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The District Ledger Nov 11, 1911

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•V '.'.s _ i! u^-i  ;•
'\~ -';.mie Wficial Organ of District No! 18. tJ/M.,W.:6f A.
Political Unity is Victory
f :^;^5Vy^ y?'V*&£$
$1.00 A TEAR
-   » ■   ^ *    -■*■   •
t'-vVC,    V
7*7 - Hors6S7Losf -: ^
'-On Thursday the house and contents
of Mr. Andrew's was practically burn-
|f^^y*edvtb;>tiio ground]during his absence.
7.;'^..^"Thls. is'fiidoed^infortunabe, and seems
^l-7/r-tO/ompha'size the truth of the old pro:
|,'v r ^y6rb*;that "troubles never, come* singly,
*&vi-.it>ls'rbut a'Bfiort^tlme'ago that death,
«'j.'r6bbed him of his bettor half.' Such "a
■'i • comblnatlonrof" m|sfortune".jcalh for,
r .777; the .widest sympathy, and in expressing
:.^-^.'rt^hatVof''the District'Ledgerwe know
.'j?.!^-'*!;tbat we^are techoingthe. sentiments of
{^"7f'ihis^many.I friends'.and neighbors. ■ [
I-'/y^'A^firebroke'-out at",ten,thirty tbis
v_i'iA7,morning*(Friday) -at\tbe corner of
yvj'^ Thompson Street and; Lindsay.Avenue.
v/r' ,J; 7-,The^barn'. owned '^b'y Sam''"Fuseef'w6,'s
jV"" ' ^damaged to 'the'exteht of $156,* we' are
>-;informed,..before the*flre was'; e'xtin-
,:'guished, but the contents,',hayi harness
" etc.," were'- completely, destroyed, and
.''two horses Incln'erated77"
■ '^'"j-yp
.   -'-    '• ;'W-By S.-M.W-, '", '     -,   .
7,.   -'.;A bright; ^clear, crlBp^ morning sji-jh
^ru^a^\ls°,'typl[C'j,Lof the "prairie-provinces
s^ry.'.writerTwlth his' inarvellous'^ele-
path" d1c't_agr'aph7'qy ry: 0^;.f;,".,-y
7We have pverloolce'dJ,the description
of the othe^occiipant .ot'the"1 buggy.-
Her'nam©,- forr.lack7 of "a" better, one,'
w© "wilf'give as Jeanj Strickland (her
real baptismal nanse was Sarah Jane),
. About a nille' fromtthe'starting point
and away from7all 'habitation, with
nobody vislble^elther "on foot or driving the bottom of the hlllwais reached
and as the horses slowly "ambled up
the grade practically7 a 'verbatim' reproduction here giyen took place \
' "Now, Annie,' tell mo'1 all about j^our
getting married:.' Who is this Mr. H„
of Calgary? Because I always thought
that you ahdi Jack .Martin would be
man and wife, arid you'vq no Idea how
surprised I was-when you wrote me
that you were going'to marry "a wealthy man." '';',". ■.-    -       7- -,'_' '
"Jean," said'Annie, "you and I'were
"playmates in.our school days; „we had
our iittl6" tiffs, like all girls have,' but
I; have ,felt that-if ever I. had lone true
friend it was you; and i,'.wlsh" to tell
the wholestory'-a'ndplease don't blame
me;' don't, scold .as. I am;hungry for
sympathy and sometimes -wish" I were
dead.',*;. "-,-   ^  ' ■''-*":,.*' "; y'\ ■'■'.'
"Why, "you silly little goose, Annie,'
,cwhat's the matter with- you?.,«-Tell me
all' about thejmatter,,and- ariy^way,'
whatever' loving, sympathy-,and;comfort I can give Is yours.., .Now wipe
your eyes and let's be happy; as ~loa'g
as we can." . -.,v- **-, '/ .*- '" ;
- Rubbiqg her eyes.wlth her finger and
thumb, with* a sigh accompanying the
action'Annie;began: /.-py, ' - - '
' "Jeannie,11.'dld-toil you" Jack loved
me, but;he,has.been so.unfortunate,
scarcely making enough money to keep*
himself,iand' If fiejdoes^nce'ln a" while
get a, dollar whicfi-h© ,can\ill spare
there's his "sister Ruth,.a widow with.'
^three little'."oners'" that; fie-sends ihto
and- whW'i^havev7seenHlie..'niise'ry1 of
the, mother; .the\pinched: f aces>of * the
little ones with, Jheir. patched "clothing,
I, - felt J that' eyeu^wbat;. little*', comfort
-■  ;'-, ;-'HV-S?,..... ...
•;,"     ,"; 1; there* anlindlvlduarwho by^the.jalise
i.", - 'xln'. biVor'b'er "tiHii'd spoke silently4pf, an;
7interided7tr(p.-™>r'' Standing\around Jn
*V'nnfB*,vif^T'07rtAi'fn'rAi(i" innT^mrtrei'^wftfe
Jack' can give -.them^-would^be wrong
for. me, to ■ ^take' "froin; tietn.' -.' Then,'
'againj^" I; hajy^'iglctur^^Vself - and
Jack strugglidgiaibng'.wiilffporh&pLa~
small family such as Ruth's.1 and rath-
• At a ; time' like this1-", when >" the
thoughts of practically every Individ-,
ual throughout the length''.ind breadth
ct the country are "co'itred .upon • the
wide world labor unrest, and'we In this
particular\local»ty are m the throes'of
a controversy .tha,t has now pasted'
for months, we think it apiopos to give
a few extracts from "Tne Scab;".th©'
wrrk of the: .well-known wilier; rJack
London:   -    - '-.'-:
' "In a1 competitive society, where men
struggle with one another for food and
shelter',' what Is more natural "than'
tnat' generosity; when it diminishes
the.foodand shelter of men other'than
he who is generous, should be held an
accursed,thing? Wise old saws "to
the. contrary, he who takes from -a
man's' purse takes from his existence.
To strike at a man's food and shelter
is to*strike at his life; and "in a so-,
ciety organized on' a tooth and nail
basis, such-an actj performed.though It
may be under the1 guise oj^ generosity,
is none the less menacing arid terrible.
'•'It is for, this reason that, a laborer
is 'so.^fiercely hostlleyo another la-'
borer who offers to work for less pay.
or "longer hours., ^To hold his place
(which Ib to live),-he must offset1 this
offer by another equally liberal, which
is ^'equivalent "to giving away somewhat from the food und'shelter he enjoys." ' To s*ell his day's work for $?.
instead of $2.50, means that he, his
wife and ■ his children will not have
so'*igood' a^roof over" their," heads, so
warm clothes on,their backs, so substantial food ,in- their stomachs.",- Meat
will be bought'^less frequently and it
will" be. tougher varid; less'- nutritious,
stout now'shoes vwilL go; less often, on
th©7children's" feet, and disease arid
death. .wlll/bV more - imminent in a
cheaper -house and neighborhood.
' '
'•r\   '
' s I 'l' ' \
'.}':■&■ .■" 'Btatlon'f'agent; / expr'eBBra'|ent"arid,
*  *y?-veral' other7(functioharies l'rblle3 ^ up'
7* L y tb«;Beverai7tTunkB^abSard! along 7"tbe
f\\". ^fl'p^^i^y^R.*^^'0*1'p1.?156 "°^
;' '7','(which "they^.could" b&bost loaded^into
;;/•" j-.'^'the'baggage-car.v, p>lT,"dv 1~.-, .'■'- V, "£•'
'"■' _ ;-"   Standing/aloof,.from* the;crowdUo
VfJi^,' "tho^right- ofi the door^marked /'Ladles'.
•' " Ff^iWaltinR Room,'.' .wa^a'jirfrr^nparenUly;
f* roceritly. emerged from'the 'toeri stage.
v_' '"..;vThore was noth/n^^tirtlingAbo^t'W.
"1* appears^co, and' lt'"iB a^noqeVaarji jo
[■>>, «nter',^to.aiijr.lengthy;;di6taiiBi'at,'th'ia/
*'  7, ^Vifm'o.'bocauBo.aBjth^oto'rr.roilB along
\ v" i8ho.,wUI como In'fpr'a'goodjy'Bh'are.of
■ >   attention moro^UboJris':almont,planj
' y than'- 'catalogued after' the.fashion of
,    ," ^an advertlaement in'a" matrimonial ga-
i    .','    ,zett6;.Of courBOBbo'had.a-'nrimo, but
-.7, na it Ib of no groat, impo'rtanco to tho
.   " ^-gonoral publlo under-'what particular
" ,p'art of'tlio 'Dlroc'to'ry,1lt,,'cari botfo,und
'we will,.o'airher Annie'Bldko, because
theso' Initials , aro about as far dla-
tant-'ln alphabetical -siiccosslon^from
tiioroaV"cognomen, as It Ib posslblo
honco If'eticli colncldonco should arlso
' that tlio clrcimistahcos doscrlbod accurately, doplct' tho VttporlonooB of ronl,
llYO1?, genuine AnWo Blako, sho may
, khoW'thnt to the wrltdrjiofeof sho Ib
.■-■it   -an unknown aunntlty,;',.;';'
'"•f. j'   'A honrso shrlok.pt'tho locomotive
, t <\\ 'whlBtlo   and   almost-;'"simultaneously
'',,,'thoro Is.tlint nijiflo.po'eujiar'to tbo iron
7fltood nBBpoiid' iB'Blaokonod'propnra-
.,- tory^to cpmlng to a HtandrBtlll; thoro Ib
' Vft commdtlonf'monK»t5,0'P^lWor,m ln"
. /habitants; somo rushing to, tlio'front
' .ond .'bf,the train whllo othora{ among
whoniuVur Annlo niii.ko,'"'crai]o tho
'nock umi bond lho gnr.o \ipontho oc-
■ ciipnntB of .tlio cars nnd tho. pubhoii-
1 '' gorn Rtnndlng upon tlToplntfonn rondy
1 to,alight, a nod, n smllo, a nlmltu'of
tbo hand Is iiotlcoablo as a sign of
recognition botweon   tho   pnflsongorB
and thoso awaiting ,thbmV-.j About tho
fpurCV person to dllRht' Jb" ji plump
young maldon towardB whom our An*
' nlo riishoH, a hand satchel Is dropped
nnd both otnbrnco with a forvor that
may bo regarded ad ah ovldonco of mutual   affection,      Commonplaco   ro-
. mnrko, nt least to nn outsider, thoy nro
of llttlo weight, but-probably to tho
pattloa Interested . qulto   Important,
fllinnt   fhn   hi*nt1\\ "(sf-M'" 'f"»!l«    the
"kind of 1otirnflV,'<»t«(J*"«*'      '"
'   Linked arm In nrm^'nnd4 chatting
*  qulto volubly* thoy^t^roll from.tho ata<
''   .tion.towards a 11 veryiibarn whoro An*
nlo asks tho Btabloninn to hitch up tho
"Wake f*am..     r»rrcnnlni» Info n nonr.
,by coffoo Iiouro tho glrla partake of
spbio light rotroBhroonta   and   thoso
flnlihod, nolo through   tho   window,
that tho„toam Is In roadinosa.,.
Throwing tho hand satchel into tho
convoyanco, th«y tako tholr, watt, tuck
In tho lap roboa over tho knoo*, tbo
lines aro handed to Annie, nnd wllh a
"chirp" to tho horaoa off they go
\syt tholr H mllo Journey to tho raneti
of Annlo'« undo, WHMd niako, a
A ride along a country road botwocn
two girl frl«nda Is especially condnclvo
to iho oschanae of contldennca, bo-
cauno thero Ib no fear of being ovor*
hoard, oxeoot by tho Invisible short
small family such aB Ruth's,^ and rather, than.', bringtUnhappInes'B7'tp ;tho little
prieB I .wo'uld not marry at'aji.'f'7,;'.r.
;''7:YoU;say,7Annie,;that this;;Mri;'H; is
60 years'of agef;/but'tell me.'.doiyou
, ;;L6voV.bIm>'r,anawei^H'ni»e,i"'gftf'it
v^ea*ryea|^I'love>im furbetteif,' than
I d6>7'th©!Iauridry7'work;-",,love:'hlm far
better'than I dofaboriT^-^Vhoine/'dl'd'
I Bay?—tho ..shack of Ruth's''wltb'her
haggard looks and. poorly: nourished
kiddles.    Don't look'at-ihe.that way,
Joannle, you have no idea how I s'uf-'
fered when working day'ta'dajroufiri'
tho'steaming; atmosphere,' then out'in
tho'cold .and' walk to my cheerless'
room, and'I know, full• well'that'had
I continued that kind-of a dragging ox;
istenco .that It would have1 only /boon
a fow years befo're a' floral wreath
might have boon your laBt testimony, of
friendship." *■,  ; -'"Ty     -'." f ,.;
. !'You say wliy not/stay'wKhvmy-u'n;v
olo on tlio;ranch?"' and here",,the. girl'
laughod'Ironically. ;..'(Wait• and boo.
Ile'sns close'flstotl as.themlsoi'lloat
old miser,"you, ovor.saw,In'ypu'r life,
and'it is only bflcause'pf my-prospeots
tbat'l am living 'with -hlih;y'he Is-expecting to bo paid back with' compound
Intorost for thIs«'.oxtraordInary:-dl8plny'
of: goiioroslty (horo' tlio'. spoe'oh '.was
punctuatod ,by a laugh, not altogether
dovold of mlrthfulnesB).'       '••.■'
Continuing, sho said, smilingly:
''Bottor an old man's darling, Joan,
than n young,man's" slavo Ib an old,'
Old saying;   I'm ranking tho- choice
how.     Toll mo Just" what Is 'going
through your mind,, bocaftao I can boo
by tlio look on your fnco thoro nro
lots- of thought to bo ,oxpro8flod."
, Clonring hor-throat with ft preparatory Horn l.-r'iWoll, wolil   Annlo Blaito
I'm Junt going to talk you straight and
If'anythlng I sny hurts doii't think It's
bocaiiBO I llko,to Inflict pain, bocnuso
I don't, nnd,It Ib only, bocnuso of nftoc-
tion that I'll say what I shall say: Do
you remember-whon wo woro tads ot
about olovon yoarfl of ngo nnd hnd
boon rending 8torl087t.ogoilior about
rich mon marrying poor girls and leaving their real, lovers and becauso of
their limited, moans thnt you always
said; 'I'll novor marry a mnn for his
monoy,' and thon lator whon wo mot
on yonr-flfWhth hlrthdny,'and wo began to hnvo moro extended vlown of
llfo nnd Us duties nnd responsibilities
yeu »?.,* ,^>......t. ,t .«*'>v., t.ijiijt tttutif
for n homo \m\t>rA thPro'dlnvo In It,
"Yob," Joannlo, Intorruptod Annlo,
"not only do I recall tho conversation
but lator said that a girl who married
fr\v t) \)f\)Y,f, w'**j **tv ,^n?'Jnr' wCr better
solf, but, remember thon how hcnlthy
and strong I wob; now, nftor my years
of hard work look how thin, I am and
ono'a Ideas ohnngo with conditions."
"Annlo, It ,1b qulto truo that wo do
change our* notions nbout things In
gonor.nl na each yoara cornea around,
and ovory Individuals surroundings
differ so that what I shall say Ib from
my viewpoint, and although a criticism If not a condemnation. Rather
than trample your principles Into the
ground could you not by saving your
mqney manage to save enough to help
on* so that yon and .Tack might, become man and wife?"
"Jonn, Joan!    Yo« make mtt tired.
'"/'Thus the.generous■ laborer, -giving
more'of-a day's" work for less return,
(measured'.in terms of food and "shel-
tor).-.threatens the life of,his less'generous brother laborer; and.'at the best,
•if The doe3 not destroy.that lif'dr.berdlin-
frifBtes'it.' '/Whereupon' tbe"''lfe"Bs'geri-
o'fous1 laborer.' iobks;upon him, ns-an
enemy, 'and 'as''nJ€n .are "ncilned to do
in" d,,t8oth-arid-na!l,Bbciety, he. trieB .to
kill the1 men who.is, trying to kill-'bim;'
•' ."When a striker kills, with .alhrlpk'
the man-who has taken his place,:he,
has no sense of wrong-doing, ,' In the
deepest holds of his being,,though he
does riot reason the impulse,'he has
an ethical sanction. Ho feels'.dimly
that bo has justification, just as the
homo defendllng. .Boer felt, /though
moro sharply,.with each bullet he .fired
at'iho invading English, Behind ovefy
brick thrown by a striker, istho selfish
will''to'Hvo' of himself, and the slightly altruistic will'to llvo'of his famtj/j
The'family group came Into tho world
boforo' tho State' group, and society,
being 'still on' tho primitive .basis of
tooth-and-nall, tho will 'to llvo*'of the
Stato Ib notso compelling to thostrlk;
or as Ib tho will 'to llvo' of his family
and hlmsolf.      .   , .   -       >.
f "Iri''addition to,:lw uso of brl-Vw,
clubs, ar^d bullots, tho selfish laboicr
finds tt necessary to express his foul-
Inge ln, Bpoocli, „ Just as tho peaceful
country-dweller.]calls the soq rover,*'
'ptiato,' and thg stout burgher calls
the^maii' who breaks Into his Btr'ong
box' a"robbor,*Bo tho selfish loliofyr
nppllefl tho opprobrious opltliot 'sfiab',
to tho laborer who tokos from him'
food and flholter by being moro gon-
orotiB In tho dlspoaal of his lnbor powor, ,Tho Boritlmontal connotation of
'scab' is as terrific as that of 'traitor,'
word may be said for the scab. - Just
as his act makes his rival compulsori-
,ly generous, so;do" they ijy fortune of
birth and training, make compulsory
his act of generousness. ; He does hot
sca'b because he wants to scab.1 , No
whim of the spirit; no .burgeoning of
the.heart, leads-bim'to give more of
his labo'rj power' thai tliey for a certain sum'. ■' ,7v,'"'.;'
\"It is'-because;he cannot get work
on the'same1 terms as they that he'is
a scab'7 There is less work than there
are "men to, do work. This Is patent,
else the scab would not loom so large
on the labor'market.horizon. "Because
they are strongeryhan^he, ,or more
skilled, or more energetic, it is impos',
\sible for him toltake their places at
the same wage. To take their places
he'must give'more "value, must, work
longer-hours ■ or-receive a smaller
wage>y~*He does so, and he cannot.
fceV'it^fo'r'htewill 'to live'is .driving
him''ori as '.well /as they., are behig
driven, ori^by 'their will 'to liver; and
to..live h© ihust'wiii food and shelter,
.Which? lie can'-do only'by receiving
permission," to , work from some man
who;owns~aib!t of laud,or a" piece of
machinery^": "And,to receive permission from this man; he must make the
transaction profitable for him.
'.-"Vieved in-this light, the scab, who
gives more labor/power -for, a certafri"
pr'tie than his, fellows, is not so genev-.
ous af:eVall. /He is riot more.geaerf
ous with;his-energy, thnn^ the chattel
£la«-e srid', the;convict' laborer, ^vno,
by the y.ajvare'the most \,?rfeet- s^abs.
They rive their labor pqjver for about
the minimum' possible price. -;7r'Bj1;
within "mite, they/may,loaf and-"ma"-,
linger",'anh=.as>cabs, are-exceeded by
tho'inkchinehwhich neve- loafs and"
iect sc?/b. '• '.   - -f.-.„ 7 /  7 ■
tn ,~        ^ ^'     .       ^  ' > '.
"It is-not nlc© to be a scab.,,'Not
only is Jtriotin good.social taste and
comradesbli),1, but/from the-standpoint
of food.'npd-shelter it is^adi.buslnes8
polfcy. y"^ol)bd^ndeeii^/to^sca6,*'*"to'
giye^iribVt.for/least-■', The ambition of
every ..individual is quite, the opposite,
to give, least.for.mo3t; and as a result,,
living jn a .tboth-and-nall society, battle
,royal',,is'.waged by the ambitious individuals. ',-, But in its most "salient aspects, thatVof_ the struggle, over "the
division, bf^the, joint product, it is no
longer "'d/,-battle between .individuals;-
but between- groups . olio individuals.
CapitM^ahd iabor apply, themselves to
raw''material^ make' something useful
but', of It;/add to Its value," and then
prb'caed'itp quarrel over tho division of
vth^;"atfded.'Value. , Nolther cares to
glye1"moBt.,n}r .lonst. , Each is intent
on'giving jess; than tho other and on
receiving more.'.... «
'Iri; tho group struggle over tho divi
sion .of the joint product; labor utilizes
thb'.iinlon'.wlth its two groat weapons,
tho fltrlk'e and tho boycott; while capital' utilizes tho trust and thb assocla-
tlbK.^tho wonpons of which are tho
blacklist, the lock-out nnd tho scab.
Tho'Bcab is by far tho most formidable
of "tho"7 throb, ITo Is tbo man who
bre"aks"8trlhoB and causes nil tlio trou-
uk'.y Without him thoro would iio no
troulilb.jfor tho ntrlkorB aro willing to
romalnVut peacefully and doflnltoly so
iong-ns other m'oii aro not In tholr
■plaoos;' and so lonp: ns tho particular
aggregation, of capital with which thoy
nro fighting Is ontlng Ub bond off In
enforced idleness,
,  "Dut'bolli warring groups havo ro-
Borvo'weaponb.    Woro It. not for tho
Bcnli, > tiioflo wonpoiiB .would not ho
or 'Judas,' nnd n Bontlmontnl definition I brought,into play.   Hut tlio nenb (nkos
would bo nH doop and vnvlod aa tho
liimlnn hoart. It Ib far ciiBlor to arrive at what may bo called n toohnl-,
cnl definition, worded In commorolnl
torms, as for liistnnco, that n aoab Ib
ono who glvofl inoro valuo for the sanio
prlco thnn nnolhor,
"Tho laborer who glvos moro tlmo,
or strength or nkill for tho snmo wago
thnn anothor, or orpin] time or strength or skill for a lows wage Ib a Berth,
This ROriorouBnoaa on IiIb part Is hurtful to IiIh foUow-iaborors, for it compola
thorn to nn oqiml gonoroitandsa which
Uio.'pWco of .tlio Btrlkor, who begins nt
bncq to wlold ft mont poworful wonpon,
tbrrorlBm."' Tho will 'to llvo' of tho
flcnb.iwibllB froni the monnco of brok-
on bohoB.nnrl vloloiit doatli. With all
duo roBpoct to tho lnbor londoi'B, who
nro not, to bo blnmod for volubly nB-
povbrating othorwl«o, torrorlnm Is a
woll-doflnod and oinlnontly fliiccosRful
policy of tlio labor unions. It has probably won thorn moro strikes than nil
tho.roflt of tlio wonpons In tholr nrsio-
mil, Thin torrorlnm, howovor, muut
bo clearly understood,    It Is directed
In not to their liking, and which rIvob | solely ngnlnut tlm scab, placing blm In
mem Joan ot tood nnd abetter.    Hut u I such fonr for llfo and limb as to drive
hlin out of the "contest.. But when
terrorism gets, out of hand and Inoffensive, non-combatants are injured, law
and order threatened, arid ' property
destroyed, it becomes, an edged tool
that-cuts'both ways. , -This sort of
terrorism is sincerely deplored by the
labor leaders, for it has probably lost
them as many strikes as have been
lost by any other,, single cause.    '
" "The, scab Is powerless under terrorism.* ' As a' rule,' he is not so good nor
gi iuy a man as' the men he is displacing arid h'e lacks their fighting organization. He stands;in dire"need of
stitfening and, backing, .. Hjs employers, the capitalists, rdraw~their two remaining weapons, the; ownership of
which'is debatable', but \vhichthey for
the; time being happen * to" control.
The two weapons may-be called the
political and" judicial machinery-of society. When" the scab crumples up
and is'ready to go down before tb©
fists; bricks Ta'nd bullets of the labor
group, the capitalist group puts the
police and soldiers' Into the field, and,
begins a general-bombardment, of Injunctions. Victory usually follows,
for the labor,group cannot withstand
the combined assault'of gatling guns
arid, injunctions.- ■   , ' 7\
''• "But it has been noted that the ownership of the political and judicial machinery of society is-debatable. In
the Titanic struggle over the division
of"the Joint' product, each-group reaches,' out. for every available weapon.
Nor are they blinded by the smoke* of
conflict.-'"-.They-fight their*battle as,
coolly-and collectedly as ever battles
werefought-'bn -paper. - ^The capitalist
grbup"uhas^long,since'irealized that immense 'importance of controlling the
political -and-judicial machinery of sb-
"tioiy; y;sy. // *•' ■^~-   r~~-   yyy
"■\,.>    '.,<,t?'. •■      - T   ,
'-''Employers have only-to convince,
crcianlxed labor that, it cannot hold its
own against-the capitalist manager,
and/tlje^whple; energy' that now"- flbsa
toiJtlW'.'union/ivil^ltur'n. tb ■ an1- aggre-7
salve' pb/lftlca!.Soclaliim. y-r-i'.-- i .',•'   ''
•-./'.The,only honest morality displayed
by. either Bid© is white-hot indignation'
at the iniquities of the other sde. ,Tb©
striking teamster' complacently' "takes
a scab driver, into an alley, and with
an iron, bar .breaks his arms, so that
.ho can drive no more, but cries out to
high heaven-for justice when tbo-capitalist'breaks bis skull by means of a
club inthj© bands of a policeman.' Nay
the', members of a union will declaim
In impassioned rhetoric for tho God-
given right of an eight-hour day, rind
nt tho time bo working their own business agent seventeen hours out of the'
twonty-four. ....
."Civilization may bo expressed today
ln torms of trndo unionism.", Individual struggles havo largely passed away
but'group struggles Increase prodigiously, and tho thlngH for which tho
groups struggle aro tho samo as of old.
Shorn of all subtleties and complexities, tho chief struggle of mon, and of
groupB of mon ,1s for food nnd sholtor.
And, ns of old tho struggled with tooth
nnd nail, so to-dny thoy strugglo with
tooth and nails elongated' Into armies
nnd navies, machines nnd .economic
■ Slnco to glvo lonst for most, and to
glvo most for loaflt, nro' universally
bad, wlmt remains? Kqulty renmlnn,
which Ib to glvn llko for llko, tho samo
for tho snmo, nolther moro nor loss,
Hut this equity, society, nn nt pronont
constituted, cannot glvo. it is not In
thb nnturo of proHont day society for
mon to glvo llko for llko, tho Bnmo for
tho snmo, And so long ns mon contlnuo to llvo In this cnmpotltlvo no-
doty, Htrugglo toolli nnd nail with ono
nnotlior for food nnd Hholtor (which Ir
to struggle with ono nnotlior tooth and
nnll for' llfo), that long will the senb
contlnuo to oxlst, 1Kb will 'to llvo'
will forco him lo oxlst. ir<> may bo
flouted nnd joored by IiIh brothorH, ho
mny bo bcaton wllh bricks and clubs
by tho men who by superior strength
and capacity sent) upon blm as ho
scabs upon them by longer hours nnd
smaller wnges, but through It nil ho
Will uoralst   Hvlnp" n bit tlinrn nf n\t\a*
tor loaflt thnn thny nro Riving." -1
ence between me in'principle arid the
Magdalene Is that mine-is in' accordance with LAW,V whereas her's'is with-
out the pale?" ;Y   77'   ,.   •'    ; •
"Annie!^Arihie!' pleaded Jean, "sit
down, you are excited.' %.Is there.no
way,, out of,the dilemma? Why not
wait a little longer and try again?"'
"^'Jeannie! Jeannie,'dear you" mean
well, but I must shut out the .past en-
urely, crush Love's day dream, be-,
cause'It has an obverse side. A short
period"of ..exaltation,, then! then!-a
gloomy'outlook and benumbing existence, probably bring misery upon others.- whereas now I have at least tlie
pleasure, if such'I naay term""it, of
knowing ^that even though, my own
soul may be crusned ij; is not the
greaterevil, as I might be,the cause of
a duplication, of j,Ruth,;and. her little
ones." '"   ' ■        ' -   .-' -v    1
"Annie, ll see" you are- resolved, so
let me" sayt a few words and then we
will-drop7the subject,'.- booking at
the whole question from-a debit and
credit side: .Here are-the two t'posi-
tlons. > Marry Jack Martin and .with
the "constant-' struggle, the possibility,
of bringing hardship not pnly upon
yourself, but upon others, you refrain
from .taking "the,, step instead accept'
an oid man withjwhom.you can have*
little Incommonr yet the disappoint-
nients andjthe anguish are'limited to
the two of-yori. ,«'.        ' ..-.-i'v-        .
;.„ -"This, is! surely a hard, bard -world,
and .why, we are'.cpmpelled to suffer
it strike's-me that at/the" bottom of
all is'the economic'condition; because
with l your ^present, feelings-towards
Jack, if-you had^the means "tie and you
could.be mates and supreihely happy,-
but with things as they are you-will
simply outrage all .womanly sentiments
and be only, anl old man's toy. • Annie,c
I have made up my/determination not
to marry; except for love, otherwise I
shall remain'"a-spinster^ much as I detest such a condition,*"'andrwlll-spend
all my enegries in'flghtlrig^gystem
TirKlnTl'       Ittnl^An V*r A«^a A.v«     ^III.A    -.   mm*m anil
Forced Action of Strikers Leads tothe
Police Court   ;
This ..case, growing out "of, the Incl-  "
dent that took place at tho corner of
Howland' Avenue and Rogers Street,
on 31st October,  was brought to a
close, so far asevidence is concerned,
bn Thursday afternoon at the Council   .
