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The District Ledger Nov 4, 1911

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Industrial Unity is Strength''
Tit Official. Orgu-of-JDiitxict No. 18. U. M. W. of A.
- il   v
is Victory
Vol. v.; ;No. 11.
-si-:.
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. Lx'i.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER;
3, B: C., NOVEMBER 4,1911
$1.00 A YXAR
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It '
Police Department Were
Compietely Exonerated of Negligence
■ ■, On Friday afternoon at three o'clock
. a meeting, was called in the City Hall
>> of 7 PoHcV Commissioners for the,pur-
• pose of bearing the charge laid against
Constable' Joseph Lyons for.neglect of
" duty by Alderman-Mclntyre," during the
r time he was acting in the capacity of
Tmayor  whilst' A.  W.  Bleasdell.Mwas
;. away.   ■ The Mayor (Bleasdell) waB In
the chair, the only other commissioner
present, Sam Graham, with Secretary
-• Stevef, Barclay, ,'as'clerk..-" The charge
" was that of neglect - of duty, in. and;
around the Fernie,'Morrlssey^ arid Mic-
, bef station., y   '   • y ,'-; yy ~ '
'   "The Chief, R. Bowen," stated that on
- the Friday, the reason why Lyons^was
, not over there alt the particular tlnSe
. -was of his forgetting to tell" him, al-
.* though in conversation-he had Infiorm-
' ed him that the city limits were 250
feet on the' track, but was interrupted
, at the'time by a call coming In to the
■ police station." - - •    ., ■; s
There were several. witnesses who
wished to know the real reason for"
' calling--for  the'resignation' of Constable, Lyons, but answers were not
7 given, the chairman (the inayor)""stat-.
"• ing this wa< an, enquiry into a specific
-'>'"Am6ng the" witnesses .called were D.
Rees, Orr (wiper,on the.C.P.RO, David
.7paton, Tom Cliniie, P."Hadock,-W. At-
"^KinsonrTr"Armstrong7CRrj7'Black, f
.' Woods"and Harry Martin. 1  Practically'all of these wltn
swere In accord
regarding the'., presence-'of .the officer
i 7 prior to the'time of "departure of the
.-.fseyen;,o.'clock traln.^for.^oaV^preek.'.
7* Some,-however, stated. they,rhad-..itot
r. seen him ,lon; the. Monday;-'' As-^result
7 ".of'.this: Investigation-a-resolution' as
follows was'passed: ''.'.,"'■■'.      ■ ;
Moved by Commissioner Graham, "
- Seconded   by • Commissioner Bleas-'
Ndeii.-.y y  '   . '/;'■,■''' '
. •, "That the charges made by. Alderman Mclntyre, whilst he was acting
- Mayor of this city, against the Po-
' - Hco Department, have not been prov-
, ■ ed by the evidence presented before
,.,"    tho Police Commlsslonera.',""Under
.these circumstances the charge of
neglect of duty by the Police Do-
' partment has not boon proven,"      '
therefore,",not 'the." cost of manufacturing them, but it. was the selling
value, or price at .tho factory or works
which Includes the profit of .the manufacturer", ' Freight charges and :dls-
count from -'the gross selling, prices
are alBO not included in the figures. "
The cost of materials0used in 1909
was .reported as amounting to $235,-
132,000,' "which, .was, "$4,323,000 or 2
per ■ cent more- than the $230,809,000
reported for,the same item'in 1904.
The returns under this head refer
only to the cost of materials, mill supplies,-, and fuel used during the, year
and not to the cost of those purchased
in the same'period of time; ,■
i 7 In""1909 .the "value reported as added
by'manufacture," which is "ascertained
by ' deducting the cost of; materials
used;from the value of products, was
$182,091,000," "as compared'wlth $142,-
654,O00-in 1904, an increase of $39,437^
000, or' 28 per cent."' The vqlue added
by-manufacture in 1909' formed 44 per
cent of the sum reported as the value'
of products, "as compared with 38 per
cent in" 19047 It is the best measure
of the relative,, importance" of industries.     • .,■;    •' ..   .i -•   t',, y^
The miscellaneous expenses amounted „'to $46,855,000 in 1909 and $38;470,-
000 or. 22,per cent ris3fo604pei
000 in 1904 ,an increase of. $8,385,000
or 22 per cent. ^ Miscellaneous expenses include Tent-of factory or works,
taxes; arid amount paid for contract
work, and these items, as well as such
office and other, expenses as cannot
be elsewhere classified/wilKappear separately in the-final reports.—N. Y.
Call: •" •:• .-•■;•> • '.•-:■.'.'.     ,'
FOSTER-
-ROBINSON
~jy
The wedding whlchbad been expect-
8H0WS INCREA8E OF >
  .    8ALARY WORKERS
ed,- althougdiat.a .llttle:later date'.however, took place., on -Wednesday,--November 1st' (AlliSalntsl-bay),at,tbe Methodist Church,. wheni the'.Rev.- J:'
F. Dlmnjlck- united Jn£the^bonds of
matrimony , Miss '^"(Grace;^'Robinson
and' Alber^ Foster, -both;well-known iri
the .'community.,;; ..'.-, '7 ,.>■', >jy v '
, Miss Robinson has- for', .several
years years" been a, teacher -In 'the
Fernie ,;Public /Schools,^ while the
groom.'an employee of the Crow's Nest
Pass Coal,Co,, is one of the old-time
residents of Coal Creek.-, y ".
-As an evidence of the appreciation
of their former teacher, practically all
the pupils who have como under' her
supervision attended the church, with
the result that rice and old boots were,
used,without stint, ,
Tlio happy couple' left on "the westbound' passenger for a short trip and
intend to make their home hereafter in
NEW TURMm EVENTS
Big Crdwd^ Serenades Four Strike
■  Bredkers--Accepted Rations till
Asked'to}Si£to>Check-off
M>REA£m^
i For"seven.months, since the incep-
,of the strike, there has been but little
disturbance of > any kind whatsoever,
and it is indeed deplorable that at
this-stage.of the proceedings, when
there was every reason to believe that
the culmination was close at hand that
incidents "such as have transpired during the current week should have-taken place, when as a matter of fact they
ought to have~been averted and would
have been had it not been for particularly aggravating circumstances.
,' The impression had gone forth that
the'strike was; settled, and yet although-a basis, of negotiation was decided upon still ■ there has been no
rOom left to doubt in .the minds of
those who wish to see clearly that it
hadnot^been completely settled, otherwise-, there would have been no necessity for' the concluding clause in the
letter of ,last week signed by the Hon.
Robt. Rogers regarding the course to
I!
Fornlo.
I'
■
Gain 60 Per Cent—Wanes and Salaries
Together only 31" per Cent.
( WASHINGTON,' Oct. 80. — Prollml;
nary statomonts, subject to necessary
revision, of tho general results of tho
census of manufactures of Brooklyn,
.Quoons and Richmond boroughs of
Now York City, woro Issued today by
•Census" Director .Durand, Thoy contain Interesting - summaries, comparing tbo figures for 1904 with thoso
for 1009, prepared undor tho direction of William M, Stouart, chief statistician for manufacturers, Bureau of
,.Census. ■ •■ * <-  -
Tho summary for Brooklyn Borough
shows Increases ln all tho items, tho
moro, Important being ob follows:
Twonty-flvo por cont In tlio number
of establishment; 10 por cont In tbo
capital invested. 12 por cont In tho
valuo of tho products; 28 por cont'In
tho valuo added by manufacture;
60 por cent In tlio number of salaried
officials nnd clorks; IR per cont in tho
avorago numbor of wago earners employed during tho year; and 31 por
cont In tho, salaries and wagos,
• It will bo noted that while tlio total Incroaso of employers was 21 pai\
cent, salaries and wages Increased by
31 por cont. However, salarlod employes increased by 00 per cent, whllo
tho wago earners Increased by only
18 per cont.    Tho total number of
«mn1nv<»« In 1DM wnn 1 Jtn 7R7 white
wsran and salaries for that year totaled 980,474,000, equal to an avorago
yearly wago or salary of $640, as compared with 4509 in 1904. Tlio bureau
omits to publish separately figures for
wares nnd salaries.
The number of establishments was
5,218 In 1009, as compared with 4,182
In 1901, an Incroaso of 1,036, or 25 p'or
cont,
Tho capital Invostwl In 1000 was
$3,62,337,000. a gain of $48,886,000, or
10 tmt cent, over ?213,112,000 la 1301.
The reported value of tho products
in iWi wu» $417,220,000, att u«n!n*t
$373,463,000 In 1904, an Incroaso of
$13,7«0,oW>, or 12 per cent
Tho product of any establishment Is
defined by the Census flnroan as tho
flnlihod product In lt:o condition In
vihtcU tt I* viuiuvcd foi- tutu. 'The
consul enquiry callftt nlso for (ho
voluo of tho products mndo during
tho year and not for the valuo- ef tbo
tales.     The value ascertained was
KNIVES USED
IN MIX-UP
Parties to a Gutting up
Affair Lodged in Jail
Repair List Light
On Friday last an altercation took
pjaeo In tlio\Royal Hotel which resulted In ono('0co. Klsrlck, an Austrian,
being tnltofiJto tbo hospital na tho ro-
suit of seven wounds Inflicted on blm,
Fortunately!' however, nono of thoso
wero of a fatal character, Two mon,
namod Geo, Volchko and Paul Potros,
Slavonians, woro arrested as bis assailants and nro nt present occupants
of tbo City Jail awaiting trial,
whenevery. Indication ponted-' to an
early,settlement to have injected into
the matter-causes for friction is to be
regretted.  , y
.If it were the Intention of the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Co. to gnore the findings of the present joint conference
in session at Frank, Alta., and, operate
the mines independent of either.,the
Western ,■ Operators', Association or
District 18,, TL.'M. W. of A., one could
readily-understand the position taken
but when they' are. ,at least ostensibly,,
a party, to the making of an agreement,
then' as "evidence, of good faith one
might .naturally "expect that the usual
amenitiesrthat^govern in the.various
walks of. life where the like, principle
is involved, .would he conformed to.
• There,is no'^disputing the fact that
there! Is' much preparatory work to be
done at the various, mines before the
real..work-of,getting out coal can be'
accomplished, yet inasmuch as the or-
pursue In-ttST event, .o"f_lt not being"
settled.   ""    7   ..y "'   -» 7, .
■   "In the matter of-settling of the
■ princes on new work,,which" were not
' determined at- the expiration of the
. , last, agreement, "and of'tho- differencial bn'ptllars.which was to'be,de-
"terinlned by" .mutual consent, It Is
understood that the committee-". .'for
"each side appointed to complete this
' ■ agreement determine these prices at
onco.    If they fail to agree,"an-independent chairman shall be called
in to do so.'   If'the committee'fail
■ to agree on a chairman, the Minister
of tho Interior shall-be asked to appoint one Immediately."
The very fact that conformably to1
the rules of the organization- it muBt
first be submitted to a referendum vote'
of thb mon Is itsolf Indicative'that It
was still a matter of questlon'whether
or not tho men would accept It. .Furthermore wo understand a llko opinion prevailed among tho operators.   In
short' the spirit of tho understanding
botweon the executive and tho .representatives of the Westorn Coal Operators' Association was that all matters
bo first adjusted and that both pnrtles
ratify the now agreement, this dono to
the satisfaction of both, stops bo taken looking to tho resumption of work.
Although this waB, as we have stated',
tho spirit of tho understanding, and
whllo tho two representatives aro ln|
conforenco, tho Crows Nost Pass Coal
Co, soo fit to Issuo notices telling tho
men tho strlko Is sottled and that they
can' como back to work.   That thoy
have tho right to do as tboy please
with tholr property nono can gainsay,
but equally tho mon may rofraln from
work or not as tho caso may bo Is
another question of relutlvo right.  Yet
To" show;, contempt arid scorn of those
who have been recreant to their "obligation is natural the world over, whether
11 be. the youth who "peaches', at
school;, the shyster lawyer, the quack-
doctor,' and this spirit is also emphasised in the case of those.who,not only
have obligated themselves to play the
game fairly but likewise have shared
m the benefits obtained through their
association with a workers' organization: •   i,-     ,'    y,
,On Thursday afternoon, when the 4
o'clock, traini came down from Coil
Creek the Barr recreants were greeted
by cat1 calls-and yells as they were
escorted down to the office of Ross,
Lane and Macdonaid, where a great
crowd congregated and waited" for a
long.-time for. them to emerge. The
crowd •- grew^to', considerable proportions; and after consultations had been
held with Mr. Elias Rogers, President
of * the .Crow's  Nest Pass, Coal Co..
CIRCOLO' OPERAIO   ITALIANO,
XX   SETTEMBRE
Fernie, B. C. Nov: 1st, 19^1.
* Abbaso I Crumeri     7
.11 Circolo Oper'alo Itallano XX„Set-
tembre dl Mutuo Soccorso in seduta
straodinarla tenutasl il 28 p.p. Ottobre
haespulso del suo seno Pasquale Arcurl dl annl 34 nato a Coloslml Prov.
Catanzaro 6 Gennaro Mustacchio dl
anui 68,' nato a MIHssa, Prov. ,Cos-
enza. ' QuestI 2 membri sono state
espulsl sull'artlcolo 60 della Federa-
zione Colombiana al quale avevano
prestato sollenne ■ gluramento. ' Ma!
Oihme i false 1'annovlolatofacendo I
crumeri a vile prezzo alia minlcra di
Coal Creek, B.C. . A 'miserere del!
Nella prossima' settimaaa nelle colonne
isquesto giornale" verramo publicati
tutti i nome degli crumeri-Italianl che
anno fattb parte inquesto campo. ■'■■.
■ Questo si para appunto cio she.tutti
i'bravl ed»onesto unionistieloro'simpa
tiranti' cininscono nome d questi in-
desiderablle crumeri.     '"' ''•','    " ,
■p^izarion77s7"ta""citly recbgnize*d_as~"a
factor to7be considered It. would have
been a" very simple matter to notify the
executive board If it were genuinely
des'red to'avoid all causes for friction
in ;an industry^f'hprp long .established,
customs have practically become, an un
written' law, and that is that "after work
be, resumed 'that, men shall be alloted
to the places they had at the tlmo of
the cessation.
Granted that the company hare the
"right" to run their business acEnding to their own idesss, the men have
the;"right," provided they act collco-
t tvi'ly,-to see thnt'thti property-1 hey
have a.'life''Interest in should be given
some consideration in the matter of
working conditions, safeguards, etc.
. This "right" ns solitary individuals is
likely to bo treated with disdain unless
it suits the company for purposes of
their own to grant, but "collectlvoly ls
far moro probable to bo considered."
. The acts of vandalism committed by
Irresponsible boys who take advantage
of tho commotion when a crowd gathers is strongly condomnod by all members of organized labor, but regardless
of their'statements and suggestions,
l"ko the boy in tho song, they'll got
tho blame for It:
"Fpr no muttor what's dono,
, To my mammy thoy run—
That boy (organized labor) has been
al It again I'
7 Tho members of organized labor
know perfectly well that thero Is nothing to bo gnlnod by acts of violence
as all tho forces of tho stato will bo
requisitioned to preserve tbo law and
ordor of tho cIsbb government, holding
tho reins of office lionco It Is tho
holght of stupidity to bat ono's head up
against a'stono wall,
Mayor ;'rBleasdell~rmourited~~a7~rostruin
and. read the Riot Act, during the delivery of this piece,of legal literature
applause.was quite frequent. £&me individual.threwrwhat appeared to be a
piece-.of cardboard pr,th!n.;board of
some kind, which dropped harmlessly'
to' the, ground. ,. Such stupid - tricks
as this,-often, done in a, spirit of mischief,, cannot be too severely condemned. •>. If. done by a boy he should bo
taken home and severely spanked,- and
it can hardly be regarded as that of a
woman because of the directness of
aim and. a'full grown man of normal
Intelligence should have more common
sense.- -   '
The crowd was not at-all aninngry
one, but seemed to regard the whole affair,, more In the light of a joke, ln
fact it was a case of tho innate curiosity of the human family to congrogate
wherever thero Is an evldonco of mass
movement.
It is evident that at this stage of
tho proceedings tho Conl Company regard tho Individuals who are working
as particularly valuable, henco It would
not in the least surprise us If additional police forco woro brought In to aid
In this work. In the particular case
In Fornjo, tho Barr family, after having boon treated ns follow workors for
tho past six months and received tholr
strlko rations along with tho rest, evidently docldod thoy havo received
about all thoy can expect from Glnd-
stono Local, and determined to show
thoy woro "free' men and accept employment with tho Coal Company.
As n rule, individuals untruo to their
own class may bo usod by tho master
class as tomporary tools, but oven
thoy can havo but scant rospoct for
sfleh types.
Canmore, Alta.
Olen kuullut, etta, junlon lehteeri saa
klrojlttan milla kielella hyvansa nun
paatin kirjolttaa suamea johkun sanan,
naen josko otetaan mainitun lehden
palstoltte." v       -   ,,   -        „ ■
Melta kavl muistuttamassa O'Brien
lokakum 30 p. sosialistislsto Lehta-
vlsta. Haan puhui picnelle kuull a
kunnalle' junlon sairashuoneen etessa
selitteli helppo tajuisestl kapltalistlen
klervyksia,- kuin myos keinot mllla voi
taistella kapitalislia vostaam.
, Lakko taala on erinulloari lakkolaisef
on rauhalllsla lukuun ottuiaatta.kohta
skooppia jotka alolllvat lyon'sa 26 p.
lokk; , Ja kirjolttivat nlmensa orjak-
ontrohtunukansall8undeltaan ovat ital-
jalals_ia_nImia,eh-_ole-saariut_tlelooni	
■ '-'"'""''   '»'' t: f. ,
SUCCESSFUL
CANDIDATES
' 0
List of Miners Qualified
for More Responsible
...•- -Positions
i> • 'i
First Class Candidates.
J, J. Musgrove, „     i,
7A. R Smith,1    ,       .,       :,
. Robert Bonar,\   ,    ,-.     J
- fCotliai let Howells,
.'. B Spicer,,   ^   ,,-       ,,
' J. W. Powell.' ' ,      '
6 , ' ' , .'    '<     ,
Second Class Candidates
i William Reld, . ■■,        •
;, J. A. McDonald,   .    .' .     y 7
-'Robert Joyce Brown,   -
S. K. Mqttishaw,   ., •,-
James L. Brown,
James E. Knowles,
A. W. Courtney,      '   ""
M. T. Raynes,
■ James Renny. >   '
Third Class Candidates '
John Qulnn,
Alexander Allen,.        , t  ,
; William Walter Clarkstone,,
'Stewart Lynch,     .    -   ,
Arthur Challoner, -7   y . •
Alex. Orr,„,        -,     .7,.
James Glenn^y   '
Alex. Livingstone,
John Anderson, , -       ■
Edward Wilkinson,
Walter Steel, . -  ..
John Chester."" ... -
James- Qulnn, ,     '-    ' t
John McKinley,        .     - y
' Hollls Cam'amlle,   j       '' t
IS IT A BLUFF?
.The .■ challenge made by the Free
Press that they can prove.by subriijitt;-.
ing the-letter, "Union'Mlneri' to the
Mayor and tw'o . clergymen that the
writer* thereof ls a'union miner Is Indeed a strange" one; Inasmuch as tho
gentlemen to act as judges are Dot
qualified to ascertain whether' the Individual be a bonaflde member of the
U.M.W. ofA., because only the secretary of tho Local to which ho prcsum-
ablybelongs can determine his standing.
MARRIED
At tho Methodist parsonage Wednesday evening Mr. Kenneth Clark and
Miss Amelia Newman, both of Fernio.
Rov! J. F. Dlmmlck officiating.' Mr
and Mrs. Clark will'mako their homo.
In Fornlo,   ■
PROGRESS REPORTED
ATTENTION!    OLD-TIMER8I
If you know anything about tho
oarly history of British Columbia tbo
Provincial Arcinvim, victoria,   ti.  u,
U'i' la p'c'^'ul lO, iWiL-lYQ HMUf.
There are quite a number of old-timers In Rait Kootcnay who possess a
fund of knowledge touclilnrr tho oarly
days which' wo havo not tho -slightest
dOwini ^tUUli i»i) MCiUiil ,l.i>t>.'..«-.-J.JuJi 4A¥l1
mako oxcoVdlngly Interesting reading.
Tbo Soalo Oomraittoo, Operators and roprosen
tlvo of the mon are still in Bossion at tho Sanatorium
Hotel, whero matters are proffrossiriff as favorably
, as can bo expected. It is believed that negotiations will, from present indications, bo completed in
tho course of a fow, days, and it is hoped that thij
expectation will bo roalizod,
Wo would onll attention, however, to the fact
that before a dofinito sottlomont is arrived at thd
mattor will bo submitted to tho mombors of District
18 to deoido by referendum as to what action they
will take in tho promises
ATTENTION!
ESTHER
LOOQE
REBEKAH
Mr*. K Eviiiia, cf IUmlaiut, D. ?..,
President of tho Rebekah Ausombly,
I. O. O, V. of rSi'ltlHh Columbia, will
moke lier annual visit to Ksther Ro-
bekab Lodge on tho cverilnR of tho
10th Inst. On this occasion elgh?
Post (iranfl Jowols will be presented.
Suitable cntcrtAlnmcnt will also bo
pvuvtdod bud oC whlcli all Rubclcutia
are aslied to note.
Whllo In tho rlty lho President will
be 1be gufst of Mrs. T. neck. Tlowlmnd
Avenue.
A. J. CARTPR vn. W. 0. BARCLAY
This enso, arising out of nn allogod
■tntomont mado by W. O, Barclay regarding tbo mantior in which lho funds
of tho U. M. W. of A, bad been handled engaged tho attention of tho court
oniWcdnofidny last until tho Jury
brought In a verdict on Thursday
night In favor of tbo dofondant, charging tho costs to tbo plaintiff, A. J.
Carter.
Several witnesses woro called and
examined, amongst others those for
the plaintiff wore Chockwolghmsn Mar
tin, Wood, I). Uuuu. Mr. Carter was
In tbo stand for two hours or more
and was subjected to a severe cross-
examination by S. H. Taylor, counsel
for tbo dofondant, who failed to shako
tbo Umlfmony given In direct examlnti'
(Can.
Mr. Barclay was tho chief witness In
his own behalf, whono testimony was
not In agreement with that of *am* cf
[ (ho other witnesses.
mmm
Aftnr H H Tnvlnr hml wnrtn )\tn nit-
dress to tho jury, In which bo present-
ed every point on behalf of bis cllont
that ho thought would havo indtionco
wllh thorn, bo was followed by L. I\
Kcksloln, counsel for -Mr. Carter, who
took up tho Boveral points touching
upon tlio question of "rako-off," nnd
pointed out that this was Indood a
matter of a sorloiis chnractor finishing
his romnrks with tho stntomont that
It was largely a qiiORtlon of vindication of cluirnctor that wai desired.
One o'clock having struck, tlm Lord
Chief Justlfo Clomonts declared a ro-
ivMii until kilt-puKl two, and uiion return Ills Lordship mndo a very clear,
concise summing up of the wholo Kltun
tion In his nrt dross to tbo Jury who
then rotlrod. it was evident from tho
IndiiaitM that transpired subsequently
mi unanimity txl.it.cil iut,aui; Un> jmuim
nnd It was not until after thoro bad
bfcti several ronsultntlona between
the respective ronnsel and th/* Jury
with his lordship In attendance, when
*L
n flnnl verdlet wnn hrnni»lit tn nlimit
nine o'clock dlsmsslng tho crrno with
costs.
Wo understand that nt ono stngo
of tho proceedings It wns on lho tapis
to havo a retraction mndo, but thoro
woro some minor details which were
not acceptable, It is our intention to
publish tho major portion of tho ovl-
(tonco In this caso n a later Issue, but
spneo nt tho present tlmo precludes
us from giving It In oxtenso,
THESE MEN
EXPELLED
This is One Way of Getting Your Name before the Public
John, Hamilton,
Allen Ford,t
.Peter Myers, '„ < ' ■-
J. T. Taylor,
. John McDonald,   ,'
. Thomas-Biggs,^ -. -/.
"* Robert ^Baster,,7'i'. -' '
'.Robert Brown,'  - .
T. J, Fltzpatrick, '..':■'■
James Falrfoull,\
Thomas Archibald,- ,
Robert- Doodson,     ',
John William Shlply,.
.Herbert Webb, ,
J. H, Richardson.
making a total of $114,00 ",      i
In tho caso of Hugh Barr, this person hns paid $3.30'to the organisation,
and has received during the presont
strlko provisions to tho total value of
?54.00; •'
T. UPHILL, Secy.
L'arllcolo comparso sul > "L'Era
Nuoyo," non cstnto schltto neanco
Idlato dl nossuno del membri cho fanno
parte del "Circolo Operalo Itallano
XX Stittcmhro, M.S." cosl dulilnrlamo
l'ortlcolo falso.
cosmo cnisAFio, sog77
FRANK SANTONI, Pros,
To tho Editor, District Ledger:
Donr Sir,—-The following resolution
was passed by a mnsn mooting of Clad-
slono Locnl on Thursday, Nov. 2nd,
1011;
RESOLVED, that In view of exltt-
Ina conditions, we, the members of
Gladstone Local, No, 2314 U. M. W.
of A., and citizens of Fertile, do
hereby petition the Attorney General of the Province of British Columns that trials by Jury be discontinued In Fernie.
T. UPHILL,
Secretary.
Th" fnMmHnn vnn,ti1mrn nf ninrtnlnw
Loenl, Nn. 2^1^l, TT. M. W. of A., have
boon oxpollod from tho organization,
for tho offenco:
WILLIAM HAHH, senior', Scotch.
WILLIAM RAMI, Junior, Scotch,
miOU RAMI, flroteh.
WM. nARNRTT, colored.
T, DIlUMWli'lOHT, colored. '
ft. HOWARD, colored.
JOHN' VEXDO, Italian.
FRANK SPHOVIHIIK, Italian,
FRANK KAHWMONA, Itnllnn
TONY ICAUni.MONA, Italian,
JOB flCBUIA, Italian.
,I()1IN JOHN tV.nowti nnl Italian.
LOl'ISH CORCIRKA, Itnllnn.
I'KTK AIlCtmiA, Italian.
