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The District Ledger Jan 6, 1912

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 $$-yS'^y^Jyy7y: -77*>y   *■;7-.7y:*^^7;y,*';y^^7'|-y77 [yj^y'y' '
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tyf  .:. y^Y^'-yif^yy^jr-i^tJs^hTx^^.--^- . .-.yr^.S-■ 7,7^7 '.-*.?.-'A ■:.*'*. .;-■  .  -
i^;Official Orgwi[&ilfa^]R6yi%v:i£~ir\*to:L-
Political TJnity is Victory.
-_ - >w: - ,k„-^,-» ,?i
THE DISTWOT LEDGEB, FBENIJSyB. C., JANUARY^, 1912
$1.00;A7yEAB.
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SUGGESTS OPERATION
OF. CO.AL'MINE;BY CITY
Q
Commissioner Candy*May Recommend
-That City.Purchase Coal Mine and
, Operate, in Connection with Street
Railway for Coal"Required at Power
Plant.      — 7 '*' -':  "•-""'•   ■    v
AndTon the Increase—Rate is
, . - '      i;''..-  .    ■»   , o       - <
7 Said to Average 4. TT per
i V; iz Hundred Yearly r
-(-
,|JL
y:
.>>
'   OTTAWA; Dec. 3i;—Statistics cpm-
yplled\by,the commission" of .conserva-
< tion show that' the. death i-ato In Canadian coal mines' is' much, higher than
• in« any'other, civilized'-country.',;. in-
<7l902,.-the;year. of'the'.-Ferhiei disaster,
. tho death rate .per 100 men employed"
(abovo and" below grouad) reached the
maximum of, 18.16. C7'" yy ■:■' '--•*"':
:'vThe.average rate'for.Jtho ten years
preceding 1910,'- however, \twasi 4.79.
f "United States*comes' next with an »▼-
'•rage rate :for the iam©* period-of 3.43.
^Per haps, the worst aspect.of tbei'Sltua-
tion.isltb's7.fSiCt .'that;tho 'death rati
from 'coal mine .accidents':.has -been
steadily osf tthe Incriias* la Canada for
jsT. nuraber.,of /y^rs..*-7^n!(A;^lnlmum
; rati of 'i.83i^as ■«s«ra^"Jiarl897.'- -; "
.    '-'•-"' /., ,-St" ;'".-. <*"c>" *;,* '
-,\" 7. 'Ellmtnato;-Ui.*7Dangsr;
yyini 1909-^6 rVte'iras^XzLfr' -/During
-..the sametim* there has been a steady
• aecreaie In all leading KuropeaB cou'n-
,- tries. t    - ^v.- _, -^ -ij-;-,..-""-,\ - -
-:=> It"' would, i-of - cofawei^be, 'unreason-
; able,to expect that the^loisibf life and
the low constant .death rates in* Belgium and Great Britain', y Coal; mine
explosions are muchmore frequent in
Canada: and the United States than
In,any of the European countries. The
following • example" is' exceedingly significant: I In, 1850 tbe fatality rate in
Belgian-coal mines'was as high aa.tho
preaeht-Canadian death rate,"while at
the present time it averages tbe lowest
in the world. This decline in the
death rate was due.to the combined
efforts of mine, owners, workmen, and
administration of. nilnes. to 'diffusion
of' technical and,- professional know-"
Iedger aid-to administrative organization for scientific study of accidents.
7 7 . In Metaillferoue Mine*
Although;the teath rate" in metalliferous mlnea in Canada is lower, than
in the coall mines" It; is"much higher
thin ia any of the European countries.
The death rate in Canada for thb period 1900 to ,1909Jwa»"'3.82r, » ''■,} \
'S WIth'the' exWptio'ri^of KImberiey diamond mines and Transvaal where native "and "Chinese labor, are employed,
ELECTRIC RY.
F0H.PASS
J '     '•,'
A Venture That Has Been
'Mooted for Years is
77, Taking Shape
-.Tho construction of a" spur track of
the Edmonton street railway to a local
coal mine.or the-operation, of a coal
mine by^the city connected with Its
street railway, is the plan, suggested  ,l should be, and a delegate sent to
Chairman of - the Committee on Cre-
dentlals.^;.  - ,-" '     , ' -   |
7 Revenue.—"The revenue .of the Federation shall be,.,aerived as follows:: A
per* capita tax of one cent' per' member
per month from all local unions; from
central bodies, fifty cents per month.
AU monies shall be payable in, advance
to the Secretary of the Federation in,
two half-yearly Instalments due and
payable ln June and December of each
year."
If your organization la not affiliated,
property could'b'e/entirely-done away, the fatality. 7 rate "during'this-period
• «_k' *.     ■'•'--'"■-/?ly-v*Vr •'->    «■  «_l   * - •"!  "■■*•    ■"'   '^        '*a#»a*  *   ' *i\n*\\  **   '"  s   ^   '   ij'     4i_« ■*
7 with j but-«xpefi»nee:has shown -that
; 7 cftMfulinye^lgatloi of conditions will'
''-•j-polnt^tho.'-way.'-td the "remedying-, of
.iTmanyiabuaBa.''^"" *"™ ■-->- -   •  -'■
\ That- the*"daniger.**ln-.cbal fmlnlng7;ls
being largely. elimlBated; is shown by
1900 -to., 1909) - .was considerably^ lower
elsewhere than ih Canada."-'.' It requires, no discussion, ..says' th«;'repbrt','vto
-emphasiz4„&^
quIry,"iijto;the wtoWrsuhject7ot fatal
aWtento^ln'"mb)*aafii^CBhada.\-''--"^,.v
'-.*,'.■,*>■•?..;•->.•. iy\f.y 0 ",".v*".p-y-
Applicatlon will be made to the
government at the present session.of
the prpyincial'parliament for the right
to construct,.and. operate an electric
railway'.along'the Pass,' from. Cowley
on the east to Cro^r. Nest Lake on the
west/Ty y "■•-. y :"7   y ;
W.A.jBoebe is acting as "agent for
the applicants; and in an" interview he
states * thmt'already"- theer • was available, sufficient capital with which to
construct and put ih operation .the proposed, electric railway. ' Mr.'Beebe
further- declared that - should ;the government, consider'''the * application' fa-
vdrably/.wbrk would-be commenced on
the new; railroad as soon^'as the warm
weather commences, ry.y ';-;-'
The, electric,'railroad .will .run from
Cowley,,to ,7Lundbreck,^,theh7,"nortb
across* th«. C." P.I,R.*.a'nd west t'o Bur?
miBs, * Passburg, Maple' Leaf, Bellevue andSHlllcrest, Frank,( Blairmore,
Coleman Carbdndale'then" south acrossl
by Commlssloner.Candy for the reduction of the cost in the operation, of
the power plant.-".' At the present
time no less than seven cars of coal
are,consumed dally at the plant, Involving large cost for, transportation ln
addition to placing the city very much
at the morcy of the,rail way companies
for prompt delivery -of coal neelel.
The, proposal of Commissioner Candy
Is that,-if possible', a permanent contract be made with one of the local
mines and, that the costof transportation be reduced by tbe^ construction of
a spur of the': street', .railway to= the
mine. Falling this arrangement, the
commissioner ia believed to be prepar-
ed; to, recommend the purchase of a
mine byjthej.cityr,'.,1'' v.
.The cost, of fuel has fo rsome'tlme
past-:represented "one of the largest
expenses of the/plant. During;the
past few. -months' Hthis has, been appreciably reduced'by the Installation
ot coal conveyors."'which lay for two
years Unused and .exposed to the weather. The installation of these, conveyors'has already.' reduced' the cost
of transportating the fuel: " If a mine
is purchased and operated by the city,"
the spur 'bf'the'street railway would
be so" constructed that the coal could
be dumped"ihtbvthe bunkers' and a
considerable 'saying ■ of labor would
thus resulL'7.-H--, -'-
tbe convention
Further Information of any kind on
this subject will bo .furnished immediately upon application to Victor R.
Mldley„ Secretary-Treasurer, Box 1195,
Vancouver, B. C. '
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets ln
annual convention ln January of each
year; Executive'-Offlcers.igil-lZ, President, J. C. Watters, u527, Rithet St.,
Victoria; first vice-president, J. W.
Wilkinson, Box' 1195, Vancouver; second vice-president, R. A. Stoiiey, Box
965, New Westminster; third vice-president, Christian'SJlvert'z, 1278 Den-
man Street,,Victoria; fourth vice-pre-
sident^Jas. H. McVety, 1744 Broadway
west, Vancouver;"- general secretary,
R. Farm Pettipiece, 2349 St. Catherines
Street, Vancouver; secretary-treasurer,
Victor R. Mldgley, Box 1195 Vancouver; delegate to Trades and Labor
Congress .of Canada, J. C. Watters;
frateratl delegate to Washington State
Federation of Labor, R. Parm Pettl-
pleco. ;       7
VICTOR R.°MIDGLEY, . '„
Secretary-Treas.
CIVIC ELECTION
POT BOILING
UP
Candidates for the Mayoralty and
Aldermanic Board Interviewed
Respecting Platform
AMASS MEETING WEDNESDAY
^—1: __,
MINERS ^LAN.TOlSTRIKE
>i
IN SOUTHERN COLOFIADO
GIGANTIC MINERS
southern
C; DENVER!*' Colo.rDec>4-Ten,thousand
.-men . In/the ^coal-'fieldsvbf
Colorado .threaten. to strike.^.../
*    -     i       ,.       -        -. _i ( --v *».>.>V^ ^,    ~    ,- - -•
yjf'they/do'itwlll be against the^ad*
yloe,"et;Deputy' state^bor'Coi^Ui;
~ sioner 'Edwin,.Braker;? Frank.'^mjftb,
, president of the Colorado United "Mine
1 Workers^ahd '-"Jbhn'';,!Lawsph ^of,,.;. tbjp.
.United' Miners'..executive committee.
While .declaring a strike .now Is' inadvisable these jame ' officials   charge,
,that conditions are.Intolerable.  '
r;.,
,  K  -
STRIKE M| FEARED
C. PROVINCIAL PEDERATION.OF
>',' ,-■/ ;"7';• LASOR"
s
THE REAL PROBLEM
CONVENTION CALL
l^l
'J-*'
v-
"'■„,,;- .Get. Short. Weights;,   ;  ,;'*
:';>Thoy assert:    Thattbe'ihlners are
. getting short weights In the coal they
mlue; .that.ThV operators arbitrarily
reduce tbe mlners'.'payj'.jtbat excessiye
hospital- fees' are exacted;^,that the
, men are denied7 a •'plt'cpminltteo";*
that the^moh'are'compelied to buy
r supplies from. the "company, paying
i exorbUnnt prices; that the oporatori
are Issuing^ scrip.:ln violation of the
state law. and that the ra'ners aro com
polled,to.sell It,at a discount.
The miners'havo, alroady asked Attorney Oeneral Qrlfflths tb.proijeciito
"; tho" onorators for "isBulng script and
* - this may bo dbno.
7 ,    Not Organised
'   Tho mon aro not mombors bf tho
United Mine Workers, althougb thoy
bavb been advising with thoso official
Ih tho prist/"   Blako .and tbo Unltod
Mine officials'teaT that many of tho
■n strikers would starve should thoy go
' out now, as/they havo nothing to fall,
/back'upon.
THB LATE WM, PBARCE
li News was received during the week
of the'' death at Daynos, II. 0„ on
Deo, 28, of Wm. Pearce, a former real-,
dent of Fernio Annex. He Ib survived by a wife and six children, tlie
eldest a boy of cloven and tlio youngest1 four month's old. A brother' II.
' Pearce, resides In this olty.
New. Year. Finds'Britain Seething .with
-. >\."*""-r 7*7''; Unrest 7vA-.^??>>'/i.^
bpv •*7,.:L>^-.f ,.rrr?r^.-* yy"- \i^ '
- LONDON, Dec. 31,-rThe >v old.« year
goerSyut In a darkness of labor.unrest,
which, seemed Quieter for awhile,. butY
then burst into more disastrous confla-:
gyatibh.77^ 7,. -, . ••'■'7 yyS.-"
: All.Lancashlre is In a ferment with
more than a quarter of a million persons threatened with starvation, owing
to the dispute .between the trade-.unions and one or two men and women,
wbo recuse tb Join the union. '.
Slmlljjrlyn.a-Btrlke .of even more gl-"
gatiilrmagnitude is.looming among
tho mluerb, wbo demand a minimum
wage .which the masters refuse, -The
relapse into'a labor war cornea as a
disagreeable surprlso as the resources,
of tho unions, woro considered to be
exhausted by'tho strlko In the summer.
tbe. C. P/j-R*-- and -west*, to,-the'lakes,
making in all a track of about twenty-
five miies inYlengtb:'" The estimated
cost of BTadlhgthe rbad.1l purchasing
rails and' completing'the* how system
is |250,000r^f» -VfHf*'''   ''S v "I '''"',
'•vAnh<mrly Wryica.wlll be" given-,-runj
nlhg* from- early^morn until* late r*at
ifght*:y^hti^bti moderate:^: Experienced motbrmen .jand5" conductors
will,*hes employe^/ a thoroughly' com-
ipetehfahd reliable staff of officials.
will be in charge, and almost.satisfactory, and efficient service is promised''the public by.the "Crow's Nest*
Pass -Electrical Railway Company by.,
'Which namo,the now company will be
called;;"'■ 7'■'.'' ■"■'""" ../.^ ,# \:,
:The1'power house, cari.barhs and'
head offices of tbe, .company,-will,be
located lnninlrmoro:.tbln in extremely
necessary because, of the town's central position,
PREDICTS RUS8IAN  UPHEAVAL
TWO DEAD, ONE HURT,
IN  MINE ACCIDENT
Workers Burlsd .When Soranton Coat
Surface Workings 81 Ids on Them „ ,
S0RANTON.vPa„ Doc, 28.—Two mon
^voro killed, one was Borlously Injured
and soveral had narrow escapoa In a
Blide of rook at tho ourfacu,workings
of tbo Scranton Coal Company noar
tbo entrance of Nay Aug Park at 11
o'clock In -the morning.
STRIKE RIOT IN SASKATCHEWAN
MELVILLE, Saak,, Jan. 3,—Shortly
before midnight a numbor .of strlko-
broakoro working In tho Q, T. P. shops
nmembtod In front of the Melvlllp
hotel nnd flrod a numbor of shots at
tbe sttlkors. Several hotel guests,
Including a O, T. P. solicitor from Winnipeg had narrow oicapos. - Arrests
aro expected,
ST. PETERSBURG.—An Inspired article ln the ultra-conservative Novoo
Vremya gives warning that the Russian revolutionaries are preparing for
a fresh upheaval in 1012, which is to
tako tho form of a gigantic peasant
rebellion, *     '7 ■ '*
The revolutionary propagandists, the
nowBpapor doolaros, have gono about
the country telling tho poosants that
tho czar has promised to glvo thorn
all tho land to celobrato the* Russian,
victory over Napoleon. Tho author
of tho artlclo Is tho notorious Mlonazy-
koff, who conoludos with n tirade against the Jows who, ho says, ore tho
chief cause of the'unrest.
In progrosslvo clrolos It Ib affirmed
thnt tho artlclo wna Intended to prepare tho public mind for a numbor of
reactionary measures, ono of which Is
to make It n crlmnlal offonco for morn-
bora of tho orthodox oliurch (o bocomo
ProtostantB or Roman Catholics,
BRINGING LABOR -
FROM TEM EAS'f
a'
It
\
is Reported  That Local
Coal Company's Agent
Is Busily Engaged
MINE MANAGER TICKLES
EMPLOYER
W. R. Wllion, manager of lho
Crow's Neat Paas Coal Co. Ltd,, waa
hoBt at a i luncheon given at the Ilotol
Fornlo on New Venr'B Day to tho
offlco staff superintendents, fire and
pit bosses, nnd ropeated a similar pnr-
f,nrTnftn*,n i>t Ml-Mif-l fr*-* "-"jnc <*"*,nnl3
to the Michel omplov-ften of the rom-
pnny. Mr. Wilson spoko nt thoio
affairs of tbe desire on his part to
make tho mlnos safe for tho workers,
nnd roferred to tho fire and pit bosiou'
•flromlRftrt flvn dnllnrs n month Inpri-nno
during tbo strlko, which Is still duo to
the men, ' In this connection' ho humorously remarked that ttie banquet
should offset this and tbat they should
iory quits,        /
To the .Officers; and jMembers of Inter-
Batlbnal-Local Unions in Province of
'.British Columbia." Greeting:        ■ .
"Fellow Unionists,-—At a meeting of
the*r Executive • Committee,   held,, on
Dec'ember;8,^i9li^'l was instructed to
ad vise7you: that th«*3at« of the'second
annj-al convention ofHhe' B."'C. Pro^'
vlncjal .Federation' of Labor has" been_
fixed:"fqr.. Monday,' January 22,-, 1912,"
The session will convene" In Labor
Hall; Victoria, B. C, at 10 a.m. and
continue..until the business of tbe convention has-been completed,
'The, Executive Board will convene in
Victoria, on Friday, 'Jan. 19, 'for'the
purpose-of preparing reports, striking
committees', and, making ;ready, an
agenda for the convention.
' It, Is. therefore Important that all
suggestions' for  legislative 'demands
bo forwarded to the executive prior
to that date. -  '
Nevor, was there such need for a
bumpor .convention, and 'never before
will thore havo been such a largo rn-
prcsontatlon„of organized labor In
British Columbia asBemblod In convention. . .
The work of our last. convention
has Justified.thb organization of tlio
B. C, Federation of Lnbor, Tlio com-
lng convention will mnko history for
the labor'movement In this provlnro.
Bond a delegate;-Bond a llvo one;
send "ono who knows what wo want
and who Is wIlllngHo fight for It.
The' convontlon will adjourn In n
body to tho provincial government
executive council-chamber'to proscnt
tho domnnds .of organized1 labor, nnil
Insist on hnvlng thorn placed upon tho
statutes and enforced,   -
.Representation:—"Soo, 2. Knch organization nfflllntcd with tho Provincial Federation shall.ho ontltlod to representation on tho following basto:
"Each Lnbor Union shall bo ontltlod
to two dolegiitOH for lho first one hundrod mombors or loss, nnd ono delegate for oncli additional hundrod members or major fraction thereof,
" "Central Lnbor Ilodlos Hliitll bo entitled to two delogntoB each,     Do1n<
gates from Central Tlodloi shall bu
members of Unions   affiliated   with
tho Provincial Fotloratlon.
"No Proxloa shall be allowed.
"No dolcgnto shnll bo ontltlod to n
aont at the/convention who Ib hof.nn
active mombor of tbe   tinlorl   from
"->>'l.tCut  'li.  |><CiC.4.a  Uttll'lUltilM.        knita-
p,«t<*n rtVinll rnrp'vo thrlr cre*i*ulte]n
from tholr locnl unlonH In' dupllrnte
and send ono ropy to the Serretorv
of the Provincial Federation at Ir-anf
two woeks previous to tbe date of the
rwinilss, .".r.l '""r?!vjr tie ci".*» u>
tbe ^Secretary ef the Provincial Federation at losat two weeks previous to
tho date of the convention, nnd deliver the other to the Committee on
Credentials. ,
"No credentials shall be eon*»l«Wd
7 The Hindus are sober but they
starve by millions while the rice which
they have produced stands in the warehouse of their-master. - The Hindus
does' not own' the' field—if he did he
heed not starve for the -fruit of his
hands."'   ,.■' *■   ',".-   "   ' ' .'   ^r
-The, women of this country are tem-
perahc*e7advocatea7a's_a__rule iThey,
As the time for elections draws nearer municipal politics aro being taken
more seriously, and the probabilities
and chances of the various candidates'
more fully discussed. Up to the hour
of going to press we understand that
the old council will all 'stand for reelection, although Aid. Mclntyre has
not made a definite decision. From
Interviews .with a number of the can-~
didates there are very few of them
who are running under the auspices
of- the moral reformers.' Whilst the
majority of these favor certain moral
reforms, not only on Sunday, but
every'day in-tbe week, there are very
few who are prepared to go tho whole
bog. One and all are anxious to see
a clean city, but only two or three
are ln favor of a closed Sunday.
Candidates for tho, Mayoralty ,
"; A. W .Bleasaell.in-an Interview stated that he Ib not allied to any party,
and runs on his own merits. He recognizes that much work is in store for
the Incoming council, and many improvements are" needed,-'-but not. on.
the lines as mapped out by-the moral
reformers. He ls in favor of a stricter survlllance of tbe Jlquof traffic, but
is.adverse to-putting tlie lid down on
other-public resorts on Sunday. The
public he "-considers are entitled to
some consideration, and to take away
preach' and practise, temperance. °
- Henry,;Siegel of the Siegel-Cooper"
store ln'-New.'york-b'uys $10,000 worth
of flowers for his' daughter's wedding
breakfast table) His sober, Industrious
shop girls lunch on a vanilla v/afer
and a plekle. ; 7 If .'you men were.,*, as
sober as"4hey you ."mlght^a'as" ricju
Wouldn't rth.at bp finer.;   '   .,,  -,. ;
■'■• "But-wet or."dry,Jthe"worker's. proh-,
lem is V*re:'x ^"And it will be here until
the working cfaas shall" ditch all bogus
political issues^-prohlbltlon,, commission' form r'bf' government, and. what
not;    It .will be here until* we vote
into being "an industrial democracy,
the right ;of overy 'person to employment and.tho distribution of dlyldonda
"among, all-who" give'useful service instead of tbe pariisIteB who live,by rent,
Intorest   and' profltv-rTbe   Common-;
wealth.
airtbeir.libertjes"onthat day, tbe only"
day they are free to make,use bf it,
is neither fair nor Just. - "
Thos. Beck, on the other'hand, when   ■
Interviewed, spoke but candidly, for a
closed Sunday, and tight at that.   On'
this  point  he   was  particularly emphatic, and considered that.as good
as any place on Sunday was -in tho
church.     Asked as to how one is to   ,
spend his time after the church hours ,
reply was that that question, can best
be answered, by the Individual him-.,
self, in fact, each one-is to work out
his own salvation. *.     -
Mast' Meeting *
A mass meeting will be held on Wednesday evening  next  in  the  Grand -
Theatre at which the candidates will ,'
be present to air their views, and la- --',
cidentally to get   hotshots   fired' at ''
them. ~S"    ' '
, , Nomination Day
. Nominations will be accepted at the
City Hall bn Monday afternbon' bef>'
ween'1-and 3 o'clock by City Clerk
Barclay.  The qualifications'for-Mayor.
ls $1,000 in real estate registered ln -
his name, and 'for 'Alderman $500 in
property.   ',.'..        y
School Board .
Two school. commissioners will be
elected on Thursday at the same time
aa tbose for mayor' and   aldermen.
Nominations for-these will likewise,,
take place oh; Monday, at tho same,,
time.;   The only qualification for, this."'
offlcens"~that—the."candidates' name -
must be on the City voters'.Hat.
./
SCHOOL  RE-OPENING
r. -^s
BIG COAL MERGER
RUSSIAN  8AILOR8   REVOLT
ParentB' "and, guardians^; living , In
Fernl-?, West Fernie', and Fernie Annex, would *do"welI**td remember tbat
hew pupils eritorlrig fherprimer clt-asos
of .the public schools should ftart'.be-
fore January 13th, or they can not lie
received before Easter. As the
schools are now very crowded It may'
be Impossible tb place advantageously any new pupils unless their'names
are banded to Principal, Bruce not
later than the morning of Monday,
January 8th.
A. 8. GOODEVE, M,P„ MEET8
MINING DELEGATION
A. S. Goodovo, M.P., declared hts entire sympathy with tho resolutions put
before hlra on Wednesday afternoon at
a representative gathering of'mining
mon nt Nelson, and said that he would
do all In hla powor to hnvo their views
carried out.    The resolutions, passed
LOUISVILLE, Ky.—Forty ;tbousana
acres of ..Western Kentucky lands, re-,-
presentatlng a valuation of approximately $5,000,000,'are1 Involved In.the
merger effected'here recently of fourteen "mining operations lying along tbo
main line of the Illinois Central railroad. ' Tlie new company will be
known as the Kentucky Fuel .Company.
A
COAL COMBINE  18 FINED
V"-'' ' ,     r<
Australian,-Court Asks Each Member
of Trmt to Pay I2.80O
BERLIN, Dec, 26.—Snilora " in tho
naval ordnance yard at St, Petersburg
mutinied today and aro now ungated
In a battle, with troops, according to a
nows agency dispatch,. Soveral ofjthe
soldiers Bent to quell tho outbreak "aro !at tho last mining convention, Included
said to have been seriously wounded. I asking tho fodornl government to np-
Tho Bailors aro strongly Intrenched point a spoclnl commission to InvoHtl-
and aro prepared to hold out forj*omo, gnto tho sllver-load-zlnc Industry ond
tlmo, says the "dispatches. j to vreoto a portfolio of "mines.
SYDNEY AuBtralla,, Jnn.   l.—The*
prosecution against the coal combine,
on whom,writs wero served on August >
20, 1910, -for broaches' of "tho Austra- '
laslnn antl-truit lnw, rcBultod. today. In
each member" bolng fined $2,500 by
tho federal court.
Tlio prosecution wns Instltutod.by
the federal govomment in consoqu-
onco' of tho nctlon of the mombors of
tho comblno In keeping, up the prices
of coal. , Tho court grnntod an Injunction agalnBt tbe combine continuing their {'monopoly," _/
AFTER LABOR  UNIONS
Charged With Restraint of
Trade in Asking For
, ■"■*>
i ■
Better Conditions   ~
ECHOES OF McNAMARAS CASE
I FOUR LABOR LEADER8
ARRESTED IN
•FRI8CO
KANSAS CITY, Mo.—To iinswor
what tbev believe Is a govornmont
proncciitlon under tho Sherman mill-
trust law chnrglng Ihom with restraint
of trade, tho first suit of thnt nnturo
against tho federated unions of tho
Ilarrlmnn linos or nny of tholr offlcors.
Last October whllo holdlnR rourt nt
Cairo, District Judge Wright lusuod nn
Injunction  restraining tho labor or-
" 1,08 ANG10L13S, Jan. l.~-Olnf Tvolt-
moro, of Son Frnnclsco, 8i»cr<*tiH'y.tron«
Buror of tho Cnllfornln atnto building
trades council, proiolilont of tho Asiatic
exclusion Icnguo, nnd trusted nontenant of Mnyor P. P. McCarthy of Bnn
Frnnclsro • Anton .Tolintinsflii, of ("oi'lo
Mndoro, Cnllfornln, orgiuilvor for tlio
stnto building tnulo council: K. Man-
soy, nf Hnll Lake City, socrotnry nnd
l-tibliseHH rifjont thore of tho Interna-
tlonnl association of brldgo nnd structural Iron workers, throo labor loaders
not previously charged with padtlclpnt-
Ing In the dynamite rotu-plrnny, wore
Indicted by llio fodornl grnnd Jury, nnd
woro taken Into custody In I/Os An-
ttuiuij, iduy were roluaseil un $u,uu0
1«1J.
I
A report comes from Glace Bay,
Nova Scotia that a number of mcr
have left there for this district, and
tbat" some of these are agitators against orgnnlsed labor. Tt' Is stated
tbat an agout from tone cosl company
at Tabor ha* been going about that
part ef the country gathering In men
•trlko-broakera and non-union men.
One especially is said to bo of most
tlsVeputable character, During tbe
itrifce down there be went about wltb
tbe Riot Act in bis pocket, and read
It wherever be found a few.men on
picket, He doesn't look lifce a miner,
In fact be was clerking for a number
of years, but for tbt past few yeairs
-most of whom are reputed to be^ has hen acting a i "■potter." „
On one.occasion Governor Dick Og-
feaby went down to Jollet to Inspact
the state prison/and (n one of tho
eells bOjfouhd a very ujiy wan.' "How
did you get In borer asked Oileiby.
"Abductlpn,» was the reply; "I tried to
run off wltb a girl and they caught
me" "I'll pardon you u soon os I
a-af Miek to aprlngfleM/ mtd the ro«-
ernor; "I don't see hew yen conld expect to get a wlfo (a any other way.--
l»ntltMlt(Wi<i     tt'«*"--   o^ft^^r"   f""t   T**m
ever fllod against n lnbor'ordnr in tlm !b«rs from intprforlnir with lltlnnln Cr\\.
United StatoB three offlclnls of tbe trnl property or omployca and notlflod j
unions whoso men nro striking for but. i„i..„„,i„„ »„ n.» /*..- •
■*»i.n,trinv rfln.ntinn. n« »i,« »!■«!. Md   pp°"° tho ,nJunol,OB ?n lho "Mt .formerly a member of tho executive
tor \worklnB conditions on the   Inrl-, Mon,,ny ,„ Jnnunrv<   Ab -Now Y„nr.„ i ^ m 1n,ornBl|onIl, BMOPtat-on
man linos wero recontly ordered by the ^nv Is n bnlldnv th«« h*>nrlnif will be I
govornmont to nppw on Jnnunry 1st bold on Tucsdny.   Tliere nro rumors
In the United States Circuit court's that prosecutions will grow «ut of the
Injunction proceedings.
,    B, A. Clnncey, of San>Francisco, is
tho labor lenders thoy might appear'th„ follrth mBn lm,y. risn«*<»y waa
ut  u.tuhU AUU **il*J*-lii<nk IfOli  *nt»tK<-IS
{oiHtorn district of Illinois at Danville.
The men summoned are M, F. ftvnn,
general president of the Hallway Carmen of America. J.' A. Franklin nnd A.
valid bearing moro,than nsme of dele- Hlnsman, vice-presidents. Tho court
gate'and alternate. Provided, tbat summons was Issued at the Instance of
If ahernate presents credentials and Is Jadge Wright of the federal district,
seated be shall be Ihe only reeoamfsed and it la approved by Edward D. White
representative throughout tbe sessions chief Justice of tbe Unled Slates,
of tbe convention." j ———
Credsntlslsi—"Cwdentleui most b« DANVILLK. Ills.. Dee. M.—Aeeord-
made out In duplicate ene to he forcing to Ci«rkD. Hogan of the U. 8.
wsrded to the SeeretaryTreastiMr en J district court and Aiilitant District
or before January W, *llflr the other' Atto'nw"- S* M. Clarlr. no suit nnder
presented at tbe convention to the.the antltrustlaw has been filed here
at the time dynamiting was being
executed under tho persbhnl direction
of J. J. MeNamara.
DRIVER    BOY    GETS    HIS    FOOT
CRUSHED  AT   LETHORIDQB
MINE
LMTIIBniDOB, inn •, -A snrlous
accident occorred at Xo, « Mine yesterday to James Milling, v driver boy.
whilst In the dark falling before a car,
and K*ttl»g hit foot badly crushed,
lib was taken to the Oslo Hospital,
where the doctors today found It ne»
eesBtry to amputate above the ankle.
He now Ilea lu ;t precarlqu** eoaditon.
WEAVERS' STRIKE IB SPREADING
MANCHESTER, jr»n. 4—The hvk-
out of the weavers and spinners In
LanrAihlr*, whleli1 h***n Tkoc. Jtn, bn«
extended to several mills at Bolton
and elsewhere, The conference which
took plsee here today between Sir
George Askwltb, tbe noted strike ar-
bitrator, and. tbe emptorert and employees laated for six hours, Vo •*♦-
Uement was reached and the conference adjourned until tomorrow morning.
Ll<~      Jl-
'it    -»i **.l*     'J'    -,__,.   '-+&';•?'
•'.Ct.
I^HHaBHHHWPH^BaMHHB«a^HBHiaHnMBHBaSBSBBMiBMHH^a^TT?TT^R
-t    --,Vi   V1 -\.    *"*''.t * -*^« --;>■-'•,  .,r.... -   a , r^5'^.-x^Jt tV..X*'---     *-'., 7v*~j"->'i>.^rir "-.'«-:'*-'i *.. ~.,    '    ■. ~* - -"*>.,-~ \v-.-i
., , .--^yyy- vy.y ■ ■: 7.-v:,>^*^?--;^^.^-\-'^5^^'        7   ~   *^;y^7;
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT.LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. 0.;-JANUARY 6, 1912     .7;^
ASmFNEARER
Victor Berber Introduces BillPbr
■   7'*   "      ' -     i"7'.-    . '" '" '* .-.-y'1 -"7"7*"■'-'^"' " .'"-"."V"t"*" '.-"*
T^e Nationalization of All
-, " sThe Trusts    s   v?:\H
. /WASHINGTON.—"When    business
' concerns have reached   a   magnitude
\-whereby they can control"the output
or the prices in an industry, it is tbe
' imperative duty o„f the government to
condemn and acquire their'properties,
and 'to" own and operate them for the
common good."
' This is the view of Victor L. Berger,
the Socialist Representative of Wisconsin, according to a bill he Intro-
- ducec at the oponing'of Congress recently. ' ,
.   ' It  has  been  thoroughly, proved,"
says Eerger ln the Introduction to his
, bill, "lhat- the' various legislative attempts that have been made to- check
•"* the concentration of capital have" been
"• based upon lack of knowledge and a
- misunderstanding of. economic - development. The trusts,are an inevitable
outcome?of the. natural-evolution In
-industry,'arid cannot   bo"' destroyed"
without checking the progress bf civilization'.    *. ■   -.  \.y -   -.:'' - y
•  ,.        ,  .,- ■*,    ,-,.-'
"Tlie,Sherman Antitrust' Law for
the last twenty yearSjhave not only eh-'
tirely failed to bring about the'anticipated results, but, on the contrary, has"
created constant litigation,   and   has
brought frequent disturbances to commerce and industry.  " The' trusts' intended to be controlled by this act
" have steadily augumented their power,
, have enormously, increased, the price
;of commodities and have forced down
the general standard,of living of millions of wage earners in the nation.
