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The District Ledger Sep 30, 1911

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Industrial Unity is. Strength ..
The Official Organ of District No. ltf. U. M. W. of A.
h    -.7 /s» *\
Political Unity is Victory
Vol. V.,  No. 6.
$1.00 A YEAR
, ■  o     '   ■ '
Notwithstanding a Long
Drawn Out Strike-
Got 632 Victims
idal. Head ®f fc Usmted.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦
AN'ASHINGTON, Sept—Ohio's tu'."l
p.'o.-iudion of conl in' 1910 was.31,209,.
28S, short-tons, with a spot value of
$35,932,288,' according to Edward W.
Parker, of tho United States Geological
Although more than half of the coal
' miners of Ohio were on strike in 1910
for a period equivalent to 25 per cent
of the average number of days worked,
■ the  increase   in .production  in  1910
* over 1909 was the largest gain ever
made in one year. In 1909 Ohio produced  27,939,641  short tons- of coal,
..valued at $27,7S9,010. The,increase
in. 1910 was C.270,027 short .tonsi or
22.44 per cent in quantity, and ?8,-
143,278, or 2913 per cent lu tvalue! It
was due principally to the long-continued .idleness in the ■ State -to the
west,,but in addition to the influences
^'exerted by the strike the cold winter
of 1909-1910 had cleared the lake docks
, ln the Northwest- of coal! so that the
year opened with' a good demand for
Ohio coal, and there was unusual activity during the,year, except for the
comparatively short time of the strike
in, the organized mines and during two
local strikes.
George Harrison, the state mine inspector, reports that' in 1910 there
were 161, men killed and 471 injured
. in the" coal mines of Ohio. The death
rate per 1000 was 3.45 and there were
212,482. tons, of coal.mined for each
Alle steenkool mijners
worden verzocht weg te blij-
ven van Alberta en Eastern
British Columbia, daar de..
werkstaklng mog niet Is op
Saskatchewan Galls for
Goal and Can't Get it
An Awful Plight
That there will be a great deal of
suffering ' among the people on . the
prairies this winter if the present
coal strike is not settled within a
short time, is the opinion of M. McDonald, a coal dealer from Swift Current who is in the city, today. Mr.
McDonald is making' a. trip through
the coal area .with a view to obtaining a sufficient'supply- for his customers,  but  has. met with  only partial
of 2.45 and 241,358 short., tons mined
for each fatality in 1909. - -    ..   ',' ,
Production increased in twenty'1 of
the twenty^ight' mining counties in the
state; and decreased in; eight.' - The
most notnble increase was made in
Belmont County, whoso output gained
2,203,446 short' tons. Guernsey County ranked second in Increased production, with a gain. of. 1,601,617 tons.'
Athens County showed an increase.of
1,462,290 tons, and tho Hocking Valley, district comprising Athena, Hocking and Perry counties, showed a total
gain of 2,052,961 tons, One other
county, Jefferson, added, ovor a million tons to its output in 1909, with
nn increase-of 1,333,563 tons. Tho
principal decrease was in Tuscarawas
County, which fell off nearly GO per
cont from 1,G77,303 tons in 1909 to
8111,189 tons In 1010. '
Ohio counties to load, in tho percentage of the total production undercut by tho uso of machines; and ln
1910 28,887,2-11 short Ions,' or 81.44 per
cont of tho total wa mnohhio mined,
Tho number of men omployod In
tho coal mines of Ohio In 1910 was
40,641, who averaged 20 working
days. Had it not boon for tho time
lost by strikes, tho mlno workers ln
Ohio would havo averaged nbout 230
working dnys. Tho record of efficiency nniong tho minors In Ohio is,
howovor, high, In 1910 tho avorago
production hy each man employed was
733 tons for tho year and 3.61 tons for
each working day.
On Monday morning last Provincial
CoiiBtahle fliinii mado a good capluro
whon ho nrroBtod nlno Itnllnnn and
tholr driver near lUrlckBon, TIiobo
people woro charged with ontorlng
Cannda without reporting to tho Immigration Inspector. On TnoBday nf-
tornoon at tho Provincial. Police Offlco
boforo Jotioph Uynn of Oranbroolc, ,T,P„
nnd R. A, Spcors, ,T,P„ of Croston,
Prom tho ovldonco tnkon nt tlio hoar
ing It BeeniB that l<Mwnrd Adams wn»
tho prlnnlpnl offeridor. llo hailed front
Spokuno, nnd lnnt May wan caught by
Constable (limn whon ho wn» In tho
net ot escorting n bunch ot Itnllnnn
noross the lino. At, thnt tlmo Immigration Agent, Clms, Itykorts, Inform-
Oft    Allow1   pf   1hn   p|^t^p,f.^n/^n',',"   l''.?.t
■would result should he hd miichl nt
tho «amo offenco ngnln nnd prosoe.u-
tier ngnlnta Adamn Inst Mny was withhold owing to tho remission of tho
Act. AdamB, who practlenlly plondod
miltv In the present r.hnrrres war fined HG0 nnd cob(b nnd in dofault of
payment three months In tho Nelson
Tho accused C. Tt. Knight, who wm
tho teamster, was acquitted, whllo tho
8 other Italians woro each fined $10
nnd costs of court with nn option of
throe months In tho Nelson Goal at
hnrd labor.—Croston Heviow.
success. ~, ■•     ■-,..' -
"I contracted for three hundred
tons-a week'at Taber the other day,"
he said, "but that will not be nearly,
onough'to* supply my trade.- Even before I left Taber I had six1 carloads
of my "first shipment sold., The demand In Swift Current Is greater-than
it ever was. The reason for this is
that a great many of the dealers- In
tho smaller towns close by cannot
see their way clear to buy Pennsylvania conl which is being shipped in
now, and so' they have to draw on our
supply at Swift Current, while'other
years they' bought direct from tho
mines hero. The peoplo further east
nro taking tho strike situation more
seriously than tho peoplo of Alberta,
for thoy nro afraid of n repetition of
the suffering of 1908. Somo of thorn
are already considering tho advisability of moving'Into ,tho towns for tho
winter, but I don't see thnt Ibis would
do any good If n sufficient supply of
coal cannot be'hnd. "
"At present I nm getting coal from
tho enst. and tn spite of tlio fact that
tho strike has been going on during
tho summer months, I havo alroady
Bpcnt $12,000 in conl nt Fort William,
Tho provlnco of Albert is losing a
groat donl of money on account of
this strike, and the sooner it Ib sot-
tied tho hotter for everyone. Tho
pooplo of Saskatchewan nre asking
that tho mines bo opened up (ih soon
ns poHHlblo, and that tho miners and
operators got together In tho meantime and leach some settlement,
Then when a settlement ls renchod
the now rates Bhould bo made effective from tho tlmo that tlio mines woro
opened, In my opinion II. will be nl-
most IniiioHBlblo to moot nil tho orders If tho ennl wines wore to open
right nway."
An executive meeting of all the offi-
cails of District IS, U. M.' W. of A„
was held at Macieod this week,' which
gave rise to many conjectures of a
probable early conclusion to the existing strike. .These were, as is quite
natural, based upon a wish-the-father-
to-the-thought foundation and we regret to report that such a consuma-
tion is not at present perceptible.
Tlie mineworkers of District 18 are
still as determined as they were' at the
beginning to remain steadfast, because
they 'feel that inasmuch, as the cost
of living has been constantly increasing and there have been no appreciable
changes in .the wages for several years
past that the demands made are the
very opposite of unreasonable, and
that the propositions so, far tendered
to tliem are of a character that may
be, termed robbing Peter of a dollar
to pay Paul fifty cents.
The increase offered to the day wage
men and so persistently published by
the press, gives a wrong impression
of,, the. real state bf affairs so far as
the outside public is concerned.
The substantial decrease to a very
large.number of the1 miners is given
but little publicity, which is by' no
means a strange procedure for the operators to follow, inasmuch as it is to
be expected that,they wish to bolster
up their side of the controversy and
belittle as far as possible that of their
opponents. ...      .'        ''.
The approach of winter is evidenced
on every side, there is every reason to
expect- a- shortage-of/^coal" bufvuntii"
such time as they who control the key
to" the situation begin to be inconvenienced, we may not look for any
change. Still, with the congestion at
Fort William, tho steady depletion of
stocks of coal, the huge harvest to be
done during tho past five months, all
of these instances naturally lead- to
the supposition thnt tlie. force of circumstances will necessitate some modi
fication of past tactics.
So ■ far as the miners are affected
they did not take the step hastily,
and confident in the justice of their
claims, although they are, of course,
inconvenienced 'somewhat, nevertheless their slogan is still Better continue -. to contend) for improved condi
tions even though suffering ensue,
than continue to suffer without any
John P. White. International President, of the U. M. W. of A., will reach
Fernie during the coming week for the
purpose of conferring with the Executive • Board of District 18 regarding
the existing controversy with the West
ern Coal Operators' Association- relative to the demands made by the mine-
workers for different conditions.
Mr. White, was elected president, of
the mineworkers' organization at- the
last annual election, when he defeated Tom L.' Lewis for the position of
chief executive by a majority of over
20,000 votes. ' 7
'• During his career in connection with
the coal mining industry he has fulfilled minor offices satisfactorily, and
the esteem In which lie is held as a
man of integrity' throughout the vast
area over which henhas jurisdiction,
is particularly noticeable in his own
state, Iowa (his home town being Oska-
loosa) this, contradicting the old adage
own locality.
transported and the report that owing
to the orders from their home markets demanding attention, that tho supply of coal from Pennsylvania and
other points finds a ready sale in tho
U. S„ Canadian buyers will not be able
to purchase with the, same facility
during tho winter season „as they havo
Rev. Fvather Bernard Vaughan sails
from England for Canada to-morrow
(Saturday)-the 3Qth."-"
Corbin, B. C. Sept, 25, 1911
To the Editor, District Ledger: —    ' o
Dear Sir,—Kindly publish the following in the next issue.
At a regular meeting held September 21th of Corbin Local Union it'was
unanimously carried that the members
as per list below be expelled from
our organization because of breaking
their obligations by acting as traitors
to their fellow workers, and furthermore, that we especially condemn the
action of the four English Speaking recreants because of their activity in
adding to their infamy of playing traitor to the organization that of inducing
tho foreign' speaking" brethern to. do
likewise. ''
(Signed)    RICHARD JONES,
• The following are the names of the
members who were expelled:    .
ROBERT  REDHEAD,  English."'
'   THOMAS BRACE, Welsh.
JOHN JONES, English.
TONY DIANO,        .      ,
JOE MATT' y       .   •
♦ ♦♦•♦•♦♦^♦♦■♦•♦■^
This is to notify any member of tho U. M. W. of A.
found guilty of making -false
statements with a view to obtaining relief will be prosecuted and forfeit all rights of-
♦ ♦♦♦•»♦♦♦♦♦♦■*
Urged Workman Not to
Scab-Law Plays its
Little Part   .-
Preparations are already under way
In Alberta for elections to decide upon
candidates for the provincial parliament to succeed those members who
were elected representatives to the
House at'Ottawa. .These include War
nock, Macieod; Buchanan, Lethbrldge;
nnd Bennett, Calgary.
the Calgary Trades and Labor Corned have decided to take action again..:
the. city over the recent arrest of a
mine worker named Hamilton, who
is at present behind the bars at the
police station. A resolution was passed last' night at a meeting of the
Trades and Labor Council to the effect that the council's solicitor get
Hamilton out of jail, and if a case
couhl.be made out to go after the city
1 Tliey claim the .arrest is_mQr-Olor_
ing Danger Says
United.States Press-
Insurgent's Plan
WASHINGTON, D.C., Sept. 23.—A •
coming tariff war between Canada and
tlie United States in which Newfoundland and other British colonies and ,
France and Germany will play a part
Is the prediction,this morning of politicians and statesmen.'
These authorities    now  governing
themselves for the coming presidental
campaign say that the opportunity af-7
forded by Canada's failure to pass the
reciprocity pact after America    had
thoroughly believed it would be passed
Is too good an opportunity for a gen- •
eral  tariff mlxup with several countries to be allowed to slip by the Demo- .
crats and insurgents.   Representative
Stanley of the United States steel com-''
mittee, speaking for a group of members of the house said to-night:
"The Canadian reciprocity pact was
the one measure that President Taft, ,
ii'.the opinion of the country, should
have gotten passed. His failure to bring about a pact between the two countries has hurt him irretrievably,.
"The president has failed to revise
the tariff as he'promised in hts campaign and he tried to, give the country
the Canadian pact as a sop in place of
a tariff revision. - He did not succeed
and the people will not, forgive this." .
Those interested in steel affairs are
saying that they believe Canada will
attempt some upward revision of tariffs, according to private advices from
This quotation-is from the "Compendium of Moral Theology," by Aloysio
Sabetti, S.J.:
"In cases of extreme necessity the
value of life itsaif, must- be considered
above' thatn of property. In such
extremity a man lias the right to appropriate unto himself sufficient to
satisfy his necessity. In cases of
such extreme necessity nil things become common, as at, all times It must
be remembered that life Itself is of
greater value than tho things of fortune."
Thin week a pnrty of fi. N. officials
made a trip over tho line visiting various pointh, Including Fornlo, Hoamer
nnd Mlchol, Three prlvnto cni'B con-
vnyod the gentlemen, among whom
wero J. M. Ornhor, genornl mnnogor;
O.  II,  Emmorson,  assistant  general
W, n. fimlth, division supt.i Wm,
Kelly, general master mechanic R. D.
Hawkins, supt of motive powor, and a
numbor of lessor railroad lights,
The Would-be Burglars
Grabbed and Lodged
In City Jail
About 1,15, Thursday morning, when
CoiiHtnblo .loo llourdmuii was leaving
the Tepee Hoarding House, whore ho
had been In the ordinary cotirso of bin
(IntlcH, hearing a Hllght noise In the
Club Hoiiho, ho went across lo Invostl-
Kiito, nnd lo bin surprise noted that
(he window wns opon, nnd hearing
sounds from within of Hcurrylng feet
un If nnxloiiB lo effect their getaway,
he cloned tho window, mid awaited
nt the corner for the Intruders to como
out, nn ho did not know how many
The report during tho past week
relative to the dispute between Turkey
and Italy regarding Tripoli has culminated In tho- declaration of war by
Italy, and,wo may now expect a possibility of further Huroponn complication arising out of tho conflict.
Thoro Is not the slightest doubt that
tho Turks will do everything posslulo
to enlist the Arabs on their side, using tho religious antagonism as nn lm-
p'oi'tnnt factor In creating animus for
tho "Infidels" with which nil followers
of Mahomet dub the various Christian
All coal mlnero are urged
stay nwny from Alberta nnd
Drltlih Columbia) no the strike
Is still on.
Man Leap From 6. N.
Tram Travelling at
less an.outrage, and not only that, but
bonds have been offered for his release and wero refused. The information which the Trades and Labor
Council has, is that Hamilton, who is
a miner, was asking men on the street
not to turn "scabs" and go to work in
tlio mines, but as working men to
stay with the striking miners.-
For this Hamilton wns arrested and
at the trial was fined $5 or seven
days. A number of his friends offered to pay his flno, but at tho police,
station this was refused, and a bond
wanted,guaranteeing him to get out
of town. Sovcrnl bondsmen were then
offered, but were refused, consequently Hamilton Is still behind the bars.
Tlie Trndes and Lnbor Council are of
the opinion I ho police hn'vo a frame-up
agnliiBt Hamilton, hence the resolution passed at I heir meeting.
The result of this resolution means
that the lnbor men will,-through W. T.
D, Lath woll, probo the matter lo it
finish, and If In tlio opinion ot their
Bolieilor tho arrest was unjustifiable
thoy will seek rodross lrom the-'city.
"Many mines nro working"
"And largo slilpmenlH of conl (ire
being mndo dally from tho nilnoH in
Iho vicinity,"     -
The above headlines nppenr In The
ninirmoro Enterprise, and lu practically nil oilier oxelinnges we note Insistent outcries nboiil the suffering that
iiiuM. i.'iiriiki buriiuse of hick of coal,
There must be a rift In the lute some,
f'oiiHlsKiney, thou nre n Jewel!
of parking II off. CoiiHtnblo Hoard-
mnn thon left the janitor nnd proceed-
ed to Iho homo of the Drow'H, whom ho
found John Dooloy and Hon Urow enl-
On Monday last when tho flroal. Nor
thorn  passenger train  wan- speeding
along at .15 miles nn hour, not far
from Swlntoii, u puff of wind lifted Iho
lint of a ItiiHsInn mimed Anton Wnsco-I
vlfh, off his head, rolling II. down tho!
embankment, when, without the sllght-j
est.  hoHltntlon  Iho  lldlesH  Mtmcovlloj
leiipnd out In spare, and rolling mid;
tumbling among tlie rnrks and stones|
for nbout  7fi feel, iccelwd such  In-j
Juries Hint entitled him lo a rot In;
(Im Fornlo Hospital, from which ho Is' Wlf<,r,.(.,, U)i |M„.„„H(. ',n<iy „,-,. „,„
Tjuna"darWder"*a semi-agreement "mado",
before the election as to what the Conservatives would do in caso' they won
and. that there may be an attempt to
exclude steel rails of American manufacture from Canada^ by prohibitory
tariffs. If this, or any other attempt,
to raise tariffs on American products
going into Cannda Is mado tho Democrats and insurgents acting together
havo made up their minds to retaliate
either by aiming nt Canada direct with
tariff legislation, or by attempting to
make a trade agreement with France,
Germany nnd Newfoundland. At tho
stale department it is snld that Newfoundland has been desirous of entering Into a reciprocity agreement with
the United Stales. Tho Democrats
and Insurgents will soo thnt tlio arrangement Is not allowed to drop; that
they may havo further opportunities
for tariff revision In order lo embarrass President Taft's political for- n
In fact there nro inutlcrlngH of old
lino Republicans being now willing to
I urn' to Lnfollotte, The extra session
of congress at which the pact, was pass
ed rosl the United States $1,000,000.
Mr. ChnilesO. Olovnr, president of tho
Rlpgs Nnllnnnl Hank, and ono of tho
fiiiinielni lenders of tho country, said
this morning:
"America Is In a serious business
condition owing lo Iho parliamentary
unrest, and will be until next election,
'.Many men who did not. bollovo In
lhi benefits lo this country nf nurh a
part aro now miffed at what may bo
fulled Canada's rebuff. Their pride
1« hurt. As n roiiHoqiienrn I think It
likely thnt there will be further attempts nt all kinds of tariff legislation and oh a result of the buslnesH
"Tho mines nl. CoUmiiiiii, Llllo,
IlllliTCKt, Ilelleviio and Mnplo Uuf jdcpriMHlons caused by the American nt
nro not working on such n largo j'"i'-hB "pun Ani.-rlran rlimurlal ami
hciiIo (ih those reform] to above, inimnnnorrliil Inntliutloim, now luiilwr
furl some of Ihem are doing pmctl.:Hllrred by lb.' 'failure nf Cnnndii to
cully iidthlug. while oMm-I's nre mln-'l"'«" "i" Pi"'1- ' '""- l.i: Vm.i.I in n
lng ii III Hi" ronl ami mulling small 11"'1'1'"' ,,f buslm-H., .1. lu.-wlnii In
HhlpineiitB."—Hlnlrinoro   Mnierpri"!
()nl(«  rli'ht!      The  nbove  nr«>  no!
working on nurh n large sriile ii* tlm.-c
|«i,., '<">rli"!l Instill/!' rli'iir III* '" ''Iri'tloil I
thoro were,    Suddenly n man dropped lng a Into supper, or perhaps it "would .vxpiti ted to nilso it few days Im-ik-u.:lrfM.||MK „ pound of ronl for
bo moro correct to my nn enrly lm-nk
fast. Hooley snld that ho hnd been
with the Drews nil night, so tho pair
wns arrested and locked up, Asnt.
Provincial ConBlnhle McLood rnnio up
out of iho lavatory window and rushed
off, but not boforo ho had been recognized by tho watchful officer. Almost immedlntoly nnnthor Individual
dropped from tho snmo window, only
to bo grabbed by the constable, who
confined to tho look-up,     Thin wnr'lnnvy trlnl will Vr hMd nn Vrldny.
John Drew.    Tlonrdman then nroused
tho janitor, nnd together thoy entered
tho Club promtsoa nnd upon examination found Hint entry had boon mado
WW dmvrlv   n r»lf>pr> >mi1 !ir>r*Ti lnVr,».
Thoso who witnessed tho inrhh-m nr«ii
nt n loss to undoi'stnnd hmv I he man
was not killed, bornnso tlu» slop*1 down
which lui rolled In covered wllh all
kliulii of rocks, big and little,
on the enrly morning and escorted the J nnd hnrd.nnd enn only be explained, ti-nritod with nnlnrh of Knit nliom th<
"'wun.'i/ti Ui.u II.IIUH. .Li* „|ro 0)< mngnuni nommi potato,
purjie-vfl,  nnd   then;  arc  a   number
of dtliris throughout  DlMiIrt   IS  Ihni.
nre milking no shlpim-uiM.
Hindi spuriously worded  reports of
duirp tiuinuvHMon of Hie truth Miouhl    b'-
Cniiic!   Th
lili'Hll   the
• ''Vi:
| i,b    m1  blm  '"Itli
1 solid cranium.
.'i.'J    oil
For tin? sum of ftl.!>0 n return fare
will bo given by tho Great Northern
Hallway us nn inducement for visitors
from Ptothlii lo Spokane to hlUiul tho
BIb Pair in tho Northern City of Wa«h
Mount Fernie Lodge
Tho gont, so long on pnaturo, Ib to
ho brought in nnd put to good uso
noxt Wexlnosdny night, whon somo nn-
xloim and curlcim oncB will tako tholr
llrst stop In the realm of mystery surrounding tho third-linked fraternity,
Vcnrlng hl» gonUhip may bo too
frisky, and In order that tho strangers
mny report for work n«U morning,
provision Is being made for food and
Btlmulanf, to itroflRthon tho body and
Iccop np ambition. A program of
voutl and initltum4>ntbt mu&le wlU bw
arranged, ao that a good evening*! en-
tertnlnrnont Is flssiirwl.
out of ono of tho window panes In n
nejtt manner, through which the hand
could bo introduced and tho catch
pulled back. In tho bnr-room tho till
hnd boon turned out but without success so far as money wns concerned,
ns the cash Is taken out ovory night.
Tho other contents of th« drawer wero
scattered about the floor; three empty
glasses stood on tho bar, bearing evidence of recent t>*«*«•. and the keg
from which the liquid had b«-n taken
was still running, Iho contents trickling down Into tho cellar. Kegs of beer
\w«(« lying around, ono having be*n
carried upstairs and placed near the
window, evidently with the Intention
:.;' Illl
iilll.V li'ilrrinlllg fell Mil.' to
(li!- lurid iii< hidiiiiiiii «ih the p;altl»
lil III- llMl" I'lllM, ttl>' iv>»'nf ii,. jiluv
!• lilo,'-l n;;il lliumler !'«■( |V i n'ii'lnll,
nifidit inert wllh npphiiiHO In Illumine.
by-ilie-Hush   or   Se.'ippouBe-liy.the-.Sen,
Hill   Ml  lllipll-Anvii   Vi.t,-i (ill)'  <>!   Ill)'  hlrt.'C-
t.t'.ot;; th.il he prcfeiad to tulvt: forty
'.liji!-;* In hi." rent tu u.'itrMn.; tl.) i»v-
foilimine, mill from (he few riiunimniti
We   i»lei'lie;inl   by   lho.se   p|-es< n!    'Velo
i ii)   no rneiili-  liivmiiliii'.
