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The District Ledger Apr 15, 1911

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Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District N0.I8.U, M, W. of A...
•Tn-*,
, B. C. y?
Political "Unity is Strength
'Vol IV.No.
"71
i
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 15,1911.
$1.Q0. A YEAR
■4   ,
_. r. e'   .
BOARD
WIRY UNDER THE LEMIEUX
ICElSMETa1
□□a'
=G0¥EEJM1IE_!
FTr. VTrZ
SITUATION
DAY BY DAY
Gonditions as they Really
VAre--Every Person in
Good Mood'   .
^  ■ On Monday it was learned that the
fire bosses or    Alberta,,had .held a
meeting at .Frank on. Sunday and as ii
result thereof five of their "number had
been delegated to confer with' the executive ,of District 18 with a view.'to
•the discussion  of matters "of ,impor-
tanceboth"to themselves and-the mine
workers, but as the members oif the
District were" scattered^ over the entire territory Involved, no reply could
be given fixing, a date for a .'conference,     No doubt the subject to be
,' considered will.be,debated at an'early
.. date and' particulars -* of, the" meeting
will- be * reported, In*, these" columns.' •*
On'Monday a whole day's session
was held at Frank by the yarious, members of the,**Western Coal Operators'
Association, Including Mr/. W. R. Wilson, the newlyVappolnted] manager pf
the Crow'.'*. Nest, Pass Coal • Co., but
.nothing' could, be.-gleaned as to, what'
(   had been "done, but no doubt weighty
. matter's .had; engrossed ..their'-'- atlen-
*,*"tioiras*tIi«~Bession~'wasTiin—exception*^
'* ally'long* onc.:and it was evident that'
any
J.' D. McNiven" had not received
intimation'from either party .'to the
controversy when*-this-'was  written'.
*'  ; Secretary -A J. Carter received word
,-that  -the    International    had    sent
" 'Mes'tirs. Fa"n-lngton*ana'MorIn*wlth full
powors,to act and aid the District in
the* exlstlng_ difficulty, and  were''on
■■'their-way out.     ._** ■   . *..
Tuesday—W. R. Wilson, tho now
manager of the Crow's Nest PasB Coal
Co. returned from tho operators' conference at Frank, but;. Btalod that he
had nothing for publication, as lt wns
necessary that he should take 'if general survey of the .ntlre situation.
Clom Stubbs phoned from Bellevuo
announcing his return from Indiana-
polls.
, Operator*-: wired McKenzie King as
por copy .of telegram:
"Mr. J, C. McNiven hos handed tho
"Wostorn Coal Operators' Association
' copies of your telegrams dated April 3
and 7,   *Fro in tho tenor of your tele-
grams nnd press ropoi-ts of your remarks In tlio Iioubo on Friday, wo fool
that, you aro not' fully Informed aa to
tho action taken.by tho oporators, ' At
' tho conforonco hold  In Calgary on
March 23, when It was found an agreement seemed Impossible the operators
proposed that all matters In dispute be
submitted to a board of arbitration for
final adjustment offering to bind themselves to'accept "as final and be bound
by and decision arrived at by the
board. Meantime the mines were to be
operated and the miners to work arid
any 'decision arrived at to be applicable from,, April. ' "This proposition*
was. immediately" refused by the miners and 'While It, remained, open the
miners refused to accept the-same.
We, have* not* caused a lockout, having
kept the mines open for,work, but the
miners have struck in violation of the
act    ,*'" ' •"    " ,<*-
"We have always been willing and
eager for any board that would assist
in - a' settlement or make the-'public
.fully .'aware of the real situation.'. Considering the proposition .we have already made, "offering" full arbitration:
we', ore "of the opinion that we have
gone as far as we can in'the matter.
Should the miners .make application
for a board we would .welcome tlie
same, failing their doing so we court
the fullest-; investigation by any court
you may, appoint' '-• '""
„ $197,000 pald'out to-day by the C.N.P
Coal Company to their late' employees
at Fernie,' Coal Creek and Michel. -.
'• There was but'little drinking iridulg-
ed'-in, about tho,only evidence of the"
amount disbursed was the Increased
attendance * at. the' Grand Theatre and
the Fernie Opera House1 to'see the
moving pictures/     '-7;'   '   : ",'   ",
Wednesday—Upon calling at the
City Police Station-and enquiring of
Chief Clerke If hny exhuberant''spirits
had "fallen'"' Into the, net, he Informed
"«5^hatTth"ei-e",waB"^"Tiothing~doing—at"
all, and " tbfit-. he' had." not a.single
case of arrest to report so far resulting from pay day excess," and the only
breach of the law was that of a man
named-Walsh for relieving another Jn-
'dlvidual of-'7 or 8- dollars.
' "-"A's an lh'uatri)itlon*of'tne law-abiding
character of the clttzens'-of tills tov/n
the entire, police force consists of a
"chief, a day and night man and a
gaolpr, while the representatives of tho
provincial government are a chief constable and a gaoler.   n     ' , '  ,
■     ■  - NOTICE -
1 ^   1.l '   _    ' "" ' ' ' ' ' *•
,. AIL, members are advised* not to accept-employ ment
on any .construction work at any of-the. Western Coal Operators Association mines before receiving the; approval of the
Executive'Board.,     ...   •a""., vV*
Tutti i.membri sono avyisati di non accettare il lavoro di
edstruzioni; degli operatori di minere del'Ovest fincheoin ordine
hon sia' emanto dalla giunta essecutiva.     * '     ■-.-:..
// v ,Vsetcy Mova su liijoredomeny stat od prace napravania
ktora sa tika zapadnicli uheluch spolocnosty pokim nedostanu
ppclzvolenia od tabule prace. j ,„„  .
/' -iy- Ked potreiba ete hejakie visvetlena hlaste sapri domacich
predstavenich abo v-basopise. \ ■'   \
DRAGON—PIGEON
Tho boxing contest on Monday night
In the Fornio Opora Houso ls on the
minds of many a foregone conclusion,
bocauso of the Inequality of tho principals. "How can a 'Pigeon' got away
with a 'Dragon'-, unless tho former ls
n 'bird who can transposo himself Into
a St. George, In which caso a dlfforont
result could bo oxpoctod,,
1 Wlillo his namo ls "Pigeon," ho ls
snld tb bo as light as a bird on tho
wing In his movomont, nnd tho only
drag-on tho other man In ono of cog-
nomon—-honco a lively tlmo Is cortaln. *.*
under the.act the-government would
conduct" an Investigation-of its own
to find out who was right and who
wasv wrong in the . present dispute".
In "view of the fact that a new manager
was taking'.charge at the Crow's Nest
he thought It.oijly fair to give him an
opportunity to settle the strike, ",so' it
had been-decided to allow,him until
.Monday-.next *to..use his influence to
that end. "■ If: by- that time nothing
was ■ accomplished".,the. government
would-.appoint*.a board... -^    7,
' Mr. Rhodes (Cumberland; ,N. S.) ask-
.eu_j__the^MlDistei_wo£_J_iaboiuthought
that the-Investigation'act was for the
purpose' of the entertainment of • tho
public or to give information. . When
Mr.. Lemieux "was Minister, of Labor,'
said Mr.;Rhodes, he used"to say that,
the act was for the benefit of the
public. Tho member,.-for .Cumberland
wished to know- whether the Minister
of Labor believed'that the contention
of men. was legally tenable, namely
that they had been,working under a
contract and that therefore tho act
did not apply to them.
Mr. Kliig replied that this was a
legal point which he would not care
to discuss at present. , Bosidos- any
opinion expressed by hlm would not
bo a cause for nctlon or a bat- to action
In the courts"
"If the statute Is .designed for benefit, and' protection'of the public, can
it be possible that the government has
no, Idea , what the statute means?"
asked Mr. R. L. Borden.' ' -
To this no reply was forthcoming
from members" of the government, and
the question,was dropped for a moment to-be raised again later In the
. ,      **. -•
afternoon.. 7'\.
Mr. Rhodes said that the Industrial
Disputes Act had met with wholesale
condemnation from practically all, the
miners of-Nova Scotia • He believed
that'that" act should be "repealed'or
'Mr. Crosby—You. are shifting your'
ground. *   .
Mr. King having devoted some time
to eulogizing the w6rk of the Labor
Department; Mr. Blain (Peel) objected
to the time of the House being taken
up "so often and at such great, length
by the Minister' of Labor presenting*
compliments to himself. Thei minister's sole theme of conversation 111 cr
out of the House' was his achievements
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION
Thero was another phase of the
question of the subject of industrial
accidents, not mentioned in the'resolution before' the House, to whicli the
Minister said he would like to direct
attention., Reference had been made
to the fact that compensation for industrial accidents was only obtained,
as a rule as the result of civil action.
It was worth while considering whether there was not a necessity for
remedying this circumstance.
"We-can say with certainty at this
moment that a year hence another
2,000 lives will be swept off the list of
workers in Canada, and in another two
years there will be 20,000 menowhose
industrial, efficiency will. be permanently impared as a consequence of
the callings in which they are engaged
We'know-that loss of life is incident
to a "calling itself If that is'so does
it not appear that in some way the industry itself should be made to bear
what Is Inevitable to It? Take the
case of a railway company with Its
cars; they allow', so much for broken
cars or for repairing damage done to
cars. ' I am just throwing out -this
thought or suggestion because it' Is - a
large . subject and lt would Involve
much consideration' before anything in
the shape of legislation could be based
upon it, but is it not worth considering whether human,life is not entitled
to the same amount of protection as
Ts. afforded to what Is part of the rolling stock of the company and whether
in some way the' industry could" not
as Minister of Labor.     Yet tho minis .
ter had never .tackled the .*eal'.labor |be made to bear part, of the cost ot
problem.   /Was he In favor of organiz-
LAST OF THE
RELIEF? YES
The Last Knock-out Said
to be Complete and
We Hope So   *
Word has been received to the effect
that the Court of Appeal has reversed-
the judgment of Judge Wilson in Biggs
\7Bruce. This was an action wherein
the Pernie Relief Committee sought'to
recover from Bruce the price of lumber advanced to him subsequent to
.the Fernie conflagration of August 1st
out'of the Relief Fund. The grounds
upon which the appeal was allowed
ha\'e up to the present not been made
known to'us, but, the effect of. this
judgment,is that, all those who* got
lumber and other relief from the"; Relief Fund will npt have" to pay "therefor."        **■**'■'.;
OR-INTERESJ.TO FERNIEITES
ed - labor" or not?
substantially amended Working people regarded it as- an act passed'.to
oppress.them They could not strike
without giving thirty days' notice, during which employers co'uld entrench
themselves for ,a struggle. -<
_ Mr.. King declared that the net*,was
approved by nearly everybody. The
fact that a group of miners choose to
object "to it .would not prevent the
government from administering it In
tho public Interest. ',    -
Mr. Crosby (Halifax)-—Does tho minister mean to say that the striking
miners In Nova Scotia are tho enemies
of the public Interest? *,      ,
Mr, King—-I was only saying that
tho net itself was in the public intorost. " ■ 'ft
„Mr, King—I am-neither to.; nor
against it.     *. •-* >  „■-
*" Mr. Blaln—Hjpw c;in you administer
your department', without;a.fixed principle? In almost'every strike the
main Issue relate to the recognition
oflr_the_union,' *,*p,o., yoiK believe in
union labor:or in the open shop; In
free labor competition?
, Mr.'King—Organi^nil labor is free
labor.
Mr. Blaln—Thnt remark Is iho merest piffle. Why T/ill not the minister
give a straight answer. , Has he no
views on the subject? Should labor
unions be encouraged or discouraged?
The discussion thon turned on tho
Grand Trunk striko settlement and tho
other subject dropped!.
its  inevitable  loss"' of * life  and   limb
with  tlie result that' those who  aro
CERTIFICATES  FOR
COAL MINER8
May Oth,  10th, and  11th  Dates' 8et
For the 8everal Dlstrlcts—Fornle
'' Nanaimo and Merritt -
MINERS' DISPUTE
AIRED AT OTTAWA
OTTAWA, April 7.—In tho Houso of
Commons to-day Major Horron (Mac-
looil) onqulroil If tlio govornmont had
nny Information to communicate to tho
Hondo In regard to' tha ntrlko of coal
minors In 8out1u.ro Alborta nnd In
Tirltlah Columbia.
Mr. Maokonzlo King ropliod at con-
jflldoroblo longtli. Ho snld thnt nn
ngont of the dopartmont, Mr. McNiven,
who was ou tlio ground, In Uio courso
of liln InvoBllgiitlon ascertained that
tlio minors' International oxocutlvo,
with hondqunrtorn Indianapolis, m*
r-onsldoiin-j. tho "alleged" striko, and
that thoro wns proBpocts of tho exocutlvo taking action which might' ond
It summarily, . Accordingly tho de-
partment of labor wroto lij tho oxocu-
tlvo nt Indlaun pr.a unUInu what, Its
nttltudo would ho, with regard to any
titrlKo lu -youth-Jin Athiiiiu and 2J._.1_>__
Columbia which might bo contrary lo
the laws 0* Canada.
Tlio reply wnH "ha follows: "India-
linpolls, Ind., April tt,—V. A. Acland,
lU-jiu*iy Munmter xii Luxbtii, OiWii*-
QuoHtlon of negotiating wage contracts
la n prorogatlvo af Canadian minors'
dlfltrlct organization, Wo bollovo In tt
ulrlct compllnnco with tho laws of
Canada nt all times. Aro advUod that
iho mlncri-: nf Onnnrtfl hnvo not In any
no-mo violated the (nduotrlnl Disputes
Acl, Wo bollovo In tbo Iradon nffr«.
mont molhod of Bottling Industrial deputes and In a rigid observance of all
wflito agreements. Ily order of the
executive. (Slgnod) John P. White,
Pr-Mldfnt; Bdwln Perry Secretary."
Tho MMttlor ot IjiIxot proceeded to
■ay (halt tho ponltlon taken by the
minora iind by tho Int'bmntlonnl oxocutlvo was that tho present ceasa--
tlon of oporal Ions" did not constitute
a' striko undor lho provisions of tho
Industrial Blsputos Aot,   .<
If tlio mine ownors, conllnuod Mr.
King, considered thnl tho utrlVco wns
ngnlnHl tho provisions of tho act thoy
could tnko action ngninst tlio slrikors,
just ns tho govornnionl hnd dono In
tho rnno of tho disturbance In Albortn
whon a compnny was fined for declaring a lockout. Tho objoct of tho
act wns to onnble olthor pnrty to como
to a sottlomont without roBort to n
lockout or a strike; also to ennblo
tho public to nHcortaln who was right,
and who wan wrong.
In this enso, snld lho minister,
neither party wished lo submit Us
dlffernnco to a conciliation board,
which constrained him to bollovo that
moro must 00 MOiiiyiiiing uiiexpluiiiuu
jn lit, iiUUtiitv. Aucoi-dhitily ho hud
wlrod lo Mr. McNIvon to1 endeavor to
bring Ihe parties togothor. Mr. Mc-
Nlvcn's roply wnB. "Nollhor party
will Btato posltlvoly that, thoy will not
n\i)ii},
"Thoro must bo something back of
this rotusnl to lot tho publio know
who Is wrong nnd who In right." Bald
Mr. King.
."Might It not be thnt It Is bocauso
both pnrtlos havo lost confidence in
tho 'itll|!y of tho net, that, thoy lmvo
MifiiBPil to npply?" nskod Mr. flood-
eve.
Tho minister thought not. Tho nel,
ho contended, had' dona good service
In preventing labor troubles. He went
on io eay that ho proponed to com-
munlcato with tho pnrtlos nt once,
stating that unless j,lioy naw tbelr
wny olthor ono or th*. other, Immedlnf •>
ly lo make application for a board
THE    COLLIERY    MASTER8'    TEN
1 COMMANDMENT8 TO THE
MINERS
VICTORIA,    March    31— Examinations will ho hold under tho Coal Mlnos Regulations Act for. first, second
and third class cortlflcatos ofcompot-
oncy at Nnnlnmo, Fornio, Cumberland
and Morrltt, on lho Oth, 10th and i'l Hi
days of May noxt.    Tho subject will
bo:   For  first  clnss  candidates—-tho
Mining Act and special rules, mlno
gttsos, ventilation, gonornl work, mlno
mnchlnory nnd surveying; for socond
clnss candidates--Tho Mining Act nnd
spoclnl rulos, mlno gason, vonlllnllon
nnd general work; nnd for third class
candidates—Tho Mining Act and special rulos, mine gason and spocial work,
Applications nre roqulrod to ho mado
to lho socrotary ot tho honrd. Chlof
Inspector .. II, Shophord, not lntor
thnn Mny 3, nccompnnlod by tho pro
scrlbod statutory fees, original tosti
monlnlB nnd ovldcncos.  (It If a oan
dldnto for tho first olnss, that tho applicant Ib a Hritish subject nnd has
hnd nt lonst flvo years' experience In
or about tho practical working of a
coal, mlno, and Is nt, lonst 2R years of
ago;    (2) If a candldnto for second
class,- thai ho has had at loiml. flvo
yoaru1 oxporlonco In or nbout, tho practical workings of tho conl niino;i,.l.l
ii' a CiUiilliiiito (ov  tlilui cluon  DuU
ho hns had at least threo years' .experience,
Candldntos for cortlflcatOB of com-
potonc'y na mnmigoi'B, overmen, shift
hoe* or mioi ligliU'tH nt- fti-tuu.-*- to
forwnrd cortlflcatos from duly qualified medlcnl practitioners nttostln'g
that thoy havo tnkon tho courso In
ambulance work fitting thom to gl.vo
first aid to porsons Injured In conl
mining opera.Innr..
In accordance wltl] the Bureau of
Mines Aet Ametidmrnf Aet of 1RH!)
tho board of oxamlncrs duly mot nt
Victoria and as n result of such meeting the Minister of Mines hni lumieil
certificates of efficiency undor soction
2.k sub-wwllc-n 2, lo Patrick Joseph
llrown nnd P, M. Thorev.
Examinations for offlcloncy In tho
prnctlco of assaying will ho hold In
Ihls city on April J Mb.
1. Thou shnlt not have no other
but mo,
2. Thou shnlt not mako to thyself
any comforts nor anything to thy own
Intorost, neither on tho earth nbovo
or tho pit below. Thou shalt bow
down to mo and worship mo, for I am
thy mastor and a Joiilous muster and
I will Bhow you no morey, but endeavour to mako you keop my command-
monts,
3. Thou shall not tnko tho nnmo
of thy miiHlor In vain lost I sack thoo
al a mlnutoB' notico.
'I. Romombor thou workoat six
days with nil thy strength nnd do all
I want thoo, but tho seventh day
thou shalt. slop nt homo and do, no
manner or work hut thou shall do all
thou can't do to rocrull tliliio* ox*
hnimlod strong!li for my sorvlcos on
Monday morning.    „
B, Honor thy mnstor' or his bailiff
or his deputies that thy days may ho
short and few, for I shall not wnnl
thoo when thou got!cut old nnd art
nblo to spend thy days lu tho poor
houso as I shnll not enro,
0, Thou shall havo no olhor union
ns It Is ngnlnut my will.
7. Thou shnlt nlwnys flponlc woll of
UIO;  ItlOllgll 1 tjt.pi <_IH.  Illt-C*.    illUll olliilt
bv ujiiU'iil It I tiiiH ti_.;__ nml i>:>}
thoo what 1 think.
8. Thou shall starve thyself nnd
children If it's anything to my Inter-
ost,    Thnu must only think of mo, nol
_ it;, tti-ii
0 Thou shnlt havo no moot Ings to
rnnnlder thlii" own Interest ns I wnnt
to koop thco in Ignorance nnd poverty
nil ll/i days of my life,
10. Thou shnlt not covet thy man-
torn money nor his comforts, nor his
luxuries nor anything that Is IiIh. 'f lion
Blmll not covet his money, thoiii..i lm
gets twenty pounds por koo\< niul
thou hnrdly one. Thou limit not
.grumblo nt anything for I want to
reign over and tyrannise thee and
keep thee In bondage all tho days of
thy lifo.
11 A. ANDERSON.
Now Wnferford, N, B.( Dominion No.
12. '
family ofthe'man who may have been
killed   outright,' shall  not,   In   consequence of his death, be put In  the-
position that In order to get some com
. ':The Court of Apeal sitting in Vancouver, -last,, week, "Jieard; the "appeal
taken by the'plaintiff-' in "the case of
Webster_v Cnven, and -Immediately* af-
tnr_llgl__lng_tn_p'_-iiinKAl_dplivpr__>_l jtulg-__.
.m'ent, reversing thatv-'of-';th"eVcounty
court of East Kootenay.' The court,
ordered that judgment be entered .against defendant" for $300"and costs'In
Mr. D.' 13.- McTaggart appeared for
the appellant1 nnd Mr,.. G. H. Thompson for tho "respondent.
MT. FERNIE LODGE, NO. 47. I.O.O.F
pensation for,the loss of-his llfelhey | tho-lower court and cost of appeal",
must enter upon litigation,and add* to
,tho distress which they already have?
These are the points that i -thought'I
would like to mako because I think
they aro points which aro attracting
considerable attention among' tho Industrial workers of the country and,
having regard to the' conservation of
human life, for-tho'upbuilding of the
strongth of tho nation as a whole, too
much attention cannot bo given to a
vory serious aspect of this vory serious question."—Tho Labor anisette.
All' Odd Fellows resident and visiting nre asked to remember the annunl
church service, Sunday, April 23rd: All
brother Odd Fellows will meet nt K, P,
Hall at 7 p.m.' sharp and march to
tho'Bnptlst Church. Rev. Thomson will
preach.
UNITED   8TATE8'   8ENATE
A   MILLIONAIRE  CLUB
A number of peoplo who think superficially ontortnln tbo opinion that
the Senate of tho Unitod States is
mado up of men, tho majority of whom
nro Interested in tho welfare ot tho
pooplo who ^nbor undor such a dolu-
s'en havo bul littlo conception of tho
fnct thnt men in nil wnlks of l'fo nro,
nn a gonornl rulo, moven by what thoy
concoivo to ho their matoi-lal IterostH.'
Whon tlio fnct ls tnkon Into consideration thnt tho United States Scnnto
Is a "club ot mlllloniili-u-i" It Hhould
not. be difficult for peoplo of nvorngo
Inlolllgcnco'to realize that such a body
will not ciml a ballot fur legislation
tlmt will Impair tho IiiIci-chIh of the
upper strata of socloty, Tho following nrn tho iiiiiiich of.nlnctooii iicnntorH
whoso wealth runs Into millions:
Ouggonhelni, of Colorado ..150,000,000
ICIklns, Wost Virginia .... 25,000,000
Stephenson, Wisconsin .... 20,000,000
Wnrron, Wyoming  15,000,000
Dopow, Nqw York  "... 15,000,000
CONCILIATION
BOARD ASKED FOR
Oliver, Ponnsylvnnln   15,000,1)00
Crnno,  MnsniichiiNotlH   .... 10,000,000
Aldrich,  Ilhodo Inland   ... 10,000,000
Wetmoro. Ilhodo Inland ... 10,000,000
Du Pont, Dolwaro    8,000,000
Konn, Now .lerney   5,000,000
NfowlnnrlH, Nevada   5,000.000
Lodge, MnRnaehutiottH  .... 5,000,000
Scott,  Wost, Virginia   ,.,. 5,000,000
Bourne, Orown    r-.uoii.i.no
OI.IOU*.,      O U««»,      • |,,,,       ,., ' ' /.*.,..
!1:i!r*. Mnlne .   .     , '\M\(\r\'\t\
Root.   Now   York        3.000.000
Hrnndegeo, Connecticut....   3,000,000
It Is soiwiwlint difficult to linrhnr nn
nxpeetntlon thnt  mnn who nrn tiiint
-        -       ..„. ,..,.  ,,!„..        rf       I.     I,,,.!,.,. ,    ,    ,,
...i.**... ~    '-'   ' '»» '■'*•* ..... „'
Napoleons of finance, will enact legislation that can be looked upon nn
bonoflclnl to tho people. Tlio tlmo Is
romlng when tho peoplo will ho forcod
to abolish "tho Amorlcnn Iloimo of
Lords" In ordor thnt tho Inst sembl*
timo ot tho righto of citizenship may
not ho destroyed.
. Jt__
Tho Hoy flconls of America were declare, lo lw an 0||iciny of organlx.il
labor by tho Illinois fitate Convenllon
of the Uniled Mlno Workers. The resolutions adopted declare tho Boy
Srouts to b. fostered by "wonk-mlnded
peoplo who are nol known to have
any oilier visible occupation."
Frank, Alln,, April, 13th, 1011.
Tho Kxocuttve Bonrd has been In session nil morning, and heard tho
report of tho Vlco-I _*OBldont, which wns exactly as has already been announced.
Atter giving vory cnroful consideration lo tho mattor we havo decided to
make application for a Board of Arbitration under ,lho-Induntrlnl Dlnputca
Act, nnd tho following tologrnm has boon despatched ta McKonzti. King:
"The Executive Bonrd of the United Mine Workers, District IB, decided to make application for n Board which will be forwarded by wire as
soon as possible.        * ...
(Signed)     W. B, POWELL, President
A. J. CARTER, Sec.-Treas	
Tho wording of tho application Ib at present In progress, anil wo hope
to bo In n position to produco winu- for tho benefit of our condors boforo wo
go to press,
LATER—Frank. Altn, I o'clock Thursday,
(Phoned by Bocrotnry A. J. Carter)
Tho following Ih a verbal lm copy of telegram which wo lmvo Jum iIoh-
piik'lu*il to W, McKoiulo Kin*., Minister of Lnbor, Ottnwn:
Prank, Alia., April 13, 1011.
