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The District Ledger Dec 2, 1911

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THE' DISTRICT LEDGER; FERNIE,  B. C, DECEMBERS, 1911
$1.00 A YEAR
Jyj.drjL J. JO£
'. The: Dangers; Uncideni tor [Miners'
^7:   Wo&kyOrice Again Vividly
" ^ Under Our'Notice
i&-
- Fo.ra'-at Coal jCreek on .'Saturday,
"Xov, "if-'lli; to Mr and Jfrs. Jas.'.Fawley,"
of Fi-ench. Camp, a hpuncing baby boy.
Mother and child both • doing well.'
,, -Mrs.'Abner Horrocks and family left
here last week to join ■Mr.'-Horrocks,
who is now. working as-a-fire b'p'ss at
Merrltt*. iii the NicolatValley.""
. :iMr."L..,Watldnsbn'and family, bave
takerl-pver  Mr*.' Horrock's : house  in
' French Camp.-,    V  ''77,'.' " '- '•' "  -,
■-   Dan - ,McNeish,",*"Gdvernmen^. Road,
Agent, 'was';'Inspecting the  road' up
" here, last - Friday,'-aa'd on Saturday'a
v gang\of .-.men were- busily /employed',
cleanlng'-tlie ,'snow,-fromVthe',bridge1"
"near- No.-JT"',mine,1 'which 7had -been
^blocked'up by the storm-of,two, weeks-
->ago.  \The* road is. now-open all J;hfe
■"-way-up tlie hill.'.'77'","..'-.;' V V '-"'
7    Last Thursday, afternoon;when-.the
Brewery „^eam >.was crossing" the^ tracks
■'-in'the yard up here,.one'oMhVsleigh'
runners "caught1 in. a 'rail," with the
■ result that the driver, was thrown out
yiead foremost' with' such force, that
< lie had,to "be assisted to his feet to
"recover" from',the shock1?before'   he
,could resume the-journey."7V
4-' ..Last Saturday'evening.a free smoker; was; given, iri the,Club Hall"1 under
, 'the auspices'of the',Mutz" Brewery.
"■ rOAVingjtd'lhe mine's working very few-
..-singers were on:hand,,biit taking every,
..thing' into consideration 'a  very en-
-',joyablc.-Uine'-was-stent'-by-those; pre-,
" sent.   7' -'  -.'' ': 7. 7 :' ■,'";',; -■',; .'
-The funeral' of-'-Mrs.' Graham" took
A FEWJ»0INTERS FOn'STUDENTS
the "result that the uilfortunate man
Was-caught.underneath and' had'.both
legs broken- and' .some ■ ribs/ fractured; '."He ^wi^s ,..convoyed .. by
special"*. ■ train &bou^ \ 4'.7,a. m.
i.olFe'rnie'-'and• taken to the'hospital.
wb6re'-,he"> is-'.progressing, as' wpj^ as
can be expected.-,'* ■ ' .. 7 ';■ ' "" '
V(4) -.Nov/-27tti.—G. Miistachlo, an
Italian working in the rock tunnel being driven into, No. 1 East",.was"caught
on^thejiead'and shoulders by a piece
•of-rock. "'7"He is'now ih the hospital
for repairs. ■' ,    - »-   - 7,   •," 7  „•  ,
-.(5)"'-Nov." 29tl'i.—Cb Brono got his
face badly cut whenworkipg'in No". 5:
mlno.   ,"";   . -*i. '  "   ■    .". , -.,"'7
"."■' (6)'" Nov. 30th.—Eli, Hardy.'-.-welT-
knojyiiin iind around Fernie, .was, engaged in some-repair" .work in N67 2
'Mine, when a' cave-iri, occurred, resulting in Eli getting his ankle badly broken, "necessitating .his^, removal- to
Fernio Hospital..- 7 .!   "-       ■,' - {'
. (7) .Same date—Jas Worrall, whilst,
working in No'. 3 'Mine iiad' one of his
feet, severely, crushed with a car.
(Ed.—The, perusal;, of '. tlie'-above
clearly proves the.dangers incident-to
the coal * mining industry," and - slibuld'
be taken note'of by those.who so constantly clamor.vabouVthe risk that capital taltes.'^.'.It.ls safe to assume-tlia't
the above victims were-, not'capitalists,
arid"1 wero^ injured only- becauso stern
necessity compels them, in order, to
live, to iieddle.tlieir.onljrcommodity—
labor power, c." We.realize .that even
unde^r. the  befet, conditions;accidents
7Dlac^ipJiflEeapUSaturday-^aSrnoon^iat^^^^^^
-iWhat ls wages?'- ,7"•."*"■" . ^
• The price paid for the commodity—
labor .'power.—Aley. .'7 '  i''-
rA form, of payment for'a part ,bf
that quantity of labor which the worker sells,in its entirety to the capitalist.
• /What is a commodity?        '   -
""'A unit of wealth,' under capitalism,
either goods or labdrv .power.     'v-,.
"What Is'.labor power?      -   ' , - '
Man's ability., to perform, social or
useful labor, either physical or' intellectual.—Dr. Aley.-'-.  -   „ ,' -   '
■■ Wiliat is the value of labor power?
■ The value, of labor'potter/is determined by tho value of the necessaries
required v to produce, develop/'main-,
tain and perpetuate the labor power.—
Marx.. ^  , '        , '     7.     '
,' What' .is  the  common ' social ■ substance of all commodities?.   Labor,
■'  How is a commodity produced ?
-'A certain amount of labor, i.e., social,
labor/'must be bestowed .upon it,' or
wprked up'„in it. '.    , 1  „
What Is a product? 7       '.      «   "• -'
That\which man produces for, his
j own immediate use to consume it him-
^elf.   ',   ;    ';   '    '   >    '     ,     ; . »
.-How are quantities of labor measured.- ■' -.By ,the time the labor lasts, in
measuring the-labor by the hour,' the
da'y,'-',etc. - -*Of course, 'to" apply this
measure, all sorts of labor are, reduced to average 01 simple'labor as their
unity Marx. •      .'" :   ,
What  have  been   the  three   great
steps in civilization?. ,
.  Chattel slavery, serfdom,-capitalism.
"What was cliatlel slavery?      r
■ * The-.state'of society wheii'civiliza-
-tion began' to eme.rge .from_ barbarism.
All, ''or"- nearly' all," tlie" workers; were
wholly owned by tlie masters—masters
and '.BODY' slaves.. •• 7 ^
What was'serfdom?-   '        _ '
:';-That stage of economic development
known as Feudalism,, when the* worker belonged1 to-the land and the:land
-to-the,lord."'  ", : '-,- •'- '     -.    • 7 •-
■Feudal' lords and vassals—Masters
arid 'LAND-slaves.. -,..-.
What is 'Capitalism?.'". '    ■-   - ■'"
MANITOBA-FARMERS  '
AREAGGRESS'VE
Norman Frasef Chosen
as Third Man on
. Goniniitiee
Much   Alarmed   About   the   Unsatisfactory Situation of Maiketing
.    The* Crops'
-',. Before the,remains,were^taken to the
'   3.45 "train "to  Fernie,  a  service  was
i" held at. the house";by" the" Rev .Mr.
Hanrion, of"the Methodist Church. The
'.""Rev. Mr, Dlmmick conducted the ser-
'. vice at the 'cemetery. ■ ■" Mi* .'and Mrs.
»';.J.omos.Thomson',-ofElko, hnd.Mr Thos
X'-."Duncan, of Passburg,"olcl 'friends' of
• ,.-thoo' deceased, :'lcamd,' through  to pay
their-last respects ,to 7one "who "was
,   well .liked and respected by "nil who
• 'knew her,    • "    .,
1 Mr, Orr,'late of Cranbrook,, Is the
■'.now dry goods clerk In the Trltes-Wood
> - Co. Store up here". ' ,
^   A meeting-of i the Gladstone Local
, Union'war liold.In, the.. Club Hall,up,
'.■hero on Tuesday evening,"when there
,'   'was'a fair attondanco/.' 'Wm. glmpsori
was nominated na .'candldnto for the
Board(of lOxftinliibro for-1912..     ,-   '   1
.".   The'Conl.Company's offlclnls woro
all very busy up horo last week changing cheeky numbers, etc, and- qullo' a
number of men aro-now engaged no
conl mlnortt    CrowdB of mon can now
; bo scon around.tlio offlco every day
looking for work.
Avcliap'tcr of nccldentB-nroiiiid'tlid
.. mines slnco limt Saturday":
(1) Nov, 2fitli.—Lasslo Tamporlzah,'
a Slavonian, who, was assisting In
getting a' coll of ropo up lo.No. 1
North, received a broken thigh ns tho
result of tho ropo slipping, .
(2.) Snmo dato,~Wni. Mimklvltcli
lind ono of hla fingers badly Incorntod
whilst working In No. fi Mlno, f
• (fl) Nov, 27th,—l.nst Moudny morning nn old man nuuW Wm, Griffiths,
" .was cngngod In cloanlng up, Bomo
track In No; 2 Mine, when, without
nny, wnrnlng, a cavo-ln occurred, with
FREE  SPEECH  ISSUE
LAUNCHED IN PORTLAND
too.,much',.-thought given to property
risks "and too little to "the'Jeopardies
incuiTOd by'the human' factor.s.A .This,'
h'l'»^^e^er, we ■ recognise" cs being'nulte
natural and "'will-continue until'those
,whb aro,.,the -sufferers make up their
minds to', support, legislation '-in ^vhjchi
huhian flesh,and blood shall' b8 considered ( paramount'-" to ,-the" "sacred
rights of property."; It .is a ■ hitter'
lesson, and yet no great changes, have
have ever been accomplished without
suffering.) "    .      -'   ' 7' ■■ / .
EDMONTON," Nov. 27. —.Norman
Fraser, who held-the position of Provincial Inspector of Mines for Alberta,
prior, to'the present incumbent, John
T.'Stirling,'"has-been appointed as" the
third member of the conciliation board
which will enquire into'the differences
between the operators'and mine workers'in the mines of the Alberta "Coal
Co- at Cardiff ■ The. appointment of
Mr." Fraser "'was made on Saturday
afternoon' after- the arrival in the city
of J. O." Hannah, of Calgary, the representative- of the operators on the
conciliation ''board. - Clement Stubbs,
vice-president "of District 18,' of the
United Mine Workers of'America, who
wijl ^representj'the interests of. the
miners iii the case under consideration
arrived here^Friday last. - ' '"
■ ^No-arrangements have been made as
yet as "to the. time and place of meeting. - A'' session of the conciliation
board probably will be held in Edmonton", before, next Thursday. * Before its
deliberations^are finished,the board
wiil, also,, meet*-at Cardiff to'take evidence' . from" jthe mine workers. 7.
'y The.-miners bf the company are now.
working at normal, all the men. having
agreed;to go , back to work,' pending
the decisionTof the conciliation'board;
No ."time, wili/be lost infringing the
investigation,"to a conclusion.,,
' WINNIPEG, Man., Nov. 28.—The ex- j
ecutivo of the"Manitoba Grain Growers' Association' held a'" full meeting
in the city last night. For some;time
the association were considering tho
advisability of openings central office,
from which to direct work or orgauiz-'
ing,the farmers, of the province. The
secretary was instructed at a meeting
last' night to at once secure an offico
in Winnipeg with the necessary staff
to conduct,a vigorous campaign of
education and organization. The very
unsatisfactory situation with reference
to the marketing'of this year's crop,
in the judgment of the directors, representing adequate reasons why the
farmers should get closer together .for
the advancement of- their own interests and to organize''* for . protection
against the encroachments of speculators:      '. ^    7
CULMINATION OF'
ASSAULT CHARGES-
Charges Against Miners Arising
Out of the Recent Strike is .
Brought to Final
BEWARE'OF THE GREEKS
..  \   BEARING GIFTS.
-. The'present system, in .which the
worker; works for ^a-wage, and the
tools,he must use, belong to his master^, who,, is .'hence called a capitalist'.
Capitalists and .Proletarians—Masters and TOOL Slaves.
THE
MWuMA'NrTH^WlSE   y„ .s~-
r!-MAN, AND THE .FOOL
As the result of a five day whirlwind
campaign of collecting funds for the
McGill University of Montreal, the
sum 6f„$l,526,965 was collected. ;The
C.P7R. and G.T.P. gave $25.000'each.
This outburst of generosity on the
part of the railroad companies prompts
the question as to how they can afford
to'^e so^generous on''such an occasion;
but overlook the justness of the claims
of their employees for increased wages, as "for example the striking machinists ,on the Grand- Trunk Pacific,
at the present time. * Presumably if
they granted the demands'of their employees^ they 'would not be able to
make such "-a, public display of .generosity. 7 Surely it is evident to the
most-superficial .observer that,-in order to lie able to jrnake such displays'
they must get more than sufficient
^-eturiisjronu-the—labor—thoy—-employ-
These cases wero brought up for
hearing hoforc-Judge Wilson on Monday morning nt ten o'clock.
The evidence of the.Ilarrs—Wifllam
Barr, sr„ Hugh Barr, Alec Barr and
Wm.  Barr, jr.—was very'similar in
both cases, and ' in fact upon examination admitted ■ they had' .talked it
over and rehearsed it amongst them-,
selve§.     Being all of them very cool
and deliberate they .were positive that
the individuals accused    of    assault
were the' correct .ones, and  that" no
mistake as to identity was • possible.
Wm. Barr, jr., was so cool that he
could place about two dozen men as
to where they were standing .just as
he would checkers on a board.    They
could - also - swear  that  Cltmie',   Jas.
Linn. Geo. Liiin, Paterson, Clark, and
the two Joinsons  had  made" use  of
the expressions "Scab" and "Kill them
so that they will not be able to work."
Their idea as to the strike being settled on October 31st was not very cgn-
vinclng, and their idea of the znean-
ing* of" "Scab"  was ■ somewhat vague
also.   ' (They evidently know the definition a little better now; our issue
of Nov. 11th deals somewhat thoroughly with relation to.this term.)1 .The
.-ontention was that the assaults too.c
place at the corner of Rowland Av<j,
and Rogers] Street, but'all the witnesses for the defence ..were sure that no
violence'was committed by the accused .at'that point, nor "did they see .any
of them attempt to'molest them., There
FERNIE THERE
When it: Gomes to Bag
Big Game—21 Deer
Gome to Grief
■ ,"A criminal lunatic armed with a gun
and a hldemis looking hull-dog, sat in
.a house,-terrorising* a community of
'-'A-social'system based on the pri. hone^t-biit. simple .people. ■    , - *
vatoWershlp of the means of wealth    -^h«si?- ??»)*• i'*^i,lc conveyed .to him.,
production and distribution;    carried !muoU 0f their s"'bst'inCG — som« bo<
on, as a'rale',' co-operatively by wage  caus0 t"e>r vcvc nfl'ait|- somo bcoauso
workers; or proletarians, whoso com- th0y "were exceeding   soft   In ' their
pensat'iori is baseYtipon the cost "or-*!hoortP (nnd heads), and some becauso
would do any good now, hut had conditions remained as at the. time the "-
assault ■«'as committed he,would have
sent them dWn for three months, the '•
limit for tliis offence..   However, under existing conditions he discharged
theni under suspended sentence, bindr '
ing ihem over to keep the peace for,'
six months. ,
, In the James Linn case the chief '
object of the defence was  to prove
an^tllbl,,the accused claiming that'at
the time'of the-disturbance he was7
attending  to. his" duties  behind "tlie •■-
lunch counter at Ingrain's Club Cigar   ,
Store.   -J. E, Clair, W. A. Ingram and
J. L. Kennedy testified to having* seen
the accused In the pool-room,- where
the luuch counter is situated, on'October 31 st at about the time this' assault
occurred, and could not see how .he
could have absented himself without
one   at  least  of   them   noticing  the
fact.
'  In connection with this case Chief
of Police R.'Bowc-n, and Supt. R: J."
Black, of the M. F. arid M, Railway, appeared as witnesses on a point as to
whether Nor not tlw Coal Creek train
could have been seen' from Ingram's -
pool-room when.it passed by on the,
trip* "to  the' signal box "on  the'31st
October.,,-. One of the witnesses, had,
claimed that it was the passing of the
train'from Coal Creek beyond'its us-
ual "stopping place," when he was talk-
ing to Jas. Linn, that had,impressed
the date on his memory.     The .counV
was considerable --shouting   liL^ll^Uo^>^PiosecaUG!^!aimeGM.tiaW
value of the energy they expend.,, The
political administration may bo Republican, Democratic,' or Monarchic,
either limited or, absolute,
What is meant by a social revolution'?  " ^      ,'' .   ■•-    .'<'
•A complete transformation of'the
wonted forms of, associated - activity
nmong men.—Kautsky.
MANUFACTURING DIAMOND8
Six mombors of tho Elk Lumbor Big
Onmo Club ■(•Mobbtb Cooklln, "Smyth,
AndiMson, Mb'" nnd son, .Tenson and
McKnoo), returned from tho South
Fork on Monday, bringing with thorn
21 lind of doer, Thia, wo believe,
coiiHtltutoH a rocord for nny six nun-
torH, nnd'tho,boys nro lo be congrntu-
lalod upon lliolr hupcobb. , An average
of throo nnd a Iinlf door oacli' Ih cor-
tnlnly not bad (the gnmo law 'allows
flvo por luintor) nnd wo fear thoro
are many would-bo hunters who would
bo only too glad to notch their rifle
Btockn wllh thin numbor. Wo nro Informed that only threo does wero killed, and thia again reflects great credit
upon tho sportsmen. It certainly
BoeniH to Indicate that Fornlo Ih a real
big gamo ront ro, and our Ilonrd of
Trado might ubo those facts ns a
booitt for this burg.
Mr, Smyth showed a membor of our
staff ono of tho largost door over
brought. Into Pornle (and ono of tho
21). Tho viewer would havo llkod to
lieg the bond to adorn his baronial
hall In th' Old Country, but thoro was
"nothing doing!" 1t
The Gorrie Brothers-nnd Mlko Quit!!
have boon out tutu week and klltad
throo deer within ono or two miles of
tlio towiislto,    Uno of theso thoy des*
iwit tho Tlpht of thr-lr tirjsrnnlvw lo ^lli* a* au ■^dUiiI," ttiiU from whttl
PORTLAND, Ore,, Nov. 27,—l>oclnr-
lng tholr business In Injured by crowds
which congrognlo around (Socialists
nnd Industrial Workers of tho World
street spoakors, nlRhlly on Sixth and
' Seventh streets, merchants, who characterize the orators ns "nnarchlslB" today announced thoy will Inaugurate a
wholesale campaign ngnlnst street
speaking.
Keenly resenting oplthotfl applied to
thorn and their followers, lenders' of
both organizations stated today they
BERLIN, Nov. 23.—A method of mak
.ng diamonds has boon discovered by
Dr. .Wornor von, Bollon, a chemical
expert' connected'wllh the SlomiuiB-
HalBke laboratory here.
Tho proccsB ls based on tho decomposition of lighting gas by a mercury
aninlgnm, whoreby the carbon Iii tho
gas Is, crystallized Into diamonds.
As tho-Ro diamonds nro extremely
minute small bits of diamond dust arc
Introduced Into tho apparatus, where
they Borve as' mother crystals'upon
which larger dliimowlB aro built up,
Tho process Is still In tho experimental stngo ond, lho diamonds nro
sninll,
Kd.—This Item brings to our mind
tho cnBO of Ilie clevor French slolght^
of- hand gontloninn who Imposed upon
a well-known South 'African mngnnlo
to the extent of somo $'![i0,0Q0 to flOO,-
000. Therefore'we would ndvlsn nil
mlno workers who nre Inclined to,get
"pnnlcky" rind dispose of tholr stock
of diamonds—not black diamonds, of
course—to "hold" them for tho prcnoni,
tho samo applies to any shares lu IX)
llcore thoy may handle,)
they, hoped   to  bo  criminal  lunatics
themselves one day.
Now,'there stood outside a number
of wise men who, ih popular parlance,
were'"up agin" that madman. Each
day, would they meet to devise divers
and sundry methods whereby the'tyrant might be ousted from power.
■ One, having exhausted the springs of
his ingenuity, said:
"Let us tench those people, not to
bo unkind to this fellow, but to beseech him to bo a little kinder to
them." ' "   "
Said number ono, "Lot us tench
thorn tb conx him lo glvo his gun' iiito
their keeping."
Numbor thrco spake out:
"Lot lis tench, them to put a veto on
his bull dog, thnt. will be ono utop
nearer,'
Then snld numbor four. "Verily, wo
Boo'th nil the one road, albeit our
Idcns differ, T prithee let us leach
thorn1 to gradually limit thawppotllo of
this knave,"
■ Then they smllpd upon ono another,
nnd their wiill^s wore broad, but nl!
tholr Hovonil smiles put'together could
not orjunl In mngnltudo tho smilo of
the lunallc,
Now ns they smllod a vol^e Hint
hitherto had kopt silent smote upon
tholr earn, niul said: „
"Why not tourh the people to stnrvo
tlio rotter out nltosothor?".
Thon turned round numbers one,
two, three, nnd four and thoy did kick
number five, bocnuso, verily, he wns a
"damn-fool linposBlblllst."
Moral.—"IinposslblllHrn    Is    hoiiio-
thlng a fool enn't understand."—.T.8.C.
than will' be paid in wages, "and as
all employers of labor are at the same
game of getting as much.'as theyi can
out" of their, workmen, and the work-
men-as mucli as they can for their
labor-power* all • compromises are. necessarily temporary. Philanthropy
cannot cover up the discrepancy ,be-".
twoen.the returns on the expenditure
of th6,social labor of the producing
class and -that enjoyed by the owners,
of the, means of production. ■ The
workers>of all. countries are'realizing
this, the result is too obvious to need
repetition.' "So far as McGill' "University is concerned It Is not likely that
they will do much to enlighten directly
the' mass of the workers to these facts,
contributions'to such Institutions are,
therefore, good investments to employers of labor, who expect by subsidizing „the so-called Intollcctiial class
to prolong tholr enjoyment, of the spec-
Inl privileges thoy monopolize.
crowd, biit> mosFon!he,wltnesscs could
cars were on tho 07 P. R. side track
not very, well identjfy tlwso who were.'u,woum bfi lmpoSBlWo l0 Eoe (hls t'ratm
| It was on this,, point that the'Judge"
shouting or what they said, evidently
"cool and collected" ns,Bllbmltted hh wou]d liave.to "visit Iiv
THE ROLL CALL
not being so
the Barrs.  . In the case against tho 'gram.B Pool Uoom beforo h0 coul(] give
a decision-on this case.    The accused
Joinsons," - Judge   Wilson    submitted
that the evidence of the Barrs' must.
be' believed, • in ■ spite of,, their e;:citr
mont, and tho excitement of those pro-
sent, but that taking Into consideration the-circumstances which prevailed
ar that lime, it was probable that tho
accused acted foolishly,, but did not
think thoy were liable to do so now
that conditions were changed. He
did not consider sending them to jail
' 1 was therefore instructed to be on hnndv
He was a British workingman, and
ho hnd so many'chlldron that ho used
to cnll the roll boforo the Sunday dinner lo mako sure thnt thoy were nil
there. HIr wlfo wns bringing in the
steaming Joint; It wan' time lm begin:
'"Erbert!" ho crlod,'
'"Ere, pa!" .-   '   ,   .
'"Oraco!"
"'ICro, pa!"
"'Rzoklnh!'
'"Ere. pa!"
'"Knory!"
'Enory, who hadjiis! begun to study
Latin, decided lo show off hlsMonrn-
Ing.
"Adsum!" ho bnwlcd.
Por a fow moments his fnthor re-
gnrded him with baleful eyos,
"Oh, you've 'ad somo, 'avo yorT'Mio
grnwlod nt Inst. "Well, you Jlst got
away, thon, nn' mnko room for them
as nln'tl"
Look at the label on your paper nnd
•se if your subscription l« paid In
advance.
mnko street nddronsca in the courts If
necessary.
Tho merchants will attempt to hnvo
them declared "nuisances."   '
RECENT MARKET QUOTATIONS
Tho heirs of tho eight girls In the
Chehalls Powdor Mill explosion recently, will got damngos amounting to
18,450.35. This In according to lho
tint decision of tho newly created In*
dtlstriftl TlmirAfiwi Cemmlinlon Tho
Individual tiwnrds rorige from $S1 to
$1,480, according to tho ago of the
principal. Tho company It fined
$1,307.16 for employing two girl* under age. As the explosive ittanufae-
lories that must moke up lho fund will
fight tbo cane "through tlie courts, It
will bo- some time boforo tlio bondft'cl-
arlcs get any money.
wo can gather it must certainly be
"seme" deer.
QUOTATIONS ADOUT WOMEN
HOW THE BELLEVUE
EXPLOSION OCCURRED
USE THE HOSE
Firemen Turn the Hose.
on Industrial Workers
of the World
AIlKIinKKX, Wash., Nov. 27.-A riot
following tho arrest of 'members of the
Industrial Workers of tho World was
barely averted horn last night by Hie
timely arrival of the flro department,
which drenched tho would-be rioters
nnd scattered them for tho lime being
Serious results nro expected from 'he
elfish,
Tlio Industrial Workers of the World'
hnve telegraphed to other cities In this
stnto nnd In Oregon nnd British Columbia, summoning nld, and It Is said 250
recruits ate on their way hither from
Vancouver, H. C, alone. Innntlclpa-
tion of further troublo u forco of 1100
special police wns nworm in hist, night.
The JndiiHlrlnl Workors of the World
havo madr* several attempts recently to
hold .meetings in tho streets of this
city, other than thoso assigned Ihem.
This hnii resulted In numerous arrests,
Ijiml. night a crowd carrying n red
flag pendhted In tiHlng stri-vis thoy bud i
been forbidden to iiko nnd defied ar-1
rest. No nrresls wore mndo.  Then tbo
again on Wecjnesday morning. '• ■
, It was not until late- on Wednesday
(hat Jns. Linn .was discharged, tho
judge considering that though-the evidence was not sufficient to prove Hie
alibi conclusively,'still from-the-past,
record of.the accused he did not think,
the evidence he had given wns lo ,he
doubted, nnd therefore dismissed thov
case.    ,,       :
Paterson was- also anothdr witness
who claimed "that he was not at the .
scene of tho dlsturbnnce thnt day, but ,
ns there .wns no charge laid ngnlnst
him It wns not doomed advisable to pro "
duco the many witnesses the defence '
claimed to bo able to produce to bear'
out his statement.    This wiis decided
nftor the case of Owen Jolnson had
been disposed of, nnd during the cross
examination In Peter .lolnson's case.
Sherwood Ilercliiner, In his address
to the judge wished to point out that
nil men iuivo n right to protect tholr
wives and families   from   Btnrvntion,
nnd to work when thoy see fit.   He
cared not for I be rules and regulations
of tho United Mlno Workers of America.    Poneo nnd order must prevail.
lio wished to impress on theso men ,
thnt In this country "law anil ordor"
must bo obeyed,    Ho, however, omitted to stnto thin thoso mon lind boon
orderly  for  tlio  pnbt   eight   months,
and they uluo lutd tlio right to prevent
their wives nnd fnmlllos from starvation, nnd could go lo work when and
where tliey onw fit,     Although the
niKo ngahiKt Iho .Toliisoni* hns been
disponed of, tbo far-t still reiunliiR thnt
tlio Burrs did go back to work, ami no
lnw mint nm exonerate them from ilu>
Stlginn of t'ieir art Ion so far aw the
working men of HiIh district nro eon-
tcrned.     Tlio UKBftult was merely Jncl-
dental  nnd  whntever  Judgment   had
lieen rendered would tm^ linvo ftlior-
«'d tho fact (tint their notion was no'
Intonded for the benefit of tholr fellow
workmen,    flo long ns tliey remained
Subsequent to  the
mlno
dtsaster
which occurred nt Bollovuo, December
Oik     1110.     T    P     «     TT...1, ...      .    -.-'•■',• -•
spark of comparatively low thermal i tho main gnngwny by the Mowing out
Thoro Is no sex In brains.
Whatever mon nro, they are what
women have mado them.
, Woman's sphere Is" In tho liotne,
Ilut tho world Is her bovlron.
Por sortm people' the truth will
never bo ripe. It would be rotten
first.
There ana no rights of women, bo-
cause her right* are the rights of
mankind.
It doesn't take a wlno man to bo
lb* fatlser of a family. Rut It taV*
ii w!«» wnmiw t« M ft r^oH rrmfhor.
