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The District Ledger May 13, 1911

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■?; ;5*5;The Offibial-Organ of District Np. 18. U. M. W^/of A
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Political; Unity iij Strength .
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Manager Wilson
Mahes: Statement
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-.- Mr.' WILSON;* I have here, Mr.' Chairman, a very unpleasant, duty-devolv-
, Ing upon me. ** I.have come here a perfect stranger to* a large number of these
men;'to .'find'these peculiar conditions? and naturally so, in manyfl respects.-
I make that admission! gentlemen, toyou; but .there;'are many of these little
things that,we hope, Mr. Chairman^ to be able to. relieve as'time goes on.
That is the, men's ^lde'of the question. Jl have"come here with the intention
- of-playing fair and to be honorable/candid and-just with you; and I want to
feel'that you are'.all prepared to do the'same" wlth'me. -Unlessyou do that
we'will fight;'' I don't'want that.. ~ I-want to'be reasonable, consistent and
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•'   On-the othe*_ side of the question; 'Mr. Chairman, are" the operators.   ,1
; find here "a "state of things that isvvery,;very" serious", y I am going to confine
my remarks, to the coal department of the operators,- and to all labor under
dlecusion in connection with the coal mined by t&e company at'the Coal .Creek
mine separately, and *an-aggregate statement showing that the average cost, of
' all the coal produced at' the Coal Creek mines for the last two years was $2.29
,-a^ton.-while the average-selling price was only $2.28.'.. Our accountant has
.gone over all these details,-and, every statement pertaining and alluding to this
' abstract is open*to your inspection, Mr. Chairman, in company wlth.two'mem-
bers "(rf this Board,'Mr. McLeod and Mr. Carter."  * Our accountant; will come'
before'you, Mi*.-'Chairman,'.and make an affidavit as to the correctness of these
statements tbat I now put ln. ■    "'      ;-•:■'**",,■ ■   . ■} '
-In bringing this before your attention, I recognize this fact, that labor is-'en-
,-, titled to tho fullest consideration of alljust men. , We all agree on Uiafpolnt,
aiid I fully agree with every man in'this room with the justice of that." but
labor'cannot' be paid unless it comes out ofearnings. and that Is UTe'second
• question, for consideration.     I-know'that'the'best thing/,for all "concerned,
and ,all~interests"involved in this'serious question,'* is_that we should get toge-
'ther liko reasonable men and see if a  different condition of -affairs 'cannot be
' brought-about out'of thisIcrisls. .XI JEim willing to(do*a.il in'my'power, and I
' hope that every man'present here"'will believe'me to be sincere'In niy' expressions. -1' I -havei no 'idea or intention of misrepresenting; it* isinot'in.my make1
"up: * I have come here to live amongst, you, and.,wl-lvdo,thevery best I can to
. give you all tbirig-in my power.to make ..this cc-mmunity satisfied /and prosper-
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v' -1 present" yon with this .statement, .Mr. Chairman, and our accountant vill
7testify. upon _t. *"Thls.shows the.statement^in*regard,to ttf'Wdjvidual mines,
..a'nd.this .tiowsithe-t6talJsesulte.7*^be^details;rfn
■Will"be* exposed to" 'y(>rseif and* to'Mr. Carter.1 if you "desire us to do so.   ', - * -*
ii&Wiil'. I*-**'    *>»• -I.
.   r   ---.
. '-.' \ y . ,'"LATE8T,v-7„ -*■<-**>; _
-Board adjourned—No'declslon,arrived at. - To' mcetagaln at call bf Chalr-
Most Successful Year in
Company's History ;
jSays President V
,   TORONTO. March 11.—BliftB Uorcis
i ' >
presided at the annual meeting of tho
'. Crow's Nost Pass Coal Co. "A' dividend
of one per cent, the third since last
August, was passed,
Tho president stated that ,when nn-
alylzed tho report was tho best ln the
history of the company with an lu-
, spiring outlook,,
Tho company's payrolll last year aggregated nearly $2,500,000 expended in
wages. Tho profit for tho yoar was
Tho board of directors waaoloptod
as follows. BIlaB Rogers, prosldont;
B. C, Whltnoy, vlco-prosldonti H.'M.
Glvorn, hon, * prosldont; Dr, Howland,
J. 6. Graves, W. H. Robinson and Col,
Monotary Timos of March 25th, says
In pnrt:
"A dividend of ono por cent will bo
paid to tho ehnrohoUlors of tho Cfow'B
Nost Puss Coal Company Limited, This
■.van tho announcement mado nt tho
rocont annual motlng of tho company.
For this dlvldond $02,120 wnn appro*
printed. This Is tho third declaration
within tlio pant twolvo months^the former payments bolng mndo in August
nnd Novombor, Tho annunl roport
showed thnt tho company had mndo
not profits for tho yenr ended Docombor 31, 1010, $178,025, or loss ,thnn 3
por cont of the* cnpltnl, nnd hnd paid
out 2 por cont In dlvldonilR, > Tho totnl
amount of coal mined was 1,209.702
tons, nnd tho nmount of coko manufactured 104-11)8 tons. Tho conl mlnotl
wns an* increase of S10JIT tons ovur
iho previous yenr.
Tho total profits mado on tho coal
ami coko w.b■ $83,800, or loss thnn
nevon cents a ton. Of tho remainder
of tho prollm, JlME-4 t-nme from necu-
rltlos owned nnd $77,000 from salon of
Innd, tlmbor nnd othor sources. Accordingly thn profits from conl, nnd
coko production nlono would ylold a
dlvldond of only nbout 1,3 por cent on
thc cnpltnl."
fore work begins and supply plans and
specifications on course to be pursued
In" connection with same.' 7       , ,..'
The mayor Btated that- he had' called
for a special holiday on .Tuesday, May
i*        . ** .-■ ,   ,
16th, to be known as Arbor Day. when
.V '     ' <r* .'
a thorough clean up of city-is expected
on the part, of' all good citizens. '<,,
The following committee was ap-
polnted'to confer with Board of Trade
to arrange details of same: Aldermen
Graham; Robichaud and Mclntyre, to-
*'f i -  , *■ ' _ _ ** * i
gother with Mayor Blenadell.
May 11—- Regular mooting, at which
all wero present except Pobllanclk,
Minutes of special mooting - were
rend and confirmed. <
Lottor was rocolvod. from Mr..Eckstein with reference'' to City having
propor officials as motter rendor, and
fliiggoBtlng tlm tsnld offlolnl oarry somo
kind of credentials to assist ln tho
prevention of thloves or sharpers gaining ohtranco to citizen's houses. - Tho
mnttor wll] bo attondod'to and tho
man appointed will carry orodontfftls
as suggested. *
Lotter recolvod from Dr. \VrlBleB*
worth and W, A. Ingram ro Pornlo In*
tormodlnto Dnsoball Team, asking tor
n Btnnl donation to holp defray cont of
uniforms, nnd othor oxponaos. *It wns
ordorod filed.
Lottor from Mr, John Drown M.1D,
suggesting nltoration to powor houso
which will bo cnrrlod out.
Tlto council votod Mnyor nionsdoll a
Bnlary of $1200 for tho year.
Flro Chlof McDougnH resigned nnd
tho council will now hnvo to look for
anothor chief to roplnco hlm.
Thn nccountn wero prutsod nn wnn
nlso nn ofltlmnto on nnnltnry sowors by
Mr. John J. Wood, of $1020.28.
„ City Clork Rnrolny wns Mkod to
wrlto tho Hon. Robh M.P.P., veprosont-
lug tho riding to bring boforo tho provincial govornmont tho question of tho
V\X' TMvim* bnt*.V wlitr-h ii_1-*»«a «ftWo-
thin***: Is donn, Is In dnnger of bolng
cnrrlod nwny by tho high wntor In tho
floqd sonnon.
Jlnice's Holer Rink will bo running
•full Wnnt flnturdnv nicht. Oen*'« 2Rc
IndlOB 16.
On Monday ft spoclnl meeting to
decide on breaking np pow« houi* In
certain plne*»a nnd executing necuMnry
Motion wn * paused thnt an exp-Mt*
oared englne-tir looks into maU-or l».
'"Tho hopo, for humanity undor So-
clullBin consists in tho fnct thnt thon,
for the flr«t tlmo, will tho physcholo-
glcnl Inltlnllvo of mnn bo freed front,
the deMroylng nnd cnmbinK wtAnht bt
economic conditions nnd material on-
vlrompnt. nnd will hence, in lt« turn
domlnnto humnn life. Of tho Incalculable magnitude of the revolution this
will Imply nono cnn doubt who hnvo
onco grnupcd llio mcnnlng of tho historic development of the pa .."—K.
UblCort Box.
.-, On Saturday morning the first meeting of the Board "ot Enquiry was held
in the Provincial Chambers and mark's
the first instance when these sessions
were open to the publicj but not'many
availed themselves of the, opportunity
doubtless because it was,generally
known that this meeting'was-.merely
preliminary, to the general djscussion.
It was decided that each1 party should
prepare a list of subjects to be brought
before the board,;these to deal more
particularly at'this time with matters
connected with the.conditions that'ob-
tain with the mines and mine workers
of the Crow's.-Nest Pass Coal .Co.-'-"
v, Vice-President Stubbs asked for.r_l-
lngvon the subject" regarding the" possibility of limiting the .scope*''of .the
enquiry exclusively to.those, questions'
that-, might be included'on, the ilst^ dr
If. subsequently '■ other items * were
brought forward would they be perpiitt--
ed'to present them, .       7       •.•■*.?
* To this Chairman Gordon replied
that-blo technicality .would-be permitted to prevent the Board from thoroughly '' ventilating - a]l . questions .arising
that were pertinent, to" the purposes of
the investigation.'-*, .    t     *-.*.-
Both parties to the controversy having been' requested by the Chairman
to be prepared to bring their witnesses
and evidence ;ori--Monday morning at
9>30;.i 7 y.j- ",r  --.,   •-  '-v     .'   ..
Adjournment .was declared' and. at
2 o'clock a"visit to the mines.was made
for tbe purpose of .examining some of
the interiors"of Coal Creek workings.
of-the5 Board,- officials ,'of District 18
*•.,   • r?   , * -    •
and also of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
Company, as .well.las, pltbosses-.and
members of .Gladstoney'-Ldcal'Visited
Coal'Creek^and went'into mines No.'I
south and.north;>No. 2, No.' 3,' and No.
5, which consumed-over-6 hours of hard
%york and .even then" they* did'not complete, their* examination of the'-'properties,'*' After they came out the en-,
Uro party were the guests of tha' Coal
Co. to an excellent repast in the Fairclough Boarding House to which ample
Justice was done by everyone, their axy
petltles being whetted to sharp edge
by tho exertions of the examination, ,-
-- Monday's session.of the' Conciliation-Board brought out" a large/audience of people to hear the taking
of evidence and to observe the manner • in which tho board conducted
i _ enquiry.  -.. "      • ' ', *    *,
Whon one of tho board, members
started ,.to probe* Into-the. mattor of
dims paid 'tq.,tho U. M. y$W. of A. by
its members, Vlce-Prouldent Stubbs
interjected with the remark that such
InqulBitlvonosB on the the part of the
operators might miike it necessary
.for them to enquire Into' the momborshlp foos nnd duos paid by the-mombors of tho OporatorsVAssociation
and to nscortnln, If ponslble whnt It
had cost tho Crow's Nost for*,vo-tn-
stftt-oment ln tho association aftor having loft lt. Tills brought out- emphatic wldc-nco of approval from tho
minors ln tho imdlenro, somo of thom
indulging ln hnnd dapping, Tho
chnlrman objocted, however, and order wns Immodlntoly rostorcd.
Thoro wns, howovor, to bo anothor
littlo diversion, and this happened
whon Mr. Stockott asked tho chairman thnt tho crowd which wns pressing ngalnut tho tablo wlioro tho oporators sat, bo roquofjtod   to   movo
furtho rbnclc ns thoy Intorforod with
tho dollborntlonn of his commlttooo,   <>
President Powoll nnld to tho mon.
"Como ovor horo; wo won't bo bothered by you."     Colin  Mnclood, for
tho oporntors, objected, to this, nnd
roquostod thnt tho room bo kept clonr
but Dr, Gordon thought thnt Mr. Powoll hnd only Indulged In'' a littlo
plonsnntry, but requested thnt ordor
bo mnlnUliiod,
Time  Lost Waiting' for Timber
Goorgo Linn, n witness cnllod for
tbo mine. MrnHfot-o   rttx'tx bt«  ■nvtrtoiiro
1n i'-mich nn intelligent nnd  strnlirht-
forwnrd ■ mnnnor tbnt   tho   chnlrmnn
expressed comploto satisfaction nnd
compllmonled iiim on samo.   Ho snld
ho worked nt Conl Crook mlnos for
five vcfin nnd hnd workod tn nil tbo
mines thoro oxpopt No. Vinnd old No.
3, nnd wan working In No. 1 south
when tho' mines cloaod down,     Ilo
wns pnld by dny work.     No prlro
hnd boon Bet on wido work,     Throe
dollnrs was pnld for tho work by the
day.     Hoi -oxplnlnod  thnt  tlmbcrlmt
wns moro 'difficult, nnd Hint tho failure to provido timber ns noodmt wiih
n tourco of gomer***! compJnlnt.    H"
hnd  mnde txwh  complalntn  hlmwlf.
Whilo working In No. S ho hnd lost
tlmo bocauso of Inck of tlmbor, xhH
loss probably nmountlng to three da**-*
t\ tnonlh,     Thr-jw* |irlc:*_-» were \mb>
for work in No. 1 north, 82^, 60 and 55
cents per ton. . In No. r south on' the
same seam,, the top seam^ work was
paid.for_atJ60.-*cents. The contract
called - for seveif InCh -timbers in No.
1 south,. but'\timberj much larger was
supplied and he^iiad to,, call in other
miners to help place them. He got
no extra pay'fbr this.' ^' Extra men
were generally company ,,'men and had
tojdo the"work.foi* each other." -.He
thought- a scale' price, for ' timbering
would;be better/ * Timber about ,8
inches In diam-ater'wastoo much for
two men to handle. \\.-,^ - ■■ -
.' To Mr. Stockett he; said two men
generally worked together. j , ,
, -■'-. '-      Rate's'"of Cogs ',   * ,.
"The building,"of.cogs.iji No. 0 mine,
was - explained "; and  the,, price'. paid,
wliich.ran from,$l to.$1.33 for,cogs
from*, four, to ,seven feet in height:
At old.,No. 9,"they ran from four'"to
six "feet in-height,' but he 'got'noth-
ing^extra for .it:*    The rates for, cogs
was the'same, now as five years "ago.
'"This.'matter-."had b°e-i  before",'the
company, frequently,     yha, object,,"of
thp long, wall work was io get out-all
the, coal' and '.by preserve tbe quality,
.-i'*-' !L-e time"'th'e agreeinent was made
No'.' 9, mine was hot working.' - Had
the mine been working on present long
wall system vthe* men would," not'have
accepted tKe'agTee'ment. '" ;   ",v  ,
\'Here . -Mr;_Srockettr'read   from.' the
company's'records to show-how^many
uf-ys Linii had worked during 19 LO. ".Tt
shoVed a total of i'*.'<! days at an-'rvvt;r-
age'of $4.'66 per'  day.   He__admite_L;to
the mine,workers that he had been favored .by the management on account
of- steady work. v .He had aimed, to
make as near, $5 a day as possible" and
could'.n'6X"keep;LJ£j_amily of ""six. children upon $3 a day. "        '-■'■'    -' yr -.-
'*    ,"     i Agreement Violated
,.*- .The examination of .Watts Goodwin
brought out the fact, that the manager
had refused   to change - from dny to
contract prices in- No.- 9 mine.   The
mine,'workers     contended   that'the
change of system from room to''long
waH'constltuted new work .'under the
terms of- the contract and that the refusal^, to .negotiate prices, for the new
conditions constituted a violation of
tbe agreement, and that tho men concluded to work.on.-,to the end of; t.ho
agreement   rather   than   have No.'9
closod  down.   The  witness  thought
thath. 20 mon were working in No.'9
mine under contrnct rates, notwlth-,
standing the manngemont had refused
to open-the   work to   nil -nien those
terms. ■ ' '
To,Mr, Stbckett Mr.,Shanks stated
thath ho had novor found day work
a profltnblo wny of mining.' Ho hnd
.put the, men on day work in No. 1
south bocauso It was opening work
To Mr. Carter, Mr, Shanks stated he
thought $1.35 a fair prlco for filling'an
olght foot:cog, although mon got that
prlco for four foot cogc. Ho thought
an olght foot cog could bo flllod In 20
- John Kent, a commute mnn to ox-
nmlra*. lntogrlovnncoB undor tho provisions , ot tho agreement had gono
mnny times to tho flro boss and to pit
bonaos In nn effort to got hotter prlcos
nnd conditions adjusted but could do
Average Wages
Mnnngor Wilson horo submitted tho
figures from the records to show that
tho avorago wngoB por tiny paid In
this mlno for tho yonr 1010 wns not
To ehalrmnn Gordon this witnoss
oxplnlnod thnt somo* of his lost tlmo
was owing to his hnvlng to return to
Fornio nftor going to tlio mlnos wlioro
ho would find no cars or no tlmbor.
To chairman Stockett's query of why
ho did not go on te work nnd pllo up
his cool till ho got a car ho ropliod
thnt In doing so ho would bo piling up
conl for tho mnn who followed him
Tt wnn whilo thin wltno«« wnn on tbo
stnnd thnt thn quostion of union duos
cnmo up, Mr Mnclood In looking ovor
tho ntatomont of Mr Cllmlo discovered
lint In ono month ho had boon churned
with ovor $6 In duos to tho union nnd
thought thnt n very honvy to* to pnv
for unionism. It developed Ihnt tills
honvy chnrgo wns tho rosult of losing
his mcmborfthlp ncrordlng to tho union
ruloii nnd ho hnd to bo reinstate'], tho
Inltntlon foo bolng $10,which ho wnH
allowed to pay In Installments,
Tb-t law>(;r lud li>t down tbo lnu*
nnd Vlce-prrsldont atubbs rnn In with
lldH wmnrk:"*. itr frlendH nr-ros.ii thn
room hnvlng sot tho «xnmplo of pry-
in-*. Into thn privato affair* of .ho
United Mine Worker*.. It might 1»-
romo iioco«Bnry   for this   ulldo of th<-
itnd what it had cost the,Crow-. Nest
Pass Coal Co.* to get back into the
flbsoeation after having "withdrawn."
This started audible applause and tbe
chairman had to 'interpose., serious
objections. .7     ~   '   "    '
At Tuesday's .meeting of the board
George Linn,"the man who gave such
good evidence on ' Monday produced
from his diary the number of days during the year'1910, that be was laid off.
This.'totalled 78'and of this 30 days
were lost, for want of railway cars" to
ship coal, from th.-3 mine.. , He lost a
day on , account' of gas, timber and
track-laying: Of this, lost time the
company was responsible fo. at least
GO'daysi*1 which' at.the rate of earnings
would mean aloss to him of $250,'but
he thought that,much more was coming to him'as a matter of justice'.
I Charles' Edgar said he had lost as
much as two days a week when he
would go tb Coal Creek to find that the
mine was, not working or that timber
or track laying was riot provided. Formerly lie had been allowed for laying
his own track but that was] now refused., ._   ,.-   , '■■ y,
•Mr. Wilfjon showed from, the records
of the ' ex-manager' that Edgar had
worked,during 1910,208 days out of a
possible' 255 days the mine worked;
this was1 a loss' of -47 days. Of this
he thought he had lost ten days by not
knowing the mine did not work.
" J. R. Roaf, engineer for the company
was sworn , and ^produced plans of
Nos. 1* and-2 mines, and explained his
reasonTfor ..stating^that No^-1—and—2-
,were different' seams. -
. t Manager Shanks explained that the"
price paid in No. 1 south, 55 cents, was
not;changed from the old agreement
because "thatt'niine did not v_orlc'at the
time the agTeement-'wa's * made. *' The'
statement'of wages ,earned in"'No.-. 1
since March,by the men working In No
1 south.was shown by a statement submitted by Chairman Stockett to be
an average qf $3.79, the highest-being
$5.95. ''■'*.'''
*'_'-.'_,--   Statement Questioned
This' statement "was questioned by
Mr." .Stubbs "and it" was ascertained
from tho evidence of William Lancaster, pit boss, In that mine, that there
were other men working-in the mino
and this -statement' Included only the
25 men working on the long wall part,
It did not show tho number of shifts
lost!. From this it wns evident thnt
nn nvorngo of wages enrned by nil mon
working-ln No. I south "could not bo
mndo from tho stntemont producod,
Men hnd boen coming nnd going In thnt
mine nnd Mr. Lnncnstor could not say
how many mon had workod there, Probably half tho men working wero make
up men and he hnd gono to tho chock-
wolghman to got tho tonnage those
men had mado.
Mr.« Lyons had nvornged $5 a dny
In this mlno for Mnrch. Lyons worked nlone on a fnoo 30 to 40 foot long
nnd did not hnvo to stop for tlmboring
moro thnn oho' dny in sovon. Mr.
Lnncnstor hnd earned $1 to $0 a dny
four yonrs ngo nt 50 conts n ton'. Ho
was now getting $4.75 ut tbo job of
pit boRs. Minors could oarn ns much
monoy now ns four years ngo but tho
earning powor wns a littlo loss on nccount of tho cost of living, Ho could
savo monoy on what ho was now gott-
Nick MIscIhco hnd workod for tho
company sovon yonrs nnd hnd workod
nt Conl Crock for tho Inst two yonrs.
Ho hnd worked Intoly In No, 5 mlno
nnd bad put cogs on top of 1(1 foot
posts, Thoso ho built tip of logging.
Somo of thoso cokh woro ono foot,
samo Iohh nnd somo morn In holght
Ho got nothing for thU, Ho did not
hnvo a sufficient supply of tlmbor and
hnd to go homo in Novombor nt least
olght Union boonuso of Inck of timber
nnd othor onuses. Ho hnd to get other diggers to holp him put up heavy
Mr, Wilson nbowod bv tbo rornrd'
thnt this mnn hnd workod Ifiil dnys In
1910, nt nn nvorngo of $3.50, but tho
.witness could not agroo with this, He
Hliowod somo of bis stntomrntN nnd for
ono month ho hnd roovolvod *3 7n
gross for nix dnys work.
,,  ..      Interesting Witness
J. W„ Gray sworn, provml nn Inter-
cut I ni. wltnoHH, Ho hud ninny com-
plnlnts, nmong thom bring tho fnrt
tlmt bo hnd te build rogi* on tho top
of 10 foot poHts, nnd lumt np bis own
IfiRglng with which to do It, 11. Hint-
nd tbnt mon (ltd not an nrulo liko to
complain to the official'-*, thP-*o officials
In turn not wishing to-carry complaints
hli.lu>r up. "This acted nn it -.Mcrr-Mili
o tho men nnd mnny lliric» when there j
Chairman Gordon was interested
and "when Gray refused to answer a
direct question Dr. Gordon asked him
If he would make a statement to himself In" private. Mr. McLeod thought
it ^should' be made to the board but
the chairman said he would take it
alone. If such a state of things existed the chairman thought it'- would
destroy, the usefulness of any investigation committee." ' The company records showed that Mr. Gray had worker-151 days* in 1910) receiving $790,
an average of $4.74 per day. This was
for contract work -ind his day work
ran the,.total up to $909, and cut his
dally average down to $4.60.    ,
Arthps Warring had worked ln No'.
9 with bullwheel and had-, complained
of difficulty of getting cars up the
stope and difficulty in working with
the device.
' The - company's statement* ^showed
$3.80 as the "average wages .earned In
No. 5 mine. -- * -     .
.... - ' 'Also 'ost tlroe '
o Thomas Beattie who worked in No.
1 north had griexarices regarding getting timber and had lost as much as
eight days in a month, on account of
lack*of supplies." This witness stated
that he had to go into other rooms to
get diggers, to. help him. This was
stated to' be endangering his chance of
obtaining ,^pmpensation in case. ihe
should be-injured outside of his own
working.place and some discussion ensued upon this point. He had to go
there to get help or.go home and* he'
took the risk of violating regulations
in order, to jib his work.  .     "■"   "'' "'
Pit boss Wilson, under whom Beattie
worked," was on* the stand "at adjournment'. , His evidence' did not coincide
«.tfl____.____i.__,___t_=_!3_*'-'f-i''~-,^ __
n ILII- LIIttl_-VIT* DCani*t*.~7^
THE CHAIRMAN:   I would like to
say to the committees on both sides
that, after this   .statement, we shall
rise the Board to allow them the opportunity bf considering certain propositions that■" I propose to make to
them: -, These propositions' will   be   ,
based upon propositions made by the
two members of .the board representing either party.    It will be a proposi-.
tion for which the chairman will be
responsible.     It will", not be an ideal
outline for "an ideal settlement; I did ,>
not oxpect that.     That is impossible   '
in the time  we have just now' and lm-'
**' .*•"'.       -        -       '
posslblo upon the partial investigation
we have.carried on; "yet, the proposition will be reasonable.     I may say,,"
further; that the propositions are\ of-, '■
fered simply as a peace measure, with
a view to securing at this time a r.   ,.,
sumption of operations, if possible.'' It -
is extremely important to the operators, with all--their heavy responsibilities and obligations/that the    w'or_
should be resumed aa early aa possible,
ami I. is"extremely .important td-tho   ,
in)s>ing  populatten-r^tbe minors,,-Villi -
ib'eir families, that the wopk sboujd'hf-*
rc:i*.:ined as soon'as tW.r.it Is possible
to do so; and,I wopM like to''add}_too,'
thai *t is Important to the officials of -..
i he orranization, who ar .cbargod'with
the responsibility of,lo'<'-:!n-7 aftcr'tholr
interests, that the resumption! should
take "place without delay."V'As: I'have ,*
seated, these propositions are .toj'be*
Submitted this afternoonjo, both'part-'
ies.    It would be a'pity.that the Board,
should adjourn without at least ah."attempt to have an end put to tbe^ pre- •
sent   CQDfHttnn' of 'ttilngg "whtoh'.'ihg "7
whole country deplors, and which both  '
parties niust deplore. ■".:,•    ,  "
*   1 might also say these' propositions ■*
may not be acceptable" toboth parties,
,  It may' be pointed put that in connec
tion.with the averages submitted by
the, company,:tjb©;only statement pflana either, party* mayj'feei'.perfectly'
earnings sworn to^where in connection fre0 to'_eclftie "'or 'to" 'aTcfcept' 'without'
with No. 2 Mine. * The first statement of earnings submitted ln connec-,
tion with .this mine, covered -25 ,men,
and it.was made,to appear that this'
statement applied to all men working
In ..the long wall sections of that mine.
William Lancaster, pit boss, In examln-
fif'on. admitted that this was only a
partial sttement, that it represented
tho. gross ernlngs, and that It only applied to. ono pnrllculnr portion pf tho
mlno. '• A full statement of nil mon
working in tho long wall sections wns
later presented aa a ersult of this examination.,,    ' ,
Objections wero frequently raised by
the representative of District 18 to
statements of costs nnd,earnings being mado mnttors of record without bolng mado undor oath, ns this gave no
opportunity of finding out how those
statomonts woro compiled; but not until tbo adjournment this morning did
tho Chnlrmnn uphold tho objection,
which was on tho occasion of an attempt mado by Mr. Wilson, tbo general manngor of tho Crow's-Nost Pass
Coal Compnny to BUbmlt In the same
manner a statement of tho Company's
revenuofrdm nil nourcos, Tho objections mined woro based on tho fnct
thnt, whilo tho statements, so far ns
tho figures woro concerned, might bo
nbsolutoly corroct, tho Informntlon
thnt might bo producod by examination might connldornbly modify thoir
offoct. nnd ns such stntomnnlB nro In-
vnrlobly tnkon up by tho press, thoy
should, In fnlrncRB to nil coni-crned bo
th.-j-oiif-'J Jy Invoitlgntod nnd exii!nlnod
nt the time thoy nre mndo tho prr-potty
of tbo bonrd.
•qrejndlce..1'^. ;Wipii&,^psslbly seem to
either party -that the-cost "of the-resumption'may-be'too great to pay;
that ls a matter for each party to decide. " df the' cost is felt to bo too
great by either pnrty, then thnt pnrty
willi.j-eject th© propositions. *■'    /;'
I want to say that though tbo propositions to my mnld,aro not Ideal,
they aro offered slraply'as a measure,
to secure tho resumption of operations
and though the cost may be henvy to
either'pnrty, I trust tboproposnls smh-
mltted this nfternoon will be nccoptcd,
Let mo further sny thnt, Innn-j* onse.'
whether nccoptod or not, tho In realisation will bo continued by tho board
until onch pnrty Is sntlsfiod thnt nil
tbo fucts* nro mndo public time ought
to ho mndo public.  .
Thc bonrd will rise now until 12
o'clock, nt which tlmo I hopo to plnco
\tx tho hands of ench pnrty tbo propositions I nhnll mnko ns n bn3b of sottlo-
mont. nnd for tho lm'modliuo renump-
tlon of work, nnd tho furtlio-* lino cf
not.'on by tho Bonrd will bo nnnounood
to either party. -■
Our latest news Is to the effect thit
the two committees repressn'.lit*] tbe
Irtorcieted partlos are still n session
c.nslc-erlng the proposals prccc-ntcd by
the Cl airman ot the elots'l session
M.-.' at 1.30 this (nfternoai. The
Bflotd Is to re-convene nt ?.*15 to re
ctKe the result of these discussions,
nt d ir we are unable to lay .before our
ro-1-lero the final reiu*r of the struggle
In t»l*» Issue, we pr-m-lie tliem t? dn sj
I'i all probability v/U'i a special ttsuo
tc'-norrow, Saturday.
hous. to enquire Into lho rout of b_ |»h« ample cnut-r. for compl***.Int.none}
U.itiilng tu tUu opiiVhUttrti'  »*:,.__ .uuim ,• -*«* in.ttkf lor th.s ron-wttt. t
Privy Council
Will Decide
Word has just beon received to the offoct that
iiMv-u to uppcui to ino Jfnvy Uouncil ot Orcat Bnt-
uiu iu the Knxxz \». Crow » Nost Pus* Coal Co. compensation case has beon granted. Whilo it takes
considerable timo to get tho machinery in motion in
such casos, nevertheless shows tho determination of
x-lfd U.ii.ttl-*! Ol Vl .aitlll OitllStdH 10 1.1K0 Inti CJlfet.    to
thc highest possible tribunal ancl obtain a decision
which shall placo nny future case beyond question,
Tho net was framed as n compensation act and for
rendering assistance to the dependants of miners
killed wWlo followirj**; tltdr o-^vp-ttion, aud in our
opinion, Irrespective of thc fact whether thow do-
piMid-titU live in British Columbia or Sit. Vetora-
burgh. Tho case has aroused great interest and
the result is awaited by those affected with a firm
belief in the ultimate triumph ef their cause.
Ectetin and McTaggart are acting for tho mi.mrs. "c,jM ■».:-_,
.'7'-:-. '.-.*
*"***"..   IVV   "-"-Tv   ?rr.
. ^"-..'C
8-1 '-.;■';. k\y.^ <*\,.'
_,-•>_ .-
f    .    ,   .
But AboM the
" $1,000.00 a day, in this small store, too.     How
much of the choice stock are you gqnig to buy?
. ■   Don't say a word, but buy all you can and don't
let-the other -— beat you to it.
Announce   an   Epocal   Event vin CThe
7 ^":''/.v'* *--V.-.'*"    r;v;*;r*«' *■   >
How'Many.?™":' Eadies; ;
. *. *-■ " -V .*"  - "'
Talk Quick. Saturday Morning
.' ■ * *■       - *   '■k ' -. ■ ■**
Don't apologize because you step on other peo-
,pie's toes.--7 . .'   '' ;-■   '    '-, ." -■-/ ."„ 7-, '■"'."
i1,    ^ - ' * *     ' ■• -.
"   Look out for your own.;      • -■'    - .- - ,,
The City's Choicest Millinery
and Dry Goods Stock opens Saturday with a Sale
Nevermore in the annals of Fernie and this district
How is Miss Euler
___ '
Going to do it-Why
By cutting prices of courses-Cutting so deeply
tbat any man, woman or child with the least bit of
gumption must see the wisdom of leaving his or her
change and' roll with the store and stock- that is
7 going to be out of business after 5. days of this'
sale. .'-',■
You wonder liow we do it—well, just inside on Saturday—we'll
■tell,you—we'll show you-~eyerything goes. \ ,
i ii - *,_. ■- ■•     j i
Hats, Caps, Millinery Chiffons, Waists,
Dress Goods, Suits, Hair Ornaments
Everything for the Lady of-Fashion.. Everything for the mother, wife.,
sister and as many'other sisters; as you want to/buy for.
Rip-up!   Tear-up!
Grab the whole stock
'        1- ' ■* ■*■ l » "■
Everything goes at a Close-
;. out price to you
'■ 'Mi , _ _   *.*-*.' _ ^ . ^ ^^ ■■ ^ . ..*,.," " ' ■"".. >-       ^^ , - -.        - m     '
Miss Euler's instructions to theEyely Sales Co. are "Everything Must'Go" and go they must.    Even the Fixtures, Sjtands,
Safesr-Everything.■■'■■•-No fakes or misrepriesentatipn—a sale for.the people at a price that will make you buy.     This is for you.
'.' -'• *    (/>■*. ',, ••'-i-."-.    y,    '■     -.»..- -,-_.,.■'•       -... -
; •y^;\\;xWE'0*'HAVB'.Tp!_ GOODS /,
' "* ''"V*>    , ' '       *.        . ' r     -      - "
-TRADE.;-;-     *,-,-.-.• - . '■       ,   _
■    *-!.'.,.,      '.tUt}
GUIDE    OR    ASK    FOR     IT.
7 7
'   '*** ^*_B
\ 1
- -\/
Look up the Crow's Nest Trading
Co.'s ad. on Pago Five.
