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The District Ledger Jul 1, 1911

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5
Political Unity is Strength
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TM-fDliSTEIOTrLEDGEB, FERNIE,  B::C.,fJULY.l;:1911.
$1,00 A;YEAR,
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Gladstone Local U.M.W.
• **V'^'^^;"f?_>:.&^^    '•*:-■ i
l^iypjniNew;
c^Men "for YfearV; 7
On Monday and .Tuesday the Election
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"lof the officers jof Gladfltone Local. Un-
S *. •**   -- -i ►    T •       i   •/> -^ Jv.     rf h     .
lion took place, with the resulted as
[{ "j       '!■-*■   '• ^ - * -   s».'_i<  *>i^i*_-'. ^-111,*
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follows:
Four CheckwelgKmen Avere also' el-
'Jected.'  * The "sucessful"candidates are
f \    '       •    •        *-"■•' -
j marked with a *.
*—* *   f. *\ -l *?■ -t
l>"7
I*-   "
vo
ir *
1^ »* .Xu
"':. The second ballot for'the'office'of
JFinantlal Secretary•';;took"-'placev on
i Thursday, T. Uphill.belngjtiie success-
^ful. Candidate, ■ receiving,,;,,?^ ,„. .ptes,
' .while.his.opponent,.W;X. Phlllipa,,had
■,227;. votes...;'
;„ BANFF, Altai;*-June 26—T6-day!s
prpceeding6..4be(orei. the,. conciliation
board were of a-most Interesting char;
actor, 7.7Ihe,.'two BeBslons held-were
brief but-pointed..- _■',..-■.-..* 7 '., -'h
Tlie mornlng*-seaslon -was*'cut short
owing'to a misunderstanding-by; tlie
ohalrman." Mr. Stockett led him to believe the board 'wpuldVhold'-d private,
session^,before, going .tnto conference
with-the'two committees.. A. X'Carter
could .not, attiind-because" of "a tsore
throat;' and. Mr. Maeleod was absent ln
CaJgary.-t-.None of the operators' oebig
preaeht-the session was ofWlhformal
nature and was adjourned at -2 o'clock
when Mr. Stockett „ cameTln. 7After
some' preliminary** remarks and' statements- from ^bbth-sldee -the-' chairman*
.repeated the request for.a1 final''statement from each party defining their
positions aiid'making it plain- to the
board just- how. far they were prepared
to go and -just/what they, were prepared to'vflghtfor rather thaii consent
to ain "agreement,"' "The"chairman before adjourning .tlie'meeting'took"o'c-
es...,-,,^ „.-.-,,..,,-*,-.. .^.jh-. -..j-., casion-to -..make- th&,following, state-
- - *; Vice-President*      y      I ment: .;;**5 ^r- _ .:.-'i. *-;.*>-.i;   *-7'-^7 ,
.<J.,W. Gray,...-.;. ..>. ",c     ■«*- *   * >--■-—•-      -
,, Jno) Drew??:1.:. _. .*.< /.. ;i h.,.;-;
- R. iBIllsborough ,! .-..-... _',
7;,'-'   ,   Financial. Secretary
7^*'7*y - (First' Ballptrr*"*
»Wm. _i)tckenson-*_.-TV.'. ...;.-i!7
" "' --V--      _     -   -■'   ■      -■
.315
.**. 121
143
^.ionn—v.irgoi
fW. L. Phillips
yT.. Uphill ....'
TT.".France ■,■..'.
'J. \V. Gray . .*.
'•*..-."-
,..-,   35
**.,'-_
143
238
7,7
. 42
iT. .Climie•*..'....."...;';.: .*:;... .7^- 37
I '   J "
(Second ballot)"
ryyy^yy..
297
227
. i t _- t • i *-.
i » * * • i * i
127
179
52
I.o.
JT. Uphill ..<;.
j w. L.'PhtiupB.......... y..y
"* -. .- -'.*i -* ■
Checkwelghmon
♦B.'English ......
/Jno. B: "Smith ..
-' ThomaB  Beattie
7 Henry  Fox '->. ,.;....'. ,75
♦David Paton ..'  ,,241
Robert Forsyth , ..'..., ■ 34
-*Hnrry Martin ........*./;.'...., 152
Win, .Patterson* '.*'.. .V...........,v 52
., llobt. Beover .v ;  04
'Hugh  Burr '  ' 53
Albort Davies   ,.,...,V,".,', 34
/Harry, Snow  70
- "Iii* pre-Jentlng your --statement* of
claim I would like you to bear ln'mlnd
.one" or \twp.'things:;_ i^lrst^pf1 all, In
that ^8tatement'fl".;aii_f-;gpinp f.to; ask
fromea'ciipafty.'k .eflriit'e pronouncement'on overy polntvat.iBsue; a setting
forth• of• the ultimate demands..   .For
things for^ whicli they are prepared .to
continue the strike; I want' to know
this and the country, shall know. There
may berthings, and there aro things!
on each side for which you may con-
sl'der__lt ^necessary to 'continue -the
strike., , For "my part yW have not
yet made it clear to me what; these
thlngB are.' I do not think either side
will 'say that the board has failed^ln
giving 'every opportunity for coming
together by, placing te*ntatives propositions before the two. parties. I think
probably, we are open to criticism on
the'JTOund that we have" gone a little
too/far ln that direction, but if so and
If It Is'an error, then It is an error in
the right direction,-.but as* I have already, said, the time for diplomacy "is
past.1 ' I.-cannot' go back to the government that sent me" here without being
able to state definitely on every question, -what Is' the difference between
the two -• partlos, ■ what is the strife.
what:do the'miners demand, what do
the,/operators -.demand. I want to
know that; and I am going to find out.
You are both''Interested in his matter
but-1 represents party.more deeply
Interested than either of you, that Is,
the people _>f..Canada. ;■ They will ask
mo these questions and I,'must have
an answer.tb .them.' "...''
,  Has.Been Misunderstanding
■''I waint to say further "that l oeiieve
from the Btart'there" haB been a mis'-
A   DEFINITION—DIFFERENCE   NIL
- Two former dwellers in St, Martins
hiet here rcconlly und nftur chatting
about various mutton* of' inutiiai IntoroHt, tho fallowing dialogue took
plnco.   . ,, ".i ;
, "By, 'Harry, wot's nil this tawk abaht
lloelproclty moan? ,1 boo by tho
fiypora that tlio Liberal*-) lliey warnlB
Reciprocity, but tho Conservatives
doen't." ,
."Wy„ "yew"ar a iilgnorant blok'e,
Cliawloy; tlio Liberals thoy nro littlo
.IIIiirIi ituler .   mi* don't  Rlf abntWH
button wo vor tho yaiikeea 'oliyi'om to
'akin tho wurkln' 'clniao' or not; but
tbo ConsorvntlvoB they nro true bluo
jmylrlota an' HlniportnlUlB an' wnrnt
"'noli lilntorforonco   from   th'   Ynnka.
.Hnryoron?"
Instance; on^the^'diiy ,wago. scale Lwant
to know Just what' the miners, consider essential to a settlement and I
want.to know the attitude of the'operators orn this same point. If • the
operators are prepared to grant,an advance I want them to; say-so, , _Tho
same' thing applies-'to the contract
prices. ..-..want to know' ftam each
side what*lho demand Is,-advance,
present scalo or decrease., I want to
know, whether tho differential Is Insisted on by tho,, operators and if so, in
what-mines. And I want'to know If
a differential, In "pillars Is refused on
the sldo of the minora and if bo in con
necllon with .what mlnos. I alRO want
a Btntemont, though this had probably
bettor bo delayed for-tho present, ln
rogard to the altitude on onch side on
overy individual question ot Uio general provisions. You can tako your
choice of mnklng thla statement of
claim „iu two parts, first confining
youraolyos to tho wngo Bcale and secondly to-the general provisions,
.." ' Wages  First
"Wo will tnko up the 'question of
wnges first, My purposo In (Inlug so
la not, to balance tho demandB ono
ngninst tho othor—tho tlmo for balancing la pnst—but to glvo tho bonrd an
Intelligent conception of the position
of tho pnrllofl. Tho board ought to
bo acquainted with tbo demand of each
aide and Kfo'r my part want to know
thoso points, which onch aldo consider
to bo of inoro Importance than n pro*
Bent nettldment ot tlio dispute, For
Ins.nnm, T want lho nporntnrn to toll
iih whnl points llioy will not surrender,
what tilings nro moro Important to
them tliup n flotllomont, I wnnt, tho
minora nlno to toll us what thin.-,
tlioy are prepared to hold out for, Iho
BANFF, Alta., June 30th, 2.30 p.m
, The full.board reconvened again on
Thursday morning,' but owing to some
mlsuriderstandlngvln connection with
the, precipe-:nature of, the'documents
required a further' adjournment -was
ordered ifor- the purpose of allowing
the miners'an opportunity of'bringing
their statement-In line with* the'one
compiled by' the 'operators.' The
board met again" at 4'' in the afternoon
when the statements .were duly filed.
Mr. Carter entered an early objection
to ■' the documents submitted "by tlie
operators which .was by no means iii
accordance..with; .he wishes of the
bo'ard." It -S most.'Indefinite, he said,
and; treats, the-whole matter iri a general way.,' -At, the request of the chairman he withheld further comment un-
tll--.a later -period, in order that the
board might have an opportunity',, of
going-carefully-in-to'the statements: **-
In accordance with previous ruling
of the'chair-each side allowed aii op-,
pbrtiinify*. of '"expressing themselves, In
a "final summing, of tbe whole situation on.the lines 'of tlieir statement
and on behalf of the miners Mr Stubbs
delivered'an: able and efficient speech
as\follows:* "''{"'/ '
"Jlr.' (.halrinan," in drafting the state
merit which you have in your hands
now. ..believe we have compiled
witli .your  wishes "and -your, request
of this year, and to continue this during the life of the agreement that may
be arrived at. If such were done I
cannot seo that either." party would be
letting anything go which'lt had enjoyed and for that reason we consider
that It would be an equitable arrangement. I have not yet seen during
these proceedings ,or, during the meeting in joint., conference'in, Calgary,
■where It.wasset out or claimed that
working under the closed shop arrange
ment "with the Crows Nest Pass Coal
Company - had - worked any hardship
upon that company. It has not-even
been claimed that it *ould upon any of
the,, companies provided that the arrangement was, e'ntered into, but the
statement has been made that on a
question of* principle'It could-not be
agreed to, and-lt is tho question ,.of
principle entirely, that stands in the
jvay of- anything of that kind being
effected.' .We-have-suggested from
time to time that another clause may
be", substituted, a clause that would
come,lnto effect generally, and whicli
would not,'be a closed shop check-off
clause, in case that were agreed to
.then,we have expressed our willingness froni time to time with regard to
the, preamble, stating, tliat we .were
not. particularly concerned with-what
sort of a preamble might be attached
to the "agreement.. The check-off
clause as stated Is also giyen in. the
Board of Trade
J Getting Busy
\r
A apeciul mooting of tho momlinm
"of Uio Uonrd of Trade waa hold In tho
Council dhambera ou Wediujtday, W,
O, Iloj-clay, President, In tlio chnlr,
. Thero waj t\ goodly crowd ln atton-
xxiuui<i vitivit (tn. <_>teni'iK* proftf-euinicN
iL'uuiL-ui'i'i) hi' Ti.-il Tu-iiit, vl 'Hllti,; up'
dressed tho gallicrlnij and dilated -al
Itreat lentth upon tho amrlcultural po-
'tontlalftlea of tho countr-f Jutt north
of th« Interriatlonal   boundary,; ntid
sj,-..*<,.v._, **,A',**u«,*rU'v* 4*At. *„i,'.;K-l- M* «._a»*
what liad boen accompliibed at ttoe
northern extremity of Montana, cob-
tlguouato tho provlneo.of I). 0., Already the aettlera In tne Immodlate
'Vicinity of the Indian vlllato havo
■frown" aplendld fruit and vegaUble*,
timothy hay and alfalfa are bandlcapp-
"tod becanto of lack of capital, and Vho
f ondltiona of tlie road* to tbelr nearest
(Ration k Platalon«,        \ ,„
Aaked for Intormatlon rertrdtnf
Baynes U^ he iatd that then* ww«
many who were gr-Mtlf dl«appoliit«rf
betauie tbe conditions both at to toll
and surrounding* were not at expect-
ed by (boon who lind purchased acre
ago In the old country, and wore at
present located ul Baylies Lake,
Mayor,Illoiittiloll corroborated tho
atntotnenta mado, by tho preceding
•pea-aer regarding tno ueyeiopmorit
li.ul li,.} xUuliIj' li**''! iiM.xii„iiV,.xl<.\i iu
tbo'Tobacco J'lalns district by many
of the fl.ulm. *"
Thc beat' courao to bo puraued by
lho Board of Tra'do wna thon dlBcnaa-1
va» ni xjuatiiuxamixm .xvny. i'i»k*,ki> ._i
waa decided that auch nctlon In tho
premlioa should bo taken at would
beat Bubaerve tha purpoo for which the
bonrd nslttt.
The lottor from Wr. Sherwood H«.
cbmer, relative tn the enfabltihment
of tn experimental farm waa laid on
tb. tabli*.
ThPro'.I^.iaoch more tha^ could he
•aid on "the tubject, bnt wt refrain
from to dolni.tt tht present June-
lure,, ai wt' tntead to go more Into
| detail afc a tnbt«4««flt date, whta certain dovelopnunU tt preteat In the Ini
Ual iU«c« aro more matured.
^Understanding on"th"e part of both,-to
ascertain extent though on tlio, part of
part1 of one more than the other, a
misunderstanding -with regard to the
functions bf this boafd.^   I want to say
tliat the;function of this board as 1
Interpret It'.I3 not .to-write, a report,
Tho writing ,qf a report is an announcement of partial failure,    The primary funotlon of this bonrd is not to
adjudicate or arbitrate, it is not a
board of arbitration;     Tlio function
of this board is to conciliate, to mediate, to dlscovor tho differences and
seek to compose tlibm.   A desire has
beon expressed from time to timo for
a report from the board.     Now, as
chairman of the board,I want to say
that our duty—our primary duty—Ib
not to mako a report, not to glvo n
decision,     If thnt Is tho solo effect
of,tlio offort of tho board'then tho
board will havo failed In Its chief business.     Conciliation ls our businoss,
gentlemen, nntl If wo hnvo made n mis-
tako lt hns boen In not Insisting beforo
this upon ,-a dcflnlto statement from
each party "upon tlio points nt Issue.
Whoro do the operators Htnnd for .Instance on tho dny wngo?     Is this
high enough, must lt stay whoro it ls?
Do the minors sny that It, must go to
iv higher flguro, and that thoy will not
tako Iohh?    Anil bo with ovory point
where tlioro Is contention,
"Now, In making your Hlatonionl of
claim, I um going, to nslt.you to keep
that'ln mind, You can mako tho cuao
as broad ne you llko. Wo will Hit
hore (ill tho week If noeoHnnry ntul Union to mich argument but nt the closo
of lho wook 1 wnnt to bo nbln to say
Hint, lho operators declined to grant
thla point and lho minors thnt point,
nml thoroforo (hoy eould not como
together,
"I ii'm going to Icl tbo country judgo
JiibI why It wna Hint tlio two parties
eould not come together, Lot. tho
country apportion lho blnmo. 'llioro
nro to bo no moro diplomatic moves
botwoon uh. I um going to nuit you
to mnko your ultimate claim on which
you nro prepared to koop up this
strife I am not going to bo sntlHflod
with anything abort of Hint. I bollovo thla to bo' my duly to tho govornmont that nppolntod mo and my
duly lo the pooplo of Cnnndn, If
falling coiiclllntloii, a roport from llio
bonrd It necessary nnd if thnt report
vo uiiuntmouB, tno responsibility will
lit)   Ait-tCvJ    V,\iii*ii)    .UilOln.    ..it)    IUc.uk*
bom of tbo board, but In tbo event of
a majority reporting Ihe outcome,
then of necessity, as nn Individual I
will havo to tako aomo definite stnnd
afc-lea3tj\&*sjfur-—a3_w©_uave-oeon~aiJi©
for sufficient .iu the way of- an advance to fover only that particular
o.nu-uon.'an1,advance, sufficient to
l-laoe us In the *•; pie .position as we
were some years ago, ,\ye would be
asking " something" which." the public
of this country * might possibly think
exorbitant. These are burdens that
we ourselves expect to carry to some
extent, as" well as the operators of the
mines, but at tbe same time we* naturally object to the placing, of the whole
of the Burden on our shoulders. ' That
is one of lhe reasons' we are* asking
for "an advance In contract rates. In
addition to the reasons'already stated.
One of the matters-we have, tried to
cover, which Is In connection with the
general provisions * of the' agreement,
this is the question for settling ;dls
putes, ■ The evidence that has been
brought before this board has shown
plainly, I believe, that many of these
disputes' have- to be' dropped,' "Many
of them are not even carried to the,
limit allowed by the agreement, owing
to the fact, that, the time occupied in
that way is longer than the men on
tho average can" undertake -to s^nd,
or longer {nan they, could possjbly
wait- around .intll' 'some' decision - is
arrived at. For*'that reason we suggest some change. In that particular,
respect. Again, we-have certain objections to enter In connection wltli
the  methods -along  these  lines, pie-
MERGE
COALMINES
Shareholders Ratify ttie
By-Law Acquiring
New-Concerns 7
to do so,    We have attempted to meet
your wishes, and havo covered every
point In \y*hicli we ourselves are vitally
Interested.   '■'In. doing that we .have
drafted tyhat might possibly be termed, In full, a proposed agreement, and
we have "also stated specifically what
tire the particular points thnt we desire to draw attention to'.     We have
based bur claim at this time on several facts that nro very important to us.
aind theso we desire to enumerato with
out'going Into-nny vory lengthy argument on, the mattor.     In the * first
place wo wlah to draw attention to
the terms of the agreement, and ln
that particular respect we ourselves
havo somewhat receded-from our former, position.     Our position from tho
commencement of the    negotiations
was to try and niter the date of tho
expiration, but at this time It la nol
our Intontloh to allow that particular
matter to bo ono of contention.   Wo
would suggest thnt the term of. tho
agreement bo as It has beon In tho
pnBti not for more' than two years,
In support of that particular portion of
bur' Btotbmont I may any thnt wagos
so far ns monoy Is concorricd aro only
relative ondwhlle, If wo oxtomldd our
agreomoiit over a grantor portion thnn
thnt, wo might contlnuo to receive
tho samo nmount of  money nt, the
Hiimo tlmo thnl wmild nol roprosont,
nor doos lt roprcSMit, our actual wag
oh, pud so of noccHBlty wo must tnko
precaution ngninst chnngca thnl may
effect iib.     Tlio   particular   change
thnt I refer to, uny bo, ohnngo In
tho cost of living nnd In lho )n»t un-
alyRlfl tliat n mnn rnn piirclumo with
tho money ho recelvcB represents bin
netunl wngca, and If that varies then
his netiinl wngos vary.   If wo are to
judgo nnythlng from what Iiiim hnppon-
od In (lm past, If wo nro to Judge anything by tlio pnrllculnr Jaw which wo
ronllzo nro In operation, wo cnn only
sny thnl all npprinnnco hukkohI thai.
tho rout of living vlll Inrronse In the
future, liiHtend of ri.crcnaliiK, ami so to
tie oumelvos down to wngoH Jinlg.il
from tlmt pnrtlculnr point   of   view
might iiOHRlhly end In dlanaler to our-
bpIvp-i.  I may atnte Hint poBHlbly tin*
same argument should npply In lho
other wny nnd thnl, to our mlnda, Ih
Hiifflrlonl nrgum_il which, wo should
nol wish to -ixlotif! lho porlod of agr'-o-
mont In excess of tlmt particular time.
oiirW7pa_aicuiawr^rKeiauve™to—aay
wages rates. I desire to point out thai
during the' existence of District 18 of
the, United -Mine Workers of America
tbere have been very few galiis   made
in that particular respect.  ' Tlie day
wago,rate  In  practically all  of  the
camps, has" all rflong been about the
same an the rates-paid'before the employees were organized.     The exceptions that I make mention of are contained in tho agreement arrived it in
1907, when tho outside wages were a'd-
vanqod C per cent;  Inside wages In
ono or two particular. Instances were
also advanced, theso mny stnto wore
drivers, tall rope riders and hoist men,
who rocolvod nn advanco of 25 cents
per day.     I repent that apart from
tiioflo' few particular  Instances,  the
wages, practically remain tho earn***,
arid taking into consideration tho considerable Increases that hnvo occurred
during tho past six or seven,yenrs In
tho various commodities thnt wo are
called jipon to purchase wo consider
at this tlmo   that wo aro entitled to
some ndv'nnoo on those rntoB.     In addition to that, I may sny that prnctlcnlly all over tho American'continent
wngos have beon ndvnncod   very considerably during Hint time, nnd wb be-
Hove,wo nre only naking what Is duo
to uh, nnd what lt Ih right, nnd proper (lint „wo Hhould hnvo In this particular CIIBO,
"Willi regard to contract, rntos, wo
hnvo suggoHtcd sovornl rliungoH In
thlH respect, howovor, wo hnvo specif!•
'od In our slnlomonl that cortnln .clnsi.
tie" of ,,\\oi*k ahall not como under the
gonornl ndvnnco domnndod, In olhor
plncos, plnc-oH Hint hnvo boon men-
Honed on provloim occiihIoiih, whoro
cortnln Innqunllllea exist whloh require
tnoas~^vniCU-w7S-iJeuav'5"woura" have
equally satisfactory results on-.both-,
sldeB and-with possibly a" littlo more
satisfaction in tlie methods of'handling them. ''
■    ■   (Continued" on page 8)     "J
MONTREAL, June 28.--The share-, ■'
holders of the Pacific Pass Coal Fields,
at a special general meeting, ratified "
the by-law passed by the directors for  ,
acquiring securities' of the Canadian *
Coal and Coke Co., and for selling .to
that company securities of Pacific Pass
Coal Fields.l    .
' The question of the consolidation in
the*Canadlan Coal,and Coke• Company *
Limited, of tlie control' of the large
properties'. In the west of; Lethbridge,
Pincher,"1 Edmonton, and Yellowhead'
Pass on the G. T., P., was fully consid-'*
ered and discussed. -."■
The meeting by,a majority of more
than ..two-third's et all tlie shares,.re-,
presented, confirmed the-by-law; thus
approving the consolidation as in. the;
best interests of all.parties concern--*
JONAH'S  GOURD  RIVALLED
The marvellous rapidity of Western
development Is Instanced by two items
in the press this week. Au automobile stolen ancl the arrest of a prominent citizen charged with stock rustling" clearly demonstrates that the transition from tho" Old to the Now Is
practically simultaneous.
NOT  FOR   PERNIE
ea*  ■-.-.   '^T^     ""i\---   - *--'
The consolidated-companies,wlll control''four of tlie  finest, coal proper--
ties in Western Canada developed and,'
equipped under.thb direct supervision
of Charles, Fergle. M.E., an" engineer
of long experience and high standing.
Tho combined capacity ofthe mines
will be about equal to that of the Do-)
minion Coal, Company, and tliolr location will permit of the western market being supplied with tho shortest,-
haul. ■"*
LIST OF 3UCCE88FUL CANDIDATES FOR FIRE BOSS CERTI-
FICATES AT FRANK, Alta, ori May
*   31. and June 1st, 1911,
Willi so many of the vnrlous points
along tho Crow's, Nest PaBR getting
liyHtorlcnl about tlio location of tho
C. P. It. shops, wo are pleased to
note that the hug has not, infected this
burg which wo can nssuro our renders
Is somewhat extraordinary when It Ih
considered that Pornlo'a ehnnccR are
nqual to thoBO of nil tho others, Have
ono and that one will bo .   Qulon
hii bo?
This morning (Friday) very IntoroHt-
Ing oxorolHOB wore held In the public.
Hchool preparatory lo tho slimmer Vacation of two montliH, Tho children
wero droRitod In their bost bib niul
tucker, frlondB and parents wero. In attendance- to tako pari In tlm proo^od-
Ings. The teachers woro Jubilant nt
thu, piohpects of a njlaxutlon from .thu
mnny c-aros Incident, to touching the
young Idea how lo shoot, nnd looking
forward  with plonauro to Jaunts by
George Couplnnd, nollovuo, ,
Dnvld Muir, Lundbreck.
I). II. Quigloy, Stafford Village.
•lames S. Harbor, Hlllcrost.
.lohn Garrott, Lillo. -
Win. K, Munroe, Llllb.
John Mc'Gn(lrlo,„LIHo.
Michael Bovio, Ilollovuo.
.John J.- Lotchor, Hlllcrost, '
Hinllo Leblanc, Colemnn.
.lolni Ironmongor, Hillcrest.
HukIi Kviuir, Lothbrldgo.
Wnltor Miller,'nollovuo.
Owen Morgan. Coleman.
.liiinoR Held', Frank,
Goorgo Carson, Frank.
Goorgo Wm. Hnllldny, Champion.
GOODEVE   GIVE8  FERNIE
THE GO-BY
"tho bnbbllng brook," tho "and hoii
to bo'rectified, wo lmvo contract rntcnI wn\;ca,' nud oilier poullc phuiH nfier
generally, I would liko to point j tho prosn'le mix montlm JiihI i-nd-ml,
Hint not only iloos tbo mimo iirgiiiuont
but Hint In nihil Hon tlm development
nf tho mines In routhorn Alberta nnd
lOnsioru I 111 I Inli Cohiniblii havo no-.-ju-
Hltntod In Hltuiillrm of rorliiln regulii-
tlnim thai cortnlnly mllitiiln ,n,'iilii:il
the earning cnpnoliy of the mo*t cm-
jilriyoil, Wo hnvo polnlod nut mnny
tlmoi. Hint, wo enter no obJoo-tlcuiH to
rrifoty prernutlona bolng Inlcn in our
mino*. Wo realite tho grca.o*' nof-ra*
sily for precaullona of this naturo with
♦ ho Incroaalng' development, m fnfit,
w i ourHclvca InaUt upon aucii >i oc tu-
Dow, but aa wo arc now iltvunsl'ig n
A. S, tiouilovo, ihu Dominion ,ii>-.*iii-
bor of Piirllnmonl for HiIh roiiBllliionoy
CBpoui'lng the <-ni[jie of Anll-K-*. Inro*
city, did noi Include Fornio In IiIh liln*
ornry. H. 8. Uorden lkowlao omlti IJ,
C. from his tour,
Whnt Ih lho algiilflrniire?
In connection ".villi tbo noxt matter]qnoHiiou of wngos It muni bu tnrno
u'iiU t'tiU cviuiii iwiaiiiuCiiijii. ui'd'tir*
ence between the two organization-*
thai /M now' rn-pwiente-rl before you,
At the Joint meeting in Calgnry wo
went over tho particular matter'and
■U)ft>»i U_v.   -.uaMfe'-  Ui  xlit,\tm"„   \  ItnsiiVi   'lu.ft pc*i1iU)*.'i  x,n\  x,l V.il.1 {K;f;a<>iOli
my responsibility and 1 am only con* that wo had at thiit tlmo practically
corned to give a decision that I ahall
be able (o fault up beforo tho people
of Canada. Thla whole question Is (oo
big to bo settled In any bnt % thorough
way and aa fnr nn 1 am nblo T ahall
make It thorough. If this Afternoon
dowi not jrlv-**- yrtti nnttlclent Dmn Iti
which to prepare your sUJ-Mnent of
olalm, thea we will gtv. yoa till tomorrow, sod If tomorrow Is not enough
thea wo wll k(v<ii you Ull W«dn«*day.
but wh«n yo. -maso fettle tofm thlf
boanl I want yon to br* ithlr* to naf]nat
whore you sUnd.1:
GO por cent In our momborshlp. I
wnnl you to be clear on this point and
undcr-siimd that It does not mean CO
per cent of our membership wm work
fnr tinker a fins-Art shop wttwimenl', an
the term is understood by both partlca.
In thin inalanfi* wo oonnldar fhrtt If
we rt'UftquUh that particular arrange-
nn.nL that we should be entitled to
some consld«rs(Ioo In return. W«
exprest * wlUinttne.*, however, to
r^RA*** iho elitaf«s <_«t 4e«| with 1hat
ut u\ ml that tiiiiao cnu'i--. t> -aki'i i
\i,-.\v (o greater aafety lmvo (cndcl Jo
'.ci'x-it' the earnlnsit of D,o mm in a
HiL-iit many Instanced, und on account
of tho fnut that tho oarnlngu wero
tiiiM-t. on htu-b uietfioi_s wo cciTitiiUer
that we are entitled to somo consideration when changes of (hat nature
are made,
"Ono of tho particular changes I
refer to Is tbe question of shot firing
ff f-t n well known f.irf, that*- In many
of tbe camps when prices wero first
fixed tho minora *trere bleu-**'fnn iht*
coal trova the solid, and (ho change
from tbat particular condition to that
of minim* tbe coal, and in many ease*
to tbat of eliminating the blaatln* *>f
f-tiftl 4"tM,*\\r, has h*A mMd-mblf- <t-
' _
City Fathers
Cutting" Down
A meeting of the City FnthoiH -.wis
bold In tbo Councll^'baiiiliors on l-'rl*
day, Juno JJIlrd, Alderman Wulla*-« «n-*-
cupylng tho executive chair In the
earlier part of tho proceeding*, prior
to tiio arrival ot ,M,i)ur m'-juua't-ii.
Hy-law US regarding traffic regula-
tlona was w»d (ho- u#u»l Ihr-ce time*-.
Communication was recolvcd from
Ily-luw ii'i ro truffle rogulalloiia was
finally piiKsed.
Coal In being shipped In from Lund*
brook, prlco K.O.I.. Fornio. .4,10,
Three rnrloadB of po*t« were dlspos-
x:d ui u> the Klk Lumbor Co at tic,
each.
Thursday, June 20th
The City Clerk waa requested to cnll
;, i       Ji>v *a,lj v-1-.-i iv mm i i.i|ii_.-iit_ii iu n
S. llerchmor nn behalf of Mrs. Jnnipa|ror inAnrtt for lhA „„!„„„, nt pm
p,-»rilf«l*r matter, whf*-h hsro boon In|ffi-r nn rho onrnfmif ntrtatdty nt ihe
exlstenie prior to (he Het ot March In.tn.    If at tbis time we were to a*k
MiHMnjii, ocinipitiiTiiiig *vu_ ui I, -wniil «.(i(i
considered n high rate for'water and
light.
ll was decided to close tbo pow-»r
down between the hours of . and 8
p.m, until Iho strike was ended. This
I* for Ihe purposo ot fuel eotinorny.
tt was decided to insure Supt. ,1.
Tf, *. Hammonil. tht* pttxt'or hntt*r. nn-
£lnt*-rs, and  ftthi-r' rlvlc enjploy-»es,|
with the Railway P«s«enger Innursncc    You who have (axes to pay and
Compaay, 1 think the as«<mment too high take
Driver C, lRuark. of the Fire De-jncte that you should register the same
ptntHier.*., r-welT-M en Iswrewie of fO'bofore \b*> fth of July, o*th«Twl»_ rem
Creek Ilrldgo.
Tho photograph of tho City of Pernie
ttho work ng J. F, Spalding) waB purchased.
A numbor of accounts were passed
nnd ordered paid,
IS YOUR A88E4MENT TOO HIGHT
s month In bin eitlarr,
l-j-.lt] |g_ from July 1st.
Wo will ^o
mny N» hon*. tn rfiwttt thono t*1n**lr
<*nrd*—"lT» TOO LATB SOW." "■£_._ --V**-4
v-,*-* -:
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:-ii^i^2i--%y4..
_Ss*i.yv -•ii-s^-.'^
-ia
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t/feU-^-7
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.i.-sc^ri
-. -*.
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*--*■ * • s'"*
*."-v.*-_r,*^-
SJ^?-3SSW.'
i^l
..;:
PAGE  TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, .FERNIE, B. 0., JULY1,1W1.