"Through their "ability' to fix prices
and to determine-the'quality of commodities   and' the  volume    of    production, these trusts have attained an
' almost - sovereign   power'   over    the
- health and lives of the people. These
trusts have •' also virtually abolished
the possibility of private ownership in
" a trustified"industry.      7 *.   "-.
.Berger's bill-provides:        '"     "   "';"
,-  '"Tha't^ whenever   the-'-marketable
"" output' of any "company, partnership,
association or corporation engaged in,
manufacturing or mining ..a   product,
by the government for it to absorb a
monopoly. *°   ;
"That upon notification to the'Congress by the Commissioner o.f Corporations of the fact of such precentage
of the said total output being produced
by any association or combination, the
Congress shall select, a Joint commission of' five members of the" House
and two of whom shall be members of
the Senate. This ' joint commission
shall appoint and Install a receiver' for
the said plant who shall take possession of tho same, and the said Joint
commission shall thereupon appoint .a
Jury of twelve experts,who shall appraise the actual physical valuation
of. the tangible property, real or persona), of the said plant..
y"That the said receiver, acting under
the authority of the said joint commission,shall thereupon! "cause to be Issued bonds, in denominations of $50,
bearings Interest at _the, rate' of 2 per
cent per, annum to the aggregate value
of,the ascertained valuation of.the/said
plant or,plants, and shall offer these
to.be exchanged at a pro fata,vaIueof
tho shares and bonds or certificates of
-"* /       ' r,        , *        v
ownership of the association owning
said plant' or ""plants. - -. 7 \,   f""7
; ."That Imcase of the'.refusaV'oMhe
owners of any such plant or plants to
surrender  their,-properties  ,.for    the
value,.offered, it ,sball bo. the duty',of
the' "president., to employ "such means
as may be necessary to take possession of.the .same.  .' - <.,    ..,. .'^ .*    . ■
"That .upon thefiJansfer oft ownership from private hands to.tlie..United
States .Government, such plants .shall
be' turned over to the. Bureau of Industries for management and, operation,, as hereinbefore set forth.'.
".That .'it shall .be the duty of", the
said Bureau of Industries tor make .immediate, provision for the, institution"
of-a sinking fund for the .retirement-
pf; said, bonds after-the expiration, of
not, more,than fifty years,".,-"",   y
'    -J^'
:"^[6T"Tnterst^te"^"rairsportafibh or sale7
o'r' any two or more such associations'*
7%operating5riifaer<-"a1ri- 'agreement, ex-'
' press or tacit, shall be ascertained by
tlievBureaiiVbf-Corporations^'be' 40
<-' per'cent' on'"mbre*'-rof* the"'total'output
for the- United' States In the' industry.
in which such' association 'or ^cbmb'ina-
tion of associations''is''engaged;^'the
plant" or plants' of said ^assbclatlofip'br
combination *-shall1 be" acquired "find
•owned' and.operated"* by tlio United
States- GoVw-nment'for'tho benefit of
the whole-people."        ■ •-''
Presiding .for the repeal of the"
Sherman Anti-Trust Act, Ropresentn-
tlyehBprgor.'a. bill authorizes Congress
to' create''n "'Bureau of Industries under tlie De'paVtmbnt of Commorco and
Labor for the management and opera-
. tion of such plantB ns- tho govornmont may acquire. Such plants nro
to bo operated on a workday of olght
hours, nnd undo.r at tho least, tho rate
. of wages, prevailing In tho respective
Industries, of which thoy are a part.
Tho following provisions In Borgor's
bill show tho steps that nro to bo taken
COD LIVER OIL WITH
THE OIL TAKEN OUT
A Triumph of Chemistry nnd
Pharmao-iutletl Skill
OU from tho liver of tho cod-flih bu
been used for ages as a preventive of
dinowio and a restorative '
For a long timo it lina been tho gonoral
opinion that tho medicinal valuo of Cod
Liver Oil waa tho greasy, oily part itaolf
—its only drawback boing tho unpala-
toblo, fishy tasto of tho oil, From the
first exports havo been trying to find
means to mnko it moro palatable. Thoy
uocd to "cut" It with whisky-take ft
In wine—flavor It with lemon juice—
anything to get away from tbat abominable finny tasto and 'smell,
Lots of pooplo ntlll tnko it In Emul*
filon form, which is nothing moro than
'"churned" oil—broken up—but still
granny, oily nnd a atraln on tho digestion,
Doctors woro slow to find out that
the oil was a distinct drawbnok to the
modlcinnl principles contained in tbe
cod liver.
Cnnlo oil Is qulto Indigestible, and
will, In timo, put tho strongest stomach
out ol ordor.
A way has now been diaeovercd to do
QUICKLY" STOPS COUQHS,   CURES   COLDS,
HEALS THE THROAT .AND LUNGS, 25 CENTS
WHERE DID.YOU GET THAT
■**" "<•    "MILLION '-"." '"' ■
'•   - '." " "By'Alex, T. Cairns   •
\yhere_dld;you got, that million,'sir?
Out-of, the life blood, of'your slave's,
'Out of a woman's "scalding, tears,   -
Out'\of • the' "children's   tro'mbllhg
,  fears,
Out of the crimson" crime of knaves—
That's where'you^ot'-tbat million•■ , v
Where did'you get that.mililon,'sir?
Out  or the , bartered  shame 'of ■ tho
strbot,
Out of the poverty grim as dospalr,
' Out of tho 'vagabond everywhere,
Out of tho cold and shoeless foot,—
That's where you got that million!
,Whoro did you got that million, sir?
Out of tlio,'fraud of the sabio gown,
Ont of tlio loot of tho hallB of State,
Out of deception and greed and hnto,
Out of tho cry of tho millions down—
That's whoro you got that million!
notice Nomine workers
.""-•* 7-7a"" 7-*''""" **•••*"■- •-t-'-y.-
"y\"Men'Iafie"" xifged to sta^ awayj
and Alberta.7>. ^n*Tere are hurirV
areas who r nave not yet; com-..
, -meniced to: work since -the set-,,
tlement^of the* atrike.7 -".'•• <y yy
tion would-be wrenched from them.^-
' rJ We: feel .thafdisorganized.jor' single;'
^nde%',the;»wojrSers are unable^|q;'Im-
«»ove'^xl8t"ing^pnl4iUdn^
^ ."«tit^^*^^^^2**^i^l
ithe'spoilpion'of labor."."S^e^Jore,"oS?
"c>y lKl^^and "orgah"ief*;|^(^;
' 7 Weak'^and ^aslly-' conquered ^.wbeh'
isolated; united' andJ 'superior number,
wprkingmen  "of" wo^en-rwill^-oiMe
Wemsely^tny'incibie^;; It tfie7ftboHng*
xlassey become'. cpnvinced- thatlunlty-
an^;prgahi«ation is- their,'-onlyj-.salya---
tlQhi-^enJ,^e*^m^loyersi*^
soraTofywealth" also^will find ;put^that'
if'dSes;nbtu'pa;'y' "to* gb^'tb ",war,.a7g'aihst
hrgahizedT l'ibbr.Bakers'^Jourhair- 7 . *'
NO DANGER OF ANY
SHORTAGE IN THE
BRITISH COALMINE
"gree has Socialist"; ficUvitif'-'b^
'B'iirope and the' ]bnlted';j^ataEh alarmed- the :-t!ontrollte'B«fB&tionw;of'--"die'
;"rjnIonlsl -party, in-vthts "country -. that
a-'movement' has'.b'e^a^atarted."]to:tight
■ ,- i-    it i *
Home Secretary, points   to   Deposits
■   - „ Below 4000 Feet *      ,* '"
L0ND0N7Dec. 29.—The'.fear, expressed by Sir William' Ramsay in bis
roceut speech to the British Assoc'ia-"
tlcn -"hat the'cb'al Bupply^ of the"country would be. completely exhausted, ju
175 yca-s '\y'is by & i means borne*, out
by Mr. McKenna"'(the ,Home Seae-.
tary). In , reply 'to questions' 'in 'the'
House...6f Commons!   *      .'•*,,    ,7';.'•-
-.■'*.',■.'   •-       x ■* '""',       -   ■     *••  >'
,:Sir,-William;^ Ramsay ., pointed, ,out
that nations, were really governed, by
the''relative'-price of coal, and\"wheh
our77prIces rise owing to the.approaching exhaustion of our supplies, ,we may-
look , forward,!! he said, "to, the. near
approach of famine and, misery." -
?7Mr....IiicKenn"a.'saId he noticed that
Sir^yillia'm's forecast of the probable
duration -of -the. coal, supplies of the
country-.did-not take into considera-,
tion- certain factors-which have an im-.
portantbearing on the" question.
,i, In the first place, his estimate took
no *" a'ceount -, of - the large amount of
coal - in the,fields,unproved at the time
of the inquiry of the Royal commis-"
"sion,.nor-"of."the amount-of coal lying
belpw7he depth of, 4,000 feet, which
tne commission.took.to-be the present
.limit, of*workable.coal, but ,which.,it
may,.lje\fouhd,J possible hereafter to
exceed..,7^ / .,.„- ,- ,.*, ,- .y
y Those two sources Jhe commission
estimated;at' over SO.OOP.O.OO.ffOOi and
fi,'opo,6po,('0.o;..tons respectively,.or..together.? nearly,: half as much as .'the
ambuntTof 7cbal7estimate57to ."existTh"
the proyed,.fields.. ,, ',..'.. *. ,.'.,--..'.■'
,. In thevsecond^. place, Sir ..Wil^amls
estimate .was .based on the assumptlqn^
that;the putput.of coal would continue
at any,rate-;for,some time, to increase
at, the same, rate as*,in the past. Tl*e'
commission on.,the other hand,,7considered tha,t. at a, time not far distant^
the. rate ,-of .Increase of . output
would, become slo\ver, .to be .followed
by, a perlod,-pf-stationary output,, and
then a gradual„'decllno. . , ...,, '
, ■ Mr. McKenna.added.thn,t the suggestion which Sir, .W.., Ramsay wasv,re-
ported, to ljavo mado, that .parliament
should Impose,a penalty.on,.wasteful'
expenditure of,energy supplies,.-,would,
invblvo an,amount of control over.tho.
Industries pf tho country which,.undor
present conditions, it would bo Impossible for, any government to under-i
take.,/,   7 ,"     ,.-,.,
Tlio commission looked forward to
tho Introduction of consldorablo economics ' in the future, hnd \ ho' (^Ir.
McKenna) .was advised that .both,'in
tho working and hi tho using of coal
progress was being mado in .that direction."     " „'       '.  .'    .
In
Unity
Our
Lies
, Orgnnlzod cnpital can always vnn-
qutBh dlaorgnnlzod labor. It Iiiih dono
it a tlioiiHiind tlmo and It- will contlnuo- to do It until nil workingmen
nro closer united nnd"" stand by ono
nnotlior, If lho workmen only would
refloct wlint thoy enn nccompllnh by
unity, or whnt orgnnlzod lnbor nl-
rondy 1ms Knlnod nnd thon notico bow
the iinoiKiuilzod lnhorlnp; cIiibhob have
been ilogrndod nnd tholr rlRbtfl. moro
nnd mni-o illnrognrdod by the employers and posucseorn of wealth,
The employers look down upon the
unorRnnlKod tolling mnsBos nnd mnko
This Is dono byPSvl'ng bo,,ovo not to ,{now tm u ,H ,nbor
A way uiu now been aucovereu to ao
away with tho greaso and lltn smelt, and
yet retain all tbe medicinal properties
ol tho liver.   This Is dono by removing
tho frcah oil from tho now livers.  Tho thnt kcopn society tofjotlior.     Tho
liver pulp Is thon reduced to tbe form [don hns tnkon root In tholr crnnlum
llil-) ilVvr VHWrtOKCOHH'll'tU W(Ul toll M« i •—""•' «>  '■ — - -! ■•"■'-      ..,^..„..„
irw-t, of mtvlt, pnd bcMln*- •wild rbrrr-/. Mn \h\v l>l<*n™thov *tr*»nt thr* por,-*!-*., It
It also contains thbtruohypophnimhitos,'apponrs'tn tho olmorver as If tlm poh-
Tills Combination makl* Nyals Cod   ana»nra  nf   tvnnlM*.   »nn*/n   It   n • rnmilnr
Uvtt Comnflund  a dollflous tonle-S*   ,° wonlth mnko It a roKUlnr
builds up'the-system, snd msVes you »t«(1y tf> constantly press lnbor to a
stron '""""*"""""       "" '" ------
ng.
Talce It when you feel vournelf loolnx
your
even tl
bottle.
grip.   Ill a pleasure-, to take-
lbs children like it.  $1,00 per luge
! lower lovol nnd curtail tho necessaries
of Mfn for thfi tnllnr «f> tl»*»t tbnlr
sburo of tho productions ot labor may
constantly Incrcnuo.     Where Is tho
If you try this remedy wn know you limit, how deeply can a worklnnmnn
will be pleased.  Nyal Hemedies wo sin- 1)0 degraded t    Tho limit that Is our
?*iuM SIS3. iiD9 cnrnc,,t op,n,on ,,<!pon,,"on thft nmoant
For Makl In P"crnt/» ttn-r n-t.irntuced by
H. 8. 8UODABV
of patience to submit tp oppression.
It iho workingmen were ss wise ns
their enemies, trusted ono another
(aught In a solldarlc manner wltb and
for ono another, stopped tholr quarreling among themselves, refused to Its
ten to tbo 'slanders, always so Industriously circulated by enemies within
and without their ranks, against tbo
very WM-n who pr-fthsp* have sacrificed.,
most In tbelr cause, they .would com
mand rospoot and accomplish good
work,,   , ...
Thoro nro mon who work day aftor
dny, year In and year out, to Improve
the conditions of tho laborer, naklng
no reward, expecting nono but the lovo
nnd confldonco of tliono to whom they
nro devoting tholr tlmo nnd tnlonts;
nnd wo have scon In moro thnn ono
rimo that hiicIi mon woro bitterly tm-
ducod by tho very onoB tboy woro n«-
slstlng, bocruiBu a hireling -press at the
Instunco of corrupt politicians, or
money syndicates, opened nn attack
upon tholr,motives, or because some
follow workors' jealousy of tholr pro-
mlnnnce, nnd tlio fnct thnt thoy hnd
ndvnncod nn Inch nbovo thorn, determined to pull thorn down. •
Orgnnlzod cnpltnl rumps its flngors
-yy. ACONDITION'S-IN CANADA ~r "
"s'y The; "flrsyrevlew'; of 'igenerai "condl-
tibns'in Canada, during the year which
is"-closlng. was'given, at the'Bank of
Montreal's annual meeting this week
by* its "president,, Mr: R."' B. Xhgus. He'
reminded us that the country has enjoyed a .'period of great prosperity in
almost every ■department of trade and
commerce, and has, undoubtedly' added
to '** its permanent,'. and; productive
wealth." Although this has, been more
marked in British Columbia, arid the
prarirlel provinces, '"* Ontario?- Quebec
and the maritime' provinces have hot'
failed to,participate.' '"
Some interesting, crop figures from
a'' capable and" well-informed source
were "given' by.,'Mrf Atigus7 The estimate of the" Western --wheat crop is
given Vy'that' authority as about 180,-
000,000'. bushels. '. While: "the"; quality
this year,'as' a whole, is not all that
bould^be 'desired,'", the"- average* prices
being.paid :fbr the 'lower, grades' are-
even' better ,7tban jthe'" pi-Ices', obtainable in many;previous years 'for!the
higher' ,grade"s',V"an*d consequently, the
net cash-returns will be the-largest
ever obtained from bur "Northwest;  ,
When- considering the 'effect' of t!he'
wheat' crop, in-relation-'to-its influence
on the prosperity of our bominion'/tfie,
value",of the.other cereals'.produceJ,in
biir l^orthwest'must riot be bverlobked.
If' we" accept "the present es ■•mutes'pf
the-" various1 r important' griins, which'
are as follows:'     '"   '' "  7'S'-' ",.,'
*'-'-   ,y " ; -i.y •     "   '"■'"'"'Bushels.
Wheat".'':.?.';':.'■':?.. ..77 'is^oob.op
Oatsy'.V'.-!."1::..*.'.'.'. .'.•..', 200,'ooo,oVo
Barley7'.'..:..';*".".•..."." ..'.'.-' 35",O00,*0O6
piax."., -7.77. ;"';• ::.■.". 7."'- j:6'oV,obo.
the' cash'-' value * to the. farme'r,'"'at -the
average prices prevailing today,*' wbulil
be approximately *$235,00"0,pd0, rioMn-
cohsiderable'sum,' considefinglhat" this
is '^exclusive-'pf' the''- farmers' receipts
from, various- other' sources", sucli 7as
live * stock,1 J>hay,- root' crops' and dairy
products^; -*■.* /'■- ■ • . i . yyy
uisWhlleiW^^reiinclined-td^lhirilEitb'at
•the-wheat.'cropswili be several niillion'
bushels'less "than" 180,000,000 'there Is
no .doubt that'the higher prices "for
■the ,low .grades, will compensate, for;
lospoB-in the production of hlgbgrades.'
.-,i--"'Mr..Angusvdrejp attention tp i,he"'im-
portant factors creating- active "industrial conditions.^-British-and foreign
capital-has,; been .invested freely-.-in,
the*Dominion',ytha. stream of-immlgra-
«tipn;continues,' and railroad •edustru'e-
tlqn Ib proceeding apace.,1 . Ready-made'
farms, ho says cannot beisupplied'fast,
enpugh-ito moet-ithe wants' of would-be,
sattlors.', - We -would: prefer that' Mr.
Angus should not.-placo omphaslHupon
\iie statement.' that, rallwny enterprise
is, being followed .'by largo landholders
,nnd,..capitnrlsts,.bf Great Britain, who,
from.patriotic, motives .in some instanc-
ob, are making, such InvoBtmentB. * We
are Incllnod to believe that tho primary
reasons nre that such Investments are
good business,, and, are madoln-onp of
tho .most attractive lnvostmont fields
In tho- world. „ Incldontnlly, patriotism may figurp..; .,'    '■>    *      , < . v
Dealing particularly with tho industrial position, Mr.- Angus- statod that
manufacturers bave been fully, occupied, .and that.now industries of every
description aro bolng created In overy
part of tho Dominion. . Tho, Iron nnd
hardware trado and groceries nredodd
edly good. A largo nnd profitable business ln boots and shoos has booh transacted notwithstanding tho,high prlco
of leather. Tho dry goods trado,/wan
somewhat unsatisfactory, stocks, bolng
henvy nnd demand light In-tho nprlng,
thin bolng largely n legacy of tho previous yonr, Improvomontjfl .boing
mndo with much bottor proBpoctB'
Woolen nnd worsted mnnufnoturorB
Buffered from the compotltlon of foreign Imports, Hnffllsh goods Intended
for tho ovor-Htockod American mnrkot
being sold horo.—Tbo Monetary Times.
THE TRAMP  PHILOSOPHER 7
-V*
red,' Rbbespierejvarlet*y.that knows'ho
God;an*!.Is callous of the real"interests
of:ineh"land*.wbmen^^^^^
Promoters'-' bf .thef crusade "call - the.
'-".v^"r.-.'-*-
I used ter' think the'House of. Lords,
- Haristocrats, sbtfe;;callB7'erQ77 '7-v
Altho' them .socialist blbkese-^y-"'1'
Wlv other name's-iceelhaul7"'emy*•*«*
Fer-Instance "bloated rich,"., - .;...
That name lis. gbod-erioUgb^for-such.-
*■',    ;■;. v --• • 7.-,- -     i-
-    ' -,v. '•    ■;, ""'- v",- •'-, *•
I used tor think'as tHeywas gents:1 .
As hacted on the strite, ' 7'   '-"'*;''
Until I.read a'scrap'6' nbos""\'•   ■' "■"
About some'great debit 7 " \ '""<•
On "Social problem's,"great .reform,
Speech tikes tho* House'o' Lords by
,', '"    storm.",, t "':*•   ''"-* * ' -_. ■
** '.   * ,J-,"   ^. * ,v'   *-.- °
Accordlh'"to "that scrap o'* print
11 never'will forget,   "    '    7'     "'
Some gouty, old', bald-headed bloke, ',
,-As.wears, a.corohetv V\-A
Waxed eloqUenVoh honest tqil','
And puttln'* tramps to 'till*, the soll.S';.
..-,■''   .' f.'-.„7"': -.|.."*. >,. .'• :.„%*',   ,,
Accordln'- ftf this ^queerr old', guy.;, ■ -
The orful HfeTwe led.' '" ,7 7-
Sleepin'^ in hay "ricks - and Bleb-like, . ■
And begginV^or .our; bread ""'/ '
Ought strite to give the'nation>ause
(Loud cries ~ of "Yob" and great lap-
-s7 "'."-plause)'.'5,'"-.-":" "-'-'" '",- , "
"We-.was a'burden.on the rates,"-'*-'•
.-vThe'sly.old'fox;declared,-. " '. •'
"We • was a riuisarice' an^-a" pest," * "*' '■
•':"The"m'.was the views he •aired.*" ':'»
"To -work wepught" ter he 'compelled.
Orelse we'ought ter starve,"- be' held.
Nahfaiin'tthat rich'! the llkes"'o'''im"','
'■■ vTerhay"o';us-tramp-blokes'.'< ."«•""•'*m
"WeT'should ";be'*> forced •*to work;-br
7r7'i7 Starve,"' /i"*,.-<>i>(' ~u'7^''''\
^lAin't-'that the'king-o';jokes?. '-'y'Sy.
Lor'1-.'im' &s never done'a" stroke ;-'-f"-7*
O" "honestVtbil," ain't tbat a jo^e?"'. r7
„"', .***.j,', ,.,-.'-,■. ,, •   .   ...    .*-. .'7.1. -.*"
''..*'-■-y ;        -       ;■ -• -1".'1.;
But-riah 1'knbw the cunning''game;':.\;
; .Thesly old schemer played,"**; "\y-
Professional .jealousy ybu'.'ftet''; *; 7<_
•y-Was^.what1 made, "im* afratd.!. 'S<Sy
For-'l.'don't work, add'he "doh't -work"'; j
And ,-wot -if air the' rest should' shirk? A!":
.'*y7'-',y „"  ,.;;;;.7;v;^'.;7!"
lCvms the-bad-example tha"t^-,:pT7.V;7*
f^*-yS€i,t^,-07-an==tue'^re3ir..-" ..,' i '.yZ'i -I'^^^^y
,1 lives'upon. the"'ppen-roadY"'^V'':"--,V-7
y.-An'. thrlve's upbh',thb bestVyi•*"-'?1'\'
And woUf all'theihugs:at wdrk'^y-.^';
Should fcikaifin their-h^ads 'to 'shirk?*
He'dlikely.'ave,ato3vork 'ims'eff,— *•'/-:
^'•.jHow.har^o-win'g" tb^-.tbbught'l *S-''-;'
Tbv doisome- honest;;manly 'toll -' ~^\S
'^'Or else lie*down an' rot."",-; ". ''"' 7
Tiie situation, would be'^blue1-"-:,**''':-.'
."Unless7he- came atrampinV'too,'. ^ '
: '»•(;■ .'",•■> y . y..y -^-Duncan-Campbell.-
enemy th^'-'xed peril.",:
'* One of^tbe'"prlncip'al7Unlbijist'pap- [,;
:ers has'bpehlS'itB coi'umhs to'S'gene^*,.[
ral ;jJiscusBiph bf"- the-"macblhatlohs,"' of *H
"'th6re:"wbo''.16oK'at all^fbrngsUhfough"
a haise of red, who could sweep away'.
tbeclpwhTdesirby'th^
the^teachingB\7bfv ChAstlahityYannuT
the' marriage laws,- and,; floiilV'the'
sacredness of the home.".   .',_ ./„''-.'--;"
y.'Clergymen of"all'denomination'^are-
joining'tbe"movement. ;J'*\ • y <,
PEOPLE NO LONGER FOOLED ,
., 8AY8 CAPITALIST SHEET
"v   ■* ,.,       . -*
7; The"rSf.,Paul .-'(Minp.), News -ppblish-1
es,the" following1 editorial under^tho
heading '"Trying to Fool the People."
"Out In Los Angeies< the almost cer-
taln.electlbn of a Socialist mayor has
the old fogies and ringleaders scared
to deathv       ]_€"\-\ '.'.^•','/• ." r-y
, "They seeri to avert the 7 Impending
slaughter .by crying:, 'Socialism .wlir
ruin the city's credit.'" They1-picture
iijrass ,growing,7in/ the "streets*" of the
city',",and people' un'able'tb sell or buy.
"_. "But somehow or other the'scaree'ry
isn't working.*. Prominent Wall Street"
bankers have, .announced that .they-
would "just as.'soon buy. Socialist bonds
as; any other., kind 'if the security "is
good.1'. ■ \•"••-. ,/.y7-':- 7- ■*;-., -7\.:'
' "The old 'game'-doesn't -work "as'.it
did." ■ '7 -yy yyy t'*'ys 1
^-'"That? game-is-'dead •" and -done for;-
People haye' progressed.!', They cannot-
be,fooled as eSsily'as they once'were
by- the";self-seefcln'g poli'tlciahBl;'^ The
average" man's flrst-cc-riceiTTln* thlsday.
isito have' asdecentja g'oWrhme'nt"as
average -humanity cah-sec'UreVahd'-hV-
doesn't - caria< what* iiame"r'it' Isi-called'
by. 7 >^77;«--.?^v«-'"f
'•'■>ty{py:
and
-i.-'/ji^'i
y,!:»v*:.• 7
yv -.>-7w^7
'.^.r-vi*,""!,^..^
'*,- '*yy -%jy -', vyT""'.
^ImiMoi^77
Sold oh'the.:
^Merits of; 7'?-)}
Liniment
ruined ,, if -;"Job .^Harrlman^ ia 7 elected.;*;
mayor.','-. - -.-*«•■ \ <•>• .y.f1-". .-'.'J., i*- ".;.*;»
URGE APPOINTMENT OF; 7 7   7     \
'*" •' LAB0R;C0MMI^8I0N IN U. 8. ,'.
-. n-^ in' , . - -,~ '---r.-;.,. '*. .-*-"'"-- >*  \* ■ '
. -,r. - ,' 7*- -a " *"■'■■•-' ,- .
Should Have Powers Similar to*that -
yot the Jnterytate^Commerce.-~Presl- '
'"  dehV9Taft-Prom^
''moBt" to" Bring" It About. '*. 7: ~7"7','; ;
> \ "kl    » -   *  ■ '      "^ .   1 '       '  "'■'   ^      ■ * ■""  '     \   I
^ WASHINGTON,"pec.S29;^-U8ing the"' .
MeNamara- ewe"'as,"ahjilluBtrationlof,- 7
ythmi might be-'expected-agaih;in"this"- '•,*•"!
country, if labor, cbhdltidhs are hpt"1m7 -*;""
proved;;a)delegation, of Social;:WorliTy,
ers^ toilay>' urged" -President; .-TaftJ to ]|^i
'creatp a j labor'."commission. :?• Such, a" /
comiaission,-- the' "delegation »* told. Afie" (
presldent^'shbuld.'have -ppwera".cohe»& -
istent.-.witb1 fttbel Interstate' commerce"
commission,^ and ;rsbould -1 be *;.able Ho,- ^/,?;
compel1:testimony;t,-It'shb'uld'liivesti- ;:'':
gite and .makera'repbrt.'bf^the-indus";:..,'.' ";;"j
trlai'cqnditlons-ln" six^of the"mostim-V- ;,
'portahV**states' -during .theTpasti v'fit,, *.
Veava '' * J f v^V "',-'.•", .^■■»''""- --'■' •''■'■"' *!*• '-'
-S President" Taft'was'deeply'lnterbstedV' *'•
y.:r.
ahd'/prbmised; to "do':aH.he"7possiblyj-
•"..■?..        --,---   .   ■ -      .   cpiald"*'fo'th'o;end.'that-'s^ ,w,
-iySo-Los'7Angeles"'jsn't'going;to;be, sion.'shouidi'b'e" created."„*-y • SS''-':--   !!
-. -t\v y.*:.- -' /-..- <''!->"--yy.y*:-' ..yry-' y''7yy ./-''"tr--"",'-.,., "? ■     .,■
*■'. - •■ ">-».
3i" ,->
Canadian   Pacific   Railway
'■y\*
,;;.^--"
_. ..  ,,.,. "J .'-y •'-.*.  h*J'.;i~'!■'■>"". *."■   -     '.^•":7-Vi7.-->.',•**,-;*•-<- y-K'-'V^-?'.     '-i-f,",-,
l?.j>S ■;' , ,>;..r..y:yBy- Special Train fi^mS^y^y^jy^
';:SpokonVWastf/Frlday,""' January BOi, .1912^".'.Tickets''on "said. January"'","
;1rr^2n3rand;4rI31a.T^i''inalTretirrn71imit^
y "•""' '* -'- -y-'""1- -•"."•.'!'.!"'" •y.x"-'-^'- '•': ■■"v.--'-""-' >'v"-""   ' ,7S'!'7777"7%7 ^
.   Fare from Fernie to Lbs
- > \ *-• t*"----- .,-,-..-.»-,.,' i, < -«ir-"-*;-:-;   .- ■■*■► ■-"*.?■*'•'■ 7. ■y.y y --,',.\y^"-.
- - Going and returning vla,-.Spo,kane.;.-,-'.;. S,\.'..y. \\S~yy.,..-"htSf. $1,J1 >W'S#
''; ^Going jvia. Spbkahei returning .via Seattle .-">. \\'t\':.'ff\S. ;"f..; y $125" 20 ^':y
7   Above fares, include berth and meals from '.Sboliane"- on*" going 'trip,"
•'    -Forffuirp'articulars^regardlng these' nnd 'btlier/Excurslon rdtes.T.ap*- "-
ply tb nearest C.'P. Ity. agent, or to ■  ' ''/ " 7 7 ;-," ---,''...'7 ' ',,„'.. 7" J
., R. .G.'*,Me,NEILLIErDl8trJct Paa8'ehoeri..Agcnt,' Calgary^".Aita;. 7  ' "'
"•.*'•v.^'v-.'-.v"!*"::'1-.-      '-'7.^--'7-   \'y ''-L \'~,; .■-l>-"--: . '•'•
.-■>*■■
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■<-A^..y X'y.-;"V •-?.-;■,'',.<.'.•: ■■ •■";  - , <7 '::••'■,■■ •■   ' .',-.-\y,' •-.■"«   ,.,-1-';; . !-\.S~ >y<s.y *  '-r.   «...',.*«*
t\  I -    ^«l«£M
,(.„,^.
:c:vi
1«mpt for It. Thnt corito-m-pt nrlnou
from tho knowlndpto that lnbor Is
divided ftgnlnst Itself, or if not already
divided thnt It can bo split up When
will workingmen soo Ihs nnd como
tiM»nfhpr   jntnlni--   Vinrt" witttii)    nm
fiojd of the organluatlon—-not in name
hut In fact—standing llko tho rock of
Qlbrnltnr, Impervious nnd able to withstand tho most powerful foe.
We hope at leaet tho bnkory workors of this country soon win be united
undor tbo very banner ot our International union. Although still a large
percentage of tho bakery workers
show no Interest In the conditions of
their trad*, tbo greater number are
convinced that without resistance their
condition would Inevitably go from bad
to worse, They fr*l that It would
only be a question ol tlm* when th*
rlthts and benefits of tbelr organic**
THE WAV IT SOUNDED
, Two Rlrlii woro InlUIng ovor the
phono, Doth were dUcusoIng wlint
thoy should wear to tho, Chrlstmns
party. In tbe midst of this Important conversation a masculine volco
Interrupted, nnklng humbly for'n numbor, Ono of tho girls became indlg-
nnnt and scornfully BBkod:
"Wlint lino do you think you nro
on, nnywny?" ,    , I-
in,.., bant ifiti Hutu, » mu uoi ttuiv,
but .iiiiU-hi^' friixu whnl I bnvo luijird
I hhould any I wns on n clothesline,"
AIp*-. Fnuliln, M, R, consulting on-
Rlnoir to tho rirltlsh Pacific Conl Oo„
'       *    ,       Hlil.lt. irkVu^ 'Jl.t4i»*HiH+       latiM.!*1*!
where he Inspected recent develop-
iiionts on tho compsny's proporty, comprising over 8000 acres of, conl lands.
Ho is well satisfied wltb the-progress
mndo. and oxpects tbat In lesu than
six wwks tbo mlnos will be In shape to
mnkc Initial shipments at tbo rate of
100 tons dally.
Or. de Van'* Female Pills
,A r«l,»bl» Prtwh r*tg-a~-torruw UtJ*. TheM
fhng
Per 8»l» st Blssstfsirs Drug Stert.
i v. ;* ',*
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,/'    .   :-'
V"V"V,'••/(   I,..
'-.   .4",',,.
For DISTRICT LEDGER Reaaers
') ('-.'
Spend Your Money  with   These
. General Merchants.
Trltes-Wood' Co. "
"*   ■*     -..(...
Philip Carosella ■>
I      Weber's 8tore, Ltd.    ""
Butchers
'■    "41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co,
• .    ,,..,,..    i.  , -
* ,1.1
, .....    1 >
Dairy   •
Fertile Dairy
Where to put up ,
Waldorf Hotel
.King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel.
"Central Hotel
floyal Hotel,
King's Hotel
ii
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
Royal Hotel, Nelson   ><-'--    -
Pj»fit-h»rj- Hritfl, Pnr.r.burfl.
Ileal Estate
C. E, Lyons ■"
M. A. Kaitner
Joe Qrafton
... Union Land Co^ Ltd., Natal, D. C.
