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The District Ledger 1911-03-04

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ProvIi.cialiLibrjiri_'.3Q'June;O0■: ]■ MTO
-*■'■ —- "*V
, I ;/,.■'
Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official.Organ.of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A;
Vol. VI., No. 29. /V\ >
.*»* 7' „'
Political Unity is Victory
$1.00 A YEAR.
©©rata0- 'siirad
o      of
jr© ana.
n<___ nu_ C
d siigna nap
Conference Opens at Calgary-Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Co. Joins the
Operators Association
.As the present agreement made in
'March, 1909, between. the coal operators who are members of the Western
Coal Operator's Association and their
employees belonging* to District 18,
U. M. W. of A. will terminate March
33 st, 1911, a joint meetiiig for the pur"
pose of formulating a scale by which
■both parties shall, be governed subsequent to 'the expiry, of the"' present
contract was convened in the City
Hall. Calgary, at 3 p.m., Wednesday,
March lst.
. Mr.*-McNeil, of the H. W. McNeil
Collieries Company, was*., appointed
chairman and'A. J. Carter, Sec.-Treas.
of District 18, U.; M. W. of A. will fulfil tho secretarial duties of the gathering ■*., -
The  Scale* Committees named  arc
as follows.
For*the operators: Nalsmith, R. W.
Coulthard, 0.' E. S. Whltesides, H. McNeil, J. H.. Ashworth, Jno. Brown,
Lewis Stockett. For the Miners: J.
O. Jones, W. Lees, J. E. Smith, D.
A. J Carter
■*. The following companies were', announced by Lewis Stockett, presiding
officer of the board of operators as
comprising the Western Coal Operators Association at the present time:
Bankhead mines Co., Ltd., H. W. Mc-
, Nell Co., West Canadian Collieries Co.,
International Coal,and Coke^Co., Royal
Collieries,'" Limited. Chinook Coal Co,,
Leitch Collieries, Ltd., Maple Leaf Coal
Co., Davenport Coal Co.,'Crow's Nest
Pass Conl Co., Ltd,, Corbin Coal and
Coke Co., Ilosmor Mines, Ltd., Diamond
Coal Co,, Tho Canadian Coal Consolidated Ltd., and tho Hillcrest Collieries
After somo .discussion It was arranged that suggestions from the minors
should be laid before tho operators
to-day (Friday) morning, this being on
tho distinct understanding thnt oach
proposal from District 18 Bhould bo
conslderod tho basis on which tho negotiations in regard to tho now agreement woro lo bo commonced,
CALGARY, Alta., Mar. 3,^-Tlio' foi-
lowing aro tho domnnds this .morning
placed boforo tho oporators by tho representatives of District 18 U. M. W. of
♦ ♦
-$►     " ATTENTION ! <r
All members of the Imperial
Veterans' Association and.ex-
army" and navy men are earnestly : requested . to assemble
at" the Miners' Hall on' Sunday at 2.30 p.m., for the purpose of attending the funeral
of our late comrade,*-.-B.* H.*
Service will be held in
"Christ' Church (Anglican) by
the Rev. Walton at 3 o'clock.
A. as a basis of negotiations looking to
renewal'of agreement:
1. The fixing of contract ratesnon
all new work before the general agreement is discussed. This applied to
long wall work number- one north
long wall work No.' 1, North,' No. 1
South, No. 2, No. 3, No. 9 Coal Creek.
Also to No. 3,- Michel. Also to No. 8
South, Michel, the latter being in connection with new.work. Also to long
wall Blairmore Mines, Frank Mines
and Bankhead Mines.
2. The elimination of inequalities
in prices paid through the district on
timbering, and the contract mining
rates at Michel Mines No. 3,' 4 5, and
7. Also contract mining rate at
Bear Valley, Lille, Lethbridge, A/R.
and I., Royal Collieries,1 Canmore and
3. The. adoption of general provision of the* agreement as a basis of negotiations, with amendments to be introduced as the clauses are dealt with,
and addition.to be submitted.
provided for in the agreement between the Montana Coal Operators Association and District 27 U. M. W. of A.
with proportionate advances, on all
work not covered by the agreement
mentioned, and the engineers and mechanics classified.
5. An advance of 5.55 percent on
all contract and dead work after adjustments are made. .
6. A uniform price list for. supplies.
7. All agreements to expire on the
thlrty-flrst day of August, 1912,
A long list of rates submitted this
morning on C. N. P. Coal Co. long wnll
work, also pillar and stall at No.' 8
south, Michel; long wnll work at No.
1 nortli, No. 2, No; 3, No. 5, and No. 9,
Coal Creek, and No: 3, Michel. Pillar
nnd stnll work No. 8 south, Mlchol.
' Tho abovo Is forming tho subject of
discussion when we go to press,
W. I-I. nussol, Dist. B. M. from District'10, U M. W. of A., ■which Includes tho Stnto of Washington, left
hero on Thursday to attend tho agroomont mooting at prosont In session In
Calgary, This Is In coinpllanco with
Instructions from International headquarters.
The famous Silver Band of Winnipeg
which visited here.last week met with
great success. ' Both the meetings at
the AIethbdistJ Church and the Salvation Army Citidal were well attended
while the Miners', Hall was packed on
Sunday night.
The proceeds amounted to about
$117 which is to be used for the purpose of continuing the tour and aiding
the local Salvation Army congregations in their labors.
Letter's sent in to thjs office will
not' be published unless the full
name of the correspondent is given,
not necessarily for publication, but
as an evidence of good faith. Use
any pen name you see fit, but
always give name with address.
This rule must be adhered to in
every instance.
We have received a complete detailed report giving the names u and
the amounts' subscribed - for this
worthy purpose but lack of space-pre-*
vents us from printing'a complete
itemization as it was so  generously.
responded to, that it would be easier
to publish the names of' those who
did not contribute, inasmuch as practically all the inhabitants regardless
of nationality joined, ln this treat for
the youngsters.
There wero . 592 children of both
sexes ranging from infancy up to 12
years for whom toys up to the amount
of $697.17 was expended."
Disbursements:  >
A. Kennedy (toys).$697.17
Trites-Wood  Co   ..     3.20
, ,F.  Fisher         2.50
G. G. Melklo ;..     B.G0
incidentals    '     .63
On Wednesday last there passed
away at Blairmore, Alta,, one of the
best, known and' most popular old-
timers in the Pass—Wm. II. Evans.
Deceased was a man every inch-of
him, and although like all the rest of
frail humanity he had his faults, yet
his good qualities far outweighed
them. Never a case of sorrow or
distress appealed to him but with that
rough but rugged hospitality characteristic of those whose own life's journey
has been' over a rough road, he would
cheerfully share whatever he had with
his less fortunate brother. A native
of'Wales, his thoughts wandered toward the great. West shortly after he
had reached manhood, and about, 19
years ago he followed Horace Greeley's
ho was held by his comrades he was
elected President of the Coal Creek
L and A. A. for several terms, also'
occupied official chairs in the local
Union, Gladstone No. 231-1, Fernie.
For the past five years he has followed the duties of checkweighmaiV
and with 'such satisfaction that his
employers (his fellow workers) re-elected him at the last election, although be was at that time away on'a
visit to. his brother in Los Angeles,
Cal., where he went In search of health,
and came'back very much improved.
In addition to being an Oddfellow
and a member of the/LJ. M. W. of A."
he was an active* Socialist, and in his
element whenever the opportunity presented Itself to advocate the cause of
his own class.' Twelve months ago
he was attacked by rheumatism, and
although every effort that medicine
kindly care and change of climate was
put forth that might aid in his recovery, it was without, avail, and on
Wednesday, March lst, the Grim Reaper garnered him in.
He,was only 42 years.and unmarried.
His relatives, as' far as known, consist
of a brother in Los Angeles, a sister,
Mrs. Mary Ann Evans, at Coal Creek.
Mother and step father are still living
in South Wales.
Before he died he had expressed a
desire to be enterred either in Cranbrook or Blairmore, and as he was
at the latter place when death o'er-
took him, his wish will be complied
with and the funeral will take place
on Sunday, 2.30.= Those friends who
desire to pay, the last tribute, of respect are advised that to do so it will
be necessary to leave Fernie on the
Saturday night train as there*-is no
Violations ofthe Coal Mines Regulation Act to be Strictly Dealt
with-Guilty ones Fined
George Derbyshire of Burmis, Alta.,
who was the working mate- of Ed.
Smith, killed some time ago by fall
of,.rock, appeared before J. W. Gresham at Frank; charged with a breach
of the Coal Mines* Regulation Act
in returning to his place after a shot
'had been fired before Its examination
by the fire boss. < He was fined $10
and costs, and the fire boss,* T. Tonge,
whose duty it was.to have returned
and examined the place before operations were resumed, was fined $20
and costs for bis failure to do so.
W. P. Williams, * superintendent of
the West Canadian .Colliery Co.s mine
at Lille, Alta., was fined $40 for a contravention o of the Coal Mines Regulation1'Act for employing a man to act
as fire boss without the. competent
certificate,' arid the man so employed
—John.T. Griffiths—paid $25 into the
government's  exchequer. ,    .
Pearson, a fiie' boss, employed by
the' West   Canadian   Colliery   Co.,   at
Tuofldny ovoning last from fi.30 to
7.30 tho "Puritan Maidens" undor tho
direction of tho Ladles' Aid of tho
IlnptlRt Church -served n genuine Now
England mippor, consisting of brown
brond, bnlcod bonus, cold monts, cookies, doughnuts, pies of ovory vnrloty
nnd other lighter dollcaclos. Tho
tables woro woll supplied, and tho
lnrgo numbers that partook of tho faro
went nway feeling well sntlsflod,.
Supper was sorvod In tho toinpornry
building, nftor which nearly nil adjournal to tho church building, whoro
a woll arranged progrnm of recitations, charactor songs, vocal nnd In-
Htnimontnl hoIoctlonii kopt tho gathering until 10,30, Tho sovornl Items woro
welt hnndlod by tho participants, and
much tlmo must lmvo ooou Hpont In
rehearsing to produco mich oxcellont
results, Tlio choir, now mimhorliiK
some twonty.fotir voloon, woro In flno
volco, nnd under tho ablo direction of
Uov, Thomson did exceedingly woll,
Tho chnlr wns occuplod by Mr. A,
Ihickloy, who takes a great Interest
In thn church nnd social mnttors generally.
The entertainment was In every wny
high class, and while carried out along
tho umiiil lino of mich functions, a
little deviation from Ihu usual wno
provided by Mr. T. Mock In his uoloc*
tions from Dr. Drummond, "Tho old
man's gottln' on" and "TIip wreck of
tho " woro cortnlnly woll rocolvod
and provolcod mnny n good laugh, The
Instrumental renditions woro also a
rnro treat, especially lho violin solos
by Mr. Allen. Messrs. Wright, Onl*
Inmoro and Ratcllffo were also nt, their
best In dlfforont pieces and provod to
ho -mastor*) of tho dlfforont Instruments
usod. ' Tho choir cortnlnly camo In
for a good share of credit for tho sue
cess that hns attended their efforts
on this occasion nnd comoiti'od with tho
osslBtaneo of tho Ladles' Aid, 'Jhould
fool justly proud ovor lho rosultfl of
this, thoir first, Now England dinnor.
The American Demaurez Propeller
company of Coalinga, Cnl., has been
organized by a number of local cltl
zens nnd tho articles of Incorporation
forwarded to Sacramento ob required
by law. Tho officers of tho corporation nro A, IL Demaurez, prosldont;
F, Lnglor, vice-president; IT. E. Ca*
row, secretary and treasurer, and
Fred Emory, Ernest Taylor, I-I. Dub*
born and J .E, Wilcox tho romnlnlng
directors.   ,
Tho propeller bolng made by thc
company Is n Coalinga patent nnd
J lio promoters of tho corporation aro
confldont thnt tho Invontlon will make
Conllngn famous,
(Ed,—It, la evident from tho abovo
clipping tlmt C. O, D. Is still dotorhiln*
od lo mnlco some placo famous with
tho wldoly oxploltod propellor, (ind
doubtlosH his many friends In Snnd*
point, Michel, Fornio, Crnnbrook, Moylo
nnd othor points will watch with Intorost tlio Coalinga vonturo, while on-
torttilnlng tho hopo that It. may prove
moro profitable ns a money-getter thnn
its past record, so far iib tliolr oxporlonco In concerned, Iiiih yot demon,
Our local stnn irtindlrs nr Jubilant ovor tho cup!lira of tho Flolnhrnnn
Trophy from their Crnnbrook compe*
tltorn who hnv hold It for lho pnsl two
Thoro woro four toaniH from onch of
the rival towns, but tho local rink nr*
tialH woro too Htrong for tho Unniinii
Holt holdors, boating Ihem by n mn.
Jority of Ifl points.
Hortram F, Wilkinson, bottor known
nmong IiIh acriunlnlniicOH nH "Wlllrto,"
pnHHod nwny on Thursday at tho Hon*
pltnl, n victim to typhoid fever.
Tho deceased wah at tho tlmo of IiIh
donth on omployoo In a lumbor enmp
locntod oppoHllo Coltnlo, wlioro wo un*
(lorHtnnil thoro nro f|ulto n number of
'peoplo Infected with lho typhoid
Littlo waH known nbout Wilkinson
nn ho wan a mnn of reserve, Ho wnB
nn Englishman, nnllvo of lltillnnd,
nbout thlrty-flvo yonrs of ago, who had
nerved with tho llrltlHh colors abroad,
About flvo yonm ngo ho wnH In thn orn-     Vol,   o>im..—TCli»nheMi iT-wit   nnmi *
ploy of A. K, Watts*nt Proctor, whoro) yonrs nnd I montliH, burled nn Fob. 2fl
arrived .in Colorado. Aftor working
thoro for somo tlmo ho wandorod still
further' West, until nbout 12 yours ngo
ho reached Vancouvor Island, whoro
ho followed his life's occupation, u
minor, nnd shortly tliercnflcr ho cnmo
Into tho Pnss and has lived hero ovor
During tho tlmo Hint ho wns living
lu Hlnck Dlnmond, Wnsh., ho heenmo
n mombor of tlio I. O. O, F„ of which
lodgo ho still belonged when lho flnnl
call reached hlm, Ilo wns pm.Hlon.
ntoly fond of tumhIc, nn Inherent trait
ill ovory WolHlunniii a great or lovor
of ovory kind of honoHl nnd healthy
sport, und whfii In health wiih no
menu ntlilolo hlmsolf.
Am ovidence of tho OHtocin In which
Debating societies have been organized at the two churches,-the Baptist and
the. Methodist, whicli afford an excellent opportunity for tho young people
and some. that are not so young, to
lriip'rove themselves in tlie art of public speaking. One of the subjects
that has already supplied many columns of copy,to the press as well as
food for discussion in the political
"arena—"Reciprocity"—will be still further amplified by local talent Monday
noxt In the Mothodlst Church.
The line-up, as far as known nt present Is:
That "Reciprocity is Beneficial for
Affirmative Negative
Miss Robinson J. W. Qulnnoy
John Gorle J, Robertson
It. N. Clorko 10. Dicker
D. V. Mottt Mr. Hates
' Tho rules of debate aro that each
spenkor shnll bo limited to a maximum of 10 rnlnutoH for his presentation nnd.- flvo minutes for the reply.
Whothcr you bollovo ln lloclproclty or
not you can como nnd show your intorost In tho discussion, nnd tho sponk-
ors will ondoavor to furnish n concrete ovidoneo for Reciprocity by en-
tortnlnlng If not Instructing you,
"Blairmore~was mulcted in the sum of
$5 for non compliance with the regulations In the matter of. shooting.
Tom Rawson, another fire boss, was
brought up, and although the charge
against him was that of handing matches to men ln order to fire their own
shots, owing to an error in making out-
the  papers, the case  was  dismissed
against him, and he was discharge I.,
This last case is one that.offers considerable food for reflection. Let us
suppose that an explosion had happened and any of the mon to whom the
matches had been handed were killed,
what a hullabaloo would have arisen
If they had beon discovered on his
body. -Scare head lines in the daily
papers would greet the eye. "Criminal Carelessness' articles served up
to the' public for the "purpose o.f attaching the blame to the miners, and
yet we have here an Instance of an
Individual whose legal duty it is to
safeguard life nnd- property belli-**; a
party to an action that fortunately
was not succeeded by a disaster.
The above cases were all prosecuted at the instigation 'of Chief Inspector of Mines, J: F, Stirling, and we
hope that the experience of these
law-breakers will have a deterrent ef-
feet upon others. but__!f__no___and_they..
aro discovered,'that, the punishment
meted out will be more severe, as it
is imperative tliat mining, hazardous
even under normal conditions, should
not be knowingly made more so by
wilful disregard of laws and common
A Hpeclal mooting of tho Council was
hold In tlio charnbers on Insl
Snturdny evening, nnd nfter the appointment of J, Mclntyre as nctlng-
mayor during lho ahscuco of A. W.
RIoiihoiIoII, there lining no olhor business, the session ended.
Tho first lentcn nt homo of the
Indies' Guild of Christ Church (An*
Kllcnn) will ho hold noxt Wodnosdny
iiftornoon (March 8) nt tho rosldonco
of Mrs. ,1. H. Lnwry,
li    ..-_   i.«,._<_ I *m_    lit!   |/Ui C'ulniHi   HOS Olid
acres of fruit land. Ilo nlso had
holdings In Alhortn. hut owing to tho
crop failure last sensnn hnd docldod
to work In tho lumbor enrnps during
tho winter In order tn obtnin n little
ready cash lioforo returning to his
plnco In tho Spring. It Is nlso bt>
Iloved thnt ho hnd a fow hond of
Rtock, otc,
Lieut,. Col. McKay Is ranking prepara-
lions for n mllltnry funoral which It
Ih expected will tnko ploco on Hundny
under tho auspices of tho Imperial
Veterans' Association,
District Beard Mimb-ir
The caao of Tlernard JUwson camo
np on Monday before Judge Whims*
ter And wtx» dlsmlMod, the nceusod
b-inif Ri-r-en his lllwrty, Bin-sham wa*
committed for trlnl.
Just aa wo go to press wo learn that
th. cams against W.   fl,   Stanley hns
heen dismissed.
J. V. TiheMm will come up for trial
on TuMday,
from home of piironts Fornio Annox.
The funeral services were conducted
by tho offlcors of th_ Salvation Army,
tho band ffso wns In attendance.
Fob. 2.1.~-T. V. Jiimos, who died In
r,.nr,},rr.r,'!r ,,.,.;.. I;.,*.'*.'*, ir. ,'.'.'" y.r:,il
cemetery. Fathor Mlchols, O.M.I., officiated nt Ihe funeral services,
Mar.'*1.—Allan M, Hondorson, age
2 yenrs and 3 months, son of Mr. and
Mf. Frank Henderson, of Ilollovuo,
Altn. Rev. If. flrnnt, of the 1'resby.
ferfnn Church performed 'he fnnernl
Mnr. 1—At ninlrmnre, Alt*,. Willinm
II, Evnns, *l?. y-ssrs of nge. Funeral nt
niftlrmoTo, Hunday, J-tfnrch rith,
"Mar. 1_—Pertnim H, Wilkinson, na-
tlvo of Rutland, England. Will lie Interred on Sunday afternoon nt Fernie
Secure your teal* early at Mel^an'«
Dm*! Storo for "Lonn Rivers," present-
c4 by the Partello Co., at the Grand
Theatre to-morrow (Saturday) even*
This company nro occupying the
boards this week with a different play
every night. Ono striking feature
evidencing tho versatility of tho play-
ers is the" fact that the leads nro
changed at. every performance "Labor and Capita], or Paradise Lost" was
Moriday night's,attraction, but owing
to an impromptu Introduction of n
deafening character caused hy tho
heating apparatus thawing out nnd
making nn abominable racket, tho play
was mnrrod much to tho ininoyiinco of
both those boforo and those behind
tho footlights.
' Tuesday night "The Virginian" wns
prosonted, Tho rolo of lho leading
gontlomnn wiis handled well, but Ihe
palm should bo given to tho chnraclorl*
station o,f Trampns, wliich struck us
favorably, as lt was n practical re-
plica of nn Individual wllh whom wo
woro slightly ncnunlntod with In Colorado In tho 80's, which wns Htlll fnrthor emphasized by tho sign ovor ono of
tho doors "Ford's Saloon." Stovo
Hliono out on sovoral occiihIoiih. Thoro
Is ono Itom that wo must not pass
over, nnd thnt was tho Introduction or
rnthor debut of lho twins who havo
nt ho early nn ago commenced their
career, Anothor font uro of docldod
local color which grout ly plensod the
gallery gods was the entry nf a local
aspirant, for histrionic fiiino.
Tho Indies' roles all Inckod ginger
wltli tho oxcoptlon of Mrs. Howlo, who
wns coiiHtnntly on the verge of being
vory busy,
WodiioHiIny night's performance 'The
Uluo Mouso," showed up tho entire
troupe In far belter advantage than
lis pi'Oiloc-'iiHHoi'H, iiiid the Hoverul parts
pniirtrnyod were given with vigor nnd
zest, thnl nuide tho evening iuinm nwny
with plenHnnliiesH. Hvorylindy deliver-
ed tliolr monologues with clniirnoHs
of enunciation accompanying tliem
with npproprlnteiw'*.. of gi>nture.
'Must Out of College," filled tlm bill
on Thursday ulght and wiih oxenedliig-
ly woll i;ociilvi'd.
To-night (FrldnyI "The Spoilers"
thin Ih a ilnumUlzutlcm of the novel
of Rox Ilonch which wiih ono of tho
i Kit-iuchi heliriig ih-okh oi tfio day, Ah
'nrnr 'r* i Jn u.1.*.' ..x*.'*. ■■• n_.'] ,',. .;..,*' u<
lure Informed the I bread of the story
I will ho folowod, aud iih It Ih a vlgorou*
j presentation of life in ihe onrly days
i of the gront Northland lu the hands of
i thn member* of tlie «-ompniiv wi« feel
i cc-nlnn-iit ll will be handled iwonrd-
I Ingly.
During   the  punt   week   tliere  lni*,t>J
hpcn two i'iihck of feroi'loiiH nltnrl;s|
i nmdi"-* by  vlelnns cum upon children..
j ono a Ind of l.", Chnrlei King, wan ho,
, ii»l*ti'l|.|>    lllltl-ll   ill   Iin*   ll'K   t It I-t    111.   llinl
j lo ho conveyed to (he liOHpltnl    f»r j
I treatment.     Ano-.her hoy, A. Meyer-**, ■
•nlso received a ..even- mnullng. nnd j
f-e.vernl bltt-H hy a dog. •
In addition lo the nbovo. oilier cltl-1
tens havo complained of tho niennr*
Ing nttltude of curs thnt nro ronmlng
around town and either without owners or not being properly fed, rusMIng
for thfimaelves. and when attempt Is
made to drive them away they show
Tlie removal to the new quarters ini"
tho magnificent structure on Victoria
Avenue, which when completed will
cost In the neighborhood of * $25,000,
Is well undor wny, but it will probably bo.a week henco beforo the staff
will feel themselves completely at,
homo. • -
This Institution began Its commor-
lnl career In X8'>. ns Tlie Homo Sav-
Ings nnd Loan Company. In 1005
tho namo was changed to tho ono
which has now become fuinlllnr
throughout tho Dominion, viz.—Tho
Homo Rank. There are thirty branch-
es scattered throughout Cnnndn, and
as an ovidoneo of tlio faitli In the
future of thu elly thoso who guldo tho
destinies of tho hanking concern established a branch hero In Fernie iih
ii corrobntlon of,tho soundness of the
jiidgrnont dlsjilaycd the Increased volumo of business has compollod thom
to const met for themselves commodious nnd larger premises, hence tho
beautiful new building.
The present general mnnnger, Col,
.InmoH Mason, bus gront fnith In tho
development of the'district, ns ho In
In addition to tho poHltlou niontloncd
Ilkowlso n director of the C, N, P.
Coal Co.
Tho local staff, under tlio efflclont.
management of Mr. .Iniin Adair com-
PiIhoh the following, who are well-
known members of tho community;
F. I). Flnliiyson. J. V. Rudnicki, J. H.
Hnmllton, J, Oliver, H. Hewitt and
Miss llocy,
CoiiiplnlntH have been lodged with
the provincial polico of thefts of provisions from vnrloiiH residents In tho
Annex KxleiiHlnn, TIichm pcculatlims
happen ummlly .•inmewlM-n. between 12
nililiiiKli* and caily iiiunilng, 'I'llere
nrn nIho IiikIiiiii'i's where men In an
iiilvnuei'il Hliile of Intiivlcullnii have,
entered dwellings and Hcnred the 1 mt—
linbltaiitK, On one occasion un Intruder was very forcibly ojectod. but
It In inlvlHiililc that those I'.ullty of
luii'h iiiiii'.lli.'CH Hhould tnko warning
or they may receive n reception thnt
will bo no monns n pleasant ono.
InUrnatlenal Board Mambtr PAGK TWO
Big Victory for Miners
of Colorado Field
Sixteen Miners Sentenced to
__ ' *. i • *
Years Imprisonment
are Released
/eare Responsible''
Refer to^* + + +
' or To anyone ta *-
x Write us about it Way fl
° Boitnow-!!!!!   m
Wi\co\iver B,G.
- DENVBlt, Colo.—Again -the courts
have backed down before, tbe onward
march of labor. The sixteen members
of tlie United Mino Workers who were
sentenced lo a year In jail December
31,' for contempt of court, for violating Judge Whltlord's injunction in
connection with the minors' strike In
northern Colorado, were released from
jail last, week by order of the same
man who sent them to jail.
The workers in this part, of the"
country look upon the release of tbelr
fellow workers as a great victory. A
few weeks ago it was decided to
start a.strenuous campaign in behalf
of tho imprisoned, minors, wlio were
active in fighting the battles of their,
class, and monster meetings were held
in many towns.
Union labor organizations charged
that the court in sentencing the men
for contempt had- found them guilty
of . a criminal charge without jury
trial. As a result of the union labor,
agitation, a petition was presented to
the legislature six weeks ago demanding the impeachment of Judge Whitford. Later 15,000 union men and
women joined in a giant demonstration  against  Judge Whitford.
The strike of the miners, of which
the imprisonment of the sixteen men
was the outcome, was inaugurated
April 1, 1910, at the expiration of the
regular contract period. ;Every effort was put forth in joint conference
in the early days of the strike by the
representatives of the miners' organization to effect a settlement on the
basis of the* Cincinnati demands, but
without success. After the adjourn-
men of the joint convention it soon
became evident that the real purpose'
of the operators was,to destroy, our
organization in this field.      •> ,
Under date of December 29,; sixteen
members were arrested for an alleged
violation" of this injunction.   The trial
of these men was set for Decomber
22. The trumped-up charge against
'these sixteen men was that they had
thc trial was called one of these strikebreakers, who claimed to have been
assaulted, took tho stand, aiid when
asked if he could point out any of the
he said yes, ana proceeded to point lo
men who he alleged had assaulted him,
every one of the sixteen men on trial
The trial proceeded iii this manner
nearly all day, and the next day the
miners had a large number of witnesses to prove that they were not on
the streets of Lafayette at the time
the alleged assault took place. '
A'Short  Order Verdict
After the evidence was all in it took
the judge just a few minutes to render a decision, when he said, in part:
"The evidence seems very conflicting.
No one has been brought to justice*
for this assault. The judgment of this
court is .that each and every one of
these respondents be committed to the
county jail for a term of one year."
He refused bond pending an appeal
to the Supreme Court, and, in accordance with the infamous decision, sixteen members of the organization are
' behind prison bars in the county jail
at Denver. _ „
In commenting on the strike in Colorado recently, Frank J. Hayes, vice*-"
president of the United Mine Workers
said: ,.
"I am of the opinion that the operators of Southern Colorado, which Is
unorganized, are supporting the operators in Northern' Colorado in their,
efforts to destroy our . organization.
But despite the assistance and ■ sup-,
port of all the corporations in * Colorado, this battle will go on until the
miners' right to' belong to the union
of his craft and to receive a living
wage under fair conditions is recognized by every operator in the state."
