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The District Ledger Sep 2, 1911

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> 7V :fo^rijaf, tfa^ ' -,   .   ?,7'.!ffie,,0fficiai Organ, of .District No. loYU.BkW. of A.
- ■- ..7 '    .^.2f3l
"     -' ; ■**[■:&$
PoHticaTuSitfrVis Victory
j -:
. %•£,<'''
THE". DiSTEIOT:,IJBDGER^FBWIIB^   B. Cj;SEPTEMBER 2,1911/
$1-00 A YEAR
ftrfHi
Case Falls FIat--Nofhing
Doing—Perjur^ Case
.   Set for Tuesday
. -', The case of Green vs. Boldovlno, arts
i".' ing .but of the'plcketting of the Blair-
;.,- more-; Mines,, and being a, charge - of
!t;/;using violence and"threatening1'vfoleri-
X. >*ce in order to prevent, Matthew-Green
7 -.from' going to, work,'was commenced
...   before, Justices - Gresham and Plnkney
„   ; at Blairmore;6n August 26th.   '.Sum-
- morises to appear had been, served on
rAugust 24th 7to-appear on,the.25th,
7-; but .the .case was adjourned on .the re-
.'.'.. qiiesV of Mr."-Moore, representing the
1 ; ■«complainant, until Saturday the, 26th.
,'., Green stated ■ that Boldovlno jhad7ap-
7, .proached him threateningly--with  '-a
,  <   stick, but admitted that he?had not
- stated'that he was going to do violence
"7. .',to: him. " -'      ' - ',"■'.-■.
■ -s- Harry Rowluk'^a;witness for, the pro
■;   - secution  stated" that BoldoyIno7had
,, ''/told.him that he would break his head
,„'. ;,lfv'he went to, work,-but stated'that
.. he.never saw, him raise the'stick-to
.;-,„" Green.'       _. „'. ■'. * .•>-''' -,<>■"'
.-."'   , The. witnesses - for - the:' defense . all
stated' that Boldovlno had not raised
; "    the stick,, and denied that any threat-
.   '.ening language-had been used.,
A   ,   " Jlr. j. R.-Paliner, of Lethbridge, who
; was-defending, Boldovlno, pointed out
, ,.,' in summing up that the men, by peace-
,   ful picketting,;were doing what "they
... were1 legally .entitled Ho do, and that
;there*'was no violence attempted or,
. "i threatened that had been sbbwn;to the
. . court, unless'they., would-accept the,
7 ;, evidence; of Green/and entirely Ignore
^^th^Yiaen^^raiT^offier.wltnessesT
■""'  'In' this,.cohnectiori he.pointed outthat
- -^ Green was under bond, charged with
1    -perjury,-the; warrant having'been ls^
sued ori'tbe 26th-of August;}bond-be-'
. '..-ing fixed, at $r.OOO,'?56o of!• which was
put up  himself, 'the, balance., being
;,,.covered-,by':Minard.'and R0herts,v>sec-,
,. retary and engineer respectively of the
' : West PCanadians Collieries;   >:">'• l<"-,;'
Mr. Moore,,in addressing the benchj
, dwelt on the freedom and liberty of
'ik British subjectB In Canada, particularly
'on their right to work unmolested, at
mV ,jany and all times without any inter-
? ' ference from anyone, following this by
7, . drawing on a vivid Imagination for a
7   ' picture of a threatened assault, that
^    ..had not the saving "grace of being
',   even suggested by any of tho evidence
~7  that hnd boon put In, frankly winding
.',  up,by threatening to "punch tho head"
■v ,,;  of Mr. Palmer if he would go outside.
■ Ho also tried at various times to In-
^ ' ' Ject thoincidorit.of dynamiting that
,.' occurred at Green's shnck on tho night
'. *'    [ot tho 2Bth, into the case in order to
i-    - prejudico the minds of the JuBtlcos,
but woh pulled up by Palmer on ovory
occasion.
On Wednesday, August 80th, tho
caso was dismissed with tho costs of
the court against tho complaint, the
justices Btnting that while this was a
case that should properly recolvo tho
attention of tho court, no violence had
bcon shown, but thoy warned the men
against overstepping the privileges In
this rospect that wero allowed by law.
* , The case against Matthew Green
for perjury will be, hoard on-Tuesday
next, ob will also tho cases against
' Peter Mnclnnl and Don Chase, Mooro
having naked for a further adjournment In theso cases In order to get
further evidence, and < Incidentally,
though ho did not slate thin, to try
and connect up with tho dynamiting
case If at all possible. •
COMMUNICATED, J. ;;;-/ JI
.;■ -■-;; ;'•. •-;:;.-^-.^, ,;'>;.;•/-''•>;
To'"the Editor. ''District- Ledger^- _.'.' X
^Dear "sir—Am-pleased':'tb''note from
the. remarks In your "last weeks issue
that, the Conservatives Intend to holfl
another ."meeting in Fernie on tho-tlth
September.;,    ~    '.-.7;.7;-"-"'.
It Is to. be hoped that questions from
the audience will be allowed, or better
stlll7invite representatives,from the
Libera! and Socialist-parties; who ore
all vcterB in this'constituency, so' that
the various' shadesVof political opinion
may have a hearing. - This courtesy
was. accorded by the LiberalB at their
Tuesday night's7 meeting;« and they
have no cause to regret the'action
taken. '    7 ,'",■;''"    "- 7,'« ;.'",    1--'
If It,; be * feared that' the, privilege
might be abused, fix a time limit for
the opposition speakers and then the
ruling would be .obeyed, and no dissatisfaction arise.--' The .failure" to
give an opponent a chance to. be heard
*s, Indeed, the poorest!of policies, ard
one "not. calculated to advance , the
cuuse of the party who adopts such
a course, because they .then em'not
be siiri.rleed.lf,.they,-be charged with
rowardi^e, ■ b'; charge' which muot be
dtalsPtefultb all loyal ConservctiV«s
piidlrig themselves upon the lov-j of
fai;pl.i>.'°" ' ' , ' ; ''. 7,";,
"" i'lit nklnrf.you for the courtesy", and
niV.iiig that as a result of.'rj d?«*c-
aion of sutijects that affect evei-y one
t.' •«- ^e may be better-io^ to solve
the many problems that confront us at-
the present time,' >. ^    . ,
; "I am, Dear Sir,
-t .'   Yours, very'truly, • >. ■„
',.     .   ■ ■-  7     -J ROBEkT DRAPER
Getting Forces Together
to Unionize Vancouver
Island Workers
The, coal, miners at South Wellington,, Ladysmith, '■ and , Naniamo y have
succeeded in again organizing' local
unions affiliated with , United Mine,
Workers of America., °, Every unionist
in British,, Columbia, especially the
miners of the Crow, will be pleased
to.learn.that the work has,been so
quietly and effectively accomplished
that no question remains of its power
to'maintain itself. • Not only have the
Vancouver Island coal diggers organized, but the officers are now in communication with the officers of the
British * Columbia Provincial Federation of Labor," witlf a .view to securing
affiliation - in time" for' the next annual convention'at-Victoria in January} 1912.' < -.     '
EXPELLED
''•'•--■:' -. •--'  '"r7.  Frank, Alta.
. To the EditoivDIstrlc^Ledger—
."Dear Sir,—I am Instructed by the
members of the "Frank Local Union
. tb ask^you,-to.-insert^in, your next
.issue-that'Thdmas; Shone has' been
expelled from, the- above • Local, for
' refusing" to "obey"the'-rules of- this
local.'.'J When asked to^'cease working
. he, refused to do,so';,and Is still work-
.• 'ing. In.teh mine here.'1 -'.'-'J-' '. ,     ''
Yours'etc,;;--'    \ ; ,'
RIGHT OF LABOR TO
,., A LIVING WAGE
Demand for a; More Equitable "Division Between Capitalist and Worker
' . Is Not Surprising '
ed as the,arch-democrat who has-cried
havoc and let,silp;'th'e dogs of Indus-
trlal^a^-7;':'vy '-  • ;, '-'_-■
; Yet the chancellor of the exchequer
is himself\but/the product'of a' democracy, . suppressed for; a' generation
only to'gather ^strength and atjast to
burst Into flame. ,7.
Great - Britain,, notwithstanding its
open market, has'hot escaped the pressure caused by the increasing cost, of
living unaccompanied, as It has been,'
by any corresponding' advance in
wages. "'- -   .
v- On the" other hand, wealth has been
accumulating in a ratio never before
equalled, and it is not surprising that
hnd woraer. • .,,, . ,. .'" »
the demand has .come for, a more
equitable .division, between capitalist
- If the old Toryism is dead; so is the
doctrine dear • to | the Manchester
school of political; economy, which
held labor to be a,commodityr>subject
to' the immutable'law of supply and
demand.)   "'   -,   ><■'■,
• Some there are'.who still* cling to
the principles of lalsser falre—of leaving trade and industry alone and at
the.mercy, of-the money .power;. This,
too, !has been outgrown.
, "Labor must-be accepted as much
more.than a 'commodity, as,;sweat of
the heart"as-.well as the hand. The
right of- labor/, to a living wage has
got to be ,admitted-ft»d then another
large stride will betaken towards that
public regulation-.which has already
been proposed-by-ipromlnent men .in
Witt RUN
&
Macieod Constituency is
To be Gontest8fJ—A.
Good Candidate
THE TAYLOR  (LEEDS)   INCIDENT
Edmund Fulcher, president of the
T. and'L Council of Brandon, Man,,
will contest Macieod constituency in
the Socialist interest. .
. Fulcher is-not only an able exponent of Socialist, philosophy, but also
has a thorough grasp of the situation
as it effects the farmer-as well as
the artlzan.     \   .
For Jhe- benefit- of our readers wo
will publish his itinerary as soon as
it is decided upon..
-'GEO.-NICOL, Sec.
British reactionaries will see in the
labor uprisings the-first fruit of' the
advanced policy pursued' by Mr. As-
quith and his colleagues., .More than
ever will Mr. Lloyd George be regard-
'., We regret that several communications and correspondence are crowded
'out this week,' but.will appear next
,"weck.\"   ' -'"       "*'  .
the United.States..^.- ;"'
Now - that '• the t new democracy of
Britain has tastedKthe sweets of success and lias .become conscious; of its
strength, the social.revolution-that Is
coming is .no longer a thing "of the
dim' and distant; future. Its advent
has indeed- been'7.heralded.—Toronto
World.'.'  >'■>''- "71- ,     -. "•   -
:;       ; . ...   died.
Buckley—At Fernie (Annex), on Saturday,'" August;26th", 1911, Edith", beloved daughter of ,Mr and Mrs. Buckley
aged 8 years.';-
. An Irishman' once tasked the parish
priest, to'explain a miracle, to which
the latter-replied: ,   .        .
v "I cannot explain it clear enough in
words-for you, to understand, so walk
along the road arid,don't turn around."
"/The Irishman-did so, the priest
standing still until' there was a dis-
"Rossland, B.' C, August 30th, 1911
.:. W. Bennett, ^sq, Editor, Tha
District Ledger, Fernie,. B. C.
Dear Sir,—la your'issue of August
26th there appears a letter signed by
"Robert Draper" with reference to a
statement attributed, to Mr."' George
Taylor, ex-M.P., for Leeds, in which it
is asserted that he advocated driving
the striking miners to work at tho
point of the bayonet. This statement
was not made by Mr. Taylor, but by
the Honorable Mackenzto King, Minister of Labor, and attributed by him to
Mr. Taylor in an attempt to make capital out of it with the workmen.
Mr. King was afterwards compelled
by Mr. Taylor to withdraw this statement. I am sending you by this mail
a copy of "Hansard" containing the
whole debate 6n the subject.
, Permit me to add I am not responsible for the statements, or opinions
of private members of the house, but
only for my own attitude towards labor and other public questions.
I only make this correction in fairness to' a fellow member who probably will not see the article.
Sincerely yours,   ,
.      .. A. S.-. GOODEVE.
The copy of "Hansard," to which
Mr. Goodeve refers in-his, letter was
duly received containing on page'9971
-2-3 under the caption1 of "Question of
privilege" the.details of the passage
•at-arms between Mr. Geo.. Taylor
(Leeds) and the Minister - of Labor.C)
Below we reproduce the report ad verbatim, but must confess' that in itself,
the onus of responsibility cannot, in
TO GET OUT
Discrimination is Shown
at Goal Greek Mines
Early This Week
The following notice has been serv-;
ed upon quite a number of Coal Creek
residents. Discrimination has been,
shown as arrearage of rent was not
theonly cause for making 'service of.'
notice ,to quit:    , .   '   -,
Re House No. —;—Coal Creek
Sir: ,-   -
; We hereby give you notice to quit \
and deliver up possession of House
No. — situated on Lot 4589, Group
One, East Koot'enay, in the village
ot Coal Creek, and the premises appurtenant thereto, which "you now
hold of this Company as tenant thereof/ on. the 30th day of September,
1911. -;
'Dated-this  31st  day   of   August,
-191K     ■ '-'"
,-'', -   Youra truly,
7THE CROW'S NEST PASS COAL
•••'    -   COMPANY LIMITED '     ' .
tance of about 20 yards between them.
Then,running swiftly upon his ques- jour- estlmatlon b'e removed from the
tioner, he planted a swift kick behind
the" man's back, excla ming as he did
so: - 7- • „
•'..'.'Did" you' feel that?'.' .   ;
7"Sure, an', oijdid!" replied Pat.'
.* "Well, .and if you hadn't it would
have been a miracle," said the father.
Moral—How many "miracles" is it
necessary to convince" a working man'
that 'a vote for either of the two factions of the old parties does not'bene-
flnhis_claja_at»aji2.
individual to whom it'is attributed, until the contents' of the letter to which
Mr. King alludes in' the concluding
paragraph wherein he is quoted as saying: "But I have his letter and will
produce it, and let the'house Judge for
itself."
We have now furnished all the information upon the subject iri our possession,, but should we receive a copy of
"Hansard" giving-the report of ;tbe
'proceedlngs^when MrT King produces
QUALIFICATION IN ALBERTA   .,.   '
':-''!    AND SASKATCHEWAN
*   -" v ':,-'-'"•. ■■ ;__   .   .-'7'i','   '7
32 In the provlnces.of Saskatchewan
and Alberta/'except as in'this* act other
wise provided, every nfale pers'oVsnall
be qualified to vote"at the election of
a member under this Act, who, -not
being on Indian, is a British subject
and of the full age of>twenty.pno"years,
and has resided In either of the aald
provinces for at least twelve months,
and, in the electoral district where, he
aeeka to vote, for at least three months
Immediately preceding the Issue of the
writ of election: Provided that except
as hereinafter provided, an ' elector
may only vote at the polling station
of the polling division In which' he la
a realdent at the time of .voting.—-Tho
Dominion Elections Act,' '„•'.-    7
In and ArctMnd ike Town
', The Dancing Assembly held thelrjre-
gular' ball In Bruce's.Hall on Thursday ■; evening. 7"-;   -'■-'•'"''<''     -'7   .
' R. S. Garrett, of' the Dally Entertainer, Cranbrook, made a" flying visit
here on Sunday.
Chas. Morris leaves next Tuesday
for Taber, where he goes into business.     Success, Charlie.
Miss Lizzie Orr leaves on Sunday
for a three months' trip to,Scotland, '
J, McCool, Mayor of Oleson, Journeyed to Michel,early in the week.
The.new ,C.;P.- R. hotel at'Balfour
is announced to be opened on Sept,
8th.*' "
* Mr> and-.Mm."'A; Con well,' who have
been Fernie residents for some time,
left last weeic^for Calgary, where they
will live In future.       ,     .   .
, Mr and Mrs. W. B. Phillips, of Tri-
wood, entertained n number of their
Fernie friends Wednesday afternoon
and evening.
John Brown left over the C. P. 11. oh
"WHAT  18  A  CAPITALIST?"
She will be accompanied by Mr A.
McCord.
LABOR DAY AT CRBSTON
Everything Is ready for Croston's big
Labor Day Celebration, All now no*
co»iory Is (he preening of the button
on tho morning of the Fourth, The
Park grounds have been fixed up at a
considerable cash outlay; the Improvements being the le vol! Ing of tho ground
the erection of a grand stand, nnd
piping pure town water to the ground,
*h«ob Is r,» »V.c Jlijiii! 1 A«.i«;.»,
eat*r«r»i, nnd the public renprnll,v,
Tho now grand stand will have a
Mating capacity of ,400, and thia will
be covered 10 that visitors will feel no
Inconvonlonoo from the dust and heat,
Th« trnfV  fllummi', nw* »?"? ^*lV.z.Z
to the Park, will be well watered on
the tnornlntf of the Fourth. For .this
the Third Annual Labor Day Celebration, the thanks of the town are duo
tho Park Association, who bave
■pared neither cash nor energy to glvo
Creaton a park and race track that la
a year or two will compare with any
in the Interior of the provlnoe of British Columbia, Thero will be no ad-
mlHlon to (be grounds to witness the
•porta on Labor Day. Every event on
tho programme can lit) witnessed with
po cost to tho atghtioer whatever.
Oat ye to Grttten for tha Fourth If
y« would apend a Joyous dayl
Replying to "Mlneworker."
- A capitalist, puro and simple, is ono
who performs.no service-'either .In
production or distribution of commodities that is basically essential to
human society. One who dorlvoe profit from tho labor ot others without
doing any hlmsolf.
An Individual may function In both
capacities—I. e., as a worker and a enp-
ItaliRt. Tho superintendent of a coal
mlno is a working man, Just ns much
as a bucker or loader, the higher wage
paid him doos not put him out of tho
wage-earning class, although his pay
may bo called "aalary"
" TIo may not so regard himself, but
that does not make it less a fact, the
only reason thnt ho receives moro for
labors is duo to tho labor-tlmo incorporated In hla, creation, and tlio loisor
degree of Intensity In tho competitive
market for his commodity.
If tho superintendent has ihnros In
tho coal mine and tho monoy Invested
produces profit, then that which ho receives from this source cnuses him as
* profit receiver, to function capital-
Istlcally.
All UBoful labor, whether performed
manually or mentally, makes an Individual a working man, nllhough ho
may display "casto" dlstlnctloOB If his
remuneration bo classified as aalory,
stipend, nonorartum or some other;
M4.'« iil^lfMuuilinti UiU.
To inveigh against a man because
he Is a capitalist and net beeante of
tho conditions that produce him la
equally no dogmnttc as It Is to crltlo'oo
4 H»iMu* uiMi Mt a 'ttbrAUig man, instead of as a supporter of the very
system that perpetuates his wage-slavery.
• Mr and Mrs. J. T. GIddings wore
tho host and hostess to a luncheon on
Tuesday evening, at their homo on
Pellatt Avenue, ln honor of Dr and
Mrs WrlgloBworth, who, wo regret to
say aro lenvlng shortly for Vancouver,
their future home.
Thero was some display of speckl
od trout in Suddaby's window early in
tho wook that would make tho av*r-
ago fisherman dizzy nil right, nil right.
Five of tho finny trlbo weighed Just
0 IbB. W/ii oz.f and < were from tho
lino of J. Crockett.
Wednesday-last for Ontario,- and-will
visit at Colllngwood and Toronto before; returning.- *
' Wednesday night was' "Gold Night"
at tho Fernio Opera House, when four
tons and two five dollar gold pieces
wero distributed,
Frank Shaw "was up from Mission
packing-up to go to ,tho coast, where
he will, join his wife and family. He
left Friday morning.
The City Band treated our citizens
to another of those select band concerts on Sunday evening, which was
certainly appreciated.
We havo It on good authority that
one of Coal Creek's popular young men
will' next week forever forsake IiIb
bachelor days, and Join the happy and
peaceful ways of the benedict.
ANOTHER  OIL  DEAL   ;
DOWN IN MEXICO
Anyono having doubts regarding tho
possibilities of growing potatoes successfully In Fernie Just take a look In
A. A, McBonn's window. Tho party
that ■ raised those opuds certainly knows
something nmbut gardening. -Ask Mc
Bean for particulars.
Brick-laying Ib in progress on the
now It. C. church. Wo aro told that
some 180,000 brick Is required. -Judging from the drawings this will bo a
most magnificent church building,
comparing favorably with anything of
a llko nature In the west.
Noxt Monday, Labor Day, Vancouver and Westminster lacroaso teams
tlo into each other to settlo their differences and decide who will bo tho
owners of tho Mlnto Cup, omblamatic
of tho world's championship,
For tho socond tlmo In loss than
n "month Tom Longboat showed Ills
heoli» to Alf. Shrubb In a 19 mile rnco
at Toronto last Saturday, defeating, at
tho time, Ahblo Wood, ihe fomoui oue,
by m fee: In a heart-breaking finish.
Shrubb did not finish. Some 15,00'
peoplo «nw the race, nnd nil admit 'hat.
,  Tho Indian has really come back.
Frank II. Shepherd, Chief Inspector
and Deputy Minister of Minos, hns
resigned in ordor to contest tho riding of Nnnalmo In tho Conservative
Interests agninBt Halnh Smith, It is
expected that a successor to Mr, Shepherd will bo appointed in tho near
future.
ProporntloiiB are woll under way for
tho forthcoming' Agricultural Exhibition ln Cranbrook, which will bo hold
on September 17-18, nnd there is not
tho slightest doubt thnt it will surpass any of Its predecessors. Not
only Is Cranbrook well known as tho
"Banana Bolt," but Is fast coming to
tho front with other fruits of nature
such ns cabbages, turnips, potatoes,
etc,
the documentary-evidence, we will hasten to- publish ;so that, bur readers
may be enabled' to--.-place the -blame
where It rightly belongs.
s - QUESTION OF PRIVILEGE ;
Mr TAYLOR,'(Leeds) .Before the
orders of the day are called I would
rise to;a question of privilege. . ..I see
by, the'urirev'lsed copy of VHansard"
that In sneaking yesterday, I made use
of the following language:
I proposed to, the Minister of Labor that ho should appoint a commia
Bion similar to tho Railway Commission, before whom parties could bo
. heard and that when that commls-
. slon gives Its award it would be binding upon the parties, and It would
be illegal to have any strike or lockout.
I find that, in reference, to this, the
hon minister (Mr. King) said:
My recollection is that the hon.
gentloman from Leeds (Mr. Taylor),
, suggested that tho , government
Bhould drive tho men back at tho
point of tho bayonet.
I wish to say that that statement is
a wilful arid malicious	
Sir WILFRID LAURIER. Order.
Mr. TAYLOR (Leeds).—mlstntomont
of facts. If the Spookor wishes to
call mo to order for making use of
languago which Ib not In accordance
with tho rulOB of order, I shall withdraw It,
Mr, SPEAKER.   I think tho use of
tho word 'wilful' Is not parliamentary.
Mr.   TAYLOR (LcedB).   The   hon.
minister made that Btntcmont yesterday, and I would now repont that I
OTTAWA, Aug. 24—Canadians inter-t
ested In Mexican and Texas oil properties received a dispatch from Tam-
pico, .Mexico, today announcing that
Lord Cowdray, who is better known in.
the' United cStates as ;Sir.: Weetman '
Pearson, has arrived at Tampico, from,,
London, to complete, the transfer of v
the oil holdings of. the Pearson Syndi-
cate-1:o4he"tTe"xas""CoTfipaTTy7Tlie*larBeT^
oil producing, refining,and selllng.cbn-,,
cern of which the" late John W. Gates
was the head,       ,-   ,-.
' „It Is said that the transaction was'
closed, In" Europe „before Gates' fatal
Illness. '.''■'
The price paid is said to be $|26,000,-
000. .' The Texas,company is controlled by a syndicate composed exclusively of English and Canadian capitalists.
ELUCIDATION OF
"AN EXPLANATION."
Consequent upon the fact that some
of our coders do net correctly- understand , our explanation made 'n' c;:"*
Issue of the 19th ult., relative to the
action of tho various divines in tho
city in tho matter of the petition that
was circulated on behalf of Angelina
Napolitnno, we wish to make is as
clear as possible, and-to this' end
would state that the homes of ALL
tho gentlemen wero visited, and all
woro personally interviewed, except
tho Rev. Grant, and the only one who
signed was Bov. D. M. ThomBon,
who would mako a statement of that
kind, which ls not correct, is not qualified for tho position be holds. And
If tho Prime Minister finds that a
minister would mnko statements which
nro not truo, ho should expel him from
tho government Immediately.
Sir WILFRID LAURIER.   Order.
Mr. TAYLOR (Leeds). The Prime
Minister (Sir Wilfrid Laurier) may call
'order,' but until ho reprimands his
Minister of Labor for making abate
ment such ns I hnvo quoted I do not
novcr made a suggestion to him with think ho con call mo to order,     I
Mr and Mrs. P. V. Wholan have vacated their reoldenco on Rowland Ave.,
which Is being leased to Drs, Bonnoll
nnd Corsan for tho ubo of tho hospital ataff of nurse*. Mr nnd Mrs,
Whelan will reside at tho Napaneo
Hotel.
('rod Waters, of tho Elk Lumber Co.,
celebrated hla "ateentb" birthday on
Wednesday of this w«*»V, n luren party
of friends driving cut nnd taking part|nn ortrn tenohor will bnve to V yul
School re-opened Inst Monday with a
complete staff of teachers but too
many scholars, On roll call being
commenced It was found that over
60 pupils could not bo accommodated, and now the trustoesjjnro looking
pV«.t ?*r ?".'".!■• :l.l:.. ...  .u.,.^i. .uu
BORN
On Thurflday morning nt the homo
of Mr. nnd Mrs. Thomas Barrett, of
Pellnt Avenue, a bouncing boy. Mother and son doing splendidly.
