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The District Ledger Mar 18, 1911

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Array a/
Industrial Unity "i;
#.&'
-i-.ath
^'^"^'i
The Official" Organ of District No. 18,-U. M. W. of A.
fl
Political Unity is! Victory
.-""W..
-   ,   .^ J«n& 00-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH .18, 1911.
$1.00 A YEAR. ,
NEGOTIATIONS TO BE RESUMED ON.
MONDAY-MASS   MEETING   TO-DAY
'^ThB:CMF.C©d C®o. to/Grift
0   9
__a
The Brains of the
City ifi Conclave
\      - — "
Macarroni Factory Peo file Want
". i- i v' *.     ■ ' .,■
to Know Where They are Get-
0 ting ofi oh the Power
There was a special meeting of the*
City Council on Wednesday night last,
when the. report of the Works- and
Property Commute was received on
the reports and recommendations ,ot
the Superintendents of the Water
works and Electric Light Departments,
■'Tho question' of electric light extensions was referred back to the committee for their furtheV consideration,
and no action was taken with" regard
to lhe report of' the Waterworks Sup-
■. erintendent. -
A further hearing was' given to Mr.
Marlnaro with regard to the charge
mado by'the city in connection with
his power consumption. The Council
are evidently of the opinion that Mr.
Marlnaro is laboring under a misapprehension with regard to his understanding with the old Council, and
were unable to comply with his re-
queBt that, the charges for such power
.'should be made on the basis outlined
by liira. However, they have allowed
Mr. Marinaro the opportunity of again
airing his protest, and "electric light
as applied to'-maccaroni" wj.1 again be
the subject of debate at the next meeting. -.■ *   ,* ■*•   ■■ : :    .    •
. PICK .SPARKS   AND. EXPLOSIONS
OH!   LAY-EE-OH!   OH    LAY-EE-EE!
-A party of four Alpinists consisting
of Rob Alexander, Bert Pearson, Bert
Bramley and E. J. 'Dicker left Fernie
on Thursday morning about 7.30 and
made the ascent of, Turtle Mountain to
Its apex, haying been,over five hours
on, tho journey, with a noon rest of
45 minutes. > Beacon fires were lighted and left burning, but were not visible from town. , The trail is a most
deceptive one so far as travelling is
concerned, in some places one can
glide over with ease, while ire others
the snow is so soft that one sinks
up to tlie knees; therefore, would urge
that all mountain climbers who intend
to make the ascent should do so before it becomes practically impossible.
Bramley took a number of photos as
.that was all to "take a shot at.
DISTRICT   OFFICERS   BUSY
During, tho past week the District
Officers have visited all tho Locals
in the district affected under the Western Coal Oporators' Association and
thoroughly explained the position of
the Scale Committee at the recent
Calgary conforence regarding the negotiations looking to a new agreement
when the existing on© 'expires on the
31st Inst. ' '. *-. _    ,
The action of the Scale Committee
has been, unanimously endorsed at
every camp.... There is *no mistaking
the fact that the officers have and will
continue to have the undivided sup-f
port of the men ln the stand they have
taken,on the question at issue.
President Powell, Sec! Carter, Int.
Board Member T. W. Russell, attended
meetings in Fernie, Hosmer, Michel
and Corbin, comprising Sub-District
No.' 1.
Vice-President Stubbs and District
Board Member Jones visited Coleman,
Hillcrest,'' Frank, Blairmore, Lille,
Bellevue, Passburg and Burmis, comprising sub-district No.- 2.
Int. Board Member Garner and District Board Member McNab were at
the locals in the Lethbridge District,,
Sub-District No. 3.
Garner and Board Member
visited Bankhead and Canmore,
constitutes Sub-District No. 4.
Lees
which
PRESIDENT FEHAN
V    EXPELLED BY UNION
Head,of Pittsburg  Miners Said to be
Mixed up,in Graft Deal
One'of the frequent-subjects discussed among miners'is. the'question of
explosions being caused by sparks,
from a pick iri places where gas exists'
and the following. io "reproduced' as
argument against the ^possibility.. ._■• 7,
MINERS' PICKS AND EXPLOSIONS
(To the Editor of The. Science' and
Art   of  Mining) ', ,'
Sir,—In answer to tbe question raised by R.N., in No. 12, Vol. 21, i. e„
"Haa an explosion beon known to
rosult through the sparks caused hy
a blow with a mlner'a pick on Iron
pyrites while mining coal?"
Thoro waB an enquiry upon this subject ft few years ago, aud various experiments wero made to discover
"whether the sparks caused by a blow
with a miners' pick on any hard sub-
Btance woro capablo of Igniting flro-
1 damp.
Tho picks usod woro mado of differ-
" ent kinds of motnl, amongst thom being ono mado of bronze. The sparks
cauood, wero in onch case projected
Into nn explosive mixture of flro-uamp
nnd itlr; but not onco did thoy causo
nn oxploslon.
„Tho conclusion' nrrlvod at, fit' tho
termination of tho oxporlmonts, was:
"That in no cnao Is tho spark caused
by a blow with a.minors' pick capable nf IruUIiir flro-dnmp."
I Bhould llko to add that, for my
own part, I' havo neither hoard nor
rend of nnythlnA. thnt throws a doubt
upon this conclusion,
Yours, etc.,
JAMES HEATH.
CHRIST   CHURCH   LADIES'   GUILD
Tlio romilnr Lonton Tea will he hold
nl lho rc-Hldc'iirp nf Miss O. I. Alox-
andnr on WodiiPRilny, March 22nd.
Everybody wolcomo.
TO ENLARGE
CITY SCHOOL
Increased Attendance at
Central School-To
Snenri $45,000
PITTSBURG.*—President      Francis
Feehanvof District No. .5, "United Mine
_3Vori_ersjQ*_Americ^a,iwasJastJV-eelc.ex«-
pelled from thei organization by the unanimous vote of the convention.
Thero were 118 delegate, representing 95'local organizations present.
Alleged graft, was at the bottom of
the*trouble in the Pittsburg district,
and nn investigation and audit has
been ordered In the accounts, especial-'
ly thos.0 of the Irwin field strike benefits. :
John Nelson, one of tbe striking
coal miners of the Irwin field said
thero*nre persons ln the district receiving $2,50 per woek that are not
entitlod to anything from the union,
ne thoy are not members. Ho also
said that there are persons In Greensburg that are now ablo to start In
busInoBS from tho money they '•-ave
received from,this source. ■ *•'■
In speaking of the actions of President Feehan, Nelson said that as soon
as Imml grants'left tho boats nt Now
York thoy were Instructed to voto for
Foohnn,*
A resolution was passod lo appoint a
commltteo of six to nudlt the books of
No. 3 district, which cbmprlsos tho Irwin Flold, Columbus national Conen-
tlon JmvlrtR brought out tho assertion
tha-", thoro wni n lnrgo shortage In Ko.
5 district,   •
It turns out that tho dispatch som
broadcast by tho Associated Press to
tho offoct thnt a mass meeting nt Mc-
Adoo, Pn„ hnd denounced tho nctlon
of tho Unitod Mlno Workers In com-
pollln*** John Mitchell to resign from
tho Civic Fodorntlon didn't toll tho
wholo ntory. Tho mass mooting was
e'nglnoorod by omployors and dominated by non-unionists, Not ono union
minor wiih permitted to sponk. Throo
olorgymon, two Inwyorn nnd nn officeholder did tho sponklng. On tho other
hnnd, It, la nnnnunced that ovory lorn*.
ln rnnliior Crcclt Vnllcy, tho strongest
orgnnlzed Roetlon of tho nnlhraclto
roglnn, endorsed thn action of tho Col-
timbiiB convention ns did locnls In other pnrt of tho dlBtrlct.
CARDS OF THANK8
Thn moniboi'H of llio Iinpoiinl Volor*
ni\R' AsRoelnllon iloNlro to thank nil
who luwlHtctl nt. tho funornl of thoir
Inlo roinrndo, 11, II, Wilkinson, nnd or-
poclnlly (ho hnnd of (ho Snlvntlon
Army who bo kindly nnd frooly ron*
dorod tliolr services,
FRENCH CAPITAL FOR
ALBERTA COAL LAND
A special meeting of lho school
bonrd wa« bold in iho city «ff|c«s Frldny night. Miss Ilrntit tendered her
rnntp.nntlon, to tnko offoct nt Enttfnr,
ji „.„., ,v.n. ; .r.,'._ ,..,*; ,.,*,:,';,*i.',;.v
of lho rato|inyor«, (o cnlargo Iho Central glihool to ft Alxt-n-'-n roomed build-
in.., Four moro rooms nro roqulred
nlrondy nnd it In oxpeeted tlmt additional (ict'ommmlatIon will bo iiccoh-
snry nftcr Iho Bummer holiday. Thn
City rvwnrtl will bo nnltod tn ntihmlt
io llio ritlcpn*. orn, rt by-law (o rnlao
hy (lfbf*n(urn« ?ir..nf.o for biilMlmr nnd
«--i,ilp|.ItiK I he cnl-trped nfhool,
The twitter rtf cxlcndinK iho school
•ll-lvlct l.fi(ini1::r*!(-« wiX] 1»e llu<**_h(*(|
out nt (he iicvt t'i'KUIitr mootlm. nnd
ri|.|*llr-fUlnr. will lie mndo to iho Counlrl
of PuW.e* !fl_iiMj(Uon for tht! houndar-
Ion wnntod.
Thn Montnml flfnr snyH:   "A French
company,    which Ih Intended to do-
I vM....   timi    flnr,...!'    nl.ifn*.    .■. ,X    l,-,*.,ir,*
, .     "   ........      .-,.-	
(rlnl ■prnpoBltlonH In Cnnndn, lift* \xoon
orcnnlred In 1'nrlB undor tho nnmo of
j Compaicnlo Francalso d'Ktutlos nu Ca*
Bftdn. . l.
.-     COMMUNICATED
'' "   Michel,** B. C,
To the Editor of the District. Ledger—
. Dear Sir,—To give you * and your
readers nn outline of the cause of dissension betwen the mineworkers and
the Crow's Nest - Pass Coal Co. at
Michel. •* .
In the first place, we are called
upon (per agreement) to-appoint a
Grievance Committee _ to. inquire . into
any grievances which the men or man
may- have; irtuclrWseTles^W.Tlie"
committee's, attention it is then placed
before the local superintendent, together with the pit and fire boss, whose
jurisdiction tho complaint may arise
under. , ... *
Now, sir, as right thinking men,- we
receive'the report.from our grievance
committee, nnd what Is the result,
thoy are treated.with,-the most,downright form of contempt and Ignored by
the above officials.
Our latest grievance, 'which I am
sure'every right thinking reader'will
sympathise with, is as follows: ' On
No. 5 side there are three sets of fan
engines nnd fans. -One mnn Is allotted tho task of looking nfter these three
Now, our contention Is that there
should bo one ninn to ench fan, so thnt
tho lives of tho mineworkers In each
mine would bo placed on a safor basis
thnn formerly. * On former occasions
tho man who looked nftor those fans,
when ho had oiled and seen one fan
alright, ho had to leave that fan house
and proceed to tho socond, which Is
quito a distance, and go through the
samo procoBH, Then ho 'proceeds
quito another dlstnnco to tho third fan
nnd bo on throughout his 12 hour
shift.
' Onr contention Is thnt during the
tlmo ho is going thoso rounds, ono of
thoso fnns nttnehod to tho most gns-
oous mines mny brenk down, without
tho knowledge of this or any othor
mnn. with tho result that Iho llvos
of sovornl hundred men nro plncod In
Immodlnto dnngor through-tho speedy
nccumulntlon of gas,
Now, sir, I qnolo as nonr ns jiob-
slblo tho finding nnd monnhiR of Iho
Bollovuo Inquiry nnd thnt wns: "Tho
mlnorfi Ingotlu-r with tho coal operators woro to blamo for not looklog
nftor tliolr own Intorosts rognrding to
tho proper vontilation of a gnBcoiiH
mlno.
Wo wont our commit I co to tlio locnl
superintendent with a vlow lo IuivIiik
ono mnn plncod on onch fnn onglno.
hul iho Kiiporlnlondont told tho commlttoo Hint tho mon ((ho rninorfl) were
very unreasonable In (heir domntulB,
Aflorwnrdn tho loonl Rovenimcmt Inspector honrd of tlio grlovanco, nnd
tho Biiporlntondont promlnod to plnco
(wo men on to look nftor Hm throo
fnns, Wo still doom thin quite Inmtf-
fleloiit, nnd for onr pnllry llfn'K naiw
(In (hn oyoH of tlin mnntoni. Wo
domnnd whnt Is- Junt nnd right, to-
Bother wllh (ho duo conslderntion of
bur grlovnncos nnd decent trcntnmnt,
of our committees.
I bog to romnin,
One of the Aggrieved  Miners
MM .1" n     r>
...I....,,    *..    *m.
CLARE A
DIVIDEND
Annual Report Best in
the History of.tfie
Company*
TORONTO, March 11— Ellas Rogers presided at the annual meeting
of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. A
dividend of one per cent;, the third
since last August; was" passed.
■ The president stated that'when an-
alyized. the report was the best; in
the history of the' company with an
inspiring outlook.
The company's payroll last year aggregated, nearly ?2,500,000 expended in'
wages Tho profit iir the year was
$354,950.28
The board of directors was elected
as follows. Blias Rogers, president';
E. C. Whitney, vice'-president. H. ,M.
Givern, hon president; Dr. Howland,
J. G. Graves, \V. H. Robinson and Col,
Clough., - ">   ,
.  ; ^ , •*
PROFESSIONAL   ME|*-J,   RETIRED
ARMY   OFFICERS.   AND   OTHERS
WILL MAKE  THEIR  HOMES  AT
"BAYNES...    ,
MONTREAL, March 14.—As the
result ot the lecturing and information
spreading campaign ih England under
the-ausplces-of-thc-Grand—Trunk-Riiil"-
way and-White Star Dominion Line
steamships, party arrived ln Montreal
this morning by the White Star Dominion Line steamer Canada destined
to Baynes Lnke. -The party consists
of 'retired ifillftaVy officers, professional" men and university graduates with
their wives and,families,.all being In
charge-of Mr. J, A. Tormey. On arrival at-Baynes Lake It is intended
that tho party who aro the first of
several, and are bringing out capital to
the amount of about $200,000, will pur-
■chase specially selected fruit farms:*
"MANAGING MILDRED."
This company playod a one-night
stand in thc (Jrand Theatre Friday last
to n comfortably, filled 'house. Thoso
who failed to nttond missed a treat
both musical (vocal nnd'Instrumontnl)
nnd histrionic. We cnn say that tho
nudlonco was fairly enraptured If the
volumo of applause and tho number
of recalls bo nn Indication. Tho contralto was especially good, rich, clear,
mellow ' tones void of tho slightest
tlngo of affectation; tho soprano,
though lacking in body, nevertheless
wns sweot nnd plonalng, in fnct all tho
artistes possoss that nunllflcntlon so
rnroly found, of purity of pronouncla-
tion and clarity of diction.
Wo hopo that tho next (Imo thov
visit Fornio that ovory lovor of good
music mid high clnsn noting will mnko
It n point (o nttond, ns thoy nro most
worthy of patronngo,
«. 7        AROUND TOWN
Hazelwood Ice Cream nt the Palm.
Grand opening of tho Roller Rink
Saturday afternoon. Dou't forget the
dato.
Hazelwood Ice Cream at the Palui.
Mtb, E. Tood's mllliuary opening was
an unqualified -success in every respect.
N. E, Suddaby was a passenger on
Monday's eastbound for Moose.Jaw to
visit his brother,
• The . Roller Rink opens Saturday
afternoon. Skates new, Music delicious, Floor perfect.
A. A. Glllesplo, an old-time Fernielte,
is registered at the King Edward
Hotel from the City of Churches-
Brooklyn, N. Y.,
A. J.' Tupper, and Helene Brunner,
both of Hosmer, were united in holy
Matrimony on Tuesday afternoon at
3 p.m., by the Rev. J. F. Dimmick.
The Rev. Wilson, of Hosmer, will
preach in Knox Presbyterian Church
morning and evening, Sunday, March
19th.   Sunday school at 12. 15 p.m.
Everybody in Coal Creek is sporting
the green to' day, and the program of
artistes at the entertainment is sufficient to guarantee a real good time.
From present indications the entertainment at Bruce's Hall, ,under the
auspices of the"' Knights of Columbus,
in celebrating St. Patrick's Day will be
one of the greatest successes of the
season.
Sec J. D.'Quail's window and note'
the model of the Hunnable Sash Lock
Window Fastener. This useful household accessory* is the invention of a
Fernie'citizen and should command a
ready sale. .    , ',"
Nelson, of Ingram's, Cigar Store,
with his* bodyguard "Boy" intends to
fake~a^coTiple of~week1s'Tvacation"
around Blairmore, Alta. It is hoped
that both may return from their trip
greatly benefitted.
..Xrthus Sampson, formerly Provincial'Chief Constable in this district,
but now officiating in-a similar cap-
acty in Vancouver, was in town this'
week and will retiirn to the city by
the sea accompanied by his family,
there to take'up their residence.
The Fernie Dancing Assembly held
their usual meeting' bn Wednesday
evening last, and although the attendance1 wns; not quito so large as previous successes undoubtedly called for,
somewhero lh the neighborhood of 30
couples took the floor and spent an
evening that was enjoyable and excellent in every respect. The spocial
feature of tho evening was th "Moonlight .Dance," and although wo cannot
claim an Intimate acquaintance with
this, particular phase of tho Hgho fantastic, wo can quito Imagine ihat, tho
graceful movements of the dancers undor tho mystic influence of a psoudo
Cynthia would present a most attractive spoctnclo.
Does Not See Eye to
* ' * ' o
Eye in Recent Step
Should Have Stayed on as Chairman of Civic Federation and
Vindicate Position
Bridgeport, Ohio,
March 10th, 1911:
Editor, Fernio Ledger.
, The recent International Convention of*the United Mine Workers' of
America amended its constitution so
that any nfember of the United Mine
Workers who joined or held membership In the'National Civic Federation
could not continue to hold membership
In tho United Mine Workers organization.
Was there anything remarkable
about this action of the Miners' Convention? Is it possible that the United Mine Workers representatives have
no right in a constitutional convention
to decide who shall and who shall not
bu members of the organization? Was
the action of the recent convention
a new departure? Let us examine
the record of International Conventions' and constitutions.
It is well known that the Inter-
fialionnl Convention amended the con-
Mltution so thnt mire .inrnpgers :\\v\
top bosses could-not be members of
tlio United Mine Workers of America.
Later the constitution was amended
to debar saloon keepers and those
selling intoxicating liquors, arid* still
at a later convention, another amendment was offered and adopted to pro-
stay with the Civic Federation and
6eek a vindication by fighting It out
and proving tbat his work, as Chairman of the Trade Agreement Department of the National Civic Federation '
did any real effective work to establish trade agreements between em- *
ployer and employe, or assisted in
promoting those agreements that now
exist, His resignation is the best
proof that he has no confidence.in his
own ability to make his work effective.
He knew that he did not succeed and
he realizes that he could not succeed
(probably through no fault of his)
in promoting trade agreements.' Rather than stay with the Civic Federation
as chairman of the-Trade Agreement
and prove his own failure, he accept-*
ed the alternative und quit the Civic
Federation.
The organized mine workers of the
country are to be congratulated that
Ihey forced the issue and clearly es-'
f?blished tho dividing line "ns to who
shal and wlio shall not be members of
the United'.Mine Workers of America.
Trade agreements or wage contracts
should be negotiated with the employer in the open and*direct between the
representatives of the employers and
employes. Third, parties" who .seem
or pretend to have some peculiar in-
fluence over the captains of industry
Iflblt operators', l^mraissibners from
holding membership. Then the- recent contention amended the constitution io that members of the Nay
tional,Civic Federation could not hold
llaveHJeerT'tlie 'medium by7vWch~"the
mine workers of the country have lost
many advantages that they had gained
ori the Industrial battlefield.
It is' well known that employers of
membership in the United Mlno Worfo! l»bor do. not willingly surrender to
ers organization.* .   -Mho demands of'the laboring people,
. There wasno protest from the mlno ■ T»e wage earners-must first be organ-
managers or top bosses against thei**-e|J nn? theii must understand what
action of the International Convention, j <»c>' are entitled to for their, labor.
Neither was there any complaint from ' In addition -■ to   understanding what
tho saloon keepers or operators' com
mlssloners, when tho miners' convention decided that they could no longer
hold members).Ip in tho organization,
although several of the operators' com-
mlss'onnrs have been International
prosldents and district officers of the
United Mlno Workers ct America
It was tho action of the International Convontlon to debar mnnibors
of tho National Civic Federation from
continuing membership In the United
Mine Workers that cnuscd tho. hew'
from a newly Initiated membr-p, dir,.
grttntled politicians and Inactive (lis
trict officers. Tbo fnilnro of iho howl
of thoso fow Individual, to produco
rightly belongs to us we must be ln
n position to Intelligently present our
claims, prove*our statements and then
insist upon our rights being respected.
Tho Civic Federation has been organized ton years nn«I it would bo Interesting to know what, and whero n
wage contrnct wns nctually eBlafc-
Hshed, put Into forco and reflpocted
by employers nnd employe / through
tho influonco of tho National CMe
Federation. We nre genernlly Judg-,
ed not by what wo Intond to do but
by what wo havo actually accomplished, Tlilfi applies with equal forco fo
overy clnss, kind and chnrncter ot
men,, nnd for tho samo renson appllon
EXPRESSION   OF   GRATITUDE
Jos Uuchnnnn wlshos to thnnk tho
O. C, Lnnd A. A„ tho Mich* Orchos-
tra. nnd, In fnct, nil nnd ovoryono who
helped lo mnko the concert hold for
his benrfft such n success,
BELLEVUE
.EJPL08ION
FUND
RELIEF
DIED
Mnrch l.th,—Isabella Bain, Infnnl
dnughtor of Mr. nnd Mra. /ns. Ilnlii. of
llowlniid Avonuo, agod four months.
Intpn'cd'oii Thursday morning, March
10th.     Hov   D. Thomson officiating.
nnv offoct on Iho lovnl union nilno <» overy form of socloty or orgnnlza*
workers waR (llRiippolnHnglo th'o howl tion, whothor they ho political, roll*
o"tt.     Thn  collapse  of  thoir  effortn! k!o«h. frnternnl, Industrial or civic In
In produco n HPiisntlon bi*fo*\-> 'tlif* ut
tempt hnd ranched tho propoi'tli.-i of
n respect nblo protest  enns.-jd  n com-
thoir chnrnntor.
Tho National Civic Federation nnd
Ils londors mny hnvo tho vory host of
of
Amount   provloiiHly   ncknow*
lodgpil   $307(1, IS
A  Mullor, pnr flrorgo Nicol,
Frnnlf    ■. r.O.CO
Tom McDonnell, pnr fl. Nicol fi.W
H, J. WalKon, per (leorgo N'lcol 10.Oi)
A*, J. IIIiiIb, por Georgo N'lcol R.00
Crow'H Nost   Tinrdwnro,  Co,
por flporgo N'lcol, Frnnk.. 10,nn
W. A. Mnrtln. per (loo, Nicol 5.00
A. W. Lung, por Goo. Nicol 10.00
J. IT. Farmer, xnrnnd donation
por Cloorge Nicol. Frnnk .. 10.00
Ji\ Di-'mruiHtloz, por (). Nicol 2.00
C, V. O'llnro. per (icorgo Nicol n.OO
nnnkhoml I/ocal and private
Riihn
8TANLF.Y CUP GAMES
Tuesday, Mnrch Hth--Oltnwa 7,
Gnlt 4. Thursday, Mnrch 1C—Ottawa
13, Port. Arthur •!,
No moro Stanley Cup Rimios will
bo playod ihl_i urcnHnn. Pile historic
mug I'oiimliilng with the Ot.ii.viiM' who
hnvo Iuul nn ox.'*np'loni_l|y good year.
DACK FROM THE KANGAROO
COUNTRY
Wo hnvo JiihI ruci-lvcd word Hint
.InmoH DoiirIiih Iiiih icncln.'d (.'nlgary
from Australia, and lu cninpllnnro wllh
i(.(|UOHt, wo convoy his best wIhIioh to
nil nud Hiindry frlcmlH.
plo'o (-hango of froni in' : hn p*>r* of I Inlonllons with reference to tho In-
tho supporters of tho CI-/-0 Federation.' <l«»trlnl Blluntlon In this country, but
John Mltcholl, chnlrman of tho If wo nrn to Judge It by whnt It hns
Trade Agror-menl Dopnr.niiv.H nt Dw . nrconipllshod In effect lug or porfociliiff
Nnllonnl Civic F(*:l'-**ni!'.-ii, suddenly j trndo agreementR hi»l«i»ftri MiiplnvprR
rof'irncd. TIiIk net of H i.-lf win-, mil nnd omployos wo aro Inclined to bt-
noknowlodgmcnt    Hint   tho   nctlon ofi Hnvo there Ih nothing upon which to
the Mlnorn' Intoi-nnllonnl Convontlon
wns right. If John Mli_mll hniiently
believed he wus rli.'ht In hin poiltlrm
with (lie Civic Fr-ileviillnn. (he ■*■■",.. »
thing for liliii to hnvo done wmh'io
build tho foundnllon of even a hopo
Of   llH   HUCOOHH.
YourK vory trulv,
T. L. l.F.U'n.
1'ioh. U, M, W. of A.
FUNERAL   OF   FRED   SHAW
CELEBRATES THE 17th
KOOTENAY CENTRAL
W<lini*.ui    *•>>   ■*-*■*■»»
Tho Cnnndlnn Pnclflc Tlnllwny last
wook lot Uio contrnct for four hun*
drcd milos of gritdln*. work oil branch
linos In tho West. MeuHrn. .Mneil-yv
noli nnd Co., of Caltrnry. Altn., will
bulM Dw Knotonny Cottrt\, ninnlni;
Bouth from (loldon forty mllon.     Mr,
■Wikiih yinrdnnnidi It n unit nt thn 1\t*A
ot Antrim. Hlfi firm Ib f-cmsinir-tlnj?
Xbo rill^nolon of the K nnd N" ifnllwny
from ParkuvHlc- to Altom], on Vancou-
vor Mimd.
McsirB Foley. \VVlch nnd Stewart
uilll liuil.! tno bnrnthca ni'n.ln;; o*it ol
Su-lfc (■■"urr-.-.tif. £T_-.:k. d&bly u-. lo*..
It Is hul n uliort tlmo ngo wlirni Donn
Hurt prenched a sermon, In which hn
titfitniMtx, tlie lnbor movt-nicnt of the
city of Don vor, ou tho giu-uidx that
(ho mcinborBhlp of en. rilzod lnbor nr-
<,*»._,(,-■_*,.   t.  X-.tit.itiir-i   ',,*,',Vi-wr   _..u.   ,1   Lnt\:,.i
meeting, a protest. (n.nln»t the kcii-j
toncc» Imposed on slxloc*n cord mlnerH
for nlloccd violation of nn Injunction
ItJBUoil by Judgo Whitford. This pica-
chrr recognized (ho fnr( thnt bin condemnation of *u _i n pnnidc and mm*-",
nicntlug ivouM nx-ont with llio ftppi*'V.nl
of the ronl bnrori*-* of ("olorndo, mid
nihor I'tirfinrntlna of lho tin to -nvinM
juiy n lilbutf to llie (leilcnl liyj-onlic
who panders to toniblnntlnnn wlion.-*
(•(■ifc-jii Law* unii* ot Dw "flUhj* Inrr_ *
thai ,Iiiil*.n u<-r«'pt«-il when ho MimniH*
(cd (rcnodii di' CbrliX
iin nn
Voinl rccoipia up ro Mur li'» Vio.'i.U]
I)!nbiir«'.cm'C»(fl   V'.i'.'d.<i'i:
Ilnlnnco    ,, JIS71.1**!
H1IP1*   TCIITM/T7
Sec Ucllef Fund.
The N'lipniien Hotel Ih to-dny I Friday) ('(-lubnilliiK two (-vcniH, evldenco
of onn whvoh proudly In llm bronzo
In tho Blmpo of Hnrp or Ireland fin...
......   t_.<   ,m,l ,   tl,   ,,,,1  lill.lt,,     ,.„tt,ititH  II*  ,
Dw hn«\o\rj which tn v.'dl furnlvhed '
tlirniif.linu'. nnd eqiilppeil In up-iodntn]
stylo, i
On fiiiiidny limt the funornl of Fred t
Shaw, who wiih killed ut ("onl Creek, j
look plnee, I'rlor lo tho nrrlvnl of
the body ul tlm I5iipilnt ('litiivh. the
edlfleu wiih crowded with frlendH und
I'l'ltitiv.'.' of llu* uiil'iirdiiiule lud xvhtt
wiih lilted nnd i*c«i"'e(iM| bv nil who
knew him, nnd their iiliniiilnuco in llm
ellUITll   KIIVO   IIKHn   llllt    |)(IH|I|V(I   evi-j
(buice of thnl. fnct. j
After I'ii.iloi TlKiini-oii Imd pii'.-iili-i
id n iiKist InipieHHUc sennon In which :
ho npoko of the youili In tlm lilf.licc I
t-jTiiiH of eoninmndnlInn, find a Hpeclnl j
hoiik Hci'Vlcc of faiiillliir lisiniiH Iuul I
boon suiiK, the iu'occhhIoii, which wiih.
lho lui'KCHt K''cn for Knnn! lline pir*t,l
(WlHlii'tliK? of hlK ('(iw()i'l((.|M from (he I
ninn'**,, iliiH-s uiiiK'K irom um funnily
."(!./'.■}, .'j.', • .';.'■... J* ■ } '• ■* ! a '■'•, :■■"■
cecded lo the (■'•metery. where H.
HeoH. neernlnry of (lladi-loim    Locnl,
BOPE ROUTE
FOR KELLY
Prisoner Decides to End
His Earthly G:reer--
Deliberate Suicide
I. C. 8. DISPLAY
tf;iAi.Iv.u(__-l fvu Cit.un n*. tlm P.iU.,
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS
Leilern («t»nt In to thN offlr.tt will
not be published unlets the full
name of the corretpondent bi nlvrn,
not neett*»ri(y for publieati&n, but
ai an tvldenee ef good faith. Use
any (ien name you tee fit, but
alwayi give name with addrei*.
Tclg rule muit be adhered to In
eve./ JrHlan*".*..
| rend tlm beiiu"nu rervice of llm di*:i.l
Int lho Riiivosldo, i
  j      One   of   till*   liod-soitli-.-   felltll|-*f>-»   r.f
;*.l   '■ 111> pIlM-ul   llllll'  MU'Ii'  is  iiTI  (.K"|||||i  Mul   evelll   WNK  till'  Iiolill'  HJill'lt   01'
hlbltloii In tho storo nnxtto tho (Irnnd . tlm tlpplo boyH, who cnthelv of tb.'Ir
Opera IIoiiho nf (ho work In tho vnr-jmiti inltlnllve nubm rlbed (heir mlto
Ions BiibJcrtR by I. (J. R. HtiulentH. Tlm | nnd pim-lwincd « niosi lovely wn-ntli
mlilcK nre covered with Hpcdmetih nf inn nn offeriiiK to tin- nmniory of their
rorrrcrod nnnword, pnperH, drnwliurn, ■ dind comnide.
etc, nil tlm woik of Iocnl atmlciilH.    j    Tlio   fiit'eml    iii'r?H'.i.cini*ni»    weie
Tl.*.*, iliAi>l.iy  *«lll "o(_  '.,'., (.. •-(•.'iiii-.'. i h|iW-in_MI>   < ,u t i'-<'i  '.ni, .'!»i  tin* "iiii
to mini)* who hnvo tn-v-r-r noi-h wh.it|i*nUHO for complain* wn« tlm Iikiiimii-
can ho nocompllrsl-cd hy Iiui"
mi.lei .Srr.'iinoir* inliloii. iui.l
i. lOinmrnd ovoryone    Inlne
Ici ' l.ii.'l] Ci'lK/iMon  lo |i,*i)   .1   V
., i  for ilmmsolvf-s.
i',.tttlv.ood lot. C're.-iju nt 11
,',t'*l .';   , I'lil i    L ,..!.._ ,'.   lu   il.
■lOIIHlV     ("(I'll   i'fl'L-t,    til- 1,<     < ■
1     111   nfoitt    III   ioii«ei|"'-l
it .iod   Ham rciuiiiHO'   ■<>
nfnit-.ni' -•    Ii,*il     t
uotiM  unit   lm- ■!.«-
I'uliii. I atieiiiliiiri  iln-  f'Hii
4.1-il,   ii«_i£i \\,,- . t-itii'ti-r -.
,       -', ,,.*    l. .III.*,'    1 Mill. !