—New York Call,
By Anita C. Block
YOU Worth
From the
It Isostlmntod Hint
tho uvernj.'i. mnii Is
■• worlli Vi a Jay (rom
Is ho ward) from tlm
neck npt
Tlmt ilejicmis entirely upon iriilnlntr,
If yoti nre trained so
Hint ynu plan nnd
direct work yon mu
-worth ten Hint's ns
much" ns tlio mnn
who cnn woik only
untlcr or.lcrn.
Tho Inliintilaniil
Cotiiic.ndiit.i Scho oil
Co to tl.o mnn who In
stui*.l,'lhi_r .dom.' on
nmallnny nml nny to
lilm, "Wo will trnln
you lor promotion
rlk'lil where you nre,
or we will (inalify
yon to tnko up n
more coiiiicnlnl Una
nf work nt u much
lilirher unlnry,"
ICvury month Bi'v.
drtil hundred st ii-
ilnnto voluntarily
mi'ort iidviincein-mt
nH  thU  lllll'Ct  K-'MlIt
ot 1. C„ S, tri'lnlm,',
You ni-I'd not lenvn
your prinii'tit wink,
or your own home.
Murk Dili coupon a I
once and mall It.
«r   Ki'.
§- t*l
1 iki
+ iNTERrMTioNAi.cnRRi:si|oNs:r,Nri:s(i:(ini.» ♦
J Don 7D9, SL-rimlon, I'.i. ♦
t I'lotl   MpUIn,   wlllmul   lllllll*-!  iilll|> "■ n   nn  i.iy
•       I'.ll. t,in. I run i|U*illly lui » lui.'i > nny ,iii,|       *
_ nJvJiK.'itiflil   tu  lho  t,lull, ,n   tu'liii. *
Willi ll    I    I,am   null r.I   X
•M Willi'
«h.«,|'ii<l Willi,
Wii-1 iv, T'li*i*««r
t„<,ii t,.i.l. . I __.-._,
0,11-litl.Mil D_n-ji.tr
M_>l._>„_.| f ll||!|,,_,
M_ _.,i,.|_*l nullum!-,
t*......i.,.,     ,1
fi. .ifioi Li un>.ur
I'i,.,,-Ul,llu, *J.ml.
. fi'iiMf
* .Slur/ ..,.,/ AV/,.
I Otv.	
llnlllitlili.l tlfNllllilin
Mlilclii'll I*!] >,_.,
Kli icInifatElmMimii'i
[.,>i<|/_.lin #>„l ll 1'iii.r
I u'l'i'.n i'Mntb*.
I     ,1 ll!)!. .a
tl   II, Cui . iiuclnin fi.**,
' . ,i i,'
y,,,„j L-.JII«.,
i* ti i   i
.', ,,,,„..
OOOLfcV ON  HluH  fiiiCLii
Ye'vo tiiuhcd Hi* boost In .j.1< _■».
Whin yo hnd Iohh wtirrk yo nlc lonn
nn* wore nut frnvr-r rlnthes. Whin yo
Kot ii Kti'iuly juh yo raided tli' -grocery
Ktore, th' prlco Iv pork chops took a
sudden leap nn' whin th' proflssor at
Ifnrvnrd wint down to th' foromnn an'
not his pay chock thai had boon ample
while yo xvoro mir-mplfivod ho found
bar'ly enoii(?h In It to pay lh' butcher
Milt*.. Whlu lull iiilllyoii Iv tli* HI«.'i
Iv yo KetH twcniy-flve contH j^ day
more pay ili-cm's Juki that much added
lo what It coiitB everybody to live."
"nm whnt um I koIii' to do about
'Some pollyilcal pronomlniH nre In
fnvor Iv yo'ro not 'ntln'.' nnld Mr.
Ik-oU.y. "I wud *»y utop wurrukln'
If It  Kites ye »uch nn appltllo.'
(Place.   The   Modern   World.   Time:
THB MAN (after scrutinizing the
woman long and carefully): Well,
you certainly have'changed. I should
hardly have known you.
* THE WOMAN (quietly): Yos, I
have changed, I am an entirely different woman from what I used to be,
Bui how can you discover that just
by looking at  me?
THK MAN: Why, your appoaranco
Is so changed, You look so much
moro capable nnd Independent. Your
figure looks so healthy nnd senslblo
Your clothes look so dignified and
simple. Don't you wear nil those
fancy fluffy things nny moro Ihat you
used to wear?
Till-: WOMAN: No, indeed, Why
how would I look doing my .work and
nl tending meetings all docked out In
feathers and laco with a liny squeezed
In wulst, nnd wearing high Froiich
heels?     Wouldn't It bo ridiculous?
Til 10 MAN (thoughtfully): Yes,
lt. would ,bo ridiculous, no you know
I hnvon't quito got I on used to tho Idea
yot of your liolng nut In tho world
work? It Isn't such nn easy thing to
adjust. onoHolf to n rntlonal chango llko
TUN WOMAN (drily) ;■ No, tho ml*
Justnu'iil on your part .lr-r-niR tn hn
rathor n difficult proponlllon. .hit
you're grndually realizing Ihnl, tho
i-haugo In quite Inovitublo, nroii'l. you?
TI110 MAN (slowly): Yoh, I'm
afraid I nm. Hut, himcHtly now. Is
It really n groator pleasure in Im
knocked nbout In the world than in
nil (.oiiiforluhly ut homo with Ini a nf
Inlmire nnd wllh Homebody olso getting kniii'ki'd nbout you?
TIIH WOMAN'! Your qiir-mhii i<<-
qiilniH two Hopimilo iinnwm'H, In llm
first plnn* , yon, li Is Inflnlti'ly lid lor
to go thinitgh lift' tin n hiiiiinn lining
lining liiimnn work In u human world,
Minn lo chu out tlio oxliil men of ll
fi-innl'* piiriiHlIn, doing female drudnory
In a niun'ii world, In I lie hcpoiiiI plnco,
Mu' viihi intijnrlty (.f women dei nnl
lmvo "lots of Irlmiri-" nt homo, but are
nolhing but hniiseliold dnidgcn, i*.l villi,
up tliolr llvi>H to potn nnd puns nnd
bnbloi!      Ir, inn third place,  fnr It
. '._      n    •■ , ,,„r   M,i./,f, ni|i"i.i«.ii In i.nuv
r\tii.«llnnn, wninnu him found Ir. hu-
mllliatliig to llvo her lifo, by proxy,
■ ih ll won). She lias dlsrovetcd tliat
hin.. Is quite Intelligent ftiough lo llvo
bur llro directly limtcad of Indirectly,
She profiTH the solf-ri'Hpnct Mint cnmoR
,       i„ i..   . *
being economically Independent, und
nf voting liersidf, liiuuely nf beliiR poll-
tlMilly liidiipeiidcDt. f.he--but you nro
tint  listening!
THK MAN (onlhimliu'tically) Indeed, I wim listening! Only .inst
M-.i-ti I v-'(i.| (hliil'lug hnw wplendld it
Ih lo bo ablo to talk to it woman like*
Mild. Thoro Ik nil lho lliinri'i'T nnd
Htuntiliiii of talking tn n mnn plm*. till
the rharm and plenHiiro of tnlkin*-. lo
a v. o man.
THK WOMAN (Hminitg, vn'. nciious)
I'xictly, for tho chango In mn rti,cs
not mean tha*-*, the sext's will bo I'.vcl-
cd tliat rev, dlffi.'fcnco*! nnd <wv nt-
irantlons will tonne. You »vld«ni|y
iiieii'l In tlin least ropcllcd by me bf-
laiiKO I'm not decked out like a peacock nud r!irising to your firm nnd
gazing "^"oo_ii'MTisiil~infO—y"o"uT"~ey"esr
You are'nt in the least repelled by me
because I'm talking to you as your
equal about the serious questions, of
life. It's our brains that are gradu-'
ally getting to be sane, human brains,
instead of over-sexed male brains and
over-sexed female brains. But we'ro
a man and a woman for nil that, and
do you suppose Love Is going to die
because we can intelligently discuss
the great social problems of the day
THE MAN (smiling, yet serious).
No, I'm quite convinced that Love,
far.from dying is going to develop into
ii bigger and healthier cherub than he
has over been beforo. For the moro
I talk to ,you the moro I fool drawn
to you—tho more I llko the chango in
you.. y
THIS WOMAN (gravely): Do you
know why you feel liko tliat? Be-
causo you yourself havo changed.
THE MAN (Incredulously): ' I?
Why how havo I changed?
THR WOMAN: Do you suppose
thnt. Iho change In mo hnH left you
unchnngod? Would you fonnely have
considered the conversation w'o've just
hnd a "pleasure"? Would ynu formerly have listened wllh Interest nnd
respect to my nrgumcnls? Would
you formerly hnvo considered a discussion soloy nbout mo worth your
Tina MAN (uncomforlnhly): Woll,
Till*. WOMAN (wllh gront flwoet-
Hess): Why, I'm not finding fault
with you. I'm nltogolher too happy
In your prosoul, attitude lo worry us
both with lho past. Why. tho very
way ynu look nt mo Is different, vou
mod my cycB with the look of a comrade, not. with tho look nf n mnlo, who
sees In womnn*merely Ihul, which can
grnllfy his doidroH. And you don't
lu tho lonst want to hoo mo dresHod
up llko a silly doll nnd embroidering
yutii' pocket litniilliorclildfH, Toll inn,
iRiit' It true that you have rrnchnd
tho point whoro you want woiiinn to
bu your equal, your koen, ciipablii,
triiHtworlhy, Hclfn-ellaiil coniradi.?
'I'lIK MAN' (wllh grout onruoHliiohh)
Yoh, cum rndo, II Is true,
' * By Moses Oppenheimer
Among many other things of which
labor organizations. are accused by-
mouthpieces, of capitalism is the restriction of output. That is held up
before 'the world as one of the most
wicked and indefensible tricks of labor leaders.        l
Isn't it worth while to take up this
indictment'for consideration? For,the
sake of argument* let us admit that
certain labor unions practice a restriction of output, though the field for
that practice is limited lo branches of
work where the Individual worker and
his ability still count as factors, like
bricklayers, clothing cutters, typesetters, and so forth. Where, on the other
hand, the process of work is in the
main determined-by machinery, and
the worker simply has become the
servant and appendage of ■ the machine, he is practically powerless to
regulate or restrict the output.
But in so far* as the workers of today are still able to restrict the output, they by no means are able to restrict or prevent the production bf
commodities. Capital, controlling machinery, raw material and labor power,
settles that point. It can and "does
determine how much* of any kind of
production it wants. " It regulates the
ouput by the use of more or less machinery and labor power.
What restriction, if any, is then
chargeable to labor?,,. Surely not the
restriction' complained of.
Whenever organized workers effectually practice what is called restriction, they are actuated by two laudable
motives; to place a "limit oir the" intensity of labor, in'order to husband
Iheir own strength, their ability to
work, also to obtain a more equitable
distribution of the work among the
ready workers.    „
In other words, workers do struggle
against overwork that would use them
up prematurely, as slave drivers of a
certain type used up the, slaves; or
they look out for their unemployed
brothers in an effort to secure employ-,
ment for them.
What tliey restrict, therefore, is not
the output of commodities,* but the
■imofiLQXithe capitalist class derived
wfcJra  Minard's
^mBim&&i&$p Lmiment
■"tSSOasTa C.C.RIC;
August 6-11.
45  Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
0 J. L.   GATES, Prop.
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed  $5,575,000
Capital   Paid  Up    $5,575,000       Reserve Fund :,.$5,575,000
D. R. WIL.KIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
;,    -        Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. '
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH   _   ••   ' GEO. I.'B. BELL, Manager
of Munro's Venerable Scotch Whis-
* key.    There's a flavor of "The Blue
Bells of Scotland" in every glass.   *
so that when your friends or yourself feel like having a highball you'll
have the real thing and not a smoke
flavored imitation.
Fernie.  B. C.
1 and well seasoned is every
square foot of lumber in our
stock yard. You will find all
the various woods used for all
kinds of
here.     Our lumber is all new
stock, and It will stand all sorts
of  weatlicr,  better  than  most
kinds.    ■ <••*
Our prices mean a saving for
the individual or contractor who"
looks to us for his building material, i
from overwork through the process of
speeding, They resist slave driving.
Hence the rage,"'
* Real restriction of output that is
detrimental to the welfare of society
is the restriction for which capitalism
is responsible. " For to capitalism restriction is absolutely essential. It is
part of the system. It is a most important element in the production of
profit. As has been shown time and
again, the life principle of capitalist
production Is not the creation of an
abundance of useful commodities; but
the creation of profit for the capitalist.
Tho welfare ,of society mny go to the
devil so long ns fnt dividends como out
of the process of production as regulated by capitalism.
Hence capitalism never for a moment Is troubled by conscientious
scruples whon profits cnn be secured
by a restriction of output. , That sort
of restriction is one of the life principles of the modern Trust, Nor Is it
an Innovation In lho capitalist code of
ethics. II. was already practiced nd-
vlsodly centuries ngo by tho Dutch
Enst India Compiiny, when that concern hnd secured a monopoly In tlio
trndo of Hplcos, The output was caro-
fully limited so that high prices could
ho maintained, Plnnttitions wero destroyed nnd acreage limited In order
lo achieve lho desired end.
In our own day, time mid ngnln
shlplonds of vegotnblos arriving In
Now York hnrhor whon tho market
was already supplied wero dumped
Into the son in order to prevent, n sudden drop In prices. Hero la oven
moro tlmn rest rlctlon—d est ruction of
the created product,
For Rovornl years the capitalists In*
toiTstwl In the supply of coffoo have
worked the gnmo of restriction of output to the limit,
Among the coffee growing count
trios, nrnv.ll nowadays occiiplos tho
mont lmportnnl plnco, She produces
about Iliroo-qiinrtorB of tho total
world Hiipply. Ono of tho hIiiIch of
Hrav.ll, Um Htato of Stio I'nuln, pro-
iIiicoh nbout fiO to 110 per cent of Ihe
ly kept high. The bankers interested'
in the scheme must see to it that.the
world "supply of coffee remains limited, restricted. ' Their profit depends
on that restriction. A committee controlled by them regulates the.'.whole
f.?-..0-T_o cf cnlc^. *
There you have capitalist-monopolist production for profit in all ' its
essentials;.restriction of output, regulation of sales, fixing of prices. Tliere
you have also, the machinery of the
slate acting as the"too] of the profit
takers,        **
Do you see the difference in the
■two kinds of restriction of output?—
New York Call.
8   "   • *■',   '■*
I Prepare for Fa
DOW,   FRASER   &   CO.,   LTD.
In another column will bo found
tho advertisement of Messrs. Dow,
Fraser & Co,, Ltd., of Vancouver, Oen-
crnl Flnnnclnl Agents, Dow, Fraser
and Co. aro an old established company, having been doing business in
Vancouver for tho Inst eleven years.
They 'handle trust funds ln large or
small amounts with absolute"Security
lo lho Investor. On savings'deposits
Interest Is nllowed nt •! por cent credited monthly, and, mny bo withdrawn
nt any time by cheque. Flvo per cent,
Intorost. is pnld on tlmo deposits.
Tlieir snj'ety doposit. boxes provide nb-
solute safety for vnlunblos and fiocuri-
tins, Tlio latest annual financial
statement of tho compnny shows assets
ovor liabilities to the public of $8,".,-
A magazine with a now hiiiiio, "I'rli-
Ish Columbln," unlil recently called
"Man to Mnn" renchod us this wcok.
and It Is whut Ur titlo Indicate, u
pureyor of newn and vIowr for which
this provlnco stntids pre-eminent. Tho
first nrtlelo, the Ynlo Cariboo Wngon
Hond, depicts* ncencn I lull nre memorable lu lho hlHlory of the groat gold
excltoinont of tho onrly UOr. The
growth and development or.North Vnncouvor Is doscrlbod In brief, with Illustrations of scenic bi'iiutlcH j'ound lu
Iih neighborhood onil-cHisli iho urilcl..,
Thero are n number of othor nnd np*
pi'oprlnlo HketchoH nil of whldi go in
mnko up a niiignv.luo of local coloring
Unit   should • coniiiintid   tho  upimvl.i-
We have just cleared our. summer stocft-'out and now~_we" aro"
ready to fit you up for the winter from head to foot. If you are
looking for the future and Intend to -save your money purchase
your goods from nis. We have just bought the stock of Mr. James
Haddad and now we*arc carrying a very large stock of ladles' and
gents' furnishings. Trunks and. valises, iii fact, everything for
men, women and children,
Our $1,25 Sweater Coats havo no equal, Our $1.75 Pen Angle
Undersuits have them all beaten.
Our Suits are just the kind you need i'or stylo and durability.
We carry a large assortment of Boots and Shoes, the best selection that money and brains can buy.
Noxt lo Wigwam Oiiiuly Storo Noxt lo Xortliuru Holo
A Good Idea in Hair
The trouble with' mont womnn'H Imli
li that they won't tako the tlmn to
live It proper treatment, ir you wnnt
vour hulr to have thnt look of limtre
nu) vitality, you mutt Uko (turn ur It.
You cannot expuot to have Hphiii-lld
hair If you limply run a com)) tliroiiKh
It in tne morning—vivo tt a tlab un
tha outer edge with
Hair le like any other -frowlnir thing
-U.nee-Ie attention—It needs cure—il
ne "Lena  Riven"   on    Saturday
evening at the Grand Theatre.
whole supply,     During the Inst    dc
riulo of the nineteenth   ccii.Miry ||.».i**nn of every llrltlsli ('nliiinlilnii
production    of   roffeo was r-xtondod i
enoriiinuHly    lu    llrnxll    und  i'oiihii-
iliiontly tho prlco of the producl  dc*
croiiHod rapidly ,    Tho coffee plnntnrn
tburi'iipon    hi'i'iiiuH   iilnriiiul.     Tiny
called upon lho stale for aid.   Slops
wnro taken io limit, tho planting of
coffee trooH.    A heavy tax upon new
plantation)- wim ImpoHod,
Hut tlmt Ki'diioil not Hiifflclenl to
keep up prices.   So the mule wus In-
.HiMl io levy nlno n heavy export, tax  \KWV ^JTi1,.,* .VT^W
upon coffee and to Hum the quauiity , head—Jab tn a tew hair plm—and lot
.(dal mmW    lw   c.\|,./d.tJ lo U',0','1,.,/,.',./), H B*n »l thai.
jbngH.     Kvjiorlf-.   nbovo   thai ijinmtlty'
hnd to pay nn extra 20 per cent of
export, duty.
Still Iho price kopt, on sinking. Now
the coffee iilnnieri wnnt further. Thev
provnllcd upon Hie stnln to create n
regulnr Coffi-o Trust. The stnto of
Hno Paulo negotiated with a group of
Ititernntloiinl bimkoiR for a largo loan
to finniice the trust, With lho money
Unix obtained the slate bought gradually 8,000.000 hngH of coffee to tho
vnluo (if nbout $80,000,000   .
This coffee Ih stored nwny In state
warchfitiKCH. only small qiiiintHlew ol'
It nre allowed to como Inlo tho mar*
hei at times when *mh nalon will not
make the prlccx go down.
Of counte. If the coffee harvest U
j-rfvor, lho utorod tottao will command
n good price, Hut If the now harvest,
fn abundant, i|._n tho Rtnred rottto
ennnot Iin sold, ulnre ll would lend to
mnko the i|iiotiiilons of coffee* d.op.
Thu» lhe prl-j* of (Otto* I* ar'Iflrlal-
Fernie Opera House
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
niedt thorough groomlnr rejti
not only the hair but the acalp.
If you have the time nnd patlenct
you won't need any hair tonlo—but
moat women haven't,   Tho ne>t Iikbi
tM-riii*'   It.   Vw*Ve   Tltreiitonp      -ft   tf   ft*-*
thing* offered to take the placi
f houn of oombinr and -bruihlng*,
It tonee up the rooti, brlghtena the
re and
_._.  thi
ItiUy gracefully where It ia" put.
TJreul—   •r'-~*'-  	
Iflriutone  literally
. _ .        j>ut.
revltalliei   the
eoior, Improvei .the teiture
lone   111
•fleeted hair,
four Nyal Druggltt cheerfully reo-
For Bulo and Ounrnnteod by
Om for etch wtrydty tilmwt
Wm. F.Rr.hwiflj:, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
■n_. H        	
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay B_J__
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
8l BuSI-ders
♦ ♦
♦ -  ♦
♦ Owing to the Mlnei at Coil   ♦
♦ Creek only being partially ep* .♦
♦ erated, and the number of Idle  ♦
♦ men very large, all worker*   •_*•
♦ are requotted to etay away   ♦
♦ from Fernie until further «d*  ***>
♦ vleed. D. HEE3,     ♦
♦ Secretary <•>
Open fui1 nil kiiuln of IiiihIihihk,
in tlii'lr Hue
Addroia Box 07        Pornlo
nnr Hiipplled with  the he«t Wines,
L!<-iim*n nud ClRiir«
•4* fc***********^^
*    *~ ■ ■      - - * ' •        >— ■■•■■• r/jg Practises of the., %
Landlord in the 18th^   %
Century—Wow, Wow.    %
Scotland under Feudalism
v y w wy y y y¥ Y¥ ¥¥¥ WW V ¥¥ YH
The development of Peace Conferences and Hague Arbitration Courts
is evidence of the fact, that" even to
..the bourgeoisie,^ national animosities
with the burden of taxation,"expensive    armaments, - Stock ' Exchange
! panics,* and all the. other evils which
they involve,* are-felt to" be an«in.-'
tolerable' incumbrance    from    which
they would fain escape, if they could:
Under these circumstances, one would
naturally expect that the Inventor of
new nationalities and the reviver of
. national feuds long dead, 'would  ex-
- pose themselves to the risk of being
lynched as public enemies. •   Unfortunately, however, these tiresome mis-
chiefmakers not only carry out their
malign mission without personal, danger, but generally manage to secure
• for' themselves a crowd- of admiring
followers. and  disciples.
■ For the last little while certain
parts of Scotland have been suffering
from attempts to raise' the ghost of
Scottish Nationality. . The thing itself
has been defunct for over two centuries, but ils spectre, like that of
13anquo, is raised from tho' tomb from
time to time, and made to shake its
■ gory locks at the wicked Sassenach.
It is an undignified bogie—a whining,
querulous   creature,   aud  utterly  <le-
. void of any sense of humor.
Seven  or eight years ago  its  de-
, votees initiated a crusade against the
form of the royal title, demanding
that the, king.should call himself Edward the First Instead of Edward the
Seventh. The- movement fell utterly flat. Commonsense Scots bad too
, little enthusiasm' for tho monarchy to
care a straw whether the then occupant of the throne called himself Ed-
* ward* the Seventh or Jeremiah the
Nine hundredth  and  ninety-ninth.
Foiled iti this, the next step, was to
initiate an agitation against the use
of the term England as applied to
Great Britain.     Unfortunately, a pro-
"' longed spell of bad trade and unemployment set* In about this time, and
the unpatriotic worker, too busily engaged either in, looking for a job or
in keeping one if he. had it .allowed
Mils energies to?be absorbed in this
trivial' pursuit, and failed to respond
to the appeals of. the patriots. The
low-spirited proletaire appeared to be
" quite indifferent whether, the land in
wliich he enjoyed the blessing of occasional employment were called England, Scotland, or Timbuktu.'_ The
latest move of the crusaders has met
with  a  greater  measure of. success.
, Thoy have managed to induce the Scot-
'tlsh ' Education Department, to institute the teaching of Scottish his-
_, tory. inlo Scottish schools—or rather
to stuff a large, amount of that sub-
lum than had previously been tlie case.
Scottish history, as understood by
the patriot, Is a farrago of romaiitic
balderdash which has ho basis in fact
nnd had none in fiction either until
Sir Walter Scott wrote the Waverley
Novels and the Tales of a Grandfather. Its adoption by the Education
Department would amount to a national misfortune were it not for the
fact, that most of us have "a praiseworthy propensity for forgetting the
greater pnrt of what wo learnt In
schools, whether It be doctrinal theology or fictlous history,'
■ Generally, * speaking tho working
clnss movomont in Scotland can nfford
to ignoro the various antics of Uio
Scottish patriots. Like tho Legitimist Longiio and tlio Fellowship of the
Whito Rose, tho movomont Is recruited almost entirely from llio upper nnd
middle clnss, and hns prnctlcnlly no
Influonco nmong the -working men.
The only patriot who ovor gots near
ovon (ho outer fringe of tho I_nhor
movement Is Mr. .T. Morrison Davidson, nnd no ono Inlaw hlm vory sorl-
mi niy.
l.ntoly, however, "Forwnrd," tho organ of the Scotch T.L.... hns tnkon
the patriotic iiiovomont'/undor Its wing.
■ It has oponod Hh columns lo Mr. .1
Mormon Davidson, nnd hns nttempt-
ed with somo degree of suceexfi to
gnln tho support of the Highland
l.uii'1 I.eigne, nnd to lock Ihls ohhoii*
tlnlly rencllonnry movomont on to
the I,._.r\ Mr. Morrison Dnvldson Is
not. 'dolmtonblo,' nnd his rnnt cnn bo
piifisod ovor iib ho 'much wnatoil npneo
In the columiiH or "Forwnrd," hut. I
Htrongly protoRt ngnliiHt. the nBHocIn*
lion of Soclnlism In Scotland wllh n
biiclcwnri] nKrnrltm movement, nnd with
wild, tit HfihonioH for tho ropntrlntloti
of tho luiHnltle nnd inotiiiiiorplile rocks
of the Holirldei. nnd Iho Wostorn Highlands,
In tho Issuo of "Forward" for April
2nd. I find n roport of u body calling
lltiolf hy (lie fonrHonin title of Coiminn
linn Albuiinneli, whleh being Interpret,
ed Ih lho BkuIh' Society. From nil
explanation glvon In llio corroHpon**
donee column I gnlhor Ihnt thin body
moot*. In London, No Information Ih
Klvon ns lo tho cliarnctor ot Uh mem
bership whether, it be working class
or middle class, but from internal
evidence contained in the report of its
proceedings, I am strongly of the opinion that the Comunn nan Albannach
is composed of home-sick bank clerks
of Highland extraction.,, On this occasion the main business of the meeting was a lecture* on "Our. Scots" Ig-
nobility," delivered by a gentleman
styling himself Coinneach Og Mac-
Coinneach. Don't be alarmed. It
is merely a Mr. Kenneth Mackenzie,*
junior, who has translated himself out
of common sense into Celtic. . With
the greater part of Coinneach* Og's
lecture I am in perfect agreement. He
acknowledges his indebtedness for his
.material to "Our Old Nobility," a book
by Thomas Johnston, Editor of "Forward," which was favorably reviewed
in the columns of "The Socialist" some
little time ago. '* But when he comes
to his peroration he heaves at our
heads a chunk of Scoto-Ccltic patriotism0 of. the crudest description, and
cramful of even more historical inaccuracies to the square inch than is
customary" in the effusions of Scottish
Nationalists—and that is saying a
great deal. To avoid being accused
of misquotation, I give it in full.   *
/'The root:cause of the present day
evils'of landlordism In'Scotland is the
union with* England. Even before the
Union of the Crowns, England had
started on her downward career, she
had been infected by the spirit of
merchantilism, and out of that grew
imperialism. Scotland was dragged
along in the Juggernaut car of Empire. Our interests as Scots are separate from those of England, and for
that reason there should be political
separation. If we wish to see the
depopulated glens once more Inhabited by thousands of men and women,
living in comfort and happiness on
the produce of their own industry, we
must all go body and soul into the
struggle for complete separation from
England.   , *
Let us start with tlie, Lowlands first
of all. Among all the grievances
which th'e peasants of the French Revolution complained against when they
burned the chateaux and carried- the
heads of nobles upon spikes, .there
is not a single one which cannot be
found exactly duplicated among the
Scottish peasantry at the beginning of
the eighteenth century before the union of the English, and Scots Parliament . The manorial court, rents
paid ■- in kind and based upon terms
so indefinite as to admit of continual
additional exaction, corvee or. forced
labor, and the manorial mill, to which
all tenants were bound to bring their
grain to be ground and pay the laird's
ing when tbe Union took place. The
only feudal privilege that is not to
bo found is tho unspeakable infamy
of the jus primae noctis, the right
which the feudal superior had to cohabit with each bride born on his
estate on the first night after lho wedding. But even In France this institution lind long ceased to exist.