» tSW&Mfc,   Cttili
during the day, as well as participating
In a danco in tho evening. Mr and
Mrs Waters aro entertainers of the
moat hospitable, and this occasion will
1)0 remembered with pleasure. What's
the matter with Waters?—He's all
right I
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE INCREASING  IN SPIT* OP feVrWIKB
Neetaaary to Gp*n Aneth/ir fKvfsfon
At Once—No School on Monday
—Labor Day
Pupils who wert sent home this
w«ik until extra a*ne»lQdatl6n <m\t
bo provided, will ptai** sffwd af
Central School Tuesday morning.—
T* BRUCE.
on the staff. Tlio attendance now
Is over 000, considerably moro than nt
tho close of Inat term. With the atrlke
still In progress nnd several families
tinvlnc Wf invr. i» T,",., tv,».,.~v» ,',;„;>t,
would bo a decrease In tho enrollment,
but the reverse has been tbo caso,
MILLER—ARM8TRONO
On Thursday afternoon Leo Kimcno
Miller, of Frank, nnd Miss Gertrude
ftettn   ArmntrmiP.  nf PotMvMA     T.tn
reference to that matter verbally In
my life. I wrote to him, nnd ho has
my letter nnd I chnllonge him to produce It, nnd If It bo In accord with Ityo
staloment ho mndo here to tho Houso,
thon I am willing to acknowledge tho
corn, But until he produces thnt letter and proven his statement, ho must
He under the charno of having made a
statement In this Houso which Is not
In accord with the facts, and lie branded, ns he should bo, with trying by
misrepresentation to Injure a political
opponent, I wrote to the hon. minister thnt I had gone out nnd visited
tho coal mlneH whero tlif strike wan,
and after conversation with the mine
Intend to vindicate my clinrnctor In
this Houso ns well ns ouUldo of It, and
iho Minister of Ijibor has no right tn
mnko such a statement as he made,
having no grounds for It. Ho made
tho statement that I sold It would ho
hotter to drive tho men back nt tho
point of tho bayonet rnther than allow Innownt people to bo frozen to
death, nnd m an. If lie hnd n Labor
Commlunlon to whom parties who hnd
vrlovuni-M, <»tthor employees' or employer, could roaort —
Sir WILFRID I.AURIICR.   Order.
Mr. TAYLOR (Uods)—nnd whoso
dwldlon would ho binding upon both
piirilos-— thnt Is tho nolutlon of (his
owncm nnd with tho men, I wrote the j question,   IriHtend of the humbugging
U.8.A..werejoinedlnthehnlvhnnd«l«nd he wrote bark 1hnt,klnR m« for I on ^trtV*. Mjh*;M<^ f J^/
of matrimony at Fernio by Rev. I). M
Thomson, at tho Baptist Parsonage.
Mrs. J. Turner, and Mr. J. Woods act-
ed as supporters. The happy rouplo
will make their home for th«» nrM*T)t
at Frank.
Much sympathy Is expressed for Mr
and Mr*. James Buckley, of the Annex,
in tbo loss they have Just sustained
fhrongh death, of their bitiM Uttlo daughter. Edllb, aged I yours, which sad
event occurred \i\\ Saturday last. The
child was up and around as nsual on
Friday, and the S'jddenn«M of btt
death mnat Indeed b« a great shock to
tbe paiwnta, Funeral took p|ace on
Wtdnetday, teniae being held In tbe
Papffst Chorea, (ulAittietol. Uktag pUc
to tbo Fetnl* Cemetery. Meant
Thomson and Morrlaon ln charge.
The Ms Theatre opened Its doors
for the first tlmo on Tuesday evening, and despite several other counter
Attractions, had a crowded bouse.
Thia new picture bouae Is certainly up
to city style, and convenient, and we
would suggest that tbe Manager, Mr.
Copley knows tbe bntloeas, Tb«
theatre la fitted up with ragular opera
cbalra; tbo pictures aro new and dear,
and to thoae wishing to apend aa •«•
joyabta and protktable hour we would
say. Init drop Into tbe la!*. Good innate
and good alngfng.
tho auggeatlon, and enylng that hotrisnu. nnd attribute to me n siusrcs-
would consider It, My auirgeatlon was | Hon that I never mndo. Let him pro-
that the government should appoint a|duco the correipondence. And until
permanent commlsalon, similar to tho j ho does, he must Ho under the eharRO
railway commlMlon. to whlrh MnTilnv-iof'hMvlTif mM* •»  f->i^--'.-*  '•:  •;.»;
<*8 and employees could appeal IfjHouro that la not In accordance with
APPOINTMENTS   OAZETTEO
they had grievance*. If the men bad
a grievance In reference to not Rotting
sufficient pay or anything of that kind,
tho facts.
Mr. KI.VO.   I have not desire to mis-
lopresent my hon. friend (Mr, Taylor,
they could make a complaint to the»Lwd«l.
commission, and the commission would)   -Mr. TAYLOR (Leeds)   But you did
h<?ar tlwtu.     The employer*    Mould]It  MumikIi.   And I rhnllcngo you    to
VICTORIA, B C. Aug. S5.—Among
the moro rerwit provincial  appnfnf^..,. „ ,  	
men I a announced are those of Messrs j have a ulmllar rleht. and It should be (prove It.
Was    Mr. KINO.
Th<» hon, g«nt|em*ti re-
J W, Ro«» of Waldo and John Ff Bland unlawful fai tl«> uu-u l»» *lrikv.
of Arrowhead as Justices of the peace; j man wanted to leave hla employment; fers to certain correspondence which
George W. F. Carter of Cranbrook, as; he had a perfect ripht to do *o. hot no M wtj1 to me with regard to tbe
clerk of tbe peace In tbo county court j right to prevent another man from tak-. Industrial dlapnte*. My r«coll«ctlon
district of East Kootenay; A. C. Nol-jln* hla plaoe.    Thia waa my augges-jwaa that be thought It would be Well
tan of Cranbrook a* actlag dlttrlrt re- iImj. W&y, thtntote, should the mln-
rf*trar of With*. d**»fca and marrtor*. * 1it*r erf «P him and nay W ttis, IIoa*«
acttug r<{;(»(rar of tbe county court of j that I wanted the government to drive
Koofensy and acting recorder of catt'e [ the men back to work at the point
brands. iof tbe bayonet?    I tay that a esmliter
to bave tbe troops called out, and tbe
UtiLin ttwtfed to return to the mines ',lf
neceatary. lint I bave hla letter, nnd
will prodiiro I*, nnd lot the llouae ,V- ii.'i; -.-.V   •-/■ u-;.t.
PAGE  TWO
-'■7 '.><• :\^   .7-"?-'    ' >'7;'-'v-77   ".■-. ;-'-W-./.''.>r. -
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C.; SEPTEMBER 2, 1911
■ "-. ^-.-' ;-•■; •-■ --„v^"v--?
—-* *"u
Liberals Rally to Hear a Fair and
'.!''--""•      ' -i'
Honest Exposition of the Battle
Cry—Condgon and Fisher
Both in Good Voice    ,
FISHER ONTO (GOODEVE
On Tuesday evening, when the first
ball- was fired on behalf of the Liberal Vnndidatep'fioctor J. H. King,1 the
. Grand Theatre was crowded to its utmost capacity in the body of the hall,
-while the gallery had only a few seats
vacant, which were occupied later In
/the evening.  '■      •   '    '   -
Mr. W. G. Barclay occupied the chair
and; was' surrounded by the'following
gentlemen: Robert Duthle, L. P. Eckstein, J.' S. Volume, R. Draper, A. I.
Fisher,' and the speaker of the evening, Mr". Congdon, K.C., of the Yukon.
After a few preliminary,remarks Mr
A, I. Fisher was introduced and turning to Mr. Congdon stated that inasmuch as he came from a mining com-
,t munlty and probably, had had considerable experience, in his locality with
members of the mining fraternity,, he
would doubtless feel perfectly at. home
'in Fernie; but as ,he had previously
-'Intimated to"Mr. Congdon,-If that gentleman had come • here with the expectation that he would not meet with
■any opposition or criticism, he hastened to assure'.him that hjis,. experience
.would prove contrary to what his own
had proved in the^ past. He was
pleased to say,'however, that Mr. Cong-
• don was fully prepared to repeat'some
of his ohl-tlme experiences as he was
well acquainted with that sort of thing
in connection with his work in Dawson
City, and had assured him {Mr Fisher)
that he would be perfectly in his element >vitli an audience of such a nature. Mr. Congdon had expressed his
regret that ho was unable to speak nt
Michel the previous evening, taut hod
he done so there was not the slightest doubt that he would then have
more-fully understood to what ho alluded In-stating that there would undoubtedly bo opposition. Mr. Congdon, togolher with his good Mend Doctor Clarke, was recognized as-one of
the most radical members In tho House
of Commons nt Ottawa, hence ho felt
convinced that ho would be accorded
n most hearty reception hero In Fernie.
Mr. Goodeve when horo the other
evening had been kind enough to compliment their candidate, Doctor King,
and ho relumed the compliment, congratulating Mr, Goodeve from tho platform on tho eloquent manner ln which
ho had presented his cubc But his
very eloqucnco had been a sin, aB he
was thereby bettor ennblcd to mislead
his audience Into believing Ills misrepresentations and to concur in the
fallacy of his arguments. Mr. Goodeve is in tho habit ot quoting only a
statement" was untrue, and that also
would be proved to them in a satisfactory manner before the evening was
out.
Mr. Goodeve had also said, ln his
dramatic and ,eloquent'.manner that
the Liberal party i of which'.Sir Wilfrid Laurier was,the head, had taken
the kernel and' principle out of the
Verville cBill,- and that the bill as amended, which he (Mr.* Goodeve) had
also held .up before them, was absolutely useless, and liad never been
approved by'any of the labor'organizations. That was another of the numerous mis-statements made by Mr.
Goodeve from that platform; another
of the numerous mis-statements which
he proposed to.rectify. The original
Verville Bill, the same as held up to
the eleetors'of Fernie by Mr. Goodeve,
when he fold them that the kernel
and principle had been taken out of
it by the Liberal Government^" had
been supported by the Government and
the Minister of Labor.^ so far as it had
been" necessary to obtain a second
reading of and approval of tbe principle or .kernel of .i.he' bll1.. and Mr.
Lauc'ister himself, a Conservative in
the -House at • Cttawa< had accused
tho— Government-, and -the 'Ministev^of
Labor with having supported-the prin;
ciple of the bill-'and passing it along
to its second reading .without, protest.
Mr. Goodeve had held up that" bill to
the electors of this district and stated
that the Government' had taken the
kernel out of it,.but they would soon
see who it was that had been responsible for trying not only to take ,the
kernel out but to kill the whole bill.
After passing, Us. second reading, tho
bill wont into committee,'and immediately after it went into committee,
Sharpo and Donelly, confreres'of Mr,
Goodeve, tried to .kill it. Sharpo, the
Conservative member,for Ontario/rose
In Ills seat arid said (Mr, Flslier quotes
from "Ilnnsard"):
Tho principle of this bill is that
eight hours ulinll constitute a day's
work ton public works In this country.   ,So far ns I am personally,concerned, I wish to go on record as
not only being against tho individual
sections of tho bill, but against tho
whole principle of the bill."
That, continued Mr Fisher, was what
Mr, Sharpo, a Conservative raombcr
from Ontario had said In the House
at Ottawa,    He (Mr Flnher) wns not
misleading thorn, and Hansard wnn his
authority,     Then, Mr. Edwards, another of tho ConBorvattvo Mombors, had
Immediately risen and otatod thnt he
portion of "Hansord," nnd'leaving out jfoit It his duty to enter his protest
against the principle of an eight-hour
day on government work.    Ho nddod
(Mr. Fisher roads from "HnnsnrdB"):
"It Boomn to mo thnt no nrgumont
l« necessary to provo that If you
make an eight-hour day on government work, you aro entering tho thin
mid of the wedgo, and tho eight-
hour dny^wlll bo followed with ro-
Bpoet to nil kinds of work,"
Mr, Kdwnrds further stated that he
had objected lo tho bill whon It first
canio boforo tho houso, ar.d ho wished
tp repeat his objection then,    He (Mr
tho remnlndor; but (holding up a copy
of "Jlnimnrd") ho would got,; said
the sponkor, tho'roBt of It thnt evening,
nnd he would ndvlso Mr. Goodovo when
r-nxt ho nrfflPtiUM hlnwlf boforn nn
audience In thiu part nf tho riding, to
carry tho whole of "ITnnanrd" with him
nnd quote from It in Kb entirety, If
ho continued. Mr. Goodovo ever returned to tills dlntrlnt nftor September 21st,
when ho would ho n defeated candidate ho would fliiroly have learned by
that time tho ncoo«slty, nnd importance of bringing with him the whole
of the prorppdlnRS of tho dehnloa nt j roller)  would like to know who It
Ottawa from which ho had presumed) wns thnt had attempted to kill tho bill,
Including tho kernel mid principle
thereof, and In order to show thai iho
Conservative members on Mr. flood-
evo's own sldo of tho hotibo were doing thnt which Mr. Goodovo hnd nc-
ruaod tho Government of doing, ho
would rend from "Ilnndard'H" whnt Mr
Douelly, tho member of Iho Opposition
from Ilrnco, had slated. Within flvo
minutes after tho bill wns placed ln
luiiiuiiuvu, .sir. uoniiviiy utiti iibuii in
,'.;,-, .-,<,,'ji anil buhl:
"l therefore beg to moi'o thnt the
cnmmltt<<ft rl«e."
Sir Wilfrid Laurier afterwards call-
ed the attention of Mr. Donnelly to
*,. .,-'.»        - • «M.,
to quote only Hioho portions which host
suited IiIm purpose, lie propoHOd to
give bin bearers a number of ntnte«
meiits made by Mr. Goodovo from Hint
platform on his recent vIhII, and to
show them how fallacious they wore,
nnd how tho very fluency nnd eloquence, of Die Conservative candidate
hnd blinded llinm to tho fnllncy of his
arguments. For example, Mr. Good-
eve hart Hani winu .Mr. riMit-r quoic-u
u'ltj t\*.%s r<tA.i in -,'.w...r,,i,i,.-,-.!.,.,.i i,i j.j.-,
utatemcnt) thnt the Government had,
when the old Japanese Treaty was
aRitln before the house, owing to Its
being about to expire on .Inly 17th,
Y/l\'ll   '/V'UKIU'M   Villi    !.,..>*.i.W.'.ii.f,   Zi.,,4...
ese Treaty on tho same terms ns before. Thnt wns not truo, nnd ho proponed to prove It to thorn there and
then, and If ho could not prove It to
them concliiHively. »,h«n ho would aak
hf* friend, Mr. CnnKdon, to «nt«r on
tho subject nt length, and show them
hw the matter had Iwwn mlnre>r>rpw»nt-
t>d to them. Mr. Goodeve hnd aaid
that Incoming rtritiah citizens wero
subject to certain disabilities under
the ordinary Immigration Act to which
dlt.ihlHU*« the Japan*** Immigrant*
wr* not, inaimnrh as the latter had
tit* Ingres* Into Canada whether ad-
inNiUito under the Act or not.  That
to those I represent for an honorable
gentleman to make a motlonatthis
time that the committee rise, merely
to block the progress of the bill."
Mr. Verville was in charge" of the
bill. Mr, Verville was the Labor Representative, , and that is the way Mr.
Verville interpreted the, motion ot Mr.
Donnelly, a member of the Opposition;
The motion by Mr Donnelly would have
killed not the*'amended bill, .but'the
first bill, out.'of which Mr. Goodeve
had said the Government and tho Minister of Labor had taken the kernel.
The Opposition had' tried to-kill the
bill right there and then, as it was,
with* the whole of- the kernel In it.
Then they had proceeded to talk It out,
and -the records of, the House show
that' Conservative after Conservative
rose ';in his seat and either gave the
bill a.cold support or damned it with
faint- praise.', The Conservatives, almost as a body, had opposed 'the principle of the original bill, and he (Mr.
Fisher) wished to call attention to the
fact,'that Mr. Henderson, the Opposition member for Halton, had said (Mr,
Fisher'.quotes';from Hansard):    ,
,a "I do not rise to discuss just'now
' the merits of the bill.    I desire to
=say=a=^few==.wor<!s=p=with—reorard=to-the=,
time chosen for proceeding with this
bin.':; '-, - ' "
That, continued Mr. Fisher, was
what'Mr. Henderson had "said only a
few minutes after the bill had been
placed in committee, and why, after
the Government, had consented to the
second reading of the original bill,
should he object to the t.lrao chosen
to proceed with the bill in committee,
except merely for purposes of delay?
Another Conservative member, Mr.
Sproule, referring to the kernel ot the
bill, had said:
"Mr. Speaker;' I have not been in
tlio houso and I have not hoard what
has been said on this bill, but I hnvo'
my own views with regard to bills
i' of UiIb kind. ; I think thoy nro radically wrong. . If you put any restriction upon a man's right-to work
for any length of tlmo he desires. I
think It is wrong. Some men, phy-
slcnlly and Intellectually, are capable
of working ton hours n day with no
more Injury than a man suffom who
only works-eight hours. If by nature ho Is furnished with nil tho requisites to do that and ho is willing to do It, why, should you restrict his rights? In my judgment
it Is wrong."
To further provo that, it was Iho intention of the opposition to 1(11! tho
bill, Mr. Fisher pointed ou that Mr.
Lancaster roso ln his place nnd admitted that that was tho purpofio; that
ho wan opposed to tho principle of
tho hill, and nccordtng to "Ilmmnrd"
ho Ib reported to havo Raid:
"The Minister of Labor admitted
that IiIb object Ib to got In tlio thin
end of tho wedge, and to caitso ovory
body to go In for an eight-hour day.
If tho object of tho Minister of La.
bor Is to coorco tho rent of tlio people of Canada to adopt an olglil-hour
day, I am not with him.     Smoly It
Ih not using too strong an oxitohrIoii
to sny thnt tlio Opposition In,this
)ioubo, nt all eventb, hnvo boon tnkon
by tho throat In regard to thin legislation?" -  "
The audience would noto Hint Mr,
Lancaster,  a  Conservative momber,
snlil they wero being tnkon hy tho
throat by the Government In connection with this eight-hour day, hill, bo
entiflo tho Minister of Lnbor hnilndmlt
ted that It wd's tho thin end of tho
.        t        , ^   .    . ii
Hint Mr. Ooodevp hnd nfcrrHIo the
Reciprocity Pnct ns tho thin end ot
tho wedgo. but about that Mr, Congdon would doubtless be ablo lo tell
them something.
order to further provo that the aim and
purposo of tho Opposition Wax to kill
tho principle of the bill, ho would
call attention to the words used by Mr
O'Donoghue, the Solicitor of tlio Trades and Lnbor Council .regarding the
bill ub Introduced uomo tlmo before,
the committee should rise, report progress nnd nsk leave to sit agnin; ho
had merely moved that tho committee
should rise, which meant tho killing
of tho bill, and In order to prove that
tn tie so, Mr. Fisher stated that Mr.
Verville right th-ere and then accused
the honorable member of trylntt to kill! and ngaln quoting from "Hanmrd" he
tht' bill, nnd stated In the Hotirc;
"Mr. Verville: I don't know why
I haven't as much right to bring In
a bill of thl« kind a* any other honorable gentleman of thia House. I
am atklnx anpport from both aides
, of the Iloone.    I wi»h to say further
thnt f dent' think It la fair and jta«t
proved that the aollcltor bad reported
to the Trades and Labor Council:
"While «he Opposition jeered at
the honenty ot purpose of Mr. Verville. It Is worthy of note Hint the
llonotable Mr. Horden (Under of
the Opposition) dirt not apedk In favor of the bll!,,f
That wasythe opinion of the Solicitor
of the.; Trades" and Labor ..Council.' iii
regard to;the. attitude of the" leader of
Mr.= Goodeve's party In respect to" the
bill.' But-Conservatlves^having failed
iokill th'eVbiiras it.'came"lntovcom-
mittee, .endeavored to talk it out. They
failed in that, for the Right^Ionorable
Premier, Sir' Wilfrid, Laurier,^- moved
that the cdHimittee rise and report progress, arid ask leave-to sit again. ■■'Aft-,
erthe Christmas vacation, in-order'to
show that the,'Opposition were still
opposing the'bill, Mr.' Fisher pointed
out that Air. Sharpo immediately'rose
and objected to., the bill-being proceeded with, because the members had not
got bnck from their "holiday.; -And
you wlirnotice,1 continued-Mr; Fisher,
ttyat Mr Sharpe again asked that7 the
bill should . stand over -. They -were
merely trying to kill the bill, as they
had been trying to do nil-along; but
tho Government tumbled to.the fact
that the' Opposition was, trying' to
switch Its ground, in order that they
might be able to come before the people and state, as Mr. Goodeve had
stated here the other nighty that thoy
were In favor of the "original bill, but
not in favor of the, bill as amended.
Well, theri; said tlie Right Honorable
Premier, of the Government, if you are
in favor of ■ the original bill, as you
state it is "very easy for you to restore it ("Hansard," page 1744), and he
(Sir Wilfrid) pointed out that the bill
had not been in committee more than
a;few minutes before the Conservative members had attempted to kill It,
and that man after man on the Opposition ^side had risen in his place and
either given the bill, a cold support
or damned it;wjth faint praise. „ Sir
^Wilfrid Laurier had also stated that
considered that the bill was too re-,
if the member,, son the Opposition side
stricted,,it was open to them,to pro:
pose that the, bill should go-further,
but certainly the principles contained
in it ought to be given effect to ("Han",
sard," page 1757.) Mr.' Verville also
saw that- the-opposition were • switching their ground. He had brought in
amendments < which he had pledged
himself on the.floor of the house^were
approved ,, by" all trade unions", ot
Montreal, ,n. arid most of those of
the " Province, v of Quebec. He'and
not.- the - Government was, intro
"ducing these-.amendments; amendments which,,.had been approved' by
these, unions, and he ,wished to • have
THFTiin^pSs^a^s-amendeuT^Dutrif
the Opposition were ,in favor of the
original bill,- and not in favor of' the
bill as amended, well, then, said Mr
Voryllle, if that is whaUyou want you
"can have the first bill introduced, and
if the^houseds willing, I will withdraw
the amendment and adhere to the original bill. -The'.bill, explained, Mr'
Fisher, was in the- amendment stage,
and it was necessary that the houso
should consent,to the withdrawal of
tho amendment." Mr. Vervlllo moved
right there hnd then to bring the' original bill- bnck and drop the' amendment, but upon the, Deputy Speaker
asking tho house if thoy would allow
the honorable gentlemnn to withdraw
tho amendment, the Opposition members-one after the other objected "to
this being done.and to mako any progress with the bill at- all it wns necessary- to put' it "through tho houso In
Ub amended state. You will, therefore, see, continued Mr. Fisher, that
Mr. Goodovo is not to bo trusted when
he holds up tho second bill and says
wo deprived It ot the konrnol. Mr.
Verville naked tho permission-of the
houso to bring bnck tho original bill,
and It was the Conservatives that prevented that first bill, from bolng
brought back and voted on. In stating on that platform thnt the government had taken tho kernel out^ of
tho bill, Mr, Goodeve had boon guilty
of unfair tactics, and If, said Mr. Fisher, wo show you gentlemen to-night
wherein Mr. Goodeve was guilty of
ten or twelve or fifteen misrepresentations, I will ask you to bollovo our
word that the actual circumstances In
connection with other matters wore
also misrepresented. In ordor to show
yon how things woro misrepresented
to you by Mr. Goodovo, said Mr. Fisher, I will quote from tho Froa Pi-orb
iiRaln, Tho Froo Press stilted that
Mr, Goodovo said—nnd tho Froo Press
get thlngu right, sometimes— that tlio
Government hnd reuewod tho humiliating Japnnoflo Trouty on tho samo terms
nB boforo. Now, the Government did
no such thing, nnd tho records In
"lTnnnnrd" of tho proceedings on the
floor of tho houso provo It. In "Han-
sard" wo have tho Japafteso Treaty
referred to, and ,tho only portion ot It
which was renewed wan Section G,
tho portion which does,not In ono Iota
refer to the question of Immigration.
The whole of tho remnlndor of tho
.TnpnnoBo Treaty which Mr. Goodovo
HintoB wns renewed by tho Government
on the same terms aB previously was
allowed to lapse. , T'»° leader of Mr.
Goodevo's party In tho house admitted
thnt tho treaty, as renewed, did not
refer to the question of immigration |
whatsoever. That portion of the
trenty relating to Immigration was
the most objectionable to the people
of tills province, and I wish to sny to
you, gentlemen, that the portion of
•he hwity renewed In confined entirely
to the question of tho customs tariff.