:,i|i> llu il lo ii'liii ,i j
c   nf  the   rtiot lul ■
■i.ti- (! «< ):n (  (lmt
*".i   (-hen   that   i(
; , i.Hit-   -,. ! n    A i-i l*
.il    In    (ll.l'C    lloAil
I    I'm Kelly, nn iiiniiito for uomo tlmo
l |.:i>,l iu tlie Cily llnMtlle, who im** lienn
, i.-iln*.' hdiiii'Wl.'iti (|tn*i'ily of Into, but
I'.'l   clioilKil   III   iTellle   nnv   purlll'tll.lt'
uiixlelv, on Wcdui'Mlny I'k'lr I'omnilt*
led  Hilleble  In-  p'o-'-iliL-   I'il' ludl   mi   IiIh
UllK I.II..IW   (I.Ill   l|i|OU"ll   i-uMii.   MUHii*!.'
of wire pi'ojectitii: from tlm wnll nml
then evidently plnred bin li'ik In tho
nnofie choked .ilmii'lf io ileiuli, '. .m
di i ciiHi'i) wnsi i-i'ini' t'i * a-" -, 'if t":"
ii'iit n unlive of Cnrk, Ireland,
The fimcrnl will tnk«» phice »l   I"
Olliil Vi,    H,l) lifl.,1,1,    .llllll    llll'    llllll.  I • .i'i  -
ItiK pntlorH of TlinniMin nnd .MonUon
~     OOXING
! i'.'f ).i Mi 1'iol.itiii. *.' .• < "• <-'.i»
> )■• |o..i', ■*■■ i nr llio; >i. (' . ' ''' ,i :\i t
re|ioit» I,.»l tl*'- heil i.f ;i l'( r«i.ml no
Tin- (wn Mill |iroli.ilil> tiif.'t iifinln foi
2j loundi., __    i
PAGE TWO
THE.,DISTRICT LEDGER, FERWIE, B. C, MARCH 18, 1911.
''AT IT HERE SI11CE 1900V
rSavelourJIonef,,
*&mmtxict flow!
^3 want evnyoncloftnow
■Apt we are paying -*-
c—42*Itt_creailr^
peramium cre_\_c5 mthlf'
on. savings deposits ($1°-
& upward) subject'ToWttli-
drawal V cheq>ue & ->
on lime Deposits of*
Sifinonilio & over. *
We invest money for clients
in first mortgages Soo a
general Rhancialksincss.
* We warfl^ur savings accnt
.& ifpu are not saving  .
s-yatcmaticaflY", *-•*■ -*- -*•-
.ommence NOW Witli US.
Deposits "b^- mail ^^^ *
■+-■+-(- easily" tiari9te_ —
^oucanscn'o hy Draff,
..Post Office + 6^pre.s
•Order ov Rc^ereST*^
}"' fopttcr.s withdrawals
"can be ma5e
h_nfc^A"«jP
k A AAA-Aft Aft ft ft AAAA Aft^itftAAftftftftftftJ
Expert Evidence on Bellevue Explosion
^******M.l(.***Jf.** ***tf*tf***Ji
f.******Jf***JfJM.** *****J*****Jf.]fifJf.1(.Ai-
ll      "    -,
By James Ashworth, IM.E.
Wear
-auf wv- "^ou wish.
feme Responsible',
Refer To^-p ■+ * ■*■
Ciuna, Brads.reefe,
or to anyone ia -*•
-'VMGOUVeR-:
Writer about it Way
Do it now !!!!!
— -_ — ___v
pV&ivcoviver B.G.^
,   James  Ashworth  sworn.
Questioned by Mr   Campbell:
Q. Mr*. Ashworth, you are at present living in Fernie?
A.   Yes;  my address 'is Fernie.
Q. And you have been connected.
I believe, with mining matters for a
considerable time?
A,   Yes;   a long time.
Q. "May I "suggest Uie number of
years?    ' ,;
A.   Oh, 35 years.
Q. And you are a member of the
Institute of'Mining Engineers of Great
Iiritain? ■' *
A. No, I am not a member ut the
present time. I am* a .member of
llm. South Wales Instituic. I have
been a member of that institute.
Q. And you can speak as a man of
■knowledge, of authority, on the subjects  of  mining?
A.    I think so.
Q. And* you have written about
them, as a matter of fact?
A,   Very often.
Q. Now, Mr, Ashworth, I understand that you Were one of the gentlemen who came down, to Dellevue
on the night of this unfortunate accident at Bellevue?
A.   I was.
Q. And on that occasion you went
into the mine during the rescue work
there? . '
A.   I was.
Q. And ■ was - there for some considerable time'., And that you also at
a subsequent period, as has been given
in evidence, went inlo the mine for the
purpose of making an inspection, along
with Mr. Stirling and several other
gentlemen?
A.   Yes.
Q. And you were also present at
.the larft week of this inquest, and
heard the evidence?
A.   I was.
Q.You were not able to get here earlier on account of, the delay in the
train service, and have this afternoon had the salient' points of the
other evidence given to you?
A.   I have.
Q. In the presence of all counsels
including myself?
A.   Yes.
Q. I am not going to ask you questions whicli I do not. understand, but I
would ask you to kindly tell the j\iry
.what you saw and what happened qn
(ho night you got there; and also
wliat you saw in yoiir inspection, and
what deductions you formed then.and
from what you have heard iii this inquest.
A. Yes." Well, I would just like
to have my plan (Mr. Ashworth produced the plan referred to.) . Shall
I be. in order if*I refer to the first
ilig'nslpr ViPi-p.'? *    v	
It Iscstiimitcdthnt
the (ivcrnco mnn is
worth s» a ilny from
(lie nock itiiwn ~\vluu
Is lie worth fiom tlio
I...H. iifi/'
Thnt (.cpenflo. entirely upon training.
If you nro train*.**.! ko
Hint ynu plnn runt
direct work you nro
woitli ten times im
much ns tlio mnn
who enn wor): only
umlur orders,
The tnlf*. imllonnl
Coiiospandenco Schools
t.o to tl.ii ninn who Is
KiriiBirllnir nloni. on
hid ull pay nml sny to
lilm, ''Wo will trnln
you for promotion
rij.lit wlwui you nre,
or we will ijunllfy
you to tn lm up ix .,,
rnoro cnni.i'iiinl lino "tjj
of worlt nl n mudi iv
hinlnM' snlnry." t&J
l'.vi'i*y month •,.• y
.•nil hundi ed mu-
di'iitH vol ii li t mily
ii'port mlvmic'..ni-iit
ah thu illirct ll'Mlll
of I, (J.S. triilnlmr.
Yoti iii:t.-'1 nol l.'.ivu
your pri'KiTit woili,
or vour own horn...
Murli this uiu*,uu at
oiico and tnnllit.
and the direction in which the loose
material must have been blown, in
fact, the amount, of sludge must have
been very, very great, as the props
and the ends of the motors and cars
wore coated with about 2 inches of
mud. While that indicated, of course,
that there had been a force developed
at'somo point about number 71 chute,
it. confirmed practically the opinion
that had been given to us by the elec--
trlcians on tho surface. Well, then
we went up number 82 chute for
sonfo distance'to-where the first party
hnd already been, and where tliey
thought there might be some signs of
fire. When we got * there the coal
was siill warm; 1 could not say'very
I warm, as it was much cooler after
standing for 12 hours since it had
boon previously inspected, ' On the
way back, one of the party, ot* two
of the party went up what was, I
think numbor, 71 chute, and found
thut the roof had caved there very,
very heavily, and at this point, on
tho previous Friday—Friday or Sal-
ui-day, Saturday, I think—(lure had
leen a mis-shot, and we wc..-" interest-
oo know whet Iter this sho'. Ii.nl been
e-ploded by thi fab of roof. How-
i ■ or. no trace 'vi-* to he seen of tlm
suet, fiul the .v,•■•.*>■*■> place,, van t-.iw.il
in and no examination could be made
or any conclusion arrived at as to
whether the shot had gone off or had
nol. Tlie main point was that the
roof had caved very, very heavily,
and it was quite certain that irrespective of the shot the fall of roof
was quite sufficient to create the
whole of the damage that we found
in the levels, that is, in the gangway.
Mr. Mackie: "Pardon me, Mr.
Ashworth, I did not. quite catch your
last sentence: '
'Mr. Ashworth: I said that it was
"quite sufficient to create the Whole
of the damage we found iti the levels.,
tliat is, iu the gangway.", I did not
make any further examination of tiie
mine during my one visit, al*. that lime.
The principal point that I >vas asked
to come over here about was tin question whether or not tho mine was on
fire, and the decision was that the
mine was not on fire, and so far as
that went my duties were at an end.
That accounts, probably, foi- .someone asking for my report while I did
not make one, or at any rale, what I
with which to take, a sample of the
dust, and I. am sorry since * that I
had, riot, but it was a very., remarkable thing to find wet dust all over
the motor, with this particular patch
of dry dust in' the middle. I did
not see anything at all to explain it
at that time, but if you will bear the
fact in.mind it,will probably explain
itself later on., Well, 1 do not think
I need to go jnto the matter of the
exploration, or anything of that sort,
except to* say that thedamnge caused
inbye was practically • as you have
heard it explained. The number .of
chutes blown and the damage done on
the road agrees entirely, I think, with
what I saw.
On Tuesday l'ollowing I visited the
mine again,' with Mr. Coulthard, Mr.
Stirling and Mr. Heathcolo; also Mr,
Anderson and   Mr.  Stockett.
Mr.  Campbell: ' Mr,   Powell, you
mean, sir, not "Mr. Coulthnrd.     Mr.
Cotiithard was not back' then.
Mr. Ashworth: Yes;. Mr. Powell,
of course. On that occasion we niade
a visit right away to the far end of
the gangway, and then, coming ■ back
again, we went up 7S chute nil-uncross
to; I think 76, and up above the chute
we found a very heavy cave—-a very
heavy cave of rock. While the others
were examining the roof above' the
rock, I look some samples of the dust
lying around, particularly off a prop
in 76 chute. ' Now that prop wns coated with residuary matter, dust right
away down, principally, of course, high
up. There was'- a lot of dust lying
about, and I took, samples of that
dust also,* From there we came out-'
sido,' along the. gangway, and came
back to chute 53. We. went up 53
chute, .and Mr. Stirling, Mr. Powell,
and Mr: -went up some placo
(I think it was 52-'chute) where tho
ladder had been blown out, and where
you hnd to go up a rope. ,1 did not
feel equal to the monkey climb, .so
I stayed at the bottom. However,
they brought down with them a sample
of the dust they had found al the corner of the crosspitch adjoining thc
chute where the men were .found with
the burnt hands. "Of_ cotirss., I did
tint tnke 'Hint .--.ample "myself; biit 1
took a sample' ryf n pro]) in i.;; chuto
in the monkey ppngway whicn wn..
jiiobably much in the same condition
j ,is the prop in 76 and was'also coated,
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
I $m ^S^tsold on the
!!;Mcei!_Bfctri&$ Mepitsof
'I'-'ii?'
■&RM0UT1ULS. J-3
August 6-1J1
P'-iKlM-mo c.csicHAra.—-.*J
■JJff
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
«^_
WHY   DROP   MONEY?
Through buying, your wines .and liquors  at  retail, when  by  ordering
from'"us "you'get the lowest wholesale price,'
A   CASE, OF   OUR   LIQUORS
Will cost you about half as • much
per bottle as if you bought it' in
the ordinary way. Order a case,
i make the saving, and get better
liquors besides.
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Bath*
The  King Edward
Fernie's   Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The.. Finest Hotel in East Kootenay J. L.   GATES, Prop.
*■**!■
&hk of Canada
'     , HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO       ,-
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed   $5,575,000
Capital   Paid   Up   .' $5,575,000       Reserve Fund 7 .; .$5,575,000
D. R. WILKIE, President   ,   , HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
,   BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.,
'  o .   SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.
.interest allowed on deposits at current,rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager,
" ■*•*•
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
Fernie,   B.  C.        ***
■ Q. You know' about the first disaster too, and of your own knowledge?
A.   Yes,
Q And you were down hero after
that?   '   '
A.     Yes.
Q.' Then I think it would bo in
order if you would start right from
that', and logically follow the matter
out,
A. Well, 1 think it would be, as it,
would load up to this matter. * On the
.''1st of October last I received a telephone message asking mo to go down
to T.ollovue ns quickly as possible, as
Ihey thought they had got, a firo In
(lie mine hero, und I cnmo down the
snmo evening, I went into llio mine
lho next day, tho 1st of November.
Tlefore going into the mine n pnrty of
us wont ovor (ho surface nnd examined the nutlet to Iho mine. AVe went,
lo what, I think thoy cnll numbor -15
chute, nlso to 81, nnd snw tho nmount
of debris thnl hnd 'hooii thrown out,
nnd wliat hnd been done to control
tho flro, supposing thore woro n fire.
Well, now, wo could scarcely slato
out. of which chuto tho greatest force
hnd been developod; a considerable
nmount of refuse had boon thrown out
of -in; nnd also on! of 8!. Wo lost-
cd iho nlr, tn soo If II contained any
oxploslvo  gnsos,  nnd  to mako  quito
did make was made verbally. 11 principally nt the fop pari of it. with
went back back home again, and' did j a kind of dust.' Now, the chief point
mit expect to hear any more of Hollo-1 in finding, oiit what happened in the
vue, in that respect nt least.    , Well,! mine is to' take the evidence as collect-
time went on, until the 9th of December. I was at Michel at- _he° time,
amongst  other  people  I   was   roused
ed in that, way,,and ascertain as far ns
possible whether there was any heat
produced.      Now, on the main _gan;_-
up thore to join the party., coining | way--the amount of water and dirt
down here with the Draeger appara- i and sludge taken up* by iIk. force of
tus. I think wo have got it on re-'the air* coming outward.'dlscoiutt-?!!
cord tliat the Draegar party did arrive j any  chance  of  finding any  trace  of
liere, alsolireTfiilcmiey arrived", aiuOire-tliere, and^TTiav'e listened very,
tho dine''they went into the mine, j vory carefully-to the whole evidence
After the Draegai-oparly had gone in i! right through to see if there was any
joined-;'Mr. Heathcote and  went into ■ trace of fire found on any part of the
the mine; nlso Mr. Fraser.and Mr.
Wilson, of Hosmer. On the way in
we found the main separation doors
were entirely undamaged, and I think
a mnn wns in charge of the doors at
Uie timo. AVo went further Into the
mine until, I think, we came to number fi'l chute, and between thc doors
and the chuto we found .much Jhe
snmo Indications that we hail found on
Ihe first occasion, The' amount' of
debris wns nbout .the same, an.d the
effects sonornlly'wero nbout the same;
stoppings blown out, and so forth, I
nni afraid I will have ,lo go, back a
little jilt, to concludo tho accident on
the ,-ilRt of October, So ns not to
spend more tlmo ln mnklng ■* moro
precise exnmlnntion In tho mino, il,
wns docldod thnt Mr, lihnmorson, tho
late suporlnlondfiiit, would take de-
lulls ol' whnt ho found nnd the dam-
nge dono, nnd T linden-stand Mr. Era-
niorson hus gone away nnd hns not
loft nny record of tho notes ho mnde,
so wo woro iii somo dlfmdvnntnge ovor
Ihnl. Hut nmoiiRHt olhor things ho
nonl, mo two sninploH of dust that ho
Iuul collected In the mine, one from
tlio Inside or number 82 chuto, and tlio
olhor from the fitli erossplloh, I think
ure nn to tho Iciiiipernfure, and also | on  r,fi elude., lt Is a point which  I
♦ INTIIHNAIIONAL CDlllll.SI'OMIIIMCI! tK'IKIOI.S
; llm ;*i*i, Srr.iiitun, I'n,
4 Hrn.a   (*v|,liln,   ivl'l,<iiit   liilllirr   nl-hfiM-m   ( tt  ir,-,*
. |,,iil, li,,n I i ,111 i|tlillfl lot fl 1,, I ,'.*r *. ,1 I r v in,,I
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,*>.li.inr-rii,. nt   |u  Uic   |„>ilii-,li   Til,,,,]
liiin It   I   li'lu*   ill..fI,f j   X.
M WiU.f
I *-l.|,,| WrlUl
Wind,,* 1 ,i'r»,'i>.i
Civil t,.r.l   . *.._„
ll,,._l„<"l,l [„i ,,,
Mf. ii I I ■ ,   ,
M.M,., ,. _l I,,,I,,
I ilrti„ii, 'I**, „ > ,i
I ii„t>it._, 11, ,„ _■
f.lt. IM_,.,i
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Ar_h>U',l
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(tfCMIl-i-.'lii'Ji! On
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fli
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• Slirr/ iiiiil ,V.)	
• * —	
t Citi         .-.St.ii' .
**..** ••■«♦♦*♦»»**».,*,.»_,,,,«
ns to thn stale Cf Iho nlr, A\ro in
curd Mr, l*.mnioi'HOii lo a ropo, nnd
lowered liiin down n chuto, ho thnl
if he IiihI IiIh footing or anything wo
could pull hlm buck ngnln, Ho found
tho nlr .nllo clonr**of elllior explosive or nny,olhor kiihoh, and tlio torn-
pnrnMii'o of tlio- mlno wiih normnl,
ihoiiKh T dnn'l cxiiclly romnmlirr whnt.
iho loiiipdi'iUuro was.
think hns boon roforrod lo qnlto ro*
(•(•nl.ly--r think you have got that
poinl, Mr, Mncklo?—-tho point whom
Iho fifth oroHsplteh ci*ohhoh BO. eliuto,
It Ik rnihor nn Important pnln I. ,ns
Inter on it will bo referred to ngnln.
liotli of Uioho Kiimplos thnl woro tnkon
hi* Mr, HiiiinoRi'on wero cnllod coke
ilni.i Kn ", lo pv;..i) ino thin di"*-', w*.
put II. under the inloroHcopo! no nuit-
CATHOLICS   AND   SOCIALISM
of Ihr* ('nth-
vi i V iir.i.cy the toy pli-o:
llr Soelnllst Socloly in llio (.o-oporn-
(Ivo Mull. Oil. cow, ut whloh tin* ohnlr-
iiiiui, (.'uiiiii-llliii* .lohn Wheat Icy, imld
llinl. Iiifoi-iiiiitlon had boon iwlvoil
that  llio ViiUrfui  nuiliurilioK hnd  in-
(Mr,  ("null hnrd;    II,  wnn  iironiwl ■ lor Iiow.hiiiuII lho part Idon, It Is vory
■10 dogrooH.) j I'liwy   in  hoo  undor  lho  uileriiHonpo,
Yon;  koji.hwIioi'o iihoiil. .10,     I im- j whether     It     Ih     cokod     or     not,
iloi'Hlniiil llinl wnn Iho uoriiinl toinporn-j Of ooiirso, ovorybody known Iho fool
nil'i*.      Well, frinn llioro wo lilod  *1T> ] of uslins, bill you cannot toll lho um-
chute     Thai wiih brnilteod nvor, but \ mint,' of coltln*. 'from  tho f.'Ol  of It,
i Micro wnn u iciiiill b".D: nn-l w; wero i nnd  undor lho inloi'OKt.oiio ihnl  dust
j nblo'to Hitiell llio nlr nml ice if thon-• hIiowciI very, vory Hllnlit vuklim, nml
7','nr any inioo of flro 'll-orc, nnd we  we hud in .Indue thfil ■ nm _nnt nf hont
■'•miiii- In lho I'MiirliiKlnii ilml thoro wilt*, (lint dilid hnd boon oxjinned lo hy the
J no fin* In. iho nilno al all. Krnin tii'-n* ninoiini of cnkiiiK found ufloiwiinlH. T
I \m>  oiiin«  Iiii»1%   in  whon.  ih-ro   Imd  just roi'or \u (hoso two lunnplon now,
! beon n cine In  ti.:!ii  tn tlm   iiii'lm .*,, beiuti,'.o I  will  lmvo In ict'or -tn tlio
j nnd mot iiniiii. oleoiiloliiiiH, who wivi!1 other (HK'H Hint worn iiil.cn laloi* on,
mu llioli' voriilnii nf whnl thoy m-tiiiilly ' mid ilieii ynu will bo nblo In onnuinro
jmiw  ul   the  tlmn  lho I'XjilOHlt-in  Imp- thoin,      The iiinln  fonturo,  howovor,!
pencil,      l-'roiii   lliolr   iloHorlpllrin   lho1 In  tlmi   thoy  woro  whnt   wo  cnll  e|n-|
niiiln   forco   on mo   mil   nf   ohnlo   SI,7lorn;  tlioy woro nnt ronl coko.    Now
nnd  followed u  forco run  nf   Ifi, nud . wo will go on nviilri tn tho oconiilon
Inter nn by ti bins! of whnt tlioy cnllod ' of Uio Mb nf Dooomhor.     I wont  In
Hiiioko  nnd  dust   nut.  nl   tho  cnvn-ln ' wllh Mr, Honlhooln iih I'lir iih fl*l olmlo,
closo  by   whloh   tlioy   woro  wnrMiiiJ.. j At ihul point thorn wiih a lnrgo qmin
l-l.,..    I, ... .,|Vr,-l   M,r,   ,,fr .of   nf   l|*l-.     . In .  ' 11. i.   nf*   ""ili.i-   il*imir,n,l   iv.
bodies, or any, trace of the fire in
that ga'ngway.-.and I do not know of a
single instance whore there has been
any trace of firo found in tho gangway
i formation given there did not seem
to be any accounting for it. He was
not.only smashed on the face, but all
around the neck' and shoulders, and
away down here (indicating the chest)
just as if he had had his-shirt .open,'
and was v'.ery red. I think it rather
puzzled the doctor, as to what was the
reason of thitt redness, and I think
he attributed it to- carbon monoxide
poisoning; but*of course a man smash-
e.l _C_ll_} .un c _l\r_ ,1 .____-#___ .-,.. _. ___*_! 
ii-nw-uv -„ uo—n«U—_IV'~ \jlU111UC-U_.—living"
to imbibe' carbon monoxide which
would give that coloring. Of course,
I may be wrong, but it appears to. me
that that man was at the bottom of
■15 chuto at Uie time the other four
or five men were up the chute bucking
coal down, and when the disaster oc-
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
FROM THE FOREST
■ «t
-To you, the lumber we sell is
carefully inspected. Every step
iu its preparation is closely
scrutinized, as "that when It
reaches you, there will be no
unsuspected '   .
BAD SPOTS *>\ .
All this care we insist, upon; for
we. want to sell you-more than
one bill of lumber. If-we can
satisfy you * on your first purchase we can oil the others.
OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHERSON   AVE., OPP. G.N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE
,    , r-r,      , _,-   ,   , ,        „. ,, i eurred, he was probably on the car
about 76 and 4a chutes anyhow*. AAe , \ ..„,,  ,',,,„,,,  n,„ ,.„„ /        *. ,,   .
_,        ,       , ,, .        and  received the full force right in
now, there has been evidence g ven   ■-,,„ fo„ -      .„,*,„„ ,,   ' ,      b
a   _, .,   a ,.      .       .    tno laco.     Assuming that ho was up
as to four men   hat were tounrt up ,„ [        ,       , £ a    s
In/'      wn?8volv   ;»,      "!l        ^L i tol Si™^ i]1 ""O-fnco,    ltd the VO 0-
ha    I   was   very  very  lisnppointed   c„     bf   u ,      •
hat I was not able, to see   hose bod- „        "      ^     , ,     , *-
J,?, LtlntT T emI ^''nulte sufflclont. to cause the coloring
had unfortui ale y    been removed be-, T1)on „; „■ ^
foro I camo back  nlo the m no,   One ;„,..„ c, „     ,    ,,    , ,        *T ...'
out, and also his fnco. Thon anothor
mnn was found under the heap of
e.onl;  ho wns described* ns peppered
various, brenknges. Ho did not look
to mo liko a man that had been poisoned by carbon monoxide, and judging
from tho evidence that has been given,
r, i"^;";,,:::.is !£■_.■_ ■ *««'.—. ^ ■*• ~ •*■..««*
well. Then anolhor mnn wns snid Ih bo
burnt: on  one side of his fnco only.
man, and must have beon cleaning tho
(IIIoh out -sonjowhoro In the neighborhood of ■!") chuto, somewhere closo
1 hose burns seem pocullnr nnd, hoy nro |b    „,,., „   t j    -      ,,   , ,   ,
nlso very Important, because It Is ovl-  wh,,t  ,„ ,]ltf B,^0 „    „        ,
den , from   ho nccQunt given of thoso! ,„„„ „,„     Qf co  .      , ^
2( aS Z^JZX ti!St i ----"t y-JSS-tK
of IhingH woro not singed, and If thoy
had been burnt jby gns Ihey would
hnvo been burnt;nil over, and not in
any pnrllculnr plnco. So I think on
Ihal, point alone, If on no olhor, there
Ih vory distinct evidence (lint there
wiih no fire (lump explosion whatever.
I have not, (ho lonst IiphHiiIIoi. In saying Ihero wiih no flro (lump explosion
only thing that would account for llio
Injuries to thoso Iwo men..
Well, now, al 7C, where Uie big
cave occurred. On tho socond occasion there wiih undoubtedly vory gront,
hcnl oronlod, and II it-i pnsHlblo thnl
moHl peoplo would think thnl a envo
of rock would bo In IIhoII' qullo miffl
clout lo cnuso heat, thnt Ih, npprocl
i,
C,H   r,(<
Ill tho nilno, thnl Is. n mixture nf flro!"1*10 ,,c,lU' l»"-tloulnrly In n»iiiiliinilly
dnmp and nlr. of eom-BO.     Now Uio' |,0,«* n,ll,°* •••*•■ T tl,ln1'* 1( •« cn™> '» »
next  thing Hint would  bo  aslicil, of | "o1- Sl*'' f'"11'1'"'!'!)? 	
oourso, In how do you nccount for iho | -Mi'- Cloiillliiinl: Oh, yos,
bent, Thero wnn hont, Iiooiiiihc the I Mr, Ah1iwoi*Ui: I Hhnll hnvo lo glvo
Hiimplo of diiHt Inkoii on thn provlouH! >'<-" »" IiihIiiik-o, I think, to onahlo
oociiHlnn thnl I roforrod to, nt lho top you lo follow up UiIh mullor r. lltlln
nf nil olnilo.-diowod priicllcnlly the hit. .■"■"ino yoni-H ngo, I ihlnk In 1001!,
hiiiiio HlgiiH of lioal thnl llio Hiimplr- ■ lliom wiih ii \ory Hlmllnr ucoldcni. oo-
of (IiihI tnlioii from tho onrnor of the | eurroii in n mlno cnllod Mount Kom-
fin li oi'dKKplioh nut of Till ill,I on lho; hin, In Now Soulh W'iiIoh, In which
Hocnnd occiihIiiii, lio ynu follow mo?! about 1,10 men woro klllod; nnd pro.
Tlio miiiiplo of iliml lukoii on llio fli'Hl I vlniiH lo Ilml llioro wiih nccldoiil In
nooiiHlnn wnr, from, fill nn lho fifth ■ In iho old country m n mine cnlloil
d'OHMpltcli, Tlio mon woro foil ml nn \ Dw Tiilli a' Dw UIU. I lind boon
lho fourth ernKuplioh, ho Unit tlin no- down tlilfi mine Hnmo yonrit boforo, nnd
cond Hiuiiplo Ik cninparoil wllh llm kiiim-jliiirt Boon llio mlno,, nud li hnd u very
pio InHon nn tho pilch nbovo. I foot   Illicit,     On  ono' pnrtleiiliir dny
Mr. Wood;    Did lho unennd sum-'lho mine w;m hIiiikIIii,*. Idlo; iwo mon
pio Hhnw thn kiiiiki (|iintilllv of lio'nl?! woro wnrklim In lho slinl't, and ono
Mr Asliworth: Yoh, Uio Hfinie effocl, j man wan allcndlng lo n pump In the
Mr, CiiiiipIjoU:     When yon H"v Up nilno,     A niiulilo wiih hoard, but no
first ncciiHloii, llio Jury imdorHlnnrt Hint I pnrllculnr nol loo wiih lalion    or    It,
you refer tu Uio prior oxploHlou;  Ih  Very Hhorlly nl'lorynnlH, lo nil iippeiii'
Fernie Opera House
ectyres
Vaudeville
A. Pizzocoio.  Mgr.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good* Board
Ross& MackayP____
Unit i'IkIiI?
Mr. A nil worth.   V(>h;  the oxploHlou
r,ii  (lw. "i ,1   , f (-1, i.i     .-        W. 11    '.;
anon llio mlno blow up,    fli-oiil force
camo out of tho HhnflH, and In ifnet.
unii oil tbriii nut  (•' tliolr wit-,    in ' conl. nnd nnt liclnu piirllciilnrly woll' Uiiho:  ihnt cno^ to iirnvo, of omirHn, I from nn ItMilllnii nf flro dnmp,     Th"
two men In tho Hhnft wero iiiifnrliin.
ntoly hilled, mul lho mnn In lho mlno
"Ino. When tliey not down to explore, I hoy found tho mlno Hpoedlly
filled with iiflor-dnnip, and It wns nn
ii'iKt, Uny inn oui, ...ul did nnl  n'opint. the Unie, I did not fool .Inclined to) Hint tho niiirmiil of .iont.-*wn« prnctlc-
, llll ihoy Kdi in liolh-vuc*.     Thnl wait ,*__(> thiou«h thl.t water wltlioiii. It ho. ally ihu kiuiio on both  ooonHlniiH,   I
Dit- iiiformntion rIvhi i.s to the fir-.** ncccs-iary. Vr, I.a.if-r nnd Mr. Wll- llilnli I Mfiiod that no tar ns tlio men
dl.siisli-r. .Induing from what wo had hoii niul lho oilier mild tlioy would (.0. woro cnneeriK.il llioy did no! hIiow liny
hooii,  wo  onttcluilod   to  y.o hitn  lho j thrminh, and 1 imld 1 would wait with j hI-iiih nf bui-nln/,' by nn explosion nf
i ,i *• r       I.   'iiii,i,.,Mil *. . .- .... , .,
....,.,,   ,   ■         i       "     •• , i ■' '-■    -   *,•..,!    *.»•_•'.   u i v,k /.    -•  ., ...   .,,1*. ,,,*■,       .'-,*i>,(,   _   'run  iv-t     iul*:ki,'(iuM)    -"ori   1'iM'iM   nl   UiiUl'tl   (nil.
.Iiiiui Iii lho nftcntnoj'i wo wont in and • omiln. Thoy wont through, and when tie lioliom of Tifl clmle, and 1 Ihlnk j beforo they could iIIhcovoi* nn to whnl.
Hiltutod mt In-jiilry Into tho sprond *" | f«.j|-ri\vf-il iho rond up tho main khiik- ! thoy worn koiip we ex.miltied nround, you havo a wHiiprn horn bv tho niimn! w'|t thn roadon for tlio dlHiiRtor; hut
Socialism  among Cuthollcft, and  lind | wny iih fur jih No.  S3 rlmto.     Tho , nml one of iho most roiniiiiiablo UilngHi nf Harry 1-'Iwlior. and T naw lilm nflorjlorm; boforo' llioy lind flulHlicd'tho ox>
wo    found    while    wandoi'liig . the Ini'iinsl   wns ndjoiirnoil  lho IiihI, j ploriillon nnd opened up Uio mine nfrnlii
I thoro whh on Uio end of the mo-1 tlmo 1 wiih hem, nnd ho kiivo mo n i tho Jnrv mot, tlio liiHpoctor lind Rlvon
.   .,   , .        ,, .i,n-  mm........  .*    .you hnvo It  In ihe evldonro, I'vorv graphic dps-rrlnMoii of lho lient! hin opinion, nnd nil nvnllnhlo ovhlonco
had MJimhl IiIh InfnrinuUoii iiiiHing the ,] ,i)I;. ,,.„,.,,,,,,,.,„,„,   ,,..  ,ho   x-.-y ir* ■ rfifnK-, cvirilv m-'.im'c tho m-nnr u-i-j; ' «-m,.), „-,,-„ ,t
(ippom-iiiii iif .s-.eli.lJt.iu, whicli lii'ooo*! .V|,|,,|, ih,. tiiiippin,.*., wero ii'.u.ii c>=»_.; I ihlnk nhout V, clmto), . On lho In
DUi'lllllMIII    lililuilH   vniui.ui.fi,   iiiiii    nun i wilj    ll«   Jill    ah   .XI,    ".   rinin', i in; ; nun iiiii
appoliilod ii .lOKiilt. (.leinyiiiaii to euiry ] force nliiui,' llio j.iiiiKwny wiih nil rrcni | Unit    v
n„ thn Inquiry In llrltnln.     flo far I.o ! »»'«'«   "(l  "> "'"•  o««wh"1h.  «nd  from i i.rnnn.l i
.    .,   , . , .,    i 7,"  hiwiudi'., nnd  lho foi'Cf  wnn very, lor  (yn
,i.i,i,    ccul.-I    r.oly   b-irl    Ir.    lircjllillfd
<(;iii liihlniiti. Why 'iiii be i'i'l ..jipn-.vh
il.i- l',:iiS'..i!('SVii'l:tl|i'.l   Soi-ioty,    whleh
rrM-rlod on Ifs work In n piilillo mnnrior,
m.d -a(mid have liern ilcllplitoi] to tf-n-;
,, ,   i-l.i|i(i?     J.'iO'il"    l.e.c'J. i',    hul.,
(lull 1
t;
Electric Restorer for Men
Pluisnlio_inl-'**»*'1,e»ev"-/n,-n'-*,,n!:'*'""•'*'
i .ui-spimimi,   1M pr,ljlfr tt„,j m; r.,, ,rf
.in :iii*1 wdiliiv, I'fMiMiirisili-i av ;.i"l all '■ m-W
i-..-,    s  ,i.,ii-| nt en.**,    I'lm-ittliiiiii.l v.  I
...•-■'\.11 :i in-i-'Iran.    I'l'i'i t'tn I- il,"* ii*    i i
•.«,    -.li,-..       *',*•.„■      TliA *i'')1m'>1 I'flif
)iv<. end  (if Dip iiiii'ni- n-;iu ,'i   iiirnlliolo.
i dr |»rr*.-*s'(iii in tl.   holler ond,    and
•if,.
