendency to moot ft llout »e\oral children with typhoid fever
serious condition, and In Iho promo-ldlplitherin or the amnll pox. Tho hind
iluu uf uu vlfecti'.** policy tho (.ovont
ment should have the sympathy and
co-operation of the rltliens of the province. The coal Industry Is ono of
our tnoat valued aaaeta and wo should
alrlvo through tha operation of *wUe hr*Dy and  **lrfinj; rnnri, but now I
ship*, the poor food, tho oftrn swampy
lanil nnd tha bad water nro responsible
for many deaths. Some of the pct-
tlers nre nhsolutely ntnrved. One man
told me: 'In tho city 1 used fo he ft
state legislation and public-spirited ef,
Ion to tartntate its development and
expansion.    Therein Km th* source of worklnKmsn hits gone nn n homestead
grown hov.'
Many times It has happened th.it a
a wonderful wealth and happiness.—
The JderTltt Herald and Vlcota Valley
with a family of four and llvo and
bas ret'-rRM hack to the cily broken
hearted and alone.   One case was told
mo hy n  lumber Jnck preacher of n |
mnn who Ioh! hl« whole family or n'x ■
In   tin.fl,   iiw.,,1/„ Tl,r.   ,.,;.;i t,r,.  t.,X. mt
lilm to bury thom.
Of eoiirse, if you hate n thourftnd i ")ry  •,0,,^!',,  «
dollnrs to sturt out wltli thliiKi.  will  of conl  from  tho ouIhIiIo IiihI yonr.
look dlfforont.     Hut tho rub In -whoro;or thin amount tho inliie-',*i of llrltlsh
to But. tho thousand dollars. t Cnlmnbln furnished    $7*)0,000   worth.
Let (ho hnck-to-llie-land crnnkH shut
up nnd learn something. l
 „ , | camo from other places.    And all tho
armor Otim.nrT avTciim.i , 'while  thero «ro  vnsf   storehniiNoH  nt
f.l.l.A.1 CUI. ill. *,   ' • .       ...      a.       * j.      . a    .,      .
r.ut.K j. ri.i-.ir Kti.-fcia mill that l.f in -wnior. (tuil wlihlii Dm boundiirlcN of Alaska,
f»rlni>r of the arm of I*. 1. «*n»»»» A IY,., riotag *.,.,_        _   ,      .       ,    .        -,.
unarm m m« etiy „i T.**.**)... rw>ntf ud huu ■ which  daro not  he  touched.      They
tfofraaM. 1*6 ib*t «.i>1 t.vi will j*» llu* imin .ff , ..._,._._,.
om; iii;miiii:i> i«h,i.*hih ior mb »n<t »»»nrl are being  conserved   for the future;
riM ot L'ktt»*H OmX niin..t t** f *_!*«. vf l&e gw tt *     .... . . ,
iulls emmm ti ur.. while the people who nro pioneering
P.*nrn lot*.fort* mr *titi »u!.».*nt.H In m>* pmrtirr, . lUUHX pJDV' HJIjIllC In til*.   WSy Of UUtlrJU
thtt IU tor ot ittrrtaWf. A. .»_. IIH. . ....
.—•-   . A.-A.liUX'OS. \XX1  -   CultUk,  Kilt.-, _ll.it. 111.       t_(»»l  cut.
Jif^r .v.rt«.» pt.uc.     1r,m„ p.(t(, hy ^o.v,,,*, lMt yMr ara.
tuni Ciutrti cm. it uk-fi ifiUmiiiy mA »<«« nmttc-d to M*h»,*W".    No othor (jovero-
",^"r 'J^ZiSSi^LTtXr ,,""w*"' l*\mtnt In the world would treit Ha own
rftnrm,      	
r. t.tm.-u.v a cv»,r^rto.o,
one tr >n Tmituu, ii*.
Tlk« IIUI'I f »*»*l|. nil! lor (nt-Mtmtlon.
sons as the United States is doing In
Alaska. PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 11,,1911.