Chambers. a Magistrate Whlmster will  "
first havo a transcript made of> the
stenographers notes, and "a decision is
expected to be rendered by Monday „
next. •   ,'       "       ,-■   ,     -
, Sherwood Herchmer, counsel for the
prosecution, acted'ori behalf'of-the
cityj vice Mr. Lane, of the firm of
Ross,  Lane  arid  Macdonaid,  the  regular city solicitor,., and likewise of
the firm*representing the Crow's Nest
Pass' Coal Co'.    The evidence submltt-°
ed by' the prosecution, given by the
various inembers of the Barr family,
was practically, corroborated as a point *
of fact, namely that one Alec Barr was
struck in the che*st, and that the assailant was the accused, John Sweeney. .
In the evidence given by Clark, Beev- -,
er, Corrigan, Climie and Joison, they=
were equally positive that, the accused
was upon the sidewalk at the time the.
alleged assault, took place./and that -
the riiembers of the Barr, family were'
In the road. ' „ *        ' 7 ". "j ' J.
L.'P.'Eckstein handled,the case for ,
the defence."'  -" ' "       , '      -*       y\
There were. several ..light passages -
at, arms between the-attending coun-
wllich"r"imakes^wpmen 'like -us-.sell
themselves "either /legally or illegally:
Of ..course"" th© ,'fl'urface'' tinkers,; 7the
reformers,' the' goody-goody element,'
mow  .noil     mA^'OAvlaaa ,l.-,'««tir/\i«o,tiIv '
BEiyand"psofire"- audible smiles, created 7"
by the evidence''of Corrigan"-, and/--
Beever. -- '"■ ~ ' y^ y -■";'' ',*. \
„'u Inasmuch as this case Js" at 'present ;
sub judice," conforriiabl© tb 'the'rule, we
;   - f>
ms,y .call. m© 'sexless.'L'unworoanly,' B,u^r ..    ..,	
>,nd/tbe>st:of/thar^.epitbej4.^t mak6 no' comment thereon,, awaiting
be pjitied;" and, nbw,;^Annle, marry .your'
■Mr.';H.,-live,-,your.r.bwn life, always
lopklng.forward to-jthe^day-of'dellvlir-
an.ee/from t^he,.fetters.:that' bind Kyou
and I will now say ho more.".    -,
NScarcelyr.wore the last words uttered when an auto rushed by,, scaring
the two horses,, which .dashed forward
afa terrific pace.,. The reins being
loosely held, the maddened "brutes
swerved', the two girls wero flung over
a.cliff and ,when .the passengers in
tho motor' car reached them." both
were dead. >' ■'•  ,-
, Thus-wo write,to1 the story of two
human unlts.-^-FINIS.'" ' ■
, ■ (Ed.—Wo- do1 not know what h'ap-
ponod,to,th"e bnlanco'of tbo M.S., but
a member ofvstaff,-wo bollovo, used
snmo to.light a;cIgar^-or keep himself
warm.'.   So lot "It go I),,,
iho "decision", of,the' magistrate before.-- „
(s0.doing.',';. : ,7'-'7.7,"^ '•-',.'/'■'7'7;'•"
'. The-case of Geo.;Linn;Jr.,%Will be,,
taken up on Monday next at two thirty, -'
wheh It Is expected that the respective- *
counsel .will occupy the same positions '
as)n that of-Sweeney.-'  7 -v7 ■'
LONDON, "oct. 31.—Somo startling
facts havo boon made ■ public hero
which ought to awaken tho laboring
clauses to tho systematic fleoclng thoy
nro lho victims' of by tho stockholders
of railroads,
Thoro aro 180,000 stockholders holding stock In tlio various railways of
Qroat Tlrllnln, each rccolvlng airnn-
mini prorit of $1,475. Tlinfja tho
profit of Idleness,
Tho nillwnyH nro oporntod by 581,000
men, who by working long hours dny
by day nnd wook by«weok nro ablo to
onrn In ono yonr only about forty
pounds a yonr, or exactly $211 In American money.
Think of tlio difference between
$1,4715, tlio profit of Idleness, nnd $211.
th© wngoa of Industry, Tho workers
will not tnlonUo much longer n system
whlrh hIiowb riueh gross Inequalities.
■ Latest Reports ' '     '"" •
Copper Is-firmer',' tin somewhat irregular; "lead "keeps up;    'spelter' unchanged;  iron, a shade • bettor; wool *
easier; cotton quiet;    cloth   moving ,
steadily; wheat, tbndoncy slightly upward; maize, moderate'demand;, lard,
slightly harder;   cottoloho  (capitalist'
butter) a llttlo easier; olive oil supply ,
Bhort; potatoes, domand lioavy; cows,"
sheep, hogs and -fish bringing good
figures.,  Coal minor, by'tho carcass,
llvo weight $1500.00, must bo ln good
physical condition, sound of wind and
limb, ablo to do maximum of lnbor and
mako no kicks, moral qualities not no-
cossary.     Ono log, providing it has
not already   been   dlHmomborod   nor
woodun, but has the necessary numbor
of bonos in, tholr proper places and
covored with flesh, principally musclo,
$500.00    Llko price for llko conditions
for "ono arm,     Ono oyo, providing
that vision has not already boon Impaired, $250,00,    Tills docs not Includo
gliiHs oyo,     For mnlniod hand, left
$250.00-,' right,'$500,00. lu tho ovonl of
It being (IIhcqvoi'uiI thut tlio individual
who loses his right hand Is left handed
ho will only got $250.00,    Ono finger—
vnrylng In prlco from $25,00 to $100,00,
according to the locution nn liiind.
Wo hnvo no i|iiotutlonH on ours, nose,
mouth, clu'olc, Htoiiincli, nnd Hiiudry
otlmr portions of llio iiiintoiny, but for
further jmrllnulaiH would recominond
our condors to wrlto Jno. If, .Ion«H,
owru-r of (lio Miuliiiiim Mlno, l'ltts-
burg, Poiiiinylviiulii.
.Should wt» r"i'«'lv«' any later quotations, or nny rhnngnH, will mnko
iiiji<j of ftiiino iimlor the propor bonding
"Tho .Mnrkot."
I havo tried that plan and It wob perhaps becauwo of It that my honlth wns
affoctod, My hrotlior John and I woro
^"."..."cri .;; c *iv.z.]i. &^.w, t.c ilwst'i.ku^
after,It while I wai nt work In tho
laundry, nnd wo hnd visions of a glorious futuro, but what lfapponodT Wo
could not compoto with tho larger es-
tabllfliimonts, although wo kept opon
longer hours and after a struggle this
had to be given up and with It our
Joint ©awing* were lost hnd* thr>
drefimB wo Indulged entirely dlapellod,
'This old man-1 hnvo promised to
marry would havo made me hla wife
a year ago, but I havo put him off,
hoping against hope that somehow iho
plana we laid bo carefully miffht turn '♦
out 8ucce«BfiJlJy, hut-- but—" (hero a j ♦
checked sob niopped lho flow of'*
apecch)"J«annlo, she exclaimed, I will !♦
mnrry this homo nnd you may blnmo
mo or not, but let .mo nsk you: Do
you not think thero Ib something out
of nrrtflr with tho vrnrlil wh/»« In v>»>!i«
of all our honost efforts wo nro compelled to sacrifice Ideal* for tho snko
of broad nnd butter? Now, Joannle,
don't Interrupt mo, bocnuso I may
bo bitter with mynolf, moro blttor In
fact thnn you would bo, but I am not
At Coal Crook io-day tho
four women brought up for
trial beforo Magistral*! Alo<c«
muli'r uriiUr the provision* *>!
th© Vagrancy Art woro dh-
only dealing with rnynolf aa nn Individual, but as n typo of victim thnt Is so
niiriievptiK that It Is it wondor that
jKiojiH- ouri'l rceogmxe the ovl); pt
Imp's thoy do., Tlio truth Is that our
stnndnrds of morality aro nil out of
plumb. A girl or womnn who hcIIb
herself without' tho sanction of tho
law, In othor words Is tlio mistress of
many, nnd not llmltrd to nn<\ li regarded as an outcast of society, who
glvf> no 'hoiifjht to the causes (hot
Iidvo forced her to a life of shame,
but In my esse thoro will ho a wedding
ceremony, the organ will pen! out,
iho pnrson will pronounro n benfdle
r; JLatest Dispatch Jrom Conference
Denotes Progress-Few Minor
Points Being Arranged
I'FrAVR,, Mtn, S'ov, 10,- Tlio ;ltu
Utlon liciti Is favonililo towards a «at-
' Ufnctory conclusion; tbo subcommittee will complete tholr work thl»
afternoon and It Is oxpocl<><l thnt the
i'on,'frlwtl«wlllion«:rMu1.Mcme-T>T»r;njwl)'>''> «»» «"*! «I>U <vwntn>r or lo
I mbf-rrtn*.     Th»»r*» nro on»> or two <vm
iho ovrt>Motit mntrh f^pr* rf'fru- Ir
i|« bii«KV *lie arrenm'-il almul) nnd
V<'t nm I lint nold lui* flu Mir«*|v n<* n
*lnv«» nt rlf block nnd tlo onlv dlffw-
IciiIIouk polntM which roqiiiro adjuM-
inr. but the Olfitilrt Rralo Commutes
will rcmnln firm In maintaining their
[ircvoun iiohUIuii, Wo do not, however, autlrlpnto any serious difficulty
regarding tbo aeltlement of «&mt».—
(The ntove telegram wa« hnndo/l
In wc. an* Informed, at 1 o'clock, but
o«-fnrr to dlfflcultlci jilnu^ lU ll-k*
Itetwcen hero nnd Frank It wn« not
de«pnlch«d until nearly    I)    o'clock
P Til.)
• ,>
-!, Off ■*■ ^vw-t
7-  '    -.^'iK'
'.'^Ci—'-£-\'.C -~' -'
7-..; • By. ■.;.;";:'
J. Ramsay Macdonaid
Sir Arthur Clay, of one or other of
the Anti-Socialist leagues, has written
a book on "Syndicalism" "(Syndicalism
( and Labor) which,has been welcomed
as a revelation by the press generally,
but which, neither in tlie information
it pretends lo' give nor in the discus
sion of the issues involved, shows the
least knowledge of the subject .beyond
-what one can gather from a few newspaper cuttings." The Paris correspondent of tlie Times has written this and
that about French Syndicalism, and apparently Sir Arthur Clay has used .scissors .and paste and stuck the paragraphs into a book. - The Anti-Socialist League has issued this statement;
Sir*Arthur,,Clay believed them (his
anti-Socialist credulity being as great
■ as that which enabled his ancestors to
believe in .witchcraft), and he has
stuck them 'also In a book. , The next
process was apparently for Sir Arthur
Clay to mix up the two books, without, exercising a particle of critical
common sense, and the result is sold
■ by the ancient firm of Murray at 6
shillings, and is welcomed by the
Times, the Morning Post,,and similar
organs of upper class opinion.    But I
„have one good thing to say of the
book. Its title is good. I propose
to take the title as autext, but to throw
the book into the waste paper basket
as a sermon.
Syndicalism is a word which' we
have.'taken from France, where it.is
used,(j to,indicate   not   merely   trade
, unionism,,but, a special policy, of trade
N union action. It is the movement
which, carrying the, dogma of' class-
consciousness to. its logical extreme,
declares that the workers alone can
emancipate the workers (though it is
-doubtful if this "must be-regarded'as
an essential part of the doctrine), and
that the way of emancipation lies
-• through working class organization on
a- trade union basis, federated, however, to a common centre so as to
lose its narrow trade . consciousness,
and using the strike as its weapon of
conquest. It is anti- (perhaps it might
be called super-) Parliamentarian. It
is revolutionary and^cataclysmic',' It,
is characteristically a- movement originating hr countries ' where tradition
and temperament are revolutionary
The time has gone by, owing to the
modern organization of militarism by"
the Great Powers, for a revolution of-
the old-fashioned kind. These, anojerit
excitements are confined,to the tber-
-'lan Peninsula and American republic's.
~~But the' spirit   that ' animates "* • the"se
revolutions ' has   transformed   itself
through syndicalism" "into   an   active
passivity; wheels from the barricades
' to the workshops and enjoys itself by
contemplating the same^ result from
passive resistance as our fathers contemplated from armed Insurrection.
Thus the general strike is a form of
revolution,     * ;'
This propaganda and faith are finding acceptance amongst sections of
people -everywhere. The Industrial
Workers of the World are syndicalists,
here, and not only in' France or Italy,
Thoir program is attractive . Thoy
wish to unite nil unions Into one and
then to paralyze society by a strike.
Thoy aro tired of tho slow - moving
parliamentary machlnos; thoy arb im-
patloht with tho tremendous resistance which society is offering ■ to
change;, they see In front of them'
cltndel nftor, citadel ovor which tho,
flags of prlvllogo proudly fly," and thoy
glvo up ln Impntlenco. the attempts
that havo boon bogun to undermine
thoso fortressos, and demand ft grand'
frontal attack. And ns I have said,
tholr planvon paper seems plausible.
As a matter of fact It Is moro llko
ono of thoso tricky delusions which
wo try to explain away Hi long winter
ovonliiKB than a plan of attack as I
shall try to Bhow.
Tho pivot of syndicalism Is tho general strike,, Tlio revolutionist of tho
A plonsnnt-fiicod littlo woman was
buying soinqthlnu for tho Imby In i\
drug store, and happened to notico u
bottlo on the show ciiko.
"Did you noil my Jim a bottlo of thut
"I certainly did, nnd liopo It helped
"Help lilm? Why lio jiiMt helps Iilm-
lolf tliCHo (lays, Used lo complain about
my cooking—wnlil it wasn't ns good ns
when wo wero fir.it murricd, Ilo had
only taken nbout half tlint bottlo when
I hnd to hide it or tlmro wouldn't hnvo
been a thing in tho hounu for the children
to cat. Ho simply cleaned up everything in night at tho tublo. Oh I tlio
■luff is nil riRht—T can recommend il—
and ho even thlnj;n my cooking Im.i improved."
Jim had complained tlint, ho wim overworked—didn't Ret enough excrciho—
had no ftnnet!tn--W!in prttinrr a bit,
cranky, and didn't, relink and enjoy his
Nyal'n Digpntivo Tonic and forget his
troubles,  Jim dropped in just to sny
that Lo has a great capacity for w ou        .    ,  „,
theso duys-cau accomplish |,lwico juj"1""1 «l»o remember wlwii, ll|1H hem
past generation prepared,- for * barricades and street fighting, ijUt nearly
everybody assumes that modern'mili-
tary equipment means that; that khld
of revolution is out of da^" j ^jg.
agree with.that explanation j -would'
rather _ say,-/that modern Social"relationship and political experjence h'ave
made revolutionary - actioi^^jffj^u.,
though, as~the recent acQon - Qj .-^
Home Office shows, it ha^ ^Qt ^^
ruled out of 'court :aitoge'tjjW:' - Tlie-,
habitual employment of ,n\}ijta ./ ,,
trade disputes would soon,&foduce"the
condition of revolutionary- *Cction'' The
position at the moment*' 1^ , nbt'^'that
street fighting, i snow onU^-.^
tlou, but that it is'weiymgij ,
siblo lo create the1 temper.which''is
preliminary to street flgfiti^g TJiat
Tor the purpose of discussi^g'the- |
oral strike; is,, an import^,. - disy,lc.
tion, for, the ■ disappearance of , y10
material influence upon the success 0j
the industrial -warfare of the' syndl.
calists. As a-"matter of fa^t tj10 syn_
dicalist revolution wll lhav^ to-depend
upon pretty much" the samV aGtermi-
natiori, kept going under fa,r iess dra;
matic and inspiring circum^tane€Bi as
was requisite for the success 0j y
physical force revolution.    "
The new revolutionary r^thod 'differs from tho old on one, very- jmt)or.
tant circumstance.' _'. The'\id Method
captured society by' force aild cowed
the {'opposition. There nmigl;lt bo'plots
against it, but it; immediacy seized
upon the executive auUiQrjty ,
trolled'the force's that wcr^ available
and put itself at the head ofv^ au'
thority of 'the.. State.. - Uhdo-ubte'd,y
that was a great advantage It- w
bound to produce some ki^d ^ a t
rant, and to create a purely personal
government 'which would 'bg gtrong
just in proportton as the so^ial change
aimed "at was or was.not'd^gp.gg^jj-
The1 victors* with an ar'n\y behind
therewith society subdued, ^j^ ^eir
opponents- frightened to o^ "'their
mouths, could go far with their''work
of social reconstruction b^(org- ^ y'
lost" their hold and the reatj(-jon coujd
gather itself- together. At best th6ir
doom was certain. , - They bad tb'fall
as the Communists failed,'^B "Marx t
last saw.they were bound to "fail But
they would have a brief-; c^anc'^'. Qf
demonstrating, their ability!,. ag "t^ '
Communists had. ,'•'• •■ v- ''"". '■*.. ..-,-'.,.,
.'."The.- new. revolutionary ■. Method
however, 'without 'giving1?any -^or^
promise bf-ultimate-succesi -,iQ„-i7,«o
-[—i-f— r^T ■■    '    '   I—» ^ ~~-* T "' 'M-vJpXX T CO
itself of the chances, of, the "temporary
success'for-which;the ofo fmetj!0rl
made some' provision. <t K'di)€8 ^
propose to seize upon the'f^rc^s ^j^
society has at its comman^.'fi^ j8 ,not
to subdue' or cow' the -Jopp0'sltjon - It
Is to bring things'to. a'- staij^gtjj]' 7 It
Ib only half:as 'clear-Bighted.> &^,t^
old mothod, for'that saw the' futility
of trying :.to e«ect""■.ayevbl^t•,6n'ary,
change except .Jby, the captUre 0j SQw
dial authority.- 'One has onjy to- thI ^
for a moment to see the a'0surdjty of
the now revolutionism in"%8- P0Bftect
Lot us suppose that th^ 8trlko- ls
succeeding. . The authority" wln t
and break it, and that will )ead to,the
employment of force. .Tro^p8 Wiij "lro
mobilized. As In Franco, tho 8tplkerB
themselves, will bo Impressed to ^efe^
their own-purposes; or, a^ herb the
nrW'Will.bo used for Uie-^ouW ' ur.
poso of keeping'tho indust^jaJ wheolB
going round, 'and of'. ^hoo'ting when
tho unarmed and^unpreparb^ crowds
break out Into rioting.. So, tho iByn.
dicalist cannot avoid his rovoliitlon
ovon;if.,ho trios.,. The old revolution,
lot know his business, facoVj.^ faclg
laid his plans; tho now rovolutloniBt
doos riono of thoso noceBStxry things
The old revolutionist was nlways ,m;
prcpurod for, the day nftof,lho iwoln,
tion; tho now ,rovolutlonlHlB lg unp,.c.
pared both tor tho day nftor and t)l^
day boforo his triumph.
Hut thero 'Is" (mother lli\0 oI ftr_u#
mont moro Important still |0 |)0 do*
yolopod. It Ib Homotln^g-^,,,,^"
that tho coiirBo will ho tho .....m, ■ ,,.
i ii i   . .     .       Hl'ldO, 101-
lowod by floclal paralysis, t))0 poftM>
fnl triumph of tho workort,. Poml)|nft.
tion, tho fistiibllBhrnont of n0,,|ft| (in.
mocracy, I nm confined by l))0 j|m)t(j
or nn nrllclo In tho prosont ,nfltn
and ho I rnnnot dlscusB In i\„y fUn,10HH
tho cloHsnl aHsiiniptloiiH i|l)0|, w)|lfi])
such nn oxpoclatlon roHts.s T|l0 ,'
cosflfii) tornilnntlon or onoh of those"
stiigoH dopends upon so mn)ly ul,n|toly
clrcnmstancofl Hint the pro^ftm |fl „kJ
tho plnn by which n Montft Cft),,0
gnmblcr bollovoH ho con bronj{ . t))0
bank. I can only deal with ono of ,|)0
assumptions In-io, mid I nhn]] H(j]oct
that which, so far as I knoW( ,m8 ,miI
by far nnd away lho leant „„,„,,„t ot
thought bostowod upon It, ^m. '..
general strlko paralyze HO(iln(y^
My rondors miiut roinoii^cr whftt x
Imvo nlrendy wrjtton nbo\,t Mm nm.
pio>in«.'in oj loict/ by inojie Sv]]0 rotn)n
IU> *m rutin wuliwUj- in b0fl, t    f
Ui.il will bo the effective       £
ngalnHt n complete pnrnlyy^     ™
make thie fatal mistake'of calculating
that, time'will obe on 'tfieir isi'de. 'Exactly the oppsoite.is true.' 'Time will
-work, against them. .However complete'the general-strike is to be)''it is
only to affect',' eyen^to' begin with, ja
majority."' -There will be a minority
holding ,'the same opinions as were" expressed by the suburban dwellers during^ the/recent, railway troubles. They
will'represent the resistance which
society must Always-1 offer to sudden
change. Then there will be a*'great,
number of s men' who will become unemployed without in any way sympathizing with the,strike or'its purposes",
They will bo ', the shopkeepers, tiie
business men, and > great' sections of
the working classes. As' the strike
proceeds and the price of food reaches
famine levels,and its scarcity becomes
chronic, the ranks of,the malcontents
will be increased.s One could watch
the processx the ' other day'. .The
strikers, every.'day that/passes,' -bo
comes, in the eyes of an increasing
number of- people, not the; savior but
the enemy of society. ' His assumption
is-,that as the days go, society will
become more helpless in his hands;
the fact is' that after tlie ffrst two or
three days, society will begin to "organize itself against liim because s'o:
cioty, as well as . the individual, is
moved by the Will, to Live.' .Volun-;
tary organization' will begin, as in
Sweden when, during the' recent
strike, a fairly convenient public service of necessary activities was ken*'
going by amateurs' and other voluo
teers. Coachmen drove cabs, gentlemen manned ferryboats,' citizens vol-,
unteers cleaned the streets. ''. Meanwhile the'strain upon organized labor
will be increasing; The forces operating upon it will be disruptive not unifying.;, And during the whole1 of this
time the energies of the labor organisations will be absorbed in purely de*
structive work. They will not, be
called'' upon for any reorganization;
they will not be able from the very
nature of . their . program to arrange
public; services whilst they "are carrying, ou- the .general strike, for that
would'th"en»:be undoing .the-work they
had' set out' to" do in the first instance.
They .could not, .for instance, seize
factoriestbwork them as public con-
cernsl(for the. simple reason that they
would.not have the power first of all,
that'they could not organize the work
under-such circumstances, in the sec-
og_dipIace.'''and. finally, that sunh an
much ns before,
color. Lot* of us put lik'o Jim. Ilcttcr
try a dollar bottle. It'a worth while,
If you try this remedy wo know you
Will be plcancd. Nyal Remedies wo sincerely believe to bo the Lent raodicine
valuo* offered. 10
For Hnle In Pernio nnd rjiinrnnieed by
written showing thnt It In only ,lmlw
.ja. i..«. v«*i».W «[onniHtancos
that n general ^trlko wllh, pur<tly |n.
diiBtrinl or revolutionary n|nm cnn ,)n
declared successfully. Hut jot l]B n
sumo thnt that Is not lnflnoncln t)|(J"
Hltuntlon at all, that thQ trftn8port
norvlroa nro hold up, that lllft
kets and shops nro close^ Mmt t'lj(j
workubops nw> flonfrloA, \vhnt f I.
Tho propagnndlBlB of »H'inrtustrlnl
Workers of the World Imv& now t
calculated tho forw, of Um op ,.
tion At (he stage of Solution to
which    mv   riw.rlii.hMi   ^ [i)M
havo brought them, tho Uyno,Cftll8tl,
attempt,-would only add to tlie'diffi-
ciiltlesyf the. strike organization by
compelling it to face'right away every
problem .of national' production and
distribution.,. The fact'is, the assumption'of a progressive paralysiB is false.
Society will at'once take stepB to recover command-of itself.- It will not,
yield to the general ■ Btrlke, it will resist it-. On the day of his first triumph, when.' he declares his strike, the
Syndicalists signs his own death war-,
rant and puts the noose about his own
neck.. '      •'
This' action of-self-preservation is
will-illustrated by what happens'in
living bodies.' 'The subject has'been
by'"no means fully investigated,' but
Metschriikoff's observations have madb
a firm",bcglnnlng, In, living bodies
there are certain phagocytes or cells
whose functions' Is'; to render the organic Hfo,immunq from disease, When
death or destruction threatens?, theso
cells becomo specially active both
physiologically and' chemically.,' 'This
ls the basis of tho modern Borum, treatment of poison's, Society, too, has'its
phagocytes. ' They nro interests, pro
jiidlcoa, habits. They becomo suddenly
active when tho proper lmpulso ls applied to thorn, Thoy gather round
tho danger, points nnd Btrlvo to over-
como thoroyllB that threaten social
life, Thoy work by forco' -r physiologically, thoy also work by. opinion—
chemically. A revolution which is of
tho nature-of a now birth mnturod
nmi propnrod finds thorn Of assistance;
ono which proceeds by paralyzing life,
ono which is of tho naluro ot "political crime,' as defined by LombroBo,
finds thorn antagonistic Wo havo a
Rooilly numbor of sclontlo Invostlgn-
tors ln our rankBj not a fow are road-
or« of this rtovlcw, Horo Ih a study
which thoy might'well pui-Riio, Tho
nppllentlon or Motachnllroff's physlolo-
cliil theories 'to sociology Is'a tusk
lying undone, but appealing lo bo
dono, Tlio doing of It wouldbo n contribution lo sociological theory of tho
first Importance. Suffice it for the
moment for mo to point out that tho
Syndicalist thoory of Boclal chango
through social pnrnlyBln Ib not only
nbBiird' from tho point of vlow of tho
practical reason, but Is contrary to the
toachlngs of solontlflc (sociology. It Ib
foredoomed to a disastrous ending. ,
I Hum up mv nrrniYimir. Tho now
rovoliitlon which Syndicalism nnd Its
ndvocntos of the IndiiBtrlnl Workors of
tho World contomplnto has avoided
none of tho errors and pitfalls,of lho
old, but il has addod to them ft'whole
series of Its own. It hns nov*»r con-
flldorod tho problems which It lias to
moot. It Is, as expressed In tho Out'
look of this month, t\ moro oscapado
of tho nursery mind. It Is tho product
of lho creatlvo Inlolllgonce of tho man
who Ib lmpatlont because It takos tho
earth twenty-four hours to wheel
round tho sun.
It has, however, attached to Itself a
movement mado noccssary by tho evolution of modern capitalism, and the
modern Stato. Tho day when the disconnected and ftoctlonnl union could
servo labor has ended, Tho twilight
Munk Into night with too pmmliiKol the
p!d century, Uut, the absorption of tbe
sma,ll:sectional union and;the federation of the unions covering theVhole
of separate trades- Into a united na-.
tional,organization with political as
well as industrial functions, is hot' syndicalism, but the very opposite. ; It is
political Industrialism, and wherever
Syndicalism has raised -its Caliban
head, whether in France or America,
in Holland or in Great Britain,, it has
declared war on political Industrialism.
The hospitality which, the 'Socialist
movement^has offered-, so generously
to all kinds'of cranksi and t scoundrels
because'they professed-to; he in revolt
against the existing order.has already-
done our movement "much1" harm., Let
it not add Syndicalism to-the already
too numerous.vipers which,;', in the
kindness of its heart, it is" warming on
its hearth stones.—The, Socialist Review. ■   .      '      ■     •,.'•'*-
This is. One Way of Getting Your Name before the^ Public   ,
lng at Bellevue.-:    ,      ,,,-"''
PliSTRO  GRli-; Italian,   working at
'   ' Passburg.'•-■j.-,' \  ■ .    .       ■   "'„
In order that the' public may see
that wo have treated John' Moxlm
fairly would say that?thls man has not
paid ."any union dues^ for nearly "two
years.. Yet we gave him supplies just
the same as if he were' ln good standing. He received $31.00 per month
for •', five . months ',' for - himself,
wife, /and six children." In spite
of this he went to >work and prevailed on, others 'to work in the Blairmore Mines. This 'same man has
more than once received blank statements- ufter'working a* full month at
Lille mine.-   ^ ,   -'.".'
Kindly-insert -this in the. Ledger
and.oblige, '•'"     - ' . ;
. ',   .. // .'' „     W. S. EVANS,
.- 7"f   .     • '.   Sec. Local 1233.'
. ..AFTER KHER HARDIE     ,    ■
'■ '.""7,      '    . '    "'; -^ ->■-.. ■ i   -
t/LONDONrOct.,31.4The Liberals are
out for Kelr Hardle's scalp, i.-The uncompromising Socialist"."hasV been' go-
ing.up and dovm'tbecountry;condemning^ the vgovernment,'.-particuiarly for.
its action in*calling" out"troops at the"
,'tlme of the railway-'strike. 'Lloyd-
George'" took ,tb'e^lead 'when be) gave
Mr. Hardie',a-dressingdowh-in Jlie1
House of C6mmbhs7' which,' however,
mado the* Socialist leader," bitterer^than
ever and-bis attack'^have been'7 so
severe that |even the labor' leaders havo
had to fepudlate^them.-,;:;;'The- Liberal
revenge is to; take trie .form of opposing the re-election";*"of :Mr.^ Hardl©'for
Merthyr-Tydvil. ,,4.Hardle is a Scotchman,'ajid has'not'beeh'.able'to manage
the;language15tWaies,7 To most of his
constituents Welsh; is, their native tongue. '~: The Liberal''campaign against
Mrl Hardle is therefore-to. be carried
on in .Welsh, which, the chancellor of
the exchequer and most of the Liberal
leaders can talk as well as they can
English, and it' generally .carries-1 a
Welsh",,audience. • Whether : it will
wean the Welsh miners from Itheir Socialist member remains to be seen.
