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The District Ledger Apr 8, 1911

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'■;^ 7.r.The OfficialOrgan;of District No. 18.'U^k:W; sof'A.
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:   ^  jTHBtMSTEIOT. LEDGER; FBRNIB, B. C-APRIL 8,1911.-7
$1-00 A YEAR
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:gS-o__s=. m-y
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ASHWOR THiQUIT'SlfOB
ltf.il, WILSiOWOOMING
O 6..      r     O
in®:
'E_.Ah_
__no_as
GKSr_rf£©_i
COULTHARD HANDING OUT CHESTNUTS AGAIN.
I The West 'Canadian Collieries Co.'s officials are once more
-stooping to'low down; mean, despicable tactics in order; to ■
bring disruption in'the. rank's ofthe mirie workers.-.. --They are
trying to bring discredit oii the, officials of District 18 by cir-,
'culating,broadcast that the'District have violated ah agreement' that was m'ade:.regarding the Blairmore mines. . TKey.
^-are lying when making these statements; and this they know :
'full welk. /Itycari only be with one intention when they so
. maliciously■'-.attempt to force*, on1 our members .and, the public-.
;'these;false-reports, and that is that'they may'bring about dis-',
.sensipn' in the', ranks of 'our; organization. 7   7. • :h, .-'.*•
,  .The following is a copy of a Supplementary Agreement bet-'
ween the; Company and -District 18,' U:Mt.W. of A, ■;"*.,./' -
"Memorandum of Meeting held on the 28th of November, 1910. "■
between the West Canadian Collieries, Ltd., and District
..    - *.18,-U.!M.,W. of A.: .Jy^yyA .-.*-..-.-:■•._   ••'•,   -•" ~».
'   ._•*"Union -'guarantees—•_ ,\. ."•';;.-■-' y.'J "-y'yyi-i ' '.." __ r: ;['."■.
'    "(ijv/Same rates to apply-at .Blairmore Mine when it re-   .
,,: "opens, and.no.attempt made to; influence' the employees "of
' y'said mine to quit-work until isuch-tinie as "an "agreement can /'
, .'^'be arrived,at.after;the usual routine as set forth in the agree-   ;
*' "ment'with the Western Coal Operators' Association. 7**,'
'-".*<.*■,.--.'..     ,    ■■ ,    .   ) • '! ,*
", "   ,'"Company guarantees—•"-*' *■ v"      .7 ; • '-' .;,„7..-"'
, "(1) "To reinstate'employees who - were working :&t tiineV 7
' -"mines were shut'down m preference to new'men.' -. ■    ;. ■*."',
- "(2).- No'sighed'papers to-be asked from the men as to con-.* -
*,    ditions. Vi -■• ,'■   ■■■■-. 7   "*.'*    ..-'.,•    •-" -   "■* ,    --.■•-..-•
7      "•",   ,7.:;. *•/-,..   _R'.-W; COULTHARD for/the Company.   -;
-i:' •,'i;-77';.''.' "W.B. POWELL^* President -;•-*-. >v •-■'"■ '■■■"
.' y, yy}^.,y   " v- -',;   . / "U ..M. W,'6f-_V.. Dis^ict 18.;7 •
■- "Present—For. the "Union:    ",. -'* -     7"     .*,;'■"       '.''-.  -  .
"W* B.-.Po'well, C. Stubbs. C..Garner, J. ;0, Jones.  -.;. ^   ,
7 For the; Company:'*"-    '"V-*"' - ■       '*  **'' '* '''        ''". *.';-•'
■      "R.W..Coulthard, J.,Menard.". 7  : ;;'!,. J.'7,':\s "\. • ; .
7 In accordance with thc latter-' part -of the* first clause; wWch *
"' states!"as.set forth' in the,-agreement..of the1*Western^Coal*'
^   Operators' Association,"'1 the agreement with that"association,
'terminated oii tho 31st of March.7consequently the.vsaid'1Sup^--.
7!1plcmentary(;Agreement expired'at the^sar^^^time., 7 ;7-i3s -', ', -
-^^-Itpiiaa^beTas-welhttranalyse^^
"   there.isso much being.said at preSent'time *witfaK're&fSi"*?e to.the'.'
notorious..Discrimination Clause, f '-Previous to'. 'signing5-the
'' agreement the/Blairmore officials,openly'discriminated against .o'
f members' ofi.6ur UnionVin fact/went so "far'as to.close do*«p the.:.-'
mines in-order to,drive'Uhioifinfen'-'out'6fcainp.'a>This;i«|:only--
. \ one' instan.e.r.wherCthe'operators"^-.."openly"discriminates "
against Unipn men n'nd^yhcn.. vwe*. ,fin.d..ourselves.,helples&V<toU'
; 'get,ahyvredws^4.in,^c^/a8''wil|'b"e.seen.]by the.second clause. 7r
"of-the company/s, guarantee, ;they h'^d-been carrying on. a. sys-> •'■
,  .tern- unknown', heretofore in .any iion:uhion camp, which was
the pit/boss took around the "mine, a paper and coerced the _
1  men* to si^n it," "humbly petitiop'ing the.Company that they :'
' wore perfectly satisfied with the wages .and conditions under
which-they wiire working,", at   this' time it   was ..-'common.
knowlqdgc,that,;tho condition in'Blairmdrc-Mino was absolutely
rotten/* It was "a frequent occurence to sec men brought out „■
ovorcomc.by ,tlic gases, iind insbme cases   resulting   fa'tally
through the" bad ventilation, of the mine.'   -Yet thoy luid the
gnll to ask men to say thnt they wero satisfied with this deathtrap., * ". , ' ,    -
With these facts lho public can judge.who is representing tlio
■■   situation in its true light, „„ ,,',''
' -\ -''^lll.•membeM-a^e^adyise^ not to accept employment
oh; any ^construction work at any of ^he Western Coal Operators Association mines, before repeMng. the o. appro val of the
Executive Board. ;      .     . ^    7.
TOD ATE
In total-contradistinction'to-the <re-
,,.-'•       .• -        - 1,
ports tbat have'appeared in,some of
the dally papers relative to the. conduct of the miners'in which,it has been
hinted, that. "trouble ■ was - brewing,"
drawing conclusions therefrom 'be-
caiise.Hhere.wa_ a larger number of
people on the streets^than is custom-
ary, we have-the report of the guardians of the peace, Provincial Constable Munroe, "During the past week
we have.not made a single arrest,'and
i .never was In so quiet and orderly a
town.',-*•"> .. ■ '■ . '- ;- *
7 Chief of-City-Police Clerke, "iSTothing
doing;in,my department."- ...       -
,A stranger visiting the town1, would
not notice anything out of the ordinary
except that"1 he might note that there
seemed, to. be many people along the
main*..street,, and -.upon-'approachlng
some of the knots of men-gathered at
the street comers ."overhear "such1 remarks ask, ".Who's1 th*' think will --"win
in.th' finals?" "Am gam'fishing to-
inorrow_,__^_A_,d—then«rln—the—hotels
might hear discussions-as to' how long
is* it going.to last?/1Or taking a jaunt
along, the banks *of'the.-Elk River ,ob-
[serve, a .number of meniand boys tryingJto..entice some 1 grayling to,-leave
its natural haunts.for'the^frying pan.
Strolling .aroundtXh\^section --of ^tho
'*'.'"  7 *'  v ;     ,7  '■'*• .
Wilson,<who was In.the employ of this which
same .company in-.like .-capacity in
1900-1. > Much:speculation,is rife as
tov'the reason, of- the'change at this
juncture; and whether dr^riot it-will
affect their- connection wlth;''the; W.-vC.
0 -.Association; * On, the outside nothing is known, consequently it;is merely a matter.: of- guessing .-among the
.ANOTHER   VICTORY
The Butterick8 Have Made Pence With
the Typographical Union
Anothor giont victory hns hoon achieved by organized lnbor second only to
thnt ontling tho str.iif.Blo botwoon I ho
A. P. of L. nnd tho Duck Stovo nntl
Hnn go Co.
Tho International TypoRrnphlcnl Uii:
lon'offIcoi's uniiounce, undor ■ dato of
Mutch 2Sth, tho ond of,tho war with
tho ritittorlck PiihllBhlnK Co. Tho
DuttorlcUB, which Is tho lnrgo pnttoni
houso, mid piotlucors ot mniiy inrpo
iniblloiilloiiH, hlosHomoil out full for
tho opon shop nt tlio tlmo of tho In*
traduction of tho olght hour dny, nnd
tho fight hns hoon on sirougor .tlmn
ovor slnco thnt tlmo In overy lown
on tho continent. Rcconfly tho compiiny nrtjiilrurt l-Jvorybody's MngfiKlno,
ikIiIIiib It to tho non-union lnhor,
Tho I'.otiilln of tho poiico pnet nro
not nnnounccd yot, tho mosstiBO to tlio
TypoH bolng "Wo nrn now in ft position to nnnounco full ngroomoiit with
tho Iluttorlck Publishing Company.
In his connoctlon It may bo stntcd
thnt tho Wornor Compnny, of Akron,
who established tho largest Indlvldunl
printing concorn In tho world, and sot
out to fight tho wholo of tho Milled
printing trndos unions, wont nt sheriff's snlo for nbout a quartor of a million dollars recently. A throe million
Investment wns ruined in the attempt
to defy tho ndvancomont of tho crnft
to the shorter work dny,
WEL8H  INTERPRETER
Tho United Stntos Immigration of-
flonls horo woro complololy hofflod
rocontly when thoy started examining n- passenger who was booked to
Idaho Springs, Colorado, This was
Air. John Williams, who travelled from
tho old country, via tho C. P, R, and
who wo|it to tho United States offl-
dills to gut his ontmnco papers put
In ordor. - -   .
Mr. WilllnniH Is llrltlsh to thn
hncldioiic, In fact, ho is ono of tho
(incli'iit llrltons, yot lio could not.Hponk
onough KiiKliflh to mnko himself understood, for Mr. WilllnniH. iib his nnmo
donates, lu n Wolshninu, and ho uponkH
only'Ills inolhnr tongue, which tho
Welsh clnlm was tho lnngiiago spokon
tu tho (lardon of I'M en.
An Interpreter hnd to ho kocuiui)
nnd wuh forthcoming In tho porson of
Mr. I). L. Williams, of 7.13 Hamilton
Rlroot, who speaks tho Cymrlo tonguo
and lho difficulty of communication
* us thoroforo ovorcomo,
municipality where the miners 11 v# he
would .hear; the hanging ,and hammering of amateur carpenters or the s-s-s
of a crosscut saw rhythmically pass-.
Ing through a log to.be used later for
fuel purposes...  .
The leaders have not given,any in-,
structlons regarding , the, importancb
of not creating any disturbance, knowing "that such advice would bo-superfluous, as the rank nnd flip nro well
aware .hat such nets would . bo" tho
height of folly. Tho press .reports
that have been sent out about them
being In nngry mood, appearances ominous, etc., they rognvdas simply efforts >on tho part of thoso who,,live
by tho port to justify their right to thb
coiUontB of tho pay envelope, *
Outside of some colored versions and
erroneous deductions drawn. from obscure or entirely Incorrect promises
tho crowd ot representatives of "Tho
Fourth ISstato" havo covered'tho field
excoodlpRly-,well, nnd .-shown Roniiliio
nows gathering Instincts In forrotiiiR
out ovory. Item thnt could, ■ ho transformed into "copy.'
Probably ono of tho .incidents of
this woolc that creatod -tho most surprise was tho announcement, of tho
resignation of Mr. Jnmos AbIiwoi'Ui,
manager ot thc Crow's .Neat Paas Coal
Compiiny, lo bo Hiiraiodod by W.'rt,
curious.,, ,"        .......   _ '•   .':. ' 7. -
(*">   -■   '•'"■  y. . '  / .-.-■.'
, The telegram produced below from
Garner and Stubbs at Indianapolis that'
the International," will'support to the
lull .extent'' should _ satisfactorily answer those who,-have- had*:any doubts
ot_ the subject.' ,.-' .-',. '     , ' •'•]
Two Of tbe.iiews representative's from
Alberta ..were somewhat "miffed", be**-
cause they-.were not-shown the origin*.
al dispatch which.-contained some
items of 'a^ private, character, hence
lor, these ".obvious," reaso_- * were", not
for -publication;>• they,* however,;*were
romewhat* dubious: of^th'e authenticity
doubtless] because both being' experts
in practical, jokes,' feared'it, might be
n case, of ."hoisted.by his .own petard."
__eir-fearsiw8re7P.sJtiveIy-groandIe63r
Scare headlines were used to a„-
noune'e,that.troops wer. held.in readiness to" come to the Crow's Nest Pass:
_.        - 0,-* I I I l. j
So far, they have failed- to materialize.
*, -  ! -v '--*. - - o
■ Mr. Lewis>Stockett was "grievously
assaulted'-on-two separate occasions,
mid.'the 'last reports we* beard of "that
gentleman .he was in first-rate' physical .condition. ,- 7
„An Investigation of the. reported
"shooting* at a.* watchman at Passburg" turns out to be less misleading
than the others, and the incident*that
gave .ise.to this yarn is as folows:
A' "watchman" In tho shape of a torn
cut* on nocturnal pleasures bent (stealing chickens it is assumed), mado
such a caterwauling that' an Irate
Scotchman whoso slumbors were disturbed becoming incensod-'took a shot
nt the noisy marauder, which' was
so close that ho docldod' that "silence
was. golden."
There are no defections from tho
ranks of tho minors, nnd the only men
.ho nro nt work nre plthossos, flro-
bosses, pump and bollor mon nt rho
illfferont eolllorloH, oxropt nt Coloman
where thoro Is ri comploto shutdown.
Regarding Conctructlon Work as
Mentioned   Above   *
This, quostion hns beon tnkon up.
liotweon the oporntors' uRsodlntloti nnd
llio District,, but so fnr no'sntlsfuctory
liiTftngomontB lmvo • boon ranched.
,'It Ib tho doBlro of tho'District to
fully protect llio men nt nil tltnoH, and
Willi- such ond In vlow tho Mvociillvo
Hoard hnvo endcavorod to got a
lliorough uniloi-Btuiidlng with the Ah-
iiflclnlion roRni'illiig lho tonus undei-
those- employed should work.
We are fighting at the-present time
for a. 12% per cent increase, and on
these grounds we feel-justified in advising our members not to work unless
the operators will- give~1T guarantee to
the District, that they will pay these
rateB or give the same-understanding
that, applies to .the men' that, are. nq.w
working at the fans,* pumps, boilers,
etc;, i. e., that the rates' as" set forth in
the late!agreement will be paid until
a new agreement has heen finally settled,- and, whatever . terms be then
agreed to, such prices to govern from
,-y.e 1st of April. -  .
7, .Our members will immediately be
notified if.,-any-arrangements" should
be made1 with the Operators' Association, "and in the meantime should not
allow themselves to be deceived by
tempting promises from any individual
operator. "' '• '    *   '.".
'. :Mr. P. Patterson, a former resident
• a _-
of ...Fernie, and until recently; an organizer in the1 Nova Scotia field,'. is
visiting -, friends and relatives in1 the.
Passr;'. ■'- ' ' -*—*** ' r^. '" ' ***"
• Mr. McNlyen, Fair Wage Officer, is
Fernie. The men are making use of
spare-time* in various-ways, fishing,
fixing up their, dwellings, indulging
in football and other equally recreative pastimes; ' ,'
' Ab an evidence of the growing optimistic feeling it maybe* observed
that several, representatives of com
mercial houses are in Fernie calling
upon the patrons of tielr respective
houses! ! "' ; • , *,, •
. - \Vlth "the* advent of the representatives of the International into the
field the, coming! week, plans will be
formulated co-operatively with District
and local officials regarding the .handling of the situation so long as the cessation continues.              ".   , , ' -
'Tenders, were only called for first
during'the current week, although var:
ious,representatives had called' upon
officials .regarding the "matter of' sup-"
plying provisions.' ",    „ ,
,A meeting was held at Hosmer on
Thursday • night which, in addition to
being largely attended, was characterized by a spirit of co-operation and
good fellowship among the various nationalities. Discussion and * explanations we're given to the foreign speaking members on minor details' to their
'complete  satisfaction.       '"'      .,'   ■
.- The. District Executive! Board were
in session at Fernie on Monday, up to
Thursday, inclusive, arid1 tlie following
members were present: !W.'B. Powell.
Pres.,.. Sec.-Treas.' A.'. J Carter,. Board
Members, J ' B. Smith, J.' .0 Jones,
Donald McNab and .Wm .Lees_ Vice-
President Stubbs was unavoidably absent on. account, of his mission .o Indianapolis.   -   'v ,"*,'
NOT ABU E VISITORS**-
*-< *_
_s
MEETING OF ,THE CITY.COUNCIL
 :»f.y'\;.    ■
, At the meeting of the City Council
during the week a deputation was re-
. **** .-*',*
celved from the Fernie Board of Trade,
consisting of President W.G. Barclay, "'
G.'G. Moffatt and.J. L Gates, who asked the city for a' grant to enable tfiem <
to, carry on a publicity, campaign   in
the interests of the city     The deputation also,"statei} that there was a da- *
flcits oii the previous workings '• of '
the Board to'the extent of '$230. •:
a ' n I ■ '
In reply Mayor Bleasdell stated that-
he did not consider it.,was fair that-*
the new Council should bear the brunt
0. this deficit;* but with regard'.to the '
grant for publicity, the'work and Interests of the. Board of'Trade.and the
City Council  were,'Identical), and, if,,'
they" would submit their proposals * in * *
connection with any hew work* which
they desired', to* go ahead,.witti^ the
Council. would be prepared  to  give ;,
the same their favorable consideration.
.-. A motion was- moved that' H. W.
I *'        ■   I       ,   .. .       • ;
Herchmer be requested to-apply  to
the Provincial Government for p'er-
mission'fora'rlght-of-way through lots"
1895 and.6396,^Group 1, Kootenay.District, so as to obviate the, possibility
of" future trouble in connection with
the watVjIne.. . '~~~~:V^-)).[."•'
_ A report from Fire Chief Mac.dohald
was received with.regard to the,practice fire ad the fire at'Kummer'ss shack'
during the. late month.   ', The report
was ordered filed.* ^ ,-,*.  ''**,   '7.'.,". ,
_^J^uie__LJ__dl_Lg_____50_*fe^
still in, the field "looking after the, interests of. matters connected with his
official .duties. He Is not saying any-
thlng^tiit probably following out the
tactics" of ''There|8 '^-chl^r amang ye
takln*' notes, and^falth''he'll'prent*
•em"^^ *':v ^ ' " '' "*'."\,_ .'
••The statement made-by,'Mr' Ashworth relative to co-espbridence anent
the terms of the agreement .made by
J.' D.' Hurd,' formerly manager here,
ls of somewhat a paradoxical character so'far as Its application goes arid
in view of conditions that have existed
during the life of'the recently expired
agreement Is difficult to understand.
If his company were not endeavoring
to obtain some concessions different'
to'whnt It nlroady had, then why riot
hnvo accepted tho proposition of tho
minors' representatives to allow the
stato of .affairs that had horoloforo
obtained to continue without change?
Neither pnrtlos have mndo any stops
towards varying iho status of, affairs
slnco they adjourned nt. the Cnlgnry
conference.'
In vlow of tho [insured Immenso im-
migration tho 0, V. R. ls leaving no
si ono un turned to cope wllh the situation In so far ns tho cool. supply ls
concerned, nnd havo lnrgo qunntitles
stored nt tho va'rlous points of yan-
UlRO.
Tho operators had a meeting ' nt
Frank, hut "nothing doing" wiib all tho
report thoy vouchsafed,
, Tho reports frpin all points involvod
nro pi'tu'lli'iilly of hiiiiio tenor , uh
thoso   regarding  stato, of  nf fairs  at
Three prominent .capitalists were registered* at the' Fernie Hotel, Sir E.
P.''Tennant,-R.'.,jp'ryor,,F. -*R. S. Balfour,- and of course many.- were- the
surmises^ as to whether those, gentlemen were.here apindividuals interested In'the affair's*o. ;tb©"C'N; P. Coal"
Company, but they state that they are
merely on a trip through tho West' In
order to' sec for themselves some of
the wonders of Canada thoy'liad heard
so ljiuch about. They express their
pleasure at the development"-'that Is
evident everywhere, and speak Iri
glowing terms of future possibilities.
•Mr. LcbIIo-Hill, of Nolson, who Is
Interested in tbo Arlington Mlno at
Erio, nnd tho saw mill at Gori-nr'd on
Trout Lake, Is , accompanying the
party,.
GIVE.U8   A   RHYME   FOR   FIFTH!
TELEGRAM
rwliiinapol.N, April /5th, 11)1.1
• i
» e.
.nterimtional Kxecutivo .llnni.1 fully endorses tho position
tnkon liy tho DiHtriot, Ro])rosontativos avi 11 bo sont at onoo to
co-opemto witli tho District Oflioials in carrying out tho work in
connection- witli tho Niispcnsion, Deny ahsolutoly rumors ro
non-support.    International will support to fullest extent.  '
Garner and Stubbs
"Vllo King George tho First wns rook-
*    oned;
Viler still was George tho Second.
Anil whnt-mortal ovor heard
Any good of Georgo tlio Third?
When below the Fourth deseondod—
Tlii-nlc the Lord,.tho Georges ondei,!
Tlie writer of lho above was n false
propliot ho far uh tlio'toi-inliintlori of
tho floorgos was r.oucerncil, iih wo now
hnvo'tho fifth of that nnmo, nnd hereafter tho oxproHBlon "Hy fleorgo!"
Hhould rond "I _u)y ■neorgii!" ns n com-
ninnlenllon has been received In town
soliciting BiibBcrlptlmiH from nil nf
ihtn patronymic. Wo rospontfully re*
Inr to our co-loiris of Tlio Free I*t-*!*-i
and lho Michel Itupiirtoi*.
were ordered to be purchased for the'
City Fire,Hall;"   , V J:~-  -" ,-. 'yy '
/.Letters from, W.7Minton,""the.".City '
Scavenger arid Dr.". Henderson,' with .
regard to.paymerits"to the former for  -
scavenger wprk,' were left In abeyance   ■
.uhtll the meeting next .week.    ,''*_
- A; motion - was carried »to';th*6^effect
that,the Mayor should furnish th'e'B:C. "'
Time's Publishing 'Company "witfi his *
photograph, same to'bo.used'for'pub*-'--
llshlng purposes'. in , the Interests of •
the city,    .This was' in  compliance ,
with* a "'request froni the,B, C. Times °
Puhllslilfig  Company,^ who  have" Instituted n general scheme of this naturo throughout the Province., ■
The question of,a centrnrwarohouSb
for tho storage of'tools and Impodl-
menta of tho .city was discussed', owing
to a roport received from tho City
Clerk with regard to the heavy, Ieakago
duo to'lho prosont Inck of storage
fncllltlefi, An enquiry will be mndo
Into thlH i.ut_i.tlon, nnd tho quostion
of the warehouse,Avlll liiennwhllo ro-
main in aboynneo,'
"SHINING" LIGHTS
Thoro Is n viiBt amount of energy
latent In this locality of nn order as
high in resourcefulness ub It Is low
In humility thnt II flmlH Hs Hold of
oporal Ioiib at tho vory "foot" of undor**
Mainline'
It I« more or lonn ot a mercurial
quality, lhe color Hhailo selected wan
Hllver nn host befitting their dispositions. - Onr correspondent hnn failed
In Inform iih what thf» color nf the nt-
m'oHphoro wan when discovory ' was
run ilo, lmt I'. Ih mi In nil to iihhuiihi that
It was "blue."
TENDERS  WANTED
District 18, United Mino Workors of America nro open to
receive tenders for Moat and Provisions to bo supplied in bulk
also retail, P. 0. B. nt tho following points:
Fornio, B. 0. Hillcrcit, Altn.
Mlohol. B. 0. lethbridge. Alta.
Coleman, Alta, , , Taber, Altu.
Blnirmoro, Alta, Banltlieiul, Alta,
Frank, Alta. ■ Oanmoro, Alta.
Tenders to bo sont to A. J, Onrtor, Suorotnry.TroaBuror,
District 18, U. M, W. of A.. Fornio- B. 0„ on or boforo tlio 15th
i I1
inst, i
___h
Tutti i morabri sono avvisuti di non uccolUuuAl hivoiv di
costrnzioni degli operatori di minere dcVOvest iinchc un ordinc
non sia omanto dalla ftiunta essecutiva.
TELEaiUMMA   ^
i| !       Indianapolis, April o, If). 1
.La giunta essecutiva internazionalearnpiainente di accordo
con la posiziono ])reda dal distretto 18.
Una mpprcsentazione. sara niandato imnediatemento per
cooperare con gli uflicuali del distretto per portare avanti il
lavoro concernnnte la sospensiono.
Ritenc infondati indendc in Viguavdo Vaiuto della inier-
nazionalc.    La niedcsiina intervenive con ampia azzioiie.
ATTENTIONI C0RRE8P0N»
DENT8 and ADVERTISERS
Owlno 10 Ihi" far.t thnt nrvt
frlday ths Hth it Good Friday, ond a Civic Holiday, the
electric power will be shut off
consequently we go to press
on Thursday, therefore, would
respectfully ask all correipon-
dents and udvertUers to take
due note of aame and govern
themselvei  accordingly,
♦
♦
•'The Klk Lumr-.r Company hop. to
M In full nwlnn bv tht* 17fh, both
.hlfts. Weat Fernleliea will find tho
whlKiI-n moHt iiHofnl as an alarm. ■>
Tf.Lf.GKAK
International  sulilaKilaii so v solkiin   cvo Distrik- lSwzal
do novabv.
*        *
Osobitny prodstuYcny bude ])oslany nby procoval s pred-
staveniiny disiriktu straniva stavky.
Nesluhajte cvo Vin no lalesno bovora Int.nmfio] suhlasila
so v  setkini a stoji svami tojed s Distriktoni.
Vsetcy udova su uj)oredoineny stat od prace napravania
ktora sa tika zapadnicli ubeluch spolocnosty pokim nodostanu
].odzvolenia od tabule prace.
Ked potreba etc nejukie visvetlena Jilasto sa prl domacicb
predstavenieb abo v casopise. THSK^SP"!
■W
MI^,Jil,|_-.L, I Lli.1',
■i-^yft--"-1>- -**-,,
'-•i-—f-ri*-! •?"...
"■*" *    ' .--'"-.*  -,- * - •*"-.-.sx>. y> - y.,'""'' ,. ;'"."j"'!*.'i-'__:*''.'"sfe*><,'.■*.-■*"*•'■ -'.-.-*,*■*•_  :',"_ "' -   • *i >'i
' '"•"•"-"HV "' *   -/*'■   '  ,-"■"■ -'7 -"'■*__•*'"^'*!   -*  '"'    **    " '"-- ■*'*■" ' 7'" ■'•:-'" 'Z"''":  \   '.',"■'■■•*"'"-'- .'--"•' .
v.   -*   ,*: ..;     *•*--    *•--.*    fr*-\-■-='**'-- •' *-"-">    -■*"  ,7- "■      -« - , '■   .•      t    --,. -
PAGE  TWO
__
THS DISTRICT LEDGER, FKRNTC, B. C, APRIL 8, 1611.
...»■'- V-"-*-,'*.2. _• .'-7
P '
|i    . ttAT IT HEBE SmCE 1900V
3___^^^rs__Z_r£
^SaveloarJIonef,
We>»ant everypne.o to?
fljat weare payip.^-*-
c~4& Interest^,
per annum credited mTtilf',"
' otfSavjnSs ieposita-Jl-
"'     " ibjecnqWitli-
iiawa. _y cheque
*< ^ 5% Ititeresft—>
on Me deposits of -
Sfmonlk&ovef.^
\k invest mbiief for clients
in first mottles S.o a
* ^enoal IfnanciaUusmess.
■ we want^ur saving accVi
Sifypu are not saving
&y5TematicallY"i *• r -*• "r
■Gommence NOW Witli Us."
Deposit, "by mail ^--^
■+ •*- + easilytian^le.—
_ou?m. sen<Vtyr Draff,
Post Office •*• Gflpress'
Order or R^ls^ercd^^- ■
Lietter & withdrawals,"
c'aifi'be'maSe^t'-*-"* +
r •*• atty way you wish,.
■WeifeRe.
Mertlf^
Duti6,B^s.red3,
or To.anyone ia*
VMGOUV6R
"FAREWELL,
ff
VALEDICTORY  FROM  T. J.  LEWIS
about itto-Jay
T T IT T
it now
ffp|C».Lii)
j Cairibte Street,
^\_u\coMver B.Ca
To the Officers and Members of the
United Mine Workers of America:
' Brothers and Fellow .Workers.—My
official duties as President of the"" United" Mine Workers of-America, as you
know, will terminate- on the last1 day
of tbis month'. Before retiring t'roin
the highest position within your gift
to, bestow" on any member of-thc organization, I take this opportunity to
express to you my sincere appreciation
for the honors "you have conferred upon me, and to write you a few words
that' may be of interest to you. as
mine workers, and members of lhe
greatest labor union in the country.
It has been1 my privilege to",be ono
of the miners who helped to organl/.e
the United;Mlno Workers of Amarcia.
Tt Is not,generally known that I have
beon initiated as a new member Inlo
the organization,' for the reason that
my membership was transferred from
the National Progressive, Union and
National Trades District Assembly 1 ..i
Knights of Labor Into tho United Mine
Workers over twenty-one years ago.
I-have continued to,bera member in
good standing to the present time..
•J It, has been my, hope' and Die constant aim of my life ta see the mining industry of this country thoroughly organized. -It has been a -jreat
part of my- life work to. do what .1
could to induce every mine worker in
the country to become enrolled in one
organization. ,1 have watched wi-b
a great deal.of interest the growth, of
the United Mine .Workers from a small
struggling but"determined body of men
to a mightly,, organized force extending Its power and influence into every
state and province.,on the American
Continent and .commanding the respeel
of the nation.