AROUND TOWN
C. E. Lyons leaves to-night on a
short visit to Winnipeg, and expects
to be back within a week.
Miss pollings left this week for McLeod on a visit to friends and to recuperate after her seige of sickness.
, Methodist Ladies' Aid monthly tea
at the home om'' Mrs.' Brown, Tuesday,
Feb. 7th, from ,3.30 to*6 p.m.
Miss Alice Tyldesley, nas resigned
' her position with the Trites-Wood Co.
as she intends to prosecute her musical studes."   '
Y. M. A. A. ENTERTAINMENT
To-night (Friday) the members of
the St. John's Ambulance Association
are giving a concert. , As the price
is only 25c. and tho cause is worthy,
attendance ought to.be large. '.
We are in receipt of a* communication from Champion, Altn., which
will be published when the author
gives his full name, not for publication, but as nn evidence of good faith.
This is the rule in newspaperdom that
must bo adhered to,.
On Feb. 21st a grand' masquerade
. ball will be given 'at Old Waldo, when
it is expected that there will be visitors from far and near, because as
entertainers tho people" of Waldo enjoy
a well-earned reputation.. The proceeds will be for the benefit of.the
Hall Building Fund.
The current number of the British
Columbia Mining and"Engineering Record is to hand. In addition to the
usual editorial notes and articles the
number treats of mining bn Texada
Island and Lilloot, B. C, lode mining
in the Yukon, developments at Republic, and in the Coeur D'Alenes, description of stamp mill being built for
Latouche Island, Alaska, gold output
of the Yukon to date,, description of
handling the Lidgerwood Skidd er, a
-new logging device.designed to supersede the logging engine; a vigorous
contribution from A. H. Gracey, M.B.,
defending the Kootenay silver lead and
Sheep Creek flotations against criticisms made on them by the Record;
notes on the application of electricity
in place of steam to the operation of
shovels; consolidation of Nelson mining properties and plans of the promoters, prospecting on Siwash Greek,
Fraser Canyon; mineral resources of
the Atlin district, an article wliich will
be an eye opener to prospectors and
investors; gold dredging in California; value of lidnile as fuel and methods of using it; -nnd notes on the
volatile matter of coal.-'" Tlje number
is well printed and illustrated.
, On Tuesday evening a goodly crowd
visited the gymnasium of the young
Men's Athletic Association in the basement of the Methodist Church and
greatly enjoyed the performance of
Fernie's budding * athletes. ,_ Although
this body has only been organized recently and the majority of its members were novices when they joined,
the excellent progress is very noticeable and speak louder than words pf
the interest shown by the recruits* and
also reflects credit upon the instructor.
Tho gentler sex was not overlooked,
and this is as it should be, because in
the development of the human race
the woman is as important,' if not a
more inportant factor, than the man.
The club swinging and dumb-bell exercises given by the ladies were well
executed and highly appreciated. The
clown was in his element and amused
the spectators by his funniosites.
As ono spectator tersely but comprehensively put it, "It was the best
two-bitsworth I'vo had in Fernie" '   „
This entertainment has been tlio
means of inducing quito a number to
become members and those whose age
precludes their joining have expressed
themselves as willing to become passive assistants by attending these entertainments and thus encouraging so
worthy a movement.
The following,are those who participated in the entertainment: W. Parnell, H. Munkwltz, Joe Longden, T.
Boyce, Wes. Owen. The ladies were:
Misses M. Robertson, ' G. * Robinson,
Woodhouse. Pearson, Dudley and
Spalding.
SIZE IT UP FOR
YOURSELF AND-,
RUSSIANS FOR WESTERN CANADA
"VICTORIA. Feb. 2.—Arrangements
for.the immigration of a large number
of'Russian* settlers to North-Western
Canada have been made with a steamship company operating betwen Vic-"
toria and the Orient. Settlers will
be recruited in Siberia and "Primorsk,
and will be sent to' Calgary, which will
be used as a distributing point.