Hardware
J. D. Quail
Trltaa Weed
Sewing Machines t
Wm. SartM
Your Bank Acct. ,
Bank of Oommerco
Bank of Hamilton'1    ' ■    T7;
Home, Bank   '
Imperial Bank
*•        ■ " ' ' '•- V '
Lumber Supplies
■  Kennedy* Mangah,    '-  \
Fernie Lumber Co. ■
' '_ ,   ■ ti
i - '
Billiards and Pool
V/, Ingram, Club Cigar Store..
Wines & Liquors
, Pollnok Wlrie Co, ,y
P, Carosella. ,   -
How to travel
,     Oyer the Cr«at Northern
Over the 0, P, R.
Blacksmith
'   *'   r*   miAhrx.iJ
#
When you're dry.
■ Mutx Extra
1 Livery & Cartage
' George Birton
Professionals
1    DENTISTS
•*. Or. Barbsr   ,,
. LAWYER*       „ x
EcksUln 4 UoTaggart
Lawe 4 Fisher
W. I. Pssrtsn, 8ttn«f r»]»>Hy,
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MMMM
■HHMiiHta. .^*;^V"^^m?r*~'iX"-'"-;. -- :.-
-   .- -. ;;-JhTr«*-.<sf'1*iS*^c?:-'----
■'7'ry77
"T^-i^WjM^TW-ttT* *-
r^mraiir-i-iti-iiiK^ ,"'.!." TH'Tw''"'*i''"ii--JrnrirTiT-rTni:iwi.iii
"'""'P ^*'1* Uti—u\*-»i^Ww<u>rw<ii' »iifin!i»am ' --*"—* ' *" ■"
fr?.*
THEDis-m^
~ <..,.. Ki**..-t.
yattentlon'yburaetterrtbBu-TCll^which
h »*:, was; publlsEed. by.jMlekle.'.at'iypurC."w-'
•V V^quest;" ahd'fw^iile^hpt.-wishing'touchier
R'ijlv/• . :-'i?t°: ^'■ w^^V®rsy dn :.'the.. maSer;,l
It** li-7"' •* a-m^feelin'g'^cbnsfniihed.-1 tb; point.* fput-
ll (t^ / - iWhat I;;consider!;are some - errors'.'-in'
J *W" '•" ',.r^'?8SPi''1'S *"*d ~-**c,: 'wo'rganlsatibn^^sj.
■Aw^ . '-'II-believe; Iiam7stating7a?7*cbmmbn.
|k|'t -Vground wtienyTs^
^•"v";,7- ^Mh,6 .woikers^and'^a'clear»class^uh-
77 '\*OTatandinglare;.absolute
if/ij - :77think'"alsoyth'at*whew?k'"I'8'possib!e''to
~ long ,but wo*;are ,nbw learning that" a
-., Moses7only'-'leads'i";ua".around..In^-the
s."^  Wilderness.'and' not- out-bf;it.'.*.*and. In
1 prdeV^to^offset.-the- efforts'!:""of V the
"Mpses^we must-have *a.clear under-
" - standing- of'-the'gbaii* and-"the" way;-1   '
yy • Many ot '.y'our^stotoments ■ as to 'the'
,..,'- pjtfislf ion* bf ".the "workers are 'correctj
;;y.but ,quotIng:;y^urself,;" "Education -• is
7 ^Tthe' only' lever*thaV-can.'lIfftb^e^wprk^
7 ers". 9Ut',;of '"the ,'social slough'.^ in
which ' they ;b re f embedded.-, . tet ■ us
-. - have ^intellectual 'revolution.!.-"-. J It S'.-is";
< ■*■not'safe..'to' trust; our' smart men; our
.,- "iafetyjlies In bur collective.'selveB.^An'
y ignorant .proletariat\"is''a7mehace"rto
VitseW.'^ahd "if' you had yourself p?ud'ied"
j
;. 7. £Trae,^Distri^
., , miners and mihewbrke'rs;ih!.thisidis-,
;trict,,have'suffered losseain'this" par-;
.v   ticularboutrthiiis'-npt.the^
I ft I -7 such".a/thing^hasi-occur^^wd'iV.Is
«   »" -■"*: safe to say.that lt7wili not'be'tthejast.
;,This i8;lh-*ltseif/a^ for
' .those who/suffer-byoit,'and the "causes
-" "shbuld'call'fbr'thelr^serious coh'sldera"-,
,'7tion..and "investigation.;y ?'"' '■" -7 ,'  <
$ L\>7L.VYour-p'pinipnJseems;to be that this
^ 4s ^entirely, the teultof ,.the ,U."-M^r.aW-
7of A.',' 'exclusive' ofbi'strlct'lS.- •yr'-i* '"7
•^ ; f7;.yYqb'*k'nW;'asj^ell as'J,; that organlz-
& -' •". eel. labor has', met-.with\many' re"?erses;
,-■ andrdefeats^nbt in'particular'thymine"
V- workers," buKallCorafts? >^ThIs '"can-
"not' be Charged ph*rthe7wh'ole' tb "the'u!
Fi
Hh
7'*,M77^->*of 7AlV;ahd_'we. nSst-lopk"; for
--., other;causes.--." - *y--,.vv—^?,..*»»-7'--:
',' The'workers' geherally^brganlze- for-
the purpose, of ."'collective .bargaining,''
:_.hy-which-means they/hope tb enhance
■~*-th'e prlmjof-theirfohly/veommodlty'^-
* labor power';.but" lacking a khowiedge
- of-the law's^'governing ''commodities;';
'-.-they"' often -find ■ themselves in- such
J'.pbsitlohjhs.we-are.'at thls„'tlme, and
>*    "  not knowing, the. real reasons are wont
'   ■    to ^npap" maledictions'Vpon ithe head
i of'"John;Doe", or upon tho.'organlza-
(' .tion'to whiqh thoy - may*.belong, .the.
.-'r w^Ilp,' considering  such ^ organlidtlori
•ao being merely Its "offleer's, and tbom-
v,,selv.es"riot,a>pnrt.  ', <-,   ., "".'}{'''.'
'r:*\I:certainly.consider,that the XJ.»;M.'
W of A.i-mtfst of .ijeceBBity'"chan'go*4iB"
■< tactics' and methods- if It. is to .accomplish'anything* for ;{ts' memberB,7 or
^ven.'lf.it'ls to continue its existenco,-
9, jf\-.,iand the samo'appiioa with equal force
. tbairbthor trades unlona-thnt Iknbw,
7 anything about', but can it bo oald that
' tho,policy followed by tho U. M.".W,
of A. Is not tho policy that Ib approvod
"of by thb majority of Its mombors?. Do
you not think that thb officials represent at lonBt tho'average Intelligence?
I know. It. Ia'nrguotl by matiy that'the
-majority do .not sufficiently Interest
.* th'omsolves in their "own welfare, but
this doe's hot alter tho abovo fact, and
' In'this connection I would refer you
' to the extrncts I hnvo alrondy quoted
' from yoiir lotlor and my own lo Dr,
-'Gordon..  ■'.' .'   "■      „°        .'■.'■.
The chnngoH In tho economic situation that hnvo alrondy taken  place
-.'slnco the' birth of modern trndes un-
. ions, tbo centralism tion of ownorship
*. and control of tho means ot life, aro
noticed by tho workers only In a slight
degree, and thoy hnvo not yot fully
• roalltod tho nocosnlly of a revolution
In tlielr methods;of protecting them-
> wives. ngaliiiBt the ovor-lnoronslng In-
socnrlty Into which tliey are bolng
forced by theso changes,
■If wo nro to make.any,changes in
our methods wo must ot necessity
havo a full understanding ot our position, and tho nature of tbe transaction that wo aro forced to enter Into,
In tlio following I have taken tho liberty of quoting from "Capital" by THB
economist, knrl Mnrx. On p. 187, vol.
l.,,ho sayai * *  „    . ,
". :. .thnt the laborer, Instond of
being In ihe position to sell commodl-
,«'    i     .-«.."■.«   , .      ' *     , -- . ■
U%m   tU    MKtul    u.»    lMi/i'(Hjh*.t    4*    Ul-
'c'orpnrntcd,' rriunl lip.oWIjrcfl io offer
for salo as a COMMODITY tbat very
labor-power whloh exists only In his
living aolf."'     ■" ' • ...
Foro 4lt   "A commodity Is In the
At H^-.a 1%V«t   An MM **"V "lrt/>» M«fl#llrV/« ««l*t     ' *.
*.»*■« 1* J"'    '   < ***• "■*■>» + -*1" >♦ °rf*W>«rf **    '* ***
thing that by its properties satisfies
human wants of somo sort or another."
Pago 40. "Wo see'then that that
which. determines the magnitude of
the value of any article (commodity)
Is the amount of labor-time socially necessary for its production."
Page lBOt "The value of labor-pow-
es is determined ar, In the ease" of
•very other tiommodity, by the lsbor-
time seeassary tor the production, and
consequently for the reproduction, ef
this special article."
Page IM:  "Hw minimum limit ef
the Taint of labor-power li determtrw!
by ihe eommodlUes, without th* dally
.supply of which tho laborer cannot
^Pago 58^r^*.'1;;the ohahgeln^the
-reJaUoirjirf of ^d^mand. andi.suppiy.rex-'
B"^ined:In~regard to the price •!of labor
as '{.of,ali^otber; commodities', ."nothing
"except its' ;c£ahges/ile.7^e"bs(dl'uitton8
of,Jthe.,mar*ket-price above or below a
certalnfmean.''*. If demand, and^supply"
balance","-,the" pscillatlon;' 'ofCprices.'ceas-
esi,*' all "other conditions remaining'the
same.    • But, the,demands and 'Supply,
cease -to -explain anything';"1, Th'e'pfice
of labor "it ''the moment >heri: "demand
and .supply aro in equllibruim,' la Its
natural price, determined, independent--
ly of ■ the. relation of -""demand "and
supply.     And"how this price Is de-
termlned-ls;'-Ju8t'-the,/quesUoh.-.-ir. .".' .
Thls*7had-'7hathr'aily ' to"*:be'""deter-,'
mined otherwise than,by its own'compensating variation.'^Thia price which
always finally, predominates over the
accidental market-prices of. labor and
regulates them,- this "necessary-price"
or "natural pflce"-o,f,labor-can,*as with
all 'other"commodities; be'nothing, else
than"*' Its :>aluo" 'expressed ^Iii'" money."
VWhat the labor" organization ofto-
day/aims "at".Is',the regulating bf the
supply of'the particular class of labor
in";which they are .concerned "bo that"
Xhe^P^col'may' be "above, • or -at-"-least
may^noVrfallt- below •'this value,l and
naturally* the opposing, forces.Strive
fpr.\the; reverse. . .,, -       „t'   '
V;,We;khow; that the masters .have in
'.thiy)Btruggle all. the'^powers of Law,
Judiciary dhd physical ' force", ranged
oh'thelr side, as well'as'the,most potent;, factor,, a generally -over-supplied,
labor .market. - The fact'that, the; workers _ in; a given "iocality^withhbld the
supply of labo^power fqr^a time from
the market; Is not 'a-guarantee, that
there will ;be a^shbrtage:*of the 'commodity generally','and the'signing of
"time, agreements," generally speaking,
absolutely nullifies., "any1-such attempt
to 'produce a '.shortage'by; giving the
opportunity to'themast'ers to stock up
"embodiediabp^p'ower,'.which was the
case in our own struggle (the-parties
chiefly*-concerned,-' hamely;"the; CiP-R.
having a stock^on -the, western^ lines
sufficient to'.carry - theni';1 for.;Tthi-ee
months,.from^ April".'-lstvifrodiiced;-"by"
the mines Ih""the;Crow's-NesVPas's).
and'which'places.us. in^tWposltIon*bt
flAmnntlnn=!nnnin'n'. ^..>u         ,   .        * **      _   «      _ '■ " *
■>.   -.   |,;i.
PAOE THREE
Wll.
'ft"fViu.&—a&aiuBl,^'VUl-—UWU-^JjrOUUCCT"
ahd.-nb't-'alohe-that'of bur '.'Brotbers"-
infb&er Districts. "': y77y?y ^'•,!;-
You;-knpw;"as'-yeIi;a8 l/",that.-the
bbsses'are personally Interested-ih'the"'
prptection bf their, prpi^rty^while' the
"workers are withhbld'iiw\!thefeViabbr--;
—-er.,an(l here,;in .isblajted^cas^;.^
bjoy may .be'striicfc^Wheh;"
Individuals can "be' found^jwhp,
them in,'off:se'ttfng|t'^s'Ypa^|
ticiilarijtow, inen from' ourpwit'^anks,-
yfel are >pt ,"tb' SorgeCp&t^eyffi,
the^sults. of .their- eSvljron^n^an'o^
not directly, responsibla^-f^ytli^ifc!
dividual acUoiis; 'and^onl^s^Sn^ihem.,
traitors to .their'own/c"ass^^a.:thisbeC
conies "more prohounced'^cauaej'IttiV
"close^to homeV' - *' -71^5 yfeCv"
;''-"■* ■• ',- , >" - "•-•<?■?.'■" --.j-"-;^S'-'- ^
',. .The' whole labor,' moveihentvfce'rtain-
ly iB in some, need'of'rebrgahlzatibn
along, entirely ^new Jines^but. insofar,
as District' 18;,is. cohcerned,->-dp,}you'
honestly,- think that if" we were) tor.tell
"the "U. is. W. of !A/*p-gb..ahd,,c*h'ase
themselves;  and Tseek^anj^offenslve
and defensive..alliance with; thev*Caha-.
dian .railroad men -until .these antediluvian gentlemen were retired' o'r.born^
again," thatvwe"wbuld,be -in any^dif-
ferent position tq .that, in .'which! we
now are?    ,SureJy you-k'now.Jbf/the
numerous different .organization's   of
railroad /employees.. existing;, at ^tblsT
time; ■ of;the!fact' that the engineers.,
themselves have =.two   organizations,'
the dishandment of one, being already
obsolete,;waiting for   and -dependent,
upotf the death of-Its," adherents;* of
the .methods of entering into "time'
agreements',' as with ourselves, which
are held sacred whether they.are entered-Into under coercion and fear-of-
hunger.*or, not.    They are, certainly
in heed of the. same reorganization", as'
ourselvesr.»apd. a comblhatibn ■ under
such circumstances,,.much as* it may
be desired,' would certainly leave us no
better; off. 7,." .'   -, 7 .-•-,.  ,'  .-77"."
7'I could certainly agree with'yoii that
"If the workers would.preserve them-,
selves from Industrial slavery theywill
have to;cast aside these old-time..Bhib-
bbleths and' cbeleBce". their." industrial
forces'," if ybiiwould "say ''free", instead
of7preBerye.";,7 "With- this must "be
no', time; cpntracts, that prevent .them
from.acting'ih 'inison and'.taking every
possible ^opportunity, .to"; gain- advant-
age,'a'full understanding of their, class
Interests, and a;determination,to end
the'struggle by.^their own full emancl-'
pation'iand insofar as,this-Is concerned; it is only, a repetition of statements
made, to, *'the,.members' of ..Michel
Lodge .more, than\two years ago", and
which! have%made;ih piany.  Locals
since .that time/".''" .7'; „;.   " ',.  •;"-. ^,
,- This requires "knowledge and' intelligent "action • oh;,the;', part of all" wage-
workers, and;bur.-own-time'.devoted in
this direction wiirce'rtaihy be productive bf ;mb"reYgob<I "results than if we
mereIyrtake^he^pdsitibnrof"T:h^icoiib~
ciast.; :yj/^-yyy. 7;'-'"
..Yoiirs ih the" struggle, - V,"
'-.   v >"/,'•■ SySvC. STUBBS.
.' *-.**.
:;■ 'Juicy navel oranges with' a charming -
7 tree-ripened flavor are now for sale at your
dealer's,. They'.are,vpleasingly economical
~* •   -   *   j.  --y^/j?. addition, the dining'table can be fur-
>'' i -  * 'L- >n.lshea with beautiful silverware by saving the wrappers arid send"- .'
7lng •ti*le,n t0 V8 W'th a few'stamps ton partly pay charges, packing, etc'     *
-   -   .„ ino^»»*'« come in tissue wrappers marked ."Sunkist."  Your dealer -
.-.;• will .supply you at extremely reasonable prices.    ■-„- ■ .;. '■' "  *.   ,;• "       *'
;;      ;, "rTree-Ripiencd-Picked^ With GIov^b        c
Only the very finest oranges from the'best California groves are oacked '
'.- under the namei "Sunkist.",-'^ach orange is allowed to ripeKnToutkVtru, thus
.producing, tbeowppderful"Sunkist"flavor.';At maturity they are carefully
;   picked and packed by gloved hands.^        7,-...,.      ., ,      r.       _a"lUily
7   -   7   2    ;      Seedless and Solid ","'
v 17 ,.2.very "'5I?k,s,S''■/•*r/«'-."   Eaca *s so»d meat-seedless nnd juicy. Most
,„; delicious and healthfulpf fruits.' Most wholesome fruit-for children-better -   ,
, • than sweets.., Tones'.digestion and satisfies "sweet tooth." ,
f>'..      Begin Saving Valuable Wrappers, Today
■ -1' u   .?e,s,"rt *? say "Sunkist"—not merely "oranges."  You w'iil Itndw "Sunkist"
, .py their handsome appearance and by the printed wrappers. -        -,- •  *
.7   .;' This Is Your Beautiful Orange Spoon v
>,.- •-'  Save 12 VSunkist1.'orange or lemon wrappers;or trademarks cut from wrap-
,. pers, and send them to us, wiih 12c - . to help pay charges, packing, etc.,   ,"
■..<   and we will send you this genuine Rogers'silver orange spoon.-   In remitting <■
., y please. send cash when the amount is less than 20c.; on amounts above 20c.,    N
• • i we prefer postal note, money order, express order or bank draft.
.   i4 "Suukisf-Premlums i "Sunkist" Lemons
- '/.Send,for full desorlptlon.jminberof Mns( CcnnAinir-nl
- < wrapped.and amount of cash nooessary   «•"•»"■* ««COI10nHCai
. rt.to aeonre each article. -.,    .        . t .Thin-skinned, extra Juicy,
.TaM« Knife        Oyster Fork .and each comes in a valu-
"*-"—'-'     CWld'aFork      -   ■ able "Sunkist" wrapper.
Insist on them," as they ko
farther-than other.lemons.
They cost no more and the
wrappers are valuable. Recipe booklet free on request.'
California Fruit Growers1, Exchange
..-'   Table rork; -   Cnlld'aFork
' Dessert Spoon * Orange Spoon
• :    Child's Knife      Fn.it Knite
.--Bouillon Spoon Teaspoon  .
. . Coffee Spoon   .*■ Tablespoon '
:.'■ Salad Fork-      Baiter Spreader
105 King Streat, East, Corner Church Street, Toronto, Out
034)
7/BRITI8H   STRIKE  RIOTS .
DUNDEE,? Dec;;'20.~The arrival of
troops iput;an.end to the dock strike
disorders" which .last night resulted
in a; pitched'battle,."the dockers repulsing a strong force of police and
dumping .wagons'Uoaded with goods
into the watery- Several persons were
injured iin. the,'riots "and a few mills
have*had,to";close owing to lack of
coai. ' ' "'y!,i7yy
LONDON;7l>ecr.':20.—A crisis", has'
once more occurred'iii the cotton trade
following",.thefth'eratened lock out of
1,000 operatives,";-iat -,-_ Accrlngton tonight.--^The-Rouble; arose over" the re^
tention -.or"^two ^non-union men,, who"
refusej.iq,-join Jthejiinion. _ The strike
may ..Bpread'Jto1 other, mills before"
Christmas.
;,By James Gillespie,;- \" •
.There muBt be •" something J terribly
wrong -with "bur present os-called.clvl-
llzat'ipn'realizlng that today with mod-
ora, raachtnor'y ,wo can ^produce !from
ton tp/flfty'-.times more commodltleD
than^cbdld be "produced . fifty yoars
ago with the anmo. amount of help.
Ar^wo-llvlng'Tfflfty times better, than
the -workers,, lived fifty, years : ago?
Most worlcorB will ,anBwer' No! '.,77
At present the workoro flricl.lt hard
to'elto out a mere animal existence.
Millions of honesty hard-working'men.
nro trainplng from' place to plnco in
Bonon .of tho work nnd in most" ensos
tholr search is liivnln, hundreds of
thousands of workers are only a month
or.two removed from charity if thrown
out^f employment. , Tho,chance to
earn a*living by honost'toll Is becoming harder and lia'rdor ovory year.
Something must bo dono, and1 dono
quickly to change this horrible system
that comnoln women ,and Innocent
llttlo children to suffer for tlio wnnf.
of tho nocossarlofl of life in tho mldHt
or plenty. -
To quoto tho wordB of HonJami?i
Butler, "Thoro must bo something
wrong radically wrong with our prosont system when ono man can nccii-
innlute onough of wonlth In a fo-v
yenra to mnko Solomon's rlch<w look
llko a boflgnr's patrimony, and nnotlior
hardworking, Industrious mnn, ulonif-
Bldo of blm, Just an desorving, whon
ho dlon. has not nnyod onougli wonlth
lo lay hli old, worn-out frame away,
"To-day tho workors produce so
many goods with Improved mncblnory
and receive so small a sharo of tho
goods produced (17 por cont.Hhnt ho
crontfiK a Biirplun for Ms "mnster,
which ovotitunlly, thrown blm ou tho
scrap iillo until his mnntor dlnposoa of
tho surplus goods; flno 'clvllltntlon,
• «,.(-»    ,..     «      . (
HUlitUtO    L.IIU    il>Cll,   iMiUKll.)   iUilAtli    Hi
rtnrvc brrmuir they bnve •jirnflurpfl
too many goods. Tho chattel slavo
received hotter treatment from his
master than does tbo wage slave of today. * Tho chattel slavo wns cared
$i\*>  f*»    *h11 *!•••* r t f      •*•»"!    *1 1    »- riA TT**   it»#*i*^
iissured of, food, clothing and shelter,
ovon whon bo had harvested his mni-
tor's crop, and wai enjoying a season
of Irtleneis. Tbo masters' mules aro
fed and cared for during Industrial do-
preiiioni; tbo wago slaves and tholr
families are turned out to hunger and
dlo,M*   ■■-'
Olorfotia drllteatton. flmtes better
taken care, of than nan, tb*» Image and
lik«a«M of Ood J Would not our pity
for the poor chattel ilavw hare dli-
appeaed had wo knoum that each year
he walked proudly tap to hit matter
to folmrmly deelsre that bo liked bit
tlavcrr Md wantid torn* more or It
and endorsed tbe Iniitltutlons that sup
ported It?" .'Thia <is'what the wage
slave-of/"today does every time''he
goes'to the ballot., box and vote's his
master's ticket. Ho puts his stamp of
approval upon'a system, that, make's
pauperBout of tho working class and
mllllonalroBout'of the Idle class. The''
fundamental blasphemy of. our so-called civilization lies In tlie' assumption
that It Is'right and natural for tho'ma:
Jorlty of tho pooplo In the-world'-to
bo poor.' What opinion could we have
of tho.doctor who took tho position
that it was right and natural for men
to*bo in a ohronlo condition of disease?
And yot .this conclusion Is not moro
monstrous thnn Is the point of view of
tho polltlcnl economist who publishes
learned books ba'sed on "the assumption that It is right that the majority of
men" should bo poor. ' ' #.
"•"'Tho poor yo shnll always have with
you," How many times hns this saying of Christ boon mado to servo ns n
buttross for ovory conservntlve nnd
cnreloflis vlow of soclnl conditions. People, nrguo "gravely about the imp'ossl-,
blllty of abolishing poverty an If poverty oxlatoil in tho world na tho result
or a natural law, such ns that, which
controU tho sweep of tho tldo» or the
falling of-tho rnln, Now, of courso,
tiioro Is no denying that In ovory ngo
of tbo world thero hnvo been mon, Inzy
and spendthrifts; man wbo would al-
ways bo poor bocaiiBO they lnck ro-
strnlnt nnd prudence, mon who squnn-
dor what thoy hnvo; doubtless thoro
will bo always such men, Hut thoso
aro relatively few, Thoy aro bo fow
In proportion to.tho whole thnt thoy
need hardly bo taken into account In
tho proBont argumont. 'Tho poblom
wo nro considering It not do spendthrifts dooorvo ta bo poor, but ls It"
right that tbo wholo clnsHoo of men-
workers,- ns d class, are very poor;
that, when .their lives are not utterly
squalid they' are stunted and" broken •
that ..tfioir .environment Is such ns to
shut" out 'not only tho" beauty'of the
world In whloh wo live,, but also to rob
them-of; all,"that finer horitngo bf
though" tVand", culture. „, No' thinking
mnn, with a consciousness of tho integrity of his own manhood and a sense
of the' duty • he owes to his follow
can ..possibly1 acqulesco iri social conditions' which prod.uco such a result,
Ho i*i. driven into tbo revolutionary
army by tho vory deop-sontednoss of
tho evils with which ho .would grapplo.
No roforms, no" Biiporflclal nonthums
will eradicate injustice so fundamental
as this, ,'   ,      ■'       .' (i,'   '
Society Is upside down, Tlio ob-
vlods,thing to do Is'to,'turn It right
sldo up. Tho working cIhbb Is poor
becauso It Is dependent on a capitalist
class, And tho cnpllnllsl clnss Is
rich bocnuso It owns tho lnnd and machinery of the world's production.
Socinllflin Is simply tho proposition
that tho working class nnd* all who
sympthlj-o with Its causo should tako
tho world Into public hands, When
onco men decldo to tnko possession cf
tholr own proporty, whon onco aocioty
bocomos n unified and orgnnlzod ii-nin-
elation, tbo problem of poverty will
vanlnh. Tho world contains, enough,
nnd much moro thnn enough, for ovory
humnn bolng. Nnturo literally pours
Its bounty upon us. Wo simply havo
not yot loarnod to llvo together In a
Rnno wa. Socialism will toach mon
bow (but to llvo. It will ond tho strut-
Klo for more oxlstence, It will g'vo
us at last tho opportunity to tnko
hold of tho world nnd to refashion
It In glory and bonty thnt have boon
vlalonod, but novor reollitod.    Our In-
the, cause before'you can stamp out the,
evils, in pur present so-called civilization. •., And Socialism is-the only positive remedy. '.; Workers get wise, fear
not "tbe1 name of Socialism, any other
movement, no matter what name you
call it,; will besought just as hard by
the capitalist .class.- Our present form
of rcaft- organization is* denounced by
the'capltaUsyclass, and is spending
hundreds of thousands of dollars every
year yto: maintain 'its very existence,
Witness ".ttie •present struggle of the-
shop. trades'.oh'-the'I. C. railroad for
the recbgnltibn'of7 the shop trades fed-
eratlonyv.'Y^;,;capital loves labor or-^
ganizatlons like„"hrrl.' Workers, the
capitalist class ""is a.parasite sucking
the.llfe-'Tilobd-:qut■ of yourselves and
families, and'is'aa necessary to society
as'fleasvo'n'a'*dog's back, and the only
real, method to shake Tthem off your
ba'ck isTto:-vote!'the. "Socialist ticket',
which -willv'cbmpel" them to get' off
the'workers*'backrand to'do' useful
work: or to* starve. -Labor organizations without'a .political party financed and controlled by the working"
class is like a ship without a rudder,
what it gains Ho-day may bo lost tomorrow./,'''.'-'" ,
Labor must elect' men of Its own
class, to. take'care of jts interests ln,
tho various "legislatures and judiciary courts', .before thoy can expect
to get rid of'injunctions and other
abuse's of our present so-called civilization. Workers, you would call a
farmor a ,fool, a fit Biibjcct for an Insane asylum who would put a fox to
guard his flook of "chicken, Now,
honestly, would you not? How much
sailor aro you workorn who march.up
to the ballot box on'oloctlon dny with
your chest puffed out ond voto for the
Republican or Democratic party, which
all tho sane mon know are financed
nnd controlled by tho capitalist class,
and aro responsible for Injunctions,
Ponnypnckor CohbiicIcs, kidnapping and
all other abUHOH heaped upon labor.
Got wlso; voto the Socialist'tlcUot.—
Tlio United Mlno Workers' Journal.
ONTARIO LADOR VOTE
tho majority of men—ataould bo poor? bor loadora * nro continually showing
ilH.IV UJUKIB ittl UiUUUU  UM  UtUliUUUUB
of mc-ja o£^1joa' \ht< iuw-1 UafJ-jJ Uui vS
work that enn bo done, work which
builds tho vory foundation of our social life nnd Ir bo necessary that to
ImaRlno It slopped la to Imagine a
„.,_i, , i. ... i,   .<,.       —.
mining coal that warms ub, growlntr
tho fool tuat wo eat, fashioning tho
clothes that we wear, i building tho
houses, that wo dwell In. Surely If
any men should bo comfortably, oyo
should be rich It Is thsss. Tt may
ba truo that otber man are doing mora
orlglnat wort more Intellectual work,
wor* Uinl roqulros a rara typo ot mind
and hands. Rut this does not -altar
lb* Un that tb* niif-nal workers •>.«
furatablnf too tuit-taa-acs wttbou".
which tb« higher lli'« «?eold wt ♦tlit
for * moment; It cannot blind ns to tb*
fact that tho workera are the raally
organto part of society. Am! yot
tho IncontesUble tact remaloi that tbe
up mo horrible conuuions oi too wcrk-
lua chit, (v&ulliith >r.v-»< </{•*- wuitnL
system of govornmont, and iho rn-
Jorlty of th«m fall to point out k
remedy, and this namo majority marches proudly up to tho ballot box on
tWA.'uO.k <ut.*j   AUU  ^^.V*. Mi   + VA>l>VittU-
enco of tho system that Is responsible
for theso horrible conditions. For
Ood's sake atop prating about effects,
tbe workers are witnessing the effects
alt around them every day; what tbe
workers want Is a remedy to eradicate
the cause. Up to date you hare of-
ttn'lt tb«« none. Your offlrjul posl-
tloni and supposed higher JnteUlgeoco
surety ought to devise a remedy. A*
doctor whose heart fs In. his work,
wUa called to treat a, typhoid patient
always tries to fin* eel. the e-rtghs ef
the dlsesse and whoa located ttmedlM
it, and It would bo,r.aa"Jt Ignoraiioe It-
treat tbe effect only wlthon^ eradicate
leg the cause.    Ton ffivat ersdieate
HoBldos the hovoh Soclallat candidates who ran In tho Ontario provincial oleollotiB, there woro sovon candl-
datoH put up by tho Indepondont Lnbor Party. Allon Studholmo, a mold-
or, was elected In Hamilton West by a
majority of 731. Ills total voto njon.
Promlor Whitney mndo a Hpeclal trip
to Hamilton to try and defeat tho
Labor candidate, but ho could not do
It.
Labor mon ran In six out of tho
eight scats for tbo city of Toronto.
Por Toronto East, scat A, D. Ilullock
got 027 votes; and for Toronto Kant,
Boat 1*1, J. StepbenBon received ROD
votes. For Toronto North, Boat A,
Wm. Stoplionnon polled I,.11I5 and for
seat H, Jas, Richards polled 174 votes.
T" -Y. I *. .. , . ^T.
.   V. »^.V..»V       MVUIU,      ..4.4*4.      4%,        M ,      J*..
Tnvnon polled M?, vot*>•'.. nnd fc-r Toron
to West, sent Ti, Jas. Watt polled 1,501
votes. Tho I. !>. I*. polled 4,080 votes
In Toronto out of 41.000 votes cn«J, or
over ten por cent of the vote.
T"VlA     T        T *H*i*t"V     I*!     ••.rttfil *•>*•*-      «l      *1     i
result and tho leaders declare that
they will have candidates In every
ward In the coming municipal elections of Toronto as well as for tbe
Roard of Education.
',-7-sf
uook st the label en your paper snd
see If your subscription Is paid In
sdvanee.
' i,
',.„ ■ .Ojjen a current or.cheque account'mfcii--the^,-
Home^Bank and pay your- housekeeping;vorJpVr- .;•*
, sonaUbills.-'by chequeN* This is a niorf^^sin'essi7'\
like ^method'" thanv-by-* paying with cash, "out-: of """.*'
' hand. ?Mr6ur*cheques are receipts for the amounts-i
they'represent'and';at the ..end of rcaoh'mohth *- •
your cheques are returned to you,-.with?your '
bank book accurately balanced."
208
- Ij.
Head
Office
TORONTO
J. P. MAOpONALD, Manager.
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fernie Branch.
Capita^ Paid   Up    9 2,750,000
Reserve &. Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets 7.  40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton has made
saving slmpler-by elimlnatin gall unnecessary. Bank formality.
.., An account may.be opened with the
"deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount -will act as an incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to a sum-worth".while.   ' " 7>  *
J. R. LAWRIE
Agent
Head Office:
HAMILTON
erial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
.6,000,000      Capital  Paid  Up       5,996,900.
-  5,996,900   • . Total Assets" \.     72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President  ,    -HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
,7, BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,. Fernie, Golden, Kamloope, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
'"   RevelstokV, Vancouver and Victoria. '
-*i.._. . ^,--_=,.—    SAVING8 DEPARTMENT'
7 Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from rfat» nf rf»r«.i-'	
/FERNIE BRANCH -V^ , GE0> ,, B< Bej_L; Manager
KENNEDY  &  MANGAM
itiO
PRESERVING LUMBER
, Is now occupying a great deal of
attention.    It's a good thing.   ,
FIR8T-CLAS8 LUMBER
is getting bo scarce that somo
dealers do not bavo any at all. /
Wo havo plenty, however.. Wo
make a speciality of handling
only" high-grade stuff, which,
wise dealers will toll you, ls
really tho cheapest.
