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The District Ledger May 25, 1912

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.TlffliPIgTEIOT^^^^BEHvFEE^,  B. C., MAY 25,1912.
9i.ee A Y3AB.
Rev. Father' Donnelly's
_ Meeting on Monday
a! the Grand
v -At 8.30 p.m7on,Moncljy night;-May
20th, Mr, A. I.-Fisher;' chnlrman for the
\   Occasion,* Introduced the speaker; who
^■then proceeded to enlighten the small
.^audience present* onv the question,of
i A the day—Socialism?*   ■ ".
.* . -      ,.  i...   -    ..i • -    '     - , ->"
7   ., Father Donnelly introduced-himself
'   .as one of* the few practical Socialists
.-   in Canada,-basing his claims,on not
;„ being either a capitalist"oryyage^arn-
**, 6r,- and explaining that -.he labored
•_•  v. lth "his brainsjvtongue- and pen for
7. /the uplift'of humanity, y It is now'
-. generally? recognized by .all- practical
7  chinl.-h.g men-tiiat'labbr?power appli-
,.' . ed  t i' the"'-? r.» tural, resource's "creates
V all* wealth, pud from what-source the
«  ,"R«v- Father" "derived. his? means -pf
;    yA^ subsistence by only applying hislabo**.
I**.  •' /"v power to "the uplifting of human It v'
A ■'' ?*• he did riot say.  . Perhaps his explana-
7 .. tlon-of "use, value"■ serves his?pur-
*' / ..'pose, and'we will deal'with this laiter.
A|*'     He "had worked "amongst all classes
-.for the"past twenty.-years, and ad-
;v mltted the ..question of Socialism was
'• y   a serious "one, but\,was nothing new.
7 * "Aristotle,'the'great Greek philosopher,
' ..'   had the Socialist program in his head
7   ; 2600 years a'go, but did not mention
that this great thinker also" figured
-«""* that- the" machine'was going* to -be
■ .-the; servant of ■ the"? workers Instead of
' '• __ aE we'find today the workers are the
,''   „■ slaves* of ithe'machine.'* -."There-.are
"   ,<* earnest men, very'earnest men,"who
7';'., are Socialists.'., ./.They? are7thoVonly'
,/':    cracy.*    The old political parties fool
A*' "vth'e laboring men,,but"the.ohly< thing he.
- . 7 could/f Ind * fault with'was-.that the
.   '^'Socialists were going aboutjthe thing.
■'.'v the' wrong'"way, and -lie did not'think
r»-., .thelrf-methods^ould-'bear^ inspection.
- A"."* Tho "spealter-then commenced deal-
L' " / ing" with -some fit the prophetic utter-
' •,,?,nnces,of those? who were" considered
A7   Socialists and the Idea-that the work-
.", ers,wer?. going to ho waited,bn hand
and foot, but by whom they could not
,    , explain'.    Of course, it was .only' too
■ ^    evident, that-under present conditions
P -     lt 'was the, working; class who .were'
■,     doing those' splendidly", Ideal services
"' for thc master class; ,who presumab'/
! , represent the usqful factor In society.'
"    ;, Howovor, nB the' speaker remiirkod.
you' cannbt argue with h prophet, and
',  i    he ir.li?l.l havo added; tho Bal-^B ".u
y7   'llio same category. ',
The quoBtlon of exaggeration from
both bUIob to this groat question was
'   -    then  touched  upon,  and  continuing
tho reverend father tackjod thoso well-
worn and almoBt threadbare oxcurob
for povorty—wnnt of thrift and Intom-
' i'   pcarancb.' Oh, yoij 'grossly extrava-
g'Uit workers with your champasno
BupporB, mnBquorado dancos, continental tours and,othor luxuries in which
/ yon Indulgo on fifteen shifts a month!
A;  Tnlco n loaf from tbo noto book of
your mnstors, a most eommondnblo
' nggrogatlon ofvthrlfty nnd  tompornto
1    mon who nro well plonsod with tho
blessings of tho rlclios Rhoworod <lo%vn
upon thorn by an ovor watchful   providence.    It you do not bollovo your
poverty and misery nro cauaod by tboso
fnctors statistics cnn bo produced nrid
whnt further proof do you require?
Social roform nhould not bo con-
. fuBo'rt with SoctallBm.    Tho former,
In polltlcnl ocoiiomy, monnfl tho great-
-   or sorvlco for tho grontoflt number. Tho
noclnl reformer bollovoB tho gronlor
fiorvlco Bhould bo nttondod to by tho
Hiunlloi' number nnd not by tho gront-
or number, nnd this Ih w1"
"frlondB  of  lnbor" clash   with   tho
nwnlconlnp. domnnds of tho woykorfl.
Tho noclnl roformor IlkoB tho minimum wngo BOhomo-i-n definite' nmount
undor which tho worker cnn llvo,  A
mnxlmum wago Is nnotlior question,
. but aftor all tlio groat essential for
^tho worker undor capitalism Is thnt
ho shall llvo ns a cnpltallut—Oh, no!----
1 •     -Jnnft Blmplv ni. n comTnon wnrVfi.i»m>.r((
In that poBltlon of llfo ln which It.
haB plonsod God to cnll htm.    Tho
-profit Bhnrlng nohome, Insurance^-
nlnBt vnomploymontnnd old ago pon-
slona, nro nlao bonoflts whloh tho nodal reformer cnn prldo hlmnelf iimn.
but   tho   Soclnllst should Icoop   hie
bonds off tho honors bontowod upo-i
tho worltom by thoao who nro nblo to
control tholr livelihood. '
' Kow wo como to tho flhnttorlng ot
thnt gront Illusion cronlod by. Knrl
Mnrx, that "Lnbor produces nil value*,*
Tho (.oolnllstft hnvo boon deceived on
Ihli. point nnd hnvo overlooked thnt
thoro nro two kinds of vnluo—vnluo In
t>se anl value In exchange. It It not
.omnrJroh.o that Mnrx bhould have n si
niiri.t ct theno twi PBpoetn of value.
To il out wbo with Ui rorroborn .3 thin
ncrloua ovovBtttbt wo rbcoininond the
rending of Mnrx'i 'Capital,' vol. I., and
It? nny of our renders do not happen to
hnvo thli bandy wo will gladly Inform
y 'i
S^t?SA_>y;\.cak' secure copies.-,-.
y For the benefit "of thosa'who are an-'
xiou's "to" know -'what -Marx-has to Bay
on tho subject, -we' quote: "   -.7?
■»• *-   -,   '.-,-,   .» .-.      .. ■ '"- -. -"
. , 7 "y, ' ;Us«'Value'' .7.:'*7,',
',"The utility of a thing "makoB it a
use-value, - This property, of' a\coin-
"modlfy Is independent- of .the .amount
of-labor required* to appropriate Its'
useful qualities.' Use values become'a
reality only by'use* or consumption;
•they'also,constitute the aubstanctsof
ali\realth. ' They are In addition ihe
material depositaries of exchange value." ' 7     ''"'    ', .--iA'* •'*
*; As ,-use7values,* ^comihoditles" are
above all, of different 'qualities,' but
as-exchange "values they, are merely
different quantities,' and consequently
do'not contain an atom of'use value.
Now,-, says our friend. Father Donnelly? it "?is the' use. value* "that determines^ the exchange -value, and some
worker comes along with the result bf
his labor arid-can find no purchaser
for his product,-'and, therefore," laboi;
liaVnot,' produce'd .v'alue^-because It
has failed^'to realize an exchange va-
lue-r-he-'has riot produced „ a social
utility... -However, presuming he has
appeared-before another producer of.
cominodltles of use to' society, and
has himself a socially useful" commodity.' •. rHciw shall 'these, two. decide cu
their exchange value? , Bear, tbis in
mind: * '   - '___   * ;" ,',-. ?   y [ "',' -■
"The7yalld exchang* values of »"
given commodity express something
equal and, generally, Is only the mode
of expression,', the phenomenal form,
of something contained inUt./yet^dis-
tlngulshed from it."    "      ''  .
Exchange -value, at first', sight, presents itself as** a "quantitative relation,*
as the,"preportlon In .which values in
use" of. one ; sort are, exchanged' for
tho'se'pf. another'sorti A'y   , •   "'"
It willrthus be seen that exchnngo
value is based on the^yalue of commodities which "must* be,of social utility,'arid they are'presented in quantitative relation" in/ttie*1 process of-exchange:'.'It is "evident" that'.it is'not
theyquantity 'of ""uses.to"1 ..which a-c'oin-
value.f';'*-What'then constitutes the value .'of a*commodity?"_.'• •".t-''- * ;7
•-. "That which determines the. magnitude of the value 'of'any'article;is'th"e
amount- of iabor. socially.,necessary?
or the labor , time , socially, Necessary for its'productionr''?''''"-'* "" " --
. '.'Commodities,' "therefore,' in which
equal quantities of'labor nr-e embodied
or which can be, produced in tho same
time, have the samo value."AMa'rx,'-
"Capital." yy
It ls unnecessary to continue the an-
aiysis of valuo further asrwo believe
It'is pretty well understood by-many
of our renders who havo not perhaps
hoard the plausible manner in which
"use value'.' and "exchange value" cnn
bo put over such nn intelligent audlonco as wore on hand on this.occas-'
ion. ' The qiiostion of surplus-^value
was quietly passed over. ;,' *
/ > , Causes of Socialism "
\ Tho'causep of SocialiBm wore-then
oxplnlned as being duo to;~ ' 7 ,
"'l. Tho unequal, distribution of
wonlth. ,7,'        ...
.. 2.   Tho fttlractlveness of our pro-
gram. '
3. Tho • BlownosB - of legislation
which has mado the-maBsos tired of
Tho cause of tho slowness of legislation''Ib* tho grbod* of'tho capitalist,
and tho power of tho trust, Tho
spoakor did not show that this chnr-
nctprlstlo of tho capitalist oIhsb Ib a
Bploiidld Instance of economic dotorm-
Inlnm,.  '      ,.       •"  ,y   "
Tho npathy of tho domoornoy wnB
thon donlt with showing how tho
workora had tho votes and how thoy
nlwnys oloctod tho mnn wllh tho bigg-
oat Ilo. This npnthy of tho workers
wns ono of tho .Vio.it difficult things
to boIvo todny. Tho Inborlng man
litis tho majority but ho aqunndorB
nwny Jils ndvnntnRo.
• it
, Economic Determinism
Collectivism nnd Wconomlq Dotorm-
Inlsm, In dlBolissIng ttio question
of iho collective ownership of tho
monnfl of production It npponrod ns
though tho speaker was very nnxloufl
to mnko It npponr nn though tl.o So-
clnllstB advocated tho expropriation ot
nil prlvnto proporty. Tho platform
of tho Soclnllst Pnrty of Cnnndn con-
tal nn this olniiBoi
"Tho trnnBformntlon ns rnpldly nn
V".'-,.."., c; cAriTALWT rnorcR-
TV In tlw< monnn of v/onlth production (nnturnl ronoureoB, fnotorlos,
mills, rnllrondB, olo.) Into tho col-
lootlvo proporty of the worklnir
' olnai."
Thn   pi\yittiyittr\r\    t>f    \h^    "^-""Ifr,
thorcforo, on tho suffering the domocrncy will enduro whon the workors
tnko control of tho Btnto Ib nil moonshine, IIo must surely know whnt
lnrgo proporty' holdings tho working
clnss of nil capitalist ■ countries po«-
BtiBB, nnd tho fact thnt tho vnat majority of tho wngo-enrnerB cnn hnvo
no hopo whntevor of even owning their
own homos l> sufficient .usllflcnUon
of tho stand tbey nro now tnVinjr for
securing control of thoso things whleh
thoy must linvo In ordor to live. The
questions of tho equality of nil men,
and equality of opportunity nro mt
worthy of7 montlon, nnd tt|jDne who
nro snllnriod with tho explanation of
{Continued on paro 4)
*'    r-    '   ,« *\    ;" ",-*
v    *?^———— -.■■.,,'"      -
Debs for PresiriRnt and
Seidel tor Vicc-Pres.
Down Direct Action'
;,„m .lK? MEjMQRiAM
• In memory of-^hosb'v^ho lost
their lives   in 'the   great Coal ■
.Creek Explosion on May 22nd,- j
-''i&ba. A-.*-'* yyy.   y > ,
- Some .thre* hundred delegates from
all parts of the United, States are/at
present in convention at Indianapolis.
Many matters of importance are"eag-
erly'discussed, and the apeoches' delivered" have,all-been irnbued .with the
highest;enthusiasm.     .      '   y'-J
Karl Legien,' the noted German"So-*
ciallst'and labor, leader, is .'present"as
fraternal-delegate, and delivered, a
highly intersting^and instructive'address on the relation,between the poll-,
tlcal and. the economic movement of
the working class-in Germany. 7" *,.'
. ;"You .'will- be called upon," he-said,
"to find a-solution,with respect^to the
relations which should. exist-between
the,.party and the'trade unionism
movement. These relations, of,course, must be in accordance with actual-
economic conditions and with the do-'
yolopment of'both, wings of the. labor
movement in.every country ,    7'''.
"Af least-"as far as'Germany is concerned I may state",iwlhout-hesitation
that we,have;been able to*-solve this
all; important questfonynot oily to
the benefit ofonrown movemen*, but
I believe also to the.benefit of the
whole labor movement. -    '
... Unions and Party, Independent
- 'The-'party has] never'claimed'that
the' unions should 'assume a pollt cal
character or that'they should-.become
part and .parcel."of .the party itself
emphasized the-necessity of a politic.
,n?ly^; neutral'" trade'-,union movement
in order to^be able to organize the
workers of .all shades, of faith.*, ',
"It has been left to* the uniona' to;
-manage their own .-affairs, and ,to
choose whatever, tactics they, consider
best for their 'work.' For a certain
timo'after the. recall-of the anti-Socialist laws,'we had a number of unions, adopting the Socialist program,'
■% "They have never been really recognized by the ^ Socialist party. Their
sydicnllst tendencies became ' clear
.about ten years ago and'the Manheim
convention of tho Socialist party,
■which was held In 190C, decided that
these unions should have nothing to-
do.with the party, and that tlieir followers should oven bo expelled- from
tho party If tliey would r-efuso' to join
tho neutral and centralized trade.un-
Ions. Thoy? have indeed beon-expelled afterward. In our German move-'
rnont' wo havo no room for sabotage
and simllnr syndicalist nnd destructive tendencies."
"Sabotage" Condemned
Snbo'ago nnd nil.,Its nlllcd direct
action methods of violence woro overwhelmingly votod down by tho Natlonnl* Soclnllst Convention,
day. -V
It waB doclnred that nny mombor
of the Soclnllst party advocating' such
methods shall be expelled- from membership In tho party.
The clash came over the adoption of
"Section >• of-"Article II." defining
the qualifications for membership in
the Socialist, party, \Tho committee
reported that::
1        ■• ..  -    '   :
; "Any member of the party who
opposes political -auction ,or advocates
crimea against the pprson or other methods of violence 'as. a weapon of the
working class to aid in its emancipation Bhall be expelled from membership Jn -.- the party. Political action
shall be construed- to mean participation' in?elections for public office'and
practical legislative and administrative-work along the lines of the Socialist party platform."   And this is now
embodied in the constitution.
.* ' r
-.„,.  .Clear..Class.Lines Drawn      '"**
'""■ The conven tion. also attacked political expediency as it-has ben resorted' to in 'places .where the Socialists
have participated ■ in ' fusion movements.-y It'made ineligible.for membership in the party.all office hollers
during* their" term of office. The pro,.
rncrterB' of,;:the change declared that
the effect "will be to.keep office holders
in communities where:the trend is
toward Socialism from joining ■ the'
party, to save their jobs. -  y\
■ There were 5. nominations for presi-
ent but J. Harrima-i aiid Duncan "Mc
Donald' fcetired, and ' three, nominees
were put before.the delegates, the re,
suit being:    ' "
Debs   ."2.....V... ?....ifi5 •'
.- Seldel, 7. ?..-.'..', ,.\.K ? "56
t Russell^ . .7.'. v 7.'.-. .-.  54 .'
.Seidei immediately-moved that IDebs
nomination be'made unanimous. Russell, seconded the motion. "A shout of.
/     «■-■-—-■■
Vote Nearly Unanimous
To Follow Leaders'
Good Advice
„*WILKESBARRB, Pa., May 18.—By
a ,voteH of 328 to 64, the anthracite
miners in convention' today '• ratified
tho agreement entered into by,,their
sub-committee .with the local operators and ordered the 170,000 men nnd
boys employed in and about the mines
to return to work next Wednesday.
The suspension began March 31, wlien
the. agreement entered-into in 1909 expired. The advance granted will net
the men about 5-^per cent,   y -,*
A.-fiIm;of exceptional merit is bookT
ed by this' house„for "Wednesday and
Thursday, May 29 and 30. entitled
"Saving of a Soul," the star being the
world1 renowned actress, Julia Neil-
Bony This Is-a three-reel subject of
the" saving of a beautiful woman who'
Is fast going downward. The programme, for to-morrow night and Saturday Is "Sherlocko and Watso" (comedy); u"Be'st-.Man- Win's," (comedy),"
"The, Woman in the .case" (comedy),
"The Sedge Warbler and the Cuckoo"
(educational), *' .''Higher Power"-
(drama");* "The. "Child's ' First Love'
(drama) andy'Hls Side Pard" (Wost-*
era; drama). , The'orchestra at this
hnu'se is - exceedingly good, ani renders the "latest hits.
school 1 was. .likewise"good. ' Other
solosand dueta rendered were by Mrs-
Cameron, as "Sophy Gushing," Miss
?Fi8her"as""Pat-lence.'VMiss Miller as
"Dra-Kld," •' MrsA Carlisle as '-Ann
Sowforth," P. Hesketh .as, "Hl-WaJ-
ers." Other characters were, "Jus-
tia Style,'! Bert Whimster; "Al Fal-
for," D. Smail; -."Homer. Games,",
Mr. Nelson;, "Effa-Vercent," Miss Tel-
fer; .VEva-Greon," Miss Tuliy;'"Ima
Kid," Miss Russell, and "Phyllis Fate,"
Miss, Murray.',   : ,    ■..
. During the evening H. Liphardt aa
"Tim a Hay" -look, off some of thc
young bloods and young bloodesses of
the city, which kept the audience in
roars ot laughter.
,Tho C: N. P. football tournament Is
now in full swing, and all tlie,clubs
in "tho League were engagejl on Saturday last, May 18th. Iri each case the
home team won, - and the position of
the various clubs on the League table'
is not materially- affected. .Michel
still holds first place,- and are taking
a commanding lead, which will stand
them in good stead when the compel
tition becomes more'keen.. Bellevue
is second on the list,- and their win
over Coal Creek on Saturday was a
highly meritorious performance."
yFerriie succeeded'In capturing, the
points from .Hosmer, and as a result
jump Into third place ba tho table?
Below is the position of the different clubs on the League table
Michel .*..
Bellevue ..,
Coal Creek -.
Coleman ...
Hosmer  ...
'l ,
D. for agst. PtB
British Miners Disposed
To Strike—Trouble is
Looming Up
LONDON, May 22.~-The   National
Conference   of   Miners'   Feder^^on,
which has'been meeiinf. tbis wooK to
discuss the operation of the rec.ntly
enacted minimum v/a?e act for miners
adjourned today'after passing a resolution which, indicates that the men°
are not adverse to another fight.   Tho
resolution, which was carried* unanT
mously, records the federation's strenuous protest against   awards    being  -
given by  the  district wages  board.
The bo,yd members of the federation ■'
declare fixed minimum ■■ wages . for*
mines at a figure below the reasonable living wages which the government le'd'the men to expect:
The executive committee' of j-the
federation was instructed .to Interview the government with the object'
of securing immediate action on this
point and afterward to summon another conference without' delay to* deal
with the government's reply.
8 —
3 —
0 — ;
,0 —
1 —
"aye", that, nearly' shook. Tpmlinson
Hall made,, the nomination unanimous.
Again the, convention applauded and
cheered.'   *'"    A •-" •*. *?
' ,t
MAOI.I0OD, May 18.~-Snmuol Wll-
Husky wits today found guilty of the
murder of Ooorge Lulcntozy In Frank
on Fobninry 18, 101 'i, and wan given
thn donth nonlonce. li-xccutlon is to
tnko plnco ut Mnclopd\on July 2(lth.
' Seldel for Vice-Presldency ' -.
•A; score ofymmes'for*, the ^office of
Vice-President ywas placed,beforo the
conventiont.to.j"'delegates on the floor.
Most of thesewero by States* for "favorite sons," but only three entered
the, race. They were" Fmil Seidel oi
Wisconsin ;'Dnn Hogan, of Arkansas;
and'John W. Slayton, of Pennsylvania.
The balloting on* these candldatvs resulted: !
Seldel,'..! ;*,  ,??.'.. ...159
Slayton .-..* '. ',"' 24
Hogan '...'....' ,  73
,'A motion to mako .Solders nomination unanimous was then made 1 y
Hognn and seconded by s'layion. With
a'tremendous shout of approval 'ho
nomination was made unanimous,
Ono-unlquo motion , wns pawed
which' shows that tho Socialist.:, aa
ybt, i anyhow, hnvo no doslro to and-
is'.r marrlngo or rcfURo to'roco'fiilBe
the mnrltnl relation. One dologato
Insisted on his partner Bitting with
him in tho seats rosorved for delegates. Ills action was questioned,
but tho convontlon camo gallantly to
tho roscuo with n motion that husbands who woro delogatos and accompanied by tholr wIvob Bhould po'rmlt
tho latter to sit by Ihem, nnd that vlco
vorao, wives who woro . dologntos nnd
lind ndn-dolegato lnisb'andB In the aud-
lenco should permit tholr tn-i^nllne
imrtnoi'8 tho snmo prlviloffo. "It was
cnrr[od unnnlmously. '*
Good ljouses;'are/the order'of ""the
day ^'at-.tbe, Orpheum, and,,Manager
Card is doing his best to please his pa-
trons. .On.Saturday night the place
was 'filled to capacity, and the programme good, the.selections rendered
by the City. Band evidently appealing
miich, to-tho" public. --,
The referendum on the Monoy By-
Laws will tako place on Monday, next
, \
. /
Thero aro four criminal and two
civil'coses to come up before Judgo
Murphy nt tho  Circuit Court,  com
mencing   today   (Thursday).
criminal cases nro:
Rex vs. Gnnlson, attempted murder
at Moyle,,
"I.ox vb. Ing Soo, attempted minder
at Fort Steele.
Ilor'vB. Earl, two thnrges of roll
beiy. Cranbrook.
Pox vb. Wolr nnd Wilson, robbery
with violence nt Crows Nest."
Tho first enso to bo cnlled wns tlint
of Wolr and WJIboii and wns proceeding nt tho tlmo of going to profls. ^Mr.
FlBher (of Liiwo nnd Fisher) Is defending tho accused nnd Mr, II, Hereto-
mer Ib prosocutlng.
~" ' Michel vs. Coleman , .
Played at Michel on .Saturday, May
18th. Teams:' Michel—Moor,' goal;
Watson" and Evans, backsAJenkln'soh;
Ferguson, Carrlngton, halves; Briscoe,
Deddirigton, Hampton, Br own * and Mc-
Govern. -       -.,    . A  -1"_ ."*"
1 "6plemnn: Carri goal; Graham aiid
r-raser, backs; Hall, Jackson and Eas-'
■ on,- halves; Jenkins, Holmes, Sud-
V'orth', Killock andMuirhead, forwards.