*,*.   llfr.-i-cti'tl'l   Dnifj   Stfi'r.    ,   j ;l;j
pilch.
flelitit   I.i
men tin ie.
the end of the l.i.l.i-r Itself was |iln«-; on      the
leioil tldikly v.lih id nut » IihIk-s of bwly     of
lllllll.    Wt.   !*H<.,\    H.tl-l;    I.tli    |imt    III-; llOIWl",      I
■tillt  Hie   middle,   l|.   Me  eeilfn*- ,of  It
■IV H.'i*- ,'l  ll..'.       / .   | ■' *;'ei ij.- ill'C illl'.f
III
;'*'ii
)
tx<i-\\ fiTim t(ic flfili I'l-ivr I bad   hoon   cnllod,   nnd   tho   Jury  hnd
Well, thnt hont wnii not -nuf- i corno to llio -nnncIiiBtnn Hint It wnB tlio
I'n'o or  burn  nnv  of (1ir> ■ rciiili of n cob flro. and tlinl tho f,iti\
AVhoii Wo tttil driwn hero \ bad  lircnmo Imtllod--It   wiih ' a  Nroy
nib     thi.ro     wn»     tho i mliip—and In Ihnt wny llm mlno Jind
man     in     Dio wm-ih. 'ecu  blown  up.      Fn iifloiuntdH,  It)
f'.'ii el    lilt    n:.iiip,    whir niioiilnir tip lho mine*, cioat care wns
j win lindlv hi'iped In the fieo.     Thp! tuken, tlio ''finto mi Is tnHi>ii Iu opon-
' _i|i|.f.n*.>».-e ,,/  (|.nj   iiinu'*- 'm-'y u(ih , Im,' up any tuliie:  hut  iiiifoiltiimtoly
was given to the jury, they could find
no flro, nor any trnco of a fire, nnd
the mnll or was loft (.ulio opon an to
what, wiib the reason. .Well, I had
boon down lho nilno for another pur-J
pose, I suppose about a couplo of years
or so boforo then, nnd al that time I
camo to lho conclusion that If nt any
llrno the roof took n sudden weight
and broko down In a iiuihs, there
would certainly ho a disaster thorn.
What hnpponod waa; I bellovc, what,
nilKht havo boon oxpoctod. Thoy
found that, tho roof had Riven way,
and had kIvoii way aflor the last visit
to tho mine, so I think It was a fair
liu.tiinoo.of the whole disaster boing
mused hy this fall bavlni*. cniiBod on-
(innuiiK. pressure) uiidoi'Ki'ciiiiid. Tt- Is
only dn ri iik rocont. yoni'H* Hint pooplo
hnvo cnnie lo ronll/n tho poHHlbllllloH
of what Ih cnllod tho nlr blast. In India,
and Um wind bltiHi In Now Houth
W'iiIoh. Thoy bolh cnmo (u (ho hiiiuo
tiling, n tieinoiidnuH fnll of mol' suddenly ikiiiiiii'ohhIiib Uio nlr, Woll,
now, Iho innjorliy of people, at flrnl.
siKlil, would PiniHldnr Ihal II wns lm*
IkihhIIiIo tn Kot nn IkiiIIIoii houl, thnl
Ih, a lioal Miil'fleoni |,n iKiiltn iiiuler-
lnIk, tilmply I'rnni n full of roof. Thoro
have boon nn IiihIuiicoh that I could
i|iinio mil In tlin West horo, but In
other purls of the world whore thoy
U--0 nlr I'ompi.p'-.Hors went I rouble has
boon experienced nt t linos by oxpln-
Mens in Hioho air compi'OHKOi'H, I
know ono piii'ilciiliir colliery, oallod
C'llflon Colliery, whero, by simply In*
oroiiHliiK Uio Hpeod of (ho engine from
•Ifi to Til) revolutions per mlmilo, thoy
lyid tiiifoituimtely moro (hnn ono ox-
\i'iiro'iuli    ill    tiii'll     <lil*    lt.*i.t'i*M-'l,        Oi
ooxxv'.;o. lho cni-'tionnp'rniis mntlcr Hint
wnn really tho source of tho oxploslon
wns siippoHcd to bo nn oil thnl woud
nol IkiiUo undor a houl of G10 duKreos,
novci'thclcHH, tho oxploslon liappcnod,
nud lu ii vory few minutes, simply foi-
Hiwnif. Hie iiicreiiHt- In the speed. Vol*
lowliifl* thnl, Htoro wns ti vory notnhlo
oxploslon nt n mlno cnllod liyhnpo
Colliery, IMirlinm. At tlio colllory
lho forco of tho oxplOBlon—mind you,
thoy woro only comprosnlnij nlr, nnd
you would wonder how comproniiod
au* (otihl explode ul nil—noM-filii-leiiS,
lho small nmount of dust tnkon In
iitniii; with Uic air waa mifflclctit to
form nu (.'xplo.she iiiattoi*, rlppoi] the
whnlo of the fliirfnco nrrniiuementH,
mid nlno burst (ho pipe*! n km_j wny
down the Nhnff, nnd nj vnrtmii polntu
liinlile Uio initio, UiIh provlm. that (hero
•le   r.untioitf   fn fo
.ml t'.u.t. lUp lu-
il'.i .it;y of ih-
■Alillll.
CCoiilIiuitiil »u pii^c 31
i, Mcuor
&.Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Open I'm' all kinds of liusiiiosH
in tlioii'-lino
Address Box 07
Fernio
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwig:, Proprietor
New ancl up-to-date .
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Tht ri—ti_it -ninriiiiiin i ■■■i-_ iim uj .n i
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
KING'S HOTEL
Hav -mpj-dleil wltli   X\w   lipid  Wlno.*;,
Mijiku's mid t'lgniN
DININU JtOOM  IN (lONNKUTION
W, MILLS,
Prop
*►•_ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦-»•*.♦
♦ ♦
♦ . NOTICE •+
♦ Owing to tht Mlnea at Coal   ♦
♦ Creek only be*.no partially op*, •#
♦ orated, nnd the niimbftr of Idle   *p,
♦ men very larne, tilt worker*   ♦
♦ nre  requested to <tay away   ♦
♦ from Fernie until further ad*   ♦
♦ vlied. D. I1EE3,      •#
♦ Secretary   ♦
♦ ♦
*&'&^ _^0O^^^*^^ _^,vO*^*A',AiA
l^.
■wte«_«^whw..l»■ty■^^■', j'tt "*'
j« 'iHiw^t*<lf>i'***>i~rV!''*'>'?■?■***"?!T^^'*T^Jt^Ji^^^*^i^^*M^'
-*&*t«t&tit*rit/- j-.^ji f,
,t
'■■aiL* •■■■■- ***-
J - <*
THE, DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 18, 1911.
on
osion
i,    (Continued from page* 2)
■ ■ ■ was not only an explosive* action, but
more oi- less of a detonating action
taking place. This was followed again
• by an explosion in the Transvaal.
There they compressed the air in four
stages. They thought, by adopting
four stages, and obtaining the high
pressure by four stages, they would
•' overcome the difficulty of these explosions, but even there they had an ex-
, plosion. I just" quote these instances
to show that if you have a fall of
roof it is similar to.what take's place
In an air compressing engine; but the
fall of roof is even more intense than
the effect of an air compressor, because in the air compressor the pres-
■ sure goes on more or less by degrees,
and not suddenly, whereas if you have
a fall of rock the whole pressure goes
on at once, and the whole. situation
is equalled by the mass first of" all,
and by the total pressure that is created. Now, take this mine hore. The
outlets for the force created that way
were at 81 and 45, and also at the
cave; I, don't know what tho number
* of that is. "
Mr. Wood:.  27, I think.      ■     ,
Mr. Ashworth:     Somewhere round
there.     Well, now, I .have no doubt
from the character of the evidence it
' has -been thought that the ga that
was found by Bovio- arid -Cardie—I
think in about 75, and somewhere in'
the 60's—that the two small amounts
, of, gas that were found up in these
districts had possibly become ignited
by some means or other. Now, to
take the question of the possibility of
the ignition of this gas, the nearest
men to these two points were the four
men in the crosspitch of 53, and although they wero found with matches
In their pockets, I do not think they
'   had anything to do with-the disaster
■ at all; If they had had a thousand
matches,, it would have been all'lho
same. They had*not been smoking,
and it was not-due to them that,the
disaster occurred;,/ Taking ,7G as a
centre of the force! air driven in all
directions by that force would cross
these old workings, and would drive
the gas* before it." Now, the most
dangerous point in that region" is the
, end of the fifth crosspitch. The end
of the fifth crosspitch is what is called a dead end. It is some considerable distance from the air, and the
air has to be carried into that cross-
pitch by brattice, and brought" - out
again and then through some rooms
■ on-the* higher level there."    I-think
- witness Livett -gave a description, of
* the. rooms * on the higher■■ side there.
.Well, with no*, outlet! there, and the*
7 force ..being driven In that.direction,
—and-lnto'fthat*-dead-endj--a-grcat-heat-
would be created because   It' could
not get through * and expand anywhere
It camo to a dead end there, and slm-
- ply smacked against the face, and the
air would be charged with the dust
along the level or crosspitch. There
is no doubt* that this very libt dust-
charged air would produce much carbon monoxide gas by distillation, and
- also effect the dust lying In the cross-
pitch to the extent of -.ho sample that
> has already been reforred to as taken,
and which was examined under,the microscope, and, taking., that "diist .and
comparing It' with tho dust "".hat wa3
taken in the case of tho Mount Kern-
bla disaster, which was submitted to
Mr. WIngayo,' tho government analyst,
it enables us to ostlmato tho degree
of heat.    Mr. WIngayo gave a written
* roport on tho dust, taken In tho Mount
Kombla accident, and anyone Intorost-
od will be ablo to find the. particulars
In* tho reports of tho Commissioners
who mado a spocial investigation of
this particular jonqulry, as tlio wholo
details nro set out thoro. Howovor!
tho main fnct that I wish to call attention ' to Is" that, talcing tho" loss of
volatile* mattor In tho dust* from tlio
Bollovuo Mlno, na takon :ln lho samplo
I hnvo mimed,'this Is roproBonted by
from two to throe por cont, that ls,
In tho nollovuo Mlno, tJndor similar  conditions,  tho  loss  of volatile
i mnttor In tho Mount Kombla Mino,
Mr. Wingayo stntcfl, Indicated that In
no enso hnd lho hont oxecodod about
1140 dogroos Pnhr., and that hont was
'entirely Insufficient to coko, tho coal,
, nnd It nlso Indicated that thoro.hnd
boon no oxploslon of nro damp In Hint
mlno, pthonvlBo tho coal would hnvo
boon cokod In n dlfforont fashion. Of
courso, nil this dust Is vory, vory
mnnll, nnd nny nmount of honl, ovon
If only nlong transitory, ikishIhr along
would coko thnt dust, absolutely coko
It. Vor IiiHlniico, I mny Just. Blnto
llinl I hid n oninplo nf coko sent from
Iho Whllohnvon mlno nnd It wan perfectly distinct. No doubl nl nil nhoul
II. Thnt wns noknowIotlRod lo ho a
flro iln in ]i oxploHlou, So Hint llio only
wny you cnn form nny.Jitilgmonl ns to
whether llioro hits boon n flro dninp
explosion or otherwise, is . the heat,
and; the effect it has on the dust of,
which \ve get samples. As I said
before. I am perfectly'satisfied that in
the Bellevue Mine, in my.'own mind,'
there was not a fire damp explosion.
Then you come lo the-point as to
where the afterdamp, generally speaking, came from. Well, now, if you
have a- slight coking of coal, oiie of
the first things given,off is'the carbon"'monoxide, and it all' depends on
the 'amount of, heat1.,as to what the
gases found after an ,'explosion are,
of what* the gases will be. Of course,
afterdamp is a term found in reference
books,' and the books that students of
colliery matters trust to. I suppose,
when they go for their, examination,
and a student is not, of course, supposed to investigate all the possibilities of this sort of thing; the matter
would be too big, and it is therefore
necessary to follow the text book and
rely on ,i your toxt book as to what
afterdamp is. Afterdamps are not all
alike; lliey vary very, very considerably, and judging from what I saw
hero in Bellevue", and the effect on
tho men, and the disaster to tho rescue party. I do, not think myself that
there could have been more than about
one-fifth of one per cent, that is two-
tenths of ono per cent, iu that air, because otherwise, with a much larger
percentage, not one of the men would
have been rescued" alive. Naturally,
two-tenths of one per cent is quite
enough lo incapacitate a mail, and, to
take the use out of his knees. That
is where he, generally 'suffers first;
the use goes out of his knees. I think
witness Matson described a feeling at
tho back. of his neck, I was much
interested in that, biit I don't know
anything about that .myself. These
men who have been got out, and who
have described their own feelings, say
they were alright until they could not
think, and I think that indicates* that
their remembrance is very much affected, and Matson is quite right in
saying it affected the-- base of his*
brain. There is another point in connection with* the afterdamp that got
these men down. I don't think it
.was entirely due to carbon monoxide,
the effects they suffered from, and
Spruston, who I think led the final
rescue party, explained to me that he
had examined for gas when going in.
Well, he said he had examined for
carbon monoxide as well, but you cannot find that on a lamp flame, that is
impossible. , He said he found a cap,
and that the cap was 3-8 inch.' I have
particularly asked „him .since about
that cap, and he is quite convinced
that he found a .cap; but the only
effect is that it makes the flame burn
brighter, and that would be perceived.
—Mrr-Mackie:—Bo-you-Tnean^io-say-
that he would not have time to discover It ? „ ' ' ; . ;,
' ■ Mr. Ashworth: It is .impossible for.
him to discover it with a safety lamp.
.Well,* to .continue about the firedamp,
Spruston Is absolutely certain that he
found that '3-8 Inch cap, arid that it
was a firedamp cap.* To mako quito
sure about the thing, ho mentioned
that Mr. Strachan, tho nlspector, who
was also with; hlm, arid'next to him,'
made a remark to him: "Oh," ho said,
"we have been in many a worse cap
than that. Tliat won't stop us." Now,
I met, Mr.' Strachan" last Saturday'
week, and rat first ho said he could
not remember,that they had found a
cap, but when I mentioned to him
what. Spruston told me, ho said, "That
Is true; wo did find a cap." Now,
tho air that got those mon down was.
undoubtedly somo mixture of nftordamp and somo flro damp, 'which, by.
somo moans which nobody, discovered,
and which nobody seems to havo noticed, had drivon It down upon thom,
Thore must havo boen a further 'fall;
I oxpoct, .In"tho cavo, and that had
drivon tho damp which was In' lho
Insldo whoro, tho hrattlco, had, .■ not
boon ronowod, and had brought lt
down In tlto road; thnt Is, betwoon 104
aijd 124, I thought, lt somowhoro In
thnt region nnd thnt wns whnt did tho
"whole damage I don't think tho of-
foci on thnt roscuo party wns entlrbly
duo to nftordamp, If tho flrcdnmp
hud not boon there I don't think thoso
mon would hnvo lost tliolr Hvos, Thnt
Is simply my opinion, of courso.
Mr. Mncklos ;' You woro talking
lho man finding n cnp. You snld lt
Is Impossible to find a cnp from enrbon monoxldo. Will you stato what
gns would produco that, cnp?
Mr, Afdiworlh: I nm tnlklng nbout
it cnp fi*om firedamp. Tho cnp tlioy
fouiid wns n firedamp cnp, That In
whnl I wnnt to mnko clonr.
Mr. Mncklo: Now, you stated something about, somo of tho gns bolng
driven out from llio roglnn whoro tho
piivo took plnco, Is Hint ll?
Mr, Ash worth i Woll, tho nlr com-
proHRpil hy Unit fnll would drivo Inlo
nil thnt wnsto iioi*ohh horo (point In
dicated' on the plan, between 82 and
55, and 60), say betweri; 64 and 75.
Mr.  Mackie:    I  follow  you  now.
Mr. Wood: At the* point of your
story where you came^ to, the conclusion that there was 'firedamp.in the
gangway, will you go on from tliere,
1 don't follow il, and ,1 don't think
the jury do, that it, as to the effect
on the rescue party. I have it that
this gentleman, the Inspector in. B.C.,
found'a "cap in his lamp which.was
unquestionably firedamp and, therefore, the air that killed the men had
some fire damp in it?
Mr.' Ashworth:    That is my opinion.
Mr. Wood: Had some firedamp in
it as well as afterdamp?
Mi'. Ashworth:      Yes.
Mr. Wood. And wliat, exactly, did
you conclude .from that ? ' Was that
caused   by  the  subsequent  fall?
Mr. Ashworth:     Yes. "     *
.Mr, Wood: Perhaps caused by a
subsequent fall of roof exuding firedamp?
Mr. Ashworth:      Yes.
Mr. Wood: Will you say exactly
what * your deduction was with respect to the safety of tho rescue party
as well. I think that point* refers
more particularly to.the men who were
grouped around the charging station
at 124.
Mr.- Campbell:1 .At 84, wasn't it?
., Mr. Wood:   No ,at 124.  . Those are
tho men you mean, sir?  '
Mr. Ashworth: Yes. these men liad
taken the boards and placed them
around the pipe to sit on. When I
.refer to thc firedamp it is particularly
in respect, to these men. When the
last man was brought out, there were
two .men brought out under the Draegar helmets, that is,'with the Draegar helmets on, T-Ialllday and another
man". Well, then, there were these
six -men and the Draeger man left inside.*, The next thing that happened
Mqtusky went in with a' Draeger two'
hour apparatus, and carried a half-
hour apparatus, and he was supposed
to bring out Alderson. Well, now,
when he got inside he found Alderson
collapsed on the floor, and .every other
man down except, I think, Hutton,
who was' standing, Matusky came
back arid said that none of the men
could put the, apparatus on, or could
assist him in putting the apparatus on,
and unfortunately he did not force,,it
on to anybody, and instead of bringing
the apparatus out in liis hand, he left
it there and came out himself, evidently exhausted, and told;the rest of
the people'that every man Inside was
down,, and that they would all lose
their lives before help could arrive
back from the outside with a further
supply of oxygen,, . At a consultation that was held it .was arranged to
'make-up-a~party~t"d~go~In, so far~"be
hind each other, and to lay hold of
these men and pull them out. \ Well,
that was carried out, and it was in
connection with the carrying out of
that plan that I mention the matter
of the firedamp. "But to go on further, these men that were at that station wore assumed by' the explorers
that had been.in beforo to be In comparatively good condition. They
were around the pipe, which was blowing off fresh air ,and no harm could
come to them;-but when it was known
that those men wero' down,-it certainly appeared that the only way to-save
their lives was to mako a rush for
them. I don't think those men were
suffering' from afterdamp poisoning at
all. I believe that gas was driven
down from tho higher workings by
a socond cavo, just at that one particular spot. It* was brought down
right at the far end'there, bocauso all
tho bratticing was down, nn|d; lt was
found afterwards thnt thero was n
small qunntlty of gns cIobo against
theso mon,, nnd therefore it was not
nftordnmp Hint got„tho pnrty down,
Nevertheless, the rescue' party tliat
wont ln were undoubtedly lncnpncltnl-
od hy tho,nmount of enrbon monoxldo
thnt. wns in tho .air. It, wns not tho
afterdamp that got Ihem down, but
the enrbon monoxldo.
There Is just ono point thnt occurs
to mo thnt I havo not mentioned In
connoctlon wllh tho mattor of honl,
WltnoRs Hnllldny, when ho gavo ovidoneo, drew nttontion to lho fnct thnt
In Numbor 82 chuto ho wont up 1
think to-tlio'socond crosscut In tho
pitch nnd found llioconl was extremely" hot. Ilo could not bent* his hnnd
on It, Tlinl. only hours out what wns
found nftor lho previous diHnHtoi', In
Hint, Biimn clmlo thoro wns tho snmo
offool, ho tlinl whnt occurrod on one
ocoiihIoii wns ropontod In tho hocoikI
oociiflloii, It wnfi n tlilni*; I did not
know about until ho l'lippcncd in mention It In bin ovldoiioo. . V do not
think It wiih it mnttor Unit wiih (Uh*
covoi'od nny wny, bill, thoro wiih IiIh
ovidoneo thnt Iho conl was ho hot ho
could not hour IiIh hnnd on II, Now
currying out Unit hiiiiio Idon, II hooiiih
PAGE THREE
*   . i\ -
:■ ■*.->**
to me that the man'who had-his hand
burned; and who. was taken out of
53 chute, had possibly fallen down and
got his hand on it. Also the- men
that were* burned on the cheek, one
dn the right side and. oiie on the left.
,1 do not know that I can state that*
from my own knowledge; there may
be other points that you legal gentlemen'may be able to pull out.
Mr., Campbell: You mention,* .sir,
the gas that' was mentioned by Bovio
and Cardie, and,*I don't think it was
quite plain to the jury. '.You went
on' to explain, the fall, and the air
compression. If there was,a quantity
of gas, as explained by Bovio and
Cardie, what, in your opinion, had that
to do with what'happened in (he mine?
Mr. Ashworth: .1 don't think it
had any 'influence whatever on what
happened in the mine. "There was no*
trace of it; There is no trace as
far as I can see of an explosion of
fire damp in the mine.
Mr. Campbell: * To put it unscientifically, what you say, sir, is that this
large quantity of rock falling" caused
such an intense pressure of air as to
generate the, heat which caused ihe
disaster?
Mr. Ashworth: Thai is* so. Another theory which you might have
supposed applicable to the case would
be that these .rocks in falling would
strike fire, and" ignite any gas. If
there' had been gas thero I have not
the least doubt whatever .that these
rocks  would  have ignited it.
Mr, Campbell: You have no doubt
the rocks would have ignited it?—tho
gas? '-, .   * *
Mr. Ashworth:   Yes.
Mr. Campbell: Do'you consider thai,
it was the air pressure, and not the
ignition of the gas', ■ :
Mr. Ashworth:* That is so.
. Mr. Campbell. I understand it, from
a layman's standpoint, your ■ reason
for saying that is that there was no
indication present of the degree of
heat whicli would be caused by an ox-
plosion?
Mr. Ashworth: That is so.*
..Mr. Campbell: That there was a
percentage of volatile mater which
you found';to be. absent from the stuff
wliich you analysed, and the'percentage was not such as indicated a gas
explosion?
Mr. Ashworth:   That,is so.
Mr. Campbell: And the burns on
the men, on their faces, etc., as yen
say here, indicated the absence of
such  an explosion?
Mr. Ashworth: Yes; that is so *
- Mr. Campbell: There to only one
other point. You" say that you think.
or you have practically stated as a deduction in your own mind, a satisfactory deduction, that the men around
84, where the 21. men were, died of
carbon monoxide?
Mr. Ashworth: I did not see the
bodies, but .from the doctors' evidence
I should say that .these men died from
carbon monoxide. ,     *      *
Mr. Campbell: And also that the
men.going in with the Draeger apparatus aftei; that; the men of the rescue
ji___Lty,_^e,re__b;rough<udown,--or-partially-
ilt iiiiillliiilllllliiiitiill II mt
inti
uu
IihmBiI Wt HI
A pure, wholesome
Icnvcnlnm agent, which makes the
biscuit nnd cake of highest healthiulness at medium cost and protects the
food irom alum, which ls the greatest
dietary danger ot the day.
put out' of business, by carbon mon
oxide?, .. *
Mr. Ashworth. 'That is.so, ' ' " '
■ Mr! Campbell: And that the other
men they went,to rescue in-124 or
125, whichever it was, while perhaps
in the first place they suffered from
carbon monoxide, were* -. ultimately
overcome by firedamp?
Mr;   Ashworth:   That  is  what     I
think
1 Mr. Campbell: And that tliat firedamp, was brought down by a second
fall in the hiine. A fall, that we have
had no evidence of; something small,
thnt was just enough to drive the gas
onto thoso men, and* the reason that
lt could be carried'thero, was that the
first explosion had knocked the :brat-
to pieces?, ..   ,.
Mr. Ashworth;   Yes., .
.   Mr. Campbell:     And you say that
gas. would exude aft.or the first explosion?   •■ ' • n i
Mr.*''Ashworth: • Yes!
' Mr. Campbell:   And that would bo
gns g.onernted or exuded  nfter •'tho
first explosion?        '
Mr.* , Ashworth:   Yes,    nbout    12
hours, nftor  tho first disaster.
Mr.' Cnmpboll   For tho purpose of
. lho jury, then, do I tnko it, sir, that tho
primary cnufce of that nccldont was tho
I fnll of the lnrgo .quantity ot roof 7
I'  -Mr. Ashworlli., That Is my opinion
, Thoro Is Just ono point! would llko to
, montlon. *Yoii mention tho gns In
j tho old workings thoro.    'To show
, Hint thnt gns did not oxplodo, I think
It Is nbspluloly proved by tlmt littlo
J fnct of tho dry diiBt on the ond of tho
J motor, , If any gns had boon oxplodod
, In those old. workings, the force of
I llinl oxploHlou would hiivo boon tlio
first effect.     Woll, now, 11, Ih quito
clonr rrnm tho dust on tho ond of Uio
motor thnl tho wol sludgo   wns thero
first, nnd Hint tlio dry diiHt wns tlm
hocoikI offpcl;  thoroforo, tho hoi nlr
or (IiihI, coming down from llio hlghor
worklngR cnmo down secondary to tho
find, offool. on Uio ninln gnngwny,
■A Jury mnn:   You mty thnl, lho hont
wnH gotiorntml by lliu (■oniprosHlnii   of
Uio nlr, llm nlr holow lho rock?   You
hiIIpiI  ll  coiicuhhIoii, I mink, ilidn'i
you?
Mi'. AhIiwo.'Ui: f uiiod Uio word por-
(MiHHlnn. it luiH um ..timo HlKiiirioiillnn,
.Tiiryinnii: You Hiiy (ho nlr would
ho drivon ncro.in (,vcr tlio old woi-kliiim
Ihoro. lln-niii-h (It.. crnHHCtitH llu-ro und
"li Inlo llinl blind ulloywny In Uio -sixth
ei'ONHplfeii ovor nhoul 47 or Ifi, nnd
lincl* iiBiiIn, and ihnl would bo whnl
would oiiiiho tho honl, In lho fin Ji ,T0HH.
pilch  ovor  r.2?
Mr. Ashworlli: Xo, 1 don't think I
.•i..;.;.i ii limn, unii way, Tiio offool
of l__.,l ilM,-..,„«,,., ,,! .... ,-,.,.,*,■ ,,,
Ronornl, nil ovoi-'Umt. nron, \\vii.
thon; Uio offoct would lm tlmt mi iho
nlr In dint, nrmi would bn PomnrnsRod.
nud would bo prosHod fnr wnnl fo find
nu oullol floinowlioro, nnd It would
mu lio nny ji.irtlriiliir portion of tlm
nlr, or nny jinrlleiilni* Illtlo rtr.pn.tlt of
aan, or rmythliiir of Ihnt hoi-I thnt
would hn drivon In ono piirllculni* direction. hocfiiiHO Uio wliolo thing would
lio nilvod un, you noo. it would nil
ho mljfPd up; you rnuid nnt drivo ono
li(H lll.li   Of   Un*   .(DM   hy   ItHPlf,
.Turvrnnn:   Whv would It bo pnrtl-
oi'V-rl'.* hot Iii ihul flfili oroHH-KPoilmi
•nor :,':'>
Vr. .Uhworlh: fllmply Wniiso
»t-ro In no out lot for It. Tho form
"oo« 'm l-k-r. n pl'.fon.
*••> r*nn,nl.f.l(. Tl'Pro 1% Ji_<-.| one*
onliil Urnf. I would llko to not kohip
knowledge on. Between.,the disaster"
bn October 31st, and the oue of ..December 9th, I am told that' the mine
was very much more dusty/than it
was previously.' Well, you say that
the dust is stored up along with the
air? ■• i i *
air. Ashworth: It is rammed into
the end, and not with an easy force,
but all of a sudden, and that is where*
the percussive force comes in, and that
is where you get heat. Take a. tube
'closed at one end and place gun cottoii
or tinder inside, and 'then suddenly
compress the air inside by a tight fit
ting piston, and the heat produced will
ignite the material. Ii is the sudden
force that docs the damage. . There is
no long pressure; it is the suddenness
of it.
Mr.  Campbell:    Now, what    difference of force would make il the same
so 'that the heal would be generated
in * chute   S2,   this   intense   heat   in
chute '82 "''
Mr,- Ashworth: I am afraid I shall
have to say there are a lot of things
in colliery explosions that no one can
understand.* There are always some
points that if you attempt to explain
them will put you on the rocks, and
I could not explain that. I can only
say it is a fact because il is there
on the first and on the second disaster.
Of course you would have to examine
the surropiiding case; there might be
a rock stopping, or something to pull
thc air up at that particular spor, but
I don't know that I- have sufficient
knowledge of the mine to decide that.
It is a sug-nsMon,' of course; i do
not ppy any fiiri.ir-i* than that. ,l.ui
something happened there, bet wo
Halllday said he could not get far i.p
tho chuto hoc aiise rock had .allc-i
there. Now it is ouite possible thfit
tho full spoken of there might ■")<? followed1 by anr.ther i'lill of roof. w.ii_i
brought, down the pas that I spoke of,
and which affected-the'men at 124.
Of course, that is only a suggestion.
You were talking about the end of thai
crosspitch, and that reminds nie of
another interesting point which occurred in connection with the previous
disaster on the 31st of October. You
will notice that the end of the fourth
crosspitch there on the old plan apparently ends. Well, at the time of
that explosion it ended there," but
after tlie explosion was over there
with a connection between that' and
the crosspitch* further along. , There
was a piece of rock I think about 6
feet thick that was -blown out,' and
it gives you some, idea of the force
concentrated, on the end of this cross-
pitch. Whatever was the force that
blew out that piece of rock, you can
apply an equal force into the cross-
pitch above.- - It is'rather an important point which I had forgotten; '
, Mr.' Mackie: I understand very
clearly the position that you take in
this matter, and my understanding, as
I have been able to follow you, is this:
that the suddenness of a cave, and the'
magnitude of that cave taken into
consideration, will -at once remove a
volume of air with" such rapidity and
.velocity ,-combining-in-its-course-any-
thiiig which.it can pick up, such- as
dust, that it will create heat and cause
this explosion, or create heat* and
causQthe havoc which we have'found
here. '■
" Mr. Ashworth: Yes;that is po. And
you might add that it would cause an
explosion in a mine where thero was
sufficient gas. I do not mind you
putting that In.
Mr. Macklo: All rigli't, .then, we
will.put It in now. And could create
sufficient heat to causo an explosion
where gas would be found. Vi ,
Mr, Ashworth: Particularly if thore
were dust .about.
Mr. Mackie: No, tlio position ls
this*, Youhavo stated, If I remember
rightly, that,there must havo been a
subsequent fall which created this fire
damp?" ■ y
Mi<., Ash worth: ■ No, no, no. J, did
not croato.any firedamp with a fall.
I suggested that, as firedamp was
found In'Ihnt gnngwny, nt'a Inter period, thnt tlio chances wero thnt thoro
wns firedamp thoro nt that particular
period, but the disturbing offoct was a
possible' cavo somewhere olso, I
don't know whero It* wns at nil.
, Mr, Mncklo., Thon, how would you
renlly account for tho prosoncoof flrcdnmp In tho mnln gnngwny. Wo havo
your evidonco ns to whnt nctunlly oc.
currcd nt 70; tho cavo In, nnd thnt
ciuislng a wind nnd crontlng tho hnvoc
lins beon doHcrlhod, nnd thnt tho hont
renlly crontod Uio enrbon monoxldo
thnt.wnB prcBont by, tho docompoBl-
tion of cortnln pnrtlclos ot conl; but
you sny nlso Unit In tho nftordnmp
thoro wiib firedamp,    '
Mr*. Aaliworlli. In thnt piirtl.ml.ir
caso, you know.
Mr, Mnoldo: Would It. ho so In
this criHo In Uio Ilollovuo Mine?
Mr. AHhworUi: Ulght nt, tlmt end
nt 121, I did nol mention It, nny wlioro
olso,
Mr. Mncklo: You did not mont Ion
I'li'odnmp In nny othor portion thnn
ul   I2'l?
Mr, AHhworUi: Yoh, llinl. In It.
t Mr, Muoklo: Woll, thon. whnt would
!,voii miy ihoro wiih Iu thero wiih In thnl
iimrlleiilnr region wlioro you hnvo
, honrd tho ovidoneo glvon nhoul, tho
I region whoro tho mon Hpnl.o of u wnll
jof HIV. Thoro wiih n wnll of gitH
i llirough which thoy oould not go, Tlmt
■ In ilut way hoiiio wIIiiohsoh deneribod
M'.
Mr. AHhworUil   Thoro wiih no wnll
1 Of   gllH.
I    Mr. ('iiiii|)hcll:    Thnl   wns m   M,
j    Mr,  Mncklo:    Thai   would  lie emu.
| pined of pine carbon monoxide?