OFPICK and YARD, IMePHIRSON Aye., OPP. Q. N.  DEPOT,  MR NIK
Electric Restorer for Men
T." r'i I,. 1*(upn>pm tttaiem 1 rMtarw
wa**J ntH.t r pmttiu* Amy *vt »H m»iI
wtikAMM iwim el mt*.   riitpj-tmnii will
C*n tk, OMH*rl«M, 0*|, ^
Vwr tele *t ttieaidetl'e Drug Store
A MODERN MIRACLE
■ •     >
lie Hed Ecccmn 25 Years end Doctori
JSald <(No Curo.w
let Zam-Buk Hai Vorked, Complete
Care.
This la the experience ot a man of
high   reputation,   widely  known   lu
Montreal, and whose caso can readily
bo Investlcatod,  Mr. T. M. Marsh, tbo
gontleman retorred to, lives at 101
Dolorlmier Avenue, Montreal, and has
lived there for yearo.  Por twenty-five
. year* bo bai had eczema on bis hands
and -wrists.  Tbo diieajo first started
in rod blotchu, which Itcbod, and
when scratched bocamo painful.   Dad
loree followed, which discharged, and
tbe discharge epread tbe disease until
hie hands were one raw, painful most
of eorea,   This state of affairs continued for twenty-five years I
" In that time four eminent medical
men tried to cure him, and each gave
up tbe case ne bopeleae.   Naturally,
Mr, iMarth tried remedlea of ell kinds,
hut, be, alio, at last rave it up,   For
two yeiu-e be bad to wear gloves day
and night to -terrible waa tbe pain and
Itching when tbe elr got to the eorei.
Then came Zam-Hukl lie trlod It,
Just ai lie had tried hundreds of re*
medlee before. But he soon found out
that Zam-TJuk was different, Within
a few weeke there wore dUtlnot signs
of benefit, and a little per*mvnrance
with thle great herbal balm resulted
In whet be bad given up all hope of—
a complete cure I   And tlie cure was
U\J   \-\>.*v<Jl»l)    lult),      it   hM ^UliiLHiu-
»nt. TT* *wee -furt-d nMrlv fn*»T y*>n*fi
ago. Interviewed the other day, Mr.'
Ifareh aald: "The cure which Zam-
Buk worked hw been ebtelutely per*
manent. Vrom the day that I was
eured to -the present moment I have
had -no trace nt ecMmn. end t f«wl
sure it will never return."
Tt you Buffer from any akin trouble,
cut out tbla article, write ecroee it the
name ot tbla paper, and mall if, with
one cent etamp to pay return poeUr*.
to Zam-Buk Oo„ Toronto. We will
forward you by return a free trial box
of Z*m."Bnk. All dniffirtot* end storee
eell this femoue remedy, 50c. box, or
three for flJB. Refae* harmful Mb*
eUUte-a,
Gm      P.      Rn
Annual
EASTERN
CANADA
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritime Provinces
Tli'luH* Kkiioil iii (..'iiint'illiin with AtliiMllo
H|i.iiiiik|iIin Mill lio i>ii wiln from No*.. "1 llfo 1 >(<*, :I|m| liinliivlt« unit llnilii^l 10 11 ui
I|IIII||)|H I'hllM (lulu of Insiih.
KImkkI <'<|iil|iini>lit,K(Aiiilnril Ktr-I Claw*. 11 lid
'I'liurixl Hii'i-jtinir ('(ii-n,   llliilnif (Mm
•    un all lliniiijtli Ir.ilii*.
('oiiiimitiiiPiil, Ulirnry. Obnrrviilion Cnron
"ImiM-rlrtl l.linll<*il"
TICKETS ON SALE
Dec. 1 etto 31 st Inclusive
, Roturn limit 3 months
Aj.pt>- uraruDt C i>, It. <>|-'.nt for twrtUiiUn
nr will* It. <». ««NKIU,IB,
l*i»u i'A»"<-iiifrrABt*|.t,tr,lj-iir)'
A vote for Socialism it a vote to
remove the temptation and powlblllty
for political corruption end comtn«i«Ul
wickedneM*. a vote lor cepitellem le a
vote to place ft premium on dfshonwily
and to compromise with the devil.
11 itmrii    Cnnrl I
LllOljff   iOQU
and Sale Stables
ii
First cUie Horsei tor Sele.
Buyi Hunt* en Commteien
f
r ~*a
.v ^,,0, ;* wi1 ,«**„.. ^r-'?./'l
'  . "il
George Barton    Phone 78
H you want AU-, TUB NEWS aub-
acribe to tbe Ledfer-fl.M per ann.
it" '     K'    ~ -Il -*   ' **""
PAGE FOUR
.,:-,. 7"" -> 7yy -,. 77""* y , -• • 7 -"" ,-,•"-.-'77*""*- 7 1;'  '..-r7    ""'-:'-- A^y-7^7^"--Vr^yy,y."'- •      .   .' * *. ■-*'•"•"*ysy,'y^y*Sy? >.:.. e.yv--" ^^9Jryy^yyy:yy7\yi ■a'.-yyt--1^'-^ y-:S^ySy^y7 I
7           "." .-7   7"'-"'   - /***£ --^i-v". 7    7    '"*     -   . .•■'■'■%-7S" '   , yy7'7^ 7-     , '   jycy^^y-!-v*: '? -■^■s^vsy^y^ssyyvyy^ *'.y7^.-yvyyy^yy'y''''y7-yA''J
- .•    ".'  -        ...   -".■".,  >"           , -   - - ■>' -1'     -.'**. ""■'--.  ,,*.' t  *  /         ,*"-'--""f7'r-        ,' '-."7"f - j-- .,'     ,                   • ■" "■- >-"^',---',".- »o. iT .,   ,*     -   v-';:i ''■C-K^-'s'-y,   • "V*1-* :- y ■ '•   -'■•- .rt-o -'-r.. 7' - ?-?"'•■•" V   "   ,--, -\      -. -"* —- -S.
' -   *y   .- ■ •  ■    ■ y         ' .         .  ■-"' ..,.   ,,-•-"  -..-  - ,. y-y-v          ■    ^77-^-. y .y *-          * .* ■ :* -. v ; ;.*-.y.y .:-\..;.- ..;-yy-i.r;f7--. •-■:-,-;..■'■-■ ;*.•*,--v-- yy 7,'.-..;" ;.«;.-. .--. \   . '<■-'-"_"■-.1
*   -    ■ ' "/  7     ~ *~y " <■    '-,,  ": o7      '.,   7--:. ■    .-....'.-. ----' 77-*-. 77-y- *;v7,7V-V'. .7 - .   ,-..      -   -'S~y7Sy-yyyl.. . ^yky -; yyyy^-*-,., t 77-'777 '"'T-777 7 .,.^7;-"-" ~  v " ':.-/I
/                   .-*•*   .'       ' '   vvrm mfl>TOTr"»p -T/KnnKP/. Iranian!.---v. n' t»ittt»y»w a-1010"-- --^.   ,/• „     -•,..-.■" ,-'-*• -r -'77,.- 'v* - ,y •''-■• .-;.,-.--v-;- >--. ,- .<.y? -,--., -    .*'.-.-   7
THE DISTRICT. MlDGERj^PBEHIB^oB.C.fJANTJARY 6, 1912
©ft* Ifefrfjrit fei^; t
1 ->"*■-■
Pnblisbed-.:every Saturday■v*moniing.»i;4t8,/6ffic«i,v'
-v-M*"  ■ 7 Vl     '.  ■■^y-c-'y --.---■->yyM,-7:7'i
Peliatdlv^
per year in advance.   An excellent advertising
■;• •   •--'...'-,    -.      -   .   ■.--■-   V-.--    •' *V7U-.-yv.
medium.  Largest circulation in the District;  Ad-
, ,    .-?.,.  .."*?...-V;';-;-,-,7_r;.',,   ■ uyyyyy :
yertising rates on appUcation77Dp-to-datesfacilities
••   -■ -^    ■-' *<-^jf,':7-; 77777   "• ■*.■'jsy"1' "v*.
forKtheiexecuiaon'of-all kinds of book^'job and
* 7        - ', •* ,-,^"" 7i • .      i        -**
* * J      * -      i       L i -j       * -•     ,    ■
i **V , ^ *
color, work.   Mail orders receive ^special attention.
Address iall comihtinications to The District'Ledger.
7 \-*"**   H. P;:NERWIOH, Editor;*
Telephone No. 48. .
Postoffice Box No. 380
PURELY DOMESTIC
v&tigate'd' things'*iri their;, search for,truth have,
With few'exceptions, been valiant;^nought-to*ehal-
ienge the intelligence of hum^anity.-by;de'clarihg the)
truth as'they saw itK'-TKe.r^'olH^hose who lave;
done so" is ■wellrknown'j'Dai^m'and -Karl ^Mari^re
examt)les.;  The bitter'criticism'from tlie^ntellectr""
"Oiti&etierBox'
7*.i*' ii?*/* -
S7yy.
r-.T"?9^" DisWRt'LeJCger'acceptsno iiBsporisi' •
, oiliwfor tm ylews expressed by 1U corres.'
■ pondentcQ-Commnnlcalions will be Inserted.
vwhethe^algned .by.,the-.real name", of,the
ly/nter.ori\no-aKgepljime* butth^vriterja
name and address muet-bo-given to the"
Editor «a evidence of spod taith. In no case
wul it be divulged without consent. \> -
NEXT Thursday the citizens of Fernie will be called upon to. cast thoir vote for mayor and six
- aldermen. The issiies'at stake are hot many, and
those, with one exception, of minor importance: To
the majority of-the electors -municipal matters are
of less'consideration, a big percentage not even
castingtheir ballots on the appointed .day. *. This
is very much to be.regretted,' although it can easily
be explained., "The,,-average man's view of the
matter is that it makes no difference who gets in.
Every candidate is.bound to claim that hewishes.t'o
see- a; clean and beautiful city,, has views, on vast
•"" improvements, and so forth "'ad infinitum. - -'As a
"matter of fact, however,.whoever are.elected the
^same order, of affairs wilt prevail'in so far as'taxation of property and person is concerned, and this
/ is,-of "course,.against Socialistic principles.. .,/The*
workers have it in. their own hands to remedy this
evil, and that is by taking advantage .of 'their-fran-
' chise.' There'is no reason why every inhabitant
of this, and other cities, should not qualify for this.
The two dollar a year road tax^is tp be paid whether
we .like it or not." "We'might'as well, therefore;
make use of our privileges.fasthe workers^ are', in
-.• the'majority there is no reason why they should not
run their own .ticket, and bring it in by a.thump-
'. ing majority. 7     • -   . .;!
1'-'     ,     "'    '' -'"''    ' #   # '""•
.«        , .    .  ,t •    , , ;
Over a hundred names have been- struck off the
municipal voters roll during.-theyedr.'   The reason"
7 given" for this-is* because special instructions "were
-received-from Vidtoria-to the effect that only those
whose propertyjwas registered in their'namies,. and
,. ihose who had paid the road tax.and had made ap-;
plication-to be.put on jhe^voter's list, w_er_ejen_titl_e^
nation'of-the open-mindedhess.of;the flunkeys -of-
Ho ll Hal.     •*•    .. .',,...■,  ,.- i'r     .   ,'.-      ^    --.,■>"'■»' ;
„  .J.       ■*'•..*>.':    ..    i   .-.•   -'- m^.j   ;>-.'-«.-»i i •-"  ,".-.wSi-"^">>
.The death-of.-Karl Marx amidst poyerty|is''no
credit ^capitalist- domination ;,in~!;,the;realm^oJ.:
thought; ;* Stll his work has now assumed the"basis5
of a leading, if not THE leading;phase>f modern
progress.. . !His doctrines are how no longer clamor-*,
ing- for recognition, but instead a great "army^'of
defenders now ra'ly around the-doctrines he laR
down, challenging.the,intelligence of men*by making plain the-process, of production, .. To-understand this process is to see .the emancipation of humanity by the despised proletariat as.no mere fancy
but as'an inevitable fact.:   !\'"      .,   ,
Thinking men who'had the courageto look into^
the theories of Socialism have become convinced
as to' the' indisputable result of the working out
of the capitalist system. ■ Naturally they have had
in relinquish many'old ideasthat were pleasant to
them.     Their investigations have'now a place in
1he literature of the proletariat, which is to be the
literature commanding more attention from now*
on. . "Having no fear of the-results'of scientific enquiry^ and looking only for the truth, it is natural
they should arouse the condemnation of those who
.fear the enlightenment of the,people.,"-7The.workers arevnot requested to absorbsall that' is'put before Ihem, but simply apply their own.intelligei'iee-
A little more study-of problems, in the light of hew.
knowledge,* can do_ no. harm-to the working class..
It is this lack of the enquiring attitude that has en-
abled'you to be lead!so long. ' It is this "apathetic,
state of mind that arouses the ire ofttimes.of'those
who' wish to get you thinking. ?- The fear of haying
an opinion contrary Jto that" prevailing amongst oth:
er people leads many-to accept the opinions of the
so-called intellectuals. -_ They naturally are going
to keep" you content with your, conditions and will
not disillusion you.-!?-Your ignorance is their gain.
Oan^you imagine for a'moment that they will assist
3rou to throw off the yoke .that means so much ease
and pleasure to them ?    ,Why are you so fearful of
knowledge when you have so much to gain?   Does
hot the vvtlfare ot your children appeal to you, and
ca'nnotyqu see that it'is your own-refusal to think
for yourself that means so much misery to your
fellow^men?    To thosevwh"o see the question as .to
when the workers, are "going, to^ realize the great
mission-before them is inclined to be tinged with
bitterness..   Still,, we'lniow^the difficulties confronting them, and how hard it is to cast away the
v'J^R-Eiy^}.
,.»^.i.,«_
.•■>- *S'v
.-47.* .
•»,,
L to vote." From this it' would appear that a man'
having paid off, on his property, say. nine thousand
dollars, and owing one thousand, could not vote, as
,,-it would not be, registered in his-harae; or<anyohe
paying.the road,tax,'but did not,make application:
'' to be put on the*.,*yoll- is debarred from ' voting!
Whilst this may be the law, and the law especially
on this instance is an "ass," jt does hot absolve the
> city officials from &t breach of their duty towards
' tho public.: ' Tliey should'^iaye in these circumstan-'
, cos inserted a notice in the press to that,effect, or
better Btill,;to have notified each individu'al'at the
fime of'liis making payment'. .The! officials claim
thnt this is not a now law, but simply its enforce-'
mont;     (■„-.■•".••„
•" •   • ,     ♦"
The Provincial Government have refused to make
a payment to tho city of Fernio for work done by
our fire department outside-the, city limits, *» This
net ion on tho part of the government should mako
residents of Fernio West and tho'!A.nhex cons^le-j.
their position. Thoy pay taxes to the government,
but do not receive protection in return. To our
mind it would bo better for all concerned for theso
places to get annexed to Fernie, In fact, we fail
to see what othor option is left them. Fire insurance Tates in that part is bound to go up, and
in many other ways it'would bo beneficial for all
con^criied to mnkc Pernio a larger city- inntoad of
having it divided into fragmonts.'
PHILOSOPHY AND THE CLASS STRUGGLE
'r#:Vtf.;^^^
ToVtotfLEditw;. District iidger;^?^
T"> ^r^;STr^From\the '"tol^T'of^MrV
Lewl8i;ietter on-e-is.led to tji« .conclu-
Bion^that-;,I, ain., very*'sever* in ,iny
criticisni.'of;,him.\-_- It BucVis.the'.caBe
th«h^ allow me", to ^apologize for. any
thiiig^batl may, haye ?a'id that Would
cast any;.r*tl€ctioi*..upon' film.-., I have"
always understood.tha('.Mr. Lewis Ib
one.of the best and fairest of game
wardens that; we ..have ever, had, the
fortune, to] have,in .this district, and
a real, good fellow/ This,is the'opinion I haye heard expressed on all sides
and by eyery' sportsman in the. district.
But' what I,' and the gentlemen0on
whose behalf L wrote, found fault with-
was the,, remarks Mr. .Lewlsf was credited with making to the editor-of'the
Free PresB,,' The. whole sum and substance of the matter ls this:    Some of
the sportsmen-are accused bf being
greedy;* and,further, s their, greediness
was such that (mark you,i according
to,!the Free Press)-Mr!, Lewis could
not, discuBS same, ln measured terms.
Now',' Greediness' is not Illegal; it is
of ■" coui-se, j an immoral, o°tf ence.; ,. "Mr.
Lewis Is'the custodian of the law7not
morals—hence,,I ask.'.What.has.oeen
the kick?-And,-.have,,,the sportfmen
(or" some of the-sportsmen) merited
such wholesale condemnation?. To this
I,most emphatically'answer,'No!,  If
the lawhasjbjeen observed,then .why
all* ,'the abuse?',XMr.' LewiB says the
law has not-been.broken, therefore,\on
that! particular' point the case must
rest7^y^y^.-•• •■•-  - ;*/7'-''
"iUusion-Tqf ~tbe past7ih^b¥juliction7with1the power
of starvation in'the handsof.a. class ever.ready to
use repressive measures - against the •■ messengers
of goodiidings." The Gos'pelbf "a freedom, more
extensivei than-is the message . from any pulpit
throughout the world!'il, the'clarion call .of the
final-''Class .Struggle" caused'by the capitalist
process of production, and-the result of which is
beyond the shadow of doubt. -But how long, 0 you
workers!.,, >How long! '■■''"       „-.•■'
'• The King, as is "customary, bestowed the usual
New Tear's honorsi upon "his subjects worthy of recognition. Amongsf'them are a! few Canadians,'
one of whom is the. Premier, R. L. Borden, %yho will
henceforth be, known as thes"Right Honorable."
This is one way of .keeping up the farce. - Boosting
and making aristocrat's is a paying game, for no
one is more anxioxis to'preach and teach servility
and the dignity of loborthan'tihe newly made "blue
blood;*!'- ,Premiers aro only,, human after'all, and
th'dy*'are/just as.apt to fall into the trap as woll ns
others. ■' Incidentally,' Bordon is a millionaire and
capitalist, and, if for no other reason he is entitled
to distinction. The more fact of his having enriched himself- at tlio oxponso of tho workers, for
how. else could he have made his million os so, marks
him ns'n man of "ability.'.      .    >-
, One would-not "deny Mr. Lewis the
right as a good; sportsman to express
an opinion, neither .would any reason-"
able .personVsuppo'se that Mr. Lewis,
like mos^pther. weak; mortals, may
say, things .that he does not Intend to'
appear imprint;-but the fact remains
that the "things, did appeaf'<*"were read
and commented upon by all the sportsmen in Fernie, and, naturally resented."
, "The '/Elk'ciub" was a title facetiously bestowed upon; the bunch of sportsmen who,*succeeded In -securing the
twentyjone7deer;at ths South Fork in
November, ,-ahd,.the fact that'..these
gentlemen; were,' all employed, at"the
Elk Lumber"Company's Mill'suggested
this. as. a..title. ^,Mr.-Lewis will find,
this', upon Preference' to your issue'-of.
.From"what I can judge, there.Beems,
to ^e no other^s'ue^unde^,discussl6n
bu£ whether we"sliall„have"a'i'cIosed
Suudayor ndt'r^or^my^part.I'h'a:-^;
no* hesitation'in.'stating'*;that' Fernie;
is * not?yet ripe* f or/sucfe'progresslve'ir
measures.'v "" -~.y -.^.-v .:;=~-",<"-,.. y--s^r
., "We, constantlyi*hear^"the, churches
prating about^the^rdyDay and7itfi
observance, oi* ,rather; as" ttiey, say^fts
non-observance. 7 If by-that th*y'Lin«an
the churches ara'not', ji^,-, attended! I-
p'erfectly agree^wtth-_th«^"^iit ji^et?;
to say ca'nnot;vs^i^thI^Vlth^theni'r
At any rate,^ beliey^tt'is underhand^
«d work, to ,rnakeytnytttortl on- fheir
part to induce icertam VMdidaW!,tb*
Etiind^for such !'pHnclpies''.';th"at'7wlll
force,' in .-their- ;7opinion*7 unwilling
Christians into .their ;churches!uarid incidentally swelling-their-coffeTB;7 ;,
Whilst not professing" "to''W versed
in Socialistic principles, yet ranv-be-^
Riunlng to think *ln't,this""bread,-ind
liit ter\ question w ro clten hear abou1-
it'sht be ,th-.i ralson d'etre"'for their
bir-nuous action.' ./T. 7 > ' -7",
However;"apart from all this; is it
just (and here I may refer tb your last
week's editorial) to.force slngW men,
and-those who' can claim no ..home,
into resorts which may be' more evil
than Veven" pool^ Toom6?7 At any
rate to me it seems poor logical reasoning to be so keen-in saving souls
on a Sunday and* not bothering about
them going tp - the, dogs during the
other six days of-the week. .- ., 'y
Taklng.lt on .the whole I. make bold
toflsay-that Fernie is a model little
city. ' Vice < Is not,- openly flaunted, In"
our midst;, there are no .indecent "spectacles to be sesn on our streets,-and
in every other respect t candidly believe there, are few better behaved elites in the Dominion,- notwithstanding,
the. fact-that'this .Is supposed to bo a*
luinlng'camp.-.,J *-     •• '  ..  ""y'•' ^
It our CItyY Fathers '■'would " rather
take lip. matters of Interest to the general community, not' only for one day
otythe:-week" but every, day during,
their term of office 7 (I refer more par-'
tlcularly to such' questions: as Eewer-"
a"ge,»recreatlon grounds", public librar-.
ies,;etc.); I-bjelieve. that more good
will accrue; than - b"y .legislating ', for
the benefit»of the ^churches;" . I &tq
totally tin, accord with you when you
say, .that you. cannot infuse morals'by
legislation.'., • ■: '--„ . *7•" ,,',.-".■"''
- Trusting that the voters will '-'turn
out In"*force and by'ballot show.they
.cannot bre made a "party to any church
manipulation's.-     » ■"■■ ''f7~'"'."
' "    yJi' 'Yours'truly;--'-''" ,./-. y"
",..-, ;'•.   ...       "   7 COMMON! SENSE'
i&X-*'*"
-.'..-y-y
- .-   \r-^-f
177-tFERNIE
Tif I**-""
_ ^-rsff^'
I
nr*0 tho avorago mind the mention of philosophy
* implies the need of study to understand anyone who attempts to write on such"a subject, It
is n Hignifiennt, fact, however, in tlio progress of
the working class in thoir strugglo for omnncipn-
tion Hint ono of thoir own cluss should ho instru-
. "inotitnl in propagating a Proletariat Philosophy. In
tho' prngrcNH of capitalist production llio leisure
afforded to tlio privilcdged cIiinh Iuih rcHiilUul in con-
nidwiblo time lioing devoted to irivoHliKntion into
fundairiontnl trtillis within tho rent1)) of huniiiii roir
son. Naturally lliolr investigations havo been tainted hy their class environment, which tended In
liainpur their unbiased Kcitrcli for truth, and'so
limited their scope of usefulness. . Owing to nd-
vanccs made in various branches of sciences the
old beliefs in Riipoi'iial.uraliHm, and various religious
idonn linvo boon Hlintterr-d. and tho moro knowlediw
tho people cnin the morn difficult, it Womns to bind
them to tho old itlons, Tn dnys gono by the miners
li '"en noted for their foolinh superstitions in
many districts in Grant Britain. ' Being at that
timo iifnornnl tlionmolvx'K, tlie ridicule of thoir sup-
er«tition«.did not havo tlio effect of quickly enlightening them, but often aroused their ardor to defend
what tliey believed was reasonable. Thoy could
explain lo their own satisfaction the reason for their
belief and nn a final rnsort often fell bnck on
"faith." that old "stunt" of the individual who
fcam to reason away a pet notion. As with super*
ntitionji nnd other cjhiral id<-A« of right nnd wrong,
tho searchlight of human knowledge has laid plain
to n gwtt extent the mould fn which the thoughts
of our teachers has been made. It has shown the
dominant influence of capitali'im on tho pre**, pulpit <wd ichool, io that men of intellect who have in-
TVd'notico that tho Presbyterians in this country
intend to spend one million dollars to spread tho
"glad tidings" amongst tho heathens and others
who thoy strongly believe nre in noro need of salvation. " Of course, w*j presume thoy know their business best, but we should havo imaginod that tho million could bo spent to hotter purpose by alleviating
tho sufferings of tho poor in this very country of
pence nnd plenty. Many heathens would profor
that if nny money is lo bo Bpent on them lot it. bn
on innterinl wnnls and not on biblo tracts. Tho
stnrving millions of Tndia would prefer to roooivo
thoir bounties and blessings in thn form of rico, olo,
But wo ropont, Cliarlty should boorin nt homo, nnd
tho Canadian poor nro in moro need of holp than
tholr lienthen brethren,
Your Vote and
Aiiiiuen.ee
*
For Re-election as
Alderman
For 1012
"December 2nd. 7 .,7777 ( 7-. 7-,
-.;-.J, yours truly, .<■'./'*
■; - .,.-;,'„ "'7 ,!7,ri-i^H. nbwnhAm."
7.  8P0RTSiVlEN"i, ATTENTION I.*
-   ^     , ^        ,-^   "^  ,  "S , .   t  '
-'. ,,; V i" St*;;' ■" Eikp, Jan..If 1912..
To the Editor, District Ledger:- . •..
; Dear, Sir,—I have, been asked by
the Provincial Game Warden, Mr. A.
Bryan,Williams;.jto..get, the opinion of
thV.'spbrtBme'n'. of, .Fernie district as
to what constitutes the spawnlng'sea-
son of th(e blapkjspotted>out (Salmo1
Ol'a'rkil), ,the apecies-cqmmon to Elk
River and^lts' tributaries. This |s being done, I understand, with a view tb
the "bettor protection.of our fiBh. The
question of a close season is, of tho
utmost Importance..', Thoro is little
use in having,a closed season, however,' unless it begins and ends at
the' proper tlmo, henco the desire of
tho' government; to gain tho opinion
and advice ot the fishing public, Any
information on this point w!ll(bo gladly received nnd* carefully considered.
Letters onsi.he subject can be-nddross-
ed to A. Bryan-Williams, Provincial
Qnmo Warden, .Vancouver, B. C.
As a personal suggestion I would
like correspondents to express their
views on the advisability of declaring
ncloso soaaon-'on.tljQ western wblto
fish (Grayling). Admitted this flih
doos not posses'* the gamo qualities
of tho trout, nevertheless as a food
fish It la worthy of protection, Many
a fisherman has boon glad to fill his
baskot with grayling,-when tho more
aristocrats trout refuses nil lures.
Then comos tho quontlon of the Dolly
Vnrdon trout (ehnr), Opinion sooma
pretty woll dlvldodns to whothor this
follow should hnvo protection or not.
That ho Ib a cannibal goes without
question, arid the larger ho grows the
moro his cnnnnhlllHtto tondonolos raanl
fest tlmmsolvos, ,
,Th« prosont close season for trout
tnl-OH effect on Nov, Ifith, and continues until Mny 1»t, My own ox-
porlonro In thnt trout spawn mostly In
tlio spring" months, yot I hnvo found
trout voiding Tlpo spawn In August
nnd Heptembcr. In answer to this tho
theory hns been ndvnncod thnt trout
In different locnlltloti hnvo different
•Jpnwnlng nennons, Thia theory in
fliipporff*d by tho ovldonco of somo
sporlnmcn whllo contradicted by
"».<(.-.
u 1" for jht* -mnjorlt*' to deride-,.
Thanking you,. Mr. Rflltor. in nntlol-
pntlon of tlila letter finding space in
your columns.
1 rema{n,
*fr tiHr>    4****tfT
.0! J. LEWIS,
Deputy Game Warden.
CIVIC ELECTIONS AND THE
CHURCHES
IVrnlo, H C, 4th Jto, 1918.
To the EMor. District Udgert
np«r Hlrr-At !*•■ time ot the ywr,
whfn the citizens of Fernie aw mow
or iert Inle^Ked fn the Civic !B#c-
X?'r. ^-i^}f^;i
'"^rr *-.^*.^.'stj'nS.."^^ - - i
.-•-" «r -^'47^^CyMC*NClWjfr"-M0Nj^
Tfc« ^k •!•©*/Victoria Aveu^ F«rni«,^
*-. •-  "'-  -'- "* v? -^  >.f'e":'    "vr-i".' V-**-^ .«•'■ -i,JAlsJ7i'S---J;M,7>7- :
f<-        * ■"■*       '/   I , .v-      1 —"■       ** * . t ',    «*■» -.* ■?-«*   ?*'/•■" ff-,^    - "^     '-s.  *■ J
•U'-l
r-ti
DAY CLASS .(Continuous -instruction throughout the day)-^Slx l^onthi
Coureif |50,'cash In^ advance; or'sii;payments of $lQ;p«r';m6nthr; ,77'.
'   f. ' '----,     *■ *    . ";'.',.      ':"'".     7* ''   -"1'""   ""tV"'- " -.-■* s
-' EVENING CLASS (Specially, instituted for.the convenience*of "work-,
lng students)—Three long lessons:per week, $5 per month, in advance."
*»*■
Special Hours
-■'   8p»clal Hours arranged to suit ttie. convenience lof evening 'flt'udentsi»'-'.
Rapid Progress and Efficiency Guaranteed
.I"*'       •'    • ,       '.' 1"       •'" ".-        .    ,       '.'I''."  '. „■   "s       •■>.,»
Special attention devoted to backward pupils, anc^ a necessary knowledge, of kihdred'subjects .imparted to ensure; sound, commercial, .efficiency.   For further particulars apply to W 8 Pearson, Public Stenbgrapheh.
Phone No.20   . .'-..--. ■,-'>-. ■   "■  v->- -\ ->•'
v.
' "7ri
P.O. Box,135
.At'
CHRISTMAS
t 7.
O   ■*>.
To the Editor .District. Ledger,: 7 ;'.'•*
.*"Dear„Sir,—The .Ledger is'-,'tlib*rbnly
.nflnan   itriiAitAm mn_nnn_Au*itu\iin^AiiKjjtn .
-liHjjvi-irii'bicumvupiu^cAi'rfcao'uui Y-'i'""
iriions,7and I should be glad ' ifj'yoir
could'.'find space for "these few ,remark's," ;. I .want each and-every" local
union -not- only "in" District "18, "but
others across-.the line, to know^tho
stand that some, of the so-called com-
mori-sensed. general.'^manag^rs'vand,
superintendents have taken. -7' In Local.-
431' Bellevue' none "of our* Local ^officials have been "reinstated, I refer-,,;o-
the 'president,' v{c"e-pr'esldeht, and
about live-.other members--who t took
,auy. active part..in the:'fight!'for. an
"existing wage.- 'Now, brothers,' fliero
have been over*70 strangers put to
work at this'.'.camp, and when any of
tho Local officials ask'for'work'.there
Ir "Nothing Doing!" We have already waited since the agreement was
slgnejl and It something is nbtjdone
"wo sfinll be hero when it "ends. ^TIiIb
rough "^tuff will have to be cut out,
for If this is,not discrimination I don't
know what la. What are you going to
do about it? Fancy,-being an official
of a "Local union doing yeur duty to
your fellow workers, nnd when work
bogins some other borthor cornea along
with a transfer from somo other local
and takoa your Job—your placo In tlio
mine—nnd oven noks. you to sell htm
your tools. Now, from what I can
read, nnd hear, thero aov> quite a numbor of local-officers being treated
In tho same way an wo are In Bollovuo. Tills Is, what thoso operators
call "using common sense." If
th.s is tho commonest sonso thoy havo
I think n fow of ub hornoy-handod
mules ojjght to got together, campaign tho"*wliolo of District 18, nnd
boo whether the workers wnnt nn organization or not. , Thoro nro "many
moro grlovancoB than thoso I havo
mentioned In this .llttlo burg, whloh >
Blmll mention another tjmo, but I hope
that, any other locnl union that hns
tho samo. trouble will let It ho known
through tho wholo of this district, nnd
not Hoop It'to thomsolves.
J romnln,
Yours for falrplay,
BLUEBELL.
Bellovuc, Jan."2, 1012,
7 1 «We desireto take this opportunity^ r
yv * -y - .'■■.r~;>:   ---v..';- - ■-:•■:,  ■-->* ■*-•-. •»**■*
..:  toywish our many customers' and   7
? 7 friends..a veryyMerry. Christma.s\ .1
~*i-and to return ou?yheaHyythanks7
a 'fpv thexliberal patronage, extended
'*"•* Jo us during the year,: '7 7 7
Vl-
:■&:,_*■
j.d;:quail
•* :,..
■■*• r
"\v
1   ,'.
% .."V.-:
'•iv.«"----
tlon» it m*y do no harm tf jwj ijtt*
m« space In your vslotbU {ttper lo
•Ir my views on malm ftpf»rtalntfi«)th»eondlttoM. but the tuppjyU wholly
-* tberoto.
MILLION DOLLARS IN
CHURCH BUD0ET
■1
Pretbyterlans of Canada Show Fine
flulnMr.-- Mum-.*.—fthalw «f r.rtlloninr
Acroii Canstla li Orowlna-
—Clergymen are Scarce
TORONTO.—Ono million dollars Ir
tho totnl of the missionary budget
m$    hU*      TI.4<ir1-*-'*-r>f      /*1   -        -».      * , 4 + 4*.
v  .... ■»   a I. >•* 1*4j v*kMH  »^k*+*.w»* kiji.   mi**
Thli Is considered no gfent burden ns
lho denomination la roiponilblo for
work among fourteen million heathens.