Koferee: G. Coupland, Bellevub.7 .,
,'A strong wind was blowing when
play- opened and Michel winning,the
toss, took advantage of Iff Play favored the"-home team and after, twelvo
minutes' play they scored through
Hampton. Even piny followed for °
time, but neither side Iookednllko scoring, although Sudworth on ono occasion narrowly missed with a Jnst
drive. Toward tho lntorval In a
scrlmngo at Coloman goal tho referee
awarded a doubtful penalty to Michel,
Coleman resented tho doclsion, nnd
Fast play followed, both teams being "
prominent in turn,' Coal" Creek having
a slight advantage.     Good work by "
Go'mme,' Weaver and Johnston  took
the play close In on, Bellevue goal,
and Gomme from three yards range -
unaccountably shot   over'   the   bar;
From the goal kick Bellevue worked 7
to the other end, where Banns saved'
smartly from Varley, punting the ball
well down the field." *   Coal Creek had
aTRfufer'oppoTtunity presented to them5^  -
to canalize'the score, but Fag'an from
a few yards.out . shot,   past.     Both"    '
teams wero playing strenuous football
and as a result it was a good game to
watch.     On the fun of the play a -
draw would have been the moro fitting
result, but Bellevue succeeded In landing the points, and a hard and fast
Bamo ended .in  their fnvor by  one
goal to nothing.      * ,     ',"
1    Fernie vs. Hosmer
Fernio woro at homo to Hosmer last   '
Saturday, nnd managed to socuro tho
points by tho, respectable margin of-
3—1. this being tho home team's first' *
victory this season. ,
At the outsot of tho gnmo"- Fornlo
play, was stopped for several minutes, j stnrtcd for tholr opponents' gonl.'and
The nbovo loaguo mot nt Mlchol on
Snturday, May 18th, All tho clubs
wore represented nnd roforoofl wore
selected for nil loirguo games.    Only
VANCOUVER, 11. O., Mny 30.-—J. II.
McNovIn, fnlr wngo officer of tho department of labor nt Otlnwn, linn arrived nnd will mnko hln hondqiinrtcni
horo nml will control-tho territory
woBt of Wlnnlpoff Mr. MeNlvtn wiib
n resident of Vlolorln boforo,"appointment.
It is mnny u long day slnco ho mti.:h
Ii.uj.hfor wiih IndulRod In In Uils city
nn wan tlie enno on Wodnegdny eveiui
Th Knox Presbyterian Church choir
excelled tlicnmoIvoB on Tiiendiiy ovon-
lug liiBt nt tho flrnnd Theatre, when
thoy proBontnil to n crowded Iiouho,
nnd npproclnllvo nudlonco, that mirth
provoking two net muslnil romoily
"Tho HIiiKlng School," Too much
jirnlKo ennnot bo b^xtowod upon .1.
Qulnnoy, undor whofl" dlrecllnn tlio
comedy wnn dinged, lho mnnnor nnd
uniformity wltfi which "ovory llttlo
movomont" wnn rarrlod out Bp.Mklui.
much for hln cnpnhllltlon In this dliec-
lion. In nddltlou to this, .Mr. qulnnoy played the lending rolo na "Prof.
I'WIn.". mnstor of tho nohonl. with
thiw. viuub umorou lor tno Juvenile »'*» '"■ l»e u*wt{i w"«»> 1'rof. Cnrutli- („imicti hlatrlonlo nrt, nnd to tho sntle-
Cup, U....J.-J.', _iU_.-_.f3, C-u.il Ctvuh Aihi lii ^''-' « *i3_..*.un_,* cj.Jiii)itIon ot mo k^iuit U Mi proHunt—' It -ao may miy
Fernio. In tho draw lho Michel boj'8
got n byri, nnd Coal Crook have choice
of ground In tlielr tie with Fon,lo.
Tho flrBt gnmo, wnB sot for Mny 2Cth
_,..>_. .Lc _.__«! uu Juuu bin hi hotiitKir,
Tho drnw for tho Fort Btoolo Hrov.*-
ory Cup wob mndo nt,thU mooting nnd
resulted ns follows:
Conl Crook vs. Mlohol.
Fornio vb, noHovue,
Hosmor and Colcmnn received b.'ca.
Tlioso games will bo played cu th*
fjroiind of thc flrutiiiimud club*, on or
boforo July _27.li.
Tho semi-final draw waa:
Colomnn v«.„ConI Crok or Mlchol.
Hoflmer v«. Fornlo or "Oollovuo.
Thoio gamei to be played on or beforo Auk. JHth,
Tho next meotlnnr of tho I.cnguo will
bo hold lu Fernio on Saturday. July
27th. i
nrt of hpnottam. The place wai
packed nnd tome of the nntlci performed kept tho nudlonco In ro.i»'.. of
Imifthtor. jjTho porforrannco slnriod
y i,.i~> a Wll iwu i«:i* ut moving pictures. Aftor this tho hypnotic entertainment opened up npd the entertain-
or commenced bj> explaining n fow
fnctB of hypnotism. Following this
ho cnlled for voluntnr* to come on tho
stage for tho purpo»« of fn.ipocffni.
the man who was naleop In Mclwcnn's
window for thirty bruin., pHor to bis
b*ing nwnkenod, Thli wan done,
and tho commltteo of Inspection
vouched that tho man waa norm., ns-
Whoro ovcrjono In tlio <'««lo carrle-I
out IiIb or hor pnrt bo well, to malco
Kpoclal mention would n^rhnps lr«
HoriK-what unfair, nn.] yr-t no onmiot
help roforlng to tho excellent alnglnir
nnd nctlnft of Archlo Prontleo nB "Cnl-
nmlty" nnd "Cy-Fur." He wns undoubtedly tho maltutny of tho play,
nnd his rendering of tho iiong entltlod
"Th" SlnRtng School" UUlj Ur(.u(;■,.,-
down tho houso. Mr.,.Prentice waB
.\1jIj' uuppoitu-l b> K. Htuviur'. »*>
"Well and Strong," who together ni!n!«
a humorouB pair of farm hand*. J.
P. McDonnM mndo an oieolksnt "Sfju-
lecp. With tbla preliminary over tho lire Grumpo," and wan ably nuppnrtr-l
nwak*tnln)t proc«ia hoR*n, and afte»jby MUa Gordon, &m Ills colWugw. Mr«
n few mlnulM arwmpIl.ihM. , Tfw [ffrant fn th« part ufnivfty KeUl.uu."
whole evcnlntt'a * entertainment waa render1.1*! some food work, her duet
Inslrnnifvo and nmuatng. Tonl«V.t, "lleulx-u nnd natbol" with lho Pro-
Friday nnd Haturday, there will be fr««»r tielntt ror^atHlly eneewd. Mr»
fan rntiro rbangn of programme.        iQulnncy aa th« prima donna of tho
The field wns latterly cleared nnd the
kick tnkon by Watson, who scored
enBlly, tho Coloman goalkeeper mak.
ing n fbeblo effort to snve. Half-
tlmo wnn cnlled  shortly nfterwards.
' Michel, 2; 'Colomnn, 0.
Tho wind hnd dlod down considerably when tho rocoiuI hnl^rommcncod,
Colomnn lmmodlntoly becomo nggron-
sivo, but the Mlchol dofonso was equal
to nil calls, and play was transferred
to mldficld. Tho remainder of this
hnlf wns scraggy, a series of runs
from end to end bolng the rulo. Both
sldOH Inckod combination, nnd there
woro fow outstanding players on cither
sldo, Boddliigton nnd Jenkins on tho
ono side, nnd Jnckson on-tho other,
being (he only ones worthy of mention,
Final roHiilt—MichQl, 2; Colomnn, 0,
Bellevue vs. Coal Creek
Played nt Ilelluvnu lu n high wind,
but with flold In good .condition.
Ilollovurt:   Bradley, goal;   It. Dug-
tlnlo and T. Dugdnlo, Imrltn;  Mlllor,
TrlBliunn, Jopson, linlvonj A. Vnrlcy,
T, MntHh, H. Vnrloy, It. Mnrsh nnd
Potrlo, forwards,
Conl Crock;     IlnnriB, jtonl; Fngnn
nml Mol/otehlo, bnckBj McFognn, Yul-
08 and Pnriioll, IiiiIvoh; Oakley, Hoh-
ketli, (lomiiK>, Wt-nvrr, and Johiihlon,
Hi>f«r«v?:   M. Hronnnn, Colcmnn.
Ib'llovun won tho to««. nnd chot'o to
play with    the wind   behind   t'-eni
They onrly boenmo tho nggronsorfl,
but their ntlnck only norvod to bring
out tho dofenslvo qunlltloH of Fngnn
and   Mcl.otchlo,     Piny opened  out
InttoMv   nnnll «>li'*» linvfun- nm,M.limMI, ,
to fccoro, but tltf> ponrk^^pfrti «nvr>il
Btnnrtly, IlnntiH ORprrlnlly being
smart In his rlonrnncoB. Bollovuo
hahm woro giving Coal Crook no
ehrinro to Me'llr* down to comblnr-d
play, p.ytirv effort tM»!tir nlnnml Iti rim i n-ni   .t'n-»■...,,ii
bud,    A flno paKMliiB run by tlio Hollo- j 	
vuo forwards gave Coal Creek defence
some, nnxloty, nnd for nn Infringement
within the dronded nron n penalty kick
waa    awarded  incllovun,     Ditsdnto
within tho first ton minutes hnlf-n-doz
en hot shots'whoro plncod around tho
posts, while a hot shot from Thornton called forth a smnrt snvo from tlio
Iiosmor custodian. The home team
certainly showed bettor combination
and played better foot bull than I havo
scon from them before this season nui
from a pass right In front of {jo.il
Benny Smith managed to-'find tho not.
Aftor this Hosmer tried hard to got
away, but Shields and Mills proved'
Bnfe, nnd lt was not until nearly half-
time that Pnrtrldgo nftor n lot of work
mnnngod to put one In thnt gavo Coop
or nbHolutoly no show, Half-time* '
Fornlo, 1; Iloumor, 1.
( On resumption of, play tho homo teuin
'enmo together again, nnd fnnnl the
no. twico within ten minutes. Hoi-.ni-
j c certainly tried' hnrd to break up
tUIr opponent!.' dufenou, but their
forwnrds woro dolnc. too much Ioav,i.>r
clMHln.. and pai-kln.. the c«*-nlro t'o
much tu hcoi'o, und tho gtiinn «ndod ns
staled nbovo,
Tho forward IIjm> of tlio homo tonni
with tho nltorntloii iiuk!**- nt hnlf time,
wim nbout nn goi I th It «\-i»r hno
Iiim.ii mo fur thlH Hcftnmi, mid Jncl<
Mniinlng wan r _*t luJiily tin.* "kIiiiiimi,"
l-i'lng on tho bull all tho tlmo. Id*
wim tli« tniiiiiatny of tho forward IIik*
nihl  a  wo.lti-r from  wim I. to  .ininii.
The «nnie, nlrliaiif.li Intvrruplod hta-
r-rnl tlmcH by tho dulfot Htmlnn of thf
rt-f'H wlilrttle. wns c-citnlnly n <i.>;iii
on*', and wc did not notho n kIumIo
incident  thnt   could   bo   t.uuHtloncit
Tt>.<  foilll   1ftl1l-!lf>"l»"»   In  *I)'1t...i,      (
morrow M-'rldav.  will ht> nn foHt.u"-
.1. Cnuflold noted no rof»»o<>
Cooper, gonl; SbloldH. M<II»
Hweonny, Wntnon nnd Hi"*
Booth. Thornton, Manning. V.
Xtr   ., .....   ■     T>l
-A   8lK».
SKATTI.E, AVnsh., Mav 21.
clnl from Dawaon aaya tho Yukon V"l-
lev Is a roaring furnace for 200 miles
.......      \.   .    .-*.. .      between Big 8«lmon and 8«owArt <'ily
took lho kick, an* airuc_rTho croisbar n.„^^ fnfWlf r(r<>, nr^ M(tlnr „„. n,)f
with a fast »hol, CoitI Cr«Mtk Hiiocoi'dod
In rioarlng tholr lines, but HoIIovur '
i.-IU_UihI to the ftlliu't nnd nftor a_>mi
pood forward play, oponcd tho scor-
Ind, yoiiriK Varloj- bring tno m-.rk#.
man. ''
This hnlf cloBfd without further
hiorltw, Ik-]levii« k-a.llng at the Inter-
v__l Uy I i/,wx\ tu ft. <i
On tho wiuroptlon of play Coal
Crook openod Jn dotermlned fashion,
tholr anilely evldon.ly »poUI_.){ t!s«!r
early .-fforta to <f.uallte the »«.?«.
u*.»r any city.
LOSnONT, May 22,-~Mr» Emily
Pankhurit, tho militant Surfrnfrotti.
Ipstk'r, and Mr and Mrs 1'oU.wkl. Ij»r-
tfiH-*, joint o-(.ltrir«« of "Vote* for Wo
men," wore today aontoncod fo nlno
month* Imprisonment without Uar>l U
Unr on ai' tt.atK* of Inolilns their fol-
loweri to do damago to proj^rti*.
..   * -*;
/ v\
~~ta;?a1 77-
\s>. yy-S :,.•>''■   ^^Sy'y.y ;:SySS^ySy^Sy:\..
the;districtledger, fersie,b.c..-may 25,1912.
-. ;   y '. i*'s.?', .."-' yy.   ..   ..'.   {__.-„■ Ay'  7.;---"'..-yy ;•• A" *'- 7*   '» .7- *•;"*■■ -A A 7" aAAA'**'1 ":
_■'• ■' 77"'?y  A'V* ''*' - *- As"--• • -•   :,,~ * "   v--!"   -■" 7 '*"'-'?'*? >--..,"'.''**?v7' '^--"yv vy*' r. * ,- ■■
v : ->-7 ,.* * ", ...■■-:•■• 7 .■_.>■-. >;;-,*y.:^i;,*y-,.,.K..,y-y. .-*;* y&a*""" °7,-.T-^.r...r;;r,':,y'
'.a- -
By Robert. Hunter
It .is almost impossible to give all
the reasons "advanced by.seceders in
.their effort to justify rival unionism.
We have considered briefly the attempt to form unions on political
lines and also the attempt of the Industrial Workers of tbe World to divide union men into craft unionists
and industrial unionists. All seceders
have, however, invariably claimed that
one of their cMef reasons for forming
rival unions is th» corruption In the
American Federation of Labor.
., All  through    the    literature    pub-
i ll8hed by the Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance and the Industrial Workers of the World we find the phrases
Labor Faker,' Labor Skate, Grafter,
Labor Lieutenants of tile Capitalist
Class, the Lackeys' of the System.'The
American Federation of Labor Is a
"Scab Herding organization" . itte the
"Decoy Duck organization"; it is the'
."Faker-didden aglomeratlon of planless and spiritless elements"; it is "the
field of pure and simple-torn." The
seceders have even established a
"Rogues' Gallery'1 that is filled with
the portraits'" of every, trade union
leader. *  ,
, The Socialists who continue any relations with the old unions are con-;
demned more bitterly tlian even the
anti-Socialist leaders. "A crooke like
Debs," says De Leon. Hickey's "Rogues' Gallery" includes"1 the. Socialist
. leaders of the Western Federation of
Miners, the Western Labor "Union, as
well as the American Federation of
Labor. The Socialist Publishing As-
■sociation of New York, when it began to fight rival unionism, consisted
of a "motley crew, small traders and
manufacturers with fully developed
bourgeois Instincts, professionals more
or less filled with middle class notions
,pure and simplers, with a Socialist
varnish -insipient labor fakers in various stages .of incubation, anarchists
and other freaks, some of them real
curiosities."     '    - - ..
These and similar terms of endear-
-ment were the chief assets of the agitators of the now forms of unionism.
Any man who attempted to dispute
the wisdom of trade unionism formed
on  political  lines,   or   of<   unionism
founded   on   Industrial lines, became
immediately a traitor to tho cause of
, labor.0   And no man, no matter vv'iat
his services  had  been  In   tho  labor,
movement, escaped    the' wrath and
venom of the seceders.    Somo of the
very men who declared nt ono period
that the labor unions should be the
side show of a political pnrty, at the
next, period formed Industrial unions
thnt were to make the political party
tho side show of tlio industrial movement.   They denounced lliolr later opponents with tho samo bitterness,and
venom  that  they  hnd  used  toward
thoir former opponents.     Tho,rival
unionists changed    their " principles
.Avlth nbout the rnpidlty that a vaudeville performer 'ohnngos his makeup.
The chief figures In tho rogues' gal-
lory of ono day, bucIi as Dobs, Moyor,
liny wood nnd others, became Inter follow workers nnd Comrades.    But na
Boon as dissension,nroso ngnln those
samo mon woro reinstalled ln their
old position in tho gallery.
All this" seems'-'strangely incomprehensible. And, In truth,- the whole
history of rival unionism is totally incoherent. ; There'is nothing like It In
any other country in the world. However, diligently one may read and pon-"
der over the literature of rival unionism, there seems to be no explanation
for its confused policies and incoherent methods.
The Industrial Workers" of the
World had not existed more than a
few months before the members of
that organization began to denounce
each other as crooks, grafters, takers,
etc. At the convention of the Indus-,
trial Workers of the World In 1906,
Delegate Parks said: "It is the general opinion ..." that there was
among some of the departments ot
the Industrial Workers of the World
corruption, graft and fakeration, which
would put to shame the.worst of the
American Federation of Labor.'!*, Delegate Hazlewood said: "Now it ls an
undisputed fact that there has been
a lot of "grafting going on in the offices of this ! organization '. A ,. I
want to say that the night before last
tliere was something between $800 and
$900 paid to men who ' are sitting
around here as stool pigeons." •' We
see. therefore, that stories of corruption played a part in the movement
of the so-called revolutionaries quite*
as much as in the factional fights of
the old time trade unionists..        *     ''
Of course every movement must'expect to have Bome'of its leaders yield
to corruption.- In-one form or allot ner It assails the working class
movement in every* part of the world,
Indeed, it is inevitable where classes
exist, where men - are human . and
where capitalism is supreme. Whether
or not corruption1-is more prevalent
in-the American labor movement than
elsewhere is a matter that we shall
not attempt to discuss; but this wc
know, that it is the easiest and cheapest way, when differences of opinion
arise, to gain a temporary victory by
denouncing your opponents as corrupt., And this method of faction!,!
warfare has become a veritable vice
in America. The,'almost universal,
corruption in capitalist' institutions
helps us to gain support for any'de-
iu.r. ciatlona-we-may- make-as-tor-t _ie>
cor.uption'of those who oppose us.
i   • , *   - -,-    *
' The cry of-corruption   has   been
| pushed to the point where, it may be
dismissed as ridiculous. De,. Leoi
says, for instance: ' "I __nowvnot a
single exception of any party can I'-
dato "ever elected upon a political plat
form of the emancipation of the working class who did not sell them out
as fast as elected." The absurdity of
that statement is equalled by the following: '/In bringing our Indictment
of cm ft unionism to a close," says tho
Industrial Worker,of tho World,' "we
wish to emphasize the fact that It ls
part and parcel of capitalism, and
thnt ^ho corruption of Its lenders Is
but tho outgrowth of Its principles."
Tho Soclnllst Labor pnrty for a dec-
ado or moro dealt only In such goods.
Thoy developed a,genius for inventing
now namcB with.which to blacken tho
characters of their opponents. "Speaking of tho membors as I havo met
them," says DoIib, "lt scomfi lo mo
they nro too prone to look upon a
mnn as n faker who happens to- disagree with thorn. . . 7 I bollovo
tt Is posslblo for a working mnn
,' . . . to so strain his vision looking for tho faker thnt ho sees tho
faker where the faker is not." This
is,perhaps as,charitable a statement
an one could make', concerning this
method of argument' , ' >x - , A      A
Of course, if all the accusations of
corruption .were true,■ we should"in-'
deed be in a" bad'way. If the leaders
of all unions are'corrupt; if every Socialist" elected to office sells us "out; if
the Industrial, Workers of the* World
was graft-ridden even in,its helpless
from one set of corrupt leaders will
Infancy, and If only, the Socialist Labor party ..with its diminishing numbers, Is pure in heart—then, indeed,
the working class In this country bas
little hope. But, fortunately, these accusations are not true. They are mostly miseruhk lies tin-, have gained a
hearing only because our. labor movement Is divided into factions, and the
weaker a faction is., the ' more it is
driven to" slander its rivals. However,
this must be Bald that whether this
work of defamation is done by rival
leaders, rival unions, rival factions, or
by spies, It has a disorganizing and injurious- effect ori the labor movement
and helps only the enemies 'of labor.0
Defamation was the method used by
the, anarchists to destroy the International.,, Iri fact, it is part and parcel -of .that philosophy-of anarchism
which"declares:'"Kill off the leaders
and you destroy the institution." I do,
not ask those who denounce the leaders of the American' Federation of
Labor to take this assertion of mine
unsupported. That my .view is correct, I call upon Daniel De Leon himself ' to' testify.- In his pamphlet on
"Socialism vs. Anarchism,"" page 24,
he ,has made my argument for c me.
He condemns .there "the anarchist notion that by killing off aa officer, supposed.to be clothed with headship,, his
organization lis'killed along with him,
or falls a helpless booty into the hands
of his slayer." Speaking further of
the attempt to destroy De Leorilfem:,
"No men,",he says, "makes the S. L.
P. . . .;. Its officers have 'not'
dropped down into their positions
from the,sky, * They are a product of
the organization. * Vain, because anarchistic, is the imagining of whomsoever, who, - aiming at ■ capturing or'
killing off 'the   organization,   merely
ual" members..; Dual* [unionism,' .there-'
tore, attacksthe,materialiinterests-of
.not only'the 2,bob,'000;orga_j._zed ^workers, but alsoTpf millions of others'* who
__pe benefittedVby .the". trade " union'
movementyyyA' .J;.. AA-A'A?
y No, the '"cry 7 of *"- corruption"Jn-?the
trade 'union' movement will not excuse'
rival unionism.?7lf it,did. then iiwould
excuse-another.rival union- toA-fight
the first rival',union,.and..so?W forever. .,,yXrid- thei,fact*isJ'that;'only."co,w-'
ards would-leave? aif organization-"of
labor, in corrupt.hands.' The'very fact
.that the. leadership of "a working'class
organization "is* .corrupt should beAhe
chief-reason for fighting to reclaim"
that organization; ? He who runs away
run away from the next set that fasten
themselves upon him. .''* A  ,-'
■ Dual; unionism, from" every-point of
view, is to,be condemned*as treason
to „the working class,?1 ,It Is.* a cowardly betrayal, that', makes Itself all
the more despicable when-those who
practice, It proclaim, "the class, war."
It Is the tool of the enemy.,. There ls
only one distinction' between those
corrupt leaders' that have betrayed tne
working class, and the advocates bf
rival unionism the first serve' tbe capl-
tallsts for the sake of money only ;< tne
second serve them without pay and
with a zeal that is fanatie.
.(To.be continued)    -
aims at.capturing or killing off its officers." In anotner place (convention
of 1900, page 33) De Leon says again:
"It is not only useless to call the management bossess, czars, popes, tyrants
and tho like,"" and tbe rank and file
oppressed and misguided ^angels, but
it la unwise as well, because in doing
so you offer an insult to the rank nnd
fi'e by degrading tiiem to Ae level of
1-uppets who will jump as the strlnp Is
wiled." If the above io a sound argument figninst those who, have rebelled
against Do Leonlsm, lt'ls no loss sound
against all thoso' dual unionists who
rebel ngalnst Gomperlsm.
' Dual unionism is to bo condom'ued,
nowover, on 'much' stronger grounds.
It Is treason to tho working class. It
aids and abets' tho enemy. ''ll offends
tho very foundation doctrlno of Marxism, In that lt places Itself ln opposition to tho mntorlnl Interests of tho
non-unlonlst who knows thnt tho union
holds up his wnges. If tho Carpenters' Union'wero destroyed nnd wagos
woro lowered, the non-union carpenter
would suffer with tho others. Tor
thnt mntorlnl reason tho trade union
movomont haB tho moral support of
millions of workors who nro not not-
solve the problem of: finding/employ-;
ment for the'thousandsbf'miriers'who
by the adoption7of'his''method'would
be/without workA ■"£.<;">"• -' .' *;■ "'-"*■>'
, _ In this line it is'worth- mentining
that .in the' "United? States. - where the
.quickest methds. areValways.adopted,"*
the only solution In,so;f«jrdiscovered
is to burn coal "and .men together inside'of the mine.y-Uriited. Mine. Work-,
ers Magazine. ...  AA* •>'..'   /s *■      '
■■■ ' , ■ ' • '' \ Ayyy?--
Cbal-s tealing is "the' '.fashionable
crime of the moment'in'England/and
thoroughness was'the note of-a* robbery in a village near', Newcastlc-on-'
Tyrie. , The village constable;-got in
two loads one day, and the riext'morn-
ing found his coal place empty, "swept
arid'whitewashed.      . -..., 7  y? ' . ■/
Dyeing and Dry Cleaning
• Has now changed hands.     Thoy aro going to turn
j(   out a  class  of work which  cannot bo boaton by any
othor iauncirv in  the district.