On u:i>ttt Oir.l ot "Uumtavd" the Honor
nhlo Mr. Fielding, in moving tho renewal of a portion of the treaty which
wn» expiring on the 1Mb day of Joly,
1911, anld:
treaty undoubtedly did j touch' the
. question of immigration, ^biit>*. when
7 oh the 17th of July, "that "treaty/ex-
, pires, there will be no "arrangement
of any kind, by,'liaw/6r''H8t'alute>7or
' treaty- of 'a legal' and 'binding char-
.  acter.-'wlth respect < to .Immigration
. from Japan.'. I. -.• --"v^.Vi-Vvt '":,"'
.• ,- '■ ''"--7 -■>■ -•'-" ,,-iJ1..{■•;,:V
■ Are .,you now .satisfied,',gentlemen,
that rwhnt Mr.- Gopdeve'' said'- was '""riot
true?;'If not,!' wish" to'call 'your' attention to page 9553 of ''Hansard',^ coin-
talnlng the remarks 'of Mr.' Gbodeve's
leader, Mr. R. it. Borden, because-when
the bill came to.be read a" third time
in the house Mi-. Borden roso In his
place and stated that before th<TbilI
was read'he would like to allude to
the fact that there had been a "great
deal of discussion upon tlie' very Important. questlonv of" Immigration,1 but
the bill Itself did .riot, make any reference to the question of immigration, and that so,far as'this country
was concerned, the fact that, the treaty
between Canada and Japan,' which
came Into, operation1 a fewyears ago,
would cease to have any effect or operation after the 17th of July, 1911;:left
It entirely open to Canada'to deal; with
that subject-as they thought' fit; so
far as tlie treaty was concerned.,v Mr.
Borden, further stated that,as the bill
itself did'not "deal In any way with
the-very Important question of Immigration1, he' could,-see no reason why
it should not pass,' arid'the bill was
accordingly read the third time and
passed. " According to,'the Free Press,
once - m i*&, ,- Mr.'"- <'. oodeve also - stated
that1 tho bill or'treaty, as'It'orlginnlly
s'o-1,1 teiore the 17ch of .T,uly, i'Jil
i'h'iu, as it stands Iio»v) was such thnt
.lieV- • IMons of tbo I'uui<gratinn Act
wero., over-ridden., That statement
was' challenged in the ' house. The
Honorable" Sydney Fisher stood up" ln
the house and toldj him (Mr. Goodeve)
w'lth the full' responsibility of the Government, that the Immigration Act
applied to the people of Japan as well
as to all other people as regards disabilities of any kind contained In that
act. v Mr. Goodeve had also been informed'in the house of instances where
the Government officials had, turned
back Japanese and '-refused , them
the right to'land in. this country, because they were not able to pass the
required medical-examination: . And
yet Mr. Goodeve had stood on"that
platform and stated that - Japanese
-CQUltLicomfi- into, this country without
they. wilLbelieve' it- because the Free
Press will.'publish;wbat',l say.''i .'(Laughter.) • But'we, are'not. going to be?
lieye'any such, clap trap,'-arid-1;Want
to'--say that '^Liberal "Party lri, British
Columbia" is-,just; as, anxious for .a
white B~. 6: a's;Mr.1Soodeve or the Honorable "Richard ,McBride-. himself.;," If
you'are in favor, of a white B.C you
must'reriiember that three years ago
they placarded Fernie-Riding and took
a large number of. votes on tlie cry of
"Goodeve and a' White B. C." and "if
Mr;' Goodeve's-party is.the only party
in1 the whole Dominion1 in favor of .a
white B. C. why has the leader of .that
party not used: that'"as one of tho
planka In, his platform? < HeiS. lnys
down ten things. for .which , he -,wlll
standi but we findynothlng whatever
about.lt.■'" But we,find a whole lot
of other things'that the Conservative
members of tlio various provinces have
asked < for and included' tn their platform. v We find that Mr. Borden declares himself ln favor of the encour-
agement-of*the.chilled meat industry,
and doubtless When the'policy was be;
lng framed, some of the Conservative
members of Ontario held up their
hands and said We Want you to put lri
the . platform something - about Free
Rural Mail Delivery; and one would
certainly, have: thought that the five
Conservative.members- from' B. C,
would'have said:'"kow, gentlemen, put
in.thereisomethlrig about a White B.C.
because,we have,been using that cry
in British Columbia, for the last five
or six years,'and they, won't, take us
seriously if we ^ don't: put It ln our
platform on this occasion.'!" That has
not been done; that, request was apparently not madeV'or'i'at last not acceded to, and-we can-.only'; assume
that the Conservative party .are riot
really very "serious with regard to the
question of tlie White B.' C.; after, all.
Arid are they really serious about ^he
Verville Bill? .Surely, ladles-and gentlemen, "an eiglit-hour'day law Is.as
Important,for-B. C. asFree Rural Mail
Delivery Is > for,", Ontario? And it
should also be just nsjmportant as the
about a white B. C.',, not ■ one \word
encouragement of the cbiilect meat industry. But the Ontario member puts
in-his little word for Free .Rural Mail
Delivery,- and gets what .he asks .for
/.rid the Alberta /and"' Saskatchewan
members puV'in their "little planks,
but the   solid   five from. B. C. could
being subject-to the'disabilities appli--.
cable to. the British subject, : If that
■were .true, why was. It.,that Mr. .Goodeve'did not rise in* his place'in the
house at that time and.dispute the
statement? Instead of ^doling so he
apparently'said to himself: "Oh, they
don't- know anything about that' in
Fernie—(laughter)—and I will "tell
them there that the treaty'as renewed
does this, and- that, and the other, and
not "succeed in ~ getting what they-so
andvthe -Japanese -Treaty bill; .when'7
thef ells'no "man can comeVqut'on* their.«
platform' and- say that;it contains'anyJ.
thlng7definitel'about Either an eight- -
hour'day "law. or ^a" "white B. C. ?■•-.". ,'-,_,
i think-1 am;justified fn"asklng'you'
tb.;believe-that'-Mr.'- Goodeve 'made ,t
statements "T; here" in^'regard:'-to^coke •
which, were riot .tru~e7:7-jAppai-eritly1;the   ,\
honorable gentleman\did.-*"riot \know'   "
very much about* coke, because he stat- Tc
ed -that-'-'-we had markets'; for .all.-the.,' •'
coke" we could produce, - and that we" 7
we're already .'getting"Into the .only7\„
markets that we could hope to reach'/.
on tho other side.-   When be said-that '7
he;dld riot know what he was.talking
about,"aridiif,^lhad~gone"th'rough}lheV' .'.
Pass before the 1st of April last, ;he ',-
could have seen-the grass growing ori 7
some of tlio coke ovens in this district.   \
Throughout-  the '-Crow's *Nest y Pass -«"
there, are-approximately , 1700 ■; coke "'""
ovens, with an average dally capacity '„."
of somo* 2500 tons:     At the" three
smelters at Granby, -.Greenwood , and
Grand Forks' there" Is only a market,"
for 1000 to 1200 tons per day.-and yet   -
Mr. .Goodeve owould, havo^you believe  (
that we haye" a, market at our ,very*,
doors.for the whole possible product -]
of our coke ovens,, . That was plainly,"-;:
a. "mla-statement, .as conslderingf our, ,/
possible production, there Is an aver-. £'
age of soriie 100 tol 1500 tons of coke- -
per day going, begging ifor other, than, j
a .home,market, ;,and It Is necessary 7
to "aerid, vthls ■ soiitlh,;  Mr.-Goodeve/,
would have,us;.belleve that our coke
Is. going, as "far, south aa' the freight" .'
rates would permit.-; , Cegundo coke ls r.
one of the keenest.competltors against" -
the coke from the Crow's .Nest Pass,
and yet the freight rates on coke from <7
Cegundo to'Butte-mfarkets are higher;
than,,the freight rates from1-Fernie!to"1 '"
Butte, and the reason- thoy are able,-'-
to take the market away from 'us ;Is .
that there ls a duty on our coke going ■
Into the United States.,of 85, to,90
cents'per ton.'    That Is quite BUffl-  '
dent toil give them the market, .be- ,:
"cause with the freight rate and the'f
duty we cannot sell our coke in the
markets of Butte.much' below' $9i25   ""
to $9.00. per; ton, whereas-""the' com-»
peting coke is sold from;$8J5vto $9!00 ~,
per ton,vlea.ving a margin, of from 25
to 50„cents per, ton in,. favor, of' the In.
competitor.   If' .we--do • away .'.with this-
duty, of 90 cents! a ton on coke, we" can "•
capture.that market wlthla^marglri. of. »
frotri 25" to -50 "cents- a" ton ,,the,'other   -
::1
v'"^> I
loudly proclaimed. ,' Perhaps,iri a still
small voice one of them said something about. putting. in' the*, platform
soriiething about a white B. C. or an
eight-hour bill, and,the .Opposition'cau-'
cus broke, up in - confusion, -Now,
ladies-and gentlemen, are,you going
to -take them so seriously that you
will accept their worse-than misleading statements against-the conduct1 of
the-Liberal Party on'the Verville .bill
a?;-
*■:
(
way. .Mr., Goodeve^cannot contradict^
that, statement; the^figures are"'there ,t
to'prove'It.-,. - * \."-°..7 ■'i , Y' -.'■''
Tho speaker then cIoshmI wltha* re-^V
ferenco to the cheapening effect of,the-'
proposed'pact on'the price of food,'
stuffs, calling attention; to, the fact'
that under the present tariff; Fernie "
alone was -paying Into the coffers of
'(Continued on page 3)
'We do not In tbe raaolntoin be-
torw tho llmtse touch on th« que*-
tlon of Immigration at all.    The old
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For DISTRICT LEDGER Readers
 '    ■ ' ■ __i«L_L ' '-•    ' '■ ' '   '> .,
.,' ■ , "    . "     '    ■ ,-
Spend   Your Money  with   These
General Merchants
*     TrltBB-Wpod Co.   '
Crows Neat Trading Co,
'   Philip Caroaolla
Weber's Store, Ltd.
Butchers
"41" Market Co,
Calgary Cattle Co,
Dairy
Fernie Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,
Klng'a Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
Royal Hotel, Netaon
Real Estate
C. E, Lyons
Joe Grafton li
Hardware ,
J. D, Quail
Trltes Wood .v
J. M. Aoriew A Co., Elko.
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton        ''
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of' Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
Home Bank      -  ,
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
f, . • "
Billiards and Pool
W. Ingram, Club Cigar Store,
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Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co,
P, Carosella.
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
     — >■ -■,' ■ ■•
Second Hand Store
O, Radland
When you're dry
Mutx Extra*
Livery & Cartage
George Barton
Professionals
DENTI8T0
Or. Wrlglcsworth ^
'. Dr. Bsrbsr
LAWYERS
Rose, McDonald and Lane
Ecketaln A MeTaggart
Lawe A Fisher .V-lV^-
FERNIE,- B. 0., SEPTEMBER 2/{19il,
/, i  yT**^'!
v .,   j-     -    •"•>«*r
i f^'--
B'l   "
H"
'   "-I
1
-• "/^(Continued from*page"2h£V* ■
ipttawa',;over,;;dne thousandTdoliars a
7c, V month,on,.food stuffs,coming iql ''-^ .
;,. ;\ :",Mr.JFisher'enlarged upon'his siubi
{';;.'.7Ject in'^a most eloquent;mariner,'and
7.V,-'lt IsVwltlf'a feelirigirOf"regret;that
„<-'■' - owing to .the demand, on our space we
;■- ? are-'compelled:to'exercise an,editor's
,;, - r"license to "abbreviate,. ;;His '."'remarks
'"." throughout "'were - frequently piinctuar-
', ed with-expressions of approvaljfrom
-his  hearers,  arid, at the .conclusion
the,-chairman called jUpon'-Mr.-F. T.
:; Gongdon,'K.C., of Dawson "City, Yukon.
-   to' address -the; gathering - 7    7'-'
;Jn ids.opening remarks; Mr. Cong-
7 don said; he had, for*tne last three
'.,, weeks had the honor and pleasure of
addressing audiences composed largely
.-■ ;of farmers In the Western and even ln
the Eastern- parts of Canada,. To-
night,;for ,tlie first time since leav:
ing his own constituency, he had the
opportunity of addressing an audience
composed of mining men, arid this to
, him was a source of great satisfaction,
inasmuch as he did not think there
was a man in tlie whole of Canada who
'had .addressed stormier or. pleasantor
meeting's of "mining men during the
-.last ten years than he himself had
.- done.     ,' ;      -'• '       ■ - -,' ... -' " »-' .
';'; It is iny boast, "said' Mr," Congdon,
that I am'on excellent terins'with the
.whole1 of the miners I have had the
pleasure of knowing. ln my constituency. "I had "the^ honor recently,- and
, It was cneof'jrhe pleasantest moments
iri iriy-life, ef recommending an agent
to; the'^government pt, Yukon, and it
flashed across my mind a.moment ago
• that that gentleman, until.a-few-years
-ago, was a'mirier working'lnthe'coal
mines of Nanaimo; and later went Into
the„Yuko.n territory.   ' I'■ think'that Is
"proof that,-at all events, in; the constituency in which I am specially-in-
terested  the .mining "interest -is wnot
i wholly ignored. ,..7 -,;-,-     -',.'."'-'   -,
I'am very "pleased, indeed,-to "see so
many ladies present here this evening.
I am inellried'-to agree tb .a certain
extent with a recent essayist, that'men,
•by reason-of their specializing, may
, possibly become, .clever' and; rmoire
.clever, but are,lessening that'wisdom
which* in- future .will belong' solely, to
," the ladies.,   THEY can NEVER spec-
' iallze. . They haveall the duties of a
' minister of'the Crown, and she has.to
handle ^ that old fellow,- • her - husband.
; She has *th'e handling of a- multitude
,.pf duties'arid the infinite" variety, of
her vocations alone is sufficient'to'en-
l  «..
T
it
the'.flahing" industry.: \~I -don't" suppose' the, ladies and-gentlemen^ present
are, deeply interested'"'or;;engaged :iif
flshingr but vdp.,, the .Atlantic-, and' the
Pacific;;' aridloLtne^great j lakes^inte'r;
vening,1 there'is a large populatlon.Vho
make their llvellhood^n that Industry.
Where do you>firid the great market
for .'fish?; Undoubtedly; in the/United
States',-, with its iiopulatioi. "of ■ • over
ninety, million- people:. if you go' into
the Province of-Nova'Scotia ybu'can
travel .directly a distance - of. twenty-
five,miles' wlifere! you will not find a
house where there is not some member
of the family-who Is.fishing income
of the American ports.'"!'And 'what
is-"the-reason?" Simply'because if
he were to fish in Canadian waters
he would be -compelled' to^ take his
produce to the United States, and ho
could,not take ltjrito the United States .without'paying duty., ■ In order to
avoid that..duty, thousands of fishermen of the.Domniion fish' out.of American ports, and will not fish out of
^aS^ters^ -There   are • also
.-flow her with"wisdom.''"."  -    '. .  ~""
,,.,.,' Continuing, Mr.Coiigdoii.evoked the
'" applause of his audl=> i-s by i-;s, iy'"r.
.   '--uicii of a'-witly ah-f-apf poetic ex-.
tract relating to .Father 'Adam's first
sleep, ..which "owing to' the 're3ult-eiid-
■Ing in tho debut of- Mother Evo, was
cynically described in the stanza-as
i ".his; last repose." With this,' how-
ever; ho. did- not concur,, arid  cited
,. tho potent influence which good' wo-
-• men nt all times possessed-in the'gen-
, oral affairs of mankind.  .'Man, he said,
was^ such  a lazy, hulking chnracter
that God nlone knew what would become of him If It were not for the
1 Btlriiulntlng Influenco of a good woman.
There was no' reason, to his mind, why
. womon should not attend meetings of
that character. Wo have, ln Canada,
a syatem of oducatibn which not only
. onnbles womon to obtain the Education
of our common schools, but also of
bur high schools nnd universities, and
' thoro Is no.reason that I can coneolvo,
, said Mr. Congdon, why womon should
not mnko themselves fnmllinr with this
gront public question, in which thoy
, nro bo deeply interested., I havo boon
naked repeatedly If I nm ln favor of,
women's suffrngo. I scarcely know
whether I am or not. I don't feel in-
cllnod to' dostroy all thoso boautlful
Images with which tho womon havo
*■ boon asBoclnted In the past, and when I
look tho other wny 1 fool that undoubtedly the-bettor plan in to leave the
mritter entirely to the wIbo Judgment
of tho good women themselves.
Now, wo aro all Jurymen of this
practically abbiished'by,'tie increaie of
the" American tariff ■. from •■" Sfffoentsra
bushel.' " . , . ";7.".:.7-/7.\ ;'-L
-. One of the most-surprising*-things
is'that you find the Americans,;and I
refer ^you to the* report-presented'to
Congress by' Mr,.Taft, realizing": the
greatness,of this country; arid the wori-
derful character of"itsYresburces,.and
on the other hand you find, people opposed to this pact going'from ond-end
of the country"^ tlie'other "belittling
Its 'resources. Now. you have -two
very strange arguments raised, 7 This
is the,,very first time,, in "the history"
of tbe tiWbrld. where any ? nation, has
ben asked to register a protest against
a tax being abolished,,or decreased
by any other nation in "order to"'give
them access ,s to that other nations
markets; but you:find quite a.large
number of people ln the Dominion of
Canada protesting against the United
States_ lowering their.tariff against us.
in the, lil«lorv'of the world you c-.n
point to rabid iwars„between; nations
> x ■ —_^—-^^ . _^_,oec3f* onc -of .them .had raised  a
thousands in  your own^pr5^nce!^pIrirf>dlI against the other, out   you
thA-Piininn PnocV      *„^ „i.-„» ,...,1 v« c|jn flnd no record ln ijlstory ol nn^
protest against the'lowering of such
wails. It is a ridiculous argument to
say that it is a disadvantage to, us
to be able to take our grain into the
United States without taxation,-where-'
as^at the present time we are compelled to pay a tax.- - You will remember,'; some ofyou^a-'story.of thos^ old'
carriers who packed themselves across
the Ahdees,, and protested against th'e
construction of a- railroad across be-'
cause.if was'!-hindering their' trade.
It seems to.me that,the argument put-
up-by the great railway interests-is
riot unlike'that of the„basket carriers.
Whoever heard 'before^that the trade
of a country should be regulated to
suif-theJtransportation companies of
the country. , My idea lias been the
opposite," and I never yet heard of the
trade of a' country being limited and
kept within-; bounds' for the • sake of
benefiting a few transportation companies in the country;. And yet that
is one of the arguments put forward
.today.'. We are'told that if this agreement, goes .Into effect jtv will injure
the traffic • East arid West; that you
will find the .railway companies pulling up.'their'tracks'and laying'them
North and South., ,1 ask;yb'u, gentle-
men,'not td^anticipate anything of
.that kind. .Do you remember "a few
years ago when the great discussion
took place in .Manitoba- in connection
PAGE   THREE
7U
country. A witty American author
has said that the Jury has tho cussed-
hobs of one man multiplied, by twelve,
so what, Mr, Chairman nnd gentlomen,
shall wo Bay of this great tJury which
Is nssomblod from tho Atlantic to tho
Pacific, and from tho Pacific to tho
Arctic Oconn? , It embracea men of
every class of nooloty, every degreo
of woalth and poverty, men of every
degree of Intolllgonce, ctmraotor, skill
nnd enterprise.; but I think wo all
must realleo that in exorcising our
function* on Hint Jury, wo aro nil,
however humbly, otorclalng our potent,
power ns much ns tho wealthiest man
In tho land, nnd It la man's duty to
exercise that power Intelligently, For
the pnat forly-flvo years tho relations
of Canada with tho United States can
nptly bo dosorlbod ns n "Reciprocity of
country could go Into Mi* United fltn.t.
or without mooting tho hontllo tnriff;
and during thia, fivo nnd forty years
no J>. duct of the United States could
come Ihto <V^ country, no matter bow
much they were reqnlred bv th* n«*«-
plo of Canada, without mooting on adverse tariff. Today wo havo to do-
cldo whothor that reciprocity or disadvantages shall continue, or whether wo
shall heretofore endeavor to trade with
ojjr neighbors on terms of "reciprocity
ot advantasoH," i,
Let us consider how this question ef-
fuel* the various interests of thia roun-
try. r do not tbtnk^Mr. Chairman,
that tbe ladles and gentlemen here
will require me to confine myself to
ml.ilng Ipterosts, or tho Interests tn
which they are directly engaged In.
and t pioiiuw* to go ftultaf and ttatl
also with thoso questions which Involve tbe other largo Interests of Canada. Let me speak for on/ moment of
the Pacific Coasl.' And ^yhat will be
the effect of this „ great •'.* reciprocity
treatyv?' It'will'enable men to build
their own schooners,. fish. for themselves and . take - their catches , into
the markets, of America on exactly the
same terins.as-the.;Amerlcaris In their
own ports: ,-,Is that;not- an advantage to the fishermen'-of .the Dominion of Canada?'' And'that'is one of
the terms .'of'this treaty which you are
asked to ratify today." But perhaps
I am,riot!quite correct iri stating"that
you. are asked to'support'.this as .a'
treaty; it Is merely a pact made between Uhe' Secretary, of 'the- United
States and^ Messrs. Fielding, and Patterson for the Dominion according to
certain schedules, and' that agreement
does not take effect until ratified by.
Congress and.Senate , of the .United
Statos ,as it already has been; and by
a poll'of the Dominion",of, Canada', and
ono of tltf terms, of ithat pact Is'that
either party./at any .time,- can. terminate the treaty. The' chief part of
vthat treaty refers to natural productions,, and they shall pass from Canada
to the United , States free; of duty,
and "likewise*1 free of i duty from the
United States into Canada.!
Then there' is a-second '"schedule,
(Schedule1 B)' which provides with re-
-spect to.'.a larger list bf,*articlcs,tha!n
tlibse enumerated in !*he' first' schedule
which I havo already referred to/This
.Cr»1lA/111 La^nwiirfrljfta--flinl-- <-1iaiui^a1ia11 I*—.1.
uwuWi»u»v-|;nJ i luva-tuBinu^i c 'ouaii^uc
the same tariff'in the .United'States
in- respect to the production of Canada
as there, shall be ,in Canada on. the
productions" of the United States! I
cannot think of anything fairer than
that; the first .schedule, giving absolutely free trade practically embraces all
tho "articles Included in'the reciprocity
treaty of 3854 to I860, and theksecond
schedule goes a little further.'and reduces tho/arlff on certain articles ln
both cases.       ° , ■   '"   7, -
. Tho great complain against the tariff legislation In the United States
in tho past was that it was very much
higher than our own. : That ls removed nt once,, because this, second
schodulo provides that tho tariff shall
bo Identically .the same ln the United
States for Canadian products ns ln
Canada for tho products of tho United
States.
Schedule C. and D. do not call for
many remarks, C. provides that tho
United States shall fix n certain duty
on certain things; thoro ls- nothing
In it nbout Canada at all. This' ls
offsot by schedule, D.,'whl(Jh requires
Canada to" fix a schedule,' and does
not bind the United Statos. .So it
will readily bo aeon that Schedule C
and Schedule D offsot onch other,
In the list of things thnt are to bo
free between the two ccJuntrloB Ib tho
quoBtlon of flnh that I havo referred to;
and I may also refer to another Item.
Heretofore a Inrgo pnrt of tho lumbor
going Into tho United Stntos hnd to
pay duty, whereas the duty on certain classes of lumber coming into
thlfl country from the United Stntos
enmo In froo. Tlio Conservative Go-
yommont In power before 1890 took
off tho duty on thin dnss of goods' for
benefit of the fnrmors on tlio Pralrlo,
who found a difficulty In getting lumbor; nt tho Bamo tlmo tho United States loft tholr duty on thoso articles, and
this now treaty provides that tho United StatoR ulmll admit them free, and
also thnt It shnll furthor reduce tho
tnxoB on n great mnny thlnga from
$1.50 per thousand down.
Could nnyone dispute for a momont
that free trndo In fish Ih an advantage to Canada, mid not to the United
StnteH when It enabloa ns to tako our
fifth to tho largest mnrkot In the world
where wo can got the best possible
prices? It onnblos tho fisherman to
tnk* 'ovor thMr ftpb Mt\ tbn TTt\WM
Stntos without, tho nxpenae of ouv.
Ing nnd sorting them, nnd can nnyono
doubt that Is for the benefit of tbo
people of Canada? Can anyone doubt
thnt It Is for tho benefit of tho people of Canada that It provides for <h*
free admission of lumbor into tbo
United Statos, which, since 1854 ha*
been admitted froo Into, Canada? Can
nnyono! doubt that that Is an advnn-
tago to tho lumbering Intel-oat* on this
sldo of the lino?
Take another matter." the matter of
grains, When you consider the subject you will find that for many years
past the farmers In tbo United States,
Minneapolis and other places, bar*
been receiving a higher price for I heir
k'taln than the .farmers of tho West
have been receiving. You find for-
tW thnt Uk» barley trade, fornwrty
one of tho great trades of Canada, on
which a large porllon of tho agricultural trade of Ontario was btillt, w»*
^iiuTine-aaYent-mt"o-\viniiipelrW^Ke"
American'., lines'.' The .Canadian Pacific Hallway at that time had a/mono-,
poly and they opposed the construction
of .that railway "going sorith and going
Into the ■'American ' markets, and" it
was only by the sturdy Independence
of the citrons of Manitoba that the
road was constructed. , At that Uic.o
the C. P. It. and other'" monopolists
■who,were opposed to the construction
of that i-oad complained that it would
divert the trade from East, to We3t,-
and cause it to go North and South.