To the Hon, W L McKenzie Kino, Minister of Labor, Ottnw.i:
THIS WITHOUT PREJUDICE: Following our telcarnm of to-day and
In accordance with your apparent desire to have the machinery iet Jn motion
nt the earliest possible moment to establish n Bonrd under the Industrial
Disputes Investigation Act of 1907, to lnvofitlQ.it-. mntterc In connection wltli
the failure to renew agreement between the Western Coal Operators' Association and District 18, United Mine Workers cf America, we hereby make
nppllcntlon for such Board to be ettiibllthed While believing that at all
times we have acted strictly In accordance with the laws of the Dominion, we
realize that It Is the desire of the Government to have this matter thoroughly
Investigated nnd we are desirous of extending co-operation to this end, as *
wa firmly believe that there cannot be any permanent pence In the mining
Industry of this country until the wage questions are settled on a basis of
...,,,i'i,       ti .      ..,!.,   i.    ii ,   .ii, ... i *   -...    ii .   ti.,...,. _   r...i   n. _«-,.. _,.,   *.. . -
dn-Miin, r.omprlf.lrtg X\x* fnltnwlnfj ^•1nr^rlfln^l•fl,.     ,,   , ,
Bankhead Mines Company, Limited; H. W. McNeil Co.. The West Canadian Coal and Coke Company; The International Coal and Coke Company;
Royal Collieries, Ltd.; Chinook Coal Company; Leltch Collieries Limited;
Maple Leaf Coal Company Limited; Corbin Coal and CoVe Company; Daven-
"C   .  C'1''' Pc-wrnci,*-  Crip,,,'* Mf-.it  Oi»« Prill P ft m r.-i n w   I Imltl-H*   Uc«m.|. Mir*..*
Limited; Diamond Coal Company; Canadian Coal Consolidated, Limited; Hillcrest Collieries, Limited.
and District 1° United Mine Workers of America, representing the organized
employees of the aforementioned Companies to the number of about six thousand, who ceased work at the expiration of the agreement on March 31st,
1011. The United Mine Workers are contending for a substantial Increase In
wages and the eliminating of Inequalities that exist in contract rates, day-
wage scale, hours of labor, and general conditions. The attempts to arrive
at settlement are embodied In the minutes ef the Joint Conference that was
held In Calgary during March last, and wlleh will be attached to the format
application. If it will be acceptable to tht Dipartmeet, we will set forth
our claims In full, together with formal application, as soon as It la possible
to do this, and forward copies to the other party, as well as to the Department.
The name ef tha person suggested by ourselves at representative .It Mr)
A. J. Carter, ot Fernie, British Columbia.
(Signed) W. B. POWELL, President
A. J. CARTER, Sec-Tres. iV- -v-i
•Ar,"yy^p;y." -/-**:h
yyyy<*-J .*;*, •-*- -;';*:
■,*"'_   "I?-""-      _ ^~ "Y\""    ~. ,___-***-",/'™j'-M"*-*.'!-i V' i*-***    0"      «    -'"'  - S"**^**!*
■ vs7,*.v .7v--. ."-"•V"' ".",■•■ ■' '5-.; > ,.f:*. :'■■' yy
r'.j.-:. .v$x--y< •- _. ' -,v'ii'-..\
:, .*•)-
*' _.---..
. ii1
..  -4.
PAGE  TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. 0., APRIL 15,1911,
V-
"AT IT HERE SIHCE 19001'
.*oo\v,
_5__SER
"co.
•^■©mDienceHow!
^e wantevoyoiieb tow
Apt we are paying -
c~4% Interest^ r
pcramium ere. ite. mftilf
on savings
Ico
Why rthe CrOws fifest
yyMoners Qt0Jpbs
.torcheqiue
Intere
Si
onJmekpo.it. of-
Sip moii.te '& over. *
:mvdmoncv"forcl.eiu-
\\i first mort.
:.oa-
$enevat ifnantial ksmess.
We want _5ar saving ace ni
& .Fyou are not savin*
.ycTemaM-f,
(sommence
Deposits tywail
- By the World's Special Staff Correspondent at Fernie   * -
. I rcaught him down at West .ernie
right under the brow of the snow-clad
ring that surrounds this town - He
came along swinging an empty dinner
pail. - though perhaps he would furnish a-sidelight<on the struggle*which
is damaging,that very much battered
part df BritishcColumbia.'nthe Crow's
Xest. He did more. ' In his rich Yorkshire dialect he told me his experiences—a narration of pluck and slurdi-,
ness which afterwards I found'was a
common story among * the British
miners who have wandered' Into .this
district.   *
He might have been thirty or he
might have touched forty years. It's
difficult   to   size   up   a   miner's   age.
consumer 'who''"'can't get control .of
mines and make contracts pay "?S to
?10 per short ton. The miner", in town
at Fernie has even to pay $2.75 for, the
short ton after hs has been.the means
of-'winning it* from the. earth: . Just
now the consumer,, outside of the railroads) cannot get coal at all." ,t *.
' "No wonder you "are a. Socialist,'' I
said after he had recited some* of the
facts 'above: , . *
' "A'm na Socialist,' he'replied. "A
coom fra' Yorkshire."
Which might have intimated with
native Yorkshire wit he was too wise
to join, up with the* extremists who
make the party strong in this mining
district.
'He took me down to his house, a
neat two-storey structure on the side
of a creek. Through the melting snow
people. Socialism has been born.of
necessity. - It ia a protest against Ignorance and tyranny. "The Socialist
party is composed of'voters who; will
not permit1 themselves to be' tied by
corrupt'politicians .and,'led about.
When reason "and intelligence becomes
enthroned .Socialism will win.—Monroe
Jones, l-t'andlett,"Comanche,* Co., "Ok. '
The above clippnig from The Dallas
(Te*sas) News, is sent'to us by'Joqk
Turner who bias found a purchaser,, in
the Lone Star State bl ■ his ^ saleable
commodity. ^*IIe "requests us to inform
his many friends that he is'well,and
hearty, with" the. conviction daily ^growing 'Stronger that the.healthy.,unrest
noticeable everywhere is,..'indicative
that" the'reign of "Capitalism' is. more
rapidly ^nearing ,its close; than those
living in ■ thinly populated • localities
where industrialism has not-developed
so extensively can* possibly imagine.)
Perhaps    continual    washing   erases j ai,.eady the grass was showing green
\f\
easily nan'
"Yolfcan send "b^Draft,
Post Office + Cypress
Order or Rc^stereS^^
Letter & withdrawals
can be ma5e + +L*++ +
•any way you
mmmmi     '       «_M*J k________.
wi.h.
. Refer!
taa,Bra-5.reet3.'
or To anyone iti*
VMG0UV6R-
Write us about fttohy
Do it now!!!!!
fcrnbuj Street,
the . wrinkles  that  an  ordinary  man
would assume., .
He was married and four children
had "blessed him"---his own words.
He owned a house worth perhaps.
$2,600, but ho couldnt' sell it for", that
now.' For nine years he had workod
ih the.mines at Coal Creek and in
spite of fire, flood aud explosion—onslaught ters of nature—and strikes a*nd
labor.disputes—battles of men among
men—he was going to"1 stay* by his
job. lie was as real a pioneer as ihe
men who hewed out Ontario—and he
was a miner.
The story could not be lold-as he
told it because It' developed as he :*■.-
minise'ently warmed up, but his facts
though not his words, were these:
Nine years ago when food prices
had not acquired .the aviatioii craze,
he could average nearly $190 a month
working on ordinary shift at the
mine. At the time he left his job in
compan," with other union men, his
average monthly earnings, because of
short time, only amounted to -.40 a
month, Bacon had soared to double
pr'ce. Hour was high up and tea and
coffee 'also.
Another point he made: Whc.'o with
good wages he had .only two mouths
to feid. now when over-production cr
under consumption ,— it works both
ways—of coal had reduced hin-earnings, he had six very healthy appetites to rrovide for. ■ ■.    v
He gave a reason for deduction In
wages. It" wasn't bad management.
It wasn't really.'greed. It was part of
the financial;game with him and his
.WORKERS'    FATE
-. "
What Are
YOU Worth
From the
NECK,
UP?
VA
ItlHefitlnintcc. Hint
Dm nvernt-o mnn Is
worth $*.' a dny from
(lio neck ..('...'.-wlii.t
la ho worth (rom tho
• neclt upf
That dcpon.s ■entirely upon tnilnlnir.
If you aro trained so
thnt you plan and
direct worl. you aro
worth ton timed na
much ns tho mnn
who cun work only
undor ordors.
Tlio Ifitarn-IIonaI
Crmupondinci Sehoali
_ro io tl,o mnn who Is
strutrBllinr nlonir on   unHHrav**"
small pny and any to *"
him, ''wo will trnln
you for promotion
r I Kill whore you nro,
or wo will riiinllly
you to t ii lio up a
moro conircnlnl lino
ot work nt n much
•llchor unlnry,"
Kvory month tniy
<*rn1 hundred ku..
dont* voluntarily
report mlviiru'cincnt
nc tho dlti-ct result
ol I„ C.S, trnlnlmr.
You nood not lenvo
your prvtrnt wntlt,
or your own linnio,
Mark Ihls coupon at
once and mall It.
ll,; I
• iimuN»noNAiconnr.sroNnrNa schools
-, Do» 7!)9, Scranton, I'n, «
* I'lttii fiplsln,  wlilicmi luiihrr ulilli.il!*.*. „_ niy
♦
4
«
*
I
I
.
■•
*
*
*
*
I'.rl, fin*. I can -luulllvI<-r * I"..;.. >,iUiy ami
il.criiiK.il  In Di.   |>._.iin.n   U-li'io
whicli   I  Inn   .niilfcil X,
A4 W.ilif
Afikll.cl.ini Dullimin
Know-Cud Wrltir
ftlfufttjill tno't-tif
Wmdim. Tilrnmir
ttlrusliitatPfaftimBn
Civil hiM.i tMtni.
Ufnamtntii (.nig _«r
ror mt an .»iurn|i*r
Mudaiilo-fl tnglntif
Ctr.ll Cnplnair
Mu _imcil Oulluntn
#or«rn*n Mivhi»ut
n. ft. Cflt'Hruel'oi Eng,
ti»«int«l L-ijir'ttr
Mniirg Cnglrmir
Ct»u(|i#Hn
r,_WI--'lH||lDflH(J1,t,
Afchll.ol
NlfPoyrw-jhir
family as six of the pawns. The C.P
R. is delivered coal at $1.60 per ton
and the ,G. N. R. thought, when assuming control .of the Crow's Nest
Pass. Company It was, doing good business by getting a contract for $2.00 a
ton. On the prairie after a haul
that  cost  probably  $1  por ton,  the
There wasn't a stump on the lot, and
thero wasn't a stray can or piece of
paper on the ground. He had paid
$150 for the lot four years previously
and had put the .rest of his savings
into the house, little by little. Now
conditions had grown worse and he
"was faced with a month's idleness
even after a slack'year, when his
earnings had not allowed any saving.
The road in front was to be made up
this summer" and strike or simply cessation of work—call it what you will
—he would have to pay his share for
the improvement". Last spring he had
the water laid on and jt had cost him
In the year $36 in water rates alone,
almost a months' wages.
In palmier days he had written his
father and brother' to * come out, but
lately he, had been silent In letters
home about conditions.   -
He was going to stick to It like the
sturdy pioneer he was.". Offers had
come from his dad and his brother-of
money;" they would send It to bring
him and his family to, England. He
could earn three pounds a week tliere.
which was certainly better than $40
per month' here. The spirit of the west
was on him and whatever happened he
meant* to stay by the country he had
adopted.' • .;
But Isn't this a sidelight' on why
men strike or cease work when agreements end?,* Isn't it an argument, for
a real Investigation into" conditions
here? < Can. you.wonder that there are
six thousand men in unison—held together by common bond to save what
is left and possibly. wjn_a_trifle_more?-
. Beware ;of.^
-Imitations-.'
Sold on the
By J.  Malcomo
All 'fireproof and ten lofts high,
No fire escapes  to mar the o.uter
mold, ,    ,       -.
All,day, within, the shuttles fly,
Day after day Toil's weary tale is
told.'    ' •'    ' •
The evening comes and then the ruixl-
pus haste     '
,Swift fingers move, the    lots    not'
finished quite,*
A few niore sleeves, a few more seams
lo  baste^—
A startled cry and every face Is white.
Then the wild scramble, the crack and
*  roar of flame,     '    "'* '
Frail women faint, and'some' to wild
to. faint.
Oii burning' ledge they call to. God by
name,
Then' leap to death.   Alas, for God'
; or saint.'
A hundred lives and still' a hundred
more,  - ' .
All .common .victims of a ghastly fate.
Officials cry ".'(we heard the cry, be-
;fore),V'.''
"A fire?   What?   we must 'Investigate." ■  * . .  ■    .,
'* >        *j
Oh, you who% fead, who swell     the
crowded'mart
Who daily bend beneath a monstrous
greed."',, ,-.-,..       .7, ',    *
Oh, take your brother-toiler to your
„   heart,',   - -
Nor "wait fill "the gbld-curso strikes.
_{ i:7rA'H.»TE?,.'_, -itii 'MinavrTs
.s*3-i9Toc.owc_iAR2*-.*A^,:' Minard's.
^i_W6l»imxsfi Liniment
August 'C-ll.' , ,-. ■       ,*
45 Steam-Heated Rooms*'
*.: Hot and.Cold Baths->.
_:■-: ^hfe < King Edward
A..yi:i:iy^y-i'--.'y- 'iyiy y"\  . ■ ,.'■--"-
'.•'. . "Fernie's* ^Leading f Commercial; .Hotel..
■ A-r-, r
The Finest Hotel'In East:'Kootenay ■ : •'-  * >   . J.'L..; GATES, Prop.
Imperial Bank bf Canada
-'. HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO -        i'*'     .'.
Capital Authorised . 7 .$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed  .... $5,575,000
Capital1 Paid* Up   .'f.-.. .$5,575,000-      Reserve Fund...' ..$5,575,000
■   -     D..R. WILKIE,'President. HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres;
,'      '   ,   ,   .BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA . '        .-» , (
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,'Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
\      ,      ' Revelstoke,7Vancouver and Victoria,        7 !
*        '     ..   ."'    SAVINGS DEPARTMENT'" ,
li.terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
'FERN.E BRANCH , -'-A' '* GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
-^''
-   X_*\tf
Cob»*m«-it—g nJ
-WHY   DROP   MONEY?        ,. ,
Through"buying your wines and liquors at" retail when by • ordering
from us"'you* "get the lowest whole-
, sale-price
A   CASE   OF. OUR   LIQUORS
Will cost you about half as much
per bottle as if you. bought lt in
the ordinary way. , Order a case,
make-the saving, and get better
liquors besides.
It will take, a year or more to make
up to the individual miner if he gains
tho. 12,^ per cent increase * he prays
for, to get back the money he will
lose during the strike. But do you
wonder that he protests? Come up
here and see, if you really are a
doubter, as to conditions.
--—7-^*T*Take-* heed*.      * r*   *
,. fe) * . \  r
To us who toll, alone, the task remains
{Let peanut politicians   shift    the
.    blame), ...
From earth we,must eradicate these
*  stains. . '
Or   ours   will*be   the- everlasting
shame.'
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
Fernie, B. C.
60   YEARS'
.EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
COPVRiaHTS 4c. i
—Anyone sending e sketch snd description may *
qnlokly mcortaln our opluton free whether an
Invention li probably patentflbfo vommunlc*.
tlonattrlotlrconfliientlai. HANDBOOK on Patent*
tent free. Oldest; asency toraeonruspatenti.
, FaUnU taken through. Munn * Co. teoelv*
. tpteial notice, without ohamo, in tbe
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
'    KITCHEN   CONVENIENCE'
,1a a lot of help to 'a busy woman
A. nice cabinet * with."  plenty    of
shelves and drawers saves her a lot
of "steps.   '     ' ';'     V. ' .'■ ,        '* -"i
-, r      . ., *-    "
MAKE HER-ONE WITH LUMBER  -
of our, providing. We have every-,,
'thing Necessary. ..-Panels'for the.-
doors, nice smooth boards for the.*
"shelves- and drawers. Not too-
"heavy, for her handling,. not too.,-
light tq be, strong. -We'll tell you
- how much to buy. - Come and talk
it over.   '      »   *    ' ' '   '   ,
OFflCE, and YARD,  McPHERSON AVE., OPR. O. K.  DEPOT,   PERNIC
SdenWie JMeriean.
___ hendMinoly Uluntrated weekly. Lartraat olr-
cnlatloo of any eclentlfle .oarnal. Terms for"
-Canada. 1X74 a year, postage prepaid.. Bold by
J] uewsdealers. * "
Branch Offlce, ©8 TT Bt, Washington, D. C. <
MR. JONES COMES AGAIN
He Replies to Mr.- Nance and Closes
'   the Discussion
* Namr	
* Strutt unit Ao..
* CU»-
 Matt—
• **************>*»*,*
«
»
»
»
»
*
 lu„ ♦
*
—•— -~- ♦
LA PIU  GRANDE SCOVERTA
UCLLALKA
Una Fotografla dl lc dl Uio amice o
puro della tun Innnmnrntn sopra la
covcrllnn del qnimclnle, una cohii iui-
ova roallHta coma n nrtl«IIca.
f. .^ „     ,.1-11^.11     ,.,.-,» I     II.   ,-     "II     n     ,t< ...
-—r*"  * '■• '   *   •'"
nilno,     Per Informazlout o camplonl
gratis rlvolgelevl dal
IDEAL NOVELtV CO.
T. O, Tlox fif), Fernio, n.C.
VELKV VINALEZ TICHTO CA80V
Vhn1nt>rnt nn I'shl-ivVn ••■"lift, prlnti»ln,
«bo nillK-iilty. Nccvo novle, krn»ne, a
podobno maJsterBVlr.
"DobrUkfoo ilvlebo atittiia potrebno
thot ktorleho pohlavln. Pro cello vis-
votlcnla a pouknuka ndarma blaiilt na
treba.
IDEAL NOVELTY CO.
p, o. Box 55, Fernie, B. C.
Again I want to emphasize the fact
thnt, Socialism Is not opposed to private ownership, Socialism stands for
private ownership of private necessities .and public ownership of public
utllitios.
Slnco my,last communication to tho
Forum. I havo movod from Hastings,
Ok., lo Randlott, I havo been very
busy and did not. intend to wrlto again
In thin discussion, but Mr; Nanco requests mo to nnswer his question as
to "why lt Is thai1 mon waul prlcos
high as long as they havo somothing
to sell and low whon thoy havo to
buy,", Thai Is easy. This Is tho Instinct of 8olf*pro8crvatlon assorting It-
flolf, In tho Blrugglo for oxUtonco
undor tho present, profit system wo uro
compollod to act llko mad, greedy,
scrambling bwIiio, oven though our bottor naturo rovplts ogalnal It. This Is
a holllHh aystom wo aro,living undor.
Tho fnrmor Binllos when ho hoIIh IiIh
product*** at a high prlco oven though
tho crlOH of hungry halfclad children
from tho conmimoi'H' end of lho lino
aro Kinging lu IiIh on rn, Tlio profit
grabber Htnnds between lho producer
niul consumer and amllcK uIho iir ho
rakon enormniiH profits Into Ills till,
llllt tllO HtllllOH Of IllUBO tWO ClllHHOH of
moil do not Indicate that tlioy nro
milunil born iUmotiH nnd glory In tho
mlHorloH of othcrH. If Ir merely 1111 h :
Tho fnrmor is hnppy hoi-aiiKO IiIb own
dear children lmvo nnl been run down
thn wolf of -starvation, nnd tho profit-
grabber roi-ognUcH that In this awful
forocloiiH. cruel, barbarous un-Chrlatian
utriigglo fnr existence ho must cither
rldo or bo rlddftn, and ho profera to
rldo. I hnvo no animosity towards
Mm mnn who llvr-n by Hpr-nulntlon and
profit,    Ilo In generally a l.lnd-lirvirtcil
fellow nnd IiIh houI goon out In nym-
,m     i     ,, .   . . f   i -     i       •>'        *.
„    -»      .... ._. ...I. ........A....'A, ^ .t..A... \l.
D\\* °yii*l->m, but  hr* hn<^ not  -Miifllr-fl
RnclnllBm  and,  tbereforo,    lllco    Mr.
Nance can hco no remedy for all thla
misery.
Mr. Nance got badly mixed up In bin
.'v  ,*.V.     Vi.      '*-'>.    -'. I>*t--i     *.V»1&     *"»-.     *,.-.--     »-'^
ciallst pnrty la composed mo»|ly of
ilrlftlng, worthies.), calamity bowlem
In the cIIIcr, and then turns right
around nnd declare**! that "tho rl»e and
fall or WW partloM In thla country has
moMly b-r-n rilon-? the borderland nnd
frontier to»inti*V_ But wo tan '*xcii«o
him 'inr fflllnir Inlo 1h!l» tniiKlo. for
the side he represents, in this discussion Is mnde up of   inconsistencies.
Mr, Nance seems to ho afraid of
anything new. ■ He makes a stron'g
appeal to us to got Into' either the
Democratic or Republican parties and
stay thoro.' It scorns that he-has not
read history carefully, and so I must
onco moro remind him that Iho Republican party was once a "third party,"
nnd can not bo traced , back to the
foundation of our'government. It
sprang up only a fow years boforo tho
-Civil War as a protest against negro
slavery and was composed of mon with
"big mouths" who "howled1 day and
night against "tho powers that be*'
until llioy liberated lho slaves. Patrick Henry, Goorgo Washington and all
Fight for Industrial
■*l       _.. ' '      j i
Liberty in Nova Scotia
To  Organized  Labor Everywhere
Greeting:—-
"Thirty-one years >go tho fow lum*
drod coal miners In Nova Scotia began to organlzo for tho bottor protection of their interests.
"Whilst tho coal  companies  wero
small tho Union accomplished much
tho Revolutionary soldiers who roso j good, but of lato yenrs tho coal Intorosts  havo  morgod  Into  poworful
corporations and havo oloctod to crush
up against tho tyranny of England's {
rulo ovor tho colonies were "howlers." 1
Thoy woro not contont, to lot condl-!.,    -  ,      ,, .
UonH romnin as thoy hnd found thorn, j,ho Lnbor U,llon nnd forco tho °P°n
and if Mr. Nanco had boon Ihoro and S-'°P* thai thoy may dlctato whatsoever
tried to porsuado thom to bo content-  torms  thoy  ploaso  to  tho  workors.
Fernie Opera: House
__Vl6ving
Pictured
Electric Rcfltorcr for Men
Phosnhonol t**xotu -miy ■*«• la lh* to-lf
vim and titali.y. |-y**i«»i««d«»f andrtlwaual
•rrtViM-c* «v_ri«<l ai *b«. r*u»»pl»»fi«l will
•nakt jou • *»«••'nw*.. t'tie* J-Ja '"it^r«»,* ' «
tl Hf-iiV.f ti nnv • .•»(*•*« Tti-" fti+turn Urn/
••«.   >.-.<->«tliarln--    «»»*U
For Sale at Olentdcll't Drug Store.
od with "tho powers that bo," thoy
thoy would vory likely havo called hlm
a Tory,
Kvory grr-nt reform that has romo
to blcHP the humnn rnco has boon
brought!' about by mon who dnrcd to
think for,, tliAmsolvos and nilno a
'howl" against olil-OHtabllflhcd ciiHtonm,
HiipcrHtltloiid, tradition*) and Iiihi I tu*
tIoiib. Tho mnn who Is content to
spend IiIh dnyH walking carefully In (lio
woll-wm-ii and dusty pallia that boar
tho footprints of tho multitude nono
before him hnn novor boon known to
help romody any groat ovIIh of bad
gov.niiiHiiit,
Mr, Nance Is mistaken when ho
thinks tho avorago SoclnllHt is nn Ignoramus, Tho doopGBt lliinkors, tho
trucKt Christians nnd the best Informed men nnd women In our nation todny nro RoclollstH, Tho mivugo Ignorant mob Mr. Nanco IiIoh to put off on
lho Boclallut party bclon*-; to thc Democratic and Hopubllcnn pnrtlos, and
thoy always "voto for tho nomlnco" of
(du pitrty '.J.ur (jumiigt'd io. 1 havo
seen countk'ti go overwhelmingly dry
In Texas and th<*ini tlwt n whiskey man
for sheriff. How was this douoT It
was this way: Tho liquor forces by
-nt'iiciiiiiig, 1111111*1 111111 imrigtit. got llicir
candidate lho nomination in the primary and tho prohibitionists voted for
him In the Koneral election rntber
than bolt the Democratic party! Does
this look liko all the fools are In tho
Hnrinllnt pnrt-.'? When Pop.)Jf<_m wns
gaining ground in Texas (I used to bo
n Popiill*'. Minnk ''od). I have hcanl
Democrats say thoy "would volo for a
horse thief on the nomorrstle ticket
rather than support au honest Populist!"
l.lltU*! p*ink-j; -.re. good only wbvii
they rcpreienf piludplua tbiit Will
benefit And uplift the great mats of the
Prosont day todies loach us plainly
what the condition of tho flftoon
thousand mine omployoos will bo llko
if lho workors fall to stand unitod.
Within tho last four years tho miners havo began to rcallzo tho increasing powor of tho conl companies, and
conslderod (ho advisability of taking
stops to strmigthcn tliolr position; particularly ns thoy could no longor trust
their oxocutlvo officers' to put their
resolution*.  Into offoct,
"In May, 1008, a Bpoclal conforonco
was hold, which docldod, to tako a ro-
forondum voto and (horoby determine
whether the Society would amalgamate wltli tho United Mlno Workors
of America fa body -100,00 strong) or
remodel their own organization. Tho
voto was, taken and a substantial majority resulted In favor of amalgamation..
