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The District Ledger 1911-07-29

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The Official Organ of Distriat Ho. 18, U. IS. W. of^A.
Political Unity is Strength
$1.00 A YEAK
and Joiners in Their
1-    '■'.■"''*■'.
Annual Banquet
" : . On Tuesday night ■ the;membevs: of
--;, ,( the JJnited Brotherhood bf,Carpenters
7-' *' and 'Joiners, of* Local' No 1220,<gave~a
".- * banquet"'atlthe' Waldorf'Hotel, clearly
['jr proving that1 their capabilities are not
-;;;* 7limited inerely.',to,AheHraining of* a*
'.'"";.structurefof wood but-_equally to^ the
t ,s,;- framing and lining of t^e'huinan struc-
.-,* * ture known.as'man,7tbut In the last
^ * ':' task we t must 'ackWwlS^e. that' they
'. 'y had the excellent.co'ibpe'ratlon-.of the
-{'[ladles,,lieaded' by the'amiable proprie-
;/   • tress,'oO.he Waldorf and her" capable
■y ybevy of(assistants.   .    J,*f-   *  *.*-. y
'i" -     Mayor-Bleasdell ably .performed the
[.•.•■Ji duties incumbent on.hi*m;.as chairman
-" , of lhe"gatherihg and in his'nsuahhappy
■ - '  style after the'tables -were.;c)eared of
- ■> 7 edibles* introduced-those present who
V '-*.= aided in making the^evenihg a'pleasant
t ;<me, to every 'guest.7 ,
»■•.-*     The toast• list• was, a long dne and
- •■     to go'into every detail would take up
too much space,-but-we will mention
•;_ -a-few features and "hope that those
4, 7 omitted "will take .'the will for !the
_:' '• deed. *' 7 "'■-'- .,'.7". ~yr ' ''7
'l y.-.- Colonel Parquaharspn responded ,to
-" , the toast "Our Host" in consequence
; *'. * of theTmaiiager, Mr. -Leslie Willis, be-
■'. ving unable,'to do^so,f, because of'a
•  - severe, atlacki of-rheumatism.   There
'.V   ■ were ".speeches'delivered"by*^.Dofen-
.' '.becker'-for .he cigar makers; Joe Gou-
- \{; pil"."The Bartenders"i.^Av 'J:*--Carter,
.-.*—- *'.'-    r-p-p-  _ :7.     • .   t'-*^t
:"';,• ■'.. Brewery Workers'; ■ J,   W.-"-Bennett,
I",j, ;, *x'"The Press," etc., fete.-.■-,In,addition to
e •..those?already mentioned there were
}yy'" songs"by P. Scott/'B."-'Smith,\;P. Hi
.'» ,-;' Shaw,^recitations by ThoC. Beck, and
,*•   M-G.*Myers. also gave a "Heimath" eong
, ,.>tih,German that was greatlyapRveclat-
- -'"   otlyj H. WllkesiW. 'Kummer ;and J.
*. Swift' spoke 'on. behalf, of .their.; craft
'the carpenters.^QtUers *nrho were there
7 "'Jp. Buckingham, 0. B.'.Brown, ,C. Wal-dle
W.- Oriner, BJlErdjer, J. J. Wood,, R
Kerr, J-aMorigan; H. Willingham, ^W.
■  Ingram,,A. Crowe. * y ':•■ - *'   -;
'       ■ Fv:if,UialIy atNl2 o'clock tho gather-
\-i    0ing dispersed after,the NatlonabAn*
., them had t-ecn sung and this ended Lhe
r.    third annual banquet of the U. B.of
"   '-'Cand J. 1220..  ' '" ' *    '   ''*
ther In'his hoyef of Lincoln in hiscisLb-
in (*was*"no'riiore.T.'i7-,*»' *-'"'";7"?,^-.\'^
:Alt 'anything, in this world, is' great',
this, thing in" your:harid.;l8'"'greatJ s
7„It*Is;the beginning of a.new.world
power that*>ill one day shape' the*, destiny of" man. "7- '*. \ J VJ" •} • y,
''its. eyes and'ears are social--eyes
^nd'ears. ."Its voice ls"a social voice.
The" oyes~ and ears" search, throughout
the world for what you want" to know
what.you bught'to kn6w,,and the voice
carries to every part of the worldthe
news.,,' .   ; j •*,   , .- _,   ,.-."
-•' Through this thing and only through
this- thing, - can you* ..know . the
truth about country politics and business, * about science, * industrjt^and. art,
about freedom, justice and democracy.
Truth;-my friend," the'truth that shall
make' you 'free. ,.'„ . ,„.•■■''' *
,:You arenbw fed bn^lies. -You know
only-what" the enemy want you-to
know,, or what- escapes".frpm.,them'
when they, quarrel among themselves.
By'. controlling this great instrument,
.they control, the .sources of our infor-,
matibn, as .John D.. Rockefeller controls the* sources of .oil, and, we must
buy the.kind .of* product' they want
to sell and at their price.(  ,'■       ,'
Think.of this thing, more precious,
more powerful, more enlightening than
all else; owned by the enemy—at least
all but owned by the enemy!',, . .
i ;You° have this' poor., thing in-your
hands. * It depends.upWyou'whether
it will become'a great -instrument -. for
fighting our battles., -Poor as It is, it
is>a'smybol of that'which is our sole
security as a sovereign .people. _■'.,
-It must'be ''on* guard. It must
watch'put for us. 'It must repoort
the .truth "to us,'- -It ■ must warn us of
danger, and ,when?need be, call us to
action. J-.//'.". .7-A \r. .r y       ;.v>
Will It'"feiil?,...That Is' iiKonceivable,
for if this Jhing fails then. ail * else
fails.—S."D7*Herald.. ^ -■ A"'i* 5; v    ",;'
Dominion   Government
' The .members.. of- Hillcrest Ijbcal
ynion^U.'M.'W.bf *A.,%wijI -celebrate
the opening.of their newfhall on Wed-
and; ball. \.Tickets'' ?1.00^ and ' every
body whoJ can < attend. y. ill: be, made
heartiFy welcome.- .' Tickets- can **be
bought at -Burnett. and • Lang's Store
at Hillcrest' and at .the1" prug s.Store
'(Watson's); at Fra*hk7;%"":"~'
granted the Crow's1 Nest Pass Railway
charter Unsecured possession of fifty-
tnou sand-acres bf coal lands from the
Province of British Columbia. -. These
lands formed an" important feature
in the discussion ot that historic charter, and'th'e Hon. Gilford. Sifton, who
conducted the negotiations, niade a
great deal of the fact that by .securing these lands the Government would
be in a position to guarantee ari abundance of,fuel for all titp.ey It Is true
tjhat .there was a string on-the'"proposition, and not unreasonably^ so.
The, Government was neither to-bper-'
ate nor, dispose of these lands as long
as the operating mines furnisehd an
adequate supply "of fuel.,. But when
they failed to do.this the lands were'
to be brought into the market in
whatever-way the-Government might
deom"• best:'. ' It would have been unfair, to take advantage of this clause
•while the initial1 difficulties of establishing , a .. new. industrial enterprise
were.handicapping the operators', but
sych an argument has no pertinency
after "adapse of fourteen, years, and
since failure to .furnish an adequate
supply of coal has now become a
chronic condition it is surely time for
the Government to turn to account the
vast areas of fuel which it acquired
for this, specific purpose. Failure to
do'so undoubtedly.justifies public criticism ;it: may lead to somephng worse.
1 ne day has gone by when at any rate
so far as the largest' operating mine is
concerned' the Dominion Government
need refrain from such action out of
tender consideration for- its personal
friends. , The property has -long ago
passed under; the control ot American
tO'Whlch parties are,in!agreement may
bf made clearly known or difference
Irany, disclosed. I believe that if the
suggestion in my telegram of July 22
be acted upon and both parties are
able Ho show before conference of
boards of trade being held at Maeleod
to-day, that there is no'clifferehce between them on union question, an early
settlement will riot be difficult to reach
On the other hand, If there Is any difference, the sooner It' is made known
to the board in order that the public
may be in a position-to judge as between parties which Is taking the reasonable and which is .taking the unrea-
>.        ,_•
sonable stand In the matter.!
7 ",        W. L. MACKENZIE KING,
-    •*• Minister of Labor
•*    /- .   — Y     '       ' y
Powell-.* to  King-*-   7
Hon." W. L. Mackenzie King, Minister
' of Labor, Ottawa:—
, Would like to have interpretation
of Department on so-called -, Majority
Report. Macleod's" report differs in
essential particulars from Dr. Gordon's
and from this it would appear that
there are three distinct reports. Would
like your,, reply to me at Maeleod as
soon, as-possible %-q
,.' " '   "'■ ' w;b POWELU-,   •'.
Pres District,*18
, ,   ■ - ... --i *..- -,.    ,    ..,..-.
,  By   Robert * Hunter
,   Have you over thought of,the,powor
ot tho press?    ThU thing you'have ln
your bands has cost many a precious
life. *' •'..'"■.'','.
Battlos bavo boen fought that you
might read lt to-night peacefully by
your fireside,' '      '
It Is ono of "tho rights" won by
blood and sacrifice.    It and the ballot
aro tho two most Important rights that
mankind baa wrung from tyranny.
Think*of It!    This thing you havo in
your'hand—this newspaper,
And now ask youroolf what uso aro
you making of It?'   It is ono of tho
grontoBt powers In tho world,,
* It Is tho l/nmmcr of Thor, the sword
of Slofrlod.    '*■'". I '  .'.*"
With It you* can do anything; without It you can tlo nothing. Mark thai.
This Ib no pootry or fine willing. This
fa "a torrlblo Ood'B fact."
And what iitao aro you making of this
mighty Imtrumont?   ..
.Vlth this Jn tho hands of just mon
lnjuBtlcoscnnnot llvo. With this In
tho bunds of lion out mon; dishonesty
cannot llvo. With this In tho hnndn
of bi'uvo men, tyruuny und ojipi'ow.lon
cnn novor got, a foothold, .With this
in your lintula, you havo nothing to
fear. Your battlo ngalnst wrong, is
nil but won,
**,   But whoro nro YOUR newspapers?
Havo you thom to fight your battlos
,or !• It tho onomy thai wields those
mighty instruments? And If tho on*
cray only hni groat newspapers, have
not your winittt-uer**, wuo tiieu to wm
you ibis unMia ul nuiuiHitVuDuii, h^rn
ihey not died In vain?
**" Why dl* to win rlnhti for mankind
If -mankind will not wake use of thorn
whon won?
"Tlkii  kikv>.»'i,*»A"  Li.H*i    Hkn^v  iittM'tr
> ptpcn—aoni'B ono or. mora In evory
city, town and lumlot tn thla gr«*t
country, biit hav* tbo peoplo news-
pepera?    s
,Thla thlnf you bavo Yn your hnnd Is
•omathlnt of that kind. It la undo,
fed. It le rMX«d and out at tho tow.
It shuffle* alonir Ihrowih IU ehllrthood,
lmt, my atoDO-hllnd friend, it li tho
pronleo of everythlnt. Given nouriah-
meat, It nay yot apUt railu It may yet
betienM tbo great eaaadpator.
ft «u bom In a dirty baaemeot, mo**
tbarod and fathered by huntry paronta.
It vu at blrtb littlo more than a
shriek, tingtilnly and bldeom, yet tn
, Word has been received that Patrick
Kennedy,, former, City Alderman' and
long, associated, with Mr. JMangan in
tho .lumber .industry, was united in
the bonds of holy, matrimony in Brooklyn, N.Y., to Miss Kathleen Conway,
of Maynora Castle, Kilkenny, Ireland.
The happy, couplo _ave gone to Niagara Fals for'..their honeymoon trip
and before returning West intend to
visit,tho principal'cities pf tho effete
East. We know, that in wishing the
newly wedded.long life and happiness
wo volco tho sentiments of evory 'single citizen who has had tho pleasure
bf knowing tho genial Paddy, . ,
On Sunday last ChrlBt Church, (An
gllcan) wos crowded ..to Its capacity
nt the ovoning sorvlco whon tho members of Klk Rivor Lodgo ot Masons attondod In a body,' Tho mlnlstor, Uov
J. I''; Walton, delivered a vory Ira-
prcButvo arid Instructive sormon on
"Tho Symbolism of tho Cross." Spocial song sorvlco also was rendered. ,
William Wallaco Bruce Mclnnos, ho
of tho moloorlo crireor "Doy Orator,"
"M.P.," "Governor of Yukon," "Harris-
tor of fow briefs," nnd latterly judgo,
according (o const papers Is slnlod to
lond tho Llberalit of this Provlnco to
the nld or Lnurlor In hia fight for
Reciprocity, It Ih not only in tlio Unit
cd Stntes that tho pathway to tho,
woolsack Is via tho political routo with
a roturn tlckot in enso of cmorgohcy,
capltallsfs7who*"are handling it in exactly, the manner which The Week
anticipated. There Is no regard for
Canadian "Interests, Canadian shareholders or Canadian.citizens.- Tlie
property-is" being - ©perated*. to furnish
freight for* American.* rail way lines,
and fuel;for American smelters. It
is .'about, time that a Canadian Government imado a move in the interests*of
tne Canadian people.—The Week.:  ■'-
Night Lettergram—Carter to*King: *
'V ,   7     , July 23.
Hon. W.  L.  Mackenzie,  Minister of
Labor, Ottawa—   «  „ *, >-
Your telegram to. Pries. Powell has
been received by me In his absence
and I feel compelled to reply so-thai
you may be better posted In the matter
Kindly see minutes of Calgary Conference which were attached to application for Board and you cannot' help
being convinced of the attitude of the
miners on this question. There is only
one definition of a closed shop,' arid
that Is the employer employe'none
but union men, . The agreement ask-'
ed for by miners requires every man
to voluntarily sign the check-off consequently there Is no restriction on
the operators whom they shall employ.
Trusting this will clenr the doubt
which Is ovldent In your mind,—'Yours
xiery truly,
King to Carters-
Ottawa, Ont„ July 24th, 1011
A. J, Cnrter, Secy. U. M. W, of A.,
Fernie, B C—
I thank you for your wire July 23rd
Just received. There Is no doubt In
my mind ai to attitude of miners and
understand their demand respecting
union recognition to be as stated
by you. My doubt It as to whether
operatorii are prepared to grant .this
demand as presented, and I agree with
onalrmnn of board It Is Important that
the position-of both Bides should be
openly stated In order that the extent
King to,Powell—.--
Ottawa," Ont, July 25,. 1911
W B Powell, Esq., President District 18
U.M.W. of A.', Maeleod, Alta.
*        ,      ,      * •** -. .    **       ,
Your  messager'of twenty-fourth  to
Minister received to-day.   , In reply I
am  to. state * act .does not authorize
Minister  or  Department, to. interpret
report and ,„ny7. interpretation given
either party.-; In Minister's view If
parties concerned are unable to agree
as to -interpretation of any disputed
point question; might be referred by
agreement toj ehalcnjap.-of. board, .but
Minister ls,;without power to compel
action, by_chairman. Minister has. noted, however, regarding question that
Chairman and, Mr. Maeleod state themselves to be in full accord save,on two
points; the exception being expressly
stated oyer Mr." Macleod's signature.
Minister's views that In event of either
or both* parties notifying department
of acceptance of Board's report It will
be. desirable each party shall state
whether such acceptance to exceptions
stated by Mr. Maeleod. Department Is
Informing operators of Minister's view
as to this point,
Deputy Minister of Labor
* , On Wednesday the snd In* .
telllgonco was rocotved at
Coal Creek that Jas, O'Brien
.whilst at work In tho railway
car'shops In SonUlo had had
tho misfortune to got tangled
in tho mnchlnory and boforo
ho could bo oxtrlcnted ho was
terribly mnnglod, ono nrm'being torn from tho socket, both
legs broken and rlba fractured.
Tho uufoi'tunnlo young mnn
Is brother oi! John, Goorgo nnd
Chnrlos O'llrlon \yho nrp so
woll known In .ornio. Tlio
Inst two left on Thursday
bound for SonUlo.  •
When t|io distressing nows
was rocolvod tho young mnn's
poor mothor wns so ovorcomo
Hint sho colliipscil.
Outside of the communities in which
coal mining is carried on, but little
is known of the conditions connected
with the industry. Tliere is nothing
remarkable about that-because it is
enough for the ordinary individual to
attend to his own business properly,
consequently so long'as" his interests
arc not affected, there is no purpose
beneficial to, him to.be served,„but
when a ^dislocation takes place such as
a strike, lockout or other cause, then,
of course) he becomes very much interested.*
In order to get' Information bearing
on the questions at issue, he consults
the newspapers, and although .hey
may' furnish' all available data tlieir
deductions therefrom will ,be more ,or
less biased, conformably to the interests inolved. .*- ' , , .
■ This publication is the organ of the
mineworkers, therefore, we know full
well that the general public naturally
expects, thats Its opinions will be pre-
aisposed' to represent matters from
the workers, standpoint. *- To this we
willingly acknowledge in the affirmative, but while criticism may,be made
of our deductions, still the excellent
position we 'have for obtaining accurate data should, so far as the presentation of facts be concerned, at least
be' looked upon as worthy of more
consideration than those distant from
the scene of action.  * v-»
That a strike has now been In progress for the past four months* is common knowledge, but the circumstances
existing prior thereto are not-so well
known, and. regardless of1 repeating
whs-ft'to us "is an'old story J we will
dwell on some features that' may en-
cumstances to have a better grasp of
the situation.    ■ ...
r   "*-"' , ■*■**■-
. "Ah agreement was. made in 1909 be-
twen the. Western Coal" Operators Association and Distrit-18, .representing
the mine, workers,- containing certain
provisions as• to wages'to be. paid to
tlie 'men,Jh> the various departments
ranging from $2.25 minimum to $3.67%
maximum for 10 hours; $2.25 minimum to $3.67% maximum for 12 hours,
and from ?2.25 minimum to $3.36 maximum for 8 hours. These are all for
men who. are classed as outside workers. ' AU inside wages aro for 8 hours
work, the minimum is $2.50 and the
maximum: $3.50, and the only three
classes of men whorecelvo tho higher
day wage.are miners' (In wet places),
rock miners and machlnomen,  , ,
Tl\e extra hazardous character of
coal mining and the prevailing rates
that obtain in other occupations
should certainly convince any thinking man rosldent ln tho West that tho
increase demanded of 12V& per cent on
the aforementioned rates for day wage
men was exceedingly reasonable, moro
especially so in vlow of tho constantly increased cost of living which has
gono up by loops and bounds, and tho
knowlcdgo of which Is commonplnco
to everybody. Ono ndvontngo that
tho outsldo man haa over tho Inside
worker aud which accounts for the
lower rato Is tho fact thnt ordinarily'
ho gots In moro shifts during tho
month thnn doos tho 8 hour employee.
Wo may mention, by tho wny, Hint
thero is an 'understanding thai nolhing In tho ngroemont shnll ho construed to provent tho compnnlos from paying higher rates, tills thoy do, hut only
In sueh cones an thoy ennnot avoid,
because of conditions of tho labor mnrkot In that pnrllculnr branch, as Is in-
Htuncod In tho powor liouiio engineers,
who must lmvo pnflsod a Govornmont
examination undor tlio provisions of
tho Holler Inspection Act boforo tliey
nrn allowed to lmvo chnrgo of stonm
engines nnd boilers..
.. That,the occupation of the miner is
a dangerous one none can deny. That
the wages demanded in .all depart-,
ments are not relatively' as high as
those in other trades cannot be disputed. That the consumers,have not
shown any unwillingness to recognize
these two facts nor have they objected
to any "extent against an ' additional
small charge per ton "for, the coal is
granted, then where is the, real difficulty may be asked? The railroad
corporations, the C. P. R. and the
Great Northern practically own and
control the coal mining properties,
dictating* the prices at. which they
pay for the commodity. Then their
exeessive.freight rates to the consumer who does not have the good fortune
to have any interest in a railroad, explains why the, coal is so expensive to
the consumer who lives 150 to, 200
miles from the 'mine. When a- railroad owns or controls mines and operates them as subsidiary concerns iheir
principal interest' lies in obtaining profit-for the parent, company, because
they not only purchaserthelr own sui1
plies at a very low figure, but ss carriers derive profit from tlie" transportation to the non-railroad''owning consumers.
That these methods-do obtain was
clearly shown by the Railway Commi'i-
'sion ih the relations existing between
theC. P. R; and' the G. T. P.', ond
their respective , subsidiary ' express
companies'. '' o
o After" the two parties'to the controversy had been unable to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement arid Uie
negotiations ■ had come to a doEdloc.l,,
upon the -very' first question of the
percentage of increase In wages, the
miners' representatives1 stand ing out
for 12% per,cent Increase on Uie day-
wage scale, and.-the'operatorsjequally
determine, not to concede more ilmii
5.r.5 There were other Items in the
proposals of both parties, but the failure to come to, an understanding "on
the' first one automatically left the
balance untouched. '.. '' '
**. Negotiationsiwere then:ut a coin-
" ' 0
Local Senators Have a
Surplus and Vote a
.   Five Spot Each
plete slandslili,-^dnd' inciters'drifted
A regular meeting of the Council
was held in the chamber on Thursday  evening  at  which   all   members *
as.re present except Aid, Mclntyre.
" A communication was read ,,from the '
Crow's Nest Trading Company asking ,
that the Court of Revision-hold another session for the purpose of taking up
a .plaint regarding the amount assessed   against   this   firm's   holdings.
The City Cleric was instructed <o
reply that the court was' adjourned
and that no action could be taken further. ,
.- The withdrawal from tho Fire limits
of tne Skating' Rink and adjoining
block was discussed, but it^as decided to hold the matter in'abeyance temporarily.             * .   •
The City  Clerk  was  instructed , to
call   for  tenders   for   the  supply 'of
meters  and   transformers    for    next
■***■ .
two years.; '"     • *'
A motion was introduced, seconded.
and-passed, that • hereafter.-the alder-'
men shall be paid the sum of Five Dol-
iars for attendance at regular meet-
-?     ■       _-— -*"* ,    y
Ings and two and a half dollars for
of Conciliation, of whoso findings the
reading public have been fully inform- atendance at, special meetings
ed.--There "were two reports,''a majority ;report and a mlnolrty report, or
to be accurate; a .-report signed by C;
W.''Gordo nT to "wliich1 the operators'
representative," Colin Maeleod, waB.ln
accord, except" on two ' Items of vast
import,' although but fow words were
necessary to, designate "them. ; "A. J.
Carter, representative of the miners,
put In a minority report as would naturally he expected, when the suggestions of Chairman Gordon meant less
In the aggregate than did the 5.55
originally offered by the operators.
.The increase for day men suggested
by Dr.. Gordon was, of* courso, higher
than that containod In tho proposals
of tho operators for this clabs of workors, but this ls moro than offs<fl by,the
decrease that would ensue to the other
classes. As an illustration ot lho
Inconsistency of Mr. Gordon's propos
ed reductions will quote from tho roport:
"Tho board might havo considered
nn ndvnnco In tho ense of Mlchol wltli
a dally average or $3,00 for all eon
trnct miners and of Pornlo with a
dally avorago of $3.08' for tho year
1010, though theso ratos can hardly be
claimed ns below, living wngos, wore
It not for tho peculiarly trying conditions1 of tho company and   for   the
There were three voted,for the mo-
,***•*  '
tion and two opposed.'
,' This question of payment ot-mem-
„.'    ..ii • ,',. ■»*-- -- *
bers has been mooted for some time
past but how has taken materlalahape
Tho additional taxation ' will mean *
about $1200 additional fixed expense
and the money will be paid to thb. recipients half yearly. ,
'A number of accounts were submitted and passed.        ' -.
By-Law^ No/ 113   (Health  By-Law)
was read one, two, three times.
These few jottings from varlouB
"market' reports should be proof for
thoso who have any doubt about labor power bolng a commodity and subject to tho samo conditions ns buttor,
cheese; hogs, otc, ■>
The Local Labor Market
Local labor conditions havo not
changed much during the past week.
Tho continued demand, for labor, both
skilled and unskilled, keeps an even
tomponUuro, on tho pulso of tho labor
market! and tho result Is that aa tho
.   .     L,      ..,        __ _.    __, _. demand IncronsoB tho supply Ib found
strong declaration of the mansoer that ^^ {q ^ U)o ^ Q. m
by the Introduction of new methods he
expects to  be  uble to  Increase the
(Continued on pngo -I)
Corbin, B. O. July 20
To the Kidltor, District Ledger:—*
Hit,—I tttttU to ct_._ tha UUuilim. »£
your Michel correspondent "Krlmoa"
to the fact that tbe name of the Fire
Warden ln Corbin is William Harml*
■on, and not "Windy Billy," u In
•jour mue ol duly u, i can ou\y ***•
<irlb_ thla to bis .p-oai Ignorance, and
I think tho least ba can do I* to apologia* through the modlum of yoar
paper.. Falling to do !■» I shall, be
compelled to place the waiter In the
hands* at my aollaitor.
Vcrnra truly.,
' .   WnXfAM IMBMfBAN.
«M«*tM«M________r<____^MI______t   <■*» ^
'Shortly attar,ooo oeiock a flra wai
discovered la tha raar of lb* Cily Hall
Fortaaatelf bat HMl* <tmag« -was
don* at th« '.Ira IVnartm-mr retirbed
the nceae lo quick order and soon kuc-
ceeded In extinguishing the blaro.
Taylo*_V(M-*.., Lead, Ont.) Mithod of daillng with tha Mlna Wotkars (Courtesy CatRiuy  Albertan*
A petition con tn In I in; 1010 hIkiiu-
turcH, of which ovor ,'I0 '■ wore from
rondo's growing Hiihurh Coknto, wns
forwarded to Sir Alnn Aylesworili,
MlnlHlor of Justlco, nuking that a tree
pardon lio grunted Ani. llnu N'npoll*
(ano, tho Itnllnn woman who hIow her
hushnnd becnuflo ot his attempts to
coerce hor Into proNtltutlon.
Tho only minister of tho gospel who
slgnod tho petition was Hov, I), M,
Thomson, of tho Baptist Church,    .
"Tlio Renllnol," orwnn of Ihe Ornn.ro-
men recently came out In strong denunciation of this unfortunnto crenturo
ascribing tbo agitation for her relief
to Catholic sources, and we under-
Bland that as a rosult of their -actlou
a counter petition has been circulated
that the law take Ils course.
We most emphatically dispute tho
accuracy of "The Sentinel's" ttaie*
mentii as tt la the Socialist and Labir
press that bare been the prime In*
Btlgatori In tbe espousal of the uofor-
unate woman's ca»« from the vlo*-
point of common humanity regardlfta
of ber religious affiliations.
Speaking locally we may say Ihe
tUree women who solicited tbe all**.**
lures-were actuated by an earnest dealt e to aave tbe Ufa of tbe mot .er
■wl.o expetta an lncrwue la tbe family
nhnrtlr, and not on«! of fn*? n-om-in
holds the faltb ao strongly Inveighed
egatnat by The Sentinel.
mnrkot. All trades are working to
their fullest cnpnclty, nnd tho ngonts
nf the unions Kttite thnt there Is nn
men out of work. Tho schodulp scnlo
of w'nKOB seoms to bo of u untlHfn.
lory naturo nnd complaints, ns ro-
gnnlfl lho non-fullfllmcnt of tho schedules Is prnellcnlly nil. It rnn now
ho fairly wellVpredlcted thnt tlioro
will not bo nny troublo by nny of Iho
trndos In tho city this yenr.