The United Mine Workers hns suf
fered from the deception practiced by
certain'of its leaders;" the betrayal
of the trust and confidence reposed in
their leaders; the tendency of* some
men to precipitate a strike without
a cause;* the fomenting of internal,
strife to gratify personal .malice; the
failure of members to impartially Investigate, for th.ms3lves, all questions
directly affecting their welfare*; the
inactivity of, its members and ,.flbm
ci-ur-hing defeats .on the industi*al
bait'efield.     With all of* those obstac-
appointed is also a matter..of* history.
It is-known" that Un the year .1906
the United Mine ..Workers lost an opportunity and'committed itself to sec,-
tional district settlements." That was
the -.-year in which the mine workers
lost so .many valuable conditions that
had been- secured in"' previous years.
The - proposition to divide our forces
came fr.om Illinois and was.championed" by j leaders from that state who
have since become the direct" representatives of, the employers of labor.
Another opportunity is coming next
year (1912) when practically all our
wage contracts, including the'Anthra-
cite Strike Commissions' Award will
o_plre; Are we to have another repetition of the year _90C?
I shall continue to watch the, progress of the organization. I Bhall
tako just as deep an Interest in the
success of tho United Mine Workers
next year and the yeajj after as I have
for the past twenty-one years of its
existence, To those of our members
who have differed with me, let me express the hope that it was„an„honest
difference of opinion, To, those who
have so maliciously* misrepresented
me, I desire to state:—Let time, the
leveller of all things, demonstrate t_
the mine workers of the country and
the .American people, whether or not
I*- liave fearlessly, faithfully and honestly defended the principles of the
United Mine Workers and the welfare
* o
of the miners ot the country.
While my '.official connection with
the United ^ine'Workers will end on
the last day of-this month, my membership will not. end on that day.. I
shall take my place in the ranks and
continue *.my activity for the success
of the organization. To the thousands of, members in the United Mine
Workers' .organization who have so
actively and loyally supported me in
my work, I wish to now express my
heartfelt thanks and sincere appreciation. Let me assure you that you
will never have any regret for the confidence you have reposed-in me. -
•.•/After the lst *.of April I. shall be
found at my home, and very soon
thereafter will be engaged in my former occupation as a miner. I will be
more, -than pleased to', hear from my
friends. and those who are really Interested, in the success of the United
Mine -Workers.of America. In closing this communication, permit me to
naturalist and author. Thei London'
Zoo has "tried for years-to obtain one
to replace a full grown specimen which
Ihey exhibited there a n.Socr'of'years
ago■ i.nd, which died. •■ ]- ,,'•''"'-
■ '-.The goat-which br.: French-has secured ;.*■*was',;-' captured',,by Charles
SchoonoVeiv.'a, hunter and guide," ,,'In
the mountains fifty miles back" of
Newport at .the _ead of Howe Sound.
At the time of its capture, in size and
appearance', the animal was^ the counterpart 'of* any. other tiny lamb. It.
was placed in 'a' small outdoor'./enclosure fed'on milk and later, on delicate greens. At the wharf it tipped
the scales at 135 pounds. v ,".l.X. '   **
The section from which * the animal
was taken, is one of the best.hunting districts in the 'province,- and is as
little known as any perhaps. *' Big
Schoonover killed * a ten-foot grizzly
there this season*. *'", '   \   ,    '
(The, goat referred-to that died a
few years ago In the-London Zoo was
"Billy," and was taken hy Its original
owner, Joe La Montaigne, a barber of
Golden, who received $500,fpr his. pet.
This animal was quite a familiar sight
on the streets of Golden five qr six
years ago, and many Interesting stories
are told of his antics,)
The
and
1 Beware, of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
..Minard's "*.
Liniment
HIGH   WAGES   AND   PRODUCTION
- We have it constantly flaunted into
our faces about how much better the
American laborers are paid than' those
In foreign .countries. Buts we.never
have been * shown, what the relative
production wasin America as" compared with the foreign lands'. .
, Prof.J;William C. Clark,-.in the Engineering Magazine for May,. 1904,
submits, a table, which he, bases on
official data, showing the comparative
productivity of 'American labor for
the yea**" 1900, as follows:       -
J •'   Amount. Per
-' coot.
America,  average annual
output V... 7. .'.*.'. $2,450' 100.0
Canada,   average   annual
„ output   ........'.  1,455
Australia,
59.3
an-
What Are
YOU Worth
From the
NECK,
9
Itlsestlmiitcdtlint
the ovornco mnn IJ
worth 12 n day from
the neck dotvn—wlint
Ii be worth (rom the
neck vjif
That depend* entirely upon (mining,
If you nro trained «o
that you plan and
' direct work you are
worth ten timet ai
much an tho man
who can work only
under orden.
The lul*.nil.ml
CoiiHDinlinci tohitli
Co to the man who li -
ilnnritllni. along on
■mall pay and aay to
hlra, ''We will trnln
you (or promotion ,
right whore you are,
or we will quality
you to take up a
more congenial line
of work nt a much
higher snlnry,"
Kvery month lev-
<r»l hundred «tu-
rientt voluntarily
report advancement
ai the direct mult
oM.C.B. It Mining,
You need not leave
your protent work,
or your own homo.
uark thli coupon at
onct and mill lt.
Wi
WTUWATIONAL COBUFSfONOFNCE SCHOOLS
■ex 719, Skrinlori, P», *
PU»li tiplili,   wllhmit   liiilli.I ntill.'Hlui. i,n  .uy
ptil, Imw I on qmllly lo. * 1.1«. < uljij* >u,)
l(lrl>c>lilf«l  lo Hit i.uiil.ua   U'lun
• bid.   I   llll  .united X,
H Will.,
Aiikll.itm.l Or.lli.n_*i
i -*«.C_>_* Willi.
ll.i__.i_r_.l t«i|i.,. _r
Winrfitw i,|n.n_i.
. Hig.lunlDnlnw."
cim tt.vit. (nn..
CiftlfMltr in*. I*ll_l_.
OfRlinffnlil n. Ilgnt.
Mink, .u.i fn||„MI
Rl.-I (,i|l,ll>
MtfihiftiMl nrtllimin
fl, n. liaKlliutlK', tng,
NtliBin Ml<Hl'ilil
£1 Mtfl.It InglHiir
tH.oll._l_ l
Miiiliif C uglf. ir
f»>l'-»'tllt«la»1.
IrtkH.f..
|    II.Mgf.iiiiir
Ailtilllcl
Nnrnt     ,  _
Slrtrt ahJ JX'o..
Cit>m	
Slati.
LA  PIU  UHANDfc ttCOVbMlA
UtLCAthA
Una FologrAtla dl to dl luo amlco o
puro dollu tua Innamoruta sopra In
cov.rtlnA del quonclnlc. una coua mi-
(IVII  ItihliMh  Unlio to Ail'i.it't.kv*.
Sono rlchloitl agentl Maiebl o Pern-
mine. Per Information! e catnplonl
gratia rlvolgotovl dnl
IDEAL NOVELTY CO.
P. O. Box 65, Kernle, n.C.
VELKY VINALEZ TICHTO CA80V
rtiotc-ffraf na jahlnvku neh*. prialtla,
abo mltlcnky. N«cvo novle, _raan«, a
I>D4o_ne -_DaJ*te.r*kif.
Dobrlafco llvleho msenta potrebno
chot lctorleho pohlavla. Pro collo vla-
vetlenfa a poukatla sijarzna tilaalt m
IDEAL NOVELTY CO.
P. O. not 55. rornl*., D. 0.
Ie3 tc» overcome7^the~^history"ot^ne
United Mine Workers has been one
c-or.risnt struggle'ro educare its members to make the work of the organization- a success,        '■ ^ "
The future of (he United' Mine Work-
er'i will be what Its members desire
to make it. The organization will be
no stronger and no weaker than its
membership. It will accomplish by
'perfc!fctent effort o.ny that, which Ms
members desire. ' It will f,-iil in its
spl-'-did-mission, only when the mem-
bc-rfl neglect their duty. Regardless'
of the- obstacles i.i'Its pathway, the
United Mine Workers'' organization
h.ii accomplished results that should
ranks every member,proud of Us 'vork
Wages have been Increased, hours of
labor reduced and conditions -f env
ployment Improved. It has extended
Its power and lnfluonce ln behalf of
the miners into ovory section of the
country.
During the existence of the Unitod
Mine WorkorB, I have had many opportunities to study the raining industry and the characteristics of our mem
bers. I have takon advantage of
ovory opportunity to learn why Uio
mlno workers did not receive a greater eliare of the results of their labor.
Whothor as a member In the rank or
as an offlcor of the organization, I
havo trlod always to secure such information .as would enablo mo to defend your IntoroBts- at any ond all
times and undor overy circumstance.
It ls ii matter of some prldo to me
that I havo risen from tho ranks and
havo boon promoted to tho hlBliost
position In tlio United Mlno Workers
of America. I am proud of tho fact
that I novo attondod moro Joint Con-
ventlonB than nny othor two members
of tlto organization. Wlion iiHfilBnod
to tho work of uciKOtlatlnir a conlrnct
or Hottllim a dlsputo I novor slilrkod
a responsibility anil never nttomptori
to shift it on somo ono else. It can
bo triUlifully Hnld thru llio mlno workers of UiIh country novor lost anything;
by ni-roplliiK my ndvlco olthor ns n
member In tho ranks or ns nn officer of thu organization. I challenge
a succcHSBfiil contradiction of this
statement. ' Cnn thoso who havo so
maliciously misrepresented mo sny as
much?
II, l» n nml lor of history Mint previous lo tho year 1000 I did everything
Hi   ILL)     JM'W*-!     il"   «.«*._ jl     «.«.«   *,..C .    *..<.
Oi-_jjj.fi; jiiijlr:* of Dw orrtiTiV/nMrin. Io
hnvo nil wnjio conlrncts to torminato
on tho snmo date. Tlile was accomplished and all wnj.A aitreeinenla. Including tho Anthracite Htrlko Com-
,  .   ,    ,  ,....,   ...„f.,.»  t^.tx i   itttxr.
Tho mine worker* ol tho country woro
led to belleV"-* thai united and con*
vorted action would secure a moro
universal r-Kognltlon of tho United
Mlno Worker* of America and tho establishing of tho eight-hour workday
In the anthracite region, as well aa
othrr mining dlatrlela of the country.
How madly the mine workora wno din-
45 Steam-Heated  Room*
'   Hot and Cold,Baths 7
"   .'' .".   -Ii ).A ■'*_. \    7*'      ,  '   '
.-.*- ;v '   't--   * ■.-.-,.>'"'
-A- •".*,
7 y. ,";-'-,,-- _,.4t,,A
•* • .*;*.*- ^
King; Edward !V ;
-"*-.--     r   .-.l.\- ■■:■ *, 7'",y~-\        \f.y\   *'7.';>7^   *'-:'7   ,.:y-:r
.Fernie's  Lea^ng7.C6mmercial Hotel     "
-•'*" \ '.'. -    '-. ..    "'I*4-',""'.,',
a y The'Fineot.Hotel'in.Eaet Koot-snay,*,, ,.'.-,.-\-*l.-L.   GATES,;Prop.'"
-i  m
.1
1    ■_■
-'       .'   HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital,Authorised ....$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000 '
■ Capital  Paid  Up _'..-...-.$5,575,000   ■■ Reserve Fund .......,i.$5,575,000
-    ' D'. R/WILKIE, President    •;    HON. ROBT JAFFRAY;,Vice-Pres.
'    . .     .;    BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA     .      Vv       "
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,^ Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria7.    -
SAVINGS-DEPARTMENT*. \_ 7 r'-      .  ,"
Ir.tereet allowed on.deposits at current rate from date of 'deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH      ", GEO. I. B.-BELL.>lanager
remind~evefy"mine. worker that-the*
success of the organization is of far
more Importance than the success of
any individual. Let me urge you one
and' all, and especially my friends
and supporters, to assist my successor
in his efforts to enforce, the laws of
the ' United Mine Workers and" do
Justice to all members. This Is how
you can best helpmake his work a
success.
Aga.ln thanking you for the honors
that you have conferred on me and assuring you that I am still an active
mino worker, with my best wishes, I
remain, ,7
Sincerely and truly yours, t
T. L. LEWIS, ; i '
President, U.M.W.'of A.
LEWI8 WILL RETURN
TO WORK IN  MINE8
Retiring President   of   United Mine
Workers Promises to Remain
With Organization
V
PITTSBURG, March 30. — When
Thomas L. Lewis relinquishes hia poal
tion ns president of tho Unitod Mlno
WorkorB of America tomorrow night
ho will loavo tho boadquartors In In-
dlnnapolls for hin homo in Bridgeport, Ohio, and on Monday will tnko
IiIh placo in tho Wheeling Crock Mines
of tho Lorraine Coal and Coko Com*
npny.
It ls stated thnt Lewis haa received
a number of businoss offors, but ho
promises to romaln with tho organl*****.
tion and his friends hero say ho will
again bo a candldnto for prosldont.
Ilo rocontly discouraged nn offort to
mnko him tho hond of tho Ohio or*
gnnlzntlon.
average
nual  output,    900     36.7
Prance,, average   annual        *   .   _   .
output   ..7 . H.   640.   26.0
England,  average annual       T ■ *
outpu£     556     22.6
Germany) .   average    an-  ,
- nual output""..........'   460;, 18.8
You will;note .that the .American
laborer pro/luces nearly,twice as much
as the Canadian laborer; nearly three
times as much as tlie Australian; nearly four-times-as much as the Frenchman, nearly*."five times as "much, "as
the Englishman,1 and nearly' six .times
as much as.the German laborer.
^~I_ltTts^oTifpa1^^h"e"w"ages^jfS7FhT
production: ._ The highest paid laborers ln the United States, not protected'by a tariff,-are the bricklayers.
Their average weekly wages for
1905 were $25.52, taking for comparison, the highest- paid bricklayers in
any of the abovo. enumerated countries, the' English,' we find their average weekly wage to be $10.65.
The .American,, bricklayer, doing
nearly five times- rs much work as
the Englishman, should, therefore, receive nearly five times what hjis English brother gets, 1. e„ about $75 per
week If • the wages were based on
amount of production,
' In a protected Industry, the cottom
Industry, wo find that.wages nro
much lower thnn In, othor countries.
In the Cotton IndUBtry Bulletin, No.
59,, lBsued' by tho Bureau of Lnbor,
July 1905. wb find the following table:
Malo   BplnnorB* • weekly
pay,     Gormany,    1905
Muhlhnusen  $6.57 to 7.30
Malo    spinners' , weekly
pay, Franco,; 1905, Lillo 5,91
Malo   splnnors'    weekly
pay,     Unitod .   States,
1904,  avorago     ' 4.12
Thus we boo tbat In the cotton Industry that workors ln tho United
States rocolvo oven Icbb than the
worker's of Gormany nnd France.--
M, J. Meyers, In Chicago Dally Socialist,
;>*.&
Cga*K,t*-Tmm*<Zt
WHY   DROP   MONEY?,
' Through' buying your wines and., 11-
. quors at retail when by ordering
from us you get the.lowest whole-
„ *'    sale price
A  CASE   OF  OUR .LIQUORS.
Will cost you' about half as 'much
per .-bottle as if you bought it in
the ordinary way. Order a case,
•make the saving- and get better
liquors besides. •.
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
, < a
Fornie, B. C.
60 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
DUKE OF BEDFORD
"GETS OUR GOAT."
Eleven-Month-Old    Roc!*y    Mountnln
. Cllnlier ind Jumper Shloped to
England
Electric Restorer lor Men
PhoanhAHftl ttttot** r>*n nan* lit tht b-xif
. ,ui tttii t'tia,tor, V**a.wr* -*»"■»•» *t.-8 »*S t.»-**».»i
• ci-Rcti *»*ti««I •« wr-*****.    ri»*ipK<_»4»l *V.|
..__*»* i ,_.i_.h«'* man.   Fi'r-i. I1» I ,»   .rn-r*.
-i ,h'.Cathaitttir*,lint.
For  Salt  at  BUstdtlt's  Drug Storo.
An oxcellont nil vert Isomont of British Columbln ns n big gnmo country
was sont out recently when Dr. Cecil
French, ft well-known naturalist of
Washington, D. C, sjilpped nn oleven-
montlisold Rocky Mountain goat
from Vancouver to the capital city of
Cilie  (/llK.vi tiUi,la.      Hi* t,ih.i*llixl Iiiii
be placed on exhibition for a month
In the 7<Mil*n*5l_*l gard«ns In Washing-
lon, nnd then bo sent to Knglnnd to
tnko up his permanent residence tn
111*.   vy.iMr.   vil   livCilOIVi *   \iiift*i.Vi   IA*j~.\r
gleal park.
Tho collecting of llvo or big gamo
from all parts of tho world la a hobby
of thla distinguished nobleman, and
he Is delighted at tho prospective ac-
fjulnltlon of hi*, mra a ap^li-iien.    Tli-s
Trade Mark* .
. ^    _ ..JDEeroNi*' -
*     CorrnioHttr-fter"
Anyone Mndlnif • «ket«h and deterlpUon ma;
* Hulckly ucertaln onr opinion (roe whether an
larenuon It probably p^itabla.* CommuolM.
. tloni lUlotly conlldentfio. MAS-BOOK on Patent*
Mot tit*. Oldut agency for seourinirpatenta.
Patanu taken through Munn St Co, reoatra.
tpuialnoUa, without charge, lutne
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
■KITCHEN   CONVENIENCE     -
'•'' -Is,a lot of help-to a busy woman ^
y  A-nice cabinet  with-,  plenty '*.of.
shelves and drawers saves her a lot
of steps.  '-.*. ,,   ''(" ', "i *. ;, ■.'    , ,.
MAKE HER,ONE WITH LUMBER ,
of our providing.,   We liave every-,
thing necessary.,'Panels'for the
doors, nice smooth boards" for the
shelves* and ndravvers,'' Not too-
heavy  for  her ' handling; not too
light to be strong. , We'll*tell'you '
how much to buy., , Come and talk
-it over.   "      ,   ""■■ ' - •* '   ' ':
V
office and yard, Mcpherson ave., opp. a. n. dcpot, fernie
SdtBiilic flfflcricaw.
" handaomely Uluitrated weekly, targeot <fl_
ilatloo of any (dentine journal.   Term* tee
inada. U.7i a year, pokaso prepaid.   Sold by.
J newMeolen.
■Hte!^*"'J_*
Bnti«Offloe.fflJB,Bt.W__i»__ton,P.O. ,
RE THE OPENING,OF THE   .
FISHING 8EASON
One of our subscribers writes "for
information as to tbo correct dato for
tho opening of the trout fishing season, this we are unable to state, because of conflict between tho regulations Issued by tho Dominion authorities and those of the province. How-
over, wo understand tliat an official
from tho FishorioB Dopartmont will arrive shortly whon wo ifopo to bo ablo
to Intorvlow tho gontlomnn and discuss
the question rained, Tho dato fixed
by the Dominion Government Is March
25th, whereas May 1st ls the day assigned by the Provincial authorities,
Consequently we Bhould deem tbat tho
rules of the higher authority takes precedence, bonce trout fishing after
March 25th Is legal. This Is our opinion only basod upon custom and
given without prejudice.
Fernie Opera House
£iatii£es-
*        *.   .  <>    *   * - ,
■I*
arid
Vaudeville
Night
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Another Railroad
Heading for Fernie
OTTAWA—Mr, McCrnnoy's bill in
roforonco to C.P.R, extension was finally reported by tho rnllwny committee
to tho commoiiB with a fow minor amendments and a promlso on the pnrt
of Col. Thompson, representing thc
company, Hint everything poHslblo
would bo dono to forward extension
work In the west. TTe repented tho
Htutomont that now tracks to tlio extent of GS0 miles hnvo boon projected
for the coming construction spaaon
nnd thnt tlio building of those would
eiitntl an expenditure ot over 112,000,*
ninn     <i n
Mr "Kn-Yfrtpi. r.tilrt t"hM''M_<* •-",,. ,1V
should kIvo definite Informntlon na to
the amount of now track to he laid on
each branch during tho season so that
members would bo In n position to toll
,X.t,t.  r,/,ni.lll,„«l.  •.'I".*)  0».*tv Trtlfftlf   f>Y-
pect.
Hon. O. I*. Graham bad lomethlnjc to
lay In reference to tbo proposal of tbo
company to establish tho terminus nf
its Kstevan branch at Weyburn Instead of at a point In township 4, range
22. west of tho second meridian.    Ho
Uo-eky Mountain goat Is very difficult
to roar in onptivlty, ant) It I* nnlv In thbueht Umi -perhaps a cbanfte waa bf-
__*___..     f-_.___._4f_. t_     J*..*.. .__..-__.*_.___.     u*_._.hli__*>_i     #____-_•      _n<*  **i(i«I_m   -t__r._r.__. *•>___,____,   §V,-t  r_T**t*i-_i_|-_h>A   1_f_f.*_4l__.
tlio UrllJ.h Columbia mountains that
the animal can be obtained. Tbo one
shlpp-ed fa the second wblcb baa over
loft tho province alivo. Tbo only otfc-
fT tpt'-rtra,.*'***' r«_*r*id !a faptl-rtty l* In
rtronx 7.nn1otdrt*l ('.nrdfnn. Vow York,
it ■*■*«* c-*r.d ror under tbo peraona! su-
porvlsfon of Dr. Hornaday. »bo fammts
\ok tiiiide bcraoao the Canadian North
em propose to build Into tho Forward
dliirUl and the two companies «««
Jockeying for the beat position. No
action «a« lakes by tbe eoramltlee.
however.
D. T. St haffner of Souris, lni-pilr*-" _
when thn proposed Hn.  from I»i)lsse»
vain to Lnudor would bo built, Ho ro*
niark'oil that this wns a good country
which roqulrod a railway.
Col, Thompson admitted that It was
not Included In tho construction pro
ftrnm for (his sonson.
Mr. Qoo(\ovo's bill from tho sonnie
to Incorpornto tho Cnnndlnn lntor-
Mountain rnllwny company wna reported without much discussion. Tho
company proposo* to build a lino from
Fomto to Kstovan through tbo Kl.
honohna pass, with branch linos to
Elko, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Swift
Current nnd Moose Jaw,
Mr, Douglas1 hill to Incorporate tho
Western Alberta railway, wna under
consideration] whon the commltteo
rose.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoe*
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT HOSMER,  B.C.
iWdrkingmari's Home
Large Airy. Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?£»
Mcintosh/ McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Opon for all kinds of business
in their line        "
Add-raw Box 07
P«rn1«
KING'S HOTEL
Hivr Hupjillpil with  Uio bost Wlnos,
Lli-noru ami <%<u'i-* '
DINING ROOM  IN CONNKOTION
W, MILLS,
Prep
MORE .OR GIAYNE8
Th« eolony from England at Baynes
Lake will receive an additional 4.
members tn tho near futuro as thla
number ia reported (o haro passed
through Toronto April lat
How . Uiu?
W* ttO*l Uu« UwuW IliuIUi* iU«-,»*i U* ***
mm tf n—tfu that canniri l* mimfl Iry Hnin
tkunaom.
_,  «___    . _'-*».cniBi«v*oft.T«w^a
*•'», «■» m<w-«_H, Ism U.e*% t', t. K*M**r
l»,W Utt I»hmi aM Mit** taw pMfMtijr turn-
*t*U* ia ill fciau«a uwuutk»» **4 |_uad__uy
»!*» m «arry «M tar autnitaan m-*r fcr tm arm.
MitMMjj. Haia f>* fbaatnota,
7UHIH. XJlilli.
Itttt* Catarra On* a uu. Kumar. *tU*t
'llcii.ily uu.,'1 thi: li|ii"'l ,iii.| iii<v.i>ia wiliul itt, lh*
nntia. Tt*tlm.mit)\x •*•*-.t ft., |'.j-^ j, nam att
hmn*. smi ?— -" •*•*——— r
Tat* lUnt
! Feme-Fort Steeie   •
| Brewing Co., Ltd.
\ty *a lir*tri**
i fimnr lint t«t (vintiipiuns.
THE  -LEDGER"  FOR  JOB  WORK
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwlg, Proprietor
New and up-to-date.
Handsome  Cafe Attached
PtWWHiPj'l.i.i.'li JH„ iL.iU i... in. LJ. MJ JUU'I
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
■v|
*r,±)
Meats
W« hav* tha bast monay
tan buy of Btaf, Pork. Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Buttar,
Eqq«. FUh, •Mmperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sauiaots,
Walnar* anil Bauer Kraut,
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Pbent U
;
'LEDORR*   AD.   BRINQ   BU8INESB -J..--*
*--*4.
■_'-
*-K*7
THB DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, j-B-^O... APRIL 8,1911.
PAGE   THREE
;/
__*#
urn
*■•_*_ '■■-;
Sm^lt€rs Cannot Last Out Unless tHe
- *  Operators Sigh -up SooiWTiie
' •     -   '."*    .'■   "~l    . * .'.'-< *- ,. ■       • ' •   *"-   - ***■•* 1-7
Bosses Bistme Miners
-•,*-'-**""* ,    -" . '        **-'    ^-   . i      <? *~   'J,
'   -   **      . '-.-..-, - •.   ,,;>   o     .       > r    *   -     ,   ,**_,
-Writing''in Tuesday*.'   Spokesman-
" Review,^.,W.: C. Jackson* says that
" representatiyeaof the, 'operators, gtre
'it as their opinion that" there will be a
, prolonged strike, extending possibly
over", six months/slnce the mine work-
' ershavo thrown, the gage of battle, in-
;stead .of asking ,, for, a government
-.'board of conciliation, to whom the operators gladly.would have left a set-
'. tlement of all matters In'dispute.
,The resultant situation is* most ser-
,lous tothe smelting and mining industries of British Columbia. * W. A. Williams,- manager of ■ the Granby Com-
.   puny's smelter at Grand ForkB, B. C„
said that hie company had a coko sup-
- ply sufficient-,for.;about .30 days on
. hand, aiid'that if no agreement'wore
."reached in that time the smelter would
be', under-the necessity "of closing
down, because at' the .present low
. price of copper It would ba impossible
, to operate the smelter on coke brought
.from the ; east, as was :dohe before
7 when its local _coke: supply-was cut
- off.by;labor difficulties.     Said he:
,"Ourjplant'requires 850 tons of coke
:   a day and there is only one outfit In
-, British Columbia-capable of-supplying
*   the  demand—tho Crow's  Nest" Coal
company. "•We were not coinpelled to
shut. down, during the troubles of two
yeara -ago because the; Crow's: Nest
Company did hot belong,"to the mine
owners' association' at that time and
kept its mines' in operation while* the
others were tied up" by the strike. It
has since, joined the association' find
now will be tied up like the rest." **.*
li. H. Stewart,"general;manager of
th* Consolidatelv Mining and Smelter-
Ing * Company, who was returning ,to
Rossland from Los Au_ele3. was interviewed and he said: 7 -!-*
"I have been absent for three weeks
and consequently know little about the
situation. My Impression is that we
have only a sufficient supply of coke
to last from four to six- weeks' and
that when that is exhausted we shall
be under the necessity of closing down
as I k_ow,'of ho source from which we
could draw, a cheap'enough supply to
enable us to continue operations.
The closing down of the three smel*
tera In the Interior of British Columbia will necessarily, cause a cessation
of operations of all the producing, mines In Kootenay and Yale districts,
which are dependent on thein to market their "ores.
THE    VISION
WHERE  ARE, THE  DEEPEST  AND
LARGE8T COAL PITS
The correspondents who asked! respectively the following questions, reflating to coal mining, .viz.: "What are
the deepest coal pits in Scotland?"
."Where Is*tho largest coal pit'In Scotland and the one which "employs the
most men in a single'shift?" and
"What Is the largest wage of a check-
weigher ih Scotland?" will find ac;
curate, answers, given below. -
- The deepest coal pits In Scotland
are: In.'Fifeshlre-—Mary. Pit, Lochore,
30 fathoms (a fathom,equals six feet);
-Bowhlll (No. l?Pit) 225'fathoms;' Alt-
ken Pit. Kelty, .210-. fathoms; Lump-
hiianans/No'. -1, 210 fathoms ;'Blalrhlll
DEVELOPMENT OF BRAZEAU     ^
COAL, FIELDS THIS YEAR
Extensive development work will be
carried on this summer in the .coal
areas owned by the company, known as
the Consolidated Coal Fields,.Ltd., 32
miles southwest of Blckerdike on the
Brazeau branch of- the Grand Trunk
Pacific/which is now under construc-
tion to the coal fields of the* Pacific
Pass, Co., Ltd.' The Consolidated Coal
Fields Ltd., is formed of a number of
local men, .including John^A: McDougall, E. T. Bishop, W. B? Douglas, Lieutenant Governor Bulyea, and , Leslie
Zohrab-an old timer, of .the west re-
;*;_.  -' By Kuth Bytes '■:!'•',.y~j\'
■ •/'Ye'll wait fer me; .Milj,";'Von;t;'."yer-
lass? I'll come back^'sure^in',three
years, when I've got .a ._6ii_e\ together
and' then '.we'll' wed.. _*, / Say ye'll wait.
Miiiyr-     '    ■** ;$•*.*_ ^-i -'.,'.," -
*',;-.The man gazed ln(o the .girl's face
with a look of , _ passionate V inquiry.-
whilst tears filled - hiB * honest '• brown
eyes; * .The girl looked rbWd upon the
miserable scene=-7mi3erable,;that is, to
the. ordinary observer-rrbut, she-'made
no 'reply'. _'' ' ';' ,.-. •'. 'f> ~y '.'-, ,
, Long rows of monotonous brick cottages, black cindery. roads,-'fltiretched
before her eyes. .:* .The patch of grass
upon which they^stood,1 ih the "shelter
of a tarred/shed, was ^trodden and
muddy, showing, plainly.the impression of, tho iron-shod clogs, of the
miners across the "short cut" to the
pit. 5}he did not see the misery arid
squalor of it all, only intensified in
tho bla,ck cold dUBk. It was home to
her, and held.all she,loved and cared
for."*       - ^ ,"   '* .,*,*•
' The man's mind was filled with the
picture' of waving golden corn, rich
pastures, in which cattle browsed,
rushing rivers, and blossoming orch-
ards-Miho dreamland to which he was
going, to make his Mi'lly»a "dream",
home.',. • ',, 7   \ ■ .*  ■
; "Say ye'll wait, Mllly?' he repeated,
.plaintively.*''-   .'    •>'      :''''",
. "Why do yer want to go away at all,-
Jim?" she asked in a weary tone.