"Tho rank and fllo nwoltod and expected nothing olso than that tho of-
flrer«i wnuM nrrnni-'n ♦"tin n-mnV'-Jt-mM***.'***
but tho chief nfflner, on th***** advli*****. of
a notorious capitalist, handy-man, Ifl-
NOUKI) TIIll VOTE
"That Is tho principal causo of tho
strikes and sufferings Inflicted upon
tho mlnerR nnd tbelr fnrnllles dnrlni**
tho past eighteen months,
"Tho votors In the referendum Mood,
by their principle and camo out on
Btrlko aftor tlto Coal Company dl**
charged one thousand mon for no reason than (hat they quietly nnd peaceably Jotnul U.i* UnlU-d Mine Workers
lho day boforo. Then this company
n|umt. ouo* moun (turns ot money in gathering scab lnbor from many countries, and wt-re aeslsled In th-.tr tyrannical worlc by SO-CALLED LAHOn
LRADBnn. That Is, leaders of lho
Utile union uidch (he men voted out
Of cx.a.uic., i_i.il u &<,«_ jiWtu* off IU*
last dying eaxp.
"Strike-breaking*, agencies aro employed by tho corporations.
"Hundreds of families woro evicted
from  tho  Company- houses  in  tho
depth, ot a Canadian winter and iho
windows boarded up.    '
"Soldiers woro sent to tho scene
to holp protoct tho Company In Its
work. ■ Innumerable prosocutlons woro
i-nstllutod against the strikers for tho
most frivolous reasons. Reader, picture to yourself mon who profess to bo
Union lenders co-operating with tho
oporators In such a business I
"All tho mlno workers at Springhiil,
Nova Scotia, about 10,00 camo out on
striko on August 10th, 1000, to enforco
"RECOGNITION OP TII13 UNION;
"A NEW  SCALI3 AGREEMENT;.
"PAYMENT OF COAL PER TON,
Instead of por box.
,  "AND A VAUl DOCKING SYSTEM.
"Tho conl company at Springhiil
hnvo usod tho same methods as woro
usod at Glaco Bay, with tho rosult
that thoy woro, compelled to sell out
to,the Dominion Stool Corporation.
"Tho Springhiil miliars havo stood
firmly nnd law-abiding for sixteen
months and havo not tho slightest Intention of roturnlng to work until (ho
company nro roady to do luminous In a
fair manner,
"Wo appeal to our llrltlsh follow-
workmen to bo cautious,
"If you aro told this fight Is merely
a dlfforonco botwoon two labor unions, don't bollovo it. If you contoni-
plato emigrating to Canada tako ovory
precaution to seo MiBt you arc* not
load blindly to placos whore troublo
exists, or Is Ukoly to occur,
"VntrH   ..   ^vilTinri'   i"\,0   l.rC'ft   Ofirffi   to
| tho Union nt fMrlnphlll hnve stn*<»d
thoy woro' engaged tb work at mlnos
whoro no striko existed, but when
thoy arrlvod wore told thoro wero no
jobs, nnd attempts woro mado to In-
ilurn thi-iTTi to hn-rnmn slriVMironVerwr
thus (hoy were deceivod and strandod
In a strange land.
"Nova Scotia minors now seo thoy
must got ready for anothor fight.
"■BEWARE of mon who might como
amongst yoiji calling tbomselves Labor Union iifflours, and trying to Indues you to com* to Nova Scotia,
"Union off.c-._-.rs and lnbor reprew-n-
(alive*, please advertise the strike. .
"Read It at all m-Mtln^s.
"Will tho press kindly publish thlt
Information?
UNITED MINK WORKERS
api'luKMU, Uov;*. 3iotU
December 19th, 1910.
, - -      1   • -    i r  l
Vaudeville
Night
I. , ..
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr.
rLarge_Aitiy„5Lodms_*8c,
Good Board .
Ross & Mackay tim
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Hill'll IH III. ' I iff
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,. B.C.
Mcintosh; McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Open for nil kinds nf 1>iih1iiohh
In tlioir lino."
Addross Box 97        Fornio
KING'S HOTEL
Ihu* supplied wltli  the  best Wines,
Lli'iim-M nnd Clgim*
PINING HOOM  IN OONNICCTJON
W. MILLS,
' Prop
f r.    •    r   i i*i   ,i f
rHMIIH-riltl a.HHIH
Browing Go., Ltd.
Beer
,.\\
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
THB  "LEDOBR"  FOR  JOB  WORK
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwig*, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
>r
^im^mmmmmmimummmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Nowhere In the Pats can be
found In such a display of
Meats
Wo have the best -i-tonoy
oan buy of Deaf, Pork, Mutton,' Veal,   Poultry,   Outter,
rn.,.'r\.t,   •<(. V--• -r t•      __
-   *..*«    '      *-'   i        ' ■ ..a. V, M.VI     t .M...4,
and Bn.en" turd,   BntiM**-,***.*-,
Welners and 8auer Kraut.
PHONE OP'CALL
Calgary Cattle C
Phone (6
LJ
POZOR
Iu Ita Uauc o£ thn ClU wo not. ihat
Tho Slocan Record contains a pars-
Kraj>h oillcd from this Jouraa), but
m no comment Is mado thereon we
are at a to*** to know *4r„-e*i).er mt
s<iTiffm»**)nf.i nn approve-! of or cou*
domned.
rt/l
il
I*'-
I., . #-■•_.
::.--"i*ft_i.
*_"»-T—-."*.-
-\T
r ■
V
•THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 15,1911,
PAGE   THREE
K
\.i
, Mr President and Gentlemen:—In an
' Indirect way the subject,of federal and
7 state * compensation to injured;*, work-
'men" has been" brought, to your atten-"
tion before and doubtless, will be agailn
,. for, the subject'IS'-.one that-."will not
doMiv    -It'will continue   to. agitate
- nipr.V minds 'until- there*Js  a 'more
humane method' of -treating ' our*.In-
.' dustrlal ".wounded, and , caring   for
' those left dependent* when "the ,bread-
'winner is killed.,"  We have iri vari-
• ous "forms in practically the entire
^  country Employers' Liability.      How
unsatisfactory this Is, statistics chosen
,. at random "will suffico to, show.
Under the present method of paying
liability loss than 40 cents of every
dollar paid by the employers In the
United States reaches,the men, women and children for whose care and
- .comfort It should be given.'    This 'of
- m, itself is unbusinesslike and inhuman,
but what ls worse, nearly one-half of
. ofi the 40 cents is'takenbefore it even
get a chance to get into' tho pockets
; of the, injured workmen or their' .ami-'
lies.    This, obviously, la the, result of
an indirect ■ method of '..disbursement
"  in practice' generally—the' method of
paying .. compensation .. through the
.   courts. '• ''       '    ,
The bad effect of such a system can
- .best be grasped when oiie finds 304
fatal accidents In one county,,leaving
more than'200 families dependent,' and
.'8 of them "receiving not one cent,of
'  compensation ,for the death of their
breadwinner     .Practically the entire
.   three hundred were'contrlbuting to' the
. support of others besides themselves.
* Ninety-two families received funeral
•expenses only.     Thus'180 of'the 304
' cases cited; of 59 per* cent, of those
families were-left to bear the entire
Income'loss. Of the families remaining, only; 62, or 20 per, cent,* secured
. In compensation more, than $500 for
".or "-.the'death of a. provider—a' sum
*, which woiild approximate one year's
'' income of the lowest .* paid worker,
•killed.    -.    "*      '    '" ; ■
It is' often pointed .out'* that the. bur-
* den must eventually be borne by the
'•■community.,/ But wait.     Out of 526
'.men killed in Pittsburg the city,was
,- called upon to bury six, arid only seven
. * families made any direct demand upon
' '- charity, and'.iri'these the items !of re-
I*
' lief .were small. - "Out of 132  fatal
-- cases; 59 of the widows left went to
- work, cleaning offices, taking. board-
fen, -washing, etc1.   "Out' of  the  132'
1 families, 22 childreri'wjrG'taken out of
* school before they wero 16, Immediate-'
,v ly after the* accidents," - ■'-
**• .These aro somo of the things that
follow Industrial accidents, and,    although It robs charity of much "credit,
It proves that as a; rulo tho family of
tho American' worker is not. without
a sense of prldo and Independence ln
taking up the bunion of existence.
,    A" well-framed and well-enforced law
rogulatlng this.mnttor Is of Importance
to every mining mail.     Tho future
holds no l-onaorinble hopo, despite our
best efforts, that-tho'mining of coal
will. ccoso to bo attended with death
nnd injury; and lt behooves ,, us,' by
honeflclent legislation, to alleviate tho
human   misory   inevitably   resulting
whon nccldonts occur,
In nearly nil IndiiHtrlnl nations, with
tho exception of our own, this hns
in varloim ways boon,, dono; nnd In
cortnln Isohilcd enscs—parllcularly by
ono of our slate's Inritost employers—
tho iiiltntlvo hns preceded i tho Inovl-
tnhlo iiltlmnlo fruinlii*? of such a statute. Public opinion favors a fairer
. liability lnw — ono thnt shall deal
Biiuaroly with omployer, not less than
oniployofl,,, Our prosont method works
qullo ns uiijiislly on llio oporntors , na
ns it doos on tho mon, iho only dlfforonco Ir wo, ns n rulo, Aro bolter
nblo to Btntiil It,
Mnny oorporntloiiH—Romo of them
In minim, business unci somo out of
It—hnvo, however, found tho Injustice
of our proBont conipoimatlon lnw Intolerable. Such lnrgo concorns ns tho
Clo'volnnil-Cllffn Iron Co., iho Unitod
Sliilos Conl nml Coho ,Co„ nnd ninny
, othors, lmvo formpil plans of tliolr own
und to-dny nro currying lliom out Independently of tho Ihwr provided for
hiic'Ii cnHOH,     Whilo such Indlvldunl
effort Is- worthy of emulation so long
as present. conditions -exist, -yet it'
cannot,.in the nature ,,of .'things be
the .best • thing possible., '. It'** speaks
loudly for'the need of" a common-law
to govern -all'-alikei engaged In industrial pursuits, ,a law governing 'Ha.
bllity that shall make it unnecessary
for one or two corporations to make
tlieir qwn laws in order to have one
worth while, '• * -v ■   .-' -..   ""    ,*
. -"\
'. Thorough "investigation on the part
of those - gentlemen ■ responsible for
these self-protective measures • have
found a conditiori' unparalleled in any
large Industrial country. They found
a very pressing need of revision arid
cautiously but surely revised and amended to suit their .own particular
needs. , They found that the fees exacted by casualty companies were out
of all reasonable proportion with the
amount that reached tlieir injured men
and the widows and children of those
K'lled.: So • they placed their liability
to their employes on' a business basis,
and have the satisfaction of knowing
that, while their own method may not
be the'best'that could be drafted "and
enforced, yet It does result In each
dollar going, in to the stricken, homes
of their workmen. So far, that is very
good considering the chaos and injustice It has displaced. ■ 7
* Unfortunately ' many * corporations,
while having the best of intentions
towards" their injured miners and the
.wives and children of those who- are
killed, are'' not' in a financial position
to essayi the philanthropy, and perhaps
are* not strong enough to compel a
species of insurance' with-an employe-
personnel that Is here to-day arid gone
to-morrow, or at. best- Is more or less
antagonistic to any insurance fee' being deducted from. pay"?'envelopes for
that which mey never* occur to them*-
. The employer grieves at the ,, harrowing spectacle of abject dependence
and poverty,too-often presented in individual homes following the family's
deprivation of it*** usual Income. Unless a general provision is made to
give* monetary relief in- even- the most
deserving case'.would set a precedent
the employer—being totally .without reimbursement from any point—might
find beyond'his.'means to follow.. This
.would—creat.~&— d!fficu!tv-*Aho-end—oL
which none could forsee;, arid If the
employer takes advantage of the tentatlvo offers of .certain casualty companies, and covers the possibility of
accident by Insurance,. tie  generally
finds the-result unfavorable from every
..*..,   -_   ,-,   ,      ,    3.S »,
point of view. The money ho would
have to give to tho .poor family de-.
piived of its breadwinner—tho monoy
ho paid in hard cash to-secure as lie
thought for that very • laudable purpose, ho,finds is used chiefly,in the
maintenance of a small army of expert
llgltants; and the reasons these export gentlemen can dig up from the
simplest kind of testimony why tho
Injured mnn or his family should not
rocolvo compensation Is" simply astonishing, and nstonlRhes tho employer
ns much ns it mortifies the mnn seeking redi-OBs .through tho. courts.
Tho ono Improbnblo chnnco of Indemnity thnt tho Injured hns Is to
provo tho employer responsible, nnrt
oven In Hint caRO tho operator neocl
not provo himBclf Innocent; thq, injured ninn,.Instead niust. provo hhn.
guilty.     ,    ,
Horo is whoro'tho legal representative of thccnsunlty company gots tlio
lion's shnro of lho argument* and In
the fnco of this long-oslnbllshcd phnso
of lOngllHli common-law, now obsoleto
In TCiiglnnil, tho omployer who hns pnld
monoy ostensibly1 for tho benefit of
his om'ployoH stands helpless, Until
thoro Ih onnctod n specific statute oil-
mlnntlng this idea of "contributory
neKllgoneo" for ovor from tho zone of
logul equity, It will bo usod for this
hnnoful purpose,'
Not long ngo n mulo driver received liitcrnnl Injuries, Ho wns sent to
thin hospltnl, nnd tho enso wns placed
hy tho conl compnny with tlio Iwiur-
nnco corporation nnrryln'g snld compnny. responsibility In minli moon.
Somo time lntor a rolntlvo of tho In-
ju rod man sought tho moro justlco of
at" least'" hospital expenses,-realizing
that'the accident' was'-due-largely to
carelessness on" the part'of the injured
man. ,-He was referred to the^main
office of' the superintendent , of .'the
mine,' knowing almost .to" a certainty
that his errand .would be<, fruitless
The men 'composing that* mining. ,_cpr-
poration are far from being the-kiiman
juggernauts that poor broken.mlner
and "his relatives would naturally believe.. , I know personally'5 thafnqthlng
would have pleased them' better than
an opportunity to make fair compensation to their injured employe, "to relieve hlm of physical anguish and financial burden at the time above all
others when he was unable to bear
the latter. Yet they could do nothing more than tliey had already done
—carry insurance with the only available companies existing under our
present laws. . 'Shortly after tbo fruitless visit of the injured man's relative came an astute legal light from a
nearby, city "seeking "some phase of
'negligence which would • place ■ the
whole burden' on other shoulders -.ban
those of the insurance company_ie represented. ' * Quite naturally, the very
purpose of these,casualty'associations
is opposed'to 'compensation. -With
them It is a business*, just as mining
coal is a' business with you and me:
and their chief,aim is to secure, Uie
most in premiums at the least outlay
Otherwise-they, could not exist.   -
. The faplt ,is not*'theirs; but lies
in ■ the antiquated methods *.of law
which leaves us only these round plugs
to fit into square holes. Nor does
the'evil stop there; because, under the
present system, the fact alone that
the employers; or many of them, have
the insurance company standing bcl-
•ween them and claims' for damages*
by Injured workmen does not breed a
desire for precaution that would t-xist
in. case a liability law were In effect.'
Unconsciously, the present ^system allow.' high "pressure,'-'and "make viola-
lton of* necessary rules almost excusable.     ■, '       "'.*-  . ,
To the average employer this -,illum-
inatiyo" idea, which,'to,'quote ari em-'
Inent'English jurist, -."originated -with
Lord Abenger and to*which, the devil
gave aid arid increase,", is not" only
-pbnoxiousr-but-confoundlngi—It-is^-P*
posed tn his" sens'}" of- equity.     That a
Imperial insurance office whose decision'is final.*. 7  __ /'-*,     *' .     \ *
The result of this method has'been
highly, satisfactory, to" the German people.- .*', In', 'the.' year.", 1906, ^63,000,000
marks* were distributed through the
sick, fund, arid. 1451000,000 marks fo?
sickness and- compensation. In addition, -Jt ;is said--nearly, all the great
industrial establishments add to their
compulsory * compensation '■ by-, voluntary,' contributions.; ''"'.'"
The German—an intensely practical
people—reached workmen's compensation through the" same logical'deduc
tions by which^/vre... as an .industrial
people, must eventually reach it.
.They had abundant evidence in every
village, town and city where industry
on a -, large scale is carried on that
when the workman's family is deprived of its sole means of subsistence the
result is not only misery, poverty and
starvation in whole or in part to those
who aro dependent, but, under old methods that the result is undeniably
inimical to the .best interests of the
community.* They reached the simple
conclusion that so long as dangerous
labor must be performed by human
hands and human' bodies, , accidents
would happen. - Further, that an accident would not be an accident If it
could-bo foreseen, prevented,.predicted, or avoided; that accidents are the
inevitable result of. the trade. Therefore, since they' stood always liable
to occur and having occurred, wrought
a pernicious result that" money only
can permanently relieve ,the way to
a satisfactory solution lay in providing
that money, by insurance, just as any
other possible loss ,1s provided for.
The"Germans consider an accident,as
such, regardless of the fact that some
fool; added his . contributory mite to
the incapacity ;of. a fellow workman.
This should not,'and does not, remove
the human element from the case; nor
does It of .Itself satisfy the poor family's  needs.
"England, who gave "us this present
illogical method of defeating justice,
long ago saw the fallacy of it, and removed it absolutely from her statutes.
There, .the.employer is liable for' all
accidents.' In case of injury to a"ser-
vant'the master pays his employe 50
per cent, of his weekly earnings, provided that does riot come • to mdr-e
than £1,per*week. The method for
those-under age Is slightly different,
but .the result to the employer Is similar. ' Compensation in case of^death
is 3'years' wages, or £150, whichever
is larger, but in no case- to exceed
£300; compensation Is " paid to "the
injured workman or to the deceased
workman's   dependents "ino a" weekly
.►
Sixty Years the Standard
\RE AM*
BAKING
P0WDSR
A Cream of Tartar Powder
Made from Grapes
NO ALUM
voi thy man, injured while on duty in
,an IncidRtrial pursuit-should be com-
renufitecl regardless of the fact, that
hi? employer lias used due,.care cr
regardless of tlio fact that'his employe
or his fellow'workman has been careless arid negligent, and have directly
or indirectly contributed toward the
accident, admits of little argument in
the minds of most mining officials;
in fact, it has been generally conceded
by the majority, of men' who hnve
had occasion' to speak on the subject.
Rathor, to thologlcal mind thc fact
he has been' so'rlously Injured, and
through no fault of his own ls disqualified to further contlnuo the strugglb
for a living iuul tho maintenance of
his dependents, is not tho least ot reasons why, the workmen should rocolvo
compensation nt the hands of| those
ablo'nnd qualified to glvo It,, „
The numbor of employers who flatly deny tho nood and justlco of dlroct
compensation Is so small ns to bo
hardly worthy of notico. Tho fnct
thnt this strenuously struggling nn-
tion has Its legnl nnd industrial affairs ln nn unsettled stnto, Is nbout
tho only logicnl reason, why a workmen's compensation net hns not boon
mado an Integral pnrt of our national
or stato law,
From whnt, cei-tnii souroos shnll a
fund for this purposo bo drawn? ISvci
thoso countrlon In which tho Idon of
componsntloii. hns long been n pormu-
nonl feature differ In method, whilo
being uiiimlint-iis In prlnclplo,
Thnt bf (Jorinnny—which wns the
first to uiilvoi'imlly coiiipoiiHiito for
donth or Injury lu Indimtry*—hnH sonio
fenturos whloli nppenl (o nn Amorlcnn;
hut It nlso linn ifoino which won id
lio hnrdly nppllcnblo hero, Tlioio,
nccldont liiH\irnnco In coiiipul'-oiy,
I'linds nro rnlsotl hy trado uHHO-rlnlJoitn
formed specifically for thnt pnriinK'j.
Thoso compensation associations cover
nil dnimcroiiH occupations, and dlshui'Ke
to (he workman, or lho dependenth of
n workmnn totnllly Incnpacltntoil, nn
nmount eqnnllng Iwo-thlrdu of hU
wnBe»—two-thirds of which roinp'"*nHii-'
tion is given out of a fund nccnnni*;
from nn iiHHOBfiiiicnt mndo on w»roh of
employes, .ind onethlnl from funds of
the employ-in., If the disability con
tlnues beyond 13 weeks tho conipr-ii**'.'**
Mni1  fnwon  ftr\ll»'rl«-  r*.'.t  r,f li-ir, f,iii,y\i1''.
orn' yinoVot, in p. •■*•*.• nf don Hi. eoni-l
ponnntlon Is provided for funeral ox-
ponscs ,nnll n pension for the widow
until her denili or reninn*la«*|), find
for ovory child under If- yonrs of
nro. The tf.lt.1 rn-nriTi .lsatlnn In nnv
ctiso Is not to oxeced (10 per cent of (lie
deceased workman's yearly enrnleRS.
In tho event of n widow's if.mni**
lingo she Is -jivi-n 00 per cent, of n
yenr's eiirnlni***. In n lump sum, wlilrh
settles h-qr account against (lie ns*o
(Ulloti. To lurry thin itml, IiihIh nt,-
sedations form Insurance Associations
lor (li-iiuito liiittricii.. All xxtuUn in
ench district In which compensation Is
a factor fnir-r sml aro pariU-s to ihls
pro rata- ,_,.*■
,!*, Compensation in England Is-madea
burden on industry. Fully 13,000,000
people are now working under its provisions, and are in line for its benefits" In • case accidents incapacitates
them. ■ A member . of the, British
Parliament, in speaking to certain Americans, found a difference of opinion
regarding the English method of placing tho cost of compensation totally on
tho employer. He said in its justification, that the great, majority, of
thinking men hi Great Britain believe
the method right, It makes tho mat-
tor a universal one of additional Insurance. Under tho now British Liability Law no employer ln any part
is fnvorodnt the expense of [mother,
as was the case In tho old law. Peoplo engaged ln other than manual labor and policemen only aro excluded
from Its benefits. ■ Thus, ovory corporation and every individual employ-
or, whothor he numbers his servants
by ton or ten thousand, must tako this
posslblo risk'Into account at tho start,
just as ho .loos vognrdlng his boilers,
his buildings, his flywheols, his pinto
glnss. Ho Blmply extends tho Insurance to tnko In tho humnn lifo used
ln his business for tho snmo purpoito
ns his boilers or his flywlmosl—to
crcntc profit, The regulnr wnges nro
pnld for tho lnbor performed nnd do
not--nB with us goiiernlly—nlso covor
the personal risk. . Every industry is
made to bear its own cost of insurance. '■•■'' , , - - -*
,-'.!Th'is is the'rsituation in Great Britain and in every country where' compensation is in force—with* the exception • of "Gerriian,' Austria-Hungary arid
Luxemburg:' ■ The employing interest's
sustain the whole structure. vIri,the
four countries named, however, .employes bear part of the expense.- In
all countries, definite "compensation.,,is
fixed by law and* in all'countries except Sweden* it is based on the previous','earuing capacity of the injured
.workman." In Sweden a flat sum is.
paid regardless of previous .earnings.
While the methods differ, yet the
central'idea remains* the same, ln
Germany and Austria, the workman is
sensibly made aware of his particlp-
ancy in carrying this protection. Such
a scheme might work out, here, if tlie
better one of placing a small^tax on
coal production wore not grasped as
the means to • tho same end, t If
rnot,,tho resultant burden placed wholly on the employing interests of our
state'could not prove much worse than
the uncertain one we carry, to-day.
If certain constitutional difficulties
could be overcome to-the end" that
the matter of liability could be made
a federal instead of an individual state
matter alone, the way out of the difficulty seems .plain. *; ,
It'would seem'that the most, practical and logical way would.be _n the'
form of a slight, tax on each ton of
coalproduced hi the United Slates   The
difference to the .consumer would be
scarcely noticeable; the difference to
the welfare of our miners, and ..our
miner's families would be beyond com-*
putation. "  I speak only of this matter as It concerns.^our trade."     If congressional provisions. can be secured
to' cover our industry, of course, they
will of necessity be iriore or less universal and the result be beneficial to
all industries.     Many signs point to a
general awakening everywhere through
out this country in the respect ,of the
public's duty   to   its   injured toilers.
"Men. and women too, In constantly In-'
.creasing numbers, are beginning to see
in a wounded soldier of industry a fellow human equally' deserving afepub-
lic bounty as the man who falls while
bearing arms.     Both are essentials'to
the peace, the greatness, and the .ultimate .welfare of any nation; and the
fact that the miner, the mill worker,
or the man who sets iri place the steel
"columns"for our huge and    towering
buildings, loses his'.'arm. his limb, or
his-life without the attendant heroics
and the brazen blare of the battlefield does not, In the minds of sober-
"thinking""TJ80pier0'detracir'one~iota1"froiir
the worthiness of his action or the
just deserving of reward:     General
Edward   O'Toole  sa"ys:' -"I  may  add
that the public shows in many ways
that it* Is not only willing but eager
to pay a few additional cents per tori
for its steel or its coal, if thereby the
business of producing these necessaries may be conducted In a -safer and
moro humane manner'.'
We have all folt at times the anguish of impotency in face of, a 'great
need that was too obvious, too glaring, to be hidden, and too pitifully insistent to be casually Ignored.    A few
of.us—unfortunately a few-—havo soon
this.crying; vital need   amplified'  by
tens nnd hundreds following a mlno explosion.   * Then, being Impotent, wo
hnvo tried to forget; but' before long
it hns'happened ngnln, nnd tho same
dismal scene, unrelieved by tho gleam
of humnn sunshine that efficient compensation would, lend to tho picture,
hns been gono nil over ngnin,    Again
nnd again wo havo boon an unwilling
participant In that moral nnd physical
tension which Is thrust by theso nccl-
onts  ori  tho  employing  ns  woll   as
omployed, on tho official us well as
the subordinate     That mlnlnk mnn
who docs not live nor work, I hopo, In
Wost Virginia who, nt such times, hns
xcursmn
(
To
." ^TpDate will be announced
^jf later—so watch  for. it.