The only way woman manages man
Is to allow matt to think Hint he
manages himself.—Worker, Brlnbane,
Intensity to ronch tho Ignition point ef \ot tho nlr stoppings, evidently caused
,,       ,       .,,,',. ' thn  ilentti   Vv  pn-'.""   .*>»...n..i.tr>   ««•«
**.,***..       .     . i..  t ......   .■      ...      ... ..    .onlng, of tho mon   who were In tho
export attended tho Investigation en That the defective state of ventilation! mftJn gnn*wny;»
bohalf of tho Federal Government nit'il! In the old worklnns wai faverable to j    jn   making   rccommendfitlens,   he
1m»1ow we npponri extracts from his ro-j explosive  condition*   waa   manifest; j says:
port giving his opinions regarding mat: for tho venilliitlon-wns by scnles ofi   "Home provision should bo mndo for
ters Incident tothe oxploslon. jr.'r ihrouah the board stoppings on tbe; maintaining an upper level at tho top
"The theory that I wuuld miKK*-At .*» main wi.,-**/, uul not by direct cur--or, the chuios, which would nerve   a
being tho probable cause of the dUnn-'ren** heiie) tbe air «ns In s sluatis*! |double purpose, nsmely, ss a return
mob wns organIxed nnd mnrelied 'o-       . ,
ward tho city hall to take from ll,,  lr"o to   belrunlon principles tliey m
cells men imprisoned for violating fin- i"■'lv<',, ,1,° "•vn,,mt,,y nn,, m,r,porf «"
slreel-spcnklng  ordlnnnrcn,  who nro
»nuiiiil|i   i 1 tut. 4 «.t    lutilicii    >»<lo   ill
"r-'":'lwi hi jx./'Mj.- :iU>w !]■/ J ,13 ul '.'.i'
time, nnd when the members were notified by telephone of the rontlns1 of
the mob. Mnyor Parks Immediately
called the police nnd firemen to action.
il.   i T».v u.'.i^i C»n»» C*'»6
The enso ngnlnst fko. Klnn accused'
of l»lng the "pioneer of tho vnnguard,"
terminated In n decision to bind him
for   twelve
nympnthy nnd support of
j the union, nnd It cannot be contended
*Mi«tf H.ft nffirinir. hf ii. . r•:"■•.'..',;:".'[.7.
I vivo nnv support to n^to of vlntf»nr(>
I In the dlstitrbnnees ronulllng from
| their actions. Tho pollco officers
| themselves enn bear out this 'state-
I ment.
ed and a speaker hnd just mounted n
sonp box. The I. W. W. began n demonstration nnd Chief Tnmblyn. of
tho flro department, ordered the hnBe7OVor to keep tho pence
turned on  the crowd.     They  werejmoni},g,
driven from one street to another, and 1     ii
finally gave over tho battle.
An effort will be made by the cltl
tcr ta ua fulluwn;
"It in known that n vory Inrgo cave-
In of rock ocenrred In tho vlclnltv of
70 and 7S ehntes. Tho rubbing and
grinding of tho rocks, ns they fell,
emitted spark* at a high temper;*tun.
MindUloii. eoiHwiiiientb whim the or- i airway, and at tbo same time a travel-j wis to maintain control of tbo altna
ling way In enuo of accidents." jtlon, but If they find this beyond their
HEAD—NELSON
At'Christ  Church, Vancouver, tho
In touching upon tbe oxygr-n-breatb-^tower noxt nor M. 1!. Hay will be a*5<- (voiding of Waltt-r Head to Kiitabeth
Ing rescue appsrntus, he points out 11><\ to civil ont the .Vatlonnl flnnnl.   Ho-; Nelson was foletunlied.    The Ilev. C,
plosion ocunrred. vould glvo out a
largo volume of mbon monoxide ga«
without n Inrgo demonstration of ex.
plosive force.    Tho force of tho ex-
plonlon travelled, slong lho upper see ; ly trained.     He sugficsts that "t^le-.' word through Mayor Harry Ferguson; a former resident of I,litl<* rum-nt.
Th*» hflnf", ECUCVUtwl by ibe ftk;tuu nud ', t'.ou uC llw fctukhiiw, kUUntt the toor '-, phone eommunlestton *hou»d t»e Mtah-' snd VhM of Polle Mrerteh that tt will; f»ni., r-?u|«» tb" rf.r v.
tho necessity of having men thoroimh-! qulam, which adjoins Aberdeen, nent^C. Owr-ns offlrlatlnir.     Tb»» bflifc- H
concnsslon of rock» raised the tern-
I>eramre of tbo nlr and gns to a high
men working at t!»o top of Nos. M llxb*d In all underground worklnKs.";cooperate with Alw»rdc*n to ke*p tbe!favorably known nt Conl f'Tf^. whoro
nnd f»3 chutes; and tho volume of mr- jnnif mnkes sonirt strong rccomntendi. ^ Industrial Worker* of the World out {he was fonueily <-ni(ilo>«.-J In ;lu> tn-
polnt, so that it would reflulr** only a 'bon monoxide twin* forced .down on tlors ** to plan*
1 I
,of the Qray'c 1lait*or tonntx.
gtr.«<eMhg d<-partm«'nt of tti>» Co*l Co. y";^'^",1"-';-■>""."-;'
■■74.-777.'
h7V- .-.-
777' '
PAGE   TWO
*. y. v1       j
- ■■*. -.,..
'7-'"7^y^.-?;y7y':y y ^y-.yy'"•' -y;7<7-■*^;-'y^.-*.f*» :?y 7y Hy?y?yy,--«
: -7^y>.';7-7v y y*y77:y ■-;.y7 777^'v^.x. 7y ;>;^--;J'-'7^% -a" ^;V7yyy;
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. -.'■-:'■<". ' "' ■   ,
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; ■> ?    .""     ;.:."    _     ;-..-        ,    -7",*  ■-■"-■    "*■','• •■,'•
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C„ DECEMBER 2,1911
New
(Continued from last week)
CANADIAN   COAL   CONSOLipATED
LIMITED
C0NTRACT-PRICES
Old Mine <> 4
Main Gangway: ,',■'.
Entry shall be driven 10 ft. wide by 7
ft. high in the clear inside the timber,
and be securely' timbered with sets
not exceeding 5 ft. centres, ditch.to be
carried on one side to be paid
for at" the rate of $11.00 per lineal
yard. To include also the laying of
ties and short length rails. '
Parallel! Airways:
Shall be driven 7 ft by S ft., timber*-
ed with sets 3 pieces, 5 ft. centres, to
be paid fon at the rate of
per lineal yard.
, Cross-cuts:
Cross-cuts or angles shall be driven
4 ft. by 4 ft., untimbered, and to be
,., paid for at the rate of $2.00 per lineal
yard.
Breasts:    -
Breasts 9 ft. by 10 ft. square, Including timber and chute building. Timber two props with cap pieces 3% ft.
from each rib, and 8 ft. centres up to
the pitch. Chute' sides two plank high
on each row of props, bottom two
planks and sheet iron, to be paid for at
-the rate of $5.50 per lineal yard.'
, Angle Chute: J"
'6ft. by 10 ft., to be paid for. at'the
rate of    . ,,- cents   per1 lineal yard,
when timbered with three piece set
per set.     Yardage per lineal yard.
Crib Chute:
9.ft. by'6 ft. including partition and
lining. - .'Ladders and timber chutes to
be' built' by t,the Company, to be paid
for at the rate of $9.00 per lineal yard.
'   Pillars'. 7    'n
■ All "pillars to ,be paid for at the rate
., of 43 cents per cubic yard, including
props at 9 ft. centres.
- Shaft Mine -'   o
Gangways:
Entry shall be driven 10 ft. wide by
7 ft. high in'the clear'"inside the timber and be securely timbered with sets,
not exceeding 5 ft centres, ditch to be
carried ori one side, to be paid for at
vthe rate of,-'   '      per lineal yard.     To
include also the laying of ties and short
length rails. '-'
, Parallel Airway:   ,
 . C_ff_Kt«yl,_l'ri_+hc.-«l.oar._C_fLlllM._li  ft- _
 '  VJL... ~U<b.*— *"" Vi*V~.J*^,*. ,— \J~LV—,. ...W,— «— J. V.-
collar,  6 ft. leg on  high  side, (5 ft.
.centres, lagged on top,        - ,pef lineal
yard. - .   ;■
Longwall Step Breasts:
0 45 cents per cubic yard. The distances between set gf" timbers 5 ft.
' from centre to centre of the square,
timbers to be set in pick holes, dug
in the roof, the diameter of the timbers to be 8 in. minimum.
Raises or Angles:
7 ft, by 8ft. Uibout timber,
cents per cubic yard, when timbered
with props, 5 cents per fool.   Yardage
per lineal yard.
Cross-cuts or Raises:
4 tf. by 4 ft, untimbered, $2.00 per
lineal yard.
Pillars:
43 conts per cubic yard Including
props at 9 ft, centres.
All extra props Bet by tho contract
miner to bo paid for at the rnto of 5
centB per lineal foot; by oxtra tlinber
is meant all tlmbor set by the contract
miner in excess of tho number specified In tho schodulo for that part'cttlnr
cIobb of work ln which ho Is engaged.
low side, arid thickness of. coal ori upper side,     $1.75 per lineal yard.
Parallell Airways:
To be 6 ft.' by 10 ft'., $1.75 per lineal
yard.   ' „ ,
Cross-cuts:    (Between levels)
To be 6.ft. by S ft, $1.50'per lineal
yard.,       "'    ,
Room  Cross-cut:
To be not less than 8 f^b^ 8 ft.,
riot to be driven more than .25 ft. from
one side, no tracks, $1.00 per lineal
yard.
Timbering: "
Room timber, maximum to be 10 In.
in diameter at butt, arid 16 ft. in length, $1.00 per set. If,required to set
timbers of larger dimensions, to be
paid In proportion, or be set b ythc
Company. . -. .    ""
Entry Timber:      .
Maximum to be 12 in. in diameter at
butt, and'14 ft.'in length, $2.00 per set,
with lagging; It required to set timber
of larger dimensions, to be paid for in
proportion or set by the Company. ,
Props: «
All props, exclusive, of those used
to set brattice or chutes, 5 cents per
lineal foot. In pillars, 4 cents per
lineal foot.
Track Laying:
All track to be laid by the Company,
except a pair of temporary, rails to the
face, which shall be laid by the miner
without charge.     , '•   t
Chutes:
30"cents-per lineal yard, 5 planks, 2
inch, by 12 inch, 2 posts every 8 ft.
with cross pieces. This includes sheet
iron, ,     ■
Brattice:
5 cents per lineal yard for each
foot in height. 0
Brushing:
6 ft. wide, 5 cents'per inch per lineal
yard; ,12 ft. wide, 10 cents per Inch'
per lineal yard. t
The above prices are based upon the
present method of working.
yardage same' battery and first length
of chute," $5.00      ■"    .
Rooms or Breasts:
To be driven up the pitch" not less
than. 12 ft.- wide, -not more than* one
man In a room in one shift. ' .Timber
same as No. 1 Seam.- <■ , '•■•
Room, Cross-cuts: " ,
»To be driven from each side 6 ft.
by 8 ft., and 'riot more than 25 ft from
one side,' $1.00 per yard in addition tq
tonnage. ■" - *   ,
Chute Building:, ,
Or building brattice to rooy   Props
8 ft.*' apart.  "  Same  as No, 1
chute building. ^
Stairway:   ' s '
Per yard, 20 cents.
Brushing:
As already decided..
Seam
THE  LEITCH  COLLIERIES,  LTD.
CONTRACT PRICES
MAPLE LEAF COAL COMPANY,
LJMITED
CONTRACT PRICES
No. 1 Seam
Mining   Rate:
All work, except pillar work, to be
50 cents per cubic yard. •
Pillars: '
THE HILLCREST COAL AND COKE
COMPANY, LTD,
CONTRACT PRICES
"Mining rate, except In plllnrs, to be
CO cents per gross ton,
Mining rnto In pillars to be 40 conts
per grosB ton.
Yardage:
LovoIb to be 10 ft. wldo, 7 tt. high on
PERHAPS YOUR KIDNEYS ARE
CAUSING ALL THE TROUBLE
Did It ovor occur to you lo suspect your
kidneys as tho causo of that dull, achy
feeling across the small of tho bock, that
stiff nock or soro muHolos 7
It is a groat mistnko to dopo yourself
to euro n lot of symptoms like neuralgia
and alight rheumatic pubis, na well as
that generally congested stuffy fooling.
Get at tho root of tbo trouble—tbo
kidneys.
The way we live nowadays your kid-
nova don't got half ft chancu. Thoy nro
not scnsltlvo and do not glvo you pain
themselves, but when thoy quit work
for any renson, tho result shows Itself
in many ways-—pnin in tho bnck—stiff
muscles—littlo shooting rheumatic pains
—stiff neck—neuralgia and other things.
"""        ""  '" " "l
Yardage:
iJevels to be 10 ft. wide, 7 ft. high on
low'  side,-' and thickness of coal on
upper side $1.75 per lineal yard.' > ■
Parallel Airways:
To be 6 ft. by 10 ft., $1.75 per lineal
yard. - '
Crosscuts:     (Between levels.)
To'be 6 ft. by 8 ft. $1.50 per lineal
yard. **
Room Cross-cuts:
To be not less than. 8 ft. by 8 ft,, not
to be driven more than 25 ft, from one
side, no tracks, $1.00 per lineal yard.
Timbering:
. Room timber, maximum to bo 10 in.
diameter at butt, and 16 ft. in length,
$1.00 per set, with., lagging, If required
to Bet timbers of larger dimensions
to bo paid for ln proportion, or bo set
by the Company.
Entry Timber:
Maximum to be 12 in, in diameter at
butt and 14 ft. in length, $2.00 per
set with Ingglng; If required to set
timbers of larger dimensions to bo
paid for in proportion, or,to bo sot
by the company.
Props:
All props, oxcIubIvo of thoso used to
Bot brattice or chutes, 5 cents per lineal foot.
Track Laying:
All track to bo laid by tho Company,
except a pair of temporary rails to tho
face, which.shall bo laid by tho minor
without charge.
Chutes:
30 cents por llnoal yard, fi planks,
2 In. by 12 ln„ 2 poats every 8 ft., with
cross pieces,    TIiIb   Includes   shoot
lnon.
Brattice:
fi cents por llnoal yard for each foot
In height.       „
Brushing:
C ft. wide, fi conts por Inch per llnoal
yard; 12 ft. wldo, io cents por Inch
pnr lineal yard.
No, 3 8eam
Mining Rate:
Except In pillars, fiO cents por gross
ton.
Pillars:
cents per cubic yard.
Entry:
To Im drlvon thickness of scam (7)
seven feet elenr of the rails, $1.7!) por
llnenl yard In addition to tonnage.
Track Laying:
All track lo bo laid by the Company,
except a pair of temporary rails to tho
North Mine—No. 2 Seam
Gangways:. °
• 7 ft. 4 in. collar between the notches,
8 ft. legs, lift, spread, 7 ft. high from
t;he rail, Including laying of track, digging, ditch, timbering, and lagging,
$10.00 per lineal yard." 75 cents per
foot of thickness, per lineal yard for
rock when required to be lifted." . .'•*
Counter Gangways:
6 ft by 6 ft., $3.50 per yard.       '   .
Chutes:   (Between Main and Counter,
-Gangways):
6 ft. by 6 ft., $3.00 per yard.
Cross-cuts:
6 ft. by C ft.level, $3.50 per yard.,
6 ft. by 6" ft. angle, $3.00 per yard.
4 ft. by 4 ft.)-level, $2.00 per yard. '
Breasts Across the Pitch:
To be driven 16 ft. wide, 12 ft. high,
measuring height from foot-wall to
roof, measuring'1 width from low side
rib to high side rib.
Allowing 6 ft. width for track, measuring from foot-wall to low side rib.
Including timbering, laying track,
handling coal, brattice building, dirt
to be picked and left in the gob.
To be paid at the rate of $11.52 per
lineal  yard.      Breasts of greater or
smaller-dimensions to be paid infull
proportion.     .
Breasts:    (Up the pitch.)
As per' present practice, per cubic
yarci, ,50 cents.'. - ?
Pillars:-'*1   t. - ■
, Including timborlni; from across the
pilch work, per eiMc yard, 50 cents.
"""Including-timbering from    ujyThT
pitch work, per cubic yard, 43 cents.
-,"'   South Mine.—No. 1 Seam
Gangways:
7 ft. 4 in. collars between notches,
8 ft. legs, 11 ft spread, 7 ft. high from
rail, including laying of track,' digging
ditch, timbering, lagging and rock
work, $13.00.    ■"    , *    "'
Counter Gangway: ■>
6 ft. by 6 ft. thickness of the seam,
per lineal yard, $3.50.
Chutes;
6 ft. by 6ft. or thickness of the seam,
per, lineal yard, $3.00 '
Angle Chutes and-Cross Angles:
■   14 ft by thicknesB of seam, $4.15,
Wider* or narrower angles to be paid
in proportion down to 12 ft.
Pillars:
Including timbering, per cubic yard,
45 cents.
Yardage:    "'•■?'.., ,-■ '   "     y.,       .,.y
Levels and parallels, $1.00 per.lineal-
yard.-   ,   - o ■-.   .-,.,        •       - „».   , *
' Cross-cutsrbetween levels, $1.00 per
lineal-yard, j-'f,--.',   .,-        .     y
Room cross-cuts, no tracks,'50 cents
per. lineal'yard. .""'-.. .,".,   -"    -7
.\," Nb,"T"Mine East ■      \   ;'.
Mining rate:..   •'   ■ 7-   ■ '   ,,  ,
,    55 cents per gross ton."5
Yardage:"    •   ■' " ■>'- ' >        v '"*'    '"„'
.Levels and parallels, $1,00 per lineal
yard.*1     - •  * ".7.       '-.   .
Cross-cuts "between levels, $1.00 per
lineal yard:        . • ' , . • .        a
Room cross-cuts, no track's, 50 cents
No. 1 Mine North.—Upper Bench  ■
Mining rate:      -   •       ...
60 cents per gross ton. ■
Yardage: .
Levels and parallels; $1,50 per lineal
yard. ■ ,," ^
Cross-cuts between levels, $1.50 per
lineal yard.
Room cross-cuts, no tracks,, 50 cents
per lineal yard.
- (Lower Bench)'
Mining rate: '
55 cents per gross ton.        '
Yardage:
Levels and parallels, $1,00 per lineal
yard. - ' '        ' ■   •■
Cross-cuts between levels, $L00 per
lineal yard,   y
Room cross-cuts, no tracks, 50 cents
per lineal yard. ' ' >
' Provlde'd that should the coal on the
top bench merge with that in the lower, the rates now placed ori the Lower
Bench shall govern. ''
7 No. 1 Mine South
Mining rate:, ' ,J    -    ■
55'cents per gross ton.
Yardage:     ^       » -    ■"
Levels and parallels, $1.00 per lineal
yard..    -   7 .  "
Cross-cuts between levels, $1.00 per
lineal yard. '■",,''
Room cross-cuts, no tracks, 50 cents
per lineal yard." ■
Provided that the above mining rate
shall include the mining out and casting .back of band of slate, and that
two irioriths after resumption of work,
a'long wall rate shall be fixed by the
Commissioner of the Western Coal Operators' Association, and the President
of District 18, United Mine Workers
of Amerlcar 7 '       ,,''
- "No. 2 Mine
Mining rate:        . "
i *"* i i    '
60 cents per gross ton,,    '           ■
.Yardaae -  i	
the work as "New Work/'as' for example'a change from Longwall to'Pillar and, Stall, or vice,versa,:,shall be
considered "New. Worfc"; ■)%■ V7"„y 7
Pillar Extraction:'" ' 7.yy4-";y, ^ ".V
When pillars are extracted, the price
shall be five (5) centsl.per^gr'os's ton
leps in all seams thari is paid for solid
coal mining. - . v "•'* ..'    .. .
I
All Seams
: CONTRACT.PRICES—MICHEL
,    COLLIERY      v     .
°     ,    No. 3 Mine-   -/V~-   1
Mining Rate:   ' , "■„ ,
57% cents per gross' ton.   ■ ■■   ,'■,.,
Mining Rate:
Levels" and parallels, $1.75 per lineal
yard. ' ".*".'•■
Cross-cuts between levelB, $1.75 per
lineal yard. ' . • .'
Room cross-cuts, no tracks, 50 cents,
per lineal,yard.
New No. 3 Mine \   "
Mining Rate:' t .     7,,'     " .
57% cents per gross ton. .
Yardage:    >    •
Levels and parallels, $1.75 per lineal
yard. ,'-        .  ■ ', "    -
Cross-cuts between- levels, $1.75 per
lineal yard. .
Room cross-cuts, no tracks, 50 cents,
per lineal yard. -,       • •
No. 4 Mine '7.
Mining Rate: . ,
55^ cents per-gross ton.
Yardage:
Levels and parallels, $2.00, perineal
yard.. . ,
Crosscuts, between levels, $2.00 per
lineal yard.       - ■*■"'.
Room cross-cuts, no tracks. 50 cents
per lineal yard. '- '
"-     ' Noi 5 Mine   ,     '
Mining Rate; ,'.'-,
60 cents per gross ton.
Yardage:
Levels and parallels, ^ 10%" ft wide,
$2.40 per lineal yard.
Levels and parallels, 13% ft. wide,
$2.00 per lineal yard.-
,   Room cross-cuts, n otracks, 50 cents
per lineal yard.-       S'-,
No. 7 Mine
Mining Rate:
'' 60 cents per gross ton. ■ -'' '   i"
Yardage: .    t       * -'
Levels and parallels, 10%' ft. wide,
$2.40 per lineal yard.
,. Levels and' parallels, 13% 'ft. 'wide,
$2.00 per lineal yard.   - '-..<'/',
Room cross-cuts, no tracks, 50,cents
per lineal yard./     ^ ■•   ''.."">'..
System'of forking:. 7* "; V-■ .,./-
7 Whenever "any ^riew system is* inaugurated, or radical,change .in the pre"-
sent', system ;is-?made".in''-any mine
where there is a contract prioe.fixed
thereon, the Company^or the'employee's may ask for a price to b'e.fixed on
the .work as"'New7Wort," asiforiek-
amplea change'from ^Longwall, to-Pillar- arid Stall',,"orf vice.versa, shall" be
considered "New,.-Work."   7 "'. '7
Pillar'Extraction:-:-'  7',, ■'•  7
'-.When pillars .'are extracted the price
shall be fixed five'(5) cents per gross
ton less'in all seam's-'than is paid-for
solid coal mining,   y.,   ■'.'   ■   '.   i
CONTRACT PRICES—COAL CREEK
- , AND  MICHEL, COLLIERIES.
Cogs:,   '-.' ..'■".**     .  ';..'
When the Company requires* the
miner to set cogs, the, cog shall be
properly* filled with rock, provided
there is rock handy, which- only requires to bo moved once, and shall
pay' for the same at the rate of seven-
Posts^ - ; , ,..fi,, .-y7 \   ", '
•'"When posts'measuring, ten.feet" or* ■
more in 'length* are required, to be set
the-. Company • shall  pay "thirty-three-
and-thlrd' (33:1-3)"'cents' "per- posty
iPosts jinf pillar work - in; No'. "8, Mine,, j:
.Michel 'shall be paid, for as at present,,*;
thirty-three "and-7one-thirdy33' "'1-3) ,°
cents'per. post.,'. y. ' ' -- '„ -7-1.'." '".
Bridge;Sticks:   'y--    ,i      "•■.■'■• 7V'"
;" oWneri'"T the. Company  requires- ■. .the; ■
riiiner' to'/set bridge7sticks?they" will-
pay $2.00 per bridge.stick,,, ; 7;. ',;'"•
track-laying:    ',77'^,7    \-'\  ,y '
7 Tracks witli-10' lbr rails shall be laid \
by miners in levels and parallels,.and
(Continued on page, 6)  "
Shihtib Gun
QUICKLY  8T0PS COU0H8,  CURES  COLDS,
HCALK THB THROAT AND LUNGB. SS CENTS
teen (17) cents' per foot' of height "Rer
cog 3 ft. square, and'twenty-two- (22)
cents'per foot of height per cog, 4 rt.
square.' The Company shall set all
cogs.larger;than, 4 ft. square with
Company men,, -• . - '    7 <■ ,
Trade Marks
-   Designs  -
COFVRlOHTSAC,, -
Anyone i»ndlntB*keteta«nd description may '
oulokly uoertain oar opinion free whether aa ,
iQTentW Is probably patentable. (>>nimunl(».
HoniitrlotlyoonadentuOANOBlJOIf on Patent*
lent tree. Oldeit agenor.for aoourtsspatenu.
. Patenu taken through Mann * Co. twelve,
itxetaliiotfce, without oaanto, in the
Stlemilic flmcricaii.
Ahandmmely Ulustrated weekly. .Lai-geit dr-
- cplatloD of any aolentlflo looniaL   Termii for , >
. Oanada. U.T6 ■ year, pottage prepaid.   Sold by
JJ ntwjdeajers.'...,',, <..
... _ _ MiBioaAwj, Ngw York
4tt 51 Bt, Washington, D.C. .
The Ledger for Results
Imtienal Bank of Canada;
;„    HEAD,OFFICE, TORONTO       .
Capital-Subscribed,.'   ",6,000,000      Capital. Paid  Up
Reserve Fund  ..:....'  "• 5,996;900    -  Total Assets'.-;..
,. - 6,996,900
V   72,000,000"
D. R. WILKIE, Presttlent HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN" BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Mbyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and, Victoria.     7,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT ,     -i
.M^erest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH .' ., GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager -
These uro not serious In tlicmsolvcs,
prnimpt \Ao.
Tako Nyal's Btone Hoot Compound and, fi«'e, which Btiuli bo laid by tn<» miner
your kidneys take on new life—the aymp-.«Jtbeut clutrgo.
tomt dlf appear and danger of diabetes, - timber:
chronic rheumatism and tlrcsd liright's ]    vt .       ,„ .     ,     „	
disease is promptly averted. * f ,l,or<Jit,1»" n '»• ln '»l""«t«'''.
Just toM, this out for yourself-that's ■ J2.no pur H«-t. 'i
Iheonlysurowuy—tryJxyiti abUitmHoui Counter Entry:
Compound, and notico| how joon these.   To i»> drlv<>n thickness of senm (fi)
offered to tho public.   Tho Nysl people, >'*»rd, lu addition to ionnnne.
lad to convince us of this first before wc Timber: ,,
would offer thero to our fualonn'w,^and     N(lt ,non, lhnn 8 ,„   ,n fl|nmolcri
this remedy wo know to le all they ,
clmm (or it. *       '      '
.Upper Entry:
ror S»lt' In r«TMr» ntirt tiunrnntr-r-d hv     Mir.K. r
not  nioio
DAVENPORT COAL COMPANY
CONTRACT PRICE8
No, 2 8eam
Oanqway:
10 ft, wide, 7 ft. high, $10.00 por lineal yard, Including loading and mining
conl and rock, setting posts, with lagging on tbo high side, nnd laying track.
Raises:
10 ft. wldo, $3.50 por llnoal yard on
n basis of forty-eight square feot area
of face. fB.OO for bulkhead and flrBt
length of chuto when not put in by
the Company.
Counter: '
12 ft. wide, $4.50 per llnoal yard.
Prlco includes putting poats with lagging on high Bide of tho place.
Broasts:     (Up tho Pitch.)
f»0 conts per cubic yard, plus 2%
conts for timber.    Building chutes 30
conts per lineal yard.
Cross-cuts:
Price as In hreastB, plus $1.00 por
yard for narrow work,
Pillars:
•IS cents por cubic pnrd, plus 2%
cents for tlmbor.
No. 5 8eam
Gangway:
fiO centB por cublo ynrd for mining
conl, Ynrdngo, $1,75 por llnenl yard,
$2.00 nor sot for timbers with Ingglng,
B cents por Inch por lineal yard for
brushing.
Raises:
As In No. 2 mine, plus $1.00 per sot
for tlmbor,     "flrldgo Bets nro counted
na two sots of timber,
Counter: ,
Samo as In No, 2 Mine, plus $1.00
per set for timber, ,
CROW'S   NEST   PASS   COAL
COMPANY LTD.
N.  E. SUDDABY
vsiky, except rrsmnrt (
Hutu H lu, in diameter, .1 j
pU-«v  vrt.  t\ r.O;   2  piece set. $1,01;'
heavier timber to bo same as lower j
miry. I
'CrctstuU Bttwttn Entries: j
Tn   hr-  ilrh-t n   thfatrnoit  nt """tru,   p^r flri'"-if yrtrr?.
-f-lKbi tM f.^.t wide, $l.6(» per yard In j d Naw No. l" Mine
"r-'.iltum !fi ttmutiKo. , Mining rstt:
K»<fry ^hth to I* ten f*»et wid.\ i       .".*> t/jnts p<r jtross ton.
CONTRACT PRICES—COAL CREEK
COLLIERY
Old No. 1 Mine
Mining Rat*:
rift cents per gross ton.
Yardage:
levels and pnralb-lfi, $1,40 per lineal
ynrd.
Cross-cuts bPlwe^n Ifvels, $1,00 per
llnonl yard.
llofirn CrOTS-rnts, jio ttvifks, r.ft ctfita
~ Levels and parallels $1.50 per lineal
yard! .--,-'",'
Crosscuts between levels, $1.50 per
lineal yard.    :    7.\
Room cross-cuts, no tracks, 50 cents
per lineal yard.   " _"
Provided that two -months' after resumption of work a longwall rate shall
be fixed by the Commissioner of the
Western Coal' Operators' Association
and tlie President of District 18, United Mine Workers of Amorica.
- No. 3 Mine ' °
(No. 3 Slope and all workings on tbe
north side of slope.)
Mining rate:
Pillar and stall system, 60 cents per
gross ton.
Longwall system, 60 cents per gross
ton,
Yardage:
Levels and parallels, $2.00 per llnenl
yard.- ;
Cross-cutB botwecri levels, $2.00 por
llnoal yard.