"3d. Doctor's" Statement at an Inquest
, "I get 800 cases of indigestion1 every
week ,and they -are all due, without
exception to errors of diet," every one."
This statement was made at,an,inquest at Hackney'recently by Dr. H.-
P; Jelly, the- Honierton 'threepenny,
doctor." 7 . v .
-The coroner .(Dr. Wynn"w§stcott)
suggested that if Dr. Jelly had such a
To trie, Editor, District Ledger:,' 7 .
"Dear Sir.^ThV following resolution
was passed by a mass meeting of Gladstone Local-' oh Thursday, Nov.," 2nd,
1911:     ■";'-■',     ' ,•",..'
R ESOI". V E D"Tt harirTviewofex I st-
Ing'cohdltlori'scwe, the members of
, Gladstone.Local, No. 2314 U. M. W.
of A., and citizens of Fernie,. do
hereby petitlori.'the Attorney General of the-Province of British Columns that trials,by Jury be discontinued In Fertile.     . ■',
T. UPHILL,,' ' "-
The following members of Gladstone
Local,' No. 2314i-U. M/fy. of A.,'.have
been expelled from-tb©1 organization;
for,.the offence: (. ' , y:'; 7 -., v7
WILLIAM BARR, 'senior, Scotch.'' i
WILLIAM BARR, junior, Scotch, ," ■ '.
HUQH;.BARRp Scotch. '    "■*,   "
WM.^ARNETT.'.'cblorod.'1     .7
T. DRUMWRIGHT, .colored
R. HOWARD, colored^,''.'... i
JOHN VENDO; Italian;,' " ' ,y.'
PRANK SPROVIBRB;'' Italian.   ."
FRANK KARDIMONA',' 'Italian ',
TONY KARDIMONA, Italian. ■' -., ,
JOE.SOERIA, Italian. ',"     ' , '
JOHN JOHN (known'us) Italian'.',
LOUISE COROIREA, Italian.-'  ■
PETE ARCTJRIA, Italian.' '
6 MUSTAGIO, Italian. ., . •"• .,v.
ANGELO SPINO,, Italian.,     • • •:   f
WM.' POTTER, KngliBh. ,;'-  .
In tjio case of Wm. Barr, aohlor, It
is notable that ho had only paid $0.75
to tho organization, ,nnd during tho
prosont strike has received twolvo sup-
pi I os of provisions valued at ?9,G0 each
making a total of ?li4.00
. In tho caso of Hugh Barr, this person has pnld $3,30 to tho organization,
and hns received during tlio present
strlko provisions to tho.total valuo of
¥54.00.   ■
•T. UPHILL'; Secy,
large practice as that they would probably hear of his retirement before
verv'lring.'" .    . / ' 7     '-,' \ 7 -
The,, question ^turned "on- the..impro-
per "feeding of> children, *'and "the witness remarked to the,coroner: "If you
saw. what,I see,, you would, be .astounded."/, ,"-.." .. 7 7 ' 77 7 '
- Incidentally Dr. Jelly mentioned that"
he and.his .boy lived- bn^'lOs. a. week
while he; was working: for his degl-ee.
V.You' can."Hyo^'onr4s*."a week';quite
well," he "said,—Evening. NewB,'' London., ,>' '  ■.- '■'      7,-    -■        '.'     . \vl
; A large'number of workmen are accepting-the,'advice recently gjven in
Reynolds's "to agree with the-suggestions'of • their leaders to amalgamated
Thus lt,,jis'.that'the Amalgamated So-
ciety of Carpenters' arid -Joiners^and >\
the Associated1 Carpenters' and 'Joiners -' -
representing 68,000 members, have }ust7 .
Joined forces; 'and the textile workers y"
of the West'Ridirig of.„Yorkshire have' _y"
'arranged a ,wbrkiiig" "agreement^-; -■A''77H'
general meetuxgr7bf "the Provisional". ;'•"
Committee for the"c"onsoliatlott'of\the("7
building industries'7-Trade Unions into;' -
one industrial organization,'wll be held,,-,.
at the'BrckIayers""'Hall, 58i'Soutb.wark-^-"
Bridge. Roa^', Londbh^'S.' E. .;7 \v;e:nee&~ ^.^
hardly' emphasize''.'the-'/facf "that fthe'"',-;7,
spirit of consolidation is."adva"ncing71n -•*7-
leaps and bouhdsV'and 'memberB.bf.aliy ;
the.building trade unions are'lnvl^d",tb'i- '
thls'mosC important "meeting.-7Rey- "■ /
noMUf.V;^: fy^Vr :"".> 7'" ? 'f-U
The .Ledger for Results
60  YEARS'
v.. I
Tbade Marhio .
- .. Debiqns - I:
Anyone lending s'tketoh and deacrlptlon m»y
qnloklr uoarUlu our opinion free whether an
lnreotlon U probably patentable. Conimunlca..
ttoMtlriotlTWnfldentuL HANDBOOXonFfttenta:
tent trea, Oldeit agency for oecurtng Mttmta.    <
. Patent* taken tbronsh Unnn A Co.recelv*
tptcWnoUn, without charge, In tho
Scientific Jhttcricaii.
ahmadwrnely Ulustrated weekly, tamest oi
jalatlou of any tclentlflo Joarnal. Terms t
Oanadt, ta.75 a year, poetaco prepaid.. Sold 1
11 aeiTMealere.   ',.., -' ,,"    >
A baadaomely UluBtrated weekly, tamest olr-
calatlou of any tclentlflo Joarnal.   Terms for
 . r^    "--far
niunn ft Ciy«e8BM»*«*'' New York
Brand) Offloe, 6£> V BU Waahlngtoo, V.O...
■ - • -vi-^ I
».-,'"-, V\
fflalBank of (MM&
v7; ,.;v-    ,,     . -:headoffice, Toronto".v•.
Capital Authorized ......"$10,000,000   Capitai ",Sub8cribed>-'"v ■' ,6,000,0007
Capital ..Paid7 Up- .. .'.'7       5,944,278   Reserve';Vurid w.:.. :V.".S:' B,944|278^
; ';t'D7'RvWILKIEl'Prestaent HON. ROBT"jAFFRAyfwici-Prt^-y
7' 7- .   ^BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA 7« 7      ^''^
Arrowhead, .Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, kamloops,'Michel,' Moyie, Nelson,
7 ,   7-      .■   . Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria'..,7 .,'7 '.'.,   -7' j
-'   '-- y -    -. ,   ,' SAVINGS DEPARTMENT y, 7".  7?".7'/    ■.-.':   -
Interest allowed on deposits at current rat'efrom date''of' deposit. ' "
FERNIE'BRANCH . ,.    .GEO' U B.i BELL, Manager "„
i.5 .
\ • .'■■: -,-""'■' NO* TROUBLE;';.v:'';>/i?
•\ -"' ..- :• 7 -7</;-.-.:. - -"-- ;'n-t- -'4->'
.> had,in,India and Africa in-utilizing.7,
-.-Mr. Elephant"'as.a-burden bearer.,<■'
'  .^'77 5'.., 7 y''-;>y.-y":-i:':-    '
y'"',£■'"this yard"-''" 	
to wherever, you want .It.,;;' You',
I .needn't carry it away by piecemeal^
\ 'but-just' askus'an'd we 'deliver it'.asV.
■" you want it. '■*.•>■'.      '   .' '-i f.", : -''"
; j.----.    ..y\ -. .- 7 y*^'-j7■
' '  "»"  ' ""7  "LUMBER '"^-'K. %*'
■> '..'-- i. .       ■  i  -.    ;  -
■'    All sizes at' this yard.' 'i     „    '• '.
-,  •'.;-'","•  "-,;;..•   '-■.■.   '.7'.;7  >■ ■;
L'nrtlcolo compurBO aul, I'lj'Bra
Nuovn," non obIoIo u'ohltto'.noanco
Idlnto dl nossuno del mombrl cho.fnnno
pnrto dol "Circolo Oporalo Itallrino
XX.Sotlombro, M.S." cobI duhlarlnmri
l'artleolo fiilso,   -.
Lille, Alta, Nov. 1st, 1911,
To tho Editor, District Ledger,
Dear Rlr,—At a Bpoolal mooting of
our Locnl tho mombors passed a roaolu
Hon nn follows!
"That, wo oxpol tho following mom
hers from tho U. M. W. of A/ for
. ...uki.if,   ill   w.li   t,i.,.L.i>, (.
■TOTIN MOXTM, Plnvonlnn, wort«1flff
tn Tllalrmoro.
MUCH MOXIN, Slavonian, worhlng
nt Ulnlrmoro.
S. ONYBOIIUK, Slavonian, working
N. KOBTIUK, Slavonian, working at
Ulnlrmoro, i;
P. HI.N'Z/AXSKI, Slavonian, working
nt Ulnlrmoro,
K.  HUaBT,  French,  working  at
A.   11U0I5T,  French,  working   at J
FFIANCIBCO PAftlSI, Italian, working nt Ulnlrmoro,
ANOIilx) nuiUTO, Ilallan, working
nt Hlalrmore,
ANTONIO     MI8UIIACO.     Italian,
working M Uollowc.
VKANOI8CO     AMERATO,   Italian
working at Bolleme,
7 '■ v ■       .,   ' y   .'«' ■'"   •'../     '■ '. :   ' '  ' V' '     '."■!'•    • ,
■    '.    " -., .■'     ".,,.' ."■ -'" ■ \:. " " ■ ' '       -       ■<"'.'     '.»'';.'..■   ,,■
Spend   YouriMoney  with  These
,♦ ¥♦„¥ ♦ *♦*> ^'♦.¥ ♦ ^♦¥ ♦ ¥'♦ '*■<►*♦.¥♦■¥ ♦ ¥♦ ¥♦ V''^,*^'^,V^ *¥,*"♦'^'j%.'
J.. ii:'" -   ' *7'•   '    /■'.. ■■■».-.  - .y-r-yH^y ■ -    -   -
♦ .
'•k .
*,. ■."
♦ .
♦ •'■
♦ ■'
♦ .;•
*' '
•k  t,
♦ ■'
♦ .
■k - .
♦ -.
♦ ■
•k   „
■k   :.
•♦?   '
: General-Merchants  y
TrlteB-Wood Co,' 7   ,'■ ';
Crows Ne«t Trading Co..;       .
;.;,  , ,   Philip CaroBclla
. Weber's 8tore7Ltd,
"41" Market Co.
Calgnry Cnttlo Co,
Fernie Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fertile Hotel
Central Hotel,
Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
Roynl  Hntol, Nfdison
Real Estate
C. R. Lyons
M. A. Kaitner
Joe Qrafton
J. D, Quail
TrIUs Wood
J, M. Agnew A Co* Elko.
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton
Your Bank Acct:
Bank 'of Commerce ;
Bank of Hamilton'}''''-,'
Home Bank ' '   !;,'""
Imperial Bank        y
. 1 7.,',—'
Lumber Supplies
'     Kennedy & Mangan,
. Fernie Lumber, Co.,  .
«   ;l,  ■    •     .
Billiards and Pool
i i        *
VA Ingram, Club Clq^sr Store.
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co,
P, Carotella. -.'.',    '
,.        ( .,	
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
, Over the C. P, R,
Second Hand Store
,    y   ■ ' :-'W
JVhen you 're. dry
' i        *
Mint* Extra     '  " -■■ .>,
Livery & Cartage
Qeorga Barton
Professionals •
. Dr. Barbir
Rett, McDonald and Lane
Eckituln dl MoTaggart
Law* A Fithar
.<\ '.'■" ■"■' '* ";^7{;:yy^&7~1y*<y.-x-^""' --V- •'..'   -• '•■  -v .'v'"-'.,,\\7.^y'i>7-',''-k''•- \-u   ■ "",-.-f ■   "/7-:'7"-
-y * •• -** ■ ■
&^m;: '^'yyy-y ^\-':M^?.v^ Miy*..;.-A
"** "IdtWf^e ^Tnkultikz mdnner;
7>77y .k y-  7'7''-7 &V^	
' •'T-'t-x-'.;;--
-.»-! '«i"
.. ■■*S»m;'..  '■,
i'^V''/:'"-'"'LONDON,—That* the' general labdr
J4.^"t-"situation in' Great.Brltainis still-very
V,'' unsettled and the prospects of another
y titanic '• struggle, between'' the bosses
y-v .../and'the "workers ;arb' not very remote,
' \ y Xis^stiowtt by tlie1 following, summary" of
k'-'cr- Present ..conditions appearing in the
ffib-.' J^abor-Leader/7;'7 r(y iV'Vj'-''. ' ' K
f^-V',, yThe*Bltuatiori;on the".railways does
'V 7-^not'grow, less,'menacing.';"'The evi-
B{'>' „:r't dence ■ of . Lord" Claud, Hamilton and
-,;y. other, directors before7 the ' Railway
This is to notlfy\any'mem-'
ber of'the tf., "&.-;"W7,ot.->A-
found guilty "oi making-false
, statements" with a view* to Obtaining relief will boprosecut-7,
"ed and forfeit, all rights,"of
membership."   .7 -..   ; '"
(.Commission cannot be' characterized
otherwise"' than. as an insult' to the
l^'ySTrade"-Unions, "and'.tbe.men. are justly
"4:'%'"indignan£ v4lr. T. Eowth, secretary of
yythei General WorkersV Union, speaking-
'.;;',',.at Darlington,'on Saturday; urged rail-v
' '\.-wa.y servants to1 prepare for-another
7  ' strike.   "It is my duty to tell, you;" he
., '."'said, ','th'at.'I'believe the "companies care
• . going W put up a fight, and it is neces-
7- > sary that, you-should "put up; one "as
, iy well.   It Is necessary 'that' you should
y    make  all  preparations* possible,-, be-
iy  cause all, prepaartions for war are al-
- ways made in the time'of peace. -Now-,
'*'- ■   we-are'at" peace, get.'on with  the
-    ' preparations a's.quickly as possible."
„ ,'., 'f, The revelations during the recent
r' -./ strike of the scandalous conditions of
.-*,. < labor-on the. railways* aroused' much
v '- •  indignation, 7and; it' was genrally as-
■ - ' ^sumed'that'wages should be increased.
,J ."The "proceeds of the..Railway Comiais:
sion have somewhat wearied, public
*   ,   interest, but this opportunity,of secur-
' 7jng!' a' Jiving wage must1' not be lost.
^     ' If •necessary the public must be given
'  ,."vanother,' shock.-".   y7      3'y--
'    ;   ■ The rank arid file are far from^satis-
i    - fletl "with the 'present',situation. -Meet-
;',„; they', are "'eager to fight for-"a. bold
-. ,,;• program'-;;of-^increased , wages   and
-,-yshorter.hours7. At Glasgow^ the Anial-
- ' gamated;,A8sociation of Railway Ser-
.   -yants have(adopted,a resolution urging
'.-^{hat the Anions', should, demand such
concessions, whilst at another Glasgow
meeting Mr. James Kiddle/an.'engine-
'driver, complained that'.the1'leaders
' were, not • sufficiently militant.;, The1
'  setting up,of the RaiIway{CommlsBlon,
7he said, was, not thowork of,the rank
* '.and, flhybut'-of.' the,lenders.   - There-
' fore1 the. rank "'and, file had a-right to
say that-they would not be tied down
y .to any finding of tho commission. "
, ; .',, .Many of; .the loaders, .he asserted
;   -lloomed'Ho' -hoyo-' lost touch'with tho
rank and flleT'but if they .did not put
;   on' a firmer front tho men were do-
' terrnihod to kick ovor. tho 'traces and
• • lead themselves,
l „-r a
Commission is, issued.!- '.The official
further.stated tbat.a-laVge number-of-
applications for' sectional" movements
for improved, condition's had'.beeh sent
up,to headquarters, but the executive
had decided'not to sanction any such
movements until after the findings of
the" Royal, Commission are .issued,
when thes executive state, an entirely
new position Vwili" be created, "and one
which will.enable any.movement to
be much more effective than would be
th© case at .present'.'!. " '■'
"; "At the time of; writing the strike bn
the'Irish railways is, in a,critical'posi-
toh. r;-'The,wb6le.' railway.- systemV'^in'
the South of the island is completely
paralyzed, but' 'division' of opinion is
seriously affecting, the strike'.in, the
North:"' 'The Amalgamated"Association
of Railway .Servants is,not strong in-
Ireland, and it.was onlyMiu!response
to the Insistent demand 'bf the, Irish
executive that,at general [strike was
declared. Unfortunately the engineers
and'firemen do not. seem' • to bave
thrown in .their lot-with the general
body of railway servants, ■ and the
Irishmen appear, to be'.'rather bitter
because the men have'not been called
out in England.-The executive, however, are still in-a-fighting mood, and
threaten  to take", action1'which' -will
force matters'to an issue.' •      ';
-1 -.  '".. -'». -• .      , '-■-     - -
•The strike ,on7 the; Great/Southern,
the largest, of .the Irish systems, could
scarcely ,have7been^ more}, complete.
'The general manager"confesses he'will
have .to^clo'seAdoWn'.uhless^the Government comes1 to^hls aid, "and; military
engineers have had7to" drljire' tli^1 trains
necOssary, for .the'moveimentiof troops.
placV of "engine drivers bn*bther"than
merelyz-military' trains.'however.f' The
Times\rep6rts'i'"*ait;'' instance lot.> army
englneers^drivirij;,'a "regular, passenger,
train, and ^the. Dally Jillrror^ has pub-'
lifched' a photograph of an ofllcer coal-,
in g an "engine.^"' Labor, members'; shouia
put questlonsvon,/bls,.polnt\'t6'."the responsible Minister "as soW.as 'Parliament assembles. -' ,     ■'-.',",'''
", .       •' S.   " '"I .'-     >-
7,,., Magnificent Solidarity . y
The soldlarlty displayed "in ,'.' tho
strike rivals anything exhibited In-*be
recent upheaval. The whole dispute
has arisen out of tho refusal of porters to'handle timbers delivered by.
blackleg onrters. The Bame spirit has
been evident amongst other workers.
Mr,' Dont, manager of tho" Great
Southorn, Is^ naturally, indignant about
this.''  ■.'/•/*,.-    - i;   -
passenger, on board, th© rest, of the
crew refused-to sail with him.'. The
captain, therefore, left him ashore.
,        .      .. -   - -      , *.    .--   * * ■*v
. The "Barry Railway Company shared
with *" tho Northeastern _ the ." distinc^
tion of having conceded the' recbgnl;
tion of the unions.. Tbo advantages of
recognition were illustrated In thev settlement of a dispute which had arisen
over the question of a sixty "hour
week.' Mr. J. H. Thomas; M..P., had
an interview with the general manager
on Thursday, and within two hours an
agreement was reached.' \.'A:"maes
meeting of men accepted jthoterms^as'
entirely' satisfactory on Sunday, plf'
the Barry Company had '.refused , to
meet Mr. Thomas, as is the custom on
other'lines, the dispute wo&ld • probably have dragged over'many months
with endless,bitterness.and friction. ■,:
s'-The proceedings of. the Railway
Commission during the past week
have been noteworthy by reason of the
sympathy Sir cRatcliffe Ellis has revealed, with the policy of recognition
of unions'. 7 Sir Ratcllffe is himself a
coal ownersj and as an official of an
employers' association which has long
conceded , recognition to the Miners'
Federation:, It is evident that experience Has convinced him of the advan-'
tages of negotiations with the men's
officials, for he puts this^'iew forward
again- and again. Indeed, on. this
point, he is .almost as,, relentless ,In
catechising, the companies' representatives'as is "Mr. 'Arthur. Henderson.  ,
'' After the Commission7-
* -. • .
-. But -the officials seem "to'be alive
to thb feellrig'tt'mong tho general body
of Vnllwaymon. ? A prominent momber
of tho, executive ,haa stated that they
ore dotormlnodyto',. socuro' improvod
conditions, of labor as the. rosult of
,tho proBent agitation,' ' Tho dxecutlvo
,of tho Amalgamated Association of
Railway Servants, bo added, had instructed tholr gonoral secretary to at'
onco communicato with tho gonoral
sqcrotarloB of the,, other throo unions
concerned, aBklng thorn >'If • thoy - are
prepared ,to moot In Joint conforenco
■Immediately tho ropcirt'o! the Royal tho work of tho porters by carrying a
"I hoar that,the minors ,aro refusing
to hew coal for tho timber firms,' ho
Baye, "and I believe wo cbuld;not buy
broad forthb-mon who remain oh tlils-
station hero'If. It were-known thb'
broad was.for u».. \Tako the jaunting
car drivers.' Legally thoy- must carry
anybody, 'and'thoy ban-bb prosecuted
If thoy rofuBp7.;But whon' men woro
coming ovor to ub ifromvManchoBtor
yestordoy the:drivers,of thb-'cnrs wo
hnd hired refused-to bring thorn across to.tho city, although the,faro was
tondorodl"; .Another Instance occurred
at Rosslaro,. whoro whon a sailor on
ono of tho' croBB'Chnnnol   boats   did
lihful Food
maae with
The pro Juct of
No Alum    ;
, Railway Manager, Cornered ....
-The,bevies of interrogations he put
to" Mr. Be'asley; general , manager of
the".TaffiVaI?,Railway, illustrates'   his
attitude.''-'';V*"ben Mr. 'Beasley' argued
that recognition would mean an increase in- un'on membership, Sir "itat-
cliffe pointed out that; 85 per cent of
unionists and asked whether the proportion could.bb much higher.     On
the question oi penalties for." breach
of; contracts on the part of the unions
Sir v" Ratcllffe "quite- nonplussed Mr,
Beasley, who readily accepted all suggestions that unions should' be heVl
responsible.  Union payments of strike
allowances     to'    contract   breakers
should, he urged, be made Illegal. But'
Sir Ratcllffe Ellis pointed out tho In-,
ovltable, accompaniment to such a pro*-1
posal.   'Do you think "Parliament," he.
asked, "would give the arbitrators any
Buch power If tho companies rofusad
to recognize the existence of the men's
societies?"     Tho witness was vory
much taken aback at this, says tlie
Manchester, Guardian, and for tho nip-
mont could find no kind of reply.   Mr.-
Beasley finally admitted that, there
might como a point at which 'rocognU
tion,, "would not bo too high a prlco
to pay for immunity fro nidlsputos and-
stoppages."    This Is tho first of tho
companies'" witnesses to admit this. '"•■
-Mr. "Robert'Giover, of the Groat
Western Railway Company, mado an
effort to rival Lord Claud Hamilton,in
tho Insults ho poured on trado unionists, Tho men's officials he stigma-
tlzod aB "known Inciters to bronklng
of contr'aots," but under cross-oxamlnn-
tlon by Sir Ratcliffo* Ellis onco more,
bo admitted that bis porsonal exporl-
onco of tho unions' loaders had been
satisfactory. Ho admitted that ho had
mot and sottlod many disputed points
with Mr. Richard Boll and Mr, J, H.
Thomas. "Did you find Mr, Boll difficult to deal with?* askod Sir Rat-
ellffo, "Not at nil; ho was vory woll
balanced, and his knowledge of railway
work stood him In good stond, though
at timoB ho was out of date. Never-
tholesfl, ho did remarkably woll. I
freely grant that tho mooting was most
Riiccossfiil from tho companies' point
of vlow, I say tho samo ot Mr,
"To what do you atlrlbuto this *uc
"To tho fact that thoro woro two
ppopln meeting together with tho true
Bplrlt of negotiation Instead ot twenty
or thirty.'
"What do you call that 7" Insinuated
Sir Hotcllffo,
•Anything you llko, Sir Thomau, except recognition."
Wn \\\,n  fhn  ♦rti^fc  •«*  V.TTT.C3 V.C   V-T.-
out of dnto" In Iho d^'rlritlon of Mr,
Mr. Herbert Marriott, good* manager of tho Lancashire nnd YorkBhlro
Railway,  wafl  particularly  Incensed
between all grades, a« evidenced in
tho aympathetlo atrlkea. Ono section
of workors should not bo allowed to
strike on behalf of other sections," he
argued. "If one section strikes," exclaimed the wltneia, "others whose
grievances aro already settled should
bo required to return to work or have
tholr place* filled without qnetlion of
reinstatement. Palling that, one grade
by exborbltant demands can stop a
wholo railway,' Mr. Marriott «ald
recognition was quite unneremry on
the Lancashire and Yorkshire system.
\V* ftnonM think to when men' aro
paid 17s. ed. a week?
Mr. A. Henderson has pressed-for
a return by the companies of,wages
paid, since their lepresentatives have
refused to accept the figures of the1
Amalgamated ^Association of, Railway
Servants. On,Tuesday Sir Guy Garnet
announced that, tho return would be
forthcoming. " ,, ' '',-.,'
y,The trade unions have determined
to ask .the commission to provide, opportunity for representatives to reply
,to the evidence b'f the 'companies. •' "•
.The evidence-of the witnesses and
the attitude of ' the commissioners
make a general forecast of their.report impossible. Recognition of the
unions in some form or other is practically certain; although restraints are
likely to' be imposed' on striking without extended notice. , In cases' where
official support is'given to the breaking of contracts,' the commissioners
may recommend' penalization of
unions by fines. -
* It is1 more" difficult to say what substitute will' be offered to the concila-
tion scheme, but the men will probably be allowed representation by union
officials!before any board of arbitration that is set up.  '
Victory at, Dowlals Steelworks
.The strike, at-the Dowlals Steelworks, where 2,500 men were out,
has, been settled/. The leaders announced, to, a mass meeting of the
men recently that an agreement had
been arrived at with the^general manager, providing for the recognition of
all the,unions involved, and the "raising of ihe rates of. wages of all* departments,; to the standard prevailing
itf'other works. ' The amount, bf the
advance "will be settled between'the
men's' representatives and the. management.', The men resolved to accept
the agreement. Mr. Kier Hardle'M."
P., /on being informed of the but-
come' of ' thb .* negotiations; wired,
"Congratulations on the great victory." '° -   ■"„ '■'"■'
Four < thousand' men are now on
strike at Messrs. Armstrong,, Whit:
worth and. Co.'S''works in Openshaw,
Manchester.* The firm has offered to
grant,." rates'' of pay that have been
established by the laborers',, unions at"
other, engineering works in the" district." • "The men say a number ,of
laborers do not come within the scope
of this'/offer, and the firm have suggested a conference between the employers' federation ■ and the men's representatives on condition that .the
laborers return to' work pending negotiations. ,. The men insist upon'a"settlement of all' the points in dispute
before theyreturn" to work. On' Monday the firm announced that workmen
who are -out on- strike are now con-
sidoied. to be--discharged. Though
feellng.the pinch'of poverty they show
no signs of wavering.   ,
The.-quarterly meeting,of tbe Operative Cotton Spinners' Association recently passed "a "strong resolution In,
defense'of *the workers' right to picket
during strikes. '"' The "resolution protested against "the unwarrantable attempt at,present being made by employers to induce his Majesty's Govern,
merit,to make it illegal to picket during trade disputes,' and expressed the
opinion that the law is already sufficiently strong to deal with all cases
of breach of tho peace.. It asked that
no alteration whatever shall be made
that would put tho workers at a, disadvantage In conducting trade disputes in accordance with tho law as it
stands at present,
Tho Nelson Weavers' Association
havo taken a ballot of tholr mombors
on tho quoat'on as to whether It 4s
v/lso' to contlnuo working with tho
non unionists. Tho, result is aB follows: ,0,417 for refusing to work
with tiiera, nnd'046 against, thoro bo
Ing 1,058 blank papers, Tho official
report of tho association' on tho qno«-
tion statos: "Wo are dotormlned, with
your assistance, to provont thoB poo-
pio from recolvln,? lonoflts for which
the-) havo not pt.'d. nnd in tho loat
tuUiro you will bo askod to docldo
whether yci will contlnuo to worlr lo
tho samo shod. Wo aro, however, giving thorn ovory opportunity of joining
us prior to any drastic action bolng
At tho noxt mooting of tho Northern
Countlos Weavers' Amalgamation aii
application for nn advance ot wngoB,
probably of 10 por cent, Is lo bo con-
Ruikln College Man Victimized
Serious,trouble Is Imminent rogrinl*
lng tho^nUltudo pf rolllory ownorB at
Northumberland townrdB n young
minor who recently returned after a
courao of study at Ruskln College,
Tho young man Ih being victimized,
and othor ox-studcnts have similarly
experienced trouble In finding employment. If tho yoimir miner is not ro-
talnod tho Executive Commlttoo of
tho Northumberland Minors' Association threaten "gravo trouble."
Tho demnnds of Manchester builders' laborern for liifrossod wages and
alterations of working1 hours havo
*">«. ".r.-Mfj-tl L. 'U iw„,M.:i.*.«*, ,/.'
tho 'FlmplwprA' VortorfUlon, rvlio iV'
cldod to refer th* matter lo a full
meeting of members. Unions Balls-
factory concessions are mndo n ntrllro
will bo declared throughout Manchester
The Amalgamated JJnlon of Labor,
al a meeting at South Shlolda, has resolved unanimously that tho tlmo has
arrived whon the employer* should bo
asked for an advance of wages on behalf or the boiler scalers employed
on tho Tyno. This demand haa been
forwarded to. the employer* accord
ingly.    "A deputation   of   the-men-
affected was appointed to interview-
the employers,    y       , •;-■'        y
v The new ferry   navvies,   builders'.'
laborers,   and   general laborers have
won concessions'.from    Sir William'
Lever. on "behalf of the firia at Port'
Sunlight—namely,   general   laborers,
24s.-a,week;'timbermen, 7d, an.hour,
plpelayers and joiners',   6%d.'    These
rates represent an' increase all round
of %d. per hour.