Saturday, there u/ih a fair fl/ed
proof or public appreciation, nnd now tho world, striking workmen in Klhn.j Knl)lor|nK |„ (j„. „nnu, i„iIMiiIh; to se«»
the management as n further Indiiro-; nro determined to win, or perish in Iho--yon Youmhi." Th«> typical Swi'illsh
m«'iit Intend to give prl7es to their' bnttlo they nre now wnglng ngiilnKt l,-j.nr.-ieterlBllrs were brought out splon-
pntrons every week.    Clear films, com j tholr employer*. jilldly by the Iraillng man David Hratt-
fortnble sonts,   excellent   munlr   imdl    Tho slitbt of sfnrvlnir women  nnd'yt'nm  ,'irnl   »»N  funrfoilfloir  proibir^i
ronstnntly   Increasing
,n   ..        ..     -     , , ■
r»r\^))-)   '*
Tho date of nomination for nil tho j lng pMuro establishment Is the bent spirit tlmt mndo Homo tho iplstrosH of
offices tinder tlx* jurisdiction of District 18, U. M. W, of A., wns September 2fith, nnd nil tlio present Incum-
lientB hnvo been wloctcd ns candidates
with the exception of Chas. Garner
(resigned) niul for tho positions held j every attention paid lo patrons Is tlwij children has often unnerved men fight-: penis of laughter from the nudlenro
hy him ns International Hoard Member I only hlnhwny to success, nnd tbes*>-ln;r for IndusrH.il «m.inrlpnMnn, nwlj Tli" inpj^r' «',v. i>y n-i nwins atr,
ihem are several aspirants, among
whom aro: Dave Reea, of flladatono
Loral. Fernie; J. A. TtippcT, of Hosmer; Tom Harries, Mlch*l; William
Graham,    Coleman;    RobL    Evans.
have' nil ix-en ntlopted by tho iniirniKe-
mmt of tho Ills
The regular monthly tea given by
tho orgitfilecd workera of Italy nn.» do-j strong. Oim young lady xpoko with
termlncd that the men of Elba willI too much «tw-ed. in f»rt, nt time* It
not have to face such an ordeal. Thoy; was dlffirult to understand wlmt was
havo mado plans tn takt tho women i»(«ld, although when sho sang thero
and children, espedtlly the children, f was a i'.«-!(!<hS '.roprov^rfifTit ftf ninaflft-
Frank; John C. Jonoi, Ilillcnut;  D.jtho Udies1 Aid   of the    Methodist)from the strike district, snd Imv* the!Hon. «nd th<»oih*»r ynimir Inly vhn ivn-
MeNab 1/othbrldgo.                              Church will he held at tho home of j men untraaamelcd In their battle lojthred "The Ganhii of My Heart" pos-
The elections will tak* placo tho
second Tuesday In December.
Mrs. .1. Hamilton, Marpherson Avenue,jnbollsh Iho horrtblo condition* under! hemes n beautiful voice and wns nc-
Tuoflday, October 3rd, from 3 lo C,       which tbey have been forced to labor. I > ordrd a well deservwl recall.
Simple Talk to the Wage-Earners}
-.7 7.   •     i *
»»*¥*»»»** ¥ ¥ ¥ V ¥ ¥X
Fellow Wage-Slave,—
The system we live under is known
as the capitalist system.. The wealth
of this system consists of a great accumulation of commodities. A commodity is a product of labor, possessing a use value, privately produced for
social consumption. The characteristics of this system is that things are
produced for profit and not for use. It
matters not to your master whether
poisonous food or shoddy clothing is
made up in his factory,.so long as he
receives from the process a profit.
He is a capitalist and not a public
benefactor. He engages you for one
purpose—the production of goods with
a view to reaping a profit. . He goes
into coal, iron, clothing or jam, with
tha tend-in view.
It is for the purpose of getting a
' profit that he allows his machinery to
be used, and when machinery is used
with that end in view it becomes capital. The system we live under is one
that has for its driving force tho exploitation of labor-power, hence wo
speak of it as the capitalist system.
At one time things were produced for
use and not for profit. It was so
under communism. At that time the
things produced were not commodities, and the means of production was
not capital; the things produced were
products, and the means of production wealth used for the production of
goods with a view to use alone- there
were no capitalists, because no capital, as we understand the term.
by paying you less than you actually
made. Your wages and not the pro-,
duct.,, The -less you get the more is
there left for the master. It is over
this "dividing up" that the "row" takes
place. Each wants as much as he can
get, and'' you struggle for that end.
What takes place between you and
your master takes place between the
working class and the master class,
and the Socialist calls the struggle of
the classes the class struggle, and
their different interests class interests.
The interest of the profit taker is-different and antagonistic to the jnterest
of the wage taker, you cannot divide
a cake so that each can '■ get the larger
Now, you know what profits are.
Suppose we turn now to wages. What
are "Wages"? Wages are the price
of labor power. How are wages determined ? Wages—the price of labor
power—are regulated by the law of
supply and demand; if labor power is
plentiful, labor-power is cheap; if labor power is scarce, it Is dear, tho
same as every other thing, on tho
market. But before labor power enters the market it already has a value,
and that value is determined by its
cost of production, that is, by the
amount of actual labor embodied in
the necessaries it took to produce it;,
but one thing we must remember, the
labor is of a specific kind, viz., socially necessary labor. • Capitalism is a
system of social production and the
labor time is social labor time; when
itself into the value'of a definite quantity of the means ..of'"subsistence, it
therefore . varies - with the value of
these -means or with the quantity of
labor requisite for their production."
—Marx. "     .
as to the desirability of exempting im:
provements from assessment as an encouragement of building. It was even
held "that the principal should be extended' at*the earliest possible date to
farm as well as city properties.   7  ,7
Increasing poverty in New York City
is reported by the Association for,Relieving the Condition of the Poor; and
out of this report those who explain
poverty by the intemperance of the
poor will gel- no help. Intemperance
is, given as accounting for only two
per cent of all the cases of poverty
reported on. Pretty soon-the game
of blind-man's-buff in the hunt for
causes of - poverty will have to be
given up. An open-eyed hunt for the
causes of wealth would soon solve
both problems.—Tho Public.
What, you ask, is capital? Capital,we speak of the worker we do so as
is that amount of wealth used in the'a social, factor. It is the labor so-
production of commodities with a view,'daily necessary that gives value,   For
to profit. To illustrate what capital
is let us take a simple example. Say,
you are "a married man." You know
what that means. And, say your wife
possesses a sewing machine. There
are three ways in which we can take
the possible use of that sewing mac
hine to make clear our meaning of
1. Your wife uses it to make clothing for you, herself, and .the rest of
the family. She makes a product and
the, machine 'remains wealth and is
hot capital.
2. She makes, besides the above
amount of clothing, a, certain amount
to'sell as'commodities, or things made
for the purpose ,of exchange instead
of for use in the home consumption.
Still that sewing' machine remains
wealth, used in the one case to produce products, in the other, commodities.
3. Say, your wife gets the money
~itcE, and"hi~ts ITpoiTthe-fdear~of~bring:r
_ ing in a girl to work that machine for
the purpose, of making things for the
market, that is, for social use, with a
view to profit; say, the intention of
your wife is money grabbing, the motive that inspires her "to find employment for a poor girl" that of making a profit out of her, then that very
intention stamps the machine as c'apl-
■ tal, for it is used in the production of
commodities with' a view to profit,
used for the purpose of exploiting labor-power.
Sometimes yor. hear the politicians
who call themselves "hard-headed,"
"practical," and "industrious," saying
that the workshop peoplo aro the capital of the country. ■ Tlie truth is thnt
tlie workpeople (that's a nice term)
uso tho capital nnd have no share in
11, or in tho things thoy produce. Thoy
do not, own tho machinery, thoy do not
own the things produced,, They aro
divorced from tho moans of production, nnd (ire forced to sell themselves
to tho owners of thoso moans—tho
capitalist. And 11 is only when tho
capitalist sees a chnnco of "making
Bomothlng" thnt ho "finds employment" for somo of thorn, llo must
havo a profit "in store," or no "finding employment." Thoro'B no sentiment or humanity nbout-his "finding
work for workpeople." Doii't you be
deluded on that question,
Where do IiIb profits como from?
Well, profit or, ns tho Socialist rails
It, surplus valuo, is simply Iho difference' between what the innntor pays
for the labor powor of tho workpeople
and the value that labor powor oivut-
en. Value Is n mineral term; the muster got very likely, valuo for his coins
In tln> slmpo of machinery. Ho kept
that, innrhlnery and you nro working It.
producing commodities In return for a
bnro existence. Tho commodities on
iho mnrkot nro realizing more value
than they cost your muster In production, That part of Iho valuo which
Iho liiaKi.T noi for nothing Ih surplus-
vitluc, or profit, and  he only got It.
instance, if you take two hours to do
a task in a backward sort of way, a
tnsk that can. be, and is, done in an
hour;' or. the average, you do not get
twice as much in return io:- the doing
of your task as other people who did
it in half the time it occupied. Your
two hours method of doing the work
was antiquated and not socially-neee-s-
sary, that is to say, that the two hours
was not the time required for the
given task under the prevailing conditions.
The valuo of one commodity is to
the value of another as the socially-
necessary labor embodied in the one
is to that embodied in the other. The
value of laboring power of the worker
is determined before he enters the
market, and all that the "corner" nf
trade unionism, if it" su'ccee'dedr" could
do,, would be to ' regulate its price.
Commoditiesmay fail or rise at different times below or above their_ value,
Tho Children's Hair
A Uttlo Extra Care Now May Save
After Years of Regret
Children play so hard that, tlio bond
perspires umJ ilie hulr has a tendency
to mat and g<:l sticky on tliu scalp.
Hono and  water doi>Nn't  <">em  to  r!>.
but, in the long run, the movements
counterbalance each other, so that com
modules exchange on-the average, at
their value. Labor power beln^ a
corrmodity, on the average, its ex
changes at its value. There is this
commodity status of labor, this buy
ji'.'. and selling of la'oo: power, like
I seam or horse power, always to be remembered. The' worker Is not a human
being in' the labor market, but so
much "power," so much productive energy to be used up, But a word moro
on tho vnluo of labor-power.
"If tho owner of labor-power' works
to-day, to-morrow ho, must be ablo to
repent, tlio samo process-in tho same
conditions as regards health and
strength, His means of subsistence
must therefore bo sufficient to maintain him ln his normal state as a
laboring individual, Ills natural
wants, such a food, clothing, fuel ond
housing, vary according to tho climatic
nnd othor physical conditions of his
country. . On tho othor hnnd, the
number nnd oxtont of his so-cnlled rio-
cesH.r.v wnnts, as .also the modes of
satisfying them, nro themsolvoa tho
product of historical development, and
depend, thorofore, to groat extent on
tho dogroo of civilization of a country,
more, particularly on,tho conditions un-
dor which, and consequently on tho habits and degree of comfort In which
tho class of free laborers lias boon
formed. In contrndlBtlnctlon, thorofore, to tho ciibo of othor commodities,
thoro enters Into tho determination of
the vnluo of labor-power a hlstorlrnl
and moral element. Nevertheless, In
a given country, nt a given period,
the average quantity of the menus of
subsistence necessary for tho Inboror
Is prnrtlcnlly known,
"The owner of lnhor-powor Is mortal,
If then his fippeimincn in the market. Is
lo bo continuous, and tho continuous
conversion of money Into capital iih-
mimes this", the seller of labor-power
must perpetuate himself Mn tho way
Hint every living Individual pcrpelii-
mon himself, by pioereailou,' The labor-power wllhdrnwn from tho inn run
by wear and tear nnd ili'iith, must no
roi'lluiinlly replaced by, nt the vory
leant, nn equal nmnunl of fresh labor-
power. Hence the Hiun or the menus
of subsistence necessary for the pro-
duel loh of labor-power nnmi Include
tlio means necessary for tho laborer's
uiiuMKiiivH, i.e., ins ciiiiuit-ii, in order
VICTORIA, B.C., Sept. 25. — An excellent beginning with its important
work of investigating assessment and
taxation conditions in British Columbia with a view toi devising reforms in
the public interest should these prove
justified was made in the initial' session today of the commission consisting of Hon. Price Ellison, minister of
finance, and C. II. Lugrin. Both morning and afternoon sittings were held
the formal constitution of the commission and the taking'of evidence or opinions volunteered by John Dean o'c-
r.M'Vng the forenoon, while after h.n-
cheon H. G. Wilson, F. A. Paulin, .0.
R. Ker, Simon Leiser and Colonel ID.
G. Prior were heard as representing
the board ,of trade .and Victoria, business interests chiefly in support of a
resolution adopted by the board in
January last suggesting an extension
of the exemption1 amount under the
income, tax and the cancellation of
the existing taxation of business stock.
The concensus of opinion recorded dur
ing the opening day of the commission's activities was ' unanimously in
favor, of the non-ta/ation of coumer-
(isl stocks and of r- slight e\tcnsioft
of exemption under income tax. As
to the wild land tax the majority of
opinion favored it as a legitimate
charge against the speculator, while
with regard to the much attacked provincial .revenue tax the majority of
the witnesses.appeared in favor of its
retention as a necessary piece of the
machinery for compelling the alien
resident to contribute something   to-
The working men and women of this
country- have many faults and failings.
Many of- them are ignorant,j though
that, is not quite their own fault. Many
a working man starves and. pinches
his wife and his little one to gamble
squandering his money; yes,' and the
lives of his family, upon horse races,
prize fights and other brutal and sense
less things called "Sport!"7 It is all
wrong, and we know, it.-" Many of our
fellow workmen drink'! wasting the
children's bread money, and making
beasts of themselves in satopns, and
that is- wrong, .too, though I do not
wonder at it when'I think of the-hills
they work in, the hovels they live in
and the dull, soul-deadening grind of
their daily lives,, But .we. have got
to struggle agalnst.it; got to conquer
the bestial curse before we can get
better conditions. Men who, soak
their brains In alcohol, or who gamble
their children's bread, will never be
able to make the world a fit'place to
live in—a place fit for little chllddren
to grow in!—John Spargo, "Common
Sense of Socialism" page 20,
Mankind are divided Into two great
classes—the shearers and the shorn.
You should always sldo with the form-
against the later.—Talleyrand.
All men having the same origin are
of epual antiquity; nature has made no
difference in their formation. Strip the
nobles naked arid you are as well as
they; dress them in your rags'and you
in their robes and you will doubtless
be the nobles, * Poverty and riches
only discriminate betwixt, you.—Mac-
hiavelli.     " '7
Thou shalt not steal. Thou'shalt
not be stolen from.—Thomas Carlyle,
Ninety per cent of the actual producers of wealth have no home that they
can call their own, beyond the end of
the„ week; have "no bit of soil, or so
much as a rooni that belongs to them;
have nothing of value, of any kind, except as much as will go Ih a cart,
have the precarious chance of weekly
wages which barely suffice to keep
them in health; are housed for the
most part'in places'that no man thinks
fit for his' horse; are separated by
so narrow a margin from destruction
that a month of bad trade, sickness or
unexpected loss brings them face to
face with hunger and pauperism.—
Frederic Harrison, Report of Industrial Remuneration Conference, 1886, p.
429.  '■■';.'
It seems to me that people are not
enough aware of the monstrous state
of society, absolutely^ without a parallel in ..the history of -the world.   With
ward-the 'expenses of "governmentTin
this province in which he makes his
living, and toward which he otherwise
would pay nothing. Simon Lels.er
indeed strongly advocates not only the
retention of this poll tax but its increase from $3 to $4,per capita. In the
matter of general property assessment
tho opinion appeared to be unanimous
a population poor, miserable and- degraded in body-and mind," as if they
were, slaves, and yet called freemen.
The hopes entertained by many of the
effects to be wrought by new churches
and schools, while the social evils of
their conditions are left uncorrected,
appears to me utterly wild'.—Dr. Arnold of Rugby.
was taught to speak, to walk, to swear,
and not to swear; to operate these
levers; to manipulate that tool;, to
fashion yonder instrument; to.control that power; to calculate .those dimensions, to- harmonize conflicting
forces, to neutralize " dangerous elements, to eleminate disruptive factors;
to keep the entire works in the most
perfect order compatible >witb7 profit
to his master; to order himself lowly
and reverently before all his betters,
teachers, pastors and masters- and
furthermore, to be tickled to death to
remain in that station of "hope "to
which it has pleased God to call him.
He must admit his skill; we cannot
fail to observe his tireless energy; and
did we stop at-his productive activity
we could grant the habit and then feel
inclined to credit the creature with
something of the God.
But when we follow him home and
observe his antics there; his Godlike
vesture fades away, his divine reason
vanishes, his Ingenuity, falls, arid his
entire attitude'changes.   : In his miserable apology for a house he takes
his rest, his recreation and his meals.
Such rest, such recreation, and such
meals!.    Where is all the wealth he
has been producing?     Did- he bring
any home?     Not a particle.   , Approach him.     Question him.     Hero is a
contingency wherein we may hope to
find an exercising of that divine reason.     Why is his shelter .so inadequate, his food so unwholesome? Ask
Ids wife, ask his father, ask his progenitors. for all time and you will be
amazed.    Fire, the wheel, the marine
compass; the telescope, steam, electrical energy, in fact all the greatest discoveries of all ages become the merest
commonplace   happenings    compared
with, the superlative , reason's he will
advance to excuse his base and terrible existence. l The reasons he has
to wear poor clothes, eat poor' food,
forego the comforts of a modern sani-
•tary home and live so far from his
place of.employment, are because the
Liberals are in power,''or because they
aro not; because we have Free Trade,
or because we have not;- because  we
are sinful and God would punish us,
or because be loves,us and chasteneth
whom, he loves; because—in short, any
thing which can be expressed in language, except that they are damned
fools,   base . slaves   and   unreasoning
habit-controlled voting animals.
" Here is, at least, one instance of the
methodless madness I spoke of above.'
That  man   who   produces   so   much,
should have less of his product,than
will suffice to supply his immediate
heeds and should still find enough energy, left  to invent  innumerable excuses for his slavery.     If this be the
act  of  reasoning  creature,   give  me
the instinct of an insect, which knows
when a horde' of parasites have biit-
There remains one consolation,
however: If this slave has been
taught to hug.his chains, he may be
taught to break them. That is the mission of Socialism. . "That is every Socialist's' task.—J. H., in the. Western
Agreement Which Ha3 Eeen In Forcj
Six Months Renewed 7   *
: '      " For Two Years
it ■
The "agreement between the Western
Fuel Company and its underground
employees, under which the local
mines have been worked the last six
years, has been.renewed for another
two years, dating from the end of the
present-month, says'the Nanaimo Herald. This agreement which has been
in operation six years, was signed by
the ,-nen's committe and the officials
of, the Western Fuel' Company Monday
night.   Negotiations between the com
pany and its underground employees,
looking toward this renewal of the ,
agreement which expired at the end „
of the present month have been conducted for'the past two weeks, and
that the question has been amicably,
settled,    and. two- years   more   of
industrial peace assured will be cause
of gratification not only to.the com-  .
p&riy and its employees," but to resident? of the city in general.     It speaks" ■
well for the officials of the company
that the terms of the working agreement   have been .so   faithfully 'kept
that the'employees'-'have  secured a _
renewal of the same without difficulty
or'hesitation;-'and with the opening of
new.mines in the near vicinity, with
vast, development. work' projected, and
two years of industrial peace assured
Nanaimo looks, forward- to  a' bright ■-
future,. with  even -j more   prosperous
days than the past has" recorded. ■'
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
Habits   Well taught
That preposterous proposition of
Descartes, "I think, therefore I am,"
has been reversed by certain scientific
individuals to rolid, "I am, therefore I
I must" confess untter failure to no-
predate tho advantago of tho change
and might bo Induced upon compulsion to aver Hint tho genornl correctness of the reverse proposition is ns
much open to question ns tho original.
The more fnct of consciousness pro-
supposing tho faculty for thinking Is
a conclusion which tho most exhaustive examination of tho fncts will fall
to support. And If man were possessed with any ordinary degree of that
so-called God-llko faculty of reason ho
would not nrrogato to himself oxnlu-
slvoly an attribute which ho denies
to all other forms of life.
The "Myself "nnd God" altitude of
mind Is ridiculous enough even wit limit expression In excellent Bntlrlcil
voi'Bo, whon observed In fin indlvidml
inombnr or Iho voting specie. But
when wo observe nlmost nil mankind
pnradlng Iho snmo offensive pompous-
nosh I he result Is nlmost paralyzing;
nnd wero It not that the absurd farce
unfolds Itself by dogrnos and nn»'or
even lo Iho most discerning mind
prevents the play In full, I verily bourse, those who do Ihlnk would end
thcli dnys in unseemly nnd uproni'-
Ions laughter. Myself mid God, wr
llilnh; our net Ions nro Iho result of
premeditation; we first, npplled divine
rcnsmii nnd Hum we acted. We differ In this import from the nnlnuls,
who Instinctively exorcise their vml-
oils functions.
"As tho stars perform their shining
ond   tho  son  Its  long  moonnllvornd
but rnther lies unrevenled, because
the brute does not wear clothes, does
not speak, nor write nor vol, for which
it should bo truly thankful, does It
The bruto, therefore, being thus
much secured from. displaying Its
folly, displays to that oxtont. so much
moro wisdom, " .
For In all those characteristics
which are essentially man's the human animal comports itself ln such un-
bounded folly, that to my mind It Is
an opon quostlon whether thoy e^alt
him above tho brute or contrariwise,
To- write at length on tho follies of
irnn would roqulre more tlmo and
spnee thnn Is nt my dlsposnl. And to
select his .greatest folly calls for n
much more dlscrlmlnntlng tnste thnn
lluf present writer enn lay claim to,
but subject to corroctlon from more
nicely balanced minds, I bog loavo to
soloct ono Instance of what appoavs
to me mothodlosB madness.
There Is abundant evidence at hand
lu any civilized country for the n«-
mimptlon that, man Is a i">tiuoiiliig
animal, We havo only to look around
nt tho primitive ntnge of nnturo and
then turn to whore the hand of mon
has been ncrtvo, nnd wo nro Instantly
ImpreifRoil by tho (Extraordinary
change. Ily Iho side of a primeval
forest, whoso lingo trees, lowering
hundreds of foot, nnd oinbrnclng with
Its fim'onclilng hosts acres of soil, a
human rrnituro wilt settle, and pro-
soul ly the entire faco of nnturo undergoes a change. Tlio foroHt disappears
and sircei upon street nppenrs, grod-
od, bound in concrete, clectrlcnlly
lighted, pal rolled by brnss-bound, blue-
clothed pollromon, nnd swarming with
men, wom^n and children. Examine
I his city moro closoly and you will
I'Vom tho nnimnls; mark you,iwm, 1 find ingenious machinery In constant
u'otihe hair I'''"vi i'":''' i*-^'""' '«'»«<' "' unuinot(iiy 1 mil if >ou in'u.uit.', the ui.W uu\i<iu1. j ujn-i.uion; >mi will nnd 11 swarm 01
ilnirorH.    Thf owners muy per|>c|ii«te lt< .'niikwanro      Myrelf and  God  are   things  npnrl  men, worn
movo   11.   onl   urn   luur  mum   lirnailin
to bn ticnltliy.    .lilKt   trv Nvnl's IUhmi-
tunu.   iiuu 11 imu lou room ot the hair
wltli   the   luiiln   of   Uib   Hinfoi-H.     Tlio
children ltk«  It and  will unit you  to,.    .,
u«<>  It.    Hlrsut-nn* lo<mfr,i» up ihe» ne-  M t.110 market
cumulated  dust   anil   pflrHiilrotlon  nm)      »rn nr(i„P in nimllfv *lw> l,,,,,,.,,, ....
tlio hair and sculp can thou ho ewtlly I      ,n nnlpr ,0 mou»>  tlie hum.iii 01 •
ami .thoroughly, clnnnft-l.  ,M_mr, lt¥ii«i| gnnlsm so thnt It. may nrqulrn skill
ilrlpd rrlvo nnnthir nnnllrntinn nf lTlr.
Muionc, Attnr you turn- iinMl 11 tor
ft whll<» you will ml in 11 it I* thnt bent
you have over mrri. Your Ny«l Drug"
Htoro wilt cheerfully guarnntuo lllrsu-
tone to do all that Ih claimed for It. 3
For Halo in Kernio mid (liimantecd by
I'.i.ij   tialiuiSiV.nn   111   \\   fc»'i«i   Jiliilldn   tl!