THOUSAND'S   CAN'T   GET   WORK
TORONTO—-At a meeting of the
District Trades Council last evening,
Delegate Worrell stated that there
were no less than 20,000 able-bodied
men out of work in the-city of Toronto.* This startling assertion was
doubted by some of "those present,
but a commltteo was formed who will
investigate into the truth of it. Should
the statement be substantiated tho
Information will bo wired to England
and other countries in the hopo of
heading pff further immigration.
■ (Ed.—The above two items furnish
excellent food for thought. Whether
the statement .regarding the number
but of work in Toronto be accurate or
not there is not the slightest doubt
that there are thousands,unemployed
in the "City of the Good," but to transport them West would not help the
coffers of the' steamship Company operating between Victoria and the
Orient,.1 and ' it would be decidedly
wrong (!) to attempt an injury to,the
business interests of B.. C.'e capital
city. This problem of immigration
and unemployed is verily in' a most
chaotic stato of topsy turveydoin.
Thousands unemployed in the Eastern
Cities of Cnnnda. Russians to be
shipped to Calgary presumably for
work on the G. T. 1'. Stewart visiting the Highlands of Scotland for the
purpose of Inducing G.000 Scotchmen
to como out, makes one pause as to
what will tho outcome be.
| The Crow's Nest Trading Co., Ltd. S
.- . • '.*       .      . * .*       ■■       *** ■   , *   ■. - .
Th© Store of Good Values
"GIVE   ME   FAIR   PLAY."
B-
Y—Y—Y—A D V E R TIS E
Rumors are* current that there is
likelihood of a slump in the rubber
market*owing to competition among
dealers, be this as it may we arc
pleased to state that our visible stock
on hand'received an addition of one
brand new no. 7 1-2 rubber brought in
response to our advertisement. Unfortunately it is likewise for the right
foot; and as oifr pedal extre'meties are
mates, we would ask Ihat anybody
who has an odd 7 1-2 for the left foot
to .bring it to the "Ledger* office.
THE   STRIKE   AS  AN   ANTI-WAR
MEASURE
Mr.
Stanton   Routs   His   Critics
Lively Meeting of Abcrdare
Miners
at
NONSENSE SOCIAL
Thc Knox Church Girls' Club will
give a socinl iindordhe abovo original
titlo in the basement of the Prosby-
torinn Church' on Friday the 17th inst.
Como an enjoy this novel entertainment.     Admission, fiOc.
THE  POINTS  OF  AN   AIREDALE
Color--*-Blnck nnd Inn, or black, mixed with grizzle and tan; tnn jinrts
Hhouhl bo bo dark nnd not muddy tnn
(a dark copper). Enrs—Small "V"
shnped, arched nnd pointed forwnrd
•■.wlion alert. Logs—inrgor the--bono
the bettor, Foot—Catllko, Bhort, and
front strnlght ns n gunhnrrol whon
standing alert. Eyes—Dark, Cont.—
ntnool.lt; the tnn parts irmy bo curly,
but tho nnddlo, of hlnck or grizzle,
Hhould ho strnlght and wiry, Somo
dogH with wiry contH havo won championships, hut thoy woro porfoct In
othor wnyR,
Client Hhould ho doop nml tho should-
or muscles Hhould not hIiow; but run
to n very narrow point- nt upp*»r part
of Bhouldor blades. Nock Bhould bo
si row., fnlrly long nnd nrchod, Tho
hnnd long and Htrnlifht, nt. lonnt, tho
Htrulghtor tho bottor, from bn«o of
skull to hopo, Skull flhoiihl bo flnt
(not rounded, nud not too wido, Tho
hrondnr tho fnrofneo thn bottor, nnd
llkowlno tho doopor thn Jiiwh tbo bottor. Whon ntnndliig nlort tho hind
Iorh Hhould bo woll back nnd lho front
Htrnlght,     Stnndnril woluhl! Tioga, -ir.
to nnibH. TiitchoK, nr. to in iim.
"l'olntH" about   Hull  Dog,-
vIhIIiIo ovor uppor llpl
-llHiinlly
WANTHD-Mnhl for flpiinrril Iiouho
work. Apply MrH. L, Duck, MucIMior*
mm Avonuo.