About one-thlrd will go to foreign mis-
<lons, the samo proportion to homo
mlaloni, and the'remnlnder to specific
objects. Tho addition this year of
Alberta college makes seven Iii thn
chUn'to the Pacific, The dearth of
suitable m*n for the wlnlatry Is tlio
gravest problem the ainembly had to
Ut*, The church wanta Cinadlan-
born men. who are wjulpped tn m*et
dm::Lmm<
*"   >."*,"'1*   r  ^ I "1
**.\'   '
Irisuranc&i Real Estate
Lbatts
',
Money tb jLoari ot^first: class Busi-
:   ness and Residential propertyr;
THE GANADIXN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR: EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.CL, PRESIDENT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, OEWtRAL Manaqkr.     „.  „
CAPITAL.- $10,000,000 .REST,-   $8;6O0,0OO
DRAFTS ON FOREIGN COUNTRIES r
Every branch of The Canadian Dank of Commerce Is equipped to issue draft* <r*
. the principal cities in the following countries without'delay t
„,   Africa .   ,   Crate        . .,        Cinec* N«w Zm
ArahU.    ..      ., Cute UolUn4
Ar-fentln* RapuUit Dinniuti       " -'  luUtU    >
A«f'r»ll» <&**•*..   .•       M*.
Auttrii.l(uaf*T   fuotltLuUt        lr*U«l    ,
lUldum .PlnUiMl (Ulf    '
,   Uracil • Formate Jipw  ,
•lulrirw , Fruet^ . ]■«•
CcvIm PrVh CotOn CUu HiJU   •'
Chill Own-any   ,       -  Mindhwto
China- . Oreit Urltala    .   Maalco    ,	
The amount oftheie drafts Is etated In the woney ef the country where they are payable * that li they are drawn in aterlmg, franca, marke, lire, kronen, florini, yen,
Uelrt, roublei, etc., aa the caae may be,  Title eniurta that the payee abroad will
-receive tlte actual amount Intended. *   Aa*l
FERNIB BRANCH L A, 8.'DAOK, Manager.,
IS
,"•<
Norway
FlMM* ,
PtnU  1
Htdlp«luiblMrli
rortueil
RouMiila
Ruaait
It*     '
SlteiU
Eoudaa
South AM»    . »
Spain
. Strait* SattlMMte-
Swwlin
6witurtoM    - *
Turin*/
UaluJSUiM
i
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
1 ,  1   *
, , , , s .
And Nothing but,tho Best In Fresh
and Smoked Moats, Fresh and
8mokod Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc.. go to   .
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
i
CAM OflAllAM, Mnnnjf-cr
mown -J1
8
FOR   THB
tnarj-*quat«..
ATTENTION
WORKERS
77
op Vhe
Ar* you a worker? If m you ihould
bo lufflclcntly intor«at«(l In tlio bettor-
niont of your condition! to spend a
fow houri In atudylng and hoarlnti
other workera' opinion* on tho mov-e-
r&cnt that It tending; toward* your
omanolpation.
For the fr*« dlicuailon on probteme
of vital Internet to tbe workere moeU
Inre are belnf held every Sunday «y«n«
Ing In thobaeoment of tbo Miner** Kail
at 7.45. All thoae having view* contrary to tbo prlnelpleu of tbo Booiallit
Platform aro apwtaNy invited to at*
tond. Thofld mootlngs nro oduentlonnl
and, tUorofor-0, tho aoonor tho "fallnc-
■tdoratlon of.tlio working clAM„aro
dlepoiod of tbo bettor for thorn.
- In addition to tho abovo neotlngt,
an Bconoralo Clan hold* - wookly
mootlnga ovory Sunday attoraoon from
8.80 to 4.30. Tbo work now under
roviow la "Tno CImi Struggle," by
Karl Kautiky. You muil all-milt*
thero la a eliu atruggle, but do you
know tho reaiont and the Inevitable
outcome!
Evorybody, lr/eipectir*, of any
abado of opinion, la Invited to attend
tboeo dlicnMloni, out mora •epeelafly
tbt worktra.
>i
1 ■■^ ."*;""
?::.*&:
•*r*,.'l"^Kv^^si .-b*/3-^-^ ,£■".'*--'
: -*.'v j-, ts.jr<?;-«/;<;-»
V^W
*■«.'£'.>-
#■"
/try  y-1
1 l -    %    -?jr.
■-t^O^i-S  >    ,
-<f"
.-Y^j-.-
;-y„- j
■ **-",'
THE; DimiCy^I*EI)Gg*B, nBENIE,.r.BvC., JAKUAlSM, .1912
PAGE FIVE
7y/-. y^7
AFRESH
- ••M---;K'.v
MILK
+$?<*
T^r?.
..<-&
|r-i-<rv.
7deliy^redv"  to^-'air'
* * •? — T»v ; •*u^'f V1*1*""- ^'*„s/, ,-*. .*
parts, of>the^ town.
•.«,-, • <■?-■'->-i.-'
■v-
A.\
..Sanders A
iVcrhaeat ■i-othera..
•7'. i-
Proprleters ,"*
- tAAAAAAAA A A AAA A-
-:;"'7r'7777yi.v-;,
r ' a>^w,--» ■*-•
, MACHINE
*'.. -' '. -.,.   •?■—*.» .. ■*,.
[AS*
i~
■»»»¥»»»» W»¥»¥»»I|HH^»»V<¥¥*™^
COS
i
y-i
»
j
'■>-
WM.     BARTON
Aerent   r«rnle7 Branch'
•"a,
>•"
v»*
1-
1-
Pellatt . Ave.    Hortfrv
.$ ,7", 7  7   ,";;-   -.../y^s-v*'
>-*
KING'S TfiOTEt
Biu'• suppIieii7VitKVtrie* best,Wines,
"   '-,.-'..,. . \ .• '     ii-   - - -
*   \- -. , jjLiquors arid-Cigars.,  .
:,DINING .ROOM. IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
Coleman
:, -*-  •,-■ -,« *S-^4 £„   ,    .(^*i*S  ■'*. 7!^i'^
*        *   '   , . r  i   ji **-<,■
:   He>tel y
w. H. Muix ■:-■
7 y   -.:*. . v,i  a .
Prop.-
%v>Ur'iu4iHrSv''Jobn-..Fok5arriv«d.u9J
here last Thursday from Hout«n;.cbua-;
tys, Durham* Eng. 'y'.yy '-''"'Sh V
',*Mr. *WmvMazey,- pit, bqsa' attNo..l;
SouthTnevercd hia connectiou with'"the;
C.rN; P/CC C. last weei-«ndir ." ': '*' '»-
v,Nb.-6LMine-"waB laid off agajp last
Friday through-one'of th* air dlnlcoya'
running Into a car that .was standing
at''ih«stdump,"and -knocking it off the
track,,thereby,breaking .the water line
connection with the boiler, which cau£
ed„thevwithdrawa\ of .all the men "out
of'the'jmine.'*'\'V',' V '.: ■:        ]   .
- in ■ ■   -   A *■* * * ,  ;
K. The, New ^Yeara^riyed.ln here .very'
quietly.' " True;-'tWwhistl-a blew and
a few big guns were,discharged, while
a-good-many healths were drank and
some great resolutions made—as'us-
nal.-vA smoking concert was the first
thing on board at the club and a great
many of- the boys took",advantage- to
sing, recite and_make merry all roiind,'
afUhe, following program ..will show. {
"• W. .R.>Puckey,"-Miles"Away,From.
Home (encoref; Dan" Oliver,1 Good-bye,
Sweetheart, Good-bye; * T." Hutchinson,
•A* Picture 'No'-,Artist- Can Paint;" F.
Esak? mouth organ solo;' Joe McMillan,
Eileen Aroon (encore) • '■ Geo. Smltb/
The"Bandolero (encore)V Abe Knight;.
R>Hubb"er8by,, recitation f (encore);
Wai?; Yates, Shanghai * Rooster;.. Fred-
Tijlbot; Sailor, Beware;';Chas. Percy, 1
Piano selection; Joe McMillan Some-;
body's.  Sailor -OBoy' (encore)';*   Geo.
Smith, In .Happy Moments (encore);
R. Hubbersby*    recitation    (encore);
Joe Mitchell, Scotland for .ever; Albert
Daly; Auld Lang Syne. 77 '7 7 -  \"
A'soclal dance.was' held in the Club
Hall - on New; Year's'.night,.; a "large
crowd gripping,the light fantastic till
2 a.m.,„,,.,7'7 '--7' /S'y -7 7/',,
-Mrjand Mrs.'James sfewarthave
taken up,their residence iii the cottage
recently-occupied* by Mr and Mrs. B.
Caufield.    7;", > S7 .j,\S. . *;  ;-, - ;
-Ted English is'nowthe man behind
the bar at the/club,thavlng^aken:up'
his newduties'on'New YeaV's.Day. '
*■ A" huge>,piece *"of -rock^broke away
ft-dmLa peak/abovo'.-No^-:5;Mino on
Wednesday",afternoon.'.*'and*' crashed
*!.'
J:
Passburg
You'ro always welcome hero
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every1,
attention
_ _  /  * *     \
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
*
i
STAND eACKt IT'8 TOO
LATBI    "
i i
Such u calamity mny not bavo
overtaken you,   but * whoro  la,
your guarantee that any day—
BWi io-iim, a tiro may tiuXroy
our homo and posMsnlons,
TAKE OUT A POLICY AT
ONOE '
no mnttor how modorato tbo
tunount, a jio'ucy proi«oi,« yon.
Thtf^Draintum le io rlduclouily
■mall thnt tlio prlco of n olgnr
a day will glvo you eonatderablo
Iniuranco, Soo ui about thia to-
• day-—romombor to-morrow inay
bo too Into. • -    •*
Give. us a Call
("".j nam'"in ,'i„ ,'.,'■■. ■ .^ ■ —■' n ' ',1^-u
M. 'A."KAStNER
Ihtuvunce    R«at Estate
right-Vthrough 7tKe • snbw-i-shed,^ com*-'
pletely .knocking ^the-end. out of a car
and "crashing down"" to .the"railway
track7.7. .j.',»';„,7»...'  :,u;i, ; t.~
Mr.. JcwiYoiing,*' employed as a*.ma-.
chittls\ up, herei met with a'nasty ac-i
cldenf; last'- -ru%Bday;¥ morning. • (The"
high,,pressure ( air line' had' become-
frozen up,- and he, with "others, 'waV
attempting >to thaw It;'out7when it
burst'and a .piece struclt. Joe ■ on* the
head; rendering him unconscious for'*
a" while,"1 w He was quickly' removed"
Jo7bJs;hpme, and from tbo latest, reports he is progressing as' favorably as
can be expected.« ,'      ' '   '     ■   • •
•'■'Mrl*- Murray 'is the new clerk "in 'tho'
T. \V. v Store" up' here"., ■-' '* . •/ > " ;''1
., Ed. Coughlln made a buslnoBs trip
to Michel on Thurflday.-
' Tho Coal Co. have had to destroy
flvo horseB through nccldonts ;-in. less,
than a wook.' '7 .7
Mrs.' H. Ste'vonson, wlfo of-tho now
Proabytorlah minister, arrived 'horo
last Friday, nnd.is now-assisting her
husband in the good work.' -   ■
.'Mr, Herbert, Roos manager-of the
Trltes-Wood Company nt Mlchol, was
shaking-hands with his frlonds up
hero last week-end.
Mr.' M. D. McPa'nnol sovorod hla connection with * tho. Trltos Wood Com-
pany.iip horont the ond of tho last
year and is now onga-^od as "head grocery dork In, the Fornio Co-Oporatlvo
Storo.
On NoWrYonr'o Dny.n special train
was run to tako all tho officials nnd
tholr wives down to tho Fornlo Hotel
wh-oro* thoy' did eht, drink nnd malco
ihorry on thb Invtatlon of tho Gonoral
mnnogor Wilson,' and' ovorybody that
wns prosont npoko of having n real
good tlmo,
BEAVER CREEK
Things nro-quiet nt this camp nt
prosont, but wo nro looking forwn-tl
to a busy tlmo whon tho railway goli
In Thia branch of tho Kootonay and
Alborta "Railway bronchos off tbo C
P, Jl, a mllo nnd n half west of Plnolior
Station, 11 miles from horo, rind should
havo reached thoso mlnos two months
ago. Tlio blowing down of tho via
t'.uct nt Mountain Mill, howovor, cniiB-
Hd fl tinHmin »l*"lfl""   "h'"*-- "i t\\e V" l-UlV
Ipr of It in n*nv romplAtlnn, w, «y;
lioiil tbo stool will bo lnld to tho mlnos
within tho noxt two months,
Tho concert hold on tho ovonlnx «f
Doeomher 20th, In connection with tho
rblldrni'a nbr1«ttnn« tro<> win n irr*>.**>
Biicfcsii Close upon $100 worth of
piHncntB woro divided amongst''tho
was"- .very lengthy" one; and/th« taleni
wn : far aboVe;*thVayeraj^
mention, ^however,' miist he-made-'^f
the 'slriylngyot ^MraSMeyicar.v Mr
ft/oody.' Jenny'Ryan^Mrs/jLowery ana"
Dave Krap; .' whll'st^Myeral -of; the
joungsters"that contrlfinteif:J.towards'
tie rarmony are sure to be heard of
hter,ox.' 4 .Vhrenolo^cai'deleniatlons'
by "J. Loughran, proved,"an'attractive
item. """"-     "    7 ?'--••■• ■"• y
.Refreshments were! served' at the,
conclusion of the program /and about
•»R couples tripped it gaily 6n"th«* llgh\
fantastic, to the music of the orchestra
until 5 a.m;"next mprningi"-'^ \, " ,
Tho following1 poem, should''have
been recited at the,concert, but owing
to the lateness of the hour it'had to
be omitted from the evening's program.'" • y 'V ■*■    • **,
-■     -.','■.. -1    ..   -:    -     ;     , .-«-,    -,,
A new Version of^'Mary had a Little
• '-'■ ' -1"   '     '  Lamb'' •'   < /  -. f- *""
(With a local application5 to Beaver'
" Creek'Mines, by John Loughran.),
'* Mary had a little land,-,' y    . '"""""" "
-• Where beavers once did roam: 7
'• And though 'twas but a wilderness' ■'
She "made that place' her. home.'.
" She held herland till coal*was found
,f-.Then,"people settled down,. ■'    .>*
'• And .where the wilderness had .been
-There grew up a thriving town.'' ''
» ^..,- ■     -■    ,,s <     ,      -ij .• -
• Then! Mary sold some little -lots, '"
t And,kept„the rest yotf know,,7 "".
i * -For she* know -itliat ■ workmen. must
,,".j: -,.; 'have, homes," .-';• 7' , ,.- '..
" - r Andknew' price's still would grow.
'. They grew.as'populatloncame,
; So did Mary's wealth, no doubt..'
. ,.Then.all she;,wanted' was'a lamb
..' -ii-To,follow'"her"about. '"
• Now In- ]h\i 'camp there was a lamb
.-.   That Mary loved, you know,
And,every where.that Mary*went
~,   This, iamb-was sure to) go.
-  * , ' *. ^ -,"   . ^   .    ,    i   ,      .'
He followed herto'chur'ch one day.
,    And to her pledged. hls,;'troth: '
To love, be';,faithful and, obey,
' So;lhe"; parson'tied the knot.   • ""   ;
P.ut since that'day scilie gossips any]
.* This lamb hae" w*i>'.»'n so slim,'
.--.. But Mary-follows him'.
*'-'' <       --,'-> ;**'.";;,. -"„ ■ . ■, ■ -;..
' "And .that It .makes,poor,Mary sad,"^
"7.15ach,'tlme "he plays "the fooi,
:py waiting cash and stopping out
.,fl.To play^at'cards and pool.V
'%.' ' * tr '■-   • """
,' Butyet the" price of Mary's'lbts,
'. *' keep "growing day; by day,'' '
Por though"'the 1 beavers"*', left  the
- "*'    ".Creek ' V, ■ '. - _/'
'  "A railway came.to stay^  *
,-And so each ono of you might be,' '■;
,' . Quito wealthy.'so to speak/"' "',,
"; If ybu owned some land ns Mary'did
'* -    Right" here In Beaver Creek. •
7- -*7   :'   !.. • I
* ♦ ♦',♦•♦,♦"♦ ♦♦♦«•«
■♦-;.,:.--," ' ■ *
♦ .    ...  LETHBRIDGE •*»
.♦*'■:.s'*-. v ' •♦
♦ ♦ ♦.,*. ♦#♦♦♦•#♦.♦♦
;'Tho*whcels"of time"keep agoing pii,'
and ngaln wo are into'another year,
which,-! hope, will bo a more prosperous'ono; for nil than tho ono Just
gone. ■ '     .   , ,,i
McTnggnrt and Moore lind their an-;
nual dnnco on Now,"Year's night In
tho ■ Miners' Hall. Thoro wore fifty
couples prosont, old and young, ropro--
senttng all European nationalities, and
ovory ono onjoyod thomsolves to tiiolr
fullest. Tho'grand march was led
off by President Lawson, who sooms
to bo in his element whon tripping tho
light fantastic but'many of our older
frlonds-sooraod to onjoy tholr apodal
Introduction of "Johnny Woilkor," At
11 p.m., ton and refreshments wero
served' which ovorybody soomod to
onjoy, Judging from tho way tho good
things disappeared, .During tho interval D, H. Hutton favorod tlio compnnj"
with n flno Impersonation of tho groat
Scotch comedian, Harry Undor. Tho
manner and ntylo ho snnu "Stop yor
tickling, Jock," soomod to tlcklo tholr
fanclos, Judging by tho hourly encores,
which ho graciously responded to with
t hat old nnd patrlotlo song, "My Aln
Koll*," which soomod in n moment to
carry many of us back to tho homos
of our bright nnd happy childhood
across, tho sea, Mr. Mai Vascllnnk
nlso sang lri tho Slavonian tongue,
Although many of us tlul not under-
stand It, tho molody wns rnlchy and
soomod to bo abovo tho common by
tho way his p/oplo Joined In, nnd tho
honrty npplnuiohohn<fnUrounil,
TV,*,ft«.»v    ...*.     I.   *j   1       .    '. ,,,      ,
*  ....V...0      m«J     i.iuu,tt.U>  UL     UllU!     t
n,m„ whon "A-iUI T.nntr'n.vn*c" wnu
aung, ouch nnd all regretting thnt
thoao good times don't como moro of-'
ten. Mnny of n* hnvo Imon wonder
Ing It It was Stovo or .Tohnnto that was
Mwrl tKnVfnf '<'o nmv I,'—J~....i   .i  ....
ulK tinging, "[ nln't afraid to go home
In tho dark."
1        -V,   J
♦ .♦ ♦ ♦)^ ♦*%-♦;♦ ♦'♦.*■ ♦■
• * The-'mlnes'-'here^5 are' now-running
full timeyhough;ver'y feW'miinersare
employed."   There'arei quite" a number
of ™en In'.camp thatare'outof work,
no, "placesibeing availa'bie'"for;,them,"
"butcwe are looking-for a mre prosper-
bus time-in the hear future,-as the
power.'house is now almost completed and the new tipple is- going up
pretty fast in'spite"bt the cold weath"-
er.   Development Is also "being pushed- forward Inside the, mine, rso that'
conditions look-'favorable^ for the fu-
ture. _    ;.   '*."•   - - „•     -'..     -.-,  ,
'• There waB r! fair audience in'the
Miners'" Hall-on the evening of Dec.
27th  to; hear -.'the 'Cherries' "Concert
Company,-in spite of tbe fact "that the.
weather was Very severe and the hall,
badly .heated. 7* But the, audience appeared to be, highly satisfied with the
performance." 7   y   ' y      - ! -,-
,*" An heating apparatus will, we understand, be installed'jn a* few. days.
. On" Monday night, "Jan. lst/through
the efforts of, Mrs." John Taylor "and
a" committee, a free'dance waB given to
theTfesideiits^of Hillcrest in .which
all*had "a'good'rtime"'* '    ' 7'J _    ' "
% public meeting.will "be""held in'
Jhe. Miners''Hall "oh Wednesday, "Jan.
iOthj.'at 7.30 p.m.V for the purpose of
considering the opening of a co-opera7
tive.store.in this camp. "All interested are'-invited 'to attend.
' ♦ ♦ ♦♦"<♦• ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <►
♦,-'!- -' -*; ', y ♦
*•> -.'    X HOSMER NOTES "'   -   ♦
♦ •"   <y .w-v-, ■♦
♦.-^ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ + +. «. ^.-^,
• A grand Christmas'treat for aM the
children in town, was held in the Opera
Hoin-' last -Thursday night. , Santa
Glaus and* his wife" were present and
gave'' out presents "to ^235 children.
Oieat Joy;was.brought to all the" kiddies by'good* old "'Santa. Mrs. Santa
likewise was", very •good'' to the llttlo
one ".The'- school children provided'
the ''programme,' V very good ont'.''of
choruses,' soiigs and recitations. ' The'
teachers'deserve great praise for the-
■ereditable performance of the children.'
_Th*Oncnl-"T(*i"n'M-fiTife_iv».,«f.-..-'...J--.~«--'-
-. "T*-™V.,—"""****'a_l*'nI''"^W «C1 j
rea'dily'arid'hVartily with donations, a
total sum'bf7^204; being collected. .
' 7After-al^expeAses, a sum of-$47 was"
distributed'among, the children, 20c.
being .given' to, Oach child. There is
stlirfa*sura"' ot?t2.40-tobe given out,
and Santa may "take it away again'if
every'little'one does not go to claim-
a„share,'of'It.""'S;" •"'".-, ;
"7Tho, committee who organized and
carrled.ijiit the 'treat worked faithfully
and'well,' and weVo amply rewarded by
seeing' thb little ones so gay' ' and
happy.' •'"   ^    • ■'-'
■7'Mr.'•'andJMirs!IliOwls Stpckett'were
host and hoBtess'at a grnnd ball given'
ln honor of thoir8 daughter, Miss Jewel
Stockett, who camo,' from Boston,
whore.sho attends school, to spend
the holidays* with' hor<parents.. Tho
guostB1 In' attendance were: Mr nnd
Mrs. Wilson, Mr and Mrs. Thome, Mr
and Mrs, Brown, Mr arid 'Mrs. Thompson,' Mr'nnd Mrs. Rogers," Mr nnd Mrs
Campbell,- Mr and'Mrs.'B. B. Mills, Mr
and Mrs'.'MuBgrbvo, Mr,nnd „Mrs Ful-
loiyMr nnd Mrs: Kooly, Mr and Mrs.
Dunbar, Mr and Mrs, Kondall. Mr and
Mrs, McLean (of Pernio); and Mr.'Mc-
Mcokln, Misses Mary andPhyllsMnr-
latt, Helen nnd Mary Kelly, Grange
Pltblado, McLean,'Wilson Roy*'MoBsrs
Mnrx; J; Stockett, Jones Martin, Dr.
Thompson, Newton, Charlie .nnd ■ St,
Clair Marlatjt, Tho vmuisilc was furnished by tho Pernio Orchoatrn, and
all votod tho1 affair tho moBt onjoynblo
ovor glvon In'HoBmor.
' Tho Misses Kolly roturnod on Saturday to tholr liomb'in Pineher Cwok,
nftor spending Christmas with tholr
slBtor nt tho hospital,
MIbb Wilson wont to Cranbrook on
Saturday last to spond n weok's vn-
cm Ion provloiiB to taking up hor
arduous, duties among tho llttlo hopefuls, who aro trusting to hor for a
training to'fit.thorn for tho buttloB of
llfo.
Mr. Wm, Purnoll, of Dnnkhond, was
tho guest of Mr nnd Mrs. D, Q, Wilson on Now Yonr'H Day.
Mr nnd Mrs, Lnko and Mr nnd Mrs
Lnlondo, of Pnlry Crook, nltondnd Mm
(1 |nnor nnd dnnco given by Mr. Prnnk
Lnbollo at the Pacific Hotel on Now
"Voar'a night. •
opened ' 7the
schedule
remnrkv
V'hich', *«ere* well' received.' • • The" fbl-
Iom ing'pregram*;was then rendered-"
- ■" w; C-nllell-isbng," Don't Go Down lh«
Mine, Dada;R. Burress, song, I Never
Saw.a.Thing Like That; W. Barker,
Asleep in; thb Deep; W". -White,' Lily
RosejH.:Pirikerton, Loch Lomond,'encore, WHLhe No Come Back Again;
W. Baker,,"song^ Volunteer Organist;
S. Philips, .cornet'solo"; J. Taylor, song,
We Had Enoughand a Little to Spare;
J..' Walker recitation; Death of, Mor:
mon; A; PatterB, song ln German; J."
Taylor, Bird • in . a Gilded Cage; R.
RIdgway song, Love in the-Shape of
a Rose;'The Mcleod Brothers, song,
in Gaiic, which was loudly applauded;
Duet, cornet and violin; P. Gullette,'
When*other Lips'; J Walker, M-o-n-e-y;
John Brown; song, John Bull (comic);
W.*Baker,""Drinking."W. Gullett, solo
on the" mouth*"organ; Rody Mcleod,
recitation; J.- Brown, song, Lui-a-by;
Baby; J. Pinkerton and. J. Brown't
dancing schottlsche Horn Pipe (loud
rpplause); W. Baker song, The Diver,
encore The Picture on the Wall. ''■'
Much credit ls due to the stewards
who- were   responsible  for  the   pro-'
gram, everyone being highly satisfied.0'
The music* was. rendered " by   Hugo'
Haberland, Alf„Gossa and S. Phillips.
. f,y _     Marriages        '      "" „ 7
' Jonathan Herron'tb Mary McGrimes,1
oldest''daughter  'of   John McGrimes.
The marriage ceremony, which was In
the presence of a few friends and relatives, was bf the quiet order.  '"
Daniel McAllister to-Jennie McPher-
son, oldest daughter of John McPher-
Shilohs Cure
stops cauoss H;:ji™*c*-™°f
son."' The marriage took place at the
residence'of the bride's father, there
only .being present a few of the more
intimate friends' of the family.
. Notwithstanding the secrecy of these
marriages"!/..brought out the tin band
to-let the newly* married couples knoW
that'.they-were to .have the same reception; as others. 7
-Dan.McAllister^ who is well known.
.u-nifc?jr odd,—uaviug-uetju-gunHirucnnn
foreman'Onthe^C. P. R. for a number
of "years, is' taking part in the building
of,,many,bf- the -stations' and-vother
buildings.; y-,   7 ''-
, Bujldng'ifi golng,ahead rapidly.-The
church' which- should" have been - opened on.Monday\with'"a grand' concert
had to'be postponed'owing,to the severe weather*."" -y ";
N.-McCauleyhas left to take up a
position in the,I. C. and Coko Co. as
clerk at Coleman. <  '
HOW THE ENGLISH COTTON    ,,
"    MILL: GRIND8 UP THE7
lliVES OF IT8 WORKERS
Tho 8h'runken,' Overworked Women,
Old Long'" Before Their Time; Con-
trasted* With .the 8prlghtly, Elastic
,Glrl-'oftlthe New York Shops—The
Terrible Toll Paid by Posterity—A
Vivid Picture of Conditions In Lan-
cashlre. •
DRIDQE-END  Near  KIPP
''    t?y 'CjrcV.rfe N'
On Now Year's evening tho btcnl
of llin U. M. W. of A. held n nmokor
ond wodn*. nt which thoro was a vory
i.. *•,„» ii.
crowded.    Tho proceeds wont to do-
fray (lit s-'penoos of tho now hall, Tl-e
NOTICE TO MINE WORKERS
\   Mea are urged to stay away from Eastern British
Columbia and Alberta., There are hundreds who have
not yet commenced work since.the strike settlement.
 * -' -         / > -        ■   	
By B. S. M.
Tho wayfarer, from the Lancashire
Cotton Area, on the othor sldo of tbo
Atlantic, cannot help but compare tho
vast numbor of workors In tbat dis-
trlct with tho ordinary laboring workers in Now York State.     '  -
Lot a Btrnngor pause outside a Lancashire cotton fnctory nnd watch tho
operatives nsthoy come out at tho ond
of tholr day's work, What does ho
ooo? A gront numbor of mon, womon,
boys nnd girls dragging themselves
along looking '(tho majority of them)
undersized, pnlo, weary and worn,
The English Cotton Girl and Her Sister
of the New York Shop.
Tho womon nro huddled up In
flhnwls and tholr clogs might bo chalnn
on tholr poor, tired foot. Womon of
thirty, who should bo In tho halo of
tholr llfo, npponr with bout backs nnd
narrow chests,
. Yet the .-workwoman or, girl in New
York State trips "off gaily to work-in
the mornings'with bright eyes. S .Her
very step" informs ,you. she "is off to
business^-Not 'toj.klll time, and,; |-hat
she means to* do something when ehe
gets there, and do .it-well.-*.;-Her, early
training,evidently has given her confidence in',her own ability. She must
feel healthy "and strong, for she is so
careful of personal details. ,»Her hair
is very smartly dressed and would be
the envy, of our Lancashire mill glrlB
if they could only see the New York
maid.' ,
, Her dresses suggest- comfort—loose,
short sleeves and low necks. She uses
more sense in dress matters than we
do.
Our little Lancashire lasses, some
thirteen.and fourteen years, have a
tired, anaemic look. , They aro a little,
more sprightly than their elder sisters,
but a year or so "of mill life will soon
change them, too.
-•I And the men! Poory weaklings—
for such many of them look—are not
much bigger or stronger-looking than
the women. > 7- „
Thfe-Tired and Overworked Mothers
,    ,        Who Toil in the Mills
The .weaker of them call at the nearest public houso,on their way,from
work and temporarily revive their ill-
nourished brains wlth-beer. ' Many of
the married women- learn the drinking
habit in the same way.;   , „» ...   ,
The women' leave their children at
home, usually playing around-"" after
school, in- the street, waiting for their,
"mamma." -Often-there Is,a baby to'
be fed."-.,-. '. "\   •    -,  -   .       '   , '-'.
Only- qrie who has heard children
wailing arid clambering around, hungry, «an sympathize with' these tired
and overworkpdWwbmcn» who would-
give something tb be able to still their
throbbing, worried. brains, and who
work themselves to. death simply because the. husband cannot earn sufficient to support-his wife and family.
The writer has seen -women, at 5
o'clock in-the morning, carrying their
babies out in,the cold,-raW,-"damp air,'
to some- neighbor- or nurse'who' will
tend it while thb mother- Is at -work.
On their*way home", in.'the evening,
the baby is returned tb its mother. 71
.wnnflpp Tmar mnnv A *mnni/in n ^titaih ah_
— * — — — --- »-v »i-"-   auuMj **l*l\*». IViUU VI Vlil^3Ii—
would change places with these women. .      ,7    ■-..'""    7 '""
A woman who • rises. so early' of a
morning, works "hard in1 a-mill or
workshop all day, and then goeB home
worn' out' to attend to'children "and
household' duties. is . being -. gradually
drained' of all vitality.- .     ' ■•-       ..:
The women are the greater sufferers; so,also their offspring.
,, Ab I write these words I see In my
mind's.eye certain children I have
become acquainted with ln school. No.
1 is a boy, eight years old, who is nil
drawn and twisted up, ono sldo, and
a confirmed cripple, through "neglect
when suffering,from tho measels. His
mother had to leave him to work with
tho father for bread.
Drunkenness and Idiocy the Heritage
rof.8uch'Awful Conditions
Numbor 2 is a boy six years old,
who Ib half Idiot. , His father, naturally weak, had'«rad*>nllv sonkod IiIb
system i .with , Ir'nlc, ■ Jloth parents
were workerHJliVwVa'ctoVy,1 nnd houo
comforts wero 'de'nlbd them. Drink
drowns all, and I heard lho othor dny
it had also drowned him, for tho father
1b now dead, but tho poor little son
lives on, suffering for tho sins of tho
father.- "'
' Ono hoarB occasionally of tho physique and healthy looks of tho Lancashire cotton workors, but ono has to
Imagine It; for It Is an nhsoluto fact
tbat a well-known largo firm of tall-
orH In Lancashire have to mnko- a,
Bpoclnl small sizo of clothing for tho
mill hands.' Thoy tnko n full nlzo loss
thnn tho avorago man.
Thoro is absolutely no comparison
botwoon tho Now York Stato ordinary
working man and bin homo, nnd tho
Lancashire ordlnnry laboring worker.
Tho Amorlcnn Is Infinitely bettor off,
Tho KiiKllHhmnn works ns hard nnd
hnrdor thnn tho Amorlcnn, and yot ho
Ib poverty stricken.
Waid
Hotely
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
tes $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold Watar *      !
^  ,      *i,". - "'-
Electric- Lighted                 !
n .             ,           ,
Steam Heated.
.      .'
'Phone" In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
i.
Bualnesa Street.          '
1
—..                                j
'" 0  .
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The  finest  of  Wines,   Liquors
. and Cigars" served by competent
and obliging wine clerka.
i&' *•-»
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coflee and Sandwich
Counter
•* i
Hazelwood Buttermilk
*,   Victoria Avonuc
FERNIE, B. G.       Phono 34
PortAlberni
City Lots, $490 and $450
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Company, Ltd.
NATAL, B. C.
i
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-*V Under -the Coal Mines Act.-"'. ..
*The following papers were set before
■ Candidates at the Pit Boss'^Examiua-
'tion held on .September 13th;an&14tb,
, 1911. Candidates must obtain-60 per
, -' cent of the allotted marks to pass."
| Time—One and a half hour.-' \   .
■ r' COAI, MINES ACT *\ f -.-,
71.. What.are'the reqvyrments V>f the,
" "* *■** Coal-Mines Act asto the inspection of
a.mine:        " .- .,     7 r
7 '     -"?T(a) Before commencing work;
"(b) During working hours. 15
• 2. What "are the Regulations of the
"Eight Hour Lawyvith respect to the
limit of hours of work below, ground in
coal mines? *   '       .12
■3. State the requirements of the
Coal "Mines Act as to the use and handling'of explosives underground.     " 13
* 4, State the requirements of the
Coal Mines Act regarding the following in connectionwith shaft
- (a) Distance apart and communication roads;
} (b) Raising and lowering of. persons; ' '
' (c) Fencing.       - 16
,_";5. What ^ precautions must bo ,ob-
■ served to comply with the Coal Mines
-Act in" case of amls'sed shot?      ■      9
; 6. * What are the requirements of the
Coal Mines Act as to Safety Lamps?