Industry, nnd,become lnbor-power nf
a special kind, a spoclnl education rr
training is requisite, nnd this on lis
part, costs nn equivalent In commodl
ties of a greater or l«e«Bor amount,
This amount vnrles nr-rordlnir tn Mi/»
more or legs complicated character of
the lnhnr-pnuv>r. The evprnnrn of thlg
oducAilon {excessively smull In the
case of tho ordinary laborer) enters
pro tantn Into tho total valuo spent in
Its production.
and reason, divine reason, Is the dividing line. n
"Verily, verily; the gods must noods
Winnn itiuin mm-,1 niniKH no io m-h tiuw
•lit 10 mnulkinn below."
llcason Is Instinctive, divine or other
w|«o; the fnrt l> thai mankind or nrn.
gni!.< or llttlo flil.cti sre the vorioit
rt-.'iiucs of hah" and tho hnblts 01
'hid pnrfnto* of ""'oiiilnllj' fbf> same
characteristics ns do tho men who
worship him,.
If there bo any difference between
tho mental process which controls tho
actions of man nnd thnt which seta in
motion tho brute, it Is not hidden in
"The value of labor-jvow«r w*Mt** nny im«t«phy*l<al Tt!Mlor*thlj> to G*fl,
vomoit nnd children in constant
command over this machinery; yon
will nro a constant Btronm of boots,
rniils, vi-slH. [winls, bods, tables, chairs,
tiiMK'K nnd utensils ot nil klnrtH, lumber nnd tool In ovory shape nnd form,
but why try (0 enumerate tho'.Innumerable wealth of beauty nnd utility in
supernlniiidnneo comes from tho concerted activity of this mighty, army of
producers*, nnd you will foiM impelled
to say, hero It tho rensonor, hero Is
on.* who can truly call lilmaclf tho
chosen of God.
Hut npproach him snd see what he
knows nbout his Activity or lis onuses,
and everywhere we find habit, llo
wan i»ii*hl to do It that way,     lie
Imperial Bank of Canada
'       . HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO       . •  ■
Capital Authorised '....$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed  $5,575,000
Capital   Paid   Up    $5,575,000       Reserve Furid ......... .$5,575,000
D. R.'WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. ■   ,<
Interest allowed'on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
nre wasted when it is not of
- first class quality. Knots and
' knot holes, soft spots, etc., are
of no. use, yet all have to-be"
■ paid for just the same.
0_y_B7LjJ_M.BE R '   "      ■  "
can be used. We select it so
carefully that all "culls" are removed, leaving only first class
serviceable stuff for your use.
Practice real economy by buying, your lumber here.
♦ ¥♦¥♦*♦¥•♦¥♦¥♦*♦¥♦¥♦¥♦¥♦¥♦ ¥.♦¥♦¥♦¥♦¥♦*♦*♦¥ ♦*♦*♦.
Buyers 'Guide
Spend   Your  Money  with   These
General Merchants
,   Triteo-Wood Co.
Crows Nest Trading Co.
Philip Cnrdsella
Weber's 8tore, Ltd.
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
, Home Bank
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
"41" Market Co,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Billiards and Pool
W, Ingram, Club Cigar Store,
Fernie Dairy
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P, Caroiella,
Where to put up
Wnldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal  Hotel,
Kino's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
Royal  Hotel, Nelson
Hotlv to travel
Over the Great Northern
Second Hand Store
Q, Radlnnd
When you're dry
**   1    •" _ 1 _
Real Estate
C. E. Lyons
M, A, Kaitner
Joe Grafton
Livery & Cartage
George Dartpn
Dr, Wrloleiworth
. Dr, Barber
Ron, McDonald and Lane
Eckstein A MeTaggart
Law* A Fisher
J, D, Quail
Trltes Wood
J. M. Agnew A. Co., Elko.
Sewing Machines
Wm, Barton
7  r
■D '/>I
'  '1
♦ *♦•♦*♦*♦*♦ + ♦*♦+♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦•♦*♦*♦*♦*.
♦ *♦ •/.
, -, »        ' ,    *    OMTA.st J.V
o - ....
|i'-"'S   Z<  *-   ifir.
the Con-
servation of the Coai
• Areas at Once
The presidential address of Sir William Ramsay at, the openelng of the
British Association for the Advance
men of, Science, which was held at
Portsmouth, has attracted much attention by reason of the somewhat gloomy
prognostication tho great scientist
made regarding the world's supply of
oal, the mineral in which the largest
quantity of stored up energy is concentrated.. 7 . ,v ■
' This was really but an incident in
the address which dealt with recent developments in that -most fascinating
sphere of science in which he works—
the field that lies along the border line
of physics and chemistry and touches
some'of the greatest, unsolved prob-
,' lems of the, universe.
His address was probably the most
powerful bulwark that has yet been
built around the • unitary conception
of the origin of matter on the basis of
, the atomic -. theory that Dalton constructed from the ancient Greeks, and
it must pulverize the wreckage of
.i the atheistic theories of the origin of
the universe.
It has been ascertained that the
atomic weights of more than half the
"'elements are on the'most recent computations within one-tenth of a unit
above or below'an integral number in
Prof. Mendeleff's system of periodical
classification of the elements.        °
Moreover, Sir William Ramsay has
the assurance of so great a mathemati-
-' cal authority as Pro. Carl/Pearson that
the mathematical chances against such
a ronditionbeing accidental are tweu.y
"thursand millions-'to one..
Of course it has.not yet been proVe-l
that all elements spring from the one
original element and there are those
w'ho say that even were all_.the_at_.mlc.
weights ascertained to be integral,-and
were the periodic table completely and
satisfactorily filled, the unitary hy-
pothesis would not be adequately
proved, and there would still remain
for solution the baffling problem why
■ substance made up of different multl-
.- pies of the same primary stuff should
present the wide divergences of character and behavior found ln the elements as wo know them. But the evidences of design In tho architecture of
the universe are unquestionable, even
If the designer, remains inscrutable to
the oye of science.
Source of Energy
A roforence to the enormous store of
energy concentrated In radium and liberated during its disintegration led Sir
William Ramsay to tho BUbJect of tho
energy available to tho world In genornl nnd to Great Britain in particular.
Radium itself probably exists in quantities far too small to bo of any practical use as a source of energy, but
supposing thnt like It'tho other so-
called elements are changing, though
vory slowly, with evolution of onorgy,
nnd supposing thnt somo menns could
bo discovered of making tho changes
proceed nt a useful rato, then, ho point-
od out, a now supply of onorgy would
bo put nt  tho disposal of mankind
which would niter tho wholo future of
tho rnco.   But ho made It clear that ln
his opinion there Is no warrant whatever for relying on bo romoto a possibly—"It would bo, folly to conBlder
sorlously n possible supply of onorgy
In a conceivable acceleration of the liberation of onorgy by ntomlo oliango"—
nnd othor sourcos which have been
suggested, such as .the tides,- the heat
of'the'sun, and the interal heat of the
earth,'-are all "equally hopeless so far
as can be! seen'at present. •■
In the "discovery-of new vmeans of
concentrating energy lay, Sir 'William
argued,* the 'secret of'the, whole'"progress of the human.1 race.-Stick,-spear;
arrow, crossbow-bolt,'bullet—here was
one series representing the progress
effected by successive'Inventions for
the concentration of energy. . So with
the, steam "engine! converting ohe-
elghth. of the potential energy of its
fuel into useful work, followed by the
gas-engine, using, more than one-third
of the total energy in' the gaseous
fuel. If was this power of work which
gave the British peoplo leisure, and
which enabled a small country like
Great Britain to support the population which inhabits It
Exhaustion of Fields
"Now, we in Britain are, much better
off than were , the ancient Greeks.
Each Greek,freeman had on an average five helots who did his bidding and
saved him manual labor, but the population of the British Isles is, In round
numbers 45,000,000; there'aro consumed, in our factories at least 50,000,000
tons of coal annually, and ,it is generally agree that the .consumption of
coal per indicated horse-power per
hour is on ,'an average about. ■ five
pounds. This gives seven million
h'orse;power per year. How many man
power are equal to a horse-power? I
have arrived at an estimate thus: A
Bhutanese can carry 230 pounds, plus
his own weight, in all 400 pounds, up a
hill 4000 feet high,',in'eight hours;
this is equivalent Ufabout one-twenty-
fifth of a horse-power; seven million
horse-power are therefore about 175,-
000,000 man-power. Taking a family
as consisting ■ on the average-of five
persons, our 45,000,000 would represent
9,000,000 families; and dividing the
total man-power by the number of families, we must conclude that each British family has, in the average nearly
twenty 'helots' doing lils .bidding, instead of five of" the Athenian family."
But the stored-up energy in the form
of coal which provides us with these'
'helots' is rapidly. vanishing, according to the general report of the royal
commission on coal supplies, 1906. The
available quantity of coal in our proved
coalfields is very nearly 100,000,000,0.00
tons, and if the rate of working continues to increase as it has been doing
since 1870, these fields, will be completely exhausted in 175 years.
"It may be said that'175 years Is a
mouth; the substitution of '.'recovery','
for "bee-hive" coke ovens, and the im-
provement of domestic heating and
cooking arrangements. Iu connection
with the last point he suggested .the
imposition of a sixpence fine for each
smoky domestic chimney.'
. Permanent Commission
""What can.be done?" he enquired
again. In: the first placed a permanent commission, similar to that initiated by Mr. Roosevelt in America
should be created to take stock annually of the nation's store of natural energy and to do what is possible to
lessen its rate of diminution.
"Two courses are open to us," Sir
William said in conclusion. "First
the laissez-faire plan of leaving. self-
interested competition the combating
of waste, or, second, initiating legislation which, In the interest of the whole
nation, will endeavor to lessen the
squandering of our national resources'.
This'legislation may be of two kinds;
penal, that is, imposing a penalty on
wasteful expenditure of energy-supplies; and helpful, that is, imparting information as to what can be done, advancing loans at as easy'rate'of interest to enable reforms to'be .carried
out!'and insisting oh the greater prosperity .which would result from the use
of more efficient appliances.
long time." Sir William observed.
"Why I myselMiave seen a man whose
father fought in'the year '45 in_the.
Oil Resources of the Empire'
"Coal Is an effete fuel." This is the
starting commentary of Mr J D Henry,
the authority on'oil, upon Sir William
Ramsay's address, before the British
Association. Mr. Henry advocates oil
as a coal substitute and speaks optimis
tically of the possibilities of the colonial oilfields. ■
-A representative made some Investiga
ttons recently with regard to coal substitutes in generaraiid the-oilfields of
the empire in particular. The coal
substitutes taken were coal gas, electricity,',oil and peat. The immediate
future — at any rate, so far as our
centres of population are concerned —
appears to He with coal gas. This is
evidenced by'the extraordinary growth
in the public demand for gas cookers
and gas fires. Whereas in 1900, within the London postal district, there
were.3.879,439 consumers of gas, and
S37.253 cooking stoves in use, there
were last year 6,501,273 consumers and
2,747,671 cooking stoves. According, to
figures provided by an official of the
Gas Light and Coke company (Limited) ' (who supply about three-fourths
of London),'this company have now in
Whereas electricity stands supreme
as an illuminant,, it cannot compete
with gas In domestic life as an economical heat producer.' Electrical energy at l%d per unit Is stated to prove
seven times as costly in the.end as
gas at 3s. per thousand. . As a gen-
substitute.for coal electricity must be
passed by for.the'present.
Oil has a great immediate future in
less populous districts, if the public
can be,given greater confidence in its
resources. The control by trust and
constant fluctuation in prices has made
many timorous of its use. There is a
rapidly growing demand for oil fuel for
marine purposes. As a substitute for
coal in the navy it has immediate use,
while recent developments in the
Clyde indicate a development of the oil
fed internal combustion engine for general marine work. The admiralty will
of course, make every endeavor to secure independence of the present supplies of Russia and the United Statos,
and a, serious development of the resources of the oversea dominions may
be expected to follow. 'As it is these
countries cannot show a very striking
record for their oilfields. Thc<?pro-
vlnce of Ontario, Canada's principal,
source of oil, produced 36S.987 barrels
in 1881, In 1907 it produced 7SS.872
barrels, but last year the output dropped'to 314,410 barrels. As some 53,-
604,053 gallons of crude oil were imported into Canada last year, the Dominion will have materially to increase
its output before it can independently
help the mother country. Western
Australia can show no oilfields at present, but with encouragement from
England it would not be surprising to
find it rising to meet the demand.
New Zealand has been striving for four
or five years:to add oil to its known
mineral wealth. It presence was prov
ed at'Katuku in.1908, but the prospectors have experienced difficulties by
water flood, during the boring operations. The greatest optimism, however prevails. Burma is a star of hope
with at least one district company for
exploiting its oil, whilst the Transvaal may add yet another item to its
array of mineral wealth. ".'
In reviewing oil resources within the
Empire, those of Scotland must not be
overlooked. Its output- of crude oil,
jipart from valuable by-products, Increased between 1871 and 1907 from
23,000,000 to roughly 64,000,000 gallons. . These, oilfields are in close proximity to the new naval base ' at
Kosyth. ,
The development of domestic heating and lighting', by oil is making
steady progress. '   Portable oil lamps
Pretender's side, nearly 170 years ago!
In the life of a nation 175.years ls
a span."' ' *
Problem Confronting Races ,
What, then, was to .be done? The
British Science Guild, which has1 formed a committee to investigate our avail
able sources of energy, had brought
the following subjects under review;
1.   Tho tides. '
The Internal heat of the earth.
Tho winds.
Solar heat. v
Water power.
The extension of forests nnd the
uso of wood and peat as fuel.
7. Tlie possibility of controlling tho
undoubted but almost Infinitely slow
disintegration of the elements with the
vlow of using their stored-up energy.
Tho conclusion arrived at was that,
aourcos 1 to 5 aro negligible in this
country when compared with tho coal
flupply, while "it would be folly to
consider seriously • a possible supply
of energy in n concolvnblo acceleration
of the liberation of energy by atomic
change," Thero remained sourco No.
6, nnd to slato-nidod nfforostatlon Sir
William admitted that he attached con-
sldornblo value.
His clilof hopo, however, lay,in tho
coiiflorvntlon of our conl reserve. "It
is to tho more economic use of conl
that wo must look In order that our
life ns'n nation may bo prolonged."
Among tho many ways In which this
economy could bo effected woro: The
substitution of turbine for reciprocating engines; tho further replacement
of turbines by gas engines; the manufacture of electrical power at tho pit
use. upon their services-145,000 gas
fires and 6,000 hot water generators.
"An interesting point to note,", said
this,official, "is that over 2,100 of the
gas Sires mentioned have been installed within the past two years in the,
living rooms of medical men, This is
surely an indication of the hygienic
worth of a coal gas fire.'' The question of economy in direct comparison
with coal is a mixed one. Coal gas
used Intermittently for heating purposes in the household has undoubted
advantages, but when used continuously is somewhat more .expensive. If
comfort Is taken Into consideration
then conl gas Indisputably scores. The
fitted with incandescent mantles have
existed for some time, and are steadily gaining in popularity where gas is
available.- , Oil stoves have also improved greatly of late,' Unfortunately'the promiscuous handling of oil has
its dangers.
Lastly comes peat. The British
empire has two principal peat sources
—Canada, with bogs of 30,000,000 acres
and Ireland with 2,858,150 acres. The
preponderance of moisture In virgin
pent necessitates certain drying and
brlcquettlng processes to glvo It the
heat-producing' value of coal. Sold In
brlcquettes it has' the advantage over
coal of containing, mass for mass, a
nvorngo price of coal gas through the much smaller percentage of sulphur,
United Kingdom stands at about 2s. but Its cost to the average consumer
lOVfcd. per 1000 feet. lis more than that of coal;
Cost of Living and
Flaky Biscuits
Delicious Cake
neaitfttu! rood
made with
Written for "The"Week" by nn Oxford,of money which
1-iofessor of Economics
1 ho statement has repeatedly hten
mndo, thnt tho proposed agreement
with tho United Stntes will lower tho
prices of the necessities of life, nnd
thnt tho benefit of thnt reduction will
go to tho workors, Both clnusos In
thnt atntemont nro false nnd misleading, The agreement will not
lower thoso prices, nnd if It did, tho
workman would not get the benefit of
tho lower prices for moro than tho
shortest spneo of time,
Tho first half of this claim In eafllly
disposed of. If the law of supply
and demand menus nnythlng, it
means thnt when tho American
worker enters the 11. C, mnrkot to
buy foodstuffs nnd othor iiiiturnl pro-
duels, prices will not fnll, but rise.
Tho prices of ninny nnliirnl products
nro nlrendy IiIrIi, bornuso tho supply
nrtuolly on tho mnrkot Is short, nnd
tho addition of the American to tho
II. C. deinnnd Is bound to raise those
prices still further.
Hut we will suppose, for the snk«
of argument,' that a largo increase In
tho supply of natural products follows tho agreement, and prices fall,
riven fn turn ense tho workman rnn«i
illii   ItO.KJ   li)   tii.ip   t.iki   ilVlWii.   Of   tfrti . iJUillu      t'i'll.t.      it|,0
lower scale for any length of time.: wrll-iuraiiliig  peop!"
Imkaum wnge* will Inevitably a<,foro-:tlu|Mv  men  b:
It   tnkcB   to   feed,
Here is an employer wanting' to buy
iabor arid. a prospective employee
wanting to sell it. They meet, in the
market', which Is any place where
men are engaged. The employer
■ hiring of the most he can afford to
can be induced, to take. These two
mental reservations, call them reserve
prices if you like, fix the limks u.-
side which the wage will fluctuate according to that law of supply and de-
man so often . quoted. The workman also fixes the least he will take,
at. an amount governed by just the
same consideration, namely, what it
costs him.to live, and will generally
Include his little luxuries In his minimum. There are certain, things he
will have. If their price is high the
minimum wage which be will accept
is high. If their' price Is low he will
tako a lower, minimum. Even while
a man may1 be thinking of the current rates rather than of these
maxima and minima, the wage which
he can get ls nono the less surely
fixed between those limits.
Within theso two the law of supply and demand has play. If there
are a few laborers and many jobs,
wages aro high and tlie workman
does well. But ho does well out of
the margin above his minimum, and
not out of the whole. If there are
many laborers and few jobs then
wages will come down to the minimum level, which Is 'the normal state
of affairs in most countries, since a
rise of wages anywhere attracts an
inrush of labor whenever it becomes
well known, and down comes the
margin to zero.
All this is very elementary, and it
should not be necessary to dwell upon it at any,length. Neither is it
necessary for us to point out how
that margin may be affected by the
action of trade unionism. All that wo
are here concerned with is that the
normal rate of wages in an , open
market tends always to the actual
figure which represents the cost of
living, and in any case is absolutely
greater or less according to the
amount of that first charge.   -
We deny that an increased demand
on the men who are even now. making an insufficient output of food can
do anything but increase price. We
assert without hesitation that .the
most we can expect is an increase in
the supply to meet the new demand
and keep prices level: and we maintain that, even if these prices should
fall, wages must inevitably take the,
new scale as a- minimum,, and fluctuate somewhere above that, as they
_did_.somewhere-abQvo.the.old. If—you-
lower prices   you   will   soon   lower
wages to match.—The Week.
(Ed.—The reason that the above article was published in the columns of
The Week, a strong supporter of the
Conservative Party, Is, we assume, as
a refutation of the economic fallacies
that have been so persistently presented by the adherents of the Liberal
party when proclaiming that tho benefits accruing to the consumer by virtue of decrease in the cost of living
would not affect the scale of wages
adversely.    We may state that tho arguments advanced by the political opponents of tho Pact viewed with oven
a superficial analysis in tho light of
political economy   wero   exceedingly
shallow, but It is not with tho pros nnd
However, It Is not with tho pros nnd
cons of either side that wo nro so
much interested In tho present Ins-
Unco but'that our co-lem. In his zeal
lo oxposo tho weakness of his opponents has likewise disclosed the truth
of the contention of tho Socialists that
thoro Is no Identity of Interest botweon
the Inborer and Iho capitalist, but, on
tho contrary, (heir respective positions
of buyer nnd sollors must necessarily
bo antagonistic,     This  Is  the  ronl
status, and tho sooner thoy who aro
compelled to bo tho Boilers recognize
that thoy aro of no moro consequence
thnn nny other commodity, thnt nil
tho talk,about tho "rights of tabor,"
"fair day's wago' for a fair day's work,"
otc, aro equally as loglcnl ns It would
be to ndvocato "tlio rights of butter,"
or "a fair day's supply of oil to a
threshing machine," Iho tpilckor   will
thoy determine to be musters of themselves, change their coininoillly-stntus
nnd bocomo MUM and WOMEN with
aspirations nnd ambitloiin above thnt
of moro things,)
A deposit of One Dollar opens a savings
account in the Homo Bank and Full Compound
Interest is paid at the highest bank rate.
There is no formality in opening an account—
call in and leave your name and address and
take your = pass-book.. If you are away from
town and need money you may make a withdrawal from your account, with the Homo
Bank, through the mail.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
Capital   Paid   Up   ,...' $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets   40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton • has made
saving simple—by eliminatln gall unnecessary I}ank formality.
An account may be opened with tlie
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act as an incentive to
steady saying and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while.
Head Office:
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
clotho rind house tho, worker, besides
supplying him with any luxuries ho
may refuso to do without, If prices
are low, then that production—cost of
lnbor—-tho minimum wage—will bo
low' If prices are high, then tho
minimum wago will bo high nho.
This in tho renson why wnges nro
normally higher where prices ari»
higher, as In the towns, and lower
whoro prices nro lowor, ns In the
country: thoso nro fncts woll known
to nil who do business In nny form,
but thoy could bo supported by the
nuthorlty of the most eminent, economists, Including Karl Minx
In Englnnd living costs nbout two-
(birds of Its cost here, nnd wnges are
proportionately lower.    Tliey nro fur-' 	
ther depressed by the over-fliipply of1 . .   .
labor,   especially   casual    labor.   ».:    Tho wol(|y Wm™1 >,,,,n    "ffo,',lH
that. In this pnrtlrulnr ense tlio uc^'ik^iiiikth nu easy nnd sun^v.y of
iunl wnges paid aro not. onlv Infln-!ninW"K Pf»vliiloii tor tlio tlmo when
oncer!, and absolutely fixed  by t|,0'.«li««r t-nrnlnB powom Ikivo«-;.»c,1. 1 or,
minimum upon whirl, .. man ran n^p: ex..mi»Io. If a man nt present nice.! 10,
body nnd soul together. |^nrfl woro ,0 ,l0Il°«,t wllh "", '/"T!
Let, ono   inslnnro   suffice    lo    II-,1in" Government. «t n week .mill   he
liiHtrnto   the   conditions   In   the 01.1 .■«'" ";' \i]w repose of buyln
Country.     Th*  niisklllort   lahor    of ^nnn-llnn (ln.wnn.ont   Annuity,
CilnHgow Is nmorig iho worst   pnlldi
lahor    in    the    United , Kingdom
Joe Grafton
Jl3«  >•/•
would receive $201 n yenr for th-
' n
     .      '•   .....   '...jii, .k...«   .i   ...
. ,. \uW<- lu- war  Wi what  he hnd
tiiiiiWujr     ot,. , ,   ,   _  »
tried    to   |,0|p 1" ^m,'n,,'n,p,, nt sPpr ron* ^'N'1
pmrMInc  th*m  with1 |M °"'Bl  wouM   ,,fl   rof"n,,c,,   U)
modulo themselves  to  tlio lowered!cheap   housing   at    non■commc^:Inlj',c,^|,■
cost of living. rates.    The only ronsequonco wnB n|   VM    pnrtlriilnrs    cnnrernln';
I this derrenso In Ilie rost of living,
i»il1   \it,H([,    rtljUllllK-lll.   'It.   »ilJllil'llillitfj iliMlU't    K.'tiul.'llilli
lllko this:
•Yon D. C. workmen got high J Or tnko ' nn Illustration nearer
wages, but you hnvo to pay to muoh borne: Aslntle labor Is normally
for your keep that your wago is not cheaper thnn European. If you enro
nearly as good as It looks. Pass Ho- j to nsk tho next workman you meet
Hprrvltv and th<> ennt. of your Hvfnsr why thnt ,« so ho will tell ym> pretty
will go down, while you pocket the [vigorously that iho Asiatic can live
dlffMwir*," <m ripvf tn nothing,     In other tcord",
ll'AH,V.h 1(1  HJIHItt   * •■' -*  '-"•   '■•■"'" "»  ""•*  K>"''   ""
the nn«' of flvo years If ho or sho  -hi
a,»|Iy to the Superintendent, o! \).\ni<.
dlan t'.ovcrnmont Annuities, Oi» nvi,
Sti.to n»'<> Inst birthday, tho nsro at
which annuity Is desired to hiKin and \
the nmount which you wnnt to p»y ■
<-,.( h work, nnd tho 8t]pcrIntond«nt will:
loll you what amount of nnnibv* th*'
Aftronlanft Races Evcrv Dav
* .i *       *
"Pioneer Days  In the Palouse"
IM20.000 Will  lie Spent on This Exhl*     t        i
billon \     ill
Greatly Increased Prices
Many New Clsiie*. Open to All
ll'i Ut JV /Yriiium IM o»nl 'Mi'v l+tx/ram
217  Hutton  Block,
n ti
the wig© he Is prepared to take ajj*ymfnts will buy.    Write Umlnht.