Fletcher .of Saltoun, willing in 1(508,
nine years before the Union, says:
"Thore nre at. this day two hundred
thousand people begging from door to
door. And though the numbor of them
bo porhnps doiiblo lo whnt it was formerly, by reason of this present great
distress, yet in all times there have
beon about one hundred thousand of
these vngabonds, who havo lived without any regard or subjection either to
the laws of the land, or ovon those
of God and nnl uro." The only romody
lie proposos for thla Is the Institution
of serfdom, tho nuthorlslng of tho sol-
zuro of vagrants, ns "perpotunl servants," In making this proposal
Fletcher was not* without, precedent,
In this blissful Scottish Arcudlu of
pro-union dnys, minors and Htiltors
wero literally hondsmon, slaves of tho
mlno, who, could bo hunted nnd drugged bnck to slavery it thoy trlod to
OHcnpo, This liiRtltutlon continued
until tho beginning of the nlnoteonth
century, so Hint It was neither mndo
nor iiimindo by tho Union, If all
tlio evils of landlordism In Scotlnnd
were duo to tho Union with England,
how Is lt that wo find Micro slavish
InslltutloiiH In existence before the Union took place—how dobs It come
nbout Hint two huixlrod IhouHiind pooplo—a fifth of tho population, woro ln
n Blnte nf doHtlliillnu Dnns Coin*
nench Og rogrot. tho dnys when the
Scotch poiiflant. wiih forced to carry liln
onts. to the mill to which liln ofitnto
wiih "thirled," and lo pay n double
feo If he look II elHowliere (If tho mill
stream wero dry) ntul fined If ho Hold
IiIh grain ungroiind? If ho, IiIh ptiR-
hIoii for tlio romnntlc pant must he
Sponklng of Hie mniioi'lnl court, Mr,
II. (1, Clmlinni wrlleH ni) followH*—
'There were over a hundred Comtn of
Ilegullty, In which the gront ownorH
of land throughout. Scotlnnd profiled
as hereditary barons or sheriffs, having power to sentence all criminals
in their domain. ■ The baron or his
bailie presided over fifteen assessors
as jury, and he could.wield the right
of punishment: of- pit or gallows—to
hang or imprison.' This tremendous
power he held, bound by no legal process, restrained by no fear, and guided
by no precedent. However, wrongly
he might,, abuse his right, It could not
be"withdrawn,'for-it came by charter,
was inherited by birth,* and yet could
be sold at will.. Especially high-handed and rigorous were these barons or
chiefs of the Northern and Highland
counties, where the voice of public,
opinion ,was never heard, and from
which the grievances of victims were
never borne. Whatever verdict the
baron desired wa§ obsequiously given
by the servile tenants or humble tacksmen who formed the jury. If he was
a friend, the prisoner escaped scot
free, however clear his guilt; if he was
a foe, he was condemned, however
clear his innocence" (Social Life of
Scotland in thc Eighteenth Century,
chapter XIV.)
* I should like Coinneach to give us
some litttle information as to .those
glens where "thousands of men and
women lived in comfort and happiness" in pre-Culloden days. ■ To me
,t.iey are unknown. The few Low-,
land or.English travellers.that mado
their way into the Highlands during
that period are unanimous in their
testimony of a condition of squalid
poverty among the masses of the
Celtic population, only equalled to-day
in pur most sordid slums. In' addition to the sterility of the soil, the
agricultural methods and appliances
were of the- most primitive and hack-
ward typi3—and, as compared with the
productivity of the land; the Highlands
were evory where. over populated. It
is nonsense of Coinneach to say as he
does in an earlier part of his lecture,
that before i/45 "there was no such
thing as private ownership of land."
That was undoubtedly true at one
time,, but for at, least two centuries
before 1745 the chief was In almost, all
cases a landowner with feudal powers.
The act of 1748 dld'not make the chief
a landowner—he was that already. It
merely abolished his hereditary jurisdiction and other feudal privileges.
Whatever enormities may be. laid at
the charge of the English Parliament,
and they are many, it certainly cannot be blamed for introducing the institution of private property in land
into the Highlands. Take any history
of. the last Jacobite Rebellion you
choose, read any record that are extant of the trials of the rebels In court
and you constantly'come across the
nation "tacksman of Stewart of Ard-
shiel," "tacksman ot Macdonald of
Kinsburgh," etc. What was a tacksman? He was a man of substance to'
whom the chief had leased out all or
part of his estate, to save himself the
trouble of rent collecting. Tho tacksmen might or might not use a part of
tho land so leased for his own purposes; What, he certainly did ■ with
most of it was to let it out In small
plots to, tenants at will who In return
paid a rent for it. Why,"In the name
of,common sense diet the clansmen
pay a rent to the chief through the
tacksman if "there was n'o such thing
as property In land?" In addition to
this rent, the tenants had lo support
a warrior caste, the "duiuiio wnssnls,"
or gentlemen- who formed tho chief's
"fighting tnll." Those corresponded
to the mon-at-nrms and retainers of
the English barons of lho fifteenth
century. Theso fine fellows never,
soiled tliolr lunula with anything so
bnse as physical toll, Homicide and
cattlo stealing woro the only pursuits
Rufflclontly genteel to suit their lofty
InstCH. Tlioso fighting men owned no
lnnd, hnd lit(lo personal proporty',' nnd
looked on lnbor,as degrading, but. (hoy
had the right oi quartering.UioiuboIvoh
nnd living upon tho subject clnss, It
Ih sheer rubbish to Rny that, tho mon
who followed tho chief In bnttlo represented the adult mnlo population
of the clnn, who milled round tliolr
lender onl of pure loyalty and dovo-
tion. The chlof'r following wno composed of Ills own I ruined fighting cocks
—lho Allan llrccks nnd Evan M'Com-
hlchs of fiction. The low ensto plebeians who worked to support tho
chief nnd IiIh banditti nlno attended,
but It whh In the capacity of gllllOH,
Riitlorfl, nnd rump followei'H.
And "our Interest;, ns Scots nro no-
pitrnlo from Uioho o£ England"? TIiIh
Ih ho Inofrnbly silly that It hnrdly
cnllR for rofutntlon, Ar wnrkliigmen,
whothor wo bo EurIIhIi or Scotch.our
InteroHtH are comiiioii boonuso wo
have a common otiomy to face, long-
Hull nnd Scotch cnpltiillHin nro Inextricably Ititermlxod  nnd  Intermingled,
lOngllHli flrniH have., liriinchoH In
Scotlnnd, and Scotch flrniH hnvo
brunches In England,    lOugllRh capi
talists have shares in Scotch .firms,
and, vice versa. A' Scotch worker
can'stay in Scotland just so long as
he can find some one to exploit him.
If he cannot, he must migrate to England, or some other* part of the world,
as hundreds of thousands of them have
done. ..English workers, for similar
reasons, have to migrate over 'the
Tweed or wherever a job offers. As
capitalist society and its workings become more complex, the legislative
machine at Westminster shows signs
of becoming overloaded with business'.
That may or may not lead to the creation of local and provincial legislative ^assemblies In Wales, Scotland,
and and elsewhere, in order to relieve
the pressure. In any case it will
make" little .difference to * the working class of either country, nor will it
affect their essential unity and interdependence. • To say that we must
confine our interests and outlook to a
country from which any one of us
may .be driven within a month in
search of work, and that we must endeavor vainly to separate our interests from those of our fellow-workers
across the Tweed is simply ridiculous
moonshine. .,   "
In case Coinneach Og should think
mat I am a malevolent Sassenach,
full of Teutonic racial prejudice against the true and tender North, let
mo hasten to add that 1 am a Gael
on both sides of the family, that I
can remember, meeting in boyhood
aged relatives of my own who could
speak no other language than Gaelic,
that at the present moment some of
my kinsmen are engaged ih cultivating a.wretched strip of land on an
Thvernesshire hillside, working rather
harder than convicts, trying to make
a living out of land that would never
be cultivated under a sane social system; , wasting their lives in an unceasing struggle to resist the "encroachments of the heather and the
bracken. If it came to comparing genealogies. I can back myself to produce
as many efficient and energetic homicides and cattle thieves among my
forebears as ahy Mackenzie in Kintail,
or out of it. My forefathers were
"out" in four Jacobite risings, and
shed their blood (and that of other
people) at Kllliekrankie, Sheriffmuir,
Glenshlel, and.Culloden. Consequently, I could out-Coinneach Coinneach in
exuberant Celticlty if I were to wallow
as' he has done, In atavistic emotions.
Luckily I, got rid of all this romantic
fudge when I emerged from my teens
and began to study my class Interests
and the facts of history. Accordingly, when a patriotic fellow-Celt, drunken with sentimentality and' blinded
with visions, of what never existed,
assures me that,
"From the lone shieling on the misty
island       *   '.*"
Mountains divide us and a waste of
■' seas,".
my answer is that I'm confoundedly
glad of it.     It .(fan't be ,far enough
away for me, unless as the scene df
_a_su.ni.m__r holiday.     If I were offered
In the tittle Hulton Colliery Disaster-Many
Makes Home Baking Easy.
4 Gives nfcer, better food than baker's.
There is no baking powder like it
for hot biscuit, hot breads and cake.
Made from Pure Grape Cream of Tartar.
the choice of serving a penitentiary
sentence and cultivating the ancestral
croft for a livelihood," I should not
hesitate for a moment. I would fall
upon Uie warder's neck and accept.
His Majesty's hospitality as the lesser
of the two evils,
Our indignation against the atrocious cruelty of thc landlords ln the
methods by which they drove the Gael
from the land Is a perfectly sound sentiment and fully justified, but it. ought
not to lead us on to cruelly reactionary projects for the recreation of a body
of peasant owners stunted in body and
soul by the heart breaking struggle
to gain a livelihood In a croft among
the rocks of tho Hebrides or lho West
Highlands. Let our sympathy .with'
tho Vatersay squatters be nover so
great, tho fact remains that In such
crofts ns theirs, oven If tlioy hnd
thom rent frco, thoy would Rt.111 bo
abjectly poor. * When wc take over
tho lnnd and tho menus of production
for own clnss, I nm sure that, though
the Socialist. Republic will not, forcibly
prevent aimnn from cultivating Vator-
Roy If ho wnnts to, no one will be Hilly
enough to try It when Infinitely bottor lnnd olRowhoro will Invito lho communal labors of nu omiindpnted pon-
Rimtry. I yield to no ono in niy ad*
mlrnllon for tho bonutloR of the Highlands, but. HL'onory Ir not an nHHot in
prnctlcnl ngrlculturo.
'. Innlly, Colnneiicli, let, me imIvIho
you to rid your Celtic obsoRRlons and
settle down to work nmlcubly wl-li
your follow wngivHlnves—Saxon or
Gaol—for tho 'omanclpatlan ol (lie
working cIuhh of Hrltnln. .Vo Socialist, ho ho ever ho nnti-nntloinillst. und
liiiernnilniinllfll, iIohIi'oh tho nhlltern.
tion of mil lonal chnractorlRtlcH and nn-
lloiuil typcB ho fur iih Uioho iu'Iho naturally out of tho liven nnd tempera-
meiilH of tho pooplo. What, the SoclnllHt oppiw'R Ih not nntlonnl gonliiH
but nntlonnl pIihiivIiiIhiii. Tho one
Ih n fuel lu nnluro, tho other Ih ii ro-
vin-Hlonury tendency fomented hy tho
boiirgf-nlHlo for tliolr own eiulH, It Ih
cupltiillHiu und not Hnclullmn Hint
1euilH to wipe nut nntlonnl nml Individual types, to render ttie Frenchmen
much tho hiiiiio iih tho KngllKlimiin,
tho EiigllKhiiinn mueh the nnmo iib tho
Amorlrnn, whilo nil the tlmo redlining
nntlonnl JnnlniiHloi. * nml iinlmOHltloH,
tlmt rnpitiiliHlH mny "divide nnd rulo,"
Hut tlm exaggeration of untloiiiil chur*
nctorlHtlcH nftor the styles of the "Co-
munn min Allmnnnch" nnd Uh propn*
gondii of fnhulniiH "lilHlory" remilt In
n enr lent tire quite nn unrenl ns Albort
Choviiliom coRtoru or llnrry Lnudor'H
miiHli** hnll Hcolehmnn..
For henvon'H Rnkn, Cnliineni'h, do
tint miike tbo poor, Hcuucrml rcuntiuii
of (im* uiu lint race ridUuloiiH In the
eyes of th-*** Southron,
Alho, I hope you will nol ho of-
fended If I RUggo-it. Ihnt Mm-kcn/ln Ih
11*11.HI    I.     .,«.'*.•. ill    'Iiui tt-iVvli'l.t    «,.....».,    ,'.,...
much more useful In ordinary Inter*
c-oiiiho Ilium Coliinonch Og Mac Coin*
reach, I would adVlm. ynu to bury
the Inttor In tho roeoHHi-H of your fervent lllghlnud licnrt, nud then you will
he iir good iih tho MncgregorH, for ynu
v.llt have "a nnmo thnt hi nam-^l.■'•■■■
hy day" nnd nl»o unknown nt nlghm,
tmlonit y-iti tnlk In your nloor,,— .1. r\ M.
In The SoclnllM.
Tbe inquest concerning the deaths
of the men killed on December 21st
by the explosion at. the Pretoria Pit
was..concluded on the 13th inst, at
Westhoughton.        ■<*
The jury found that an accidental
igniiion of gas and coal dust occurred
at. tho conveyor face ui the North Plodder Mino, Sn some manner to tho jury
unknown; but probably from a defective or .overheated safety lamp, and
produced an explosion; that upon such
an ignition and explosion followed a
large explosion of coal dust affecting
the whole of the workings of the pit.
ln consequence of such an explosion
and the resulting after-damp the men
who had been identified died. They
came to their death by accident, and
not otherwise.
There were other points they desired to present; They were sallsfed
with the evidence of identity, etc., and
they stated that there was no evidence
proving that the explosion was in any
wise duo to tlie non-observance of any
statutory obligation. The evidence
satisfied them that such headings as
Bradle's in the South. Plodder, and
Brown's and Eccleston's in the North
Plodder were undesirable unless provided with adequate ventilation by
means of brattice, pipes, or otherwise,
in that they were calculated to be Injurious to the health of the.men working there and likely to collect gas,
They were also of tho opnion that the
carrying forward of the heading in
the North Plodder jig to the extent to
which it was carried was unnecessary
and calculated to produce danger from
gas; that there seemed to be some
doubt upon the evidence as to the fitness of the men who had from time to
time removed this switch box.and as to
tho sufficiency of the instructions
given to them; and they were of opinion tiiat everybody dealing with electrical plant should be under the direct
supervision of a skilled electrician;
and that the apparent failure of the
night foreman of .the North Plodder'
to make, his statutory report on tho
morning of 21st of Dec. was some
evidence of laxity in supervision,
They desired to add the following
recommendations:—(a) That it is a
matter of immediate importance that
the fullest investigations should be
made Into the dangers incidental to
coal dust In mines, and. tho best methods of removing or minimizing them,
and also as to the character of thc
safety lamp tho use of which was permitted, and they desired to urge on his
Majostys Government that, those matters merit their attention, nnd call for
their financial and other assistance;
(b) tlmt the Electricity Rulo 33 shall
be amended so ns to provide Hint, the
switches, etc, should bo enclosed In
gas-tight boxes and break undor oil;
(c) that firemen's reports of gas
should specify tho exact, placos where
found nnd lho quantity found, together with similar particulars- regarding
the adjacent places likely to bo nf-
fooled by them, and tbnt firemen's reports should bo duplicated add ono
copy preserved nbovo ground; (d) Unit
full venlllntlon reports Hhould bo mndo
nt least monthly upon each and every
alr-wny ln tho mine; and io) thnt
the attention of the Itoynl Commission
of Mlnos bo called to lho doBlrnblllty
of a defnltlon of the term return airway.—Tho Science and Art of Mining.
Do You Want
A Home ?
Three 20-aere Tracts, of
which four acres on each.
are improved,, on Lake
Front and located where !
there is good settlement.
Price per block § 1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers.
This is a chance for anyone
intending' to make a home
for himself at once.
50 blocks well watered, excellent soil, free from rock
and  easily cleared—-Three
"miles from, station.
Joe Grafton
P. O. Box 48
■*■ '■"■ s
Fernie       -       B.C.
i<-y /■ ■
A photo on n pillow top of yoursolf,
friend, or mvoothenrl.; Homolhlng now
nnd realistic iih well ns nrllHtlc,
(Joed llvo Agents wnntod; olthor
hon. For full liil'iiriiiutiuii and snruplo
oui I'll Free,   nildrcHH:
Ilox r.!>, Ferule, ll.C.
The pi'OHldont. nnd the nonrotary of
(lie Local -"nuiii'l. nf Woim-n Htato Unit
iniiny li'ttcru iuul tnlogi'iiniH nrn bolng
received Croni throughout thn piovluce
urging Dw lintm-dlnto n_._..-H»lty for un
IndiiHti'liil school for d.jllii'|iu-iit glrlH.
HtntoinoiilH Iiuv-j nlno been r.-rolv-i-il
from MnglHtniioH Hhnw nnd South and
mnny othern who arc In i-lonr* touch
with the Rlliinllon In that roHp-'i't,
Such a Mcliool has already been provided for delinquent boyH but lu the
ciiho of girls thorn Is nt prr-noil no
proper method of r,ll_ pohIiik of their
ciiHOH, nfier lln>y havn boon li'lcd nt
the J liven I In Court. "
iim tiii.jjm*,. (i.i,**, i..i_i „y,,.,.i,'t i.i,
"tuiic Unii' b" 1W> l.rirnl Cfiutwll (if
Women, tho -Juvenile Protect Ion Ah«o-
elation, tho ('lilldrim'K Aid Hocli-ty,
nud olhor iiigiuii/iitiuiiH of u benevolent rliiinicUir, Wlillo the itovorn*
num! eviiresHCH Itnoir iih heliig heart 1-
)y in iii'Ciiril -vsuti ino imm-iiii-iii, ri
mny bn Mint tlnp plnn cnn Hiiinclyhe
perfected no Unit It will bring pnntlertl
I'l'HtiltH during the imwnt hokkIoii. It
Ih Impeil. howovor, Hint nt the next
meeting of tho Provhirlnl IIoiiho thr
mutter will bo fully nud completely
I'e.ill   Willi.- -.\\;V...   Ad".' '_U.u*l-,
Notice is hereby given that a dividend.at the rate
of SIX PER CENT per annum has been' declared
upon the paid-up Capital Stock of The Home Bank
of Canada for the three months ending 28th February, 1911, and the same will be payable at thc Head
Office or any Branches of The Home Bank of Canada on and after the 1st March next.
Thc Transfer Books will be closed from the 15th to
thc 28th February, 1911, both days inclusive.
By Order of the Board, JAMES MASON,
Toronto, Januaiy 18, 1911    * General Manager.
JOHN ADAIR. Manager- Pernie
Bank of Hamilton
Capital Paid Up $2,750,000
Reserve and Undivided Profit* .    $3,250,000
Total Asset*   ....  Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all'Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, A-gent
Letter Heads
Statements —— —
Bill Heads
_j_)_rdS Anything: and everything in the
** way of high-grade commercial
printing. Our assortment of job
type is complete, our press facilities of the best, and our workmen
true typographical art is Is. This
tt*\]*t nil Hi****- strtry of onr fnfililies
for d-M-njj-* job *printin*j of the right ^ *
kind at the right prices. -barClS
Bill Heads
Letter Heads
The District Ledger, Tel. 48
Hiifili Halt, of Ornnfiovlll.*, Onl., wan
flncii |25 and coau (or purcliiisliiK liquor from an unllr-.n<i<(>d puny a« iln**
r*»«iii-»»f of n third nornan who, ilrtink,
Rave Hart away.
Electric Restorer for Men
Ph OSphOHOl tetttatt «vt f y nf rte In llm body
' ■ - »**> III propir le*iii")*n ,* retlofti
vim and vlUllly. I•>tannine deny *n<1 ill nexuil
wf.»knc»i averted nt en<*.    l-hntphnnol -will
m»keyrm anew men.   Trice IS »i-rn.r,r «•■■■.•» Itr
1.1    Malfi-.lt-> any ______rM«   Tli.ftKt'ob.lltruir
_>_. kt. <»l)i_»rln«.. Out.
For Sate at Qleandell'i Drug Store.
**m*j!****n IWwU. IWn. t-.*...l".._».t...    li-v« m-4 •>*>•« W>b«f. *lA D to .-•*•.*<■ n*.
r***t*linrr*r. HiiKnU. .Jwok**..*. l-.i~.tJ y»«■*»#••*«•«.|i «_, k.i>h_....ii_i.
UWUI**. tl**.   It., W** « U» . »<► I LM..1 HI, ill. tt i _. M W _> _+», IV ut j... Ul. PAfiffi FOUR
&$ JPtefcdrit £tb%tt
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds.of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
.Address all communications to The District Ledger.
• J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
A T tlie'-present time there is a crusade worldwide • in  its ramifications against the great
"White Plague—Tuberculosis.     'Funds have been,
and are being, contributed without stint for   thc
.purpose of fighting the dread disease.     Hospitals,
' sanitariums, fresh air farms, etc., are kept up by
the money subscribed. The medical fraternity
make tuberculosis a theme for discussion at every
convention: * statistics are compiled, scientific articles written, and the. press giving their aid in the
great vause publishing interesting data.
All this may be designated as noble, grand, hu-
"mane, and so it is, at the same time, however, every
day common sense ought to be brought into use
for tlie purpose of prevention. AVe know,.that
instructions, etc., have been issued about spitting
iu public places, etc., but .this is not enough and
will not be just so _ong as the conditions allow th_
dark noisome and filthy breeding places to exist.
These^ will not, be done away with until ignorance has been swept away, wliich we do .not anticipate a likely possibility in tlie near future. Wc
know well enough that Rome was not built in a
day, wc are likewise well mvarc of the root of the
social evil, but that is no reason for not endeavoring
,to mitigate existing evils.     "We do this not because
of any high flown or,, altruistic notions, but solely
from selfish though not necessarily sordid motives.
Tliere is one place where buoyant health should
predominate, and tliat is Elko,.yet we learn that
*" there-are no less than six cases of typhoid fever
agaiii  on  tlie banks of-the Elk  River ■ opposite
UR comment on the question of Night Schools
has aroused our co tem and we extend our
thanks for the information furnished, which though
belated, nevertheless, was not generally known'. This
oversight may be'attributed to neglect on the.part
of the previous Board of Trustees, and we'hope tliat
the present civic guardians of education will see to
-      * 0
it that immediate efforts are put forth looking to
the establishment of this much-needed institution so"
that it may result in something more solid than being merely inscribed upon.the statute books at Victoria. = -
Private citizens have already started, classes but
far better results can be accomplished if supplementary assistance be given by the Education Department, and as we now know what is needful to be
done, trust that those whose duty it is to attend
to the matter will lose no more time than is absolutely unavoidable.
Tliere is one difficulty to contend with and that
is that the teachers engaged shall have government
certificates. To teach our foreign citizens the English language necessitates educational qualifications
that the ordinary teacher does not possess, namely
an understanding of the mother tongue of the pupils.
Those best fitted to impart knowledge may not
fulfil the requirements of the Act, hence some provision should be made' to meet these conditions.    •
These "night schools are intended to be of practical benefit hence should be dealt with in a practical
manner so that the best results may-be attained..
If the services of teachers who can comply with
the Act and likewise iuculcate the knowledge sought
for can be secured so much the better,"' but if not
why not pursue the same course as obtains in teaching day schools by the issuance of temporary or
provisional permits
Now that the subject has been broached let it be
kept, alive until something concrete has been realiz--
ed and not lie dormant because of apathy and indifference.
.  In order to get you to •-•■'y^|^s_ '•"■•*    Three*
.   "Sunkist"   Oranges'and    "Sun-^**-^**-^,^^''^^^ fourth*
kist" Lemons and thus learn their.ex-^^^^^*^^^^^^       actual
cellent quality, we will send you free the^/   ^.. ^H§§^_    size
beautiful  Rogers Orange Spoon here pic-"
' tured on receipt of 12   'Sunkist" wrappers
and 12c to cover charges, packing, etc. - .-
* You will find both "Sunkist" Oranges and
. Lemons at nearly every dealer's, pr.cked in individual paper wrappers that bear ono of the trade- .
marks shown  below.     If they are not packed thus,
they are not the !" Sunkist" kind, "but au .inferior .fruit.
'' Sunkist'J Oranges—Choicest Fruit
"Sunkist" Oranjjes are California's trei.'-ripen"'l, firm and solid    Allarehand-'
choicest   fruit—the   select inspected picked.    No fallen, bruised or overripe
crop*of 5,000 orange groves.   No other oranges .   Each "Sunkist'* is a perfect
orange is so sweet, rich.-ind juicv. They f*****ecin.cn, as delicious as if plucked fresh
are thin-skinned, st-t.dl_.bs,   fibreless f:oin the tree. , ,'    *
Buv "Slinlfl-st''"' J *■*■*■—*xrx— v*-,i '*.a*«oft'--os!imoblir!iqunlltyas"Sunki<it',Ora_iffes
uuy JUniflSl _.v,„X>_o __.,.• t,i,js„.-.1.li. "Sunkist" Lemons are so juicy that
two of them so farther than three of _::iv .<- :.tQi,C,ui tlie preparation of desserts, sautes und
- - <e npernni"! clrf-iV«.   Tcllyourdeiiler yon want "Sun- "~
kisf' Oi.i-.vi i ..'■*.. I. *.*i.>;..;-,
. ?_. ,   -,
' ,»„,,,,  and  ccsiro
- ■ ■^i-**,;*."'**'5-* a (-i-uupl-.-ta
i*i.*toi'!....-if*>*.il.'.!*i lylm.iuKOspoons. lnrc-
mil tin. i_.o_i._o aend c ._sli.,\vl.c-.. tlie uiuonnt'
is less than <",._■; or amounts ahove 2\lc. wo
pn-ltr postal nnle. money order   express
,  n.dei«. r u.ink draft. Wo will lm clad to send
you1 complete Hit  of  rnluub.Q  premiums.
,     We h-)nor    boll)   "Sunkist"   aad    _"_cd  Eall*
wriippuir. on rretulums.   AddruKii
(52)        105 King St, Eut Toronto, Ont
"^•*H**-?*W¥VVM; 1W^
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000 \_      REST, - $7,000,000
of The Canadian Bank of Commerce wil! receive deposits of $i and
upwards, on which interest is allowed at current rates. There is no
delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit. Small
deposits are welcomed. ,7 ■        234'
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor.   A joint account"
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership of the money
_ after death, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death
FERNIE  BRANCH .      s       '7- -      L.  A. S.  DACK,  Manager.
, "ColjatoT^\^IiF\^ljewrini'ortncd that afreacly vio-
• tinis have succumbed, and there is a possibility of
■many others being infected.   This is* where a crusade is necessary.
There is no just reason why people should not
live, barring accidents, of course, in this valley until
they dry up and blow away ji' tbey would live naturally and the medical profession knocked out of
commission as a consequence.
We said it was selfishness that instigated us to
advocate that something be done forthwith, so we
, think perhaps an explanation is necessary.     The
germs of typhoid fever have already destroyed
valuable lives, we value our own as it is thc only
one we've got, and while immune from many diseases in* tlie past, hy no means consider ourselves
invulnerable, hence do not wish to incur risks that
can be avoided, but not by individual action alone.
Tho government protects the game and also thc
fish, the latter we believe is under Dominion jurisdiction, therefore, it is high time that thc denizens
of the streams fihould be given attention, otherwise
they may meet the fate of those who drink of tlie
polluted liquid which would bo disastrous, as our
fisheries are a great source of revenue and ought
not to be neglected in this careless manner,    <•■
The health officer should be commissioned by
thc provincial government to visit those camps that
have been infected, lumlyso the water they consume,
and if found to be dangerous, prohibit it»
use for any purpose unlesi boiled. Even this is
by no meana sufficient; ascertain thc cause of thc
germs being in tho wator, and tako immediate action in the removal.