Special Rates for
Family Washing and for Bachelors
We Guarantee
All   Our   Work
. Not a very long time ago the installation of coal-cutting machines in the
mines was considered* as an impossibility. - Experienced miners were saying that it was" not practical, -and any
attempt,in thatc-direction will prove-
to be .a; failure. - Yet the machines
were installed; and their work? was satisfactory, at least to .the operator.
'.During'the year.1911 the production
of coal mined, by machines amounted
to about 200,000,000 tons. , Experienced miners who thought that the only
way to cut the*coal was by swinging
the pick found* with great disappoint-'
ment,that the pick man, was* no moro
required and,had to be content with?
holding the shovel,'and thus the human arm became an accessory of the
mechanical pick. or of the grinding
tooth.' Miners were laid off by hundreds. .-■•'<■ • _ ** * i "
Only a short,time ago a new device
was constructed.'; It is a combination
of cutting and "loading machine, and
the experiments have proven that with
-some, improvements the new arran'ge-
meht ..will work-satisfactory, at least
for>-the operator., More miners--will
be displaced. - •!.._ .   . .   '
Recently steam shovels wore placed
in operation in Kansas. , And they
work satisfactory, for' the same gentlemen. ■   More minors are Idle.'
And finally a project for abolishing
coal mining entirely is seriously discussed these days. The author of
the project is Sir- William „ Ramsay;
president of tho British Association for
tho Advancement of Science) He suggests that coal Instead of being mined
and carried outside, bo burned in the
seam as it lies, and the heat produced
bo served to generale power which
may bo transmitted electrically to tho
points'where It is needed,
There Is absolutely , nothing1, ho
says, to prevent a borehole from being put down until the coal btratum Is
reached and, concentric tubes bolng
used to sot tho conl on flro (by electricity) and to blow nlr down to enable
tho coal lo burn as a prollminnry op-
orntlon. Coal with plenty of nlr gives
off carbon dioxide,. When half burned, lt gives Dawson's ges, which Ib
used for gas engines, If stonm wero
blown ln lt will give a 'mixture of hydrogen nnd cnrbonle ncld, or wator
gaB, which Ib frequently used for gae
engines. Bring your, gas engines to
tho mouth of your pit or bore-hole and
produco your powor thoro. You would
thus havo 30 per cent avallablo In
fuol engines, Thut onorgy might b«
transformed Into electricity vnnd you
could distribute It through,tho coun-
try—whorover you liked.
Thnt tho Idon of burning conl In
seam for commercial purpose Ib not
a dream, but a practical possibility,
nnyono who Is llttlo conversant with
tbo modern application of sclenco will
Ab n matter of comparison, a few
yonrs ngo tho production* of sulphur
won practically restricted to tho mluou
In Sicily and tho old mothod of mining
wns mod, nnd tt Ib still in existence.
One hundred thousand long torn wero
nnnunlly Imported to tho United Stntos. Today tho deposits of sulphur of
Louisiana nro supplying tho want of
tho United States. And tbat sulphur
Ib not mined, but molted lnaldo by hot
air und Buporhontod wntor and punipel
out. The Standard Oil Company,
which Is opornllnir thos*. mines, know
how to got bettor roiulti nt less ox-
Sir Wllllnm Hnminy, tho originator
of (bu coal-burjilug Idea, Is potUlvclr
conftdont of Ub bucccis.
>"or the sake of ftctence we may
join in his wishes, provided that at
tho Bruno tlmo another gcnlut   may
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
br hrti *|>t>li<-«tlon., «« thtjr rtnirtl r.»f» th*
rt._._i*4 i*i.umi „r tt,« M_, Tb?r* U Milr wt»
wtiv r»rnn>fli-iinii<w unit fh«. *« hr i-oit»-lni*f.>n-
•1 wnnllM. Iii.«fni... iN chih-i) tij mn Inflnrwi.
ro«<JUl_ji. f Ifcw _»<t»-nu. Ilftbtf of tfc« etMari-U*
Tat*.   W»i..t tM* ia.,* h inn>m*4 ton ti»*» •
UUiUUu tui_i.il .«  tu.|«jl_U Wkllu*. i'iJ Wtl.4
H 1« »'i,llrih il.m. fl lii.|,tm<t,t 11 tin- rriiilt, *»«
Mlktt \Y» tntttmwiittaA h* b* ink** out *•**
tkl* It,!*. fMtKr-l t,, nt imrnni .Mullitan. k*nr*
ti.t *m w &-t\tini a .i*c»tT', *m* ***** nm *it
«*■• «r. fitiM .,. ct.fTfe, mini l« MtUM Ut
«» l-Bi«s*.| ««.t)>t.n n. «b* wwrm*. MrihMvt.       ,
W« mil fit* u-* 1.tiiMtrril IMUw #•» WrtW |
of lV«fa»*» Ifti.M'l.f t-rMltht lh»l ****** ** I
riin-4 l j- H».-.. (arwrt far,,   jh-xd tur two-1
Un. tit*. t
,   v. i. .,..!_.:._-,*. i. ui, 'i-kJu. o,   l
►*« It PnrfiH*. TV.
t»i« rr»n» i-kn-i/y tint tor tumtttpttu*.
/■(.._/ .'.
■   .    "7—". .7 ' .i_y *'r'
Since the national congress ofYl?10
two additional daily papers in the El-s-
lish.l&nguage have been started, name-
'y. ihe Milwaukee Leader, Milwh rkee,
Wis, and the Alarm, Belleville, 111,
"Weekly paperB have sprung up in
many places, over 150 of,them bein?,
co-operative papers.? The mailing list
at the National Office shows that the
number of Socialist papers now pub?1
llshed in this country is as follows: ',*
Daily "English ........... ?...   fi -
' Daily,_foreign .......-,'   ,8
.."Weekly,- English  ... ■ 262' '
Weekly,' foreign   .....' "36,"
* Monthly, English ............. 10 ..
Monthly, foreign  ............   2
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosbhonol "Stores every nerve in the body,
r to its proper tension; restores
vim and vitality.*' Premature decay and all sexual
weakness averted at once. Phoiphonol will
make you a new man. Price $3 a box. or two fnt
iii. Mailed to any addre?s. The Scoboll Druf
t.o„ 8t. Catliarlncs, Out-
For Sale at  Bleasdell's  Drug-Store
7 Wholesale and Retail
<.-' * i \>-... -
7   A "        ,.*.,-
Barber Shop   A
Baths*     .     •'.
7  ■'        '"        - V" '   *'.. '"
Shoe Shine ,.A .
Billiards and Pool
i ' , (j
Coffee and ..Sandwich
Counter'   ■■-
Ha___.'_wood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue '
FERNIE, B.C;  .    Phone 34
Feniie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specially
---.*--   .".'-i-    •!-.. ,**v""" it*'-v'' .   y. ■- '-, ■",-' -, * v -"»->'':>-.'-. v^ --H,.r.';-i--'.,;
-    "*-       . *f..-- v  ,". * i..'   -y   "■*'■--.-.  ."■' -      ■'"-...*'*-'. *"- '■;.■■'i»
V-A- 7 ." A'-1'-*. SS7S-_y -i7'"0'-'AA7-T'.   -A"-*' *'A"ii^iL'
General Dealers
" "* '"* r 0 " *■     *?-*
fi. .'I'-
Living Prices
Dry Goods, BootSi Shoes
•*.*•■-..' '.-•■, •'■   s  :"''■-'. ?•" c'.'-'k■'''•- '■
~yy Men's; Furnishingsy:  ;
.   Groceries^ Fruits andA A
•'■'■"*■■' ./Provisionsv."X\X■-■■
Belleviie; Alta;
Steptieri T. Hurhble 7
? Dealer in ■  *
S      i '> ""    -. "   '      .. ■ \      .• - .. y   '.-" 7.
Hardware,0 Stoves,   Ranges.
Fancy Goods and Stationery   ;
BELLEVUE   A     .1       •_ - '   7 'Alberta
■  *■»
Hillcrest, Alta.
; T^8^ Meals       a
Choice Wines, Liquors arid Cigars
A    ;H. J. CUNNINGHAMZ/Propnetor;';.X\x,
-. •.   Wo carry a full line of      "" :-    • -v
7   _ - ■ ' ".- ;       y . . '.'-,.     *'   '.        -■    v ■
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
*  ■,   *       i*~*", -     * *i "i
7:Price_3 Rightijl y?7
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103     ° :*:   ,,    Frank, Alta.
Special Sale of Flatware
Bone-haiidlQd--Toa or-Dlnnor Knives,'"at $1.25 por half'doz.'   "
1835 Wallace Droa." Tea or. Dinner ltnlvos, ?2.00 per halt doz.
■Vi Doz. only Dinner Knives;-boBt plate, $1,.75 •   ''
Mi Doz.'only Toronto Sliver riato Tea Knives,'$2.25.
18-17 Rogers' Bros. Dlnnor Knlvos, $2.00 per half doz. '   '
Rogers' Best Plated Table.Spoons at 46c. eneb,'
Wm. Rogers and Son Table Spoons $1.75 per half doz.
1847-Rogers' Bros.'Table Spoons,,$2.75 per half doz. '   -,
18-17 Rogers' Bros. Dessert-Spoons $2.50 per half doz. -
Tea and Dinner Forlis, bost plate, $1.75 per half doz.- '.,
Wm, RogorB' and Son Dlnnor Forks, $1.50 por half doz,
Wm. Rogers' and Son Al Tea Forks, $1.75 por half doz.
And Nothing, but the Best In Prosh
and Smokod Moats, Fresh and
Smoked Pish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
Etc. Etc., go to
8AM GRAHAM, M»n«(j«r PHONE 41
i jl
£______ Co-Operative. Coleman ££f
"The store that is owned by the people"
«-% , 1  Clul(lwn,8BltonaOTTOOIjSIIOKS,-fl.00l$ll.B0a^l$2.00pairf
JtJOOtS  SinCl Children's 8tronK SUIIOOL SUOKS, $1.00, -$1.00 and ^,1)0 pair,
*      Children'.. CANVAS SIIOEB, 46c, 60o., and 70o. pair
Won't, CANVAS SHOES, 00c. pair.
A largo stock of LADIES' SIIOES junt in, button and Ineo, $1.80 to $4
Tlio only «fltmhio SLATER SHOE POR MEN, $d.60 and $5.00.
AMHERST or LKUK1B MINK UHUHt), ^2.60 to ty&to.
Nowcut Bhadcs in LADY'CLOTH, wldo, splendid quality, $1 yard; in
navy, tan, green and lilacl.. If
White or Blue SERGE, 70o. and 00c. yard.
SATIN CLOTH, evory .1.1/. rle, 80c.   yard.
LUSTREfl and CASHMERES, 80c. yard,
CASHMKKK'mM, ri yani* OOe,
A great variety of WASH GOODH AND  TRIMMINGS, from 10c.
Pftttara* on Application
tt^tnnut^mmmtm -^•iV-^VSi.'
! 1  v
'•2 ■ *- -> f_-i ■ "" - -J
y A77Tn#LI/8L0i
150 Respond to Physician's Advertise-
  '   -:A7A'A
. v t
-■■ NEW,YOKK,^May. 15.—More than.
.';.150. men-?of , all   nationalities/their
threadbare,} clothes 7 betraying . their
, need, besieged Lebanon-Hospiiai from
■'- 5' a.m_'.'until 71; p.m.,' seeking tbearn
. "125 in. exchange .for their, blood. They
^came in resf)onse, to?an advertisement
< .which .'read :'.A-^ _ '-.'J; 7% A A'A.
. ; -j .'"Men •"- Wanted '~f Strong, 7 healthy,
men" for a blood'transfusion•?„ Twenty-
yflve dollars .compensation: >. Apply at
..-- Lebanon -Hospital between' 10. and .-J 1
' o'clock'.today/.   ■*■ -'A-'' •'. . V..''_. '",'■" ■
,,.    Blood .transfusion' is the last hope of
'. saying thelife of .Mrs., Y. Herrmann.
32 years ,old, -v 'Last -Wednesday >M. s,
, Hen-mari fell from the„ fourth storey
of_,the apartment In which, she-lives, to
the |yard, below and -fractured "her
skull.     She lost a great1 quantity of
5 blood, and her physician has to have
recourse to blood transfusion to save
."Her. "A, ■   A ''Ar ■;,   . •', ".
When Dr. Kakels began to look the
volunteers 'over every man ^demanded
that,he be .taken. The .physician
finally"indicated*a big,-strapping me-
, cbanlc.-out of employment as,being
■ the man he wanted.    ~"    -   A .
- :>•• Ey;eri after the'choice had>becn made
tlie .disappointed   volunteers}^ stood
;., about the hospital door hoping others
would be required? ■ .    .-''.-?
MONOTONOUS. TASK    *.    /!.:.,."
. * .      CAUSES ACClbENTS
. y*>\ry (?V?-AbF"AsfQR;wii.LJ
Clergyman Makes Odious Comparisons
,-'..<;. t - -'"."___Ji___l'; •'.%' ■-':r't'i fifi'-
\ PH"tl^EL_?HIA^ May'?; 13.—Have'
the' U.'S.'Government;*seized,.allibiit
■$2,000.00?'" of._«y«rj^
7,I*t't^e~govenii__ent.pw_i"and run all
express., .telegraph' and telephone'conK
paritefAy 7 y A,..;,'>v_- .;■■ , "A A ""-'
, Tate" "over; for'government, control
the ^Standard-'dir. Company -and the
Toliacco^usL^^Ay^'.?;-'' "'\-, A- .A
7 Have", the: government, confiscated -•;•
al^coal laidds.".-' ''^V'' yS'S "l■ '
- -These are",some of^the methods of
preventingrthe; accumulation of sw-jH'
en fortunes Vdyocatecf by the- Rev.-
Geo*. Chalmers" Richmond; rector of. jSt.
John's Episcopal?-church' here,'whose
bitter denunciation of the will of the
late Colonel. John Jacob' Astor has
created'a .furore today.      7 ;
* -   /        - '?'.,'*
The,'Rev. Mr. ^icnmona compared,
the terms of Aster's will handing down
the bulk of his great fortune to'.his
son,?with that of Dr.• Francis- Bacon,
the late,surgeon of,Yale University,
who out of, a $400,000 estate left $100,-
000 Jto be used-ln the fight on tuberculosis; a few thousands to other "worthy
couses/.and the remainder to help poor
boys through Yale. ''" . y ■■-.''
? "We are filled with- patriotic shame
after reading the will of John Jacob
Astor,". declared "the clergyman. ,"FJe
stands forth.' at .the. Judgment bar before'tho Christian,, conscience of the
American people.,1 - , ', ' ,-
. "It is a; disgrace to leave a fortune
of $50,000,000 ln these days."     ■ '
*• ,-    *-' ■ ■ ■--. _- , "<■)&'-. ..
The-ward for women at-the barracks
which,' like .tho ■ quarter's",'for?>nienAIs.
ritther limited in accommodation-for .a
city the size of Calgary,' and is-'rather
crowded now so the court? decided,'to
give the woman a* chance„of-paying a
fine...   It was stipulated"tha't-she must
leave the city at once, however;-and
was'told that she* would'have, to "stay
away from there.     '-_-• 7 A 7 -y•"•'"'" :'
•-*, \'. * '-'' *   :-y,<y...
- ■   . - '" "    MEN SAYS AUTHORITY
Celebrated. Physician^ *Alrs * NevtTand
?  •-'*"'■••   Surprising tTheory       ■ ._""•_
•■ I • -..'
-'?' SPOKANE, Wash., May 14.—Monotony of-task,.not fatigue, is,the'chief
cause of accidents to. workingmen, ac-,
cording to C. A. Pratt, chairman of the
Industrial Insurance-Commission --.-of
Washington, which has, * received ' re-
-ports of thousands of causes since the.
workmen's compensation law became
effective" in this state. "As a remedy
he suggested recesses of is minutes
1 morning and afternoons.'     Statistics
compiled by the commission covering
- *■ a-ipe'riod/of months show that.accid-
,. .'-ents "are most frequent between 10 and
: Jl o'clock in the' morning' and bet-
- wen 3 and "4 ^o'clock in'.the afternoon,
■', ' also that the largest number of a'cci:
., 'dents.result from automatic action on
„ the part of the workmen, principally
f 7- because of;the-monotony, ,:' Contrary
.- - to the general.- belief, the, last hours
-7-1 of, the morning .'and, afternoon', when
;.    workers, may be- expected'" to, become:
careless" through "fatigue," are cbmpara-
yj.tively safe*.'.' °Mr.7Pratt discussed, his
-•'tors'and manufacturers while in Spo-
,. kane recently and several plants,are
• planning to give * It a thorough trial-
A the'eoming'summer.   '■ *,'   ■*,*   -"'■■?
■'A.-/ - -7 'SI' i.    -,
Counsel for Defendant Asks-Non-Suit
.••""'"Aon*Technical Grounds'     7*
yA! verdict of $5000-damages was
given,in tlie Supreme Court last.week
to'Mrs. Vesta Vincent, widow of Fred
-Vincent,- a brakeman, for the loss of
her husband, who met his death while
coupling cars at False Creek in the
service* of the B. C. Electric Railway
Company in .February,"'1911. ..'" , - '
.' The company'-,offered ...lie ..widow
$1500 damages' under the, Workman's
.Compensation-Act, but she ■ claimed
$3,600 under the Employers' Liability
Act and-'unstated damages at common, law. .The special jury that heard
the.evlderfce awarded her ,$5000'under
the* common law. '  7   ,' - ,   .
. LONDON, May'10.—When-Romanes
many years ago showed-by experiment
that women can read much faster than
men, where men have-more decision of
character, he expected-no explanation-
of his discovery. ■_"■"- *"**' ""? *-- • '->« '"'-
Such an explanation was'given recently, by Sir * Jas. Crlchton, Browne;"
the celebrated physician In .his prSsl-
dential address'.to the Child r Study
Society, at the University of London.
..In women, Sir James said, the ios-
terior region of the brain' receives a
richer flow- of artereal blood,' in' man
the anterior region.- The work of the
two regions of the brain, is different.
The posterior region is mainly sensory anci., concerned with seeing and
hearing. The anterior region includes-
the speech • centre, the higher.-inhibitory centres which are concerned with
.will, and the, association centres concerned with appetites, and desires based upon internal sensations. There Isi
Sir James ■ thinks, 7a corresponJcnco
b?tween the rich" blood, supply of the
posterior'-'region ot,the'brain iii women and'their, delicate powers of" sensuous perception, rapidity of thought
and emotional sense .and between the*
richer bloody supply of the anterior region, in men-.and "their,, greater originality on higher levels bf intellectual
work, their calmer judgment and their
stronger will.-      7?
.,'A-curious fact whicH Sir James
brought up| is that-the difference between man' arid woman runs through
many'details' of-their organisms." -The
crown of the female.skull is more elevated than that of the man. The woman-has'-a plantar arch - flatter than
that of the man which accounts 'for
her partiality for-high-heeled shoes.
suit of the_ disclosures.step's.will be
taken against ttie firm of A. Kraeuter
$aA Co.,'under the", corrupt practices
act" for haying enclosed the following
letter in the pay envelopes- pf "'their,
employes last week: * "-7 '•'
', "I spent five .days in ^the rooms'- of
the" Finance, Committee at .Washington, ,D. C.,'- hearing] representatives of
American manufacturing .corcerns
protesting against-the reduction in
tariff, as called for.in what is known-
as the Underwood bill that passed the
House ,of-Representatives.? As you
know, the Democratic House of Representatives-refused.' to grant any
hearings, consequently the .Democrats
are responsible" for the bill, and I take
this occasion-to' make'known to you
that if the Democrats are able to put
this bill through the Senate, six to
twelve 'montii's after .this new tariff
schedule goes into effect there will be
hundreds of thousands of American
workmen .idle, and the workmen" of
European countries will be furnishing
us with-, our 'necessities, unless tho
measure vetoed by. President Taft.,
Under the ..circumstances, for your
own protection, I. would advise, when
again ^casting-your votes, that you
only vote for protectionists, as that is
the only way by which you are sure of
a, livelihood. ■ If you see fit, talk this
over with, your friends-and help the
good cause along.", 7     , '   '-
n        OF FUELS FORv.THE   »
-"' 7 ;'-".'■       -GIRL ESCAPES JAIL
,' Magistrate Sanders, of Calgary,* took
t_i«^6--iew_-'a"t''-r-unusu'al"J'courie'' r'ecent-
ly^of changing the sentence of Bertha
Thomas,- convicted of vagrancy, from
one.of two months.' imprisonment, at
the"*barracks to'a fine of $20 and costs.
'     '     _X   v --- .      -
'ADVISE'! EMPLOYEES;?       -~r~^>
Newark   Firm   Encloses   Letters.
-i "Instruction';, in Pay Envelopes-
.' To Be Prosecuted
'An , instance of- the' frequently re-
sorted to practice' of' "pay jjnyel6pe_
campaigning" to "persuade" employes
to cast their votes;in-the interest of
their employers, was brought to" ight
in Newark, N." J.,,' recently By -* City
Counsel James R. -Nugent.  As a re-
•Dr. Joseph A. Holmes', director of
the United-States,Bureau of Mines in
his forthcoming annual report, relating to the practice at Pittsburgh testing station iri analyzing and testing
of fuels, says: _      ,        - v \
*.- ,A large, part of the coal used by thb
government for its power plants; public buildings, and naval stations is
purchased under contracts that specify
the ash' and moisture content and the
heating value'of,the coal. The price
paid ttie contractors who supply the
coal thus purchased is determined by
the analysis of samples taken from
deliveries-made under each contract.
The collection'6f the sariiples is done
by or under-Instructions, from tlie
Bureau of-Mines, and the analysis and
testing of these samples is an important part of the work' of the bureau iri
determining'-'whether the' quality of
the coal is up to "the fixed standard
and if it is not, in fixing the reduction
in price' to be paid in proportion to
the lower, value of the, coal. .    '.
The samples are'collected wherever
coal purchased- urider contract is being delivered to-the government..They
buildings in the District of Columbia;
or at public, buildings, naval stations
and army posts .in many parts of the
United-States, arid also the deliveries
made at ttie great coal shipping ports,
as New York and Norfolk, where "coat
is being delivered for the use of.the
navy or of the Panama Railway Com?
pany. "     ''■_.""'".       •   "   ,   .'
In.thetflscal year 1910-11 the purr
chases of-coal by the government under specifications providing for payment according,to the quality of coal
delivered amounted to approximately'
1,091,"400.-tons, costing $3,084,800,' notwithstanding the fact that ttie, general
plan-Is, to apply this method of purchasing only to contracts of such size
as' warrant. sampling,, analysis, and
heating-value tests. ,
- The specifications applying to the
purchase of coal for use on the battle-"
ships and naval vessels are somewhat
different. Tlie mines from which it
is proposed to procure coal "are visited, samples are taken. in' the, mines,
and these' samples are analyzed.' In
making contracts the coal from a mine
or "mines is specified. . On delivery
the coal is sampled and tested. -. These
tests show whether the contractor
has hipped coal from the specified
mine or mines. \ If the samples of
coa^l as delivered indicate coal inferior
in quality to that expected, shipments
from the mines specified are no longer
accepted. Coal purchased under
specifications of this nature and used
on naval vessels amounted in round
numbers to 750,000 tons during the fiscal year, 1910-11. . -      _
In the collection of samples a definite scheme of procedure is followed.
The number ot samples-taken from
any given delivery of • coal is dependent on the size of that delivery, and
every practicable precaution is observed to insure that the samples fairly represent the- coal delivered. The
gross samples taken" are reduced by
crushing, mixing, 'and, quartering to
samples that weigh about two pounds.