O  MITRTACIO, Italian.
ANOKLO aPINO, Itnllnn. ''
WM, 1'OTTKR, Kngllsh.
i,; il.u ui!i.. i;..il IV.UuitM Vi.k» iW .i '''•!•'(    In tl.it mm of Win. Hinr, biiiiior, U
derlng of somo fine Kngllsb son«s In  li noinblo thnt ho had only paid trt.7!>
good nt.vle by llrotlier SlmiiHon, whone
effo*i* were greatly appreciated ani
brought forth much applause.
Llllo, Alia, Nov. 1st, 1011.
To tho Editor, District Lodger,
Dear Sir,—At a special mooting of
our Local tho mombors passed a rosolu
tion ns follows: <
"Thnt. wo oxpol'lho following mom
hers from lho "U. M. W. of A. for
scabbing In tho mines:
JOHN MOXIM, Hlnvoiiinii, working
la Ulnlrmoro.
MIKI3 JMOXIN, Slavonian, working
at nialnnoro.
S. ONYSOHUIC, Slavonian, working
at ninlrnioro,
N. KOSTIUK, Slavonian, working at
Ulnlrmoro,
P, SINZZANSKr, Slavonian, working
nt Wnlrmon*.
15.   IIUC1I3T,   French,   working   nt
Illalrmoro.
A.   IIUGKT,   French,   working   at
ftlnlrmoro,
FRANCISCO HARIBI, Itnllnn, work-
Ing at Ulnlrmoro,
ANOBLO 11IJRATO, Itnllnn, working
nt Ulnlrmoro, ■'
ANTONIO     MISURACO,     Itnllnn,
vlrtv
♦ PA88DURO, Alta ♦
In ordi.'i" to bit you know th.ii \so are
not by nny means dead down hero, v<»
!ind n flut rate, Jolly Rood smnkvr nl
S.itnrdny hint, plven by Local No. :•.%",
vhen wo had i.n sidendld nn evoitri';'s
<'i;|<'iiiiiiiM'.iu i.t. >ou con Id wftih.   On i
: v.H.
lo lhf> oi'g,inli!iil|oM, nnd dining th"
present strike hn« received twelve n«ip.
pllefi of provisions valued at 10X0 each I
VRANPTRPO      AMF.nATO.   Ttnllnu
working at Tlellevue.
TOMASO AI1RUSB55IB, Itnllnn work
lng nt llolloviio,
PIBTRO ORI, Italian, working at
Pnoaliilrr'
In order that the public may son
that wo hnvo treated John M ox I in
fairly would sny that this mnn ban not
paid nny union dues for nearly two
years. Yet wo gnvo blm supplies just
tho snmo ns If ho won* In good stand-
lng Un received $3l,<ni pc>r month
for flvo months for himself,
w'(f\ nnd six children. In Bplto
of this ho wont to work nnd prevailed on others to work In the Illalrmoro Milieu. This samo man has
moro than onco received blank statements after working a full month at
Llllo mine,
Kindly Insert this In the Ledger
nnd oblige,
w. a, iivANs.
aee. Loenl 12?.3.
,/ &5*sygfV-"- """-;,<-.-*£* \-jfi-jt.
!"„
•   ;-•   i,- -K' -:;-.  J-.<-,- ■^.'■'•.'.^>-v      -;v--.- . s   v .---■- - \- "-• »,tfA\*-i <-■=>.- ii'j-«-i - -■';,*?.- r:;'^ ^..st'ii*-'. ^4;-.^»,tL ■■•?.'.■'-;■• ''-!.,.M,r.-'^>-'.'>'!''.-.-   '.! '-:'•-, i''-," ^V-'^.-.tf"*'* ,£
y  7- -7 -.-j»y -■,J"'7-'-   -"-f<s   '•"*' '--"-'   ■'.'';   '    -    ■'    -i -<7-"J ■^7v'rvy7^:y---,y,-7-:-',^y^':.;''''1^-i;7^l,;^,, r^y .v y '777^"'';,fyy7;..   -,  ^-J777v-5*.v7;lv
,'.,. '^ * 7'y    •■'-'"■   *' "•'•}':-\ ■ "       ■ '■■" ■'-'.•■ -"'7yY~^V'vHh"^^7^7:;^yyy%7":yy'\-yy;--y,y^'-;j^';y'^y7yty^7;a7y^77yi
\     "'    ■
PAGE  TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0, NOVEMBER 4,1911
h*****v
kirk'kicklckjiick'kji'k'k'k'k'k'k'kji'k k'kAiik'kk't'i. *^rAA A A A A ki
■r****T*nin*r*****3<
7%£ ifc& a/* Exploitaiioni
From the London Morning Leader
of September 14, we reproduce the
following figures from one of the
ablest British statisticians, Chiozza
Money, M.P. They may throw some
light on the vexed question 'of how
much the workers are exploited, as
well as giving ' some other , intei'est-
nig details:^
In this column, on August .3, I hazarded the estimate that" the net ag-
" gregato factory value of Britisb. work
on material commodities, was about
£900,000,000. The Board or Trade
has has now issued the completion of
its Preliminary Report on the1 Census
of Production, and it shows that apart
from agriculture, not included in the
census, the total is £712,000,000. My
£900,000,000,7 which includes agriculture, is therefore about right. Since
the £712,000,000 is being freely quoted; let It bo clearly understood what
It Is.     It Is the valuo added to raw
»' materials by British productive work
in mines, 'factories and workshops—
productive work only.     It stands for
. factory value, and not' for ultimate retail price.'
£100 Per Worker
ormous net profit, -which goes into the
State Treasury in, relief of taxation.
The latest precise - figures I have„for
the whole of the' German Empire( each
German state owns its own railways)
are as follows. They are taken from
Parliamentary Paper 331 of 1907:
PROFITS OF THE GERMAN STATE
RAILWAYS IN 1905      •    y
German imperial Railways £1,411,506
Military Railways   :...    '     4,308
Prussian Railways   33,479,810
Bavarian Railways  ...
Saxon Railways 	
Wurtemborg Railways
Baden Railways  .......
Mecklenburg Railways
Oldenburg Railways  ..
2,829,396
2,358,369
. 1,052,463
1,243,383
252,000
201,000
Grand   total    £42,833,384
The Other Kind of Profit
Later figures are even better, and
the Prussian railways now ' yield - a
profit of nearly £40,000,000 a year)' or
nearly 8 per cent on the capital employed. , But, of course, the State
profit is the least part of the business.
Germany's chief profit from her railways lies in the fact that her traders
enjoy cheap and simple railway rates,
and thus have their business assisted
The number of men,'women, boys  at e,ve7 point ,A low rallwa>' rate Is
equivalent to the removal of a cus-
and girls engaged in this productive
work'is only 7,000,000, so that on the
average each worker adds £100 as
nearly as possible in a year tb the raw
materials lie .works upon. The average wage ■ of. men. women, boys • and
girls in this country is about 21 shillings, and It follows that the average
manual worker draws In wages little
% more than one-half of the value which
he added to the materials he works
on. . Out of the other half is paid
profits, rent and other charges.
' Why Only 7,000,000
■ If the reader is astonished that.only
7,000,000 people are directly engaged
in production in this country I shall
not be, surprised. Even when 2,000,-
000' agricultural,, workers are added
the total seems small, for the number
of manual workers is about 16,000,000.
What are all the others doing? The
answer Is that they are engaged in distribution, and Ithat answer is a grave
criticism of distribution. The/subject
is an'.cnormous and complicated one,
_«nijl_l»0'»»':n™— niiItoV\lii_fj-k**-As\4-n tlj-w1_+*i/yA4   _
—uuu~ xiCi. uij1 -ouii.uuiti~i-ui ~uviaiicu~n cai,—
ment in this cojumn, but I direct the
reader's yery grave attention to the
facts; which demand far more consid-
, eration tha nthey have received. The
7,000,000 people do a wonderful lot of
work, but why are there not more
doing wonderful work?
Large German- Railway Profits
A correspondent asks me' whether
•the German National Railways "pay,"
The answer is that they yield an en-
toms duty. It enables the-manufacturer to get his material cheaply, and
it enables, him to sell at home or to
sell abroad cheaply.- The difference
between the British and German position in this regard is so great that ir.
is literally true to say that Germany
enjoys more internal free trade than
Britain' does. High railway rates are
equivalent to a customs barrier between England and Scotland, or between Birmingham, and Bristol. No
business question more urgently demand's the attention of the British
trader.   -
«        The Wages Census .  .
BOARD OF TRADE REPORT ON
EARNINGS o       '.,   '
' I. do not think it is clearly understood that,the Board of Trade-report
on earnings, which has been published
in parts recently, - and the .last part
of'which, relating-to,the metal trades,
was published only-the other day, is
not a complete investigation of the
subject. Take_.class-6,-on-.the-metal,.
engineering and shipbuilding trades.
The facts' which should be carefully
borne in mind are:
1. The number of people employed
in these trades in- 1906 was about
1,500,000.
2. The number of people Included
in the returns made by employers was
only 744,000, or less than one-half the
number which ought to' be investigated. '-
What does this mean?     It   means
that the Board of Trade has'"never
given power to compel , employers to
divulge, their wages. ' Therefore they
do the best, they can. They ask firms
to volunteer information. What is the
result? The efficient firm", the best
firms, the, firms which pay the highest rates of .wages, make returnsglad-
ly.'^ The'inefficient firmsi the sweating firms do not make returns." As a;
result the Board of Trade 'does,not
give us a fair picture of wages..'The
statistics they publish ought -' to be
headed: '."Wages paid by, the'best
firms in the- trades - concerned.,-,' I
suggest-to the Board, of "Trade that
they ought to point out more clearly
than they do what It is their statistics
relate to., Let the reader Imagine that
the householders of London were
asked to state what they paid to their
domestic servants. Those who treated their servants well would reply;,
those who paid low, wages would be
precisely tbe kind of people, who
would-treat tho Inquiry as an impertinence. " The result of a tabulation of
the figures volunteered would be
greatly to exaggerate, therefore, the
average domestic servants' wages;'
As Others See Us
I am interested in a report to.Washington by the American- Consul at
Man Chester,on the great results achieved by the Manchester municipal
tramways. Consul Howe summarizes
recent results as follows:
Insures
perfect
BAKING
RESULTS
CONTAINS
NO ALUM
IHW5 7HEWH1TEST.LIC
BAKING
!£WSTYLE itABEL^
MADE IN
CANADA
,_     ililltlllllllililllllllllliiiiri	
•TjIMITBD.
I TORONTO,ONT.
\  GROWTH OF. MANCHESTER     ,
TRAMS   ,     .
\v    ''    1902    "  "   1911
Length   of'track- •
'(miles)    ...... 21 183
Car miles  ......1,831,000   17,367,000
Passenger"    carried  .,-,.....:.. 23,590,000 165,800,000
Amount, paid .in ' •
relief of rates .. £19,600 73,000
The Consul-points out that the fares
now charged are on the average 40
per cent less than those charged by
the old tram company, and 'that the
Manchester people have saved millions of dollars - In fares through
municipalization." • Further, the working hours "of the tram men have been
reduced from seventy to fifty-four and
the wages of drivers and "conductors
increased by 31 to 49 per cent respectively. 'Moreover, in addition to mak-
inp-—nrnfifc +lni*_YY*iiril/.ir)alifr^._'liae _Vm£,T>_
paying off part of the' capital year by
year, which in the case-of a private
company would be extra profits payable in dividends. hThe Consul also,
appears to be,very much struck with
the success of the tramway parcels delivery system, which handles 1,000",000
parcels a year, at a profit of $2,500.
Tlie Consul must be thinking regretfully of the private monopolists who
handle most of the trams of his own
country.—N. Y; Call.
working'for wages In' Butte in any
capacity who do.not belong to a union.
In Butte every clerk'belongs to the
clerks' union and every newspaperman
to the. Newspaper Writers', Union.
Every store In Butte closes at 6 o'clock
every night with the exception of six
nights before Christmas, and the minimum wage for a man clerk is $21, for
a woman $13. And the "cost of living
is not perceptibly higher in Butte than
as high as in Chicago.
Many unions in Butte are 'hundred
per ce^t unions"—that is, they contain every person working in that
trade or craft in Butte. 7 •■■<..
. And the Central'Labor Federation of
Butte has just now, refused v to accept
an Invitation to' take breakfast with
President Taft—because they saw in
his invitation a' subtle but common
device to make votes for Taft.
I' have no 'doubt the same thing
would happein Milwaukee—but the
Merchants and Manufacturers' Asso-
tion of that city ,of course, would not
even dream of; inviting" the Federated
Trades Council.";
However, while the class lines are
not drawn quite so tightly there as
they are in \ Milwaukee, in Butte also
the troubles of the Socialist mayor began" shortly, after'taking office. His
administration also met with underhanded opposition bom the big capl<
talistB and open"' resistance from the
politicians of both parties in the town
council.' '-'- y       , '     '
,Ahd the .capitalist papers of Butte—
while not quite'as'vicious as the Milwaukee pries's—would like to forget
that there is,a citytadministration in
Butte,' in spite'"of "the fact that the
newspaper,boys are 'organized.". '. . .
"   Of course,\tW Socialist adminlstra-*'
GREAT REFORMS HAVE
ALREADY STARTED
the difficulties this genius had to encounter in.bis" early youth,'-,criticisms'
of an impartial "character, were given
and' interpretation of some, of7 his*
works,.'concluding with a.dialogue pregnant with "that surgical dissection of
character that 7 has. placed Henrik
Ibsen as the towering mind" in pro"tf-
lem dramas of the present age. - ; ■
■ ,The lecture was preceded by the
rendition of "Annie Laurie" by 'Miss
Olive Pearson, in her usual fellcitious
and sympathetic style; also a violin
selection by Professor-.?:—~'i~r.whose
knowledge; of .technique," "graceful fingering, and clear enunciation, proves
his ability,'as an executant of no mean
order,,' '.- '■.-"• •  - 7 '.,'•'   ,
SOCIALISTS AND THE ARMY
was monstrous that' children without
fathers should" have the whole bias,-of
their minds set towards the Army. He ■
bad nothing to say against the Army;
but, the kind.of advertising, that was
suggested'was the sort of thing that
was done to get'people, to do some-'
thing that they.would-not otherwise do.'
It "was. nothing more'or less than"'conscription, by a Poor Law Board:- y
- ..'Mrl' C. E. Summers'/ a member of the
borough; council and a Socialist, said,
that after, the employers of -labor "in.
the docks had murdered the fathers,
he, protested .against' the" children' be-;
ing handed but to be shot'atlike cattle.
" .    ■"■  V  '       \T"" „„-<.--, -,' i ii'  v, •     -
.Schoolboys Not to Read Recruiting
<   Pamphlets *   -«-.-
The -Ledger for Results
OTTAWA, Oct. 23.—The Evening
Citizen, Conservative, says: "Twenty-
five out of the sixty' sessional employes of the house, messengers; doorkeepers, etc., have been .sent letters stat-
• ing that unless otherwise, notified
they will not be required, to report for
duty tbis session. While this is not
exactly direct dismissal, It practically
means that a number will be laid off be
cause of the fifty yearB^age' limit rule,
and for-active participation in. the
election. Some changes are also being made along tbe Rideau canal. It
is understood that lock masters at
Hartwell's Locks and Hog's Back have
been notified that they will be replaced."—Morning Albertan, Oct. 24.
(Ed—From "the, above it appears that
there Is an age limit of 50 for government employes, but this does not-include those who wear the senatorial
togaj high commissioners, judges of
the bench, etc.,-because'to lose their'
highly paid positions would be disastrous, whereas messengers, doorkeepers, etc., - should have studied the advantages of "thrift" and purchased; a
government annuity. Old, at 50, not'
worn out.vonly slightly debilitated, a
choice selection—for names, and ad-
Owlng to the difficulty7 of placing
their boys'' In. suitable trades, the
Bchool committee of the Poplar Board
of Guardians have proposed that pamphlets Betting forth the advantages of
the Army and the Navy services should
occasionally" be distributed among the
boy's at the schools, and that Instructions/ bn, these lines , be periodically
given in the classes. This proposal
however, .met with the bitter opposition of the Socialist members, and the
matter has been.referred back to the
committee for further Information.'"''
,   Mr.-George Larsbury, M.P., said.it
60  YEARS'
'EXPERIENCE
Mints
Trademarks
Designs' -
Copyright* Ac.
i '
Anyone tending a sketch vat description m»y
quickly Moeruin oar opinion free whether ta
. ,_.__  _ommnnlD9,.
 „ jiANDEOOKonPatenU
' Mntfra*. Oldest ssenoy tortecnrtnffMtents.
...... rr ._ .—u*w.re«
Ureotlon te probably
tlons strictly oonfldentl
sent free. Oldest saeni., -.	
PtteaU Uken through Unnn Soo.leootv*
•9«wn*M^ without obsrge, In the . - -
Scientific Jltscrican.
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Xt-rgest circulation of any solentwc Journal. Terms lor.
lanada, 13.7$ a year, postage prepaid.   Bold by
'11 newsdealers.  --       •-      ..■,,."
'^eSmmWM
"INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
"•  ' IMMINENT."
;- This'was tlio wording of one of tho
rocent contents bills, and wo have
been much taken to taBk in various
quarters in consequence, We regret
that wo seo no roason to elthor withdraw or modify ou rwords.—John Bull,
MEXICAN   MINERS  OUT
A strlko has broken out among tho
minors of Cananoa, Moxlco, nnd 800
of tho 3,000 workmen havo quit.
Tho American' Consul at Nogalos
says: "Thoro aro only fifty Mexican
soldiers In town. Ro-onforcomontB
havo boon nsked for.
This prompts tho quory: Does ho
expect tho ruralcs to go Into tho mines to work?—St, Louis Labor,
THAT LITTLE PAIN
IN THE BACK
Scotland Opening up
Coal Fields Under River
Shitohfo Cmt
QUICKLY  STOPS  COUQH8.  CURES   COLDS.
KCALS THE THROAT AND LUNGS. 28 CENTS
Said to Rival the  Wellington Pit
at Whitehaven Where Late
Accident Happened
GLASGOW, Oct. 28.—Scotland ls to
opon up, a now coalfield but to got at
tho seams,It has boon necessary to
dink mines'undor lho wators of tho
Firth of Forth. Alrendy thoro ls n
coal mlno—tho Wellington Pit. Whitehaven, whero a groat catastrophe
luipiwned last, yonr— running a mllo
under tho son. This now coal bod
promises to rival that In Importanco
and oxlent,
YearB ago tho locality was tried but
work was suspended becauso pltslnk-
lng and working woro not hnndlod
with modern appliances of oloctrlolly
It May Not Ut Very Dad, but It I*. • Sure
Indloatlon of Woakened Kidneys
You pay llfo Inmiranco ovon if you
don't expect to tlio right away—you do
it to mako old ago comfortablo or to
protect your family.
What about that littlo pain in your
baokV   It's your kidneys  calling for
hoalth InHiiranco-warning you that old nml compressed nlr, Todny mining cn-
ago will not bn comfprtablo—that Itlicu-
matlsm or Jiiabotos will nflliot you | Kl»w?i'u <"nn oi'ilp a mlno with tx sys-
ultimately. .        jtom of huge fnim thnt will ventilate
You think you nro strong nnd can1
afford to neglect il, and that you will bo n mlno throo miles under tho son if
nil right in a day or so.   Perhaps you necessary.
will, will if It never rocurs you nro rio,   1]I1(kt). ,onH08 RmnlP(, hy „ d
worso off, but tho kidneys havo a woll-      , ,      .    ,       .       .   '
known liubit of repeating offences of imrt forOBtB «l«Hiirtinoiit. four   shafts
that sort. j nro boljig borod—-two on tho Flfo, or
Why not insuro your kidneys against
Mombers of District 18,
please note—Tho official ballot for the forthcoming election of tho officers for the' on-'
suing year Is shown on Pago
Six (6).
reclaimed for tho soroenlng Iiouhos.
lloaldos thoso, n third Bchomo Is
afoot, backed by Charlos H. Allan of
tho Holfasl shipbuilding firm of Work
mnn, Clink nnd company, for another
Firth of Forth colliery,
futuro tronblo by taking n good kidnoy
proscription like Nynl's Stono Root
Compound?  Thnt is just as reasonable
m   jifn   it'"MMn*p      "*5fnil*   f^^^rlp>tv\   frr»*v\
wall-developed kidnoy trouble in later
ycurii Viiii bring your family mora imp-
plnc-fli and satisfaction than receiving a
olicquo from your lifo policy,
Nyal's Stono Hoot Compound is a
scicntifio product with a record that
cams your respect.
i i.vl  cu.i.    tV V.J..J.S   6  w.f,  vAJ^vi^—id
trifling as an insurance against future
trouble. A strong man hates ft bottle
of medicine, but the strong men are
Just as cany victims of kidney trouble
an the wrnlc nncfl,
If you try this remedy wo know you
will bo pleased. Nyal Remedies wo alrt-
ccrcly believe to be tbo best medkino
values offered. 0
For Suit; in tcriiio nnrt (iiiarniiit.'wl by
N, C 6UDDABV
north Hhorp, and two on tho ROiir.li
shore,'Seldom In tho old bind do now
townships spring up ns thoy do In tho
Irwflolil, Tif>nr Oiilronn nnd WplMtny,
WHAT THE WESTERN
FEDERATION OF MINERS
18 DOING FOR BUTTE
lly Victor L, Ilorgor
Capitalism worltB vory much on tho
snmo pattern nil ovor this country,
And especially In municipal affairs wo
find" vory much the Bflmo conditions—
with only tho difference that graft is
larger In tho larger cities—and tho op-
nnnlMnn nf Mm irrn'|nvn t« lv.^rf* Vlltcr.
And tho niipnRltlon nf tho onpltnllnt
tion in~Bu"tte' can no moreltbolish cap-'
italism and the results of' capitalism
in Butte than'w3, can'in Milwaukee.
Our comrades have to be satisfied with
even-smaller things than we in Milwaukee—the'city .being much smaller
—the issues and the sums involved are
correspondingly'smaller,
o However, the .work ' of' administration is doing is Socialist work. And
Socialism can never come without that
kind'of work.    " , ;.
The Socialist party the world over
ls above all a city party.
We shall continue, to carry cities In
elections, and we must make good in
cities first, •     ,   .
It-ris easy to learn a" few so'called
"revolutionary" phrases and to ropoat
them on every occasion—the anarchists understand that easy art,,even
bettor than our Impossible friends.
But human soclety.is an organism-
arid as a sapling grows from an acorn
so miist Socialism ''grow; continually
until It becomes the great system of
humanity.
Our mothod means bard work and
porsovornnco. Oiir mothod 'requires
brains, knowledge .and courage—but
our methods will win.",
And to return to Butto—what tho
comrades thoro, can do, Is to provo
that in spite of all obstacles tho working class Is fully as capablo of carrying on tlio business of a community
as Is tho capitalist class—and that, tho
working cIsbb Ib inflnltoly moro honest.    Thoy are doing that.
Under those circumstances I fool
confldont thnt tho Socialists of Butto
will, not only hold tholr own at tho
next county oloctlon, but will also
break,tho,ico Tor tho far wost and
oloct ropresontallvos of tbo working
cliisfl to theloglHlnturo.
Moroovor, am nlso sure that tho
Soclnllsts of Butto llko tho'Socialists
of Mllwnukoo, will novor for ono moment loso slghl of tlio fact that It Is
not tho hoIo nlm of tbo Socialist party
Just to glvo a claim nnd honost administration and good government to tholr
rospoctlvo cities,
Our nlm Is to abolish tho present
system and lo'omanclpnto labor,'
And last, but not least—I do wish
that Mllwnukoo wns orgnntaod as thoroughly on the industrial field as Bntto
Is — Chicago Dally Socialist,
dresses write Government Inspector of
Human Cast'Offs, Ottawa, Ont. N.B.
—Some ,of the above have-powerful
voices and could be hired at reasonable,
rAtesjto_bonerjJLEr_osperlty)LRG'ace,and,
Patriotism" at political potlaches.)   '--
Imperial Bank of Ca-nada
?,                 -,-   y HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO V.     .,
Capital Authorized 7..   $10,000,000   Capital Subscribed ..     ,6,000,000-
Capital Paid,,Up ......  ' '5,944,278   Reserve  Fund  '.      ,5,944,278
D. R. WILKIE, President    :,    HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
7 7        BRANCHES   IN   BRJTISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson',
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
7 SAVINGS DEPARTMENT . '
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of .deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH , GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
LECTURE ON IBSEN
. A. very Interesting and instructive
lecture on trie great Norwegian 'playwright, dramatist.,and, poet, Henrik,
Ibsen, was .delivered under,the auspices of the -, Fernie Literary Society
by tlie Rev. Mr. Wilson; recently of
Hosmer, and a graduate of Aberdeen
(Scotland) .University. '7
After a biographical sketch showing
 ] '    v1
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
WORKING WITH LUMBER   '
,; that-comes from this yardc,
,7 is';a ireal .pleasure. Every-.
7.-' piece  is'." so ' true,  so  easily.'
worked '•'.  ■' .'  '"-*'   7    '.,'
YOU CAN'T EXPECT A GOOD.
'.'   ' -.   7- yJOB '"/•   7-7
With poor lumber any more
than you'd, expect good shoes
from-poor' leather.    'Suppose
' you glvo iis your next order."
You'll find you save time,'labor and real money by getting,
the kind .that wo sell.   .
OFFICE and YARD,  MCPHER80N  AVE., OPP. Q. ti.  DEPOT,  FERNIE
:*s
ers
For DISTRICT LEDGER Readers
i      ' * i '
Spend   Your Money  with   These
noamr tho mouth of tho Flrlh,   aro politicians, tho rnpltnllst press nnd tho
growing Into civic Importance as tho
now underground resources nro tnji-
pod,    Two yours havo boon snout In
Rlnkliif Mm VilllMM'tflil nhnfti fnr tlm
Fife Coal Company. In older Scottish
rolllerks ponies nre used below tho
({roiiiid for traction, nnd much bos
U'cn written as to tholr sufforlngs.
But horo In this latest mlno electricity
doos tho hauling, Two thousand tons
a day Is tlio output tor this yonr, but
next year It will ho doubled.