- ' , - ■■     - c. i.
, Visiting- the entire district
See .before you, buy. Write
me.for full particulars..
Dig , in; the ' ground  for  a
livelihood, you'll be under
,, soon enough !   'Five acres
cultivated will- prolong life
'■and provide a competence
for old age. „       -,    .   -
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
Cityj well located and water
I
I
I    Joe Grafton
m ° ■
Feriiie
B, C;
Head .Office Toronto, 8,King,St. W,/
Branches aiid connections throughout *
'■'      ■„_'.' Canada :,    ;,■.'.
British and Foreign Correspondents iir all
. the important cities of the world
-»d Notes discounted and general banking
business transacted
Full Compound Interest paid on Savings Accounts
, of One Dollar or more        • „ °.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager' Fomie
.,-;,.i i_i._._i__i>_rl-ii-_*_r-_«rt__**l
bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
(Continued on pngo fi)
Mine Explosion Adds
i       "
Another 100 to List
LITTI.KTON*, Aln., April 8,-Of tho
100 lo UiO millers who nro brllovod
to hnvo met dciith In tho explosion nt
tho Ilnnnnr mliiox of lho I'rntt Conso*
lidnted Conl Compnny nenr here, curly
to-day, less thnn linlf-n-dnzcn bodies
hnve been recovered when tho work of
roBcuo wnH tcmpornrlly nu8|iendod ni
nightfall.
Tho vont lint Ihr fniiH were ileritroyeil
niul the deadly damp Kcnorntml hy tho
oxploxlon wiih n men-ice to nil who nt-
templed to oiiter Iho worklm***-*.
It mny he ftoveriil dnyH hoforo nil the
dead lmvo heen recovered.    Lnto thlH
flri*r>rnnn.i nil lintw flint lho mon ro-
mnlnlnt? In thn mlno woro nllve wan
Riven Up.
While no offielnl statement Iiiih 'd'-oii
inailf, It In Im'1I()\-*<1 Uio oxplOKlon wm
mimed hy unfety powder ignited hy n
ken out by rnm-uori.' ScorbH of vol-
uiKonm woro on hnnd, brought hy
lho nlnrm, nnd ninny mndo heroic effort'* to bring out iho vletlniR. Thin
worlc proved effective mil 11 the dondly
gnHCR roue-hod the iiinln tdinfl. Into
which tho men were hended,
Tho Htntn mine liiHpecior nnd IiIh iih-
Instant, together wllh Hevernl other ex.
por!h hurried fo llm initio when iho
iidwh of tho dlHtiHter i(-achf.il liliuilng-
hnin. Dr. Drown, In chnrgo of Dw
-uoveiniiietil reHcun Mullon nt I'lrm*
iii'-lmni joined Ihem, nnd .iHHl'ite 1 Mr,
r.ull.oiiHo In directing lho rwn" woili.
-nut".**' IXin ii-V*.. ninn .*■•«•.*..• In iht»
I I'li-p nud who nre liellev .1 to >w ile.nl
\wr:   .lohn WhUo, Kdwnrd Cmury   if
j CnlOioiin County;  O. W. Spnulling, n
•(inviel foreman, and Leo Ikiinl,
The fntnl nftoMlmnp which followed
Capital Paid Up   ,    .,   •    .
Reserve and Undivided Profit*
$2,750,000
$3,250,000
$6,000,000
Total AsteU
Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J, R. LAWRY, Afjent
FERNIE
VOTEB FOR WOMEN
Thnt t)o« Mnlm-p, lown, womnn wlio
ordered lho iiiiihh meeting of cuffriiK-
ottoH to get "bne.. to tho home" wnH
not cruzy, but vory riiilounl. Wo-
mini's proper plm-e |h lioino, nml If hIiu
mliken thnt tidy, nnd koepn It ko, ulio
will hold ii greater plnco in tho world
tlmn if hho hnd ten voW-h.--I!. M, W.
or A   .Tftiit'iinl
. V..** —f)\\\tn rli'ht WoTnnn'o *prn|ii-r
plnee In home: provided, however, Mint
hhe hnn one. Am for giving ln-r a vote,
nliliough it In poKxihlii tlmt h!h_ might
Her Socreti
Why Sho Alwayt Lookod So Young
ICvPTyorirt ri'tora to h.r as on* of
{.lio i..i'1-.t umiictivo woinon |n town.
It wiimi l 1i*t f'-uturcu, fur wlillo ickh-
Jar, tliny -,y,.re not unuhuiil. Hut tho
ciiirin lny in tha lioiul of mUrnitl*-.
vlKoi-i-is huh- Imi, mnde a v.i'ltiil.l.
cnnvri.     It.   h.1,1   ii,ui   imcullnr   lutitrn
—-Jon cuiililn't look al h _■ wltliout
uii.-.iiiHi-liMiiily r.niiini.-iitliiii on tl ij
lit-iuty of lior Imlr. ,
,  \\ non   aoko,**   h„w   H|,n   ^pp,   (t   m>
.......A*.    -,..,.    L, lili,-,i    llt.il    If    WhM    Ilrt
•MT<it, Hliimiy urnpi-r Hl'iimV "ilt.i-   r™.
;_'■ .V".'ivl"v.i,ii,i u"» ««iiiici»!|.ii-_u»
in-    f.f   IMiBuifin*..     mm   miiniit",1    7
Iliiii   »i'_t  ,ilU,l>.     ,i:on   It,   t(m,   conrHtlnt.
Imi  Ilml ■Il.Vjii.I Wr.iZK ?"27?«
ever irot   for tho  lialr,    n
HilfiH*   »lio   ...    	
mlHiiHO It, wo doubt If grenter nilwmlieH ! ffriVj!" H\l,\\Thnir wXlf ho'^!',^
lriTiin nnd  fi)llf>wt,il  l)V ri-mt.      When < tho exiiloilon hnn no fnr Uenf lhr> r_-lWnnlil lie -nindn tfnn fhnrnrfei-he tlie   **■*•''■'* *■•» 'ir.-**-- .n(t.-r li*. m.
lho dIrIiI «rew lel't lho mlnoH shorlly
lK>foro tho explosion hnppened, Night
Tiro noun Spnrlts reportotl Iho ronill*
Hon of the mlno nu goo*l nnd tho day
Khlft wn« nont. to work.
Thero were 170 men In nil, only five! I went y
of  v...-..™, 'iix'ixi- ffi'« l'.ilim-*_r*.     Tl.«.
othem wero ronvlrta, mott of them
in-mtii-1*, ,
[mmedintcly following (he oxploxlon
nr-v-fral of the eonvlti_ *wllh mlnint-
agreement, but pay only according toleicperleneo disc-oven**! fhut tho bJnr*K*
itwrn fivnn priiflrrtlliig Uio mine, al-
i_-.-iu.--li <hoj' hnve been fnr enough Into
Dw hit'Hor to neo n grui'Homo pile of
human bodies huddled together nenr
lho shnft. It Im cRilmnled Hint nbout
corpae* nro In till* pile.
Tl.!.*. .'.(".ivi'.oon iho u.Utkitbi'1 t..i ■.'.
roiild be bf-nril knocking on lhe pipe*
l.l'llln,   Will   I 111* |*l   U   till   OlllltlloUl*   Villi-
r_ea» lo-tilgh! which indieutes ihnt the
nttfrdarno ban -done IU de.iiilv work.
The romm work   ennnot   proeervl
tho rink Involved.    A bonrd of direr-
tor* tompuici ihe amount to be allow-
-J, fl'UUV wLlMU lil.4-l.i_*. UU *_l>i*.-J,l u_y
be mi»«!e flml to a court of art .tr»-
lion, formed of e-junl numbera of cm*
ployes and fra**iloj**r«, la-itly to Ihe
Jdnmp was forming. They nprond tho I Mf-My tintll the mlno ono bo l»rnt»lc-vl
[alarm nud tunny itArtt-d _ rare wlUni-o thut fi/-0. klr tan bn in:tod i-i to
'div-Atlv U) tlie -.'titT'liv*-*.*. \dD.n  ut'   ttm  -W.U.      TLU   '-af.   f:
Kortjr-flv*.   of  lho, mlnen  r«acl.e.l, polntr on fo-nlght, but It prot-iMy will
thn uutriile in unf My, or gol within bail-, In- .-.v..ml dn>« before nil of the bod*
, iri? dlmance of tb** nbatl. and were t_- lr--> p'o r-^rovere-1
i ;
uetloiiH of (he "lotdn of cii-lilioii" nl
ihe pol In. Ik-fore mnnliocl HiiffrnK- wu«*
pilneil the nihli-o wiih often |{iveti lo
he woikhiKiiK'n that InwmiiUliiK nIkjiiI'I
bo left In Iho hnndu of their bettvrH..)
■ o«l,| In, jun A* iHracUv.'fwHi'riu!
ton«  M.m„   »jr5l,„  „10  hftl* ^"^
Mlto   KmnJ   1'i.riilitliiii, *
\n\ir   N-'.il   Hrnu:   Kt<,r,.   w|-|   cil()flr.
fiilly.Ci.u„nt Ilr»ul.>n»   ti   do in
.<*l«liii«d t.ir If   it ml ov.ry wo.
It to litrkdr to try Jt
thnt  lii
man oxx-t*
H. H. Depew
Ker  Snle nti'l  (liiarnntet-1
N, C. 3UODADY
by
ELECTRICAL I.NGINEER    ANO
COtiTRACTOa
One for each «v«ryday *ilm«ol
P. O. BOX 4?3.
FCRNIE ;'LEDGER'   ADS   BRINO   BUSINESS __^*M-J*UK*l^^l*WgW***^^
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., APRIL 15,1911,
G.lje M^itul £&$&;
1. Published every Saturday morning at its office,-
Pella. Avenue,' Fernie, B.'G." Subscription* $1.00,
per year _n advance. 0 An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the* District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for,the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color'work.. Mailorders receive special attention.
Address all communications to-The District Ledger/
- ,  " *'   \ -   ^   J. W, BENNETT,'* Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
COMMENTS ON THE LEMIEUX CASE
Til
v
HE "criticism of "The Industrial Disputes In-
estigation Act," far probably .better known as
the Lemieux Act ,because of its paternity, appearing recently in the press, vary in strict conformity
with the political tiiige of the' publication uttering*
♦ them. <•       ' ,
,' The'Victoria Times, commenting editorially, ut
considerable length', speaks eulogistically. of* this
piece of remedial (?) legislation, and at the same
time scolds the miners because they did not make
application i'or this panacea of industrial ills to be
called into requisition, characterizing.'this failure as
an evidence of "faulty judgment," 'conveniently
avoiding any mention whatsoever of the other parly
to the controversy. . Thus to single out the "mine-
workers smacks too much of a double-tinted parti-
anship; firstly because of a desire to champion the.
cause df the Minister of Labor, and secondly to
catechise the eoal operators. '    "
Criticism adverse to "this Act appear in the. News
/Advertiser of April 9. under the caption of "Tlie
Frivolous Lemieux Act, "taking Mr. King to task
for the1'conclusion arrived at that practically ten
per cent only of the disputes, investigated had not i:
„ been successful in either averting " or. ending
strikes. To quote: "He (Mr.' McKenzie King)
.had to take for granted that every dispute investigated would otherwise have. been .followed by a
strike, and that every strike, once begun, would not
have ended if there had been no Lemieux Acl.
. 7. ."' The two iew .points alluded, to from
divergent angles represent practically the affirmative and the negative sides'of the question. Many
people, outside of the editorial sanctum, as well as
those within the sacred precints, have raised , the
come Svithin'teh meaning of the Lemjeux Act.
.. Tlie mine workers as a class must'get'better.conditions, iii' order to live decently, and it is their own
•well-b'eiug.'and" the well-being of those dependent
upon them, that they, are now seeking.* This, predicates" more wages, and the question' of .how" the
funds to pay" the* same are to be raised is a secondary problem to them.     Oh the other hand- the operators state that, they caruiot .possibly grant "the
•increase demanded ,Veeause "it.would-.meau- .that
dividend's'would then be out of the question. 7This
has ever'been the cry, and we suppose it will continue just as. long as the-present system obtains,
they may raise the price-of .coal all round, ignoring
.the policy of "Robbing;Peter to "pay Paul" that obtains with the-railr'oacl-corporations,'but .his Ave
doubt, and instead make an imperceptible increase
,'on'thc price of coal to the railroad companies but
place the additional burden"'npon the small11 consumer.    Again; a hygrometer might be utilized for"
the purpose'of ascertaining-,the amount of moisture in the capitalization of many concerns.     This
no* doubt would be drastic, and not likely to meet
witli the approval .of the various boards of fdircetors.*
■The Minors' Executive Board has now, decided to
apply .for a board .under the conditions of the Industrial Disputes Act, and as "By their works ye
shall"know them," we shall know later tlie effects
of this legislation in the present'contingency. l
THE CANADIAN BANK
SIR" EDMUND ...WALKER, C.V.O., L.L.D.. DiC.L, President ;: [,
.'" ,.* ;.V7:  ALEXANDER -'LAIRD,. General Manager   yy '.. ■■ 'y   .*.
'..
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000
REST,-i7,QPO,00d.
'THE'jSAVlNGS BANKDEPARTMENX^
of The Canadian5 Bank of Commerce .will receive, deposits'of $i>and'
upwards, on which interest is allowed* at -current rates.    There', is- no-
delay, in withdrawing the whole or. any portion\of the- deposit.,, Small
deposits are welcomed,        ,  ■_   •_•        '^ . " ,    *   «' 7 .7 *     ..234"
'''  Accounts niay be opened in the names of two or more persons, tq be
operated by any one ofthe number "or by the siyvivor.^A joint account-,
of this kind saves expense in establishing-the ownership of "the money
after death, and is. especially useful when a man desires to provide for,
his wife, or for others depending upon.him,- in the event of his death.
FERNIE  BRANCH 7,    . ' L.  A. S.  DACK,   Manager.
QM3t€Ek(S&<B''$_ft€&Qfe<£& <_**.<_*> -SBQft4ft<95>@Bi®QdQ3Ek&E><B'i®M3_Q_i9BP^ft
_rOVE8r'8TOVE8
•  '  I *,
Air tights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
,       Sa
.1
WHAT ABOUT FERNIE?
@ Wood Burners ■--
§    •"■     v-. ■ '•'',•'-,      -   "■ "" *. ■'.".
$ - Ranges, and  Cook Stoves' *,
| J. 8V_.  AGJ.EW & CO., eLko I
<E>«_>C_i®flS&«® ©?*®>«WE6© l«*i®fl_6«6Q&«R*i«Bi«Si'f_S-aa -BMSMTS-SD^S
^u^tionrr7_"ls"tir^pTe"sentnjessa*n"onn3r'%vorio"u-tire"
coal mines a breach of'the Lemieux Aet or not?
. We take tlie position, "without" any reserve whatsoever, that the law has been strictly adhered to,
both by the. mine workers and the operators. We
will endeavor to make ourselves absolutely clear
on the subject in language so pla-n that* there may
be no possibility of a misunderstanding arising.
-* Time the essence of contracts, is axiomatic. ' An
agreement was entered into between the representatives of District 18, U. M. W. of A. and the Western Coal Operators' Association, which ended on
the, 31st March, 1911, hence all relations .dealing
with a continuation of conditions existing up to the
dato'of expiry, automatically ceased, Any meeting held subsequent to this date between thc two
parties cannot in any wise nffeet tho force of the,
principle involved. Their relations, ns principals
were concluded on the dnto above alluded to, nnd
any now arrangement that may be arrived at subsequently is entirely permissible irrespective of tho
Lemieux Aet, That there hns been no violation of
tho Act is tacitly admitted by thoso who nre offi-
c-flting ns its sponsors, otherwise, it ib safe to ns-
sumo thnt different' tnctics would hnve been adopt-
ed thnn those in operation. Tho existing status
of affnirR ennnot by nny means be translated into n
"dispute," but denotes an impnsso which does not
THE recent .fearful disaster in New York caus-
iugrthe loss of 150 lives disclosed a most .censurable state of affairs in regard to the inspection
of buildings being a dcadjetter. , Fire escapes'that
the laws called for were conspicuous'by their absence, and .the mere placing on the statute books
is totally inadequate when* the emergency arises.,
■ Enforcment beforehand -is the proper procedure
essential to avert catastrophe and death bed regrets
are but poor consolation.- ',,■>-.
'' This New York tragedy, has brought home to lhe
.hinds of millions thc importance of strict adherence
-to the regulation's for fire-protection,'but it seems
{hat they are-the only effective measures that will
arouses communities from, their criminally apathetic
indifference and only then' when the fear prompts
to ask themselves tlie question:*"I wonder if I may
not be a victim some day?"
The Gameweirsystem has.recently been installed
whereby there.'shoultf.be ;no appreciable time.-lost
in answering an.,alarm We have a well-equipped fire
fighi.i'-ig ""'cree, but their efforts may b.j sadly handicapped and probably valuable lives lost if at thc
crucial inoment. a burning,building is found to i.-?.
unprovided with the means of escape _ that they
should' possess legally.        *: .. * ' 'v   *    7' *N'
-y_ jj _j,,, j ] ,x; ,i cr g_th at—ar e jio t-_in_st ri (""t__.a_co.t_cl an ce.
witli the regulations should be' made so forthwith
aud it is the duty of those in' authority to see that
no time is lost, accepting no excuse i'or procrastination.- i
We sincerely hope that the fiery' element will
long keep aloof from our midst, out .shoudl- ever
rjiii'Miil-er ihat it is always better to lock t* e stable
door before than after the steed is stolen..
TIME LIMIT—APRIL 25
A UKASE emanating from thc Health Officer
has gone forth, that now that Spring is approaching (we hope it may arrive soon) every effort should be put forth towards making the eity
healthful even though not necessarily beautiful;
An ounce of prevention is worth,a pound of cure,
and ns .there is nn abundant supply of elbow grease
lying dormant, this, accompanied ,by a liberal
sprinkling of chloride of lime and other disinfect-
tants, should havo thc desired effect of preventing
"outbreaks of typhoid fever or other contagious nnd
infectious diseases. It is to the interest of every
member of the community that precautionary men
surcs should bo operative, and we would thoroforo
urgo upon one nnd all to get busy just as soon ns
practicable.
JAMES  8IMP80N  ON
TECHNICAL EDUCATION
"Tho appointment of llio royal com-
mini. Ion on ' In-Wh-liil training ami
toclutlcnl education by tlio Dominion
Government ut tho rnnuoHt of tlio
Trndos nnd l.nlior ConnronH of Cnnndn
nml tho Manufacturer:. AhhocIiHIoh,
linn Hprvod to croato a wlilonprnail nnd
lienltliy IntoroHt In tlio subjrml of otlii-
.iitlon from nno ond of Ciimidii to tlio
othor," nnld -Jamo H.liniiHon'H, lnliot-'H
roproHontiitli-o on (ho roirmilHi-loii, "To
inoiiHiu-ii tho vnluo of Ililn nroimcil in*
tercet In dollnrB und coiitu would inr.
!ii*iih"'iiiilily ri.'iiroHiint tho nlKiilfl.iiiH'o
cf ■Mifh n result, nnd from tho vi.v.-
point of ono Intr-ronto*! In lho labor
movement I cannot cmplmslzo too
strongly tho Fplentll'l ncrvlm render*.**!
tho worldnnmcn by tho Trailoa nnd
Lnbor Congn-Hi* In dniwlnp. publio nt-
tontlon lo tho nncomilty of eonductliiR
tbo Investigation now being cnrflod on
by tho roynl commlwiloti.       •■       *t
"lt. (Ioch not re<|nlr« a mlcrosropn to
«t-« xbo iMsceiwiiy ot uu up-ui-uiiiu b>i*-
tom of ImluMrlal ttnlnlnK and tech
"Tho complexity ot modorn Indus-
try, accentuated by tlio evolution *of
the pant twonly-flvo years,' havo
forced upon lis n problem that can
only hn ROlvort by carofnt InvoBtlRft-
Hon and lntolltgont conBldorallon of
condltloiiH ns wo find thorn, nnd follow-
liiK Ihat tho adoption of tho bout,
menus for producliiB offlclont mon to
(-(indiirl oxporlmonlB and utlll/.o tho
procossos that modorn srlnnco Iiiih Inlil
/it om* door.
Tho bout nionim to that ond Ih tho
Hccui'lnii of n Hyntom of r-loinontnry od-
ur-iitlon Unit will iniiUo auin Iho ullllty
nml cnltnro vnluo of tho vocational
mid IniliiHli'lnl IriilnliiK lo follow. Willi
tho npprtiniU'oiililp HyHtom complotoly
oblltorntod In mnny Indimtrl-H, nnd
only nhowiiiK '"•'•lit HymptouiH of lifo In
oIIkmh, iippri'iiilreH nml joiinicymon
will havo to Kiipplnmont tliolr flhop oxporlonco with school trnlnlnn. Tho
roHpoiiHllilllly of provldlim for thla
I rn I n In K iIovoIvoh upon tho tiffilo, nnd
only nn educated public oplnlpn can
oniiK   uiioiu   mo   fvi-.iiA.iuoji «i out
taking courses through tho ocrrospon
dnnco bcIiooIb Ih nn ovidoneo of that
domnnd, nnd omphn.IzoB tho fact that
tho men of this country will not bo
HfitlRflod to subordinate thomfiolvos to
tho highly tralnod mon of European
count Hob bocauso of our Inck of educational fiicllltli. horo. Tho working-
men of Cnnndn haov a right to oxpoct.
tho sanio opiiortunltloa aa tho work*
Ingnion of othor* countries, and If I
rend tho hIriih of tho tlmoB accuriitoly
tho day Ih nol fnr distant when mich op.
poi'tunltloH will bo nt, tbelr door.
"In my trip through Cnnndn, hh a
mombor of tho CommlBHton, I havo otv
ftorvod tlio okonoHt IntoroBt. on tho pnrt
of on.nnli.cd lnbor In our work, nnd
whilo opInlonB differ a* to tho boBt
iiiii-.ns to bring about thc desired
change, nil agree that IndiiHtrlnl training nnd technical oducntlon can no
longnr bo neglected.
"Efficiency always dcnotoB Intelligence nnd my obflorvnlIoiib and oxporlonco hnvo tniight mo to omphnB(-o In-
•*-«(>lRl.«^.
WHAT  IN   BLAZES!
Beg7-pardon--:-excuse us, but
really It's so sudden we hardly know what we were 'about.
-",,'* !**   *
*> _ "^       *
YOU HAD BETTER.
GET INSURED *.
",.and then you won't be unduly
. excited If a fire breaks, out.    .
FIRE POLICIES
issued here are .0. K. * Tho.e
,who . buy "them know. what;"
they "are about. Tli<_-y'r_ ic-
l'fible and safe: ■
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance  . Real Estate
**************************
£ ' ' ' *•*•
:| ».I N G ER    |:
!|«,EWING    j:
>■
>-
MACHINE   CO
-  '        •    '">■
Aarent   Fernie   Brandt    \.
. ,: „    , >■
I Pellatt   Ave.    North ,'■
>■
CONCRETEBLOCK
COTTAGES
Chimney  Blooks
4 in, 8EWER PIPES
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Price*
W.       M.    D IC K E N.
How About that  Draln7
'_
1
' W.l.1 INGRAM
"7  Wholesale and Retail'.
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
11    "    l      ■) ■■___. i*
•y   Baths
. Shoe Shine
Bowling .Alleys ...
.  Billiards and Pool „
Coffee and Sandwich
■'"..'    Counter
t j •**
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
1 b'll'cnr   Oiie-Piehe PaW'm*}' Dresses, nicely, fin-'"''::
*   OlIiOU    ished with Soutache and buttons.-Col-'.
" ors: 'Navy.* Cardinal,' Brown 'and Black.    - - . ry-t [
$12.50
IOne-Pieco Panama Suits, braid -trimmed,
'- voice o£ alio vor lace.,  -Colors: Navy,
^ _ s   ' * i' ■      >   ' , ■*■ ■"
Grey and Black.   ,      ^     *    ■
■ i   v
_..   ^
Ariyj pft * Avith bands of same; silk yoke, good
O-l^iOU Onc-Pieee Panama Dresses, trimmed
tailored effect.     Colors: Navy, Black and Brown..
Ladies' Tailored Coats and
Skirt Suits
"*,      **< i
I.V*>l'<-<
(if    llll
t. __**,_*_ t.t.)    .«__-    ...(.    .u. C-...
Inlr-lllirfnl ■n-nilpi-fiin-nfllni"
of1
....(.(_.•>  _"._,'   ii.l. i,U'iii.,i:lLhllH'lll lA  U.i
torn or mauMriai iiaimnR una iwo-1 •.•1"«W'-     To nlvo lho moi«J prarllral | other Kront problem. Hint vorMnffmtn
tiltal (dtuuDbn tor Xhoto frho aro <o lurn lo «hl> chftni?« tlio prartl.nl co- lmvo to «l«nl Willi.'
opcrntlon of tho mnniifnctureni, nnd
llioao nt tholirntl of InduMtrlmi vlll ho
'„v\v titit.1 i ,      kl.-ti *V'.'| w.y..., u.*. Si. '.^% -w*
tory Hhould bo (inert whoro co-nilltlonn
nrn not invornblo to OHtnblluh a
thoroughly oqulpport ichool. Dfly Ul-
«ti'iictlon Bhould tnko tho plnro of
night IfiHtriKtlon, where tho lorn? bourn
of lnbor -»-<lmiist tho mental and phyal-
eal vitality. Practical men with somo
pod/ii'rtp.lsl trfllnln-er nbmilrt lie pinned
at Ilie lie-mi of tlBBsei for liu»tni( tion.