These are sealed .{n air-tight containers and are sent.by mail to"the laboratory, of the Bureau of Mines in
Most- of the samples analyzed and
tested'for heating value at the.Washington laboratory represented coal purchased under- specifications that provide for payment according to tne
quality of the delivered coal.
Analyses of mine samples are gen-'
erally made in the laboratory at. Pittsburgh.' Methods used, in the bureau's
laboratories; are7substantially those
that jwere"' adopted at the government
.fuel.testing 'plant at'St. Louis in 1904,
with suchv modifications and changes
as experience has shown advisable,
and are believed to,, embody the essential details,.of,, the, methods generally
recognized as. best. 'During the fiscal
year ended'June','30, 1911, 8,230 samples-were received, and analyzed'by
oratory.y   .7 .--'Vy,
\ To determine the award of a particular.'contract* or to. adA'ise other bu.
'reaus arid-departments'; of the government how a-particuiar coal can be
from grape Cream of Tar~
tars absolutely free from alum*
_■. v
For   sixty years  American   housewives have found Dr. Price's Cream
Baking Powder a guarantee of light,
pure and wholesome food.
utilized to best advantage, or to ascertain what kind of coal can be burned
most efficiently in a particular type of
furnace.-it Is necessaryforthe bureau
to occasionally conduct or co-operate
in steaming tests of coals. , These
tests are conducted at the Pittsburgh
experiment, station, as government
ships on which it is proposed to use
such coal. ■ >        ,."
*■    '.'.''  INDUSTRIAL-UNREST.
- LONDON, May 20.—In an ad'dress.to
ttie Salisbury Diocesan Synod the Bishop of Salisbury, Dr. Ridgeway, speaking of industrial unrest, said: ■;
The real blame lies at the door of
most of us, certainly at the door of
modern   society.     The   idolatry   of
money and luxury for which it is conspicuous, the rreckless   extravagance,
the demand, not confjned to,one section-of society,-for a more" and more
"sofrWd-selPlndulgent life,, -the absurdly high standard of -entertaining,
the impression given to tho masses
from highly colored descriptions    of
fashionable" "society that this Is
inevitable comparison and contrast
with tlieir own circumstances—all this
has done its deadly work.
It has not fyily created what might
be a divine discontent. It has raised
passions which cannot be easily quelled It has led Hie poor to despise1 thb
rich, and yet with curious inebnsisteu-
cy.,to try tb imitate them.
li *    *    - .
. - Calgary, Alberta, July 8," 1911*
. 1 was'a great suffe.er for a. lo.?
time with-Biliousness, Sick Headache
and Liver trouble. . I had almost given up in despair when I decided to try.
After taking about half a box the Head
aches stopped*ran'd * my appetite improved. I have-just finished the fifth
box arid, feel as' w__.lljisfiyeL--Jtsa.n_
heartily , recommend , Kig   Pills-'. for ,
stomach  * and    liver ■ troubles)—Mrs?'
Mary Ellson. ■'
Sold at all dealers"in 25 and" !_0"cent
the I boxen or mailed by ThoPig^PHl Co.,
normal life of prosperous people; and | St. Thomas, Ont. ' A.-v.--.    -
r  '
The Freight Terminus of the O.P.E, and the Canadian Northern
Railway." .-,   ,
The clearing point of the Pacific Coast.
The city to fill a need.
The city possessing more natural advantages and commercial
possibilities than any other Pacific Coast port.,
A city where "Rail meets Sail," therefore a City of absolute
certainty of its future.
Picture its.splendid harbor, the finest in the world. The logical position as the gateway to tlio Oriont and tho Panama Canal for
half tho Continent bf North America and all Europe, standing as tho tho Terminus of 10,000 miles of railway lines as the Western out-
let of Canada's best cities.   PORT ALBERNI destined to bocomo tho commercial rival of Vancouver and its industrial superior.
A Fort with, an Average Depth, of 300 feet
Largo Residential Lots 83 x 133 and tho alloys ih the rear of all good drainage and unexcelled view.
Friee of .Lots $300 a. ixd $i5G
The Union Land Company, Limited,
$300 and $450
=_# .  -i, ->    -.   —'
' i^A^yy,
.'•'*• %lwM&ltij& J£&&tx'xy''
\-Published every Saturday morning al its-office,
.■"Pellat AvenueyFernie, B. 0. Subscription $1;00
: per year in advance.A An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Ad-
" yertisirig rates on application.; Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work.7 Mailorders receive-,special attention.
- Address all communications to The District Ledger.
,   . ,r    R.<P.<NERWICH, Editor. .
Telephone'No! 48. A-"    ; Post Office Box No. 380
PRIMITIVE man must, have been au'unhappy
and perplexed individual.    He was surrounded by natural forces*- that manifested themselves
both to his detriment and benefit.    Thunders pealed and lightnings flashed, splitting the' rock and
the patriarch of the forest, and killing his companion of the chase.   'Flood, fire and earthquake gave
their added testimony to the existence of an evil-
disposed power, alwuysonear, nevet; seen, whose awful omnipotence was beyond   mortal   conception.
He naturally ascribed these terrors to some powerful, malignant individual, in human shape (for lie
could conceive of no other man then, as now, making God in his own image) who took delight in caus
ing sorrow and distress to shivering mortals.    He
was the "evil one," who needed to be appeased by
bribes of good things to eat, and plenty of,them.
.Primitive man's idea of heavenly ecstasy,"being to
' gorge himself to repletion, he unconsciously endowed tlie figment of his brain with tastes that he him-
■   self possessed, and his conception of the attributes'
. of his deity was necessarily drawn from the source
.of all,his ideas—his own immediate environment.
"What he considered good was surely desirable to
his God.'.  . '*',.'
-   •: Other forces manifested themselves in an opposite direction.     The warmth of, tlie sun, the fruit-.
' fulness of the earth,' the cooling breeze,' the rain
'   refreshing the parched earth, and numberless other
agreeable effects could onlybe'-the results of.the
- activity of an opposite .nature'to that of the .evil
one." This deity had to be thanked, and when, a
period,of storm'and'famine gave w_iy to on« 162
mildness and plenty, what'more natural than , to
ascribe it to the,yictory of the Good One over the
Evil One?-, 'One was'to be prayed to'for success.ih
the chase or in war, and for protection ^against the
Evil One. The-latter had to be appeased by the
sacrifice of the most precious   of  ,his   primitive
- wealth, in-order that he might'be kept" in good
.^ temper.^ 1, ,   7    „,?•_,.    ' ■
Thus arose the ideas of God and the Devil,- found
ed oh man's ig-_ora__.ce._pf the laws.that govern the
forces of nature. - "     '•
' Every step takenJiy. man along the pathway of
knowledge has increased his skepticism as to'the
existenee*of a supernatural devil, who'was respon-
, aible tor the unhappiuess caused by flood drought,
famine, fire, earthquake or sickness. He has
learnt, in a.large and constantly increasing measure to,control many of these forces that were wont
•to 'strike him with terror ..and. direct forebodings
when they ran amok—or^at least to foretell their
coming, and by preparation .to minimise their, effects. Tlio science of meteorology tejls him when
to expect floods and drought."'. By strengthening
lho brinks of thc rivers ho minimises-the ravages
of tho former, by-building reservoirs nnd dams ho
stores up the water in time of plenty'to provide
against the timo of scarcity, or uses it to'turn the
desert into "a garden. The science of seismology
Is rapidly becoming an exact ono. It has discovered tho weak spots on the earth's crust, and has explained tho causes of earthquakes by a perfectly
natural pulling and'straining of the Rim.a in pro-
cess oC adjustment, and tho activity of /Volcanoes,
with nn understandable explanation of their causes,
.Flood and firo and lightning havo been chained
and .controlled, and made to perform in man's sor-
vice, and the ancient talc that they were tho manifestations of an evil supernatural power, let loose
to, p'ui.ish man for his transgressions, or in malignant spite, is Rmilcd at, and reserved as a tale to,
frighten littlo children into being good. ,
Tho veil that hid tho unknown has boon torn axidn
nn'd tho terrors that woro inspired by tho very existence nf ihe unknown have been brushed aside
with it.
Tn tho samo way he lias discarded iho idea of n.
be-nefifiip.it Ruperrmtural deity who wnn liiH frionrl
nnd protector, nnd tlio onomy of tho Evil One. Ob-
Korvulion of tho effects of his own activity on tho
mntorinlN Niipplied him by nature hns shown him
that mnny of tho rcHul.R obtained nro superior to
whnt lio hnd previously considered tho gifts o. n
good spirit, AVith the growth of his knowledge and
undorsnnding of nnturnl laws lie cnn porform won-
dors of erontion, thnt, in spite of tho Bible, "mid
cubits to his stature" nnd multiply his strength a
thousand-fold. Hy pressing n button he onn provide or deny light, nnd heat lo UiounhtkIm of his
kind.    By pulling a lever he can net in motion
w-mitlv w^l'imiu "Ma n*H'Yi oroniinii thn* perform
the work of n !.(.«•*.. Timo i.r,.'*. AWnuoo ho hn«
annihilated, continent., and necmiN arc mndo to
serve his owls, th<» empire of the air i* wirrendering
to his num..ill h, and the henvenH he Hcnnu with his
toloacnwq •.pnrohinf' thf-ir innermost TPco««tos. olnHR-1
ifying, tubulning, weighing thc planets, following
them in their pnths, predicting their coming nnd
going in perfect understanding of the lnws thnt
govern them in their movements. And in it all he
finds no God superior lo himself. He hns found
thnt nl) things, animate nnd inanimate, but himself,
nrfl tho blind *nhjwfs of niliirnl f/.w><t,     TTo nhrno
ence to inexorable cosmic laws of birth; growth and
decay in ah eternal cj'cle.;of change, in utter di;-
regard of puny, humanity;1' .Thb" light of scientific
research lias been; turned on tlie dark places, y*-.   .
*'* Supernatural religion has lost its .hold !o_x'"tin
masses.     Priest'and parson . see   their,,influence
dwindling and the ruling^ classes are corresponding;
ly uneasy at the growing? independence of thought
among their subjects.    .The . "Divine 'RightU "of
kings of all. descriptions.i.whether-they tyrof dy-'
nasty, or of mine,*rail and soil, is,being seen in its'
proper light as but the might of the strong to oppress the weak.     The spell of creeds and litanies
is vanishing, and the1 disinherited are getting ready
to measure their might against "that of the Lord's
anointed.    The churches, handmaidens of the rul-
era, nl_^| fl*. hens.that have hatched^1^^-~JZZ'3l*
ducklings, beating the air1 and waking the echoes 	
with their cackling* of,reproachful distress at'the
unnatural perversity, of their erstwhile docile
wards, now manifesting an intention to strike out
for themselves.
Militias of Christ' and Forward Movements are
financed by the wealthy to combat the growing
tendency to independence of thought amongst the
hithertcthoughtless—but all in vain.
To compensate for the vanishing efficacy of the
superstitious chloroform, the rulers are strengthening their brutal forces of repession, preparing for
the day when their right'to rule and rob will be
definitely-challenged, by their victims. Cadet
corps, Boy Scouts and militias are being held up. to
the young and thoughtless clement of the working
class as holy and patriotic institutions for thc preservation and .protection of ,the God-ordained dispensation of capital and human slavery.    , A >'
"The dog'barks, but the moon sails.on."   , ^
/■Human society moves in obedience ilo'laws as,inflexible as those that govern .the movements' of .the
planets:   • Capitalist production has,chained the
.forces of nature and broken the chains of mental
enslavement.   ■ Cause .and effect obtain-as unceasingly and unerringly in'the brains, of the human
race and in human institutions as in* the heavens.*
The modern working class is fast beginning to realize that the Titanic forces of modern machinery are
the product of its'brain and hand,' responsive to its
slightest touch, and that knowledge has engendered in its collective brain" a growing confidence in its
collective power and irrssistible might.   . It no
longer looks to heavens of brass for a supernatural
saviour or to the classes "above it for a Moses to lead
it out "of the house of bondage,'but is becoming conscious of the strength that'resides within itself. ■ It
is growing in the knowledge that "he who, would
be.'free must himself strike the blow," and is equipping itself for the task that, lies before it—to put
the finishing, touches', to man's age-long struggle
with nature for/the'means'to'satisfy his physical
needs, by'wresting the marvellous machines of modern .wealth production, from the hands of .the few
and_pla"cingthemin"the'hands"of society.      .
Lecture jn Socialism
, (Continued from' page'l) "■:
bow. today t"ho;tlieory?of equal pppor-,
-.unities'-? for \ all under ■"; capitalism - Is
carried out it is surely better to leave
them, to the"enlightening -factor. _'of
practical experience,"?"',; "• ^. ."A*-"* A
■?-"Capital is the stbr&d-up product of
previous labor," and we believe Father
Donnelly is -quoting from the-.old
schoqlof' political economy. A-. Thisv"is
one: of the many" explanations offered
by those 7who would fiave-us believe
they are.so anxious to clear awj^y the
misunderstandings, of .Tt)iQ "Working?
class "movement? ' Iri order thaKthe
products.1 of'.-previous*'labor may-'become,, capital* they must perform" two
exploit present.labor, arid secondly. ).h"e
resulting product must realize -a profit. Wealth,; therefore,''only -June-
.tions as capital, or'to be more clear,
capital is. simply a condition under
which  wealth is used; and Marx says
that under-our present society wealth
consists of a vast accumulation of
commodities.  .The'production of commodities-is not simply for' the satisfaction of human wants, but lt is a
requisite of all commodities that they
must be of social utility before /tiny
can realize their value..   As a consequence the capitalist produces commodities for a specific purpose, that of
realizing'a' profit on them, and he
.stores,up what our friend calls "the
product, of .previous labor", .with the
definite object in view of getting a
profit out of some one.    Commodities
on the average exchange at their value! and it is evident that'by. exchanging equal values our friend the capital;
1st will not "be able to - add. to his
quantity* of ■"the stored" up-product of
labor."   '.Therfact that two capitalists
cheat one another on .the sale-'of commodities does^not in any,way.increase
the value of the.product of labor, and
the accumulation of capital, must-be
explained by. some'other method.-This
explanation yas supplied • by   Karl
Marx's analysis of surplus ■ value and
the' happy function of, tho worker .in
,th'is delightful process is now becoming better understood by the workers.
"We think it would have been well for
full understanding by ■ the .workers
of this theory-of the interpretation-of"
history, and why it is.that hie iB_well*
satisfied to be'neither.a-capitalist nor"
a. wage-earner.". ;'\ fj\,**" ■* 'V-;. AA:
.-L Father Donnelly, thetfshowed-how.itf
is hoped to stem the tide of revolutionary SocialismA.. -A'ty'."* ? '7V.■-',.* 7
,, .   ,   .;■_...--■,'- - .._y ■--.- *-- ii.
. It is interesting.-; To? oppose Socialism we place together {the family, and
religion—free love ";an4 'economic' determinism mean7;the* downfall of'the
Class Struggle.'y So?simple .it"may
have sounded-to his .critical (!) hear-'
ers; but we venture'to'say that-the1
speaker knows full .well' the'folly; of
such a contention: ""v.1 A-""-A'* AA"**'
"After dealing with so'irie questions
published in our last Issue, the replies
to'" which? we admit soirie' little "difficulty in- following, .".the * speaker^"con-
cli«ded and Invited \ questions.•.< No
questions being - • forthcoming,' a* vote
of thanks was-iaoved by'H. W..Herch-
mer, seconded by J. F.Rudnlskl, arid
the meeting adjourned witli the feeling amongst some, at least that the
question of Socialism wast now disposed of to their satisfaction. We hope
they are"now<in,a position to discuss'
the matter and If they are anxious to
get any literature' on, the subject we
would recommend them to see the Lit
erature Agent of the Socialist _=|arty
in Fernio.      . •  " A-" ■'
Get a Water Motor Washer
; ;and Be Happy a
• ■*',-' ■-■    *. .. -    -,.- ■    ° -  ',.
■By J.,W. Bennett
the* speaker to have explained to~the-
audience' this outstanding theory •"of
Karl Marx, "as there were many amongst-Wi hearers who hadnever taken
the trouble 'to? look into the* question,
and, were ttieffefore not qualified tb
question .hiin .on economic theories.",
-* Materialistic Conception of "History. *
. The worst" aspect.of the^Socialist'
teaching after all is the materialistic
conception of history .wfiich the speaker ^felt-meant- the -'sweeping away^of
religion and-the' pjes'ent,ideas of,God.
.What a 'testimony to 'tne' strength of
religious Ideas,'but in-what way this
.disp_ose8_of7the_th€'or"y7of _th.ejnater.ial_.
a '"Then,1 with superstition and slavery behind--It.-its
feet for the frst time planted on the soil of freedom, humanity, will pass through the gates,of anew
dawn, and enter upon a period of achievement"!" for
which the toilsome passage through the jungles of
evolution, from cave to steel mill, has been the
cruel but necessary apprenticeship.      '
HP HE Dominion Government has now completed
its investigation' into tho coal areas of panada
with reference to their economic qualities, and he
roport of Dr. Porter who,has been conducing the
enquiry has beon published. From a careful peru-
snl of the document it. would appeal' that ,\vo arc
safe from a conl famine ns yet, and for many year's
to como. This will bo glad tidings to ihe general
public who believe in tho frequent prophesies1 fore-
lolling tlio exhaustion bf the conl supply oi! tho
world. The. enquiry just ^completed by tho authorities shows a stock of fuel that is practically
Canada possesses a number of coal fields which
may be grouped roughly into four great divisions,
threo of which arc of present importance:
Tho Maritime Provinces:
Nova Scotia and Now Brunswick—
Bituminous coal only ..3,500,000,000 tons ost'd.
Tho Central Plains and tho Eastern Rooky Mountains.—
Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alborta, British Columbia:   • '
Anthracite       400,000,000 tons cst'd.
Bituminous   30,000,000,000 torn, cst'd.
Suh-bituminous and lignite  .100,000,000,000 tons cut 'd
Tho Pacific Coast and tho Western Mountains:—0
British Columbia and the Yukon—   .
•Anti-melt-. .... '        60,000,000 torn, ent'd.
BiluminouK 40,000,000,000 ton*, ent'd.
Ignite      500,000,000 ton« ost'd.
Tho Arctlc-Mackenzio Basin:—
Lignite only      400,000.000 toni. cut'...
istic conception of. history as-being
incorrect we fail to' see.    As a result
of this teaching Father Donnelly would
have us believe* is developed the idea
of "free love," and in return we would
ask if the spread of prostitution is the'
result' of the religious or Idealistic interpretation  of history?      Here   'is
what Engels'says in regard to the materialist- conception of history:
- . "The ■ materialist conception of history starts from the proposition that
tlie production ,of the means to sup-
port human life and,' next to production, tho exchange'of things produced,
is tho basis of "all 'social structure;
that in every society that has appeared In history, thb manner In which
wealth is .distributed and society divided- into   clnsseB   or   ordors   ls   dependent  on what  ls  produced,  how'
It   lls    produced,    arid*"   how    tho
products nre exchanged'.     From this
point of vlow tho final causes of nil
social changes . and  political rovolu.
tlori's nre to bo sought,'not In men's
brains, not In men's bottor Insight Into
eternal truth nnd justice."    ("Soclnllsm; Utopian nnd Scientific".
Wo contend that tlio economic environment 1ms nn overwhelming influence on tlio Idoas.of all mon nnd tlio
correct undorfltrmdlng of tho theory
of economic determinism will explain
tho reasons why the parasites ot capl-
tajlsm do not look with favor on tlio
growing enlightenment of the working claBB. li will also explain -why
lt Is that well-meaning; mon llko Father Donnelly arc eo much afraid of the
Nowadays a trip,to the old country
is regarded   as,  somewhat commonplace because the'facilities of transportation have attained such a state
of perfection'thatrthe dread of bygone
days'has been-relegated to past history.    Nevertheless, each .ourney.has
an individuality all its own, i.e., while
generally there is similarity, yet there
is always a variety of detail. However',
before making a detailed description,
a few preliminary suggestions "should
riot'be'inopportune.    „       . ., .  '    .
••-.Firstly, as soon as the intending traveler'has decided upon the trip, the
ticket should be purchased, because
the earlier''tho application be made
for steamer reservation, the better the
quarters that will be' assigned,,whereas if delayed, one, must take whatever,
is;-left open. ; •■     -   y7   >'
.' In the latter part of November, last
year, Joseph Grafton, George "Vincent
and the writer applied to the' agent of
the C..P. R? hv-Fernie for transportation, when we were informed tliat. consequent • upon the great demand" by
those "going to spend ' Christmas-In
the homeland,- there were no reservations .'obtainable on the steamers- of
the C. P;,r;, and it was1'with difficult
ty that reservations were secured oh
the-Royal George, which-with its' siB-
7 '-The Home of Daylight Pictures ...
Friday & Saturday Program
7 *< Sherlock a^d V\(atso"   ;*
The first' appearanc.e .of'these mirth pro voting' pictures
" A -_.  ' A  '■''"? \„ in Fernie.   - "    ' '-_',._ -^ ,y
XyX; .•<B<^"*M_m'.Win^7 ;A'■'
'"■'   ' o,    . A, .    ••'Another--comedy 7-      7- >,    AV ,
..•The Woman inthe Case"
v   ■    '     *A     'Still another comedy ,    :
* ■*,'     *. ■* -i        I*      * '   ' \ **■'        ■*■"   A   j- 1
■"The! Siedge Warbler and C^
A V'-' ■--•   A   """' Educational* y "A:-       A-V   7
A'The Child s Fit-st Love;':
'"  A'1 ; .*   .    . '. A .    Drama'   ;,Aa*"* :    7 Ay
v < His Sidfe Pai^'A yA
1 -v
- 7
Wertern drama?
As far as personality is concerned, a proletarian
is no hotter equipped' than a ImnrRcoin.' That
whioh (liHtinguishcB him to his ailvantnjro from a
bourgcoif- is not duo lo him as an individual, but
ns a mombor of a definite oconomio clnss. Rnin_?
a member of tho waKe-workina claRH. of tho prnl...
tariat, hr> is left, by virtue of his peonomie. eondi-
tion, with no other inalienable property but his phy-
sionl and intellectual labor power. Thin stato of
things carries with it the growtuf? utulorHtandint.
of the fnct tliat his might and power are not due
to his own unaided individuality, but to hi* eoii-
ncction with tho labor power of his pln«s. The
proletarian is thu« taught by his economic conditions that he must uso his power as a soeinl one.
Hy thin int'iiiii. Vh. .loeoTtH'S .-hit.* <-..ni.-;i.m).—oonsc-
iom. nf the importance and powor of bin class in
Atlantic-fleet of'the Canadian'North-
■em."'-   • ,-, ,        \   ' ;       -  y\' y
After saying au revoir to a number
of' friends, who were at (the ' dep"ot' to
wish,us,"Bon-voyage," wV Interviewed the sleeping car conductor, put our
hand baggage into,the berth','and then
wandered-into the smoking room,
where we met some congenial acquaintances. ■ Time passed along pleasantly and after hearing the brakeman call
out "Frank!" turned in, -awakening
next'-moruing at Dunmoro Junction,
where, after a wait of about, an hour
along camo ' tho Imperial' Limited,"
which-we boarded.' Speeding along
we traversed tho Province bf .Alberta'
and by dusk were woll into tho .centre
of Saskatchewan. Owing'to an early
and ■ unexpected frost great damage
had been inflicted upon tho crops, and
thousands of bushels.of oats,'flax, otc,
wero loft on tho fields, only a small
portion of which wo wero Informed
could bo sayefl.
Looking bvoV tho' literature Issued
by both government and provincial authorities, that Is bolng scattered broadcast throughout tho United Kingdom,
no mention Is mado of thoso conditions, but coulour do rose is tlio tint
of all publications, with tho result
that when thOBO who have accepted tho
statements of tho bulletins as tho
truth and tho wholo truth, moot with
rovorsos, thoy naturally aro Inconucd
nnd do not fall to spread, tho nows
whereupon the proas- dubs them Boro-
hotidB. , -As ovory thlnklns Individual
(Continued on page G)
TrHigher Power
r '■   .7   -.. - -"- 'Drama- ■** "Ay ;-"'
Engagement Extraordinary
-    The Beautiful lind World Renowned"   .„
Actress,?ASTA NIELSON-in'tlie, A   >.