The product of
No A urn
Lime Phosphate
All this it vory charming, but
fortitnalo quite Illusory, for tho \ wculated W his low standard of
pHco or labor la determined not - living. He may mako moro In time*
only by demand and supply, but, like j of eacepttonal amcltjr of labor, bat
<>v*ry o«fc*r fwl<*. *y tt*. cxvtt *f pro-; h* fan alw*y« b# obt«ltM>4 at a Iowt
durtlon. A mannfar»i»r(»r cannot ro!rs»^ lh»n « white man of wjiml *ttt-
on selling at an average price lower jdency. because whether through
than tho average cost of production' lower prices or parslmonloiti living,
of th* thing ho le tasking. The coitihe <an wist on less,
of production of labor la the nmouttf   To state tbo cane qnlto generally.
Cfectric Restorer for Men
., « ,m 11 ir.ilKf   Kww»tnn» ifi-eir xn f if I .i-nmt
*mVi*.»m tmtH it er-tt.   Ffm«|»h«»ni»l will t
m«k*).r»ine*m»n.   I'rfc«J*a t-ot_r.r t«* l"«
<:n„ Nl. ( »lli*f lrl<«, Unl,
rti«H<x)Wn llrnf
For Sate at Bltaidstl'a Drug Store '...,, . .If;
Published every Saturday,morning at.its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 07 Subscription.$1.00
per "year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in'the District. Advertising rates or application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all comnvunicatjons to The District Ledger.
J.- W. BENNETT, Editor. ,
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No, 380
marching with ho measured tread upon the government citadel at Ottawa, in such vast numbers that
the new. Minister of Agriculture will probably be
compelled to apportion, an extra' large quantity of
seed for the purpose of restoring tb the lawns'surrounding the parliament buildings their pristine
verdurs.       , ' '"''•-,
The well known signs "Keep off the grass" have
had no deterrent, effect upon the cohorts of the • .      "unionism."
Conservative party, and indeed why should tliey ?)To the mitor> ^stYict ^^^
Because, in all seriousness, they may advance as an
THE truly philanthropic thoughtfulncss bestowed-upon trades unions by capitalistic agencies
of publicity urging that they should be very careful
not to harm themselves by rash and unconsidered
action is enough to make angels weep.
Tn the early days of the labor movement, when
trades unionism had its birth, vilification and sage
(!) counsel were each in turn addressed to individuals advising them to stand sternly on Lheir
"rights" as.men and refuse to become the victims
of industrial tyranny, suggesting, even most pathetically, the advisability of making known their
demands to the ever benei'icicnt employer who
when nssurcd of the justness of theirclaims, would
graciously concede them. v Such exhortations
pleasing in sound, and making exceedingly good
rending in a novel entitled "The Drive of Industrial Peace; or the Identity of Interest Between
, Master and Man," was, and is, like the dodo rarely
met with; but, on the contrary^ tlie supplicant for
better conditions, coming as a unit, was more frequently greeted with "Your demands are absurd
and unreasonable, and if you do' not like conditions under which you are working, you are 'at
perfect liberty to go elsewhere.".. There is no
•eausc without,-M.ffeet. ■ Constant repetition of such
incidents as the one quoted eventuated in the crea
tion of unions, and collective bargaining, where
large bodies-of wage workers were involved in
contradistinction to the unitary method. Craft
unionism or single- trade unionism, having
served its purpose in ' the process, of evolution, has now reached the end of its usefulness as
an effective factor against combined capital, to cope
with which more successfully industrial unionism
is imperative, Hence.the explanation of its growing- tendency, which, coupled with the desertion
from the ranks of the two old political parties, and
a determination to support parliamentary representatives sworn to espouse the class interests of the
* Our-Letter Box"
The District -Lodger accepts no responsibility for the views expressed by its correspondents. Communications will be inserted
whether, signed by tho real name of tho
writer or a nom "deplume, but tho writer's
name-and'address must bo given to tho
Editor as evidence cf good faith. In no case
will it be divulged without consent.
irrefutable- argument that having been "kept off
the grass" for lo! thes many years, in fact more
than twice the length of the historic seven lean
years, that now is,the accepted time "to make hay
while the sun,shines." ■ '      ' "
Those prevented from making a personal request
upon the Guardians of the Government' Granary,
because of the excessive cost of transportation, are
availing themselves of the facilities afforded by
II. M. mail sack to convey their petitions for places
to be awarded to them in recognition for the valuable services with such signal results on the memorable twenty-first day of September.
How many patriotic (!)-'Conservatives solely
n'etuated by pure disinterestedness (to be sure!)
have already made application-for positions within
the gift of the government situate in the City of
Fernie we know not, but. if Dame Rumor (a fickle
jade, 'lis true) be worthy of any consideration as a
»ossip, the number of those desirous of serving in
n public capacity is large enough not only to man
every position of the different departments inside
the local Federal edifice, but also establish a nirai
free delivery to every cardinal point of the cily
confines as .well as a corps of landing waiters at all
the railway depots, Morrissey, Pernio and Michel
inclusive. •„
For years past there have been' talks made of the
establishment of Civil Service, but so far its existence is largely of a perfunctory character and, undoubtedly many of those now hungering for "the
flesh pots of .Egypt" would present excellent arguments against the adoption of any competitive ex-
aiiiination.to demonstrate their fitness for the coveted offices, because forsooth, "the time is not ripe."
however, the plums of office are. We do not know
who has been selected as the local Chief Dispenser
of Patronage, nevertheless, there is one positive
certainty, his will be-no sinecure, nor will any of
the favors he has at his disposal have to be advertised through the "Wants" column to prevent their
being shop-worn or moth eaten.
Those opponents of any tendency to paternalism,
fierce in denunciation in the ordinary course of conversation, will now be as meekly dumb as the pro-
,yei;bial clam, until0it has been definitely decided
,who is to be the fortunate appointees of those soft
billets where the expenditure of energy is in inverse
ratio to.the monetary compensation accorded when
we may hear tIiT!IisgrunriM"^n^WllyT:6TfirTrom"
the cave of temporary silence'and once again loudly
advocate the early establishment of Civil. Service
regime. To the bystander who stands without the
wall of the corn crib, Iho antics of the horde of
hungry officio seekers are delightfully amusing, and
our only regret is tbe inadequacy of our pen to
pourtray ,them with thnt vividness of description
which the subject so justly merits. ,-
workersTls onlyTiewecTwith alarm by tlie apologists of the laissez faire school of political eeonom-
, ists, than whom there is no abler exponent than
"The Spectator' of London (Eng.) The issue of
tlie above mentioned -weekly, dated September 22nd
under the heading of "Topics of the Day,' has two
articles most ably written entitled ''The Hopes
of Labor," and ."The Trades Disputes Act,"' the
length of which, unfortunately, precludes us'from
criticizing ns fully as desired. It furnishes excellent food for thought, because in its- analysis it,
',-undly any justly discloses some of -1 lie weak
points in tlie armor of Ihose, who today are prominent in the labor movement in Great Britain. With
it8 criticism of individuals we refrain from common I, but with its arguments, of the typical bourgeois stamp, do most assuredly' take issue,
In both articles alluded to freedom of contract
is the dominant note, whereas we contend this is
a mere legal fiction without foundation on the economic field, because freedom1 presupposes a parity
of conditions which, in the case of him who only
possesses labor power, must dispose of same in order
1o live, thus effects complete stultification of "freedom."    Labor force lacks all the elements of properly.    The seller cannot separate himself from it.
nor have it taken from him, except by his desiruction.     Tl exists nnd dies willi the laborer himself.
Wlmt rights could tho purchaser of labor assort if
he were to pny for it in advance' and tho seller refuse delivery?    "Lnbor cannot be replevied, cannot be taken on execution, cannot; be attached; it
does not go into the hands of nn administrator, nor
descend to heirs. .  It is inseparable, from mini—it
is iniiii hiinsiill',    Labor can only bo properly if tho
laborer himself   is    properly, conseqiienlly only
slave labor can lie property, but not wage labor,"
Lnbor power is a coiuinoiliiy. and like every coin-
nindily, on I lie iivenige exchanges upon Ilie base
of its cosl of production, but with litis difference,
llllll Hie IWO-legffrd ruiiiiiiodily is a hi'iilieul lilllnan
beiuu', nnd ,ve| Ilie same iron law applies in him Dial
does lo dl||cl"'i'ii|iilii<i(|itics of cNflii'iniic. To il-
lii-iinilc -l-'reedoiii i!4 cnnsitb-ivd from it puliti-'iil
iiml not from an economic stimilpoiiil, iilthntudi
most cimifiii'is nre of an economic elm racier, ntnijSniinlile expressions ought to open wide the doors
a inin-'r f;iu:io| niiil.e a valid coiilracl, hul a sliirv-inf !ln- hostelry lo which Hisuuirck consigned Lieb-
ing man enn, yel in lnw the Inlcr is deemed a five I Ifiicehl for lese mnjeslnl, Those lofty soiitimeiitH
ngeiit. The lnw bii-.cd upon, oi" rathfi* boii'tg th"1 lliiil are engrn'ved upon the heart of every patriot,
fruit of. our criiiiuiiiie sy.slcui presupposes n free-i "Dulcc e-^ e| deconini ]iro pnlrin more" (ITow Hwnd
dom of will where lliere i.s no freedom «f choice, a I il is lo die for one's cowitrv) will, ere loin.', have
pnliiiible imposKihiliiv. " i no loib'i'ment ■. hut   itrmmiinioiw an (his must, lie
Mu-h ns they who would lU'.e. coniwpienl upon I even lo
'Tnl'TE war lord of Europe, Kaiser Wilhelm, ever
* anxious to make a display; of his military and
naval forces, must indeed feel incensed al the cruel
manner all of his best laid plans have been so ruthlessly shattered.
For months past the war scare lias been exploited
hy the press upon a scale'so gigantic and elaborate
lliat the ordinary obsei'ver became totally unable to
miderslnnd by what marvellous intervention the
clash of arms could be nvcrfod,
Tho scenario carefully outlined in nil details, the
casts selected for the various roles, whilst poets
and penny-a-liners wero busily engaged stringing
their muses iii anticipation of working overtime to
provide the natives with panegyrics. But alack
nnd nlnsl every hope of ascending Mount Parnassus
lies prone at the foot—i.e., lo ho consigned to the
lender mercies of W.'P.B.
, Who are' tliey thai are responsible for such dire,
results? Who are thoy Hint thus crush tho laudable patriol ism of the Pnn-Gormnnic section 1 Val-
oi'landlos Social Democrats, who should he cast into
(inter dai'hness, nnd willi tongues extended far
downwards, nol allowed Iho slightest drop of Mini-
cheii's famous beverage, hul condemned Ihroughoiil
nil lime lo eat prol/cls aiul weilierwui'sl,
To wind depths of dogrndiilion have lhe.se sillr
versionisls descended when they have Ilie effrontery lo roundly applaud such nnti-palviolio senli-
lneiils lis Ihose iillered by Hie lillle wilgoninilkci',
Auiriisl Ileliel, who, a I .Teiia recently said "The
whole of .Morioi'o is not worlh Hie sacrifice of Ilie
life of a siiurle ficriiian workingninii."    Such Iron-
I'Vnile, II. f!„ Sept. 2Slli, 11)11
To  Hie   I'M'tnr,   Plrtll'lct.  LoilKflf!
Hciir fill-,---Would iiitlf n llttlo Hiwcfl
In your vnlnnlilo paper lo report tlio
'■' Im (ViliD 'd l.i.J Jrein V.futlcy, ln-iiv
ntemplnle. it is si ill further nceentnntc'1' pniicur'tcr, KimJiuul.   When tliey land-
Dear Sir,—Much has been said and
much is being said, not only by certain
sections of society, but by some of the
disciples of Marx regarding Unionism
and its effects.    ~
The endless chain of Industrial strug
gles all over the world at present is
creating a fear among the wealthy
and their laymen, :,and the blame for
the existing' turmoil is attributed to
We can hardly expect anything else
but ridicule from an undeveloped brain
and we can only, like the man that got
kicked by the mule, consider the
source, '   '
It is evident that gigantic organizations are springing up in tlie different
industries all over, and it is better
that It should be. To, remain obsequious would be like digging,our own
grave. We could never reach that
coveted goal, nor yet could we have
brought about brotherhood—that brotherhood' that we perceive growing
among men if,, we had remained unorganized. , It is the struggle, with
difficulties that produces man's best
powers,- and , the binding together in
the different spheres of labor, the
standing firm together on the field
that will create the incentive for brotherhood, and although meeting with
defeat, it is from failures that man
receives his best lesson,, and when he
discovers that partially combined efforts will not force the masters from
their pinnacles, a remedy will certainly bo sought for.
It is'admi.ted that strikes will never
solve the problem, but it ia the-result
of such struggles that has enabled the
workers to get better conditions to
work under. If we had never formed
a union bur chances for development
would have been infinitesimal. -Our
fare is meagre enough and if we are
to conquer' that huge 'monster by ancient spiritual and, intellectual wea7
pons we'will accomplish our ends
much easier' bn a fairly nourished
body than we could possibly do on a
shattered frame!
Socialism is rapidly gaining ground
in the ranks of labor unions, the multitude of workers" connected therewith
can be easily, reached, otherwise it
would have been slow progress. The
future.. of Socialism when in power
can "only be based upon hypothesis,
Are a-valuable and nutritious laxative
fruit, owing to ang active medicinal
principal., ■   .•■ 7 K,' .*..,. •    - '
contain the-active-principal of Figs
combined with otlier valuable medicaments and are guaranteed to. cure
BOWEL TROUBLES.', At.all dealers
25 cents per box, or the Fig Pill Co:,
St. Thomas, Ont. . >, . .
but it.will be unions, co-operative and
municipalities', controlled by^ the state
that will require- to handle the various industries, therefore, the workers
are forming 'the unions and cooperatives, while the Capitalists are developing the economic side of the programme, which is paving the way for
Socialism.   .
I may be traveling rathor fast about
the future of Socialism, hut' when wo
perceive how rapidly capital is becoming concentrated and the momentous rapidity, of intellect growing
among -the workers, ono cannot refrain from Inheriting tho idea that
the proletarian regime Is not far distant.     ' ■ ■
Society industrially ls divided into
two classes,, a Capitalist class and a
Working class. When wo begin to Investigate wo find mines, mills, factories, railroads, forests, flolds nnd all
educational Institutions'coupled, with
the iron fist, In tho hands of one class,
and then wo discover that Society Industrially ls orgnnlzod nnd managed
for part of society, nnd Unit part Is
certainly not the Working clasB.   ,.
The outstanding feature In tho British strikes was the Iron fist, Tho action of tho capitalist class in forcing
out tho soldiers will havo a powerful
offect on many a man with a growing Intollect.' Thoso fools forced out
lo protect, private proporty aro dond
to .ho fact that, thoy have no property ot tholr own' to protect, Why
can nny sano man liliuno unions? It
Is that mighty octopus, that lingo morni-
lor that Ih Hprondlng out Its tontncloR
Hoeldng whom It may dovour, hissing
forth and ejecting Its Inky fluid, con-
tiimlnntlng everything that It comes In
contact willi, CapltnllHm Ih nt tlio
root of tho ovll. Unionism Ims nothing
to do with It, and to chiuigo tlio pre-
Mint Social Hyp lorn wo must apply
tJo.riflnalloii, Qrgnnlzo socloty nnd
inimngo It for Iho lionnflt of society as
n whole and not for part of Hocloty,
llion, nnd then only will wo ho able
to cuiiKo HiIk lndiiHtrlnl turmoil nnd
plnre noddy on a proper biwlii.
Y(iui,( In sympathy,
to   Corbin  where  they  are believed
to be working as scabs, „    , ,   '
The names of these two are:    '
and I would suggest that if any member of our organization who takes the
Ledger has friends near where they
come from that he will send this copy,
after,he has read-it, so that their acquaintances may know what kind   of
creatures they are.
Thanking you for the courtesy,
I, am, „
' Yours truly,
77    ALEXANDER. LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL; - $10,000,000 \RESIV-7 $8,000,000
Fernie, B. C,
To the Editor, District Ledger:—
DearSir,—Enclosed I send1 you a letter from Rev. C. W. Gordon, replying
to one I wrote to'him about the differences between what I said and what
Mr. Wilson's figures showed. He fig-
g'ured it out as if I had got $3.80 a day,
giving the number of days worked at
37, when in reality I worked 38% days
in 1911, and my average day's wage
was $3.24.
I hope you will publish this, because,
if it only seems small on the face it
is Just, the same a big difference when
you come to look into it.
'^     ''    (Signed)    A.  WARING.
August 15.  1911.  ■
■Mr. A. Waring, Fernie, B.C,
My Dear Sir,—In connection with'
the statement made by yourself 'be
fore'the Board of Conciliation and
the records of the Company, as presented by Mr. Wilson, while it is.
true tliat they- do not harmonize,
it does not follow either that Mr.
Wilson told a falsehood or that you
were swearing to a falsehood: In
occasions like this there is- always
, room for a difference in the method
of reckoning, and if the matter were
gone into thoroughly ■ I have no
doubt that the difference- between
your statement and . Mr. Wilson's
could .be explained in such a way
1 as to discredit neither of you. As
the matter now stands, you have
" each madeyour statementlbefore_ihe_
Board, ■ The Board made no pronouncement either way, so that there
is'1 no-imputation" left upon you.'
I very much regret that the strike
still continues. I wish that both
parties would accept my findings,
which, while it does not give to
either party all that they might ue-
sire, seems tb me both fair and reasonable. ■ I'do hope that soon you
will all be,at work, and that a bettor
feeling will prevail,between the parties. ,It does seem to me a great
plly that reasonable men cannot
agree to sottle their differences in
a reasonable way,. ."      .,
■AVIthklnd regards,
Yours  sincerely, '■
thomas McAllister anderson
n     " (Deceased)
Any ono possessing knowledge of the
antecedents of Thomas McAllister An-
odrson, who wns ldllod at Laurlo, near
Rovolstoko,' Aug. 29th, 1011, by fall
of rock, and believed to havo worked
In Fornlo for over a year, Ih hereby
requested to notify THOS. UPHILL,
P. O. 301, Foimlo B, C
Other papers please eopy.
Mrs, S, Jennings, Proprietress
Hie eli.jnyinenl nf ceHjiiti nrivileu'es. In continue In
retain siiine, whilst altempliim .solution's to (he ever
present (it'iiljlelil, n'l'e (Inolucl lis il7a|>|i7llitlili-nl, lie-
cniise ju.sl so loiiff as product jon j,s cfiirici. mi lor
profit, mill tin' only rcnlly rsscitli.il factors in pro*
dilution  rolnin  tlmir  commodity  stains, crenting
hy the el.'isvie enemy beyond I he
Rcrting ''We shall roTuse Irt murder inir German
In-oilier* iiiiil who ninlvo wars nmy fit'lit llioin, lw-
wiii.se we I'ld'nso to do so." Hut the Inciter of call
mill wormwood is not yet overflowing, mid Hiokii
sordid creiilurcN, \\\& (>orii]ornnl.H of eoniiiierce. Iho
Khine boldly iw-ied here iliev Haiti llioy did not know
there wns ii strike on, nnd lu addition
to Woking rutlonB from tlio comnila-
surplus values, any tliouglil of a solution other llian! money mntiipiilalors of hated Alhion llironleu to
Ilie collective, ownmliip of the menus of prodtie-
linn IiihI ilihiiiliiiliiin \» ii in;iiiiiV>l idiMirdiH ,
withdraw their finnnee from Oernuui underliiUiugH
I if any imoc advances ^H. uuide. upon AgmVir,
i    The positions of lcinglets. prineelets. nnd orders
;hededeed emperors are daily growing more pre-
  i curious, so much so llinl "divine right" is eonsidor-
C(TD HAW; lint'lt hr-r heroes." but n politienl vie-frd nntt'qimted, nnd a eontrnet in n dime museum
*     tory hns lior heelers too, who, firm in .heir1, looms tip menacingly on tho horizon na n probable
belief of the ex-President (Srover Cleveland's fnm-i court of hist resort for their titular dignitaries,
am slogan; "To the victors belong tho spoils," BiviT.»M.oi. wns women (Let us weep).
union ineinbcrH, which they repay by
tho lniHCHt ingratitude, nnd liavo Rone
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot nnd Cold Water
Electric Lighted       <
8 tea in  Heated,
'Phone In every room.
Snmplo Rooms on Main
Business Gtroet,
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week nnd
the month nnd to Theatrical par-
tlee.   Try our
Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines, Liquors
nnd Cln«m nerved bv cornnetent
and obliging wine clerks.
<m m mm- m  Oov-Tiimont  charter.     Idnal   location,
ll/|_Fv«»«_ JLi       U_>._fiil   Htnff of JilKlicft Haholariililp nnd oxjiarl-
iVlfjllfir 1\0VH.I   ■■"'•■'!       hormllon. •■   ,oln.-n   nMiiu   utv.1
mVM.\j\4.M.m\.       l\V/¥ Uri .iinJf.K liull 6i|iilMii'd nnd furnished tlio
vury ne*t. New iiulliMnur,
Cow-in' of Aim)}'
Preparatory, Trnrticrn. Unlvrtalty
Mntrloulntlnn, lloynl .Military Collotro,
Civil Hurvlcrt, two yearn iindor-Rrnduiuo
work, Typewriting, Conse.rvalory tit
Music Manual niul Tonhnlml Training,
Froumtholil Sclrnoo and Art, l'liynlcat
Cnltiira and Hxprt'imlrtn, Fine Arts,
iljidlf*' Collctra Ooune, Hpt'dal Coune
tor boys.
Classes Open Sept. 1911
l-'/ir raliji.lnr nnd particular*'writ*
O. W. KliltIIV, I1.A.,       Principal.
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce is equipped to issue drafts, on
the principal cities in the following countries without delay: '-
', Iceland
Italy .
Keit Zealand
'' Panama ,'-■'"
Persia   ,
South Africa
Spain '•  ,
Straits Settlement*
Africa Crete ■
Arabia _  Cuba '
Argentine Republic Denmark
.   Australia \   Egypt
Austria-Hungry.   Faroe Iatanda
Belinum Finland
Brazil. -     ' Formosa
Bulgaria ■ France Java
Ceylon . ,   Fr'ch Cochin China Malta
Chili Germany    _ Manchuria
China Great Britain ..   '   Mexico
The amount of these drafts is stated in the money of the country where they are payable ; that is they are drawn in sterling-, francs, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,
taels, roubles, etc., as the case may be.   This ensures that the payee abroad will . -
receive the actual amount intended.       ':, .;•>.-,      A233   "
Philippine Islands Sweden
Portugal      .   ' Switzerland , ;"
Roum&nia Turkey
Russia United State*
Servia Uruguay
Siam West Indies, etc. -
L. A. S. DACK, Manager.
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
And   Nothing1 but the Best in Fresh,
and    Smoked    Meats,    Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry .
Etc.   Etc., go to
THE 41
T  CO.
Insurance, Real Estate
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
ness and Residential property
Food Choppers
7THE   "Universal"   Food'
I Chopper chops all kinds
'—»^,   of food," whether meat
""*>v   or vegetables— '
raw or cooked
-as coarse ^
or fine as
J. D. Quail
with the
knife and
Buy the genuine "Universal.'