"Oh, lass; yer hnbwl '-,> I want yer
to'havo.a home'in,the sunlight. ■ .Not
here-r-not here!,".,be said quickly, helplessly." ke could not find words to
explain,,.and he would not" hurt her
by so doing, if he could, tbat he had
made up his mind his Milly should not
live here among the blackness and
aqualor'and degenerate Into a slattern
such as the majority of the married
women became, after a few months'
weary struggle against 'coal dust and
the smoke of the factories, in their
little homes. He thought _of her mother, her. married sisters ... the woman be"lodged with! ....
. 'Milly, lass,'I love yer,"and I'll come
back fer'yer in three years,' he" reiterated.* "Say yer love me, and ye'll
wait." - • ""'' \ , ,' _ i , ." '"
', "Yes," I love yer, .and I'll-wait," she
replied in an even tone/, not unmixed with a slight irritation.'
■ The woolen shawl had slipped from
her head'to her shoulders/ He stroked the .babyish'flaxen hair carelesslly
gathered into an.untidy but exquisitely
graceful knot at the back of her head.
And even as she did'So'the blue'eyes
still gazed towards the twinkling row
of lights, in1 the cottages,'.where the
"Glad to., see yer .home again. Jim.".
. - Jim. ih, return.' gave" back the ^greeting. " But:the effort! t." . . . The
tobacco he was smoking, though mild,
seared his mouth .with' bitter heat.
He felt it was even'.hard to drink, for
something iri his throat hurt and pressed at each draught from the hospitable
glass at hiselbow.'J'Yethe talked arid
told'tales of his life.in the West. ;He
did not mention the timber house., for
that' was-.built Jfor-^T—•", -He did not
mention the big -spruce, stump.-. Every
now .and* then an echo "would float
across his brain." . .■•'.. A woman's
voice "seemed to repeat: .*. "Yes, a
good-fer-nought actor feller, "and never
a penny did she get froin him for the
bairn, and "never will, as I said at.the
time." ,     ., *. ,     *;'. . •" "     ,  ;-   / -,.
Then a. vision of a bonnle\baby
toddling after daisies .. ... of a woman who ran and screamed "as she
came face to face with him at tho
street corner., A woman with a thin
white cheeks,'and haunted blue eyes.
, . : * . And last the picture of the
empty timber house,'with Its shady
' verandah. . . . ■ - Ah, that. other
man!   ■ " ■■-"'„
1 He took a fierce gulp from the newly-filled'glass by his side,. controlling
,hls contracting- throat by a great effort. A mist seemed to rise.before
him; the laughing %face of. his. old
friend, John Russell, as he told a comical story seemed'tb blend with thb picture of tho house "over there'", He
was back again and—what was there?
A cooing cry!'. A baby! , A little one
with blue' eyes stood by the, spruce
stump, patting its broad* flat top with
tiny dimpled hands He rose, the
mist wavered and wreathed around
him. * He crossed the room and reached the door "The air se£med clearer
there-j Muttering.^ something about
fresh air,-^ ho went • out
Outside the stars peeped * The awful, ever present thought of tbe man
faded«into nothingness as he strode
down "the street The only thing he
saw was the baby by the spruce stump.
' He knocked at' a cottage door at the
end of- the street'- A -woman came in
answer to' his knock. She staggered
back at the sight of him, with a strangled, frightened cry. „   .
, He stepped forward and gathered
her into his arms, "Milly. lass, I've
come' back for yer.". was all he said:  ,
Pitt,,300'fathoms fully. At, Niddrle
Colliery. Portobello, inclined and vertical shafts equal,.to a depth "of 350
fathoms; at Newbattle Collieries, Dalkeith,^ inclined and 'vertlcle shafts
equal 320 fathoms; at, Hallside Colliery, Newton, shaft 250 fathoms; -at
Dunbreck .Colliery,,4Kilsyth(ii228 fathoms; and at Bardykos Colliery, Newton. 227 fathoms. ' y' '
'■■ ■„ The largest coal pit In Scotland, and
tho one consequently omploylng most
workors in a single shift, Is the famous
Aitkin Pit, Kelty.' In an eight hour
shift thero over 1600 tons of coal are
brought to tho surfaco,,and 1500 om-
ployeos are kopt going to produce
same. Newbattlo Pit is a good second
to tho Aitkin Pit, with an eight hours'
output of 1400 tons fully and 140
workors. ■   ; -.»-,  „
Tho largost wngo paid a chockwelgh-
er In Scotland I*"/'six shillings for
olght hours' work. Tlio chockwelgh*
''or ls generally allowed, tbo standard
wngo for minors, and that Ib six shillings at prosont. Cliockwolghors liavo
eight hours labor, but minors' .wagos
received ns high ns eight shillings* for
thon woro Blmllnr. Glasgow (Scotland) Weekly Nows.
Tho Drummond Colliery, Westville,
N. 8., has a slopo 8,400 foot long, from
tho pit's mouth to tho oxtromo bottom,
Tho vortical depth Is 2700 foot (460
fathoms. It looks as if wo' had tho
Scotchmon trimmed as far as doop
mines nro concornod. —■ Tho Froo
Lnnco. .    .
has .been engaged!, or; some .years in
freighting! ih the districts north and
west of-Edmonton.- Mr.-Zohrab arrived In. Edmonton from the west'recently and he will leave in the course
of a'week for Englahd where, he will
join Mr. McDougall, wbo ls npw-on a
trip, through Europe. , The purpose
of'Mr,. Zoharb's trip is to secure" a
mining engineer to take charge of development work on the company's
property this summer.
Throughout -tho <past winter men
havo been,engaged in laying out the
land and making preparations, for tho
installation of. tho shafts thnt; will be
put down this slimmer. The proporty
which consists'of 7,600 acres of coal
bearing lands lying along the Dra'.o'ui
brnhch oMho.G; T. P. was surveyed
by Drlscoll and Knight last yenr.
Mr. Zohrab states that thero Is practically an "unlimited amount, of coal to
bo secured on tho property,, Conl
from thoso mlnos will bo tho flrHt
to roach tho.market from tho Brazoau
district.—-Edmonton,Journal.   '
ETCHINGS
QRANT TRAINMEN 0 PER
CENT RAI8E IN WAQE8
BETHLEHEM, Pa.,.* March 31.—A 6
por , cont ralso for tlio tralnmon of
tho Lohlgh Valloy rond wns granted
Tuesday after a week's conforonco botwoon Gonornl Mnnngor McQtilro nnd
tho union committee Tho now scalo
wont into offect on April 1st.
women were preparing tea fbrTth .Tres1
pectlve workers, whose ringing steps
could already be heard tramping back
from Iheir work." *" /
• The. next moment the - man was
straining her to his heart.-* Tho sleeve
of his work-a-day coat' pressed her
cheek with pained roughness. His
lips'pressed her in an agony of-farewell ..... his head dropped on her
shoulder ,,, -
"Good-bye—good-bye, lass," he whispered hoarsely Suddenly he released
with a smothered sob, so abruptly, that
she staggered , The next momont he
was gono—-striding towards the lights
of tho little station in tho distanco.
She gazed aftor blm In a slightly
dazod fashion, nnd gathered up her
shawl closely ovor her bond again,
Sho rubbed with hor fingers tho graceful throat whoro thb man's roughly-
shaven chili had scarified Its dollcatb
smoothness In his last passlohato embrace. Thon sho remembered an errand, nnd turnod round tho cornor of
tho houses Into tho dirty street, A
group of girls woro standing at tho
cornor. Shrloks of shrill laughter
punctuated their chattor.
"Going to tho thoatro to-night, Milly?' asked ono of thom as sho paHsod.
"Dunno,' sho answered shortly,
"Como on, wo'll chcor yor up, as yer
man has gono and loft yo, to sail ovor
the stormy son,' crlod a bold beauty
In a rod shawl In tones of good humored mockery.
"All right," said Mllly, "I'll go."
"Isn't It Great.? ; ,7
"Bully! Bully!;,, Isn't, that1 great?"
said Mr..Roosevelt as he drove about
the' famous sunken 'garden of Adol-
phus Busch,-.the.brewer. Mr. Roosevelt, was "aroused from hls^customary
fact~t
making a,living. There,are plenty
of other thousands here in this city
who ask for. no, certificate! but" who
work, nevertheless, and outside "of the
city'there aro .hundreds of thousands
of thein, especially in the'mills.^
For most of these children'the per-'
Iod of learning is now past. Evehin
the work on which they enter they
will learn but little that will be of
us-o to them. , "Most.of them will be
mere adjuncts to machines. ..Others
will be crushed by, the long hours and
stupefying work' in the stores. The
scramble for work of any kind, work
that will return sufficient money to
enable the workers to drag through
some kind of an existence, does not
prove the survival of the fittest. The
fit will be overwhelmed In the mass.
Those who possess possibilities will
see,them wither becauso of absolute
lack of opportunity to exorcise thom
and develop them.
Mr. Roosevelt. has been in a position where he did not have to tako
Alice, and Theodore, and Kermlt, and
the others by the hand,,, when they
had reached'the ago of thirteen or
thereabouts, and go and ask that they
might .be permitted, to become cash
girls, errand boys, messenger boy .
helpers or something else, or, more
fortunate, that thoy might be permitted to learn a trade. No department
store or sweat shop Inferno yawned for
them. They were protected economically, and they had the opportunity to
develop the best that is in them. In
such circumstances- children have
evory opportunity for/ happiness and
for a. realization of all their gifts.
But  the  poor,  for the  most  part,
must brood  children  to  the greater
honor and1' Increased'profit of capitalism.- • ,-• A. mother ,may have all the
love a mother could,havo for a child.
Isn't.It a consolation to her to know
that the mite* she holds lovingly ih
her arms within a few years will be
a breaker boy, > will bo working in a
cotton mill, or will be an outcast on
the  streets?      Alexander Irvine- has
pictured them' vividly in the mills of
the South.'     Ida Tarbell, who hates
Socialism, was shocked.by the excessive, number of tiny, little graves in
tha. cemeteries-of the New England
mill towns.     There are plenty more
little graves she cannot see, for'they
are deep in the mines.
,', The slaughter and waste are' great,
so let the'.supply of ipaterial become
greater, is really the sum of Roosevelt's argument.'    In all his. multitudinous words, in-that vast and towering pile, of books and speeches, there
is not: one word that reveals an_un-
■      '        , **
ial Excursion
To Creston
fDate will be announced
later—so watch for it!;
Visiting the entire district
See before you buy. Write
'me for full particulars.
I
Dig in
the  groun d . for a
livelihood, you'll be under
soon enough ! Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a  competence
for old-age. . 7.
O ' .
'Cl ! .     ■ **
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
.     eabh, easily cleared, Burton;
\       .    City, well located and .water
Joe Grafton
Fernie
JD. > V>.
snence\*~Dy-tne—iact- .uai.—amuug—
principal .ornaments of the garden are
some plaster storks; and the stork Is
the bird that' brings the babies. Mr.
Roosevelt ■ Is much' interested in ■ this
matter/and he has constantly advised
what might be called, adopting a term
from agriculture, intensive breeding,
■ It has "been aptly though, somewhat
crudely pointed put that on those
epoch-making occasions when he himself became a father ho was not at
home to welcome the stork. He was
a,W>ay, killing animals, regulating tho
affairs of tho universe, making speeches or applying tho shorter and ugllor
term to some ono. But he had perfect confldonco In his partner, and
this mattor of wolcomlng the stork
seoms to be ono affair in lifo ho has
unqualified, and without hesitation
turned over to hor.
In'tho-same papor that carried this
stirring itom—flashed across the continent from far-away Los Angeles—
thoro whs anothor and unobstrus'lvo
littlo story to this offoct: Bocauso of
the great crush that comes ln the ap
pltcntlon for working papors at tho
closo of the school torm tho Department of Health Is giving special Instructions to the children who nro to
go to work, and aro advising oarly
application. The' Issiinnco of thou-
'Bands of thoso cortlflcatos moans that
thousands of littlo hoys and girls, armed with that glorious permit from socloty, aro going to fnco Uio problem of
derstanding'of economic conditions.
He does not know, and he tries to
bury bis ignorance ln the heap, of his
utterances. He is unfit-to advise,
and what he says ls pernicious. He
has never had to face a bread and
buttor problem, and he ls Incompetent
to tell othors ■ how to face It. He
never showed' his unfitness more than
in his pronouncements oh race suicide.
Head Office * Toronto, 8= King St. W.
FRUIT    PACKING    SCHOOLS
Success of Twenty-eight Held Within
. Past Two .Weeks     '"
VICTORIA'" —  Tho    fruit--packing
schools, which tho dopartmont of agriculture has been carrying on through
out B.  C,  have beon very popular
wherever they wore held according to
tho reports rocolvod horo.     Twonty-
olght of thoso schools aftornoon and
ovoning, six hours por day, have boon
hold within tho last two wool.s,by ox-
p'erts connected with tho dopartmont,
thus covorlng nearly ovory fruit district In tho province.     An entrnnco
feo of $3 wns charged in each case,
which was Just about sufflclont to pay
for tho fruit spoiled by tho learners.
Tho ilopartment officials   havo   beon
greatly encouraged by'the succoun of
their*-,educational work, not only In
fruit jmcklng but In all othor branchos
also.
.Branches and connections throughout   ■
''•':•-' Canada .*. .
British and Foreign Correspondents in all
. -; the, important cities of tlie world
Notes discounted a,nd general banking
business transacted
Full Compound Interest paid on Savings Accounts
of One Dollar or more
JOHN ADAIR, Managor> Fernie
*»**■_■■_■ <■ fc-HH
Bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
Sixty Yemrm tim Standard
Dr.PRICFS
CREAM
Baking Powder
It makes   home
A**m*>a      MrfarMin       «•!#•<««•
baldng
VwftVtllM*
easy
■*»w*r1
deai-i? IockI thss& thc "ready-
made." Tliere lis 110 baking
powder or preparation like lt
or equal to lt tor quickly and
perfectly making the delicate
hot biscuit, hot bread* rauliin,
cake and pastry.
No Alum—No Lime Phosphates
"Atom tn baking powder Is* dan*
geroos and should be prohibited."
—Prof, Schweitzer, Stat* Univ., Ma*
Jlm Bwunu hia logs unity ovor the
Btllo.and whistled a tuno that ho hod
plckoil mi In a lumbor cum p. IIIh
hoart Banff. Throo and ft balf.yoaral
, , . ' Tho spring was horo now. Tho
meadow grass wna brlftht, with a cloan
tondor uroon nnd n group of chlldron
wor*. hunting for tho first daises.
"Whnt would Mllly say to tho spring
ovor thoro ' ho thought. What would
iho think of tho protty tlmbor houso,
with Its cool verandah wroathod with
tho wild vino? She could «lt In tho
shado nnd tow thero. How sho would
exclaim when ho showod hor llio liuico
low stump of tho gront spruco that ho
had not uprooted, hut had loft as n
garden seat, on purpose to glvo hor an
Idon of tho glnnts ho hnd fought to
mnko hli littlo fnrmT
"Como on, Mllly, hore's a pink 'un.
\r,fr.y    fitiX    n    i»-V,11 _••»*•' v-Mi******.    in    thtli
ohftTmlnf., ■coftflnp: Inn***- Ihnt rihlldr-nn
iisn to bfthlos.     A tiny mlto of two
years old toddlod over to tho "littlo
mother,' and Jlm turned nnd gazed
nt (ho child.
T*.1*-if> ovoA   flflto-nil hnlrH. *wllh lht*»
samo swelt, petulant rosebud of    a
mouth as his Stilly had!
"Wbat'a hor name?" ho asked.
"Mllly Cross, sir." snld tho child, as
sho took the baby's hand.
i "Mllly Cross!" echoed Jlm. Could
U\u_ tiff Mark CroMtt'n UUlo Ian***! t>.
| thought.    Mark was going to be mar
Certificates for
Coal Miners
-1 *, .-,.„. ■ 1
"       ' 1
May 9th, 10th and Ilth Dates Set for
The Several Districts-Fernie
* *,
Nanaimo and Merritt
Capital Paid Up   .    .    .    .
Reserve and Undivided Profits
$2,750,000
$3,250,000
$6,000,000
Total Allots
Ov** $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, Atjent
FERNIE
rlod  wben
Mllly.
ho led.     Hut how  llko
VICTORIA, March 31,— Examinations will ho hold under tho Coal Mlnos Regulations Act for first, second
and third clnss cortlflcatos of corapot-
i    *»* t.     -      T**- ^ . •»■. I,_     f-nivil* Afln nil
fitid "MwrlH, on lho fllh, 10th, and XXXb
dnys of Mny next. Tho mibjert will
be: For first class candidates—the
Mining Act nnd spocial rules, mino
gases, ventilation, general worlc, mlno
■».i.,f,fnA»i,  in..   .iirvi-itMrir*""   fnr  «mpnni1
class candidates—The Mining Act and
spocial rules, mlno gases, ventilation
nnd general work; and for third class
candlda(es-*Tli« Mining Act and special rules, mine gnses'nnd spoclnl work.
Applications are required lo be mad*
to tho socrcinry ot xbo board. Cnk*l
Inspector F. II. Shepherd, not later
GENERAL ASSEMBLY (UNION)
ADVANCES PREACHERS' WAGES
ALL ALONG THE'LINE
Th-**- room was crowd-sii wllh people.     Every now and then a cheery
ngo; (2) If n candldnto for second
clnss, Hint ho hns hnd nt lennt flvn
years' oxporlonco In or nbout tho prnc-
Houl workings of tho conl mlno;  Cl)
I If    n    r.t,*,ri(At,tfi    ft,*    l\,lvr\    M?*"*    tt-'-t
Xw hnn bad fit Infint threw venrw' #>..'
porlenre.
Candidates for certificates of corn-
potency ns managers, overmen, shift
boss or shot lighters nro roqulrod to
InrwttnX cortlttonion fr-rrni AttXv rmnXt-
tiod iii-'dlcnl practitioners nttt-iitlug
that they have taken the course In
ambulance work fitting them to givo
first aid to persons injured In con)
mining operations.
In accordance with Iho Ilurenu of
MUii'"-. A<t Ainun.Hwnt Act of !*-.i',i,
the board of examiners duly met at
TORONTO, Mnrch .10--Tho minimum
standard of stipend for ministers of
tho Presbyterian church flxod by tho
genoral assembly, will bo paid thin
coming year lu sobhIoii horo Ifi nl'lo tu
ralso $03,000 .Tor the work. Last year
tho butinl-MW-.iitP.I Htltif-tiilH woro-. Ontario nnd Onobi"'*', IKO nnd mnnso;
two nnd ninn.0 In Mntillnhn, ftnnknt-
chewan and Alliirtn; 1075 nnd nmnse
In Ilrltli.li Columbia. Tlio new kcIic-
tinto aimed nt by tlu* toinmitti'o fur tin,'
coitiliig yi-ar in: Ont-itlo and Qii.b-*-.
J'jOO; Manltobn, Su*luiteli<*\*Jun and Alberta, $1,000; IliltUh Columbia, $1,100.
Wbat Has Dandruff Got To
Do Wltb Baldness ?
its   tht  itattmtnt  trtry  dajr
tost oauit of held "   *--
lut ii ur , _
fUnelr.ff ofttn
baldniu Is dan*
pr«o«-.M   tht
.Tou
that tht ont osuit of
■Iruff.   Mi
Trut,   i
•Jtpsrturt or tht hair...
ft li iqually trut that you know
min with a theok ef hair you otn
bird Ir pull a comb through, who hav*
tsrrlid around a dandruff ladtn eollsr
as lots' ss you hsvt known thtm,
Tou hart •!*o ntn mm whon icatp
wat ktpt as eltan as a baby's whoit
hair wu mrtly dtparttnir.
That dandruff talk sounds wall and
eoBTlnets a good many of us, but 1st
*,*    l*V*    **tvt     _l,,t,fl__.
Of sourst dandruff isn't a seed thtn»
ileatlon.
Tht  sam*
air to rail
than May 3, accompanied by tbo \.ro \ Vlrtorin nnd oa a result ol Ktich mw-t
niuVjod statutory feoa, original tettl-
•ffl&iiUl* atd .vidcr.-******:   .1) If a can
ing the Minister of Mines has Issued
eertirkates of efficiency under t-pctlon
didst-* for the first class, that the ap-,2.
•i.i„?pc(lo!i    Z.   to Patrick Joi _.>h
pllcsnt Is it nrltlt-h subject and linn | mown nnd P. M. Thorey.
well*re*ai«mM_«d face would look In,had at least five year*' eiperlence inj    tJiamlnationa for efficiency la Uu**
at the Aaor, with kindly wet-wmi.n.-.jior about the iitatUiM   working ol »i ..it»i.»iM »»C mum>Iuk *IU U* UU iu
■mil* tad word, coal mine, t,nd Is at least 2f> years of'thi* city on April 24th.
_ ...     trouble that cauttt the
hair te tall  out usually eauati dan-
drurt, so if you rtt at the oauit and
arrttt tht lon ol hair, you will stop
dandruff too.
t Thoi* who unHyal's lUrsutoat And
•nd hair dr.talnf thtr hava ••/ar uitd.
It dott nop the hatr from fallin ir
•at *      .
It will   alio   stop   dandruff.
Tour.Nral Dn_gilst .chtarfulh.
\\im^'9fX*r
tmratnda'
OtU*
1.00 and loo in sprla
rte-
klsr
W. H. Depew
Frr Sale  und Guaranteed by
N. E. 6UODADV
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER
CONTRACTOR
ANO
P. O. BOX 42J.
fernie i Om tor uch tvtryday a_tmi«| •**S_Awvvr*,-vi|*.';\wm '
^a/fi^w^ramjfa~^ *mj£ ■
nwfr.'-^oiHHhjMumN **2£t^..
ITT*.
pAgepour
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,TB. C, APRIL 8,1911.
*},.'--
r"-   1 'X
-   ■ _  A
7 Mi
,*_-*. v^. •*>!£■ "T-*»V *''«***'£■
.-:,_..-f._*,_..»^..-o ^ -*--■• -** -•- -j t .—-**< - *   -
1. ;   t ",» >
* , •;   .    ,-   "     '-,-,            •     ,,             j%$^v
^ Publishsd.^ery Saturday kerning* at its office!
■, .   i*s-y*-v,?i<:cr-«S-, .'•*;.-•',*-• '/i-*jj; ;.*■■£..,-**% .
> PeUat^Aven-ue^Feroia, R^C.^ab^c%tion..$1.0Q,,
• r** L_-*_._***** "*-•*.__*     -**lfc%> ■*. ***-• *"       i —       -^    *_     >l^-.,  —X/^a.        *_■*. ^V—lF1 ,1  ^ *        ■* *      *■■!.*._    .I**    _.
*-¥■*-*■$;••_.--i - ^^-f*&'Vy^      -f-i«^.*** .rb^rf*\-V.*e-v-4  W/i,'   -t ^    |      *• **^o
.-   per.year in advance.   An excellent advertising
.*. . ..     **   „ "   ( .
^.medium....-Largest-circulation-in*,the-sDistrict.■*■-Ad-
.   yertisirig rates bit application. Up-to-date facilities
> -       •;    ^ .      ;,   .-- 7 -■*
*-*■-' for «thq,'-.execution bf^aUskinds of book, jobatid
■?7,-i,v      ..      .   "■* '-'-'        ■*-*-   ,:   ■ "**" '    *•   "-'   "    V   * *.   **   "1  -"-Ji?.,   :
1 color work.   Mail, orders receive spe.ial attention;'
:' A'ddres. all'.bmniunicatibns'tb The District Ledger
'.'■-. ':;il'-v »_ V'1 .- Vjf. W^BENNETT, Edito*. '
- - . '**)." '
:. Telephone No. _8.   ' PostofficeBox No. 380
WHAT.IS THE REAL' ISSUE ?
FROM the viewpoint of the man on the outside
. .of a mathematical turn of mind it is not an
,\ insuperable ,difficulty,.,to-,figure, at least with a certain, amount of approximation the monetary loss
.,"involved in- the present struggle between miners
; and operators, .but in so doing one must not bver-
*; look the* underlying principle involved, which il, ih
-; theJastranalysis.* simply.a matter of each for'him-
y self.   .The higher paid wage-earner,"even though
tliey may enjoy the. titles'"of manager."'managing
; superintendent, etc.:-in order* to hold those positions
'. are fighting at the behest "of their, principals and
the sole-objective-of* the latter is-'defense, of their
{ profits,* while the. great mass of poorly paid' factors
.in'the pro_uctio_ of coal having reached the point
*, when' their * earnings* are, .insufficient"' to provide
themselves and'-those-dependent- upon .them, with
..'enough of*, the things Vthat^o'to'.make life at.;least,
.a little" more endurable;'determine to, co-operate
i with their fellows>in-a demand for more, wages,-;..
t      ' ■ **■ -    ■*-
;•    Thehistory-of all passages,has,been a history of
-^struggle; _ furthermore, no'Concessions . liave'.been
made'to-men who have not agitated for them because otherwise. it i ,was..safe io,presiime that. they?
were satisfied.as.they^ere,' hence the supporters.of
the old'policy of*'' 'let-'well enough alone," saw no
,,reason.for change.-•" < • ••-■■-     " -        ^
In the...early.,days>-pf-rman's career'we learn'-that
'.he had to combat the forces of nature, and as his
■'weapons-were',necessarily of the crudest he might
;have to undergo periods" of fasting, but to-day4his,
' ?is entirely "'-different,-**- and through the instrument
'tality.-of^-machinery,- -instead*of-dying because of
'famine, we have, myriads on thei verge of.starva-
., tion from a.plethora of production. •  We\marvel
~~atr^'the    rapiclity~~"oi-" "transportation;™—events
.. that transpired ..but, yesterday. in ■ the most. remote
points-of* civilization form subjects'for discussion
at'the dinner-"table of Jto-day:. and yet-, "with' the
many vast improvements mechanically, we' must
acknowledge that;there has not,been a proportionate   amelioration .'socially.     True,   in   point   of
intellect the average "mind is.'greatly ahead    of
jWhat obtaipejl. less .than one, huiyirjgd' years ago,
but tlie physical improvements WJEtt.'dre ■'attainable
fall far short'-'of- what'.hey.oughVt'o bo tinder a
sane administration looking to humanity's, needs
rather than, to the,accumulation .of capital..•-.'..
, What IS ■'"the real issue?   -'W*o' will leave'Aside
generalization and deal' simply* and solely ..with .the
specific.    It would be the height* of folly to attach
nny blame whatsoever to tho various individuals
composin^-tlic Western Coal Operators Association,
as tlioy are merely tlie mouthpiece of tlio real owners of the machinery of production, and as such aro
compelled • to do the bidding of their masters, regardless-of any feeling of sympathy or private
opinions they "may hold relative to the .iustico or
reasonableness of the demands of the mino workers.
They are the watchdogs of tho treasury, and failure
in' their mission renders   them   equally   ns' subject to discharge    as is a trapper boy for some
slight misdemeanor.    Tho demnnds of tlio mon are
liiado with a total disregard to whether or not
dividends or profit may siiffor./' li is a bettor-
ment. of .their 'conditipn._tbatrthey.. strive for,-'their
only interest in a coal mine (as is the case in all qth-
*fer __diS-ries)' 'bei_g'tlie amount of Tsucfi remunera-'
.tion as will enable them to purchase'stifficient bom*
■jftoditie's to lh-f;decently. ''^I,-;*-. ;--..V: , l|^ .'.
0Althoughs:thiyt m_y*-;^uc-?|&d'^n-|^etti*^
.Wages, the benefits. accri&ingv.therefrom .'Jare^ bSit
^i_ " Ji,*":.' "'" - i-' * 4'_     - -J*«-iv~' -   ,    f-*-*-***^ > *■■.   *  .-_. ,j^- ^ >j
transitory, because there is no single.industry-today that stands alone, and it is merely a question
Jbf -inae'wheii "there is a repetition* of the "'deriiand*
-for still higher pay, re's-qiltant,upon .the-decreasing
purchasing "power of the dollar.' One may. ask:
Then'why .should they endeavor.'..o;bbtain"m6re
wages^ if after,being granted ari increase the enhanced cost of living robs1-them* of any "lasting
benefit?-. To tliis-'we must answer: - He"-d6es so
because'lie "cannot help. it. as he1'has to live "and
ihust win,food and shelter NOW.- -bearing in
mind that "Wliile the* grass 'grojvs the horse
starves-" Theories, however logically arid soundly based they may be. must give place to the demands which are-insistent to-day. As each ,sue-'
.ceding round of the circle is made the conviction grows that an increase (nominal) of wages
js not a REAL increase, therefore, while force of
circumstances necessitates that demands for,more
wages.be made," the true solution of the'situation is
to be found elsewhere. . ', ' "
What is that solution?    -   - " ",
■' To this we will say:,  Come, let us reason together.' ■ ■",   ■*;.''   -..     : ' "
Capital and Labor apply themselves to raw material, whereby it is transformed into a'ra'erchant-
able commodity, thereby adding to its value, and
tli'en. proceed, to quarrel over the division jof the
'added "value. ; Realizing that iii '-''unity there is
strength,"' the laborers organize unions, the'; capitalists*'form 'employers'' federation's, associations:
•struggles* ensue-in which individuals as.individuals
play.^no: part.' * The capitalist is,strong in'his 'ad-
-vocacy- of collectivity ori his own behalf, !}ut is
equally-opposed to its continuance by the workers.
and. in and but of season, by cajolery, coercion,
•misrepresentation.' endeavors; to 'force disintogra-"'
tion upon his opponent hence.the' ekraeat, solicitation shown for the''open'shop,'';,whereby a closer,
bargain may be driyeii'with the ''ideal worker,'.!