, Fifty, girls stopped work recently at
Messrs. F and ■ H; ^Hampson's Wigan
Road cWeaving Mills, .West Houghton,
on the ground that alterations "effected
in the. workings'conditions, have Involved a reduction-'in .wages.  .
The strike, at thb^worstbd'-'mills of
Messrs. Fleming, Reid and Co., Greenock, has assumed, large proportions;
about 1,500 women workers now, being'
idle.—N..Y: Call.-"'
By William J. Fielding
Money out at interest
has no rest.
Pull compound interest paid
,   ",   , .y '',^'riiy savings accounts of One
.dollar and upwards.     Every
day. of the year'is an interest
bearing day," Sundays and
holidays^ included.
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.;
-  £3
i t)
Fernie Branch.
The firemen brave came racing down
the crowded asphalt street,
With shouting, cussing voices drowned
by the clatter bf horses' feet,
As they dashed to the scene'of their
'  . labor, a burning house hard by,
Which, In its ardent, blazing glory, lit
up the starless sky. ■ •,
There were engines, trucks and "Cheni-
., Icals," the Salvage Corps and all,
Which, with barely a moment's notice,
had started'at the.call     °
Of a thrilling,,-piercing, gong-ring, a
startling third alarm.l
Which had also drawn the'populace,
as if by .magic charm.
The burning house ■ was   a - wealthy
,-home in a section' of refinement,,
Where classic buildings were laid out
in unquestionable alignment.
And  where  the general   atmosphere
was with'fashion" overflowing,-   ■'
And ^luxury 'of endless riches in its
■   splendour ever growing.
The residents' of the district were of
/ -'"society's elite, ,i
And,' as  the  cream   of  aristocracy,
were ln themselves replete
With ancient-customs and~ti-aditions
> ,'•   and superstitions of "best blood,"
Tracing.back to their progenitors to
."- • t'oth'ec, side of Noah's Flood.
-.-.,■'•" s /
'Twas' at the ■ hour when the'' theatre
.   ''. crowds were hurrying home from
■ .'\,the "night,-*  ',,        ' y '-,  .
AridaU the curious were drawn along
by 'the fire's alluring light,.
And they gazed'in awe at the speed
1    toiled/- -7--'    .■ -•    - .v,-> t_
As the ladders^were,deftly placedbloft
and""the girdles of hose uncoiled.,
Streams were played on blazing- win-
;  ,-dows;'   the.smoke   rose   in   an
-opaque cloud',  ,.
And the air was-filled"with burning
embers,'sparkling, dropping In the
,   crowd,'",    '•' "' ."' '.' ' ,   -
The firemen-worked -with'^ceaseless
', effort, fighting fire with main and
might,- iy
Striving, with all their inborn ' ardor
to lessen'the losses of the night.
Many a priceless object ■ of, art, and
tapestries famous'in history ,"
Besides', tho' hoard of treasured antiques whose - sources .were mantled mysteryy. '
And the finest work's of tho modern
school, collections world-wide and
.,, peerless, , ' .
Wero saved from tho hungry, engulfing flames by tho Salvagers, bold
and fearloBS.    '
'Mid tho oxcltomont that prevailed
When tho flro was raging-worst,
Thero rushed from tho fated building
—llko a phantom thing accurst—
Ono of the daring, doaperato firemen,
and In his mighty arms he boro
Tho heavy weight of a fainting woman, jUBt removed from an upper
Madamo Gilt wbb tho roBCUod person,
a lady famed for beauty's sake, ,
Who retired oarly In the evening, stif-
f'rlng from a fearful headache;
/nil sho'sought rollef In pootlilng powders from tho tormontB of tho
Hut tho oplntlo stuff beutimliod'hcr In
(piloting hor aching brain.
'Twas plainly seen sho was bowilderod,
whon vory promptly hIio cumo to,
As with uncorlnlnty sho gnzod around
hor calculating what to do.
Or, as If looking for n mloBlng croa*
" turo, when suddenly «ho cried,
"My God I   My prodous llttlo darling!"
And back Into tho building dashed.
Tho iwjoplo shook with Bhocr nm Moment  nt the raBhnoHu    of    hoc
Hut rtftiizod a child In danger wiib
u.ouh'i iu mum) uiatnumoir,
Anil ibcy scarcely mgved for appn*-
h<>n<;l(in, hardly daring to glanf'1'
up, *
When, nt hint, Mho daubed out, run-
Wi.hoii(--i»    tiow-loggod,    tiiirulH'
As n leader In hor c!rHo, Madnnm
Gilt was qulto supreme.
Full of tho most fastidious notions
Which wt<ro M<T fn fifR-h oiffvri:
And it was by all remembered, 'pen
rv-flfiriloo'« rftfm anrrey,
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets  40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton has made
saving' simple—by' eliminatin .gall unnecessary Bank formality. lD
' An' account may be opened with the
deposit of one' dollar—even so small
an amount .will act as an Incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to,-a sum worth while.
Head Office:
Fronting the lake and surrounded by improved property. A few tracts still
available at exceptionally
Ipw prices. .Satisfaction
assured.    Cash talks..
Genuine Bargain
JD.  O.
A dauntless plonoor of I.iibor roprc-
Honlnllon him paHHOd away in tho per-
son of Mr, Uonry Brondhurst, tlio nrst
working man member of a British do-
vorninent. lie only hold office,for a
fow months as Under-Secretary for the
Ilom<» Department In the Bhorl-llvod
Llbonil Govomment of 1880, but his
career hold tho record tip till Mr. John
BurnN broko It by entering tlif> flnblnfi.
Mr, Droadhurfll, In hln prlmo, wan ono
of tho wisest ot councillors nnd most
■ /.wn.Mii rf ,....t- ■       "   « t; i' ■"'  ...
Idnllnnfl Upon which the T.nlmr pnr»v
(now builds. Though lio hns lived'tho
I life of ft retired veteran for llio post
i fow years, ho has not bomi forgtoien
j by tho workors whose riiiwo ho served
' to woll
Electric Reitorcr for Men
Phosohonol »•!««« wrn»n» la th. body
»im «ml tiulttr. I'reniMut. dtcjy »iul all ««ivtl
H*tll>f*» txrt^J H ««t«.    MJMMf|>lM»<t«>l  »ivJ
m»kejm»»B*»m»n. I'rK.J? I ^vt «(«*-> '"<
f^ jriiMfjnnra'f'ircil TU.BwttlMiUUtmf
to., m. C»lh«rln««, Out,
for Salt at Ble«idill*i Oruo Store
To have a lamo bock   or   painful
ttltrbri m^nni   Llnonl^r^'l   I't'lnoyv*.
land the sooner you hnvo iho KUIwya
•nn.J Tth'M'-r In a pu-fculi healthy *.ou-
IvlonKwl to a moro vulgar day
That  (he rosrJn<r of mere  clilMruri jdJtlon lho sooik-i >ou will enjoy lift', j
ny.     Aa far a* wo know, tl«-r<» In only onf |
remi'dy thai Js ffunnint^d fo titro yon,
and that is l-'IO l'!U,H.    if thf-y don't j
w,nk* jou ft ttTor.ir, bi-altby pc-rkon In .'
f»ro rr^/'Vi', your m^n^y will In1  f
funded.   At all dealers, 25c. per box
or Tlie PIk I'll! Co., HI, Thomas, Ont.
..The tlrtt tnow of tht «e»»onl—Thin
tro<al-! rvrnlsil yon that r.ftir Is it,?
tlmo tn &-t roor *tnrm trlmfnvrn nn-f
door*, ami tho pUco Is KKN'NrII>Y &
SIANGAN'S.    Telephone 2S.
C. P. R.
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quoboc &
Maritime Pi owlnicoi>
TM<-t« IihiiwI In iiiiiiirptlnn wllh .Mlnnlfn
H(<'Aiii«Ii1iih «||| Ihi nn wilit fttim N'nv, lutli
lo Im-, ,<fM Inihi-Uii mill llinltcil Id Itm
liioiitli- from <|,(t<< ttt l*»ti,\
yiltftl <v|iilrmrtit,.utnni|«H Fir-I f\n*4 Hnd
■    Ttiurtwt **l«-*-itlfttir < '«r».   flftithir <'nr«
nn ,U, t!nu„K!, '.I,,,,,.,
('omUArtiiiffil, IJIir»n'L'U>««*rvi*ilfiii CHrrm
"It,,;., r.il  l.l„.l'..,r
Dec. 1«tto3l«t IrtclutlviB
Rot urn limit 3 months
Apply rrfjtnut t'. I'. IL ng*nt for r^trtl<*»lfiw
«"WW<« It. O. MrVKf J.IK,
IH»l. VnimwT Aiwnt, I'Atftnry
dmm Rt^iW-S'i
P"7 ^Tiyy.;
-*■"-;' 71''.'-.    ,   '"
:!, ■"'"  -J'
-;* '■>■
' * ■*. "  v* " " -     ■      '■ ";?-■:&'
y J^blishecT every Saturday inornirig at its. office^
'.. ■    ~^'  > "      -7 '-•->-. ;7.  ■"'■  -v'■;"<-':
Pellat Avenue/ l^erriie,' B. 07 -Subscription $1.00
• -  ' '-."':»'   .-     ' ' -   7.     ■     '"•   y  "
per year in advance.-   An excellent advertising
medium. -Largest circulation in the District,1.  Ad-
■ xertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job ■ and
color work.   Mail orders receive" special attention.
■t'° * ■, y      *   ,i ° A "
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
.J. Wv BENNETT, Editor, "'.*;
Telephone No.-48.. ' ,,Postoffice Box No. 380
\     ,    \,
. {-
•J'l'   ."
H bW often have we heard the cry that'coM
tions are simply terrible in Great Britain. ..In
fact we must'confess that'we ourselves-have.-d.is-_
canted at some ,length on this subject,-.and. we
therefore cry mea culpa, and will now turn' pur
attention to a subject'of a much ■ more -pleasing
character, to wit, "Prosperity." ./.   •. ' ;-v ' •' . .,
To those-vast .'hordes of individuals, unemployed,
unemployable, as well as the-great legion";of those
' who see the grim spectre of want but "aVfew-blocks
from their dwellings; .would suggest' they go. hide
their rags; still their clamoring and be "content,"as
they are the victims, Ave afe lold, of an 'economic
law.' Therefore, their repjnings,. though .necbs-7
sary, are unavoidable. -. Perhaps it might .toe as
well if these empty bellied,7illy.,clad mortals would'
practice the Mohammedan1 fatalism and die gracefully without obtruding their groans upon a "pros-
'. perous nation. 7, ,     ' > ,'
'Of what import is.it that millions are. merely
gravitating from the cradle to the grave?, Why
discant .upon misery,, poverty and degradation'!;
"We-have more solid proof than mere sentiment to
■ .demonstratothe"existence of."prosperity.£' v-c. y,;
-;: The .Board of Trade returns for. Octobers-show
■ British ..trade, in imports a& well 7 as "'exports1, has1
increased.," .-Imports amount 'to"'£60,915,620/an.'
, „. increase "of £2,804,496' over the-'preccdingAmonth*;
''Therefore, let us'jubilate. "Exports^for t|i^same
perio.d;.,were £43,546,303 showing an1, increase of,
£5,855,071. - Once again we 'jubilate.*. 7The im7
ports >f or, ten months up   to ; 0.ctober7^31st'";'were
1 £550,249,001: 'Exports' ^or'-aj- like: period*&&$:
£374,724,190, ah 'increase of ;£63,456,0^8a'ov'er'%f
corresponding periqd7of - 1910r/.vHejneeV^'^yill?
noticed that"four policemen.were,quite'sufficient
force tc/'keep the pathway clear-on Victoria Avenue.
Al'sqHliat^at-rro time".was the'traffic of vehicles interfered with.' -On the contrary, among (jtherswc
saw a dray; going, by -.with fruit,-and.there, was^io
attempt at'rowdyism or molestation. --'The o'n^in-'
cident'out of the,'ordinary;' when the "MayoiVwas
reading the -Riot Act; was .thetlirowing". of "a. package of foodstuffs, and.this.was7the only, act of the
kind that occurred.:    The -Saturday* ritgkt.incident
when-three negroes were met-and one pulled'a revolver, with whic'h we7,are\info'rme<l'three "or four
wero  armed, -hawngperniits. dulv7'signed by a
resident magistrate,-.thereVwere mine, workers, who
gave their assistance" to the"-police in order, that'
these men might be,conveyed to'the city-jail. ,'. This
is practically," so far as .-our knowledge goes/ of
the occurrence ia'Fernie .the sum total that has
transpired.  . Yet. there are forty special policemen
brought into the city, the initiative for this action
being taken by the city officials, and out of which
there.Js not-the slightest doubt will>• grow a bill
of expense to the detriment of the .taxpayers.   „It
is asserted, however, that the provincial authorities "now fully, supervise the entire situation, hence
it js reasonable, to suppose that any further costs
will be saddled .upon the ..province..  ,'As a matter
Jof, policy, regardless of any respect, .which' we may
or may not have, for law "and order that any acts
winch constitute or even constrained to be regarded as a breach x>f the statutes must have" a more
or less boomerang effect, but in consideration of
thesmall amount of provocation, the readihg.of tlie
Riot Act and the employment of such a number of
Special police,'was not called for.       • y
- These struggles are simply-an illustration.,of the
existence of class warfare, and as such the .meeting
between the' operators arid the mineworkers   may
be regarded in the light" of truce of hostilities, when'
.according- to call ,the canons 'governing such, cases,-
both the parties are supposed to remain-quiescent
until the truce'lias expired/peace declared,-or,the
struggle resumed.   But such'liasnot ben-the tactics"
employed in1 this locality. 7  On the contrary, it
would look very much, like a deliberate attempt to
.work at;cross purposes.,/ That the .Crow's"Nest
Pass,Coal .Co. should take.such action, were it not a
■party to the conference still in session, would be
be very ^readily, understood, 1<;but as the situation
•really is'.while-with, one hand they are parties, sup-
-posfe'dly,; looking towards an amicable settlement,
Jont.tJie,:other,.they are guilty/of introducing^ dis-
bordantveleinent..        •..'.'   ,1...   -
"Our Letter Box1'
Tho District I/edgcr accepts no responsibility for the.viewa expressed by its correspondents. ,Comiu\mic.itioiis wiU.be inserted;
whether Signed. by: tho real name'of the
wvitcr or a noin de plmno, but tho writer's
-name 'and address' must bo given to' the,
Kditor as evidence ot good fiiith. In no case"
wi 1 it be divulged without consent,
Question 7.
Question. 8.
-Ditto. ...-;":".;
Hear!' Hear!
•V. >',.
. v.
'j,j ft
iT-TVis^generally.krioSvn;that iri China the cost of
* ..".''Uyuig, 'if .such' it- can- be called, is exceedingly
aeny«tKal prosperity is not rampa:ngm?Gr^^ri^1 nt^on/even'^orig the'Orientals, from which; per-
ain, when we have such''conyincingCproofnh'at^.O'ur." v,a'£- ISXk AV"♦!.«!, ™^™*B in n^nAn ,v,„,v +„i,„-
.' . -• ■; Fernie^'B..C.;.Noy79];"h^priV
To'.'-th'e-Editor,, District Ledger: ••:;.>-*-,
- Dear' Sir,~AJthoug"h tho editor .o£
the JTree Press has replied to the^^questions put -I an say also'-'that he has
not answered them,, at least, not'sat-
isfaetoriiy,, to those vitally interested,'
viz7, 'the mineworkers,  ,.,  *   •"*"!.'
Though there is little doubt thathis
intentions to serve the capitalist .c'jass
to the best-of his ability are sincere
his incapacity to. delude tho workers, in
the. interests of ""that class Impair-.his
value.- As evidence of tho'truth otthls
statement .the' reply, to-; question ,r'e
Compensation is convincing.       '  '"-y
"It death is due to neglect, on'the
part..bit the employer compensation
should'be„paid,'-,     ••/.   ,>..'-'.''.
Taking the,above as a basis .upon
which compensation would ...be ,pald
employers' profits would not. be;.materially affected. .. 6- y\ " '',  7 '' ; ■
Question 2. 'What 6hould;an experienced-miiier, receive for ajdays'j work
in1 the ^ mines? '«./:;    \.
'-He does .not say "I Ho not-know,".,
directly, but in essence.that is the,interpretation of "all that the prevailing
business .conditions will Justify.".-''"■■
. Question 3. "Appreciations t are, in
order.here as Mr.'Editor is himself/
or as tie should,be, honest in,his reply.
W7e arg not agreed, needless to add.
If permitted can discuss this at some
lator date.;.. "7.,'"  «
,t.Questibn.4.Dodged! -'Simply dodged
—that's', all,    .' -. .       -;       ; '
""Question' E. ,-Not surprised in the
least as It,is what might be expected
from so intelligent a man.
"Get additional.- employment, seek
other employment, go to work for himself, or reduce his money outlay for
living." - -    ~.y •-        , .
The'above mental (!) effort is'bo
weak , that,! it, seems almost like attacking-a-; small, boy cripple to expose it.  - "y y!,. .       '_ ■',"'
"Get additional employment.';,y'As
we are'dealing,at<this time wifn'th'e
mineworkers let; us apply this piece
of advice to their case.    .'      '.' , ■
When the mines are working a miner must get-up about 5 a.m., get rigged'
up" have a;quick-swallow. breakfast
and get to.the train at 6 a.m; He is
in tho .minejtntil'B p.m. At 3.45 7he
gets the train for Fernie; about 4.30 he
may.be h'oinefv By 5 o'clock he should
have 'finished -.his 6 course and now
our. friend . suggests that> if he has
not .earned what -is' necessary_at Jhe^
stone Local should'.meet'.with" .his "ap.
proval as we can prove' by seye^tyeafs
connection with it;'-v .•-'. '. .;'. y* .^
-■.Question 9 and-10.7Claimed that we
are inerror-in.our remarL^'is^so,''Free'
Press staff accept apolpgie's, 'pleabej • \.
7;Regardirig-_ the $50*. proposition;-let'
us be candid. "• The kind "of men^jsug-'*
gested as judges is. not"; acceptable" as'
by' their works ye" shallv.kno'w Jthemi*"
There are others', tbo.*yy -."7 - ■   'T-'
"In reply to 'ques'tibn^^as' a believer"
in a democratic-union',as;,*Der.'the.Ob-'"
ser'yations' made^let,|'the,5lette'r of' the'"
/'Union' Man" bb,^sont»inAJ'fo,'bo ■ read
at the next mass meeting'bf'ttieminers'
so that it c'an.be:,a'scert'a^ne.d7whe'ther,
the writer of the letter is:a union man",
in' good standing br.'no't. :}■ <■ t) ^ -' 7<
S>This is a challenge. \''J';,7 •'■%■ -.""'
1  J-fT
■ ■?& i
f-LS '
'■'■; :*■''^ySIR^EDMUNDwWAUKER.rCV.ar, LL.D., KC.e, PflfeSip^NT;;^;:^ ■'.- \A7*-
CAprrAiS^::$io^6obi0.op-.:.::- ^w ^^^^psig^wop^^^'1
""The editor charges,nib with playing'
to the" gallery.,.",.,If'.we interpret this,'
to mean that i'am seeking popularity";
wltli the mlners-^Ye'e,! . 'Quite correct,
and if at any tlmb any niimblo effort of
mine, even to writing let'ter'sllke this,'
will help lri the struggle I am glad to
bd' of service and ifl ban'point out
any case^'whero the' interests, of the
miners are opposed I shall not hesitate
to speak out in "court*'. "y" •'"'■•:
,. Th'ese.'are my 8«ntime*tH, and I'do
not hesitaie to,-includ« the editor" of"
the Free PresB.aB one .who h'as ^ellber;
ately tr^ed to vsowfl'disBc"nBion, among
the miners, arid, by so doing cause thb
men.tb mistrust their officials by his;
hints al- mismanagement; . ^l ~ ' *'
I willingly admit thatin,tbe building
of the Hall mistakes were made, but-
who has not? .'..Certainly,not the City"
officials" (!) nor.yet do I think that'
tnere are-many others that can be considered Infallible.      .    •! '      ',-
■ What'would'the. editor of'"the Free,
Press have to say if the Board of Directors of the Miners Union whenever,
get a cent for their labors were to .vote
themselves five dollars, for each regular, meeting they attended and two
dollars and a half for each special, as,
well, as a good salary for' an ineffl-]
blent chairman? . •'" V. y„
•' What a denunciation there would
be" and what crocodile tears gushed
out for the poor miners-and their,
families!, " 7.'  ',      ■"■'''
, * Iri conclusion,' I'll acknowledge'that. I
prefer "to "'play to the gailery% :those
fighting for a" few more crumbs' rather,
than'do the dirty'work of any coriipany
no matter'how riiuchor little there was'
in it 'y-7 - " ' \ y '.*£jyy::,
' - •" \ '"'' '7 Tours etc.,:'c.^7 i- ~y
..   •'      ■'' "    .    »    ^J. LANC'ASTER:
The amount of these draft8 is stated in the meocy of the country".wh'^e they-aro'psqr-': ^'y
.able; that is the v aro,-.dra.wn< In sterling, franci, barks, 7tire, kronen,'florins j yen,'.":~ "!_•'-•. ■
Uels, roubles, etc;,"ai the cue ma/be.^ Thi«,euure«~;that tha.payee abroad ^ai,,--;,",:,.'.'
: receive theMtu^^oiuk |oten'ded.^. '■,'.- * X','';-''5fJ> ,7^a«>7-'""7 ?>%'?&*r%*&9\" vr'.-   ,4,
'. FERNIE BRANCH-I^^Kf.'I'-y'.    : *' ',' ,>'- c£JH\ s:^D^k,>'Mahaaeri;'.t? '% '
?—r .>       ■■.  -afc'4 ','■"* v(i
'' trade'shows such phenomenal:develbpmeiit'. -,'. 'Of'
,. cpursb it may be Imentipned, Uuli this is merely M
"•sthe'way, that it is only-those who <are entitled<.to.
.be considered soiiiebodies'-tliat en joy'.the, benefits
.of this glorious state of affairs,' arid "the gre'atniasr
bf tlie others should be perfectly "satisfied to know
'   that -though they are.' merely, getting "Ybave > sub;-1
■sistence that they are accorded perfect freedom- of.
action'in waving flags,' yelling about our greatness,^
■ and singing patriotic 'anthem's. ■'' 7•■'-..7. ■ • > y y, i <■■
■ - '' * •■'.'• -'S'- "'' •  '   "'  "•   ■'■'•"'"'...'■'-.l»!;.'7-','.'
',, If tlio ^prosperity of 'a, fo.wi"should. 1)6,'ehhaiicea'
so' marvollou'sly,, and. poverty, increased'dnyerscly/
• we may'in ,thc riot distant future* expect-that tho
•two'points between prosperity find poverty',will be"
still further extended. Yet why, complain,..this
:is only the workings of an "economic law"f"Tcr-
Mps.but this is more conjecture,; some of the in-,
diyiduals who aro in tho poverty column may be
'<!ome obstreperous'enough'to object to, this st'n'to'
of affairs. , But wo feel the country is safe, and
.will bo safe, whon those who make tho law to order,
in order to conform to their, notions of law .and
order, will quickly, bring to their aid tho'sb loyal
adjuncts, the police, tlio military and tho .judiciary, thereby preventing such a dire'extremity hs
tbo reins of government being wrested from-thorn
by the mob element. " ,■,.' •..,;,-„/ 4i
Since penning tlio above lines wo hayc noted an"
nrliclo' in tho Calgary Daily Herald "Prosperity
Deadens the Spiritual Life," henco wo arc between
two stools Jlowcvcr, wc think tliure". should bo
enough nf thoso to whom prosperity to only a name
, (whereas its dearth i« a reality), bo that thoro
should bo no difficulty in discovering quite a largo
number who aro in a* fit Ntntc of receptivity to
nro'uRo tho spiritunl life. '
^fiajjsV.sbme of their prototypes in Canada may take
a'ffw.liints.   '"",'•    '  -; \y • y        '.• ;
''".Statistics have, been compiled showing the am-
ount of the time wasted in. combing and braiding
.of'the queue.. • Fifteen minutes of the best hours
of every-man in China, and perhaps onthe average
.it .takes," twice as long with'the barber's time."'
-■y.Tijne/is cheap, worth on an average about ten
'ceriVs.Vda^yV.so';that each .Chinaman's queue will
iigu^y^at'-'soraewhat near one cent'a day, cost of
u$l<e'op;br.down keep as the case may be. ^Multiply.
,"this:,Kjvthe number of males, over fifteen years of
ago;in,tIip' country, say 10,000.000 and by the number of days in the year, you gct,$350,000,000 wasted
bri'tne pigtail. Then Ihqrejs tho item of queue
cords-figured at,$20,00p,000.'" Then it is estimated
thaV.tho queue by rubbrig upon the cont or gown
means'a.loss of about;another $20,000,000. 'Hence
we have'a moro "detail o,f about four hundred-million dollars lost in a year, ■
Wo give,the abovo figures for the benefit of
those who enjoy making mathematical enilculla-
tions as to how much the miners havo lost by not
working.    In other words we give them tlio " cuo.''
It might be incidentally mentioned further in tho
case of the Chinaman that it would bo rather hard
on tho harbors', manufacturers of cord as' well as
c|oth but this is the way theso superficial arguments
on bohali! of certniii subjects work around in a vicious circle fTho fact is things aro not what thoy
AOu'in, and tho dabblers on tho surface of things aro
•in many- winch too intellectually lazy to dclvo in
deeper, expecting Ihoir frothings to bo accepted
holus bolus,
■■ mW^ ■. i-"^S - aivvObMLr
h..\        ,1 -'.,, <'.„>■■     !•'       ^  .      -^I*i —
T is our intention to review calmly nnd dispas-
Rionnloly tho incidontfl that have transpired
during tho last, ton days, We will state facts
as we know tlicm, both pro and con, but if thero
should lm nny oniisnioiis it i« Ih'chuno of lack of
knowledge regarding them and not with intent.
Since April 1st until the present time normal
conditions in the conl mining industry have not ob-
1 ained throughout the Crow's Nest Pass, but in
tins review we iiiiomi coniimng our "DlworviittoiiH
to the iiniiieiiiiite Ideality, because a recapitulation
of incident* thut have taken place throughout District IH would be entirely ton lengthy for so tthrtrt
nn article.
'tiiv news was Haslied Uiroiighoul the length
and hrendth of the land after the Hon. IJobt. Hocrers
luul met tho District Kxecutive, that tlm strike
wns Kcttled. This was premature, otherwise, there
woidd have been but little necessity for nny comments The Crow ';i Xout V.vm Co.vl (*o. IaawA notices, as per eopy in last week's issue, Some individuals went lo the mines and upon eoming
down in the train were greeted by catcalls and do-
riwivp yells. j\ f.lrike.lire«ker ehiimH lie wns struck
stones were thrown, some pnnes of glnss were shattered at Un- Hnrr imuse null nl*o in WeM Kernie.
'ihe day when the mayor read the tliot Act wc
mines- he shb1ild"'"get additional employment,'^ .'.'.Wonderful jvords, wonderful -words!'' -.-• . ;   '  r"
What 'doesVithb editor suggest i he
should do? Take In washing, go .out
nursing, .either physical or mental,' or,
■What? ,.'v ,|    ..
Perhaps "he might breed running
dogs and, practise sprinting stunts
when taking ,them„ out for an airing.
If this clever editor would take a. little
mental exertion and look below the
surface of things surwy he would see
that,whatever branch of Industry that
be examined that there are more men
to do tho-work, than there work to bo
done,"'otherwise why is there so much
unemployment,-and why Is It that
strike-breakers can bo recruited. Having made tho suggestion that a man
should seek additional employment, if
ho4wishes to bo fair jt's iip to him to
explain how It Ib to bo secured. Such
expressions but, shoV how llttlo ho
knows of tho work a minor has to do
and tho conditions' undor .which ,ho
works. ' Ho knows not how physically
exhausted a miner Is after toiling hard
for eight hours in dust,'darkness, gas
and heavy atmosphoro,1 or ho .would
not oven hint nt moro work.
,Wo cannot soo behlod each other's
minds but maybo thnt by going to
work for himself or. roduco his monoy
outlay for living that tho suggestion
Ib convoyed. Do a bachelor, keep his
own houso, mend bis own clothes and
cook his own meals, Excellent!
Groat! Now lot us soo how .ho might
roduco further his outlay for llvlnir.
First tnko tho ordinary bill of fnro.
Tlronkfant! Itollod Oats, Bread, egg,
bacon and toa, Lunch (In tho mlno):
nrend and chooso, or Jnm nnd cold ton,
Dinner: GlnHB of wator, mny bo soup,
Potatoes and mont," and porhaps othor
vogotnliloH, l-lco pudding, n cup of ton.