Mutter mnrkot In gonorally firm.   Offerings nro fnlrly good. Chceso Is nlso
flrniK.     V.nnn :uv   urichnngcd,     Hog
products nro steady.
Thn wholoHiiln fish men report a continued strong domnnd for the various
llnon handled,    Supplies nro plentiful,
1'rlcoH rt'imtin as quoted last week.
Trend  of Coffee Market
l'rlres hnve heen firm for nnm**- tlmo
and advances havo occurrod,
Tho market on coffee has beon very
firm for some weeks and options havo
been steadily advancing.'  Green _o_
foes as well as the liranlllan market
have also advanced.
There. Is a largo decrease shown In
the visible supply which la given out
as follows by the New York Coffee
Exchange, Tilio decrease for tho
month of June waa 741,148 bags, so
that tho total on July 1 was 11.070,4JS,
which compares with 15,710,8513 a year
ago. Tn other word* tbe smaller Bra-
illlaa craps resulted lu «. loin* of about
$,700,000 baga for the twelve months.
Since tbe Bankers' Committee aold
1,2*0,000 baga, government eoffeo In
April tbere rwnaln* 5,100,000 baga tn
their hands which, deducted from tbo
vffilhf<\ leavca on avallabta auuuW at
about (,000.000 baga for Europe and
tblt country,
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Spartacus the' Gladiator
The outstanding feature which marked ancient civilization from " modern
was the production of wealth by the
labor of chattel* slaves instead of, as
now, by wage 'labor. - ■" The^ position
of these slave's was exactly that of the
horse or the ox. Tbey were work
animals .and were in effest, so'regard-
ed'rather than as human beings. Unlike "'dhe modern worker," whose services are,bought from day to day,
though thus his servitude Is also lifelong, they were bought and sold bodily
and were the actual property of their
masters.';. And as such they were, like
an ox or a horse, more or less valuable
property and represented generally a
cash outlay, There was therefore an
incentive to treat them at' least as
well iis horses or oxen. They were
housed, clothed and fed by their masters of course out of the wealth they
had produced, and a certain standard
' of housing, clothing and .feeding had to
be observed in order, that their efficiency might *not be ^impaired. For
the products of their toil belonged to
their owners, .and .the greater their
productivity the better for the latter.
, However, as theso civilizatons advanced, slaves became sot numerous* as
to be of lttle value. The incentive
to good treatment accordingly vanished, and the lot of the slave became
very hard. So much so that'slaves
were driven to the limit of their endurance, as,*-when worn out, they could,
like the. wage workers, easily 'be replaced. Further, the wanton slaughter of slaves came to be a pastime. One
of the forms taken by this _pastime
was gladiatorial games, and the more
active, powerful and courageous slaves
were picked'out and trained to fight
with one another in the arena for the
entertainment of the citizens. One of
these gladiators was Spartacus. By
birth a Thracian herdsman, he had fallen into the hands'of the Romans,
and about 74 B. C, was trained as a
gladiator at the Roman City of Capua.
Here his stature, courage and prowess
had brought 'hlm considerable fame,
* and he was a leader among the gladiators. With some two hundred of
these he at length formed a plan to secure the* knives with' which they ate,
rush the guards ^ aiid escape. ' At the
last* momentr the plan was betrayed
and a move made to arrest the plotters.
But they, became aware of it in time
, and Sparatacus and some seventy of
.ed.ln breaking out. Out in the country,, the fell in with some wagons
loaded with weapons intended for use
-in the arena. Seizing what they required of these they made their \way
to Mount Vesuvius; Here Spartacus
' was elected leader with Crlxus and
Enomans as lieutenants.• <
• It was not long before a detachment
of troops was sent after them. These
found thom entrenched upon a precipitous crag with hut one way of ascent.
Being nightfall, the soldiers ■ camped
here, guarding the foot of tho approach
to proven^ escape'. However,' during
tho night the gladiators, twisting ropes
of vines, let themselves, down, a cliff
.on the far side, and making a detour,
fell upon the sleeping soldiers. Taking them completely by "surprise they
slaughtered numbers of them and put
the rest to flight, capturing their arms
and baggage; ''
.Spartacus then issued a proclamation of emancipation for all those who
would join ' him. At this time. the
public lands, which had formerly been
tilled by the peasants on shares, had
been mostly seized by the rich, and the
peasants had been reduced to a miserable condition of poverty, while great
estates had sprung up, tilled by hordes
of imported chattel slaves under the
lash of hired overseers. Consequently Spartacus' proclamation received a
hearty response, and he soon found
himself at the head of some ten thousand desperate men more or less armed. These he set himself to drill and
discipline into an army.
* Against this slave army was sent a
large Roman force under the praetor
Varlnius. Varinius foolishly divided
his forces. One of his lieutenants,
Furius, he sent ahead with two thousand men, while another, Coslnius, occupied the town of Salenae, where he,
with cheerful confidence, proceeded to
take the baths. Spartacus was not
slow to seize the advantage, He surprised Furius and destroyed nearly
his entire detachment, and then almost
succeeded in capturing Coslnius in his
bath, routing his detachment also, m
The effect of this victory was electrifying. Slaves poured into the camp
of Spartacus and soon his army numbered some seventy thousand. With
these he quickly'annihilated Varinius'
bers and "the" slave soldiers seem to
have lost .their "heads* over their successes. - They compelled "Spartacus to
abandon the northward "march to'safe-*
ty and turned'their* faces, again'towards Rome.' An* army, under/ the
Consul Lentuluswas met", and beaten
so disastrously that Lentiilus waB" recalled and disgraced.  7 .      , _  J- <:
', The Roman elections' taking place
about; this" time/ a" peculiar situation
arose, there being ho candidates for
the office of consul, as the new consul's first duty would be \o lead' ari
army against the now 'dreaded gladiator. Finally Crassus -was prevailed
upon to take the office. He appears
to have been at least a general of, considerable prudence, for he i" devoted
himself to harassing the servile army
without risking a pitched battle. S'ot
so his lieutenants,', ho we ver, throe of
whom successively, were tempted Into
attacking the slaves, against orde-s,
and were crushlnily defeated. Crassus
nevertheless succeeded In herding the
slaves down, towards the sea*. *    *
■ Here accounts become- _ somewhat
obscure, , Spartacus seems to. have
conceived the Idea ot crossing to Sicily. To this end he. appears' to have
had some dealings with sea pirates.
And, while they failed to cross him
over, yet somehow, through their agency his forces seem to,.have been
swelled to the enormous number of
three hundred thousand. Hereabouts-
also, Crassus seems to have attempted
to shut in the slaves'on a promontory
by means ot a wall rnd embankment
thirty-six miles long. Through these
entrenchments the proletarian army
broke  one   stormy  night  and   again
untrained ^workers "and ' without "the
backing of a great state, was probably
the'greatest',general of them,-all,.and
and a man* of fine character, Ve. hear
hardly. the name.     The*?reasons' are
■*._. t **■ ■-■__. r   *
clear .enough."-. He was*a leader ot
slaves" in. revolt against .their masters,
ahd''hl8tOTianVju-e historians';of tlie
master, class;'^"*' -•. - -i*'"1 7- •.•**■'' '-.'
.     :..   ...I   -  .*   ■ .  . *„. 7*.- .,
.,   -Y'$i'opkt*i to settlers'
,<-,     Homes for 2,000 • Farmers -
main body.     This left the field clear j gained the open country.     Disaffec-
foi* Spartacus.    He 'raptured cityafter tion seems to have again broken out
city, gaining adherents everywhere and
seizing quantities of arms and supplies, until he was complete master of
the extreme south of Italy, where he
spent the winter in drilling and maneuvering his forces, evidently realizing
the dangers of idleness and luxury in
such circumstances.
It had been planned in the spring
to march upon Rome itself, but'this
plan had to be abandoned owing to the
jealousy and defection of Crixus and
Enomans." ,The latter, withra large
party undertook an excursion for plunder westward, encountered a Roman
army rand was killed and his- force
routed. Crixus, witli some thirty
thousand Gauls, met the same fate at
Mt.* Garganus.        - -.   * **   -.
Spart"acus"then conceived" tfieplan- of
leading the army northward out of
Italy, whence the slaves might escape
into regions whose Inhabitants.had not
been enslauved and expropriated--in
the Roman wars of conquest. On this
march he was constantly harassed by
three Roman armies. However, one
of these he outmanoeuvered .and de
feated, capturing a large number of
Roman patricians, These, with apt
irony, ho compelled to fight as gladiators for the entertainment of the slaves
At the crossing of the River Po. his
way was barred by a' second army,
which likewise met with defeat. ' His
army was again aiigumented"'in num-
among them, and fifty thousand, taunting Spartacus with cowardice, sallied
forth to attack Crassus, with the usual
The Romans had now been reinforced by the arrival of Pompey with an
army from Spain, and Lucullus was
expected at Brundusium with the Asiatic legions. " Spartacus, ' by forced
marches, attempted to reach this port
ahead of Lucullus, but was too late,
and was;checked in -this direction.
Dogged by three armies, numbering in
all some four hundred thousand men,
mostly veterans, under the three ablest
generals of the day, the slaves retreated into" the, mountains.» Finally, at
the headwaters of,the Silarus, they
were forced to give battle."    After four
years of fighting, Spartacus now realized that, the end had-come. After a
desperate struggle Spartacus and a
great part .of his army were killed and
the rest scattered among the mom.
tainB to be later hunted down. Altogether some 260,000 workingmen
were killed. Six thousand prisoners
were crucified, along the Appian Way
for the delectation of the partrlclans
ds they drove back and forth.
So ended one of the greatest class
wars of history, of which the historians make' but scant mention. Alexander, Hannibal; Caesar, have been
extolled to all the world for their generalship.     Of Spartacus, who, leading
-*. MINOT, -N. * D.f July.—President Taft
has'.issued'a proclamation throwing
open'tb settlement the Fort Befthold
Indian-Reservation in; North Dakota.
Registration will commence August lii
Principal point of registration is Mlnot
North Dakota.,' 'K *. ', tj.%**  yy
' The land subject tb homestead.entry
will approximate 342,000 acres." + It
will be subject to settlement' under
United .States Homestead .Laws. ■' -
The land has been, appraised at
prices ranging from fl.50 to $6.00 per
acre. . - Any American citizen' or alien
who has declared his intention of becoming' such and who has not already
exercised his homestead right or who
is not already the owner of more
than 160 acres of land, is eligible to
register for a homestead at this opening.
The^land located in this reservation
is some of the choicest land in North
Dakota, located in the northwestern
part of McLean County Just south of
the Great Northern Railway's transcontinental line.' The larger > portion
of.it is a dark, brown color, the top
soil being "an alluvial, deposit capable
of producing" all kinds' of cereals and
vegetables'. ""It'is underlaid„with a
clay sub-soil. The larger portion Is
practically free from stone and may, be
easily worked. -'     ,,,'-•
"* Tse method'of the opening will be
by registering* and drawing.
„ In addition to the., usual homestead
filing fees,, the homesteader will have
to pay the appraised value of the tract
which lie picks out which may be any
where'from $1.50 to $6.00 per acre/
'-"-: ^7\,v* ~.
Sold on the
August 6-11. '
_•_..■'      ■_  *•-,?, *, ..   ■ - •*, * -. -
.45, Steam-Heated  Rooms <
i :        .:   __■',"*•- "••■ '■'  .
•'. '   , .'-   7"."*7%'&.
.    "*'        -•«.'•   _   7-L 4 '"-"•"   ■<■".--.
•* '-'-Hot and.Cold Baths'
, -*,   < .   -•-_--
_      ' •   •-
,< -        ' ,">*    -        r,   ..
'.'1 i *      -,*   ^    * **- .
y^y""f FernieV, Leading , Commercial,.Hotel
'';-■('-  »!0.'-_
<\ ■*. -o   * ;"-*V .*    ..
'. . *    ,. '•"tV- >- -»•"•■
v - •*,',-   .«'-*,. *■■..,■,    -• -   .->',.        *':.i'V',   .*„■*«   •
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.--,.-   "--,,,■ 7 <*' -     -v"<  *j.-.-\  ,-*- ^■*-*■, ,-*v> ■*.■!■ ■*■.-'..■'. -
".-* The.Finest* Hotel In East.Kootenay.-.     •■   '* AJ..L. .;GATE8> Prop..,'.,-
■Ht* 1
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'-Y, J
To the-Editor, District Ledger-1-
n Dear Sir,—Please 'allow me space to
say "just-a."few words on how the
football league is won and lost iri "this
the Crow's Nest Pass. I must say
it is a disgrace to such • a fine * bid
game, for on Saturday's match (Michel-1 v' Coleman) everybody knew that
Michel- had.' to" win.'.and to makeHt
more' glairing' Coleman only' brought
four of theirVregular players.   ' I; for
one, thinkers a^Tying~shamer^fhaf
such things ""should be allowed, and
the sooner jthe'football executive get
a move on the better it will be for the
game. " They^wlll tell you that they
are playing undSr the English Association "rules.* . Nothing of the kind,
for the E. A; would,not stand for such
things but would disqualify them for
life.' And .please remember that' at
present there are .only five team's *in
the league, not* a' quarter of a league,
and still we cannot have straight play,
for I, think all the teams are tarred
with the same brush.
Yours, etc., „
Wliile an antiquated Supreme Court
is conducting trust Investigations*and
promising more in the future, and "a
gullible, public expectantly awaits' the
decisions, hoping that somethlng.'they
know not what, will be done, to limit
the scope' and " power ' of the trust,'
Judge .Gary, calmly disdaining to notice the, childish farce, goes into consultation with the representatives of
the steel .industry of seven of the
greatest industrial'nations, and "as a
result that outlines" of a World's International Steel Trust—it's final form
—rises before' the astonished gaze, of
a.gaping public. * .'
And the'apparition is all the'more
menacing from the fact that" it' was
unexpected.*' In'the very midst of the
investigations the purpose of wliich
was to "limit the monster, it develops
before their very eyes larger and
more powerful than ever. It was a
national menace when the investigation began, and before it concludes it
becomes international. To the command-of 'thus far and no farther," it
responds by enveloping practically, the
entire commercial world.     -   ":  '-'-,  -
Such1-is the answer • of the Steel
■Trust to that august body from-.whose
decision there is no appeal. The steel
interests of England, France, ■qeriMny,
'. .*' .        '*.-     HEAD OFFICErTORONW   -   .'... .     -.. .7 , * ,
. Capital Authorised .'.-..$10,000,000<00. .Capital' Subscribed .... $5,575,000 '
Capital  Paid  Up 7.".'...$5.575,000.•    Reserve,FundV.7.......$5,575,000 '
b. R. WILKIE, Presltfent      ' HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
' .       ." ,     BRANCHES* IN   BRlfl8H."cOLUMBIA   _     ^-^ : "'{}*
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,- Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Meyle,! Nelson*
,7 Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. *       ,'" '
.*. „ .    SAVINGS DEPARTMENT ,   ,   ,   '    '     ' "?
interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date -of deposit.
PERNIE BRANCH    * a     GEO. I. B. BELL, Manaoer
are inseparably'twins. ■ Wherever,
.   you find the one; you're sure to find ,\
the other." • j**"V ' -   • . '
*■" .N '.'*■■'•* *.,-'     V'-':  , ■. .'
7- . BUY .T HERE.   '
Good pine'boanta or timber are inseparable" to our lumber busipess— *
where one is, there you'll,find; the,
.other.    ' -    y " ", *>    ■>
Scenei from 'The Sqtww Man' at tho Onuid [ Tbettre, Saturday, 2&th July, 1911.
ed with.those ol- the' United-States
In forming an international association, the-fudimentary form of"the1 inevitable" Intetfnational" Trust. * Its first
phase' is tlie usual "gentleman's Agreement'; the' invariable prelude to'the
process of trustification." ■ y[-
'"■.Howls our Supreme. Court to deal
with tills combination? What statute
can be enacted in any of the countries
involved that wlll,effectlvely forbid its
formation? , The limits of the lawmaking power of any. country'aro Its
own- borders. National law is powerless to deal with' International phenomena. And no International conference can be called to deal with the
trust, for the governments ot the other
countries involved do, not need antitrust campaigns to deludo their people
and will have none of thom.   .
Yet tho situation ls not ono whit
more impossible to deal with now than
it over, was..' Tlio national trustt'ould
no moro be dostroyed'by tho Supromo
Court than the International trust can.
And for tho,formation of,tho Jattor'is
valuable mainly, in emphasizing, tho
hopolessnesB of "trust busting.' Wlillo
tho trust'.was only national In scop©,
millions could be decoiyed Into,hollo.
Ing lt subject to national law, Now
that it Is' becoming International tho
fact that thore Is no law that can ovon
protend to'.deal with it Is only too ap-
j| paront to tho menmest Intelligence; It
l Is now ovldont to all that tho trust as
I an: International, phenomenon Ib alto-
|, gothor boyond tho Jurisdiction o( tho
Supreme Court, a condition which was
as much of a fact whon tho trust was
rnoroly national, hut which could not
so readily bo porcolvod. \
Tho world trimt whloh now- amours
as a Btartllng and terrifying apparition
to tho fendon. of tho,cnpltallBt pross,
was prodlctod with absolute certainty
many yoam boforo It,npponrod by tho
Socialists, 'tho correctness of whoso
analyBln of tho, trust Itsolf, At tlio
tl'rno of* this writing,,July 0, llio local
<]. -.'ii pit'il 1st proBB Ih giving Irs roiiilort
In sensational headlines the nows of
tho monstor combination.' On July
2 thin journal announced that tho
out como of tho IIi-iibhoIh eon von! lon
would bo tho formntlon of tlio Interiin-
t'lohal Stool Trust, and four dnyn lntor
"U i.nuQUUt.ni''iil was conflnnod nml
"onliirod iih "mows" In tho capllnllsl;
irons,,- On tho question of tlio trust
mi .bot'iiiiiHt journalist can "scoop"
'.ilsvoi.ilfivl.lliit'i. «•»«_!■)■ Uniti, Vut tlioro
'b nolhing particularly mysterious
ibout- It. llio Socialist knows wliat
•nnst. happen, and' is no moro olntod
it hnivlng his prodlctlon fulfilled than
'.. •...•■> (->•.«)ouuiuuf.-tiiui *«vofKh oni Uie
ttmo of'n solar ocllpso or llio rolurn
of Halleys comot.
1'ygmy statesmen'of tho typo o. Ito-
presonlntlvo Stanloy and Senator dim-
nilns.  who linbblo fatuously of tbo
noce**\tyl1 ot '• "roslorfiiff rompetltlori"
will now lmvo to como to nn ngroe*-
m»*nl with iholr Intollnctiidl pecrj-If
' such can bo found —In the legislative
bodios of Germany, England, . runco,
,(Belgium, Austria, Spain nnd Canada
t on tho quwtlon of .estorlng' competl-
-1 tion.   Tbey will have to forai a soil bt
llnturnaflonal pollflea) irnnl h combn
Stanley Str, -  Nelson
Hotel Irti City; .nicely furnished
rooms with • Bath.     Beds,. 50c."
each, meals, 35c.,      -        '"'
, > , -.     , i'. - . \.
A Union House
Prop., J. S: BARRATT
the International Steel Trust, if such
a thing is possible,' which it isn't, as
Europe- doesn't select such economic
imbeciles' as representatives In her no>
tlonal assemblies. The * trust' busting
statesman is .peculiarly an American
production. Nor aro there. uny.BU-
preme courts In European countries of
tho obsolete .and ridiculously "pretentious typo which exists on this side.
European legislation, whatever olso les
defects may, bo, has .long slnco ab'an.
doned tho conceptions,whicli still cling
to our nntlquntod political institutions.
When Judgo Gary suggested government control bf tho trust wo described hlm as n 'state Socialist" tn this
Journal, nnd ono or'two of our contemporaries could find nothing moro
to* say In way.of comment that that
wo'Should hall him ns a "Comrade!'
and welcome him to the Socialist fold.
Whon hccroBSod tho Atlantic to pro*
sldo at tho Brussels convention, of
-tho European stool Intorosts wo know
ho was about to qualify as an "International stato Socialist," and said bo iit
tho timo. ; But wo uro ln no hurry to
admit/him to membership as yet. Ilo
has still much Important work tb ilo
boforo thnt bocomos necessary, and wo
havo no doslro to Intorfore with lt.
Tlio Judgo and mastor, Morgan, aro of
Infinitely moro sorvlco to our cause
as thoy are than If thoy carried a
rod card and mounted a soup-box on
a stroot cornor ovory night to expound
Socialism. Wo nan do all tho ox*
pounding iioccHHiiry, whilo thoy pro*
puro tho- cnpllallttt ifyntom for lho
flnnl chango to collective ownership.
Tlmt Ib( tliolr Bpoclnllty, nnd ours \n
oxplalnlng why thoy do It ond why
llioy must do It. ,• Within a yoar thoir
International Stool Trust will bo*an
indisputable 'fact, and thoy can thon
turn thoir attention to lho other trustR
for international orgnnlsntloiwili*o. and
finally for tho organization of tho great
World Trust, which ls Ju«t ob suroly
Aftor thai ihey can tuko a rem., ll
will bo our move thon.     ,
AV tho IfUil -rc-gnliir mooting ot Local
431. Ilollovuo, ft resolution wns vuianl>
moubly cnrrlod thnt Arthur Amos bo
expelled from tho organisation for ro;
fusing to cease -jgorklng for tho com
pany whon ordered to do so by the
toon!.'- AU the1 other union mon, nnd
lot It,bo Mid to thoir, credit, somo
/hrco .or four non-union men, came out
at our bidding, which, goes to show
that the man who piys bis dues tt
not always made of aa good a stuff as
tbe fellow who does not, that Is at
timet like the preseat.'
,     .IATiIM[JMntKrl, ncr
« .'.'k    1
Large Airy Rooms J&
^-^Gopd-Board , ,:
, X
Fernie-Fort Steele
"" .   t , -r   ■*■*■*,   •> *
Brewing Co., Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specially
P. Carosella
„ i' * '■ * **,- ■ .-■ i .*■
Wholesale Liquor Dealer,
ouijlm. imm <meMmmmmmatmmmi
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Nowhere In, the Pass can be
found In such n display of
,   We have the best money
can buy of. tjcef., Pork, Mut*
lor., Vtj),. Ptr'uUiy, Duller,
Eoqs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon''Lard, Sausages,
Welnen and Snuer Kraut.   '
,  ' PHONE 6.   CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
,   Phont 66
electric Restorer for Men
E!i2_!JS____!!_l^lf^^W ESS^LV^SS^
r. l-vwi
iKd tl <
vim sad viullir, l-Vmuntt d-Kty end all Mintj
wukncu aviilod tl Met.   VlMMphoaol will
For _9rde at .Bf«i»**nif|'-j. Oruij 8loro.
■I     <■
* W»***--t_*_*S-^^ I. y
'wT£*>^w™*MB*^^t**B^*^flrti^*w»-w*^V'**"<'l"*Vv*- *L C ?*•.-'
(-■* _, .nt<^_,- y?i-/"i'pii$^yg-jppi-,'%-y^; I-*1-.
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..--*'*••■'-,'■ --- .'_■;'-   _*;. V, ■>,•*, ,!■ - "•''.!■-. ,';J J-)., y   .7." •?/;'*• *-'*."'■-■*"■;•:...- ,„
■*'.    -^      ,    \, J'y 1~> ---'''"''}'iy-i-.'..'- i"!. '!K*i-J **-^j" &-)'- ._  .** 77 '_ '-"**_. ..'. .'...' ..-.   *.".   • ,*
:•":■:*;*7;y ^ifr^^^."^
;•' OTrAWA,'iOntf;*Julyi)23.^-Hon. Mac*
* kenzie'Kihs has-sent'to. W, a'Powell
* of .the, executlye board,-District***■8,
United- Mine Workers' of,' America,
"Fernie, B.-.C.,, the foliowlng7telegra'm:
. ' "Replying to wire of July 21 -from
the executive board,-, District 18, JJnlt-
,.    i       .    -,       .. ,i *.. - *
ed Mine Workers of America, respecting the reports'of the discussion" on
the Industrial situation in the Western
' coal fields in'the house,of commons
.on", Wednesday last, would , say the
,  board-s quite*right in, understanding
•vthat .he statements made,'by-nie with
,. -      - '.-''-.-»     v   *. *    -•• -*-*
"reference to,the cause of,the dispute
* ,'were based upon opinions embodied in
Tth-e report of, the board appointed "to
investigate the' dispute, J Perhaps I
, should point out that the.board"report
■   does not appear to .pass any special re-
- flection upon' the miners in this .connection. but\ simply * emphasizes   the
'..'importance of both parties to.present
u . the ..dispute- friendly coming' out" into
.'■.the open in regard to Jt sprinciples' of
* ..he open or closed shop', -"It may be
that' from the point -of view of the
.miners the question as is.mentioned in
- -'your telegram is one'malnly of.wages.
,7,On .the other hand it,may he'that the
mine operators-.are of a different opinr
lon,'and that they are. not fully' aware
of the extent'to which the..union'is
.   prepared to concede, the principle "of
open shop, 'or have not been' made
"wholly apparent of the extent to which
■ they >re'prepared-to^'concede the de-
fgree'of recognition asked*4for.     Inas-
,-much as '. the, report of the board'repeatedly emphasizes that a'".definite
". "understanding upon this point, would
• -.effectually reverse*the inability of'the
'parties to,negotiate";ln an agreement,
■might" I invite .consideration of. the
,' ^miners and operators alikel'to'a siig-
. gestion I have made in reply to a cpm-
-. munication informing me of; a meeting
lag "of representatives of the' boards'
of trade, an effort be made to establish
the accuracy,of the; opinion-expressed
by :_he"conciliation board, to'which
exception has. been taken, by having
both parties'state frankly and openly
their, position on.this question, In accordance with the suggestion made by
this board?"     -     '     ;. '-
. Mayor Mitchell, of Calgary, Is. here
to support the request of Calgary >pet>
'pie that the duty on coal be removed
in order to allow the' West "to get a
supply. ' Any such action. It,is pointed
out, , would *-. require parliamentary
sanction,* .the government "not. having
the power-to remove duties except.in
cases where a "combine isvshown to
exist.   .'"".'      *   ' - • -       *_.
'v Tin vention, may, re'noer -. ' ,
>'•."*. ; '" -.    . .    -.-•   '; c,   - "
" *v?--,;*y.
'   " J;}.. (  S~LOGAN OF MINERS
*... ,_.-.'. _*vj-.        *-    * :, *
Frank  J.   Hayes. Strikes  Keynote ,of
i ,-'. Men's, Demands at Anthracite - *"
y-J-           Convention
'**    .   7      '"'          .-       '    -   \ .
] or~represenTauvesT'6rTseverai
1 of: trade, to be' held „at .Maeleod .;,on
: Monday, next, that an effort" be made
; at this "meeting , to, establish? theva'c**
curacy ot the opinion expressed by_the
•'-board to which exception has been taken, by having both parties state frankly'and: openly their -position on this
question?' '"On-ie'the''public ls; fully
-assured that;it is.the,.wage question,
. and the, wage question • only... which
prevents" an agreement; .6 Bhould-not
be.difficult to have a.satisfactory settlement reached.**,7'." K'1"  \'    -
.'   Mr. King,has likewise*sent a telegram to-P. A.' Dagg.-iVlc^presldent'of
-tho' Calgary Board *-of Trade, and to
'the,Fernie Board of,Trade, In which
he, after expressing rogrot that owing
to his parliamentary duties and   to
shortness bf notice,* It will bo lmpos*
slble for him to attend the meeting at
; Maeleod,' proceeds to; state, the situation as outlined in the message to Mr.