- A story, of the/lownward path of a boauti.ul
A. woman-from affuont circumstances to tho
A y    V* v - lbwdst depths-'of dog'redation.   A'
Wednesday '<&  Thursekiy
;a, 29th:' ';.y.'     ".. ,A3„pth;
Our orchestra plays all the latest hits
Free to Lady Patrons- - Beautiful" Silver Spoon
Por two coupons, issued Tues., Thurs., & Sat. Matinoo
See our "Special Sunday" Program
The Quail. Electric Co., Ltd.
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1 ' I
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Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
is n1)le U\ look lliefio miiclity powers in tlio Utvc, 1m>ik1 1 w-ifly. Tt _b wot iHffJeinlt lo wnli-rMauil tbat Uio
thrai t*» hU will, llr- U* AUmverrt} tlmt tin* nwi-! So«-I«li»*« nim follow from Ori* plft««-cont<>iomnc_i«.
versf U on* nrwl Hi*r»u.lt yiflilinK imi»li.'!t :*h ... I-The Prolotarian Metliod, Eufrenr Did^on;
H«<! 08e«
Cranbrook, B.C.
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Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
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ii .	
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Try The Ledger For Job Work 7:., „y. \'\- ..';_
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(The following' was.received' too.late
■for' publication .in .'.our last, weelc's
' 'issue); v,y>-"-.- ". 7_ -"Ai "-\'. 7'y"
Mr. W.;,T.'>Watsonris in^town yiplt-
'tag', hits broti_er,;S:: J. Watson ' ^ .-'•
,; Mr^andtrTMrs.-Heaven^ have moved
from Letjibrldge andlare making their
home .in. Prank, *• ' 77,,,=,*-' AA
; 7 Mr .and, Mrs? '<Fowler;?'of "Passburg,
7   spent Monday in town visiting friends.
- ,*, Miss Eastman, of Coleman,** was In
town over-Sunday, the guest of Miss
Blais.V-*.  y-. S-    y   A'
yy A dance was glven'at the Sanatorium last'Friday night and was well
attended by folks from here and neigh-
"   boring towns. '•_,. .«.
... . .The License Commissioners' for the
Province _ of Alberta met at the Sanatorium on Friday night last, the-business of the evening was to examine
the' applications for,' the renewal*, of
"-• licenses in Crow's. Nest. Pass. -    The
- Sanatorium, the Ilmperlal'Hotel, the
._   Frank Hotel, and tHe Frank Wine and
Spirit Co. had'their licenses renewed,
, but the- Miners' Hotel will .have to
;. cease to.exlpt as far as the bar is con-
* cerned.   -^t was not through any fall-
7- J*te'on the part of Its management, but
owing to the fact that the hotel build?
- ing was not as' good - as required by
■ .law. >       y- ...   ^   ; o /:., ■■
7 -..Three special cars were' ln 'Frank
y. last* week-having brought about'two
,. dozen students' of McGill University,
A- Montreal, accompanied'by afew^'of
,,  tho professors. These "young men* havo
, been studying science all?the,year In
; their classes and are now being carried around to the "different    mining'
,   camps-to g;et practical'illustrations of
,'   their class Vork';   They have* been lip
,   Turtle'. Mountain and . examined  the
• North Peat .from which, the slide; is
".   predicted, this should give them' large
.scope for. exercising their knowledge
7. p? geology.and we may expect many
j   /theories to be* forthcoming-from^the
budding scientists A They also visited
; -   the mirieB? °y'>    ' :••    "   '
'. , Mr.iR." M6Gowan spent Monday and;
7, Tuesday in 'Macieod, where he was' act?
ing' a8, witness in the Willinsky mur-
S der \case., , During his ' absence the
i Bellevue. branch of the Crow'sVNest
^^Hardware was\ln charge of MrAc.
■" ' Patmore?'  A 7      '.  ,   ' ,.",
J TIME* T ,/»Tirn -_nfZmoti>mnru» i I
-^ 1 »-i *-- — —■   -*  vj-   -w*.— *^«H«*U*VA Vf~*~l<
in iUg
■s thefurhlture^department of theCrows
Nest Hardware Store. s -"•■"'
y   .The new town site Is now surveyed
sand when .a person walks, over It he
., finds that there is as.good, a towri_ite
■ as any' town in . the^PaBS can' boast
..of., 'Now (we will wntc'li't'he houses
'..move down there and later the'busl-
■ ,'ness part of the ;• town, and thou'fi'i
1 It may be, a few' months before every-
■'..thing Is In a'pjple pip,order, we,aro go-
7ing to havo 'a'town 'tliat will compare',
favorably .with any in the Pass.     .
Mrs. Lakotoz left.fdroMncleod on
Sunday night.' to be a witness in the
,- murder trlnl of Willinsky.'   ?
P. J. Nolan?'of Calgary,' was in.tow'n
'* last week. ".,   . A-,
** Tho;R.'N. W M P'h'avo moved tholr
barracks outside of tho danger' zone.
-  Thfl' new barracks arc noar tho smelter In the olirmotal company's office.
. Mr.and  Mrs.. Smltli, of -Hillorost,
were' visitors ln  towri on,,Saturday
evoning," and enjoyed   a   gnmo    ot
'., tennis. , .   .,-
t /
Rev. Lang, of ' Passburg,, passed
through from Llllo on Monday morning. ■ - ' „.-.-.
' Sam Shlng, our popular laundry man
oxpoctB to movo his staff of workers
and machinery to Hillcrest noxt Sat-
x iirday.i      "> ■"
A public mooting was hold ln Uio
i Minors' Hall at 7 o'clock on Sunday
evening with Abraham Brown In' tho
chair. Tho object of lho mooting was
to organlzo n co-oporatlvo - Btoro, a
largo numbor of mon woro prosont
who l>eonmo very interested ln tho
projoct.    •     '
Tho mooting wan addrontiod by Mr.
LnncnBtor, manngor of tho Fornlo Cooperative, during which tlmo ho
allowed tho advantaged tho mon had
to gain by owning tholr own Btoro, and
what co-oporatlor*. meant. A commit,
too was appointed to advocate the In*
otltuto and got mon Interested enough
to buy sharoo, Sharos to lo'sold at
1500 each.    Tho following woro ap-
> pointed on tho commlttoo: Jan. Ken-
nody (aocrotary of tho Union), Abraham Brown, Frank Wojr, Frank VoJ-
prava, William Bort, Mlko Lakiuta,
Wllllnm Jolly, Henry "Bias, Jamos
FlnlayBon. Tho location It not yot
doeldod definitely, but It will bo out-
aldo tho danger zono, probably In tho
now town. Tlio store Bhould bo a
groat thing for Frank, as well as tho
A.non ,e«pec.a.'y as it li itartlng up
juU A<> ilti _v>hu is rv.c«_..laK now life
and they _^m?toHhtak-there'isW?w_iy
of getting but'of it; A .We are!:nbi:Puri-°
tanlcalln our ways.of\th^n_jing^b_ii.:we,
feel7.it' Is .only? just ^tbfjeye^ingja'.to
have"-a ' day 'to" regai^'?.'.hlsyphysfcal
strength.'.', <Twoly|b.h'o__^^d_^fr_,oven;
days a .week' may -beValrighlt for fa
machlneybut even the animals "cannot
stand It, to say nothing "about*- a man.
7-Mr, 0. A?." Richardson, the'proprietor
of the .Frank Livery barn; got "a sudden call'away last1.-Friday.v 'I He, got
a. wire saying his* bro tlier.-. who jived
at Milwaukee' was'.dead. ;. Mr?- Richardson left on the (Flyer'.on Saturday
morning to attend'the funeral." ,-
An Interesting" runaway .took place
in- the suburbs of Frank last Friday,
when-Thompson's-horse,'-with a 'delivery wagon made a da.sh off the road
and ovor a ditch, which lt found to be
jtoo much of a thing to try all at once,
and fell Into It.' - The cause'bf fright
was a Plncher. Crek grey colored automobile, that, even after it.stopped
looke dso strange even a Blairmore delivery horse -would rather jump a
dltch.thah pas sit, „ The fall occurred
in the road leading from the Blairmore
Football field to the- smelter. In a
short tlmeone^Plncher Creeiclte was?
sitting-comfortably, on, the horse's
head, while the others, tried to unloosen buckles, when a'few tennis players
from the nearby "court appeared nmor?g
whom were* the.town's guardians of
education and morals, and showed'that
both were necessary; even under'the
strangest*" circumstances,l by applying-
themlo the occasion. '*' The horse was
soon-'on its feet and on/Its way rejoicing, ■- They sad' that one of Richardson's teams ran away, during the,
week, too, but really so 'many exciting
things happen in this town thai; no one
man can arrange'to see them" all..
, Jack MIller,"the.^wel.-known "teamster, the man who is. going to make'a
fortune when the new townsite. opens
iiPkinoylng people, into* town, has taken a job' ln the-mine; .-.he is" on night
shift and is looking'after the tracks.
Wedding bells again: ? That Frank'
peoplellove each other-after leaving
Frank' has' once ' again*' been' demonstrated. , "T]j_is"'__me by the marriage
of two of* Frank's popular.young people,-Mr? Mclntyre, .who. is working on
the C.P.R. here/to MissL. McDonald,
now. of -Blairmore,', but a;-few months
ago, a'resident'of this .town , A- ,; -
7 Mr," Acheson,' - the - ,C.' P.;" R.' car re- -
palrer, wentjto Crows" Nest'for a' trip
6n'.Monda____nlghtl'      '"^ ''  '
On*■ Wednesday morning. Rev. Wm.
T. -Young and J. DS, Barrett left for
.Macieod,' where they, will'attend.'the
annual district meeting of"the Methodist Church* *" -' ..' y 'A ,,
* Mr. Demourty who runs the store
'and-bakery, has purchased'Lang's.old
warehouse'which stood beside tho railroad track. He has moved.-it across
the track to the corner of Main Street,
whore lie is going to fit it up' for a
storo. •-  ' ..■'*■
. Joan Fernho, who works at Bellevue, employed himself during tho
strlko of. last week pulling down- the
old Sanatorium.-.    .,  '     -.      *,/"■-
A. Honamlca was In from. Michel
on. Monday.   ' '.,        <•'•',
The. Idoa of a .co-operative storo la
appalling to tho'pooplo of Frank, every
body bolng- enthusiastic ovor^lt tm<[
many have invested in, shares. '
.-TJie mines were idle up'here'on Saturday" and Monday." .A,A7*A._ .;'- "
...Saturday last being payday quite a
large number of Creekites were taking
in the sights at'Fernie! , The _ snap
pitching competition at-the'; Central
Hotel drew, a large numfier, of the
male element. We are pleased to report that the Creek'provided the first
and second prize winners, Peter Finch
and Jack Crone, respectively.     7
Mr..James Law,'of Fernie, was1 the
guest of Mr and Mrs. R. Hillsborough-
bn Saturday and Sunday. :
Mr. Aarron Black arrived here from
Lancashire, England, and has secured
a position as electrician. "        ■"'■-   ■
The Football Club Journeyed to
Bellevue on Saturday last to fulfil a*
League fixture, and although beaten
by ohegoal, yet they were not? disgraced, as they gave a good^ exhibition.
Let us hope they'll'do better against
Hosmer on Friday.  -      ;'- . . '■'
The'Board of Management of the
Coal Creek Club at their meeting on
Sunday Jast'declded.to get up sports
for'the chidlren on Victoria Day, May
24th., -With this end in viewc they, got
busy soliciting subscriptions, and the
residents have- responded: gallantly,
feo,. given good weather, we art- anticipating a.good,,time for t-.rj kiddies..
The Rev." Hugh Grant«was visiting
up' here on Monday. ,.''    '
Gilbert Watson .is * back' again- 'in
camp,™he havlng'b'een in Colemanre-
cently. * ..-.   .A
• Mr.- Lynch, .accompanied by his
children, sold out'and has. gone to the
coast to join his wife who went last
week.  - - *   .     **   -,-
" Mr an'd Mrs. Sam Clarke have .left
camp, for scenes and pastures new.
'-Mrs. Grued and son Davy have gone
back to their home in bonnle Scotland.«    '/ . •.',.. •* .*'-■ ;
There has been quite an influx of
strangers in this camp durlngthe last
two weeks,'mostiy of the foreign element. '     !• -     . ;„■ * .   .
The choir.at the Methodist Church
purpose giving • a;?musical service on
Sunday/evening next.-' y"      7
There'seems to be keen competition
amongst the members ■ of the : Fernie
YetefanB'.AssoclatlpnlJiDJhere7as_ to.
who can sell" the most tickets for their
smoking concert to be'.held in. the
Miners'^Hall on Friday evening next.
' A slight accident' befel ' Sylvester
Clear, a miner In No. i .East on Tuesday morning, he had the.misfortune to
gash his hand with an axe. ' • ",
Tho ondless haulage recently install--
ed at No. 1 East Mine seems tosgive
satisfaction.     "    ' •     n
(Continued.from page.4),. .-';-
That tho people of Frank aro In-
torottod in llio notes from tbo town Ib
ovldont.'by lho numbor of rubs the
oorroBpondoni got this pziBt weolc ow-
lng to tho fact that thoy did not ap
appoar In last woolen' Ibbuo, but what-
over may havo bocomo of thorn aftor,
mey got Into tbe mall box at tbe usual
tho kwB of CanA-ia provWo for one
day of r«Bt In tovon for evorr working
man, but Joca bo .w. It U. auolltu*.
quontlon. The writer knows of %
fireman and one -enitlnoer wbo work
12 hour* n day aevon dajrf fn the weak,'
4> + + +4> + -+ + <$, + + +.'«.
*♦' • • +
♦ '' ' ♦
■O + * + ♦ «>> + + + + ^ +
' Tlio work at the mines Is still vory
nine.., although tho gonoral improH*-
6lon Ib' that by tho beginning of June
thoy will'be In full swing,
Thoro has boon qulto n ntoady rain
for tlio last throo dnys and tho .armors, or liomoBteadorB, knocking around
town v/onr a broad smllo, thereat. All
outsldo work In and around tho olty la
laid off, nnd what with having patches
hero nnd patclios thoro of tlio street
railway going on, and most of tho'
streets torn up tit ono and tho samo
tlmo, pulosB you- havo a good pair of
wadom or a strong pair of logs, Ub a
hundrod to ono "(to ubo a turf phrase)
you will atlck fast nnd bocomo an
Egyptian mummy, or n rlog poddlo,' aB
a toMliriov to tho hJBt.nig capacity
of Uio clvlo fathors.
Tlio Rov. Father Bldault hn« boon
appolntod to tako clmrgo of tho out*
Blrlo mlHRlon, Including Tabor, Cout'os,
Diamond City, and tho Rov. Fathor La
Uobo lids arrived to talto up hU dutloa
In tills parish.
Jnmo. Mllliny haB returned homo nftor being In tho Clato Hospital i.*nco
JnnunrV 3rd, through having IiIb foot
cruflliod bo badly whilst at work In
tho mlno that It nocosaltatod amputation. Ho Is ablo to hop around on a
onitoli. and wo nro nil pl«f»Hod tn nt*
blm Amongst his rolatlvos again.
On Friday at noon a good many ot
thoso employed as common laborers
Trent on strike for an Incroaso of wages from 25c. to 2TV4c per hour, They
wero (old to wait until flvo o'clock for
an flnmvor, when thoy woro told If thoy
didn't like It they could have their
tlmo, as they could got lots of mon at
25 cents, Thero being practically no
.prgnnltallon amongst them, they had
to nccopt It K only the, minors would
atrH.0 uy. it would, pc-hapa, mako a
difference to this Winnipeg outfit
Tluiy bvuuCttMl to a h. wat «_.Umt U«l
yoar through the strike, and now this
year ll Is the same owing to work being (lull In the nines.
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^.-^ <!>♦<»_
<•"*■• '■'*•*,"•.,'        *>
■♦>   , HOSMER   NOTES.             O
♦ .    "Looker-on."       , •****> 4>
♦: ,',',♦
The.Hpsmer footballers paid a visit
to Fernio on Saturday Inst to play the
locals. After bolng 1—1 at half-time
the Fernie boys put on two more goals
eventually winning by 3 "goals, to 1,
lt..was-a good g'una und thousli tin?.
boys did not win tliey aro hoping to
turn tho tablos when Fornlo .visits
Hosmor. Thoy speak woll of tho.
Fernie club. "Thoy did not kick tho
ball Into touch when tliey woro winning." (Oh, stop kicking; or savo
It until tho noxt match I)
Cecil Singleton loft Hosmer on Monday on routo for tlio coast ,Ho ls
breaking tho Journey nt Crcston to
visit Mr and Mrs Edmund Balnbrldgo
and family, lato of Hosmor, who havo
a ranoh thoro,
Mrs. M. J, Qulnn and son, Nolson,
aro paying a vlalt to Mr and Mrs
llalph Smith.
Wm. Harrison and W. Partridge, ot
Conl Crook, woro' visiting Iiosmor on
Monday, ,
Mr. Frank Owon loft Hosmor on
Tuosday for Corbln, whoro, wo understand, ho Ib going to manage a butohor
buBlnoBB, Wo wfBh him tho .boat of
KianDEan-KEDnEQE — At tho
Catholic Church on Mnny 18th, Harry
Kohbcgo to Joannlo Kobbogo, both of
Now, you sports, don't forgot, wo aro
going to havo tho final for tho Lip-
hardt Cup on .Tune 8U1, at IToflmor, and
Judging by tho Interest that Is bolng
taken in it by tlio Juniors wo shnll
havo a record orowd,
Mrs. M, J, Qulnn nnd son left on
WodnoBday's passenger bound for Edmonton,
must realize that there is no district
that is free' from some drawback it
would be* far- more ■ sensible to give
both sides of tie medal, then the'newcomer would know what to expect?   "
. Boards of trade arid kindred organizations, are frequently so anxious to
boost their localities that they are often very "economical with the' truth,
and then If anyone comes out and fills
In the, omissions there is loud clamoring of "knocker," "grouch," and sundry other more or less complimentary
titles*. ' '    A
Owing to the train having lost con;
"slderable time there was only a halt
of 30 minutes in Winlnpeg, which af-
forded but scant opportunity for sight-
seeing., However, there Is one feature
that strikes the^stranger.and that is
the streets are,built very much on the
boulevard style, that ls wide and
roomy.   ...
' Once again we aro wheeling along
oyer the plains, and as the scenery ls
not particularly Interesting, acquaintanceships are made with fellow travelers, among whom"we find some who
like ourselves are booked on the Royal
George. °. .','   ..
'The'day spent in Montreal was not
conducive :'to sight seeing,, as if' was
both -cold.,and wet, "so after.a street
car.ride,and noting,*son.e**of the peculiarities of munncipal' administration,
such as moving picture shows and
shoe-shining parlors*"in full swing, but
barbers ..forbidden to "open, we went
back tb the magnificent C. P. R. depot,
tho Windsor Street Station, and resumed- the Interrupted journey.    .
At one of the stations in New Bruns-
wiskaffer,the* train had steamed but
the ' semaphore , was suddenly pulled
and upon backing down learned that
one of the. passengers .in attempting
to.bbard the moving train had stumbled off, fortunately receiving only "a
severe shaking,'and a few bbdy.bruls-
es-71 A~T>: .   X'-y. ■
It was late at night when we arrived
at Halifax,' but Having nearly two days
to wait here.the time passed pleasantly, wandering around, and? among other items of Interest, visited was' that'
black unit-of the Canadian'Navy, the
Nlobe, which1 met. with a mishap near,
Sable • IslandAthat' left the?, Atlantic
coast practically unprotected should a
J-oreigri power have decided .to, attack
Canada I-What a dreadful ,'contempla-,
tioarforTtneTpatf iotic~(! HCwiadliinBT
T9 those who enjoy delving into"the-
past this seaport at the'" pastern extremity, of.the Dominions-ill furnish
abundant nfaterial as it teems" with associations of the early occupancy c_
tho British, but as we wei:e, riot particularly' interested, our attention wns
turned more to "current events.
On the' afternoon of .Thursday, De'..
13lh, wo visited, the dock," produced
our baggage cheeks, trunks., etc., wore
carried ori board, the sleeping apart-
mont for the voyage'located, and.as
.wo'wore somewhat tired,. wly_iv the
steamer started on lief. Journey in Uio
woe-sma' hours, against the tide, wo
wore Bleeping the sleep of the Just. •
The next morning,'Frl'dny, every
pnBSonger wns up betimes. , The sen
wns us calm ns tlio proverbial, mil!-'
pond nnd the brilliant sun In tlio heavens presented a sight which-Is difficult" to describe. The first meal on
board wns well attended, and but few
vacant scrits noted, Then camo the
forming of those pleasant acqualntnn-
coRhlps which are so much moro rnjild*
iy mndo on bonrd a trnna-Atlnntlc iin-'
or,- and friendships formed which often stand tho tost of years, and confidences exchanged which ashore
would novor bo thought ef, Thore
Is somo Inoxpllcnblo attraction which
draws'people more closely together
whon thoy oro far from tlio ubuoI
hurry and btistlo of shore llfo,
Thoro had boon qulto a numbor of
croaking statements mado relative lo
tlio aoa-golng qualltloB of tho "lloynl
George.",and by somo she bad boon
dubbod the "Rolling George." Al-
luslon was mado to tho fact.that she
was originally lutondod for tho Modi-
tcrranoan sorvlco and that alio waB
not sultublo for tho moro stormy sons
mot with crossing tho Atlantic, but
for our own pnrt con Bay that wo
would not wish to havo a bottor ves-
b«1 upon which to travel than thin
woll apportioned and mngnlflcont, craft
of tho Canadian Northern. Thorn woro
two dnys In crossing whon tho dining
saloon looked an though lt bad boon
shot through, bocnuso of tho wide
bronchos noticed at the different tablos. This waa duo to tho fact that vory
hoavy beam winds and a choppy sea
created considerable dlstrosB nmong
thoao who woro crossing for tho first
tlmo, 1 Nevertheless among those wero
»!ftt  Iff.- ^f p,v* -flirt
BELtEVUE, Alberta
.Meals that taste'like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
, William  Evans,  Proprietor  ,.
Liquor Co.
; Wholesale Dealers in
u; Cigars    ■■
:Mail Orders receive
... prompt attention
One of the
The Frank Wine & Spirit Do;
.'./.     . A!. A   Wholesale Dealers in ,„
Wines, Liquors arid
■ "■/<'-,■ CIGARS^"' "' '"'     :'-:-
A '   Phone 83, Frank, Alta. -   .
We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware akd Furniture Stock
-*      ''       iii the Pass.    Everything in ,.
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Carpets and Rugs   .
Plumbing: and Heating.     Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
phone 7.   FRANK, Alta;
P.O. Box 90
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
■ '* , ,      ■  ..., 1,       ....
Importers of
and Dealers in
Domestic  Groceries
,'1       A ,.-",- -   "    A 7
Agents for Steamship Companies. ,,.       New Michel, B.C.
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
at avwitrvv ' Wl'*
Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
:Men's Furnishings    .
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &   Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc
Best   Goods    &±   Lowest   Prices
Al Let.*'
.Tnlin *Vnw»r«*-,.i..   .«■ r,.-,*..  out n> ttyn
houpltal, nnd to tnltlnf. tho nlr, nn flno I v/alloi'l nn uppoUt.. nnd hnnllh on \ittih
dny« ho U nblo to not about on hln
crutche», and wo hopo tlia tlmo won't
bo long boforo he will be ablo to throw
away tho -sticks,
Tho Honmur ntf1« (.Inn In bnnv
fitumplnir tho ground and Rotting their
rango In ordor for tho ensuing season.