What has been the effect? The build
irig up of' all Winnipeg, and of tr,e
0. P. R., the Grnnd Trunk Pnclflc and
.the'. Canadian Northern. ■ These railway companies themselves are now
lullding their linos North nnd Sourh,
their boats aro on tho Atlantic and Hie
I'nclf.'c, and still wo nro told that when
wo lake down obstacles to' the trade
wp are going to ruin thoso lines Eii3t
and. WcBt, . '.If there is anything in
<Jidt, why did thoy build ,tho', linos
North and South? So long as mil-
roods are necoRsnry nnd nro opening
up now icountry, so long' do wo want
them; nnd'so long ns wo'orb doing
away wlth-obstructlons to their trnlflo
wo nro instituting something of benefit to tho pooplo whoso goods they,
carry. No ono wishes thnt tho fnrmors of tho WeBt should bo nt tho mercy
of tho markets ofWInnipo'g when they
chn got nn nddltionnl mnrkot, Tho
Winnipeg markets nro still open.,to
the formers and In nddlHon ho hns
got tho 'markets of tho South,
, At this point Mr, Congdon touched
on tho question ofbarloy, which \va«,
ho suld, a trade In which,the whole
of tho West, was Interested, Tie-
ports showed thnt Mnnltobn and Snn-
ltntchewnn wore tho host, districts In
Cnnada for bnrloy, find thnt for certain
reasons tho barley product In the, Stntos wns falling off, Inasmuch oh thoy are
unnblo to produce tho bnrloy which
thoy had. previously boon acoiiBtomod
to produce, nnd a hirge portion of It
wbb only fit for feed. It hnd been said
that the mnrkot could bo nmply supplied by Manitoba and Saskatchewan,
nnd yot It hnd boon stated thnt tlmno
provinces wero unnblo to produco bar-
loy fit for tho United 8tatos.
With regnrd to tho fruit Industry.
Mr, Congdon nnld: I hnvo tho proud
dlnllnctlon or having been born !»i ono
k» (1,..   r.,.. nt    »..,,!(   .,,,..'.        t  f. , .
i->    ...V   l). .. -■.   •» ...»   .Wf>*V-*WW*   C.M.A..,.  .....4
thmifh it wny pc-rhnpn Vc tW tn the
aware that the fruit .lands' from which
those* apples wereVprdduced is, much
cheaper, than' the .fruit" land to" the
South,-and while'at that, time,more
than one In-Vancouver told me that
the products of those lands werei riot
coiriparable with tho. fruit of B. C, yet
certain Conservative gentlemen opposed to reciprocity'tell us that the fruit
of B. C, produced on larid of low price;
cannot compete with the fruit "of the
other side, grown dri land of high price.
I'don't think.* this pact would; injure
the fruit,industry of B.C... in fact I
believe "it would give it an enormous
impetus.     We„wil! certainly get our
apples cheaper, arid that is a desirable
thing for-those "who do not produce
apples' themselves.   , The Fruit Growers of. the Annapolis Valley are not
opposed to this pact.   A little while
ago there was ,some ' objection, from
the members of-this industry in Niagara, but" I am happy to say it is now
passing" away.     There product is   of
exceptional quality, and they realize
that It Is only, necessary for It to
become" known on the markets of New
York and" the wprld to give it a demand unequalled in any other fruit
region.    The authorities all along can
see that they will be benfited by this
treaty, and.that' it is fair' and' just.
There.is another argument put up
by the gentlemen opposed to this pact
by a /ery sentimental phrase, "The
conservation of our, natural resources."
TVe have in Canada', magnificent natural resources.':-You can turn in any
direction, from' 'Atlantic to the Pacific, and you-can'.-find some natural
"product of this' country ,that can ,be
deveolpeir and; marketed  and' placed
lri'competition with the products of the
world, and. these are the industries we
ought-to* compete in:  "But," says Mr.
Eorden.'"let us consider the coal trade.'
Mr. Borden is very'solitious about the
coal trade;of Canada, and in "a speech
in the House of Commons, Mr. Borden
pointed out',  .that the United States
were, running short'of coal.    I think
he only'allowed-them enough-to last
them' about 50 years.     Now, anyrne
itiat knows anything at all about- coai
.mows that there is sufficient conl to
allowprofitsfdr 500 years to come:   If
I remember rightly, Mr. Chairman; fo
fir" back as 1842 those dismal ger.lo."
gists1, of Great Britain predicted that
(.he supply of"coal"in Great Britain
wvild rot last-ariothor ,r-0" years.-     I
also knew that in 1S0G a commission
a, p'nted to ..investigate the amount of-
conl' in   Great- Britain  "pr-rled  that
■l.-.re wns enopugh co-al in Great !-:ii?T
air. m. tlio present rate of> production
-- .v.1 ici; was-considerably hi^ner than
il -ftgyCin 42—to'last 40") o- noil w.i.j^.
v>-ow.,let .lis .turn to Canadv „ Mr.
Borden c'oubts very.niu-.'i whether we
ought to. sell coal to the United States.
Ho thinks Two ought to hang around
our coal mines, and say wo will not
touch our, coal until some manufacturer- come ''along and establishes an
Industry and them we will supply him.
As though manufacturing ' industries
were erected that way. Are they
not rather erected by big coal industries which produce coal cheaply, and
can furnish them with chenp coal
and thus enable them to carry on a
successful business. Who ever heard
of such a thing as waiting with the
coal mines until you had a factory
to use it? Mr. Borden knows-that
wo have about* 174 billion tons of
coal in-Cannda, and that at-the present rate of consumption it will take
us some 13 or 14 thoiisnnd years touao
up the coal ln sight. As that is the
condition'of nffnirs, don't you think
wo'can afford a little of our coal to
our neighbors in the South in order to
keep them worm In winter nnd cook
their potatoes now and ngnln? I
think tho fionalble thing Ib to keep nn
digging It out. You nro not digging
It and sending it to the United Stntos
for nothing; you nro gotting money
for it, Wo nil know that In a very
fow yeni-B conl will not bo as valuable
as it Is now. Wo know thnt It will
not* bo, or mny not bo, long boforo
tho methods of lining conl—on trnlns,
for liiBtnnco—may, by invention, ho
bo Improved that a groat portion of tho
present day consumption will bn Hnved
No one con toll when wo will hnrnoBB
the wind or tho tldcB.or oven bring Into
hnrnoHB tho Rolnr rnys, nnd I nny to
tho pooplo of this country: "Dig out
your coo1;,bo11 It and get the money
In your pockets n« quickly as you
can." Thnt Ib tho policy In regard
to tho conservation of coal which will
moot with the approval of tho pooplo or
(his country,
Let "ma mention jimt ono thing which
wns i-oforred to by Mr. FlHhor—Coko,
I can only refer lo this thing briefly.
Hut not only will this reclprocltytrenty
abolish tho duty on'coko going Into
tho United StntoH, nnd give those soaking it a hotter opportunity to buy it,
but It will enable the manufacturer*)
on this .side to extend their area nnd
sell tho product, of the mines na for
Bouth ns nut to City, That would bo
ot enormous oencnt to ovory man IIv-
hit, lit l..\lt> luiitiiuiiifO, iiu nutter wlie-
oats,- and that in potatoes, and so on.
The'trouble is you can^ never find-a
government in this or any- other country that, has "one thousandth part of
,the; intelligence of -the people engaged ;_iri the different industries, and'
interference of that kind'only tends
to suppress that intelligence, that- Ingenuity, that skill by artificial authority that knows , nothing about it." I
think that",'is a very fine illustration
of the policy of those "opposed to it.
of the policy of those opposed to it.
Those who are in favor of it say you
trust the farmer, you can" trust the
iiiper, and you can. trust everybody
else; arid the other say; "No; you
must feed the barley to the hogs."
Now,, for the first time iri the history of Canada, we propose to enter
into a treaty with the United States,
and there are lots of poor, humble
Conservatives wondering whether they
will be able to do a little trade. What
Is the fact In regard vto that. In 1896,
when the present government came
into power, the foreign trade was only
225 millions. The total foreign trade
of Canada last year was 800 millions,
and 404 million dollars of that trade
was between-Canada and'the United
States of "America. Now, we have
been trading with Jonothan for a long
time. We have found that this poor
"Cannuk" is not such a simple individual as some people Imagine, and that
he can hold his own in any market
and any industry in the world. "But,"
they say, "this is going to lead-to, an-;
nexation!" Why," Mr. Chairman; when
these gentlemen are as old in political
life as I am, in' Canada, they will
know that there-is a certain portion of
the population • of. Canada who have
got what-may be described as "loyalty .colic." They get quite .distressed
over/this,loyalty idea, and come before
intelligent Canadian-audiences with remarks about loyalty which" it would
be absurd to address to an audience
of school boys.
Continuing iri this strain, I^r. Congdon-recounted to his hearers the story
of an-individual of this "loyalty colic"
class who had waved the old flag before^ a. gathering of boys and talked
lo Ihem" of loyalty, and the boys had
hung their heads in shame tb think
that any man should deem it necessary, tb '.wave the flag before them.
Here the speaker drew the inference
that it was an~ insult' to loyal citizens
of the enlpire to,talk to them-of loyalty, arid';be -forever, figurativelly wav-.
,ing the.flag before •'them. He saw before him. in that audience, as he had
seen in audiences from "the Atlantic to
the Pacific, men descended from sires
who fought bravely during thoL_waii
fnct thnt T have eaten npplon In my Wr Iw l« a mlwor or wlmt Mi bualnew
youth, I havo nover been able to get
Is.    Hut theeo gentlemen carry their
over tho ImprcsBlon that the world I conservation so f.ir (lint Mr, Drodonu,
does not grow such  apples as nre v,.Jl0 WM tn]k<!(1 of ng tho MIl)Iator of
tended the applo show In Vancouver
last fall, and If you take n certain
variety of tho apples of rtrltlsh Columbia I don't think they can be equalled.
Continuing, Mr. Congdon remarked
that certain of the fruit of British Cot-
nmbla had received a bad name In
the past, but coming to tbe modem
product—tbe product of the beat or-
ehards in n. C—It was no exaggeration to aay that it could not be surpassed In the civilized world.
Those of you who bad tbe plpawre
of being present at that apple show
jV^ii lv.rt»VUTW   Mil   Un;   UH-M   01   tiWn   H
mlBfortune as Mr, Borden coming Into
powor during Iho next century), Mr,
nrodenu bad nctunlly Intimated that
tho farmers should bo prevented from
selling their barley. He said it was
Mter to alv<» If \u the hogii. Th*re
wns nh Englishman there, and he said:
"I w/int to at<\\ It In tlin fall «nd have
a good lime In the winter, and you
want mo to keep hogs and feed It to
them." That ia tho distinction bet<
ween Liberal and Conservative policy
on «urh matter*. The Liberal policy
aava you can trtiat tho farmer tn Tt*tt
will agree with mo Ibat a finer show j tlur hoga, or sell hla product accord*
of nppla* baa never been **m In tho lng fo hla notions; nnd on the other
civilized world than those shown In j hand ,rou have leglalature that says
that exhibition in Vancouver.   We are j to ihc- farmer you mnat put that In
of 1812' and 1815,.and yet according
to-'the Ideas of such people they could
not selL their,products to'their neighbors without sacrificlhg their loyalty;
It reminded him of the .absurd loyalty
of the individual who was said to have
packed'hls wheat on his back and taken If across, to the old country. "I
have come to you with my" wheat," had
said this poor patriot' "True, I could
have got "a better price for it a little
further'South,- but my loyalty forbids
me, and I have come over all this long
way' In order that you may purchase
It"       '■ A   ■
"Why do, you minors not do • tho
same thing'?' continued Mr. Congdon,
"Don't tako your conl to tho South,
but put it on your backs nnd take It
to Newcastle and see if they will not
commend you for your loyalty. I wonder what John Bull would say to that.
Woufd ho not say to the authorities,
"Just see which is tho .nearest lunatic asylum," What does Great Britain do with her wheat Last year
sho produced over 00 millions of bushels of wheat What did sho do with
It. . Was she ro loynl Unit she would
only sell It to Englishmen nnd Irishmen and Scotchmen? No; sho sold it
to the foreigner. And that is our
policy. If wo can sell our wheat to
John Hull nnd get a good price for It,
wo will sell It to him: but. If Jonathan
offors ub a bettor prlre, wo will sell It
to him,  ,
I think nothing shows tho nhsurdtty
of tho arguments of tho Opposition better thnn thia. I don't think thoro in
nnyono in UiIb country who would ro-
fiiso to sell his fnrm to n good American If ho could got n good prlco for
It It In nil right for you to boII the
form, but If you bcII tho bnrloy you are
disloyal, " Tho pooplo of this country
aro llrltlah still. It In one or the
pleasing things tn history to mo; one
of the things that mnken mo proud
nf being Ilrlllsh origin, that novor yot
hits n llrltlah Colony, defended by Brit-
IhIi subjoclH, boon conqiiored by a for-
olgnor, nnd yet wo nro told that we
nro so wonk and feeble, we, who are
filled with people of British blood and
other good blood from tbo Atlnntlo to
the Pacific, thnt wo cannot trade with
tlio Amorlt'nns'wlthotit sacrificing our
uiitlounl independence I I think It la
wise (o look a llltlo at tho history1.
What has been tho history of Great
iilM.HH.       IIU* Ut> KKJBlHllOll ttwll Of n
;y..',!jJt Iiu- ibuxmIn H 1! juu »w.a!..V
the hiwtnry of lhat groat emplto I
think you muat come to thu conclusion,
whether you regard It In Its polttlrnl
or commercial nspwt.' that the great
.^^,.-s>,.     b,,»,     .»S»»U|,.,»    k.»<J.v     ittitkA    l^.'u,. i'iVmA
empire to which wo belong will survive longer than nny empire tho world
has ever known springs from tho fnrt
thnt its haute principle Is freedom. In
tli** older days colonics were looked
upon morely as means of obtaining
wi'fillh for tbo iiioIIht country, and It
remnlned for Great Itrltnln to dlwover
Hint, the wine manner In which to govern her colonic* nnd build up a (treat
empire was to let thorn govern them-
selves. The old governments rcaerv-
ed (heir franrhlaft to their own citlr/-n«
but Great Britain granted h«r franchise to nil the counfrlca settled by
her, nnd all the ronntrlea conqnoivd hy
her, nnd this. I submit lo you ahowa
j (Continued on page 7)
QUARTERLY   DIVIDEND   NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that a, dividend at the rate of six per cent per an-
"num upon the paid up capital stock'
of the. Home Bank of Canada has been
- declared for the-three months' ending
31st August, 1911, and the, same will
be payable at its Head Office and
Branches bn and after Friday, 1st September next.
The transfer books will be closed
from the 17th to the 31st'August, both
days Inclusive.
"" By order of the board,
'/IAMBS MASON.
General Manager.
Toronto, July 19th, 1911. ■
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
■ i H
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets  40,000,000'
The Bank of Hamilton has made
saving simpleT-by ellminatin gall unnecessary Bank formality.
An account may be opened with the
, deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act as an incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to. a sum. worth - while. ,
J. R. LAWRIE
■ ^     .    ""    ,
1 Agent
Head Office:"
HAMILTON
*\
■<r
Date will be announced'
3
later—so' watcli  f'o/ it!   tj
\ , Visiting the entire district
See before you buy. Write
me for full particulars.
it ,, i,
Dig' in, the ground'"for a
livelihood, you'll be, under
soon enough ! Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
; and provide a competence
for old ago. ,v
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared. Burton
City, well located and water
Joe Grafton
Fernie
*.*<*/* «S£SAUait/     t\Ut/tsO    JLSV<L>iy     JL/CJiy
|}HMilU*».~
MAMMOTH   NIGHT   5PI3CTACLK
"Pioneer Days  In the Palouse
5123,000 Will  lie Spent  on Thin Exhl-  ' 1        i
bltlon 1     .j
K£l>UCiil> RAILWAY RATES
Creatly Increased Prices
Many New Cliitet, Open to Ail
tl'iilt  I'nr  frtiuium   I.W nml /*K/y  frmjrnm
217  Hutton  Block,
SPOKANE,
WASH.
*»
aa-
—■*'—MMMIHUlll
*iMMim""M"
'--.^"---'^riririmnBiiiihaii^iiiiiittiiHMilifMirtfalilMjtiftiMiitM OM^Sftiv
PAGE POUR
THE DISTRICT IJBDGEE,^aRNrJB,.B. O^^EPTEMBER 2,19il.
,£>■
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
■ - - i~'' • '//■'"'1;      ,    -.-.-'■-.'.       ..'",'.
Pellat Avenue,"Fernie, B7C.   Subscription $1:00
per year in advance.    An excellent, advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-.
fertising rates on application. Up^to-date facilities
for ,the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work! • Mail orders .receive special, attention.-
Address all communications to-The District Ledger.
-   1 -   «. J. W. BENNETT, Editoi*.
Telephone No. 48. >.    ' r  Postoffice Box No. 380
A "MILK TICKET!' MORAL.
„Q*EVE^AL years ago there was a dearth of cur-
„*^ reuey in the United States in circulation, and
as a medium of exchange clearing house certificates
were issued,by the various banking institutions in
order to meet the requirements of business.  "
ft  Tlie .employees of banks were often kept very
-  busy explaining the reasons for this departure from
the usual.custom, more especially was this'so with
people unacquainted    with , commercial matters,
which circumstances, coupled with the limited know
, ledge of the English language of many of the foreign residents in the ,U. S. taxed the mental' ingenuity of bank clerks to its limit. '   There is a
.   good story told of the case of ;a German who
lonkTnot be convinced that all; was right ;.when,
finally in' desperation the teller said "Let's,"go'
and see the Manager,""ushering-the puzzled Teuton into the presence of the chief.  /-After, explaining that he had failed to prove tb the deposi-
.  tors' satisfaction that the clearing house paper was
just as good as money he left the room. , '' '_■•'' ■'-,,,
The manager wresteled with the problem using all
the arguments that had already been tried uporrthe
German, the ,latter sitting  quietly, in his''chair-
meanwhile without showing by ,his facial expression
any sign' of,understanding.until at last the mana-i
' ger loth-to give up and acknowledge defeat took!a
• new tack and had otily^ proceeded a few'minutes
when" he noted"a smile overspread the countenance
of his perplexed .visitor, and quick to take advantage
of the belief that ,;he had succeeded in impressing
. him'said:    '■   -.'7     7vj  .
"Now, my friend', you'can understand the situa-
lion, don't you?'.'-  To which the German laughed
veriest insignificance to the working class compared
to their pressing needs of food and. clothing, and
/shelter and other essentials ,to"!that^ degree- of "ciyir,.
lization which * should be;the ^common heritage - of.-
:'every human being'/ these, however,-they> cannot
Expect to obtain through the medium of, either- of
tlie old political parties, no matter how- well,inten-"
tioned and sympathetic individual members may be.
This many of the workers fully realize, hence'their'
reasons for lending a "deaf ear to the , plausible
-though fallacious stories told from political plat-,
forms and the determination that inasmuch as such
is the ease; their"slogan is! "He who would be free'
must, himself first strike the blow" to accomplish
which they organize on both the industrial' and
political field, ignoring racial distinctions;- geographical limitations or ethical relations, thereby
following the advice of tho.philosopher-Karl Marx
"Workers of the world unite, you have'nothing to
lose but-your chains (Ignorance and Poverty with
all their concomitant evils) but you have-'a world
to gain.'r      '        ' . -'   v   \
WHEN IS A LAW NOT A LAW?
F' OREIGN laborers have been admitted into the
province-of B.-C, according to a despatch to
the Nelson News under date of August 29. This is
with7'the approval of and under orders from "W.
D. Scott, immigration superintendent at Ottawa. -
The only reasofh for this suspension- of the Alien
Labor Laws" was compliance with the .desires of
railroad corporations regardless of the fact that
there were several .thousand men out of work when
tlie order of waiver was issued.   ,
f\Vho says how'that governments are not1 merely
committees to do the bidding'of the ruling .class;'Incidentally we1 note.that-when the prosecution was
under taken? W.' R. Ross was-f'Acting Attorney
' -Veral'"'of tlie, province.' We. call attention to
this fact,for reasons which'may bedisclos'ed later.- .
- As this "abrogation,, is- done !by the government
at-Ottawa doubtless it will be well exploited by
the'opposition for partizan",purposes, who will
.profess righteous indignation at the iniquity of
the Liberals. <• ■ <, ,  '   "
how-about   "beams"   and
" Quite correct
"motes" ■ \- <
but
~vi£-r- ■*$•''■
'V- -
...'.--f-C
S'.-j
■■;: S!R;EDMUND WALKER, CV.OtfLfclD., D;atii\PR#DEW 7
*'*':/£•'.'. ALEXANDER^UlRD.-yGENERAL-'MAHAdEk.^V-, >%<£& 1    ;,"-7^, <-lj,'t
-CAPITAX^io^bOQ- ■ '■>:■   ^^RE5i;^  mfiQOJm^};': - J
7 :DRAFT^=qW^REIGN^
- Every branch of The Canadian Bank.'of. Commerce is equipped to* issue1 drafts on .
' the m-incipal cities in the foilo wing-eoantriea without delay: .*,-,",'.-',' ';i\'At-' • ~
,' X -vXfitca { -  .-.',-'!'.Creto.-- " -■   "':   'Greece^   "   ,       , NewSJedwd'*}-"SSbeifa^v V-" ...
'Arabia •   .;--        Cuba. ',„      -'■   , \-Holland-■-,--   - .Norway   -    -><'; .. Soudan •'   s,"    - , ,
' -? --Argentine Republic Denmark = ' -: - Iceland'  ,- Panama   • ■   South Africa   .""'
'''.'Australia'-, ■',,. ,E(typt \ ..v .--■ .'.India •,,, " . a"- Penria •'■'■ "■ '. Spain- . .".--. '\-
,.' ' "Austria-HunB»rjr..iFaroeI«l»Bd»l .- /.Ireland -_ ....','Peru-'.^- • '' 'StraitiSettltmenta;.
';'    Belgium-   v.-     ^.Finland        .- ".   Italy.    ',,"»'.• "    Philipptne Iilandi, Sweden ' -    '■
'; , _ Brazil _..■."-■,'• .Formosa \t ■•"      Japan .,--Portugal -. ",i        Switzerland,      ,.\.
'J   'Bulgaria   -,       --France - Java Roumania',.    .'.'-Turkey   *-..   '-   -
'-;-'.'Ceyr»n    ''- ■,    . tVdi Cochin China Malta' .", "-        Russia'-v,    1a;-^ -United State* -. '   -%,
,-'vChili  -ll*,-  ".'-'Germany    ..      - Manchuria"    ',,. • Senna""     ..^."-Uruguay  .     h "
.'. China '■. ,       . ;, Great Britain ,..     Mexico , ', Siam ,  ..      ,       West Indies, etc. -
-' The amount of these drafts is stated in the money of the country where they are pay* ■'
able; that,is they are drawn in'sterling, francs, marks, lire, kronen,1 florins,1 yen, 7
taels, roubles, etc, as the case may be.   This ensures that the payee abroad will.
receive the actual amount intended. - -'-   A233
'vFERNIE BRANCH i'.-v--'    *v     '.      '■ -, ° :'   -
I
0
PAUL. GILMORE,' Leallng-Man, "The- Mummy   and  the   Humming'
•«~ /   Grand Theatre, Thursday, September 7th, 1911°. \  :, ,
Bird,"
G5ectt'jc-Restorer' for Men
I'^hOStthonol'restores evry nerve ia the body
 li to Its proper tension ; restates
■nn and vitality. Premature decay nnd nil sexual
weakness averted at once. Phosphouol will
make you a new man.' Price *3a box. or t»~ (nt
v). Mailed to any address TkoScobollDrup
Co., (St. Catluiriues, Out, -
For Sale  at
Ble'asdell'8
Drug  Store
'So, it'was like dis nicht war? Ye' have "at biir
house a leetle papy und ven I 'go -me ubstairs to
ped meine.frau, Maria, she'say to me; 'Paul, der
, papy he vas dUrsty xmd vants i?ome inilk so. you
' go yourself downstairs\ind'prin«j some oop.' Dcii
I go meinself down stairs and look in der pantry
und I don't vas can find milk; aber I find a milk
dicket and I take dat upstairs for der leetle Lud-
wig to suck."
- Laughing at his own" conceit, the German depart:
ed taking the clearing house "milk ticket" much
to <iio relief of the bank manager.
Tho above anecdote has its parallel in tho exist-
r ing political situation, the bank manager representing the Liberal-cum-Conservative factor and the
German tlie working .class.     The former has a
„ powerful press, tlio wherewithal to remunerate past
masters in"tlie arts of sophistry, and iho experience
of previous successful campaigns of tlie efficacy of
stage thunder, to mystify and befuddle the workers
with their'bogus issue, yet. they should study the
verity of tho saying of Abraham Lincoln,"' You
can fool all of tlie people some of the time; you
may fool some of the people nil the time; but you
cannot fool of all tho people all of the time," and
govern themselves accordingly.
Reciprocity as a measuro either for or against is
of great importance to thoso individuals who arp
interested in trado matters, their opinions varying
conformably to the manner in which they arc
nffectcd, but to tho working class other than,a
subject of mental exercise it jh valueless, or in other
words a "milk ticket" for Ihem to chew.
Such is the inherent, egotism of the individual
that ho is at a loss to understand why that which
1o him is of such great import is not equally so to
otherH, honco the difficulty of meeting on a com-
mon ground when intercuts are so diverse. ..
No.Ono Suffers so Acutely from toothache aB %
Ono who has it.
Tho discussions thnt took place nt the mod ing
held In the Miners' Opera House, after Mr. V. T.
Congdon lind concluded, do most pointedly emphasise our contention. According to the rules laid
down the RHpwily r»a«t was the "milk ticket."
but those to whom it was offered woro not no easily
placated as the German of tlie story, nor governed
by the ordinary rules of debate, because to thorn
tho "vital issue" was the brend and butter fines-
lion.    They are asking for the "brend" of n better
THE "LABOR GAZETTE" AS A LEGAL
•'""■ AUTHORITY
AS an illustration-of the straits to which Mr.