', Powell.    Mr. King,soys:  '
"Might I suggest that at tho moot-
-, WILKES-BARRE, Pa., —Y There
is-.no doubt .hat the .mine workers'
union will make, its chief.fight in'the
anthracite region next spring when the
present agreement expires, for recognition-*'of the union;,. '_". - ■),'-.*   ,'    . ,,
This was made apparent here recently, by National Vice-President Prank J.
Hayes, who came here from Indianapolis to attend the convention.   , He
said'1 after discussing', the outlook in
the region and the preparations being
made to* gain a njjmber of-concessions
for the mine workers .next'year':
,  "We do riot propose to'ask too "much
nor will we be satisfied '.with' veity
little.:   The time has come when the
anthracite coal operators must realize
and appreciate the value of tirade agree
ments. - Tne^'bitumlnbus'. mine owners
know' Its, value and'are, content.'" You
cari 'say., that'.we propose Wstand but
forvthe recognition of the union..- We
We, expect- the working .conditions of
the anthracite'mine worker to be'Improved, arid the 6nly7wayv;it ean^be
Improved is to be inslsterit,**true members ,pt. Industrial, .organisations.--^ - ■
.v"""it'>can be truthfully said; and It ls
a matter of record, that the* anthracite
,men have.responded to every call,-but
It is not the way. to fight; it.'ls not'the
way. the majority of ..battles are won.
The majority .who .have fallen away
froni the ranks have not destroyed
the organization, nor have they, Impaired Its ".usefulness, yet .the .mine
workers     should remember,, the old
adage,that they should In tlmee,t,of
peace prepare for .war.
■'"It Ib true that some havo been ne-
gllgenr,' somo who failed to pay .theii*
duos  and,  for threo years  remained
from the union meetings.     But we
forgive and wo forget.  ' Thoy will return to the. fold and will be ns cjladly
welcomed as of yoro.    But It Is a bad
practice and should bo discontinued."
7 '.'.BERLIN.—A'teacher of Nurem*J.**i«.,
ChrlstophPi'-V-'irtli,* has.giTen- to i\o
wcfl(l_an inveniiou which "may- con^fi-
\... ■ ■      - "*      _. ■'-_--?■ ,A-7
crably alter tne arpect.of^futut'e *«nr-
fare by rendering Dreadnoughts obsolete and• Kauboats*uselessi.--''4;■*"_,;-' *•** -
'The new war vessels;'*whether .or
.»*.   ..'•      - * .  ■*   •   y\-. v. " •
air,or water, will te crewless-7-a meie
machii"* of oestruction'   of, life *»»id
pro,'<eity—while tlie operator* Is* ni»les
away .conducting a battle by means., of
buttons "and leVers. >.', ',-i  ",*'r- :'■   .*" .-
The invention recently gave a prac-
tical demonstration before'a-special
c'omriilttee of the Gerriiari',Nayy League (Flottenvereln) in a Beclu'ded part
of the Wannsee^a.lake near Berlin. '
The system employed is very similar
to that used ,in, wireless telegraphy
and it Is the-latest wonder ln teledy-
riamlcs..     '     '     . u ,
fThe first experiments took place ln
a building where-^the inventor, went
into a room surrounded by thick walls
arid.'passedhis electric waves1 through
tbe wall, -exploding miniature mines
ori the other ,side in the order selected
by his' visitors.'- He also fired off a
revolver and started and stopped an
electric' motor arid a steam-engine by
the same' means. . , ,
. On the lake' he worked a specially
made'boat from the, _and, steering it
in all directions without visible connections,- fired off guns which were'ori'
board,* arid exploded sunken and floating mines in the water.   "
The unmanned motor boat was then
steered-through a" labyrinth of small
boats,";the gear was' reversed and soon
returned to her original position. Ben
gal-lights and fireworks were also ignited by wireless' waves and only in
the,,order desired. ," ' ■
,'.The, wave, currents were transmitted and .received through antennae in
a.;.very-similar.manner to that used
In connection with receivers and transmitters, in .wireless, telegraphy; each
transmitter must be''attuned' to the
receiver' before the "• current operates:
-The inventor has also applied his
apparatus to ballons and flying machines," an aeroplane with electric motor-can be steered''from'land'in all
directions and can be made to drop
bombs.when required. What is not
explained is what would happen if an
oppqsing\electrlc' wave'* could' be got
lntb.tiirie and were.directed-in an1"opposite direction, but',probably "a premature "explosion'would occiif/7 -
*_ -• .     ,, :-'. - •*•*■■      7   7'
The Struggle Between
lhe Old anil'The ;
New School
; It has "been the .opinion of-many of
the ablest political economists.for' over
jl,century that what Is technically; called standard of life or standard of comfort, determines the\wages of labor.
This mean's that laborers have ari
habitual standard of life, a; certain
style bf life and' that what they, receive
as.'wages enables them on the average
just to keep up this .standard, but to
do no iriore. They aro able to occupy
such sort of dwelling,, or wear such
clothes, to eat, such food, and generally'to'do such things as this standard
requlreo, but nb more. . . , There is
so overwhelming an array of facts,
gathered from widely separated countries. ' and from periods so dUtant
from one .another, which confirm this
conclusion that it is difficult to resist
It."—Professor Richard T. Ely. Uii.
.vorsity of Wisconsin, "Political Economy," pago 221.'
There's Joy
in Journeying
when you go cast on a vacation. Mingled in your mind with
thc regrets at parting from home, ia thc expectation of new nnd
beautiful sights to sec, thc joys of the return and thc many things
to relate tb those who remained behind. Take the
Oriental Limited
to St. Paul, Minneapolis, Chicago and East. There's so much to
tell about when you go that way—the special train comfort**—
spotless new. va.uum.i cleaned cars, telephone connection from
compartment cars, daily telegraphic news bulletins, free afternoon tea, served m the compartmenirobservation car.
afou travel the banks of the Kootenai and Flathead and skirt tho rim of
acier Nations! Park ai the tun Is setting—you tall down the Great laicea
to the great cities of the Bait When yo« return, youll know the glory of
your home land. CSped&l round-trip fares Bast on certain dates. Get our
fold-sr. "Eastern Trips for Western People."*  Call on or nddn.*
J. S. THOMPSON* Agent, Fernie, B. C.
Phone No. 61     P. O. Box 305
The historic,Mid-Rhondda striko has
now lasted eight months, and' during
that period the financial loss to the
local community has been enormous,
and acute and agonizing miseries have
been borne-by the strikers aad tlieir
families. .Effort after effort has} been
made to terminate this bitter struggle
The-- Board of Trade has .inton ened
and'has throwri.in the weight of its
influence to secure a settlement; conference after conference has been held
but all in vain. • At. last, however, the
prospects seemed to brighten, and a
ray of light was, apparently thrown
upon this dark scene. The recent conference of four representatives of the
Coalowners' Association and an equal
number "of representatives of the Miners'-Federation met in London, and, at
last- arrived at a settlement .which
they, recommended to the various parties'involved in the dispute. It'was
agreed, the colliers'should be paid-2s.
ll-3d.' per ton for cutting the'disputed
Vein"; that ari assurance be given of a
fair day's wage for a.fair day's work;
and low wages toL be supplemented by
allowances,' as is customary throughout' the coalfield. ' Another clause
reads as foHows: "Differences as to
whether any particular man shall be
receiving sufficient allowances' to be
determined by six members of the Conciliation Board—three from each side
—and in the event of these falling to
agree, the independent chairman to
give his casting vote.'.' Such were the
salient terms,of the'agreement.
The Press hailed'the settlement with
delight,' and. so = did the commerelel
community.' -'In agreement with them
were,the older"school of trade union
leaders--those that.still believe in the
efficacy of sectional strikes. Although
they did. not regard the' settlement as
e«_f 1 of q/>ty\ _-"• fhAV.-nrm __•».. _._■»__ __+!.__+ a
principle had been won which they had
long,-fought*,for/a principle of .vital
importance,/the "application of" which
would practically settle - the,, thorny
question- of iho. abnormal place_-the
principle  of  the  introduction  of an
umpire ln case.of dispute in the Bute
vein'at the Ely Pit of the Cambrian
Trust. ', But the "new school"—the
school-which recognises'the futility of
sectional strikes, and which advocates
national action—manifested bitter and
determined opposition- to the  terms,
arid at the executive ^meeting   there
was a prolonged and acrimonious' debate.' The execut'lve oven declined to
undertake the responsibility of accepting tlie terms, and proferroJ to call n
special conference of the South Wales
Federation to decide the riiatter,. Eleven , members decided to advise tho
conference to accept the terms; seven
voted against; and the four Rhondda
representatives decldod to take no part
in the voting, and loft' the room in a
body. * Tho strikers themselves declined'to accopt tho agroomont, and declared that thoy would fight to tho bitter
end, evon If striko pay wero withdrawn,
And to'crown all, tho agroementt has
boon unanimously rojocted by tho special  conforonco  of tho  South  Wales
Federation,     Why?   'Bocauso    tho
Welsh miners think that thoso guarantees are valueless, Assurances are glvon to pay what Is cuBtomary In South
Wales; and what Is customary Is for
tho manager to docldo' what shall bo
paid In an abnormal place,     Such a
state of affairs has boon tho cnuso of
tho great dissatisfaction In tho conl-
fields.    Tho agroomont simply maintains tho status quo, and to nsk tho
Indopondont chairman   to   docldo   Is
practically to Invito him to allow tho
prosonl 'ovll conditions to bo porpotuat-
od.    In tho words of Mr. Draco, M.P.,
tho brilliant londor of tlio old school,
'Thoro wns no.quostion but thntotho
assurances glvon woro vaguo and devoid of finality, and lho rosult was that
thoy woro now In tho samo position
ai\at tho stari." >
In vlow of tho rcjoctlon of thin settlement, what Is tho policy of tho now
school? To financially support tho
strikers until tho conforenco on tho abnormal placo question to bo held In
London In Juno, and to obtain, It possible, a unanimous mandate for the application of tho 20th rulo—vl*,, general
stoppage or nil coliienps of Groat Uru-
tin, In ut\2«(- lo oblulu & uilulmuia
wage of 8_ per day for skilled and Ci.
per day for unskilled workers. This
Is tho only way, tho now school con
tend the abnormal places question can
bu  »tolt_*i.       feX.A.ui__.-*>  ixi*   t,  UtOUt_ it
tho point of vlow of tho old school, and
Its futility undor prosont economic conditions will bo rcallzod. Thoy say:
Draw tbo men out at tho collieriM
where dispute* exist, and tb. consequent, financial loss to tho employers
will cause them to completely or partially ennredtx our demands, A nslv/i
conception, Indeed I The last fow
yearn have witnessed a revolutionary
chenn. In tbe employer*' orgtnlta
tion. To-day thoy posses* an orjanl*
tation Infinitely stronger   financially
have/heen able to pay the same.dividends when their collieries were, idle
as.when working, as;a result of the
subsidies received from -the Coalowi-
ers' Association. The miner is* re-
coirimended to , fight these powerful
concerns7ojo a mere pittance of 10s.
per week, which is just as reasonable
as for a nation armed with bows and
arrows to fight against another nation
with the'* most* up-to-date appliances
of warfare. The new school asserts
tbat the miners must adapt themselves
to the new; conditions. The power
of the miners does not rest on finance,
but on the fact that they belong to
one of the vital industries of the coun-
try-**-on* the fact that a cessation of
work by all miners means misery and
starvation riot only to the men on
strike, but to the whole community.
That power the; South Wales. miners,
now intend to demonstrate, and unless
the just demand of the miner is'conceded. Britain is \threatened with a
crisis the like of which lt has never
before experienced and , which will
shake,the commerce and,prosperity of
this country to their very foundations.
—J. LEWIS REES, South Wales Miners' Federation, In "Reynolds'."
Advice for the Tenderfoot.
than the Federation, aa eloquently testified by the fact that tho Pbwell rhif-l the hours pay that might,
fryn Compnny and the Cambrian Trust'lmvo heen due to him.
With the return of spring the young
men go forth in their thousands to
promised lands, places where they may
shed their high collars and not be. expected to carry round the cake-stand;
places where the manners are based
oh* life, and not, as one might say, on
antimacasars; lands where season-tickets are not. and where stage-coach
schedules are apt to be dislocated byr
nature, or, as the companies' bills 'say,
by" th'e act' of God. '        '
"Many, fathers, at that season, will
snort and look over their eyeglasses1
with the gaze of 'Well, if you "must you
must,o and' the devil go with you—I
"mean my blessing,", because it is the
merry month of May and the ice is
breaking in the St. Lawrence. Motli-
ers'will look pathetically old, and their
eys will be full of sorrow. Brothers
who ha's "succeeded", at home will banter. ' Sisters wlil.hint that the scrape-
grace must, Inevitably fall there, as
here;.or. if„that,seems stingless, suggest,^, not directly reiriark, that men
have all the "fun of life, can travel
and.'see the.world! -. '
.The fun of, life.' . ,-   ■•
-.1 knewJa- man not unacquainted with
the works of' Shelly who labored'on
trie oro-duriip of the Silver King Mine
above*- Nelson, Kootenay. \,"I- have
__ayeT4!ior■ the skyjpj.all__pn_me_.__he_
told' me." '; "Oh! . - The-sun on the
back of,your neck—and the everlastr
Ing breaking down of that ore! From
breakfast to noon! from one o'clock
to supper-time! 'Sweat and sun! I
used to pray for the* sky, to fal}!".' He
was over, six _eet in height, but perhaps too slack.' I knew a boy on a
farm-ihjManitbba who went up to his
mattress'in the loft'on hands and
knees every night'during the harvest
time, so worn out was he with the
work _      , '
■  For   the   youngster whose people
want to, m.iike a man of him Western
Canada Is not a good place.    For the
youngster who wants to get away from
people who.do not want him to be a
man' Western Canada is a magnificent
place.   , The former will find that ho
can nfaiie a moss of himself excellent
well lit almost any of the 'little towns,
and will bb marked down by those
whom hls'rohilttanco, in the ordor of
things, ls destined to support. -. The
latter will not stay long in a town, It
It bo oven, one of no moro than 2,000
inhabitants. Ho will tako the first job
ho discovers, and that will In all probability bo a railway job. as tho railway seoms tho only thing in tho country to tho now arrival.     Perhaps he
will work In a section-gnng for a pay
of six or olght shillings a day.   Ho
will pump to and fro on tho, railway"
track with his troo follows, affixing
fish plates, hammering homo now spikes, tamping llos that   havo   sagged
down.     Or ho may go up Into tho
sawmills or tho lumber camps In the
mountain'!, and loam with bitterness
In his honrt and splinters and rosin lu
his throbbing hands, tho dlfforonco botwoon spruce nnd cedar, botwoon cant-
hook nnd iioovlo;'nlKO that whon ho
handles a cant-hook at 0110 ond of a
log, wllh another man nt tho othor
ond, If thoy do not Jerk forward lho
long hnndlos In unison somebody In go*
Ing to havo Ills collar-hono Jarred. Or
ho may go teaming and find how difficult It Is to guldo a hoavy wagon Hnfo-
ly round lho curves of wagon roadH
that Bhow ruts a foot doop Iri enkod
mud,    Ho may. loso a wheel nnd his
lond down a gulch—and his job, nnd
his confldonco.
Common ndvlco for tho Tenderfoot
Ih: "Tncklo tho first Job'Ihat comos
along." Ho will find that nlmont
everywhere tho question la, "Wnnt n
job? Utd he ever ao this before?
\x'l„'.i*:!ix>iii ttilhlu u moulU Lhti T<r.i,]iT-
foot discards tho Influence of tho WabIi
Ington myth. He says, "Yes" every
tlmo. I once knew a man who had
boon a sailor and took'a Job as "en-
KUiuxtf" uf - niAMut __'__*_'ivi.      Ku h*m
ho was accustomed to engines. He
had tended a donkoy-enitlne sometimes
whon loading or unloading cargo. By
good luck, and a little care, and some
stiff thinking he managed to prevent
tho boiler blowlnjr up. Ilut another
man, of whom I had a glimpse and
henrd lhe latlfthlnft Recount nf Inter
(for tho West appreciates tbo humor
of such occurrence!, after It baa uaed
language over him, tackled a Job aa
"engineer" of a pump, thinking, doubtless that he rould 'puttie It out." In
tho rosult he did not wait to claim
, Joint Accounts opened in ths names of two
. ormore persons, each having the right to withdraw   or deposit money over their individual
name. 'In case of the demise of one of the par-
; ties to a Joint Account the amount remaining
' to the credit of the account in the Home Bank
■• ' ■ *  " 1 *•"
may be^ withdrawn by the* others "without recourse to any process of law, or legal formality.
Head Office, Toronto
Branches and connections throughout Canada
JOHN ADAIR, Manager* Fernie
The Bank of Hamilton has ' made
saving simple—by' elimlnatln gall unnecessary Bank formality."
"An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small ■
an amount will act as an incentive to
steady saving and' will quickly grow-
to a sum, worth while.
Head Office:
'   .   r-     ■* dT^a^e w^ ^e announced
7    , *   t| later—so watch for it..
Visiting the entire district
See before you buy. Wr^te
me for full particulars.
Dig* in the ground for -a
liyelihood, you'll be under
soon enough! Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a competence
for old age.  j
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared\ BurtQii,
City, well located and-water
'      "!-..' '   1'IV,'     "J ,',*.■
Joe Grafton
Be    C
Tho AVIld Wost Is very different
from handing round tho oako-stand.
Tho world'along tho Saskatchewan
and Fraser rivers Is a New World with
a vongeaiico for tho towimniuu, It
makes tho youth who can stand it both
Independent and sociable It would
bo a good thing for England If overy
young man (whothor ho Intondod' to
nottlo or not), took a year or two years
011 tho far odgo of tho Now World,
toward*! tlio aurora and tho ullent
placca—without a remlttanco. No
would como back (If he cIioho to como
bai-it Liiuii; wuli t*. (ur oi'ii-jc t-iuw ui
life Ihiin hv hud ul aolnu lorlh, a ilnvi]
view of ovon bluo china and Whlstlor
otchlnga.—-Frederick Nlvena, a former
realdent. of Fornio, In tho I.ondon Star,
A dispatch from Fernio publlabed Vn
another column, fully bean out the
contention of Tho Albertan, In an editorial In' ThurHday'a edition, that tho
oaay way to nettle the minera' atrlhe
Is to grant the men the Increaaed
wagea aaked -for. Tho minera are
quite willing, aa itatod by The AJber-
tan, to foreto tbo other queatlona and
allow a aettlement of them to bo adjusted ae opportunity affords by mutual arrangement. The quoatlon with
tho miner Ia the receiving of an cqul*
valent for labor given to keep hia fnml*
ly In tho ordinary hccoshIHph of life.
Tho miner Ih hut. an onllnnry human
bolng, Ho workfi hnrd, riina grent
rlHkH nnd nil ho iihUh Is for fair roniu-*
norallon. Tlio opurutoiH can nottlu
tho 'llnpiKo In leas thnu, tou in I nil Ken.
All thnt Ih necpHHnry lii thnt llioy grant
Dw men iho IncroiiHo In wagon nxkml
nnd tin- hum of indiiHtry will redound
again In tho conl flold.
Au Tho Alliertnn pointed out on
Thursday, f.ho public will havo to pay
lho piper, No ono expocts tho opor*
ntnrs fo nnv it Tho minor*** «nv .-".it
or ten contH a ton wilt cover all do*
manila. Tho oxtra tax on tho publio
should not excoed 25 conta a ton. Tho
minora havo now put It up to tho operators. It Isn't n cnao whero tho
govornment or anv one elm**, ran Interfere H'h a straight case of omployer
and employee. Do tho operator* wish
tho minora to ronumo work? Qrant
tho Increase requested and tho troublo
In ended.—Tlie Albertan,
Hold with a positive guarantee, At
all denlero, 25 conta por box, or Tho
. IK I'lil Co., St. Thomas. Out.
. •'»",■* 7-*.-.>»*-':w7\v. 7.-."'-.,*:-;7,-*''-w. ,-■* .>.,V.--*k-'i' ■^yr-'r^rry.-yrS-'f, .ry^y v-v^f
■^  _.   -._.  _.•,. -    "- -. ... -   *Sl     __t -5 , "*     " " -**■■># _._ ■ *.       u-  ___ .;T'J*-   _ V   ,    _. —*. •*-**■.,       rf 7. ,   •_   _ < "     . ■,
.''""---•' '    - '•'""'   ;-'     -'-7--',':.V./■':'"" r '-'"' •'- .'.7 7 '77 "■'-'■ :':'.^:'7'''"' '7   ""-•'
Published every.* Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie^ B\jG. Subscription $1.00
per .year, in advanced; An excellent advertising
medium. *. Largest circulation in the District. Ad-,
vertising rates on. application. Up-to-date facilities
v _ -■*   "* .i   *    ,*
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. -Mail orders receive special attention.
Address,* all communications to The District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48.
■* J...W, BENNETT,. Edjtor.,
Postoffice Box No, 380
IT* pLLO'WING is the expression of their views
*   on this subject:     .
"The board cannot bnt express its profound regret that it could not discover^indications in any
mine of an earnest attempt on the part of either
of a company or of a local union to promote social,
moral and intellectual well being of the workers in
mines. Earnest and intelligent co-operation here
would surely be productive of best results."   " ,. "»•
The above* paragraph is an extract from the majority report'of the Board of Conciliation, and if it
may be taken as> a criterion of the* thoroughness
(sic) of the investigation does not speak very loudly for the analytic faculties displayed ".by either
Dr. Gordon or Colin 'Maeleod, moreover' such er-
oneous ^ statements call for an" ample' apology
from'those claiming to be just and upright men',
when the proofs thereof,are made manifest. This
^we propose doing and'await results.   ■    J
At Coal Creek there is a.club room, library-and
recreation'hall under the auspice.'of the Coal Creek
Literary and Athletic Association, officered by sub-
officials of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. and, other
employees. -From time to time concerts are givei^
by local talent and outside artistes are also:engaged.
There are winter classes of'the St.'^John's-Ambu-
lance Association held in the meeting hall 'arid lec-
tures |are delivered by Drs. Corsan and .Workman
and others. - First Aid teams vie with-.each other
for supremacy. Demonstrations■ of.the■ Draeger
apparatus by those members of .he .'St. -;John>
Ambulance, Association who have had instructions
;in the use* of-life saving apparatuses Jf or..rescue
work below ground.-  As a further illustration-'of
the'zeal evinced-may ^mention thlt several of the
young men have utilized; their holidays' it" their own
-; expense,to .make specia^ trips-to, Seattle, the Pacific.
/Coast headquarters of/the Draeger" Company:      ;
'-.. , Both the miners and tlie company co-operate in
this important work' connected witlf the coal industry.*      ' ■"•*,'      ^ '       °
At Fernie there isna co-operative store entirely
•-under the control of, the mineworkers with the
1 avowed object of promoting tlio material and social
well-being bf its.members. The Grand Theatre
is owned and under the control of the miners. In
. tho same building tliere is a clubroom, billiard hall,
a library well-stocked with literature of a general
character as well as dealing with the theoretical
ivork«of the coal mining industry and cb-rclated
At Ilosmor the Hosmer Mines Company afford
their employees ovory opportunity for increasing
their store of knowledge upon rescuo work, autl -ri
Govornmont car is kept in readiness to proceed on
the shortest notice to the scene of "any disaster that
mny occur. Qualified men with tho nocessary
equipment are on hand to accompany the car on its
mission as was tho caso on that ^ll-faled 9th. of
December when 31 mon lost thoir lives at tha Bellevuo disaster whore Fred Alderson,,of.Hosmer. and
ono of tlie rescuo party, gave up his lifo whilo, attempting to savo somo of tho stricken ones.- What
grander proof of moral worth can be furnished
than this that ho gavo up his own lifo for another 1
Wlioro wero thoso high ideals taught 7 Among his
comrades, tlio hazardous nature of whoso calling
broods MEN who whilo the may possess tho rough
oxterior show, whon emergencies arise that thoy
aro capable of an abnegation which is tlio greater
bocauso void of any sclf-consciousnoss.
-. At Michel there are ambulance- classes,-Draeger
apparatuses and the local physicians; school the
miners in first aid work.. Both.men and employers
cb-pperate in-the (laudable work: '•.;- Incidentally.- it
may-be mentioned* that last; year .-when-certificates
;bf proficiency were awarded tlMre'were'vthree residents, of that camp and recent additions to the,St.
John's Ambulance" classes who -had been;awarded
the King's medals for conspicuous*braveryiin.connection with the"'rescue work .at'the Wellington
'(Whitehaven) .Colliery*disaster. . Proof7of 7their
modesty is,clearly demonstrate'd .by ihe fact that
it had been difficult to ascertain their whereabouts
., < .-     -.- -■ - , .- ,.
and none-were j more surprised'than'these."  mt/h"
when   they, received   notification   that they had
been1 singled out, as they said: "We only did what
the other chaps would have done for us!" ;   J -,*  _
' At Coleman the miners' local organization owns
the opera house, maintains the* hospital,^operates its
own co-operative store,"they, also,have a reading
room' where current literature in-botjh English and
foreign tongues'is on hand.
At. Bellevue-the Finnish members, who are quite
an important factor of the local union, own the best
hall iu thc camp where they have an excellent library dealing principally with „ economic subjects
both in their language and in English.      ,   -    '
At Hillcrest the miners have recently built a new
hall costing about $8,000,' which will contain a library and reading room and also be equipped with
all kinds.of gymnastic paraphernalia. ,.' This will
be formally opened about August 9th.
At" Passburg.'plans are completed for. the construction of a hall, and it,is the intention of the
miners to run their own co-operative, store.   r*    ',
At Lethbridge there is a hall and the miners help
to support a library. ,   ' ."■'•'
* At Canmore there us a hospital. '  At Bankhead
"company, pnd in'tn co-operate in the, upkeep of an
excellent library and reading room.
Diamond City, a hall. Taber, a-hall and'reading
room. ■:>,,.,,   ->
In addition to the above there are football clubs,
baseball clubs, anglers associations, rifle clubs, ail
kept up by the miners. * Then there are choral societies,! economic leagues and other similar organisations. ° ;; ' ■
In most places the.mineworkers are the majority
of the members in the fraternal organizations and
-practically- every camp has ■ its , Socialist Local
where lectures are delivered, debates indulged in,
anil there is a stock" of appropriate literature avail-
able.b.oth for use and sale." y -
■ We.-.think, we have stated our case sufficiently
well to disprove the aspersions.''cast upon the mine-
workers by Messrs. Gordon and Maeleod*whose report bears earmarks similar tb that of the experience-of a young Dutchman' travelling in England
who.on several occasions noticed in the railway.
cars* Old women indulging in the pleasures of smnk-
ing clay pipes; therefore made'a note in. his diary
■as follows: "The women of England who have passed a certain.age are great smokers."   , •
As an additional evidence*' of 'tlle 'desire' to improve themselves'intellectually may say that there
is a greater percentage of men throughout the affected area taking correspondence courses than in
any other part of this continent; furhermore that
the bulk of the1 men holding manager's certificates
of proficiency as well as those of pitboss and fire
bos have obtained their technical and theoretical
knowledge through this method of instruction.