If the mill owner is found to have allowed hjiw.
dust to filter into the stream he is haled before
tho courts and upon conviction penalized beeaiiKO
of the possible damage worked upon Ilie fish, then
is it not a still more roprchei.Hihlo practice to poison
the HtMiim. from which human beings obtain the
houiw of liquid supply So long as peoplo nre
lipid bet ic, ho long us they are willing to die with
typhoid and other germ diseases, hut little effect
will bo made to remedy the existing conditions.
Only when they dcUinninu that they arc not parties
to being unceremoniously driven iii-nias tho Styx
will any notice be taken of their complaint and the
louder thoy protest the more likely will il result,
in efforts being put forth 1" prevent tho ini'oelio?*
and contagion,
AUL LAFARGUE, son-in-law of Karl Marx,
J" and one of the most brilliant French satirical
writers, in his book entitled "The Sale of an Appetite" excoriates present day society which-en-
lers to revel.in-the pleasures "of the flesh while thc
myriad factors in the production thereof are condemned to.wallow in misery and degradation. According to the story a wealthy man with stomach
completely deranged consequent upon his abuse of
the organ of digestion purchases the healthy membraneous receptacle from a poverty stricken mem
her of the working class. Irrational and improbable as one would naturally regard such a transfer
to be, a product of disordered imagination or fictional exaggeration it is nevertheless by no means so
farbeyond the realm of realization, as thc ordinary
layman surmises. True, there is yet a wide gulf
between the vision and the accomplishment, still
surgery has already made such marvellous strides
that operations which, to-day are commonplace, one
hundred years ago would have been considered as
equally nonsensical as a transfer of a stomach is
looked upon by tho vast majority.
Flesh has been grafted on individuals, blood trans
fusion does not Riirpriso anybody. A young French
doctor, named Alexis Carrel, at present on thc staff
of the Rockfellcr Institute in Chicago, has taken
living tissues and oven vital organs from animals
causing them to grow and functionate in other ani-
mals of thc same species.
Furthermore, although dissociated from any liv-
ing organism, ho has removed tissue (bone, cartilage and glands) keeping it alive for week. In the
removal of tho tissue it is placed in a plasma of nu-
tritive matter and kept constantly at a heat of 98
degrees. The formation of thc new cells varies in
rapidity of growth according to tho age of tho ani-
mal from which it iH taken, the older thc slower,
but if plncod iu a plasmn of nutritive, matter from
o young animal the growth Ih more rapid..
The subject opens up a wido field forspcculntion
and mny even/inte yet'in the prolongation of human life to nn age far beyond the three score and
ten period.
Tho story is told of Sir. Sydney Smith that upon
his physician advising him to walk upon an empty
stomach, slowly rising from bin recumbent position
in bed ns ho was very ill at tho time, he asked:
"WhnRe?" A like query might arise regarding
lhe transplantation of nn organ, but to this there iH
no insurmountable difficulty, inasmuch ns many
HpI'Mldid   «nnctlll(ino  flf  Jlliyp|*»'l1   1i-|0"ll»f>..   nyr,   ntif-yt
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
         Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. m*  AGNEW & CO.,  ELKO
Dry   Cordwood   iit   $2.25   per
Itick, C.O.D.
Apply, Wm. Dickicn, Phono 10
. 'Pornlo, B.O.
We have
^     II'    IM III I      *•! it'I-iimi'II1*     ?1(        IllU't   ir'l 1       lll'HIIMIMII       M  I'M      rMl f«T*l
Although water is not the only vehicle wherein j fif.0(1 mi ,,;„ nltnr ftf ^\* -m ^Vni.l^ln.,-, ^,u<
Cigar Store
This Week
germs breed, nevertheless it is acknowlcdgd tbat it
is a prolific factor, so if sewage, garbage, etc., is
h11mw.i1 to mingle with tho-water of the Klk and
other streams wc can at lensl urge that it be put a
slop in—even lor ibe jjslies' sake. 'I'bis remedied,
and we find that the ravages are lessened, we can
turn our attention to milk, bad drainngc and the
other creative causes.
We would urge upon all the citizens of Klko
that rtiiiMtW-r th». e.niM* nt' ihi* typhoid --"it
break can he, traced to the writer wipply having
been riffeotod by lhe totnl disregard of their welf/uv
that they petition thn government to iiive«tigate so   its nse.ir.*hi\s limbterml by llm nnlngmu .u <-f th
and there is no fear of a .shortage so long as On
high percentage of fatal neoidents continue.
IlcHorl might be made by revivial of the system
which obtained in tho -mid-llr- noon whon •"•rimiiinls!
sentenced to death were used as subjects for experiment by the medical profession. To-day a relic of
this system still obtains, otherwise from what source
would students get tlie skeletons used in the cln.__.e_.
on anatomy.
To the sentimentally inclined this may seem somewhat griiexoiiii* but si'toiwo nllhnu^h roi-t\f*\i\y'\^.*-
.sentiment, ignores ••..•nfiiiu'iitality. ami |in».v*i*utes
>■ Wholesale and Retail
that the blame can bo laid nt thc right door and a
remedy applied at once
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Urt-tcivvouu iSuuermiik
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phono 34
One carload
Furniture (it contained some
swell creations)
One carload Paints,
Oils, Varnishes
Ask for
color cards, or
if out of town
will be glad to
m-.il on request
Linen Sa
Now is the season when the housewife must con-'
' si der the replenishing of the linen closet, and this,
the opportunity to secure your linen fresh from the
manufacturers. °. AVe have already opened an exceptionally fine assortment of real Irish Linens direct
from the makers.' *   '        .*",,'
Table Damasks in beautiful florai and conventional designs, a splendid assortment, and prices
from 50c. to $2.00 a yard. '  Napkins to match. ,     _
Pure linen Damask Table Cloths, border" all.
around, .lengths from 2 to 3 1-2 yards. Napkins to '
match. -
, Napkins, Doilies, Centres, Tray Clothes and Runners in damasks, embroidered and many designs ,
in hand work effects.
. .Towels, in Duck, Crash and Turkish. Some specially good lines of all-linen bath towels, the greatest
friction towel made. *'' Huck Towels with either hemmed, taped or hemstitched ends; Damask Huck
Towels. Bath Sheets and Bath Mats.
Towelings of all Kinds. Newest designs in Damask Hucks: _ . *
Sheetings, all widths, plain or twilled, at the best
possible prices.
, i\       5 i
Pillow Cottons all widths.
Quilts in a variety of weaves, fringed or hemmed.
Meadow Bleached Linens for embroidering.
Opened to-day another lot of those reliable Scotch
Ginghams. Nothing can beat them for Children's
tub dresses. _  ■     ''
Pictures at 25 per cent Discount.     Pictures,of,
all kinds.     AVe would particularly call your attention to'our 'f*Dcn" Pictures, they are all right; and.
just now less* 25 per cent (Furniture Department.) *
Happy New Year to You
May Docombor 31st, 1911 mark the closo ot tho most pro_
IJoroua year In your history; wo firmly bollovo it will do' bo in
ourB.   Make a good start anyway, and go to
The 41 Market Co.
for all your rorjulroments in  Meats, Flail, Eggs, Butter, Poultry,
Cheeso, Oystors, oto.
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
The Jeweler—That's All
Right on the corner
The Fcrnl**) Oporn Houso has been
■n<*wly palnt-M end iMiovntod and Ilie
munaR-prnent Intent! to mnko uomo tar-
ther chatiRot tor the benefit of U«Ir
MiporseiiHHiv,. and llw* supporters of "thu.^ns they mtQM.     Thelr UMh] hlgh       „
film* «t« MH-milr-iS irwia mildly.
Hardware     Furniture
.._       ,^_     ^a^-   ^^^   -m*** ■
E._c».*.  HfiMfi! stetm littler
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Wat«r . L, A. Midi, Manager
V1 ,**~>
***** **** **************************** ***************"kkkkkkkkkk*k*****+*kkAkkkk**********X^
ll   ■
M*--***'Mr-*--^^ ¥ ** **********m
♦ '*.-. ♦
♦ COAL  CREEK  BY  174        ♦
♦ 7 .♦
♦ •*»♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The benefit concert in aid of Jos.
Buchanan, who is at present ..lying in
the City Hospital where he.has been
an inmate for nearly six months, and
is not likely to be discharged for "a long
time yet was held under the auspices
of the C.'CL. A*. A*, in the Club-Hall
and was another success to be added
to the long list for which this camp is
famous. * The concert committee are
entitled to unqualified praise for the
creditable manner in which the entire
program was carred out. Punctually
. at 8.15 the pianist struck up the first
chords' of the Bohemian Girl, which
was greatly appreciated.*
The program is as follows:.
Song—Off to China Town  .. Ernest
Morris ,'-,*'. 0 ■ .
Song—Sitting   by   the   Stile Mary,
Robt. Samson
Violin Solo—Blue Bells of Scotland.
Master A,, Worthlngton.
Comic song—Archibald, certainly not
Harold Ashcroft. ,
Song*—My Aln Folk, Miss Olivo Pear-
mu:       .,■'"'
Recitation—New Years' Eve, Dudley
"Michell.* 7
-    Comic patter and song—What's become of our song, Bros. Puckey..
Encore—We finished 'em off.
Comic song—The Old Tt!i cun, Jack
Encore—A minute to Seven    last
night. "7
Song—The love light in your oyes,
Miss Alice Tyldesley.
,   Scotch     song—We parted --'ii  Hir-
, shore, Archie Prentice., , ,   *
, Encore—Fu the Noo.''".
,   Song—I'll take Donahue, Miss Zeri'a
McLean. *     .     . *
..".  (Miss  Mclean, also  received    an
encore to which she responded.)
Pong—Let's all go dowi* the Strand,
■ Cliss. Clarldge.
Encore—What would the Congregation say?.
Song—Anchored, Percy Hasketh.
Recitation—Ding, ding, ding!    Geo.
,*     Descriptive Duet—Swell and the Cos-
t,er, Bros. Puckey.
Encore—Swell and the Convict.
"■ The Trites Wood Co. kindly loaned
the stage furnishings for the evening's
fi   entertainment. -    °     *.
The concert concluded the floor was
,  quickly, cleared  r.f cliairs and  sens
and the Michel Orchestra having ar-
i   rive'd by the last up ■ train, soon * dis-
now succeeded him "as dry goods man
with .Trites:Wood.Co.
There will; be'ia social dance oh'Monday, March 6th, in the Club Hall. Dancing will commence at 8 o'clock. Ladies
■ The 17th of March, Ireland's patron
saint day, will be fittingly commemorated by a grand masquerade ball under
the auspices of the C. C. L. and A. A.
to be held in the Club Hall. ..Erin go
bragh.-    Ceid mil failthe!       '■<•
Quite i' number of workers up here
are drawing their time and bound for,
pastures new. principally the U. S.,
fearing, no doubt ,the possibility of
what may happen after March 31st.
Victor' Allan has resigned as timekeeper at No, 5. Charlie Savoury is
his successor. .   (.
- Our old friend Wm. H.' Evans, left
here on Monday for Blairmore to see
if the sulphur springs would be beneficial, but "unfortunately his disease
(rheumatism was in. too advanced a
stage and on Thursday the sad news
reached us that he passed over the
Great Divide the night before.,
The. mantle and toga of the dual office of chief of police and secretary-
treasurer have now been donned by Mr
Hall/better known as "Corporal" because of his previous associations with
the R. -N. W. M. P. We sincerely hope
that the law-abiding, reputation for
which our town is famous will long
continue so that the office of policeman at least may be a soft 'snap, but
should any wayward ones stray from
the paths tliey can ■ rest assured that
they will be pulled up with a sharp
. Now that the spell of bad weather
has reached' Its goal the. mines are
once again in full operation.
The Bible Society-held* their annual
meeting in the Institutional- Church
and a large gathering representative of
of the various denominations was In
attendance. The chief item was the
report of the secretary of the Coleman
branch, which was highly * satisfactory in every way. Scriptural literature in different languages to the
amount of $120 has been sold, ranging
from $10 to $5 per copy. The membership has been greatly increased
and ; the , subscription whicli at last
meeting was $51.75 has been more than
doubled, $112.50 havlngjieen received.,
an"d-tHei*e, is every reason to believe
♦ ♦
**»■              By "Sweet 16."                '.♦
♦. ■- *     *   ^  '♦
*♦*♦♦«►♦♦ *♦-♦''♦' ♦"♦',-*
' Mr, Malcolm Allan returned from
his. holidays sooner than expected.
He simply couldn't stay away from
Mr. Hill has been promoted from
the onerous position of time-keeper to
the assistant managership of tho new
No. 5, Corbin. He has appointed R.
E. Nalty chief of the department of
romance; Both gentlemen are eminently fitted for their new positions.
This is promotion with a vengeance.
In an interview with Mr. Hill, that
gentleman described his sudden rise to
the brain clarifying qualities of Ocean
Mixture. .   *
Moral—Smoke Ocean Mixture if you
wish to rise in the world.   .
The masquerade dance.* held last
week proved to be the event of the
season. There was a great variety of
costumes worn. Prizes were awarded
as follows 7 Best representative
character, Japanese lady, Miss McNeil;
Welshwoman, Mrs Smith; Toreador,
M. A. Truba. Best clown,; J. B.
Thomas. A* party of ladies and gentlemen were present from Michel. Dancing was indulged in till 5 a.m. This
is the first masquerade in Corbin and
we hope it will not be the last.
Jnck Pigeon took a party out to
the Flathead by dog train on Thursday morning. This js the first party
this year and they may have some difficulty breaking the trail.
■March lst, St. David's anniversay,
was celebrated by the Welsh residents
here. A fine programme of songs
and dances was gone through and a
very enjoyable evening spent.
was under a previous, management of
the Vancouver daily and was concocted out of whole cloth.
For the benefit of the public we will
state that there have been local dls-
putes both at Frank and Michel (not
Moyie) but in neither instances have
they any direct bearing upon the new
agreement; the one at Frank has beon
adjusted and the men resumed . work
on Monday the 27 th, and the other at
Michel is consequent upon the men
qultting-work' because they considered
oiie .man was insufficient to handle
three fans for furnishing air, :..is been
a subject for discussion between the
officials and represenlatives during
the past week. The men contend
that In the event of a breakdown happening while the man in charge of ihe
fan was out of .thefanroom, the result might, be disastrous. The company have agreed that they will in-
stnl telephonic communication between the fan room and the interior of
tho mine, which will be far better than
to send in a man to give the news,
because in the first place usually these
outside.employees know practically nothing of the topography inside the
mines and furthermore as it is in some i
board room suggested nothing but
rubbish out of place, but I levied
that the collection is worth fully ^12,-
000,' and that the* chunks of *CUch-
blende are so exceptionally tine ^hat
they will not be sent to the cm^ing
mill unless absolute necessity 0t' ■•■■Up-"
ply demands it.
, One .of the. blocks bears the ""-.rlc
of the old-fashioned powder cP^rge
formerly used in the Cornish tin •-tad
copper mines for blasting purples.
The men of St. Ives for comjtWss
years had regarded pitchblende as
mere useless waste, and the ir-*.-**1** of
it is that they cast aside the "j.'-1 .i"
on heaps of rubbish, and sougjj*- to
niake a living by extracting tin P^m
the bowels of the earth. It Wa-^ so
poor a return for then* labor that "-He
Rose Wall Hill mine. produced ^ss
than twenty tons of tin a month,'and
the workings were closed in 18i. because the owners did not thin)** it
worth while to purchase new p^nt
Nothing was done until 1841, wh-?n a
•eeble effort ended in failure."
The Scientific Revolution ''
Time' after time various mines <n
Cornwall were closed, and all **he
while fortunes in pitchblende wertf lying hidden in heaps of "waste" on 'be
surface and in the workings far *■**-*-
low. "' Theii came British and Gen"-""-*--*"!
cases' over"a mile"' from "the "entry" to, scien*i8t3- who  seeking   for   fiirt^r
'supplies of radium, the newly-fot,,'*d
force of nature, were directed by tPetr
knowledge to examine the mines.^t
the Cornish    Riviera. .    Success*   ***e
for at present the curative properties
Of Madame Curie's discovery are not
fully known. However, it has been
established as a fact that radium can
be employed in the cure of rodent ulcers. ,, and likewise its utilization
has been found to have beneficial effects in dealing with cancer itself.
•The application of ten milligrammes
of radium bromide for ten "minutes
oiice a fortnight ,has caused the ulcer
to disappear after three applications.
H lias further been found that radium
dissolved i nwater, gives off emanations,' and has been highly effective
in treating cases of gout, rheumatism,
SOuty neuritis, and every form of nervous disease. in Germany radium
butlis are taken, but this is a luxury
as yet unknown m this country.
AS a matter of fact, radium" as a
curative element is as old as the hills,
foi* practically every mineral springs
contains some emanations in very
minute quantities. Now, of course,
the healing effects can be greatly aided }jy .employing larger and more cer
tain quantities of .cdlum.
and the" gay revellers were whirling
around, and wo have such ardent lovers of tlie tripping art sublime that
it was 4.30 before the crowd dispersed to the "Home, Sweet Home*' tune.
Thus another' night and a chunk of
the next day wero disposed of to tho
entire satisfaction of all participants.
T. Spruston, pit boss at Michel, and
T, Branch,' from the same placo, wore
visitors hero last Saturday.
Charlie Powell left on Monday to
linger by tho seashore near Vancouver for a brief spoil.
Frank Westwood has now taken tho
lines for Trites-Wood delivery rig.
i Littlo James Cartmeil was, brought
homo from the Hospital last Saturday
and Is loud In his praise of the many
kindnesses received during his stay,
' Wo nro pleased to sny that ho Is pro-
grossing vory favorably.
J, R. Smith loft' on Tuesday morn
, Ing to attend the meeting of tho Agree-
' mant Commlttoo at Calgary, which
, commoncod session on Thursday,
Frnnk Hondorson, who Is now work*
Ing nt Maplo Leaf, Altn., wns shaking hnndn with friends on Thursday
up horo,
Tho examination for coal minors
will take plnco Monday, March 6th,
In No. G old tlmo office.    All candl*
• datos to Nond tliolr names nnd foo of
fl to tho Socrotary, .lames M. Stewart,
on or boforo Maroh 4th, I, o„ not lator
than Snturdny.   Tho abovo In to comply with the Coal Mlnen' Rofftilntlon
Act, which specifies that tho fco of
$1 must bo paid nt leant 2 dayi before
tho oxnmlnntion tnlcefl placo.
'    Mr, Scott having decided to mora
"ito more lively region*., Mr. Lnver hns
that continual progress will be made
ln the future.
_ . ^ -
Mrs. D. Davis and daughter are taking n trip back to the land of our fathers—Wales—for a fow months, and
its "bachelor days*^ for Dy oiice again.
■ Whoop her up, boys! Once, nay,
twice again, have our hockey warriors
given proof of'their prowess. Thof
gathered tho scalps of the Macleods
nnd the Lethbrldges, Friday capturing
eight scalps from the former and losing only two, nnd on Saturday thoy
had flvo to tho good with Lothbrldgo,
scoro stnndlng 7*2. Both matches attracted largo crowds and the play was
a magnificent display of Canada's wlntor gnmo, To pick out the star of
Coloman tenm is too difficult for us
to essay nnd ench member of the 'team
may consider hlmsolf tlio ono selected
for the honor.
Think It would be nn oxcellont plan
If tho proprietor of tho rink would
furnish a little moro accommodation
In tho shapo of additional stands. A
tarpaulin ovor tho top of the Ice might
help to koop It clonnor and smoother.
Great disappointment was experienced
bocnuso tho opportunity was not af-
fordod our boys of trying conclusions
with Nolson, ns thoy feel that thoy
could hnve glvon thom tho gnmo of tliolr
lives. Of courso, remarks woro passed that they hnd cold foot, othors
that Fornlo's strugglo hnd usod thom
up. Whatever the causo, Coleman's
sympathy and rogrot «ooh out to thom,
. To mako up for the failure to got
Nolson tho Tnbor boys will como on
March 8th wlion it Is cortaln suro thoro
will bo a roynl gamo as tbo teams aro
woll matched.
♦ - LILLE -*>
♦ ". ♦
♦ By "Royalty." ♦
♦ ♦
A fire flcciirred at the'Lille Hotel
on Wednesday morning which would
have had serious results had not prompt measures been taken; AH tho
rooms were filled with dense .-moke,
and Bartender Batt to whom great
credit is due, noticing, that tlio build-
ing was Iir imminen__danger^.at-once-
rank,the fire alarm bell, which caused the hurried rush*of the manager
and boarders to the scene,-who'took
immediate action, along with*the bartender, to at once extinguish the lire,
Fortunately it was soon got under beforo much damage was done.
■ The first masquerado skating carnival of tho Reno Society was held on
Tuesday evening last, which proved a
huge success. About 54 skaters took
part and thore was a large gathering
of friends and onlookers", The rink was
beautifully Illuminated, and a large
quantity of candles wero freely distributed through tho generosity of Mr.
Moqrhend. Tho costumes were varied and picturesque, and towards tho
closo of tho proceedings a flashlight
photograph wns taken of the party by
Mr. H. Keith, of Lillo:' Mr. Moorhoad
attired ns pit boss, was tho first
prize winner of a handsome marble
tlmoploco, nnd Mr. ChaB. Hewitt, as
u bushrangor, took second prize, which
consisted of n pnlr of gold cuff links,
Mr, R. Bovoridge supplied the music.
the face, considerable time is consumed, Telephonic communication is
quicker and simpler. Wednesday the
question of resuming work or not ,was
voted upon, and 572 voted to go back
and 187 to stay out. This innovation on
the part of the company it is to be
hoped will become general throughout
the'Pass as it is not only safer but
likewise more economical than employing more fanmen. The disputes
and differences which arise between
employers and employes are numerous
enough under normal conditions without misrepresentations or gross exaggerations being circulated broadcast by
the press. We trust that The News
Advertiser'will give as-wide publicity
to the refutation as they did to the erroneous statement.
Ledger ids Pay
T. W. Davies
The officers and.members of Esther
Lodge of Rebekahs wish to express
their appreciation to all those who so
kindly assisted in making the Box Social such a "market" success.
Edwin David Brown and Florence
Rhodes, both of this city, were united
in marriage at their residence on
Thompson Street on Feb. 22nd. Rev.
D, M. Thomson officiated.
The sad hews has reached town that
the Intermediate team of hockey play-
ors who Journeyed to Pincher Creok
scorod a "snowball" against their opponents' 4 goals
B, C. MINER8 ARE    i]
8lx Hundred Men In Alberta and B, C.
are now Idle and Whole Crow's
Neat District I* Affected.
High   Class   Boarding   House
*■_.■*_ C/jtiio-
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
WINNIPEG, Fob. 24.—Six hundred
coal minors havo gone out on striko at
Frank, Albertn nnd Moylo, nrltlsh Columbia, and It is feared tbnt tho whole
Crow's Nonl District will be affoctod
In a few dnys.
The minors hnvo snld to havo nbout
abandonod hopo of nn agreement bolng
reached In regard to the annunl ro*
vision of tbe minors' scnlo,
It Is reported thnt mnny of tho strikers nro In an lll-tomporod mood.
(Eld,—Tho above Is a samplo of Irresponsible nownpnpor work that may
do Incalculable damage    Whothor do*
Blfinodly or not wo ennnot sny, hut
that It shows grosN carolossnoss on
tho pnrt of nnmobody Is pntont when
nmttore nffoctlng   British   Columbln
nnd Alborta hnvo to bo wired to a
II, C. dally from Manitoba, This might
not nppoar romnrkablo woro It not for
tho fnct that thoy do pouncm. reliable
correspondents In (ho Crow's Nost in
cIoro touch with current events nnd
from whom nccurnto io ports aro onsily
obtnlnnblo.    Such a stupid blundor as
tho Inclusion of a quarts! enmp (Moylo
I), O.) In tho coal flold would nol lmvo
npponrod In print hnd llioy rolled on
thn   ""ir .    rcfi.;-_._!    iu. ,   "iniu - u
Kttrhlnrt, nnd dnnWIons Michel, V,   r.,
was roforrod to, but a correspondent
who would make such a mhrnko can*
not be relied upon to.give n truo version nnd the iilatomoiit thut tho min*
orn hnvo nbnndonod hopo af an agree-
rr.:r;t   I.,  ,^li-t>ii>j   -.i-ffiui.i.ure.   Iiiiin-
much as the Joint mooting of opmit>
tors' ami moiis' roprosoutatlvos hnd
not mot when this "specinl" to tho
"Nows Arlvcrtlsor"  wns  publlsha-l.
Tho report thnt the mon nro In nn
Ill-tempered mood is Intended *jo con*
voY n wronB fmproan.on to Dw K«iii>
ral public. This Is not the first <n*
Blnnro thnl thn Vev-i A-JvcriUe*.' hun
published -news of Induvirl/il mnttors
of a more1 or less ttnxoo vino tlni<->,
and we would *uj*...eiit UiAt new* reported as emanating from Wlnnlp-uK
rlealfng with local conditions bo j-jven
trt-htit loiisldoraDon.
tn nrdor to fi-j faty «u mi Una* Mr*
that .t prior ease ot misrepresentation
One day last week I stood In a prosaic city office, a plain littlo room
high up above,. FInsbury Squaro, nnd
hold'in tho hollow of my hand £3000
wortii of radium, tho most vnlunblo
things that tho earth has ovor given
to man, Rndium, the healbr, tho vital
forco, Is Infinitely more vnlunble
than sold or precious stones. It Is
wortii £20 per milligramme and a
mUHgrnnvmo, ns Its name Implies, Is
the thousandth part of n grnmmo,
which, In turn, Is the thirtieth pnrt
of an ounce! writes Brlc M. Broroton
ln tho Mnnchostor Courier.
Tho radium, tiny, dnrk-liuod crystals, was onclosod In two littlo fflnsn
bottles, so small that both could bo
plncod In tho waistcoat pockot and
take up Iohh room than n couplo of
clgnrottos. Yet such Is the forco
which this mineral cnn,, oxort that
oach of tho ralnnturo bottles, holding
i'lfiOO worth of matorlnl, Is kopt In n
casing of lond and nsbostos. While
radium is, because of Its scarcity, so
costly, It Is ostlmntcd that tho lifo
nnd activity of this wondoroun metal Is
only hnlf spont nftor.1700 yonrs, Load
ns a casing Is omployod bncauBO that
Is tho only known motnl through
which (ho omnnatlons of rndium do
not oscnpo,
Tho RlnnB tubon hnvlng boon gin-,
gorly toplacod, wo slnpped Into nnotlior roam, hnrd by, ntul horo, plncod
nnyhow, upon n kind of sideboard,
worn a numbor of Irrogulnr nhnpod
plocou of oro, just rough lumps ar
they lutil como from lhe Cornish mlno
of St. Ivos. Thoy looked to mo
woi'thlOHR, and Indond, thoy wero no
regarded for mnny yonrs, yot modorn
Hcloiico hus proved that tli oho slabs
of pitchblende conlnln. rndium.
Tho clumsy looking lumps of oro
ns thoy lny In tho corner of thnt city
warded them. In such a waste i_'3'*_>
as is seen at the Trenwith. m)*n^>
pitchblende was discovered, and j.^.
plies were also found below In t^'-s
old workings; That was -in Sept-*-'1'-*-*-
ber, 1908, and since then material -M
the rate .of 2000 tons a month pa-s
been most .thoroughly hand-picked •**«
search of very real treasures. In .*---*.«
dition to. the "surface some males' °f
deep down passages which had c0***-
lapsed and become choked with d^
bris have been cleared with the -"»'<}
of i£ 100,000 worth of the most m^
ern machinery. ,. f
Over four hundred hands are 01-*-*
gaged and it is tolerably certain tliat*-
the St. Ives mines as now worked (°t
radium and several valuable by-pf0*-
ducts form a veritable Aladdin's ca''5
of the twentieth century.