I    Mr, AHhworUi:    I hnvo nnl liennl of
, it in nil nl gnu boforo,
' . ■    -, . ■   i i       i ,
,        • II,.<:.,;,       I,     i.,    |,||     It;, UH. I, Hill
liuil ihoy cdiilil •:<•,. ii wnll of -.•.■!.-.: ili.it
iUirco mon Hnld thoy oould hoc » wall
j ol' KIIH.
! Mr. Anil word), Well; Hint Im mint,
i vou know,      lu n initio like Mint  vim
would   Ilml  Umi   iniuiy  (-nwi,  under
Klmlliir condition*.,
Mr. Mncklo:    Then, nl no place wiih
! Ihoro fli'Piliimp, oxoopt nt  11! I?
!     Mr.  Adhworlh;    Well,  I  didn't   .-we
jit  niyiiolf, yon know,
|    Mr, Miicklp;    Ilut  thnt Ih Uio t-on-
jCiuHioii you ronchod?
j    Mr. Awhworlb:    Yon.
|     Mi. .Miifklii:    And Unit would up the
n-oHiill, .vou Hny, poHHlbly of n MibHp-
ijiieiii «ninll nivo, or mihi-.f-quciii full?
Mr. AHhworUi:   No, no.     Tin' flro-
-lamp   you   nro  talking     iitum' -tlm
■/..uiu' of thr* firedamp ymi nro ' 'Mnp,
about would be Um nnturnl e.iH;*H._n
Do You Want
A Home?
t    ., Three   20-acre   Tracts,   of
Nvhich four acres 'on"-each
are improved, ■ on. "Lake
• Front and located where
tliere is good settlement,
Price per block S'loOO and'
at terms to suit purchasers.
• This, is a chance for anvone
intending' to make a home
for liimself at Once..
/
I
I
6
CRESTON
50 blocks well watered, excellent soil,' free from rock
and0 easily cleared—Three,
miles from station.
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
* City, well located and water,
oe Grafton
Fernie
B. G.
Head Office Toronto, 8 King St. W.
Branches ancl connections '."throughout,..',.
•■*■■,'     Canada '** '* " **•* '*?
,      •   *..'>.' .    ■ ,      '.'i ,,.\.
British and Foreign Correspondents1 in all
1    the important cities of the,-ivd'rld    "1
* **- ' ,] *       ■■■*'   •'-**. a-: .  ,/J*(-|,i!  *
Notes discounted and genei,a,r-b8:iiMng,',i
■ ■  . business transacted'1, .'*_■-' .\'i'^ J^,:
Full Compound Interest paid on Savings'Accounts
of OneDollar or more     .. '.
- , * , ,j
... JOHN ADAIR, Manage.  Pernie
nm mi i _M_____B____________|
Bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
Capital Paid Up ,    .    .    .    ...  $2,750,000
Reserve and Undivided Profit* .    $3,250,000
$6,000,000
Total Asiete   ....   Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, Aocnt
FERNIE
from tho ronl, Tlio wlioln of I lie
v.-iiillnllnn wiih cut (iff ilii-n, umi h;t,l
lioun Hliindlii*. for ll! lioiini, nml quiii'
lorn,' (.'iion>.'li for kiik io .irriimiiliii'' m
Mini (.'ini,
Mr, ('iiiii|i|k>|I: So you inciuil in nny
tlmt llu1 mis tlmt ov-'iviiii).- iim iiu*ii
nl 1'JI Iuul lii'cu «-*iii_.|'-iiIiik, iifler Hi.'
('SploHloil,    (llll ill*,'    llitlMi    11.    Ilillll'r.*;
AIi. AmIiwoiUi: ' (-p.-i.il.ily. | only
Hiiy II wiin driven down on in llu'in
Hill, iiflci* nil, tl In only n .'iii>|*ii,*.|iliui.
Mr.  Mm-I.)k.     Now,  one  ililnit Ilml
.-IrM'o*.   iri'n   vei'v   iwn>t.ll.i.*l<'     11.    x   i
woi'ili, on tlio Hiwii'v ilml ymi lmvo
i*/,|iuiiinii*ii, l nm iiiiiittiu-il iii ii), ior
liist.'iii'i.-, wlii'ii- you (oiiiiil rt._-t.ilii ml,.
In.r. imd trio': s....m*ji|i.,i w!i|/-h so*. -..*,
nlyscd, nnd fivun whirl- you dlsrnwr-
cd  lliorit  mum   lmvo  liwn  n  cd-inlii
fi mount i.t 1. ,-,.ii      T ■,.,, I„f. , ,.,,  1 .1 . ,
Unit iinrU-'iiliu* |il*U'(! then. Ih noionl.
■rivi-ryllihiK  linn   boon   removed,
Mr. Afiliwortli. Thnt would mil m-it-
i _■ nt. nil. H Is diiHt of mul, noi
ronl. It, In dust Iravp.lln.; In i|*n air
with nroat volirity.
Mr Mrirlilr. rif t-niirco, dnl ll niu«i
lmvo lonlHtriii.' ju Un; nlr, M*--ii_.t.|i«p>
to rront limit?
Mr. AkIiwoi-Mi: TIii> full of n*'!:
liofitH I Iir* nlr.   Tin-, nlr  Ih  lioalrd,
Mr. Mnrklr. You nii-nu (o my tl-:ii
nxoroiy tlw fnll of rm-li Is sufflrluii to
liont i!i« iiii* iintunilly. Tho nir
I*** ■trflv-r-ll.Tu*. rilr,T,rr ;!..- ji,-*)*-**.*,--*...-', ;i-:i .
nnitlii.it   tin riliMiriii'Mon.  nnd  lIn' f-<H
of rock, which, iih vou hnve -t-hciwn to
Uh lm.!|ii.|ii.(! iih qui.-lily ;o, Umi (IIIiik-
t('ont|iiii<"l  mi   ]i;\v.r  iii
A Good Idea in Hair
Treatment
Ttie ti<>-,iOl_ with ii.oti wuini'ifi. },,*il.
a that lliey won't tnkn tlin llm.. to
KlVtl It jutijiur UfinliiU'iil, ir yon iv.ui!
yonr linlr to lmvo mat look uf insl*,.
unl vltfillty, you iiiiint  tultu t.n*., i,i a
You cannot oxpi-i-i to Imvu . ]>li-ml.■)
hair If you nliii.ilv mo n cninli ilm.m-ii
ll In thei linn nliiK--Klvn It ,t il.ili nn
tho outar filtf-i with ,. linmli-.-tli.ow
U Into a br.,l(l-mvu(*.!i jt ._iUIii„i u,*.
head—Jab in a few Imlr plim-mnl i«i
It   Wft   A t   t ti n ♦
ijair l» llko any otlior utawlnn Ihlro?
—tt   Tilt nil*,   fl* • f-..!|n..      It    '..i,   .      ,  ,,,       .,
neoda  thorough  Kroomlntr  roi_.ulii.ly—
not only lit, imlr hut  thu *c__lii.
If you ,hav* tha Um« ntul im Hence
you won't need any hair toiilc-nut
moit women haven't Th« next i"*-'*t
thinrr le Nyal'a Htrautone. It la the
beet   thin* offered  to tfth*  tlio pine*
Or  noilr«  nf i-irnnMnt- ..nil   ».-,..,i.t..;.
It tonne up th» roon, t.rJ.-.iten-. the
folor, Improvta tha texture and nmkei
It a ay mneetaily where It U rut.
Hlriutona lltdrally ravitalltet th*
B*al*ot*(t hair.
Tour Nyal Drutriflit ohaarfully reo-
crnmen-le Hlreutone becauae _.« know*
In arllitlo bottle* Ji.OI. ant? lio.
I'iii*  Suit*  niul  Ciuu'iintu-il  hy
N.  E.  &UOOAHY
Ono for oacb everyday aJlm«nt PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE. B. 0., MARCH 18, 1911,
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest, circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-Wdate facilities
for ths execution* of all kinds of book, job and
color vork. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
'     . „      J. W. BENNETT, Edito*.;.
t
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
A WORD OP ADVICE TO INTENDING
EMIGRANTS
I
N one of our editorials last week we*urged that
those who   were   contemplating   emigrating
should pause before doing so for thc purpose of
•   obtaining evory possible information regarding lhe
, conditions that would confront them upon arrival
,-. -( rt
in this country        '.
The importance of doing this was fully exemplified by tlie experience of a party that recently arrived in Fernie from south-east- Durham.     This
party consisted'of three men, one of whom was accompanied by his wife aud five children, had accepted as true the lying statements of both male
* and   female   agents   i'or   thc   shipping companies
ihat there was so much work in Canada that workers were at a premium,*'the minimum wages paid
to men being 16 shillings a day.    Fearing that unless they took advantage of such remarkable opportunities on the assumption "that the early bird
catches the worm," they.sold up everything, lock,
stock and barrel so as" to provide themselves with
the wherewithal] to reach such an El Dorado only to
. find, upon arrival in Fornie, "that they had been
cruelly deceived.     Perhaps many will blame thein
for'being .so easily gulled, and yet when we take
into "consideration, the, stories- and moving picture
illustrations that are being dangled before the British public, either openly or tacitly endorsed by the
"honorable and respectable" element, complacent
tools of capitalism, and the miserable outlook in
the old country it is not to be wondered'at that
members of the working class are so easily gulled.
^Trthe*sF]feopie"were"■pfal!tlMUy^S^nriil^s§7rt1i5*?ivl■5,
authorities were called upon and transportation
..purchased at low figures for these victims to,the
Coast, which was certainly the more economical way
out* .of the present difficulty, at least, than having
them become charges upon the community.     This,
however, is not fair to the citizens of Fernie, neither
is it so to the city'to which they have been shipped,
not to speak of the disappointment ifod inconye.ni-
once.workfed upon the individuals'themselves."  Immediate action ought to be taken by the city authorities to prevent asfar as it. is* practicably against repetitions' o£ .incidents' of this character,Vand
the .question naturaljy, arises how'does it happen
thnt these people were allowed to come   into   the
country if they did not meet with the regulations regarding the amount of money that each is expected
to have upon landing!
*.,*. Wei'would say in response that these laws, like
many others, nre observed in the breach more than
Ui the observance when it ty.pt suits .the. convenience of those whose.material interests are involved.
There is another feature thnt is worthy of the attrition of the taxpayers of Fernio, nnd thnt is this:
these drains upon the City Treasury arc absolute
losnes and the custom of providing transportation
once accepted as the best way out of n difficulty
may result in further inroads upon the.finances
with disastrous results. To be candid, we willac*
knowledge thnt wc are'.'far n.orc'jntcrestcd in thc
well being of individuals than wo nre in the dollars nnd cents question, therefore, point out those
matters so that those whose pocket-books nr,o(i af.
footed niny ndopt such measures iih tliey doom advisable to liotnken for thoir protection, whilo wo, on
our part do our share hy endeavoring to' guard tlio
inlnrcHfs of tliat cIiihh on whose behalf this paper
principally exists ror*—tho working class,
The sp<-f.ific caso alluded lo is liy no moniw llio
only tlinl hns oomo to our notice; moreover-, with
the tremendous .iiHux, Hint according to lhe press
repoi'lN is nsNiii'eil, wo may look iipuii this .ns mere
ly n linrhingt'i' of whiit wo mny expei-l, nml there
fore we sntitiil IIiik nolo of warning early in lho
season so Ihnt Hioho who run mny read.
Wo. intend to givo this nrlielo the widest, possible
publicity, hut in so doing would likewise nsk Ihe
(.(i-openition of everyone who has friends and relatives in Ilii*-* eountry imd more espeeinlly llmse from
f'niinlv Piii'linni, lo send this buck home, so Ilml
COTTON SPINNERS QUIT FOR THREE/
MONTHS
, V MANCHESTER, March 13.—The Federation
of Master Cotton Spinners, acting oh the .proposal of the American section of the.trade,.decided
to-day" to suspend operations on' Saturday, ;for
three months."—Vancouver, AYqrld. ... .7
CAY delightfully brief and businesslike, is,the
above announcement! '
Throe months "vacation for the" carders,, spinners,
tacklbvs, weavers, overlookers, twisters, rrawersV
etc., ond this without any pay. Ample opportunity thus afforded for the improvement of,their
minds and to inhale the breezes of heaven unpolluted by the fluffy lint of the workshops,;for which
praises should be sung and probably would be were
it not for tlie demands of that organ which insists
upon something solid being placed with in its recesses. . How beneficient are the masters that, they
did not cease operations during the winter months.
Now, with tho warmer weather approaching it will
not, be so hnrd to sleep outdoors with the blue canopy of heaven for a coverlid and the soft side of a
stone for a pillow!,, -    ■
The above short paragraph will doubtless be read
by many, immediately thereafter, dismissed from
their thoughts. Merely a piece .of news that goes
to occupy space in the daily papers. Still, it is
an item for more serious' reflection, because*it dis-'
closes a fact standing out in bold relief as another
of the irrefutable proofs of the inadequacy of .present day methods to meet the requirements of human needs. In the days not long past we were
told that "Competition was the life of trade," but
with thc development of labor displacing machinery,'greatly increasing productivity, when thero
was a demand i'or cotton products the-factories
worked with feverish activity and each individual
establishment fought.for supremacy in strict conformity with tbe rule of "every man for himself
and the devil take the hindmost," with the result
that the market became glutted and the weaker
firms went to the wall; panics arose, and those who
weathered'the storm of "oyer production" had
forced upon them the necessity of co-operation to
the end that the supply of commodities should be
approximated to the anticipated demand, thus precluding the possibility of over production. Remem-'
ber that this was not an idea conceived in the fer
tile brain of an intellectual giant, but by the dominating influence of economic trend.- '■ -----=.
To survive, they, the profit takers must
work out their'own salvation in order.to fulfil the
tt
theory of the survival of the fittest.' Thc profit
makers/i.e.; the working class, did not figure in
their deliberations, and they in like, manner, have
the truth forced upon them that they must study
the way out of the difficulty, hence the growing discontent noticeable throughout .the. world. Production has been socialized but distribution still is in-
THE CANADIAN BANK
V:OF COMMERCE?
SIR-EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L, President ':.
' .   "'      ,,  ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager     ,7        ■''»-.
CAPITAL,- $10,000,000
REST, -,$7,000,000
THE SAVINGS BANK/DEPARTMENT
of,The Canadian Bank of Commerce will receive deposits.bf $i and;
upwards, on which interest is allowed at-current rates. "There is^ no'
delay in Withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit.    Small '
deposits are welcomed. ,_'*'- .»„■ ;   "   .   '-     234 '
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons, to be .
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor. A joint account'
of this, kind saves expense in establishing the'ownership of the money
after death, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death. * .
FERNIE   BRANCH. L.  A.  S'..d'aCK,   Manager.
®^®*®^®3©^©®ca®«»iSW©<©,_ai©a3>g2S.©_.'32MSMR'^l&^
_S!
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.   AGNEW & CO., ELKO
$
A
is
«
.**■_
t*v
CONCRETEBLOCK
COTTAGES
Chimney   Blocks
4 in. SEWER PIPES
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Prices
W.        M„    DICKEN/
, How About that  Drain?
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
by local amplications, aB they cannot reach tho dls-
c.t&___ portion ol the car. 'there Is only one way to
cure dullness, nnd that Is by constitutional remedies.
_o;itnes3 la cauBed by an In lb med condition of the
mucous, lining ol tbe Eustachian Tube. Vi'licu this
tube Is Inflamed you have a rumbling sound or Imperfect henrlnf., and when It Is entirely closed. Deafness Is the result, and unless the Inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to Its normal condition, hearing will be destroyed forever: nine cases
out,of ten arc caused by Catarrh, which Is nothing
but an Inflamed condition of thc mucous Burfa.es.
Wo will Rive Ono Hundred Dollars for any case ol
Deafness icaused by catarrh) that cannot be.cured
by Hall's Catarrh Cure. iScnd Ior circulars, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo. 0.
Sold by Drusr_.li.t8. 76c,   . .\
Tate Hall's Family'Pills for constlpatloi.
tlividualistic-with-all.{s-concbitii'taiit-cv-ils-v.'cighing-
dowii upon the majority .of...the producers..    ,To
anathematize*the individual capitalist for the existing state of affairs is the .height'.'of folly as he is
simply the-victim of [environment, but to close one's
eyes and become apathetic is'an'evidence of crass
■stupidity on the part of those'whose very existence
is menaced. ■ ,,. -„-l%<   .    . *
-••Piffling reforms no -matter!.how wbll intended
they may be, soup kitchens and emigration will not
solve the problem but rather tend to prolong the
misery; even though; in."-individual.instances they
■may effect a slight mitigation.';"  **'
-■  If '..a starving dog without',,the city, gate'• -proclaims the downfall of the state,''-.what may we expect when thc arm ow cotton operatives,(only a
fraction of that.ever increasing array.o£.unemployed) are threatened with three-months of idleness
with all that follow.in'its''train pf ;staH';ation,,,8mr
cidc, want, prostitution and the many, other evils bo.
numerous.,to-day that the stoutest stands appalled
as,to*what will.be tlie outcome.^ ......
To attempt to gloss it'over'wjll'not--avail, but
instead let each :and every one :give "the subject attention with an honest intent of. doing,life or_,W
part to remedy the evils'of society's maladministrations, this can be faccomplishcd-*by"8triking at
tho root of the evil, ljut to;'grasp*the|fi\ll significance, study ib essential .and,they, to whom this is
imperative are tho slowest to flct-and-'yet tliey are
awakening, this betokens hope foF the, future even
though thoi path bo strewn with h'iimoii ..shipwrecks
'.who have gone down victims of tho "'•■juggernaut
Capitalism.
I
ARBITRATION IS NOT A QUESTION
N tho liiHt week's issue of our eo-lcm the orron-
aoiiH stafoiiHiiit Hint at llu> ennfcreiir-o held in
Cnlgary between llio representatives of District IS
I J. M. VY. of A. nnd of the Western Conl Open, torn'
AnKoi-iutinii Hint "Tlmy (tlin minors) refused t*>
iii'liitniln the mutter of 'open' or 'i-lowd' shops.M
This is without the shadow of a found.)!.on, us
ii rliit ration nf this or any other quest inn litis not
been mentioned hy either party, furlliormiire, lo do
mi ut this Hlujre <if the game would he pi-unlly villi on-
hums as il would be for a customer who had wares
to dispose of culling in nn arbitrator to decide u
question of the prico_of a given article.
It is true that an impasse wns reached, but when
, ,. i       .. i ._. _ i _ii.._;,.__ ,„__.  the deliberations nro resumed next Monday lot, us
pi*r1iii!*H otliei's mnv be saved tlie Imimliiilion anil , ,    , . ■■       .7.
,. ,     .     , , *. i _„____._______.<  _l.,__. 1,__..__ I lit*.].**'  Ulili   llll-lt*  l-luUll-hri JiiliiUI-g  in ll bllllNilllMory
discomfort of learning when too late tlmt tlioy lmve     .'it. '      ,,,,",,..     ,  .
Miiuluui may nc i*t*adu;i., oui tnir-i Unit vynutcviji*
transpires that tlio press will stnto tho facts nnd
not attempt to cloud the minds of Iheir renders by
misrepresentation or distortion.    Those wbo live in
This  trademark   sta'nds «
for all-that JSj.bcst   and
purest in family remedies.
There are  no .'secrets "about
Nyal's Wined ies—no imoo.  .
sibie "cure-alls.'.'.   The trade
marie stands . for, open   nnd-,,
square dealing..,/,7 „'
'.'Nyal*Remedies mean no uiys-'-
' teripus .noitriwiiy *bu't''pine'*'
' ingredientB-rom*j!jbr:rJdfd witli
scientific accuracy.'        '' ''"'
. There's a N*yal.,.r.. medy ,fpr.
-every, ordinary, 'fiilinent—rvery i
similar,• to  wh-it, .your  own
physician would prescribe.*   '•■■
Wc know the formula, of all
,.'Nyal'« Remedies'--- know ex-'
jiptly what's iu  tbem — you
.njay know arid your doctor
can know too! "That's why we
cheerfully mrecommend , them.
tee bur «/wi*S?3     **u
until t
* ttUrrc
lioii-
Sol-J nnd fuW-Btefd by
beon basely deceived.
Wo realize that tin* depression tlmt exists
tliniiufhoiit Kurope, and is more pnrtieulnrly pro-
niiiiiiced in the United |\in?_.ih-iii compels iniuiy ltn-
rertniii us to Die future to look i'or some oilier country to escape lo in order to avert tin1* possible cnlnm-
ily, hence their mind's lire in n receptive state to
swallow the fairy slories of the smooth-tongued
ii','eiit.     An jibstriiel mnilysis bin-hod up by a fat
liltli I* IM' i oillil  i'i lilt i li,!",** «iole lin-lil'H rei-IV,.. .nil, ullt
ji cuni-rote cuiitemplntiim of ii 1'nsf ■■■-Muini-.hiiu-* •*•■".-
(■In .ji11■ r and no signs of r.-iMHin'r*i1ivo eoplnyment
often impeU one to '-ipeedy notion without
thought of •'jiuripintfoiiJ of tli«- fryiio/ pan into flie
fir.'.0
,.,'n.   iiim I,, 1*11.111 iVn XW,   »»[>.ivVi    in.1.   iiiiMi.*ii*i   nVln'i'i   *ili'iii
tlm nmount receive-**! by the miners is by no means
commensuriite to the risks incurred, and almost
overyone will nokno\vlcd|_;e (hat lliey would not be
liny conl mined if they liad to do it themselves. In
\ the vast m;i jorify of eases the mon-To* .tver;i y .virn-
iiif: of ihe past year nro finite insul'ficieiit to supply
„ fuliiil..   s. iiii .ui,, lliilil. tliolr llliili lhe lmre-il liee.'v
varies. !i
Tl.ere 'is ,-i i-i.ini beyond   .•.....-i.    forchciiranee
••iif-e.-. to In- a \ iriue, and to nrbihate under sileb
_<i... . *.r, ■.-■ (..mid be tbo veri.-,t n)'huiiibiiif.
orefeel
Chafed p^-ac€S*
■ -B.MS.TE-:ftS_iB.£?.
.•1.-0 your feet, hot,
sore and blistered?
If so, try Z_m Buk.
As soon as
Zam-Buk is applied
it cools and 600thcs
injured smartlr.3;
skin and tissue.
Its rich, refined
herbal   essences
penetrato the skin;
its antiseptic pro* / ^ ;•,..
pertlcs prevent all \,J\y'y
danger of festering MJ#!gJ!
or inflammation
from win or tor**, •
and iti  heating   -Mtonct    VrV
W) i (.p oto* ,'h.dft.t)* thxioi.     tp
For ittns.-., sunburn, cuti,    .
burnt, bruliei, etc.*-Just a*   ',
effertlvo.
Molticn (\ni It hwtluftbla for \
buby'i norest :
■>*! lirvwMi «■*_.* Slum- He,
• CLUB   -
Cigar Store
W.A.INGRAM'
Wholesale' and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths '
_    '       ■ ' .       _
Shoe Shine
Bowling, Alleys
Billiards and Pool  ■
Coffee and Sandwich
* Counter  '..
Hazelwood Buttermilk
-.!-.' I,
'.';,.Victoria.Avenue. .:  .1
FERNIE. B.cr"; fhone;34"
*i:l*!lv
*.•<:•»
at
25 Gents
J.D
here "should be something more than more
quality of material in the "value of your,
spring suit and the,effect most desired is
obtained only by. proper tailoring.    Look
for the well moulded shoulder, the lapel
that has the shareholding quality, tho collar that clings,
the back that is roomy but still conforms "to the figure,
r and most important, fronts that hang in the proper po-'
sition whether buttoned or not.    These- are some of
.the essentials to a good appearing suit, all others we
. can supply from our now well assorted stock.
The prices are within reach of all, ranging from-
$16.50 to $35.00
In all oiir-bettersuits' there is only one of each style.
These suits we show in a variety of materials and the
best coloring for the. coming season. Sizes from 32 to
44 bust      • *
„ Jtist  Opened
.■*_*'^j. *.^* *
Another lot, of dainty whitewear, a.nice assortment of
tailored waists in white and colors. 7 A . big  range of
curtain materials in Madrass, Nets, Scrims-rand* Swiss
'Muslins in the nattiest designs arid colorings.;.:'
TRITEIE^WpODnpd;
Limited
IFYOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing: but the Sett In Frcah
and   Smoked   Meats.   Fresh   and
. .:  , .   -     * I '    ' i "I"- *1     '.      ,1        ■ »■-'-*-,I ■.,'._..•'
Smoked, Fish,;'Dairy Produc*, Poultry-
•ptc. ,i;Etc., '.jBro"'to,.\ a'i''"'1:
•_ .•(',
L.J
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
-,,   :,[.,     ,       . * .,.',', ....     1- •  •  •       ,      \.\   ■   , .......
         n      ■   ,    ,     , ... , , , r
6AM GRAHAM, M»n«o«r
PHONE 41
C.E:iEYONS
' ■ ■     ,, ' ■ i K11 ' ...... ^ , ^
. . * , ' ■    . "     .   ■"."    ' '   " "
Insurance, Real Estate
*,..,■'•' '    . ■ "■
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
JEFF
The Jeweler—That's All
Right on the comer
MWKt
*ft-l«it.-m HftMfi-H      II
Hardware     Furniture
Elnctrlc Ll(.ht«d "
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE, B.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. 8. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
VIot and Cold Water L, A.  Mill***, ManiQtr
f *q^ ^faj* 09_M^ eo* wp *tt&&^tHaa&4R*^&'Q&4&n&i&40G&(&4ff&G&4&iiQ %£}tf^
LEDGER ADS PAY THE DISTRICT LED_ER', FERNIE, B. C, MAROH 11, 1911.
PAGE FIVE
_»* >f
^'V
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♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦"♦ ♦ o- ♦ ■♦ ♦ *•
♦ • /'■    '" ■ .    *••*■
♦ .    .   COAL  CREEK   BY   174 _►
♦ .   '• ■■» i , 7   ♦
.♦•>♦♦♦♦•♦:•»♦♦♦♦•>.
♦ We are pleased to report that. Mrs.
D.' Martin was'able to return to her
homo from the hospital last Thursday,
and although far from being strong,
she has made appreciable improvement considering the serious nature'
of her sickness.
- As Fred- Birchell was leaving the
club premises last Thursday night he
slipped odown on the ice outsldo and
broke a small bone in his ankle. * He
was assisted (o the hospital on the
midnight  train.
Mrs. Robt. Ewing left here last Saturday for a trip to her old home in
Scotland. **-    •
. Mr, J. Scott left here thiB week for
Strathmore, Alberta.
Mr. Mutz, of the Fort Steele Browing Company paid a visit to the ciub
on Monday afternoon last.
Bob McPherson, of Michel," introduced his electric alarm clock up here
last Thursday. This is certainly an
alarming period in ' more sense than
one. x =....
■ Ou Wednesday afternoon,'. James
Blakemore, employed as a. driver in
- No.   1  north,  was  returning to   the
* stable with his horse after working
his* shift when another horse and di'ly-
■ er  attempted  to " pass  him.  coming
,  down the narrow _V>ad, the result being   that  young IVakemor'e  and  his
horse were knocked over the hillside
„and the horse fell on him."    When he
had been-extricated from his precar-*
ious position it, was found that ,his
right ankle had been dislocated and
he, was* removed to the Fernie Hospital by ..the 3.45 train.
.,** District President Powell and Secretary Carter wero up here in connection with loqal grievances on Thurs-
, day. •
■ There were three accidents within
one hour up here last Saturday night,
but fortunately none of a ^very ser-.
,   ious nature. '
. Joined the water wagon.at 12.30, on
"   the 13th.     Still on'"It, and she's'going
with. easy. grace. (Guess you'll want,
"-"""■■■a—rope-for~tO;nlBht**=17th) ■: ■*.
f*> ♦.-•> ♦ ♦ ♦.*«► ♦♦♦♦••»
COLEMAN by .22.
■ ■■<■ .y. '■  ' ♦
•♦> & •»>♦•<?_ ^•^ ♦ ♦ •••>
<__ ^S>S®5E>«iS3^^^^®3t_»sa5BC3!^>^S»i^SS®s_j><__5<©
• **************************
♦ ♦'■
LILLE
Dominico Di Glullo, still'cbnflne'dTn
the"Lille Hospital ,o,wing..ta*i-inju"_*ieB-
cauB by. falling down the main chute,
is progressing favorably,. -;j  <^j ?■;•„!,■ '•
Much .^disappointment was occasioned to iho rink society, a masquerade
skating* carnival buying been arranged
for 1st Saturday for. which a fair,amount had been subscribed for prizes,
but owing to eccentricities .(if-the
weather, the ice was not in suitable
conditio1", for, the long lookod for event
to take place. .   ; • . 7
i .■•-  ... *. ■■*• »«-i*./.*- »■ ,'
A danp is being held at'the-Lille
Hotel In,,commemoration of Saint Pat-
rick bn.Friday, 17.th..*when no doubt
a goodly'number will avail th-nneelvti.
of this opportunity of Indulging In the
light fantastic, a privilege thftt'the residents of Lille don't got very*often owing to its geographical position,
The mine at present • Is working
steadily, the miners being anxious to'
-work all they poaslbly can tbis month
ns tho prospects of a settlement of
the new agreement do not look very.
bright.'- ■■-    •,       , ■'•.
Mr. Stubbs and Mr. Jones addressed
n mooting of tlio miners at tho Lille
Miners' Hall on Tuosday night, ,  "
O   '   ■
,**•*'    .
<*>.4>
'70n Saturday last Clark's moving
picture l>ills announced that the Fra'zer
Cup1 weald, be presented jto the champions of tho Crow's Nest Hockey League and you can rest assured that the
crowd was cn hand .to participate in
the stirring event. "Mayor Cameron
occupied the chair and exprssed himself as highly pleased with the opportunity afforded him of congratulating
the boys on their achievements. -He
mentioned the'fact of'three cups being'held at the present time by Coleman nnd hoped .that they would, retain them and also spoke about another cups being put up for outdoor
sports this season which likewise
might be,added to the rest as a tribute
to the excellence of Colemanlles in
healthy sport.
, Captain Gresack was invited to the
platform to receive the* prize but he
did not show the same alertness that
he displayed on the rink, and- so Mr.
Lyons presented it to the manager of
the team, Percy Willmott, accompanied by the wish that success would attend their efforts in the future..
* Mr. Willmott made a fitting reply.
Mr. Clarlt. then gave his exhibition,
which was greatly, enjoyed,' likewise
he placed in full, view of the audience
an enameled cup valued, so he stated
at $1,000 to he presented tb the person who could catch one of the cowboys, on the picture.
Reggie James was successful in passing his examination at Frank,, Good
luck.       .
Friday morning when all good people were nestled neath the bed clothes
tliat ought to be there, the firebell
aroused them from their peaceful
slumbers, when it was .discovered that
a house in West Coleman.was supplying fuel to the burning* element, .fifteen minutes after it started it was
completely burnt to the ground. Luckily the wind was in the right direction,
but had it been otherwise there might
be a" different story to fellas the hydrants in that locality are conspicuous
by their absence. As this Is a part of
the incorporated city we hope .the
Council will make-haste, to remedj-*
this defection.    • -.   "•'
' We regret to report that Jont. Graham, sec. of the Co-Op. "and also of
the Coleman Football Club;* is at present lying in the hospital as-the result
of a terrific kick from'a horse. To
,make* matters worse the fractures are
_c_los_____tpJ_ is^a^cXn_aUp_n_j_nar_k^s,,at__pr_e-
sent ;in-'-the*.*:healing .state.    *) 7,
The examination of the St. John
Ambulance class will take place on
tho. 24th of this month. •
V* A" 'good'- representative gathering of
the Co-Op.' shareholders attending a
half:yearly.^meeting,pf ...the. society ,in.
'the'Opera House-on Monday.' Mr. F.
Leary. ■president, occupied' the chair,
and.called upon,.the.manager,-*to readt
tho'1, balance" sheet, which showed an
appreciable profit oyer last half year's
business: which s*p*eaks , louder,*;" than
woras ih commendation of the management of officials and men. The trade
returns for the past bJx months exceed
efl-'B-O.OOO1 'dollars, arid' lt wna'Vd'com-
rnonded that the sum of-,|l,50r0 be.plac-
ofl .ri'a'roservo fund for the purpose
of .■"(■meeting* the ■ obligation's' of* those
having shnros;who haye lett-:*|own
or those agofost whom thon}. are debts
contracted tbat likewise have shares
against -syhlch the debts can bexhnrg-
i'[..7.*rhis.e6urs*,_ wns appro™***., ot .by
thb shdfoho.dors. The usual dividend
of G per cent on all purchases and
8 per cent on*shares was'declared.
F;-Leary-was re-elected president'and'
Jont Graham secretary. Committee:
W.'Hayson, T. Haines; O.'North,' P.
Kane, M,, Brernmner, ., ., *
I The Week's News for
I     ' jf*9* _F™^
ign
61.
To
•^i©;®C"*-5®<©t_S«£.4-"*-£e"><©.^
A
*
Xr
*
i X**f¥¥^^^^^^^^^^p^^^V4**¥-¥^*>
- The-editor*is not. * responsible for
articles that are sent in.
Letters
*.    The Editor
BLAZNI   SISTEM.
— Parletni otrok milionarja Vinson
Walsh McLeana v Cincinnati ze pose-
duje krasnal in dragaceiii avtomobil, ki
je nalas6 zanj izdelan.'