Tho Iiosmor footballora hato been
fortunate to draw a byo In t'ho MuU
Cup and thoy nro drawn In tho semi,
final nt home. Now, Hosmer, make
from Halifax to Avomnouth. Tho
stewards In both tho dining room and
tlio sleeping apnrtmonts woro cxpir-il-
Irmly cour.coiiH, and with tho genlnl
onntnln tTnt-rlcnn thom tv«n -r. ».-<..-?
for complaint. The day previous to
Inndlng rejwrt was current ovor tho
ship that n stowaway had ben dlscor*
orod, but upon making Investigation It
was ascertained that a baby hud boon
born who will rejoice- In the name
hpronl.p'- ol Frederick , Harrison
fleorge as a baptismal cognomen—
Ian; KroderlrU for tbo doctor, Harrison foi
lho captain, and (Morge for tho shli.
Swvwal gentlemen In V-oralo
Saturday wen "plunging*'on the post    	
tlon of Coleman and Ikllevue at the J Wr William Matkenalo, wbo was u pa*
toltcu of esteem In tho Blmpo of a
monetary donation to tho mother,
vl'.ch wna most tlianlcfully nccoiitotl.
Thoro.woro the usual sports hold
nnd concerts glvon In both (lie Bouona
nnd third class quarters,' which . worn
Rvently onjoyod by all participants and
Koortly Bums of money contributor!
which woro equally divided botwoon
tho Boamon's Institutes of Halifax, N.
S, and Hristol England,,
Avonmouth was reached oarly on
the morning of Docombor 21st. Hnln
wno falling, nnd a gonoral "pea Houp"
uppoarnnco prevailed. Quito a crowd
woro awaiting tho arrival, and doubtless somo whom we notod on tho quay
wo/o mooting those with whom thoy
wero not woll acquainted as thore
woro Indications thnt somo arrangement had beon mado whoroby mutual
recognition could bo effoctod. The
most romnrkablo ono was a portly Individual bonrlng un his breast In largo
lollors ,   tho     hloroglyphlc     word
Onco ashore nil bnggngo was tuUcn
Into tho customs warohouso und plated alphabetically, bo that Individual.)
could much moro readily hnvo tholr
baggago chocked. This oporntlon
wnB moro or less of a porrunrtory nature, nnd then many hied thomuclves
to,the .elogrnph offlco »o notify frlonds
and relatives both of tholr safo arrl-
lui  a.   ItVM iLtt  luiljl HLtilLJ,   UiUM<  ill   Uii-
ff-rr-nt pnrlc of ltjij;b_.iJ a! u-lmj )„.,_-.
thny expected to roach their dcutlnn-
Great changoa hnvo taken plnco
within tho last few years at this lm-
ofeWilM.     nA.l'   .   „   1     ,11        t , «      jj t.
y.      t .-... y    *,    „#    !**.+ >.*     _|^t(.      U.fl^'.     ^\^»**W      1.1.J      »>       -
iMscomlng one of tho moBt ut>-t*-dato
landing plnces In Grunt l.rltnin. So
much has trnfflo IncronRcd thnt nn additional track will bo built between
Bristol and London to nccomodato tho
constantly growing business between
thoso points.
Aftor the usnal farowflls hnd hr*-fn
Let us know your wants.
All Orders Receive Our  Careful
Slater   Shoes
Wo liavo just (.poned our largo spring shipment,of of theso TamoiiH shoos and havo tho
host rango of .$4.50, .$5, and -$0 hIioom over
shown in ITosnior. 800 tho now stylos displayed this wook in south window.
A.   MXIXS   Sc   SON
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
Wc cater tn thc woyhingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-/ Proprietor
.,-.,. Lf .   1.. 1.   t      n.-i<.t*l   ^.vts.v  y,<**,
filled to repletion. Half an hour's
run brought us to tho ancient city
which during tho mlddlo ages enjoyed
tho reputation of being the second son-
port of Britain. Aftor finding quarters at the Hoyal Hotel on College
i.reon wo started out on a tour of In
spection, nnrl during the nhort Mny
tM  trains Ptmstantly tttcnnwl  Into  vlsltf-d many pint.•* of Intercut -which
ond of tbo football season.
Bcngor, and  several others, gave a
tho station carrying pnssengnr* to
ihclr destination. After a wait of
about two and a half houra along
nre found in and around tho southern
party of the _-.ii.-ty of Olou. ('-ier-.l-liv.
(To be Continued.)
Every eonvenlenee and eornfort, Just
Ilk* bilna *t home.   One block
from Pn*t Offir*.'   Ontr.
ally located
H. A. WILKES.   -   Proprietor
PELLAT AVe.    -    -    -     FERNIE. PAGE SIX
',/.;-,►--. .■' -'- ,.;y?y-"' ..yyyyy ... .-.'.v,..'-'', ^7^'/'*-.''^ ' ';.>■'
THB DI8TBI0IUSDOER, FKRNIE,  B. C, MAY 20,1018.    ..,■,,.,"■■ ~ .:,-;;.;: /..-..,. ;..:>7:?.7;ig;;M^<-'y---7a^'7;y7?:.7: 7- ..■"^.'y.T- M:-:..:-^.-.-'
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
S-ca.-.i Heated.
_Phono in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets. $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.- Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
'•  -    a."*V.-C   \o ,.
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.30 to 1;~*2 to 5.
,r Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
, '    ECKSTEIN & MacNElL
Barristers & Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
,;   Offices:  Eckstein Building,
' ■ ■ 7" Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe; Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
«\....,vv-, *„
-i-V \
* L,    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, ete.
The finest of .. Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks..
Cigar Store
 * , i -
Is Now Opened
_    ' """ "• . '
Clean, Cosy and very
7 . Inviting .
Just the place after the
. show or from,, the rink..
Fred. Armstrong
- ", Proprietor,-
Bar supplied with othe- best Wines,
Liquors nnd Cigars
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Ee»
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In such a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Egos, Fish, "Imporator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 60
A. McDougall, Mgr
i\       *       i ' '
Manufacturers of aiid Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber   -.
Send us your orders
, F!°mTOm'iiiia__«i_^^
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
R.    W.    WIDDOWSON.  A»»i_v*r »n«
Chemist, Box C 1108, No I boh, U. C.
Ohartte*:—Gold. Hltvor, _.«ail or Copper,
SI *»ch.     Oold-Htlver, or Hl.vflr-i.nu.,
,i.fc_.        k'».(.t.»   lv.    Vl-'-tJ   il.Vi.l-.l-. V.VA.,
cement, fireclay nnaly«a» on applicu-
tlon, The lfirr.e»t omtom anay office
in British Columbia.
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Evory person llkos to bo comfortable. Wo havo tho latest
design of steam heating apparatus in every room. Our menu
is the host. Wo guarantee satisfaction. Two blocks from 0.
V, It, I).pot. Old and now faces
New Michel, B, C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
M»m*b<*rs of the Victoria "Real
Estate Exchange
Writ* tu for .__..on__j_t.o_t about
homes and inveitmenU In victoria
P. 0, Bos WO
(far, Fort ftj.fl Quad™ SstrwM .
hotel Michel
Michel, B.C.
*-ip/\7-rr> V'JTjj s*rr#|M
Lighted with Tungsten Lamps
Ostermoer Mattresses
Clean Linen
Pura Pood
Rates  tj&t-o per day
W. L F01SY  -   Manager
. A" great war is ,now ■ raging in'the
minds of'the American - people.. '..In
fact it might be said tljat there are
two great wars' being, waged. , But
they are so closely interlaced that the
nature' ia often. lost sight of. Yet
while, this ,fight ;'has a dual nature
its ultimate" aim ..viewed." from either
angle Is "freedom and the right of the
people to 'rule." This great "fight
is for political aad industrial freedom.
So closely; allied are the political and
industrial conditions ot a country that
whatever "effects one will of necessity
effect the other. » ' Eor many* years,
the industrial conditions other than as
they effected the balance of trade had
<t - *
been given very little or no consideration. The wages received and ihe
hours of' labor required' of the wage
earner was not considered to be of
public concern. The wage earner and
the employer should settle that matter
themselves and .the public through
laws should pot attempt., to deprive
them of the right to have their labor
performed at as cheap a,cost as possible. It was an infringement on
the personal rights of citizens.   „
Laws.were passed which allowed investors to incorporate and combine
their wealth. This, method of carrying on business was so successful that
within a very few' years the greater
volume of business was being conducted in ■ this manner. The individual laborer was in this manner' removed.'from the individual employer
and while technically the employe had
.the right to individually- contract'his
labor it became.a one-sided contract
in which the employer fixed the wage
and hours, of employment and the employe could accept or . remain idle.
Pattering after their employers the
employes began to realize that they
too were entitled to form associations
tb protect their, only commodity of
sale, their labor. Accordingly labor
organizations sprang up. ' It' took
many,years, for the general public to
realize that the employe had the same
right' to organize* as the.,employer.
Arid even, in this' enlighted age we
find many persons whonw6'uld deny
.this right.. It can be safely stated,
however," that the majority of the people of .today recognize-this right. The
bringing •• together, of the employes
through their' unions has brought
tlieiri to'a realization of their'needs
politically. .-.' Great accumulations of
wealth arbitarily used has awakened
the public conscience. It has brought
the" people to realize that the powers
that-crush labor "through political and
Long Hours and Starvation In English
.^Business Houses
'"'.,■ *i, * ....:'    "K"*",vl' ■-,..-...:'-.     -
Peaceful ;Solution'Un||k"elyA7 A      @U___j_Pi _H s
1   .,   . Passburg,. Alta.,-, May? 13th.:
To the Editor;'District Ledger.'?'; ,-•."'••*'
Dear Sir,—The many years tlie'liv*
ing-in system-has'been'in -vogue'" and
that has been /allowed to*', pass unnoticed by the public is a disgrace-to^humanity.* f -. r' am'. writing as one <who
•knows, 7as* I have spent eleven; years
with .one of .the largest companies in'
England., 'Most of.the store1 men and
women sleep'and eat'over,thevstores;'
young girls standing on their feet so
many hours  suffering' from  indigestion, varicose- veins,1, anaemia,, hands
and feet swollen with .chilblains,* aid
the "food |n most of these stores not-
being fit to eat.-'   Breakfast   at-   8'
o'clock, dry bread and scrape (cheap
butter) perhaps two, hard boiled eggs
(with more chicken than egg), sometimes only bread'and scrape.    Dinner
fronrl2 till 1,-, three parties, allowing"
twenty minutes for each party.    Din-,
ner consists of frozen mutton,'"perhaps
costing only a" few cents' per pound,
potatoes and sometimes cabbage,--with
a  few- boiled '"caterpillers;? occasionally a little rice pudding or boiled pudding.     Tea at* 4.30, most .likely only
bread and scrape.    You' might get a
little cake* to relieve ,the monotony;
sometimes a little cheap jam.     Sup-'
per after the store is closed, about 8
o'clock, and if yau are late you will,
not  get any.      Supper consists    of
bread arid scrape and cheese'and a
glass of,milk, or coffee; some houses
allow one glass of beer. y-,s-"
A young lady must'have a good reference, be a good salewomari, good
stockkeeper, good appearance and,obliging. Now,' I will give" you a ,11st of
fines. , If.you are not, iri the store' by
8.30 you will be fined threepence; if
you make a mistake in your bill "and
charge a custoiner too' much, -threepence'; if you,charge riot.enough, sixpence ; if your day book is riot reckoned right, twopence fine; if you get
ithree swop "lines*lri one day you are
'liable'- ^b he 'discharged at a minutes'
notice. •' Swop lines means if you <,:>i_-
not suit a, customer. If a customer
comes in late you must serve her; !f
'• a> keeps'"you two hours nothing ,-_i
said about that, you gets no extra pay
and I will tell you that most of the
women customers ln England are very.,
trying to serve, and a great many of
them speak jto the girls' as though they
were slaves?"'- "' '' ' / *
•' "Most "of the stores you must be in
by'10.o'clock; lights out at 10.30.   If
A WINNIPEG,-, May . 14.^anada7 for
Canadian workmen..'Thisfisvthe^cry'i
of' Canadian Northern 'traihme_L"?iri - regard .to. the "opefatioiAof * theftrairis
of,.,the*C. N. R., 7from.>Wlnnipe^tp'
Emerson by,.AmericanAtndiiscrews,**
employed by the Great Northern.^ The
men assert- thaf'th© Canadian, Nor tl.-''
era. is not bonused"*by'the','gbverhirient
to be'operated by Americans'and have
decided that unless their demands are
acceded to they,will seet.to^force.the'1
company into submission,by [means of
a strike. « -y.'SS ■ i^''-'/*?':iV ?Al-
- It is understood that "officials of the
Canadian Northern are ready to'cbme
to terms with the'men, but the trouble
it is said lies with the officials^of the;
Great Northern, who declared that" by
reason" of the treaty between- the "Unit
ed' States and Canada-'that they";have
a legal right to operate crews on this
side of the line. At Ottawa no such1
treaty exists, anil "that .in'operating
their .crews the American companies
are' violating the laws* of this country.
Trains Are Stopped
OTTAWA,- Ont., May?, 14.—The government after council this morning issued an order on the recommendation
of Hon. R7 Rogers to prevent the op-"
eration of trajns on th^'C.-N. R, line
from the boundary to Winnipeg, pending the decision in regard to the.run-
ning of the Great Northern (Midland)
trains- in Canadian territory with
American crews. This action Is taken
under/the law which provides for the
approval by the railway^ commission
and governor in,council of operating
agreements between companies. ;
Agreements between the C7 N. R;
and Midland,was*not so approved. An
effort by the C.N.R. to affect new arrangements with the Midland to "overcome' the difficulty as-tb the-crews
proved unavailing. 7 A   - .-*"
'.I J-.l
IN, .    .
F_etty* Officers .and Men Considering
* .Formation of Trades .Union—
' Breach of Regulations
"induSTrial conditlblis^^e~i;he~"^ame"
powers that .would.crush the people
through political' conditions. ■ The people as a .whole'.are crushed by tbe
one means?      The wage earners' by
two.     That the individuals and same
forces that would deprive the wage
earners of their hlre^and conditions
of labor are the same as would deprive the public of the right to make
their - own  laws is demonstrated hy
their opposition to all progressive* legislation. .. The stand taken by the
great captains of industry against the
primary election laws, tho initiative
and referendum, the right of recall
and all laws that would placo the
powor of government ln the hands of
tho people have caused tho people to
ask who are these parties,' and invariably it is proven that thoy aro the
samo parties who aro uncompromisingly, opposed to the organization of
labor.     This war must contlnuo to
wago until Justice Is secured for all.
The organized wage earner must realize that ln order to socuro justice for
himself both Industrially and politically he must tako an active Interest ln
primary aB well as general elections.
IIo can not succeed without, his organization and his success will bo
much moro Hocuro when hlB organization Is fortified by representatives
in our legislative departments of govornmont who will stand for'justlco and
tho rights|of tho pooplo..   The man
who opposes political progross is no
friend of industrial progress,     Tho
nmn who would deprive tho people
of    tho ' powor    of     government
would deprive tho wago earner of tho
right to organize.    Tho political and
Industrial conditions nro so elbsoly Interwoven that iho wage earnors can
not nffurd lo Ignoro politics,   Nor can
tho genornl public afford to Ignore the
great powor nnd Influence of lnbor
organizations In tho propor solution
of tho questions of tho day,
'^WINNIPEG, May». 15.—R. S. Ward,
secretary-treasurer' 6f the International Association of Machinists, returned
yesterday frbm.a two weeks' trip over
the G. T. -P.,- visiting all points where
there were'men on strike. He says
that the,men .are standing firmly, and
that the support that they are receiving from their brethren on other roads
is better „thair ever it had been since
the strike' was declared on October
10, 1911.-"-" 7 , "'     .   "'  ' ■
BIG_ LONDON, DAILIES,-.;*.    -7     7
A*     ARE AJVIALGAMATED-r  '.,./."
.,     ...'■»   .*■*•<    "V" '*'\'V.': " ^: ''
LONDON. May 14-^According to
ihe Dally Chronicle, thc present unrest
among the sailors in tho British navy
ls due to dissatisfaction with the conditions of the-service, and especially
in reference to"p*y end punishment.*.
This .complaint has become so* acute
that '-petty,, officers and , men In ?;the
service, are contemplating a breach of
the King's regulations by, forming
themselves into a' trades union. The
writer, makes a lorigstatement iri this-
connection, which the paper prints
conspicuously. ' He says it is time for
the nation''and the naval-authorities
to realize that; if'the admiralty .does
not start" immediately to.reform the
legitimate grievances of these 100,000
men, or if the country does not-compel
the' authorities-to'"'measure Aout, at
least justice, the rank and file of the
navy-.- will .form 'an association -'which
will be strong enough to demand; redress '- by' methods with. which: the in-'
dustrial history of the last year or two'
has "made the. country painfully -fa-'
miliar.     - '"*. 7- *     * *. '
"7, LONDON.May. 20.'—The Dally News**-
and ,the Morning ''Leader make their ,
first appearance today, as one paper,
under*-the title of the Daily .?*.ews ami
Leader.  . In "a leading article  ex;"
plaining the events leading   to  .the .
union,,the editor admits the two pap-*
ers; had  been 'wasteful "and ,unpro-   .
ductive. , He goes on: "Although both
championed the same causer-appealed
to the same community, and aimed, at
the same' ends, the force of their attack-has been weakened by the com-  -
pet'itlve struggle th'at^has' been main--
'tainei?. . . "   '"'   7AC A- A A
During   the    Chicago , pressmen's
strike any one bf the 1,700 members .;
of the'Chicago Electrical Workers'un-  '<
ion who' buys a scab paper during the ,
newspaper strike will.be flned|25 for.'.?
each offense. ■ ,.The 'organization also '-
decided "that all members of.the union
who are employed by any of tho non-,
union .newspapers,.will be .called out'y
ou a sympathetic 'strike/just* as soon
as.the big'typographical union votes,-
to walk out. ..'    \ -      .,..?.,'    ..
Mrs. ¥. Augustus Holnro Rushed Off
to see Baby's New Teeth
NHW YOIIK, May 14—I)ropplng hor
jewel caso, which smashed, Hcntlering
$100,000 worth of diamonds and poarln
YflHtorrttiy, Mrs. V. A..p.Rt.ii. ...Mri7«\
wife of tho copper mnRnnto, disdained
to stop long enough to pick them up.
Sho left that task to her mother
and daughter while she rushed to
ht>r tin-mo fn >mv thn two tnntti "tor
baby, eight months old, bad cut while
the mother was away.
Mrs. Hclnzo was quite unruffled by
the smashing of tho box, saying the
had "hit the wheel" at a Maderla
gambling palaoo and had won 1*1,000.
a"lighT"i_rseen~i_ryour fbonTafter thaf
time, or if you are five'minutes late
getting in, sixpence fine;' if the housekeeper will_not answer,the door and
,cu are shut out all .night, two shillings fins and. most likely be discharged.   *,'       ,,       .,    .    *
Now, remember, these fines aro not
taken from ,your salary,*"• but off commission. '. In some stores you get
commission, so much In the pound;
some st'bros give premiums. You
might sell an article worth sixpence
and get a half-penny,* or It might be an
article worth thirty shillings, and thon
you got a shilling, .It is nine years
slnco I left England, but I do not think
things have improved. t I was moro
lucky than most of tho girls, as I was
a buyer, for soveral years. - Tho buy-
ore get a pretty fair salary and travel
quite a bit, but whero, thoro Ib <ono
woman buyer there are hundrodB that
are not.
I think that all stoves should bo
closed not later than 6 o'clock, as I
am sure that customers can find tlmo
to do their, shopping between the
hours of 8 o'clock jn tho morning and
G o'clock In the evening. All companies should bo fined if found with thoir
doors opeu after that time and no assistant should he allowed to stay in
serving customers fifteen minutes aftor tlmo. I have soen managers and
shopwalkers keep thb store open two
hourB aftor closing time to soo how
mnny moro customers thoy could got.
Tho sanitation and ventilation Is
bad and poorly heated stores need
much attention, I havo soen ln a
gront many. stores whoro tho only
baths tho assistants would got is a
jug of warm water onco a weok, and
batho in a basin. Somo of tho stores
nro not so had, but thoy nil need attention.
There Is a shop assistants' union,
but that Is tho samo as-evory other
union, Thoro aro a groat many afraid
to belong to it as they might lose their
Job, There is only one wny, mon
nml women, hold together nnd fight
for ono cause,        ;
Why ls a civilized country shutting
its eyes to all theso things going on.
Is thoro no romody?
Tho writer Is ono of thORo who .bollovo tlmt moro aud moro will the
third pnrty (iho wholo pooplo), ns It
Ixcomes acquainted   with   tlio   true.
• _>vU( _-.a«tn tiftit .uttiiu; t/v K'«<!M tM"
r.hnji nr.-l.l_ii!.-.. J hvifv iiu- Uj-jc .4-
not far off whon womrn will bo allow-
od n voire ns wpII as men. aa women
_.«_ things In n different light to men.
I sco tho government Is passing a
,_*!•    *...*   .* . .f. .^.U^VA.  V_.   U_t-.<_.   I.1...^'...    tub**-.,
for meals, Tho government should
afcollsh the llvlng-ln system or soo
that tho food Is fit to eat Britons
n«ver, never shall be slaves! What
are tbey to-day?
Yours truly,
A Flash of
Is just
as  likely  to  strlko
house of tho uninsured
-   man as that of his moro prudent neighbor..'   No building
is Immune.' i
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a lightning
clause attached to tho policy.
Then you needn't worry every
timo thero is a thunderstorm,
lumber for all?
es;7 ■
Sole Agent for Pernio
here, at .any time'and in..any
quanity., ' -. You " cannot. swamp
us'witl_.,a,*.,large order, or.give"
us* so small a ono that wo will
nQt__atten___to.it.  --
...for any .kind of; building you
may be, at work upon; -.. Have1
',  usf.send- you. what.,-you  want
.. when you want Jt.
A-Tftrdlni. to tvptirtH, unlm-ilut* «ll
over tho Dominion nro giving their
support to the striking garment workers at Eaton's Toronto establishment
by refusing to purchasa their goods,
ud tlut tb* firm Is fw-Slcj; tbe effect
of lb*, boycott
A whole family of twelr« persona-
grandmother, father, mother and nttve
ebll(tr«a—bsv« wesnl.tod takWe* at
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000       REST, -   $^000,000
Every brand. •ITmt C__nad_an Baak tf CeauDnrc* Is aqulpped to fame draft* «_
tba pr-odM-l ctttt ta the faOoa-k* cmmMm «_tU__t delmv«
Ante „ MfT   .
ArrurtU* ■«•__■_ nM_Hk
Amltlm ttmyuf
Cn«M ,
The MMMat ef theso dnJLU ta staled ta tin
tbla | thai ta ther av* 4n*m% ta storitaf , tmmea,
lads. ro«Uei, ate., as tbmmtm Mfta TWs «
rvedve tlie tekmi amouat talsaJsiL
ef the oeuain* -wbere they *u» |nv
■■itii, Rm, towen, flotks, jwa,
mi Ihat Um mm abroad *•*«
L, A, 8. DACK, Manager-.
Hew It Cured Hli Wlfo'i
.  Had Sore. ■
Whtn Cvcrythlnt Else Had Tailed.