- Room crosB-cuts, no tracks, 50c, per
llnoal yard,
In longwall work the Company guarantee to koop the brushing up to within 4, ft, 6 In, of tho face, and when n
man falling to do so through tho Company, Is put to any Inconvenience ho
shall havo tho privilege of brushing
his own place on Company work, the
Compnny to find thoi heceBBary tools,
If nt any time tho condlliono become
such that tho minor, can lift six or
olght Inches of bottom with tho pick
without Borlously affecting hia work
as a coal producer, ho shall bo given
the prlvllogo of doing so when re-
quired by tho Company.
No. 5 Mine
Mining Rate:
60 conts ivor gross ton.
Yardage:
Levels nnd pnrallols, $1,50 por llnonl
yard.
Cross-cuts botweon levels, 9i.R0 por
llnenl yard.
' lloom cross-cuts, no tracks, 50 conts
por lineal yard.
No, 0 Mine
Mining Rate:
Pillar and stall system, C2V4 cents
por grosB ton,
Longwall system,' W& , contB   por
gross ton,
Yardage:
Levels mill parallels, $1.50 por lineal
ynrd. .
Cross-cuts botweon levels, $1.50 per
lineal yard.
Itoom i-ross-cuts, no tracks, GO cents
per llnc.il yard.
Clod!
When the Company roqulros the
miner to tnko down the clod, overlaying tho rotil, thoy shall pay him for
doing sumo, Including Btowlng, ono-
half cent pnr Inch In thickness, per
foot In width per llnonl yard measurement, to ho taken weekly In tho middle
oi th<» u-orktnn place.
Brushing;
HoUum ImUtiu* to Ih> dono by,, (he
Company i '[ ,.
A'd 8eams
System of working: 'i
\Vhotip\or nny new system Is Innug-
«rai<i1, or ladlci) rharif;* In lie pre-
*r>nt pyrem to uudo. [u auy mhw
where thrrv j« ft ronlnrt price fl«ed
Iheronn, tln> Cunipnny or tho employee* nmy nsk for a prlry to lie flyi*d on
l .    „
" .'" "" '• ; .   N678"Mihe * ~ a   -;7"
Mining Rate:.        '
55 cents "per gross ton. 7
Yardage:', '.--'"-.
levels' and parallelsp$1.00 per* lineal
yard. ''.-."..      . • y   . -
Cross-cuts hetween levels, $1,00 per
lineal yard'   -, ' ;y      ' '
.  Room crosis>-cutB, no tracks, 50 cents
per,, lineal yard.
It Is^agreed that the thickness of
coal to be taken out in rooms and pillars shall be 12 feot.     '   '    ,
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
PRESERVING LUMBER    ,
Is now occupying a great deal of
; attention.    It's a good thing.'
FIRST-CLASS  LUMBER    . .'.,
' ■" is getting so scarce that   somo
dealers do not have any at all..'
We have plenty,.however,.  Wo
make a speciality   ot   handling
'"   only   high-grade   stuff,   which,.
wise dealers '.will  tell you, Is
really the cheapest.
OFFIOC and YARD,  McPKBRSON AVR., OPP. a N.  DttPOT,  FERNIE
♦
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Buyers! Guide
For DISTRICT LEDGER Readers
ii.                                                                                                         -                                                                                        '
Spend   Your Money  with   These
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co,
Crowe Neet Trading Co.
.'   Philip Carosella
Weber's'Store, Ltd,
Your Bank.Acct.
-   Bank of Commerce
*        Bank of Hamilton
'     . Home Bank
♦
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co,
"Butchers
"41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Billiards and Pool .
VA Ingram, Club Cigar Store-
Dairy
Fernie. Dairy
""■' ■■'         'c,"         I,...    i ...
Wines & Liquors
Pollook Wine Co,,
P. Carosella.
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
'   Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Colsman
Royal Hotel, Neleon
How to travel
i
Over the Great Northern
Over the C, P. R.
i             "             *\
MacksmMh
L.  C. McDt-ttjJd.
When you're dry
Mutt Extra
Real Estate
C. h. Lyons -
M, A. Kastner
Joe Qrafton
Livery & Cartage
George Barton
Hardware
J. D, Quail
Trltes Wood
J. M. Agnew I Co, Elko.
Professionals
DCNTI8T8
, Dr. Barber
LAWYERS
i                -
Ross, McDonald ond Lane
Eckstein AMcTaggirt
Liwe (B, rWtex
Sewing Machines                 >
Win, Carton
♦ *♦*♦*♦*♦#♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦•♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦
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' /^
-V-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, DECEMBER 2, 1911
/
PAGE  THREE
0
mi^MTfmM.m^
Civipi Federation Comes ik
forCehsUre^Mc^a
TJitind is Fattened*' '
john Mitchell talks
/j
V
»■
ATLANTA, Ga.,' Nov., 21.—After a
,-, .bitter debate continuing all'day,,,-the"
convention of tlie American' Federation
■t of-Labor refused1 to adopt the resolu-
■   tjon requesting President'Gompers and
other labor "officials to resign from the
National "'Civic Federation, was overwhelmingly, defeated.',,"      - 7   -
-./   The resolution was offered by tlie
" United .Mine >Workers; and had the
,' support of the Socialist element. ■    ,
- It was opposed by, Gompers, Mitchell'and., other, Readers.     Gompers
' characterized  the -resolution  as "an-
' other attack,by the Socialists." , e, r'
; "They are. now fighting from with-
■ ln,",he said..   * ,,.,"-,
A dramatic turn! vyas given to the
' \debate- when "John Mitchell, charged
'*   that' the", last 'convention, of-'United
."Mine Worker's," at which" the resolu-
'" tion was passed asking him and other
7 officers of the American Federation
.. of Labor to resign",from ■ the National
Civic Federation, was "packed" with
delegates ■ whose    credentials .'were
.  fraudulent,   and.whose-vote  author-
- ized this request in opposition to the
,   majority of the bona fide delegates. ""
• -.."They-waited"until "my hands were
:• tied before'they;did this/' said". Mit-
'.. chell.  " 'The"government.-   had, figu-,
, ratively, placed; its, clutches on me,
and I was sitting in' the Supreme Court
„ .listening to'the'attack of the enemies
• of labor, when.this blow 'against ine
■ was struck." - '',-'• 7 --'," "
-The Civic Federation was defended
- by Mitchell, who reminded the convenV
tion that His unionVhad^ forced blm
u^^J^glvejipjis^position^aLtheLhead,
;of the trades agreement department "of
• that organization; although he was "doing much" for'labor in-that position.'
Mitchell indirectly defended Andrew
; Carnegie by saying, that the bloody
strike at Homestead occurred when
Carnegie was.ih Europe."-   ,,;-.,,:
"' ""Henry C. Frick," he, added,' "that
blackest enemy of labor," took. advantage of Carnegie's absence, it is.sald,
to',-scab on the* Homestead mines."
- 'Mitchell praised. August Belmont as
a friend of labor, saying Belmont
fought for the passage of the Employers' Liability Law ln New-York.
Duncan McDonald,- who offered tbe
resolution for the Mine Workers, delivered a bitter tirade" against "alleg-
,. ed" capitalist members,of the Civic,
Federation, In which ho characterized
Andrew Carneglo as tho - "worst'on-
omy that organized labor ;has over
1 gone up against In this country.
DennlB Hayes, president of the Glass
Blowers and nn officer of tho Civic
"Federation, defended the organization
iiBBortlng that tho labor-leaders were
benefiting tholr causo by affiliating
with it. „       .    ,   ■"
John H. Walker, who Is a candidate
for tho presldoncy of tho United Mlno
• Workors, supported Mitchell's clmrgo
thnt the last convontlon was,packed.
Ho said $10,000 had been put up by
coal.operators to fill tho convention
with fraudulent dologntos who woro Instructed to ndvlBO Mitchell out of tho,
union, .'
"Wo enn do nothing to plonso the So-
elallsts," snld Gompwn, "unlOHit wo go
over body, boot and breeches to them.
Because there -is hunger among tho
poor, they seem to think we should not
go to,,tho banquets of the rich who are
identified with' the; Civic Federation,'
.where.we are, abhvto do something
to relieve the condition'of the poor,
" "Their idea is that the whole.nation
should he brought to-a state of poverty
and *tben' by some cataclysm they(
would come into their own and-take,
charge of society.".      >    .       ■
--■   ,"'   - '-. .    . „        r'    '   -
A. F. of.L, Go'.on Record,as Opposed
',;   ''.'7    '.  to \War
"■ '"'ATLANTAf-Ga., Nov., 2—The American Federation of Labor, to{day practically went on record in.opposition
tb war-'and in favor of the settlement
of international disputes by peaceful
arbitration.-
7 The proposition'of,the Federation
was made .clear in' the discussion of
a resolution providing that the Government should have all its "battleships built-in the-United States navy,
yards under the eight hour day law,
rather than have them constructed by
private shipbuilders under .longer
hours.*'. '" - ,7. *"""
•-. When the resolution was read, John
H. Lennon,'.treasurer- of ■ the Federation, declared 'he was'-opposed to. indorsing the' .idea", that armament ■ is
necessary.,? ,'    J - V   - -
'"If we set the rexample,'"- said, he,
"the other nations'will follow> We
should stand for peace."-   f. ■ y   ,-,-,
The, chairman' "of"-".the' committee
which had the' resolution,'in charge,
explained that there-was "no'intention
,p_fi_endor'sinc_Uie-movement..'.-','- I  7
The great body of the"-'labor delegates supported John .Mitchell, former
president of the United Mine -Workers
in his charge'that'the miners conven-
vention was "packed," in-an effort to
putrhim out of the union, when a resolution was adopted at Columbus compelling him to resign from the Civic
Federation.      ,        .'".,'
President Gompers ".was' highly
pleased today over the outcome, *' He
announced- upon his arrival more Mian
a week ago that he would not give
up' his Civic Federation affiliation under any condition. '
He believes that the "labor uplift"
organization is of great* value.' He
poohpoohed the charge that it was
unwise for him .to associate with certain- "captains of industry' and "alleged" oppressors of labor such' as
Andrew-Carnegie. . z
"Civic,Federation of Value." 7
", "The , Civic* Federation does work of
real value, and it is a; great" advantage to ine in my efforts in the interest
of working men. to belong to it,"* said
Gompers to-day. ■    -
"Any other view of the situation
is narrow-minded, and I am highly-
appreciative ,of the strong endorsement given'us by the convention."-
; John Mitchell reaffirmed today his
willingness to produce proof that certain, coal operators had contributed
to a plan to 'pack" the Columbus convention against him with,the use of
fraudulent credentials. ■ *
"■With'.John H. Walker, who is a
candidate, for the presidency of the
United!Miners on'a Mitchell platform;
Mitchell -, will. Immediately ' begin
preparationsr to take his charges bo
fore the next miners convention.   .   "
The Gompers influence is expected
to be'behind Walker ih his contest'
for leadership of the miners. A fierce
campaign is certain. ..'
The ■"■ convention today adopted a
resolution,' urging- Congress to. order
all,battleships built' in Government
navy yards'. •.- The resolution declared
against* militarism, hut set-forth that,'
if the nation had to build battleships,
it should do the work Itself.,
yEresLdent7Gompers™,-was'-authorized-
','The committee takes the-position,"
said he, "that, ,owing;to",the"7Unchris-
tlanlike attitude of "several nations,
shipbuilding is going, on.' The United
States Is compelled, because of this
fact,' to continue ttie shipbuilding industry. '„. Our desire;- Is to meet thjs
condition'by having'the Government
build whatever ships it- must,-. build
tinder the eight hour law, whlch-Tias
already been" adopted by the Government, , rather than by private shipbuilders, who have not adopted,this
law.".' -' .
The explanation was ■. satisfactory
to tho peace element,- and the resolu-.
tion was adopted.
, Thofoderation^aluo adopted resolutions indorsing, compulsory education,
freo books'and- night' schools for
children ovor 16 years of age.
' 'Provision was made for appointment
of a committee to visit President Taft
to urge his assistance In securing the
following roforms in'Porto Rico,   ■'
Incroaso In school appropriations;
tho establishment of a labor bureau,
tbo abolition of convict labor In gov-'
eminent work; tlio enactment of a
Child Lnbor Law, and lho adoption of
tho Eight Hour Law.
. The complete "victory" of tho Gem-,
pors-Mltcholl-MorrlBon regime ln tho
American Federation of. Labor convention, whon the resolution requesting tho resignation of all officials from
tho National Civic Federation was defeated by nearly throo to ono, loft tho
administration In comploto control today.
who works with his fingers and" brains
at the  same' time." L' ,y ■-. .
"Labor is now doing "much to bring
about the ideal sbbrt day and some object' to the 'efforts* in - that direction,
but we must remember that labor is
only trying to do-io'capital what capital has been trying to dc to labor" uninterruptedly for the last seventy-five
years." 0Labor has reached its triumph
in Siin Francisco,'""where the school-
teacher' is paid $75 a month' and the
master bricklayer gets $225 a month,
but-it simply is diffusing wealth
throughout the community.
- "Ninety-five per cent of the people
are born with a' heritage of health.
It is the duty of the public to see that
each.gets the white man's chance to
develop" all his possibilities. The com
munity must- see that all the good
health born into the world Is given its
proper0 chance.^
"We may have to abolish entirely
tho transmision of money by- inheritance from one generation to another,
and I believe that would help the one
as much as the other.
"Even the fresh ' air requirement
means almost a revolution in our methods of building homes. We - must
havo an entirely different conception
of .building homes and even cities.
""Modern education means the development of the whole child, not merely
the expansion of the upper end of it.
We nre now supporting by the whole
public anr educational system that is
taken advantage of to the" full by only*
20 to 25 per cent.'"
THE FOOD.QUESTION
Collier's (Canadian edition )of Aug.
26tli'contairis" an article entitled "West
field a Pure Food Town" which is sure
to be interesting to all housekeepers.
The people of Westfield (Mass.) woke
lip to the fact that they were not getting pure food or pure material for use*
In food. They do not want, and "now.
will not have (fruits, jams, etc., in
Which "certain preservatives, are used-
peanuts that have been varnished to
make them look nice, etc. Of the
groceries tested in the laboratory one
of the most frequently adulterated. is
baking powder. -A delightful concoction known as a tart proved'to be puff-
past made with alum, with a jelly
centre dyed with' coal-tar.' The article
goes bn to say: "So little baking powder is used in some homes that this
product'would seem comparatively unimportant. But a great deal of baking powder, however, is used in the
bought cake'and biscuits) and a great
deal of this is- adulterated." -.The
adulteration"may be, by ammonia,
which-is fraudulent, but not injurious,
or by alum, which' is "decidedly injurious, as it hardens the tissues of the
mucous membranes. As a precaution,'
look at label and seo if Ingredients
are stated.. Better refuse it if alum
or something that looks like"alum
(such as alumina) is one of them, or if
the ingredients are not stated by the
manufacturer it will be well to select
some other brand."
Jam, jellies,, catsups, confections,
gelatine, dessert .powders, flavoring
extracts are often colored with coal-
tar dyes. These dyes are sometimes
harmless but very frequently, injurious
depending on the particular combination. There ls one bottle of Creme
de Menthe at the", Normal School
which contains a coal-tar dye sufficient
ly poisonous to have killed two people.
(The bottle Is almost full, but the small
amount used,, caused the death of a
man and his wife, arid the the product
was sent for analysis. .-Extracts are
also adulterated with wood ' alcohol
and with tumeric, -a fraudulent adulterant. /
No. doubt many, cities and towns,
will'profit-by Westflled's experience
and follow Its -example.—Canadian
Home Journal, • '
A Reply to ike     7
7 Single Taxers
1
Cream
Jlff«tfo from ffrapo Oremm of Tor*
ion obooltrtoty froo from alum.
For  sixty years American  house*
wives have found Dr. Price's Cream
Baking Powder a guarantee of light,
pure and wholesome food,
to appoint a committee of six to call
on President Taft and urge* improvement of "wages and, labor conditions
in Porto Rico. ,..„ ' "
, After endorsing compulsory education in the cities and urging the extension of.free.night, schools, the convention adjourned until to-morrow, „■
Seattle, Wash,, today made a' renewed effort to'win the 1912 convention, but Rochester seemed to have
the lead,
United  Miners and Western  Federa-
'',7  ,  tion Will Amalgamate
ATLANTA, Ga., Nov. 24.—The,Unit-
ed' Mlno Workers and the Western
Federation of Miners today agreed
upon a combined organization to Include 400,000 minors (which will bo
formed, following 'separate action of
thejwo oxecutlve boards)
At-tlio next meeting of "the United
Miners ,a resolution proposing' withdrawal from tho American Federation
of Labor will be Introduced, and may
result In tho big now organization cutting loose all affiliations,
Tho minors'are disgruntled over tlio
refusal of tlio A. F of L, convention
horo to. compel President Comport
and others to resign from the National Civic Federation, Many of tlio
minora also nro making wai- on John
Mitchell, VIce-ProBldont'of tho A, F.
of L.
Tho A. F, of L, Indorsed the candidacy of Job Harrlman, Socialist, for
Mayor ot Lob Angeles, on the ground
that he represents trade unionism nnd
is oppoBod to capital,
Unions to Combine
The convention ndopted.a resolution
providing that nil paid officials of or-
gnnlzod labor shall contribute ono
wook's salary to llio MeNamara do-
fonno fund, This will bring In $50,000
according to Socrolnry Morrison's" figures.
The American Federation of Labor
took tho positive stand loday Hint
thoro Is room for but one organization
In any ono trade,
Tho United Tlrotliorhond of Carpenters and tho Amalgamated Woodworkers wero ordered to combine
Tills policy was adopted to apply to
all rival' organizations In the samo
trades,
IC the carpenters and woodworkers
don't roach nn nnroemont within nn
days, President Gompers was empowered to rovoko tho charter of tho woodworkers,
■ ' The following '■ communication combatting single tax is published by
the Herald, as; it is the policy of this
paper to, be„ absolutely fair to ' all
parties.',' - The writer of the following
letter „Is,va, Socialist. ;
... A few weeks'.ago we had a' visit
from Mr.-Henry George, jr., tho son
of—the^rrecognized^authority^on^tne*
"Single Ta.x Theory," and he lectured ori his .father's theory to a'small
and apparently appreciative audience.
At* the conclusion of the lecture,'the
speaker' invited questions and discussions, and I put to him five simple
questions, all.bearing on the subject
of tiio evening, but tbe answers given
were entirely uniatisafctory and evasive, Mr, George's plea was : That
to reply to my questions as I deBlred
would compel him to discuss Socialism, which he refused to do. Now,
when th© leading light of the Single
Taxers cannot discuss the varying'
phases of Political Economy ln order
to show them to greater advantage
than his.own peculiar theory, thon it
clearly bhows without-much probing
the weakness of the much-lauded pan-
nacoa for all our socal ills.
Ih n rocent Issue of, the locnl papers
there appeared a report of an address, given by Messrs. Manwarlng
and Mooch, of this city," boforo the
North Lothbrldgo . Ratepayers' Association,
Thb substances of the addresses
delivered wore bearing on the Georgian Idem, and I nm told of a certain
Utopia in Alabama, called Falrhopo,
and.l am sure II. appeared to' those
present aB a beautiful dream, how
the citizens of Falrhopo havo light,
water, wharfs, etc., and woro contom-
plnllnB a street railway, without a
cont ot.taxation. Woll, yes; , that
sounds vory fine, but In tho first
place, tho wholo lownslte wns owned
by tho city, and each and ovory oho
of the original settlorB bollovod In
Single Tax, nnd undor that systom
thero could bo no bind monopoly.
lint how Mr. Mnnwnrlng Is going
to mnlio a Fiilrliopo out of Letlibrldga
romnliiH a mystery to mo and others
In llio city. Let us soo, for the sake of
nrgiiiiiont, how Slnglo Tax Is going
to work out hem, Tlio problem (bat
Ib boforo tbo proporty ownors of
Lotlilii'ldgo Is the holding of vacant
hind for speculation. Well, If I understand Hlngle Tnx, ns lnld down by
henry George, it Is fo havo all taxes
»'or city Improvements collected from
lnnd valuations. Vox instance, say i\
fow yours ago I buy on tbo Installment
plan, two lots. I havo them donr,
and savo sufficient money lo build on
thorn a two-roomed shack,    Tlio noxt
B2£N1C185*
of CANADA*
9
QUARTERLY
DIVIDEND ;
NOTICE
" -'    Notice is hereby given that a; Dividend -
''" at the rate of SIX PER CENT, per annum'
--upon the paid up Capital Stock of»The
Home Bank- of Canada has been declared
for the THREE MONTHS ending. 30th of _
' November, 1911, and tlie same will be pay-
- ablo at its Head Office and Branches on
and after Friday, 1st December next.
The Transfer Books will be closed from-
the 16th to the 30th November, 1911; both ',
days inclusive.  <
By order of the Board,
JAMES. MASON,'     y
Toronto, October 25th, 1911.     -- - General Manager.
J. F. MACDONALD, "Manager. Fernie Branch.
Capita)-' Paid   Up   .; $-2,750,000
Reserve AUndlvided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets '"  40,000,000
The 'Bank,, of Hamilton v has made
saving simple—by -eliminatln g-all unnecessary Bank formality.'
An account.may.be opened with the'
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act1 as,an incentive to
.steady saving and^vill quickly grow,
to a sum worth while.
J. R. LAWRIE
Agent
Head Office:
HAMILTON
long to? ■ To the coal dealer? Oh no,
it belongs to the miners, according
to the'Single.Tax theory, for if they
had been working this coal' would
never have increased in value.' The
same applies' to the holding of vacant
land/ ••-.-;:'"
Taking "this theory, and applying
1 t-tb-aational-lnd ustriesr'for~ifistan(^;
railways, lumbering,-etc., etc. ._ ,•
- It is often; pointed put that the
"poor-capitalist",'-is sore exploited by
the landlords and-that the exorbitant
tax demanded'- from capital, in the
form of rent, Is a barrier to progress,
with jts, resulting lqw wages, for .the
wago earner- and small profit for the
capitalist. ,'   - -  . '     -
!,      .An Example' ■"*'
> Int. order to show tho utter absurdity of the,Single Tax we can take
tho C.'.P. R. (is an illustration. This
organization*Ib both landlord and capitalist, and if there Is anything In the
Single Tax theory, tho poor C. P. R„
as a capitalist organization is being
ruthlessly exploited by arrogant and
bloated C. P. it. as a landlord. Does"
this look, feasible? And yet this is
what' these Utopians maintain, that
capital Ib exploited by landowners.
I havo used tho C P. It. as an' Illustration, and tho same will hold good
lor nlmost all of the big corporations
in this country.
During Honry George's lecturo horo
ho put groat forco on Lloyd George,
Chancellor of tbo British I3xchofl.uor,
nnd his introduction of the Single
Tax in the British Isles'.-1 Ho was going to start with taxing bno-flfth of
ono por cont of tho land valuation,
and If It worked out bo would place
all tnxes on lnnd. Let us sco how
this works out, All llio lnnd ln the
British IhIoh Ih owned by n. fow lnnd-
lords, with tlio oxcoptlon of whnt Is
known ns freeholds, that Is n man
horo and thorij who owns Iho ground
IiIh Iiouho Ih built on. Well, .when
Lloyd GeorKo'B Rchemo poiiiob In full
force what Is koIiiit Io happen? Tlio
lundlordH nro going In pny nil Die
tnxes, olc„ of the country. Woll,
what Ih going In be tlio result? The
fnrnier's rent will go up thnt much In
proportion, and In lho ciiko of n bad
year, ho cannot moot lho rent, nc.
cordlnK <o tho laws of the. country, tlm
landlord enn nuIzo Iiih Mock and flint
Ih the finish of him, poor fellow.
Then In Dm cKIoh, townn and villages, whoro a mnn owiih IiIh Iiouho,
and through (ho liouvy foil that, in imposed upon blm tliroufjli a slnglo tax
It Is-bettor for blm to pay rent than
own his own Iiouho, lie Hells ll, then;
Hi rough unemployment, slcknct>u or
old ngo he cannot pay rent,    lio has
Fronting the lake and surrounded by improved property. A few tracts still
available at exceptionally
low prices. Satisfaction
assured.    Cash talks.
j Genuine Bargain
      __....' * *    	
Joe Grafton
Fernie       -       B. C.
POUR HOURS A DAY IB ENOU0H
two lotn to 1111110 uiu owned by a new 1 to join bunds with tho farmer nnd
Mih'Ui, u t.wuif.'i acid.; lu t,ws t>i 1 *.(•'* i'ii
liavfl been ntnried In vitrloim coiinlrlnH
litld Ml dtffct'iillt I linen, but tin; lit-
lemptH to solvo tlio cconomlt! problem of tboho by mciiiiB of taxation
nlwiiyH ended In failure.
I borewlth clmlluiiKo to meet, any
nf tho Single Tax advocates 011 a public platform, and If thoy vim convlneo
nm Hint Hlngle Tnx Ih a good thing,
then t will admit ll. I havo u solution to offor, If neecHsury,
WILLIAM PKIOMLKfl
(Jllmore'B Bakery, Lethbridge,
Tour houn will constitute tho Idwl
working day of tho futuro and ilx
hour* aro enough ovon now, mombors
of tho City Club, Chicago, wero told
at thoir weekly luncheon last wook by
Dr, Woodi nutehlnion, lho New York
physician, lecturer and writer.
"Pour hour* of Iniellljfflnt work onrh
day by all adult member* of a community, through tho proper development of machinery, can ho mado sufficient to supply all (ta neodi," bo declared. "Bit bourn a day would be
enough at tho preaent at*** of development If overybody worked. Tho
•Hperman of tho next century la to be
tho liitclllgwtilly educated   craftsman
work nnd erectu on hla two lot* a
plant toveral storlea high, and In tho
manufacture and dlRtrlbutlon of his
prodnots ho uses tho city's light, pow-
«k,  'IiA\v.i,  l-vC,  Am!   UAi   i«,'4Ui»  tiV  fell-
gages havo tho uio of tho atrooti of
which It takes a considerable num to
keep up tho woar and tear, Do you
conslilor this a good thing? Ob, yes,
for the man that owm tho plant, but
not for mo who only owns n shuck.
Y«t undor Single Tax I would havo
to pny the aamo taxea. ;;
Another favorlto argument of the
Slnik* Taxera Is "Community made
wealth," Woll, lot ua oe# how thia
world out. Before tbe coal atrtko-
etmt on * coal dealer bay* 100 tons
of ml at f.T(W r*r ton. Ffe hoMo
it until the recent cold apell, and he
then (tots 18.00 por fen for ll, Who
docs (hat 15.00 Inereaae per ton bo>
Wa u'd)* lu (no poor houuu, tm
tho Single Taxers want me (0 believe
that Single Tax I0 a good thing.
1 could go on writing and pointing
out the absurdity of. Single Tnx, but
1 don't wont lo abuse the privJIego
granted mo by taking up too much
space In your valuable paper.
In conclusion I would aay that I
notice that It was claimed for ono
of the gontlomon who addressed tho
North Ward ratepayers that l.e wa»
the plonosr of Dingle Tax In thia city.
ThU bolng Uiu csuti the K«nlleimtn In
question should bo ablo to point out
convincingly whei'ft I sm wrong.
The so-called Single Tax Is no new
Invention of Honry Oeorge, aa la gen-
eraliy nupposcd. Tbe Idea ef taxing
land valuca u Uta chtut uidiu uf
raising national revenue waa advocated by the French economists of tho
fifteenth century.    Many movementa
SUFFERED
With Bllloumeu and Sick Headache
ChkKury, Alia., .Inly fc„ 1V01
I waa a great mifferor for a long
time with DIllousnoiH, Rick Headache
nnd Liver trouble Nothing oeomed
to do mo any good. I hnd almost
given up In dcipalr whon I decided- lo
try.
FIO   PILLS
After taking about halt a box tbo
headache* mopped and my appetlto Improved. I have Juit flnlihed the fifth
box and fool aa well aa ever. I can
heartily recommend Fig Pllla for
alomach and liver trouble*.—Mr* Mary
Cllton.
Sold at all dealer* In 25 and CO cent
boxen or mailed by The Fig I'll I Co.,
St. Thomoo, Oat.
Annual
EASTERN
CANADA
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario. Ouobee &
Marl ti mo Provinces
Tlckoln Iwinl In roniiArtlim with Atlantic
Htrwrinhliw will 1«> nn ml* from Nov, 10th
U> Imc lint IrHii'lvn nml llmltod to (Wo
month" from dntn of l>uni<v
Vlnctt f'jiifpnionl, "Un.UrJ FlM CI.*a* »r.d
ToiirUt ."Iwjpliitf (tat*.  Dltilnif Cam
on af) liiroiurh train*
Comjxirtincnt, Ulirary, riWrvMlMi Cur on
"iHipvrln! Llinllwt"
TICKETS ON SALE
D«o* ftttoSUt Inelutlvt)
Return limit 9 months
Applr M»»»t U P. It, aiwnt for p*rticuUw
orwTlCoR,fl. MoVKir.MR,
HUL, V***t:uuvr Aictnt, l'«bjary
0    M '.■.vrc'i -
^^P^yy-r
■?yvi'
"^7;
^-.-a^r** 1--
•^^if-r-'^r^V-^x T^V
^
;-. "',"i"7:
.■^■w'Vi-ji;
>v^- .f^ v.
~W°i.i~ -4 i.-iS _5.J
y«--
-•7. 'I",-'
-Wry
5!-7y^y.-yy
V..'.
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, DECEMBER 2,1911
• Published "every Saturday morning at its offict,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per, year m .advance. An. excellent advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
• yertising rates on application.-- Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job-and
color work.*' Mail orders-receive "special attention.