*''.'*,    12
^ 7. \, State fully the requirements- of
the Coal Mines-Act, with regard- to
.'"   *    manholes , 11
"' 8. State fully the duties of (a) pit
boss, and (b) a fire boss, as laid, down
by the coal Mines Act. 12
VENTILATION  "
* Candidates must obtain 60 per cent
of .the allotted marks to pass.   -Time—
• Two and a half hours.
>" .J..- A blue cap half an inch long ls
-found on the low flame of. a safety
.   lamp burning Colza oil. '  What percentage of fire-damp swould   you   say
, was pesent, and what steps would you
take.if you found this during working
hour*? in—: - -    *■-
,,'-.(a) A working place;" '  *
,(b) A hole in the roof of a drawing
road; • ,    .>
(c) The return airway. ' 10
,"'2.   Show how"'you'would ventilate
the "workings on  the. accompanying"
- plan, having due" regard to* haulage.*
J The coal being wound at the downcast
shaft only.     Show by arrows the direction bf the air current, putting In the
-^Tiecessay^sto^ingsrtuoorsT^DrauiceT
*•'- etc. '        /    , --* ii
-"■   ' 3. , What gases would you expect to
find on opening an area that had been
,   ijoaled for somo considerable tlnie ow,'
-   ing to the presence of a gob fire? How
would you search for them, and how'
"'would you recognize them?   .Explain
'    fully." *'' «
, 4. What is the horse-power expended on the ventilation of a mine when
the quantity of air passing amounts to
35,000 cubic feet per minute, and the
water gauge is .6? '      .    8
6. Glvo a description ot tho construction and principle of action  of
* oaoh of tho following instruments;
Anemometer, baometer and water-
gauge, and stato how you would ascertain whether or not tho anemometer
Is in good working order. ]0
; 07 Explain the action of tho forcing
fan and tho oxlmusllng fan in producing ventilation 0
-7.   Doscrlbo tlio construction of   a
safety lamp, nnd oxplnln tbo ossontlfll
points to bo noted when It Is externally
oxamlnod beforo being taken Into the
,  mine.    Stnto your views ns to tlio nd-
,   vnntngo nnd dlsndvnntngoB of tho different methods of locking nnd relight-
Ing safety lamps, with .which you nro
familiar.                                         9
/ ft.   What Is tho rubbing surfnro of
tin nlrwny which la 8 foot wldo nt tho
top i.mi P foot, wldo nt iho bottom, i?
foot high nnd 1,800 fool long?           ft
1).   Wlmt, Ih n blown-out .shot nnd
what is n windy shot?    What nro tho
' dangers aitondnnt upon firing them in
a dry nmi dusty mlno, nnd what.pro.
cnutlons^woulil you tnlio to prevent
them?                                        ,        R
10, If tho wntor-gnuKo bo 15 Inches
wllh n quantity of 24,00 cubic foot of
nlr por mlnuto passing through a mlno
whnt would It bo with a quantity of
.10,000 cubic "foot por mlnuto piiHHlng
» through tlio snmo rolno'T 7
11, Which mlno do you consldor tho
most dangerous ono giving off 0(14
with no conl duet prosont or ono froo
from CIM with a considerable amount
of conl dust? Olvo reasons for your
answer ju
12, Describe how you would oroct
i\ regulator in an nlrwny. Undor wlint
conditions would you roqiilro this and
whoro Bhould It bo placed?    , 0
FlUCTICAL WOIIK
Oanrtlilnto-- munt  f-htiin  in nr.* m.hi
of tho allot tod marks to puss.   Time—•
Throo and n halt hours.
1. Doscrlbo fully with sketches, tho
prucaiiiforiH you would adopt in replacing heavily wolghtod tlmbor In tho
main road nf it fl-TY mine, 4
$.   Describe with alcotclies tlio opor.
' ntlona of sinking and timbering a roc-
tnngulnr shaft through 05 feet of nhnlo.
Tbo abaft Is to bo 17 foot by 9 foot In
tho cl-Mr and divided into throo com-
. |)irtm«nU.
3. A *eam of coal 3 feet 3 Incben
thick wltb soft pavement and moder-
aUily html roof, la lylna flat, full of
shallow troughs and undulations and
makes a lot of water; doacrib-a gatMr*-
•ally\how ybuvwould work- this seam,
keeping iii view, the "economical handling of the.watbr..;, The seam generates
a,quantity ""of CH4?>. , ' - 7 y 12
4. What-"'are' the advantages and
disadvantages of" earthing electrical
from CH4'',with a considerable amount
machines and cables underground? 17
'^'E-. . It is customary in some quarters
to refer to certain explosives as flame-
less and'safety expolsives; discus's tne
question' generally without''reference
to any particular explosive. Do you
agree with the'accuracy of the-description? -       - ,   _ .    7
6. Describe some method of working a seam which' is ,9 feet thick and
pitching at an angle of 50 degrees with
hard roof and pavement, and which
generates a fairly large amount of fire-'
damp. '.What are the features ,of' a
seam of coal you would prefer to work
by stoop and room rather than by long-
wall'?   '        '    - . '  ' 12
7. What are stratified and unstratl-
fied rocks? What is known as to
their origin? ' 5
,* 8. What is your opinion as to th-j
value of; - Rescue' Apparatus underground?           ■ c
9. State the dangers attendant
upon the use of coal-cutting machine!-,
and how you would overcome the .difficulties arising from a bad roof, at
the face, along which .'a long-wall machine Is working?       ,'-.,■"-    y S
10. Explain the process vof firir-g
shots by electricity. ' 9
11. In a seam full of joints and intersected by faults, what, precautions
would you take tb guard against accidents from falls of roof at the working
face? ^* *■">   .    '7
*- -.
'.   12.   How would you work a ,-3eam
which is subject to spontaneous combustion so as to secure the maximum
safety? . ;■  -     8
"True Meridian?'7.Describe a'.simple'
method/of approximately ^determining.
U^ v . - ,--*-i:-."-..-" y *.*x!'-y-';i.--'
■.-y.;■*.;<. -r< /• *y<y7 7-7 s;
- 9. . Give 7a. 'sh'ort-7 description ;.,of :"tihe';
miner's compassfand'.explaltf;the"=me^'
thod ki which you .would"tise It in" maK>
ing- an underground' survey"" with-'the',
loose'needle. 7• " y "* -- -. ,-j. .,x0"
10. - What angle is"^ iucluded between^
n! -83-,-".. degs.- E. and „S . &2' degs. W?;
,** s11. - If there is an error of *1 deg.-
in the bearing of an underground roa.V
what will, the total error-amount to
if it be continued-for a distance- of
1.500 yards?, . N , .-,   .'  ;,..■"*' R
-'(Next week will be published iist of
questions set before" candidates for
Mine managers'.),'' ' *. 'y   •'."     *"'    y
'■*•*=■'
K<-*-:i
).LTP.
.TCiOigJ
tTHE-STANDAltD
EVERYWHEte
DOCTORING COAL
Claims Made for a New; Secret Prc-i
cess to Increase Efficiency "— Recalls Old Case in Which Inventor
Dropped Fifty Thousand Dollars/Trying to introduce What Proved to be
, Worthless Compound.   ' y -'
MACHINERY *.   r
Candidates must obtain 50 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass. - Timo—
Four hours. ' "* .",'   "*..
- Describe two .arrangements of haulage and say under what conditions
they are suitable respectively. ■; *10
2.. Describe the various kinds 'of
flexible and rigid" guides for vages in
a shaft, arid compare their respective
advantages and disadvantages.,\ * ;- '7
_^ 5. Pnmr»Qril_Jt1lA r)tff"iVnn^itA"nDi, .
mm^rmmmm^jflmm^r   ^wr flmEft ym
fTOPS COUCOt «i»«4*m« ""tot
ances for lessening the jerk and strain'
in lowering and lifting "the cage, in
deep shafts.        '    ' „   .7 . '   %
4. 'What is the breaking strain bf
a 9-16 inch steel wire hoisting rope,
having C"strands of 19 wires each; give
also the safe working load? •      ,   8
6. Describe some form of coal cutting machine suitable for work in' pil-"
lar and room workings.' " io
' 6.   Describe brlofly with -.sketches
nn ordinary bucket or lift pump.     8
7. What is meant by each .of the
following terms:
(a) Indicated horse-power;
(b) Lap; .
(c) Load; •
(d), Non-condensinglonglfio; *
(e) Compound condensing engine? 9
8. Describe how you would, (a) examine (b) clean, (c) and grenso a" steol
wlro hoisting ropo. Mention tho parts
at which you especially look for defects. What aro tho objections lo
using a rag or hompon >mnrk upon n'
wlro ropo? , o
0. Stale tho conditions undor which
you would recommend .tho noo of electricity, for power in mlnos. Glvo tlio
ndvnntngos nnd disadvantages' of using this powor. g
10, Tho dlamotor of a piston of nn
onglno is 10 fnchoB and tho length ot
stroko 1C Inches. It makes 2C0 revolutions per mlnuto with a moan offoc
llvo steam prossuro of 40 lbs por sq.
Inch. What Is tbo borso-powor? 10
' 11. Doscrlbo briefly tho arrange-
monts usually mndo for taking up
slack ropo nl ondless ropo haulage?   8
12, An oloctrlc mnchlno workH nt
JUIO volts nnd 25 amperes; what Is tlio
horse-power? 7
SURVEVINO   AND  LEVKLLINQ
CnndldntoH nuiHt obinln fiO per cent.
of tbo nllottod marks lo pass.   Time--
Throo nnd one-hnlf hours. '
1. Sketch and doscrlbo with dlmon.
Hlons, nn nlr crossing over nnd at right
angles to a main hnulngo rond, which
is 7 foot high and 10 feot wldo, Tho
qunntlty of nlr to pnsB ovor tho crowing Is 30,000 cubic foot per minute, and
tbo dip of tbo mlno Is 1 In C, ll
2. What aro tho requirements of
tho Coal Mlnos Act ns to plans of
workings, g
.1. Plot tho following survey to a
scnlo of 100 foot to tho Inch,
1 to f„ BM doj-i. Wl -mint*. 11. ?."».(> foM.
2 to 3. fl 31 dogs. 115 mlns. W, 180 foot,
3 to 4, fl 05 dogs. 00 mlns. W. 210 feet.
4 to 6, N 42 dogs. 45 mlns. W. 13S feet
5 to fl, N 81 dogi., 30 mlns. E, 114 foot,
1 it
4. Rlvo tho bearing and length ot
tho closing tine from atatlon 5 to station 1 of tho survey glvon In question
3. «
6. Doserthe tho ordinary process of
levelling underground, noting any pro»
catiltons roqulrod to Insure accuracy.
11
& What are tto« ordinary aonrooa of
error to b« avoid*! In laying down
now ronreya on old »U»a? 1
1. State how you would procMd to
mnko an underground survey wltb a
fa*t n-aedll* and state how you would
Hud tb* inclination ot ih* a*am.    11
The Idea that, something, "may be
obtained for nothing.' is-" apparently
not confined to high finance, or,to the"
mechanics of ."perpetual motion."* * It"'
crops out occasionally In the attempt
to increase the heating capacity of
a fuel by treating it with some chemical that is not itself a combustible..'It*
was confidently asserted, not long ago,
that .ordinary % furnace-ash, having no*
fuel,'valuerat'all could be; made to-
bum 'when'so. treated. >< - Apparently
even "the7responsible officials bf cerr'
tain railroads,have been duped in this
way. - -     7 - -, ,   •   "
A - report- emanating from Boston
says that' Philip O. Leavitt, an engineer on the Boston: and Albany Railroad,
has .perfected a process by\ which he
can reduce by one-third-the amount of
coal' burned ;by "locomotives. The inventor or j-discoverer of this -. process
say's:7. "My plan consists in part of
spraying the lcoal with my secret solution. 'And-I also save a great" deal of
coal in building-fires. 'I have devised vmetho"ds to offset almost wholly
the; waste by the fire caretakers in
the rbtu>d'house before the, locomotive
is sent outlon-Its'run."      '7
"In 1892"great claims were made in
New. England for the use of a mixture
called "Kbm-Kbm," which was,reported to convert inferior coal into-a fine
■maKing^comb"usflble7
mvmaxjng soap.
F«l I'II*WI'"'*'*>  • I"'"*-.; j f.J-U, l...\J *     U
Spftenmg i>vatet*j|,
i'll||il||lllllll|IIHi'lli»ll'^«||l|i ''l"ll>J!l,H|ijl|l| II -
'68.
and for
IIUII|lll|ll!l|||llllll|i;[inilfi!M|lll|ll|l|ll|l|IHII|lilili|U?!
limanyiothestipurposGSii
E.W;GILLETT
.   .; COMPANY'
-     LIMITED"
TQROiNTO.ONT.
S THE  FIRST LABORfSTRikfe^v-
- Dr.'G. W. Magruder;,ha^ heei telling
the\'Federated Charities>f;£ie";7Mted5
States that the exodusjof ;the" Isi-aeiite's",
from Egypt' waK^^rst;lahor";stri^
in history..   There- are.not^many: who"
-c . - • te* •--J^.>,'--■;.-<  ,%j-    f,
will' recognize it^afca-strjlrM^-ltihad';
"none of the methods;.ofithe1'modern;
strike.    While th^i^^,t^trikiBj',;^l''
conducted in shch-ff.wayJtliatShe wort-\
---1 ><      .-'*-. '^ly'ii'''-".^ y\ r^y*
-. er.may be reinstated with" better "re-.
"" inuneration forsth"eir.labor,\,tKe,'idea'of.
:Mbses was ,to take.-,the'^lBraelites'|.out•
olvthe "country. ]and:_away;'from^heiV
slavery. The"motives|'bf'Moses^were-'.
entirely different*and;were"earrte'd;but
in fulfilment 'o£o'a"prom)"8'ejbf7-Gb'd:tb
the fathers bf Israeiy Sy -''7 '\""*,:.
i There is no idea of'the'workers lea'v-'
nig the country or a Mose£appe"aring
to lead them-into the.wilde'rness,;and-"
soon to a land of promise,'- --. ,^here'"is,
notlilrig' in comirioir in the "two- instan-;
ces. , -    -.'*•».''. *'-." 7
Nelther7cah the present.Jiay-labor
movement be called a religious-movement for- religion"Is.-kept-In-background and cannot be entertained, neither, can politics -find,.a* piace .In;the
labor.union. 7The labor union .movement makes demands ori. the party in
power,' - These' deinands they, consider
they have a right to remain in the
country, and claiiri;that- the;party In
power have riot;the"'right,to .import
men to. take,their places. _ Soirie,:"no
doubt, wish' at -times that a-Moses
would ■ appear and" take"them--out ■ of
the°country."7"-''f-' •' \, *'*"   }: *■
enter thelife of prostitution is'evidept-"
ly the7'ecbn6mic "*pn.e£y Theyvcannot"-
•Jive} ori"?the*-irages"^pjiid^ therii.'7'7coiJ.-,-
trafy-- to;the7usualCbpinibni,. itVcosis -a.
■i^i^^«-t2^*ii-«-"^_*is-*-i:"^";i.'„'-«^i-
:-5rRe|lderici9; ;^;i"VictbrlarAvenue.- i;^ ■.>,'" V-,
:'■'.-
s
"?^JOHN?BA«BERrD.D.6.>~t OSi,
>f j 1-^ ' * >?■'
THOUSAlvlDSrOF.WOMEN >: -s
>j§f>8T;RIKE'JN-C*yiNA(Aq*>SINlif 7?
r,:>*: *:7*iJCO'NtRACf^HUSBsANDS"
*•** F*1        ,    s.*'   ^^i ** •?*  « ^ >->.''-**   . ■'*hJ*- '■'"~#i     *-*"iK*-.•*■ V"'"'
tio*n°*bf the. .Chinese{pbp"ulatibn!*.willi;,
modelrri- occidental^ideasyis^Vforcibly"
phbwri: by^the^hangiri'g- attitudefof 4hV
women,''of''thaV;naUon-;;'*V";i^t'f7-vi*^>>i^
^*Ii^'tira^idSle^dlXtrIcts*':ofku^un^;
sevefal-5thbusarid"*giHs7h^
a'nd^have. Vfoh"* cbnsesslbaiirithe.'mar^'
riage'-relation*^ by7 going .7 on';' strike
against" their husbands.';- *-, "> ~,\7t'^ ;
y Under"anfold form of;marriage "con-
tract'-girls yet lri their teens;'are given
arid*7delivered "Into- marriage to ;utter
strangers'by their- parents'.'r*, v »*-*..'V' .*
! - The»members of' the - new ■- orgianiza-"'
tion^ refused'tollve*. more; than ^three-
successive * days \ with their. • contract'
husbands! - "They demanded tho right1
to visit their parents' homes and- to
return to.th'jsir husbands-only on certain holidays.", 1,- v * \ .7 ",* 77 .x-'7'.v
,. Where", parents 7 attempted.- to^force
their daughters to reinain continuously
with their, contract husbands tbe strikers' cominlted, suicide' by> drowning or
by poisoning wi'tfi"opium." r,..'"'"'■'V."'""'
'The outcome "was "that the parents
arid "■ the authorities' finally1 permitted
the women -to ,have ..their* own'way.
Most'of the .'girls In this-organisation
are"employed" in the silk 'factories. ; -:
" '-'•-'.«*
sieara*~*maKing^combustiiileT~^Th"e"
scheme was.p'romoted by a man named
Howard.--'7Th"at man' seemed to deceive the president of the New York
and New England Railroad concerning
the value-of, the n*l*V-ure, but the mechanical bfricials were not taken -in. ''
A new president was elected for the"
road,' and after an investigation he reported!'  ' *     ■
"Wo-have found out that Howard,
entirely unknown to the company, had;
contracted with a Boston firm to havo
an the coal used-by the company sprinkled with "some patent stuff called
'Kom-Kom,' which wns supposed tb
improvo' it In somo way. , Tho 'Kom-,
Kom' cost four cents a gallon, and
It took, three gallons to sprinkle a ton*
of coal. . Tims tho compnny paid 12
cents on ovory ton of coal for stuff that
was worthless. For 'tills purpose alone
Howard Bpont between $40,00 and
"150,000.'
"An inspection of the coal In tbo bins-
showed thnt it was tho poorost quality",
and resulted in tho rejection of soveral thousand tons thnt woro rondy for
dollvory. Yot tho company was paying for good coal. Tho annual report,
showed that tho cost of fuol hnd boon.
20 conts por trnln mllo, whorons thb'
nvorngo for nbout fifty ronds was only.
20 cents, Holwoen 'Kom-Kom' and
poor coal, tho Now York nnd Now
Englnnd had a hnrd tlmo of It.
"Tho fuol vnluo of conl dopbnds upon
tho qunntlty of carbon nnd bydrncnr-'
bona It contnliiB. When thoso nro
burned with tho propor admixture of
oxygen nothing moro of boat vnluo
enn lio socurod, no mnller wlint doc
torlug mny bo nttemptod."
At Green" Bay, Wisconsin,. Rosa M.
Perdue,"well-known-writer on sociological topics, "addressed the Wisconsin
Federation; bf-Woman's Club on the
subject, ".Tne Relation of Wages to
Morality!"**>.-7y ,    .""*" !\
Her address.iri part follows:' v 7 7
."I am..'asked"to."speak to "you; upon'
a .very, distasteful" subject. There' is
nothing attractive; about it.' But we
are here .to'-dlscuss problems and. induce- action",''not- to" be merely enter-;
tained.'-.-Jhe relation of wages to iio-7
rality so deeply'cbncerns a large', number of the citizens of the state, that
remedies" were" discussed at -the last
^esJibn_oLtheJegisIatur_e^andJwiil-Lbe
:,*7.^WL*AWE\& -FISHER' ,>
iny^yif'-'rf 7'i7!*,r-,"-l.\.'7-. ... '■.
L. 7.H.7
■\h-y'        _         .„
BarrJater^olibitQr/NbtaryJRiibUci ,«stc:7 yyi,
7,BLAIRlWOREi7
;Ai>Ahy
■?*:^;i74-.
••-■l-'V
-,*f -
of .the'.'White Slave Traffic" held -In
Vienna'.in. 1909, passed a resolution
asking that,'social'life be so modified
that .young," girls in every country re1,
ceiyea wage which'shall enable them"
tb iiye/"-;     ..       y ■';'' 7'_ y
,77Cheap,Boarding Houses   ...
"Toanyonewho has ever investigate
ed cheap lodging and boarding houses),
it'is' Indeed deplorable that anycyoung
girl, should be forced to live in" ■ any
place .where." a ^landlord expects, .'ta*
make^money from'girls" boarding ;*at,
?3 01; less ;per, week. If in a- private
family,.- so called,", it "means' an- utter"
lack 'of privacy, illegal-and'uriwhble-
8ome-"'crbwding." and "much' bf jhe'bur-
,-,0ne;of,the"'biggest ,strikes*'in tho!
history^bf the;Red-Cliff, mine*, waB
made-a-few daysfag;b lri-' thev"n6rth-'
westerly;"drift ,bf the upper,!workings
"' wheri. high-grade .'copper,; oro'Stho
whole'width of-tfie'dir!iftj.waB'*nin into,
a' large'projportlon" of"thls/qre will run
twenty .per- cent copper.*.1*.*";, The.:'mlno'
was 'never,in> better .shape xthan'it'lfl-
today,  arid.'everything-! /ls.-;ru'ririirig
hlv7   -.*'    '-..   :     .71*^.";-^
smoothly."'
NOT GUILTY 18
VERDICT OF JURY
Palls to Fix Blame for Fire Horror at
Triangle Walit Company's
Building
NEW YOrtK, Doc. 27,~Tlio stato
failed today to fix tbo blnmo for tho
flro horror of March 2G, mil, In which
147 employees of tho Trlnniilo Wnlst
company lost their lives. A verdict of
"not jrullty" wns roturnod Into today
by tho Jury In tho case of iHnnc Harris
nnd Mnx'ninnclt, proprietors of tho
factory, who woro Indicted for tho bolo-
c«,uit
' 1PRICC, »t CBKTS
f. What la n-MM   fey   Um»   t«rw <aUUr Is tbo flro,
*, ittm*******    ^a>«V<t'44li«.*\r<t4>     W*4JiH    i^HHU    {{J
T)wr"t\t n Trj-i-MlllMi nl Uu* rourlbtiUiii'
today of tho demonstrations which
havo boofi mndo against tho defendants during tho trial. Tho corridors
and entrances wero guarded by police-
nftor deliberating for one hour and 48
minutes, Tho pronouncement of acquittal waa first taken quietly by the
defendants, but after an adjournment
to the anteroom they gave way to their
•motion In tears when embraced by
relative! and friends. As thoy passed
out throuth * lane of pollcenwm to the
atreet a large crowd of men, women
and thlldren awaited them. One hysterical man tried to prviii tht^ojeb tit*
throo*. erylna; "Not Gniltyt Not tnlltyt.
Murder, murder, murder!" lie fell on
Um» §Up» of the eonrthooM to toav
v.i»»*J«iw, gaaptng that -i« had lot; « fhrndaya,
considered" at the" next. 77;
. "Last, year 'the"," Consumers' League
employed MFs£stewart of the "United
States Department !of'Commerce arid
Later* to make an-investigation of wag-,
es paid to* girls arid'women and the
homes and social life of such worker's".
Schedules" were' taken from 1,184
girls,-, mostly.1! from candy factories,
shoe, paper" box, glove, envelope and
clothing-factories.,;. In places of this
nature the girls 'are'mostly young and
unskilled, 252, or? 21 per'cent, being
under 16 years, arid'863, or'73 per
cent being under.'21'years of age,
while'only 44~wor-a'"over 30 years.
."- Average Wages Ascertained
"In this report tho wages were taken
from1 the average"ariiount the girl received during .tho. year, arid varied
from $2 to $ll, with one caso of $12,
ono of $15 and ono-of $18. The nvor-
nge wngo of 153, or 13 per, cont of tho
girls was $8 or moro ,and 230, or 19
por cont, are' paid loss than $*t per
wook. • Tho nvorago'wages of 202 Is
botweon $4 nnd $5 a week;,223 between $5 and $G; 227' between $G and
$7, nnd 184 botweon $7 and ?S.
"Tho wages of women ,nnd girls employed in hotels, restuarants nnd private homes must bo considered differently because In most cases tho employer furnlshos room ,and board. The
wngos' nro,' howe'vor, about,thb samo.
Olrls from 14 to 10 years of age bogln
work In private homes at Ifl.BO to $2.50,
nnd mature skilled workers" got from
$3 to $0, according to tho natnro and
nmoiint, of work roqulrod*. Oliambor-
malds of hotels rocolvo $3,50 por week,
whllo kitchen girls rocolvo $1 and
wnltroBBos $4.50 lo $5 por wook If thoy
room nt tbo hotel, or $0 If thoy must
room out.
"Thoro Is llttlo variation In'wagos,
of womon In tho lower rnnloi of nil
employments boenuse employers wntch
tho wages pnld by competitor*-. Whon
n now girl applies for work sho Is nsk-
od whom she worked' boforo, nnd at
whnt wngos. No 0110 firm, tho cost
of whoso product Is largely determined by wngos pnld to lnbor, can rnlso
wage* Independently, If It tried to
do so Its competitors would soon put
It out of bnslnoBS. All classes of
society, Including labor Itsolf, nro to
blame for tho low wages paid to womon. To mo It Is oncourasliiR that
tho subject li bolng ,consldorcd ut all.
"Tl.v thiamin woiui ftuui waKe«
bpiir to lho juwiij ulmhuiw li llif j.-JiJ
Is hnrd to dotorraW If tho «Jrl lives
In n homo whero there are several other wng«-onmer», ovon of'tho same
scnlo, nn honorable life can bo main-
Int., * 1 1.      . . .. , ,. ,.
must)glvo all hor small earning* to
support tho family at home, only to
find thnt It Is not enough, sho io In
danger. Miss Stewart's report cf conditions tells of one little girl.of. 15
aa the only mean* of anpport of *
family consisting of » paralyied f«tn-
or, a mother slowly Irwlna* hor fl*ht
and wsvmi small chlldrwi. Clrii, to
the number of seventy-eight *ew not
lH-tog at home.
"The board they were paying »ang>
«d from $1 10 M p*r weetr, with m»
girt working for her beenl ntuhte and
.V;l,»
"The* Congress for tho Supprenlon
den of "the household," for no "riioney
profit is possible on, $3 a week,' .and
the ad'yantago of taking""girls-to,board
mustjbb.gained'in"some^other,.way. • •
'. "Very few'.girls' are' a"dmitted7to
cheap lodging .houses, but when '.they
are it,.is in places,"of uncertain character,, where the!'destructi6ri of-,character is only a'question.'of time.""'Fifty
rooming and boarding' houses were
visited by Miss Stewart' in her effort
to ,deterinine tho actual ^necessary expenses of'.mero existence, to'a girl'who
either haB rip home' or, mustfearn her,
living' from home. • 7 '!!,.. ;
■ "The.cheaposf-meals. obtainable aro,
$3 per jyoolc for"throo meals,a day,,the
midday meal put up„to send .with tho
girl If so desired.." Tho price of rooms
Is more unoortnlri, tbo-cheripost being
$1.35 per week',, a small room'with'
torn and dirty pnpor,'but with heat,
light and, water provided. ''
"In-onlytwo of tho houses inspected
wero parlors",available for tho girls.
Tho boardlng-houso keeporB preferred
to havo tho girls receive, tholr company In their own rooms. The moral
Btandord,.of any. vory cheap.rooming
house* is an unknown quantity, ,ns
many n girl who has tried-them will
testify.        ..yy   _ . • i
"TJ10 Chicago Commission ori'tho
Social' Evil placos,, oconomic' condl**
ttons second lri tho list of seybn' contributing cnuBos'for.tho ruin of young
womon. Tho report says: 'Among
tho economic conditions contributory
to tho social ovll nro low wages, Insanitary conditions, demoralizing rein-
tlonshlps In tstores, shops," domosllo.,
sorvlco, rostnuriints and hotels! tho
street vending of children In rolling
pnpoi's nnd gum, vicious enloon dnnco"
halls nnd,other ilomornllzlng roflorts:
employment ngonclos which send ser-
vnnts to Immoral placos; tho rest
rooms of waiting plncoB whoro nppll-
ennts for work roBort; too* long hours,
nnd tho high prossuro of work; tho
overcrowding of houses upon lots, of
fnmjllon in -tho houso, nnd of perilous
In rooms,
"Speaking of womon crlmlnnls of
this tyiMs, Mrs. Welsh, matron In tbo
Auburn (N. Y.) prison, aays:
'"Tliey nro In tho main tho result
ol' n lack of training In the trades,
Inconsldornto marrlagoo, Ignorance,
youth, frlondlossnesn, tho gonoral un-
guided condition of girls, non-employ-
t^Tirmf'Tit!'., -nrrvousi loc'lun UhS lho
high prossuro of tbo llfo of'tho nvorngo factory employe.'
* Orlit of CrlmlnalMIII
"Mrs. O'Reilly, prison commlsBloncr
*i! 2Z&+*wl.L*ik*\il, %A'i*\ Vioifittti Miiri-
Inala are alio entirely the victims of
paraaltln aosson trades, that by piece
work and starvation* wages drain the
workers of life. liberty nnd happiness.
Tho average wage of women Is $4.60,
of gfrla f J.60, and ••"> jv»r rent, tit women worker* are unemployed. Given
Idleness, huniw nn/t nnrfatf, the JI|
coneeajed criticism of neighbor** and
the unendurable tension of nerve and
tnimJ*. tnS It la not long until we nnd
the women who come before the court
for offenee agalAsl Ut w«»ft-ato»|*
^ rPhe Chicago Vie* Cmmtnltm riHtt-
e«(thft-~  , *       '
*"On» of the chief reasons why glrla
■->,-•
Canadian
': v:y^P4^Jfie^:^:
For the; Rourid Trip:;
y—       ■   .■  y  7 7V-.  * v-
" - Beween all stations; PortArthui-
to Vancouver, anil Brancheb.   -::;' 7
.". Going dates; Dec/21,: 19il„tb" Jan/
1; 1912.--   -';_ *~yy,,f:yy.yS<
■7 Final return limit,* Jan! 5th, 1912!
-  ,    i     ,,-. . ' j-   j.    ,-* "'i ,
.   .1 ;—T7T-:	
, For further. particulars' apply- to
nearest agent", or. tb7 **' ' \ .'•' :
R. Q. McNEILUIE, District-Passeiv
''..    ger Agent,' Calgary, Alta. S-"'
y\i
ysiyyry
y„7^
.*,".-, *-i<t*
! :"A!;! MolAu^.olftgp*
^:.;
' .t *;.,, ^ -^.
-V'> ***-">
:r.\
Manufacturers of and Beal-
^t^S -xsy^J y v\Vv
ers in all kinds of Rough
K Al- T"-JV v^-c. ^    'Xy^'-   ^Y7;s[
; ;T and ;Dressed tiimltep, *
Send us youF oriieps
7 T ■* <
Central
Hotel
if \t«
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?»
'!
Royal
Miiii
-"-'V
j ;._-> -»- >*.>     J~j*tfi i-"^*"1
.-*■•■?.
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled;
All White ¥el^
** .-  <.-,-,. i "";■ y •
,  it, p -iy .i-'.y y y
.'Everything^;
,, Up-to-date r(
*-",,'   > *i *",
Call in and
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
P. Carosella
' 1 1 i r ''   '    - , '
: Wholesale Liquor Dealer,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
. Gents' Furnishings -
*m
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT,, HOSMER, B.C.
H
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Llisrd Loeal General Ttamatera No.,
' 141,   Meets ovory Friday* night at
8 p, m. Minora' Union Hall.  W.
A Worthlngton, Prosldonti  B. J,
Good, Bocrotnry.
Bartenders' Loeal No. 614: Meota Snd
and 4th Sundaya at 3.30 p.m. fleers
tary J. A. QouplH, Waldorf Hotol
T
r*Hnr4*fnnn rdf^l M«, ^?*'1,>J, *», »,*/   f
Meeta 2nd and 4th Thuraday Mlnwi
Union hall.    l). Hoes, 3e\
**-%** W
Stanley §t. - - Nelson
"»••* Famiry anif WorMnj man'*
Metal in Cltyi nlcily fumlihad
room9 w/th Bath,    P«cf», fiOo.
•ach. mtala, Sio,
A Union House
Prnp., J*, t. ttAtHRATT
Typeoraphlcal Union No, SOB'   Meota
last 8aturday in each month at th»
rotary.
j
1
j
tt
J
Loeal Fsrnls No. 17 «. p. of 0. M*eta
* In Minora Union Hall amy Sunday
at 7.<5 p.». Everybody welcomo. I),
Ptton, Bwrttary-Treasnrer.
UnlMif ttrMhurhotxf of C«rpant«ra and
Joiners.—Lo<*j J220. D. J. Brans,
PrwMant; F. I!. Shaw. Swretary.