.Mr. Keir Hardie would use the
strike, which is a mild form of war, as
a preventative of wai" between nations. A universal strike would compel universal peace. If war were to
break out between England and Germany Mr. Hardie would end it by having the workers of the two countries
unite in a solemn resolve to suspend
all productive work on the day it was
declared, and'to resume only when the
war, was ended. --He reasons that it
would not last long. No government
would have thc means to carry on wai
if the producers were idle, while millions of suffering consumers would exert an influence which the most determined militarists could not withstand.' u
This may seem a fantastic scheme,
yet at the conference of the British
Labor party which' claims a million
members'it lacked only six votes' of a
majority., The support it got shows
that in their moments of reflection
tlie workingmen see more plainly than
 . ___.J_.1_ _.-..__.. ._■...!.\-l _«_.-_. «_nV._ __.P_r,, if 1
W-I- • I1CIL- Llll_:_-~Y. UUl.l- 11KS ~ t UV".-- li IC*.- - Ui-
ferers by war; • It would mean for*-
tbem in England higher taxation and
increased cost of living. It would
mean air that in Germany. and for
many of the workers compulsory service to boot. So it is not astonishing that the Socialist leaders in Europe should'be constantly talking of
the identity of interest of the working
classes of all countries and of the need
of joint action for common protection
The workers are urged to free themselves from tho spell of such words as
"patriotism,1 nnd "love of country";
that they are tho phrases'which the
"ruling classes" uso when they wish
lo gel thc toilers to do their fighting
for tliem.
Whnt effect this preaching has had
ennnot bo told until ihero shall havo
been a trial. Hut lt takes a long
imo to report sentiments wliich have
animated successive generations of
men, Tho man who list ens approvingly to speeches nbout tho solidarity
of labor and agrees that ho Is a citizen
of tho world, instead of a cltizoiv of
Franco or Germany mny chnngo his
mind when the war drum houiuIh and
old, primitivo ImphiHCH begin to assert
themselves. It. ia 'reasonably snfo
to say that if war woro to bogin between Germany and England and news
woro to come of tho sinking of some
norman ships nonrly ovory mombor of
tho Labor Parly would shout thorn-
boIvob lioiiruo with delight. The Gorman worklngmon, Instond of going on
a Htrlko and going hungry, would cry
out for rovongo.
It would ho moro .to" tho point. If
tho hunkers of Europe woro to refuse
to finance war lonns for nny nation.
Thnt. would bo u moro potent compol-
lor of poaco thnn nny International
Htrlko roHolvoH could bo.
RECRUITINGI  RECRUITING
Mr.-C.'B. Stanton, the agent of thc
Ab'erdare miners, was present by invitation at a meeting at Trecynon to
defend his course of action during the
recent strike. The meeting proved to
be a very lively, one. A Workman:
I object to-Mr: Stanton being present;
He's our servant, and, therefore we
have the right to discuss his case'in
his absence. Mr. Stanton: I am your
servant, but not your slave. I am
entitled to an opportunity* to reply to
any attack which may be made against
me. Give me fair play, and I ask
for no favors.
A workman complained that at a
strike meeting at Trecynon, instead of
trying to reason'.with and .influence
the men by force of argument, Mr.
Stanton .argued by means of threats.