'-The Ladies'''Aid of -the Baptist
Church will hold .a sale of many useful1 household artlclea In the temporary church building Tuesday, ' May
16th. . Tea and cake will be served.
Tho Trites Wood Co, ad. on Pago
Four makea interesting reading,
We are Informed that tho Moyie
lieader, after a long and honorable
career coasos publication with this Issue. * Regrets, Pred, but know that
-you -will still have the smile that does
noj.' wear off.
On Monday "■ next 'the Rev, J. P.
Dlmmlck, of tho Mothodlst Church,
will leavo for Vancouver to attend
the conforonco that will begin Its sessions on Wednesday morning nnd expects to bo away at least ton days.
J. W. Robertson and J. Lundie
woro olocted representatives to Grand
Lodgo by Mt. Pernio Lodge, No. 47,
I. 0,"0; P., last-Wednesday ovoning.
R. Dudiy and J. E, Covert alternates,
Grand Lodgo moots at Cranbrook In
Juno, tho first tlmo in East Kootenay.
Died nt Mlohol, Thursday afternoon,
May -Jlh, Kathleon May Murphy, agod
10 years, daughter of Mr. T. E. Murphy, C. P. R. ngorJ. Rody will lonvo
this evening (Friday) for intormnnt in
Arnprlor, Ont.. arrnmiianle-l by "Mr.
nnd Mrs. Murphy (pnronts), Thomson nnd MorrlHon havo chnrgo or
funeral nrrnngomontH,
Chnrloy Niinn, wlio Iiah boon employ*
ed for nomo time pant an electrician
with tlio firm of If. II. Hr-pow and Co.,
loft on Thursday morning's local for
Cnlgnry, wlioro hn linn accoptod a position In IiIh profosslon. •
Tho boys nro sorry to seo Chnrloy
go as ho was quito popular, but nt any
rnto wIhIi lilm goqd luck wherever ho
mny Ia,
T IIOH'.V .ttOf .ATM Dw *K,U*
dny of May, 1011. iih a \>\.h]\v holiday to 1m» known-wi Arbor Day for thi"
morn niweitln purpos. of a K*r-n<*rnl
■rlpan-iin of tho City,   Pnrflriilnm of
... ',,      , .1   ,!     .    .   1       ,    ,1 ,   I       ...     .1.
...    ..    it. ,.   , .A ,. ^.,»    .,.    .. t 1. -
I r<_iuc*t that nil loyal rltlzt-nft oh-
servo tho nam<*•.
A. W. ni.BAflUKLIi.
Thore was no meeting of tho City
Conndl on Thnradny night.
Tuesday evening last ^he" second
gymnastic .exhibit by the Fernie Y.
M. A. A. was given in the club rooms
in the basement of the Mothodlst
Church., The affair was*well advertised and as the participants'have engaged in much practice and hard work
for some time, the,, audience werq.
treated to a good samplo of the work
that is being carried on by this
worthy movement. His Worship,
Mayor Bloasdoll, was in the chair, and
ln a few woll chosen remarks pressed
tbe button that sot the' programme In
motion. Four classes In all participated, Including junior, Intermediate;
advanced meinbbra and the ladles,
and throughout not a hitch- was noticeable, which speaks volumeB not
only for tho Instructor Wcs. Owon,
but the classes as well. To enumerate Is Impossible, * owing to llmlttod
space this week, but in passing wo
would spoclnlly mention tho exorcise
for dovolop^nont and Introducing muscle. The bnr exorcises hy Parnoll,
Munkwltz and Longdon was also good,
Tho ladles, too, acquitted thomsolvos
in no moan fashion, nnd convinced
several that thoy nro cnpnblo of doing many thing nbosldcs keeping
houso and sowing on buttons.
Tho gathering was In ovory way a
success and deserves the lion ity cooperation of ovory fnlr mlndod cltl-
zon, Iri-ospoctlvo of cIiibh, twod or
nationality.., A tidy sum wiih ronllzod
on lho occasion, which will go towards
getting moro now outfit, tlmt Is found
nr-rpw-nry owing to lho InorenBlng
domnnd mndo on thin young bnt
healthy orgnnlzntlon. toty unbound,
wi HiiccoBs attend tlio efforts of thn
promoters and all concerned.
Gnmo wnrdonii throughout this district lmvo boen notified Hint In con*
sequence nf tho Anal! honl of wnpltl
door folic) necessitating that thoy bo
•.m-ii mi i_ii-4-.-tu.iii') not ... -.t.i.-OHit*-
y.xlk.t!, .■'i*^'wJ.'_,l,'«*,';.s' Ln.,. J,.,.'-,-, .,..s,',-*\J
j/inklnff UjIh member of the de-er tribe
lmmun-it fnr at l-Mstt another ** mcason.
Tho eooperntlon to effect tho desired end Is rt.nnei-.tpd of nil truo aportn-
i.  '..IV...V     V, A.iv.v.V    iliU'lltii   mrt'.-C   >,*,<_.
this Informnl'Ion bo that it may lw
given the widest publicity posslblo.
HRP t-iCfxpFti to np iNST.'u.i.rn'n rir.p? m vzckvIa the inw—T.if_
Fire esrnper   A   steel s fnlr war on
tlio exterior of a building, erected nfter
Wo under-stan. thai tlie It-r-perial
Hotel ha* tho fire escapes re*i»iirc(1 by
law ready for Irtttallatloti.
I* W*-r*i?f.Ttsi-Si! hnii the mtIt* * tor
tho V-*/pi»n<N» Ifofel i»ni> t>r*» rf.ntr.il
Hotel «i|_ In>> eti<ilp[_*d tUrou^l.ou: (>••
fore the end of May.
Jnhntfon—- On  Tliunt-isy,  May <th.
nil, at F«rr»te. the «tf. of Mr. Fre-il
Ijoolii up Dw Crow'* Xo*t Trading
Po/a nd. on Page Five.
GRASSY LAKE, May 1.—The Pilot
says: - A significant event of this week
was a visit from a noted, mining engineer^ from' Seattle, Philip Stoess, who
drove over the district with H, A.
Drlggs and looked ovor a number of
the coal mines.
His visit to Grassy Lake was the
result of a cablegram from English
capitalists who wanted expert opinion aB to the-extent of the coal area
and prospects for working tho properties on a large Bcnlo.   ,
Mr. Stoess was very favorably impressed with tho quality of the coal,
extent of tho "field and thickness of
the coal veins, and lt Is bellovod will
roport favorably to "tho English syndicate.
IT; T. Cherry, who with Mr. Drlggs
and others, is extensively Interested
tn tho locnl coal mining claims, is
at present In Englnnd, endeavoring to
Interest capital thero In tho Grassy
Lnko mines nnd tho visit of tho engineer Vould Indlcato that his mission
Is to be successful.
English capitalists at tho present
time aro pnrtlnl to Investments In
tho Cnnndlnn West, nnd particularly
ln Sou.horn Alberta and are pouring
millions of dollnrs Into tho country,
It seems vory probable that Grassy
Lakes Is to got n shnro of thoao Investment s nnd hnvo tho rich conl doposits
tlmt undcrllo tho wheel district developed on n lnrgo scnlo, which will
menn much to tho town. Fnrthor Information from London will ho eagerly looked for.—Lothbrldgo Hornld.
Widespread dismay wns oncnslonod
at Plnxton, nn Important mining,centre
near Nottingham, n now undertaking
opened nbout eighteen months ngo to
■supplement somo older workings, Somo
timber beenmn Ignited, it Is bellovod,
through tho fimlng of nn oloctrlc cnblo,
nnd tho pit quickly beenmo enveloped
*    .    i ,     *,,... >  ,
t.t     .....VS.'!., i,>_|«l,MJf    ,14     .<|.__^__..»    *J*     ...4.
frreflrm. of Dw vm-Vl..-"- from pn*--
there wn« no rink of nn explosion, but
but tho mon, of whom thero woro over
-IIM working below, wore for a time
plncod In a ponltlon of the greatest
ed with It formed a mv^nn of temporary refuge, nnd parties drawn from tho
now reartie mntlon nt Mnnftfleld wero
quickly on the sipot with the necensnry
apparatus for righting tho outbreak.
There was crent dancer thnt timber
near the pumping station would take
fire, but with cor-tons supplies of
-water Mailable this was prevented
and the fire e-ttlnsrulnhed. The rotate parti-/*.-! anccecrfei! In -setting all
tho m.n a--.f-.tjr to" tho surfaeer and
Ihmiirh rr.-oy of ihe mln#r-» had to be
driven home m-'ferlng from the effect
of imofco fumes, no lot of life wa*
Letters To       *
The Editor
The editor Is'1-not;   responsible for
articles that ftre .ent" ln. ..
J. W. Bennett*'Editor, District Ledger
Doar Sir and Brother,—In the last
issue of the ^District . Ledger   there
appeared an article in column 7, page
1, taken from-the United Mine Workers' Journal,...uirt^er caption, "District
18,  East British Columbia and Alborta,' which reads In part as follows.
"At the meeting of tho International Executive Board last weok a
.commlttoo -was nppointed to visit
this district and  possibly hold  n
conforenco.with th© operators."
As we are members of the committee appointed by tho International Exocutlvo Board to visit this district, and Innsmuch as tho nbovo-mon-
tloned  statomont ls misleading and
doos not clearly reflect'tho objoct of
our mlBBlon, wo take this moans of
correcting nny. falso Impression that
may bo gleaned by tho  renders of
your vnlunblo Journal from tho unofficial stntcmont nllmlod to.
Incidentally "wo nvnll oursolves of
Uio opportunity nftonlod us to make
known to you nnd to the rank nnd fllo
of this district tho object of our mission nnd tho position of, tho International nrgnnUtnlon towards District
18 nnd llio members thereof at this
Wo nro horo ns n committee to ns*
Hint and oo-oporato with tho District
Offlccri* lu thoir efforts to. bring
al ■mil. n f-nllsfnctory Hottlomout of tho
wngo agreement. In llio event of
thero bolng no Immediate resumption
nf work, bocauso of no mutual antlH-
factory nrrangernont being ngrood to
we Hhnll lend our ovory offort to enrry
Into effect ahy policies outlined by tbo
District Officials for Ihu protection of
tho membership involvod whoroby the
ti< .1 intorosts pt the orgnnixntion 10
il iiii 11 _>u a.u (Ji. [JiVhiinJ CO xKiidtit, Lltit-j
bo r-onsn-rvcd,
y     *•   National---League  __      ^,:.
At Philadelphia:: '  . '"    ,
Philadelphia   ........    ...:     4
Brooklyn   .,    0
At Chicago:
Chicago   .........  ■•••••   9
Clnclnnattl    5
At Pittsburg:
Pittsburg   \.i....... 17
St.  Loulo       ., ."..   1
At Boston :
New York N    7
Boston   - ... i\    2
* 1
North-WasUrn  Lmquo
Vancouvor   .........*."■.'    8 12   3
Portland    6   7   2
Batteries: Jensen and LowIb; Chap
polio and Snooks.
Spokano .'    1   5   2
Tacoma     2   4   2
Batteries: Bonner and Hasty; Gordon nnd Burns,
Cured by
An nbsoluto Runrnntoo goos with ov-
ory box of FIG PILLH. Thoy will euro
and DOWEL disorders. At all dealers, 25c, por box, or Tho Fig Pill Co,,
St. Thomas. Ont,
..1 11  \	
\ TO .RENT—Two New,,newlyplaster-
t\yo-roomed .Houses;'- wood [ shed -and
w.c. for each; good well"close'by.""Apply, Robt. Wright;' West Fernio.   32-8t
POR SALEr-Rhubarb Root*,' $1.50
per dozen, or.$9 per 100. Cabbage
Plants, SOc. per 100. Cauliflower, $1
per 100. At J. McLaughlins, West
Pernie. 36-4t
WANTED—Live man or woman for
work at home paying 92.00 or $3,00 per
day with opportunity to advance.
Spare tlmo can bo used.' -Work not
difficult aiid' requires no experience.
Winston, Limited, Spadlna Avonuo,
Toronto. , 86-4
For Btumplng, grading nnd fencing
of Hchool grounds  nt  Wost Pornlo.
Spoclfleullonu »l Llpliiirdfa Jewelry
Store, H
The lowest or any tender not no-
«.ce>i.<ii_,*,    .it<.t*|Mi...        iii,u«.ii>   it/   ui.*
(■U>!*efl  ?In/ 101b.
Chnlrmnn School Board
American League
At New York:
Boston    '.     2
New York       0
At  Wiifthington:
Washington    2
At. St. Louis.
l-v-'rnlf   ,.„ «... ,    4
St. Unit „   2
At Cleveland:
■t:htca«o  .,     1
nev.M..!        1
Hei. i! i^, Waiiiiig ioi U
WANTED TO, SELL an interest In
Two. Coal Mining Claims adjoining
tho Corbin Coal properties. To n
mnn who Is a geologist, coal prospector, also a qualified coal mlno eupor-
lntendent, this ls a good offer to a
hustlor with capital; Tho property is
partly developed; hns cabins, dump
enr, stool mils, tools nrfd trails cut
ovor tho proporty; wagon trail ono
milo long.-twonty foot wide from rnllrond to camp. Opon for Inspection;
comfort nblo cnbln; good food: • no
trlflors or ngonts. Wrlto Box 285,
Spokane, Wash., U. S. A,
This ls your opportunity to bocomo
Independent. Snrcoo Gardens, nd-
Joining the beautiful now city pnrli*
now being socuiod hy Cnlgnry from the
Govornmont Is tho finest Mnrkot
Gnrdon proposition In Alborln today,
land has been thoroughly tested, and
has^provei^higltfy "satisfactory.   Tho'
prices on 'Market-Garden-;produce are.
high and the occupation Is very profitable while the. work is light
You can getkno!' better Investment. '
Work yourself and get all the profit.
. In ton acre tfacts.'-'prlce is $150,00
per acre.    Teims:*'Quarter cash, balance over four years. ,   .
We have, only 21 trdctB left.  ' You
should DO IT NOW.
' "* Ask us, abotJt City property, pbul- -
try raising farms ln all parts ot the
province and. business openings.  Wo
have them. '-'
, Writ*    LAVENDER,    CURTI8    &
HORNER CO., Calgary, Alto.    (35-10
Second Hand
Furniture Store
v* _ '
Highest Prices Paid
For   Secondhand   Furniture,   Stoves,
Tools, etc., also Ladles' and Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes.
Two-chair Barber Outfit for Sale,,
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
Rem ing*tlin
FOR RENT—Uolnt*nian Parlors,
Minors' lllock, olther wholo or part of
storo.—Ahply, D, Roo«, P, O, 381,
Fornio, B, C.
20 Acres of fine Land nt $30 por
ucic, oiuiud wit 1. Mi___._-.u_ mul -LtHlui',
Also one half^ aero lot, $150. Apply,
J, McLauRhlan, West Yttnie.    36—It
~MG..RY TO IjOAK—M. A. Kastner
Fttnit **ft<t niltlrid for l*h» Coionl*!
IntWment Companv, nnd in prnparod
to advnr.ee money oa Imslncs.-* blocks
nf a r*M*o«alile rati* of Interest.
in perfected form, the best typewriter ideas by
whomsoever advanced.
For our latest manifestation of this policy, inspect the
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and 11, which
embody every desirable feature extant—PLUS an Adding
aitdSiibtraetittgMcchanism which constitutes an innovation.
The voice that cried in the wilderness 30 years ago:
"Yon cannot afford to write in the
old way;" now acclaims with equal
conviction: "You cannot aftbrd to
calculate in the old way."
Remington Typewriter Company
818 Pender Street
Vancouver, B. dfr /
_*"-"-,   .."    ',.
'"   '      "     c.    V-^*'     -       "* ,--'_-*-.* a
Industrial .Unity^ is. Strength._,
..- *.
' _.*
Jfl LeKislatjv^<
.   •'.   ' A     "•••'      *' „,   .-   -.**
•   ./.vv -*■ '■■, -'*-:.
'.■**■"• -'.7-   -"'    - .- '   "
;^The'Official.Organ of District No. 18. TT_ M. W.\ of A.
.,' -   /
_.*• "
. -l.^v-- .' ',     '     V-** 7
/ \- •■■.■■■..;■■;.■-.'' -'y .-vr-- -
Political. Unity is Strength
Vol. IV
.■>qfo%,. -•»• r\,rr V4 i{   V^'
..... ■
Mdftdger Wilspni
. Mr. WILSON: - Ihave here,- Mr. Chairman, a very unpleasant-duty devolving upon me. " I have come here a perfect-stranger to a large number of these
men, :to'find these peculiar'conditions,^and naturally so, in many respects.'
' I1 make.that admission,'gentlemen, to yoVbut',there*are many'of these little
"things that we hope, Mr..Chairman, to .hi? able to. elleve'a? time1 goes on.
That is the men^s #ide'of_ the question, -   I have come here with the Intention
'   of playing fair aiid to be honorable,.candid'and just with you; and I want to
'   feel that you are all prepared to do the same'with me!    -Unless'you do that
we will fight.'   I don't .want that ■-  I want to be reasonable, consistent and
-  'JU8t        ' • -' '   .,'"''">-',     .        ■      -'■
",   On-the other'side of the'question, Mr. Chairman, are tie operators. *" I
V find here a state ofthings' that, is jery.Very serious".    I am going to confine
my remarks, to the coal department of the operators, and to all labor, under
' -discuslon In connection' with the'coal mined by'the company at; the Coal Creek
'  min©T.eparately, and an aggregate statement showing that the average cost of
all the coal produced at the Coal Creek mines for the last'two years,was $2.29
a'ton, while the average "selling price was only. $2.28. j   Our, accountant, has
- gone over all these details, and. every, statement pertaining and alluding to this
abstract is open*to*your inspections-Mr.* Chairman, In company with, two'meiia-
bers of this Board, Mr. McLeod and Mr. Carter.  * Our accountant will come
" "before you,Mr.ChaIrman,:and make an affidavit as to the correctness of these
' statements that I now put in. . **     ' y 7 '.      -   ',-,,   *: '■
'<$. In bringing this beforeyoui* attention, I recognize.this fact, that labor 13 en-
•   titled to tho fullest consideration of all just men.    We'all agree on thai-point,
and I fully agree with every man-.in.*thls room with,the justice of thatVbut
labor cannot be paid unless it comes out of earnings, and that is" the second
-question'for consideration.'    I know, that the best thing^for all concerned;
and'all interests involved in this;serious question^-.'is that^we should get together llko reasonable men and see if a- different condition of-affairs" .annot be
..'" brought'about out of .this' crisis!'._.. am* willing t6'.do""all in ray'power, and I
hope that every;man'present here, will believe'me to be sincere in my expres-
sions.   I have no4 idea or intention of misrepresenting; it is nbt.in my'make-
..'up.'-, -1 have come here to-live amongst' you, and^will do the very best I.can.to
g'iveyou all'thingin* my power .to'mdke this community satisfied ".and "prosper-
-   ' "    ' „- I'        ■•      .-, ■ i      '   *' -   '-     **-        '-•.!-    ',, '  • \ , ,' .-■''__'.
,v   OUS. ■'■. -       "=     '.-,   ']    . "7-,.*.-    ••■   ,    ;i-    **    -•   _ s .    ,-a.i        .;   _-'-
: ' .1 present you with this statement, "Mr. Chairjnan,'. and .our "accountant will
,^. "testify upon -it ?.T_ls show's ihe, statement In regard _b; the fngfvidual miiies,
' "',,._    .   _ **-"*._.__   '__*"__-   .   i-*- *___._____ n_i_.l-_.___._.___-i'__£ll______.:_—_t__V______l.._J__«__«__L
"fl~_a*rtd"thiS'ShOwS"the~tOtaI'"i"eBUiia_— iu**^--u«jaij_i;._yiuuwrK,-'";vnorc*^iui  uuohiu»u-
A*wlll be' exposed to yffrrself and to-Mj^ Carter,-'if you'de'sfr.*us todo so. ..._.,*.* •
\-r.- *. -.... .,,_,    -.-..... ii1>:, ..,,■-..*■_■ -j,, <- , -.'* ,. ••--,-■-■--:.'   -   ,.i--,  .
'•    '    ' 7*" -'J'-Ai-.-y  --=t'.--7.':-.f.*.; **l--i "
.;   ,     ..-      -; 0    -      t.    '*   •-     (' '
Most Successful Year in
Company's History
Says President
TORONTO. March 11.—Elins Itogeis
presided at the annual meeting of tbo
Crow's Nost Pass Coal Co. A'dividend
of one per cent, thb third since' lust
August, was passed,
The prosldont stated that when nn*
alylzed the report was tho beiit' In th'e
hlbtory of the company with an Inspiring outlook.
Tho company'a payrolll last yoar aggregated nearly $2,500,000 ex'ponded in
wages.'.' Tho profit tor tho year was
The board of directors was oloctod
aB follows, EllaB'Hogors, prosldont;
E. 0. Whitney, vlco-prosldonti H. M.
Glvorn, hon, prosldont; Dr. Howland,
J. 6. Qravoa, \V. II. RobinBon and Col.
_-*, .'■;'..-■ '   -;late8 _:/;■■'-^ '-v&;i^
Board-adjourned—No-declsion arrived at. *■' To meetagalnat call of Chalr-
Monotary Tlmos of March 25th, aaye
In part:. '        .
"A dlvldond of ono por cont will ho
paid to tho -HlmroholdorB of tho Crow's
Nost Pass Coal Company Limited, This
wan' tho announcement mado at tho
recent annual meting of tho company.
For this dividend $02,120 wns appropriated, ThU li tho third declaration
within tho pn«t twelvo montha^tho former payments bolng mado In August
and November. Tho annunl roport
nhowod that tho company had mado
not prof IU for tho yoar ondod Docombor 31, 1010, $178,025, or Jobs than 3
per cent, of tho capital, and had paid
out 2 por cont In dividends. Tho total
nmount of conl mined was 1,200,702
" tr*r.«- n-nd ibtt nmniint nt mXrn n.nT.ufri'*'-.
turnd 104-tnfl ton*. The coal mlnnd
wan nn'tncronBO of 310,717 tonfl ovor
tho provloun yenr.
Tho. total profits mado on tho coal
nnd coko wns $83,800, or Ioib than
•MiYPY-t oixnln a ton. Of tlle remainder
of tho profit*, $18,054 cnmo from «ocn-
rltlos owned and $77,000 from sales of
land, tlmbor nnd othor sources. Ac
cordlngly tlio profits from conl and
coke production alono would yield a
dlvldond of only nbout 1.3 por cont on
tlm capital."
fore work begins and supply plans and
specifications on course to be pursued
in connection with same. "
The mayor stated,that he had'called
for a special holiday on Tuesday, May
* . . -.-,,
16th, to be known as Arbor Day. when
a thorough clean up of city is expected
on tho part of all good citizens. ,'
The following,, committee was appointed to confer with Bourd of Trade
to 'arrange details of same: Aldermen
Graham, Robichaud and Mclntyre, to-
_. *- ' '      i * '
gothor with Mayor Bleasdell. ,,
,  May 11*— Regular meeting, at which
all wero prosont except Pobllnncllc.
Minutes of special meeting woro
read and confirmed, -
.Lottor-was rocelvod from Mr,.Eclc-
stein with reference to City having
propor officials as mottor reader, and
suggesting tha tsald official carry somo
kind of crodontlals to assist in tho
provontlon of thlovof) or sharpers gain
ing ohtranco to citizen's houses. Tho
mattor will bo attended' to and tho
man appointed will carry, credentials
as suggested. *
Lottor rocolvod from Dr. WrlglOB-
wortii and W, A. Ingram ro Pornlo In*
tormodlato Baseball Team, asking for
a amal donation to help defray cont of
uniforms! and other oxpenfloa. -It was
ordorod fllod,
Lottor from Mr. John Drown M.E,
BimgoBtlng alteration to powor houso
which will bo carrlod out. [
Tho council voted Mayor Dlonfldoll a
Hillary of $1200 for tho yoar.
Plro Chlof McDougall roslgnod and
tlio council will now havo to look for
nnotlior chlof to roplaco him.
Tho accounts woro passed as waa
aluo an ostlmato on sanitary sowors by
Mr. John J, Wood, of $1020.28,
City Clork Barclay was nBkod to
wrlto tho Hon. noRs M.P.P.. niprosont-
Ing tlio riding to bring boforo tho provincial govornmont tho quostion of tha
aULI*     1,1,1..       •...•>.*»       I1.,....-,      ......,..„      ..,„.
■tW-n-*. Ir dcvn<"\ In In rtnr*r"***r nt hoinr,
curried nwny by the high wator In tho
flood season.
On Monday a special meeting to
decide on breaking; up power houso In
certain places and executing necessary
Motion was passed thnt an exoetl-
cneoa" engineer look* Into -mnttor be-
Tiruco's Rolor Rink will ho running
»„.t   1,1«m.    r)r,l„.,ir,y   rltntlt O^lMn    'Iir*
On Saturday morning the first meeting of, the -Board bf Enquiry was held
In the Provincial Chambers and marks
.the- first instance when these sessions
were open to the, public, but-not many
availed themselves of tho'opportunity
doubtless because   it   was' generally
known that this meeting was.merely
preliminary to ihe general discussion.
' It was decided that each party should
prepare a list of subjects to be brought
before the board, these to deal more
particularly at this time with matters
connected with the, conditions that'obtain with the mines and mine workers
of -the' Crow's" Nest Pass Coal .Col ,-
. Vice-President Stubbs asked for ruling on the subject' regarding' the possibility of limiting the .scope, of the
enquiry exclusively to those questions'
thaKmight-be included'*'on the'list or
if" subsequently - other   items f.were
brought forward would they be permitted, to present them,;. , ;   . ' .
To"-this   Chairman  Gordon   replied
that notechnlcalltywould be permitted, to'prevent the Board from thoroughly '.' ventilating " &}l   questions .arising
that were pertinent to the purposes of
th'e investigation.        '.    y     *'-,_ •;•„   ,
- Both* parties to" the controversy .having been requested by the Chairman
to.be prepared to bring their witnesses
and evidence on. Monday, morning1'at
9_3o:-*'-";* ■•;",, "' '   ■' "'      -    "
"Adjournment"was.declared and at
2 o'clock a visit to the'mines was made
for the purpose of examining some^f
the interiors of Coal Creek workings.
•^On^SaraTda^-^fternoq-T tKT^
6f the'" Board, officials of. District ,18
and "'also of the Crow's Neat Pass Coal
.Company,' as well'.as; pltbosses  and
members of ."Gladstone-.'-Local visited
Co'arCrefek" andTVrentlnto mines No.'_
south, and north;--»No.:2,.'No."*3, and* No,
5, which consumed.over 6 hours'of hard
work and;even then they did'not complete, their.' examination * of the ' properties/-   After they came out tho entire party were the guests of tha Coal
Co. to an excellent repast in the Fairclough Boarding House to which ample
justice was done by everyone; their.ap-
petitles being whetted to sharp odge
by the exertions, of tbe examination; *
., Monday's session, of the  Conciliation Board brought out' a large.-'audience of people to hear the taking
of evidence and to observe the manner  In* which tho board  conducted
lfs enquiry.               '     '.
When ono of the board, members
started to probe Into the matter of
duieis paid to the U.M.^y. of'A. by
Its mombers, Vice-President Stubbs
Interjected with tho remark that such
lnqulsltlvonoss on tlio tho part, of tho
operators might mako It necessary
for thinn to'enquire into tho momborshlp fees and duos paid by the momborH -of tho OporatorB'.Association
and to ascertain, If posslblo what It
had cost tho Crow's Noot for ro-ln-
Btatomont ln tho association after having loft lt. , This brought out emphatic ovidoneo of approval from .tho
miners in the audience, uomo of them
Indulging ln hnnd clapping. The
chairman objected, howovor, and ordor was Immediately v roBtorod,
Thoro was, howovor, to b© another
littlo diversion, nnd thla hnpponod'
whon Mr, Stockott luikod tho chairman that tho crowd which wiib pressing against the tablo whoro tho oporators sat, bo roquostod to movo
furtlio rbaclc aB thoy interfered with
tho deliberations of his commlttooo,
Prosldont Powoll said to the mon.
"Como over horo; we won't, bo both-
o'rod by you," Colin Mnclood, for
tho oporators, objected lo this, and
requested.thnt tho room bo kopt clear
but Dr, Gordon thought that Mr, Powoll had only Indulged In a littlo
pleasantry, hut roquoBtod thnt ordor
bo mnlntnlnod.
Time Lost Wnltlno for Timber
Goorgo Linn, a witness culled for
!hc nitac v.-o;*,,'.c;*'*;,'__;.*,.. l.!a v\!.U:-.cc
In axxob an intolUfront nnd ftrnlfh*-
forward manner thnt, tho chnlrmnn
expressed comploto satisfaction nud
cotnpllmontod hJm on name, Ho nnld
ho workod at Conl Crook 'mlnos for
for work in No", l.north, 62%, 60 and 55
cents per ton.    In'.No..l south on' the
,       . -.       *
same seam, tho top seam work was
paid,for at. 60 cents.     The contract
called for seven .inch timbers in No.
1 south, but timber, much larger was
supplied and he*<Jiad to call in other
miners* to. help, place them.,' He got
no , extra pay. for this.-,   Extra men
were generally - company .'men arid had
to do the"work,for each other.     He
thought-a ,scale' price for timbering
would  be ■• better'.' :" Timber . about  8
inches in diameter was too,much for
two men to handle. .***. ■.,■*. -    J '"'
To -Mr. Stockett he'..said two men
generally  worked  together. .'-,*-.
"_ v  ;    Rate's'of Cogs
The building; of CQgs..In Nq..#_ mina
was explained " and the , price,., paid,
which ran' from ?1 to,$1.33 for *cogs
from. four., to "seven feet in .height.
At old No. 9„'they ran from four to
six-feet in--height,' but* he got nothing fextrai for It. The rates-for cogs
was the same'.now. as five years ago.
■'This'; iriatterj'.had bee>i, before'^the
company: frequently. -Jhs object of
tin* long wall work was to gel. out all
the coal and^t" prf-serve the quality.
A* ;i*e time .he' agreexuent was' made
Nb.;9" mine-.was mot working.-1 _ Hfi-d
the mine'been working on present long
wall system 'the men would, not have
accepted'the agreement. '._«'   *.v
-,-Here- <Mr.- Stbckett read from D\e
company's Vec'ords""to show* how ,many
upys" Linii hadjworked during 1910.7.Tt
showed a total of I'L'. days at an' aver-
the mine workers that he had been favored ;by'_he'management on account
of- 'steady »wqrk.. " He had aimed "to
make.as.riear $5 a day as possible" and
could"nqt-jVeep.'W^family,, of .six. children upon $3,a day.;" '•'**■ '    ,-
,- ,. Agreemei.t-Violated '"
*" The * examination of ..Watts .Goodwin
b'roughfout the faet^that the manager
had refused to change * from, day to
contract prices in No. 9,mine.'* The
mine, workers contended that'tho
change of system from room to*long
wall constituted new work "under the
>iy :
terms of-the contractand that-the re-
fuBal^to negotiate prices for the hew
conditions constituted. a violation of
the'agreement and that tho raen'/con-
cluded.to work.oni*-to the end of the
agreement ' rather than have No. 9
closed dowm. Tho witness thought
thath 20 men were working, In No. 9
mine under contract rates, notwithstanding tho management had refused
to open tho" work'to nil .men those
terras.     -   * "
■ To .Mr, Stockett Mr, Shanks stated
thath ho had never found day work
a profltablo way of mining; Ho had
put tho m-em on „day work in No. 1
south bocauso It was opening work
To Mr, Carter, Mr. Shanks abated ho
thought $1,35 a fair prlco for filling-an
eight foot.cog, although men got that
prlco for four foot cogc, Ho thought
an olght foot cog could bo flllod in 20
mlnutOB. . ' *       '
John Kent, n commltte mnn to ox-
amino Into grievances under thb provisions, of tho agroomont had gono
many times to tho flro boss nnd to pit
bossos.ln an effort to got bolter prlcos
and' conditions adjusted but could do
Average Wages
Manager Wilson horo submitted tho
figures from tho rocords to show that
tlio avorago wngos por day pnld In
this mlno for tho yoar 1010 was not
$3,-l3.    ,
To chairman Gordon this wltnorm
explained thnt nomo of IiIh lost tlmo
was owing to his having to return to
Fernio nftor going to tho mines whoro
ho would find no enrn or no timber.
To chairman Stockott's quory of why
ho did not go on to worlc and pllo up
his conl till ho got a car ho replied
that in doing so ho would bo piling up
coal for tho man who followed lilm.
ff  „ir\n It**).!!I** tXtt"   *H'ftTl«»(i»i  -.>'!.'"  fir\   IX,r, t ttrnhfiri,
and what it had cost the Crow. Nest
Tass Coal Co.' to get ' back into the
es30c?atlon after having withdrawn."
This started audible applause' and the
chairman ^ had to interpose serious
. At Tuesday's meeting of the board
George Linn,'the man who gave such
good evidence on Monday produced
from his' diary the number of days during the year 1910 that he was,laid off.
This" totalled 78 "and. of this 30 days'
were lost for want of railway cars to
ship coal from the mine.. He lost a
day on account of gas,- timber and
track-laying. "Of this ..lost time the
company was responsible for at least
60" days, which at, the rate of ^earnings
would mean a los. to him of $250,'but
he' thought that much more Ws coming to him as a matter of justice! "
Charles Edgar said he'had lost,,as
much as two days a week when' he
would go to Coal Creek to find that the
mine, was not working of that timber
or .track laying was not provided. Formerly he had been allowed for laying
his .own track but that was'now refused..- , •*. " nii"
k*Mr."Wili^n showed from the'records
of the ex-manager' that Edgar had
worked, during 1910, 208 days out of a
possible' 255 days the mine worked;
this was a' loss'of-47 days." --Of-this
he thought he had lost ten days.by not
knowing'the mine did not work. . ■, '-
! J. R. Roaf, engineer for the company
was sworn .'and' produced plans of
Nos.,'1 and 2'mines', and explained his
reason-for7stating--thafc-NOi-r-l— and—:2
were different ,'seams. •
,'' Manager "Shanks explained that the
price paid in, No. 1 south, 55 cents, was
not*, changed' from' the old agreement
because that'mlne""'did not **$ork!at the
time the agreement was,made."* 'The;
statement -'of wages'* earned in' No. 1
since March by the men working in No
1 south was shown by a statement submitted by. Chairman ■ Stockett to" be
an average of $3.79, the highest,being
$6.95. , ' . .^ ''.,.'