J
Try a Ledger A ti
HhiiMiHri
mwmml^mmlml j», j^,=--"^y- ■
RlV;.f';V^.>- SW$k$?$S-.;-^ ;^,,-Y.;r^
*& • y.-;; ;:^7 ""7 ;^£.&»%7^
•s*i.
yjuy-y-yy
I  W*.      -.--'■?, sj-v--'•--■•
.7 "77   """'
:"-/**i
'•"•   'i>u-^{NESVEDOMiTBsf-7fKApTTALU7f
- ^y77^ya*^^l^^^*
- •    ; y Nesvedomlt^st;; Ka"pitalu^ Je Stvrdg'ia;';'
' 7W*S'skal^ 6"
?r-¥-^.n9/^n?i^°^^.'?;oT 8ehe rpvnych:'
•■ 7Co" Je' takfimu kapitalistovi.'dd Cloveka
•:vrobbtnika?-v'.Ni-5 Kapitai'iata vie io on
yje na syot'poslany od'.bbha^ze'on'Jena
■r- fsve'te vrchnost'bti^ktbru taka 'chudobna-
^haye'd'" 'mu'si; ro&pektbvat'i* musl.-ja-'pos-
- •*.>-.
7Za7taiybhto:bkoinosti:riieWanl'div,
'x".V*-'*•>■.-; . »i-v/": ' --"*-- »-.•■.*■,'.*-' -„->,-,-A'
ze> meazi^robotnictvom ,.vzkrsneymy*5-
lienka"; p'omity.- ^ Na '-.\ Jednoj'ut Btranfe"
'  " „'   ■.«(„-.„**;?.'* -'■tf-'     i. -V.   "     'l~- "
'* ' o " t-ollflflinnnaP ' V a-nf falls'  '
\- '■'*; "i^fSjC r *   ,  v-;^-'*     -:-^7yyv 7-   ;
.; :y•"*{■!55^^^^-. yy? y ,.     :\r y yy y7^7 .*■•    ■■ \
-y^
-. -:  ;.v;,:-'.-!r.**a:'):--*"
--*.i>-*st'W:.tl ■"•:
Yarvluna~facll*3''oecupazione.'i
„■**<£--*-<&**:
a ,, •>" - arbada knawv. ktori 'za^ten-kus zlata "JS^?   * , f 7; v•   < ,**
'V\-^uJu'ni^
<jl- Red" by kazatelia slova boBleho ne-
boli horslmiod JudaSa, kapltal by'tak-
-: ym'zatyrdlym nebol. . Ked'.by.kaza-,
-' tella'slovaObbzleho vystu'povall, proti
. bohaCbm .tak'-'p'rlane a'-tak; eherglcky,
' ;jakoVystupuju prbtl'chudobnym"robot.
;';-..; .-.   08TRZEZENIE'   7*        . ;■■
,--,,-     -.--,»    -  ..-.-.---.--"-   -  CzIonkowleRosyjskiej Sekcyi,Sbcy-
;.nlkom, boha8i;by,.nemohll;;b"yt'r tak allstow„w;;Philadelphli nadeslall nam
• nel'udskyml. a tak nemfavnyml,',Ja"kV ---•■•■--'-.--■«--'-    ■ 	
an dnes.  - Ale to sa nestava.
Kapltal
""vtu.xnusl bytV abymal koho otro5it',
*. '-'niusla.tu byt'Jaj 'knazl,- ktorl^kapltalu
\^otrbkov v.'jijOdbbe naboSnych\,oye6iek
. dodayaju, za Co dostayaju svbj podiel.
CJ'^ESte dbposial' vSa'd© "stall kna'zlsna
;-;"«tfane kapltaluj kde robotnicl bbib'vall
aa7VaCSi' kus-= ,cnleba.-'r**.rvBolo''tak -na
"westmorelaridskoj "okolici a- jo -tomii
17
^-.,    tak^na ka2dom-plejza:tf v.ka2dom;'ml-7 .„. „ , „      4Ulll
,<    ^«ste,«kde.Vobbtnik' musiVprotl.-paira^ iryminalo.'.- •-J&.Sobowiazan^je^t^ra*' J8**0*0-idl"jpommeBtiblll*■ a" comperars'i'25 ydrando nellj
;. 7^7q"stl*-kkapftalu jystuplt'.-7 Co.nez'mo-  cWac':w.,wodzle od-lG'dbU7-gbdz'ln soldl ^1*faT.inadl; granbturcb e si cu- ^ueste'si"" rl
'>."-¥'.a': tt«zlbmlJ?pollca]tska'. pallca';!';.a; dzlerin'te rece'mapokale"czone>odmrb- ?lna-r.0^°*"na.gentilissima polenta,.la gutto ad un-
-ie'' a': n-ezlbmlj.pollcajtska. pallcaya
■•' 7 ■ kbzacky^obusek, to ,'zlbml* knaz.'''". On
-H.tak" -dlhb..•.posoblSYojimj.^ezultsliym'
, sposbbbm,"na uboh-Shb otrdka, 2e :cel-
- '-',kom zlomi"jeho'energiu-a uCinla-nehb
"j* povbl'rilhp,a;poslugn6"hb'otroka*r'"' Toto
„.,;'■ vie kazdykapitaUsta; a;pretb;nqustupl
.• ;7deJ sa"5o 'dej.>'S;:_'   '■- ./ \. **•"-^
7;   Uz skoro* dva tlslce, rokov kaiSe sa
'\ Krlstovo u5onlop.ktor6.sa prbtivi'dnes-
- • kaJSlemu   spplo6«nski5m'u ; z'ariadenlu,
-"t. ale dopbslal' z-neho nebolb uskutoCn-
"„yehe .aniVplsmeny.'V: Kristovo uCeriie,
'-. ka2©.spravodllybst'.7diios.,panujo ta
- najyaS-jla'npsp/avodllvost'; kaze lasku
■ .*k;blIi8n-OTU^.—/nlkdy^nonavI4el;jfideiJ'
y.'• druhelio,' :ja% 'prave. dnes'*- kaZev.bcK
■ . ,,~haeom,;;pred^ tdj
- • -■jCh'udbbnym^''"alo^chboVto "to".fnlek-*
- tbremu.bohaeoyrpovedat', zatvofla vas
yy-^°'^lazl"ca-"^ Mn?hp -a; mnoho.-.kVas-*
^|    / ' ,-' voijQ.7uheni.-'ale jeho. kazlt-elia-ho oelo*
f    f - l7preWatlli.v':'-'"''-;-i*7-'i-,--7-'v." 'y "" ;;v*>v
1 7, -7 Preto'je'iapltal .talc bezoltnym'aneu*.
"- - 'stupnym;" .'"Na'-prlklad" y'touisvllie, v.
„ "State Colorado; BlaVkujuvbarilcI 7u2
"'* skorot^letdm^ky^A.nli^k^oe.n^
■ -■ -atavlcy-oBto 'nlct^sVadneho'.yybl'a'du,'
,   t«n' si to treba povaJIt', Co to znamena
' pro lakoho-ba'nlkardva rolcy hepraco-
yat'.'" Ved;. dva". .tyZdn'e,, nozamestha-:
•' y no'sti prlvndzaju','do ;bytu'robotnikqv-.
7- "Ho "filnd a-bledu^d as! must vytrpet','
.   trya-ll neznrflestnanost'jdva roky?  ;.  ",
\_} Tlc2,v,Muscatine, Iowa, trvaitavka
f 'tameJSIch.perle'tla'rov. skoro cely rok.'
:,y "ineste, t'onito ^ 'devat' flrlem.na"
■'*-.yyrohu porloto a yneSla-Ciastka oby-
-Vatel'staya sa Myl-vyhradne lontym-
to obqrora pracb. /'Kod'.prod rokoni
7 -vyfili robotplcl na-.stoyjju, vtody zahi-
: ostnavntolla'srublll, "to'vy'hovoju pb»la-.
,   dnvkam, nlo'Jnkbnnhlo sa robotnicl do
, prace, vratlll,   zambslnavntella 'dane
, , slbvb zruBllI n poClndayky nosplnlll.'
• - TnUto Blamiinl robotnicl ,'vyBll .zas 'na
* s'tavlcu a bd toj doby.stavkuju nopro-
' trZlt-o. ■" 7' '7"'
A jakourady.zachadzaju stymlto
stavkarml, to Jo tie* kus krost'anskej
humanity.1, ^TJpotfobuva sa proti nlm ,1
:    tych nnJhorJIqh n nnJukrutnoJSIch pro-
strledkov.     Najmuto holy solo hufy
poohopbv a klackaroy z Chlcagn, ktorl
nouJotrla, nnl stavkarov, anl obCanov,
,' ktorl a nlmlsuhlaBiaalobo sympntl-
buJu.    \JLony suftalarovano, a'panujo
. tu krnjno bosprnvlo, ktorola noodvnei
■*, nlkto trostat,* ponovaC mestskn spravu
sloRona Jo t prlvrioncov a prlatol'ov
ptvnoy znmi-BtnaYAtd'ov.  Knazl, naml-
«sto toho aby (fill a prohbvorlll kapltnl
zone,] krew z nlchJclecze;vza cale'po-'
zywienie daja'nm tylko ■ kawo" czarna
bezclikru i grochj-'a^przy'najmnleje-
zem • "opadnieciu z", sll," kapita'n Frank
Smltd blje, go po;g*lowle, kopie''nogahii,
i nanoco .zaiiuwa7w;ikajdany, i wo;
gole past wl sief jak tylko zdolny Jest
pastwic Bie amorykanihi,- - "' ,;■
.W "niedzlele^ostryg * s'lo 'nie'polawia,
ale.-*zatb Manln caly-dzler, musl. rabac     - -v-    .   --■ -     ..   -
driewo^jczysblc-statekl^ykonyw'ac qu^1 -V€n-S°n? sottoposti dalle compa-
rozne'gospoda'rcze' czvnhoBoL* -.   - ■ " gnle e n.eB.H an,Inl'* ormai "stanchi d'in-
649 Drexel Bldg., Ph'iladelphla, Pa.":'
!v
, .      ,      - -,       Jndlcntos Indlgosllon, constipation or
islom do du«o, kraln svojo oveljky no- liver toronhlo. , PIG PILLS will ro-
hoskou slavou a pbiikMuju   lm   na gulato your'systom and build up tho
Krlsta, *Bo vSotko on musol vytrpot',
kod' nni chcol vykuplf., A tak bala
mutln 1'ud, faknlCIa Joho'onorglu, tak
to nohoroblaotrokov.
tym;\-^Tentqimbtlv' istotoe zieiastky-
viedol i-.bratbv McNamaroycby. \- Je
to sposqb/n^pfaTOy>*j.schyal!bvat,7
riemoie' "n'iktb,- ale, taky.i,eibveW- si my-
sll;-jestli inoze--kapltal ^protijrobotni-
kom'r'bojoyat'- prostriedkami' nezakbni-.
Polish
nastepujacy" komunikat. •
., Andrzej'Manin rosyjskrrovvolucyon-
ista, za posr-ednictwem bid* ra streczen
Mblczanowi.Co.-w Baltimore; Md,.at-
rzymal: prace':na statku" Lottie May,*-
nalezacym?do_'Charles7Woodland," ' a
polawiajacym ostrygl' na. Hopo" island,
Maryland/,--- ' '* "' e . "' -'
.;*-"P"faca'*;na.,£ym niewolniczym statku,
w^wwolnej.nlby.to Ameryce, stokr'oc
Jest' gbrsza",; niz tv jaklmkolwiek .badz
^^OFiTTO^ECjl^^i^l?,
'i3$tt:',"-. "*-    '-v^DtSGk'^ALTFil
*.- . *, ■ -     ^.- —    i yy--;f-yy>- ,**v---j ■-
I •tLa7Pi'od"uzione' • ^del-.-"«Mpl&^negii
Sfati -.TJniti fu nei lQiO^divtonn'ellate
501.596,378 cioe del 39.2.por.'^ntb^deir
intera produzione-'mondia^e-y-f }"^y.
-• La-Jprbduzibne .-deli'antfaoite "rnel"
mese ,dit)novembre fii''to"nrieilate';6ii93.-
314 ^contro 1;, 071,745iCdel.;nbvembre
1910' e* hei, primi undibi5p'esPlu" 'dVj8,-
.674,208'. contro tbnn,:fB*164^6Bc;'dellb
stessQ-periodb' di "mesifdei:i9l6;y-."77';-
f.H raccolto' del 19117 iu:.di;dpila'ri:8^
671,000,000.00^ una 'differenza'.'in'inenb
sul. raccblto del 1910 -'di "dofiafi""277.-;
00"o;6q6...-" Tale ■ difjerenza.'-;fu~','d6yuta"
agli eccesstvl calbrl." ~?.y 7->ySS-''"
, Gll StatV,Uniti produ'eono-i',;3:'5' del'
i-accoftb mondiale del co'tbneFed'.i 3.4
aei granoturco..-^      ,v..v;—-7-iT; ■,.-.'■;.-<.  « ui iuumer, n«i •j.exas.-aove piccoie
'La,produzlon'e,d€l,petrolib/neL;]910. "squadfe di mlnatorl possono.trovaro
fu negli Stati"Unijl di b'arlli 209,556,048 faciimente lavoro.' .Le paghe varlano
cio U.6'4, pen cento deirintera:;produ7  - "- -     '
lavoro,- In ca*is*i..Sr!3cioperb, Bpese^re"
milioni di dol'lai£*.*i7 .'y - ■\^SyhSvy.
*' - '- " 7^^*7*.-. ^ :/.?£$l£
■■ Nel campo.^-Tercio," Colol, tiilavolri-
yannb ora'abbastanzavbene e lepaigfio
PAGE-SEVEN
zibne. -
7NATALE.
rozne gospodarcze czjuhoscl
** Manln' w sekireslo .jvyslal list' przez
■murzyna i blaga, aby go. wydobyc-'z
te*.' straszneJ7amerykanskiej' njewoli,
przrk^prersyberyjska;katorga moze
b>;cuwazan'a'.zasjaj-ilemski yyy'y '"'
John.N.-Laridberg,
T^L
"}- yy.■«ncy~««,^.t&AKNiNu77T. ^
■;■ Even; -*;c"apitaiist f^yorninentB^are'
learriirigT'^The litle *Araerlcan'7repub-
liO*:o"f UrUgiiay Itf-South HAm0rlca:,-\Vithr
.a population.-of.jlesa than, the; city of
•Noy^Yorkj-has adopted the;policy" of
public'* ■ inpurancK,' "-.The". ""president**-
blainjs-:to, be ;follbwing:..tho;:raiIro'ad:
Insuranco Idea jind expbets;'ere -long'
tQN.,bave;,ey<u,ybodyiinBurodr,.the/same;
as.they-aroln- Germany.and-a's; England' has under contemplation.' fNpt
only this, but Uruguay is preparing*
for.flro and'accident Insurance.'" Tho'
monoy of.Uru'goy'is' Issued also by a-
publlc-bank, not by private banks,ahd,
every dollar Issued is guaranteed, by
tho goyornniont^nbt-by ''gpvern'merit
bonds or other socurltios." W. D.
i3oyco, editor bf the.Chicago-Bladq,"
whllo visiting In. Uruguay, recontly,
witnessed a'strike on ono of. tho, prl-""
vnbi>ly.o*)vnod'8treot car lines. ■'.;Tho
presldont absolutely refused'to, interfere. Whey asked why ho did so, ho
rop!led:;."To|lot tho pooplo. Ithow how
strong thoy, tho po'bpio, aro. "Socialism Ib only the pooplo acting for thorn-
aolyes."- * Aftor reading Iho nbovo you
viUi not bo surprised to Joarn that Presldont Untile Is a pronounced Socialist;
Ho was not'only oloctod ori a Socialist
ticket but plainly states that as,rapid-
ly ns- ho' can secure tho necessary
changes ho intonds to glvo Uruguay a
purely, Socialistic governmont—Tho
Appeal.- , "..*"*"
Sallow Complexion
norvo forces so that you can sloop
ami onjoy llfo, At nil dealers 36 ond
150 cents;,or Tho, Pig Pill Co., St,
Thomas, Ont.
'<"-.
List of Locals District 18
•in*. NAME 8EC, and P. 0. ADDRE&S    •
SO llankhond ....«'...; p. Whtatley, Dankhcad, Alta.
4M Tlenvor Creok  p, Gnughton, Denver Creek, via Plneher
431 Dellevuo....*, J. Dtirko, Bollovuo, Prank, AltR.
■S183 Ulnlrmoro.., B. J. Chaso, Blair moro, Altn.
949 Burmls .Tos; Derbyshire,' Burmls, Alta.
327 Carbondalo., J, Lonsborry, Cnrhondnlo, Colomnn, Alta.
3I3M Cardiff ;.. ;• j, p0oIo, OartlKf, Alta.
110»-      OlMtnA.I, «•     n     M      '<      ,       '" ,'
?«"t!t   Colomnn.. .* w, nrhhnm, PMnum), AJlJi. *
mi  Corbln '." R. -Jones. Corbln, B. C.
1126'Chinook Mines .... Wm. Forsyth. Diamond City. Alia.
2178   Diamond City Mbort 5&ik. Diamond City, Uibbrldgo.
2314   Fornlo , Thos. Uphill, Pernio^. 0.
•**«•":   Vra-nV r» yidjt yrszt-   m.
34D7. Hbsmor ,. y. Balderatone, Hosmer, B. C.
ltol lllllcrwt ..„.;.,.. J. 0. Jonoa, Hillcrest, Alt*.
; 374 Uthbrtdgtt I*. Mooro, 604, Sixteenth 8t., North lothbridgo.
4180 Lothbrldfo Colllorlet Frank Baringham, toe., via.', Klpp. Alta.
"H UH'».  W. L. Brans, Llllo, Frank, Alta
tin Msple Le«T M, otlday, Maplo I*afr Boiiomo, Alta.
«»♦ Mlc-hel  m. Bumll, Mich«l. B. O.
14 Monarch Mine.... Horaro Woodleld, Tabor. Alta.        "'
1V& Paatbnrg.., Robt. Erans, PasshnrK, Alta.
J5M Royal Vlow Thoa. B, FUUr, Royal Colliortet, Lethbridgv, Alta
1*» TTihtr  A- Patteroti, Tabor, Alta,
IM Taber j. Coopor, Tahw, Alia.
3311 Udyimlth  J, J. Taylor, Udyamlth, D. C.
iiti fiaoMtUnd ,,.. r«ter McW tea. 8nm«rlaiid. R C
m Wol»n«ton  ftiot. .Ilimt, WoBlnitOa, tt. C,
IIU NMtaaw ,,,.; -jTaelr m««, Nan*!no, B. 0.
MINERARIO '' 7
. ..        .,'        Wllburton;:Okla.'-''
I signori mlnatorl delle minlere del-  — =  ~ _*„... *m„„m uc.ro Mi,«*-
la compagnla Demne's dl Wilburton si* raztonl nelpozzo dl una mlnlera viclnio
sono sentiti molto signori perche man- a Bessemer, Mich.'cadde da un'altezza
darono in giro per le mlniere una per- di"-190,'pledi, rlmanendo morto istan-
sona. a collettare danaro per comper- taneament«7 -• .--■ - .-■-■-m*-'" - ' ' -
are, un,regalo al povero sbpralnten
dente' Billy Paul.'     II"'regalo -cbnsis-   "SI ha da Shenandoah, Pa.i che un
totte in' un orologio d'oro. - II soprappiu' "violentisslmo% iiiicendio ba distrutto la
del denaro* collettato ando a. beneflclo
della"chiesa,cattollca' -"",■*••*>-■.■ "'7_,,
.Cosi'?s'oprintendente,,prete e mbna-
chepassarono le'feste del Santlssimo
Natale • mangbjmdo. allegramente"; poll- yofp':
astri arrostitl^e*- beyendo , gioconda- '"'" '
mente bupn ylnb.e buona:blrra.      .- „, ..L       -.,  —  .„„_
;I" mlnatorl, si-recarpno dai:-,negozi-'200 ,per6one"'stavanb l'altro giofno ia-
ante.dicommestlbili^a comperarsi'25 iyorandp nellg mlniere dl Cross Tetley,
cni*** r)f favino. ^1. orvonAhivnA ^ *«i ^..    niiAaf a - at * riempiroiio * d'acoua' ill<s SP-
lmpro'vviso straripamentb
del flume viclno.-' Si teme clie i 200
minatorl *slanp rimastl affogati.
mangia'ronp ,* arditamente, annaffiando-
la'-.d'acqua.'fresca; ,,-;.';':, ,,.,7-. *•
'---I'mlnatorl*'Italian!'"che non sono
cam"orrlst!7sono"pregati di non yenire
a'chied'ere-lavoro" alia Demne's Co^  "
7775NEL.SUD COLORADO .
.- FraM "minatorl "-'delle .COntee ,:Las
Animas,, Htierfano7(e Frement regna
un. vivo inalconterito per i soprusl ai
II' ventitfeenne 'Martin Patruka In*
questi gibrni; in'causa di un dlsgra'ziato
ac'cident'e. bccorsogli "nella miniera
Ridge, ''sitiiata"' nei dintomi ' di 'Ma'T*.
hahoy,...Pai;^precipito da un'altezza di
260 piedi; rlina'nendo ofribilmente sfra-
giuEtizlo/Ssl .ya facendo7strada' l'idea'
di" proclamare'!unb 'sciopero'. geherale.
II Gpvernato're" "Shafroth", .mess'o al
correnteJdeila'graylta.della-Bltuazione,-
ha. adoperatpyutta'-;la* sua influenza!
pressp le ■ compaghie' per .con vincerle a'
riconoscere. le* domande del- inihat'ori e
8conglurareffcosi' 16""sciopero'1 e pare
ihO^*dopera^sua7n6nisio7stata^.vaua,--
pefche gll ufficiali" delle, "cpmpagnie"
i'nteressate hannb .annunclato che. far-'
anno delle importanti.'concessloni ai
loro operal.:.r*-. 7 '- "-,,'*"' J>:"--"\
-'■yedremb'se sapranno poi m.antenere
le'-pro'messe.1" V'' 7, .V*"     -" ' •'
;'' '] UNA'SERIA MINACCIA
' I prop'rletarl .^et dlversi' cotonlflcl'
di Manchester/ Inghllterra, hanno di-
chiarato che a datare da mercoledl'
prosslmo non faranno plu dlstinzlone
di.unlonl'stl e nbn unlonlstl e cho dar-
anno lavoro,-tanto ngll unl cho agll
altri.1 , SI tenie cho gll opornl,unionist!'proclnmlno uno sciopero generale
per c'ostrlngorc 1 padroni ad abbandon-
aroja dellber^nzlono prosa.
', So lo'Bdoporo venlsso proclamatb,
bltro.,170 inlla opernl lasclerebbero 11
lavoro."    .     ." "*" ' v
CRONACHETTA OPERAIA  ,
-*La pan'attorla unlonsta cooporatlva
dl San Joso,' Calif., rltrao un gundagno
dl circa 2 ralla dollarl al racso.   ■
7      •   •   •
Nollo minloro dl carbono dl Bay City,
Mich.-, II lavoro procodo' dlscrotamonto
bene, mn la mono d'opera o suporflua.
• •   »
L'unlono dogll oporal addettl In Now
York alia proparazlono dol gas in
qubstl glornl vonno aumentata di 2
nulla membri.
• ♦ ••
, I contadlnl dol Tonnossoo hanno un-
anlmlmonto dollbornto dl non usaro
plu prodottl so non' provongono da
ditto unlonlsto. •
• •   ♦   •
Nol DlBtrotto. mlnornrio dl. Ton,
Wash., la mnno d'opera 0 suporloro
al blsogno. La paga media o dl tro
dollarl al glorno.
• •   •
Al prlnclplnro dolla prlmavorn pros.
Allonsvlllo, noll'Ohlo.
•   •   ♦
Nulla prosslma ostnto si darn prln
elplo In Sacramento, pnllf., alia eostru
slono dl un nitovo grnndloso Implnnto pop cent., or 42,000.000 foot, as compar
per la produxlono della lueo olettrlca
• - *   •
I Invorl vnnno grndualmonto mlglo-
rondo nollo mlnlcro dl' Phillips, Le-
high 0 Conlgnto, liolI'OItlahoma, poro
la mano d'opora 0 suporloro al tliog-
* *     #1
Una compagnla dl caplialUd ha dollbornto dl apend«re meno mlllone dl
dollarl per svlluppnro le mlnlcro car-
honlfero oltunto K81 dlntornl dl Wnsh-
., :,E' cessato"-*1 Berllrio,"' Germania^rlb
sciopero' del', sartf e:delle sarte,,vin",iiu-
mero'-di clrca^jSOimilk. - Essl^sbriV
tornati a'layoro'senza. aver potuto.bV
tenere neB'sune^deile'dbmande'fatte^'
-..--* ^'^"yfeyv ."*:_-*' '-     ~>\y;\y
cSi ha^da^Butte^Mont., checbi primi
del prbsBiinb AprlleCuna forte" compagnla^ di];capitali8Ut'dara- principib' alia
"costr'uzlone. di;3--;miia--inigiia di fe'rrb-"
via fra'gl'i Stati Uniti e il Canada".•
*"'; '"'.'".' ".-"'•   •"- *    . ■' ■ '
I lavbri prbcedbhb 6r'& abbastanza
bene nolle minlere carbonfi'ere dl-Lyra
e di" Thurbe'r, nel Texas,7'dove piccoie
da",due dollarl e'mezzo atre ejmezzo
al giorno pei- otto ore dl lavoro.   "
,"*'_. l...,V»'.*.**      , -, 7    • ,-
_ II yentin'overine' Giuseppe Montonati',
nativo di Sesto, Calende, mentre qualche giorno' fa stava facendo delle ripa-
miniera.'.cono'scluta;;sotto il nome di
VWest'Shenandqah-.Coillery." I dannl
'sono ingenti8simi.^'..- "Parecchieroentin-
ai'a.di minatorl sono* rimasti senza' la-
Sl--ha" da'.Londra che mentre.oltre
cellatb:
-.,-.£
QUICKLY. 6TOPS COUQH8,  CURES  COLDS.
HEALS THE THROAT AND (UNGQ. 25 CENTS
HORRIBLE^Cp.lNDiTIONS      .   .    ' ,:
.7y:-OF;,CHILD SLAVERY
The * taking,7by testimony   by  the
YorkTStateyF^tolT^InTeTugSt"
lng; Commission," "preparatory lo' "rthe
draftingjIof;:a;bill for the legislature
concerning' factory and factory labor
regulation*'has ?erided. , The commission heard ihore^about child labor," a
good^,deal^onciej*nJ[ng tuberculosis am.-
ong^,Italian, immigrants, nnd the ,de-
tails'of a.nbw plan of Henry Briierb,
the,head'bf.the Bureau of- Municipal
Research", .regarding . the respective
power's of .the Tenement House Department and the Department of
Buildings. -George A. Hall of tho
Child'.Labor Commltteo, told tho commission .that there ,wero moro than
40,0dp .children' working in Now York
tenement houses and earning, $3 a
wook,, and that many foreigners sent
abroad; for'children undor 14, thinking
they can bo put to work as soon ns
tlioy land. - '/In 1896," ho added,
"there woro 21,220 children with work-
ing papers. v This number Increased
In'1910 to'36,351."
CANADIAN LUMBER
Advance official satisfies for 1910
placo the Canadian yield of' lumber
at 4,900,000,000. board feot, worth over
175,000,000. Of tho 2fi native species
of wood cut tho first nlno wore softwoods, spruce, bolng tho most Important, as it furnished one-fourth of the
total out. Spruco and white pine'together formed barely ono-hnlf of tho
1910 out, whllo In tho yonr previous
thoso two spocles mado up noarly
throe-fifths of tho total. This docrenoo
in proportion Is duo not to a smaller
cut of tho two species, but lo a groat
Incronso In tho amount of Douglas fir,
hemlock, cedar, nnd yellow plno produced In British Columbia, One-
fourth of tho 1900 cut wns formed of
theso four apcclcs, whllo In 1910 tho
total cut of tho four wns Increased 70
por cont. Up to throo yoarn ago whlto
.      .      ... —   plno stood at tlio top of tlio JlBt, whon
slnia si comlnclora la costruslono dl un u was mipplnntod by spruco, although
tronco forrovlarlo fra Wjnndotto od tho.actual,out of the former had not
docroasod, Tlio prediction of last
year that whlto plno had nearly reached Its maximum yield has proved truo.
as tho out shows n rolling off of 4
WWl   l»^<
•   *
od with 1909. In British Columbia
tho cut of yellow plno has Increased
nearly 000 por cent. In ono year. This
Incronso, amounting to over 150,000,000
feot, was sufficient to ralso tt In Importance from fourteenth piano to
sixth placo among tho different species.
"Oh, my!" the cxtlftlnicd Impatiently
"wo'llfbo ')uto lo ntlsM tho first net.
We've boon walling a good many minutes tor Unit Mother ot -nlno/'
"Hours, I should say," he replied
tartly.   '
"Ours?" sho cried Joyful. "Oh,
George, this Is so sudden.'
Lo minloro carbonlforo del Dlstretto dl Wolr. nel Kansas, cho por novo
mesl furono InMtlvo, sono ttato quasi
tutto rlaporto « »{ il tavora tutti I
giornl.
.'•••■ imi« ii mm unarm n •««» •««■ n \nm coanir
tj, .(.lu. i. «.    .. .   »k»» Ul e«*»r ilmtm put Mdttaf m4 mi* Um lu
1^*1 mimoro rMrhnnltsm Mtt-nf-** n**l  f« i«« m mihin *» i» imwiim   r«»*n<*
»UtT*1to dl JoBloo. T*»n, fuutlonano """ "^ "™" >™»*«<i>t* ,«i«tu,„ «
or* rofolannente « potiono  trovarvl
uticorn lavoro parocehl mlnatorl.    La
pafa « dfscrcta.
•   •   •
Dnrant* qqmU olrimr ,**» annt m
Uitlted Mine Worltra ol Amtrlea per
Fl tnanttnlmonto dol suol membri scn»
T*M* *• WWW Ojlurti la UK mWm *t |k* wwlrt
.-... —k.. m.—«».«... toetu^f M4 wt4 jj, £ji
  J »*• lOfliMhM    ror«invrt>
niny ynn* fitxlnn iw«i-itm«wt l» • liana -uimum vtA
prr*ertb«1 ine*) -vohxIiwi. »»*4 l»f teuumilr Wl
i» run* villi U*>» tminmt pmMwtnl li MnrtH*.
Vilrmf Ku IfiravM CfcurHi U b* • «M«U*«|te«l «M»
nr, »■>** lUcrelurji Trioutrn ,whKlf«Uom4 Imtnmrt.
ir-,11*) Oiurrf) f*tim, im>inf*<fin*4 trr f, J, '.twntl
A Oi. CHnl). OftM. *• t-m nnlr CMnnthitfunti run ft"
lb* m»t»n. II H utM MtffMtlr H -*M trm H
*h-« m • twtwiHfct ll »rt* *itfilf m Ih* M«n4
t\4 n«ra*M ***MT*«v« 4** tt* «r«Mm. tl** «.«*(*? v*
M\4~4 fSAlUrt ter »**# fM» M MM »» mf,    **ii
Allr>« r.i.rHI-NI'V * CO,T*l«4«,OU*.
T»M lltU'tViBllr l*4t(l«liarMi0«tMl.
i><;■-, »*   •*■•'' -■'',..     •'-  -'
-■, -r\,   *-.*-„.    \ ' ** *
■: >7:-'
X ...
The Paper that gets there
a ,
*'''CJ Advertising that advertises is the
sort -desired-.■by'- persous, seeking
ypublicity for their wares.,
CfSelecting the medium is important—the publication that reaches
the people---the wage-earners—
should "appear-to the discriminate
. purchaser of "space.; /? -'. -    /
Oft Its an easy, matter to acquire
space, in a paper but its another
point/to .get adequate returns from
the outlay. 7-;.    .'-y' '.. '    :
Cjf Advertisements that sell goods
make interesting reading from time • .
, tO;-timey*givin^..£^ts'and'%iires/
; -Cjf Any Arrangement of type matter
""and .words iii a paper is not adver- •
tising. ,  A well-written and neatly   *
displayed ad is a source Of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. , Discover your busi-.
ness with tho use of Printers Ink.
^ Get acquajnte.d.with. your custo-
mersi meet iiiem weekly, through
the columns of this,paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way to- ,
wards being a success.
**T Let the now comers -know who
you are and advertise your business,
OR Tlie District Lortgev has tlfo
largest circulation.in the Pass and
should bo your spocial medium to
tell your weekly story. Just try-
can't toll until you try.
- M
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger
J ■>
mmm
.V-        -a
PAGE EIGHT
-.*,
"OT DliTWOT; LEDGER i«WnB,  B. 0.; ^AJITJllY 6, 1911
iiii«w -if--- -a
<-*-^7.' - ■
7 -Don't forget the big hockey,match
yon." Tuesday night-
7 Fernie Seniors.
-Macieod Seniors v.
c, ■ Tho local branch of Modern- Wood
■wen of America -will holdan\lnstalla-
^tlon-vof- of fibers on Monday "evening
next* at 8 p.m..    *  -     *7y,"" 7    '•
:■
* , Fernie Academy of" Stenography and
typewriting-will open its portals on
. Monday":, January 15, when a  great
rush is expected.   ■*      ■ ■ "*7, .
,   The, monthly, tea*  of■' the Ladles'
■•Guild of Christ Church will be held at
'the home bf Mrs. H.'McLean, on Wednesday,' 10th inst.', at 3.30.
Are you a student? If so, a knowledge, ot stenography will be of inestimable assistance.. * For * particulars
apply, Fernie Academy of Stenography
and Typewriting.    See Advt.
,   '       ■    *®
'The installation of officers of Mt.
Fernie Lodge No. 47, I. O. O. F., will
take place on Wednesday evening
next. A good attendance is requested.
Ham and eggs *■ and a water mellon.