— V Brooklynu je pred par dnevl
umrla vsled gladu Mrs. P. Sidel in
njen mali rojencek ravno tnko." Njen
mo?., delavec, leZinapol izstradan y
Javnli. bolnisnici. Bil jo celo zimb
brez dela in zastonj je bil njegov nit-
por, da bi ga dobil, dokler nl konCno
omagal.
— Casopis "Despatch" v Columbusu,
6., poroca, da sta pred kratkim priSla
v tamo§njo kaznilnico dva obsojenca:
bancnl uradnik, kteri *'je poneveril oz-
irbma ukradel $200,000'in navadnl delavec,- kteri je' ukradel jedno klobasp,
kl nl bila vredna deset ce.nto'v. 7s
klero si je potolaJil veCdnevni glad.
BanCnega uradnika, kteri je ukradel
dvestotisoc dolarjev, so v* kaznilnicl
posadili za pisalno mizo, kjer se po-
Casi igra s peresom; a delavca, kteri
je ukradel desefcentn'o klobaso so pa
pognali na dvorisce tolc kamenje,
"—^ belavec Byron Argensinger v
Jacksonu, Mich., se ie od 1, 1905 toil
z ondotno Commonwealth Power-kom-
panijo,; pri. kteri je bll prej vposlen
in,kjer ga je str.ojpolomil, da ni-vefi
zmoiSen za nobeno delo. • NiZje sodi-
25e mu'je prisodilo $10,000odskodnine.
Kompanija je pa apelirala na vrbovno
sodi§5e v drZav.I in pravkar izreCen
koncni razsodek se glasi, da poliabl-
jeni Argensinger ne — zasluzi nobene
odskodnine! O, yes — !sodhikl so
so zelo naklonjeni delavcem! Nauk:
Delavci naj _izvolijo svoje sodnike.
,1
Fernie, B. C.,
March 10, 1911.
C'est done que l'assainissement d'une ville serait bien imparfaite, si on
s'en   tenait  a   la   auestion   purement' .   ,
publique. .«I.e danger n'est pas dis-jTo the Editor* D-stnct Ledger:
paru loraqu'on a enleve les i'mmondi-17 Dear    Sir-As 'there    are    many
ces des rues; qu'on les a includes; i «»™»Shout District IS who'are from
il restc encore celui de' l'empoisonne-'the South ^aloB,mining district, peo
ment de l'air par les. habitations in-
mit me to quote a' few extracts from a
letter recently received from a friend
of mine on the spot which should be
| of interest tb many of your readers.
|    "The Cambrian  dispute is still on
| with no sign of settlement, ■ This is
fectes, * vdritables foyer de maux de
toutes sortes, non seulement' pour
ceux qui l'habltent, mais encore pour
tous ceux qui vlvent dans ce voisinage
malsaln.—"La Presse," lnndi, 6 Mars.,      ..      ,, ,    ,.      ....,.,„..
(Ed.-Ce n'est pas seulement dans ^ lng ^>o organization £30,000 ($150-
(Hini   niiv mnTiTti *Tlin mnn  urn ,l_>lim-r-
la ville d'Ollnwa qu'on doit faire une
enquete sur les causes des epidemies
diverses c-ipendant la^cause des, causes
est 1'lgnorance'du' peuple et quand
nous rgalisons que les remedes dont
on se sert quoique - fourni'ssant des
alleviations transitoires, sont ineffi-
caees pour gu<. rir les maux de 1'humah-
ite sous le systeme, qui domine le
monde aujour'dhui au lieu de ne hitter que contre les effets nous atta-
querons , la cause fondamentale—le
capitalisme.   '
LES  SOCIALISTES
EN   ALLEMANGE
Mayor Gaynor w raes'azu swonn do
aldermanow chwali sie- ze za jego rza-
dow policya dalego lepiej, obchodzi
sie' z . publicznoscia: nie aresztuje za
byle co, ani'tez bez.dowiedzeni'a przes-
tepstwa nie pa kuje fotografii pode-
jrzanych do galeryi zbrodniarzy.jak to
sie praktykowalb dawniej.' Dalej' Gaynor zaleca poltcyi,. aby jak riajrzad-
ziej uzywala.palki 1 .bez konlecziiej
potrzeby nie pladrowala po prywat-
nych mieszkaniach.,. Bai-dzo ciekawy
Jest, ustep, przyznajacy otwarcie, iz
czerwohy^—sztandar—ma—taka—^sama*;
racye do szacunku jak i, gwiazdzisty,
a socyalistom naleza sie takie same
wzgledy jak, i ,lnnym, -wjielkim partyom
poiitycznym.
Z;tego okazuje sle, iz Gaynor chce
bye ' przyzw'oltym""adminls'Satbrem"'" i
-chce aby jego podwladpl dzlalali jako
ucywillzowanl utze'(li'ni'cy,'—' ale nie
trzeba zapomlnac, Iz Gaynor jest sluga
'kapltalistow i,;, zft.-pijzy sposobnoscj;k'll-
kustraj kow rbbll wszystkb mozllwe,
'nze, by rbhotn.Iiry,. wy,s*sll.,z proznemt
irekaml;---'-d'osyo-. przypomnlec soble*
strajk .szwaczeli;, lub^pracuja'cych.' ,w
©xpresacb.,, _>.._..„.-.„. •.--•■-*■ •■■ - --
- A Berlin, les gouyernements s'inqui-
etent, et non sans raison, des progres
du socialisme parmi la jeunesse et
meme dans l'armee.
S'il faut en.croire la "Post," de Berlin il y'aurait a l'heure qu'il .est" 875
organisations socialistes" comptant 50
mille jeunes gens et distribuant an-
nuellement plus d'un demi-million de
llbelles antimilitaristes a ses membres.
Naturellement, le ministre de la guer-
ge dedans l'armee. C'est ainsi qu'il
vient d'envoyer aux * commandants
superieurs l'ordre teldgraphique d'in-
tenter, des poursuites, contre les per-*
sonnes qui sont soupconnees d'ayoir
fait repandre les pamphlets antimilitaristes r<§cemment distribuds aux sbl-
dats du' 14e' et 15e cbrpf ^d'arm-Se.
;: L'ACTION  COOPERATIVE
SHEEP COMMI8ION COMING
Government commission consisting
of Messrs, Fitch and Dryden has.been
appointed to Investigate the sheep
quoiitlon In the western provinces, and
will,, visit,, various points. Maple
Creek, March 2G; the week folowlng
will he spent In Alborta, reaching II.
Columbia tho Inttor pnrt of April,
\, * ** "l*.*!"- .',,+* ■ j*-A,
■***.u«*^.*,.'pi • ■'
THE   TEPEE
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
■•■•;. LA   FIEVRE   TYPHOIDE
*»■ -
On a r6solu d'lnstltuer une enquete
surr;les causes,de l'-Jpld-imle de ty-
pholde qui sevlt a Ottawn depuis que 1-
que;;tcmps, 'll est cntendu quo l'on
ferajeptte enquete sur toutes les causes /possibles de la mnlndie, en com-
mencant par les plus proches, jusqu'a
celles plus clolgn-^es. SI c'est une
entreprlse sdrleuso, louable, e'en est
uno' aussi tres Jongue.-.tres difficile.
Jusqu'lcl, on n'a flombl-5!=B'pn ten It, qu'a
la"thftuvaiso quallt6;dc Veau ct rfu lalt.
Ne so conflnorn-t'-on pit's -encore.,trop
dmis ,ces limltes/ a'*Ottawa* ! ':* Les
causes de la ty(ihbldd';\ .cornnie d'dll-
leurs/de toutes les nu'tfes mnlndles
contagleuses, peuvont otro multiples;
et, do'fnlt, olios nous paralssont Incal-
culablen, pulyqu'ellos tlennont a toutes
]es clrconstances du climat, de sa var-
IM, do la naturo do l'fillmentatlon, do
notro plus ou moins grande nctlvlto,
do rtiyglono porsonnelle ou publique,
do ln yoirlo, des -igouti de la plus ou
moins' grnnde Balubrlto des mnlBonw
d'habltatlon.'dc nos habitudes dc bolro
ou do mnngor, do notro pnidonco on
tout, do noB (llspoHltlons physlqucH ou
momoB mornlon, onfln, do tout co qui
toucho do pros ou do loin n la constitution hitmnlno,
Mnls, II y a dos causes plus tllrr-ctos
plus vlolctitos, jihiH giinonilcmcMit. ro-
pniidiios, n l'-Spldtfrnlo do la typholilo;
(l'mitrea nonl piiromont localcn, Hlrtf.it*
lloros, nccldentelloB,     Cent, pourquoi
11   OHt   Hi   (llfflcllO,   ihlllH   tOUH   1('H   1,'llH
il'dplildmlps, ilo rpmontor a In Hourro
v6iilnblo du mill. Souvent, on on rosto
mix conjcctiiroB, loi'Hqu'on ii'iicciiko jinn
a tort, toi on tol nllmont, (ol ou toi
B-m-vlfp, tollo on telle condition d'or-lre
public on prlvi*.
Pour notro pint, noun croyoim quo
leu conditions hygloiilquoH ot hhiiKii-
i'I-oh, die/, iiouh, on deplt du fnlt (|ii'-
clk'9 hoiU Infilllin«iit mcllloiirr-B qu'
L'actlbn icoopi5rative . pousse . les'
hommes meme s'ils'ont*la.faibiesse de
ne pas s'aimer, ou de se detester les
J_Dr_:_e___.a^co_ilabor_e_^a__,sLonJraiderj__e.t_a.
s'enianciper;, ensemble'"."dans un "effort
continu et v'aste... .comme l'humanltg,
comme l'Eternit^. :        ,v *
Collaboration; ■.d'abprd^.econbmique
puis, intellectublle, puis '.niorale" et qui
•ddte-rmine de proch'e^eft-;iroche. entre
tous'les anneaux de la "clfaine humaine
un sens,social profitable,,a chacun et
a tous et grace aiiquei les douleurs et
,les jbles, les avant'ag'e's et, les m6-
comptes devlennent conhus et.credent
une mentality, uno serislblitd commu-.
Ves-et profon'dement humaines, qui
tait vlbrer,i;les" Indlvldug". "[ . '"
-■Les:mineurs de Glen Ayr',, Ind., bo
Bont mis en grevo contre* le Magaslh
do Compagnie, juste au -.moment ou.
l'on ne truvail|altflu'un}-.-{Mi.<loux'Jours
par semnino.,!' Le-patron-pour, at nxo-
quer d'eux est aiid fnirc un voyage.pn,
Europe. . '  ,.
Los mineurs' debugger,' Ind., ont
dtabll ,un Storo Coopdratlfet* durante
cea dcrnlcrs.trois1'mols lour vente'a'
• •  -.,■*.'■
000) per month. The men are debarred from getting work in the other collieries. The miners are paying levies
to the amount of 3s., per month extra
so i that the funds of the Federation
may not be drained too fast. The
strike has now lasted over five months
and already, the gigantic sum of JC150,-
000 ($750,000) paid out should be a
convincing reply to those who stupidly
assert that the Federation is" not of
much value because if it were not for
the unity of the men they would have
been compelled to acept a price list
which at best would have1 meant a
starvation wage and later, as history
proves conclusively, others would have
been disastrously affected.
Personally I believe it would have
been better if all had come out together until a" reasonable price list had
been obtained.
Another proof of the identity of interests between workers and masters
is the fact that one of the leaders of
the strike was brought up on two
charges for intimidation and fined £10
($50) or two month in "chokey";
the fine and costs,,inclusive amounted
to £30 ($150) and was paid by "the
organization.
I hope that your pending negotiations may turn out favorably for the
miners." -.   '     '
From the above you can understand
that the struggle for better conditions is world-wide,, and ave V.ay expect it lo contnue for years to.come
rV the workng class are gradually becoming more enlightened, even tbouRh
it may seem slow to some of us 'it is
nevertheless increasing and as it does
wo may expect the discontent will
,gr'ow_flpae'ev
Fernie to
London
by Kail and Bout First Class
account oi'
Coronation
Full particulars at Local Office
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Served,0l
every "day from 9 a.m. to 11 p?m.
Pork and Beans Saturday
SHIP & MacKENZIE
Storo Phono 123 Houso Phone ISO
Ledger Ads Pay
mj^^SSSSSS^^^S53SSESSl!SSSESS^^i
_
T.
_?*»
s
UNDERTAKER
and
El¥-JBAL!V?ER
Coleman
Alta.
ig»tfmai^>mm\v.»4^t>m\iaM<v*mMii^m
Coleman
-Thanking you for'the courtsey,
I, am, Dear Slr,:- -..■•.
Yours truly,.   ..,   fl
■    CLYDACH VALE,
Wm_ Murr
Prop.
I sun agent for
"The; Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of wliich one
trial is all that,is needed
to prove its -worth. ,
Try "CREMO" a breakfast food that is a,food
W. G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest'    -    Alta,
JONES
THI*:   POPULAR  J1AKER
Coleman
'WHOLESALE   AND   RETAIL
DEALER
Special arrangements for
- - Parties,   etc
Order your Clirimtnini. Coke early
Apply   for   Price   List
Bread and' Cake*,  shipped on the
* Local for Eastern Camps
monto a environ- J5.000._
cavalieri. dmndustria:;
Stlnno In, tgfClardliv'l. Invoj-fttori. flpnrnl
por 1'America 'contro. l.,spg«ontl, cava-
llevrl'd'Industrrti."'-. .TJh.o rlBpondo al
nome di John" Salanco, dl profoBBloh*
cuoco o ladro, Quoefo tlpo dopo aver
porcoplto diinuro dal .-pennloniintt che
nvevri laeclo Cle Eluro""p'er,-'Hiogbl' a
nol Bconosclutl,' laBclniidC". M00 o plu
....dl rlcordo della su'ii'pbrmnneritn
fra nol,
Oil nltrl duo I cui nomt morltano
dl flguraro a cnrattorl norl, accanto a
quollo dol, Salanco, aono" Piirgritorlo
dotto Torroro 6 F. nnrtolottl BoVvcrBlvl
cd Imbrogllonl che incnt.ro*' propaKtv
vnno contro lo Bfrutthmonto n6n si
porltavnno dl Bpogllnro II prbBRlmo bo
avoBBoro potuto boUo II fulgldo man*
tollo doll'nnarchln. Stlnno ilunquo
cogll occhl npcrtl I compagni ileH'eat
Bpeclalmonlo,
T1KTTASHA A DRONini,
nniXAROM*. & DisoNini,
'■-,''■        • NewrMichel, -   '■
; *     , ....  ,-,May.„ 18„, 1911.
Editor, District Ledger, Pernie, B. C.
-Dear  Sir,—Kindly publish  the enclosed letter, on behalf of the Michel
Board.of Trade.  (    .   .. ; ..  - ,■•,:
, Thanking you for the space,,.   ,   ,
*';'I remain; yours, etct, .'
,, The .Michel. Board of Trade
'■ " per A. KENNEDY, *
'...      ' Secretary,
PITT8BURGT ~ YE8I7
Tbo Editor, Michel, Reporter-. ■:'■•> ■"■
, .'In regard to a certain editorial pub-,
llshcd, in your. Issue' of March Ilth,
In which you make an effort to criticize tho* action of the.Michel Board
of Trade and in which it Ib considered
thero is personal malice on your part,
wc desire to refute each and every
statement which you have made therein. ...„•■'
"In tho first plnco you make a etnte-
ment, thnt for months there could not
be* a auorum.-got together, ,t;hU ifl «n
absolute falsehood an, can be proved
by the record* In tbe Secretary's
booki.
"Then,you go on nnd tay some.mom-
bore got tired turning out to .attend
.meetings, owing to absence of''Incapacity of fiomo nf the Trlnlr.lj* hicetlnM
hnd ben. cancelled, As beforo stated
our records Bhow there were no cancelled meetings unlosa ItwaB unnvoldablo
through Bovero weather: 'such conditions.wo submit are liable to nrtRo and
Is a circumstance over which we have
no control.
"Tho members to whom yon refer
nn being tired of turning out nro those
.who **.*.'oii]d not attend any nicotians
* (Continued on pnge .8)
LA FADRICA MARINARO
Una grnnde fnbrlrn dl Mncclioronl
nol Westprn Cniiiidii In Fornio, 11. 0„
si fnbrlcnno nincciirmil ilj prlmlflHimn
iltinllln Biiporlorl nll'lm portnto, ilovo*
tu pruvnrli per <.n*di'ii.l I proprloiiir!
dolla (iopriidcUn fabrlcn no nono I
frnlelll Mnrlnnro tfonlo csportl mar-
rnronrl vonull, proprio dn Nnpoll dove
I  innccnronl  nono nrlRlnntl  11  twda
New Michel
& Blairmore
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP    ,:. -:
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
no Bono rnbrlcnntl nwlio nolln I'ensll*
nutrcfoU, ct qu'on y porto «lnvantnj.e j vunln, e I loro maccnronl Hono connclutl
ntlontlon tous los Jours, sotil piicoro | per tutti i stntl uniti nl o Inutllo don.
men  iniimria»ic»3.     Sihib  iiouiu cjiio j crlvoro In loro liiBiipcrnlitlo onpcrloii-
Yiud du  Si  L.'j;;.'.'.'  il  di:  }'t,'liio\.'*jiu il (uuiiw til  t..i.Ut. ud _ui.__..ii.__t*-
R. FAIRCLOUGH, Pro?ri°tor
COAL CREEK, B. C.
n'ont pns ln j-nrcto d'un pro-lull do
Inbor'itoiro* snns doutf quo lo Inlt
qu'on llvro a la (-omuimmatlon iiouh
nrilvo dnns un etnt d-^plornbla; snns
doute que les Sfrvlrrs unhllf-i ftfint
moins quo pnrfnlts. Mnls In ne dolt
pnB s'nrrotor renquotc, C'esl dims
In fourmllloro dos linbltntlons don
vllles ot dog fnu bail res quo lo dnnger
pxlRln conslnnt; rVst In qu'n Hon h
riiltiiro IntctiMlvo dew nilcrohi'S do ton*
les tiortoi*. VZt qui dnns une grnndo
vllle (.(iiiniip Mnnirpiil.  per  r-vcniplo.
mm nuovvn, fnbrlrn nnl Canada o
stato prlmn dl lutto por Innnlznro 11
nomo Itnllnno soi-onto dl fnro un Iipiip
nl conno-clonnll dl fnrll mnnlcnro robba
tro*r-n o lfvnrp riiif-nnvonlPtitP rll nenrp
inblin Yoccldn cd nspettnre, clio von*
Ikro dnll'llnlln lultn sfumntn mn fnv-
orlrlll non sollo, In qunllta mn nnrhp
In pi-pzzl pprrlo sIpIo tulf.f progntl <ll
dnmandnro nl voe.tro noi:o?lnntp dove
fnro In npprn cho vl fornlsncro dl xtnt-
tn lornlp iIpIIb rlnonmln Coliimliln Mar-
(vnuil   I'.'iclory   KpiiiIp,   Il   C„   oitnl
pnssnnt sur ln 1lnlrr-n du irottolr, n'n Jrn**t«,itn dHIn nnxtrndilta fnbrlrn por-
Iiii.. t'iv. «u(hh|Ui. pur li-H li.i.iitf-.-H il'nir | iti unii iictiftin tnllu rlsppttnliJIf- Iin-
j f'i*ipfht«>. ptiani | n rrnntw, <ifopiirnnt,
Immondp memo, qui vo d/*?ai.(tit do*
, !.'->il''tni.om*t mnl  tpriup*.  mnJ  n-'r_*»,
((troiillhint.t il'tiiili||i,rit(i n»|,n, «>t dont
pli-run n*nlo D'ltnllu notto II nomo di
Ilovjil llrnml tbo vuol dlro ware. UoaXo
p'f if (ilruro rhp **l nnra fornlfo In vorn -
i)i.n(n I'Malh tYw "1 "i-fnt-p In luMl I ne-|
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS* HALL
To-morrow, Saturday, Mar. 18
The World Famous and Scorching
Oldfield -Johnson
\i
Auto Races
Do not Fail to C These Pictures
|»nr -»r.'|.ifr.l, on a HivA b% \tnrif"n mi '!*,-.•_*. nl 5>*r*-*ro<*! **, H -ra .*<f(. -j-.rt.*.*■".•>'I
ion f^noirrs onvprtPS? .«• fri-*.atp In vevli.t. '.
I
_.- ,* r,Ta-_-aifflrgiafi-tw> gtii_i_l_^it'aaa^h.7iu-»^^^^ PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, MARCH 18, 1911.
Expert Evidence on
Bellevue
osion
(Continued from page 3)
trated), say* as quickly as'the snap of
a finger, that in itself ,it cokes the
dust?
Mr. .Ashworth: Yes. A' calculation of the velocity of ' tliat air at
Mount* Kemhla varied from 12 miles
:i minute to 120 miles a minute. Tliat
was the calculated speed, and the
chances were that Ihe speed of that
air was' nearer 120 "miles than 12
miles.
Mr. Mackie: ' And is that the explanation you have to give of the heat
that, was described at S2?
Mr. Ashworth: Yes, that is so. in
these cases we have to tako some previous case, or something that has occurred previously, we will say, "on
which to base a theory. Well, if the
court would not think me loo tedious,
I would show you- the plan of the
Mount Kcmbln Mine, and then you
could see for yourselves.
Mr. Mackie: Well, 1 did not gather
that at all from what you first stated,
tliat tho air receives its heat in tlie
twinkling of an eye, and is then distributed at points where it produces coking. If that is so, would it be wrong
to" draw the inference that coking
would be found in every place where
that, air passed?
Mr. Ashworth:,, Xot absolutely in
in every placo, but it is found in more
places than I have told you of. I am
satisfied that if we went ■ into the
mine again, we would find other
places. ■ * ,
Mr. Mackie: You say, where suppositions exist such as you have given
us now, with the air hot from its starting point and" picking up dust and
striking a blind room such as we have
,had described hero this evening, it
might create an explosion with gas
there?
Mr. Ashworth: Let me just help
, you along there. In the South Wales
steam* collieries thc 'mines are very
:gaseous.. Now, you would think it a
silly statement' to make, or theory to
s'ate, but in one of the notable explosions in the South Wales mines
the mine is divided into five districts,
each with its own separate airways
and' return, and one theorist gave it
as an opinion that the explosion happened in,what we call the west section,' ,, Well, now, between the west
section and "the East there is an upcast ancl downcast. Now, would you
think that an explosion in the west
would. simultaneously explode all the
others? That is what happened. I
cannot tell you how, but it happened.
That is a thing that the mining scientists of the present day are trying to
 |p.r__,e_ .ero. __. | ..O—f ____r.rv _\f__.__f-AT. JlHfm-
Mr, Mackie: You will pardon the
liberty I am taking in questioning a
man of your reputation and knowledge
but I nm trying to get information.
'Mr. Ashworth:   Don't trouble about
that at all.    I will try to help, you all
■ I.can.   , ' "
*' Mn. Mackie: You stated that the
Initial heat would be sufficient to
cause an explosion nfter It' came in
contact .with firedamp?
Mr. Ashworth: Yes, in an end the
same as thnt. crosspitch; and if the
fourth crosspitch had not been blown
through,1, either of them would havo
been suitable.
.'Mr. Mncklo:     Could you explain to
mo hovvj Bovlo's and Cnrdlo's gns did
not get It at all?
: Mr. Ashworth:   What?
•' Mr. Mackie:   The gas which Bovio
nnd Cnrdlo found nt nil,, and 7*5 or 74.
Now, tf tho Initial bent wns grent "en-
' oiigh to Ignite tho flrednmp by coming In contnet with It. then whnt occurred |to tlio gns which Bovio nnd
Cnrdlo found at these two poInlB?,
Mr. /JBhvorth: I think tho wny to
explain,that Is this, Take South Walen
ns nn Inslnnce ngnln. Now, in ono
oxploslon thoro, nt Llnnorch, tho room
on tho! higher sldo of tho level ni'o
what wo call wide work, Just tbo snmo
ns thoy. wore nl. Bollovuo In tho enso
In question. On the lowor side of
tlie levels tliey nro narrow rooms, nnd
llio levels nro nnrrow plncos. Now,
nil the men In wide work wero nblo
to wnllc down form thoir plnron
down Into thn lovol. Tho men In
tho narrow places, nt tho lowor sido,
woro nil killed nnd burned where they
were, Tlmy wero hurnpil by lhe offoct of rninprosslon. Tlioy showod
•signs of burning. Thnt Is tho host
IliHlnnco I cnn irlvr* ymi of Hint. Now,
In Cnrdle's plnre, Hint Is ropreHonlod
by n wido room, llko this ono for lu-
Blnnco (room Indlontod). Ynu onn-
not trot Hint sort of enni|iro»Hlon In a
plnen llko this. You tniist. hnvo a
plnco lllfp ii   wall,   fur  liiHtiinco, iuul
into it. And it is not only the air.
If it was only the air it would ..not be
so easy; but it is the air charged with
dust.      , "    „
•Olr. Mackie. But there,is some evidence here that the* roof is composed
all over of hard gritty stone?
Mr.  Ashworth:    Yes. v
Mr. Mackie: Would it not be possible," or just as likely, that when this
momentary fall takes, place that, the
air is not directed in any particular
channel, that i'i* would take an upward
course, as well as a sido course.
Mr. Ashworth: It would go every
way.
Mr. Mackie: And there would be
just, the likelihood that the upward
force would catch any gas that would
be situated in any of the crevices in
the upper portions' of the workings?
Mr. Ashworth: If it were in a sufficiently  confined  space.
Mr. Mackie: Particularly If rhcro
were any dust?
Mr. Ashworth:    Yes.
Mr. Mackie: And the air which is
compressed so suddenly doos not ne
cessarily remove itself or tear itself
from that particular locality in the
twinkling of an eye, in the same time
that' it takes the rock to fall. It
takes different channels, and the part
of your proposition that does not apply where the air courses are in large
open spaces, where you could not gel
a pressure to start with. Otherwise,
If you' could 'confine that in small
enough room, you would get pressure.
There is evidence in these old working places that -there is a large amount of coal dust, and it. strikes me
that unless the force of air is created 1 ,\ the fall, then, when the rock
strikes" the dust it would naturally
create a tremendous dust, and if there
was any gas there at all there would
be a high incentive to an'explosion.
Mr, Ashworth': Supposing the. gas
had been brought down by a fall of
rock, which in many mines would be
quite likely, the whole evidence of the
explosion of that gas would be at
the'foot of that fall.
Mr. Mackie. You would find evidence of that at the foot of the fall?
Mr. Ashworth.      Yes.
Mr. Mackie: And you don't know
if any person has investigated to see
if there was such a thing? ,     _.
* Mr. Ashworth: Prom what I saw
myself I would say 'distinctly that I
did not see any indications of a gas
explosion. I looked for it. I had
expected that ^-the gas , would have
been brought down there. I first
thought it , was gas that had. been
brought down by the fall that was at
the foot,of it." '
Mr. Mackier   Assuming that there
,was^asJLhere,__as__Tepor.te.d,,.y_ou___woul(L
state also that it might, be possible
to ignite ..that gas from sparks produc-.
ed by the falling rock?
Mr'.' Ashworth: Yes.
r, Mr. Mackie: By reason of tho fact
that, you did not find any evidence
of It at the foot of the fall, you reach
the conclusion that that did not occur?
Mr, Ashworth. Yes; but you are
mixing up the fact of Cardlo finding
the gas with the fall., They were too
far apart. There was a great space
between them,
Mr. Mackie: Well, there Is some
space, but 73 Is a rathor near point,
Mr. Wood: Thero wns nono at 75
nt nil.
Mr. Mackie:   73, I said.
,   Mr. Wood:Well, but thero was nono
at 75.     Absolutely nono at 75.
(Inquest  adjourned  until. 7.30  p.m.)
Court-re-convened'nt 7 30 p.m., January 13th, 1911,-
Mr. Mncklo: Mr. Ashworth. I nm
going to nsk you to repeat on-? part
of your evidence. You sny thnt you
came to tlio conclusion that thoro wns
no explosion through tho Ignition of
gns, In this Inst disaster, by reason
of n porsonnl inspection which you
mndo nt tho bnso of tho cave, Now,
If thoro bad boon an explosion of gns,
what, would you find?
Mr Ashworth; Somo violent offocts
In tho way.of boat. " As lt Is thoro Is
no pnrtlculnr hont, offoct thero nt nil,
Mr. Mncklo; would you find n
greater dogreo of bont?
Mr: Ashworth:     Yes.
Mr. Mncklo: Now, would II, bo a
positively miro thing that you would
find ovidoneo of greater hont nt tlio
biiHo, Biioli ns you nponk of, In Iho
enso of nn explosion by gns, or Is
Hint purely llicorollcnl?
Mr. AHhworUi. I would sny positive,
ly so,
Mr. Mnokle: Thoro Is no possibility
of n  doubt?
Mr. Atihwoilh:    No.
i    Mr.   Mncklo:    llni'inino   tlin   theory
Hip nlr coming filmiu; diivoH iilrnlglil ; |-m| you ndvnnco in purely theory, nnd
■ |" ono Ihnl is gaining ground, but. linn
| lip'cn  rnthor slow to lie noonplod  by
Hoi* Secret* i°,,i(>i' ".lontiM*?
Why Sho Always Looked So Young
ilC very ono  mfurfl   to   hor  ns   on-a   of
he  moHi  nlii'i.iMvn   woman   In   town.
t wnin't lift l'.*..r,;;i.;, (or wlillit iuk.i
ar, tlmy wnro not  iimmiinl.    	
churui luy  In   tnn   )h-_i._   of
—was put up to the corner of that
room?
Mr.' Ashworth:    Yes.
'i
Mr. Mackie:    In your opinion would
that be sufficient' bratticing to clear
the gas out of that place?
Mr. Ashworth:* I would not like to
give an opinion,' because I have nol
seen the place.
* Mr. Mackie: Nor have I; but tho
evidence is there thnt the bratticing
—the first bratticing—did not come
to the face, but owing to the sliding
of the pillar underneath,, the bratticing .was torn away. . Now, thc next
thing* thoy did was to put up another
bratticing across the corner to t'no
corner of that room. Now, would
that have the effect of throwing sufficient air to the face of that' room
to "remove all noxious gas?
Mr..Ashworth: I would not like to
give an opinion; but if I did I would
base it on Hallsworth's evidence when
ho examined that room on the after-
room shift, and that is: "No gas."
I would have to fall back on that, because he was responsible on the afternoon of that day. °
,Mr. Mackie: On the 9th, the last
worked shift? And if you found it
was clear at that, time you have every
reason to believe that it was clear at
tlio hour of the disaster?
Mr. Ashworth.   Quite so.
Mr. Mackie: Then that prevents
me asking you any further questions
aboul gas explosions.
Mr. Ashworth: Well, I cannot go
any further than that.
Mr,-Mackie: ■ You were requested to
make an .inspection of that mine after
the' disaster on October -list, were
you not?
Mr. Ashworth: Yes, in respect to
one thing, that is the fire*.
Mr. Mackie: And you made your report verbally,in that matte:*?
Mr. AshWorth:     Yes.
Mr. Mackie: Did you on that occasion express to the Company, or to
any of the officials, the theory which
you are advancing this evening?
Mr. • Ashworth:    No.
Mr. Mackie:    Never said  anything
about it?
■   Mr. Ashworth,   No.
Mr. Mackie: So far as this is concerned, it is the first time it hac- beer
associated in this matter?
Mr. Ashworth:      Yes.
Mr. Mackie: The company had no
knowledge of this percussive, .hcory
in'regard to, the accident that took
place on October 31*jt? ,
Mr. Ashworth:' No; I did not examine the mine except for the one
thing, arid to give an op'inion. of the
mine without having seen'the pillars is
an absurdity. This accident happened
-bofcre-I-had-ever-got-the+reporb-from-
Mr Emmerson.* Mr. Emmerson was
collecting the facts* on which other
things might have been based.
Mr. Mackie: You say you made no
recommendations at all to the company? ' '     ■
Mr. Ashworth: , No; it was no business of mine, and I could not volunteer It.
Mr. Mackie: I quito appreciate
your position, but I wanted to know
what the company were advancing as
to what might prevent a repetition of
tho disnster. .
Mr A.shworth: I can tell you this,
that, Mr. Coulthard had mentioned to
mo that be had taken precautions after
the 31 st of Octobor.
Mr. Mackie: That he had.taken
precautions?
Mr. Ashworth: Yes; and I take it
from the evidence that I havo heard
hero thnt he did tnke precautions,
and th'o spoclnl examinations that were
mndo of this brokon area woro In connection with that. ■
' *Mr. Mncklo. You tnko thnt Bovlo's
and Cnrdlo's exnmlnntion was In con*
soquenco of extra precautions? .    t
Mr. Ashworth: Yes; I don't'know,
but I think so.
Mr. Mncklo: It I sin ovidoneo thnt
Hint roglon wns visited onco a week,
nnd Hint It wns only tho prnctlco to
visit lt onco n week. Mr. Anderson
snld thoy visited It.ovory wook, but
Mr. Anderson did not toll mo that thoy
took hny oxtrn precaution.
Mr, Wood: ITo (old* you tbnt stoppings woro put In, extra stoppings,
nnd Hint thoro wns 25 por cont oxtrn
nlr coming llirough.
Mr.  Ashworth:   I might sny,  Mr.