VJTe  jLh •
Close connection at Rexford with mainline
Trains for Eastern points, Great Northern
Trains and those of connection latest steel
creations of car builder's art
No change at St Paul
Lake  route from.  Dnluth or Chicago via
exclusively passenger steamships
Free side Trip to Niagara
on Eastern Tickets        Ji
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 ii        P, O.- Box 305
Special Saturday rate Ftrnle to 'illco, 85c, good returning Monday
Ledger Ads Bring Results
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♦ ;      COAL CREEK  BY ,174     . •»
♦ . ♦
■ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦;♦ <>♦♦♦«*•
Born at Coal Creek, on Saturday,
Sept. 1th to Mr and Mrs. Jolrn' Drew,
a fine son.    ,
,., Ed. Couglln drove down as far as
Olsen last Satoday to Inspect. the
mine horses.
Mrs. Fred'Vance, of Fernie, was visit
ing Mr and Mrs. George O'Brien up
here last week end,
Jack Heslop and Frank Coates left
herek last .Saturday for Vancouver. Is-
Mr. P. Connal, the Presbyterian rain-
"isfer, left here on Tuesday 'mcrnuiK
for Vancouver, where he is going into
Hie college for a short while.     His
ru.uy friends up here wish him every
P.-.<f<£S. ''"
7 The cottages known as Welsh Camp,
have got. moving orders, and several
axe L<i!ng moved onto t»je Chinta'.grfr-
' den. ■ ■ They havo Leen too cowdeJ
,iii> together, so soma of them toeing ro-
n-,'.v'cl will make it'mo.o healthy an-;
-.el.o moro room' between the houses.
-,'V« had quite ,-_ woU-rine cli.T<is,e
from the election clap trap on Monday
afternoon, when Comrade Fulcher paid
a visit to the Club Hall. Tlie "pity
is that notices were not posted soonei\
, otherwise there would have, been a
larger attendance., J. B. Smith occupied the chair, and after introduction
the speaker addressed the audience bu
.''The Frauds of Election," pointing out.
'clearly the manner in which tho »»:■;»L-
ttilisr springs these election' issues in
■ front of the people in order to divert
th.'ir a-ienlion from existing evil". The
fctts bid down by the speiK<.::. fi'-'m
a Socialist standpoint', £o ■ i>i favor
■Cviili ilio assembly, judging hy- the ;>i>-
■pl.inftn received. Several questions
were asked, and answered sallsfnctori
ly." Before closing the meeting, ihe
chairman announced that after the
resumption of work-the Socialists proposed to start' a local up here and ln-
. yitations were offered to the boys to
ILecome' members;.,
-The Trites-Wood■ Store up here lias
been receiving- a, coat of Kalsomine
this week to" brighten it up a little. •
Frank Owens, Wm. Partridge and
Wm. Adams drove up here from llos-
■mer ,on Wednesday.    ' . ,
Ernest Wolford left here^last week
England. 'o   -,-
'    Mr. and Mrs Abraham Brown and
-family are visiting .friends'- In- Frank,
Alta., this week.  '
-    Percy Heskoth- is rusticating- down
at Wardner among the lumber.
District Board Member J. E. Smith
left'here'on Monday afternoon for Macieod.      - y ■ ',
Mr. A. '11. Trites and E. L. Stewart,
of Fernie, wero business visitors up
Tiore on Tuesday afternoon.7
„   Mrs. D. Alton, of Fernio, paid a visit
up hero on Tuesday.
Tony Spovirn, an Italian, was trying to shoot through a steel rail with a
l'll'le on Tuesday evening when one of
tlie bullets split, and a piece came
back and- entered Ills thigh. ■ Ho was
taken to the hospital. Tho bullet was
ihoi'c extracted, and ho Is progressing
A HUlo'boy named Harold Horrocks
■ was coming from school on .Tuesday
afternoon whon ho was bit on the log
by a largo dog belonging to Mr. Dave
Ma,rtln, Whether the boy was teasing Iho ilog or not could not bo nscor-
tnliiwl, However, poor Wallneo wns
Tilings are a llttlo more lively
around hero again slnco tho trains
■slartod running-twlco a day, hut bo
an ro and, tako your two bits If you
•want a rido.
ful program' was gone"' through. After
wards dancing was the'order of-the
night and a very'enjoyable time was
spent until the lights were, shut off.
The Michel Football team are practising hard this week for the final of
the Crahan's .Cup, which match they
expected to-come off on the 30th inst.
It does not look as if the game will
come off/ Bellevue has not consented
to meet them yet. and what's,,more
the secretary of the Michel Club is in
receipt of a letter from Coleman's secretary stating that they do riot intend
to,let, the cup go-without haying a
chance to defend It. . Perhaps this is
tbe reason that Bellevue'are scared to
arrange date to compete for the trophy.
The minutes of the last League meeting read as follows:
."That the winners of League and
v in'ners of Mutz Cup play off for Crahan's Cup, the same as last- year."
Noticing that Coleman are not either
why should they want a chance to de-
We know it is hard lines for Coleman - to lose such a beautiful trophy,
but they have got to comply with the
Jaw3 laid down by the League.' ■
Last year Coleman were the Mutz
Cup winners and the Michel the League winners. These two clubs played
off for Crahan's Cup' and Coleman
the cup. . Seeing that Bellevue and
Michel are wi'nners this time they are
the only clubs that can compete for
Crahan's Cup. It is now up to the
winners of the League and the Mutz
Cup to arrange a date to play for Crahan's Cup, failing this we would not
blame the donor of the trophy if he
were to withdraw it.
♦ ♦
♦ •*
Mr. Bui'gOHH of Iho Tmpnrinl Hunk
nnd Mr. J. Scwoll, of tlio Trltps-Wood
Company, aro tnklim a vacation up
the 101k lllvcr Valley.
Hill YntoH returned,, lo town Tiioh'
day from Lowlii Crook, wlioro ho linn
boon lnintliiK for iho Inst llirco wcokn,
Bill Iiiih a nice shoo.) lioiul to show
for IiIh trip,
Mohhi'b, Julian and Harriot) hnvo
lioi'ii making a cuiiviiHB of tho town
for iioi'Hons nol on tho voters' Hul, find
biktobh orownM tholr offortB, ' Thoro
nro loin who would like to linvo taken
tlm obligation, but roulrt not on lie
count, of not having naturalization
Hugh Mcllougnll hiifl Hoourod n job
wllh tin.* Now Mlidiol Sawmill Company nn chief onj.lnoor,
Tlio Hdiool house Ih lioitif. fitted up
with a iww in;.t(lii(4 <iii.j,i(-iit<ift.
Miss Mng«ln Carr left last Holiday
movnlnc; Tor IlovoMoko. whore sho linti
secured n position, Muni bo somo at.
trad Ion   for   tho   Mlchol fnlr ones
Bert Duvlfl nnd 11111 Porter liavo ro-
turnod from n hunt lng trip, brlanlng
back with thorn Rood ovltlcnco of linv.
lng had a BiiccosBful trip. Both havo
a fine mhoep head to bIiow, Bert,
moro forfnnnr*1 thnn IiIh frltvwl, linn
alBO a flno blnck bonr,
Mr, Tlnlwrr Wllllnmn linn nwuiWI a
position with Iho C. P.^R. tit Wflfdnor
na iiBSlfltnnt nRont.
On Monday night a concert and
danco was Riven by tho Michel Football Club tn Crahan'* Hall. Mr. Murphy occupied Iho chair and a Mtermi.i.
'♦ <t»
«*>      N       HOSMER   NOTES. <►
♦ ; By "Krltik." ■**.
♦ '♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦«►♦<>•*»
, Miss -.McKosh, of Fernie, spent a
few days visiting Mrs. Kendal this
week. " , '   ,.
Our town is looking quite smart now
and decidedly more comfortable with
the new sidewalks.' An election bluff
to begin with, but an infinite improvement, to Hosmer.
•' Mrs. -Wright  left  for   Calgary  on
Monday. V "    .„   '
Albert Luhd, who lias taken a house
the arrival of tho all' important ornament. , y    ' ■,,
Mrs. Lithauser and daughter left for
Montana, where they will join Mr." L.
on their ranch.
Mr.'Nick Boassolly has taken over
the barber shop and dwelling.
,Mr.. Waters and Mr. Oles'on'spent a
week on the prairie and, returned loaded with, game.
The ball given by the bachelors on
Friday night was a great success and
did credit- to the young mon who undertook to mako' it so, Music was
rurnlehcd by tho-Fernio Orchestra, and
was all that could bo desired.
Mrs. McMoekln held her millinery
opening on Wednesday and all went
well and was a huge success.
Mr. G,' M. Hedloy has sold out his
slock, cattle and horses, ond leaves
for Vancouver In' a fow days.
A grand social was held ln tho Mo-
lliodlst Church on Wednesday night,
nnd a very ploasnnt and profitable
tlmo was spont, tho only complaint
mado by the young peoplo Is that
these affairs aro not hold often onough,
, T-Tosmor Local Union nominated tho
following members for tho forthcoming", oloctlon for district ofl'Ico: President, W. B. Powell; Vice-President. C.
SlubbsjSocy.Treasuror, A, ,T. Cartor;
International Bonrd, Member, J, A.
Tup'por; District Board Member, J. E.
A number of Jlosmir's nrdont Socialists woro Boon straining onorgotionlly
and waflllng vitality on a hand enr on
Sunday night,    Watch developments.
On Friday Iho llttlo dnuglilor of Mrs
Wholnn. passed away nl the roflldroico
of Mr. Polo McDouga) afior a long 111-
Hess from conipllcntoil illHonHOH. Tho
funeral took plnco onSnlurdny, The
parenth hnvo tho sympathy of all,
Mr Rlovo RIIiu'h rhlldron nro qunran-
lined on nccriunl of nrnrlot fever,
Airs. SIooIkiK, MrB, N'oIboii and MIhh
Kelly drovo lo Penile on Tuesday,
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <» ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ , '     . •*►
♦ " "       ,      ♦
"See him smiling! see him smiling!
See him smiling just now!
Who? Well! Well! What a question! Ladies and gentlemen, the
wearer of that pleasant expression is
Arthur Amos, who is rejoicing because
of a most auspicious event that transpired on Tuesday the 19th. The mother and the bouncing boy are getting
along splendidly, and the father is
receiving hearty congratulations upon
his new acquisition.
A rononl. copy of (ho "DlBlrlnt LoU
rpV," Fornlo, offlclnl organ of tho U,
M. \V„ contaliiB a loltor from tho Local nt Bollovuo, RlvltiR n list of mon
who nro working In defiance of Lodgo
Instructions, whom (hey designate nH
"ononiloH of organl/oil labor," Thoro
jM'o l.wonl)Mwo llBtod In nil, nnd
ninoiiRBt them wo woro rather nmuBod
to find tho nnmo of Ed. Sutherland,
fonnorly of Cnpo lirotou, whom thoy
v-itfl i'outliiii I'iliUo," H'o proBUiuo
thlB refers to our own ..dward 8,
who wnB one of (he flrut. (o proclaim
Iho vlrluoB of Iho TJ, M, W. In WohI,-
vlllo. How nro Iho mighty fnllon!
oihtTB in Uio Bfittio cfiuigory, lortncirly
from thoso pnrtB, nro Wm. K. Munro,
Wm. Connorfl, Too Hold and Frank
MoPherBon. Wo coiiRrnlulnto them
on (holr Rood Bonso ln Inking ndvnnt-
ago ot work whon thoy can Rot It.
It nlmost. Inokn ns If Mi/> TT. M. W. nro
In for na big a ffRht In WoBtorn Can-
ndn nn (hoy hnd In Nova fl^ntln, Tlm
initio manager nt rielloviio, Is John R,
MacDonald, ono of WcbIvIIIo'b clovor
yoiuiR mining mon. Uollovuo will bo
remembered a» tbo scene of a dlunB-
trctiB explosion somo month* ago
Fivv Lnnro, W*»Bf.vlll*».
"The masters show you no mercy.
They starve you, they sweat you, they
oppress you. Pay them back in their
own coin." These are the words of
a British M. P., Mr. Keir Hardie, inciting his hearers to a revolutions y
strike. They indicate the straits into
which labor has fallen in England.
Evfcry party in Parliament is well
aware of the dilemma, indeed, Parliament has recently appointed a commission of competent economists to
inquire into the condition of the unemployed and tlie working class and to
suggest legislation on time and wages.
The labor-leaders, however, have
grown disgusted with the insufficiency
of parliamentary action; they have
even discarded the trade-union system,
as too expensive and generally ineffectual. The latest prophet among the
discontented toilers in mill, in mine
and on the wharf is Tom Mann, whom
his adherents have vainly tried to put
into Parliament. - At present he is
president of "the International Transport Workers' Federation. . He is a
Socialist,. and author of a book on
"The International" Socialist Move-,
ment." He has recently imported into England the French idea of a general and revolutionary strike.
The trado union is an obsolete weapon against the oppression of capitalism, declares this able and valiant
strike leader.. The organization o£
"the master,class" made it impossible
for local unions of special trades to
achieve -any good purpose. If the local
.union ordered a strike, there were
thousands from other parts of the
-Count ry_to__take_un_the_w_orl_ .which -tli^
strikers refused' to do. ■ What this
labor-leader stands for is "industrial
solidarity," -which - he puts forward
with the remark that "trade union
methods have lamentably, failed," and
"even Parliamentary action has not
proved effective." To quote his
words: ■    '
' "Industrial solidarity as we uso the
term means the recognition by the
workman that any section of any industry is interdependent upon every other
section,- and that the growth of modern industrialism has made this absolutely necessary, The progress of this
conception is shown on the capitalist
limited liability companies to trust and
This solidarity eventually Is to bring Industrial activities in the labor
world to a stop, paralyze transport,
and prevent, tho distribution of, food
and tho manufacluro of goods needed
by the merchant In filling his orders,
ft will-block tho mining of coal and
Iron. According to Mr,'' Mann It
will then wrest a living wngo'from tho
employers and diminish, if not eventually abolish poverty among employees.
T,hus wo road:   ,
"Tho older movement (ot trado
\mions) relied chiefly upon finance;
that thero should bo no Btrugglo unless thoro was n big war cheat; Tho
modem movement doos not depend
upon monoy. lUloponds ontlroly upon
ngreomont nmong tho. mon nnd Iho
exhibition of what we term tho Bplrlt,
and prnetlHo of solidarity. Moro can
ho dono In one wook on tlio basis of
solidarity oxtendod ovor a wldo enough
area Hum enn bo dono In Iho wholoyonr
with unlimited monoy ln tho nbsonco
of this solidarity,. Wo nre definitely
aiming .at reducing poverty and ulll-
tnntoly abolishing II. by forpo oil In-
diiHlrlnl oi'Hiinlznllon on Iho IiubIh I
havo explained."
Giving mi nceounl of tho rocont
Ronornl slrlko lu Loudon, Liverpool
nnd MnuclioBtor, ho roimirltB Hint, Iho
rallrond mon for whom tlio fitrlliors
and tholr IpmIoi'h nro bntllliij,', "nro tho
lowest paid lu tho boVvIco, tho i-iiNm.
varying from Ma. ('.I.SO. to 2ls..($<!)
a wook." Ho thlnkfl Unit Iho lnbor
party all ovor tlio country will eventually gain what thoy nr<» llghllng for,
nnd '(N'rlnrofl:
"It Is evident, (hnl wo nro going In
win.     lit, will not bo a grcnt, win;
rodnHlcn of bonr» In fifty ronr ;i u'nlf,
two shillings n week advance In wiik-
ob nnd Iho recognition of tho union.
Hut this Is only (ho prollmlmiry to
moro complete solidarity."
On the breakfast table—in the sick room —
for making salads, puddings and other desserts—for a bite between meals, in the lunch
bdx, there is no  fruit equal to the famous
California "Sunkist" Orange.    Being tree-
ripened, sound-picked, packed and shipped with the
utmost skill and care, it is the most healthful and luscious of all fruits.
Sunkist Oranges are thin-skinned—
fiberless— seedless.. They fairly melt in
,the mouth. Thero is so little waste in
servingandeatingthem that theyare truly
the cheapest orange you can buy.
Every Sunkist Orange comes in a Sun
kist Wrapper. Thousands of families
will have none but Sunkist Oranges. After'
you havp tried them once they will win
you., Please make the trial todav. Your
dealer sells them. And don't forget to
save ihe "Sunkist" Wrappers.
Ask for "Sunkist" Lemons
After you hnve eaten Sunkist Orantrcs, you will
bo glail to know there are SunkUt Lemons
for they, too, aro tlio finest fruit of their kind,
Never blemished, marred, decayed, thick-
skinned or pithy.   Sunkist Lemons
contain SO percent moro juice thsn
commonplace lemons, which
makes them mosteconomi-
ical for kitchen and table
use.   The "Sunkist"
Wrapper identifies
Rogers Orange Spoon
.finvc 12 SinikUt OrmiTO (or
,W rapii-ni unit Keud thcra tot..,,,, ,.„ „,
pay chiiraw, paokinii. etc., nnU mo will profiont
>ou Willi ■iKi'iiui.upltoitcnOranffaHiiaoii.o.bPiuitl,
lul douiKii i.ml l-.ieh<-i,t (juiillty.  llcclnsavliiKwrniipon
tO'liiv.   It jou ilci-iro moro thnn ono, nend J_ Suiikist
\. nippi-M ami l_e,_- oni-h nilditlnniil unoon.
;,      1!'1,""t'"l!- l|loll!* "end eiu-h t,1h-h tho amount Ih le°s
ll.on Ale;   on nmoiint-i nbovo '^ki,   wo   pref'-r n-jntal uoto
monoy order, uxprpnii order or hunk di-nft.     Wo will ho clnd
K0..8''11,4! ■_<!!1 eonipl.-to liat of riilnublo proiuiunin.    IIV honorlioth
.Minlcist     and     Hod  Bull ' wruppor. for prumiuios.    Addrosa
105 KinB St. East, TORONTO,
, ONT.
New Models
_i -—r~r-± 1—^HAVE^- ■•	
Every merit that Remington Typewriters have always had.
Every merit that any typewriter has ever had.
New and revolutionary improvements which no lype-
• writer has ever had.
Model 10, withColumn Selector
Model 11, with Built-in Tabulator
Remington Typewriter Company
New York and
t Fernie Dairy j
delivered    to „ all
parts of tlie town
Sanders  &  Verhaest   Brothers.
Bar supplied with   the   best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
W. H. Murr
T. W. Davies
Cigar Store
Wholesale and  Retail
-.   Barber Shop
, Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards^and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter -,
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34-
Ono of tho Intait prominent i.«n
tlemon 4o iponk liiijhly In Zt\m
Ruk'i favour li Mr. C. E. Snnford
of Woiton, Klnit'i Co., N,S. Mr,
Sftnford U ft Justice of tho Ponce
for tho County, nnd c, mnmhor of tlm
Bonrd of School Commijiloneri.
Iiu lii nl'<o Dunciiii of tho liu|itint Clmrcli
in liorvriolc, lmU-oiliL wonlil liixjiit-eiilt
to llud a man ninro wkluly known nml
moro IiIkIiIv ronpected, Ih-io in bin
opinion of i_iin-Itul:.    Ho mju ■ —
"I iinvor \n«d (iiiyllilnif th»ti imvn mo
K'icIi witlhf'icthm m /'.mi-link, 1 liml u
pitcll nt iwMiHM on my luiklu whloli Iwul
lioi-n tlurn t .r over »i yonM. BihiiuUiiii'k
(lino tlio (lluviiii) would In-oak out nu my
HHmiMitm, I h ul iippUm!. varum olnl-
munii. una lrl"il (11 imrU of lliiuua to
i, bit in viilii,  /.im-liiik, un-
Imperfect Kidney Action
Causes Rheumatism
Rheumatism with its kindred ailments
—Lumbago, Wry Neck, Neuralgia, etc,
usually results from lodgments of uric
acid in the joints and muscles.   >
Now the chief function of the kidneys
Is to properly filter this poison from the
Only when they fall to do this is
Rheumatism probable.
Kidney weakness starts In various
ways. A sudden chill, after perspiring
freely, sometimes settles in the kidneys
—or an unusual strain may cause It.
Poisons which should be filtered out
of the system are pumped back Into the
blood, causing Uric Acid, the real cause
of Rheumatism, Lumbago, Wry Neck,
Neuralgia, etc.
In the early stages Nyal's Stone Root
Compound will stop It.
Will Btart your kidneys working properly so that the Uric Acid Is reabsorbed
ana eliminated,
Away goes your Rheumatism with it.
Perhaps these enrly warning twinges
have passed unheeded, nnd your Rheumatism, lias become deep seated.
Muscles all snarled up In knots ns It
were, \
Then you'll need Nyal's Rheumatic
Ask your own druggist about tlies*
Ills opinion Is worth wlilk,
•eflNMSK-j- iibif
E W I N Cr
•< tmmBssmmwnisfsnmmxm >■
:<   WM.     BARTON
Anrciit    Fcrnlc    nrtvncli     ,.
t Pell at t    Ave.    North I
Ledger Ads Pay
Fire is Often
negligence. And who ls there
that is not negligent at times?
Would you havo tho work of a
lifetime lost in a fow minuteB.
Why Not Insure
nnd then tho loss of your treasures Js made good as far as
money is ablo to replace it loss.
IiHiuIro of us for terms.
Insurance     Real Estate
Printers Ink
When uied on good pr«»es nnd
neatly displayed lyjie. for your station*
ery is' valuable. Wc !wv« every
f.nility for doinnthe l.c„i i.f job woik,
and at a minimum pii'V
Illto fivfln'ililiiK ('lu I Iwul u
hlntily HMlHfiiotoiynnil cuvd tlio a	
1 Icivo filHi) lnnd /.fiin.llulc fr,r tflilni'
1'nutf, u;ni II In* .. i.i.a IIiijmi  uiu
nUa,  11 vkorfiinfnrMii lidlnina; hit
iudiIi ami jf tdo |n.j,ii.,tt( ,u" ut'iii* ojiiniiu'i
ottlinliiinllnif vulim ot /ixm-lliilc will Irinl
uiliuritiul'orur^ti) try It., 1 iliijiilil nn oliul,
Kor tin U'llnf of inin'orlnireaunnl h» |>|lc»nr
Hltln I)U«n.u« I know of noHilnif toeaual
ZlUII'llllIC' , t (
/.um-nult eiirix tiVon, tnii<«Mti, MooJ.nnlion,
rlnf wotio, fiiturlnit or rmmlnif M>r«i, l*il Ut,
Iiurn*. briiUm. I»Ij) '«mrvt, tin. ]>ur«ly hirttl.
HOotioi,t)ruiiirliti«i»titor«i. lUfunlmlUtJoni.
On* tor wchn'eryday allaieat i
Nut ihw\ hut (Imaiiii.'d of
New Michel
& Blairmore ?-£*-'-;
! 7?y '•'&£- ^sy'"'-'- ■*^t 7'
v- -a
'--"VrT Tl-V
I , By A. B. Cooper
, Take the case of the passing, ' of
slavery In our country.    Never at any
time were the abolitionists more than
. a1 little, handful of men and women.
Their great cry was that slavery must
-be got rid of or it would destroy the
Union, But all the people were against
them, and would neither   listen   nor
"let them speak. ; They were the most
reviled and hated set of people in all
,. the land, arid, were treated, if anything, even worse than Socialists and
- labor agitators are treated today. And
yet, in time, the nation came to believe what tliey said. But it was
' events rather than the words of the
abolitionists that converted the North
to their1 cause, the events, however,
being in substance just exactly what
those pathfinders had foretold. For
ono thing, the abolitionists had dared
to question the virtue and .wisdom of
the Federal courts. Thoy were continually^ harping on the "higher law"
and flouting the people for their bigoted idolatry of legality. Then came,
~ tb justify them, the Drcd Scott decision. It elected Lincoln President
and it was not long till that famous
judgment became a byword of judicial iniquity. And later in the same
spirit the famous Proclamation of
Emancipation' wa shailed as a glorious stroke of statesmanship. By a
Emancipation was hailed as. a glori-
abolition was irrevocably decreed by
• the same' people which a, few short
years, earlier were mobbing and ltlll-
. Ing people ' for speaking against
slavery. Thus the much hated and
mistreated abolitionists were vindicated, and the, Northern section found
itself entirely on their side, and ever
'   since has been-writingthelr names on
the scroll of its heroes.    Without any
sense of. having changed our course,
or forced our opinion, but by-a spon-
. taneous outburst of pro-slavery, into
tbe new beaten track' made by events,
and without a hitch or scruple became
, as much at home in the new situation
as if we had never known any other.