Moore, counsel in the picketting case at Blairmore; -was-forced into after J;,R. Palmer-the legal
representative of thyU.<;M." W. of A. .had quoted
decisions'-rendered by^ thc.higiie.st court of the realm
—tl!e-Dorcrc;inei^jusiices' uj.-t™ cat,- ^ nBm-ri.
ing'i'that^peaceful'picketting.did not constitute a
breach of the'law, be''(Moore) *cited an instance in
rebuttal of an obscure''case in Ontario of, a cabman
tried before -'apolice../magistrate. When pressed
for his source of- information' for the purpose of
investigations-he quoted' not (however, be it said)
without considerable hesitancy and evident reluctance, "that he had-read it'.in the 'Labor Gazette.' "
Paens of praise and congratulatory showers of
commendation should be forthcoming from the Labor Department in recognition of so superlative a
tribute furnished by this legal .luminary of the adjoining province, who regards their publication
of greater importance than the decisions of that
effete body of- jurists, heretofore considered as of
some'importance by the disciples of, Coke! Black-
stone, et' al. , -
Capt.' Taylor,r who conducted the
funeral "services of- Janet McDicken,
the. beloved«daughter of Jr. Sergt-
Major' and-" Mrs.,' McDicken, of the
Local Salvation':Army Corps, will
■ hold a, memorial service Sundayeven
ing at 7.30' p.m." ,v7   ,'
'  Don't forget, you sportsmen, that
the season is, closed for grouse! '
♦ .'     -O   i! '      ■ ♦
♦ NOTICE ,;=TO '  MINERS       ♦
♦
A  MANLY   MAN
WITEN Peter White, the interpreter for the
Slavonians at Bankhead was threatened by a
company policeman with arrest he put up his hands
and said: "Arrest me, if you will; put on your hand
cuffs.'!.   'Wo'tako off our hat to, you, Peter, may
your breed multiply.
Pear is the deadliest foe to progress.
It is no disgrace to go to gaol for a principle.
• A free mind cannot he fettered by imprisonment
of vtho body.
- Man must fear his fate too much'  ■
Or his deserts arc small,
■ Who dare not put them to tho touch,
And lose~-or gain them all,
N. B.—IIo wns not arrested,
We would cail-attention to
all' miners ,'that> there is a
strike on,;throughout District
18, Including, Corbin, and not
to accept" statements to the
contrary.issued by Interested
parties. .  '.
Second Hand
Furniture Store
VICTORIA AVENUE  N.
Highest Prices Paid
For " Secondhand Furniture, Stoves,
Tools, etc., also Ladies' and.Gentle-
mq'n's Cast-off Clothes. •
Two-chair Barber Outfit for Sale.
G.  RADLAND, Prop.      ..     .
STOVESI STOVES!
Airtights,   Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners ,
and  Cook Stoves
J.M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
''?!
L77I
II^YOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing: but the Best in Fresh      J
and   Smoked    Meats,,  Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry ,
Etc. Etc., go to   "-.7,/. -'    ■•.,"„
THE 41    MARKET  CO.
r . - -    .  -- - -        _    .-
SAM GRAHAM, Manager '     '   '   '    •"•',, PHONE'41
For Sale
i22 Acres Fruitlarid
at Elkmouth'\
♦ <► ♦ ♦+*■■&+■*>■& + +.+
EDITORIAL SQUIBLETS
tf iho Roeiprocity pncit, bocomo law ncoorcling to
miino nulhoritios Die treca ^Mll censo ffrowiiiR,- hut
tlio bhihh in "Pornio nnd otlior points in tlio vioinily
of saw-dust pilo will not.
A Fow "WhoV' That Aro PuzUnff Pornio Oitiisons.
AVho iH it thnt is lurniiiR in tho fnlso nlnmiH?
AVlio i« Ktcnlliiff chiclcons in tho North End I
Who Hlnifk iho blow that killed Father?
Who put. n formor Pornio oitizon'H oyo in doop
I mourning
*i..»4.u«i»l iui llii-iiiMiiwh <iii(i uiuhu (lupemit'iii upon i    Who Idlliul t'o^K KoiuiiT     t,ivti.—.\lityou uio onu
llu:u„ i»i,slcA.I ul wjiicli (Jn'.v uru Ki'vim this '.'.milk who Htolo tho chickcnH.)
ticket** of Uociprooity nnd tho "Htono" of Hpocinl
police nnd intimidation.
Ileeiproflity nnd nnti-Wootproolty fade   into   tho
■   Who threw tho overnlln in Mrs Murphy'h chow*
dorf
Who Ront the Bpooial police to Coal Credit Who!
MARYLAND MINERS
VERY PRODUCTIVE
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23,-Tho production of, conl In Maryland in 1010
w«« 5, 217,128 short torn, nccordlnfl! to
BtatlattCB collected by the tinllwl Stat.
«■ Ooologicftl Survoy in co-operation
yltMho Mai'yliuui CitiwU.Klcul Hurvt-y.
Maryland, llko Vlrftinls, Ixmeflted
Indirectly from tho »lx raonthn' utrUifl
nmongr tho fnlnflm in tho Central or
Mlml»»lppl Vnlioy Stn(«ti. Owlnpr to
the sliortAire of fu«l In tlie \V«»t«srti
States a' tariw amount of V.V*t Virginia   coal,    partlculnrly   from   tho
southorn part of tlio State, was diverted from tho walioard to the tom-
jiornrlly moro proflinlilo nmrkcta In
tiio Wont, Profiting by this dlvoralon
VlrRlnla'a production, nhlppod principally to Lamhert Point plord, noar
Norfolk, Itioroawnl over l,7Fi«,00 tonn,
or 37 pirr oont.
Miirylitnd'ii ronl production, whirh
bcrnuw) of ^ho approaching oxliaus-
Hon of iho famoui "ntg voln," had
been showing a declining tendfincy for
"Ihe laRt two yonrit, waa also given In
1910, and Increased from that of 1000
Uy l.iai.iiH loiu, or 2!».<W (w-r ccmt.
Tlio  valiio  Increaaed   $1,363,327,  or
30.5 per cont.
Tho coal mine* of Maryland gavo
omployment In 1910 to S.800 mon,
who worked tho unusually high nvor-
ngc of 870 days, and, although 07 pw
cent of Maryland's tonnago Is hand
mined, tho nvcrngo productive efficiency of tho miners I* considerably
oho\'« tho mean average of all tho
State. In 1910 tho' averago production for each man employed was
80S short tons for tho year, and 3,33
tons for each wording day. No labor
troubles wero reported In tho coal
minwi ot Maryland In 1910. Tho mines are operated fen hours a day.
Joe Falvo
Shoemaker
General Repairer
New Work,
warranted
* ij
, Carosella's Store
Parti)'' cleared and:-ready for
planting out. ■ Good stream
of pure water on property.
Easy towns. Address! A.J.B.
District Ledger, > Fernio; 33,C.,
for particulars.  ,'
•9#9<EHBMBMB4ZI>
Livery, Feed
and Sale. Stables
First class Horses for Sale.    (?-
t
Buys Horses on Commlslon    ('
- ■    ■    •■■
6
ti
C.E LYONS
.Real Estate
H
to Loan-on first class Busi-
nessand Residential property';..-.
Steam Heated
George Barton    Phone 78
G.N.R.
Close connection at Rexford with mainline
Trains for Eastern points, Great Northern
Trains and those of connection latest steel
creations of car builder's art
No change at St Paul
Lake route from Duluth or Chicago via
exclusively passenger steamships
Free side Trip to .Niagara
on Eastern Tickets
"\    . CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hbtel
FERNIE,  B.C.
:First,Class Accommodation for Travellers
<       MR8. 8. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRE88
Hot and Cold Water
L. A. Mills, Manager
J. S. THOMPSON, Aprent. Ferntft
Phone No. 161 P. O. Box 305
Special Saturday rate Fernie to HIIco, 85c, food returning Monday
Food Choppers
that
don't
chew
many
sizes
L
90c to $3.50
J.Di Quail
THE  "Universal"   Food
Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables--
raw or cooked
--as coarse
or fine as
wanted—
rapidly
and
Does        /TV Vv    eaiilly.
away
entirely
with the
drudgery
oithe
chopping
knife and
bowl.
Buy tlie irenutoe "Universal."
f+ n>** «-**     -.  * ^ v»-
iVlUUlit       IXOVcll »{»(»».     iwrmliprlss .eloss r<H>m«Pind
College
CALCARV.      ' ■* H ALBERTA
Clanes Oprn Seat 1911
rocriii., i..      ,        .    . Oullur*   nnd   Kvnroimlftn,   Fine   "Arii"
^^^hfl^Bff^'WnWA ^^;.?°"e" cP°u"*« ^«U? CoVr'A
... . C«»r»» •tttmtj
'Prepsrstory, ^Ttsehurs, Unlv«r«lty
M»trltful«Uon, ftoysl Military Coilsg/
Olvl) 8*rvle«, two y»«jri nndaAmduato
work. Typtwridnjr. hmtmt&Tr it
Mutle, Wsnus »nd Technical Trslnln*.
IfmiMhoM Helmr* unit  Art      PhJ*i?S
TN ADVERTISING-
A and good business
stationery la advertlBlng-
It's not so muoh the taato
of tho man producing tho
matter, as tho consideration of what v/lll appeal
to the people he doslrcs
to reach. Still, you your-
8olf Will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
Rood paper'and printing.
lay we ihow you ismples >
7 A
'ft,
THE DISTRICT LEDGER TOR QOOD WORK ■';'-■ - J~%'*-^~-z-';~£C^~-I'?*--£*%>&.'>[ 7'"7'i'-'V ,77- :■ ~-;-r -1-"-"-:,. ".yyy:- "*yy:--     '    ,
W*        JJi -      ,~*
'')^1^^^:y-H\7'-77-,7^: ' -    :< >;.'yyy*'. -7 •: V^^^yy^f.
ira bisTEioT i^dqer, pebnie,, b, c./September 2,1911.
:.---**vf-^'"^.v //"-*'--"-**•»*/ ""'^   "i *> ■
*-"*    <r"- T -
^yy^'^^^yy y^yy:y^
':2
7&i
t. >■-*■>»
=■■'■&£*
«' •-■, {.;-
PAGE   FIVE
*i-77'-<v^;7AN*.-^';'-x-y-V".-v'; -• ':• \"5'/.-:* Vy^.y y*-=i:-.'.---. y;' yy';;*• 7 -I' \~u*\&<V:^ff^~:*^ ■-■'
■^TsfcflT--—-"' ""•t,v':"--' -•■M'7-HV ^^77: Js^^^^j^M^j^ll^-:^^-^^ '^TBP^h, ■•••"£1^
iHbHr^^»¥*¥¥»¥¥*¥¥¥TV¥¥¥¥¥¥¥y»¥l^ ,
-K< ..-.
:■-;>-- v.y
T^^y-ivV-.-1,'- -
¥¥■¥¥*■¥¥ y¥¥,¥¥¥¥¥¥¥.¥,¥¥^,»¥.¥¥¥»¥-¥¥^H^¥:¥¥¥¥¥,¥¥VV¥¥vy.¥¥,¥¥¥,»¥J>-»¥^
¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥■¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»<
♦"♦ .♦■♦:♦ ♦,♦ ♦ *♦ ♦ ♦■♦
. -A King arrived up here on- Wednesday' morning to,see how'the boys are
• getting\on during, their ivacation.   He
is well known' throughout "the'district
byjhe handle of "Paddy,*/and as just
arrived'back from "Montana. ."  -7  '-
v
,-Miss; Edith'Langdon was visiting
friends in Hosmer last' week;     . -"   •
v y^Mr^and' Mrs. Blair Letcher, and  Mr
and1 Mrs."Thos. Letclien'were taking
in' the sights of our little camp,last
. Saturday.    . -'"   .7;,  .    ,  >
• ' Mrs. ,Pred Vance was staying a few
days-with Mrs-Schiam up here last
iWeek.'    , ■     -" 7- .'
„7 Mr.' Plzzocollo ventured-up here on
his motor cycle last Friday.. ,It sound-
. «d like, a threshing machine coming
along.the Government road.'; r- ^ ■':
•, \ Tti-shainth supply of provisions has
, been distributed up' here this.week. .
-,'". Sid Horton rode up here from.Hob-
.mer last Sunday.'    Is the'magnet still
drawing SldT      •'    ' '■ .'
i  Mrs. Steve Lawson, of Hosmer, was
a visitor to Mr and Mrs/Jas.- Ma'ddisbn
•up here last week.
A' v   '" ' '     - '•■   "■"•-    ■"'-,,'a '-
/.The schools restarted' up .here last
Monday, at least one of them did. The
Infant school has not started yet. the
-new teacher'not having'^arrived. t Mr.
Bennett,, the late teacher, having had
, to'retire through not having a certifi-'
«ate for this province.     ,He*will-:be
-. greatly, missed as,,he was 'well-liked
,by the children, and made a big improvement in the school, the last; term
the children doing exceedingly .jWell
under his tuition. 7 '-.' ' 7 7•■''.
; There is but one special policeman
., up here at present; the others having
been called away to Morrissey to take'
charge of a Russian who was doing a
little damage to a fellow creature with
an axe; v ">■ ■■ - '"j.''*' '■'■'-■ --^-- -'
.   Mr.. and Mrs.- Page,. and their, son,
^"Harry, are down at = the , Mission at
,Cranbrook, looking after' the interests
of Mr. Falfciough    at   the boarding
- house. there."    -:, ■   ■ •• '„     •,    "'. "».,
.',- District Board Member J.-E. Smith
, Is very - busy,- these days^ visiting the
• different'locals.
('6urLetter Box
'.The District Ledger accepts no responsi-
, bilita- for tho views expressed by its corrcs-.
pondcntii. Communications will bo Inserted'
whether signed' by the reai name of tho"
' writer or a noin'do plume, but tho-writer's
nniiio and address must bo (riven to tho,
" Editor as evidence of good faith.-- In no caso
will it bo divulged without consent.    ' '■
*
FOOD FOR-THOUGHT
, 7 , ' , Coal. Creek. b;„ C,
, ' . y. 'August '28th, 10U.
To the Editor," District Ledger— -
,' Dear Sir,—I noticed jh last week's
Issue of your paper a. letter signed
"Homo' asking for,fa"' Report of the
Public, anent the' situation of the coal
mining Industry of this district. Who
are "The Public'?■„ Is it the 90 per
cent" of-workers of this district, who
are directly and indirectly dependent
up6n the coal mining industry, or is
It the1 small mlnprity,'of lawyers, saloon keepers,; storekeepers and others
who go, to, form, the various so-called
Boards of Trade of this district? :
- "if a report Is'hoped;from the "latter,
-what ^klnd, of • a report Ab expected?
Nay,?ho"w can! these gentlemen make
any kind of''a report, when "they can-
riot "or, will riot understand any of-the
vital,-questions at issue? Their ac
;tion,. at Macieod a short time ago
speaks for itself, when,' after holding
secret sessions with the operators, at
iWhlch Umes'the" doors were closed in
the faces, of the miners' representatives, they passed.a resolution to this
■l;
1905-the contract-miner Vas. receiving;; by the Spaniards something ''purposely
but imperceptibly must have"happened
■7-probabiy the;.dollar and'cent lust
may, have had'sbriie'thing to do with
one-fifth of the 'value-of :hls7prpdu"ct.
•Then, according ' to all' the"- laws i.of
Equity,and Values,,he should,re9elve
one-fifth'of the increased rvalueof" his
product, Viz.,J3:'l-2''p6r;'cen,t.'-^Then,'
again, the "Public".'"may."-thirik. that
because the miner receives ;$3.98 'per
day (accordingtoDr.Gordon'sReport)
that' his' (theSniher's) "yearly-' wages
are about $1200,-but this*-Is-n'ot'cor-
rect, as', the' table shows' that "'.the;
rect, as"-the (table', shows , that;, the
mirier" only worked 231 days'for,which'
he should have received $919.40,7 Note
here that the District Executive Board
of s the mirieworkers. have-, contradicted the statement about .'Michel,* saying
that the average" there was only ?3.88
and riot.$3.96ias Is'stated iri Dr.; Gordon's.Report. , From the table" shown
it Is,apparent that the.Michel,-miner
is'Jii a' more'parlous .state than, his
brother of - Coal'Creek, and .the Coal
Creek miner is In a poof, position1 eri:
ough,,ln all conscience.- =\ ";7v-'v ;'.
, - In; Table'2 we see, that =the, monthly
.wages of" the- Coar Creelc miner -.are,
$76.60, but of this a married man (arid
he Isrin;;the im'ajo'rlty)" ;has -stoppages
of. over''.$20'per.month,- bririgirig the
actual V wages, he *' receives' ' down to
$55.85," but" owing to .the higher cost.of
living than was;in'vogue in 1905. (arid
the-30.per cent quoted is, \$ anything,
too How, as the actual," figures are
30 - to . 46.5, per' cent wholesale) the
purchasing value of this miner's $55 85
is reduced to $43.00, a direct loss of
about-23- percent.   'But the operator
well-fed. patricians and brute mixtures
commonly termed parasites.'
Yours, etc.,
"'•.[.'' GEO. PA'TON.
effect:  "Accept' Dr."; Gordon's Report,
you- miners arid get back to work,,.or! may iay: "This may be-so, but we are
TABLE    I
- B,
t
GOAL CREEK
.   MICHEL
525
404
. u,
■«»«'
'O   S
o S
■3 2
Eh   ..
> C
1185.83
$1150.42
O
1132.02
?ri(K>1.17
-'
\
a  'J
■m
S 2 =
If
>-5 2
»    V    H
~1    t^jB
Si
5711.50
aloTH
SC51.2«
por ct.
17.11
per ct.
ia4
por ct.
102-3
por ct.
16'2-3
perct,
..'11-3
-,
perct
31-3
231
230
$319.10
8«)2.40
at 3.83
we will take measures to-make you."
7 Therefore",how can anyone hope,for
a workable report from1" this section
of"' the "Public"? ■■*   ori'behalti-nf-ltho
VH    7
>!
r
'■ Supt." Carnpbeliy of-the Proylricial
"Police Department, was "a visitor" up
''here on Tuesday.''.  ••>,   '■ t '■
;> Mr.' Clarke, who has been the travel-
Her.for theCrow.'s Nest,Trading Co.-up
1 hero for a good while, and Mrs. Clarke
^were bidding: good-bye..to'their many
- friends -up hero 'on Tuesday' prior
.to ..their departure, for , Australia on
Sunday next, where Mrs. Clarke was
reared., . , „ ,. .;. ,,s, , . % . ''
7, Miss Maggie" Low, who 'has been
, handing out tho good things at the
.'Summit Hotel, Crow's Nest, Is visiting
.hor mother up hero this weok.
: • Mr. Francis While, 'of Fernie, .was
- up here on Wednesday, endeavoring to
'collect (ho rents of the company house-
-holders for the past four months, and
on tho Thursday.-thirty"day notices-
wore brought around.    What will bp
'. ttho noxt move? , y
The Creek football team have to go
'.to Coioman to play Mlchol for tho
final of tho C. N.^P., league. . Why
did'not tlioy select Calgary,'or Winnipeg, avo have lota of time up here for
travelling, although the "Bpondullcs" is
ti bit shy. ,,
Mrs.  Oreen, mother of Mrs Joo
„English, arrived   here   on   Thursday
. from Nova Scotia.
, A numbor of Crookltos Journoyod to
Tornio on Wednesday ovonlng to boo
tho^ crack aliooter who was to havo
been there, but wero disappointed at
the program been changed till Thursday morning.
Quito n crowd of local sportsmen
linvo'.gono away into the mountains
hunting commencing to-day (Friday),
Somo linir-raifllng otorloa will have to
■bo told when they return.
E. Cnulflold fotumod from Wnrdnes
onWedneBday,
Clinrllo Percy tinn boon ongngoil as
nccompnnlBt   at  tho   Pernio   Opera
IlOUHO.
workers/ Carter's' Minority Report has
been.issued.Cand although, In ^my,opinion even this report does not cover
all the ground/yet it covers sufficient
ground1 to lot the "Public" know some
of ithe needs 'of-1 the* mineworker, In'
order to.exiBt, let alone live decently.
Yet this;report may as well not-have
been Issued for all the notice taken
of it by the "Public." \ The "Public"
may ask:' Why was Dr. Gordon's Report ■ rejected by the' mineworkers?
Because of the omission or suppression
;iot responsible for this.high, cost of"
living." AherriY"*maybe not, nor is
the mineworker" responsible Jot your
actlon_in_8elllng,ypur-,eoaLln.the.cneap-
cst market, thus violating the first law
of business.. For, if I remember rightly, theVsanie irianager, above alluded
to said that his company was selling
the bulk of Its'output at $2.28, whilst
it " However,.we shall,see.-.-
; In Kirkpatrick's publication. J'War,
arid What Por'.'i.we find that'millions
of dollars of bonds, were held by the
Spanish government'on the''revenues
of the.Cuban Islands, and if the United States could''be. stirred to action
to free the poor Cuban slaves from
their bondage,.such,botids. would certainly fall iri value.^and be placed on
tlie market^ -when '; the gold lusting
"very best", people could seize their
opportunity, purchase tlie bonds, and
when'' Uncle - Sarii <■ freed Cuba, and
guararitee'd'the" bonds, the same could
be sold "at. aVhiige profit. This-is
exactly; what. happened. Bonds exchanged r hands' freely after the war.'
: The gold and.diamond lust was a
predominant' feature in the war between Great Britain and South Africa.
This is what th'e'.wforking class nobly
uphold, vote for, fight for and die,for!
Thi3 Is what, the'-leaditig men of the
nations' want'strong young men, not
willing:,1 tiutanxious to fight for. . Ask-
irig V man to" take-hold of. a,modern
rifle is like telling him to dig a grave,
jump-JiT" and ' stioiit "Hurrah!" 'and
then, 'shoot himself/'- How -long,' are
.tHe7.workers going .'to' remain at the
tail * end of the grand march in , the
world's affairs? " Just so long as they
vote'the ticket that empowers the existing >* political ' flunkies, to .'spend
$4.25.for militarism for every dollar
spent on'educatlon, conditions will
still remain'as they are.
■ Governments - nowadays ^ resemble
those existing'during Oliver Crorii-
well's time. 'Oliver maintained in the
year 1653 that It'.was high time he put
and end to, the meriibers "sitting in parliament, a place which they had' dis-
honored-by.thelr contempt of all virtue
and defileil.by practice of every vice.
Gold is, your>.God! "Take up that
shining bauble and lock up the door.
Ye venal ^slaves,.'.begone!" ,v, ,
The working-class both manual and
intellectual, having all the power necessary; to change-the tide, will again
plungeithemselves into the depths, of
an environment that makes life hardly
worth livlng.li--The_capitalist.class,are.
more class conscious, they are hustling
in,, search-'of "fools to renew the venal
slave regime, and they have the hearty
co-operation ,of".the mules to enable
them to'.accomplish their end.' .
It Is quite legitimate for capitalists
Bellevue," Alta, Aug. 29, 1911.
To the Editor, District Ledger,-—
Dear Sir,—We have-been requested
by'the above Local to ask you to kindly publish'the following and oblige.
The person whose names appear- below have been approached by the committee of .the'aboA'e Local-,with' tho
object'of having-them to cease work,
this they have refused" to' do, and consequently must be regarded as the en'
emies of organizer labor:
'   HARRY.BLAKE, Passburg.
HARRY WHITE, Frank. - '
CHARLES   HUME, , Passburg.
LEVI PARKER, Maple Leaf.
, —   MONROE, Lille.        ,       „
The above are certified fire bosses
and have been engaged as such by the
West-.-Canadian, so they claim, but
the fact remains that they are doing
other than fireboss duties, Monroe
is, or was. until recently, a member
of Lille Local. He and a man named
Ross were on the point of starting
her^some three months ago, but after
having had the, situation explained to
them they promised not to start' and
left town the.following day.
The following persons are also employed in the.mine,.,but unfortunately
cannot call themselves fire bosses:.-
!   ED. -SUTHERLAND. ("Pontius  Pilate") from Lille.
WALTER WARN, ex-tipple boss.'
' HUGH HUTTON.-ex-timekeeper.
WM. CONNOR'S, from Hillcrest.
— OWENS, from'Klpp.
JOE REID.-froiri-Burmis, member of
Burmis Local.
FRANK McPHERSON, from  Passburg, member of .Passburg Local.
" D.  BROOKS   (ex-livery stable proprietor).
Those employed outside:
CHARLES DOZEY, engineer.
'SURRELL,   engineer,   master- (mechanic), from Lille. ''
"   CHARLEY HEWITT, Fireman, ex:
tipple boss/Lille.     7    . -
', ROBERT MITCHELL, fanman, late
Nottinghamshire, England.
-'-ERNEST   MITCHELL   (son), " fan-
nian.y. -y
♦ Fernie Dairy -j
t
FRESH. MILK
delivered    to.  all^
parts of the town
Sanders  &  Verhaest  Brothers.