• While it does not includo those working out here,
nevertheless it is of interest to note'that rccntly
Oxford (England) University offered a diploma for
Economics and,of 12 candidates from Ruskin,College, eight of them were topnotchers, and the judges
are at a. loss whom to award-tho diploma to because
of the closeness of tho marks obtained', the other
four wore highly commended for their meritorious
work. • Tho majority of tho ^12 "wero miners and
the remainder artizans iri other crafts.
Although these adjuncts of working class corii-
munitics aro highly desirable in themselves thoy
lire not going.to sottlo the vexatious problems that
confront prsont day socioty, becauso woro it, so
Germany, would bo tho El Dorado of tho worker
instead of,' which it may bo regarded as tho most
advanced typo of, bureaucratism,    >
• We fool confident that wo have furnished suffi-
ciont ovidoneo to substantiate our caso, and as tho
lawyers state, will hero rost it, leaving it for i)r.
C. W. Gordon and Mr. Colin Maeleod either, by
acknowledging that thoy havo '.unintentionally
wronged a number of mon by their loose assertions,
or olso stand convicted of a mischievous misrepresentation at least in fact, ovon though not by intent.
"' , (Continued from page 1) .-■ -,'
earnings.of the men from- ten per
cent."     - .-'--*•
These figures'given in the majority
report .while quite correct so far.as
the average for 1911 Is affected shd'uld
be-In the case-of' Michel *' $3.88' for
i?io.)      '  *      ,   y     .-*..,,.
Yet In spite of this statement not
only do his findings advocate-no increase but do in reality mean a very
sensible reduction-tq.many men working in* the following mines where there
are no differentials: Coal Cree_, Michel, Cafbondalej, Corbin,'Coleman, Pass
burg, Burmis, Maple" I^eaf, .Frank and
Hosmer in which properties there are
employed approximately . 3,000 . of
whom some ,1,800 are" on contract work
out. of-.this latter number, 50 per cent
at least-would,s'uffer;'redactions averaging from 10" per cent to 14 per cent,
according to the' mining 'rate paid,
which'would average from. 50 to 62%
cents,per,ton..-: \,
Ten, 8, 5, 7:do not vary very much
so. far as'they'go as units .and it'is
with this uppermost in the mind of
the layman tliat causes hjm to consider that as-10.per cent, 8 per cent,
•mil 5 per cent^-.irethe Increase, 7 as
the factor' used on the reducing, sido
is a small figure,* but while in the" "one
case it is "percentage, with-the 7 It'is
7 cents a, ton th°at Chairman Gordon
suggests "as. a-'reduction to those who
do the most "skilled work, viz.,.,the
pillar-men; and Colin Maeleod suggest- low'a petition ' foi
ed 12 cents:" so that" on the hand It .-'mother to circulate
would mean approximately 13 per cent
and on the other 20 per cent reduction.
■ The outsider may'remark that if this
contention be .correct then why did the
operators' ,:not: accept Chairman * Gordon's'1 proposals-right away? This vis
very easily explained: , * Th_e__m_e"mb.er_3.
composing" the board   are   intelligent
sity of avoiding, these struggles, just
so - long as attempts are made to Improve effects, while" ostrich-like avoiding, the' root cause,* not ,only must
these anarchic conditions prevail, but
continue "with varying-, intensity and
duration.' ■**' These controversies are
but pages from the book of industrial
evolution, and as the French proverb
says, .'.'We miist,speak badly in order
to speak well," so must the-* great hu-
man'family tread the winding", ad devious pathways of commercialism trying to avoid the snags and snares that
beset them "on every side before the
menta^revolution ls.effected, and they
realize* the soundness, of the truism
that that which' Is coilectively a nee
esslty, must be collectively,, owned—
not as at .present owned and controlled by the privileged-few'to' the detriment and discomfort'of the balance'of
society. ';'"'■'     '".---
A bulletin on tlio crop» nnd llvo
stock of Cnnndn has boon la-quod, Tho
condition of the Held crops of Cnnadn
for the mouth oikIIhk Juno 30, as compiled In tho Conmis nnd SlntUtlcH Office from tlio rcporti* of a laruo ntnff
of corroHpoiidcntu, Ih on tlio wholo
-liilto HntlHfnctory, nlthoiiKh on nccount
of uneven rfilnfiilln It Is not uniform
for nil tlio ■>rovlnro[_, ISvon In pnrtH
of tho snmo provlnco, as In Ontario,
tlioro it tt ennubXemixXn Inonnnllty Ve?
tlio most part In that *provliiro oyp^v
lout roports are mndo, but tlioro aro
districts In which tho grains and hay
have beon bndly nffocted for want ot
rnliiH In Mny nnd .luno.
■ For 111*'1 whol**** of Cnnndn 1lio rnmll-
tion of wlntor whont Is only ?."».sc por
cont ne comparod with 100 for a full
crop. This In ten per cent loss than
Inst year, two por cent loss than lit
1009 and nonrly 1*1 per cont Iohh than
threo years ago. In Ontario It la only
7.1 iter etna of a full crop, an cornpritad
-with 04.20 1-iHt year, 7 .GO In t000, and
KH in i*_OH. in Albertn, tho only other
province In which wlntor wheat It
largely grown, tbo condition this yetr
la 83.22 por cent, compared with 63.62
In 1010, fl5.cn In 1009, and 95 In 1908.
SprliiB wheat In nil tho provinces this
year Is ulvon tho high avorago condition of 01.78 nt tho ond of Juno, whicli
Ih better than In 1010 by 12.02 por
cent, bottor thnn 1000 by eight por
cont, and bottor than In 1008 by nearly Ifi pnr cont. Ontnrlo nnd Hritish
Columbia nro tho only provinces In
which tho conditions aro under 00,
nnd In Snnktttchownn and Manitoba
It In rlos-n on 100,
Tho nvnrnffn for bnrloy Is 03, wliich
Is six to ton por cont bottor than in
«_   ....... ..C.1
rloflo to **ir. tn D\e Movtli-woil jirnvlnpr*.
Prlnco Kdwnrd Islnnd ntid Now Urunu-
wick, nnd ovor 00 In Nova Scolln nnd
Quebec, n point below 00 In Ontario
nnd only 84 In Ttrltluh Columbia.
rintn   altnw   in   <ii»or«rvn   nt   nj It*   fr..
all provlnros, which Is hlghor than
nny year slnco 1008. nnd Is 05 or
hl(.lier In Prlnco Kdwnrd Inland, Now
Ilrunswlck, Quebec and lho Northwest
provlnrcfi, In Ontnrlo It Is clono to
00, and over 00 In Drltlnh Coliimliln.
Kyc, pens ond mixed grnina are
Klven n condition of about 00 for tho
Dominion, and are htRhor than In any
year betfnnln* with 1008. Hay and
clover and alfalfa are bolt below last
year'* condition, and pasture I* a point
higher.    In tlio Ibreo Northwest pr.
vincoB tlio condition of pasture Is ovor
Tho foaturo of Into coroala ia tho
Incronao of aroa In flnx, which Is noar
Iy 300,000 acron moro thnn Inst yenr.
Tho InrgoBt Incronso of flnx Is in Sas-
katchownn, whoro thlB crop In rocont
yoaru Iiiih grown Inlo grent favor.
Tho numbers of llvo stock do not
show much chango from last yonr, but
tlioir condition nt the ond, of Juno la
very satisfactory. Alll clnsses nro
within Iohh thnn two points of 100,
and an oxcellont uniformity Js shown
111 roil p-li nnt nil tht* xirttvieern,   '"
Turn Marks
_      0««IONi
._ , .trntn
T •Kl«•U■|l», -*■
teat,     '
'.vmaie prattle.
men,- Bkilled in diplomacy, and to have
showii too ready) San acceptance would
have been impolitic, whereas by a simulated appearancoiof lotbfulness, the
public, would .,be,,easily lead to,surmise ti that-certain .concessions had
been made consequent upon their actions. ., - Through, th© medium of the
press the public are given to understand that the.possibility of the farmers on the prairie "suffering the coming winter ls the'reason why the coal
corporations are anxious to see the
Btrike terminated.'. This' ia the veriest
tommyrot, because if. sentiment for
humanity actuated policies adopted by
corporations then they would'willing-
lyv accede to tho very reasonable demands, of those-employed In the conl
mining Industry. ' W[ith, tho corpora-
tlori as wltli the ralriework'er It Ib firstly SELF that is considered. * Tho
operators sell a commodity •— conl —
that ho wishes to got as much profit
as ho can from its disposal.. They
buy commodities among which to labor power contained within the humnn Bhell labeled "MAN," and. all of
these commodities, they will buy as
cheaply as ls posslblo.' Tlie possessors of th© commodity—labor powor—
known In the" prosont' Instiuioo as
mineworkers, wish, to keep' up their
BtandWd of'liylpjfr,' and "toA accomplish
which tlioy'fight'tof^the inoans necessary by 'domrii\'dl$p' a., higher , money
wago. Tho .rosTilt ifco-clnBlfof' In-
torostB. Tho b'hyofa of tho commodity coal must havo It!'and tlioy of course
profor to buy It n^ds low a flguro as
posBlblo, but havo It thoy must, and
so thoy solicit tho «|d of tho stato
and govornmont authorities thon aro
introduced. Try "to whip tho dovll
around tho stunip" as muoh as wo
pleiiBo, talk smoothly about tlio nocos-
We "may ^always count on reaction.
The 'hotter-; public, sympathy with 'Angelina! ,'Neapo'litano grows, the colder
will.be. the chill, which rebounds, as it
were, from it'' We fcro now told that
this .woman' is a "bad" woman, the
term' Implying ari "immoral" woman.
Therefore ,no doubt, because we are
Christians and what one writer terms
"enlightened religionists" we are,encouraged to stone her.* Up in the*Soo
where",, the" crime was' committed, ,we
are told tliat one pastor' refused to al-
the unfortunate
in his church
among his flock. I wonder what Christ
would , have" thought'" had he come' to
Sunday., "service in; that Christian
church.'/ He who,.was never hard on
sinners ,whb' was , especially gentie
with* erring ones of the same( sex as
The*rjgreat white figure which stands
at the head of our creeds "whether,* ari-
glican,-. Roman or any branch, or offshoot'of elth^rVpWha.^'when you rW
this,; the: seiltence of-jeathjon 'Anjce
Una'1 Ne'apblltatio' may'*have oeen* commuted'.'to'" life, in' a'prison. Perhaps
this "bad" woman'will have been1 given
her chance to make good. 7, Whatever
happens it wouid be more In fellowship
with the teaching -of the, gentle, and
meek man of the Cross—He who never
cast,a stono at th© unfortunate, or
cursed a thief—If His Ministers had extended a hand of brotherly charity to
this poor human motherr-bo' she "depraved" or Ignorant," "or black with
crlmo rather than shut the church.door
on her,and refuse to aid her to ftcop
the miserable dregs of life In"her body
If only In order that.ther-eby alio might
have time to save.,her soiil. We do
nol, jln an ago of hardnese and Infidelity want any exhibition of that kind
from tho ohureh. "Never had oho
more noed to extremo sympathy,; gentleness andklndlln'os's and understanding to all. Christ taught thoso th!ii(«_.
Ho did not tench hardnosB of hoart.
Pharnslcal prldo and stilted humbug.
Wo aro nono of ub so suporfln© and
holy that wo ar© beyond tho temptation and > fall.—"Kit," In tho Winnipeg
Tologram ' "   ,,
r Y, ^FmoMm&miyY
,; ty-y .'>l_.fl.-j;.*r-"■..*"-   .J "-■■'*'■-'-■' ''■"- -1" ' -.'-■   '---'•.. >• ,.^..'*"'-,--; t- '*. -'-. .■t'-."'"-^ -'{-:
ir- 75,S!B EDMUND, WALKER,; 1(3.V^_i j^fStC^PmSrfP *'  .
• >*^
^ofThe Canadiarv;Bank'of Commerce",*^U-'i>receive<'depbsite^bf''$i',andI ■-
•*■ upwards/ cii which' interest'is allowed at current rrates^TJiere; is no, JJ.J
r de!ay\io withdrawing the whole or any portionof the deposit.    Small     -.
deposits are welcobed.7**"" ;;* "■.  .. : ;'-,. •* ' VX,r7""''!'--7 :* .'7i:->'234 •'*"-. "
^'-   ■ *        ' t ,■*■   +■ - -    _.t     •" - ,'■■«-.■■* -n     r   ,ft--**"r'*'.-   •,,v   ir   1. •.    -. \ . >   <i, . _     ,    .j,     **
, Accounts may be opened in the names o^twb br;mbrefpersbnsj to;be' 'Ly
,; operated by any one. of the number or by, the survivor; i^ A joint-account 7\
of this kind saviss expense in establishing, the ^ownership* of! the''"money" ,   ,,
after death, and is especially useful when-a man1^desires to provide-for w '.{
his wife, or for others depending upon him; in' the event of his death ;v>>,
FERNIE  BRANCH 7     .7 _ 7 \ -' ., " [   _\ ^ s: DACK, ^ ™
■•*.*  iJ
"1 ■-"'*___«-_._:__-.;w ■*'•.   J'■    Y^Y^'^Y'-yy
Airtights,  Coal .Burners, Coal
or Wood BurnerSj and ^J
.";/ Wood Burners, v 7
Ranges ancl Cook Stoves
Y-i \ J. M.  AGNEVV & CO... ELKO
'    {''   '   .  '■'•l-   '   -\    '    '- {y^'ryiY'Y, '*-..  „/' 7
And  Nothing: but the Best in Fresh
; an** 'Smoked ■ Meats,    Fresh {i and     .
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry 77
'v-Etc.' Etc., go to   '■■'■' /YyY'i.y
THE 41    MARKET 60I
A mooting of tho Rod and Gun Club
will -will bo holdln tho offlco of H. W.
Herchmer, Rank of Hamilton Building'on Tuesday,' /Vugiint let at R„.n
Bvory nnglor nnd sporluman In Uio
dlBtrlot In moat cordially Invited to
lio preBont ns tho jmrpono of till? C6
therlng is to promoto Uio bi«t Inlor-
OBte of truo sport,,.
to Loan on firstxlass Biisi-
','   --'''   ,    '"   '*'  }' - ■-'"•'-   -'       . *-■'   ;---' i?'.1-V :' '. *■-."--.'
8team" Heated'.
Electric;Llflhted        ; -'■'{ [' ■ '=,    .  7- *
'."•». ; '   CENTRAtLY .LOCATED.' ■.' '
Tli^iWalcidrf Hotel
7 7FERNtEi: BCi     {{'[
First Class Accommodation for Travellers,
Hot and Cold Water  7 7 -     L, A,
Mills, Manager
G. N, Railway
Special Return
, * t
Fares to Frisco
Account lntor, Typographical,Union Aug, H-lQth
Fratornul Onlor of Eaelo'fl. A\w. 2l-2flt,l_
Return fare from Ferriie $52.45
or $o3.S0 ncooi .ling to routo—22 routes
Cliildron 6 to 12 yoars jr faro
Soiling dates Aug. 0,10,17,1ft.  Final rotn'rn Sop. 151
" ' ' —  i
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 P. O. Box 305
Special Saturday rate Fernie to Elko, 85c, food retaining. Monday
The AlarmThat GetsTm Up
Guaranteed to Keep Correct Tlmo for
Two Yean.
V and good business
stationery is advortising-
*•'       A *   V    *_ t*   V        ** «     rtj. * *l» *»*■* *>>•_•_
of tho man producing the
mattor, as tho. consideration of what will app-eal
to tho peoplo ho desires
to reach, 8tlll, you yourself will find a keen, por-
sonftl satisfaction in using
Sood papor and printing.
fiy vrtt iKow yau ample* >
a i,
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--,'By Punl<erin'o
L      ll'n.-»>*i
* 4£».4»'4»- ♦"♦ ♦.♦,^ ♦ ♦ > ♦
tT'-/ -Puring these;ijuirdays most of'the
:,, -.boys have, the. fishing^ fever'.a'nd "some
' - •■" notable-,catches have tieen. made-^'al-
.  though' it! has, heeu". necessary for" the
•   ;, dtsclples.of-.Izaik Walton,.to~; make-:a
*, .rVeary'frip,over'to the Flattiead.','- j>£
* i -Amongst those .we have seen;stavt" on
*"'. t£}s -pilgrimage are*. Nat^Evans,]. Evan
"", " Willlairisil Tom and" Mat •"Ball,. Jack
-..- Stewart^Joe: Chambers'and-others;,.
"7 *7'Xirthese fl^hertoen..,have'!,r arrived
' 7 back, except Joe Chambers," and   al-
' " , though he,ha8 fished incessantly ..we
, learn he stayed'.over for'a few" more
days as he ls determined he \yill catch
" at least oneatrout before,he quits. ' *
', ', 1% Nat Evans succeeded "lii;landing a
' twb-pounder/although'it was necessary
'  'for him to 'sitoniand smother it before
r.   '.he finally landed it'in.hls.gunny sac*;
., ''. ...Evan^;Williams''seemed/to have the
s ' best luck "of all as he had four to show
- ,\for'his outing,': which he states" he
caught bn "cow diing" and-"gray hac-
7   ;kle'' fli-jis.   ->Ie also'caught.',-a'' good
. - -size cold.\ '.,   ■:'" '*   .  ",:'.''    ; 7   ■
% • "\'J' The BaH brothers broke even,' catch*;
•"■ .'■ ing two each andithey:wereJ.,proud of
"r .'their ability. '• ''""{ .,,■ '',"•■" i'j "*'  -,
.George Luck, the big game tracker,
,7;'. and Jim;. McCulIoch, caught the'fever
*.    Friday "and. nothing could stop them
,•  [^ from' going'over although they had "ex*;.
*•> ;' perienced some, heart'tearing,setbacks
■ -• in starting/., They went over in;style,
,.y. takinga pack Horse with themi but in'
making,up their pack George Lucks,
' -" who/is &n old time packer/had forgot-
; .ten temporarily how tb tie the.dlamond
-hitch, so.iniplace he/used one'; of Vis
, '" own invention—the box hitch.' All be-
*     ing ready McCulIoch .ook charge of
the front end of\the T horse and the
procession started for the south. Unfortunately their -pack ,was not very
'   ;well balanced,"all the.grub.being pack-
'       ed' on the port side" and Jim McCul-
*..   ■ lochs, favorite; food—a 25 pound sack
of qatmeal-7-balancing the other.  In
'   . 'a few minutes pickles, kniyes'and forks
'.;       - coffee;^etc;/, was' 'strewn^all overv the
'   .township/ and* it*-was only,-with the as-
t     /-.N sistance;. of, the' onlookers" that - their
, J   "'j grubstake was" recovered.   After "three
r attempts" a' council * of/war" .was" held
,                     -,                   ,                            ^'              J • -_...-.., •      ."A  AJ A       '    I- ,
-    -      -        *  J 1L__ __._._' Aa.La.~—.I—A.A—*\. __!___-_. ___.#_,^K£.W.
*=-_Mlc_8J/-plays:Bellevue^ next'Satur:{
,'day and if they/are "Victorious will be
winners'of the" league. S^ The following;' is. the/standing': of" the!*; various
teams in the league., ,!' ' * v7 -•', '.,'•.
":.    "     "/: 'Plyd/Won'Lst'i5r_.'Pts
Coaf Creek
Bellevue ''."..
Coleman ...
Frank .7.'.
.2 s"
l"-72' .:
r, A iree^dance ,was given by. Almpnd's
Orchestra Tuesday "night in ^Crahan's
Hair and a _ larger-number, /attended.
Tlie music supplied was something "put
of the ordinary and everyone enjoyed
themselves thoroughly. Dancing commenced at 9 o'clock and wa!s kept; up
•ylll .1 a.m., when all dispersed satisfied
with the night's enjo__ient.' '. - .*. ,
*, Miss.Ruth Spruston^is on a. visit to
friends at Crow's Nest arid will Btay
over for tho "sports."    ,; 7
v Mr. Thomas Mathers left, this morning for Morley; where; he is "going; to
work under' the • supervision of Mr.
Norman Fraser,,late superintendent-of
Michel.-,-.,.(,. i .. f*»vvv. * x ■ -"'■>*. •" "
Mrs. Thos,'Jenklnson andvher daughter Lizzie,, left'Tuesday on the east-
bound passenger to spend a few. days
at; Lundbreck with friends. '"' \
V Mr. ^Rouse, of ^Coal Creek, arrived
h.ere •] Sunday night and commenced
duties Moriday morning as manager of
the Trites-Wood Company here."
...Mr. Norman. Huby, cook at the New
Michel .Sawmill Company, was In to\>m
Friday attending the "meeting of "the
r.o.o.F. v ' .    ■ - Iv. ,
•The Duke of Sparwood (Mr. - Harry
Pryor) came in Monday, for his rations. Harry is going to move as fishing is bum .down there" now.  '   '
Mr. Thomas'Yate3. arrived in from
Swift 'Current and 'reports fishing
great above the'"upper ford., Tom
brought lots of fish iri"-yith'.hlm. quite
a few going over two pounds.
Evan Jones, Michel's'angler, had-the
misfortune, tb "sprain his ankle whilst
trying to, land'a,ten pounder the other
day. ,We hope^the injured member
will soon .e all 'right,;'Evan,, so that
once more yoii will be able to whip the
streams for the speckled.beauties.
- ,A*'ba8ebair;match'';was7played on
Wednesday' betwee-n"»rNew"' /and Old
Michel and resulted" in favor of/the
Old town by a • score of '20—14. - '
Mr/'.Thbmas,. Crahan" -'"returned    to
lind'side ^
e (Rffererice
and "more gentle'horse * be procured;
/, Repairing .to the-stable they/found
, "a Bu(tab^^quad*_^pedl7i^-oId/,l<Nigger/>
a horse with a blind eye.   'Packing* all
jthe.heav^-V4?§4j{9 Jhi-1:,bllli
_ that' he wouldiibt iioticbltheJ
, and obtaining assistance In-the person
. of John Nogi, - an "onlooker, ^ho/tied
' the' Iambus/Austrlan.;tr_>t<.<-hltch.ithe
party, was . at1 last. able1'to, make a
.'start.      '" -"  :""'-   ,*77,-':*'h ./,.* ■
. We'* believe these ^gentlemen \wlll
land'a good catch, as .they, have been
< getting advice, most 'of, the .week from
. Tom' Brace, , Corbln's .expert "angler,
.who put them wlso to'the flleii that
f were 'doing tffe business and .--even
went bo far as to,try them out in their'
prosenco In tho wash-house. Torii'has
just come back' from the Flathead after, a moBt successful .trip; and his advice Is readily taken advantage of by
all tho novices herb. „   • . *,, '
.We learn-that j Ed.-Roberts, Tony
Palladlo, Nat Allen and J."Hill nro to
. tako a trip Monday to' the samo fishing grounds. ' Wo trust the boys will
havo a ploasant time as some of them
"■ havo boon working hard and have earn
ed a good reBt. ".'*\[ -7- '•)■'
, Dr.* Gladwin and "Mr. Hall, our .village schoolmaster, also roturnod from
tlie Flathead. They report fishing
only fair. ■   •        ;
James Ryan, of the* Flathead Trad"
, ing Co,, made a businoss trip along tlio
13, B. C. Friday, making stops at Cold
Springs/   Whito    Spruce, . Sulphur
Springs and other points on the road.
. James reports business" picking up.
Jack Dwyer, tho well known Bpoknno pitcher ,1s In Corbin on' a visit,
and is giving tho local boys pointers
on tho game.. i
' Jamos Ryan contemplates makr-g a
trip to Elko last Sunday to attend a
picnic along with olhor Corbin hoys,
but finally conoludod that homo tlos
woro too Btromg,
Frod Allen, our1 popular agont, is
planning to mako anothor trip to
Fernio next woolc, or as soon as tho
hoavy run of business is ovor.
Mr, n. J, Rouorts, sr., Goneral Superintendent, visited horo last Friday, and
wont ovor lho proporty,
lho diamond drill Is'how running .ot
(ho big showing and considerable development work is nonr going on.
Joo Moi'H!a, secretary of the Michel
FooU.aH Blub, visited us Friday ond
wns thown ovor .our football Hold.
U'.U.o at pr«»_it.it tm* tlio auptiaraiiu-
of a rock quarry ho seemed to think
11 might do for two thirty rninut** bouts
with tliolr clitli, provided tlio ambulance corps would bo In atterdanco.
Couit. «k*k., boe,
■The following is the team" that will
represent' Michel ■ at Bellevue. Satur-
da.y.. "■; .;.(>■ Ve^'v'''* ;
J. Moore,'goal. S." Moore and Watson
:bMCM ^rgV«Q.n.^n^s-a-.d Jackson
"halve.;7' Harper," Brown, G. Millett,
Beddlngton-and-Weaver,- forwards.''
**»*♦<*.«.+<.»..*.'' ♦;♦.'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦'•      *'"'.      ' -7. -,-*'-vv;7"f,-\- . -'♦
♦ COAL CReEK,.BY ,174 I.J. '.♦
♦ *' .,'""'," s-♦
'♦ ♦.♦ ♦; '♦ ♦**♦.'•♦''♦,,•♦' ^i4r ♦
District' Board '"Menifier^ J.'^E.* Smith
was called away' to, catch'f-the/_iyei*
at Fernie. on7Monday"?eyentag to- attend the'm.eting.at McLepd'ori Tuesday. . •■ *' He returned home*' on, Wednes-
day.i*mornIng*^-"Nothing' Doing.',; * , ,._
/-Tom Nanson/ of Hosmer.' is,;spending a few days" up h§r'e after'coining
out. of the Hospital, where he has been
undergoing' . a'T. serious ■'. operation
through the cartilage of jtbe.leg being
injured.  *•   y\-"_ T"-.-'—• ■*"*.''
J. * Langdon' and* party 'arrived back
in ca)rip this morning (Thursday) from
the Elk .Valley, Coal properties of the
Trites Wood Coy. He reports great
things doing.out there when„the track
is* laid through. " '' » ' ' *" .
. Mrs. W. R. Puckey and four children
arrived back' In camp: on Tuesday
from Wingate Colliery, tlurham, Eng.,
after .'an absence of neaj-ly three years.
-Mr and MrgV James' Hope, of Passburg, „Alta., were visiting friends 'up
nere.last week end.' ,l      *''■-■•.
Mr.'*N. Duncan, of Cumberland,-was
visiting' up .here last.week for'a few
days, 'returning with his rriother westbound on Monday morning.   7  ''
The seventh supply of provisions are
being delivered.up here this week! ■
„ The berry season has now commenced and crowds ■ of blueberry pickers
can bi_r seen going'to arid fro all'day
long up and down the mountain sides.
The awful bear stories are" also being
told," but no one is missing so far.   ■
A well known young lady who left
here, a short while ago for Strathmore,
Alta'., (her. name was Miss Hunt) has
again/changed her address and also
her name this time; in .future she will
be known as Mrs, Dows of La Riviere,
Man. All Creekites join in wishing
Mr and'Mrs..Dows good luck and prosperity In'their, married'life.
Robert Fairclough, made a business
trip to" Cranbrook .on Wednesday.
Mr. W.'R. Wilson, GeneraJ Manager
bf the **C. N. P.;C. C paid a short visit
up/here'on Wednesday..
/ The Rev^ Father Mlchels, of Fernie,
was visiting up'here oii'.Tuesday afternoon."*,    '   •.'""-''   .- "''7*r.