Wo snld six courses—count them, Bun-
dny, spoclnl, plo and enko,
Tlio abovo lu.tlio avorngo bill of faro
Tlio minor's wlfo bollovos In and
practised tcoonomy In tho Iioubo, has
but fow dlHlioB, nl though thoy must be
lis fliilistnntlnl nn conditions will allow
oh tho character of hor husbnnd'a work
exacts It,
If mldltlonnl economy can bo of footed without (lecrenslnff efficiency, tho
Prco ProsH Editor' mlgbt wrlto nn og-
sny upon "Hints to Ifouiowlvoo,"
Tti"»"'> In IHf.  ♦Vmi»»M  flr11p*<i ...» ef-T.t
our pdltnrlnl «frllw Tnlfrli*- ndvnrntfl,
thnt tlio minor Bhould rut out his ton
cont plug of tobacco, bin fifteen cent
picture show, send out of town for his
purchnHOR, If ho cnn.snvo flvo conts
on the' dnllnr lot hi* hntr i^rnw Innn'
and go nrouiul lmtlo«s, ooaso spending
his roon^y, for lK«r, otc.
This Ih about an sonnlblo to HUggost
on It would bo to toll lilm not to In-
<lulgo In motor earn, oxpenslvn clgnrs,
six or seven dogs, two dollar shown,
i»o or ihrcn wives,, flvo dollar balls,
champiume nuppers nnd brldiw pftrtlos.
<'ut rtown rxponitesl Cut down expenses until n standard of llvlnir I»
reachr-d tl.a* a CblncMi stmndurd would
look Hkt» n feast of n»i*chu« In eom-
pnrlHon to that advised by our Intollec
tuat g\iid«. ,;
Quesllon <».   ivrTfwtlj' Mtlsttiw*.
~\.'.>:-'.', j.TBlalrmore, Alta^pyT?,':&tl
To the *Editbr,-r«strtct Ledger:7i .'.-:'•.
Dear ,Sir,—At a regular meeting of*
Local 2163 I was Instructed to forward
to. you names of menVho had started
work In.""Blalrmore Mines.-' T'he"follow
ing are some of the names:   ' -    T/
' ' JAMES RUTHERFORD,   ■      '   v
DICK HEATHERLEY/      ...'    "7
JAMES MAY,    .     „   ]l :   - ,',,'"
. WALTER MATHIESON, 7 ■ , "V •'     ,f'
■ JAMES PAYDEN,.    , ,."'.'  ,,,   . -„>
WILLIAM'TURNER,-   ■;     \ ''. ,- -
SAM SMIDT,'     ,     '.,'",-.       -\,
JOHN JE^NINidS,". ' •" ■' ii
FRANK' ROSSI,   •   , ,,  s   ''
MIKE M03CBN,     '"-'•    •
' TONY ASGRO,  ,     ;,    v '    ■
There riro others, whoso names will
appear sbortly,     *;;"   '   '        , ■ •   '■
,( B.'CHASE,    "'■■■"
,,.    - Sec, Blairmore Local 2163
■ ■ . i
;.    o       "Fbralo, n.C, No7.*C-
To tho I'.JItor, nislrlct IjOdger
Uenr■ Blr.—If l.h>» enrJrsod cll.j|)-iu
-•■»n ln»' put' In viir pnper wHIioi'*.
charge for advertising I think Its Insertion would bo qulto in ordor. Thanking you ln advance,     .■•>■■
I am,
Yours truly,
"Tlio final stago of nny great disorder lri tho world of labor Ib when
tho magistrate. Is by law compollod
lo read tho Riot Act. That Act
alms at tho suppression of all tho
mutinous elements in the world of
strife by tho application of superior
forco—the forobof authority. Sim-
Hnrly, whon tho olomonts or functions of tho human system become
deranged or' disordered, tho supreme
authority of tbo body—tho stomach
—assorts In authoritative fashion Its
final supremacy over (ill tho other
mombors. To koep tlio stomach
quiescent Implies tho subjugation of
all the minor organs. Tho brnln
thon becomes clear, tho oyo bright,
tho musclo ton bo nnd springy, tho
1|V(iy   floHw     Ol/>   n*rvnK   nn    (oil*    nn
fine drawn flteol. This Is whnt rnn
nlwnyn bo necompllshod by tnklng
a rogulnr doso of Pllli.   Thoy
govorn and control ovory dliord r
of tho humnn organUntlon. Thoy
nre sn lnf«11Hilf« remeilv fr\r rnn«tl-
pat Ion, indigestion, flatulonco, nausea, blllousncBS, acidity, heartburn,
palpitation, and all stomachic and Intestinal troubles, Have cured millions-will euro you. Sold by all
chemists and stores nt is, l% and
2s. M. jwr box.    "jw polite, but firm
with your cb'emUt, Pills, please.
No others will do. McosA-weli nil
Storo, Fernio. 11. li.
SMobb Gun
8T0P8 C01WH8 o™MTtrewMM
Nothing but the Best in FresK
•t, jn-
yand-'* Smoked *• Meats, Fresh. and
^!7Smoked;^-Fish", Dairy Produce, Poultry
v Etc.  Etc.,' go to
8AM GRAHAM,. Manager
•A' ■
■ :'' >-':.'' --•'-;''■-'' ?.'1 ;'-"' l"i; -'  1-'.1     ■\i'..'K'' v ™U- >-,*''   -.^'.tA,.   ^ '.'■..■.«. --.:,.^r--;.
;7 m^syyyy. < w y^y>. ytymAyy
yy 7,>#y ^.-An U*l^nat\ &?w&$&m2?i
-^r;'"..'; -.),V y,7c7y-4-y;i." .;,-.■ .',.;   v■V''i'v>"',.v"^V/'"^. 7y^7',;7'y',^'*7 \ir
1      >;-.        '.', ■',-,.    -- ' At"''-     - J':   -.5- ''•<•'<-..•*,'■, ■' -■>'.'-• -■,* ■ " "
*■>. i.': --'ii..-
•■• -- j* '
90c to $3.50
' l '** '    *f
. TT H E  "Universal";  Spodf
" Chopper chops oil kuids \
of food,' whether meat.';"!
or vege'tablekr-
rawor cooked;
—as coarse;,'
or. fine as
...and .'
Does      in x^'ywMy-.;
entirely ".
with the
otthe .
knife and'
Buy the genuine "Universal."
• 5 ,
> *tjr:ce. » ct«r»
The Comfort Route East
Closo conoctlons with tbo main lino trains.  I^bngsr^Iubor, wldor , $;
norths, Individual berth and sent lights In sleeper* alid conches, j;
Vncum cleaned, Hlectrla llgbtod on-time trains, thb latest models
from pilot lo tall lights. -   ,'-
J. S, THOMPSON, Agent, Fcrnfe
Phone No, 161 P. O. Box 305
Ledger Ads Bring Results
'"Jft. WirtHfeJife"   *.*• •t-%<'^^-^<.5'"V;t<5«^^,ej-^i&.
ti-ShsaStQn^* ??.*/.
--jj>""-^r-^ .^1-isi. i
i-y;- -.>
'"' "''. TaVS ,'
' '>
/ -',
->#,..,,..(,..-,■  £   . .    il%W1mmmmml\..f.m&^m± mmmmm*§XW^m9'mmW*mm.:. 'AmWWtmm.^'m^mfmW   -,    „ M -..'R&flk "   ^KSlK   „" . BBi ■      vKSB     -:^B     .jl—jlt. mWKkmm'    ^m^m.-    Ti ...i *^&_   ' .JBT        ^SF     ■    - v - -  -
-.'■?■ 7-y
/ /.:/■■ ';;
~-'?s y* ,*■<%'.
, -. >
•7..- : 7, "JS-lfA'A- >?'■■ - -H'-'t' .•-■'*• fft"^
V ^'. *-'
';Sander« &,'Vsrhatst;7»reth«r«;
^.r^y^yy---.. :-r'"- ,r .--il*
♦ •'*"* .i.COAL^CREEK  BY  174    -/ ♦
^:-;A^^^F^'7> ■ y;„;.„;V ~ ♦
<a> ^^Vi*. <•>-,♦- •♦"<#';»-.♦/♦ ;♦
7"\%*"."^>,y.'V7;'- ,*'' -• -- ^"s.', V"«• '.7 7
yAt''a" specialtmeeting;-o£,th*e C.'C.: L.
apd^fT'A^it-^s ^ecf4ed'7ito\ close^the
"club" tempbr&ril^--butlwlil "be-re'-opened
._ »r„j—«      c-j, x^- string
. ti:-:'.-,-«-*>■■.■'■,-T^'ji*f£l4.v ';"-:iv-r!' -.-, J
• < '■■    - '-1.' "'r<!^gj,Av;.--''',. . .'*.:■-;,,
' —"■BVPBBBHivi '*
-   ■- •' -   - -'    ■       ....-.>.,
^    1^^^*""""'"W"""»"^"fl"»««WMBBr«BBWB««»Ji»«B   ' | j'
* —    ~o  v i,1 'jcn   »     ?**•  !*■•. >,*.'' vt v> "i^    «,,*1^'i%v*"-' * .
: frW M .\-V7'«-ARTON/r L
^..  S;ip;<^$:$$. •• «'•:/ r;--.^' - j :■
■«.«»' • «7 * - v.-: v"' ■'*- »"i>'' •■ ''■*." 7,- '-' > -
l-.Pellktt^V'AycV;^^^] :
y y^;'^ \i^7yy -■•„ iv.-.y''"'^
7 S','-''
Ir,-- ,-^y.-'Bar!; supplied^withrthe-best1 Wines,
»'   ,-.'.;-' -7        ■ Liquors'.and Cigars
,   y." bl&iNG^BdOM ^N/ CdNNEOTibN
'..-.-i ■
•;' -''-.-,.«■; v';V.iW;<\e.,'•'■'".■  .-.- "
e m an
W,H: Murr   -> Prop^
i!'*. > i
You're always welpomo here
Clean Rooms) Best of
Food and every- 'J
•'".,'." attetitioti;'.*-' *")
THOS. DUNCAN^; Passburg
hour,' shift' until r-T^esday;*-'-wlth tbe
reBUlt,- that. qn£-Wedne'sday,v.moniing
'owing'^o aii^^asterl^'-wi'nd bl'owfng
]th|ce."w^na'drift's' i'n'malij"; "places three
oV;rou'r'^etid^p.;l^.v'^l»7 j''^, ,
5 Six Jspeclal pbllcen^enjj;ar«7,at "pre-
wnt?^time^.;here^an4^«« may' isay
aro'ilajgeiy^'s^ faVthe ^"arigry
moVs'-^tbey; are'oBtenBibly"Kere for the'
purpose; of suliduing.'are ^conspicuous
by'^thelr1. rari'fy.7;'f' 17 7 -"-7t, v:.' "• •
, .vMr.-; imd^^'^(Je^'o;Brt^-\hBy«j
taken up';theirresidence! In; thieVhouee
thisT; wi^fe'artd'Vlir'ji^um^hls' diitl«s
sb';' xpl^l b jtex^^vj^.&^&^t'toer! seryloes 7in-
the; Methodist -.Church .next Sunday.
-.•'Thevplne^h'ra^B.a'and.,-mules. were'
brought in, fronilblse^. last week,, preparatory to jthe.^'resumptiqn of; woirk"
.whicn;,is'e^pecte^ to takejpjace* in-tbe
nearj-tuture-,-!.>,-'■'" .'.'•'''   •'•-   7,   ,',•
;'A number'of old Creeldtes wandered
back'thlnkln'g'by^thejreports that,have'
been;so widely-.scattered' through', the
press ",'that the t strike -was. ended and
that work'had-heeS'resumed.'t'j,./' >
■'• MrSjjWm.' Wheeler, is visiting friends
near'Jaffray ^this.weekr, 7 ~'\\ '   -''\
*The jsonvand:".daughter'' of 'Herbert
Lanfear'came ln-'°'fr'6ni Qateway^Mont.,
last weAjerid. ;'lKy'?;'f y ':i :' 7
!'--vy;'7.'',;>SadJ-Accldent c'% ''-".>
■ ^On Thursday^Mornlng/'Mr., Jjinath^n
Atkinson uppn-'arlslng'-ih' tbe morning''
found that consequent upon the sudden
and severe weather tb"at,the water pipe
had' f rq'zen'!ii^ an'd Jfiett burst 'deluging*
the kltfehen.oi,7"\v^ereupon''"he rushed
out .tor;rthe1,"purpdseiof .getting ^soine-
th'ingl.witti which, to -make'a' hole in'
the floor to'allow the water to escape,
.and^' not.'noticjrig, the 'wjiijeCJLhatiwas
iianglp^;* inr'th'o' ¥asTiibbiifs'|/ Struck -hi»-
ingX-il;! so, badly/.thatVgrave;tfea"rs are
;'i- ..     ,t.   -  ^,-^V...-.-  *'- ' \,.   '*v', "rt  '    .. ... -
maidens.who went to Revelstokevsome
time ago are returning to;our, fair; city,
They are still single too'-'--•;■"""", < '
•7>,. ■■  7- 7 -".- 7 7:*y£.;: -
■""On.-the first* of the current "month no
less -than' nineteen ■• informations' had
been la|d against-varlouB'mine" workers
which were finally dealt with on'Wednesday- of this .week. . Practically all
the cases TT^ere ' concentrated' in the
trial of Brother Thomas'^G. Harries'.
L. .P^.EcksJteln; appeared for the defense'ahdHarry Herchmer for the prosecution.", -"A,, number of-.witnesses
were' examined and / cross-examined;
and a final conclusion; was' reached
about three, o'clock, whenvStipendary
Ma^strate'*i;S.' T. Alexander imposed
A^Bentence of t thirty days,7wifh •hard'
labor>-without the option of a'fine in
the',gaol,'at Nelson. ' ' ' y"~
■,"Whei^\the local train cam* along"
auit* a.crowd;congregated at the sta-
;tio*k->t-;Nata\\(Niew' Michil)' 'to'f give
qur'brother a'.rousingsend-off by slng-
inV'He.Va' Jolly Good^Feilow.":',. He
was not,.' only 'escorted • by; Constable
Gorman, but likewise'.as 'farj'as Fernie
by'seyerafof'the other brothers.- One
of these-entered into conversation with
Harries/;much to the-wonderment of
the officer in charge, who had been1 under the impression that he was escorting an English speaking man, and was
wondering, whether or not upon reaching'.Cranbrook it would be necessary
to look- up a Slavonian Interpreter.
(P.Si—They were', talking Welsh, but
don't-tell anybody.)-:
Hachkehschmidt" and - Gans were in'
Fernie* On Thursday accompanied by
their manager Emperor Julian.
Father Meissner is back in town and
has'resumed his labors of spiritual
shepherd and likewise we are informed
ony reliable authority showing • his
zeal 7 for ; the /.material ' well   be-
inr'b'f;,-i— of ?. ? ?     (fill
Itiltrie'name yourself,'„dear reader) by-
.counseling- tbo mine workers to go
ba"ck-£6.work"regardless of the organi-
zation.-"11^Althoughv there is special''
police to'protect the'm,the alleged s'ug-
gestipns were -not conducive to any
stampede to the lamp'house.'   " ■*'  .,
is^at^preB/ent-an*lnmate-pf the-Fernie"
Hospltai'ljree'elving' medical * attrition,
which,iit'iB to,"be1 hoped;may result In
ttie'-saylngfof' thfe'islglitf. ■./,,,;.);'   %
*rfVt^'-'-t','-.' p-^-Kv""--', rv'-''-'• -'.  '■■'.- ■ •
^^^'''•M!|p'HEL--N'eW8-; .'..■'«'_♦
.<j(^rf^;""V.'   :   ,'>'!;':{';'')>s.i^,V''rr.7..'t, ., '"^
<-:,i" V
A. Policy,
Ih a soldlor to help you In the.
OutWU   Oi   law, ,    yUuU   >wUi ,
i'Ii33d3jj,w Jjj* lu'uahi, '    , ',
■*   "" "l     I   ' '   '  ,
You Feel   .
You know thnt wood and stono
may bo destroyed; but a policy
'.n our company Is Indoitruct-
Ible, Whllo tho houso Is burn,
lng tlio policy changes Into
Inturance    Real Estate
>^dn^.M"onda^ 'nlghti-fast'^d^noe was,
given~by, Messrs/"Porter/"and Johns;
Light- liquid refreshments were served
and among tlie, latter., was a new'brand
of.; lemonade,-which .^o (.understand "a
copyright Isi toJje'applied fo'r'-under thb
Puro^FoodB-Act.,. -. Thp„.name this .will
be jvlfccod on'the market ,w|th ls '.'Lor
nionddo ala Rockfellor,". Dancing wad
it*optri^P.until■ the, small hours of, the
morning.'. y.'<';. '!, ;-;, ■,' ;*_ ;, *'
■. On.Tuosd^y.nlght'a goodly .crowd at-'
t'onded,.CbaB7b1Il'rl,Dn,8,talk on the all'
Important subject,'';; Deep lntoro'st jfvas
Bhown thOrolri an'3 numprous quostjons
wore' asked. ' Had the weather been-
moro favorablo Itfls' likely that only
tho' minority' of'our citlzoffs 'would
havo been absent, on .this "occasion,
"'The grand .football,'match .between
thb'HaB' BoonH, -and tho .Maybcs proved
of grbn't lntorost,^iind?VoBulto(l In a
victory to tho.la'ttor/liy a score of thrco
goals-to► one; „' ■' .',•'' '■
".•Mrs." Pnlmor.jiof .Krng,* was vlalling
Mrs, Laurons'on during tho week.    '
On'account of Uio c'ontlnuod sovoflty
of thpewoathor prevailing, and deBplto
all. efforts on tlio part of thoso attend'
lng, tlio fans - rind-piimpB a comploto
shut d,own was ncccsflnry bo,ro on Wod-
ncBday,"; Tlio ilghts which wero temporarily abandoned, h'owovor, wore put
Into ftbdpo,bo that the fllcUor was ,vlsl-
bib Intb' Iri'tlio'earning.
Normnn ^rftsor, formerly Buperlnton*
dent hero, .spent several days In the
communl|-'y admiring iho sconory.
Skating imrllofl aro now'the ordor
of tho day.yWp refer to tho Ico
skates,' nnd nii'.to ^ho Elk Brewery
combination.,' ■   .^v-   '■:-
Word hns bcen'recelvod from Carver
that ho Is'willing to'moct anybody who
will comply with tho limml regulations
dealing with fistic artists of tit's class,
Tills Includes Chas. Burrows, to whom
wo would uay.'Cltlior coma'through or
quit tnHting. '*  Talk,  Is   cheap but
»Vi(Ml«'«   *<rt\l^4»<     '' '       '*"
"'Al it     " k** WA      .' .      i   •■'    '
tjnilo n number of ntpr-rt mlncru arc
M$rvinB'*ftpprc'nl!co8h!p ns wooij but-
chors.and porlinpa noxt July lnt sports
wljt nM'ft neVformnnce of how lo cut
Itoon with tholr feci In n washtub,
Vonosila, mnd^ a run up lo Fornlo. this
woek^ y 7;fi ■ ' •
< ReRardless of tho fnct'tlint we hnvo
hdi qulto a largo Increnso In tho popu-
laiJon In Michel of special police the
Inr.iJ Tbis MM fi not yot coupfflff-
Tlireo ol' the contingent of Michel
. ' ■ ■""".,, . .   ... —...' - .        .   r ' - '   • *      v "i     "ft „"***" r
they are anxious for-,peace";'yet .the
chief magistrate • of the city issues
permits to three colored men, strikebreakers, to carry guns, thereby inciting riot rather,than'promoting peace.'
' "Therefore we emphatically protest
against'the said 'magistrate's action!
\     ."IMPOSSIBLE."
Give us/Lord, a bit oV "sun,
-mt"0'- wark*an,,*a bltro rfuu^	
Give uB.aw.'r th' strlfe'and'. splutter7
Eaur daily bread; ah* abit-o* butter;
Give us health, eaur keep to make, , '■
An| a bit to"spare for poor folks* sake;
Give/us 'sense,'for vb're, Bpme, of "us
't   . duffers" ,7 '',, -.    '
An' a heart tofeel, for.fiw that suffers.
Give us, too' a bit,of song,
An' a tale an' a book to help us along;
An' glvejis ajhare^sorrow's lesson,
That we" may pfoveTHeaw grief's a
..-.    -    blessln'. ,-• .
Give us, Lord, a chance to bo
Eaur grade!y best,.bravo, wise and
a-,. free; ,i
Eaur./gradoly ■ best for oaiirsels an*
• ""'' others,
TH aw men lnrn to llvo aB brothers.
Thank God for th* children in eaur cots
For tb7 babbles wo love doar,
Thoy 'molther us an' brelk eaur pots,
But Thank God' that thby'rb horo.
—From a Lancashire Lad on strlko.
■ That Frankenstein conjured into existence by the "concentration bf capital
the general strike,' threatens once again to return,and paralyze'the,British
railroad system, unless higher.wages
and fewer hours are conceded. -"• Having achieved a slight measure of-success in! their recent trial-.of this method of bringing the master class' to
termsi .and what is Infinitely more important, seeing the vast possibilities
that it opens up for massed action, it
might naturally be-expected that the
British railway'workers should again
decide to" employ it'-as the chief weapon in their struggle. There is little
doubt, too, that it will be much more
"general" in character than, before.
The undoubted fact-that the "working
men were to some extent swindled
out of the fruits of their ^victory by
the cunning of the'employers is likely
to bring the strike back in greater,
volume and several modern improvements lacking in the first essay. .
^ Much that has been said theoretically, about the doubtful character of
the -general, strike as a weapon and
even'perhaps bf its "impossibility," is
undoubtedly.true,.or'may merely for
the sake of argument be conceded; to
be true," but it is- very evident that
such arguments will have little effect
in dissuading the workers from using
it; If-the concentration of organized
labor -is" the complement of the con-
centrationjjf organized capital, there
is" no disputing the question .that future strikes must necessarily more and
more take'tbe.form'of massed or general strikes,. as labor becomes more
closely united for direct economic purposes fromi year toiyear. The-theorists' who declare "the "impossibility"
bf the general strike are^thus in the"
position" bf watching.-the ''impossible"
establish itself unner their very, eyes.'
The situation', recalls the dilemma.of
the scientist who issued a learned trea-
tise ^proving, conclusively   that-no
Or. de Van's Femnlc Pllla
ArdikbltVnai)> rtieniktc>nticHtJuM». TIjcj*
ptlfi »r« eirMrffnclr Mwrrfnl tn rrfntitlmr Vs
ttruutU* pofllotv ol Ike hmiWjmum. K«f*»«
Ul <ti«ap Imllillorii, t)r« (<• Tan't tr* told tl
ft* m«, *flS««l»f IW, Wr.ltii)in otit kMit»
X%* »«*b«U Drug C** St. OMtuiriat*, »>««.
For 8ati at ft[mMft Drug Btors.
steamship could possibly be construct-,
ed.to cross the,-Atlantic, only to discover that the first edition of his work
was1 carried across the Atlantic "in the
first steamship that made the Atlantic
passage.,-        «: -.-p    •"„> .,      .  ,.'„■'
In1 this'sense'thbre are many other
things fully as "impossible"-as'the
general ■Btrike.' Capitalism itself Ib
one of them, or is at least becoming
more and more "impossible." , If-it is
to-disappear at all, ns all Socialists
believe,; it is just because of this "impossibility." ■' • " ,
1 Doubtless, too, capitalism itself,
could it havo been brought to the notice ,'of a theoretical phllosophor of
the thirteenth' century, would havo
been promptly declared Impossible by
that savant. In short, tho Impossible
becomo possible, and having" about
played Its part on the stage of evolution;.becomes Impossible onco again,i
It is morply the natural cyclo of birth,
growth, decay and' doath, which applies to -&a economic - system equally
with any individual organism.
And tbo."Impossible" gonoral strike
ls without doubt to become1 moro impossible ns capitalism becomes more
impossible. In turn it, too (tho gonoral strlko, and for that matter, every
othor kind-of strlko), will bocomo Impossible, when It Is no longer needed,
whon It Is ln the condition that capitalism Is now approaching,
Tho failure of ono "goncro!"" strike,
or any attempt to carry out a general
strike does not bankrupt or destroy
tho working class, for tho ronRon thnt
It Ib that class wliiolr holds tho future
In Its hands, Nor doos such failure
help.cupltallBin—the docnylug Hystom
—In any way. On tho contrary, it
helps disintegrate It, and lho failure
It solt Ih merely tlio necessary proludn
lo a still stronger.assault by tbo Hnnio
mothod. Tlio Konoral Htrlko bcoiuh
to bo llko wlmt In said of domocrncy,
that tho euro for domocrncy Ih ntlll
moro ijomocrncy. In tho samo wny
tbo euro for tho gonoral BlrlUo Ih to
mnko It Btlll moro "gonoral" In character, Tlio Iobh "gonorar* It Ib, tiio less
clinncc hns It of success, and tho moro
'•gonorn'l" It can ho mndo, tho more
corlaln Ih It of biiccoss.
And that succors may not, and vory
lllcoly will tint, tnlcn tho form hoped by
thoso who ndvocnto It ns n menus of
Immediate or oven uHlmnto social re-
..I        ..-. i i..    ,. ,        i
lu.,.nv,i, AJUk    «.»..,»    *,».».>,    41     4, Ul.',    tit
tic nrflivmcTit :i?*n'Ti!<t Itn wo It wJU,
bowover. biliiK lho social revolution
nearer In othor ways.
Wo hardly, for Inntrmro, <ixpcct to
lice the cnpltnllflts, pnralyzod by tho
render tholr property offhand to tbo
victorious prolctnrlot In despair of being able tp operate ll thcmiolvcs. „
Much ns wo would llko to soo tbe
working chins march In and take pos-
»ftnnlmi of tho (ibrmilonml fnctnrlf>« nnd
work»liops In this mannor, and com-
nwnfvt fitierfitlnnn under thrlr rollor.
romnln while othfr factors nro dls-
icKAfdiil. Tbfre Is r««slbly much
more flexibility and elasticity In the
, 'On Sunday aftornoon last Chas.
O'Brien Socialist representative for
the Rocky'Mountain riding In tho adjoining Province of Alberta, delivered
a vory Intoroatlng lecture showing tho
development of society from oarly
day*,'pointing'out that oach succes-
slvoBtjagq of dovolopmpnt has boon
morb .'rapid In Its growth nnd consequently shorter In its porlod of dura-'
tlon.y.Tlio present ByBtcm, known aB
Capitalism, Ib inarching forward with
such BtupondouB.rnpidity that already
It has domonstrat'od the fact that by
reason of its Inadequacy to copo with
tho situation the Inevitability of Its
total collapse Ib, monsured In scientific ♦or'ms, bO'iud to ensue at no wry
distant dato. As with tho Individual,
bo with the group. It tins Its'birth
(.-rowth and liib frti'Crn, thon passon
uvny to mnko -.oom for tho nowor
ordor of things,
The body ,of tho Ornnd Tbontro was
filled with a vory attontlvo audlonco,
and scarcely nn Individual loft tho
ball, although the meeting lasted for
two and a'half hours, Iho latter pdrtlon
ot which was given up to tho nnswor-
Ing'of mimoroiiH quostjons. So far ns
wo could Judge tho replica lo tha quoa-
t'ens wero to (Im finciRfnotlon of vho
quorlsts.,-    ■ It      ,^    ,
in ins closing remarks he urged all
lu   itiuitil  A   AluJ)   UC   Vuv   nilbixiU   in
order lo l.«etlor understand tho philosophy, a philosophy, ho (old b!» b<>ar«
cr«, that could not bo fully grnnpod
In one short, afternoon's dlBPourso,
Ai \i\v rtoso ot Die Jiiociing « resolution was unnnlmously passed condemning tho issuing of permits allowing tbo
carrying of flrcnrmfT under conditions
nt present oxlatlng,
Tho following Is tho full text of the
"We, CItlz«rtB of Pernio, nsspmhlwl
ln mass meeting In «rand Th^fitn*. on' 1)u, owiktbIiIp, the vision run only!
Nov. 6th, wish to record our fcHInfw
nf the tbootlng ftffulr wlilrb took i»l*t-f
In town yesterday (flaturday).
hedge,priest,'.';-"ME(stership hath' many
shifts' before' It finally goes down and
out; -   " .-•"-,..
If'we were to venture an opinion,
tbe course and procedure of the general strike with special reference to the
British railroads and allied industries
will- follow something" on this order.
, General'strikes will succeed one another intermittently, each ' becoming
more "general," the method finally establishing itself as- a settled policy
of the workers in enforcing their demands. Some may fail, but from time
to time they will grow more "general"
and more powerful, and will wrest
more' concessions,, from" the owners,
until the point is reached where the'
railroad business will return practically no private profits to" its owners.
And when this point Is reached, or' the
certainty of Its being reached is plala-
lyseen, then mastership will'make Its
next shift., There will, be two alternatives.      - '       ., i.) '
The fir6t is literal, physical suppression, by the armed forces of the nation still under control of tbe capitalists, and greatly augmented for the
purpose.- . This, however, for a multitude of reasons,.is a most dangerous
policy and much more "impossible"
than-the general strike. Instea'd of
postponing social revolution,' it rather
accelerates its approach.,.. •
- The • other alternative and the' one
by all means most likely'to be adopted
is government ownership of the rail-
Shikm Ginv
roads, with; the capitalists of course,
as owners of the government.. This
will undoubtedly ,be ushered in, as
"State Socialism." ,,Laws will be passed constituting the. railroad workers
as".direct servants of the .State, and
forbidding the general, strike or any
other kind of strike."