'^£i;-'
<*******»*•*_»♦-****** »*-»***_*-a-ii»*»Ht*iV*Tfc»
■kickkii'
_E¥VV¥*-*<¥¥g¥¥Vyy.y^»;^ppPE»^^
America Is the one land of which it
cai^ Desa*d - "They are ever- eager to
try something." - It<is this propensity
to leave the old and cleave to the new
that has* made America the foremost
nation;in the world. "The very name
"American" has become, a synonym for
initiative, boldness, tenacity of purpose
mental acuteness, breadth of economic
design and-rapidity and excellence ol
'econqmic accomplishment.
We gave.the world the railroad;
electric power applied lo industry on
,a large scale; put the germ theory
of.disease to practical use in Cuba
and Panama; developed the automatic machine and the industrial trust.
And these-things are bringing about
economic and social revolutions over
the entire civilized world.
, During this period of transition from
an old to a new economic order;, when
' the forces of society are in a state
of flux, unrest and turmoil, fear and
worry are an accompaniment of the
dally life of all classes. The* worker,
fears he may not have; the capitalist
worries that he cannot hold. Economic security is a term undefinable.
Machinery developing toward the automatic stage turns thousands of .skilled workers downward to a-lower plane,'
while "efficiency of management' stead
Ily reduces the number of unskilled
needed to do the world's work..
. The Trusts occupying an impregn-*
able economic position are' mercilessly assimilating their smaller competitors. The struggle Is now carried on
In plain sight.' The blows1 dealt with
naked ■ weapons. The powerful care
not to conceal their designs. -. .Craft
and cunning the a necessary protection ,to the weak only.
We are so busy In this mighty land
—ao,busy piling up wealth'for those
.-who "toll not nor spin'" that too few
.   of us sense the Import of the economic ° political developments going on
about us. Meanwhile startling changes
are taking place and mighty forces are
preparing, for battle..     Out    of. this
change and conflict a new era will
emerge;  a true and Just civilization
• be builded.   ' For we are standing, as
it were,* upon, a pinnacle of a height
of accomplishment, poised for a leap
forward that shall,carry us over the
■chasm from separates the anarchy of
the now from "the order of the Indus-
—trial—Democrac*y*^that*"is-"co'_ning~
From time to time, new factors have
entered Into our economic life, which
have brought remarkable changes in
their • train.     Steel products, cheapened by the application of modern scientific methods, worked a revolution
ln building of all kinds nnd quickened
the. pace of progress. -
(!     During the last fifteen  years, ce*
ment, as a building material has come
forward  and  by  its . adaptability to
form and simplicity in uso, has ' so
grown as an industry    that it now
ranks socond lo steel and unqucstlon-
•>  ably will soon be the leading, basic
Industry,
Unless ono denotes some time to a
survey of the Cement Industry, one
ennnot comprehend Its Immensity nor
realize the revolutionary pnrt It Is to
play In our industrial life., Tho inexhaustible simply of "raw mntorlnl;
tho cheapness of tho finished product,
and Its durability mako It the most
economical mntorlnl for building. It
ls a creation of science,    Man ls thus
enabled to melt the everlasting rock
and mold it into forms and foundations upon which, though ten, thousand years may pass with leaden feet,'
civilization, may securely rest.
It Is not to' be marvelled at that
such <a, factor should necessitate re--'
adjustment in our economic life. To
the workers the vital'.question, is:
What effect will ■ this .'have on'the
job, the means of making a living?
The answer must be*.- '"Hundreds of
thousands'of skilled workers will* be
reduced to the level of the laborer.
- Carpenters, masons, stonecutters,
iroworkers, bricklayers, painters, tin-
workers and "many others will find
their opportunities , for profitable .employment disappearing In proportion as
the use of .cement increases. The
building trades are a powerful division
of the craft' union army. - Tlie substitution of cement, in building operations will ruin" their trades. It is
like the automatic , machine in the
glass-blower's .trade. Before .its advance they must recede. .With the
decline of the skilled workers, the
craft unions must also decline.
As with' the workers, so with the
constructing, contractors. The number of such will be reduced.. The
time is not far distant when the Cement
Trust will take constructing contracts
direct. It, can employ' the highest
skill, the most talented designers, the
greatest engineers. We are entering
upon an era of. economy. Cement is
economical. Other building material,
particularly lumber, grows dearer as
the supply diminishes. Then, foo.
we are demanding better sanitation,
safer construction and durability. Cement answers all these requirements.
A congesting population demands better secondary highways for transportation. Cement roads will live In history. , The farmer finds innumerable
uses for cement and life oil the farm
is made more attractive by the intelligent use of thi* wonderful material
Edison's invention for molds for house
,i
construction ,has-opened up a great
field for cement. Soon we shall see
cement houses taking the' lead. - It
will be a good thing for *■ the workers.
Such houses will be more habitable
because they will be less responsive
to weather changes; will be sanitary,
easily cleaned, vermin proof,.fire proof
and—beautiful-as—weil-ao'**eheapr^'The'
Invention Is a triumph for* science.
Without the' kno*-.yledge which chemistry gave tor man, cement could not
have been Invented. '     ,      •
It*-would not be likely, in'this age
of trusts with hundreds of millions
of profit seeking reinvestment, that
an industry of such magnitude and
promise could continue to develop
without attracting the attention of the
money gods. However, it was not until about 1900 that the big Interests
turned their ntttentlon seriously to
ihOt.growing industry. During tho decade past, they have persistently
sought control. Now In the producing flold a grent strugglo ls raging.
A largo number of little fellows aie
waging hopeless \vnr with ono giant.
A familiar story, only with a now setting, but with the same principal actors
and tho same coldly, cruel outcomo;
the survival of the stronger.'
■ .In 1903, tho Industry having grown
so, groat, tho govornmont decided -o
Investigate tho resources of lho United
States in.cement-material.- The,report was published, in "1905. Bui. 243
Dept. Interior: This report shows
vast deposits of cement material in
forty-eight states and'territories, with
the best and most accessible deposits
in .the Lehigh district, Pennsylvania.
The output of Portland Cement In lib .
was aVcu't 20,000,000 barrels. iiall
of tUs-wae produced around about Al
lentown. Pa., the centre of the Lehigh
Dlsuict. Since .that* date production
has increased 'with giant strides. In
1910, the 'Atlas, and the Universal
Companies' alone- produced-20,000,000
barrels. ■ .
The Atlas was the greatest producing company In the field in 1903. ' Naturally It grew as the demand for-cement- Increased. ■■ 'A\\ the beginning
of 1910, It had become an enormous
concern. Its main plant at Northampton, Pa,, covered almost a square
mile. Its business was carried on
through, over fifty-two selling' departments. , The tremendous producing capacity of the Atlas enabled it to secure
the great Panama'Canal contract. Tlie
contract price was _o low that no other
company could touch it.     This com-
/"j, ■**. ■_
tract was of great advertising value.'
Business came to the Atlas in ever Increasing volume. But its prosperity
proved to be its undoing.,
"The Billion Dollar. Steel Trust bad
been watching the progress bf the cement industry ,and soon came to recognize that it was destined to" become
the leading basic Industry. As' the
system of concrete construction grew
and steel' came' to be used, the trust
saw that cement waB a natural complement to steel and a proper product for
the .Trust to monopolize. '
As, usual the Trust utilized the discoveries of other concerns. , The Clinton jron and Steel Co.,' of Pittsburg
first began to-make a grade of Portland cement,. using furnace slag as a
base. After their success the Illinois
branch of .the^ Trust began to make
cement by- the same' process. Later
the Universal Cement" Co." was organized with great" plants at Pittsburg, Pa.,
and' Buffington, Ind. In" less than
six years the output of the Universal
Co. was* 40,000 barrels a day, a second
oil> .*o the great-,At]a,-;".Co.,.whli;h in
1910 advertised an output of 60,000
bunds dally. . * it was tut natural t'lat
a' corresponding, rate to,.them.. In
view of the fact that the Steel Trust
is a-heavy stockholder in- the Penn.-
sylvaniaf this' protest has special significance,1^, illustrating how well, the
Big Interests-*are" obeying the Roosevelt RateJ.Regulations." 'There has
been feverish-activity among them the
past winter.'--- There have, been renovating and evtensions* arid reorganizations throughout the* Lehigh District
The small companies are greatly disturbed. And'well, they may'be.- - A
competitor who could absorb" the*great
Atlas' without'creating a-ripple in financial', or. political circles, will make
short,-work of the lesser" .oricerns. It
will be as easy* as' a^ whale swallowing
squid..*   7.   -    "' - \\   :,    .       .' - *
But this cement affair, is only an
incident in. the great campaign'-the
Monoy Power is • conducting. In other
departments of industry,'similar incidents are taking place. It* is -Indicative of the .fact*- that the Money
Power Is now engaged In the final attempt to wipe out competition, in'Industry ,and establish complete mono-
ply.
■ From* its l'alr In Wall St., Its Influence stretches out over the nation,1
like the tentacles of some mighty octopus, winding about the basic Industries; the mines, railroads, steel mills
and cement* plants. It has the banking system In its grasp and the go-*
vernment treasury is its willing servitor. The last piece of • legislation it
needed was the.Aldrlch-Vreeland Bill,
giving it'power to create money,,back-
ed by watered' stock, j      ■ "   ■  •
With control of the basic i Industries
In one hand and control of the money
of the nation In the other/ how can
the .little capitalist, live? ,_■ - •    ,
But the little capitalist is not going
to yield quietly.''. He is awake to his
danger at last. Though be cannot save
himself from destruction, he Is preparing to fight. Through the national victory of the Democratic party he has
gotten- possession of the government.
The Republican Insurgents are but a
part, of the" same" movement. ' The
little capitalist class, having won political power is planning to use it.
Congress now,,in .session will undertake, to carry out the, wishes of the
little fellows. There will be futile
efforts put forth* to destroy or at least,
regulate the Trusts. Every "conservation", scheme'will get a boost. The
"Tariff will be'operated upon. The
"wicked. Lorlmer," whose' chief crime
y/y *..,*;-   -h f £-.;i' yy '7
. 45 Steam-Heated * Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
*;--.'<
'■< The King Edwarcl .
?,'-''"■■'.- .'■.__■   .*:.*   .-.„•   y. ■'■,-;., *,-*.y ..**•'"■"*,. _ 77.".y_';
{Fermi's, Leading'Commercial Hotel iv;:7.
The Finest 'Hotel In" East Kootenay.
J, L. , GATE8,"Frep.-:
Bewareof'
Imitations
!^;&B^i|soId on the
Merits of
Minard's"
Liniment
August 6-11.
Yfti
.-.*'-?,.
noticeable in trade's and manufactures.
If Socialism- doesn't hurry up and get
here to "destroy the home" capitalism
will have the job pretty "well finished
up*'" "..   ':".',-   ■':*'-"
''In-the steel mills' of Pittsburg,
Chicago, and "'Milwaukee, where .thirty
years ago, the so-called [princes of labor used to get frem $10 to $15 a day,
the modern white coolies get $1.75 for
twelve'hours a day, seven days in the
week—having'^no timeI-to,praise the
Lord, aind no'.reason either—Victor
Berger, In,U. S. Congress.' '■ v *    7
"As for" the' manufacture of woolen
goods, * the, bulletin 57 of the census
bureau, which gives figures on manufacturers of 1905, shows ,*that 44,452
youths and men, 24,552 girls,and women and 3,743 children' under sixteen
employed in the.manufacture,of 'woolen goods receive a yearly average'of
$396 and a weekly-wage of. $7.61.. ,
- "The,same .bulletin shows that 29,'-
883: youths and men, 32,130 girls and
women and 7,238 children under 16 employed in ,the manufacture' of worsted
goods receive a yearly average of. $379
and a,weekly average of, $7.30. ',
.Capital Authorised"
.Capital  Paid  Op  .
' D. R.
-HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO- . ■
.$10,000,000.00.. Cap ital Subscribed
/.$5,575,000 ■ .'.Reserve Fund .....
$5,575,000
.$5,575,000 -
WILKIE, President HpN. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres. '
. BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
.Arrowh.ad, Cranbrook, Fernie,'Golden, Kamloops, Michel,'Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke,, Vancouver and Victoria,'.       ' ,7,  ,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT   ■'•,,'"*    -    »   '•'"
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of.deposit. '**
'   FERNIE BRANCH ,       '   *   GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
" \"
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
WAGES OF WOMEN
- COMPARED WITH
MEN
You've
GOT
To Earn
MORE
It Isn't n question nlono of whether you
want ti better salary—it'll ft hard condition
of Ufa that you must faco to protect yourself and those dependent upon you.
Vou can't stand still—\l you don't want
to go backward, you must go forward-
thnt is, yon'w Rot to earn more.
Kitming more means holding n lietter
position—*independence, happiness, nnd n
chance to provide for tho future.
•poorly -paii! -pewitbmi firw ftxm high rMnrirr, n», n
- result of letting tho Iktkrnatiovai, Connr.sroND-
r.Ncit Schools show them how to accomplish tbe
change. During Inst year about 4,000 students voluntarily reported increase! in salary amounting to
over two million dr_l1ftr.il V wrj» mr.*-,tVi in <i (,r»..^.« •_ f or-.***..-,-:« rilaaii; Ji»
report to us advancement in position and earning*. Why not make
YOUIilstart this month?
HOW TO DO IT
Simply mark on the coupon
the position you wish to secure,
thfii u*nr mit nnd mail thc coupon
to the International Corre*pond-
ence Schools. 'Ibis, puts you
under no obligation whatever but
allows our experts to adapt a
Course to your individual needs
and circumstances.
You've got to earn mere money.
Thc I. C. S. will helfm you,
Will you take the itarl today?
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1 W«_i.-«ijiUI_..w*i_»uI IiiiUiiotll_r_il<<i «■ my
* »«* I til 4-illfj* lor * liiftr tilt./ nil H.i
* m«»l tu tu potliloi •.•loin •*_.<*, IM
I
IITIHUYIOMl CtiMEIPOMDINCC ICHOOll
»0I 7*H. SOnSNTOK, VA.
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AdW,lt„
l»w Cll I Wild,
\l't*>1n. Trfinm*-!,
Civil »_i»l.« In*..,
OritMiliI Dtllfiir
MMtiuki) e*t\...t
MftllKltll fllttlM**
Ewe*. » Mtf|,t»lH
utt-itit SiruM*
Klt.t.t.U*
Cow,,*.><_•« |«<4,
Arctium
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tf imtlifil I, ♦
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AntItMUiil Dull..
ttuKtinl t.*tIim.
_,i-ii_li.ijl Di.ittuita
C**itt,tM a B»lW. r
tat.mi* fliMfetr
Cl»ll (•(In*,
U. R.CMMIVI. S»f-
fi»rl'r.ll■'
lilif «i|ll».
Omitl
JkMtkrrp*.
_|t>,iefii|.|,,
» SI. * No..
! Cily	
. UUIt.
■.inr"Steel Trust p>_.l?J seek~co 1 ,r_1
n( v rival .with a business so pro".pe.*-
ous and a future W bright.
'In June, 1910, the Atlas Co. was operating Its three"plants at Northampton, Pa., Hudson, ft. Y.,.and Hannibal,
Mo., at full capacity.     Pres. Maxwell,
Its directing'Intelligence, was a man
of some prominence in the financial
world.     He was reputed worth $20,-
000,000.-    Suddenly,,In -July, the Atlas
shut down itsnillls at Northampton.
5,000 men were idle,    The reason given out was "a reorganization of the
'staff of ananagers." „ Very little news
could  he had concerning  future  intentions.'    In December,- Pres. Maxwell died suddenly In Now York,   The
papers said lie died of a'broken heart,
his condition Induced- by the loss of
the Atlas Co,, In whicli the grentct"
pari of his fortuno was Invested.-'Then
the  papers stated guardedly that control of,the Atlas had passed to J. P.
Morgan and   Co.—tho   Steel   Trust.
Maxwell's estate was estimated at between two and threo.millions,     I-Ioro
was a groat captain of Industry slrlpp*
od of a splendid property In a few
weeks ntul his career of usefulness
ended,    But tho manner In which ho
wns crushed Is Interesting.   Tho Steel
Trimt had swallowed Ub great rival In
the cement business In the Identical
way,It devoured its big ateol rival—tho
TonnoBBno Iron nnd Conl Co., In 1007.
Semator Owen, ln hia groat speech
ln the Sonato, tlio last day of the Inlo
congress, said, "Tho I3lg IntorostH can
expand or contrnct the credit of tho
nation at-will,"
Tho Atlas wiib carrying nn a lrom«
ondoiiH hUBlnoHS, necessitating const'
nnt Improvement nntl additions to producing capacity, Hugo shipments woro
mado dally to tho Panama, lmt the
government was slow to pay, To
mnko liottermonlH nnd carry Uh I in.
mouse Htoek, tho Atlas was forced to
borrow monoy; $12,000,000 lt Ih said,
Ah Hocurlty Pros, Maxwell |int up gilt
odgeil railroad nnd InilUHtrlnl stocks,
Suddenly his loans wero ciiIIcmI, Ho
could nol cover. Ilo wa» foreclosed
upon. Thon the fact was made
known that the 8tcol Trust had ncqulr-
«d tho Atlas, All this tho papers
told. Humor nlso had tt. that 1,000,000
barrels of cemont wero rojoctod by
tho government*-ns below grndo. It
wna hinted that the Atlas hnd beon
rlottl'.ftrit'*.!*;*        I rnv.1*. (•..*■, Co*. Ii....''!..
knowing th« nownr wl .dod liy ,1, P.
Morgan and Co,, understood. If tin the
papers Intimated tho govornmont delayed paymont nnd rojoctod a great
quantity of comont nl n tlmo whon the
Atli-i-A wnn bntilv Mtonrloil fininnlnXXy,
It wan simply the working of a now
plan. What moro simple than to tip
tho propor parly In tho Wnr Department In Washington to delay payment? What moro easy than to Intimate to the cement Inspector Mint
Atlas brand waa oil grnilo? Poos nny
Informed person doubt tho practicability ot such a plan?
11 And so the Atlas was devoured nnd
the Cement  Monopoly created,
IU shadow rests upon the lttllo fellows. "The small cement companies
only latl month, complained to the
lntor. i-UstUi Comm-fTCA l!o*mmtft-.on
that the Pennslyvan'/a Railroad was
making a special rale to the Universal
Cement Co., an. bad refused to make
is that he lacks-the finesse Of, a Root
*-■ . ii* 1
or a Penrose, is to be righteously evict
ed from "the - reformed Senate.     The
Supreme Court-will—but no, we shall
not^attempt to kues's .what_.tlie__.'_ilder-
Statesmen'? may do.   We are not in-
Conditions in Montreal Investigated—
. " General .Reasons for Apparent
-    -, • . '„   ' .Contrast- 7., *,   ,.
formed as' to .which side they are on.
The Oil and Tobacco' decisions will
tell.-  --     .  | ..{. ' '■     ■*
Some theorists. - are . inclined lo
think that political power is superior
to economic power.. -. They are about
lo see it put to the test as It has never
beeh-slrice'Feudnllsm was overthrown,
It' is very Interesting to study tho
mental attitude of the two strongest
men in the Democratic majority In
Congress. Of Champ Clark, Speaker
of the House, Ray Stannard Baker
says ."Champ. Clark looks backward
for solution. He would use Jefferson's first Inaugural address as a part
of the Democratic platform," Of John
Sharp Williams, Senator from Mlssl-
ppl, he snys: "Williams says: 'Tho
remody lies in the. policy of tnriff*re*
ductlon nnd a strict and pitiless commerce laws'*'". ""
Theso nro tlie men who speak (ho
mlh'd of tho little capitalist class,
These would turn the hands of tlmo
backward., Competition is still nn economic Ideal before whose throne tliey
bow. And tho "Insurgents" are but
little, In advance. Thoy too look
backward to competition as nn economic savior from the cortnln destruction boforo thom, They nre 'not modern thinkers, so llioy elect to fight
to restore competition.
Tho forces about to engage aro titanic' Tlio littlo capitalist, lias hum*
bore and tho possession of tho government and no definite plans, - Tho Dig
fntnrofltH havo tho pick of the brainy
mon dovolopod In the florco strugglo
for woalth, and powor, splendid Industrial orgnnlzntlon, and most Important, control of the nation's flnnnclnl
rosourcoa. Moro than nil thla: Hioho
Trust, lenders aro nllvo to tbo troud
of social development. Thoy have
ahandonod competition ns 11 principle
of progress and nccopted oo-oponi*
tion,
Thoro cnn be no' compromise In thla
Htruggle, Tho littlo cnpltnllat must
win to llvo, Yet ho ennnot win for tho
laws of nnturo work ngulnsl him. Still
his numbers make him formidable, On
tho other band, the money powor can
stop tho wheels of Industry and proa*
trnto the nation whon It wills, The
IndlffitlonR nro that tho prosont economic order will ond, In Amorlcn, In n
convulsion, ||
'   TM-ntr.  i"      v-. ' ' * 111'.
1 .......1,,.,    *»..</   _,__, *_       u..*tj&iA~       Lul!
pf*,lHlco-of>f*,i.oT^lr- Mtunllm. rop hul one
outcome-, ho lnovHable—InduBtrlnl
nomocracy.—Tlio International Social*
Ist Ilovlew,
'-• PINING AND CRYING V,     ;
are. inseparably twins. 7 Wherever ]
you find the one you're sure to find
the other. *"-  '. _;"'-,--'*■ ,.*•; - ",y
FOR ; LUMBER   JHAT's'  <SOOD
-.",      BUY'lT HERE': ."■■',.
■   '■*_-<• 1'   -*"    ,, •'    '   ' , -:.'"    ,
Good pine boards or timber are in-.
separable tb our iumber business— ,
where,one Is,.there you'll find the ..
..other.       •    >' '  ■'-■-.'    . •-. .7 "
, FAVORABLE ESTIMATES GUAR-*-
,,,     ANTEED, ALL, BUILDERS     < •
Mcpherson avb., opp. a. n. dkpot, frrnib
Second Hand
. ARniNAl  'CinnC****.. ''
NOT "8UFFRAGETTE."
IJAI.TIMOIIB — Cardinal .'Gibbons
scored woman suffrage In an addross
recently at tho eommoncomont oxor-
cIkos of St. Joseph'* College,    Tie said
"I think lho placo for woman Is In
lhe home, Wom-wi should nol want
to vote, but tf they;took proper Interest lu affairs of thoir husbands and
brothers, ihey oould easily have them
eaat tlwlr hallow In the right manner. In doltiK this women would be
the champions of what Is right."
How " are the salaries ; of women
workeris' in Montreal" tb be -compared
with those of-men In* similar positions
in-the city? Do the stipends received
by members of the fair sex who,have
entered the fiedld bf competitive business.,, compare favorably with the
men's?,   "
" General", experience shows that- they
do not, says the, Montreal Herald. Men
receive about 50 to 100, per cent more
pny than' wbraen'ln relatively the feame
position.'*.' In* certain, special fl-eldB
womon havo achieved as great, a -success as the lords of creation, but for
general office work, teaching, sales
work, and other forms of clerking,
the men'command a higher stipend.''
Employers who are responsible for
this state of affairs, say that In the
first, place, -women never do as much
or as efficient work as a man. In'the
sumo position. Men are wortii moro,
tlioy are-steadier, and more reliable,,
Many big employers' will .hesitate before giving'a pretty girl a position of
trust, Tie knows alio will get married
and leave-hlm ^uat whoii Bho Is bo-
coming Indlsponsiblo. When n man In
tho snmo. position seeks matrimony ho
only becomes moro valuable, and
,moro steady,   ■ -
Another ronfion put forwnrd for paying men more salaries la that In most
cases working girls havo only themselves to support; whorons a man usually has n family' dopendont on hlm.
Hence ho requires a larger salary.
In lnrgo department stores tho
snlarlos of tho mon aro nonrly double
thono- of womon. EmployorB do'fond
UiIh scalo on tho ground that it is
based on onrnlng power, nnd adequate
ly represents tho value of a man com*
pn rod with that of n woman bohlnd a
countor.
Mr. Fred A. Scrogglo, of W. H,
Soroggio and ..Company, In illHCiiHSlng
tho nituntIon snld thnt tho aalarles ef
salos girls varlod from fft.fiO up to $12
a wook with an nvorngo of about )S,G0
In spocial departments llko the mantle dopartmont thoy rocolvod flS or
moro.
The dopartmont stores givo thoir
sales peoplo two tncronses n year,
based bn their earning powor and
tliolr valuo to lhe dopartmont. Sales*
men to rocolvo from $12 (0 $20 a wook,
with nn average of $15 to $10, ,
.'tic., ii-jvt »_-_i_u.i_> tuKmu trout l,'i\l
to yor, nnd up to ;?.. .. .u-tk, ntul iu
ladles depnrtmenta, tho women floor
walkers rocolvo from $15 to IIS.
"Tho ambition of overy sales por*
son," aald Mr, Scrogglo, "Ih to bocomo
.*_.*.'   .**£',*-',   ut*{.   u'i   C   ..U^'v*.   S*. -wlto^UUIll**'. .   1-1 Li
have womon buyers whom wo' pay as
high as $G(i n week, In Chicago there
Is n woman .buyer who rocelvos $15,*
000. and it Is nothing unusual In tho
Statoa for' a woman buyer to receive
from $8,000 to $10,000. Women buy
laces, whiiowcar and holsery. They
make two or threo trips to "Europe
every year.'
"It Is general experience that tho
majority of merchandise and wearing
apparel can be better purchased hy
women than men. Men are • apt to
plunge, but women go cautloimly.
VICTORIA'AVENUE  N. -
HighespricesfPai.
For   Secondhand -Furniture,   Stoves,
Tools', etc., also \Ladles'>> and '. Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes.     ,:
'- Two-chair Barber Outfit for.Sale. *,*
.. ,j
G. RADLAND, Prop.
TERRIBLE FACTS ABOUT
'   '      ,   THE   COAL
WAR
Scranton Paper .Sums Up the Brutalities In Cold Figures  *
Large Airy - Rooms, &
*     Good' Board ■■
Ross & Mackay ?»
There am 7,750.000 women workero
In France, an increase of 05 per cent
io -10 y«f*.    -me Increase Is chiefly
, Typewriter rlb((»ons may ho rolnkod
by soaking In a solution of dye In equal
parts of glycerine and alcohol.
For twenty-five years tliere has boen
a mnn hurt In the Pennsylvania mines
oftoner than every two hours on an
average. This lias gone on day nnd
night, twenty-four hours a clay. Sundays and holidays. Every fourth man
Injured hns died, Only serious, injuries are counted In this estimate. This
may help us ' reulizb the figures ot
33,004 killed and 82,8-19 Injured In 25
years. But tho flguroB have grown
so that the present rato is far higher
than.tho avorago. In the Westmoreland County district alono BOO mon
woro killed last year'and 1,120 woro Injured. Tho average annual wago ln
tho Pennsylvania* mlnos Is $D10. -
Tlioro .are" now 10,000 mon on striko
In tho Westmoreland field, Tlioy' aro
utterly destitute Sixteen mon have
beon murdorod by deputies aiid Stnto
constabulary; Eighteen babies have
been born In the hillside camps of
tho ml'iiora whoro thero was for thom
not oven' a rag to cover' tliolr naked
littlo bodies, Tho loss In coal not
minod Is $0,000,000, but tho conl is
still In tho ground and ho tt Is not
n roal loss.
Tlio minors struck bocauso thoy
wnnt to bo pnld by lho ton Instead
of by the car load. Within n fow
years tho slzo of tho cms haa boon
Increased from 2,000 pounds to'. 1,n00
but the Wages pur car have remained
tho snmo, , That Is, wages have boon
out nearly ln two nnd a putnk nnllod
on tho side of a car wilt cut wngos
again, any day. The men nro also
striking to bo froe-d from tho robbory
of tho company storo. To run. a
company store Is ns much n crime ns
to throw a bomb or pick n opckol.
Tlto. mon aro also'striking agnlnsit
extortlouato rents tor company nouses,
Tin- iVvjitot-i) [iiii lor iliviut,til\t.it mm)'
four ycafs.
The men, estlmablo nnd prominent
cltf-jont., who aro 'fighting tho minors,
In this groat Industrial contost are!
<>. "mi, JAinittA)*!, oi x.iix> ttauui-c'ittni vajaS
and Coko Compivny. A, H, IJorwlnd, of
Philadelphia; Goorgo P, Doer, of the
Koystono Company; \\ S. Pemberton
Hutchinson, of the Wostmoreland Coal
Company; R. K. Casiatt, of the U
Trohn-Connorsvlllo Compnny, and bnck
of those stand II. C. .rick and Co.,
tho CarneglA Company, th****'American
Tin Plafe ompany, tho Federal Steel
Company, the Illinois Steel Company,
the American Steel Wlro Company-
all components of tho Steel Trust
The Pennsylvania, Railroad Is Interest-
od as the owner of huge tracts of undeveloped coal lands thereabouts. Car
neglo's share of the profits may go to
promote world's peace and build libra-
rle*.—The Scr/wuro Tfrnei,
Fernie-Fort Steele •
Brewing CcyLM.;
Beer
and;    ;
r».
Porter
1 Bottled Gooi
Goods a Specialty
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
(MM
Dry Goods. Groceries, Boots and Shoes
,   Gents' Furnishings   ,
BAKER AVENUE
,        1
BRANCH AT HOSMER, B.C.
Nowhere
found In
nvi<g;c4_i,o
We have the best i)otx*y
can buy of Beef. Pork, Mutton- Veal,   Poultry*   Butter,
-•***! *rU._, "..!.,_t_l*iwi'  i ___,._.»
and Bacon" Lard,   .suiages,
Electric Restore, for Men
Pho*SDtlOflOl <"•**-*>««< wry mm la Iht body
!J_l!!_yi!_^_!rr. Ui nnm.,■t_ms(..ii; rufC.tc*
iim ent vlwUtj*, I'rtmiXtit* den,- in J ill 1
plM**!
■I *ui
wMkntif *mit«<J iU «bc«.
make jou n now nun,  Pi
(fl,   Mullfil In nnr amfriii
■}_•., St. C*ihMtn«f, Oat,
for Sale at Bleasdsll. Drug ttere
.tayoc.nriwt t<*..
ihUIlrur
'I ■r.riy-yr.yyy y---iy--*--:i--iyyy.''-.-i, ->>'-'-U'..-;fe.!;wJ-'/ '"-^    . .'7•^^y-^'■.'■■
'V;'r-■■^.';f? _ "'*7-7'"'^^?' **.^'C^'^*^&;- W ■'" *KC- ~'i YYf^rMYi -,'
J  '-■ '*■ : -■ -   ' *       » -        i     _■**-    - -*-■-,,■■-    ■ ,,,._•%     ,      -.-'  ,nr_J.     ,-;   -,<    ■j,-"''    ,.J'     *- -.    _t      .-
'-—^*'
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■;iw*--
-•X*
■"l-il'**:1 '
THB DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,
i
.•_ <
: .^fV,.*'^" i.-?7i •r.-;??;7Vi>;/r:?'-;..*:'7^/7
,*<.'!** "'V~   ".    "'"*'' gTMl '"-,a*'__>^V:'-m__i_~-'*'_«v"* '' i'i
-   *--; ;^',v-
B. C, JULY 1,1911.
__. "^----„'.-,■'." '.. _■     ___»-   ■ ■ -___r ■*-_
111  -   *    *"'        ■''•"'»-.?---.      ^ .-.*■-■ "   ■■'.    , "^
.',**• 'Cy*,"*?-.," :.;■.'-*V    ' "*■"
! .' '■•''-v-iJV. ',*'.-*'-.'"'.n
■ip   - -,i-..*t.^.' * ,   ■ - --■
are mi IffiMmOrldtid*
'■" ■-*••'-■■ - '•**   "*'■■--■' ■■•-^•■-•i.-.-v-.-1,.- *-*.■»■■/*
*" \       --.'     -> -" .-■    .-'     , ** - ,\
f   .   .       '-<!_•,,,-».,,., 5.*/ '   -ii.
vanta
ly TMEiLAJVI) OF FREEDOM
Pt*
k
-I'*,
"...J W^ve you ever been'in Westmoreland
11   'county; PennsylvaniaA •*    ..:...■•
Have you ever driven along the narrow roads of that mountalnoua'reglon,
• ever climbed the steep green hillsides,
- ever §een' the'mountain, streams'rush-
' ing down to meet* the river in the val-
" ley? ■ -'7 '    ;-*_    V -_ _    "jj
• *., Have you ever looked up and upahd
•up to higher hills and yet higher, ever
. i delighted'' in. the.raink' luxuries of,. the
"ferri, the beauty of. the native wild
, flowers and" the magnificence-of the
- tree's?'.'.'. 7* :''•'*• V'-"-'",~';7, ■-   .'■'.-,
■77 Have:you ever seen'.,a'storm gatner
1 over those, hllls,7.wltnessed the.,fan-
.., .tastlc tricks Qf the lightning and watch
"'ed.Uiie* great* .trees;,'b6w before the
■ r wind?.*".>,,;'7 "    ,   ,; ' •*,~ ,' .;',. -\ ..-
Have you, perhaps,'seen this' wonderful bit'of. country, too, when the frost
has-pahited the foliage,of the,forest
c. In .all bf nature's  colors,, when the
warm red of the sumac.fthe.-ic_.pu_
pie of the wild asters, "the scarlet of
. the.bittersweet and the.gorgeous' yel-
.. low of the goldenirod vie each "with the
other to win the eye from the restful
:, dark green of the Ivy which clings to
. treetrunks'ahd softens the "outlines of
rocky hillsides? .',' -    '"O '
If you have 6een those; things you
have known; the awe'jand the'woader,
the joy,, the peace; the strange satis-
, faction which Nature In her more majestic moods inspires.' ._-vYo'u have fixed
.your eyes on the summit, of the loftiest
'*• mountain -within the' range of your
" vision-and "said reverently: "Itte'ttie
fool.who saith' in hlsj. heart.--There is
■'- no God! , Let him-come-to this beau-
tlful;,country aind look' upon-all-this
grandeur'and be convinced of ^hls own
foolishness!'7      '"~   '■'   '*■'.    '  .."