7 Wm." Partridge," „• of ".Medicine Hat,
■was visiting friends up").here last week
end.    •*, ■*'-". „*     .;;""'/*
ing'a. few days* wlth'her brother and
' •   .7M,,- . \a.      -.'.'♦
♦ -•■      CANMORE   NOTE8 ♦
♦ ■: "Maple Loaf" «>
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
; The members of-the PresbyterUui
Sunday School, accompanied by Supt,
Robert Hunter* nnd^Rev. A. Walkor
journeyed-to Duthlll on Wednesday on
a picnicking excursion. Eleven vehicles convoyed tho party to and from
the camping ground, whero games, racing, etc., woro indulged* in., Unfortunately the wonther was cold arid
stormy and an early 'Btart for borne
was nocossnry.,. . ,,
Saturday wns the date of tho great
."trek!'*, of r the Calgary Automobile
Club to Banff,* One car with a brokon
spring wan side tracked Iti town for
tomporary,' repairs.      *
C, P. R,' dtitoctlvos worobuBy aftor
the freight trnln riders Saturday, , Six
were captured and handed ovor to tho
Jocal police,   ,, ..-a;.      '   .
;t'ho Rev/Mr. Olaxton, of Cochrane,
oxoharigod aorvlces with Rov. Walkor
on Sunday,'' '7 ;
Charlie, tho barbor, Is back In town
again./...,X good many of us nood bis
scissors.      v ,, - *•
By "Krlmis."
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦•^
A Icatuo match waa played here
flalur-luy between Coleman and Jllc-
<hcL ■■ Tbo game r«sult»d .n ftvor of
Michel* owing to "some of Coleinso's
best player* being Injured In the dip
tie fume belueo'a.tho Con) C.*t* tthd
■Oofomon match nt Coat Croon;
VI am tlrod of banging around and
not, bolng ablo to work," said L.
Mooro, tlio nccrotary of the local Min-
orB'Union'to a Herald reporter last
ovoning, "And will bo vory glad whon
tho striko Ib ovor."
Asked wliat lio thought about rattling It, Mr, Mooro Bald that ho
thought, tho operators will glvo the
minors an Incronso nnd that tho minors will como down In thoir prlco and
work for lots monoy than they ato
asking for now,
Tho Bofirotary said that ho had to*
oelvcd ordoirH not to glvo out uny
moro Biipi'Kos to tho mon ond that
ho had not glvon them any for sono
tlmo. "Wo liavo had a long rest mil
many of tlio minors want to roturn
to work, nml i think Uie sinko will
bo settled within a short time."
1'Jdltor ot tho Herald.—
8lr,-~Tnyour Issue of tonlnht I see
•"vh'iro you havo Inserted with head
lines that I had said to one of your
reportcrl that tho minors want to return to .work,, and that i was tired of
hanging around. v -
Well, I bog to contradict auch state-
mentis, aa tho only tlilr.it I tta\\\t did
say to tho reporter when asked by him
whkit I thought would be tbe ultlnitttu
result of tho strike was tbat probably
there would be' eoncesslons on both
slitos beforo a final settlement.
Truttlny yon will Insert this as a
torrecito . tod oblige,
L. 1I00RB.
his wife (Mr and Mrs," Steve Lawson)
at Hosmer.   ■   .' ■-y'" '-''.*'"" -    " *
•'Mr.'" H.' Ross left -here' last Sunday
fbr ^ich'el,.-'wj{ere-ne',*vj')ll take,over,
the management* of". the, Trites-Wood
1 The Frank football Team were unable to/fulfill their .fixture up here
last Saturday owing to circumstances,
.best' known tb themselves.
Robert Scram and Hugh Wright left
here on Tuesday 'morning for a fishing expedition up the Bull River. *-*■" *.'
* Mrs; H. Lanfrae and family loft here
laBt week to spend a few weeks on
their ranch at Gateway. 7
Born at Coal Creole on Thursday,
July 20th, to Mr. and Mrs; Robt. Scram
a fine daughter. Mother and child doing fine.'"   .   '
Davo Shanks 'arrived back ln camp
last week aftor spending about four
months In the land o'hoather. Mr.
Alox. Smart,'father'of Mrs. J. Shanks,
has also arrived with Davo,'and Is
now making "his'homo with'hiB dough-
tor and hor husband,
Win. McFogan nrrived back horo
last' Saturday from his visit to tho
homeland, and wo hopo to boo him
wearing the red and white colors In
tho noxt football match.
A Coalman's Heaven   .
A coalman wont to heaven ono day—
as somotlmos coalmen do,
And was given a Job nt a princely pay
Of. running, a .coal train through
To tbo kingdom below, with instructions, to haul.
From tho fiery brimstone bars -
All railway mon ho could recall
Had failed to givo him'cars,
>    - '• '   «;>i;   . -.-- ■'.   ■       • *.* ,**:•; . */
charge .of-the various duties .are -* en-
titled' to congratulations oa the;spler_-
did manner, in which they so-ably, "aided in making .the.'event so pleasing.-
, = The opening of the new tennis court
was celebrated by a" tournament when
some excellent, play was shown by the
contestants. ' Coleman beat Blalrinbre
but' Frank was "an easy winner, . „
^.Your ^correspondent inadveitentiy
omitted "the names of" Mrs.-*'J. Hadfield
and Mrs, Rogerson from last peek's
notesiaihong those who sent wreaths
as token ..of sympathy .'when "Mrs. P.
Porter was interred. r,   ■ ,    *
Card of Thanks/
7 Mr. Percy Porter, wishes to express
his heartfelt thanks   to   thoso; many
friends who gave such kindly help and
sympathy in' his recent bereavement.
■ The draw ,for the. Junior   Football
Cup * presented by the .Frank Juniors
is as follows:,.
Frank vs. Coleman,' Aug. 2
** ,     <_
Lille vs.-Burmis and-Passburg. Aug
2nd. .   ;       -. -» ■      %   "     *     .-*
'/Bellevue vs Blairmore, Aug %
v" Hillcrest has'Wbye*    ;"   '■-     , y
This ciip was won by Frank at Cowley sports someV-.-.C years ago a:nl litis
truly, sportsman Tike action oJ Frank
l[s worthy of praise,' not only will it
awaken' interest 'among the "younger
members of the football fraternity, but
will likewise, act as a training school
for/the aspirants"tb tne senior teams.
1 "t1" -1*.        1 '  i " , . .
■  . , ;-   /    Wedding 7.    '_■•*
* On'Tuesday last'at the home of our
townsman, Andrew McLeod, * a quiet
wedding was solemnized by the Rev.
F. M. Murray, who'united in the bonds
of wedlock Miss Jessie-Eastwood of
New Glasgow,* N.S., and Mr. Roy Lamont McClure, "formerly of Moncton,
N.B.-, but now of McLeod. Mrs.* H.
McLeod,,acted as bridesmaid, and
Fraser McLeod -supported the groom.
A' number of both.useful and pretty
presents were given to the happy cou-
pfe. "After,,the ceremony Mr. and Mrs:
McClure ."went East on their honeymoon trip and upon returning,will take
up "their residence in Maeleod.
The'boys oMhe Lethbridge Y.M.C.A.
Baseball-Club Who* have' been "on a
tour played" a''.match with our local
baseball tossers at^Crow's Nest, which
reBultedin'a'draw. .  A return match
_woa_iQrrQni_'Q(__£_£rkT» and=took=p!sLce--at
Coleman'Park and-although some * excellent 'play,7was shown by botlfsides,-
our boys had the bestof it in thd early
part of the game, but towards the end
seemed. t'b„>_fall tojipieces, tbo score,
ending-Y.W.C.A. 7 and'Coleman'6.^-' '"
Under'the auspices'of the Friendly
Order' of 'Eagles a"* splendid. concert
was give nln honor of Brother A.. Morrison's recent admission in tho army
of Benedicts.
The following programme was rendered and'needless to add greatly en-
Joyed: • , T Leyshon,' Tho Sorig that
Reached My Heart; L. 'Evans,'Tho
Anchor's Weighed;   . E Parlsli, Song
♦"■7 ''*,''.*
--♦-.■-      HOSMER   NOTES.
♦ ^       -  ..By "Krltlk."
♦ ,j"Held over-from last week,
♦ '♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦> ♦ ♦ ♦
, "Joe Fletcher returned, home from
Vancouver on Monday and will leave
for Summerland a few days thereafter
where he-has accepted a position with
the'Bank of Montreal.. - "**
-, Mr .Fred Wildman Ib busily engaged
these days'building a houso for'the
Elk Lumber Co. at Olson. ',,'\
,, Mr Robert Anderson's family is quar
antined 1 on account of scarlet fever.
' Mr. Cole was^a guest of Mrs. Robert
Duthie in Fernie this week.
Mr. W. G.. Barclay, as his own chaf-
feur, accompanied by his family, was
seen cavorting about town oh several
occasions in his motor car. We also
understand that' they made a brief
sjtay at, Olson.     ' .
* Oh Monday the coal company started a gang of men, on what ls commonly known as the Park track, situated between the C. P. R. and the company cottages, pulling out stumps,
clearing away Btones and levelling the
ground.   *
It is the intention of the 'company
to plant shade trees and shrubs and
possibly Import some* wild animals.
Mr and Mrs.'R. Strachan are enjoying a holiday in Lethbridge and Calgary, but before returning Mr. S. Intends ttf take a trip through the Windermere country."
Mr. Lewis Stockett was an east-
bound traveller" on Tuesday.   ,
Dr. and Mrs. Higgins left on Wednesday for Vancouver, where they,intend to reside'In future. Their friends
in Hosmer, and they are legion, wish
them every success and prosperity in
their new home. ' *
Miss White has returned to' Coleman to.take up nursing duties with
Dr. Ross. '**
,       -*7    This Week     7
- Mr.Hedley arrived' home ' with _ his
family on Saturday after spending a
very enjoyable three ,weeks travelling
around "and the change has*been- of
benefit physically but he had hoped
that,during his absence the coal strike
would have been settled. - /
Mrs., James "Maddlson, of Coal Creek.
So a messago ho sent to the realms of
For th'o railroad mon to bo
On tho watch for his train, and ho rang
'    his boll
With a chuckle of flondlsh gloo.
And tho mon lined up as thoy writhed
In pain *
On tho fiery brlmotono bars;
Rut when tho coalman showed up with
his train
Thoy saw ho had "No Cars!"
And so through tho endless clrclo of
Tho railroad mon line up
With hopo disponed, wllh groans and
As 1h«y drsln th**** hlttnr ew\x,
nut tho coalman makes IiIh run on
time  *   \
From the gates of.I .ari to tho (lory
bars,        -'
And thn rstlrostt wpti In nfiTiiln'ti r*t.1m«»
"No Carat My God!     Ko cars!"
-J, W. Fisher In "Tho mil of Lading."
Unitod Mlno Workers' Journal,
The Coleman Tennis Clob's third an*
nasi ball held lu tbe Opera Hont* vas
n complete tncfewf about 100 couptes
enjoying the pleasures of dancing,
The decorations were exceedlagly
toutcfut aad tU. u-._-_.UU_.*** wlio Iuul
For Me; T. Coran, Club Members. Encore; ,D. Harding, Friendship; W.
Faulkner, ■ Swannle River; Laydlo,
No'Banks' of Loch Lomond,'encore,
Casoy Jones; H. Drew (Mlddlosboro*)
Eileen Alannah; P. Donnotto, French
Lovo Song; W. Graham, Oh, Leave lt
Out, oncoro, Worso Than That; T.
Loyshon, Bohnlo Mnry of Argyle; W.
Chambors, March of tho Cameron
Mon; W; Nlchol, Annlo Laurie; T.
John, Queen of tho Enrth. II, Drew,
They Lovo Mo Because I'm Blind; J.
Hopkins,' Jr., The Organist; J. Tlmberman, Belgian War Song; T, John,
Tlio Baby Cnn Sny 'Papa'; C, Lofloy,
Bucldbs on Hor Shoes; Tv>Murrymnn,
Ih Our/Back; Yard, Ust Nlglit; W.
FaulUnbr, Auld,'Lang Syno. Henderson and .Prof. J. Crawford playod overtures during tno)serving of refresh-
inbnts., . Mr. H./ti'mltK'.officiated aa
chairman In his,.usual, happy stylo, ,
It. ls reported that i|>0 newly organized Malo Choir oro. preparing for a
tour through tho Pass.
As a roBult. of tho confldonco that
tlio different, owners had In (lie run
ning capabilities of thoir steeds bo
Ing tho boBt a threo heat quarter milo
raco was run off bot\ycp.i 0. lllgglns's
horso, Brownie, and cimpplon (Hollo*
viie) Quoonlo, with tho rosult that although tho formor won on llio first
hoaC tho nollovuo maro inanngod to
carry off lho honors by vory narrow
margins of tho othor two,
Tho Flnlandem claiming Hint on
sports day that they'wero In a very
tired stato or thoy would lmvo won,
nnd ns their opponents woro quit, willing for another bout ,at tug-of-war, it
wna pulled off with tlio rosult that tho
r'lnlondors gained on easy victory over
»    .        *  «, . .    , .,
Lltll    **U***r l Ltttittt     .i.mtt.1,    ***    iMiw,    !_.«._&.
Cnlt-mnn .Innl-M!*. Jriurnrvcd 1n "I .Ilii-
lo play thoir rr-turn friendly match on
Wednesday, which ronultcd In a victory for Milo, (Ihey scoring thrr. gonls
and our boys only managing to put
.1   .    ,_.*,...    1,1,,..,,,    tX.r.   ,.'..!„   .
,.*    ■ „^..    .,     A ,*     . I . V     , ll       -A,, ...
This game was followed by r match
between Ulle and Burmis, anil as misery loves company, our team surely
had It, as Bur-mis scored a dock egg
to Lille's 9 goals.
Kno-ih W.II.-in*** r«*»ttirn#»ff from hU
fruit ranch and reports everything doing fine even to *M ■m.flo.'tftocs. --vhkli
flourish In hordes and make tlieir t>r*»
ttncit teit without the lead invitation.
H. James and fatally, tho hare
Wen tWilflg W'aU'M, EtigUud, ire back
[wiutt acuta, after a* vary ylctuiauL Utvi.
i8v visiting her brother Mr. Steve La,w-
Bpn.. -  j_^_.;,r. *.   •■- -   - * **-
^ Mrs. Orr left on Monday for Port Arthur,' where Bhe :wiir reside with her
aa'ughter,' and It is to be hoped that
•the change of climate will.benefit lier
as she has been confined to her bed
for tho past five months Here.
Mr. Colly, of Chilliwack ,1& the latest
member of .ho Bank of Montreal's
staff.    "-     . -
Mr. Morris, of Fernie, was the guost
of Mr. and Mrs. Campbell on Wednesday. ' ' 7 ,
Archie McLeod and Joe Morino, two
of Blalrmore's woll known citizens
wero town' callers on Monday.
Miss Mc L. Fletcher, of Toronto, arrived, on Wednesday on a visit to her
brother, Mr. Archlo Mo L. Fletcher,
"Mrs. D. G. Wilson entertained a
large numbor of friends on Friday tn
honor of Miss Marlatt on her last appoaranco In society as Miss Marlatt.
Her many friends' contributed frbely to
the kitchen shower with which, she
was'presented bn tho occasion of hor
marriage, to Mr, Fuller, which ausplo
Ious ovont, took place at her father's
homo on Wednesday.
Mr. A. it, Hodges had an arm bad
ly brokon whilo loading logs on i car
on Friday week,     Ilo was taken to
the hospital and the latOBt roport   Is
that ho Ib progressing favorably.
Mr. Davis loft on Tuonday for a
throo weeks' vacation In, and around
MIbs Ethel Staunton haB accoptod
a position with Sommorton Brothers,
tho Jowolors of New Mlchol, nnd loft
on Monday to take up the dutlos of hor
new position,
Mr. W. T. Wai son reachod homo on
Saturday last after a threo months'
most onjoynblo vacation, visiting some
of the largest cities In Cnnada, U. S,
and old England, but. ho hnd scarcoly
tlmo to toll hli frlonds tho ktory of his
travels boforo ho waa onco again East
bound to nttond to commlttoo work
on bohalf of the O, R. T. In Montreal,
MIbb flmyllo, of Quebec, ts visiting
friends horo, during hor stay Is tho
Knout of Mrs, Thorne.
Mrs. Dulling submitted to an operation to both eyes this week, nnd we
aro plenBwl to state Is getting along
vr-ry nI rely.
MlflS Murray loft on Monday for
.   W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail,
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk,, .
,     • „   *•   t*
Victoria Avenue ,
FERNIE, B.C.1 7   Phone 34
-,W. H. Murr   -   Prop. ,
Your Architect
can-give "you jan* Idea of what;
you have' In nllnd tor that new
*     ;'"l . i' '
house of yours, but he    .,
May Plan a House
that costs double what you want
to expend. We have figured out
how .
To Suit Your Pocket
and glvo you a beautiful homo
at low figures. You'll Bavo
money buying a houso of us.
,   "HAVE A GLASS' ...    .
' "It will do you good, and besides it
isn't always you're ■ invited to test a
superior brand like this.'
There's no gainsaying but what the
sold here Is a genuine .builder up of''
the system.   Claret punches or sherry
cobblers made from wine sold here are
simply lrresistable. -For all kinds-of
wine buy- from' us, ,
, FefnleV B. C.
Insurance    Real Estate
Printer's Ink
When u»e_ on good pr«iei and
neatly duplayed type for your stationery u valuable. We have every
facility for doing the b«ut of job^-wotlc,
and st a minimum price.
T.W. Davies
" v-
•••i/H^^Htyb^«r***^Hlr*^yHt*^hHWrt *
i- ' ■>'•
IfiJINGER    ;:
•« _^_k °' >'
[ %^ E WI N©    J:
■ t  __. >■•
• ( matwmmmmmmmmmmmm.
_ • *>■
., , j;
• <v '     >■
',{   Aor-ent   r«rnl«   Branch    \'.
'.[ Pellatt    Ave.    Mortta ,'.
\ '- l
i wwwii.wimMitx**********! i
np.iTinH iMvtr*iTMn*NT&
The llrltlsh capital * Invcstod In
Foiith America alone—that Im, not all
ImDo America—lu ralculated lo Ji«v<*
l>«>Mi Iii the prwedlng year $2,009>fi!.0/'
coo, an amount considerably superior
lo tho fiumn Invested by cnpItnllHt*
irom any other source In the »anjo
r<-Rions. Five-sixths of that amount
'._.*,'.•«. Ucu placed iu ArKtuUn,*.. r.',u;.tt
and Chile, but In the last named scarce
ly ul. U1UIU i^UUiU Ot WbaX, Dn* i*x> Mr-
er countries hold. • The result Is that
Crai nritaln Has tbe larrfst xbar-e of
the flooth American trade. This
amonnts to 5S per «*nt snd Oermany,
ubUh cowe* Icsioedlately afler, ouly
u'j.vU<:*i KI yer ccttt.
New Michel
& Blairmore - *_,*',"*: •--'-■-".■
i-.'.' •---*. :-, 7 .'-'.V;-, ?-_i7r." m?*"•.-. \*-7r w,.'> "-^">7:''7>7'"-'."   -;? , ' •**■*_ - .'-*7
7   .^.   . - .   ■*--■.   ""-.-'-"     .',',   V   ---   '-'■»   ~.„ *7~7*:'"7.'*'*   '_.?"■', -<">'
yy •%&?.■.••-:.,•. „
•  >4'",.' **  .'_***   _     ,
• t   * *   -'! -i ' . ' '" ' ,"        i ■'  ■ * , -,  -   - * ,        _ *Y '•  -.    *    *   *,      "  i -
Alabama   Tlift Slauii Si^o];
':f-     "■' '       - " *   '   *       ■  "   "^-'.    -, '   '       ~.-..-:-V=!'•—-.-*■,   \-
•; C¥¥¥**¥¥¥*¥¥™¥¥¥¥¥V¥¥¥¥¥WyV¥¥¥¥*^^^
■' This, article, reproduced from The
St.\Louis Labor, should be read by
every man*,* woman and c^hild still laboring under the delus-ion that slavery
was abolished in 1865.
Chattel slavery received its .quietus
at the Battle of Gettysburg, but so far
as the physical well being of the worker is concerned it has been replaced
by a wage slavery much, more cruel
thaii ever pourtrayed by Harriet
Beecher Stowe in 'Uncle Tom's Cabin "
There is another feature to which
v.e draw attention and that is that
this does not take place, in a Republican Slate, but in oho that was loud In
its support of Wm. J. Bryan for president. Those short-sighted, individuals
vho decry unionism should be forever
■ silenced when such indignities are
posfcible ln a civilized (?) country. Of
course som© will loudly declaim that
such conditions are not possible iu
Canada, perhaps they may not re "ich
the same intensity, nevertheless it behoves every working nnn and woman
to bear iL mind the truth "That eternal vigilance ls the price of liberty."
United effort is necessary to stand
out against the serried ranks of ■_*.*■■_
talisra, whose henchmen know not
the meaning of "humanity" when,tlieir
masters' profit boxes are, endangered,
but with the tenacity of1 aobull dog
remain steadfast to their trust, de.
, pite all .odds.        *
Head this article once, then read- it
again, and let it\sink into your-mind
so that you may realize that although
the word "wage, slavery" has not
an ear pleasing sound it is none the
less an undisputed fact not alone in
Alabama, but in every civilized .?)
country under the sun and that tie
only differences are, of degree and not
of kind
, By William Mailly .,
'- "Alabama,is a slave state.     There
, isn't one of us miners but is In slavery.     The captlalists have not only
, smashed _ our  organization,  but they
ihave made it Impossible for "us to re-
- organize.-   We're watched and spied
-upon every moment    of   our    Jives,
-We're afraid   to   talk-to,, each other,
and we dare not trust    our    oldest
• friends and nearest neighbors.   Slavery is no word for lt."   *•
'. -It was anold. miner,_a__staunch_trade
unionist all his. life, that said this to
me.*    And it was all true.    Capitalism
is ln absolute, almost undisputed control in the district, where w}th Birm-
, Ingham as the center, efforts are be-
,Ing made to build up another Pittsburg that will rival the northern city
, lh everything, Including its vile labor
conditions.     To this^end all else is
being sacrificed so that investing capital can have free rein and the fever
for Industrial development which per-
* Tneatos tho wholo South can vent itself.    At all hazards, Industrial development must go forward, and in their
warfare against organized labor, therefore, the corporations havo always had
tho active whole-hearted  support -of
tho political machinery of the cities,
counties and stato, which machinery,
of courso, Is ln tho hands'of tho Democratic party.
Whon aftor an obaenco of fifteen
years, I- visited Birmingham n couplo
of months ago, and announced my intention of visiting tho mining camps
to soo old friends, I was warned to bo
careful In doing so and not got my*
aolf or any of tho miners In troublo.
I thought this was a Joko nt first, but
I soon learned thnt It wasn't nnd that
I was liable nt nny tlmo to bo mndo
to fool unwelcome nt. any plnco I visit-
od. And lt rotiulred ono to go out Into
thb mining camps to loam how had
conditions nro.
No minor cnn have any ono vlBlt him
from tho outsldo without having to
glvo nn account of tho vlnllor. Tho
companies lmvo at each enmp hired
guards who pntrol tho citiiips nnd moot
tho trains ns thoy nrrlvo. If n strung,
or gots off tho trnln ho Is usually accosted by ono of tlio* guards, nskod
Ills namo, wlioro ho llvos nnd whnt, his
buslnoBR Is In enmp. or ho is followed
nnd watched oponly In till his movo-
A Good Defence Against
the White Plague
No one can afford to letter, tlieir pro*
dudng power to-day, and to have powei
you mutt have good machinery.
The human body it the greatest ma
chine em produced—the mott wonderful mechanlim In the world.
It Is ttuer economic watte not to keep
your body in the best condition.
Tbere is no valid excuse for allowing
tlie tlsiuei to become attacked by the
white plague.   You need your health and
■rMwrnt*. *x**fX,<, *,*,,
Insure against it by building tip your
nueont ixitxx* aad fauu'y (telenets.
Tbe. best defence you can gtt If Nyal's
Cod Utrtr Compound. It builds up tbe
tiaiues and prevents disease.
A delicious tonic and a iplcndid vital-
ter;# putt on good, solid flcth, and makes
Vot the puny and backward child then
baotUtif better.   Nyal's Cod lint Com-
Kind will soon bring the roees back to
i cheek and give -vigor and vitality.
Year own Dnifgbt cheerfully gutrt_»
fees Nyal'i Cod Llm Compound,
For Bale In .ernie ana Guaranteed by
ments. If he goes to a miner's house
the miner has to.explain to the satisfaction of the .-.company or" get out.
Sometimes the miner is not given a
chance to explain and is told to get
out anyway.' .The company- takes no
chances.' '. The most rigid watch is
kept on the mon; for fear they make a
move to organize. 0
The Curse ofthe Company Store J
The company store flourishes,in all
its profitable glory. - No miner'who,
does not trade in a company store can
work anywhere. Indeed, there is
rarely .any other store for him to trade
in, unless he can go into the city, and
he can seldom save up enough" to 'do
that, tho company store gobbles up his
wages as he makes it. The independent stores around the mines have
nearly all been driven out of business
by the company stores and the few
that remain have but1 a precarious
* Even the farmers, wno aro proclaim*,
ed by Southern political orators in
all seasons, and especially at campaign
time, to constitute the backbone' of
the nation's manhood and prosperity,
even they have been made to feel the
iron heel- of the oppressor. Once
they did a thriving husiness peddling
their products through "the camps ^m-
ong the, miners, but. now they have
lost their former customers, because
the miners are prohibited from buying
of them. So the farmers now sell
direct to tho companies at the various
local stores and the companies obligingly set their own prices and dictate
terms to the farmers.
■There have been other changes. In
the old. days, when I worked in tne
mines, at Alabama, there was hardly
a house but, what was kept clean and
in good order, and it had its little
garden when,the springtime came, and
these gardens were cultivated by' the
miners and their wives. Tlie camps
looked fairly neat and bright. 'But
now, where before there were rows of
potatoes, cabbages, pea's and other vegetables, .weeds are growing abundantly, the fences are. either broken down
or gone entirely, and the houses are
dirty and dilapidated beyond the power
of words adequately*to describe. And
this change has come .about because
the-miners', gardens interfere' /with
trade at the company stores," .and the
miners are forced to depend for what
company stores and' them alone.
And- the people in the camps have
changed also. Of all those who came
from the North years'ago arid* who
furnished the skilled labor that made
It possible for the mines to be opened
at all, only a few remain. Gradually
they have been weeded out to make
room for the negro and native white
who has' como off the farm, attracted
by the fnlry stories of the "big money"
the^miners were making. Successive
strikes and lockouts have seen, importations of strike-breakers from tho
cotton fields and Southern city slums
and tho farms until tho pioneer miners
from the Nortli havo boon scattered,
many of them returning back whence
they camo or going whore they could
havo moro froedom and work undor organized conditions,
Cheating In Weight
Thoro are no longer checkwolghmen
on tho mlno tlpplos employed by tho
minors thomsolvcs to seo thnt thoir
conl Is -weighed nnd credltod to them
correctly. Now the company weighman can do ns tho compnny pleases,
nnd tho bettor ho docs lt tho longer ho
will hold his Job. As n rosult, cars
containing two tons of coal of 4,000
pounds aro usually 'credited -to tho
minor ns 2&00 or 2700 pounds, or ho
Is docked .for "dirty coal"*—that Iu,
when his car Ib snld to contain too
much i-lnto or conl —and lio has no
rodroHH. Ho will got.paid for only
whnt. appears against his numbor on
tho tally shoot,
,Tlioro Is also tho contract systom,
which hns bocomo ono of tlio groat*
out evils. Undor this system, a minor
contracts to got out tho coul on a
certain ontry for a flxod prlco por
ton, usually lho prevailing rnto, nnd
employs olbon_ to dig conl, olther no-
groos or Italians (mnny of tho Inttor
havo rocontly como into llio stato,
and thoy work long, chonp nnd hard).