Mnoklo, thnl Ihoro Is ono point In eon*
noetlon with Hint dlHnslnr of October
31st. tlmt  I do not Ihlnk thoro luis
beon much notico tnkon of, nnd thnt. Is,
when Hint nccldont hnpponod It wns
known thnl thoro wns n ii-iIhh-sIioI In
tho pillar. I Ihlnk number "I.   I bollovo "I Is thi-* numbor of llio chuto,
And  11. lirtK  novor boon  den rod* up
whothor thnt shot wont off or not, nnd
It. wns cortnlnly nn Impression In my
mind nl llio tlmo Hint  llinl Hhot hnd
igono off nud Hint Ihnl idiot was renlly
Mr, At'liwo-'Hi:    1 don't quito follow ' ,|„. ovIkIiuiIIou of tho ncddcnl on,lho
yi_u hh to which theory you nro roforr*  :.1*.|. of October.   If it bud not, thon It
Ing- ,wini ii iiiitiiriil Piivn of lho roof,     It
Mr Miicl.|__:   Tlio porciiSHlvo il.oory.' nuikon nil lho dlfforonco In lho world
the 31st of Dctober, as existed in this
case?     ' -'*„'"
Mr. .'Ashworth: Well, in the last
case they were rather worse, because
the roof was already broken, and this
is a continuation of the 31st of October break.        *"
Mr:*, Mackie: But if the last explosion, or rather the last disaster-—not to
use the word! explosion—had its origin in that miss-shot, then, actually,
you must have had' an explosion there,
mustn't you? '    , .
Mr.  Ashworth:    No, not exactly.
Mr. Mackie: - Not exactly?
Mr. Ash wortii: No; I take it-there
is just the one disturbing element
wanted to turn the whole thing over.
Mr. Mackie: .We are not taking exception to your theory. We hope it is
(rue, that is all, because it will certainly have a very revolutionizing effect in this place. Now.'having enun-1
ciated that theory—and your theory
is rendered practically absolute by the
evidence which you have given that
you are positively sure, from your examination at the base of 76 or 77,'
where this last cave took place—you
are positively sure that there could not
have been any explosion of gas.?
Mr. Ashworth: Yes.
■ Mr. Mackie: Consequently, as far
as one region of the mine is concerned
we must accept your theory. Now,
that leads us up at once to the question how, and by what means, is this
company or any other company opera-'
ting mines where there is likely to be
caves, how and by what means are
they going to prevent a repetition of
these disasters through caves?
* Mr.-Ashworth. ■ Well, now you are
asking my.opinion,
Mr. Mackie:*, No, I am not asking
your opinion in this case. You have
given your opinion, and we are not
in a position to disprove it except by
saying it is a theory; but this goes
further than theory, because you state
tjiat you are positively sure.that there
could not have been a gas explosion,
and we have no alternative biit "to
accept your theory as a fact?
Mr. Ashworth:,   Yes.'
Mr: Mackie: Then, that being a
fact -.then, I say, how are you going
to prevent these caves, entailing^ as
they do disasters' of this nature-? "■    *
Mr. ;,Ashworth: Well, I have no
doubt in saying that dangerous caves
of this nature can be prevented.
. Mr. Mackie: How and by what
means, that is what we want'to know?
. Mr. Ashworth: That I would not
liketo giye an opinion on, without
very careful thought. In the first
place I am not sufficiently acquainted
with the mine at the present time to
express an opinion and I would not like
to say anything without very, very serious .thought. The remedy will vary-
according' to the circumstances in the
mine.     *,.'..",
Mr. Mackie:- You say you are not
familiar with this mine? <_
Mr. Ashworth:', That is.so.' It depends on the pitch of the mine. There
is a great deal of difference between a
mine with an-angle of this sort, and
._.__*_,____ —-,__. ■ _ ,	
a—nai,—min**?*---—~ * **:	
that district, and what you'have, got
to do is to find a combination of-sys-.
terns that would enable you to work
that mine commercially, and as* well
as it has been worked* in-the past,*
and at the same time, work'it safely.
But it is a very difficult- proposition,
' Mr. Campbell: What I,"mean is with
regard to. the future system of .working the coal commercially,'and at the
•same time safely on behalf of the men,
as to that old caved area, or that old
disused area. Is there any .system
thought of*yet such as blocking off,
or barring off, or shutting off, or anything of that kind, these old areas
from the workings?    :    , *.
Mr. Ashworth': No; I should not,
care* lo block off, with the ,idea of
blocking, an area of that sort, which
might cave. I don't know*, what'sort
of blocking in would make it safo,
because you would'still have the same
heat generated, and' I do not know
what would hold it exactly.*
Mr. Campbell: So that .knowing
what you know now in regard to this
mine, and with regard to the occurences on the 31st of. October and the
9th of December, you would say thero
would have to be something done beyond tho ventilation?
Mr. Ashworth: Well, there wants
to be something to be done in connection with that particular area. It is
the only part of the mine at the pre-'
sent time that we might call an unsafe
factor. Supposing that part of, the
mine,caves in as much'as it should
cave in, tho mine would be as safe as
ever it was.' There is no dangerous
area in the mine except, that one. It
is generally assumed, in a rock roof,
that it arches oyer, if it is not ah absolute cave to the surface. It depends
on the cover; if the. cover is not'too
big, if may cave right to the surface.
Mr. Wood: Now,'there is only one
other point that* I would like to clear
up. , The point was raised**—of course
it has been nearly eliminated by the
fact that you are' satisfied that- there
was no explosion—but the point has
been raised, if there was gas over 61,
and a little gas found over 73, then for
that reason the probability would be
that there might be"a body of gas right
between these two points. I forget for
how far. ' .
Mr. Mackie:    From 66 to 73.
Mr. Campbell:     540 feet in'area.
Mr.. 'Wood: Had there been a body
of gas of such'dimensions in that mine
and had that exploded, ".what would
have" been'the-result?
Mr. Ashworth: It wouldocertainly
cleared tho main doors Out of the
gangway and, have 'done an enormous amount more damage than was
done. '. '*-***3f
Mr. Mackie: I would like .to ask
another question. The mines In the
Pass here are all about the same as
the Bellevue Mine, that is,,.it is. the
same seam, and the same quality of
coal?      * •''",-
Mr. Ashworth: Well, I understand
the pitch is" much the same, and the
rock formation is about the same, as
you have heard; but I think they-vary
to some extent.    I am not sufficiently
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,  D. O. S.
''-' DENTIST
Offire: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours-9-12; 1-6;   * , *    Phono 72
•ernie
B. C.
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 tb 8. .
,  Residence 21 Viotoria"Ave7 , ,
W. R. Ross K.C.
,.W. S. Lane
ROSS &  LANE
*       .»'       .      '- .  '* '*..     '*
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein   . D, E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
' BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Mr. Anh worth
In ho fnr ns the por-
|h  cone-* f nod   I   think
crown.    It   bna   tl.in   i*i*i:*iI|ii.   Uimva
and llio nun ..iivo 11 an itiM-M )> illllfirn'o
on    tin.
liti--.-jiihi.iiHii.ly      ciiimiiviiiinK
hentity «f ii.,.   I-,*-,.,
.  Wlij-n   iii'knl   liu-.v   hiu-i   l.ri.t   It   no
, boiiutirn   Hlm  r..-._|i.,j  timt it   W.,H „„
tilar   cijijij*iiik*   umi   U» _   u<mHd,nUoii«
1lt*M       d"       \\t \ 'ij   • ry   . ,   *        'i*,    **        ll
buil nut alwiiy-t litiur. .„ thnt o'.n-lltfon,
bill Ilia ■!./■ .im.,,! |Jli.ut-mo (,',« U;.t
!,',_VU!'.t''":i  '"*.•"  K"***   !<>r   "•■■   ItrtSr.    It
^?Jr\..'.'1?_..hJV* ,"■ ''"'"'• Totraalwil
ft-HInt,', mul the h.-tir ivhu ,t0 much
•ttMler to ilr«H« after Its  une.
wowi,rl,,T.,, !.'!:",!!-r..„5,/,..1''-;u'1»„,""'t
into $% ;;an^,! >i("r «'">"«ifp
Your .\yiil Prine f.*orft w|j| cheer-
fully ifuuinnt. o ltlr*...tono to do all
♦hat I* claltnc-,1 for It. and •vary voi
wan ow.h tt to hernult to try ft
flnt  tlin i
iijilcnillil, * fin-ilv*;.   ilicnry
I li   hs pretty old.     ' ;
!     Mr.   Mnekli".    Ynu   n*fi.|Ti"d  to  ono
mini. In   New  Mouth   Wn!*-''*',, I  Ihlnk.'
Wlml In the iiiiiii*" of thnl nilno?   Onn I
mine In pni'tlciilnr ihtu you referred •*.. ■
T   f. .-,.,.i    tl,„   i,,,,,ir,   nl*   H       Ml..ml    l'nni. I
bin.   Hid vou ."Kpn-HH nnv opinion In •■
Mr. Mackie: oWell, you state there
is a-remedy that could be applied?
Mr. Ashworth..• I believe so—yes.
Mr. Mackie: Not knowing the condition of the mine, how do you arrive
at that conclusion?
Mr. Ashworth: From the facts as
they stand at the-present time.*
Mr. Mackie: And as you find tbe
facts at the present moment, would
you even venture an opinion as to how
you can prevent further caves entailing disaster?
Mr. Ashworth: You must really excuse me, ' I would not venture an opinion at tho present timo. Thore
are many ways of working coal, and
you would havo to assume, according
to your question, that it wfis intended
to work tbe coal on tho present.system,
whereas you'might have to alter the
system entirely.
Mr. Mackie: I. understand thoy
might have to, loavo onough coal In
thoro to keop tho roof up,' In ono
systom you would havo to leave more
coal than you could nfford to do?
Mr. Ashworth:   Precisely,
Mr. Mncklo. What systom .would
you suggest of excavating coal which
would remove the causo of caving,
without making it Impracticable from
a commercial point of view? You
must excuse my persistence
Mr. Ashworth: I must ask you to
oxcuso mo, At the present tlmo I
decllno to glvo ah opinion on It,
Mr. Mncklo: You will pardon mo
for proBslng you on this'point, but I
know that Mr, Coulthnrd Is nnxious to
ro-opon tho mine, but tho mlno \yill
not bo oponod until certain romodlos
lmvo been siipgostod.
Mr. Wood: That Is Just what
Mr, Ashworth will direct bis attention
to,
Mr, Mncklo: Am I to iindorslnnd
Hint you' nro lo glvo this matter your
iittoiitlon, nnd roport nt n future
porlod?
Mr, Ash worth. 1 bollovo, I hnvo
been In coiihViltiillon wltb Mr. Coul*
Hiiird nnd possibly nn cngliiooi' or two,
on this Hiibjoct, but It. hns not, been
thoroughly iIIhciirsoiI up In tho prosont,
Mr. Mnel.lo; Am I tn iindorntnnd
that you hi**,., been retained by tho
compnny to look Into UiIh mnlter?
Mr. AxhworMi: I nm nnl retained
nt nil.
j    Mr, .M:icl:|e:   Then your further In-
Mr, Mnckle:    TIiIh mlwn-nliol, I nm j vosligiHloiiH with regard to roiii.-dlcH
Informed, niiiyeil there from -Siiliirdny would be purely from n plillniithrople
In Monday? 'point of \li-w?
Mr.   AHhworUi:    Well,   ynu   ennnot |    Mr. A nil worth'    H In qiilllo poiiHlblo
"'II. | Hint Mr. Coulthnrd mny request r:io lo
l«„     Ht,,,*-*.   •       Tl  ,-,,   ■..!*,.,!    ..*.n1,1   vo>| ' I    1 ■ l      , I     ,      iII        I    ll i
«nv    ?
Whnt
If tlmt shot were llu; cnuso of tbo Nml
full,
For  Mule  ami   (_UHi-iuit*r.-_|
N.  E,  SUDDABY
by
I Hint  piiiilculnr ense, ,    Mr,   AhIiwoi'Hi:    Whnt   wns   cnllod
I Mr. Ai-liv.diili; No; the tl.i-my iiiiil ..Ik. tixploslon was on llio Siuiduy night.
y,;:,< -.id'i-tutd by *"!'-'■ -***t «f *»m*|h'-.-*-** | x«», ',Mondfiy noon;--)*<-•*, that in r!?;ln,
| out there wiih linticd upon nn nrtlelo j Monday  iui--|i.Uut   thut   In  iiiiuiiuilng,
II winto In Dw Colliery (liinrdWin, in j ynu nee, Hint Hie Ignition of tliln nbot
1 - ', I        ,1 'P     II       ,    "      I I   I      TI III f ,       ,   , , ,,
jncddetil, and l- got  Ifi* name of D.o | rutting tbo fuxe.    Thero   would   bo  which would provent dnngorous caves?
, "Wind Wast Thforj* from tlmt, a ti.-.onntor In. nt nny rnto, and nctunl!    Mr, Asliwnrth:,  Thoro nro mnny dlf-
J    Mr. Mnckle;   Woll, was your (honry j crushing of lho conl might start off j feren't h.vhI. iiim.
Hint detonator.     Thin might bo Just!    Mr. ('ninpliell:   Would II bo asking
1 time X run vfit bin ndvlnor.
! Mr. Cnnipboll: 1'nrdnn mo, If T
I tun pietiHtiig. but from n broudcr plont
Juf *.:c.v, .a,i,v (jiiihiilu of this particular
j initio iuul (IiIh piirllctilui' pilch, ban
mining .Tlcnce given  thought     nud
*i.n.*v iHi.i      mi      mt-*   nt.. .-M-lit       *ft',i-**>li-1lln
acquainted  with  them,  except  in ,a
general way.
Mr. Mackie: * As far as the cave ls
concerned it would not make any difference really, as far as the.quality
of the rock Is concerned?
Mr. Ashworth: The volume of rock
is really the only thing, .
Mr. Mackie:, Does this only occur
where there is a very hard rock and
a considerable thickness of it?
Mr, Ashworth: If you had a very
hard rock,1 and a softer rock on the
top of it, you would not have any
troublo, because it falls ln small pieces'.
You see, Mr. Mackie, lt would ,be a
great advantage to have caving and
continuous .caving, because the cave'
at tho time would only bo equal to the
amount of coal takon out,
Mr. Mackie:. Could you suggest any
way of' Inducing a cavo so that It
would tako placo ns fully as possible
at one and the ,samo time, without
danger and destruction to tho mori?
Mr. Ashworth:. Yos, I think that
might be helped along by firing a shot
In the roof.
Mr. Mncklo: Hns this boen advocated at nil,.or Is It merely an Idea of
your own?
Mr. Ashworth: I know It has.boon
done In somo places, bocauso it might
do away with concrete walls, I think
If Mr. Cartor hnd boen hero ho could
hnvo given you liiHtnncos from York-
nlilro whore (hoy actually do flro shots'
In tho roof to help It down, nnd It
would ho snfo to do Hint.
Mr. Wood: I just wnnt to got ono
thing cloar, Mr, Ashworth, This cavo
tluit hnpponod on tho Dili of December
lms boon described to us as being from
7fi to 70, Xow, looking at'tho mnp or
lilnii I find Hint 70 I.s tbo hist, or lho old
working plncos?
Mr. Ashwni'lh:    Yos,
Mr, Wood: In llio working plncos,
In from 7!), (bo pillars nro still thoro,
with tho except lon of 80, nnd lu K0
llioy nro only vory iinrtlnlly takon out?
Mr, Aub worth:   Yoh.
Mr,* Wood: So Hint this would look
llko Iho InKt cavo In Hint old working plnco of this mine.    Am I right?
Mr. AkIiwoi'IIi:   Yoh, I lnko ll to bo
HO,
Mr, Wood; Tlion, going upwnrdH,
nud iih you know llm roof, Is It not u
fnct Hint when rock ciivoh It fills up n
greater urea lu liirgu 1m.l.i;i_ pieces
tlinn It dnoR when It Ih In tho roof?
Mr. AHhworUi:    Thnl Ih ho.
Mr. Wood: po Ihnt, when n lnrgo
envu of rock lllwi I bin hnppeiiH, the
rock Hint bus Hpllt, mul Ih now down
below, arches over high up In that
f-uvu?
.in*. Ai-iiiwoi in:   ii. .ious,
LAWE & FISHER
.ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.   •
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
ti      i
. A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-.
i   ■•>
■_ ■* ■       ■
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
i       i-l
H
*7*_
■♦ '(
*'H
H. L. BISSONNETTE
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls
promptly made,  day or night
i
and satisfaction assured   ,
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
R 0 Y A L
H 0 T E L
FERNIE
S__3__S__383Sa_BI
P. O.  Box.1126
Phone 882
R. W, McDONALD
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR
325,  Fifth  Avenue, W
CALGARY, ALTA."
^******.*************jf.****
E   ROMA HOTEL }'
p ; Dining Room and Beds under
•X     New Management.
*. „
* •'
|| -First class table  board    i
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per.day ■
R. Henderson,  Dining Room Mgr
***-W******-»H*-^***^^
Loans
On first clasi
buelneiiB and rest
dentlal property.
DROP IN
MATTER
AND TALK THE
OVER WITH U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
""*"—i
Feraie Dairy
FHESH MILK
delivered to nil
parts of tho town
▼  Sanders & Verhnest Brothers,
I Proprietors
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦*♦
I
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No,
141. M'.-Mh ovory Friday night nt
8 p, ni. Minors' union 'hull. J.
.InnliRon,  l'ronldenl;    R   Mar«liiiiu,
11 Rocnrdln.!* Secretary.
Bar Unexcelled
. All White Help
Everything*
7   Up-to-date
Call in and
see us,once
JOHN P0DBIELANCIK, Prep.
H0TELFIRNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Ferule's,. Leading Commercial
and Tourist Houso
S. F. WALLACE, .Prop.
JOHN.B.  WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Assignee,. Llq
uldator and Trustee;. auditor te
lhe Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALQARV, ALTA.
P. O,  Box 308
H. H. Depew
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER    AND
CONTRACTOR
P. O, BOX -123.
FERNIE
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Moots 2nd
nnd 'Ilii Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Bccro-
liny .1. A. Oouplll, Waldorf llot.il.
:j*.
Vi
-I;     A'ul, :
lh. U
Hi
that
! tllKcusM'iI ill nil?
'    sir. Ashworth, Ych, very liirK.y.
j    Mr. Mncklo.   And vory lnn-cly ci|t[. gcnlo alloKcthor.   At  nny  mio,
. pi-"?? Iiii" \wvor hoon traced out,
j    Mr, Anhworth:   Yoh. I    Mr. Mncklo:   Thnn, would you hnvo
1     Vr   M-irHo.    Vnw.   vnii lif-inl  Hi-/*.! n fnlr rnwiwrlnoti; If In tho l.-nw** oypln.
]i-\ldrmr>, Mr.Ai--hwr.iMi, (Mr nftcriini-.Ti7.slon, thnt wns duo lo tho mlsiil-Bliot?
tho littlo thliiR tlmt would turn tho  you fairly to toll uh uomo of Hioho
One for Mcb everyday ailment
| which la prnctlcnlly n repetition of iho ;    Mr. Ashworth
: _*-.li!<ii(c uhon by Mr. l_h*ftt in < on.; ih,-. SJgt, whoro Dw nuunnbot wae.
Inr*Hon with thi* Wind room, thnl t!f*|    Mr. Mftcklo:    Yoh; hut If I nm not
\pillar undornnnth that mom 1ml MM jnilatakon, you Muted thnt tho snmo
BynloniH?
Mr. A.'l...,"ojih*.   When    ion    commence lo work n mlno of this clasH,
j-ou ooninii ui r.. to work It ■lor-or-HniT
to tho oiijiiom-. of tho dlMi-lct,     This
Tlmt wnn Octohor oondition Iiiih ohtnlnod, I tnko It, with
lids mlno, mul the customs of tho din-
trl't hni hoon to develop mlnen nlont?
theso HiKH.    if yl9u oiler that Hystom
■away, md lirntildnK—new hr/tm-in« muses that existed in the disaster on j lt effect), ii,.. whole of lho mines In
nMior t-iivoH hnppon. Ihey would lmvo
n much smnllor dlHtiniet. lo fnll.?
Mr. AhIiwoi-Hi:    I should imtU-lpnlo
HO,
Mi*.  Wood!    Until   (ho wholo  nr.*n
wiih ohoKod.     Tluil In tlio wny theso
thtnirn would hnppon, Ih it not?
Mr. Anhworth:     Prohnhly,
Mi*. Wood:     Now. wo hnvo not nny
doflnlio knowledge ro fnr ns I hnvo
iTonflniio-.   nn  pnpn  7)
Dr, dc Van's Female Pills   Wnr<1 S(,"c,nry >'■ ° 307
A reliable Frtnch rtfiilita/i nster talli, Thcio
pllli -tre (.xctrcdlneiy powerful In frBuUttng- (l,#
Renentlrs portion of xtm. em«1» lyitem. Uttu.*
t*ll cheap ImlUtlons. Dr. <U VM'i art Mil nt
M,* I«k. or thr/A lor IK Mul*. to arty «... **«,
T'i» U ooW.1 l)r a ir Co.. Ht. *_.'__l. .ari net, Ont.
For Sale  «t  Bleitdtlft, Drug  Store.
Gladstone Local No, 2314 U. M. W. A,
Meets 'ind nnd'-UU Thursdhy Minora
Union hnll,     i). Hoon, Si?\
Typoarnphlcnf Union No. D55' Mcotn
InHt Snturdny In onch month at tho
LcdKor Offico, A. J, Uuckluy, Hoc*
roi nry, .
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C, Meets
In Minors Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7.1 C p.m. Evoryhody wolcomc*. U,
I'nton, Si?crotnry*Tronfliiroi'.
Amaigsmated 8oelety Carpenters and
Joiners!—Meet In Minors Hnll ovory
alternnto Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
*tKHto)«3blJS>1IBei
LIVERY
and Transfer
6
Wood and Hard Coal D
for Sale \
0
g Goorgo Barton    Phono 78 [j
**************************
*        .... >.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Jolners.—Locnl 1220. I). J. Kvnns,
President; _>'. If. flhaw. Socrotary.
SINGE
E WI N
:! MACHINE
R
G
CO
!  WM.     BARTON
Aircnt   rernle   Branch
* Pellatt    Ave.    North ]'■
*********************Lf***{
>
>
1
1-
, .. ......*.<..  .._..,._M_,_,.
il,
_____ THE DISTBIOT LEIKSEE, FERNIE, B. C., MARCH 18. 1911.
PAGE SEVEN
■i   -
Expert Evidence on
Bellevue Explosion
• (Continued from page 6)
Mr. Mackie: Thie evidence qf Bovio
and Cardie swears that they could not
see, at a certain* point, how* far the
thins was up, and my learned.friend
made a great point tbat as ..they could
nor see anything beyond tnere would
not tie r.n accumulation of gas. Now.
if he does not ■ know what is beyond
the place where they stood, how can he
' Mr. Wood: About 3000 degrees1 Pa-' reasO-uably ask you an'opinion oh the
hrenheit? ,.    • " •*-■*■■-----•■■--     ■  ,.*.-,— *v„
>♦»♦♦»
♦ .
UPOZORNENIA
♦
been able to follow the evidence as to
how high this cave, is. We liave a*
definite knowledge as' to how wide it
is, that is, from 75^to 79;/but it has
been variously described here with
■regard to ■ the" height. . I think Mr.
Heathcote described it as 300 feet up..
That* would take, it pretty nearly to
the top if it were that far up—I mean
it would take it pretty nearly, to the
•top of the old working places, would
, it not?
Mr, Ashworth: I think that was
tho estimate. * -'•    . '
Mr. Wood: . Tliat was the estimate
made at'the, time you and he were
there? *     -,
Mr. Ashworth:'" That was the amount figured on..
Mr. Wood:   -Then there would not
be very much left up above, then?
. Mr. Ashworth:    Oh, there would be
a lot loft.
Mr. Mackie: This Is most remark-
able evidence., air. Ashworth hns just
stated   that  he  was" not  acquainted
* with this mine.      '
ft Mr. Wood: "lie said he and Mr.
Heathcote were there.
Mr. Ashworth: That,is* applicable
to any 'mine,
Mr. Mackie: Mr.: Ashworth was
speaking of tbis particular mine, and
I think that was most remarkable evidence to give.
Mr. Wood: Then we would not
have, any reason .to anticipate any
further caves., like this * one. in the
' future, Mr. Ashworth, having in mind
that this is the last of those old working places?  ' "
Mr. Ashworth- You mean to say in
the present position*of'the mine?
Mr. Wood: - Ses.   7 " • '        *"   *
Mr.  Ashworth:   Well, of course, I
* don't know that there is any other
- area of anything like that size from
which the coal, has been extracted.'   „
.  Mr. Wood:  J nm just taking it from
the   plan,   Mr   Ashworth   (of   course,
',, Unit is tho only thing I have got to
judge,by) showing where the" coal has
been extracted, and where it has not,
and at present- it takes it up lo the
'   limit oi* the plan'where it has been extracted,-,so  1  am  asking you  to  tell
■ the .-"jury* whether, under these conditions, it would be possible for-another
:  -.cave*to happen like ihii?
Mr.- Ashworth: * AVoll, that,is, only a
matter of opinion, you know.
-   Mr.-Wood:   y see.     .- *
Mr.. Mackie:    Y^u cannot work* that
"point.  ■  Nothing doing. ~  ■   _-.■-*■=*,
,   The.Coroner'*:    Don't interrupt, Mr.
Mackie.* ."..■*"
/    Mr. Wood:    Now...lho roof of this"
mine..    What, is-, thq. character of the
~-iuof'of'tl]is--min^frWffTrmininF"sfna~
point?    Js it good roof, or strong roof,
or what?    -     -   - ■*
*   Mr., Ashworth:    if is very, hnrd indeed, from" what I liave seen of it.
Mr: Wood:      AVcll, how about its
, composition; so far as  supporting*.a
large area is concerned?' * *   7
Mr. Ashworth:' Well, I should think
it n very strong roof. '
Mr., Wood:    Have you  any knowledge of the leaving of seams?
Mr. Ashworth:    "None,   "'
Mr,  Wood:1" To break tho fall of
any rock?,
_.     Mr. Ashworth:      Nono.
■ Mr. Wood: , You havo no personal
knowledge?
Mr, Ashwortli:   Nono'at all,
Mr. Wood:     Woll, I think wo have
II. In evidence thnt .there wero'Beams
loft In this old nren, In fad, thoy show
io some exlonl oh tlio plan,'    Whnl*.
' effect would' Ilml' hnvo, ns n 'menus of
precaution in avoiding any concussion
ennsed by 1'nlling,
Mr. ARhworth: Of courso, Ihat
would depend on their sli.o, hs lotho
effect, but iiHRiimlnp (lint, tho plllnrs
woro lnrgo onough-—I would not. liko
to sny how lnrgo thoy should bo—1 hon
of nourno llioy would stonily tho roof.
T Rtippopo Ihnt wna tho object In lonv-
, lug thom In. *
Mr. Wood: Thoy would provent tho
ronf from  coming down?
Mr. ■ Ashwortli: T, wnH not saying
,thoy would provout It, but thoy would
lot It down onnlly,
Mr, Wood: .will you toll mo, jusl,
for our informnllon. whnt Ir Iho torn-
pornture pol,nl. nt whloh nn explosion
of gnn occurs?
Mr. Anhworlh:   About. ISOO dogroos
Fiihronholl,   Thnt Is (lie Ignll.on point.
Mr. Wood:   Tlmt In lho    Ignition
point of whnt?
Mr. /••'liworlhi Of a mlxluio of flro
hoon t*xt.)«oti. hnvI.,-1 rcpmil to tho
dnmp nnd nlr.
Mr. Wood: Cnn yon (-Ivo mo imv
don of whnt lho lom.iornluro cnii30.il
hy nn oxnloHlon would ho?
Mr, ARhworth: Fomowhcro nhoul
nono dogreoR Fnlironhr-ll.
Mr; Ashworth: Yes.. -
Mr. Wood: Well, now, to complete
that; will you give me an idea of the
temperature that the coking, or caking,
I forgetiexactly how you,expressed it;
the cinders', I think .you called them,
which you analysed, will you give me
an idea to what temperature they had
been exposed, having,-regard to the
volatilo matter?
Mr. Ashworth: "The one we.found
in the Bellevue Mine?. I think I estimated that, from Mr. Wirigaye's details, as 1140 degrees.
Mr.-Wood: 'Will you give me an Idea
of what a gas burn looks like, that is,
a burn caused by a gas explosion, as
far as tho skin is concerned?   *
Mr. Ashworth: Of course, it all depends on how long the hand, or whatever it may be, is exposed to the gas.
The differenco that" I have previously
referred to was that, the gas would
have singed the hair, nnd caused a
general scorching, instead of a scorching in one particular place. ■
'7. .Wood: Instead of a purely local
one?      *     ,      -
.. Mr. Ashworth: Instead of a purely
local one.
Mr. Wood: Then what would your
conclusion be In connection with a
hand that is not burned higher up than '
the wrist? Would a. gas explosion
have the effect, speaking generally?
'Mr. Ashworth: The burns as "described would not be the result of a gas
explosion. -
."' * Mr. Wood': * In connection with the
first explosion, and in connection with
the.miss-shot, you ^iave told us that
you thought thai" was the primary
cause* of it nt first. ' Cnn you tell
the jury whether it would. have been
reasonable, from what you saw of the
October 31st disaster; to-anticipate another disasters like„this. from caving,
without some external agency like a
miss-shot, or liko the explosion of a
shot?    '*"■*.
Mr. Ashworth: You,mean to say,
under like conditions would a similar
thing bo likely? , *
Mr. Wood: No, not under like conditions, but under conditions without
external agency, such as the * explosion of a shot causing the roof to
fall?
• Mr. Ashworth:    You, mean to say,
did lho'roof fall without, a shot?
Mr. Wood:. No;, is it reasonable-to
suppose that it. would? ' '        ''
Mr. Ashworth: Tliat the roof would
fall? -
M.\ Wood:    \es. .„
* Mr. Ashworth:   Yes!'
■Mr.,Wood:    Then the natural coii-
-Chisinii—vnii—fi iT-iv __,__,._;___ «_n.__i_.,. __.*
—        , -%—<•'-.  wr""-,,,- nun—Luc-! UU1"|
will fall, 'sooner or later.     It is only
top.of the evidence that is before the
jury. Mr. Wood did tell you the truth,'
and the whole truth, , Mr. Ashworth,
about a large number of.seams being
left in the particular region where
there is a cave, and your opinion is
that the cave will be slow where the
seams are left, so'where did you get
the compression that effected this
mine in the way it did?    '7
'Mr.-Ashworth:". You have.proof oii|
the face of it that theso seams are
too small.
Mr. Mackie: Yes, but there is- evidence of seams being left, and your
evidence is that there would be slow
caves in that. case. Theii, in that
case, *what about the percussive theory
tliat has been put before this jury,
tliat you ..would have warm and hot
air* that would coke dust in the return air shaft, when you hnve got' a
slow movement, by tho language ho
has put iri your mouth?
Mr, Ashworth: It is absolutely correct, .1 tell you that the wholo thing
the giving of the roof depended on the
size of the pillars, and the distance
below| I might add." .It is not necessary in a theory of that sort to assume
that all the pillars are out, or that the
whole of the roof falls between 79
and 76, not at all.
•Mr. Mackie: I am not going to dispute you on that point, Mr. Ashworth.- Now there is.*another thing,
he says this is the last big cave, nobody says so but Mr. Wood himself.
If they are going to continue mining
,coal as they have been doing, are there
not going to be more "caves in, of the
roof? , "
. Mr. Ashworth: Well, they won't
have to mine it in the way.they have
been  doing.  '
Mr. Mackie:    Well, but if they, do?
Mr., Ashworth:    Then they run the
same risks.        7 ■      *
Mr! Mackie: It is in evidence here
by,several.people, by Mr. Powell, the
manager of the mine, thnt a man is a
fool to go in that cave portion to-day,
because it is dangerous; because of
the probability of another, cave.. We
have it- in evidence before this jury
also from several witnesses that that
region is dangerous by reason,of the
overhanging roof. Then. I say, is'
this the last cave? '
Mr. Ashworth: * We.ll, you see, caves*
are of comparative size. ' Now, we are
used to caves;   and we want caves;
and'if .these caves are continuous* we
have the safest mining,
.   Mn Mncklo:    And particular if ..the
rock is soft, it will cave'in smaller
bodies?.      ..      '*".,,',
Mr. Ashworth:     Yes.   .
Mr. Mackie: ' And it is possible, by
V statnom' sudobnom dome
vdbivanom v Pondelek. dna
16hl Januara.,, 1911, Pompei
Cheilli bol dosnani o krades
miner v Coal Creek a odsu-
deni na 3 mesace.zalaru tvidy
prace.
♦
•**»
♦
•***.
•*>
o
<►
<►
**>
AVVISO
Nella corte provinciale di
Fernie Gennaio 10, 1911, . fu
arrestato Pompei Cheilll, per
' il latronig'gio dei carri dei
minatori, a No. 5 e No, 1
Nordo. mina, Coal Creek. II
quale fu condannato a tre
mesi di lavoro forsato.
WARNING
In the Provincial Court held
.at Fernie on Monday, Jan. 16,
1913, Pompei .Cheilli was convicted of the theft of miners'
cars at No. 5 and No. 3 north
mines, Coal Creek, and sentenced to three months' imprisonment with hnrd labor. 4.
Crow's  Nest   Pass  Coal   Co.
♦
♦
<****
$100 Reward, $100.