Rov. Henry J, Munton, of Black-
raids, AUa., writes: " My wlfo had a
very bad sore foot, which it scorned lm*
posslblo to got anything to heal. The
soro would heal to a certain point and
then fester again, and so on. I procured a box of Zam-Duk, and after persevering with this horbal halm for
some tlmo the soro was completely
" We woro so grateful for this cure,
and Zam-Duk acted, so differently lio
iny other of tho numerous romodlos
we had tried that I thought you ouuht
to Vnnw of thin run*. T hsvo alnoe
recommended Zam-Uuk to soveral of
li..   par.#ii(viue._., -Au*-. it 4.«.a.'« _.-.'«_■
Another Instance in which Zam-Duk
proved of unequalled value li told by
Ur, N, L. Oerry, ot Urandon, Man. Ho
says: " I had my left foot run over by a
-waggem _c._-i_«__ 'MHi. ".(-.wau kiu» iwt,
waa r*tf badly crashed, and my little
toe and the next toe were laid open. I
applied Zam-Buk. and only had to mist
work for two days. Zam-Dnk.. healed
the wound so quickly that on ttie third
day I was able to put on my boot and
walk to my work. In a very short
time my toes wero quite healed, arr.
the foot Is new as sound as ever
thanks U. ZaM-nuU." ,
Jost as gtod for chronic «».>'-
oteera, pile*, blood poison, tur>. ■
tealda, eruptions, «ttmi, _in_) all uV.\ "
InJnftM and dlstaK*. E<k., bos at all
drugflsts and stores, or Zatn-Ttuk Co.,
torento. Try Z*a.-!S_i_- £&*{*. iw, lis.
er WtM,
Ask Bleasdell
For a perfume that is not woakonod by adultoration
or foreign chemicals, _ .Ono quart or.of a drop of
Madame Sherry Perfume
in onoiifjjli to uso. This perfume is ono of roflmont and
raro delicacy, contains all the violet principles of tho
iloworfi. ' A penetrating porfumo whoso uso suggests
roflnmont and tasto,
Bleksdell's Drug Store
Capital Paid Up , • 2,670,000
Reserve and Und.vld«d Profit*. - 9fiW,tm
Total Assets...  44,000,000
It Is not In Its power to purchnso that tho
•i^*W «<_.!''_.'<_ <*. __i.utf*d.^ -?-.'*!. Vius. m_k_i4ft
of independence, and ot security against the
effects of adverse fortune tbat a riisrve fund
lives you, Is Infinitely mora satisfying than
tba passing gratification whlcb you would
obtain by spending IL
Small amounta—which yon will hardly
ml_*-<J«posi,ed regularly, will gradually, but
surely acf-iimn)*.... to a mm larff*. twongh tn
insure against ihe effect* of husiaoss revar*
sea ior los* of employment
J. R, Sloan, Att*tii
fl      TflTTffT
- tl ■- -•. •"-'-:.* !-■•;
THE}piS^QT^LEDGER, FERNIEy -. C-; MAY 25,1912.
Beware of
Sold; qnyihe
Merits of
Just received,, a   shipment, of-7
?VJCTOR\ GRAMAPHONE8.;; ,;'*'•■;
-y:Hundreds'', otvlatest ."Records, ;
fyioilni, _*- Guitars} AAcMrdeona,."-.
y Sheet Music, etcVetc. 7'?; 7;7/,-1' *:
■Sy * * PAYMENT' PLAN.   '■ - A'-
V' New,Michel7
? yy ..-,-.-
■•£_ .*■ v V *■£; ^
You're always welcome here
Clean,Rooms, Best of
7. Food, and every
THOS. DUNCAN ,y Passburg
L, E. McDonald
* '    i S "      '
, ■    -'    HORSESHOEING   "-'
■'   .   ,      yurid,'"*     , . A
• Express and,Delivery Wagons a
y   '       ,7"     Speciality   '
******* Kkkk** *************
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
i Gents' Furnishings     -   '
Aarcnt   Fernie .Branch
Pellatt    Ave.  . North
^; C/4£/£4 DISMIKE.
A': ^RZUZ Ey7VmTAiX\
"yA .. A* y____^/-yA'.A7-7
, "Dndisp'acclp di Londra.cf 'pqrta'Ja
consolante noYella^'che'.''1 ayauprema
c.?^te ^'Ipshllterra'a emenate sentenza
favorevoie alia,. vodoya7&zuz,'!?cl_e
perse .miseramente 11*. marito.'mentre
lavorava nella miniera d!"'-Michel"pochi anni dietro.'"' La co__ipagnia:?rifiu-
to'reclsamen'te di elargirgll '■ iD'.com-
penze spettantegli, adducendo' che tro-
vandosi residente hon nella^B.' C.',ma
In Austria perdeva' in accordanza' con
la lege del compen'ze *„oghe dritte di
compenzazione... « ':. . .,,;?■ -77 . , ■-
'" II DiBtretto-18-del-:'Minatofr Unltl
dl America conoscendo'j grandVprinci-
Pl dl equlta e di.giustizia che in "essa
si concentrava,1e realizzaridoche'scap-
pando queste punto di ses^egne avrebbe apportato miseria alle yedo've ed a"
gl'orfani ehe avessero issuto al di la
dei del conflni della,B. Ce che, uno
del lorocongiuntl avesse capitato la
medesima disgrazia che capito a Mike
Krzuz lmpiantava una.causa-distrettu-
ale ed i rlsultatl furono a npstro, fa-
Tare.-, ,; . ,..;- | y  -
Ma la compagnla (senza' dubbio) sor-
retta di, qualche altro operator© della
British Columbia e della Alberta, non
sodisfatta del risultati della.causa dis-
trottuale si appello', alia suprema corte
di Vancouver ed ivi due del tre giudlci,
giudicantl.- emenarono sentenza in- fa-
vore. della compagnia. "'Nbn.rimaneva
al dlstretto altro da fare che di p'or-
tare /la? causa davan'ti ;al "grande - tri-
bunale'di Londfa, .cid'cliefec'e senza
esitanza, e cosi -.una .volta ancora .la
vlttbria sorrise'-a nol. ' ''.'.:   .   -
Per . portare; a, compimento questo
grande.prohlema e cbstate'miglibie di
dollarre qujesti.furoro versati del lavoratori organizzati.'ed ora i disorgan-
jzzati '-parteci'p'erann'o anche loro' a.
questo grande beneficio.        "    '.
onesta della Bua>:caasa.nel!e parolore
negli atti.    *"* ?"\;'-A" 7    ■     y^.,
' Le sue Idee" sono di:una chiarezza?
elementare ed rresistlbUei Cessis'ono.;
del sistemadi sfruttamento esercHatd'
da iin uomo-il 'prodotto' a chi produce--
Lg'.iag'lianza dl dovtfl'e' di dirittWi a-7
.tellanza-liberta.? \ A. queste idee anche
alia lunga la classe operaia non'potra
mancare di arrendersi perche in esse
ka racchiusa la?fine'di-tutte le'sue
miserie e v'e jl germe anche per essa
di-un po di" sole e di felicita. .   E il
partito socialista'-sara'l'amicb paziente
e fedele che1 la condurra per mano. , ■ -,»
"y ' A?La' Parola" dei Socalisti,
Wyrok   Wyany Przez,
Najwyzszy Sad
.      . SIEROT  '     ,
J^MMMM"y »¥»¥»» ¥-»»¥»»¥¥»^^?»
? "♦.♦♦'♦ ♦<$►<>•♦♦<_»<►♦■
y   '   y.
delivered    to'   all V
1 parts X-f'tHo town
and Sale Stables
- First class Horse., for -Sale.    |
Buys.Horses on cbmmlslon
George Barton . Phone 78
'_ UN SOLO AMICO ' >^ * ;
La classe operaia, ha iin solo amico
al mondo .ed e' 11 partito. socialista e
non solo'in'America ma in tutte le
parti'"del'*glob*?...' Non Tamicb di un'
,,ora o dl un^ giorno, ma' 1'amico'di tutti
i giorni; entusiasta,, disinteressato,
pronto.a sa.cr_ficare i, siioi uomini, i
suol giornali,, tutte ie suerisorse f'in-
anziarie flno all'ultimo soldo, in qua--
lunqu'e cirebstahza, "per la clpsse operaia e* senza attendersi; cbmpensi od
onori e; tanto piu fedelmente quanto e
piu _ triste. I'ora del' b'isbgnb." 7 "'(
,^ In verita ogni singola'battaglia quo-
tidianamehte combattuta dal partito
socialista e una >attaglia della classe-
r\r\n*,n t_f_ . *. T_.
"I'v1 «*iur^- i_Q"
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers.
•    " .       -  i ■    - •' -, . (
-'■  Proprietors " '
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^■♦♦♦♦. ++.£
The Cash
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
Applos, por box $2.16
Maccnronl per hoi $1.60
Spudi, cwt ,'..$2.2B
Lemons, por doz    .30
Oranges, regular ?G for ..   .60
"    regular .BO for 4o
"    regular ,40, for 30
Dulk Tea, regular .50, now .20
Tomatoes, 0 cans for .,..$1.00
Peas, Deans Corn, mixed
0 cans for ,$i,oo
This Sala applies (or Cash only,
W. J. Cole
1 Hair Dressing
Pool ,    " '   ""
Bowling Alloy-
DrOp   III
To cleanse tho systom of undigested
food, foul gases, oxcosb bilo in the
llvor and waste matter In tho bowels
will Impair your health, The best
system regulator Is FIO PILLS.
At all dealers, 26 and 00 cents, or
Tho Pig PHI Co., St. Thomas, Ont.
Sold in Pernio tit McLean's Drug and
nook Storo.
cialista non s;impegna "in nessuna- bat-
taglia che-non slauna'battaglia della
classe operaia.     7.   '   ,"
Ep qual'e  invece  l'attitudine  della
classe, operaia, oggi neg'tl Stati Uniti,
' verso il partito socialista?"
Per un individuo una cosa difficile
ma indispensahile per la'sua prbs'perlta
o 11 sai>er diatlnguere chi • suo amioo
da "chi o suo nemico. Per una classe
di persone con intb'rcssi propri la cosa
non e di versa. '-. •
'.^In, questn abillta nel dist'inguero gll
amici dnl ncmici in classo opeVaia c
nncora di una deficenza da far 'com-
passlono alio pioto. Credo cho il
padrone sia suo amico o che 11 prete
sia auo .'amico o cho II proto sia suo
amico. .    . .      r  .
K so i! socialista s'avvlcina per spio-'
Rare como 11 padrone faccla ad arrir-
chirsi o neirinteresso dl chi il proto
faccia lo suo predlcho, "ccco la classo
operaia gli bI volgo conocchio acciglia-
to como vorso un dist.irbi.tbre porico-
loso o lo resplngo como un nomlco.
Quando con una schoda In mnno dovo
sceguioro un partito politico a tutoro
del suol piu vitall intoressi sologlio il
partito del Morgnn o dol Cnrnoglo.
Strana o tcrrlbiio coclta! E' la far-
falla qho porsisto ad nhhruolnrsl lo all
alia lampada,
Ma 11 socialista non pordo animo per
quosto, Ancho in mezzo alia derls-
lone o airindlfferonza raddoppla I suol
sforzl dl educaslono presso In clasHo
operaln o s'lndustrla dl mostrarle 1»
Podwodny telegram przymosl z Lon-
dynu dobra nowine ze najwyzszy sad
,wydal wyrok *'na lcozysc pani Krzuz,
wdowa po Michale Krzuz, ktory stracil
zycie w Michel, mlna'c'h okolo. cztery
lat temu, Crows Nest Pass Kompanla
nie chciala wyplacic posmiertnej 'za-
pomogi iponiewaz ze qna 1 _ej dzieci
zyli poza granicami prowincyi British
Columbia1, w Austryi, Wdowa'nlemogla
zkolektowac owegoposmiertriego, pra-
■wem przyznanym rbbotnilbm? Dys-
tryk't. 18, zjednoczonych'- go'rnikow nat-
ychmiasi uznal ze zasady praw byly
pogwalcone,' i zeby milezeniem przep-
uscili owa'niesprawiedliwosc sprowad-
ziliby nedze na wiele'wdow i-sierot,
ktorych w Wypa'dkii Smierei <przez
nieszczescie w.'minach meza, ojca. lub
syna, a' ktorych zony,-dzieci lub rodz
i ce zyja w Btarym kraju.
W nizszym -sadz'ie -sedzia Wilson
wydal, wyrok- na -kozysc obconarodo-
wych spadkobiercow Crows Nest Pass
Kompanla, z pewnbscia poparsa przez
inne kompanie Brytyjskiej Kolumbii i
Alberty, apelowali do wyzszego sadii
w Vancouver. .Tutaj wygrali.'dwoch
z trzech sedzi *przychylill sie na strone
kbmpanii a jedem przeciw. Nie'pbs-
talo nie dystryktowi^ jak tylko udac sie
do najwyzszego trybunalui nejwyzsze-
go sadw Wielfeiej Brytanii. h    ■
Azeby .tego dokonac" potrzeba" bylo
tysiecy dola'row i Dystrykt 6 Zachod?
hiej Pederacyi ? gornikow, widzac ze
sprawa- ta dotknda ich na rowni tak
jak gornlkow-we'gla," z checia przyszli
z   materyalna'-,>artosciowa   nomonnl.
.      ..   .-.   . IlEGULATIONS
7»-lon, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan kriri
A bert^.tha Yukon Termory, th^ Nonh
West • Terr tories and in a portion of
the-ProviHce of British Columbia, mav
ber leased for a term of twenty-^no
years at an annual rental of 11 an awe
fo0tonme0raep^acna„2t?60 acres W bHSSS
«& !ff"pJSS_i b?om^ee
Af?*\- Ar s_,,tAsent of the distHct in
•which the rights applied for are s tuat-
ed.   ,.i -        ... ,      ■*"■*-
'In surveyed territory the lana must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and ln unsurveyed
territory,, the tract-applied for shalI be
staked out by the applicant himself.
EP,ch apllcation must- be accompanied
by a fee o£ |S whteh will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available
l!»^nJ?J;»?iherwls'i -A!,°*falt-V sha1*- be
paid on the merchantable output of the
m m_?*at tho rate -Of 'lve cents per ton
fn^lv.1". £80nA ®Pej"*«ng: the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
aSS0I.nHn8't0T. the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If . the . coal mining
rights are not being operated, such
SncUeraVei?.Uld-be  '»"■*»»•»  <*-t  l_ut
^i Jhlt ,ea,se Yn_ Include the coal mlslng
^F.*^ °.nly- bu^ tne lessee may be per-
S.-J»? t0. P«rchase whatever available
2«_£SS r.llshil ma>" be considered ne-
let SthlyJ?Z }H-,W!kinB ot ^e mine
Vil6 rate-of $10.00 an acre.-
.v.«-.i.i v U '"-formation application
should be made to the Secretary of the
?^&J.tmAant ?f'thE Interior. Ottawa, 2?
Ion fi_na_fc??t °r gub-Aeen.. of Doml"
W. W. Cory, -
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
?,jN,B^"Unauthorlzed Publication of this
advertisement will not bo paid for.
erial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ....
-    D.R.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTOf.    .7 '     ,7  ''•
6,000,000   ..Capital  Paid, Up A...   8,996,900.
5,996,900       Total Assets ':....,\.<  .72,000,000
WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY. Vlce-Pres.,-
'.,*'-'.     "BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA? '„' -       '
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie,.Golden, Kamloops, Michel; Moyle, Nelson,
7 * Reveistoke, Vancouver and Victoria A -
■■•V      ' SAVING8 DEPARTMENT 7     ,.   .-
ilt*r"t»"?*i(!.0*n dep08,t8 at current rate from date of deposit.*
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager  .
Fernie Academy of Shopthand
and Typewriting
Two Classes Weekly.    Tuesdays and  Fridays.
"   .   from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
Private lessons and select classes by arrangement
Tel. 179 Evenings -. . ^   J 48a
prywatna; rada* daje swi-
ocud na koryst czu2ynciw.
radist " bahato    ditiam    i
'.wdowyciam. '
Lecz to nie'ws'zystko, walka gornikow
zostala,' rozniesion'a- w 7dluz i szerz
calej Dominii, i miedzy zjednoczonych
robotnikoj?. przez zwiazki i kongvesy
robotnicze Kanady, noplywaly.pienlu-.-
ne skladki. az ,do, ostatnlego Wtoi ki
Wowdzien wlasnie najwyzszy sad.voz-
patryjval apelacyo Sekretarz • Finan-
sowy Carter.otrzmal .1600 od'pana
Draper Sekronrza Rzemlcslnikowi _■..•■
Ixlnlczego Korigresu.   .   •
Podczas!gdy powyzsza sprawa slo
toczylaAokolo czterdzlescl spraw o
posmiertne bylo zatvzynlano \v nnszym
dystrykclo. Teraz wlec Kompanlo
Kopalni, wiedga zo walkaioh przeciw
blodmym Wdowoni/Blorofom, atarym'
ojcom' I matkoni przegrana 1 ze do-
cliody i ich nlo bedn slo powlokszac
krzywda wyclngnietym - ptoszem %
wdow.l sicrot, I'zpownoscia wyplacac
bdda w przyszloscl I zologlo posmicr-
mo bez 'dalsjiego oporu, ' Wyrojc o W
Nnjwyzszego sndu >st "prawdaiwlo
zwyclostwom zjednoczonego robotnika
Jodnak Btnipy i nlounljno.tcliurzo 1 Im
podobno wyssutkl boda tngzo kor-zyalae
cliaciaz I nie nip Itosztowalo.
Thoy aro siavoR who four to spoak
Por tho fallen and tho weak;
Thoy aro slnvoa who will not. choose
Hatred, ficofflng and abuse,
Rathor than In sllcnco shrink
From tho truth thoy noods must think;
Thoy nro slaves who dnro not bo
In tho right with two or, throo.
—James nuBHoll Lowell.
Kablegram z Londonu prynosyt nam
radisnu wlstkij.'- Prywatna Rada w
Londoni'-zakiuczyla;sprawu pani Krzuz, wdowy, po neblszczyku Majkowy
Krzuz,'-jakyj zistaw zabytyj'w majni w
Michel,* B. C.' ' Sprawa wyjszla- na
korystpani"Krzuz.1" Crows Nest Coal
Co., ne- chotlla zaplatyty widszkodo-
wanie.tomu szczo zena Majka Krzuza
i dity be, meszkaly w B. C. Ony me-
szkaly w Austryi Distrikt 18 U. M. W.
of A. zrozumiw szczo pryncyp spraw-
edlywosty zistaw? narusz'enyji koly distrikt ne postajit zasym take same
moze luczyty sia i.druhym wdowam i
syrotam, szczo ne zyjiit w el] prowinoy-
ji, koly jich batkiw zabje w majni. Na
perszijrosprawi Biidja Wilson wydaw
zasiid proty-kompanijl, w koryst dityj
i wdowy. * Ale kompanla, "zaochoczu-
_wana._dr.uhyjiiv7kbTn na ii in tyi v _7_ i n, A«f „
ne prznala' seho'zasudu i sprawa>piszla
do wyzszoho sudu w Vancouver. Wy-
zszyj sud,' zlozenyj z., troch sudyjiw,
spr'yjaw k'ompaniji i ' wydaw zasud
proty Krzuza. D.va sudl buiy zaikora-
panijeju a oden proty kompaniji. Ju-
nia ne pryjniyla sia s«jho zasudu i wid-
dala sprawu -do najwyzszoho. sudu
Prywatnojiqiady w Londoni, Angllja.
Szczoby zrobyty se treba bulo.liroszej.
Distrikt G 'Western Federation? of Miners, znnjuczy wahu spi-awy pryjszow z
szczcdrynl datkom. v So no wse. Sin
sprawa • stala sia li'oloaua. Zorgani-
zowani robltnyky Kanady dnly pornlcz
I tolio samohodnia koly wela sia ros-
prawn w London! Sokrolnr Carter distil w $1000 wid Dra'pora.80l.rctara Trades and Labor Congress.
AWczyslajuczy.Blu sprnwn szczos 40
wyadkiw inula junla. Tcper kom-
panla znnjo szczo jojl blj jiroty blilnycli
wdowyc, syrit i stnryoh tntiw I mat-
cryj wzopropnwszyj. Jojl zrostnju-
czl zyski zmensznt B|a i kompanla budo
muBila platyly .wldHzkodowanio bez
zadnoho audu. Wyrok Prywatnojl
Rady Jo jiobldoju zorganlzowanoho
robitnyctwa 1 z neho budut korystnty
nolysz junisty alo I skoby I tl no Junij.
nl Bkonl.y koirych sin sprawa no kosz-
luwala ani contn.
A large assortment of
•New7 Victor   Records
.,-•>.        "•      ' *    '' °-
■   -      - .      .   • i     _' ,0
Cc'me in and hear them
McLean's Drug & Book Store 'Ss?..^
& Motor  Cycles
If you are thinking of getting a* Bicycle or Motor Cycle
1   L ■. i)   ' P '
_   See John Minton, Feriiie Bicyle Store
He lias high-grade Cycles to suit any intending purchaser.
' TheC C. jtf. Motor Cycle, nothing better; go as slow as you
like and as fast as you dare..    Sole agent'for following wheels:
- CLEVELAND   , BRANTFORD ■ '    ■   •
and any olh/sr make of machine supplied lo order'.    Beware of
Cheap Cycles—thoy are Dear.
Cycles on Hire.   ' Accessories.' Repairs neatly executed.
of caw Ada
List of Locals District 18
..O. NAME 8E0, and P. O. ADDRESS
8D Dankhoad p, Wheatlej', nankhoad, AUa.
481 Reaver qraek  P. Claughton, Doavor Croolr, via Plnolior
m Dollayiio j. Burke, Bollovtie, Prank, Altn,
»1<IS Rtslrtwnro rt  t p»,.«.  n»-». ...
0411 nu;mi« .Tod. T*M.r*h*_.M\lrr-. T.nnnlft Alln.
mi Carbondalo 3, f/intborry, Carbondalo. Coleman, Alia.
1387 Canmoro .,.,,,,,,, M. D, Thaobuk, Canmoro, Alta.
263S Coloman ,, W. Graham, Coleman, Alta.
8877 Corbln   It Jonen. Corbln, B. C.
11S0 Chinook MItim V KoVIv TVriwr."* oi*y .«'•-
J178 Maroond City AlbortZak, Diamond Cllir,'Lethbridge.
J3I4 Pernio v.. Thoa. Uphill, Penile, B. C,
12«3 Prank  jM. Keane.ly, Prank, Alia.
J497..Ho»mor  W. Baldoratono, Hoamer, B. C.
1068 Hillcreit........;. j, O. Joneii, Hlilcrest, Alto.
B74 I^ethbrldie L. Moore,   «04. Blvteenth St., North Vthbrldfe.
im I_tthbrld|t Colllortea Frank liarlngham. wo, via., Klpp, Alt*.
I!_ 38 UUe W. U Bvane, Lille, Prank, Alta
•im MmivIa L*nl. b. 1'arVcr, Maple hni, nellettM.. Alta.
t«4 Michel  m. Bunell, Mlehet, B. C n
1. Monarch Mln* 8, Moorcrott, Monarch Wine. TaWr, Alta.
tS53 Paaiburg jr. Klumrlli. Paaabur*. AUa.
tW Boral Vlow ThOi. B. FUler, Royal Colllertt^ Uthbrtdf*, Alta
W9 T!il>«r A. PatferwM*. Talxir, Alta.
102 TnUs imtk.  m\wt», fi"*her. Alta.
Nervous Debility
nrtUmiara ln.-irtw.Mii_fidm._-i
Voji/MtlyourMlfftnunanii know i
•ad tiklri rob you ot your h&rd ean
i oum->&o mora
marrjtm cannot I
earned duluira.
_ha moral, pbytlml and n.-tit*l
vital Trait* (ram tlie lynttm.
you ot your hard earn* ddBiii,— ta * "^ Wt let qUMlU
Pel ar H. Summsn. rolatei hli onwrleno. t
, ''IwatroubUdr'" "      	
or not.
•lb N«rvou» Debility
lAyltJo Indlacretlott
...•Jin. I bccin.8 tut
IJiln't ears whether I
r-,-.,—   I ImaittoM OToryUxJy
ooiud at me guaanod my ucnt,
._ „. ft. Bjijjr^^enej
, had patni In lho
 . -Jindi end (oet -were
Uio roonalni., toot t)ipotUo,
uaiky, «•/«• iHiirred, Ir''
ry poor. olo. Nuralini-ss
tmand tho -Joetnrtold mo
iwruyila1 I took all Vtn&n ot
for mnny yoan.   I lay It to
a=d txtceaca ia youib, II
t-MMD-uat and djdn't ean
worked or i
yuo loom
mo-my b_w , .	
hacjc of mv hoad. handa and (oet -wero
..  _, .mir
m, DiBmory poor. olo. Nuralini-S. In
iagen were
fi "'"
•mnt t«HtHiNr w>alnd«oedtopoi«nlt.,>ni, K_*im.<1y ft    .„„„,..„,„
Accordlnfr to tho Buronu of Stati*
tics at WaBhlngton, tlioro wan an nn-
tisiiftl Incroano In tlio volume of co.\l
traffic during tho first quarter of 1012,
flhlpmontB of anthracite coal from
Eastern produclnf. territory In tbat
porlod rlHlntf to 18,200,851 long. tonB,
or the larg«Bt for nny thr«o months In
tho paBt,dccado. Over 25 por cont.
of tho BBRrogato movement, namoly,
4,738,.78 long tons -wnB hnndlod In and
around Kow Vork City for conBlun.
mont to Now York propor and othor
Atlantic ports,
'   Drafts ami Monoy Ordors isHUod payablo anywlioro in Oanndn.