Proprietors    o
**<»»•»«-♦<»«»♦♦«»>*<»♦ *•»♦
KING'S HOTEL
Bar, supplied 'with   the   best "Wines,
Liquors and Cigars    .,,
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
the cost.of"production was $2.29. per.-
ton'. -^ Now',11. have had as wide andjto influence; the''government to order,
out the'rank and file of workers, of
course, to shoot down and murder men
varied an experience in, mining matters as anyone Mn 'this "district^ be ho
official or mineworker, and I have no
hesitation in saying that I accept this
manager's statement cum grano sails
(with a grain of .salt), for while tho
of'some facts In particular, and of tho jelling price may be correct, yot I
manifet unfairness of, tho report as a wis]l t0 say« without fear of contradic
whole. There aro some phases : of
the subjoct matter of Dr, Gordon's Report which,'in my opinion, have not
been dealt with sufficiently, and''in
sonfo cases, not at all. To point out
one instance. " Tlio rov, gontleman.ln
his report says in effect "An increase
in' tho contract rato of Coal CrQek
,($3.98) and of Michel ($3.96) would
have boon considered,had it not been
for the strong declaration of tho general-' tnariager- of these'camps that,-by
improved method8 of mining he (tho
manager),hoped to increase tho earnings of- tiio minors by about 10 por
cent." ,Now, tho Investigation Board
meti I presume, to consider and report
upon the facts of tho caso nn brought
to their notico, yet hero wo have the
Chairman of that Hoard accepting tho
unsupported assertion of one man
(which is only supposition, and not a
tion/thatno pitjboss or mine manager
in theso two camps would be tolerated
for two consecutive montliB if ho lot
his cost shoot approach within GO,cents
por ton of the alleged cost of production.- ■ Yet" the gullible Investigation.
Board; accepted this manager's statement without question. It is a well
known fact to very many students of
coal'mining'that In some' parts of the
world, the contract minor receives 75
cents and more per ton, while the Belling price of tho same coal is $2.50,or
less; .that this sumo conl is drawn
for miles below the surface, and yot,
notwithstanding these drawbacks the
operating companies aro making,, any-
whoro from 10 to 2B por cont profit.
Can tho operators of this district do
this? Yea, but not by hounding down
tho contract miner, not by continual
changes of management, nor by grabb
ed their own class with whom they
havei no quarrel. It ls legalized and
easy to kick the mule and rule. Divide
the enemy ls tho idea; have them vote
all kinds of tickets. Form them into
jealouB groups, cheating each other;
scabbing on-each other; .bull-penning
each other, and finally shooting each
otlier. '
, Why allow,all kinds of vile practices to go'on in your midst when with
one stroke you can at the ballot box
In the month of September make it
possible to eradicate the existing
social evils and make It also impossible to declare war for the purposo of
lining' tho pockets of a fow glossy,
W. MILLS,,
Prop
CLUB
Cigar Store
^     W. A. INGRAM
," HENRY McKAY, Maid of all work.
— JOHNSON, Carpenter from, Lille,
late of Durham, England.
".. REGGIE HEWITT,-carpenter's helper,'ex-busman, London, England.'.
ARTHUR-AMOS, ex-weighman, expelled from the Local
Membersi'Of labor organizations are
(Continued on page 8). ,.
RHEUMATISM
CURED BY
FIG PILLS
An absolute guarantee goes with every
box of FIG PILLS. Thoy will .cure
RHEUMATISM, KIDNEY disorder,
BLADDER trouble, CONSTIPATION,
SLUGGISH LIVER and all STOMACH
and BOWEL dtaordors. At all dealers
25 cents por box, or Tho Fig Pill Co.,
St. Thomas, Ont.
Coleman
Hotel
'W. H. Murr
Prop.
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
. -    Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
^ i   '■
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman
Alfa.
frjjgnMfft^aaBfflggiTO^^
*••****•*•****••****••••**
s
ING SKEWING
MACHINE   CO
TABLE   II,
»'
*' ♦
+*♦♦*+♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦
'
. c     "
♦
♦
CANMOKE
NOTE8
♦
♦
"Maple
Leaf"
♦
i
♦
fcl
COAL GREEK
MICHEL
4 ft
r
tflHMO
u
*3
17(1,110
171,20
V
<»<
Tho mlno whistle blow for work
on Thursday evening at seven o'clock,
accompanied by tlio howling of coyotoj
None' of tho minors, howovor, turnod
up, 'i'tw ioliowuiK morning a largo
crowd of men gathered at tho depot
to await tho arrival of tho train from
tho'EiiBt bringing six apodal coputab-
loll.
Henry Smith nnd T. Jackson nro at
Novli opening up ft small coal mlno.
Jack Hoadly nnd n fow other Canmoro
boyrnro with thorn.
II Monkton, our tnlontod cornet play,
or, Is hack again from Metford. . Tho
report that ho bad been,kidnapped by,
a clrcui has proved' to 1m> fnlio.
h
a 2
%3
a
3
, *
'5
45 8teanvHeated  Rootni
Hot and Cold Bath*
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading Commercial Hotel
WM.     BARTON  \
>
>
>
Pellatt    Ave.    North \
>■
Anront   Fertile   Branch
/^^««^
^-^W^-
e«Mw»r jib 33
Fire is Of ten
Caused
negligence. And who is ihero
that is not negligent,at times?
Would you have the work of a
lifetime lost in a few minutes.
i ■
Why Not Insure
and then tho loss of your treasures is made good aB far as
money is ablo to replace a loss.
Inquire of ub for terms.
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance     Real Estate
Printer's ink
The Flneot Hotel In Eait Kootenay,
J. L.   QATE8, Prop
•W.7«
Wi.7.1
ltf.M
t
9,vi,-tt
30 por ot.
:w )inr<)7,
Jl.'i.oo
eii.is
23 iiurot,
i&liwro.
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
rcllibli Vnnth
i «r« ocMdlag
A wllibli Prtnel
ulitf «r« ««««dlai
U*fHf»ttM portion .
yi ei-Mp l«iu»tMH    	
ft» bo*, M *Kf«« for |1A  Malta! \a my addniM.
Tfc* Hwtfoll r»rnaf Tn,, »r, Cuthnrlnyt, Ont.
ifor Salt at Rleatdell's Drun Storo.
fact), wlillat nogloctlng, omitting or
mipproflrtliig tlio facts which woro, or
should havo boon, brought to tho not*
ico of tho board.    Thin action of Dr.
Gordoim, ItiHlgnlflcant as It may havo
Boomed at the tlmo,' had a direct boar
Ing on nearly 1000 contract miners In
thoso two campa, and also nffoctod
tho contract minora of tho whole district. For tho bonoflt of tho "Public" I
will try and recount tho facts of iho
cued (U touting to Uioao two canuis,
4ccordlnv  to , government statl&ti™,
uhloh aro complied from the rftpors
of, tho vnriouo compimloa operating
tho ihlncp, thoro woro.In 1010 OSID
coiniftci TftmoMi (imploywl   nt   ton!
Or'oeic end   Mlchol.    Thceo   miaora
turned out during tho year a to'nl pi
J,0M)145 tops of coal, valued at |3,-.
780,5n7.5,01 |,1,00 ,por ton.
.  ftn poriHlnjf. Tablo ,1, and laltlig
Cont Crook, which' hau tho better w tr-
ago of thfl two, .we find that (tech miner tunieil out 1183.83 lonu, vuIumI »tt
14,1.60.42, for .which ho • roeolye* at
tho rate of SO Mini a per Ion. (711.50,
or ililightly moro than ono-atxthof tho
value of his product  . Dnt since 1005
the value of tho product has Increased
from fM0 to. p'M, or IS 2-2 yw; c*ut,
yot tho contract ratM have remained
unchanged  .during that period.     In
ing all tho coal within roncli ns soon
ns tho mlno Ib oponod, but by up-to-
date and Bclontlflo mining methodH,
and tho removal of thnt Incubus—tho
grasping and avaricious railroad cor*
poratlon.
"JU8TITIA."
Ledger Ads Pay
When used on good preiie*. and
neatly diiplaycd type for your ilstion*
cry is valunblc. We hive evcrj
facility for doing the but of job woik,
and at a minimum pticr,
COMMUNICATED
p**«* r *. I 111 i
To tho Wrtltnr, THatrlrt' "T^ilr^T'—
Doar Sir,—Ail tho workor» of Pernio
and, tho surrounding country nro now
In posaoaslon of on organ used oxclu.
slvoly on their behalf It Is posfllblo
and onlto T*»roontlWf tfcnt tii> «;»r<"o J?
loft unturned by Its odltor, to bring
before subscriber* tho existing social
evlld.
Tho laUwt that has come before our
notico, It, tho startling,discovery of
Oonoral Dlzloy, chlof onginoor of tho
United fttatea Army, After a careful Inspection of tho sunken ship
Maine,. General lilxby emphatically
claims that tho destruction done to
tho battleship could not possibly h*v«
boon caused by an explosion from with-
ont, nnd that ovory detail goes to show
that tbe ahlp went down as n result of
au tixylo*tt*u, trom within of hor thrw
maKStlnee. It Is qulto evident that If
tho batllflshlp Malno was not blown up
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorised ....$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital  Paid Up  $5,576,000      Reserve Fund $5,575,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAV, Vles-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead) Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Ksmloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
lr,terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit,
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. D, DELL, Manager
KENNEDY & MANGAN
JWANV TCCT
OF LUMBER
aro wasted when It Is not, of
first class quality. Knots and
knot holes, soft spots, etc, ore
of no into, yot all havo to bo
paid for Just tho same.
EVERY FOOT OF
OUH   LUMttEH
(an bo uacd. We solect it so
<arefully that nil "culls" aro rf-
' movfd, lonvlng only first class
(M--rvlcfal»l<» stuff for jour use,
Vtncilta ical economy by bit)-
(uk your lutnboi: Ltiu.
Off 10* «nif VANO, MOPHINtON AVI., OPP, a N, ttVPOT, ftHNIt
Weber's
STORES
New Michel
&. Blairmore
mSm
.***HU*Mt,.*m- -■'MtmUM» Pre .- • - .
■ -jaxnv-
'^S-'''' '•
m^-
V :
-?Al
PAGE SET1
/.
THE. DISTRICT LEDGERyPERKIE,   B. C., SEPTEMBER 2, 1911
i-
J-
>-'
>-
>■:
>•
, »• ..     ,       _  __,   .        ^_^ _,	
*■■ ■' ■- .s', o-,-y>(.,--, .."• .-,-.,   *
On Scientific Management
s ' •;»,  By George "Willis Cooke -'
„ The Principles of Scientific Management, and Shop Management, By Frederick-Winslow,-Taylor. , y
, l,am convinced that Taylor's scientific management is of very great im-
~ portance, but that it'cannot be made
to , work universally '. under capitalism and for profits'. As explained in
the first of the above named works it
presents many of the' characteristics
of a panacea. As these developed it
reminds one forceibly of the single-
tax theory and its enthusiastic advocates. ,,And yet, scientific management - must be finally, accepted and
adopted into Socialism, for only there
can it find its complete expression.
"As presented by Taylor scientific
management shows several obvious
defects."   The author of this system
••'contends that it works for the bettering of the position of wages of the
workers, and he is doubtless right'in
this claim. The limitations of it,
however, as concerns wage earners,
are obvious. He shows that under
his system the profits are increased
three and six-tenths times, the wages
60 per 'cent. That is, the profits are
increased from $1 to $3.60, the wages
are advanced from ,$1.15 to, $1.85. As
an apology for this condition, Taylor
says that while a comparatively small
advance in wages greatly encourages
(he workers, a large adTance makes
them unruly, dissipated and careless.
This kind of reasoning does not appear to be strong or convincing.  -
In the account of, theMieginnings
of scientific management Taylor- reports his interviews with a man he
calls Schmidt, who is described as
stupid, ignorant, and lacking' in ambition. His appeal ,to Schmidt's ambition for increased wages' finally
convinces that worker, and he is
shown how to, advance his daily toil
'of IS'/i. tons of pig-iron loaded, into a
- railroad car to ,47Vi tons, with 'an increase of wages from $1.15 to $1.85.
-Ono by one the men are won over to
the new system, and the number of
men, employed is decreased from 300
to 75. Taylor claims that the. men
thrown out from  this job are  given
, " *
places elsewhere, and at work better
fitted to their, capacities.   It* is obvious
' however
that this system, accordinjjjjkU_opei:atjOIU
hoiise with'his own'hands;>'working at
it before - time -In the morning, and
racing home "at night, to continue his
labors. Obviously, the two accounts
of Schmidt do not hang, well together.
A man caring enough for him family
to,labor forthem in this manner can-
hot have been nearly so stupid as he
is described. A man knowing enough
and skilled-enough, to build a house
with his own hands, certainly must
have been competent for other things
than pigeon, whatever Taylor may
have to report about him.
In both his books Taylor describes
a ten-hour daw for all the men, women and children under his employ.
He does, however,- describe one factory where girls are, employed r in
which the time Is cut down from
eleven to eight and one-half hours,
with an increase in the output.
Throughout he Insists that his system makes,for the advantage of the
worker, in shorter hours, increased
wages, better training for workmen,
and far greater care of the workmen
in all respects. ' \ -
The Taylor system of management
may be summed up- "under three
heads. Thefirst of these is that.the
managers of shop or-- factory' shall
thoioughly organize their ,work, "use
the best machines and tools, and systematically superintend and direct all
phases of the work done. Fewer men
are required, but a far larger number of managers or skilled mechanics
as 'supervisors and, teachers. The
man and the machines are alike thoroughly tested as tO'thc best methods
how they can, be worked to secure the
largest results. -The managers work
with the men, keep them under constant supervision, are always at hand
to correct, to encourage, and' to, see
to It that the'product is first class in
every respect. • The men are "constantly encourged by information as
to the results of work done, how
much has been earned each day, and
with premiums for good work. - 'If
the men are under daily surveillance,
they are also stimulated, commended,
and made to feel that > the -management is interested iin their welfare
and their success. Taylor claims
that no . strike hast ever taken place
where the system of "scientific man
agement devised by him has been In
"To-Taylor's own showing, will, displace
many men who will not. be, able to
find places, if it is finally adopted universally. If there were some kind of
government provision for the out-of-
works, by which all men might be
fitted into the places to which they
are best suited, this scheme of displacement anight, work well. It is
obvious enough that some men are
better adapted by age, experience,
ability, quickness of time reaction to
particular kinds of work than others.
If each man can bo placed where he
can work most easily and successful-
1 ly, It would be a splendid thing, nut
who is to fill in tho Interstices between tlie different manufactures,
and see to it thnt no ono is Idle? For
those men left over and crowded out
Taylor makes no provisions, and under any system of private ownership
and management such provision enn-
not be- mndo.
Taylor describes Schmidt as a dull
,. stupid, ibiiorant follow,   fit   only for
t carrying pig Iron into railroad enra
though ftliong, robust and s^lid.
And yet ho tells us that Schmidt on
$1.1 R  per day Is building himsolf a
Cod Liver Oil With
the Oil Taken Out
A Triumph for Chemical Science and
Pharmaceutical Skill
Oil from the liver of the cod-fish has
been used as a preventative of disease
and a restorative for oges,
Por a long time it has been the general
opinion that the medicinal value of Cod
Livfr Oil was the greasy, oily part itrelf
—its only drawback being the unpalatable, fishy taste of the oil,
Prom the first experts have been trying to find means to make it more palatable. They used to "cut" it with
whlskey—takc it In wine—flavor it with
lemon juice—-anything to get away from
that abominable fishy taste and stncll.
Lots of people still take it In Emulsion form, which Is nothing more than
"churned" oil—broken up—but still
greasy, oily and a strain on the digestion.
Doctors used to think it nas the oil
Itself that built up the system—they
were slow to find out that the oil was si
distinct drawback to the medicinal principles contained in it.
Crude oil is quite indigestible, and
will, in time, put the strongest stomach
out of order.
A way hss now been discovered to do
away with tlie Rrcaw and the smell, and
yet retain all the medicinal properties
of the liver. This Is done bv removing
the fresh oil from tlie new livers.   The
fl..#f    r«(,lrt    '*    flu.**,    •>»,',»rp."    ,.     *1,»     f,...
ef an extract like beef extract.      «
b'yui't Cod Live t Compound is simply
this liver extract combined with »n extract of malt, and healing wild cherry.
The second point to this system1 is
that it is'thoroughly scientific.  ' Taylor's criticism    of    the old" rule    of
thumb methods is in,every way valid
arid' fully justified.     Wo may not tn
the least agree with him    that    the
traditional methods and tools are results of deficiency on the part of the
workers or that tho ■ union methods
arc favorable, especially to their continuance.-    It Is enough^ that   these''
methods are not scientific, and that it
is high time that they were changed.
Whether we are" able to adopt Tay.
lor's system or not, his pica for scientific management ls abundantly justified.    He. describes how ho secured,
with the aid of experts In scientific
investigation and   statistics, "a knowledge  of  how   men  can  work  most
easily and effectively.     This part of
hla book Is very interesting and important.   Through many years he-investigated and experimented   on   his
machines nnd tools.     lie    also   in
quired   as ■ diligently   in   regard   to
working conditions   for   men,   what
causos mon   to   bocoino "tired," how
exhaustion rnn bo avoided, what the
conditions under which mon can lnbor most efficiently.     Whatever   tho
limitations In other directions In Taylor's books and In his system,   this
effort to find out scientifically    tho
facts in regard to labor forco, and Its
best utilization with reference to tlio
health mnl happiness of tbe laborers,
hnd   equally  with' roforonco   to  tlio
product, as most finished and rapidly
produced,    Ib   highly   commendable,
Ono cannot but marvel that In this
age of rrIowo It wiir left to Taylor
or nny other individual" to   conduct
such nn Investigation, and to work it
out to a siiccnsHful Ihbiio In a system
of manaRomont.    The sclonm part of
that Hystoni Is in the hlrdiol dogroo
deferable and  Imporlanl.     It cannot
bo supposed, howovor, that it has In
Taylor's   i»y»lom   reached     nuylhliig
morn than  its  fnltlnl  stages,      Far
moro yet needs to bo dono to mako It
tlioroiiRhly scientific and efficient as
n working method.    Ix«t us fully ro-
cognise the  vnluo of tho  Idea  and
■ method, however.
And thirdly, Taylor's system do-
mandB not only the application of
srli-m-o lo labor arid production, but
It,,assumes that science shall lie efficiently nppllod to tho training of the
men who labor, Ono serious defect In
.',,',-, ftiu^'iuvia'. ot tho situation is that
he assumes tho men aro already ex.
p*rl*ntfd   worker*,   who    arc   torn
owners. demanded that' only one year
should be ; spent in making ■ the
change,"with' failure,' a big strike, arid
far worse conditions" than" before^ as
the result. Training, "scientific train-
ing.-.persistent watchfulness over the
men,, and constant care of every man
—these are. conditions" demanded in
order that scientific-management may
be established. -   ,,.,   ' • .
Throughout both- his books Taylor
assumes that the wages system ls to
go on, that no other relation between workers and their managers is
possible. He has some nicely written
paragraphs in regard to the rights of
the general public, not particularly
pertinent to ,the subject, with no
statement as to just how it is that,
the general public comes into the
problem, except as consumers'. He
has evidently given no scientific attention to ' the big problem of the
world markets, what are the real relations between raw materials and
the finished product, the consumer
and the workers, or how it is that in
a period of universal panic and crisis
when the markets -are., glutted and
there are no new markets tb"conquer,
the workers are all to be ,kept scientifically employed. These°questions,
of course, do not enter into the immediate problem with which die has
,to deal . in' working out scientific
management; but it must ultimately
come up against them. It must finally stand or fall as the result-of how
It deals 'withythes • problems, more
correctly,^ how they deal with scientific management
Finally, what shall we say as to
scientific management? We must repeat the statement with which we began, "that' it is not ultimately workable under "capitalism. As ".-Taylor
has, developed- it, it - is thoroughly
capitalistic.. He, does uot in the least
disguise that this is his chief argument- for it, that it increases profits,
prevents labor, troubles and strikes,
and lowers wage even if it shortens
the hours of labor.* No,one can read
these books" of Taylor's without recognizing' that' he" thinks in' capitalistic
terms, .believes in its methods, has
never in'any- degree thought his way
out from .subjection .to-its-spirit and
methods; • His account throughout of
his working" his way into, this system
-indicates—tiisrroomplete-subjection—to
the ideal of profits. He shows a
large" degree ' of ' sympathy' with the
FOR MAKINO SO£P,*
SOFTENING W/VtEft;
REMOVING RAIN^f
DlSl NFEGTING SINKS.
t:L0SETS,bRAIlNl6,ETC
*   7 SOLD EVERYWHEREV77 '".
t   REFUSE SUBSTITUTES   7
workers, and a very .unusual effort at
providing for them the best methods
and the most satisfactory results; hut
not for one moment, not in the lisp of
a syllable, dpes he indicate that l:l:i
♦»yos are lemoved from profits or Ihnt
l.o lakes his place in the ranks with
Uib workers as one. of them, even
though he began there as a young
man.
The Taylor system in Itself is thor-
oufely co-oporative, from first to last.
As it ,1s worked out by Taylor it.is
auto6ratic co-operation, co-operation
dominated by owners and managers
for ends of profits. Nevertheless, It
is scientific co-operation; nnd without that element it ' could not succeed, for ono day .or In any shop or
factory, big or little. It wholly omits
tho democratic element In co-operat-
tlon, however; and It becomes, ns
worked out by Taylor, predominantly
autocratic, dictatorial, feudal, nnd
mnnngerlnl, Tt is burenucratlc in tho
highest, degree, nnd la a series of systems within systems, of long successions of managers and suporvlB-
orB, whllo ovory man works under
dictation, except tho owner at the
top.
Is riot this onough to damn the
whole system of scientific mrmnteo-
ment? Not nt nil, for in osBonce It
is not only co-oporntlve, hut socialistic. When we condemn it as Socialistic wo mako a groat mistake, for
It bIiowh prooisoly how wo must proceed In order to mako tho shop and*
tho fnctory nt onco scientific, co-
oporntivo and rnpablo of responding
lo modorn needs. Instead of condemning It, we ought to .accept It ob
proof of our contentions, and Indicate how It must bo reconstructed In
order that It may become universally
workable, In bolnR scientific It Is
modern, In balng dlctntcd by tho
spirit of profits it Is antique. What
.Socialism demands Is the organization of labor from top lo bottom on
Hclontlflc principles, mndo workable
by Iho application of scientific method;; and Taylor has mado a vory
good beginning In both theso directions. In allying IiIh system with tho
antlquatod theory of profits as tho
chief end of labor ho has crippled It
its. doom is upon it, and it,must go
as inevitably as wife-cspture and the
holding of men in bondage. To connect his system" with wage-slavery,
which it makes more binding than it
has been under the old rule of thumb
system,- shows the limitations of Taylor's mind, and that he' lias not
thought himself clear from the more
survivals of human progress. .When
the wages system departs forever, as
It is doomed to do in the not" distant
future,' and some form of scientific
co-operation comes in its ;place, it
will be along the lines indicated by
Taylor's system of scientific management, j %     y„'.
Taylor's', system of scientific management shows two conspicuous advantages over the existing and nearly
universal, methods of, accomplishh>g
results of •work.-* First'of all,, it pro
poses the' thorough scientific training
of every workman." Taylor does not
deal, as has been indicated, with education, but that is a great limitation
in his treatment of bis subject. This
training must' come in^ youth, in order
to become fully effective. He suggests, though7he does not -work-out,
a system1 of" practical education, that
shall - be, universal for all youths,
both boys and, girls. Our education
of today is aB"defective as aro our
methods "of work; and we are in
urgent need ' of- a thorough-going
revolution'in,our educational system,
from bottom to top. Our schools and
colleges do not' train for life, do not
base their'teachings on fundamental
principles, are^'nit scientific and
practical.: As" a'result, ;. as Taylor
abundantly, shows, all workmen need
re-educating in" order' to handle tools
in order to accomplish, efficient re-
jSuits._yrjus^eBf_education_3ho'uld-pre5.
cede the adoption generally of scientific management." It'should go into
every  school   arid  college,  and  none
who ,can profit by it should on-any
account be-excused from It.' Every
child should be trained/ whatever the
financial condition of its parents.
Then scientific management- will have
a real- chance,' and - need ;iiot begin
with the individual' teaching of^ a
group of workmen.' _."'-,    >-■'-
Why should it- have been -left for
such a man as Taylor", not conspicuously broad, minded or, widely^ cultured, as the bungling, methods of his
book making show, tg discover scientific management? - It merely shows
that, science has riot been- adopted
into life ;and- industry, that' we .do
not apply what we know, except ;ln
some few.and.less'important and special spheres of action. ,We yet live in
a world-of tradition, antique formulas
and under dominating mythologies in
industry, as' in- religion.. We have not
faced the facts^of life, we- have not
seen face „to_, face the realities about
us
whlcrThas preserved' order "among the
miners,- and an' almost "Sunday- quiet,
has prevailed thropghout!therstrike.-
Mr.; Lees ,Uas betai'v chaIrman7.'of Tithe
school board)of the vUfage'for^-the past
twVyears.'anifa man';who fias;been/a
real-asset tothe company.. ^He-has,
however, been.a leader'among the mtn*
■ers;. is one of the strongest-forces\ in
keeping them together,^andvthe com-
"pany "in the hope of-breaking ^tte union
with* the leaders "removed bas ordered
him.to.'go.yy y-y. yvy,.y - ,.-
I, v-r-.V-fWill Stick by thV'Men'7- -]:/f
y.Mr; Lees is not a poor man." He has
been." a hard' workTer Cfor years ■' and
thrifty and if the company succeeds
in forcing.- him. outside the_,_' acreage"
which thoy seem to havecoiiirol 6f.