Address all communications^to The District Ledger.
•,"   ;v       '   •   '       J. W. BENNETT,Editor.,
Telephone No748, ""  " •' ^ostoffice Box No. 380
<UNION
HOW MILLIONAIRES ARE MADE AND WHY.
.   COAL MAKES MILLIONAIRES
"The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company is one
instance among others of the rapid rise in value
of coal companies' shares when operating in advantageous fields.     Shares which were origin-
'.ally sold at 10c. and 25c. we're subsequently acquired by the Great Northern Railway at $380.00
per share.      Investors'who had .purchased 100
*   ,. shares at the ground flqdr price of 10c: were~ahle
in a few years to sell out for $38,000.     The an>
omit oi'llieir investment was only $10.00.
"For her share in a coal property on Vancon-
, yer Island. Mrs. J. Dunsnniir received profits
;•' .-amounting to $3,000,000.00 during ten years, or,
$300,000.00 per year.      Your opportunity now.
, .The American-Canadian Coal Company, Limited,
operations, Graham Island, B.C.'        (i
' .-The above extract wc reproduce without charge.
'It is merely .a ease oE unadulterated journalistic
philanthropy, an instance so rare that comparison
may not unjustly' be made lo lien's teeth. .
Note carefully the glaring head line:-'
"Coal makes millionaires!"     „ -,_,_'
How alluriiiK!     IJow brief and yet-how colossal
tho humbug of it!
No!     Coal does not make millionaires, but it is
■   the Labor of fliosc who are fa el ora in the production of tlio beat furnishing commodity actuated by
a,s,generosity born of stupidity, they accept a pittance for their offo'rls;in the shape of wages, create
millionaires as a by-product of industry,
.Be loyal!     Be'thankful!    ,Be thrifty!     These
'arc theflim flam-counsels doled "out by the.inaster
class liifd their hirelings in-press, pulpit, parliament
', arid pit head. .    ;  '.'
,,    Were it not so tragic'one might;also regard the
"whole business as a huge-joke.:    'We talk'-about
diyiduals-'who -risked' their.slender.resources are
entitled .to every dollar received, we use the word
"entitled,' because ^title is .vestedcin. the power to
'collect so long as the private ownership of the'
means of production and tlie usiifructyherefro'm is
upheld by legislative enactment""to which.the,ro&:
jority of the voting public subscribe. ... -'
"Property rights" are right only so long as* they
are backed up by power represented Ijy, the Law
and will continue in like0 manner until; an "intelligent recognition' permeates the mass mind- that
"The Law .givetlyand the Law taketh away-
blessed be the name of the Law!"- " .
." To advocate a revolution, even- though' it -pbe
mental, one is guilty of treason to the existing regime, but whoever heard of a "successful treason"? -'    ' N      .      '   ," '.'.-'    ".
,-"■ '
"Treason", is only "treason" when it fails in
its mission, if successful a more,euphonious term is
used.     '*   - , ",    ', _    .       .--.•"'
That those who are today enjoying the pleasures
of possession use every available effort to remain
in control is praiseworthy, because quite natural
" St
and worthy of the highest commendation.0 They
simply exemplify the truth of the oft repeated
phrase about self-preservation a' primal law, of nature. The blame rightly belongs to those persist-,
ont supporters of a system'that are tlie victims of
their own folly.'       ',' y . y '<  ».-
The wiseacres who attribute the existing social
unrest to innumerable causes as well as those quack
doctors of -reform,,under various .guises, are playing the role "of" the modern-Don Quixote and are
destined to meet the'fate of Saricho Panza's master
—i.e., put hoi's dc combat, when the Giant'Labor
now aroused from age long apathy, prefixes "discontent' with the adjective-1 "enlightened." '
- This is no idle dream; no mere conception of a
visionary,'but is, as'clcar.-as day to,thosc who. looking below the surface of tilings:" note the trend of
affairs.-obtain an insight into the-inner workings
of the Capitalist machine, arid-realize that the-dnys
of ifs usefulness, aithough many, are numbered.
ryi /\E> 'E.;'"» N;.CANADA:
CONTAINS vN O   A LUM
- CON FDRMS TO JH E
HIGH STANDARD OF
GILLETT'S  GOODS.
' 'Our Letter Box ■
1 Tlio District Ledgor accepts no responsibility fin- tho views oxpi-OiKCd hy iU curres-
lionncnts.' Communication-; will be inserted
-whether RiKiicd by tlie real nniuo of tlio
wi-llcr or » nom deplume, but tlio writer's
name- and address, must ba given to tho
Kditor us ovidencoof jjood faith. In no caso
will it ue divulged wit limit consent.'
CO-OPERATIVISM   AND .CAPITALISM
I the Canadian Co-Operator (November issue)
ilie slntciiiont is made on page 5, "-The Cooperative '"Movomont abolishes "profit.". ''We< take
issue wit.', this definition of ."profit." '-The mere
changing of a word from "profit".into-"savings"
in nowise affects the moral force, of the principle
involved, simply because of a\ quautative distinction..- -Although Ave .concur-with the writer in
question-that "words are "used^to express-ideas
a'hd individual- conceptions of facts,'" we'are at a
loss to understand why a-change-in, proportions
"kissing the lial^rir^Tffite^u^lnj^vt^ing^aM"
,evoiV,goes to farther extremes and will wage combat against their fellows when they'endeavor tp
point out the folly of such actions. "'" -""
'. To return.to our "muttons." '".
' "The Cro"\v's Nest Pass Coal Company is one in-
stance among others of the rapid rise iri value of
coal companies' shares .when operating in advantageous fields." ■       '    -
If tlie above'statement be .correct thero is most
assuredly a gigantic "nigger in the wood pile somewhere., , . "■,.-■'. ■ '
. Perhaps it may be "explained on the assumption
that there-was extensive-gambling upon the future
in the early stages of the formation of the corporation referred to; this gambling can be translated
into tho amount of surplus values that could'bc ex-
trncted out of tho hides ,of the working class, the
lollies of mismanagement wore not even approximately estimated, ^otherwise what explanation can
bo given for the recent investigation when tho famous Obrden Award was reached, bused on the
documentary evidence furnished thnt the mines
lind for some time past been operated nt a loss.
Granting for tho sake of argument thnt tlie figures given wero correct, tho story of the Prodignl
Son can he cited ns wortby of study, bocnuso nny
individual possesing tlio lenst modicum of gray
mat! or knows that gigantic industrial ventures arc
not elccinosynary institutions whoso'"prime cause
for existence is to demonstrate "sympathetic!"
friendship for miners and llieir families, and likewise siifegiinrding llio financial inlorcHls of "poor
widows who linvo invested llioi.i' savings."
To come right to tho point: Somebody lies, and
lien most ntroeiously, tho placing of tho rcsponsi-
bilily for these departures from tho Irnlh zone wo
Ionv<* to our renders—
"SIiiuvh which wore originally sold at
10 and 12a cents woro subsequently acquired by the
Grcnt Northern Ilnilwny nt iftWO.OO per share,"
should"!^ deemecl^cFange in'faety-7    ^    ~"
First, however, having disputed that profit is
syrionimous with savings, we'should state" our in:
terpretation of "profit" in order that possible misconception may be avoided.
; Let'us take the derivation of the'word as a starr-
ter—"Pro" and ' "facio," which may "be freely
translated ns "To make out of,;or,do out of, or
proceeding from." -      -  .fi
This is in brief the'etymologicnl meaning . "We
now turn our attention to the next step in tlie argument: Wlmt. arc the essentials in production?
Raw material, the earth, the air, the sen, upon
which must bo mndo tho npplication of mental and,
physical energy iri order to effect nil the various
processes that prbductsjnust undergo before com^,
plelion is accomplished. " These are'the only basic
fnclors in production, Cnpital .being a derived factor nnd neces'snry only so long ns tho present system obtnins, here again because of diverse intoi*-
pretntions of what constitutes enpitnl it is timely
that wo elucidate whnt this-word convoys-to our
mind. Cnpitnl is "thnt" portion of unpnid lnbor
which is used for "the further oxploitntion of In-
borers both mental nnd mnminl, whothor tho form
of payment bo cnlled wnges or salnry.
Tho abolition of tho Capitalist system would nu-
tomnticfllly plneo "Cnpitnl" ns nbovo interpreted,
into tho realm of the obsolete nnd thnt which todny
is 'Cnpital' would be transformed into a continuous
wealth producing entity. Tho interpretation gathered from the article alluded to is that "profit"
may be termed "snvings" by 11 statutory limitation
of its rate (sec Inst pan.on pago 5), in other words
where tho volume of "Cnpilnl" in excessively largo
nnd tlie individuals nssociatod together nro the re-1
eipionts of large "Profits' or oxeossivo dividends
tin's is "Capitalism," but whon tlio volume is lesser,
llio individuals contributing, in tho main coinp-iKCil
of worl;inipiHi, and the rnto of returns munll. I hon
it boconios "HM'ings."    From our viewpoint Cnpi
... ,   A  CORRECTION
The following communication to the
Lethbridge Daily Herald lia's been forwarded to us-for publication:'
1     Lethbridge, Alta., '
'November 28th,J911
Lethbridge Dally Herald, Lethbridge,
Alta.':"     ,-,,",.
Sir,—Kindly allow the uridersigne'l
committee on behalf of Lethbridge
Local D'nion, Ko.-*574,' United Mine
Workers of America, .space in your
paper-to, reply.to the, villainous nnd
unwarranted'attacks made, by some of
the members-of the Lethbridge Board
of Trade and published in your paper
under date of Noveinber 18th, in re:
ferenco to Slavonic mineworkers. .
, First allow' us to state of the Slavonic mineworkers "employed at the" A.
R. and I,'Co. mines atieast eighty per
'cent of'thorn owirtfieir own homes in,
Lethbridge • and 'Staffordvillo village,
arid o£ a.class of.citizens their homes
both Inside and outside are clean, decent and respectable, and will speak
for, themselves by anybody yisitiiig
them. ■ . '•' ' . \     -
" Aud further'more,-we wish to state
that they adopt I heir ways to tlie con-
ditions.'.of .Lethbridge, ,or any other
country1 they aro;living in, mak-c^'ap--
plications.for then;"naturalisation pap-
ers,..ancl as .soon as they are eligible,
become British' subjects and exercise
their franchise according to their own
-iojMc&ion_s;_i. ' " '       7       -. V
iong struggle between the Western
Coal.Operators and coal miners'.<• But
I am sorry to say that-we have been
as miners and leaders,. continually at
tacked by this paper. Wfiy? I have
a shrewd guess; but no more on that
point. It Is true, as lie says, some of
us will-have to hit the ties; but Mils
man or men had no right to gloat over*
It. We have fought a clean fight on
principle. All thejmenwh'o vnre victimized will take their medicine, and
go across the line, or to.China, 1 perhaps, where at least,we can have woik
helping to overthrow tyranny. Just
a line on my own and comrades' parts
in Prank and Blairmore."; I'weut Into
the . time-keeper's " office - along . with
others, to ask for our '. work '- back,
standing in Une one behind; the other,
waiting outturn to sign on. " In front
of us were three men' that had never
worked in'Frank,mine; two of thfem,
by £hcir ore- te'stimony) came' direct
from Nova Scotia. Biit when we'came
forward the" book was closed, -and
thrown-against" the wall, and "tlie superintendent, Sam,Shone, says' "Nothing, doing. ■ The work you were on is
finished."        '     ;'.    ,
• Now Sir, .what the operators think
they will gain by'these mean tactics
lam at a loss lo know. It just comes
to this: Our leaders ought never to
have signed sueh/a document and left
the,.fighters nt the-mercy "of the ,op:
erato'rs. In fact, if this thing is not
put a slop lo, I shall use what-,little
powers of,-influence and eloquence.I
have to cancel this iniquitious"'agrce--
meiit. Thanking,you in-anticipation.
- 0- , Yours. truly,   , '"'*".
".. - ' ' "ROBERT EVANS.
Frank, Alt.-u    -,V-    - • "...    '.,,
They' are'- reported - in -the." papers'. ■ ,"A
legend grows -up around ThimS'' The
people beBin*tb"t"hlnkjAthere"lB",'Bome-!''
ing in him'.- ., He. becomes Cabinet
Minister, 7' and". henceforth'^ lie.) Is ■' no"
.more mortal, butAa.,Hnd; of.^superior,;
being.,. X-The ^little runt, has become a
great man "in"; their^yes,,;'' "*""--, _\.- •''",
;.."An..ordinary" runt can'.thus' become
famous, while;" almost, an'idiot born to"
an .-hereditary; honor can, maintain', a
reputation" for" wisdom through the accessories that mon<jy and position will
buy' and* which.will glitter in the eyes
of~the people.','".Is not Borden now regarded with;more respect by.thepeo-'
ple^tha'n before he was'j prime minis-
,ter ? < h Is he- not the same'' flesh and-
.blood and brain he was two* months
ago. and<is it not„the votes„of the
people .that is the only change? .
As,"., to hereditary position, King
GeorgeNis a case in point. s Born Into
private • life, perhaps he would never
have" risen,above- being a "clerk in the
military department of the nation.'"  -
Thfe people give, knowing not. that
they give, and then worship the recipient of their gifts because he has tho
gifts given by'the people."-, ■ "When we
Socialists analyse the true position of
these worshipped ones, many common
persons become-provoked and say we
are discontented misanthropes. --,. We
smile at the worshippers of the little
runts in higli places. '  ..-_•
Let the people remain self poised.
Let them keep'their brains clear." Let
them' trust themselves and themselves
and themselves alone. For salvation
will not' come frorii the so-called great
ones. The common people must save
tho common'people fi'om corruption,
from "oppression aiuL,Injustice, from
blind worship poured out tb fools.
, Relying upon, the common .people
to bring about tho economic salvation
of .themselves, we-'Socialists-keep on
exposing the fallacies-by which-the
plunderers endeavor to justify their
'plunderings in the eyes of the plundered. And we can res£ content-for intelligence inhabits tlie brains of the common people and we^can -rest- assured
that reason and truth-will triumph.—
Cotton's Weekly. ;      '
ENCOURAGEMENT-ASKED FOR- /
1 "7     first AID  MOVEMENT
St.. .John's    Ambulance , Association
-'7'. Waited . Upon'; Premier .Borden  \.'".';
, ^^y V " '^f?f^H'7y.   »77y 7
. ^OTTAWA, Nov.' 23—A deputation representing the Canadian",branch of St.,-"
Joliu Ambulance   association..' waited • ■
upon IHon. 'Mr, Borden "and 'placed be-.,,
fore, him a request of .the-association;•-
for'a -liberal grant towards .assisting ""
the work.of-extending^'the.. first-aid,"-
movement * throughout' the Dominion.,"
Dr. MoritizambeVt placed the claims of""
the asspciatlon before'the premier,- Mr'
Borden" promised "to give-r the; request'""'
everyattention!'.1    '^, . ,- ,  r]   " .:
1<
INFORMATION WANTED
Therefore, ,be. itiresolved that we,
the committee appointed by Lethbridge
Local Union, United' Mine Workers of
America, condemn-, the dastardly, and
'unwar'ran'to'd attacks made by some.of
the members';of-the Lethbridge Board
of.Trade, and thata copy of this reso-'
lutlon be-sent to the Lethbridge Dally
Herald, and District,-Ledger for publication, and that a copy of same be
se'nt'to.the Secretary, of, the Lethbridge
Board of Trade and a copy of samo be
spread-upon the.mlnuto books of Lethbridge Local Union. 7 "
Yours for British Fair Play,
1   ,'   '   .TOH-N[.T(LAWSON,   '    .   -
JOHN McTAGGAItT,
JOHN., FIBHIK.
Jt iH not rwiHOiiulilo to expect thnt a mili-ond cor- j tnliMii inheres in tho existing nilministrntinn of nf-
piiralion of lho iiinKiiitiHlc of tho flrenl NorlhiM'ii j fnh'H ro^nrdloRH of wholhor il he lonnod 11 co-opor-
-would piiri'iiiiHii 11 iiuirq handful of nlmroN, hut rath- nlo niovcinnnt on n rolnlivoly Hiniill scnlo, or whoth-
or oiidoiivnr oillmr directly or indirne.lly, or per- or it ho n Rtoc) TriiHt on n Inrito one, iH in onnimiuo,
ImpH holli, lo obtain control of Htiffioiout voting |enpitnliHtic, profit producing roKiivdless-of tormino-
Ktri'injtli to lie fuctorH in tlio adiniiiUfrittinii of j loKicnl twiNtiiiKs.
nfl'iiirK.     , flrnnlod thnt labor ])roduocH nil Kocinl valftos,
'Wo luivu been told thnt .T, J. Hill is 11 minor fnc-, then how could profit bo crontcd unless i'lioro i'h
lnr jn tho diroi'loniti', and while tceliuicully this '• unpnid labor fiomewhero?
ihiiv  be riuifi» fMn-ci-t   nrolmblv n  bluff r»r «rnff 1     We hnvo no nunrrol willi eo-niifriilm-w   b.^finief
"f'nlonel,
subjw
Till!
ill(ltlH<
ShHohsGiire
STOPS GOUQH8'S5^EcL£?-?S
80UR GRAPE3'(?)
. - -   * s —; ; -,*, -     ■
" '  .,    Fernie, B; 0„ Nov. 15th, 1911 ,
A.. J. Carter;'Esq.!' Sec'-Dist. 18,-^U.'M; '"'
; W. of A.J Fernie B^ C.i\~  .."     '
Re-James Kearns (Deceased)-     ,,"
' Dear Sir,—I havo been requested,.in
behalf of the widow and 6 children of  ...
the' above named deceased to niake In-'   *■
qulrles respecting the death and place
of his death.   My correspondent states
that °he wag killed at' "Crow's Nesf   l
Mine, almost three years ago" -.This.,
of course, Is very indefinite, and the    ,.
term ""'Crow's NesV. Mine"'applies to 7,
any of the several mines operating in
what-Is "known "as the Crow's Nest   >
Pass.   • The.'dccease'd was not,- as-1 am ' ^
informed- by- Mr.*,.Maurice, BurreM,*.. a ,
member of .the Michel Local Union." It'  .',
is very likely that he "belonged ^to one'   -.
of the unions iii Alberta, as myvicor-
respondents-state that .lie must-, have  ^
been a union man.'-'7 \  '■    7, 7i ,
If you will kindly, solicit InformationT',,. -
from the several Locals in'.,your Dis-   .,
trict, touching-the decease*of the said; '
James Kearns and, the'cause thereof-,'<
and communicate tho same to" mc, you -
willgrcatly oblige,; not, ko much'my-,'
self, as the''widow: and chlldrden of *'
the party named.       ■",'''
Thanking you in" anticjpatlon,"   _ t  ,
I'remain,   .       ',.'•--,,
Yours faithfully,
■ ■   I<. P. ECKSTEIN.'  ,
THE CANADIAN BANK
^F7COMMERCE
"SIR EDMUND WALKER, -C.V.O., L^D., D.C.L, PRESIDENT
■ ' y';;     -■ '   ■ ALEXANDER LAIRD;'General Manager■
CARiTAL,.-' $10,000,000   ■ . ;•
BLUFFING THE PEOPLE-
Pernio,'November 30, 1011,
To tho Editor, District'Lodger:
Donr Sir,—Thoro has boon much
talk nmong tho sportsman of Fornlo
slrico a party of hunters brought In 21
cnrcdsoB of door, nnd vmnny unkind
things linvo boon snld nbout IIioko
gonllomon, whllo1 tho oplthot usually
nppllotl by tho disgruntled to tho sue-
coHBfnl hunter, hns not boon lacking,
viz,, "Qnmo Ilog." "
Now, sir, tho law pormltn n Jtlll of
flvo door to ench hunter,' por eonson,
but us this party conslHloil of nix It.
will bo Boon Hint thoy averaged thrco
mid ono halt cur.casoa por mnn, mid
consequently tlioy-ltopt woll wttliln tho
Knnio laws; fnrthor, ot tho twenty-one
I bollovo thoro wore but throo doos,
.Of coiu-BO, thoy otiglit not to linvo
tnkon ho jiinny—tlioy should linvo loft
n fow for mo! Thnl's my foollnRH,
but I linvo ilonldod to pronounco nbso-
lutlon If thoy will lonvo a decent cliimU
of meat nt (lm Lodger for (Well,
novor mind, (lie odltor knows,) I
,flgur<j, loo, Hint tho'majority of tlio
sorelinmlH could ho curort nftor the
unnio fiiBlilon, hut of courso, If tlioy
don't como lliiougli, ,woll, wo sluill
hnvo lo lilt 'Tnt" for our Sunday bite.
, In conclusion, I oxloiul my sym-i
pnthy to brothers hunters, who, llko
myself linvo hiked o'or thq hills In
twnwli r\t ino'H   lm! «»nnM «tior»not Hint
-Whoever, has -attended-, banquets
know, how reputations are made. It
is an interesting study }n physchology.
- You.associate "with some little runt-
of a,person for years.' You go to
school or college with him, or maybe*
.he is a fello^y clerk or a' fellow. tele-(
grapher. .. •'"'    \
You have not thought much of him.
He Is an ordinary sort of cuss. "He
has tho little meannesses arid the little virtues of tho crowd. Sometimes!
when you arc out of sorts and ho does
something, you say, "Damn the-cuss!\
At other times, when your digestion Is
working well, you say, "He's riot half
bad.'"7> And thus you rub tlirough llfo
with him.
-But the Idea-comes Into tho hend of
this llttlo, runt to do something different. Ho has mado up his mind to flo
Into politics, or to vnmooso'to a'fnr
distant city, whore ho has hoard that
pay Is bettor. , And his follow chumps
resolvo that the bost thing to do Is
to give the ehnp a farewell banquet.
A hull Is hired and tho food Is two
plunks,a pinto for the ordinary mor-,
tnl, The friends who nro known to
have tho gift of gab nro askod to Hay
something. Thoy pot (0 work nnd
think up nlco Uilngs to sny. , They
must do well11 nnd so thoy work out
glowing phraBos and sounding periods
niid. use tho llttlo runt an a peg on
which to hang, tholr laudatory olo-
quonco.
You go to tlio banquet nnd thoro
Is glitter of silver—or maybo only'
plnlnrt waro. T!w> electric lights arc
bright nnd thoro nro twigs of green
on tho tables. You feel woll nnd
iirlnk woll nnd tlio slipping to nnd
fro of tlio soft footed nnologollb wnlt-
prs mnko you swell with prlilo nnd fool
good Insldo,
Thon comes tlio eloquence, You nro
told wlmt a flno follow tho llttlo runt
Is. You nro fooling tonry from wlinl
you hnvo drunk npil.tho tonrs kind of
nlop ovor on tho subjoct nf tlio olo-
quoiit linnuiKuo. You vlow tho llttlo
runt In a now light, Any mnn for
whom all thnt food was consumed nnd
for whom nil that eloquence Ih unclosed must bo qulto oxlrnordinnry, Tho
llttlo follow Iohoh his nmtlnoBR In your
opinion nnd swells up Into quite n
respectful decent aiid iilmoM. worship-
ful num. "
Thoso who linvo attended baiiquols
REST,,-.  $8,000,000',
DRAFTS. ON, FOREIGN COUNTRIES 7
Everyxbranch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce is" equipped t to; issue^drafU on
the principal cities in'.the following'countries without delay: ...
_Afeica-__
.Cretoi
_Ck«C8_
-Holland"
Iceland -
India ■ ■>
-IrelaW
vArabia> - '_ Cuba'1,
' Argentine Republic Denmark ■■-',
Australia Eeypt  '  ^
- Austria-Hungary . Faroe Itlandi
Belgium , 'Finland -   Italy
Brazil _  ' -   < FormOta -       ' >    Japaa       ' '
Uulparia       ."     'Franc*', '■ Java
Ceylon " Fr'ch Cocbia China Malta
. Cliili -     . '.   <• - -  Germany Manchuria -
China, .. Great Britain      ,  Mexico
Norway"
,S!btria_
.Souda
Panama' - ' - -.' -. South Africa .
Peraia- , '•    Spain
Pent -  .-   Strait* Settlement!
Philippias lalaadi' Sweden, ,
- Portugal ', Switzerland' *,
Roumaaia ; -.* "„ -Turkey
,'Ruuia' -'.Unitea States'-'   ""
Servia, '--1' Uruguay .'   ■--
Siam n   ,   Wot Indiea, etc.
The amount of these drafts is stated iri the Money of the country where they are pay-
fl able; -.that, is they are drawn in sterling, francs, marks, lire,' kronen, florins, yen,
tacls, roubles, etc., as the case may be., -This ensures that the payee abroad will
. receive the aciual amount intended. .   . A33S
FERNIE" BRANCH
,L. A..S. DACK,  Manager.
IF-YOO WANT THE BEST
.      i •      *"   ■«      t ' " 1 * ' "* '        * ■•      ' i, .
And  Nothing but the Best in Fresh
\ and ;Smoked   Moats,    Fresh'  and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to ,"
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM CRAHAM, Manager „; PHONE 41
C. E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
ct! in tlio cii'i'Hiiiy of iiifimlik' innm-eiils,
''Foi* In-)* .slum! in n ciiul proporty un Vancouver
Talnm!, Mrs. .1. OiuiNtiiuir rocoivcil profilK iiiniuiiil"
iii^r lo .1:1,000,000 during ton ymm, w ^100.000 u
yi.'.-ir.'I
VVit.ii did "llns poor willow ' <lo lo untitle Jut
In -mfn -A rnvfinic? "Slir- run iho rKk or limiiu; licr
Mitmvy" replies lljc «j)nln«isl, .TJuiro liti^lit juivo
I'l-fii tm i'!Mn<'iil of visit, but ineonserpKntitil eom-
|iiiit<1 to tlio risks of tlmso who took Iheir lives in '. form lo the. rules laid down, cniiHfMjiicufly they may
1 l'.c'e i.-nt^i iiiid for tlu> proloelioii of wliieh lint ! ha buyint? e« opcrativi'ly or iiuliviilunlly, may l»o
want tlirnit'lit was uiv.-n rhirintr the acr-iiimilafion   enpilnlists or watr^-earnern, or ovon holli.     This,
ut i\tv'VllQVnH. ', liowev«T. Huts not affeet their hiatus us beli«verx
AVe iieV,iiitw)eilf(e rjuitc wiH'mirly, tlinl  Hiose in- ■ in the ]»rin<-iph-s of eolleelivislie philosophy.
men from cnpilalmtloinHtitulions.
The Co-opi-i'iitor practically aeknowlivlm's thai
the capitalist system is finulameiitally riffht, corj-
domniiiK, however, iii kmhso, thai which he. upholds
in petlo. ,.   ,-
Sociiilisi.M reidize thai thero )h no liitelihootl-of
nbolishiny rent inlerest and profil in the near fn-      ,   ,„ ,
, lure, hut Ihey do know taat «oea-ly is «., orgamm i .-Vm*. i-orf.er Ponco." ...nt n*k yon
i eoimtiinlly eliantrni" and they aro compelled to eon- In* a fmor to tu,. n a prominent i»he->
A MINER'B PROTEST,(
■ We mil tlm followliiK , from I no
"UlWirlilKe Dully HerfthV
To i»i«? I-Mlior of tlio Ilornltl: ■
Sh,--I .nn fiiiiMinlliiK you on mi nl*-
kh,.K  t.uu.
•A ikir, MJ il, in  l.)i;af   VilitV
reiailfttloiui nro rancto and tho peoplo
nro,bluffed by tlm politicians nnd nil-
ora., An onllnnry Hind of runt not*
Into tlio bwIiik of bolns bnnqnetcd.
Tlio papers report, tlio Hpocchoii, ■ ITo
Is loolwd tip to Willi roupwt,    TFIi ro-
m* ,,„;,.„,„,. ,„. Kr,nk vw,,,,or! srirv:!0J.'. "IZ" '"I
l-'.iitorpriio, ' ^ntliloi,
In tlu? eoliiniiii* of your piiper Juat to
let trio public at ^YHteni Canada Uno v
tlio kind ol pn hh they hnv« tn IU1*!*1-
ium.u, .'.ov., fin, \ iriiml coKKriiliiiuio
yon perMjiialh- for tlio Impnrtinl manner you li.n-c tn-niml both nhh*a la (ItLi
foiv Bpoechoa ordinary Itlnd of onoa.
Electric Restorer for Men
*•   if- f*ili.nn, -.'i '•  "ji,Zl '(".K'niuuir'
'      r'lX'l't-.- ,
Tor Sale it  DledideK'n  Orug  Storn
Food Choppers
that
don't
t
chew
THE-"Unlvcreal"   Food
Chopper chops oil kinds
*"«»'«i..i..^
of food, whether merit
1* -iv^^W*'''*^ ^
niany
sizes
i
90c to $3.50
• i
J. D, Quail
•^n   or vegetables-:
X^M'
iA*V. W*   UUUl.bU
as coarse
or fine as
wanted—
\^\   rapidly
und
easily,
pbes
away
entirely
with the
drudgery
otthe
chopping
knife and
bowl.
Buy the genuine "Universal,"
GET ONE
i f -.y\
.V"
ft'-',
)'%.
>-w,"y v j "**%   rv»V:'*       "   ',> " '"*7. "I'*-1     t   >*  i,   \ v*   -^.7;   ,<£\ ^.:. ' Ty-* f\ ■''»)*••" , , -1 **.'- ~' ■*■*-
lmCS.-      ■*' J      .