'•"; But have you ever.eeh In'the.towns
"of Westmoreland county—in Port Roy-
al.and Irwin and Jeanette and LaTrobe.
-aald Yukon,and the others? '*•'      ,7' -'
Have you seen hese nondescript Vill-
■ ages clinging to', tlie base-of tho hills,
, have you shuddered at. sight of their
rows' of'ugly drabi houses, all just alike
■-'with"no-lawns in. front, no yards between?  . ."".*. .    ■ .. \
Have you seen these nondescript vlli-
by coal; dust, with lamps' Iri their
caps and tin dinner, pails in" their hands
coming home from work in the even-
ing?- ; -y-        • -
Havo >you walked to the pit mouth
or Bhaft entrance and contrasted the
dirt and confusion and buzz of industry of this lower region with the
glory aind majestic calm of the mountains above? ■.,■•'
Havo you over stopped toi. consider
your obligation tb these men who delve
In the bowels' of- the onfth that you
may have light and.bo warm? Have
you; evor realized that all of them carry
tlieir lives ln their hands every day
that thoy work? • Do you know or
care anything about the wages they
, got, anything about tho ,way thoy llvo,
nnythlng about their families.
What do you,know about tho precar-
Jousnoas of this 'bualnos of mining
coal? . You know that thore nro
somotlmes accidents, horrible ones, In
whleh hundreds of mon Iobo their lives,'
nnd that oceaslonlly striken occur,
dreadful things, accompanied by vlo*
lonoo, bloodaliod, and too often loss of
life. „   ■  •    •
>•*****
It Is about one of those strikes that
I nsk you to think now—a strike that
hhn boon on for f If toon months, a strike
that Involved 17,000 mon nt most and
that hns Involved nbout B.000 for tho
wholo tlmo.,
Flftoon months; A Thanksgiving,
n Christmas nnd two Eastern have
como nnd gone slnco thai strike began.
- If you aro Inloroated In tho cnuso of
It you can Inqulro of tho sooretnry at
the striko headquarters In Qroonsburg,
tho county seat; or of any of tho great
coal companies Interested; Tho prin.
clpl ones nro tho Westmoreland Conl
Company, tho Koyntono Coal and Coke
their supply of water, too. . If i they
Company,- the Jamison Coal and Coke
Company the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Com
pariy, the La Trobe. Connellsville Coal
and Coke Company, the Skelley Coal
and.Coke -Company. You can get a
lot of Information from strikers or
operators about wages, blasting powder
screens/ loading ln 'entrleis', room turning' yardage, undercutting in rooms,"
pick mining (skilled and* unskilled) union and-non-union labor. -,- .' '
Perbfapsfsome of"this information
will be* Greek to you .as midst of it Is
to me. .'These are not the things I
understand.'., •     " '       •-■■■.•■
, ,   ' . ■       * * - ' ,      *    ,'   c
. " ..* . * " .*, *' * ■ *
■*.• But', a * baby - dead from 'starvation
because its mother. had no milk in
her breast, a mortality, rate of 35 per
cent among-the children-born to. the,
wives of the strikers, mein, and,women "and little children suffering _or
lack, of shelter and food and clothing
—I' can undersand • these things. -,
-When, the strikers could1 no longer
pay their, rents, they were evicted
from the company houses, of course;
and found such shelter as" they might
In miserable shacks.; .- Theyo had not
been any too comfortable before.
Their condition; was pitiable now. A
camp for the unmarried men" was established in the" country on a piece
of rocky land -' which' the miners' officials were able., to lease for the purpose. :- The:camp overlooks.two beautiful small'lakes om property controlled by- the coal operators., The state
constabulary patrols the,property and
prevents-the"' miners from, using aiiy
of .he-,water _„'.these*.lakes.,; -The
campers are obliged .to go a mlie.for
water.-'; They'get it from;a,spring on
land ^hlchi^-tlie—OPeratorB^are—now.
trying- to ..buy In order : to shut,' off
succeed, the'men will .have to-go'two
and a'half-miles or-three miles for
water. ■ The operators, have also
tried.to. buy, the latnd on .which the
campMs.located, but fortunately for
the'strikers their, lease!: prevented
this. 7 -      ",'•*',■.,'"*■     "'.-'*'
Those things I' can understand too.
■  But not why we have surrendered
to, private ownership and * control,
coal and .water and land whleh should
belong to the children of the "earth.
ln common.
,*        •*.'.*'**■*
As I walk among these dispossess-
od, ones I learn that the only thing
between them and actual starvation Ib
the meagre allowance sent regularly
by tho United Mine Workers of America—an allowance provided froni
the assessments levied by tho unions
upon their members throughout ■' tho
country. I,lenrn of tho destruction
not of proporty only, but of life .and
liberty and happiness. I, learn of
tragedies I.had not drenmod of. I
realise that this ls civil war, and civil
war ls. hell*. ■ '     .
And I .who said with you on tho
mountain top, "It Ib tho fool who saith
In his heart thore Is no God," add
hore, among my brothers, "But what
shall wo call tho man who tells us'that
with this sort of world God bids us to
bo content? — Elizabeth J. Hauser,
In "Tlie Public."
♦Persona who wish to nld ln the relief of tho victims of tho striko should
send contributions, whothor of clothing or, funds, to Socrotnry McCarthy,
care striko hondqunrlora, Groonsburg,
Pn.
WOMEN'S INFLUENCE
IN PERPETUAfiiWAR
highly .recommended as'' a- complexion
beautifief, also satd to produce a moe-t
astonishing effect upon, the hair,, skin
and eyes ' -. • 7-!.
/Cabbage (raw)"when young and tender furnishes phosphates to enirlch the
blood."".-   ' ,    ..* :y
\ Turnips,*also radishes, are-recon*.
n.-erided for gravel, sctirvey, anil^ner.
v<*-_S"diso'rde'rs.*>' ,     '    '*'"'
- Boiled beets, served -..-Pi salt :*rd
oil. were used 'by the d'eok phllo.p.
pliers"as am aid to men'al -^vorfise".
COUNTING  THE;ABSENTEES
MORE MINERS JAILED
DENVER, Colo.,' Juno 2*1—Judgo
flrooloy Whitford of .tho District Court
to-day ordered tho arrest of eleven
more union minors on-charges or violating his Injunction preventing picketing or Interference with strikebreak
era during tho striko In tho northern
Colorado conl fields, All nro mombors
of the Unitod Mlno Workors,
",7By Dr.;Edwin'P. Bowers 7-"7V
'An evil -which ha3 received but-little
consideration is" the' in'fluence-'whish
women have "exercised in perpetuating
militarism through the-false spirit-of
hero * worship displayed toward the
man who wears' a uniform. •'.-'-" •"
This is a'survival of, the hereditary
adulation accorded a war successful
chief,,.and the instlnce is aimost Ineradicable in the minds of unthinking women.
. The male (except in the case of the
spider-and one or two other species of
animate, creation) ,has always been -.he
pursuer, and nothing more potent than
the display of trophies-of successful
battle's has ever,been devised to impress, the female favorably toward the
selection of her mate. ,    .'
,_ The Dutch Government has tried tor
twenty-five.years' to stamp out "head
hunting in th© Islands of Borneo,-but Mate. give me thy hand!
no drastic measuresof repression "have At "last we understand;
ever been effective,in abolishing,, this
hideous practice.*,.  , -    '    .
The government officials have finally
recognized that the women are the real-        - ■».      .         *     ■■....
instigators in these murder expeditions Thy home fs thine-*r sacred thy father
because of the laudation which they ac-'       A    ,nn#1    "
cord, the warrior who returns with che
greatest number of heads with which
to decorate his"lodge pole,
-.' Considerable progress in ending fhis
practice has been, made through the
efforts of missionaries in inculcating
a more gentle and huinanespirit In the
women.
,     -l  ''I   -.     i l
'- It may_seem a' far cry'from the In-
garoos and the Borneo head hunters to
the, gentle girls .of women of our clvili
zatlon, but • remember Kipling said
that ?: ■ *'     •'.., '" '      *'   *
"The Colonel's lady and Judy O'Grady
Are women under their skins."
As long as women will cheer and encourage men who wear the brass buttons and.epaulets, .who- is" decorated
like unto'Solomon jit all his glory with
waving piumes,'A" flashing, arms, and
gaudy colored',garments,, jiist so long
'II | _V.AM nMnt__.,_-.u' _, _,_. ... .1    .«._
"'—ui-ou-i-ii ceil -IUBBB- J-UOIlbU^IiaOIII-"
inentB and "seek the bubble reputation
at the cannons mouth.',... j '
The "world ls ripe for a reconsldert-
tlon bf this savage state of, mind. The
blare of the, trumpet, the flash of the
brlgh^arms, and all the glory, of panoply that appertains to war (as the
cheering women In hall, rostrum, and
curbstone see It) is.but tiie veil which
hides the, hideous skeleton, the crushed nnd - malned fragments of what
was a man (now a mass of putrid
tissue, torn to pieces by the scream-
ing shell.) -. '
The' agony, tho Inferno of - suffering
which coneittutes but a part of what
Sherman calls the "hell of war," the
weeping-mother, the desolate wife, tho
chllddren bereflt of their natural protec
tor through this blood lust—all those
wait grimly ln the background, unnoticed and unheeded under the schy-
ologicnl Influonco of this foolish hero
worship.*'
"Scratch th'o Russian and you find
the Tartar.'
Scratch a woman soldier worshipper
and you find a savage,
Isn't It about time   that    womon
WAR •— WHY? * Vf'
Give me a gun v •_'_ * "- ,   *••-'•'"_-
That I may blaze "away- '7,"" y
At,him whom I "ne'er met before this
^'-i'YY.' ■     •'   - ":■• "V
Yea, e'en" at- him",whose face I scarce
can'see,',- •' .,    .._,.   --"
He afar off, a-.thousand* yards','from
- "     ' me. - .' 7'  ■ -.  ■»; '
Mad "work?, yes, .'tis  for both, of-us
poori fools— -..--'•
For "me and "'him, both of us merely
-. '■     tools.        -  , *.;': --■"
Give him a giin, - "'/•
Tliat he may-fire at me. ,   ■ " "'     •
If chance be gets'. . For that—let fate
■■ d-scr*©©*
He's but a blot/a' dot upon; earth's     "'> 'Tr^J0™ ^^^ ishe
'    *-   crust ' -■ .    ' ,    I    ]I food fo.r the eensus man?'Many
people in Montreal have already started off on their summer vacations, their
houses are closed and-there is no way
of the census enumerator obtaining the
information be requires. ."* But that
does not matter. If a man is wandering where the surf beats or, whipping
the stream for 'trout, or even attending the Coronation, he is still, a Canadian and his head Is to be counted'with
his lesser connections, Census enumerators here have written for instructions. If they cannot find out from
the neighbors a special report is to be
made out and an attempt made to tag
the delinquent when he returns. Most
of the enumerators report swift progress" with their work, although one
poor fellow had the' misfortune to be
taken for a rent collector. ■ A" tumble
down a long pair of tenement stairs
and at bucket of water on his prostrate
form, as.he lay on the" sidewalk was
all the answer he received to his list of
questions.—Press Service Bureau.
Special Excursion
.,". *
-, ('.-'.I
crust.
But now ''tis nie or him must bite'" the
-   "' dust.    ,    ,
Quarrel?'-.  Not me; ne'er met the man
'    ' ,    before;    ,       -'       \ ' '       _
We're simply, fools and tools,' I  say
„ >nce more.  - "   „.,
Arm both of us,,      ,     . ,
That each may shoot at each.
At  home—his  home ,and   mine—the
, parsons preach   - %
"All men are brothers."    That I don't
deny. '  ■
But If 'tis, so, then I would ask you—
,   why
We should.be faced  now,  strangers
friend and me.,      '  .
Haying no quarrel?     'Cause 'tis fools
.. .7  ,. we.be. ...    ._ "-
,'*"*'.     -■»   .   "*     -    *        *
Give me my {sight!.-.  '  '
That's right!
-•*'-*        * -      * *-     *
Guns, bayonets, swor.ds, cannon.-and
„ ".all hell's tools.
These no men need when human, reason rules
ne is
land,
Mine doubly safe, when true to right
* "v   **■„ ' we stand.   * '   ,
Hell's'* agents   only—Vice,   Ambition,
Greed— ,
Thy foes and mine; from these we'll
,i   '.  .now be freed!    -
•^-Arthur, Laycock" ln  London Labor
Leader..:   ., , -
Why not doctor yourself
.    WITH   VEGETABLE   MEDICINE?
Onions are-vamong the best nervines
known and a sovereign"remedy for
coughs, colds','eczema and scurvy, says
the Supply.'World. Being soporific,
onions are invaluable for those troubled with., insomnia, and they- are 'tit
great value ;in ."absorbing Impurities
from,the blood. But reject all onions
that are tainted,,"for it is the only ve-
getable .that Is readily Inoculated with
"disease
Lettuce te good for.the nerve's,-eon-
tainlng-;as^it'does'opium In its natural
slate; - Celery is also good for the
nerves, and for nervous dyspepsia. neu:
ralgla and rheumatism. , Tomatoes serve as stimulus for the liver.
Cucumbers contain arsenic, of sufficient quantity td affect the complexion
beneficial If eaten freely.
Spinach and dandelion have marked
effect upon tho kidneys; the former
also giving relief to those troubled ■_ 1th
gravel; ailso good for rheumatism and
gout.
Carrots are good for asthma. If eat-
on raw, early In the morning, they are
•MOTHER'S'BAKING
TO BUST TRUST
The, proposed bread merger has
bumped up against good live opposition
In these parts. , It*-comes direct from
mother, and what mother votes along
the. cooking and eating lines usually
carries. Mother" says that if there is
any;-bread trust In Montreal, she'll
just turn to and bake a batch or
so of those home-made ones we have
all heard so much about. A meeting
of housewives has been called to discuss the situation0 and to draw up a
strongly worded resolution against any
proposition which would tend to corner
the staff of life.    '- y
But there is not much danger of
a bread merger enhancing the price
of'the product. The housewife cannot
makejsugar or kerosene oil, or aJnum-
ber'of other* things that make for
"sweetness and light" ln the home, but
she'can-make bread, or at least can
lt___r_aJh'e_art.__for_an_,art,it-certa!nly*_sf
and it would be an unmixed evil should
more-of our young women be induced,
even by the processes of commercial
overreaching, to cultivate* it. Two
young "college women-in a neighboring
city several-years ago started In the
business, having first acquired an expert .knowledge of It. Tbey charged
twice the price of the regular baker's
loaves and got it. ' What would they
care about a baking trust >o long as
there was no 'gentlemen's agreement"
with the flour kingR?.' As long as we
can have home made bread thero will
be nothing more thnm tho nightmare of
the bread combine.—Press„ Sservlce
Bureau. '"'     •
Standard Oil .,■'•
x ' (i'i
is Burs ted
It's tho same old bluff with the Un*
„    ,    . „    . promo Court.    Tho samo old shufrie;
*-*":?-* a. r<mHzft!,0ft of hor ImmenBo same old mumbo jumbo.    Aftor keop-
lnfluenco for good or III, and throw
tho wolght of thnt Influonco on the
s do of .Justice, Pence, and Lovo, In- ed.that august Tribunal was ready to
at/.tin    aP   n_\_iHA_i*i ___.»*     it ?___._._.   ___._._. _t    _»_._ i _ _*   . * . *
stead of Oppression, War and Hate?
Think it over. .   "
PREPARING FOR THE
CORONATION
Two Items from tho 8ame Column,
London Dally 'Mall, May 24th.
LOOKTOR
TH£BLO&*-MCt.AO£
Bt CAGGFOLTO
SEE THAT LABEL ON
.PACKAGE IS BLUE.
t)0 OTHER COLOR EVERUSEDON
» ROYAL YEAST
£§|^   REMEMBER THE COLOft BLUE
'     E.W.CiaETTO0tLTQ
TORONTO - ONT.
"Tho widow said that sho and hor
throo children had boon practically
starving, flho went to a sister's on'
Sunday to borrow slx-poneo to get
Bomofhlng for dinnor, nnd on roturn*
hig, found her husband dead."—(Caso
of William Harvey, of Islington, who
eommlltod sulcldo. from worry and
want, of work).1
"Tlio domnnd for seats .... haa
probably exceeded anything over ox-
perlenced In tho world  Tho directors on Mondny wero mado nn offer
of C500 for any box In the thoatro,
nnd yesterday n gontlomnn offered to
pay ,C1,000 to any holdor willing to
tranflfor.'*-*-(Hoforrlng to Coronation
Quia performance nt Covent Garden.)
COTTON  INDU8TRIE8
FIQHT CHILD LABOR LAW
llovclnilona of nn appaliiug cliarac.
tor havo boon brought to light by1 Dr.
A. J. McKolwny, seer-Mary of the Vn.
Monnl Child Labor Commltteo, rein.
Ing to tho abuses of Juvenile labor In
the cotton manufacturing Industry In
Virginia nnd the South, "If you at.
tompt to pass a drastic child labor
law at tho next Goneral Assembly,"
•myn Dr. McKclway. "you will find a
lobby lo defeat It composed almost en.
tlrcly at 1'epien.ntntives of tho rotton
Industries. In statistics It has been
discovered that 70 per cent of the children employed In the cotton Industries
of Virginia are illiterate. In Alabama
ihe perci-nUge Is lower,hy h per cent."
Ing their ear to tho ground until tho
temper of tho country was nicely Judg-
Inaugurate a ronowed porlod of confl
donee while handing oui nlco littlo
packages to tho middle class and tho
namby-pamby radicals.
Can any ono look upon tho recent decision of the Supremo court "amd fall
to seo tho gamo tho mnstors nro piny.
Ing with Judlclnl oligarchy? Can nny
ono fall to penetrate tho gulso ot preternatural wisdom with which thoy bol*
stor up the authority of thoir chlof tier-
vants? Is It not obvious that tho
Standard Oil nnd labor contempt dct-l*
slons woro produced deliberately with
a slnglo oyo to tliolr probablo offort
upon public sentiment? Is It not clonr
that they woro tho result of connclous
planning to strengthen tho nxl.it nn
system of exploitation and supprw*
sion?
Tho Standard nil Ih busted! Fine,
That gives tho ro!of_no sprinklers In
tho lund a chimco to put on somo face
nnd to declaro thomsolvea content,
The Standard Oil Is Dusted! Great,
That gives all shoddy reformers and
porfunctory llbcrala a clinnco to an*
tioilticp thnt nixixil „,f,,\ Xifit'r. fvl,<.,.ri,,,i
* '*-, *••**. -
over bad mnn, and that *h« riM.t_.dy for
our troubles hns nt last boon dlacov .*•
od.
Standard Oil Is busted I Go bark
to your farlorlos, good folks. Take
vour miAi**-™..!.-. wnpc!.. Knlnv vnnr
wrcfcliod lot. Revel amid disease,
crime nnd starvation. HUg yourselves In your sluniH, Look with placid
oyo upon Insanity, prostitution and Ignorance. Smllo at child labor, and unprotected work shops and the ilaught*
i_r on tho railroad:-, and In tho mine-si,
Laugh when all tho bitter lessons of
grtt-i! are marked out around you. He*
jolre and make merry. Standard Oil
Is biiftt-Nl! Nothing now ivmaln* but
to •'-■njoy tbo benefit of tho beneflclent
activities of the gentleman who did
the lu si Ing, and to benefit Is to keep
quiet and faithful.
Labor loaders are free,    Fine.
That gives each friend of labor, liko
tho Civic Federation a clinnco to point
out that evon ,1ustlco Ib nccorded to
workers nnd Idlers In' this country.
Labor leaders are not to go to Jail.
Groat
That gives all fatherly advocates of
labor a chance to tell tho pooplo that
tho public aorvnnts now In chnrgo of
govornment can always be * trustod to
do tho right thing, and tlmt no ono
need quostion their motives or pur.
poses.
Lnbor londors aro free, Go on about
your businoss, good folk. Tnko your
political opinions as the good, tho wlno
and tho gront hand thom out to you
toforo. Surrender your will nmd powor lo those wIioho IniHlnoHH 11 Is to per*
Hiiado, Bxorclso your ancient .md
lofty prlvllogo of c.iooi.ing botwoon two
candidates, equally houoniblo and un-
Bolflsh. Shun tho ngltnllon or rom'
biiintlon.
Rejoice-nm!  mako merry.'    Lnbor
I
. |TrDate will ,be announced'
^jf later—so watch,_.- for,"-it.,
,r •
'Visiting1 the entire district
See before yon buy. Write
nie for full particulars.   .
n iX     •, *
Dig in the ground for, a
livelihood, you'll be under
soon, enough! Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a competence
for old age.       c
I
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300^
(■ & ' ~ r  "  l ■*
each, easily cleared, Burton
City, well located and water
joe Grafton
A deposit df One' Dollar opens;a savings .,'
account in the Home Rank and Full Compound   ..
^J_Tt#fe^t^i^"~p^
There is no formality ih opening an account— -
.,   call in and leave your name'and address and.*"
.  take your pass-book. . If you are away from
town and need money you may make a with-'
, drawal from „ your  account,   with  the Home
■■ v ii       «     »
Bank, through the mail. - .       ,'*»'•
Head Office, Toronto
Branches and connections throughout Canada
JOHN ADAIR, Manager* Fernie
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets   40,000,000
Tho average mnn or women seldom
develop the habit of Bavlng until a
Savings Account has boon oponcd.
Tho possession of such nn,account
acts as on Incentive—your natural
dOBlro to seo tho fund tjrow encour-
ages that tendency to thrift so nocos-
sary to success, No mattor how littlo
you can nfford to lay aside from tho
weekly wage, open a Savings,Account
In tho Hank of Hamilton..        ,
Head Office;
HAMILTON
musters of ours,    Tlioy forgot Hint In
...... l„v urum, nunn mom oui io you. ol'dwIo mnko tho bluff work they must
Support your pnrty mnrhlnos as here* t*0l,cnn' "I'0'1 *l10 »»'"<> old blind i'<*b*
,___>_._.__ .*.......... i. _    _    .        ... . ttiint   nml   fnl___   _l_n_   a_._.a ..!.*._._........t_._..l
pect and fnith thnt ohro chnrncterlzed
the workers of this country,
Cnn thoy ho count? I think not.
Things are happening to the wnrkera
of tho country. Tliey nro not so rendy
to accept,, tho pronouncements of tho
bench'ns revelations of divine Intel*
Bhlrcs and Heavy Draft,
Mr. T, II, Jcnkonson, Seven remonH,
Hiuldlo lHII'Hl'H
Mr, H, Sliaiiiion, (.ovi'i'dnlo, 11. C,
dairy cm tic nud Kli«r_ii.
I'rofcHHnr CuminlriKH, Truro, N. H.,
l»c*<*f i-iittH1 and huini-,
Tho  JudgoM  will  commence at   .0
•i.iii., July IM, ..-xti'it {or iI>iU-k mul
llgpnce. Tlifyr nrin no _n- bound by j shires, the juiIkIiik of which" will not
londors nre now free. Nothing remnlnn th° °1(l Brt,r,l,,a, ""Pfirstlttons concern*I rnimnnnro until Mondny, July 3rd. on
hut to porpotunto In powor thoso IiIbIi     *   10 jud,dary<    T1,0-v ,J<,«,M ,0 linvplnrronni nf thn Inability of I),-. Hold
,r,.„ttn.r,„„ ..,!,_. i ..._ ,. ..... _._.. seHoim doubts nn »o tho wlmlom nnd) to iirilve li. foro Unit lime.
Allliougli   ill.  entry  Hut   Iiimi   jv.-ir
thimble rigging as tho rereni (IpcIhIoIIh i «|,(,wod such a tremendous lurrr-uso
1lf\X'r.   l.fifn   n.inrlti-   tl,,,   11,1,  ,. ,   IV, ,   -I      ,       ' , *
miwl.   ihom rt-iiiiit—i-omliii' Vntlmi     < \,.  ;„..,!„  ,M{.  u,  ,,Hlll   __,   )(1J    ^,5^.
- , _^_ I fimtory   Iiici'c.'ihi*  In   inn. 1   of  tin*   -le*
CALOARY  INDUSTRIAL i imrtinentH.
Konilomcn who know whnt Ih boHt for ?.,"!TfJ™. ,, .   ,  ,
How pitiful n bit of trickery It nil
if.,
hi.uui.iiu'   Uil   is   buiteil, and Wall
.Sm-.-t Looms the slock on ni-elpt of
n-Min -x,
Lnlmr londors aro free, while the
IHhlWi-r of Columbia rourt rctn hu«iv tot
hnvo ilii.-m In again and the inarliJm-iy
Is net In motion In California to Mil
of a few othor labor leaders, which Im
certainly moro helpful. Mountlmo.
tlio croani of It all Is the complalniuir-**'
with which these transparent moves
a*.-*i*. rci-i'i'.cd. Thcie U 110 xhrnbt In
tlio minds of the.masteri ns to the
r.HiiliM,
, Dlgcontwt,   unrest,   and su«'iU'lori
muM nf-r-f-RtiBrfly be abolished by feurh
tnuihliiK proofs or falthfulnets to thc
bu«ls(-*H Interests.
V*t ihey forget ono   thing, the«e
EXHIBITION I
Tt,
i-n-yenr e
at the Cnlgnry industrial Kxl.lhltloi>
81011 min ulll havo evorythlng tu mull-
turn* for the official opening of the ox-
lilbltlon on July Int. Tho exhibition
wll bo officially opened nt 2 p.m. by
th*> Hon. Frank Ollvor, Minister of tho
Interior. Ottawa. Following the opening tho mont entertaining programrse
over presented will oemm-wi-**-*.     The
■Tv
,0*1 mm
CURED BY
FIG PILLS
An absolute Kuarunu-c ft*)*, with every
box of Fl« 1MLL8. Tlioy will mro
.iniRl'.ATIflM,     KION'KV   disorder,
. i' c t
following Judges have been appointed t IILAPDKR treuble.   CONSTIPATION
for the live stock: , 81.UOOI8H   L1VKR,  and all  STOM*
Mr. H. K. l>r»nn«n, IVreh#irons, SUtf-  At .1 nnd ROWKL disorders.   „At all
folk Funcli nnd IWlgian*. ideslera. _!.'• rents tier bov. or The Fig
Iir. J. II, Reid. (.uttph, Ont., Clyde*, j I'JIl Co., St. Thomas. Ont.
I _ .
1 ins-'A-s
.-:*-*- >.
f-
,i-
L
_ ' - ;"-'.- * >" 1>T***J \tn «. *■'_ *
--*, -Jr.'-'fy
-  *  "_-«- *- ?--*■*? -■*■'
' "*"' "•    ••-% '_■?*■*•"., -
*«,- ■*-.- c.;
^^-^■^fj.;
PAGE POUR
THE itlSTRIOT LEDGER, FEROTE/ B. C, JULY.1.i'1911.
'"'_i-*=.i-£,,&&*:_
'.fi.- -V
;ft.
tiji-*. -*&*..
li$Wjrt 'Ctfiger
." -Published every Saturday .morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue,'Fernie, B.-.C.   Subscription;:$1.00
.per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District.' Ad-
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job, and
- color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all'communications to The District^Ledger.
.--'_, *. .-„n -•_"*--■.-
...      J. W." BENNETT, Editor.*
Telephone'No. 48.,, Pos .office Box No. 380
.ANALYSIS OP THE STRIKE SITUATION
T.  HIS publication is;the official organ of the
.' , **■        *       - *-  '    -,
. mineworkers. .      . .        r     -
The mineworkers constitute one of the principals
in the existing controversy.'
The boundcn duty of ''The District Ledger" is
lo champion'the cause of those by "whom it is sup-
1 ported, and for. whose benefit it primarily exists.
'' The above facts being taken into consideration
it is natural to assume that, the independent critic
will consider its'judgm'ent biased. '   -
-..AVe cheerfully acknowledge" the logic of such
a deduction, but.not wholly   without .reservation,
becaii.se to do .this would-place us in "the category
*  Of those so wofully blind that overzeal necessarily,
puts tliem out of court and their best'intents thus
'vgang agley entirely.
iV, Firstly. Aye'must briefly review .the-situation".
-slat.ing only facts-of easy verification, then ■ eoi,n-
liienl, thereupon-"viewed in the light of our., own
understanding, asking that the observations    be
weighed carefully and criticized unstintingly. <,
„ .t'The complete-cessation of .work in all the coal
mines operated by members of The Western Conl
Operators' Asociation" and under the'jurisdiction
of District*18, U. M. "VY. of A., throughout-South-'
Eastern Kootenay in _0 C, and the entire-'province
'of Alberta, dates from April 1st.'   This knowledge
is common property, and cannot be contradicted.
.Three months have elapsed .-and'not a ton-.of
. coal has b,een mined for commercial purposes 'in
the properties" affected.* '".'J   .      *   ','.'
' AYe will' now proceed to discuss some features
_■•->_-
reajsoftable''indeed. Candor compels-us to^'admit
that there' are a'few, but'they form/a-very unap-
preeiable quantity .of the-whole, who are so bluntly'selfish or-so* stupidly ignorant that" they resemble' tlie dauphin'* of France,'" who,-.-jvh'en-the peasant-
lf^Jof that country were in revolt, asked foi- what
are-they crying and was told.f6r'""bread,"naively
asked: "Well, why don't they.eat cake!" -'Those
dwelling/on the outside of ,.the. sphere of activity
Sylio obtain their information from prejudiced'or
unreliable sources, will,talk-* glibly about ''exorbitant'demands," "victimized -by. unscrupulous
paid agitators, ";etc, oblivious to the fact that the
rank and file-of the mineworkers''.organization
       ...      .      . *   - y    _.     i... p
wm^n7n^miir^ir~__owh to jnany71ire'liof_W
<. thoroughly appreciated as they needs must be in
order to reach definite "conclusions when passing
judgment on-the merits of the'case.    .Prior to
April 1st there was not a single mine in .which the
men were steadily employed, and although the
.   number of shifts worked varied in different camps,
by far the greater number of tlie miners" did not
average twenty working days a -month for over
* * eight months prior to the shutdown.