To b« effortlve thli Initructlon nnmi
bo roaponalblo for dir.ctliiK liiilimlry
In Hil. you hi; country In tho ruture.
and fi-oiri whin Jias tit'i'ii iiimiirty "iwiin-
od I do not. heMtnto to nny thnt IndiiHtrlnl development nlonj** the lines of
Improved fncllltlei! for production nnd
dlitrlbutlon and •poclallzntlon hnn
prouroaied moro rnpldly thnn tho uy***
tciYi of e't'Kfttlon fo tnrnl thono
cbanget.
"JUUivUl cuu-.ItIcrat.oii3 alone hnve
romr*elled the aetioue eouulderatlon of
Can-dM position a* e*o_pn_-rt wllh
Its clflncnn In ronoomod, but even mnro
■(^■^^o•''••",'''•■, "h1"1 %hl'*0 ,<' lh* c»P*cllty
ot iIjo lwdhliSual to re-Mt Ibe ittjim-
COMING EVENTS, ETCETRA
t -...If      ^     *.       *\, r*      n/.l   /1h1a        r*r*.*Htnr*
* X*  B.'V* H *f'»4j.       ■'■* ■■   •>       -        n   -*■>***.. »       •  * W * *      "^»l
bnlmy 8prln„, should havo arrived
hero on Mnrch 21»t, and ns wo aro
now woll ntotiK tn tho month of April,
It In prohnhlo that it hnn been nlde-
trackod nomewhoro between tho Lizard
HnnRO nnd tho North Pole. Nevorthe
I.bh, au coming (iventn cant their film-
down before them,-we neo thnt not
only U thin theme of the poet publicly
announced, but HUewl.o even summer
The Bald Headed Man may
Look Wise
But If Ho Had Been Ho Would Havo
Hair Now
You do not want a nclentlflo trestlso
on (he lialr follicle—you aru not ji-tr-
tioulnrly tntoroiitml In tlie nnmo of
tho Uerrnnn iclontlit who tnolut.il tho
buff that In -aid to oauio baldnoMR.
What you do want to know li how to
■avo tlio hair you hnvo nnd mnko It
.tri-inn* nnd Itintrou*.
Nyal'n lflrmuton. will do It bottor
thnu anytlilnir olnu,
11 In not cVnlmnd that HlrKutonii in
a wondurful  iclsnlino  eoorot—but   It
proven In"thi* lelVnTlflo "treatment of
ihk utiil Hi-ani.'. l.uli and simlii.
ll In n hnppy combination nnd you
will nolle* a, prompt improv-jim-iit in
thn foollnir of the ncalp and the look
of tho hulr.
Tllraiiiono loononf nnd romnvm nil
nrnly .ntul mntted dopoult on thf ecnlp
—KtlniulAttu th. hulr bulbs, iuul ulv'u»
" tiynin Hlr.uVoiifl glv**' hncit to tho
hillr ami scalp Jum whut tt hn« been
rotib-il of hy your neu'ect and abu*e,
It Is tlmo «o ntnrt rltcht. U«e Hlr-
■utnne, , "
It In one ol the Nyal rnrodleH nnn
no blither r«commcndatlon cnn be Klv-
•n It. Tliey are nil Rood, nAtXt your
Kyal DruBglit,    lie recomminde It.
■attiUtClca [luolv-'l m mnfirfn? n-fv-in-*.  * trnlnlnr tbat rapaeltat-na for Induairlnl
mcm | life   .Th« number of atudenta   	
bo. fri'e, and tho school imvirorim-JM j ia mentioned.    Tboie wbo are aceptl
mado attractive and Invltlnn;. rat on thla point may find eorrobora-
"Th-**--* it a Krowlnff demand for Dw] Don by loohlnic Into th*> beautifully docoratod  window of tho Trl tea-Wood
now
1 On the first day of the month, after
they heard the clock strike twelve a
warm discussion took place In
QUAIL'S HARDWARE 8TORE, Fernie
B, C, between a sad Iron and a Souvenir range.
Whon pressed for, an explanation,
In order lo smooth' ovor things, the
snd Iron said tho rango got hot and
flow off Its baso becauso-It was a
black leg and a fuol,
Tho rango turned Its back and said
tho sad iron without reason wont off
tho handle. At thin tho Jacknlveu
oponcd up and handled somo cutting
remnrltB which caused tho caso, to
opon nnd request thom to pockot
thoir insults; but thoy rofitsod to
bnck out of the dlBcimslon or shut
iip. It had grown so spirited thnt
tho thomomotors dropped somo remarks and thon got hot end wont up
In tho nlr.
Then tho chisel" cut In with a tling
lo Uh firmer' remarks, but tho minor
bit It becnuso It hnd boro enough,
Tho plumb Irlml Its lovol bost to
squaro things, but overyono wiih ho
hot thnt. n bar of solder started to
run nnd wns lend nwny by a hnnd-
saw which wiih screwed up lo such n
pilch that It showed Us tooth and
nnld it nover snw sueh n cutting up.
Hut tho ico cronm freezer kopt, cool
nnd tmiiuil mound with nn Icy staro
bct-aiiKo it is quicker thnn lightning
when It Is stlrrod up,
The range lost Its plpo and could
not smoko and began to elbow Its
wny nlong ns tho hoso tiirnod lo rubber and started to spout, but wns
hliul DLL   initt.ll   lux) fcuu   nCi.i  u.i   uaii
I'l-irkC'd nud jil«j,*j.Pd It
It began to quint down nnif did not
wnx grater ns n bob nntl raised Its
hend nnd In n rasping volco aald:
"Most my nolo!     I hopo this Is tho
•' -• v Just what is' right, for the 'present Reason., ;Thesc .
Suits nre exceptionally well tailored and all lined
'.'  '.with good*reliable silk'or satin.' - The cloths arc in
"-.' a good variety of colors, in many cases there heing-*
,   '   qnly one of- each' style, so there is no possibility of ^
''.-wo'persons haying suits alike. * "We guarantee to
fit; no charge for, alterations.   _     ..        ,..*-'
New Skirts
AVe'have opened-to-day a nice assortment .-of
separate Skirts in" Worsted, Panamas, Serges,] and
Soiles..  , Sizes up to 30 inch waist measure."        ^J
TRITiS^WOODOo
Limited
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
, ( t       i     _.
And Nothing but the Best in Fresh
and Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
SAM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
C. E, LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
JEFF
i
The Jeweler- That's A ll
Right on the corner
I'or Bulo nnd (luaranteed by
N. E, SUDDABY
Company.
Ont for oach everyday ailment
J.D.
Hardware     Furniture
,tm\,tmiin^ff*g^amjaMaiai**0a*imarKmeiia9^*
Electric Lighted 8t*»«"« Hented
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The "Waldorf rlotel
FERNIE, B.C. .
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. 8. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
Het end Cold Water L. A. Mill*, Manaoer
MMD
LEDGER ADS PAY
■ *** '1
-*- < t\
■yn
'ti
2_J|
•: i
■4
_
i I
M
ii*
i______i___
/  ■ ."V
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, F_SRNIE,B, C.,APRIL 15,1911,
v
■»¥»V¥V»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥yVY¥¥V¥VV'VVvV¥y
* ' '■'i^-i-i''.. i • i. ■'- /    "r '-'"* ~   ''%'*i ':*--"''''''    " '* "   '" '" * - "''"-••"" '"' '■'•"•■'' ' ' "      ' -'•" y^-'V-'' " ■'' -    ,"'   '--..■"■•• -
PAGE   FIVE
-i#_ _j_
N_   ***  -■-?
..■>!•    »*':■.:.-
|£7^_£f3^^
■i **WW<.; Will?
■"^HEf***?*''-^^
\r
I .'Si  *
.
- ♦•,♦ ♦ ♦,*♦♦♦ ♦.♦ ♦ '♦,♦ ♦
--  ♦' - ".'--   ; " ' -7--..7--V '.*;,-•-■**♦
,7 ♦•    7-C0AL  CREEK 'BY. 174..'*♦
..-.- •*•    :-. **.*•■   -* ,*:    '   •"-•■.' „ ':   .'♦
..♦ ♦♦.♦•♦♦♦'♦♦ ♦ ♦"♦; ^
"■"'Born: "at  Coal *Crek• on' "Thursday,
the .th day of,April, to.Mr.' and Mrs.
77j.,J,,-Evans;-a fine daughter,  - _.loth-
;' ev'and child' are both doing well"     ,
'"There are^only two trains' dally,between" here and Fernie, whicli are1 run
7'j-_ius  at* Ilie .following   times:   Fii**.**'
'.-train loaves Fernie* at 7 a.m., return.-
"ing at*7. 45;'last train leaves' Fei-uio
nt-3.45 p.m. •returning at   ..30.      No
trains on Sunday.,,   So quite a bunch
,. of Creekites are becoming'expert''tle-
' steppers "owing' to the altered  train
service.
•f   Jack McPherson left here last Saturday  for  Edmonton. ,    His  brothor
Jim accompanied him for a while, having, received. a fortnight's vacation."'
. Tuesday was* pay day" up here; when
small statements and long faces were
very much in evidence.
"The board' of management of-, the
QCL and. A A granted the members
■ a free smoker last Saturday night.' X
good program of. singing, recitations,
etc?,' was given and everyone enjoyed
themselves "to- the best of jtheir ability
•till  the wee  sma'  hours  o' 'Sunday
morning.  ', Tliere were'  just—nearly
'' did- it—"   Nuff sed.*'   '   \," * "     "'■
■ George" Finlayson, late timekeeper at
** >Jo.-,9 mine, and C. Laver.'late of'the,
T. W. Co., left-on Wednesday morning
• ,for.Vancouver.'   7   7 '
" ■ [.he Easter tournaments'are beginning at„the club this week-end, and'good
■ prizes* are being given for the different
games. *      •*;','    -1 '■.-'•       >-*.*,
■ 7 Mi1.-,and "Mrs. J. Sinison, of Police
Flats, Alberta, are spending a "few days
'with friends, here.,..,.. '"
Tom B'roadhurst. had "the misfortune
to slip down and dislocate his, collar
bone on Sunday.,-' -. ■ _ ,".
" „Tqin Coughlin and. Joe Sorike are
down at Morrissey in* .charge of, the
horses,. that were' moved down * there*
last'week. ' ■-.'**"■ - -,     ':"'.'     -7 ■*,--
John Shanks went down to Michel"
on business on'Monday.- - He returned
ihome'again"on Wednesday.
Tom.Branch was a visitor.up" here,
from Michel"this wek. .,.**'.   *,t*
'.   District Board Member^ j. E. Smith
left on Wednesday for. Frank. *.' ' '    ,-
Sid * Horton,-. better.' known -.'as "Biit-;
Or
♦
.'oneV.frequ'ently, that.it.-is. cheaper to
move than "pay rent. , Cheaper houses
are. the "attraction. '"-Fruit .'gardening
and chicken-raising are now, engaging
the .attention. of • many, residents/ arid
strange* though it .'may. seem,* there
are men here' who, admit .hat" women
can be useful under "such trying' circumstances, and are even more cheerful than their lords and "masters
A very, well attended meeting was. j ton on Saturday last
♦ ♦',♦ ♦•♦ ♦ ♦ •*$►,
MICHEL  - " 7     "'   ♦
By "Crimea" * */''.'   ♦
♦ ♦♦♦_♦ *&.'■■*&*•+• -«► <► 4* <*»
, ,The Eagles are holding their second
anniversary ball 'on the*. 13th
- Ten dollars and costs >as the fine
imposed ph .Andrew Frew by ;J P Burton on Saturday last    Frew had been
held in the old school .house on Wed-j imbibing too much" of'the drink that
nesday week for'the purpose of elect- j cheers and became too jovial -
ing scliool-trustee's and .discussion;'of! 5; Evan Jones had "a narrow  escape
educational matters generally. * - It was * on; Saturday  afternoon1 in' the  Elk.
expected that it would be a harmon-' He wris fishing off a log "and lost his
ions' meeting, but there was a "rift
in the lute." and at times it resembled
im* Indian pow wow, caused by the
balance arid fell in the river. " Only
for the prompt action of Frank Campbell Evan would not be'here to tell
buttinsky proclivities of an Individual, the- tale,
with' no more real interest in the j ' Last, Saturday night while Uncle
town's .welfare than,an utter stranger. J Ben .was making home to his shack
After a slight,rebuke the* proceedings ^ituated'.at No.' G' mine he was met
wch't along quite smoothly, and Messrs'* by a,big black bear, wh'fcii determined
Wright and Newton' we're elected as( not to* give up the right of "way,'arid
trustees to -the satisfaction of "the--Ben being.no hero returned somewhat
majority.-    ,---.,• '"     _.'   | faster than he went.''He,is now" puf-
,.Mrs. A. Matheson"spent Friday and ting"forth"his running qualities;
Saturday "last   with   her  parents ^ at"!    Mr.'.'Mike McLean, of Finch, was a
Brocket, Alta. ■,     *       /  . * .   ^   ~    j visitor here last. Saturday and Sunday.'
Monday' and""  George Lucks was down from'Corbin
AMMt^.^^y*'**-**-?^
.*-_
a  beautiful  colored poster-' soliciting'! utter—far he it" from me—against the
recruits for the* Canadian Navy* arid
describing the privileges and conditions, but would likewise call attention to the fact' that one of the first
calls for duty was to aid in suppressing union .workers wlio are demanding a higher rate of wages at Prince
Rupert.)
1870
i '
cher,". severed hfs connection with the
. Trites * Wood - Co.' this. week.    -James
Maddisbn. late of P. Burns Co., Hosmer store, has succeeded Sid.   :  *,-
Wm.* Stockwell, a fireboss, got. one
of' his', fingers badly lacerated while
assisting with a car in No; 2 Mine * on
Monday. *      ''' \ *    . ,
L
♦ .   HOSMER   NOTES. +>
,♦               By "Krltlk."    '              <►
.,♦ ^
♦ .♦♦♦♦,♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<►♦
Mrs. 'F. Cox and her sister, Mrs.
Burlingame, left horo Saturday for Gull
Lake, whore thoy will jonl thoir,husbands ,fipd go on their respective homo
steads.'   '   •,
Mr Harry Cnmpbell.'of Vernon, B. C,
was tho guost of Mr. nnd Mrs. Robert
Straclmn last Friday.
Miss K. Gourlny came up from Colemnn nnd spent a fow dayB at-tho
homo of hor couuln Mr. John Wyllo,
,   Monday ;lnnt Mr. and Mra. Reynolds
departed for Seattle,
Sir.-Harry MeMiirron nncl "Hnppy"
j'ecelvod such it hurry up ordor on
Monday 'that tlioy conslderod tho
train's transportation facilities, too
slow,
Mr. MtiCnbo, who hns for sovoral
months boon omployod In A, B. Cnmn-
bell'B Druff Emporium, loft ThurHdny
laBt for Cnlgnry.
Considerable activity, not ln real oa-
tnto, but In movonblos, Is ovldont thoso
days undor tlio Impression, a corroct
Mrs. Black went East
intends to summer,*'at, her home in
Toronto. ..'■-*'■ ' " 7, ,* -; (
^..The' Rugby' enthusiasts who are not
working just- now indulged in- their
favorite game on Monday, .as thoy are
determined ^to enjoy'- themselves', so
long .as the opportunity affords.',,"
*. Mrs. Cole' paid a friendly- call upon
Mrs. R. Duthie jn * Fernie' Saturday
last.    * -'    •'•■• •   y   -y
i -,Mr. Winter returned; horiie on'1 Sunday and all regret.that his departure
for Greenwood will deprive' them of
his genial countenance, but are equally hopeful ttiat success may attend
his effort's wherever he may go.   _' 7
Mr., Stockett was a passenger-on the
Eastbound , Monday, stopping off " at
Frank, but it,is expected that,he will
visit the main line of the C.P. R.'before returning.'* ■*■'  -
Mr. Thompson .was"acting.boss nt
the station on Monday last in the absence of his* superior - on a visit ■ to
Pincher. •-.,"'".       ."'     .    ■
Dr. Higgins left" this week for a few
months visit to Vancouver.
COMMUNICATED
;.; Lethbridge, Alta. April 12,,1911.
" Atour regular meeting held the Ilth
inst. a motionwas passed unanimously
expelling the following from Local 574.
Two are carpenters, two are blacksmiths, and two are timber men.. They
wero at our meeting, when it was decided to.stand by the action of the,
District officers, but for all they continued to work and to leave'them no
excuse our Executive Committee Interviewed them; advising them to quit,
ns their follow tradesmen had done.'
and thoy promised (0 go to work next
day and 'bring their' tools out, but'
after.six days they are still at work.
Henco tho action of our Local, It
was decided to publish their nnnies,
both ln the Ledger' and tho U. M. W.
Journal that In futiiro all tlio different
Locals throughout the organization can
romombor lt to thom. Their names
nre: , ,
JOHN WYLII'3; carpontor
GEORGE SHREIVES, carpenter -
DAVID P. SMITH, blacksmith
ROBERT KERQAN, blacksmith
, ARCHIE M5ITCII, blacksmith
JAMES BALLANTYNE, carpenter
GEORGE SCOTT, sonr, tlmberman
GEORGE SCOTT, Jr. tlmborman
All aro Scotchmen, except J. Shrolv-
en, who ls English.
"Trusting you will Insert this in your
pnpor so ns to mako theii' namos
known throughout tho length and
breadth of Canada,
Yours respectfully,
L, MOORE,     Socrotnry,
Monday seeing old 'friends.
-On Tuesday the case "'of Vlasek v.'
Crow's Nest.'Pass" Coal Company came
uir for hearing in front of His Honor
Judge Witeori.-, .Mr. Eckstein" appeared .for Vlasek. .-■ The-" witnesses called
on ' the: plaintiff's side*"were T. G.
Harries, Dr. Shaw and Mr. *Burrell', .'
'The single men are aching for revenge, and a matcli' has been arranged
between them and the married men
to'take'place on Saturday the 15th inst,
Kick:off at 3.30.     *' '
Yesterday "the men in Michel were
paid off and lots of the boys were partaking of the beverage which only
makes its appearance once a year—
namely, ■ Bock Beer—which judging
from the,'way sbme^of the".boys were
throwing" their weight out one would
imagine it'was "Boxing Beer."    " ' -
.Large catches of grayling are reported, and Sunday last Frank Campbell
and a few of his,boarders got enough
to keep the house going for a week.
Messrs Smallnan, Pryorand Causer
have, just returned to town from the
-Elk, where they have been camped
,for' a few' days. .They report having
had-a-good-tirne~an"d~iiBh~"pIehtifuI7**1*
'     "Michel,'B.C.
-" ,7. "   '      '       "April 11, 1911.
J.' Bennett, Esq., Fernie, B.- C ,
; Sir,—It was reported in your Michel
Notes of last week that "The orders at
McKlririons boarding house are Go to
work, if, not pay" your board in advance, or get out."' As no such order
has been,given will you please have
report corrected • in your next issue,
and oblige,
Yours fajthfully,
j'McKINNON
JACK   LONDON'S TALK   ,
TO SOLDIERS
A   YANKEE   SOCIALIST   OF
By's. G. Rich. '  *
Bourgeois biographers often conceal .the atilude of -their subjects toward the -vital problem of to-day. It
is rare, outside of Socialist books and
papers, to find any mention of Lincoln's radical ideas on the relation of
capital'and labor;'of the 'Socialism
professed by John Stuart Mill .Utopian
though it was; of .the revolutionary
and proletarian significance of Thomas
Paine.'s "Common Sense." ' But there
is' one American—the greatest orator
of the-abolition .movement, wliich
great class war,' the rebellion—whose
expressed opinions, ought ^to Interest
all  Socialists.     *        <
"We hear it said by our .opponents,
who claim to knSw'"w.hat we .are and
want, better than we dp,*-.hat the
.Socialist movement,-"is foreign."-' To
tliem the fact .that the proportion, of
foreigners in the party is the same'as
in' the .country, as I'a' whole, signifies
nothing. ,They forget .that in, 1871,
when tbe movement, was ■'small 'm
numbers, even 'in Germany, a candidate, for. governing' Massachusetts,
running' on a platform, that corild be
accepted with little change by and Socialist organization, polled 20,000
votes. This candidate was Wendell
Phillips, ..the great "abolition orator,
who,' though the books' do not say so,
was a .Socialist. '   ■
Let his. own words prove" this., He
It was who wrote-that platform on
which ' he .'.ran—that. platform begin,
ning:' „' '   "" _. •-       .,    -    •■
. "We affirm' as a fundamental principle that labor," the creator of all
wealth, is entitled to all it "creates.
Affirming this, we avow ourselves willing, to accept'the final results' of the
operation of a. principle so radical;
such ^ as the; overthrow of the whole
profit making system,"..the 'extinction
Ol—an—monopolies, the-7aboliti3"r."*cf
privileged" classes, universal *'■ education and fraternity and the final ob-
gi-andest declaration of popular'indig-
nation which Paris wrote on the pages
6t history in fire and blood. ' I honor
Paris as the vanguard of the International.-..-,." I, for one, htirior
Paris; but Iii tbe name of heaven, and
with the "ballot in our'right hands, we
shall not need to write, our record in
fire and blood; wo" write It" in the
orderly majorities at the ballot box."
This certainly sounds as" though a
true Socialist had uttered it, and such
is the case. Wendell" Phillips, the
earliest Socialist in America, can certainly'bo identified as a Socialist by
his remarks on* the Paris commune
alone. Thero can be no doubt that
he was the earliest real Socialisl in
America—Greeley, .Brisbane and* the
other so-called "pioneers of Socialism
in America" were but Utopians. * Here
op the contrary, is an American-*of
Mayflower ancestry proclaiming most
of the doctrines of the Socialist'move-
merit of .today, only twenty years
after they were formulated by Marx
and Engels. ■   ' ,   •
'.November 29, 1911—the "29th of
next November—is *the centenary'of
the birth of our great Comrade* Wendell "Phillips., It is only fitting and
proper tliat we celebrate' it well, nnd
I suggest to,all locals arid branches
that they begin tb think about it now,
so---as to be'prepared by-November
29th.—New York Call.
G..N. Railway
Fernie to
London
by Rail and Boat Firs. Class
,    Jiccount of
Coronation
Full particulars at Local Office
TV W. Davies
\"Xt*ramrP
^_. ., .IWtf-V-w-r
TV'J?
JL       JL-Jm
'0" 0ajT   0JM   *_-#" #„_»""
JL    JL* JL     _t-> _t_r
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE.
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
R. FAIRCtOUGH, t*o$rtotor
COAL CREEK, B. C.
The wnr dogs aro angry at Jack
London nnd snnp' their teeth nt hlra.
Ho may get material for a new novel
if they, keep it up, , Ho might cnll
lt "Tho Black Pang" nnd mako General
E. A. Forbes the villain.
At any rnto, Jnck London hns kopt
a big lot of men from joining tho nrmy
arid navy by a circular thnt lie' has
Issued,.
Tlio army officers nro crnzy about
it nnd nro looking for legal support
to put Jnck London In Jnll for his Impudence, "
Almost ovory mnn In Southern Cnllfornln who hns rond tho circular refuses to onllst, nnd it has caused a
big falling off In enlistment,
It has caused a gront many dlsor-
tions,
Hero Is tho circular:
"Young Men;Tho lowost aim ln your
life is to bo a soldier. Tho good sol-
dler novor tries to distinguish right
from wronit. Ho novor thinks; novor
lonHonB; ho only obeys, If ho Is
ordorod lo flro on htn follow cltlzons,
on liln friends, on Ills nolgliborB, on
liln rblntlvoH, lie oboyn wltho.it hOHltn-
Hon. If ho In ordered to flro down a
crowded street wlion llio poor nro
clmnorliiR for brond, ho oboyH, nml
seen tho Bt*ny Iin Irs of nR0 stnlnoil
with rod nnd tlio lifo lido eiishlnf*; from
(lie breastn of womon, fooHiiB neither
romorso' nor Bympnthy, If ho Ih ordered off nn one of n firing sqund to
oxeriito n horo, or bonofnetor, ho fires
without hesitation, though. ho knows
the bullet will ploreo the noblost heart
thnt over bent In Inimnn broiut,
A Rood soldier Is a blind, henrUoa-i,
soulless murderous mnehlnn, ITo in
| not n mnn. Ho fs not ovon a brine,
(ur Orutett lull in soit dofonco only.
All that is human In him. nil thnt Ir
divine In hlm, all that constitute)* tho
mnn, lias been sworn nwny when ho
took tho enlistment roll. Uin mind.
tnn eoiiBcienee, uyo. ).*« very «onl, nro
in tho kccplnft of his officer.
"No mnn cnn fall lower thnn a sol-
dlor—lt Is a dopth bononth which wo
ennnot ro,"
Keep the boys out of tho nrmy.  It
In  llf-II,
Bvery eioclnllot locnl should make It
n P««nt to ndvlac UiuuKbUwH fwllown.
who may mean well, and toll them of
tho nwf«l rotlcnneis of tha whole army
synlem.
Down with the nrmy nnd tho nnvy.
iolV..__?,t_i,nw. k,,,I"s In«Hi«<lon».'«lu.l.ln*. of all voters toward1 wmodel-
tv t w r' B 'MKWtou**. to* ihi, [udukUUl bttti K-1WI,.,. co*,.
(M.-.VO not,c<l ■» •*• *'<-■« Offlco jlxat lon of today, I have not a word to
literation.  of    the poverty , of    the
masses."     *    s ,,
And in the same platform he says:
"We declare war with the wage system, which demoralizes alike the hirer
and the-.hired, cheats both,.arid enslaves the workingman. war*, with ' the
present system of finarice,*^ which robs
labor, gorges capital,, makes "tho rich
richer arid the poor poorer, and turns
a republic into an aristocracy of capital. We demand a ten-hour, day for
factory work as the firstBtep (twelvo
hours wero the rule then and* there—
S.'G. R.)"and that eight hours, bo "tho
working day of all, persons thus employed hereafter. , „Wo"]demand .that
whenever women are employed "to do
tho samo kind and amount of work
that men perform thoy shall receive
the same wages.