THE ■piSTRICTLEDGLii;; FERNIE," SB. C, DECEMBER 2,1911
PAGE   FIVE
".j..  •?>
*HMl***»**»» ft » M*^^*^^-*^**********-*^*^***^*-^      «-*»•••»»♦»»»»***»»»»¥»»*AME^»*MMI^****** ft»A*»*»****^»*ViH^**»*^^^<Ml*»»"» V V¥»»»»».»»"'
.,;.*¥¥¥¥y»*y¥¥»»¥¥»»^AM^
:♦■
A -
FRESH   MILK,,
- delivered T, to '' all > / ♦
-parts' of the town ,,'
♦   Sanders & Verhacst  Brother's.
Proprietors ,
!
!
k;
IV,
'i-MACHINE- CO t
 ■ m\
»«S«rA«WW,W.«ft»rw-*;:»/;r?«-V«»t.v,-a-.
|":WM.    ; BARTON -£■.
•*'-."     ,•    ;-     "- ,     '■--,*"",    ' '   *
* ■■ " *
5 - Affcnt    Fernie   Branch   .-^
* ,        •;       -. \ . . -     ="   -     *
% Pellatt    Ave.    North 'J
* • ■  • - "     ■"-' -     .-.'     *
* -       -. '    .        ,""-'     *
^AH***-******"****^*********
•o ♦ ♦;<► ♦' ♦.«*■-♦,♦• ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦•'■'   • -   0=    '>;7>7     *■>_:-/.,♦
♦ 7-   . ,    MICH El*. NEWS 7-   ;--,♦
♦''^-'-.yy; .- yy.y.}7 +
♦'■'♦-.♦''♦=♦■•♦ ♦ *'♦ ♦"♦ ♦
'S- HOTEL
., liar supplied' with . the   best AYiiie.s
•   '    ■' ' Liquors \-md Cigars     "  "
...     •        ,"   ,      - ii .' ■ . i
DINING "ROOM; IN. GONNKCTION
"W.'MILLSyf ■    r'y':"' V'.. ■ Prop,
Coleman
-"    ,m,";       «      "-       "
Hotel-
, 'IDr7 Weldon, returned \ Tuesday ajfl;er
an "absence-of four months." ,7/
-   Mrs. E; Stewart, ot Fernie, and Mrs.
Stewart of, Hamilton, Ont., were, visitors "here-Tuesday.- ;- 7     ■
7 Rumors aro current that there is to
do -a«'change of - management in the
camp in. the .near future.
7 McDonald, chef of the Northern Coal
Company^ camp at Weary Creek,„>vas
in- town for a few daysfr . Mac spent a
pleasant-, tlmo    amongst   his    many
friends.,   ,     .   ■'   \.\. -.
The password of,;MIcheLtliese days
is,"Nothing Doing."" . ,
. Mike Joyce and > Yorkle are - now
baching owing td the closing of the
Carr's -Boarding 'House. ^ Mick.' is-
lucky to have such'- a - baching partner, as Yorkle'used to cook for-a
large gang onco upon a time.up the
Elk River. -" "7  " „ v
., Mr. Ernest Estabrook has secured
the, contract ■ of supplying timber for
the mines -here. Glad to .hear it,
Ernie!' ,,',■.' r    . -
Ned Bridge, formerly, pit boss at
Coal Creek, was a«'visitor here on
\V-ednesday last.     -    .   .
• Messrs.. Thomas , Colquhoun, Mick-
Joyce - and' A.-.S: Julian"have-booked
tlielr passage, via tho C, P. R.[ 2nd
cabin, for Liverpool, England*! where
I hey. intend spending Christmas." "\Vg
wish tho boys' every 'success on "their
trip arid hope tliey have an enjoyable
time.
Mr. Henry Gregory has 'returned to
Michel. '   ' -    _-i * "
"We learn that Mr. James Lancaster
is lo be in Michel shortly to address a
me-eliiig,on the'Co-operative systerii.
When that date arrives'we hope to see
a large-crowd'attend.;"-.-
. Mr and Mrs Albert^Bastiari returacl
here last Sunday 'from Nelson, where
th'<?y have- beefi''slaying .for considerable time.' Their many friends were
deli'ghted'lo, see .them again. ■-,'    .
J Mrs.yi; - McLean' "paid,' a7 visit ,to
Corbin, where" her ■ husband ■ ls • now
working." " She- will, leave-'shortly for
that; place- in 'which" they" will' make
Hipli*_lHninP
3 LABOR TO7ASK FOB
ti    CHANGES IN LAWS
Much New Legislation "Will Be Sought
at the Coming Session"
♦ ,-^   ■©.   <>.<»    <►   <>   <!&■   ^   <j>   <^
♦ ,," ' •' " -';>--'•'-T'i."-*'"-
♦ !   ,   CORBIN "NOTES " \.  \
♦ ' ■ By","Warbler."'"_--t ■M'-'V;
<►;•"*    .„-_;\v yy_ ""■'♦j
♦ «• *'+- ♦ ♦'♦"♦''♦"^■''■♦.♦- <>j
Ed. Wallace; International -Board
Mernber, was.here on Monday last on
business connected' with the 'organization.'"'!" '     ' '   "'" .    ",
Mrs..S. A. Smith and, her daughter,
Mrs. M. Sfreithorst, have left'for Coleman to take over ,the Pacific Boarding
House. We wish them success in
their undertaking. ,  ,
, A" dance was given on Saturday
last after the picture show, the music'
being supplied by the Corbin Orchestra, under the able leadership of TV
W. Davies.     - '*,,"'
Mickey Mclxjan and wife have taken
up their residence hero; ,    >
» George Spence and Harry Masey' of
Michel, arrived here on Tuesday last
♦ A short'lime ago a certain hunter
iri Michel went to the Erickson Valley
in search of big, game, but'did "not
meet :with success. Returning homo
foot sore, and weary and brooding over
his bad luck, he forgot his "sportsmanlike feeling, 'arid would you believe it,
he deliberately took a shot at n tlie
poor old cat. We don't know'whether
he hit it- or not.        ' ..•",.
' George Gregory and his sister, Miss
E. Gregory, were the guests of Mrs
Ball this week.    ""' -    ""  . .   .
- The Coal Company have refused to
employ ten men that, took an interest,
in Union matters-during tho strike.
This is very nice, especially after reading- in   the, daily  papers   about  the is0.Ci,iled B. C.'act,.  altar   which ,• all
operators -nnd    oar   representatives othef Wesfcrn''acts are patterned, has
shaking hands with each other when
EDMONTON, Nov. 21.—The Edmonton Trades'and Labor council will cooperate with th© other labor interests
of Alberta in asking legislation of the
provincial parliament .which • will
greatly proihote the. welfare - of the
workingmen of tho province. A letter
from W. Symonds, of Leambrldge, vice
president for Alberta of the Dominion,
Trades and Labor Congress, was read
at .the meeting last night, suggesting
that the provincial ' government be
seen by labor representatives relative
to (several matters ih which the labor
men , are vitally interesteds and relative to which'reform'will be asked of
the next session of the legislature. .
One thing that will be asked ls an
amendment of the' antiquated 'thirty-
foot" clause of the compensation act.
The request. will be'made that'this
clause be stricken out. The law, as it
is, 'follows "a pattern which has been
rendered obsolete in the old "country
and 'does not accomplish the spirit
which prompts its existence.
Object to Interpretation
, ' Another objectionable clause which
the labor men would eliminate is that,
construction which removes all liability-for'accident'to -workingmen whose
families live outside the province. The'
DISTRICT 18, U.M;W. of A.
■ ,j -'   l\      i*- ,X * ■'
Re District Officers Election
FERNIE,   B.   C. .25th November, 1911.
To   the   OFFICERS   AND
Greeting: '     -'
MEMBERS  OF  LOCAL  UNIONS,  DISTRICT   18,"U. M. .W. of A.:--
there was a sign of a  settlement.
•- On Wednesday.last (29th) the Corbin Lodge of I. O. 0. P. gave an entertainment and supper- to celebrate
the anniversary of its' Institution.
OPEN. AND CLOSED,.SHOP
PROBLEM
W. H. Murr%   Prop.
The>-special police'aro still-thick
around Michel' arid /we can't" see why
such a peaceable lot\Of citizens'.like
Mlchel;can boastof should, need these
extra custodians "of < the .law stationed
here. "" The' ratepayers" HE /the' province will- certainly havo,,a;-klck",conv'
ing If they have to'stand-forithlB!need-
less' expenso;""    ","!"'''.,""'"• ?''"'*■ y
•- Mr. James Mercer returned, to cariip
Saturday from the- coast where he
hns "boon forv.the last;,'two Months. '.
:Jlm Wormack brought another-fine,
buck Into camp Tuesday, last.,, Thin
riiakcs two for .Jim this season. 7- ,;
,., tiornlck's Can\p, whlcli- is located: lip
tlio Elk Rlyor some dfi-mlles^up.Js
closed for, tho' winter months, and as
a" result qulto a',nuhil)qr'!of .the boys
aro,In town,."'
The principal occupation af the. human race' in tlie earliest ages was Me
cultivation of the soirand.the raising
of cattle, and very little organization
was required in these industries. .
-~In^iino"^he"—peopie"Tgatherea—inttr
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention .
been -hold by-tho supreme court of
British Columbia, to disqualify from'
participation in its protection any
workman .employed in the , province
whose family'lives-elsewhere. '   ■ »
This-decision is being taken before
the privy, council by the labor men,'
but'jn the meantime there'are $40,000
In damage claims tied up In Alberta
over the construction of the law. The
legislature will -be asked to' provide
for the protection of all laborers within the province, regardless of where
their homes may be.
Tlie labor-men would like to see the
- We beg to advise you that the Ballots for the Election of District. Officers have been-forwarded by
Express this date. ,J If you should notVeceive same within a reasonable time you are kindly requested to notify
the. District Secretary-Treasurer in order that enquiries may be made;which- will ensure your' receiving, them
before the day of election. >.•■■' t      '
v> Your, respectful   attention   is called to the following provisions" in the District Constitution, which shall
govern in the.matter of Election:      ,
■o ', ^ i "" '
t\ , .i
ARTICLE"' 6.—Nominations   and. Elections.   '
, , " (i
,Sec. 1.   The   President,   Vice-President,   and" Secretary-Treasurer, • and   one     International /Board
'"' Member shall be elected from the District at large; such elections to be by  ballot   of   members   in   good
standing.   - District Board Members to be elected by a vote of members of their respective sub-districts.
, -' , '       Sec. 5.    ' •        |    ^    , ;"   ,
■ ~ - '"- The election shall be held the same day as the International Election, and shall be proclaimed a
General Holiday. Each Local Union shall have power to fix the hours of voting, and shall do their best to
get all the members in good standing to vote; and all ballots to be voted'shall be marked with the seal of
-the Local Unions. After the votes have been counted, the Scrutineers shall keep a correct record of same
and the Financial Secretary shall send copy to the District Secretary-Treasurer, and " also the Financial
Secretary of each Local shall forward all ballots not later than six days to the District Officer, and shall
obtain a receipt from the Express Agent or' Post Master,! and shall forward the same by registered'mail to
the Secretary-Treasurer;, and'any Local Union failing to send the ballots and receipts shall ,,be fined the
sum of $10 for ea"ch one hundred members-or,fraction thereof. ■   .        -
(a) , All   Local   Unions  shall notify their members of an election for District Officers; any member
or members failing to vote shall be fined one dollar $(1.00) Jby the Local' Union, unless a satisfactory reason or
excuse can be given. _ r ..... . ■ ,
\   -   w   '-    . ,    ft ' .- - ' ' ,,
'(c).'"'Any  Local   Union  voting  ''lump  sums' or'allowing votingby'proxy or otherwise violating any
of the above clauses,' shall have its entire vols thrown out.-    Ballots'shall be printed in English, Italian and
„  .Slav languages'. -   , -■ -    - '■..-' 'a    • "        "" ' ,!l   ■■
•    T '       ' •■■-.      ' -  '      W. B. POWELL, President,
"■      ~,' ' • A. J. CARTER, Secretary-Treasurer.  4-
Transvaal tell many a ilolightful story
of "the .simplicity of .these old Voor-
trekker's, whose hospitality unfortunately was often but ill repaid'.
• One of ,tho best, known of these
stories relates howr a well known min-
'ing magnate purchased a rich- gold-
bearing, farm. It was at'the time that
the Boers first began to realize that
some of the intruding' strangers into
their country were unaccountably will-
ln'g to nav. large .sums' for laud.   Prices
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
ft
f)V
For Sale
op Rent
Temperance
lMlfilt' Avomui, Pernio .
Kiivniflhort or unlnrnisliod
Rare Snaps
In City Property
Give us a Call
', Michel, B.C.," 29th,' Nov., 1011,
'"To'tlio Editor,'district Lodgor:
. 'Dear 1 Sir,-—In tlio IsBuo-of tlio Lodging of tlio '18th' Inst, thoro" appears, a
lettor signed "M.li," Now,' thoro aro
nulto a number of pooplo hero under
tlio impression -that I am tlio writer
of.Bnmo, and on that account.I wish
to deny having had anything to do
with It. ' ' ...
I would llko to stato^tlmt wlionovor
I hnvo occasion lo write ono that thoy
will find my.nnmo attached thereto.
'Furthormoro, I ennnot understand
why tlio writer, whoever ho may bo,
did not sign Ills name to samo if what
ho" hns' written Is wlmt ho practices
and bollovoo In;
It appears to nie thnt nn argument
or opinion Iobob Its weight whon tho
person m/ildnjr snmo lias not tho grit
to attach IiIh slnnnliiro to'It. Hoping
Mint this will find Its way into pour
c'olumnB,
I romnln,
Yours truly,
MAUniOR nUUUKLL
(Wd.—For tlio Ixmoflt of thoso under tlio Impression that tlio wrltor of
lho nliovo nnd "M.Tl." nro tlio snmo
Individual, would slnto Hint tliey nro
mlstnfcon, Neither Is tlio writer
VM. 11," lacUlnj; In grit because ho
did not sign his full nnmo, ho vofrnln-
od from ntlnrlilng It vvns diio to tlio
fnnt thnt a wrong conclusion, might
hnvo hof'ti Inforrort hnd lio nppnndnd
It. Prmloiiro Is not always Indtnntlvo
of lack of pounigo,. on llio contrary,
communities great cities appeared and
the nations began to" take-form. -
Egypt, Babylon, Greece, Rome and
other lesser," nations .arose, flourished
for' a time and finally decayed."
Lnbor, Iri those'countries, was performed under n system known "as slavery, which wns an aggravated, form
of''.'open shop." Tlio master determined nil tho conditions governing lnbor while tho slave worked ln absolute
obedience to his will. ■
-Moses, tho great lnw giver was the
first chnrnctor resembling.'a modern
business agent and ho established a
system which has many of tho "closod
shop" features In It.
, He wnltod on the king of Egypt,
stated the grlevnnces of his people and
requested that tliey bo allowed lo
loavo, but, llko a modorn employer of
labor, "Pharaoh not only refusod Ills
request.but Increased tho bunion on
them. As usual, discontent, disease
and donth visited tlio country, until
It was finally doo'ldod to lot ,lhem go.
This wns tho first Htrlko In history.
Llko nil -business agents, Mo3os'
troubles begnn with' his first victory,
but ho gnvo tho peoplo n eodo of laws
to govern nil their relations wlildi nro
nl 111 rooognlzod ns tho foundntlon of
nil laws hy tho modern nations.
In "opon shop" countries, tlio slavo
system orcntod clnssos, nmi the ruling!
dnss In juHtlco brought revolts among'
tlio slavo clnss, until tho prlnclplo that
"might Is right' predominated, wars
of conquest followed nnd tlio survival
of tlio flttUBt wan tlio I'OCOglllKOd hlW,
Tlio gront military captnlns contended
with enoh other In much tlio same
winnnor ns our "cnptalns of Industry"
rontond todny, until coiiIIIIoiih woro
fornidd, tlio weaker nations wore subjugated, tlio llomnn Timplrp was o«-
tnhllsliod nnd a military do»potUm
i;ulod tlio dostlny of innnklnd In tlio
snmo ninnnor thnt llio glnnt Industrial
doHpotlsm, tlio HU'ol Trust, rules Mm
Industrial world lodny.
Among tho "eloeod shop" pr-nplo of
the office of alderman, so that a working man may have a chance to gain a
seat at the'council board and have a
.voice in the legislation of the municipality where he is an industrial factor.       -    7
^'Standardization of-the municipal
laws-will also be asked a3 will tho
passage, of a "factory act, providing re
gulatlbnf and Inspection which dooB
not now Oxlst. .- " ' <•
Early Closing Bill
An early closing bill is' a further
reform sought, This ls a measure in
which tfte lnbor council will find support from tho humnne society, Iri all
probability, as lenders,of'''that orgnn-
Izntlon have openly favored legislation
to Improve the conditions of shop girls
who have often to stnnd on tholr feot
for fourteen'or moro hours a day during, the busy seasons},;
A proposition of Harry E. White-
broad to establish nndflnanco a wook-
ly, labor paper for Alberta and Saskatchewan, with hondquartora at Calgary, was laid on tho tnblo until tho
promotor ot tlio scheme would appear
ln person to osplnln" his proposition
moro, fully. Tho offer was thnt tho
labor mon should dominate tho policy
of tho pnpor nnd np'polnt tholr own
odltor.—-Calgnry Weekly Ilorald.
rose, not-because the'farmers had the
faintest"' Idea of the value of tho sums
they demanded, but simply .because
the "largo " amounts " sounded well ln
their ears. So,,when this magnate
wished to buy a particular   farm   he
hear that godless people- in Johannesburg had insulted -the Almighty ' by
firing bombs at tho sjty. in the lime of
drought-to -endeavor,., to bring - rain.
The Rand - "Railway, was" only built
through the subterfuge" of calling it a
"tram." "Pierce discussions arose on a
proposal to destroy lo'cusls, and some
members were so offended at the ties
affected by their more up-to-date col-'
leagues that they proposed that' the
by legislators , should be. defined-by.
law. ,'.'        ■        '    ,
,,1     Diamond Cut Diamond,
At    one    time,  in    Johannesburg
oranges,wero at famino,"prices, and an
Oriental trader went out-with a cart
in one day. and ordered a bag of.cof-.
fee/   Among-other things, while look- •
ing round tho store, he noticed'several
heavy "■ lead    pipes,-   and", when--ho
thought the  trader was not looking
he slipped them into the bag of coft '
ice.-     The. trader made no  remark. *
When the trading was oyer ,he simply
placed   the   bag   on   the  scales   and
weighed it, and charged the Boer for '
it at the full price of cotfec per pound/
size- and slitine nf the necktips A-nrji^Jind-ihjLcof£eeJn_thnsa_dayB-waajnany-,
times dearer than lead.
And these incidents, which -have
their parallel today, show that change.
Is. working but slowly in South'Africa.-
was mot with a demand for 100,000; to aJarm, on which thero wero many
, , ,, mu-      „_!'...«,'.1.1      i__^„     '      .r.    Jti,.   '    J    -    _i!ii,.1'     1	
pounds In gold. Tho owner ■ would
not hear of anything less. He did not
know' what' £100,000 meant,'' but
the sound of the globular sum pleased
him.' At. last tho' mining man consented. 'Tho transfer deeds -were
drawn up and were to be signed on 'a
given .rjlght. • -  .   .   7
When'tlio evening came thb magnate drove up to tho fn,rm with a bag
of gold.'-. All was ready, but tho Boer
insisted that tho monoy must bo
counted. Ho set'out. 1,000 sovereigns
In linos on tlio side of the table,
"There Is >.C 1,000," ho said.
Then at right angles ho laid out 100
gold coins.
THE  OLD  TIMR   BOER
(Prom llio Penny- Illustrated Paper)
A fow wpoks ngo Caplaln Spoltorlnl,
tlio famous aoronnut, mado tlio first
balloon ascent ever witnessed in tlio
Trnnflvnnl, rising to a height of 7,000
f<?ot nbovo Johannesburg. As lio
wns doscondlng nenr tlio Proo State
border two Boor fnnnors noticed lho
atrango nppnrlllon In tho sky, Tliey
woro much perturbed, Thoy solzod
tliolr MaiiBors nnd deliberated whether
It would not ho ndvlsablo to shoot lho
mystorloiin ncrlnl lutriidor, which seom
od thorn lo bu hoiiio unknown tnotiHtor
of tlio nlr.    llnpplly thoy linsltuiod
cr'fnrao firtrw"*^ »'"'■''»<s themtncss
SiOPSOmVw.1'-- '  .v;a, 85CKNXS
"Thero Is £100,' ho explained; "so
you,havo tho .C 100,000." ,    ..
And tho Boer signed tlio deeds nnd
Iroklced awny Into tho "Unknown wllh
the gold, hnppy in tho thought that
ho; hnd sold hlfl farm for a record
prlco.
Another Boor farmer denounced a
proposal to oront plllnr Iioxoh In Pro-
lorln as oxliavagnnt and offonilnalo,
, Ho could not soo, ho said, why pooplo always wanted lo bo writing lot-
tors, IIo wroto nono lilmsolf. In tho
days of his yo'.ilh ho hnd written a
letter, nnd lind not boon' nfnild to
travel fifty miles mid moro on liorW
back nnd by wngon lo post It, nnd now
pooplo complained if thoy had lo go a
mllo.
Thoso old farmers wero horrified  o
trees, i He offered 5 shillings a, bun
dred,,for ,tho fruit,' and In' order' to
keep count',' arranged "that for every
100 oranges placed on tho cart ho
should put a "tlckey"(n three-penny
piece in tho, farmer's hat. When the
hat,, was, nearly' half full of
"tlckeys*' tho trader purposely looked
away for a fow moments. The Boor
did Jnst. "what tho trader expected. Ho
hurriedly plunged a hand Into tho hat
and thrust a handful bf 'tlckeys" Into
his pockot. And when tlio trader paid
for tho orangOB according to the numbor of "tlckeys" In tho hat, tho Boor
did hot ronllzo that ho had robbod
himself of 4s. Od. for every ,;'tlckoy"
ho put Into his pocket.
But the Boor' wns novor a match
for tho East End dealer. A fnrmor
who had had somo transnctloiiH with
a, trader took tlio precaution of arming himself with a ready reckoner.
Tlio Irndor worked, out tho account by
n form of mental arithmetic peculiarly
his own.
"But," objected tho Boor, puzzled at
tlio result, "that Is wrong! I havo
dono tlio fiiim with' a ready reckoner,
and It IS) different!"
- Tlio trader patmod a moment. "Lot
mo soo it," he snld, taking the book
"All!" he oxelnlmod, 'I thought ho.
This reiuly reckoner Ir Inst yoar'a—It
Is out of dnto!"
And tho Boor neenptod tho oplnnn-
Hon without ii suspicion of doubt,
Somo of tho old Dutch fnrmorH tisod
to ho glvon to potty pilfering In stores
when making piircliaxon, hut, tho traders snld nothing, Thoy Just kopt n
sharp oyo on tlm things tnkon nud put
I horn down In the bill, A storekeeper
told mo onco thnt nn old Boor ennm
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
W *V»1 I.V >i*r
mnn,ff>"'*ntlnn r,f thfli ounWv.>
O CANMORE NOTES
lotiK enough to h-po thnt thoro worn
Mobos, tlio laws woro administered bv j human .beings in tlio curious gloho.
recognized imtliorltlos according to I But tho Incident should servo to ro-
tlio codo which ho gnvo thorn undor | mind thoso who uxpoct oxcoedlngly
which lho nnllon grew and prospered, !™i>ld ., development In rural South
civil wars woro nlmoHt unknown, tlm!Africa that many of tho quaint. Idcns
great prophotB floiiilahod, and somo lot .the Blniplo VoortvckltorB ntlll cllnu
of our most valued rocordH have como | lo tho voldt. Tlio old typo of Boor
down to us from that period. | farmer Ib illtnpih-iirlng lioforo tho nd-
Tho "noon shon" of nnrlont flmcq'vnlirn oil education.   Hut ho Ih poIiiit
stood for Blnvory, discontent, r.lnsn hnt. i slowly.   If you rend tho Butch pnport i(|
rod nnd rovoliitlon, whllo tho "oIoh<».I i>'o» w" »»" I,l>11 ^^ ""riutsi, and,
Hhop",of Moses Mood for tho woltrvo ,^'i.v ludlnuiuit    «o;n.a|ioiwKiii»   piu-(
of tho peoplo, inuntnl and monil ov ,tcMIng that, tU- il.s'nutlcn of loun.li,,
oellenco nnd tlm pormnnnnco of nnllon.; Is * l>liu,pliniioun ultoiiipt to oppom
nl liiHlliutlonB.     The "open shop" of th« will of ll.o AlinUihty.   who
,iio-d/iy Nlnnds for tho wlfnro of tlio "'"i "''-' i"cuuto a- " iniulshmojn t.-.r
Wholesale anil Retail  -
Tobacconist
') t
,    Barber Shop ,,
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazelwnod Buttermilk
Victoria Avonuo
FERNIE. B.C.       Phono 31.
s|
-ll
1 rl
UHO | 3
(Sty Lots, $400 and $450
♦ ♦*♦*♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦ Mnployor*  to tho detriment of tne iho .mfnlnow of iho h"opU«.   Von will j
Tho, locnl mines ntnrlod n wodk npo
jworliorB, whllo tho "elowwl shoii" of '"lff fln'' fnnnor*-dwlnvlng thai ilioi
,,     . „ . todny stands for tho ndvnnccmcnt nf n««"ml dlMnsf-n of stock choiild not
lnHtMondnynndnronow.worklngfi.il  l)l0 Ain(.rlcnn Po,!orn„on ofI/nl)0r> „„,, ho Interfered with,   rind   suggesting ,
M. A. KASTNER   ■
Insurance     Real Estate
swing,
Cnnmoro Is spooling to «row ns
tho present company intend to double
th#> output" of conl frnrn tho»o,*nlnc8.
fipnio of tho mrrchnnis nro itifilm-d
to nn optimistic v!ow «lhco tho settle-
mont of tho strlko, nut thero «ro otli
tho welfare Of all pooplo who toll.
Cli.ii-l.M..! CUUt.-i.
S75000   OAMAOES   AGAINST   C.P.P
that nil tho   government .veterinary J
it-.-i:''' rM'iM ?io turned out of Mi"
I country, . '<
The Llgfitnlns Comfucter
Tho trader ond niosptccfors in (lie
In lho <,-fl*e ef '"ontor vormi* «
i-
crn who do not notico any lilfferciico. J dlrn Pacific naliwny nn netlon for
i- Tho Compnny hnd Urn "fish hooks" dnmspM for killing thro* l'«rf* of th*
tacked on tho Tost Offlco, tlielr own plaintiff, n. A. Voitor, inii«»m#iii i-i«
store, nnd nt both mfnos during fho Just K'cn given l»y Ills Honor Judg"
strike, hut thoy only cnttght two suck- Wilson for 17,10.00 nnd cnnln. Tawo
oi-ii—G. Olavnnc-itlo and Mike Vluforo. and I'Uhcr for tho plaintiff.
Dr. dc Van's Female PU!»
Affl ih'* t-'irnth vril*('<riim«ff (»l!t. lk<4
V.i!i si'it t*u<-!,i.t.i'f rn'*'*'l-il In HsuUtln,? Ilitt. j
...,.»-,»!, f- |..rf l   n r.#U ->("»1 |li» «1«»..-|      F'-f  .,, ' l
■dl r, ,.ti imi'Vim* t*r. On Vnn'a nri> <■■! ( -f
• ",-, i ..rM'-f-l-rfii. "iff (• Hif-yrMl .-■ >
,>m .(/-'»|l Un- - toil f I  < M JirtrliH ».\t)ul
trt,r   &ale   at   Dlf4«<le)l*  Orufl   Store
ayment& " Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union'Land Go., Natal, B.C.
■Mi ;e7y^:;*y7. ,. y ^y.y y;V;- 7'V-■-.;.; y;y*y ":'-•; ;'7y;y^ '' ryy-,./;~'y; / -. V5;:v;l'^
•■.■■'■,'• " '. y " ---. v-'   -   7 .-:--V ■  //-• " 'yV'-' -'^v.v '■'«■'■ -;' '; * ■'" -'<-7y-'-     y.^hy\y,    : ; -.y,;. *7 *"'- • ^'y ^^y^^ ' ■'■':::-
..---):     -    'I r
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,; FERNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 2,1911,
"j>
Copy oj the New Agfreepiefit
(Continued from page 2)
in rooms and inclines shall be laid by
miners after one length of rail from
frog and switch is laid by Company. In
rooms a rate of 15 cents per lineal
yard • for single tracks, and a rate of
thirty cents per lineal yard for,Rouble
1 tracks will be paid for all track laid by
"miners. ' ,
Timbering:
> "'$1.00 per set with lagging and centre
post, when required by the Company;
$2.00 per set for heavy .timbers used
in partings.--■ Room'timbers shall not'
be over eight "inches In diameter?
Levels, inclines and slope .timbers
shall not be over twelve inches In diameter. Anything above' that size
shall be considered "heavy timbers"
and- paid for at the rate of ?1.50 per
set. -       ' ->
Chutes:
"The Company will build the first
section of chutes, miners shall build
thereafter, and .shall be paid at the
rate of thirty cents' (30c.) per lineal
yard for all. chutes built. The Company shall deliver all material to foot
, of chute.