Gront_irit.ii_i or Unltod Stntos. -
Lottors of Orodit issued paynlilo nnywliom in Knropoan nnd
forelRii ooimtriofl.   , ,/
Oollootlons mado from any point in Canada whoro llioro la a
branoh of a Canadian Chartered Hank.
# ,i Bavln&8 »c«°«»t* rocelvod at all Branohoa of tho Homo Bank and
Ml compound Interest paid. Withdrawals forwurdud hy mall on In-
■trnoUoM from tho Doposltor, to ony out-of-town addrasa.
Kobra difloountod and advances wndo on acoqilablo security.
Xvo-yftislBtenm, oonsistont with sound bankinfj pratico, oxU-ndwi to
thoweniragcd In farming, Industrial, flnanolal and buslnoss ontorpls
Bill Containing Radical Clauses Pass,
es United 8tat«s Senate
_«_-*_;-'H^*_ji,,,9!,n",W|n»11 •• comm«o(«d tta Niw Umtno ftuvvtr* taA U
•ft™.2SLw**a **• lmp/o»a_BWt wai like -najrto-I rouM tut Um «|or _ro.ni throuth
^owiffaAolto" T**mnmf «a pbjrmloiriJjr* I haw scaitiMia t»«y SUoou
_5___S?f«7|^VOMmE* *00*£mS' VuMUaUcanwrltafwaQMMlMi
CorJMjan Ave. and Griswold St, Detroit, Mich.
GOHa^ll AV|"^*r AH ItUem I rem Canada matt be address**
W^W y^iiWlis to our Canadian Correspondence Depart.
_*. X*SL*~j5i'!^^ •ment ,n Windsor, Ont   If yoa desire to
w? «»Jp«fMttaIly call «t «ir Uedlcsl I o«ito(e in DHroit as ire' ete and treat
\ltES!2L*Jn Sf1' WB*'«» *>ffi<*-« *!»»'» «* tor Gwmpondentw and
Mboratory for Canadian fcwlntss only.  Addrca all letters os follows;
WASniNOTON, D.C., May 20.—The.
Workmen's Componiintlon Hill wnB
priH-_r.il by iho scnalo today U to tf,
substantially ns framed bv tlio «-»*n.
ployer's liability commission, nnd an.
tifiv.'tk. un.. (o luureaiio tits iK-nei.t-i.
Tin «:<*asur*, sharply fouBlit by aome
of tu i>momte for etTtral days, non-
koch (o tlio houso. A number of nm-
(-tu'monta wero offered, hut only a -v..
'.>-.w   .UHvjiUiO   HTIft   ItiOHC   WITH   Wjl.
Ihe arqulescenc  of Senator Sutler.
lund, In chnrgo of tho bill,
office TORONTO
J. F. MACDONALD. Manager.
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fornie Branob.
A farmer who was the father of
twelve children had rocked carh other
In Uk** «im<; cradk <wUl. ll... ».v!.it
nr<tat too. Ho was rocklm. tin- now j
._,. uuiul ouo uveuli-K wlivn UU v,|f».;
rr*mnrk.'.i: "William, that cradlo is]
nr:*rly worn out; I*m ,,fraid it «lll
fn» t.v ■,1f*e».** "|f*n inborn ii^d up."'
r^iilU »l h*r httshand, then, handing Iit ;
a tt.*/ '..-.lar WM. ho reu<arl_<-d: "7hi. •
n.».f ffn-' yon Erj io (U-AU WL ,A Ut, ;
ow; a pood one; one that will last." i
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606". for Blood Poison
i roaiet* tlltml tn.lainnufli.ii. Old rhranir <>a«it<l«M,
T ,„,. ,Mf^scu,tlL °' Anatomy
.Mi/mi!! I.^il* T:'"'''".14'" '^..""A*1' w "*k* ■*"•• "'"rtt'iH, iiu.imtrii-ililM,
trailni t1, • «"nt,_ con,1,,,on* °' «»'• v«Iohs |.art. of t..« body. IIU..:
tratlrttr full, both unit, and «hronl« dUrant. «.. ro,n,
».v ?*'cc ConswWatIon and Advice
ATM Slf*' *VKK' hAUVi1it> «U*«W»Ti«K»  CVnRR  AT MODMIt.
Kt|f.-H  Mrdlral   i:<.nih..lr,u vw.     Pn*    iu»mlniUin   of    _M««
ftrr, ,t, ..:r;:; „s: Sftr—- -•••"»«*" ■«•""
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
An Ad. in the Ledger will turn the Trick
_______■_ fi-:.;:'.
'    -           .*
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A" 7' A*,^s7 y-
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 •—        ..—*»-*■ y ■■ V'
Ladies' White Waists
This week we are offering a line of Wliite-Waists
that should .command special attention.   - They "
come in sizes from 34 to 42/and are all handsomely
embroidered, their wjaists comprise a great variety .
of patterns and usual selling prices range from
■$1.75 to $2.75.   OnSaloat$1.25each7" ,
'■"-**".' ,    , i ,'-"
"We'are showing some remarkable values -m
House Dresses. Thejr come in a variety of pretty-t
stripes and checks and are trimmed with contrasting materials, making a very dressy,, yet strictly
practical house dress. They are also made in dark
colors and in a full range of sizes; ranging in price
from $1.75 to $3.95.
Ladies' Suits
Now is the time to lool_: for your Summer Suit
AM our stock is marked down to a very low figure,
and the garments1 we have to show are nob dupli*
cated in any way, no two garments alike in our
whole- selection, and the prices, will appeal to you,
ranging as they do from $7.50 up. to $28.00.      - ■
Dry Goods Department  v
.PAEASOLS are on sale this week. A glance at
our windows will assure you of the values. Prices
are from $2.25 to $4.50.    On Sale at $1.75.*
Children's Parasols from 75c. to $1.00. -,     <
EMBROIDERY-27 inch flounciug' in a large
' variety or patterns.     These are beautiful goods
and are going on'Sale at 40c. yard.
Dress Goods
Cashmere in colors of Crimson, Navy, Blue, 38
inches wide, Special 25c. yard. ,A7 0'. *
'    Floral Design of Dress Muslin in a great variety
of .colorings. -   Just the goods for present wear. On
' Sale Saturday 15c. yard.
-English Prints      7   Syards for $1.00   .   f
Children's .Cotton Hose in a good heavy rib, sizes
5 to'91/2, Special 6 pair for $1.00 7 , ,,   y ■ y-' ".
New models in stylish Tweeds7 in
the latest 5 shades cof   Brown )i/and
Grey} these garments are .^i^jclauss;',
hand-tailored N and ; perfect^;fiittinigr-
just the" proper thing for the present
holiday season. •?"Prices range frbm
SU I T,Si$lO;5Q-to: $20:00:   ySyXX- ;7?
Outing shirts with lounge collars, from $1.00 to $6.00 each.   ;
Fine silk Balbriggari and lisle Underwear; in two pieces and
,'.,     combinations? from 50c to $5_00.  . :  a ;   *'       - '■ .:
Fine silk and lisle half hose, in all colors, plain arid fancy, from
15c to $1.50 per pair.  :;■      a \ ?j
New silk Neckwear, all styles, in a very large range of patterns
' Ar from 25c to $1:50. /: ;  ^V-.-;."' :•["■■_  "y, :y\y\ y^r ;'
The latest American.Blocksin Straw, Linen and Panama Hats!,.
at prices from 50c to $15.00.        ' ,   XX yy
Braces of all descriptions; try our invisible at 35c a pair. \y-
Summer   Hose   Supporters, Boston,   Paris,   MidgetV&* Son
-. '    -at* 25c. arid 35c^ - -,;'" „-,. '; . \     . ;.'•'' ".;"., ; -7 '     ■ •'. ,,/^J',:', • a"
*•!** i
.- -,.
- _-,■'
,;** --
> rt*V
- -Vt -£.
'*   '.,-i
,     \
*•" • •-
• •^
• • • •
. ,i*
« •» « «v
'7V .
Orders Taken for Special Made,to Measure Clothing, Perfect fit
Satisfaction Guarateed. Wie atre?Exclusiye Agts? for 20 Cent. JBraricl
Saturday Specials
.        ". tr *  t    .' 'v .  T. ^ - *    „
~>!   ^ ~ r i '   . *      V       <
. 'Fresh .Strawberries; per "Basket > :*..
'*- """■ :-\'" -."    . - "•'■;•.-. 7 ■- -"i-i-'-,." •■"'*, -', -,„-
7 -Fresh Let'tuce, ;per lb. .7.-.,..._?... .A
.-.  ?y .' . r. ',-■--,   i ' f -,-' ■*'**.---'"'    ""'*'' -..
, Freah Rhubarb, per lb. 1* A?
' • .'      " '       ' -        »,*    .      - *   "!        I *■   .   . '
.    * '       % > ' - " *■ 11?
" „Gove'rnmeut Creamery Butter, per lb;
', l?ost Toasties; 3 plcgs for .,*:.-..... X •
, "\Shredded "Wheat-Biscuits, 2 pkgfo'r'-.-:*.'.*'.;.^ 7 7,25 v
•. *"' Corn Flakes," 3 pkg. for •„••••*• ••• , *25'
■ Cowan's Cocoa, 1 lli. tin .'..' y :49, *
-*   ,' - .  ,   . ,\ ,*-**- ■        •   •-/ '-   ,'    -'
. -      •'     i . i* - f   ^
Lown'e'y's Cocoa, y». lb. tin ......". ..'.?." .20-
c -       » w
Tuxedo Jelly \Po\vders, 4 pkg. for .-.   725 Sy.
y   .      ', ' ' - * •* -   -v  . a y y
Bed and 131ack Currants,'2 lb." tin eaclr,'. ."   .10-.   •
P    -.             ' v     '    '       ■    7   '■' '     -i '- i
Greengage Plums, 2 lb. tins, 2 for .. j-.. ? 7 .35- ',
"   Lombard Plums. 2 lb. tins, 2 for .' : ,' .25-
<    . 'A ■' : „.    v   ■ '.   ' -/.- '
.    Peaches, 3 lb. tins,- each ". — .■ —........':. •* .80
'   -. :   ■'■■              .'       ,             ''  '      L    '    '     '■ ?  '--      "-"
'   "Pears, 3 lb. ,tins, each^ i... '....'.-?;....'.    .30 vj,'
S\ ■" Evaporated Prunes, 21b. for' .. .',.*.. S\ ..'.',.".'.■• .25 X.
> -    "    -.-'-". ■        ■ ■ j*;.,  ?
7 ^Lethbridge Flour, 98 lb.'sacks'. .A ..,.."..7.$3.25*'-
,,. \.7  •    ,   --..        , - *^  ,      ,'        ,, ,       .       .*.;._
Climax Jam,' 5 -lb. tins, ?each'  A.50 . ■:■
Lard, .5 lb. tins, each i .*.......? .;- '".85_ ,
Sherriff's Marmalade, 7 lb? tins,."— / 7- *".9[C ,.
Queen Quality Sour and ChowJPickles, 20 oz'.   '..
' bottle.....'.   !"....     ;25*
.-*.'' -.,*>-.
' ■'   - ..„*•■.-       ■ - ' -    .   - -,
"Canada First Pork and'Beans, 2 lb.' tins, 3 for   .25 v-
, .,      - i.   i« ,,i, ^ . i
*White Eose Toilet Soap, 5 bars for ".     .25
° -.      . .   i. - ^      ',  t.   *■ ." -        '  '      -, - -.        • \ "
Gold Standard Tea;"3 lb. tins.'..".' ?'.. .$1.00
*'     '■$     A   *- '-*   ..-  --■:,-•»    ->v   '     .    ^*
Corn, 2 lb. tins, 5'for . AA... r.....'..."..'.. y "\55 ;'
.*" '     7 y 7."   7 -*• -      - .* *     <-i  ' ;-
yG: and B. Vinegar, pints, 2 for ..... .„.*.. ..*.. ,-y \2!b .
Parsnips, 12 lbs, for <. /.'.V; ,l.\ .V.'3.:" .,.';?%    125*-^
i-1' ^_** *"V_ ^l ' ' ' "„
< 4
*■ (<i
r   <i-
Here and There
The City Council are to iaeet in
regular session this oven Int..     °
Constable Gorman, provfneial forco,
has returnee, from a trip to Ireland.
Mr. Robort Straclian left for Morrltt on Wednesday to take up his duties there as mlno inspector.
A. S. Julian, lately of Mlchol, has
Iwen appointed -secretary of Cilsai'j
Local In place of F Tipping, rc-Jlgi!*-*1*-
• An agBregate payroll of rm.iy 7j,0
roproaonts tlio amount of monoy plno
oil In circulation each pay day at .Coloman. ^ I        '*
A car-load of a. N. officials wero In
tho city during tho wool.. It Is understood thoy wore looking Into tho
question of car storage.
• Mr. T. A, Comott, of Hosmer, and
MIbh I>carl UroohB, of Vnncouver, Tl.
O.i woro married nt Mctcilcod, Alia,
Tuesday laHt.
At tho Court of Revision o;i Monday
last thorn woro -ID!) names protosled
against; of which R2r> woro slruolc off,
and J 7-1 retained. ,
D. R MoTngRnrt, recently of lho
firm of l'-cl-Hloln nml MoTnKKiirt, is In
tho city In connection wllh tho [.nl-
hoii vh. Tlio Crows NoBt PnsH Conl Co,
MrB, Drowor wiih lust Monday soon
off on routn for Scotland,
.Tlm Knullnior, onj.liio''r on lho M.
F nml M. Rallwny has rntunicl from
a trip to tho old country.
Owing to tho rotlrement of II. Smith
tilioch rt<,-l«lillli(li ul iiio cuiulilalt lu'un-,
a 3.1.--]'v! wua J.'il.'.-J! for lho jiur^orj* of
appointing his HtirrcHiior, rnRtiHIn'. !n
tho cholco of W. If. Ilnynom?
A mimical _*oncort and social wll)
too hold In tho Methodist Church, Monday, Mny 27. UofroshmontH will bo
florvod, Admlslilon 2r.c; children,
IB centB, Concflrt to commonflo ar
lialf-past sovon.
A novnl wiiRer U now Udnf. de:l<!(id,
Otto Molr hag undertaken to drive a
team from Pt-rnle Into Hpokumi whliin
121. houra from tho tlmo of Binning.
Ho left hero on Monday, 0 n.m, and U
duo llioi-o on Sunday morning. Wh<m
last hoard of ho was at Klngsgnto, 120
rollc/* from Fernie, on Wednesday at
6.15, and l», therelor-a, Kolnf. wull ud
llmo. Vfr. Con Whelnn It wltli him
nil rofcroo,
Pernio, B. C, May-22nd, 1912.
To llio-Editor, District Lodger.
Dear Sir',—I desire'at-this timo to
havo youd indulgence Jn inserting this
letter dealing with a matter of much
Importance to tho members of tho United Mlno Workors. in this District,
namely, tho election of a vice-president to miccecd Cloment Stubbs, late-
ly elected to tho offlco of District Pre-'
sldent.        "'    '"   .
Davo Reos, bf Fornlo, ls a candidate
for that offlco, accepting nomination
only after much pressuro by a groat
many porsons wbo are' really Interested In tho wolfnro of tho organization,
and he, in tho opinion of all thoso who
aro most intimately acquainted with
him, Is a worthy aspirant,
Dhyo'b flualltlos aro well known* at
this ond of tho Pass, and It Is In tho
hopo that tlioso wh6 nro not acquainted with tho porHonallty of Roes, will
havo an opportunity to hocomo so, that
this lottor Ih written,
Uoob occupied lho offlco of Secretary of FornlQ Local for a porlod of
two ycaiH, nnd tho labor expended by
him In the Interest of tho organization
was of thn most litronuoim naturo. Ills
work as Local SocYotitry cnn ho appreciated hy Uio fuel, that tho membership doubled during IiIb torn, of offlco,
nnd llio Local reached tho high wufor
mark In I in history, attaining tho iIIh-
tlnctlon of bolng tlio iiceond InififtHt
local In .hi' United Mine Workers of
America, Ills labors In tho Intermit
of tho orgnnlzatlon wore so nrdtiotiH,
and his hours so numerous (probnhly
ifi on tho avorago) that ho decided
llfo ns a working minor would ho much
.-aslor and roRlgnod from lho offlco of
Locnl Soorotary, although it carried
with It a salary of 1100 per-month,
nfnlnnt Hie wl«h nf .hr< Tif-innl nnd Mi«*i
persunslvn power** of mnny of hlfl Intimate nonunintnnooH,
Ills loyalty lo tho organization Is attested to by tho action of tho Crown
Nest 1'nnH Coal Company townrd him,
Rifle*, tho termination of tho rffont,
strlko ho has hoon politely Informed
that ho httB not boon particularly favorable to tho'Interests of tho coal company and on thoso grounds line boon
refund employment. Tho company
.ins n nlntnlnod this attitude ovor since
und IU'iiH fiinlH It Itn possible-, to up cnn
flork cither In this company's mlnos
or in any of the mining iinnpn of tho
DJntrict. '
It wns only on account of tho peculiar circumstances In which ho wa>
placed that Davo decided to nccopt
the nomination for vice-president. Bat
it U not for thU reawn ulonu that I
think Root should be ■upported. He
In In every wny fitted for tho office,
■has good executive ability, is experienced, and is absolutely Incorruptible.
He is too 'reliable a man lo lose', and,
his past services.'to the organizatlo'n
should not bo forgotten. It would Indeed be a fitting reply to the operators
of this Pass, who have instituted the
black list against him,,and an action
that would bo' creditable to the organization in this District wore they t«
elect Bro. Dave Rees by acclamation,
or at laat by a substantial majority
ovor any othor candidate who is not
placed in similar circumstances.'
Tho serious* consideration of the
claims of Bro..Reos to recognition by
the mombors ot tho organization, and
tho nocossltyof having a capablo, re-
Uablo man In harmony with the alms
and aspirations of the labor movement
as ono of its responsible- ofticors, Is
commended by
Yours vory truly,
Classified Ads-Cent a Word
Hosmer, B.C.—Lots* 11 and 12, Block
5, Corner Main St.,, and Third Avenue,
60 by.-lOO feet -.one of tho bost comers
In the city; must* sell at once; title
first\class, what-am I 'offered?—P.
McLachlan, Box 324,.Prlnco Rupert, B.
c       "    :    -a 7
 : \ :	
FOR/ RENT—Store ln the Eckstein
Block. '   Apply, Cree and Moffatt.
Tho School Board mot on Tuesday
night, nnd although two of the throo
trustees pronont folt thnt n now building on a new silo would ho proforablo
thoy decided'Hint aB this would not
bo obtained an addition to lho pro-
thoy decided, that ..■. this eoulJ not
than nothing, and accordingly will ask
tho City Council for a $110,000 grant
for this purpose
Every ■■ convenience, bath-room, etc.";
Moderate rent,, Apply, District Ledger. .,    -
POR SALE—EGGS for'Hutching.—
From Pure S.C.W. Leghorns, No. 1
pon, ?1.C0 por doz., or $10.CO por 100.
No. 2 pen, $1.00 por doz.,,or $7.DO por
100. Apply, S. J. Harrison, Wardnor,
POR SALE at McLeans Drug and
Book Storo, Puohnm's famous Chocolates.    Bost on the Coast.
Proclamations giving May HO as the
data for nominations and Juno 20 for
polling In tho ovont of n contost, In
tho forthcoming byo-olectlon In JCooliv
nny Ikih moon Isntiod. Tlio numbor of
polling )i1i.cob Ih 1!I0. Tlio polling
plnroH for tho Fornlo itldlng
nro: Hunt Wardnor, .Inffroy, Mlko,
Morrliwoy Junction, Conl Creek, Fornlo
(four booths), Fornlo Wost, Hosmor,
Spnrwootl, Mlchol, Crow's Nost, Now
Mlchol, Corbln, Bnynos, Waldo, Krag,
Flagstone, Gateway,
FOR SALE—Throo shares in tho
Fort Stoolo Browory. Prlco, $275.
Apply lo II. N. C, Frank, Alta,
For the  Northern Interior for,the Coming.Season
TO RENT—A 7-roomod Plastered'
IIouho in Wost Fornlo. - Apply J. Fob-
tor, 221 MorrlHsoy Houses, Coal Creek,
or R, Jodoh, Wost Fornlo,
FOR SALE—Ono ftlacl. cnamollod
Folding Oo-cart with hood; nlso ono
Extension Dining Tnblo, ln goldon
oak, Apply nt M. 0. Kennedy's houso
on MaPhornon Avenue. p-lt,
A SNAP—$(100 cash will purohnso
the Lol and Bullrlini. I'ni'd tin Pout
Offlco nt Morrlssoy Junction, Apply, G, G. Moffatt, Fornlo, B. C.
Tli/** liVvnln Vntnrmifl' llrlr-nilo will I i>i.:
hold a smoker on Friday nlnbt, May
2-1, In tho basement of tho Mlnorn*
Hnll., A liberal supply of njfrosli-
ments, liquid and otherwise nB woll
ns smokot., has boon clocked nnd the
host lnm. talent have promised to
como forth and nsBlst In making the
affair-a howling buccobr.
TWO HORSES—One sorrell mnro,
branded on tight Hhoultler "C"; ono
dnrk bay mnro brnndod "L.T" Finder pleikso notify Dominic _.u*z.i, City
Transfer. 40-£t.p
FOR SALE—Why pay rent when
$10,00 down and $10.00 n month will
uy a Five Room Cottage: wood Bbfld
(.nd u i_OGil wtsll on uiiln t-Utxtl in
West Fornlo. Apply ». A. hwtH,
Crnnbrook, TJ, O
FOR SALE—Cottafeo on lot about
120 foot nnunro, tho proporty of Mr.
A/ II, Croo, who Is leaving Fornlo tho
11 T.' , -»*•(•!*    .,,11     M,,
_i.l,      LU      i/Utl., li .1*      L.I.LL       VMW
prnporty nv n whole, or v.U1 wihrtlvlrti*.
Cnn bn purchnBed at a bargain, and
on vory oasy torms, Apply to A, II.
SAL13-.Apply, Mrs. A. J, Buck.oy,
Thompson Stroot, botweon Howlnml
and Pollat Avonues,
FOR SALB—A CharJ«» A. Cypher
Incuhntor, fo hold 1B0 egUfU. Apply,
District Lodger.   <■    .*
Tho result of tho Quebec eloctlons.
which took placo recently, rotultc-d In
two IaIkk nibii U1.I1.K i<-luvui-.d. Tt.(
full result Is: Llbbrnls, 01; Conservatives, 10; Labor, 8.
Is Nearing FORT FRASER and Already the
To the District has,Commenced, ' /'
„  t Fort Fi'ftHQi* is tlio contro oi' 10,000,000 aoron of^tho iinont ngrfcul-
turfll Iftiul to ho /bund iti Caunil...,
The Noolmco, Stowart T-Jiko, Bull.ley V.iHoy, Bljiolcwiitor, End/iko,
Ootflo Lulco and a portion of tlio Poaco Rfvoi* Districts, will niaK'b
Fort Ih'imr thoir natuiTil headquarter., for the receiving of supplies
and marketing of produce." - "
Cities have boon built in Wostorn Canatla in ten years and othors
havo incroasod thoir population 1,000 per oont in that period,
History Will Repeat Itself in Fort Fraser
LOTS, AT FRO,M $150.00 TO, $200.00.   , TERMS  10 PER
Plan of Towhsito and Price T_i«l; on Annlir-ntion
Farm Lands in* this District also for Sale.'
«MWH9BWJ.U!U_.i Hm
The Dominion Stock & Bond Corporation, Ltd.
NL. A, KASTNER, Agent for Fernie anci District
i i
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■ -


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