"forever," he wilFstay by the" miners
and see this5fight to a finish".-
; T. 'DyPerkins,-' president o fthe un-'
jon/ has • been' "fired," but. as" he. is
single," there vwill not'be ...much hardship attached."?   ,      -''7'',"'•',,-■
Another man ordered off the earth
is Peter White, a Slav, who- is said
to be the man who holds that element
together^' and' according to rumor, the
company charge him,with telling the
men the very opposite. what he had
been told,to inform them. Mr White
was still in Bankhead on .Monday. • l
-" ,   '       No> For^e as Yet ; °
• The company has not yet resorted
to force, and! if" they do and disorder
follows the'responsibility, will riot be
upon tho men. To" date, a-more orderly
body,'of men could not be found the
wide "world, ever;. The ebmpanys' property has been'ze'alously protected by]
the men, arid has ;not suffered a dollars' damage.v. "~;\ .- ... \ -' '
-A"-Justifiable Annoyance    ' -
One of .the special annoyances tothe
men )s tlie presence in the, camp of a
number,of police.' The mounted police
7*DR. j. BARBER^ DENTIST
'.Office Henderson Block," Fernie B.C.
vCHours 9;ttf lK2*,ttf 5; 6L.'tb 8.' -\-
~'\ ».».: ,'„•■'•     " -,' yi -,* ;"".,"•-' _"i *V -, '    •'
."•'    Residence 21 .Victoria"Ave. '
■*.
• l\ V
W; R. Ross K.- C.-': "t v;..        W. S. Lane.
* t?. '. ;' -.;- lyyy-^ ~-.-.'"-'..
-  ROSS, MACDONALD and LANEv :
Fernio, B. C.'^-<
Canada'.'
L. P. Eckstein
• ■• .7-,"Y«Kv '
D. E. MeTaggart- 7
1-"C- A .P-.-'-. a    ..'"■• "I1"
y^'.
.'^v.
',V<
Cox Street
ECK8TEJN & McTAGGART.y .,[
" Barristers and Solicitors     '_ V;,
Fernio B. C.
--   i
F.C. Lawe
-Alex. I. Fisher,
LAWE &.Ff8HER
*•    -ATTORNEYS   ,
Fernie, B, C. -
-'.{
_..      Our    abominable,-   feudalists were apparently;_s^nt toere by, Supt.
methods ot managing • the   education I De.ane'' but there are a ^™, of plain
of ouV-youth'- keep, those who would.clothes men wh° have, been commis-
and  could .apply   science to industry sion(& to •»<*■ as. police at,the request,
in" gross  ignorance,   and" under   the!°f the company.   They are the great;
domination • of   brutal' superstitions, i aversion of the .miners, and-if the;sto-,
As'a result, the men who labor are!^8 toldof them W.*™. «»e, men-
ignorant, of science,  and cannot ap.|,.have good reason for'objecting to their
ply it, to making their-work more ef.l Presence... They .are said.to-be-using
fective and easier;     II is left • to the \ threa.ts to incite the foreign ,el^ent.,.
"boss,' the .supervisor or manager", to, Bloodcurling Threats .
teach the men .how to do their work I- The Slavs are being told that unless,
successfully. -Tbe remedy is science I they return to work soldiers will.be:
in the primary-school/science in thei lF0U^t in Pd their hSus« *W**\
high" school, science in * the college, ■ burned d^'n-" B>' this "means it-*s,
science' in every - workshop and ■. in]bored.to frighten the men into.return-j
every  industry, - taught 'not to a few i inS to work.     These '■special;" police j
THE FERNIE
;.  .77. ;_(i y;  ., ;■    ■;.
LIMBER CO.
'";:' UA. McDougall,' Mgr   ,' -
' >■———i-"
-,..     .' .        .'     - " '  ,,   -      ,   '•   ;
Manufacturers of and Deal«
'   *;'*.*.■- \* ■. -■
■\ ers in all kinds of Rough
7.,   and Dressed Lumberr ,
*v"" * *   - ' c
"    '' ', y *y y *p I	
Send us jour orders
YV;
y
managers,-.-but,to every man who"labors. - That w.ill make labor interesting and efficient, the boss may bV dismissed,, and 7thc wages system  may"
also carry big clubs and some of. them
have a-'Vicious looking revolver exposed sufficiently to have an.awe,inspiring effect on themeri.   They have been
l»^iMarf<^Mntlquari>d*^
scientific' management will have* a
meaning,-arid prove trjdy workable.—
N. Y. Call.     • "t
Fire Bosses Quit
To Support Men
' :     _ J   i
Refused to Work With Non-Union
Miners—Are Later Served with
' Eviction Notices
Tho effort ot the coal companies to
start work at'the mines at Canmoro
and Dankhead had fallod up to Saturday night. Tho whistles blow on Prl-
dny and Sntu'rdav and thoro was no response, A dosporato effort, howovor,
is being mado to stampede tho foreign
olomont among tho minors and .to-day
was looked up as likoly to croato a
crisis. If any portion ot tho Slavs returned it would bo rogardod as tho
bcglnnlg of the end; and on tho other
hand If they stick by their English
fellow-miners the companios will hnvo
to try some now move.,,
The prolonged Btrike is having a serious offect on both aides, to say nothing of tlio groat suffering likely to result on tho pralrlos owing to tho
shortage of fuel.
An Alberton representative visited
Ilankhoad on Monday and found ovory
thing very quiet, but thoro was distressing ovldenco of tho company starting that nastlnoss nnd cruelty of which
only a strong financial corporation
could bo guilty In a civilized community. Mon of tho highest cbaractor, who
havo worked faithfully for tho company for years aro being ordered to
vacato their houses and move with
their fnmllloii and belonging from
llankliead "fonsvor," Tho great public
shares the popular delusion that tho
magnificent. National park in tho
Rorkles Is tho proporly of tho pooplo
of Cannda. Not nil of If,. In Dnnk-
head thero is a largo ocrcngo under
n« {"^p-Wlr- *\v<!\ .,* .,..!..t
•c
Liver  Compound   a   delicious   tonic—j "J'1"em, under   a   now management.
wwlXt *± w>i »;»•■'*;-*, *.~u u.i.i.t* ys* .siiv   no,,*  tu>i   tnii?  ttoirt    li'iKiiil    Hie
*T& Ullwben you feel youmlf \<*l*g l^!!f*^T" ,n h",T T
year trip.   It's \ pleasure to take-  ,em- nnrI ««**«"ti   no   provision   for
enn the children like It. apprenticeship or a better system of
Get ■ bottle to-day and ward off  industrial  training.     Given  men al-
he shows how slowly and
pnlnfiilly  n  j-rtnu of mon   tva:;  con
Jveriod lo iho new methods, ono at a
_ {time.     Taylor estimates that It will
WLfto tr$     ireomire   five   years to change   over
jsjb yi|L w^wjm j£.   ifrom 'l"~ ,'■,*ltlon*• w*th<xis to
~"^ Tr'L-  t0f CBA tnrtory trhlrh   wipfrtr*»'T   the
[most   efficient   identlfic   mana««rs,
hhofo fnmlllnr with the now system
and believing tn It. but where the
Ings which you have been pormittod
to occupy, by the fluid company,'it being a condition that tho said lands and
promises bo so dolivored up on tho
termination of your employment with
the Bald company."
"And whereas your employment line
boon terminated now you wrongfully
hold over contrary to tho agrement
and have not gone out of possession
and hold against the rlghla of the said
eompnny, hnvlng no rights to' continue
in possession thereof, or otliorwlso
fiowsoovcr.
"And you aro further ordered upon
tho Borvlco of thte demand upon you
to forthwith and Immediately deliver
up possession of and go out from the
Innds and promises taking, with you
your household effects and chattels of
ovory' kind nnd description ,and that
you and your family and household do
loavo the promises and buildings above
men Honed forovor,
< And herein falling so to do you will
bo forthwith procoodod against without further notico according' to tho
strict rigours of tho law nnd of the
Statutes and Ordinances In thnt bo-
hnlf.
Tn wltnoss whereof tho company has
hereunto cauted Its corporato seal to
be affixed and attested to tho hand in
It proper officer.
" DANKHEAD MINKS MMITRD,
II. T. Coon, Trcas.
Who Draw Up the Notloa
Tho notice was gotten up In legal
sorlouslv. and *hnrn If nf lii'f 1«« *f    ;     :-; .;■,---.;.!. *..;...,.,.,.; ....>.«.... » «....* «» ..,<, «.vu.jiuii} u«-im u*y hi« yurwy taavy.   \juvai hi a
flclenoy,   NoverlliPless It shows Rr«at(part nf 1tu«i«dn, nnd ♦tmrmr-IHTf- fruM-Mnrhort, nnd vrWh a nlre ploi-r trf dailt  iriilk-  uUa   \wUi>i,  In a Uivruhiv
unoffending men and that >the- Bank- j
head Mining Company, said to.be an-,
other name.for the. Canadian Pacific
Railway company, own' this section of
Canada's national park is" evidenced by'
tho stationing 'of these police so lis to
prevent intercourse between one' section of the men and the other.
Like Centre Street Bridge ;
One group of men) foreigners, live
across tho river which la bridged by
what is apparently "a company-owned
bridge and no one Ib allowed to cross It
Not only docs It .keep these people
from gaining access to the stores but It
enables the rnen engaged ln trying to
break up the union to "play" the Slavs
against" Italians in their effort to
breed discord,' '
Colly Macleod's Schedule    . > -
According to union loadors, the
Bchedulo of wages' and conditions
which havo boon posted up and signed
"P. W. Guernsoy, Manager,", aro, not,
tho - schedule contained In tho "majority roport" of tho ■ Conciliation
Doard's finding nnd which the operators wired Hon, Mackenzie King they
woro ngreolng to; and which thoy also
Informed tho-joint mooting of boardb
of trade at Mncleod they had accepted.
Tlie Bchedulo posted up is based on
the findings of Colli^ Macieod, r-»prv-
pehtatlvo of the operator on the con
cilictlon board an,J which differ mu-
toilfilly from Dr. Gordon's findings,
particularly In roforonce to contract
work. Whllo tho prlco'ls raised a
llttlo tho quantity of work to bo dono
lms' linen Increased from -10 to 50 por
cent.' This flguros out in money oarn-
Ing possibilities' considerably below
what tho men woro earning boforo tho
strike started.
Could 8trlke be Settled
The question arises could tho strlko
bo settled, The Albortan representative gathered from tho mon, that It
could but not without recognition of
tho union, Tlio operators stand by
tho principle of collective action and
tho minora tool that thoy have not
roceivod tho measure of public sympathy coming to them. Thoy toll at
not only severe work, but extra liasard-
oils and not ono consumer ot coal In a
thousand realizes, that when ho la
soaked $7 for a ton of soft coal and
$8 and $0.50 for, hard conl, tho minor
gotn nbout US cents of the money. All
tho-stories about, earning |8 and $10
m utty wre purwy laocy.   uuce in a
B0Y1L
10 TEL
FERNIE
msam
j
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
" Up-to-date
-Call in and
see us once
JOHN P0DBIELAN0IK, Prop.
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fornie
Ft'inlo's Lending Commercial
and Tourist IIouhc
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141. Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p. m.^MIncra' Union Hall, W.
A Worthlngton, President} B, J.
Good, Socrolary. .
Bartenders' Local No, 814: Meets 2nd
and 4th Riinrlnvn nt ">W pw* «3oo»n
tnry J. A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
beesoM he knows alt about It, ,
For lialo In Kernie snn ouarantced by|*om<**
N, k. bUOUAUV
merits, and la undoubtedly a vast
Kain over the old mothods of traditional and rule of thumb management.
As set forth by Tavlor i-rlcnMfif
management ahows one conspicuous
llrnitatlon, in that he connects It Intimately with tho wages systom. The
wages system Ib condomned of pro-"
Kress and civilisation, simply because
It Is an attenuated phrase of slavery
nn-l eerMoiu, a aurvlval Uam a past
outgrown In nearly every other direction. The wjjw* *>Ht«.in iiftnnot \>«
made anything #l»e than a species of
slavery, and to condemn It nnder the
name of ws^slarery I* In tvery r«*
apect hlatort<ally correct, and |n»tt-
fled by ererj wodt-rn fact connected
wftfi ff. It It onu of tlw ftctwl Liiuau
Institutions which grew op in the
pant that Hnip-ra on into an age of
tiesof tho company is aeon In the eviction actions which have been commenced. The head! of the union havo
received written notice to give up tho
hotlRM wt)lr">i   tirrt nimi/iil  T*w t"n-»  h«i-.
potation  and on Monday  four other
heeds of families received by registered mall notice of eviction process.
Hre Bosses Quit Work
On Friday when the company decided to Ignore the union and start tho
rii!fu,j» hU ot tho "fire bosses"   quit j or, weakening,
work.    Thf»y refused to work   with) His Only Fault—Unionism
"scabs." and went heme. Twenty-four Mr. \V. ix***, who w-presents, tbe
hours later four of them who are union dn the eteeutlve, hss been not!-
msrrW »cn. Mewra C^ Hartley, flei! to tf?e ep j>OM«t!oa of Jd« toaw.
blue ribbon ns trimming' designed, no! spot whore ihe coal comes out easy
doubt, to inspire awe. Tho document i thoy do make such an amount and to
was apparently drawn up In the of-j offset It many another day they nro In
flee of tho counsel for the company, | debt to the "hack hand" ns the assls-
strvmg suspicion who the counsel \%,
This action has of course created a
strong spirit of resentment among the
mon and is very distressing to the
wives and children Implicated, but It
la not going to cause any stampeding
McDonald and Thompson, received   a
notice as follows, by registered mall;
Osmand for FesssMlen
by demar.4 and requires that yoa forthwith varflt<». qciir. and deliver up pos-
organised Indojtry and sdenre;   but settles nt tfe* Und*, Ws»e *»d l«IM-
Mr. I^es Is as fine type of man »s
could be found anywhere. An earn**!
Christian man, he regards character as
"TU, tUnkh«ad Mtnet Limited here- tb* nlgbeet «esentla) in life nnd has
consistently tried to do what Is fs»r
and right, ffe has been a good leader
and It Is tfce tafltaetvte of ns«a like t.e
Tho average wage ot a man will not
exceed $S0 to |60 a month. If there'
was steady work It would bo a different story, but the days nt work average 18 a month. Every time tho bunks
are full of coal the men are laid off.
Situation tt Canmore
The situation at Pnnmorw Is jmww
thing similar to that at Bankliond,
only that the minora are all foreigners
unable to apeak, English. Mr. Lees,
representative on the U. M. W. of A
executive, went to tbe ramp on Friday, but was ordered away by the
police. Up to Saturday night the
whistle bW In; rnln at Pnnmore and
(Continued or, page 7)
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd and 4th Thursday Mlnorrii
Union ball.    D. Hoes, 3e\
Typographical Union No. 555r Moots
last Saturday In each month at the
Ledger Office. A. J, Duckloy, Secretary,
Loeal Parnlt No, 17 8. P. ef C. Meet*
in Minors Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.4S p.m. Everybody welcome. 1).
I'aton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amaloamatad Society Carpinttra and
Jolnars:—Weet in Uinara Hall every
alternate Thursday at S o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. »07.
1
United Drothsrhoeo* of Carpantars and
Jelnsra^—Loeat IHO. D. J. Evans,
Prealdtnt; V. II. Shaw, Secretary*
a^a^^ffia'.^s*,"*' ,s>'*~TM".""'
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THE DI8TBICT.LEDGER, FERNIE;   B. 0., SEPTEMBER 2, 1911.
£' *.   '
- V
ft'" -■:--.f-
t*yw
/
ft  . ,; r-
. ?'„
r
(I
.,- All co'al.'miners ja^yurged'-to ;'stay away ii-qin; Al-',
rta/and 'Eastern ^ntish^CDlWibia.^as', the: strike' is~'
berta;
s^iir on
■/'
.m'
Tout mineiir de carbon est prio de' lie,, pas vonir'a.
la province de la Colombia Anglaise (BassinKootenay)
puisqii'il y existe une grove d'ouvrie'rs de mine.
 ■•    ••    ■    ■ :'   ■ ■    .-: •>:    '--'     / v.
LIBERAL MEET
reciprocity
7 Tutti j.Minatori di Calorie sononchiesti di starsi'
lontani...dalle7mine jieli'  Alberta  edel -East  British
Gphiihbia, perche iLstrike'ancora-non o finitoV
,    ,V setcy.uhlokopy su'uppvedomeny stahovat sa do -
^Albertyabo^yichodnej British Columbie. pone vac. tarn
este'stavka' trva na dalej. ,       -■•■., :   -   >•
District 18,U.M.W.off:A;/.. '
September, 1911
SHED FOR ENGLAND
In a Territorial "Camp
My land';„and ye who therein dwell
." From coast to guarded coast; ..' -
"Tar be ?t, from me to toll.to tell;" .''
"And farther still to^boast.'.
,But here'from out these;brbiling»tents
And a" most'droughty'throat.1   •>
-I hope I may,'at-all events. • , .
Just call on you1 to"'note"." ,   ' ~;
Thati-though my.'work be little -worth*
• .. My'foot* no ioniser fleet,-   -" '--
,'And one of r-;well, of generous girth
.  Doe's sorely'.feel the heat;7.
■ ■' - ,     ■, '    ,  \
1 Despite,this 80 in the shade,
y ; At "duty's "cart have' I ' „   '
Forpwb'rn, my flnnnoV'^ oaae and laid
.,  The airy blazer by."
't        , - -
I'vo belted there and strapped on'hero
1' This whole confounded kit,
This swathing, croaking mass of gear—
Phew! but just think of it!    -
- Hark ye 1 nphel'orod homos, I've lost
-   Moro than mere blood this daiy •
But what know ye of fighting's cosl
Who think but of the fray?,
England, I havo not bled for thee,
...Though with all forvor fired.' - -' .
That tnav o*' happily, may not'bo,
Dut, oh!   I havo porsplredl   ■
London Pinch,
pRiees OF BEEP TO
80AR EVEN HIGHER
CHICAGO, Aug, 24.—A shortago of
good beef on tho Chicago market Is
said to bo responsible for tho boosting
ef the prices of ih.it grado of moat.
An advance of 1 to VA cents a, pound
Is expected within tho next fow days.
On January 1, 1011, prlmo\boof on
foot sold In Chlcn-p> nt $3.15 to }8,i!0.
On August 7 it was $1 loss.
spoctlvoly. ' On August" 1 tho retail
prices wero 24 and 18 cents, respective
explain tho contrast
COAL IN IRELAND
The Morning-Post says'the constant
rumors about the.discovery/of coal in
Ireland and "now about to-materialize.
■The 'coal'-area Is situated near, Castle-
joniei_in7a^*jnln_boimded_hylK:ili.-pnnyv
Marybbrough'nndCarlow.: ' There are
several collieries already .working in
the district, but-up to the present the
only coalobtiilned has been anthracite..
Slr'Edward Hull some,years ago expressed the opinion that the lower
seams contained steam coal, but hitherto it-has not been possible'to worlc
It in "any quantity." Mr. Price Williams recently visited a newly-opened
pit at Graceflcld, at the northern end
of the plain: nnd sent Mr. Dowling, of
tho ltoyal College of Science In Ireland,', samples of "the,, coal--'obtained,
Mr.; Dowllng'a, report shows| that'' tlie
conl obtained corresponds closely- in
specific gravity and burning power
to the'best Welsh 'steam coal.; It'is
estimated that there aro over" a hundred-million tons of this coal. In-the
field. Tlio/sonmB are only, about two
feet thick, which is, of course a difficulty, but Mr, Williams believes that,
with the aid,of new machinery, thoy
can bo profitably worked—Tlie Science
and Art of Mining.
•",7/ ~ (Continued-from.page 3) 7,vy
tjie' noblest imperial -spirit^vei* .known
in'the history,of':'th>;,wibrid.\tyBy^it
the people are able ,'io "exercise their
franchise where and;\yhen jhey" choose,
and'.withoiit any festrictipnB^'frSm • the
mother country .y-" That y?aa! the "policy
adopted byy'Great/-':/Britain^'hL, 1850,
about ,tlie same/time,: that; th'e\ repeal
of the..Com Law; tobk^place. \7;' "• ,
, I, love to- think-of .they history,'and
liberty .'of Great' Britain'r.'that glorious liberty which'"was still further, secured ^by the revolution.*':-,-,The, Ameri-.
can Revolution-- was. absolutely "essen-
tjai' in order'.that Great;,;-Britain; and
iier colonies pould.enjoy, that freedom
which, they enjoy "today, y.- ■ t-- ',- -'
With much'in.a similar'strain did
Mr.' Qongdon retain ■ the interest and
attention of his audience. 7 Speaking
with regard to the remarks frequently
made by gentlemen-of the Opposition
that Canada had arrived at the parting
of the ways, Mr. Congdon said that he
was sure that anybody acquainted with
politics muBt realize,that In making
use pt that remark Mr. Talt had been
merely using a quotation and that he
had, used it in a commercial -sensfe,
and not in the' political sense which
the-opponents of reciprocity would
have the people to-believe',.' He apologized for the length of time.he had
taken up in, dealing with matters-in
which perhaps they .were riot vitally
interested, though the attention they
had given to him led him to believe
that -' the ■' various matters discussed
had been appreciated, not only, as
things directly concerning them, but as'
things that concerned the whole of the
people of Canada, and, if tho people of
Canada realized that this treaty that
was about to be ratified was made in
their,interests, and not for the "Interests,"'he was sure they'would go to
the poll and vote strongly In favor of
the treaty. He recognized that the
welfare of the. country depended on
the.welfare of-the people that dwell
iri its cottages', and condemned in no
measured terms the impudent request
of the .Conservative party to turn*down
the reciprocity pact at the Instance of
the "House of Lords "of Canada"—the"
Canadian'-Manufacturers' Association.'
"With regard-to" the automobile industry which' Mr. Goodeve claimed
would be put out of business in the
event of .the' new tariff regulations
becoming, law, .Mr. Congdon pointed
out that the duty-on automobiles going Into the United States was 3(\ per
cent" at the present.time'^aiid.declared-
Fire Bosses Quit
(Continued from page 6)
tho .flrBt few days of this week will
tell tho story. If tho companies sue
coed In Intimidating tho foreigners
with the polloo, tho backbone of tlio
fltrlko will bo broken/and tho end
will lie ln Bight. - Should the forolg-
nors stand by tho union tho companies
would bo woll advised to rcsumo negotiations forasottlomont. Tho minors say a donil sot ls being inado at
Canmoro and Dankhead owing to their
being Isolated from tlio Crow's Nost
I'sbb group of mlnoB.
At Danhhonil tho camp Is roducod to
The retail price por pound of ribs and loins about SOOnwin oTwhich kliouToT'..™ '7 ?Mn^ffat,W0"Id "'N «»<>»■ the
on January 1 was 18 and 12 cohtB, tc Kngllsh spon „B    in   a   stroot   of ,08 "* °7h? Try *m\ n",, lh<5
.«.,•«,.   ■ «.  ...»  MvoBlvo co tnRos only ono is Spied tUrn'nB °Ut °f tho '"°n' W"W bfl dl8.
prices wero 24 and 18 cents, ronpootlvo. Many of tho former employees ore in V,   "°runK" m,M "° mmw
ly.    Packers and retailors refuse to Ca,«ary and S'JSt^^ ^2^^ .IT ,,,n ,aCt°r,°B
-Calgary Allmrtan,
»•»
List of Locals District 18
fJO.         NAME SEC. and P. 0. ADORE88
Tit   Bankltoad , li, Whoatloy, Uankhoad, J\|ta.
481   Heaver Crook  P. Qauglilon, IJeavcr Greek, via Plncher
431   Bollovuo  j, Durko, IJolIovuo, Frank, Alta.
»iii   lumuuotu,,,  u. J. cnase, iilalrmoro, Alta,
51?   Uurwla J^*-,  J^tbyklUst, Uutmti, Aita.
2227   Carbondalo J. H. Hyslop, Carbondalc, Coleman, Alta.
J387   Cardiff ; J. p«jt«, Cardiff, Alta,
1378   Canmore ,,,,, N," D. Thttchuk, Qanmoro, Alta.
2J33  CoI«tnan w, arabam, Coloman, Alia.
*'♦»*   ".o.uni li, Juhc-*, VjOitiin, u,c.
112(1  Chinook Mines .... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
2178  Diamond City Charlos Orban, Diamond City, Lothbrldge.
2314   Fernie  Thoi. Uphill, Fernie, R U,
12«3  Frank  0, Nleol, Frank, Alta.    ,
'5407. .Hosmer w. Dalderstone, Hosmer, n. C.
1058 HlUcrest  J. O. Jones. Hlllori-st, Alts,
874   Uthbrldge U Moore, P. 0. Box 113, l.«thbrld«e
1189   l^Mhbrldtte Co11Ierl«>s Frank Iturlnghrim, floe,, rift,. KIpp, Alta.
m*  L,»«  W, U Bvaui, Lille, Frank, Alta
1829   Maple Leal  «. Ollday, Maplo I^saf, nsllorue. Alia.
$334   Michel  M. Burroll, Michel, D, a
14   Monarch Mlas.... Horace Woodleld, Taber, Alia.
258»   Royal View Tbe*. n. PUber, Iteyal Collieries, l^thbrtdge, AH n
* 102   Taber William Henri!, Tsber, Alls.
1059 Taber  E. E. ratlerson. Taber, Alia.
most emphatically' that anj' industry
which'could not grow and flourish with
ir 30 per cent protection in its favor
did not deserve-to"do so.