With thoRfl two now sourcoH of Hlip-
ply tho coal port of Mothll Is growing
In Importance ovory day, Tliror? million tons of coal have br«ii shipped
from thoro this year nnd tho flguro
Is steadily mounting. Tho Wellcsloy
rf.lbfry Is «piH«- olowi al hnnd, bill 'i
groat deal of work has bad to bo done
thero, for a sea wall n mllo long hart
to be built before the land could be
business mon ls vory much of, tbo
snmo typo whorovor Socialism lias do-
volopod nny strength,
The flnrlnllnt ndmlnlntmtlnn tn Butto
was oloctod Inst April. That success
camo as a surprise, of course—Socialists successes In Amorica always como
ns n surprise
Moroovor, ovon tho Socialists did not
oxpoct to win with such majorities.
A largo element of well-to-do cUIxpiib
voted tbo Socialist ticket becauso thoy
woro dlHgtistcil with both ltcpubllranB
nnd Democrats. No ono will blnmo
thorn.
But thoro Is n situation tn Butto
unlike thnt In any other city ih tho
United fltates. 'I'M city or Butte l.i
luuclU uUy a luluim*' < aiiip which Is under tho control of tho Western Federation of Minors,
There aro hardly a hundred men
WhUot "(tvl"!?." pc,Htl<,M ^cr.ow
from the (lollnrn and rontn viewpoint
It would Indeed lib well for employers
of labor to tnko up tho study of sociology when (hoy would discover It
would bo to tholr mntorlnl Intorosts,
even from n ilnHnm nnd rontn vl<«w-
point, than to follow tlio couruo which
so many of them seem to think may
result to tholr financial advantage
Class hatreds do exist and will exist
for somo tlmo to como, not bocmiso
of desires, but becauso thoy nro In-
hermit, in tho present regime. Philanthropists, pulpit pounders and verba*
lints may Inveigh against'lit, but with
out nvnll.
Electric Restorer for, Men
Photnhonol (Mterei twyntrrctatttttodj'
 s    l„ i„ pIOptr tioiion (tuitoui
in     ' ' "  	
vim fin.t vlnllf,   I'ro.iilutcdrray tnulallicxutl
wi»»-.^« tivitA *t onit.   Vhoiptunol will
It K,»1'l!,,A',»nv«'Mf»n. Th« Hcobult
t)o„ Nt, C.'«l)i»rln««, Out,
For $>t« at OttuidtH's Drug Stort
Drill*
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t
¥
¥
¥
General Merchants
Trltes*-Woed Co.
Crows Nest Trading Co.
,,   Philip Carosella
Weber's Store, Ltd.
Butchers
"41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co,
n
Dairy
Fernie Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal > Hotel,
King's Hotel
Colrman Hair!, Coleman
Royal Hotel, Nelson
Real Estate
C. E. Lyons
M. A. Kastner
Joe Grafton
Hardware
J. D. Quail
Trltes Wood
J. M. Agnew & Co., Elko.
Sewing Machines
Wm, Barton
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
Home Bank
Imperial Bonk
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy A Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.   '
 i
Billiards and Pool
W, Injjrsm, Club Cigar Store.
Wines & Liquors
Pollook Wine Co.
- P. Carosella.
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
Over the C. P. R. '
Second Hand Steve
ti. Hadiand
When you're dry
MuU Extra
Livery & Cartage
George Barton
Professionals
DENTISTS
, Dr. Barber
LAWYER*
Rets, McDonald and Lana
FJtkHtln & MtTaggart
Law* & Fisher
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X-'
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I
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y^yp*y
;■'-;', ; -,ir'
r,'"j'*V-V
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'7 "a.
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&*'
THE, blSTOIOT-LBpCrKR,. JfiBRNIE, B. C, NOVEMBER 4,1911
PAGE   THREE
Canadian, yM^nUf^tuf^^
Association /Said:to he{
' * ... ° '*'■':    ,, . ^ -y*■"""'-- \        '-. • yy-   v.
Guiltyofdrifting
Acdident Scheme Under Way
. " A further' opportunity - was'"accord"-
ed the*" representatives'of'the.. CamV
dlan ■ Manufacturers'. Association ■ * and
the District Labor, Council to, express
their ..views regarding ' the ^ proposed
Workmen's Compensation, Act J by J51r
William' Meredith; at tlie Parliament
Buildings this morning.    --•■ ",'
In addition to the executve officers
present several ■ prominent' employers
ofv labor," amongst them being,, Mr. R.
S.-Gourlay, President, of the Board of
Tra'de77„ •-.;, -■ .y-      •    ■ ' , '  -
"•     '    Ci M. A.-Asks" More'Time
Mr.-F.'.W. Wegenast,,'6n behalf, of
.theC.-M. A.', asked for,more time to
deliberate. ,' He.understood that;the
report,was ,to"be presented • at "the
forthcoming "session; of the legislature, - The'association had done all it-
could, but personally he did not see',
'how it was,possible to put the matter
lri,shape by that time,   y
The manufacturers-were'willing'.to
meet labor interests, but further' dis-1
\cussion   was  'necessary,,   and--he
' thought that the views of those manufacturers who did not belong to the
association should' be secured before
-action was taken.       ^ ~ y   '
"The'association has done a :little
more than, its share," he said. •
■ -"What do you want?' asked Sir William. ,'      ;    ,' .' ' '
■ "More time,', replied Mr. Wegenast.
Had'16 Months Already  -
a ■ 'That is very- indefinite,   do   you
want* a year or' a month?     It is diffi-
. cult for,me to see, bow   much   more
. time you need;". You'have already had
,.1G months,v;and"surely .during- that
' time.- It -has been "possible to gather
information ■ in ■ the - matter'- from all
parts of'the world.'--' Personally, I can
,n6t,bnderstand7wha_t_the_"iC._M,7AL_h_as
WARNING''
' "This is to notify,, any mem-'
• ber of, the U. > M.» W.. of A..
found_.,guilty' of making false
statements' with a view to pb;'
taining relief will be" prosecuted arid forfeit all,rights of
membership.,-    • • '' i ■  ■    ' -
'♦
'•#"
♦
'♦
report during" the session7 "'and said
that meetings would probably be held
at other points In' the v Province. Another one.will,be arranged for Toronto, probably in the evening.
Should Impose No Hardship v
' ■ Mi\ John Flrstbrdok' said there was
no antagonism between employer and
employe in the matter. "I have yet,"
said he,'.'to meet'""'a single employer
who does notcompensate tiis employes.
In case of accident." He considered"
.that ,any legislation' passed in ' Ontario should be iri'keeping with' such
laws in'.other.Provinces. This was necessary because' Ontario manufacturers 'who are c6mpeting0with the manufacturers ,of other Provinces should
notabe handicapped. •-   " .•
' Mr. J. G. Merrick, who represented
the Employers' Association, -pointed
out,that they occupied a position different from that of the manufacturers.
The employers', he said, were in most
cases jnencomiDg out of the ranks of
the workers. He suggested that' tbe
Employers'.Association.', would confer
with the building trades and submit to
His Lordship a joint report on the
question.    ; .    .   ' •    -
To Hear Miners' Views
W. T. Carbell, Provincial' Inspector'
of Mines s'uggested'-.that _ the mining
companies and members of the Miners' Union wished to.be heard on this
question'and suggested the holding
of:a session at Cobalt.to secure their
views. -----   -■■■'.     '•   -.':
i*
.F. W. Bancroft, representing organized labor, requested .His Lordship to,
submit his report to the.next session of
the .Legislature.—Toronto- News."" ■'
i   z —   —.—...——.—., y. ■ '
— SOCIALISM COSTLY.    ;
thoy are doing, simply proving'that a.
city's affairrs can'bo judiciously admin
istered and better thought can be given
sanitation and .education when those in
charge of'affairs are more Interested
in the welfare- of tho. future citizens
of the country than they„ar,e in private
speculation. Of course, one may say
that these assumptions are prejudiced,
but to any who desire to read the
results of the investigations should endeavor' to obtain the opinions of part-'
:e3 or individuals cut side of polltijsl
partisans,'whoever theymay be..
If it bo so ■ easy for irien to, make
jobs its-would be exceedingly- interesting'to know why then- are so maiiy.in-.
dividuals, both on this continent' fa'iid
in the old world,' who are fully competent'to fill.all stations of a clerical
character, how they are going to do It'.
"We'ro from Missouri.' ', „'- <-.
,' There -' are ' many individuals who
have the, supervision of laborers,,. iri
the industrial world, and this is,, not
confined to the coal mining concerns,
Who'labors,undor the Impression that
If, it, were possible to eliminate the
Socialists'all'would be well. Such
notions are fatuous indeed, and show
conclusively, that these so-called intellectual individuals are lacking in per^
ception. Otherwise they would ask
themselves these, questions: How can
there be effects without causes? Why
is ,it that- in associations where the
rank and. file have voting powers to
determine .who shall be their officers
that it ,is' the more radical element
that - is- being; elected In "practically
every, labor organization on the continent of America; arid therefore it
must follow that'-they, possessing this
power,-must be more or*less Socialis-
tk-ally' inclined, though they vary in
degrees, or a different type-of individual .would ,bo 'chosen"to represent
rham ? ■ ■        '        ■       '     ' 	
road strike that -recently convulsed
England. The winner of theorises
is given.as .Charles Wood, of Catford,'
and this is his' explanation:
» "As a workman, I have only one possession of marxeutble value—namely,
my labor. I claim the right to': sell^
that at its market price, arid, in "com7
mon with my' capitalistic employer,
to realize tbe best price I can ""obtain
for it. ' In common, again, with my
employer's mothod of bargaining, I
join an association ' to regulate the
price at which that certain commodity,
shall bo sold, and below which" we
pledge ourselves not to' sell. My employer, while claiming the. right for
himself, refuses to recognize my right
to adopt his methods.' If I refuse to
pay his price for his goods he withholds !them from' me.. He' refuses
my price for my labor .therefore I
withhold that labor from him. ' I
strike!"
In all probability Mr. Wood contributed part of his winnings to the local
Socialist branch whoso teachings enabled htm to formulate his answer.
Tit-Bits makes honorable mention .of
other answers sent in from which
those given below are selected. It is
quite evident that most of the writers
are more "or less infected with the
"pernicious' doctrines of Socialism,
and that their answers should be considered, the best is ,not"without significance: .
'Because hitherto a railway porter
with an average wago of £1, I found
it difficult to live-1 had neither opportunity nor influence to better myself;
I was "compelled to keep a poor job
rather than get out of work and risk
finding a' good one; I dared not air
my grievances, for fear of dismissal;
and by dull acquiescence in ;my sorry
lot I was" fast- losing my manhood.
Then" suddenly,the possibilities of improved position by the aid of a great
strike presented themselves. It was
my-first opportunity to better myself
without fear of losing my job, and so I
embraced it. My wrongs, which could
not- be ventilated individually, could
now be ventilated collectively.. And
for the first time since-1 started to
work I was able to assert myself as a
man and not as a mere cog In the
wheel of industry." .   ,
"You ask me why I went on strike,
.And I will tell you why,
Although within my heart I'd-like '„•
To bid the past good-bye.
"A hovel in a dingy._ street,    ,'
A" weak disheartened wife,
Five little children at our feet
To share our daily strife. ■"
"To'share our hunger.   (Heaven!  ■
Were men designed'to moil and die?
My wage, was only sixteen ten,
■ Now, need' you ask,.me why?
"Not to riot or to plunder, which true
workers always hate,
But to get fair hours and wages for tho
- wealth he helps create."
been-doing air this "time. .This Commission cannot be trifled.with.^ vTho
report must be placed' before • the
House some time during the coming
session," ho ''concluded,    • y
Mr.' G. M. Murray,' Secretary of the
C. M. A., stated .that a special committee'of the-association had framed
■ a declaration of principles, but be was
not at liberty to'announce what, theso
.principles were.    He hinted, however,'
. that'the proposal would be,along tho
. lines of an accident Insurance scheme
"*, substituting this method' for tho alternative plan . of personalllabllity on
tho part ot tho employer.,
It would moan the Insurance of tho
payroll so that thoso  who   woro   In-
, jured could rccolvo compensation on
, proof of injury.
Asked Delay of Three Months' .,
Mr. Gourlay pointed out that tho
groat bulk of tho members- of tho
Manufacturers' Association had not
boon given much tlmo to consider tho
quostlon, Tho Act should bo comprehensive, nnd tho loglsaltlon should bo
of such a nature that tho bond ho-
twoon employer nnd employee should
bo closer than ovor boforo.
IIo submitted that ns tho manufacturers had only boon ablo to hold ono
mooting, it should bo cnrrlod over for
three months,
, ,       Meetings In Other Place's
Ills Lordship ropoatod his intention that tho Commissioners   should
"I am,.a railwayman, and went 'on
strike' in obedience to the call of the
leaders of our society. I also considered it was the only way open (after
other methods had' been tried) to enable me to get what I have long wanted—sufficient wages to enable me to
live with decency and a degree of
comfort; fewer hours of labor, to enable nie to have a reasonable amount
of spare'*time; and recognition of, the
officials of our society, so that imposition riiay not be endangered by my
having to personally appeal for adjustment of wrongs."
"Because I might as well play for
nothing as work a week for-very little
more." 7
"To help to show that capitalists are
absolutely powerless without labor. To
help, if possible, to eliminate "the
wretched conditions of those who live
and die in the lowest grades of hard
and continuous labor, and to try to
obtain for the present and future generations a share of the worldly comfort and contentment that the workers
deserve but seldom get, and which
the autocrats of finance revel in."
'   "'" — New York Call.'
At the start you can't make
■ ' money faster than by saving it.
Deposits of one dollar and upwards,
accepted hy the Home Bank and
full compound interest  paid.
No formality, just leave your sig-
, nature and take your pass book.
»
j -
J. P. MACDONALD,/Manager.
Fernie Branch.
BH
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets : .,.-40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton' has, made
saving simple—by elimlnatin gall'unnecessary Bank formality.   ',
An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will,act as an incentive to
steady 'saving and will quickly grow-
to a sum worth while.
J. R. LAWRIE
Agent
Head Office:
HAMILTON"
'"■ MILWAUKEE, Oct. 26.—The Social-
Ists' regime has cost*Milwaukee a million dollars more than, the previous
Republic administration; , y y" ,
Tho above, special aMspatch to the
Calgary NoAys-Telegram wll bo "exceedingly interesting reading to those people who accept what Is'said'in the
newspapors with the same' gullibility
as tho child who believes stories of Father Christmas and other 'fairy-like legends. It Is so easy to make a bald
statement,'and strange to say there
are so many .who take, their opinions
much ln tho samo way as a phonographic record reproduces sound, that
is, merely mechanical.
Looking- at this matter frofn tho
viewpoint of orio who has ns, a result
of associations, always considered tho
Germans haul-headed and practical,
much akin to tho Scotch, It does seem
remarkable that' in a'city whoro tho
Teutonic element predominates thoy
should prefer to havo an administration of affairs that Is'so costly, as por
this roport.     1
Ex parte statements havo boon mado
by thoso who havo vlsltod Milwaukee
with a view to ascertaining the correct
fnets, and thoso Investigators havo
not boon Socialists or near Socialists,
but havo spoken in tho highest terms
ot commondatlon of tho splendid work
that has already been achieved In so
short a tlmo In "Soldolburg." Thoso
In office are not oxpoctlng to Inaugurate tho Commonwealth   by   what
- Coming to matters somewhat nearer
home. The vote in. the recent political elections in the, coal mining-districts ought to tell its, own story to
those who are riot completely blinded
or Ignorant rather,of current.events.
Furthermore if they wish to investigate a little further they would "reach
tho conclusion that given' a certain
number of votes It must; follow, unless
all usual rules are exceptions; that this
poll'only Indicates a portion of the electorate Imbued with, advanced no-,
tlons, largely because those deprived
of the voto aro of tho class that by
virtue of their employment aro more
migratory than they, who form the
backbono of the old parties.
To attempt to suppress by coercive
means, whether It be by blacklisting,
refusal to employ, or in any other discriminating tactics, has but ono result,
thut of merely affecting a fow Individuals but by no nionns destroying tho
prlnclplo."
TO DEVELOP
COAL AREAS
Big Development Work
Island-Big Sum
COALMINING
CRISIS NEAR
Prediction Made at Min-
JoiuCongressjUlie
Coming Battle
BLACKLISTED BY BANK8
Bank Clerks Who Testified for the
State In the Charles C. Morse Trial
Are Victims of Discrimination.
■^mw^Ng^
-k
The Coo.
always feels
confid-eiii of
pure and wholesome
f o o d when using
ff*mvHHmif&i,, jr. 4
r PRICES
CREAM
Baking Powder
A Pure,Grape Cream^Tartar,
Baking Powder
Made from Grapes
ll|UaCb'QW#
^\^V^mVKN^MKKNN&
^wm^NSKH-mASK**'
"WASHINGTON, Oct. SO.—Accordlng
to a statement mado by Statos Attorney WIbo, of Now York, bank dorks
must "shut up tight" or porjuro thorn-
solves In court when tho honosty of
tholr employers Is questioned, on pain
of being blacklisted.
Speaking at a mooting of tbo Now
York Chnptor of tho American Institution of Hanking, tho Btntcs Attorney
declared that not ono of tho clorkB
who had told tho truth In tho case
of tho Government against Charlos A.
Morso In tho National Hank of North
America Investigations bad boon ablo
to got a position In Now York since,
Continuing bis addross, no snld:
"When thoro Is crookodnoss In a
bank It generally comes from nbovo
dnd not from br-low. Thoro nro moro
proHOcutlons of dishonest bank officers
thnn of thlovlng dorks. Hut dorks
nro thrust Into a hnd position by tholr
dependence When called to testify
ngalnst tholr bosBos they know that
It thoy do not shut up tight they'll bo
flrod nnd practically blacklisted.
'I say that bankcra ought to seek
out. thoso discharged clerks, rmnlnv
thorn and promote them. Otherwise
tho bank clerks themselves ought to
organUo and walk out, union fnshlon,
every man of llicm, nlien any clerk
Is discharged for tho truthful ovl-
denco given by him In a court of law.
It Is most union inline that bunking
standards hnvo not yet got so high
that a dork who refuses to commit n
crime needs protection against tho
sourco of his livelihood by tho very
Instigators of tho crimo and protection ap;.i.In«t tho prejudice.) of other
hankers."
WHY THEY WENT ON STRIKE
Tho well known IlrltUh publication.
T't.Wi*. recently offered a prlto of W
to the railroad omnloyo who would
»Mid In tho Ik-M <r*r'HJMSt!(Vfl, wiM-fs
on ft no*tfti rnnl, M(fri*r tho rsnnnnp
why bo took part In th'? great mil-
• VANCOUVER, B. C, 0„ct. 24.—That
the recent visit of Mr Andre Lazard to
British Columbia .was to invest $3,000,-
000 in Vancouver Island coal properties
is the .news that has just becomo public. Mr. Lazard, who Is managing
partner of that great financial Institution known as ,'Laznrd Freres," considered second only to the Rothschilds
among European monetary t powers,
came, saw and bought, and Vancouver.
Island Is tho fortunate object of his
shrewdness.
Lazard Freres aro already heavily Interested In the Canadian Collieries,
Ltd,', holdings, and as a result of Mr
Lazard's visit plaiiB are now being
formulated for a moro olaborato development of 'tho coal mining Industry
thnn had been previously decided
upon,
Mr, It, M. Klndorsloy,' himself ono of
tho moBt prominent financiers In Great
Britain nnd tho representative of Lazard Freres, who accompanied Mr. Lazard on his visit to tho coal mines at
Extension and other Vancouver Island flolds, stated afterwards that $.').•
000,000 had been apportioned for lho
purpose of further opening up tlio coal
properties of Vnncouvor Island. „ A
lnrgo proportion of that sum will bo
URCd for hniilncc powor, mndo possible
by tho installation of b'ydro-oloctilc
plnnts, utilizing tho natural water forco
within tho vicinity of Extension nnd
Cnmbcrlnnd conl fields. Tho undertaking will-occupy tho greater part of
1011 nnd 1012.
. CHICAGO.—The American Mining
Congress adopted resolutions recently
endorsing- the deep waterways move:
ment, recommending the passage of nn
equitable worklngmen's compensation
act and urging a modification of the
Sherman Act ro pft'inil reasonable
agveoments between coal oporator-j.
President John Dein of Salt Like,
pcliued out the neol Ot a special congressional commission to investigate
A/nskan conditions and to recommend
a j roper adjudication ef tho landB and
mineral controversies' thoro.   "
Tho congress refused to declaro itself for employers' liability legislation
A prediction of industrial warfare
and dissolution of organized coal mining next spring was mado by D. W.
Kuhn, of Pittsburg, In a paper read by
J. W, Wnrdrop of Pittsburg. Tho
paper read:
"For tho last four years the conl
operator has mot ovory condition the
country sought to put on him and ho
hns failed. Tho losses from operations cannot bo continued longor nnd
tho. crisis ls nt hnnd.
"In my opinion, noxt spring, at tho
period of wngo settlement with the
minors ovor tho country, thoro will bo-
gin ono of the woi'Bt' Industrial war-
fiiroH this country ovor hns witnessed,
It will hnvo a feast of competition.
Tlio consumers nf fuel will compote
with ono another for coal whon thoro
is no conl to be had.
"Tho minors will compote with tho
operator, pitting his stonincli against
th,o endurance of tlio operator—-an endurance of dospnlr.
"And If It doos como tlio blame, the
vengeful blame of lho pooplo will bo
placed whoro It belongs—on tho gov-
orntnont and In the weakling coal operators for tho blind and Indifferent
coiirso of Iho ono nnd Irresolute weak-
noHs of tho othor."
20 acre tracts of
Creston land-is
well watered &
excellent soil.
joe Grafton
THE DRINK HABIT
GROWS IN PUNJAB
LONDONi' Ort, SI.—Tho nnnunl ex-
else report, for tho Punjab notes tlio
growth of the drink habit among the
pooplo, It apponrB thnt In tho year
IDlO-li tho oxcIho recolpts for tho province nmniititod to no dnmi than f>7
lakhs, ns compared with iP/3 lakhs In
tho previous year and 47'^ lakhs In
1008-0 tho Inter being the highest, fig-
uro'oti record up to that date.
Nino years ago tho Income under j has nttcndodlift series of experiments
exclso was only "■' lakhs and although : made by tbo stnlf of tho Ycrnon> for-
Ci'.oiu in <i '.iii'io' iu'i'i Lva4 u'utj, ftV.'Ui , pv.u'0 £>W»OtW at ioiibiiiuhu'i in mi.-
can bo no doubi 'hat Ibcy also rvpro , trolling submarines iiolcly by H'-rizi-
Fernie
£>• v/»
SUBMARINES MAY
NOW BE CONTROLLED
BY WIRELE88 WAVES
LONDON, Oct.  .11,—Grout  success
wnt lnrr«,t»«"(,d MmsumpUon and th*
nprend of tbo liquor habit,
Measures nro being tnkon to combnt
1TK1  limilt   Imiiii.     'ill     iHmlifih     'Mlidtr
nn or wlwlcrs wrtv*t.
Tho Vernon torpedo experts havo
discovered a dovlco which makes   It
)|l,,.,Mllil1      1(1     iMMKil'ttl      ft      Jiillllll.l i lllli
Tho oxpnrlnioutH with tho submarine woro conducted with ono of tho
Holland bouts, off Solsoy, Tho controlling apparntiiH was nbonnl tho cruls
or FurloiiB, lender to tho Vernon, and
now used largely as an experimental
wlroless ship.
As a precautionary measure, no one
was allowed on board the ntibinarlno
during tho trials, though It la snld
thut tho step was qulto liiinec-'MBary,
and volunteers woro ready to under-
tako tho duty if required.
'   ll Ih considered mor«i than possible
(1 -.»   t,    (1 ■ r   i   ..      f,        HI   1
'pnfp.tbto for n 1orr>n,!i lo V dlrfHrd
'by moans nf wlroletm to the hull or nn
i enemy's yohscI from a poult Ion In
! which Its assailants ran come to no
1 harm.
w«   r%   Ki
Annual
EASTERN
CANADA
Low Round
TrJp Rates
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritlne Provinces
drinking to excess Is prevalent nnd '/from tho deck of n wnnlilp. through joNy'SWJI"* «•'«» *ccrfcl °r »•»« «»vo"
tion which is defined to have a far-
reaching effect lu tlio future of naval
war.
mVL\jcL\lcL\ZriQ
whorovor posslblo (bo number of drink | tlio llttlo vessel havo no ono aboard
shops Is being reduced.     Hut   It   Ib (Tho experiments have shown thnt   ho
pointed out that In a mntler of litis j complete  Is' tiio  Influence oxerclscd
kind little can bo dono without lho co-! ovor tho craft by means of tlio wlre-
op^raflon of all flections of th* jwonlo. 'fr-tt wnven thnt.   It.   enn   ho   driven
and tho lieutenant governor urges the | either submerged or on tho surfaro.
r>f»A of pnlille nptnlon'lo rn.ilntnln th" '    T?ie e\p/irim*rilfl flr» n .IrveMnmem
former customary   restrictions   upon.-of tbo operations on u-blcb lho ad-
orcCMlvr Indulgence.    The formation ' mlrnlty havo born for some tlmo «»n-  Is quickly cured by FIO PIM,!*,    Th
of u-nipa-anfo societies   shows   that;gncod In perfecting tho wireless tor- Jlloadacbi* disappear* ktt*t ono or two j
t.iit.Hc opinion la being aroiiwhl   ami' p«do..   ThU U row In an atlvanM*"! |d«w».   Th»y,ion«» up tho HTOMAtfit j
ira* ^<»ir.Aro|nt««IUrent km>« *i* «!!*«•* tfair*, fhuMftH mm?s 1",3« HS1!   ««■   W» ! ie<fc? mi* roSRTIPATIOV.     At   *H "
frt the dancer which threaten* fh^lr)nthlr-roA b+for+ It M firrwirhMo .1 *tM* ii!e«W*. ?.'► r*nt* f^r M*. or The Kf*r 'I
i oiiuiiuMt!**. ]of perfection. j Pill Co., Su Tl4«m„u, Out. U
n
Tiikil* f—iiriliri rniinri'tUiri wtth .Mlrtiitlr
M.'.iiii-lilli- Mill In- im mIi* frmii Nov. lull,
lu I>.'<•■ :tl-( IlK'lli-lu. »tnl llliilti.il In (IVi!