"'„'.,,-'   Statement1 Questioned    ' *-' ,
This statement '/waB questioned' by
Mr." -Stubbs and ' it was ' ascertained
from the evidence of William Lancaster, pit boss, in' that mine, that there
were other men working ln the mlno
-arid'this statement Included only tho
25 men working on the long wall part.
It did not show the number of. shifts
lost. From this it was evident that
nn avorago of wages earned by all mon
working -in No. I south could not bo
mado from tho statomont producod,
Men had boen coming and going In that
mine and Mr.'Lancaster could not nay
how many men had workod there. Probably half tho men working wero mako
up men and ho had gono to the chock*
wolghman to got tho tonnage theso
mon had mado.
Mr. Lyons had nvorogod $5 a day
In this mlno for March. ■ Lyons workod alono on a faco 30 to 40 foot" long
and did not havo to stop for timbering
moro than oho 'day In sovon. Mr.
LnncnBtor had oarnod $1 to $6 a day
four years ago at 60 cents a ton] Ho
was now getting $4,75 at tho job of
pit hoRB, Miners could cam as much
monoy now as four years ago but tho
earning powor was a littlo loss on account of the coBt of living. Ho could
savo monoy on what ho-wan now got!.-
Nick MIhcIbco hnd workod for tho
compnny sovon yonrs nnd hnd workod
nt Conl Crook for tho Inst two yonrB.
Ho hnd workod Intoly In No, 5 mlno
and had put cokh on top of 10 foot
posts. Thoso ho built up of lagging.
Somo of thoso cogs wnro ono foot,
Romo )(*!«» nnd somo morn In holght.
Ho got nothing for this. ITo did not
hnvo a sufficient supply of tlrnbor nnd
hnd to go homo In Novombor nt least
olght times becniiHO of Inck of timber
nnd other onuses, Tie Imd to got other diggers to holp him put. up heavy
Chairman Gordon was Interested
and when Gray refused to answer a
direct question Dr, Gordon asked him
if he would make a statement to himself in private. Mr. McLeod thought
it. should be made to the board' but
the chairman said he would take it
alone. ' If such a state of things existed the chairman thought it- would
destroy the usefulness of any investigation-committee., The company records showed that Mr. Gray had worker 151 days* in 1910", receiving $790,
an average of $4.74 per day. This was
for contract work and his day work
ran the total up to $909, and cut his
daily average down to $4.60.
, Arthus Warring had worked in jS-o.
9 with bullwheel and .had-.-complained
of difficulty of getting cars up the
stope and difficulty-in working with
the device.,        * ,„    ,     J
The company's statement- showed
$3.80 as the average wages .earned in
No. 5 mine. - ".',.',
.... "Also lost time
Thomas Beattie who worked in No.
1 "north had griexarices regarding getting timber and had lost as much-as
eight days In a month on account of
lack" of supplies." This' witness stated
that he had to go into other rooms to
gel diggers to, help him. This was
stated to be endangering his chance of
obtaining„gpmpensatioh in case.: be
should be injured outside of his own
working place and some discussion ensued upon this point. He had to go
there to,get help or go home and he1
took the risk of violating regulations
in order, to do his work.
Pit boss Wilson, under whom Beattie
worked, was on the stand at adjournment*.. His evidence' did ,not coincide
*Tvith~ihat*i6f"nBeattie. .    ,r **. ;      _______
,' It may. be pointed out that in connection with the •nJerages'Tsubmittecl by
the. company tbo only statement of
earnings" sworntowwh'ere in connection
with Nd. 2 Mine. , The first state-'
ment ot earnings submitted in connec-.
tion with this mine covered 25 men,
and it was made to appear that-this
statoment applied to all mon working
In'the long wiall sections of that mine.
William Lancaster, pit boss, in examln-
nfton,'admitted,*, that this .was only a
partial sttement,. that lt .'represented
tho. gross ernlngs, nnd that lt only applied to ono particular portion pf tho
mine. - ] A full statement of nil men
working in tho long wall sections was
later presented ns a crsult of this examination.,,
Objections wero frequently raised by
tho representative of District 18 to
Btatemonts of costs and earnings being made matters of record without bo-
Ing mado undor oath, an this gave no
opportunity of finding out how thoso
statements were compiled; but not until the adjournment tills morning did
tho Chairman uphold tho objection,
which was on tho occasion of nn at*
tompt mndo by Mr, Wilson, tho general mnnngor of tho Crow's-NobI Pnfls
Coal Company to submit In the samo
manner n statement of tho Company's
rovenuo from all sources, Tho objections raised woro bnsod on the fnct
that, whilo tho statements, so far ns
tho figures woro concerned, might bo
nbsolutoly corroct, the Information
that might bo produced by exnmlnntion might considerably modify thoir
offoct. nnd as such statements nro In-
vnrlnbly tnkon up by tho press, thoy
should, In fnlrnoBs to nil nonuornoil bo
tho-oii**'! ly Invostjgnled nnd oxii.nlnod
nl the tune thoy nre mndo thn prr-poity
of tho honrd.
THE CHAIRMAN: I would like to
say to the ,committees-on both sides
that, after this    statement, we shall    "
rise the Board to allow them the op-
, -    '  '      ' v       i
portunlty of considering certain propositions that* I propose to make to
them. -  These: propositions , will   be,
based upon propositions made by' the '
two members of .the board representing either party.    It will be a proposition for which.the chairman will be s
responsible..   It will not bo an ideal
outline' for"r"anjIdeal settlement; I did
not,expect that.    'That'.Is impossible
in the time  we have just''now, and impossible upon the partial investigation
we have carried on; yet, the proposl- .-
t'ion will be reasonable. ' ,I--may say,
further, that'the propositions are J offered simply as a peace measure, *'wifh
a view to securing at this time a'resumption of operations, if possible.' It -
Is extremely important to tho opera-    -
tors, with, all-their heavy responsibilities and obligations.' that the    work
sho'uld be resumed as early as possible,"'
anil if is'extremely .important'to-the
iniju'ri-j -population .-the miners, wuh
tbeir families, that the woi>k stiouid ln>
roamed as soon-ras c.r it is possible , <•
to do'so; and I'w'opM like.to. dd£.too,
lh-ii it is important- rn' the officials of"
;l:e organization, who arf.charged'.ith
ths responsibility of loo'dn-j aftcrjthplr i'
interests, that' the resumption; should
take**place without delay.' '"!As F-Have"
staled, these propositfons/ar'e .to;'be
submitted this, afternoon.,tb;both"part- '.
ies. ' It,would be a'plty;that"the Board \
should adjourn-without at least"au at-   7
tempt to have an end. put to the. pre-  ..,
whole country deplors, and whicli both *5
parties must-deplore.");-,.    .       .      ■-'
I,might also say th.eWpropositions .
may not be acceptable,to'both parties,
and elther,;ijarty-ema"y' feel, perfectly ,
'free to "declitae,v'!6rilUo'4Vci8pt*/'*with-iutl ■
jrejpd'lcb.'5 ^t''.i{iiy possibly, seem ■ to
Olther'partyl'-thiil.ftie^ost of the-re- *
isumptloV'may be'too great to pay;'
that Is a matter for each party to decide.*    If the' cost ls felt to ,be too
great by either party,' then that party
wiljireject the propositions. ""'.,' -
I want to say that though the propositions to my mnld. aro not ideal,
they aro offered slmply.'*as a- measure ,-
to securo the resumption of operations
and though the cost may be heavy to
either party. I trust the proposals sub.
mitted this afternoon will bo nccopted.
Let me furthor say that, In any case,
whothor nccopted or not, tho Investl^a*.
tion will -bo continued by tho board
until ench party Is satisfied that nil
tho facts arc mndo publio llnu ought
to i-o made public. ,
Thc board will rlso now until 12
o'clock, at which tlmo I hopo to pis .o
In tho hands of each party the propositions I shall make as a basis of sottlo*
ment. nnd for tho immcdlaio ronump-
tion of work, nnd the furtiio" lino cf
n-***.*on by tho Bonrd will be nnnounr-od
to olthor party.
Our latest news Is to the effect tint
the two committees repressn'.lifj tlto
Irtorc-seted parties are s.ll n session,
cnilc-erlng the proposals preurntcil by
the Cl airman at the elnio'l session
h\k' at 1.30 this afternoon, The
Boo.rd Is to re-convene nt ..-1-1 to re
eclve the result of these discussions,
ni d If we are unable to lay foil-re our
roirterti the final reiuif of the sfi-ugplo
in t**i» Issue, we pnmlfe th_tn t; dr no
l*i all probability wU"i a special issue
t.rio.row. Saturday.
stand thnt tho nncmtlnn of union duns
came up, Mr Mnclnod ln looking over
lho statomont of Mr Cllmlo discovered
lint In ono month ho had boon charged
with ovor $0 In duos to tho union nnd
tlvo vrnm ""it i'tit n'«"*i*o-i I-  "ll Mm • thi-inrtit thnt n vc-rv honvv try in jinv
Indies 15.
"'Tho hopo, for humanity undor Socialism consists lh tho fact that then,
for tlio flr«t tlmo, will tho physcholo*
glenl Initiative of mnn bo freed from
Uio destroying nnd crushing weight of
■nfconomlc conditions nnd amterlal wi-
vlroment. and will bone***, In Its turn
domtnnto humnn life. Of tlio Inenlcu-
lublo magnitude of the revolution this
will Imply none cnn doubt who havo
once grasped (ho meaning of tho his.
torlc development of tho pnst."--K.
itelfort W(w.        V.
mines thoro oxoept No, l'nnd old No.
3, nnd was working In No. 1 south
when tho mines 'closed down. Ho
was paid, by day work. No prlco
hnd boon sot on wido work. Three
dollnrs wns paid for lho work by tho
dny, Tlo explained that tlmboring
was moro difficult, nnd thnt tho fnll*
uro to provide timber ns nec-dci 1 wnn
a source of goneral complaint. Ho
had made such complaints blmiself.
Whilo working In No, 5 ho had lost
tlmo because of lack ot tlmbor. this
loss probably amounting to three dnyH
a month,     Throd prices woro pn''-
for unionism, It developed that this
heavy chnrgo wns tho rosult of losing
his rncmbon-lilp nccordling to tho union
rules nnd he hnd to ho reinstated, Dw
Inltntlon too bolnfr $10.whlc.i ho wiia
allowed to pny in Installments.
The lawyer hnd lot down the burs
nnd Vlro-prosldont Stubbs rnn In with
thlH 'remark."Our friends nrrons tlio
room having sot tho oxnmplo of prying Into tho private affairs of tho
United Mine Workers, It might* bocomo nccoHsnry for. this side of tho
hous** to enquire Into tho cost of he-
Mr, Wilson (-thr-wort bv thi* rornrrt
thnt this mnn hnd workod 10fl dnyn In
1010, nt iin avorago or $3,r>0, but tho
witness could not agroo with this. He
showod somo of his statements and for
ono   monMi   ho   X\\lrX   roovnlvod      t*t 71*1'
gross for nix days work,
,,  ..      Interesting Witness
J. W. Gray sworn, prov.l nn lntor-
ruling witnoss, Ho hnd ninny com-*
plnlntK, nmong thom bring the fact
that he hnd to build cogs on the top
of 10 foot poets, nnd hunt up liln own
Iru-ging with which to do It. He flint*
o-l tlmt mon did not nn uniti** llko to
romplnfn lo the official!!, 11»*.-»c* offlrlnls
In turn not wishing to carry -rrimplnlnta
lilK.-.-r up. this nclofl nH a diilon-wit
to tho num nnd mnny tlmoi* Mi-en there
| was nmplo cnuso for complnlnt nono
longing to the operators' s*»r;rrlntinn)wfm mndo tor this ronton.
I ' I
Privy Council
Will Decide
Word has just boon rocolvod to tho bffoct that
low. to appeal to tbo Privy Council of Oroat Britain in tho Krzuz vs, Crow's Nost Pass Goal Oo. compensation caso has boon granted. Whilo it taken
considornblo timo to got tho maohinory in motion in
such caBos, novortholoss shows tho determination of
the minors 01 Western Cannda to tako tho caso to
thc highest possible tribunal and obtain a decision
which shall placo any future caso beyond quostion.
Tho act was framed as a compensation act and for
rendering: assistance to tho dependants of miners
killed while following- their occupation, and In our
opinion, irrespoctivo of the fact whether thoio dependants live in British Columbia or St. Peters-
burgh. Tho caso has aroused great intorost and
tho rosult is awaited by thoso affocted with rt firm
belief in thc ultimate triumph, of their causo.
Eckstin and McTajrgart are acting for tho miners. _■■_ » W'i'_ _ * ^V-
^f^yf-y <^y^---,
• ■*       y
_*_i        •*
you WORK,,,   V
B. PErXlSmnGVOUR5lvii_65,
Grin CARRY IT. °
people Just /is careful
/ind cautious .is
you cnn be,
WITH TOE Win Willi
fl posm.GiviriG
youRwr.E oppress -
write to-p/iy.
1 *    - i .   ..-**" - * -       -,-*-_    •''•-•-.,•'
Condition and Quality of A ir of Greater
Influence on Explosions Tthanj
the Air Content 7
In 1894, after several years _nvesti.*
gation- of the subject of coal-^ust *,ej^
plosions, the British' commlsst0a ^
sented .-the following conc\usjQns;
"Coal dust alone without the Presence
of any gas' at all, may cause a ^an.
gerous explosion if ignited by t^ i)jown.
out shot or violent __iflammatl(.n ~ To
produce" such a''result, howeyer the
conditions must be exception' ^n(J
are only likely to be produced on r^fe
occasions."   The truth" and tl\e gjgnj.
ficance of this statement is
so  evi-
What Are
YOU Worth
Froiii ihe
It Is estimated tbnt
tlie nvorngo mnn Is
wortii $2 a day from
the neck down—whut
Is lie wortii from tlie
neclc upf
' Thnt depends entirely upon trnlnlmr.
If you aro trained so
thnt you plnn nnd
direct work you nro
worth ten times ni
much ns the man
who cnn worlc only
under orders.
The Intirnilloriil
Ccmigondinci Scho oil
co to the mnn who Is
Rtruntrllntr nlons on
small pny nnd sny to
him, ''Wo will trnln
you for promotion
right whero you nro,
or we will qmillfy
you to tnko up n
more congcnlnl lino
of work nt n much
higher Sdlnry,"
Kvory month rov-
jrnl lutndrod stu-
dunti voluntarily
report nrivmicomcnt
< < ns Ihe direct result
of 1. C. 8, trnlnlna..
You need not li-ave
your piesent wnrlt,
or your own homo.
Mark this coupon at
once snd mnll II.
; Box 709, Scrinlon, IM. •***,
a* r-ltrnn •inl'iln, wlthnu-l luitlur ulilluMlun .,*. my "
I (nil, turn I cnn <|u«)itv fur ■ l«i.(_ tulii. ni_.l _
I «(lvinc«nifnl lo lb* pi>illii>r_   lulun ♦
* A'aw/	
* StfMt ami Jx>o..
* Cih	
 _  ....  puilt .
which   I   hnvo  liuik'tl X.
lul -W.lt.'
Sfihllietuol Drill.min
s-ioN-Cod Willi.
• Irnlu.ll tri)i.»ii
W('.4qw Tfimmir
Rlrufitiit* 1 Hia'tirrl'in
Civil bnvl.i C__mii
Cg. Inoler ina Uuildir
Ormmi. Ul Utllg^tr
r*,.,*,ri nininti.r
Mighinlgil C.fjlnut
Cl.ll tUQln.li
11, Hi CsMI'"*!!'*. t".,
9*t,i*.i, Wft.hi«,|i|
Kliolfloil £i,|jia.ir
Mlitica E. olPltr
II. nXL.ti,.,
WW   a*   .'l»   0.  ■■»  »' _ a  •**  mm.  nl
Furniture Store
Highest Prices Paid
dent that it seems remarkalbe -jj^ -so
little has been accomplished ii\ tj.e ln_
tervening years to' determine \he na;
tnre of these 'exceptionaF coi\^itjons
Insufficient'investigation in the nrec.
tion suggested by the British -jemmis.
sion is largely responisble for the", fact
that coal dust is even now' co*^sj,jered
the most potential. and all-irnp0rtant
factor in a, so-called ■ dust e^pioslbn;
For many years the tavestlg^0rs/0j
the explosion problem have lQok^ to
the dust cloud-and followed it; ag^e
only, guide to lead them to t\e rjg]jt
solution^ but apparently they ^re ^m
wandering' in the wilderness' bj* uncer.
tainty.       ; c   *., ,
"As a cause of explosions. I ^ave no
faith'In the theory-of occlud^ gas;
in the distant ■ discharge of explosive
mixtures by,pressure; in the combustion of-coal by friction;''or,.tae ^
known atmosphere; generated ^y. ,ej.
ectric current. • . . , ' - -,.v
- f'The cause of mine explo^Q^g, j
believe;, are well .'within the present
knowledge, of-chemistry and -phy-skis
but it isbthe lamentable ignot-an£e ^
the interpretation of.the mn*ititu(jin.
ous and therefore c'omplicate-j conai_"
tions 'which exist, each" of whl^, gjm.
pie of. comprehension in itself, ^^ en_
ormously.complicated in"the'a^g'r^gat);
ThaT*na_T"s6'~fat" prevented' aT"rat-{onai
explanation* of all.".
The logic of the fcbove ren\arkg by
Mr. Haas is ,* eminently sound., There
is nothlng'mysterious about ,just' €J£.
plosions, and there Is, In my Judgment
nothing unexplalnable :about their occurrence1 or ^behavior, if cause, an(1 ej_
feet are properly correlated. *jn tlljs
article I shall advance no rie\v theories. -I shall only attempt to present
the facts as I have been able to as.
certain them .through investjga^fjjjg
and through comparison of cOndltjong
as they existed in .mines In w*i,jcll ,ex;
plosions, occurred, with the view of
establishing their relationship to ea(;h
other, and their mutual offec^    »
To get first-hand Informatlon ag to
what conditions may develop in th0
near vicinity of a Lshot fired \n >\aG
coal,. I  mado  lhe  following iexperi.
monts ln nn lown mlno:   Tl\0* pyace
selected for tho experiment Was Rn
ontry. slightly dipping, 6 ft. x 8 ft< ln
tho clear. Its faco at a dlstanco 0f
from  CO to 75 feot beyond \-j10 la8t
cross-cut.,     The conl  Is  bla^ort  off
tho solid and shots woro prej.avo(j ^y
tho miners working ln that ^niry' \n
tho regular ,way.    A fow foot ins'|llo
of tho last cross-cut a nmnbTjy ot ln.
tinted pnpor bngs woro suspo^-^ ,1)y
short BtrlngB from a collar^ \\\rC' W(lB
connected horizontally halfway    -f,^.
woon roof nnd bottom with [^Q iogB
supporting the cpllnr, and otl\or lmiJ9
woro suspondod from tho \vlv0i ^XQ&Q
bngs bolng nbout 0 Inchos f(.om tj,0
floor.     Tho observers woro statlonod
In tho cross-cut nnd could voi\,i|-|y 800
nny movomont of the bags,    tj10 <.>x.
porlmontfl   woro   mado   (sn   „t|]j n(rj
Tho shot fired nt tho first olmorvn.!
tion   was   rntlior vlolont. th*-*-,   ^nf.Si
both tippnr nnd lowor woro blown 0,^
wnnl willi coiiBldornblo Torco ^nt ro.
tiirnod InBlnntly to tliolr f>rlRl*imj p0Hl.
tion.    ImVnoilliilo Invoellgatlr,,, fl|10W,
oil no powder mnoko nlong l),0 f|00l.
of tho ontry for a conHld('ri\i,|Q (i|fl.
I nn co Inside tho crows .ul, nm) n vory
rapid nlr movomont nlong t),0 ^Qnr
to wnnl tho fnco,     Conflldorn\*,]n i,0ft1
wns found In the upper part, or ,j)0
ontry, especially nonr tho fnr-Q     -p|10
shots at Iho socond and thlr^ ol)flor.
vatlon cnusod a fnr loss vlolo^ |n|Urt]
ontwnrd forco.     Tho pnpor, *im(-8 jn
each case wore blown outwi\rrt    ^)Ut;
Instnntly swung bnolc.    Vory i|tM„ n(l,
movement along tho floor toward tho
fnco was noUeeiiblo.    Tlio dt_Rroo nf
licat prceont was found  to D0 j^
cldcdly lees tlmn In tho first observation.
Tho shot fired nt tlio first nhsprvn-
tlon plainly showed diingorc,,,,, (Gn,
ilonclos, nnd It mny bo roa80nn-,,*(y nB.
Hiinind flint, with n furthor |ncronqo
of bont nnd flame Intensity nt ,^0
faco, hh might bo produced by u 1)lown
known method of action In bringing
about a rapid equalization^!.!"temperature of contiguous gas bodies of different temperatures. . Tho results
d-.v't)oped in the first experiment, des-
ulbed above pJDlnly Indicate the manner of an explosion's initial-scan and
p-ove erroneous the generally, pra-
*• ailing theory regarding this process.
tlif.ii the concussion produce-]- by a
blown-lout shot, cr'n other violent inflammation, atlrs'tli- the,d:_s*:, thai
the., flame projects itself into the
suspended dust ahead, keeps.on striking into it or impinging on it, and that
by this method an explosion Is extended as long and ^as far- as there
is any dust from tlie flame to reach.
In other words, according to this
view, the flame "must derive and sustain its vigor by attacking the rear
portion of a rapidly receding 'fuel,
supply. It seems to me that it must
require the absolute .disregard of immutable- laws and facts to believe
that tremendous explosive effects can
be obtained under such conditions.
The, first effect' of the shot in' the
face of the, entry resulted in ■ driving away^from the face the 'air contained in the space near it and with it
any dust "it might hold. This momentary, deficiency in the air supply
near the face undoubtedly "was a t?,c-
'orv tn preventing immediate dilution
And* ignition" of some oi the * com'.us
tibl- gases produce 1, In," diminishing
the initial heat intensity,' and in reducing the size of the' flame, the latter conditions causing an immediate
reaction together witlr a * rapid inflow
of air-along the floor. From this it
can , be •*• reasonably assumed that,
should the fresh air supply along the
floor reach the face before the flame
too low,-the flame will be Immediately
=___., . _,  -^
For   Secondhand   Furniture,. Stoves,
Tools, etc., also Lsdle*.   and Qentl*.
men's Cast-off Clothes.
Tv/o-chalr Barber Outfit for Ssle,
0. RADLAND, 'Prop,
ont shot, tbo forco nf iho outwnnl
mil, tbo condr-iuont ln<.fiH,tu„om„
reaction, nnd tbo rnpldlty or nlr flow
iiluiiK 1 lie floor to wnnl tlio f;n,,} wmilll
be Incrensptl proportionate^ T)l0
read lon nnd fie nlr Inflow .n ln(t
nMitiiir-r stnted woro ovldently t.nilBc.t|
by tlm r-ffod of^thf 'mmpdli)t0 (,oo],
Ing of part of tbe lientftl K'-h,... m-ar
U.t f_icc, an-t th" Rhrlrkn-,*, u. ,()i,
hIzo of tlto flnmo, nnd by nntuvo1, .lVu|i
enlarged, the; gases .present will
brought-to the explosive point and ignited, with the result'that'the extent
of this" second inflammation may be
far greater than the first, especially if
the ingoing air is dusU laden.* ,   All
this will transph*e so rapidly that It
will be practically impossible to distinguish the second Inflammation from
the first, except In such exceedingly
rare Instances as noted in the starting-of the Minneapolis mills explosion.   * It Is further' evident that the
same conditions that Influenced an'explosion's start must necessarily obtain
in  Its  propagation.    .The heat and
flame area varies In intensity and size
during every'moment of the, explosion's  progress;   there  ls  a contln-
ous shrinkage,arid'expansion of flame
producing and reproducing  with   Immeasurable rnpldltjr tho samo effects
pr'osonco and Influonco of this dyna-
as at Us stnrtlng point. - * It Is tho
mlc forco1 that produces high explosive effects, and ln Its absence the
has provod comparatively   harmless,
more contact of flnmo nnd conl dust
Tho results of experiments and laboratory tests clearly and convincingly show that oxploslvo, offocts nnd
tho propagation of nn oxploslon cnn
only bo producod by tho forolblo Injection of air nnd dust Into tho flnmo,
Peckham nnd Pock oould only produco oxploslvo offocts by blowing tho
ilus't Into tno flnirif  by monns of n
hollows.     In   the   experiments   by
means ot a bellows,   In tlio experiments by Riiglor, by HolUwnrt nnd
Moyer, by Bed son and' Wlddns, nnd
by Prazcr, tlio dust wns. Ignited by
blowing It Into tho flnmo by compros*
sod nlr,    Doctor Frazor, In speaking
of this mnnuor of producing oxploslvo
offocts, innliCB tbo "following remarks
of fipoelnl slgnlflcnnco: 'Unless thero
ls nn oxcoptlonnlly lnrgo nmount ot
dust In tho nlr ©xporlonro shows that.
Ignition does not tnko plnco from a
nnked flnmo,     This fnct Is llliiBtrnt-
od by tho work of Clnllowny nnd Hint'
of Mallard nnd l.o rlinloiler, wlio iiboiI
for the sourco of Ignition    different
kinds of naked flimic., nnd n:cordn
with tbo conclusion \ which tlioy roach-
oC as a'rosult ot tliolr work.    It, vlll
bo rocallod too, '.'mt Holtzwnvi nnd
Jluyor drew nttontloi to tho fact tlmt
no lenltlrtn wnn nbt.ilnort If th-^v Introduced llgnlto dust Into ttljelr ftp-
pnrntns, nnd, nftcr   establishing   tho
Bpnrlt. botwoon tbo tormlnnls within,
dlssomlnnted tbo dust In tlio nlr by
Bbnklng the tube,    Ilut when the dust
wnn puffed betwefin the termlnwls by
compressed nlr, Ignition occurrod,*
• Undor tbo direction of tho Chostor-
flnld nnd Derbyshire Tnatltuto of Kn-
glnonrs "oxporlmcnts woro made In a
gallery 82 Teot long, 1(1 Inchos wide,
nnd 18 Inches doop, conn-i'dod with a
'•hliwiny  to  produce  nn   alr-eurr-niit.
Onnl dust wns Introduced at tho open
end of tho phninbnr and carried In by
the" current.    A Iioimo pistol was used
1o stimulate n blown-out shot.    Tho
violent explosion, resulted. - In„the
opinion of the. observers It was more
of an .nflammatlon than an.explo-
lon." It may be said that the failure
to produce1 ignition was due to the
limited size, of the flame produced
by the small .powder charge;- but "this
cannot-, be the reason because In the
experiments of Peckham and Peck
and others a much smaller flame was
used.* as the.inciting cause,'yet ignition resulted in "every Instance and
with all kinds of combustiblei dust.
• The unfavorable results of '.ie Derby
shire experiments can only be* accounted fpr by' the fact that the' pistol was discharged, at the open end
of the' gallery and that consequently
the primary air compression* in , the
gallery from the effects of the shot
must' have been very small, because
the major portion of the pressure produced by the explosion of the powder
charge would "naturally seek immediate 5-ellef through the .open end, arid
therefore the reaction In the gallery
'was too feeble to carry-a" propagating
supply' of-air, and. dust to the flame
before  it became  extinguished.
I believe that the lack of investigation in'the* past, of the value of the
air factor, both.in a physical and
chemical sense, In connection with explosions ha3 been a mistake, and judg-
InH- from Mr. Rice's remarks 1n  an
- * r^
article  on, the  explosibility  of  coal
dust, it appears that the mistake is
to be continued, arid that irivestigators
have about concluded that everything
relating to the air factor has been discovered, making further efforts iri' this
direction,7uselesss.      Mr. Rice says:
"The -belief' has, prevailed very generally among'mlning men that because a
dust, "explosion is-usually manifested
'feeds ' on' the fresh'air' * or advances
against the air-current. " When it is
considered that,th.eroxygen content of
the return air of/„the average, mine
In  this  country, rarely shows  a decrease of more than7^ to-1 per cent,
of oxygen "from the. normal, and that
the combustion,of'the.coal dust would
not be1" seriously affected unless' the
deficiency exceeded 2 or 3 per cent,
or  possibly  more, '.ft  is  clear  that
there can be little real basis for this
Impression.   * In tbis same connection,
the idea has also been expressed .that
th'o ..fan'was blowing In fresh air, for
the explosion to feed .upon, and that
this- accounted  for, the greator ' destruction nt the lntakb frequently manifested * When It Is considered that the
speed of a dust explosion, measured
over only, a short distance from the
origin,  as  Indicated  by tho Altofts
pxpbrlmonts, is 1400 feet per second,
a rate presumably ^ loss   thnn   when
tho oxploslon is under greater headway, and, on tho other'.innd, that the
speed of tho ventilating curront would
bo'nt„most.ono-slxtl(jth pnrt of that
rate, It Is obvious that the frosh nlr
Introduced,'during."ari explosion cannot play any part In Its propagation,
except by tho momentary mechanical
pressuro required to ovorcomo tho In-
ortla of the alr-ourront,,    Tho fact
tbnt n dust oxploslon  doos usually
sook tho Intake entries ls duo to nnotlior cause;' namely, that the frosh
nlr has dried tlio coal dust along the
ronds, whoronB ln tho return airway
of mlnos of any slzo tho alrcurront,
bolng saturnted w^tli water, has   no
such drying offoct,    The prosence of
tlio dust Is tho nll-lmportarit thing."
Aro tho conclusions prosontod In tbo
nbovo stii!omont   -warranted by tbo
fncts?     Tho mining moil  may not
havo stntod tho caso In scientifically
corroct lntigungo when thoy iiHld thnt
tho explosion 'foods on tbo froBh nlr,"
but, whothor  tlio  expression  Ib cm-
tlroly npt or not Is Immntorlnl, tlio
fact remains that It Is a fair exposition of tho trulh.    Theso mon based
thoir  conclusions. on  facts as  thoy
observed thom, tlioy know that a gob
flro with Its nlr supply shut off.by
brick wnllB nnd coal barriers ,wlll pro*
long Its oxlBloneo ' by   crawling . toward tho tlulost. stream of nlr that
finds Its wny through,* Invisible flss-
uiuti  --nu  win  uuuck  \\w Binum-ni
V_'.'U'_. lu Un i)i'h*>i. WitHi, hi Un utility tor moro nlr.    Thoy also observed
that  In caso of fierce combustion
(nnd Mr, Rico speaks ' of   "cowbus
tion of conl  dust)   In n placo     ot
»^Ct.... .__»_.uu cnUi-eu*»)UU_i, ixi.M *x,\ ■entry, the flro will ndvanco against air-
current tlmt Its effects created or In-
cronsed. The Delogua oxploilon Is
sn exnmplo of this fact.    Tho truth
[il,                    '
X and Cold Baths :   r
■.<  -*.
■ -., !i
i'-w-*; y\. ,>
Beware of j
Sold .on*-the
Merits of
August 6-11.'
The King Edwarcl7-1
Fernie's.'Leading jpommeJrciai■;"Hotel
A. The Finest Hotel In East'Kootenay
.*; J. L.   GATES, Prop.  •
chnrgo was V. ounce of gunpowdor.
It was flr-wl Into Dio open ond. Out
of tho 134 te-tts with dust alone, ignition was obtain'-**- In "Aft ontwn, Kv«n
when « p«r cent of gns was trle-d no
Tout ouvrier mlntur eit
prlil de ne pas venlr a la pre*
vines d'Albert. ou nu batsln
du Kootemy (Colombl« A*v
glalBe) puilqn'il y a plus da
6000 mns emplol.
is that a dust ** explosion, whether It
travels on the intake or the return, or
anywhere else Iri the mine, will always
advance' against an alr-currerit towards It that must be; sufficient volume and force to sustain Intensely ra-.
pld* and fierce combustion and carry
to it an additional--fuel-supply.- An
explosion cannot have the wlerd and
uncanny faculty of knowing tlie existence of the dusty Bpots and the"damp
places hundreds and thousands of feet
ahead of it, and of choslng Its. course
accordingly. .There must be,, and
ls, a-guiding'agent. . •
■ Mr. Rice's estimate that the differ-
ahead of it, and of choosing its course
and intake air rarely amounts to
more than */__ of 1 per cent.", does not
agree with;results as I found them.
There are many'mines iri.this country
where-in the winter,7the explosion
season'of the,year, tho oxygen content of the'air on the intake may show,
an excess over the oxygen content of
the air on" the'return amounting-to' 5
per -cent.' and more. * I have found
teiriperatures in mines below the freezing .point at a distance of more than
;i,000\feet below the Intake opening,
whiie along the return"'the temperature-was in , the neighborhood'of 60
degrees' above zero. No doubt, there
are "mines, of the. Lick Branch, mine
type!Where under* favorable condition's
the;. low /temperature zone may be
found still more .extensively, but with
a fairly high'-temperature -prevailing
on.the-return.- -Supposing that just
befor. the second Lick Branch mine
.-***,-     *^'    *    . V
.explosion on_,January 12, 1909,*>the-
average ° temperature of the air - in
the intake'entries near,tlie new. mrile
opening was 32 degrees.and that the
temperature of the air on the return
In the .old mine was 60 degrees, then
the excess of oxygen' content Iri the
Intake over that In the return amounted' to about 5 per cent. It, is true
that Mf lOO'pounds of air, eriter. a
mine at .the' Intake ln a given time,
about 100 pounds of air' must leave
lt at the return in the same tlmo and
the effect of air expansion Is compensated by an Increased, velocity, but
this Is clearly not a question as to
how much oxygen passes ,a glvon
point In a mine in a glvon time under,
the ordinary - method of ventilation,
but a question as to how much-oxygen ls contained in the different parts
of n. mlno at' the momont an explosion occurs arid the regular, manner
of nlr, flow ls Interfered with.