Mr. Stanton replied that doubtless
he had said at the meeting in question
that he would be in gaol in a weekif
the. Cwmdare .workmen did not enter
into-common cause with the Powell
Huffrvn workmen, who.had come out
MINERS' CONFERENCE
Sequel   to
Discontent   In
Coalfields
the Welsh
contrary-to his advice. What was
his duty? To desert the men as their
agent in their hour of trouble? He
was in a desperate position with the
Powell Duffryn men out. If the Cwmdare workmen hadn't como out thoy-
should have marched up to the top of
the pit and ask. them again to join,
and the police would have interfered
and made him their first victim. He
had not joined any chapel in order to
catch their votes; he had' not. used
religion as a clonk, npr hnd he posed
as a teetotaler; but he had tried to be
a man, plain and straightforward, and
never cowardly. Cant, hypocrisy, and
humbug he had always despised. Ho
had never swerved from his principles,
and hnd stood by, 017 gone down if
necessary, with tho men. That was
Stnnton,   ' (Applause),
A proposal was mndo that a ballot
bo takon asking Mr. Stnnton to'resign
on the ground that, he had lost prestige
with his own men, with his colleagues,
and with tho employers. This, however, rocolvod scant support, nnd a
voto of confidence was carried by nn
overwhelming majority amid voclfor-
ouh cheers.—Reynold's,
8AVING WAGES
Recruit lm,** SorKonnl Chlof Clorko
rocolvod throo cnndliliilOH for tho
Hliovol brlgndo on Monday.
TIioho Inillvldiiulfl worn clinrgod with
Hulling goodH without, 11 llroimo iih thoy
woro peddling brniid now ovornllH
around tbo town of whicli thoy could
furiilHh no mitlHfni'tory explanation iih
to tlio houi'co of Hiipply, nnd although
luve*_lKntlon wan made nt the differ,
cut Htorcs nono nf thnin noted nny
Hhortiigo In thoir Ktock of blue tlonltii
trousers,
yr;. ',*.. .ry..-■*,, .,.•*..■•„ ....7■$*.■**:..»,_-',.7*^^
«;:'•...,'.*. .*,. ..'-,..;", -,* .v .   ..*, VV-V*'*-*-.^'**^
■»• .:. M.'-r, *'.h »,i,-..;,,-...* f* ■■■■,y,'y,,,y<i,. *^--i-*,%^*"^.--.^*":f'?*-r--s*:f-.*w^ii-^yi^JiJ**:*^'?*?!
'   ' 1 '     .1 - * :\'i^-      --   ■'      *.i_..,,'_>< *"*'HtJxi
Cw>"» :■■■ *_. * *_*_.*■, ■•»'■.' *! _,".**■ ■•*'. ■'•*■ iry-ii'i •*.**■■',■:•''• i*_*..''-''i-**1''"**;' -yk v w__M^iB***S.
^'/-.■lyr.!.****-■ '7*.;.-*'.w'*..-;.^
WHERE THE CONCILIATION BOARD 16 IN SESSION
By AgnoB II. Downing.
"Tho old-fashioned string of laborers with shovols niul whoolbnrrows Is
now bolng replaced by., various mechanical devices," Bay*. Literary Dlgost,
And It adds: "All purely mechanical
labor seoms doomed to surrender sooner or later to tho machlno. "Whnt
Is'wanted," It Hays, "are devices that
do not draw wages," "
And wo nro told not only of now
equipment that makea unskilled work
unnocoHRnry, but. also of "ro-orrango.
mont of machinery, or of departments,
or of workH In procosH that savo» tlio
wiiKOH. For' oxnmplo, In n box factory In Chicago the rip hiiwh nro plncod nonr tho croHR.ctit hiiwh, nnd the
men thnt formorly wheeled the plank
from tho first to the hocoiuI Hnws
hnvo boon dlHpotiHod with.
In Homo plncos bolt convoynrfl. with
power from tho machlnoH, movo mator-
Ini from ono machlno to nnotlior. In
other pluccH, gravitation fnrnlshoB tho
powor, nnd a chuto, or sometimes a
spiral chute, forniR tho conveyance,
Ofton hy moans of convoniont, thoughtful itrrniiKomoutH hoyu cnn bo biiI-huui-
tod for mon. Tlio dovlco Is prnlHed
wllh tho others.
Tho omployors nro frank.
TX\o\' ivo *i<ivl»n» rvwti'iw fnr tho
plnnt. Thnt Is their business. Tlio
workers furiilHh lho brnlnn and plnn
tho Improved nrrangomont or (lovlccs.
Tho employers Install tho Improve*
ments and dlRchargo tho workers as
thoy can. ■ It short ens tho pay roll.
It Increases tho profits. It Is good
Imalucsn   for thc employers.