Theso quotations nrd from'the plat-
.form of tho Labor party of Massachusetts as written tn 1870, Reading
thom, It Is Impossible to deny that,
thoy aro truly Soelnllst In Hplrlt and
form, oven though Ihey aro not couch-
bd lh the. Marxian terms. Comparo
them with our national platforms of
1904, or national plntforms of onrllor
dates, or with tho famous Gothn pint-
form of 1875, arid tho similarity—nl-
moBt Identity—ls striking.
Ilut Wondoll Phillips need not bo
judgod by ono expression of his Idens
only. Hero In whnt ho snys of union
Um: "I wolcomo organization. I do
nbl caro whether It call ltnelf trndos
union, Crispin, International or com*
muno; anything thnt masses up a unit
In ordor that they mny put In a unitod
forco; nnytlilnR thnt doos thnt ,1 sny
amon to It."
Whnt If ho did not soli' thnt onlj
in tho co-oporntlvo conunonwonllli IiIh
dosliOR could bo attained? What If lie
did riot, roallzo how tlio old Individual-
lsllo "Amorlcnn" IdenH, tho lihn.t of
"sticcoBB," of WhIiik io bo a cnpitu'ii.ii
by HtepjiltiR on oho'h -r-lnBHinnlo'r. bncKn
would pon_l.it-for half a cowry moro?
Mhnt. If ho did not ronllzo" Unit not
unlil tho ora of monopolies hnd como
would lnbor IiobIii lo wnko up io Ms
IntorqutB? < Thoso aro all moro dotnlls
—Wondoll Phillips know of nml up.
H'old our aim — liberty,' Vratorplty,
en;liiall;.\—nnd our method—tho t-In«H
Rtrupclo'ln thn phtxrt tintX n*** ihr. r,r,t\-,
I'o wm. ns truly n Hnplnllut nn xxn,
■liiinuwl or I'Yod Lour wnn, or Dobs
'ir Haywood lunciij.; lho llviur.
Avd he ronlltoi iho (jre-itiieuii of
tbo h hoi* movement Ho &nid In nU
• .iftN'li on iirlnn'l.i.r Dw nhxttnt-m i,r,
wroto: "I regard the movomont. with
which thlt convention Is connected ns
I'*'** jniu'est nml moBt comprohonxlo
ittv...iumt of tho uno and I chooso in.
oplthols dollboralely; for t cnn hardly
namo tho Idea In which humanity Is
lntt-roht«:il, which 1 do not consider
locked up In the mirceis of this movement of the people to lnko pomiesulon
of their own," n
Also, in th*. snme speech, he ssld:
"In the' Intorost of pence I welcome
this movement—the  peneoablo mar
COAL,   IN    SLOCAN
The coal miners, strike will not-
affect "the Slocan to any extent. Coal
has .reached-.such a price here that
it can no longer .lie considered -in to-
onomical fuel. " -"Goal costs from *..'i0
$2.50 at, the mine, and $9 in New Deliver. The C. P. R. raised the price, of'
fieight .last winter, which increased
the cost $1 per ton., to the coiumna.*.
Coal .cannot be'purchased by _tic consumer at the mine, but must be procured through an agency at Nelson,
'thus placing an additional and unnecessary' cost on the consumer.—Tlio
Slocan  Record.     -   -  - - -*,-
■y (Ed.—The distance from Pernie to
New*, Denver-via-Nelson is-two hundred and sixty-five miles"(265) only;
practically 1-3 of, a cent, per lb; On
the above basis the price of Penile
coaTin Winnipeg__would_be-S4B.li_ a. trm,.
UNDERTAKER
'   and
EMBALMER
Coleman,
Alta,
'*M t>*fcHi;i:._^__tel.V___j' _t> >jtd*i *_ _Ar-*'-'*_»V:
I um agent ibr
The Pride of Alberta"
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
us a call
Luncheons Served dl.
eveiy'daj-.i-omU a.m. k>'_l p.m!
Pork^n'd Beans Saturday
SHIP & MacKENZlJE
Store Phono 123      .   iluusol „ono 180
14
15
16
17
24-,
25
26
32
34
35
36
I
42
43
40
LIST OF FIRE STATIONS .   ','
Corner Victoria-Avenue and Prior
« Street
Corner Victoria Avenue" and Gem-
mil -Street - -
Corner Victoria, and pix Street
Corner Victoria Avenue and Rogers Street
Corner Victoria Avenue and Davis
Street
Corner Fire Hall ,;     ,
Corner   Pellat   Avenue   and   McEvoy 8treet .
Corner    Howland    Avenue    and
Wood Street
Corner Howland Avenue and Jaffray Street
Corner Howland and Drlnnan St.
Corner' McPherson  Avenue    and
Thompson  Street  ,
Corner .Dalton  Avenue  and  Cox
8treet
Corner Chlpman Avenue and Cox
8treet '
Corner Chlpman Avenue and
Thompnon 8treet
Cole
man
A .Flour, of, wliich   one-
trial is all that is1 needed
to prove its worth.,,
'Try. "CItEMO" a breakfast food that is a food
Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest     -     Alta.
-Wml-Murr»
rop^
JONES
THK   POPUI.AU  BAKI2U
Coleman
WHOLESALE   AND  11ETAII.
DEALER
Special arrangements for
Parties, "etc      _.  "    '
Order'your CIirl.rt___i.__,Cuke enriy ,
Apply   for  Price  List
Bread and Cakes shipped on, the'
Local for Eastern Camps  . -
Ledger^Ads-Piy
e r s
FIGS
Aie n vivliia.lo nnd nutritious laxntlvo
fruit, owing to nn nctlvo mndlclnnl
principle
FIG PILLS
contain tho nctlvo nrlnciplon of nos,
combined with othor valuable medicaments, ami nro Kimnuitoed lo oiiro
WEAK DLADDIUn, LAMW DACK anil
nil KIDNEY. lylVKR, STOMACH niul
130WBL DISOHDBRB. At nil (IoiiIoih
2n conts por box, or Tho KIr Pin Co.,
8t. Thomas, Ont.
New Michel
& Blairmore
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
We are not Running a Lottery
But we are putting on the best
Motion Picture Show in Western Canada.
Prices ^^ssss^s^s^s^ssssss^rsssss
^r?*.1
waa
mmmmm
.:   £
PAGE SIX
TH1§ DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., APRIL 15,1911,'
Fire in Mine Gets       '
Seventy Miners
SCRANTON, Pa., April 8—A revised
list of dead to-night shows that 73
men and boys met their death in the
fire in the Pancoast Colliery at Throop,
near .here, yesterday. A canvass of
- tbe -victims' families show, forty;five
widows and 137 orphan?. It is said
that' every corner of the workings
which a fleeing ,victim might, have'
reached in his search for pure a,lr liad
been entered and that everybody has
been .removed.
The last group of dead, comprising
seven men, was brought up shortly before noon to-day. As fast as the bodies
■were identified, ancl if relatives did not
come to claim them, they wore turned
over to'undertakers, according to nationality,, to be prepared for burial
The undertakers fairly fought for th'o
the failure of inside, mine bosses to
realize" the imminence of danger in
tha tunnel until itt1 was too-late for
the _.en to be   got out.
The first fire started shortly-after
9 o'clock. Mining operations* continued'until 11 o'clock. It is believed it
it was nearer 11 o'clock when the
danger to the men in.the tunnel was
realized. ' " *   *
Some attempted to come back in the
direction of the fire. ,- Some went a
considerable distance in the other direction.     •    .
None got anywhere near safety, however. They fell In their tracks or
lay down exhausted, burying tliolr
faces \in the wet .ulm to \avoid tho
choking smoke and deadly gas. Some
stuffed wet handkerchiefs    in    their
ting forth the advantages of Seattle
corner lots or the particular aroma of
the new six-a-nlckel Cabbagio • Ipi-
perfecto. Alas^.that'* in those days
methods were'. * so '■-' reprehensibly' archaic! '      .   ['-',-  _" -,• *'   ',
Reader, whoever you may , be,
wherever .this " appeal - may como to
you, heed the letter, ol the Seattle
Commercial .Club. Even though a donation may seem to pinch your means,
hand out!' -Remember, every ?2 will
pot7only-save the life of a Chinese
sufferer,, but. will also open up .new
avenues' for oiir poor, suffering, constricted American capitalist's. Philanthropy-and-5 per cent--let this* be
your:motto and your*slogan!
Freely ye have received, freely givo!
Possibilities of the
>.    -- - - .    . *,**.     •*** ***.    * •     **> ■. *
*'      Mem Liability
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, Di D. 8.^
y ,■',"';'.-•■■dentist. 7 :';. *\y -,-
7" Office: Johnson-Faulkner"Block.
Hours"9-'l2; 1-6; , .   "  " ■-....    Phope72
(Continued from, "page 3)"
EXPLOSIBILITY    OF    COAL  .DUST
bodies, believing the company would j mouths.     Many "We found huddled
stand for a good, round charge, and dis- up under shelves of ^nvas;used.^
graceful scenes resulted.     The police
authorities had to interfere.
Nearly every house in' Throop, a
typical mining settlement, has1 crepe
on Its door, and in some houses there
is more than one corpse. The bodies of John Stoyak, his two sons and
a cousin lie in a room in his house.
0 Many explanations are offered as to
how the* Pancoast victims came' to
their deaths, but none is satisfactory.
One contributing cause, it is said, was
the mines in constructing air chambers. ' * ' •
It is supposed the fire had Its origin in' some oil-soaked"cotton waste
in the engine room. .This is merely
guesswork, however. About_twelve of
the~ victims were men of English
speech, and the boys, whose'' *" ages
range from 14 to' lG/'.were of about
equal -number. The,remaining, fifty
were, for the most* part Hungarians
and Poles. - '       ■ ■
"PHILANTHROPY, AND     ,     .
...     FIVE  PER CENT."
' By George Allan England
In my undergraduate days at Harvard we had dear old Prof. Francis
G. Peabody "in "The' Philosophy of
Social Questions." He ,it was, as I
have else-wh'ere set forth at some
length, who taught our young-.ideas
how to shoot radicalism in general
and Socialism iri'particular. Safely
he guided us past the Scylla and
Charybdis of these' evils, and landed
us securelyin the haven of Good Old
Sound' Capitalistic Common Sense.
For which, praise be.
One set of facts "and one,,conclusion in particular I still recall, despite
the long years of decadence and backsliding which, so - far as I am concerned have ensued in my social phi-
Geological Survey Bulletin 425, on
the "Explosibility of Coal Dust,"..can
be had by writing to the Bureau of
Mines, Washington.'' D.C. - It is by
George C. Rice, with chapters by J.
C. W. Frazer, Axel Larsen, .Frank
Haas, and Carl Scholz. ■> '   ■
Mr. ■ Rice reviews "the experiments
into the explosibility of coal dust in
foreign countries and ■ dwells at considerable length upon the" attitude taken,In France by the engineers, who, until the great disaster- at Courrieres in
1906, which cost 1,000 lives ,did not
believe that coal dust would explode
without the presence    of    firedamp.
Since that terrible "disaster a testing
station has been established,in France
and now the French engineers are fully
convinced of the dangers of coal dust.
-  "The coal dust question in this country,"/ continues Mr. Rice, "cannot* be
said   to  have' awakened   widespread
interest among mining men until the
losophy' since having^gbtT.rom under
his well-feathered wing.     And these
were certain data' quite palpably demonstrating   the   certainty that the
most successful form of uplift   work
Is always' one which can be made to
bear Its own expense.    The good professor summed  it up tersely, neatly
and  with  lasting  indelible  force,   in
. the ono phrase:      "Philantropy,, and
5. Per Cent." ' . ' ,'
' * All these, years' I have remembered
that, phrase, thought about it betimes, and wondered at its Christllko
quality of business efficiency, (The
professor, by the way, Is a cerlgyman
and holds the post of "Plummer Pro-
fossor of Christian Morals." , Therefore, we know, as a' more matter of
' course, that, he speaks by and in the
spirit of tho Nnssarone.) So, having
all this time carried that .dictum ,ln
my brain, imagine my pleasure aiid
gratification on receiving tho other
day, tho following letter:
"Senttlo Commercial Club, Inc.
"Seattle, U. S, A., Fob. 27, 1A11
(Hero, a long list of directors, officers and ultra-rospectablos.).
"Dear Sir,—We thank you heartily
for the space which you have already
glvon in your columns (I havo no columns)  to tho work which this club,
co-operating with lho Red Cross Society, ls conducting for tho relief of
thc fnmlno sufferers In China, Nearly
2,000,000 people nvo starving nnd will
nood nld for many months.   TIiobo on
the nround and familiar with tho situation  stnto  that   $2  contributed '.at
UiIh tlmo will savo Uio life of Bomo
ninn, woman ov child.
"Will you bo lilnd enough to pro-
pnro lind keep standing an nppriil to
yonr rondoi-s to lend nn nsslstaiK*•« In
rnlsliig tlm funds for llio worlc which
wn have In ken In hand'. Whut wo
have In mind Ih n HiihH-Tlptlon list
opnneil and conduct nil by yon during
the most;, effective and economical
way; Moreover, aside from the humanitarian phase "of this work, it is
bound to have most important results
in opening new markets in the Orient
for the products of'the United States.
It would be well, in any appeal.which
you make, to bring this fact clearly
home to the business men of your city
and section.
"Thanking you, etc.,' I ma, *      .
"Very truly* yours, ;   *
,.    , "RUFUS R. WILSON,
"Secretary China Relief Club:*'
Turn this letter how I may,, consider and weigh and analyze it,as best
I can. I cannot find it greatly if at'all
at variance, with the sterling-true
motto of dear Professor Peabody. To
lave: a starving-CiTinese-baby-T-witJi*
the proceeds of your subscriptions at
the end of each week.
'. -Those making donations may   rest terrible disaster   of    December 1907
assured that their gifts will be used in which resulted in  the    .«**-««
men.     In .response to a demand by
those interested in coal mining through
out  the  country,  Congress,  in  1908,
made an appropriation for the investigation of mine explosions.     The United States Geological Survey was charged with the investigation.     A testing
station was at once decided upon and
was *_ established   at .Pittsburg,   Pa.
' * "While it is probable that for several .years the leading mining men in
the country have believed in.the explosibility. of coal  dust  without  the
presence  of firedamp,. yet until  the^
public demonstrations were given at
the testing station at Pittsburg, dur:
ing 1908-09 and reports' were received
of similar tests abroad, a large proportion disbelieved. ■ These tests were
so .convincing to those who saw them,
your $2, and at. the same time relieve
China — of something ' moveable- —
seems to combine the true essences of
philanthropy and'a rake-oif, ,Whether
in this case it" will, come to quite _5
per cent I don't know. Japan is very
inconsiderately disturbing Jie markets
which, since we are- 3,000 'miles
further away and charge far-higher
prices, should-logically-belong to us.
China, too, is just perverse enough to
insist on beginning certain manufac
Lures cn her own hook.' But *>ven so,
much, mny yet bo done—if, only this
money is thrown Into China In season
Co save the remnant, of tho plague-*
and the famlnestrlcken Manehurinn
vri'lihcB.
-   Personally,   I   should advise every
remittance to be made in silver dollars, with this molto stamped,  by   a
specinl dio across the hend of Liberty
"Trade with Uncle Snm!
1 Wo Aim to Please.'
Or, If convenient, each remittor might
bo nllowod to plnco his special ad.,
whothor of ham, jam or shoe machinery, or pnrlor organs, on onch dollar
contributed by hlm.   This Idea Is by
no menus copyrighted. ". rooly, I give
lt to tho Seattle Commercial Club and
all charitably disposed persons, without, charge,  '
For Is It not straight, * In line willi
Christian chnrlty?   That ls, (jih,understood nnd prnctlsed In thtHonllghteiiod
dny and,generation?     Tho old stylo
giving Is strictly obsolete,   How wasteful, how barren of resultb It wns!   Admitting for tho sake of ni-guineiit that
Jesus of Nn-wroth foil n cortnln multitude on cortnln loavps   ami    fishes,
Imagine If you will how splendid nn
opportunity of "booming"  something
or olhor wont to wiistol     llinl lliu Sent tlo Commercial Club been  nl   tlio
bottom of thnt distribution, ench bun
nnd every Indlvldunl flounder   would
llio noxt four weeks.    I'loaso h.-ikI ub havo had a nr-iil Ing piiRted on ll. sot-
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
Remington
\n perfected f^rm, tlie ■Nc*-** typewriter id en? J"»y
whomsoever advanced.
For our latest manifestation of this policy, inspect the
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and 11, which
embody every desirable feature extant—PLUS on Adding
a.uiSablractingMcchanism which constitutes an innovation.
Thc voice that cried in the wilderness 30 years ago:
"You cannot afford to write in the
old way;" now acclaims with equal
conviction: "You cannot afford to
cn)aihta in thr* old way."
and such general publicity has been
given, to them, that it is now exceptional to find a mining man who does
not accept * the evidence of the explosibility "of coal dust. The question of the day. no longer is 'Will coal
dust explode?' but''What is the best
method of preventing coal-dust explosions?' '
Tlie following are some of the tentative conclusions of Mr. Rice on the
dust problem:
"That coal dust will explode under
some circumstance's both in the presence of firedamp and without lt, is
now generally accepted by mining men.
Tho writer fully agrees with, this and
tnke3 tho following views of the explosibility of dust nnd the conditions
necessary for explosion.
"Experiments at Pittsburg Indicate
that undor ordinary conditions tho dust
must bo' from coal having at least
about 10 per cent of volatllo combustible matter, though In certain forolgn
experiments It Is clnlmod explosions
we're obtained with charcoal dust."
"Dusts with higher percentages of
volntllo matter nro moro sensitive ash,
molsturo contents, and size, bolng const nnt.    This view Is based partly on
thc preliminary experiments at Pittsburg and on the results of experiments
of Mr. Tnffanol ond other forolgn Investigators.    Whero thoro Is n largo
amount of dry coal dust, Judging from
tho Pittsburg experiments, a humid
atmosphere' hns little offoct on ignition of dust or propagation of an explosion.   A  long cnntlniinnnn  of lho
humid .condllIons   rondorfl  tho,   coal
dust moist nnd Inert, hut. tho pi-eRonco
of moisture In tho nlr at llio moment
of oxploHlou is not sufficient to provent nn -.plosion, thnt Is, not enough
molsturo Is carried by thb mlno nlr
io"reilueo miitorlnlly tlio tonipornluro
of tlio flnmo,    Fully mtiuraloil vapor
al (15 degrees,F„ nn ordinary mlno torn-
lieralui'ii In this country, wpIkIui 0,78
grains per ctibln foot (Ifi.li griims por
(Miliic motor),   Conl dust Himpcndod lu
siu-h  n  imturnled  ntmospliero  In  n
cloud of moderate density woIrIih, Hay,
1.00 grams per cubic moier.     At tho
figures glvon, tho weight of vapor in
but 7.8 per cent, of the widght of dust.
Tho Pittsburg experiments with wet
not hoped and prayed for they possibilities of hunger'tb be, positively removed from : these. stricken - homes. .
• More, perhaps,-, than other men, we
share is the "comm°n opinion- which
seems'to,sanction the step that would
remove this question from the.abstruse
to the concrete and set it in., practice throughout the' states. We have
plenty of 'wholesome precedent to
guide us if we need it, out of which
we may readily take the best and leave
the worst, ,
Not even more glaring are the faults
of our present system, which should
bo    scrupulously    avoided.      Briefly
are: .    *
1. Unwise legislation, on which
large sums are spent to no permanent
benefit.        , -  * *•
2. We • should ."particularly avoid
anything approximating our present
roundabout system in which It.is positively known, that millions of dollars
are annually' paid for compensation,
and' yet not near' 30 per cent reaches
the injured or their relatives.' Our
new liability should be nothing if not
direct. There should be no necessity for lawyers in this matter; compensation ' should not • be secured
through lawsuits. '• -
3.   Another glaring feature of our
present method- we' should'take"heed
to''remove "is,  that, liability  secured
through the courts—no matter    how
small or how-large it may be—is anywhere from 4 "months to 4- years in
reaching the recipient.    Also it breeds
misunderstanding and distrust a'nd enmity'where there'should be friendliness and cooperation to reach    the
same end,   v Such compensation as ,a
newer'and better liability-law would
allow the workman"should be paid im
mediately — at that time when it''is
most needed.   ' And the "removal of all
need of threshing the matter of compensation lh the courts would not—as
some opponents have said—breed carelessness in operation.   The-fact that a
new, liability,.law would take the injured, employe's incapacity as suffici-
PTi t .pvi fl pu pp_t n.awai-d him. dicec tlyji is.
just due,s would hardly- instill in' the'
wage "earner a desire to' deliberately
get hurt or'killed'on, purpose to get
the award.'   I can't" imagine a man
saying to himself before starting to
ed, from reliable statistics, .that' less
than 30, per cent of all that huge sum
of '.'money reaches the workman", for
whom we, pay it.    .Why?-.Because we,'
too, suffer" from middleman.   .Even
that 30 per cent, must, under our present  method, of  compensation''only
through'a lawsuit,' be,divided" w'kh' leg-,
al gentlemen who drag the case out to
its'farthest end:     On every dollar we
pay in liability fees the families needing'it get 25 or 30 cents.     Worse
still, even that is, on an average; 3,to
4 years reaching theiii.    In,the meantime 9 of every 10 families dependent
on compensation have for that length
of time been public charges, or children who should"'have been in scliool
and  weak women' who  should  have
been at home have been compelled  to
do their poor best to provide food. ,
Contrast our methods with that of
Great Britain,' where the percentage
of lawsuits'in this premise is one'in
a ■ hundred cases, and .where, out pf
each dollar paid by-the employer for
"relief of his injured* workmen, practically the entire 100 cents reaches.those
who need it,'and whom he desired to'
get it.     They, have simply, rid* themselves of an out-of-date,* costly, unfair
system of liability.   * In contrast with
us,'peace between, employer and employe remains unbroken—when "an accident happens both know, what the
result is going to be.   * Here  an accident sets the'employer on the defensive against a jury] which may prove
unfair to him or. unfair to his servants.     Both0 go fighting- through the
courts, wliere costs and appeals and
delays.eat up valuable business days
and equally valuable, dividends.  Either that, or a' liability company does
the "fighting for the employer, and'a
shyster lawyer for the workman, with
the'spoils falling',,to the-undeserving
either way.   „
- Let us fancy, tor instance, all the;
employers in a certain definite district, in"1: the coal fields" of West'Vi.
g'lnla forming a*liability association,
with a.board of directors-in control.'
Let each one annul his liability contracts with outside casualty corporations and place the premiums previously paid into a common fund'.* , Let the
board of directors formulate rules and
regulations, and designate the amount
ernie
B. ci
7, DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST  7,
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours ,9'to 1; 2,t0'5; ,6"to 8, :
- 7   * ';,    " ..       ,  • •   •   *
" Residence 21 Viotoria.Avo. '*
VV. R. Ross K. C.
'•*'*,.* - \
W. S. Lane
ROSS,  MACDONALD and   LANE
'    Barristers and Solicitors-
M
^LUMBER ISO.
A. McDougall,*Mgr;'
A J Si
*>% 'l'"\
-- o •"*']
Fertile', B. C.
'-.'Canada*.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox-Street
Fernie B. C
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
y %-   O \
and Dressed Lumber   .
, -' ,     , -.
Send us;your, orders
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE_& FISHER
.  ATTORNEYS-
. Fernie, B. C.'
H. L. BISSONNETTE7
' Veterinary Surgeon
ROYAl
HOTEL
Calls  promptly  made.' day or night
and .attraction assured '
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
J - __
P. O. Box. 1126
Phone 882
R, W. McDONALD
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR
FERNIE
that shall, be paid -for injury,* or what
foro death. of an' employe;
.325, Fifth Avenue, W
CALGARY, ALTA.
load', coal under dangerous stone:;
"Weil, here goes. ' If I do get my
back broken my wife will get $3,000 to
take care of the kiddles." A workman's carelessness ,1s not deliberate,
but spontaneous and Impulsive, even
though, it Is habltuai with some men.
The miner would under our present
"high pressure" rules get behind in
the nice''if-he didn't take a chance
now and then,', ■ But tho trouble is
thero are no ;"loser's ends" in this
race. If the fear of death doesn't,
insure, cnution in''the wrokman the
fear of poverty for his family <• will
hardly do it.
-The highest compensation settlod on
as fair award for' Injuries In any of
tho' countrlos considered, comes far
below tho average earnings ot the
workman,to whom It ls paid, hence
It would neither bo comfortable nor
profitable to bo careless and thereby
got In lino for liability funds. Therefore wo should above all Instltuto directness ln applying nny now method.
In what particular manner wo shall get
nt lt must bo loft fov calm dollberato
study
In addition to sovoral notable companies which lmvo voluntarily formed compensation funds aevornl
states havo placed themselves on record ns favoring tho prlnclplo' Ono
of tho rnnsl pvogrnsRlvo nnd yot uncomplicated syBtomfl looking to this
ond wont Inlo effect on thp first day
of October1 last ln tlio slato of Mon-
tana The loglBlaluro tlioro hos placed u tax of ono cent por ton on all
conl mined in tho Htato, lo bo paid
by tho opei-iiloni, and ono por cent of
tho groHH monthly outings of each
employe constitutes tho gonornl fund
This In Invested by the stnlo nudltor.
Threo thousand ilollnrH are paid to thn
boiioricnrloH of each mnn killed, ln
caso or permanent disability tho minor
receives $1 per day.
In tlio suite of Now York members of
it coiiiiiiliii-o nppolntod to thoroughly
study tho quostion plncod thomsolvcH
on rcroril iih favoring compensation
tod dust, showed that sovornl UmeHiln ut U-iisl all diingeroUB occupations.