But  notice, here as ever,  the path-
'finders with their visions and ■ agita-
- tions were right from the start, knew
what they were about, and whither
they wer.e' leading, while the rest of
the country was "just as truly, but all
.unconsciously, following to'the'same
 t*m\ ___s „^__^_^_____^_
Thus the pioneers of new thoughts
and departures can never at the start,
..with knowledge of restricted and unscientific as at present, take the crowd
with them.     The pathfinders sooner
• than the-many catch,glimpses of the
promised land toward which we are
all moving and-must go, but until the
glimpses have become a great light
tho minds of the many are so blurred
by prejudice and hardened by tradition, that they do not realize   until
the journey Is ended that,all the time
they have been on tho same track of
ficonomlc necessity as their misunderstood and rejected leaders.
The Class Struggle
Tho struggle of the classos which
constitute    tho    record    history   ot
mankind is under way for   a   long
tlmo ln the minor experiences of life
boforo the masses on either side realize tho true issues, and tho goal of tlio
struggle.     For example   tho   fundamental Issues of our dny nro only Beginning to dawn on tho minds of tno
majority and by most even yot the
fooling Is that it Is tho half-way men,
or   plooomonl   reformers with   their
unctuous platitudes rather than   tho
uncompromising radicals who nro tho
Biifo and sane leaders Id follow.    It ls
not seoii that we nro really In tho
vory midst of tho advanced stages of
a woll nigh completed'revolution.   Our
natural • and nrtlflclal    ByBtoms   are
working at cross purposes, and, aa always, It Ib tho organic reality thnt
must Btay and tho old and unworlr*
nbk' logal"rorniB that muat panfl away.
In plnln wohIh, wo aro getting faco
Death Mir a Scratch,
Morris Quitznm, nn olovon-yoar-old
Wlnduor boy, fell off hlfl Wcyclo and
flcratcliod IiIb wrlBt. Ho thought nothing or tho Injury, but blood poIbou
act In and ho Ik dead,
Such Incidents ns thoBo—4iy no
anounii liifruquoiit—ought to mako poo*
<plo niulizo tho danger that mny llo
ovmii In tho biniUkat IIuhIi wound.
Tako a nlmplo illustration, When a
tail fa, a runty nccdlu, a splinter of
dirty wood, a barbed wlrn frnro, or a
thorn, acratchra tho hand, tlio latter Ib
■Inoculated with gorms, of which tho
nlr about ub U full,
Tlio way to avoid ar-rlous results Is
to nlrnnxo tho wound ami apply f!nm>
Iluk, 5.am-l!uk Ib a powerful, yot
painless germ-killer, and when applied
to tlio broken skin Is absorbed Into
u»v titeuc, uiitiuuuy uvbtroying iho
fermn thnt rj.nrnl dJ'i ■.-..■ M-l .._i,>
plng O10 pain and wnnrtlnt.'. That Is
why Zam-Huk Is so popular with
Tho flesh thus snothod and purMcd,
th« wound Is inai'.n perfectly honlthy,
removed.* Having dono thli, Zam-Uiik
then precede to hcil tho wound or
■oro, and n«w healthy tissue is built
up In a quick, pslileis and perfect
Jtom-Huk must not be confused with
ordinary ointments. Ztm-IJuk Is a
unt'jmi prestation, tx>»Malng w_U>
■eptle, soothing and healing qualities
that nr* nnt tn }w> tonnrf fofcetner In
any other preparation. Jt Is »ot only
a unique healing balm, but It la also
« akin food. For all skla tiuut* and
In.nrl*«—*ni$, bruises, burns, eacma,
chads*, nleers, ringworm, etc,, It la
wllhftot sqaaL II !s a!*o vu,i irHe.
If for piles, for which li may b# re-
M»d*4 *• a »jwK.ne. AN drn«rliti and
•lore* tell at £0 rent* a box, or post
free, from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, for
prioe.   Refute harmful Imitations.
to face with the issue whether capitalism or collectivism shall be the system of the future. -'
-. * i°
It proVes'nothing that to outward
seeming the old order is as solid as
the earth itself. - In life as in science
things are often the opposite of what
they seem..' To its- inhabitants the
it takes refuge in a mythical middle-
ground which all history proves 'is
ever pure illusion.1- The logic of facu
has nothing to, do with makeshifts
and marking time, lflreiy social system has its birth, growth and decline,
but new things and old things are of
one piece, and what we' call °a change
of systems is simply, a-part1 of tho
eternal coat shedding process of universal nature. Just as capitalism has
ripened into the trusts, so the trusts
by the very law of their being, must
bring the Co-operative Commonwealth.
And for saying this life is made" a
rough road for the pathfinders. They
are treated as enemies of society, bent
oh destroying vested interests, and
every kind of good institution, which
ihlngs neither we, nor all the king's
horses and all the king's men could
save from change, even if there were
no radicals'on the earth to what will
follow the trusts, as' to, them we had
to, and did become accustomed, and
thus again, as usual, find ourselves
drifting with the tide,' and feeling as
always, that we are simply following
the same old beaten tracks of social
progress. Bear in mind that man and
his environment are not two things'
warring for mastery, but rather two
parts of the same reality ever growing in closer accord, and making'for
struggling, humanity, a final natural
order of justice, well being and beauty.
The Master Question
But that does not mean that every
thing is fair and smooth and happy.
Though we are headed for "easy
street" mankind is far enough ■ yet
from its golden destiny. For all our
changes things are not' yet right In
the world. They are about as bad as
they ever were, and so they will continue to seem, until the soul of man
has realized better standards. At least
we are not-losing ground. ■ Things are
go shaping up that not only is, what
the writers call a pleasure economy
believed' to be attainable, but the ways
and means for bringing it.abouc'.ire
Kofi/tintn or mArA.onrl r_n"_*r/v_/i_if1iw\./\_3	
our horizons in full sight, ■ The, main
point is a better "adjustment of relations between man and what they
produce. . When workers and owners
shall cease to be two as they now are,
and come to be one as it Is best and
nijht and most reasonable that thev
should, then the most serious impediment to permanent good times will be
removed. No doubt great changes iii
this direction are impending, compared with which the downfall of
slavery, the enfranchisement of woman, the rise of the trusts, are as dust
In the balance. It seoms to bo moro
and more plain that the brotherhood
of man is the goal to which all past
progress Is loading. And to-day as
never boforo, thoro-are plain matter
of.fact voices spenklng In terms of
science and even great parties announcing programs, that whllo. thoy
shock and anger the powors and principalities beyond measure, aro yot tho
only voices nnd Iho only proposals
thnt aro In accord with the .logic of
altered conditions.
Of truth, thon, something will ore
longbo dono. Something wo know is
always being dono, and it is a matter
to make us think, that moro and moro
of hard headed and enlightened peoplo, ns woll as thoso of moro nrdent
nature, In all countries are talking
loud and working hard In favor of
t:,o moflt swooping. Institutional and
legal changes thnt tho world Iiob yot
It Ib not a new story, but the Biimo
old Btory In tho spirit nnd form of our
Union, Tho pntlifindors, who are al-
wny« with ub, ar« tilling ur of tho
wonderful dlBcovorloR thoy havo mado.
In times piiBt tholr lilnd hnvo nlwayH
boon right, and who nlmll sny they
are not right for our porlod? .TiihI.
as tho tniBtB enmo homiiiM under
enpllnllBiii coneonirnljon of ownership
Ib tlio natural law of growth, bo tho
socialization of tho IniKtH, which Ih
tho great Idea of this nRo, will como
to piiHH, bofuiiHo l( Ih lli« only organization of production nnd distribution
eoniinoiiBiiiatc with exiting conditions, Tlio Ikbiio between producer
imd product, between man ntwl property, iiniHt be derided when tho Umo
la ripe, In fnvor of human life,
The NewClvllliutlon
Tlio dvlllxnlloii",! of nur tlmo, the
name oh all preceding times, when In
ing party holds' a better position.- It
knows what' it wants, has a definite
goal, the inspiration of ideas, arid a
practical scheme of organization. Their
central idea, is. that mtaerial .poverty
must be abolished by' the social proi
d-ittion and distribution of w pit1.1.
T:;U, tliey contend, ' is the new road
whrich is destined to become the next
solid social highway,
■ This onward movement will be slow
or .hastened' according as the toilers
are educated, persistent and determined. When they are strongly marshaled as a class, and go forth to get
earth is the biggest thing in the universe. It is not round but flat, stands
still aud the sun moves, while the
bright stars are but little gems hung
in the heavens for our delight and
wonder. ' But knowledge tells a' different story in whatever direction we
carry our studies. We are always
finding that we cannot trust • appearances. So when we look beneath the
surface of social concerns we become
aware of facts and tendencies that our
existing system does not reckon With,
and which show us that system gradually losing all .likeness of- its original
self, the same as happened to the now
va'nished system out of which it grew.
We became aware, in fact, of the evolutionary process, and find ourselves
moving along new tracks of change
that-seem bound toi culminate in the
.■xceiirfncy of inte-'est, and classes
that have hitherto been subject and
exploited. Of course, there must, be
the decisive event. "In the case of
slavery it was the war for the Union
that ended the slave '.ower. .n encase it will probably be the winning
bv tho- proletariat of :-' great strike or
sweeping election. Such changes are
called revolutions, but really they are
the explosions signalizing a completed
evolution, or the passing :of an old
regime. . A revolution has indeed been
accomplished,' but the storm of its
end is the smallest part of the story.
The main part has been the long struggle and slow growth of a lower rising
class, for, and into industrial and political power," and the decline in importance of- the former ruling class. Revolutions, mean, as ^they always mean,
a new^deal in social awards in accordance with, actual economic conditions
and are "the only price to be paid for
Woman  Suffrage
Consider next the movement for
giving women the vote. For us it has
become an old (story that' raises no
excitement, .but'it shocked and angered our fathers beyond measure. So
again we see that it was not for nothing that the irrepressible pathfinders
have been dinning their unanswerable
argument's into the public ears for the
last fifty years. •, When first their wild
cry was heard they were opprobrious-
ly called ,the 'Shrieking Sisterhood,"
and with' one accord they were told
they were, asking for strange, unnatural and Impossible things. How
U it now? Why, in many countries
of Europe and in several of our own
states women are actually voting and
holding office, and everywhere tho Indications nr© that tho practice will
soon ho the gonoral rule. Tlio reason
In that Institutions hnvo tholr origin
In altered social and Industrial conditions; and votes' for womon has become' a needful moans for safeguarding and advancing their Interests. Desires and opinions always go together. 1 Tho militant tactics of tho
suffragette mark tho acute stage of
tho transition of womon Into full-
fledgod citizens. Opposition to tho
movement Is a spont forco, and the
vltnl onorgy ot tho Bltuallon Is embodied In the thounht and will of Its
promoters, Thus without knowing It
wo havo lived through a revolution,
and tho dreaded new road which tho
pathflndorH havo bo long been tolling
of ha« become our solid beaten track.
The Trusts
It Ib not difficult, with Hint much
greater matter, tho trusts. TIiobo, too,
havo had tholr uphill oxporloneoB,
Thoy hnvo outlived the oppnultlon of
all tlielr many enomloH, (.rangers,
PopulliitH, nryanltoH, big Htlelt reform.
er«, proHpcellvo loglBlntlon, unfavorable court dcclfllonfl hnvo dono their
mightUihI ngnhiHl Iho IimihIr, hut their
poHltlon Ih stronger than over, and tho
end nf their nwny Ib not yet In sight.
Hut what of tho present attitude of
Iho groat body or Iho people? The
unknown nnd feared Iiiib becomo tho
known, nothing good nnd sacred him
been swept nwny, but n new nnd perfectly natural Hltualloii linn emerged
which,. *top by atop, In, organizing a
BOlutlon which ono day will make tho
"Now NntlonnllHm" or "PnlWllvl«mM
co. ltd:
_,__. ma ^,_. J.J
i'lli|il||||>IIM| Iil*|l<-^    trillnlitU'llllVlH
iij niihiiiuii'iiiii! m|i'HP||!'.;ii|i>iiii!iiiifi
ilie UirocB of dissolution Ih full,of uu-|n glorious reality.
H..11, ufatat.uu.) ttliti 6«Vvl.iU;.in(;!l.,
Our rnl«'.i. l-;now not what to do, or
whither thin?;* are- going. They vouM
glvo the wot Id for a new path, l[ it
could bo taken without leaving Iho
j<irti. '«11 jitu on, Vvo tire ln<» upper
nrul. lower order drifting morel and
moro apart, absolutely opposed In Interest* nnd alms, nnd becoming more
And more unablo to dwell and work
topothcr ln unity nnd penco. Tho dais
«frit(ri?l*» l.i on 11.1 fn full bhnt. ftn th*
capitalistic reformers nro all at sea.
Th^y r/mnot nnd do not make thltiga
buntir, and are helpless to prevent
th«>m grttlng wors«. "They ar« able
neither to tolerate the evils from
which w« suffer nor the remedies w«
•.-r-M to <nt* tfcfti.. A* tor fJie *7na.V
rrmrpr. th*y rfr* H'/ <\r,iirt*>r, T'i<"'-r
is the Iron rule of economic absolot-
turn, which iwiver apnrea nor gU**, hut
always crushes and take*.     The* r!«-
the trusts must own the people. Rather
the rights 'and benefits that belong to
them, things will come their way by
leaps and bounds. If they were united
industrially and politically as the owners are united, they could win even
now nearly all the elections."
Not the Past, but the Future:
For the masses there is no good old
past. 'It has been their prison, and its
only story for them is of their woes
and wrongs. - There are no good' old
things for' the poor and lowly, except
the leaders and" teachings of Golden
Rule gospels,' which in all ages have
kept alive the idea of their deliverance. The' only hope of the workers
in that they may succeed in getting
together and emancipating themselves.
The oracles of authority and their
economic masters'.' would keep them
down forever,1 and" they must follow
the pathfinders of these times or, the
world  in * its' fullness .can never be
theirs, ftnr>fi._h<«r__ii-fi_TniTiila^_f/-_li/_]r»
 **■ — — - *- ■  » — ■»- —     \-*-vj  Sara,   v —*U.1*1U \J\* \,\f — JLJL-VrfSJ/'
themselves, they,' can set progress
marching' at „a lively' rate. In ^every
country and government the . workers are everything, for themselves
they are nothing."'' If they will they
can soon , turn' the tables completely
Unity, organization and set purposes
on the Industrial field and in politics
will' make tho producers of wealth invincible In short order. From the
workers must como the socialization
of humanity; they alone can destroy
the garb and grreed of capitalism, and
its crowning wickedness of a leisure
class with Its swarm' of "unwholesome 'parasites," ' Its • insufferablo up-
plshness and parade, and sordid sat-
urnnliiis of pleasure, politics and business.
In tho world of-mind tho now
regime Is already here. Apart from
the now faith "and tho nowphllosophy
thoro Is np progress for the fuMiro,
Tlio old traditions and Institutions are
empty bIioIJb, This moans thar, tbo
real rcvilutlon ls ovor. Only Its tech
nlcul vaits remain to bo carried out,
Thus iho gonoral consciousness Ih net
Tar irom ready to pass smoothly from
an old to a now boaton track of legal
and governmental forms and procedures, tho main result of which will bo
the securing to nil full equality of opportunity, bo lhat.no longor shall ono
sot of pooplo Hvo at tho expense of
i.ntilhor, and tho present monstrous
sybtern mndo-up of a few 'lordB of
broad" and a vast multitude of "lilavou
of bread" bo utterly and forever abolished.
This will not bo a land of nowhoro,
ns scorns ho certain lo tho spokesmen
of tho old dlBponBtition, but tho solid
land of modern hopes and thoitghlB
and InloroBtB, A land full of Indueo-
montfl nnd opportunities for Iho path-
fliidorajn every direction, A land
which will glvo Iho freest scopo for
Iho boHt Holf of ovory ono, nnd whew
the potlw followed will not bo tho old
onofl of Ignrnnco nnd ovll, hut the
new onofl of light nnd promises
If Btioh a lnnd Ib not to bo nnd only
(ho land of tlio past nnd prenent l»
possible then life Ib not worth living,
nnd the pchhImIbIIc gospel of despair
Is the hlghoHt truth.
But nature, or iho laws of ovolu-
Hon, ns manifested in tho'soul of
man, In will nnd hopo nnd Intelligence
!« nmlnnt fMn rlfirlriv vtotw   tlttil iwer
lets dlo the belief thnt. the Ills nf life
nomic Independence of the", .workers
and which wlll.be their gift from the
heavenly powers in ^the, dayy when
they have-mustered their !might* -to
overthrow the ruthless and devouring
system that blocks their* way;—N. y.
.Call. . .. .. . _/_0;>.   ■-."
•:  Department of Agriculture,1  ;
Victoria, Sepc ,7th, 1911
To the Editor,0 .   -     - .   .
- Sir,—I would ask.you to kindiy,
through the medium of .your paper, inform potato growers.in your district
that the Provincial Government has
decided to make a display of potatoes
at the American Land and Irrigation
Exposition . to be held at ■ Madison
Square,- New York, November 3rd' to
12th. Mr. Aschel Smith ,of Ladner,
has been appointed commissioner to"
arrange for the collection and preparation of this exhibit^ and will also accompany it to New York.
The preparation of the exhibit will
be undertaken at New "Westminster,
fxom which place the exhibit will be
shipped to New York. In order to
-allow latitude, to Mr. Smith', who-will
have charge of the preparation''of.the
exhibit, it will be necessary that ho
receives.at least fifty pounds of carefully named and selected potatoes, and,
these potatoes,must be chosen having
reference to smoothness of skin, uniformity of size, and flushness of eye,
and absolute freedom from all scab
or blemish.fla'nd all potatoes must be
received in New Westminster not later than October, 14th.    ' t
It'is desired to make this, exhibit
as comprehensive as possible. Ihe
Stillwell' Trophy, Award', value .$1,000,
will be given by the exposition to the
best.collection.., It,is the desire of
this department that a big effort be
made-to' capture this trophy. This
can only be' done by the co-operation
ot the growers. The' exhibit will be
made up of as many varieties as possible, and not less than half a bushel
of each variety. The yield of each
variety per acre, which acre must-be
officially, surveyed, must'be swor.'i to
by the grower and attested by two
more? reputable witnesses. Officials
appointed by this department wlil be
considered sufficient authority in sur-
.yeying' the land frpni which potatoes"
are taken. ,' Arrangements are being
made for two. or three men to cover
the whole of the province, and visit,
the growers who wish to compete, in
order" to officially measure the ground
f-cm+which thf; potatoes'are taken.
•Any potato growers in your district
who are .willing to assist tlie depart-
quested to communicate immediately
with Mr. Aschel Smith, Ladner, B. C.
The winning of; this trophy ,will
mean' a great'deal to the dlstri't.iu
which the potatoes are grown, and I
trust that we may receive the hearty
co-operation of all the potato growers,
in order to make the exhibit a success
I Have the honor to be, sir,     „
Your obedient servant,
Deputy Minister,
Ho Iho militant pIhiko of tho trust!nro curnblo, nnd thnt wolfaro    and
development U now far behind. Tho
tnists have come to May, aro ntlll
growing In »copo and powor, tho pub
liapplneHB Ib the earthly destiny of
man, Corrupt nnd evil systems havo
ever perished! tholr vory disharmony
11«. has got lined lo them and finds it- Ixspenkft their end: nil hlRtorv U hut
aelf on n new Ix-iiton track nn<l going
os yet with Ignoranro and dread, as
hi nlwnys the enso, It knowa not
whither. Not bo tho pathflndern.
Theso are mindful thai n day will
come when tho trusts must bo rightly
reolroncd with. According to, thcoc
peoplo tho trusts aro a»>rvin« a good
and ucccmury iiui-yow. Two IMuiw
tho trusts aro bringing about — first,
tho jwrfect organization of production
and distribution by mwnns of capitalism, and next an Industrial and politic*] BotlslHffi ntnuag tlio workers
Tho fwu nt toflf, will h-rcamo one.
Rut as yet the majority does not accept the saying of the pioneers that
the peopto must own the trusts,   or
tho rwird of their downfall, and of
tho rise of something bettor from
their rulna. Already tho pathflndoro,
thoso Inspired horalda of tho truth,
aro telling in trumpet tonos as never
before that In knowledge lies salvation, tlut It Ih the only light that will
break tho hold that organised wealth
mid «>(ht.r ilcoiiotlsms has upon the
People and that artificial ln«]uallty
♦>. well belnn 1« iii»n-n»ad«, and by
th« same powor can and will he abolished. And finally, wo aro beginning
to spell out on tho wall a great hand-
wcRttti; of tho totrilntf doom ot »
preaent womotil system, and th« sign
■post* are sr«en of tho n«w and solid
rond whleb \nit straight to th# «ko-
The Lemieux Act, which is" now getting tho attention the world" over as
a .notable attempt ln Canada to hold
tho balance ovon and help toward
minimizing of Industrial disputes, hnd
a close shave to being repudiated by
tho organized workers of the Dominion
as represented In the Trades nnd Labor Congress at Cnlgory last wook.
The Minors, who hod a largo vote In
tho Congress, havo.no patlonco loft for
the net and the manner of Its administration, It has been tholr experience
that the act can bo mado too flexible
for the convenience of tho employing
class, and vexatious and barren for
the working class. Tho best organlz-
ed of tho railway trades woro also almost unanimous In their desire to tie
tho tin can to tho Act.
It appears to havo boon only tho
strength of tho principle of conciliation and arbitration and, furthermore,
tho undoubted beneficial results which
havo been achlovod by tlio Industrial
underdog that saved tho act from condemnation.
Aftor tho mnlri motion lmd boon disposed of, this furthor resolution received uiianlmouii cnilorsntton nt tho
hundfl of tho best, congrona of labor
that has ovor nBsomblod In tho Dominion;
"Whllo thin CongroBB Btlll believes
In tlio principle of Investigation nnd
conciliation nnd whllo recognizing
thnt benefits have nccrucd at times
lo various bodies of workmen under
Iho operation of Urn Lemieux Act,
yot In view of (IocIbIoiib and rulings
and delays of tho dopnitmeut of
Labor in connection with tho ad-
iiiliilKlratlon of Iho net and In eon-
sequence of judicial decisions llko
that or Judge Townscml, In tho
T'rovlnefi of Vnvn «3«ntfn fiM/w^in
Inn that, feeding a Blnrvlnt? mnn on
atrlko contrary to the act In nn offence under tho Act. lie It resolved;
that this Congress ask for tho repeal j
of tho Act."
Tho circumntnnf*R related In th«v
memorial which lias boon forwarded j
to tho HMInlster of Labor by the
Machinists and Boilermakers of tho
Grand Trunk Pacific, In tlio wost, In-
dlcalo very strongly and Justly whoro
a groat deal of tho trouble lies. It Is
Intotevablo tlut a law hVh.11 bu handled
in, tho manner net forth. Tho official
HHHUinptlon .mint Im thai tho employees *r» in tho wrong and making trou-
y KIDNEY/TRpUBLE /  ', f. '.
Sold ;with a positive guarantee.   At
all dealers, 25 cents per box, or The
Fig Pill Co.; St. :Thomas,, Ont. ;1..-".7
ble for exercise, and, thereforeyvery
subterfuge may be resorted to1 to assist the company jn shelving their
request'or. fiiially7 beating them out.
For this purpose' the machinery-pro-
videiffor in' the act is kept inoperative"
so far as* the railway company is concerned, ' while at the . same time, it
operates to restrain1 the men from taking the ordinary steps to secure attention to their demands or. requests. Organized labor will not stand for this
for any length of time, and In some
cases the period of grace has already
This strongly-worded ■ protest from
the workers'of the G. T. P. will now
reach the hands of a Minister of Labor who is on tho eve of vacating that
office. His successor, whoever lhe
may be, may be well assured that the
grievances.there outlined have been
fostered., outside of the scope, of the
Act," but that they must, be remedied
and the equality of treatment of each
party to a dispute as provided for in
the act must be restored if that measure is to be anything better than a
trouble maker in the" future.