; ,,The prohibition "will not have the
desired 'effect. -If attempted to be
enforced, it merely throws"capitalist
society back on the first dangerous,'alternative policy ,we have mentioned.
But'It will' giye'capitalism' a breathing
spell,''and a" chance to "spar for wind"
for "a. while,, which is the best it can
expect. .The'.genera^strike will still'
State and* Its-, property, y ''.
.-The final struggle will be a political
one, for the capture of the State from
the. hands of the capitalists, and such
capture will mean'the transfer of capitalist State, "owned' property to', collective property:'and" the establishment
of industrial democracy,' or Socialism.'
But up; to that'point the general
strike Ib undoubtedly hero to stay] It
has necessary, work ' to perform/ in
hastening" the death agonies "of the
capitalist' system,' and will only become "Impossible" when its destined
work, Is 'performed and- an Industrial
society established that has no further
uso for;It.- .       '
An "imposslblo" system can bo loglc-
ally assailed by an "impossible"'method, and wo, aro destined to watch
a groat many other seemingly "Impossible" .factors, ns the general strlko
Is declared to bo, tako a part In bringing about tho abolition ot an "'impossible'"system.;, In tho passing ot.tho
panorama of social ond Industrial evolution beforo our eyes, wo will behold
mnny so-cnllod Impossible things'becoming posHlblo and things that wero
thought entirely "poHBlblo"--llko capitalism, for instance—becoming Imposslblo,
Both theso terms aro relative at
most, and' aro used almont entirely to
oxpross n personal, individual opinion.
And It would bo well for Socialists
to boar In mind,' In connoctlon with
this, when they hear tho general strlko
declared an ImpoHHlbllty, Hint tho samo
term Ih iih yot applied by millions to
Socialism ltBclf.~N. Y, Call.
Mrs. ■ Wilson, lib -Wick3pn- Ave.,'
Toronto, says:-!' About four j^eairs ago
a sore spot appeared on_- the rjght
side of my face. -.This'spot increased
In size until It became about half an
inch in diameter and"very, painful.
I went to a doctor, but the ointment
ne gave mb'did not, have any good
effect. The' sore continued to discharge freely, and was' most painful
I' had it cauterized, tried poultices
and all kinds of salves, but it.was.
no good, and I continued to suffer
from it for four years! ""S "--' -'... '„' •■
"A sample of Zam-Buk was one day-
given to me, and I used It. Although'
the quantity' was so small, It seemed"
.tb'do me some good, so I purchased4
a further supply.        ' - -." -
"Each box did me more and more
pood,-and, to my-delight, before I had
been using Zam-Buk three weeks, I.
saw that,It.was going to neal'the
sore. . In less than a month it was
healed! \, "
" I know a, lady in the east of the
city, whose husband,suffered for
yearswith .an open sore, cm his leg.
On my recommendation, Zam-Buk
was-tried in that, caso.'1 The other
day, when I saw her, she told nie that
It had healed .the sore completely.   -
" My ^daughter* wboOlves In Leth-
bridge, Alta., has also, used-Zam-Buk
with the''same satisfactory result. I
think it. Is",' beyond all doubt, the
finest healing balm known."      ~ » ,
Such la, the opinion of all persons
who bave'really tried Zam-Buk. - It.
is, a sure cure,'for t.eczema, • piles,-
abscesses,'' ulcer's, scalp sores, ringworm,",cuts, burns, scalds,'bruises,',
and all skin-Injuries and - diseases."-
50cbox; all druggists and stores, or'
post'free from'Zam-Buk Co., Toronto,,,
.for price.. Jn case of skin disease use
also Zam-Buk Soap, 25c."tablet.
A Ledger M Pays
* '        (   W' j *   ■" ■'
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail"
Barber Shop
Baths,      ,
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool f
Coffee and Sandwich
HazQjwood Buttermilk
7   Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
51 -
Electric Restorer for Men
PhOSDhonol r««l°'« tvrry narva In the body
■ ■ "*K '"" -to III proper temlon | reilomi
vnn and vitality. I'rcmnturu ilflcny nmi all nexunl
weaknom averted nt once, IMtoinhonnl will
mitlta you n now mnn,, I'rlco »fl • Iwx. m- tw> fnr
i?■ !J.,,,L';|, l" nn.v «'IiIm»*. *'"» HootaiU DriUf
Co., St, OlUIU»rliitii, Out,
For Bala at  Dlensdell'n  Drug 8toro
H you wnnt
tlio flnustlom-
brand nnd
nolo how
nmeli julc.'
nnd ho w
mugtif ji.
tlii-r tlioy
P o»,
fill) ltd R
Secd!ess~Fibrelejs—Juicy and
Sweet—A Perfect Fruit
Five thousand California orange farmers,
raising GO per cent of the state's entire crop,
select, each Reason, their perfect oranges and
pack then under the name "Sunkist.'7   This
enables )'ou,to'recognize and buy California's
choicest, trcc-rlpcned oranges.
Until yiiiliavctjstcd a luscious "Sunkist"orange,
you, cannot beglr, to appreciate the excellence of
oranfjes that nro properly grown, rigidly inspected,
carefully packed and swiftly transported, Serve "Sun-
kists" on yourtta!)le tomorrow morning and learn the
superiority of trrc-i'ipcni'd, filirclcsn, seedless, solid and
sound ora-igiM over the commonplace kind. - "Sunkist"
oranges nre so' nearly all food that they arc much the
cheapest kind to buy. ■
"Sunkist" oranges are thin-slimied and are hand'
ticked. The "Sunkift" orange is a firm, solid fruit.
"Ask your dealer for the "Sunkist" kind and mako
'cure that each orange ymi fret ii packed in a tissue
paper wrapper labeled "Si'nkist." For these wrappers
nie valuable.      '     '
"   '       '"• j'T' I
■This Handsome Rogers Orange Spoon
tiiivci]2"Siinl(lst"ornnKo(orlomon)wrnppu<rsnnit sond
thu't) Iq iii), wllh 12c ta pny clwocox., paclilnu, etc.,
. mi.! wo will pruiiunt you willi n uronumu Uonors Or>
nnuj Kprmn. ol boMitlfiil niw OosIkd nnd IiId)i««I
~-     ■"'      I'rtr wll iititi.
fliMllly.   Ili-nln »<ivlii« wrnnpoN to.1«y.	
tlamil «|,(niii iliwlrml •uml |il "Hunkl.t" wrn|i|*r»iin.| Iii.
Ill rninUtlnil, |i|.i««(i huhI c»«l| wlion llm nninunt |i\
lonilliiiii 'iii'; mi iininiinu ii I kihi 'JOn.wn iirofcr ixnilul miUi.x
ciiviiiviiir.li r,«i>|iri.»»iirili.rnriiankilriift. ' '
r   , nn will I.A iiliiill'iKiiiii|;ouriiiii|iluiii list nf vnli|i*i1n |iri>>
_ minim.  Il'» liiiuor ImIIi "HuntUt1' iiuj "ll* I ll.ill' wruiMmn '
*f«r iiriniiliiiii*, i|S)/>
'California Fruit Growers' Euhrije, IOSKIkSi, Eiil,T«re*u, 0«t.y
City Lots, $44)0 and $450
M *. JtaJH.L«M^KdUhW
Mr. KIlai Itoir«r« UVtlilrat Af th<> rapltallNt ayatem (ban l« usually lm-
Crow't Neat Pa«u ConJ Co.), Mayor asln*.! by Soclallata. Aa William Mor-
ntcnsdoll nnd olhor public man. claim | rls teim old John Ball, tho "raacal
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Co., Natal, B.C.
)) E*.sl',ji;;:!?-..1
.-?»-,-. -_»> h
. -*■ J" ^
THE;DiaTRipT ijpgi^ lyglaig, B. c, ^b^^i im.
if 7
5: :
1.   -
:.*V '"
.\.. ■
t*kkkA**kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk*kkkkkkkkkkkkkkk^ HA!    OPERATORS VALUg
' ■<
- £»»»*»* »¥¥¥¥»^H
AT $1,500
Mining Congress Proposes jyeat pr*.
;       List for.Human Suff%r)ng ' -',
■ ..   -   ,      , Jc   'J**?!*!?*scale of Price* &r human
•¥¥¥¥¥¥V»yV¥.¥¥VVyV¥Vv¥Y¥YY¥» Ufe a»d-human ' suferlng,; ^^
timetable.      This  town,  called  Heil
' -wood, belongs lo the Pennsylvania and
-wood, belongs lo the Pennsylvania and      Opposite .the-hotel,tnere is- a reKtau-  from the mine he-is taken in the base-
.Maryland-Steel Companies, -who own rant,not a cafe, where one can obtain  ment of the hospital, -washed,, placed
♦ ha   enrrnnrtf'linp'   pmintrv-     far *>   manv    1..1. «i_      'j.    _i_i         Li- -        v. __ _*.* ..»._.      !^«  nA.i..u^.i *_ _ _•  j«     ,■,
the surrounding country,,, for-' many  lunch.except when'.- the    proprietor.
square miles.   - While not extravagant
„.» —       . _—...„0„„v   »uuib- uy   mm-  goes "nome   to   meais.   »uuui-«u
■with their money, they have built this  The justice of the peace has his office  dressed,
town with the evident object of secur- next door with a large sign' fronting
        . "» — -' ;, 1KS.-11.   uuui    »uu   a  laigc   sigu  uuuuug .'ireio   aio   bcvci.u   tjieruiziug  Jtyjju-
,ing a good class of minors and retain- the hotel that is calculated to" inspire ances in the building and such water
ing them.       .              ' ■■--            - -••■           - ' -'- *- —---- •           ■•               -    •
The   Cherry t .Tree
and    Dickson
ville Railroad, a branch .road jointly  llglous, and'to afford them spiritual
I ■■■"..
£Vy :■
y y  •
r -.
.   i
operated by the Pennsylvania and New
. York Central, has a station near I-Ieil-
» wood , called "Possum Glory,' and if
one desires to see this model mining
,   town (not model mines,'as they blow
up) he must tako this road or drive
from Barnesboro, 12 miles1 distant.
t. ■. At Heilwood the operatives of the
Penn-Mary Coal Co. live in luxury, if.
their dwellings and surroundings are
, compared with those of most mining
towns; indeed, the town has the appear
ance of a well-kept country village.
The coal mines, five in number, give
employment inside and out to about
1,000 men, and if to this number tbe
women and children be added the popu
lation of the town of Hellwood will
approximate 2,000.
The company officials understanding that General Manager H. P. Dowler
who lives at Heilwood, is more in
touch with the conditions that affect'
'the welfare of this little community
than an absent official could be; rely|
on his judgment in the matter7.of ex-'
penditures for the common good of all
.   concerned.        , . , S
--Realizing that Heilwood is to be   a
, permanent town that- must increase in
. population as more mines are opened
and the present mines are more extensively developed, all buildings are
•> constructed' in a substantial manner
,   and with a view to prcsenj "and future
'■ * sanitary conditions. The town, situated on high ground, affords good drain-
' age facilities and is systematically
blocked with ' streets that provide £
certain number of 50 by 150 feet b.uild-
Ing lots in each block.     Each house
'   has plumbing that connects with • , a
•' town' water system which supplies ex-
-cellent water from two wells SOO feet
'"» deep, andi'which insures freedom from
sickness due to impure water/-'. The
,'. management states--with,   satisfaction
that not only are the people clean and
v healthy, but that there has never been
... lii* the;village. The houses and town
streets are. lighted-by. electricity! .   ,
, ' ^Frequently    the    phrase    "mining
•'camp" is used by. writers, and it us usually suggestive bf a place of shacks
littered with  garbage',  tin  cans,' old
'.shoes, a possible dead cat or soraeth-,
Ing similar;.It will be observed, how-'
'. ovor, that the term village has. been
used in this article and.-Us "use is riot
,, amiss for the unattractive attrbutes to
the camp are wanting.
All coal mined by the Penn-Mary
Coal Co. Is shipped to tho plant of the
"   Pennsylvania and Maryland Steel'com-
' psnies where It is coked Jn byproduct
.ovens or used for other purposes In'
. the. manufacture bf steel, and this
policy is likely to bo continued indefinitely;     The company,   basing   its
. policy on the experience", of othor coal
companies, refuses to Wll land In the
r vicinity of Heilwood, the reason being
' that land oaco gono from Its control offers an opportunity' for undesirable
citizens to obtain a foothold In tho com
muni t jr.
It wns undorstood, however, that ln
Bitch a comparatively Isolatbd plnco
nrrangomonts must be made lo enter,-
tain commercial travelers and visitors
nnd to that ond a hotol was built,
nourishment two,churches have been
bu'iit, one .for the Roman Catholics
and one. for the Protestants. ,
. Going up the street,,the Hellwood
Company store attracts attention. This
department store, which is Independent of the Penn-Mary Coal Co., is,
managed by J. M. Thompson. Aside
from its general' cleanness and neatness it has a butcher shop that is new
and Interesting. Most of the fresh
meat is obtained from native cattle,
and since-such, meat is tough when
sold shortly after killing, it is customary-to hang tho dressed carcass
in cold storage for 10 days before distributing. We know of no other company which goes to the lengths in
order to please Its employes, and even
then the meat js sold from 10 to 20
cents less per pound than equally good
meat ' in eastern Pennsylvania.' A
short distance from the store and on
xtrie same side of the street' is the
general office of the Penn-Mary Coal
Co. This is an attractive brick build 1
ing with roomy offices downstairs and
excellently appointed engineers' offices upstairs.' . The building is steam
heated and electric lighted, with fireproof vault for storing such valuables
as are likely to be destroyed by fire.
Opposite .the office and some distance back from the street is the handsome colonial residence of Mr. Dowler;
however, he has not cornered Heilwood
residences. ~ At the end of the .main
street is a park in which, thereis an im
posing bluff-colored brick building.
7 This,,is the public school building,
erected and maintained by the company for the benefit,of the.children of
its' employes. At present there are
250 pupils with a corps of competent
teachers. . Opposite this building
there is a fine dormitory erected for
the--',women teachers who-room and
board there. '-'This building is supplied with'modern "improvements whicli
have~ been wrestling through the day
with budding ^statesmen and suffragettes. •-.■"-■■
.In a mining town of the size of Heilwood there is always more or less
sickness' among'the women "and "children, besides the ■ men incapacitated
through injuries received at their work
in. the'mlnes. ,- To make sure'that the
sick- and Injured are properly treated
the Penn-Mary company erected a hospital, which,' whilo not large; Is probably the best' appointed 'in the' stato.
Iii...it there are wards for children"',
men arid women, besides private rooms
all of which are equlppod with steel
furniture, sanitary base boards, and
curved wall angles to guard against
lho"lodgment .'of 'disease-breeding
germs, Mr. Dowler has furnished a
room Ih this building for the sick who
need privacy, that contains handsome
furniture nil ln onamoled steel'that resembles oak. The doors in the inter-
lor of tbo building ' aro stool, ,bUt on-
nmolod or Voneored to resomblo wood.
Doctor McKinley, tho rosldcmt physician and surgeon, had much to do with
the dflBign of tbis hospital and Its fur-
nlshlng.''1 Doing up to date and bearing lri' mind tho disadvantages under
which ho was compelled to work In
Thoro la a law in Indiana County that city hospitals, ho Instituted improvo-
innkos it illognl to tront (which must ments'which havo boon Incorporated
appeal to tlio fellow whoso host girl
baa a fancy for bonbons, ico-crcam and Iiiib a glass colling wliJelv'fumlahOB an
,HOda water), and Hince ills almost no- abundant' uuuply of light during iho
shuts- up  and- goes^home to meals.
the same feeling as the sign ."Beware  as is needed for washing wounds is Jones, of Pittsburgh, Pa.,cb^irman 0f
of the Dog."  As a rule miners-are're- '*"'*—' "~J -*--"—J *•-»—- «--•    +*"> ^~.~i« *	
_ _ .  ^ committee of the Amerhyan Mai^
'Tucked away in the eastern central   cessary for some miners'to have beenj  day; it is also equipped w.ith electric   Congress'I:a session bere,(Pfcmos^ for
part of Indiana County, Pa„ is a mln-' there is an irrigating station-connect-  lights .arid "portable electric lights and  adoptIoB7byv- operators' alV ovep iha
ing town not on the railroad map or   ed.with the hostelry, but so regulated  reflectors for night -operations
Hmofahio      Thin  tnron   />niiari   wdi.   that drunkenness is' frowned upon "'■■».—= '-■»—•■ •  •
Whenever an injured man is brought;
on a.cot and elevated to the operating
room2 where his/wounds are properly
There' are "several sterilizing appll-
— ._ „.  „ 0  „—^„ "  ,.    ,       , ° '■■ ^airman of
filtered and sterilized before being ap- tlie committee on workmetva comnen-
plied.   .Connected with the, establish- sation, and himself owner of tho ^7
ment Is an .X-ray machine imported anna mine, scene years agQ Qi         ''
from Germany, arid said to be the only
one of its kind in this country. ' The
spark is not' generated in the usual
way"by glass plates but by mearis of
rotating parts revolving by electric
motor. *   ..
In the basement there is an X-ray
room, bathroom, steam laundry, kitchen, nurses' dining room, boiler and-
storeroom. , .   ,-
It must not be imagined that because
the company has built a hospital at
this early stage of its career it fails to
take every possible precaution to prevent accidents in the mines. No manager vents a jniri injured and 'most
managers suffer mentally when an accident occurs, particularly if it happened through his negligence; however, so long as there is^ mining there
will be accidents, which'may be minimized if the men will co-operate, with
the management, and" not assume
risks.—Mines ari5 Minerals.',
In.thlB building.    Tho opornlng room
Mothtng known to Science is better for this
painful altmont than Zam-Buk.   it reduces
tnflammatton.stopt blooding, ends tho agony.
Easily applied and cleanly.   Why go on suffer*
Ing?  Why not try It? Road th* following cures.
Some Proofs of Z»m»BuK"» Power.
MR. TFIOMA8 J. IIOGAN, Champion Clog Dancir of Canada,
80 Ohnmbonl Street, Montreal, writoi:—
"For aomo lirno past I lmro 'boqn ttoublod with r/Jea, but thli
ywur I Buffered ao much thut I waa obliged to cancel a number of ongaftomonta,
I trlod all tho ao-onllud romodloa that woro recommended, biittliily aoemed to
do roe no good.   Having boon advliod to try Zam-Buk, I nuroliaaod a fifty-cciit
*.~* *..,a ....... i-ti'-i'■■)>" •**i-l» *•••.«.* J.4W* uuiitui totivl,   a umMnuou witn
♦b« Bnni.ttak *rM*m«nfc Mid iho T*\\t1 vm MUadril bito a pMjuwit.'ji t^w,
MIL WILLIAM KBNTY, of Upper Nino Mllo UlTer, IlanU Co., N. S '
Mya:—"I auffored terribly from Pile*, the jwln at time* Wing almwst 0„.
bearable.   I Wed Tarioua olntmente but all tolled to do mo tho oUglitcst good
I waa tired of trying remedtea when I hoard of Zam-Buk, and thouglit aa a laat
r*«r«ntr* T wohM M«i» tVI« tn1«i *i t^il    T-«^.—.» .«   • '     ,   «."
abort time Zam-Buk offoetod wliat aeveral other olntmenU and tnadicinea had
failod to elTeet~« eomploto cure."
Z»m-Duk alio eurai RC2BXA, HLOOO POISON,
SKfN INJURIES and DISEASES, AH drurrlit* and
•tartt. er XancBab &>., Teraato, |N»rt trtt tar priM.
RtfuM li«r»ful tub*Uluua,
8*nd thli coupon, aamt el
fMj>«r, and If ««mp 1«
7im-Buh Co., TttrnnM.
and riMiWe trial Vti.
To the Members of the United.Mine
. Workers'of America:
-Bridgeport, Ohio, Sept. 20th, 1911,
It ^s known - to us ,as' members' of
Local Union 13, United Mine "Workers
of  America,  located   at   Bridgeport,
Ohio," that Brother T.-L. Lewis has
been a member in good standing in
this Local Union since it was  first
organized in'the-year 1890.     We are
proud that Brother T.L. Lewis has
filled every position in the organization with. credt ■ to himself- and  the
mne workers of'the country.. ' It is'
a. matter of special pride to us as
members of Local Union 13, that Brother T.^L. Lewis .after retiring from
the position of International President
came back home to work with us in
the "Wheeling Creek'.Mine.. -
"', Whereas," We | believe that a number' of" District Officers", last year,
1. lirPllTatAfl^.^ATlrt^f ct— nnninnf  *P»A41"...-
-— *** ~— -M.vy\»^~. \liiv. I.U Uj^U.ilOt-^±Jl LJ 111^71 "
T. L. Lewis for no "other purpose
than" to defeat-Brother T.^L, Lewis',
and believing that thousands of our,
members, as well- as many of us,J
were deceived by false statements'
which were circulated, even in this'
District, and believing those mis-
1 leadng statements and false reports
caused the defeat of Brother Lewis
in the last election,
Resolved,' that we,' the members
of Local Union 13, United Mine-
Workers ,■ of.' America, declare 'our
confidence in the honesty and .In-,
tegrlty bf Brother T. L. Lewis, 'nnd
h's .loyalty to the principles of the
United Mine .Workers, and believing
that an injustice has been, done
'BrotherrLewIs last year, ,-'
Resolved, that wo, the mombers of
Local Union 18, urge Brother T, L,
Lewis to be a candidate for tho
position of International President
-this year, and In the namo of Justice wo nppenl to' tho United Mine
Workers of Amorica to ,urgo Brother Lewis to bo a candidate and to
support him for tho position of In-
tornatlonal Presldont of 'the Unitod
Mine Workers of Amerlcn.       -
RoBolved, that the offlcors ' of.
Local Union 13 bo instructed to'
give this lo lho press and- to send
a copy to tho United Mine Work-
ors Journal and othor labor papors,
for publication,' '   ■
Adopted unanimously,     On behalf
and by ordor of Locnl Union 13,
ALBERT  BRITTON,  Presldont,
GEO. I"), SCHiraD, Pin. Scc'y.
., - over the
country: -,-  - . c' - . .,
,  _ Here are the PricfcB • '7   -
.. For one life, $150..     /"
7 For one leg drone arm, ^qq •
,  For one eye, $250.    7"   •
For maimed'hand, left, «250- rlah't
$500.'     .      -    ' ' '    snt'
, For one finger, $50 to $100.'
The.' report was mad«„b>' John   H
For a long tlmo It hriB boon ovltlont
Hint mnny loading firms hnvo boon
combining In tholr own IntoroBts In tlio
snmo wny nn Trado Unlonlstn. Now
n consldoriiblo numbor of Inrirn mnnu-
fnrtnrlng firms In London havo follow-
od milt. Thoro la to bo Innugurntod a
Kodora'tlon of Manufacture™, nnd a
circular lina boon sont to n lawo numbor of prominent flrma naklng tbom to
Join In tho scheme, In tbo ovont ,of
n strlko the now federation will try lo
piovldo protection for froo labor-
blackleg lnbor—to prevent Intlmlda-
Ion and to atojv any "unfair" picketing.
Of roursfl. tbfl pmnlov/TH nrrt froi* to
tnko what Htepa thoy plonao, but tbo
working c1i\hhob should bo Informed
what comblnntlona nro being nrrnngod
fiKalnst tlit'in, Sblpowtiera lmvu 1o|ik
since beon'gupiiorllng ono another
through tho Shipping Federation. Tl^ia
body now hns tnlren another nton to
combat striken. Tliey nre of tho opinion thnt tbo predomlnntlng cauao of
fltrlkwi la tho artificial rcatrlctlon n
tbo supply of seamen, ao thoy now bur-
Roat tbnt tho ahpownora between them
iihould take 1,00 boy a for training a-»
ablo aoamen,1 which acberoo would In
ttiuu iiiuduiiu an 4jjttia uuindy of ttullor*
It ia ovldent that tho tnaatera are
aware thnt «n overatof-kfy) lahor market, rodurea wngea nnd ronaldcr thnt,
In cnao of n atnigmlfi aomo of tho inowly
trained teamen would alkie to tboablp-
ptuK cQWDantca.  RcyuoWu'.
rlble disaster/ -      •"" "l>a ter"
. According to Wag^8,
The committee reported that $1 500
the amount scheduled for ofce llf'e ^as
about the average of tbr€6 yeara.
wages of a miner     "   0
Jones said that the operators had do.
elded to attempt .to frame:a7general
scale for deaths andinjuries as "apro-
tectlon to the miners and ..their families against lawyers" and "ambulance"
chasers." '  -- .,,   ^ -"
., The operators figure that'-the ia.inil-
les of miners loser money by being com
pelled to pay lawyers'"fees when .they
sue foi' damages. 7' y> 7 ,   '""- '-* 7,
; The report recommends that? all operators adopt the-scale given; arid'that
miners begiven a.chance tq'-acceptlt;
with the provision that a-Buit" by/a
miner or his family, bars recovery-of,
the amounts set fortb. -  ■_' '.,'.',,' \* ,'i ',
■_.   - ■    Outline,Industry"'Y- "■ '  ■"'.
The congress will probably adopt the'
report today. At the session; recently
Martin D. Foster, chairman of the com-,
mittee' on mines and mlriing,vputlined
tbe work of the federal government lri
aiding"the industry., . -,""'7; '-;.-y .: -'<
. .The first snow "of the seaaonl—Ttils
should remind you that, ;noV Is the
time to get your' storm, windows andr
doors, and the place ls KENNEDY &
MANGANS.    Telephone 23.' ",.     '.' "'■-
Official Ballot
Election of Officers
Dist. "No. 18.
For President
Vote for One  -
POWELL,   W.   B.
. Fernie
For Vice President
For Secretary-Treasurer
\ -j
Ho^ Iriter,ns;tionalSbardl:]Vtem ber^;
-...',.-•     ,'.-,-"     .'  ,    ;. -. ■" -,•
Vote for One '".'•'■ 77. »
i- .
-  'i' ■
HARRIES,   T.   J.
JONES,   J.   O.
MoNAB,   D.
r      ■  ' '
:y-v-" '-.'5;* '.~-.-;:-?£\-~:£"''-'.-t\' y-i'.y :> >;y. ■*">^'"'W^"'^'* "-.^vi
~y.* \ .• ■' ''""',-"• yy',<7.Y V"^ y'°,!?,yyy'■',■*'•-'~yr!-t^wy*' •y-'*? ■>,
"• "'■ ' .   '---   .- i ''■*■'» i-'-y-y] *-'" ^■'i.,.- 7 ^~:"''?yj.'rV ^'i^S,'-: 7.7'- ,-W 7>7"
        , .       '•...;:Houra:"8^0rtoH•'2'fe.B.7.•■:"'*1;f'^;',.
lution against'.the',National GiviceFed- %V':'   . y-y V;1  'J; .*'-. „ ;.!i7''7y
*raUck-^OB*.^8B^^V^Mtipns^ y.^e-s!-defce: •21''.:-Y^i°r?^*nu?v/,',;'':'•."•? 'i!
r.nnv«nflrtn   nP''iYi^'TtVii.ijA >"»*«««  xir-l^"   -  1-^ ''* 1 ^ " 'y't...",..   > ■"*'-"
'• AdolpE'Geimer; the mari'whosVresch
?ratIoV^OB^s^d-^Vth«J: national
convenfidn of7the 'UnitearMirie •Work
" caiidida|te!;fbr Sice);
lefs in Illinpls,' ;:/f
', present- heldjiby :
in   io4a  Yltl^I r\A-**At"   ^
:e.>h"o;^S"l^ScandK X*?**>'"RONALD :and.gLANE';-;";-- .
lentof7the";Ill|noi8^ninr /Fer^c^B&^k>H1^^a^^1,:y-,',
hn"K..Walk;er;'to'e*pr^- ;   -   r^-, -.. ^'v -.y^;^-.;^, .,^ t..^-;t_i-.-
.Groce Law'reric'e,
date for- president
ers against'' 'John7H.'.Walter;' "the!pre^- :
sent'incumbent.   -^"-'.77^.',.7;C'l/F?
-;'Germer has been) a."candidate!."
the leglslat'ufeVori- th;e,'jo'cIfilist''"tic
and'is one.-orthe bfeVt"^6#ii-.'o^tl
"younger ineri among'the',miners.?'"'""*"
has "served:. with - great • credit
tary-treasurer.:;of subVdistrict 6' of the
United'Mirie/VVorke'rs; r-Vi -' .' y^pr
... "     - -v^.-: * -,"    .-IKi* 'j,  ■• l > '.v.-^-
1 At the last conyention,!o£ the United
Mine Workers'he .led the fight on-the'
Civic .Federation, finallyj'BUccee'dlng in'
procuring not,only the'passage,,,of a"
resolution of "condemnation. of';-7that
body, .but an ainendment to ttie miners'
F.^ C.. Lawe ,-.£ •■--%j.«AI«d V-Flt«ii*jA' '"- ^
v .-    ; L^j^m^^y-- j-^.7 _ "y7
y y     '.Vattornbys -tv's I;'' iii' ".;S. '■, ''y;y
'. ''' -. .'," ^-Mf^w-'t/isA.^ >; '<.yy<\
■   .  '    -• ..i.>r.-..'y... a   ■■''•. .,.','-;• j> V
,uoay,,uucan anjenament to tne miners' J~~     '.      ' '. •'■ w.,-. '.-... .v;—>*'* \^:-'7
constltutlon'forbldding aman from be- •"*'' -   7 L,'„ H.;\ ^UT^AM 'p*y ',y ^?,;1 H,, "'
lng both^'a member of the Unlted"Mine -"'.'■'       ' -. V"*''-;"'.;'*7/;^V,'-\y7\;'\7lt |
workers\oi\A- tho'Tnt^rnnMnnaiThiwin  Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public,'ete;   '..• '■<   "... j
workers',arid'' the internationalTblyio
.Federation.'.' -- '.