IhUpercenliiKonrinolHliim In (ho <In-sl.JT.io roport. and iiuggonlloiiH of this
In addition lo a nearly Hiiturntod nt
mOBphoro, was required to prevent pro*
■inmu inn,
"I'roliably with n low <lu«t dennlty
Use relative humldl-ty of «h<** air would
bo an liiipoiiitnt fuel or In tending to
prevent tlin Initiation or an oxplotilon,
Jlf)U'<-Ver,   HII'   l-IM-rll    IHU I'llM.    Xi%    rtl'n-
flcnlly humidifying mino nlr Is tlmt It
mny m-i'vo as a vchlclo for currying
wntor to the .lust."
Mr. Hlce concludes by reviewing the
various rcmpdlei* that nro offered for
Dw   rnnl   dtis'f    prolil .n,   ■flvlnsr   lho
'committee aro loo elaborale to bo do-
IHlltll    IICM-,    llllt,   bUIIUm-U    U|»,    n.a__
y.ni 11.,.- .1..I..C <.••"• J-'-1 *'4 JJJ<-"1' l't,"1u1-
'__l.-_ul h-.*ij*. Wlifll fiction has been tn-
W-ti mn IhU roporll I hnvo nnt nt this
moment tho iiicnnfl of11 dotprmlnlng;
but tho roault will undoubtedly ho a
\ 'Vi .ii(A t*.'*-.'. +1.-U.   HA*!*   fcSV*   --I It"*-**,   Ji. i •*■■.'-   I.****   *■*'•*'■'
York. .Vobrnskp, Mnrylnml nnd Wisconsin nro nmong tho other ntnteB
which lmvo officially considered the
probbm of "Whnt Shnll We Do With
Our    !n<liii.trlfll    Wounded?"~-ttIl of
I7et~Uie"
companies sharing in the contract add,
prorata with their number of employes
to  the/amount  dofielt ■ In-any year,
and share in Uie surplus of any remainder."--If "expenses should  be a
little more', there would be the satisfaction of knowing that it had." gone
to the right spot.' The'whole economic
loss,would be evenly distributed—and,
as a result, careless and inefficient
employes would be weeded out. * * The
very act of co-operation In this premise .would set all the "companies concerned on the alert tp prevent accidents, and would inevitably, if slowly
rosult in a-bonoflcleht "condition  as
to working conditions, and doubtless,
a diminution of tho grlevlous mortality list.     This plan, as others detailed briefly here, has been tried and
proved  good,      Ono  largo* company
which took upon Itself   alone said lt
not.only saved money, but did away
with the lognl/voxallbns and curtailed
labor troubles,    Doubtless, In assuming this plan the board would employ
a commlttoo of liiBpoctlon to work in
dependent of, tho stnto,  and  to bo
answerable only to the    association
to suggest Improvement* looking   to
safety at this placo and at. that, with
the aim ln vlow of compelling   each
mombor to do his shore'In offort to
docroaao liability losses.    Thus woulfl
tho small employer stand on n par with
tho groator one,    Ily uniting for this
purpose—howovor thoy hacked at dno
anothor's throat In tho matter    of
prlcos for conl—tho weak would bocomo Btrong,    Tho plan would onablo
tho plant putting out only a few cars
a day a shuro lu a, liability method
nvnllnblo only to such firms ns tho
United Stntes Stool Corporation    or
thoso of smaller magnitude.     Other-
wIho lho employer of small plnnlH must
contlnuo to take his cholco of tho
Iwo ovlls now open to hlm: fight nny
posslblo case through-tho courts,on
his own responsibility and with his
own monoy, or hldo behind a liability
compnny.    Within tho possibilities of
a federal liability law Ihoro Is nothing whatsoever detrimental to my employer or to yours, gontlomon.       1
am not urging the placing of uddltloiw
whero tho burdens nro already ns much
nn rnn bo homo,'    Rather, I would re*
llovo tho mornl nnd flnnnclnl ti'nslon.
Poos It not occur to you that lioreln
.,         I ,,vif>  no'i'lln-n   to   r,   xwnXxXrim
.. v „**   •«,..-•      .1     *    •- ,
XhnX Xwp. hnffl'-il ov-vy mnn who hns
to deal with wilful, dlsobodlent, undisciplined omployos? Who shall sny
Ihnt a general application of flnnnclnl
responsibility for nccldonts of whntfto-
nvrr t.r,t.ii--*> mnv tin. rnmr-p. *»mTi1nvfrs
»o bo lens lenient to crimlimlly negligent minors? May It not also Instill
Into the offlcnl mining man. nnd tho
employer himself, a moro wholesome
regard for tho lnw ns written?    Hero
••MMr-*****^**^
I   ROMA HOTEL   J
Bar: Unexcelled
All White Helj),
:-.- Everything \
.Up-to-date _-
Gall in and "
see. us once
" Dining Room. and~~_eds under
New Management. . (
First class table board
Meals 25c. Meal Tickets $5.6*3
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates'* $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dlnlnir Room Mgr      I
**************************
JOHN P0DBIELANCIK, Prop.
Loans
On first ctasi
business and rest
dentlal '.property.
DROP  IN   AND TALK THE   *
V
MATTER   OVER   WITH   U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
HOTEL FERNIE
.   The Hotel of Fernie
Funiio- Lending Commercial
and Tourist Hoime
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•*
►♦♦♦♦
j Fernie Dairy
JLiy E-RY
land Transfer
t,
Wood and Hard Coal
i _
for Sale
I
FltESH MTLK
delivered to nil
purls of tho town .
Sanders 8* Verhoeat Brother..
Proprietor-
(.
George Barton
►•OflME*
Phone 78 8
FERNIE UNION^ DIRECTORY
Lizard Local Qsnernl Tenmotern No.
141. Moots ovory Frldny iilRht nt
8 p. ni. Minors' union linll. J.
.TncliBon, ProHldont; 13, Mnrfllmni,
IlocordlnB Bocrotnry.
thero occur* to mo llio only lnmentnlile
wliMi mM«, If proof wero needed. »o
Rood nnd imd point. of'oach^Mln«liho miU-nilon voiced previously lie-.fcftti.ro of nil xho l'™*.^"J^"J*"
h .fnn. Dili inntliui .  tlmt  tlie United J read on thin mil-Jon.     I noo nowlitro
~ jKUiK** uro iiwiilH-nlng to thHr T««jwn* «*iat an cmployo U mndo renpnnslbla
in tliln re»pcct n» never b*
:iul Mfii-.ro?
Remington Typewriter Company
(laeorporaUf)
818 Pender Street
Vwcouver, B. 0.
$100 Reward, $100. I„,
Thn ntAft. fit Xt.H p»iwr *»_ _ _ In- x»rur/l M Xr*m
t'Jut llMf* t* at I'a*I ou« armilnl eUnm tint llnu* • tato.
hn* bem *-W* tu cut" IA WI IU tUvvi. Will Hot 14 l ,        .        -„,_.«<...
Su»™ nml• c««»rm <ur« _ iw «*i» t*-wiv*     V.!.!..   J  advocate, U the  grreo'onr-
<*»»»•«_• ta«ri. t.i.i»_ MtdiadI»!i'»J«r-J.«iJ»'!*lpottjM_ nlillty from tbo liability bur-
df*n xxo mrwly rarry-a hxita load j the lnJtirc-1 man himultt    Pitiful In-
Ttdfl * «*y*Hp-*». » etnnt. \i v.*u>ili"i -ue to a.-. lU_
wife am! children deprived of tuatcn
fUM |M># __n<i«r:t l4_ II- mi-illBU irkirmill*. imaim I
irniat » «vi'i-,i,luiii"'..1 Aiwiiw. ri'tiutri* » #»**■".*•*/
ummI ttr*tit#nx. il iti'i fnurrh (M«» to ufcm •»•
t_*___Ilv. ii'-ini' 'I I"*, il; uiiMU Hi.* til.i«i*f Mtiif itiiici'I-i
i\ut*tr\ of Ifi.- »5.vm. th-fr_r ^nHmjmw th»
frntn-lMfm i>* O* <w**w. *t*\ tit-tne t_.-_p-.ti*".'.
.tiYMlslh »if tinlMI-r »!» fhn nwiillutHM *iA **»,*•
tm niliim In •l«iin* !'» mirt. *l» pinprlrl'if »>*»»«
B> uttrti im" Ia >K ^-ritir* pn***-**** Owl ii-ty o&f
Olt* ll-vM-HI I- I ft Hli- HT -M****-* I****-*- tl *1'-* *-°
mtm    1*1*4 (AT I-t '■** IrMIISunttU.
Aiaena r. t. -rmakv * co, iw«*>. tt.
Md *» »" lir'tr*';!*. IV.
X*U n_t*t TaoAf t _!_ far »m«t{_tW_
Why not remove the fellow aorvant
■nffltilbijtory clause, and *tHt leave In
tlw- penalty for wilful, criminal dtnolje-
dleneo or earelcianeaa on tlio part of
Rood nocruo liccnuao of tlio wldeaprond
lo'dBon?    Or would the method of pine*
iim llio niiin Injured tln'otmh bronklnR
IndiiHtrlnl  law whero ho would  not
slmio In tho compensation bcncfltB bo
of avail, nt tlio aaino tlmo glvo to
lho wlfo nnd children all thnt tho lnw
allowed?    TIiobo conBldcratlona must,
of course, ultimately bo dealt with.
Wr» onti ponifrlurp, hut n« to lho co.
»n,in_y of their worklnna I do not know;
but tho thouRht occurred thai Uieru
ahoiild be kohio way of inetlnK to the
.iliuiually tioB-fseiit employe the Just
pcniiltlcH of hl» Injury—If ponltlvoly
pr0vWi-.H„ well an lt« rewards), Jilrst
ah financially tho jicmilty would bo
shared by the employer.     Or would
tho fact of tbo worltmnn b<-inR deprived of a grenter income,, be •penalty
sufficient?    In aomo enst-a I foul safe
In aaylnp yea; In othera, no.     No
fiia"\~-lf yo"- will imnt-in the appirfrtt
OROllam—la better able to JudRO the
nilut'i* liun one v.1.11. from II lean' of
ano, ha* been a miner.
The subj-M-t It very wld* and In
many reopens rompllratH*— therefore
deservca moat careful thought.—81m
Jleynoldi, In Mlftts siiiU Mln-Wila.
Bartender*' Local No, 514: Meets 2nd
nud 4th Sundnyo at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. aoiiplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. VV. A.
Moota 2nd find ttli Thursday Miners
Union hnll. < 1). Hoon, 9o\
 1.	
Typographical Union No. 055*   Moots
not fertim uny to xmx.il iiiuiiiii ,%i uiu
T.ciljrr r Offlrr,
rolary,
A. .1, V,\wV\v:
MM*-
Local Fernie No. 17 8, P. of C, Meets
In Minora Union Hall evory Sunday
ti"
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer,
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet in Miners Hall every
alternate- Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
* Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
of mow .m.GOO.00- annuallf.
Ir Hii-* fii\- our pronenf antlana!**!*****. In-
cffb-i_i', liability law Impose* on tho
empho'iM: intorosts of the Vmtittd
Stat<*.    to what end?   It Is comp-at-
United Brotherhood of Carpentfirs and
Joiners,—!,ocal 1220. I). J. Kvans,
President; P. II. Shaw. Secretary,
Vancouver
nurr. |i.*ranm ot proved nlmlrifll mro-1 nil civic employees, If. pev c-.nl even.
kuri. m th* p-arl of th* havUftd Scavenirers and s1r«t sweepers are
and fath«; bot mlRht not a groat, r I paid |2.80 for t boors work.
Dr. dc Van'g Female PHI*
!A nlubU fnixth ihgatatt": n-mr '»!•«- Tls«*«.
has increase pnntc-iaay • Sff!£»^<"tSatAS! ^^SJTSS'^Sr-K^ J^SS^?
*hslw«,ATlhfr«l-.«llik.   Mi.,1.4 .,*,»!,» aiM.rmi.
Th* SMtMlt Draf Co„ SI. C»Uk»rtBM, ()-_,«.
fer Sals at DtsstdsH's Orug tter*.
1
._!
*'*:.
,'
1 _ t- >•."*."■-'- .*■,-■-_ -v-*?s'*:-v c;:-•='-• *-s"'yzy-yyii,yyy
r:-'.-.-r *
..■_..,      -I
.,'«".'.
'•ft*
"■*•_*-
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, TERNIE, B. C, APRIL 15,1911,
7*-*'7-
Week's News for ■
;', 7,';'*   ,'-' ."   *>'" . *" ,-'.   'I' -7;.   -"• **.'.'.,    af    ,     .... . ,_   . , . ..
Foreign EH)fhers
UPOZORNENIA
■♦-.,,   V statnbm" sudobriom dome ,
y •<► ■' vdbivanoml. v,, -Pondelek  dna ''
.  ♦ ,16hi'Januara ,' 1911,' -Pompei
,' ••»• -• Cheilli 'bol-'dosnani;*-o;krades ]
,.,♦'*.miner v*Coal.Creek a bdsu-"
1 ♦ '^deni na,3 me'sace zalaru tvidy'
,' ♦   prace.      -',.',
.'♦ s       .-     .,_. AVVISO/
♦ 7 Nella, cor'te, provinciate-di
'"♦^Pernio Gennalo 1G, 1911,    fu."
♦ i* arrestato Pompei Cheilli,',per*
.,♦'' 11 latrbnigglo * del .'■ carri ' dei
♦ minatori,' a -No. -'5  e  No.  1
Nordo. mina, Coal-Creek.   II,'*
quale, fu, condannato   a .tre,
mesi di "lavoro forsato.
-0
cose sono necessari. ricehezza* natur-
ale'conforme ai minatori di carbone o
il carbone conform, alia' ricchezza ed
e una vera apparenza. che i minatori di
carbone attraverso una 'manipolazione
politica,- aquisti sotta different!' inden-
dimenti .sono', controllate- per.--mezzo
della. WC. 0 A' Per quello.; che concern. 1 .vest ed e anche apparente
che; la" classe ' padroriale trovazi in
migliori condizioni che "i minatori *'A
traverso i proprietarl di queste miiiiere
accuniuiande profltto a larg'iie braccia
loro nou si trovano alle medeslme in-
sufficleuzo del minatori che.vehdo la
sola cosa che loro" hanno cioe il lavoro
In online da provedere alia sua vita o
quelle dei loro* dipendenti . Confrondo questo con la - piccola massa, che
gavazzn nel'oro che non cousco miseria
di-.csistenza e da l'altro parte tre
quarti della poplazion'o della terra dal
suo tozzo giorna'liero e dl savente m_i
abastanza li sopra a loro'non avvi'un
surplus di settimano omesi ed anni,
la povera vittima lavoratriee,costretta
a vivere oggl astento domani per soffer-
enza.1 '7 >.
' Nella produzione del carbone come
in qualsiasi al tra produzione 11 lavoratore incorporala sua esistenza e ne e
11 fattoremondiale a fame parte nella
LA/PRESENTE" LOTTA "VNEL PASSO' produzione tantocome un cavall'o'fra
Dl CROW'S NEST.   , UNO CHE NE  ,a meccanica"e le scorrenti rise'rve e
♦ '
♦ .
WARNING
In the Provincial Court held
at Fernio on Monday, JanMG,"
1911, Pompei Cheilli was convicted of the theft of miners'
cars.at No. 5 and No.. 1 north,-
mines, Coal Creek, and'sen-*
fenced to three months': impri-r
sonmerit with.hard labor'.
Crew's , Nest .Pass   Coal   Co.
■ ♦f^o^^^^^^^^^^^^
CONOSCE  NA . ATTUALMENTE
TROVASI FUORI " ** '7 '-' '
'•*:■',' ,(H pari ed"l| salario viggente.) ' *.'
. ■ II se*juente articolo, dato dallaVenno
* "di Jamo'jf Douglas, sara didoppio in
teresse tu'ttavia;che'lui e' lino'nel publico cho "ocupa una posizione chie tutti
* n'ohla desiderario,*-pero awl in. esso
.. una vedpta espansiva non co mune con-
.cernente'il-lavoro di,'miniere che lul
guadampio con .pesante. scuola e. pra-
Oca e sperlenza tanto nei vecchi paesi
_ nonche nelle^valli . del Crow's^ Nest
guadamblanta detta, conoscenza, attra-
, verso uii quinto delia parte,del globo!
Ed e uno dol dl fuori ma e un membro
" "del troppo, abusante publico, ma* bensi
' e uno .'.che fermamente a soestenuto
una posizione ..fra ' I    minatori uniti
', d'America. '■....' " * 	
Io yoglio con vol disciitere la eltua-
zlone se mi permiettete del minatori
riel  passo  di  Crow's  Nest!    _-.
•   10 ho letto con un • interesse con-
 ■slder_ahlle_le_vedut6_del__lg___r_stnf!if_
ett,-: vedute che si rlferiscono sulla
question©1 No". 1. * '"   .' ,.   *
, II Sg. Stockett a detto che l'ihc->
zlone del'Inconveniente del minatori
alia convenzione 1 delegati piintarono
perellminare la'questione dl cantierl
,; chiusl. Assumiamo the 11 Ig. Stockett si sia-correttamento quotato edlret-
to. la mlra sul'ldeale ed ..ogge'tto' del
•- minatori organizzati. "' Ml sembra , a
me che lincezziojja della convenzione
mon sia stata altro che una mala in-
tesa, o vero cho 1 delegati del minatori
non ave-sero inti^vvisto ,,i prlnclpii
fondamentnli dl un'n temporario unlone
dl scamplo. , A mio parere sembrami
cho 1, delegati de'j\ minatori • votarno
a piedi ferml contra l'introduzlono dl,
Cnntlerl Aporll vecchlo prlnclplo,
Ed tuttavla deslderablle ln quosto
caso dl, dlBlnvolgero lo oquazlonl
porsonnll nolle, crisi Industrlall. 13 qua-
lora 11 Slg. Stockett si nddlverga un
oratoro per la parte, capitalista con-
ososclutl sotto 11 nomo dl nssoclazlono
' dl operator1! carboniforl del-ovost.
I/blomonto principale o vero Blmllo
prohnhilo la C. P. R, o la compagnia
dol passo dl Crow's Nost l'nlma mator
cho tendo dl oscuraro 11 presente con-
flltto In ambolo parti. Quando lo
IcsbI chi 11 Slg, Stocolctt rimnso dolonto
cho la convenzlono si ora nbordlln.
Io credo alia sua oneslo od nl buo
ordlno ma o cosi lungo o coal chlnro
oho della atnmpa o dalla plattoforma o
vero 11 pulplto dol'.intorosBodol capl-
talo o lavoro alono Identic!, questo
non produco la minima omozlono nella
Brando maBBa oramnl In confldonto
dollo dlgln troppo nncotlcho dichiara-
zlonl dol cupitnllHtl,. noo o solo ln
quoallono dolla dlvorgonzn dol cnntlerl
•chliiBl o puro aportl cho Involve II pro-
aonto movimento di quosto contrado,
•quoBtl sono tormlnl InHlpnlflcinill dn-
vault nl'dlrlttoiloruomo che bI con-
faco fra II cnpttnlo o  lavoro, o flncho
* II feudnllflmo non »In abnttuto con In
rlome II alatoma dl aitlarlo Bchinvlstn
' Io lotto non solo mulllpltchornnno mn
camplcra al prencnto slstema qualla'-
apctto dobbolo o paclfista flncho ad as-
Riimcro 11 voro atsetto dl azlone dlret-
ta per la gonornlo emanclpazlono dolla
cluaso lavoratriee.
Nella produzione dol  carbono duo
piante permanenti.
doi^ cantierl chiusi o aperti-
tezza
Questa e la corce
La secre-
digente d'affori risiede sopra
l'abilita di,'aquistore'la mano.d'opera
a poco'^ prezzio e vende.re il prodotto
perfezzionato come nel caso del carbone al piu alto prezzio possibile.. Ed
e in questa roccaindustriale'che .la
socleta borghese sie infranta. Quando noi vediamo' in' questi' tempi dl
risd'rucoiolare in dletro nel barbarisnio.
Questi .Baroni dl Carbone* asseriscono
che, e suo diritto di vendere il suo
prodotto al piu caro prezzo a che sia
possibile, quale', e- l'lndagnaziori. del
minatore che' cerc'a a .vendere la,v sua
comodita o vero su lavoro, il suo san-
gue,' la' suar vera" vita alle megliore
possibilita dl unvantagglo altrul. ■""
Qui avvi conformeche l'union! di
lavortf hanno il.meggliore per alzare
la' stendardo del.lavoratari che qualsiasi altraaggenza eomblhata: Rlcon-
scono 1 lavoratori/che per ,'ayer. ven-
duto la nostra vita_.il-nostro sangue
per.il benessere della classe padronale
"peTTTSamblCKno-ah"Siamo"rIcevuto tor-
ture, prigionie, fame, piomb'o ed in-
sultl continuatl. Realizandp che l'un-
lone e Tunica barriera fra ioro'ed il
spruso capitalista sapranno i lavoratori per lunga esperienza che il gioire
della classo improdnttrlce e la triste-
zza.la misera, la fame <J1 quella che
produce. Quando loro vedono che
ol'oplnlone. publica e avvelenato contro
di loro si fanno piu coerclslve. Essi
sanno cho 11 grldo del lavoratori e il
sudore ehe loro gll anno da anni raplto,
essi sanno che llberta viiol dire dl ac
cottaro quelle che a loro rlchtede, essi
sanno che 'Ml Uboro lavoro" indica 11
lavoro lndlvlduale, questo e ad essi
contrarle per la sua mallo posizione.
Vogllo domandnre a cho Inderito uno
degll lmpiegnti della Crow's Nest PasB
Coal Co. vadn al ufficlo del Slg. Man-
ogioro Aahwortlio'domandl un nltn
morcede o megllori condizioni da ambn
I mln/itorl, in rlsposta avvanno o awa
II ropontino licenzlamonto e fuori dalla mlna como ugualo sarebbe con il Slg
Stockott tanto 11 Slg. ABhworth.rlapon-
dono cho non snnno dovo un oporal
dovo rlvolgnral per mogllorl condizloni,
No! giornl present! si trovlamo di
fronto ad una organlzaelono glganto
capitalista o I'indlviduall o complota-
monlc BoiiBii aluto ease ata nou possono proporro term! so volglono essi
dovono nocoBBnrlamonto combinaro con
I algnorl pndronl od nccottaro i loro
tormlnl o rafforzoro la dl cbbI collot-
tlvlta du farcl Indendero ehe nol senza
dl essi ono si puolo como lo pronoa-
ticazlonl dl Jlm Hill cho mal non,an-
soRultn, La lotta coniro lo unlonl dl
mostioro o lo solo In cublto dol cap!-
tallBtl porclio vordono In esso lo Bpotro
ddlo rlvcndlcnzloni operate o dl per-
doro 11 buo divlno succhlsma. Moltt
degll operatori credono dlrlapondoro
alia voco dol dovcro con fantastlcho
tondonzo como cho non conprondeHsero
quello cho II produttoro rlchlodo dl
gliiBtn ragglono verso l'implqunlo
Hfrutlntoro mn 11 non o tutto 11 l'nvor-
atoro sopra unKloro como avero 11
suo diritto.
Al prt-.orit-e 1 capltallstl sono gelati
contro lo unlonl dl mertl.ro od In una
logglca cspieaBlono si trovano parullz-
zati dl fronto  nd   orro mnxslme por I
TJftt of Locals District 18
'NO,
29
-131
Wi
040
1378
•2633
^ 2227
r 2178
S314
J5B.1
• sm
ior.8
R74
1233
im
S352
ir.80'
tm
NAME 8EC. AND P. 0. ADDHE88.
Hanlthead .* *.   V. Whoatley. Pankhcad Alta.
nearer Creole .. P. Onughton, Heaver Creok, via rincher.
Bellovuo   J. Bu.ke. nolkvuo, Pranlt, Alta.
islalimoro...... James TurnbuJ], Ulnlruioro, Alberta.
Burmis  ........ Wm. 8!osn, Burmis, ASta.        '•
Canmoro  3. Noll, Canmore, Alta.
Coloman ....... W. Graham, Coleman, Alia.
Carbondalo ..... 0. M. Davlos, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta,
Diamond City ,. Charles Orbait, Diamond City,   l^thrldjn*.
Pernio ......... D. Rees, Fernie, U. C.
.run").    Cl. Stool, Fraftlr, Altn,
Hosmor ........ J. Aym. Hosmer, B. C.
Hillcrest ....... J  *-...'Jones, Hillrrest. Alta.
LothbrMfe   1,.    Mooro,    P.O.    Hot    113, Lethbridge.
Milo  W. L. Evans, Mile, Frank, Alta.
Maple Leaf .... H Sherman, Maple I^af, Bell-mi*.   Alta.
Mlthfl  It- UuueU, Mkl.fc-i, H. C.
Passtitirg  Wm. Cooke, Panburn, All*.
Roya) Collieries. T. l^n«worth, Royal Colliery, Uihbrld^,  Alia.
Taber    E. Brosni. Tahtr. AUa.
caritleiri chiusi vedono, di awieinarsi'-i'-
etere deTunianlta e.conscono"she"chi
di un detto ne gbde deve anche- pag-
arue il.fioe ie responsabllita -.' , .