IIKiiiIIin from il.it'1 of U-tiv.
I'llir-t c-<iiil|iiiu'nl.Mar<tlniM KiM ("!:(»«itmt
'1'miti-t MiMtitMMr*.   |i|i,Ii,^iI',ii>
on nil llirutiiih trnliiH
f'nitiiurfir
"IjuiKii.il l.imili
tickets on Sale
Decs 1»tto3!»t Inclusive
Rot urn limit 3 months
A|.jil> ix'.iK-tt i". I*.tt. ••Kent fui fnitSi ul.ii i
»knl.<ii.ii. 3J.M.U.U;,
t>- -  Mi   • •  . - \,, <<<•..*   ,,. ?.»,-1$ -T
-Isitft
•^
rc^'7
^i_; <;
.»-
'-,.
PAQBFOTJK
THE DI8TM0T /LEDG^
y77 -;^^^^'^y^y^^^^7Kv«;i;;^7^v^-" yriy y,^y^,;yy.;j^§
,/'"-* '" -'-7 .-"fTs, yV1' '- -77;'-7.--: •• • \7"-<-:-.!" >y.'-'.-'-yy.K. y.;-.-7-'- -'';'' :"''<•■:• -'7'.\'."yy7
„i- i",."..' % .'^--y''7   ry _w-""*'■-;■-.-: ■"■■£ - "•■ ■ c '< if -?-,.--> - / -\i *?". ,-'.-" ..,-•-••
®ft* list**** &%**
. Published;$very;Saturday-morning at its-office,
, Peilat Avenue,. Ferme, B.-0. fSubs'cription $1.00
;per year in advance.v An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application.' Up-to-date facilities
for the .'execution of all kinds of, book, job and
color work. Mail orders'receive special, attention."
Address all communications to Tbe District Ledger.
/    J. W.;. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. .-       OPostoffice Box No. 380
Cui^onwAi7abei.>
A  PUBLIC LIBRARY
E
LSEWH^RE in these' columns will be' found
a communication received from the British
Columbia Library Association of Victoria, and thc-
purpose should.be; one. to" appeal to every, single
citizen without distinction, and more especially so
in a community-like Fernie that is totally; devoid,
of any educational institutions outside of the public
schools, except those under private initiative.' A
city making boast to pretensions "of advancement,
counting more than 5,000 inhabitants, sadly.lacks
'■' these, institutions Which- go to' the uplifting and
betterment of the community, and there can' be no
greater factor operating for such a purpose'than a
well stocked library containing literature dealing
with all phases of human society. , About the.only
evidence of interest taken in such matters is among
the working men who have, a library in"'their club'
rooms in the Miners' Union .building. ,  .   .,
»The association that has now (been formed fills
to use a stereotyped phrase, ,"a long felt want,'
but in order that it become ■ effective 'requires co-,
operation of the people generally.-    This we hope
it may receive and trust; that ere long Fernie will,
not be' in- the backwoods class ,in the question of
u libraries.- -      . ,•• .„•',. .     ■    ' -. ,. .
'PAMPERED   BABIES   OF. THE   RICH."
{fT"1   HERE never was a time when so much
*     money "was" spent'by the very rich on their
babies as is the case today.- .\  '     : ,'
-"The best cot,blankets,;for example,."fifteen or
twenty years-ago, could be'purchased for $10 or
$15—the .richest people..never, thought of paying
'more. But\ nowadaysi the child .'of great." wealth
reposes iri hand-woven Russian blankets-of a pecu-'
liarly soft and fine quality that' cost from $50 to
$75. apiece. . -:.       ,7    ..-■■'    .--'■•. ■ •  '_
- "The cots themselves, in some nurseries cost-a-
small fortune.-' Antique cots are extremely fashionable today, and a'gen'uinespecimen of a sixteenth'
or seventeenth century carved wooden cot .might
_cost,anything-from^$5J00d-to-$i0,000,waccording--to-
its shape and design.       ■',"".',
"Every night-.the baby heir to one of the wealthiest peers in England reposes in a cot for which" an
American millionaire offered the baby's" father
- $60,000; the cot is-four hundred years old, is.made
of oak and. is beautifully "carved.   It has been in
the peer's family for the last three hundred years.
"The-modern cot, with its carved gilt posters
and lace curtains, is mirth- cheaper than an antique
one, and can be bought for about $1,000.  *   ■
"The baths are lined with the finest marble and
inlaid wjth quaint designs for the entertainment of
the little bathers when getting their morning' and
.evening tubs. • Thero are baths in some nurseries
in London which cost from $500 to $1,000, according to the quality of the'marblo and inlaid work.
"Then there are,,of course, special bath soaps at
75c. a square, which suffice for one bath only and'
soft 'baby' bath towels, that cost $10 apiece.
"But, though the children of the very ridf
nowaday arc reared amid greater luxury and splendor than over they wero, theso littlo hejrstb great
wealth nro not specially tb bo envied whilst thoy
arc in the nursery, af all events.
'One of thoir trials "is tho burden of clothes that
is heaped upon them. From the day of its birth
tho child of great wealth is nowadays half smothered in lace and silk. And tho fact that tho lace
may cost $250 a yartl, and tho fino spun silk about
$100, does not lessen tho burden.
"A well-known'doctor informed tho* press that
some time ago the infant son of a wealthy financier
was brought to him suffering,,from, convulsions.
Tho "baby arrived attended by'two nurses. IFo
was wearing a magnificent laco and silk robe that
cost nt lonst $500. , The garment buttoned round
Iuh nock, nnd tho weight of it linnging from his
nook had brought on tho attack of convulsions.
"This luckless child of wonlth hnd a rattle in his
lumd mado of gold nnd ivory that cortninly did not
<!OSt Iokh iliati $10.
" 'Hut thero is many a child,' said tho doctor,
'wliowi pnronlH onnnot nfford to pny morn Hum a
penny for a rnttlo, whom this bnby millionaire
might hnvo envied.' "—-Victoria Colonial.
When the statement is made that $2.00 a day in
round figures is the average dni'ly wnge paid the"
wage enrnor on this continent, including nil indus-
trion nnd nil llio vnrionn positions from tlio highly
pnid mental worker to tlio lowest paid.hnnd laborer
\ilit..iuiiuiH mi)}   «lm.ii; \\)\<> jire hcit'fjlilicilliy ChhUJ*
L'utl U> jiivnhieiiuii diul iJintriimtiim) tlie question
fr«u]iiuin y urines what liecmniiu of tlio othor $8, bo
anise il is assorted that under this system of in*
dustry labor is exploited out ol! about four fifths
, /• . i   i *i ,     i,
^l    Vil.iliV    tv    JliK^tUsA IS.
Tho nbovo extract)from "The Victoria Colonist"
throws a little sidelight upon how some of the four-
fifths is disposed of. To be sure "it gives work"
ns somo of tho apologists of tho present order will
earnestly proclnim, Although still remaining blind
to tho fnct thnt the ratio thnt goes to those who do
tho work hUH Iiovcih around 2 ; 8, or J : 4.
With tlio question of tho foolishness of loading
down the «hi)d to itn phyaieal detriment wo aro
not nt this time interested, but only with tho economic aspect.
In substantiation of the assertion giving $2.00 a
day;in;.round figures^ the following .is from Census
Bulletin,No*. 57 of.theU. S..Government:^.^ ' ;y'{.
"7-iy . .5,470,321 /wage'"earners'.constantly era-
ployed in,216,292 establishmentsjVrepresehtingc'aU'
forms of industry, receiving as their annual wage
$2,611,540,532, or an.average.for each worker of
$477,40. That is $1.52 for each*of 313 days: Even,
for one especially selected-,week,,the workers averaged but $1.67 per day. ,4- Including.officers and all
in these establishments,'they averaged but $1.70 per
day or $531.60 per - year."    " /  7 •■ - -7y  7   y,-
"What is,done with the other $8 worth? .,"..; y /
Out of " it is. "builded the-railways,'ibusiriessi
blocksr-factbries, highways and mansions bf'th'e
nation:y-,Out of it is paid all,dividends, interest,
profit and-rent: "■ 'It supports tens of thousands of
1 > ) s      1 *   *
wholesale-and. retail establishments-that an'.'econ-.
bmicalorganization'of business and industry would;
render "useless. It sustains "every, wealthy idler,
iii"luxury and pays the princely saiar'y of many a"
useless functionary. 'It.' buildsT every " pleasure
yacht" and'pays the price of every purchased prince.
It if;* the, source of all the-raillions squandered in
the' degrading, practices of nmmmon's. aristocracy.
It builds every battleship, 'equips every battalion
and speeds them,to their.work/pf destruction". Jt
furnishes the blood and' sinews of. an industrial
tyranny more menacing, more powerful than was
ever that of-priest "or potentate'. It buys'legislatures, congresses and councils. \ It crowns the political-boss and, baffles every effort'to establish a
rule of righteousness. It;,taints pulpits .'and tyrannizes over our institutions of learning—And every
cont of it is extracted from Labor's product through
the system of industryoknown as Capitalism."—N.
A. Richardson^ "Industrial Problems." ', - \
. Keep in mind that the' above comes;"out:of the
$8.00 worth produced, the other $2.00 being con'-
sumed by the laborer for, the purpose .of providing
■himself with" the.necessaries cof life; and-perpetuating breed. "Keep'in mind clearly when tltihkirig on
this subject that the ratio speaking broadly is 2 :,S,
although speaking,more".-exactly 'it'"is»a'littleness
than 2.!. ... ' .... ? . , Vy., ■ ". ' "
■ Graft, as commoriyl understood, comes out of
the $8, not outaof'the $2, therefore to the wage-
eafnef" it is a-secondary consideration wrho gets it
as all he receives is the price of keep and' p'r'opaga-
tion-of his species. .- It" is the whole social value of
his product-that isrbf, vital'interest neither more
nor less.        •   ;      '" '   - « ,  '   *p '     " '.-'*''
THE   liVtPENt)INO  MYELLOW
PERIL."
T N the, Victoria -Daily' Times of, Saturday, Oct 28,
■• is a cartoon entitled "The^Dawn of a New Era,'',
taken from the Columbus Sunday Dispatch, which,
contains a volume of meaning to all but the superficially minded.- •.- In the background can be seen
'fche"rays"0±-a~riSing"Sun"and"Upon"th6"Upp6r"portioii'
of the "orb the word '/REPUBLIC"; stands' out,
prominently seated-in front of this is a huge figure
of a.-typical Celestial from whose right hand has
been, thrust the opium pipe, bearing around'the top
of the bowl-the'inscription''"Medievalism," while'
at his feet is a card "Foiir'Hundred Million Asiatics." But the most interesting figure is a diminutive'and begoggled old lady.witha lugubrious expression on* her face, a Rule Britannia helmet on
her head and."Europe"; across the front of her
skirt as she stands on tlie brink of cliffs overhanging the water exclaiming,.'.'Mercy,, he's waking
up!" ■   :
■ The significance of tlie symbolical towering figure of-tho awakened Chinaman must alarm Europo"
arid yet, while development may or niay. not be retarded, tho inevitability of the Orient as a coming
factor in tho council of nations cannot be gainsaid.
What to do is a puzzle-to psoudo economists who
by their policy of laisscr fairo havo created a Frankenstein.* that threatens to overwhelm them and
from, its '-consequences there is no permanent escape
that they have, wit enough to doviso, and must eventuate in"a cbmplcle social revolution despite their
puny efforts to.stay,its coming,   •
"Ot^IMUVBdx;'
- The District' Ledger "accepts no responsi-.
bility for tho .views -expressed by its correspondents. Communications will, bo inserted
.whether signed by. the real name'of tho
ivritecoranonudoplume; but tho writer's
name and address must bo given to tho
Editor as evidence of good faith. In no case
. wi:l it ho divulged without, consent.
COMMUNICATED,
Dear Sir,—With :your permission- i
would like to "pen a few lines _ on .the
present coal^strlke in jtfiis..District,
with the hope'of.furnishing,a little,information ^ to. those parties who have
but a 'very limited, "knowledge of the
case for.- the miners. ,        , . '    f--:
'The present "strike was not.undertaken for pure-cuBsedness,7but with
the. object of trying to make wages
"catch, up with, the ..Increased cost ■ of
living. No pereon disputes:the in-,
creased cost of-living, so that It is
unnecessary for nie to furnish proof
here. ~ Still,'I would recommend to^the
readers of this letter a • careful perusal
of- The, Labor Gazette, published hy
the ,> Dominion.- Government, wherein
a comparison is made of prices for the
past ten yeara. . .  0- ....
Another striking factor, ln bringing
about the preesnt struggle Is the great
disparity between-wages In this District and wages paid in0 the adjoining
Districts of "Montana and Washington.
Those two, districts ten years ago
were practically, on the same basis
rate of wages.as'this one, but-wi
now find by reference' to the agreement framed Jn Sept. 1910, that they
are 25 per cent ahead of us. "They
have received air increase'in. wages
on almost every "agreement framed
for the ten .year".period. ' If the increase-in, the cost ot living entitled
them.to this Increase, then why has
an increase been denied" ln this District? 'I make the assertion here
that nowhere' m* the West is the coal
mined so cheaply as It is in' this District, and I question very much if' coal
is produced so cheaply anywhere on
the American continent.' ■ >°
The day rate of the States of Montana' and Washington is here repro--
duced for/the "sake of comparison,
alongside those of this District.
ton of 2240 lbs
Michel -   ,
ditto
Coleman '•■'
ditto
Lille ;■■
ditto
Bellevue  "-
ditto
Bankhead
ditto
Canmore .
ditto
Lethbridge
"ditto
Hillcrest'
ditto
ed with local-conditions1,A&.the,height
of the coal seams vary so much. The
width of breasts and the size of pillars
also vary infinitely, but -It^is.apparent
from perusal, of. the agreement .'that
they are higher than those, which pre"-
vail in'this District^;":'.'" ''.y- •'     ., y
. "A list-of the contract'ratf si in" this
District will-be interesting" 7 y^.;
Coal Creek, average,rate per^      "-' \,
'.•••;..;.- .56%c.
-'dittS.y 56%c7
ditto A ;52%c'.
'■'ditto.y 62 -.b.
dlttoX'7 47%e/
-ditto.'.-^8 'c.'
ditto-.7 547c."
'■ ditto. 7-,74". c.;
-dlttdV' 46[".o.j
;' It is important lo remember-that tn
the Hillcrest dispute over the question
of a differential,, ln pillars;1-that'the
coal company only hoped for 5 cents
per ton, but, the arbitrator, .put of the
goodness,ot his heart-and his experience as a miner (!) gave a reduction
of 10 cents per ton on pillar work...,,.
The great disparity,In .prices and
wages is notable.-. In the case of day
wages the difference ls readily seen,
especially Inside wages,, which are 25
per cent higher in Montana and Washington than in this District:, I think
it is safe to, assume' that the! same
dlference exists in contract wages in
most parts of this District., True,
there are a few exceptions, notably in
the pillar work of' the pitching seams.
But taking the" mlneB- of the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal'Co.' the mines of the
Alberta Railway and Irrigation Co.,
and all the flat seams, the contract
rates "are altogether too low.' The C.
N. P. Coal Co. gave a statement of
average earnings- of the7,mlners at
Coal Creek and Michel ,of $3,98 and
$3.96 respectively to ,the chairman of
the recent investigation board, but no
one who has the slightest - knowledge
of the conditions of work at"" these
figures-as accurate., So many of the
the statements filed by them for the
board's information were found to be
incorrect and misleading, and selected
rather than general, that, it is impossible to rely on the statement 'of-earn-
■.JDay. wages Dis. 18.
v>
Miners,,..,.,...,.,...
Timbermen., ......
Timbermen, Ijtelpers
Tracklayers .....   ..
Tracklayer Helpers,.
Motormen.........   .;
Drivers,..
Inside mine ' t
...'....$3.00.7.-.
'.. .y$3.00..i.
.. ...7.2.50,.';:1..
.'. .... 3.oo;v..
.. ....' 2.50 .V.,
:. ...". 2.75-!-7.,
..- .,.'.,2.75..,.,
2.75 .&'3.00 ..[.'.
..'.'.'.. 3.00..,.'.
, 2.75& 3.00..'.,
- ' Rope .Riders.a,,(,
. Shot Lighters..'.',
Hqistmen   ..;.-,
,.-     Engineers..  -,,.".. 2.75'..%
■i •■ 'Cagersy7.-'".'."..". ./..  .i_..y2v5_0_._._.'_
Coupler. boys-.... .7!. ....' 1'. 50.7
- Trappers ....' ;... 1.00...
Pumpmen 2.50 ..
Inside labor'n'ot!"ispecined.. 2.50".. ".'
•>-'-, w>
The classes,of lab'dfcabove enumevat-ed are ohly" those which are. common .>
to each dlstrlct,'.and (therefore subject to comparison.
Day wages Dlsts. 10 and 22
(Montana and Washington)
- ■„■  Inside mine
.... '...;'..  .'.'.'.'..$3;80'
,';.:" I...'.;"."..;7$3.80
... .'...:.• ..'.':/. 3.15 ." '
;... '...":'..   .77".$3.80>'N   '
.1    ■    ■    •     ■ V >   .
;    ......,3.15V ■ '
..:.  3.35 ■"•
."..'.   ..i.;.."."...:.',3.35"<  ,
...-.' .'.:;,.   ...... 3.35  ■;>•■
..... '...'.'..' 3/95   ..'.
.... :.:.:. ......,3.'i5 *,.-.
•7 7'..'.7.7 ...:.. 3.40'    .,
,...:.7'...7.7C7.^.3.is7&;^:4o7
.'..'.' ......   .'. 1.90 & 2740'*
:...'-....,.7....7. 1.60"   •"•
;'...'■'..y..''..^y. 3.15   '!^-
;/.. ".:i:..'''...':.. 3.15  ■■-
o    . i   y_'','-, ^   * y' wages
;     .',,'.' ,."7- 9ut^(l0, mtni3
Engineers, powerhouse 7$3,G7V2
Engineers, "powerhouse
Engineers, tipple ■'. 7
Engineers, box;car ....
' Engineers, Hoisting.'. .,
?, "Engineers,' Locomotive
"■' Engineers, tall' "Vope
. 3.13
. 3.15
. 3.15  ;
'. 2.8a
. 3.15
.' 3,36
73.67^
7 Z.Wi
. 3.07V6
. 2.62%
. 3.67Vj
2.62H
NOT DEFINITELY SETTLED
nn ITE impression hns gono forth that the strike
••!• wns definitely settled and various individuals
liavo boon complimented upon thoir success in bringing this long,drawn out struggle botweon the mino
workers of District 18, U. M. "\Y. of A., and the
Western Coal Operators' Association to a satisfactory conclusion,
As wo havo already stated in those columns that
the two parties to the controversy hnd decided upon
a basis of negotiations preliminary to definite settlement, nnd whon tho wholo details woro worked
out then tho question of acceptance was lofy to
the rank and file of District 1ft on the one hand,
who would tnko n vote llioreon, and the entiro mem.
borship of lho Western Coal Operators' Asoeintion
on the othor.
This mny be likened to a truce in which the two
parties hnvo temporarily suspended hostilities with
a view to nn nmicnblc adjustment which, although"
peace, which i» oxpeeted to ensuo, but is not absolutely assured. Consequently it ennnot bo considered "settled."
Thai un hough presumably there was every rea*
hon (hat au amicable adjustment would bo arrived
at, tlio laiiKungo usod by tho IIon| Robt. Rogoro,
Minister of tho Interior, in tho concluding paragraph shows that it was not a closed incident, other-
VikMi (liviu Viuulii have Xwjcu nu rniuu lor liiis: "\i
thoy fail to agrco, nn independent chairman shall
bo called to do so. If tho commlttoo fail to agree
on a chairman, tho Minister of tho Interior shall
bo nskod to appoint ono immediately,'
Owing to the subject matter Mntain-vl in tho
previous portion of tho paragraph, it might bo
Iiitorpt'elud that the remarks above quoted only
had reference to tho determination of questions nf-
feeting new work and differentials, but as theso
aro ft vital part it is a caso of nettling in toto and
not » portion.
Engineers,' tall*' rope
Firemen,.. 0.;''''..,.
Blacksmiths ,'.'.".".'.,
Blacksmith  HetporB
Carpenters .',.'.' .''V;
Carpenter Helpers
Car Repairers'-..'.-'. ...v.. 3.15
Machinist    ..'...'S3.15 to 3.07%
Dumpers ...'.".'... '.  2.62"^
Teamsters ....!. v 2.021/6
'Picking tablo men 2.25 .
Picking table boys 1.25
Cagers '.-.... 2.40
All other outside • labor.. 2.25
Hrs"
12'
'   8
, 10'',
10'
■ 8
io
8
10
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
■' 10
10
10
■ 10
10
10
lu   ,iUf
\\]      Wage's."
"  " 'Outside
...   '. $3.*'40   '
..;-'..'.... 3.407
; ;; 3.40
..'.,'..:...,3.40'
 3.40'.;'.
.'..  ,.'.'.""... 3.40 '
 S:40
 3.40  -'
..; 2.90 1 ■
,...$3:70 &.3.40'1
,.'.'7.,..,.'2.90   '
...   ;.'...'. 3.70
•»•    * 11 • t •  Ot15
2:90
1 * 1«• 1
 ..3.40
.'.   .;.... 2.75
..' 2.90
n       1 t 1 t • •    it% uSj
.t    1.70
,■;■ 2.75 &,3.ib '
(f      •tfiti    At OQ
" Hrs.
mine'
87..'
8", "
8
'8'
8
8   '
8
,8 , °
8<
. 8 '   ,
8
8
8
8   '
8   '
8     7
8'
8   ''
8
8'
8
,., Tho claHBOs of labor again onumorat-
od are only tlioso whlph, nro common
to each of <thOBO Dls'trlctB. Thoro nro
classes of labor po'cullnr to ono District and not to tho.other, and thoro-
for wages In those particular Instances
cannot bo compared, , Tho comparison
taken Is oxtromoly favorablo to this
District, UH there nro classes of labor
In thia District not Bpcclflod hero,
Aviioro lho wngoa nro smaller nnd tlio
hours worked nro: ten, oloven anil
twolvo, , It should bo notod that tlio
Boalo of wngos In tho Lothbridgo DIb-
trlct Is consltlornbly lower thnn tho
ono ellod for thia District, prolmbly
10 por cont Iobh, It Bhould nlno ho
noted that whllo 8 hours In tho working
day th tlio States of Montana nnd
.Wnohlnffton, ton and ovon twolvo
hourB Is tho working day tn this Din-
trlct, outildo of tho mine,
Tho conipnrjdon of contract mining
rntos Ib difficult owing to tho largo
numbor of camps whoro prices nro
fixed nt bo much por yard, InBtoiul of
per ton nn In tlio common prnctloo'
horo. '!
In tho stnto of Montana thoro aro
i.juu> cuiiiijtf wuuro luo contract riuoa
nrr fhed wj iho iuil <jf im} ului-J, I
find thnt the average tonnngo paid
In tlwjuo cnmpB la S3 conts per ton of
2000 lbs., or 1)3 cents tf enlculntod on
tho long ton of 22'40 lbn.    Tn aomo
.(in..., ,,      .  ,
eluded In tho tonnage prlcoi, and]In
two JnatancoB tho rnto Ib for aoroonbd
conl,
In tlio Stato of Washington thoro are
only two cnmp» whoro tho contract
rnto Ib fixed on a tonnnuro bait*. In
thoso two instanced tho tonnago rat*
varies from !)2 ^ntn fo |1.ftU. Th<»
higher mtc Ib paid whoro cap rock in
to bo taken down!'
It Ib Impomlbio to compsro tho con»
trnct rates where thoy aro pnld on ft
yardage ban's, union one If «cqu»lnt-
Inga produced. Further no opportunt.
ty was given to oxamlno tho wltnoBSOB
who had ■ compiled these statements,
had Biioh an opportunity boon given
a different complexion would havo
been plncod on thoso figures.
Tlio oxooodlngly low coat of conl
mining In this district will be a but-
prlflo to many, Poraonally, whon I
nrrlvod In thlo conl mining District
tho low ton rnto paid for dlggorH
was a rovolallo.n to nio, na I bollovo
tt Ib to moat mon who oomo horo. I
could not concolvo how nny mnn could
earn wngon sufficient to maintain a
family In tills part of tho world on tho
ton rato pnld. Why, tho rntoB pnld
horo nro oqunllod and ofton nurpnasod
In old country mining communlUoa,  ,
Thoro la Ono thing In pnrlloular
whloh I wish to draw attention to,
and thnt la tho vicious prlnclplo of
tho difforontlnl in pillars which has
Iteon Instituted horo. I bollovo tho
Itov, "Dr. Ornnt wn» rosponBlblo for
this na; Ohnlrmnn of nn Arbitration
Board In tho dispute between tho
mlno workors and tho IIIHoroat Coal
Co. Thin Ib a principle which la nc-
miowjciiKoii tn no buuo ln tho Amorl-
cua uuleu, not «i«n lu iiunJrtaU or
Wales, but la to somo oxtont practised In Scotland. The far-reaching of-
foet of that decision Is being folt at
thin tlm<v„    Dr, Gordon, a particular
fbm..*! v»r i!«i wuii. iU, KitMil, h'AK W.*li
fit to oxtond that prlnclplo to all
mlnoB In thia District, but I think his
Ignorance of tho Bubjoct was roapon*
Blblo for hlB finding, I fool thnt oven
tho coal operator! will not proas for
a (wnoml application of this prlnclplo.
Now, In comlderatlon of tho prlcoi
(OontlniiMl on pri^n 5)
THt-:*:eANADIAN:: B mm
",:   SIR EDMUND WALI^R; aV.Or, LlI*D.rD.aU,^E8lDENT.,     ^ !
-:[ :- : ', '-,'? *  ALEXANDER!LAIRD, GeiteBAL'MAWAOER ,7     ;!>.       7-:'^
GAPlTAUy$ 10,000,000    .j   ■  ; REST;-   $8,000;0Q0
5  DRAFTSrON FdREIGN COUNTRIES
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of.Coromerce is equipped to issue drafts 'os
the principal cities in th© following countries without delay:' '"" '  • '- •
'   f'-'--       "-^     -  '   "'    "—- '     New^taUad
Norway   - ■-,
Puuu   ...