Tho contractor Is hold responsible for
conditions on Ills entry, and ho In
turn pny thoso who work for him
either a daily wngo or n certain prlco
per (on. TIiobo contractor*, nro usually tho moro sklllod and cxiwrleneod
minors remaining In tho state, and tho
system Is used hy tho com pun los both
to koop down tho expense of mine operations and to provont the miners
from having mutual interests thnt
would brlnnr them tni»l-»li»ir
And all thono changes have co-m-***
about with a fow years. They hnve
followed naturally upon the wiping
out of the miners' organisation — for
It ts wiped out, and so effectually that
hardly a vestige remains. Yes. there
Is a district office of the United Mlno
Workers In Birmingham, with district
officers and all tho parnphorntlla of
organization, but thoro Is uot organisation, though tbe officers heroically
make a brare front at it. The form
ts there, but tbo aubstance Is missing.
There Is no secret about this; every-
uiiu know* ii., The national organization keeps up tbe district office, in the
bope of a revival of Interest, sometime, somehow, but there Is littlo warrant for such a hope. Even tbo most
optimistic admit this.
PeHtlee Play Part
For this state of affair*, the corpor
ations have, first of all, the various
state administrations, supported - by
those of the cities ah.V'bounties, to be
grateful to/ The Democratic party,
without-serious opposition for possession of the political .oachlnery through
out the state; has always been in'complete subserviency to capitalist inter-,
ests. *, Only here and there is a public
official who has any sympathy for o_
ganized labor, and he has'to keep
pretty quiet * about "it or the bosses
will see that he is-not renominated,
which is equivalent to an election, or
reappointed .when a new administration is comes in. On the other hand,
very seldom are there any. of the company thugs arrested for beating up
or shooting a miner or .other workman, and if ■ he dies, seldom is there
any punishment meted out to him.
The courts—all the legal machinery
—are In the hands of the capitalists,
arid they look after their own.
In all of the miners 'strikes that
have occurred in Alabama during the
past twenty years, the strikers have
had solidly arrayed against them all
the forces of government, backed by.
the press and the business element,
To recite all this history in detail
would, take' up too much space. I can
not' do more than give a mere sketch
that can only present a slight idea, of
•what has occurred to place the miners of Alabama in the degraded condition they, now are. And- perhaps no
body of miners ln the United States
have contended so bravely against adverse conditions to build up an organization and better their condition than
they have. That they have- faile'd
has not been because of lack o'f courage, capacity for endurance and devo
tion to their cause.
The* first strike of miners took place
in the winter of 1890. The issue was
a demand for an increase "of 5. cents
per ton.* Tlie strike was inspired by
the'national miners', union, then District 135 of the Knights of Labor. It
was^a,short-one. and it was lost. It
was "not until 1893 that the miners attempted to , organize again, * and that
was brought about' through the demand of'-the companies for a 25 per
"cent decreasein the scale. That was
the panic:year, and the miners were
ill-prepared for a strike, but they resisted the decrease, and the companies
were compelled to .withdraw their de-
__mands, " "-■  ■
»• But- it was only, for a while, until
the companies could be in a better posi
tion to.enforce it. The demand was
renewed-the following year, when tho
miners were believed to be down so
low in the standard of living, after
months of enforced Idleness and semi-
starvation, that they could no longer
resist it. But they did resist, for
they, too, had been organizing. The
final was that a strike began in April,
1894, a 'week beforo the great national
strike of miners headed by John McBride began. It was during this strike
that tho negro miners,'who had acted
as ■ strikebreakers ln , 1890, camo out
with the white men, and this marked
the first concerned effort of the white
and colored miners to act for their
mutual benefit. . And evor since that
the negroes havo. played a good part
ing the fight with tliolr white brothers
against tho exactions of the companies,
Crushed by Military Force
" Tho striko of 1894 was notable for,
tho Intensity and bitterness which
marked Its progress. It laRted flvo
months nnd' lt hnd ovory lndlcntlon of
complete success, oven up to tho vory
Inst, notwithstanding that tho stato
govornment conducted throughout an
nctlvo campaign to broak tho striko.
Thomas O. .Tonos was then governor
of tho stnto and ho was Jmbuod with a
flno frenzy of military nrdor. He ordorod tho stato troops to Ensloy, nonr
Birmingham, wlioro ho "commandod"
thorn porsonnlly. Thc American Railway Union strike camo in at lho snmo
tlmo. Jones stationed* a detachment
of troops In tho Union Dopot at Birmingham with mounted galling gunu,
nnd ho doclarod martial law In tho
Jonos wns a littlo dospot for a wlillo,
Sovornl times ho summonod tho union
londors boforo him nnd warned thom
whnt would happon to thom If thoy
I-orslHtod In their "lawless" courso. Ho
nlso bonded a company of troops at
night tlmo through sovornl mining
ramps, whero tho strikers woro quartered in log huts which thoy had erected nftor being ejected from the compnny houses, nnd thoro he hnd tho huts
soarcbod by tho soldiers for the "dos-
perndoes" who inhabited thom. The
strike wns settled on a compromise,
but was prneiieally lost. Tho ndop-
tion of a sliding scalo by which tho
■ml*ni>r« tvero. r\nti\ nem ,,.,. „....,.,.,.»._«. ,„
tho price of Iron In thn -mnrV-pt. yrttn
claimed a victory. The sliding scale,
which somotlmos went up, but more
frequently slid downwards, no longor
exists. . There is no definite scale of
wares now: thn min-*-™ tnV-n n>bnt ft-"-*
companies give them.
Five years ago President IlooieveU
recogmlifld former Governor Jones aa
a man after his own heart by appointing bin United States Circuit Judge
In Alabama, and tbe decisions of Judge
Jones »lm_e havo amply justified his
appointment as. a conicientlous and
faithful friend of tho corporations of
that state.
It was some time before the miner*'
union recovered from the strike of
1194, but ther* was continual frleUeu
betwoeft the miners and operator* until ISM, when the qucitloos at Issue
were aulnmllted to arbitration, Judge
Gray,,of^Delwa'refacting as'presiding
Judge. ' The.miners' won almost every
contention^'fbr [wtlcli [they, pleaded ■ b'e-
fore'the arbitration board and obtained
a new; and .better adjustment of .wages
and conditions.'. _ ■ But the companies
.were not\satisfied*\with the "working
but* of" the- award,',and in 1904" they
asked for a,reduction in wages that
brought on a^trike'.that was nearly a
record-breaker-for the time.it lasted.
When .his strike started- the miners'
organization ,*was'*.'ln the. best condition in its entre history. : It"* was .then
part "of the natonal organization; "with
John* Mitchell as president, and-everybody .working arbiindthe mines, Including ^ store-and-off ice clerks,_ and, in
some'eaees even mine foremen, belonged to the union,,the system of. .collecting dues' through" the company office
assisting materially iii bringing'this
about.    -,        -•--.,.   v.
The strike lasted two years-rfrom
1904 to 190G—and cost the national organization over a- million ,dollara In
strike benefits and relief.;, If'was a
test of endurance. between the companies and the men and the companies
eventually*won, for the strike was call*
ed'off. - Again "the state government
had done its share to bring about this
result and the-history of the* strike
is a long'arid'black record of intlmida
tion, assaults, arrests and misrepresentation on the part of the-law,'administering powers; the press and the
businesss people. 7,- The Ioss.'qf that
strike broke,the back of the miners'
union in .Alabama,.,to which end the
operators spent millions to accomplish.
, in 1908 the miners attempted to recover the ground lost. The'national
organization, with Tom.L. Lewis, president, sefifin* organizers iri an effort
to reorganize .tie- ^shattered . forces.
There-was a strike'for the recogni
tion of, the-union "and a return to the
former union control of the mines. The
national organization itse-f took charge
of the strike, and ils representatives
were active in "the field.* They met,
with a warm reception. They* were
driven but of every camp in the state
at the point of guns and they were
beaten with -.clubs and-subjected In
several*,cases' to unspeakable indignities until they could find no,rest or
haven anywhere. They were denounced as "carpet baggers" who had come
from the North to fatten on honest
Southern* labor and interfere with legitimate business enterprise.
The state government was again active.. The. governor at this.tlme was
one B. B. Comer; "owner of a cotton
mill in Birmingham, where children
are employed'at, as low wages as possible and- as. young as the law allows
—if not' younger—and a highly respect-
ed-arid very.'religious man.j^ Comer.
went Governor.Jones'one better. This
time,the strike,lasted only two montns
although the-\call7was generally responded to" throughout'the state. But
Comer r was even->7more advanced
than. Jones." He also;took the field
with the,state..troops and not only Invaded the.strikers camps but had the
soldiers cut down-and destroyed the
tents which the strikers wore sheltered
In.     The strike was' lost,' and since
thaf-time the miners organization^has
vanished ?in Alabama,-smashed "into
smithereens by.the combination of the
corporations, the government, the press
and the'business people,**-*." who *-..believe
that industry should* be-kept tunning
whether the wages paid to the' wo'rk-
ersTbe -good,*- bad or indifferently-1 ' *
. it, is' significant that r since ; the ."decline of the miners union the-number
of mine accidents in Alabama-through
explosion and otherwise has gfeatiy in,
creased. This is partly because .there
is no longer union" control .around, the
■mines and also because!most \ iotf the
skilled miners have,"left-the state; as
I have, previously pointed-but*'' ,There
are fewer competent foremen-and eff.
clent miners than there * formerly' were,
and the safer methods of mining have
passed away.'. NoW, instead of mining
the coal, using chiefly skill and muscle, and black'powder for'blasting pur-
"poses, dynamite has come into'general
use, and tWa has Increased the; possibility, of explosion and other accidents.
So" frequent have the explblons^be*
come that a new mining.law1, was'enacted by the' legislature 'last' winter.
The original bill was drafted by representatives of the coal companies. The
provisions of the bill were so outrageously bad, however, that thb-mlners'
union' officials were "able- to., make a
fight against it and .he bill was amended, and some oft the-most objectionable features ^struck-* but.J While
the law is admitted to be an improvement over the previous _- one;,yet the
companies have;much* the best of it
and Increased.responsibility is placed
upon the miners-in various ways. The
latter are skeptical.e\s to whether the
new law* will "effect .anything'better
or not.,,.    '   "'      ;•„"•...*■.
Then there'is aiso the convict'lease
system, by, which convicts' are worked
in mines i„ competition with the "free"
niiners/.It "was in'a'convict mine at
Banner that the'disaster .occurred last
April by which ,125 men were: killed,
all except three' or four being convicts.
These convict mines' are worked, 310
days in', the year, and they, have' been
very useful to the corporations in enabling them to supply the market with
coal   during   strikes. / The ''system
stands as one effectual'barrier against
the"* organization" of the miners in Alabama! .<■   -.   '      .,•'".
,*, But not only the miners' union-, has
suffered.   The entrance: of the United
States .Steel corporation into the, Birmingham field,  through  the  absorption of the Tennessee Coal! Iron; and
Railroad Company has 'seen   every
branch,'of 'organized : labor. • decline.
There is ,not remaining' a single lodge
of the Amalgamated Association   'of
Iron and Steel porkers "in the'entire
_district______The_open^hQp»prevai!8 _.n
every-.mill and-furnace — aiid that
means that.there is,<practically* riot.'a
single, union" member working in them.
Trade unionism generally'' was never
In such a disorganized,^ demoralized
condition.   7    ..*.*- " <'}"
' Alabama is Indeed a sldve state! But
what matters it so "long as Capitalism
reigns pnd the Democratic administration- a.t Montgomery still" lives?—St.
Louis Labor,
dr; wriglesworth,, d. d. .s.:*.*V
'..: • .7* '• -:l ..••ENTisT,'--"1-- <-_.■ 7-7:
-,*-»      .*. ,     -""'t:     . :... -:' ■ -i .\\ -J".;. - -
'-."• ■  .    a.." .--',, .,\"-r.,7<--**.?' .-•--.• ■c,.-'-">*
.; ■ O_ffiro: Jbhrisori-PaulkbeV. Blocfc'"".
Hours 9-12; 1-6; XJ *,<.;. ;'?Vj**;;*PJtibn*_i.72
"A'    '. '." '*'. .'-';'!tf
':'"'■''-,.;-'''. •'.'• b!" c.
**>*- _,-
-^ DR.. J7BARBER,' DENTIST' ',;','
" Office Henderson Block," Fernie B.C7
...VvHoura 9 toi;.2 to 6;'~i tofs; 7y
:', ■*■.; -.'. '*", ;.■■»»",' •*.*•-* '.' 7 '--■
Jy Residence 21 Viotoria Ave_'.^.
W. R, Ross K.C.
W. 8. Lane
7' 'Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, S. C.
. Canada.
,,   .-   . •—: ; 1, .,. i—r
L. P, Eckstein   ,.   *•    D. E. McTa-ggart
•"• i ^ *, n
',*'!.       •' ■ "'   <*.'  .;■ .''.-''■■ ;'.
Cox Street * '       Fernio B. C.
*e'   *,    :-    .'7        -    ' "
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
. ,    .       \ ,      ".*-,.'
■-.'   V   . ATTORNEYS
' *,7.    "'"   Fernle.fiB.C.
^ -v." -:■■■:.<
Shall Socialists
to Kings
Whilo it is generally* admitted that
"a cat may look at a king,' it seems to
bo a disputed point as" to whether a
Socialist may talk with ono, ■
At any, rate, an Incident of this kind
has recently occurred ln Europo and
has been widely aud vigorously dls*
cussed, particularly • by Gorman and
BrltlBh Socialists.
Mr. RnmBny MacDonald,' a well-
known • Soelnllst, representing tho Independent Labor party ln tho, British
Parliament, wlillo visiting Gormnny,
rocolvod an Invltntlon from tho.Kaslor,
who Intimated a doslro to talk with
him. Mr; MacDonald accoptod the in
vltatlon, pnld "tho visit, liad lwnch with
tho monarch, and presumably .discuss
od political mnttors of somo kind,
though we aro not told what.
MacDonald has boon savagely crltl
elzod by some of th'o Gorman Socialists
and In his own country indignant Socialists havo pnHSOd resolutions do
nouncliiR tho Socialist who "dined with
nn onomy of Soclnlism,"  ,
In reply tho odltor of tho Socialist
Rovlow, who happens to bo Mr. Mac
Donald hlmsolf, Jtntlflos tho Intorvlow
by .declaring that so long ns Hoclnl*
ism'proceeds on civil lines of a constl
tutlonnl ohnrnclor It dobs not nocos
sarily break personal contact; that If
tho German Stato can bo discussed by
intelligent mon, Its embodiment, tho
Kaslor, can he mot and ln|,orvlowod;
thnt Soclnllflm ennnot llvo nnd thrlvo
on a policy of excluslvcness; that If
a man who speaks to a king ceases
to bo a Socialist, the outlook Is bad
i'or thxi (uturo ot tiodaKsai, (or many
Socialists will speak with kings as
the movement grows more •powcrfo!
and widespread, Ilo admits at tho
samo tlmo that such Interviews may
xiiiiaix, itie "wtuiker tJoclHllsl. breihren
and cause distrust of their spokesmen,
but maintains that though this be so
there Is no Avoiding IL Exclusive-
ness In these particulars cannot bo
And thru** the matter sfand* at present
Thnt thoro ohotlld bf) more or IflSfl
.luntlflablo suspicion In ICngland r-e-
Kardlng surh meetings Is quite reasonable, it bas been a favorite trick
of the ruling clusea there io qm tbe
king as a decay dock for the -purpose of dlirredlllrtfr rndlr*, Und*-* In
the eyes of their followers by having
tho monarch publicly rccajjalio such
londors nt May'Day parades or, other
public functions .where' tho recognition
could havo tho doslrod"offoct.' And
tlioro havo been Instances wlioro such
attentions liave succeeded ln seducing
tho leader complotoly from his following and in some edsbs transforming
him from a flory radical to a respec-
tablo conservative,
Dosplto all this,' howovor, wo think
on tho wholo it Is cortaln that tho "exclusive" policy cannot bb maintained;
that many Socialists In tho futuro will
bo cnllod to talk with kings, nnd states
mon moro powerful than kings,' and
that lt will bo ImpoBslblo to avoid
such IntoryJowB. If this Is-potent to
destroy Socialism, U1011 thero Is somothing wrong with such Socialism, and
tho sooner lt goes tho bolter. Tho
cpntlnfjoncy is certainly not provldod
for nnywhoro In tho voluminous writings on Socialist philosophy, and It Is
fnlr to pvosumo that tho writers Ign'or-
od it ns of no particular account.
Thoro Is, howovor, ono vlow of tho
quostion that Mr. MacDonald looming-
ly overlooked, and whicli la quite important In a discussion of tho mattor.
It Is gonorally assumed thnt the policy
of "oxclusivc-iioiB 'In this respect was
adopted by Socialists1 thomnolvoB,
which, wo think, Is an utterly mistaken vlow, Tho mnn wbo bocomos a
Socialist does not dellboratoly and of
preconceived purposo cut hlmsolf oft
from socloty; on tho contrary, it is
socloty that cuts,him off. And tbe
Socialist by tho verv net of mnklnir
propaganda—to Indifferent or hostile
audience*—resents tbis exclusion and
always tries to break it down. There
are'some people, hoirerer, who particularly insist on oxcludlng him,, thoy
will not listen to him or admit blm to
tneir presence and ihey are able to
foroe him to keep hli distance. As
ho cannot reach them in personal contact, the real situation bocomos in a
sense reversed and tho Socialist conceives himself as excluding tbem instead. And p'srtfctjlarly Is this vtew
strong with the rank and file who have
attracted no attention as spcakum or
The spectacle of a king and Socialist
speaking together, therefore, Is so nn-
ususl that it naturally arouses suspicion,
Vet it !* an* dlttVevit. to seo that la
this matter the Socialist has been subjected to exactly the same treatment
as his predecessors, who havepublic-
ly advocated views hostile fo the interests ofthe existing order. , What
monarch," for instance, would grant an
interview, to a Tom Paine of* a revolutionary" republican of tiie eighteenth
century? ■" or to a Leveller or'a Chartist ,a" Fenian or a'member.of the "red"
International of 1864?-"' These 'pe6ple,
were all excluded from the presence of
majesty just-as the Socialist was,, and
very-probably, "like the'latter,' Imagined " that their "positions' were" In' their
very nature mutually exclusive.
' But If any'of the,,ideas for-which
these people stood had "gained a .er-
taln recognition in society, it was not
so easy! to ignore.them. Flrst^their
existence was forced on the notice.of
the understrappers and Inferior hirelings of "the established order and'* as
their following became " larger > and
more influential}, the superior grades
and finally the" King: himself had to
recognize their existence.' ' *• '
'", One hundred year*, ago no -King
would condescend to. speak'to an ad-*
vocate of republican principles. To-dn^
the sight of one of these men in"' the
to pass utterly'unnoticed; .ia.fact,'It
is regarded'aB\quite,'natural.'   \ 7 T
One hundred years ago,the Idea of
royalty asking an. interview^wlth^ a
freethinker like Paine Jor * Hume -.was'
preposterous. With, the possible exf
ceptlonof Frederick the. Great's freak-
isli Intimacy with .Voltaire, history
records nothing of tho sort as happen
ing. But royalty, today has no scruple
about according locognltlonito a Hux
ley, a Darwin or ,a John Morley, or
other scientists and statesmen whoso
views on revealed religion were mucli
more dangerous than Patae's. .The
reason Is obviously because there are
many more pooplo who . hold those
viows now than there were in the tlmo
of Paino., , .! ' ,   .
And lt is for this reason and for
this reason alono, that tho Kaslor'doslrod an interview with a well-known
Socialist. Thoro are moro Socialists
now, and thotr numbor has grown so
groat that thoir roprosontntlvos can no
longer bo Ignored by thoso who' sit
In tho seats of lho mighty.
lt is not tho "oxcluslyonoss' of tho
Socialist that has boen thus demolished, but rather tho "oxcluslvonbss" fore
ed upon Socialists by thoso who onco
woro ablo to disregard tbem, but \vho
cnn no longor do so,
It may bo, of course, thnt this bronk-
Ing down of barriers by royalty tn recognizing Soclnlism may havo In lt
somo doslro or hopo of warding off tho
inovltoblo by seducing Its spokesmen,
nut It Is for tho Socialists to iook
out for that, and wo hsvo no foar
but that thoy will and most .offoe-*
tlvoly, too. ,}t Is whon ono of thoir
numbor has succumbed to tho bland-
iBhmonts of tho ruling clnnsoi that tho
only roal Socialist policy of "oxclu-
sIvonoBs" Is put In oporation as ngalnst
thnt Indlvldunl .and with tolling effect,
Tho ruling class may got tho Indlvldunl
but nolhing more,
In short, tho Knlsor's doslro to speak
with MacDonald is simply a recognition by that monarch that tho policy
of excIuslvonosB Is becoming obsoloto.
Ho didn't "grant" tho irtervlow; ho
requested It Instead, Ho roeognL't**!
that tho enemy was wll bin his gates
nnd it wna necessary to como to somo
ngroemont with him qulckly'lest worse
befslll. Thero was no agreement, of
courso, nor could there be any,, but a
Knlser Is not expected to know that,
Yos, It Is truo that we Socialista
are going to apeak to Kings In tbo
future, Just aa wo will speak to tbelr
masters, tho. capitalists. The it fact
that it.la'our unalterable Intention
to eliminate both from tho society of
the future doesn't necessarily preclude
the civilities of ordinary conversation
when dealing with them. We can
well afford to apply the aphorism of
the old King maker. Bstnarck, to the
situation, "Be polite lo the foot of the
scaffold—but hang your man, ■
Little Conceits
There ain't anny condition Ir human
lifo that's not endurable If ye make up
jeer mind that ye're got to endure IL
Tt* watt good Chfag about tWa here
wurruld that nawtbtn' lasts long en-,
ough to hurt.
' :(..• i-.-.-j.
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2*•.£-'" • "o--"1 V«f ~'v'  ' V*-'1' ****"'"'' '      *    •'"'"1
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Manufacturers of and Deal-
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S. F. WALLACE, Prop,
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Buys "Horses on Commlslon    it,
George Barton    Phone 78 J!
Lizard Lecsl General Teamsters No,.
141,   Moots, ovory Friday night at.
8 p, m. Minors' Union Hall.  WV
A Worthlngton, President;   B, J.
Bartenders' Local No. 614s Moots 2nd
nnd .th Sundayi at 2,30 p.m. Secretary J. A. qouplll, Waldorf Hotel. ■
Gladstone Locsl No. 2314 U, M, W, X,
•Jioots 2nd and 4th Thursday Hlnanr
Union hall.    j). Jieos, Se",
Typooraphlesl Union No, B5Br Mooter
last Saturdny In onch month nt tho?
Ledger Office,   a, J, Buckley, Boo-
Local Pernie No. 17 8. P, of 6_ Moots.'
In Minera Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7,46 p.m, Everybody welcome. D_.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and>
J6ln«rit~Meet In Miners Hall over;?'
•Iternato Thursday at t o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. 0.187.
-i ■
United Bratherheod of Carpenters and':
Jelnen^-Ucil 1K0, D. J. Evans,.
President; P. w, Bhaw, Secretary.
Dr. de Vanv§ Femal. PIH»
Por Sale at Blesi-i-iU's Druj Store*. ?."-'■"•'i;*.*--' ?■*■*■■_£' "■-..0"'.M3v,'_**j^^&-t~ff-'±^s£-*--g£^&li!.'':i.v£ *&r- *.,-¥ ^->'f*-"**'V-.- ■V'ri,™"''y-'i!~r*-y-^'?r':-s'  *
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-**, *      , -.ii ■ ,V ,>*,.'*..-' "J"    "--**.   *- ... - *    'r     .---•.•?   ar,--: '    '•"'■
* v--  •-,. - - ^ ;%.'. .--.-^ ,;-•--.*-.'.,;".    ,        ■>.,  --.'.-.,.-    I:***,*.-
--'"*. *.?- .-'■
Xffix M6r£igw\ Brothers
■>'t!-'.: Na^icti.dzle'.':^
. " d'owbsciWe sa'-jakotako'-uregulowane;
' ,",•'.— spoleOzenstWa-.tamyzajmuja .ie^wie-'
.-' - - j oej *,-_: ozviazanieni1 zagacbdlen, socyalny-.
.*; -r;ch,"to .jest*.mysla" nad:'p*owie_szenlem'
* **. ogolnege dobrbhytui nad coraz-spraw-
:"". iedliwazem.tegoz.podzialem'.^;•*' ',-i-' 7,
', "'Druga'-'zasf wsehodnla. czesV Europy
'sklada-'sle przewaznie z ujarzmionych
■'ri-. pa'mi jacych " narodowosci,7 aku'tklem!
;7 "czego w"Rosyi''Austro-|Wegraech7rna
■ _ 'Balkanakim {Polwyapie, -kvestye; harb-
.'   ddwosciowe, zajmuja pierwsze mlejsce
J  przed sbcyalneml i.przek to.ppojmlaja
fozwoj cywllizacyi 1 ap'ole'cznego pbate-
.. " pn* '   !     '-." -    ' ' ''V'--.'■•;' , '
.•■   ^Nlema chyha na swiecle'calym.fcad-
- rzlej -zawllego panstwowego org-aniz-
,' mu, jak Austro - Wcgterska monarchla'.
!*   Nie dose, ssedziell slo na,dwlel"pblo*ffy,
* v z ktorych wegierska,'znbwii wydzlela
, ze.swego loha Chorwacye, pozostajaca
f * prawie w taktm smym stbsunkujdo
',*'*, Wegier, jak'te ostatnie do Austryl r-
ale jeszcze kazda prowlncya ma zatar-
* "gi!*z inneml,1;" z _'iila- zasladajaceml, o
,,    granlce etnograficzne, "a procez tego
.', • >*? kazdej'prawle,.pr6wincyi; istnleja
.. ■    dwle, czasem riawet i wlecej narodowosci walczace z soba o przewage.-7 .
- -        - -•     a".   ; ■-"*,-'*•
•    ,   I tak cala, monarchla ma. nigdy nie
,   !przedawniona k'westye weglerpka.vf-
.-•_'"■-.'Wegry, prdcz wielu )nnych, maja' kwes-
,!"**-"/"tye -cliorwacka.■'.  Chor^wacl-'radziby
-,t7 zebrac^w jedna calosc cala rpolu'dnlo-
;     *wa'Blowianszcyzziie, to jest Slawonle;
-, .czesc Styryl I Karyntyi, Istryi;i'D'alnia-;
! \ eye; a nawet Banat, Bosnle i Hercbgo:
". . wine, ale ria tel drodze' sootykaja,. sie
-z: nleprzezwyciezoneml•, trudnosclaml
■* -maszyny panstwowej 1 ze wspolzawod-
',;  nictwem Serbil' 1 C^zarnbgorza.^ktore "o
'■, tem samem marza;     "'".'-.    ;   './■ .