To Illustrate tho mattor I refer   to'
conditions ris thoy wero reported   to
have existed In the Marianna mlrio at
tho tlmo of Us explosion on November
28, 1.008.     The mine.was divided In
six. spIItB and'190,000 cubic "foot of
air por mlnuto passed through It just
prior to the oxploslon.     The main
entries, In groups of six, wore driven
from the main shaft ln opposite directions. ' ■ Tho mlno ,was sllll In a stago
of first development and uo rooms
had boon turned.    Taken on an avor-
ngo, tho facos of all tho ontrlos woro
within a radius of Bomowlint Iobb than
I'.SOO feet from "olthor shaft.  On account of, the largo number, of parallol
ontrlos tho Huonr oxtent of the ox-
rnvntlonn nmountod to nbout 25,0) .
feot.     The slzo , of the ontrlos nnd
airways was 0 feet x 7 foot.    Tho
contents of tho underground and openings woro thoroforo about    1 ,[.715.01)0
cubic feet.     Considering .tho dopth
from tho surfaco lt mny bo nBHiimod
thnt tlio normnl tompornluro of tho
mlno would bo around CO dogrooB, but
tho. latter  being  of  limited oxtont
ntul othor   conditions   favornblo,   It
would bo readily nnd nmtorlnlly   affected by chnngon In tho outsldo torn
poraturo.    Supposing thon   thnt   on
the day of the oxploslon condlMoii-t
woro such as to cnuso ti roductlon
of mlno nlr tumporaturo from 00 to
IP dogroos, a dlfforonco of 11 drc-roiB
This drop In mlno air tt-mporaturo
■would  nwnn  nn  lnftr*»ni<« of o*vrrf>n
content In the mlno of .1 por emit,
ubove the normal and It would menn
an oxygen Incrouse, measured by weight ot 850 pounds,     Tlio explosion
traversed the wholo of tho mine In a
fow seconds, and In that short space
of tlmo tho tremendous energy stored
In tho additional 850 pounds of oxygen was mndo available for fiercer
combustion and converted Into an Immensely powerful destructive   forco,
Much has been said About the Influence of the preM-noa ot a small amount of marsh gas (less than t per
msuy  |n  iiiuturlHlly  contributing to
an explosion's development, Us extent and force.    If the addition of this
smalt amount of gas to thc mine air Ib
considered  n  potential  factor,    and
there Hi-omu to be no good re-uon for
7J* " *; -KEAD'OFFICE, TORONTO        7 *"• ■**„"•.
Capital Authorised ... .$10,000,000.00, .Capital Subscribed . .'.*? $5,575,000
Capital.Paid  Up  \.'.\.s.$5,575,00(f '   Reserve Fundj.,....,"'..$5,575,000
D; R. WILKIE,/resident     .    HON. ROBT .AFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
\BRANCHE8..IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA v  '■*'..     y   J
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops,'Michel! Meyle, Nelson,
.  , ' Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.. '    ,   '
l A „ *-* I. "tf *■        I ■*■
Ir.terest allowed on deposits at current, rate from date of deposit. ,
HARD WOOD    . ^
makes you" "dead game""if you
.know where to0 use it..    It's-a'
safe bet that' -'*,*-"* -   ' ,.
taken from the stock of this yard
- is inferior to none, but superior
- to plenty we know of." ' '
SEASONED  LUMBER       *      '
_ purchased froni us is reliable for.
, all building purposes. - Estimates
"given. ''    U ...■■'"    .>    -
_*>    -"-.",-,
Fernie Opera House
"U v \   *       '   *    - '
i      tu        i       ■1   "" ■*■   '
i ' * -   w       *    ** '
Large Airy Rooms &
"Good Board
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Ross & Mackay _»_•
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boot_»and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Mcintosh, McDonald
:" ft Snow
.' -.        ' V"
> 1 ^^^^^^^^
'X    v n   . ^n^-™w
\   "   r '- '
& Builders
, Open fov all kind*-- of business
in tlioir lino
Address Box 07
(Continued on Page 3)
Uur mi[ipllo(l with tho boat WIiioh,
lJ-jiim-i* iuul Clgan*.
j Fernie-Fort Steele   I
" Brewing Cb„ Ltd.   *
Wm. Eschwig1, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome, Cafe Attached
Nowhere In the Pan can be
found In tuch * dltpUy of
Wn  hnxtn *.h*»  h*«t  nttxnay
can buy of Beef, Perk, M'ut'.
ton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eflfl*, trith, .mp«rator Hama
and Bacon**1 Lard. 8au»ag*»,
Welnere and 8auer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go
Phone Bd
Printer's Ink
When u*e-J oa good prciaet and
n«al!y dUpUycd "rj-pe for your nurloa.
eiy u valuihte.     We h*ve tv-fry
fa*.'iiity for doing lhe l>'»t bf Job work,
and At a minimum price, , .v-.,**-1'.-.'. _
■-f. pjf;*"-„- L7*«C**!
■-»■•    -   *        : — : ~ —a_ •    - •■  ■-
.  /
. - »*-cv
***-..  \'S
(Continued from PageJ2)
: 'doubting the'correctness, of the. claim,
- thej effect'* on a;dust explosion of an
increase of; the oxygen contents in'a
'  mine of "several ^per -cent.-above.'the
, "normal" must be alw ^of inconsequence-.
'   By "comparing the known conditions
/ of a large number of,mines* in which
-explosions' occurred).'! found-that the
"^following features-apparently exerted
a well defined influence'on-the magnitude of dust explosions:", The-thlck-
- noss of the coal,, seam, and'the-number of openings from the mine to the
surface with the, entries leading from
, such 'openings to the mine workings.
- In examining the long record of explosions in which coal.dust was found
- to havo been' a contributory cause, the
fact stands out clearly' that the most
violent and widespread ■ explosions of
- this  kind  occurred,, in • mines   -with
'' coal pf fair thickness—6^feet and' over
—and I have-been-unable to find any
, record of a* dust; explosion  ln  this
country in'a. mine -.with .a coal seam
**- ■ of 3^ feet  or ' less., ,* Explosions -oc-
■ curred * in mines where the height of
the seam was between 3*V*_ and four
■.*, feet, ' but'1   their violence-   and1! ex-
- tent were comparatively ■ limited and
,' their force was generally confined to
.- the'brushed entries. * In .[a general
way dust explosions'showed a-decld-
.'.'ed preference for high, narrow entries, and wide rooms were far .less
-affected. It ls but natural that this
shoiiuld be so, for the concentration
; of heat with a consequent increase
In Intensity is' an essential'"feature
in _the propagation of a idust explosion, and the high, narrow entries are
* Jot much; greater assistance ln this respect, than the rooms of• considerably
,"., greater' width; that permits the heal
and flame' stratum to"' thin out and
spread. In a lateral direction. .■ In
seeking the reason why the most des-
,.    tructive arid-extensive dust explosions
so persistently occurred In mines'with
c- coal" seams of, fair- thickness—C feet
or • morer-and why explosions 7 were
\   less-violentland covered-less-ground
' - ln mines with'thinner^'seams, It seems
'. 'obvious*that'a difference in dust conditions could riot account for it,,' for
* 'tlie measure!o__-tlie_liy^gh*___of__.a_:_.cd_al
the greater vlolence^and*. extent'   of
such'.explosions In. thick seams must
,-      .,-•*•      .,     -* ,,*"-, *^. ■
be due," to-_the greater .quantity and
availability of the air supply.' " That
appears to be the logical" reason and
is in;.full" accord with the''conclusion
by .Mr.»Haas:" "Thesquantity Q_f...alr,
rather !than tlie. quantity of ■ coal dust
*,  *     - ', , r    ' ,    *- Vi
Is realy the" measure of the magnitude
of" an .'explosion,'  --
: I found further, that the most destructive and extensive, dust explosions
occurred ln mines -having more than
tlie "usual number.of^surface openings
with numerous and large-sized entries
connecting these openings, with the
llvo workings. As Illustrations Iclte
a few; well-known, cases, The Scofield, Utah, explosion: ,T-wo mines connected; four surface openings. The
Monongah;, W. Va.,' explosion: Two
mines, connected;* six. surface openings. ; The Jwo'Lick Branch, W. Va,-,
explosions; _ .Two* mines connected,
at least four surface openings. ,The
Darr, Ta., explosion: Three surfac-i
openings. /The-- Courrleres, ■ France
explosion:-;' Four, mines, connected;
four hoisting shafts, a centrally located air-shaft, and probably other connections between .these riilnes and the
•surface.";'Of course, the connecting
of mines increases ,the territory, accessible .to'.an .explosion, but0 the size'
of a mine.does not measure, the ,lat-.
ter's'magnitude; for .explosions have
occurred, in'dry and dusty; rnlnes of
considerable extent, yet, the .territory
affected , was comparatively ilimited
and7' their violence correspondingly
small., It appears) therefore, . that
the existence of numerous mine openings , and their appurtenances must
have an aggravating Influence; and,*
If this Is 60, again such Influence can
only be manifested through the action
of-air and air movements made possible by the presence of these openings. . *• , -" ' v ""-. . .' " " . '
« s, - -   -  •
. Before "attempting to, explain ,this
matter,'I will say ..that coal'dust''cannot be-.'considered, an explosive, In
the sense the term Is generally used,
but,-" like other": finely- divided combustible "dusts," "i.s" readily Inflammable
and lna,my view a ■ so-called dust explosion Is" really- Intensely -rapid - com-
JbuatioiLofl available .fuel, the combus-
-v •"*-.
"seam does not-determine-, either "the
;' dust's quantity or Its dryness, fineness*
"or" volatile■'content. ;.,"As  blown-out
"shots produce" about the same* number
of heat units per pound-of "explosive,
and as the quantity of explosive used
■ In a shot In the thlriner,seams'Is gen-
■ orally'as large* arid* .fteii laf-jer'-than
the quantity used In a_ shot In the,
thicker seams; it could not be reasonably , assumed that the explosive had
. any, bearing In tho ..matter,.-.But when
conditions wero, examined the reason
.'for.tho-difference,became plain. In
a "coal seam 6 feet thick,'the air "content per linear foot of extent of excavation space'of equal width Ib 60
per cont groater than' In a seam 4
feot'in thickness, and what, Is porhnpB
still moro Important Is tho additional
fact that (itho facilities for getting tho
groater air .supply ln tho thicker
soam to the burning fuel are propor-
'• tlonatoly bottor, than in tho thinner
scam,'and as a dust explosion Is primarily a mattor of dust combustion,
That whep you put a
calve onto your child. ikln,
ft panes through the potei
and enter* the blood, Just
as lurely as ff you put ft
int) the child. stomach?
You w'ouli not put a
coar.emau of animal fat,
c -lorcd Vy various mineral
poiioi.n (such as many
c.uile salv iYk) into your
chilj's blood by way of the
itomach? Then why do.
sj by way of th-ipoies?
Tut* no rhk. Uu alwty* the
pure h rt*l uuact* prwuttd tn
2j_«-l.pk. Z mr.u. cnnblm,
no trace ol any animal oil or lat,
aid M pUio* oue mineral cot r-
inK mstur. Prom Mart to tiohh
It U (urdy lictbali
.   It will Itcal ior. # ulrtn, »b*ee»
.1    .   _ . ....1....       a.Xa.a.
to,±,       %V-«f .-•>..»'•.       ...,-*..*       6-.*.-    't
cut*, burn* ao. bruises mere
ttuhkly ibia.tay oth*f kr.own
prcpmtioa, It It s-MhepjIc,
tMxkiy itops thc inurllng ol a
tmtt or cut, cures -plUt* tnliinwd
ior«« ind Wood poUonln*?. Una
eomWniilon of hulld* power im
icUot! t,- purity. Aik thoa* who
biv* provtd lu
tlble material affected,In'■a'.mlrie'"ranging all the way  from'the  smallest
particle,to the solid coal."- ■Combustion produced the coking of the solid
coal mines affected by, dust ,explo"-
lsons  . (In the Monongali  ■ mine   the
coal was found .coked to the depth of
3 Inches) and consequently In investigating tho actions of' these  explosions, the effects of tho Influence of
the fundamental principles governing
combustion should have full consideration. , It*,, should also be understood
that, ■ explosions   entirely due to firedamp, and dust explosions, have'little
In common; thoy aro.different In origin, In.manner-of propagation, and effects produced.     Ono."point-of difference Is that In the-fire-damp explosion thoro Is generally a quite notice-
ablo recoil or return rush duo to tho
rapid cooling of tho remaining gas-
oous content In tho territory affect-
oil, wlillo In an extensive dust explosion* this return rush'1 Is almost entirely nbsont.     Many, howovor, bollovo  In tho existence of a return
rush of.consldorabla forco ln tho latter case, and tlio following remarks hy
Mr Itlco may bo talton as oxprosslvo
of tho gonoral vlow on this   subject;
'Following such an explosion thoro Ib
a continued outruslrof burnod gases,
which ofton carry surplus dust nnd
doposit It on tlio leo sldo of projections, uomotlmos  covorlng tho coko
just dopoBltod.    Succeeding thlB.o-it*
rueli thoro Is a return to fill tlio vacuum caused hy tlio cooling' of tho
EftPcs,     Tho return wave, If strong,
may plok up dust and roilopoHlt on
lho loo sldo of projection*, or tho sldo
which faced tho oxploslon.'
Why Bhould the cooling of tlio riibob
ami tho .formation of.lho vacuum bo
dolayoil until nftor tho explosion con*
bob, nml wliat proof If tlioro, for In-
Btnnco, of hucIi delay In tho Dnrr nnd
MotioiiKnh cuhob, where tlio oxploslon
travorHod iiiIIch of mlno workings nnd
roaelioil tho Burfaco? I linvo no doubt
thnt tho londoney toward a vacuum
In tlio roar of thono oxplOHloiiR, duo
to llio cooling of lho gnHos nnrt othor
cntmofl, oxlitod during ovory momont
of thoir progroBH. hut. It certainly did
not produco in thoso InittnncoB the offoct h mcnllonod by Mr. Ulco, olthor
during or nftor tho explosions. If
nn Indplont vacuum hack ol a dust
advance; arid spread along .every! available' channel in a mirieT>,In.fthis'con-
nection- - the importance V and **-p6?sible
influence* of the :nuniber,-;-slze,7and
location of mine openings becomes apparent. ' "Numerous mine*.-:bpenlngs,
with entries'leading from ihem to the
interior, workings will* not only aid
developing above, favorable conditions
in the highest' degree, but" they/will
furnish- just that many, exits for the
explosion-and'.permit: It 'to' make its
attack In'"quick* succession, fir's-?'in
one direction and then In anoth'pr.' Iri
the Monongah,'_ explosion - there** was'
a proved, difference of 5 seconds between the appearance of flame at No.
8 and No.-6 openings, and, as according to" the Altofs • measurements an
explosion travels at the rate of 1400
feet or more per second, 5. seconds
in an explosion represents a Jot of
time.       *■ , •',.: ,,'.'/ '    '
Through the courtGey of ,Mr. Lalrif,
Chief    Department of Mines of the
state of West Virginia', I, received the
following data regarding   air ' movements in mines during an explosion
arid the force such* air movement may
develop..'    When   the  -second   Lick
Branch explosion occurred-.on January
12,' 190D, Mine Foreman Bowers', and
another man were within 400 feet  of
the. Tug River .opening.'    This opening Is about 5.000 feet southwest'of
the' old mine entrance and about .lie
same' distance, ln an , air line, wes't
of< the  new * mine • opening, the . old
mine, aridr the new'mine openings be1
Ing about 2,500 feet apart.   Bowers'
first, intimation  of  something being
wrong was,a blast of cold air coming
from     the Tug River opening that
knocked him down with such force
that  two  of . his  ribs were * broken.
Then' cairie a,hot blast from the interior of. the mine. . Bowers after the
explosion crawled about 200 feet before he'was overcome..He was brought
out  alive  and  recovered,  while his
companion, who had been thrown into
.a ditch and was unable to make any
progress toward the outside, v,was killed.      Only, on .' rare 'occasions   ' can
direct evidence be obtained as' to what
happened  in'-a  mine during an explosion, and Bowers' experience, there
fore, Is of special value, not only-with
ments; but also because his tentlmony
•furnishes*, a reasonable explanation'of
the evidence, frequently rioted ln violent'explosions, of severe strugglesof
'forcesfthat apparently' moved.In opposite directions.     Somewhere Iii that
mine there was at least one collision
between" the ' cold  air" blast rushing
Into the mine with a force sufficient
to knock men down and injure them
seyeroly,  and * the  oxploslon, nnd it
can bo reasonably concluded thnt such
coming" together  of ,'opposing forces
must result In a fierce and destructive
contest.   '       *,"
' The occurrence of two very'destructive explosions in the same mlno, absolutely free from firedamp; well'ventilated  and othorwlso  In  good condl
tion, within tho short space of two
weeks is, as far'as I know, without
a parallel ln tho mining records of
tlils country and presents In an emphatic manner  the  valuable losson
that' tho moro presence of tlio diiBt la
not tho nil Important factor In an .explosion.    Tho Lick Branch oxplosloiiB
occurrod In midwinter and both atnrt-
ed with a fow thousand foot of   the
Instako oponlngs through which largo
volumoB>of,cold air wero drawn Into
tho mlno,     Tho latter's oxygen content was undoubtedly    consldornbly
nbovo tho normnl, ospoclnlly „ nn all
tho openings woro lnrgo-slzoil drifts,
drivon In a practically lovol scam,
thus making tho mlno roadlly rospon-
bIvo to tho offoctB of low outfllrlo torn-
poraturos.     Ab tho coal sonm was
8M, foot thick, with Kood rool requiring no tlmboring, tho mlno piiHBngoB
woro unuminlly high and unoustrupt-
od.    Tho Importanco of UiIb foaturo
has nlrendy boon   shown,    Looking
ovor tho Bltuntlon ns a whole, It np-
ponrs that thoBe favornblo mlno nnd
nlr conditions hnd vn«tly nmro lo do
with stnrtlng nnd ostlondlng tlio ox-
plosions thnn tho dust In tlio mine,
snd that tho monsuro of llio lnltor's
Influonco wns   dotormlnod   by   Uio
A comiiBilron of lho Hnll tests nnU
tho AltoflH oxporlmonlB furnish further proof that lhe conditions undor
which tlio oxiiorlmonts woro mado,
rntlier thnn tho dust prwiont, woro Iho
moro potontlnl factors In, determining
rosults, A numbor of Hall's tests
woro mndo In tho Big Lndy shaft, G30
fnnt rtootx      Thn p film cm  rlinrCPd Willi
* '* In "order, to get yoti, to.try
- ■"Sunkist'**" jOranges' and.,-".'St
actual -
•izo -
. kist" Lemons and thus learn their ex-"
cellent quality, we will send you free the"^
beautiful 'Rogers Orange Spoon here pic-.
tured on receipt of 12   -Sunkist" wrappers
and 12c to cover charges, packing, etc;   "
-   You will find bpth "Sunkist" Oranges'and
nLemons at,nearly every dealer's, packed in individual paper wrappers that bear one of the. trademarks shown  below.' • If they are not packed thus,
they are not the'JuSunkist" kind, ■ but * an inferior fruit.
"Sunkist" Orange-—Choicest Fruit
"Sunkist" Oranges are California's    tree-ripened, firm and solid   All are hand-
|c*choicest  fruit—the  select inspected    picked.   No,fallen, bruised or'over-ripe
crop of 5,000 orange groves.   No other *• oranges     Each -"Sunkist" is a perfect
orange is so sweet, rich and juicy. They    specimen, as delicious as if plucked fresh
are-thin-skinned,'seedless, fibreless,.   from the tree.       ■ ,- ,    "
Rill/ " *_ni_lri_*_f" I _-*.m__n« which'are of thesamchlehqua_ityaB"Sunklst"Oraniret
_>uy OUIUUDI JUCIIluns -solid and sound. "Sunkist" Lemons are so juicy that
two of tliem bo farther than three of any other kind, ln the preparation of do .sorts, sauces and
'«■_*'• teraparat.ee drinks. Tell your dealer you want "Sun- __&Ha
m\a,raaTim   Mat'' Orant.es and Lemons. .__.___,
■>'■ Save the Wrappers Sncdoi
, complete
- /sctofbeautlful.usc'ulorangespoons. IHremitting, please send cash when the amount,
'a less than ?0c; on amounts above 20c, wo *
prefer postal note, money order, express
I .order or Bank draft. Wo will bo glad to send
yon complete list of valuable premiums.
We honor   both. "Sunkut"  nnd ''Red Ball"
wrappers on premiums.   Address
tOS King St. __t  ' , , ' Toronto, Ont.
(.i"j.-lnntnn lu ixtxt ItYivnoiXMoXv n-nd fullv
rm**i!onl*.'*nrt  from tho roar, thon UhJiv, -poundu of black -powder, wrm lO'
an,111'■»«•« fiXit***r
Bllti IfOWlHDMC'
demnndB mimt ho Batl»lled from tho
opposite direction nnd In that case
an (wploslon's speed must bo affected nnd not reduced, nnd If thi* con-
ftitltvn ottntlntw*, nr hr-romt*. moTf*
pronounced, tho explosion's forward
movement will become slower and
Hlowcr nnd may ho stopped entirely,
notwithstanding the presence of lnrgo
aunntltlw of diut, nnd I know from
penonnl experience Hint explo»Ion»
did como to a -utop In lho midst of
en nhundunt fuel supply. It appears,
therefor**, that the etistence of f-Avo-*
able conditions which will facilitate
air jnovemMits In ft mine durlnir an
explosion In such manner' that they
will furnish not only an abundant air
supply for propagation, but also fer •>
j rMtrly filler to prevent the torraaUou
[of a vacuum In the explosive's rapid
explosive used, and under far less favorable conditions of dust suspension,
violent explosions were produced with
unvarying regularity, and without a
single failure., What caused this difference in * results,-if it was .not'the
difference and * influence of surrounding conditions? ' Jf there were'*, exceptional conditions at Altofts, and'If
the-British commission was right that
exceptional conditions must exlsUto
cause - an explosion in a non-gaseous
mine,-, it is 'clear that a full explanation.and understanding of ""their, character and value must be secured to
assure the. final solution andv settle*
ment of the explosion problem.- •_ ;
There - is'' no lack of measures that
have been • suggested for the prevention , of dust' explosions, for limiting
their extent, and for providing means
of escape1 for the mine workers after
an 'explosion, but the wide difference'
of opinion . regarding their • effective--
ness makes it difficult to decide-as
to "which, If-any, of the proposed-re-
medies * promises to be of sufficient
i       ■*■_-*. ■ - ^ ->     .
value to warrant general adoption, and
it* may help some toward the adjuBt-
-'---_--.'•'       ^ * *.        , =.  -
ion to examine" the' more prominent*
ly mentioned.remedies in the light of
facts "obtainable regarding them.   "
'- .It has been proposed that numerous
openings, connecting the mine -workings  with; the  surface,  be' provided
In' ."order, to  limit the extent * of explosions and to give the mine workers'
additional means of escapo from    a
mine' should an explosion, occur In It.
I am of - the opinion that their presence In connection with dust1 explosions will do Infinitely   moro   harm
thnn good.     Thero were    numerous
openings In the Monongah Mine and
there were many entries leading to
thom (from  tho workings,  yot their
existence did not limit the explosion's
oxtent. nnd did not savo" a .single life.
There were nlso numerous Bhnfts nt
Courrleres, but tlio oxploslon ln those
mines on   March 11, 1000,.destroyed
moro than 1,200 Hvob, and tho number
of' the mon who escaped after tlio oxploslon-was  pitifully small.     Additional mlno openings should bo' mndo
wherever necessary,'for tlioro nro othor mnttors to bo considered In mining
besides oxploBlons,  but.'If they nro
mndo, lt should bo understood thnl
thoy aro not only nlmost.usoloBB ns
menns of.escnpo nftor :'an oxploalon,
but' thnt' thoir proBonco  will  nafllst
vory matorlnlly    In    lncronalng Its
vlolonco nnd extent nnd thus contribute to tho tcrontor destruction of
The  ubo   of  wntor  hy  Bprlnkllnp,
sprnylng, or otliorwl-ao Ib nlso proponed ns u romedy.     It lool:s effective
but novortholoBS thero Is a bnwlldor-
lild difference of (pinion rowirdlnu
lit- vuiuo,   Somo,. *-rb contldcn*. tli't
tlio explication of wntor it n euro
lomr'ly, while other**} are Just ns rotl-
ti'V In lliolr bollof thnt Dw presence
of wntor Is a dotrlmont nnd tends to
mnko an oxploslon moro sever.*, nnd
thoro nro still others with views varying nil tho wny between the Iwo ex-
troinofl.    Proof thnl tho   prcBonri of
moisture will prevent   nn   explosion
under nil elrciimBtnnces Is not obtnin*
nblo, 1ml thero Ih fnlr proof of mhob
wlioro tlio extent of oxploBlons wns
nppnrcntly limited hy the presence of
consldoinhlo motsturo or long Btretch-
os of wntor In tho roadwnys.    Tlioro
Is also proof thnt while the presence
of water nppu-*<*:ntly, stopped th« pvo
pro**  nf   flnivn*    It  did  not   st-vi  'lit**-
heated nnd  poisonous  wnon     tronw
pnsslnit over nnd sprcadlnR with deadly effect throuKb the mlno working
beyond.     A«ain, thcie Is still olhor
proof Hint tlio presence of considerable mrilBtun* neither prevented <**••
plosions nor hnd nny Appreclnhlr* Influence In limit Inn their extent and
violence, an the following will show.
Mr.  New sam reports  this  Instance:
A drift openlnc had been extend-*!
103 yards under Rrotihd, wet from the
being black powder and,the amount
less than 3 pounds., .The, owners of
the Vulcan mine. In "Colorado, desiring to make the mine as "safe as .possible, installed an elaborate sprinkling system by which It could be kept
at" all .times in a thoroughly "damp
condition. Along the entries pipes
were' laid, perforated in such manner
.that the water in thorn,'forced out under considerable , pressure * ■ in fine
sprays, moistened not only the bottom
of the entries, but the sides and roof
as well. The owners did not stop
with only providing means for' keeping, the entries saturated. At the
mouth "of each* room was a suitable
arrangement attached to, the mam
supply pipe -a hose big enough to
reach'' the room face,' and before a
miner could fire a shot in his room It
had,* to, be thoroughly wet. - As the
owners put in this apparatus of their
own,accord and not because the law
required them to do.so, it may be reasonably assumed that they Insisted on
its proper and- efffectlve use. yet notwithstanding , the mine's moist condition, produced by, this means,--a-most
mine' had been examined, and was reported free* of gas. Every man m
it was killed- and the mine itself was
almost destroyed. ' The mine, at the
time of the explosion," was of comparatively small extent and well ventilated, between 55,000 and 60,000 cubic
,feet of air passing into it every minute. 7 In view of the lesson taught
liy these instances, and  others "like
;f -.;_*
(ftpbe-te will be announced
. _T| later—so. watch for it.
i ~ i    "   *
Visiting the entire district
See before you buy.. Write
me for full particulars.
m tne ground ior a
: livelihood, _ you'll be under
soon enough!    Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a competence
,,    9    for old age. '/.      .   *-
° '  '"      ,:: " •*''
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300;
. each, easily cleared, Burton
City, well located and water
' ' ' *( | ,L »       "*
,  ■"       "  .'       v~x- ■     v ... ^
Joe Graftbn
B. C. •
cnted R.O feet from tho siirfnco.   If
It Is truo, as clnlmed thnt tho nmount
of dust in suspension inc-HMirtu* the
mnfmltndo of nn oxploslon, Hull's tests
■mm-lf- In n  rrrtlcnl shnft. under the
most Ideal conditions of profuse dust
suspension should have pro-luced re-
mnrknblo manifestations of explosive
results, yot, lie snys, Ihero woro many
failures to cause explosions or lo Inn*,-
to the dust.    In one test, admitted
to have heen Dw most >t,wtacuUr oi\,n,\xD\ lo the taut, nnd water dvopp
any, th» flame filled the pit mouth j Inn constantly from the roof all the
and ascended 60 fret Into the ftir. Wui **.»•».    Tliui.1 viu uo nun Mid uu dr*,
the fact that the flame continued   to dtmt.    Thc explosion occurred on Jsn-
(me from the fhsft fer K or * i-vond* nary 31,1 !•*■*:.   A water far, two-third*
Indicates thai the exblhltton was renl- j full  of water nnd standing r»o f<v>.
ly ft buiio conflagration and not nn e**jfroni the tato, wa* blown outside nn<i.
plosion.     On th* o«ber hand, In Dw.D.o n»m.  Mtf-nded 20 f?*t boyond ao Uto an Influent.. In ihe r-rfTfrillr/n
horltonUlly disposed AUolls k»Uui*>. the ouctttuK. The. cspto-itou waa can*   .if  .tpfoitVin*..     On Dw f.irm-«r pro
wllh Ihe Mine amount and kind of ed by a blown-rwt shot, lhe   charge i potltlon Mr. Rice expre**-** himself as
them.,could be cited, It'Is not sur;
prising that men should become skeptical as to the value pf the effects of
sprinkling or spraying water.     Mr.
Payne declares thnt 'conl, dust ennnot
be.made wet ln.tho usual sense.   The
use* of flno sprays ls Indicative of tho
tho best results, but ovon then It Is
hypothetical If the most careful system sof watering ls not-merely an Infinitesimal  portion of the ounco of
prevention.-'^v This vlow may npponr
to bo rather extromo, but I hellovo It
Is vory near tho truth, and tho artificial  Introduction  of molsturo in  n
naturally dry mlno, whilo  dOBlrnblo
and beneficial, should not bo considered a dependable remedy for tho prevention of oxpIORlons,     Each  mine
has Its own characteristics; conditions
differ as botwoon mlnos, and they mny
dlffor matorlally In tho samo mine;
tho power nnd hont produced by the
prlmnry* oxploslon nro novor tho snmo
and nn nmount of molsturo that mny
promlso a fnlr degroe of snfoty In
ono case may bo ultorly Insufficient
to  give protection In anothor, ,  It
must also bo considered that whilo
water mny ho uhciI In Rome mini,
without, dctrlmontnl offocts on    tlio
roof nnd bottom, copious    watering
mny Injure others materially nnd thus
create nddltlonnl dnnftor to the men
worklntc therein.
At tho Altofts nnd Llovln teslInK
stntlons exteiislvo experiments lmvo
boen nnd are now iitulor way to oHtnb*
llsli tho vnluo of flno nlono dust nH
a factor In provent lw. oxploslonn from
sprondliiR through llio mnln ronds nnd
entries of a mine.    I do not know
whnt conclusions lmio been ronchod
by tho liivo-Alffolors ns to tho vnluo
of this prnposod monns for chocking
oxplORlona, hut I nm decidedly of tho
opinion thnt In this resporl, undor the
samo conditions, the ubo of etono dust
will show far bollor nnd more uniform results than tho application of
writer, nnd that the finer and drier
tho stono dust tho hotter the results,
for the snmo nnturnl mciiind thnt pro-
pnK»tiis and enlarges tho flame In nn
uxplohlon by Injecting coal dust Inlo
it, must  produco the opposite i-ffucl
liy the forellilo Injection nf tho Incom-
l-UNilt-lo Jim] llnine-dcstrnylni;    mono
dust; but In either ense the Influence
of extraneous   conditions  will  bo n
larco fnetor In flxln*. rcR'tilts.     Tho
une of stone dust nt the fnco Is evidently not practicable nnd r-onsequenti
I;*,   -hit***  -ippar-MiMy a pnll'iMve    of
rntisldtrnblft merit, l( can have little
(..*.:; :u iuevcut thu uvcuut'iu'c nf ex
ploi-lnns  (n  tbe wnrklnf.   plsrei*.
Tie heatlns; of the Intake sir In
tbe winter and the Introduction of
•(team Into the Intake nre nlso snld
•It ir-'v'^iji__j; ,7
Branch Oflke of ihe /-/owe Bank
of Canada, DunJas Sheet,
Wui Toronto.   ■
Drafts,. Money
Letters   of
issued.', payable- any--'
where."5 '*•' ■ British and ^
Foreign correspondents
in all the principal cities
of the world!!'
i *-> '
Savings account departments at all offices,
,.    '".J.  i ■*-'
Full compound interest
paid on deposits of one
dollar or more.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager* Fernio
. Ilimliloi. uff-urhiK nn Incontlvo to
wive, n KHvlngH nccount affords n snfo
nnd convenient method of keeping the-
ncciiiniiliUliiK dollars.
Btifo custody Ih of pnrnmount tm-
portnnco—olther for tlioiihnrd-enriied
hiivIiikh of tho worker or for the trust
Tho llnnk of Hnmllton Invlies your
Hnvlnns account, whether largo «r
Head Office;
follows: "The plan of merely heating the Incoming or Intake nlr to produco summer temperature without Introducing nddltlonnl moisture litis
Homotlmos been proposed as n remedy
lux-   i tiiiitL 4   ui,   ttix:   »**,*   ..*«.**.    .....   .., ,
.■l-ili-.U'i lo line f.-imlltor "Hh Dw j>rln
eljilcn nf relative humidity nnd their
nppllentlon to mlno air." It Is po*.
nlble thnt Mr, HIce wns a little bnsty
ln    pronouncing    Judgment.     T   am
...    .    ...        r,i   ,. ,   r.._i
u., .f .«....., .    ,, .-   .    ,.,,.,        . .
tory  of  the  United   fitntes    nnd    1
know of only ono oxploslon occurring
In a lion-gaseous mlno In .lime, nud
I fnlled to discover the record nf a
slnglA oxploslon In a mlno froo from
flro.lnmp thnt eretirred either In the
months of July, August or Sept'i-il'ir
durlntr tbe lr_ it  ?,(\  nenrR er  before.