,the Eliot ."hero," a "free" laborer on whose behalf rhetorical flights - are indulged in and'crocodile tears shed about;"the inalienable right of.all
men;to woi*k,"" which, stripped of all verbiage resolves ^itself into the "right!! to" peddle'his labor
power at a price'that he is "free"to' accept.what-
"> " "0*'* l . " r -
ever-conditions'the purchaser sees fit "to impose
or. he- is, "free," ;,to'incur the risk^bf starvation.',
■^./industrial strife is ranipant'world-wide, regardless , of' countries.; colors or creeds, and; it'wi-11
only" be after long and' weary twistings arid inean-
dering arourid a vicious circle'that the full'realiza-
tion~dawnsTrupbn-7the^jmass^intelligence~tha1rHh^^
only genuine solutibri of the problem is the total
abolitioribf "the wage .system. .... ■/    .; '• ','_.
"TF?1
,i^..- *. -.•—
CAPITALISM   IS   INTERNATIONAL
({T^OREJGN agitators, cause the, trouble,'! yells
:"-;f-**t™.;patriotic X.I)..employer..-,. Earnest homilies
,are delivered urging fidelity to* their'', own land (!)
"arid.to have nothing to do'with those bad! wicked!
*■ j • . i ,   i
men from across the line! '.'.'.'
Tho old story ;of "Wolf!,' Wolf!-"'. has been so
often.repeated that, it is practically worn thrond-
bare, and the workers nowadays instead f coui-
plj_rig.,with, precepts are £ollo\ving tlio "-example
of their masters and making common' cause with
the working class of all countries.'
Thc latest example is*furnished by tho Singer
Sowing .Machine company. ';'..   -,
* ■ Thero is a strike on at thoir mammoth plant in
Kilbowie, near Glasgow, Scotland, so thoy have put
on a largo forco .working full .timo , .at ■'.Elizabeth port, New Jersey, after several months'of
shcirt time operations. Thoy are not restrained
by any pseudo patriotism in efforts to' subciuo the
rebellious Scotch men and women, and wo trust
that any member of the working class who still
retains nny patriotic (!) sentiment will have it
completely dissipated upon,giving the facts outlined tlio, benefit of a brief consideration,
THC GAT._VDIAN pmSK
OF COMMERCE^
CAPITAL, - $ 10,000,000
     rest; y 7,poo^oQt
*    '    -,    -_;.*"-_.   '/ji '!_>« .' ■= i --.,«■;*_.. *-■' .> • -•*»- .-■ '- Vxr " *'    \*,!t-"->*.ti**Jl'*'5**->.(lf'<'!'
STHE"SAYINGSE!ANK DEPARTMENT ;
bf The Carfadian'-Bank^bf; Commerce "will receive fdeposttslbf $i,va_a-*
up\Yards,\pn which interest is alio wed at current rates^a. There is no
delay in "withdrawing the whole or'any portion of the deposit. ^Sriiall
deposits are welcomed.'-' *' _v'! * -,'! "',    ;,.;„*;,.  .-   ...',,%. ^/'.-^..^M^V
,   Accounts may be opened iti the names of two or more persons, to be,
* operated by any one ofthe number or.by the sur^ivon \r A joint account •
of this kind saves expense in establishing Jhe ownership, of the, money'
after death, and is especially useful when a'man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others ilepending upon hiini'in the event of his death;. ,;
FERNIE VraNCH r.   .,'7   ;'y yy _,;      L. A. S. DACK,  Manager,
STOVES! STORES!
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
* 'V -»','"\or'Wopd' Burners, and    ,.;l'j.',.,
"">_      ■'.'. v    Wood Burners    -','"*"
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. IVI.  AGNEW & CO;, ELKO K'[.
boring mining and logging camps.' In
future tlie' business of the'association
will be carried'on through'headquarters at Ottawa .Instead of throughout
the association in Londdrij' Eng!
• The following'e' were elected officers
for the coming year:" Chairman, Dr.
W. D. Brydon-iack. vice-chairman, W.
Burns;, honorary' secretary.• Dr. Stanley Paullri;1 honorary treasurer'Mr. R;
B.-' W. Pirie.' ."-* The "executive committee consists of Messrs H.'S. Scho-
field, R.: Henderson,* Major McTavIsh,
R.Melford, Chief of Police Chamberlain, Dr.. K.D. Pantoii and the" officers
"of the association.—Vancouver World.
VpTES'FOR-WOMEN
That Des Moines, Iowa, woman who
ordered the mass, meeting of suffrag-,
ettes to get "back.to the home" was
not, crazy, hut, very rational.' - Woman's proper, place, is home, and if she
makes that, tidy, ^and keeps it so. she
will,hold.a,greater, place In the world
than, if .she had jen",votes.—U.M. W.**
of'A.'Journal, i ■'* °" . ' ^ ' r-
, (Ed.-^-Qulte right.; W;oman's proper
place is home; provided, however, that
she has" oner,'., 'As toi giving her a vote,
.aIf ____i,__.}*—tl- lciJnn-<"IKI*,- *■ __»_.— __I._____»__.!__._
_.b_u _«{;,_. n,—*c,-yopDiuic-lu_"V7Suc~mi5uir
mlsuse it^we doubt If greatermlstakes
would.be made tlian'characterize the
actions "of Uie"ior_s of creation", at
the polis. Before'manhbod suffrage was
gained, th'e advice was. of ten given to
the workingmen thai'lawmaking shouid
be left Ih'the harids'bft their betters..)
*>.* ,*,.'    , j"*V ,*-"    '    ;   •   *si'
. ■»..  a,' !   7  m-v
LIST OF FIRE, STATIONS
COAL  CREEK  BY  174
Mr, Win. Eviiim wIhIioh  lo lluuik
publicly tlio Honi-il of MiiiiiiKoinent of
llm C. (1. h. niul A. A. nlno llio m-nin-i
lioi*H liuil  frloniU, for tliolr UIiiiIiiohh'
nml iiHHlHlriiH-o In lii'lpliu; lo Hi-mi IiIh
chlldron (o Kngliiml
Win. .McKomni mil  Altix. k>ft lioro
' InHt Ruiiiliiy fvonliiK for a trip io tlit*
I.iiinl o' 11 (iiithi.- nml kuIiI wlitHlccy.
I1'nml. Went wood loft horo lnnl, .Sul*
in-liny for ii trip lo THrniliiK.i.iiii, I'liiff-
Iiiml, mul n cortnln youiif? lmly cnn lwj .....ny to llm liluli njiprrclntlon In wliloh
luinnl HltmiiiK, "Whon tho fields oro i "liiily** wiih hi'lil, not only nn n foal-
Grout Falls,-' Montana, and wo lmvo a
post card from tjiom tills wcok H.at-
iiiK, "NothliiR doiiiK.'
Iko Mosoloy, and wlfo and fnmlly
loft, hero on Tuesday >for Hurliin (Mly.
whoro thoy Inlond Rolng nhiinil wllh
lliolr fruit minim?. (i
Mr, mul Mrn. Bid Knight mid fnmlly
movod to Pornlo IiihI woolc-ond.
SMOKING  CONCERT  AND
..PRESENTATION
Tlm Miio..lii._ ..oncoi'l mid prcfiMitn-
tion kIvoii In honor of W. Mcr<v{iin
in llm Club Hull wnH a rip ronrliiK hoc-
criHfl,  mid   tho lOllllOHt.  Itlml  of  IohII*
ilmlloi*  nml   offlcnr  of  Dw  olnh,   bill
ItltowlHo rm n .MAN overy Inch of lilm.
I'l-foldonl HlinnkH wok tho rlinlrinnn
of llm ovcnlni*;,  nnd  took  rIiiivko of
tin'   IciiRlliy  cud  I'lijoyaliln  prniifiim
Blddnt, Davo Martin; Vlco-Proahlent,
Uornaril Cmiflold; Soc.-TroaBiirbr, E,
W, Iluelies; Comlt.tee: Jns, Lok*iti,
Olins. Clai'lilgo, .Too Wortlil'ngton. Robt
.Tohnstono, Joo Mlllnirn, W,m. Tlnlclor,
Robt, SnmpBon, Stovo ITall, Robt. HUIk-
horo. ,
It wan mtrrcd to nnlr. P. MulRrcw,
Jno. CmiflnM ami .Too Mltcholl to net
ns roforcoH.
Tlio 1io,vh lmvo IoIh of llrno now for
pnu'tlBlnp., ho should thliiRH turn out
nil I'IkIiI thoy oiutht lo kIvo ii kooiI
nccount of Ihoniflolvon (his eoiiilnp*
Romioii.
"FIRST AID" CLASSES
FOR LOGGING CAMPS
Work f St, oJolin'o Ambulance Asbo-
tion to bo Greatly Extended
Tho local brunch of au .lohn'n Au*i-
which whon roiiuludod wins followc-'li lnilm.ro AhbocIhiIou hold lliolr nnniinl
by  tlio ovmit of lho ovciiIiik.  wIuhii ; mootliiK «t llio offices of J)r. Hrydon-
whltn   with  iImImIom  Ho'll  rotui'ii.'
Mln« Ruih Rpriipion wnn vlsttln**; hor
mother  niul   biotlicr  In   Mlchol  Im-ir
W('f'l{-<i|lll.
About .10 hond of mlno Iiophih hnvo
boon taken down to . M!ori*lnojf thla
iv.*, k.
,l',i<»f.   Citliiiiil,   !',.(.   in.. l*   U,i    ,*li<j|i»'u>
inr n trip (o .Vcltton.
Iirivvo lopun  nnd  Pot-r-  Dowc*:' l-'ft
licio hist woolc for their rnnchci.
Thin ir-uiiilly bimy bunt la about iib
i|im.  urt n .st-t,   i.iip.iii',11. iiiiui iiii nun',
thy.    Ono might nlmoHt Immilno that'
n pIpriio or I'lildonilc h«d Htiuclt tho} Mr. MoI<.t.nn, In IiIh reply, dunked
■.••unii im tho innlii »f~in of iiirtvofliimt'ihrm ono nnd nil for lho Rift, Hint-
oro mm jmfkliiK thrlr trrtpi I-, n -ill*! lm; tlmt wlillo ho prized It hlfihly for
ncfp to pull ont. The (\\w * «m flnsi j lifiolf, thnt lis Kwitost valuo wm^i'mj that followed lt wan explained Ihnt
i«I'-*-(| when mon mo-'f i*i -r*,,"- |, .M*r*. vFclr-nri' nf frlondilifn ll thoiroil fli'i-iho Snrroni ftohnnl tctwhorn worn rodo :*o;i think this rJeppasi" \>t> uafr',!!**! held nmotiR thom. .reiving InHtrncitoiiK in firm nld, nnd
Tl r. r„-*fn*nnoril r""1ilttu • ,-iro nm'^ - . • i. \\;lr, <iir-r;,*.,.',*.,| fj.r,_■ • ciuc'i'.ntnCfoil."
t-iMii*, h»p butlm dully *niil homo :n*c, A |iul.li<; iiivotliitc, wuh U-U lu Dw|»lioiild lw iiindo lo tlm aiHliorllli*» (o
tnliiff to liiro tlie -.rayliiiK from IhnlrU-lull Hall lnxt Smiday for i\w iiiin-u'c-Unv.* t-laii.e» formed for the atudenl*
ilaiup reborn*. Hoveral nxiod moHiew of orKanlzlnR the football eliib, Thore nlno, It wnn decided to enrry out the
of r.i-nUn diet wi-tx ohtuttit-'l.            iwas a fairly Rood Attendance, ami the] work ot tho HOi-lcty oiitnldo iho «cop«
14   Cornerryictorla Avenue" and Prior
Street  '.     . , '    *
Corner Victoria Avenue and Gem-
mil 8treet * ' /
Corn:er  Victoria  and  Cox .Street
Corner Victoria Avenue' and Rogers 8treet   ",
Corner .Victoria Avenue and Davis
Street     ;,,,.-.>.,.<,•.    ( .
Corner Fire Hail'.
Corner  Pellat  Avenue  and   McEvoy Street . i".
Corner Howland Avenue and
Wood 8treet. ■■ •"
Corner Howland Avenue and Jaffray Street
Corner Howland and Drlnnan 8t.
Corner McPherson Avenue and
Thompson Street
Corner  Dalton  Avenue and Cox
Street
Corner Chlpman Avenue and Cox
Street
Corner, Chlpman    Avenue    and
Thompson 8treet
' *>v
' ,1 - ',     **     '     • 1
Cigar S toe
/    W. A. INGRAM -7 "
"..Wholesale"and Retail.",/'
Tobacconist
BarberShbp
• '77   *'' '.-;'"": '     ' \      7
7"'",f"7;.Baths'"-..'/-.'   .
,' ;r,k Shbe Shine   '   7
Bowling Alleys    7
Billiards and. Pool ;
Coffee and Sandwich
, ■ ■ ■    '        s     ** *. .'■*■'*.*
'■ ■;'''7v/Counteip;.'•-  '*." .:,'.
*7 ;V    "''. '..: ■■*.. ■■-■.'. ■•_'.    **■-..-•  <■
JHazielwood,Buttermilk   ...
,4-   '■    ■     -  s '    ■*-..
. , "i'*1   1   r;I  ...'( '.'  -•  '   r-'iO ''**-. ,-   '' ■**•■
'    • •       ' '" ;'':
->' :'»'7""-'7,'-"-*'. :■.■*•'' '''-i :■"".'  v*-"7
,-:v- Viotoria -Avenue •*** v
FERNIE, B.C.'\Phone 34
.111, ii'iiim h.i,iiij.ri IU,nil) tiie iii.i.iv.ti.i-
ilou nccoiniiankd h>* uomo well c«o**'ii
remnrhn.
Tho kIH coiiHlHted of a IhiiiiIhoiiki
mild wntch nml chain, thn limit l.lp*
oii.ni nail 111 inn *.Hiii\ hiiiitun> en*
Rraved.
.lUClv   lU-'Ullt.-,    101*   UH)   |Hlf|)U.Htl   Ot   I'*!-
\Ic-aIii_; t|m >i'iir'n work and ulo-tln-?
offltcTA for die •fomSnf. -season, In
lho courso of IiIh luiioil tho Huctiitmy
iiR'iilloilod thut lho (iiisii.u.s .IurliiK lho
pum yetir wctc not so iiiiiiii'I-ouh, 11111
tho ntnndnrd of worlc iir formor yenrs,
mul referred to the Mr-Olll UnlvciHlty
ColleRe. -where overy ntudent Imd oii*
tnlnod rertlflcntofl. . In tho iIIbcuhfiIoii
e*'l'l«i<nt,*!
WHAT  IN   DLAZE8I
IleK iwinlou—oxciiBU un,' hut
renlly iVn ho HUddon wo hard*
Iv know whnl we were nbnnt
VOU HAD BETTER
QET INSURED
mid then you won't ho unduly
fi.-r-ll.   I   IP   ,     .'! -,    ,       1-       ,  ,*.
I'
FII.E POLICIES
It-fiiicd horo nro 0. K. Thono
who buy  thorn   -snow  whnt
thoy nro ntioul. Th"/'!'.. IO-
I'i hlo nml Bfifo.
I'al-ljr FTf*n atxd Mit't KaleAnT !*-fi
her*** Irtut   Thnriilnv r»-nl  nro nnxr In
rollovliii; off5i-*r« **fr*r. cW-t-wl*;
lion   Pronldonl, .Inbr) Shank**:
'id xbo rlty, and tbo- a.'.r-oMftt'fon -will'
Vro   hotfn by tormlnte olniton in Iho n*»f(*|rh-
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance    Real Estate
On the first day of the.month,.after
they heard the clock itrlke twelve a
warm discussion took, place In
QUAlUS HARDWARE 8T0RE, Fernie
B. C,, between a. sad Iron and a Sou
venlr range.   7
When pressed for nn explanation,
ln ordor to smooth over things, the
sad Iron said the rnngo got liot nnd
flow off Its base bocauso it was a
black log and a fuol.
The range turned Its*back nnd said
tho sad iron -without reason wont off
tho handle, At this tho Jacknlvcs
oponod up and handled some cutting
romnrks which causod tho caso to
opon ond request thom to pockot
their Insults; but tlioy refused ' to
back out of the discussion or. shut,
up. It, had grown, ro spirited that
the thoniometorfl dropped uomo remarks nnd thon got. hot nnd wont up
lii tho nlr,
Thon (ho chine] cut. In with 11 tnng
to Its firmer romnrks, hul tho nugor
hit It heoniiBO lt hnd horo onoimli.
Tho plumb Irlod Its lovol bost to
Hiiunro IhliigH, but ovcryono wns so
hot that 0 bar of ROldor Htnrlod to
run and was load awny by a hnnd-
hiiw which wna serowod up to suolia
pitch Ihal It. showed Its tooth mid
nnld It never hiiw such a cutting up,
- Ilut tho Ino eroiiiu freozor kopt cool
mid liiriied ni-mind wllh 1111 ley stnro
lierniifln. It Is r-ulekor llinn lluhtnliiK
whon lt Is utlirod up,
Tho rmigo lout Its 'plpo nnd could
not smoko mid hemm lo elbow Hit
way nlong ns the hoso turii6d lo rubber and started to spout, but  was
.11*1 if*  off1 wlion   111**  fur.   li'mil   nff  l,«.lf
cooked mid pluraid It.
It began to qnlot down mid did not
wax grater on a hoii nail raised Its
Iioiul and In n, rciplng volco said:
"lllossmy solo! I hopo this Is tho
Inst!"-
*-.
,.«_....- ..-..
. _.■,..,-,■•.,«-.,
*., K.*#'£'f*iito.'-tMA.*-»y'-f-'p'4^i*&!-*',tS''0'!* '
'    -, -    _.     .   -?1.
5lliOU    ished witlirSoutaehQ and buttons.,Qol- ".
oiy:..Nayy..7Cardinali;Brown' and\Black.'.-;-_ ,- ;y •■--
'" ' '"-  A '7*-   *   7^     ;   '   - >    '*■'      ".   -.'-1 ■ ■ '-~   '7    .
-_1_y r rt One-Piece Panama Suits; braid trimmed,.'
vl-fciwy v-ypke-of aliover - lace. ■' t Colors: Navy, ,
Greyind.Blaek.'';.'1   _.:,,.,.,v_" '. :',:     ,,f   ".'7"..V*\ .
- with bands ■ of - same;,silk, yoke, good
Opct-Piece   Panama ".Dress"es, trimmed
tailored effect. (-Colors':*Navy;" Black and Brown.
:-mtt'Sxi^^r-:i^rry:yy:
-.V-    -TV
.   Just what is right' for the present season.. These ,
Suits are, exceptionally well tailored and" all lined
>,  with good reliable silk or _atii_' -The, cloths are in "*
': ;"a good'variety of colors; in'many, case's.there being 5
' 7 only one of each style, ,so„ there, is .no possibility; of .
-. two persons having suits'alike;1   We-guarantee' to -■
. ' fit; no. charge for alterations.
4' -'..
"        '       f
'.4
_  "
- 7
'ir/-
t
■ ;j-)*.l
.■-'j. *
New Skirts
'We'have opened* to-day a nice assortment" of
separate'Skirt's m Worsted,-Panamas,*-Serges and
.Soiles. 1   Sizes-up.to 30 inch waist measure.*:' - • '"
XV'}-':X:i:^.Limitedr;1';'.;::"^';:**
.1   1;-
.'■{'
r
y
,i'i
'^|
IF YOU WANT TH E BEST
,     And  Nothing but the. Best In Fresh   .
,*     and.  Smoked   Meats,    Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry   y'i
i. Etc.* Etc., go to   '■        i -;..,■■_._:_ .
1 ••.       ,. ■ *- ,*■ '' '       . "
THE 41    MARKET  6o_
v.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
if
<;*
C:E. LYONS
*, „ 1*
1 i 1 ■       l
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
JEFF
The Jeweler- That's All
Right on the corner
tmmta
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
J.D
Hardware     Furniiore
1116
CENTRALLY LOCATED
Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C,
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water - L. A. Mflli, Manager
ftammmm*
.
1
LEDGER ADS PAY '*■ /
<l   ".*.
_   -   ._; >*
,*r* -
<■_*■
•X**'f     ."    -_?-w.iJ*-?A
*,rr.t 'i*.
r«.rt._»»•. «
., ,.j. _.rf»v--'ii-.'-» '
*w-is. .ty rl^X. \iSAt *MJs«» «*«ft*^_a«ft«vi.*ft4a\ **..-._ c*-*fcW.v_J*_^-_!«4U».wk-,H:'
I m^HMHH*-*-^^
• -S. '*'^v tf r A £?■
*__■•._•*___. •   ____»■_. J.   .i     *     p*     «•    i.    4
-THE *PI8TBIOT LJ.DQ&&;; FEtjdDB; B.";^ ;itt|ffi 8, IWi;
^;.fi.bf f. ?■-_.-:,V-1 •/•, ri.r\ ,„_ ■-a7, _* n  j ..,, .r,« .,.
.'   .      '--i <&%$.'••>*•? i-JV- \   "i^ly^'h.      .,;r:y.r'r*y:>y,
* _ ■ 1 .:.^.v-U-^ **•..»;'<. .**_-.•>*   ., <  -...'•         ■'  .,;-'•-„ .-.'„• ,«,..-•;
_____■___■_■___________. ______■'-. i ____________________      .    .    „'-',-___._
PAGE   FIVE
'•' .*•? v- jjjp -
i"«".     -_j
i;**.""
g*^y^vv*Y.y;-.gw
**"-,»••-  -J        -*   -J   _ ** -Ja*--'-■>. '5   A**"* •■"■-** *,    *
,\*
By "Crimea"*
'■•♦♦♦ ♦,♦"♦"*♦ ♦ ♦;♦'♦,♦.
;;;','Are^Ve down_earte_;4a Michel,? No,
;;not w_! '. On. Tuesday a free concert
'■was given* by the , Michel• Excelsior
' ;Band wljlch proved- a.'great-success'
\\anfl "was enjoyed by many. , The fol-
-, ^o^ng-'program ..was gone through, and
Rendered, in great, style.,- .. Mr. Vince
•ProdBbam  officiated  as'-'chairman;
, y.Grand-,march, The Band;-selection,
'/Michel _ Orchestra; , song,. Tho Diver,
■;Mr. Alf Willirims;'- song,-'.-Roses,'Mr.-
.Richard Prince .spng,- Alice-. Where" Art
Thoif? Mr.;VInce Frod8ham;_song, I'-tia
^Wearing My Heart Away for You; Mr.
,Wm.' Oakes; selection, The Band; se-
Jectibn, Michel Orchestraf~song, The
...Organist, Mr. Wm. Talbot; .selection,
The Band.- A:boxing,exhibition given
py the..Travers,.Brothers/'th which
'lots ;of -skill -was' displayed*''.rdufeW;
the, nighVs" entertainment to a'close.
Mr.  Joe  Morris  acted  as .referee,
>, *• Wednesday the' married men challenged the single men to a, game of
football,-"and-the resvilt was in favor
. of the married men, 2—nil. -. ' -
:j A very fast game was*played, and
.all ar§-;of the opinion that -a rest is
doing, everyone, good.. -The"teams'
wefe.as follows:;, . , -., y, ,. ,..•
v Married Men:—M.,. Joyce.-;, (goal);
" Thos "Oakley and Sa'm; Moore" (Sacks);
- Jas. Guest, W. Whitehouse and ji _ er-
,. gusori (halves); D_ Garbut,* H;' Brown,'
Wm Wright,,R.-.Oakee. and-PredPol-
*.. lett (forwards).    -.7        ' V.,,-..-;...'.
} Single men—Dave Sudworth (goal);
Jas. Watson arid H. Evans-jbacks);
Wm. Grant/Wmj, Savage and"Joe Mor-
,, ris (halves); Sam Hampton,' Tom Jen-
kinson; Thos Jackson, P.. Beddington
and\j".,Br_scoo (forwards).-",
-/-■-.Messrs Brown, and Oakes were the
n(en -.that scbred;*7 '; 7 l '•' *-•'.'•
. 'Messrs. Beard; Wilde and Elms ha*ve
left* camp to "work.iat,-.Cprbin.'*-*;7.,;..
.George Millett" is now back at his
trade. . He is wood.butchering around
the boarding house. ?. Anything for a
. -U7l^*_.5?yA5.9g_>__?:-'. *V.\*&f*i*-;;j*s«**-f_>1*
-^r.'-Mick^McLean has'secured•'*a
position- as foreman with the Pinch
j Lumber' Company at the town' ,x of
Finch.' Wh(K. said that}, Mick- wtfs^ a
~wbodAb"ut"c_#?. :V' -   't^7T^"?"'i '■***/
and are now-located'along the"ban^s
of the Elk. " Joe says its a case of
fish for your breakfast" or, go hungry,
■". Don't call me in the morning as per
usual,,dearest.—B._'Sugar.. \ y~.    :.y:
-iW.^,- Yates* has'gone up.the Elk,to
work for the Imperial Coal'. Company;
who are about to build a bridge across"
the Elk River, " • '.'■-'    ^ , •'•-,'
- -Uncle* Ben"is'.'now* located in RiveV:
side; Mansrlon.i VH& says'that he Is
good, for six month on his own, ani*-.
way.7 His famous whippet has just
had a fine littol of'.pups, which are
for sale. jH-$B.*a-pfece cannot be re_-
lized: on theii *Beri'says that into the
soup pot they j willf go. ■ , '}
The only persons working in Michel
are,the flrebosses and Tom Mathers_->
Mr.', Thos.' Crahan is away'on a visit.
Tom Winters is in charge of the
hotel„durlng,l(is absence.. . ,-,?'
■•\-The ■ banks of thfe .Elk'"and. Michqi
Crfefcis are lined witfi flsl^ermen, and
good catches of grayling are reported;
♦ 7COLEMAN N6T^8:BY22
Too bad that trout are not Iri'' season*1
v' -   ' "  * . _,*' I,-I"*'' *-** *  --'.**.'-  _. *.' '
boys.?-.._,» iy,.,.,.,*- -  -._ ,*.,. rj..y    ■■
CORBIN NOTES
.   By '.'Svyeet 16*C
* rr.i-
,7Messrs.''Davey ,and'Jbbris" are" .ut
hunting big game in the shape of .bear
arid were fortunate enough to get. one,
which we, believe was not of a *very
large size,* for after, having fallen their
p-tey. they left it to get a drink'and
Iri'' their absence ■' a  hungry  chicken
.   - _.**-»■&"_■ v^'*-^*5_**-%"-'*«tj^x_O^^Jriii«^t_*.'J**i'w O-Tl
hawk swooped down onitana carried
it away.--    . ■. *„."*'■'■'■" ,:'-""". '':--' ;
, Mess^o ,-Wm.>'>iWrlBht1'..viV*inee'",Pj*pd--
•sham and Robert Hampton leave, on
Friday for,* Creston, ..where '.they --have
,locate'd fruit,' ranches';!; ,, Now .Vin ce,
old: boy,* thoy won't bo able to fire,
you on your own property. ;
, Vl^e learn, of .the'Wa'rriaRei'which
tdolc place at Yapc<yiver,-qf*MlBs Mrjry
Davis and Mr, Daye.Purvis,.both.parties formerly- of jiflchol.',' Thoir many
friends wish thom much joy In iheir
■now; undertaking.   *
Owing to the suspension of work a
large number, .have loft" for" all Sparta
■of tho globo.' "*"'., , ' ;'" '; * *
., Wm,. J, Bennett Is down hero from
/tho Creek, lho' Intends, to, stay .until
things rins Bottlod satisfactorily. There
ls no.placo lifo homo, BUI,
Miss Ruth Spruston was a visitor
lioro from tho Crook, SUriday. '  "*
Davo McDonald, -for many1 years
checkwolghman horo/Ipft on yiTo'dnos-
day's Plyor for Uio const whoro "ho Intends to stay for soma tlmo, Hopo
you Jinvo a' good tlmo, Davo.
Tho,orders nt|McKinnon. Boarding
IIqubo nro: Go to work, if not pay
your board In advanco; or got out.
Messrs, Wm. Cawoopr, Josoph Swln-
r -We had *a,visit-from a fire'insur-;
ance, company's inspector.on Tuesday;
He is perfectly satisfied with the "fire;
fighting 'plant'. installed by," the * * coal
company.*' ';''":,'-..'••-;"■'*■• * *■. >
,, Our erstwhile choir'master, Mr." Jenkins,' arrived on Wednesday. He looks'
as dapper as ever and is in good time
for the forthcoming.rconcert..     ....   ';
There-^are'-Bo. many JWichelltes- at
present resident'in Oorbiri that we'are
figuring-on shifting tiie headquarters
of Michel. Pootball Teanm
* .Mr Roberts.-.General. Manager of the
coal coriipariy.spent'flie week-end here
We think if it depended on Mr Roberts
the present trouble in ,the Pass would
be speedily settled. ".. '„ . •-*-
- The iriemborship. of Corbin - Lodge
.No*. 64ft. I-.0.0:P>.; lis,: rtetfanfvincroasing
iri "spite,of tlie'iiard' times!''.*6ri-Monday night seven meiribers were adriiitt-
ed to the degree of Truth. y%tter the
ceremony-the' ta.i'es'-wertf iaid-for.:'__UD-
♦' ♦'«►♦♦ ♦'♦,.♦,♦ ♦ ■#.'«.
'i,^t[™ ^m .turrifed, inr'from Bridge-
fords was' promptly responded. to; and
quickly g.t under*controi'' .We would
strongly' urge""upon the "authorities to
examine-buildings'. _ri'*'cdurse 'of' cori-
StrUCtioil ''*'*..■ ■':'.",'-      j'*,.-     '"      .,  -
• :■ The - examination- of - the" St John's
A_.bularice;'classe_ -"was a*"100 Ver "cent
success, 20 rec .ived.,,thesfirst^,'thn/e
Becond, 'and prie \third; class£cenifi-
cates i *yr.$!\'<s.- * v_  Vv*-"'-",.:;,  ' v
.-.Dr. Malcolmson, the examiner, gave
great praise'to-Dr!5lossVana-his pupils
aer it was very'evident that Uiey.had
been painstaking in -'their ''studies of
those subjects of so vital .importance
to-.those engaged" in industrial pursuits.