As for the men, thoy will contlnuo
to ho discharged and their children
ground to profltK until thoy organize
and demand that the Improvements
-which thoy mnko to ho utlllzod to
shorten their hours nnd holp their
chlldron, liistf-nil of plllnu up useless
profits for the hi-hcinor' whoio only
skill Is In fleecing them.
, Unusual interest was taken ■ in the
National Conference of Miners which
took place in London on Tuesday,
Jan. 25th. It had been called at the
instance of the South Wales miners
in.order to discuss matters arising out
of the strike in South Wales. There
were present 133 delegates representing G00.000. miners. The principal
question before the Conference was
whether the Miners' Federation should
finance the men still on strike in South
Wales. - The South Wales Federation some time ago agreed to finance
tho strikers, and now asked the National Federation to assist. The strike
at the Cambrian collieries has already,
cost the-* Federation £6,000 • a week,'
and the * South * Wales coal owners
C 30,00 a month , in indemnities.
But apart from the strike, other
matters . were broached,, including the discussion of a guaranteed
wagei nabnormal places. This means
that if a man is working in a' place
in a mine where it is difficult for hiiii
_o"^r"a~fuir"^utp"ut"Trf~coar"p"er—clay
owing to the place in which he .is obliged to., work, he shall nevertheless
be paid a minimum rate as .though
the output .had been normal. The
masters have objected' to this on the
ground that it would tempt men to
shirk their work. However, on the
question of giving financial assistance
to the 12,000 men in the Cambrian
Combine Collery,' who have been on
strike over thirteen weeks, a unanimous agreemtn was nrrived at to'give
this aid. It was also- decided that
the Executive Committee of*, the Minors' Federation should recommend the
lines on which this financial nssis-
tnnco should bo glvon, Tho financial
nssls'tmice will amount to £3,000
weokly, to .bo raised by a levy of 3d.
por wcok on.tlio members of tho Minors' Fodorntlon of Groat Britain. , On
the second'' day of the conforonco it
was decided to recommend to mem-
bors of tho South Wales Federation
that lt wns advisable that the monthly
contributions he Increased, so as to
provide n stronger dofonco fund
against any similar attack that may bo
mndo upon thom In futuro. On Thursday tho conforonco passed a resolution instructing all districts Immediately to pross that tho avorago minimum wago In largo districts should
apply to nil workman ongngod In abnormal placoB, Should any, district
fnll at tho ond of throo months to obtain thlH, tho Federation nro roeom-
mended to consider taking nntlonnl
nctlon to onforco It.
SUPERB SHOWING OF
LADIES' WHITEWEAR
1.) .. , 7 .
We have here awaiting your inspection our
Spring'Stock of Ladies' and Childrens'
Whitewear, known throughout the Dominion
as the famous,Eclipse Brand; noted for its
quality, dainty styles, and its workmanship.
Nicely trimmed, with" Valencennes, Toisous'*
and embroideries, and at prices to pleaso
the most exacting.
Corset Covers  . 25c. to $2 25
Chcmiso  "....■    75c. to $3.50
Drawers  '..   ,*     25c. to $.75
Underskirts   •...'.    75c   to $5 50
Gowns    "    .....    75c. to' $4 50
Combinations '... .$1.50 to $4.50
Slips .'. ..$1.50 to $4.00
More About Miners
Tho lodgoH boloiiglng to tho Northumberland Minors' AsBoclntlon have
Just voted against, tho Minors' Fodorntlon of Groat Drltnln joining tho Nntlonnl Fodorallon of Trado UiiIohh,
Tlio voting, howovor, was vory cIoho,
thoro bolng 21)0 voIoh uruIiihI. tho proposal, nnd 221 In Its favour. On
tho resolution, "That wo do not favor the removal or the pledge from tho
coiiHlltutloii of tlio Labor Pnrty," thoro
voted 220 for, and H00 ngalnst, No
lndgofi volpd ngnlnRt lho proposal thnt
conl ownors Hhouhl bo rnqunsted to
pny workmen living In rontod Iiousoh
a rout, allowance of Its. a wook, but 501
lodgoH voted In favor of UiIh, Tho
roHoliillon to Inoronso lho snlnry of
Mr, Ihirt, M,P„ wnn, approved by 277
lodges ntul tllnnpifrovcil by 2R0,    The
..nil,,,   u7*>0   ,-illUtSt.it   ii   hllfcU   Kl.lJ-Ji.i)
in fnvnr of onlnWInhlnr. ft weekly halfpenny trndo iiRRoolntlon nnwRpnper.