Rnrely thin roti-*,pltttnn* nnd unM.i>lng
nbsenre ot dimt explos'Jons In the num*
mer time could not  hav-p been due
entirely to the fact that the air en*
terlnf tho mines at summer tempera-
(Continued on 1.x. ii
Burton City
Fruit Lands
One choice ten ser* Block; one and
half miles from town.
Good terms; 165 per acre.
I'ormcr resident of Fernie,
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosnhonol'«'««»•»**'» •»«*« i» ih* »««ir
,„.     '    "     '.>■! It* pmpai ImtUlKilodi
tm »n.i Ytia.t.r. l'r«in>lr,(«<lr<->y »n.1 all*4>xcaf
or*-kft«*)t •<i«itcii at tr,<*. rho«pho_inl will
n.kc s^u a uev m*a.   Vn:.* tHatn%.<t <• - ( «
f,    ).I><M t-i mit • I Ur:   f haSmtM-H IkruT
«... bt. t.«Uv»r lu*>, «>»«,
Fer 8»lt at Dlessdsll't Drug Store *T
_.-W_1_ ■w__fi*_Hj^_w.
.■xv—_ <■■   _____
V •_'
Ji .
. ^
!*. **■■
**\7* -i'"-7
.■ •».-■„
- ■- *.--**.
v. Published eyery Saturday morning at its office.
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. O.V Subscription $1.0^
An*;, excellent advertising
per year in a4vauce.
-■■"---Vw".  :t*HP*p..i - -
fbr'the execution5^all Irinds, of book, job and
colqrf.wpift,.. ,1^
J.\iW. BEiOfBTT^Edito_.\
UCH commewtjis rife throughout the'Dbmin-
* ion relative to the ndvisability of admitting
. Pfgwx froni;the United.States .htj. the country be-
cajise'of the expressed fear that it may result inck
race question similar to that, of'the Southern States.'
. . , Such-"-tears are groundless vmles. these members of
the Ethopian .-race are subject to the treatment that
is commonplace south of the-Mason and Tiixies, and
,    as this is not likely to obtain in Canada, the perfer-
vid objectors may be justly regarded as engaged in
"wind fanning" tactics      7,    ,
Many of. these people, intend taking, up land'and
- becoming agriculturalists, and although assertions
-are made that "they prefer" occupations, of a more
.or less transitory character,-such*as porters, waiters.,
bootblacks; etc., this can be readily understood
when it is taken into consideration the status they
enjoyed in the cotton states was one that gave them
no opportunities for advancement, hence they turn*:
-   ed'naturally td those occupations wliich would, free
. them from the dull monotony of .soil serfdom, but
when they are afforded an opportunity for development and expansion the distaste for agricultural life
.disappears Wis "clearly"evidenced by those of their
race,who have taken to the farming industry in the
middle"states.   It is not an aversion;to the soil because it .is soil, but'because1 of the"*'conditions associated, therewith;-change-these 'conditions and the
black man will-show.hjm^elf;just as capable a farmer as the white' tiller.;"' Tlie percentage'; of crime
among these people in the eastern provinces, where
some" cities they-are numerically strong, shows that
thy-are. law-abiding citizens. and compare    Very
favorably with;those,.ofi'lighter hue.7 If the color
\ line'is the real cause'for objection, distinct%m'apy
. other reason, then iYsh'ould h_ve no weight inVourt'
and free entry shduld'be igranted'.hem subject only
. to'the'conditions, that govern the'Native's of'other
colors'.       ' ■ v     -.,     - ..*•'" ty
There' is 'also-another'feature which plight to give
., pause to",those^of-ultra-patriotic'tendencies who object to;thciPadmission an'd'that'is it might strain
_1_1 1 _ "I .        _ « -,-M . ~ ._"-..
.i._ 1 1 _■__
among spine ofJBri'tain's ino^epthusidstic and loyal
subject's iniheisland.of .Jamaica-and other British
possessions wh. *q*e there..is.,a,.large sprinkling*, of .he-
black race. AVe may be mistaken in our assertions
but \v-e are inclined 'to think that this anti-negro
agitation is,being -engineered by those who are infected with the antipathy to the negro so, predominant in the South which in some instances','is so-in-
mriT ™hi" ♦1,°*'*1 "7" ""Hutterancc__iie
the fact' that there are ways of murdering men far
^ore-Tiehrcms'than^by a stab'-from 'the stilletto or a
^bloFifrom-'a billy.v - Calumny fo mote effective^
representation wrecks havoe' beyond" computation,
•l-fe^e ^e weapons par excelie'nce.of- this'Gjant
^feKof -the 20tfee ..-^ a*<?*^
hiaSthat. the object^esiredjr^ wj$n.
wood and Pettibone as "undesirablesAwhile their
trial *vas -incprogress,* and -altHough ;a. quitted;:tVef e
is no .record of his contrition no f. any shotv of regret
fdr;hisii"unjust,'asp^iaB8*fwhieh oHinary Common
decency wpulcl impose upon - dne.^ppssessing'; ; the
slightest modicum of human sensibility.- r No! ' On
the contrary,-this assassin of characteVand Vaunted
protester for.,"a square'deal'X'now^belches' forth a
stream of bile against the members of organized la-
.bor because they have -rallied to -the -aid of these
kidnapped officials of ' the Structural Workers'
Union'. k       ,,„''■'■•''   "''    -,p '.    '"*> '
,"".. . Give Them A Fair Trial
"I-have no idea .whether the men; arrested on Mr.
Burns'- statement are, ojr'are not guilty; the labor
unions in question liave no idea whether or not they
are.*; They are entitled to an.absolutely fair trial.
If they have no money to provide counsel for them-
selves then-it would be'entirely proper for any body
of men to furnish them the requisite funds, simply
as an incident in securing them'a fair trial, -But it
is grossly improper to try W-cre'ate a public opinion
in favor of the arrested men, simply because the
crime, of. which they.are accused ,is 'committed
against a capitalist or, a corporation and because the
men who are charged with committing'it'are mem-
■bers'of a labor''union."-    *'     * ,..,-,.-   -•■
'The above, to the'superfic'ial observer; presents an
element of fairmindedne'ss which discloses the base
beneath the veneer upon a little closer examination.
The attempt to fasten blamVupon the labor unions
because, of their supposed* defense'of-crime is a wilfully .malicious: perversion'of fact'; they do. not .condone wrongdoing as Roosevelt ^vpuld have one believe, but they do most earnestly condemn the autocratic and iniquitous methods of- seizing, rushing
across the continent, and treating men' worse' tliaii
convicted criminals."    , :  7,*,. ,'-''*    -    '-
Because Burns was used by Heneyinhis crusade
M^-l t!ie.-S^. Franc-sco grafters we" are told that
he should not be criticised 'in the present instance'
This detective is not actuated by any' ideals when
prosecuting th'e*'duties qf his. office,/!* .'is simply a
fl^estTon^of'^Whfltl is tliere^inatipr.me?'' and is
eVer'"_ea"d'y 'to sel. his services ..to anyone who will
buy on -satisfactory terms. ■** '•-" * . -    • '■' -      '    *
• ;P-Qe*i°|,thf Prominentjfiguresconnected1 with the
San^raheisco graft cases to which'no allusion .as to
hisconne'etion therewith, is made (perhaps inadyer-
t'ently/h'iit we.hae oor doots)'-by: the self/appointed
Guardian of Good, is also the 'same■General 'Harrison
Tre:€Xt.wian mm
>-;,■"«'//;'      r, -?,->  "*■*-> V
va .... "' 78IR -_*
It J  i " ->■?-.«•      ■"*«■*■__.-
,H ■*.»._    _.> ■_(     - f!
lUNi^ WALKER, am, LLDU_);Q.£, riiew&r; .
a ALE^NDER LAIR&^S&i^Man>oer      *s*    ■
• ■■*■_*_ _*__- .(,-»*r ___.-v *,'
;_. ^w-^wS'^Wa
"xj^A^^&^^oo   {:,    rest; . $7jmfibd
/ofThe.,Canadi»n Bank of Comnierce will receive^ deposits 6t$. m4;
, upwards, 00.which-interest-is. allowed,*mt "current rates.7The>e is no
-delay in withdrawing'the whole or anyportion of the*-"deposit;'-■ Small,
deposits are welcomed., -"-v--.- dyi^.^-?. . ■ ",'"7'7"   "i'>y'i*,4
, Accounts may be opened io the naniifs of two or more persons/to be
:-operat«.d by.aay one of the'number or by the surwdr. A joint' accolint'
of this kind saves expense id establishing, the ownership of the money"
after death;.and is especially.useful when a man. desires to. provide for'
ius wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.   -V
■PBRNIB. BRANCH/''*     /    P '7 * U A./s. DACK, Manager.
Airtlgrhts,  Coai' Burners. Coai
or Wood Burners, and
°--\ ;^W6odl;Bu.hers\ ;  ,.,>:./-;
s and Cook Stoves
J-;iVI.  AGNEW & CO.,  ELKO    (
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•<•-•• _
sanely rabid tha. they rnnk". use-of:
the following: S^£}l thought theyV
,   (the,./negroes)
'' would be admitted to heaven T would prefer the
other''place.'    ' , „ ->
him as plastie as putty in the,hands of,Detective
Jiurns,._who;-when-in the,employ;-of F-. J; Hen'ey
.Qouldjoat-say anything too condemnatory of the
proprietor of the Los; Angeles-Times/';",'.""/
Roosevelt, in order'tb convey the .impression of
impartiality,'is quoted1 as saying/'AVhether we do or
M S'a?fove .of*!'th^ Polic*y °f ihe Los. Angeles
|%1^Tfti? the 0utloPk-heartily-disapproves of its
j pwiey .n>certaih matters—this-very probably "has
While ori Strike   ; ./
Buy'a Fruit Ranch;
./,;;rand Own Your Job
We can sell you 10 and 20 acre tracts on the. East"'
shore of- Kootenay Lake which if you take care'of
- for five years it will .take care of you for' the rest of
, your days. We have two excellent sub-divisions ou
,-the East side of the E;ootenay Lake, one half-mile
.'from post office, store and" steamboat landing, ex- '
celent'land and easily (cleared arid well-watered;'
easy terms,;/special inducement to ■- families'' with
.schoolchildren. ,   *,*"        ,\   .        '_*.*..'
..,"■ ; "',   ;   Apply : • .*:';,"■'.    >.
lUndSay taunch & Boat Cb;
.Room 8/Griffin Block,-Nels ori, B, C.   ;
. *«*
*<-, *
■K  •'
•_ .'
',*" -
■*",. jr
■ 7 Just/arrived to-day a very'limited'.'nuinber' of/"
■ Natty Silk .Dresses; only one/of each style;    in
"/;Striped[,a'nd.Checked'Taffetas'aiid'Figured Satin*
-•Foulards.  .....These Suits.are. altogether different* --
from any'shqwhin Fernio beforo.:*,-, They!'are just",
/.the very, newest of'the* summer- '■'prodyi.tioiis "at
/'. prices/ranging from.' $i8i75,'and we'can positively
assure you that.therewillbe no* duplicates. ,'      _' :;
■*>' ti
r* ", . 'Made from proofed-c'loths- just'the coatlfor all-,   _/
-:.;.,.*■ <i: times, and makes a good'eoat for,Spring and Fall:. .-.■-■'
-,   wear, as'well as being; reliable waterproofs.- \--Made- ;.
'-■{: -., in three;qupter or fuil'length,' while, some aremade... ■"'*
** -/f.-.the.popular "Presto'-''collar.- -; ■;.-.. *„-.,,.: --. ..... -. -„<
:,-.. -jr.*-*.- :   "t*
: *,-■:_'
A,. ,,« ._..,.-
*  •?      ,      - •'
**]M ■BWY0RE* ^n. i4.l-^No worse service' can
bo rendered by labor union leaders to
the cause of Unionism than thnt which they ren-
der when they seek to identify tho cause of Unionism with the cause of any man guilty of a murder-
ous attack of this nature."
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt,-Qraclo of Oyster Bay
adviser in extraordinary to the Com..of St. James
o_ Egyptian affairs, Woyler of tlio Wilderness, sup-
erlativo picture poseur nnd erstwhile President of
tho United States who,' since meeting with so severe
n rebuff nt the bands of tho Now York Republicans,
has been remarkably quincHcenl, is not of the typo
to remain Rquolclicd,- ogolism of the most coIoshivI
proportions preventing, henoe to be'ou't of the lime-
lifilrt in nowise conforms to this Caligula of elm-fii-*'
lers idea of the eternal fi'tness of things.    Hov to
obtrude himself upon public nitoiitinn has. rlmiblb-s*
been a vexing Rource of perplexity for some timo
past, but tlin motive Ihfrofor prr-Hontod itself when,
after the illegal mrumcr in wliich tlin MoNnuiiirns
and McMnnignl Iuul been pounced upon and kid-
nnppod neross the conlinont, loud protcstH went it])
from Lnbor nRninsl tlio infamy, the Uig llludgcoii
wicldcr «nw his opportunity lo omorgo from the
shades of obscurity by Kinking a savage attack upon
organized labor,   TIiIh nnimnlo sytubol of lho modern .luggeniaut is really n pitifibln spoutiudo, void of
every Hcinlilln of tho saving setise of Inmior or
bo could not fail to realize that out of his owi-
montli doth be commit himself by the mievit_*i**» of
such HcntimontR as quotf-d above,
Tn his own mind these imprisoned men are .already projudged guilty of tho crimp charged against
them, although cv«ry semblance of conformity with
thn   b-|-n»'o   tlfifiyinnrt
XXXO\]\Oii\'X wor]   to
*,.f,*.r,   r-c;niiX ■ I   1
*'*I '   * ' *•
toho 1b(']jj, iiin.
• n,,ut <u
reference to the fact that" the Los" Angeles dally "is
non-union, whereas The Outlook carries the label of
The International Typographical Union..,   .
Mlf it'-.anlie proven,that the Los Angeles Times
Building* was blown up by dynamite and twenty-
one people murdered then the parites' responsible
should be punished in accordance with the law regardless of who they are or what station in society
they may occupy, and wo know-that tiiii? yoiccs the
opinion of evory 'right thinking individual, but to
attempt to fasten the crimo upon members of organized labor, treat thorn as guilty before tliey liave
been 'tried,-'.nnd when their friends utter protests
agninst sueli' tactics the ex-Rough Rider tries to
cloud tho issue by making it appear that they wisli
to shield tho murderers and not mon treated as such,
in whoso arrest wc see every law trampled under
foot with impunity.
In plain English, organized labor voices its dis-
approval'.of-tlie outrage committed' in tho arbit'nry
manner of their arrest and not as Roosevelt and
othors of his ilk wish the public to believe, because
tho men kidnapped are already convicted murderers. .   "
Tn tbo molding of public opinion Roosevelt is by
no means nn unimportant factor, anil, of this* he is
fully cognisant, still that Its potency is on the wane
cannot, bo succoHsfnlly controverted as clearly evidenced by tho defeat of his protniye in Now York.,
Tn his frantic endeavor to regain lost prostige with
tlio awakened Intelligence of tho masses this Intent
effort, of nnnihiiHloH Fnrioso is foredoomed to further
deprecation, lmt we nro prone lo think that he will
not understand tlie truth of "FnojliH est.descensus
Avernl" until In. Iiiih rc.u*hnk tho bottom of tlm hill.
,--.,'   _.-_.«._ ^
,! - -"'' ••**,
. *   _     .   -    *•   :,' *
•-."!',     .-    ' _*,      ". .'"
•.rVr-'i huh. -*fi*V-:. '~t.fi *" --ji!-
I"-.-* .,..'••.*■'•'!,'.
.*   ••<>-■■■-V
.,1  ,',1 •''''.!
Getdi Refrigerator
i -3^=.^—. ■-■-■ ■
. ,-:   !;''"'  "v. ii ,'.-,•    -      '    ■
Sizes jtznd prices to suit all
**'* m* _n**__.   ' ____*
Haraware J.  D,   Q IJ AI L   Furniture
P> ROVIDKI) the decision rendered bo final wo
j     could expect that h form might be brought
into requisition somewhat after this order:
-AnnHent*5n-n for Wwrilowipvit
Name .."  -. Jy..... Miu'ionnlHv
they have not yoi Won tried, should he regarded hs| Rtn<0 rnnrrip«l or «i"«rl<*       If the former
ir v.or-rxxi until their guilt is e.slatilished. ".",nl,7 ftf fl,mi,-v ftn<l W,,(V|PC "»Min8	
Not a word of condemnation is uttered against
tit/*, i.ifr-'ftint-) nf t. o l\--ii*,.1--i/l 1 JM. .•.;••.,•-•  1 —
constitution, no vociferous mouthingH nbout
sf|unre donl," but because the working clnss over
the entire continent lost no time in giving proof of
Ibe wilidnrity of labor in no uncertain tones, nnd
characterizing the seizure of John .T nnd Jimie-. Mc
N'.-iniara nnd Mc. .miigal as infnmoiw. the hero of
**nn -Ti-f»r, TFill nnd honorary iiiemlu-r of i\w 1 . ,,f L.
"A wicked
F, and V.. scores "linM**- -indement."
t!ui>7." nnd "ft*>i-ime n^nimt 1ln» RJal ." l!.*ally it
i._ In 1r»H«h (it the i**i"-ir<tis-,.ni.**y displayed IiV tills
xtor'tht. f»f "Th* -f-tntlAAtr.' vrhotr* lt.U*,i'$or,niti\U\.('
nh,t)lHir,Ti twrlor tho ^pMon -if "3fui\K>i* I. JtunU r"
demonstrnui. tl.ai lo i*. conv^nietitly oblivious   to
If the latter, any dependants and whero residing....
In consideration of beinr» frivort enmloy-mont  fit
Hinglo) will yon agree to remain so,<or kep your wifo
outside of tbis province	
Tf married will you agroo to send your wifo nnd
family out nf the province if at present residing
therein, or if she or thoy are'not at present residing
therein, that they shall remain beyond Ilie boundary
line of the ■f.rovm.i. -provide, ynu ,*••■.-. *"ivi..-. cm
Sncb a plnn of n. tion would if effe-tive cftusi" lhe
exodumif u majority •m" those ut present liviut? along
ihe Clow's Xest p.i.s sun) ri^nlt in "!-... .wps" of
h-ree prnj..rfi..*■■■., in ftti-t. bhnost t'lovtt,i.} ;Mf„ j.**,.
I. -s foitiotunUIc-s,
Hereis a Square
ond peaceful noi-urlty as well.
With a policy In our old   lino
„ pompsny, you can go off on your
■...-._...•___ or Hun in. ends of tae
(.....'111  Wii) j..;;   J,„ijrt   Jutf'.to *«.-
cure.  ' The best Jn
In Always chenrKMit and onnatial-
]y no wlien It doesn't cost lilglx-r
Don't delay nbout tbat renowal
or nbout, tint oxtra Insurnnco
you want but lomo riulit In at
■ttiico ami Inn. it attended to,
Immrance    Real Estate
Cigar Store
And  Nothing but the Boat in Fresh
and   Smoked   Meats,    Fresh   and
Smoked Fish, Dairy P. oduco, Poultry
,Etc.  Etc., firo to, ■ '
i O \      ,
j[**"\M GRAHAM, Manager       PHONE 41
Wholesale and Retail
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
LISDOEE /.EC.  For Butit.*,.
fearber Shop
. Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards ^nd Pool
Cofiee and Sandwich
Hazclwnod Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
The Jeweler-That's All
Right on the corner
ilHIrIa LlghMd ,„„„ „„„_
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold W.t.r t, A, M,„|( Miniger
LEDGER ADS PAY -.-.,--.-  V I •*-■
**.*•- -.   .   C
_    i<    ,1
,-!    /
-n.-;: -\ ,
7 ..*.•*>'
"_,_.   I
TECE- DISTBICT LEDGES,; FERjn,,, B. C, MAjY 13„i911.
„ >.---.-.',
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♦■> ♦<»•♦♦♦ ♦'♦'•♦ ♦•♦'♦
♦,l '7-    -'.*•■'■■'    -"•..•'♦
♦«, COAL  CREEK  BY 174     *"'♦
.♦*. * .y y- ., y& :: ',j+,
♦"♦♦•#•♦.-♦<»■ ♦•^_»- ♦ ♦ ♦.
**_. •' ",.V--. '.y='J._ j. ■>'•'.'>•';, '-3-**.
- Last ".Sajui'payf a^ftfernoim.a spe<3?l
,,toaB'ofJtiio'.M.if.'^'M^Rallway Co:
-brought*-? up -jfthe '-*-in*f/e|tI^atlon Coni;
: mittee "of v'ttie- Conchlatfon, Board *af
about 2 p.m. 7 The whole party consisted of the following well-known'gen-
tleijjen:,   "Chairman. of the Concllla-
' tion .Board^- Dr. Gordon, of Winnipeg;
representing the operators, Colin Maeleod, of McLeod; representing District.
18, U. M. W. bf A.,* See.''"A. J. Carter,
Fernie.'  r y .".-,:.
, ■ * ■* - -.,->, .* -•
The following were also present representing the operators. R. W. Wilson,
Lewjs Stockett, John , Shanks,-David
Martin, William Lancaster, Bernard
Cauifteld, W Mazy, and George O'Brien.
Representing Dlstrlct'18..and Gladstone
; Local Union 2314: Wm: Powoll. Clem
Stubbs, J. B. Smith. D.; Rees,'Wm. Lees
, (Bankhead)', Pete Patterson, .Jnb.,0,
Jones'* (Hillcrest),' .Wm. Diainond' "(In-'
' ternatlonal Board jf ember, Michigan),
Jno."Kent," Geo. Wilson,. Chas. Edgar,
"J.,W7Grey_ Thos. Beattie,-as well as
Fair.Wage Officer McNivenwho is act
* ing as secretary to- the Conciliation
-Board.  *'   ' .. >.    *,.'     .' *    *- ''
- ' The mines vlBited were: No. 1 south,
No.'2 and 3, Old No. 1,'and No. 5
• ,'The different work in these" mines
, was fully discussed and all questions j costs;
Mrs. Fred', Vance, ,,of ' Fernie, was
'vlBiting friends5: up here on Wednes-
day. j.y x ; ,.'-..-- ".*'..-. .-. - .
-i-fiit"|s'M2 months the'Ilth-of: May
sinpe .he/Wfulexplosion at the.Whiie-
h&Y^n_Cblliery,.England;" when~136 men
and .boyB,. lost their lives, many of
whomihave friends livingup'here *\nd
In'the district..-    ~        "7
It Is. 12 months on the-Ilth day of
May since 136 men and boys lost their
lives, in the explosion In Wellington
Pit at Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, among whom were John and Tom
beloved brothers bf Waltre Joyce, who
is at present residing at Coal Creek.
**   ,-. ,..*'***- 7      • *   -
Twelve'months'have passed, and, oh!
J . ■ how we-'miss you;._ :-. ,   -
Friends may think the wound Is healed,
But they little know*the sorrow.   , '.'
That, lay .within pur breasts concealed.
From their loving Brother'and Slstei-
in-Law and .friends.  .  .   *7 . •    -
t-O- ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
•*%,    -"    By "Krltik.;'.;' '^J    ,♦
v. '■'■v-':!"':'.---.   i  7 -f\-"      ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦_►
John Nelson, blacksmith at Camp 8;
was arrested,.on Tuesday for'being
.drunk, and disorderly.   ' Fined $2 and
1 In.;some~of the mines, the'various
points were fully gone Into and pointed out to the Board.- . About 7 p.m.,all
the'party, on the invitation of the new
' General Manager of the C_ N. P. C. C.f
Mr. R. V. Wilson, adjourned to tiie
Tepee" Boarding House for supper and
, there'all did "justice,to the repast provided,- after, which the Investigations
were resumed until 11' p.m., 'when.the
whole"-party returned to Fernie, most
of them ■ looking •'as' black as -if: they
-had done a big day|p\work. .^.What will
be th'e,.outcome we have, to wait patient
ly and^see. - Quite a number bf Creekites visited Fernie this week, following up. the investigation.    -k
•,We _ are not conten with an arbor day
;' up, hera-afl';thl8'^'**bMfr^AT'bj6f;^^f
^a crowd of Secflonmen have been-up
here all the'week cleaning up the yard
;. and .making Itjobk .respeatable^f ,r_the
Tipring lnvaslon.^f strangers .^'atrmlght
cojne up here,;; -F-9^ quiet. esa"-'i. And'
good gardening it will take' some beat-
- v. taneni cnarge or '
.Born^t Coal Creek.on Monday, May. fVafaVt'hafplace
8th, to Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Atkln-
' son, a fine bouncing boy.    Mother and
-, . 'id.dcflng welLy
'.* Dugai; McGrath -had-*th«"nSrsfbrfuile
to slip dowq, catclllng his knee* orr,the
-.rati while walking .dp.^n...the..,tr^pk,
which .is.causlrig'him lo liop around
with the,aid of a walking stjck.at pre-,
sent. •*-  ''.'y'"rryi V".:„v-.
Mr., and Mrs: D.* F.' Markland and
children returned home last Friday after spending an enjoyable; month down
at Nolson. • ' .„•'. ,    ;
Mr. M,< MoVannell, who loft , hero
about 121 months ago returned ' last
Saturday:iind is now acting as grocery
clork for the Trites-Wood Co. up here.
Jack Flemmlng severed his connoctlon with; the above firm this' week. \
Sid Horton wiis.up from Hosmor last
*weok end .visiting old friends.
' Suporln'tendent J. Shank, acconipani
ed by all. the' pit bosses 'u'p'liero'are
attending tho Conciliation Board, moot*
Ings at Fornie this webk.
Mr. Adam Watnon returned; from his
lionoymoon trip last wook, end, arriving up here on Tuesday The tin. ohn
, orchestra- wub soon In attondanco and'
"kept up tho ding, dins*; dong till tho
dibs woro thrown ouTto the rauslclniiB.
Fred Inland loft horo on Monday for
Vancouvor. >      -    • ■•
Frod nirchtll was able to nomo out
of tho hospital loot wcok and Is now
getting around with tho aid of a stlok,
Mr. and Mrs. Rogers and Mr. and
Mrs. Ely lefton Monday for Vancouver
for a fow weeks.
■vMr. Murray and family have remov-
ed'to Vancouver," where they Intend to
reside in' future.
Mrs. Goddard, sister of Mrs.G. Long-
pre/returned to her home in Cranbrook
bn Monday after a three,weeks' stay
with her sister1-"" '  *'-
- . .. .
(Visitors to Fernie oh:Wednesday:
Messrs! .Winter, Lauthier, Malter Dun-
bar.'Rogers,, Ely and Mrs. Ely.
'.Mrs.' H. F. McLean"aiid JMIss Ruth
paid a flying .visit to: friends in .town
Thursday        . , . _, . ;
..Dr. Athelstlne drove from Fernie on
Friday.,«.,.,■.;_• thy.^y^-\^l' '""ciy;
~""Mr." Ar Fb'rtier,went'to"Kamloops,on
Monday where he will be-treated for
inflamatory,, rheumatism
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦.^■♦^ + +
1*-y;L ;"iy.' ''.'" /A ^v-----"",*♦
^iyi{ MicHEL-.NEWs'v' ,- ;;.♦
,♦&.-    "   By "Krirnea."   '■', - '."     ♦
*■*■: -yy ... y :-i .,'<-«*
♦- *t •♦; ♦ ♦' ♦ '♦ '♦;♦ '♦.;♦ ,♦ ♦
/For. the first .time }n: its history"Michel has ha-T.what a person might call
a lick andja promise.' •• - -."J ;, -*v
V The company, have had a gang of
men employed cleaning up the town of
ashes|* garbage,'etc."*-* .. .-,•,•..,'•'.'**'-
-Whether this'extra cleaning is due
tb the fact-that the.BoarS of Concilia-
.ton; are to visit, tlils - place shortly,- or
that the sanitary authorities have been
getting after the holdeVs of this one
man town, we are'-unable to say, but
the fact still remains that with all'this
scraping up sanitary conditions are
such tliat should make men who hold
offices:in the sanlary department blush
with shame or' else resign their positions', v-    ■   "•     _\   y' 'yi\
Agajn the water question-Is one that
should be seriously-considered. -The
supply for a large portion of this" camp
comes out of. the Michel Creek,* about a
mile and a half above tho town. Situated pn the banks of this creek above
McGlIliVary are lumber camps! The'
filth from these places is dumped and
runs Into the creek, whose ,waters ha?e
to be'drunk by'the-poor unfortunates
who "have to stay in. a place like Michel
for<'an existence.  .        '- '
. The' other .day whilst fishing* in this
creek,,a man_rom this town "noticed'a
putHfled quarter of beef'laying at the
side of the creek. . The water washing
and;,carrying off the obnoxious' fluids
which%'It was giving* off down to the
inhabitants bf this "place who have to
drink them.       ■   ■' 1 ^ '.j-   ■        . ■_
The. regular meeting of the Michel
Lodge;*No. 54 I. 0. 0. F. was held on
Friday last, Bros..W. J..Mast and J.- A.
Murray..were , elected'* as* representatives to attend 'the convention' of the
Graiicl Lodge held at Cranbrook ln* June
next iBros. G.'B. Stedman and J. W.
McLeod were^electedjto act as alternates. |,, After, the business was over the
members were entertained at the
social .board by\the; isocial, committee'.
Songs Were rendered-'by'the foliowjng:*
Song, What's the Reason.- Daddy? D.
greatly ■ appreciated, iy.; air ■ and the
least we,can quote Ls «A friend in'need
is a friend* iideed."-- •'.'' *■'•'-"' '■',':".'-■
Leo Wick, a.,carpenter'from"'thl9
camp, ,now. working-.'at the Riverside
Lumber Company's.-new.-saw mill at
Fince was v^alldng-home In the'dusk'
of the "evening-when he saw a;'bear
laying alongside the* road which' was
giving forth some awful grunts.: ' Led
believing that discretion was the better part of yalprj immediately made for
a nearby tree, which he climbed in
short order. •*■-*/ s. ,.V ;•'J-- '. -7'; -7 •-•/
^J'.The gruptsJfrom"'bruin]stifl ctJmirig
fbrth, Leo hiirig to his place of refuge
uniti day break,.when _o-his disgust
he found'that had been treed by a poor
unfortunate .who had-taken„too much
the night beforo and was unable to
make the grade home. ,   ,j
Geo. Pushee} and..^sourl £(1111 are
now going ln.fbr"PIorse*bn6eding. They
expect a „large,. consignment of brood
mares Ih-'sTibrtly "whictirwill be sent up
the -Elk- to graze!';* .vx- >**■'.■••■■ "■*",;- •" '*-*' **";
• 'We are sorry to'learn of the death
of, Mr.-and Mrs.-Joseph''Dixon's' little
child.' Much sympathy is felt for the
parents in their bereavement. ..** t,
-The Little^ * H ou Jton*. CoJ I le ry;;' pi'saster
" . . 'u J'Benefit Concert-'; , . „<•,    .
The" following is an account, of■ the
expense'., and receipts'^of; the concert
held-in', Michel for thVsufferers of the
Little Etoulton Disaster':
.,   %*,".-.   . -" RECEIPTS      v   ,
Cash'received from Coal Co.
■for tickets soldin mines .... 415.00
Cash received per W. Smith as '
follows: .     ,'■_.,..
Mrs. McKinnon,......$ 2.00
Mrs. Oakes'!... .'.   1.00
Mrs: H. Ryan '..V.'..'.   1.00 7
^DfTHlggins arrived-hol^e".romTVan-
couver 'on-.Tu-ssd'ay!,. £ , >;, ** 7, _' *i -".
. Mr., arid Mrs. Kendal, of Nelson,-arrived here on Friday. Mr Kendal has
tpikyn).charge, of the. Bank .of Mont-
:e * , ■ o
Mr. and Mrs. Hector Lalonde have
moved' from Fernie and taken up their
r,fap.ldeuce.here.....»/»..• ...^...-,,-,v-v, .^,.g»
Mrs. Sam.Rouleau, of Fernie, visited
her mother, Mrs! Boldeau on Tuesday.
'■"Ws.'"Steward is:'vlsitihg" her" aunt;'
Mrs Dalling this week. ' > •
.The,1*d*atibe-whleh. was held- on'Frl-'
day-night-Iii the'Opera'*Huse was a
very enjoyable, affnlr. There were
about 15 copples, .and, dancing began
at'9 o'clock'and ended nt 1 a.m. .
, Mr.'-Percy War spent'Sunday with
.frlonds In to.wn. ,.   (  •; *, ,--..:..,-■ ..
Mr. Wm. Fov'lor and family arrived
from Scotland* this week "and is with
lils brother at prcsont, but Intends to
bocomo a citizen of Hosmor. ; v ,,
; ^Mr/'.a'nd* Mrs. Adam G; Wntson returned from their honeymoon trip and
aro at present vlBiting Mr. Jack Hyllo.
... Mr. .John -Bosslo Islni Fernto this
woolc looking after his businoss during
tho nbsonco of his partner, [
".Mr. John Murphy.camo back to town
Monday, much Improved lu health wo
nro pleased to-noto, '
Money collected-at door by W.
Smith .'.: *.'.'. ...,.;.■■ '
Money collected at door by G,
Millett,.:."...,'.'. ...:!'.!...;.
Money collected at door'byl A.
Williams'-..:'-.:... ■:> h '-ny	
Cash .paid Ai' Williams'".f.!
..     \Do..   ..Wm. Smith
' LpNDON.-*-Tolographlq roporta ,br*
'ng' Uio Information that tho Icelandic
Parliament lias passed a bill giving
tlio. right of suffrngo to all womon
who lmvo reached tho ago ot 25.
T* tX Z?
High   Class
jy* y*   !___   T* f^
Boarding   House
»h_»mwi*» imupwiih   mn 1 «_   ii__n___ii__in.im__
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
W. RId]ey; song, I Love.a,Lassie, J.
Hutton; * song^Cbclt^Rpbln^Sam. Lee;
'song',* Thb'ra,''jf{ji Seweil; cpmlc, song,
I'm a,Poor Married Man,.W. T. Moody.