Feroie-Feft Steele
I ■>.-..),
For District Board Member
GRAY,  J,  W,
    Voto for Oho
Large Airy7 Rooms & '
• Good Board
Ross & ;Mackay ?m
'V 1,' 'v-i
,, *. *.,-.„. ,K
'%., ■"'.      v .-"-a       n y"
,     *     - '( \ I ' '" * T   n
' 'i* ^ 1 ■     1 L I"        V      ,1 " (,
! ^'7y yy^*,y,:%'* „,
-  I ■ • V .      -*   -> \
.: *>>;'. > <i   -v a
"*■"— —" i»a^ —
. *.\
7 l(7y7^^ ■;,
A.-JMcDougkll,' Mgiy,
Manufacturers of and Deal-.
ers in all kinds of Rough .
; arid Dressed Lumber* >'f
' \*\    .j Vjf
r'7^,7xy.,^"7::7<, i.. .V    -
t .■-; 1
Stanley St.  - 'Nelson
Doit F«mlly and Worklno man's
Hotel In City;.nloely furnished
rooms with Bath.', , Dedi, 50o.
each, mealil> 3lic,s
A Union House
Prop., J, 6. BARR ATT
Voto for One
LEES,  Wm.
su)B.DIflTRIOT No. 4
Nowhare In tha Pa'aa-'iaah hii '
found. In such ■*.display ot*
i»i -j,
Bar; Unexcelled.,
■'.., All WhiteHelp ,:  ,"
.. • ii"'.*.1 - „ - *'.   ■'.'''.   '
V   Everything^'   ;/•;''
;7y   O:, -,'     -   .
,*■■', ■ .f<-">   • ,"
*  Call in and
.see us once. ■ •''
Wholesale Liquor, Dealer
■ ■ ' '        ■ \
WHnmiijHm.niM.iii ■jiafuau
Dry Goodi, Groceries; Boots and Shoes
,, Gents' FurnlshlnjrB ,s
Lizard Locnl General Teamsters No.
141. Moota ovory Prjilny night nt
, 8^ p. m/: Minors' Union 'ilall.   W(i
AWorthlnRton, Proflldonl; 13. J.
,  Good, Socrotnry.
Vziiciuleiy Lacai.Wo. 614; Mectu ind
nnd 4th Sundays ut 2.30 p.m. Secrp
. tixry J. A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel
. ■•■:■•.   1<: ■■:
We have the beat' money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mut> M
ton, Veal, Poultry, Dutter,
Bags, Fish, "Imperator Hams
anb Dacon'' Lard, Aaussgas,
Welnera and Bauer Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phona 56
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Xkwia £.\i ttuU mu i'liuudhy Minora
, Union hall,  '[)). Hooa, So\
Typographical Union No. BBS? Moots
last Saturday In each month At the
Ledger Offlco. A. J, Buckley, i8oo«
rotary.        • •
Local Farnls No, U II. P, of O. Meeta
In Minors Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Seorotary'Tretaurer.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Jolnsrs/-Local 1220.   -l>. i. Kvans,
, Preild«nt{ P, H, 8haw, Secretary.
i- ll -•^''i--. ^^■^!i^"A*i*i-i?-'3A:i'-'r-"" .*■ "*-ii!.";--''.-.s' :>^ir^^^i^^m^^^m^^^^^^^^\^^^V^FSS^^^^^^^^^^^^^
I -^■"■•^■.v-:Vrt:,^-;->^ vVv* 'r'«r^t",;" tc^-V"'^-*/^
ft.-, -, •' V77-\ y^.J7"7? •'- --^:-'"-:7~   "" .'.-""VyV " .7y yvyV- -77 ',>"* '"^CV-^V'-"7:      -" -7-" 7
l\ e'i -?";,: -yr'rVv,:'.. "f" ry»r.;<*-_--  •:,.;'   ,.-..',-     *,%U -" ,      ...     -;.    -.;-.-y.'-', -■"'.„-«  -r" - :.       • -\
I.     - .    *   ~,     ,   -fi.~       f .•',,,. ...    -   ■,.-      .v   ■,    .      t ,,".- >    ,      t-.   .        A-.'jr.in, - -'V  ,     ^. , -..      (>'
?.£^*w>*.£.- i.^^^'^ri^'
'77y v>%;y%i';
I •. ...      .. ..- L
..v.-,*'*" ■'"> ">>■>'<
-jj "
[I %;.*    ,  f&'f;
0Ur^6rMgfi BMothers
;"■• -    ■ -   WHAT WILL\.THEV;»0 NEXT?
, ■ /y':-\, v-7y By'Frank'Bohn-"^ 7*' '--
V '," . tThe-Wholesale-Girocer ■ statesv,that'
7-.^-6,O00iq"00 ba'gs^of coffee^" (2,400,000,000
' '■■', --, pounds) were thrown,into"the sea .off
' y   the'coast of-Brazil.. The purpose was
»'■'..7.'to*'hold up the'pri'ce of coffee in "the
-„ American market,;:, f(The number giv-
■•' ',   .•enHeems excessive! _ But were,it,600,-
• 7' \'oi^onlV.60j000,7the/character, "of-the
y*y deed'\yould still be* the same.)   <r-      -
y',y;'-.'The following news item;appeared
'j*J.\." in ^he Chicago'Daily Journal, Octo-
,';',,, berjl8. ■ ;- . -■"'."' "    v    *.v , ..   ,,-',-
. \ ,  . . 'CofXee hits highest price in"twenty"."
:" -  "years.     AdvaiicesVllO per cent since
'„ "    1909;  best grade%5 cents a" pound,
r;„     ' wholesale. ,   When coffee^ best grade
■'.    ..Brazilian, hit,- tho^„35r cent a pound'
y       mark at wholesale'today it set a record'
y   that has not been neared in a score of
.,y:years..,' ,"When"this top notch figure
J1,' ;wa,^ leached.'t, represented-a 110 per
"-    cciit increase In the last two yea> 3 lind
'j\\\->]   iuiirke'L the.' euttessVbf the, so-ci^c-d
;";',7 -,-\: niiiiilimlation by the^Brazilian.Goviro-
-.;.•" --([mont and the ""noneyl" powers in Oer*.
7; .;v yf^any' France!'Epgland anft the United
' ;. >;" '     States.." r The .orily; relief we - may ex-
>T°7, -.,.- ".'pect'in th© future* said one'prominent"
y -;*•,.' .;dealer,vIsAarr'eforin-in the. Brazilian
7y.\  ' y".'Government or aa"'improbable soften^
'"' , ' ing'^of the'"hwenHs7''..p5'';the . money';
" ;:- ' 7 .powers.'    f .'^K'.'jiyy...7, -r . '-' ..." \r"
7, ;". upon  a..,foundatipn"pf' slavery the
- 7 profit "system. has greeted-1 a ■ pyramid"
-.j   of crimes, ^>The;;p}ie5is\m'ade;u"p of
;-   -every'form orcrueltyfaii'd^vjckediiesX
" -".which; the ruling; classejiiof' the .ages]
y have handed down-'oneltp'^the^bthenty
'•   -t. Each ruling clas^V with''"accumulat-"
''",! 7 ""•"-1?S-:pWer,^ with; greater-/knowledge'
7'"" .-    and .more unbfIdled'*greed'.'ha's^added
;;; '. y'.,Btbne'.unto sitone: ., The'top".stone of
,:;..;, ...the pyram'd:>-jvhi'ch:bearsNdown'.upon
r U .'--'   ...the flesh of .the 'working,class has now
1)7 ,',.,;   been/sertn lts7place'./-,:''     .    J  y
1 *'  -'' '''" T?iev' ^™^%?%™, 'starves' millions''
',<>'.•    ^ne.Pr,of!t''system foments'wars.' The
" ...' . ''Profit "system:-'!creates ■ hundreds' • of'
"...     - ^thousarid's"S>f^lcriminal's *: whom ,' it
""■-'' ,'th™8ts/into;fo«ivprIson"s/where they
.. -'    7-labor,,go insane;,and''die; "'..'" ,,'" ,
:. ,-'. ' Th^e crimes7against<;humanity.are
j   y'r "Regenerating.bur\race-and prevent-
'^ ' ';-7 ;lng civilization.,"/;; ' ■!;-,; M--  -"■ .'^.' '"
M i'v J      ^e culminating crime' is now being
"[ 7 •p-7accoinpls'hed^b>,(ihe • trusts.";7Upon
.;' "7,/ tirst" thought'; it! does',not, appear in" all
-   • ",Nlts. naked ^meanness ,fand; wickedness''
* ,7 rttrseems ;.tb ;have ^bydo "with' property
,' : -;,:, alone.y;The.;human aspect   appears.
* 7'i",. "only uP°n ^second, thought."     »■ ,s*
7:7     '7.'7Tlle facts   are. briefly as- follows:;
": ; ; tv?116 "M?^?n Banking- Syndicate Moan-
' 7v 7^ tot thVgbvernment of Brazil.$50,0o6,-.
'}, '.*';■ U°0,   "^8 Payment for In'terest^.perhaps
principal also, it,'was' guaranteed■ the'
■:   7V,;BrazlHan Government's "share"of the
..-  ..coffee ,crop. This share" amounts w, in
;,at least many cases "of large land hold-.
7 ylpe', one-third of;-, the .whole harvest.,
v     .' ThlB year th'e'croip waij;inimense, un-
* •':       T'recedented,'- ■ The, part   which   tho
;•'..   -   Brazilian. Governingpt had to turn over
'.-   - to tho. Morgan'syndicate is reported to'
; -.  ■ have,amounted to'"6,000,000 bagB) 40p-"
'x   ^ pounds in a.bag. v^This was enough
, ,   • ' "to glvo 26 -pouridp rtb each Inhabitant
of tho. United States.     To, have of-
"fcrod'this for-sale In tho market it
would havo .reduced"tho price bo low
. that for" ohep each cttlzonln tho world
mlght'have'had'all the,real coffeo thoy
y    • wanted: Ty-Bubiyio, cheaper for thb
hi  ..    trust to sell chlckory, dried plga' liver,
etc., Jn place of coffeo.    Under tho old
competitive system, whon tho workors
;,, .     Twd honpod,up products which they
77 ,   woro tbo poor to buy back, thoro ,was
,   ,.■ ■ nlwaysa panic.   The. trust'can prevent
■  a panic and Increase profit' at tho
«amo tlmo. •■ How?'  By throwing tho
nurplus food into.Uio aoa whllo tho'
hungry worlcorB wrio produced it look'
on nnd starve,
, Whoro tho trust has dovolopod a
monopoly It is quite posslblo for It,
, within certain' limits, to control prices
., Wth 0,000,000 bnga of coffoo at the
bottom of tho,Atlantic "Ocean, It Is'
poBBlblb.for'tho thist to'mako blggor
profits than wltu 0^00,000 more bags
ef coffee; for sale for profits In tho
morkotB of tho world. Am] this In
tho proBonco of Boarlng prices, unom.
ploymont nnd tho actual sturvatlon of
unemployed nnd ovopworkod nllko,
Tho universal excuse glvon by cnpl.
tallam for tho profit system hnH Iwon
that both labor and capital havo boon
paid.for   tholr  «orvlc«B~that profits
.bec,ame new, capital • and; that- .iabbr.
was/thus agaih„employed.''■*'■ "What'ex-
cusi?'. can';' the .defender of" the .profit
system:offer .for the wanton 'destruction of the:.bpuntles of natufeTT-the
product bf'labor!— thie en'cessitles-of
life?,J,.v':*'■;.- ^ ' ; 7*;:*'..,^";? ■
'.^Prices continue'to,rise.'- --7Wages:*db
"notrlse.. . Let it.be told the; workers
ln every;nook and branny; of.the land
have.hot'enough to eaVthat the plu-'
tocratic system commands-them'^to
that. * while they-' and 'tbeir families
destroy with -their, own;";., hands the
food-they have produced'"lest they
get too much of it back' again at.too
low-a-price." ''-' ,'r '
; If .any act of^capltalism over merited , "an - Investigation' and nation-wide
attention sthls 6oes. " We hope, that
Comrade Berger will,, honor himself
and serve the cause by making one of
his first' acts at .the opening , of: the
new'Bession of Congress the -lhtroduo.
tion of a bill providing for'an investigation' of "this ^matter.;: Let' the plutocratic agents-Jo 'Congress vote It down
If"they'will7;^-They;will get their'an-
swer from' thV; Socialist party'during
thei'nexi: campaign. r\ « " ".,; -
y. Is^any .further; argument needed-"tb
prpve'tp. the^ deaf,-' dumb - and'. blind"
that the machine-process permits,'the
workers to,provide; enough .'and to
sp'are-'for.all?7v■Who,"'dares'''"s'ay that
poverty; 'is:>Jpnger necessary ?' "V,Who
dweB"bpp6se;"k shorter workday?"kow
lopg7w.lir;tlie proposition of the-social
o^rBhip, of. the; earth arid-the ma-
Shinies be .opposed by-a; working'class
[enslaved like beasts of- burden in the
industries and ,,hbunded' '• like vermin-
form the" feast ^their ,'labbr vjias" pro
vided"?^7 "777§;<^^.y.7;,'.   .
'        '.'   '   -'7fe^', ,-/".' :".;.*'- 7 ' ""
♦ ♦♦■'♦ ♦-"«•> -•:,
♦ .    Alle „ steenkool     mljnersV^
<•>•  worden verzocht weg te.bllj- '♦
♦ veri van Alberta  en_Eastern.-♦
,♦■ ""British- Columbja;, ."daar,. "tfe"..
♦ werkstaking  moghlet ;ls; op'' ♦
♦ "•:geheven.   ;     ..7'   ;     7-.   -;   ^>
1 ■■'/%
- The nominations fbr.different offices,
for next^year^-'eleciipri,".which*' take
place the second Tuesday in December,
are as fbllows:'-'-7' y ■».' ;"■-  y '  ■■
PRESIDENT^/.   •B.,':>oweil,   Cole.,
'■; / manjrpreserit"lneunibent^",***TT*7'"7
.' J.^SmithrFernie.'- 7 "".«^     ''t
-y^>vt:%'y.y. „ .» ,..^T'. -.-. .:   ,;■.   ,
VICEiPRESIDENT.^fClem Stubba. jNo
-.•*,",-; copteaf hence elected by acclama-
;..;  t'fia^^^yyr^y.^, '._:..,;";
7> Carter.' '^The like honor has been
d ."bestowed'upon tHepreaent holder
■ '< :of .this office.    ; V\■
.,;Owihg to the retirement.-,of'Chas.
Garner/of Lethbrldgeras International
Board '^Member,' U.JIb' expected/ that
there will be a very Btrbngly contested,
fight\to" fill the vacancy. The aspirants are as follows: ,':;..'
,'[ .Rbbt.-'iEvaris,-Frank, Alta.'' ' -.■ '
,';*''W.; Qraham)' Coleman.
'T. J.Harriea^MibheL. r-1
,' ,J. O. Jones, Hillcrest.   .
7, D. McNab, Uthbi-idge.' 7.-, *
,-.  D. Rees, Fernio. 1 ,.
J. A, Tupper,'"H6Bmor. ■■"
8ub-Dl8trlct No. 1.:' ,
■ ,1 J. W. Gray, Fornlo (elected).,
, , Three conteatanta—W. Carruthera,
"Frank;   E; Christie,, Bellevue; , D.
, E. Hyslop, Coleman,',      ,,,-.;
Sufi-piatrlct No, 3! -' "
rS{;two contestants:"'
«y L. (Moore,-Lethbridge;
E. Brown, Tabor  •
Sub-Dletrlot. No. 4:
7"..',W. Lees, Bankhead, who was returned without opposition,
' = ' 77^
Anyonp having nny Information' concerning Joseph Victor Trottlor, who Ib
believed to have worked as' minor In
plUibr .Alhortu or B.' 0„ Ib oarnoatly
requOBtod to commimlcato samo fp
Mra, M. TnqTTIBH,
'■   ■/      277, Sackvlllo St.
Toronto, Ont,
The Strange Dream of a Poor Peasant
Woman Proved tb be a .
Reality,;. '-      ;..'.
A poor-peasant woman living in the
lonely village of Wagsellye,. in Hungary, was notified by the post-office
authorities in the neighboring town
that a sum of $1,000. was Iying.there
for her which had been sent by her
husband from North America. , They
told hertb bring witnesses to establish her identity when.she came-to
claim the money. „The woman went to
the mayor of her" commune, who gave
her a certificate., It was, however, too
late to.obtain the money on that day.
During .the night two horrible apparitions appeared to the woman in her
lonely cottage." These "ghosts" said
that they were the Devil and his brother Death,' and that she must give the
money that she had brought from the
post-office that morning to the Devil,
as otherwise'he would give her over
to'his brother Death. The Devil said
that, her. husband had stolen it in
America, and that thus it belonged to
him. The woman,."who was terribly
frightened, said that she had not yet
got the; money. .The "ghosts," it ls
alleged,'compelled ber to swear that
she would deliver it to them next day
and departed.' The peasant woman
went to the post-office and asked'for
the money!.., The postmaster said that'
he wanted'witnesses, and she replied
that she'could not pay them to attend
as' the money belonged to the Devil in
any .case. She then related the incident, of ■;the night before. The postmaster gave her the money and let her
go.home," but acquainted the police
with her story. They watched the hut
that night and arrested the "ghosts,','.
who, it Is alleged, turned out to be the
mayor of the commune and a relative,
who had;.when .the'police appeared,
already taken possession, of the money.
7yam hermits.
Eccentricities    of  . Millionaires    are
Many—Seme Live All Alone
7 -   7     -   Jn Garrets, , „ ^
List of Locals District 18
' «	
Dnnkll0ft,J P. Whootloy, nankhoad, Alta,
Beaver Crook. p. QaugUton, Beaver Crook, via PInchbr'
WW"0 J. Burke, llolleviii*, Frank. Altn.
iiiBiraioro, ,, j), j, choso, Blairmore, Alta.
'■""««'* ......Job. DorbyBhlro, UurmlB, Altn.
Carbondalo,.,, j, a. ny,|0 p> carbondalo, CoJoman, Alta.       ,
Card,ff• • •• '• •!. J.' Poole. C nnllff, Alta. *   ,
Cnnmoro ,'  n, V, Tlmo huk, Conmbro, Alto.
Co,omiin ; W, Qmharo, Coloman, Alta.
001 *»»»> J. 'X wlgff,   ('orbln, B, O.
Chinook Mines .... Wm, Forsyth. Diamond City, Alta.
Diamond City..... Joaoph Nairn, Diamond GJty.'LothbrldBO.
p«"t|0 i Tho*, Uphill, Fernie, B. O. '
Prftr*. • • O. Nlcol, Frank, Alta.
noim«i' « W. Baldorstono, Hoamer, B, C.
H,,,pr<,*t l-O. Jones, Hlllcroat, Alta.
Lethbrldfo L. Moore, p, 0, Boi'llS, Lothbrldfe
T^thbrld^ CoHlDrico Frank Darlmjluuu, mc, vUH Klop, Alta.
,"J"6 W. L. Evans, Lille, Frank, Alta
Maple Letf .'. m. (lllday, Maple Leaf, nelJome, Alts,
Wlebt! M. nurrell, Michel, n, C.
Monarch MIm.-.- Horace Woo dlfld. Taber, Alta'.
PtMbnrg J, mKMi   p*asbiifY, Alta.
Hoyal VFcw  Tfiflff. n. W«?^r, Ttoynf Cotttovtca, L*UiltWB», Alta
Taber.,,..., William RoMtlL Ttb«n Alt*,
^ber A. Pattwao n, Taber, AlUu
vieen more strikingly demonstrated
than by-the story, of Mr. G. E. Derlng,
who died at Lockley Hall, Welwyn. -
■For the greater part, of half a cen-
iury this lord of many acres and of a
quarter of a million of money had been
content to' lead the life of a hermit, in
bis magnificent home surrounded by
a. thousand acres of park land. His
valuable • pictures—by Holbein, Fra
Bartolomeo", and other old masters—
have' stood for,,a generation'stacked
three.deep with their faces turned to
the walls..        <-, -, ,   ,
' (Jorgeoui carriages, rich with heraldic painting, lay rotting in hla coach-,
bouoe; his front door was overgrown
with ivy as high aB the, stone shield of
arms that crowned It. ^Not even a lamb
was allowed to bleat within hearing of
the lord of this desolate mansion; and'
even the high road was diverted, that
no sound of traffic should vex his ears.
Thus, amidst dust, decay, and desolation, lived and died, the owner ot $125,-
000 a year, shunning the world and
scorning his wealth,
- WbAN) Sir Henry Delves Broughton
was Bitiing at his attic-window, a man
Infinitely .richer was walking the
Btroots of St, Potorsburg ln tho gulso
of a beggar, pockotlng tho alms of
oharltabla passers-by, and gleefully
carrying back his spoil lo IiIb miserable two-storeyed cottage ln ono of
tho city's slums,
.This was the only "palace" of the
multl-mllllonalro Solodovnlkoff, whoro
ho lived, amongst hla decrepit sticks of
turntluro, with an old housekeeper.
Hero ho, would Bit Bhlvorlng through
tho cold wlntor days, too mioorly to
allow himself a flro, or even to, brighten tho dark house with tho light of a
lolltary condlo. For twonty years ho
was only known to woar ono suit, a
'thing of shreds and patchos," scarcely
1 vostlgo of tho original cloth remaining. And yot this sordid-living hermit
wnB ono ot tho greatost landowners
md railway magnates ln all Russia—a
nan who left behind him a hundred
million rouble,], far woalthlor than
many klngfl, ho led a llfo from which
■uost poasuntB would havo Bhrunk.
A fow yoars ago thoro wob no
pvoalthlor mnn In all TnrlB thnn M.
Colasson, who for a gonorntlon hud
lived as a pauper lu two rooms ot his
tnagniflcont palace In tho Ruo Galliot).
During all thlB'period ho novor onco
'oft his splendid prison, and no ono
«vas ovor allowed to ontor It oxcopt his
uno faithful attondant, who kept him
luppllod with his dally food of broad
tnd eggs, Ab In Mr. Dorlng's caso It
was tho death of a father that con-
ilgnod him to his hormlMlfo, so with
M. Colnatton It wob tho tragic death by
flro ot a lovod nophow nnd heir, In
1874, that clodded htm to fornwonr tho
world and all its vanities.
Within a fow wooks ot tho. death of
M. Colaauon there died In an a'.tlc la a
IJorlln alum ono Horr Schwarz. who
,.  , 1    . .  1       1   ...ii   ,.      . .
^teM    **,.,*..»«    tf   ...    |"|..t,U    Ujf     4,*fe   UL,lt%W
horn na tho pnoroat of tbo ■poor, 11a
tallied out dally into the fashionnblo
quarters, drcaoed tn raea and carrying a «Mk in which bo collected crutU.
Ho lived alone nnd died nlono, n
nere bag of bonoi—surrounded by
flchna; for In hla room wan found *14f).-
»mi—■in «tild coins, stored Jn scores of
lara and bottles, and In bank-notes,
with which hla pillow and mattress
woro stuffed.
For many yonrs Mr, Pholps Stokes,
jno of America's richest men, lived in
Dne of the shims of Now York, Inadins-
tho life of the poor amonaf whom ho
worked, and spending on himself In
i year less than his Income for a day.
<\ fow years uku Mr. Ua* How lunihil
Ms back on his palace In St. Louis and
renounced his right to % million of
Money, to tptitd his days In voluntary
poverty In one of th«v w0»t wrr-trlwd
<lume in the city. Hero, In a solitary
'•who fn a (viwiH for ,«-*if*, i};f ti-f rex-
111a cooked his own niMla, marl^ hi*
i«rn V>ed, and rounted hJmiclf txtrava-
<ant ir he apent moro than two dollar*
% week on himself.
The British Weekly's Forecast ofTtne
Destiny,fof the Dominion of" ""
Canada ',    ":-: ■
"The future of Canada is .illimitable,
and it is. strange to think, that it was
only about 1870 that the vast possibilities of the" North-West were at all adequately realized. /Since then the im-'
pression of the. physical greatness and-
resources •, of Canada ' has /steadily
grown. There have been' difficulUes'of
a great kind. The nation has seemed
to half at times, But whatever temporary" checks may come, there is ho-
doubt as to the rapid and certain increase "of the wealth, 'the population,'
and tho power of Canada. As Principal Grant powerfully and convincingly
argued, a nation' so conscious of its
strength and its future will not consent to be merged in and dominated
by the United States. At present there
is no comparison between the population of the two territories, and annexation by the States \yould mean the
suppression of the potent individuality
of the young nation. Goldwin Smith
never took.full account of the depth
and power of popular sentiment, and
we believe that Canada will be more
and more content to reckon herself
with the Motherland and her - other
Dominions. But obviously the place of
Canada by-and-by '.will be wholly altered. In the nature of things our
little island cannot develop as Canada
must develop, and we look forward to
the day when Canada will attain a
relative importance which will deprive
Great Britain of her, claim to a metropolitan position. Of course, in a sense,
Great Britain nrust always be the metropolis of the English-speaking race
ln general, and of the British Empire
in particular. But as no limit can be
set to the increase of Canada, readjustment must follow, and when the time
comes it will be adjusted on the lines
of greater,equality. The form of connection ^ will change, butt he change
will merely strengthen it. We may.
cease to be alarmed by the spectre of
an inevitable - disruption of existing
ties.'' Canada has before her the high'
destiny' of the chief place in the British federation.'—British Weekly.'
The Greatest of Hie Mlrac'es Was'the,
Driving of Venomous Reptile's
Out of Ireland ' .   •"'
It is wonderful how many Irishmen
there' are in - Canada on tlie seventeenth of March!- Everyone who has
the .slightest strain of Irish blood displays It on. that-day, and , so many
boys and girls' come to school decorated with a bit of Paddy green ribbon
or a shamrock-leaf In memory of the"
patron saint-of,Ireland.,
St. Patrick was born about 372, and
years of age he was carried ■ off' by
pirates who" sold him Into slavery ln
Ireland. There he was employed for
seven yearB as a'- swineherd, and learned the Irish customs and language. He
escaped from, captivity and reached
the continent where he prepared for
the priesthood and was ordained bishop. He then with the authority of the
Pope, returned to Ireland to preach the
gospel to its inhabitants. It is said
that St. Patrick made uso of the shamrock-leaf to Illustrate. the Trinity of
God, and since then it has become the
emblem of that saint.
The principal enemies'that St. Patrick found in Ireland were the Druid
prieBts whose enmity was so great that
St. Patrick was obliged to curse their
fertile lands so that they became
dreary bogs; to curse their rivers so
that they produced no fish; to curso
their very kettles so that .with no
amount of fire could they bo mado to
boil; and at last to curso the Druids
themselves so that tho earth opened
and Bwallowed thorn up.
A popular legend relates that the
saint and his followers wore ono cold
morning upon a mountain wiihout flro
to cook.their breakfasts or warm their
limbs. Patrick told thorn to collect a
pile of snowballs which ho breathed
upon, and thoy instantly became a
plooaant fire.
Tho greatest of St. Patrick's miracles waB that of driving vonomouus
roptlloB out of Ireland, und rendering
the Irish boII for ever after hatoful to
the Borpont race Somo historians relate that St. Patrick accomplished this
feat by boating a drum, which he
struck so hard that ho knocked a hole
In It. This would have endangered
the buoccbb of tho ralrnolo had not an
angel appearing, mended the drum'
The patohod Instrument was long ex.
hlblted as a holy relic.
, la 1831, an Irish gontlomon being
anxious to loam whothor tho climalo
or soil of Ireland wan dofitriietlvo to
sorponts, brought half a dozon harm.
Iobb snakoB from tinglnnd and turnod
thorn looso In IiIh gnrdon, A week
later ono was killed and tho idoa that
a "ralo living Bnrplnt" had boon found
near tho burial place of St. Patrick
cauBod a groat noiiHatlon nmong tho
country pooplo and somewhat shook
tholr faith In their boloved Bnlnt, but
thoy hnvo quite rocovorod It, If ono can
Judgo by the numbor of peoplo
throughout Trclnml thnt 011 tho bovoii*
tenth of March 010 wearing tho uraen.
■—Canadlnn Farm.
Holder was to "Pound His Feet" All
the Evening
In overhauling somo old momorandn,
juubu k,. rt. ajv, «* .ouurvui-ail, Minn., 1
dJU'UVMX'd   U   IMS  il&Millljii;   UuilkeU 1
nnd family to a lecture Arilvtwd Jn
Fur«o, Sopt. 18, 1R90, by his' hrothmr, 1
tho famous humorist, Dill Nye, On tho
back of tho pars was written In Hill
Nyo'u own hand: "Tho conditions of
ltiik phtifc *rv xhb.1 ttifc ticrtdttr inuut
mirthfully pound his feet on tho floor
during the cntlro evening, whether be
wants to or not."
•tat* or Own, on or Tnur*, #
MYHnirv-rr fM.