„ Dalej Siedmiogrod nalezy .do Wegler,
!'•   ,, -\vieksza polowa jednak liidnoscl 'sklada
sie z Rumunowi clazy do', lirplestwa
;   Itumunskiego-—. Nlemcy. zds zamlesz-
,    -kujacyw SIedmlogrod*jle klqcasle1 z
' •■■ .^Vegrami. *•_';,.   J~-.•..,..,■ ■ J
'■ : Krolestwo7Czeskle, ta w najwyzszej
•.   '^ikulturze prowlncya ..austryacka, - ma
Itrzeciaiczese'pvzestrze ill zaludlnona
■przez'Nlemcow, ktorzy, popieranl przez
. .* i.reszte swpich .bracl iZydow'/a, takze
.';' 'protegowanl, przez korone,' ani mysla
r'!'^choc"J,musza/*4 zrecz ■, sie .panujacegb
''J •.- stano"wisk¥ nad- -Czechaml' i/nad'cala
' .'fmonarchia. "■'.'',.  -     "*7'l yJ"JJ
J J.*7pl saml^zhbw Czesl maja p^eteiisye
la, -i; jeszcze ■ robi zabor'y.1 na, Balkan-
skim. C'Polwyspie! -jest Ho;-' cud" praw-
dzi'wy.*'*.*);..7:;j. "*-yr '• ' ■"'"' "";<*r."'•',''>'•'
!;;Najwiekszym cementem tegbrbzho-
plemienneigo Jpanstwa, byla". dotychczas
dynastya^ HausVurgow, ktqraT panowala
w, Hipzpanii 'Belgii.; Szwajcaryi, Nlem*-
czech,'Wloszech, Wegrzech^az.w kon-
cu "zawedrbwala do Bosni. i Hercogp-
wlnj7.":' *'*'' ' - \*.'" ' ; 7 '•_ ■'" "*
-Istnienie to i**wzglednie.."pomyBlny
stan stanowlska na_ zewnatrz.'.AiiBtrya,
skiitklem, chaosu -narbdowbsclowego,
oplaca zlymL stanem ekbnomicznym .n&>
wewnatrez, a zwlaszcza ;,bieda klksy
rbbotnlczej, czego -.najlepszym dowo-
dem ciagie zwlekszajaca sle emigracya
najproduktywniejszych'.Uudzl do; Am:
erykl! pomlmo, ze""Austrya jest kra-
Jem ■ pieknym,' zdro^ym ' i - oMltujacym
we wszystko. ;,, '.'/"'' '•'.'
\ Dotychczas cale bbgactwo * austry-
acltlo!, skiipilo sie w- rekach' licznego
nai^' potrzebe du'chowienstwa, arystbk-
racyl i llchwiarzy.,*
Austrya jednakze nie doszla do prze-
pascl.'ale zroblla szczesllwy i jedynle
mozliwy zwrot; pobudzona; zapowled-
zla rozwoju wolnosclowego * w Rosyl,
nie dala sie. jej, wyprzedzlc, ale do
swojej konstytucyi wprowadzlla nowo-
czesny, demokratyczny' plerwlastek, —
glosowanle . powszechne."- ^"Od" tego
czasu,' z kazdym- driiem wlecej, cementem'- budowy ' austryacklego ■ panstwa
przestaje bye wygasajaca'.dynastya, a
jej miejsce zajmuja same, dojrzewa-
jace do ^wolnosci I samorzadu —-' ludy,
ktore przez dlugl czas szczute. na- sie-
blei trzymane na pasku; stana naresz-
cjle nledlugo naprogu reform; socyal-
n'ych.'*        ^ ."7.-"     ' - '"'*''""" •1f
"Najlepszym dowodem nowej ery au-
stryackiej sa wlasnle nledawno ukonc-
zone wybory, ktore pomlmo nadzwy-
czaj.energlcznych wysilkow,,ze* strony
rzadu i kleru .wprowadza . dp .parla-
mentu w Wiednlu bsmdzleslciu paru
socyalistow. ...'--Zadne strpnnlctwo au-
stryackie poszozycic sle nie moze taka
llczba w jednolltej rnasle. '• \ .
., Poslowle ci beda.niezawodnie pote-
znymi obroncaml "pracujacego ludu I
nieprzyjaclelami wszelklego uclsku.
>" Glosowanle powszechme jest takze
plerwszym szczeblem ,;do rozwlazania
wszeiklch kwestyj narodowosclbwych
i jestw stanle przetworzyc Austrye, z
du'alistyczf negb ~" w:panstwo feder-
acyjhe riowoczesne.'*..'. '"J-J  r
->Czy na'- takie' przeksztalcenle sle
wystarczy' czasu."! czy nato Dozwoia!
Sir Hiram Maxl'm^Graham^Whlte, and
-"    , M.' Bleriot aVe^W'brklija' To«    *' \
7,     ,   . gether'Near,-!Lonclpn. v^.",,
"' In the littie suburbanwlllage of Hen-
don, less than seven' milesV'as ,the crow
flies, from the royal rpalace of = Buckingham, Sir Hiram'Maxim.'because of
his great love bf-'peabe;-is "planning to
construct the most" formidable engines
of destruction, the* "world!;; has-, ever
seen, hoping, tliey !*will*make"war impossible in'-,"a n-^arJfuture."W, On a
smooth stretch.of.'ground,* comprising
nearly 400 acres, Mr." M*axim.*Mr.*-Gra-
ham-White,':and M. Bleriot, working
together for the first,time, "Will erect
Uie most.up-to-date'aeroplane factory
in the world, in which aeroplanes are
to be built, half a dozen of which will
be enough,to defend tho coast of England' against' any; attempted* German
attack, and- send the, Kaiser's proud
ironclads to the bottom of, the North
Sea with thousands of men before they
Bhall have been able ' to aim their
guns.   • , -    -,'*,-:'..„-.
But this will not be all. With every
constructional facility at their command,'and with a large staff of. skilled
workers to' call upon, these three* renowned experts will collaborate in the
construction of new types*, of aeroplanes, which will be built ln the factory , and immediately tested on ,the
neighboring aerodrome ,'by.' special
pilots. Mr. Graham White, M. Bleriot
and Sir Hiram Maxim will direct keen
attention to the development"; of the
war aeroplane;" to; the evolution of
simple, practical machines to encourage the sporting and pleasure-seeking
aspects-ot airmanship; and also to the
building of special passenger-carrying
types of aeroplanes. * '■
..-All three."judging from their expert
knowledge of flying, believe that—now
the aeroplane -has emerged from, the
experimental-into th practical—tliere
will be ".during the coming flying season a vast; forward-Btride in connection, with airmanship, chiefly as*-re-,
gards its military and'sporting possibilities, and also' in the matter of pleasure cruiBes -and* organized' tours
through .the" air.. To" popularize the
making" pf tours .throughout England
by aeroplanes, also to stimulate weekend aeroplane trips undertaken in the
same way., as ' motor-car "week-ends"
are iio'wenjoyed. ^Mr. Graham White
and others are, seeking to arrange for
Bpecial- aerodromes; with sheds' and'
fac*ilities,.to'be erected at.pleasure re-
Bprts "throughout.'the, country.' Not
only fbr, reconnoitring. and dispatch-
carrying, 'but."also "for- destruction
work—a field.in .which Sir Hiram Maxim 'will., experiment exhaustively—will
aeVoplanes be' constructed.   '     »,
■,* ''j-czesc" tego kraju zamieszkupa Pplacy,
"'-ayw- zachodnlej/procz: pewn'ej liczby
■, .*zamozniejszych ' obywatell-'; cezsklegp
- Tpochodzenia,-mleszkaja• takze**-z■ czes-.
' . acze ni proteBtanci polscy. ■ .A'ponie-
X*Mrw!1tobie" te * _lo\Yians_r<_ Earodotir&scl
<*, nie!-mbga-* sie- *§)godztc,>7wiec nlemi
:Tzadza,niell?znl Nlemcy, przy-pomiocy
' '-'Zydow, udajacyclf Nlemcow. y    ' i '
:t   W Gallcyl, .zachbdnia'. polowa   jest
I czysto polska a-.wscbbdnla.w trzech
;,'. czwartyc _, * ruska,' "a .'jedriej • czwartej
^polska.   ' Poltlcy,^ ^plerajao >; sle ■ ria
zwletrzalyuh prawuch •' hlstorycznych,
; *iad'_by ,iiad; Uusinaml /odgrywac role
• i .tarszyclbracl; aiiektorzy znoW'Ruslnl
, "7.maja -talc, wygorowano    zadanio/Tze
• gayby lm,, nletylko Lwbw', alp l'Kva-
.kbw'oddac, to'.jbflzcze czuliby sle po-
*;.. krzywdzenl.   ''      • "*'"',' •■ -,  '  ,,■'
Procz tego, Qalloya1 nia'od za'ciiodu
' opory punkt otnograflczhy* 1 Czechaml
:lNleracaml 0 Slask; od poliidnlowego
.>zaohbdu z Wegrami 0 Sptz'i bze'so
•'"Slowaoyi.-a.od poludnlowego wschodu
md zlo okvofllona etnograficzna granice 7, Bukowlha, gdzlo dose yinnnzna
czesc liidnoscl Btanowla Ruslnl 1 Pol-
ncy, obok Ilumuiiow, a rzadza nlml
.   -Nlomcy, przy pomocy Zydow.
W poludnlowym Tyrolu (Trlont) w
, .Trlosolo I wogolo w Ifltryl    mloszka
900,000,    Wlochow, ktorzy daza do po*
laczonla slo z Krolostwom Wloaklom,
podczas gdy Slowonoy clagnn do Kron-
,_ oyl. ■        _ . ,'.•*.'
Trlont nrilozy do Austryl,.! .um6(do
• ■ Weglor, a na 'oba to porty vw przysz-
,    loscl, ostny soblo zobyCeanvatwo Nl.
Oproca togo panujnoy w Austryl
olomont — Nlomcy, traca krolc za
Ici'oklom a wo jo przywllojo, czuja slo
takzo pold'zywdzonl 1 zaczynaja my-
, Bloo 0 oderwanlu slo od Austryl',
.Talc pruy torn wsystklem to panstwo
slo trzynm, ma flnaiiBo w nlozlym pro*
, •zadku, annlo, co do liczby czwartii co
do wyawlcKonln, uxbrojonln I mobllt
znoyl, iiloiiozostawlajacn nlo do zyozjin
. Zdaje.sie, ze.tak,—ponlewaz Cesars-
two - J*Iiemieckle'; jest^'paralizbwane
przez Francye, a Rosya' skbmprbmito-
wala.sle w6bectPolakdw 1 Ruslnow 1
sama pograza.sle w-ferment narodow-
osclowy i socyalny.Robbtnlk'Polskl.'
Le juge Bodwell, de Los Angeles, a
decide quo le proces des deux frerea
McNamara, acaises d'avolr fait, sauter
rimprlniorle du "Temps", coramencera
lo 10 octobre prochain. - v. ':
V ,.    .   ., r 1 ...-,-, -
Corpse  Was .Found to be in Perfect
,'7 , -Preservation   .
' A strange, burial'" story emanates
from' Cerreto".Sannlto, -near Naples,
Sixteen years ago.Monsignor Sado waa
burled In the cemetery there,.but recently; the family deciding to remove,
the .coffin' else where,"'the corpse was
exhumed.. It,wa8^found to he in such
a state of'perfect* preservation'that
the viscera\had hot been affected by:
putrefaction at alii' Also remarkable
was tho fact that the lungs, spleen,
heart, and.kidneys, although separately' removed, -still contained come
coagulated blood. The organs-* have
been sent to' Naples for scientific 'examination, 1 .;
Tht Atlantic Is a'Huge Contlmjpt'Cov*--;
efed with; Water—Summits   ••'* '
-*-.._■ ,*,...-   *.- *■
"„,,   "    ..Near.the Surfac«>..v.^ V:-".,
- It-was atfthe captain's tableJ on axi
Atlantic liner that a young woman'idly,
Inquired. *Just!jiow \ far the" Bhip was
from the nearest land. ■ Several *: pas-'
sengers* would, havo said .bii'hand,
"About eight hundred miles.". But the
captain , referred „the'question to a,
quiet gentleman, .who' looked at .his
watch .and a*'chart, and amazed .-Ms'
hearers by answering, "Just about,
seventy yards."; ,     * -
. "The land I speak of,"-continued the
captain's friend, who was an expert
oceanographer," "is just : thirty-six
fathoms beneath this Bhip. It is the,
summit of the Laura Ethel Mountain,
which is twenty thousand*feet above
the lowest lev 1 ot the Atlantic basin.
If it" wero • some' two hundred feet
higher, or the sea were two hundred
feet * lower, you would call it an island."   ■    ,
- In effect the Atlantic is a huge continent boasting a' superficial area of
26,000,000 square miles. .. It is 9,000
miles long and 2,700 broad, The depth
of the water' that covers it is by no
means, bo considerable as people* used
to imagine.. Oceanography aB" a
science may be said to date from only
about 1,850; but, thanks chiefly to the
labors of.Jhe cable-laying and.cable-
repairing ships,.our,knowledge of the
configuration of the bed ot the ocean
grows greater every year. -
,The Laura Ethel Mountain, discovered in, 1878, is the uppermost peak of
one of the most celebrated of the submarine * elevations ' in the' Atlantic.
Mount Chaucer, at the eastward of it,
was revealed "to oceahbgraphers in
1850. i.Sainthlll,, which 'is westward of
both, has the honor to.be the first
mountain discovered* in the Atlantic.
It became known to science in 1832/
Prior to the laying of the.,first Atlantic cable, Lieut. Maury, U.S.N.;
made it known that a wide plateau, exists beneath the ocean, running-from
Ireland • to ■ Newfoundland. It' seemed
so. admirably suited to the purpose of
cabe laying that he modestly'*'called it
Telegraphic.Plateau; 'but"in the newest* charts it ..bears the discoverer's
name. -,-'." ""*" .--',.•
* The . location -. of "Davy • Jones's
locker"'- might be said to have been,
established- .with the discovery of
Sainthill. "It*'*bas been estimated that
at th"e base of this eminence the relics
of! not-fewer" than five, thousand-
wrecks : He'. scattered. Or one might
ascribe, that'.gruesome distinction to
the Faraday Hills, discovered in' 1883,
and lying between Mount Chaucer and
Laura Ethel Mountain. These hills are
noted' among oceanographers for the,
amount bf -/wreckage of which they are
the,monument.  . * ... *7* "
There,are, the cavernous depths,'of
course,* in the Atlantic,, as well as "majestic heights. Four miles and a half
may be'.taken to,be the greatest." The
average' Is. -probably about two_iEng_,
lish miles. " Heights and depths alike*'
are.'merely."hidden land,, which,may
some .day be;exposed by the-mighty,
workings .of nature. ■ . -,-''
;* Meantime'' comparatively -few
changes'go on. Beneath the ocean
there are no frosts, no lightnings,'* no
glaciers, no meteorological - agents at
.work_.-_f.it were.not for,the eddieB
and the destruction and accumulation
bf animal lifo, these Atlantic hills and
valeB might rest as immutable as'the
"peaks'and craters of    the 'moon,",
where there Ib no atmosphere to cause
decay.  '    *_    .
-,*.( -
Le gouvernemont Canadlon a.d6clde
do commuer la sentence do Mme Napo-
litano a la prison pour la vie! ; Cetto
pauv,ro Italienne avait <5tQ" condamneo
a otropenduo 12 "jours apros la nals-
Bance" d'un enfant qu'ello attend dans
quelques jours. ,.. Son crlmo fStalt d'avolr tuer son marl, uno bruto qui you-
lalt I'obllgor'a bo prostltuor pour qu'll
pulsso vlvro sans travalllor,     "
' Loh soclallfltos' dea' Etats-Unis ont
adrosse des coutaines de mlllo ptStl
lions au gouvernement Camadicn ot
ellos ontreans doutoon lour part d'in
fluenco pour sauvor la vlo do cotto
pauvro mere. Cost un grand point
de gagno ot hlontlt 11 faudra ronouvo-
lev los petitions pour la falro pardon-
no ot lul pormottro d'dlever bos enfants.
, Los mficnnlclonB do la fabrlquo do
locomotives Baldwin, a Philadelphia
contlnuent lour grovo malgrd tous lon
tracas quo lour cauabnt los autorltds
do ln vlllo, Los socialistes ot Iob
momhroB do l'Unlon Industrlollo font
lour posslblo jidu*' alder los grdvistos.
Los clgaroB do 3, V, Morgan ont ltult
imucos do longuour. lis content f 1,60
clinquo, Lo lahao qui sort a los falro
ost rocoltd spdolnlomont pour Morgan
niipr-on do la Havana, Culm.—L'Unlon
do T. Charlorol, Pn,
• *  ■ v
The ,Flret British Station for tho Pur-
- ,', pose will be Built at Tilbury
i *■ 	
The Port ot London and aftorwarda
several other English ports are to
lmvo their Ellis' IslandB in ordor to
sift tho ever-increasing,tide of immigrants arriving in England, "Including
even those who aro passing through
here on tlio' way. to North America.
Evory man, woman and child arriving
thero will have to declare that ho is
nb nnarchlsl, socialist or admirer of
Bernard Shaw, that he is not a fugitive
from criminal juBtico and that ho owns
tho necessary amount of monoy„that Is
considered a guarantoo that ho will
not become n publio chargo, and only
aftor passing through thla purgatory
will lio bo turned ovor to tho tender
morcloB of tho Jews ot East End. Tho
firm British Immigration station Ib to
bo built at Tilbury al tho mouth of tho
Thames, whoro a largo shed has al-*
roady boon offorod to tho govornment,
but it will bo followod hy others at
Dover, Grimsby, Harwich, Folkestone
and Now Haven.
List of Locals District 18
20 Ilnnkhond .'..,..... F. Wheatloy, Panlihond, Alln, ,
481 llonvor Crook,,,.,., P.;Gauuhton, llonvor Crook, via Pincher
-IHI Bollovuo ..,,,, .T, Bui-lco, nollovuo, Frank, Alln, ■■   *
2101) Hlnlrmoro  11, .J. Chnso, Blnirmoro, Altn, '
... .,','. *.';*,,, j  _iu_,,   *j\ii*if nuiiti, imt tnm, Au*u,
-Wn CnrlinTidMc '.,,' ,T. II. Ilytioji, rnrlic-iJibU-,  . •.•h'U.'JJ*, Alia.
2H87 Cnrdlff  X Poolo. Cnrdlff. Alta.
1378 Canmoro , N. D. Thnoluilc. Cnnmoro, Alta.
2033 Coloman *. W. Grnlinm, Coleman, Alta.
8877 Corhln .......\,,,, Xt.Jonos,Corhln,TVC,
tinfi CYXnneXt Minn,   ....   W^ *n;;--j-,'.:.(   K-UO^   tyl,,   ,U'.-.
2178 Diamond City Charles Orban, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
2314 Pernio Thos,,Uphill, Fornio, B, C.
1303 Prnnlj.............. O. Nicol, Frank, Altn.
:2407..Ho8mor ..,.....!., W. Daldorstone, Hosmer, B. C.
10B8 Hillcrest J, O. Jonos, III)Icrost, Alta!
074 Lethbridge "L, Mooro, P. O. Box j 13, Lothbrldgo
U89 Lc.hbrldgo Collieries/Thou. Clapham, see,, via Klpp, Alls.
1933 Lille .' ,'W.U Evans, Lillo. Frank, Altn
£830 Maplo Lean.,.,,,,, >I. Ulldsy, Maplo Leaf, Bellomo, Alia.
2334 Micliel M. Dlirrell, Michel, n. O.       '
14 Monarch Mine..., Horace Woodleld, Taher, Alta.
M53 Pamburg ,.. Wm.' Cooke, Passburg, Altn.
*3689 Iloyal View ....... Thos. B, Fisher,Royal Collieries. Lethbridge. Alta
103 Tuber..., i,,. WilliamRnuel!,Taber,Alt*.
1W»' Taber ,..,;.,. ft. B. Patterson, Taber, Altn.
\   '   . ■ !
Due to the Severe Test Imposed on
Them by the Scotland Yard
London Is threntonod with a scarcity
of taxl*drlvors. It Is not bocauuo
thoro Is a dearth of caiulldaleH, or
through any -llnlm-to for tlio (Hilling,
or nny dlfllnulty In receiving Iobbohb
on driving, hut the rousou Is simply
attrlbiilablo to Uio Hovuro tent im*
posed on would-be drivers by Scotland
Yard, which c-nmpnrnllvoly fow, 'oven
after undergoing a thorough courso of
training, are ablo to .*iihh, Ily (>Htiib*
llRhlng a school of inst mo! lon at a
cost of JiU-on to $4,000 a month, tlm
Ihitiuli .Motor Cab Comimny, of Plm*
Hco, nre endeavoring to moot tho du*
maud for drivers,   Hlneo Jnnuary last
the school' has beon opon, frco of co*»t
i„    ,... *\ i. <       i   i > . in      i     <
... I  ,.-.   ......    **.  , W..., ... ,..<tft.^,.. .t.lr
sohttire of infltrnetlnn hnn hnnti xnttnt
I'omp'vio mil! thorougli. only 'A'- mai
out of 450 sent to Scotland Yard lo bu
oxnnilntil on London topography havo
pnsFied. Por tho most part tho candidates are fonnor soldiers, mrsiioiigir
boy*, and horse rah-drlvcre, and thev
uri' noi tit'low tne avorago in IntcllJ*
Information as to Proper Feeding and
'-,        Cleanliness'     '    ,
*>' _     " —— -
' A' hot meal Bhould always be given
to fowls in the morning.' Equal' parts
of sharps, bran and pea or bean meal,
with a dash of mustard, tho. wholo
made frlablo with boiling water, is a
good dally ration. Tho mixture should
novor bo wet and, stodgy, but should
fall to pieces when crumbled in tho
At midday the blrdB Bhould havo, on
alternate days n sprlnklo of grain and
aomo boiled meat—such as butcher's
wasto or lights—thrown into their
scratching Blied, which should be littered with fltraw or chaff, so that thoy
will lmvo to work for thoir meal. A
email handful of grain for each fowl Is
about tho right quantity,    ,.'
Tho, last meal should always bo
grain, and should bo glvon as near
dusk as posslblo. Grain takes a long
tlmo to dige_t, and, conBoquontly,
koopB tho birds warm during cold
nights, Wr-eat, oatB, and bnrloy nro
all good, particularly pats. Occasionally a littlo mnlzo may bo glvon, ub it
Ib heating; but as it has a tendency
to form fat, lt Bhould only bo suppliod
now and then.
Plenty of clean, frosh water in a
clonn vchhoI Bhould always bo within
roach of tho fowls, and whon It Is ro-
memborod that 70. por cont of nn ogg
Ib composed ot water, tho Importance
of supplying ".'iioui.li to birds that aro
In lay Ib, obvious. Wntor which 1ms
boon fror.cn ovor should novor bo given
to lilnlB, nor wntor Into which miow
hns fallen, on mio\v*wntor, for hoiiio In-
oxpllcablo I't-fiHon, seoms to nauHo llio
liiiiln lo wiuilo,
flani'mlou** (.limullnc-BB Bhould always hu iiiiiliitiiliitil In tho fowl-lions*',
nnd If no ilrnpplnK-hnards nrn provided
under the porr-huH, n deep layer of poat
inoflH, dry oiinh, iibIiob nr nnwilust must
ba placed Hiciv nml rcmovcil onco u
wook or no,
flooding of Colliery at PortHood, Nova
8cotla. Has Rendered It Uieleis
HALIFAX—Water from the ocean is
pouring Into a coal mine at Port Hood
at tho rate of 3,0*00 gallons a mlnuto.
The Deputy Commissioner of Mines
says there Is absolutely no hopo tor
tho mine.
DnrliiM* the IiihI mouth or six wocks
.■..uiiiu'iu-io lum* iix-vii ixnHrbiuii -rtim
"rrnt Intcvc't Mi" profrc.'** VMnj* innrtr*
on tlio new nddlttnn to tho Cnnndlnn
Pacific lliillwiiy'i* Windsor Htroot Sin*
ilon. Worh on the strur-ture hns l-ot-n
ii;olng ahead sicndlly all Winter nnd
nidi nood program hns boon made tlmt
It 1« nrnhntilf Mint lho whole lin'tliltnt'
h'IJJ    bo   <.uclt.*«i*d by the middle of
•'.llgUBt. <t
The Paper that gets there
Xf Advertising* tliat advertises is the
, sort, desired by persons seeking
■■ * publicity, for tlieir wares.
'\. (fSelecting the.medium is important—the publication 'rtHdt reaches
tlie people -—the - wage-earners—-'
should appeal to,the  discriminate
purcliaser *of space. ;       "/■'
" -   *       ■   _   '      ■      K \       , * . ■
(f Its an« easy matter to acquire
space in a paperbut its another
point to get adequate returns from
the outlay.    '■;'.-.'.'
(f Adyertisemerits that: sell goods
..>'-are','the ads that change_Qften_ancL_
make interesting reading; from time
to. tinier giving facts and figures.    ){
(f Any arrangeinient of type -matter
and words in a paper is not adver-
' tising. A wiell written and neatly
displayed aci is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered.,, Discover your business with the, use of Printers Ink.
1 ,   ' *    ■ •
i      * ,     r      '
% Get acquainted with your customers,* meet them weekly through
tlie columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way to-
. 'wards being a success.
% Let thc new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
tf'The District Ledger has tlio
largest circulation in tho Pass and
Hhould bo your spocial medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try«
can't toll until you try.
How's Tlilg?
li  !
W« offft Om lluiiilft'd potUff TttettX tot nnr *
cum nl (inUrrb that uniiol __« wrrd by 11.11 • *
fiirnrrh Oir^, '
**■. 3. CHUN It V * CO,, Tolfrtd, O, ,
W*. th* umbnliniMl, b*v« known Y. J, l.limrr
lor im Uit II mr», *ni! htilKtv* dim prrfcrtty turn-1
uulil; lit M liiuWcii Uiinattlow imJ, Uium.1,.11*/
*W« te f»rrr out m <.l.llp»ttorn n»*t l<r Xttt linn.
H*ne»u, n*tXK et Omtntrt.
ToUdo, Oh*-*..
n»n'i C*mxtrtL rnn U ukm tat*miiir. antat
aintiiy uno* im Mo*l tud muiwut tnuturr* at iiw
 -   Trtl '
rHlmodUI. vnt (nt,   vnt* j j. -rmu per
 tu, .,
(or MMtUptUdd.
bottU.   (LliA try tit I;
uu hilui ntoiy ini
Complete Job department
Address all communications lo
The District Ledger
_____ *.-t- --._*.
-   "i.     s   *- **■-    "l
**-_\--. ■
■ V    **,.
..; i         —**»w"wb—■*»
c"t-if*^r'":'*'tl"K4J;7 :*r---W'."
- _f^;t^V^v4,iv0^.,'\:
- ',--"'*' '"b-.c*'-*■.•„"»> svt;-?-^,-
"*. :' ,. "-*=*, 7.,'-"'*sf-'J*-'"7* 7 \
,,:'t^* ",'*:■?*
i' \-'-'L _■ ■*'- :y fSr-^i. A=.vy.~i 77
*.A* ". w - *,
■ .