The output of coal during the above period was
enougli to satisfy thb-requirements of the Irnde,
<:o!i':e-jiiently, as the consumers did not suffer any
inc-on rc-i-iei.ee there was no public clairoi'ius. "for
relief.'neither wns,-there more'thnn    a'- parsing
thought given as to how the producers of the eom-
modity—conl—were faring, whether for good or
„ ill was nmntter to the outsider of„but little mo-
ment so long as the public ,was not lacking fuel
supply.. There is nothing 'remarkable about this,
,   bocauso it is merely an exemplification of to-day's
slogan in this busy, bustling world "Each for him-
self and the devil take the hindmost."    We do nol
except tlie mineworkers as being any different in
their acceptance of this doctrine1 than any ptlicr
body of men," because they, like tlie rest of oi.-r
common humanity, realize that they must look
after themselves, for the simple renson that if tliey
. do not nobody els© will.
Before passing _tny strictures upon their actions
wo would suggest that the public do not overlook
thisi very importnnt itom for consideration4.
Whon thc nimoworkors were on short timo
whereby tho wages at tho end of tho month .wore so
smnll Ihnt it required a groat deal of skimping
to make ends meet, not it whimper was heard
from "lho public." They wero not suffering any
deprivation, hut tho miners were. That there
hns beon an appreciable increase in tho cont'of liv-
ing cannot ho gainsnid, nnd with the small im-rngo
monthly wages received by the minoworkeri. the
point wiih reached long before tiie agreement expir*
oil whifh I'otnpellod tliem, in the vast majority of
••linen lo live (!) very close to tlie barest margin
of subsistence, and as is nnturnl with overy'thinking human being to di.i-.iru butter conditions, them!
men who rlig coal saw that if thoy did not intend
to submit supinely to a still further lowering of
' tho standard of living thnn .hey hnd hend uf pro
oxperiencr-il thnt a sensible increiise fnoniiniil at
least) was absolutely essential. ■[
Jluutiw prior lo April 1st various members of
tlm ttxui'.itivu Hoard visited the dlfforont locnl
unions throughout District 18 and discussed the
questions affecting each enmp thoroughly, this
done, a sot nf proposnls wna fnnnulated and pre-
m*ii1"*i*i wll ..iti UilgHry eonierqice in Mare'li wheii
tliey met the operators iu joint seasion. Wo
would call the attention of our renders to .this
very pertinent fnet that the various items eon.
taiiiftl in the set of proposals are not the eut-and*
dri-vf program of a few individual-**-, but tlu* reimtt
of deliberations in which every member of the
firganization Jibs a voice nnd vote in forming.
Those who live in the tan I mining'communities
outline the pcViicy that is to be pursued' by the representatives! ~y", '. ■•''■  ' --    .
Quite,frequently it is stated that the officials "of
a lalior organization welcome a strike rather than
making an effort to .avert it, whereas thc truth is
that the contrary is the ease. Jf material interests
guide a man's action, and this.we are confident is
generally conceded, then it is to the monetary
advantage of the officials of the U. M.,W. of A.
to hasten a settlement of a dispute if*by any"rtct
of theirs it can be effected without injury to the
cause as they only receive half of tlieir usual salary so long as at. least. 50 per cent of. the; membership remain idle. ' '■'„''
' X . d
For* the sake of illustration we will take the
highest average monthly wage as $90, whicli is
in'reality higher .than the average paid in any
camp and-is, only approached in* a few localities
and by a very small percentage "of the entire' membership. We will now ask any of our readers, if
they consider the, aforementioned "sum excessive
for a man.to support himself and.those*dependent
upon him iii a manner befitting an-ordinary citizen in tliis much vaunted "era .of prosperity "-.so
insistently*heralded from press and platform. Wc
feel sure that they will agree with us that is' little
enough, then if so, how mueh more necessary, is it
that a sensible increase .be granted when the .average monthly wages of the vast majority is below
."•jiGO? These statements may not be accepted by
those "\y_li the preconceived notions of many diving beyond,the coal mining'centres, but that we
have neither exaggerated in "the, one instance, nor
minimized in the other can be easily proven -by
those willing to investigate.-,"' •- '
-The. investigation is closed,-all evidence submitted, and yet we have the chairman asking each parly
foi "a definite pronouncement of every point at
issue," a setting forth of .the"Ultimate demands."
This in iself conveys a "skepticism as to the" bona-
•fidesbf the/action of both parties "up to the present,
aiid-. by inference, at least," suggests that they have
heretofore been .'playing-, .'a bluff.".  * The adop-
t ____■_ .\*F-__M ____!_ T\a1./1T. __+ 4.1_  _« A_-__ __>____.___. i.1.  _. ,_.—_ . . .  Jl 
tViL-vji.- ouni-ro^jiUiiUJ-ovtn-.lo-oiagt-.~u_~i_u-prui_'_l_:u.""r"
ings'we. do not think is" likely to result in any appreciable" advancement toward ..the end desired.
■We may be wrong,'and'sincerely hope so too, but
we hae ,oor, doots.
During the progress of the enquiry information
was furnished regarding wages at each camp, the
average cost per head for maintenance, so that all
three of the gentlemen composing the Board who
are all- residents of the West should be able to
form some opinion relative to the merit of the.
demands„"made on behalf   of* the mineworkers.
Then, on the other hand,-the cost,of production
and the sale/ price of coal has been furnished by
operators and where there has been a failure to do
this it ,is not unreasonable to surmise -that thc
percent a go of profit has been 'above the average
of those submitted -becauso in -lhe latter ense there
was no unwillingness displayed,- hence using rn»
a basis of computation the factors known and
the factors assumed (tho latter with a plus sign
to tho general average) thero should be no insuperable difficulty about renching an individual decision. -I ■ .,
We take issue with _)r. Gordon, if he be correct-,
ly reported, when stating that ho represents "a
party more deeply interested than either of you,
that is the peoplo of Canada." If tho qualifying
words "to me" had been interpolated in tho above
quotation, then thore would bo no room to cavil,
'but tho'two pnrtics immediately involved are
vitally and exclusively interested in tlio coal mining
industry, whereas those outside its sphere (tho people),, while very deeply interested it is true, it is
only ineidntnl and partial. Nono of tho miners
are receiving any wages, nor aro nny of tho operators deriving any profits, whilo they for whom Dr.
(Jordon is tho spokesman (tho peoplo) havo in some
Instances suffered inconveniences, thoir businesses
are not wholly at a standstill. As a representative
of "the peoplo,' and with tho data already in his
possession it seems to us that tho learned gentleman
should be in ft position to make such a roport of
whnt he oonsiders just as well best subserve tho in-
tcrcstfl of his.clients with,tho least injury to tho
mineworkers nnd tho operators,
We mny have n misconception of the function of
this Hoard >hut to sum up tho wholo situation ns wo
see it our viewpoint is as follows, and this we may
sny parenthetically is ex: cathedra.
Tho mincworkoro domanded eortain eonnessions
hocause tho existing remuneration tliey considered
inadequate. Tlio operators would not grant thoRo
bnsing their objections on the plea that tho profits
on the eoal mining did not justify, they therefore
made romilcr proposals which were rejected hy tlio
other party. No -common ground of ivipprochomont
was attained, hence o deadlock ensued, and n third
party W|is called in to mediate or suggest sueh mid-
die course ns this third pnrty deemed equitable, nnd
now. instond of ao doing we lmvo n policy outlined
,?_-7'?!. .*■ .'">"
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T^Shbrte&t Route to thfcCoast"
2
Changes
dniy. .to the
Atlantic
■--.;, • Observation^ ;
Compartment* aiid
Standard Tourist
■*. ....-.,_ *     ,.* ■ -
77 Sleepers   YYy
FIRST  CLASS   COACHES
: r°
Train leaves Fernie at 1:30Ddaily,   ex. Sunday
Phone No. 161 ; ,
,  Special Saturday rate Fernie to Elko, 85c, good returning Monday   '
I
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)A«AttA«A«A«A ®A«A«AOA«A«A«A
EXHIBITION
,.°- - ''.      ,* - 7      -•'',."'-'
: Jii ne 30* h to July 7th. $29,000 iri Prizes
'. The" best,, special features everseen in Canada west'' of Toronto,  '
"   .:'•.','_   "-,   "       ,    hicluding';   '   "--    ; '';;'""''-.-'    V.
Strobel's Aeroplane -    ,
Brennan's Mono-Rail Car    \   I
Moving Pictures o'f Coronation. &
■_■ ■ ' ■'■
i Grand Fireworks Display f
<
REDUCED PASSENGER RATES >
Full..Particulars from   the Mgr.,   E.  L.
'•"    '' '   .7' ' "    ,.     ■ -" 'N-     ''"'-'.■."''
RICHARDSON'    ►
.--"     '•.,"- '*"' .f
Your Architect
can give you an' idea of what
you have ln mind for that new
house of yours, but* ho     •*
May Plan a House
thatcosts double what you want
to oxpond. Wo have figured out
how •
-
To Suit Your Pocket .
and glvo you a beautiful'homo
at low   figures,    You'll   save •
monoy buying a house of us.
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance    Real Estate
KING'S HOTEL
Bur Niippllod with tho best Wlncn.
Llquoi'H and CIh*u*h
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths,
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazelwood Buttermilk-
mmtmm*
Viotoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.      Phone 34
KINO   LOOK8   FOR,SETTLEMENT
Mlnliter  of Labor Thinks  P«ae«  It
..   •       Near In Coal Strike
florrotnry John T. Hall, or tlio Associated Iloanls of Trado of Wostorn
Canndn, tli In morning rocolvod a let-
torRrnm sont out by the resolutions
■vjuiiiHM.-v «i wo umo of the conven-
11 wi ha i. i\.t\i*i\*lut, li-'i-o c\)ni »iii'JkO.
In Ills rcidy Ui<? Jflnlstcr of Labor
stated that whll-r- nothing could bo
dono further than whnt wns alrwuly
bolni? done hy tho conclllnUon hoftd
w*«.   *U.«.k*,.^, .v,j  n WBiUMitttt-tUX., life Ii-lrt-
cd the Interost that wm being Ul«m
In tho aoitlcment of (ho atrlko through
out tho west. Ho sUted furlhor tlmt
ho had grout hopes Ihat tho conciliation board would bring the dlsputo to
Royal
Hotel
Stanley St.  - Nelson
Best Family and Working man's
Hotel Iri City; nicely furnished
rooms with Bath. Beds, 60o,
each, meals, 35c.
A Union Hbiise
/
Prop., J. S. BARRATT
that hu ulr-Mily .-oiuiunitil mil.* timo without nv.il. ^^a^T' * ^ *"""
r.  4i __ i ^    *' *\    «r   . *. • _.lno* w"1*"* « ahort time.     However,
In thA I«t>KtintfSv of tlifl W*mt U ix now n enw   of j should nxuh ,„,t ),_»»i,« ew hi* »«VM
"Fifth, or cut. l>n.t"; in oll^r wonls, tnltc a bI«tk1
thnt mny meet with tho npprovnl of • 'the people"
ntul an» m<|m._iiti»<l with thfl arjtual <-ondi1 kinsh»y thj-ir flr*fr(**i!it«><l roprmentntivr', nm? thon tho _e-
inf*iiU»Mt*tn the irutmlry do not h«.itnt<* to stntoIffrflftWRtlon to accept or reject hy cither or both of
iht.»   !?k-.v ret/ar . th* i»iu«»r*«' i)<hmuhU   ha   wry; the two priiifipnl* cnn be naecrtnined.
that tho Ai.swhijfd Hoards matte uug-
gallons nn «0 what thoy considered
tho bc*t way,to teach a settlement, nnd
tho department would be pleated to
consider anrl -1* -- tbem - U«hbH4f«
Horald.
buvkAkiw '-»tiii.tt ik ititi iiiiei ol ii new
fortnightly that has rocontly reached
this office. It Is published by tlio City
Central Commlttoo of tho Socialist
Tarty of Seattle. Tho yearly subscription Is 11.00, and It's guaranteed
circulation at prwK»nf Iftnftrt,
A branch nf rlic Am.iJffftnintcd flock
\y or Cjii-j-e.jtc.i- nud Joiners was opened nt Saskatoon, Basic, on Juno 1$,
wtUt % Initiatory membership of U,
with double that numbor in sight for
th* notti niMiUng. Organ!Mr a! 8,
| HVIIs. R-»arln», w*» on tht* fnb.
I
„. %/ -
;T*H*E7.G^NA;DJA^l¥^Bl.'
7r,r";®-F^aMMER6E-;,'.,.  ,,,
.•>:. -  -t
■V-.C   \--     **
■yjSIRlEDMUND WALKER^aV.OvLL^D.C:^. ReebENT
ALEXANDEp^LA!Rpr,GENERAL7MANAGERV & -.:. ^.
<■*-.' Jl
^CAPITAL."- $ 10,000,000
"f.-S.
RE5i;^ $7,000,000'--' i^ i
. - *V, ;'
;.:T'H E;SA:VJNGS>B'ANK^^A (
of The C^adiau Bank of Commerce)wiilrr^eive'd^ -'; I ':,'■"'''>i
-upwards, on which'jnterest is allowf;d atxurrent'^rates. 'There is no '-' *''-\ ' '
. delay an withdrawing* the whole or any portion of thedeposit.- Small -"*' 7.7 _ *
.■.deposits are welcomed.     ;•'-.'■-,**   *,.»    .  --Sv    ,',:-,-    .,-* *  ■**-..- ,,. -%.^%.,7,:
r       X *    •■ ,1 . 1       „--.- *.( -■     _.       l"     ( -. *■".■_■•■*■    ' Jl      -     " '   * l   """    ■    -. - '     •    "r
,    Accounts may be opened in the names o'f.two or more'personsrto be";'r      ; * -'
operated by any one of the number or by=tlie survivor.. A joint account'*;,      ^ "'-
of.this kind sav.es expense in.establishing .the ownership of the money.....   '^     i
after death, and is especially^usefu^when a man desires to provide ,for-"„      7" ,
, his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death;
, FERNIE* BRANCH ' */• ...     yj-^ T":   f  L Vs/'dack,' Mahler, Y- 'y\
j STOVES! STOVES!T
j        Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
I or Wood Burners, and V
.       Wood Burners        ^,
Ranges and Cook Stoves
Ji M*  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
-'\
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IF YOU WANT THE BEST
And   Nothing: but the Best in Fresh
arid    Smoked    Meats;    Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
* Etc.' ^Etc, ^grp" to', 7 .* ■'.-.**■ ' -  *    \ v~
THE 41
, SAM GRAHAM, Manager   ,
CO.
PHONE 41
CiEi LYONS
,Real
and Loans
Money to Loan on .first claissi Business aticl Residential property
The Jeweler--That's All
\, ' .,   i"   i, *
Right on the corner.
Electric Lighted
8toam Heated
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MR8. 8. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRE88 \
Hot and Cold Wator L. A. Mills, Manager
C ereal Cookers
0 il Stoves
R easting Pans
O ils, Paints and Varnishes
N obby Baby Carriages
A labastines and Fresco Colors
Table Oil Cloths
1 n Tools our Stock is complete
O il Cloths and Linoleums
No Order too small to fill
Hardware J.  D,   QUAIL   Furniture
rtmif* *.  ft
'** _. r
-   "_"*     * ,       -     "-^1 """_   #■*•*   'A-    «•     * *"£.      '   > ■-■-_■> J.    -Wt   '     -*__-_*■-     - -_*      '   iir,   • ni^l  _-     -t i   .   '„**      _,■*■*- , __.• , -      "l**      " *.    _-     ."J       "",■.*- 1 ■
* y?.'\ibf: ■i'-^^Y'-^^y*"'^,*'"'"-./-^-. -:77 fU,-*; -5 '^ ^ ,^,- 'j*}-l;*:;^r^*i!
MMfOUMM
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THE-DISTRICT. LEDGER, FERINE,   B. C, JUL^.l,'1911.   ,;
;*_   .,    -*■ ,l v^ft
PAGE   FIVE
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:-,',*♦''"*-,''.    . michel.news ,7.,(,--,■ •♦
.'"..♦"" "*'" • By "Krimea.''," *,'■.'".'".'" ',♦
.'". ♦-'' ' '' '. .„-■ * 'v. '"-'- -. '•:'-,'' +
*.', ♦,.♦'.♦ ♦"'♦■"♦.♦;♦. <>;"♦',♦"♦
'*" "' ;, *7?7- ''FootbaHNotes**,--*.'-;
\*,", Michel'v]'Qurneyed"'-tQ7Coleman'last
Saturday^ to^lay their League game!
■ „,-"This .was the-first",time-for both
/.clubs",to -meet this .year?,  , Rain'_ell
heavily while the"game-was in progress
- causing ^the* ball .to-,be*very' heavy.
0  The teams lined out as-follows: Mio-
- -,hei:.Jlm Md6re_-goal:«Sam Mooi-e and
J. Watson/backs; W." Grant, W Jenkins4
""■* T./Ja-ikson,. halves ;.*"; J. Harper, Fred
Beddlrigton'; J. Ferguson" (captain),, H.
.   Brown, S. Weaver, forwards.'   ,  '■' ' .
• 7\. Coleman.-    Sam   McDonald,   goal;
.   J. .KDerrecks and' McCulIoch, 'baclts;
.    Frazer, J. Hunter and-Roughead^hal-
. ves; Jenkins, J. Kellock; Easton, Holm-
,    es, J. Emerson, forwards: ...   7
Referee, Jas, Wilson, ■ ePrhie.
,   Coleman won the toss, Ferguson kick
',  Ing the leather off for Michel, arid soon
set* the' forwards_ going but they finish-
*" 3d up-badl/, Brown missing an easy
openlng'tn^the first few minu,tes. From
,: the goal klckJenTcins.'made,a'fine' run
oir-the*'right-wing \and.a well-'placed
■ centre  gave; Easton'.an  opportunity
.-'to, score/1 but'he ,shot-'over the bar.
>   "Play then settled" down in midfield'for
* some time.   Weaver1 got away on the
v!-left and gave a" fine "pass .to ^Beddirig-
tbnt the'latter "shot but .McDonald was
• -safe in goal. The same player again
J -"shot-for goal)( but could; not get'-past
-McDonald. -For a brief period after,
,*    -        . -  ,     <-..,.     ,* -.
this Coleman.-were aggressive,- Emerson forcing a .corner.. ,The corner
' ivas placed with judgment,' but it, was
safely dealt with-lby Michel" goalie,
.Jackson, who .sent, the ball to llarpe.
on the right.wing,'the latter ran-up
■ a tlio .line and -forced^ a"' corner.     This
i-was cleared.,-   Michel''had, the-best
pf the game up to half;tlme.*.but the
,.-  forwards were weak in front of goal. ''
. Half-time, score-^Coleman, nil; Mlc-
"   hei, nil.      "'       .."' 'v,. '     '„.'.'
Roughead restarted for Coleman and
the forwards' came ' Into   prominence
with, a delightful burst'and shots from
' Jenkins "and- Kellock _, tested .-"Moore,"'
,but he was safe.'. After a short time
the Michel boys again .warmed up. to
* their work,arid the"6ut'side^left,""Weav-
fereakfast;'wasf''served, at" thes home of
the*bride's parents to'a large:nuinber
of guests.- ' The toast" to the -.bride and
bridegroom was proposed .by Mr; James
Davidson:and, responded, to' by' Mr:
Thos.' .Jenkinsori..',; After, a: splendid
repast'.'all adjourned ioJ-Mr. ;Thos. .Crahan's Hall, where'-dancing was indulged .in till'the small, hours of the morning, _ The happy couple were the "recipients'of a large number of* presents
of wliich .the following is a-list:'
Bridegroom to bride—--Gold bangle. ,.
to'; Bridegroom--Oold „breast
IV'
^rt-fl^JVJgiJ^
iDri
-runr-and—a—wel
placed centre gave'H. Brown an oppor;
' tunltyto score, but. he shot rlglit, into
the goalkeeper's hands.H,. From^a,free
.-Idck Coleman gained ground,'but-were
dllven back. Ferguson obtained pos-
■session and made- his 'wny* towards
Coleman goal, and passing back to
Harper,, the-latter beat rthe. Coleirian,
goalie with-a good shot. t Coleman
tried, hard to equalize, but could not
get post the defence. ,."'..
Final score—Michel, 1; Coleman, 0.
," »> Crow's  Nest  Pass  League' Table
played ^y;
L.
n:
Pts
Michel   ..   ..    5. ..  3  '
- 1
1'.
.7
Bollovuo   ...   "}    " 1'
Ol
2
4
Coal Creek ..3      ]
0
,  2
' 4
Colemnn  ....   ">      1
3,
-1
.3
Frank •;.   ... '.4 ■    i ■
' 3 -
0
'2
Mr. .Thos," Jenkinson,-'acted "as .best
man-,/■■ After the ceremony, a wedding'
Bride
Pin.     '."
Bridegroom, to best "man — Gold
breast"pin.', ;   "7  -
Bridegroom to bride's
locket and chain. '     •
Bridegroom    to ' bridesmaid—:Gold
brooch" set with pearls.
. Bridegroom to bride's brother—Gold
cuff links.. *       '"'      -
".Bride's mother—Cheque and bedding
Mr. ,-James'Davidson aiuTMlss'L.
Jenklnspn—Silver'*tea service arid'silver fruit dish and silver shaving" set'
7Mr. and Mrs.'".T.' A. Spruston—Silver
mounted .'biscuit, barrel. . . ■' y r [-•
VMr. and Airs.* John Williams—Silver
cruit, and bed linen and table linen.
- **;Master-Willie-Jenkinson—Silk table
cloth':.-;'■•!-;   '7.    ,   '     '"f>   -   '.
-• Miss _ E.*  Spruston—Silver bon-bon
basKet., 1 ,7
,,' Trites-Wood Co.' Employees—Silver
teaservice'and silver butter barrel. -,
'.- DrsrWeldon'and Shawr-Silvei* knives
arid forks and spoons.* 7 •-   *    ,
' J Nurse - (Mrs)" Claude—Silver  teaspoons. '      '" -, .'- '  -
-Mr. and Mrs. Stewart—Hand-painted
chiria.     '     .*:*''•     7.   •
**. 'r
', "Mr! ""Maurice Burrell—Set -"..carvers
and^sllve'r fruit dish. .' ' -
'"Mr. * Joe Combs—Silver, biscuit barrel.. * v  .  V'7 "*-.--        -.- '-.'
■Mr" arid   Mrs. - Wesnedge — Silver
pickle; jar.. '•*. . '    -   i,*     y
■  Mr: and Mrs: Almond—Silver' candle
sticks.   .7. v.; "* ■. ■;"-•< .-: -.  .'  -
.Mr. George'Millett —Silver butter
- -* ^   ,.        , c*. *
dish'and* silver gravy jug and stand.
- Mr: and ..Mrs." Moody—Silver,-   jam
(lishT**- ' •' -■:-'       ,-,   ,;"     '   '-■'*.      "^*
• ■ -, -.-'■!;.■ .<• *.-■_   t-  -,   -
♦ ♦ ♦'♦♦♦.♦'<♦*■.♦,♦ ♦
' -  ;      '* .■■_.■--a-v- -":, ♦
coal creek" bv 174'     ♦
♦ ^ ♦ -#- ♦ ^ 4>"-» ♦'♦ ♦.♦ ♦
- Mr and Mrs. Harry -Billsborough
are receiving the congratulations' of
their-friends .upon the arrival.of a
daughter on Saturday night.'. Mother
and, daughter.both doing-well (father
likewise)'.        .^ •**,     -■ . **   * '/--**;
■".Mrs."J. Larig'don returned home*from
Nanaimo on Thursday irirtime to witness the" Coronation celebration. .This
is the lady wrho; was elected" Grand
Warden of the'Rebekah's at'the recent
convention held in Cranbrook, and is
a member of Nanaimo Lodge,.'
Mr. J. E. Jay had the misfortune to
lose the school register, when riding on
the .flat car on Tuesday. Anyone
sister—Gold finding'same is asked to leave',at the
Ledger Office. - ' * •
*, Provincial1 Chief Constable Mlnty
accompanied by . Constable McLeod,
paid an official visit up here Tuesday
making an examination of the surroundings..'* '     , " •;
^   - -1 - -  - * , v
Jack Lewis, Game Warden, was here
on Tuesday. ' ' "
. We have*, no accidents tb report.'
Wednesday.night,.about 7 '.o'clock,
a man* sitting on the club ver'aridah,
noticed a chase* in progress, and im-
■"medlately gave the' alarm, whereupon
from every' nook and cranny sallied
forth men, women; and children, all
anxious, to ascertain" the cause of the
commotion.,, A small animal was espied,'and'after a run that would have
done'credit to an old country harrier,
Danny Oliver with a well directed
throw broke the animals leg, and poor
Buririie is'now' laid up for' repairs in
Glover's rabbit hutch.'
The fed and white wearers leave on
Friday morning,* playing Frank that
same day, and being one of the principal, cards at'Bellevue -July lst celebrations* to'be held-at Bellevue.
, Mr. and Mrs!,.William Hardy have
lef' tliere»to, go *-* to' tlieir new home,
Coronation Cottage, Cokato. Mr.
Davidsonr accompanied.; them. P Mr.
Davidson is .expecting.his wife and
family from tlie old country,' also liis
old churns', Malone and* Sandy.
''■-J..E. Smith,'our'Board Meriiber, and
recently re-elected by, acclamation President of the Gladstone,Local/is still
away at Banff "attending the Councils
of-thG-Goncillatlori'Boarur^-1*-^ '
Mr;.W.; Moody and Miss F. Ryan-
Silver crult." .      ,  "',       -  ,/"• '■-   ",
.'  Mr.,'McLaridersand Miss Grundy—
'Silver dish .:'','     -   .    -,.
Mr.-Tyler kad Miss A.Carr-^Copper
kettle.   . . ?, ',.-'.'   ' -
Mr. Leon Weeks—Silver, knives and
Forks. ,    * . /.
*> ,
Mr.' "and Mrs. Morris—Silver popper
Bhakers and table linen.  *    ,^ ■ ',   ••
Moses—Brush    and
<■  Aro'wo (|ownhoartod ln Michel? Oh,
No! No! No!   - On Monday a free con-.'
cert "was-given by tho Michel F. 0. E„
whicli proved a'great success, and was
enjoyed*'by   many,'   Tho   following
program was gono llirough ancl render
od In great stylo, Mr. Stedman,' P.W.P.,
officiated as chairman, and dellverod a
fow remarks to opon proceeding's:
, Overture, Messrs. Bautlon nnd Littler,
song, And tho Littlo Child, Sho Led
Theni, Mr; II. Price; comic song, John
Willie, Como Out, Mr. J, Mullen, oncoro
song, Flan; Instrumental selection by
Bohemian Band;,song, Thorn, Mr. A.
Williams;   sparring   exhibition    by
Travis Bros.; song,,Down tho Shady
"Lano,  Mr. J.  Coopor;   oncoro Bong,
' Thoy wore   SlnRlntf   Homo,   Sweet
Homo;duct, Llfo's pfeam Is Over, Mrs.
Jl Eccloston and A Bast Ian; collo so1,-*-,
Mr. 3. Soweli: comic song, A-ml His
Day'« Work Was Dono, Mr. A, Allen;
oncoro sons*, Peep A-bo; song, Playing tho Onmo tu the Wsot, Mr. D.
Robinson; sonff, Down tho Valo, Mr.
Jas. Stewart; song, On tho Rood of
Lifo, Mr, V. Frodflham;;lil,ovano(l,o
Lifo, Mr. J, names; sonic, Let Mo Llko
a 80_d.0r.Fall, Mr. V Frodsliam; Whist,
ling solo, Aulocp In the Doop, Mr. J,
Hurvor; clog dance, Sailor's Hornpipe,
Mr. J, Sunipton (encored); song, Queen
of tlio Earth, Mr. H. C. Heard; soloc*
tion musical, Messrs. I-tpstinn.-Almond
nnd Littler,
This brought the concert io a finish
when everyone departed -quoting tho
entertainment aa ono of tho most sue-
coui-ful of Its kind.
One of tho most fashionable *wedd.
in-si over -solemniied in this camp took
via.*,* '-t'li-dMi&y t(i*> it iih, Um Methodist
Church, when Mtss Martha Jenkinson,
young-nt d»ught«r of Mr nnd Sir*,
Titos, JenklnBon, forniorly of Parton,
Cumborlnnd. England, now of Mlchol,
iiw--. vifnUtu 10 rn ixi i> Mcl^wtn, iiite ot
Sydney, Nova Scotia. Tho Rev. H.
R Grunt, of Fernio, officiated, The
bride was handsomely attired In Ivory
satin, trimmed wllh laco, and woro a
veil (rimmed with wreaths of orange
blossoms, rnrryfiur n honajiel ot whito
hyacinths, the gift of tbe brld-Jjrro.ro.
Mr, .Tn», Ttnyidnon g-nvftth-t brt*!^ array,
Miss U Seakiiiaon *nd Miss IS. 8pm*-
ton were brtd-_im»ld»:. Tbo lMt«r
were drauusn] In white silk ind blue
sashes, carrying booquete of white til-
left, the gift ot Mr, T. ReW-rtetj-n, end
wwirin* srel-f lwJir-»f» smf rhnttxn, nnd
broocbes, tbe gifts of tbe bridegroom.
Mr.* and Mrs
crumb tray.
Mr and Mrs. Winters—Sliver mounted cake dish. *
7 Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson—Table
glasses. • ' •
. Mrs. Jenkins—Hand-painted tea set,
Mr. and Mrs. Laurence—Cut glass. ,
Mr. arid Mrs. Bristain—Fruit dlBhos.
. Mr. and Mrs. T. Robinson—China
fruit dish.
Miss   Hai'stori—Hand-palnted   fruit
dlBhos.
Mr. and Mrs. Hovon—Hand-palntod
plates.
Mr. and Mrs. Phillips—Flower stand
and vases.
-* Miss A.. Scales—Sugar basin and
cream Jug,       ,
Mr. and MIbb Loaco—Table cloth,,
Mr and Mrs Christian—-Bath towels.
Mr. and Mrs, Ruohton—-Toilet set, •
Mr. and Mrs. Hulsh—Fruit dleh and
tablo cloth.,
*, Mr, HowolI—MoorBclmm plpo,
Mr. and MrB. Jack   Stophonson-—
Tablo linen.
Miss Jlnmpton—Cut glass.
MIbb F. Hampton—Candle sticks,
Mr. nnd Mrs. Mnssottl—Hand-pnlntcd
coffoo set,
'Mr.   J, 'Mooro—Set   hnnd*palntod
china,
Miss Mast—Tablo contro.
Mr, and Mrs. Nnylard—Tablo llnon.
' Mra nnd Mrs. Carr—Towels
Mr. A Hopwood iind Miss R, Simla*
toi*—-Tablo Llnon,
Mr. and Mrs. W. Whltolionso—Silk
cushion.
Mr.   nnd   Mrs. W. Iloblnson—Silk
cushion.
Mr nnd Mrs. Bridgo—Table linen,
Mr. nnd Mrs. E, Robinson—Handworked lowcls, „ .
Mr. D. CniMlck—Tnblq contro. '
Mr.   nnd   Mrs.   Kcoleoton—-Tablo
cloth,
Mr. flee Hnn—Hand-painted  card
tray.
Miss   Mukkio   04rr-*-Hand-pttintod
fruit dishes.
MY end Mrs. Tyler—-D«lh toircl and
bedding,
Mm   Graham—Embroidered   pillow
sriutn,
Miss R. Spruston—Knives and forks.
\	
♦ ;♦ ■♦■ ♦ •♦ <*. ♦ <«». *■ «► ^ ♦
HOSMER .NOTES.
By "Kritik."    . '
■■»
,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦'♦♦
Despite existing quietude Hosmer
still continues to' increase., as" we Have
three births to' chronicle this. week.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Labelle, a* son.
On Sunday June 24th two young iadies
made-their deliut on life's stage, one
at the home of Mr' arid -Mrs. A. Mathe-
soii and .he other at Mr and Mrs Jlike
Boassaly's. ' 4 _ - - * • ■
. Mr. Brainleyj Vho is now the representative of the C. P. R. at Crow's
Nest Station called upon his old'3friends
here last-Saturday, and during his brief
stay was the guest of,Mr. J. D. Thompson.       ,'       -   •.      '
>   *     -- <)■
Mr.. A. A. Gillespie, of Fernie, drove
oyer Friday last and made' a social
visit upon his friends, Air. and' Mrs.