A veby jpleasajnt evening which was eh-
Joyed by all:'*.' , -....^ .. ^-,. ' " ,
The new, boaraing^hotise Is getting
beautified in" a iTO^t'raagnlficent'man-
ner, .- Mr. Dvald Martin and Mr. W. J.
Lucas have strict Instructions to' make
the' Improvements. They are making
a'n'bw -path walk 'from the main
thoroughfare; they, are also planting
young tpes along the house, nnd If
things turn out as are expected the
boarding house will prove to be a little
winter garden for.Michel no doubt, un
der the;special supervision'of. these
two gontlomen, wlio'wo might state
are experts at this kind of worlc. The
house will prove to be a paradise in
the noar .future.
Wo'are sorry tO'heo,r that a young
man hero had tho misfortune to loso a
25o. bill,'which upset him vory much,
bolng very fortunate, it was found and
returned'to him. Doing a . generous
young chap ho could not let tho event
Blip by without showing his gratitude
so ho wondod his -way to tho storo and
bought th.e flndor C conts. worth of
chewing gum.
What has gone wrong with the MIc-
hoi Wator Works? Thoro has boon
no water in tho Houses for tho past
fow days; Pooplo wanting wntor.for
doinoBtlo pu'rposds and euch like havo
had to got It from tho creek. It is
tlmo somo Improvements wero mado.
Mr, J. Cartmcll and Dlack went out
fishing on Tuosday morning quite oarly
and no doubt thoy hnd a soro tlmo of
It, roturnlng In an hour's tlmo aftor
tliolr doparturo; Whon asked the reason thoy cnmo homo so soon, Illack ropliod: 'It was o'er cold mnrra,'.
Toddy Matfln loft-'horo last Friday
for Calgary, whoro ho expects to get
work. Toddy was quite a favorlto with
tho girls horo and no doubt will bo
mlsHod vory much,
Clgnrolto Joo has started to put
somo of tho younger boys, who havo
boon unfortunnto onough to forgot thn
bout pnrt of thoir teaching nt school
through a course of commercial training, and no doubt with a littlo pains
his fltiKleuU will provo a success In
a short tlmo to como,
Mrs., Hughes, from Fornio, waa down
hero vialMnfr Mrs, Hut-Mi***.*** th'« wooXr
Vlnco Frodshatn was down h«rn for'
the week end from Creston, Vlnco
saya that Creston la tho beat plnco ho
ever struck.
Mr. Joseph 13. Smith, nlong with tho
Italla.i organIzeTfi w-»rfi In rumn bom
oil M0nd.1v.
Mr. njirl Mm. It. Heap havo Just r*.
itirnoA from thoir rnnch whoro thoy
have boon sprndlng n fow dnyt*,
Mra. Dbv<* Omndy Ik going for   n
ahort vacation to hor rnolhor'a ranch,
.Ur. It. V.T.tt-rhMuw,   Mr,   Norman
Huby and the broth«in Lltller w<-re up
, fa rvimUi ut. Ttiemlny niitlntr at «hi> at-
aminatlun for .1r<l rltm mining papt>ra.
Mr. T. .yf-nVtniEnn nnd J. Coolt paid
n vl-tif fo rernle on Vuo-'av.
Mr. TTiomoa Craliim haa kindly k»nt
Hs mam f« iho min»r*» of KM** rampi
dtt* ll.*- muriM><««k nf »nr»rlng tfj" prnvf-/,-!
Ion* wfclch will tic •f.h.-n out st,orttr. {
Tllll  am   of MnillUS*..   on  |jt..   j,.;.;t   i»[
7Do.    -  Ledger printing ..
' -Do. . .■"'• A. Hooton"..."...
■'Do.','*- '-Ted'Sbyle^T.'.......
"lDo. '-'' I ^Mr'sV A."Williams ,
Do. y J; Mrs. Roblnsou,...
.,Do,   -"J'Mrs..J.vLittler'..
Do..}, -"-'H. Prion _.."-.-.;..
Db.Gieo.'Fisher.ftefim) ..;
D'o.       F.'Flsher (refund)
Do.,       Kovach (refund)
3.! 00
*♦     COLEMAN NOTES BY 22      ♦
♦..       "-'    a- •-.      •  ,"-".7, ' , >   -*♦
♦ .♦'"♦ '•♦♦♦♦♦■*'♦♦.♦
*-..'      .    1, • ••     *■
Special Meeting of the Town.Council
. The report of the Fire Brigade Coin-
mftteee showe'd that Robert' Sherwood
had been appointed as fire chief In' the
stead bf . F., Graham. -:
'SK report was then read that the proposed road to tbe cemetery could not
be done owing to the danger bf snow
drifting in the'valley-in the winter,
also the consideration, of the cost of
digging graves - in„ that rocky place.
It was advised to enquire where suitable ground could be' purchased at a
less cost then.the estimated cost of
repairing and making of a public road
W.b.d entail. 7        *-       <*   -
,'A deputation then waited upon the
Council from the.Football club asking
them tb make a reduction in the percentage ori the gate receipts. It was
shown that h&d the percentage been
less the'elub would "have .been able to
hold a,balance,in hand instead.of overdrawing at the, chancellor's exchequer!
Some very good remarks were made by
Councillor McDonald in favor of sports,
etc., showing* that this' council should
support and encourage - same, and;, if
the club could not be run except'at a
loss why should they not have the use
off.the park free? Finally^it..was
agreed to allow all football, baseball!
etc.. the first $20 they receive for expenses,1 and all monies above 30) pnr
cent* to go to the.councll to-assist-in
maintaining the;park.,.
The question'wagthen brought forward as- to the rate per dollar to be
charged to" cover the expenditure of
the5 improvements etc, this being estimated .at or about,$5,500. After, a long
discussion it wss ,decided. to put. the
rate at 10 mills in the "dollar, which is
an Increase; of 1'mill ori last year, this
being, a.very- small 'increase- considering the large improvements, also additions to the fire brigade, new house
of * correction;- bridge building, street
levelling ;and numerous other things
great'and'small.*--*:-*Y• [ .'• '.'• --' , _
-•"•'The necesslty^of, a wagon 'to' carry
ladders",for the fire.brigade was .then
discussed,' but.dwing_LtO-J_he_,late_l_hour.
Sad Sea Waves, ,G. Falrhurst (e*ocor-
e'dj;,song, When the Sunset Turn's the
Ocean Blue and Gold, \V_ Jenkins";
song. Home' Sweet Home; Miss McKinnon.',,".*, --., r ■ ->,■    ■ - 1,
Prof. Crawford's orchestra played
music until the small hours- in the
morning. \ ..".-•„ -. '       ,.    «
Every one that, saw D, R_. arid his
Scotch hornpipe thought It great.
,': A few days'ago* W. Richardson,-was
presented with a ring, tho emblem of
the order of FY O. E., this being a small
token of esteem shown for his good
service of the order. ' if Is reported
that R. Jones, always, having a eye to!
business while travelling '■ in B, C,
bought this beautiful present on behalf
of the brothers.*'- The .post of chair-
man was filled by Harry Smith,
speeches were, given eulogizing the
works of .Bro, Richardson, and a few
well chosen remarks from iiim In response brought the meeting'to" a close.
-. It h&'s been decided tliat'the Eagles
will hold their annual trip to the Lake
on the 24th of May.*
. Coleman Football team expect to
play Lethbridge on the 24tn of .May,
the return match to be played-on the
22nd of June. '' ' .'    ', 7
T_ W_ Davies
" ,   x> ' .
.*;*''    COMRADES -    ,-
Through ^you'r* Union you .hope. to
get better conditions and bigger wages
'The CO-OPERATIVE STORES supplies these rations ,to jour Union' at
cost price. • -Support'it.all the time
and.-supply."all "your-needs at cost
price, pure.fpods! shoes and clothing
made under 'union'.. conditions'. "Criticize,* Improve! arid!support It always.".''
Balance    409.28
Tho amount of $-109.25, loss the commission^ on draft which , derived the
amount of'£83 15b. Iri English' money
had been spnt to Mr. Simon -Rlgby,
secretary, Miners Union, Pretoria,Pits,
Little Houlton Colliery, with Inbtruc-
tlons ,to give snmo to the most needy
cases; We wish to thank' nil those
who kiridy gave their help and nssle
tanco In this concort. .
On behalf of tho Commlttoo.
,-  -. Socrotnry
it was 'left over- until next meeting.
: A'celebration' Of: George V.'s coronation will, be held ori the"22nd.-: Fur-
.,-- - , <*      * -<
ther particulars will, be given lated. -t
; The I/O. If, held a social on.Tuesday
evening,' ' There was a large'.attendance and the following contributed
•items' to*.hecbncert\ l>uet,' T. Leyshon
and W^Hayson,' Bxcelslon; song''Ora
Pro J-fobls, T*-Crawford;'song, Annie
Laurie, Miss McKinnon; readlng,..Dr.
Porter; song, Kjllarney.iG. Falrhurst
son, Longshore Billy, W. Haysom; re-
citation,".The-Last Hyrim, D. Davis;
song, -Mbna,* T. Leyshon, son, By the
United- 8tate» Experimental Work-
Inga at Bruceton Will be .Put Into
Operation In Charge of Experts-
Hope to Obtain Praotlcal Informn-
. tion.
1 am agent for
The Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of. which one
trial is all that is needed
to prove its "worth.1
Try "CREMO" a break-
fast food that is * a . food
VV. G. Warn
"   General Merchant
Hillcrest.   -    Alta.
Coleman ■
-     -.   ' DEALER
Special arrangements for
Partlefl,   etc   ■
Order your ChrUlraaa Cake early
-.;    ..     .). * ■*■  '" ■      ■    -
.   r,i_ Apply -for' Price  List '
Bread and Cak«s shipped on the
* -,* Local for. Eastern Camps
WABHINaTON.--Unclo Lara's now
oxporlmontal conl mining plant nt
not for. profit, but to dovtso wnyn,'
and monns for BnfoRuar.ll.iff tho Itvan
and limbs of minors, will, go Into op*
oration this wook. Sclcntiflo men
nnd mining exports nro In chnrgo of
tho govornmont-ownoil property nnd
will oxporlmont undor nctunl mining
conditions to obtnin "for tlio United
Stntos burcnu of mlno*. prncllcnl In-
formation which tlioy Impo will provo
iiHoful In tlio comtnorclnl mines.
Sovon llioiiBiind mon aro Itlllod or
womon, Provision |h mndo whoroby
womon will i-occlvo thirty ohllllngs
In maternity vnwn on condition thai
thfy do not Work for n month follow.
Ing child birth and for froo m-ifllp.-.l
nttondnnco for evory r.ciitt-lbiitoi'.
Tho state would iiIho hnlp In tbo
molinod every year In Amerlcnn coul
mlnos. This tremendous toll of bullion inc. u Is belioved, could bo cut
... UU iiy iiio .uioi'tMi ut ttdtaiy d.
vlros, u-hlcb uould (nencaso tbo,cost
of mining eo*\ only About three cents
a ton.
"It will do you good, nnd besides It
Isn't nlwnys you'ro Invltotl to teat a
superior brand ll|<o this,'
There's no gainsaying but whnt* tho
t- '       1
sold boro lit a gonulno bulldor up of
tHo*systom. Claret pii'iichos or^borry
cobjilors mudo from wlno Hold horo aro
nlniply llfroalstnblo. For nil kinds of
wlno buy front ub.
Fernie. B. C,
■ (,-•'.- ■
er s
New Michel
& Blairmore
£ WI NG  "I
a «»«»<-»<
Grand Theatre. Fernie
Fernie's Popular Play House
wm.  BAKTOH ^ j A High Class Program oif
Pictures Tonight
Anr-cnt   r«rnl»   Branelt
Pellntt   Ave.   North
^4H»-^4-4-'%%4-4-4-%*>*»**-^4-l*-f4'f *.*•■-(>-«<«
overy •!-»>* fr»»mtt«.in. to tt p.m.
Pork txnti B«an* Saturday
.,.„, l: ..-IJ:i
SI Hi 'I-i* /'linrui HI     I
C'ifmney  Clocks
Get Our Pr.ee*
Come and see The Harem Skirt'
the sight of a lifetime     !
W.       M.
How About
that Dr«fn?
!  Prices
10 & 15c
The Ledger (or your Job Work _         *                '    ^
\4        '        "'
'   -          "        ?            *          »
-*1 ,
■.if   **"
"**.'  ."*?'_*"'    '-***    **•"-     •'. - >'  *"".^    _   -      ._vV'*■'". * ''V"""..   ."•■.*■' "     '--?i .    ,' *.    '* *■'-,-w   , ! '>_'-.-'    '
"   * """- "\--*-*17*-i ---    - ',7''-''',' a '      ■*--   ■-' '-,'---" "    - - '".    '■      " -'--,-7.-S* ".*".      '"■'
■:■ y -■■---a--.;- 7:.' -:,7 ■ '—t- .;-.a??.\u-;:■•■/:'.^&'-■"■-.
1    -'•■ '-*■, -      ',*' % ;   '-   '*;   -".- -7   •-■. :'.'..' v  _-'• -   7 ■--,:'. --*-?
Goal DustJ E&plosiopl
(Continued from.^Page 3).,
ture -always, carried sufficient moisture to keep the dust in a thoroughly
damp a condition. Mr. Haas' reports
that-during'4 weeks * in September,
1908,- the atmosphere ' was so , dry,
according to his calculations, the air
carrier out of the mines 20 per cent.
more moisture than it carried in, representing" for an ordinary sized mine
a-.daily loss of about 3,000 gallons of
water, and it can be reasonably assumed that there were many instances
of long dry spells during the warm
seasons of the last 30 years, causing
results similar to those shown by
, Mr. Haas, and yet, under presumably
• favorable conditions, not a single dust
explosion occurred in a mine, al
though such experimental galleries
located  on  the  surfaco.
If  Mr.  Haas  is  right,  and  in  my
judgment he is" absolutely right, that
"the quantity of air rather than ihe
quantity of dust or coal, is really the
measure of, tho magnitude' of an ex*
plosion,* then the proposition is equal-
' ly sound that the quantity and quality
of the air, rather than the, available
fuel   supply,   determines   and   conse-
1 quontly air conditions  tending to ill-
:' crease or decrease the size of the lilies
tiai flame become [actors of greatest
importance in either , promoting or
preventing an explosion's start.
■J i , u ,l
Jt Is a well-known (aot, that, under
the same conditions, with the same
air volume entering a mine, the quantity of air contained in the mine,
measured by weight, is less in the sum
, mer than in the winter, and' that in
the latter season the-oxygen content,
greater than "in the former. Supposing a constant volume -of 100,000
cubic feet of aii- is going into" the
mine every minute, then with an outside temperature of • 25 degrees the
air .volume carries into the mine about
175 pounds more oxygen than1 the
same air, carries into it "in the same
-_-__time at an outside temperature of 75
degrees,  or,  in  other* words, .10 "per
-'"cent,  more oxygen  is delivered  into
time the working'places are readied
where fresh dust is produced continuously aud in greatest' quantity and
where the danger of its'" ignition bV
blown-out shots, is the most threatening. -  , *    "
" But no matter what remedies may
be proposed, the result of-their application  will  remain   uncertain  and  unsatisfactory unless the intelligent and
will co-operation of the mine workers
is secured toward contributing their
full  share  in  making  any  of  these
remedies, of positive value, for it will
always be true that the safety of a
mine primarily depends on the Intelligently directed efforts of every individual in it and not on the effects
of law enactments or the presence of
safety devices.     In my judgment* the
best way to secure such co-operation
on the part of the ralne workers is
by, educational   methods,   by   giving
tliem plain' and easily understood information regarding the fundamental
principles   governing   explosions   and
by explaining to them tho meaning
of the many valuable lessons furnished by mine explosions In,. the past.
These men should have the chance to
know  the truth,    and    when    they
realize to what extent they can .promote their own safety, and have the
proof   to  convince   them   tbat   their
help is essential for the benefit of all,
they will be intelligently and effectively prepared  to  give thoir assistance, to   the   best   advantage.      The
mine, workers should be shown that
fine  and  apparently  safe  mine  conditions. alone   will   not   prevent, the
occurrence  ot  dust ..explosions,'    and
they should know that, as far as these
explosions   are   concerned,   large  air
volumes entering the mines,  perfect
ventilation, and the existence of numerous  openings are hot safeguards
but rather factors of aggravating influence.    *They should know that the
presence ofthe coal dust is not the
all-important thing and.that its dangerous characteristics can be developed only by the acts of man through
the  Influence    of'   other   conditions.
They must be convinced that the only
dependable way to prevent,a dust explosion." is through the prevention of
the initial flame," and while every 'possible** additional safeguard  should be
provided, it should be impressed., on
them  that' their  own, efforts, are of
the .reatest value and'that implicit reliance in the protection of "such safeguards or palliatives, whose 'efective-
-^.-i, ,*,
The liberal .interpretation of the provisions of, the-.Workmen's Compensation and Employers' Liability Acts by
the *" English  courts  is  introducing  a.
factor.into the accident insuranc-a business  whib_ .has ^already • resulted  In
some changes * of''policy and further
changes are not unlikely.    The,recent
Blue Book on the workings of the acts
in .Great. Britain showed that in 190-1
in the seven chief groups of industries
the number' . of    employers    coming
wltin teirr   provisions    was    U7,b91
and the average number,  of   persons
employed over 0.500,000, about three-
quarters of whom-were factory workers.   Compensation  was   paid   In   3,-
341   cases  of  death, and   in  332,612
cases of disablement.'   On the basis
of these figures it would appear,, that
one .out of every twenty workers received indemnity for injuries Incurred,
ln the pursuit of fils business.   The
average payment iu case of death was
£154 and in case of disablement £5
6s.    The charge per person employed
averaged-about 7 shillings, but in case
of  miners, was  over  a' pound. *    At
tho annual meeting of the Ocean Accident and Guarantee Corporation, Ltd.,
one of the  larger  concerns' engaged
in this.' class of business; in London
the 'other day,  the  chairman  bf the
company,   Sir   Thomas Hewitt, K.C.,
made extended reference to the general features of workmen's compensa0-
tion from the point ofi view of the insuring companies.     The Ocean Accident and Guarantee Corporation had
an  exceptionally good year. >   It '"revenue increased from  £2,231,681'   in
1909 to £2,506,577 in 1910. • But the
increase was made from sources other
than the very large business now carried by the workmen's compensation
department.'   In fact, the chairman reported that neither the Ocean Acci**
dent, . with  Its  wide   experience   and
machinery < nor   any   other   company
'transacting this class of business, had
realized sufficient profits to pay its
claims' and expense..  It was easy, he
added, to "postpone the evil day and to
show ari estimated -profit by underrating the chances of'life-of a permanently injured workman, instead of setting asides.a large sum sufficient to
provide annuities equivalent   to    the
highest and not the lowest estimate
of claims.   ' But'this course',had already "been*.responsible for disasters
_to_6'lh_er_._cgmpanies.'' and  he *- trusted
, \   -vy-. . _
i*"*-*. *•-,.'.■t.
g in
?E* '/■     <*>
than  under  the  higher,  representing rounding conditions and* may be easi-
an average increase "in mine oxygen  ^ tapped  at ?ny time,' leads into
content of 5 per cent, with the same
temperature prevailing at the end of
the return in either case. If to a
cubic foot, of air ,07 of a cubic foot
of marsh gas is added, the mixture
* remains below the explosive point, but;
if the marsh gas volume is increased
5 per cent., or to .0735 of a. cubic foot,
the .mixture becomes explosive, and so
it may bo reasonably assumed, other
conditions being the "same, "that a 5
per cent, increase of oxygen content
In a mino may represent the difference between comparative safety and
threatening danger., The boating of
tho nlr at the intnko In the winter
,3s commendable, bocauso it will at
least reduce, If It does not prevent
ontlroly, this oxygen Increase and
thus create less favorable conditions
for tho enlargement of tho Inltlol
flnmo. If steam ls used nt tho Intake
tho rosultB will .bo still --..belter,* bocauso in addition to Its boat producing n docronso ln tbo mino _ oxygon
supply, tho Inttor will bo still further nttontuated by tho stonm Itsolf.
Somo claim that tbo groiUoRt valuo In
tho uso of steam consists ln providing
'a considerable molsturo supply, This
foaturo Is undoubtedly of benefit, but
Its vnluo Is uncertain, for whilo thoro
mny bo a largo molsturo Biipply nt tho
beginning, It will gradually bocomo
Iosh ns tho dlstnnco from tbo Inlnko
Increase., and will be very much weak-
onod, If not ontlroly oxhnustod, hy tbo
Thorough knowledge of the danger
incident to his work is the best aid
the miner can have in providing for
his protection against it. and a moral
obligation .is resting on the men connected, with tho coal mining'Industry
of this country to see to l[ that reliable
advice and information' are furnished
to enable hlm to acquire such knowledge. In the fullest measure. , It, was
suggested at,the Scranton meeting of
the'MIno Inspectors' Institute of Am-
orlca that the mine inspectors tako up
this educational -work. These men
will help whorovor thoy ,cnn, but the
teaching force Is too small; it should
include also every mine manager in
the' United States and every official
in tlio Mine Workers' Union, who may
bo qualified to assist In tho .work. If
It Is profltnblo for the miners and oporators of each stalo to comor together to'discuss nnd adjust wago scales
and working conditions, joint efforts
by tbo minors, oporntors, and mlno Inspectors for the purposo ot Invest!-'
gating and devising moonB for tbo
prevention of mlno riccldontB will undoubtedly bo productive of good ro-
buKb, Tbo plnn Is fenBlblo and practical; It, ls a humane undertaking In
which all Bhould tako part, for nunlt*
od effort In this direction will cor*
talnly provo tho most potent factor In
tho preservation of life—Mines iind
Mlnoriilo.        '
If you could be in the Fit-Refonn-
, workrooms and tee a Fit-Reform Suit *
bang made, you would be amazed at;
the amount of hand tailoring put into .
each garment.  _.  '      '     . * *    •.
What you see when you look at the completed suit, is only' a
small part of the workmanship. ■
It's the hidden part—the intricate stitching—the
Hand shaping—.he patient moulding—that gives
Fit-Reform garment* to much styleand grace.
It takes expert tailors to do the land of work demanded by,
Fit-Reform. The specialists in the Ftt-Reform workrooms
are the best tailors in Canada today.1     '   '
Compare these garments with the best custom work you know
of, and you will find that the Fit-Reform standard of hand
tailoring is the highest in the Dominion.
This does not mean that Fit-Reform
garments are g expensive, prices for
high.class Suits are $18, $20, $22,
$25 up.   ' ■'■*■.
V Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block.,
Hours 9-12. 1-6 p.
"Phono. 72
'■' - .""  *.'*'_. *     .-.-*.,       '•"      *-•■,.-
' .*    -    7.  "'"  "\ '.Wr .-,*-_ '  ■*■-',.
.'Office Henderson Bloct.Fernie B.C.
•    Hours 9, toi; 2, to 5; 6'to 8.1 "
1 ,' .      ' "*   > - *     ** "*i '■>'-1 .• -' '
T  - • Residence - 21 .Viotoria .Ave.
W. R.Ross K.C.
W. S. Lane
...   ,   Barristers and Solicitors  *.'
.. i,
■r_   ,-f...
Fernle, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
■ •-. »
D. E. McTaggart
*;> -    ' ■   i r      '*',_.     '
barristers; solicitors, etc;
Cox Street  '. 7 -     . Fernie B. C.
_   *- -•■ - J *' •. -*~ , -'-^,..,.      ^ v*" *- 'y  Z -
■?,{yk. McDougall^Mgr,,,-,;   "
rV---> *-"':'..V ■'-_;■"".>"• r-'u.
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough'.
and Dressed Lumber
Send tas youp orders
F. C. Lawe
Alex. tl. Fisher
Fernie.'B.' C,
On first class
business and residential  property.-
Real Estate &. Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
For making quickly and per*
fectly, delicious hot biscuits,
hot breads, cake and pastry
there is no substitute for
CREAM     .
Diviun Dnwnrn
_____j___r_l_-T_sB wBB is T_y    mm     Sy?  fc» am _■_«_ b«2S w
Sixty Years iho Standard
Made from pure Grape
Cream of Tartar
No Alum—No Lime Phosphates
"I am entirely opposed to Hie use of alum lit
Baklua Powder*.**—Prof. Chandler, Columbia Utilv.
Head tho Lahml
•'Alain, nodi am aluin,1>aMc alumlonm aalphafe.
•ttlphate ol aluminum, all mean the name thlno—
namely. BUONT ALUM,"-Kansas Stat* Board af Health.
that the lesson would have good effect
not only ori the companies, but on employers, thousands of whom had been
granted policies at a rate which gave
a,loss on the average to the insuring
company. The average, cost of each
claim settled by the Ocean Guarantee
was larger in 1910 -than in 1900 and
there was little doubt that a further
increase must be anticipated and provided for.- . The company had year by
year set aside large sums apparently
sufficient to answer all demands that
might be made, but almost invariably
the amounts had bee insufficient.
For 1911-the Ocean ■ Accident had
decided to increase the percentage on
the premium income of the Workmen's
Compensation Department from 3G 1-3
por cent to "40 per cent, .o meet the
constantly increasing liabilities.   The
Blue Book for 1909, reference to which
was made in the foregoing, showed the
tota.l amount of compensation paid in
the seven Industries named to lmvo
booii for tho yorir , J22.274.238.   '-'This
sum would bo swelled, in the opinion
of Sir  Thomas  Hewitt,  to  between
,C3,000,000 and .24,000,000 by othor in-
dustriea for which no statistics exist.
In the short period sinco the passing of
the insurance act relating to domestic
soi'vant'B—about three and a half years
tho numbor of accidontB roportod to
tho Ocoun Accident,  and., Guarantee
Corporation alono waB 14,000, of which
70 terminated fatally.    The word   of
warning to omployors and caution t.o
tho companies coming from a man of
twenty years' qxrierlcncc at thc head
ol a big compnny may well bo tnkon
to heart In Canada, whoro recent In-
cldonlH havo shown   that   conditions
nro approximating what thoy aro In
(Irent  Britain.      In    Oorniony,    the
cost of maintaining tho «tnto Hohomo
of ponRlons has IncroaBod onormouBly,
tho working'  oxponBOH   nlono   nearly
doubling por Insured porHon.     Frlvy
Councillor   Ferdinand     FrloilovmburK
qnoioil rocontly In tho vtoltHchrlft fur
J'olltlk Uio coho of a workmnn, aftor
tho Iobb of an oyo, obtaining a pension
for lifo amounting to one-third of his
Incomo, althoiiRh ho wnn nblo to oarn
preclncly the Ramo wago an ho recolv-
od boforo tho nccldont,     Tho'caBO Ib
cloHoly paralleled by n decision. In a
Montreal court recently, An employee
on a German farm met with an accl*
dont whilo drlvlmr.    lio wns not driving his employer, nor wnB lio driving
nor whh ho driving on bohalf of hit)
omployer, but ho was driving liliiiHClf
to church for his own pleasure in his
employer's eonvoynnco,    Ho prcforrod
a clnlm for a stalo ponaloii on tho
ground "thnt tlio Hpi-vU-oh which ho
dnnlrod to attend wn» bolng hold for
tho purpoRo of praying for rain, nnd
conBoqunntly tiint IiIb drivo to church
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
■ ■  •/.,., ■-"• .■    #, ~v*;; 7 'v •,;.
Sole Agents in Fernie
, •(■ • i        , ,- -
otnthe Navy?
delivered,   to - -all • .
'    •■   i* <i *■ * - *      - '
parts of 'the, town ■
Sanders &. Verhaest-Brothers.
*,   *.  v   '- ,    -■* *' *       ,   ,
.i Proprietors   _
♦♦♦^♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ ♦«•***_
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
. ii   \
, Up-to-date '<
~'x< '■  "" ,-
■v. Call in and
see* us once;.
By One Who Has Been In It
Donr boys," have you seen the protty
posters Inviting you to Join the glorious Canadinn'Navy? There are some
manly looking fellows In blue jumpers
and white trousers!1 I notice there is
no picture of boys being held astrldo
tho bits'or a*hammock while"the slili',*j'
corporal lays on the cane with all his
strength. I notice there Is no picture
of a man In tho cells on a littlo skilly
and ono potato a day. ,1 notico thero
is no plcturo of a man "facing paintwork" for half an hour'at noon and
two hours nt night in tho course of
tho commonest punishment known as
10a, Of course, the Cnnndlnn Navy
may be dlfforont from tho - British
when I wns in It, It may bo tho hcavon
on earth depleted on tho placDrdfl Inviting recruits, but I doubt lt. Join
tho Cnnndlnn Nnvy, boys, you will havo
'ii hcavon (or ,a holl) of a tlmo. You'll
havo poor pay, coarso grub, long
hours, nnd tho only componBatlon you
will hnvo will bo tho knowlodgo that
you'ro Rorvlng your (?) country.  ,
You'll bo turned out at fi.30 In -.no
morning to Iiolyntone nnd swab down
docks; you'll hnvo small nnn drill; gun
drill, nnd nil othor kinds of drill till
you aro Jolly woll Blclc of It, You'll
lmvo lots of prlvllogoB you don't got
nnhoro, Whon tlioy let you loono
nshoro, If you fool Inclined to stay
ashore a little longer thnn they have
let you anhoro for, and yield to your
Inclination, they'll (took It to you good
and plenty. , *
I-or every six hourii you Blay ihey
will atop twenty-four Itourn pny, and
punish you with 10a or coIIh besides,
Join tlio Navy, boys, you'll know
•a tut lifo ui"*ui-i, unii it v-lil Iiii a
lull of a life you'll know. You'll
learn what ^caslcknoBB l«; you'll find
out, what It monns to llvo on hnrd
tuck nnd unit Junk; you'll know whnt
il is io ihi IniUU-il by ftctiuo KWitti ot ftu
officer nnd not daro to roply. Join
lho Navy, bo^B, tho Bnmo navy that
life—In books—its a glorious time sailors have (in books); sailors are heroes
in books). For sailors everything In
tho garden Is lovely (in'books), and
the goose hangs high (in books). >
Ready . that ' Journalistic ' flbullst
Henty, read his silly novels, and lio'll,
tell you all,about It—I don't think."
Boys, If you take the advice of ono
who' has been ln It, nnd haa not n
slnglo mark against him, bosidon leaving tho Navy an a potty officer, you
will keep out of tho Navy, or the Army,
or the Polico; or any force which i*.
kept up for the purpose of kooplng. the
working class■ down,
-Don't bo docolvod by protty plcturoB.
don't bo mlBlondy by scippy books,
whothor written by Hcnly or nny other
unctloiiB blrd-llmo artist, but tako tho
advlco ot ono who has beon there, und
Nolson wnn In, It will bo a groat conno-
wan lmdortnl'oi) In tho Interests ofjl'-tlon to you to know UiIh whon you
htit omployor."    From cn«os bucIi an wish you woro Jolly woll out of It.
thesft It la ci'.'.y to understand thnt
wlillo n totnl of 100,159 wn» reported
iu Gui-iii'in} lu I8SU nnd 10,.'10 \mw
tions wcr« granted th» figured had
grown lo flM.nst nrrlrtrnt* nnd 1-I2.nrtr»
ponrtlonn In 1A0R. Somo of tho pr.-
codontu being crtnnllHhori will mnko It
|ncr*e«»lriRly difficult for compensation
claim:i to U luiui'vacd lu thc n;ilrlt
In which tlio m-oaiuroa woro framed.--
nnlldont' ltiillrtln.
Join thn Nnvy,, hoj-H, you may bo
ft potty officer fiomo day, If lucky (tho
wrlfcr xx ae), but the clinncca cro.ng;
nlriHt it. You may bo n warrant officer
hut tho clinncoi aro nt ill lets; but tlio
cortftlntv is tlmt, whntovor yon nro or
be<om«», you'll hnvo n dovll of R tlmo
anyirny. nnd •wlnh, over and ovf r JigMn,
ihnt )••*.■■ hnd ntnyed n'hore.
Ych, 1,oya, bocomo n Jolly Jftclt Tar,
Tho coal minors' Htrlko in Boutliom
Alborta and oiiutorn Hritish Columbia
will, If not brought, to n Bpoorty ond,
havo a very Horlous offoct on tho development, of Alborta this year.
Owners of stonm plows outfits find
It ImpoHHlblo to Bocuro miffldont coal
to operate their mnchinos nnd nn n
rofluit thoro aro mnny Idlo In tho
south country, Contracts for breaking hnvo been rofnsod and tho prolm
bliltl-A nro that thoro will bo much
loBB.nnd brokon <1iIb sonnon and
thoro would havo beon had tho conl
mln-TR' Btrlko - •nnl" tiilfc yxlnrt,   •
Carl Modfthl, an onulnoor, who baB
operated Btonm plow outfits In Albortn for oovornl yonrs past, Informed
Tho Albostan recently thnt lu tho country north of.HftHsano and enot that
thoro nro Hovornl outfit* Idlo, and
that, If tlio conl roqulrod could bo obtained, would bo busy turning ovor tho
prnlrlo «od. Thoro !» aomo movomont, ho Bald, to BOf-uro a supply of
brWiuottOB from tho ea»t but bo far
as his exporlonco ownt, bo did not
consider tlut they would bo Milted for
stoam purposes ori plow outfits. Tlioy
burn uuuy uul.'.Wly tuul nro vory bard
on tho bollors. Dealers In stoam
engines and plow outfits nlso stnto
tlmt many orders' tnkon earlier
In thqi Bonnon havo boon cancollod
owing to Uul Impossibility of socur-
[un rucl to opurutu il.*.*,.. tbu »4)tut_n.
Under tho clrcumntnnrc* it will bo
Cod Liver Oil With .
the Oil Taken Out
A Triumph for Chemical Science and
Pharmaceutical Skill
Oil from the.liver of the cod-fish hat
been used as a preventative of disease
and a restorative for ages.