.-_. _\e_.rea<"!,-ra_0,t thls PsPer wl» Xa pleaaed td leam
that there Is at least one dreaded disease that science
has been able to cure In all Its stages, and that Is
Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure ls the only positive
cure now knoira to the medical fraternltf. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure IsT taken Internally, actlnK dlrccUy upon the blood and mucous
surfaces ot the system, thereby destroying the
foundation ot the disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the constitution and a_ls.
£l5-,'?,a.,hu"?.i1.'!, ?°"?.R "8 w?rk* The Proprietors have
ffn^nU,!?,"? £ -t3 cu.rat*ve Powa that they otter
One Hundred Dollars lor any case that lt talis to
cure. Send tor list ot testimonials.
Address F. J. CHE.VEY & CO., Toledo. O.
Sold by all Druggists. 75c. '
Take Hall's Family Pills tor constipation.
FASHIONABLE  FURS.
Quaint Old Styles Revived In the New
, Stoles and Muffs.
So widespread has become I tie'vogue
of furs thut. no longer are  tliey  regarded us ii luxury, but, on  the ecui-
I trary,   as   quite   an 'important   detail
; of tho. toilet    liecauso of ihis  wide-
; spread   vogue   and   the   necessity   for
| supplying  the demand   for  pelts   tlie
FLOWERS OF SPEECH.
<>-&<>&+<><>*xXK><r<>*-<i><0'+
Mr. Ashworth: Well, it was a success up to a certain point. Yes, a
decided success.
Same Juryman: Do you think it
possible that more lives could have
been' saved, in that mine had there
been a Draegar, station in the Crow
Nest Pass in Alberta!
Mr. Ashworth:    No,-I  don't  think
there would.     The difficulty with the
Draegar apparatus is that it is overestimated.      The  Draeger  apparatus
that*is most written about it what is
called the r. two-hour apparatus. Well,
this Draeger apparatus  weighs from
40 to 42 lbs.   It proved In the case of
Alderson that a man, when he has got
40 lbs on his back, and ls carrying another 40 lbs. or so In his' hands, can
only go at a certain pace.and if he
goes fast he-has absolutely done for
himself and there is only one remedy,*
lie must sit down and wait until he
recovers.''   He cannot get any more
air; * the  apparatus   only   provides 'a
i certain  amount of  air,  at a  certain
speed. ■, You cannot run in thn apparatus, and I am sure that iio ordinary
inaii with Ike apparatus on can carry
a  man for  any  distance,      lie  may
drag him""a yard1 or two.     There is
another apparatus which the Draeger
people  do   not   publish   very   much,
that is ihe half hour apparatus.  ' We
have two .mlf-hour apparatus, and tliey
only weigh about 14 lbs.   Now, a man
cm go".up a ladder and replace brat-
lice, and all".that sort of thing,,  as
easily as a man with a helmet* on.   A
man witli no helmet on can see, nnd.he
feels like.a man' with nothing on.   *
The  Foreman:      You   don't  think,
then,  if there had been Draeger ap-
iLs_m_alla>_ca%'A_io^
a question as to the amount of roof
that will fall. Of course, in the course
of timo* roof is always falling?" t
Mr. Ashwortli: Always.-
., Mr. Mackie: 'Mr. Ashworth, not one
single officer of the company was able
to swear io this plan. .Evidence was
brought forward in several respects
that the plan was not correct. From
that evidence, and looking at that plan
.would you reasonably say what my
learned friend wants this jury to believe,' that no caves.,.would occur in
tho future, nnd that this' isv tho last
of tlio, Mohicans?
Mr Ashwortli: (Answer not heard.)
Mr, Mncklo: Thon you heard the
ovldoncp repeated hy my, learned
friend?  ' ' .      '   „■      *
Mr. Wood: That wns not' what I
said at nil.. I was sponklng about. Iho
old workings, ■   '
Mr, Mncklo: Woll, T am speaking
about the old'workings, thnt Is, between (14 nnd 7r>, nnd beyond 78 nnd
71),' Out of tho wholo of thoi witness-
ob thnt hnvo been examined—iind thore
nro ■13--not1, n slnglo Individual hns
beon nblo lo swenr lo thc nclunl condition of the old workings. Then I
sny, Mr. At-diworlh,-on tho toj) of thnt
evidence, nro you prepared to sny
thut whnt you told my learned frlond,
llinl you havo rorisoiifi to bollovo thnt
thoro will not ho futuro coyon of this
magnitude.?
Mr.^Vshwortli: So long ns tho mlno
is in Hint, condition, thnt la my opinion,
You hnd proof from Movlo and Cnrdlo
tlmt tho roof was caving up thoro.
Mr, .Mncklo: Yos, In n cortnln aron.
Mr, AHhworlh; Woll, Hint is jmrl
of Uio nron you refer to.
Mr, Mncklo: Yos, Hut I sny no
wllnoBshiiH br-en nlilr* io'-omi* horo nud
give  a  correct  nccount   of  tho  old
four corners of Ihe earth have literally
boen scoured,-nud wonders lmve •been,
accomplished by means of dyeing and
plucking. One. sees the plebeian
American red fox. by no menus a
comely beast In Its native condition,
transformed Into a marvel of ebon
bliickness b.v expert coloring. A profess of dyeing lias made,an uina'/.ing
change lu .squirrel, which In plain gray
proved so unbecoming to most women
when II was Introduced six years ngo
But the inosi wonderful treatment of
nil is ihnt whicli transforms tho American muskrat's pelt Into a fur'which
ennnot readily be distinguished from
sealskin.
Never before hns there beeu si soasou
when the fashions Iu furs hnvo beeu
so distinctly different for matrons and
debutantes, for not'only Is the wearing
#of sable and broadtail confined almost
exclusively, to,Hie'elder set of women,
but it is noticeable tliat few of ihem
are in favor of mink or caracul and
that in reserving lynx for themselves
they nre graciously allowing tlieir juniors to have prior call on sealskin.
This rule applies especially to fur
coats In.ended for'street use. and of
these there are a large number of styles
to suit the individual -/purse.
Stoles are-of Infinite variety. Some
of thein nre so long that thoy reach
far below the knees nod at lho back
cover the shoulders halfway lo the
waist line, lu fact, so large nro tliey
that sleeves would almost be sullieieiit
to , transform thom into coals., The
flnt/. bro.y] "stole is always at ils 'I ies I
in a short haired fur, but it i.s seen frequently In lynx, black fox and stone
marten as well as in Persian paw. In
sab led squirrel and In mole.    ..
The novelty of'the season is llio rug
muff, which can only be developed in
n pelt having list turn Ily a small ,* head
and tail, such as are seen with sable,
mink nnd ermine In lhe rug muffs a
row.of tiny  heads overlap a  similar
An.Englishman's Address at a Ladies'
Seminary In Siam.
Ihe Influential Englishman In Slam
nattered himself that he had a very
decent knowledge of the language aud
was ready to do great things. He had
already ordered coffee from his hotel
waiter with success and asked the
boy to bring-up his boots.
'Now, influential. Englishmen in
Siam are not as common .as cockroaches, and that afternoon, tbe distinguished visitor was requested by.
j a friend to deliver an address on
"England" at lhe only ladies' seminary in the country. Confidently he
accepted. *
lie began famously. - Every one applauded nnd. smiled. But gradually as
he proceeded he noticed consternation
overspreading the countenances of his
listeners,
'•What's the trouble'." he whispered
lu English anxiously to his friend on
(lie platform.
"Trouble!" oxcJ_.iuu.-d the friend hotly. "Why. the irouble is what you
are saying."
"But." protested the speaker, "I am
saying, 'I am i1"Ji-.ite<l to see so many
young ladies r! dn.*,' to intellectual
hei-jhls, willi line bruins and large
upiiroehifioii."'
"Oh. no. you're not," corrected the
friend. "You're sayiug, 'I am pleased
to see no many smiuM lionesses growing, large and fat. with big noses aud
huge feet!'"—London Tit-Bits.        T
WHEN  YOU  WEEP.
cm-red at the Bellevue Mine
.-Mr. Ashworth: '    Is  it possible to
have it?
■ Mr Mackie: Yes.* Could you' get
that, effect by* a smaller cave?
Mr; Ashworth:'That, is'a problem of
Hie future.
■ Mr. Wood: In connection with a
cave, what happens to the roof after
Ihe first, cave? What form does it
take? **> * "-
Mr. Ashworth:    It arches,'
Mr. Wood:   Woll, then, tell mo what
effect the arch of a roof has upon subsequent caves?
Mr, Ashworth: It simply means
there is a limit lo tho height.
Mr. Wood:. And how about lho
quantity of rock thnt would fall, gone-
rally speaking, after tho first cave.
By. reason of the arch of the roof,
would il ho a large or a small quantity?   ,
. Mr. Ashworth:   Th'o volume would
hecomo loss nnd loss,
Mr. Wood:, Tlioy would become
loss nnd loss?
Mr. Ashworth:   Tn volumo,
Mr. Wood: Then whnt Is your opinion ns' to thoro bolng any dlfforonco
between lho smnll cavo of rock and tho
lnrgo cavo" of rock, upon tho nmount
of porcusslon causod?
Mr, Mncklo: I didn't nsk Ihnl. question nl nil. ■'
Mr. Wood:   I wnnt, to know.
Mr. Mncklo: Then you nro re-ox-
nmlnlng Mr, Ashworth,
Mr. Wood: I nm trying to got fnets.
Hid you undcrslnnd my question, sir?
Mr. Ashworth:   Will you roponl. It?
Mr. Wood: Wo hnvo II Hint tho
first envo lonvos the roof arc-hod. You
hnvo (old mo Hint tho rosult of thnt
Is Hint lho envos thorn nftorwnrds nro
smnllor, nnd tlinl thoy got smnller nnd
smnllei*.     Then what ls lho offort of
'lit    -****■*>*-_
workings In their entirely, cbnHonnont. I n •">»»■■ nwnnUty falling? Is It tho
ly you could not. hnvo knowlodgo of <mmt) •'■ of'oclT Doos It crento com*
tho (-)illro field of thoso old workings, I prpwlon. ns liijnrger qunntltlos?
Mr, Wood: My lonrnod friend Is
qullo wrong. Wo lmvo ll, In Iho ovl*
tlf-neo from (12 right lo 70 It In envod.
Thnl In n thing (lint ovory body him
wild.
List of Locals District 18
Corroded hy District fl.m- otitry ii|i to November 1!), 1H10.
NO,      NAME SEC. AND P. O, ADDRESS.
20 llnnkhoad  V. Whcntloy, rinnkhend Altn,
481 llonvor Crook .. W,  Wnlnnn,  Denver Croek, vin  1'lnrhoi*.
■llll rtollovuo    T. Tliivlco, Bollovuo, Frnnk, Alln.
21(1-1   fllnli'iiioro  JnmoB Tiimhu 11, lllrilrmoro. Albertn.
-?!!■ V,\'.:;;„',:,   .,,.,,., 'iiu-iiini, i.i<>>..._.y, jiunum, Altn,
lOTR Canmore  7, X*,.'), i\wii,uiu, A.iii.
2im 'Colemnn    ' W. Ornham, Coleman, Altn.
2227 Cnrbondalo   O.  M. Davies, Carbondale, Colomnn, Altn.
2378 CnrdlM    h. HiiokliiH, Cnrdlff, Altn,
2S77 Corbin   II. Joiioh, Corbin, II. O.
'ttn Dlnmond City ,, CJinilcs Orbnn, Dlnmond City,   LotbrlilRo.
2,11.1. Edmonton   .....  M. Bonic, 434 I.orno strcot, Norwood, Kdmonton,
2311 Pornlo   1). neon, Pernio, I). 0.
1203 Prnnlt  O. N'lcol, Prank, Altn.
2407 Ilosmor .,,.,.., J. Ajio, llosmnr. Jl. C. ,
1058 IllllcreHt   T   <_. .lories, Fllllrresf, AWn.
574   I-utlihrl'lKO   h.    Moore,    I.O,    Uox    113,  I.othhrlil..**.
1233 l.lllo   ,   W. Iv.  Kvatis. I.JIlr*. Prank.  Alln,
'im   Mnplo Loaf .... M,  dlldny,  Mnplo  T_t>nf,  nollovuo, Altn.
2331   Michel   M. Ihirroll, Michel, 11. O.
'J3,*2   Pas-shunt   ....i. Jus, Dnvls, Passbun., Alberta,
2,"8!>   Iloynl ColllorlCfl. .lumen MrKluloy, Hnynl Colliery, Lcthhrldgf., Altn.
IM   Tnbor   Willinm Km*Ml, Tnher, Altn.
P,'V*   TtxHr    '., T.. TVi)iwi, T/ibi-r, Aim.
14 Mnntiroh  Min*",   ,   11. W, tVnH.fii'', W-'.iit, .U'n.
Mr, Ashworth:   Cortnlnly not.
A Jiirymnn: You told us this nfier-
nopn hero thnt this wnn n vory cold
mino?
Mr. Ashworth: It Is *whnt I ahould
call n cold mlno. Ii Is nhoui Hi or
|!i degrees,
A .luryiiinn: AkniiiiiIiiu thnt your
theory to ho rorieet iih rennnls tho nlr
being Iho rniiiio-of llio liwibh* In HiIh
mine, I would like to know whnt it
would bo In n mine thnl Is n dry nnd
warm mlno?
" Mr.    Asiiworth:      Well, the honl
would ho Ineronseil In proporl Inn, Tho
experienced men, thai is iii the use of
that apparatus, that it would have sav-'
_d many? *■"
Mr. Ashworth: I would just like to
say what I think on that matter. Personally, I certainly came to-lhe conclusion that if there had been no,
Draeger apparatus tliere, two live's at
nny rate would have boen added to lho
loss. I imi not going to run it down,
but it wants using properly. In this
last disaster' in Lancashire, now, they
used the nppnrntus simply for tho repair of brattice and olhor things, to
restore thc ventilation, and io go in
front to' see If there is any fire. And
ihat is nil Ihey do. They were not
allowed to gq a long way in froni.
It Is good for thai, this half hour apparatus,* proporly usod. Personally, I
think" I would have adopted the half-
hour ftppnrnt.ua oiil!roly,'*nnd hnvo had
no two-hour deyleo.    *
The Poromnn: Don't you think If
somo experienced miners hnd been
trnlned how to fix thnt nppnrnlus, It
would hnvo been u useful thing?
Mr. Ashworth: , Thoy must bo train-
oil. Wo nro working Ihnl with our
ninhulnnce class, und no n'iaii that docs
not pass n doctor's cxnmlnnllon Is allowed lo lnko part. In the Drnegor nppnrntus nt, nil.
A Juryman:   Whnt do Ihey uso for
tumping In  tho Crow's    Xest.    Pass
Mlnos?
Mr, Ashworth:    Oh, clny,
Juryman:   Do they uso nny olhor
ninlorlnl?
Mr,  Ashivoi'th:   Simply  clay,
Jiirymnn:   Do thoy use nny pnpor
nround II?
Mr, Ashworth: Xo, just, clay; Hint,
Ih nil.     Xn pnp-^r.
* Mr, Cnmpboll: I don't think we
quite grasp Mr, (Iroshnm's quesilon to
you nhoul tho Draeger helmotH. You
snld Ihnl you did no! think thai the
Dnieper lielmel would ho n good thing
on nmiiinl of Ms u'lghl, nnd llm dlf-
rinilly In iiRHumlng It; iiui I wither
from you Hint you lmvo tin iimhiiliinco
corpii nnd hho the npimrntuH lu ciiniu'i"
~ywyww^ K     ^   ~
^ti^/^f-rf.r44f
The Way That Tears Act Upon the
Human Organism.
Professor Wnyuli:aim., M. D.," of
Paris publishes' some queer*,facts regarding , (lie nature and.purpo.se of
tears, coming to the conclusion that
tears act upon the human organism
"liko chloroform, ether or alcohol." *'
"When"a human being gives way to
sorrow.", says Dr. Waynbaum, "tlie
bleed pressure in tlie brain decreases.
The" fear helps in this process,*.which
benumbs the brai.i for the lime lieing,
causing pnssiveneris of (ho soul almost approaching Indifference.   •
"Tears are blood, changing color by
tlieir passage through the*'' lachrymal
glands. One c:ln, drown his sorrow in
tears as one can benumb his senses
by the use of alcohol or drugs. When
unperson cries the facial muscles contract and (lie .;p-. e-irnnco of lhe face
changes, which n lioii facilitates the
white blood k>:!>•■":, driving the blood,
particles into Ihe lachrymal gland,
from v.-hi-h the,'- i*i*-*ue ln the shape of
leai-s.  '
"Children who---.-' nervous {system is
particularly teii.'.er d-. rive great benefit from I**]-** in*. i:'"e:*i*»io!inlI.v. The act
of crying relievo., their br;(ins. The
same may he said witli respect to women."     ',   ,
Tlie professor !i!.;>wi*--o explains "why
laughter sonioU'iies produces tears.
__Air=_=iie=ex;*M*:i-*[.*i i-.*.^!!-
for reproduction.-- *•"
NOW, ARE YOU EDUCATED?
If in  Doubt Here are a Few Simple
Tests
A professor in the University of
Chicago told his pupils that he should
consider them educated in the best
sense of the word -when -they could
say yes to every one of the questions
that,he should put to them. It may
interest you to read the questions.
Here they are:
Has education given' you sympathy
with * all*, good causes and .made you
espouse tbem?
Has it made you public spirited?
Has it made yon a brother to the
weak?    '  * ■'**,.
Have you learned how to make
friends and keep tliem?
Do you know wliat it is.rtp be a friend
yourself?
Can you" look an honest man or, a-.
pure  woman, straight   in   the  eye?
Do you see anything to love in a little child? ; ' *,
Will a lonely dog follow you in the
street?
Can you he high-minded and happy
in the meanest drudgeries of life?
Do you think washing dishes and
hoeing corn, just as compatible with
high thinking as piano playing and
golf? -
Are you good for anything to yourself? •        ,
Can you he happy alone?
Can you look out on the world and
see anything except dollars and cents?
Can you look into a mud puddle by
Hie wayside'and seo the clear sky?
. Can you see anything in.the puddle
but mud?
Can you look into the sky at night
ancl see beyond the stars?—Pittsburg
Dispatch.
la piu grande, scoverta  .
'"'   dei!la'era  ,.
Una Fotografia di te dl tue amice o
pure della urn innamorata sopra la
covertina del qinuiciale, una cosa' nu-
ova r'ealista come e artislica.
Soiio richiestl agenti Jdascbi o Fern-
mine:'.    Per 'iiiformazioni e campion!,
gratis rivolgelevi dal
IDEAL  NOVELTY  CO. .
P. O. Box-iSo; Fernie, B.C.-
VELKY VINALEZTICHTO CASOV
*_.--■•_* ^"7
np£' -*•_%/>*..>
Photograf na zahlavku seba, prlatela,
abo milionky. Xecvo novie(. kra'sne, a
podobno majslerskie.   <>
Dobrieiio zivieho   ageuta    potrebrio
chot ktorieho'pohlavia.     Pre celie vls-
vetlenia a pbukaska sdarma hlasit sa
treba.   ,-. *   n ■'
-     IDEAL'NOVELTYCO.,
■- ' P. O. Box HS. Fernie, B. C.
I ^C!9*a_ ©K©<_>^CE5.-3®JE*«HSS&4S»
il    ' *   ■" _
J_W__j_W__»..U_._. J__.__.l_.___r-. ,. 1
if   . found   in  such   a   display  of
?*.-*,-.
_¥._■_A i •
f I
. j Wi
W4ii\,
if yw
Mm
DnuxToiiii: c:o,\r in hi'.ai.kkiii."
ii ii in I x*!* of ihIIh, and  when oiiisp|.(>nil
ll liecoiiM'S slmjily n tint illil.i!ik. Iuiiid
Homely   lined   nnd   coliveilleiilly   lined
will) Ki'Vel'llI pockets
Some of Ihe hii culled "iiilliired" till*
coals nre I It em II,-. In Hireo |ileu>n
muff, Jnckci nnd deinclialile Incniynble
■.■nihil*, wllh or Mlllintil deep uipcls In'-
ni'iith the llii'oat* nud fnsicuing with
large oi'iiniiiciii'ii billion,-, li vr"'*
without snylim ilml su li miillis up.
peal Kirniml.v in iln* wmiicii uf c.iiiiniii-
leal Insicn. The IIIihH'.iiInn shows il
stunning (Iheiioiie ci ni lu htMisMn
Trimminc& a Cirl Can Mnke.
Thin Is lo he ii "i-n'oii o| ii'lniuilng.'.,
ai.d  the girl  wll" l< < !--*.»*i eiii'iiu.li In
Hill!.!'    Ill'l'    OWII    . nil    ..Mi' Ill'l     plII'Mi
Hon with the Insinicilug of liuil ,M.r-.H.I iV.W"~.>r~V■ ■ • - V<».< 1,-~> f... i,  iiiiii.-ir-i.
Mr.  Ashivorth:    Wo  uno  lho  Imlf-, „„.„ ,,< ,•,,,,,. ,. .-., ,..,,.,.,.,, w|lh , „,„. „„.,
hour nppiiruliiN, ; , hs H„. Kt,W(,. ,,ti  ,*,. ,„,.-|,|m. mul | .uliti-i:  i.
Mr,   ('.nni'liel!:      Do   you  conshh-r; ,,.,.„ ,.„.... ,,; ,,.., „.„,„„.,
thnt  would be M .-<.n-l thing fo have,'      As ||)(, .,.„,.,  |h  ,,,,,,„   „,.,   Wl,.,.  ,„■
Mr,  Ashivorth:      Cortnlnly. ■   ,„..,.,-,. ,,„„„ „.,„,, ,,,„,.,, (lll„ ,.lirv,.Mi j
.Tiiryimin:   Thnt wns his answer.    7,.,,,-, ,,,. ,.,,.,,,,,     |, ,, , ,„ lliu „[. !
; r ,,'Tho Only Safe Way.,
"No, 1 'can't Fl-sy any longer," he
said, wllh.def'cr'5'lr.iilion. " " *
* '-'-What differcn'e'doeis'.an hour-or so
make now?", nrknl a mcmhei* of tbe
party.1 ^I'cur wife will bo in bed nnd
asleep, and if she,wakes up she won't
know"whnt flnto it is."
''Quite right, quite right," lie returned. "I caii fool my wife almost
any time" as lon? ns [ got home before
breakfast*. Why, I've gone home when
Iho sun was up.-kept the blinds shut,
lit the gas iind,mi(do*lior think thai It
was a little afler 12. Put, gentlemen.
I enn't fool ihe b-iby. * I cnn make, the
rOom as darkens I please, but UJwon't
make'the I why >*h.ep"n mlnuto later
(hnn usual, nnd when 'she wakes up
hungry It com;"* protty olw'o to hei]...
mornin..'." nud my wife know)* It. Gen-
Hoineii," he added ni he howed himself onl, **I make It n rule io get home
before the hujiy^wnkc-s', It'.-* the only j
■Kiife wny,"        "       ' j
A Dc*. Ctory. ' )
'   Al n  fnr'nhouse" ni  whl h we have j
boeii'-stnyiiig, n lerrler, Koimli, shnrew
always   Ids   muster's   !irsi   hrciikfnst.
the bread and ci-eain iKM-omiinnylng ii
cup of tea.   Tlu'e.' ruriieis lie hrenks
o!T and given to Pouch, who imis the
Iirst two,   011' th" third he licks lhe
(Tonm,   I lieu   rn'Tl h   llic   t-i-i|st    lo   n
lieu  who eiii h  nud'iilu r ennuis ncross
the   Ihld   wliei1-'  ihe   fowls iire   kepi I
nnd at the "aie nwitlis her,friend's nr* j
rli'iil,    Should oilicrs of lhe hens, ap' |
ponl',   Ituil'i'li  ' hsrlN Ihem off"„'while I
Ills  favorite  devours  her  portion, - j
London Spe *i»f«»r* i
,i
A Trt-O't udou'j Tr.sk,
"So you arc .... in^ io ctiuly InwV"
"Yes."
'   "ti(*ln« to iiinl.e u siioelnlty of crliul'
mil hi'w':"     - ,
"No."
"Corponill'ill \'i\r"t"        , ,    ( ,
"So     Iii-th' tire   too   eii'ty.    Wlltll   1
want Is lo be \w ui'iiifly iiini reliiidly
llifoni.id .fi io  w h ii  iiiiiiiilw  Iii lhe
t],\yn In 'lhe week ll is per-
.•hoot   . I'l'tnlii   gilliii-  in   the
('(•thn-   ..f   the   ci'iui'try,"
eats
We have the best -noney
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,'
Weiners andSauer Kraut.,
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56 f
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Grot-cries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH   AT   HOSMER,   n.C.
Fe'rniB-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
I
VUl'li.lH
iBeer
Mr, AHhworlh:    Tlm wny wc work ! *.,,,',,.'V|
II, wn hnvo n  hnlf-hnur     nppnrnliiH,
which Ih only n hrciiihliiR nrrnnmemenl
■x or
A  Piitron til Art,
■■"  '"'I  "•   im ii■.•*■'lm-     It   H,    ..ci., vou cii *y • -.iiiii-.: all ll \ii-iv.
I m-v.eil by lllllld ivMl I e -111' lies. j njriilil"] _':>'"-«' Hu'' ■** I'l'lu'ed nlclit thai
I     Auollier  ilii*-,,,\   i,rl,iiuili;«   I'ul   i-iui ' ,.,.,,,.„ .i,,.,,,,.-,*.
Wo   hnvo  four  ostrn  eyllnderH   wjlh ; ,„, ,„„.,,. |U   ||11|M1  t>  ,*,,„„  ,,,„„„ ,lf ,   ',  .     ,       '.. , .   ,.„„.„,     .,,,
,   ,.      „.,„,, ,  ., ,^"r",, n".""'''hl['* '""■ ,,ml Klv('H ,1H lwo| llowernl nil!; cut k. inijlim- Ho\iei's nud | ,,,,„, „> „„,'„„ ,„„ ,,', r_-.-l ■ ili.-if 'lii.-ivli*
holler the lnltliil nlr, nnd  (ho moro  hoiim:  hut  the mnn flint  |« woarhiM ! , ,,w\„u,,t\ i„ ui. .• m- e ra iii.-*.i.—*lli>.*
otiHlly, of courfie, tho hont Ik lucreiiKOd j tlin nppiiriitiiH cnn only i.o nwny from j ,*<, K(,|',, „,. r-liliTuis    The raw i-dp'H are
hy cnmiinoHHlnn. Ihls imrtv f^** n ,„ t^ «r -.. V. i-,, lllllM<n,  „„„ „ K1))| ,,  ,,„„,,,* ,.„r.,,
■Juryiunii.   Thon, In   that  neiine, It | mul qunrlnr of nn hour Imr-k n*mln, nnd i j,,,.,. ,„:*,, v     ,   ..-,,. ,„,",   ,,**<..„■
wtujji] ml iviiulii- tiiii.U ,i UiM luii olii.icn you know where ho In,     Other-1 nni-riiwcct rlhlcii Hint can he lioiiuht    ' •p,°ft'' Jor,f*.
rock lo crento nn Brent nn amount of* wlno, tlm men can no nwny nml Htny, i „ !    Mlsslounry- (.'an you ■jivi*- uie any In*
MU"
tllllM" (|ckef<  were  Wnl'lll  what   I   pllli)
fnr »«nn '■*•    XX';- l,<>, -.-,,, f	
* -    il ...-
6
9
and
Porter
• Honied Goods a Specially j
i
e»mm*mmmm>mtK*«r.'tm(tMa*-
dninnifo In a lint mlno nn In n rold nnd you don't ..row where Ihey nro;
" m?.   a x      .,     m.      , Rompthlni. mny happen (o thom, nnd
nWa'JSSt,: n ™mm' yo»"»v«n»lnHnml,me,l,o«nlUho'H„,o!
He:*oiirl  Jurymfin:    Mr.  AHhworlh,
Lame Back
To  lmvo u  Inmo buck or painful j
When  HancinD Curtnln*. '
A house dei'oi'iiti r uIv--h ihls Impor- '
llllll  llllvlcii III Wnllli'll  wI.r» m*i, ,||.,-ili"   '
In:  lliclr   Imnie.-.     T)n*>   t-iioiilil   imi I
lllllll.' clll'tlllUS of Mill* color i|..!illU*-'l n |
Willi p:ipel* of vlliotlli'l' color Tliey j
'.liotiM not |o|n curpetM of iippo-die'l
ci.|i'i"i They hIkiiIi) um pill illllcreiH j
npci'soii lhe wiiIWii. ndjoliilui. ri.otus j
you   woro prrxont with   tho   rosruci1
pnrty, I hollovo, on lloeombpr tho nth?
Mr. ARhworth:   I wim, pnrt of tho
"mo* i • . |.t
Horond Jiirymnn:   And iiIko on tin. j hiIicIich  melius   Dlnonlcroil  KldnnyH.j ,|'.(ll(,tl i,.iU, w^,. undiwuvs or folding
lOIJi of Iloromhnr, I bollovo, you woro.nnd tho nm-iri-T vou Imv*** tho Kldnevii
thoro? I nwl lUfuhler III n porfect ly Imnlthy cnll!
Mr. AHhworlh:   Vor, ■■ trillion the nonncr von will onjny Uf,-*, |
Tallin .lui>imui:    On  Doernilmr lnth ■ A« fnr ns We know thero Ik only one'
you cnmo down with the I)rno*u*r np* \ rrmnly Ihrtl Ih KimmntC'pitl to euro yon, J
Ipnrnhu. pnrty. !nn,l ihnt In YW> ni.I_S.     Jf ihoy ih.n't ■
j    Mr.   ArIiwoiIIi:   Yes,    with     Hint j ni,i!<o .von n ntrnnir, houlthy p->r*ion in ;
: pnrty, iiwo w-*.i-li» your immey will tie i_ filial!
j    Hnmo .Iiirymnn:    iv» yo". ibb-X: D.iA 7 ■).     ?"'*, n Xm\ .it  .'ill h-adinu rlnu;
,Dw Drnoitftr npparntu« wns n taurr^-ifi  <*,i.-«-'  •"■.* mi,iir,i „n n*,-f(pi ^r ,__:..
.in Unit mlrir.? \ by Tlw Vin I'lil Co.. St, Thomn«. ()'.it.
i I
formation  nlioiu   lienrou Junes,  who.'
hihored ninom: your people three yenrH
mini f.'iiiuill'iil- Well, Ihe hud I heard !
»tn.<n tutu nc iuul ijinii.' lulu cuiiHiiui*-
jtlon.-JuUce. _^
"     NOTI C"E '
CITY Or  FERNIE
.*mktm
60   YEArtB'
CV " tr r* i _• *' **■ f
NOTICK I.s Jiereliv ttlv.n ih,*il M)
i!i...i"< I c-wccii Tlii'si, nrr ulinph" h-iiu'- j l'lHrounlH on ICIcit.ii' l.U-hl will In*
"r»-llorn, hut they ni.|iu n vronl tU-nl I nllowod uiilci.s p-ivmenf is- recolved at
i i«i* wii.mm .\tio Ik uuideil by iliem .this Dilice on or tni.i-e I o'clock pm.
mil iirrlve nl um, li heller r.*siiii« ilum I "ll tlio 2Mh of *-;n I* mnnih
fll.. v» lm luiinri's tln'in When ll ',- not I Vlulor no ■ilriuii.-'.-i-ii'.-. will ihi*.
nu'.-i'.'e iii Iiiiv«*> iho I'urpf.tN iilii-e In j rulo lm ilfpurinl frru.i. find r*on_ iimi-r-'*
i-.oi..-. ili.it nre li;lneil l,y whte i.|.i*ri. i nro,lociuiftfil im f..<)\,iii HieriiHi'lvcs nc
•."•,". ii riiir --Itoii'il |..t |,,|,| OVvr (J., 'm'is I -roMlnfly.
c..-i:>i I-, hide It. !     Dnlod'  i'il    l'enil
Trut>t Mahko
Dc-si.tis
COPVRIOHTS AC
Intent* urnillnir t» •ki'lfli *rnt _l<>*-*rlr,Hi*im*f
It'll-',.* ,i. ,-,-filr, r ifiici ,, frr,,. *ti,-ll„.r nr,
IiivimiO'iii l« |.ri'ti«i,|jr f,-,iniii..itA. r'ninmuiili**.
ii>,i.«.'!ii.ils',)i,t!,|<",ii,i. flANQl!llOKoui'«l<.ii'*
lint fii-«. Hi InHt i..i*ii.*7 (nri.i"'unii|. unii-uu.
I*i',*(,« I .kin tt,r<>u_'t_ Mm.it A vn. xaonlte
),ilf.<fi<'<, «m>., .u'.ciiHri*!',.__ tli*
ADVERTI8E IN THE "LEOCER."