As the pitchblende is discovered '■••
is packed in boxes—ridiculously li^*5
fish boxes—and sent io London, win.)''--**
in ' matter of fact and rather ltie^*^
Limehouse it is treated in a facto^
cian Sir William Ramsay, K.C.B., f>
R. C," most famous of mining, en^'"*
neers.       ' . "
Some of the Processes
The pitchblende ore is crushed *>■-
the Trenwith mine, Cornwall, for eo^
vonlerice of transit, The crushing1!**--*
done in the ordinary way, and <*n
reaching Limehouse the concentrate-"**
ore Is treated by a series of hlghf**'
technical processes for the extraction
of radium, uranium, radium bromld^*
yellow and orange uranatos, bine--""*
uranium oxide, uranium nitrates, nn'-**
other products which are used j*1
many, manufacturing and scientific
In the processes the oro is reduce^
to a liquid, and from this tho rndlmri
doposits are precipitated, to be nftei"
wards crystallised. The timo occuple<i
In obtaining radium liquors Is n wooK*
and the crystalizntlon takes ttyt*-*
months, while lt Is snld that tho Con'
tlnontnl method of extracting rndluni
occupies a year. So skilfully,is the
work at Llmohouso cnrrlod on that
Sir William Ramsay stntes that 0f
fi.lO grammes of radium producod
only ono milligramme would bo loft
bohlnd In tho liquor.
Prior to the opening of this factory*
the wholo world hnd produced onl-/
flvo or nix grnmmos, but it is hopod
nt Ltmohoufio to obtain oa much ns a
gramme per month. Cortnln It lo
that the Cornwall pitchblende Is rich
In rndium, nnd that thn nrltlsh mio
ply Is amply sufficient for tho demands, It is ootlrantod that tho
Llmohouso works have already producod between £20,000 and £2B,O0o
worth of radium, which Is now ptih-
llcly offered for snlo nt £20 per mill.:
gramao, Sir William believes (hot a
ton of puro pltchhlondo yields C3o
milligramme**) of radium.
Kvoy plnco devoted to scientific
research, and thoro nro dozens of
nuch, Is anxious to have Its stock of
rndium    for   oxpnrlmenlal puropsos,
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Served ol
cyery day from9 a.m. to 11 p.m.
*=»ork and Beans Saturday
Stor*. Phono 123 Hoimo Phono ISO
I am agent for
"Tlie Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of whichc one
trial is all that is needed
to prove its worth.
Try "CREMCT'a breakfast food that, is a food
VV. G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest    -    Alta.
'Wnn. Murr
Special .in-.-iiiffcments for
Parties,   etc   .,.
, Ordor your ClirlxtmnN Cake enrl-f
Apply   for   Trice   Llgt *
Hrend** and Cakes shipped on tho
Local for Eastern Camps
New Michel
& Blairmore
Friday evening, <(The Spoilers''
Saturday, "Lena River
Matinee, Saturday at 2.30 p.m., "Salome Jane"
Rex   Bench'*  Orent   Book  Pity
^rtceicxt Mory ever told
Oeneral Manager of Home Dank
Corning, Friday, Mar. 10
Managing Mildred
The Musical PUy Unusual, with the ever famous
Matinee Prices~ 15 & 25c.      Evening 25, 50 &~75c
Questions that
every miner will
be required to*
& Moral of S
During the night shift of October 8,
1910, it was the unenviable opportunity1 of the Starkville Mine, near Trinidad, Colo., to add to the long li^t
of major mine explosions of late years,
and further, to give additional evidence that the number of combinations
which can, and do, cause disaster in
mines is not yet exhausted. Let us
hope for our future's sake they aro
at least limited, and that the end will
soon be reached.
This particular "accident" was a distinct surprise to a number of people although to one fully conservant with
the Monogah it should not have been
such. Both explosions were practically identical as to primary cause,
differing slightly, ot course, in detail.
Evidently tho surprise was greatest
where it happened," among the managerial force of the Starkville Mine.
This Is certain: it was one oC the
fow large explosions which ,was apparently totally unexpected. There
have been disasters on a large scale
heretofore that have been hut confirmation of such rumor on the part of
the employes and others, although not
always arriving at the schedule time.
And ainong this class Pennsylvania
and West Virginia have had a large
That at Starkville falls at once into
. a different category, and therein is the
only feeble extenuation that we can
see. To the writer the very idea of
il at once conjures Cherry and Monongah. Neither was considered a dangerous mine, by which term we mean
having within its operation and winning of its coal bed possible death at
one time .for a large majority of its
employes. Yet' both were the scenes
of manifold death and destruction of
property. In spite of these obvious
lessons, there are running to-day, as
before these disasters happened,
scores of just such "non-dangerous
mines." ...Many of these latter have
within them potential posibilities even
graver than the holocaust mentioned
Many of them are to-day working un-
" der the exact duplicate of conditions
at Starkville before the. explosion.
Many of them do use powder, dynamite
or other explosives '• of concentrated
flame producing power. Starkville
even didn't have.that, and, besides almost absolute freedom from gas, there
was, not even, the usual dramatic set-
ting of "a careless mine and a. blowout shot." . The combination, at the
CbloTadcrinine wa s~ccjn tern p tu ousl y
simple—merely a lot of black carbon
settlings and- an electric wire! It
would seem as,, if onr country were
chosen of the gods on which to wreck
undeserved vengeance when even this
was chosen as' a means of disaster,.-if
—the same cause had not wrought' the
, same result in France, iu Belgium, in
the little Staffordshire slaughter pits,
and elsewhere, both since coal dust
,.has attained to its modern dignity as
an influence on mining mortality and
before men recognized Its candidacy
'" for a sthr role1 In this oft-recurring
drama of lhe underground. But has
it filled tho mine offlcal still operating
under conditions similar to those that
existed at Starkville -with sufficient
caution? I nm afraid not. This
happened at the other fellow's mine.
Ills dust was iindeiiliifoly Inflammable,
elso thc explosion would nssuredly 1191
havo happened, But ours Isn't! At
least that's tho wny tho continued methods seem to. presume.
Fortunately in the Starkville caso
nil tho undeniable- testimony did not
dio with the men, ns Is too often tho
caso. From onrtriln employes' ovidoneo n vivid light Ih thrown on tho
utter disregard of dniigoi* charactm-l'/,-
Ing Unit mine's operating previous to
lho blow-up, Tlio superintendent know
lho mlno was vory dusty according to
his own confosslon, but didn't consider
It diin..oronnly ho until nftor it. hap-
poned, Tlo admits--now--l.liat* the
mlno wiih Insufficiently watered.
Doiihlless hn Is nlso of Iho opinion
nlinrod hy many other mining men that
to allow tlio undoi'llngH hnvlng neither
loehiilrnl nor othor knowledge of conl
iIhhI.—nyenpt. that lt Is'a iiuiRiince nnd
blur!;—Ir, nssiimo nolo discretion regarding which part of lho mlno should
l»o wiilored and which not, how much
UiIh pari hIuiiiIiI get, and how much
Unit, was "going hoiiio"'in tho miiiler
of mimfiKf-i'liil Indifference, And nil
Iho mine Kiiporiiile-idinit*-* nud foremen
do not llvo In ('olnrndo nor nt Hi ark-
vlllo who would perforce lmvo to admit
guilt In tho priMiilse If coriiorml.
In view of recent events, it.seems
to the casual observer that scattered
about this country, there aro a considerable number of men In charge of
mines unfitted by temperament for the
positions they hold as guardians over
human life.'" Neither is the indifferent
temperament in a mine manager . a
good trait if one considers only the
chances, of property destruction, unless h'is employer's forethought has secured ample    provision for. anything
that might1 turn up.     Not because of
insufficient practical or technical mining experience, mind you, for many of
the most callously indifferent    men
have been raised in and, about   the
mines.     But there is lacking in their
.mentality that something fools define
as cowardice, or fussiness, and wi:.e
men as philosophic   wisdom.     Tliey
lack that which is absolutely essential
to the best management in all cases
where' human lives aro (he stake, an
ever-present feeling of fear of what
might happen; not. largely, of course,
but in that quantity   of' the golden
means which would insure their care
regarding.details as well as the large
things; in short, a man who constantly labors under tho impression that it
is better policy, both from   his   own
point of view, and, from that pertaining to the company    employing him,
and for the not, less vital ethical consideration involved in the lives in his
care every  day,, to  spend  $10,00  to
prevent an explosion than $50,0,00 in
rehabilitation and law suits for damages'.     This of courso does not preclude the possibility of his being efficient in other qualifications necessary according to circumstances and
opportunity.     And among   the   many
mining men ,1 have known, they who
have developed that instinct of wholesome caution were the bravest when it
came to a pinch at tho other fellow's
mine.    That's a fact regarding which
I could fill many pages of "Mines and
Minerals" with corroborative stories.
Of course I do not know the men
actively engaged at all these mines
which have blown up', and any expression made in respect is general rather
than specific.     I refer to the mining
industry as a whole,    But what I decidedly want to convey to you fellows
who are indifferent even now, after
Monongah and Starkville,    you    men
whose mines are dusty and have not
much gas or none at all, but in which
there are other means of comnvunicat-
ing intense flame, is that a new era
of management   well besprinkled with
plenty of water and   a   considerable
.quantity— of_ca___iio.n_.and_care of the'
little*things, need not be defined by
you wrongfully. Rather we would have
you define it as essential precaution.
You are doubtless a hustler or you
wouldn't long hold your job; you are
here and there and everywhere in   a
ence between the burglar who is suddenly confronted'with the man he is
endeavoring to rob, and, fearing the
other might shoot* first, plugs him
with a bit of lead, and the man who
sits in a quiet office and does his killing. ' If the latter Is obdurate he is
blinded, let us hope, by., the nearness
of danger. ■*-**' To get a clear,-.perspective
of anything one must endeavor for a
sufficiently long time to get away from
it'. 'And the effort is surely "worth
while if it removes from your life
or from mine the possibilities of a life
of' regret and self-condemnation that
no power on earth can remove from us
onco it shall be accomplished.
In mining, as in the broader'affairs
of men, tliere aro more sins-of omission than commission, but unfortunately they are just as potent in filling a
graveyard and creating widespread
poverty among the innocent. Tho fact
that your mine gobs, your roadways,
your timbers, liko those at Starkville,
havo been covered with coal 'dust unrc-
moved for, upwards of a generation
without incident does not preclude the
possibility of it happening this month
or next, this year or the year following. Yet that is a very common line
ot reasoning indulged in by many of
us when we wish to delude ourselves
in a false belief of safety. A very illogical, method, I grant, not to say
criminal, yet, again, pitifully"commonplace. If you don't believe „it after
what has happened in the last decade
from Mexico to British Columbia, from
Pennsylvania to Utah, why you are beyond conviction and this article is not
for your kind.
And in closing let. us examine a
phase of the methods used at Starkville, not because* of any suggestion
we can make regarding the Colorado
mine, not because of any criticism 01-
condemnation for any of the officials
concerned therewith, but because of
the possibility that there is still at,
your mine, .amenable to changing before anything really bad comes of it,
just such a piece of misjudgement.
' It ,is said, the machinery driving the
fan drew its power from the same lines
as those furnishing power to the haulage motors. Here, in trying to kill
two birds with one' stone (a bit of
economy, by the way, which-.can," and
often does, result in more harm than
good about mines) those 111 charge
stood to have the men in the mine go
to their death in several ways contingent on several kinds ot accidents liable at all large mines. ; Not*, only was
the fan in each instance placed where
any_iuiiis_uaLfoi'&e__.c_x_erted on it from
the interior, could (and did) demolish
it, but they trusted to .everything going right along many miles of haul-
way to keep the ventilation going. A
mine fire, small in itself, at any one
of a  thousand places in  those vast
ing the reservoir, appliances, Mr. Dear-
den said that the next two "classes of
the regenerator and the liquid air types
were the rescue apparatus proper. Explaining the composition of the atmos-,
phere he said that the two chief elements were oxygen and nitrogen,'and
that nitrogen was a very inert gas
and would not .support life, whereas
oxygen,was a very a.itive gas'and a
life supporter.   If either gas was inhaled by itself death wo ild ensue, but
If allowed to mix together, they would
be ln about the proportion i.i 7!> parts
nitrogen and. 21 parts oxygen by volume, and when thus mixed.would form
air, which could be breathed with impunity. "When this air was inhaled into
the lungs, they retained the? oxygen,
but not the, nitrogen*.'    He explained
that although the lungs inhaled oxygen and nitrogen, yet they exhaled
•nitrogen and carbon-dioxide," and thus
exhaled air was, not fit _ to breathe
again.      He went on to  show  that
COS.could be absorbed from the exhaled air by means of caustic potash,
or caustic soda, thereby leaving the
nitrogen free, and also that if oxygen
was liberated it would mix with the
nitrogen in the proper, proportion to
form pure air.     This is tho principle
of tho regenerator.     The lungs take
up,the oxygen from the air.expelling
carbon dioxido and nitrogen.   , The apparatus took up the C02 and gave a
supply of oxygen, which mixed with
nitrogen and formed pure air again,
the carbon dioxide being absorbed by
means of the caustic potash. He then
explained hy means of largo1 diagrams
the advantages and disadvantages of
several of the regenerator forms, of
apparatus,, including the "Shamrock,"
the "Draeger," the "Weg," and "Tis-
sot,' and the "Fleuss," and    showed
drawings of persons fitted up with the
apparatus.     The liquid air type   was
explained next, preceded by a description of how liquid air was made, and
a large diagram showing how liquid
air was. manufactured was explained
in a very simple way which everyone
seemed to understand.     He said that
no compression,- however great, would
liquidfy air unless it was' at the critical temperature, and also that the
ration of expansion of water to steam
was about 1,700 to 1, whereas in air
itgwas 748 to 1, which meant that it
would take about 74S cubic feet of gaseous air of ordinary temperature   to
form one cubic foot of liquid air.   Aftor explaining tho relative degrees of
heat, water, ice, and other bodies, Mr.
Dearden, said that ice was hot as compared 1 with ■ liquid air,. which  had  a
temperature of — 312 degrees F„ The
critical temperature was —220 degrees
V., and the critical pressure 39 atmospheres.      After explaining the  principle of the "Dewas Vacuum Bulb," he
described   the   "Aerolith-Apparatus,"
showed  how  the  liquid 7, eventually
evolved ■ itself into gaseous air which'
was breathed by the wearer.    He also
describing ,* the   recent  modifications
which had been introduced to' the li-
Campaign Fluid of Lari
Proportions to Defeat
Workers' Plans
Office: Johnson-Faulkner BlocK.
Hours 9-12; 1-6;: .   ***   *       "Phopo.72
B. C.
day.     Doubtless you are* fnirfy _ well > J^'j^
educated, both generally and in mining
You have had all  the practical experience necessary lo make you proficient
and au all-round mining man.     You
understand tho possibilities that exist
in all-coal dust nnd gas, singly or individually, but—these things have always caused trouble at, the other fellow's mine.     Y011 nro the last to believe that your plant Is primo for such
a   happening.     Had   this   instinct of
precaution been sufficiently developed
explosions would nol. have occurrod.
Tlio coal dust accumulations of many
years along (lie miles    of   roadway
havo been thoroughly wetted and loaded out on Sunday nnd on Idle days or
nights,     A hose would havo washqd
down thoso trillions of carbon particles from tliolr lodging placos along
tho timber tops and the rib whIIb.   To
have obviated tho necessity of having
to tako timo.to instnll new fnns In
event nnythlng did happen, tho ventilators would hnve boon so sHunlcd that
the worst explosion could not    have
destroyed thom nor their operating np-
pnratiiH.     Thoy would havo boon In
oporntlon In 10 to Ifi'minutes at most
nftor tho blow, pumping the fresh nlr
ho ottHcntlnl to vgrcuo.     AIho, being
so vital a part of the mlno mnchlnory,
tlioy would have received their power
direct, nnd not hnvo been dependent
on  nil  kinds of (*ontln.**onolo.H  nlong
tlio nuiln lino at wiring.    Iind tho wip-
erlntendoiitfl been lho logical mon I
iiKHinno thom to lm   now, tlioy could
readily have convinced IheiiiHolveHiind
their, coinpniilcH thnt 11 few   hundred
dollnrH expended nlong   Hioho   IIiioh
tIioho   IIiioh   Hlooil   every   rlmvoftl-lm
st ond  every poHwIldo cliiinco of hiivIih;
tho compiitilcH ninny mnny thouHiindti
uomo unlucky dny, nml, Hhouhl everything i.ontliiiio to mu without noohlont
of Ilie ('hiinicti'i- undo. iIIhciihhIod, the
additional  security nud  Hinooth*ninti-
lin. i|iiitllili*H would amply r*.*my iln*
nllglit InvoHtinriit,    That Ih Ionic Hint
never fnllw to move nny "Unlil wild'"
holding tho purm* of a conl or nny other corporiitlon nnd roiivlncoH him Hint
..■(it'll hi Itch put In lhe corporate cloth
today RtnudH to save nlno to-morrow.
It It iloeH not, my ndvlco Ih to hung on
to your ri-rtHoiiIni*; nnd find 11 now employer,     OlhorwlHO Iio'h JiihI iih llnhlo
to leavo you, iih well uh the mon, wUh*
lug you had, some day ynu uro knocking about In lho mine.    And If your
own   idons  ciifiiuy  e..|*n.-i»i".(-*i   -...ii   .«
Hi-Jin-- ■....:.-j,.'* ... j-i.nr rtlrerMrin. father,
,    ,,        ... _    .   in* your IiihI  pin-il, the overwhelming
K'a1,,.!",.!!*.'":--.^ &VJV'J*t.H% °' lmriKH of ovidoneo.iloiiR thin lino which
..V, I'l.'l..I>".,'1,.Y_/.,,V. .•''."."!*.!''!. '!.'."■.. .y'!!! i-"1-** "I'l'enrril In ".MIiioh iuul .MIik-iuIh
The Bald Headed Man may
took Wise
Bat If Ho Had Been Ho Would Have
Hair Now
You do not want a Molontlflc tro.itUn
on Uio hulr foUlclts—you nro not pur-
tlcularly liitoruntnd In tho name of
tho -Uormnii suluitiUt who IhoIuh-u tlm
Imu* thut lu "aid to uiiuhu liultli.uKii,
What ynu <lo wunt tn know In how tu
iiavn thu hakr you havo und iuul;-* It
utrmiK anil lustrous.
•.<;•„ \'„    lll-immnn    w||l    ,.n    |(    lioHer
llinn iiiiytliinn -llnu. 1
Jt   l:i  iit*.i   MM mi*-1   \XxnX   Ulrmitmin tn I
a  wnmlorful   Melon Ulio   nbcrut— nut   it 1
Id   Ihu   r.!M;l*M«j    JCHnl.    (if   llll    tllllt   tn '
will notico ii'prompt ii.iiHuvi.tii-.nl lu
tin. f(-|.IIiih* uf tin' m-nlp unit tlm look
,<■  •.     1 ..1.
I l|l«lll(l||_.    .(.(-Kuril*.    Ill,It    ni,h*>..,    .,,,
nri_.lv nn.) rimttflii tli-iiu-it <m t'.„- ..-■■.i_>
—.MI tint I ii I <• x tli" Iiilr in.!!.-. ji ml irlu-x
tli*w   liln  ntul   U'.iii-   In  ti,i,   i.i'.ir   i'.i-lf,
Nynl'H Hli-mitMiic Klv.-'i li .dl In iiii.
hull' ntl*I m.':i!|. juxt wh.ii ll u.i ' ,.< I'll
rohlii-il  of liy  Xtotf  ne.;.. -.1  nivl  ,,!> 10.
It In tlmn '.«» Murl  iiui.1.    I'.'i.t ii!r-
■ UtHllii.
It   Ih  one (..' Xhti  Ny.il   icimiIIi.-.   ,iml
no ki_i;.it-r r-m...;,.■ u '  '■:••■ ■■■-. i     ■■ic-
•n It.   T!n-y am mi uw„t.    r.-.u ...ur   men whom fnitiinn _.;■■-, hiw-ii    ,\\\,\o
NjrM DnmRim.    He i..c,mi.i*.n.l-*i It.      tn0,lf,v tlinu hrnliiH.     I absolutely ro
Vor Fale and  -Cunrantood  by       .iiim* hi Ih-IIum* It l.-; tlm wilful 1! ell I' ■".**■
ilurliiK the IiihI 10 yeniH; ovidoneo
which Is ns lucenti-overl llilo iih Umi
till' c'll'tl) 1.1 fflllllil, lli.'it hiic'ii iinm--.
nn .wuirx do explodo under cortnln ton-
dltloiiR which It Ik your denim to foreman, If ho iitlll rcHlntH your effort
lo mnko tlio nifCHHriry clmiiKPH It's up
lo you to mnko the next move, nnd
menu while pity the hllmliieHH of noma
ed hy changing the current while efforts wero made lo remove the men
from the interior, if-all went well along
tho hauhvays. Hut, assuming it occurred, as It most likely would, along
tlie main roads, and ol'f went the ventilating power, the air in the mine
al. onco would become stagnant, and
the men in the workings perish. *' But.
taking thc same possibility, and grnnt-
ing that previously thoro hnd been a
liLtle trouble and expense to carry the
wires from tho power house lo thoso
fans somewhere above or below,
ground, If in the lattor case it were
not, along tho hnulwayB, or If so, so
guarded as to ho safe from ordinary
short-circuiting and other nccldonts,
and the last thing that, could bo dono
to safeguard tho men's lives would
havo been dono, Verily, as it was,
In a mine of Stnrkvillo's character
tho management plnyed ngninst, fnto
with long odds ngnliiBl..Lliom. And
whilo thoy did hot lose by flro, they
lost, In tho other way, Obviously tho
officials thoro had not. retained In their
memories the Iohboii' nil lenrn In hoy-
hood, that If 0110 contlnuOH to play
wllh firo soonor or Inter Iio.Ih pretty
Hiiro to bo burned. I'll warrant tboro'H
a better nrniiKomonl. of tho vontllntlng
nppnrnttiB nt the Slnrkvlllo plnnt now
and a direct application of powor,
Ilut why not b'oforo? Surely the
lniuui'-.omcm hiiw tho possibilities of
mich nu urrniigonioiit, Seems no^nb-
vIouh 10 the onlooker Unit. 11110 would
not lio BiirprlHoil lo lioui* of llio imp-
pern in n similar ciiho nuikli].. nppllcii-
tion to tho Rlnto luHjioctor fnr 11 clmngo
In motliodH or n chnngo lu IioiuIh, or
refusing to work until tho pertilclouH
pouHlbllltloH wore removed, Surely
mnn„ cnllliiK ihoiiiHolvoH niiperliilond-
outh, iiifinitBorH, foremen, or whnl not,
1*011.il noo Uioho sl.pplo ..HlumhlliiR
liloclot which nt any tlmo might trip
thctn, nud ut ono blow mulo till thoy
liml dono In oilier directIoiih, Surely tliolr mining oMX-rlencu W»H ,,,lffl*
ciont lo hoo hoyond moro toinpornry
nocosHlty! Ilut wiih It? Ih yonvH?
If thoy did why didn't they .romovo
tho difficulty? Why don't you ro*
movo yourn?
Whnt. happened nt Slnrkvlllo tomplH
iih tn tho mngwinlmily of believing
thoy didn't,'or U.1h story I lmvo JtlBt
rend of deiilh In, that Colorado mine
would never hnvo lind to bo written.—
Sim HoyiiohlH In MIiioh nnd Mluerum.
A lecture wns given nl thn hend*
nunrtoi'H of tho Awton llrnntii of tho
; '.*.. , ;,! I"''..**.*.■-!■••-. Ti'ifonifiri A«-
HOilatloii, by Mr, Wm. Dcardon.
After o-qil'ilnlug what wuh meant by
the term rcucuo iipparnturt, tho lecturer mild Unit tho vnrloiiH nppllnncoH
could he divided Into flvo cIuhhoh. Hoh-
plnii 0111 or nlr fill orn cnmo under the
i-I'i**,' I; .nlii*. npp/irntiiH undor cIiihh 'i
reservoir iippiuntiiH uiuler i-Iiuis H; the
ri'i'i'iid-i-ninr rliiHd I: nnd liquid nlr np-
Office Headeraon Block, Pernie B.C.
Houra 9 to i;.2 to 5; 6 to 8. **
Residemce 21 Viotoria Ave.,
W. R. Ross K.C. W. S. Lane
Barristers and, Solicitors,
quid air apparatus. . '        ~T
A vote of thanks was moved by Mr.
P. Derbyshire, president of.the Association, who asked all members to continue taking a, fervent interest in all
_cct.ures.  • ,    :     .
,Mr. "Webster, in seconding, spoke of
the benefits of belonging to an association with such objects and benefits
to bo gained by, becoming members,
and helping in the' great work which
the Association had begun.
jnio purpose of uny milling nwiu 10 my \ pnnitns iIiiks :.,     He Hft'ld tho resplr-
i with human life, cvf-n whon M I» ofjntoiH wiih of very limited Application,
Cot for «ch «v«ryd_y «QiU8t
tho lowcKt grade of lnbor. I ennnot
(miri-lvo of a man In his right sen*-****
oloUbrrAt. ly plnclm** hlniHolf boforo
Clod, oven If ho nmungfi" to hoodwink
nnd Menp« h\* wato'n \m, a* ',* l*****'-
detormlned ulnuBhtercr of Jilu kind In
cool calculation Involving only rtoltavn
and contu.     There Is a vast dlffor*
could 1101 \tb used for cnterlriB smoky
ainnwphorcn, nnd explnlnn.1 tho reason why the nlr hernmo flltflrod. Tho
tubo iipjiaiutiiH couJiJ be itsfd for hwrn-
Cut. IniH'ffii.vi or nt r.oh i*lr*".<« In mlnrw,
but ho pointed out lho daiiRer that
might occur from tho Nil**** hnltiR clou*
od by falling ntones.    Aftor explain*
.    By Edwin-W. Whent.
"I don't believe In unions,' said one
printer to another, tho other day.
"They pay tho samo in tho shop whore
T work as they do In yours, And I
don't havo to pay dues, or attend
meetings, or go on striko just becauRO
somebody olse ln my shop is dissatisfied."
"nut," said his companion,-"nro you
awnro of the fact that tho only reason
your employer pays as much ns ho
doos Is because most, of tho best
printers aro unionized,,and ho is compelled to pay tho wngos demanded by
high-sinus workmen thnt. ho needs in
his Hue o£ work? You avo reaping lho
fruit of our dues-paying, our attendance at meetings, and our strikes; but
without hearing your shnro of tho
union work thnt. Is necessary lu ordor
to obtnin tho wages tlmt you and I
both get,   ,
'And when wo go on strike for hot-
tor wngos you, romnin at work, thus
mnklng It thnt much linrdcr for us to
win, Yot, whon wo do win, nnd your
omployer ifl.obllf.ed to ngnln IncroiiRo
your wngoH In ordor lo koop Hklllod
worliiiuui, you reap the.benefit You, a
wiige-Klnvo llko oniwilvoH, nro npiira*
site on uh. Yes, thnt Is JiiHt whut. you
nre— n wngo-Rlnvn pnrnHlto!1
*        #        *       *        *,       *, ,
"I don't bollovo lii Soclnlism,' Hnld
one workor to nnotlior, iih ho wnlkod
inlo llio polling plnco nnd voted tho
ticket of n party Ihnt million big
promises jtuil boforo oloctlon, nnd
bronkH thorn nil tho rost of tlio yonr,.
"Yoh. I'll admit thnt. what the Soelnl*
IhIh Htnnd for would hoiieflt tho workers, nml Ih dol iik no In Mllwnukeo, nnd
ono or two other plncoHi hut, thoro In
no olmiK.0 of thoir winning horo, «o I
don't propose to throw my volo nwny."
"Do you know,' snld IiIh Soclnllflt
companion, "Unit tho bigger tho SoclnllHt. voto U—ovon If wo. dont elocl, our
ticket-—tho moro likely we nro to ffot
luws and court decisions fnvornulo lo
tho workers.? Ah Mr. Dooley rmyi.,
'Tho Rooprnymo court dnyBlzhutifl follow tlio iiiiiibiitiu 1..j!,.-*;*..-.," ;.;._! thc
i.*i,OJ!J(l'iii;* hnve thoir onv to tho
ground, When llioy-roo Socialist.
Honilmont growing, thoy got right on
Uio Job nnd glvo Uio workers a labor
lnw or two, for four of losing tliolr
iulm a couplo of youi'H Inter.