But why this opposition on the part
of the'--Canadian Manufacturers' Association?" if the new tariff regulations are not adverse to„their Interests,
if__they will not .injure tho Industries,
why did thoso 18 "multi-millionaires
sign a manifesto,against them?, Why
did,the 40 men in England sign a manifesto, against the Lloyd George Budget? asked Mr. .Congdon. Because It
was going to ruin them? Well/I have
not yet heard of any of'thorn going
bankrupt, nor will these men of Toronto bo,seriously affected.
When the National Policy wns,Introduced in 1888, Sir Charlos Tupper,
ono of tho greatest defondcrs, had said
tliat It wbb not Intended that-any industry should ■ receive protection' for
more than 15 years. I hnvo no hesitation ln saying, Bald Mr. Congdon, that
I mysolf am nii out end out "Bi'lMBb.
Freo Trader, but I realize that ln Canada we ii.ust go gradmiliy. Wo must
not bo revolu'.ionnry. 111 step by si'cp
\\e must nd\mico, pilling down iho
protective tariff wnlls by reducing
them, until within a reasonable longth
of tlmo wo get down tb absolute free
trade. Froo trado today in Great
Britain ls supported by many large
manufacturing concerns In that country. Thoy know lta advantages, and
I boltove tho majority of tlio manufacturing concerns In Canada will also ro-
alizo its, benefits after they have had
experience of It. — It would bo a groat
mistake if nnythlng of a revolutionary
character woro attomptod In that ro-
Bpoet ln this country. Every sano man
will agroo with mo that a revolutionary change that would bring about the
turning out of tho mon, would bo (lis
astrous and tho chango mint bo mndo
continuous operations
Just listen to tho howl of llieso poor
pork packers down in Ontnrlo! This
pact will ruin tho' pork packing industry, says poor Mr. —. How will It
injure It? asks Mr, Fleldlm*. Why,
because wo cannot buy tho pigs, tlio
farmers will hoihI Ihom to Hie United
Htnlos because thoy will pay higher
price. Well, said Mr. Fielding, will
that not bo hotter for the formers?
Wo find that tho Davis Pork Packing Company has made an nverngo profit of oyer GO per cent,, nnd In one
year It was over 100 per cent, and
yot, thoy gay tho'now tariff regulations will put them out of (justness by
placing iTiern )u competition with other
people who will be proparoil to pay a
higher price to tho fariwrs for the
Ptga. ;,
Mr. Congdon terminated Ills forceful
and Instructive speech
miriation to" support the
pact with their ;votel
;Th© rapt,attention accorded to the
speaker, punctuated at frequent" intervals by laught'er-'at his quaint stories/
and forceful applause as • some, striking point,was eloquently made,-.cleaV
ly.. demonstrated ithat' this- gentleman,
as an,-exponent^bf; the subject under
consideration, not "only had a complete
mastery of .all'the' details;, but,likewise a" most"acceptable" mode* of presentation.- '. ■ Cheers for the/Liberal
candidate, Doctor King, were* given at
the, expiration^ of a- short speech by
Mr. -Robert ..Draper, who had . been,
granted a seat .on5 the .platform and the
privilege of speaking as fa.' Socialist
spokesman for a'large number-of the
citizens of Ferniej a^privilege which
was not vouchsafed to anyone outside
of the^Conservatives themselves * at
the meeting recently held by Mr. Good-,
eve, although such courtesy had been
promised by the;Cpnservative,-candidate'at the commencement; of the pro
ceedings.
\
Nowhere. In the Pass can be
found  In such  a display  of
Meats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, ' Veai, ^' Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56
Hotel
Stanley St.   -  Nelson
Best Family, and Working man's
Hotel in City; nicely furnished
rooms' with Bath. ' Beds; 50c.
each, meals, 35c.
A Union House
Prop., J. S. BARRATT
i. Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?jm
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
tmmmm
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
Feme-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
Beer
and
I Porter
4	
I BottltKl Goods a Siwialfy
Deafness Cannot Bo Cured
Y.J   .     6 !! " '?Ml •nii|««"'««. »• i>*y turn i-mcIi lit* di*.
.., With A few Woll   t»**iwm.<m of Iho nr.. TWr» I* «nlr om w»v la
*Wr» remarks In which |1C appealed i^i^'^^'^^^ffl'll^rTC
to hi. auditors ud emphasis the im- ?J^i$t?lX$ WX*&&?JZtt,\t
e4 the various Issuos along ironrl line*,    «* *<«»«»«?•; »«**»« rwu» nrwi*m «r
...i tm.i-A ui-, — i ...      r>»ln«» i»»»»«l h» nurrM th«l cannot U mrea
ana trusted his own remarks, and the nr n»m nurm ow, ^* t™ ttmfonjri*.
verr able ««*.«««!«* .««,« #« «»„.„,    „,„,, br r>rUrrt.-.Vva,KJ"B,r * m-*'«**to- °-
1*U lUU* »»»«» ntu lornnMlMttan.
very tble enplsnation glr<ii fo tht„.
by Mr. Vl<h/ir, would ctiahtc tticm to -
j go to (he poll sstrong In their deter- LEDGER  ADS. OBT THE   MONEY
PAGE  SEVEN 7  ¥&%
=============== i,  ^'%
The Paper that gets there
Cf. Advertising* that advertises is the
'   sort  desired  by, persons   seeking'
publicity for their wares. .
C]f Selecting the medium is important—the publication that reaches
the people'—'the wage-earners—
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space. :   w_,
<]f Its an easy matter to acquire
space in a pa^er^but its another
point to get adequate returns from
•the;outlay. • -'
5(f Advertisements,. that sell. goods
 arfiL_th fi_:a.cL<i7_th « f_ ca\\ a n reQ_o#.an_.i n A	
make' interesting .reading from time ■'
to time,- giving facts and figures!'
."•       -   -       ,      '      ' •     ,,    \        ',^ ,   ■     '
*§ Any arrangement oE type.matter
and words in a paper is hot advertising. , A well written and neatly.."
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
. undiscovered. Discover your busi.-,;
ncss with the use of Printers. Ink. .
<F Get acquainted with your custo- .
, mcrs, meet thehi weekly through
'tlie columns of .'this paper, gain their ,
confidence through' doing as you
advertise to dp and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success;.
SF Let the new comers know who
, you are and advertise your business.
flF The District Ledger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should bo your special medium to
tell your weekly story. Just try---
can't tell until you try.
Complete Job department
Addr&ss all communications to
The District Ledger
,   N
<>»lli4l^>ltSSljftlM
Bi
rifeM«ggegMIWMi^'-J,i""
^-■j^jwiiaMMhtN,*,,,-^^,^^,^^^^,^ -f— ■-mdt-iiMm-nii»-srtii'iii
tatUuMate m Crow's Nest
Trading Company, V ltd.
The Store of Good Values
Specials
'3,
A comparison of values will convince you that
our every day Grocery values are excelled by none
while the special offerings for Saturday and Monday selling more than ever insure-a considerable
saving to the careful housekeeper.
A Car of Preserving
Fruits for next week
Pearl Laundry Soap, a special soap for hard .
^   water, 5 bars' ' '     25c.
- Sunny Monday Laundry Soap, 4 bars for .'.   25c.
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins for    25c.
Lighthouse Cleanser, 3 tins for     25c.
C. and B: and Robertson's Marmalade, lib <
'   jars ■ -  v ...   20c;
Keillor's Pure Fruit Jams, 1 lb jars     20c.
C.and B. Vinegar, Imperial pints, 2 for     25c.
Fish and Game Past in Glass, each • 15c.
Canada First Cream, 20 oz tins, 3 tins tor     25c.
. 2 lbs. tins Table Syrup, each .. ..      10c.,
> 3 lb tins Old Country Tea -     $1.35
'3 lbs tins Economic, Tea '.." :...    90c..
Sheriff's Jelly Powders, 4 pkts for     25c.
"Wellington Knife Polish,, each   :.    15c.
Oglive's Cream Rolled Oats, 8 lbs bags 0  30c.
Cream of "Wheat. Breakfast Food, 2 pktsior °35c.
Lowney's Chocolate Creams, regular 50 c. lb
special '. * ; 7   30c.
Old Dutch Coffee, 1 lb tins, regular 50c.
special  ' '...' - ..... f 40c .-
Here arid There
Dr. Dixon, of Spokane, Vas registered at the "Napanee" n Tuesday.   -
Dobson and -Willingham are putting
In a steam, heating plant in the Todd
Block just recently purchased. •  ',-
G. G. Meikle, of the New Michel Reporter, -was in town in Tuesday attending the Reciprocity meeting. /
'Our Letter Box"
The Cranbrook Herald Is now coming out as a 4-page dally, doubtless
while the election campaign ls on. '
Mrs. R. Hamilton, of Vancouver, and
child, are in'the, city visiting Mr. Hamilton's parents, McPherson, Avenue.
Peter McLean left on -Wednesday
morning for Plncher Creek, where he
will work'at his trade as carpenter.
Mr. Burnham, manager of the Lilliputian Opera Co., was ln town during
the week and registered at the Waldorf.
A large number, of prominent Fernie
citizens attended - the funeral of the
late Fred Sheridan at Elko on Monday
last., „ '   .-   >
A run of 23 miles in one hour, from
Elko to Fernie,- Is", not bad travelling
with'Ford, Motor can -Letcher's car
did it.
Tho IsIs Theatre certainly looks, in-
vitlng-, and from what we have seen
Manager Conley is going after the
business.
The Isis Theatre runs a continuous
show from ,7.30 to'll'p!m. so that
no matter when -you drop in you see'
a complete run of pictures.
C. A. Howard/accompanied by Mrs.
Howard, returned,! to the coast last
Saturday, via.G. N.. They registered
at the Waldorf while'In "town.
. _ ..-.-   (Continued from.page 6)'*'.-°;
respectfully' Invited' to' paste; thV above
in their hats.;;*'-.,      ,.*•• v--~-v*„:     "v,'
Rumors have been current' to the effect that\. the!- Bellevue. Local offlcere
have not approached the company yith
the "offer of signitig'a temporary agreement re construction and" extensive'repairs both inside and'outside the minV
These are, the'facts of the *case*70n
March 31st the "superintendent, Mr. J.
R. MacDonald was'asked by the secretary of the Local to furnish a list of
the number of men. required to work
after the agreement "expired, and their
occupations, the same being' required
by'the District Executive Board.-The
list' mentioned was-forwarded to the
District Board, who  in.- acknowledging same stated that certain conditions
had to be complied with before permission could be granted for the members to go to work.-,   Some time later
Board Member Jones visited Bellevue
for the purpose of conferring with
the r-superintendent.     The  result.,of
their conference being that Jones said
the Executive Board were willing to
permit men to woric outside if the company were prepared to give an understanding in writing that should ah- Increase be granted on the old schedule
of wages, it (the,Increase) would be
paid from the first day and for every
day. worked on the first pay day after
the agreement, was signed:    'Also that
the company would deduct dues, etc.,
as per the old agreement.   It was distinctly' understood' that' the-offer did
not include the," inside of mines.   The
superintendent .stater that-'.he Would
fay the proposition, before Mr. Coul-'
thard, the general manager, and promised to give an answer to'the Local
Secretary assdonas possible.     The
answer Mr. MacDonald brought back
from Blairmore was "Nothing doing."
In the early, part of - June the Local
of competition hetween/the.n^^j-^
of the working class-is'. no't-Sci"^
There are many of ,°ar .countryi^g,-,,^*
ing in the U. s-,and.they.;Kav^,tar^
well, therefore, they.liave-bobojj,^ $$
zens of that -country'. b'ecaua£r-*£e^
found It to their own. tater«^ts't&sa0"-.-/-
Thetim'e is fast coming, when j^' -•aj
tribtism ' that the" polltlciams^' £$^
so much about and which1 isi^s^cUonar
and race hatred" they are, tr^l fo
teach,-will give room to'a'''patriptiSm»
that includes the peopie'.of th^'"^Qle
world - and not small portions' 0j ,tv-
earth's surface.  -'.77-^   - ;"*">„■,'-,. „-,
Joe Goupill, one of the boys well
known through the Pass, left on Sunday for Lethbridge,' where he will rusticate. "For over two years he was
one of the boys "behind" at the Waldorf.    -      -       " -     "
Mrs.- W. 'A. Ingram and family left
this week for 'Toronto, where they will
spend thejhext 'six months. While
away their youngest daughter, Netta,
will undergo an operation in the1 hope
of effecting a permanent cure for her
ailment.        '".   "   '   . ^	
had permission -froma the' Executive
Board to approach"the superintendent
re the making of "a temporary agree-'
ment, and the president and the secretary waited upon him for the purpose.
The secretary stated that they (the
officers) were; pleased to state that
permission'had.been granted by the
Executive Board^ allowing members to
work on construction and extensive
repairs If certain condition's' were
complied with by the company! 'These
conditions" were precisely the same as
were required by^Board Member Jones
referred to above. ''■
The superintendent," without hesitation, stated' that'hie had.,"sufficient
men'in the'mine'for the present," but
he "might 'need .some more..in the
course of a few weeks." He was
asked how many-men he had working
Fit-Reform went to the Coronation
and brought home a shipload of
novelties.
Fit-Reform saw the King, and the Dukes and Earls and Baronets.  Fit-Reforrn saw
them in their coronation robes—and also in their suits of Tweeds and Worsteds.
i
Fit-Reform saw the styles as worn by the "first gentlemen" of Europe—and brought
back exclusive ideas
nnd patterns that have
been incorporated into
the new Fall Suits and
" Overcoats.
Slu[) m and *cc tlie
new fall Styles as perfected by Fit-Reform.
Wfl
tmam     maHtti ^^
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
I! 3ole Agents in pernio
in the mine'aKthat 'time, and-he
said about 24. He was then asked if
they were all'certified fire bosses, and
his-reply was'that'1 they were with
three exceptions, viz.,; two driver bos£
es and one* man'; wfto" he understood
had been at one tlm'e'a^ night tipple
boss. ' Having-accomplished their purpose,' that <!of Informing him of the
willingness of the "men to start work
if certain conditions "were complied
with, the committee"'withdrew. Since
that time, however, the superintendent
has stated that there never had been
an offer made to him, but when con-
fronted with the secretary he staled
that-perhaps tho offer had been mado
but that he (tho superintendent) must
havo misunderstood'; It. . There has
been' rumor to the effect that tho company had made overtures to the officials of the Local to sign an agreement similar to tho' agreement ln vogue at Hlllorost, hut this wo absolutely deny. ,
This has boon written for tho purpose of disabusing tho Ideas 'which
havo been hold by some persons on.
tho abovo matter,.
Yours truly,
THE LOCAL OFFICERS,
Bollovue, Alta.
TO THE BRITI8H (?) BORN."
MR. OILMORE 18 AT HIS BEST
In a revival of tho play that mado
him a star, a critic writes:      ;;
Tho most fashionable audlonco of
tho season wNn«n«(| Paul Ollraoro In
"The Mummy and tho Hummliiir Wry"
at tho Academy of Music laat night.
The play was woll balanced    nnd
everybody enjoyed It.    It deals with
' the most sacred relation*--marriage—
and the greatest in-polling force In life
—lore.    As » play "The Mummy and..,.. „.„ ....„„. uw. MVk..^„ lv „,
*h« Jlnmmfntf Wrf'-l-r a tesson, a study {acting at all; U ulay* Urn ItuuLauil
In human nature tho differences in
man's and woman's nature, and should
ho Invariably observed—or dlgostod.
Paul (lllmoro Is Burroundcd with a
well bnlancod cast who were entirely
capnble of supporting tho star. Tho
company la altogether a new onu; only
ono tnemhor was with Mr. 0111001*0
laat bv.iHOii—Unj oi'KUii minder—un'tl
he was quite a favorite among tho ou-
<Hcnce. '     ■       d
Mr. Gllmoro wan at his best. Ho
li a great actor, Is porfectly at enso
on the st'iKo. doe* not appear to be
with a polso and a restraint that aro
admirable. Whoti tho man comes out
of his shell and grasp firmly tho lovors
jthat control tho course ot events, Mr.
Ollmoro's acting leaves little to bo
doslrod. He is strong nnd masterful
When ticccaoary, Kcncvoiu and tender
at other crises. His voice is expressive, hla uuitUko KViu;«ful, and his
manner pleasing. In tho first scone
with the organ-grinder he exhibits
great talent for tiro lighter comedy
touches.
ft the Grand Theatre, September
•Lb. Ticket* %IU aud $1,00,
To iho Editor, District Lodger—
Dear Sir,—
Voto for Reciprocity and you break
tho bonds that bind' you to tho mother
country! yells tho Conservative poll-
tlclnn, nnd ho Is making spoclnl appeals to all and sundry who havo votcB
not oxcoptlng those born In tho BrltlBh
Islos, Thoso latter should troat such
exhortations for what thoy aro worth,
as tho majority of us havo boon compelled, by tho stress of circumstances,
to' bronlt thoso bontlB In order to look
for nonio place whore we can got tho
moans of llfo and sholtor with a groat
er degree of cortalnty than' is tho caso
in tho old land. The supporters'of
tho opponltln pnrty will endeavor to
show that tho reason that so many of
us had to leave Groat Britain was
on account'of tho policies of tho Liberal party, such twaddlo ought to bo
laughod out of court hy any solitary
Individual who glvco tho subject a
minutes' consideration, Wo havo had
all kinds of fal(o   reforms   advanced
■..-....„ ...s, »cumco 01 uUICO 01 bold
♦he Torlf-n nnil tin- 'jJlit'WjJs uui ILcw
has always brai moro or loss suffering
regardless of tho party In power. No!
tho trouhlo Ir not that either of
tho two old pantos can euro.    The
so bad as they are In Europe, but this
is not because of tho Liberals or the
Conservatives, although if thero is a
little moro business activity at any
time they nro both very ready to claim
credit therefor, but when a depression
sets In then thoy blame tho other fellow, nenlly, It |« funny! the way
those patriotic gents twist Into all
•oris of metal shapes for the pup
pose of looking after No. I. Tho real
reason thnt tho opportunities are not
so limited ns they aro In Europe is
simply Df*-aiiao the land offers a relief from congestion nnd the Intensify
If you go to lookjfor'a-job tb!«,m^
hiring Is1 more anxious to know^.whether yoii can do the. work -properly,,i'than.'
Che' particular place yout comV from
and, he is wise-In so-doing,-, because
his own Interests are In question; Then;
apply the same common .'sense .miQ
when the shoe Is on the other foot and
ask yourself what, ls this Present
noise to me?- , W)nd-baggrag, word
spielers will "with saddened expros-'
slons tell you that you are .Harrow-
minded. Don't let, tha-t bother you"
at all, as they are past masters m' hy.
pocrlsy, If they were.not they would
be honest'enough to 1 come out something after this style:   "'"' *   '-
"Fellow   Citizens,—I  have   ttfready
tasted some of the pleasures <jf p0-j.
tlcal office-and am particularly anxj.
ous'to.get back again.-'■ At'tVpresent time- (if he be a Conservative)
we are on the outer edge of th.e corn
crib and as-is'natural would 'prefer'to
get our nose into it,' as the neai^r ^
grass the sweeter'the meat,''a^d'the
closer we get to the corn the m0re of
the substance and-less' of, the husks
will be our' portion.   - My fronds, I
will sing you-all kinds,of fairy stories
because" in my short experience fhave
discovered that" 'you catf" c'atcb. ,mo'fe
flies .with treacle than you; can with
vinegar,' and'as your.'votes ar© very
much need© just now,- please accept
my; 'molasses,' then.,once>agata wi--
be realized the truth of:the old saying
'There.-Is a sucker born every minute.'
On the other hand, 'if the on'e av]l0-
comes before* you is of the party in
power he will glibly describe ,tb:e gior,
ious advantages of his. brand -of «moi.
asses,', and tell'you  that perhaps if
you will help "him to continue to enjoy theni.he may give some ofyou
the^opportunity to lick the spoon in tho
shape, of a job with the'"government in
some of the many departments,, where
there are openings to be filled, by the
'faithful,', such' as, postmasters, inter.'
nal revenue, timber warden's,' etc! "
At this time the politicians are'very
fluent speakers on the• "vital' i^ue»
but it ,1s ,not" vital to the 'working'
class but the demands we have m'a(je
on" the operators are of ".vital..imp6r-
tance. "and -we would like these representatives ~"of~the~bosses 'wfibytSi US'
that they, are looking out for the.whole
of their - constitution to,! answer   thia
' . ,    •        , . '..LUIS
question:,. - . , 1 ."';." '.-;, \;: :
- "How is.the .pact-between tho'-"*}_ s_
and, Canada going'-to help the-Workers'
to get.more1'wages" for his labor?;' ," •
-, This Is' enough for the-time .beirti?
so thanking you.for" space and,.'advl8-
ing all - my .fellow workers to-d0 as
the politicians dc—^LOOK.AFTE!R No.
1—I'll bring this wandering 'letter to
a close.,. -  -^  .j   ; ..-■   7 , ■.
",   Yours-truly,
''•'','-, " ■   N- M. T.
Passburg, Altai,
^iigust 26t,i- ."ip.-|'j_'
To the Editor, Dlgtiiet Ledger-* "
Dear Sir and Brother,—Would aa-t
leave to have a few "words put hi the
paper about, how things are "down here
at Passburg. "
We are still on strike,down ut this
place, although 7 of our Russian brothers broke away and went to work y^
the othors aro standing true' to their
obligations. Of tho 14 English speaking men somo have gono away, ant-
some are at work, - I will say thnt
if tho English speaking men had stay-
od with tho union that it1 would havo
been a good oxamplo to tho others
and I don't think it Is fair to blhmo
tho poor foreigner for what h'o i)ftB
done so much as thoso,who ar^ 8(lm
to know moro about unionism, because
In tho countries from which thoso
foreign Bpoaklng come thoy know so
little about unionism. Of the nation-
altlos at "work thoro are Engllaiimon
Russians (thoy aro tho most), nnd 2
Slovaks. "
I want to toll you that tho honor
for standing truo to tho union |B ,-uo
to tho Slovak nnd Itnllnn brother--, and
if it had not boon for the bad oxa'mplo
of tho'English speaking traitors we
should havo soon that thoso foro|ffnor(j
who did go' to work at first como away,
Hut now tho company Ib talking about
how easily thoy can Bmash our ]ocn-
bocause there nro only foreigners to
run it, but I would nsk thnt ovory-
body should know that there is a strike
on here and thnt it English speaking
men, who ought to know better, dosert
their brotliors, that there are foreign
sneaking brothers who will stand, firm
to the local, and all wo ask la that
wo havo the assistance of our brothers
111 oilier iuuci-s 10 do nu thoy can to lot
Stand together and we must W|n|
UNJON.MAN.
W
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-.--' "■."■:;.-:'■ ;-r:;.-.",::-.r v/
,   We are still offerkg' excellent, bargains-in- our
Grocery Department.   , The following, are'only* a
"''fewof them.,,, ^-  "'-,/.■  - 7,       '  v .. ■;.
,<''.'""      ■,    '"' .7 -       *
- Purity Flour, 98 lb. sack. .*......; y $3.25 7
Creamery Butter, 3 lbs .! ,';'...   80c.
Toasted Corn Flakes, "3 Jkte; ...'".-.'...'.;.-. .r ;25c.;
' Queen Quality Pickles,   Sweet, Sour,, and    : -"
';. " Chow ChoSv/pint bottles ..'..'.. V.'.y./..   25c.
Shredded Wheat.Biscuits, 2 pkts .,...-.'...'..' 25c.,.
^ Fussell's Condensed Milk, 20 oz.can, 4'cans' '25c.,
'fE. D'; Smith's Tomato Catsup^pint bottle.'; 7. i 25cV
St. Charles' Cream, family size...;-....'. °.;, ■ ioc.
St/Charles' Cream/Hotel size ... /.';...-.;.7.20c.',
' , 1911 Pack Peas; 2 lb can, two cans':['.    .....   25c.
Silver Gloss StfcrchY3;pkgs, v..,'...''.:.'.'.. *.' , 25c'."
B..C. Gran. Sugar, 20"lb sack"....,...?.".   $130.;
'" B. C' Potatoes, 100' lb :. 7 ..........]..    $1.90
" "■' ' ._'.-'       ,'   ,-        '- '-"  '   -
'. Creston^ Tomatoes,-'per1 lb^ -'. „.;';.'.'.......   io"c "
- Apples, 4'ibs. l;-:V'..:'./.."i ;.:'.;y ..-..y.;.\ '25c;
k  Freestone Peaches, crate ...'..'..'. '. ;...-.-; .$1,10..
I-
Limited,
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ATTRAeTiaNS
Friday and Saturday
Sept. 1st & 2nd  '
The Royal
Here it is, Waiting for I)
POIl BALE—will toll for $100 (C0Bt
considerably more) Organ, In tho'bost
of order; IS stops, makor, Cornish
Organ Co.j ternia can bo arrang<!j.
will lake $25 cash, and $10 por month,
Apply Box 62. Oolerran. ^
FUItNtTUnB   POR   8ALE-
Mrs. L. P, Eckstein,
"Apply,
Whh WOOD FOR 8ALB In Movo
lengths, I2.S0 j>er team load at kq„
ncdy and Mangans; or call 'phoi\0 43,
Comic Opera Company
Presenting "San Toy" and "The Gondoliers"
Prices, $1.00, 75c.    Children 50c.
Thursday Night Sept. 7th
Paul Gilmore
with his famous Dramatic Company in
"The Mummy and
tiie nummiiig" uipa"
Pricces $1.50 & $1.   Children 75c, 50c.
Saturday Night Sept. 9th
Williard
The Man of Mystery and his
it ,
Vaudeville Company
Prices 50c.    Children 25c
.

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