A. B.' Campbell. - Mrs. W Eschwig, of
the Northern -Hotel, spent- two days
with friends" here "during* the week,
Mrs?* Digby is visiting her daughter,
Mrs. A. Matbeson. '
' The members of the W. A. met at the
home of Mrs! J. D. Thompson ori Tuesday' last, when^a pleasant and profitable afternoon'was^spent.
■• Mrs. Kennedy, is' "entertaining -her
niece, Miss McKee, of Klko. _ *   ■
Among . the, visitors to * Fe«*nie on
Wednesday'were Mesdames Campbell,
Salt .and Wright, and Misses'Kennedy
arid -McKee.
„ Mr. Healey and., family were passengers-on the.G. NV southbound Wednesday last en "route to Seattle-for a two
weeks'* vacation, and during Mr. Hea;
leyfs .absence Mr. Crooks will' have
charge of the, milk special. *
.Mrs. Crooks and children are now
back: from Corbin, to become citizens
of, Hosmer.    ,   ;
Charlie Marlatt, who has been * attending school during Ui8 past year
at Portage 'la Prairie, returned home
Monday.  * '-•      '"' 7" ' '
Miss-Dell Fletcher came home.rom
Nelson's school for.the'holiday.
; Mr. Percy Warr, formerly in th engineering ".department df the Hosmer
Mine" Co.,'" Is"-'-visiting his many friends
here this week.    -.   - -    n
■Since the first "of-April there has not
been' a single-man arrested, which
speaks well for -the-'orderly conduct
that is being*observed.* , '
,"\V: S. Lane, and-a friend, made a
trip' iiito No. 2 mine on Sunday last,
but did not go far-; into the interior.
T." Banns accompanied "tliem as guide.
Mi_. J. W. Buchanan and family will
leave Whitehaven July 14th homeward
bound.   '   ;   " 7
" .William Adams, who arrived ln Canada about five weeks from Wlngate,
Durham, is 'staying with Mr. -and Mrs.
Jamefs Madison.
A most a§ccessful concert was given
in the Club Hnll on Saturday Inst, of
which tho following is tho progrnH*):
Piano "selection, C. Percy; Curtain raiser, Swanny Rivor, Choir; chorus, Como
Whoro the Lilies Bloom, Choir, song,
Skylark, J. Hamer; song, Miles Away
from Homo, W. - R. Puckey; song,''
In Happy Moments, Geo. Smith; song,
Job. Howltt; song, Maybe I'll Como
Back, D. Ollvor; 8ong,..Lovo Mo and
tho World Ib Mine, Job. McMillan;
comic song, Gotling Larger, R. Bills-
borough; sorig,' My Old Shako, P. Hos-
kotli; chorus, In tho Evening, Choir;
chorus, Comrailos ln Arms, Choir;
song, Flight of Ages, J. Hamer; comic
song, Railway Portor, Wm. Puckoy;
song, Star of My Soul, Goo,, Smith;
song, Just au You Aro, D. Ollvor; aong,
Beautiful Ifllo of tho Sea, Jos, McMillan, piano soloctlon, C. Percy; song,
Throo for Jack, P. Hoskolh. Tho following generously responded to encores: W, Puckoy (twico), D. Oliver,
R. Blllaborough. Mr Goo. O'Brien
In tho chnlr.
' Tho Mnlo Volco Cbolr gavo thoir
second1 concort on Tuesday to a pack-
ed and enthusiastic house.
and the pah* of them when they return
from the coast where they liave-gone
for a short visit will be given a hearty
reception.   ...       3,'       /, ,, -. ■
Well! Here's good luck to'you" both
and may "you live long'and happy.
•*At Great Falls, Montana, Bessie Mii.
.sen Lefley, daughter of Charles Lefley
of Coleiiian.-was joined in'the bonds
of matrimony to Oscar, Edwin Erick-
son.' " - Miss Mabel Lefley, sister of
the bride, was a witness of the ceremony. * The happy .couple are spending their honeymoon visiting Canadian
points of interest. - '
The installation of the officers*of
the I. 0. 0. F. will take place onJuly
10th. P. G., J. Swan; N. G_, J. Had-
tleld; V G., McLean Hunter.
On1 the _ evening of'the Coronation
Day, which by the way passed' off
without the slightest mishap, one'of
tlie men who was sitting in the Opera
House, declined to doff his hat in accordance with time-worn custom, was
called, tp book, and still declining' tp
remove the lid, "was removed lo, the
town's boarding house,and locked 'up.
His,case came up for'hearing the following dny, and as there were so many
v itnesf-es  willing to  testify tho  au-
loiilies deemed.it*advisable to drop
e i-.ire and release our unpatriotic
(!) friend.   ;    .       '• ■' :      '
John Hadfleld is*now at,home in his
new' villa' on the top bunch, and his
calling days are 1 Monday, .Tuesday,
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday a-nd the rest of the week.
The Lille "boys" played Coleman
juniors on Coronation Day at football
with''the/"following .result: Lille, 3;
Coleman, 1.' Some of the Lille team
are heavy and considerably older.than
their opponents. ' * -. J
'-Among'the many pleasing features'
of the 4tli of July celebration given by
the F. 0. E._ there will .be excellent
music rendered by the Blairmore
Band. Maypole and other dances will
be performed by highly trained bands
of children. Space,. prevents telling,
all the good things in store for those
who attend, so ,we urge upon all who
can to' visit- Coleirian' ori July 4th..'
s
Coleman
Hotel
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
ALBERTA'S CARE OF CHILDREN:
The-'development of.private charities
♦•♦;♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ -+ •* «
♦ ;',    ■*-.'•• """        ♦
♦ '    CORBIN  NOTES ♦
4> •' J- "y-tyj."Sweet 16."  , -* ♦
•♦* .".."'" J     '♦
♦ '♦;♦ ♦•♦'♦ ♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
W. ,Gus Smith,-resident superintendent,' wassailed to Banff very hurriedly on'Tuesday to attend a meeting of
the Western Coal Operators' Association. *. Mr. A/M.'AUen will be acting
superintendent during the absence of
Mr. Smith.
' -Nat.Evans, and Nat Howells went
down to Michel 'on Tuesday night to
attend Mickey McLean's wedding. This
ls the second time Nat Howells has"
visited Michel within a week. Wo
wonder who tho lady enn be.
Michel Rifle Club paid, us a visit
on* Saturday last, A match was arranged for Sunday afternoon, and re-
sultpd'.ln tho defeat of the Mlchol
team, taking the nverngo of the two
distances. At the 100 yards rango
Mlchol secured n. lend of threo points
but-at 20 yards Corbin skinned them
by 22 points. , Hugli Bell scored n
win was top scorer at. 200 yards with
possible at 100 yards ond Dr. Glad*
30. Tho shooting nil ovor was extremely good, and the Michel men are
to bo congratulated on the splendid
stand, thoy mndo ngninst the Corbin
cracks.
A football match was played on Sun
day botwoon tho married men and tho
"ought to bo's" which roBiilted ln favor of the single men by 6 goals to 3.
Tho spectators wore highly nmiisod at
11,0 frantic of forts of somo of tho players to play tlio gamo, but thon wo enn't
nil bo born rootbnllors. A replay
-will take placo this week-end at tlio
special request of tho~mariiod mon,
who oxpoct tb win, Wo don't think.
Miss Qlndys Parklilll has gone, to
Portland to stay with lier frlonds. SI10
will bo missed In Coibln by a wide
circle of woll-wlsliorH.
Howard Smltb Ik sp'-mllng bis holidays with us lu Corbin. Ho will, 110
doubt, bo an iiciululiloii to tho All
Amorlcnn Himobnll Tonm, coming ns
he docs fresh from srtiool piactlco—
"Maybe!"     „
Wo nro forming a.rlflo association
horo under lho auspices of the government.    Como away, everybody who
wants to bo n uoldlor of somo kind,
What's tbo matter with the second
w,t...__,4_M.M<(.,»-.       Ut       |.« V.tAttJtt* 1    Lii*        i__J__
of tho Comont Co., Is also *h**trt nf ronl I ntrUtc-rr, In rorW-n"    Thr-y nre- nc-ni J.--*
tMough It does not need as much ns n week overdue nlrondy. nnd nobfil'y
seems to know why.
, ,','HAVE A-.GLASS'
"It will do you good, and besides it
isn't always 'j-ou're Invited to test a
superior brand like this,' *
There's no gainsaying but what the
SUPERIOR,WINE
sold -liere is,, a genuine builder up of
-.    . ,\  *■   •
the system.   Claret punches or sherry
cobblers made from* wine sold here are
simply irresistable.- 'For- all 'kinds of
■•.Vine buy from, us. -,. "
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY'
..BRING COAL F.ROM THE EA8T
Industries Around .Calgary Af/eotetJ
by the Cosi Strike .
CALaARY—So sortous has tho short
age of conl, causod by lhe Crow's Nest
strike now become that Bomo Albortn
Industries nro forced (o Import fuol
from Pennsylvania. In ordor to avoid
a tie-up of Its entire plant tho WoHtorn
Canada Cement Co,, of Bxnhaw, Is
bringing In 4,500 tons or Pennsylvania
conl, Tho freight of this coal alono
will cost tho company In tho neighbor*
hod  Ot  lf>fi'0nn     Thn   r»«.1i»..r-*»   ■h-T.n'r*.■"•■h
during the last-.twenty-five years Uni**
been greatly retarded.by the fact'th'at
different1" governments' have ado*aiied a
policy* of caring for their own public
charges.   *  7""   .      • *" *'     '       *; '* "
Previous to 1900 there was a great
wave. of private' charity * which , had
been gradually sweeping - over the
world, arid immense • institutions had
been provided from private sources,
not ."only for the care of adults but
for the care of destitute and orphan
children.
During the past ten years many of
theso institutions have.been nbandon-
ed'as outlets''of private philanthropy,
and the work hns beon absorbed In
llio public policy of tlie state or government. -    *  •*
Tills condition applies particularly to
work among destitute or negloctod
chlldron; arid there Is not n stato In
tho union, nnd posnlbly not 0116 provlnco ln tho Dominion, wherein spoclnl
provision has not boon, made "for the
caro of chlldron who are liable to grow
up to bo'charges on tlio community
through lack of propor training and
through neglect or cruelty of parent.*-:.
The number of destitute children
who lmvo beon dealt with on tho American continent during the past yoar
Is something appalling, ' Tlio,Delineator alone, found lio'mon for ovur
2,000' homeloBB or neglected chlldron.
Tho Now York Juvonllo Asylum pine-
ed about L.'OO ln fostor-homes ln tho
Western Simon, Tlio Chicago Child-
roll's Aid Society denlt with about
7,000 ensos of neglected children In 1lio
Inst yonr of Ub history, and tlio Provlnco of Albertn, with its population
of about 1)00,000 has beon compelled
to donl with nbout 200 casos of absolute neglect, and possibly flvo to six
hundrod cosos of delinquency, during
llio past yonr,
Xo matter how direful tlio preparation of n case, thoro Is always (lie
ilnngor of nn Injiistlro being done
citlicr to the child or to Its homo.
Cnrolossness on the imrt of an Invos*
'.Isntor mny bring In a report dotrl*
mental to the homo, which, hnd the
Fernie, B. C.
CONCRETEBLOCK
COTTAGES
• Chimney   Blocks
, 4' in. SEWER PIPES'     ,
GENERAL' CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Prices
■*"• r. . i*-
W.   .    M.     DICKEN.     ,
How About that Drain?
i ■
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
/ and?' V
'    >"      *     -     ^
EMBALMER
Coleman
,t', '.     *       Y        -:"
I N G E R
E W INC.
MACHINE   CO
WM.     BARTON
Aerent   Fcrnic    Branch
P£Sla.tf   Ave.    Nortli
When You Wt-
.,* printing,-, yoa- *
"".,w-intj;ood printing.   Thftt's tho kind -tn do, and' ut- tbe ■
right prices.   * Ui-'fliihn.hom'i printer the*
samo cliaricd"you,wo.'.'d -tok for-thn horn*
rnorchftnt—trada nt homii.
r -.
s
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
Grand Theatre. Fernie
DANUH WORKER* RUN
THEIR OWN BREWERY
f K
COPRXFTAQEM, D'jnmarfc—Worltwo
In thlt city oporato their ow_ bww-
ory, the 3tar, Loa*. ynu, buulikit
rowiy thousands of barrels, 3,(89,000
bottle* of t*«r were brewed snd disposed of. SfltinJists nnd trsdff unionists are pledged to nsk for tbo prod-art
of tb* IntrtrMf *l \he c^ifooi, rnUni-
rnntw''nnd nt rhntr -_fcbratf*m_ ami
picnics.
tho BxshHW plnnt on account of tho
fact (hat ll, has electric power. For
IU Immodlnto use this rompnny Is lm*
portln.**- tltton hnwlri*-*t. in-nn nf rtxni
trom I'mnsylranlA, tho bituminous
kind, tbe freight on which will amount
to |5 or $8 per ton.
BELLEVUE - JULY 1st
If you are wondering where to spend
j July Ut, take a* !..(■ to ..riH'-vv-n nml
Iiato tho tlm* of yonr life. Tho boys
down Dm*> ttr-tf d-nti.rmlned to wipe out
tho defeat thoy suffered rwently at
tbo bands (and f_■**<*. of Cosi Cr<*k
and aa tho woarors of the red and
whito aro win sily strong In tho belli, of llirfr ability fo retain tho l*ur*U
Eii'n"(f, a ruiil-I tht* nam. U u ii*.
ttlnty.
COLEMAN NOTES BY 22
X
A very quiet w<>d<llng was cttlebrnt-
ed whVn tho Rev. Murray performed
the ceremony that changed Harry Hoi-
im>s nnrt Tli-lhi Mc-t'lmnl to Mr. and >lrs
Holm****.
home l««n properly ln\»-stlBato.l,
would never hny-e been presented. On
llio other hand, n report mny l» pro-
son (•Nl which would koop a child In a
homo whoro It Is exposed to tlio most
Immoral and frightful conditions, Por
(lint renson   It takes    great deal  of
,1 ,. 1  -1   1 * •     ,1 «
.......   ..   $>..—.    «_l_**   V.    (/N.tiubl,   tmtiu   **
fn*',*it (Vnl of fnith to -n. rcimjil-li-l-t th'-
.id lifld In vlow when a' case of child
uck'lct is lirought into the courts of
the lnnd.
H sometimes becomes nocesiinry to
■H'lfftV     '.     f*\*ir.    ff\f    IC-nCtl-'i-i    %\f tmifx    Inl  Iim
any action, In order (hat the l>cpsft<
merit may «*> satisfied thnt an Injustice is not being done either (0 the
parents or to Iho child.
The object which hns to be constant*
ly before the eyes of the Department .«
thc fim tlmt evory child lo 8 futuioj
ctilrw,, nnd that the responsibility for |
tu future lt-o. largely in the bsnd* of |
Fernie's Popular Play House
A High Class Program of
Pictures Tonight
Hsrry. who is well known In football
circles, tK|Io niilto a march on hit!the Department; and If nn Injustlcoj
frii-nd."". t< r *!'. -r«n*t:h they,had bf<-<n «•-«-, t* done i .U.f-r 10 the -child or It* bom**, j
pectin*, tl _ ovc-it as a futuro- {-rob-*--!-* «*r!f>u* Impetllmenl bee bt^n pl-iretlj
lillli)'. they were not prepared for it' In the road to the goal of cltUem-l-ip 1
no *o<. . an! fr.'fr.-fiei! to have a f.oodi ripon wt.lrh every child haa a right toj
Umi-. irs^el wuh ne MD* inxerltrretteo a* p*******|
IVlla *» llkewlso highly oateomeri.islble.
Prices
10 & 15c
j
The Ledger (er your Job Work ;•_:---
¥*5&9 ...
PAGE SIS
THE; DISTItidT LKPaEB, PEE_ntE,  B. 0.,! JULY l/l911.
lExplosiflii ft     ~  - ^   j
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"•In - this ,weeli_'s ' issue' 'we conclude
. for the time being our account of the
_'* remarkable -series of experiments on
'_. the explosibility of coal dust at present beinf carried out in this,country
- and abroad.'   We need not stop here
■  to comment upon the pressing nature'
of the questions involved, or the' importance of, the results already established.     During the past year alone
this country had at least two great
"occasions to' recognize the deadly nature of coal dust;in mines.*    Both the
Whitehaven and the Pretoria Pit dis
asters  were,  there is  strong reason
.   for believing, largely due to this hlth'
erto not fully recognized source    of
'danger.     Abroad the lesson lias been
equally painfully taught.     The Com*
rleres disaster in France in 190C, the
appalling series of explosions In the
United States In 1907, and fothers al
most too numerous to  mention, are
now acknowledged as,due almost entirely to the agency of coal dust.   The
curious, though fortunately non-fatal
disaster which,overtook an Australian
mine, as reported in this issue, "serves
most fitly as an Illustration   of -the
terrific forces   lying   latent   In "the
dust of every -mine roadway and pal-
lery.     When we remember, that ac
cumulations of dust which if raised
in the air as    cloud would represent
a! mean density ,of one ounce.por cubic foot of air space are by no means
uncommon, and when we reflect that
the demonstration explosions ' in ■ the
experimental galleries have been produced with a dust density rarely more
„ than half this amount, ,we must realize that, many explosions' in the past
which  have  been attributed  to  the
agency of fire-damp,    should „   more
rightly have been laid to the credit
of the dust.   , Indeed, there is strong
reason   to   believe   that   every fire-
. dami) explosion becomes; as it goes
along,  a dust explosion.  :   '
When studying this question of
the explosibility of coal dust, we are
from the first struck by- its complexity.
"The very,term explosibility gives rise
to conflicting thoughts. What exactly
is meant by it and what is the true
measures , We^may define an explosion as the sudden expansion or
generation of a vapor accompanied by
the liberation bf a .large amount .** of
energy in.the shape,of pressure >nd
heat.-'- Bu^'"in*" practice -we cannot
utilize these features in order'to arrive at an ^estimate"- of the , explosi-
biliy of a given- dust. *  In the first
"^la^^liTlimeTMnglwEicirTlie'lTb^
eratlon of energy lasts is immeasurably short. The pressure developed
too, rises very suddenly to a maxi-'
mum value, so that If is almost impossible to get\ rid of inertia effects
, in any pressure recording device
which may be designed. "Thirdly',
to measure the heat produced excepting in pases where the experiments
are carried out on a very small scale,
1 is quite out of the question. At
Altofts even the measurement of tem-
. perature during an explosion has been
n found to be attained with tho great-
case. But -with,coal dust such limits;
for all practical'purposes of a* preventive nature; may-.be said to„be nonexistent, .The deposits of dust in an
average" mine roadway or. gallery are
well above "the very faintly'indicated
lower limit;- while the equally doubtful upper-limit is far above what
would be tolerable. t • Two questions
may be put before we pass on to consider the results of the experiments so
far undertaken with a view to discovering means -for preventing dust
explosions. In the first place what
causes * dust, and what, In ordinary
practice, may be regarded as likely
sources leading to its explosion? „It
is obviously impossible to" cut' coal
without the production-' of dust of
some sort. But there can be * no
doubt that certain methods of coal
cutting and handling are productive
of more dust than'others. In giving
evidence at the Inquest on the Pretoria Pit disaster, Sir Henry Hall, Inspector of Mines, agreed with the representative of the Miners' Federation that modern co*tl cutting machinery and coal conveyors were responsible for' more dust than the older
hand cutting. This opinion is strengthened by certain figures arrived at
iri America as the result of experiment. It was found that, the quantity
of cuttings which would pass through
a '40 mesh sieve was .408 per cent.
of the total coal cut when the ordin-
hand process was used. With the
chain cutting machine' the figure obtained was .494'. per cent., and with
the air punching machine as - much
as -1.25 per cent.'/, It Is thus* apparent that the very methods adopted to. obviate the use, of explosives
are themselves ' responsible for an
Increase In danger in' another sense.*
With regard to the causes leading to
a dust explosion, It is te be remembered that a blown-out shot is not
the only possible source of danger.
The blown-out shot may either lead to
an explosion through the ignition of
the dust directly or through the prior
ignition of an accumulation of' firedamp. But although' these two .methods'have almost'exclusively been
simulated in the,experimental galleries, it has been conclusively proved,
that a naked flame such as that of a
match or unprotected lamp can, if, the
conditions are suitable, give rise'to* an
explosion. " This-being so there must
arise in. the mind of every one .who
studies this question a strong'doubt
as to the suitability of .the ordinary
Davy type of safety' lamp. -J Such a
lamp undoubtedly protects^th'e- miner
from a fire-damp explosion, but is it
likely to-be equally effective with coal
dust? , Both Sir'Henry Hall and Professor Cadman attribute the Pretoria
Pit explosion to the effect of fine particles -of dust penetrating the gauze
of a safety lamp. It is clear that direct experiments on this point are urgently required.
, AH tlio methods so far advocated for
decreasing the risks attendant upon
the presence of coal dust In.our mines
can be divided Into two classes, In
one we have the suppression of pro-
ost difficulties. -  Hence, wo cannot jpngntion aimed at, In the other the pre-
which ignition is impossible is no. safeguard against'an explosion being propagated through thatt zone. "Hence,
once let the means adopted to" prevent
ignition fail somewhere, and the whole
mine is as dangerous as if no precautions had' been taken. Some combination of the two processes then is
probably' desirable) and no doubt*possible. Reviewing all the experiments
so far made in this country *. and
abroad, we-find "that under the head
ii.'g~.of -Kear*s for prevent"-ng'_gii1ti-i.i
we* have really only two proe'■••■■sos.
.Both work in the same way. Boca
involve the dilution-of. coal dust with
some inert material. * In one' case
the diluent is water; in the other slate
or stone dust., The first Is, of course,
common practice in all mines where
shot, firing is employed, but lt presents
the great drawback that „ itrf effects
soon pass off with the evaporation of
the water, it may be possible, however, to bring this method into better
repute by adding some deliquescent
material, such as magnesium.chloride,
to the water before it is sprayed on to
the wallls. With'regard to the use of
inert dust-as the diluent', the French
and British experiments show that a
mixture of 40 per cent of stone or slate
dust with 60. per'* cent of "coal-dust
cannot be ignited by ordinary means,
although such a. mixture will propagate an explosion, started elsewhere,
At Altofts colliery a trial application
of stone dust has recently been made.
It ls found that it is .'sufficiently merely to-throw the stone dust in handfuls
against the gallery .walls and roofs.
It clings on to the ledges, fills up the
Interstices'and the surplus falls on the
floor,--covering'up the coal* dust deposits always to be found there. "A
waU after treatment is said to present
the appearance of having'been'whitewashed. t It has been found that the
cost of this simple treatment works
out at-about 1.85d. per yard run, or
about one-eight of a, penny per ton of
coal raised. The 'dressing would have
to be .renewed twice a year. One
point must *not escape attentio-i in
connection,with this method.' If,'according to Dr. J. S. Haldane, of Oxford,, the 'dust employed is-obtained
from hard stone containing silica, the
means adopted to prevent loss of life
by explosion may result ln an even
greater loss of life from lung, trouble.
Dust froni.soft, stone, such as shale,
Is alone suitable. * Among .the means
proposed _o suppress propagation the
processes-employed at Lievin must
wmmand_the_giieatestJ_ttention	
**=     ■ -_ / >v _      --1 ■---■-
.   -, .£ ,-[y:^
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-" "   ~".*>,  ^"-"-„■-    ~"'*{],'   Y, \       {   ■ *    "■'   ^"\"-"^ *l^\ .:■■.'.V'"' ** *'i'''"*tyi { ^-'.'7** <"' '  ' H - ' "',  -^Ti   '"-^      'r   ,-" '    "*       <-f " V
W^j,.:$
Y YY~l
expect, great nccuracy In any estimate of. the' relative' explosibility of
different "dusts. But after all, the
mensuro of explosibility Is not of
great Importance, Whether one dust
is more dangerous than another ls of
no great consequence,' The point
to bo kept ln view Is that all aro'dangerous, so that If » measure Is really
required we may safely trust our general senses for a rough relative ostlmato or ndopt. somo such crude devices ns the ojected tub, or tho blowing out of the relief valves, which
havo booiv found so sorvlcenblo at
Altofts. Sotting aside this question,
wo havo next to notico that all our
preconceived IdeaB based on the apparently annlnugoiiH case of n gnB-
ooub oxploslon must bo discarded
whon wo nro dealing with coal dust.
Wo know, for instance, that there aro
uppor and lower limits for the com-
position of a gaseous mixture botween
wliucli an explosion is possible, and
wo know what tlione limits aro In each
zone jtf pare stone dust can most completely stop the course of an explosion
but such a zone cannot be prepared in
a mine. We cannot, in practice hope
to approach nearer to It than a mix-
ure containing 75 per "cent of inert
dust.' Such' a mixture has Ijeen shown
to be Incapable of stopping an* explosion once started. Neither can we
rely on a cleared zone; for even supposing that we could completely remove the. dust from a certain length-
of roadway, aind ■ preserve It In this
state there' ls great doubt whether
such a zone would be a sufficient ban*-
ler to prevent* th© advancing, flame
vention   of ■ Ignition.     Now, roughly| from leaping* across lt.     Thc Lie. In
speaking, It Is easier to prevent Ignition than to suppress propagation. To
prevent ignition wo have merely to
adopt some moans to hold the oxygen
of the air and the hydrogen and carbon
of th© coal apnrt. To suppress propagation we have, of course, to do the
same thing; but wo. have now to do lt
uml*5r very dlff©i*_it conditions, For
tho fllr waves'preceding the flnmo of
tho advancing explosion havo stlrrod
up tho dust and created an explosive
mixture, and so have brought tho carbon -and tho hydrogon nnd tho oxygen Into much more Intimate contact
than when the dust was lying qulejly
on tho ground, This fact makes lt
doubly evident thnt It' Is bettor lo
adopt means that will proven-t tho Initiation of, an oxploslon than only
means thnt will arrest it. But, to bo
really offoctlvo, wo must mnko lt Im*
possible for Ignition to tnke plnco anywhere In a mme. Wo know from
tho Lievin experiments that n zone In
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
Remington
in perfected form, thc best typewriter ideas by
whomsoever advanced.
For onr latct manltalallon ot IhU policy, inspect thc
new Viable Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and .11, which
embody every desirable feature cxtant-PLUS an .Adding
awlSitbtmcUngMcchamsm whicli constitutes an innovation.
The voice that cried io the wilderness 30 years ago:,
____Wr_SS§*S8**fe-. "^ou coniiot afford to write in the"
old way;" now acclaims with equal
ponviction: "You cannot afford to
calculate in the old way,"
Remington Typewriter Company
lla&rporeled) *
818 Pender Street
Vnncouvor, B. 0.
methods seem thoroughly practical
and",8houId bo inexpensive of installation. >' They depend upon the forco
of tho air wives preceding the explosion, and Involve , tho upsetting of
troughs containing Water, or the scat-
bring of inert dust over a length of
40 yards of the roadway. Some un-
certainty, however, may be folt with
regard to their action" In tho caso df a
woa« oxploslon, tho air waves from
which might not possess sufficient
power to bring the baffle Into action.
Taking ovory thing Into consideration,
we must admit'then that while, the
work done on this quostion of tho explosibility of coal dust to, most prnlso,
worthy and tho results so far ostftb-
Ilshod of tho greatest Importance, tho
Investigations cannot yot be regarded
as oven approaching completion. Somo
monns which will both provont Ignition and fliippi*e»« propagation will
havo to ho sought, so tlmt nil posslblo
conditions of dlsaator' may he guarded
ngalnst, nnd the safety of our mines
Placed on a sound, practical and scientific basis.—The Engineer, London,
England,
CORPORATION LAWYER'S (SAME
"I caro not who -writes tho laws of
a nation If I wrlto dolnys,"
'"A Judge Is a lawyor who has boon
promoted for efficiency."
"No gront Inwyer over thinks of
going Into court In theso days, A mnn
who renlly tinilerBtnnds tho meaning
arid usoh of tho law Is ns much bored
by nrgulng a ciiho beforo tho ordlnnry
Judgo nn Pndorewskl would be . by
teaching tho five-finger exercise to n
lil.u kMmith." v
'A tnwyer's first business with tho
law Im to find tin. hole In it. Ills sec-
G.idliUhiiK'BS tb to remember whuro he
found it. Ilia third I*uhIiu.h la to pull
uomehody through It."
"A business lawyer should rcfloct
thnt organization Is but the nefeatnry
first step toward reorganization."
"When nn onlerprUlnfc man comet
to mo for nilvlco, I toll him whnt, ho
can do with safety, whnt he cnn do
with risk, nnd what ho can do with
danger. If he Is ihe right kind of
man he doci th* d»n-Ker*o«* thing—
and comes to 'me agaln."—From "tn
the laterpretM's Hoa**™ In The AmmI-
ran Msg-ulne.
More ** roiro \y more of 7 the back-
breaking' forward - bend ''at'/the, hips;
gloom; labyrlhthal turnings;.-the "same
monotonous;plodding that '"'becomes
mental as well: as muscular—more, of
I he miner's mine.. ' And then we conic
to ,a sign, plainly ..lettered,7-"Bf.yond
here, no open,.lights allowed," 7, A
. "Gas?" I asked. , - -.■'■'.■ 'A-
'"Mstybe.^ ,'' .
-There,-came-,upon me a"tenseness
a mental sharpness that had not been
there before—as though I had 'drawn
from its "scabbard a* keen polished
blade. I walked with a new step,
alert, tp repel* an . adversary" who
might leap upohv me" ih the dark,
was the' animal Instinct to sniff,
to get the scent of the danger. - ,'
"You cant smell It nor _taste it;
watch the*, flame of the lamp—if It
draws up toward the top there is gas,"
r watched It narrowly; there'was not
a quiver; it burned with an unwavering, confident air, * "' " .
. It was all noe lon, straight, unbroken-tunnel now, but ° downward,' al.
ways downward.-We heard the "steady
tap-tapping of a, pick, and we hurried
unconsciously; as though" to see something new and strange... There was
the same pale,fog,of light, the,same
tiny yellow point of flame," and there
was one man, patiently chipping away
at the face of the coal? ~' This, than,
was the outpost; here "was "farthest
north." With each ' pick-stroke we
were advancing into the untried earth
—strange country,' in, which we felt
the hearer presence of God.
. Small hissings came from here arid
there within-the walls. .-1 have read
in some books of snakes in the bottom of an old "well hissing warnings
to one'another,<!of the,presence of an
intruder— it was "like that, as though
preparing to strike. And yet there
was ho gas in.the mine; I ceaselessly
watched the lamp flame! no change.
After a time the man laid down
his pick and began drilling with one
of the longaugers; after he had drilled in two -or" three feet he began to
whistle through his teeth—tunelessly.
I thought, i yj'.
"There's  gas,';  the  guide  laughed,
"and water.''' J'„ *,.
I think I wondered if we would
not all run";* I_ wished we would. .'A*
trickle of water'/oozed out around the
drill and" ran; down over the face of
the coal, the. miner began to .fret
in his soft native tongue—he was
annoyed,-angry, not at all afraid; his
■work—was-*beirig7jnterfered-with7T£af
was all. He pushed harder against
the drill, 'and_^grunted louder and louder, grinding fast at the handle to get
the,task over with. -When he withdrew the tool a little "stream of water
gushed out and splashed down on the
floor; the gas bubbled and hissed. I
thought of subWranean rivers that
flooded whole. mines, of pockets of
gas that roared unexpectedly from
Just such tiny beginnings as this augur hole." The water was a mere
spurt, the gas died down to a faint
wheezing." We watched the mari
place tho sliot and tamp It In. watched him uncoil and,lay his battery wire
down the track to an old car behind
which, we crouched with him while he
exploded the chargo by an electric
spark. Then we1 all ran forward,
watching the lamps narrowly. • They
burned as before, except where ln
some of the shallow cnvjtles of the
unevon roof, sufficient gas had' collected to bring to tho tip of the flame
a small, translucent*blue cap. If tho
flame drew up and ended ln a twisting
ribbon of blue smoke-like gas, thon
wo would have to leavo—that would
Indlcato an explosive amount of firedamp—two or threo por cent—I was
told.