' - ■. 11 -*■ - i,-*_____..
„\-.Mr. and Mra. Joe Letcher are hack
.from Spokane after a ten days' <trip. '
*>Miss'Evelyn Biggs, ot.thispfHce, Is
confined'to her- home. , this;.!-Week
through illness.      '-*'""■ -■
; 7-J H. Doberiner has left for the prairie
'provinces and is reported as being per-
;numently-located..'    - >v    ''77
, 'Mr% Little, of the , Regna-Leader,
was ih town last week, and made a
call at the Ledger Office."'
Mr.-and Mrs: Joe Wood "arriyed in
the" city last week from :Winnipeg oh
a visit fto his, parents..     -.,-_ :_:
. -,Mr and.Mr^E.;Marsham and Willie
left on the 24th for Spokane and Seat;
tie for a two"*weeks" -"vacation. •'""
Alderman;J., W. Robertson' was up
•to Cranbrook on1 city business oh Tuesday last. HiB son Basil accompanied
him.    * .. .    ■;• -.    '    -'•■'-.   *■'   '"'
. . Alex. McCool, proprietor of the Northern Hotel at New .Michel, was in
-town on business over.Tuesday.  ,■
Miss Allen, stenographer for Ross, Mc
Donald and Lane, left Wednesday even
-. ing for Calgary for two weeks' holiday.
, Miss Etta Kirkpatrick arrived home
.last, week after spending a months'
holiday, at Vancouver with her brother,
- A new cement walk around the
Carosella Block, now in course of construction,*, adds to the appearance of
that b_sy comer.      ,' ,,    " ,    r'
: Ed. Kummer,is busy plastering and
repairing the inside'walls of the Ceri-
trial Schools Covert and Bauldryare
to do the painting.       *•_-'-    . ";,   *•
On Augusti*6th, arifle contest will
be held*'In',Fernle;between the Civilian .Rifle "Association; of Pernie*. and
Hosmer. , -It" is very*;important. ■ that
cur-boys should.'get busy'on-the range*
otherwise they may have to suffer defeat. '71' ' ■"''•'V _"•?']■-'- . *•
- *     **{',"*. -  ,    <*,
A, word  to-.the wise should,    be
enough. ., .*,   -v.*- - -       *.-'-■■
,At the Fernie Opera House on Tuesday evening ?50 in gold was again
distributed, two fives and four tens—
'six lucky ones going away happy.
»  Rev. J., II. White, D.D., Superinten*
dent of Methodist Missions for B. C, .
will preach, in the Methodist Church
next Sunday morning at 11 o'clock.
Young Fernie will be alive to-mo"_
row when a contingent, of the Y.M.A.
A. start for a v short • sojurn on tne
Lizards. We believe the rations question lias been a source of considerable
anxiety to * the - boys "Ind that they
have been busy all the week making
enquiries and collecting commissattat.
It has been suggested, that as the
young men in question possess quite
ordinary appetites that the G. N. track
might be utilized to prevent anything
in ^he shape of shortage This office
will, of course, be represented. '
Bob Webb, who has been with the
Pollock Wine Co. for some time, leaves
for Gateway, where lie will take over
tlie Royal Hotel at that place, buying
•out Geo. Vincent."   - >
*, ■
' We are told that owing' to indusn-i.il
conditions that the Imperial Bank
.-Branches at' New Michel and Michel
will open only for three days a week,
commencing August lst.
.1. T. Giddings and Peter. McLean
have arrived back to town, having
completed, the erection of several cottages for the C.P.R. along** the Crow,
and for which Archie '-McLean had
•contracted.       .    " -.
Bert Whimster started Wednesday
] evening via C. ,P. R. for Hector, B. C,
onthe "main line, near Field, where he
will join the Alpine Club to tour the
Highest peaks.and have a good time.
'Bert .is..the only,representative from
along the Crow. ■'
,' On Tuesday, July 25th,' Nellie, the
infant daughter of Mr and Mrs. Robt.
Wright, of West Fernie, age 15 months.
The funeral took place* on Wednesday from the undertaking "parlors cf
Messrs. Thompson-and Morison. Rev.
D. M. Thomson, delivering the funeral
oration."' ,    . ■
X   -.
„ ■• .Mr.   Rockett,   of  Vancouver,   B.C1.,
' was1'in town on Thursday evening in
connection  with the   coming   Young
!' People's * Christian' Endeavor Convin-
gave an interesting talk at .the Baptist
Rich American Marriages
A short married life an' an onhappy
wan is their motto. Off with th' old
lovo an''on with th' new, an' off with
that. "Till 'death us do part,' says' the
preacher—"Or th' jury,", whispers th'
blushin'*, bride.'
■" On "Rights."
But don't ask fr rights. Tak thim.
An' don't let anny one give thim to
ye.* *A right that is handed to ye-f'r
nawthin' has somethin* th' matter with
it. It's more.likely it's only a w.rbng
turned inside'out. , ,-; «
"  Woman Suffrage        *
No wan iver got his' rights fr'm* a
pblisman, an' be th' -same token there
ar-re no rights worth'..havin'.,.that".a
polisman can keep ye'fr'm gettin'.
Wurrk arid Pain ■-{■■■■ -
to think iv it that' th'. less' money a
. Fernies date' indicator is the lst of
August, i908. Three years prior to
that .date1 John H. Lock, in search of
anew location, reached this town and
decided to establish- himself in his
chosen1 profession of painter and decorator.' Between 1905 and 1908 he built
up" a splendid business, bur on the
ever memorable August lst he Bhared
the fate of the rest of the community,
only saving such material1 as he" had
with him at the time in Michel,' where
he was engaged at work, painting, decorating and renovating Thomas Cra-
hans well-known hostelry.
As quickly as possible after the" fire
he obtained the necessary tools, paints,
etc.,.and of course during the period
of reconstruction ho was * kept' exceedingly busy.. Many of,the-principal buildings of Fernie bear evidence
pf the excellence of his hardlwork,
among these may be mentioned Trites-
Wood, Fernie, Napanee . and Royal
Hotels, Banks of Commerce and Hamilton, P. Burns Co., Eckstein,-Johnson,
Falconer, Todd' and other ' principal
blocks. " o, ,    .       ,     " '. ,
' In addition to the enjoyment of. a
full shave of local patronage his services were quite frequently engaged
[tor out of town contracts.,-' At Wardner he had the painting anil decorative
work of P.' Lunds, palatial residence'.
At Michel he had.the contract for'the
Trites Wood Co. at their new branch
Although one might naturally expect one engaged in his line of work
would be short winded, yet as a sprinter and all-round athlete John Lock
can hold his own' with some of the
best of the.younger element.
We understand that he has decided,
after six* years residence in Fernie,
during which time he has made "a host
of, friends, to take a change of scenery
and look up anew,location, but where
ever he may settle down one thing is
sure,' as a man and. a craftsman he will
soon make his presence well and favorably known. '_,,'
' It is"his intention'to.make a stay
at Banff.for a couple of weeks and try
the, curative properties of .the waters
so famous for .'dispelling the rheumatic
pains.  :'''-' '
' His many' friends are. sorry to see
him -leave-but-wish-_im*-*_ooa_uckTY.
matter where' he goes, . ,
"Probably, no .Announcement. of7the
season. Vlll*. be ^received   witlf ,-;inore
plee'pui. able- aijUcipatlon oa the . part
of'.the 'theatregoers of this city than
tha.j. ■ ot UKe .cording'' of "The^, S^uaw
Man "'^whichLCl£rence'Ben_eU^
will, present ."at ."The- Grand Theatre,
.ernie oh Saturday''night''July * iVl-i
■   This, well known ;Amerio tai'"play; 'li*!-?
alt.ac'y to its credit runs ol great, len-
g*-.**" .'aI WallackNr Theatre,' jfJe*./'"\ ork;.
t'^o I'i.i dis Theatre, Chic-aij; and "sW
7e.ss'i vl ^engagements in ail the principal'cities of the' Unitedv States, aiid
Europe.*     .!. c ..,*-*•'' \' -"    "' ■ ■. JrJ'J^'.7
,, "The Squaw Man",is'from the pen of
Edwin Milton.;'Jt6yle..f.The flratact
discloses to view Maudesley Towe,rs,"
the English country home of the Earl
of Kerhlll.... The second1 act'transpires
In the'Long Horn Saloon, Maverick!
Wyoming, J rind here, is shown what Is
regarded,by every one who has seen
the'play,, as one of the most'typical
reproductions of a bar room In the
early dayrs of the" west. *'     7
', Th©7third act is laid at Jim Car-
ston's ranch at Green River, Wyoming..     .    ;   '   *     "      _■ y:.
The company which Clarence Bennett
and-Co will send" to this city will be
one of exceptional merit, made up of
Metropolitan players; several of whom
were so contributory to the remarkable success of the.attraction during
Its long-run in the east.      '   >'
."; Mrs..,ProudIock,j-Hi8 tried^at'iCuaJa
-Lumpur! the chief toTO-'of Selanloi.,-^
BritishJ!,protectof ate^ in, ;Malay!'' before
a!-Judge! -°t tl*e' sHP!t .^"vCWft- o'f-the
Straits - Settlements^; (aa'\Engii's_r{ba.
riste'r) and two assessors, for the-murder .of, Mr. William,.Crozi-er, Steward!"a
min*a manage/, whom "she "sKo^with^ia
revolver* at her-house Ion th^evening
of Sunday, April.%'.^;',!..,-A'!!'.'.. "!
:-During her husband's absence it was
proved Mr,' Steward* came to the house.
He and'Mrs;,Proudlock4!*were together
on the yerandah,
OrS.yyy- rJ-'-r- Yy Y-iY *? 16 YWi'-^ rY^j^>:
Her ,'case was {that
he .attempted a gross[i outrage,* and!
that "in defence. of her honbrsh© used
the '^revolver, .*, not., re'alizlngrv:exactly
what.she was doing.*'..'The^prosecu-
tion,endeavoring/to throw^doubt,on
this defence, suggesting,that Mr. Steward' .called by, appointment .arid relied
upon ,the fact that the lady,followed
Mr. Steward when, on, belngwounded
he ran into the garden1 and,there discharged further shots at himi.'as showing that she had exceeded* the necessities of, self-preservation. '*'.'*•- - -,-.
•uSIx" bullets fired .from the revolver,
a six-chambered weapon, were found
In the-body." -Much Importance was
attached to the fact that Mr.'Steward
was Btill wearing his! mackintosh when
he was killed. Mrs. Proudlock's appeal to' the Sultan was" for pardon'.
Alberta Federation of Labor
Church here, illustrating  by   lantern man gets fr his wurruk,.th* more nicis-
slldes, the nature of. the world-wide
.work being can-led on by die young
people. J
In connection with the Regina Fair,
■ ■ which  opens  to-day   (Saturday)   the
printers of that progressive city are
taking an active part in demonstrating
the great possibilities and achievements of the Printer's Home for Con-
1 sumptives at , Colorado Springs, Col.
■ Regina typoB have given considerable
time and attention to this feature, and
tt ls to be hoped that others of that
organization may follow their example
along these line?,
What further ovidence is wanted
for the' futuro of Fernio than the
fact that owing to the increasing work
Imposed,upon tlio local senators it
was -found nocessary on Thursday
night to vote oach member of tho
council a! flvo spot. (Wo should'have
fowor absentees now.) No doubt the
many improvements In drainage nnd
tho numerous city works, including
tho park, Is tho causo of this small remuneration to our local chamber,
, It Is a groat pity that tho Minoworkoi'B
cannot find so slmplo a moans of
Bottling thoir dlBputo—but wo presume
that Socialism Is tho bottom of lt—wo
will ask our co-torn, ■
sary it is to'th' wurruld that be shud
go on wurrukin'.
Th' way, to'make'afman useful to
th' wurruld is to give. him a- little
money an* a lot iv wurruk. An' 'tis
th' only way to make him happy, too.
A- mustard-plaster, Hlnnlssy, .Is th'
rale test iv whether a pain is goin'
to kill ye or not.' . If tho plasther ls
onbearable, ye can bet th' pain under
neath it Is not.
Things Spiritual '
How can I know annythlng whin I
haven't puzzled out what I am myself?
To me I am a million Dooleys, an' all
iy tbim,. Bthrangers' to MB. I plyer
know which wan iv thim is comln' in.
John D, Rockefeller
It might remain in incompotlnt
hands if he dln't got it. 'Twud he
a shamo to lave It whore It'd be mis*
threntod, He's a kind of a society fr
th' provlntion of croolty to money.
If ho finds a man misusing bis monoy
ho takes It*away fr'm him an' adopts
BORN   ,    '
To Mrs. Julia (Froo Prosa) July 20,
nlno healthy ■ children.   Mothor   nml
family doing woll. ' thvnor woll satis-
fled.   Soo Salos column,
Mount  Royal
Classen Open Sept 1911
Fur (.nlt'iM..*)- niul iirirllKiilni'M wrlto'
0. W, KI-.I.IIY, IJ,A„       I'i'liiclpnI.
finvmmont flmrtor, T<1 .-fit locntluii.
HHirr of hlKhoHt Haliolai'Hhlp nnrt nxpnrl-
(iticn, Tionnltorlou ,nlnnH rnninw nnrt
rtlnlnH* hnll oqullipert and riii'i.lBlieil tlio
very I'cwt, Now IjuIIiIIuk.
C.ourMc of Nlnily
I'ronnrnlnry, ToiioIipi'h, llnlvci'Hlly
MnlrlRiilnllnn, Roynl .Mllltnry .ollr-Kn,
nlvll HorvlCii, two yi-nrH liiirtfii'-Knuluutti
wurli, Tviiowi'ltlnir, (.'nnniM'viitoi'jr of
"Miii-lo, Mnniinl niul 'IVnlmlrnl 'I'l'nlnlnff,
IIouhvIioIiI Hnli'iinn nml Art, DiyMlciil
(!iilttirn nml MvprimilnTi. Finn Artn,
..nill*'-**' Onllffrii fJmii-Hii, Hpnolnl Courno
fnr 1*<iyH.
When the seamen'started their great
strike for better pay and^better conditions many of their friends thought of
it, and spoke of it," as a gallant but
hopeless effort,. As a French general
said of the charge of the Light Brigade
it was magnificent,, but lt was not
war. Sailors wore such a scattered
and shifting folk and tho dlflcultles In
the way of their permanent organization were so great that it was difficult
to see how they could hope to win In
a struggle with the close phalanx of
the ship owners', combination. At
most, it was thought tho striko would
serve to advertise the objects of Trade
Unionism, among Bailors, encourage
thom to stand by one another, and on-
able thom to build up a bottor organization for their next fight,
And now tho strike Ib succeeding far
boyond tho wildost hopes of tho most
sanguine, The men havo rallied to
tho call of tho Union with remarkable
loyalty. Thb leadership of Mr. Havelock Wilson and Mr, Tom Mann has
boon brilliant, Tho rank and fllo hnvo
been encouraged by tho Initial buccoss
ln fording tho ownors of tho groat
mall and pnssongor llnors to como to
lorniH, Tho ownoi'B of trampn . nnd
long-voyngo enrgo vossols aro noxt being denlt with, nnd already tho pressure 1ms bocomo bo groat that tho
Liverpool Hlilp owners havo- decided
Hint, ovory firm shnll bo nt liberty ,to
mnko whnt terms lt plcnscs with tlio
Ronmon'H nnd (Howards' Unions. This
moniiH, In effect, tho hrenkdown of tho
Shipping Fotlonillon, llio fighting or-
Rnnlznllon of tho ownors. Tlio boo-
mon iniifll, wninmbor Ihnt If llioy nro
to hold what thoy hnvo won thoy must
Htnnd toKothcr,—-HoynolilH',
To, all Trades.and Labor * Councils,
Central,Labor Bodies and,Local Labor
UnionsJn'the Province of Alberta, Affiliated with The' Trades ahd!'aLbor
Ccngres's of'Canada:—'* *' - *  ,
Greeting. -.     ,,* * -
The'Alberta Executive Committee of
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, in''response Tto the numerous requests "for the formation of a Provincial Federation* of-Labor,'hereby calls
to Convention''all Trades'and Labor
Councils,' Central Labor Bodies and
Local,Labor Unions eligible .or affiliation;' said, convention to be held'at
Calgary during the meet of the Trades
and Labor Congress in that city.'. We
suggest that..you!provide your dole/tat-,
es appointed to attend the Trades and
Labor .Congress with .credentials signed by'the'-President" and Secretary,"
also 'bearing' the" Seal of the Union
or., Council.* ^ This '"will be in addition
to the " credentials necessary to attend-the Congress:'' "*'*" _> .7*.}.'
We; believe',.the.-time is. 'opportune
foi* tW formation of aii Alberta Federation of;Labor'to.i)ervorked along lines
Federation "of Labor'./'      ' ■    .-
The object of.thV hew organization
is to bring orgarilzej|,Jiabor in this Province-into" a,closer^ .'relationship1 than
has been the case irithe past and Us
policy will be^ that^agreed upon by its
entire membership!..._
.•ft should be apparent to all building
craftsmen of'the' need for a closer and
better!understanding with all the various crafts in the. iiifferent cities of
the Province, what with the subtle attempts to establlBbT'the OPEN SHOP
principle all over the West.   '
M matters of legislation we would
draw your attention to the fact that
the government Is;more likely to con-
slder the claims of some ton thousand
trade unionists who were prepared to
back up their demands with ■" thoir
votes:,_ * , n
If you want Trade Unioniom to ad-
vanco and make your position better
In matters of superior working conditions you will fall into line and do
your Bharo- of the work to bo done,
Whilo wo havo takon upon oursolves
the responsibility of, calling tho convention, wo would lmvo lt understood
the Alberta Exocutlvo will cense to
tnko further part aftor tho new organization, has boon formed! which Is
guaranteed full nnd comploto autonomy by, tho Trndos and Labor Con
gross nnd can work, out Ito own destiny.
■'' (Signed),, ,
0. 1IOWBLL, Cnlgary.
.   " • D. McNADB, Lothbrldgo,
*  W. Symonds, Lothhrl,dgo
Provincial Vlco-Preflldont
Provincial VIco*Prosldent
Exocullvo Commltteo for Alborta
Trades nnd Lnbor CongroBB.
. BUTTE, Mont.,, July 24.—The,, Boy
Scout movement was denounced,in em-
phatic°terms at.the'convention of the
Western Federation of Miners, Saturday, ' A resolution which was adopted
contained3 the information, .thatJ the
movement' was "a" pious"*: fraud, inculcating' obedience   befitting ' flunkeys.
The resolution,was as follows:        ' •
." **•   - •«.
"That we - condemn .» in  ■ strongest
terms', so-called Boy Scout movement
as a mere pious'^r'aud1'by, which the
youths of the, nation, are * drilled into
principles of 'slavish obedience to superiors; befitting 'flunkeys, but' wholly
unbefitting American citizens, and into
a -spirit of militarism which tends to
incite and foster , the' willingness' to
shoot,''maim and murder-"their 'fellow
men. at tho behest of the master class
under the* cover of a"* corrupted spirit
of so-called-patriotism.'';*- '_,* ■       -•
• - "We denounce theVprl'nciples, of, the
Boy" Scout movemetft: as wholly fallacious, unsocial and degrading'in-character and we brand tlie movement-it-
self.as a capitalistic infainy-wljich has
as its objective the .Tearing "of.' boys
who. in7.coming -years will-be supple
slaves and ^willing hirelings', of the capitalistic sectioned murder men,'.widows'
find orphans, the children of the.working^ class; who shall be,struggling*',for
economic, freedom."   .    ',"
The Store bf; GoodWaluiesW
:. .1,
i"', - , -    .       ■ . •,     r,      '     *    &* ,-,--*'
=  Saturday and Monday
■' 'f*"'"1 ;-"-;'-' •>' -. .'"    -.    -;V"-; ,",":V" %';'*:''
{"        '   ■** ' ■■       ■•        . -' >*      ■-        -        ',■'.'"
■'   Your-dollars have the biggest purchasing, power
here. . Take advantage !of the sjpecial values offer- ■
ed for Saturday selling'and.save-,_ioney.7    °" ■'*   '.
Alberta Government Creamery .Buttter, 3 lbs
. -    - -       '  v'      '•    ' '- •■■
'• for      - . ■. -     •
'n    " '" ','.   ■   *   * , H
Finnan Haddie. 2, tins for .."..'.....- :
,   ,       •- -'■,.•_'.
Shredded Wheat, 2 pkts for
, 2 oz. Flavoring Extracts' .
Sherriff's Jelly Powders,.4 pkts, for*.
- Concord* Sardines. 2 tinsfdr ....'. \.\.
, ,**
,B. C. Pure Cane Sugar, 20 lb.*sack ."..;
2 lb. tins Table Syrup '.. ::...'.'.'.'..'. ...r   10c.
5.-lb., tins Table■ Syrup ,..! 7...... !'-.*';....-' 25c*
. 3 lb. pkts. "Washing Powder .-..'.;..'......'.
Cake Iceings, per pkt, ,*,..'.. !*...-: :*..; •.'...
Combination Shoe Dressings,. Black',. Tan,
'•'■White, each ,.-. .r.{'.-:_..-. _. '..,,... *. _.....'.'.
,,Fruit Jars, Pints,' per dozen** :'.. .*.V.*'.,
■ Fruit Jars,'quarts, per,"dozen0. .'.J	
Colgate's Toilet-Soap, regular.40c 'and' 50c.
per, box-........'.-.'.';.-. .'!>;-......   .;......
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins* for ...!.;:	
,  ,85c.
■  , 15c 1" * *
$1.25 ;
'20c, ;,*
75c! "
a \
• <>Y
. . _       *   -     -»,-.-
■•        i •    '- ..■■-■   5   „*i    •
^delivered , to, :\all  !
' "•' /'''   -■'"- 7 -'  y'
parts of the town   ■
1 Night Only, Saturday, July 29th
To Rent
ies, tho Ki'oatRHl*, f!.ama_in Iiii, nf .lio ppntnrv ^
Sn 1 in Tier
Clarence Bennett's
Record Breaker
By Edwin Milton Raj-i*.  A Stirrtnf Amcricu Drama la Four Great Acta
Prices,'  Children 25c  AdultuSOc  Rttemd S«U 75c and |!,00,
Plan at fAtttan'a Utttg Stere
Kilwnrd Flu I Iod ro, Arllmr Cnrtlldgo,
Tlonry rrnydoclc, Polor LnncnBtor nnd
JnmoB r.nncti8tor, cllmliod tlio hlghoHt
point of iho "Tlirco SIstcrB" on July
23rd, 11)11.
LoftvlnR Pornlft at a" n.m. nnd gnln*
Inir tho top nt 12.30 p.m.
In n mound built of broken rock nt
tho top wiib found a Rlnsa bottio with
pnpor InBldo, upon which v/a* wrltton:
"July nth, 1910.—Bert Whlimrtar,
C. C. HolmoB, N, Pr Rlto; 1% hn. from
Cnn you bont M.!n.
"Wo did not proBiimo wo wor*9 climb-
In*? agalntt tlmo,"' aald n mombor of
tho quintet, "but would venture to
«oy that wo nre prepared to beat.'tlmt
tlmo by nt lonut 'one hnnr Tn thr.
climb up thoro aro but two risky places
to encounter. Apart from these, a
porson of nvorngo strength with hood.
■plnd can mako the top In about seven
GROUND FLOOR  and  Base*
ment Miners' Union Hall, HIII-
■i. IX     )
crest, Alta.   Concrete Basement
40 x 30; Mnln'Building 80 x 30; ■
choice location for General Store
i> i*
(cash business preferred).   For
particulars    apply    to
John Taylor
Reo.-Bee, Hlllorest. Alta.
pS4th Btntenet en Woman Who Shot
Mine Manager Commuted
The sentence of death la the case
of the -mtHsbwoniai^ Mra. Ktbsl Mar
bel Proudlock. haa been comrauted,
says the Dally M»H correipo&dent at
Glanaporo, and further fonslderatlon
by the Sultan Ih Council Is pendlnjr.
Second Hand
Furniture Store
Uifrhocl Pri. ric DnJrl
"!o!!Uwi   t M.u*.   i uiu
For Secondhand Furniture, Stoves,
Tools, etc., also Ladles' and Qsntie-
men's Csit-off Clothes.
t'<«_c.nair.ttar-oer Outfit tor Sale.
"At''"65c—i-For ages '2 tQ^ "years inade fr6m'''goo"d'
Prinfkd1 Cambrics an_ plain and fancy Chaiiibrays.'
There'-are a variety ** of style's, all are good; •>• * -.
.' ' '•- „ .,'» ' , , " s \ ', - - ■ • yzV - - -, ■ ■
At TBc.^Sizes 2 to 8 years; made from plain and
cheeked .Chambrays,.', trimmed/-with strappings of _-
. harmonizing shades, perfectly, fitting1 little Dresses 7
and easily worth double this-price.   ",    *   *.*;.* - -n
, '    ' * '' *   ""'.        - 1*1 ■
-    -• - *   • ""•• ' -    ,   ,.,-.-.    7.",     *.    '>J        '        •"
At 95c—-;Sizes 2 to 9 years, in plaited short'waist '
effects, of durable English Drills;" colors: White,
.Cadet and Navy.   .     , , "■^-' 7 -■ •"■     A  '' •,„    '* ,
■ •' At $1.00-*-~Sizes 10 to 14 yews, wade with Dutch
necks and half length sleeves; in White with'fiue,
,, Blue hairline stripes; a great bargain for $1.U0 >'-
t _ i . -    t. - •   i
r,      )
At $1.35—Sizes 4 to 14: years." For p, variety of .
styles, i including the Sailor Blouse and Plaited '
Skirt effects.       '   .      y" '     ^   ,'1"-'- '.   ■-'■ '
At $1.60—Sizes 8 to 18 years, in'fancy Ginghams'
and in" combinations bf plain ancl checked Cham* n
brays.    Many of theso dresses aro prettily trimmed with embroidery and all aro well made and' exceptionally good .fits. .7.
White Waist Special
At 65c—Prettily embroidered, elbow sleeves;
a waist that is Hold\froqucntly, at $1.00
At 05c— Kmbroidorcd Swiss and Nainsook
Waists! tlioso nro regular $.1,50 waists, only about
five dozen now in hand; sixes 32 tq 42.
At $1.25.—Theso Waists,aro regular values front
$1,75 to $2.50; (horo aro ovor 25 different designs,
all of whicli aro good, ( TIiIh is suroly the bent
blotiRO vnluo you havo over boon offorod,
1 * * *
Bur supplied -with Uie beet Winee,
•      '   Urjnore and Clgora s>
KHru it is, Waiting fer II
FOIt aALB—Oarden produce, Ilhu-
barb,«to. Jos. Loonard Alias. (45-St-tp
22 Acres Fruitland*
'Jf   A.' .,,   ^A
TOB1BNT.—Tbre.wo^ed tlontWh'     at   ElkltlOtlth
Riverside Avenue, West Fernie; $10 •
uiouUi,  Jo", loatxnxx. AIUu.     (4-J-Sl.p
FOIt SALB-Tiree dowa larlxif
lien.' youoc aad hsaUby, Apply, 0»
CnkBt, IMtt er Of floe, .   1-tj;
A.  Ol
PAftly cloarcd and roiuly for
planting ont Good stream
of puro wator on property;!
•Easy term.. Addre&._ A.J.R
District. Ledger, Fernio, B.C,
for parttcularB.


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