Penia   '   -..'.'-'" Spain
Pent " '    '      -,   StraitsSettkoMnts.
PhifippbalUburia   SWeJe.;:',   -:
Portural »,.'■■   '-   Switzcdand   -
Koumaaia - - Turkey
RuHia   , Uatted Statu   ' '
Siaa 0./,       ', Wait li&n, ete. -.
of tho country where they aro pay>
f- --
Africa  -■ Crete
•'   Antna. v Cuba
Argentine Republic Dcsuaark *
Australia ,   Egypt
,- Austria-Huoeary,  Faroe Ialaada
.'.■,;. Belgium     ,    ',      Finlaal        '
>. ' Braxil',   ■   ' *"• tj". Fonno«a"«.:-
Buleana .,,. France »   -     '.JaTa  .
,.  Ceyba '     V, Fr'ch Codna Cltina Malta
Grooot
Holtans'
. IceUml.,,
India.
Irdaa4.
Italy,   1    '
Japta' \. 14
Siberia*;'   '
- Soudan -
South Africa
O"1'        ■ .-.Cafpiany . Maadmia
'China    .  -,    "     GrntBritafai      '  Hexio» ,
The amount of these drafts is stated in tho
.able; that is they are drawn in sterling1, francs^ marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,
tads, roubles, etc, as tho case may be.   This eosoms thattke payeo abroad will -■■
receive the actaal amount iatended.    . ^;,   ;.   e   .',"', ;VJ' "    AZU
FERNJE 'BRANCH \     ■   ;.*.   7    j y\    J>V i.'a; 8. DACK, ManagirJ
STOVES! STOVES!
Airtights, Coal  Burners, Coa8
or Wood Burhers^ and
.!*.':',','. '   Wood Burners  "yV
and Cook Stoves
J. M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO        ..
IF YOU WANT THlE BEST
And  Nothing but the Best in Fresh
^    and   Smoked    Meats,"   Fresh    and '""'.'"
"' Smoked Fish, Dairy.Produce, Poultry 7 J
11 ■' ' Etc.^ Etc.; go to;''      •■• ,'.*:'•!*■■■ 7 "     ~3'-'-v
. :;•"   ..   '^  "• •.   --. •'■/     :-y ■•■'' •••':.. ■■.  .,7
THE 41    MARKET   Ca
i ■ y' "     ,    ■"■       ' -     ■• > ^ - ' -
"SAM GRAHAM, Manager.-   ;~    ;    7  , 'v*    PHONE 41 '.
^-M:^mmr,jy:
■*%
■ "V kS ',,;'•'•.''.'.%:.   f'-i.-r5;*   :<
Loans
y-^7v'}t;
■f. '" j- •'»    '-"•»'- -" .:■■-•• '
Money to7 Loan qi^^f^^^iW'
nessand Residential property
'  '"■-■ "    l- (-'■•    ■ ■•■•   - - <-i   7 •    „,   ,v    -   . ;r- \\->
J    3     L
•rJ *
thai
t
chew
'i ■■■■
many
sizes
90c to $3.50
J. D. Quail
T'HB  "Universal"   Food
; Chopper chops all Winds '
*—s—n^ of food' ,<yhether xneat
"^Y ',;"• or vegetables-
raw or cooked
—as coarse
7 .'of.fine as
wanted—
.   rapidly
' >: "ond
Does
away
entirely '
with the
drudgery
olthe
chopping
knife and
bowl,
Buy the genuine "Universal,"
GET ONE
The Comfort Route East
TheGreat
ifi
SMkM Own
STOW C0UCN8 JS'cTS'."^""
P1o»»a rA«or*(!^r|H with  \hf* wnfn l!*ift *i"»i««    y **,t*n» \.t^**. +rit^-
llortht, Individual berth and Mat lights In aloeport nnd coaches.
Yncum clonnod, Kloctrlc llithtod on-time tralnli, tho latost modols
from pilot to tall llghta,
'""— '"""* '   "    '" " " ""   "■"—"■■■—"■■ ■    II   I ■   II  ■!■■  H| KKIIIM-W—.1 |   ,1,1,1.    »^
J, S, THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Pljonc No. 161 P. O. Box 305
i
Ledger Ads Bring Results .--v,
-.- 3J-"'>.r
"-V.i77i,'.
the Ditmioi:iBpqgB,,raRWiE»,b.q„noverdbee^ 1911.
,"""'->■
PAGE   FIVE
I'-
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C'-    *:"-■■;■ "'':Mtm\    .    > ■ . JmWWBmmK  'rnrnM : SsSBs"sssW     " SB%"    -'       "'*-     JH ■   A ■''."'*    .SSsHSs* >'
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■ ,>:
>-
>■
.V¥¥¥¥¥yV¥V¥¥V¥yyv¥v¥Vyy¥yy¥¥¥y¥y¥¥¥¥¥¥^ -
>, '
i
FRESH   MILK
. delivered' to q all
parts of'the town!
>    ',' ->■    "     .7"        '."-   -
Sanders & - Verhaest' Brothers.'
7: '  7 - '7* '7 y J-« '
■ ■& •- "    "" Proprietors '*•■■*
" »■»» + ♦
*'*'■> «N
■M************************
IV, ;'■
J<'
fr-
Si
N CryE-R-y
MACHINE   CO
WM.
Aarent   Fernie .Branch
t
BARTON  >,
>•
>•
>•
>.
£ Pella.it    Ave.    North j,
¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥^r»¥»»¥»»»»¥-¥4¥-¥
kings HOTEL
Bar,;.supplied with/the  best Wines,'
.    v      Liquors and Cigars        "   -
DINING- ROOM IN-CONNEpTIO"^
-, 7-. .a. t..„lyy.'.. ,y. ,y,
,W. MILLSr777  -,
 Prop
I) ■
G-«±e
wr
V7-4iy;
Hotel
W. H. Murr
Prop.
\
Our Letter Box
' '.'-(Continued from page 4)   '
pand.for digging coal in comparison
witn'other Districts,"; and of theIcom-
paratlvely small- day wages that pre^
vail here, is there any wonder that the
mine workers of this District are holding "out so well for better'wagesi- Considering the fact that .no increase in
wagoa has taken, place for ten years,
wlth'the'exceptloni of "a 5 per "cent" in-
creaBSjv.to outside. men. only,, in. 19.07,
the Btand of tho mineworkers is just
and .reasonable. -,'As to'<tbe ^'ability of
the coal companies to-pay the desired
Increase in wages, this Is a question
whlch,needs a little consideration and
explanation. ,'Things are'not always
what- they seem;" is" a truism which
applies^ alBO;!to the present strike. ■
It-would appear to the casual observer that the present dispute Is between
the coal. co'mpanleB^ahdi' the-^ mine-
workers,, but this is, not the actual
position:' 'The*\real .parties tothe dispute are the two great-railread-corpora
tions, the C. P.,Rvnd the,G. N. R., and
the mineworkers.' The coal companies are mere pawns in between. They
have no power to help, themselves
and.are in almost,as, sad a-plight as
the, miners. • ■ The .question'' really Is,
Are the railroad corporations able1 to
pay the Increase" in the cost of, coal,
consequent upon an inorease in miners'
.Wages? I say, yes! And,I'm sure the
coal companies will say yes", and just
so soon a the'railroad people'give their
consent -just so soon, will, the - strike
terminate. '' "   •■ •-        ~r  '
. . .      -" :;-D.rp."
I*'
Passburg
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every ,
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
had got. permission from our: Local,
but when we were asked.to stop we
did'so at once, but-what good it did
,to,stop us I'do not-know; when, I bef
lieve, there are over, seventy working
dally'at Coal Creek,-unless }t is that
we are better union men down here at
Michel than' they are, at 'the' Creek."
But I must use that phrase' I often
hear our foreign brothers "use: "Maybe
yes—maybe no^-Idun'no!" \ •'■" ]
■ Now, will the man" please "let ine
know "who it was informed him I was
scabbing and let's' play the game fair
and square", for'once, as''I mean'to
have my' name cleared from" the dirty
stain and prosecute those'who were
slandering me.'. ' "'.
;j   •   ■       "' !Yours truly,"1 "
>; lNo Scab, only    ■'■>'*   , •
I   , ■■■■'•■•■'   JOSEPH QUAYLB,
*-•'.*■."■- of Michel, B.Q.
';" ' ' ■■' " Bellevue, Oct!' 3()th," 1911.
To the Editor, District Ledger:—
i , .Dear,, S.ir,—Tp^day.^ is ^Thanksgiving
Day "and" services of various kinds are
being' given throughout thej.Dominlon
of Canada, and having a few moments
of, silent deliberation and 'remembering/the date'-iny mind, reverts to this
date in the"year 1910, when the first
explosion at this place'occurred. Huge
clouds of smoke'could be seen coming
from the returns of numbers 45 and
81|; a^d^yerylquicklythis "fcaused niany
of the straw bosses to become exceedingly active In "their efforts tb find out
the'cause of, the trouble".    "Fortunate,
indeed7was it that this occurred on.
. u  -
4.1. 3 __^J_X1. ,* .       « J 31 J .. ~-J.m.~ HHi. j.9 n.,M.
"lUtJ"uayr iuaL^n._uiu—ttO-UlVJDl,—ui.—uui:
boys were on their way to Coleman
for- the (-purpose of. determining who
were to "be'the victors In th^x semifinal football match for the Mutz Cup.
This incident is "one-to cause us.'who
might, have been hurledjnto eternity^
to feel, exceedingly thankful thaFsuch
.a.calamity was averted,, but,forjaome,
it was only'giving them a,slight extension of life, as December 9tb,. six
weel<s * later- thirty-one; specimens - of
vigorous manhood, and concentrated
labor-power wero done to their death
by inhaling carbonsmonoxide created
by tho porcussivo theory,;or a .concus-
slve'theory, according to tho export
evidence of Mr. James Ashworth, and
which ls equally as 'intelligible';" to
many of ub, and would havo been quite
as readily believed had it been attributable to tho rebound of tho Frank
slide', This porcussivo, conclusive, or
nny othor "cusslve" theory, must havo
Inflicted groat damage since the
strike was first called; "as'there havo
been a bunch of wise' mon from tho
Enst working ln it steadily. Tho question comoB to tho mind of'many: Will
thoy go to somo other striking district
whon tho agreement la signed or stay
and help at tho memorial' aorvlco of
our late brothors? Probably It would
bo an exceedingly good plan if arrange
monts could bo mado to havo tho Rov
C„ W. Gordon, who hoi* bo much.'sym-
pnthy for minora, and who would^pro-
bnbly bo ablo to enlist sympathy from
thd public by a reading of tho memorial sorvlco. ' ThlB would Indood'bo a
great Bolacc. to tho .widows and orphans mndo on Docombor Oth. Or
rorhnpu ho might constrain tbo companies with a philanthropic tonrtoncy
to donate, tho 7 conts a ton which
roob Into tholr cofrora causod by tho
chnngo In prlco of working tho nolle-
vuo plllarn,
Yours truly,
HLUBDELL
be laid down, and perhaps, but this is
a matter., of conjecture, it may ultimately develop into a paying concern!
Candidly, I may say that ordinarily
an effusion like that in the "Enterprise" I would have passed by without
notice, but as it is by-no means without^ a purpose of creating-suspicion
in the minds of the men regarding the
actions of their officers, and there are
those, who are' ready to accept the
naked charge as truth when they pass'
the judgment of an imthinking mind.
This is'my only reason for troubling
the columns of the'Ledger with this
letter and think "The Cat out of the
Bag' should have been qualified by the
prefix "pole," as a fellow-feeling mak«s
us,wondrous kind. • • i -■*■-. ,-1
i)Yours, etc.,
-  •"••     ■ ■ ■   ;' •TABERIT2
A Policy
in a Boldlor lo help you fn tho-
bnttlo  of  llfo,    Whon  your
You Feel
Free
You know thnt wdW and stono
may bo destroyed; but a policy
'.n our company Is Indoitruct-
Iblo, Whllo- tho houso Is burning tho policy changes Into
monoy.
M. .   KASTNER
Insurance    Real Estate
Mlchol, n. 0., Oct. 30, 1011
To tho Editor, District Lodger—
, Donr Sir.—Should bo vory much ob*
llgod If you would publish tho fow
following linos In your lssuo'Df Nov,
4th,
About throo wooUb ago a trlond of
mlno had occasion to visit Fernio nnd
Coal Crook, and no soonor had ho sot
foot on Fornlo Dopot than ho was
,,i     m, i    i      i   i      .-(..I-.,   ...I.!.™
(4il.tl.tti     UUHo'.U       Uj        ,.,»..(....       .........i,
blni H ll "P.'nn ^r"*' T wnn tirnbhlntr nt
Michel. Exactly tho name thing Imp.
ponod when ho roachod Coal Crook as
thoy told him word hnd como from
Mlchol to Coal Crook of two Cumbof
i««,i «.r.i «.o-i.in(» f\rtr\ r\f \\}t.rr\ thfl nn
dorslgnodr-Joo Quuyle.. Plouso mako
a note of where wo como from--Cumberland.
Now, for tho Information of nil union,mon I will stato tho two of us woro
Wtlrklnff, biit mind you, only nftor wo
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
^rilliM* French r#ful»toi inttif H**, Tfaeit
i it* tiCMdlnslT DO««rlil to ftff'ittnff Its
ftneftllTBportico«,lthe(etn»le»ytt«n. Kflow
•ll th«»p Imltitloni, Or, ii* ▼••'• *r» mid il
It I b<u, or ihrt* (or Itn. Milt«i M *nr tM***.
Yht ImImII Bror Co., Bl. CMhArlBM. Ont.
For Gale at BUasdsll's Druo «<or«.
: • Taber, Alta., Nov. 1st.-1911
•JTo the"Editor, District Ledger—'.
7 Dear' Sir",—Some unknown friend
sent me a copy of the "Blairmore Enterprise," with headlines 'The Cat .Out
"of the Bag," for which I am very much
obliged. Probably the sender Is one
who has'known my pleasure in reading
ghost stories,' Gullivers Travels, Tales
of Baron Munchausen; also" that lovely
tale of'childhood days about-Ananias,
and must confess that even all'of
these must ..take-a"back seat'in comparison with this brilliant brain effort
of one,'who; while at present basking
lar the sunlight of insignificance in-a
very small community, possesses quail-'
flcations as a writer of. prospectuses
for coal companies or for circus posters that would put Cecil Rhodes and
P.t T. Barnum among the category ofr
dubs.' The lurid write up he gave of
jfche Eureka* Mine would lead one to believe it is" one of the greatest in Canada. ,He' talks of the', treasury box
and of the",dividends as though they
were in the nature of a veritable lamp
of Aladdin, and, from-the good times
the officers of the,district are'supposed to be .getting should be of such a
grand style that a "Pour Hundred"
New York' banquet would look like a
sandwichmen's ordinary lunch in comparison." , ,y ■ .„ 7    l     , •
He states that at the commencement
of the strike this coal company contihu
ed" Ho work. . This has the saving
grace of being quite true, and It might
also  apply,to   every  other mine" in
-1/JDUlCl.-J.O- JU<*U7LUCjr-rjLVIIUWCU-~Il.»—wa-:
ample and. paid the 12% p.c. to all day
men and J5.55 percent forall contract
work.' Not onjy did-this company do
so;but. also the Golden West, the Belly
River Collieries, The Monarch Mine,
Dupont and J. Ashworth mines atrLeth-
brldge, But, of course, it suited this
gentleman of great intellect to conveniently ignore these, but probably his
reason for doing so is that the District
Officers do not own these minesl '
' Regarding the price of coal before
the strike and at the present' time.
The two extremes are so great that
neither of them ls correct.
*Wltir reference te the statement,
that prominent,, officials of the U, M.
W. of A. wero trying to got minors
tb go to work nt the Eureka Mlno,. this
I do not bellevo, becauso as a matter of
fact there are nono wanted,' as there
is no room for more.
' It puzzles mo, and likely ti good
many moro, as to what method of reasoning, providing this ls really used,
tho writer of the brilliant article referred to reached the conclusion thut
tho Dlstrlot Officers aro anxious for
a continuance of the strike, because
bo long as It continues they nre on half
pay, Not only that tho rank and file
o£ tho membership of tho TJ. M. W. of
A. nro tho supreme court on nil questions of importanco, tho officers being
merely tho servants nnd mouthploco of
the mon, and although they havo re*
cently, with a vlow to bringing thlB
long drawn out dispute to a finish, ad-
vlRod tho nccoptanco of Iobb than tho
original demands, It would not sur-
I"rise many, among whom Ib tho writer,
If n,largo adverse voto Is cast whon
tho, proposed agroomont Is submitted
for roforondum,
This wonderful soer of Blairmore
advlBOS mlno workers to nsk tlio question,of tholr offlcorsaR to who goto
tlio bonoflt of tho dlfforonco botweon
tho coal sold nt $2.50 nnd tho conl
thoy uoll nt prosont for jr>,2n.
With, roforonco to tho quostlon of
lllstrlct Officers having sharos In tho
Etirokn Mlno, I bollovo thoro nro two
or threo who havo a fow sharos, but
If thoy hnvo yot obtained enough profit on tholr InvoBtmont to purchaso nn
\ixirr. moal tboy nro Indood lucky.
Even It they had I am at a Jos* to
sec why ll is Anybody'* biiunicfls im
lo w hm. dlsposli'on thoy may mulv'
of tholr monoy, If thoy have any to,
npnro; Six months ngo tho Ktucka
imno was in oxceodinKly bad stiapo,
about four months ago it wan so badly
flooded thnt It required tiro weeks
bt constant. pumping to extract the
wator nnd put tho roads Into workable
eundlUon, slnco which dato they have
bosn producing, so far as T can learn,
about sixty tons of coal a day, with
heavy flouts Involved In tho extraction
both,below nnd above ground,
Prior to this strike thoy. received
frr.mJ3.00 to 13.50 per ton for lump
(onl on tho car, and now tho pilco
\nv ton Is $5.00, which oven at thU
prlco, at rate of production nnd coM
of extraction, It will be some time
boforo any dividends are paid, as thero
Is development work going on, new
shaft to bo completed, a spur,.track to
' ' Fernie, B." C.,' Nov. 2, 1911.
To the, Editor, District Ledger
Dear Sir,—Frcm!time'to"time'I have
seen letters In your paper from men
writers-on various subjects, and", of
.course, as, it is the organ of the Mine
Workers, naturally. their side of the
story is quite frequently, told; 'Now,
with your kind permission I would like
to' say a few. words from a woman's
viewpoint regarding - a, subject which,
although;- you have' quite thoroughly
discanted upon it from the'ordinary
workingman's standpoint,' but little
has been -said regarding that of. the
piddle, class or salaried individual.
The Bishop of London,,according,to
an old country paper which I have
just received, has raised somewhat of
a hornet's nest by his comments upon
the lack ^ of .production noticeable in
middle class families,,and.stating that
they are,falllng^n their duty to the
state because ~ of their evident practice of the, Malthusian doctrine, or
to use the words made'-famous by that
gentleman of large'teeth and big noise,
race suicide. It is so easy for .these
befrocked individuals, who might also
be'termed befuddled, because of their
ignorance, to tell women that they'are
remiss in,.their,duty in the reproductive department •' ' more' especially
when we consider that His Lordship
has stated that the paltry sum of ten
thousand pounds a'year is inadequate
to meet current' expenses!' Yet this'
self same individual complacently un-"
dertakes"'to;-criticise tho action' of
4""K/\ctrt_ 4-r\_T¥rl'»rt*Y!_«ii,i/iW_n,»*_n wl^■*1''*■'^• -Tir/*ii"|*-1_
lul/ovJ^iw^ fTuuui~ouV/u   uit~uiuuuiii,~Tf'julu~
indeed - seem' princely.
- The, members 'of the middle .class
are'being' ground between the upper
and nether millstone, what with the
necessity .of keeping'' up the ragged
edge .of respectability, '.the ,.upward,
tendency of the' c'os'trof living, and
numerous; additional taxes that are
being imposed it Ib Indeed difficult
for a man .and. wife to keep themselv^
en decently without any additional encumbrances ln the way of children...
When they do, because of their love
for their progeny, have one or two
there Ib 'the ever present fear, of what
it> tovbocorae of them, hov they, are
to be educated, clothed and fed," The
same problems confront .them as with
the wago earners, with this additional
.disadvantage that they are devoid of
any moans whereby they can even attempt to Increase their salaries, considering themselves ln tho main of
somowhnt superior clay becauso of
thoir surroundings and education,
Thoi problem as to what is to become,, of tho human race ls by no
means, a perplexing one to tho wago
earner alono, but the mlddlo class haB
Ub troubloB, and probably ono of tho
grentest reasons that obtain for Its
apathy In not studying sociology Is attributable to tho ctisto distinctions,
and although Buffering mental agonies hesitate to tnko a stand with the
wage onrhor, but aro constantly hoping against hopo that by somo lucky
stroke of fortune relief - may come.
Yot thoy hnvo to bo fed by tho platitudes of an unctuous dlvlno wIiobo
championship of a largo mmlly char-
acterlBos him an a .shallow thlnkor,
whon but n superficial InvoBl(Ration
In his own locality should convince
him of tho absurdly of his utterances,
Tho natural woman loves children,
and It Is that very lovo thnt nuikcs
hoc Bubduo tho womanly feeling In
order to proven I. the poBHlblllty of Inflicting dUtroHH upon tho llttlo onoH,
Hoping that you mny soo fit lo reproduce  this, and thnt  Its  perusal
will, porhapn, compel somo or thono
who are laboring under tho delusion
that thoy nro tho bulwark of Bocloty,
with a big "8," to boo tho Imperative
nocoHslty tho proRonl system ImponoH
on them to study tho vnrlous problems common to tlio whole of humanity, rogardlcus of tho superficial dlf-
foroncos existing In the varlouB strata
o/ tho world's fn'iiiu'Unta,
Yours very truly,
MRS. JANE. S.
^•DIRECT fKMFACTOIYTOHlTCHEN^
^^JBllilib.
Save over $25
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♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
'MICHEL NEWS
.As. an. ^illustration of the splendid
treatment,,that ,tho"Company accords
to those generouB workers who allow
themsleves to be gulled by the promises'that "the. petty officials „dangle before their eyes'. ' Two individuals nam-
,ed John and Peter Nobas claim that
they.were promised $3.50 a day if they
would work andTafter they had exerted themselves, forgone shift they,felt
that "'they .were entitled • to' rest, and
upon being paid off were delighted (!)
Qf_fliii_D.flWiirniifl_rafn_nf_t9 471i..o_^av_
and feeling so jubilant they actually-
paid \a'visit' to''the secretary of the
Local; ventilated their grievance, and
actually requested that he take'-up'the
case with the company, and. Insist upon
getting the; difference between . $2.45,
arid'•$3.50.''- Needless torremark that'
the secretary had other matters to attend to.'      ' ' ' ' '
Charles Salrao, who so long posed as
a thoroughbred union man'turns out,to
bo a "four flusher" and hU boon companions are four individuals in government pay who act as escort for this
erstwhllo Italian good fellow (nit). Wo.
learn on1 good'authority that he has
been running with the haro and hunting with tho hounds, o.< as the Italians
say, ho has a two forked tonguo, ono
which talks strong unionism, and tho
oilier lickspittles to tho company. Ho
will probably have reason to remember tho affection shown by Borao merii-
hers of tho opposite box to-day (Thurs-
dny) arid in so doing havo a fit of re-
mor^oNand'docIdo'that hereafter bo will
riot play such a strangd and peculiar
gamo. ' ■
Several good union mon aro looking
forward .to tbo 7th of November, when
thoro is a possibility ot becoming employes of tho D. C. government with
headquarters at Nelson. Wo do not
know to what pnrtlcular department
they will bo attached, but porhaps tt
may bo tho ono whoro blank forms aro
usod. ' Should thoy bo dlsoppolntcd
thoro will bo no "gloom, neither If thoy
are not disappointed will tbo happy
smllo disappear from tholr flapjiick np-
orturo.
A word of friendly advice to Hioho
who aro lomnlng to walk/ don't crawl
nor croop, "
Tho funeral of Mrs, "Robinson, who
has boon nn Inmate of Fornlo llospltnl
for two weeks pnsl wns duo to tnko
pluco at Fornlo to-day. Slio loavoB behind hiiHbnml and ono son for whom
groat sympathy Is folt by tlio Irreparable loBfl they hnvo mintninod.
Aloe McCool, of tho Qront Northern
llatol, lias dlRpoRod of IiIh IntoroHts to
tlio Hlk Vnlloy nrowlng Co, No doubt
the boys will show their appreciation
(o tho now patrons for tho many courtesies extended.
turned to camp again having finished
his contract.in a satisfactory manner.
>' Isaac Daniels, .who has been working
for a prospecting party for the, past
few months, has returned here again.
J. W. Chambers intends leaving big
game alone'In future and'will not go
to the hills any more.
Jim Ryan, ot the.Flathead Trading
Co.,, returned-'*here- on- Monday, last
looking much better after after his vacation." -        •' :
Doctors, store clerks, Bectlori'" men
nor train men were not allowed to have
a vote at .the meeting of the1 Italians
on the proposed agreement on,Sunday
last.' Neither was Chicken-coop Bob,
nor Strawbosses Johnson arid" Brace in
attendance.     »■ - • .
\ W. E.: Bullock and ■ party 'were up
here-this, week looking over their property in the Flathead..     ...      \ ;
Now that there is some signs of a
settlement some of the non-strikers can
be Been leaving here to take' advantage
of what the Union may have gained for
.them In other camps.
. A number of Italans who bave been
working during the strike had a meeting on Sunday last to.discuss a proposed agreemerit which the coal company has offered them. Tliey rejected tho proposod agreement arid decided
to work.on company work. "Nothing
doing. . ,    ' '
, According to latest' reportB. Nat
Evans Is stll looking after his farming
interests In Sask. Tho ladles aro still
makng kindly enquiries about Nat.,
It is reported that Gus Smith'has loft
here to attend the Convention at Frank
to mako a good agreement for the
boys.