THE;.LATE,.OEORQE. MILL*
Much sympathy is expressed on all
•Idea fprfth«^ relatives of the :lato
Georgo Milla -who dledof heart diabase
in Lo^brMDJe Hospital on New-Yeart
Day.'J aged i\7{ **.***■ The "deceased Ms a
resldent^f Newville"; Glenn, co.'jCal.,
where he was running an hotel. Previous to that. (2 years ago) he Was"a
quartz miner and -was.delegate to the
Western Federation of Miners' Convention-of -which* he was board" member, held at Denver some four years
ago." , ,Two months ^ago he came Jo
Fernie on a visit to his'brother, Wm.
Mills, and.his sister, Mrs. S." Jennings'/
accompanied by his.young4sbn who
Js at present stopping with his'uncle,
Wm. Mills. "He Is-.survived by his
wife and:two children, daughter and
son." •■'''. '     '
His body was brought to Fernie
from Lethbridge, and was,interred in
the local cemeteryon'Thursday afternoon. The services were held" in
Knox-Presbyte'rian Methodist Church,
and tbe undertakers were Thompson
and Morrison. , '
W*-^a»»**]^
>*V* (* I*" "**n
>'&&y*;
■S.VJ-";
wtmems
\-yy-
V "-*"-By.*-Caaual Contributor//: "7  Ithemaoiv-aiJin^a'end into*economic
■- r,* .-*"-• v-- **•■-,   - - --.,,- - ,-" --'     [, -*:''."-,■-;-:, J-:, y v*^--.T-*'fv.,-,-*.. ...-
-*In. most -communities rw« , find   a -questions. ,v-vThe power;and Influence'
the,sincerity1 of/;those who advocate
FERNIE FIRES
FERNIE ENJOYS
MERRY NEW YEAR
Dog Races and Curling Contests Fea
tures of Day's Fun—President's
Rinks-Winners   •
The new year was ushered In -with
more than usual zest by the people of
Fernie. - One, of the chief sources of
Jollty was'the dog races, an exercise
made popular with the boya by,Tom
Whelan, who for several winters haa
been the leading Bplrit in keeping this
sport alive.- There were scores of
dogs and sleds in the races brought
out by the long list of prizes offered
foy,the merchants and others to stimulate the fun. "There were 10 prizes
and from' three to five heats had to
be run In each event so that it was
"dark before tho last ,h«at was finished.'
There were from two to half a' dozen
dog fights In; each race^biit- the drivers came, out r of %1each;'m*"x:up^ and
ready to run again.     .'*„,,   """", ■'
While the boys were racing with
their dogs the curlers were -'whooping
it up at a'fast pace in- the big rink,
the olcal curlers divided Into 14 rinks,
■seven' with,the president and? seven
«with the vice-presidents. A" series." of
seven games was "played and' the presidents links won out by at total score
of 70 to 67, although'the" vice-presJ..
dents team won five games- out of the
■even frayed. It was a roaring game
all through and the victors ate oysters
"'at tbe expense of .the vanquished at
the Northern Hotel the same night.
The score: President La we 7, G.
F. Johnson 11; James Miller 6,' Rev.
H. Grant 10; C. E. Lyons 18, J""). C.
Olson 5;. James Johnson 12; M. A,
*Kasiner,-13; H. J. Johnson 13, Rev.-'W.
M. Walton 0; S. Herchmer 8; H.
Brown 11; A. C. Llpbardt 8; G. g! Henderson 11.
' The evening was'also mado merry
by a grand baU'glvon by thoMazzI-
rioblc orchestra In Victoria Hall, which
lasted' into the day aftor now year's.'
The hall was crowded and all seemed,
to mako the best of tho merry times.
The New" Year was- ushered ln by
two false'alarms at the Fire Hall. The
first came in immediately after midnight on the New Tear and the second
one an-hour or two later. The cui
prit, or culprits, who plays . these
pranks/must be, a maniac, and woe
betide him if he ever gets, caught.' -.
On Friday morning at 1.15 an alarm
Vas turned iri from box 34 and a**few
minutes later the b:f-*;ade waa hard
at work trying to check the fire' which
originated at Cody's stable on.McPher-
son Avenue, close to the G. N. R;
tracks. The fire had, however, got
such a strong hold that-it was past-
redemption, and the attention of the,
fir-- fighters.was centered-ori checking It. In this th.ey were successful:
As they were'getting ready^to return
tb their quarters the,fire alarm was
onco more heard, and this time from
the station* itself. -. Upon immediate
investigation it was round that Brace's
Hall and Gill's Boarding Hoilse were in
flames. . Both these properties belong
to-W.„Gv Bruce.-,* The three lines of
hose were turned on, and although the
"ffres were"checked" "both"'plaoe^'are
a- total -wreck. Upon enquiry we are
informed by Wm. Bruce that they were
not'completely -covered. by- insurance.
During the absence of, Fire -Chief
McDougal, Fireman Wilkes ia acting
Itf hi»* stead.      i,..'•";--..'.- v-     7  7,,
but-.tho,*.theory changes the .relative
COAL, EXPORTED.
IN-PA-IT YEAR
Total Valuaof Fuel .Through Fernie
■<■' Wm Over six Htimirod Thousand *
•i.:
Dollars
Cot * Denis'on reports that tbe total
value'6f coal exported during'they-ear
Just-cloded amounts to $602,584.76. * ■ -
- Since the resumption ot work at the
mines since the strlko. reports • haye
amounted to 1133,120.78. -
' During 1910 the exports amounted to
12,332,865...the decrease for the last
year being $1,730,280.24.,!..7-1'  -    -
These figures - coyer all shipments
from the Pass mlnos* which clear
through the Fornlo offlco. ' • *■■•
Solicits the support of the citizens
of Fernie at the forthcoming civic
election.'   Equal rights, to- all and .
, \justice to the minority.       ,.;■
Only MINER in the Field
\
f l   , it i •
Oj>j>osed to Paid Aldermen
social;reforms, but ,n*.-*.k<» bold.ft-f say
abou tho'evils sought to be eradicated.'
ami find means to soivesthem. it'-l«j
necessary, to ,kno**r- the history - „and
course 'of, development which bring
about the evils sought to be eradicated
We also venture to assert'that these
well-meaning Individuals do riot know
the basic reasons causing these evils,
or if thoy did, would read aright the
lessons of 'the' past and realize the
folly of palliative means.« The .history'
of remedial legislation Is by no means
a happy.-one, in spite ol the.test efforts of enthusiastic and well-meaning
mon and women.,
/ In order to cure any disease common
sense ^ dictates the removal of the
cause.' In dealing with' the ' typhoid
epidemic which-prevailed in this city
some 'time - ago It would have' been
the height of folly for the city officials
tb have started erecting all,kindsr"of
hospitals. TheXmedical^men showed
tbat the water supply, waa-the cause
ot the trouble, and that the authorities
d«allng..wlth this-matter in a practical
mariner by attending tothe cause had
been -. sufficiently, vindicated to,. need
furthei elaboration. The methods ad-;
opf«d in dealing with such -"problems'
naturally"., present themselves, in "different waya to .various individuals, but
"still the fact-is that the cause Is tho,
factor upon which,all investigation,of
effects muat.be approached, and.to
patch up", the effects still leaves the
cause;-and the problem still with us,
although perhaps in another aspect.
-1 do not jUBt know what the moral
reform candidates in this city propose
to do "if elected tb-office, but If-they
honestly propose to" remove the cause
of the evils then all thinking men and
women." should bo ,wlth theni.*, To do
this,'however, they-would be Social-
iatlc,.and we do-not, think they wish
to be classed,, amongst the adherents
of.,this, "pernicious doctrine."
•vl'.qubto^ below ,the • essence* of "the
materlallsjtlc-conception bf history, the
error, of 'which I kindly ask any' social- reformer to point* out, and I have
no doubt, that the District Ledger will
Siv-sih!s4©r-^her*CQmmufi!catiQn—full
publlctty.-y'  ■■'• -.*.*-'
4<-"The'theory of modern historic materialism la that the. mode arid manner
of 'provlding-the means of "subsistence'
food, shelter, clothing, and so forth—
In'othor w'brds, Ihe mode'of production
—W the" directive force ln creating arid
shaping-'socfaf Institutions. -''Great as
the influence of nature is ori primitive man, yet In the course of civilisation, social -Influence gradually grew
to greater weight and importance, and
man -is- much more actuated by mo-
Itves ot BOPlotv'than of naturo.'- At
tl.e'enme tlmo subsistence, nlwayi,re%
malnbd a matter of prime necessity.'
But the manner of subsistence changed, ,nnd .tho economic structure of society bocomo tho substructure upon
which all. human Institutions, moral
or physical,* woro .built. .All moral,,
political *. or social questions "resolve
o7-,..
posi*lion.|sof^'conditions \arid .ideas";as"
^6* their, being 'prfmarily'Vause' and ef-*
*»-*'■-' it,maintajns. that* In! the" .order.
* "■fr'H^yyi. i.
-   ;i   .« "'"-.;.'•^*K'''.TrS^cy^jvi*'-2*iL!r
■^^*2^^--.-:-^,-'-.1,, i-,^, • i-K-5 - .-^   --,*-c-jl.^-'^--i>.vy-. f ,.;«r.--^,- .' ^,^.J »^f
~- iV»   f-^i.f>
?*,f.J
tetp
ot things, cohcrete'-matter existed prior
io tho"abstract*idea,*. and that nothwith-
standing the- force" of.. moral ^ ideas;'
there' is a^for'ce of economic" development in society.>wor"Bjlng independent
of moral ideas, arid creating conditions
the Influence -of - which is:;.strong
enough. to Nalter," create - and * destroy
moral-ideas.'?-"   H-*   v^-"1   "■,'"•''-
.By'.quotlng'thfe-above Twlsh to throw
myself N open to the enlightenment of
those who /claim that the'-" economic
basis of .society Is not the \ essential
factor-underlying the actions* of men
as "I contend.V' 'If'rour * social , reformers will not recognize this, surely
itols up to them to explode this,fallacy
(?), which is dally gaining ground
amongst those who are devoting their
attention to social problems," especially
in, the ranks of the'working-class
movement- all' over- the - world. v '
 .,\   .,.''. ^- - ,      -       - ,       ,   .
,. Whether ,br riot any adherent of the
riibral- reform- party will "endeavor ,to
snow us bur folly, we wbiildpartlcu-
Irly aubmitthl's. fact "for f the consideration, of the wprkers/jand by the workers" wemea* "both mental and manual
laborers. "/"-"Those, who "a+e so interest-
ea' iri .morals are ..evidently desirous
of making you beiter.cltlzenB by re-
movirig 7 the •Vila" that fnterfera with
your'thinking on' "higher things.',', Now.
the members of the working class who
will give the'matter a little consideration cannot but,Idm.lt that we have
to* deal "with /evils"; that hamper bur
progress".-'VStlli'the reasons for these
©Vila should not be so difficult Jo' discern if orily7ybu really wish ^ to see.;
The studying of social, problems can',
do no harm, and as a -matter of fact
we think.it ia'imbst essential to the
workers that they give more attention
to' eliminating the1 causes of bur .present evils".' ;„ If.'only the "wall^of'the
moral reformers does but. get you'to
do a little-thinking and "studying-on
your account they are accomplishing a
certain amount of good. < However, the
greatest*"^trouble ^ls that* we . are" so
liable to let "others do our thinking for
us.^yCJntU^thsiworkers'.thetSselves get-
busy there la no use Imagining that
conditions" are'going to be alleviated
to -any, •gw»t|(wt'5nCo *- >\ *-v,*i *'■ ,7'
'«In1*cbricluslbn'l"would'ast''yoti" to
consider the'-'attitriye taken by1' the
greatest refbrni 'eleifient In' the'lani—
the Chufeh-^diiring -ftie strike* throughout; this*•'district:""*'- '-'Can you conscientiously convince-yourself that any acknowledged !rep'reB©ntatlve'. of -th«
Church came'out; In any determined
mariner ori behalf'6f the miners T If
not," is it.not only:too evident aB tb
the'class-ethics"'they- represent, and
whilst I - do .not wish to cast reflection upon any, Individuals, knowing as
Wdo the. compelling force of* tho
"bread ('and butter-"'''question, Btlll I
think that It Is about time the workers
realized that what-reform they need
must,bo done by,themselves, and tho
sooner, tho bettor. '■   .
' In Bavaria wpmei^wprk^on the" railroad as" sectlbn\"naiftdsy *7>''J*'f^'''
"    -\      ,' -vv;'•.-•-'""*vvv,  ;;/"-*.v',;,**'»■-••.-:'
. The profits of \the. urilpff ;co^>pera^
tiye bakery. "atjSan"l.Jose,«!.C^
are about $2,o66'ia'mbnth-V'-,,;; C7-7
'^-.>~, ..ui-     ..-V..'   -j'-      -*..*^.>j
It wouldn't bo a bad'.Idea for- tho
workers , of -BrltlshjColumbiaUp; get
registered and'be:'re"ady- for;"ari."elec-
tion.-..-    ' .,- y^.- r.. .'-■?,■»••.'"'■-,• '»(*.■
...  .*• •7*-v*,7 %.*;■ ;,>y7:
.1 It is claimed-that .President-John-
P. White, of-thai Mlne7Workei*s,. has
heen* re-elected  by* Bome,-60,00u-inr-
Jorlty ovor hia "nnjonuut, T.' L -Lowi*-.
Semi-official services are tothe;ef-
fect that seventeen locals of the United Mine Workers of America have
been recently^organlzed on-Vancouver
Island. - '      '-"       y ;
-.*''"      *,;•'**        ..-''.
InGraz, Germany, the Socialists
Increased their numbers in-the city
council from seven to ten." All parties combined against the, Socialists;
but lost ground,   v ,       *   *
"    7»   *   *    .. (.
The British' Columbia 'Federationist,
the official * paper of^ the "Vancouver,
Trades arid Labor Council, haB been
enlarged to eight pages. ' It "^intended to convert it" fom a semi-monthly
te a weekly In" the near future. •   */-
-t. ."'•;. -■'« v-'»''-'*» '■ ..' '-.v .! t
• ,,.. - - * ■ *" ■ ■ • . -■:
According to Mr.-'A. F.OMantle', Deputy Minister of Agriculture tor Saska-
tchewari,1'25,000,000 bushels of grain
remain* urithreshed in that province.
Much of the threshing, he said will'be
held up pending the abating of the"
car shortage. ■ ' y
i ''   **'    * -.i ' t- •-, i     ' "
'•' x *'•-.-'■•■•■•      ,       .   v.   -      " '   '"
"* The Socialists in the German principality "of • Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
elected eleven" out of the ^venteen
members*of-the Landtag (state legislature) ,'' which gives them an ' absolute, majority .of four. 'The- Liberals
have four and the Conservatives" throo
members.'-*-,* •' -, ^ ; • •*  ::y'^ y.
",'-■, "'" '•   i*1 *   ■- -.",'7i>"1"
} We are apprised "from Sofia, Bulgaria;' that; Rabotnitscheski VJestnik,;
a Socialist bi-weekly paper,. has; been
converted-into, a', daily.y.Over 18,000
copies. of the ..first issue ■ were 7;soId,
But Just*imagine the news.kids getting , to * that ■ lingo,- whlch^requlres-s-at
least, two, Bneezes, to- pronounoei-. „>.v
^■7l.i.y-'   ',* '•-.»•:' •• 77*...--*'.-V' . ""•...,•..
rssr
To the Electors of the City of Fernie:
At the request of a rge number of friends I
have consented to allow my nametogo in nomination
for the office of fflA YOR of the City of Fernie for the
coming year, I respectfully solicit your suffrages and
influence in mv behalf, ff elected J shall do all in mv
jtnwer to advance the InffiYCxts nftfte city in evpyy waf.
,    HOCKEY . ;.
Fernie vs. Prank, and Blairmore '
.Fornlo. Seniors playorl two ijnmcs
on New Year's Day.. At Frank at 11
a.m. nnd Blairmoro,In tho nftornoon,
The Frnnk' gnma resulted In a tlo, 7
all; whllo nt Blairmoro Fernio won by
7 'o, 4, Fornlo llno-up—ForajURon,
goi'i: MoTrtyro, point; Wallace, r.ovor;
Gnrdlnor, rovor; Dimlop. coniro: Dubois, loft wing; Borland, right w'iy*g:
DulMo spare,
Plncher vs. Fernie
Tlio first homo gamo of tho nonson
bolwoon Plncher Intormodlntos nnd
1'Vrnlc Inlormcdlnt.es took plnco In tho
Kornlo Rink on Thursday, Jnn. 4th,
nt 8 p.m. Tho gnmo wns n good ono
slmis-hlii woro too slronn for the
throughout, but tho vlsltlnu; tonm's on-
lomls. ond nltlionpli thoy put up a
hnrd fklit, woro ilofontod by n to 4.
NEW AT1MORY FOR FERNIE
Plnns nnd speoiricnltonn, wb undor-
rtend, nro now hero for the now armory building for which $12,000 hns alrondy lw*>n appropriated by tho ln«o
BOON TO WORKING MEN '
German Cities Build Summer^ Houses
on Vacant'Land
A sarcastic foreigner onco romarkod
that tho only colonics of any uso to
Gorraany wore bor "Lauboh" (arbor
colonies). Thesj(\,aro collections of
nu mm or hon ecu with a fow square foot
of lnnd nttnehedto them, to bb found
on tbo outsklrtn.of practically all largo
Oormnn towns. Taken singly,onch
oriinll hut rbmlndp ono of tho' summer
houses run up in'Airiorlcari or Ehg-
llah gnrdbna, by tho" wholly unskilled
hou«eholdcr In IiIb'leisure moments,
whllo all top-other thoy glvo tho an-
pnnrnnro of a vast gvpsy onenmpmont.
Tn truth thoy nro nn enormous nnd
Mi-hlv, prlTiod' boon to tho working
class of tho cltlo* nnd towns.- Horo
llio woi'lter nnd" his family spondd tho
tho week-end nlmoRt tho,wholo yonr
around; the nrono on Bunilnvn when
thousands of Httld'stroamcrswnvo In
tlio wind and ovory tlnv arbor hns its
group of marry Inhabitants presents
thn npp^nrnnro of n country fnlr or
monstor excursion,"^ full swlnir, whllo
during the workday week the llttlo
govornmo'nt, nnd which will bo supplo- summer Iioubos stand silent and dei-
menlod furtlior by tho prosont povcrn- ioutod,, Tho rolonlos nro of nfransl-
mont,'for the purposo of bringing to tory kind, forthnvnro Invariably hnllt
compjetlon ns soon   nn   poshIWo  \r'o on vnonnt bulldlnir lots whloh ftr«-only
biilldlnrr which Is to bo orootod upon wnltlnir to.ho sold for tho contractor to |es to hurl hotshot nt elan prlvllogo
n Rlto on Victoria Avomio. opposite como nlonn: nnd turn thorn Into atwots i nnd rnelnl projudleos on hln leeturo
-7'' Present indications are that the
second annual convention of tho ^.C.
Federatlon^of-Labor-will.be attended
by; more .than, one hundred, delegates
from i every portion of i the province^
The provincial house opena on Jaqi 11'
the iconventlon on the;*2nd.* u The-executive board conyenes-at'^VIctorla. on
Jan.-19th.j7    ,„-■' , *' ;,  . v-. 7.
A radical demand comes from the
Denver. < central ■ body, of Organized
Labor. <The Trades and labor-Assembly, of Denver has unanimously
•endorsed a resolution asking the legislature to; placo' the -coal mines of the
state in operation undor state, management and to. sell tbV'output to tho
people,at cost.  » ',.,.' ,-    ■%,-.
• •   •  ,
News from, Chicago soys that fearing
a gigantic strike of bituminous coal
miners of tho country will bo called on
April 1st noxt, unless the old: Joint Interstate flgroonicnt ia le-tiBinhUnhod'
coal opoators and minors' official*
havo hold a meeting for tho purpose
of taking steps to avoid acontost between tho coal .operators • and tho
minors. *.
• •••'.;•
. Itev. Goorgo Candoo,' of Toledo, who
Is allvo to' the situation says': "The
Cliurch has boon organising,- nnd organizing, and organizing ItRolf Info
hundreds arid hundreds of'brgan'Kn-
tlons, but It still tsooks tho tptriporn!
ways of tho crookod world and haB
not yot commoncod Its work of build.
Inn up God's Kingdom of co-oporatlvo
brotherhood on earth. When it learns
,to cut Itsolf loose from Its dependence
upon groat robbers of* God'n earth
and of the hlro of tho 'oborors 'kept
buck by fraud,' nnd allies Itsolf to nnd
co-operates with tho disinherited multitudes to bring In the co-oporatlvo
commonwealth IT will havo commenced. Its appointed work. Then It
will roorganleo Itsolf Into an offoctlvo
working forco.    And will multiply l'»
ircmbonhlp a* In tho, cmly days,
Thon will nil Its temporal as will i,s
spiritual wanti ho supplied."
• •   •
'!',    "M I I   I I | I    l|  I     I        .
^£^y^^\fM£yy^S± 'y Ssys^ry{y^f0<$y^y77S;
,--^^'-^>ii-".'7ii?*t7-l .V-■..'—•-■*;.•■■ -- .V*.
-- .j ..i;v- "v.*
7-7?k-
■ »;,■-« -."<- *s ^-Ai^^i'." lt«^-*:^->*-''.-*-''-J**'"-"»V..,--^-.>.- ,-/■ 3-..-J*' ***< ? ' -.?HT;V"*»i*?--
'-i :.■•■'>■--■ V >.-  ■--•-';ri   *-   ^-'..-'-,''- ---.C.-,-\   *• <•:"'-.•«!«'..--.   ■'.-=.-':,,     ;.'■■>..•.
=. -«.."S*^.-.-.*;!.-, . s* •-.; .*..-,5,s, „>,-^   .j., „■> .'„j;Aj-.,'i;»".'..\ *    .-,..--_,
*   «  -.*..     ,-- ...>,f ---.. -v. --,,.-, t^-V-, '-}.,. i r. .'*:-*. - r„-,- -.7". *   "■ t4'--'
"*. C- ■M«^»i«BM«ii™iMM«»Mi^WB»   T Fl M-*r.mmmmxmnm*mmmmam^mmmm^m*.-
.- ... 7'**y;^yyy y7.yyy --'y ^^v^'t-'^ys'y"-'-* ■-■   * *-■Ss-..
',,,.*■;**   *■    '—-*■-■-  -   -.*■»-■ ,s"\*  ,->■-  ■"-■;V,-)-i-..-i-.   ■«V-p-4-,,-' J«- --,.-■->-.-'. I   '   i-- "l
,v ;, tj ,, r.*f »;v^;;u- ■- ^"fJVS.' ?■ •    '■•••.-  E-JLl"*.-!  "_   -' *--?    '■    *,. -.*.-', *«'■ **< Si
*.-" •"'I
Rov. It. J. Campbell, pastor of tho
Olty Tomplo in London, TUng., cbntlnu-
♦ li/*    H-fift***     Tt»rtH      f-Mi-n ftn*--*    t-si t M <11 «*i m>
I Th* hniu<Ti\»«nt nf thr. nrmory In to
lho of droRMil RnndHtono from tho
j Monarch qunrrles, and lho sunorRtrur.
ituro will bo of brick with elaborate
I*"
A! "»■
Your Vote and Influence
W. W. Brown
 lj_«.    " . ■ ir
TT/^4-   AT TM3DMAM
nfl-on the W-MnrnVtrx" *rt>* hMnf W In Plvmouih C^o-ifrrenMIonfil Chnrrh,
nn n wholo to the hlnhost hlddor nnd 'nov. Cnmpbcll snld:' "What Is thU
by tho lntter bolna: rented In parcels now InternallonnllsmT Nothing moro
to tho working-Rlnsfei. Tf thoro Is thnn soolnllim. iifloclnllimls tho do-
■tone trimmings.  Tho dimensions n>-a n drnwhncit to'thomlt fa thnt In the mand of the workers for more llfo, for
tn *ho fnrtv *hv *»*Iirhty foof) w|ln |w*j   (Sn n<h«nrfi/> pf *i>itj*viUf« l^«■v nffn-'rt n   n-wti nlr, *^>* f.'n»<«J'":«« &*;!•?;  *<»««
aiorlca abovo tho basoment. hiding plnco and   h^iidquartora'' for ty, lovo and Joy.  Socialism gives con-
,A shooting gallery will1 bo located thlovos nnd fiiRltlvos from Jn»llc«j, Tr-n crate expression to tuOK) aiplratloni.
In the* hnsomont nnd assembly   nnd erpnni-lon of ThirJI'n la rapidly pushing Socialism thrills yonth and manhood
tli 11) ball abovo. tho cnlonlos further; nnd further out. wltb this now Internationalism and pro
nidi nro to b» In upbn this work bv hut their vnluo m n bVirtonlo f«ctor. In *. duces fi fervor «von moro Intense thnn
tho 84th Instnnt, and tho work will lio city llfo Is so grunt that ft society has j was tho church «w able to prodnoo.
BtnrtoA ns aoon ns wonthor conditions ho-fn foumVd with n vlow to th^Ir per-
will permit after contract ''ft* h*»*n mnnentprosoryailon,
Awarded. This will hn iiilf* nn nil-'l-
t'on te the public bulldlnm of (Im
town and will cost «om* forty thuu-
■iir dflton.:''      .  77
\     t  .    ' V",- '     ■-■• '" - '
Mi hotkey match on Tottday night; Have you wade yonr timal N«w
«»t out and,boost lor ttMi Benlors; a Y*nr r**(inlnHon**'? Tf ro hpr n rood,
good gima for only 36o. SZ* gtout rop<y RB(| ^9 0B t8 •««,.-
nou8RHotiT>  FnrtNt'hmTS-'i'or
R"^.    Apply, Mrs. Howard Marshall,
"OMfon Av«nu«.
ThlR new Internationalism—Socialism
—la the common Ideal of a common
p*«ple:- It Is oowln«.r Hothlrif can
•top It, The fioeUl, revolution li on
Its wa>. You bad Wtor tet mdf."
Itov. Camphnll Is bolng. rPM-torf ,l»f
larro audlenoes nearly evarywber*. d**>
•pile tho «frorta of tbo old foaslt class
of pious, person*, to kwj) tho peoplf
fnm hearing htm.
.-■^..-v-ii T
,   ,At $1.§0 House-Wrappers at ,$1.00,'made4romvy;y: .
"■» - „ *       7"     * "-"/■•;'"n '7--•■'''-'-.-"'* ■.';*.,'""'.    77-7.7
.,    gooil'quality wrapperette-of Seleeted patterns;,a --:-'
*'':,'■     ' ■ »• .. -.* .',      --, -.*•-'•/. -V-- i"? -,.— i-7 "*. 7; %
S s .'-'specially full .cut garment.     Colors:-.Navy,\Car-    yy"-
o i -.';■""*"     •"   v "' *...""-■   -t  -'-*''",-''!'.
."'dinal, Greys and Shepherd's Checks. * Size, 34 to,    y,3
• °; 44,bust.*! ^Regular $1.60'.value,'* on-'sale' nW, at     '7:
"•  $100 „.'/-■"".''; .J  ' •! ,'',*T/y..V":" "": v;^;'
••"•" V"' -/'~\ "/ .? ■■ 'i >y':S"':t>y'*''■'?! ' ,\',7-^-
y   At $1.25, "our regular $1.90 quality House Wrapr y .  '
per,1 made from extra heavy -wrapperette, in aAig ,  y">
variety ,of designs and colorings.'- In alHizesup,,."'"S'
s    to 44 bust. ,-;**-> •-    ■   '...   "-,''"-"*'   7'7-''T'    '•''',-*•'-.''"-,-7-
:-*-.!»l
-•»■
-.*'-■.'->•■ ■>' ,v"    ■,
.<'■ y "•, ■-* **
18   '- i\" ' , '   V. "• I
yS;'^     At $1.25, Black Sateen "Wrappers,* regular'$2!00
-\ 7-7quality.7:i.„. '     .    '-7';'•
..-.--v„ V-i;v*.. "-'.;.r,"v >-*'sv'A	
$tW Tho OmUat Oolf.Ooat Offor-PureTN^ol
"< '•. ■'!.:"•  '.-■*,  7, ../:,   '-'--"    . ..-   ,'.;.   #  ..*"'   '-■-■*-„-•';   7
T.   7 ^Knitted, Norfolk 'Jackets, .extra herry;.-.: Colors:
-y t; "Navy and Cardinal.'•* Sises, 34 to 407   An ideal;
-";   -garment fpYschool-girlsi -;   ,   . ''7
i*-"'';r .,'■ -'■ "-'*:'* ':<K•\/--.*"" '•*   ,*_ '   ,"7"-''"      •'
?, 'Z fa Our .Spocial KnitU4' Skirt'' at.. $1.«3.—Fancy
\S:~ * stripes and self colors. ■        „-•   '.'"-* •■-., •'<'}'\ .,
rk
- •*-.
7 \
DON'T OVIBLOOK OUK QEOCl»Y IP801ALS
•>
FOE   I4TDXDAT
> ^   •f.<*^4> ■«•,     ,'*IT1 *H
•-. Wo bog to announce that for
tho present we aro remoylngjbur i}
stock from the Victoria Avenue
premises to tho ,bld\stand on .
Pollattj Avenrie, and'thiro hope-7.;
to;m,e«ttall'our,louBiom«N. 7y
[By a strict adheWnce to busl7 :
ness.we trust to merit a contlnu- J
anco of your vaiu«d7 patronage.
A COMPLETE LINE ON 3ALE
AT   A. A.   MoBEAN'ft STORE
Fernie Home Bakery
'• Telephone'180"''•'■- • ■ ■><
twt.iaaTOBE'.POR RENT.7,. *,w" ■„
*  V -'       ». -       ,,'**.*...',-..
Flnest'bnllolng between -Lethb.;Idgo ;    i
and fornlo; locate* at'Hillcrest;'Alta.;      P
tho proporty of Local X058.    Bulfdias    . '1
80<v..r4S3;';wlth^,<cbBorttk';'foundailoa;\I,  j v!
basement.-'io.x IS.ifA'ewh store pre- '
ferrod.    Thl» Is a/'sjlw^ld opportual-
ty.for aiy,I ont.', vJEho coal eorapaay
hor* are now.sitting a big sua on
d*9y»lopm*nt work.' *    '""
< "• Full particulars' from tho Moratary; ^.
JOHN TAYLOR,
■ °/,~i'.y'':.: '■/ **"".   'Wocoirdlng-'aoey, *'*
Jrllticrost,-Aluv:   7. 7; ■,?;-■■
FERNIE
Cigar Store
 . > '*
Lunch
' i 1 ,
Counter
Js Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very
Inviting
Just the place after, the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
Proprietor
Here it is, Waiting for I)
7WANTBD-Cllirr for general bouis*
work.    Apply, Mrs. Frod Johnson. '
' POUND-Whito Dull TorrUr. Dy,
payment for/ this-ad.Vand .applying
to Wm. Cole, Annex, owner can r«-
cbvor the animal; othcrwlat, unless
claimed "within four weeks will be
kept .by finder. '/,       •   .■*" . n.p.
* •'
TO UBNT—(Furnished) 1 or 2 rooms
and kltchon; bath and electric light;'
Victoria Avenue, two blocks north of
school.    Apply Lodger offlco.  3tp.
L. E. McDonald
' HbRtBSHdllNQ'
;'  QENERAL   (9U0KSMITHINQ
' i   7    Mi ' '
'   OARRIAOfl BUILDING     '
-  *'      ' ■"**  .,-«.'     "
Express and.Dellvary Wagona a
.*'' tpsetallty  •    '    ''  •
WANTED—Housekoepor for work*
Ingmnm widower with two children.
Apply, P. O. Do-*, 102, City.,
■"■"""■  " *"m,m         "■■" "••»  !■•»
FOR RENT—Eight-roomed modern
House on Macphorson Avenue, 820 per
month,    Apply, Croe and Moftatt,
.FOR BALE—Subject to short lesno^
Houio^nnd Lot corner, Rlverbnnk Avo,
and Prior Btroot. Apply to I* P. IDek-
stein.
LOST, BTOLBN, or BTRAYIDD, ono
podlgroo Alrdalo Hitch. Any Information loading to the recovery of
samo will be -appreciated by W, Par-
Hell, West Fernie.
TIB TIMBER'FOR SALBJ-Apply W.
W. Parnell, Fernie, B.C.
' TO RlDNT-^-Two-roomed J'lnuered
House, with coal-houM.-iollot and
wnter,, Apply, R. Wright, West
iKrate.   . i«.jt
TO nENT—Concrete block House;
87 rooms, ' Apply Wro. Mlnton.Llnd-
«ay Avo,, Annoy.
Electric IfteAtorer for Men
via uai viuU*****. WtaiiundMiv *m •II*m«mj
wukatu ■•-mim >i met. > ni»pt»iM via
•htJu you iiwmii.. Ptk* Mt t»t.«*l4-H U*
**,   Ui^dl^MJtfclWll**   ftethMAHUttvtiil
For M» at IImsoWs Drtff ttoro
^
, 8IIACK,—Apply Wm. Mlnton, Wnd*
say Ate., Annex.
FOR BALE-rHouse on Lot 0, Block
88, Annoi. Apply, It, Rorner, Dor
37> Nantlmo, a C., or 488, Fornlo.
■ ■iwiwiwi-iiiii ■ min.i n  1   !,>„„
OF INTEREST'TO ,PARErlTS.*-A
compute coorso'ln Pltinan's Short*
baad*a»4 Tone* 8y*tem of Trp-sw-lt-
lng, by UrtiW* premier 8tenogr«pher.
A Mlo«t class sow la proeoss of for*
mtloa. ...For toms, ote, apply to Wm.
ft. Pearson, l^t>1fe Stenographer, Box,
188, Feralo, B.O,
h

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