"To get lt out? Brattice it, Mako
a long partition of brattice cloth—
tjilck canvas—a fow feet from thb
wall; tho good nlr flowing In tho wid-
wnll j tho good nlr flowing In tho wido
hallway forces tho gas out between the
wnll nnd tho brattice, diffuses tho
gas ,lnto. the purer nlr—cleanses tho
mlno quickly.'
It mado It nil soem commonplace,
easy—I had wanted '•" to -J. come .away
feeling that I had,lookedfdeath-in.the
eye; I had only/seen^.mls'chievous
boy attempting, to, interfere^with .the'
work of "grown men.-pW;vG^BeVmer
in*, Harper's  Magazine. "^^'„ . '•']■' r
' ■   _    A. ■*>    (■*"-  l'*
■"..-. * ,---_-._       ,.rT^„, ',
..      ,   ..,   HEALTH ACT      ,*'"*-'7
\-
Regulations for the'Sanitary'.^Control
... of Lumber, Mining -and Other.Camps
...Sawmills and -other-.Industries Situated in Unorganized Districts.
*   -.j if- -,.,..._
|'l. Every employer of. laWon.' any
wqrkjn any. lumbering; 'mining'" construction, or other camp,* sawmill,* or
other industry situated in^any portion
of an unorganized district; shall, upon
the establishment, of .each and every
camp . or work" forthwith' notify, the
Sanitary Inspector of the Province of
the establishment' of the same, * and
when requested to" do' so shall,'furnish
such particulars as may be required by
the said Inspector. ,:."* ,'    ,
2.' The owner, manager, agent * or
foreman of any lumber, ? mining, or
other camp, sawmill 6r other industry
located within" an-unorganized district
shall, in connection with every such
Industry or works, be responsible'for
the execution'and enforcement,.of-any
regulation herein, contained or hereafter t to .be adopted.
3. If In the opinion of'the'Sanitary
Inspector the site of; any' camp or
works is unhealthy or insanitary, he
may order the removal of such camp
or works to some, other slte-to be'sel*
ected' by him. ? ?, ' ' ':,'
4.i Any( house; -tent, or- dwelling' oc*
cupied'.by'the employees engaged in
any Industry located within; an unorganized district shallcontain sufficient
cubic feet of air "space for every occu
pant thereof as may-lh each instance
be deemed necessary by .the"Sanitary
Inspector, and shall further be provided with efficient means of ventilation,
The-floor of-every^ dwelling shall be
constructed of boards or planks or'oth-
er.'.materiall equally suitable,"for tne
purpose, raised on supports at least
one. foot from the ground, and so made
that"It shall-be tight. Every" dwelling
other, than a temporary*tent shall be"
'lighted by .windows, so constructed
that they can be opened when necessary;- .   "- .   ■_ 7 - 7   ' .*■
.5. The .method ** of* ventilation, of
every dwelling in which a stove or furnace is used shall be' such as., will satisfy; the. Sanitary Inspector.', The
temperature of'the room shall be main
Tainea3arfrom760~tq"65"degr*eeO'ahiiv
and r.'shallow^pan-supplied with water- shall be kept pn the stove to supp-
ly.-.air; moisture. *'"*.-
C, Every camp or works of every industry coming'under these regulations
shall'be equipped with a wash-housb or
laundry containing a stove and tubs
for, bathing purposes. '
. 1 Every camp or works shall be supplied with a building or tent-properly
constructed and set apart-'as-a kitchen;*
and having a dining room In connection therewith, with proper conveniences for the'cleanliness and1 comfort of
the employees. ■   ■       ',     ,
8#Prcper receptacles must be kept
on hand Into .which' all refuse, whothor
Ihiiii*.- f>r„soIld, must be* placed, und
such refuse must be regularly' des*
t'oyod by fire'or removed to a sate
distance from any'bujldlng and "so' deposited ns not to create a nuisance or
contaminate the drinking water.
0. Latrines earth', or other closet's
must bo located/constructed and maintained in a manner satisfactory to tho
said Sanitary Inspector, ' '
,10. Stnblos In,connection with any
camp or works must bo locatod as not
to-contaminate tho water supply, nnd
must not be less than 125 foot distant
from any dwelling or kitchen.. Tho
distance mny bo Increased at tho discretion of the Sanitary Inspector,
11. Tho wator supply of any camp or
works must be uncontnmlnatod and
obtained from a source satisfactory, to
tho Sanitary Inspector. ,.
12. Printed copies1 of Uiobo regulations may be obtained from the Sanitary Inspector,,
■ 13. Should the   Sanitary   Inspector
DR. WRIGLE8W0RTH, D-p;\8.   ;.
"•-"-   ■■-• /OENiristA '"VC- '**\-
.- -      .," :v. \-* .* :--■*-.   -.v'r ,*<. ■-','. .
--.■   -      -ry-y " _ v ^-'-.:.••:.
,    Offlr«3: Johnson-Faulkner Blocls."**-. *
Hours 9-12f 1-6; "t._ ~i&:**\,, ,-v .,„ Phono'.72
;ernie
_i"*J **.- v>;"';
--s"\.-;_: .
* __ *** *. *
-  DR^.J-r-BARBER, bENTlST;
'■•-  '"■',  ' V:    :"'  -i. •."*?".■ .J''- .
• Office Henderson Block, Fernie" B.O.
■%■%;! '■:.'-■  ■-.>' -.*-'"     -_-*>-•.,.
•*•-■ Hours 9 to-l; 2 toT5j' 6to'877'
v . ,* Residence 21 y_"otoria5-Ave_-'7*7
W. R. Ross K. C.'
,W; S. Lane
ROSS,  MACDONALD and   LANE*
V--5 Barristers'arid Solicitors    •:-
Fernie,1 B_, C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein*
D. E,, McTaggart
* ECKSTEIN d. McTAGGART
Cox Street
Fernld B. C.
F. „C Lawe v      . .       Alex; I. Fisher
"LAWE & FISHER-
'. "-.   '""'   * ATTORNEYS :".,*:.".   ' '•;.
- * Fernie. B. C.        - .
v.
IflElFERNffi
*,--■-.   _,.«., -- - *";«   . ..-. . ?- -.-.    ■
*-*".*'._. •■*'.''-*- ■,'/::-,-•",-". •. rrrx .
A." McDougaUr Mgp
■■A1'
Manufacturers of and Deal- ^
y:.y-y^y.{y ■  ^YyY
.ers in all kinds of Rough'y
'■{; and Dressed Lumber   'r
, ^^^^^^^^^^^"""^^^^n^mm^^ma^aa^aaaa^ ^v
;v-'   ■'   : *.*. :-..: --7>
Send us your; orders
-*. •*, ■**-* -.1
- *.*'*> ,*■
-i-y^y   v
". •' 1     .   ~
• J^-'~   *"\ \
■-»>-'*'•'; *,
' _.  3 ■* -**".' -
■ry,
':M
i
FRESH  MILK
delivered   ,tox all,
•; *'*-', ''''i ■-'*-*■ ***   „**, ,'**"
parts of the town:
Sanders* Verhaest' Brothers.
1 -        ** / "*      i .
,   *, Proprietors'-*";
i
find that any of these regulations are,
not complied with, he may,"whore nee,*.
essary.L takefsteps ' to enforce them,
arid the~expense' of such, action shall
be paid by the employer or his agent.
. 14."vThe penalties contained and p'ro-
videdin, section 97' of the' "Health Ac*'.
shall apply _6 the .violations of any of
these'regiiliitions. ';•- *'",.> : -rj,j /,-
; 15rThe Sanitary .-Inspector; ,*may;'
where deemed necessary.'obtain.* the
services of any„Provincial constable or
con8»aui€S"t07asslst"hlni""in"*theip-3rformr
ance':of' his ^duties and to aid in'the
enforcement ofCthese'regulations."'
,'   * ,   V     ByOrder.      '   J,      >'
..      v    y l:.t. davis,-_.d.; '-.
7   *       .Sanlta'ry'Inspector,
7  !   Victoria    ,
i-:
ji0m
FE2.N2E
Bar Unexcelled
AH White Help
Everything'.,
Up-to-date "''..
Call jh. arid
see usancec
,:; \JOPS; P0DBIELANCIK, Prop.
THE democracy
:    ',.."' ,-of
PLUTOCRACY.
Death Toll of the
.'* -
White Slave Traffic
Thoro nro .100,000 women In tho
ranks of tlio Vhlto slnvo nrmy of
Amorlcn, says Tho Progronilvo Woman.
The nvorngo of tho whito ulnvo Is
flvo years. This necoMltntos tho cn
rollnient of 00,000 now rccrullw ovevy
yenr, .',000 each month,
Counting ono whito slnvo from a
financial loss, Why, then, doen socloty endorse lt, support lt, pormlt lt
to grow and flourish In our midst?
It Is ono of the Inoxpllcnblo mys-
torlos. Perhaps when wo are wlso wo
will abolish this eating cancer, nnd
povorty and profits, which aro Its
combo, Porhaps wlion wo aro wlso
wo will wonder how wo ovor nllowod
Mtitiii. nui ioi   <n<u  iiiibi'fyi cm*, running horo witli Its nwful stench
_u_fl._J,       t.
In fif-tvin Awi-.-Ji.g_j 'mim:- vud. yvm:
It mritn-M n dent), roll that would do
JiiHtleo to nn army flRhtlnn: lii tho
tretK-hos, it moans tho sprr-nd of dis-
onna, i-lnuing n still wider donth roll,
. ., a      , I    . , '   , ,      . t »
(     ' -      • '       -       _>ti!*'.b»'-_**.•**     ^MmI,      I.LL1.     Kt,LL-
torn to the remote r*a*ihot of society.
The cost of tho white slavo nrmy
runs nlto tho millions of dollara ench
year. Sw-iely pays this cost. Yot It
is an army organized on an economic
bnHlH, for tho iAko of making money!
Tho women In It munt live; tho human vn*ltiir_ m alio tiwil from Its iNirn-
Inrs art- In It for the sske of Its profits, Hut it doemt return vnluo ro-
cHif. to -.otieiy. It returns nothing to ticiflHy but dUease, death «.ud
lo Sc.Uf ( uiu. t.<nvad fii our Illlli-H,
\\'o will laugh with scorn at,our poor
little notions of "•janltatlon" which
made us dust n little horo nnd thoro
around tho edge, of things only. Por-
uaj.a i»i« *i,,,i i,*j)i*av.t rii \nb iKtionince
ml stupidity of rnolhera who woro
"too nice" to tell thoir tender-fleshed
sons and daughters of tho dnngern that
awaited them In certain broken.laws.
Porhnps we will open our eyes In
utter smaiemont nt nil our donnl'y
when wo are wlso—monnwhllo, profits
and rtovorty nnd the whito ulnvo nrmy
grows npnee.
Maybe thore will be a jar some .liy
that will arouse us out of our slum*
ber».--The Public. '
(From the World, Oakland,, Cal.)
What's the" Constitution' between
friends?—.Timothy Campbell,, of 'Tam-
many Hall. ,*- ■ 7 ' , <    * .' •   "•
Tho people are npt. the source of
power—Encyclical, Pope Plus IX.' - -
Tqi hell with tho people, . What do
I enre for'the people?—Governor
Gooding, Idaho. ■   ., ,'      ',
Tho Catholic Church" and the courts
are the bulwarks botween the. mob
and property.—Mark Haiinn,   ■ y, ■
Habeas corpus be damned, we -will
glvo them' post-mortem.! Instead.—Adjutant General Sherman Boll, of Colorado mllltln, *  ■     _     ,
Tho damn* fools don't-know what Is
good for them.—,* Plerpont Morgan,
speaking of tho striking steel workers
In September, 1010.
■ Tho Supromo-Court stands next to
divine authority af the rulo, of Justlco
and right—J. Plerpont Morgan's per-
sonnl newspaper, Tho Sun.
Men who, object to what thoy term
"govornment by Injunction" aro not In
sympathy with men of good minds
and good civic morality.—Thoordoro
Roosevelt.
Tho club Is mlghtor than tho Con
stltiitlon.—Inspector Hchmlttbergor of
tlio Now York polico, forco, in tho
polico riot In Union Squaro on March
28,' 1008. '    >.
I acknowledge no civil powor, I
clnlm td bo supromo Judgo nnd dlroc*
tor of tho consciences of men. I am
solo, Inst Hiipromo pud go of what Is
right nnd whnt Is wrong.—Cardinal
.Manning,
In n Republican, district, I iim n
Hopnbllcnn; In a nemocrtlc' district,
a Domorrnt; In a doubtful district, I
nm doubtful, nut first, last and all
tho tlmo, I nm for tho Erlo Rnllrond.
—.lay Oould, * ,    »
Tho rights and Intorosts of tlio In*
borlrlg.man will bo protoctod and cared for, not hy labor agitators, but
by tho Christian men to whom God, in
FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie . Lending Commercial
"and Tom*i8t House' •'
S.ft WALLACE, Prop.
livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys Horses "ofi Commlslon
George Barton   . Phone 78
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Llxard Local General Teamsters No.
141,   Moots ovory Friday night nt
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hall,   W-
A Worthlngton,, ProBldont;   E, J, ,
Good, Socrotary.
Bartemtori-1 Local No. 814: Meets 2ml
and 4th Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Secretary ,1. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W, A.
Moots 2nd nnd 4lh Thursday Minor*
Union hall.    j). Uees, ao-.
Typographical Union No. D35-** Moots.
Inst Saturday In each month nt the
Ledgor Offlco. A. J, Buckley, Soo-
rotary.        •      " ,
Loeal Pernie No, 17 8,i P. of C. Moots.
i« ",,,:", ,       ° Wn°m UM',n     ,n Mlnor« Unlon Ha I evory Sunday*
His Infinite wisdom, gave control of-  n> 1 **. nnx rn,.-^y.,^i;!,^lfP..."    J
tho property of* tho country—Goorge
Al, tiuer, nilno owner,   .
Tho right of property rosto not upon
philosophical or scientific speculation
or upon tho commendnblo Impulses of
benevoleiieo br charity nor yot upon
the rtictHtPH of nnturnl Justice.—From
tho decision of tho Now York Court of
Apponl* on Workmen"* Componsntlon.
To holl with the• Constitution.—Mn-
ior McClelland, commundlng the Stato
mllltla (paid for by tho Mlno Owners'
Annor.laiinn) during the Colorndo miner*' strike and .lockout fn 1004.
Thc public be damned. I am not
running this road tor the benefit of
(he public 1 am running It for my
own benefit.—William II. Vanderbilt.
—Xew, York Call.
Paton, Secrotnry-Trfiamirnr,
Amalgamated Seeltty Carpenters and
Jolnerss—Mont In Minors Hnll ovory
alternate Thursday nt 8 o'clock, A..
Wnrrt. Kfiorotfirv T>  fx tnt
Unltsd Brotherhood of Carpenters and!
Jolnera^-Local 1226. D. J, Evans,.
President; F. H, Shaw, Socrotnry. -•
Dr.de Van's Female Pills
A Mll_f# _ r«neh 1
",  \l
-6    *
■v,'
•7
-'     _
(
7/1
for dale at Bteaidill't Drug Store. ,= _-._
ife? _ 7*M£ ."v7
**
f..
Oh
v
i
■. v****.
' THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.   B. 0.', JULY If. 191.1 .,*,■
PAGE  SEVEN
yyhY
I
7%& Week 'sJV^sYfor :
*--^t,  ' yy.yy.J y r s'r.^. r yryy^yy-yy :   y.j^
vp (M0F<^^gff^r6ikers
I   DELITTI   DELLA. LEGGE
■ .*.
■_ ';
\    „
7 vv*
1>-V   -
'  .   '.
-..;• In una cella delle'prlgioni,diSauit
Ste. Marie. neirOntario, "Angelina Na-
-politano. oVanni ,28, fmadi-e di .Quattro
,figli ed-.tyistato interessahte. sta, at-
Uendendo l'ora-fn rcui la'sua ylta-sai-a
violenteinente troiicata dal laccio della
forca', hell'eseguimento? della' vendetta
dello legge, per aver ucciso il 16-dellp
. sco'rso aprlle.il proprio marl to Pletro
Napolitano, iin essere schlfbso' che.iro;
tendeva, di vivere alle 'sue- spalle con-
dannandola ad una vita- dl'vergogna.,.'
7 La povera' Anglollna uccise il porco
marito perche egli voleva che entrasse,
.■In'una casa di prostituzione; e l'ucclse
dopo numerosl e,yIolentl,alterchl,dopo
, aver sopjortato pazientementeper lun-
£gb tempo, ogni sorta- d'tnsulU,- dl umi-
.llazloni,'-dopo* che egli l'aveva percos-
sa-vlgllaccamente e.dopo, aver, rlc'eyu-
," to da lul, nove tagll. dl coltello al vlso
," ed alle braccla. -'"' *v 7 '** -
7 Ed 1 "gluratl ed, i';giudlci non ebbero
."pieta per Uinfelice. donna e' nemmeno
, le accordarono le-^clrcostanze attenu-
, antl e la condannarond'alia forco. qua-
.ntunque' rlconoscesseho che "ella era1
stata provocata'-, vlgllaccamente ' .'.che
'uccise inun momento dl disperazione.
<: E' doloroso.e depiorevole .—■ scrlve
- la ''Voce del Popolo" dl San Francisco
' '—che mentre' tutta la stampa.del^Can-
- ada e-degli Stati Uniti*ha parole "di
pieta e commiserazlotoe, per quella" die-
• grazlata;,.a***stampa italiana'rion'se ne
,* occupi af fatto. *■'.- -,* .v • 7,.. *' *  \y
11 , E quel prete Bruno che si^ecaibgni
giorno a confortaria, quaBi che le parole fossero sufficient!''fed impedlre^a
rlparare un-inglustiziarsdciale/a recar
sollfevo ad'una madre di quattro figll
un -negbzio di compagnia si compie un
delitto identico a quello' di chi' compie
,un borsegglo. Gli uomini scioperano
pure cohtrbi malandrineschi affitti per
le case delle" compagnie/Le case ven-
gono.pagate.dall'affilto ogrii? quattro
anni. t'7 - "' 7 ,~ „'- ■ "
- 'Gli uomini, stimabilf or prominent!
cittadimii. i, quail combattono "i minatori questa.grande' ccmtesaindustrlale.
soho;-, J. 'M./' Jamieson 'della Jamieson
Coal'and- Coke Company,. H., A. Ber-
wihd-dl-Philadelphia. George _, Baer,-
della,Keystone Company, S, Pember-
,ton [ Hutchison -della • Westmoreland
Coal Company," R.K. Cassatt della La
Trobe"-* Connorsville Company, e dletro
a c'ostbro stahno H. C Frick &• Co., la
Federal,1 Steel'-*Company, l'American
Wire Company,* tutti membri del trust
deH'acciaio. La, ferrovla-Pennsylvania
e interessata' come proprtetaria dell'-
immensb trattodi non sviiuppato ter-
renb carbonifero in quelle vicinanze..
La' parte spettante a Carnegie sui pro-
fitti "potra; essere destinata a promuo-
vere la pace universale e a- costruire
blblloteche', conchiude lp' "Scranton
Times."—11 ..Lavatore, Pittsburg,' Kansas. .* •"'"-• ''*' , •■-■"* •- " ■* *■'*,'
'y-rj y 1. : ___:' i ' ,,,.
'?."^ANGELINA   NEAPOLITANA
this ..week at Fort William, with the
facts brought fully before, them, J were
so highly respectable'thatthey- argued
and voted against petitioning the minister, of justice for-a.commutation of
sentence. One woman "thought they
should ignore the matter'because perhaps the sentence-would not be carried
out. Another argued ~* that if*, they
killed the'mother,- possibly**the child
would die, too, so. why bother?, .]'
• Murder is murder, whether committed by the state or .individual,,"but if
that woman-is murdered .'under euch
circumstances,-the, name.." of Canada
would be fouled before"the:whoie civilized world. - ' ."" J ;'
■■ - How is it that the moral. f i.bre 'of
our so-called representative'men is"so
dead or atrophied that they cannot see
the awful iniquity of raising a child
fostered hi a womb'torn with'all the
bitter passions; and horrors of. hell.
These same men .will'pay ?20.000(for
a colt/of spotless reputation bred from
a pedigree mare of unblemished record.
How pitably strange it ,is that, the
art of the' dog fancier Is infinitely
higher than*the spiritual value of our
public administration?   7
Poor Angelriia' Neapolitans!
Voice," Wnnipeg?   -    /'    y •
NOTICE OF7ASSIGNMENT.
r' The petitions on behalf of Mrs.,Nea-
pplltana have in a measure failed "ib
attain their object. In letter to Sault
Ste. Marie,-Sir Alan Aylesworth^says
it,'will be impossible for the woman
to know the result of the petitions until after her confinement. ' Thousands'
of women have petitioned that for the
sake of the' unborn child, the sentence
of. death passed uportaher in May by
che nel flore della vita,,dovra ascend-[Justice Britton shall be commuted, with
this result, that;the woman sitting in
— The
GODSEND
By Max Worth
, "No, .slr,"„, maintained the Optimist
stoutly, "wages are regulated by competition.    -If-'a man didn't get,more.
IT ■
m    i
iv--
ere il patlbolo per;essersl* resa colpe-
vole"'— ^secblpa puo' chiamarsl,'— di
aver yoluto conservaire puro ed Imma-
colato 11 suo onore di sposa e di'madre,
non'farebbe molto megliose'si ado-
', persse a salvarla" dal ca,pestro.?. -   * .-
" ~ . E le autbrita consplari..che cosa3 fan-
,  no?    Esse hanno ben altro a pehsare
7.che tutelaree salvaguardare gll Int'er-
/essPed -i dlritti der'suddltl italiani.
* Devono" pensare a banchettare allegra-
*., inenter a creare" sclssure ed attrlti in
*seno della? nostra oolonla, a croclflg-
7gere qualche-analfabeta che pub van-
■ .tarsi' dl "aver^'fatto2.quattrlnL,eglL_B6lo
- sa'cornered a' niostrarsl arro'gahti"e
■prepotenti con i lavoratori che disgraz-
■ iatamehte devono per. nece^sita^reca.
-,sl in.consolato. a fare lunghe ore'dl
■janticamera per sbrigare qualche"affare
Jn Italia.,;- 7; .. \-.-ii«' -*-..*■ >
her .lonely ..cell making* baby clothes,
still believes that when that baby is
born she will be torn from it to be led
to'.'the scaffold:    ,*" \ 7'
'1 A      ^ ', I -      • I
„ Listen to her story*and judge what
maaner of* man '.or;, woman could. find
her guilty* and-sentence her* to be
hanged,* 'The ■woman's husband was a
laborer, and''of the type that^-regards
his" wife, as"; a; chattel. .He had so
mistreated* her that she was afraid of
him, but more than this.'Ke had tried
to force her to become a.c'onimojiprbs-
il^t-Mo»pEO\;ide7mo^
ments.on.their—that is,'his—home.
UOMINI.MORTI, BIMBI NUDI, PACE
''  ."     UNIVERSALE E LIBRERIE*.
*; Durante gll ultlm\t25 anni e'e stato
im uomo ferito, neljj. miniere di carbone della Pennsylvania plu frequente-
m'ento dl ogni due ore, ln media. ■■ Tiit-
to cio s'o verificato giorno o notte, 24
ore nl-giorno,1 dl do^mica e nel'giornl
festivi. * *• SI ebbe iih ..niorto su ogni
.quattro ferlti, ;,, In questo calcolo sono
cohip'rese, lb ' solo. fo'rlto. grnvl.'. ,'Clo
puo niutarcrn.Htnbllljo le clfre.dl 88,-
99*1 .ucclsi.e 82J840 forltl in;,2C*anni.
JIa le clfro sono cresclute cos! che la
quota attaunle e dl molto' plu altn dolln
media. * Nel solo dlstrotto dolla con-
ten dl Westmor-elnnd 1'anno scoi-bo GOO
u'omlnl furono ucclsi e 1,120 ferlti. La
pagn modln n'nnualo nello miniere ciel-
la Pennsylvania o dl, ?i")'lG.
' Cl sono ndesso 10,000 uomini lii Is-
clopero nol enmpb dl Wostmoroland,
Essi vorsnno nella plu fsqunlllda mis-
orla. Sodlcl u'omlnl sono stall assas-
elnntl dngll sblrrt.,   Dlclotto bambini
,, sono natl nogll nccampamentl sul versanti dollo colllno dovo non e'era por
loro nommeno uno slracclo por ooprlro
1 loro mull corpiclnl. La perdlta dl
carbono non scavato ammonia  a  sol
. mlllonl di dollarl, ma 11 carbono o tut-
torn nella terra o por ,clo non si puo
parlaro-dl una pordlta realo.,   ,
. I mlnatorl scloporarono iwrcho volo-
vnno essoro pagatl por tbnnollato In
voco cho per enrl, Nol giro dl pbchl
anni lo.dlmonslonl del carrlsono stato
aumontnto da 2,000 Ilbbro a S.fiOO, nm
tl compensp por ogni carro o rlmaslo
lo slosso, Vnlo n dlro cho I snlarl
nono stntl tagllatl circa n motn oil un
tnvolono Inchlodato sul flanco dol enrro tagllora ill nuovo I snlarl ogni glo*
rno.    Oil uomini scioperano nncho per
" omnnclpnrBl dal ladroclnlo dol mag-
an.nl della compaKnln. ' A condurro
Some months previous to"the,crime
he'had been arrested for*stabbing her
with a knife. .'On that occasion* the
wife pleaded so'hard for him that he
was ■ released' on*, suspended sentence.
lApayment was due upon' their home
in"the middle of Api-il,last". The man
was out *bf 'work; and so pro'posed
that *th&' wife should go out on the
street and ;ea'rn money' tb meet that
payment,'.*' The wife and prospective
mother revolted, declaring thatV, she
would do anything but that. AH-Eas-
fer Sundny morning they quarrelled.
At.noon ho lay down to sleep off his
temper, saying as'he'did so "If you
are ln the house when I wake up,",, I
will .kill, you."*' Those were his last
words,, ■ As soon as ho was sound
nsleop the wife fetched the axe from
thp wood-shed and * killed him. • • At
the trial the woman told Jier simple
story., No ono defended ,her. , Sho
wos apparently morose and sullen, Hor
wholo marled.life had boon a living
deatli, why care If they killed her?
Then'the thought of.,-her children
cnmo to her, and sho railed In angor
at ■• those who would tnke hor ■ from
"them. She would soo no ono, except
to call foiv hor, children.
■ Under tho lnfluorico of tho jnll matron she beenmo moro docllo and consented to sit and mako baby, clothes,
read hor prayer book, nnd seo tho
priest. Sho was removed on Juno 10
to tho maternity hospital, but through
our rod tapo system still boars tlio bur-
don of the knowledge that she may be
hangod on August 0. ,
A fow years ago Australia had a
similar caso, Sontonco of death was
tloforrod upon,a woman until tho child
was' born. Sho was tondorly nursed
back to,}ioalth arid thon klllod,on tho
scaffold. * Tho lottors of revolt pour-
Ing from nli pnrts of tho Commonwealth — ovon Canada condomnod the
action, too—mado It prnctlcnlly Impos*
ponslblo for Hitch a thing to occur
thoro again.
To their everlasting shame bo It
snld that certain mombors of tho National Council of Women, In session
pleasure out of work thatn the pain involved'in it, he wouldn't work. - That's;
modern-political economy.' , 7
.; ."Yesterday," said,,the Pessimist, "I
was-talking'to an unkilled laborer.
Since the' depression set in,. wages
have' been cut so,'that there's nothing
for a, man to do .unless he's'willing
to take a dollar or a dollar and a
quarter a', day." '"*,,■' y ^
\',"Thats it,' said, the Optimist,' "that's
it—there's your competition—more labor thrown oh the market by closing
down* a certain -plant, wages drop
from $1.50 br $1.75 to $1 or $i.2o. Sure
sign that .wages were too high, for if-
these fellows con, live'on a dollar now,
wages were. too high at a dollar fifty.
I-, tell you, 'old ■ man, the' controlling
rorce is competition."..
"Say rather','/replied the Pessimist,
"the controlling force'is the grey wolf
Starvation.""" ."-,;„;. ' .
"They sat .for" a moment in silence.
The bell boyhanded.'ln the afternoon
paper.. .. The* Pessimist opened-it and
"Thank"
God !"'he*"crled,'.'Thank'God!',   ,
- '.What's, up?' asked-his friend    in
amazement. ',', '-   «     c
"Just a stroke,* of good fortune,"
answered theNPesslmfst. "Thero has
been, another, mine .disaster^ wiih five
hundred killed, Think what that
means! Five hundred less men to
starve In a hard winter before us?
Flvo hundred more places for the' army
out of work. Five hundred less stragglers to lower wages through competition! , And this Is two disasters lp
three days." Why, man, even your
blessed competition wouldn't keep
down wages if your mines would only
continue to blow up. A few more
oxploslons and there'll be'work-for
all that Is, nil that are left. , ' „
"Thore's an item nt the end of the
column—perhaps It will Interest you,
foi* It Is a good'lllustration of one of
tho benefits of competition, You re-
collectrthnt children, with the aid, of
machinery often replace mon; but In
the mines, boys work boslde men,
There, Is no machinery,, just brute
st-rongth, Among tho victims so far
taken from the mine, thore Is one child
—tho nccount doosn't sny how old—
cloven or twelve perhaps. I have seon
thom working In tho mines as young
as that. With the charred mangled
corpses of tho'men at the pit's mouth
Hos this one frail child, with his dirty
■ Pursuant to'the "Creditors'- Trust
Deeds Act," and amending Acts, notice
is hereby given that Frederick Richard
Waylett, carrying bn business in the
City. of Fernie, Johnson-Falconer
Block, Victoria Avenue, by deed' of
assignment for the benefit of * creditors, bearing date of the 12th day of
June, 1911, made in pursuance of^the
Creditors 'Trust Deeds Act)" has granted and assigned',, unto Cornelius E. Lyons of,the City of Fernie, aforesaid,
broker,' all his personal estate, - credits and effects which may be seized
and sold,under execution, and all his
real estate,'in "trust topay* the creditors of the said Frederick- Richard
is
Waylett,   ratably and proportionately
their just claims without preference or
priority,' according to law.  ' .
A meeting* of the'creditors of the
said Frederick Richard Waylett will
be held,at the law offices of Messrs,
Eckstein & McTaggart, Eckstein^Build
ings,- Cox* Street, Fernie, British* Columbia on the 24th, day of June, 1911,-
at * 2.30 o'clock in the. afternoon for
the ^giving of directions for the disposal of the 'said estate. All persons
having claims against the* said Frederick Richard ^Vaylett are required to
deliver to'the. assignee-at his address
above mentioned, .particulars of the
"same duly verified together with particulars of any security which may be
held by them therefor as required by
the act, on or before the 15th day of
July, 1911. , All 'persons Indebted to
the*<*-said Frederick Richard Waylett1
are required to pay the amount due-by
thenVH'o the said assignee .forthwith.
After'the-15th'day of July, A.D.'l911,
the assignee will proceed to distribute
the/assets among those parties - who
are"'entitled- thereto, having' regard
only to .the claims of which he shall'
have then- had due notice. ■'.
; Dated, the 12thyday bf. June,11811.*
,; - * '...'ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
' ,,   .Solicitors for the Assignee
Eckstein Building, Fernie, B., C. ,
for her semi-tropical products ,as,she
Is to-day for her timber, are two i*ather
startling .' and- -interesting announcements-.made by the .limatologlcal experts who,have been,comparing notes
on the .weather, during the annual.con-
venti'on of the' American Climatblbgi-
cal Association held here. .. .    „     ■   .       .   .   ,   .   _.
w.**"* •j""*-'-   "a. "_.__ *. I.. '- j ,      young i..an by Hungarian gipsleswhen
^_:4»^.-*^*Mn_t*iM^^
THE KAISER'S ■■-;.
SECRET DREAD
Why the German Emperor Fears Ae*
- sassinatlon—Very.Apprehensive
of the Number 13
. What does the future hold for me?
What Is "to be my fate? These vital
questions agitate the.minds of most,
of us, more or less. And, judging by
the revelations of the writer of "Recollections of a Society Clairvoyant,"
no people are more superstitious in
regard to signs and portents, and their
relation to the' future, than Royalty.