ShUohs Gum
CTfiBQ nnnhuc "rc^.s the lungs
OlUrO UUUultO F1UCE. 25 CENTS
HOSMER
By "Krltlk."
NOTES.
, A Thanksgiving Service was held at
the Methodist Church on Sunday even- '
Ing.. There, was a good attendance
and appropriate hymns and solos, etc., *,
helped to make a bright service. The
church was tastefully decorated with
evergreens;' and there was a goodly,
show of various kinds of fruit.   ,     ., i -,
Under the auspices- of the Ladles'
Aid of. the Methodist, Church a very
successful social was held in the Opera'
House on Thanksgiving night;' About '
one hundred persons attended and an
Interesting programme war/presented' "'
and much appreciated.' ■ .
The Grand "March Past of. the Hat
Brigade'   created   much   amusement,-7
and-maujr"of"the~hats~dlBpiayed,'great™i—
skill and originality.     The prize for'
the most coirilcal hat was awarded by,
the    judges    (Dr. May and, Mr ;N.\
Kendall) to Mr. J. Simpson, who car--*'
Tied with the utmost. sang frold an
artistic, headgear, fearfully and won-
derfully-niade.  . Great,lyere the dlmen'
Blons.of this hat, which was composed
of lots of various pieces of paper of '
various colors,'while the notice boldly
displayed,,- "Lots for sale," was certainly quite applicable.  , Many other
pleasing designs, including tho "Re-'
sources of British Columbia,'" "Assocla
tlonB of Hallowe'en,' "Cotton Stato of
Caroline," "Two In Ono," ."Modiclno,'
Hal,' et., etc., etc.
A dramatic sketch entitled /'An Awful Mystery, was rendered in' a most
creditable mnnnor by Miss Kelly, Mrs -
Salt,1'Mr. W. E, Smith nnd Mr. J. Simpson, and tholr portrayal of lho various
characters reflected grat credit on Mr
N. Kendall! under whoso ablo direction
tho play was produced,
Recitations by Mrs, Musgrovo, MIbb ,.
Kelly and Mr, E. Cox, and songB by
Mr, W.' E. Smith and Mr. J. SlmpBon,
wero a!bo pleasing items In tho programme, ' After -refreshments wore
Rorvod tho programme was concluded
with a numbor of gnmoB which tho
young pooplo entered Into with koon
enjoyment,
EXPUL8ION
CORBIN NOTES
tiy Warbler
At a ipoclnl mooting hold Oct. 20th
of Circolo Onernlo Hallnnl xx Bottom-
bre, MS., It wan unanimously docldod
to oxpel P. Arcurl and O. Mustachlo.
Tbis Is to certify thnt It wns ro-
solvcd by the Italian Columbia Federation that Pnaqunlo Arcurl, ago 34,
mid Genuaio Muutuchlo, ago fig, bo expelled as per clauso €0 of tho Constitution of this orfcsnttatlon, and for act-
Ing'as strlko-bronker* i»t Coal Crook.
FRANK 8ANTONF, Prost.
C. CRI8AFIO.
Mr. Evan Williams left horo on Monday Inst on a business trip to Fornlo
and Michel,
Don Cato, tho flro warden, visited
Corbln on Monday last,
Mr. Harry Clayton, of Cranbrook,
loft here o nSaturtlny last after spending a two week's vacation with frlonds.
Some'of the now official* iwm to be
woll supplied with stimulants and rig-
nr« by tho ffpn^roiio worker*.
Clark's Moving Pictures wero hero
on Saturday and Sunday last and a
good show was given each night,
Mr. R. D. Williams, of tho Spokane
Diamond Drill Contracting Co., has ro-
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
On Monday Mr, .loo Blno and Laura
M.'itluou wore joined together In holy
matrimony Hov. Father O'Nell officiated and lho young couple has Bottled down to tho woitIoh nnd euros of
murrled llfo,
A fnrowoll danco wait hi von nt the.
moHH limine on Thursday nlitht In
honor of Mr! Drunimond, who loiivos
HoHinor In a lew duys to linpiovo liln
portion In n now field of labor,
MIhr JohrIo Mills enmo from Loth-
brrigo to upend TliiinkNgivIng with liar
parents,
MrH. Digby, of Fornlo, Ih vlRlllng her
daughter, Mrs. A. Mnthloson.
Mr and Mrs. Keoloy, Mr and Mrn.
Fuller nnd Mis Mnrlatt attended tlm
ball given by tlio bachelors of Fernio
ou Tliurstlny night of Inst wook.
On Wednesday morning, ut "i o'clock,
tho Infant sum of Mr and Mrs. Jack
Qrant passed away after nn IIIiiohk of
n fow flnvo, thn fnn*»rvtl tnrtk o\nni> nt
3 o'clock on Thursday ami tho parents
bave the sympathy of all.
Miss Alma Anderson left her homo
In Toronto on TliuiMdny after spending about 15 mentliH with hor ulster,
Mrs, A. H. Campbell.
Mr. Percy Wnr Is visiting In town
this week.
The head of a donr killed by Mr,
Stowo Is on exhibition In tho store
window of V, Hums nnd Co.
Mr. Sandy Colombo was mnrrted nt
hla home on Monday, his bride having arrived from Italy on Saturday,
Thii Luill*;*' Aid ut Utu I'rfctthylurltin
Church mot nt tho houso of Mrs, A.
Msthleson on Thursday.
Tho Ladles' Aid of tho Methodist
Church met nt tho houso of Mrs. Salt
on Wednesday.
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoi» Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coftee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazclwood Buttermilk
«HPMHWKHPWIWaH«IRnpn^MSMMIHMWM«M
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.      Phone 34 t  7
11  A'
y-
t 'v
1 V
Iff - *
(.» ",
If""-1
I j
It
v-
ii --
1;)  ,
£>--;
■, '  ,vfUy7^y>v'.J:'yp7p; ^ '77>;v;^y;7_'- 7y. 7;7y /y.->7^y.;^
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDWBB, "FERNIE, B. C, NOVEMBER 4,1911f
11
■ c
Leaders of Progress arid Reaction
in Recent Revolt
. twvvvvvvyww^****** »¥¥»¥■
*¥¥»¥¥¥¥»AMMMHM
To the democracy of all lands tbe
great Chinese rebellion conveys a far
deeper significance than the mere over
throw of a corrupt and effete dynasty.
For China the success of the-movement' means release   from   barbaric
despotism, for,the world a mighty impetus to the spirit of liberty and progress.' "■ In a land steeped iri the tradition of immemorial time, where the
Emperor is regarded as a being more;
nearly akin to the gods' than to irieri,
where everything pertaining   to   the
royal house is looked upon as holy,
where innovation was, until a decade
ago, anathema, it is little short of a
miracle to  discover a prevalence of
Democratic Ideals as widely dipsemin-
, ated and as far advanced as in the
most progressive country in the world.
But apparently   to    those who have
watched   tbe  recent  inner  workings
of China, there is nothing wholy surprising in tbe present crisis.   . Democratic development has been gradually
manifesting itself in China for years
past, and the spirit of freedom, onco
it gains a foothold, is too strong to be
impeded for any length of time by the
barrier of medinev.il corruption and incompetency.
The Causes'of Unrest -
That the revolution is not so much
directed    against   the   actual ruling
house as against the theocratic principle from which it draws its power
may be gathered from the fact that
,the Emperor is but a child of six years
of age.     He,, at any rate, cannot be
blamed for the abuses   which"  have
pressed, so heavily - on    tlie fresher
minds of'the nation.     The attack is
directed against the system which has
been unable to rid itself of. some of
the greatest blots which can mar the
history of any'nation.     The mal-ad-
■ ministration of justice, and the awful
.state of prisons, the employment" of
eunuchs, the sanction'of'domestic sla1
very, and the almost universal prevalence of foot-binding are but a few of
tbe things which the existing form  of'
government has been unable to eradicate in conformity with the prevailing
".trend of modern civilization.
■ But beside this negative aspect of
- the revolutiontion, there is a. positive
one which is of even greater significance.     The establishment of .provincial assemblies, and the election of the
' Constitutional Assembly of the Empire
—Home Rule we would call, it—has
■ given the Democracy of China, some
conception of its power, and some idea
—of~it"s~possibiiitiesl   TJrT"G~Er_^lorfi-
' son, the famous Pekin'war correspon-
traceable, to Western Democracy.
Some of the impetus may have„been
gathered from the example of Japan,'
but even here the assimilation of Western ideals has been' so characteristic
of the awakening that the new Japan
is in many respects merely a-modification of one of the' Democratic nations of the West. It is tlie evidences
of the material benefits of Western
Democratic ideals that has stirred
China from the basis of her government, be the present' revolution successful or be it held in check for a
few more years to come."   '  ■
The Leader of the Revolt
Tlio central figure of tho revolution
is Dr: Sun Yat Senf whose masterful
handling of, tho situation bears out the
high impression that his qualities conveyed to the many Englishmen with
whom he has como in contact.    He is
the only survivor of the original eighteen revolutionaries who promoted tho
modernizing of tho Chinese Government.    Those who have met him describe him as a charming and highly-
cultured gentleman.     He is modest
and extremely reserved, and gives neither in his appearance noW.his speech'
the impression of a leader of men.   ■
His influence is not due to personal
magnetism nor high oratorical power,
but to his strong commonsense and his
unbounded patriotism.     He believes
in Chinese Democracy and Chinese Democracy-believes in him.   The injustice and oppression of China is his
moving force.    Tbe law he regards as
a farce.     Justice is bought and sold.
Corruption and oppression are almost
unbearable.     If a business'man introduces improved machinery all the bene
fit 'to be derived from that machinery
is immediately taken away from him
either'by the Government or by corrupt officials.     Dr. Sun .Yat Sen is
convinced of the success of the revolution.    His object is not to replace the
present dynasty by another one.  ■ Dynasty has followed"dynasty.     Yet corruption and oppression have remained.
He is determined to change the form
of_ Government and to introduce a Republic.   He holds that the Chinese are
so highly-educated, so law-abiding, 59
easily led, and so much given to' cooperation that there would be no difficulty in establishing a Republic. His
ideal is a form of Government similar'
to that of-the United States.     There
are to be representative chambers for
every one of tho Chinese provinces,
with a. central"! chamber representing
the-whole-emptrer—*-*—-^ 1* '—'
Will his ideals be realized?'    Can
Another story relates, that in the',
same province there was a Roman Catholic Archbishop and-Tsen was considerably irritated by discovering that
all his plans and ideas quickly became
known to the reverend gentleman, y
Looking around,' he thought he was
not far wrong in guessing that the sec-
rvlary of his lieutenant was the informer.'    Approaching the latter/he.
suggested'that .the secretary was look,
ing'rather ill, end perhaps it would
be* better if he went away for a change.
The lieutenant, all unsuspecting, was
inclined to disagree, and thought the
secretary looked rather well.',   Said
Tsen, "I think he looks quite ill.   I'm
afraid he's going to die." and^ there"
tlio matter' rested for a while.     But
one night Tsen could not sleep.    The
wily old archbishop' had "got the better of.him again, and so he left bis
bed,'called some members of his retinue, and went down to his lieutenant's houso.'   The, poor secretary was
awakened, and decapitated almost before ho had ceased rubbing his eyes.
Then Tsen went home* and slept.
Tsen's wife and sou both committed
suicide as a result of his ferocity.' "
tacular explosion will take place, before the." president. The rest of the
morning will be given over tb friendly
competition between expert rescue
teams, from the principal coal mines
of the "country and a parade of miners
which will pass in review before the
President.     ', ' . ""   , ' '
The tests and( demonstrations are
the result,of many years.' of experiment by-the government's crops- of
experts and'it is believed -vyill effect a
great- saying- of life. throughout „ the
United -States.' "The' government's
statistics show" that thirty thousand
miners were7killed, within , the 'past
years, .thayseventy-five"'.- thousand
were injured, and that mine explosions
and' accidents have thrown 7 over . eleven -thousand ' widows _and thirty
thousand" fatherless , children -> upon
char'ty. It is to rescue these casualties' that, the government and the
mine workers and owners are co-operating.    -'-'     ,-      '    .        -.7'    '    ,
The parade, of riiiners, after -being
.reviewed by the President, will march
to a special pier where they will witness the marine parade in honor of the
centenary of the beginning of steam
navigation on- the Ohio River. ■'" ,The
miners' demonstration .will conclude
at noon and the remainder of the'day
will be taken up" with the river e'en-
tennial."- ' ,  .,
BRITISH RAILWAY MEN       -
BITTERLY ANGRY
Refuse to Accept.Findings-of Special
Commission and Instruct Officials':
. LONDON, Oct.'22. --.Railwaymeri
held meetings'In many places'through
out Great Britain today at which there
were passed resolutions repudiating
the report of "■ the Railway , Commis-.
slon;'v _      -    '     ,'.' 7;7' ; 7 . .y/
References to' the report were' punctuated with angry and derisive shouts,-
Secretary Williams, - of the .Amalgamated Society of -Railway - Servants,
addressing the; men at Sheffield, said,
that the report embodied some small
improvements; but that it was an absolute disgrace -to- suggest that the
men continue under present conditions
until July, 1912.    .
A resolution passed refused to accept the* commission's findings,   and
asked- that the executives of the7varl->
ous unions immediately "convene a na-,
tional conference to, frame better con:
ditloris .for -employment, and to sub-;
mit, the plan forthwith to the'irailway
companies-for adoption," ,"' ',* '-
" When the commission was appointed
in August the. Board of .Trade nn-
nounced-that both-parties had promised to accept the findings.-"'. Several
leaders now say that neither the men
nor the, executive were ■ consulted.
that' acceptance was not pledged, there
to, and that they will not, recognize
such an,obligation. >   •   "/  ,7  '  ; ""
JOHN  BARBER) D.D.g;; L D S.,V ' *'
.    DENTIST -tt"
Office:' Henderson Bloc*-', Fernje  b.q,
■' / Hours: 8.30-te ,1;"2 to-5/'" -•/'■'
\i * """ '""* ""    *;      ^ * 1    ' ^
•' ■ Residence:, 21, .Victoria Avenue.
'A
W: R. Ross K. C. %        '•"',  \tft Si i^an^s
M.'A. Macdonaid,, >      *
'     >' .       -'     \ *■•'    ','.'-.    7
ROSS,, MACDONALD ...and  LANE """
, "        "'"    y . :   '       ' >
Fernie, B. C.   '
Canada.
Democratized China   „   •   <
The; success or failure of the Revolution to establish a Republic is yet
in tlie balance, but the outstanding
fact in the situation is that the Democratizing of China cannot be delayed.
Dr. "Morrison, who knows China probably better'than any other European
after years of intimate study, lias come
to this-conclusion, and.no. better expression of the effect of the awakening can. be found than" in - his  own
words:   "The Westernization of,this
great, people  cannot  but  affect the
whole world.     It will,-1 believe, affect it for good.     New China comes,
not as" a menace to the West, but as*
a peaceful participator in the world
progress.'    When Japan set out' to recast her institutions she found in England an adviser and a friend.   When
Siam determined to abolish her Oriental methods   of   administration,   she
found her chief encouragement,in the
support'of,England.     To-day it is the
turn of China.'"'In these critical years
of, national -new; birth she needs and
seeks our sympathy, support and aid.
I am confidentfthat she will not look
to us in .vain."—J. F. Angus, in Reynolds'. -
Official Ballot
Election of Officers
Dist. No. 18.
For President
Vote for One
POWELL,   W.   B.
SMITH, J.   E.
Coleman,'
Fernie
n
The great coal strike in the United
Kingdom. the^prbbabiUty.of which was
mentioned,in this-papervseveral weeks
ago, is drawing nearer^ every, day.   A
cable from London says-that "the possibility of a- national strike of miners
m.the near future bangs * like a cloud
over the market, and'this possibility-
was, by no means lessened by the failure of a conference of masters arid
men held a few, days ago, to' arrive at
an agreement."     Fully 500,000 men
will be,, involved when the1 word  Is
given to strike.     While the riiiners
have,put. forth as their main,issue a
demand for extra pay-for'those era-
ployed^ in ."abnormal places,"  meaning where work is dangeroiis'and difficult, they really aim to secure-a gene-,
ral, and large-sized , raise iri wages.
,  The bosses ■ know that and  conse-;
quently oppose-every step. attempted
by. the miners, declaring that every
concession they make will be followed
by' demands for still more.     If the
national, strike;is ordered Great Britain wiiU.face another'industrial* and
political .crisis. ^   The miners will attempt to paralyze,business conditions"'
and force the .employes to yield or
compe ithe government to step in and
wrest concessions'' from' the operators
in the same manner that the haughty
railway^ barons were forced to meet
and treat with their'employe's,'in.the
great1 strike of transportation workers
several months'ago.' -  The'workers ot
Great Britain have'learned'their'political as well  as industrial power.—
Cleveland-Citizen.   . ■ :
"---.     . -,'L: P., ECKST^|N7    ,7 '' - ,,
' >A ' .,    ' T ' ill.        l' * J
" *   Barrister-at-LaW, Solicitor, 7 ''
ECKSTEIN  BUILDINGS- 'Fernie, .B.C;"
•■'-!.
F. C. Lawe
,7      -Alex. l.Fisher^
LAWE & FISK|ER-     "';•.'
"' ATTORNEYS \ '-'    .
,...0 •« ~,
\ Fernie,'B. C '"'.    - '■
L.
H.    PUTNam    \
j •■■■•.   '        ■    -   ■ ,- ...-    ,
Barrister, SolicltorI'Notary pUb|ic, etc.
dent of the 'Times," than'whom there,
is no more sympathetic nor outspoken
friend of tho Chinese people, has admirably summarized the result of the
new spirit in the nation.
'T am confident' he says, "that the
coming of constitutional government
will make for administrative reform.
Corruption cannot contlnuo unchecked
when exposed to the light of publicity.,
No record kept, no accounts presented
—that-happy stato must cease in the
presence of public inquiry and condom-
nation. Tho growth of the popular
Press—in itself one of tho most remarkable signs of"tho new movement
—is already having its effect. So
rapidly has the Pross gained influence
that tho officials' have sought by purchase to throttle and control tho freo
expression of public opinion. This,
howevor, Is ono stage of development
from which tho Press may bo'expected
lo omoi'go. When tho Constitutional
Assembly gets to work It will want to
know many things, It will demand
information. Publicity for wrong-doing and an aroused public opinion will
bo tho best weapons for fighting cor-
ruption. Already thoro has boon nn
Improvement In public administration."
To tho coming of tho railways Dr.
Morrison attributes much of llio rapidity of tho growth of tho now uplrll. of
progress.
' The wholo movement Is llniH directly
MINE-EXPLOSION IS
ARRANGED.FOR  BALL
FIELD AT PITTSBURG
FOR HOUSEHOLD ACCIDENTS
Zam-Bulc Is so Vory Usoful
Soail how bonofldalit provod In
this Oaao.
Mrs. H, Sawyer, of Kocno, Ont,,
wrlton:--"My husband In Piigagcd on a
farm, and ono <ky, whllo nhoppinit
wood, tlio top of llio axo broke and
nfoll upon his foot, cutting a nasty
Bank. Tlio wound v/nii ho bad that wo
first tlnught wo would havo to get a
doctor, but wn Ilnolly docldcd to dress
tho cut with Kam-Muk,
"Woll, tho /.iiiii-Uuk trmitmont proved
ft great succcw. It not only cased tho
pain, but It provflntod any liillaumm-
tion; and rluht from flrnt applying
Kamlluk, llio cut hugftii to Ucal, It
in now coinplotnly iK.ulcd, mid tny Iiuh-
Imnd nays bn will never bo without a
box of Zam-Duk In tho houso,'for wo
urn mirn It  mvf»1  n"  n  rtyn'yi   <tr\i\ of
fJCpftllBO." "
Ovui-,*iiut uvcr aiSiU'u /J.un-ilu'i nun
liri'ii proved to bn the worker's bout
romoily. As soon an applied to a cut,
a burn, a scali, or any akin Injury,
it rellovca tjio pain nnd it not* up
IlicftllUn'.   It ftliM prevents blood-poison
j1)h    J'     i.Hi.V.iilii.iuui],      11.   Ito   i\   hiKC
cure, too, for omnia, piles, ulcers, old
wounds, bail log, ringworm, scalp
;,ooreB, les'.-ring, running sores,' eruptions, rnld Morrn, chapped hands, etc.
Its absolute purity, ftl.-io, mnices It tho
Ideal balm, for babies.
Zam*link Foop should bo used ab>n«
wlib tho balm for washing nil soro
places. TIiIh nonp will bo found excel-
Wit \'<r bibyV I1.1M1, cv'n where.the
lmlrii la not be'n;,' lined.
All druggists nnd stored wM Zanv
link at r.oe. i,nx, nmi Znm-Huk Rmp at
Sflr, tablet, or pnet free from Zum-
link Co., Toronto, upon rerr-ipt of
price. Ktfuio harmful BubetlluUe.
such a fundamental change from absolute despotism to'pure Democracy be
the work of one man or the outcome of
scarcely twenty years of agitation?
China's "Strong Man." ,' '
All the reformers in China are not
on the side of ,the revolution. Yuan-
shi-Kai, who has been recalled as Viceroy to suppress the rebellion,- is in
favor of reform and it is an open question whether his sympathies,are not
more with the revolutionaries than
with'the present regime, He Is generally reforred to as China's .strong
man, and when Viceroy of Chi-ll during the Boxer rebellion ho kept his
province in hand ln a masterly manner.
Yuan-shi-Kai, who ls fifty-two years
old, is a man who is destined to achieve in China what has boon accomplished in Japan, provided ho is given
the opportunity.    A man of far-seeing
views,  ho  had  already given  many
evidences of his reforming zeal when
his career was cut short,     LI Hung
Chang died In 1001, nnd Yuan-shi-Knl,
who was selected to Biicccod him, gavo
full rein to bis reforming zoal.    Military affairs, sanitation, tho customs
service prison administration, all felt
tho offeots of his resistless onorgy.
Tn his celebrated memorial of September 2, lilOfi, Yuan-shl-ICul urged lho Im-
modlato abolition   of' lho antiquated
system of literary examination, nnd his
sympnlhy wllh tho anil-opium criisado
nnd the movement for the abolition of
foot-binding showed his doslro to em-
nnelpato China from    lho   trnmiuelH
which havo hindered hor progress, no-1
dally and nationally, for thousands of
yonrs.
A Violent Reactionary
On tho reactionary sldo both In
Idenls mid inelliodH, Thou Chun ITsiuin,
who lias boon hoiiI, to deal wllh tlio rebellion In fl/ocliiian, Is probably tlio
contral figure, Ho Is an autocrat of
ftiitocmlH, whoso solo remedy Ih tlio
quelling of Insurrection Is cutting off
henilH,
Ho made IiIh reputation In crushing
lho Kwang-sJil rebellion In llino. Incendiarism nnd looting floiirlHhi'd in a
province to which ho was iippnlntml In
IiIh younger dityH, find lio Ihhik'mI a pro-
(.■laiiiallon warning the cIIIzi'iib that
nnybody ciu'ight Indulging in either
would  bo tixocutod.     Tlio   populace
tint')     'ati'MIUli    tit    till)    piOCtiUllUUOIl—
I he Initial Kttort of "a new broom";
bul one night n fire occurred nt rt big
store, and Tbimi In unofficial dr«ns and
with only 11 couple of soldlei'H went
uu.iii h» mii! ii ibt> Jirt) iii'ignoii ,wiih
working efficiently." "fly-ond-by a man
came hurrying pnHt with bis nrma full
of bnniH. "Why don't you go down
ainl gf.-t somo?' be cried, "thorn aro
plenty about." || "Oh!" replied lho VI-
rornv. "YVs, ho quirk or you'll b'1 too
Into!" said the looter. At a sign from
tbo Vinroy h* van rslr.«<l by one soldier, forced lo kneel, and the other
Immediately liohendod blm. Ills head
wan placed In ft basket, and bung on n
polo In tbe middle of the town, n snlti*
tnry warning lo all wrong-doers.
For Vice President
stubbs,,;6lem
Bellevue
Fbr Secretary-Treasurer
Pres. Taft Will Witness Affair, which
: Will. Demonstrate Dangers Aris--
ing from Coal Dust
For International Board Member
v '.■"'■ 1. -      ' y
'.'•'.  -V; Vote for One'   -        ' y ,.,y.
PITTSBURG, Oct. 27.—Preliminary
tests for the mine explosions and rescue work that are to be held here on
Oct. 30 and. 31, before President Taft,
Secretary, of tbo Interior, Walter L.
Fisher, Governor Terier, of Pennsyl-.
vania, and 30,000 miners, mine owners,
and mine superintendents' took place
today, under the direction of H. II.
Wilson, englneer-ln-chlof of tho fed-
oral Bureau of Mines. Mr, Wilson
announced that his arrangements wore
in every ,way. satisfactory, and that
tho two days' demonstration would
provide an ovon more,graphic exposition of the cause of mlno oxploslons
than first reports warranted,
The big feature of tho program will
bo lho oxploslon ot, a coal mlno on
Forbes Flold, tho Pittsburg baseball
park, Oct. 31, before the President and
miners. Tho object of tho explosion
Is to demonstrate to mlno operators
that coal dust is highly combustible,
and Is lo blamo for somo of tho groat
ost mlno disasters thnt havo taken
place in yonrs. A steel gallery will
bo Bet up In tho park, coal dust will
bo placed within and the chai'go fired
from tho outside by moans of oloctrl-
city.
After lho oxploslon (rained corps of
reseiio men will ontor the fumes, with
apparatus tested by tho federal bu-
iciiii ol', mines and bring out the supposed victims of tho disaster, giving 11
demonstration of resuscitation, Tlio
fact that tlio demonstration Ih lo bo
held under thri auspices of tho Fed-
era] lluronn of MIiioh, the Pittsburg
Conl Oporatorfl' AsHOclntlon, the
American Hod Ciobs and the United
Mine Workei'B of Amorica, aHstires n
docp Interest In tlio test, and will probably do much to revising lho roocuo
methods In tlio real mines of tho
United Stntos.      "
The explosion of coal dimt. In Forbes
Flold 011 Tuesday will bo preceded by
a day devoted to tho Interests of coal
mining. Hs object will bo to teach
greater safety In mining. Tlio first
tests will bo. bold nt tlio experiment
Blatton of the Hurcau of Mlnon. There
will bo tostB of mine unfnfv lamps In
gas, and the danger of electric sparks
m gas and coal dimt will also bo
shown In 011a of (ho galleries,
A clftsu of miners will bo trained In
tlio use of tho oxygon helmet, which
ltormllw breathing In polnnnouH gaww
lor 11 porlon "1 im'o Jidiii'h.