, Por a long time it has,been the general
opinion that the medicinal value of. Cod
Liver Oil was the greasy, oily part itself,,
—lt8*.only drawback being the unpalatable', fishy taste of the oil. 7
From the first experts have been trying to find mean's to make it more palatable. They used to .'cut" it with
whiskey—take it in wine—flavor it with
lemon juice—anything to get away from
that abominable fishy taste and smell. ,
Lots of people still ,tnke it in Emulsion form, which,is nothing more than
"churned"   oil—broken   up—but   still'
greasy,'oily and a strain on the digestion.
Doctors used to think it nas the oil
Itself that built up ' the pystcm—they
were slow to find out that the oil was a
distinct drawback to the medicinal principles contained in it,
Crude oil is quite indigestible, and
will, in time, put the strongest stomach
out of order.
A way has now been discovered to do
away with the grease and the smell, and
yet retain all the medicinal properties
of the liver, This is done bv removing
the fresh oil from the new livers. The
liver pulp is then reduced to the form
of an extract like toef extract.
Nyal's Cod Liver Compound is simply
this liver extract combined with an extract of malt nnd healing wild cherry.
It also contains the true hypophosphites,
This combination malfes Nyal's Cod
Liver Compound a delicious tonic-
builds up the system, and makes you
strong,   , ,
Take It when you feel yourself losing
your grip, It's *. pleasure to take-
even the children like It,
Get n bottle to-day and ward off
disease. 11.00 for a lsrje bottle, Your
druggist will cheerfully recommend it
because be knows all about it.
Por Salo ln Fornio ati'd Guftrunteod by
The. Hotel of Fernie
Pernio. Lending Commercial
and Tourist House *.,
S. F. WALLACE, Prop. .
and Transfer
Om for etch evtryday tiUnasI
Wood and Hard Coal |
for Sale
George Barton
Lliard Local General Teamsters No,
14,1. Mootu ovory Friday night nt
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hnll. W,
A' Worthlngton, Prosldcnti 13. J,
flood, Bocrotnry,
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Moots 2nd
nnd -4th Sundays nt 2.30 p.m, Secretary J. A. OoupllI, Waldorf Hotel,
Gladstone Local No, S314 U. M. W. A.
' Moots Snd and tth Thursday Manors
Union hnll,    J). Hoon, So\
llko yon road of In books, Its n flno I neon that tho farmers nnd landowners
of Alborta nro ns much IntoroHtod In
tho striko negotiations nnd n sottlo-
mont. of tho lnbor troubles as any
othor clnss of cltlzons. As Is nlwiiyn
thn i-cnfio In such tanon, ther*". Is a
third party, tho gonornl public, which
Is not tho .least sufferer In times of
prolonged inbor troubles. Tho Iohh'
of ovon a couplo of months nt thin son*
son of tho yoar Is vory sorlous nnd will
If continued bo n groat handicap to
tho expected (k-vtlot-ment of the province
Tho cuitl mint*!*-**' tttrlko U lho only
cloud on tho bright outlook ot tho,
provlncfl nt tho present tlmo and
overy citizen hopes that through tha
modfntlon of tho ronclllntlon bonri
oven that cloud may bo quickly ills-
irisllt'd nud Uaimouy Iwlwccu cuiuloyer
and employed be onco moro rel'.orcd.
Typoaraphlcal Union No. iW Moots
last Saturday In each month at jtbo
Lodgor Offlco. „ A. J, Duckloy, Soc*
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Moots
In Miner* Union Hall every Sunday
n*J'7.-18 p.m. Evorybody welcome. D.
Pntpn, Socrotnry-TronBiiror,
Amalgamated Society Carp inters  and'
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hnll every
nlUtrnnto Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary, P. 0. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1920. D. J. Kvans,
1 'residunt; _. H. fclhaw. (secretary.
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
pllll ate en
i; <*__«__ v« |
kil cntip In     . . ..
L*\* •_ ** _** ?_'•_•_ •"•*' I**-*- i********* 1° »•*>» *&*!***■
Tb* ImImU Urea C«„ Kb UUiuftBM, Oat.
For Sals at Bleasdell's Drug Store. '" *.'
The Weekys JVewiJor
Our Foreign Brothers
; '   ;7Dkt* de ,pers in-den gelegendheid
.'- ,_bu wezen hot publlcl. in te lichteri
*"Y;.omtreht"' de ' vobrtgaiig der  zillirigeri
.  - zoodat* niet alleen', de leden" van-af-
deellng 18 ' met. de, * stand van■zaken
/'"oekendC'zoudeh  zijn," 'maar Vok * het
_ ... publlek.  het.-volgende' telegram  was
op Zaterdag mlddag verzoriden.   Hon.
■' .* .MacKenzie  King, -Ottawa,   Vertegen-
■woordlgers.vanafdeeling-,18 beluigen
■-*,- htm  ' liedwezen* *,dat '■'het' **oriderz-
"    vek ^ der   raad'   "plaats    ,Yind     met
•    gesloten deiiren.    Gaarne zouden wij
(J weten welke houdlng h^t Departement
"van arbeid en ook de Regeering ' In
■doze oan' zal nemon, wlj waren * toeD
wij de bemiddellng der raad vroegen
in den verondersholllng, dat het publlek volkomon zoude worden lngellcht,
;-  en het nit -sluiten der pej-s is volgens
ons inzien niet 'bevordelijbe tot dit
-   .doel. " Gebeekend.   '.W: B. Powell,'Pre-
-> . sldent;: C. Stubbs, Vice-President, af-
7 'dsellng 18 'JO. M..W. af A..  'Waarop
... „• liet volgende antwoord was ontvangen,
* *7 Ottawa, Ont, 30."-' '-','"     '
7 . W. B. Powell, Presldentafdeellng 18,
• TJ. --M. • W/ of A, Lethbridget   In ant-
\ "woord op Telegram geteekend bij,Mr.
Stubbs en u zelf raads'besluit/Nijver-
..helds Verschil" Onderzoek, slelt .vast
,y dat zittingen in het'openbaar gehou-
' 7'denzullen worden.'Maar staat toe dat
.zittingen in het gehelm worden,gehoii-
,_en.'. *?De..houding der "Regeering en
Department in'deze is,' zlcli niet in te"
• laten met den zaad, maar hun'de.vry
•  held^ latende toegestaan' bij denv wet.
-Het houden-der zittingen met gesloten
jieurem heeft-dlkwijls plaats,gevonden
"tot het voordeel der belrokken partijen
.-'*en''zeer zeker de raad in dit verschil
.he-eft het raadzaam   gevondeiP*-_ezen
weg te.volgen voor het begin ten mins-
*,   te.     Geen vrees dat-voprstellen-'door
de vertegenwoordigers'der mijners in
. , gebfacht.tot het houden'der zittingen
- met open deuren door denraad ernstlg
In overweging^genomenzullen'worden.
W.'L. MacKenzie King.
,7   De leden van deze plaatselijke ,vak-
"-*' '*, vereenigirig>erzoeken de raad van nit-
- * _--,voering van afdeellhg 18 geen getiuge-
\ ;,-nis, af .eleggen voor* den verzoenings.
raad zoolang de zittingen met; gesla-
*°" ten.deuren worden   gehouden.     Het
-tgemeene stemmen was aangenomen/in
'**■   een bultenge^oone.' "*-     _.-,•,7'.'     ;
-vergadering" te Michel, bewijst dat de
■   - nltveerlngs raad handelt. in   overeen-
-- , stemming..met, de wensclien .van^hun
wolko zlj verte-.enwoordigeu.    De me-
" dodeejlng'der werkgevers'dat- het' hun
^'wensch was dat er.een na.urvkewrig
-   onderzoek werd ingesteld" komt'nlet
oyoreon met hun logenwoordlge houdlng," en' hun.vorontscjhuldlglng dat zlj
hunne zaken niet publick gemaakt wll-
*,   den zlon, Zeer zeker een gegzonde,   is
'■ niet bevordelljk ziolang zij-daar bij
,blljven,   tot, eon   spoedlgo oplossing.
:   Manndag de hoafd persoonen in,het
onderzoek bozochton do mljnen    in
Prank en Colemnn,     Dlhgsdagwerd
or niet vool godnjan.    Nadat Peacock
- getmlgonls had gegevon' Logan Check-
weighman was asm do beurt on zijn
vorhoor nam. eon nnnvang,    Do vraag
.voor vol publlokcatlols op dit vogen-
bllk hot gorvlchtlgBto ondorworp, .on
hot zal raooten wordon nltgomaakt wol-
Icon woy gevolgd zal wordon nf eon
"bronk Is zoogvod nln onvermydelyk.
Het Is to iierwachten dat do eerst val-
gondo zlttlngor In dczo stad gohuiidon
,,'    zullon wordon.
Dat do stad Lothbrldgo Is vorkorcn
nis zlttlng plaatB voor do verzoobnlngB
'- raad to ondcrzook do znnk omtront hot
, ntoppon dor **,ycrkznnmhodon in do Oost
JJritlBh en Zuld Alborta mijnon hooft
hot govolg dat dozo alnd Is hot Moccn
voor eon groot' nnntnl porsoonon wolko
groot bolang hobbon In don hnndol dor
provlnolo. Dnnr do boldo pnrtljon nlot
ovoroon kondon komon omtrent eon
* goschlkto voorzlttor, dozens van dozo
bloc/ opon voor don'Mlnlstor van
nrbold. W, L. MneKonzIo King,' on 11911.
oomdo n-ov. C. W. Gordon, vnn Wlnnl-
peg, botor lwkond nis con sohrljvor on-
dor do pnnm vnn Ralph Connor, nltgo*
vor van do Doctor, do Prospector, SklJ
Pilot,'do Man from Glongnrry on moor
lh - Canada' dan als "een- dienaar der
kerk Dozen Heer de benoeining aangenomen hebbende iarriveefde in.Leth
bridge, Dlngsdag* morg'en in', den vrc-
gete,.'";,--• . .    y J •',.
,*- De hobfdpersoonen in deze vergader-
Ingzijn C.;W. Gordon, yoorzitter secr-
etaris'A. J. Carter voor .e mljnera ct;
Colin Maeleod voor de werkgevers,' J.
De Niven van het Regeering Departement treed op als'secretaris*voor den
raad. *   Terwyl van belde zijden man
nen-behoemd zijn om den •*• raad van
inlichtlngen te voorzieii.-   Den eerste'n
vorgaderlng , Dingsdag  dieiide" alleen
voor, het maken van ,voorbereidende
maatgeselen. -, Op den dag van sctiry-
ven (Donderdag) ,men mag zeggen dat
er een verdoovonde stiltebestaat omtrent wat er omgaat in de zittings der
yerzoenlngs raad,     Er waren   voor-*
stellen om.de werkzaamheden te her-'
Vatten maar.. deze \verden niet ernstig
opgevat, eri zoover de mijners betreft
deze willen een doorgl-ondig onderzoek
onverscbllllg.hoelang dit mag duren, en
als   een 'overeenkomst   is   gezloten
dan, het tijd genoeg om'houweel en
schop weder'optenemen altijd verond-
ersteHende - dat de werkgevers-.   zijn
genegen' het werk te laten Kervatbem.
Enigen der werkgevers maakten de op-
merking;dat de door ete .vakvereenig
ingen opgelegde schatting'en een groote
druk^op de loonen der mijners-was.
Het' is zeker ^waar, dat . het   fileinste
gedeelte'afgenbmen van de laage loonen welke  het7 laaste  jaar  gemaakt
zijn groot moet-sohijnen. "  Maar'als
er was"eenige..oprechthe'id" in de'op-
merklngen dan was dit gemahkelijh -te
verbeteren  door het geven van* wat
meer geregeld "werk.     En daar is nog
lets anders wat de werkgevers in aan-
merking "zouden nemen! en wel dit, dat
de* loonen in kampen,-waar, vakveree-
nigen bestaan mihstens * 15 per cent,
hooger zijn even na aftrek' der schat-
tingen als in' hampen waar. deze hiet
bestaan.- '';        " . '  -
Vrijdag—Van onze ergene, verslag-
gever Donderdag de'vraag omtrent het
hervatten der werkzaamheden was we-
der ter" tafel gebracht* bij yoovzitter
Gordonwelke, w'erkende bij de orders
ontvangen' van den'.Minister Van arbeid, Er bijzonder voor was dat de
mijners Ket werk,T. zouden- hervatten.
Daar onze positie-'nlet.verandert was
en mijners kwamen nu'te.zamen om
zoo-mogelijk te* tracbten eeri ontwerp
voor een overeenkomst vast te stellen
met de veronderstelling datziilke arti-
kelen in welke-tot geori overeenkomst
gekomen kon worden ter zijde zouden
worden gelaten. Maar' het bleek
spoedig dnt de werkgevers ,den zelf-
den weg'wilden bewandelen als in Calgary, en- kwumen tot een stop bij het
artikel wat West, arbeiders niet onde'r
het regitgebled der U. M. W. of A..niet
tegenstaondo dat det was overeenge^
komen dat artikelen ih welke niet
ovoreen gekomen kon wordon, tor
zijdo zouden worden gelaten. In
den zlttlng van ' Vrijdag, ■ maakten wlj , de voorzltter bekend
dat daar wlj tot goon* overeenkomst kondon komen het, beter was
dnt hot oilderzook werd voortgezet,
Stockett voordo workgovers mankto be-
hond dat zlj zlch bij de bestnlton der
rand nodor wlldon leggon. ' De vorto-
gonwoordlgorsl der mljnorB , ochtor
wolgordon'dlt bopaald. Do zlttlng don
word vorschoven om do lodon golegond-
hold to govon voor'eon, nauwkourlg onderzoek In No. 6 en 3 mijnon to Loth-
bridgo. En mot do naspeurlng aanto-
vongon op Zntordng.
Burveyors^Whi'   Arrived;:«t.Nome
.     Were Frequentiyyiiited by '
> .**,Master Briiln-"-*•:-.-".'-    > '
Some extraordinary^ stories' _>f "experiences on the '•*■ Alaska! |IBoundair
Survey are told by Mr^lLfS. Mussell.
of Ottawa, who recently arrived at
Nome after' long aiid-arduous labors
in*-survey work, Bays.. Rod .and Gun.
The surveyors found'more1 bears there
than. they did, on the Stikine .River
and soon realized'that.these animals
were disposed to be friendly/" Apparently their food supplies were abundant,'and the bears, though  paying
freQuent'visits,  never attempted  to
molest -the men.   The smell of *. frying
bacon proved irresistible,-   and    the
beam came cloBe enough for |idbits
to be thrown to them.--Finally they
took to visiting the camps' and foraging for themselves at night.1 but the
men resented this,'although,the bears
never disturbed" tlieir privacy.    The'
region Ib extremely rough, • being, a
vaBt series of high peaks covered with"
eternal snow.-. It'was impossible to
place boundary pillars there, and the
triangulation work, and  photographs
will form the record.  In all about four
hundred square miles of the territory
was covered. * This Involved the climbing, of high peak8,some of them having an elevation of over eight thousand feet. ■ The Muddy, River, a tributary fit theTaku, rises at the foot of
a glacier which Lls believed to be the
largest glacier in the world.   The glacier, not' counting Its arms and the
snowB in the vicinity ls easily twenty
miles long.   The surveyors scaled and
crossed it at different points.   Depressions,   owing * to  thaw, existed, and
sweeping through the icy banks,were
swept down th-* mountain side with the
speed of an avalanche.   In eight hours
the river rose twenty-two feet, and the
camp and supplies'had to be" hastily
removed.  The boundary line zig-zags a
good deal.      7 ' "
New Provisions Governing ths Slaughter of Chickens
■ The Alberta povernment have made
important amendments, to the Game
Act. "Perhaps' the most important of
all are' the provisions for the protec:
tion of prairie chickens, the slaughter
of-which • has been so common in the
past.*: In future hunters will be limited
to ten chickens per man per day: The
opening of the duck season "will be
changed from August twenty-third to
September first. ; .-- ,." _    '  "
In futuro a residential bird license
of $1.25 will be necessary before game
birds.can be shot. Provision is made
for'the protection of'Hungarian"partridge.",    ;. 7 ,;   7 "-     - * ,   -^
Game wardens in the-future are to
possess the powor to make arrests.
Lloyd-George'-introduces Interesting
Legislation Into British House "of
Commons—Meets With the Approv-
v ai of All.   - , . .-.**-
than $100 are-provided for offenders
under the Act.   77
Non-residents, , the- guests of settlers, must pay $5 for the privilege of
hunting as.under the old-Act. A provision is also /made- that, residents,
accompanying - non-residents without
licenses, are equally offenders under
the law. ""   ' .
BUTTE.—Tho wlno rooms- through
out tho city, two danco halls, In tho
rostrlctod dlBtrlct, and music In nil
Hoclnl pnrlor housf-s In tho red-light
zorto aro tilings of tho paBt, Mnyor
Lowlu J. Duncnn, noclnllst, who wna
Inducted Into, offlco rocontly, IhsuoiI
ordors to Chlof of Polico Murphy to
clon« up nil such places, and tho chlof
with nomo of his assistants, notified
all IntoroHtod. Any" porsons found
guilty of vlolntlng tho law will bo
plncod undor nrrost nnd bo proso-
cutod to tho full oxtent of tho law,
According to tho information rocolvod by tho mnyor wlno room* pro-
nminrnn «... i.__7,   " — •" - ™"  vnll all ovor tho city In direct viola-
nndoron ovor hot lovon on tooslandon lion of tho stntutcs.
Many   Varieties of the   Finny Tribe
Caught In the North
* A, Government expedition consisting of Professor A..E. Barlow, of McGill, Professor Gulllln, of Queen's, Mr.
Palrbault, of the Dominion Geological
Survey, J.' H. Valiquette, engineer of
tho Provincial Department of Mines,
spent threo and a half months in
Northorn Quebec, ln tho region between Lake St. John and James Bay.
While the mombers woro largely on-
gaged, in prospecting thoy found the
waters abounding ln many variotios of
fish. In some of, tho lakes members
of the party took Bpockledred trout
up to flvo and six pounds in weight
Huge gray lako trout or touladl wore
captured as woll as whito fish, pike
and pickerel. Plenty of feathered
gnmo was seen. ' The only big gamo
killed was a. bear, tho animals being
numerous along tho route followed by
tbo explorers. This routo traversed
somo of tho hunting ground of tho
Montagnals Indians, and numbers of
tho Inttor wero scurod as guides for
tho oxpedltton. ,\
List of Locals District 18
Corrected by District Secretary up to April 22nd, 1911
NO,        NAME SEC. »nrf P. n Anopp-??
20   Bankhead V. Wh-^tw, Tir-.r.khmfl, Altn.
8    _Tr C"0k  P' an"*"«"*' Mvw Crook, via Pincher
I!!   t, a,Tro  D'J'ChM0* Ulilrmoro, Altn.
"J  Jurmli  Wm. Sloan, Burmis, AUa.
•U78   Canmoro  N. n. -Thn^iiv p-    \u.
fils-J   S?tnM,,n7 •- ^a^^CoIeman/AlU.'""
2378   __!__?    '. ?•»• ?.ftv,0,• c»rb°n«""o. Coleman, Alta.
„„   ™d ff L. Hucklns, Cardiff, Alta.
It ll   !_     n  n> Jonc"' Corbln'" »• C
*«!   ES?d C,ty,',,• ?«Ie' b,'b"l,• D,Bmon,1 C,t* Abridge.
fell  ?""• D- ReM.-Fernle. n. C.
IT*  » anfc' * ■'-' °* N,co1' Frnnk- M*-
J;";   »M"-«r J. Ayre, Hosmer, B. C.
>W   llOkstM  J. o. Jones. Hillcrest, Altn.
ihi '*!1hbrtdw x* Moo»' P- O. B°x 1«. Uthbrldge
"!:   """ • • • w* 1* K«n*. Lille, Frank, Alt*
ilu   J fL ,UM  M' G,Mtty'Mftpto Uaf' ™lc'»*- Alt».
M34   Michel  M. Burrell. Michel, B. C.
nail  r***lor*' — w»- Cooke, Passburg, AH*.
'  03   52-CtoBtoCta* '' * 5__   V"^- UT* ***«"- ""*«*». Alia
-«V»   -. .     William Russell. Taber, Alta.
•fl,va  n ftbc*'  E. Drown, Taber, Altn.
What Boys Were Able to Do on a
8rnall Form
Nonr a Mnrltlmo Provlnco town a'
man, his wlfo, and two sons lived on
a flvo-ncro lot. Tho head of tho houso
ran a carrrago shop and paid littlo attention to tho land. Tho boys paid
loss nttontlon, and, woro on tho road
to nothing In particular. Tho fathor
died, lonvlng tho plnco Involvod. Then
tho boys nwakonod, and began to till
tho flvo ncros. Last yenr they ox-
pouted to noil by tho end of tho sonson
ovor ono thousand dollars' worth of
produco from tho flvo acres. Among
athor things they marketed one half
aero of tomatoes and ono aero of,
Rxeon bonns. Tlio little fnrm Is no
longer Involved.
Building Programme of the Canadian
Northern Railway    (|
LON5DON; May- ..—David Lloyd-
George'V'reappeared in the'"house.-.of
commons to-day, being present for
the first .time, since his "physical
breakdown. ■", He introduced" the long
promised plan of state insurance against unemployment.' sickness and invalidity.- ' ', "'-,,-%.. . ,,.*■-
The chancellor divided his proposition in'two. parts, one'dealing with
sickness and the/other' with unemployment. *,,, By. the "provisions of tho
measure,., every worker whose annual
earnings .fall below the income tax
level of £160 sterling, will cbmpulsori-
ly insure against Illness,so-as to insure him the receipt of five shillings
($1.20) per week during his Incapacity.
Towards this, this worker would contribute about one-half, the same being
deducted 'from his wages, while the
balance would-be paid jointly by the
employer and-the state. 7'
. The weekly "assessment against the
Insured. would be eight cents lh the
case of a man,,,and six cents for a
woman representing as the chancellor put it, two- pints of ale or one
ounce of-tobacco. , •
Every one in the' clause mentioned
between the ages of "sixteen and slxty-
.fiye is . included , in' the plan.** The
employers would pay six cents., weekly for every employee and the government contribute four cents for each of
the insured.,       " ,'■,.'
The People Affected
* Mr. Lloyd-George estimated "that Ms
plan.-would.'affect 14,700,000 men and
crusade against consumption, providing $7 ;500',000, to, aid local authorities
in building sanatoriumsiand $5,000,000
toward their._,maintenance. Although*
in cases of- permanent disability, the
sick allowance would be five shillings
weekly, ten shillings would be allowed
for the first three .months in-the'case
of men a,nd seven shillings and. six
pence in the case .of women. Those
who. can "be .shown to have invited
incapacity,- would receive no insurance, though any necessary treatment'
would be-provided:-' "       *   '- ' -,
\ '.What" lit Will Cost
- Mr. Lloyd-George estimated that, the
expenditure will be $33,000 in 1912-13
rising to $100,000 in 1914-15. .'Dealing
with unemployment Insurance, .the
chancellor said .that It. would at first
apply—only^-to ■"the~eiigineeringr"ship5"
building'and house building .trades,
involving - - 2,500,000 i workers. Both
the workers and the employers would
pay five "cents weekly each,'the state
contributing $3,750,000 a year or
about one-fourth of the total cost.
The contrlbiitioners when unemployed
will,receive a maximum of 15 shil-*
lings and a minimum of seven shillings weekly. No payments would
be. made in strikes or lockouts. The
chancellor was doubly cheered when
he concluded his speech. J. Austin
Chamberlain supported the bill, saying
the opposition desired to co-operate
in the legislation.
,, [.
The Liberals Approve,
' Tho long promised scheme of state
sicklies and Invalidity, Introduced In
tho Houso of, Commons to-dny by
liavld Lloyd-George, chancellor of tho
exchequer, was received with an extraordinary chorus of approbation by
all partlos In parliament, which must
havo grently astonished that much excited member. It will bo'difficult lo
avoid the conclusion thnt tho pralso
bestowed by his political opponents
conceals a sldo thrust at his old age
pensions'^measure, which has. always
boon soveroly crltlclsod by tho Unionist becauso lt was not contributory,
Wlillo tho government supporters
hall tho IriBiirnnco measure as tho
most comprehensive plnn of construe
tlvo legislation Introduced Into parliament, fnr exceeding in grasp and com-
pnss anything antlclpntod and bottor
than tho Dcrmnn system, tho Unionists offer ungrudging toBtlmony to tho
cnpnclty nnd the mnRtry of tho In-
trlcnto dotnlls displnyod. Tho gonornl
opinion Ib thnt Chnncollor Lloyd*
Gnome Is too optimistic with regard to
tho cost of tho scheme tb tho main
nnd employers, and n strong nolo of
criticism Is nlrondy r-mnnntlng from
tho grent mnnufactiirotH who nro cortnln to bo heavily burdonod, In
brief, tho sltuntlon m-penm to bo thnt
ovon If the oppoHllton dislike tho mon.
suro oppose It nftor tho success which
attended tho pension schomo.
The Irish Approve
General approval of tho prlnclplos
of tho bll] was oxprossod by tho ro-
prosontnvlvos or nil parlies, although
somo of tho details woro crlllr-lzod.
John Bedmond coiiRratulatiHl    Mr.
T.lnv'I.Oflnrir'*. on  IXio ofxiirtipn nnrf  rn
vs. C.NP.CoitI Co.
Judgment pf the Honorable    Chief
Justice  McDonald.
•, This, is an appeal from the decision
of Clement J. in respondent's - favor
in answer to the following question
submitted to him by an arbitration
under the Workmen's Compensation
Act, 1902. That statute provides that
"If in any employment to* which * this
Act applies; personal injury by accident arising out of,* and in" the course
of his employment is caused to a
workman, his employer shall, subject
as hereinafter mentioned, be liable, to
pay compensation In accordance with
.the first schedule tb this act. That
schedule provides foreom'pensation* to
the workman* for injury where death
does not result, and also provides that
if the workman leaves any dependants,
rolely or. partially dependent upon his
earnings 'at the time of ; his .death,
those dependants shall be'"entitled tb
No reasons* for judgment were given
but as tlie learned Judge,.cited Vare-
sIckvs'B .C. Cooper Co. 12; B. C. 28 .
we may assume that the reasons given
there were his reasons for'judgment in
this case. With the exception of,the
Varesick case, we have been referred
to no authority directly in point. " Our
attention was called, however, to* the
case,of Baird vs. Birsztan 1906 8 P. 434
-.Court of Sessions) from which It appears that an alien dependant residing
abroad was awarded compensation,' but
it was pointed out, and it appe.ars to be
true that the question we have to
consider now is not raised in that'ease.
Doubtless" there "have been many cases
of that sort but they.'are of no assistance'to us here. • The question therefore,* I think, must-be decided on the
construction of the Statute, bearing in
mind the rule laid down by Maxwell on
thejnterpretation of Statutes, and referred to with,* approval in Tomalin
,ys. Pearson ,1909, 2 K.- B. D. 61:' That
in the absence, of an intention clearly
expressed or to be,inferred from its
language; or from the object or subject made; or history of the argument,
the presumption that Parliament does
not design its statutes to operate beyond the territorial limits of the Unit-
ed Kingdom. {: This- seems to follow
generally what was said in Jefferies
vs. Boosey 4 H. L,_.Cas._8__5TlwhRrp.'thP
One milo of new railway for every | thuslnsm which   ho
„__» --.."- ■■,_.c,t--'' cl0,° l0 conitructlng
SOO miles of railway within the pro-
vlnco If they carry out their pro-
j-.iar.iroo for tbe coming year. '
principles whfch ought to be attended
to in-ascertaining the scoi _ of acts'of
Parliament were very fully considered
by the House of Lords which decided
that .case after submitting questions to
the judges.   Park B. one of the judges,
states the rule thus:,   'When Parliament's legislate for the benefit of, persons, prima facie they must be considered - to. mean  the benefit" of those
who owe obedience    to    them,    and
whose Interests they are under a co-
relative  obligation   to  protect."  and
Jarvlc C-J. , In the same caso said:
"No duty can bo Imposed upon aliens
resident abroad nnd the legislature of
this country,Is not concerned either
to i protect their interests or to control; thoir rights."     Aftor hearing tho
opinions of the judges, tho House of
Lords gave, judgment in that caso* unanimously In, favor of excluding, from
tho, oporation of the statute there in
question (the Copyright Act 8 Ann.)
nllbns rosidont abrond for reasons prnctlcnlly Identical   with   thoso   cited
above.     Cranworth  L.  C.  pngo '97,
snld: "Tho objoct of giving thnt privilege (Copyright) must ho tnkon   to
hnvo been a national object, nnd the
prlvllegod clnss to bb,confined to n
portion of tho community for.tho gonornl ndvnntngo of which, tho nrgumonl
wns mnde.'
On tho othor hnnd Dnvldson vb.
IIIII 70 L. J, K, D. 788, a'declBlon nn-
dor tho Fatnl Accidents Act waa rollod
upon by tho respondent's counsol ns
authority for thoir contontlon tlmt tho
benefit of nn act such as Uiu Workmen's Componsntlon Act ought to
oxtond to nllon dependants resident
abrond. I think n distinction must
bo drawn bol won tho former Art nnd
tho Act now under consideration.
Tho former wns Intondod to romody
nii Injustice hy ennhllng dopondnnls
to obtnin compensation for n wrong
doim to tho (loroiised which, by common lnw tlmy wero dwilfd, Hero tho
ennoa differ—nn obligation founded
nn no wrongful net Ih Imimswl upon
tho omployor on whnt I vonturo to
think nro considerations of public pol*
Icy. Tho Workmen's Compensation
j Art Ih In its nature domestic or municipal nnd It mny bo regarded m. n
■shifting of whnl 0110 might cull
(though strictly not ono) a duty
namely, to provide for tho destitute
from thn «tnt«. to tho nmnlrmv THs
hnrt ahnwii |*n 1 i»rov!nco owos no such obligation to
'"- ~*        could  not  b. I
slnto or upon
ill     JM l/MllO-Cli      HI"     VV~l_|ri_IUI|UII     Ul      HK-i   ■*"" " """ ~      ' ""■*•'       *"     T"w     HlrHIOf il-LUCO 1
»nborlt*"*. but added that ho thought j *** l,,lnk no ■■•t<mt °»-«h'1 »« ho Inferred
" from thi** wrtrVln<r''° lmt>oB<> ohlldiatlon on f-mnlfw-n** bol
Henry   William • -y',0'i   ,h/"   <,-5",t'»*l'»l   to   accompli*!)
Varuor. iitw   of   the    Conservative w,mt wouW ■PI****'' to be tho l-pgUla
whips, wnrmly congrntulntcd tho bill,
.workman who. accepts employment
within-the province, a promise that
in case" of his death in such' employment by accident, the employer shall
be compelled-to" compensate his de-
pendante7 ' This. .1, think, is based
upon the, idea that ..the dependants
derive their rights from or through tho
deceased workman, but, as pointed
out in Tomalin vs. Pearson supra, the
benefit, conferred directly upon dependants. " "' -    '  *,
But all this brings us back again to
the question "what was the intention
of the legislature?" . Suppose it had
thought fit to "provide state Insurance for the benefit of workmen nnd
their dependants in the broad terms
employed in this act, would not the
fair inference be that it intended no
more than to benefit those who were
actually within its jurisdiction; those
who owed duty to its laws and to
whom it is reasonable to,suppose it
might think it owed a duty to make
provisions for. The act in substance
does effect state insurance. , To say
as Clement J. said on the, authority of
Lord" Macnaughton in Fenton vs.
Thorley 72 L. J:* K. B. 787,' that the
basic idea of the act is; accident insurance for the- workman, seems to
me to strengthen the employer's case.
I cannot, however, agree xwlt'h what
appears'to be'his views, that we'can
apply to this case the person'applicable to insurance effected by.contract.
It was argued for'the respondent,* rely
ing on,-Davidson vs. Hill supra that
the accident having happened ln this'
province, had death not ensued, .the
workman could have claimed compensation. " Therefore the reasons for, the
decision in that case apply here, but
as I read Davidson vs. Hill, the ques
tions there'relied upon,-do not enter
into this case at ■ all.. Kennedy J,
page 292, said: "The;'basis of -the
plan to which the Fatal Accidents Act
gives statutory, authority is negligence causing, an Injury- and that is
a wrong which° I believe the', law of
every civilized country treats as. an
actionable wrong."- And again:
"Nevertheless as I venture to think it
is true to say that insubstance the
purpose and effect of the legislature
is to extend the area of reparation
for a wrong which all civilized nations
trea^as-an"a"ctioirabie~Won_r 1 Tun
convinced that alien dependants, resident abroad, are not within the purview of the Workmen's Compensation
Act. There is very "little Internal
evidence, of the legislature's* Inten
tion in this behalf to be found In
the act, but I think perhaps section
8. of the second schedule furnishes
some, although perhaps only slight
evidence that those, who enacted this
legislation never had' In contemplation as a person entitled to-be awarded
compensation anyone other thnn a
resident of tho province.
I would allow tho appeal.
,,.T. A.  McDONALD.
Victoria, April 28th, 1911,
In   the   Court "of  Appeal.—Krzuz  vs.
C. N. P. Coal Co, '
Judgment of the Honornblo Mr. Justice Galllhor:
I havo given this caso vory enroful
consideration, nnd nn I ngreo entirely
wllh tho rcnsoiiB by tho Chlof Justlco,
it ls unnecessary for mo to do moro
than concur In allowing the npponl.
Vancouvor, R C„ April 28, 1911.
' f 1*1        " '"■,     '     ' """-» iinusinsm   wnif-n    ne    nnn   anr-wri  in 1 *»'"■*■*"•» ■*.■■*■■'■ mi mien
-IrslVhVec^ tho work of social wform !»«•»• **»*•   These1,
P-nd'nn Northorn Railway In Can- -J- R- MwsDonald. mombor for Lelccs-jfornB a hxmUn UP**"- ««•
ida.   In mil, in Alberta alone, the t'er, promised tho co-operation of the.jf,''vatlU fha'lty In the «
• anadlan Northern will endeavor to 11 nborlt--*-* but nd-J-' "—* •" ■"-- '      ,1ll,,,r *"" ■"■"■■' «■•■»«•
'ivlM ono milo a. day lor ovory workln* ,     ' _.