Brushing:.
Five-sixths cents per foot in width
per inch in depth per lineal yard.
McGiiitys:
For each time the McGinty is moved
and properly set the Company will pay
$3.00; $1.50 for each time the jig or
smaller McGinty, is moved and properly set; and $5.00 each time the Bull-
,'wheel is moved and properly set. The
maximum distance - that any of these
shall be moved at these figures Is 12
feet. The Company reserves to itself
the right' to move the Bull-wheel with
labor other than that of the contract
miner. - -
Filling "Water:, '  7    .
The Company will   pay   thirty-five
(35) cents per tank for filling water.
- \ -
THE    HOSMER    MINES    LIMITED
CONTRACT PRICES
No. 2 Seam
ft. from .chute where coal is dumped,
an extra 5 cents'per cubic .yard of
coal'*will, be'paid-for each -100 ft-in
excess of 200 ft" ''■'. -
Rooms Across the Pitch:    ■. -,     : ^;
Caps'9.fCover all,-posts 9 ft. high,
with 12 ft. spread over all" at bottom.
Coal breaking and tramming, $8.25 per
lineal yard.-'' Yardage $1.50 per-lineal
yard., '       , ;-   ' '..  '
Timbers,-$2.00 per set.     Forepoles 20
cents each.    "*
Rooms Wall to Wall:
Caps 12 ft. over all, posts 9 ft. high,
15 ft. spread over all at the bottom.
Coal breaking and tramming $10.60 per
lineal yard. Timbers*$2.00 per set;
forepoles 20 cents each, tracks 15
cents, per lineal yard of tracks laid.
Raises Between Rooms and Levels:.
5 ft. by 5 ft. in coal, $3.25 per lineal
yard, and 5 cents per foot-for posts,
or $1.00 per set for timbers necessary,
timbers not to exceed 8 in. in diameter.
All timbers tb be framed by the company, excepting" in 13 ft. rooms across
tho pitch, which are to be framed by
the miner. -All timbers delivered at
the face o'f main ontry and B. Tunnel
for raises to be delivered by the company at the nearest cross-cut, and for
rooms, at the mouth of each room. •
Tracks in B Tunnel to be laid by
tlie miner free of cost: ' Tracks in
rooms across the pitch to be .laid by
the miner for which the company will
pay', 15 cents per yard. Track In
main entry to be laid by the Company,
excepting shorU lengths next to the
face, which, wilL be laid by the miner
free of charge.
In abnormal conditions arising, sucli
as rock work, or runs of coal, to be
paid for by day's pay or special contract, until normal conditions prevail.
Posts:"
' When the Company   needs   extra
posts-, (not specified)  set, they shall
pay the miner five cents per foot or
Company work..
Bridge Sticks:
When the Company requires the
miner to set bridge sticks they shall
be paid Company work for same.
first workman in ttie^shift returnsto
the surface.   -     „«"'-''       7,  ■ <  '   ',
THE ROYAL COLLIERIES LIMITED
Dockage:    '■' '. -    '-
A'loader will'be fined 25 cents for'
each offence for sendiug out dirty
coal, and'- after; the third offence ho
may be discharged.' When fined, his,
number will "be placed oh the,dock
board on the bankhead. The plac-.
ing of his number on the dockboard
will be considered due warning. , :
Abnormal Conditions:
An abnormal condition,shall be considered as a condition where' the seam
is faulty, or thins out to a point less
than forty-eight inches in thickness.
Inside Day Wages:
To be computed1 from the time at
which- the first workman in the shift
leaves the surface to the time the
first workman In. tho shift returns to
the surface.
$2:50- per tori-
3.00 pe'r ton
'720;per, lb.
.30 per .lb.
" .01   each.
'.'01   per ft.'
CANADIAN   COAL  CONSOLIDATED
y    " '7 7: limited   yyjy^yyy
Mine rud'coal,1 deliver- * '".'77 y 7v-7
_ed. to'employees ...
Screened 'coal (where
possible)   -■ delivered
to employees .-......
40 percent Dynamite .
Monobel \.'.... -.
Caps -*,,...;.,', ,
Fuse .."....-.:...
Electric '.Detonators, 6. ft     06 • each ,
Wash-house  ...'.;' , 1.00 pernio.
Company men", and'-contract miners
to furnish-, their, own tools, which■<the
company agrees to take back when
they-leave the service at their then'
value. .,',. ,        -„',*'
• House rents to remain as in agreement expiring, March 31st,  1911,  so
long as conditions in connection with
houses remain the same.
Dockage:
Miners are to deliver their coal as
free from • rock,' or other impurities,
as it is practicable, and in'case of a
miner.failing.to, do so, he shall be
warned for tho first offence, for'tlio
second offence or aggravated cases, he
may be discharged.    ,  ,,
Water per month for each -h buse'"• 1.061 status,. they - are taking." time1, by • tlie
H]7« 4- n«*   nnn   wt nn +T*    fiMa   a>« nit    Ti ».. « -. -*       AA'       £- — 1 _. -.!_    -  _*_        J '       ^ _ ^     >     J1        _ ^ "*        «_■•
'1,00
Gangway: 0
' 8 ft. collar between notches, 11 ft
clear spread, 8 ft and 9 ft. legs, timber
not to exceed" 14 in., lagged t6p and
sides, timbers 5 ft. from centre'to centre.     Mining and loading coal, rock
to be loaded separately, including temporary   track  and   ditch,   $11.10 ' per
lineal yard.
Counter Gangway: *
-v 7 ft. collar between notches; 11 ft.
clear_8DreadJ_7_ft._and_8^t.-Jegs,-tIm--
bor not to exceed 12 In. lagged top and
sides, timbers 5 ft from centre to centre.     Mining, handling, loading and
dumping  coal„ into  chuteB,  including
, track-laying, rock'to he separated and
stowed, $9.55 per lineal yard.
Chutes:
10 ft. collars between notches, 10 ft.
sill between notches, three 7 ft. posts,
lagged top and sides, timbers 5 ft. centre to centre, Mining coal and putting Into chute, , building of chuto
of chute, stairway and nir-tlght brat-
stalrway and air-.tight brattice
Tho Company to furnish cutting ma-
chjno for the purpose of shearing tho
coal to bo operated by miner, $9,70 per
llnenl yard.
Breasts:
12 ft. collar nnd sill, throo 0 ft. posts
logged top and sides, timbers 5 ft.
from contro to contro. Mining, handling, loading und dumping coal into
chutes, including track-laying nnd brattice. Rock to bo Bopnrated nnd stowed, $11.00 per llnoal yard.
Where tho coal lo abnormally hnrd,
tlio Company to furnish, whon prnctlc-
nblo, a cutting mnchlno for tho purpose'
of shearing tlio con", to bo oporatod by
tho minor.
B Level:
Where powdor is used, tho mon "c
furnish tlielr own powdor,
Tho nbovo prices nro based on tho
•warn Iwlng 12 ft, thick, If moro or lens
limn 12 ft,, to bn pnld for proportionately.
THE CHINOOK COAL COMPANY
Dockage:
A loader will be fined 25 cents lor
each offence for sending'out dirty.coal,
and after the third offence, ho, may
be discharged.    When fined, his number will be placed on the dockboard on
the bankhead.     Tho placing of his
number, on tho dockboard will be considered as due warning.' ■
Abnormal   Conditions:
,  An abnormal condition shall he considered as a condition where the seam!
is faulty, or thins out to a point less
than forty-eight inches in' thickness.
Inside Wages:
'■ To be computed from the time at
which the first workman In the shift
leaves" the surface to the time -the
first workman in the shift returns to
the surface. '' ,
Local Conditions
THE   CANMORE   COAL  COMPANY,
LIMITED
Mine run coal    $2.50 per ton
Screened Coal         3.00sper ton
Dynaroite   ";,'.■..   ■- .20 per  lb.-
Monobel Powder     " .30 per lb.
Fuse, Caps, and other supplies atpre-
Water:    .
Outside taps, per house (where using), $1.00 per month.
Water(>per month, for each house y .00
Water per month .for each, shack.-'- .50
Water per,month for,bath for
--.'each house, extra
Electric-light per month per'16 '
,   c.p.  light   ..,..7,..Vi.:  "   .50
Wash-house, per month". -. . 1.00
Tool sharpening, per.month ....     .50
Rents:- <-.'. ■'   ;    . ;_ .";,
s-House rents.to remain as.hi agreement" expiring March-31st 1911, so^
long as conditions in,connection^with
houses remain ithe^ same. '" "•' :',-
Dockage: ' ; - •'  -7  : '*"'   .- '"
-It is-agreed that a.dockage, clause
for the mines of the Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company Limited "shall he arrang
ed by the Commissioner bf ".'the Western, Coal Operators' 'Association arid
the.President of District 18,-United
Mine Workers of America, in the manner provided for In section "C" of the
clause, in the\ Agreement covering
Settlement of Disputes' within sixty
days after resumption ,of work, and
in the . meantime i the clause in the
agreement exolrlng on March 31st",
1911, shall'bo effective. -
CANADA
WEST   COAL
LIMITED,
COMPANY
The Company will furnish screened
coal to their .'workmen at $2.50 per
ton, within a radius of one mile from
the mine.,. Beyond this radius haulage-to be charged.
. Any loader - sending up dirty coal
shall be warned by having his name
placed on' the checkboard at the
mouth of the slope. Three offences
in any two months shall be considered
sufficient cause for dismissal.
If-a-man Is charged with careless
shooting,of coal he.shall be warned
for the first two offences, and on the
third offence the pit .boss shall take
up tho caso with the.mine committee,'
and-if-the-case-is-proven-he-may^be'
discharged. '*
HILLCREST COLLIERIES,  LTD.
The Company,will deliver coal to
miners, living within the limits of the
townsite or Hillcrest Mines, at $2,50
per ton for run.of mine,coal, and
screened coal; when possible, at $3 00
per ton. ■ -,-'-,„,
The Company will sell ,to its "employees Monobel Powder' at 30c. per
pound.      ,. ,   ■
Fuse, Caps and other supplies' as at
present rates.-
-;   Wash-house,   per   man,   $1.00   per
month.      ',    y 7'
Dockage. „   ,,
Same dockage clause as in existence
March 31st, 1911. ,
Water:,
"Outside taps for houses (where using)- $1.00 per month.  ,  •
Rents: ■  •- - ,,,*'-, "
House rents to remain as in agreement expiring" March 31st, 1911, so
long as conditions,in connection with
houses remain the same.
MAPLE LEAF COAL COMPANY
LIMITED
Wash-house  ...:'.'...'.
Monobel - ' '
40 per cent Dynamite
Caps  .. .	
Fuse    "\	
$1.00 per, mo.
.30 per lb.
.20 per lb.
,01 "each
.      .01 per, ft.
THE   BANKHEAD  MINES   LIMITED
Penalty for Loading Impurities:
The miners are to deliver their coal
as'froo from rock or other Impurities
as it is practicable, and In caso of a
miner failing to do so, he .shall be
warned, for. the first offence; for tho' is sending out dirty coal.    Dockage to
THE   INTERNATIONAL COAL AND
COKE  COMPANY-LIMITED
Dockage: >   '   "'     °
Old cars to have 25 lbs. .added to
tare. 7 ■
"Vow cars to haye 35 lbs added to
tare. ■   .     ■   j ■    .. #
1st. The minor to be warned that he
second offence, or aggravated cases,
ho may be discharged.
SupD"'ni, etc.:
The Company will deliver coal io
The Company'Will deliver'coal'to
tholr omployoes at Bankhead nt the
following prices:
Nut  conl     $3.00 por ton
Stove or Egg Coal ....   4.00 por ton
Briquettes ','    4.00 per ton
Electric lights, per 16
c. p, light, por-month     .50
Dynamite, 30 per cont ..     .20 por lb.
Monoboj Powder 30 per lb.
Caps nnd Fuses to remain as nt pro-
Beni'
Wiish-houso ..', 1,00 por' mo.
Library  , 25 por mo.
Tools:
Compnny men ti furnish tholr own
tools, which tho Compnny agrees   to
tako bnck whon thoy loavo,
Rents: >
Houso rents to romnln an In agreement expiring March 31st, 1911, so
long ns conditions in connection with
houses romnln the.samo.
bo as follows:    i
Over,40,lbs and up to 60 lbs, 200 lbs
of coal."
.Over 60 lbs and up to 75 lbs., '400 lbs
of coal.,, -     -
Ovor 75>lba and up to 112 lbs., 800
lbs of coal.
Ovor 112 IbB., and up to 140 lbs.,
1600 lbs. of.coal.
Ovor 1.40 lbs, tho wholo car or 3400
lbs, coal.
Ovor 200,lbs., tho wholo car (large).
Upon the ninth offonco tho miner Is
Bubject to'two-dayB lay off.
Upon tho tenth offonco, .dlsciiargo. ■
Ench dny upon which n minor ,1s
docked counts ns nn offence Tlio ton
offences to bo within one month.    '
Avorngo enr to bo tho nvorngo of
tho cars on the trip boforo tho car In
quostlon for that chock number.
Tho Company will deliver work-
mon'fl hoimo conl nt $2.50 por ton,
Othor condlMons to romnln ns under
lho agreement expiring March .list,
1911,
THE LEITCH COLLIERIES LIMITED
Mine run coal,to employees, delivered '..,$2.50 per ton
Monobel Powder .-'. 30 per. lb.
40" per cent'Dynamite.. .20 per lb.
Fuse—~.;.74.;.,;y\T. 701 per ft
Caps   -..'..,;....' 01   each •
HOSMER   MINES   LIMITED
Penalties for Loading Impurities:
The miners are to" deliver their .coal
as free from rock or, other impurities
as it is practicable, and- in case of a
miner, failing-to do so, he shall'be
warned for the first offence; for the
second offence,- or aggravated' cases,
he may bo discharged.
Supplies, etc.:
Mine-run coal to employees, delivered
$2.50 per ton.   ,      - "    ' ,
Screened co'al," delivered to employees,
$3.00 per ton. "     ,  y
Electric Detonators, ,6 ft. at, 6 c. each,
8 ft. atv8c. each. ," •   .
Water, outside tap, $1.00 per month.
Water; Inside tap, ,$1.50 per month.
Electrlc;lights (East of the C. P. Rly."
track)   per1 16. c.p.- light  60c'per
month.     ■   ,'   1 ' -■ ■   ,       * 7.
Sanitation for-'each house, $1.00, per
month. ,    ■ , *    '.
Wash-house, $1.00 per month.
Keys for- above, 50c. each.' ' ■•
Monobel Powder, 30c. per lb.   -
' Dynamite, 20c. per.lb.
Tools:
Company njen to furnish their own
tools,'- which the company will take
back when they leave.;
-   Tool sharpening, per month, 50c.
Rent's:   .,    - '
House rents to remain as in agreement-- expiring, March ' 31st,. 1911M so
long as conditions in connection with
houses remain the same.   "       ; ,»
forelock^ so to - speak,, formulating1- a
new - ethic- for the exploited,; which
they- perceive will' be ^needed: under
the new' condition's; of- 'exploitation.
" .Under, their "government ownership-"-
of the railroads,and.other", great.,industries the same, rule's they insist "an
applying to the workers in such industries,4'the same rulps.they insist upon
now' for" the  street 'cleaners.'. .' .The
employes .will^be given clearly "to un"
derstand that they,have forfeited the
right to strike,.as the."government
ownership" in question has transform.-'-
ed them into "public" "servants.'   -•
" The suggestion of Judge Knapp, that
theif^pay be-increased'somewhat is
evidently intended as a measure'to 'reconcile them to the new conditions . *
.'However, no matter"'■ under   what,
form' capitalism may "be "disguised, it
will still spell slavery for the workers; arid there is little cause to fear
that the latter will accept the dictum
of the combined capitalists, disguised
as the "government," that they, shall
have nothing whatever-to say regarding tho,,conditions under which,they
labor.     Tlie class straggle Inherent
in capitalist society, noj matter what
form it may take, is too stern a fact
to be set aside by sophistry of the
kind tthat declares the workers have
forfeited their right to strike." V
As for us-.Sociallsts, It Is' probably
little use ln protesting that "we don't
want State" Socialism." This is the
capitalists' move, not ours' and we,
have practically no power "to prevent
it, even, if it were against our ultimate interests,'which it is not. ■? .-
The new regime is "a "step ,to' Socialism," riot one that'we have.taken,
but one which our exploiters will be
forced to take," It,will be our.move
after the capitalists1 have made theirs
and.it is not now difficult to see that
this State capitalism, as Engels*' says,-
briiyjs conditions to a head where the
ultimate, social revolution becomes not
only possible but the next iinmediate'
step in the process of, industrial evolution.—N., Y.' Call. -'
.7 JOHN  BARBER,1' D.D.S., L D S.);:' v,
V 7 .. ,,,„7, ,L. DENTIST7 -, .y"7',: .
-,- , "      -    - _. I- -,\' ,•,'-'   _    t-   .   '-»■     !£. ■ .,>■.-,'
Office": Henderson Block,; Fernie, B.C.7
7     ■ Hours: 8.30 to.-i"»'2"to 5,
, ,* 7,1.7",;"""-y v ■      ''   ;y
Residence:,.21, .Victoria Avenue. :i";
W. R. Ross K. C.
W. S. Lane
;       ■ M." A. Macdonaid"
-* y'7"- [;'•$-"'-'<■ 7-'\ '  \ ■")/■ '"7
' ROSS,  MACDONALD arid  LANE
Fernie, B. C.
"SV
Canada.
,     ,. L. P. ECKSTEIN     - i    .' ;-
* .-""■   Barri8tcr-at-Law, Solicitor,   •
ECKSTEIN BUILDINGS, Femiei B.C;
F. C..Lawe ' ., -    •   . Alex.,I. Fisher'
LAWE1 FISHER
ATTORNEYS
1 •? -"   ';   \'
1 Fernie, B. C.
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister; Solicitor! Notary Public, etc.
THE
DAVENPORT COAL COMPANY LTD.
Mine run coal to-employees, delivered .. $2.50 per ton
Monobel Powder 30 per lb.
40 per cent Dynamite';.     .20 per lb.
FuBe      .01 per ft,
Caps  - .01   each
Wash-house.    1,00 per mo.
CORBIN COAL J. COKE COMPANY.
CONTRACT PRICE8
Main Entries:
Collar 14 ft. botweon notches, pouts
I) ft. IiIkIi, 17 ft. clear spread nt bottom, tlinbors not to oxcood 20 In, In
diameter, or nrjunro Initt. For nny nd-
dltlonnl hIzo add 50 contH por not for
ench Inch lu excosg of 20 In.
PltlCIfl:   Tonnngo por ynrd, $13.20;
llmbcrH 7 ft. centres, $7,00 per sot,
ynrdngou por   yard   $1.75;    foropolo
whero nccoB«nry 2.1 route each,
a Tunnel:
CollnrH 10 ft, bot.wf>oii notches, potds
8 ft. high, 12% ft, clear sprond nt bottom, timbers not to uxeced 15 In, In
diameter at butt, plncod 4 ft. contros,
Tonnngo, por ynrd $7,05; ynrdngo,
$1.75, Umbo™ $.1.00 per sot; forepoles
whoro necessary 20 cents each, nnd 5
rents n*»r cubl*' vnrrl for r>nnh n»MtMn«
nl 100 ft. nftor 200 ft. from n«nr««t
chuto whore conl is dumped.
Main Raise*: ,,
. Main ralMia to bo paid for at day
' pay of $3.30 por day and n bonim of
$7.00 per yard for Mch Ynrd In ore***
of an nvor/igo ono yard por shift for
two mon; timbering, chute* and lad-
dors to bo plficod on horotoforo, suitable ptil toy and ropo to bo provided for
each raise for hoisting timber,
Roonn Acreia tho Pitch:
Capa 1» ft. between notchos, potts
10 ft high with IS ft. clear «pM»d at
bottom, tiililitlouikl pOBti in contro
whoro required.
$11.00 por yard, timber* $1.00 per
not, fncfudlngr noooatary forcpollng.
Ttmbor* not to oxeood 12 In, In dla-
rattler at butt.
Xt rooraa arc, drtvuu moro lU*n 200
AND
THE ALBERTA RAILWAY
IRRIGATION  CO.
Dockage:
A louder will bo flnod 25 conts for
each offonco for Bonding out dirty
conl, nnd nftor tho third offonco ho
mny Ihi dlNcluirgod. When flnod his
number will bo plncod on tho dock-
hoard on the hanklicad, Tho placing
of IiIh number nn llio dock hoard will
ho considered us duo warning,
Abnormal Conditions:
An nbnormnl condition shrill bo considered iih a condition whoro tlio seam
Is faulty, or thins out to ,1 point less
thnn forty-eight Inches In thickness.
Inside Day Wage*:
To bn computed from tho tlmo nt
which tho first workman In tho shift
loaves tho surface to tlio tlmo tlio
first workman In tlio shift returns to
the
CROW'8 NEST PASS COAL
COMPANY  LTD.
• Coal to employees (run of
mine) • delivered, > Coal Creek
and Michel Collieries, per ton $2.50
Coal- to employees (screened)
delivered Coal Crook and Michel  Collieries,-por ton      3.00
Coal to ' employees (run of
mine) delivered Fernio    2.76
Coal to employees (screened)
delivered Fornle'    3.25
Sanitation, por month for each  '
houso ,7 1.00
CORBIN    COAL   AND   COKE
.    --      COMPANY LIMITED
—.Houss-rent-to-remain-as-at-presentr
Electric  lights,  16 ■ c.p."" lights, per
month, 50c.
, Coal, "per ton,- delivered, $2.50. 0
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties
> hereto have hereunto Bet the hands
of their proper officers this Seventeenth day of November, 1911.    7'
THE "UNITED MINE WORKERS OF
..AMERICA, DISTRICT No. 18.:;    *
W. B. POWELL,
.   ; President.
, •  C. STUBBS,
-7 ,    Vice-President.
a. j. carter;
Secretary-Treasurer.
THE WESTERN COAL OPERATORS*
, ASSOCIATION-
LEWIS   STOCKETT,
■   President,
P. L. NAISMITH,
Vlco-Prosldont;
„   O. E. S. WHITESIDE,
'    '   Acting Secretary.
Witnesses as to all signatures:—
R. W. COULTHARD,
, R. M. YOUNG.
Preparingfor
State Socialism
Beware, of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Miiiard's
Liniment
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
%-cc.
THE
DIAMOND   COAL   COMPANY
LIMITED
Dockage:
A loader will be flnod 25 conts for
unrh offonpf fi?1* »""i?,nj jvt .-J.'.-t}'
coal, and after tbo third offonco ho
may be discharged, When flnod hln
numbor will lie placed on tho dock
board on tho bankhead. Tho placing of his number on tho dock board
will bo considered duo warning.
Abnormal Conditions:
An abnormal condition shall be non-
aldorod aa a rendition where tho sosm
Is faulty, or thins ont to a point loss
than forty-eight Inches is thicksets,
Intids Day Wagss:
To be computed from-the time at
which tho first workman In tho shift
loavos tbo surface, to th« time tho
THE McGILLIVRAY,CREEK COAL &
COKE CO., LTD.
..Dockage:
Thoro ah 11II ho CO lbs mldod to tlio
tnro of onch car.
Wist dirty conl, warning only,
Rock ovor 80 lbs, nnd up to 120 lbs,,
deduct 100 lbs. of conl.
Rock over 120 Ids., nnd up to 150 lbs.,
deduct 1100 lbs, of coal,
Itock over 150 lbs, nnd up to 2*2-1 IIib.,
doduct 11100 Ibu. of coal.
Rock ovor 224 lbs. nnd up to 280 lbs,,
doduct .1,200 lbs of conl.
Rock ovor 305 lbs., deduct whole car
of coal.
Ninth offence, two days lay off.
'■ offence, discharge,
Euch day on which n miner Is dock*
od counted ne an offonco.
11 Ton offences   to   bo   within ono
month.
WE8T CANADIAN COLLIRMBB
LIMITED
Blairmore, Llllo and Bellevue Mines.
,»>.t.
„.„• ..11. ,    . .       ,-,
mon ^  $2.60 per ton
Screened coal'delivered to workmen
3.00 por ton
id per cent Dynamite ..    .20 por lb.
Monobol  30 por lb.
Fuse, Caps and othor supplies at pro-
sent rates.
Deekaos:
Minors are to deliver their coal aa
troo from rock or othor ImpurUloa aa
it la practicable-, and In case of a
mlnar falling to do to, he shall te
warned for the first offence; meonA
offence or aggravated ease*, be may
be discharged.
Following tho load of Gary, Perkins
and othor financial magnates, tho presiding Judgo of tho United, States
Court of Commerce, Martin A, Knapp,
publicly declares thnt, oompotlllnii In
tho transportation Industry must bn
abolished, a uniform freight rnto adopt
oil nnd tho wngos of tlio workers In-
cronBOd. If thin ennnot lm dono by
•'regulation,' thon government ownor-
Rlilp Is unavoidable.       „ ,
Tills declaration was mndo nt tho
Houston Club of llio Unlvormlty of
Pennsylvania, before what lho pross
report culls a "distinguished niidlinico
of rnllrond officials," nIt ndds that
the judge's nmitirks woro enthusiastically applauded by thorn.
The Incident Is but one of nn ovor-
Increasing number demonstrating tho
growth of tho lie]lot in ilia cnpltnllut
mind that tlio ngo of competition la
about, ovmi', nnd that it is necessary to
prepare for tho next stage of exploitation mi tno form of government owner-
aJJc tiUiu C'diiiialtsm, or "titato bo-
ciallum," all practically synonymous
terms In this caso, The drift In this
direction Ib now too markod to bo tn
tho least questionable.
}s\> *Wji u wm moot with considerable opposition, Just as tbo formation
of the trusts a decade ago was delayed by tho "Individuality; of the capl-
tallsto who aftorwards, desplto tholr
reluctance, were forced to form theta
orgnnlMtlons. Th<? next logical step,
government ownership, will farther
roduci. thin "Individuality" and will no
doubt bo fiercely opposed on this
ground, with tho additional objection
to tho "Socialistic" character of the
proposition which will than be aeen
with math j&wt tUanmi than In lie
eaae 0? th* form.iffon of tho" $ruoto.
During tbe great formative period
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
of trustification' ton years ago, tlio
Socialists consistently nnd continually
drew attonlion to tlio fact thut thoso
combinations carrlod Industrial society
nearer to Soclallfim, but wo woro novor
ablo to convlnco the capitalism, grout
or Hmall thnt thl» wan tho fact. Tho
grcnt capIinllBt hhw In it nothing but
tho diminution of IiIh "Individual Initiative" nnd tlio potty exploiter was ao
blinded by rngo nnd alarm that lie ro-
innlnnd doaf to nil roiiBon nnd limited
lilinsolf to genornl donunclntlon of,tho
now combinations ns dCBtroyors of
competition.
Tlio noxt stngo, howovor, that of
govomment ownership, will enlighten
all capitalist*, both great and small,
to tlio "Socialistic" Import of tho now
move. And In nil probability, tlio opposition to It will tnko tho form ot nn
alarm agalnnt tho coming of Socialism,
which will al onco glvo that question
nil tlio Wlhllnltv nwriod in mntr/. tt tV*
."issue of tho day" ovon with tho mpl-
talists, who hnvo heretofore boon able
with tolerable success to koep It out
of sighL
And it Is woll worth noting how preparations aro being made hftfnrehand
to formulate an othlc for the workers
of tho new prospective regitrtB.
"Tho position taken unanimously by
the New York press, for Instanco, on
tbo street cleaners' strike, to the effect that workers In the publlo service
are on an utterly different looting to
tho«e working for private employers,
that thoy liavo no night to strike,
their only duty is to obey, etc., and tbe
reiterated insistent* upon this statue
show* thnt the capitalists are looking
out for a future fn which the aumbor
ot "public" employes under government avncrsMp will U vuixuoutly increased.    And Id Insisting upon this
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Dm
Koyai
Stanley St. - Nelson
Bast Family and Worktop man's
Hotel,In Cltyi nicely furnlshsd
rooms with Bath. Bads. 8O0.
eath. wsals, Me.
Union House
Prof* J. t. BARRATT
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
THE FERNIE
MBEIt CO.
1    '    * " * , *   ]« *■,     r
: A. McDougall, Mgr/1
'' '
/
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
~\ i. " "2
"> <i~ »- '*     1   l
Send us; your orders
^iriY^r
HOTEL
FERNIE.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
•'■   .      -7
Everything:
Up-to-date
Gall in and
see us once
JOHN P0DBIELANCJK, Prop,
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
mmmmm**'*^m,mmmmm*>*i*m*mmmmmmt
. BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No,
141,   Meets ovory Friday night At
8 p. in. Miners' Union Hall.  W,
A Wortblngton,  Presldont;   B. J..
Good, Boorelnrv.
Bartsndsrs' Loeal No. 514t Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Beers
tary ). A. Gouplll, "Waldorf Hotel
Glarf»tonn l.n«»l No W f. ,»». \V. A,
Meets Snd and «h Thursday Mlnari
Union hall.    ft. Hoes, 9o\   jl
Typeorsphlcsl Union No. 558' Meota
last Saturday In each month at the
Ledger Office, A. J, Buckley, Bee*
rotary.
*J
Loeal Fsrnle No. 17 9, P. of O. Wftets
In Miners Union Hall avary Sunday
at 7.4 S p.m. Everybody walcoa*. D,
Palon, Bscretary-Traasurer.