FlUVE J, CMfcvM luikrt <u»tli (fall (* |t mlai
turiKtt of tt« arm cf r. i. Citinii m Co., .lutn*
l,ii*tni>M in tti*. City or Tulwlu. r.mniK »■«) vt,i,
tt.rf.uwl. M.a Uui tutu t.rirt will fwr tlm mim nl
1 M.  IM-MUIl-IP IKil.t.AllS Stv iwVwhI™ mr
fliu* until a*t. '
. . . hunk ».oh;ni;v,
Hwar» U> Mat* m* ud *tlMrrtti«l to mr r*««Nin>.
tfci* «t tby of InttmUt. X. l», man.     ''
. ~*— 1 A. W. nt.RASOV,
<| l»»l J N*.M»T ITMK.
ir»U« tVlinfe <»m to (Sim fcifwiMlfr »nt nrt.
iuittiky itt*-u Um U»«»l im iwi«w «wutt-t M im
»>»!<».  ***4 M imunanUUL. trr*.
r. /. njKxr.Y a 00, Tew**, o
ftiM by tit ltru»»(«w. !t«, ' ,,H"* w
Ttt« iiiiii'» I'traiir nm fur ixmiupuiixi,
7 «.,; ."'•
The Paper that gets there
<f Advertising that advertises is the
sort  desired  by   persons 'seeking     ■
publicity for their wares.!;   y' .
,   ^Selecting'.the" medium is import-    '
aiit—the publication that reaches
the people y- the . wage-earners—
.    should appeal to the -discriminate
'purchaser of space.; \     7
Cf-Its an easy matter to acquire
-. spdee in a paper 7but its another
,    point to .get adequate returns from
.the outlay/      >
Cf Advertisements that sell goods yyj
are the, ads' that .change ofteri and yl
make interesting reading from time
to time, giving facts and, figures.   ,
C|f Any arrangement of type;;matter:
and words in a paper is;n6t adveiv'
tising.     A yell written ahd: neatly
displayed ad is a source of informa-;
tion that will not be easily'passed v
undiscovered.    Discover your busi-1,
nes's with the use of Printers Ink.
<F Get acquainted: with your customers, meet them weekly through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you* do
this you have' gone a long way to-
, wards being a success.
<J Let tlie new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
■^ Tho   District  Ledger   lias  the
largest circulation in tlie Pass and
should bo your special inedium to -
toll your wookly story.    Ju«t try-
can't toll until you try.
*     : tv -
■■■' -Ti.
- !'"
If I
'A I
■-' •.'17/
^-.. rt-*.-. t^*i
.K "v
-  "■  i"    «. J
' {• * *> ,    (
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger
dm "Sv'v-
'. "-t > "*
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t. 1. -
'-77. t • f     ;,-
yvy y-
•y-f^r.'., V; £
'   ^ .     *V   \"7■   v ^k'^VlV-vS'    ,/ .    ^   "l""-     .-v "*       "**•
- 7„-,^-.>S';^
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1MB DMTEIOT MPf^'W^ :B;?7C^w6yBO"EB. 11,", 191-1
■ t*. <^i
i- .   v
*- - •
ja, "■ \
(■ "'7'"
i --,'-
Finnan Haddie, 2" tins for ,.'.''.'.'...'     25c. -
2 lb. jars Marmalade ;;......."; *: .40° •
1 lb.  jars .Marmalade' .'". .i: ..-....:'...    20c'
2 lb tins Table Syrup  '.' .7.... -. ^10c-':;
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins for-..-..' '. ' 25c.
Toilet'Paper; Oval and Flat, 5 pkts for".... . 25c. '
Colgate's Toilet Soap, per box ...... 25c. and 30c.
1 lb.  Jars Honey    :v -.    30c.
2y2 ,1b. Jars Honey- '. .V.   70c; ^
Baker's Coe<?a, VL> lb. tins :...-....  -25c. ■
Cormneal, }0 lb. bags .....-./:'..'...   35c. "
Domestic Jlcrrings in Tomato Sauce, 2 tins
for .-    25o.
Dominion Parlor Matches, 2 pkts for;    35c.
Colgate's' Talcum Powder  ..'.,...-......'..   20c.
8 lb. bags*Ogilvie Cream .Rolled .Qats ...." 30c.
5 lb. pkts Quaker Oats 7 ;•;'•'•"... • • •
Banner. Oats ...'.' ;;?.'.;:.:.'.
Old Dutch Coffee, regular 50,c,, special
1 lb tins Old Country,Tea '•''•"':•'•'■•
3 lb."tins Old Country^Tejv ..'....!...
3 lb, tins Economic Tea ..-..' '....."
Large 20 oz. tins Cream, 3 tins for ...
C. and B. Jam. 1 lb. tins .. ..■
.  15c.
Ladies' $1.00, and, $1.25 Vests or^Drawers,   -
Special   : ......^ '   75c.
"„. ;.    Ladies' Vests or Drawers in Natural,- Cream.
i<-    and "White. -   These, are made from all wool, and
.   sold regularly at $1.00 and $1.25. -.'     ;
Saturday Special, each-..../....,. ; 75c.
50c. Wool Stockings ... *<-,...   35c.
Boys' and Girls"heavy ribbed- Wool .Stockings;
a good heavy stocking suitable ;for winter wear.
All sizes..    - ' •    v •- .' '"
■  Special 35c. per pairyS pair for $1.00
^Children's Wool Golf Coats'.in,;Nayy' and Car-
■ dihal. .. These are made from heavy'-worsted wool
iri three sizes only, 20, 22, 24?:'; Regular $1.25/
■:;  ^Saturday .Special-;/. ^:-A..y. .y'^jjl.00      '''
"vGhird.reri1's"Wool,-Toques, made;'iro)g all wool, .-
>in?,Cardinarand'Nav^, and assofted, stripes.
v''\y Saturday Special /... 7.../.'.;y.:;-*£   25c. '7
"And .gr^at.'-was" the fall; Oh-my
countrymen." ^ ' ■"" '■        ".,; 'B •   .'   '   <■
',   ~,   •    7~y7.-,'.
,.It la understood, that . Mlas   Jean
Strachan. ls contemplating a trip-to
Scotland In the near future.
-. On or.aboiit Wednesday next'it ls
reported "that o'neof.our citizens. Mr,
E. Moor, ivell known in financial cir-
cleg^ will start on a trip to Lonlon,
England. -   7 y - -      -
Thos. Dreronach, the man killed last
Saturday night on the C. P. R. trackby
a passing freight train was burled on
Tuesday afternoon from the parlors of
Thomson and Morrisson.
„,Tho demonstrator of Cowan's Cocoa
In tho Store of Trltes-Wood Co. is having excellent success in convincing her
visitors of. the unequalied qualities "of
the, cheering, invigorating and satisfying .liquid.
We have1 a lengthy communication
from Wm. Potter of West Fernie, but
taking into consideration that he makes "the statement that he has still further matters to touch upon, we would
prefer to have the whole in our hands
before any reproduction is made.'
About 3.30 (Friday) a man believed
to bo'called Frank Adams, upon coming out of the. Post Office, fell to the
gorund in a fit,' and upon'being brought
back to, sensibility h ehad another attack, and when; our Reporter saw him
last .he was being taken to" the City
Hall.       .   t .  ''. °        ■   y
• J. R,'LawryVvrho bas been'assbclaN
,ed ,vrith the- Bank''.of HamUloin";in-the
capacity of "manager, has,fqbtalne'd a
well-earaed. promotion. -- ■ Hey's- -jio^r
inspector; of 7 Alberta branches vof^ the
bank, and^wiil hereafter."make*- Calgary, hia headquarters."-" / '; «•'»->
A SNAP.-rrwill sell,my eight room"-
:d, modern-hosise on Lot 8, Block 38,
Macpherson .Ayenue, for ?1,950;J $1450
vasb'and'Tthe.-balance in. 12 months.
Tnls'housSe'isr'on a doubfe'lot and has
electric • light, bath,- etc. '•' Apply, F.
Miller, Box 4; 4, City Heights.r.Van-
couver B.C.."-'""';   ■' 7." -' 12-t.f. '-
y-7vy7",'y.';■.•■ ,^."'••7^^,y-"y^;7j'y.h^.-^v "-''7--" 'T'.'l. ' ;7"yM
M^yl:^ .7^-r^ f;' --l-'-ryU'f :'^vV;";7jv -7-,y7
• •The.f Irst sKow of the. season I—This
should, remind you ,that, now is the
time to get.ybur storm-windows and
doors, and'the,place is KENNEDY'&
MANGANS. • Telephone 23.'' ' ,'-i
'   .   FERNIE    ,     ,7
•\>y,-..;-}?   . »>.
\- ,s
-A*ri%r"' .-^f-T/rrsM
;/"''   ''
As we have received numerous qtier
les arient the city snow disturber, we.
must .request our -correspondents^ to
make application of^ .the' .city fathers
for permission to view-same. We
have not heard of a mortgage being
raised on it to meet the mayor's stipend nor to pay the fathers their five'
spots.; -    -
Riding a horse you;thought was nice,
Warranted sound,and free from vice.
To fall off in.the middle of a ride, 7
With ..little boy"s hollering, "Why don't
V ■''•  you get Inside!'.'", ,   .  .
' 7It's»really, very, unpleasant,       ...
," It's"really."very unpleasant,.      "' 7"
But1 it must be endured, you know.*
.   (The, balance, of this" ode, will appear in a later issue, „  Specially .de^
dicated.) ■    ..;.-"   :\      .      .
It has been felt for somej'ime-that
a Circulating Library would be a great
boon' to the people of Fernie, and jsvlth
this object in view a.few interested
people met together recently and decided to proceed with the formation of
a library of this description. It-was
arranged to make the subscription ?1,
and as the managers of the Knox Presbyterian- Church 'have been, kind enough to grant the use of .the basement
it wai also arranged to use that place
for the present as, a library. Persons
subscribing have the privilege of each
naming one book which they would
like to be secured for the 'library.
Subscriptions will be received by
the Rev, Mr^Grant of the Presbyterian
Manse, or by^Mr. J. F., Macdonaid at
the Home Bank of Canada. It is hoped to have the first consignment of
books ordered* by December 1st. and
the beginning of the new year.
We trust', this -laudable enterprise
tb have the .library'in-operation-by
.will be supported by. all interested in,
books. It 4s a standing reproach to'
a city the size,bf'Fernie with so many
cultured inhabitants, that there is no
circulating library.
. Intending subscribers will confer a
favor-by paying the subscriptions as"
soon as possible ^in order that there
might be_no" delay ln fcommencing op-
erations7;7- • * ,   ■ " V  '
. ' \ .V    '-"■':7--
Michel,s B.
C.',\Nov. 8th.
'.Mrs. B. Evans, [Of Rossland, ,B. 0.,
President- of-vtbe' Rebekah'Assembly,'
I. ,0. O. F. .of'-British Columbia, .will
make her, annuai;visit to Esther, Re-
,\He way a raw recruit,,and Irish toor, provided,.and, of-which all Rebekahs
taking hia 'first lossrvn In rHIner.''' Th'«   o^'n'oW *X »«*-"...
taking his first .lesson in rldjng.'' The
Instructor told him,he must sit on his
The Wreath That Wreathes
Your Face In Smiles
Y^U can^ help smiling wheiryoii see this little
, *    -wreath in a Suit or Overcoat
It brings pleasure and good luck—like a four-leaf
clover.  * '
It's the sign of honesty and satisfaction—of true
worlh and economy—of value given.
This wreath is the trademark of the founders in
Canada of the highest grade hand-tailored garments
for men.
It goes into every genuine Fit-Reform Suit and
Overcoat as the makers' guarantee of style, fit,
fabric and tailoring. H57
,i \,
Look for it in every Suit and Overcoat you buy.
horse1 for fifteen minutes, according to be the guest of Mrs. T/Beck, Howland
instructions from headmiArtarn. ' Hnnr.   ln!anu . "I '  .     '        . - -- .
Instructions fr(oin headquarters.' Scarcely, had he mounted the,steed ,when
he fell off, and the instructor severely
reprimanded him for disobeying orders
from headquarters. Whereupon.our
Irishman with ready wit replied, "Yes,
sprr,.'but I, had cancellation orders
from hindquarters.
',Mr.' James' Ashworth, formerly lis
charge of.'.the Crow's Nest PasB Coal
Co.", was a" visitor in Fernie on Satur-
rtiiy. leaving.«>n,-Metcay's castbouud
local,,. ,'.    ■    ■   , '.,    ;
,Thle gentleman ls now a, resident in
Vancouver; B.C.whero he^lias opened
offlco as expert' consulting engineer
and valuator of mining properties and
„0n page 5 will bo,found tho advertisement of tho Union Land Co;, with
hoadqunrtora at"Natal, B,C„' offering
property In Port Albornl, which ban
developed at a marvellously rapid rate
nnd Judging by what 1ms transpired ln
tho past fow months thero Ib ovory
ronson ip bollovo prices will bo Increased. It therefore behooves all
Intending purchasers to tnko advantage now that tho chance of getting
property In a country, whoso possibilities nro boundless at figures within
reach of tho purms ot tho small Invos-
tor. This is no bluff, but n straightforward buslnoflfl proposition,
At tho residence of Lockwood Kay
tho Rov. D. M. Thomson, on Wednesday IiibI, Nov. 8th, united In llio bondu
or matrimony Archibald Lhka and Mien
Sarah NIcholHon WIIllnniH, both of this
bekah Lodge on.;the evening of-the ^^
10th'. inst.  7. dnr-thie. occasion - eight ed.-He has- taken' a"l"eadlng'paVt *S'
;■'Grand; Jewels-.will hfl nr*>spntV>i1*  f\ehtiriv'nm-'v.*,,i~~    V.J.    -     -i '-'•>;.-'
Past-Grand-:Jewels.will be presented? ilg^rig^dur_^battles^he_wa's-alwa
Suitable v entertainment will also be
are asked tp..,n6te»j}.
While in the city-the President will
>l-A,w 3,
.- At,Sloux:Clty, Iowa, for making a
candidate, "ride the goat' to his alleged physical .damage, the Modern
Woodmen/of America lodge was ordered to pay,$i;0Qp'byi Judge Henry
T. Reed' In the federal court. -
, This Judgment; ends, a famous caso
which" has. been on'ithe.federal and
district court docket since 1908, being ,hed on continuances and negotiations out of court.'.' "      ,
The plaintiff who receives the |1,000
la Julius Deel.,- Deel sued for $25,000
damages. Ho alleged ho sustained a
sprain of tho spine "and many,cuts,
bruIscB and lacoratlona.whon ho was
initiated Into tho ordor nt Spirit Lake,
Iowa. ■ , ..-'
The Crow's Nest Tracing Co.
Tho Blnigplo between tho trade un-
loniiit and tho non-lrnilo unionist Ib
gettolng wook by wook moro oncuto.
Tho point Is thlB, that tho trade nn-
lontBlu linya IpvIob nnd fec» to uphold
IiIh helnlr rnlBnd nnd melhodn and
hours of work being arranged ho iih to
UH.*.., U|flUUUW .iit.tut,* Lliiuiti ill, (O.IIV-
hijr. BuMlic .mm uiiUaOi'l xulux M
t1w>BO ndvahtngeu without paying n sln-
Rlo penny, nnd thnt Ir what nnnoy» tho
trnd« unlonlBtfl, nnd qulto right too,
On nil hands there Ib formpnt In rogarrt
I.    IM . ,(        1. , * .    .        ,t
\. a   .,uu    k..*. ,. .  ..,».    't»-»4.,..»L.,   4.W*   kl.ll   WUA»
cotton trade It li getting moat ncuto.
In fact, In somo of tho Lancnthlro districts, there In quite a cruando orgnnlr-
vA flgnln*t tho»o non-iinlonfBtB who
wish to reap tho bcnoflta obtained by
tho tinlonl«t«. The only w»y lo for«»
non-unlont«tB to Join the union it to
rf«fiuif» lo work by their *lrt»», ami UiU
Is now Wng done in ipwny fillB, and
the Idea will be farther extended. Tbo
employori aro In a difficult potltlon.
but the old, truUra, "United we ttand,
divided we fall." will t»U In the teng
run, and the employm, aa well nt tho
non-union!*?, will hive to recognize the
The onormous expenditure .that a
war between two great European powers would ontall can bo seen from tho
following details of tho cost of tho
Franco-Prussian war of 1870, which np-
peai'B In tho currout Ibbuo of tho Army
ond Navy Gazette; published ln London:
' 'Tho cost from July 17, 1870 to tho
38th day of tho following Mny, on
which day tho treaty of Frankfort was
ratified, wan 1,012,000,000 francs, or
about $385,000,000, this being for war
olmrgofl proporty so enllod. This Bum
worlts out at somothlng l|ko $1,500,000
por day.     , '
"lint It the clmrgoo for tho provlBlon-
ng of Paris, the support of tho famllloB
of BOldlorn, the malntonnnco ot tho In-
vndlng nrmloH, contrlbiitloiiB ImpoBcd
hy tho onomy. loans, succor for tlio
vIclImB of tho war, repair of dnmnire
done, or other Indirect oliorgOH, and
tho Indemnity of $5,000,000 with ltu In-
torcst bo added, tho total cost of tho
war Ib brought up to'tlio coIobbbI fig.
uro of $1,"OS.ooo.OOO and to ii rnto of
some $8,100,000 por dny.
"Tho cont of tho war to Oormnny In
estimated, with contingent chargofl,
and tho ordinary mllllory budget' lo
hnvo boon $075,000,000.
"In moilorn condition* a year of wnr
,,U1.l.l ,„ai i |(<|„,y )t,i\n,wu, %uhm lor
C.cnmny \hv uulpy liquid iv wat-
thing n]>|iroachlng tho void sum of
To the Editor,-'pistrict7"Ledger:   :-l '
Dear Sir,—Through"\tbe""columHB of
our [paper I would, like'.to.-point out
to the members of the-wording"" class
Interested in the "struggle of us. miners
and mineworkers that we -areonly -getting served . out! to-.us'-\tbe- kind of
"Justice'.' and "Fair play;' that >e' as*
a class are askiiig for and "supporting;'    This    is-' rthey "Imperialism,"
"Patriotism,"   and,'Britlsh^Vfaif rplay
that was so 'much prated'about,by
those political procurers 7 called," Conservatives at the last general "election,
and for, which the workers, of "Canada
have" undoubtedly Voted.-;   We. slaves
of Michel have certainly had it served
up to .us In great "style, and to "show
how  I-must relate a little history.
The latter end of last month, for-the
crime of picketing and trying to stop
a few scabs from- working,' some1
nineteen'summonses,-were served on
several of our' members,, the informants charging all kinds of crime, "assault, intimidation, unlawfully following on a public highway,' unlawfully
watching  and ' besetting    the   -company's property,' were some.    Oii^of
those cases was tried before J. S. T.
Alexander,' stipendary magistrate on
October 27th.'    His' Worship 'reserved
his  decision  on, this  case ,'(Brother
Thomas Colquhoun) . and   adjourned
the, others till the 7th, or 8th of November... . When 'court sat again on
the  8th,-. instead 'of  taking  up. the
cases that were laid over "from last
sittings, Bro." T. G: Harries was ,made
to face a charge of as*sault,'presumed to have"* taken place on 'the first
of the monthy It is now a matter of
record how, our brother ■ was convicted and given-1 thirty days,hard labor
without the option of a-fine; all the'
other  cases, being  dismissed. '    To
those  of- us" who  took ■ a  part' and
closely .^watched  the  whole proceedings,  the affair'was" cut .and  dried
from' start to finish.'' The whole of
the governmental machinery' was ap^
parently'set in motion inTthe'-captur-'
ing  and  conviction  of- this brother.'
Bro. Tom v Harries .was well liked by
a majority'of JMIchelltes; he was'held.
In high esteemn as a union ,man, being
ex-president, of. this  Local;"'he -had
large .influence withi th'e;foreig'n4peak'
ing. brothers i'of. this: camp'for "the'
benefit of "organized labor, and" last,
but. not least", he" was an active mem-*'
ber. of, the ..Socialist Partyi *'■" These,"'
Mr. Editor. and brother members'are,
the-.characteristics'   and '■ crlmes^fp'r
which.this.brother has-been "convict;
w;"-' 9s*™ 6ffi?v*K? p^p^;'i^;^^v;v^-y^S'^ '^■
|f-7' "33anuer;Oals,-5!b''^tgs7with 'china;'^ry^yr25cV-;V; ^7#;y'.y
i; / ' keno'g's-^hied. (iornfFla^es/3-|oAy;7• .7"25o.:%<&-7 ^
,<y ., y ' Boiled_ Oafs;(f:lV sacks 7::\p.>ilA'J:^^t:r_30o.\ r- >.'-■ .Qy\
\:'-y . Buffalo;Oats,;5;ib;"-pkgs;yfor,'*7'\-V'. 'i.Ky^^So. 7y ^ Z l:&Si
§.*.•. -  Pure Ai>ple Cideiyfor making mince-iueatt"".'. "7;>J7;. J ,--'-'r"
"J  v*"* "* g*ll«'^«'« .......,,, •	
<y /:'.-'/st. Chafes Cream;t3;for'..."...',-
...;. 7,...-25c'.
. ' 7, Cowan's.^oeoa, 1 Ib'ting..!'"
| '. '- Co-vyan's Cocoa,'% lb',; etosjf2 for ...;;'..".'..■ ;55o.;' -';f^ ^y'*\
i 7y .'-; Cowan's Unsweetened Chocolate, y2 lb;cake,- 25c. ■^1^Vi-•9V;,5?J
<-y" «    SterHnglkand Extracts, 2 'oz bottle '.".•.' ..I'.V." 10o." 7 ^'>rV>V-.'.;.;'*J
j; .;. . y Citj*n.P^ ;.y^^TjfV^dc1. „7 /. y.; v'7
< ' ';''•?,Orange and'■LWon^eeii!piB^ib.\^,;V.':\T?tii5o.^    •*, i':~ 7    1
* -'.- 7'v:7Fresh'Fwfian'Hadaievand^^^ '"' '
2 -;:' ''- .U'VV; vAHy."";; -V-' K ■ --' '     : -       * -   ,--.'-:-•v *f''- -. v,
at the'service "of the boys['7be.'was
honest and ^straightforward ;' in' "hrs
dealings .with the ,men,; and the "cJm-
pany offIcIals"to "sucK, an- extent' th'at'
heihas:become'an "1'undesirable"*1ci'ti-
zen-.ln-"the eyes-ofvtbe coal'opefa'-
tprs-of.this Pass;'?, :Ia7thIs to:be;the
end.of it?.: Are we going;to\allow
such a' bare' case of discrimination
to go.unanswered? The'Michel men
say No! - and "with ,the. help', of 'the.
other members of DlstrictUS; will"o'n
the 12th of December-give the Western Operators our answer by- placing Bro. T.G.. Harries as-bur International'Board Member. ' ThlB-ap-
peala to'ua men as'the only-thing to
do. - Bro. Harries' chances for earn-
lng hla livelihood digging coal In this
Pasa Is\ slim for- some time to' como.
Now, MrvEdt6r, such is tho opinion
of a large"1 majority of the boys at
Michel,' and If a majority of tho mem'-
bors of tho District think tho samo
we know ,what ,tho results will 1>6,
and if not, well wo can take our modi-
cine-llko mon, Eh,- Tom? '" "O
, Yours, In tho Scrap,
,' ". A. S.JULIAN
I. O. O. F,
On Novombor 27th Koy Clfy Lodgo,
Cranbrook, "will have tholr nnmmf Al
Homo', A special car will bo provided for tho "three linkers" of Mt. Fornlo,
Lodgo, to whom a cordial Invlta:loii Ih
extended to Journoy to tho Bunana
territory. Don't forgot tho data—Mon
day, Novombor 27th,
A correspondent quortosj "Could you
Inform mo what, has bocomo of'tho
olty snow plough?"' Wo regret to say
that thlfl Ib boyond us, "And further
thnt no doubt a apodal mooting will
bo called to dooldo upon tho erection
of a imifioiim to exhibit this particular
city proporty,
Initruotlom at to working of Fire
Alarm,—Procure ono bnrrol of conl
and about two hundredweight of WABto,
trench around hydrant; pack wnsto
firmly (not too tight) around bono
of hydrant, pour conl oil on samo, and
then If the' Iioubo Ih not qulto burnod
out wring nlnrni. Should your hoinio
bo burnt out you may Bit around hy-
uitiiic uiuii buuiu tding uuretB. hub
lu 'MWjJ4jJ.1l, u:.H WMlsithii lit uof
enmo ran only ho had after twolvo
p.m. at thia office. '"
VVVVVVVVV     vvvvvvvvvv
Fire I Fire!
Wet epresent 24 of the strongest Board
Insurance Companies now in existence
For rates and particulars apply
% Union Land Company,
B.C.     J
pnces4- <;.'• '   -->''
I ; .'.4 li ,',-.;,-   -tji^jk   ^iVj'-'-'.r1- '.  •   '   ,' '* '.':*•«-«■»':: •J..',""'■
■ -.' x.rr.cy?^'7^:'rrT!7rEr;rf-,'"->'-~:i,-M
j*C*j^V\7'^A r.'A
"      ' ^,-
*   ¥■     ^
Mrs, S. Jennings, Proprietress
i'"1 i '    "i'    J .   A"   i '
/   k      ''   ,"      '    '"•    •   '      >   ,'.?,-'.'
Rates $1.50 and upy?r.
*    ■     <   >V-'.V' * * ''£ V^       '"""1"   'l""-
*,»'• .   ' Hot and Cold- Water "';■■'■"
' s BiiDtrfeycipiilijb' ';-•'};
,       ='   i:-8t»«m, Hooted,   ■/. • ," ;,v
■' • .'Phbna' I n every' i'oom',, .-;
Samuel Roomi on'Main
' r'.-";.Builneu^StrMt..-^ '■ v
r  Meal tickets, $6.00'
SpeoUl Rates by the wtek, and ,
, the month and to Theatrical par--
. ties.- Try our,,, '•.-     "      , '„■ ■
'•■ -.-    • -'n :, • /*■,
Special Suncl^y:
Dinner 50^'
■* ~\
The finest of Wlnei,  Llquora
nndCloart isrved by competent
|7 and obljfllnjj wlnp clerk*, .7'
\tifi 'iylXi'iifo, 4'f^W, n'i' X? |V
'if i
and Sale.StabSes
':■ '".  'I.   *&''.'-   '       '•  ' ,-
Flret claae Hdreea for Sale.'
Buy» Horeefion Commltlon
III. -,"■' .' . '.    -M V,   ,       '        J ,
jGeorge.Barton    ?thone 78
Here it is, Waiting for U
HOUSHKBBPBR,' experienced, mld«
dlo'-agod).roliablo, Scotch,-flret-claBB re»   -
forence's, Booke situation,with.minora'.   .,
Dlstnnco from rall'no olijoctlon. ■ Ap-, <■ i
ply, MIbb Bertram,' Y. W. 0. A„ 12th'' "
Avenuo, Calgary, Alta. " \     •   12-3tp" '
Wo Ixig to announce that for
tho present wo aro removing our .
Block irom tho Victoria Avonuo '
premUoB.to tho old stand on.
Pollatt Avonuo, and thomrhopo
to moot all our customc'raV * ,-
Dywatrlct adhoronco to bual-'
nous wo trust to merit a contlnu-
«iii(.tf ut >uur Viwuvtj ,i)t4uuu»ti«.
fornift Home Bak^v
• .«*
; Tolophone 180
-r :jr	
•uia or Oirto, otr or Toufxi, r
U'C4» COCKTY.       ..    (**•>
' FOR RENT—Throe-rookod shack,
unfurnished or partly furnlBhod, tii do«
'elro'd. , Apply VR,". o.o., Lodgor Offlco,
, WANTED—A Housekeeper; apply
John Murray, West Fernie, 2t.
TAXIDERMY-iFor flrat-olafln taxi,
dorray work, triountlrifc anything from a
Bnnko to,an elephant, call or write, 0.
Rooco, P. O. Rox 0, Vfenl Fernio
7 -, '■}■ Im,-n,n,
FOR SALE—At a bargain} a brand
now Dloyclo; EiibIIbIi make'' novor
rode on, Apply, Wm. llarton, Pollatt
'Avonuo. • o-t.f
.  0  '.
FOR SALE—Subject to short loaoo,
Houso and Lot corner RIvorlmnkAvo.
and Prior Btroot. Apply to L. P, Holt-
slcin, .... „   "
n'oillgrofl Alrdnlo "Tlltoh; Any Infor-
matlon lending to tho rocovory of
^d H.    ,      " I     I      .     . ....      v
tcII, Wrrt T"c^lo,.'
..The flrtt'snow of the sescsnl—This
Bhould remind you that now is tho
tlmo to got your "storm windows and
doom, mid tn« Jii»ua in HW-NNEUY k
MANOANS.    Tolophono S3.
^frtrwuiM, ]•»* Ifnl UtA nm' Will fwf lh» Mm nl
v\i: iirvnitcn nottjcmi itw«*ith.»nd »wry
iiuu."» aw*m ci»».   fnAVU , CHKSty.
VM (in d»r n' IWWiVr, A. D, 1**fv
Nownr ptntio.
\"t\  .
XUnt OtMrrft Cm t* t.ik*«i tKitqutlr »««' *<u
rlhfi-rty HP'in tiw M<irtif unit m>f«*<n* (Btrfn^M iv fn*
mim. *r*4 for T«trmm»»i», fret.
Y.l, C1IKMEY * CO, T<*ni* O
pm bn'tir r»««tw», ri*
Tkk* il»il'« family TOM lor nmiilptUon.


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