JOHN  BARBER, fi.D.8.; i-DS., y
yy■'--'-.}£,«,dentist^ <■/.:'• -.- y
y       y -   ,.      , ..y --Kj 1 ■ ■■ ■*■      o\ r
Office: "Heridt-."son - Block, Fernie, B.C.'
-   '     Hours: ,8.30 to 1; 2 to .5..
,    Residence: 21, Victoria kyenue.'
W. R; Ross K'/C'y V."  7W. S. Lan>
Fernie,- B. C,
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Barristers and Solicitors.,
Cox1 Street .„.   _  Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe ,< , Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER ,'   \
* Fernie, B. ,C.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer-
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
(>Gents' Furnishings
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay !!£»
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us youp orders
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see t,us once
Stanley St.  - Nelson
Beat Family and Working man's'
Hotel In City; nicely furnlihed
room* with Oath.     Dedi, 60c,
each, meali, 36c,
A Union House
Prop., J. 8, BARRATT
The Hotel of Fernie
Ftiriilu'M LcmlliiH Coiiniii'i'oiul
ami Tourlut Horntu
S. P. WALLACE, Prop.
Lliard Local General Teamttert No.. *
141,   Moot* ovory Friday night nt.
8  p.  ro,  Mlnorn'  Union  Hnll.   W.
A  Worlhlnnton,  Proaldont;   B. J.
Good, Sccrolnry,
Dr. de Van'* Female Pills
piU* tn eiCMdliii.* Mwtrfal la ttfrnUtUt* ik!
(HfUrttlvu D'Ktlou of flic fciwai^mlMfc.  Jul.*
rha ■ootMlt Drug Co., flu CattatniTi,VvnJ.
for &»!« at BlAJufetl't o«*» 8Uf*.
Nowhere In the Pan can ba
found In aueh a dliplay of
We have the beat money
can buy of Beef, Pork. Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggt, Pun, "Imperator Hama
and Bacon" Lard, Oauuuee,
Wefnera and Suutr Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone M
Bartendere' Local No. 6H; Moots 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Spur*
<«iy J. A. Uoupiii, Waldorf Hotel
Gladitone Local No. 8314 U. M, W, A,
Motts 2nd And 4tb Thursday Minora
Union hull,    a Koo», ao>.
Typographical Union No. 565* Moots
last Bnttl'rday in each month at the
Lodgor Offlco. A. J, Iluckloy, 8oo-
Local Fsrnla No, 17 8, P, of C. Meets
In Mln«r» Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.46 p.m. Evorybodjr welcome, D.
Tatou, SticiuUiry-TreftBuror.
Amalgamated 8oelety CarpenUrt and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hal! every
altornate Thursday at 8 o'eloete. A.
Ward, secretary. P, O. 807.
United Brotherhood of Carpantera and
Jolnera^-Ucal IM. D. J. Btans.
Pmideot; F, ii. Shaw, Ceetetary.
- l-i
& ''i
■m :'S«
V , •,
„ ^
| ■ • JC^-Qi0> Foreign: Brothers:
I. -
Una Vlaita al Glardino .Zoologlco di
'»».',.*     .       ■ i-       -'
>,','     '-.    - Roma     •'.       ■   .
•'. ,11 piu , significante " episodio d'una
:mia reeente yisitaaLGlanJiiio Zoolo-
. gico di Roma lo colsl dinanzi all'ablta-
1 zlone del lupi, che e — dopo quella del
-.leohi." dplle-tigrl e degllTorsi;biaachi
-—una delle piu belle; ^
Una" catasta di marmi e di sassi get-
.tatl la7con.intelligente disordine cos-
tltuisce la montagua bianca e r'occlo-
aVcol'suol antrl, con le sue anfrat-
.tuoslta, che sono 11 naturale sogglorno
>- delle helve...
Anehe qui un "canal© artlflclale, largo
a e prbfondo, assicura 11 pubbllco contro
gll eventual! salt! caprlceioBl del lupl.
, Pel quail e stata costrulta, nello spazio
loro rlservato, una larga vasca d'acqua
.   che' consente loro dl rlsciacquarsl ogni
tanto e reslstere per tale gulsa al cal-
orl asfissianti della staglone. "
Ora, hella famlglla del lupi, era av-
venuto questo; che la vasca, non essen-
do molto ampiaj e non potendo trovar-
. vl tutti posto a'deguato,; dovevano ras-
Begriarsi d'entrarvt uno'alla volta per
, turnb.    .      '-'.'. ,7
Ma anche tra i lupi ci sono i prepo-
., tenti,, gll' egoisti, gli lnvidiosl.-.
come, proprio fra- gli uomini. E di-
, fatt 11 lupo.piu grosso, unbel cani-
/' pio'ne asiatico, -dal   mautellb bronzo
- rame, dal muso, allungato, dall'occhio
^ sanguigno, dalle zanne muscolose, ave:
,.va insaturata nella ar'tificiale' monta-
'   gna questa .piacevolisslma usanza;' si
^sdraiava, lui solo nella "vasca dall'acqua" freschissima e limpida, e quivi rlm-
Janeva'per tutta lagiorriata, dibatten-
. dosl e rituffandosi con l'avidita di un
7 assetato. ' ,'  .'"""7 . '/'  ,,
a . Gli' altri csette.' lupacchiotti, perche
'eraiib piu plccolf e piu' deboli "di ■ lui,
dovevano rassegnarsi, a.rimanere rin-
tanati negll antri, o spaslmare,surmar;
mo scottantei correndo su e giu con
- -rabbiosa-irrequietudine.' . E-se unodi
.loro osaya/ accostarsl e alluhgava neli
7 racq.ua' un.. po' di, zampa' f ebb'rioltante,
7 ilpadrone°del.'acqua, egoista e prepb-
tehte, si rizzava con un ghlgno' min-
. accioso e terribil che metteva'spavento
, al povero lupacchiotti. anio dalla cald-
., .ura.     '," 7" '        '    -   '.'    •„. ■»'.-
"'•■La1 scena siripeteva regolafmente
tutti I gibrnl e si svolseanche sotto di
"nostrlo'cchiyma questa volta ebbe una
giore, sanguinolente e "malcbncio, rifu-
giarsi nella"sua''tana. -La battaglia
era'perduta; la sua dispotica sighoria
sul dritto dell'acqua era viii'ta. ;- .
... Da, quel giorno 1 lupi del glardino
zoologlco' di'Roma hanno rimesso in
vigor© il'principlo comunisticb dell'uso
collettivb di quella vasca dall'acqua
limpida,e freschissima, e ci vann'o per
turno, tutti, trovandovi protezione e
., Questa, che; non e favola, ma au-
difesa contro gli eccessi della staglone.
tentico episodlo di vita animate, spiega
e diinostra , qualmente. — Amilcaro
Storc'hi.   .    - v
Clearer Industrial Outlook—Threatened National Miners' Strike Post-
poned—Annual British Trade Union
Congress and its Important Discussions—British Bartenders   United—
"■ Railwayman to Re'fuse to Work with
Non-Unionists.      '°.     -    ,
-uv. » «',— V.I.V.-
.nwymJAnA mII.
• stessl guardiani.-
r Eranb circa le tre pomerldiane, e in
;queH'immenso. recinto^ adlacehte a
sVilla Borghese, ancor povero.di piante
e di pianto e di verde, un sole bruci-
-ante avyolgeva tiitto in una'sola vam-
pata inimensa.-    La folia cercava pro-
. tozlone airbmbradei fifu'gi elevati per
„ le-bestie,, e soBtava lungamento dinanzi a queill che erano piu fiagellatl
' ■ dal sole. - • ' „.  ■ "' ,
II  lupo  asiatico era  signbrlimente
, adraiato nella vasca dall'acqua, sem-
•pre, rinnovantesl, col muso acuto .In
alto por resplrare.     Gli altri, cho non
■ nvovano piu un angolo prototta dalla
cnnlcola, si ngglravnno plu Inquleti e
.rabbibsl del Bolito. Qunndo uno dl
loro si formo rlsolutb dlnnnzl alia
vasca, como declso nd un ntto orolco.
Gll altri Btetlero fernil sparsl attorno
a, guardaro,v
II pluo grosso pnrova non badaaso
a cib chb nvvonlvn. ., In fondo ogll
flapova cho tutti quel suol slmlll.plu
, doboll dl lul non avrobbero mal oaato
contrastargll II posbobbo aHsoluto, dls-
liatlco'dl quolla folicita, Ma tl piccolo
lupucclilolto dill polo rosslgno ora do-
clso n tiitto. S'avvlolno canto nll'orlo
dolla vnacn; gurirdo lungamento attorno a bo quasi por lnvocnro la solldar-
iota dogll nllrl, pol lontnmento el Insolo
cnlnre noH'acqnn. . II lupo magnlowj
pnrvo offoso til tanta tomorltn; el tras-
bo vorBo la sponda oppostn, splcco un
;> snlto o.mattdnndo un ululnto apavento-
volo si proclplto sul lupncohlotto tnlno-
ro cho uvovn oflnto sfldnrlo cobI. B
lo azznnno o lo morse a sin Btava por
flnlrlo, qunndo nceorfloro gll nltrl in dl
fosa dbl piccolo compngno cho tvovn
OBftto por tutti,
S'lmpogon una nilBchlu cho potova
. dnvvoro illrsl foroco, bI votlovnno qnol
dontl nguzzl ponstrnro   nolle   cnrnl
dollo floro, fiicondolo Bimirulnnro, ma,
un momonto dopo, rI vldo II lupo inn...
.LONDON, Sept. 8, 1911.—The immediate crisis in the coalfield affairs of
the,country has collapsed. The unofficial conference which it was proposed to hold at Cardiff today in connection-with 'the suggested promotion of a
strike policy in South Wales, for the
purpose ofr securing a guaranteed minimum wage for all colliery workers, has
been cancelled. At the mass meeting
of. the workmen employed at "the collieries in the neighborhood ■, of Porth
Glamorgan, it ,was resolved., to-' appoint a strike committee empowered to
take( steps to act on tlie lines of the
railwaymen and seamen: In accord:
ance with the instructions of the meet
ing„all the lodges of the "South'Wales
Federation were circularized and 7 a
■manifesto was issued.' ' About two-
thirds of the replies received were, it
is1 stated, favorable to the convening
of an immediate conference.
The committee;' however,' has decided that replies received" were not sufficiently numerous to justify the conference being-.called," hence its abandonment. • - ..,■'-'
' Mr.'William Abraham, MJV ("Ma-
bon"), president of the South Wales
Miners' Federation, In' a letter on the
proposed "conference, declares that to
persuade the' South Wales miners "to
engage in an Immediate1 strike" would
be.a mistake.,.' He implores the South
'Wales miners "to "do'nothing so rash
Parliament to reopen this question'on
the repoort stage of the Bill in the
autumn session, r.    '
-The Voice; Winnipeg.
useless; and • disastrous' to yourselves
and to the South ^Wales-community at
large." - Such an act as was suggested
would,* he says, be1 likely to isolate the
Welsh coal field from all others ln the
country, and leave Its workers without
participating In the general movement
that the Miners', Federation .of Great
Britain has taken in hand. Coal is at
present from one shilling (24 cents)
to 36. cents dearer than in a normal
year at'this period.
.The first British Trade Union Congress was held.In 18C8 and It took Its
rlso.ln Manchester, which, in tho middle of (j^ie nineteenth century, as now,
wns 'much given to setting rolling
these snowballs ' which enme to big
things. It was tho Manchester Trades
Council which conceived of ..the Congress aB a plan to vindicate tho, waya
of trade unions to the world,) and the
various societies were Invited to join
In a conforonco and to sond tholr acceptance of -refusals to W.I-I. Wood,
of tho Typographical Institute, Manchester. Tlio Trades Council had In
view something a,good deal moro academic than tho modern Congress. Thoy
woro atrong on tho preparing and read
lng of "paporB," nnd they thought tho
conference would asEumo tho charnc-
tor ot a sot-to on sociology such aB wo
would oxpect nowadays from tho Economic Soctlon of tho,British Association, Tho Congress was hold on tho
TuoBdny In Whlt-wook of 1808 nt tho
MochanlcB' Institute In David Street,
ManchcBtcr, and wns attended by 34
dopntlon, representing 118,387 trado
unlonlBtB, Tho dologntos nt NowcnBtlo-
on-Tyno this yenr number 1.21, nnd
tliey represent a constituency of 1,C02,>
133. The'34 doputloB ln 1808 woro biiBy
for moat of tho tlmo until tho follow-
lng Satiirdny on what ono might call
first prlnclploH, nnd tho opening din-
ciiBHlon wns on "Trmlo UnloiiB, nnd
AhBOluto NocoBfllty," n tltlo which wiib
List of Locals District 18
.i-J, NAME 8EC, and P. 0, ADDRESS
80 Bankhond  P. Whoatloy, Bankhond, Alta,
481 Hoavor Crook P. Qnughtoh, nonvor Crook, via Plnchor
431 llollovuo j, nurko, IJoHovuo, Frnnk, Altn.
HM Illnlrmoro  n. J, Clrnno, Blaltmoro, Alta.
1)40 IJnrmlB  Jon,  Derbyshire, Biirmlfl, Altn.
8227 Cnrboridnlo J, H, Hyslop, Cnrbondnlo, Colomnn, Altn.
-*■-• v...»..,. ti, iuuic, oiuuui, Aim,
Wfi Onimn™  n, "O. Thncliuli, 'Cuumou; Mln.
S033 Colomnn W. Grnlmrn, Colcmnn. Altn.
1877 Corbln  J,  TwlRjr,   Oorhln, B. C.
1120 Chinook Mlnoa .... Wm. Forayth, Dlnmond City, Altn.
SI78 Dlnmond -City Charles Orhnn, Dlnmond City, Uthbrldgo,
1203 Prank. ^ G, Nlcol, Prank, Alta,
S497.,llosmor ,,.. W. Bnldorstono, Hosmor, B. C.
1058 Ulllcrost J. O. Jonos, Illllorcilit, Alta.
674 Lelhbrldgo  L. Mooro, P, O. Box 113, Lothbrldge
.1180 Lothbrldao Colllorlos Frank Darlnglmm, soc, via., Klpp, Alta.
IMS Llllo W. I* Evans, Llllo, Frank, Alta
S82Q Mnplo Lent M, uilday, Moplo Uaf, Bollorue, Alta,
2834 Michel  M. nurrott. Mlchol. B. C.
14 Monarch Mlno,.,. Horaco Woodleld, Tnbcr, Alia.
S352 Passbur* Wm. Cooke, Passburir, Alta.
«589 noyal View Thos. B. ,FlsI,er, noyal Colllorlos, I^thbridgo, Alta
tM Tab«r William Ruaioll, Tabor, Alta.
1050 Taber  A. Patloraon, Taber, Alta. "
in itself an admission that trade.uhi-
ons did not feel themselves too secure.
''. President Muillns- at Newcastle,' in
the course of Ms inaugural-address
before-this years* Trade.Union Con-"'
gress said there was'one. significant
phase of "the doings of he:yeai\ that
called for < special comment.[;, During
the last few, months the country, had
been staggered by a general labor unrest, culminating in a series of strikes
affecting the transport l"and railway
workers. Practically all had been successful in securaing'advantages hitherto denied to them. , Nobody 'knowing
what it means, enters upon'a strike
lightly; but, just as certainly, no trade
unionist could Jhink of giving up the
right to leave work if he believes there
is just call to do so1. , Of late years
the policy^in regard to wages .and
working conditions had been in favor
of mutual agreements. .Boards of^Conciliation and the like. It could hardly
be said that they had' altogether commended themselves in actual wording
•to organized labor. Looking back at
the attitude taken up by the railway
directors in the recent strike, one
would think, said the President, that
we were back in the feudal days. The
supreme folly of any body of employers arrogating to themselves the right
to not only dictate their own policy
but tb tell powerful trade unions that
they decline to officially recognize
them is almost beyond belief.
The Workmen's Compensation Act
is the subject of seven resolutions
from various trades. The General
Union of Operative Carpenters and
Joiners has a resolution expressing the
faob ■■flmijif-■/ tfMi
have secured great influence over the
rank and file, and the army is honeycombed with dissatisfaction, following
the use made of it' against the locked
out workers recently.
Today 139 of the soldiers were sentenced to twenty-four days' .irresl.;
*wo were sentenced . to twenty-five
days trrest and fourteen were sentenced to twenty days'' confinement in
barracks. >
The  infliction' ofahese   sentences
merely confirms the discontent1 of the
opinion that the time has arrived for men, and the., Socialist 'agitation
the appointment of a Commission to among them continues unabated. .The
inquire Into the working of-the Com- government begins to -, fear' that
pensation Act as to its effect on unem- should the workingmen again come
ployment, especially as it affects work out the' army would refuse to - obey
men advanced in years, through the if ordered to shoot'or charge
higher premiums required by the in' ' 	
surance companies, and that'it be "an CANAL FQRCE T p
instruction to the Parliamentary Com-
mlttee to urge upon the Government
the necessity of .immediate action being taken in the interest of the workmen'generally.
"There are five resolutions relating
to coal mining, the most important being''1 one-from the Miners' Federation, An army officer of Panama has writ-
asking for,tbe introduction of a clause ten "the following letter containing a
ih the Coal Mines Bill for'the abolition suggestion which is of the timeliest in-
of unskilled ' labor  in mines.     This terest:
obviously-foreshadows  the, intention   /'Culebra,'Canal Zone.-I make this
on the part of-the miners members in suggestion. " "Briefly, it is to utilize the
R. P. Pettiplece, the secretary of the
Trades Council of Vancouver, summarizes the-recent .session of ' the
Trades and Labor Congress as follows: 'Coast delegates have returned
from the 'Calgar"yycq.nventlon_of7'the.
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
and are enthusiastic over the events of
the week ih Canada's labor parliament.
Much to the surprise of all there were
some 150 delegates present, making It
one of the biggest' conventions on record., A number of questions were
dealt with of interest to organized .labor throughout the Dominion, official
reports of which will be available in
the course of a* week. Jas. C, Wat-
ters, president of the B. C. Federation
of Labor, Victoria, was elected president of the Congress over President
Win. Glockling by a vote of 89 to 59, a
majority of 30. Fr.od Bancroft, of To-
ronton, defeated Gustav Francq, for
the ..vico-presldency by a narrow margin, and Secrotary-Trensurer P. M.
Draper was re-elected by acclamation.'
Wm. Glockling was elected as fraternal1 delegate to the American Federation of Labor convention which meets
at Atlanta, Ga„ In November, over J,
Bruce,' a Toronto Plumbers' organizer,
well known' and liked In the west. A
meeting of tho executive' council Is
likely to bo called at Ottawa In the
course of n few weeks, whon It la moro
than Hkoly that tho policy of keeping a
representative permanently employed
ln tho Intorosts of tho Congress will bo
concurred ln. In short It will moan
that PreBldont Walters will work In
Ottawa during tho sessions of the
Houso, nnd botwoon Boaslons put ln his
time whoro most needed, Negotiations aro to bo oponod with tlio British
organization, personnel and equipment,
that the government has on the isthmus to open up the Alaskan coal field.
"We have here, I.believe, the" most
efficient working^, rganization that the
government possesses. ■ The Panama
Canal has been done on business principles.' "'.The .work has been accomplish
ed '(with both speed and economy.
7E_o__70pen__Up_CoaI_Ele!ds_ _.-
closer fodorntlon of forcoB with tho old
lnnd, Including an oxchango of frntor
pnrty roproBontntlvba of tho employing
class wns pretty woll omphnBlzod at
tho convention. Tho Idea, however,
that Btlll nnothor lnbor party Bhould
ho formed was turned down, and tho
Inference numt ho (hat tho' International SoclnllBt Parly will fulfil nil ro
stltutlon of tho ConRrt-BS. Tho noxt
plnco of meeting choHon \vn« (luolph,
Ont.—Tho Volco, Winnipeg.   .
Army -,Officers Favor Unique Scheme
to Work Government Mines
"The -methods employed here in the
housing, feeding, treatment and payment of, employes could be adopted
there—the organization, for this con
structlbh job would serve in Alaska.
"The construction of,the canal has
afforded1 a fine training school for the
five thousand Americans on the job.
No other construction job in the world
has ever offered as broad and varied a
field of work.
"The1 personnel includes every class
of construction men, dredge and steam
shovel men, locomotive engineers and
conductors, drill runners, track foremen-and all classes of mechanics and
"The men on tho job today represent
a 'Burvlval„of the fittest," as thoro has
been a' constant process of pllmination
for the paBt three years. The ond of
the canal work is In sight, and a number of this personnel would welcome
nn opportunity In Alaska.
"The commission has assembled on
the'Isthmus a plant which ln point of
completeness no contractor could hope
to duplicate. It Is modern in every
respect nnd it covors ovory branch of
construction work. •
"It hns been woll kept up and ls In
good condition. Somo of it Ib being
retired from tho service now, moro
will bo retired within a year, nnd tho
bulk of It will bo nvallablo within two
,_,„,„ ,   ,, 'It covers ovorythlng nocoRHary for
rradoB Union Cong,™ looking to a luu,Loi. work and lwmim]a m] for
railroad construction,  Thoro arc hnr.d
and ohop tools to equip hIioiib nnd
nnl dologntos.    The futility of bogging „,„,„  BlMlt t0     ,  Ul0 ,„„„.„., „ftor
for leglslntlon from cither of tlio old lt iH comp]0t0d.
"Thoro Ib nn nll-wntcr linul from
Panama Canal lo Controller Hay mul
Irnnr.portntlon clmrgOB would ho
Believes Plan is Feasible
"I hollovo Unit the plan Is feni.ll.lo
qulramonti.    Though tho woalorn do- If tll0 novornmont Aon tho- work nn..
logmos hnd tho powor to do a lot of mh(jti „,,„ 1KirHonno, nni, ,„„„,,   „
1 IiIiikb had thoy ho doodod no rndlenl enn „oIvo tho AUlBllftn probU,m qnlcWy
changes woro mado ln tho existing con. nil(j c|,onp]yi AIIMY."
Woll  said.     Feasible?      Cortnliil!
.i.i.u*m.im, .>onia>, £>i:|ii, J.'.—
Following tho nation wlfli- toc-k-wi! ami
striken hero tho government through
n gonornl court martial, todny hnmlod
down Bontoncos nplnut' nonrly two
hundred soldiers who hnd revolted ng-
nU.,4   t\+ «   I., t ~,n li.    _ ,      .*| i t|
i»».._,..«   *.»._,v   it. i^.s.kuu^  U_i^*.^*^t.fclJfc#ft-  ^iV^vi.k
lng in tho army under" military law,,l
Tho Immodlnto cnuso of tho out.,
break for which tho mon havo thus
boon sentenced wns tho brutal penalties Imposed on soldlors for the petty,
ovory day breaking of -tho military
code. Dissatisfaction has boon growing for long In tho army, nnd n wr!<>8
of brutal sentences brought It to n
Tbor* is, however, no doubt that
tho 8oclnlm propaganda (s Immediately responsible for th« wolL    They
Nccessnry?    As uccesanry that Undo
Sinn should tako charge of opening up,
tho Alaska conl floldu as thnt ho Bhould
Iuko upon himself tho building of thoi
Panama canal—that Is, It the pooplo of
tlio   United   Stntivt vir/»  fnlm*  <o   mi
any lxinoflt out of this grant territory
which  they bought with tholr own1
monoy. ,
On tho oiluT hum!, If Undo Sam
bought AhiHldi for tho (fow, lot the
Morgans nnd Guggenhelmn ro tn It,
Stats or Own, Pitt ov toubo, _ _
I.l'CM COl'.NU. (**- i
Pmmii J. t1«r.Ni!Y rrukM mth that he (• «nilor
prliiff o( ihit Arm «( »'. J. J.liiMir A ()»„ .loin*
iforrMld. »mt tli.it mlil arm nil i*y th« luir. ul'
CNB ll&NlilllIll IM1I.UUH fo, 55fhTnd #vrry I
im* of CiTimtH Hut runnel tw turwi oy im iim> f,f >
Sworj, w Im- w» m» Md «ub«nib*ii hi mr t-n«ic*.