Many of them attach great importance
to dreams. The Czarina,*the Umperor*
of Austria, and ' the Kaiser, .for instance, insist that dreams have furnished them with premonitions of various misfortunes which have overtaken
them.
The Emperor of Austria has peculiar .forebodings of eminent disaster,
and for some months before the assassination of the Empress Elizabeth at
Geneva, in 1898 he was. a * victim to
ominous presentiments, and frequently
exclaimed, "Oh! If,this year were but
at an end." ' The Empress was a fatalist. "What ls to be will be,'" she once
said. "It has been, predicted 'that I
and my two sisters will all meet with
violent deaths. Personally, I do not
dread a sudden death." And curiously enough, after the assassination of
the Empress; her sister, the Duchess
D'Alencon, met her death In the terrible bazaar fire ln Paris, while the ex-
Queen Sophia of .Naples, the third sister; anticipates meeting as violent a
death as that of her two sisters. •
.The Black' Bird and White Lady
It* ls a curious fact that for some
days before the Empress was murdered, and on the day of her death; a
large black' raven was observed constantly flying near her*.bedroom win-
dow*-at the hotei where she was staying.- Aud it is* a tradition of the Austrian "Royal Family that a black bird
and a white , lady always • foretell
death., It is also said that, when a
member of the reigning house of Germany is about to die, the white lady—
supposed to be the spirit of the Countess Agnes Orlamunde, who murdered
her. first'husband and her, two children,- as" they constituted an obstacle'
to„-her marriage with one of the ancestor's o of--the' Kaiser—always' appears'.'
- The .white "lady ,appeared ^Frederick the Great on the eve of his death,
and.in 1806 she came to Prince Frederick of* Prussia before his deam at
the Battle of Saalfeld. * A* number ot
officers also saw ,her, the Prince being at the time in* their* company.
■* .The present Kaiser Is fh-mly convinced, that he will die by the hand-of
an* assassin. This has'.been predicted
to"■■■-hlra    several- times—twice as a
SOME HEROINES
FROM REAL LIFE
My
'<_-
Pretty  Jane,  Annie  Laurie,  and
__   the Lass of Richmond
Hill
I
clothes i' nnd  his honvy  mlno  bIioob,
T
I
List of Locals District 18
NO, •     NAME SEO. and P. O. ADDRRRft
..ii uuiiKiiead ,  V, Wbontley, Ilnnhhond, Alta.
•J51 Dwiw ptvek...... f, -auKliifon, Ueaver Creek, vin Plnchor
•J3l nollovuo J. Durko, Dcllevue, Frank, Altn.
Slfl.1 Blairmore  n. J. Chflsy, Dlnlrmoro, AUa,
flit} nurmli. Win, Sloan, Durmls, AUa.    .
1!J78 Cnnmoro „N. D. Thnchuk, Canmore, Altn.
H _5 C-Uiwi**. , v*, Onihnro, Colemnn, Alta,
2227 Cnrbondalo.,.,,... O. M. Davlei, Carbondale, Coloman, Alln.
2378 Cnrdlff ,... L. Hucklna, Cnrdlff, Alln.
2877 Corbin It, Jono», Corhln, U. C,
1126 Chinook Mine Wm. Forsyth, Dlnmond City, Altn.
2178 Diamond City Charles Orban, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo,
23H Ptsrnle ._,,_.,,.... D. 1li>att, Fernto, II. C.
1203 Frank. ,0, Nlco!, Frnnk, Alta. ,|
2497 Hosmer.  .T, Ajto, nonmcr, Di C,
' MS Hillcrest.......... J, O. Jouoi, Hillcrest. AUa.
574 Uthbfidf o I* Moore, P. O. Box 113, Lethbridge
.... l/ethbrldge Collieries Thoa. CUphnm, »m„ via Klpp, AUa.
1233 Lille W. I* Evans, Lille, Prank, Alls
*;S23 Maple Lett M, Ullday, Maple Leaf, Dello rue, Alta.
2334 Michel  M. Hirm»l», Jlflfhe?, V, C.
£352 .-uutourf........... Wm. Cooke, 1'nsiburg, AUa.
_..._ noynl View* Thos, n, Fisher, Royal Collieries, Lethbridge, Altn
103 Taber  William ftussell, Taber, i.lta.
:059 Taber  B.Drown,Tiber, AIU.
His body is nolthor ohnrroil nor mangled, but peacefully composed as
though ho slept, and on his lipa ls
what the wrltor, describes as 'a beautiful, smllo,' ,
."Sort o* sad, tBn't It? Thousands
of boys aro nt worlc ln tho mlnos today, all over PoniiBylvnnla and .West
Virginia, and the only renson thoy
aren't put to sloop smiling nnd kopt
forever from fooling tlio mlsory nnd
pain of trying to bo mon while thoy'ro
still children, In'that no good angel
sots off tho gas In tho mlnon where
thoy work.
"Old man, I boo five hundred bodies
foroyor nt rost, nml flvo hundred places for tho unemployed. So far eo
good—but I also seo thousands In anguish—nnd I honr thousands weeping;
beyond thom stand tho mlno ownors,
competing for profits;!' nnd boyond
thom ngnln (ho mlno Inspectors, competing for political honors or political
.r._n. '
This tlmo pompr-MMon hr.1*-. onM
Uncle 8nm flvo hundred good worker*.
five hundred posslblo sailors or sold-
tors. It was cheaper for tho coal company to run to tho edge, but you'ro
one of the mernhnrw nf Tir-pir. ■*•>*■■ _*»,7
family, Do you think competition
renlly pays?'—Twentieth Conlury Magazine.
"fameuse"'- apples, known to all as being just: about .the most succulent edible the- Province of Quebec produces,
,will be",supplanted by Jamaican yams,
nor that Montreal melons will be' superseded^ in  their    glory by Florida
.oranges; but, it does mean that there
Is a change coming over Canada's* climate/    One of the reasons given is
that "the .thinning out of our forests
makes tlie.air less stagnant, that   the
snow melts more rapidly and that tho
thermometer rises earlier than in tho
bid days _when piles of snow might
have been seen in the woods while tho
fields ; were bare nnd dry,,    On. the
other., hand, it'was pointed out, deforestation, tends to drought, ns the snow
then, all melts quickly causing n flood
with" no reservo of molsturo.
'The* fact thnt thoro, is "a climate reciprocity between Cnunda and the United States, by virtue of which tho latter export their.heat waves to us, Canada providing thom with* cold ■ feot In
the winter In return, was also alluded
to desplto the fact tliat tho organization Is nou-pollticnl nnd thoro was nobody prosont to urgo legislation for
or against tlio exchange.     Dr, A, D.
Blaclcnder, of  Montreal,  was. elected
president of- the association, tho first
Canadian to rocolvo such an honor.
Tho organization ls composed mostly
of government weather prophets   and
soothsayers stationed In nil parts   of
tho  continent,   tlio   gontlomon  from
whom the nowspnpors rocolvo    tho
forcasts of the days" doings nmongst
the   stars.—Pross    Service    ntireau,
Montreal,
he \was ,vlsftihg his' friend
Crown -Prince of Austria, aC Gallcla;
anil', .it,.id. said that this conviction
form's "a constant'topic of conversation between the Emperor and, his
friends.*-'- -;* • '''•",
. . /.The Kaiser and No. 13,
* Like the'late King Edward VII., the
German ;,Emperor is also very apprehensive "vof the number 13 ,ln connection with ahyentertalnment, and more
than once a subaltern on duty at the
Palace has been commanded at moment's notice' to join the Imperial
pa-ty: to avoid thirteen being at table,
■ Many members of European roya.;'
consulted 'the writer of 'Recollections
of a "Society Clairvoyant," amongst
them being, tho late Kinr Leopold,
Queen Nathalie of Scrvia, and King
Humbert df Italy. "I did not fool,':
says tho author concerning King Hu. ■
bort, "that I could tell him what I
snw. u was shortly before his assassination, and I did my best to warn him
ngninst perils on a journey, Ho expressed himself very *, pleasod ■ with
somo privato information which I gave
him, bvt laughed at my warnings, and
told me that he would 'wait and seo.'
Then", a few years ago he was consulted by a protty, fnlr-halrod girl, who
was accompanied by an oldorly lady.
"When I read her crystal," ho says,
"I .could see a brilliant marriage In
store for her,* but I could also see that
her wedding day would bo a day of
sudden death for othors. I told hor
this, and also that hor homo would bo
far away from England, amoiiL' strnn-
gors ln raco and rollglon, I was talking
about her to a lady who is persona
grata at Court, and she remarked
enigmatically that tho Princess Ena
had always beon a little unconventional, 'but,' s'..._ added, 'I don't any that
your client was tho Quoon of Spain,'"
The , majority of, people regard the
heroes" and heroines of popular songs
as purely imaginary r. creations, says
Mr. J.' Cuthbert Hadd'en, in '-'The.Scotsman."" They often afe.but not always.
"My Pretty Jane" was a girl far gone
in consumption whom Edward Fitzball
met in a country lane. "The Lass of
Richmond Hill" became the wife of tho
man who sang her praises. "Sally in
our,Alley" was a Cockney girl whom
Henry Carey encountered • on Hamp-
stead Heath on a Bank Holiday, and
Annie Laurie was the descendant, of
Stephen Laurie, who early in the 17th
century was a flourishing merchant in
Dumfries.' About the year 1620 he
bought the estate of Maxwelton, beautifully situated on, the banks of the
valley of the Cairn, in Dumfriesshire.
When he died he left the lands to" his
eldest son, John, who, in 1630, married
a daughter of Sir Robert Griersonof
Lag. The next head bf * the house,
Robert, was created a baronet in 1695.
He was active in support of the King
and Claverhouse,'and was made baronet "for his merits." Sir Robert was
the father of "bonnle" Annie Laurie."
He was twice married, and it was his
second wife who waB the mother of
the song heroine, one of the most beautiful Dumfriesslans of her day.
That ardent lover who laid at her
feet, so to speak, the poetical tribute
which makes the basis of the popular
song, was * William Douglas, of Fing-
land, in Kirkcudbright. In old records
he. is celebrated as one of. the best
Bwordsmen of his time, and his son,
Archibald, rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel ln - the Army. , Annie
Laurie's beauty had captivated poor
Douglas, .but unfortunately he was unsuccessful in hiB wooing. If she really
gave him "her promise true," it seems
more than a poetic injustice that he
did not have her. At any rate, Annie
Laurie married another—an Alexander
Fergusson, of Cralgdarroch,; Dumfriesshire.' ■ --t , . ." ..., ' "' *'
That Annie Laurie was a beauty
there ls no doubt. Portraits of her are
preserved at Maxwelton.' She is described as "slender and graceful, with
large-blue eyes ar. brown hair, which
was never powdered, in* spite of the
fashion of the times. * Her'face seems
to have been rather long, and rher features followed the,Grecian type." The-
portrait is from. an oil painting * at
Maxwelton. It almost shocks one to
learn that this' fascinating creature
took .snuff, but the shock is lessened
If we remember that many fashionable
ladleB of that period.0'primed, their
noses' with tho tlttilatlng powder.
_T-he-Rev.-Sir-Emi!iu3-LaurieraTeiired-
Church of England clergyman, now
permanently resident, ln the old home
at Maxwelton, is a living representative bf the famijy.,    ,
It was not until the late Lady John
Scott,' who died at Spottlswoode ln the
spring of 1900, conceived a fancy for
Douglas's verses, and remodelled them,
that "Annie Laurie" started, on her
career of world-famous popularity. •
' Lady John does not'give the date of
her recasting of the song, but it was
in 1835. Three' years later tho new
version, with the now familiar tune,
appeared for the first timo in "Tho
Vocal Melodies of Scotland."
American   Writ-jr Advises  Man Who
Wants,More Results to'Sharpen  . i
Cultivator and* Use Muscle '
if any, man thinks his farm Is worn   ".
out, let him §wap Ms team that weighs / '
eight    hundred -, each ' for one that
weighs   fourteen  hundred  each "*•* and
plow his land two or   three   inches
deeper than it has ever been plowed,   .
get his cultivator sharpened, and start
,wlth the idea that*.the soil" ls thirty-
five feet deep and that tbe land in New
York State has been cropped for one
hundred years and is not worn out
yet, so writes a New York farming
editor.   There Is land ln the town of,
Paris that will produce more now than
it would fifty years ago and could be
made to double,what it now yields.
'' I dug a well o.n my farm, says the
writing farmer, "that   was   thirty-fivo
feet deep, and 'some of tbe soil that I
took out of the bottom,raised the longest herdsgrass heads that.I ever saw.
I feel sorry for some of  these  old,
-worn-out farmers that have farmed all   .
their lives, and have   reduced    their
muscle and courage so much, and who
hold forth such an idea of "worn out"
land tb t he young farmer.  Young men
want all the courage they can get.* If
a young man buys a farm and is'told ft
fs half warn out and is given the idea
that in a few years it will be, all worn ■
out, what courage can he have in work-    .-
ing the farm at all.   A!boy .that* is    "
brought up ori, a farm has a good,"
muscle, good health, and Is generally
fitted for,a long life., There ls no one
more independent than a farmer, and
there never has been a better .time for
a young man to buy a farm and pay for
it.than there has been during the last
five years.   If they are putting -it oft
for better, times I think lt Is, a mistake. '
They give you a farm If you will pay "
them two-thirds of what the buildings   -
cost, and good land at that.'
Young  man,' Jump   In',   do  not be    ,
afraid that the^lahd lswornout.   That   '
idea was started by a man that had
the blues.    Strawberries are 98 per
cent, water, so that the 95 per. cent.  ,
of the two per cent, would be a small   '
tax on the land.,
I do not suppose there is any nourishment"' in land plaster, ■ but I have   ■
seen' marked effects from its use on-
grass and other crops in dry, weather.
I always put lt on "potatoes when I
planted them.* It retains moisture and
draws nourishment from the 'atnios-   -
phere.   No doubt there are some phos- **'
phates that supply the soil with" some
quality that it lacks and brings good
results,'" but if ,1 was paying for a farm
1 would sav^thejih^pJi^^i^neyLJtQlLi
pay" my Interest" and take mjr chances
on good cultivation.     *. '„
I would advise all yo\ihg; men- who
lntend.to farm It to remember that the'
two* words "good cultivation" are, thb "
most important words- to the young
farmer. Young man/why not start In
and go to farming and take in this* 95
per cent, bf the crop that is floating
in the air? It is easy to catch; a good,
.well-tilled farm Is the best trap in' the
world. A fine, well-tilled soil is drinking, lt ih when you are in bed and
asleep. *' Poor Richard said that, God
helped" those  who helped themselves.
RADIUM ERRAND GIRL
LOOK8 LIKE FOUL PLAY
WINNIPEG,* Juno r 28.—Wllllum
Uolvo. brothor of John Itolvo, n C. P.
It. onginoor wns found -load thin morning In tho rivor nt tho foot of Walter
Stroot. Ills hoad Ib battorod, creating
a suspicion of foul play.
NEW* ZEALAND SHEEP
(f.
SETTLERS AND GAME
WARM W&ATHER ZONE IS
MOVINQ  FflRWAPD
No Mire D«no»r of Summer Fror-ti In
.,F«w  Years  Declare  Cllmstologlcal
Expsrts—Reciprocity   in    Weather
Despite Politicians
MONTItEAL—Thnt aumihop frosts,
tho bane of the farmer and orchnrdUt,
would noon become a thing of the past
If the treet of the Dominion continue
to dlsnppenr «« rapidly na tlioy have
of late, and that Canada In not many
year* from now will be as renowned
A Good Defence Against
the White Plague
No one can afford to lessen their producing power to-day, and to have power
you must lmve good machinery.
The human body Is the greatest ma-
chine ever produced—the most wonderful mechiinUm In the world.
It is sheer economic waste not to keep! fc
ycur jcuy !r»!,._, wH* v_.^...v«. , »*— ... ,. .— —
There is no valid exwiM for allowing hunn pot, nnd \\c Ir. now hunted na a
the tissues to become attacked by the protr-HHlon.
white plague.   You need your health and
Canada needs you.
Insure against it by building up your
reserve forces nnd bodily defences,
The lust defence you can get Is Nyal's
&*i w-u Cum]-c*ur-Q, iv iiuttdt up the
tissues and prevents disease, it
A delicious tonic and a spWndld vital-
The Depredations of a Parrot About
the Size of a Pigeon
A corroapondont of tlio Edinburgh
Scotsmnn gives an Intorostlng account
of ..tho supposed' origin nnd doproda-
tions of tho Now Zealand Mountnln
Kon, or parrot, a bird about tho slzo of
a pigeon, which InfostB lho barren
waetos nbovo the snow lino, Originally n vegetarian, aiid liiBoctlvoroiiH, It
Ib bolleved to havo acquired Iho taato
for mutton nnd sheep's blood by alighting on lliolr backs and hunting with
Iti henk for ticks and grubs. Curiosity
and hunger woro tho stimulating mo*
tlvon of tho* bird, resulting In tho backs
of tho B.icp being torn to pieces down
to Iho kidneys nnd other organs.
Wlinl was destroying the sheep wu a
mystery till nbout 1808 or 1801), whim
a Bhcphord discovered that tho now
foo of llio flock was tho Kon, on the
(.,.u ui I...,!*.-., ll lung pneo nas biiic..
A Special- Corps of Them Organized
In Paris "--
A special corps of girls ls being
organized ln Paris to carry rndium to
and fro between tho laboratories whoro
It Is manufactured and stored, and the
hospitals, and the consulting-rooms of
tho physicians who use lt,
Thoy rocolvo good wagoB, ?40 and
$liO a month, nnd tho risks attendant
upon handling tho mysterious mineral
and carrying it constantly about with
thom are considerable. They havo to
bo vory caroful, and take elaborate precautions, otherwise thoy uro llablo to
bo burned by the radium emanations—
and such burns develop vory quickly
Into nnBty, sprondlng ulcorn, which are
oxcocdlni.ly difficult to heal.
Kach tiny spook of rndium—worth
many hundreds of dollars—Iibb boon
In a scaled glass tubo, from which tho
air has previously boon extracted, and
this, ngnln Is placed In a small leaden
box before bolng handed to a messenger for conveyance anywhere,
The girls wear gloves lined .Inside
with load shooting, and tliolr walntl_i.lt,
Insldo which is fastened the thin flat
box containing the tubo of radium, Is
also load-llnod,
The reason ror this I* that tt has
been found thnt the tiny pnrtlclcB
which nro constantly bolng given off
by tho mineral—its omnnntionR—will'
not onsily ponotrnte lead, although
they readily pnss through rUbr and
most other metals.
Still, ovon nftor taking ovory precaution, tho fnct.romnliiH Ihat an errand girl, while actually convoying
radium, Ib continually bolng bombard-
ad hy Its emanations, the pnrtlcl *
travelling at n rate of Rovornl thousand
mllcn a second, Ko, porluipH, nfter all,
iho Is not over-paid, ,
QOGUS  BANK   DILLS
Countni-folt bills of the llnnk of
Montreal of 1h*? dennmlnntlnn nf ilvo
dollar*, nio nomo whero In elrculnMon
to thc amount or about $5,000.  Notico
.. _ ._.  ....     to this effect was sent out by tho hank
Iter; puts on good, solid flesh, and makes  to tho principal commercial oitahllsh*
yon feci fit for any tusk. *        ■ montB.    II   would   appear from the
For the puny and backward child there , warning that the counterfeits are of
!i nothing better.  Nyal's Cod Uver Com- tho series number 229,707i
pound will toon brine the roses back to
the cheek and give vigor and vitality.
Your own Drunlit cheerfully guarta*
tees Nyal's Cod Liver Compmind.
For Sale in Pernio and Guaranteed by
N. E. 8UDDADY
MONEY FOR HOME MI88ION0
Tho   ProHbytuilun   11-pino   .Mlfmloii
Board will spend $2.i7,Ol)0 this yi<ar,
In pnrt as follows:   Por the mission
i work nmnrif fofMrnc-r'a   ?'» nr..*.-  v,.ti,i
(Ing fund for Now Ontnrln, $2,Soo;
i.ilbtiioa .i-j.,_ Ju f>ii(i»li lA-ium.!*'*,, ii.t,-
000; mlBBlon work'In AlbcrtA, *M3.*)i*0;
•nlHBlon work In Rnsknichewnn, ll').*
ooO; mission work in Manitoba (In-
eluding Gaiician), $»l,ouo; Hynod ot
Hnmllton and London, $2,100: Hynod
?. _   il,A.A.>m      A...      I .„.lr,lt,*l,t,      *i.tl„,\,M ,
Synod of Montreal and Ottnwa, fll.,*
000.
ALBEHTA NEED* MISSIONARIES
__./_
iJM^h^
Oe*toruchwwyUytfimmt
CONCUR .--Rev. T. C. Buchanan,
nup^rlnt-endont of the Methodist ml*-
slonii fn Alhor'n, hiu hecu lu thu
Cobourg  dfnttict   thla   week.   He Is
minion** to gf-t.-iiro young men io hint
The Spanish Parliament would be n
'■arndlse for children, unllmltod barley sugar bolng Biipplled free during
the debates,
Important Decision by Judge Hewson,
'Manltoulln Island
A doclslon of very considerable lm-.
portnnco to the residents of Northern
and North-Western Onlarlo has beon, .
given by Judge Howboh, of Manltoulln'
Island, A settlor named John Kinney
was fined by thc magistrate $20 nnd
costs for hunting during open season
without a license, He appealed and
the Judgo quashed tho conviction.
In tho courso of his Judgement
Judge Ilowson recites lho particulars
of the case. Tho defendant went to
tho unorganized district of Manltoulln
In 1870 nnd settled Ipon land In tha
township of Gordon as a farmer,
While still working his farm he went
to reside at Gor-,-- Hay nnd beenmo
clerk of the municipality, Tho Judge
hold thnt, although Gore nay was established as a town with municipal
institutions by a special act of Legislature tho defendant was still a Bottler.         '•• ,
INDIGENT STUDENTS
A Large Summer Hotel Seeks to Em*
ploy Them as Walters
Mtj-.li commont has boon aroused In
University*circles In England and on
llio Continent by a notico winch has
been posted up In the uulvptntty hall
by tho Academical Hnrloty, Hilda Post,
for 'nsslstlriK Indigont students. Tho
notico In qiiustlnii Is an advertisement
by tha prnpriutiiiHs nf a large iiummor
hotel orferlug a mtliiry of $10 a month
.•itch to a numb**.'!' of HtudontR who
would underiuk't to net na wnllcrs at
t|)o --stiibHuliiiif. ut during tho holidays.
Revernl young mun oliialncd tho posts,
but Da unlv-fflty authorities, after ***.
roiiHldi-rln-.* tlio matter, cnmo to tho
_ .nr|tinloi> thnt a waiter's calling Is
*nlto.!<>tlii-r out or keeping with a unl*
v-twlty four**.'". An nddroKH on the
Hiilijcrt In therefore to bo given by tho
dt-nn of tliv unlv--<rNlty, who will nt*
n-mpt todlsBundu xbv utmli-nti. from on
limit*..taking which ho catinot, how.
vim, pi union.    ,
CANADIAN MONEY
There *re mlllloi.s of good Canadian
money Invented In Mexico, Hrni-ll nnd
Central America that could, to Iho
piiwrnl srtvnntni-.   nt M*f* i'fin,'t.y, ?,■••>
better Invi-nM at horn*., _t-L_-.nl hop*
pr*iiliiK» In these I.ntln*Amcrl'-nn coun-
trirs should prove,an object lesson to
our capitalista tlmlt for info and pro-
NtA.il-.* Investm_it of thoir money
there is no occasion to seek foreign
flc-lds where life and,dividend* are
both iin^rtaln,—Monf-fsry Tlm-**..
TO PLACE OTTAWA CITY *
UNDER FEDERAL CONTROL
OTTAWA—At nfxi week's meet lull
of tho dttaua lloaid of Trade Om>
■*ki.:!ui; of thu -.aiitul uiuki ft*tlci-~l
control will ho a llvo topic, A W,
l-'rnsor will move In this illrcrllon,
proposing a commlislon of sei n*n, four
the ministry In connection with tli«*|lo be appointed l»y tho government
Alberta conference. and three elect.*!.
How'* Thlt?
W* fitltt Onr Huni-trcd tMum nf**rt tar uy
_>»«• ot (Vt*rrh Ilut <kftCAt t-f taint try IUtf'«
IturrJ, Cu.it.
r. j. ntrsr.v a co., toko, a
Wr, tb* un4frXffif.il, tut* fatur** V. t. I__*»rr
for ttir inu ii »■*•"-»■ -iii'l N*it*.» mm ix-tiwUr him-
«t«m< «■> *m *>****** i»».(Hfc»n*.« *m.i *),«.«.(«_.flf
*Ut U curry out ut uMIoiioa* text* tf Mt rim.
VtrKivii pr.Mr nr tx,„urn-r.
TXiwIrt, OKn
11*11** Curm cut* t* ubt fettmcilr. wtlnt
dlmtlf HMD th* Ui**l •.**.<_ _t,u«wt» Mrr>rt« nf th*
»v»t»m, TtMlmflUi* ntn ttr*. run . > «*nu per
boul*.   A-.I.I l.y kit Dnmuu
TtU tltli-i fK-r.Ur !-<*_ I'rffeeM/piMj*
THERE I. MONEY IN LEDGER ADS. 1-   , - -.
ft- .<
_
i      «
■       *    * *i»    * "f"*       _*"*■* > *_*J**-**  . ~^_ .* _ . -* **i , *■*" \ '■V' /■'-«_•" ■■  _^*.*W'3^_^/1*n_**,*S*" ii . A'*'L-ti*>   .'_■*'".- s*J -«.*._, ■__*-*-t .-   --,-"■-     it. •*-.■-. -Ww- ■"*--,•_. -
• -7% "71. (^*t_^-.*HS-.**^
.,-   *7-**Vr *..■;-.   ?^;*.^-7^'7-.?r' ;*-*^7w*rM: ** ;, ;*■£.■•?-.~'*v ;",__.-
-     ,-v-.'*'--'"   '•   .-'   -.   - '. 7 *",'.;7V"V    '-*.-.-.^"^-*•.*-„•", *• ""•i'**7_NV'*?.-77
FAGE.EIGHT .
THE DISTRICT .LEDGER, FERNIE,'  B. 0., JULY 1, 1911.f
ARO.UND'TOWN
> * Jack Lundie spent his holidays' in
Calgary;jretUniing last Saturday. - - ■
#■-.
Chas. Morris,--- of ^the Trites-Wood
staff ;-leayesrMonday foi;, Calgary,, for
his ^holidays!* -   ''',-   7 •   '      -
connection , lo,-which .we "have ''made  irk^kAkk&kki*'kki.kkk1iii1iiiis.kA>.
•■ >*, , . *_,--,     4.        -<*   ...  „    ,  ,.-     ._.,« ,.       ir,     _.».+,, _^*t'__J .    ,,4,
'     *    .-,--,.*       -.. -,--- *
■*•"•
i   5
I--'.
V
ib
I     _
. Mr. -Fred "Vance and family,* who
have been, spending a month' on che
coast,7 have returned.- "V.
Mrs. B. Barclay' left on Wednesday
■morning fpr Calgary, to visit her.daughter, Mrs.' Thos. .Howden.
0 -       ■
.Mrs. C. J. Digby. who: has been undergoing treatment at Maeleod* hospital tor eye trouble,'has arrived*home.
." The.-supreme'.purpose of'sociology
is ^be - betterment. 7:of - "society. If
knowledge'" be'; had *; action . will take
care ^of.tselfT-Lester ._* Ward.
.   Alf Dragon Is still an inmate of the
"hospital, and although very weak, is
mentally brighter than he was a week
ago.       * *'' "
*.'-   "*•
',Dr. and Mrs. Wriglesworth,' accompanied by Clarence leave on Monday
for. Victoria for a two months holiday.
Doc looks bad and needs the rest.
* Mr. C. J. Digby is-back to'town, having completed the big hrldge contract
tor the C. P. R. near Maeleod. ■ ilo is
.figuring on another similar job for tlie
-same company.
,, Mrs.' J. E_ Shearer, accompanied by
her son Jackie, .will leave for .a1'three
months' trip to* Scotland and \ England
next* week.* Cheer np John!sand learn
to cook your own meat.' ' * "
; Friend Lowery* is kicking .because
some of his exchanges give him', an
"r"*too ma*ny.'*" Please forward^ them
to us R.. T., as there are'many who
omit when, addressming, this . sheet.
"Remember, to 'rr' is human." ■
* George Barton brought back another
consignment*,of, horses;" for.,his,sales
stables from the prairie this week, and
as he Is disposing of them very quickly
expects'to make, another trip in the
near, future.    '"*.'.
'. W. L,. Mackenzie King, Minister of
Labor,' has wired'to John T. Hall, bf
the receipt of the telegram from the
Associated Boards .of Trade of Western
Canada regarding, the strike ,and. is
writing more fully—Lethbridge C-Ierald
Mr. Robert Kerr "is _ supervising Hie
continuance.of[the excavating work
for the new Catholic ;Church.* which we
understand is'being done, voluntarily
by the'members-of that' faith in lieu
of monetary, offering which at this
time" consequent upon the cessation of
-F^ri_~atThe mines is not forthcoming.
"William Shenfleld has, decided to
shake the "dust of-oFernie from-.his
feet and" removed* on Thursday with
his family to the■ Arcadian resort.of
.British'Columbia, known on the'*map
as Elko, where he will hereafter dispense, liquid refreshment on behalf of
James Thomson at the Columbia Hotel.
BAPTIST CHURCH,SERVICES
The state is always, as good as society will* permit it to be—Lester F.
Ward.
"*+'■+
"In Montreal .bridge disaster there]
were 78 lives snuffed out in a second,'
.and 52 of them were members of-our
organization, with an average membership "of fourteen months, and to each
of their heirs or widows we paid ?100
for funeral benefits, as provided,in
our laws, and yet there has not been
a criminal case brought in court to
prosecute those who" were criminally
liable for, that disastrous loss of life,
although warning had been given to
the chief engineer by an assistant as
to the dangerous condition of the
structure."—Frank ,M." Ryan, President
of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers.
■» * ♦
American statesmen have discovered
an easier, way than fighting the Philippines to keep' them in subjection. -It
ts the same,, method by which they
handle,the organized labor movement
—giving the "leaders" ,soft Jobs.
* * i *   *'"
- It's a caution how many union,men
-there- are who will consent to. pull
the,bosses' chestnuts out of the fire.
However, when' the Mayor of Calgary
asked the Trades and Labor council
of the Alberta metropolis to intercede
with the, striking coal miners of the
Crow's Nest Pass by asking them to
■work first and "arbitrate" afterwards,
he .reckoned without his host.- Calgary unionists and Crow's Nest Pass
unionists have interest in common.
i < *   *   *
The Winnipeg Voice seems a great
deal more'concerned about the • split
in the Socialist party than the unification of labors forces. It also "devotes two inches to the Vancouver
strike, and a column^ of editorial/ deploring technical points as to "unfairness." * And all this while over 4,000
unionmen in Vancouver are puttingoip
the fight of th$lr lives for the very existence of their organizations, and'against the adoption of the "open*shop."
Not a word of protest is offered aganst
the". Employers' Assocations' . declaration .of war on organized labor, along
the'Pacifie coast, a war that-will sweep
eastward * at no .distant date!.. .*; Better shake the millstone, friend Voice,
stick a pin in,the editorial anatomy,
and get down to\|tacl_7!n^oFher words^
"Come out of it!" J' ■    -;.-'"    ","*
•  •'','*' -"'7
Vancouver striking building,tradesmen have issued a four page bulletin ln
which Is' reproduced a copy of a confidential circular recently sent outjoy
the Employers"1 Association in which
the Blacklist .is "propagated. - Thousands of copies have been mailed to all
quarters of the labor .world,' and tho
situation In Vnncouve'r, should now be
better understood by those depending
on the bosses' press, for reports, .
special-reference,. and-that-. is7the-
charging of ovens in .Washington." that
class of work * is. paids * for.. over' "and
above the drawing.l'of; the /ovens, and
I may say incidentally 'tbat the draw-,
ing.of oye-as ,-is! paid for at a much,
higher'rate -than" in'this district. For.
that reason theWate on coke ovens'
appearing in-our'statement are larger
than ,lheyi should in the general iad-.
vahce demanded.;, Another particular
matter to which.we desire to draw
your attention to - is the dockage at
the Alijerta1* Railway"1" and Irrigation
Company's mines. You have had substantial evidence in connection, with,
Letters To
._ \W!_f js,- .