,.,. .. ,v. ,      .      ,,u,v" w«"»«n*f   firf-mlii-fr******  pvart^rt
1   ■■    •    . .«■-   .«. w,.ww» uis..*__* \*:,to'i ,
vl/l come protty closo to comtructlng •""OP'0 rnU'r '•'J*'1*
In  the  Court of Appeal.—Krzuz vs.
C. N. P. Coal Co.
Judgment of tho Honorable'.Mr, Justice Irving:
I hnvo reached' n different conclusion. During tho porlod thnt Lord
Colllni. snt in tho Court of Appeal nn
Mnslor of tlm Roll-**- nnoi-itiOT. n numbor of decisions wore uiven In which
this act wob construed In thn way
most bonoflclnl for tho elnlmnnts ror
componsntlon. o.g.,:—Darlington vs.
noscno, 1007, 1 IC. H„ 23|, wo find
thnt tho loglslnturo nppenrs to havo' Intended to simplify mnttors Inasmuch
as posslblo ho as to avoid considera
tion which might" Involve the claimants in the making of elaborate-calculations and* that, the right to the
compensation money descends to the 1
personal representative of the dependant without having, made a claim;
United  Collieries.  1909. A.C.  383:.«A
posthumods illegitimate child has been
held to be a dependant of an injured
man within the meaning of the act;
Schofield vs. Orrell. 1909, 1 K.B. 178:
Affirmed by the House,of Lords- 1909 .
A.C., 438; Hodgson vs. WeBt Colliery,
1910', A.C., 239: These decisions have-
been indorsed by the Houso of Lords"
as  being  sound.      Seo  Hodgson  vs..
West  Stanley  Collieries,   1910.  A.C,
237, and from the mit would seem that
the spirit of the act Is a liberal and
beneficient one;"and see also Keeling
vs. Moncton. 1911, 1 K.B., 250: Whether a person is or is hot dependent Is
a pure* question of fact irrespective or
legal responsibility the only prescrib-1
ed  limit is   that of  kinship..     This
the arbitrator decides as a question of
fact. *-*=,''
Compare Conybare vs. London 1891
I Q.B., 118; R. vs. Zuletal C. C P.
215;   Santos  vs.   Illidge   28,   L.J.C.P. .
317. ,
It is settled by authority 1909, 2K.B "
65  that  the  accident  must' be   one
made liable to the jurisdiction of this
one there who has tlie ".status  of a1
workman  to* some emloyer who .  is '•
made liable to the jrisdictioii of this
act.   ' The principle seems to be correct beyond question, but it does hot
design its statutes to operate beyond its '
terratorial .limits.      That    principle
seems to be correct beyond question,
but it'does not to my mind necessari-"
ly cover ,the case we have under consideration.     So far as I can see the -
fact that the workman injured was an -
alien, while that the claimants if resl-'
„dents, are aliens, does not touch the "
question.' An alien within the realm
enjoys the general protection of the
King which extends particularly to all
the King's loyal subjects.
Then the appeal,must succeed if It  '
is to succeed at all, because the dependants are not residents of this province, _, the result would be the_. same  -
At fho___.*nrA_'b'mnn ln_in__ _..._> _-      _. 1 ■*■**■_
.—t-H«^-irv. ".uiuu—-uiijui-cu—■n'tt.u "-"ujLimBeji—
a • resident British subject, and has
dependants living in Alberta. " 7A
The act was passed for the benefit
of the person Injured. See the' title
of- the Act.     Salmon vs. Buncombe
II A.C., at 634. Tho compensation
Is to him for injuries to him received
when in the corse of his employment. "
The employer is liable as soon as
the accident happens and tho dopen- ,
dants' claim created but for which the
purposes of this act only comes, not
whore death results from the injuries. "
The rights of the dependants aro
Identified with the rights or thb Injured  mnn,      If he lives thoy hnvo
hone.     The monoy Is payable to him
with compensation; if he dies, a statuo
is glvon to thom irroBpectlvo of nny
will or testimony.     If those who aro
ln fact' dependent upon him, whothor
legally or otherwise nro not compon
stnted will not his oRtnto suffer?   Thp
compensation which   hn   wns earning
or hnn enrncd by hin Injurl-un Jma vanished.     It  seems to me I hit If wo
rot-awl ih'.** compenuntlon on 1111 nssot
0' tho li Ji 1 od  mnn. wo  oscnpo Hip*
0.*irn ii-i-itorlnl argument   n«   Pcrlln-
ii.eii' bar Jn effect taken "ho ndminls*
',< <tlnn of that pnrt   of   tin* liituro.l
man's estnto out of tho hands of Uio
executors or ndmlnlBtrntors nnd kIv-?u
It to n now tribune to which It hns
given  paternal authority.     I nm of
tho opinion thnt Mr Justlco Clement
hns rond tho net In the wny It was Intondod  to bo  rond.  nnd  hnvlng regard to tho fnct thnt our JmjlBlnuro
must bo aware Ihnt a large number
of British subjectn nn woll ns nlloim
work In the mine*, I Tool that be hnn
not unduly strained tho net In holding
pendnnt n status   to   domnnd    thnt
which   tho workman  If alive  would
glvo them.
Vlctorln, II. C April 28. 1911.
ccnrrnl rhei
' DcafncM Cannot Be Cured
_* tfx*»l ir-r-MmtbiA.. il (*«,■ mnntt r.*rti ,h* tit*.
uwt IMIwn ol th* nt.  limn ta Mir *** **? 1*
KrtMt^y.WJ^J'!^**'/**•>■* «■• •■«■■*.  WO'-'EN  TO VOTE  IN    CELAND
Ht:$.E_S?^^ !'T7^-™f"<f<!' «i*rt« t,r
WiT,,***lta',-l'» mmm* mrtirr*       '"rrf t'-** informtitlnn »h*»f tht* I.V. .n-ffi'
_.   'I'. -Am Hl\* ii____, !,_..______■____ f _-___.___. _,___. _.___ ______ __» . f       l-(U I ('
He paid thnt tho government had cm
burked upon tho ,gr<»ntcst legislative
experiment ever Introduced In any Ie*
I'-.Mini*.a n---.K--mY.ly In the world.   The .-—,.—  „	
* bill was r<««rl for the first tlm* amid'1'0 t,A ,h,> ^kM"*""-'* Intention; or
rli-wrs. ('•> I***1 •* :" *-ii«»tli»*-v *»y. Hint Dio vw
'frnl won'.* mod in tho Act relied uponj
turn's Intontlon; or to put It in nn
other wny, thnt the gotloral word,i used
In lho Act nulled u|wn as Including
foreign dfpr ndants b»yond that ..sen-
tl.-l U. :■   x\:\x\\V..xl\ iibm tmub\ ;,t»i-.-.tT
ni. ,riiT^.™n"t'"n i" "** mm**n* imrfin«»
T>fifi,... _H __^ W"*"* **»«»« tm mr**»*t
L» i_a _ «£__ in *»to"*1 ,!l»» *•*«* »• *
nn inrludhs tottdnn d*\t?odent*  nwtx
bo .nn-Jtrui'-il  ity  rrferenc->  tu  i*.liatj
the l-r-cl _qtnr<>  may  fairly  nnl  rt-a-l
pafit-uiit-nt ha* p»i»m-i1 a
[tilt-   iil-tl*    Of   RUfflUKQ   Ilo
bill -giving
all viomi-'.i
Ukatuna**a*3rriiutataia^*uta, lm^:(i ! -**■*•' •♦•■'hfil ihr* asa of 25.
uotitdi), ht- iiJiikidi-rt-d 10 haif I ._■( in,
xim\.w.'*l\'iini f
A* -H-airi-.! thli view of the Staiut*!
ihoro W tin* ont* based mum Un- ne-j
tion th\i Dw Mt haW« ©iit to .   .-v
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
tn in^	
in perfected form, the best typewriter ideas by
wbiSmsoevrr ndvnrsccd.
For our latest manifestation of this policy, inspect the
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and 11, which
embody every desirable feature cxtant-PLUS an Adding
aiidSitblrtKlingMcdiamsm wliich constitutes an innovation.
The voice that cried in the wilderness 30 years ago:
i_-^.. «youcannot a|fur<j lo WJ,jtc .ntj.e
old way;" now acclaims with equal
conviction: "You cannot afford to
calculate in thc old way."
RemIii{{(oiiT>p-wrlto Company
Qatatpetetei, *
818 Pender Street
Vaecoover, B. O. ."v5?';-.
,-i  -.- -T- '-<=«%
•_■"- "•"*"...-
. \ . '-.r=       _ "\ -J
v-_-^   •
_ -*-  -    -»-.-,-..•-',.     --t,'W  .-**V-**- ---. **•,*.-■ =5-,«-.*• •
:_ „■-:-- >,-    ,-, '--'-V. •*-  ~ _•; •„-ry -V-Ih.,'-:
* '--'V    .. * ' * i*-_-. - ** *- ~*, - *> i*.^*'
L.' I?"**-?-V-
*: **'-*", "!*>,*»
_ -*-- -**■<
^7;:. _,
i-v... '•:: ii v' <•- -.
.., :*  .  a
■ '■ ~  ■_,',:<_■■ .'
7 "-7 7^
*, *- i V
,-,'-' --.*■*-   , '
AROUND TOWN     - - :
Peter,McLean wasi-in town over4Sunday "visiting tier sister,*.Mrs. Gidding.
' Are-.you, still on' the-water ,wagon?
,. Yes! '.' (Speak, the'truth and speak'it
- (n)ever, etc., . etc!)  j..    .,.7.7 7
, ' McDevitt aiid Herbert,   real ..estate
- dealers of Winnipeg,- were in Jowh last
week doing business. •     ,
: When placing your order for Shingling and Lathing go to R.* Wright, West
■ Ferait: Prices' moderate.' *' - 38-4t-dh
-"•■- Fred Dick _s back in the city after
spending the winter in the' Boundary
country.. Mrs Dick and children join
him-shortly.  ..    _' .
•J, J.- and Mrs. Digby weer "up from
Brockett oyer the week-end.    Mr. Dlg-
- by, reports grand progress with, the
C. P. R. Bridge at McLeod. ,.    -.'
-Joseph Grafton was conducting, a
bunch of pilgrims - to tbe city of Burton, on Monday, who have been attacked with the "back to the land" germ.-
The estimate recently brought down
' in the federal house shows that this
province bas been let down very easy.
Fernie'a Armory is not even mentioned.
' The Ladies Aid of the Baptist church
will hold,a salo of aprons and fancy
wear on Tuesday afternoon next In the
Todd block. Refreshments will also
■ The Baptist young people will give
a social on Monday evening next .and
preparations are under way to have' an
unusually good time. A good "programme is being arranged.
. W. Baldry, of Covert and Baldr,yi
painters, has returned to the clty.-hav-
ing completed the painting ot the-new
J65.000 school at Ta,W, * Alta.;', ■' for
which they were, the successful tenderers. ', ,    •
J. W. Bennett,-HrEdgcombe Qnd !:■ F
Spalding are 'this week' attending
K. P. grand lodge at Kamloops. -- The
session opened   on  .Wednesday,■'con-
- eluding Thursday evening, with a grand
banquet.   (Oh. to be there!).*' *   ■
The Nelson Ne\vs of Wednesday announced the death of Charles Nelson
Bean, aged 3 years, son of Mr. and Mrs
John Bean of Fernie., uThe sympathy
of-their many friends and,acquaintances is extended them on,this sad occasion. ' • *: r'yy ■.■'■'•,
Mr. and Mrs. H. Carlisle-started Thurs-
' day "evening - via. C.P.R. for a. trip-to
the old country, where they*will visit
' for four months. Mrs.4 Carlisle's health
has been pobrof late, and. the trip is
with a view of'ultimate recovery.
6       ,  PROCLAMATION!    *   ";
day-of May,^ 1911, "as a 'public' holi-
more^ specific purpose 'of a ' general
clean-up of the City. ; Particulars of
which will be' published next week.
,. ,1 request that all loya. oltlzeris ob-
' serve the same. '.'".'; :
{ a. w/bleasdelL,
' Mayor.
To the Editor--District .Ledger,,Fernie.
-Dear, Sir.-rTho Rossland.viBoard pt
Trade, like: many, other outsider's, attempts to deal with' the labor situation'
,.",*■*. - **
here without understanding "the* facts.
Tho Board :,of Trade might accomplish
something" if, instead of, trying to in-
f%nce the, chairman,, of the Conciliation Board,-! it . directed ils , attention to freight--rates.*- The railways
do-not "seem ,to "pay'very much; for
their' coal and many question whether they are not getting their supply
at cost.' A little ".generosity, "on 'the
part of-."the "railway company towards
tho mine operators in the 'way of
paying hmore for the • coal,, and \o the
consumers in the way of charging
less for' freight""would relieve -the
situation all round. .' It, is amazing
people like the members of the Rossland Boai*d of. Trade step ln and criticize - a' situation which, they know
nothing at all-about. A'wise man
first;'gets his facts .and then, goes
ahead.. If. the.-,Rossland Board "o?
Trado would'just take a littlo, time
study matters as senlsble 'business
meri*'*ought\to,d6 they perhaps-would
indicate''to the public at large that
they - hav© some usefulness. • This
action on'the part of'this, board of
trade furnishes another strong reason why the public* should be informed of everything -.concerning the^piat-
ters in, dispute,','which can be done
only by having at all times" an'-open
Inquiry.' "'.'Secrecy ; begets ' suspicion,
hence' to 'treat this situation as' one
to-be hidden from* the public "is, to
invite further trbuble. . The compel:
ling fact'is that for a long' time' past
the conditiods and wages have been'
such that they'*do'inot admit .of.an
adequate'livelihood-,,to' the' men<-employed.' The case Is one where*they
thus, suffering^,are forced to seek a
remedy. ,-The men'are "riot"" slaves"
employed solely that people like, those
of Rossland may continue to enjoy
the comforts cf life."''' Whether the
Conciliation Board .haB power to 'prosecute an enquiry Jritb all the ramifications of the,.coal,mining industry
maybe questioned,* but if It has" hot
then' its sphere'' of ''usefulness'-' may
prove,.too, limited to cops with the
real situation. *"; It seems to me_ that
the case of freight rates .might 'well
engage the, attention of the Rossland
and other boards of trade; ask the
Railway ; Commissioners to probe
those rates. .--It might well happen
that more, than .30c.. a ton; would be
saved, to' the' smeit-ers bjr-;a, ■ Veadjiis't-
mehtof haulage charges., The'decis-
jon of.. a. Cohc_iLlatldn__jio_ard___is_J__-ial_
7-     . FOR. MiNEVOFIClALS*.,   "*
Held „at "Fernie .on. ,9,' 10,- aud-llth <
May, lgil'vv'f'r'v'i' •-- * .-   .■*"--•'"     -1
. - -    -'.* . t?*'\-t *  -- *        •' . ,i
-  Geo.*-Killock;* Coleman,-Alta. -    '.'; ,
.,,W,.AVatson-.'Coleman," Alta.,"'; .*'■*' v
- D.' A. Macaulay, Coleman,- Alta. ,.
: -VD. Davis,,(Colema.n, Alta.. "■* • -; .*    _"-
-Al W.Baxter, Coleman, Alta. •.,-• •'
J.\TJ Musgrove, Hosmer, B.-*'"C, ..'.
i *L., E. Drummond, Hosmer,' B.- C.
*L E Drummond,- Hosmer, B C"
'*^ymfWesnedg'e; Coal-Creek, B C   ,..
Nat Howells, Corbin, ,B. C.   "        .;
; A.'H.' Church,-Frank, Alta.-V ...'..' i\
Second class or Overmen:   '"J* ,   "-;■,
' A. ;W. Courtney,' Hosmer, B. C..7'-_
' J." H." Brownrlgg,-Hosmer, B. C.    .
- - Jas!'McLeod,- Michel, B. C.
.'. Thos. Mather, Michel B. C.   '  ,'
A,' G. Horrocks, Coal-Creek, B. C. -
R. J.' Brown, Fernie, B.C.*
S. Richards,' Corbin, B C.
Geo. Tuck. Corbin,-, B. C.
,  J. A. McDonald, Bellevue, Alta."'
Third class or fire boss.
*   Geo. LuxtmvCoal Creek, B. C.'
Jno. Luxtoh, Coal Creeek, B. C."
Alec Derbyshire, Michel, B. C.
° Mat'Littler.'-Mlchel, B. C.",-- ''
Robt. Littler, Michel, B. C.   .
John Littler, Michel," B. C,  ' -
-'Nor-Huby, Michel,. BC   \-7 ,    ',
• Wm'Whitehouse, .Michel, BC
Robt Doddson, Fernie, B. C. -
W. W.'. Clark3on.' Fernie, B. C.
Holis Camomile, Fernie, B. C.
Jno. Mackie, Fernie, B. C."..-  -      *
Jno. Duhmachle, Hosmer, B. C.
T. G. Fltzpatrlck," Hosmer,- B. C.''   -.
n Jor..Maltman,-Hosmer, B. C;--\" .' ■*
,  Joe Chambers, Corbin, B. C.   *
Nat,Evans; Corbin, B....-    ■*,   .
,'R!ich. Jones,' Corbin, B. C.    ■
Jno. Henney,'Coal.Creek, B.C.
Examiners: D. ,G. Wilson, Hosmer;
Evan Evans,' Robert Strachan, inspectors of Mines. '7       ,    " " ■
*_fT_fe_? *     - "      *    •"
c     -7-,*"_7    )  ir.DON'iT
With;all;thetboastings .of ";the."efficient; service! offered'" by_\t_e "Alberta
Gdverrimenl;'-.phohe',lihe"It'-seems pass;
ing--stranfee^that; it,should take, over
thi-e days to : get a* message through
from Fernie' to Coleman.\. .This is'th'e
experience ."of -Pres. Powell', of- District,
18j and on enquiring"at the-local'office
"of the'Kootehay'Line-Limited the information offered Twas ;'that..the Alberta line was out'of-commission'and had
been .for three days.f;;'--Truly an'effk
cieht-service1 this." -    -. '"- .■" '.v-*-'  ',
only when It satisfies'the immediate
parties to. 1Mb.Issue.-'" If- there is a
third or any other, factors at worli the
facts ought to. appear and a** remedy
applied ere there be a settlement. ,,.
. 'j   '        Yours faithfully,' *
-'   '.'     ' JUSTICE.'
FARMERS   UNITE    - .       . .
Working harmoniously with settlers
on the'Canadian «ide of the Kootenay
valey, farmers and large, land holders,
on the American side are -preparing
to-reclaim the whole Kootenay valley
from the annual overflow.
Charles G. Reeder, of Spokane, is
now preparing a petition to be signed
by settlers' for a'-huge reclamation
project which will involve the'expen-
diturevof thousands' of dollars.
Under the-plans, of Mr. .Reeder it'is
proposed tb open the' old- canal between the Columbia and Kootenay
rl.xers^ and thus lower the Kootenay
several, feet;Vi<-In*-addition,' engineers
Will prepare, plans fordykes and later-
nl /I ■_**.•_■_, ■!»-_ ft rr_r\ _r> n ***_ n 1 n n ■*** ___._'i-i t _f \\ c i ri ac _r\*f_
c_jl—-ui a,Lxxn_jX^—viuiiilii..—vyiJL—uyjbu.— -jiu^>}—\si.-
\he river.
,' After sounding- sentiment -, among
the farmers from'Bonners Ferry to
the head of thfe - valley, Mr. Reeder
declares a majority of the land.owners are in favor of the'prpposed project.'*'' .   . ,.-."..
The big millinery and fancy* wear
sale of-'Miss.Euler is sill going- on-
under the direction of Mr. 3. R. Squires
of tlie Evely Sales Co„of Ca'pary. •.   ;
Many'bargains are yet* offering, in
fact,"some of the biggest and best are
announced, for next week, as" a perusal
of the"half page ad ln this issue', will
show. . The entire stock must bO disposed of and prices1 are cut. to the lowest notch. " Every attention is given,
no matter' how large or small the -purchase may-be. If you wish to save
money here is an opportunity .'that seldom comes your way. '.'
CROW'S NEST FOOTBALL       7 ,   ,
Here it is
for 0
.■ ,F,6r .RENTr-Heijitzmaii .\<Paridrsj
Miners' JBlock; either, .whole or" part' ol
store.—A^ply,' ,b.''',Rees;-',--p. 0>361,'
'Fernie. B.-C* "' y"~'" :-.:,yJ- \'"-.- •>.:
*-*<-.- .-'*,
An experienced -Nurse-,will;-take in
"one or, two maternity cases' i'n;her- home.
:Apply,..next door.f-to. Ferniou Opera
House.;,-      iy   ,-' ;J^.,-C^i^^SM
.. '20 Acres of fine "Land ;at ?30j per*
acre, covered withitamarac and 'cedar.
Alsd^dne. half acre; lot,v$150'.: "Apply,
J. McLaughlanj "West! Fernio.;- 36-^t
.-MONEY TO. LOAN—M. A. Kastner
Fernie arid'district for the' Colonial
Investment Company, and-is prepared
to advance money on buslnesa blocks
at a reasonable" rate of interest.*
^TO RENT—Two New, newlyplaster-
two-robmed "Houses ;\wood shed and
w.c'. for each; good well close, by. Apply, Robt.,Wright, West Fernie. * 32-8t
♦-♦^ '♦ ♦:♦ ♦'♦ _> ♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦;♦ ♦:♦"♦ ♦■$ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,
• Limited
^S^lieStcwre df^Gbod^idues
t WANT_I>—A Resident Agent for the
Crown Fire Insurance Company of Toronto." Liberal commission to the man
who" produces the-business. .Apply
Maritime -Trust-Company, Ltd;, 223,
Hastings.Street,' E.; Vancouver, I?.:C,
General Agent for B.,C. "-* '     38-^St
,.To be .played on the .ground of, first
named. *,  ,   "    ,,    -v   ,--.-"-" ,; ,"
May 20-7Colenian v. Belle.yue.7
'-. " ,.,,'—Michel v. Frank.   , , . "
May 27—Michel'v. Coal'Creek •"'.
"    ;'—Coleman v.,Frank.   -"->   *
June 3—Bellevue v. Coleman.  •
'", "\^-Coal Creek >. Frank.
June"10r-7Cop,l Creek v. Bellevue.'..'
"V  TrFrank v.'Michel." ...    .' 7j
June IT-^Cdkl Creek .v.',Michel>"-   .'
■-'■■' —Frank v. Coleman.
June 24--Bellevue v. Frank.
.." -• ---rColeman v. Michel •"  ,
July 1—Bellevue v. ,Coal .Creek. ' . .
July 8—Coal Cfieek v. Coleman*.   ; ."-**
,;" —Michel.v, Bellevue.' . '".'
' July i5—Frank5.v. Bellevue. -," 7
" July 22*:-TFrahk v.' Coal Creek.  .'■' ;*-
*, , ".' r ^-.Michel v. Coleman.
.'. July,29—Coleman y.'Coal.,Creek'-."'
" "/; 7—BeTievue v.'Michel.   ' '   „
- • -'* ,'•**. Wt 'V..**1       •*-' '■   '    "
Whereas it has come to our notice
that certain members (?).of our Local
have taken the place'of other men,in
and around town, who struck work ih
- - • i -?• 't .•   ■. ,   ,    **
order to, remedy .certain grievances'.^
bers who participate in such despicable
practices that Jf .they continue to.doso
they.will.be expelled from the United
Mine Worker*?! prganzation. !
By orderKi.o. -,       .
■ ' Executive Committee,.
!      J    < ,,,. .■•.,!*.7*'   -. D. REES, Sec.
'^FOR _ SALE—Rhubarb Roots,; $1.50
per dozen, or $9 per 100. Cabbage
Plants, 50c.per 100.- Cauliflower, $1
per 100.;" At J.' McLaughlins/ West
Fernie.' * .   .- '. :   .--" ■   .*. -      36-4t'
WANTEI^-Live' man or woman for
work at home paying $2.00 or $3.00 per
day with - opportunity ' to advance.
Spare "time can. be -used. Work not
difficult and requires .no-- experience.
Winston,^ Limited, , Spadina Avenue,
Toronto."'-   .." '    -'"•''     '   *      36:4
This is your opportunity', to become
Independent.- Sarcee , Gardens, adjoining the ' beautiful' new city ■ park
now being secured by Calgary-from the
Government Is" ..the finest_Market
Garden proposition in -"Alberta"today.1
land has,been thoroughly tested, and
has. proven highly satisfactory.. The
prices on Market Garden produce are
high" and _the" occupation Is very profitable while* the "work is light. "'■'* '*-.
''s.You can.'get nb ^better'investment.
Work* yourself and get all' the-* profit.
..- In ton acre tracts, price is $lo0.(J0
■pGr'acre., Terms: Quarter cash, bal^
,ance. oyer, four years. ..„...._.,„ „ .,„*-,. ,,
/■ We _ave only 21' tracts* left7:!?-,Y6u'
", "Allow us to supply your table.wants'.'we^iguaran- -, ,■'
■...*"*■  *  -• ^ '- i'*.:- • , ,'■!  •*,"-. '    -i.'       .    *■•! ," "-.-*--       _ - •-    ■ -'»
•/-tee-the.highest-quality*!of food.products, and?' our
products, and our prices will very materially reduce (.-.
your cost of living;7-•'*"--    -•"''-''?''    ' ■"     ''    '.. '„
-   Your dollars have the biggest piirchasing power,"
liereat all times., .- Note" the special value .'off .red »-.'
below for Saturday.and Monday "and get.the benefit
_ of the saving. -.   7' ,'      ••"■"'■". ',■■".-.J"; '-'•'' '„'"
'*  w      '. '..'      ' .    ,   *        ''I..."   ' -'f    ,-  '     .   -v      .-        .  i
" ■- *■ .We believe in the' greatest good for the greatest.
', number* and further believe hi'delivering the "goods
'direct;'-''1   •   ■- ":-,'.'--y ■   \y •    7  - ,   ■ ',-,
' Best Japan-Rice,'5 lbs .*,........
- Hand-picked ^'White Beans, .5 lbs*
(8 lb^Sack' Soiled 'Oats,;eac_'. *.
■• t.
- 25o.
, 30o7
Royal Household Flour 100 lb. sack.. .$3.25
.Royal Houseoltl * Flour 50 lb. sack.. ** • ,-i ;65.
, Ogilvie's Glenbra Flour, 100, lb. sack . 7 3.15
. B. 0. Cane Sugar,'20 lb sack*.;. 7...i-i.;;;'$1.20 '
' B. C. Cane Sugar, .10' lb's'aclc"'... .\ .'.". ]'...*■ $6.00 •
Blue Label Tomato, Catsup, pints, each '.'•.."_:. K\$Oe.
Toasted Corn Flakes,'3* pkts-..,-. _.;.';./.,.,.*'/.. ,-25c.
Post Toasties^' 3'pkts;.,...';:.*.'..."..\'..:.'.*': i'25c.
should"'DO IT NOW. ---.-' *; _. ,*
'' -Ask'. us about' City property,, poultry raising- farms .in,all parts*of the
province and business openings. ,'We'
have.them.    j, J   ,_"* v   .
'Wrltd,,,LAVENDER;,'  CURTIS , &
HORNER CO.,. Calgary, Alta..   (35 .<i
• Pure Leaf Lard 3-lb tins' *.., v...;..''.. \. 52c. -.
j Pure Leai/Lard,-5 lb; tins'!.. I...-. '■*■- 85c.
Pixce Leaf Lard, 10 lb tins ........ $1; 70 7
' [, - Strictly Fresh Ranch' Eggs, perjlozen *.
Corn-Starch (.cooking), per pkt.'.Jr..'. V.
Laundry Starch, J pkts'iorji*.'."".'".. .;'■:■
- "Fine? Ontario "Potatoes, ^per; sack '. '.*-;.
,  Choice Ontario- Creamery Butter, per lb
• ■'■. Table- Syrup, 2 lb. tins:XJJ:-^y. .-7.. ;•.;
* - Table Symp, 5.1b.*. tins .-*_..........: .<
/"Blue Ribbon Ceylon.Tea,'.per;lb.y.-.'...>
■ ,-, Toilet Paper, Oval and Flat; 5'pkts for."
■'Globe Improved Wash Boards, each'...
_-' ■   ."\yi_itff"Spnn' T.nnwilt-**- fennrt**'.. fn_n*ng fl have" v'* ■ 9f>n" -J^- Ss ■
-   '-      - _       ■•".   r:~'v- ■'•'*■''■' r.\.~Aj..-!l„.Z,-J%r.. ,"-''" ^    *      '.' ' • -*•-
. -' Fancy- Limoncria1 Lemons,; per doz. .;.-; *.-."; .7 :.*, '555cv' -:*',
.    Quaker Oarined.Beans,.'5,tin!J,,.; «....',«__,'!'. v ..... 55o'..,,
'  • Quaker, Canned,Com, 5atins'_.."..".: .V.. _.)'".. ■ 55c.   . -
Sherriff's Tme Fruit Jelly pQwders; *-f pkts;'!; 25c.
■•,   7c*
.:   25c.
.$1.85, ;
-..   30c.
\. '10c.
.'7.' . 25c.
,;'.    22c.
<_  :
""<► i
♦ _> ♦ ♦;♦ _> ♦ ♦ <. ♦ ♦ ^ -♦ ♦ ♦ *■*&& **.+*+"
:1 •
You need no inspired creations from great millinery artists;, any
woman can produce a Chapaau—stylish and vastly becoming—by,
buying one of-theso SHAPES,     *.   .   ' "' ."   •   •     .
Regular prices from $2 to $', going at''    50c.
Regular Spring styles; regular.prices $2.50, $5, now ......:..   $1.50
Trimmed Hiitsond Travellers'.Samples, regular -$14;to .$18 ..   $7.50
Don't be Disappointed if
You get left by not coming
Soon Enough
What Woman Would Not Like Ono of These?
Jap Silk and Silk Net lined IHousch : ,
Illack Not Silk Lined--handsome, regular $5.50 $3.75
Croam Silk Net; rogular $1.50    $3,25
White Net Polka Dot; regular $5 ;    $3.25
All-tuck Net Superb, fnnoy; regular $7    $5.00
Foulynrd Silks, China SilkH, from $2,00 up.
Exceptionally lnrgo rnngo of Liuviih ..'!    $1,00
Whito I)re«H0H, all Htylen nnd mnkcH, regulnr $7, $8, nnd $10;
now    $4.50 to $7.60
Things to Wear for
Women Who Care
Come and look around-gct your share
Down for Last Time
Wogiv'o tho values at 76o.
Soil tho Fancy Stock' at what it will
Girls' Tookcs worth 75c., two for    35o,
Everything in tho Flower aud Foliage
lino 50 per cent off.
Tho 5c and 10c Bunks for, your inspection. ,. '   .
Neck Frills nnd Chiffons, 6 for 25o.
Hosiery—Every thing!' regular ,40c   26c
„Hoadgenr for youngsters; worth $125c,
Straw Hats, Caps and Bonnets 26o,
Girls' white laco Tarns; regular $2,25
Hand-Mo-Downs, at whnt you'll givo.
Tho Miscellaneous sell nt what it will
Sell the stock at any old price
Out wo'vo got to got., whilo you' got out of paying regular prices.
.Exquisitely beautiful Nightgowns;.worth double, nil going from 76o. to $1.05
.50 nnd (iO Cont Veiling, now nt.,........,,     20o and 30o,
Notions below cost—Velvet nnd Silk Ribbons Sncrificed               ;  ,    -
Kid Gloves, popular .unices, regular lino $1.50 to $2,50, now ' 08o,
Where $1 does the work of $2
....Mim L. EULER is well known tonll Fernio us ,an industrious Bu'rvivor
of good times, and now hIio is selling hor stock at prices within tho reach of
nil, so thnt thono who hnvo nlwnys beon her customers may reap tho harvest
nnd tho gnin. Do not juinn this snlo of hors up forlit "monns $ $ to you. No
f nUes or shnms—but Al, goods nt exceptionally low prices—BUY QUICK I*—*
Who are the Wise Ones—Work your cash
To ovory purchaser of $5.00 and $10.00 worth of goods on Monday a
iinoful and valuable artiolo will be prosontod. Nothing cheap,, mind you,
but Rometblnmr of real vnluo,    Who'll b« first?
A FEW FURS ONLY—St oles, Tin-owes, etc., regular up to $28
' wonderful valuo,,now,.., [,'i'.'.;'....";' .'    $6.00
Potticdnts of Mossnlane "and Taffeta Silk—Factory Prices, ri
Voilo and Panama SkirtB,-choicely,tailored, regular $8 to $15,
now"    $5 to $10
Children's Beautiful Cashmere Coats, regular $3.50, now ....   $2.00
Ladies' and-Children's Lawn Dresses, ranging from $1.00 to,$7.50 * ,
Madeira Corset Covcrs,Pricos Out in Two ■
June Brides' and Commencement Costumes
Ch6ico Groy Worsted, silk-lined,' tailored in East, suitable for
any Juno Bride or Commencement Continue; regular $50, now $30.00
Suitq of All-Wool Choviots, Worsteds, Serges, from ,.   $8.00 to $15.00
„Bliick and Brown Silk, rubber-lined Waterproofs; regular $18.50.,
HOW     ftttllttft      I  I  M  I  I  M   M  M  H  M  I   I I  M  I      fl-.ll*tll|t|ttft| yX_l | UU
Exeoptionnl value Waterproofs j regulnr $15.50, now ,, ,   $6.25
Costumes—Individunl*— Coats short and long,   from $4.60 up $10.00.
Silk Underskirts, Black and Brown; regulnr $0.50 to $7,00,,,,   $4,60
V       ll •_4_   ***' *M   *•*+ a** m W        Warn*   mf   4*0*     ^**a f*+ M*   j-*.     __-*
Dressy People
Women who want Smart, Stylish, Up-to-date Street Clothes will find
Miss Euler is Losing   So  Much   Money
The Evely Sales Co. in Charge
_..;•■"■_■_  j*?_-_«.___«_.j. __^.__._,__■■_._______ a


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