Tfle bo^feejl'-vpo^proud ;v,'of. -.thei*.'
aqhievemerits' tiat"* tliey. are' seriously
contemplating .-issuing t.chailehges * to'
other teams. ' (Ed!—JElighl" you are,
boysj;' don't * losejanjr; UmSjn. 'putting
your intenflons into actions and. you
yilT "be '^urpriseV how: quickly' the
challenge will be^; taken, up,' as Coal
Creek team; ,is '^.caifiieritr**of .beating
Michel(i.and'.^Michel.Stands ready to"
tackle all comers, as they, deem,them-*
selves the equal.of any bo_y in'ambu-*.
lance.-work;)-^ V, ■-"■'' "'i-v-. •;•' ?"-
•'   mt.'''*     i» *'' '?'    -,i'' •*■    ('■-.    ■'   '■'   '     i   ■'   '   "
: Th-ere^areima-oy taking^, advantage'
of the lay-off "to visit fn-icri'ds' both in.
this country .and'.-the .. old'.r country;,
ploughing furrows';11 shooting gophers
and other doughty deeds." To- give
an. itemized list of names is .too long
for5'publication. <"-i'   '.""'"''•"''-'"
■}'. ,.: -COUNCIL MEETING     r«-
• lT^ .j®SuWSme'_tIn.]g'.; was -held on
Tue-da'y;■. J^The' several' ■ committees
gave in -their reports which were acted u"p.n'and^adopte'd.*'*''™' " .'■"-'*
,* 'Tenders, were operied for the building'of bridge and.conduit..-,-. J.; Muririo
!was the successful"applicant.' Work
will be commenced as soon as possible,
' Adjournment until "Tuesday Week.
»**¥»*W#,**W
■>•„
!•'
»*,*
:»■
>• -
>•
j*
■>.
-,■ -
•i-
>*
«•
yyyyyVYyyy
per;and ^ai.most/fiiijoyable evehing_'wa.
spent In songs and speeches. Some
of the Michel brothers were present.
The goat has been pretty, busy of late,
but'he revels in hard work and is prepared to work ■ overtime. if need be.
Mr. James Wade, the genial repre-
,*_sW4y_^
is, expecting the .route., .any. day.,..', It
seeps there are "riot enough beef-eaters
herV'tb;!warrririt"V .rari.bv tieirig 'klEipt'
up here> -We will have to fallback',
on-;,Joe/.Qau'thler and his' rabbits. •) ,:
', Bllly->Is still0riutterihg. around ,tho;
candle flame. ■ ■ ' '
t Alec Black Is,,Inventing^hln'gs these
days. '"His latest is a detonator caso'
to'cbtoply.wlth-the''new C;'M. R; A.
. The .coiil company expect to Install
stoa'm' shovels at their now, seam ln
tho near future/, Thon,""what prlco
digging coal with picks?" •',
ALL*'.LABOR  BODIE8  IDLE   '   ',-
ON WEDN-E8DAY
Whon some raembQr of tho mastor
clnas pasBeBOver thoOreatDlvldo by
the natural route It ia not infrequent
that all the laborers of a given Industry, cease, employment for a brief, porlod to commemorate tho ovont, but on
Wednesday., of tho "present week tho
groatost demonstration In history took
placo ln Now York whon tho workors
of ovory Industry Buspondod their la-
tioi'B for tho wholo day aB, a tribute
of, roitpoct to tbo 14'J Hvob'that woro
immolatod on tho altar of Qrood by
tho holocaust at tho Trlnnglo Shirt
Factory.
the smoker in'
.W.R; Ross,
mj\p..-\.j,.* :-,y:-   ..-. -, •.,^ .;,,v ;
Mrs A; B.^Campbell-and sister,- wers
recent. Pernie jisitors.' 7 ';." r '   . •
. Miss Nellie' JMcPaddan; left' for. Cai-
gary Jloriday.,'.   iy^   '..:/. ■",' 7'
Miss;. Mcke'e,_of.Elk, is visiting, her
auht, ,Mrs.',-Kenriedy.*".    ',.     .-', '*,.. > '
■Mr. Joe;Buts'uk;and Miss A. Rapp
leave* this week for Spokane to become
Mr7an'd"'Mrs."B.''^ ."*  *"."'     "''",' ''
*" Miss ,Marle-t" was th'eT guest of her
aunt^MrskWhlmster, at Feraiei Sun-
day-Iasr.1;*;.^'^ yy  y,   ...;:*,»-   .?.
'Mrs.* Higgins and^chlldren' "left pn
Ihursday's train,for a.trip,to Spokane
an -Vancouver.'* * -l-i1*f   '■*' *' ':
.. Miss L H-PJltWa^o ia suffering from
a very severe cold which we "wish her
a speedy recovery from
Mr. H. Wildman; father of.^JIr. P.
Wiidmari, 'left .Qn^Mon^day.for'Taber,
where "he will reside in future with
his 'ybuiige_t'-son, ;Ed ., .
-, •T**}e*J?*."^tr|c^?-'Sbte^hayipg.rbeen ■ extinguished, since* Monday- is conducive
to Bitting at.home £y,"your .ain fireside," as., one riiay inadvertently..take
a;mud.,ba,th*'if walking.;thrQiigh ,town
after'sundown. :',"j,re,'  \   .. ...    .,
, Mrs.^'^lccles^n,^ \yho., attended the
masquerade, ball; 7was successful in
capturing, the, first. pylze, for the most
graceful, waltzirig. ... . ,,; .'
-Mr. Tom. Pitzpatric^'s,. steady, address., for tho summer will be Camp.S.'
A' K-,,Mill-?r has, gone to. Edmonton;
"VYhere'he wlil^meet-.R. ,Drlnnan and
accompany him., to.,. ..the - -Yellowhead*
Pass.,/'-- *7'.;.,.-, >-,     ,.,.',,.,, ,,-t   .;
Monday , night Mrs.' R_' AnderSbn
sprung-^a surprise, party'.*,upon.- Mr*?.
Robinson.in which a number of young
folks* participated and thoroughly enjoyed 'themselves. *'-Vm_s. R. leaves
shortly for her homestead in Alberta,
and. carries with -.her. the good wishes
;of.her.mariy Hosmer friends.   ' .-
O '
. The* fortnightly'Lehteri tea of ,the'
Ladies' : Auxilary:"of the Anglican
Church,!., held*7at .the   home of Mrs.'
LILLE
By "Royalty."
—. •• ,,*;„»..
_L    JLJL  JL~0
J".    *--rL«5r JS.      JSaJm .ft..—*
i , "
A   High   C!as?   Boarding   House
ii—
• ;The members' of ihe P.O:E.' (Eagles)
intend'to hold "a "hard time ball", on
'Apri^ 17th, _,which under "present circumstances ; ought ..to * meet with * approval and.will:nodQUbt .be well attended. '"'." -"_,"' V "i . 7 *'
•TT*There-fare--jpfew"Textra*7memb"ers~of
the R. W.7n:1,W." M. P.' on duty in
Itown, their principal, occupation being
io-act'as chaperons "to'some of the
,;pbbr chaps who are working * This is
^totally' unnecessary-*as"*we b'elieve' the
jbeft (or worst as the case may be)
companion. anyone -can .-have is*-his
-memory, and of these nobody1 can deprive him .MAq-.Shakesp'eare'fsays:
•"T^ils, above all, to thine ownself be,
• _     Z\'   •;-""i''\ t!^Ue'     ')' -1        ''.*.' "V'
Apd it must follow as night the day
'- '„_. , thou .., ..„.,     ■*-
1 Can'st not thenbefalse't'o any man.*-!
•r To.be, true.to.oiie's'self'man- muat
be true.-to-the class of which-he is a
,member; untrue to ,them he'does a
greater injury to himself than they
can possibly do him, and In after years
if he possesses a spark of iparihood
in his make-up he would"giadly'blo't
'out the' unpleasant recollections that
forco thomaeivoa'upon his mind. W9
are confident that tho well-oBtabllshed
comraonsonso of our citizens will cori-
tlnua to prevail bo that the labor's of
the R N W "M P will lie a sinecure, iind
as thoro aro a numbor among thom
who aro footballers, think it would
bo' an excellent plan to get up' a* game
botwoen them and a toam from Colo-'
man.    -    ■.   * *
Tlio flrobbsBos hore aro not at work,
I.wondor If this Is In nnyway on nc-
count of tho rocont formation of an
association? Doctors have their modlcnl associations.' lawyors tliolr bar
nsBoclnttonB, mlnlBtora thoir gonoral
asBombllOB or BynodB .manufacturers
fortoriuious, union niou • thoir trndoH
ami labor councils, but flro*
boBBCB must not Join together for mutual benefit because—woll,,' bocauuo
tliolr Intorosts nro Identical with thoso
of thoir oinployora,, iiorliupu? No!
Nothing of tho florl! Llko tho «lil np*
Iilylng for n Bltungon iibIcoiI If tlioro
wnro olthor cnts or chlldron, nml upon
bolng told thoro woro neither In tlio
Iiouho, r-ifunoil tlio Job, Iiociiiibo bIio
finld, If iitiythlng happened, crockory
oto,, brolio, who had nobody to liliuno It
on; ho, nmc.li In'a Hlmllnr wny It Ih
iiiU nilvlHiililo llnu rirnhoHROH aliouM
bo nllowo'd 10 form nn iinHoolnllfin, lm-
fiiiiHO llien 11 nilBlit liii|i|ioii Unit lit*
frn'cllonB of Uio lnw would plju-o tlio
oniployci'H'lii tlio biimo position nn tlio
norvimt ftlrl, having nobody upon
whom »o lay tho blnmo would havo
In nrfont It thoiniPlvoo-
♦,♦* ♦\**: ♦♦■♦•♦"♦•♦♦♦
- Lille will soon be practically deserted as every train leaving carries the
full complement of passengers with
bag and baggage en route for pastures
new,. The'majority apparently making for.the, coast and Vancouver'Is*"
land, and.not a few returning to their
old homes in> the old country.   '
Constablo Muirhead has:,returned to
Lille bringing with him a bachelor who
we are. pleased to'learn is bo enamoured, with Lille, and -its. surroundings
that he will npt remain a bachelor
long and an interesting event is looked
forward to. . ..
Mr. Edward,Keith, late engineer at
No. 1 has gone'to. Pincher Creek
equipped, with* au up-to-date ploughing
outfit and has everyone's good .wishes
for his success.;, -  ,,. „   -,
■*-.' Mr. John Pickering has left for Calgary where he has secured a position
as attendant at the asylum threr.
de"d. - 'The Fernle*ladies present were
Mesdames" Bleasdell;• Lawe,*,'"McLean"
■and.Spalding., .    * -','    ".-*'■
On Monday mo'rningiif. P.'wildman
itaefwith.a nasty'accident, narrowly
escaping •"death.    .He,was attempting
The* Philadelphia Press,,in-reply to
a question put to it by. a correspondent
makes, a" brief summary, of the results
in elections ori .the prohibition question
ascertained-after the last.vote.*.- It
shows that p'rohibitoin is, decidedly un
popular and thatj.the.iprohibition movement is not meeting with that' success which its supporters would, have
people to believe. •-•>:■ -'• 7 ' *'' ■-
* Florida defeated, prohibition by about
4,000 votes.' ...Hillsborough County, in-.
eluding Tamipa, voted for a dry state
by, a large* margin.'"'' 7 ■ "
i -*1' Missouri' rejected , prohibition by
about V1B0.00,"'more than half of this
G. N_ Railway
Fernie to
_
liondpri
by ,Eail and Boat First Class
$99.90
''..... account of
Coronation
Ledger. Ids Pay
Full particulars at Local. Off ice
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
"      and
EMBALMER
„,„„,   .,   _     . -      . ...   being- the vote in St.. Louis. ,
2 CkS_,JSr:i^L,!I?!l!,a!^     ™°^.- «*»*_ to accept locaj
v
?l?IXJi99MS-~COMFORTABLB.
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
R. FAIRCLOUGH, frofirtetor
COAL CREEK, B. C.
;to alight from 'tho'local while in,mo
tion\ari_; fell to, the.'grouhd,. bruising
his head' and hands,* and still %is considerably shaken'up "as. a result of tho
experience." "     " 'V"1'" ' \' *'''  * '
.';-Or, .Corsan, o,f,-Fernie, was .here on
professional..business,,jjhis .week. •   '
Mr. John Murphy,' who has been '.n
brieiness here for the past three, years,
went insane and was rfemoved .to' Cranbrook Thuri_day ,week accompanied by
Father, La Salle, anij^lr. Peter, Let-
hauser.' '     ' ' " *,,:.,,"
AS.lay, who had been following a
strict Lenten diet, living exclusively on
fish, and jthat salted, generated,such
an nbribrniar .thirst that upon seeing
a-barrel'of beer could riot resist'tho
temptation, and had consumed a considerable ' amount df th'e - liquid "wlion
Ccnstnblo Hartley entered upon tho
Boone of action and arrested tho bibulous, gentleman.     _    >,. ,__, .
^A week ago Thursday tlio C. P; R,
track was crowded .with,mon, women
and chlldron'rushing down to boo tho
eastbound train stuck In,a Bnownlldo
about two'milos down the line,
Mr. Murdoch McGregor, returned'to
town Saturday.
Messrs. Cllppy and..Morris, left for
Birmingham Tuesday,   '
.   Mr. Aloo Book, of Tabor, dropped In
for n friendly call Snturdny last upon
his frlond Mr, Stovo SUnn. *"
Tho hnrd-tlmoB danco glvon undor
tho aimplcoB of tho Noblo Ordor of
Solomon's LIIIob, Friday, woolc, was a
thoroughly ciijoyable affair.   ,
Inspector E, Evans,, of Cranbrook,
nnd John Straclmn, of Coal Crook,
woro giioBtH of Mr nnil Mra Rolmrt
Straclmn Inst Sunday.
An Itnllnn named Frod Spnnncl, who
dlod In tho hoBpllnl Thurnilny wonk,
wnR burlod Snturdny Innt, A lnrgo
crowd of his follow workora follownil
thn coffin to Kb IiiIr roBtlng plncn.
Mr. Dnvld Ilorlliwlck loft for liln
nmch nonr lind Drcr Siimlny IiihI.
Mr. John .Mi-folly wim 11 pnnHongor
on Hiindny'H oiiHlbnum. -on routo to
hte pioperty nrnr IMmonton.
M|-h. Orr visit, fl riiend*. |n J .'ni!.
Mondny Inst,
Mr nnd Mi-h Jiii-vId nml chlldrnn, mid
MIbb CrlBslo I'llblndo, Hpont Riinilny
wltli Mr nnd Mr-*, Dr llnrboi* at Pernio.
'\r-'ir,„tl„i.    IM 11' ,     .
/ ' ' •-   'Ht      *K,'\l,.     ..1.    .
Vnrrh In tiw ,*lMn'r»r lllvlnlon Dxo fnl '
•&<*> + &^i4*<*m + +i^Jiy ^ I lowing pnpllfi worn In nttoftdimrp ovory 'J
sopnlon: Mnry Unity (olaHH A), .larnon *
Millor,  Holin«   Pnlorliok,  Rnlph  Tor-
tornlll (cln»n 11) (tho innt Iwo wero not
OVOtt   nntrlifiiX   "tor-lv"   rli'i-lfic-   M."    *• ■;
Uro  23  Hchool  days),  Irnono
option* and high license as a substitute for; statewide prohibltiori by 30,-
00 majority, v, ' *,-*••.* :'*.. ** -
'. Oregon turned'jiown prohibition *by
about 15.000.;\ This, was due, to" the
pdwerfur'antl-ppjihibitJTOJnfluant-pInf
the "state", press; led-'by'the Portland
Oregoniam* ,- *,-' ""-• --.'.* ■ ■ ■ ,-,■'•-
", ■ Utah", by the defeat of friendly candidates, indefinitely - postponed .'consideration ,of prohibition, y.,     .7 :,;
Tennessee smashed the violent anti-
prohibitionist Patterson "Democratic
machine, electing-a-governor pledged
to enforce'the present prohibition law;
, Arlzpna,: rejected) prohibltipri. ;•
Idaho defeated Governor ,-Brady, 'by
1,000 majority. " He had declared for
prohibition. Except irf one county,
the-license majority was everywhere
Increased,    , > r.   ,-:. , *
Indiana repealed the county, option
lctw,.,7.*       .        ■   ' .,
Iowa'elbcted tho Cummins Republican faction,' insuring the perpetuation of license for some'time.
Minnesota regards unfavorably the
county option It la cortaln.
, NewMoxIco defeated prohibition In
Its constitutional convention.
Nebraska"' defeated , Dahlmnn, and
county option is cortaln.        ■   '
Now-Mexico defeated,prohibition in
Its constitutional  convention.
North Dakota' ro-oloctod for the
third time Governor Joan Durko, who
fllnnds for n prohibit!jii law.1
In Pennsylvania tho Antl-Snloon l.oa-
fiuo failed to get a count." option inw,
llliodo votod four mora cltloH wot,
lo&vlng only soven ciM-?H dry,
Tn South Carolina, Groenvllle nnd
Ou.onvlllo County roloclod a rolnBtntn-
irif-nt of tho ills'ponjnry, Thero 11 r«
tour. llconso counties out of fourty
two In Unit Htato.
South Dakota turned doivn tlm county option lnw,
In WiiHlilngton two oltlos nml Homo
nmnllor t,ownH voted no IIcoiiho, lmt
thoro Ih no hopo of prohibition loglB*
lai lon by tho Onriornl AHHumbly,    «
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Sery^doi
every da;y from 9 a.m. to 11 p.rii.
Pork and Beans' Saturday'
ship &. Mackenzie
,Storo Phono 123      ,    Hoiiso Phono 180
an
y '"   I.am agent for
''The Pride of 'itt..'
A -Flour of whieh one
trial is" all that is'needed
to-prove its worth.        ■
Try"CI$]!i6",.a\'b^:i
fast food that is,. a food .
W.G. Warn
> -  * . ^     ,
General Merchant
Hillcrest:
I X-
el
-Wm^Murr*5
Prop.
JONES
THK POPVLAR BAKER '
Coleman
WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL
DEALER .       ,;
Special arrangements for
■ Parties,   etc
Order yonr, Cbrlatmaa Cake early"
Apply  f'pr  Price.Ust
■ijr-.Rd"and-__Ke8T8hipped~on— the-
Local.-for Eastern Camps
•   7.  - ...i    7,"->   ,
ers
New Michel
& Blairmore
A
HOSMER  NOTES,
By "Krltlk."
■«-l
Mlliot
(<-ln*ss O), Cnmpliell r./.zy''(clnin. D),
MiiKPio LondlK-nlcr hoiiiu tlto palm for
tho t'cnlor UIvIhIoii.
«*•
<.
^>
*,.,">*>*>**)ili-(>*^«-»^0
Mr, Houclicr, or Kilmonton, wnB tlu>
Riioht of Mr«, Winter on Tuomlny.
Mr. C. II, Winter loft for n wock'H
woll onmort liolldny in nolilon, |     '          	
Felix Join wlio wont InBimo roo■•<ttlyiAlf' a vj|lnn»>lo nnd nutrition* Itixnllv.
yan  tnkon  to Fornio  by  ConuiubJo um< 0W*nK ,rt «n n«lvo jnodlrlnuli
' Hnrtloy. principle. j
,Mi» .'JrownrlRB l» bomo ft-galn f-rim f-ontnln tlm nrttvo prlnclplni of FIDS,
j*I«ltlrix frlendH In Dollovtio nnd Bur- comblnr*l with othor vnlunblo meiil-
i'1 ' Manniii*. end Hire -_.u»f_.rit<*_. to cnr«
I    Mr. nnd Mrs. Frp.| WlMmnn nro «-|WKAK ItLADDKR, I.A.MK HACK \tx\
iJoldng ovor tho rocont nrrlvnl of nJall-KIDNKV. I.IVKU. STOilACll mi
j»:j lb. non
novvi.i, nisoniiKna. At an Lionitm!
IUiiii W*Hin«N(|nr, Mnrrh *»!», ilmight- HT, cmtn i** bnr, or Tlio Fjg pju Co J,
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
\ t% f f\      <^>i *••) r*
V V   V.,     CtJ   O
.•^ *■**. A-     p»
Aiuu ivuiniujH a jLotcerv
*-~^ *r
But we are putting on the best
IV/Tfifi^-m   "D./•%+.,.*.♦.«    C*t».s
ern Canada.
•« ■" *•   _> >"»
vv   in
VV c&t-
^wmm*mwemt.mm'i
wmmwat
Prices   IO  and   15c
er. to Mr nml Mr* Murrny,
St. Thnmnir, Ont.
V I*'
I
•I
_
M
I''
,£-,?. ***"**'. -.'*.'-
•*£**#-_■.
5:_r'^ft*-yifu:
.*•'*?.    . -:-Vr'-
"* •"!"
..-.
_ ^--.. *-■,
iH the
One Who Knows* but Now on the Outside,
*• "    .      ■ *  i .       . i t - - ,-r-**?, .      V ,. l ;,*  o
Reviews the Workingmen^ Side
In Their Request for Only
|        a Square Deal and a
; Living Wage
The following article from the pen
of James Douglas will be of 1 double
interest, because, although now oho of
the "public,"  he occupies- a. position
which but. few'enjoy, that of an intimate knowledge of all the phases .incident to coal mining gained iii the hard
-school  of  practical  experience,  both
in the old land and the Crow's Nest
Valley, which knowledge has been supplemented by travel "over  the "fifth
quartertof the globe," viz.—Australia..
As an outsider and as a member of
that "much abused" public, hut as one
who formerly held office in Dist. 18,
U. M. W. of A.', I would with your permission discuss, the coal situation as it
affects the coal mines ia the Crow's
Nest Pass.!1    ■   ,     *   "
*   I read with considerable interest Mr.
. Ii. Stockett's views on the*'situation.
Referring * to   question No.' 1.     Mr.
Stockett* said that at the inception of
■ t_e convention, the miners'' delegates-
agreed to eliminate the question of a
closed, shop.     Assuming Mr.. Stockett
to ■ have  been ,' correctly   quoted" and
knowing^ the aims, ideals and objects
of the miners' organization, it seems
- to me that at the inception of the convention, there-was either  a  general
misunderstanding or that the miners'
delegates  had   relinquished  a furida-
mental'principle, temporarily of trades
unionism, a position that seems to be
negatived by the, .fact that the delegates voted flatfooted against the in-
. troduction of'the open shop'principle
latere l        •      .      -    '    ,
It ls always desirable in these cases
to  dissociate   the   personal   equation
Tn~~indus"trial crises —ah"d7"wKen"7"Mrr
Stockett is quoted lt Is as thc chief
spokesman for that organization bf
capital, known as the Western- Coal
Operators' ^ Association,   whoso   chief
tion than the miners,     .Through the
ownorship of these minesand accumulated profits on hand, they are riot in
the same distress as the miners, who
sell the only thing they have, their
labor—in fact their lives, in order to
live and_ provide for those dependent
upon them.   ' Assuming that some aro
a little above the point of existence;
the great mass are ever on the poverty
mark, and so endanger   their   moro
fortunate' brothers in' any protracted
struggle.'    'But they are all more, or
less dependent on their daily toil for
daily food,1 that is to' say, theref^is no
surplus from week to week or month
to month as their pay days vary.   ,  .,
In the production of coal, as in any
other article for sale,' the labor embodied in its production ls based on,
and expressed in, the same terms as
nay   other   factor, * entering into or
being incorporated in its production,
such as  horses. * mechanical    power
rolling stock, permanent plant, etc.'
Herein lies the crux of the open and
closed* chop question.     The secret of
successful business lies in the ability
to purchase these   several   factors in
the cheapest market and. soiling the
finished product—in this case coal-
in the dearest.    It is on this industrial
rock that society is "wrecked, when at
times we seem in danger of slipping
back to barbarism.. These coal barons
assert their right to sell "their' product at the highest possible price, but
howl with righteous indignation at the
miner who tries to sell his one commodity, his labor, his very blood, his
very'life to'the best possible advan-
fnoiing. ot equality,, as some arc dis*
opsed   to    think, but * always ' limited
ind conditioned by the state of his
larder.'which despite Jim Hill's prog
nostications is i ever too repl?te,  .
- The fight' against ti ade unions ? s
none the less abated because of its
seeming  fixity in  every day institutions. From its early stages, when the
pionoers( had  to   fight   the-'-   hatred;
bigotry and stupidity ot the then owning class, who fought it, as privilege
has always fought anything that .promised amelioration for the workers,' as
an encroachment upon    their' "divine
rights."      Most people, even the coal
operators, admit ot^tho right to .that
of a pleasant Sunday, afternoon, or a
mothers' meeting." But that the .workers, should use it, as'a lever, to lift
themselves into a higher social plane,
does' not fit into their scheme of things
at all.      ■
At the present, thu capitalists are in
frenzied opposition to trades unions
in its last logical expression, that of a
closed shop, which simply means that
if trades unionism has lifted the work-
era out .of the industrial, rut, to'something • approaching' human*, standards,'
that all who share the benefits, ■ shall
share the expense and responsibilities.
The most violent public enemies'.£ the
closed shop are those who k.now. least
about it. If it be logical that we all
pay bur pro rata in taxes for the
privileges of sharing our Canadian
civilization, oh what premise's is it
wr.ong to ask, nay, to insist, that those
who receive" the benefits of•-■ trades
unionism should pay their fair share
tage.       ■_ . ' -    ■•
It is beyond the peradventure of a
doubt that the labor unions have done
more to assist and raise the standard
of the workers, than, all other agencies
elements are very probably the C. P.  combined.     That the'workers, recog-
R. and the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.  nls;o this is demonstarted by the fact
Personal animus should therefore be
discounted as tending to obscure the
Ibsuo of the two conflicting parties and
when I read that'Mr. Stockott stated
that he was sorry the convention*had
proven abortive. I believe him, as
honeRtly as I ' believe he has his
"orders." *   .
It litis so long and so often boen
stated from tho press, pulpit and platform tliat tho Interests of capital- and
labor were Identical, thai; it comos almost as a shock to tho great unthinking mass that thoro should be such a
divergence .of Interests botwoon a closed nnd opon shop, as to threaten chno3
tlii'ouRliou ttlioentlro Wostorn country
Whnt then do these * terms signify?
So luig as tho'present system ot Industrial life -ontl.*ii.*.<s thoro is bound tn
be two classes, tho omployors and om-
, ployed. Slnco tho feudal or serf system broke down In favor of tho wage
system, there has nlways boon mi om-
ploying and a laboring class. To
those who do not study "tko quostion
it appears tnnt wo havo had tlio pro
sont systom always, nnd thoy seo no
hopo of evolving Inlo a hlghor, bottor
nnd newer stalo of society.
In tho production of coal, two things
nro nocossnry, nnturnl wonlth, in the
allium of ronl mlnoR, nnd opplloil labor
In tho shiipo or form of coal miners.
It Is vory nppnront thnt Uio conl
mlnos, through political manipulation,
piirclmBo nnd olhor moans, nro owned
nnd controlled by tlio W. C. 0, A., ho
fnr ns lho Wost Is concomoil, It Is
nlso nppnront Unit tho employing
class nro In n vory much bottor pout-
that the workers have clung" to their
unions in 'spite of everything,-' jails,
polico courts, starvation, privation,
realizing that this was, and Is, the, only
bnrrier between them and tho, slavery
from which they sprung, They know
from bitter experience that what Is
good for tho bosses is harmful to
thom and whon thoy see tho springs of
public opinion being poisoned against
thom, It only makes them more eager
and moro cohesive., They know tho
subtlety of the "free labor" cry, they
know that that freedom means the
froodom to accept what ls forced upon
thorn, Thoy know that by froo labor
tho capitalist means Individual labor.
Now, as*always tho capitalists havo
favored tho Individuals bocnuso thoy,
are much easier doalt with.   '    ' >
Let' mo ask of whnt avail, If ono of
tho employoos of the Crow's Nost'Puss
Coal Co, walked Into Mr, Ashworth's
offlco nnd domnndod higher,wagos and
bottor conditions,'both In and out of
tho mines, or again, If n miner nt
Ihuikhend or Hosmor wont lo soo Mr,
Stocltott on a slmllnr errand. Tf
Mossrs. Ashworth and Stockott wished
to hold thoir own jobs, they would
hnvo to toll thom "to go .whoro thoy
could got them."
In thlH prosont day of glgnntlu cnpl-
tnllRt organization, the Individual Is
completely holplosR, ho cant mnko
terms if ho would. Ho must of nocos-
slty comblno and mako coll.etlvo
nmeomonts, or accept tho omployors
toi-niB, which would spoodlly placo lilm
from whenr-n ho umorgod. Jflvon In hlfl
(•ollootlvo nt'ito ho is by no mmtiiu on n
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
t^c ttt i _a ^ c o n
in perfected form, the best typewriter ideas by
whomsoever nd. nnccd.
For our latest manifestation of this policy, inspect thc
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 arid 11, which
embody every desirable feature extant—PLUS an Adding
aiuiSiibtractiiigMcchanisni which constitutes an innovation.
The voice that cried in thc wilderness 30 years ago:
",you cannot afford to write in thc
old way;" now acclaims with equal
conviction: "You cannot afford to
calculate in the old way,"
Remington Typewriter Company
{Utmtetetae,
818 Pender Stroot
Vancouver, B. 0.
for them? ,■*'-*    *    .