Unltad Bnthtrhood ef Carpenters and
Jolnsrs^-Local 1230, D. J. ICrans,
Praaldent; P. Jl. flhaw, Saeratary. ■',' v 'yy-sly^-W^^
■7 .;. -7 ■>>'-• r ->??.-:;'ir&^ 7f^?v'- 7^777"".y^y.'.1 .-■ -.■.
"..   '-'■ ,•'7'";';, .,1-^."!'*i'v!'\'-:v,-i.V>'-i  i-Myy-,"-    - •:" 7--   ;7' "- -77 -.'.;' yy 7':-.' "'
'-7" yf "T'-y-^^-'r-
/'"
(. -    *>
/■^
?.-.
>-•!
THE' DISTRICT .UEDGER, FERNIE,  B.C, DECEMBER 2,1911
• r .
\
The Week's News 0r?  ■>'■'
-|/yy>. ;-;.^V-, .f'-y,,--.   ; ^y..-*y-y\y  y:j
J 7  : Our Foreign Br6thers I
S:  .,.
•Cbnslderazione, aia TenutoV'L'Operaio,
'.  ''Itilliano—Negll Stati  Uniti    ,
II'-;
| J, s
ft:
;. yL* -."Everybody Magazine';"  public'a
"7:   Tin nbtevolb articplo,' "Just ~ Wop's'.' di
, Arno- Dosch, dal quale "mi piace stra-,
Iclare qualche brano aneddotico, " ad
;v r'ammaestramento.de! lettori del ."La-
; ;7 voratore Itallano." "
'""Wops." -Non as'pete che'-cosa ques-
,*'-. ' to Tocabolb significa?' - Dago's, ne'rl e
ungheres! — gli'indivldl che fanno I
,.   layori piu bassl e piu pericolosi.   Essi
non conoscono ne lingua, ne leggi, no'
,-,  abitudinl del paese, essl non„sanno
nlonte e perclo non cpntaho nlento.
Quest! pbverl diavoii venut! dal vec-
chi paesl col proposlto di guadagnare
alia- svelta qualche scudo,, rimangono
■   ucclsl sul lavoro, senza nccesslta, In
mezzo aU'lndlfferenza general©.
"Un "Wop © rlmasto ucclso" e si profunda'.questa frase colla stessa In-
- dlfferenza con cui si derebbe; ho ao-
chiappato un topo. >*''-.
y Questo disgrazlati .faticatori "sono
'- ...tratta'tl, come- "gli" animali'inferior 1;
pare che portiono nel loro cervello e
■J'/nei loro muscoli una inaiedizlone del
■ destino; che rechirio, bene in" vista, su
tutta,-la" superflcie del corpo, ,delle'
Btlgma'te antropologiche testimonlan'ti
""■ della loro deficienza psicologica della
, loro incapacite umana della loro in-
" terlorlta "organlca. ' II Wop ' e una
"cOsa" completamente svalorata. . La
sua mort©, sulla bilancla dell'economia
sbciale vale come la morte dl un gatto
randaglo. '" ■' • ■
- 'Nel grand! lavori di cosfruzlone ogni
■ ventiquattro ore, un uomo. yiene am-
mazzato, inutllmente,' per sempllce tra-
,'scuranza, sul lavoro*. - sftratta dl un'
wop; 1' compagnl di lavoro non si cur-
'. ano della' pa vlolenta 'dipartita, i pad-.
- roril  mettono  sistematlc'amente—con-
/niventi magistrati ed opinion© pubbllca
—la cosa_ a tacere.
A New .York soltanto, migliarln   e
- migliaia dl Italian!, perirorio sul lavoro,
senza .che nessuno abbia saputo della
loro morte.    7. •   .»
■^ - .... ,, --.
,- VS1 tratta dl wops ed I padroni, ad
- ,.evitare=ogni possibile n'oia, denunciano
ii morto sotto un falso nome.       \ .
'  ^ASuffern,  suil'Erie, fdiTgl'ovanotti
Italian!, essondo periti ,vlttime_id!unp_ mortiJ'leU'giol_d-ammlnlstrazlQiie7cnn.-
jdei^soliti infortuni ed e'ssendo "conos   -•■■■•
.ciiiti solo pel numero di.matrlcola;che
■ portavano come tantl ergastolani, v'en-
- i n»ro sepoltl senza'   che - nessuno   si
■ Curasao di avvisarei loro parent!." An-
ch'e''il coroner si accontento del loro
numero. '- Qualche,mese dopo le epos©
;' oil i vecchi genitor! In Italia, vedendosl
_ mancare ogni. soccorso scrissoro    al
- console dl New YorltVrlnsclrono, dopo
. lunghe'pratlche a far identlficaro 1 duo
cadaverl, senza nome- nel .-.Potter's
Field;, era poro troppo tardl per chle-
dero qualunquo indohnizzo.
■D'altronde non e sempllcemehl© la
loro ignbranza che permettb al padrone di far© lmpunonaento uccldoro i
- wops.   ''        y y, ■
Sentite II caso dl Goiinaro Dollapla,
Cestui ora un facchlno .fille dlpendenze
;dolIa Pennsylvania Railroad a Plor 29,
North River, In Now York; .  Una ta-
■volo' mnlferma gll sclvolo sotto, mentro
trasporta un eacco di sabbla od II povo
racclo nnncgo mlsernmonto. Una
sorolla marltatn in queBto pnoso vonno
nomlnnta nminlnlstrntrlco, ma ln
causa por dannl venno abbnndonota
Allpra 11 padro di cm 11 flglio ora l'u.il-
co sostogno, ragruzzolato a prozzo dl
.clilssa qxinntt, aacrlfid, 11 prozzo dol
vlagglo, vonno a Now York.
"'Quoflta o la grando Amorlcn, 11 pno-
bo dolla ^llborln," dlsso con voco on-
fntlca al console Qui io avro gliietl-
zla." II consolo non condlvldova l'onl
, Inlono dol vwcchlo, ma'non gll nogo
11 suo npogglo. La fodo dol vecchlo
ora davvoro pntotlca-o porclo vonno
fntto uno sforzo strnordlnarlo In suo
favoro,
SI dovotto poro lotlnro darglugno
1009 flno all'nprllo 1010 por collottnro
|S,8fi dovutl sul Bnlnrlo del flglio qunndo vonno ucclso, Non un soldo di plu.
Quando Calogoro Pollottlorl vonno
uoolno, un suo ciiBlno al proHonto nil'
ufflclo dolla compagnla a pnrlnro dolla
vodora Indlgonto,
Lo splehdido' edificio^ della compag-
nia- impresslono favorevolmente il cu-r
gino sulla sblvibilita.della medeslma'.e
I modi cortesi e" le parole lu'singhiere
degli agent*cbnquistarbno la sua fldu-
cia. .; '"','7''- ,', '- .'7.7-' " ';'"'■'
\ Breve:*'^il cugiha'venne tenutoVa
bada per mes! e mesi.con buone prom-
esse, flnche la prescrlzione, venrie a
dlstruggere ia possibilltita ,'d'ogni' az-
lone: legale contro la compagnla.
. In Pennsylvania 1© vittimo degli infortuni sul lavoro.non lasciano alia
famlglla.il dlritto dl chledere rlsarci-
mento di dannl se essa si trova nel
vecchi o paesl al momento della dis-
grazia.'    ;, :' 7;.
II caso di Carmine Malorano, alia
cui mogli© con due bambini venne
negate ogni diritto dalla ,.Cort© Su-
prema degli Stati Uniti, Insegni.
Un wop ,© cosl mlsera cosa che il
suo nome ' vlene costantement© roso
irriconoscibile. ,,'.''.
Pietro Silvagni-fu trovato dai buo!
parent! reglstrato-come,Peter Sullivan
sul libro di un coroner.'
Se il Silvagni hon avesse scritto una
lettera il giorno prima di-restar© uc-
cisb, nessuno' averehbe mai potuto iden
tificarlo.*   , -^  "- -
Sulla bara di Calogero Salerno venne. scritt:;J. C-Seller. Luigi Grand!
venne sepolto come Louis Grant.
Ce un'-certo vantagglo ad" avere
quest! mort! senza nome e non ldenti-
ficati." 7 ■ .  ■ -.    y .
Viclno.. a Hackensack. sull' Erie,
Concetto Laferta venne ucclso 1'anno
scbrso e, qualche tempo dopo, il consolo Itallano, avendo chlesto, dietro
pressione del parenti, alia compagnla
di sistemai-e Io affare, si sent! rispon-
dere: "" .".,,,'
— Ma.il caso e gia sistemato; venne
nominato,un amministratore'ed 1 dannl furorio pagatl.     -   * ''."'"
Quando, vennero prodotti, i docu-
mento,. l'admlnistratore risultb .essere
,un beccamortl, ed' i/r.danni, pel quail
aveva rilasclato plena rlcevuta, am-
montavano a cinquanta dollarl, 11 prez-
zb del funerale! '
«- - . - ,
Questo caso e lnsbllto solo in quanto
st riferisce?all■ammontare, della fat-
tura del'beccamorti.1    -      7   -  4
Spessp si usa consegnar© al becca-"
^Michelangelo Parvelio.un w'op'-'cloe,
.un .dago, un italiano,"residente ii'ella.
c^ntea' di Alleghany,? nel ^Maryland,
aveva. a forza di privaziohi accumulato
$413.34 in una banca.'Crepb:. s7-'Louis
Stoin prese.'come direttore dei furierali-
$104.25 e come amminist'ratore, ?22i32
dlspese. • Tuttb.il rimanehte", meno
$76.28, andarono per le spese funeraire,'
al coroner, al" registrar -'of'"wills;.- al-
dottore.' . La spesa piu piccola era
quellas dell'ospedale: sei\dollarl.  :.
,E giusto;'-gli,-Italian!; i dagos non
sanno hient© e percio non-sanno n
sauno niente e.,per'cio ,non ■• valgono
nlehte^ I fatti, parlano! •'••„ ;-.
PAGE  SEVEJf
MUSiNGS OF A,MECHANIC'S  SON
, Introductlon.-r-A mechanic's son and
a capitalist's family ar.i,thrown in
close' contact"* with each otlier during
Ihflr school • life.- ■ The 'capHalltt's
family seem to have everything. The
mecliinlc's son knows ho doesn't have
Mie same as they. He feoln he*.lint
roc the same hold on llfo os they. He
wonders why. The poem reads as .the"
lnlii-cnage of a young boy .murmuring
to himself.
Why must I do with less than,they?
Why may they loiter round' and play?
Why everything their heart's desire,
To which my passions do aspire  -
Ar© theirs?   These autos, yachts, and lncides with the returii to nog]^ 0f
boats. ' -
ferentlgll il tltolo'di capocredltore ed
11 dritto, come tale, dl far "man bassa
siigli eventual! rispafmi. lasciatl- dal
morto7"   '       ",' ■*
E'.diventata parte regolare del'com-
merclo del beccamortl quella" dibreu-.
dersi i cadaverl del 7wbps7'irifbrmar'Br
se lasciano danaro alia banca ©,• se ne
hanno, seppellirllt „ con,, lueso* ,propbr:
zlonato'al, danaro Begnato sul libretto;
di banca.. Un giovane- itallano', che
provvedeva a'l mantonlmento della vecchlo madre, cesso d'invla'rle danaro ed
11 - console Itallano, premurato, trovo
11 suo''nome sul reglstro del coroner
a Now York. ,'Tra I Buoi'effottl e'era
un libretto di hanca mostrato come
egli avesse messo $255.39 In una banca
itallana. Questa somma ,'sarebbo
Btata d'IneBtimahllo aluto alia povora
vbcchla; ma quando 11 consolo chieeo
informazionl alia banca, approso ch©
tutto 11 danaro ora stato pagato. II
beccamortl, avendo approso esatta-
monte quanto avova l'ltallano avova
fatto' Boliro il prezzo del funoraib alia
somma' preclsa dopoaltata alia banca
o 11 danaro vonno BborBato senza
tnnto cerlmonlo!
In un altro caso in cui 11 libretto dl
banca rocava $407 11 bocenmorti prose
soltanto $378.     •< ■ ■
Dopo avor fatturato $300 por una
casBa, $80 por florl, $75 por bdobo dl
traBporto o $123 por In buona grazla,
sorabro cho gll sla vonuto mono'11
coragglo,
Distressed at his son's refusal to ontor tho ministry and his preference
for dealing ln horses, n worthy farmer
in tho Midlands was tolling his sorrow to a neighbor. „
"Oh," said tho, latter, "don&t tnko It
too much to heart. I bollovo Tom will
load moro mon to repentance ns n
horso donlor than ovor ho would as a
minister,"
iiU,
20
481
431
VI03
1)10
2227
. 2387
an
„ :o33
1877
1120
3178
nn
1203
M07,
ions
C74
,1180
151.1
£820
A44I
u
2252
mtt
I0R9
W
' :.w
S72
2155
List of Locals District 18
NAME 8E0. and P. 0, ADDRE88 ' '
Dnnkhead ......... P. Whoatloy, Dankbead, Altn.
Heavor Croelc p, Gaughton, Boaver Crook, via Plnchor
Bellevue J. Durko, Bellevue. Frank, Altn,
Blairmoro k.. B. J, Chaso, Blairmore, Alta.
Burmls , Jos, Derbyshire, Burmls, Altn.
Cnrbnndnln,,..1....'J,'TT  TTvutnn  fflriioflriotn^ Priium,^" Alts.
Cardiff J. Poole, Cardiff, Alta.        "'
Cnnmoro N. D. Thnchnk, Cnnmoro, Altn.
Colem»n f... W. Graham, Colomnn, Alta.
Corbln J. Twlgg, Corbln, B, 0,
Chinook Mlnos .... Wm. Forsyth,'Diamond City, Altn,
Diamond City Josoph Nairn, niamnnd Htv T^thhrlrtw
VWto, Thos. Uphill, rvjrnio, B. C.
Fi"*"*  O. Nleol, Frank, Alta.
•Honmor  W. Balderstone, Hosmer, B. C. j
Hillcrest.,,,; j, ci. Jones, Hlllcrost, Alta.
Lothbrldgo ........ l„ Mooro, P. O. Box U3, Uthbrldee
l^thbrldgo Collieries Frank Baringhsm, sec., via., Klpp, Alta.
I'tIt0 >•"• W. U Evana, U\\e, Frank, Alt*
Mnple Leaf. M. Ollday, Maple Leaf; Hellom©, Alts.
SKclicI  M. llurrttll, Michel, I), ti.
jilonarcli Mlno,.,. Horaro Wooiileld, labor, Alta.
Tassburg J. Kenoaritl*a«*hurfr, Alta.
lloynl Vlow Thos. B. Flalcr. Royal Collieries, Lothbtldg«, Attn
Tntor , a. Patterson, Tahor, Alta. >
Ta?J«-r,., J. Coojier, Taber. Alta.
r.ndy«mfth J. J. Tu.*lu*. Ud>*wUl», ll. C..
Sumorland  p€t«r MrWInn. Sumerland. a C.
WflllnRton Thos, Hnrrol, Wolllnglon, H, C. ''
Nanlnmo Jack Plac<».  N'aniEmo, IL C.
Fine  houses,   grounds   and   gentry's
-    coats,-    f   ■ - - ■   '-'
And ample time to travel far,'   "
To them th© gates seem swung ajar,-,
No care whence comes the hill to pay,
They have the, price!   Who makes the
-   hay? '  - '    „ '",'*",
My father works ten hours a "day, .-
And faithful to his work they say,   •
With" honest care,he plods and tolls,
For him. my indignation boils;
Their father labors in his way,       ,"""
But ,not ten' hours day after day.     °
His holidays" are many too;
My father's, they are' short and few.
Why must their lot so different;be?
I cannot tell; it puzzles me.
My mother early in the morn,
Long,ere„the. blowing of the horn
Gets up: The'breakfasfcshe must make
For father, sure, must not be late; v
Their mother has a servant maid'   '
Who  does  their  hardest  work,   I'm
•fraid, j-    -■     '
While she sports 'round; air dressed up
Bay— ,      '•■_..
I wish that mine could be that'way..
But why the difference,1 tell- me, why?
I" cannot findHt.._though I try. ■'
Now father says this year's the last,
I'll be fifteen—my school,, days past.
But they of college talk and plan,
They say;'"You'll he a common man;
Just like your dad, a' workman, ha!,
They mak© me mad, why—father—he
Works harder than does theirs, tor
• me.'  '
Then why can't I to college go, ,
And he like them?  I want tb know. ,
When I grow up and am a map,
I'll find the reasons if I can,
We don't deserve to b© so poor.
For say! my father can't do moro.
The whole year round, dny after day,-
He works, and works, and works away.
Theirs! why, ho's fat and lazy too,
His clothes thoy always look llko now.
Their luxuries I   It makes mo mad,
If wo had half, I'd ho bo glad. -
At church tho preacher, ho talks queer,
Ho aays things aro not right down
. hero:
But when we dlo, If we've walked eo,
Tho hook ho reads from says to go   '
We'll up to heaven ln tho sky
Where things will bo just fine—oh my!
PorhapB Iio'b right, but Iio'b got mo.
I don't with all ho says ngroo;
His pictures Boom such landed talk—
Net real nnd llfo-llke na tliey ought.
Yot for somo bettor things I yonrn,
Tho life that faces mo looks stern;
I pray Jits preachings do como truo,
I'd llko things ovoncd up, don't you?
If God, so ^roiit and full of lovo,
Will not discriminate abovo,
Why can't his worshippers who Soar,
Who lovo his prlnclplos down horo,
Try moro to practice, than to prouch,
Ana all deserving pooplo roach?
I Know, there's mnny brokon honrls
Prom not recovering oqunl parts
O' wealth produced by working slavo*,
For many things tho workman craves,
Ho sees them all nround tho place,
Ho knows his lun't In tho raco,
For whllo ho works for meagre wago,
Ho doos not nood to ho a sngo
To know—A living hare nnd poor
Is nil ho ovor can procure.
I wish that things woro changed, I do,
Tho lent f» gobbled by a fow,
I fool llko 'fighting—yoH—Pm mod,
My I wouldn't 1 bo nwful glad,
ti fcoiuviiwiso nmuooouy would my,
"Ht-u- ifwlrtj.'^ 1,-ijiu, jw«'iJ h,jt n,oi«j
pay—
Enough for you to llvo rwnif rlfcht."
T feel, someday, that someone might
Hthnd up and say; "Look hnro, you
These things will not occur again:
Tho working man  who makes  tho
wealth.
Will have his portion for himself!"
—Major Short, n pnttornmnkor pool.
Laboring, Man's Wants
'.The Labor-party has been in't'ne
House of Commons • for ■ five yeari,
and at the end of that five years the
weekly wage-earner finds himself
rather worse;, off.- His wages'are no
higher; <his expenses have'risen. : The
certainty of an ,old-age pension at
sixty-five offers little comfort to the
man of thirty'with a growing family. If he takes tbe trouble to follow
politics, which he probably does not,'
he finds- that his party possesses little
or no influence in the House bf Commons';- that it works hand-ahd-glove
with the Radicals, whom it denounces
ln tho constitutencies, and that when,
for a theatrical "display, Mr. Ramsay
MacDonald opposes Mr. Lloyd George,
Mr. Lloyd Georg©,- secure in his Irish
alliance' treats the,.' opposition with
amused scorn.
It is no' use the comfortable classes
waxing Indignant with the poor for
desiring to be less poor. , Such a desire is natural, and, as a matter of
fact, a desire worth every encouragement. It is the inevitable result of
better education and better housing
and the general increased luxury of
the well-to-do.
The present labor unrest is directly attributable to the desire for "better' conditions, and its beginning "co-
Mr. Tom Mann., I-have known.. Mr.
Tom Mann, more or less intimately,
for.many years. In the old.days he
was '.without' question the greatest of
all English Socialist orators. ■ He has
personality and force, as has Mr. Ben
Tillett, with whom he was associated
before he went to Australia, and with
whom', he is in alliance now. -
Tom Mann, Ben Tillett and the Social ' Democratic party have this advantage" over,the-Labor party leaders.
They.'are vehemently anti-Puritan.
Tom Mann came back from Australia sceptical as to the use of parliamentary action-as a Socialist weapon'.
He had come to the same conclusion
as th© "leaders of the Confederation
Generale du .Travail, that the only method by' which the workers can force
the capitalists to pay them more wages is by means* of a strike. And that
a general strike, and not sectional,
strikes, is'necessary.-"" In other words,
Tom Mann is a syndicalist. Syndicalism-means the-.incorporation-"of all
workers in similar industries info one.
union., ,The Transport Workers* Federation is its' first result in this country and it-is-possible—there-is-no
uso blinking the fact — that the' dis-
chargo of a 'pdrter_in^a_cailwaY_sta
tion" in "Manchester might well be followed by.an,immediate strike of evejy
man connected with the work,of transport'by-sea or by land throughout the
whole country." . -7
The great railway strike started in
Liverpool, and Tom Mann was the ini
spirer." Tb understand the'present situation IT do ■ not think" It ls necessary
to bother much about Mr. J, E. Wll-
HamB and his friends at Unity House.
Generally and Invariably th© trade
union secretary ls a cautious and
conservative person. He is thinking
of his union's funds. Ho doslros to
live" on, good. terms with the employ-
ore, In his trade and'tho significant
fact is that tho strikes of last summer woro forced on the officials hy
tho rank and file.
'Dangers Ahead
Thoro is no question' thnt tho greatest enemies of tho employing class In
this country nro Mr. Tom Mnnn nnd
Mr. Bon Tillett, I am qulto certain
that thoy will regard this statement
as tho greatest of compliments, for,
although I fundamentally dlsngrco
with them politically. I have admiration for tholr characters ■ and their
ability and thoy romnln my frlonds,
Tho entirely unexpected enthusiasm
of tho railway men for a gonoral
strlko, (and remember that tho railway- mon nre nmong tho moat stolid
arid cnutloiiB of the working class),
nntonlshod Mr. Ramsay MacDonald,
Ho Is bitterly opposed to'syndicalism
nnd tho sympathetic Btrlko. In common with all parliamentary SocIiiIIhU
ho hna denounced tlio Btrlko ns a cruel
and antiquated weapon. But ho ro.
mains tho aBtuto politician—ho Ih far
moro aBtuto than Mr. Tom Mann or
Mr. Ben Tillett—and ot tho laHt moment ho nppoared on tho scono In
tlio railway strllco, took a loading
part ln tho negotiations, nnd Identified
his party with tho strikers.
I bollovo, myself I hat a gonoral
strlko In ISnglnnd Ih by no moatiB an
unlikely occurrence thin winter. Tlio
miners, ©specially In South Wales,
havo thrown over tholr pitutloua of.
flclals and nro npllng for mon awio-
elated with tho oxtrunio revolutionary
pnrty, Tho railway men—and I have
talked with dozens of ticket rollop-
torB, porters and ginirds—nro onRor
to Btrlko naaln.   If such a strike oc
nm'n It tntmf 1>Wni* I Tin. nnt( Tnr'ttii
Influenoo 'w*ll tn lho front, hut It 1*
qulto safe to prophr-ny that Mr, Tlnm-
say MacDonald will ho clever enough
novor to lot It b<? thought that ho Is
unsympathetic.
erngo working man does not enro ono
rap about ik-iikIoii bills, or labor exchanges or Inmirnnco hills; that ho will
ns n mutter of (nrt, bitterly resent the !
jfonrponco toll when tlio Insurance bill
  j Ik pasw'd, hut that ho does wnnt high-
~~"~"       ,    :--- or wagos and thnt If ho is determined
$100- Reward, $!00. 'tn *** higher wnges It In not tho lonst
.il^i^.Tt."! "I" W(!f r.m l" i**** «* l*"* N' of wn t'-WtiK him with his *w-n-
Nut limn M *t ta»l ou tilrutni dUrtw that trvon   . ..... ....     . .
8Ki^^,«£JCwh"»'^»«5«^ l«"n »»Hllns; « ww* tlii|t tho share!
£»£ tJZX!£?i'°W>n!T"' "I'll***» *'«««"• twhtv-fivo
li«XiJ .U^-h.jy * C»uirl» iu,,« u mm to-    - 'r,i> n> •
The Pafier that gets there
- r '■
"KiJtn bf lwi'1-tli* nn t«iit nw*rir„rr.m i*l r ■*-
K.f u^'aSa V H* rw»«*» S»»m «h»t «ht» **^t
K*t* iu** f »laar I1U ^ ^^(Mjjaa,
W<» finvrt tuiiplil m*«n In Amiro a
fuller and n more sallsfnctory life
thnn thftr fnfhr-rs hnd ap(d whon, a
wfcol** t !ni« r*>nllr do«|rr-s n thing tlwy
aw pK-itv nitiilu to g<-t it somi-how
or !!«• oih«r. - l/>r.<Tun Kvpress.
Cf Advertising that advertises is the
; sort  desired by   persons   seeking
publicity: for their wares, y   >
i t
^ , r .
Cf Selecting, the medium is important—the publication that reaches
"the iDeople —the wage-earners—
should appeal to ; th'e discriminate
purchaser of space.        '
■i " ^, i (i. -
Cf.Its  ah  easy matter to acquire
spacejn a paper, but its another
point to get adequate returns from
■-''the outlay.
'Cf^My^tilem^mW^
are the ads that change often and
make interesting reading from time
to time, giving facts and figures.,
Cf Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper is not advertising. A well written arid neatly,
displayed ad is a source of information that, will not be easily passed
undiscovered.    Discover your busi- -
ness with the use of Printers Ink.
t
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when-you do.
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
Cf The District Ledger lias tho
largest circulation in the Pass and
should be your special medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try-
cah't toll until you try.
Tfl
'I
'I
Address all communications to
The District Ledger 'X'^K-rT . "t*>i *  y r1' \t .=■
, .* ■ ■ -ft',
v -.   •t -
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: -- * -v "-•
PAGE, EIGHT
.TIffi DISTRICT LUDGER,TERMIE, B^C.,DECEMBER 2,1911
-v-,:
y.
rows
■    \   ■*   i *
' ' '     'if   - l
Trading- .- Company;- ltd.:
The Store of Good Values
.Good Saturday Values .
-Si   .  ' - "
'    Get the Benefit of the Special Grocery Valued
offered for Saturday and Monday selling:  ■
i     -.      '     - •'    .„"-•■
Shoe Blacking, ,3 tins "for .. ••    '25c.
f lb. Boxes Bitter Siveet Chocolates \ . ' 30c.
IJumloy aiiil Palmer's Biscuits, per (lb.;\... ^   30c'-.
.7oluiKlon',s Fluid Beef, 1G oz. bottles ".'..... - 85c.
1 Hi" this Pork and Beans, 3 tins for . .-.■.'.-..  ■ 25c.
Toasted Cora Makes, 3 pkis for '.:..    25c.
Post .toastics, 3 pkts for     25c.
' Shredded Wheat Biscuits, 2 pkts for"':'.,..'..    25c. •
Baker's Cocoa, y2 M* -tins " '.. • 25c.
Canada First Cream, large 20 oz. tins, .12 for $1.00.
1 lb. pkts. New Sultanas -....- :. -, 15c. <■■
1 Now Seeded Raisins, per pkt , 10c.
Table Raisins, 2 ,lbs. for '  25c.
Corn Starch,' 2 pkts for ......."  15c. '
Floating Ba1h Soap^8 bars' for .,..,...*.. 25c-
2 lb. Tins Table Syrup ........'.'......'.."..." 10c.
' Colgate's Talcum Powder 7....,...'... > 20c. -
Colgate's Toilet Soap, j>er box , ...    30c.
'. CHECK APRON GINGHAMS, 11 Yds. for $1.00
A most satisfactory cloth, \vill give,good wea"v.
' Free from filling; in dark and light checks.    Full
40 inches wide.
Saturday, 11 yards for $1.00,  or" 10 per yard
-,
COLORED, ART SATEENS AND CRETONS,
Special, 10 c. per yard
A cloi.li suitable for Cushion Tops, Cosy Comers
and Side Curtains, in a variety of 'colors.     Dark
and light grounds;-27 and 28 inches wide.   '_
1       -     Saturday, 10c. per yard >''7    -y
' : EIDERDOWN WOOL, 10c. per Skien
. ,^        ,> . , ...
This is the most -popular wool, being used for
t -making Aviation Caps-; jn   Grey,  Fawn,, "White,-
Cream and Sky.       : '    - a ■",
. ■ ' ''•"-  ' 7 -C-
o,    Saturday Special, 10c, per Skein  '-;
\H
BESSgSSggarep*^^
We" notice iii the columns of (ho
Free Lance of Westville, N.S., a copy
ot" Wm. Potter's letter, an,d at the end
is an editorial iiote enquiring as to
whether "gillie Potter" is an old time
Westville.'man. The writer of this
.note observes that' "we .would not be'
surprised if it was," and goes on to
say, that this letter will be read with
interest .by .the miners of Pictou county-, "7. Wie ,certainly think the" miners
will-be.interested but we aro a little
doubtful as to whether ihey have any
particular desire to hxy claim ,tcr this
jpaiiin^ejifiL'tlie "Wiilin"' thev-krvp w_
3&SESES3
Where are the hockey enthusiasts?
Just wait a little while.    -
Look at the label'on your paper and,
,' see   if your  subscription  is  paid  in
advance.     '    " ,
A' nice line of Xmas and 'Menu cards
at the'Ledger Office. " -
Look at the label on your paper and
see if your .subscription' Is paid In
advance.  ; -.