In lho afternoon, the operators, ori-
gliieerw rind superintendents will wit-
noun nr| nclual mlno explosion In the
experimental mlno of tho bureau at
nnicoton. I*a., twelve miles from
PfCshiirg. ITore th" dangers of coal
dust nnd black powder, an explosive
the bureau strongly udvhut ukuIuhI,
will bo tested, tlio bureau's experts
carrying out all tho bad profilers
which Ihoy liellevo lend to mlno ox-
plosions.
On 1bc» morning ot Oct. 31, tbo *poc-
EVANS,   ROBT.
GRAHAM, WM.
HARRIES,   T.„ J.
JONES,   J.   6.
McNAB,   D.
REES,  D,
TUPPER,   J.  A,
Franly
Coleman
Michel
Hillcrest
Lethbridge
Pernio
Hosmer
The 7
Original
and
Only
Genuine
□
D
□
Beware of
Imitations <
Sold on the
Merits of"
Minard's,
Liniment
For District Board Member,
SUB-DISTRIOT  No. 1
GRAY,  J,  W.
Pernio
□
SUB-DISTRIOT No, 2
Voto for Ono
OARRUTHERS, W.
OHRISTIE, E.
HVSLOP,  D.  E.
Prank
B6H0VU0
Goldman
a
a
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
SUB-DISTRIOT No,
Voto for Ono
BROWN,  E.
MOORE, L.
Tabor
lothbridgo
□
□
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Essfit
SUB-DISTRIOT No. 4
LEES,   Wm.
Bankhoad
a
R nvs.1
*****      ta**     '<«W tf "«**#   *•*
Hotel
Stanley St.  -  Nelson
*■,(hmw^ *<   ■■■■■■■—t«— ■»—■■*— •>•»~-"~- •,.».*■..-..-„«■
/
Beit Family and Working man's
Hotel In City; nicely furnlihed
roome with Bath. Bade, 80c.
each, meale, 30o,
A Union House
Prop, J. 3, OAR RATT
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CQ,
A. McDougall, JigP  v7 •
Manufacturers of and Deal-
3      ...
ers in all kinds of Rough
,_     i \. """7       1   i
and Dressed Liunj^p'.
; >1
7j
SeM'us your orieps
kw&
Wffi
FRRNI1>
Bar Unexcelled
Ail White, Help
Everything
Up-to-date,
Gall in and
see. us once
JOHN, PODBJELANOIK,'prop.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Purnlslili
l>"ff«
BAKER  AV^nuE
BRANCH, AT HOS"\jER(  BCi
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lliard Local Qeneral Teiumter„ N<))
141. Meet, ovory Fr|llay n,gllt nt
S p. m, Miners' Uiil0n j.Inn w.
A WortliliiKtoii, IVOBidonti ^ j[
Good, Secretary. \   ■
niul<lhfl«inrt«yiint.a.!|o,^0gj"d
tnry J. A. Uouplll, m^nSA
Gladstone Local No, 8314 11  M w a
Moots 2nd and 4th Th,^^1;.'^'^
Union hull.     i\ Unn« « ,
Typooraphlcal Union No, m, Mootg
last SAturdoy In each month at tlio
I^ilgor Office.    A. J, niwk,     a
Looal Fernie No, 17 8. P, of c «..,„
In Minors Union Hull %Vo %; J "
at 7,45 p.n>. Everybody vi|M«i D
Paton, Becrotary-Tronsuror ''
Joiners^—Ijftcal 1220.    v*  » pur,„.
Prcaldent; P. H. Rh^', Sccr^'ry"
;i -.1 ■      ~ '*."•;
•ll    .
•».,~A
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., NOVEMBERS, 1911
The Weefy Is News for ;Z l y y ■
sOUr Foreign Brothers
I
©EAUTES DU,REGIME
'■'-'   ir''-".'     -7:      CAPITALISTE
|ks ,.
'^11 y,a qiielque''jours, on envoyait
7de New.'York la stupeliante nouvelle
>-guivante:-. -~   7,,   ■".".'   '''".''    7-,'V..
' "Les Etats de Geprgie'et de la Caroline du Sud ;sont ebus le coup d'lme
prof onde. emotion a la suite de ia.de>
'.. couverte d'un c'bmplot financier, dont
■ le but n'elaltrlenmolns que la destruction complete d© la prochaine recol
te de cotori. dans' ces deux Etats.   Deux
" ispficulateurs crimlnela avalent achete*
un million, de 'Boll weevils', (insectes
destructours du cotonnler), qu'ils se
proposalent de falre repandre sur tout-
«s les plantations dela Georgia et de
, la Carnitine due Sud, de facon a anean-
tlr la recolte.    De la sorte, ayant au
pr6alable acheW d'lmiportants   stocks
jde.coton.'lls auralent pu les .ecouler
-avecun benefice considerable aussl-
^ot connue la destruction de la recolte.
. Si ,ce n'eBt.pas la du sabotage crlml-
nel, Vest que. nous ne comprenons
plus rienl-
."-'•>'>       **.»>*'
7 Un journal capitallste do Roubalx
nous apprend que cette ville fait an>-
„ nuellementun milliard d'affaires; ceci
■est tres beau, en-verit<5; mals 11 y a
une ombre au tableau, c'est que Rou-.
"baix renferme un proletariat de plus en1
plus miserable.     La, preuve en .est
• fburniepar'le nombre de plus-en plus
grand des personnes seeoiirues fiar le'
'. bureau de blenfaisance, d'une part, et
\par les "soixante- douze greves"que
; les ouyrlers ont du faire en 1910, pour
.„falre' respecter leur droit a ^'existence.   . ..'!'''''
7 UN MILLIARD D'AFFAIRES ' PAR
AN d'un cote> et une classe ouvriere
. ■de plus enplus pa"uvre,*voila"bien.la
caractSristlque du regime capitaliste.
.', Cela explique aussi pourquoi Rou-
;baix est si-socialist*! et si syndicaliste.
Un grand de"sastre accable a nouveau
la population Francaise.    Le 25 sep-,
,  tembre, le monde entler apprenait avec
■ -consternation que le vaisseau "La Lib-
;ert6" .un des".dernlers  monstres  de
guerre, .avalt fait .explosion en'rade de
/.Toulon, causaht-la niort de p'res de
." 500 personnes. ■'.. '. '7 y •■,' . •
; ; ""Apres l'lena, le Lutin;;le Farf'adct,
yie_PlUVlORe;_vnlf;lL-^TJ['.--T.lhnrt4!yqu!
.-.snute emportarit-dans lene"ant. les en-
fants du peuple, victimes dira-t-ondu
devoir patriotique, mais plongeant dans
.le'deuildes centaines de families.
_'   Quand doc, cesaera'1 cotte folie do's
armements, cette course folie effrdnee
:- dans l'art do' mleux ddlrurlre son pro-
7chaln?   . ,, •   '   .
- '■   Quand done cessera cette' spccula-
''■;tion hontouso, qui est de confler a des
" financiers, constructours.de navires et
autres eriglns do mort, le .droit do,sa-
j bdtor-la valour des niatlores a employ-
■ or dans lours travaux?
'   Ah! BenutoVdu regime capitallste,
„ qui offrent en holocnuste dos contain-
;• os do "vies, pour la-cupldlto doquol-
ques mlsdrnbles. aglotours. ! Repro-
.dult do l'Emnnclpatlon.—L'Unlon dos'
Travaillours,      ' ~   " ■'*  - ■
abbiamo.'datb prova di soliedarieta con
i, eomp'agni di lotta solo la .societa di
Emanuele Filiberto in seduta ordinaria
deliberava'che i suoi soci -potevano
benissimo andare al lavoro.-.    \ " -
Infrangento ni modo piu cinico la
costituzibne dejile Societa unite Colom-
biane.- E. vol signior Presidente \e
questoJl 'modb di fare rispettare la vos-
traautorita e nel'medesimb tempo la
costuzione della Federazione?.   .
Ml'merayiglio dl questl azionl che
desonorano 11 nome Itallano so qual-
chuno dei confratelll deslderano avere
I noml del- sopra detti Krumirl ml
scrlvesse personalmente.
• ' LUIGI CAPPELLO.
Michel, B.C., Box'50.'
SOCIALISM AT A BY-ELECTION
' The Anti-Socialist Union of Great
Britain has begun an active campaign
in the Keighley..' dvlslon of Yorkshire,
where Mr. W. C. Anderson Is standing
as Socialist candidate against Mr. M.
W.Acworth (U.),.and Mr.S. O. Buck-
master (R)., . ' -v ;
A .special  band, of-working  men
peakers has been sent down from London, and they will hold dinner-hour
and evening meetings at the street
corners and ln the factories. •, Women
workers, will accompany the party and
will assist, in the distribution of anti:
Socialist literature.        " .     - ■   \
The Union will also have the-assistance of students who have passed:
through its schools in the north. A
committee room- will-.be opened to-day.
—Daily Express, London, y 7 y
• (Ed.—Pretty healthy, sign when they
all get busy like this.' ', Evidently Socialism has got to be "combated."1 The
more opposition, the more discussion;
thus, moro education;) '"-,'■'
THE FIRE LAST FRIDAY NIGHT
On Friday night about '8 o'clock the
alarm was turned in from box; No., 17
but , upon, endeayoring^ to ascertain
what was In flames discovered it was
merely, a practice run, which had been
found necessary consequent-upon'the
scarcity of fires'this..year, ..that the
only way the brigade could be given
exercise was by trial runs.
We hope that this may long continue
and that the onlyv alarms turned in
will,be"'for the purpose of "preventing
the horses getting too" fat. ,■   /-;.,-
*•♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦'♦
♦7     * . '-   .7v7'-.   '•■-  ♦
^ WAARSCHUW1NG /      , ♦
♦ ,y . _    /., 7 "<y+
♦ - -' Alle     steenkoolx * mijners   ♦
♦ /worden-verzocht weg .te-bllj-   ♦
•^   yen'van Alberta en  Eastern /♦
♦ "British .Columbia, "daar .,de".;7
♦ .''werkstaking  mog n'let is.'op. ♦
♦ geheven.    , ' ^    ' t       ♦
♦ ' >,_,./!•';♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦"♦ + + ^. ^ <#. V <►
Al DONCHISCIOTTI
,DELLA MANGIA
Nintendo pnrlaro ' di quest! Italian!
rlnoBnt!,cho nlla fine, dl Botto mesl dl
eeloporo hiuino voluto mettoro ancoro
loro lo znmpino del Krumirl.
Non mi'moravlRllo punto por quolll
cho non sono nscrlttl noll'.unlono, ma
bensi por quostl slgnlorl dolla mangla
1 qunll dopo avero manglato por sot
mosl contlnul alio spallo do! mlnatorl
orgnnlzatl, hanno termlnato con un
vllo trndlmonto vorso 1 compagnl dl
lavoro.
CodOBt ossorl dovrobboro vorgog-
norsBl dl nppartonoro al consorzlo bo-
dale mosllo.por loro, so andnssoro ha
rlflnglarHBl nel desortto ill Sara o far
compngnln alio trlbu dol SouubbI . o
combattoro contro I ioro propl frntolll
ml moravlgllo nosnl olio qualchuno dl
quoBtl Krumirl npparllono alia Fedora.
7,lono Colomblnna o nollo modpslmo
non no caplHcono 11 Btatuto Fonda'
niontnlo: Unlonlatl ]ia (ompo porao,
loggoto Inrtltiolo 00 o, vodoto coBa vl
dlco: LoniimerpBo loggia Numoro 100
olio lm mlo pnroro o ul jmroro dl tutti
o ban pormntitl non o nltro cho una
UHBOClllZloilO   (11   Kt'Ulllll'l,
Uuranto quoBto lungo ocloporo tutti
DISTRICT NOMINATIONS
Tha'Mjmlnatlons for different offices
,for next^year's election, which tako
place the second Tuesday in December,
are as follows;   , /        0        • v' ,
PRE8IDENT.—W.. B. . Powell,' Cole-
man, present Incumbent.',
'  J. E. Smith, Fernie. ,"
VICE-PRESIDENT.—Clem Stubbs.' No
'' contest hence elected by acclamation., i
SECRETARY-TREASURER  —  A.  J/
Carter.   The like honor has been
bestowed upon the present holder
of this office.  '
Owing to tho retirement of 'Curb
Garner of Lothbridgo, aB International
Board  Member, It le expected that
thoro will bo a very strongly contostod
fight to fill tho vacancy.   Tlie aspirants aro as follows;
INTERNATIONAL BOARD MEMBER
Robt. Evans, Frank, Alta. ""
W, Graham, Coleman.
T. J. Harries, Mlchol
J. O, Jones, Hlllcrost,
, D. MoNab, Lothbridgo,"	
D. Rees, Fernio.
J. A. Tupper, llodmor,
DISTRICT BOARD MEMBERS.—
8ub«Dlstrlct No. 1.:
J. W, Gray, Fornio (oloctod).
Sub-District No. 2:
Three qontestanta—W. Carruthers,
Frank;   E. Christie, Bollovuo;   D.
E. Hyslop, Colomnn,   '
8ub>Dlstrlct No. 31
Two contestants:
L. Moore, Lethbridge;
E. Brown, Tnlior
8ub-Dlstrfot No, 4:
W. Loes, Hnnkhcnd, who wns ro-
turned without opposition,
E AN APPEAL
They Want a Half-Million Dollars aa
'a War Chest for Fighting
Socialism  ;
' The- Antl-Soclallst Union of Great
Britain Is issuing an appeal for $500,-
000 aB a war chest for fighting Socialism. The appeal for $500,000 Is in
the following terms:—
' At this moment of crisis ln our history when, through the , Cabinet, ■ Socialist, schemers' are foisting on the
nation a-Blngle,Chamber Government,
the Anti-Socialist Union appeals to the
loyalty and patriotism of the British
people. '    y
. The main bulwarks of freedom in
the past'have been the common sense,
self-reliance, discipline and probity of
the people. To destroy these, an incessant and systematic campaign has
been waged by the Socialist leaders.
,We would remind the public of some
of the features of that campaign:— .
1. The Crown has been threatened
and the"Monarch Insulted.
; 2. The House of Lords has been misrepresented and ridiculed; judges, for
the fearless performance of duty, have
been attacked on the platform, and in
the-press; efforts have-been made to
pack quarter and > petty sessions with
Socialist J. P.'s. .
. 3. Boards of bureaucrats, from whom
there is'to be no appeal,'have in some
cases, been substituted for the courts
of justice. '-■''•;-,
4.' Large- numbers of civil servants
have been converted to Socialism;
There has, been a'BtSady increase in
tho number of public officials; * competitive examinations for many of the
new posts have been dispensed' with,
and the number of new officials have
been withheld. ,,, -'
■ 6. There are at least 1,000 Socialists
helping to administer the.Local Government and the Poor Law. Councils
have'taken to trading in opposition to
private enterprise;', their- accounts
have often been inefficiently audited;
in thirty years the local debt has risen
from 193 millions to 588 millions.'    ,
6.' Socialists are making' Btrenuous
.efforts_to_capture_the_Eupporl and,
sympathy of those responsible for the
education of the country. ■ -Socialist
schoolmasters; dons,' and professors
are.busy proselytising.
7. The funds and administration of
trade unions'have been captured by
the Socialist conspirators, and. men,
have been expelled from the unions
tor opposing the. Socialist policy.
8. Attempts have been made to stir
ap mutiny in our Army and Navy.
We have already successfully established twenty-five schools in different
parts of the country, ykt least one
hundred schools are necessary ln order to compete effectively with tlie
Socialists, who hold 2,000 meetings per
weok. , 7 ,
In this country thero are seven organizations, backed by a powerful
Press, constantly spreading Socialism.
Ono of theso organizations alono expends ovor $G00,000 a year on lta activities.   ' - -   ' ' '     ,'
We ask from tho public a contribution of $500,000. That is not a large
premium for an inouranco'against a
revolution.   	
THE RARE CARIBOU
PAGE  SEVEN
9   '        ^    A"       \
BIG. CONE COLLAPSES
The Vesuvius Volcano Has an Uglier,
Appearance,Than Evor     '   <■.'
: The collapse- of the big cone on 'the
main crater' of "Vesuvius - - gives the
volcano.an uglier", appearance • than
ever. Over 1,000' feet of its former
majestic summit was'.biown off by the
terrific Easter eruption iri 1908, and
now another 200 feet has been- shorn
off-its height on the Naples side*; arid
the. mass which has tumbled into the
crater has left a huge rent 350 yards
long- and close upon 100 yards wide,
leaving the'upper.station of 'the funi-
.cular railway recently opened by
Messrs. Cool, standing on the very
verge of. the abyss. ', Any fresh landslide inust .inevitably.engulf tlie station. It will be realized, therefore,
how narrow, was the escape of the
thirty tourists.who were about to ascend to the crater when the collapse
occurred." v The adjacent towns . of
ttesina and Portici have been smothered with dense smoke and showers of
ashes.
THE QUEEN'S JEWELS
She   Prizes   Most   the   Brooch King
George Gave Her
A diamond brooch, -which was King
George's first present to her after
they became engaged;,is the jewel the
Queen' probably prizes most, at any
rate she wears it and. the diamond
necklace presented'to her by Queen
Victoria more of ten. than any other of
her jewels. The necklace has a special v place in her affections because
Queen Victoria gave It to her ori the
occasion of her' engageriient to King
George.-, . ■
The chain of pearls presented to her
Majesty, on her marriage, by- the women of twenty-three -English, counties,
is another highly valued piece of jewellery' in the Queen's collection. Thirty
thousand dollars was subscribed for
the' purchase of this beautiful gift, but
Its actual cost was, twenty-five thouf
sand dollars, and the balance of the
money was, at'the Queen's request,
presented to certain charities. These
pearls are often worn by Queen Mary
in the evening.
FOOLED THE YOUNG DOCTOR
How  His Advertisement for a Wife
*      Was Treated ,
The adventure of a young doctor of
law, who was anxious to get married,
has been the means of causing much
laughter in Paris. ..Through the medium of the'Press, the would-be husband set about-to.find a mate, receiving a number of.replies to advertisements, inserted in-- several, provincial
papers. '■ One of the letters was signed
by Mile. Neclaire, the proprietress in
her own right of a chateau near Maur-
iae,~in~;ih"e^Canxai'*''district;—The~iadys
declared her1 readiness to marry, and
enclosed the, photograph of 'a very
charming girl.-Happy at the prospect
of meeting his affinity, the' young lawyer packed his bag and went toMaur-
iac. There he. learned that the chateau had been in ruins for a century
and a half, and that its' owner was
Mile. Nectalre, who died rather more
than two centuries ago. The photograph which, had been sent to him was
that of a' provincial actress.   ■        ' "
'    ELISA WAS A ROBBER
' A.- sensational trial has justobeen
closed at Geneva with the sentencing
of Ellsa Baumgartner, of Berne, to 18
months* imprisonment for robbing
visitors in hotels'. She was a member
of an International gang. of hotel
thieyos. It was stated at the trial that
the gang1 committed between 80 and
100 robboriea in the leading hotels of
Switzerland, Austria, and" on the Ri-
\Iora, to tho value of at least $800,000
bofore being arrested.
KILLED A POLICEMAN
List of Locals District 18
.■<J, NAME 8EO.' and P. O. ADDRE88
20 nnnkh«nd p. Whoalloy, nnnkhond, Alia.
431 Rollovno J7T. Tturkn, Ttrtl»»vM<», TrnnV, Mln,
V108 Ulnlrmoro  n. J. Clmnc, ninlrmoro, Altn.
040 Ilurmls Jos.  Derby shlro, nurmls. Alta.
J227 Carbondalo J, H. Hyglo p, Cnrbondnlo, Coleman, Alln.
2387 Cardiff j. p0olo, Cardiff, Alia.
1878 Cnnmorf!  n, n  Thnc lmv ri«™^».   \j\".
CC33 Colomnn W. Graham, Coloman,; Alta,	
1877 Corbln J, Twig*,  Corbln, D. C.
1126 Chinook Minos .... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
2178 Diamond City Charles Orban, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
2314 Fomto Thos. Uphill, Pernio, B, a
12fl3 Prank. O. Nleol, Prank. Alta.
2137..Hosmer \v. Ualdorsiono, Hosmer, ». C.
I0S8 Hlllcrout j, o. Jones, Hillcrest, Altn.
G7* I«thbiidKe  1* Mooro, P. O, Ilex 113, Lethbrldffe
1180 Lothbrldga Collieries Prank Barlngham, sec, via., Klpp, Alta.
1233 Lllla ,,. w. L. Evans, Ulle, Frank, Alta
£829 Maplo Lost M. GHday, Maple Leaf, IlelJoTU*, Alta,
2331 Mlchol  M. BurroH. Michel, B. C,
H Monarch Mine..,, Horace Woodlcld, Taber, AKa.
2S82 riwslut* Wm,, Cooke, Passbnrir, Alta,
"J *«*"' v,ow Thos. B. Flsler. Boyal Cellleriw, LethbrMw, Altn
102 Taber  William nussall, Taber, A1U.
1859 Taber a. f>*Um«a. Taber, Alt*.
ii ■
Unique 8peclmen to be Placed In the
Museum of British Columbia
Thb first and only specimen of the
raro caribou of tho Quoon Charlotte
Islands to bo exhibited ln any country
of tho world will bo given a place of
special dlBtlnotlon ln tho British Columbia provincial musoum, ono of tho
throe animals secured by tho Indians
on Graham Island, not far from Virago
Bound, almost throo yoarB ago, having
boon BuccosBfully mountod by Curator
Francis Kormodo—-moro successfully
than ho had dared liopo could bo no*
oompllshod ln vlow of tho atrocious
skinning of tho animals by tho nntlve
huntora and tlio condition ln which
tho carcasos woro ultimately rocolvod
tn Victoria. Tho unique specimen is
notably small uh contraBtod with tho
cnrlbou of tho mainland, bolng not
largor than a fully grown mulo door,
and would weigh approximately 226
poundfl or loss, It < la exceptionally
light In color, and 'carries tlio right
horn only, tho loft—an In two-thirds of
tho specimens secured—being an absent quantity, a gonoral deterioration
or frequent malformation bolng attributed to prolonitod Inbreeding, Tho
head Is also much shorted than that of
tho mainland caribou, and tlio conspicuous fronUil plough In tho horn
formation is mlBBlng, all of which
stamp tho Quoon Charlotto Caribou as
m distinct and soparato Bpoctos. Thai
tho Bpoclmons at tho musoum aro fully
grown Is attested by tho tooth, the
front teoth being  entirely   missing,
MO.<—Kod and Gtin. v
A PET MOOSE
Tho Paris "Apaches*' havo killed an-
othor policeman—-hilled him ln cold
blood and in a stroot whoro crowds
wero passing. Tho murderers have
escaped for .tho present. For some
wooks tho pollco havo been looking
for. a deBertor' namod Durond, who Ib
not only a dcaortor, but a' man of
notorlouB llfo and an "Apacho," who ls
wantod for a dozon crimen.
PLEASED THE KAISER
According to tho Kalsor, Gormany
has found in Horr Karl Schonhorr a
dramatist ot prlcolesa worth. .Aftor
seeing Schonhorr's "Faith and Fathor-
landn" jUBt boforo ho wont abroad, tho
Kalsor sent for the author and com-
pll'montod him In hla customary extravagant fashion. Tho play, ho sold, had
moved him In a wny that hardly any
othor trngody had dono. whllo ns for
tho Kalsorln It had affoctod hor. lo
tears,
SWINDLED TWO VIENNESE
A Uusslan baron hns swindled two
Vlonncso out of lliclr gold olgarotto
cases by protending lo bo'a rolatlvo of
tho Czar.
Youthful Marriage!
A girl who was unsuccessful In nn
application to tho Long Molford (Suffolk) Iloncli for a separation from
hor husband, Btittcd that sho mnrrlod
a llttlo ovor two yonrs ago, when flho
Was fifteen years old.
Wanders About New Brunswick and
Vi»i*» ilafnyiifCiH
A pet tnooso Is said to be wandering
In tho neighborhood of Plaster flock,
N.B., and making tho lives of dogs a
intsory to thorn, says nod and Gun.
During tbe close season, three moose,
a bull, a cow and a calf, wandered
around feeding with tho cattle and
using thetr salt boxos. When the opon
Kcuuuii cumu ou like bull and < <>* M\
for the wilds, but tho calf remained
and vlsltod various farmyards. The
abundance and variety of food evident'
ly suited tbo calf, and having a Malformation of ono of Its Bplk horns It
:* fMlly Identified. The Urania u»\>
twrome qulto uiM in ft nr\<t nn* MVfn,*
™aiitin>* to ensure 1U protection fron.
any hunter who wishes for fr#eh ml
without going to the woods In searcJ
of tbo same.
An Aged Scholar,    ,
Mnry Wlngrnvo. who litis juit dl-d
•it High Wycombe at tho ago of eighty-
<■...,      , ,   I. ,      111 .,..1.11 .   ,     .  *
thft oldest Rundny snhnnl «'rhnti\r in
Ktifftand. Who rcKularly attended n
Sunday school <}m*.up to within n
week of her drnth.
Bank of Enpland Paper'
paper upon which the Bank of Kdk-
land, notes arc printed, It la stat:d
that when ono of those notos Is twisted Into a ropo It will sustain a wclrcht
of 368 lbs.