- But right here the capitalists of all
people, poses as the champions of
liberty.. .They declaim fervently that
a laborer must be free to join the
union or otherwise. Shado of .Patrick
Henry! that thou, oh Liberty! should
be so fouled that those who wouldst
slay thee, would first betray thee with
a kiss! Go where capital has its un.
limited freedom! Go where the open
shop is in full bloom, and what do wo
find? How doe. tho mantle of industrial freedom fit tho slave of tho
Guggonheimors, the ■ Steel Trust, tjio
sweating hells of New York and Chicago?* Whore do we find tho sweato*.
children, the emaciated wife, doing tho
work that naturo Intonded should ho
dono by tho fathers and husbands?
Whore.do you find tho highest Industrial death-rate? Whero, Mr,
Stockott, do you find your stunted men
and womon? Whero I dsk, 'do you
find conditions such that would cnuso
a pagan Romnn or an anclont Groolc
to blush with shamo? Whoro but in
your opon shop? Your opon shop Ib
but nn opon road to degradation, to
mlsory and finally to a doendont nn.
tion.
Again, coal miners nro not unllko
nny other profession, *   Doctors,   law*
yors, bankers, brokors, publtcdnB, par*
sons, nnd, In fact, moHt all professions
orgnnizo ior thoir own particular protection.    Wo oft times boo thoso pro-
foRHlonnl mon In troublo, for a broach
In professional etiquette, and If conl
minors claim tho hiiiiio privileges, who
Rlinll say thom nny,     If, nnd I do nol
honr you deny it, a minor Is froo to
cIioobo his ploymateB, on what Rroimilu
may ho not chooso hin workmates?
IlocnuBo, nftor nil thnt In OBsonco In
whnt It amount a to, a minor may not
bludgeon nny pomon Into IiIb orgnnta
Hon, but ho hns n natural, nn Inlior-
■••nt right, to rofuso Co work with any'
ono, who hy his notions IoihIh lo don*
troy whnt the traded unions hnvo nl-
ready built up.    Tho trndos unions bo-
Hnvo thoy nro upholding tho Btandnnl
of civilization, of humnn doconcy, and
they reffnnl, nnd rightly so, any mnn
who refuses to contribute his mlto of
nsulBtanco, an an onomy, iib ono wlio
-ranpn, who hnH nol sown, a traitor to
hin class, nn onomy of mankind.    Of
courso, whilst dispensing with n lavish
hnnd  nil thin frwilnm. It hnn rnBorv-iil
no Inconnldorahlo portion to Itsolf. Tho
W, C5.  0. A.  roHOrvoB to Itself tho
"employing" right to I'hlre and flro,"
In thono Industrial heavens   of   opon
shop, who got fired but tho union mnn,
thft mnn who in naturally most oppoucd
to tlio c/ipltftlhu Intercut, thoso who In
soir protection slop botwoon tho ri'it*
tnllnt nnd his proMs?  Tho ngltnlor
wl.ii yenrntt for tiimo of tho luxurloH
of lifo, for himself nnd his, and which
ho knows nro hi* by right, but which
ho know* he can't Ret except aa a
class and In his offort to educate hin
"fro."  uott-ui.Um -Aorkur.    U*>    fluila
himself fired nnd oftentimes   black-
lUtwl.     TIiIh Is no dream,   or   wild
Imagination, bur stern realities.   lAfor
unionism then in terms of closed sho-***,
ittndi (or a hi titer clvllltallon, a _i-
tev t>uuylti iuul u .'.Mi'x. vUtltt raco. The
•pen «hop cry !• but At bMt, cheip
alop to trap tho unthinking and ttAndi
* espoaad It unashamed, as a. mean* lo
further degradaand lower the worker's
for t_e benefit of a small and vicious
circle. -_ BTen-the? closed shop lri.thei
cplnion of a'large and ever* growing
number, is'not the »nd of human pro-
P'js's? of social evolution.   It is regard-
e-i only as a stopping stone to a higher
and better state" of society, an epoch
in the weary rise of, mankind. ■-, That
this is much "more than a. dream and
the day wh©h the Industries of ihe
•fforld shall hare arrived at that state
of centralization .and   concentration
that, capitalism Itself" will fall of, its
own weight, is -exemplified by the fact
that the Steel* Trust of America pro-,
duced last year 11,000,000 tons   more
Iron and steel products, than the com-'
blned output of all the'iron* and steel
works in the United Kingdom.    When
that day arrives, soon of, late, the need
for a closed or. open shop will have
passed away with It.    With respect to
(lem8nds_or advanced prices, I do nol
touch,' that is in the- domain; of "the
mlner-i themselves, vylth their officeis.
There'seems to be ro doubO whatever,
that the cost of living has risen rapidly
of late -years; and if this be so, the
union'leaders will no doubt, and most
likely have expressed themselves upon
It. ,  It has too been pointed out that'
conditions have entirely changed since
the'existent wage basis was formed.
Safety lamps,'have:taken the.place of
naked'- lamps ■' and blasting has been
very materially ^decreased, which even
to the uninitiated will be seencto be
of Importance to the coal" miner.   In
most parts of the mining world-the
disabilities _re offset by differentials
in rates where uniform conditions   do
not exist.    However it is evident that
«n-attempt is to be made to deprive
the miner-of'receiving, any share of
the  industrial  prosperity  which' this
country is'enjoying.'   Why should this
be?   Why should these men, on,whose
efforts  as  a-* class  civilization  itself
depends 'be.defraunded? ,
Imagine if the miners'of the world
In - conjunction refused to mine, any
more coal.-* -Railways-.would be at a
standstill, steamboats -would cease to'
ply from clime to clime, and we would
as assuredly, collapse as though the
cosmos had rent* ln twain. - s *
_.J__the-^great__ub!ic_could^only____
brought forth in favor of^arbitratibn,
hut'for the fact that all industriea'arid
society  Itself has- and.jcbntinuea ' to
reyolve,;- preclude any^ possibility,. of
'arbitration.    ^As ever,/we live ,-in;an
age .when, might, Is right; ^j.HowYcan
we. escape it?    Whether Canada\will
follow the footsteps of New Zealand
and .Australia or not,' remaihs "t6.;he
seen,\but in those countrlew'despitetho
assertions'to the contrary, by'7'pirofes-
sionai" arbitrators" the workers themselves have repudiated it,and ta,Australia' Btrikes, are of a frequent oceur*-
rence.   If the miners.accept the open
shop, they will do so liy force; biitfthey
will, never arbitrate .the question: Will
England arbitrate the relative sire of
her navy, or will America arbitrate'the
Monroe .doctrine, or-Germany on the
size of her army?   No!   Because these
people are profoundly impressed that
embodied in these principles lay; the
safety and well being"ot their.people.
And just so, whilst the' present industrial conditions remain as they are
at the1 present, arbitration is bound to
fall, because it does not,strike down
deep   enough v into , the   economical
cause, which create   and   perpetuate
thts industrial friction.       ,
-     JAMBS DOUGLAS
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,. D.D. ,«.;*.
47 V    ' ' >*..    DENTIST.V       • 7 7 -,*••'. -
*,_,'. ", • .     ..   " , iv,**   . ,-   . ■ -.**
j'-'-.-.N -. *7; %; -• ,. ^*,-.'*. .-,.: ---
-7, oitflc**:. Johison-Faulkner BlociW"'
Houra 9-12;-1-8; * V>;' -::   "V' *. PhoM 72
i   i
-"ernle.
B. C.
.-    »R. J. BARBEH, »ENTI9T   * *.
Office Heaieraon Block, Fernie B.C.
Houri 9, to 1;' _ to, 5; * te ?;
* ■ - Reeidemee 8_- Viotoria■ Ave.' "
:'*».:._■■<"■■.■*>   * ;".,  y,-. -.",-.'"   "7 '."••'
W. R. Rem K. C.
W. S. Lane
ROSS,  MACDONALD. and LANE
':,  Barrister, and' Solicitor.      *.
Pernio. B. C.
.Canada*
L. P. Eckstein,
D.'E. McTaggart
A. M«BM_»ll,:Mgr
'I-
_
,"*-,*'
THE PROBATION  SYSTEM
The Successful . Method* of Dealing
With First Offenders Without the
,Use of Jails "or Reformatories.
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, BTCi
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
P. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
the conditions these great stokers of
the  universe lived, worked  and had
their being in inostevery country'that
makes civilization possible!    But, says
Mr. Stockett, _s mouthpiece of the coal
combine that-the* operators are afraid
of the public and so, cannot meet the
demand of the miners without raising
the price 'of codiy  Heaven protect us
from our friends.?   Since when has the
C. P. R. and tho C. N. P. C. C. undergone'this change, of heart or is It so
much industrial sand to squeeze out
the water In their stocks.     Tho real
capital invn-'Jted would pay handsomely
nnd leave the publ'c,undisturbed.   Bui
even were this not to, I am convinced
that once the public ■ understood the
truo conditions, they would.insist that
their miners should.bo properly paid
and protected. , ^f ter two abortive attempts to come to an agreement, the
oporators nre vociferously demanding
tho intervention of tho law or arbitration.    It wns suggested by thom thnt
two representatives of oach Bldo should
meet and with n chairman from tho
supromo court.    If aftor J.G days' deliberation    tho    minors'    convontlon
failed to agroo It is hard to aee how
two from each sldo could do othor than
likewise, unloBB ono or tho othor evacuated a position "occuplod  at tho
convontlon bo that thoroforo tho onus
of "n, sotllomont. would rost upon "a
Judgo,     Now,tho flrot question .that
arlBos Ib, ib a supromo court judge
cbmpotont to mako a fair and Impartial 'Judgment?'   Ib ho sufficiently
acquainted with all thc technicalities
of tho coal mining Industry?    Han IiIb
mental trnlnlng na n Judgo procluited
his having Biifflclont industrial know-
lodgo?   Or lot mo transpose It.   Could
Mr. LowIb Stockott act ob offlclontly as
a law maker as a mining onginoor?
If nol how iIocb this offoct a judgo?
Again lot It bo naked,   Hnn tho pro*
coduro nny procodont, and with what
results?   Lot mo ntnto that In almost
ovory country ,whoro It haH boen trlod,
It him had a uniform roBiilt. thnt of
bringing tho Judleary into contempt.
In Now Zonlnnd, undor tho moBt favornblo conditions, tho workors nro repudiating  thi>»o „ Judicial agroomontB,
nnd preparing   to   rosort to tho old
system of trying to onforco tliolr do*
mnntlfl by BtrikoB,    ThU, undor pro-
The probation1 .system' in Alberta
has'been in force for over, three years
and the^results have!fully, warranted
the1 expenditure* of time * and money
necessary' to  secure 'such  results.
Alberta makes no claim to being the
first to use probation. 7 The system as
used in Alberta is copied largely from
that used In Cleveland under the, direction of - Judge • Addams and Mr.
Lewis, the chief probation officer. ■
*- The "common question: "What Js
probation?" can be answered by,stating: 'Probation is a system of .correction designed to improve the character
of an offender b'y giving him his lib-
ertyurider friendly and coercive oversight as a substitute for punishment.
This. is done by' the judge before
whom the case is called. When he
would deem it proper' he would not
pronounce, sentence, after a person
had'b.en found guilty, or would suspend the execution of it and release
him- under a conditional agreemtnt
of. good behavior, in the case of a
juvenile, appointing a probation offl
cer who shall, instruct the probationer
as to 'the'mode of life he must agree
to • adopt, and 'who shall personally
■^sirthTTrfo'Dationer'at-unstated-per^"
iods and.'require'return .visits. v" By
introducing the probationer to helpful
friends, and by'a-friendly oversight
of the boy's recreations and amuse:,
ments, the officer exerts a helpful influence-on .the lad entrusted to hiB
care.'- Reports are required weekly
and these the probation officer must
fill out and, send to the superintendent. * ' *    ,   " '•
It Is of'course difficult to* secure
the right'stamp of Individual to act
In the capacity of probation offlcor, as
the work requires" both time and energy, and no amount of olther will accomplish the end otprobatlon unless
the probation offlcor is interested enough in the small dorellct to bo able
to win his entire confidence and sympathy.
The dangor of probation ls that Its
indiscriminate, ineffectual or corrupt
application should gonorate In tho
minds of tho-futuro citizens of tho
stnte a contempt for Justlco, nnd In
tho futuro lawbreaker an unconcern
lis to tho conHequenoeB of' his nctfi.
This dangor ..can bo averted by the
careful selection and ovoralght of probation officers, tho absolute Insistence
upon tho probationer reporting pronv
ptly to IiIb offlcor, and thus a respect
for law and ordor may bo dovolopod
In Iho minds of the hoys of this generation who will bo tho loaders In tho
noxt fow yoarB in largo matters of lho
community of tho country,
Thc Immonso ndvnntngo of probation whon proporly hnndlod aro Bolf-
ovldont, Tho corroctlon of chlldron
without depriving thom of thoir liberty or lilnclng upon thom tho.fltlgma
of imprlRonment or bringing scandal
to thom; tho saving of flrBt offondorB
from falling Into habitual law-broak*
Iiirj t|ie Having to socloty nnd to ubo*
fulnoBB tho boys nnd girls who might
othorwlBo bo warpoil and twlfltoil by
tho abnormal conditions of prison and
Institutional lifo, thono aro n fow of
tho advantages of probation proporly
administered nnd carried out.
LAWE A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
Manufacturers tf ani Deal-
•_•_-_* -v   "*■ '„    - _. --■, ,       ,
©pa in all kinds of lough
;, and Dressed Lumber   ._
.'    *7-
H. L. BI8SONNETTE
Veterinary Surgoen
fiOXAl
SOIIL
Calls promptly ^made, day or night
and satisfaction assured
Office. Fernie-tLlvery. [fernie.- B.C.
P. O. Bex. 112*3
Phone 882
R. W. McDONALD:
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR,
FKRH1E
-j,
,325, Fifth  Avenue, W;
.   CALGARY, ALTA.
».*************************
ROMA HOTEL
Dining Room and Beds under
""NewManagementr'-T- ?
f*i
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
First class table .board
i _    - -  - j -,, - • ,^_
J Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.08 *
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per day --.
R. Henderson, Dining. Room Mgr
SAaA-Vft-itfr*** kk 'kkkkkAkktikkkk
Efepything
Up-to-date
Call in and
see iis once
^-0HN=POD3IELANCIKrPropr
Loans
On first elasi
business and residential,, property.'
, DROP IN AND TALK THE
MATTER OVER WITH US
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree '& Moffatt   .
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading'Commercial
and TourtHfc House *
S. F. WALLACE; Prop.
| Fernie Dairy
!
FRESH MILK
dolivercd to all
parts of tho town
Sanden A Verhaeit Brother*..
Proprletora
__   they won't take the tlm* to
fire it proper treatmtnu. If you want
btblr tho mont paternal government |n 1 ^_rJ/Wi*_»«_.»«.J_°A•«JH _?
lhe world, a Uborftl provemmont by I t;T-T,~-{rifm-n^,-^,r--» >>m>, t^rft„rl,
tho way.    (Now Zonland lias not nnd • ft" la'tfce mornlii»~j.l»e it a dab on
)hp  outw   ■"**■*?«' *wl*l*h .«   tou"*****n--t.T.--.*vt.
A Coed Idea In Hair
Treatment    *
the trouble with moat women, halt
It that f       * " "■-  ""- *-
J, It pi
■a^fuYltrrybu muwuke care otli.
feu eannot expeot to have iplendld
,Tr T* .,r\, flmn|« y-;m  «  *"i»li tn
FERNIE UNI0N_D1REGT0RY
Llxard Local -General Tenmitei-a No.
141, Meets ovory Friday night at
8 p. in. Minora' union hnll. J.
JackBon, Prosldont; E. Marshall),
Recording Socrotary.
****irk'k****i(irk'kit**'k'ki*****'k
.. )•
JQINGER    J:
:\9 E WING ' |:
■ t          )■
MACHINE  CO
WM*     BARTON
Bartenders' Local No. 6141 Meots 2n_
and 4th Sundays,at 2,80 p.m. Secre-
tnry ,1. A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local Ne. 2314 U, M, W. A.
, Moots 2nd and 4th Thursday Minors
Union hnll,    I). Uoch, So*.
trial this hrenks down, undor thoso
conditions, whnt hopo Is thoro of succors In Wcntorn Canndn? Arbitration as oxpreHHod In Industrial terms
Is bound lo fait, or at least bo un*
■mtU.factory, ond for tht* roaion Arbitration does not touch fundamentals.
Tin* tulu.'.i*. ii.iUivu thai It I- wrong
for the mino owners to own the mines
at all, but would Mr. Htoekett arbitrate upon thnr point? Thn wine owners just as firmly believe that they
bftxo a tWit to a fret and Trnllrolle-d
tabor market, with workmen ht-Mfnir
against each other for Jobs but the
■miners would not submit tbat lo arbitration.    We hear specious irfunMints
best
s.thi
r«u wen. a.,
Kit -UilBf ottered to t
Toy
"four Miff DmiisUt ofcMrf-dUl* tea*
8V-
the plaot
uihlr -
•eIer,"lmprovss ,ths ttitufr Inii
Hjri-utSne  literal if, revtulli
"four Mffi oniMlst obssrfu
nrflim%fetarir
biit ttiBf.effirj-l to tske        .
et neurs of eomblnt aa. broihlnr. .
It tones up the riots, brlf htsns thi
eler, improvs_s_ths tsiturt_ap>_ mskn
fs#_Ut'tln
ewi,
e.
For Sal.-and CJuarnnteod by
U. H* SUDDABY
— ,1   I.  ,1    ll..f*.#    «l.      Rf-ff*        "Wr*****
* i Vlrf _.'' **i*-k***,,***k  ■,*««»*■v■*■»,,   *"i«» '*■**'■'       _*--*   *
last Saturday In oach month at tho
Ledjjer Offlco. A, J, Buckley, Sec-
rotary.
»
>'
>■
i*
*■ >■
North !
>
^¥¥*¥#*#¥¥¥-¥*^'¥¥V^¥¥*¥*¥' ■
Aartttrtt   Wetrnieix   Brmnoh
FcllAtt    A-VCi
Local Pemle No, 17 8. P. of C. MooU
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.46 p.m. Kverybody welcome. U.
Paton, Socretary-Treasurer.
Om for —ch »v_ryiay «Q_Mal
Amalgamatad Seelsty Csrpsnters and
Jolners:—Meetl-a Minors Hall etvory
alternate Thursday at t o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
C0NCRETEBL0CK
COTTAGES
Chimney  Blocks
4 In.iSEWER PIPES
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Prices
W.       U.    D IC KEN.
Hew About that. Drain?
United Brethet-hoed of Carpenters and
Jolnm.--T.ocal 1220. D. J. Evans,
President; P. H. Shaw. 8ecreUry.
Dr. de Van's Female Plllf
Thtna
■^uaial^vi^;^^^H
Per Sale at Bleasdell's Drug Storo, •7,
,'0*
Jl   _.,
THK DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, TB. C.-...&PBIL 8, 1911.
-j-....'-<*,
• '. &$
,>,•"'-t -
%,t p. ..
PAGE  SEVEN
Th&W&
; %Our Foreign Ifrotnirs
^ ;:-"
♦♦»»»♦♦♦■«
♦ ," ;*"'■■■*-'**'>..-.7 "*"-'-*.'-"   -;
♦..        7UPOZORNENIA
_ , - ' _
,♦ •  -TV statnom? sudobnonr dome,
♦,• (vdblvanom ,\v-Fbndelek dna
♦7l6hi Januara"-, 1911, _ Pompei
'♦   Clieilli'. bol. dosnanl o krades-
'♦".mirier "v Coal Creek *a ■ b&§\^
.♦-"'deni na 3 mesace'zalaru tyldyy
♦\.prace.     ','   •* ,  *'■"■■   .*■ 0
7,' ..,'_.      AVVISO
;„Nella'corte'provinplale   dl.
'Fernie Gennalo'ie,'** 1911, fu
arrestato Poiripel Cheilli, per
il latroniggio, del   carrl- del'
' minatori, a No". 5 to No. 1 "
Nordo. mina, Coal Creek. II ,
quale fu : condannato a tre *
mesi'di lavoro forsato.' ■ -   ,
WARNING
In the Provincial Court held
..at Fernie on Moriday, Jan. 16,-
1911; Pompei Cheilll' was' convicted of tho theft of minors',,
cars.at No.'5 and>No. 1 north
* mines, Coal, Creek, and sentenced to "three months'-iniprl-
. sonment with.hard labor.
.'Crow's   Nest .Pass   Coal   Co.
LA   FEDERATION ' CIVIQUE
T
classe padronale non yeranno In'cod-
este'.coridrade aflitte -'dalla ^presente
situaziorie auschlaclare'-'la .causa _> dei
loro fratelli o che. con -' plena; ragglone
chledono, vm'po piu di'umanlta: \-: •
II resoconto , della . situazlone „attu-
-  .      *   . _-   ,* -    * *       ■
ale verra fedelmente  -rlassunto   dal
giornale il "District" Ledger,'.1, organo
dei lavoratori ed .l.medesslmia tal'
uopo potranno usufrulrne.   7   ,, ■
Tutte * le mine che' hanno "un concordato con H'* distretto No:' 18, tro-
vorisi inoperose accettuato il-campodi
Corbin la cual data' del suo> concordato
scade l'8 Maggio. Costi _vvi sufficient^ lavoratori per suppllreTe rlchleste
della compagnia ed e di'avviso che
non-a'proporzlonl dl Impiegare ulter-
iorl lavorantl.' '■*''.
- De kool mijners'staking in'het ge-
deelte van Canada behoorend-. tot *'af-
deellng 18 Vereenlgde mljriwerkers van*
Amerlke. " ' ...
Kennisgeving van het bestuur.
■ Elken verandering in, den toestand
zal onze ledenbekend worden geniaakt
door vmiddel van the pistrict eLdger.
17
i ■
i *    .
r
7-Malgr<5 tout l'argent depens-. par les
plutocrates ..pour acheter les leaders
du.mouvement ouvlrer et faire croire
a la,classe,ouvriere que. la-F .deration
■Civique est - une organisation ~merito-
ire, ■ les ouvriers commejicent a voir
clair et a proclamer ha'utement'quo
, cette. Federation -est" "maintenue par
des eririemis de rorganlsation ouvriere,
et que les leaders qui Valllent dans
cette. F<5d6ratto'u avec une bande d'-
explolteurs de,la\plre espece sont tout
simplement des vendus.   _, ' :,"  *    '
. Des debats receuts dans une r.union
de l'Unlon Centrale' de Philadelphia a
Tissue desquels" une resolution conda-
mnant  la  F.d6ratlon  Civique   recut
' 50 voix contre 66, nous prouve que les"
deiegugs horinetes •< qui ne - sont pas
lies aux politlclens, sont opposes a
cette Federation. 7 ,.,        •*" -
William"   J.' 'Tracy,*   president des
Unions'alli.es;du Bailment, lui-meme
, une' membre de* la Fed«5ratlon* Civique
-attaqua vlolemment la resolution et les
socialistes qu'il   accu.a' du   terrible
be tegenwoordige stand .van zaken.
-o '*   •    •*; '....*   . ■ '•','.   ,-'■'
■ ,       i
,: Bijna.- alle plaatsen behoorende tot
afdeeling 18 zijn door het bestuur be-
zocht. .- En van al deze plaatsen komt
berlcht dat de mannen zijn standvast-
tig in hun houding, en steunen de.door
het bestuur in de bljeenkbmst-in Cal-*
gary gestelde eischen. ' Welke gest-
teld zijn om de levens voorwaarderi
hiinner leden ,te verbeteren. Onze
lezers worden * geen geloof. be slaan
aan' de verschlllende berichfen welke
In omloop zijn In de pero. "
* .. i   -
FIGHTING  TYPHOID   FEVER
^crlineTde' rie pouvolr > concevolr une
,-alliance possible entre le loup et 1'agri-.
. _au. ( II s'ecriad'un'ton traglque qu'il
•etait membre de la Federation Civique
iet qu'il ne demlsslonneralt'pas sur la
r"~demaride  de riulle Union.      II  faut
•croire que le'potage lul convient. Wm.
..J, Boyle, Frank Feeney, M.-;J.\McDer
:mott, Leonard Kraft, Charles Hope,
"WmrYoung.'tous membres de la Federation Civique et tous des politlclens
republlcains prlrent la defense de leurs
traltres et InBulterent de leur mieux
les pauvres socialistes qui sont _ob
vilains troubles fetes et refusent, de
coinprendre que-quand'Iob mllllonn-
flires et les chefs d'unions ont ban-
quote ensemble la classe ouvriere n'a
plus falm. ",   ■
Mats mnlgro.tout a Phlladolphle commo allleurs, les socialistes vont mon-
trer I'ocuvro nofuBto de la Federation
** Clvlquo et le jour n'est plus loin ou
touteB les, unions ouvrlores sulvront
, 1'oxample des mlnours et donneront a
lours raembrea a choisir entre le camp
ides oxploltes et celui des explolteurs.
LA    STAMPA   GIALLA
L'oggotto prlnclpnle, del giornallstl
■o dl rlemptro tanto pngglnl del loro
giornali senza dl punto curarsl dl certe
•conslderazionl dannoBO al pubbllco.
Nol rlchlamiamo l'attcnzlone del'
nontrl fratolll dl non prondero ln con-
sldoriuzlono cortl rapportl plu o meno
fantastlcl-como la" poslblllta dl una
vonula dl crumiri, o cho qualche ro*
par to dl* truppa stla moblllzandosl por
'GHBoro iu vlnto nl pnsso di Crow's Nest,
In riguardo al crumiri cho gll operatori lungl ancora forsl dal pousarlo
I»r nddlvlnoro a tall mlmiro.
Ma qunlora cho uomini fossoro por-
tntl nd ossoro Implegatl In quoHto min-
loro non potranno csscro comiiotontl a
rlspondoro n I'oBnmo dl compotonza
rlchlosto dallo stnto dolla - Colombia
Urltannlca o anche dnlin Alborta, od
o nostra convlnxlono cho uomini cho
conoBcono la trlst.™ dot giornl pro-
scntl la ondo not siamo sottopostl dalla
By Carl D. Thompson
The Health Department bf the city
of Milwaukee has been' receiving inquiries froni different cities' relative
to the method used .in fighting a typhoid .ever .epidemic. ■
* As has been reported In^the press,
there was something of an epidemic
in'the city'last'spring. "At that time
iMvas .hought-thafr-hc.epidemicpwas
due largely to the. pollution of the water' supply. - There are so many other
possible sources of contamination,
however,.* that it is not to be assumed
that this is always the case.* The
bacilli of typhoid may come either
from the water of from milk, fronuve-'
getables, and even from other sources,
so that a city that Is suffering from
an epidemic of typhoid,needs.to have
all of these matters carefully Investigated. • . -
In reply to Inquiries, Dr. Kraft has
made the following suggestions: *
1. In Milwaukee last .spring we resorted to clilorlnatlon. This was accomplished by adding from nlno to
ten pounds of hypochlorlde of lime to
1,000,000 gallons  of water.'
2; * Tho only possiblo method of killing tbe typhoid, germ Ib to boil tho
water. It need not bo boiled for
longer than one minute. Thero then
may bo added ono half teaspoon of com
mon salt to tho gallon of water' to relieve >lt* of ,the "flat" tasto.
3. Ourlng a typhoid epidemic, Dr,
Kraft thinks that all milk should be
boiled, and all vegetable diet must be
well prepared ln ordor tb avoid Intestinal disturbances. And he adds thnt
It Is of groat Importance in cases of
this kind that food should be thoroughly, masticated.
4. A very fino romodlal combination, Dr, Kraft -says, did good work
during tho,.typhoid fever opldomlo In
St, LouIb, where It was used by many
physicians, Ib tho following mixture:
Powdorod Sulphur ; 2 grains
Powdered Charcoal  10 grains
Sugar of Milk 10 grains
Woll mixed and takon with a littlo
wator twice a day, about six to ten
hours-ttpbrt,
To glvo out Informal Ion of this kind
for publication is a part of tho policy
or tho prosont Hortltli Department ad*
mlnlRtratlon which Ib to odiiciito tho
pooplo as widely as posslblo on all
mnttors pertaining to public honlth
and sanitation.
i
MIDDLE-CLASS-..FARMER8
^   ARE PETERING OUT
,.  .      * *     -, .^ ■    **   -      <      - -   * - *
By'Rolla-Myer" -'•      .
" In 1880 less thanf.eight;per cent cf
the whole number of-farms were under
twenty acres i_'si_e;",by"_890-t_ie' proportion of such"' farms'' had increased
to over nine per. cent; and by 1900 it
had^further increased to twelve per
cent (Ceusus Table No.' 1'02.-), ,
From, 1890 to_'1900j';tlio>Increase in
number of farm-families owing homes
free from,mortgage'."-was **only .167
thousand, which' was exceeded by the
increase in number lot,'farm families
dwelling-on mortgaged farms by over
twenty-four,'per cent.>l"(Census .Table
No.;* 31),. and 'by those "dwelling, on
rented farms'by over'one hundred, and
twenty,.per.eentv ' That is 411,000
more families moved in hired or rented
farm houses than moved onto farms
free *Crom mortgages.--.', - v* ,
But the total increase In- number of
farms (mortgaged and all) that were
operated by owners was, only 442,000.
' If, then, our statistic loving Don
Quixote will , apply his calculus to
these dataj he may dlscover's'omethirig
really significant.        ' •
These corroborative statistics are
no disjointed fragments culled from
among a mass of contrary evidence to
bolster \ *• straw' theory,* but are" all
closely connected in significance and
bound;up with one another in rigid
mathematical relations, like, the arcs,
segpient's, sectors and radii of a circle.
They co_operate, to prove that riot
a paltry five per cent but that an even
one hundred* per cent of industrial statistics, when faithfully recorded arid accurately interpreted, prove,the'substantial ^validity .of Socialist' economic doctrines. y>' '     •■      .
Truckers,' "mortgagors, renters .and
hired'hands!    '-,    ,,.' *    ,,''-,'
Upon these out-classed 'classes Is
devolving more' and more the "agricultural work ot; the nation.