Itlll tlh d»y til Hrrrmlwr, A   |l, MK/I
i ~*—■ I A. W. ril-EAKOV,
j iial |   , Nuytnr nunc.
Hi.U'f CtUirD <Njr* tt Ultra Intmullf *f.4 %H>
0llt*Uf yuan V* Uv4 via mwmut (urUna of IW
iviMDi.  Hcnd tor li-tllmoimii, lr»«.
. ,a k    ., n     r.'.*' SJ'^R* * CO, Trt»4o. O
Snld br ill rtniMUM. tie.
t«u luat r»«.-ir mt t«r ^itiMipkUiM.
The Paper that gets there
'\ ■
Cf Advertising that advertisesis the
sort  desired «by   persons   seeking';...
publicity"for-their wares.
Cf Selecting ..the medium is important—the .publication that , reaches x
the  people —the -wage-earners—
should appeal to the  discriminate „
purcliaser of space.  ,
Cf Its an  easy matter to acquire
space in a paper but its another
point to get adequate returns from   .
the outlay. ". -;
Cf Advertisements that sell goods
are the ads that change often and
make interesting reading from t.imA 	
to time, giving .facts and figures.
Cf Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper is not advertising. A well written "and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed ,
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink.
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through,
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the new comers know who
you aro and advertise your business.
Cf Tho District Ledger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should bo your special, modium to
tell your weekly story. Just try—
can't tell until you try.
• i»    »
UQfpipiete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger fy
-7*y :
■yr&yr-igrrs.*" v^ivrr'fr^.1'?^^^ •''■Tfey'^ty1""''- " 7 7'7'y$^'i°^^^
'''■' .'■-'"   ' ■. "}■ - ■: .--V'--  -;77 "   7  -.7'-''.;■;.:.;«'--y /yy     '   •,. v;c;- ''-.   ; y-■ '    - 7"-";:' •■  yyyy'.yy^-^'eA^ ^^^
• -'"'•" '    7; •-'.     • ■  •       "   •,   i    ' -   •   .       :-     yy 'y .;■''*•'-';",-»-' -y*.    ,  ', •/-     •■    •    •■-■   ,     "      '-<•;--,     i. .-...>,' .-; ,y.^,'s^ -*• „, :;~. . .y ,-,"•• yyy ;y,y ■._.-.- ■;y.;*;^..f".:--/y;y>.:-'vy 7-
'o *
Grocery Values
,. Lot ,us reduce yoiir cost of living, and .Tt the
same time supply your table -wants with tlie highest
grade' of food products procurable.     ' '     »
Ogilvie Cream Rolled Oats, S lb.„bags  30c
C. and'S. sealed Blend Coffee, 1 lb. tins .... 35c'
Dominion' Parlor Matches, 12 boxes to ear-  -
, ton, t^ach  -': :-..'  20c'
Fancy Table and Cooking Apples. 5 lbs. for 25c
5 lb. Tins Table Syrup .......  25c
Canada First Cream, 20 oz. tins,'3 tins for 25c
C. and B. Jam, 1 lb. sealed tins, each  15c
Quaker Brand, Corn, Peas and Beans, 5 tins
-i '
for • •  55c.
Common Clothes Pins, 5 dozen for ,  10c.
Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars' for  25c.
„ Colgate's Toilet Soaps, regular 40c to 50c.
per box      • •  25c
Blue Ribbon Ceylon Tea, per lb. ..-  35c
' Toilet Paper, Oval and-Flat, 5 pkts". for  25c
Sheriff's Jelly Powders, 4 pkts for   25c
Canadian Sardines. C tins-for  .. ■ • 25c.
Here and There
,Norman Brbley was in .from -New
Westminster last week.  '
. I?. J." Dicker'was down from Cranbrook for a couple of days last weel:,
- Mr and - Mrs.;' John Brown" arrived
back in Fernie from the East during
the week.-' '7 ; 7"' ...   ''
Special: rates"to Spokane over the
G. N."'Railway, Sept, 30tti to.Oct."oti:
iletum limit Oct. 7th.' _■ . - •  .  7  -
Mrs. Howard Marshall, who has been
seriously ill at the hospital, is rapidly
recovering. ' >  -
Several familiar faces came in from
outside points last week to cast their
ballots in the'late election..
Travel over tlie G. N. to Vancouver
and Nov Westminster. Return fare
W i.ir..'' Selling dates Sept. 30th to
October 5th.     I«eturn limit Oct 10, .
Dr. Wriglesworth, who left here a
few weeks ago, is now settled In Vancouver, having opened up office in a
prominent block on Pender Street.
A. Fizzocolo'has.been awarded,the
I. C. S. Diploma, having completed the
Complete;' • Electrical ' Engineering
course. This is the third I. C. S. Diploma to be awarded between Fernie
and Coal Creek during the past week
Herman,, Myer, the cold storage expert for1 P. Burns and Co., Ltd., will
leave' on Saturday for., a trip, to the
"Vaterland" to spend a three months'
vacation among the scenes of his childhood.
The W
R. McDougall Shoe
chased at
sixty cents on the dollar, and sell-
ing now in many instances ' at
.  wholesale
0          „
cost.'             - - 77   7
Rev. ^Easterbrook, of Summerland
College, Is expected In Fernie for
evening next when he will address the
Baptist Church'" people and' review
i he work here.
Last Sunday evening' the Rebekah
Lodge I. O. O..F. attended divine service at the Methodist Church. Rev.
Dimmiclc preaching an appropriate sermon. A' good number of brothers and
sisters were inoattendance.
Ed. Fulcher, Socialist candidate in
tho recent-election in the Macieod constituency, , addressed" a meeting of
about two hundred in the basement of
the -Miners' • Hall- on Sunday evening,
and.was listened to throughout With
keen attention. The number of questions asked by non-Socialists -, at the
conclusion of his remarks shows very
strongly that the desire to know the
why and wherefore of present conditions is growing apace, and that the
apathy which has so long characterized the, attitude ■ of the workers will,
so far as this section of the country
is concerned, soon be limited in its
proportions., ,<>. The discussions of the
live topics of the day although there
may be divergences of opinion, are
highly beneficial -from ■ an educative
standpoint, as it is only by an interchange of ideas that an understanding
of the action .to be taken can be acquired.1 "
There were several additions to the
party membership, among whom were
some of the" gentler sex.
On .Monday Fulcher spoke at Coal
ed'west to the coast, but will speak
at various places en route.
Get ahead of the other fellow—be the
first  to wear new Fall Overcoats.
Jaclc Frost will soon be tinting trees and painting cheeks and noses.
Weather changes come quickly in Canada. You know that colder weather is
certain to be here soon. There's no advantage in putting off buying your heavier
Suits and Overcoats.   There is every advantage in making selections right now.
Fall styles are fixed.
Variety'is at its height,"
Extra exclusive
patterns arc here. And
you will have first
iuu.tc oi uli tiic beautiful Alines and rare
weaves that Fit'Iicform
selected from the
leading mills abroad,
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
An Incident occurred In thin city
recently that throw* a brilliant flash
light on the method! that nro being
pursued by tho Steel Turit to vie-
titalte tb* McXsmsr*. nrotbers and do-
troy th* Iron work*™ nnd all or*
ganlted labor If possible.
Ono C. IT. Patterson, a "guard" In
tho employ of tho garment mnnufnc-
itirorK, wns nrroHtod recently by Dm-
Torttvcs Soukup nnd McGulnness upon
the clinrKo of carrying concealed won-
pons, While tho chnrffo la technical
in n NotiM), behind it Ilea a plot that
In fnr-wwhlnjr,
Tho Inforinnflon upon which Patterson waa arrested was furnished by
John Sullivan a Pittsburg glass
worker, who informed tbo police that
Patterson Is In the employ of the
Woodward Defective Agency of Pitta.
LurK. Doiildcs acting aa "guard" for
tho gnrment manufacturer*   for   big
money, It npponrs that 1'attoraon wns
assigned to do a Job on tho sldo of
killing or malnlng P. J. Smith, business agent of tho Ilrldge and Structural Iron Workers, who hns fflven the
HU*J Trust considerable trouble In
rnllliw aurressfnl strike* npolnot the
Sullivan declares that Patteraon had
been offered f 150 to "get" Smith, and
that he had prorated him (Sullivan)
one half of th* amount to aailit. blm,
Patteraon railed nt Smith'* home on
R 3Sth street on (wo occasions to
Identity the   latter   nnd   Smith   ao
'New Michel,,29th Sept., 1911
To the Editor, District' Ledger:
Dear  Sir,—Will  you   kindly' insert
the following in your valuable paper:
"I, Charles Carver, am willing to
meet any man in Canada in the Welter Weight class.     I have inserted
this challenge in both Western and
Eastern   papers,  and  so .far  have
■, failed to get. any replies to my challenge.-    Failing to get any to the
above I shall lay claim to the -Welter
Weight Championship of Canada.''
- Yours truly,
cused him of being a thug to his face,
which Patterson denied, claiming that
he was looking up some iron workers.
While Patterson awaited an opportunity to slug Smith,,a certain H. H.
Bold, supposed to be a go-between for
the Steel Tnist, arrived In Cleveland
from Pittsburg and conferred with Patterson in the Hollenden. Sullivan says
that Patterson,- in arranging the plans
to attack Smith, stated that in case
either was caught by the.police to immediately summon the law firm of
Squires, Sanders and Dempsey, , who
would furnish bail'in any amount-and
which could be'forfeited rather than
have the case come to trial.
Sullivan obtained a letter from.Patterson, which ,was' written from Pittsburg by Bold, and .when Patterson was
Informed.by Detective Soukup that'he
had possession 6f the letter, the prisoner admitted that if such was the case
the police '"know all."
The following is'the letter from Bold
to "C. H.-P.". who "seems to have been
too slow "in carrying-out his part of
tlie criminal ^conspiracy to please the
=\ir r i i i_ i»« .... .... ..
"Pittsburg, Pa„ Aug, 22," 1911
C; H.-P.-   ■'••'       ■ .    .
Dear Sir,—Enclosed find twenty-flvo
dollars''($25.00)'. ' As you do not state
what sum you need this will pay for
necessities until you get away, when
by'.wiring me, I will-send the same by
I trust this wlll.be,the last letter I
will receive from you until this is completed, I thought we hnd understood
each' other when in Cleveland, also on
writing last letter;, If you have cold
feet and don't want to go throughly
so, but do not istall" around for tlio balance of tho summer. However, if you
decide upon tho latter, don't look to
mo for any favors In the future.
,.,     Yours very' truly,
A stenographic report of tho entire
proceedings in Foltco Court will bo pro
pared by tho Iron workers In tho Pntt
orson case, which' has not boon con
eluded ns tho Citizen goos' to press.
The testimony taken nt tho Irlnl will
doubtless bo printed In pnmphlet form
nndUlstrlbutod throughout tho country
to glvo tho peoplo further proof of tho
dnmnnblo plots thnt 'nro being hatched
by tho bllllonnlro trust to crush the
working peoplo and drlvo thorn Into nb-
ject alnvory.—Cloyoland Citizen.,
department of the railway service shaip
be 8s. a day.- The Amalgamated
Railway and Tramway Service Association, which conducted' the case for
the employees, claimed 9'. a day, and
the general secretary of the union'.(Mr
•  -'.P.,) says:-- -1 7 ■ 7" ' '■
■ "Though the1 award is not ail we
asked for, it is a considerable advance
on existing conditions." The; likelihood , of wages of laborers generally-
being increased iwill depend. on the
success of several appeals to the Industrial Court which the Railway, and
Tramway Service Association has de
cided to make asrthe' outcome of the
interlocking award, ,        n.
Strong ■ feeling was; evinced' at ,the'
last-meeting of the Victorian branch
of the Engine Drivers and Firemen's
Association'as a result of the recent
decision of the High Court in 'deciding
that the organization was not one.that
was capable of being registered under
the Federal Arbitration Act seeing that
members were not connected with any
particular industry, and it was resolved
that the branch communicate with thb
Federal Council of the association with
the view of having a secret ballot on
the question- of whether those affected
by the decision of the court should go
out. on strike.. It was pointed out that
about 700 engine drivers', firemen and
greasers, were" directly affected by the
judgment, arid that it had also had
the effect, of invalidating agreements
filed willi the registrar, by which from
1500 to 2000 members were protected
in matters of wages and conditions.
Tne motion was lost. It was then
proposed as a separate-motion: "That
members of the Victorian branch of
the association 'down tools.V" The
secretary riioved as an amendment—
the motion stand over for a fortnight
and that the.secretary of.the Chamber of Manufactures be written to with
the object of endeavoring to get 'the
employers to meet in conference to con
sider a proposal" that the. proposed
award of Mr. Justice Hfggins be embodied, In the determination of the wages board now in -session."'
The report of the committee appointed to devise a scheme for closer
organization - of unions was presented
to the Melbourne Trades Hall Council
recently. ,.. The recommendations included the following proposals: '■ ,
"That the Trades Hall constitution
be amended to empower the council to
control and finance strikes, and to
secure a, more efficient consolidation
of unionism by grouping the unions
Into families of allied trades or occupations. -For- defence purposes,and
delegation on the council, unions, be
grouped as follows: -, Class' A.—Primary industries; Group I, 'agricultural
Class B.—Manu-
A plaint wns filed In tho registry ot
tho Commonwealth Arbitration Court
In Melbourne recently by tho Australian Tramway Employees ARaoclntlnn,
nn orgnnlzntlon which lncludofl, besides Iho greater pnrt'of tho omployeoi.
In tho Melbourne Trnmway nnd Omnifont Company, tlio employees In tho
dlfforntit Irnmwny services throughout
AuHtralln. Tho roHpondents cited In
iho plulnt nro tho Melbourne Tramway
and Omnifont Cnmpnny, tho North
Melbourne Klcclrle Trnmwny Compiiny
nnd tlio Prnlinin nnd Mnlvern Twin-
\vnyn Trust; Mot-kin nnd Thoninn,
Nortliroto tramway propi'lotum; the
Kleclrlc Supply Compnny of Vlctorln,
Bnllnrnt; iho llohnrt Kleclrlc Trnnv
way Company, tho Adoluldo Municipal
Trnrnwnya TimihI, nnd Iho Urlftbinio Kb
ectrlc Trnmwny Compnny. Tho plaint,
nnlra for a geuernl Increase In wngoa
lit all hi'iinclx'H of tho trnmwny nor-
vli'(» and for nlloniLloiiH In tlio bourn
of worlc. It Ih not likely tlmt. the
tjcimiig oi the plnini vy tlio Arfotra-
tion HuuU \,Hi im fv.iXi'twi l\jr L\\\i uc
thrw .iioniliB.
Tho MflJwnirn** Wag** Hoard for
the furniture trade linn reached n do-
tennlnntlon  which will  shortly tnke
Wln'i,      J nn nil «.rt.Mrti Ui '♦t'atStiA 1M\*,is
from 'Js, to .a, per wook. Thoy will
mean nn ndvnnco In the wnges bill of
£8000 n year.
A wngea bonrd nwnrd wan made
available In Sydney early tlila weok
vhicb mny hnvo the «*ff«*f (aaya n Sydney meotiitge) of ralalng tbe minimum
waff* of im«klll*4 Inhorwi? In rnnntnnt
employ from 7« a day, as laid down
by Mr. Juatlce Hlggfoa In the Federal
Arbitration Court to Sa, The Government railway* and tramway* (Inter-
locking department. Vvard, ot which
Mr. Waller FMrnnnrf* la rnafmwn, baa
provided that after Wcdueaday lb$
otitic wage paid ln the Interlocking
in ^^7
- That is choice aridr>V
- at prices that de-
Keen appreciation is shown in' response to our ■
a.Ms.,, and .no '.wonder, when goods are,so,lowly
marked.   ,.' '■<"'!'     '"''•_.'    ..-''
30 Piece Toilet Set, decorated in sage green. * ,""
or blue; regular price $4.00.     Saturday   "; '
Special .../..  ..".... ;.....; '.y  ..; $2 75 °
Ayhner Pork and,Beans, 1 lb/'cans, 3 cans  25c.
"Whole Pineapple, 2 lb', can. . .7.....'    20c. -1
Whole Pineapple, 2 lb. can. , ; . .■ 20c.
,G<.ld Standard Assam and Ceylon Tea, lb. ■ 35c.
Gold Standard Assam and, Ceylon Tea 3 lb. _
Caddy ..;.  .!, 77 .\ ..........\ 90c. '
Fine Blend of Pure Coffee, per lb. • • ;..' 25c 7
Pure Cane Sugar, 20 lb. sack    $1,35     ',
%°Sack Five Roses Flour".:'."..:''.: .- 7. ' 85c:'
■\ Large, "White Onions, 8 lbs. for.;...-.......   25c.
Crosse and'Biackwell 41b. tins Raspberry,    ' 77
Black Currant or Strawberry .Jam ....-■, 65c..
Lobster,, finest brand, 1 lb' can . X..-.- 740c..:,
Imported'French Peas, can '.■■',■' 15c.
"Wild Rose Pure Honey, pint jar .'..Vy..., 30c.,
B. D. Smith's-.Tomato Catsup, pint bottle'...   25c.
, Manzanilla' Olives,'' gal. "-..■•,.;.... i".;.. .1,00'
Malta Vita Breakfast Food, ,3 pkts  ,25c.
1 Choice Canadian Bacon, per lb. .:. .-.,..■.,.,   25c.
Fancy Cresto'n Tomatoes, 3 lbs. for ■ 25c..."
ing.'and quarrying,
faeturing industries; Group 1, metal
trades; Group 2, building trades. Group
3, wood workers; Group ^.textile workers; Group, 5, provcdorlng: Group 6,
licensed trades; group,",- printing and
allied' trades; Group 8„ leather and'
rubber workers; Group 9, chemical Industries, Class C—Group 1, commer^
cial; Group 2, transportation; Group
3, public servants; Group 4( domestic; Group 5, recreative.' Each union
in- a group shall annually elect representatives to form a.group'executive
upon tho.baBls of one for every 2S0
members (or'portion of 250) in tho
union. All' general, trade■ disputes
must bo referred by the union concerned to thp group executive, and should
it be unable to1 effect a peaceful settlement, tho mntter must then bo referred to tho council, which shall ho
tho only, body empowered to proclaim
a strike, Tho council shall bo coin-'
poBod of representatives from tho various groups, who'shall bo elected annually by the voles of tho wholo of
tho flnnnclnl unionists In the group
voting as ono electorate.   Groups shall
shall bo entitled to ono represents cal taxes, but most working class
tlve on tho council for every 500 flnnn.; dwellings are lot at "IiicIusIyo" rents,
clnl members. Tho council slinll ob-j which menus that tho landlord pays
tahllsh a strike fund, .to which ovory.j tho local taxes. Tho court decision
nfflllntod union shall contribute. Whon (which Is causing bo much trouble nt
a strike hns boon declnrod the council present, rules that all porsons who
shall havo nbsolulo control,' and may!pay "Inclusive" rents ennnot^bo hold
»>af«» V Oft V«» V«BV«& V©Vfl& Vi
Joe Falvo
~— rg—
General Repairer
New Work
Carosella's Store
call out any unions or individual members It dooms nocessary to bring the
strike lo n successful Issue."
Tlie report wns ordered lo be printed nnd distributed amongst the unions.
It Is to bo considered nt n meeting of
tho council nix weeks honco,
to exorcise Independent control,- of
tholr houBon, nnd nro, thoroforo, not
entitled to voto.
This at one stroko disenfranchised
thousands of working dnBB household-
cVb, but tho Newport lnlorprelntlori or
tho ruling cnrrles tho disfranchisement n Btop further. Practically every
worldlier elnss houHOholdor In lSnRlnnd
hns ono or moro lodgorB.'Wlio hnvo
been fjnnllflod ns "latchkey" voters.
The Newport revision Judge hns ruled
tlint'ns tho holdor of nn "Inclusive"
houso doos not exorcise, Indopradonl.
control himself, ho enn not transmit, It
to his lodger, nnd so tho lodger, too,
loses his vote.
flo fnr no ontlmnto hns appeared of
tho total number of men who will bo
deprived of tholr voles by this decision. Newport hns n population ot
73,000, nnd .1,000 of Its citizens lone
tholr vole. Any calculation bnBod on
this proportion, would bo misleading,
however, for Nowport Is nn Industrial
\   ,
Peculiar Decision of English Judoe Regarding Taxes and Rent
LONDON, Sept. 28.—TlJousnnflB of
Kugllsh workingmen will loso their
voIoh ns Iho result of nn nninzlng decision of the Court of"Appeals, which
wns rendered n couple of montlm ago,
but. iho effect of which wns not realized until last wook, when 3,000 voters
In tho town of Newport .wore ntruck
off (he register In nr-corrtnnoo with It,
Of course 11. Ih known genernlly
l.hnI. manhood nnffrngo does not oxIbL
In England, but tinder comparatively
recent extensions of the frnnclilBo tho (town, and the proportion of such cases
y* in .i.iU tin.i)Uiitj ViiiO VMH\ln\i*
Indeiicudent fontioj, over a Iioubo or
room worth a rontnl of fB0 a year
may vole. Under Iho previously accepted Interpretation of this law lodg-
V;t*> 'ItkiU <>U ulut-tt it (OUI.I ill Uil* VrllUft
and had a latchkey could voto, portions of this class being known ns
"latchkoy voters."
Now all this Is upsotby the new
decision which turns on the Interpretation of tln» words "Ind^pflnrtrtnf. ron-
trot" and on tho system by which Jo-
ml tavM nr* 0ftlWI*»d In Kn<?Mnd, Tn
roost titles of America the local tax
es aro paid by tho landlord, who adds
them to tbe rent he collects from the
tenant, and probably the majority of
American town dvellsrt go through
llf* without ever nweMnr th*> )oen) tnr
collector. In England most middle
class householders pny their own \o-
tiuu.tt lie much I'uvycr in tho comUr>,
nnd In Borne other Iowiib, where the
renting conditions nro different. In
London, for Instance, thousandis of
workmen live In tonoincntB owned by
wiw ijonnufi Couniy vjuuntii, ut i>y uw
locnl borough councils, and tn theso
casos tho rent and taxes aro collected
weekly, separate receipts being given
for each, It Is probablo that tn those
cases tho courts would decide that the
munlrlpnl tenant eterelsiw lndep<»nd-
cnt control, although bis noxt door
neighbor, paying1 MAftl^ the nam esurii
In the form of rent, and receiving only
one receipt, would be disfranchised.
The situation 1» so serious, however,
that tt Is likely % bill will be Introduced
when parliament re-tssemhlei to regu-
.arts* the position nf the "Inrlnslro"
rent payers. This Is all the more likely, as f,ho Liberal party, which la In
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Morsel for Sale,
Buys,Horses on Oommlilon
George Barton   Phone 78 !
Here it is, Waiting for U
TO ItBNT—Two rooms suitable, for •
man and wife. Apply, Job. Leonard
TO Want—Two roomod. plastered.
Houso    Apply, Robt, Wright, Went
Fo^nte. ,,3-4t0.
VOn WANT—Throoroomod shack.
unfurnlnM or partly fumlahcd, aa do-
sired.   Apply "ft," o,o„ Lodger Office.
• si
• '/»
power now, would, euftor .more than,
tho Tories,if the present;state„of affairs were allowed to continue. ■
Second Hand
Furniture Store
Highest. Prices Paid
For   Secondhand   Furniture,   Stoves,
Tools, etc., also Ladles' and Gentle-
i '        "
men's Cast-off Clothed
Two-chair Barber. Outfit for Sale.
REPIUDBBNTATIVn wanted at onco-
W «-erl: !:i ;xur lotrtllj- V.T.I <,u„.-
nnl*\e ?S.OO to ffl.On por Any. Opppr-
tunlty to ndvanco rapidly, Will pay
IIboral]y for spnro lma Work no difficult. Hxporlonco not roanlrort. In-
tomntlonnl Ulblo Pregii, Toronto, Ont.
POn   ItBNT—Blx-noomed concrete-
block house.     Apply, Wm. Mlnton,
Annex, j(f#
7 n
7 - >H
. 11
'..   *iM
WANTED-A ^{otiMkeeper;   apply
John Murray, West Vornte. 2t,


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