Wm. Yulo will bo sec-n dt the Grand
Theatre on Tuesday, December 12, In
Richard 13; Sheridan's great play "Tho
''.Rivals."'
A co-operative store will ho established In ITosnior hy mombors of Ihe
. Local II. M. W. of A.    1B0 slinrehold-
crs havo already subscribed,
Tho Rov. 10, C, Kakoly, >ot Michel,
will preach In tho Methodist Church
on Sunday- noxL al, both.morning and
evening services. » The Rov, Dlmmlclc
wlll officiate nt Crnnlirook that day.
P. .1. Watson, who fnr nomo consld-
orablo tlmo enniod on n real ostalo
biiHlnosH ut.' 1275 Queen West, special-,
Izlng especially in farm IuikIb, hns removed to more com mod Ions offices tit
127 Hay SI root .—Toronto Nowh.
That iho Hkatoi'H nro golni? to romo
Into tlmlr ovn this wlnt/T In tlio mpt-
tor of good I co Ih hrhiii'ihI, .Too' l/itclior
having Htipnrvlfllon Is Biifflt'lonl c.unr-
, an too. Hofora tlio.wnnii Hpoll seta
In tho favorable comnionlu on tho Ico
provldod lioiloa woll for Uioko now
waiting for tlio cold snap to ro-appenr.
Tho quoHtlon of lho moment at tlio
rink Ih when tho Scotch Curlori w'll
arrive from tho Old Country,, We do
not know whothor tho Fornlo rln'cu
liavo.any clmllortgo out, hut ilouhtlosn
thoy will not overlook tho opportunity
of pointing out tho fin© no!iilo"of tho
gamo bhould thoy bo able lo Induce tho
Scots lo vlKlt this city,
THE PEA-SHOOTER AND
THE MAXIM GUN
.A gentleman of polished exterior
was trolling from the suburbs one
morning when he-noticed'two gutter,
urchins playing "pitch and toss." Aggrieved* beyond measure at tho sight,
ho went up to them, and from tho
depth of> hlfi own deep wisdom he
aptiko unto thorn, saying: '   *
"Ah, children, desist from this Sat-
anlbi pastime. Know yo not that It
Ib an unholy, aye, Immoral thing lo-
keep untq yourselves wliataoovor lids
not boon' bartorod for .Its vnluo In
goods or Its,•equivalent In honost labor? ■ I pray you desist, grow up with
lionlthy iplnds and prosper ovon as I
havo prosporod." ■   '«*•'.
Tho childron llstouod, nnd dOHlalcd
forthwith, which made t'lio^ontlomnn
©wooding glad; so mucli\8o, In fact,
that his light heart kopt his mind
alort. Thus ho was ,onablod to astutely concludo his negotiations on tho
Stock Exchungo thnt very mornliu;,
which' r(iBii1tod(i In his comploto control of tho wheat, and fio Bucconafnlly
flout throo rotten Byndlnntofl. Wlmt
(lint* he wii« dolnu po the two "eultcf
HiilpoH,"'', having walohod lilm viniUli,
contlniled their "pilch nnd Inns," for
one wanted to buy his ntorvliig mother
yoiiio broad, which by houio moans un-
known to thorn, had rlson lorgoly In
prlco.
Moral—Don'L play "pitch and Iosh"
 until you can do It In a Hllk lint.
• Wm. H. Pearson, InHy omployoil by
tho Provincial aovoriinu'iil, linn
launrhod out. Into tlio profwHlnnnl
world as a publlo1 Htono«rnphor.   Ho
hut, uiMli >ill Olluw IH till) iJUIllO KlltIK
rh;ini'!i(-r,-, ami 3j]y ijunV,lU!)ii,n,!t U,
UiIb lino are mifflrlcntly woll-known
to onsuro hla Biiccofld.
Tho roaiilt of the trial of flno, Vo-
11.11 IT. ...     	
"- -.'--J   .....   . .....   fr.,,.1.1.^,   \\i,   ft\v»c,riS>
chargotl with nHKimltlng Geo. Konrlch
nt tho Royal Hotel, was that Vollchlco
wni gontoneod to two monthii with
hard labor, nt Nolson Jnll. On ar-
count of IiIh family a light sentonoo
wa* Irnpoftorl. PetroJi wan lot out on
■uHpoudod Kontonco, iHijng bound ovor
to koop'tho pt-oro for ono yviir.
"A nlr© lino of Xmn« and Menu cards
at tho Lodger Offlco.
VOCAL JOURNALIST
Latoit Novelty In Copenhagen Cafes
and Hoteli
COPKNIIAfJNN', Nov, 2B.—Tlio vocal
Journalist la tho latoot novelty In Co-
ponhagon nnd ho Ib bocomlng a popular fonturo nt fo«tlvnl«, oxhlbinoiifl
and othor ontorlnlnmonts. Ifo Ih oIro
hcoii and hoard at faHhlonnlilo cafoR
nnd reHlaurantfl whoro ho ijollvoru tho
iiowh with com men ta ilurlnt? tho hnnd
pIlllMJb,
Ti,*» oviiicr u( ono o( tlio turnout
hotels horo has developed (lie Idea
further and In tho palm court ot tho
hotel aftor each thoulrlciil firm night,
tho vocal journalist will crltlclzo tho
l«-(H<ninnii,«.
TO RENT —Two-roomed Pla»tered
House, wllh conl homo, toilet and
wator.     Apply.   It.   Wright.   w«**f
**V-.
V&m\o.
lC-3t
A nlco lino of Xmas and Menu cards
at lho ledger Offko.
Donfncss Cannot Bo Cured
br ln'il nr>i*.'/»-iiirtn», «« th^y mnnKf rfich (hn dht
<„i>-.l (inn nt dl ,hp ii»r, '|hrh> l« inly liliP ««y ta
r.ltv il.-ifi.iM, »n<! ilut ll by ninitltullon*! rroirtltii,
|i-i(m«ii In n\\»n\ hy »n InKaitiMl pmilltlm nl \U
m'.kk* L.ii.i ui iUj i.OiUi-liUu im*:. uw tiu
1.i'i« l« luilimMl you |i»mi k mtnlillnj Unind 'k lm.
IK-rii-rl h.afiu». »ml «lwn It l» MillMy rt(MNt, Oaf.
iifrt u l!t# mull, »ml ur,lii4 th» triOimmitlnii nn l«
l»*fn aui ».,d :,.-i x»,m ^rt.^r«J i^, m unrmU focrti-
W. br»rin« Kill Ue i!r*lfii>f«l tuttw, MM tutt
«ut or in mi, (an* t| t.y t'aUrrli, «bl«h U iiithliiii
but mi Iniliiunl f«iii,WW ftl the muiwui tntlttn.
\\» * ll giv* Oik iiu iiln-il IxWlnrn («>» My tit* nl
!>■■ ,■ f-w ic-sjw.,1 |,y ttum.l Vikt laiiliirt lm nirul
i<i lum (iiui-h I'.iw.  fvn<i (nt eirtuiin, ttt+.
Hi<-1 lip nniT^ali IV
Itke |U4'« «'im:iy im.i f,* r«m«llp»tta«.
YEONE. SCORE, AND  ONE!
And behoid a certain, party of wood
men went,forth.from' ye\ancient city
of Fernie," and jotirn'eyed westward un-
tir'th'ey reached" the dividecof ye River
known as ye.South Forke. . And-encamping there, on ye hillside, proceeded to -hunt ye", quadruped known as
ye deer. After some-days, wherein ye
mighty NImrods had much * success,
killing ye deer by-throwing ye' lead
balls from ye ancient -rifle, they 'decided that they would -.return, "For,"
spake one, "have we not a kill of one
score and one, and doth not this create
. , *. .i
a record, therefore, let us return to our
city'and rejoice at our success!" ,•
"Truly," sayeth another, ""we-'have
observed ye law, for whereas, ye law,
says ye shall kill one quarter score,
we have but little more than three
for each man, therefore) ,1 say we will
return."      7       ' •u;  "7   ■ ,
' Thus spoke a, third, for they numbered one half dozen, ''Truly have we observed the law/for we have but throe
of ye doe, the . remaining ■ eighteen
being yo buck, therefore »,we "will' return."
And .behold they hired, ye great C.
P. It,, who runneth ye steam train, to
take1 the spoil^to ye ancient city'of
Femle. 'And • wlien they \ camo unto
the city behold there was much dis-'
content and grumbling among ' other
less skilled-and fortunate than ye six'
aiid gathering on ,ye- street corners
and temples of Bacchus ye soreheads
did say many things- that, were real
unkind, calling,, ye hunters bold;
bad and vulgar'names." But ye,'hunters cared not, for were they- not
HUNTERS, and had not-'tliey broke
ye record? i So they proceeded to
make merry and disburse their meat
with a generous and hearty hand, arid
ye inhabitants, of .'ye wealthy quarter
—ye' West -End, for sure—did' feast
arid make merry, and showered congratulations upon .these )hunters of
whom they feel right proud.   So be it.
"OH
WILLIE,   WE   HAVE   MISSED
7   .' YOU."
It'need'scarcely be pointed out that
the paper referred to is scarcely an un"
flinching champion of the cause of
the miners, as in another, column we
find an exultant message to the miners that Ihe U. M. W. of A. is a discredited organization in Nova Scotia.
The workers are a little wiser than
thoy used to be and are not likely to
swallow everything that appears' in
print theBe days.
LABOR'S  ANSWER
"Pence, pence,", when  there    is    no
'peace;
When Mammon sits enthroned,
And he who tells of a world for all
' Ts driven forth and stoned.       ;
For there's little calm or friendship's
»balm,
Or joy of a kliidly deed,
Whore  man  Is sold for a prlco ot
Koltl7
And bound In the chains of greed,
"Peace,  peace,"> when   there-Is  no
ponco;
When tlio battle for work means life,
And won' must tear at each other's
throats
By tlio law of tho club and ltnlfo,
Foi   thoy gather slight; yloM of tho'
forgo nmi flold,
Or rpoll of lho mlno and mill,
And tlio plJ.tanco of onch hut helps
to loach •
The fonr of hla brother Rtlll!
Whon   tho   millions   shout   "How
long?1.
And tlm armies rlso at tho maatel'H1
will
To koop tholr kingdom strong,
For tho rifles flnnh, nnd tlm Maxlinn
craah,
And tho gloaming Hwords doHconil;
And woo thoy boar to tho hearts that
daro
Tholr blrthrlghtH to dofond,
"Poaco, pooco," when thoro    !«   no
ponco;
Whon tho pooplo drink salt toara,
And food on tholr henrtu, thnt throb
with woo
And bronlt with tho cruel years.   '
For'tho chlldron cry and tholr mothers
dlo,
And tho fathers droop with car©,
Alio! cutrto each u'uy (n u dumb ditmiuy
Till (ho night cornea with despair!
'Toaca, jioacn," when thoro    la   no
ponco;
VvM-tii mo ■wno'io world roolta with
war.
13y tho rouI of man that awakes al
last,
What poaco do you clamor for!
Comes a noblo fight; 'tin a fight for
rffhtr
Wo aire ready to our !a«t bronlhl
Thoro nhnll b^no pneo till our wrongs'
may ocaue,
Though wo battle to tho death!
'WetitkyB77yy
Bureau Siarted
Mr. P., A..':peyine' Took Charge ;This.
Morning- of -.Free Labor Agency—No
Fees' Charged—Supply Men tb-Citizens" and for Civic Work. ; 7";  '
•Early, this "morning l(?r. P.,A..Devi"ne^
who will.supervise the new civic;employment-bureau came .on the job and-
with the mayor's secretary began pre-'
parations for the establishment of .the-
charge will be madetoariy one, either
employer; or, employee.''- '"The office is
located in* the, basement lot'the city
hali.\ Th© entrance- is' from "the"Hlane
in the "rear;' of-'the hail':'—Vancouver;
Province.     v -.-"•  ''..<"'.' . ' '-',""' -' "'"
The Vancouver World contains the'
following' interesting -item aheht' the
office in the basement of .the city hall j Civic Employment Bureau: T .hy   , v
-"Union men- themselves "a'rVnrit in
building. -, .-And within two" or, three
days at the outset tlio,, bureau ■ will j need "-of such an : institution' b^t7it
conimence'its work." - ,. " * -, . " «| would be a godsend:lo^uno'rgahized la-,
yt is primarily .designed to serve!hor, more, especially" the' unskilled'
citizens with.labor, needed' from time branches, the'-men jvho at present are
to time in-small quantities..- A tele- j too ■ often the victims "of;" the Uiree.-
phone will.be installed with tho other i crew; system, one on the way„up, one'
equipment and Varicouverites will' be  on the job, and'oneon the way-back.1
ablo next weeWto secure a man" for an
odd job atiany time that thoy desire
Ed.—A.Civic--.Employment ' Bureau
has been started in Vancouver—a dis-
his s'erylces.'        ,'■>.'■ -   j tributlng agency ■ for    surplus labor
■ The-bureau will, of course, - supply power'.'' _., Evidently things have chang-
Iabor. lo any firm who makes a call jed i'n the West, aiid employers do not
and it is-further designed to a'id',the ^leed to hunt for men now. ; Of course
city engineer's department! in "finding \ he project is not simply for the benefit
men to carry out the big sewer, water- of the "job hunters" only, but also to
works "and road works from- time to
time.     It will relieve the situation in
assist the employers in'securing competent help.    No charge will be made
the labor-market by finding work for -for'this' service,'-it is a" commercially
unemployed and while temporary jobs i philanthropic"' ■ 'institution."'" •' British
will be' fealured the bureau .will often
enough find permanent situations for
the out. of works."". "•" '■..'■
-."This,bureau will fill a real need in
the, city," said Mr. Devine.'- "It's going
to be a-s'uecess I feel sur.e at the start.'
We're going to go ahead and make it a
success.',' -"'",        ■•„•''
I      o ' ' •
""■ Mr-Devine is one of'the pioneer residents bf the city and is considered to
be well fable, to manage the bureau.
He -will have'an assistant in the person
of Mr. J. C.. Jenkins.
At-the start the bureau will circular-,
ize.all employers,^of.labor acquainting
them with; the'fact that the bureau x
stands' ready"to; supply labor, for any"
work ordered.' 'Applicants for the position' will have their, names enrolled
on the.register and the'general method
of- conducting the bureau will be similar to* that.used byjhe employment
companies with the exception that' no*
Columbians surely the elysium of the
worker wlien our, goo"d citizensVoper-
ate- to,, assure :ithe realization of his
ideal dream'of "getting a job.", ' There
is no .mention of discrimination, but
presume this will;only apply "to" the
capabilities of the'applicant in handling _ his'work7ahd not to his conviction's- on ;the, question of" "identity of
interests." /Perhaps' it would not'-be
out of--place' to suggest a provincial
employment bureau to take care" of
those unable to, secure1 employment in
other parts"1 of the Province outside "of
the city, of Vancouver. -Probably the
merchants', mine', owners; professional
men,- and others even in Fernie,'could
,be induced to'get together on such a.
scheme, bearing in- mind that charity
begins at! home. v .The'' miners," of
cou;-se, being so - steadily' employed,
would-not likely be'very much interested, but "you never can ,tcll.",.      .'
THE- .COURAGEOUS- BUG ■' \ " • '„
r - '" ; AND THE PIOUS LADY
■ Having unburdened herself .of these
exquisite sentiments', she gentlylifted
,-. i tlie, tire,d and hungry, bug from-the
It was the most debonnair "bug that
ever." crawled-.out of bugdom. Distinguished in'appearance, one might have,
conjectured that royal blood flowed"'in
its .vein's^. ''AsLrarige, vivid light leapt
*rom=?iLS=eye3,j==as=i!r=c;rawlod=^roin='=its''
■retrea'f this sunny- Sabbath morning
betokening .to" tlie careful observer an
indomitable.'spirit, within. In-truth",
our bug. was'of the composition rthat
all heroes are,.made; an unconipromis-
,ing determination, to "get there," a"
The strike on.the G.T.P. continues
with as' much vim as ever.     The men
<ire" solid   and , they  carry , on   their
romantic desire to" achiove great things ! picket-' work with.'a persistence and
roadway and dropped it ori-.to'a^ mulberry,-bush, which, being a' deadly
poison, to- that" particular. kind\of i tiug.
did speedily send ■ it on a longer journey, than-tho one it-had-, triumphed
o'er.y "^ 7 "     ..  ""■•-""-y.y--,'
;-Moral—Keep.your eye'.on the sentimentalist,   v '.   ,'•*''    ■   '
and a Promethean scorn for-.all forms
o^ resistance.-,' ...Verily its ambition
was an'august one this day. It would
rise superior"tq.its -follows,, leave them
to Idly dissipate on potato juice, strike
out' d'er tho great white desert (a
carriage' drive), .and alone,' unaided,
.with tho'c-zeal of Vasco dl Ga'ma, ascertain what lay beyond. ,
■ So It mlsguldedly > mounted the
ditch u and contemplated tlio 'desert,'
resting only until Its Impetuous fervour Bpurrod If onwards to conquer
or die. Having enthusiastically tra-
voraed about,fifteen' inches, it rested
once more and was about to resume
-when, wllh a terrific din, a horso
galloped past, Its Iron-shod, hoof striking wlth|n nn Inch of our heroic bug's
resting place, ' Breathing a sigh of
thnnksglvlng at'tho'-hnlr-broath's cs-
'enpo, It pursued Its way undauntedly.
A few more Inches won; when'once
again danger Boomed to porvndo tho
nlmoBphoro a man thia time. Ho gazed at, tho liny form awhllo, thou ton-
dorly placing his stick across tho bug's
sldo, ho lifted that bug with ono hoavo
right buck to tho ditch It started
from. Was It dismayed? Not a lilt,
that ,hug wiiH nn "ImpoBslblllsl." lio
lot out again as full of ondoavor ns on
M.P., Ih full of wind.
■ This tlmo ho Biiccooflfully dodged u
gurdon roller which assuredly would
hnvo squasliod him out; of all recognition—wns ilollvorod from certain donth
by u torn cut that'scarod away ahun-
gry blackbird'bont on devouring him,
nnd had hut six Inchon to nogotlnto for
tho 'dOHort," lo bocomo a thing of tho
pnBt. Thnn Boinothlng blotted, or
Bconiod to blot, out tho sun.
It wm u humntio and eoniowhnt
DloUH'foAuilo returning from church,.
Sho placed a lorgnotto to hor oyw,
Lout rnpturotinly ovor tho bug and
miiHlcnlly mnrinurod: "Poor dnrlfng, If
you sit thoro aomo ono will trample
upon you, and that will novor do,
"Our dear poot Colrldgo has told ub
thnt: 'I       ((
IIo prayoth boat who lovotb boat
All things both great and small;
1\h t'10 duar uoii iovot'i un,
No mado aud lovcth all,"
diplomacjswhlch.is very concerting to
the officials'. Tl ere'are no losaas
whatoye; to repoj't
The people who' tlie company have
got at'wo k hi'ihe places ,'of die nvn
on striko are standard'variety of strike
breakers. There is' not known to bo
ono reputable practical mechanic on
the job. 'They liavo'becn brought'from
the east, lind'somo aro-from the Old
Country. In numbers.tliey embarass
th© company moro than' they 'do the
strikers. Tlio-weather recently'turned favorable for tho'company and helped them out a llttlo'\vh/m tho.strain
was fierce.' ' As It Is, freight business
has to shift for Itself, all energies being devoted lo keeping tho passengers,
moving on tho main line. '    t.
Where- strikebreakers aro employed
thoy aro hlvod In box cars, and tho
bosses endeavor lo prevent them from
going Into town on account of the
numbors of dosortlons. In. ono ca'so,
wo aro Informed, thoro nro ns ninny ns
fifteen sick ln ono car,
Thoro nro not, so far, any Indications of Ottawa taking a hand In tho
rf.'alr, proRont npponrnnccs being that
tho organization!! will malntnln ino
strike effectively till an offer Ir mado
for Bott!omont.--Thc Voice. Wlnnlpog.
»»«"»«<TO'S»«»«»1»<a»«S»«fl&«EM
Nowhere In the Pan can be
found In such n display of
Meats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Venl, Poultry, flutter,
Bgoii Ft«h, "Imperalor Hama
and Bacon" Lard, Soutanes, <
Welnera and Sauor Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL
Galgary Cattle Co.
L
Phon« M
♦♦♦♦♦"*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
S/tfM's Cure
ouiokiv mrapn eeuoHt. cunto cotoa.
MCAlt TMt THROAT ANO I UNOt. OB CCNTfj
V
•O
O
O
O
0
o
0
o
o
Fire!
o
<►
<►
o
<►
We represent 24 of the strongest Board        o-
In surance Companies now in existence        &
For rates and particulars apply , <►
♦ Union Land Company,
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦<>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
NATAL
B.C.
O
®
<
Sgjeici^ls fo|
>
X7+
+   -of..
9-'*:
<■.*>
y.
>• r»',
-7:77';--;--,y^
..•-•-"■  '.   "i -'-   , "■».- .■•■,"" -l '■.y"-
y NewfCalifornia Navel-"Oraijges,, per'-dbz.-''; '''"-7. y""§!.
' r':'yy.^;j:' vf^-'.'r''!'-'""'"' y2dc.;2i;5c.,;40c.,56c^>,'
. .y_" New 'California Seeded Kaisms,!' 2 pkgs."for^25c'.r ,|
*'w 7-V^^ Cftliforhia ,Sultaiia>R"aisins, 2'pkgs..for,- 25V?7►.''*'
. " ''""-.New Oalifornia'-MuseatelleSaisiris, 2 lbs.-.for."25c'?:.&£■ ■
-,-   New SeasousL/eiiion Peel,-.pei'lb.:'. 7-7. "7.'-.
. y New.SeasbjiyOrauge Peel, peivlb. .'."./.-,
„     ",-NeAv.Season 's'Gjtron Peel, per lb.' [.--.; ..'.>,
-.' iWetliey.'s'liinc'eraeat, lb. picgs.'.'eaeh', .V
""  .''-"Wagstiifrs -liincemeat ,'"-51b;pails :/. 7,.
,    7 Presli Lettuce, per lb.;.'. .7 .:. ,7\,. .*.-,'..
„    ' Banquet.Bacon', pei' Hi.' ..'.".';,;',,7.?".'.'.."
Shield's IIam,.pel- lbN7. .V.'i* '.';..,'..!.',
„ .■ Spring Gliickenr-per ib.'.y .-;.:'.".'..;
: •       Canada Com Starch, 3 plcgsl-fbv ...-	
'•  -". "White Gloss Clothes Starch,*3 pkgs'for 7
_ /  -• II.' P.' Sauce, - y.i "pt: bottles,...-. V:.. -.',;'.:
.;', " Salt, '4. bags/for ,. '. .']■..-
,,/    Blue Ribbdib.Tea, 3 ib! for'..."-.-!....;..;:,
;_     Quaker Oats, 2lb. pkg for' .7 -.\.-..
'',   '   Kellog's "Corn Flakes, ,3- plcgs for .'•.•.."'-.'.
"y-.   Corn, 2 lb,."can for}:-.,. .777^...;.:,. .;''■.'.
', 0> Brooms, medium"'jveight,' each ..\.7.'.'.\.,
■y.:. " 'Armour's Beef Extract, 2 oz. iars '■■ •-.;-.
'yy- ^Bovril, 4 oz.' jar -.>..'..-.-."7\ \;.".-;".. 7;...,'..
"'IJowiiey/s Fresh Cho'colates, per lb. '..''.':-.
- 7,  ';Butterfly, Milk, per can''...." .*.,.'.; .. 7....'.'
-,A- -Aylmer's Cream, Family.size"-.' 7.7 .'..'.'. :
'7 Aylmer's Cream, Ilotel'size .>J\.:'.". s..;. .-
• '     'Purity Flour,'98 lb. sacks' ...".';'':,;. y 7. -.".
,  '' Piirity Flour/4? lb', sacks /!*.'.'.. ::v*'. :jy
■■' ■. Purity;Four,,'24. lb. sacks'.'...'...'. .7.7.
i
15c7,
,;'.'■ X5c,
:.. - 20c;.
,'rV" 10,c.?f
.,'.7,60b. >
...I^SSo.'/l
,..'--22c.-. >
,..-"2io.?#
,;. - 25c \>
,-.. 25c. • J
,..'725c:' |
,-..- 20c
,'../ 25c
.$1.00'.
...1 10c
..*." 25c." J:
::... i0c\' §
7 ., 35cv.> ■
:.-.■' 25o*s %
...   .50C71 >7
,':7' 30c,:J,'
,:. -10c;7{-
:V/.-.20C.'-;
.. 3.25 .<;
..'.i.65lV-;.<
..'.7,850 7-1
" /7:yy<
>■•-
I
i
§:-
< '■
- ■■> "   •        '     -    *• ''■,,,,.•■  ■ .     .    i - '' °  ""      "'   -«. V
Special Sale of Ladies' i
§
i
•\
/ ■ . \      '   ' Oxir Special Sale of Ladies' Cloth Coats is on for ° Ai •'-
ft-*'   "'^ --'"'/another week in'our Dry Goods Department. 7 Do*.'<      "
>' '7-  '-        • not overlopk'this opportunity to get"a'good Winter   a """
. L-    Coat cheap..    ■ /'.'.,
;~y^^yn,iniizeoyy7^y77y
J.v. '   yy*V"'i-yv  "'.;-; - "'^,'
_*__ ■ 1      r »
Waldorf
'Hotel
Mrs.'S,,Jennings, Proprietress,
Rates $l.S6,;andup
Hot and Cold Water ''
Electrlo Lighted-' '
Steam Heated:1'        l.
. "Phone In every room,,;
Sample Rooms on Main/
,'"..' Business Street. ..;.■
j, Meal Tickets, $6.00''
Special Rates by the-week and
the month and to Theatrical pap.
!, ties,   Try our.
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c .
The finest  of- Wines,  Liquors
land Clgnra served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
MOVED
Wo bog to unnounco tlmt for
tlio proBont wo aro removing our
stock from tlio .Victoria Avonuo
promlsoB to tho old atand -on
rollntt Avonuo, and thoro liopo
to moot nil our cuntouior'B,
Dy a strict ndlioiohco to busl-
nous wo trust to morJt a conllnu*
unco of your, valued pntronngo.
A COMPLETR LINE ON BALE
AT   A. A.   McBEAN'6 STORE
it
'I
Fernie Home Bakery
hWk1wy**Mu.'v
and Sale Stables
- r\ - --,   ' /   ,
• First class Hors'ei. for. Sale.'     fl    -7
'■• ,-, ■ ■   ■ ....-"-^rv
Buys H-grses on Commlslon     <\ "''.
.„"''.,•  .   -     « .  '
 —^ „ -'y't'-X'
George Barton    Phone 78 §    ,
"W '
Here it is, Waiting for li 7;
HOUSlCKiaraPEIl—Experienced, raid-
illo-ngod, I'olinblo, first-class reference,
seeks ■ situation.- Apply, "11," co;,
IvCilgor Offlco. "   it.p.
TAXIDERMY—Por first-class, thxl-
'dormy work, mounting nn'ytlilng fronva
Biinko to nn olopliunt. ciilJL or wrllo, O.
Ueoco, P. O.IJox 0, West Pernio
Im.-n.p,
POR SALE—At a bargain; a brand    ,
now lllcyclo;   English mnko,    novor
rodo on.    Apply, Wm. Tlarton, Pollatt
Avonuo,,    '    ,    ' '•'.   ■   ' o-t.f
FOR SALE—Subject lo short lease,
IIoubo and Lot corner Illvorbunk Avo,
nnd Prior Sti-cot. Apply to L, P, Eck-
stoln,
LOST, STOLEN, or STRAYED, ono
podlgroo Alrdalo Ultch. Any Infor-
matlon lending to tlio rocovory of
Bamo will bo npproclntod by W. Par-
noil, Wost Fornlo.
WANTED position afl HouBOkoopor
to working man or gonoral houso
work.    Apply, Miss Slinw, ]3ox, 270.
13-2tp
A SNAP.—I will soil my eight-room-
od modom liouso on Lot 8, Block 38,
Maophorson'Avonuo, for tl.MiO; tl4R0
cash and tho balanco In 12 months,
This houio is on a,double lot nnd has
electric light, bath, otc, Apply, F.
Mllcr, Box m, City Heights, Vancouver, U. 0, 18-t.f.
L. E. McDonald
HOPBEBHOEINQ -
GENERAL   BLACK8MITHINQ
'    !     and
CARRIAGE  BUILDINCI
Express and Delivery Wagons a
'" Speciality
TIE TIMOliIt POR BALE—Apply W,
W, Parnoll, Fornlo, B,0,
Wo have permanent positions for
ono or moro Indy roproBontatlvos in
onrh rlty nnrt toWTinhlp fn Wostorn
Canada, i Wo can offor vory attractf"*
lv«f> tnrmn to thorn* who «jimllfy and nro
willing to devote four to six hours
dally to our work. Clergymen, school
teachers and thoso having largo personal acquaintances who can devoto
•jtaro tine, will Im amply repaid for
thrtr norvlrM. AflHronn liiimMlsMy,
Box SSL Winnipeg. H-2-L
nUrtftilfeir« jfr*4i*p4*>* 4«m.at4
-.SSiafmimmmmmmmmmt

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