Talk about '.'ninety-five" per cent of
the. government- statistics tending to
disprove Socialist "theories." Why,
man, it*is just these and similar government and other statistics that the
Socialist or scientific economics" Is
based "on. . ' ( 7" .* -
' - True, the compilers of these statistics did not, necessarily anticipate
the ■ economic laws that * such . data
would rigidly establlsh'^any more than
the early Arab and Egyptlari and Chaldean' astronomical observers necessarily anticipated Kepler's and "Newton's * and " Kirkwood's astronomical
laws. .',-    ,     * ,7
The discovery and formulation of
our mathematically-demonstrated sociological laws remained for the modern Socialist statisticians, who arethe
One Way to  Help, Along the
•; V  ,   Christmas List. -,• y
S«JME  ATTRACTIVE  EFFECTS.
77"      '*"*   y.J-'i\    •'. r 7-"*". '"**""
Materials For Making These  Hatpins'
' Are  Cheap  and  Artistic—Malachite,*
Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise Matrix Used.
Some Other Suggestions. .
The probleiri of something * new for
Christinas presents is. solved in'the
sealing wax* hatpins. Only a few articles are -necessary for the making.
First, ,one of .the, cheapest hatpins.--.a
wax taper, or, better yet, an<alcohol,
lamp, a few, sticks of sealing wsix (the
tiuest Is perfumed) aud a glass of cold
water. A common wax may be used
for tbe. flrst'coating if one minds tbe
cost -One holds the cud of the stick
of wux ovor the flame until the wax Is
soft enough 'to drop, when it is dotted,
on th. hatpin head. When the pin
head is fairly covored It is held over
the flame, revolving,so that the wax
will not drop and the hatpin head will
retain Its shape. *• One should be careful that It does uot take fire or blacken. In order to obtain any odd shape
the plu head may be while warm rolled
betweeii tho fingers iu the palm 'of Dw
hand over a marblp-top table or ou
any smooth surface.
.When the desired size and shape,
have beeu-fashioned oue cools lt tbpr-'
oughly by "put I Ing ,ln cold wat-^r. Then
it is carefully il, led. *   *       7*
In tbe finishing, process one selects
one, two or three colors of the possi-
KepiersT'and^lrkwoods of social science.
,   MAKING SE-VLINU WAX HATPINS.   • „.
ble-seven.y-uvo and puis a few,dot.T
of,one of-i-'a.-b color ou the pin9head
Then it Is heated, revolving cuulluu.il'
ly.'-'B.v'mretul manipulation Ihe w.i.
'•.
List of Locals District 18
tV
1>
ti'
iNO,     NAME SEC. AND P. O. ADDRESS,
20 Bankhoad P, Whcntloy, Dankhond Altn.
481 Doaver Cresk ,, P. Goughton, Beaver Creek, via 1'lnchor.
431 Ilollovuo ....... J. Burke, Bellevuo, Frnnk, Altn.
2163   Blairmore Jnmos Turnbu 11, Blnirmoro, Alborta.
940 Burmis  William Aihton, Ilurmls, Altn.
1378 Canmoro ....... J. Nell, Cnnmoro, Alta,
._.._., ^u.,bi4U    .......     1*.   <\>.ti._4_._k,   1,M>.V,UM_...I   _-.llA,
,2227 Carbondalo  O. M. Davlei. Carbondalo, Coloman, Alta.
2378 Cardiff   U Hucklna, Cardiff, Alta.
,2877 Corbin ......... R. Jonea, Corbin, 11, C.
2178 Diamond City ., Charles Orban, Diamond City,   Letbrldge.
2314 Pernio  D. fiott, Pernio, i% C.
12*13 Prank  O. Nicol, Prank, AUa.
.2497 Hosmer ........ 3. Ayio, Hotmer, n. C.
105* HHlcreit  J  I.. Jones, Hlllereit, Alta,
674 Lethbrldio ..... U    Mooro,    P.O.    fiox    113, Uthbridge.
12KI UU«  , W. L, Evans. Mile, Prank. All*.
■2320 Maple Leaf .... R Sherman, Maple Leaf, llellevu*.   Alta.
2331 Michel   M. nurrolL Mlchol, B. C.
)3£3 pjuHburf  J«». DavU, PuMbur*. Alberta,
:iW Itont Coin-jrtci. Jaiuca McKtalair, Uoyul CuUkiy, UtUbiWaa, AUa.
102 Tabtr  William Russell, Tabar, Alta.
'.tM8   Tabor   , 12. Prown, Taber, Alia.
14 Monartb Mint, .   .1. W. Watklns, Elcan, Altu.
A "HORSE" ON THE
"•*,' OTHER  FELLOW
: H-n-n-e-e! H-n-n-e-e!     We are free!
No more collars to gall our necks!
No  more  tall  chains  to  batle*-  our
hocks and heels!     No more* overloaded cars to make us stumble and bruise
our kneecaps!     No more cold bits to
chill,our tongues!     No more jerknlg
our swollen-'jaws!     No pick-handled
persuaders    to    smash our ribs and
heads! .  No moro roofs to .crape our.
spinal columns and raise .big holes in
our hides or welts on our bodies!   No
working double shifts to be lambasted
unmercifully whon tired naturo asserts
Itself and tho boss driver yells at our
twologged club wlolder   because   the
coal Is not Bomlng out fast enough!
Shoes to bo taken off and onco again
wo can revel in' pnstures green and
think of tho glorlouB days of youth.
Lot us ask our' four-footed brethren
throughout District 18  to  stand  together Hko horses and call their their
attention to thoso famous words of
General Sherman, "We will fight along
theso lines if It takes all summer,"
nnd they can rost assured that nono
of us will eay thom nolghl   Courago,
my brothers; romembor that you are
tho, progeny of noblo Biros, and  If
nny degenerate speclmns of our raco
think the tlmo Is Inopportune lot him
bo banished Into mulodom, or worse;
let him sook companionship with tho
splnoless,   suplno   bipedal   products
of tho human family thnt hnvo offrou*
lory to call thomflolvos mon,    Thoro's
but littlo dangor of our bolng flrod
for lack of loyalty to thoso who havo
glvon us oats ns wo nro worth monoy
and will bo fed anyway ovon whon on
our holiday, whilo tho lords of creation
nro compelled to milmlHl on mongro
fnro or froo to got out ntul find a now
mnster,   If (lieso pooplo only had n
littlo  "horkn" Raima thoy might bo
entitled to moro consideration, or rather they would compel It, but oh I dear,
no they do so lovo work thai mnny of
thom clamor for "Tho right to work!"
At a recent mooting hold In our stnblo
tho following resolution wns carried
without a slnglo kick bolng registered
oxcopt on tho part of a wall-oyod colt
who    boenmo so enthusiastic nt the
thought of basking In tho sun nnd on-
lovlm* hlm-nolf no nf vnri-* VIpUoiI off
a board In his stall.
"Whereas,
, "Tho two-loBKod upright walkers
have refused a fow more oats for thoir
labors and tho granary ownors nro determined that thev are n.klnr too
much, and out of thoir philanthropic
heart fool that to grant tho Increase
demanded might rosult In thoir undoing by making tliem proy to fatty degeneration of the heart, or some othor
equally unknown complaint among
workcru auch as so.t, hepatic \U*r.
ate*
"Thinotu,*,, U_ It resolved that this
aggregation of quadrupeds   do   urgo
upon tfcetrj to keep np tbe sfnjft-sP at
!<mt nntll tho winter's chilly Mart
makes tutdoor prmlng nncomfort .M*.
and ly *© doiun they will receive the
ho.nnMt gratltuil. uf iln uuiki**lnutnl
-BK88. MAUD, FANNIE, BU.LY,
B1J8TER
(Stab!* Contain**)
when' Wiimii ..an lie made, to flow;
around Uie piu head and form pretty
stripes "iind otherdesigns ' If lt Is de*
.slti'd' to'.have one i-olor, more prominent* than tlie others It maj; now be
nppliod - and tlie pin put throu*;!] the
pro'eess again, Cool, an before. In eold
water, dry. pass once more over tji.>
(lame to gain the luster, and you will
have a hatpin of your owu design,
your, own make, just the color you
wish, hnd It may be effec-tlve. Inexpensive nnd unlike any other."
Indeed, the color pos-sibllitlos are unlimited, A,knowledge of mineralogy
will enable one to arrive at'stiuinlng
Jewel effect*-!. Two shades of green,
run luto' stripes, may. look .exactly
like Ihe modish malachite. ■ Turquoise
blue.' with traced' of brownish, reddish, grayish gold, will give the,of*
fp/*t of lovely tuniiiolRO matrix. The
•uirest way to copy lapis lazuli or oilier, stones la to liave It before you
,u*Ih'ii innldng the* hatpin. All sorts
of gems en cabin-lion may be suggest*
ed, and any number of original
srlieines may be workod out with
aplf-mlld effect. IlntpliiR exactly har*
moiil/.liig with different lints may be
evolved
HOW MANY HAIRS Y00 HAVE. .
About 120,000 of Tbeni Are i^pp«rti«n-
ed to Each Person on an Average.
Hairs are composed, of- swrf-skin,
and are covered with thin," flat; over-,
lapping i scales—which ia'the reason
why" "an eyelash or other hair in the
eye irritates it so much: -Nobody, has
ever attempted to reckon the number
of hairs that cover the human body,,
but those of • the head have ...been
,counted, and it is known that 120,000
of them,,make about an average" allow-'
ance.'  ' ■' *    ".,
Each hair is a tube, with a bulbous
enlargement at the* lower end, and
grows out of a vase-shaped "follicle"
with a narrow nqek. At the bottom
of,the;vase is the true root, which is
clasped by the'bulb aforesaid. When
the hair is forcibly pulled out the
bulb-comes along with the stalk, but
the root remains behind to produce
■another hair.
This Is why, in the case of superfluous hairs,.it does no good whatever
lo pull them out. > The roots remain
behind undisturbed, arid presently
there is a new crop. The only known
cure^ for the mischief is' to insert an
electrified needle into each of the
little vases, or "follicles," and burn
the roots' to death. It is a process almost painless, but expensive, -becnuse
slow,' and demanding no littlo skill on ;
the part of the operator.
From the above explanation it will
be understood also why. a woman's
hair mav come out, plentifully with
the .comb, nnd yet she may not be-'
"come'bald. Tn such a case, it'simply
means that the hairs which drop out
have lost their vitality, and their removal gives an opportunity for new
ones to i>row. But if the roots themselves die, baldness is the inevitable
and incurable result.
Some women's hair is naturally curly or wavy, • to the envy of their
friends of the same sex; others h'ave
straight hair, which can only be made
to wave or curl by artificial means.
The difference between the two is easily explained. 'Straight hairs are*cylindrical in-form; curly hairs are oval
in section. A negro's hairs-kink because they are flat - in places.' The
heat,of the curling tongs when ap-;
plied to straight hairs causes' each
one of them to contract, on one side
and-to eurl in that direction—whence
the beautifying effect obtained, which
ia necessarily temporary.
The hairs on a woman's head grow
at the rate of one-fiftieth- of an inch
a day, or, seven inches a year. This
..represents < an average, considerable
variation being found - in individuals.'"
Tt is* .said that blond hairs have a"
higher tensile strength than brunette,
and that 120,000, of them plainted into a rope will* support a weight of
eighty tons. ' >,
o Needed the Prayer*. .
-"The late Lord Sackville became
persona non grata to the Government
while he" was Ambassador, to , Washington through expressing an opinion
of the political situation. • ■
"It" .was through a mean trick that
• Lord Sackville was led into this expression of. opinion," said a London,
journalist 'the'other day.    "Once, in
-describing—the_,trick__i—meJ_he__«_____
pared   himself  to   a'country   clergy-
mnn.    ** '     '.  " lv
"This.clergyman, he explained, was
waited on one Sunday morning by a
young man. .
'"Will you kindly ask /the congregation's prayers this morning," said'
the' young, man, 'lor poor William
Smith?'    '* ■*   , •   -
V 'Willingly,', said the clergyman..
"And at the proper moment in the
service he besought all those present
to pray earnestly for the unfortunate
Willinm Smith in Uic great trouble
and peril that encompassed him.
"The request, ho was pleased to
note, made a deep impression on the
congregation.
"After ,lho service, meeting the
young man who hnd nsked for inter-
 !-_   !_    __..._(.,'_,   VuiVmlf     Min   _».lp.r__v-
NEW.CHAFING. DISH.
That  Will>Delight  ttie". Heart of the
*    V' -    Collegs GtH.. ,  , "
Mission furniture because of Its rich,
dark color aud simple lines Is readily adaptable to surroundings In which,
were other furniture to be selected, a;
most careful choice, involving possibly
great expense, would have, to be exeN
clsed.     - ' .
.' In addition to the ease,with which It
may be harmonized with Interior decorations, .mission furniture' possesses
the added -attractiveness of Inexpen-
slveness. Many articles iu mission
style may be purchased for oue-third
the.cost in mahogany. Besides this,
they are more ln keeping'with the less
pretentious decorations and far more
durable than the costlier furniture,
with its high polish and fragile parts.
While the" mission style of furniture
takes its origin from an era of years
METHODS OF CLEANING.
Un-
I
Making. Windows, Mirrors and
. sightly Floors took W«ll.
To clean windows and mirrors tie up,
some finely p_*yvdered whiting' lh a':
small piece of mtislin and dab It over
the glass thoroughly. Tbe dirtier tbe
glass is the more whiting it -will take
up. Now smear it smoothly with a
damp rag and when perfectly dry rub
it off with a lather. If alcohol is used
instead of water the whiting ,wlll dry
in mueh less time and the glass re-"
ceive a higher polish. The corners of
the paues'should receive particular attention. They are often left-dirtj,
spoiling the whole appearance of the
window.     . "•      '      **
,  if   an   old   floor   shows   unsightly,
cracks the* following treatment  wllls
render lt more sightly:.Make a thin *-
solution of glue and add to every four
quarts a1* tablespoonful of alum.  Steep
In the solution  newspapers torn Into'
shreds.'' Press  this mixture Into the
cracks,whilo still warm, and it will _«
found    that   this   homemade'- papier
mache will eventually become as hard
as wood. The floor may now be painted or stained If tbe boards are unspotted. In case a dark stain or paint is to
be used add a littlo coloring matter to
tiie glue.
A great.many housekeepers are troubled with the loss of polish from tbelr
piahogany furniture. * particularly the
plnno. over which a thick greasy substance seems to settle. The, best way
to remedy this Is to wash' quickly, a
small piece at a time, with lukewarm
water In which a little pure white
soap has been dissolved. Klnsc ^vitb
clear water,of the same temperature^
dry,, with a soft flanpel and polish with
the grain of the wood by using,a soft
piece' of chamois skin.   Only in excep-
MISSION CHAFIWG D1SU. ,
ago In Spanish history, It need not be
inferred that the modern conveniences
are, lacking.   Here is where the twen-    ti0,inlly bn(1 cnscs j3 it necessary* to
tieth   century  designer  of   fiirnlture,    apply a furniture pollsh.'a'nd then cars
ever on ihe alert for the Innovations
which- make* life less burdensome by
conducing to comfort and convenience,
lias taken a part In the creation of the
up to date furnishings for the home.
A "wist here and a turn'.here. and.
presto,' wo have the latest furniture
adaptable to all needs combined with
ihe artistic. ,   - ■',   .    ,
There is. too, a demand \ for plain,
unadorned articles of household use.
The mission chafing dish here pictured is an especially good model. Made
of tbe finest',, nickel or., silver, with
ebony handles nud base, absolutely
plain and easy to keep clean to tbe
sparkling* point. It Is admired by all
good housekeepers.    ^ ,
The college girl will appreciate this
bit', of plain silver, for nearly every
college girl owns a chafing dish, and
not one of them enjoys .cleaning an
ornate piece of silver where they nre
obliged to rub and rub and scrub wltb
old toothbrushes In order to get Into
the crevices of the, design.    < ■
One girl's cry Is rqhoed by nil, "Give
me a plain piece of sliver that 1 can
•polish with n cl)a_mo____a_niLn_Qtlget-ro_Y_
hands all ..messed up with* silver polish.'
Miss Rooievtlt'o Work.
It Is not to be denied tbnt Dutch
decorations nro very attractive In dining room, library nnd den, so that tho
craze for Dutch potteries nnd painted
wood Ih readily understood, Dutch
smoking sets, bond painted nnd hand
carved, nro among tho pretty trifles
which will bo freely bestowed In tlio
Christmas roiiboii, , MIhb Ethel Ilooso-
volt, 'whoso accomplishments have
liomi so generally discussed, likes
putidi Beetles, and she cnn devise -ux-
"iH-dlngly quaint ornaments by tliolr
liar. Hho Is linudy wit If water colors,
mid some of tlie' skotclioR which she
mnde In the sum inor nro intended for'
Chrlitmns gifts, Slip added a hundredfold to lliolr iiilrncllvem'HH In tho
/raining. A murine view is frninwl In
hrontl l-'UmilNli onk. nnd in, tho corners nro etched little Dutch (lgtireri In
blues, greoiiH mid i-oiIh. hoiiio bnlittic*
ing water pnllM mi poles, noiiiu driving duffn and huiiic lolling nnd smok-
In,*? grc-nt, loiig't-'tetntnc-d pipes, A favorite design fur n smoking set wltb
iho proNldeiit'N ilii tighter IS n group of
^entnuil iicimnnlH In gala nttlro on
tho box nnd circling tho wooden bowl
of the pipe. Sho has mado tbreo or
four for rolntlres, and ono ndorns tho
president's library.   •
cession in Smith's behalf, the clergyman said:
" fWhut is the., matter with your
friend? Do you think it would do
nnv good if T woro to call on himr     .
"T'm afraid not,' wns thc sorrowful
" 'Is it so bad as that?" snid the
clergyman.       'What  is the trouble)
t _"__■_v_ 9' i ' i
" 'Bill.' said the other, 'is .oing ta
bo married."
China** Oldest Socloty.
Tho oldest society in China is Uk}
Triad society, known nlso as Uie
"Sam Hop Hul." It has ite lodges,
and thoro are flat. , banners and umbrellas oonnoct-wl with it. It holds
regular mootlnt. , and it forces ln-
flucntinUnHivldunls to Join Its orgftn-
lintion if Uioy wre nol amenable to
persuasion/ ft has tlw power of Hh
nnd death mot its mombors, who
have their own sign* and password.
You oan toll, If'Is.snW, whether •
mnn belongB to the order hy tlw way
lie enters a house. Tlieir molto Is,
"Drivf. oirt the Tartars," and one
branch of the society dates bsok ii
106*1 A. I),, or twenty yearn after tM
conqucflt*
Do Hedgehogs Milk Cows,
Tho I_ndon Honrd nf Aurrirnltuw
has Just Hctled nn old delusion nlwiil
lii-dgahogH inilkitii* cows. In a elr*
otilnr tho Iwnnl informs fnr-mem thnl
Uio notion in unfounded in fact, Tin
dentition of tho hodgeho**** innrku It ai
liiHPollvoroiiR, (ceding wi Insocts nnd
Rmnll innmniiilH, ineludimr sueh hnrm.
ful formu ns inlc, Thoy CAtinot,
however, he described a*. Imrmless. st
llioy lmvo* heen proved to tnke ths
out* ot poultry and pnmn birds, sueh
pn partridges nnd phoiwan-U, whil*
chickens nnd hens In coops nre killed
nnd worried.
Quaint Dutch Cakes.1;
.. The children of Holland as well as
their elders consume great quantities
of what they call St. Nicholas calte.
, .The French people do the greater
part of their fein-uing and gift making
at New Year's, but at Christmas,
which ls more essentially a day for
children, thoy servo n delicious honey
cake mnde after this fashion: Three-
quarters of n pound of honey Is heated
with tbe snme quantity of sugar. A
half pound nf sweet almonds and nn
ounce nnd a half of bitter almonds,
both pounded to a paste; four ounces
of candled lemon peel and the grated
find, nn ounce of ench of cloves nnd
cinnamon and one-third of tin ounce
of soda nro added. For flavoring the
favorite rosewator ls added to the
amount of n hnlf, teacupful, Flour ls
kneaded In, nbout a pound and n quarter, Wben the mass In cold roll out,
put cherries over (Iip top nnd bake In
a moderate oven.
_nu.t be taken to get a reliable, furni- - ,
lure dressing; otherwise the delicate'" ■
tlnl«b may be ruined. ,      7
*' From.Iho standpoint of comfort'eorte'     „
carpet Is decid dly the thing for the
bathroom   or   dressing, room.     It   13'
warm to $he feet and is easy to clean.   ,«•
Oilcloth  should  be avoided  ln  bathrooms because it is so cold to walk
upon.   * - -
The supplies in the bathroom aro no
less Important than those of the kitchen.    Besides It's hot water bags, big
and   little. ■ ammonia,  collodion,* lime-    *
'water and gweet oil, n" 1-pefe.en. sola-,
tlou of carbolic* acid, a bof of absorb- .-
ent' cotton   and   a   roll   of  bandage-
should be,,kept at-hand.   With.thetwi
ready for use "an accident, such as a
burn or eut, may easily be treated and'
rpaln spared tbe victim.   The acid solution Is useful in all cases of Injury' *
because of' Its cleansing qualities.,  If „
a  cut   Is   to  be  treated   the   wound'»
should first.be washed In clear water
and then dipped In tbe solution. -After*
this paint it with collodion.: The latter
stops  the  bleeding and serves as a*
-varnish--to—preveut"~the~eutran™—v*"™1*^-
dlrt.       ^ *. ' .   ''
BASKET FOR ^LOTHES.    V
Of Great Assistance to 'Women *Wh»
Are Their Own Laundresses. .
An excellent device that would be ot
.great assistance .to the housewife la
the combined clothes and clothespin
receptacle shown In the Illustration.
Ordinarily the wet clothes are carried
from the wanhtub to the yard in an
Qaitle Mothor Quaen.
Queen Victoria of Spain Is snld to
Vtfi  _rM      I,.'*-. I.,-.       .,        ',■■_*■"       I-*"*'"*''' * ' ,-m_
** *■•■ i t*.    +.*.<.,**    »«     •« v *#      ***»_ £»».»» j     y * eu i i„;w>f
who hss di-volopod Int.i n vory pontlo
wlfo and queen, such Is tho effect of
ber interest In her children, which ao
doubt makes her Itt] kindly toward
tho world In gonornl,
iyA
n
i
'-
l'^****
\ _J_i
If
I-I!
<*>
ii ft V-ii.il> tl'n"*, xitmre, xiul urate muftly
In the holder draw oat oh « two
threads from ono side.
HMWBB WAGE*'ON HlO GRANDE
DKKVER, Colo., March 3l.-As a
result of a settlement ?S0 Denver and
Rio Orando railroad won wilt receive
an incroaso ot nine por c*nt In wages
better working rules tad * -rontrsrt
Tor a y.ar. This Mitlemtnt wss made
wilt, the efforts of United Stnlrs U-
bor Commlsiloner Cfcarli-t P. N*«H|.
Transfusion of Blood.
The onrlie . onsn of the trnnsfmHoti
of blood front tlio veins of ons porson
to thono ol another on record so fnr
a* wo know is1 that of Pope Innocont
Vlll., wiw tn nam io nnve been suo-
n-r.r.tnlly r7.or1_l.od rn. in April. MM..
Tn 1(W7' tho opomtlon wns performed
both in Franc** wid Kngland ippsr-
•fntly with txiti*-/*, \M it usio fell
into oblivion till 1.84, whon Df, Blun-
doll in his "Hose,arches" proved the
fofnlbHitv nf the nmoosn Wnn> thnt
timo it hen b"on rrturdod a* * WJt.
mate oporation.
Sewing Machine Hint,
If your iiiuohlii-** noodle lieooinos
sticky, why uot try rubbing the material to be sewed wltli a piece of
Intmdry soap? It hits the samo effect
ns nn ornery, or, If there Is danger of
lujurlug tbe material to treat it ln this
wny try Bitching on n piece of wnste
cloth well Ronp-ed,
, If the mntorlnl gathers when put In
tlio machine, plnco n piece of brown
paper under It. This prevents the noodle from catching In tho flue tlirends
of the mntorlnl. After tlio sowing Is
finished tho pnpor In onsily pulled nwny
nnd lenves no tnioo. This Is vory good
whon sowing -ni voile nr chiffon or
nny such light innn-rliil.
TRIFLES WORTH KNOWING.
Leftover coii'iils in**, not bo wnst-
rd. Thoy nro i-xiclloiit fried llko mush
nnd eaten with nlnip or limtoy,
Clonr noun or iniiwiiiiiiic Hlnnild bo
Klrnlm-d tlil'tMiKli 11 folded towel laid
011 n (-oliinilcr. It must nut Ito minces-
od, or hoiiio of Un- kiiiiiII piirtlr-los of
(•ru uwed Iii i-li-Mi'Iiig will be form,
llirough nnd n\m\\ lho soup,
Ainnioiiln Hhould not ho uhc<1 In tho
evening ^r nenr n tiro, nor should the
bottio bo nllnwod in romnin inx-nrkod
tt Is Inflnmiunbli'. and Its f 11 men nro
not specially healthful
If frcjili tlsli l:< in bu kept overnight
It should be hii lud nnd laid on an
oiirttiou i1I.mIi, nut plmcd nn 11 board or
sholf,
Xi.vn.uun un.- imi. v»(ivii littti in tomu 1    Tbo form of tho Invitation roost W
in apt to mnko the fli-h -i.ft   A lu.Md,    ;„.'.'„„«v_ lu iU .*..'i*M«jr.
iioboe 0LOTIIK.1 mo O-OTnwrixs.
ordinary wicker basket for attachment
to tho clothesline. Tho dripping water collects In tho bottom,of tbe basket, soon rotting and destroying It,
Tbo basket shown hero is mnde of gal-
vauiwd wire to prevent rusting. The
mesh bolng wide, the water from Um
wet clothes readily drnlns off. At on*
ond Is a receptacle for tho reception of
clothespins, while sultnblo strops nro
secured to tlio buck by which lt cnu
bo supported nt some convenient point
These strops nru nlso usod to carry
tho receptacle.
MoUrns Csndy,
Tnko hnlf a gallon of West India
molnsscH, one pr-und of ho gar and t
quarter of 11 pound of butter,
Holl for throe hours, nnd Just before the cniuly |h dmit* ndd tbo Juice
of a lemon. Try uomo by cooling It on
n pinto to hco ir It Ih suflklonUy stiff.
Pull iin for Niignr enndy for hnlf an
hour.
A little \lncgnr 011 tho hands will,
tniiko tlio taffy crlnp, It should be *'
light yellow color when pulled.
Rules Par Invitations.
Thoy must be nnnwered as hood a*
rooelvwl.
Arm mont tlmt Ik nt tlio snme time
flaky I« whnt the good cook likes.
When the supply of preserves has
run low n good Jelly can be mndo ln
winter from oranges and applo**.
tinxt-a. ilii. proportions nre n pint id
trailed apple juice to a pint of orange
Juice and a pound of sugnr.
NOTICB
Word Is received from Ik-lh*vut> that
1)10 following nolle* hns boon f-nutoil
up In various places throughout the
camp. "
From April 1st, 1011, all rent due
for houses and buildings owned by
IW. C. C. Ltd. must ho paid In silvanro, 1
and on Ihe day tbat tenant o-mipl-M ■	
house or building rent bccornfn duo on  "~ - *        " '"    '-'-■■-■-- -•
tt_«sAB«dsylaa«c_»a4«r<rye:oftth. Advertise  Yoilf   BUSmCSS
Tout ouvrier mlneur eat
prle dc ne tua ventr a la province d'Alber-ia ou au toassln
du Kootenay (Colombia An-
Olalss) pualqn'if y a plus if*
6000 sans tmplol.
It Ih not ncco-i-wry lo repeat the to-
tiro wording of thn Invitation.
Hmnll  note pspor should ba  .iwd,
with oblong envelopes.
It |i u-'iinll-r tjwit to B*hr*i a twimw*''
for div lining,    It !« n<M_i_Hi7 wJmd|
tho Invltntlnii la for a dtatMC, [
nr rni*iM niijifxir. .,_. *
am Buk
b Um b-ib remedy
known for umbuni,
cw»t rohet, ecienw.
*or» f##f,, jttfngs an*
bll*ter».   A ikln food!
•ill Itnt-iiUtl and Starn.-Utt. ■•■■■fesg****^^
-.14-=.*-" *-.-..-_.^:-;,-_,   •-.:'-':. v*** -■*-.•*-*«.    ".-.,',-.    .*--'.   ■*.'■■_■--.-, v.c*'*--i' -t* **-v7'-.   ** , ",* :./-■" ■ r:";::v**'*v-.-tfS'.,.*.!i.tt?--:
v-7'l7\, vV*;, •'-  --'.    '."■' - -* i   •   •    ■ =-       ■ *.' -','*-'•"   7. v--.--  -*  -•*' ° ''*'   -■ '"')'■'-.-^   \':if, .'■'■",yi.'r.  '-.77
5-53BCS
Bans-
*' ,*•, ll
•  \
PAGE   EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 8,1911.
AROUND TOWN
City "of Calgary tp raise wages of
■day laborers to $3.00. ■..'-"''
. . .^Cuttyhank lines »three for a quarter
-at McLean's Drug Store.-,
. t .' "Jimmy' McMichola leaves this week
-for a three month trip to the*-"ould
-    aba.1"--.    ""'''\   '-\
-_ ■'■'''Special--value ^in steel rods,  $2.50
each at McLean's Drug ptore.
"**■   Of the Ladles', Guild, Christ Church,
' at Mrs.* Pearson's on Wednesday next
at. 3.30.        -        " '       "   ■   <•*
1   ti ■ •
.-.vpave   you   seen   the. Sun-bonnet
Twins?     No!   * Well, they certainly
'-.   do,want some,finding.,' -
FISHERMEN, ATTENTION! . McLean's Drug Storo for everything in
the fishing line.   ,' ^
Bert White,' the well-known hockey-
lst and business man of Coleman; was
a recent visitor to town.
,  -,   Mra. Grady, accompanied   by, her
. daughters Valeria and Julia, have gone
to tho hot springs at Banff, Alta.