Thei Editor %
k^AMMM-f% * * ¥ ¥ * **'* ******* *
', • The'editoj&is-,-*.notr responsible'^for'
articles that'are sent in..-   -- -,''. - .
.. *<»     ■-•-.•>*■-. * t-.***"   ,   . *-   . .   ,,-_-
that .'matter,'and I believe the board
realizes that some change in that direction should be made. - We . have
suggested what we consider to be ah
equitable dockage clause,to both tlie
men and' the company. A point that
we have had considerable complaint
about," and .which" we have tried to
cover;in the general provisions 'suggested, is the'question of, the men be-"
ing called upon to cast their conl excessive distances. That was shown in
Fernie, and might have been demonstrated possibly to a greater extent in
Michel had we desired to go further
in that particular line of evidence. AVe
have, suggested what 'we consider
would be' a means of eliminating that
particular class. ^ ■ ',,  .-_.. -_ o,
'   Flash—Wires down between   Banff
and Calgary, line may be,fixed soon.-
,.   .     ^    Portland Villas, :   ..'—y')*
'*'    '      >;*-."'i,.'PbrtsIade.'. Sussex,.
'•'■\-7.  "■■:"   ."'-''-England.
,S _ ' *" ' .       * .   , ?!       'l .. I _
To the Editor, District Ledger:—;*,>
."' Dear Mr." Editor,—MiicV to'_my sur-
*i ,       ** _ -*.. *
prise the .writer..received; a  copy of]ory.
tanco'.'of the wealthy he^produced -in
tii&V-sh'ape of -wake ?-i-™^5Vhy;-..does ^'he
not- share in: the. profits . of - his j iiro-
duction? _. The. mineVis'i'useies'. until
labor ,'penetrates ',its^bowels'."andVsen.ds
touts'-surface products.;.^ Why, wages?
,/,-Why.hot profit to?Ms production?..;'"
'^The,architect's, plans'are only valu-
able-by the man-whp-makes.the bricks,
yet* the one gets.profitson"his^lahpr,
the, other—wages. ^The. ^labpf. "ofdens
,must pass, from- out {of"the.old'.order
of things;, no • longer- inusi"/doles be
considered, but- equal' share ,,in "value
of "'-production must' be ,the-: standard'
'■\"*-**i,,.\ 'V.,
Rov. J. W.' Clefil, of Bolton, England,
will be In town noxt Sundny, July
2nd, nnd is expected to preach at the
Baptist  Church   In   the evening.
Mr. Clenl, who Is pastor of a largo
institutional church In Bolton, has
boen attending the World's Baptist Al-
llanco meetings i'n'Philadelphia. , He
is visiting friends In the West beforo
returning homo again, and will bo tho
guoBt of his brother-in-law, W. T.
Hanes, whilo in Fernio.
I. 0. 0. F. AND REBEKAHS
PLEASE NOTEl
Tbo Odd Fellows nnd Reboknh's Memorial Service, which was to tako
placo liiHt Sunday, having boon posl>
poncd.on nccount of tho non-arrival of
' llio wreaths, nil membors of both bodies aro "requested to be at thc K, P.
T _rill on Sundny next, July 2nd, at 2
o'clock.
Last Word From Board
(Continued from pago 1)
ANOTHER COLLIER
Fellow Workers,—It,, was .very interesting to me,when I read the article
"Thoughts of a Collier," which appeared in our last,'weeks' issue. It calls
to my* mind -the words used by Charlotte Perkins'Stetson:
"We close our eyes and call it night,
And grope and fall in seas of light—.
Would we had. b.ut understanding.'^
., Oiir union coal digger has been think
ing in somewhat the, same channels
as myself, but he'has. not been quite
as reluctant ln ^making his thoughts
public. , Well, I am only a coal digger
myself,, and I seem somewhat out of
my, element when handling a. pen.
but it' pleases me to have thevopportunity to _ express* my thoughts thro-
the columns'of our own paper. .* But
it seems very strange to me tbat Uie
.labor leaders,'' men who 'have move
time and more accustomed to using
the" pen,' and no'doubt, better educated iri the movement. that what I am.
do not," express their thoughts in the
same-light as our; union* - digger. Tt
is'possible^ that'our labor leaders tray
see* some disadvantage of which we
are 7ignorant,if all,,our agreements
terminate at, one and the same time:*
BORN
Mathison, at HoBmer, B. C„ Sundny,
Juno SDtli, to tho wlfo of Archlo Mu-
■ thlcson, formerly of Fornio, a (laughtor.
' MIKE   PURCELL  IN  TOWN
*>' Mr. M. Pnrrell, of Montana, International Hoard .Member, rencho-l uiwn
on TueBdny and roport. that tho conl
mlnos of thnt portion of the fltate
which supply tho Oroat Northern Hnll-
wny aro only working about threo
days a week.
On liln wny buck, via Lothbrldgo, tho
outlook for it phcnnmetiAl crop of grnln
Is pmctlnilly fiHmiro.d, nud Hint tho
tho l(iHf rnin .itorin cnmo voi')" opportunely, In fact, the downpour wnH
ao heavy that In the vicinity of Bliclhy
y,.-r,rltr-„      ...iff. •       .  -.        . « ..II        .    1 1
v/nfl  rnmdrternl _v  delnvert  revl-n"     to
floadB
But I would-like,10 know,- and I am
sure there .are others  in  the' same
mind-as'myself,  who .would like  to
know, what the advantages and disadvantages of such a move would menn
to our interests as workers; It is an
open question. '  In my opinion we see
very, clearly tho fallacies of our present system, but as   we are often told
we see the bad and "not the good, It
Is the good that we are groping for,
- Wo had, a strike about two, yenrs ago
in  District  18,  and  the  chief point
which caused .he strike was a closed
shop.     Now,'that to my way of'thlnk-
ing means, that practically every man
Working in and about the mines shall
bo ln tbe miners' union.     That Is
good'so far aa It goes, but there area
good, many things needed in our organization before we are perfected and
a few of them I wish to mako known.
Does lt noo seem a very Inconsistent
method  when  fighting for a, closed
shop,to allow a clause In our agreement stating that -wo shall'hnvo no
jurisdiction  over a certain* class of
mlno workers?     I will now lot thnt
pass as II only proves our Indiscretion,    Well, our union digger tells us
thnt wo nro disunited, nnd, oxpl'alns
tho fact vory clearly, for our brothers
who nro giving us their dollars, nnd
cents,lo keep ub on striko nro nt tho
eiirno tlmo supplying tho coal kings
with tho very commodity we "ore trying   to keop from Ihem ln this struggle nnd thereby helping tlio forporn*
tion lo bent us,     Now, my views as
regards nil our ngroomonts expiring nt
ono and tho Hnmo tlmo nro clcurly In
Uno with n number of other fcllo.v-
woi'kern.  ■ It would bo n boon to lho
mining indimtry on this eonllnenl.   Ab
It Ib nt  the present time, with our
agreements finishing nt vnrlous times,
It miiROfl a flood of lnbor from ono
district lo nnotlior, nnd yon nco union
mon competing ono ngalnnl tho other
und when tho I.obhch boo that thoro
Ib a HiirplttH of men linrit'np. John they
lnko on nn allltuilo of Independence
and  If you mnko a Might, break nt
your work you  hnvo lo got out ns
your brother 1p waiting for a Job with
a union card In hU pockot, but thnt I«
only ono Item.     In tho timo of n
Btrlko It Is not Infraquont for our labor Ipfidrra to romo nrouni*. nnd toll
nil lho single mon, ff It In poBslblo for
The.; District . Ledger from whom,* I
don't Imow.'its-date*.being_May 27th,
1911. <*•<* Anyway^.-who'ever it1 "was'7 I
thank them;', because in' that copy I
found much'expression of my own reflections—"as-far/as my mind and'understanding to grasp—in^ all that pon-
cerns labors"'welfare. , I am a'.labor
unlonlst'sinc'e the'days that men spoke
of their unions in whispers. When
to speak of it meant a warning; to1 advocate Its principles ,of ' right^- the
sack; to declaim'it in the'market place
—a crime. Therefore,' the contents of
The District* Ledger,appealed to me,
who read Judge Thomas Q. 6.' Sullivan's obiter dictum "That'low wages'is
one of the'causes of crime," and agree
with him,' because of'long years of observation; "Good 'education and "low
wages will hot "mix in the" ' natural
body, existing' a dot above the border
line of starvation; the educated mind
revolts against poverty., '•'*■■■-!■ '*'. -'
The intricacies "of. howv to' stay,, the
octopuses 'of 'labor from grasping'the
wealth given up ;* under " compulsory
laws and conditions ".framed by the
few not'" thc people, • and "strangles,
mainly supobrted by* the force of arms
in the' hands"of- the peoples* children,
Thus the people,' owing to circumstance's, ,7give "their sons to-protect the
sweaters against' their sweated, brethren and /parents—this has to be
straightened-,put. -'"'    •■     , j
"'Judge Sullivan is' right—"Let t in
more light_an'*the dark spots of life"—
In- the slums "created by the .greed of
labors'-vampires. Low wages.*and
insolent wealth 'make' prostitutes, of
labors' daughters; therefore does" labor * not. only- toil like a blind .fool,
shackled every, "limb by' the" laws of
society, called .'civilization,, but even
that produced of his body is taken^arid
fouled-and bruised by the beast whom!
labors' sons'/protect-by Srms'in vindication of the l^w—at the point of;the
bayonet heldTby" ypurHoris. *.' This"' is'
no new; thing;' it's been so world without end.';* Yet "we know it is not right'.
Labor endures;? our instinct tells'1 us
something-.is, wrpng. somehow,'1' -yet we
go; through; the [centuries, moiling and
Toiling"to lre^b^^"^na~soul together
'Judge Sullivan Is'right! y 'a r?~ • -'
7 ' ' **"" Yours' faithfully* "ijyy '7
.:     '-C     ;""  *■"*'"""' •', -' GEO.nriKE.
•.^   "\ ' ;* , . CHALLENGE- "',*..,-7";; 7,
/,*'■.    ' '•'/'. ;,'Michel, B. C."3
To the Editor, District Ledger:"— ._'-7**'
Dear Sir,—Having heard that Billy
Marsh, of Coal' Creek,.- Is "J willing to*
shoot * a'galhst \ me, in * q.* clay pigeon
match, I will-accept the same on the
following conditions:     Birds 'to'-'be
thrown' high or low and*in any direction, either'** from'the shooter or to-,
wards him; according 'to the convenience of the trapper.  -JThe gun to.be
on a table until the .bird .rises., He
to provide five traps .for me, and .1
to provide the same "number for- him,
and ALL to be used. , A,neutral'referee, to be .chosen.    ,(The stakes, to
be not l'esV.than $2_0'(Two Hundred
Dollars) or as much more as he likes.
Match to take place oh July 8th.,
Now, Billy, come to ^lichel on Tuesday and Twill pay; half expenses, and
fix , up, 'the,, match .as.it is" a case'1, of
put,up of shut up!,../,,    . -.,  -«>   , v .
,   .;    .'■"    . ......Yours truly,-,  '•   .t -,,
\-,   t    ;■; _     * "W. S.* BRANCH.
- .... ...   .   „.-,.. i... v ■  /M^-iv^''' -"'-'■' '"^
Oiu; windows jreflebt so^"e"'ortH6-,extr«h;:
■""-; oMffiaKy Talii®' iMw *l^iiiff?6Hlerexi'^":"'L* {'• >"-*?>-:",
:!..<,>* 7 ■•■ ■- 7-^ -'■_■■ *-ys •■>*,-, * -.  -Ki-:-...-«■-•° *. „■},-*.-   yy.'i >'*-ifi
Yy {'i{';p^yO\iYi{WXim :.: > J.   '
: Y >.,r::: - *^Eeg::;; $8^ 50'i - "9 J50)? i'6.'5tJ.-:' '/• t._ / -;
'*  *'-*,-"-;'    ''*•■/■-  " . •7--^'--:.' *-*~* •' -' •-* *-■-,*-.*;'-.--'*,-'   ■-.->--">.' ..tv;-.,:'-*•:'- /'.-' -
''~ ■>-.YY\^S^
The Grows Nest Trading?Co;, Ltd.-
"    ,,-.--.     "..*•' Michel, B. C,
*. .Z*''   *   ..',-"., '" V June ,'27th)(11911..
To- the ^Editor, District Ledger:—'
'MICHEL    vs.  ,CORBiN   -MATCH—
. .'•..;.- '. .RIFJ-E  SHOOTING,, ,,',**.
Dear Sir,—Permit us to use. the col-
". , ■;; ;-. - ■ ju,
urns * of your valuable paper to* congratulate the Capt of Jthe Michel boys
upon" the very able manner in which
he paired hitmen, and>also.the magnificent'contest** he put up against the
redoubtable Doctor-' Gladwin ' in the
struggle" for supremacy;. '"•,'!'. 7
** -;It "was a match that was* well worth
walkihg^miles'to witness', aV first one'
gun artist made a bull's-dye tb .'be retaliated wlth'by another,' and when finally it simmered down to the two captains' as"* to which side 'should,' carry
off-the' honors for" the',100'"yards,, old
Bill rose to "the occasion like' a Bisley
expert^ making Jthe welkin-' ring^as he
scored a "'"glad-win"'by' two" points
over*, his; worthy foe' (the Doctor), by
_'-i    -.   '_-_,q_,___-   .-__  ._.--___   '•'... __'_.i^__: .-I', _•_ J,
l.yr., r'Syi'     y^"yy >Y/y .y-
1
4
i
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t
4
I
1
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<
I-
it.
■>;■
..- ■.' Clearing but-lines of standard- hakes, Cprsets that .
"' are full value at the regulariprices.v'"But.tb effect1'-'
a* complete sale ve have marked the1 entire lot at' a, v
price.that positively/riieans a'clean sweep.    ,: "■; ;.
' '.   ,   .  95c. for any Corset in the loij j i-  , v.
"     _- a   ••••;'•        ' -i, i       "    ."i.t',1'..'.''   i "i i'i *"•'.!_.>.   1.'-.     .'       *       '    ■"     V
;.-! ;' They include values up to, $2.00, and all sizes ivoia <■
-■ 19, to 28."' .This is certainly- a rare' opportunity,"* sb*
don ."delay as the quantity' is limited.K 7,_ !'1.' .* '
"Another matter covered by us In
connection with mon losing' tlmo owing to lack of material I would like
to draw your nttentlon to tho fact, Mr
Chnlrmnn, that wo have a clnuso In
the agreement whoroby employees
thnt loso tlmo nro subject to the penalty .of dJschm-go for losing time on
their own account, mid-If such n law
should oporato ngninst tho employeo,
wo bollovo It ls only fair thnt similar
condition should bo Imposed on tho
(-ompnnlcH. Wo nro of lho opinion
(hut If n man loses timo through Inck
of mntfii'Inls ho should to Home extent bo compensated for tho tlmo lost,
nnd on the othor hnnd Hint lho com-
pnnlcs working undor 'thnt pennlty
would nt tempt ns fur tm possible to
remedy tho oxlstlng* condition of affairs, which resultk In loss of tlmo ta
iho men.   Wo bollovo, further, Ihnt tho
ndopt lon of euch u cIiuiho.Ih llio agreement  would even cllmlnnto somo of
tho dlHcrlmlnnllon Hint hns been com-
plained of  from  tlmo to tlmo.   Anothor mnlior which wo lmvo Inkon
up nnd mndo npcelul roforonco to Is
tho f|Mc«tloii of working sovrm dnys
In the week, particularly on Hiindnyn.
WomIo not ironHldi-r-Unit  nny  num
Hhould ho culled upon to put  In Uu*
wholo of his tlmn at   hi* work,   In
thnt pnrllculnr case,, nnd I mny Rlty
li l« n custom -"surl'-d out p-NwU'-nlly
ox-r-r tlio whol." of tlu* •"■onMnpr.l, "-""
nro nuking tbnt thono who nro comiiell-*
ed to worlc on -HundnyK shnll bn com-
rirnsnted  tipoir n  regular srnlo rifto
for Kt-'h work, nil Iho rihiio wc nlp-i
ask thnt Sunday work ihnll bo averted thom, to got out, ond then It will not
t* Ml *■*■*! r „      I ,    ,IM(      .-, I t,r..t    r r\    w.irl.       '!<» .,*    I.,    tl.ri*   ?_     til. 1,
oibor  pnl-rtt   wo Xxnvi* to  rXrt\*tt nXirn-\nti\nvfh tn mnt'.t* -no-n-Mnl-nfl *ffl«"n t>m\\ .
tion to In connection wllh the general1'And then wo striko for n closed Bhop,
For Sale
22 Acres Fruitland
at Elkmouth
Partly clenred Awl rendy tor
planting out. Good sfrenin
of pure wnter on property.
Easy tcrmi*. Address A.J. It-
District Ledger, Feniic, U.G.,
for iwrticulnrx.
provisions, nnd thnt In In connection
with tho coko oven men. In tlto evidence Rlvon nt  Pernio nnd nt Cole-
X rnin It ■n*-.**. rt rn *n ■ n tn vnixr nltonllnn
wiih rimanl to (ho dliadvantago undor
whlrh those particular men arte* called
upon to work.
"Wo have tried to bring In claused
that would to somo extent eliminate
the grievance*-! that thei men have and
we Vmve aUo i.u«g*i>*Te<*t *ome «H«*ra«
tlonm ln the rate* paid to them. In
making a mm purl ton o( tbe ratea
paid on roko oven work in Dlitrlct 18
and the Mie* jadd In Wethlngtos, I
may *ay tli-^r** It h'fonafderaW* difference, and even with tbo advance*
w« hat _  #afir«*»t*f*l ihtmei difference*
ar*j ei\\\ lAmoly »|.|ai«fut.     tln«r« l* tlaottdb U'-toitly a r_ofi»,
one particular data of work In thi*
After wo lmvo pnld our due* nnd aa-
seanmcntH to keop other* on atrlko wo
nro lold hy our* londors to go and
fnmwttft n*".1nsf   nnr  tirnMiprn    fnr  (t
cannot mean uuyf,hing elto, mon who
are tending money and provisions to
help u* and tending coal and coko to
the barons to beat un, and moreover! It
It leaving a great opening nnd jilayinut
into tbe hands of the matter* aa It
win in— Well, tm* la all for thc
preaent. I am hoping thla will he Alt-
cuued without prejudice in all our
locale ao that at the next convention
we will hav-r* awn eapaWe of tho**lng
our leader* that ihe worker* have atart
ed thinking about lomcthlng that will
be of inter-Mt in their atrugftie, at-
ANOTHER DIGGF.n
out of the pittance which is given"' us
by those to-whom "we render the
wealthvrof"o~ur:^abor—extracted' from
the ever-bountlfjjl and free-given womb
of the earth. ■ Servitude Isas evident
today.'as in the days of centuries past.
Call it by wliat, name' you will, it is
still with'us. lt exists'on the borderlines of-starvation;'always hungry;
roughly clad;'living or dwelling In an
atmosphere' from' which labor, tyrants
remove themselves to larger houses,
broader roads, greater light, clearer
nlr—dusty roads well watered, the
p'athB lined with . spreading trees;
whilst labor bides' away in tho shadows of narrow* street's, dingy house's,
lll-llghted,' Ill-swept, rarely watered
roads—thus your shnro, because you
labor.
Something * Is ' wrong somewhere—
somehow. Do you nsk for hotter conditions It'is cloled out to you as charity
—not a riglit.' Do you' demand it
your sons Voir arms against you, tho
wlillo the "men' you enrich tako your
daughters to nppoaso thoir lust' and
laugh' nt you, tho millions. So tho In-
solenco of wealth and power given tip-
to thom—by you, tho millions I Your
sons nro trained In nrms ngninst you;
commnnded by the noua of your, oppressors—who count by the tliounsnds,
Would n forest of apes stand domination by a basketful of monkeys? Ghosh
not, Yot mlllloiiH of mon stand op-
preHHlon by "the, thousands. Something wrong somehow.
Judgo Stilllvnn Is right, "Low wngos
cnuso crime." A crlmo exists only In
thnt which Is ngninst Iho commonweal,
therefore, though tho thousands dally
cmninlt, crlm-*. against lho well bolng of (ho millions, yet (hoy nro pro-
loci ed by Bflf-mndo laws, II Is n
.crlmo to ntoiil to nppcaBo liungor*—It's
btiHlncsH, juntlflod In law, to rob tho
nation; lho Hiommndii mav, undor tlio
liroiot'llon of llio law. rob lhe millions,
Tlio inllllonH n*. fools, thoy hiing lho
Imltor of oppression nbout their nock*;
I Ley build the leiniik-a of pmycr that
Iho thoiisnndfi with tho gold of the
mlHIum-* mny through the Intorv^ntlon
or holy men, or profeHHors of religion,
obtnin unction for their souls,
The poor nood not their help, without prof'-tH-ior's pnld n*fnl snlnry, or,
ns thoy prefer to nnmo It—atlpend;
nHHlHianco tho gront Qod knows they
rifii it   'i-*,1  fri-tr**-..*..! llinl   in tXin ml llinn.'*
which, nn doubt, will l>« danind the
fhouminda. Yot I sometimes wonder
will the good (Iod forgive tho millions
who hy their conllnuod folly of self
oppression, by permitting other to op-
nrr-w tt-r.rn *rb(* mlllfntiii ^l»rt the
rcpr<-!J''Mu(lv4-a of (he Senate and laws
made In tho Interest oi the million* *r%
(llv.*rt__ to the benefit and purposo* of
(hose who can pay for IU luxury. Jua-
tlvo is a luxury, not ft right The
thotiuindM can obtain Justice, not «o
tv** mmion«, who pant along, taking no
hf*ed why they *«ff*»r, ret toll. Whr
do thoy stand such Injutilc-* tra* answered by a friend of mine thilt they.
tbe mllliona, hid *a*ly Urae to think
about -ontlnuotttly g-Mllnm bread.
Whon will they awake (o action—to
tun &«_.!« the tyranny under whleh
•.Uy lw*? why «tl«tln« mill*K)«» ot
foots fo toll and accept • small pit-
^coring*33*6ut**of'a"T)ossibIe*'357_gtv'in"g
him two points^th'e advaiitage.' ,' ''"_'"'.'
J'Let me.say-to the boys.."you "have
a cracker jack of a captain*, and" if .you
will only, .'follow his advice' the" team,
will greatly profit thereby." : '*   ' ' '-*
The Michel captain ■ realized * from
the start that lack .of-practice handicapped his team, at.the 200 yards, for
theydo.'not possess a-range and have
never fired 'a shot at that' distance.
Bill Branch and his team thanked the
Corbin boys for the" royal treatment
they received, _md the affair was onjoyod by* everybody who> witnessed it
as sportsmanlike conduct' characterized tho whole proceedings,' ;
Thanking you for the courtesy, *'   '
,      '    , I am, yours, etc.,
'    .    '. "'   SURE SHOT
Michel, B. C„
June 28th, 1911.'
To tho Editor,. District Ledgers-
Dear Sir,—Will you kindly allow mo
a littlo space to reply, nt the request of
"Pornlo Minor" to his letter ro Support of Families In tho Old Country,
which nppbnrod in .your last Issue.'
For my pnrt, I hardly deem a roply
necessary, howovor, lost ho qhouM
think I wish to ovado the quostion, 1
will try to answer hlm In a satlsfac- j
4
<
I
*,    .*-•**..">._ '■*■_•■>■_'.'-"*'   ij»~"    *     \,   *..-"" vi ri-t: !■•■ -j'i..i ,-■
- ;;In plain and crepe Jap Silk .also; in Cotton .Crepe,',.,
'very handsome"Persian and Japanese designs, made
* with low'necks, strapped^ with-Persian7 stripes' or
'"plain Ribbon' effects. \'A"*7 splendid' assortment jof
.,; medium dark "and.;dainty, liglit."colorings. " ''(Prices',
from $2.25 to$i2.50 for full,dress length.*. "Dressing*.
Jackets $r.25-"each.7--,;*\. iy-. -y  •  »;-•' :■.-,>• *. ■ yyy ■
-r
-   made from serviceable Crc*am"Ncts,!'nicely .tucked
tucked .and-trimmed;    Silk-;lined;.-a*"very dressy-,
AYaist-for $3.75. '-Sizes'*:34; to'44 busts* '- ^!--" '.
, *.*       , ■*-
' :.See our'Special;Line"of Lisle'-Hose'.for this'Sveek,-
n '.. ■'-'■-'..'._■ '.:'_|nV_->A ■>.')'.   »   'f  -'.._--ll *. ':,'. '■■■?*-"**-.      :■■*'   ■-   '...*'■•'•'•'
7,,'o-yaUs-iui-ai_;uurTTc«)!>uim_u.-uui.__b..--**- *-* » --_;- ^*^r
(      • r.-.'.'-*-,• ',!<"■. ■-■■•'-      ,'■   ■ ■ :- "r--.   "--.•;.*7":,'*•'-   ■• ,
hi1:
•  ,-*.
From July 17,to 21, you may have .he advantage *
of free consultation "on what* :is .best* 'foB'.you' An. ■
Corsets   by   Miss Doughty,'expert cors'etaire tor
"W. B." Corsets.    If you. have haddisiiijultyin'.
getting proper comfort.frbm:your corsets don't miss '*
this opportunity of securing the.right" T^idell   No
charge for.fitting.'       ,*  -     *-i     , »   ■'■   „'
i*-
:
>
I
1
i.
.1
■>'■
>
-r.
TRITES-WOOD GO.
t i '   " .    \ t
Limited   '
>v«»v«»y«»v<»v<
tion I would advise you to enquire at
the'next general* mooting of your local
union.i In conclusion' I .would say
when "Fernio Miner" hns soon that lt
tory mnnnor.   I hope anything I may I" So«l  <<> ns,t hlmsolf why ho nd-
«ay will bo received In tho samo good
fooling nB It Is glvon. Woll, "Fornio
minor,'" 11 nm nfrnld you havo not
caught tho true spirit of unionism,
You say you are asking only for tho
rights for which you pnld whon working Now, honestly spenking, aro you
not receiving-n very big Intorcst, on
your tuvoKtm<mt8? A littlo Hliuplo arithmetic would bo vory bonoflclnl to
you * Further, you scorn to havo tho
Idea that the sole purpoHo of n union
Is for tho giving of monolary relief lo
strikers My denr sir, you nro laboring under n misapprehension If you
think a tindo union ln a charity Infill*
tullon Continuing, yoti sny you nro
receiving .for tho support of your
fnmlly In lho old country $12 per
month, wlillo tho membors with tho
name number In fnmlly In UiIh country In bolng pnld $1(1 per month Now,
"Fornio Minor," does thnt need nny
oxplnnntlon? Just quostion yoursolf
it ljltlo. Do tho snme conditions ns
nro In oxlstenco In Iho old country
provnll hero?    Is not tho cost ot liv-
tn. Xinrn itntttdx XtiirXxt**, Miit*, Iti lltin ixXrX
country? In nn*. the purchnslng pow-
of %Vi much greater ovor thoro than
rtght horo In tho Crow's NoBt Pnss?
My friend, If you wero bottor acquaint,
ed with the commercial sldo of lifo
yoo wonlrt -not enidt***" thi* fnmlllMi hern
the oxlra $4. I could quote wholesale and retail prlres of almoet any
commodity, for beforo coming (o Can*
ada two years ago, I spout sovoral
years In that line. Why do you harp
on the la/fo^dues you pay and the lit**
ll*-, r-ullijf yon rwnlvo? My frlond,
had it been a c. e*t!on of relief with
our fathers, had they placed stomach
before principle, whore would we have
be-MJ te-dsy? W« who, "Inherit rights
that cost our sires their blond r
Now, Pernio Miner, 1 hopo I have
made myself clear, and if you do not
ILtMroufchW untitouUnii what, ato lhe
hopes and the alms of our orjraniu-
mlros or condemns ii thing boforo do
elding about lt, ho has learned the nl-
phabot of criticism. This ts tho beginning of tho gospol o*k.criticism:
not, "Do I llko or do I _lctest such a
thing?'; but "Why do I liko .nnd why
do I dutest?' Thanking you, Mr. Editor, 1 nfmnln,
Yours vory truly,
"BRIAR HOLME,"
FOOTBALL'
Thistle vs, Rose
An Inlornnllonal footbnll match between tho two old rivals, Scotland nnd
J'Jngland.'was plnyod on Tubudny 20th,
Tho teams wero — Scotlnnd: Mills.
Wardrop, Cllmlo, Stool, Swoeuoy, Mo-
Cormnck, O Jolsln, McCallum, P Jolsln,
nnd Ilnrr; England: Androws, Parnell,
Dodds, Tlnlcy, Hilton, Smith, Sharp,
Pllklngton, Mnnnlng, Aalicroft, HnrU
woll.    Roforoo: Paddy Huaho3.
England won tho toas and elected to
defend tho south end goal. McCallum Whod oft for SooMnnrt with n
pnss to Ilnrr, who trlckod two players
and then pasted to P. Jolsln who apod
down tho field boating opponent afler
opponent among tbem being his old
club mnto Parnell and centred tho
bnll beautifully to McCallum whose
parting shot missed the post hy Inchos. On the kick off from goal
Scotland wero soon In possession
again nnd O. Jolsln raised a laugh
among (bo spectators and alao the
Ire of the _n__Ush aide who began
to um name dirty play, Parnotl especially being the, worst sinner. Haw-
...ver, Su-iUmi <uu luvlui; alt the play
and should have been leading by 8
roal*, but eventually narfmshed tbe
ball throngh and Scotland were one
Ht**, Half-time was tailed soon after
and Stotlstid was leading ly 1 lo *,
At half time fl.oHitnJ'8 mtiomi music was Introduced br Piper Hardy
j
!
toi tho dlscomflturb of tho English
Bide, who scorned to feol that* tlio bng-
plpo-j-were* played to complete tho
rout, but of courso tho Sqottlsh-sldo
woro naturally elatod nl, tho sound of
tliolr homolnnd music. Tho gamo wan.
■atoned to tho music and Scotlnnd
wore Boon pi-osslng the ■English' dofonco, who kicked the ball anywhere.
Tho tricky play of Jolaln brothers ami
Ilnrr liclng vory.-flno nncl ■ .Parnoll
found tlmt*--.. oto Jolsln nnd Ihirr woro.
moro thnn n mutch for* hlm, nny feeble-
attempt of the Knglloh forwards being bottled up hy'Swoonoy rind .Slcol.,
Eventually McCormnck scored a lovely
gonl to tho dollght. of tho Stnndltos, '
Tho gnmo finished hooii nfier by
Doilda bursting tho ball, to tho relief
of tho I-higllBh players, who woro novor
In the plcluro, hut, mention muat bo
mado of tho .Jolsln brothum, Hnn* ond
Sweeny, who trlckod their opponents
time and again, their passing to ono*
another holm*, a trcnt to watch,
AMJANACll   ,.
Here it is, Waiting for 0
I.08T
On Thursday botween Suddaby'*
Drug Store and Pellat Avenue Bast,
vfit P. O. and City Hull, a brooch, circular In shape, outer rim of Scotch
pebbl«3. bloodstone and agate, centre
silver thistle, ameth)s| forming flower..
Finder please retnrn snme to Miss
Daniels, eo, Wilkes" Hoarding Hon**,
Pellat Ave.    - 40-t.f,
■in
,   \VANTlCD-_3enernl Sorvnnt;  must
bo good cook; best wages; roforonoe*.
romilrpil     Mi-lr-PR.!—Mm    .T.   A    Tnt*.
noy, Baynes lAko, Ii. C. St*n,r.
yx'AVTPT>~nfrl, for gunum! htmio-
wofte.    Apply Mrs. H. W. Merchraer.
"~>w.'r>.--+<~r*t. -"-■*--

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