In regard to tho Hurnoly'H minors'
dlsputo whloh Is now in Hh thlrloonth
woolc, lt. has hoon arranged to tako
miotlior ballot upon llio question as
io wticihcr t'ni'ir roprf*»tuiitnivn*B t>h_i__
moot tho conl ownors and nogotlato
upon tho question of tho rato to ho
paid for removing props as tho coal
faco advances,
Accordlnu to (lio latest statistics In
regard to tho loss of J,l_o In coal mlnos,
then* won. 1,21.7 BOpnrali. accidents
last year, catislnff 1,7W tloalhs, Kx-
|i!o;;Iuiui uf flro damp or coal du.U oc
currcd on oiRlitoon occasions, cloven
bolng in Scntlnnt!; Tlurlinm and Ire-
lnnd nlono holnR* froo from such occurrences. Those explosions cost
r.on liven, .'IM nccurrlnp* nt tho Hulton
PH. and 13G at tho Wolllnglon Pit,
Wlikte.iitven. Owing lo tho two larK"
pit accidents mentioned, thoro wero
31fl more iivdfl lost lnnt. yonr thnn ln
tflfiil. so tlmt lnnt yenr wns tho woret
on record slnto 1873.—Hoynold's.
LADIES' WHITE LAWN WAISTS.
"We have received a small advance ship-
ment of Ladies' Lawn, and Tailored0.AVaists
These come with'Dutch and high collars and'
others with low necks. Nicely trimmed
with fine laces and embroideries; and others
with, shadow embroidery. . Exclusive designs. ■ ' c       ,
75c. to $7.50    ,
You. cannot, alford to overlook the saving* to be effected, by allowing us. to take
care of your table -wants. , We handle only .,;
the highest quality of food products pro--'
curable, and distribute them at an actual
saying to you of from 15c to' 20c on the dollar. Our prices are all comparatively low.
Compare them with what you pay, elsewhere
and remember ,a dollar saved is as good as
a dollar earned.    "We can save you money.
SPECIAL GROCERY VALUES
,    FOR SATURDAY SELLING
1 lb. Glove Boxes Figs, - 2 boxes  ...*,25c.
1 lb. Jars Preserved Ginger,' regular 30c.  '
Special d... .:    '. 20c*
Sheriff's True Fruit Jelly' Powder,  i
packets   " *■. .......25c."
* Fancy .Navel Sunkist Oranges; regular
40c. Special per dozen  ,30c.
1 lb. Bottles English Confectionery, each 15c. *
Fry's Breakfast Cocoa, 1-2 lb. tins        25c.
Christie's Fruit   and   Sultana   Cakes,  -°
1 lb. tins ;_.._......;....'.. 25c.
2 lb tins '. .." "..." 50c.
' Malta Vita Breakfast Food, 3 pkts.'.'.25c.
'. Puffed Wheat Breakfast Fpod, 3 pkts.. .25c. "
MK___S___   l    Soap," individual,  size
per i7/!_?i)      15o.
__
a
a
__
__
a-
s
®
__
a-
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
DianlDlDlnlDlDlDlDlDlOlDlDlDlDIDlDIDlDiaiDlDlDlDiaiDlDiaiDlDlDIDIDlDlDIDiaiaiD
a
a
a
a -
a.-
11.,
(I
11 .,
[■■
11
Ja. .
i-
_«
1
n
_>
n
a
a-
a
a
a
a.
a
a
a-
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a.