"Whenever ynu Min ;. \,\x,\*\ W„ h*--*
on tho hook« of tho workorn you mny
gnmhlo Ihnt Homebody Iiiih been neared
hnlf to ilenth by tho big litcreaso In
tlio SoclnllHt voto. And you got tho
benefit of thnt law or thnt decision,
dou't you? When wo HoclnllHts got It
tor you,
'Como, brother, get In lino. Don't
bo a pnrnslto on tlm Ruclulliitii. Of
courBo, Soclnllum won't win «o Ions
ns you nml thi> other fellow don't
voto for It! Holp UR to double tho
voto nnd douhlo It again, nnd thon
h-oth you nnd we shnll gel moro labor
Inwa nnd lnbor decisions. Do your
hustling on your own nccounl fov
whnt yon wnnt. Don't bo n wnge-
slnve parnsltol"
PITTSTON. Pa.—Frightened by* the
growth of class-conscious ideas among
the United Mine Workers of America
and determined if possible to savo the
face of John Mitchell, who was recently ordered by the miners' convention
at Columbus to get out of the union
or out of tho National Civic Federation, the financial powers' behind Mitchell have begun'Tm underhand campaign among the miners to have the
action of the convention repudiated.
. It was in the anthracite region that
Mitchell has his greatest personal following, and it. is in this district that
the backers of the Civic Federation
have begun a° campaign of reaction
which „they hope will lead to Mitchell
being retained in both the union of
the miners aud the organization of tho
Quick Action Neodod   '
Mitchell is now in a position whero
he must repudiate the union of tho
Civic Federation by April 1, and frantic efforts are being made to havo the
action of the Coiumbua convention repudiated before that date.
Last week the agents of the Civic
Federation got the. miners together
In a* mass meeting and friends of Mit-
,chell offered a resolution .condemning the action of the Columbus convention. Not a word was said about
the Civic Federation being backed by
millionaire labor exploiters aud used
to break strikes. Instead the .name
ol Mitchell was shouted at the miners
and they were induced to think that
the Columbus resolution was nothing
but a piece of spite directed at Mitchell. Absolutely no defense of the
Civic' Federation was made.    -B    •-
'~- M¥sY*Fight~3ocialism ™
A resolution was adopted repudiating the action of the Columbus convention. But the bare hand of the
Belmont-Carnegie crowd was shown
when speakers repeatedly referred to
the spirit of Socialism which had
come "to menace the union . in tho
anthracite region, as detrimental to
the welfare and best interests of its
members."  •
There can be no doubt that the millionaire backers of the Civic Federation aro prepared to spend a vast sum
of money to overcome the terrific blow
to its prestige Inflicted by tho aroused
miners. A series of four mass meetings is to be hold in behalf of Mltcholl
In this town, and the cnmpnlgn will
bo conducted along similar lines
throughout the mining regions of
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Veterinary, Surgeon
A. McDougall, Mgr     :*
■..-•*• ,, 1
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your ordfers
Calls promptly made,  day or night
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P. O. Box. 1126
Phone 882
325,  Fifth  Avenue, W.
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining Room MgV
"I feel In myself tho futuro life. I
nm llko a forest once cut down; the
now shoots nro stronger nnd (livelier
thnn ovor. I nm rising, I know, toward tho sky, Tho wimshlno Is on
my hend, Tho' oarth gives mo lt«
generous sap, but heavon lights mo
with tho reflection of unknown worlds,
"You say tho soul Is nothing hut
lho rosullant of tho bodily powcrn.
Why, thon,# Is my soul moro luminous whon iny bodily powors begin to
fall? Winter Is on mj; head, hut eternal spring Is In my hoart. I Wreathe
ul. this hour tho frngrnnco of tho llliic.s,
vIoIotR, nnd th-3 roses ns nt twenty
yours, The nearer I approach tho
ond tlio plainer I henr nround mo tho
immortal symphonies of Uio worlds*
which Invito me, It Is mnrvollous,
yot simple. It In n fnlry talo and lt,
Is history,
"I'or hnlf 11 century I hiivo hoon
writing my thoughts In prone nml In
vorso; hlslory, philosophy, drnmn, romance, tradition, mil Ive, odo and hoih*;;
I hnvo tried nil. Hut 1 fool I hnvo not.
Hnld llio thouHiiniHh pnrt of whut, Ih In
1110. When I k« down to tho grnvo I
enn sny llko tunny olhoi'H, 'I hnvo
finished my dny'H work.' Hut 1 can*
nnl sny 'I hnvo finished my lifo.' My
day's work will begin ngnln Ihu noxt
morning, Tho lomh Is not n Wind alloy; It Is 11 thoroughfare. It closes
on tho twilight, It opoiiR on tho dnwn,"
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
On first class
business and rest*
dential  property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
KnqulrlcH having reached tho Do-
pnrtmont from tlmo to tlmo ns to tho
minimum penuu ior \*.i*i**ii u itv\,t>\i.tkr
«■(* oi' in-i'h'illi'.il 'h-'iih. be pnld for
or ordered beforo tho person pnylng
or nrdorlng would ho oonntdored a
regulnr bona fido subscriber (0 the
pub!IcnHon within tho moaning of tho
Vont Office Act, n doelslon hns boen
reached flxln/f tho jn'ni'miuin pin mi.
nt. ono month In tho enso of dnlly nows-
papers, liml six months In tho enno of
fortnightly, semi-monthly or monthly
I'oHtiiiiiHtei'H nnd puhllnl.ern nro nd*
vised of tho nbovo for their guidance.
IO. II, I.ASClHNUr.ll,
ANfllRtnnt Deputy Postmnittor
Dr, de Van's Female PHts1
A lelUbli French ii-fttUtar; turn ftl'i. Thtu
pills »r« evcetdlngiy powerful In regulitlnir th*
Ifeatnilvo portion tii Oi*feni-lr t-rtfttti. H.t-n*
ttll chttp tmlUltoni, Dr. de Ym'i *r« told it
lis. U*i*t, (>c ltu_ lul ttO. tt_.lt..J ti any n.M,T>«».
Tb* LMb-ffi >Jru* Co,, St. CeiXtamu. Ont.
For Sale at Dleandall'• Druo Store,
Fernie Dairy
delivered    to   nil
parts of tho town
.„ ♦
Sunders &. Verhaest Brothers.
♦ ♦•*►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<► ♦*♦
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141, MootB ovory Frldny night nt
8 p. tn, Minors' union hnll. J.
JncliRon, Prosldont; 13. Miirsilmni,
Itocordlnn; Socrotnry.
Qartendori' Loeal No. 514: Moots 2nd
nnd 4th SimdnyB nt 2.30 p.m. Bocrotnry J. AV Qouplll, Waldorf Hotol. ■„■
*Al«tVS>**i.lr    i-VW.*'    .*W.   •-- 1  .    y -    '   '■
Meetfl 9,nd nnd -1th Thurndiiy Minors
Union hnll.    J). Hoon, Sort.
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Cmninoi-cinl
and Toiu'IkL House"
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Llq
uldator and Trustee; auditor tc
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
P, 0.  Box 308
H. H. Depew
P. O. BOX 423.
Typographical Union No. BBS*   Moats
Inst Snturdny In onch month at tho
'..-.il*:: OH'.t"}.     A, 7, "niicl-lny  Roe-
rotnry, „
Local Fernie No. 17 8, P. of C. Moots
In Minors Union Hall evory Sundny
ut 7.-IC p.m. Kvoryhody welcome. I).
I'nton, Socrotnry-*Tron8uror.
Aiualoamated Society Cnrpontnrii and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hnll ovory
nlternnto Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 367.
UnlUd Brotherhood of Carpenter* and
Jolnerac-r-oool USD. r>. ,T. Bvanfl,
President; F. H. Bhaw, Secretary.
and Transfer
Wood arid Hard Coal ■?,
for Sale J!
— r».
LGeorge Barton    Phono 78 i
IS WING    *'
:[ WM.     BARTON 5,
i [   Afrunt   Fcrote   Brartoh
■ t
LPellatt   Ave*   North 3 THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 4, 1911.
■   ■   K)
''   .
. **•
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers
-0. -■■■*.♦'
♦.. . UPOZORNENIA ■   "  ..    ♦
V statnom sudohnom. dome
vdbivanom v Pondelek.dna
16hi Januara ,.1911, Pompei
Clieilli bol dosnani, o krades
miner v Coal Creek a odsu-*
deni na 3 mesace zalaru tvidy
■   .   „   ' AVVISO
Nella corte provinciale di
Fernie Gennaio 16, 1911, fu
arrestato Pompei Cheilll, per
il latroniggio dei carrl dei
'minatori, a No. 5 e No. 1
Nordo. mina, Coal Creek: II
quale fu condannato a tre
mesi di lavoro forsnto.
In the Provincial Court held
at Fernie on Monday, Jan. 1G,
1911, Pompei Cheilli wns convicted of the theft of miners'
cars at No. 5 and No. 1 north
mines, Coal Creek, and sentenced to three-months' imprisonment with hard labor.
Crow's  Nest   Pass  Coal  Co.
sente,* ed essere cosi padre, inarito,
compagnq ed ainico modello. *
Siete "cosciente? 'Ebbene, diteml:
siete "inscritto alia Federazione del
vostro mestiere? Fate parte alia Se-
zione del vostro partito?. Leggete e
sostenete i giornali ai-propaganda?
Leggete dei* libri, e degli opuscoli?
Li divulgate? Siete capace di qualche piccolo sacrificio per la vostra
Idea? Di lasciar di here il* mezzo
litro per mandare quattro soldi ai,lavoratori in isciopero che lottano colla
fame, e per abbonarvi acl un giornale
che vi istruisce c vi da modo dl far
propaganda?  >
-~e fate tutto questo iiotetc dire di
essere davvero lavoratore forte e cosciente, che.conosco e sa far rispettare
i propril dlrittl, propri doveri.
Ma se invece il vostro soclallsmo si
riducesse a here il bicchicre di vino
aH'osteria, a cantare una canzone e
batter' pugni su le tavolc, allora, crede-
telo, siete un uomo' inutile a voi ed
agli altri; vi appaiate al crumiro che
maledlte, e 'talora potete anche rius-
clre di danno e di disonore a quella
causa cho dlte dl aver sp'orato.—Do-
menico Saudino.
. Crumiro e sinbnlmo'' di traditore.
•"Come "Giuda trndi Gesu § Cristo, ' il
crumiro tradisee 11 fratello lavoratore....'-'   *     -
E... chi o crumiro? 't_ crumiro
ehl tradisee • i compagni che lottano
per la conquista dl qualche migliora-
mento; e, nello sciopero, va cosj a
lavorare lo stepso. ■ E' crumiro che
cercando* solo il proprio s;retto torna-
corito-danneggia il compabno di fatic£.
1_ crumiro chi si offre a sostituire, un
altro lavoratore a.peggiori condizioni.
Ed e crumiro infine, chi, esercitandcr*
un mestiere, e sapendo che e'e*la ris-
pettiva lega dl resistenza, non vi pre*
nde parte.
-Di crumiri ce ne sono di due specie:
rincosciente, ed il consapevole.. 1-3'
crumiro incosciente colui',' che essen-
do o stupido, od ignorante "non cap-
isce" quel che fa; non sa che voglia
dire organizzazione, soUdarieta e lotta di classe; e danneggia cosi ines-
orabilmente e se e i compagni tutti.
■E'* criimiro "consapevole colui che,
esseiulo invece bastantemenle sveglio
ed istruito, sn che compieun tradimen-
to, sa clie danneggia gravemeiite i compagni, -e pure lo fa,' o per, ignobile in-
P   "■   toressoTliersonaJe.  o per vilta e _)er-
{ verslta'd'nnlm'b.
| *, II  crumiro..Incosclontb  e degnd, di
"}     „ ' tutto 11 compallmento , ne va insultato,
( ma piuttosto preso alle buone. A poco
7        a poco, istrtiendolo, rendendolo edoto
del proprio dlritt o del conseguenle do-
vere, facendoglt''intendcre chiaramen-
!      -   te l'errorc in cui cade ed 11 danno che
,' apporta anche a se stesso   compiendo
|        rignobllo tradlnicnto; lo si potra ren-
y .      dore.consclo, ed avviarlo sulla rettn
,' .     v|n*v *
i Qiinnto al crumiro consapevole va
I dlsprezzato o spulncchlnlp, esso o Pes-
) sere plu vile o piu abmeUo cho ahitl la
( faccia della term.
'j . Affinl nl oriinilro. roho corttinl che
, piir dlccndosi socialisti, o magari nn-
, che nntirchici, non miiovono poro mni
un sol dito, per far si cho prntlcamenio
| ' nilgllorlno lo condizloni Intollottunll e
mntorlali delle clnssl'ljivoratrlel, Bene
flposso, Hpcciulmento pol  qunndo son
* mozzo nltlccl, essi non Hinoltoiio mnl
dnl decnntnro su tutti I ton! 11 rltornol-
lo: "son rlvoluzloiiiirlp..", o hnttondo
'del torrlhlll, pugl che mettono n provn
la Holidltn delle tnvolo, urlnro con la
voco  nrroehlln  gll   "nhhnsso",  ed   I
Ma cotostl mesBorl, hon soventl como
"    tllsHl. si contontano dl guiirdiiro boll-
nmonto 11 tomiio cho passu, o pogglo,
hoffnro o crltlcnro coloro cho fan qun-
Icohii dl ]ilu posit Ivo.    No ho visit pas-
sure 11 loro mngglor tompo nollo os-
torlo, ovo, mozzo ithbrlnchl, dlHlrugge-
vano mozzo mondo.    No ho vlsll nltrl
trasnndiire lediicnzlono del flp.Il,    cd
aneho   mnltnittnrll hoiizii rnglono, In
,        eompnfrnln dolln miidro loro.     No ho
vlsll  nltrl hnzzlenro col protl  o for-
cnloll, o, qunndo sarohho ntnto tompo
dl dlro n ehl'ira voce ln loro convln-
zlono nlcchliiro, tncoro od nncho par-
Inro contro cnselon/n....
Un lnvorntoro cofiolonto dovo spoil-
<       doro I rllngll dl tompo noiristriizlona
o lioH'ediicnzlono mm, del niiol o do'
•roinpn-mil.     Dovo linpriitU'hli'H! dollo
(lUOBtlonl opornlo eiirnro In propiiKim-
dn dollo liloo proprio, dovo dodlchiHl
iill'uiilone o iiiroi'|.iinlzzozlon(* del com*
piiKiil opnrnl,    Dovo loneriiun coiito-
uno o'loinpliiro, Incrlllcnhllo, dovo hoih-
pro moHtrnro hi nohllln iloll'Idonlo oho
Vedle. statu s obyvatelstvemnarod-
nostnS jednotnS slo?.en*ym, jako Nlzoz-
emsko, Dansko, Svddsko . a Norsko,
Portugalsko, Italie, Bulharsko, jest
v6t§i poCet statfl s narodnostni sm<Ssici
Sem patri predevsim staty osadni,
tak zvlast-5 Spoyen6 Staty Severom-
ericke^," Kanada, Argentina, a ostatnl
jihoamericke* republiky, jisthi Afrika,
Indie, pak ale tak<5 CIna a Rusko, tak-
t6Z Finsko, Turecko, dale NSmecka
rise s polsk"?mi, dansk-/mi a francouz-
skj-mi Castmi obyvatelstva, Velka Bri-
tanie a Irsko s kelticl;-.rm obyvatel-
stvem vedle anglicke'ho, Svycarsko s
NSmci, Francouzy, Italy, koneCn-S Uhry
a zem5 na rade riSske zastoupen<5.
Cely vyvoj kultury, rozvoj vsegh sii
ducha, hospodarstvi a demokracie jsou
pi-irozene vazany na jine predpoklady
v zemich iinrodnostn<5 smisonych' a
narodiiostnS • jednotnJ"'ch. ze* ale jest
ucelenost'statnl vule, silnyvyraz hos-
podarskycli sii energickS hajeni zajihfl
tridnlch mozno v- zemich narodnostiii.
.nejednotnych, ukazuji Spojen-5, Staty
Americk6, zemi5 s' nejsilndjsi smCsici
narodu a s nejrychlejsim "vyvojem v
oboru hospodarskem. Nedaji-li' s'e
smery vj-voje Spojenych Statfl proste
prenaseti na .iin(5.*zeni5, mozno prece
konstatovati* smJrbdalnym jedno du-
IeZite hledisko. Take' ve Spojenych
statech americkych maji prislSJi.ovalcL
rpti mocne" koncentraci ■' kapitalistiek-
ych sii ve Spojenych. Statech Americkych, zdal se ka&ly^pokus tohoto *ne-
moznym, protoze byl y rozporu s hos**
podarskym poznatkem a* odborovymi
Ve Yelke* Britanii a Irsku, pozoru-
jeme,takt(5z uciuky mocne"ho presuno-
yani narodnosti. N<5me5ti, slovansti
a zidovasti .dSlnici stShovali sp pres
kanal, po krar.kdm pob>'tu'V cizim ok-
oll' se vradili do anglicky'ch odboro:
v<;ch orga'nisaci. Dfile2itSjSi ne2 prisv-
tfihovalectvi s pevniny bylo silne" pris-,
tShovalectvi Irfi do Anglie, cel6 pruniy-
slove.Ctvrti anglickych mSst maji vice
obyvatelstva irskeho pfivodu, nez anglicke'ho. — "V rad5 zivnosti lest ucast
irskdho obyvatelstva napadn6 a£ sill v
dobach nejcstrejsich protiv * mezi Iry
a AngliCany , vidime prece Iry i_ An-
glii_any v odborovych organisacich"spo-
jem. k pevne* jednotnosti v boji proti
podnikatelstvu a kraCeti bd uspfichu k
uspfichu, pri zlepsovani irizdovych a
pracovnich podminek. AngliCane a
Irov6 se na poii politickdm na.spo-
leCenskdm, na kulturnlm, v cel-5m po-
jimahi politicky dosazitelndho" a za-
(louciho ostre rozliSovali, jakozlo bo-
jovnici prtl vydiranl, pri vymahani
vySSi mzdy a krnlsi pracovni doby
tvorili ucelenou jednoluost ve svych
trades-unilch. V rozporu Irft a An-
gliCanfl jevi se nam v ramci Spojend-
ho kralovsvti dv6 _ narodnosti, jez se
co nejostreji potirajl, jich2, prflmy-
slovi dfilnici ale nikdy iiezapomnSH
na slovo Disraeliho o dvou narodios-
tech v Anglil, o ,proletarich a vyd(5ra-
cich, o dvou narodnostech, mluviclch
rflznymi reCmi, jez si neroziime"ji, jeJ
ninji rflzny' zivot citovy. ruznd kruhy
zajmovd, rflznd' potreby kulturnl.
Na rozdil.od Anglie slysime trl narodnosti, obyvajici Svycarsko, zvlaSt-5
ale n5meck6 Svycary* a francouzsk(5
Svycary, tvrditi, ze existuje narpdnost
svycar-ska. ■ Tento fakt ale nemSni
nie z prikr^ho razpora kapitala a
prace, jez doconazeji vyrazu v podob§
komandovani voiska protl stavkujicim
a v jednostranndm chovani republikan-
skych vlad ve -prospSch, kapitalistfl,
Jednotnost narodnosti., triSti se i v re-
publikanskdm" Svycarsku pri kazdem
sporu mezi .praci a kapitalem, zajmy
dSlniku se poji dohro'mady, jako -take"
spiyvaji naprosto zajmy kapitalistfl.
Tak vidime az na zcela nepatrne vy-
jimky delniky SvJ'carskd slouCeny v organisacich bez ohledu na harodost. Od-
brovd' ustredny uraduji v rflznj'cii re-
Gich zemskyclvodborne* listy jsou sroz-
umitelny pro n6meckeho Svycara i pro
Svycara francouzsk<_ho, dBleni zda se
bez uzitku a gkodnym, nebezpefii jeho
u'znava se vsemi Svycarskymi dSlniky.
"Podobne* jako ve gvycarsku, maji se
vSci v .Belgii. Flamov-. a Yaloni oby-
vaji zemi, v kazde tovarnS a v kazd§
tiling nalezame prisluSniky obou narodnosti, Priavynalozeni sebe vfitsiho
usill pri studiu, belgickdho delnickSho*
hnuti nemozno v- ramci' zastupovani
prole.tarskych zajmfl vflbec a odborovych zvlastS nalCzti n§jaky rozpor mezi obSma!mrpd_nostaii__________,,lo_Js_3.
separatistickd, krlijlo v Ceskdm" od-
borov-_im hnuti iiaprostot isolovano.
Pouziva metod, je2 jsou v cel6m*pro-
letarskdm svSt§ neznamy a povazovany
za'' skodlive. -. Scesti jest die zkuse-
nosti vsech narodnosti to, na n6z se
dostala Cast Ceskych soudruhfl. Kii
zkusenosti Interniicioiialy, k(5z ne tuze
velkymi obetmi' pro nase Ceske soud-
i-uhy se posiara hospodarsky vyvoj o
to, aby brzy vedll boj ve stejne uce-
lenosti a seskupenl jako dielriici cel^hb
svgta, ze San. Frauciska az po Vladl-
vostock, od Kapskeho M<5sta az po
doly l?iplandsk(S. ,
An Anecdote of Duport and the  Emperor Napoleon.
Napoleon, in ■ n ivay, was fond of
music. It is admitted that the musical, tastes bf "lhe Corsican ._pgi;c-"
were not elevated, But for all that he
loved'singing so,much tliat many a
tliue afler a concert he ordered the
vocalists' to como to the palace and
sing before hlm and the Empress Josephine. ,
A curious anecdote Is told of his
brusque manner of dealing with artists. One night at a concert nt the
Tuileries, while Duport, the famous
violoncellist, waa performing a solo,
(lie emperor suddenly entered. Ills
majesty nodded Ids. head approvingly
nnd when thc pleco was finished said
to Duport:
"How the deuce do you manage to
l;eep tbat instrument so motionless?"
And, taking up the,cello, he tried to
jam it between his spurred boots.
Poor Duport nearly fainted when lie
saw. his treasure (reared like a war
horse. For several minutes he looked
on,, trembllngi from head to foot. At
last, however', ho darted forward and
callod out ""Sire!"* ln such pathetic
tones that the emperor handed lilm
back the instrument.
Duport thereupon showed bow the
instrument was held, but every time
his Imperial master extended his hand
to attempt to. do it himself Duport
threw himself bad; in alarm till finally Josephine whispered something to
her husband, who burst out laughing
and put an end to the cello lesson.
One   Romance   of   Uncle   Sam's
Letter Office.
Something like 2,0G.0,O00 letters annually fail of delivery .in the United
{Stales', owing to insufficient postage or
incorrect addresses. The dead letter
oflico at Washington employs a large
force of clerks to handle these. The
packages that have been received at
the .dead letter ofllce have contained
false'teeth, glass eyes, brass keys aud
thousands of otBer things tliat one
would never expect to lind iii' the
' lt would be interesting: to'know how
many engagements have been broken,
how many friends have heen estranged, how many fond hearts have not
been reunited, how many deals "liave
fallen through, how much money lias
been lost and how many quarrels have
been prevented by letters that never
A pretty romance was revealed at
the dead letter olllce the oilier day
when a young woman -culled Ihero lo
see if a wrongfully addressed letter
had been received. It had, and she
was greatly relieved. "I heard thai
Jack1 wns untrue," she said, "niul
wrote him. breaking our .engagement.
The day nftor I wrote I found out Unit
I was wrong. My heart was almost
broken, hut Jack kept right on coming
to see mc iinfl never mentioned lhe letter. ■ I began to think I _ must lmve
misdirected ll and lliid'that'l did. It
must have been fate, Now he will
never know.'' 7"
silnou-potrebu, abv udrzeli svoji kul-
tui-iii jednotnost.     Vidime-noviny, le-
taky a kniby porizone" a*re6ich a pis-
nm vystShoviilcfl, pri volebui   .'agtaci
uzlva se vSecli ro5I, litorarni, zpevackg
a jin<_ pospolit<_ spolky dbnji o spole-
Cne. kulturnl zajmy rflznych narodnosti
uvnitr stcjneho uzemi hospodarskeho.
Ale ve snazo a bojich hospodarskych
vldmo vSe nmerlkanisovano.     Tu vidime, i na strane kapitalu i na strane
prace, jak vSochny Sranky pfivodu" a
red, kultiiry a Hteratury, spoleeensk-
ych zvykfl a mravfi padaji, lu vidime,
jak jest vSo spbjeno hospodarskou za-
jniovou jednotnosti a snahou dod<31ati
se'cllo jednotnosti vule a mod.  -Bn
I osti-n protlva mezi bClochy a 6er-
nochy se nnmnozo prckonnva, kdo jdo
o lo, nby hnjeny byly spolcfinb' zajmy
deinlkfl protl pomocn..mu knpltalu, Jak
mnlo nmorlctl dulnicl skoro a% po iiniSe
dn  ohtCll  co slySot b Boclnllstlckdm
hnuti, tnk slhnS pochoplll    mySlonku
mySlenlui mozliinrodnosd uvnitr sveho
hospodnrskdlio uzeml.     VCtSInn , nm-
orlckych odborovych organisacl,    mn
nazov nieznnrodnl  „Trndes    Unions",
■lejlch  uzemi neprosllrn so nnmnozo
pres uzeml Spojenych Statfl Amorlck-
ych, JlslC nikdy dale he?, nn Kniiiidu
a  jioklor6  moxlkiinskd  ponieznl  pro-
vlncie,  nib Jsou  mezlniirodnl,  aekoll
ro onerglcky vzplrnly niimnhnm ovro-
pskych odborovjeli orgiinlHncl po nie*
zlniirodnlcli    vznjomiioBtiilch    Hinlou-
vacli, proto?,o uvnitr rvi5 zomfl slco do-
In jl rozdll mozl usodlyml a printolio-
valcl, nikdy n'lo mezi usediyml dio nnr-
odnoBtl,     V Amerlco vychnzojl odbo-
rovd listy bouCiibiiO nfimocUy n niiglln-
ky, .lcrcJCI no Hvym Bllnym prlstfthovnl-
octylm dClnlctvn polsko n rusko-Zld*
ovsltdho   UBpokojnjI   potreby   nvych
Clenfl, pubkytnjicu jlm odlnim-.. llnty h
hohrojHliyml      lllornml.       Nninno/.o
hlodl inozlniirnilnl iiatroilnl bviizj* pro
dolnlky, ktorl iiojmiu inoeiil wiinsktflio
Jnzykn, iinli^tl orKiiiilKiiCnl pojltko un*
rodnoHtnlml Bokconil pro ilMnlky, nby
tnk vytvorlly iiredpolclndy pro orgnii*
Iwicl I mezi liidll'orenfnlml.     V col*
yeh (lAjInnnh moenych odborovych or-
ifiuilmicl vo Spojonyeh Slntech Amerlok
ych iicmoZno 11v('*h11  prlkhiilii, fto ho
d-'ilni'l hrclli') iinrniliKiHil   dill   spoJKI
nojen kiiltiirnf, nybr?, I odborovo, Op-
Active as Terriers, Sure Footed as
Mules, Patient as Donkeys.
Shetlauds are "foaled in tlie fields,
live in the llelds nnd die in the fields."
They hiive a rooted, dislike for indoor
life and thrive hesl-wlieu allowed tb
feed naturally on green grass, wltb
perhaps liny iu winter. Until two
years old 'nature provides a soft, wool-
like covering.•■■ Afterward tlie mature
coat of hair appears, lo be shod
each spring, when the ponies appear
sleek and handsome. Full grown,
they*' are' Ifiimensoly.strong, witli wido
List of Locals District 18
e»xt\ tt
Corrected hy District floor elnry tip to November 10, 1010.
llnnkhond ....   V, Whontloy, nnnkhond Alln. "
Ilcavcr Crook .. W. Wntson, llonvor Crook, vin Plnclior.
nelioi'iin T   l"ln->1">. P«*>H-»vuo( ?V.vV, AVn.
niiilrmnro  .Tninen Tur'nhu 11, llhilrmnvo, AUterln.
ImrmlB    Thoninn flrogory. nurmls. Altn.
Cnnmoro   J. Noll, Cnnmoro, Alln.