Rev. I W Williamson, of Vancouver,
-will occupy the pulpit of the Baptist
Church next Sunday (to-morrow) both
morning and evening. --   ,
" t *\    -i
We understand that there'Is a pest
of gophers around the Porcupine^ so
- Stanley Pearson left Tuesday night for
.the field of operations.
Vancouver has Increased practically
all civic employees 15 per cent even.
Scavengers and street sweepers are
paid $2.80 for 8'hours work.        - *
.  Lieut-Col. McKay, coal Inspector for
the G. N. Ry., and one of the leading
spirits of the N Veteran's Association,
, left for Seattle on Wednesday.        \.
George Holmes -left  on  Tuesday's
westbound to take up his residence in
Creston, where he has decided to enter
' the lists of back-to-the-landersr
* IF IT MEANS 8TRIKEI  Then whip
the stream with   the files   sold   at
McLean's Drug   Stores.     They   are
guaranteed to land the fish every time.
Several candidates were1 introduced
-. to the Odd Fellows goat -Wednesday
*   evening last.     His goatshlp.ls still
smiling and , awaits . your* pleasure!
Next, please! * -
Before placing your . contract , for
Shingling'and Lathing calland see R.
Wright, West Fernie.    Terms moderate; Estimates free and work guaran-
, - teed. " 34-lt.p .
7      The Imperial Bank of'Canada has
declared  a "dividend ,ai. the  rate of
12% per cent per annum for the qu'art-
., er .'ending 30th April, 1911, payable
on the lst of May,next.■- ■,„-• -
DR.    BONNELL    ELECTED    AS    A
MEMBER OF THE B. CM EDI--
„ CAL ' ASOCIATIOKl     ;:-*.
The election for. the "British Columbia Medical Association took place ou
Monday, April 3rd; lii Victoria, when
the following officers ^were, elected:
R. E."McKechnle and A. P. Proctor,
both of Vancouver;,R*?E Walker (New
Westminster); C J, Fagan andO. M.
Jones. (Victoria); W.. H.- Sutherland
(Revelstoke); S.Bonnell (Fernie).
- Examinations are held twice a year
la Victoria, the first Tuesday In May
and the last Tuesday in October. All
medical practitioners from points outside, of B, C. are compelled to appear
before thla board, of examiners, and
satisfy them' regarding their qualifications before'they are eligible to accept professional fees..
QUALIFICATIONS OF A VOTER
Must be a British subject; * six
months residence ln the Province, and
one month.In the district. *  -
*. Some elegant "specimens ot Eastern
milllner-jr confection .have been seen
on the sidewalks, of Fernie this week.
Having regard to the boisterous weather we are experiencing, trust there
will be no accidents.
Local Jobbers are receiving an ample' Eupply of California oranges. The
fruit shows' good condition. While tho
market ls firm' the ret-itl prices aio
reasonable, the average being:, 126'b
40c; 150's 35c.*," _76's «0o.: 20-.'.> 25c.
To'revile the capitalist as an Individual while supporting by'vote and
voice the conditions responsible, for
his existence, is equally as Illogical as
would bo th'o objections of a breeder
of polecats to "tho unpleasant odor
these, animals oxtidd.
Thb Ludies' Aid of Knox 'Church,
Fornio, will hold a salo.of home-rnado
goodB In tho bhs'oinent. of • tho,church
next .Thursday nftornoon, The ladles havo been preparing for lho event
for, somo lime,'nml Intending purchasers will hnvo n large range to c'hooao
from.
SOCIALIST GATHERING
Thoro, will bo an address dollvorod
on Buudny evening nt 8 p.in„'ln the'
basement of tho Minors';Opoi'n"llouko
olv "Tho Issue!* of the Day." ' Yon thai
boli<h'o thnt Soclnllflm Ib "Illogical, unsound and visionary,' Onmo and -lit*-
cuhb the unit tor whoro you will bo nf-
forded every <.otii*t<-ny, Quciitloiis nro
pnrtluiilai-ly accept nblo. A frloudly
Inlorclinnge of Idons Ih'ii stopping mono
to knowlodgo.
COMING ATTRACTION AT
'   THE GRAND THEATRE
ci - >   ,
. That much talked of musical come-
dy, "The Queen of the Moulin Rouge,"
will be the' attraction at the Grand
Theatre; Wednesday, April 26th. , The
production ls under the management
of Samuel E, Rork and comes- here
direct from a year's run In New York,
a six month's run in Chicago, a month's
run in Boston and a two months' run in
Philadelphia. The book Is by Paul
M. Potter, with music byJohn T, Hall,
and lyrics by "Vincent Bryan, a trio
of men who have each won distinction
In their respective lines.. The book
treats of night life In.Paris, exactly
as It exists, which affords an excellent
opportunity for sumptuous stage settings, novel chorus and ballet features
and an amazing array of superb costumes. .
A special train of five cars ls required to carry the company, scenery
and effects, probably the largest musical organization to be seen here this
season. The cast remains almost Intact since the-original production.
The "floats', used In the ball room
* - ii'
scene ln the mlisical    comedy "The
Queen of the Moulin Rouge" are made
from* photographs taken on the occasion of the famous) Quat-arts Ball; the
annual dance given" by the art students ■ of Paris. . .Each -"float" contains ,the prettiest living model of the
studio, and all are seen as they circle
around the Moulin Rouge.
GRAND UNION THEATRE
A pleasing Innovation was Initiated
on Monday night ln,this well-known
place of amusement by,the manage
mc'iit. who'have engaged The Fernie
Orchestra to 'discourse* musical sele*
tions between the presentation of films
which are of the usual high cIbbs order,
LACK OF MONEY
DEGRADES  WOMEN
Marry Men Whom They Don't Love.
Uy Professor Chnrlos ?.uo!)liit
"Moiiiiy. 'ifot the possession of ll,
hu* lis 1p.p1-:, Is responniblo fi-r Hie dc*,
giniliitiori of the mlII]o"s of women
,w!(. niU!.t" marry _.><?n whom they do
ii:-- toe,"   , ,   ",,   .
Ti-p li ok of economic lfu.eiioiir.enco,
ha i coiri-ellod woaion to place this
stigma upon tliolr sex.
Ilut If'.woman was given hor ft-ou*
onilc Independence, II would' rolloye
hor of that stlgmn. It would seem
nlso that It would relieve woman of
her chief moinl defect, lier method of
oli-e.iimcoliition by which Bho kq}h
nround men, whothor It. is during tlio
courting Illusion or by rifling her Iiiib-
band's pockot it or nny other way by
which Hho di-ciunvontfl hlr.i mid gnlns
hor ond,    ,        I
If man cnn ho brought, lo soo the un
dchliiiblllty of tho, po\V.i of man over
woman, n power enjoyed by Clio pohhoh
hIoii of money, wo mny even bring
hlm lo noo tho dogindntlon of tlio
power of monoy over men,
THE GREAT
A Vivid Description by
a Well Known Former
Fernie Citizen" IJ >
..Chief ",'Enfllrieer   Hammond.- ♦
announces that* there .will be   '*•*_
,       , .-. .    ,**    ,. < .-,-.   j . ,
no - power ; on   Friday .»next'' ♦
(Good Friday) and power-con-   ♦,
.turners are.requested to make  .♦
their .arrangements * accord- ■ ♦
1 Ingly
•*♦♦
J * H. Gravett, so .well known
throughout the. district, who left
Fernie on September 9th, 1010,* returned to to**-yn March 24th from his
wanderings as far north as lat,. L0.
long. 121,' west,cf Gretnwlcb''meridian. First class in geography can
find where he'reached In his travels.
He purchased his outfit ln Edmonton on Sept. 21st, and speaks highly
bf the fair and square treatment
shown him by the firm of, Revelllon
Brothers as tbelr prices are just and
they endeavor to consider the requirements of their patrons. His
transportation facilities" consisted of
six head of horses. Travelling via
Athabasca Landing,, thence by. Peace
River' Crossing there Is no difficulty"
in getting accomodation, as stopping
place are conveniently situated along
the route and the prices charged, all
things considered, ,by no means exorbitant. * . \ - '     ,0
Passing through, the Dunvegan district one notes "some splendid arable
land which has already been demonstrated by the,' settlers . established,
and who express themselves as pleased, with'the future 'outlook, but naturally desirous that Improvement In
the transportation be. ■ forthcoming
soon.. .From present indications the
snort of the locomotive will be heard
early in 1914. Arriving outside of
the radius of Dunvegan, a wide expanse indeed of magnificent stock
country'presents Itself to view and
we can say without exaggeration.that
a cattleman's heart1 would be greatly
elated at,the sight as It Is well watered, fairly open, ,wlth an easy gradual slope .upwards-to Smoky, River
summit, and from here one's gaze he-
holds an expansive stretch with Grand
Prairie In,the distance1. ,A vast mesa
land interspersed-with luxuriant poplar presenting" excellent material for
the  artist's brush,; dotted  here and
Jn order'to get yoti to Iry
'■SunklKt1"' Ornntic*. nnr.   "Sun
kist" Jxinion*. nnd thus lenrn their ex
ccllent aUnllty, wc will send you frco
beautiful RngcrK.Orango Spoon horo pic
lll.twl . I Uvvlpi ui ii    iii.ltt.ti,*"  *».<tj/j/t.t»
ortd \fo to envr-r ''■mr*'--***', pr-ir-Vim**, oto.
You will find both "SiinWiit" Oranges nnd
• Lemons nt nearly every dealer''--, packed in in
dividual pap*r mapp-tr'AUKst l)*:-r fine of tb* trnde
mnirks shown below.    If thoy nre not pneked thus,
they aro not tho {"Sunkist" kind, but an inferior fruit,
"Sunkist" Oranges—Choicest Fruit
•-Hiinkl_" Orangei ete CttUtnrr,\tx'ii tr-sc-ripcncl,firm snrl ootid   All «r<_ hand-
dlio.cent fnilt~t!it.  wl-jct inspected picked.   No f'lllcn,* biulsei] or ovcr-rlps
crop of 5.000 ornngo urovc.. No other crnngen     Each "HnnliiKt" In n perfect
orange it so sweet, rich and juicy. They *pc;cimtn, a* dellclou* Kit if plucked fretlt
ure llun-kkiinoed, nucUlcm, nbrele»< from tha tree.
Vtn*i Mt_u*iL-i«fH T Amnn_ wHc1ii.r*o(il'r*i**mnlil**:haa»lllv»»''finnWI«r'Or.i.ir«i
uuy  aunniBi  L-cmonu __..,„.,v,,.,.. _.._„.v. i,;*._.tkWi»r>u-'*,t.'»'-*(«i»t-*>i--yirt*_
twooUberosoUrlherttian three ol »njr oittori.ind.in the ptaparatitm et litneto* tnucviietHi
_______
mw
tm
iv oltidrl,in<l.in the pffipsrulln*
w«tniri»n-*i*)ilTl-,,k',,  Tflt yo-ir-1i.«li*.ryoitw»nt   Han*
ki_.t * Ui*uiti',_, uud L.,UvU«,   ,
Save tho WrAppm •«&£«•
M«rin^»u(ilu3,ofi'iJ|r*,r*.i*._r.ir'.*!«n«. Its re-
mitiliif pl«» _«nat*itiw.«tni;-*irnount
U I-t* than TtK: nn *miwwtt «lnive Jdr.we
ptrttr po-il»J umii miMwv tmirr ripr*<i
frfiler «♦ rteitkdralt. We will tm glad to aaeA .i
V. tinrua   hfillx ^im*M*k" an-X r*Rwl fair
wiapoet* *m pramtmm*-  Mat***      -    -
.C-UJFOttNf A FRUTr GROWERS' EXCHANCB
10«KU«Si,_Mf Tom-UnOm,
li
IA,
there. wlthTsigns~ of"~cuTUvat.lbn~"anci
dwellings to mark tbe advent of the
pioneer In this region of. boundless
possibilities. .The lover of the cliase
would find 'himself in a hunter's paradise, asflsli, fur and feather'abound.
Of the Bruin family there nr,e representatives of various hpeB—black, cinnamon and \ Grizzly,, not, tp mention
that giant of, the tribe, the, silver'tip.
Disciples of St. Hubert,could "revel In
capturing antlered,' trophies—moose
and deer of the different species.
Among the feathered fowl the shot
gun expert would have excellent opportunity to display,his prowess, bringing down tho "old gray gopBO, the loud
quacking mallard, the fluffy mountain
grouso, or the ilghtnlng disappearing
prnlrlo chicken; nnd the .hikes nnd
streams that abound In tho,neighborhood aro so >voll stocked that, if tho
truth, wore told fear, thnt.roputnljon
for voracity would r bo ,gone. forovor,
and c/io might, .scornfully remark
"that's a fish story.that would liavo
Raron Munchausen plncod In the In-
t'niit cIiihh of romiuicoi'B." There's
wliltefiHli Ihal oncotuBteil by n man
from tbo inorldin nclty would spoil
Iho dopopulnllon of Groonwlch; lnko
milnion of such micculciit flavor thnt
thn fiunoil (Ipnlzoiis of Dw waters nd-.
jiieont to SlirllnK, Ciisllo it not ocllpn-
od uio certainly equalled by thoir* finny brothron of ••tho norlliliiiul. Then
thore nro—hut, why dillatofurlhcr nnd
by ko doing causo'fcnrfiil mental en*
xlotlos nmong tho fpllowors ot Iziuik
Wiilion. nn will rot urn to tho prosnlr-,
Keyornl portublo snwinlllH havo ,nl*
icitily beon cicctod for the bonoflt cf
lioiiio-bulldni'H, There nro nlno two
llironjilng oiilflts thnt glvo. ovidoneo
of unbounded fnith In lho futuro development of tho country nnd iiIho
testify tn tho i-ntorprlso of tliolr own-
oi-h In boliu. thus onrly on tlio riclil,
Whilo tlio innterlnl roqulr-ninontH lmvo
nlroiiily boen provided for, tlm Inlol-
loctuiil nud Hpirlttinl needs nro not lo
be iioKlo-rlori, Schoolii mo nlroiuly
ohIuIiIIhIioiI mid chiiU'lii'K nro In' the
cotiHtiiicllvo ulngo, denoting the north*
ward march of elvillziitlon'H udjuncts,
Grnnd I'rniilo Is oiulneiitly Kiiltablo
fpr.grnln nnd mhod fnrmlng, nnd it
noodn no ono f-lflod with prophetic Inst Inctn to .orecnsl thnt a few ycun
honco liioi'o will bo vnnl, flolils of
yellow ginln grectipg tho oyo of tho
ipnssengors us uu.y iook out. ui, uio
unlit YtiuiAi..a, ..tr'J. i\.<_.<,' _,..-.!.'.'<.. a
visible nlonfi.Iili- of tbo stntloni dott-
t\ along lho routo of Irav _.
After triiveiHiiig nn linmoniio nron
of new lnnd Honuiwhoro nour where
the boutirlniJcB ol tho two piovincoH
moot, tho foothills on both sides of
tho lino flro olqtlu-d with unlbrng«ous
fnrontn of uprtteo, poplnr, tnmiirac
(lnrc-h) and other mqrclmnlnblo timber In tho raw, thono.aro of nvorngo
dlmcu-Atati and liuliabl. for mlHInji*'
purpose*. Btrango to rclnlo, thero
U w.ll .iiulppud mill uliuady in ov
oration, tho . property* of nn English
gtntlomAn whose indomitable will Is
elonrly dmannirated bylfs mIsImioo
ns tho difficult Ion encountered must
have loon *mh au would have dnwd-
tul *, ft** jcauraiicotw, auCtrtt. ', Td hnvo
erwrtWl »;poruble mlltf*P»blt»,of -nut-
king 10,00*) feet n day would hnvo bijou
no e**y und'ertnkinc, but wIjki It It
khov^-n that the rapacity of this itdll
18*40,000 feet a day1 those wlio have
experience ln matters may -form some
idea'of, the-stupendous task involved.
','We*'are, now on,the fringe of the
Peace" River block; which .was'coiiced-
ed to' tbe Domlnlpn Goyernment by
the provincial authorities.' foi* jho'me-
steadlng purposes, and. Is handled
tlirb\igh the department-of lands at-
Ottawa. - This slice of the earth's
surface is larger than some of the
countries of Europe. * In this "region
there are lands too that can be bought
from the British Columbia. Government. ' Here we have the Ideal stock
country of, the continent," as thero Is
an abundance of pasture everywhere,
peavlhe and blue Joint grass growing prollfically . tbat would quickly
transform a range,cow Into the appearance ,ot> a stallfed beast.- The central part Is open-, prairie, adapted to
the production of hardy fruit, as the
climate Is' genial, tempered' with soft
chinook* breezes and the fall of snow
sollght that'cattle can winter without
Inconvenience.. Like conditions .prevail for about 150 miles west, the only
variation to the scenery, being somewhat mon*. growth of shrub. In anticipation, of the forthcoming rush. of
land hungerers.the Dominion Government is surveying 10 townships as a
first installment -provision \-G. .W.
McFarland, from Toronto, the Dominion Government's surveyor has,such
confidence In the f future of this district that he -has already brought ln
a number, of thoroughbred horses for
the purpose. of. Introducing the best
stock, these consist' of Clydesdales,
Percherons, > Hackneys;, Btuds and
mares:     , - -'_ •
The Bdsbn'-road wilf greatly lessen
the distance and, make it.easier for
settlers into this territory, ls well tinder way; road^houses are In course
of erection and' stage facilities will
likewise be In operation In the near
future thanks to the enterprise of former Government .Guide Taft.
-■ Would advise all intending newcomers not to'.leave; Edson before the
first of May,"because there is then
adequate feed obtainable along' lho
route. ' 7- .-' *-'." '.-." .-        "   7   '   .'   .,"
It is'tbe'hope_qf the residents up there
that' the- Sifton "cancelation*.of ".tha.
A. arid G.";W. Rail way. will\he] recoil-;
sidered.-'and if not at any "rate a "rail-'
, ]i    .   -.    . .--.■_ "...
road, no" matter what Its title,'.may, be
I soon' ;.ta'pping  this , region; ^witb.; ^jts
wealth untold awaiting, y _ -'_- , " if-.-;'.
* * Anyone' desi ring; trustworthy infor-
matloi. can obtain same by address-
ing-;Mr.  Jas. -.Corn .rll, .•M..P.P.,-'' for
A.thabasoa District,- Edmonton; ,\Alta.;
"or Mr .Fisher, Secretary of ,the' Asso*;
clliled Boards" of Trade of A Iberta,- L-.d-
monton. * ,-* ■■"'.'••y.-.'y\\-""-',i
For the general purposes of the sot-,
tier, would recommend * oxen, (bullocks), because,; although slower,travellers than horses, ihey are more economical and better adapted ,for the
different -labors ln a new .country.
' Like the little boy chasing the'*-pot
of gold at the end of the rainbow, and
having a bad attack of wanderlust, our
informant says that he is going to
take a trip on* the other side,of the
divide, and see, what * there Is in , the
Cariboo and Fraser River valley,,when
he will furnish us with data thereon
for publication later.      , .   ,    * ',
B. C: FEDERATION OF LABOR
■ One. cannot' be charged with exaggeration In; dubbing this "Nature's
Storehouse." for,in'addition to the re
sources already pentloned there are
immeasureiible coal measures outcropping over thousands of acroj where
farmers can procure the-r Winter's fuel
wltnout any exertion. The coul Is
lignite. There 't' are, also excellent
showings of v oil, tar sands visible
near the streams*'; indicate inculcable
deposits awaiting exploitation. This
is the neighborhood,,of--the line of
demarcation between the carboniferous and the motalliferous; ns some ot
tho settlers have some mngnlflcent
specimens of, copper' thnt they have
found ln th9,rangQ(.t<">'thb west. James
Cornwall, tho''M.,'!P.P.'for tho district,
bettor known as ! "Jim,"' and Cody,
Parliamentary representative for ,1110
Pence River country, both aro* loud In,
thoir'pralsoB of futtiro cortnlntlos nnd
glvo a, henrty welcomo to iill mombors
of the,ndvnnco"guard,,, Jlm luis foot-
oil mid 'mushed" more country thnn
nnje." othor innri in his years, In Uiln
virgin northlnnd, nnd* lloih; lio nnd
Cody nro over rondy tb glvo tliolr vlnl-
torR n lioiirl*> wolconio mid the benefit
of thoir wido experiences.* Tlioro nro
asphalt bods dormant nwtiltliiR tiaiiH-
portntlon for lliolr exploitation, und
i Thanks .to "Parm". Pettipiece^ Sec.-
Treas., ^we have this *week received
report of the proceedings of the. first
annual convention, of the B. ,C. Provincial, Federation of Labor, held Mar.'
13-15, in Victoria, B.'.C.' * •     "■
_   . -, j     . . •  _
This marks another step in the ever
onward march towards solidarity^ bf
tho workers, a,growing,recognition of
the Identity of Interests between, all
the useful ,.unlts of human society, regardless of craft;, caste, geographical
or other hair-splitting distinctions and
emphasizes the soundness of the advice, even though' it be dubbed stereotyped, of Marx when he uttered those
famous, words, "Workingmen. of- the
world,, unite; you hnve nothing to
lose but your chains.'',
In addition to three fraternal delegates In1- attendance, three central labor bodleB, the Victoria and Vancouver
Building Trades Councils, there were
31 international and national trade
unions represented.    -    * .  *  ,;
XX' ' __   ' 1 .   t ,
J. A, McKinnon," fraternal delegate
ior District 6, W. F. M., In the course
of his address referred to the legislation thatvhad been placed upon the
statute books of _the Province, said:
"I would call" the attention of the delegates to: a resolution which was Intro;
duced regarding 'the commissi ori, that
-wa's-to-be-appointed-by-the-Proviaclal-
Government calling for ari Investigation , regarding. the price "of coal" In
this'province, and I believe'that, the
parties - responsible' for the ' Introduction of this resolution overlooked the
fact'that this" action on the' part!'"'of
tho government was to be used-to offset the demands of- the caol/miners
of this province and other' nearby provinces, who e,re now. In session' at
Calgary, demanding a different scale
of wages, arid tho argument of the operators could be used In this way, that
thoy were going to be'-forced by tho
government to' reduce the price of coal
and consequently they bould not meet
the demands bf the miners for higher
wages."'
Don't forgot Ihe Grand Theatre is
putting oh nn unusually good program
of pictures to-night' (Friday) and tomorrow (Saturday). In addition ,to
tho picture, progrnm thero will bo
Douglns tho Piper, who will glvo uomo
of his be.s.L ficloclioiifl on tlio pipes,
tii'iilght. , To-morrow night thero will
be tlio usiiiil high cliiss plctiirefl and
Douglns will pul on the fnmous sword
dfincc.
Miitineo  Snturdny  at 3 .o'clock.
Una Granite Fabrics Di Macclieioni Nel Western
,**  '   v - * *, *
.Canada in Fernie. B.C.
""  \i!i':K'v»/;.v.sJtf\vy
SI fnbrlcnno niftccnronl dl prlmUM*
rnn qunlltn suporlorl nil* Importntl
dovoto provnrll por crodorrl I proprio-
tnrl dolln aoprndotln fnbrlon no sono
I frntolil ' Mnrlnnro genio liosportl
jninccnronnrl vcnutl, proprio da Nnpoll
|ilui_ 1 iuacGivoul,i|.Jiono orig.'ntM Jl
flunk no ^ono fnbi'lcniUI nnclnu twllsi
Pcnsllvsrila _ I loiro - maocii-oiil sono
(-nnsoliiif por tutti I stnlt unttl od c
Inutile dcNcrivere -In loro Insupoiabilo
f*»p«1t*iJMi Itrriolivo dl T-Hlro nd \xn-
hlantaro. una nuavti, fnhrfori nol1 rnnndn
o silato prima di tutto per Innolsnro ll
nomo Unllnno soconlo dl fnro.»n lK»r»o
•I oonnotlonall df fsrll manlcMH. robb*
frcscn 6 lifvnrc 1'lnconvonlcnto ill unnro
robhn vecchln cd nspcttnro, cho von-
Ir.so dnll'ltnlln tuttn sfumntn mn' fnv-
orlrlll non sollo, In qunlltn mn nnclio
in prcr.%1 pcn-lo «!oto tutti pvegiui dl
dnwnndnro ol vontro noi-r--ii.(nnto dovo
fnto ln spoils cho vi fonilBucro-dl phs-
to loonio dollii rinnmntn fVdnmhln
Maccaroul Vulory, Fc-rnlo, B.C., ogni
cannot tn dolln noprndottn fnbrlca porta una tlchclln colla rlspottnbllo lm-
plema ronlo D'ltnlfa sotto ll nomo dl
Royflt Brand che vuol dire mnrr«.
Hr>nlo nlelo slouro rh* vl earn foi-nlto
la vera pa»ta localo che il, vonle In
tutti 1 neRO/,11 al prexzo dl (2 la onus-
ett* provato o trovate la verlta.
i!fow'sl.te Trading GOi,
\. -,'*-'" —    *   .--."-'"- -*,.--• -*   *•-., :     -v"' -.-•■■ * -fa***---" ....   .-*'- *   _
LIMITED
The Store of Good Values
, • ;^^ \Yo*ur;d6liar8iiayQ; the :bigg^t purcising powej.*
-here.7'rA;..areful comparisori.of-ivalues wiircon-",
v.-;*-' -,>-"■* **    '.  '■ ■"-'-   *- - ■ " '■* - -'.■'• ".^ .-.  -* '.".'i'
,.»V7ince; you that "our Grocery Department can* supply -
; you:with.the highest quality of ;fobd"''produc(s at' *
'■yi&:'saying 'of_ fully.;i5c.^ to, 20c. W^every^dolla/.
„  We save money for others; "why not'for'"you! 7,
SPECIAL GROCERY VALUES FOR SATURDAY
-,        . r • *■*-•"'■■'
v '* TRoyal* Household Flour      7
* 100 lbs. Sack, $3.25; ;.50,lbs. Sack,-$1:66'   *.
., !3 lb. Packet Washing Powder, t Regular. 25c.
. y- y~    ,,   Special 20c. * .       '.,-.,
"   „     Old Dutch CoiteQ, I lb. tins regular 50c!,
?        ,-,"-'- j--   Special 40o.
,- Flower and Vegetable Seeds, 10 packets..;.   25c.
.Shredded -Wheat Biscuits, 2 packets' , 25c' -\
Extra Choice Seeded Raisins. 2 packets    15c.
_.,.*,. " , f   1        t   ■ •
* t *'C. and B. 1 lb Jars Marmalade, each .......^Oc,
.1
■J
:\&t
'■(
F
A Square I)eal tdsjE.veiy
Man who Buys Glotfes
ITrREFORM .yvai the first in Canada to .offer "money
refunded i( .'satisfaction,''be;.;not{v given^; •   , ,■
Fit-Reform also introduced tlie!Price Label in the pocket
of every Suit and Overcoat as a guarantee of value to the
buyer.     -.■".      7    ■', ,..,        r"   ' -7      •' y> •    ''
"  '    ' ■'■■.'.        ; ■• .'■'■        ''"' ]-y ,"•       .'    '
.*• ..   .     v*''*•*-'* .'* ' -. /     *,.. -.;        ■-       "   ■
Fit-Reform has,' won the confidence of the buying public
because Fit-Reform has given more than was expected.
'  .*    - ■.'.:.-.: .'•':■:,' : ■<■<'■"-   ■ -
•   V*     ';..;'   ': ■'■'Vrli'-Vi;"'. '^0^>
They know that;if any, purchase is.'■; 'dwy     ^
not just right,, Fit-Refothi wili-rnhke', ; i/"';'FflT*
it right.   Yourmotiigy'» yours lyhtil  *,%EErff-M^
yousare perfectly satisfied. ',.   ' '-<®V ' thi
'        -.?,•'■:!'; ..■       ".- ■•/»*:^sfeL   <Mt
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
,   Sole Agents in Fernio
RHEUMATIC
. REMEDY'7
Inn oivtrd  ti'.ori**  linn  fi  tow
cliroule ciiii."*!! of rlieuitiatlstn.     **•
Wc nre tilrly cartain tlmt it
-would ha Ix-ne'ini'il in your cuk    ,
bcciww: wc know wbnl'u In jt.
■r5"is*i--
SulJ and juiraiiUfd by,       S1U
N. E. 8UOOADV
■»»*»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■» ■»*»♦♦
♦ I*
♦ All Coat Miner* are re<ju««t, <
♦ ad to atty aw»y from 8«it|rr.* <
♦ Britlih Oelurrtblii ind Atbur.a. <
♦ ai Ihero are tho'uiande of men  <
♦ Idle
♦
FOR RISNT-Flvo Ro6m  Coltn_<».
Apply, \V. Minton, Annox. 81-Cf
FOll WONT-**-Holntxman Porlore,
Minors' nioclc, olthor wholo or part ot
Rtoro.—At-ply.   D.   Uoos,   P. O, 801.
.omlo.-B. O,'     • "   -
WANTBD—Olrl for Bonornl husoo-
worn ior iiuHiiiur iioajmul, mii-sl uo
Kooij;cook;. wuiiUB. Hutiui\u:toi*y. - Koi*
imi'llciilnrH npply l^odgor Offlco,
.MONWYTO I.OAN-M. A. Knottier
Inventinout Company, and Is proparod
to' ndvnnco monoy. on buslncBU blocks
nt a roiiBonalilo rato of Inloroat,
* 1 •
TO KENT—Two" Now, nowlyplnslor-
two-roomod IIotiHDB. wood ehod nnd
\y,o. for fla-oju *ood well -ploe^jfy, Apply, Tlnbt Wrl«lit. Went Frrnlp.   n2 .In
Llvo Man ar Woman wanted for
work 'at littmo,* paying |2.o0**r<ir J3.00
parid^y. with-.ppqt.unity W iadvanco,
Sptro time nifty bo uied.- * Work not
difficult m-itl r-Mpjlr-Mi no *.xtMrl.nc*e.
Wlniton, .Limited, Spadlna Avenue,
Toronto. "32*5t
•)1i
ift

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