Dcnfne.ts Cnnnot lie Cured
Vf 1nr.il nfifilti-numn, M V)\rr rtr,r,(/t trurli it* fll*.
taunt portwa of U» *»r. '4h*i» l* oaty cot »»y to
rur» drtlfttu, m«l ihti U by ouniuiuikintl mnalM,
H-.tcum M m>*Nl hy ta tntttmnl «oo4iU(« M tl*
mucxii Itoliif ot Dm l^nutbMa Tutu, M)m> ikit
!.,'•.» InlUnwJ v«aj lav« a rumUini twjnil w la-
la imt hnitnii, kfi4 mhrn tl U «eiml|r timri, tWf-
i. » U lit* ir»ul(, utit UikM Ih) bifUtauttktfi cm ti*
. ..r'li nirt *'.i IJ/'n lutir nwinrrfl w ltd »iur«u»J rohCl-
u..i, b#4HA« wlil M Ontrnytd fortm; iiu ntm
. s ot 1/..1 in- 'I'l-n-l hy CUjrth, *UKU U m.Uu.t
I. j« i» InRimnt nrndltlon of Ih* muraiu mitttt*.
»> mil «1t« Om l'/miti«4 IMun fa* My a«i ti
jv»rn**i iranvst t>f raturrti) thtl mnn«t In eurnl
by Hail I UltrtU t'ur»,   HmA lot titcalu*. ttvr.
nu iimi rumr tut t* twaputm.
ThePafter that gets there
C|f Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired hy persons.. seeking
publicity for their wares.
■^{Selecting the medium is import- ;
ant—the publication that reaches
the people —the wage-earners—
should appeal to the  discriminate
purchaser of space.
■Cf Its ah easy matter to acquire
space in a paper but its another
point'to ^et adequate returns from :
the outlay.
-Cf^dvertiseme^^^
are the ads that .change often and
make interesting reading from time   7
to time, giving facts °and figures. .
ii
C]f Any arrangement of type matter
and .words in a paper is not advertising. A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information,' that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your, business , with the use of Printers Ink.
<ff Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success. (i
■*f Let the new comers know who
you are and advertise your business,,
*tf The   District  Ledger   has. the
largest circulation in tho Pass and
should bo your special medium to'
toll your weekly story.     Just try--
can't tell until you try.
Complete fob department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger ^6^5
3 ,",   .-
1 -   "t
a'-f"^!-.
f''y:
->"'.'*',;■ y'"**V/? "7"'.'" "'■"y ' '""-^.77 7"*'^ - -•"* -•-•-T.-y'A' v7"-77"'''-.w-. 7"'<} ' ■ "■■■%'-*''",^.^'v,*.Ti'.:",j.'.W:-''y^,--
■ '   '/' ^: "-1- -'"'A. ■ ■- 7 ''•     i>   "'''■" ,,"*-7' i '-.y 7"'-A'-':  ' '-1" '" • •  * ' ■   ' '-•■"■•"'• '"-"7 ->7 vv'-'t"-.- Vs-*
i?S-:i»Ja'^-
~v ^«£f^-». ;.,.■ ^SJc«j«« ^i*?jx- -• v-?;■'
7*71. " '--.-y
?-•*•->$
"yyvfe.)?.'
PAGE   EIGHT
DIITRI0T LltDOIB, JEKNIE, B. C, NOVEMBER 41911
si"
t •
f'
l* i
ft
n
T"
*ri ? '
The
IS
I
Trading  Company, Ltd,
The Store of Good Values
L
:'   Get the benefit of the Special Grocery values' on
sale Saturday and Monday. ;
Best Japan Rice, regular 3 lbs. for 25c.
Special 5 lbs. for .: ........... 25c.
2 lb Tins Sliced Pineapple '  1,5c.
2 lb. Tins Preserved Plums .'..-..'  10c.
2 lb. Tins Preserved Cherries  15c.
Domest ic Ilemngs in Tpmato Sauce, 2 tins 25c.
Domestic Sardines, 5 tins for. .-  7.., 25c.
'Y - *■
Concord Sardines, 2 tins for '.■.  25c'.
Libby and Van Camp's Soups, 2 tins for...." 25c.
Meat of "Wheat Breakfast Food, 2 pkts for.. 25c.
New Hallowi Dates, 1.1b.' pkts .:....; 10c.
Sherriff's Jelly Powders, 4 pkts for .'.....-. 25c.
Assorted' Cake Iceings, per pkt. ■'.....'.;... 10c.
Wethey'? Mincemeat, per pkt ,..-  10c.
Sapolio   .' :. .10c.
"Wagstaff e-'s 5 lb. tins Jam  7. 70c.
2 oz. Flavoring Essences V...... 15c.
.-4 oz. Flavoring Essences ....' .-  25c.
5 lb. Tins Greenstuff Sweeping Compound .. 25c."
V    jjFor the Ladies     >.
:" Clearance Sale. of Ladies'. Serge,. Panama
and Venetian One-Piece Dresses,    New Fall.
and Winter Designs and colors.;-7'      -   ,
-;. .:Regular >.: $11.50 to $25.00   ■
Special .'.'..*.  $8.50. to' $13.50   ,
'The Best Overcoat I Ever
"iSTHTsdJ
llHPHIS Fit-Reform Overcoat lms given me better wear
1     thnn nny other I ever had.   I nm out, most of the
day, and am pretty hard on my clothes.
'Show mc some Overcoats of the tame quality. That Model
89 looks mighty good to me."
W« fitted him rwrfprtly with n ImnrUnm* Twwd Overrnsf
M $?,?,. Sine** trvTt, \\\\r, gpnllrmnn Via* fp.nt wr. my new
pjlroni.
The MicceM of Fit-Rfform—nnw \hr orralfsf r»io;l»«rl«M
tailoring organization in Canada—has been btjiilt up by a strict
adherence to quality.
May we show you some of these .•best" Overcoats)        4vs
Here and Thlere
A current wit suggests: "Smile while
your face ia^Umber."—Ex.   7
Mrs,-J. B. "White of Medicine Hat,
has been* visiting her sister, Mrs. A.
D. Ferguson. ' ■
"Madame Sherry' in a return'engagement at the Grand Theatre'.on
Tuesday night next—I'm Surprised!,
A man who can be bought discovers
that he deteriorates in valuo very rapid'
ly after a few salesWThe Western Catholic. '•     ,7 . ,.\ \, -; ,
 —f—
.'.The first snow of the season I—This
should remind you that now,is the
time to get your storm-windows and
doors, and the place.is KENNEDY &
MANGANS. ',: Telephone ^23.
' The "monthly tea given by the Ladles of the Methodist Church will be
hodl at the home of Mrs. J. Woods,
llowland avc, on, Tuesday, Nov.'7th,
from 3 to 6. ' ■   ■ ,
Last week we stated through the
columns of this paper that Ferguson
vias the name of the.young man who
hud charge of tho Lunch Counter a'?
Ingram's, It shou'd have'been,..nits,
Linn. '.        7"*    •■■
--At the weekly drawing at the Isis
Theatre on Friday evening last.the "recipients of the.two $5.00 prizes-.were
Frank.Carosella and J. T. Miller. The
lucky numbers were 27121 and 27275
respectively."
In'the Chinese,revolution the rebels
have a system of peaceful picketing,
and have succeeded in gaining many
adherents from the troops sent against
them, the others beng sent away again.
If this sort of thing goes on the Chinese Government will have1 seriously tb
consider the question of employing
force. ' „
7 We, are.pleased"to report that,Mr.
Simon McDonald, master mechanic,
Beaver Creek, has sufficiently recovered from % the effects of his accident
as to be able to resume his usual
occupation. -.' The accident was caused through the bursting" of the steam
pipel connecting the boilers with the,
new fan," and Mr. McDonald was not
only injured by fragments of this pipe,
but .was badly scalded 'about the face,
-arms,—chest—and-upper,—part—of—'the-
body.- "Fortunately he has practically
recovered ,an'd is apparently none the
worse for the mishap.
The British Columbia Magazine, pub
lished in" Vancouver monthly, is to
hand. The cover, neat and artistic,
and in its front pages there are excellent photo Illustrations of the present nPremier, the retiring executive,
and four of the seven cabinet ministers
recently elected, to the Dominion
Houso, together- with a picture of
British Columbia's Premier,, who is'
credited* with having declined a portfolio. A very interesting'article depicting farm life In Saskatchewan, a
short account of duck shooting near
Sumas; tbo curing of salmon by the
Indians, views and write-up of Stewart,
B C, as woll as some short stories of
local. color, interspersed with spaBniB
ol poetry and. othor articles of valuo,'
least of which is by no moans one
from tho pen of Fletcher s'. Brock-
man, entitled "Tlio Transformation of
China and Its Significance to tho Pacific CoaBt," mnko up a vory creditable numbor and well worth tho prlco
charged of 16 conts.
Fernie looks . good' to "Madame
Sherry."? See her at the Grand next
Tuesday evening.       *--       ■'  -   ,
The.first.snow of the season!—This
should remind you that now is ttie
time to get your storm windows and'
doors; and.the place is KENNEDY &
MANGANS. ,' Telephone 23.
ACCIDENT AT BLAIRMORE.,   -
', This morning a serious accident occurred' at Blairmore, mines, when' a
miner known as- Mike Green" and his
partner,'aRiissian, with a long name,
were"'at work." /The exact cause of
the,'-accident is .at present unknown,
but from,reports received. Green will
lose the,"eight of'both eyes in addition to other serious injuries, while one
optic of his'partner is likely to be rendered useless. *y.
We are informed .that both of the
unfortunate men are being taken to
the hospital for attention. ' ...
These men - are employees of, the
West Canadian" Collieries Company;
and are among those that have been
working during the strike.' (
AT THE GRAND
• ..Geo.'M. Cohan's "Forty-five Minutes
From Broadway" Company arrived in
town this morning.
^ The company numbers- twenty-six
people—mostly, girls—and comes here
with the commendation of every Canadian city where they have appeared.
.'As,, every one knows, "Forty-five
Minutes from Broadway" is a bright,
jingling musical comedy, written iiuCp;
han|s-bes't style' and contaning more
than a dozen popular song hits including, "Stand,TJp.and Fight. Like,.Hell!"
"So-long, Mary,"" "Maryljs a Grand Old
Name," "I Want to Be a Popular Millionaire," and "When Mr. Cupid Comes,", To Town.'
' The company go back to the Stat
es from here to finish their forty week
tour.
"   C. MJ.CVBRIEN, M.L.A:
.Charles. M. O'Brien, the Socialist
member of the Alberta Provincial Parliament," will speak on Sunday under
the auspices, of Fernie Local 31, S. P.
of C, upon the problems that are engaging thei atention of practically
every'civilized country under the sun:
A cordial Invitation is extended.to
everybody to\attend, more especially,
those who are opposed to the philosophy of Socialism, when every * opportunity .will" be given to them, to "ask
any questions .pertinent to the .subject
matter of his discourse. , .,."',
■TTTne^meetiniywilHlw- Eejfd-iS~ltie"
Grand, Theatre at ,2.30 p.m.
THE REBEKAH'S DANCE
Esther Robokah Lodgo No. 20, I. O.
O, F„ Fornlo, will hold tholr nnnual
ball on Thursday evening, Novoinbor 0,
In tho Victoria Hnll. This ls tholr
fifth annual'ball, nnd from what wo
enn learn will far outshlno anything
of a llko nnturo ovor Rlvon by this
OBtlnmblo order. ' Tlio commlttoo In
chnrgo will cnll on you shortly with
tickets, which can bo procured for %1,
8TANDARD OIL NOW
HAS MEXICAN PIELD
Long Talked of Deal with Peanon Interest! Put Through for $25,000,000
TAMPICO, Moxlco. Oct. M.--TI10
snlo of all tho oil lnnd, proilucliiK wolls,
pipe linos, refinery nnd othor holdings'
of tho Pearson syndicate In Mexico to
tho Standard Oil Company has Just
boon mado, according (0 advices rc«
celvod horo todny from Now York.
Lord Cowdrny, who loft Moxlco for
Now York nbout ton dnyn nso, brought
tho lonu ponding negotiations to 11
, w»1    v t . 1 « 1 ! .  "M
«.#V«.4" * .*"     »■*.•#i>.Ui.iL.mjt,   ti)   #IS/t   L^ULf,i\.
ly known here but H In r.nlrt to be 1n
tbo neighborhood of t2fi.OOO.O00 gold.
■ Embraced In thoiio holdings Is tho
fnmoiiH world bonier uiifthor at Pot-
rero Del Lnno, 110 miles Botith of Tarn-
- .   •      > 1 i'
To the Editor, Dfstrict Ledger:      ,7   ,<
^ar Sir^l';i^ticed in your last .issue a letter fronj one Joe Morris concerning myself and Chas. Carver. I
might say„that i' agreed that the winner should take,( the gate receipts ' at
the contest between myself and Mr.
Carver. I ,also( agreed to a sldo bet
and asked lilm to place his forfeit with
Mr. Thos, Crahjiri; of Michel, and I
would cover same, but this he failed to
d?- '    .      L,- »bi.)r... -      «
When I wenj^ to the Union Hotel
Mr. McDonald was .trying to arrange
a match liotween^myself and Carver.
Carver refused .to nieet me unless I
mado HO pounds, . 'His friends advised him not to meet.me, and It would
seem that when' he issued his challenge ho did not.oxpoct mo to bo in
tho welter weight olns's.
He said I would not bo a good drawing card. He has won two matches.
I havo taken part ln eleven boxing
contests In tho Pasn. winning, seven,
drawing two and loping two.
I bavo not yot replied to Carver,
but am willing to box him at any tlmo
and place
(Signed) CHAS. BURROWS.
Libraries Act   .Such an Act -would:«.'
l._ Provide; for".establishment of
Library Boards in'any parfof the.Pro-
vince. whether organized municipalities or unorganized districts.' ' 7J;
-t2. Give authority" to .municipalities
to levy a rate for library purposes, ':'
-3. Make provision for,a.Provincial
grant in proporUou'to tho amount raised locally. \ 7 "''"V7'"••.■'"- "' .'•'
'_' ,4. Provide- for the organization, ln-i
spection and assistance.of Public Lt
braries in the Province by, an. officer or!
officers appointed by the Government.'"
.5. Provide for. the training of libra-
ralns'y ' ' '*"' • ^Vy-1' v".':0 - •-'*■"
* If-~ this work appeals ■ to you we
would be pleased to have your assfs-
tance^—      '    v     ''."'"-     "        '  7>'"
1st By becoming a member of tbe
Association;'  '•;•   ■■,  •  i   "7 .
2nd. By corresponding with us as
th© work progresses; and giving us
the benefit - of > your counsel If it is
not possible for you to attend- tbe
meetings of tho Association; •
3rd By using your influence with
your representative In the legislature.
Wo would be grateful for a note
from you expressing your opinion with
regard to the above project '
'   Yours'Bincerely, ' ' < .
C. W. WHITE,
,  ■'  '       » 1-. ' Secretary.
POOR, BENIGHTED URUGUAY
Uruguay^ has a new- hours-of-Iabor
law, the principal "features of which
are'as follows: -Xh' eight-hour working day for. all w.orkmen, including industrial 'and commercial- employes;
one day of rest after every six working days; a'state pension for working
women just "before, and after confinement, during which period they will
not be allowed' to work," such pension
to be paid by tbe state! pending legislation on'insurance and workmen's
savings banks; and -^provisions .for
special- inspectors who will command
the confidence of the working .classes,
to see that the provisions of the 18W
are - observed in factories," workshops
and offices.. -'..,.
EARTH, HEAVEn/aND HELL .
\ We were listening the other day to a
Socialist orator at an outdoor meeting!
"What',.we .want,*.' he .said, "is -'the
Earth; the capitalists'" may. fight for.
Heaven and Hell between them." _ And
the sentiment was loudly applauded!
—John Bull.   . "       •'',"*      '7 >.
*    THE CRUSADERS.,.-,
At' the Isis Theatre,Wednesday'and
Thursday, Nov. 8 and 9, will be shown
'The Crusaders or,Jerusalem Delivered" .   Four reels—4,000 feet ln all!
Admission 25 cent's.  /
., This; is based upon: the .immortal
classical poem of Tasso.< 1, Remember,
Nov. 8 and 9.
OBITUARY
.,-l.tM.   t,
n«    n    *v» r\ t\
-?.\Y
put of l0g,<KK> barrold of oil. Boforo
this well wns brought In. 1/ord Cow-
dory bad prlcod llio Byndlcntos, holding nt $18,000,000. The rrtishor Is vnltiod
at 10.000,000, nltbougb It has already
produced moro thnn 3,000.000 barrels
of oil. It Is now throttled to. 111,000
barrels p«r d»y.
'~li**tt\o your seat* otrljr nt Rud-
«1»bV« for "Mndnmo Slurry" next Tiw-s
d«y «*#«lBg.
     Jy, ul	
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
f. .The, f\f** noow nf th* m»,*t(ifT!—Thin
^should  rtwind jou that no»  i« tho
llnv to\R'!t yo1"1 idw'u window* mid
doorv, aid tbe place is KKNNEDY &
j MANYiAftt.    T«ItfbOR« IX
♦ COAL CREEK BY  174       ♦
♦ ' ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Tho following notico wns ponted up
at Conl Greek last wook-ond, with the
result tlinl qulto a numbor of mon nro
working nt donning up and fixing tho
roadways In nnd nround tho mlnos,
CROW'8 NEST PA88 COAL CO. Ltd.
Oct. 28th
.. "Tlio Con] Crook Mlnos will opon
' on tho Bealo of Day and Contract
PrlcoB given In. tlio Gordon nwnrd,
nlso In compliance with tlio torma
nnd condition* ngrood to nt Loth-
brldgo by tho Wostorn Conl Operators' Auuoclntlon and tho ropioHontn-
tlvcu of tho Minora of tlio District,
whon tlio/ mot tho Hon Roht. Uor-
ore, MlnUtor of Interior and arrived at n flottleiriont on Oct. 25 to
Oct, d      "
Old employees of this compnny wish
ing (0 volurn lo work and clean up
tlio niliibii undor tho above torma
nnd conditions, will plcaso apply to
.ul. j, bliitiiHS, MMv.bt*u*&vr, iMai
rn-fj,', lor wifrk,
(fllgned) W. IL WILSON,
flonoral Manatror.
Oihor Conl Crook Notes too lato for
thin woolc,        t
BRITISH COLUMBIA
LIBRARY ASSOCIATION
On Sunday, October 29t!i, the funeral of Daniel Furgiison,- known among
his many acquaintances by,the familiar name Of "Dannie'took place from
the homo of his mother, and was largely attended,,and many floral, offerings
arid wreaths; both from local and Vancouver sympathisers, wero'sent.
Tho deceased, who was particularly
well-known and"popular, was a native
of .Sprlngblll.Nova Scotia, whoro ho
was born' August 23rd, 1882, coming
into Fornlo In 1901, ..> When the nows
was first received in Fernie as to his
death ln New Westminster It was not,
known just how It occurred, but wo
learn that for somo tlmo past he haa
been* subject to fainting spells, and
was overtaken' by ono of thoso whon
out on tho street and falling to tho
ground received' such Injuries to his'
head as to cause concussion of tho
brain, from which ho did not rocovor.
Ho loaves to mourn IiIb loss lilo
mother, wlfo, four brothorB—-Beverley,
Truro, N.S., RusboII, Bt'irrlngton nnd
Pobort of this city; also two slaters,
Mra. W. H. Baldroy, of Fornlo, and Mrs
li. O, NoyloB of Point Edward, Capo
Breton. •
Tho boreavod wlfo Is at present staying with Mrs. A. D. Forguaon, mothor
o*. deceased, Much sympathy Is folt for
tho fnmlly, this befng tho second boro-
avomont that hns darkened this homo
sine© thoy enmo to Fornlo, and all
thoso with whom Dannlo wan acquainted Bpoak In tho highest terms of
him as a mnn and a friend,
t
I
I
I
<
i
5
!
?
5
S
i
s
i
i
>
•¥•¥©¥» a*a«AmxmiAmjkma«;
Coats
'sTG61f:777y7:7:.4
" -.    t • '■■ -'■■- , -••'
. . * . -       ',-.    - ' .'■ s
;/.yy       ■,,    "-   ,;-,r
•' <i   "    •»   t. * . *     '    • „ 1* ' "       Wv
•    f ■     . ,    ,,     .; 'v.      -    .__     .-,-  .;      -;     ._-.       ■-..',;  ^"'
A most necessary, garment land -within reach of all"7 f'
- good heavily j-knitted" Coats of pure wool; correct  "
,      >7 '■
,  .      ' • lengths; .vest or r'611 collars ;* iri-plain shades, arid -^,j'..,
-,-. ?7in*two-color effects.   .-. ' j,:. ,-.V 7 v      7'"    , - >   .'-
. Prices from . 7:."...;.';..;'.. 7;..-".. $2.75 to. $4.25 * 5f  •>
Dr. Jaeger Golf
Coats .   ;
\
Wools
Sweater Coats of beautiful soft Saxony"wpol"; per: A
fectly knitted wthout seams; loose,,or sloped ►
styles; white and colors.' - /"'.'y *     §»
Prices from ...:.;......... $3.75 to $10.00 >
..  y \
Beehive, Saxony, Flosses, Eiderdown;1 Angora, Ber-  F
lin, Zephyrs; and'Scotch Fingering- ■' Chenille,  i
. the correct finish for aviation caps., Aircolors  i '
       r't
7.: I.
to match the wools.
Children's Dresses
In Serges, Panamas,1 and fine; Twills, in the styles  c
that loolc best; inexpensive little dressesin fleec- [.9
7- ed-back materials, well riiade'and exceptionally  J
■ ' good fits.   ■ ->      '{J''- _ ..', I
A new.lot, just to hand, in,white tailored effects ;T-|-
andiri a good^variety'of medium, and "dark colors.  §
A swell lot of .Velvet arid Leather Handbags; only. -J
-" the'yery newest. :" ' 7, r "\ 7   "   ■   f   ■:",*.
Women's Waists
0    1
Ti
i::,'
Demonstration  i
,' A demonstration will take place in our establish- "%.
: ment, beginning Saturday and "continuing- all next" ,•
' -week, ofTCowan's fa,mous.Cocoa and Chocolate.   -: >
 1
-- ~'-'''yy'i ^.:,yl-7 '. '*"*■: ■ ", J.
■\f'^^*^:;~*jp-\y~<3 ■• .. ."''.7?-
Ootobor 28th—Tho Infant son of
John Mcllwralgb, of Waldo, • Interred Oct. 30th.
October 81st.—-Mr». Thos. Robinson,
of Michel, aged Cl ycarei, Funeral
Nov, 2nd,'with Rev, W. F. Dlramlck
officiating.
'Nov. 1st.—Tho Infant Bon of II. O.
Grant, of ITosmor, ngod two months,
Thirled nt IfoBmor, -Thomson and
Morrison, of Fornlo, having charge, of
.   I'
IValdMf
Mrs. S, Jennings, proprietress ,
Rates $1.50 and^up,,,,
■   '17i' .■■'»
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main   .
o Business Street.
M«al. Tickets, $6.00
8peelal Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties,   Try our
*
Special Sunday
Dinner SOc
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by oompetent
and obliging wine olerks.
and Sale Stables
I'V
-,    First Class Horses for Sale;
' Buys Ho^es on Commlalon
George Barton    Phone 78
I
Here it is, Waiting for I)
Victoria, II. C, Oct. 18th, 1911
To tho Editor, i)Jstrlct Ledger:
Bcnr Sir,—Tt may bo of Interest to
you to know that an association'haa
bwn tt>nw<i\ In TlrlHxb Columbia trt«>n'
ronrnpff llio oriunUaUoa *«d development of public libraries tn this pro-
vlnoo. '        ,,
Its flitt and Immediate aim Is lo sown tho ffltiAfrp of'» mo4m\ Ptfollr
SMoft's Gure
ouxKi-r troft cowmr, evni cote«,
MtAlf THt THftOftT 4H0 I U*fO«. t» «PIT» I
t
Vfttp   f        * "««!•«
Meats
We have the best money
ean buy of B««f, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butttr,
Rgjjt, mi*h, "Imporator Ham*
anil Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Wtfners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phenyl 56
Smmmammmmmm
MOVED
Wo bog to announce thattor
tho present wo aro removing our
stock from tbo Victoria Avonuo
promises to tbo old stand on
, Pollatt Avonuo, and thoro bopo
to moot all our customer?,,.'
T»v a atrlct ndhoronfln ^ biml*
nesHWO trust to morlt a contlnu-
anco of your valued patronngo,
' FRE8H EATABLES
AND PROMPT SERVICES
Pernio Home Bakery
Tolophono 180
REPRESENTATIVE wanted at onco
for work In your locality Will guar:
antoo $2,00 to 93,00 por day. Opportunity to advance rapidly. Will pay
liberally for spare tlmo, Work not difficult, Experlenco not required International Dlblo PreBB, Toronto, Ont.
HWill      itlWI   H —«■!■   I   IM->       I.I    I   II     !■ I   I   ■!      IH—MlllH 1
. FOR RENT—Throo-roomod shack.,
unfinished or pnrtly furnished, as do-
sired.    Apply "R," co., ledger Office.
WANTED—A HouBOkoopor;    apply
John Murray, Wost Fornlo. 2t,
TAXIDERMY—Tor  flrst-clasfl  taxidermy work, mounting anything from a
snake to an elephant, call or wrlto, Q,
1 Rooco, P. O. Box 0, Wost Fornlo
Im,-n,p.
. FOR SALW—At a bnrgaln; n brand
now nioyolo; Engllnh mnko, novor
rode on, Apply, Wm. Barton, Pollatt
Avonuo. '      0«t,f
FOR SALE—Subject to short loaso,
Hon no and Lot corner Rlvorbank Avo,
and Prior Stroot, Apply to L, P. Eck-
stojn	
. I^OBT, STOLEN, or STRAYED, ono
podigroo Alrdalo Hitch. Any Infor-
uiAi/uu ieuiiiiife to too t«icotdr> of
samo will bo appreciated by W, Par-
noil, Wost Fernio.
INPORMATIOW WANTED
;  i,   .     "    , .'       v   ,?
■ Anyone having nny information con*
corning Josoph Victor Trottlor, who Is
believed to liavo worked ait minor In
dthor Alberta or D. C, is earnostly
tvt.<qu«sU'd to cbtrimuuhMe sarjio to
Uiu. M. TllOTTlKU,    ,
277, Sackvlllo 81.
Toronto, Ont.       ,.
Other tabor papers pleaao ropy.
, .The first anow of the season!—Tblu.
fcfttumk luiuuni i)OU luat iiow \6 Vtin
tlmo to got your storm windows and
doors, nnd tho placo Is KENNEDY &
MANQAN8.    Tolophono S3.

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