Colemnn    W. Ornhnm, Colomnn, Altn.
Cnrhondnlo   0,   M, Dnvlofl,  Cnrhondnlo, Colomnn, Altn.
vuaiii't,  ........ it, i\uc-Kiiis. -c.iirfi.il, Aim.
Corbin  n... II. Joiioh, Corbin, 13. 0.
Dlnmond City .. Chnrlcn Orhnn, Dlnmond City,   1-otbridgo.
Kdmonton   ..... M. Ilorilc, 434 Lorno stroot, Norwood, Edmonton.
Pornlo  ,. I). Hcofl, Fornio, II. C.
Frnnk  0. Nicol, Frnnk, Altn.
Ilomiior ........ .1. Ayro, lloamer, IJ. C.
Hlller-ist   J, L,, Jonon, IIIIIcTPBt, Altn.
I^flthbrldce   U    Mooro,    P.O.    Pox    113,  Lethbridge.
Ulio  W. h. KvnnB, Milo, Frnnk, Altn.
Mnplo Lenf .... M. Glldny, Maple Ivt^f, Pellevue, AUa.
Mlchol  M. nurroll, Michel. P.. C.
PftsaburK    'Itt*. Dnvls, Pnsahurfr, Alhortn,
ItoyaJ CollloHei, Jnrnes McKInloy, Hoynl Colliery, Lcthbildgi., Attn.
Tnbor  IV/Mlnm Kuncoll, Tnher, Alta.
Taher  ......... B. Protvn, Tnbor, AH*.
Monnrch Mine, . Tf. W. U'iiIUIiib, Kknu, Aim,
vydavaji" listy belgick-Sho odboroviSho
hnuti v obou refilch, steju>3 jest kazdy
formular odborove" organisace sopsan
pro'germanskfih'o i pro vomanskel'io delnika, svoji rec5i mflZe mluvitl na schfl-
zich a v znsedanlch, ve svd re6i si do-
plsuje s organy sv& organisace, je?>
mu take" odpovlda stejn6 jak jl pn dop-
sal. Alo nema podnetu, pro6 by usi-
loval o rozluku dSlnikfl obou narod
nosli. Ba sama mySl^nka tato udal a
by so mu sebevra?.ednou a proto se v
belglck(5m' hnuti  take*   novyskyluje.
Odborove organisace v Nfimeek-5 rl§l
zrkllly sckrotiiriaty odborovo" v polskd
fiastl   zomfi,  vyhovSIy  narodnim   zaj-
mi.m Danfl vo Slesvicku, Francou/.flm v
Elsnsku.     Da jest postnrnno I o ja-
zykovd potrqby prlslChovnlcfl  n sc/-
onich  dSlnikfi.     Vedle  polskddo oil-
horovdho listu vydiivn jonornlnl kom-
Iso  odborovych  organisacl. tak(5  list
lliilsky. Ostrodnl svazy odbirajl Cesk6
odborovo listy a dodnvnjl jo Coskym
Rozonnlm dCliilkflm' mlsto listu lifimo-
ckCho,     Pro Italsku dGlniky v NCmo-
cku pusobl s_vlnfit.nl zrlzehoc Itnlsky.
Jonornlnl komlal stnnovony.    S vollky-
m|, vyiolinml vyhovuje so tnkd so strnn
odborovych orgnnisnol v NCmecku po-
Irehnin noiifimeckycli dtSlnlkil.     V do-
Jlnnch soclnliiCJ-dcnioknillckdho   hnuti
dSlnlckeho v N6mecku nohyl    nikdy
dnn podni_t. k Bamofitntndiiui odborovd-
nm hiiull vortlo mozlnarodiilho.   Pol-
ska BoelnllBtlcka strana vymohla sl'v
Nemockd rlfil bvoJI niitonomll, nikdy
nlo nopomyfilola  nn  odlpuconl svych
_Ion _ z mozlniirodnlch odborovych or-
ganlRiiol, v?.dy    Jen Jo vorbovaln pro
no,     Pou/.o moSt'nckiS pol«k6 Blrnny
pokiifllly no, hy nncliytiily ddlnlky do
polHkydi   odborovych   organlKiicI    n
tiveHti Jo v rozpor s hunt Ini Boclnln6
iloiiioki'iillckyin.   Jako .polRtl byli tnku
llnlHky, Ponky, frnnroiizflky n dnimlcy
niluvlel  (lMiilrl  v NAmrcko rlftl pre-
Bvedfionl, lo jsou ziijiny Jojlch v mo*
zlniirodnlcli   orBiinlBiielch dobro ehrn-
KdoMo bo \* onmniiskc. rlftl nnrod*
iiohII co noJoHlrojl iiotirnly, ne?, iiflti*
Ilo mlnilotiiror-kd hnuti koiioc iikbII-
nlck-i vlmlo nultiinil, iiknziijl zrirndky
inlnddho linud d-Mulckoho, zvnftlfi nn
niiroiliiOHlin") oinyiiiiii'i pftdft RoliuiKko,
pak nlo Uilto v Cni'lhrndft, monlnnrodiil
raz, Jodnotiiiihi di'luikt'i vfiech nnrod-
iiohII zdnln ho dolulkdim HoliiiiHltyin
proilpokhulom UHpoclm protl mozliin-
rodiilmu h;ip.luli>>mii, Jeii.1 iikIIiiJu o
to, nby nn minto HtnnMio porndliu v
J.IviiohU, ohehodii a doprnvi'i dOHiidil
iiKidnrnl I'orym vyroby a obohii,
ICdcAto vo FlnHkii inuftl'iick-l Hlrimy
vo Hpole-fnoBlI ii pri fedrovnnl liiillury
ziijiny hv<.. hnjl odlouiSoiil un Hvi'idy   a
Flny, vidimo, Jnk ho v dOliilctvu vy*
t\ oi im pi.iiucKy i (idijoiovo iiailoun lm*
jiortniilJ.J )oi]iiol)iitt,i iu'uD x.iiilt,i,iu ,*
protl kiipltnllBmu,     A  v Ilimltn nm-
otn*nn), v ohrovBkd rlftl, JoH Clin vlco
nnrodiioHilo roz stnrn nvotovn    rlfio
porHkn,  Bctldiynmo  so  u  IdnO
iivednmoiyclt  prolHnrfl   vfterh   nnrod-
nost) u myhli'tiltou m. einnrodnlrli od-
horovych flrf.AnlHnnl.|'    Nn vftoolmrn-
ych Bjezrtoch vo Slohliolmo n v Lon-
(lynfi, usnosla no ruiikn Boelnlnl deino-
krnclo, *e mnjl odborovo orgnnlsnco
ho?: ohledu nn prinIufinoHt jlch ftlonft k
iirffltym frnkcfm, Bkuplnnm nebo nn*
K/diioBtnlm ■HmfTi'im v aoclnlul domo-
krncll  pfliobltl, JrtkoJllo iicolenn Jod-
iliitka.      Uimovt*, I'nliici, Lltovt-l, Iin-
totii, Nfinicl, prlnlusnlcl rflznych knv*
kiizBkych km'rnft, \aV6 UM na RuhI
vyntiipuljlcl Jefitft J'nko snmonfritny nnrod, mnjl itcny vo slojnyeh odhorov-
ich ftrgnnl8ftclrh. my*. Mnka   rwHwriov^
rozluky dio frnkcl smftrt. n nnrodnontl
ifftt ro iif*Jpr|nn-**JI fnvriiovnnn. --
Toxot. piaii o Uhrnrh. «o plnll o vo-
xldntt nnrod A v IlnkoiiHku, Ink to iont
An Odd Sort of Dinner and the Reason of It.
Lord Polkeinmet, a,Scottish1 lord of
session, usually retired to ,his country
residence during the part of the year
when the court docs no buslncss.-
John Hagart, ..the Scottish advocate,
equally idle from a similar cause,
went to shoot, and, ■ happening to pass
Lord P.'s properly, he met his lordship, who politely invited John to take,
or, as he said, to ink', a family dinner
with himself, his' wife and daughter,
. John • accepted the invitation, and
they all assembled at tbe hour* of dinner. Tbere was a joint of roasted veal
at tlie head of tlie table and stewed
veal at' the bottom, veal soup in the
middle, calf's head on one side of the
soup and veal ■r-ii".let.-i on the other,
calf's foot jolly be4.ween tho soup and
roast veal and, calf's brains between
the stewed veal and'the soup.
"Noo," said his lordship in his own
blunt way, "Sir. Hagart. you may very
likely think this an odd sort of dinner.,
but ye'll no wonder when you hear the
cause of it. We keep nae company,
•Jfr. Hagart. and my daughter here enters for our table. The way we do is'
just this: We kill n beast, as it were,
today, and we just'begin to cook il* nt*
one siJe of the head.' travel down that
Why a Street, Newly Paved, Was Torn
,, Up by Official Order.
M. Monnier, the French Asiatic
traveler, vouched for the truth of the
following* story of how his friend,
Hop Sing, a man of means and refinement, was on one occasion sorely
victimized. Hop Sing lived in the
street of the roasted corn, as un:
savory and as iii paved a street as'
any in all Pekin. The local mandarin was an intimate,friend of his, and
Hop, Sing .availed himself of. this
friendship to press lhe mandarin to
have the street repaved. Certainly,
at once. The men would be at work
on it before Hop Sing could get* back
home. A week .passed, then another
visit, and so on until, in despair, Hop
Sin--* determined to have Uie street repaired at his own expense. Tlie work
was satisfactorily completed. ■
The surprise "of Hop Sing, was only
equaled by his indignation when on
awakening one morning * he found a
gang of coolies upheaving tbe newly
_]a-*.r_*l street.' His .surprise grew
when he'hon'd from Uie mandarin's
own lips Unit thc nicri were (hero nt
his orders.
"You seo, my di-ar friend." said tlie
mandarin, "I nm" expeeting the bend
inspector nround here in a few days.
Now, if he were to see the beautiful
pavement you have laid down in your
street lie would come lo the conclusion that, there was money about, and
he would assuredly bleed every vein
in my body. This would mean my
ruin. Don't you sec why your pavement really must come up? It cost mo
one fortune to secure my post. 1 don't
want to spend niioUier-ln keeping it."
2     Nowhere in the Pass can be
6     found  in such a  display of
We have * the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork; Mutton, Veal, Poultry, ' Butter,'
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer. Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 56
fe^tCI?>C_ C»*©©*St*^E?*C!>a&«_>«&
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishing's
quarters, po"werfu__egs aud ri great
width and*depth'over the heart aud
lungs. ' And, ns llcngie wrote in 1S70
in his -"Tour In Shetland:" "The
Shetland pony' is lhe most lovable of
animals "in tlie wide creation. They
are sprightly and nclive as terriers,
suro footed as iimles and patient as
donkeys. The horse is accredited as
the, noblest*of Uio lower animals, and
the Shetland pony slands at the head
of this noble raco us thc most Intelligent nnd faithful, of tliem nil:"
The great value of the Shetland to
the> conl miners lies In Its ability to
work ln lhe low galleries in thiu
seamed pits, where'other ponies could
not travel, Their strength does not
correspond. with lliolr diminutive proportions, .and thoy will travel thirty
miles n, day In llio, seams, drawing
from twelvo to fourteen hundredweight, Underground their Jot Is
hard, hut use becomes second nature,
nnd thoy nro trenlcd, If roughly, not
The Chinaman and His Dragon.
* If a Clilnniiiini wishes for happiness
and pence In tills world und the next
ho foelH obliged to nonsuit his majesty
tho dragon iui lo wlioro his houso Hhall
bo built nnd Ills grave bo made.
Through lho cnrlli, «o say the Chinese,
flow two euiTonlH-lho dragon and
tho tiger, Now, for a man, to hnve
good fortuno In lifo or, ns he would
suy In "pigeon NiikIInIi," to "cutcheu
chimco," his Ijihisii must* ho put ln n
cerlnlp position in roforonco lo theso
currents, if he |» to rest (pilolly In
Ills grnvo, Unit nlsn must ho correctly
plncod, So culled "wise men" mnko «
business of cliooHlug favorable hUo*j
for homos niul pun-en, professing by
menus of it wniiil nml IneatiintloiiH und
other kliulH of imnfoolory to bo nble
lo dot ('ia Iho pri'seiu*.. of tho dragon
nml the tiger anil lu tell Iu whnt ill*
rectlon they How,
"side, turn"the tail and just gang-bnck
again by the other side to where we
The.Year Without a Summer.
The year 1S10 has a remarkable cold
weather record ai:d Is" known as "the
year without a su.inner." ln tlmt yenr
there wits a'slurp frost in evory
month, and the peoplo till over' the
world began to believe (hat some great
and definite change In the earth wus
taking placo. Tho farmers used to refer to lt as "eighteen hundred nnd
stnrve to,death." _ rost, Ice and snow
wore common In June, Almost every
green thing, was killed, and the fruit
was nearly nil destroyed. During tlie
month snow fell to the depth of three
Inches In New York and Mnssneliu-
setls nnd ton Inches In .Maine. There
were frost and Ico, In July In Now York,
New England nnd reiiiiH.vlviinln,* nnd
corn was nearly nil destroyed lu certain sections, loo half nn Inch llikk
formed In August. A cold north wind
provn lied nil siininier.
Takinfj n Mean Advantage.
Once n thrifty Po-iii-ii pliyMlelnn wna
cnllod to n ciimi" where ji woman hud
dislocated her ,1n\v. He very soon put
her right. The woman n*4:ert how
much wna to pny, The doctor nnmed
Ills foo. The put lent tliou-rlil It loo
much, lie, however, would not lnko
less, nnd ns the womnn refused to give
hlm the fee lie l.ojrnn l" yawn. Ynwii-
Ing, ns every one know**. N In feel Ioiik.
Tho young woman In turn yinviu-d
Her Jnw ngnln went onl of Joint, nnd
the doelor trliiin-ilniiifly snld, "Now,
unlil ynu hand ni'e over my fee your
Jnw cnn remain mi It Is." NcciIIcmh Io
cay, Ihe monoy w.injiroinpll.v paid,
An English View of the Metropolis of
. the' New World.
New York ought by most nrtistic
standards of the past, to bo hideous.
Instead (as I mnde up my mind, with
a" shock of pleasure, a few weeks
ago) she Is as beautiful, as individual
almost, as Venice. Of course there nre
her sky and her atmosphere. Even a
regular old frump of a city could wear
a spurious charm when golden *.\-ine'bf
sunshine dripped over ber from a
crystal cup studded with turquoise or
in a sunset such ns heaven and Turner
alono could, conceive, glittering like n
heap of jcvltels behind a veil of sprinkled gold dust. Hut the startling, bizarre beauty of »\'ow York could exist
oven in a London fog.
What is there* lo say of a vast city
where  all   the   architectures   of   the
world and,.somo that were nover seen
(anywhere  else)  on  land   or sea   rub*
shoulders ologether? ■• Would  you   not
think thnt thoy would.refuse to speak"
to each othor. even if they didn't fight.
in disastrous hul tie dreadful  to   witness? Bui go to New York and see.
New York that 1ho gay, eolCKful city
wns like a huge (lower garden where
the gardener had sown his seeds anyhow—crimson  hollyhocks, golden sunflowers, dainty  pinks, modest violets,
tall white liilos. larkspurs, pansles and
a thousand oilier early things holtcf,
skelFer, leaving thom to come up all
nmong each other as they chose, and
Instead of the experiment being a failure it turned out a glorious success.-
Mrs.   C. - N.   Williamson   In   London
Obesity and Will Power,
Obesity Is easily cured wllh the exercise of tho proper care and restraint
on tho part of Uie patient. Without
this, howovor, (ho cure is impossible.,
nnd no physician or medicine can bo
of nny help. The happy-go-lucky dispositions of fat people, their tendency
to regard tliolr nllment lightly, chunc
thorn to look upon nothing i-orlously.
lo deny Uiemselves nothing, Those
chnrnclorlstlfK, which generally nro responsible . for lliclr nllmeiil, furnish
the greatest obvlm leu In the way of
curing them. As a rule, the fat person
does Just the 'oppeslle of what he
ought to do, lie cats lhe very foods
ho should n void, avoids those lie Hhould
ent, shuns excrtlcn of every kind. Indulges In rest and luxury and nooks
Ihe way of the earlcfit resistance gen*
crnlly,-"WllI Power."
Fernie-Forf Steele
._ Brewing Co., Ltd.
I Beer
| Bottled Goods a Specialty
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Any ono sending a nkcteli end description mny
qulokly .ucortnln our opinion froo •nnotlior an
Invention Is probnblrpatantntilo__Coinmunlea-
tlonnfltrlollj-conU'lontrn!. HANDBOOK onl'sleuta
•ont (roe. Oldest nenncy for eccurlnfr patonW.
I'ntontR tulion through Munn & Co. recalv*
ittiialnotkt, wltlioutelinrce, la tbo
Scientific fliiieric.it..
A handsomely IlluntrnteJ weekly. I.ctri'ost circulation of nny nclontlfl. Jourrml, Tormn for
'.anadii. M,7S u year, posUuo jiropaiJ, Sold by
Jl Jiowedenlo. s.
iVIUNN & Cc?.a6«'ond^- New York
»»uchOQ*co.«!5_ EUW.i*iblD*.ton.D.tt -
Sli'iUn*,' Ih hcliovi!'! to havo hoon Invented In norllierii i.uropo In prolil*'
Uirlc tlni-'H. Wllllum l-'llx-Sloplicii
HponliH of It Iii l.oiiiluti toward the
mul of the iwoirili iciiiiiry, Imi It. did
nol really enldi hnld until the ciivn-
llct'H who liad lu'i'ii in exile ulth
(..'hnrlo*. II, liruiiulil It willi thein from
Ilollillld. On Dee, I, HiH'.'. .Mr. IVpy*
luivliiK occiihIoii in ci'-iM. Uiu pack.
"Ilrnt in my life, II lii-h:*-' n ureal frost.
did nee people, vlldlnu with their
HkiitOH, which Ih ii very pretty nrl,"
On tho ftlh In* wenl i-ui-poMuly In noo
the hIkIH nnd nuiilii finiiid It "I'cry
prolly."—London ('In*-aik-Io,
■    « WorUt lliilli Wny«.
"Ho you tlilnl< ll lii nu ndviintn..ri t--
n limn lo kh i-> i-uii**ri*,*.n for nwlille'/"
"Von," 5tii.-*wir.,l I'.-!..,?' t £■ .rs.mi.
"It kIvoh (lie p'-opl'1 Iii lili own low
n ('liiince to Ihiiii; lii'li » -.'loiit mini I
U —....'l.^'l'..   .... I   it,*.'   t*.'^,1.    ti,*,    \, ur.,t
liiKton tt clmnrc lollilnlc he'ln n (.'re-it
ihiiii In liln own tnivn."-\V(i8l_!iigi(i_i
Her Molto.
"I think It I-* Iiiiil time." nnld Mrx.
■Dl-lcniMf-*. "for fh*. I'i'oplf of thin rotjn*
(ry (o Inkc n Una tlnn-J iiKnln*( vlrl*
"So do I." rfplldl tier honlctm, "No
norlh, no hoiiUi, la itny mollo,M-Chl-
cn*crt nwriMInTiiM,
An Cniy Prchlotvt,
Prove Unit !» t i!*cn from il and 10
tiilcon from I) imiI f.0 t'tkoo froni *|li
wlion  nil  m.il'.i  to"ei!ii*r  Is only il,
I'.mm.v when yen l*nnw h-iw.   'I'nlie IN
(til from 1^1 X ii- d v.ii hnve s loft: lulc
X  (Ifll from IN  Oi w-.d  you  lmve I
left; lnl;i> I, ("Oi fri'iii XI. MOi and you j
hnve X loft, in <1 iilii-u yi-n nihl K nnd j
I   iii'd   X    !'i"i Ui-r   .*' il    have   SIN", j
hnvi'ii'l ynu? -I' I'liiuili-r
The Ancient Mnnufuclure of Copper,
The nni-li'iil Svrlanii und IMiocnl-
clans aro well Known to hnvo boon nclive tnulers lu nnipi'i", niid thoy mini-
iifaclured UiIh niciiil Into hrorr/.e hy
iiicliliiK It wllh Un. Learned un-
tlipiurles iiMHiirc us Umi the IMiocnl*
chins net un Ily ciii-u* to l-hiKlnnii nnd
lo Ireland In icaj-ch of 'tin for thin
piirpi.f'c, and cc:..i. years a^o hoiih'
ciirloiis lii-oii-**.. nril'lcs were found In
Kcvcral of tho old mine worhlnirs In
Coriiwull, whh li ure li..Moved to lmve
lu'cii left J here hy llinl niiclctii pcmilo
nl il lime wnon no liron*,',o wan ell her
iiinile or used in |.upland.•"(.li'iiiilH.r.*'
Bhe—I don't like   him; he.
tlwnyt running people dowa
He—Gouip or motorist?
flhe Knrw Them,
Ml'is Pulilev f-'hewai ! rati.'lii' iilnnil
|i..\> hiicicsyliil her illiiiH-r party wn**,
¥'.:.< raid It wiiiiinl un "wllh ureal
rclnw," What's "ei-!ii*,v" iiiiywiiy'i*
MhM Mii'.'lcy-V-'hv. 1 ow'fH Hint wn■■}
Un* dc'-Kci't, I ..In't ymi never cut n
elu,ielate (."law'/
III   flrr*-!   fXrrnrry
"Miimiim, the scenery nlirond iniiit
tn* very ill Incd.'
•■>'.*«.imt.v HI hr.il. .MM: Wl.nl do,
,i-wi tiiiMiii'r"
"This liiiolf .in Alpine r-Ilinlilii*.: nnyn,
'A IciTlhlc nlivns yiiwiied liefnre
ii, **»
A Willi**,,. Victim.
"Well, Mr, IU.'I.ci**!." wiliI Lawyer
Mreof. "yniir wli'i* 'lies for divorce nml
iishs li-," iiihi u yen* allinmiy. of cMirm*
wo will ih.fi.nd li."
"Nil. Mr. I'.ncf, wc will (ml di-fciiil,"
ri*pllcil Mr. liHi-r.
"Hut Unit Is mi ciinrniiiis niiimniy."
"Thiit's nil i'1-.'ht, hni I mn for jieiico
nt nny price,"
Lame Back, Painful
Cured in Ten Days or Your
Money Back
Juvenilrj Wit dom.
(ltd   iiMf.'ifn   il'i   ln-.fi.ru
j Tlio iiioiiiciii wai (.iisjii-ni any Kldnny
lor I'l'lnnry illrni'lci* or led Ithciininllc
j pains fn-mii inkliij.
i I'lj; I'lil-* /ne solil iv I ih ti KimnuiN'c
i«i inn' nil Kidney. Ulmhlcr or Liver
I Hi'iililcK, Imlli'i'Mlnii and nil filiiiiiacli
! (tNlI'lll'l-;*.
j     l-'H!  I'll.I.S nre sold nt  nil lomlln*.
jiSiiik motcr! iii •.Tic, ii box -or five for
Hifiol 1*1(1(1        Mnllcil  on   i-fi-.■(tit   nt tird-i>  li\r
pcriM w/.r.|> Invented':" nDwd Dw tench-
"Till,  pllll'ilr. i,f / ,".' (**i.i*>.*  «r|i'   ll-i.'il
fo nt,ror,d Dw *>pfit,'>n*« ot nnmtlwr.*" an-
Hwcnil the wl"p Ih-v at Un* pedal extremity of till' "lll"S.--.Illll'jC.
Tl.e Tli; I'lil i'n.. SI, Thonuis. Out.
Thlinhtes mule of Ism.  nre u*/.«l hy
woiiicii In Nnplcs.
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
The Ihrrltr.
Klrnt Tn-ni-ji- Yi.il tr-n'l gt-x fjotlilns
»lct--enf rli#»n»r thorn pe->fil-« (* re-jeni-
rlans, Hicoiul Triiiiip-lH tlmt rlihll
Viral Trninp-Vos, nnrt thoy'ro got n
don wut ttlu'L-riillinlclphlu Inquirer.
hy l-mt uppflMlloni. at Ihry Mnnot trtttx 0* t\*.
nvij nurtiiiii »f llm inf    1 ft.'ifi Ih mily .m*' « ij ' t ,
run. ili.liiiMi. mid tlutl la Ur i*uu»U[uiluiiiJ nti.i-.lin. >
l>e*tt>rm U nutni tijr ta lnfl»ra«l coniiltlon ul tlu. \
irnifmi* tliiint iii tin* KtuUrtitmi Tul*.    Ulwn ll.n    ,,,, ......,,,,    , ,.    i*i. .1.1.     •■■,.'„t    u.ill    kn,
lulw U IuIU-^hI V.M Uv. -. iv.mUin« t.iu*..l ,n lm- .U.umililll LiL, l.l.iltu ,..*„{ Will In*
ln-.fiTt limriii'*, insl *lii.n H l» I'lilin-Jy clii'.il, Ji.nl- , *,]Jow».il llllk'HH ii.'ivmcnt ii tl-cclvcd Jlt
lima Ii ll* rt*iil.. »r,il uuLtt* tin* MiU___fl___t_«. rmttt- ,   , ,,, \    . ,     . .  „,.   __,
um nut ims (Wi tub* rr.iott-4 u, m n<_m«j w.t-' Um ottlcn on or lipf-r-r.   1 »clock pm.
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om t,t ut. »r» mi_i1 t.y f»i»rrt.. wliifh 1. mih...* • "" ,,"n -"ln m <Br" •"•"■■'■
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11 lU.lt ttfiwili t'nti    N'*i*J tut eirruitr*. tn*        1
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I At Uniti   *   '*  ■"*■•--      - '
■Unn rVitnrrnfia ill to ill fan imtro n
[jinn, (h tin  iiiii. iiiii.mniiot.-i hoiii.i    la
II h said tlutl tl.«< l-.irl.-i_.iri tu'lvrti up jr0Vl.r,|nn ,],,] ,iW,Mlnb>. mm co«it nu-
■ili.r.f a* per 1 nit of his liiwniQ lor  0vn lenUsln conio e nitlhU.n.
bnoir j  ^         Hnno ilrhli'Ml iiiichll Mniiehl 0 FtMT'-
 N b T I C C 1 mlfir.     I'or Itifortnimlnnl o rnniplonl
Krilti*  I'lWllk'i.'Kll dnl
NOTIC13 In h«r*l*y ftlx.-n flint   NOj
I'ndcr no (Ir.uni'-tar.it-; v,UI    thi*
ruli. bo departe! from. »n-l •"<iii«nmikr«
i*. (j, iim :.:>. KitiiIu, u,c.
I'l otoirrnf nn 7i.)ihvhii *obn, |>rllalH.i,
nho tiilllcnky. XiSvo iiovli*, krnnix*, *
iciiioliiie niaj-tU-rtililc
|*h-i|irl<*t-n llvli-ho   aronta   |MMr«ti«'.«
it l'.,,l fi-J* *tj.*U_*_l_Ui-,
,rn rotfttt-fittd to tcovcrn Uicm««-lv*f*» itr* I fliot litorlcho potilntin.    1'rc* rMIr* vl»-
i.nUoMiy. i vm*.Mils n pouknukn Kdnrmn hiaiilt t\
VaUhI   Bt   Firrilv*.   f-bruary   If.tli. lr*b».
flty Clt-rlt I I»r o. Itot .'.*. F-miiIi-. IL C. PAGE EIGHT
The Knights of Columbus are mak-
. ing preparations to hold a celebration
in town on the 17th of March.
J. V. H. Coulter, Divisional Superintendent of the International Correspondence schools,,was in town on special business this week.
D. N. McTavish, well known along
the Crow, member of the firm of McTavish Brothers, of Vancouver, was a
visitor in town this week.
There will be a celebration at Coal
Creek on St. Patrick's Day, March 17th
George O'Brien is secretary. Further
particulars will appear iu our next issue.
Mrs. M. W. Elley has bought out the
candy business of Mr. P.itzloff, and
moved into the Todd Block. She intends to continue to handle musical instruments,   pianos,   organs,   etc.
.Some children who tampered with
the gasoline in tho Baptist Church narrowly "escaped serious injury, fortunately a passer-by camo-to the rescue
and saved the necessity of sending in
• a fire call.