;a.
a
a
a
a
a
a
a*
a
__T_,.« _0,-..»1*.-.F_r>_n,1 ..•*.- <!•♦>   f\A »nn	
, , '  "'      Kick, C.O.D. '
Dry Wood
DHAYING   DONE
Apply, \V7it. DicJCHN,  Phono 10.
'7, \     Fcrnic, B.C. '*
T
Distinct    Ledger
for Job Work
\ Cheap Real Estate
__________-____Eo___lSaleL __^.
Can soil yoiv,,lots in-Melville, Watrous, Toficld,
Biggar and Wainright., -These towns are divisional points on, t,he Grand,Trunk Pacific Railway
Price of Lots $100
$10 Cash*, balance $10 monthly.   No  Interest
M., A. KASTNER, Local Agent
»«__<
WANTED
WANTED—JI.D., .duly qunliflcil to
practlso In Albortn, For particulars
wrlto to .Jnmoa Nelll, Socy., Cnnmoro
Local Union 33S7, Cnnmoro Alborta,
rtASFJMENT   OF   M1NR118'   HALL
to ront ovory ovoninp. except Sunday
nnd Thumlny.    Sullriulo for concortB,
smokqrsi". dancing, .,lecluros,:.olo,'.; ■■..Foi',.
tonus,. etc.; 'apply... to; D,;inebar,Socro-,!
tnry, Glndstbnot Lbcal, Fornio.;
Fit-Reform Suits m
for anything better a waste of time
If you want the best there is, there is no reason
why you should not have it,
Fit-Reform prices arc within every gentieman's
income - and Fit-Reform styles are unfailingly
correct.
Above, wc show two of thc new models for this
season-on the left is the "Straight FrontMhe
other, is the "Young Mans
Sack". Both are made in
imported Worsteds and English,
Scotch and Irish Tweeds,
FOR RENT—Holntzman ParlorBi*
Minors' Block, oitlior wholo or pnrt of
storo.-—Apply,   D.   Roos,   P. 0. 801,
Fornlo,7B7p^77-,v'^
'.'.'*. I^OST-Trnnkor Card No. 10, Book;.
No. 1 OBCI). Issued from Frnnk Locnl on
Sopt. 2fltli, 1010.';■■•■ ' Fliidor plonBO return to Goo. Nicol, Socrotary, Frnnk
Locnl, Frank, Altn.
FOR SALB--Wholosnlo Liquor nnd
ClBnr Business. Address Box 31,
Cro'ston, B, 0,       7 *       4*6t. ' v
7WANTIflD-Cortif(cntod (Itli clii-JH)
Engineer for Orniul Tlioalro. Address
by lottor dr.In person, Socy. Gladstone
Locnl, Fornio, B. ,0,    7   ;       7
.. WANTISD-Sovoi'nl pupils to In.
struct In clonrliiR nnowi Splondlir pliy-
Blcnl trnlnliiK fbr umbltloiiB youtliH;
only n limited number of pupils tnkon,
Foo, ■■.■$(. por I0BB011. Apply In own
handwriting," A. V, T, liovr .Park.
FOU SALIO—Lot 1, Block fl, Riverside Avenue, West Fornlor nil olonrod
nnd fenced. Apply, ,T, Bolill, West
Fernio, 28*3t
$18. to $35.
119
FOR SALE—A qunntlty of Bodroom
«ii<! Kitcjien Furnituro .nnd, MiBcollniv
cou. _*i.*i.iM'J.<._.. T.ttwln, lu Wi'. Condi-
lion.    Apply,"13G,"L6iUcor Office.    2t
SITUATION   WANTED-GIrl,   bro
H.     Apply, H. II., Box 473, Fornie.
/ «7*:u
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons 8orvodoi
ev-pry ilny fwnn I) 11.111. to fl p.TiK
^kwttnefJBcan« Saturday
"TfeHIP &] MacKBNZIfi ^
ftloiti i'lio-rii-* ISt I toute I'l.-rtw [Xfl

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            data-media="{[{embed.selectedMedia}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
https://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.disledfer.1-0308833/manifest

Comment

Related Items