Prhrll.irv     l.'.lti,
fl  \V. l!.\Uf ...\V,
Oily Olrrk
SCiClHifie JiUKHMII.
lmnilii'.oii'ly lliu irAO-1 wn hly, I_*...-isi rir»
ii,(|,iii i*f *■ r f -i i-u-if } m'.ul j in.«_(>_*
i(ia*,ii( I i-.'t i. jr««/, jdi-ijci j,rr|»: X.   im,|J by
l:tn.!j':lin.;i«,
' H,V.'*.».i,(._;t„i,", \i.\'„;■ ***■*■ ti?**+>+-!»\i*f*r-&:u,
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 24, 1011
M>*«l\*.V'i
Letters to
(Continued from page 7)
, unless there ,was something personally required by them, as for instance
.the protection of their property from
floods." After we assisted them out in
this respect that was the last".we ever
saw ofthem, but no doubt thej' thought
if their presence was made at a meeting they might be' confronted with the
possibility of being requested to pay
their annual" dues.    "■■
"As regard the proceeding of the
meeting held Tuesday, March 7th, it"
is a well known fact that this was our
regular meeting night and if you wercj
alivo to the surroundings and kept
posted on current events of the day.
you would no doubt know, and if you
wished to take any interest in the conduct of the town's affairs you would
have beon present. Apart from the
fact that you' should have known the
date, you were advised by.phono tho
same day. You refer to the arrogance
displayed by the clique. This assertion seems to be made to cover yourself and Is unworthy of notice. You
also go on and state tho actual stand-
, ing of the Michel Board of Trade Is
eight members. We desire to state
that this is another absolute He, as our
records will prove.     Those who are
..ashamed of the actions of their leaders
can be counted on one finger, and that
man's name is the Individual • -who
makes an attempt to edit a sheet (we
would not like to call It a newspaper)
called the Michel Reporter. You make
an exception in one Instance,' that of
the Secretary, and it Is quite evident
why you conclude to do this, as he
. is the only one of the so-called Trm'ty
who advertises in your sheet, as other
business men,* who are connected with,
the Board of°Trade, with few exceptions, consider it is throwing money '<
away. . J
"you  go further arid  say, the offi- j
ces have drifted into  the hands    of j
those who use them as a medium   to ■
flatter-their personal vanity, admira-j
tion, aggrandizement and emolument,!
This is the most idiotic'statement ,of',
all, apart from  its being a lie.   Thej
writer of the scurrilous article in the j
Michel Reporter knows it to' be such,'
and if ho takes the.pains to consider'
what has been done by some of thc
officers  he  will  ascertain  that  more
than one has spent more than one hundred-dollars for evr'/" fifty oenls that
have been, donated by said would-be
editor. '
"As resrards changing of the name "of
New Michel there were four of the
officers  made  a  special  journey  to
The old adage that "distant pastures look green" is peculiarly applicable to the-land of the wallaby and
kangaroo,' so persistently- proclaimed
as the El Dorado of tho workingman
and an illustration of "sano and safe"
Socialism by those who, make use of
the word and attach it to' every 'reform
big and little*that is instituted. Even
well-meaning people who form, opinions much in tbo same; way as a
blank record resolves its impressions,
i. e_ passively—will dilate upon the
progress of practical Socialism in Australia and then when later on its inadequacies*- develop, the reactionary
phase becomes manifest we hear loud
lamentations by the sentimentalist who
sees, or at least thinks he sees, another setback to Socialism so-called
while the newspapers chortle editorially and revel in huge scare heads regarding /'Another Utopian bubble
bursts," "Visions vanish,' etc.
The Australian continent by reason
of Its aloofness from the rest of the
world and Its sparse industrial population may experiment with remedial
measures whereby, speaking comparatively,'the people are relatively better
than the great masses in count.r!-}s
that are more highly developed commercially, but as Industrialism grows
in like proportion do conditions change
varying only In degiW'p-riiapB from,
those which prevailed where capitalism
has a firmer hold.
No better substantiation is needed
than the subjoined article reproduced
from The Sun of Sydney, dated Jan.
17th, just received from James Douglas formerly of Michel."
This article is accompanied by four
cuts showing buildings that can be
duplicated in.practically every coal
camp throughout the Pass.
In the same paper we note the
feverish anxiety with which the,need
for' protection from outside enemies
is advocated, enemies that may or'may
not be future realities, but give scant
attention to the ever present death
dealing germ diseases that lie dormant
within their own territory and must
in the normal order of things break out'
finally. Similar conditions obtain in
Canada, so that it is not a case of the
beam and mote, we merely wish to
point,out that there is no marked difference, save in degree, between countries that are under the present, commercial "regime.
where else. ,   And now. each one   ofi comfort as the love arid devotion of
these poor hovels has its sanitary ap: I sad-eyed mothers can supply from time
purtenance. There are no yards—
not a bit of fence.of any kind. " And
the galvanised iron outhouses are put
just anywhere. There-' are three pf
them in'front'of ono hovel in which
a family of six. is crowded. And tlie
stench from these places is at times
insufferable. A serious case of sickness occurred at this place lately.
Thero is a fine.now post and telegraph office at Clifton, It is a "two-
storied structure, of attractive.appearance. But grouped alongisdc it, higgledy-piggledy, is a collection of the
worst class of hovels,to be found* in
this country. They must have been
a bad enough blot upon the landscape
beforo. Viewed from a distance—a
good long distance—they might even
have lent something of picturesqueness
to the scene. They are ruinous enough for that. But the sanitary conveniences have taken away their picturesque value, and left them a mere
hideous collection of four hovels—the
hldeousness sharply and conspicuously emphasized by the new sentry-box
like structures which are scattered
about amongst .them. ,
Elsewhere at Clifton there are huts
and humpies as bad as those around
the fine now post office—or worse. But
the municipal authorities can do but
little to improve matters, at present.
If they pull these .places* down and
burn the wretched stuff of which they
are pieced together, tho unfortunate
people who Inhabit them will be left
shelterless. There are no other places
into which they,can crawl, even. It
ls a terrible state of things. Clifton
is a very beautiful place. But it is
most foully" disfigured by about0the
craziest,* ugliest, most ruinous collection of impossible hovels that can be
imagined in a clean community. The
illustrations can give only a faint idea
of the actual conditions. They are
in all respects shocking. And the
residents- declare that nothing can be
done to. improve these conditions till
the Government. takes action. . Because the parties responsible remain
deaf to all entreaties and blind to the
pressing necessities of the community;
Sardine Street, Tintown
'-When a coal miner has finished his
"shift" he is always a tired man.   Also i
PART I.
"Heigho, for. the -wind and the"rain,
For the rain it rainelh every day.'
~_ ernie" ar their~own"*Wr-soifaT"eiroeriscT
and lost two days over'fiiime to interview Mr. Rogers*in connection therewith "and other matters'of equal importance. That .it was Impossible for
him to act in the matter as that, was
one that directly- interested ourselves.
You were at' meeting nfter meeting
whon the changing of tho name was
discussed, and you either did not posa-.
ess grey mattor or else you did not
hav© the sand to propose anything
that any sensible person would sanction, It Is all very woll for you to
stand behind that sheet you print unci
slur and mnko personal attacks on
people who mako an effort to ndvnnco
tho Intorosts of tho town, nnd after
this hns been done you'go on nnd print
such stuff with no other objoct In
vlow than to knock tho town nnd make
an offort to-undo nnythlng thnt has
boon dono nt tho personal expense of
tho officers of tho Board of Trade.
As regards tho nnmo "Pittsburg," It
-wns uminlmoiifllv docldod at **** rnernlnr
•mooting thnt Pittsburg would bo tho
nnmo,"nnd Pittsburg itn-wlll bo ro*
KiirdlosR of nny childish vlows of tho
Editor of tho shoot cnllod Mlchol Reporter,
"Wo rnu.rot that, wo hnvo had to ro-
' ply to Runh nn unusunl article, and wo
.would tront it with silent contempt
hut thoro mny bo n possibility that lt
might fnll into tho hands of those who
nro nnneriuninted wllh Iho vornclty of
tho wrltor of Hnld nrtlclos, lo thoso
who know the eirnumslnncoH II. Is not
nocoBHHnry lo' npponl.
,   The Michel Board of Trade,
•    Ronrolnry,
Por A. KENNEDY,
Rporolnry.
This old epilogue might have been
appositely spoken almost any.'day, last
to time. Here, also, there is no provision made for saving the rain water.
0Wiien it rains out comes all the hollow-ware—tubs, jubs, tins, of all sorts.
., .Devotion :of the Women'**.'
Tbe women whom fate and the' indifference of mankind have doomed to
existence, in these places, .'* fighting
nobly, but almost hopelessly, in circunjg
stances absolutely devoid of cheer.or
hopes, to do-their best for those entrusted to them, are aii. sad-eyed.
Their lives know nothing of the sunshine of a clean, well-kept homo, v Tho
dull cloud-'that overhangs them, deny-
prietors. for which they, have no use
—ranu ior wmcii, as ximy quae ^usi.iy*
explain, they can give no tenure. That
sjiuuia iiui oe au i_i_.u;.*__uiu umauuny
to overcome;    'Hut tne State,'has me
power   IU JlidKe Of   Vai'j.   an...   i_.OuulU.C_S
in ths interests of the people.     And
Wnere, au is luts c_ts*s in some or
these southern places', the disabilities
aie the result ot Heartless' ousunacy'
aud unconcern on the,part of indivi-
uuuls. Tiie Siate' is still all power-
-_i. , • . *
Teaching the Children to Pray
Th© women of the South,Coast dis-
tric.a ui\\v ior Wu& been making their
sad plight a theme of special and ear-
iiest' ni'iei cessioii in their prayers to
Almighty _od., They have no longer
liopos of "succor .at the naucL off, man.
It is in the power' of trie Government
,o fciiouio uuu uieir pititul appeals
aro presently answered.   '
-"It has been going on. t_.u*i_____—_..*_•
years  and  years"—said, a ■ wan-faced
mother.     "And we've got so that we
,. dont hopo any more. ' But we pray for
ing them the brightness that is enjoy-  beUei. umeSi most of u8> and we teach
ed by thoir fellow-women, has no silver
lining—as fnr as they are able to see.
When a strike occurs, and the weekly
supplies cease, and there are dismal
threats to turn thom out of the hovels
in which they are forced to live—then
the fight so courageously and patiently
maintained by those self-sacrificing
women becomes a sadly hopeless one
indeed,
The Problem—And Its Answer
At the lower end of Sardine Street,
with its rocky boulder-strewn waterway of a road, are two littlo cottages
that shine out as bright exceptions
to a rule of drab and dismal dulness.
They are plainly built. But they are
apart from the others. They have
fences, and gardens, and fruit trees,
and greenery glowing ovei their verandahs. Ani the peop\o In these
rlaces do. no!, wear*the general nppear-
ancc of. despondency that characterises
the rest of the place. Whut ls the
m<suing of it?
"Well, you see." satd one matron—
she actually smiles as she spoke—
"we bought 'this' ground many years
ago, before It ,was locked up,* and we
have made our' homes on it.'
■*'
That, was all. And it was so perfectly simple! ^ But the eloquence of
the lesson that .that simple explanation taught could not be expressed
in any terms of speech.  ,
"We.have made oiir homes here!"
Let the Government of New South
.Wales take the lesson to heart. Hundreds and' hundreds of loilini*** men,
living like animals, eager to buy land
iand thriftily build pretty home, upon it
homes in which tlieir children might
the children to pray, too." ,,
Think of the sublime pathos, the*
wondrous pitifuluess df that!—The
Sun, Sydney,
NO INTERFERENCE WITH "IN-
TELLECTUAL" PROPAGANDA
Crow's Nest Trading Co.,
,;y   "'-"    '"■•',     ',   ,,        LIMITED '„ .   .
■   ••*-*■ *  . '■ ,''-'.' ,
The Store of Good Values
• '  ■! '   , .   -     . :■ - '-'  *   *>   "** -   " '*
BttMMiMaiKiBSEgaa^^
last week at any of the South ■ Coast
colliery settlements, as vast rolling
curtains of thick fog were rung down
upon the grim tragedy of existence at
those places. It rained every day
and overy night, and it blew harder
than it has ever blown lie'forc!—so
the peoplo declare. Hard, and dangerous, and full of discomforts, the collier's life always must be, of necessity.
But In weather such as that of last
week It Is almost Incredibly miserable
—more especially ln conditions such as
obtain in tho South Coast townships.
Imagine communities aggregating
200 or 300 men, women and children,
existing In places where there Is not
a decent cottage to be had for money,
and whero there Is no land available
whoreon thoso Industrious and thrifty
peoplo may make homes for themselves that shall mitigate somewhat
tho discomforts of their ordinary lives.
Imaglno thoso deplorable conditions
mnde doubly hideous by torrentlnl
rains, pouring through foghanks thnt
shroud tho drenched* onrth In dnrknosB
nt noon tide, nnd ono may possibly ro-
nllzo In whnt'wretched circumstances
tho minors nt Clifton, Scnrborough
and othor of tho coastal soltloments
hnvo oxlstod during tho past wook or
so—and must always exist In any hut
flno w'ontlior.
Incrodlblo Is by no monns too strong
a term whoroby*to doscrlbo tho doplor-
nblo position of thoso unfortunnto
pooplo. No ono who doos not know
tho facts would ovor bollovo thnt whito
humnn beings could ho compelled, In
a country llko UiIh, to llvo ns thoso
peoplo" hnvo to llvo. Tho grent ma
jority nf
whntover
It is Indisputable
tlml ■n.'i.iv <t nxnn'i niil**' n«ar>t
uftnr n (trp ht\'n boon nn Irmur-
imi.p policy. And mnny n mnn
Iiiih hm-n ruined liocmiHo ho Iuul
nogloctpd to pi-otfl'-t hlmnolf
wllh
Fire Insurance
Don't run tho rink of finding
yourself In niiiIi il prodlciimcnl.
lll.Vt* ii*-, tlihiiHi .(.a Uii'iii) and
ninlit' yoiiniRlf nnfo.
M.„A. KASTNER
\rtn\irttnce     Real Estate
be is invariably too thickly begrimed  ,     , ««,'«■.-.■■«■■. - ■■»»,.,-_ ,,..u
t_   -,„„  ,   *,,   ,  .    ,-, .* ...     .   '  be happy, nr comfort, and even some
°mn    1   tlyt     r .  "IS t,U70f the mo_eSt.Iuxur.es of life.     And
small opportunity .for , wa?l„„g that no(. M incho?; ground that they" may
possess* in' what .is almost virgin wilderness, T_ey.,must live iri*the comfortless hovels provided for tliem—or.
travel long distances to their employment from places, where the ownors
,o_L_the_i_au_dJielie^
miners to.possess something that they
may cherish. and take pleasure in.
and turn to refreshingly from the tedium if their everyday work.    •
.This Is a serjous matter for Clifton
and Scarborough and' other, places
where the' land,;is all held by thoso
who will neither sell It that others may
build decent houses, nor yet build tho
houses themselves. When the great
er number of the men employed there
are compelled to,llvo awny—ana pay
railway faro—it means the loss of hundreds of pounds a week. It is centralisation—on a moderate scale, perhaps,
but thnt is what it ls. And Scarborough Is ono of the most lovely
watering plnces on this continent—
nnd ono of the. most -msily accessible
from the cnpltal.' But It Is not going
ahead as It ought to do. Tlio money
that It should have ls drained out ot
It steadily.
Clifton, nlso, would ho a bonutlful
resort—but for Its awful collodion of
nbomlnnblo hovels ,nnd tho startling
effect,thnt Us brntinew snnltnry system gives thoso placos. Ani Clifton,
nlso, Is Bhowlng slims of decay whero
It ought to bo dlsplnylng nil tho evidence's of material progress,
Also, lt should ho mentioned to enjoy tho privileges of n homo, tho min
or working on tho "lock-up" nrons hns
lo mnko other thnn pocunlnry sncrl-
flccs.    Ho hns to wnlt ns long ns two
many of these toil-worn people have.
In what is.popularly known as "Tin-
town" at Scarborough, there are <ii
number of galvanised iron huts in
which the miners live. .Those on the
right, hand of the "road" are, single-
Toomedrv~Iu~ea_h~of~thoiff"irwo—men*
live. These kennels .have no floors-
nothing but cinders. The fireplaces
are just heaps of rough-hewn stone,
A couple of rough bunks and a small
bench complete the. equipment,of the
places. There is no fence. 'The huts
are jam-bed closely together, with but
a few inches .of space between them.
There is a rough track.in front' of
them. And thero is only a rough,
weed-grown rise to the railway line
at the rear. They nro nothing but
kennels, these places, and vory untidy
dirty kennels at that. And not the
slightest provision has been made for
water supply. Wben rain falls tho
denizens of these sardine boxes line
up all thehollow-waro they poBsesB to
catch the wator as It flows off the
roofs, , u
Whon tho men como "homo" to fhelr
huts they must go and hunt for water
to romovo some of tho grlmo that litis
thickly upon thom. Thoy hnll lt out
of holes, fed by springs principally.
And tho water thnt Is used by tho
occupants of tho upper huts some*
timos flows nlong, to bo usod again
by tho pooplo lowor down.
It hnd boon mining whim "Tlio Sim'*'
representative visited Tintown. Tho
steep rond wns llko n rocky trout
strenm in n mountnln district, In nil
tho littlo hovols thoro wns no comforr,
nothing of lho kind Hint mul. r n homo
NEW YORK.~-In a message to tho
Board of Aldermen, Mayor Gaynor
delivered himself of some thought re-
ft , ,
gardlng police interference with So
cllaist propaganda, and the arrest bf
strikers.     Said Gaynor In part:
"I have particularly made the police
authorities understand that those who
entertain ylews of government, or* of
an economic or social order, different
from ours, are not to .be interfered
with, or denied the right of freedom
of speech and of assembly on that account. "**"
, A propaganda of intellectual persuasion and peaceable means for changes
ln form of government or in the economic or social order is lawful and not
to be meddled with, much less oppressed, by the police, j The Socialists'do
not believe in individualism, but in
collectivism. In place of having the
present condition of individual ownership of property, they would mass all
land and chief products and the principal means, tools, aud machinery of
production * under the control-and operation of-the state, in order, as they
claim, to bring about distribution, of
the'total product of industry among all'
those who contribute to produce it.by
their physical,and mental work, after
first providing for the non-productive
agen and infirm. That it clearly appears tp the rdest of us that * this
scheme would be doing away with.incentive to. individual exertion, greatly
reduce,production, and.thereby increase poverty and distress, is no reason
for denying those who advocate it
_.*ghf_s3cur-ed'-0=ever=y=Qne=by"*=dur— system of government.-, 'And that their
flag is red, instead of blue or yelow or
green, does not annoy or alarm intelligent people,   v *,. ; .      .*.   • "
"They chose the color red for their
emblem, not to signify that they favor violence or the shedding of blood,
as the.unintelligent suppose,'and as
actions of those in official - authority
often lead people to believe, but for
the purpose of typifying the common
brotherhood of all men of all nations
through the same red blood which
flows through the veins of all, and to
tho end that all war and violence shall
cense. Let the fundamental rights of
all on which free govornment rests
bo denied to ,no one. Thoso who
want to work changes peaceably
through tho ballot box hnvo tho" right
to try to do so. ' They may let light
ln on them. As John Stuart Mill says,
thnt which seoms tho height of absurdity to ono generation ofton becomes
the height of wlRdom to the noxt."
•a
iilmoHt, ovory comiioiiHiitlug plomiiiio
thnt makes tho Hvpb of olhor tollers
tolornhlo. Thoy hnvo no gnrdrns, no
oiiclOHuros Hint thoy mnv look upon
an tliolr own, nnd honiitlfy, or om-
ply, to tlio hoiiHohold profit. Thoy
lmvo neliinlly no Iioiiipr—no plnco
thnt llioy ('oulil mnko homos of, Thorn
nro hoiiio tow pxcoptlniift. Hut thoy
nro Hcnrcp. Tho dli'tlpst, dlriRloflt
hIiiiiih nf Hiiripy IHlli* or Wnnllnntnno
loo ciinnot hIiow hucIi uiiHpoiiknhlo
hovols iih lnifidrpds of tho Houthorn
district (oIIIpih nnd lliolr fntnlllPri nro
comfortable or attrncllvc—nothing hut j hours fnr n ti-nln, somotlmofl. Rut
wctnoss nnd dirt, nnd misery, In ono j ho hns tho homo, nnd mnkos Iho sncrl-
of tho huts woro two mon, ouo trying flees cheerfully. ' , Ho uses whnt  Is
cnllod tho "pnpor trnln," n good donl,
nnd thnl. trnln travels by a ilmotnhlo
nil Its own, nppnrontly.'
The Government's Responsibility
If It ls ndmlttod thnt It. Ih tho duty
of n (ioyornmont to ensure thnt tho
to sloop, nnd tho othor mnklng todl
ous nnd uiiHur-coBHfnl offortH to pro*
pai*o n rough monl on a discouraged
thom  pohhosh no comforts j fire, tho smoke from which refused to
Their llvos nro devoid of ascend tho low hush chimney,   Wator
from lho ombiinkmuiit ut. tho roar wuh
flowing over tho c-lndor floor, To koop j citizens of n country grow up In clr
Homo part nf the floor out of tho vat-| eumstnncps possible of promoting the
er u .phnnnol  hnd boon nil  In   tho, growth of n healthy, vlrll, morn! poo-
ground from tho holo In Ihu Irnc-k of | pin, tho  fiovernmnnl  of  Now  South
tlio hut to thp doorwny In tlm front,
It. wits nil vory mlHoruhlp, And *ho
coiidllloiiK in nil (ho olhor huth wore
tho samo. Not a vestige of choer or
HiiggcHtlon of comfort nny whoro. Ami
boforo long thoso mm) had m lonvo
Wnlos hns a big responsibility In this
mnttor. Tho position la now, thnt It
In not pniNlhlo for thn minors to no-
euro land on which thoy cnn erect
honllhy hnmnn, Ills not poHHlblo for
tlipiu to jifiHHPHR ndpqnnio siuiltnry con
1UR0AIN FOR CASH —Cottago
Plnno, $100. Purchaser wanted at onco,
seller leaving town. Apply, Lodgor
Office. 30-3 t.p,
FOR SALE—Houso, not plastered,
wntor Insldo, on hnlf lot, 30 x 120,
nnd a Shnck: cornor of McEvoy St.
null Mnson Avonuo; cihonp for cnsh.
Apply, Geo. Holmes, I3ox 81, Fernio.
4t- p,
TO LET—Furnished Room; ' suitable for ono or two gentlemen or light,
housekeeping. Apply, Ledgor Office. Mar, 2!)*n.p.
WANTED—M.D., duly quiili/ied to
practise In Albertn. For pnrtloulnrs
wrlto to .InniPR Np 111. Secy., Cnnmoro
Locnl Union 13S7, Cnnmoro Alborta,
liulr doHoluto lionnolH nnd go hack lo  venlimccH.     Tho South ConM. district
thnlr burrowliiK In the dink IiowpIm nf
Iho i'lirth.     KtiilltiliiK tli'i-d imiHcl'i'i,
rnmp.'lli'd to herd In.
nro nnt ovon Rhnltors, Indeed, com*
piirod with thu mlHiiiy of -..vury-lnv ox.
lutonrc In mich plncoR, the grimy nr-
dtiniiH diiiigormiH work In thn mincH
Thoro mny ho snmothinK In Hint fact,
Sanitation Movement
Thcto hns neon nn outhrciik of ty.
.dink down tho Houth Coa**"* I'ttc.ly,
And tho mntlnr w bv no mcnn-i octiv
Hi.hi for wonder
'lit'      .,l-'..'._. .*■.'.       ,'.•■'.■.'••.'.I S       i'.._>l..
InniiKumtrd   n   new
Thoy nro compoll*
Most of thom idi-lving with wciuli'd ariiiH, In 'lio dim
light of a lantern Hint wnn only n
•spark in the blrtckncHx, to win for hu*
mnnlty the fuol without which \]w
mnrch of civilization nuiftt stop, nnd
tho whoolH of ImliiHtry ho licitrd no
morn. From thn coal pit lo tho hovel
—from tho hovel to tho conl pit. Thin
dlHinal routine of tedious discomfort,
nil thnt there Is In n man's lifo! A
riOK*  llio .'—.So,      A   (Iok  wuilJtl   nuf
luiic   Jl
I'i*",
ii'hy
idrlko occimlonnlly.     An nnl
,._...'.'_'_'.'.
nmnvcr
in nn bountiful ns nny plnco yet discovered on this wido onrth, Iln wonlth
nf ovor-vnryliig scpnory—Its glorious
dl vomit y of ontrniiclng orenn pleluroR,
Its toworlng, mlst'flhrotidod, wooded
heights, IIn -splendid benches, Its lovely
gullies, filled with rlrh Htoro of hrlwjht.
foriiH nnd brightor wild flowerR—nil
thono ihliiKH put the South Const In
tho front rank of lhe honuty Hpots of
Now Boujh Wales., But, In slinrp nnd
nwful contrast, tho pooplo who llvo In
tno muiHi of nil this wonderful nnturnl
} *'..'.'...'J    ,'.,*.*   .l,,,..t [..(.(..-J   i'il   ,_!',   t \_,-_i_.'.|l.t_
of the moil f\-lremo hcjuiiIoi' nm) mls-
RASICMENT OF MINEK8* HALL
lo rent every ovoning oxcopt Sinulny
nnd Thui'iidny, Snltnhlo for concortH,
MtnokeiB, (Innclng, locturos, ete. For
terms, etc., npply lo D. Ilocn, Socro*
tnry, GlnilRtono Local, Fornio,
FOR RENT—Holntunmn Parlors,
Minors' Hloek, olther wholo or pnrt of
store.—Ahply, D, Uoos, P, 0. 801,
Fornio, n, C,
..LOaT—Trnnsfer Card No. 10, Rook
No. lOi'OO, iBRiiod from Frnnk Locnl on
flopt, 20th, 1010. Finder plonso ro-
turn lo Goo, Nicol, Bcorelnry, Frnnk
Locnl, Frnnk, Altn.
Houili  have Jiih
! tumltnry Horvlco. Thoy nro compoll* I to tho fjiioHtlou, why do tli.-v not ■r-oniin i ery Ininglnnblo. And thoro in nn hopo
i Init lt« uhp, too. And the township of | work mote frerjuontly would bo that: for thom—siiva In lho Government,
■f'llfinn wenm a strnrigo nnd oxtrnor* Hio conditions nt "homo1 mo ho un-" There Ih nothing to ho dono for Ihem
'rllnnrv nrnioarnnrr- tri-dnv, In■ rnnsonu*' Blronknlily dlnmnl niul tllsroiirnsliti: o>r»nt In* iho Givr-nimrn. Ttiov
onco. Tlio pcnoriil ntylo ot iirrti.too. I thnt the bliicknc-HH nnd tho lnbor or, miiNt ,-uny on, hoidod together In little
turo there Ir prlmovnl,     Hutu, built .the pit nro decmod prefornhln to Idle*'tin konnols llko iIobs—-or rrowdrd Into
rouichly of plaiikH nnd tin, have been
Houttori'd nround anyhow, nnd with no
re_n-l for uniformity of frontage,
TIichc hiitH nro for tho mont pint In n
nous  In  elroimiRtuiiooH  of sin li   (Hh* j ctnzy hovel*    of    hnlf*rotten bonrdt")
comfort.
The   Married  Quarteri
On the left side of Snnlliio St roc-,
■wnfully ruinous stnto.     Llko tho rof-jnro larger huts for married mon with
, tni.**- In iho poem their oni* Ides -nr. i Inmilion. In thono pIiii-ch children inc( Ami most Eiircly, liy every clnlm that j TORONTO.--It Is H.nt_*5 that the
'old nnd menu. Tin* unlike Hie ihnich- j growing up. Poor HlHo Aufdrnl_.u<-. , .indo>:,-.<..*_l, unnorosimry mlnery nmyjtf!. N.R, company Is nr»KOtlntIr,|. for thc
fil iiiinitr. ilml tho jioet rlesciilii-il, (.\i-ry > Whut  i* K'ifrnti*  imtulu •■_,. Ih __*_«-w»_   ii..\_* tiprttt humnn  nympnthv nnd hii-il'v    posmwilnn   of   PKtrm-li'.-.  roal   lr-
j patched with strips of tin—until tho
jlltno  when   the  Government     shnll
chnotic to nay.
"This Thim 8half no Lonfl«r be."
Ami most tuircly, by every clnlrn thnt
FOR BALE—Ono or two wood driving
iohiiik;  broken  to single or douhlo
..,'.7..<,.*•„.>,'  ,\f,t.ti f.Win  .7 Ul   i   J<_>V.._,'   ftiii*
I nblo for huiri.y or doll vory rips.—B.
J. HARRISON, Wnrdner. 11. C.      3t*p
MONEY TO LOAN—M. A. Knslnor
Kornlo nnd dlfttrict for tho Cnlnnlnl
Invofltmrni Compfliiy, nncl I* prepared
to ndvnnco money on huslnos-. blocks
nt n rcnsonnhlo rnto of Interest.
FOR  IlENT-Flvo  Room  Cottitfrc.
Apply, W. Minton. Annox. 31*0f
thing  within  theeo  plncf-R Is wmi.lr- j No liomocomfmii, nn Kiirdou, no back-
oitslv   iiii'le.-in.     The wind   wl,is»|.*ji; yard, oven, to piny in;  nonr* of tbo'
■thtfuich their crnckod Hldi"*.    Th**- j«i» J MirronntHiip* fm- tli.-m  thnt  -mIiichio
Iuul)* in iind through Ihem.     im lmt  i,w\ olevat^ « il.il-l, and help a i, at ton
"-tii'iiy sHy* M-.ow aro nv-r-n**-*.     Hut •,»"•' *«*,nw-jir<I« rm il-i» 't>*iir<_. in jirocr***** &*'d
■ pio nro IUIiik In ihont—ln-enu*-.   thev i onllRhtemncnt  ami  piosperliy.   _oth-
'nnrt live somewhere, nnd Dwo I**- tu> ;tnj*f but ("pi-il-ir. r,t„< -siii-h poor, plntn
limit pit) riiui human justlco, that time:U'-r-stii on tho shffosi of flrulo Lnko,
■m-is-t be .il ),snd. 'near the Yellow  Hm-1  Pa**,.     Tho
It nl.cuiit not bo difficult for tho I property Hon on tho propoted mnln
niuif k*t,K (iii.ilitions horo related to 'lino of the C, N. R. through the moun-
■*"* Kf*"f,i'i • i„y Unl'.iiHv* lyfWitt'.Utnir"*.. No ntft«l|« *,«**• yti -.-n, htn,d,
Tiifio iu.. l.ni'f. nroan of lnnd miitubl.**-i but tho transfer wtll Involve a inrtu*
b,' tuiH-'ln- uhl liy Mir colliery pro-'ntm of money.
SPECIAL VALUES FOR SATURDAY, PAY DAY
>-■' t-rOf-»i -" _ ,
"Traveller" and ."Gold, Bond*' Fine Shoes'-for
men, Patents,* Vicis, Box Call and'Volours. *" All
new season's lasls," specially priced fov payday sell-
;ing.* ' '.. , '        * ■'* '.-.
■'      °,   ■,"'    . Regular, $4.50 and $5.00   '-'■*.
!/Saturday, $3.95.
...... .      ♦-•*.-
Boys' medium weight Blucher-cut Shoes, in a
Velours Calf; good medium weight soles, cloth Iin-.
ed; leather baclc straps, in sizes 1 to 5.
Saturday Special, $1.&5
Men's solid Leather Bluclier "Working
heavy outside>counter, slip sole and nailed.
,    .       .  Saturday $1.85
Shoes;
Ladies' Dress Skirts made from Serges. Venetians, and Hair-line Panamas with back aad front
panel and side pleating, trimmed with buttons, others trimmed with Satin.
■■_ , .
-     -Regular, $6.00, $7.00, $8.00
Saturday, |18B
Ladies' White Lawn Waists, made with/all-orer
embroidered front, buttoned at back, sleeves edged
with Valenciennes Laces, in a variety of embroidery '
. '■      t Regular, $1.25 ' " ,
Saturday, 75c. each
Children's and Ladies' fine Cotton Stockings; have
an invisible double knee and toe; all'fast colors in.
Black and Brown. v
Regular, 25c. Saturday 20c. or 6 pair for $1.00
' Children's Dresses made from fine English Prints
and Anderson's Scotch Ginghams. '. These Dresses
come in a variety of patterns and styles; all Dresses
are fast colors,
.''    Regular, $1.50, $1.60,. $1.75'
Saturday, $1.25
■•"■;•" GROCERY — SPECIAL VALUE
i . ,,* _ ._   *
3 Packets Washing Powder	
.    ,     {i '      '■
Shcrriff 's Jelly Powder '..•......:■	
Shredded Wheat; Biscuits, 2 packets .'..'
■Fancy Navel -Oranges, regular 45c...Special, doz. 35c.,
• Preserved Fruits—Strawberries, Raspberries" *
Peaches, Pears, Pineapples,- Cherries, 6 tins $1.00
Baby's 'Own Soap, per box  ;...    25c.
20c.
25c;
.25c.
We introduced the System
that Superseded the Tailor
THE value of lhe Fit-Reform policy is eliown by its
adoption, not only in Canada, but in other Countries
as well.
This policy is simply this—to give men the best hand tailored
garments, of the best materials, at reasonable prices.
it
Specialization in tailoring—concentration in details—economy
iw hv'xtx''—to?.V.'? fn'owM'1 »*>ric''?* *">'*»••?&!"?. '
We show the strength of the Fit- Vuy ,    ^
Reform policy with the elegant Spring fify    Ml"   2
Orcrew?*p-'-f>**l-',-f,t?dr»*','»,i''*—g*(i!"'',int*nfd cjf REFOlir!-.
unconditionally*—$18 up.      |
306
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie
-c* .

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