On    Thursday evening there were
several excolloiii samples of the cartoonist art sticking out prominently, in
sundry snow banks aiiouncing the hockey  match    between    Hosmer    and
i    Herbert Booth, the youngest son of
General Booth, will deliver a bioscopic
lecture on Wednesday, March Sth, in
„tlie   Methodist   Church.      There   are
"200 life models and 1500 feet of ani-
' mated  pictures. ■   The  press   notices
speak in glowing terms of both illustrations and address.
.   On  Wednesday  last there, was     a
large contingent of the officials of the
U. M. W. of A.'in town.    "W. Rogers,
from the International'   body,    Chas.
Gamer, Int.  B.   M„ Donald  McNabb,
from Lethbridge; Wm. Lee, Bankhead;
John   0,   Jones;  Hillcrest;.  President
' W. B. Powell, Vive-President C. Stubbs
the aforementioned together with Secy.
Treas. A. J. Carter and J. B. Smith,
from Fernie, left on the 'night train en
"• route for Calgary to meet the Agreement Committee.   W. S, Pearson accompanies the delegation, as stenographer.
To cure two stage-struck maidens
of all desire for the footlights two
young men who are interested in the
girls, Impersonate celebrated theatrical managers and try to frighten or
disgust the histrionic ambition entirely
from the ladies' minds, The complications arising therefrom form a fun
provoking plot through which a number of musical gems are introduced,
and the whole is presented under the
title "Managing Mildred." The English Opera Singers, with their special
. orchestra are featured with the production which comes here Friday even-
, ing,* March 10th. at the Grand Theatre.
 Cietr,rg<A_X.(Ari-,yl nf Montreal. P.O.. ob-
Th-a Allen Players .have been here
and gone. During their stay they
presented three plays, not to mention
a dainty playette as a matinee morsel.
That this company enjoys and has
increased its prestige upon Fernie
theatre-goers was clearly demonstrated by tho attendances on Thursday,
Friday and Saturday, which were on
the crescendo scale from the first
night, terminating -on Saturday with
such a bumper crowd that shortly after 8 o'clock s they had to call a halt
even to the sale of standing room.
They are justly entitled to patronage
as nothing but clean, wholesome plays
are presented, and if imitation, as our
copy books told us, be the sincerest
form of flattery, we, hope that imitators will be legion.
"Merely Mary Ann" was the bill of
fare on Thursday, easily digested and
thoroughly appreciated.
Friday's entertainment furnished an
excellent opportunity of gauging the
qualifications, of tho cast* in roles
varying widely from both the preceding and the succeeding bills.
Saturday—The theatre was packed
from dome to.ceiling, and the ripples
of laughter volumed out into roars,
rendering the dialogue at times inaudible. "Hello, Bill!" is a rattling good
comedy sketch, the ludicrous and complex situations changing with kaleidoscopic rapidity would bring the tears
of laughter to' the face of a chronic
dyspeptic. We will pass over any
criticism on the, two laughter provoking features and deal with the presentation  of "Magda."   -
This dramatization by Suderman,
somewhat Ibsenesque, is exceptionally
good in the character analyses depicted. The partially, paralyzed father
with his typically Teutonic code of
morals, rigid sternness blended with*
pathos that one cannot help but sympathise with him in the niental agony
suffered, even though rejecting his
line of action as medievalistlc ancl out
of harmony - with present day standards. Death in his code is the inevitable sequence of dishonor, and
the only means available that effectively wipe out the stain upon the
family escutcheon."
In the hands of Charles E. Dale,
the delineation was exceedingly well
sustained throughout the various
moods displayed with a closeness to
detail demonstrative of the completeness that his individuality was made
subservient to the character he so
ably .represented.. ,
Verna Felton, as "Magda," surpassed herself. She was uniformly good
throughout the entire play, which at
times was exceptionally heavy. As
an emotional actress she dominated
herself with an.equipoise that, is the
secret of success, not drawing too
much upon the reserve at one point,
Fernie Played Visitors to
a Standstill—-A Good
Glean Exhibition
brought them  from  Ontario.'
"After you. get over the trail there
is lots of-open'prairie, and also some
with a little scrub,'but you can plow
the most'of it- without trouble. .Tbere
is enough.poplar growing for building
logs t and small saw'logs.-.    *
"I went straight through to Cousce
Coupe Prairie;^-- It is warmer, as you
get the west winds. * There was not
much snow, six* inches the most at
any time.,, The prairie there is not
much good, it' is too dry' and the mountainous country where there is good
grass and plenty of peavine won't do
for farming as it has big rocks all
over it about the size of wagon' boxes,
many of them; it is good stock country
although there is oniy one good creek
called Bear Creek, it ruiis out of Sucker Lake. The other creeks all dry up
in the ' summer, time,* except little
pools. Blacksmiths' charges are
very stiff, $10 to shoe a team and"$13
for bulls." -   *.
tained money under, false pretences
some time ago from> Walter Harwood
by issuing a cheque for $40 and having no funds in the bank, when it
was, presented   for  payme»t.
He played the same trick In Lethbridge, but finding the climate of Canada a* little too warm for comfort,
decamped across the line, but had not
boen long tliere when he was arrested
hy the Spokane police and committed
for trial charged with plying his
scheme of issuing "phony"  cheques,
His whereabouts having beon ascertained It was' decided to bring him
hack; extradition proceedings were
waived and ho was hnnded over hy
the polico authorities of Spokane to
Constnblo Gorman, who brought hlm
back Inst week and lodged him In tho
City gnol.
 \ _
-' Joo Van Motor, tno popular first
chairman In W. G. Ingram's barber-
Ing cRtnbliRhmont, left on Mondny for
Cranbrook to tnko over' tho shop formerly opernted hy Mncdonnld. Joo Is
a strong supporter of union principles
nnd should quickly gnlii a host of patrons nmong "tho hoys" In tho railroad contre.
Much sympnthy If fell, for Mr. nnd
Mrs. Ilnrold Wilson of this city in tho
loan thoy hnvo Hustnltiod by lho donth
of tliolr Infant dniiRhler, Ilclon Elizabeth, ngod novou montliH. which occurred on Tuosdny of UiIh wook. Pneumonia wnn tho direct ciuiho of doiilh,
thn nlilhl hi'lng hIp.U but n fow dnyH.
Interment took plnco on Wedn-sudny
lo Fernio Cemetery,
Yon Can Watch
it Burn
without won*-) in*-',, if your homo
Ih Hwopt hy tlauicH, und you hold
dim   of  our   pollclcH   ut   liiwiir-
IIIHI',        11   .Mill  (Id   llllt   tillt.*i   'llll-
lection, hotter m-iid for uh now.
Wo wrlto
The Best Fire
polity thai l» Ik possible io no-
Our n'prM-r-nt-MI-.-*1 will *r*_.
whenever you v.lsh, with rat wi
nnd full  Infoimullon.
Inturancft    Real Ettate
onlyto show Its ill effects at another;
working up climaxes with such e:%csp-
tional judgment that we, be'.jien*-: for
her'a great future when she has matured a little mora, say three or four
ears hence. Hor stage 'presence
ranks high, her mannerisms lend spico
rather than detracting from her enpa
bilitics, but If there be one suggestion
that we think would bo beneficial lt
is cultivation of her voice, wlisrehy
tlio tones might be more mellowed;
ths enunciation is cle.v, bnt there ,a
a slight raucousnoss which If It
bo possible to correal' womd be the
finishing touch that alono is needed
to mnlie a brilliant stur.
Miss Houghton ns "Mnrle" plavod
uji in grand style, she Is petlto, inso-
iK'Innto nnd somo of hor dainty little
mannerisms, n pocullnr liiturn of her
loft foot, nn inconsclent shrug of the
shoulders, lend n charm to her ncilng
thnt captivates, A littlo slower delivery ut I linen is ndvlsablo ns tho
rapidity at which speech was mado
renders It difficult to honr all tho
Miss Orcon's lines did not .offer
much scopo to dlsplny hor qunllflcn-
tioiiB, nevertheless sho filled a rolo
which In Gorinnn lifo (the Hnusfrnu)
is prnctlcnlly ono of solf-offncoinent,
with conHummnr,o tact nnd closeness to
the nctual that refloctcd credltnbly
to hor hlBtronic poworH.
II. Irving Konnody, as tho I'iihIoi,
Ih ontltled to n goodly mood of prnlHo
for tho excellent porHonlflcntlon (wo
almost nnld "pnruonlflcnllon". of tho
spirltunl Eiiiu'dlnn of n country pnrlsh,
The churnctor Ih one of HlroneHi nnd
(loniniidfl that ho who nfistunoH it
should grtiKp Kb nlgnlfloancp In order
lo offoct an ndorpinto intorprotnllon,
this Mr. Konnody mont iiHSiirodly iIooh.
Hy wny of iIIrit'hhIoh would romnrlt
howovor thnl. pni'Honnlly wo pnjnyc.d
hin noting bottor iih nn exponent of
tho lighter vol iih in tho other plays,
Mux nnd Pr, Von Killer hnndlpil tho
tnll'lug purlh wnll enough  lmt  thoir
not In*, wiih lucking In flexibility. Our*
mnn men nf tho world In hocIii) nuit*
torn nro (>iih,v nnd dohonnlr, whoromi
tho two KPtitloiiM'ii roforrod to Hliowed
whut mny ho (loHcrlhnil nn Kinieho or
porhnpH "rniiiroddy" would bottor ox-
prosH |r,     Von KIIIih, Hockmnn iuul
ifcmlrlck. nltlioiiuh minor jmrl*. woro
HntlHfnctorlly  handled.
j        Whow!    nltiioHt forgot Kniuzlnku.
I Mny Hiiy Unit It wiih not ..xnctly whnl
i iihu Hnld but Uio inimitable nud exproti-
IhIvo milliner thnt enptlviitod tho mull-
• oiici.'.    Tho coiiHt-iiHiiH of opinion may
I ho HiiimiU'd up in lho KiMitonco;  "It
[ItMllJ    V""-1   »|»K-IKI|l|   il■ (II   (   (;lljll)U(I   III
1 liiiii'on.i.'hV*."
1 ,,    .___...,_  _ ..... __.
i y     HOCKEY
I    Thc IIoHinor tonm went down to do*
|    Thc fraturn of Dw ev-rnlnir (In fnrt
j M'wrnl  fcnliiics)   wiih Uio liurloHiiuo
! hockey mill eh in which Doc, UlgKlliH
flKiired iih Iho star from IloKinor, whilo
! IL  II. (.,  Ilnmmnnd quito  trotyoonDy
i wuh short circuited.     Thon. Wlinlen
7uii-.il  nn  rotor oo, ivhllo  Mie  dootnr'n
\ stunt ware Kroatly nppriH Jntcd hy nil
Uio  fftifo tlornrntnrn,  liornuii',  well—-
; l»i'(,-niflf .1. IL PoJloik hiul n incillclno
i thnt Is unoxccllod for onmUo bites nnd
.hitthry brulto* it taken  _i*U*i*'*i.l.
!    The puck  wor tt football  and  tlu*
| "nmtticr'a pormmrtor" n lonn hmidled
broom did service* «u a hotkey uDck.
J. 3. T. Aluxiuulct* thought lw. waa
catchln-*. fl*h, ** he would pull up th*
Roal not -and drop It over the hnll,
Hcor« 4-6 In anybody's favor.
Last Saturday, Nelson senior hockey
team visited Fernie, crossing sticks
witli the local seven. NeV_ort hockey
U .ui' wore always a good card locally
and this occasion' was no exception,
notwithstanding several other att.rac-
tionson this evening.
The game was scheduled for S.-15,
but the train conveying* the visitors
being two hours late it was impossible
to call time till after'nine. 'The extra
wait was well \vorth while, for we
aro quite safe when we, say that, the
hockey presented to the large crowd
was without doubt the best and cleanest match ever witnessed on , local
ice. Fernie presented a line-up that'*
acquitted itself .in no mean manner,
and in pointing to any one in particular as a star we would be at. a loss
to know on whom to pick ,for all
played good hockey, and in championship form, The visitors, as is always
the, case, came along with the best
they had, and while going home with
the, big end of the score, we are of
the opinion that in another encounter
the score would be reversed.
Below, will be found a summary of
how the goals were tallied, and it
will be noticed that Fernie .lead off
with four before the visitors had a
look in. It looked very much like a
walk-over for Fernie, but over zealous-
ness on the part of "Spud" Murphy
called forth the displeasure of Jimmy
Miller, and Spud took the count of
three minutes. Murphy was playing
in whirlwind fashion,' and during his
retirement Nelson took a brace and
scored ,'twice in about as many., minutes, and thus the first rest period
ended, 4-2, in favor of Fernie:
On the resumption of play the visitors got busy, and in ten minutes had
tied the score,  now 4 all.    ' It was
short lived, for Fernie again     went
ahead after a nice run down the ice,
Dunlop scoring- in a neat pass from
Thrasher.     The game from that on'
was a dashing, sizzling exhibition of
Nelson  leading,  then  Fernie, but in
the dying moments of the game Nelson
struck a terrific pace, and found the
goal  on two occasions.      With  less
than half a minute left to play, Fornie
worked   like  veterans,   but  the  bell
sounded   and   the   greatest     hockey
match ever seen in Fernie was over,
s ore 8-6 in favor of Nelson,
How the  Games Were  Scored
1—Fernie—McWha, i minute.
, 2—Fernie—Thrasher—8 minutes,
3—Fernio—Thrashoi1, S minutes
■1—Fernie—McWha, 5 minutes
I)—Nelson—A. Bishop, 2 minutes..
G—Nelson—L. Steele, 1 mlnuto.
7—Nolson—L. Patrick, G minutes.
!)—Fernie— Dunlop, 1 1-2 minutes.
10—Nelson—A, Bishop, 5 minutes.
11—Nolson—H. Jenkins, 11' minutes.1
12—Fernie,—Thrasher, 2 minutes,
13—Nelson—I.. Steele, 12 minutes.
14—Nolson—A. Bishop, 12 minutes.
It is to ho hopod thnt. nnotlior year
somo steps will be tnkon with a view
of getting sny nt least two. leagues,
lilnst nnd West Kootenny, in n pormn-
nont  hnsls,   Including  the  boundary
country, nnd n now cup emblnmntlc of
tho  D. C.  championship  put up for
competition,    Fornio hns nnd cnn support n good liockoy tonm, nnd ovon
now wo honr of gront propnrnlloiiH
for lho winter of 11)12, lot. us* hopo Unit
Uio vonturo will ho n successful ono,
nnd thnt all will join In giving this
worthy winter gnmo n boost along tho
right dlroctlon.
Following wus tho llno-un:
Nelson Fernie
McMnmiH   gonl.,,, R Bishop
Mllllnn  point.  Millor
Murphy covor L, Put rick
McWha  rover A. Bishop
McGregor  centre II, Bishop
Thrnnhcr  1. wing Icnldns
Dunlop r, wim; I-** Htnolo
Jimmy Millor, ho well known In
liockoy nnd Iiutohho clrclpH, handled
tho Kiimo In hin usunl efficient mnn-
H-Mnw wo glvo hoiiio pxtrnctfi Hilton
from n letter rocolvod by M. A, llerl-
gun from Jlm Urn vol t, who , writ Inn
from Kdinnnt, Alln., HnyH: "I nm
bnck to town. I wiih 27 dny» on tho
trnll comliiK nut; lout two nf my
hornoR on the return Journoy; Ihey
choliod to ilentli In tho cold wenther,
their uoHtrllH freezing up, thin wnn oii
tlio LeRNf-r Hlnvo, nnd tnllr nbout cold
lt wnn 72 degrees below zero tho dny
(tin-* T\-M.,ii'*-nl  myi    T ilii xirit   \n,n„' ,,'hnth-
nr I'll co In or not yot, hut ono thing
Hiiro you cnn gnnihln on, I won't go
mer (ho Peaco lllvtsr Trail. It 4ft
IST* isIIm fr-ft-m IMmoftton xr-at wny,
nnd a hurd rond In travel (oo. If
the '.ovornnnont roIh tho rond open «o
front KdKOii before, tho hsuiw ro«h I
may go In nn It In only 17._ mil™. Ihnt
wny. Food Iiiih suro gone up in tho
norlh country. diiIh $2.00 n bushel, and
nn for liny, you cnn hardly buy It nt
nil, for there wnn not much cut. Then?
fs n lot nf peoplo frnfnR* In f mol *» _
ox lenniH on the way. Some had
been on the ifi-id thirty dnvn nml thev
woro only iihoni hnlf *wny In. Some
hnd their fnmlhf-H wltti them, tf I do
go back li'* build for mloft »« U*f*y
are right nulnuila for that country,
horses aro dying In hunchofl; tho water aooms xo iix u-elr Vidneyt. TJiwr*
ivnt omi follow who tctohnd fn Jf.-
000 of Ihorouofthbred**. mares and
Btuda, nnd he hnn only S left, and they
are not worth muth either now.   H«
Nellie was,a bull dog Her master
was a bachelor, and Nellie and he
lodged together in Ha room over an
eating house in the East End of London . Nellie's master in addition to
being a bachelor was also a shop
assistant, and 40 years of age. . Fatal
age. I don't know whether his hair
was becoming gray, or his eye dim,
but at least he found himself oui of
work, and in due time came to the
conclusion that life and he had no
longer any use for each other, and
so he committed suicide.       (-
n I'
One, morning  the   servant  girl   of
the eating house downstairs carried
up his breakfast, but finding no response  tb   her knocks  at. his   door,
except„tlie growling^  of    Nellie, she
left the tray outside, and then  proceeded with her duties until dinner
time.     When dinner time came she
took up a secorid tray, and was astonished  to  find  that the breakfast
tray was still outside the "door, and
untouched.      She knocked'-again, but
still  the only response was  Nellie's
growl.     Somewhat alarmed, the girl
reported' what had happened, whereupon an attempt was made to open
the door, but the voice of Nellie from
within    warned    the    would-be    intruders of the reception that was in
store for them. ,    Finally the police
were sent for, and they proceeded to
make the attempt to break down the
dooi-, but by this time Nellie was in
a state of fury, which there was no
misunderstanding,   and   so   the   police   wisely, desisted.      Clearly wvin
Nellie    was  an  anarchist,   .and    the
pioper   thing   would   hnve   been     to
send' for some hund-e-N    of    poiico
men, a squadron of sharpshooters   a
field gun, and a fire brigade, together
with,  of  course,  a  Uome Secretary
Ini'lead of which (he policemen'con-
tented themselves with -boring a hole
in tho door,**and peo.iJng'througli.*   ,
"^TlIF""sIghT~th"at   yrele'-ilea    itself
was that of'the, body of the shop as-
siftar.1   lying; in a pool, of blocd on
the floor, his throat gashed from ear
io ear   ' In front of the body sat. Nellie,  si cwirig her teeth, .and uttering
low but menacing growls.     The .hole
in the door,'was o,n.urged,, Nelie b-i-
comin-t more'wat'jiU'il  is the.opora-
tl.vi proceeded, nn.l an attempt wan
mnde.  to  Induce  her to drink   sonic
po*fioned milk.   Kut the dog was not
to I'-.* seduced from her watch by tho
body of her dead master.   A piece of
meat tied to a string had no better
result.   And so the .hours passed, the
policemen outside, iho dend body on
the   floor   within,   with   poor   Nellie
whining over It,    licking   the    dead
fnco,   nnd ■ determined   to   guard It.
ngninst nil comers.     Finally, Into in
the evening, a piece of poisoned meat
was obtained, .md thrown in In front,
of tho faithful  creature,     For over
twenty-four    hours    sho had    tasted
nothing,     She looked   nt   tho moat,
sho looked nt tho dend shop assistant's body,   she   was   vory hungry,
and, without for n moment. Inking her
faithful eyes off tho hole In tho door,
sho cautiously crept forward to whore
tho  tempting morsol  lny, rnvonously
swnllowlng It, nnd In flvo minutes she
too lny stiff nnd dond beside her mnstor.    "
Sho wns only a dob, nnd presumably
hnd no bouI to bo saved, but she wna
tho only God-like thing In nil that
horrible trngody. A great ChrhUnn
government ruling ovor n gront ChrlH-
thin nntlop, In which wonlth abounds
to nn unlimited oxtont, know nothing
of tho shop nHRlHtnnt, nnd could do
nothing for hlm. Tho policemen who
who guard our liven nnd our proporty
.would hnvo hoon In duly hound to run
hlm In hnd thoy found him taking
bronil wherewith to Rtny tha crnvlngH
or hunger, Our clvlllzntlon, our lnw,
tho wholo orgnnlzntlon of our uocloty,
woro nil holpICHS, Iioiu'Uohh or power-
' Tho coronor, with liln twelve Rood
men nnd truo, who nnt on tho corpno,
brought fn a vordlct certifying thnt
llio iiiiui hnd L'oinmllli'd iiulcldo during n fll of toinpornry liiniiiiltv, Thoy
hnd hoard tho lottor, rend In which
ho told of tho torrlblo ilriuluerv nnd
monotony of hl» dnlly toll, of IiIh
AtnrvnUnn wn;(e . nnd of hl« being ont
of work. They hnd not n word to wiv
nbout tho omployer who overworked
nnd iindorpnld thn mnn, nor of tho hj*»
cumberer bf the ground.. ** He "was
" insane", because he preferred to die
at' once by his own- hand rather than
starve to death by inches. The one
thing "that cared for him was Nellie,
arid she was only a dog, and'could do
nothing for _iim save love .him in'life
and guard him in death: His one regret cn leaving life must have been
the parting from his sole companion,
Nellie.' y  .
There are thousands of l those lonely -souls in London and elsewhere,
slaves of the desk,, of the counter.
Few of them have, even-a dog-for a
companion.     Heaven help them.'
Tne man in.his solitary life needed fellowship, human sympathy, and
human help, and the one'creature who
in life and death was faithful a_d
loyal and devoted*to him was Nellie. '.'
One pictures the hours these "two
spent together. How joyously Nellie
would listen for his footsteps ascending the wooden stairs after his day's
drudgery behind the counter was
ended; tho evening * walk, together
through tho crowded streets in. tho
cool night air.N the frugal supper, together, and then, perchance,, whilst
ho smoked and read a book Nellie
would lie contentedly by his side, enjoying that fullness of companionship
which communion of soul alone can
Then came tho awful evening when,
after a farewell caress, Nellie.saw thc
..thing happen to the man she loved so
much, and one can picture her through
all the long hours of the black night
sitting by tho body, seeking to attract
his attention, and wondering why he
lay so still and so cold! ,Somewhere
at. the back of Nellie's brain, porhaps,
there "would be the vague '.undefined
feeling that never, again would his
kindly hand stroke her, or his eye
light up with affection' at her approach
and in her dumb,' fashion Nellie resolved that no sacrilegious hand would
be laid upon him whilst she had strength to guard and protect him. That
those who had neglected him in life,
those who were responsible for his
death,-should not'be allowed to come
near him. -Faithful Nellie! God
grant that the day may' soon come
when the human heart may be as tenacious to its trust and as faithful in
its loyalty as was poor four-footed,
soulless, heroic Nellie.
Crow's Nest trading Co,
FOR SALE—House, not plastered,
water inside, (on' half lot, 30 x 120,
and a Shack: corner of McEvoy St.
and Mason Avenue; cheap for cash.*'
Apply, Geo. Holmes, Box 81, Fernie.
4t- p.
Stenographer .(lady) desires position;
capable and experienced correspondent.   Box  30,  Fernie. '      .    '*    '
WANTED—Two Boarders, resped
M. F. and M. Address, X, "Ledger"
Office.        ,. '     '        -    29-lt
WANTED—House work'by the day.
Miss N. Todd, Fernie Annes, North
End. 29-lt.p
TO LET—Cottage with water and
toilet Inside; centrally located; $12;
ready March lst. *
-(Also Five-Boomed Cottage,' Victoria
Ave. East, $16. Apply Walter Hun-
nablc, adjoining Methodist Church.
FOR SALE—LOT opposite Fernio
Annex School: nlso several other lots
In Annex. Low price; easy terms.
Apply lo L, P. Eckstein.
duly quiillflcd  to
For particulars
practlso In Albertn
write to Jnmes Nelll, Socy,, Cnnmoro
Locnl Union 1387, Cnnmoro Albertn.
i ■ '
to rent ovory ovoning except Sunday
nnd Thursday. Suitable for concertH,
smokers, dancing, loclures, otc. For
terms, etc.. npply to D. Rees, Secro
tnry, Glndfltono Locnl, Fornio.
FOR RENT—Helntzmnn Parlors,
Miners' Block, olthor wholo or pnrt of
store—Abply, D. Roob, P. O. 301,
Fornio, B, C,
..LOST—Transfer Cnrd No. 16, Book
No. 10500, IsBiiod from Frnnk Local on
Popt. 2i'lth, 1010. Flndor ploano ro-
turn to Goo. Nicol, Socrotnry, Frnnk
Locnl. Frnnk, Altn.
TO LET—Furnlflhod Room; suitable for ono or two gontlonion. Apply
Lodger Offlco 28 .up.
FOR HALE—Ono or two good driving
lcnin»; brokon to slnglo or doublo
hnrucHii; ii.roH from 3 to 7 yours; sul*
tnblo for liucjRy or doll vory rlgfi.—8.
J. TIAHMflON, Wurdnor, Tl. C.      3t*P
FOR HALE—Lot 1, Block 6. River-
Hldo Avethio, Wont Fornio; nil clonrod
ntul fenced, Apply, J, Bohll, Wont
Ferule. 28-31.
14.     Apply. If. IL. Box 473. Fernio,
FOR RALl-V-ThoroiiRlihrod Setter
tein which, when It Hiiclcod body nnd \ Pup. *!&: pedigree. Apply, W. Jnck-
brnlti dry, oiihI him nHldo iih ii whoIobs . mm. I*. 0, Box Ifi.
ft- / _.*>'
.S,, I i. t. j
* -i   ->     . (aV *
I ir
Ay f.    ■/'■<,
'.  y''$$$fim'
\:     ;'.\"f.;1-}!_*',''_.
«f''" .4....^--.. .. ii,
r. „..■,..,_ non.   ..ntum/ jrtmB,   wfien »• oeiri-fl preeeoxto on ontar*
day afUrn&on at th« Or and Traatra for the ltdlee and chlltfran
The Store of Good Values
We invite your inspection of our advance showing
of Spring Ready .'oWear.   ••
New and exclusive designs, the'newest materials,*,
all hand tailored throughout and styles that are
positively correct for Spring and Summer wear.
Every detail of cut, shape and drape is exactly
"right; both workmanship, and material possessing
the highest standard of merit.
Our Dressmaking Parlors in charge of Miss Laid-,
ley are now in full operation,    For early deliy'cy we
would suggest the placing of your order at'the earliest possible date.  -   ' .     •
Imported Herrings in Tomato Sauce, per-tin . ,15c.
2 lb. packet Ogilvie VRolled Onts, per pkt:"... .10c.
Fancy Navel Oranges, regular 40c. doz.', special 30c
Canada First Cream: large 20 oz tins, 11 tins for $1*
Royal Household Flour:.100 lb sacks ........ .$3.30
.        50 lb sacks ........$1,70
Bfrrriiigton Hall Coffee, 1 lb. tins' '.'.4.5c.
1 lb. packets Ilallowi Dates, per pkt , 10c,
i .     * - -■-•^•x-t-vy*
Just received the advance, guard of our Spring
. purchases.    The styles embody all the newest jdeas
from Paris, the leading fashion centre.
JYour-lEspection-Invited ^ ^—.
A Dollar in Value for
A Dollar in Cash
HPHIS is the Fit-Reform creed nntl policy in nine words.
Honesty in materials*—worth, ns shown by the Fit-
Rcform label with price of lite garment in the pocket
of every Fit-Reform Suit and Overcoat—and thc free offer
of money back if satisfaction be not given.
Fit-Reform has grown in size and importance because it has
"iv?***., nnd xt nWxno tn-dny. n «qttnr« deni lo evrrv man who
hays ck-lljcf.
We have put more dollar-for-dollar
value in the Spring Overcoats shown
above, than  you   cou)d reasonably
expect to get for the price;—$18, $20,
$22. $25, according to material.
Tlie Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie


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