11 piu grande nemico7dei. cantieri
chiusi e quello che' nemo' irie^ cohsce e
plausibbile, che noi evidentein."eate tiitti
paghiamo pro tasse'p'er 1 privHeggi cor.-
cernente Ia civilizzazione" Canadiana,
none e forsi.giiist'o.-'che'per aquistare
una libe'rta „sene.'support!, anche il
dbvere. ■•'   . * "  -   ■ r]'"-". ,-'•'
.In* generale j .capitaiistl'di tutte le-
gtnti-metto a campiorie la libcrln' loro
di-'_if*iro che il lavoratore devo eascre
libero di>unirsi .nelle. societa o vero
ih altre classe.-." L'qi__r_ di_'Patrick
Henry! che,penso alia liberta. si dovre-
bbe   essere come quelli che;*prima in
dendono di aijlmazare e poiessere gius-
tizlati con' un!bacio. -   V,ai"dove"; e il
capitale e li avval liberta'senza limit!;'
vai-dove cantieri apertl    vlggono   in
pieiia flbrideza, e cosa noi*>tro viamo?
I!  inane tlio ■,della liberta. industriv-ic
che sqyrasta-i schiavi di tutte le caz-
/a.-i-o * borghese- capitalista;'       ' t    ,
;'.-i:io\c noi trovlamo i smunti bamln.-I
0 dlslnvolte mogli che la natura in-
deride.che sia fatto.solo dall'uomo a
il Sig. Stockett mal cercato di edere
quest disseredati dalla* vostva incordi-
gia che farebbe arrassire e coprissi di
vergpgna un nerone.,  . Cosa avvi- di
bello riei vostri cantieri aperti e nelle
voBt-fe strade, cos avvi che miseria de-
gradazione e^clecadenza ed insultb a
l'limanita.     Contro i minatori di'carbone nori e uguale come altre profession! "dottori, avvocati notai raggioni
ed Branchierl le altre professioni si
organizianoper proteggere la loro profession^   (noi  di sovente vediamo di
dette genti contro fra loro per solo
istinto di etichette.) *
' Se i minatori "di carbone reclamano 1
suoi   privilege.! "questo   non   e * follia
perche  il  minatore  a  pienamente  il
dritto di non lavorare .vicino a chich-
essia che tende'a distruggere l'affratel-
lamento e l'unione delle'geuti di lavoro
e; tutto' quell6 che le unionl'anno fin
oggi' ottenuto.,' ' Le union! di    lavoro
credono  che loro  sequitano  lo  sten-
dardO'della civilizazione* della decenza
umana e essi guardano. direttamente
ad esso, ogni uomo che rifiuta annoi
lassistenza e. un nostro  nemico' non
solo di noi ma non che dell clvilta e
riversa'. se'    stesso nella i piu , idiota
sozura..   .La. W. C. 0." A. si riserva
per se medeslma il.dritto di Inpiegare
e licenziari lavoranti a suo bellagio sin-
dende nel,© ventb Industriale di cantieri aperti.^gli uomini di unione che
naturalmente sono quelli  che  si op-
pongonq plu forte al'grandi profittl dei
capitalist! quelli che in sua difesa sal-
tano in mezzo "il-capitalismo e il suo
profitto. .'L'aggitatore. che non.vuole
,plu-,e_sece_sch!avo-ie—che—contro-—!e-
orgie lussusiose della   classe' padro-
nole, questo,non solo non( se 11 da !l
Tavore ma se per caso e impiegato
e subbitb mandato fuori e messo nella
listanera cosi senza di uomini civili
possono educare i disgraziati a suo
volontoo e sequltare nelle sue imprese
questo non e un sogno ma bensi una
esatta annoverazioni dato 11 passato ed
11 presente chiaro con le proposte del
padroni si vede 11 futuro.     Per questo
il termine dei cantieri chiusi sta per
avere alta civilizazione,, gente megliore ed una raza plu virile.
11 cantieri .aperto non e altro che
insult! depresslone* schlavlsmo futuro
degradazioni o abassare il lavoratore
por 11' solo benefitto dl un piccolo
circole vlzzloso. PnrlmentI 11 cantloro
chiuso nono tutto quello che l'oporalo
dovo avoro questo non e altro cho
l'alba della rlscossa o solo per mettere
11'avoratqrl sul Bentloro dol' ovoluzlono
sociale o da far conoscoro she questo e
molta plu cho un sogno ed II giorno
non lontano cho qunndo gll industrial!
del mondo avranno centralizalo loro
aziono il capitalisto cadra sopra 11 suo
loro peso, qui el spoclflca dal fatto
cho 11 monopollo del'acclalo d'America
l'anno acorao prodiiBso 11,000,000' di
tonnollato quando 11 giorno erra per la
domanda del cantieri chlurl questo
BmlBuralo produzlonl saranno pasaato.
E do dare uno sguardo alio lo condizloni sono complotnmonto camblnto da
cho II salar! fu genoralmonto costitulto
Lnmpo dl elcuroza messo al porta do
lampo aperto coal gll lnconvonlontl
clio In compevano' nlla Btcuroz-/,a dol
minatore materlalmonto rldottl quoBto
poro non o nulla al paranonnro lo ml-
glliir dl vlttlmo trucldato dalla avldlta
cnpttallBta cho plu tosto dl spend oro
un soldo per pcifezlonnro una mnclilnn
cho sulvl la vltao contlnnla dl 1'avor-
nntl proforlBcono ImpltigunrBono bantl
non tocenro il profltto, co»a Importa
nl capltallata so oggl cento mnchlno
uomo innolotio qunndo domnnl un nitro
o cento vonno n prondoro la plaza del
loro fratolll dlHvontui-o, ImmaKlnalo
se tutti I mlnatorl del mondo st rlflu-
taBsoro dl cavnro plu enrbono. I.o
ferrovlo non si movorobbero lo nuvl
a vaporo aarebboro como uu bloeco
dl grnnllo o non alcurl fnroBulmo nr-
reataro capltalolnro II monopollo dolla
mozlono umnnn,
II Slur. Stockott, bI  aento doloroso
rho non puolo a condlscondero alio
en-
la x'.UO
del carbone. Is C. v. Ii. * come pute
la 0. N. R. tomon*. p-cr an.arc a to-
eenro lo tancho del Blgnorl niszloiilatl
percho qnentl coplosl fn nullonl dopo
'"■'>   '-'•'••   i-t  kU^«art*..4-,&H,U  tin   ull  tiO.Ul Irtl
nulla non si a nemeno II diritto dl
dlsturbarll. lo sono convlnto cho
quando 11 publico capita chiaro Ie condition! vorra Inslstere cho I mlnatorl
sleno mcxllo psgatl o protettl.
nopo rfitf. nffflnfaff falt-jti per ut*.
jaccordo gll operatori voclferano di
jm**.-* im nrhttnta con l'lutui*vi_ii/tou«
idtUa lawo si puolo supponcro che
luno ..ho venchl dalla l_?*i;j vada fn
nostro fa voro, fn iiuesto rano non fn-
dent* tratteneml allnntro po.rho n-it
ISbblliSSO nil  Rla t-kJH-tUTilM  p(*,r qotlltl
trh* nn dollo nrhltrnto fo.n n.T -ficorsa.
;*Kloi>ero prima del'arbitrato fn ?arte
[mlno tfel'Alborta h( avea qnaranta tin*
[km soldi per otni (onnHIata dl tar-
PAGE  SEVEN
TROUBLE^OF- A :H0STESS,7    LIKE'.HAMMEFJED■ GOLD.
A Welsh Rabbit That Was Not. All te y
: ,, ■*.,,. "7; the Good.       -.!',7.;.>'- 7
The chafing dish is a great" promoter
of sociability,'-*,thej\'claim, but there Is
a girl in this town who would rather
be unsociable than to have to resort
tb any sucu "means * of encouraging
friendly ■ Intercourse, again." "She "has
tried the chafing.dish and doesn't, believe in It,*    7   '' 7 y . ,
Always, right Naway, as soon as a'
girl gets a' new chafing dish she. wants
nil her, friends to "just run iu some
evening for a little' chafing dish sup-
■ier, you j know. Do come. We'll have*
a -. rabbit or somethiug. Um-^-dou't
7vou just" love a.rabbit? I do, and it's
nil nonsense "about tlieir keeping one
awake, isn't it?" - . ,
. So of course they came," and the
girls ,im_dc the rabbit. It was a very
rabbity rabbit somehow or other,"but
i he"guests-encouraged each othei*. ""-It
will be all .right." tbey said. "It always gets .that way, yon* know, kind
of stringy like," but you must stir it
more."
"Just wait (ill It has cooked a little
Wiij,-*.!* and it will be just fine," insist-
"ed another, "but you mustn't stir It.
That's what makes it stringy."
But it got-stringy, that rabbit did,
and ft stretched... It stretched nud
-•trctched arid stretched. Taffy couldn't
.retell the wny that rabbit stretched
When. Ihey went to serve it the part
that * was lu, tlie spoon wouldn't 'say
viqodby to the portion of that rabbit
I hat. was in the p_ii_, and when "they
went to cut it the rabbit on the forks
positively refused to be separated from
lhe rabbit on the plates.
Thliius began tb look .hopeless until
ime.of t_ios.-*KUPsts bethought himself
of a 'brilliant idea.' "Haven't you' any
empty spools?" he 'said. '-ItViiiff, us-
■'iiur" , -'"'_,
.'•The spools were'dispensed, and tbe
;...npv fiii'sis just wound up' that rab-'
' il and nt*o it-ofT ihe spools. And now
ii'-y want all others similarly perplex-'
'.' f'-i is'iow a lion t, this fine scheme for
"".-i".*-'. wiliranel.-isiic and refraetorj
\Vi*!*-ii rabbit ■•   '
j _oiti<»u«t. oei minatori perche sono i
-A'i-i'W'JjJi' At.*.'AA v.,'.*, }i*i (iatl,- ii LIU!.
1   CLOTH'S, CLCSHT. -,
A Convenient Press and How to Build
It at Home."'
The most ef!niiiiun''<if all complaints
i'i-the  hntiM'liold  I-i  n  lack of,. Inset
nom.'   Here   an-   l,h<>  directions, for
!-ul!d!ng n .very st-rvieealile and  neat
'■lollies   I-Inset 'at ,'a   very   small   es-
i>»-.se:   also   a   i-nt"- showlnw   plan   (i?
'•'•set;  . ' ■     '   ■       ,:
Procure) two  boards-soft  pine   wllj^
-■in«iwer nk-.ely-nl.out fourteen or sls-T
teeii inches wide by five feet long, and
iwo boards the same width about four
feet lone* The two .longer" boards are,
to form,'the sides of the closet and the
two shorter,ones the bottom and-top'
After, the; four have been  nailed  to-
^tl_e"rln7tll^forurofT_bx;'wlW"tW
open side's, ■ narrow wood slnts'are to
'ie .nailed across one of the sides, placing■•■them ' about   five   inches   apart
These" slats tire  to'hold  the  clothes
Proposed' Monument For the;'Alaska-
;■ ,       Yukon-Pacific Exposition..
' 'The.' Alaska-Yukon-Pacific' exposition
; monument, to be the crowning work
uf sculpture of. the international ex-
.-hibition of 1909, will be covered with
-solid"gold leaf.   Gold donations to the
•'amount'of *$7,000,  necessary to com-'
pletely. cover the great shaft with the
'shining,metal, will be solicited from
Alaskans, Yuko'ners and the' people of
Seattle. -  -
■An appropriation to cover the "cost
of building the monument in staff has
been authorized, the drawings ■ made
_ and the sculptor is engaged in building
his clay.model.'---The monument i.s to
"stand in the'center of the plaza in
front of the magnificent group of United .States government buildings and
directly at the head of the Cascades.
Looking south from the monument'
will be first.the central features of the
exposition, nnd'theii the" eye will travel
over .a panorama of eighty miles of
mountain, lake and woodland scenery
to Rainier and the Cascade range. ,
The exposition monument is to be
more than seventy feet In height. The
monument proper will stand on a pedestal twenty feet high,'This'column
will be of Corinthian design, on the
top of which will be a globe glviug'the
signs of the zodiac. "On top of this
globe will be a huge American eagle
with outstretched wings, as in (light.
Grouped about the'base of the monument will be three seated female figures symbolic of tbe northland, tbe
south seas, and the*orient. Bverv foot
of tii|s grent monument will have the
appearance,of having.been hammered'
out of pure gold if,, the donations aro
sufficient to complete the. undertaklnc
-Seattle Times. .     ' .   .
THE WINTER GIRL
By GEORGE SATTBRFTBIiDi,,
Say, bo'ys, * , ."
Here's Winifred Winterl
Pretty, dorrt you think?
She puts the
Merry summer maid, completely
Ori the blink.
There's dash in every step she
There's mischief
In'her eye '
That makes you say   ,->»       ,
"Ain't she a queen?"
As Win goes walking by.
Ses,     ,. ■
Winnie's sure a winner
Prom feather tips to feet
Vou can bet tho boys
All rubber
When she trips down the street
, IlOilUMADi; ..XO'J'HU. OJ.OSItt',
hooks. The number of slats should
not be over four nor !e_i than three,
niid tho top ono should bo fitted tightly agiiliiRt the top bonrd,
When the frame of the closet Is comploto stand It In the cornor of your
room or ngnJimt tho wlndowless sldo
where your trunk 1ms taken up so
much room ami been of bo little une
nnd proceed to stain lt with n nlco
dark furniture stain. It Is well to follow the color of the wood In your
room, or a clear white Is very good,
thuu-;h It soils easily. After the stain
Is dry put In the hooks; then across
Uie front stretch a i-urtnln of crctonno'
or somo diirk, soft eoiton sluff striped
or figured In pretty colors. If you wish
- io iik.' o pole niul rings for the curtain you may dn ko, lmt you will (lud
It lmt ter t<» run Hie .-urinlii on u wire,
tis It prevents n ji.irlleli*- of dust from
■jotting In the rhist'i, whereas n cur*
tnlii on pole nud I'lnnH ImiigH su loosely
Unit diiHt I.i liable lo lu. found iiiiuoy.
In«.  .
Hemming Tnblo Linen.
TnhU*-.nilis nud iiii|il{lns ununlly nro
flnhhed with n l-'rourli lioiu, A !•'rench
hem In mndo hy (Ii-mi turnlnc nn onll-
nnry hem-that I-i. turn one fold nud
then turn It over a second time. When
Dw hem hns been turned, turn It buck
un Ituelf, so Hint llu* rl'dil side of tho
hem lien upon (lie 1-1-,-lii. Hldo of tlio
material, and top sew the nines.   In
- ii -.      . -, ., ,
thli ti flnl ..I**. «--pn>r\d txnt xiw hem
and erenso It flat. TIiIh forms n morli
stronger bom than the ordinary ono
tested ullh the omkiI Ijemmlng hilu*!i.
Only the raw rtljfes of table llneu
should bo het" -led, nnd Iho iiom on
•.lai. __.',.-.i.i, w.>',,i ',/i J,* uaiiiii_>'«. be M
In possible to turn it—that ti, sboot
•n elfthth of an Inch wide.
Youthful, Suicides.-
,* There .is " a shocking proneness
among youthful Bengalis to kill themselves on the, least pretext. It seems
•to be an exaggerated form of sulki-
ness, and ,011c would,like to have a
medical opinion on the-matter. A
student is .reprimanded by his" parent
because bis studios don't show the advancement expected. The boy swallows some opium - and ends his
studies. A' girl wife in Howrah takes
a dislike to the second choice of her
husband: She also secures an exit by
the easy means of opium. A Bengal
woman in Howrah wanted to go on n
pilgrimage .to Gays.' Her mother said
she could not advance the railway
fare, and the girl went out to a tree
and hanged herself. These are all recent cases.—Calcutta Empire.
■^ A Pleasant Prison.    -
'The prison at Cettlnje, Montenegro,
has'been deseribed(,as surely the most
extraordinary one in existence.' It presents-little to Indicate, that It is a
place of confinement, there being'ap-
parcntly notiilng between tlig__prlsbn^
ers and absolute "-liberty. There are" no
outer prison walls, ond in tho ceils the
. men—about eight or ten to each—are
as" contentedly and comfortably housed as their own personal domestic belongings can make them. Moreover,
they are generously fed, and cigarettes
without stint, wine occasionally . and
no work at all combine to check any
desire to,escape more effectually than
would,strong walls, Iron bars and an
army of Jailers.—Loudon Globe.  .
Tees In the .Treetops. * ;
Hero Is a story sponklng better for
tho Germnn emperor's goodness of
heart than his knowledge of tho ancient and roynl game of golf. "So you
wnnt ground for, your golf club, Sir
Frank?" snid the kaiser to tho British
ambassador at Berlin. "We haven't
got nice grass meadows round Berlin,
as you lmvo In England, but I'll glvo
you a bit of the Gruno'wnld," a plno
forest near Berlin und a great Sunday
resort of tho Boi-lliiei-n. "Ah, Rlro,"
Sir Frnnk Lnsccllos replied, "I nm
nfrnld (here would be too mnny treeRl"
"Trees!" Instantly replied tho emperor, with bonhomie. "All tho better to
keep the sun off you when you are
playing In tho summer!"
The summer __lri looks'tempting ta"
Lawns' and chiffons llg*ht,
And the sprightly, sightly
Springtime miss       •-       *>
Thinks* she's " r
The_,candy, quite. .
The Gibson girl's a charmer
With that bored look.   '*
Of hers. ," *'     *
But, boys,'
Don't.ever overlook , .
The little girl in furs.   "
There's Just ono thing wrong; i
With Winnie,
Though it ■     -
Really might be worse—       „     *
You'll notice that sho carries
A dress suit case for "a purse. -•
/   , - —Pittsburg Press.
THE SEA BAT.   \
Specimen   of   a   Fish   That   Is   Both
" Queer and Rare.
One of the rarest specimens of the.
,lish  kingdom known  to waters, contiguous  to  tbe North' Carolina  coast
was captured In a seine at Masonboro
sound by William ^ewlett. a'.flsher-
mai(i, says tbe. Wilmington Dispatch.'
The' fish, -.which was brought to the
city, is,what Is called "the sea'bat,"
and it is a perfect reproduction of a. '
leather wing'bat on a large scale. The
fish is about (ifteen hichesl-long and
about thirty inches across the back.
(-.range .to   state,   It   had   a   thin,
threadlike tall "about fifteen inches In
length, and ou each side of the rear
appendage were'two perfectly formed
gloved feet, with a smaller dimension
having   the   exact   appearance   of  a
thumb with the other part of the hand'
initiened.   The mouth of the strange
sjiet linen was about five Inches across,
and on each side of the mouthor the,
underside of tlie body tliere were five'
''strainers,"  or  holes,, through   which
the fish, Is^said to rid Itself of refuse,-
products resulting from the forage it,
picks up at the bottom of the sea. The
top of the fish was a dark slate color,
fii'd the under part of the tiodv was
white. *' ',
- One old negro fisherman more than
seventy years,,old declared that this '
was only the second .specimen of the
sea bat he'had c-vcr seen in his long,
experience as"a Osherman. 'The .specimen, wliich .had a truly uncanny np-*
P'-arance, will probably be sent to the
state museum at Raleigh. *    *.   -,
Cold Storage Poultry. *
The state bonrd of health of Massachusetts has Issued n bulletin on cold
storage poultry In which this advice
Ii given to houHPki'ppei'H. "In order to
nvold obtnlnlnK .waterlogged nnd re-
fn;. ii fowls the consumer should demand the frozen bird and ilmw It himself. , If tlmwed quickly by Immersion
lu ii bucket of hot wnter ll may be
enleii with Impunity nnd wltli relish
Hie hiiiiio dny It Is purclinHPd, or If
hung overnight nt room temperature
It may be rendy for use the day following."
The Funny Enf-ll.h,
JiimoN 8, I'aliner. vice president elect
nf the Uniled Stuiei*. mny possibly Inolc
forward lo (llllug one day tho position
or president. It will be roiiioiiiherod
Unit on tlii> di-iitli of I'l'imldcnt .McKin*
ley. .Mr. H-mMi-velt, wim wiih I lien vice
■ircHlileiil, sutweiled inilfiiiintlcnlly to
(lie [ii'eHldeney without nppiiKltlon,
Should anything linppeu to Mr. Tuft
(which we sincerely trust, for liln snko,
mny nnt I*. tin* ca.-.ei Mr, r.i1m_r would
proh-ilily, If precedent were followed,
lit!-.. Iiii, placo, - IlliiHtiiiiud London
Xoxxn.
bone, merce Jarbltrato sl Hdusso a
tjuaranta, ora II Slg. Stockett rlcerch-
e-i-ubk dl rli>vt.i. _i:»a nt I'arno. N-aita
Nnova Zelsnda le ron-JIcltml norm
mello fdn favorevoll pf*r 1 lavoratori
dove It dette nlntomo dl arbltro a snche
la romphtnmtnle fsllilo romo sara
fallibfle In r-nalKtaal nltrn parte del
momlo dove ani lavo.__oi| dt ccixitn-
Hi fCftllCiU  C tClUUlU .  ..lunik  -nm
The Movlntj In Pirty,
"Ve--*. lliey have a now sort of function In Chicago Hint Is quito lht»lirnu<'.*'i
"Xf't '•■•..I'd n innvtnir In jmrty Wlu-u
the ImHteuM li'iiriiH that the emplj
hniiKe next door Ik to bo occupied she?
-•[ill-* Inr gm-hts by telephone, and
lliey come and draw cuts for tlu
front wludowN and then *lt thero and
h\t,o up tin* now ni'ljintiofs siutt iin Uic
movers carry it In."-CIevcland l'lalo
Dealer.
Small Window Hangings. ■
The small side windows, where on«
does not wish'to hang,the lace cur.
tains,, should be covered _with soft
shaded drapery, plainly hung and of a
simple pattern. A; very good, material
for this purpose is Aberdeen linen.'-fit
'sells for about 00 cents a yard/ Whero
diamond shaped windows'are to be
decorated this material is wel! suited.
Of course one can use the soft silks,"
and -a stencil pattern on soft linen
-ceioredsilirisvery" lianJBonieT- ~ ~
In preparing a stencil pattern it
you cannot afford a metal stencil
then get a good gradeof manlla paper,
and draw the design ''.you; wish on it
Flowers wltb hanging beads are very
pretty, nnd tho way to get a perfect
outline Is to place a piece of carbon
paper, black side pn, the manlla paper. Lay on this the pattern you
wish nnd pin firmly' In place. Out*-'
line with a very sharp lead pencIL
This leaves a perfect outline on tho
manlla paper. It is best to coat the
cut out paper with paraffin, which cnn
be done by sprinkling small pieces of,
shaved paraffin over tbe'patterri and
running a iiot Iron over It.
But a better way would bo to get
n soft brush, dip Into tho.melted wax
and point both sides of tho pattern.
This contlng saves the sides of tbe
pattern by preventing the molsturo
from ruining the edges of the openwork.- Cut out tho pattern wltli a
vory slini-p knife on tho manlla*paper,
and If you make a wrong movo there
Is nothing to do but mnko a new pat-
lorn, The brush must never bo wot
when applied to ihe material or tlio
molsturo nnd color will extend beyond
Hie outlines and rnin the offoct;
Frying Pan Stage. -. 7
. "'The late Mrs. William Astor," "snid
n colonial,dame,* "took, after all,1 an ,
optimistic view of American society.
She criticised our faults, but she be*-
lieved In our future. American so-
fiety, she used to say. .would eventually be,the finest in the world. Once
she declared at a dinner that-it was
tlie proper social sequence to set; like
us. the money first and the refinement
and culture afterward. She said that
when she looked at the uncouth millionaire of today and thought of the
splendid ■ creature to come after' him
she- felt as optimistic as the.fisher- ',
man who, casting his line, brought up
a frying.pan and said:  *
" 'Oh. that's n good beginnlng—a -fry- -
Ing panj° I have only to catch a fish
now and I shall be all right'"—Wash-  '
lngton Post
Ancient Mariners.
That the Egyptians made sea Toy;
_ag_ei_Lo_ng_before^t__e_,tlme.of_So!o_!on-
hltherto c considered''the first ocean "-
traveler* on a large scale, ls declared
by- Professor,.James H. Breasted to
be conclusively proved by a tablet
found by him In Palet-mo, Sicily, during the three years' exploring trip
from which he recently returned. Professor" Breasted asserts that the Inscriptions on the tablet show that tbe
Egyptian king who built the first
pyramids made a voyage with forty
ships across the Mediterranean to
Lebanon to obtnin cedar for a temple. This Journey, according to'the
professor, was made In tlie thirtieth
century B. C, or 2.000 years before
Solomon mnde his voyage for1 a similar purposo. ,i       '   , .
Embroidery Deilgn.
As applique work in very much In
demnnd and cotmldcred one of the
best ways of (rimming n frock, an
orlgliinl design Ih given here for it
For border and bunds ono spray may
be used ns medallions.    Uso net ln
An Ocean Sanitarium.
Somo ^particulars are' given  In the
nrlllsh Medlcnl Journal of n proposal,
to provide nn ocean sanitarium for tuberculosis. The suggestion Is to (It up
n sailing slilp of about 2,000 tons for
nol less llinn-fifty pntlents, each to bo
provided with a large nud well ventilated cabin.   The deck would bo used
for what Is commonly called the veranda treatment, The Intention of the
promoters Is (hat tlio ship shnll cruise
In' the neighborhood of tho Canaries,
where It will lmvo tho advantage of
the trade winds nn<) of nn equable
climate, while a port will not be far
distant In enso of tho onHot of bud
weather.
A Msjeitlo lee Wall.
In n letter from Professor Edge-
worth Davis, a member of the nrltlsh
antarctic expedition now seeking a
way toward tho south pole, thero occurs n vivid description of the gront
antarctic ice barrier, which wns en-
eoue'ereil by (ho littlo ship Nimrod.
"II Ik n sight," says Professor Dnvln,
"(hni beggars all description. Imng-
Inn a coiillniioiis Ico wall r»00 miles
long nnd one to two hundred feot
high, tho exquisite bin*, of the ere-
wis-ii'K emit rant Ing finely wllh lho dn«-
telliuc while of (ho weathered Ice on
either uhle of Ihem."
Good Word Far Veils.
"It In tlm-.* big veils that fasten
down tight jiiiiier the chin nnd oars
that I want lo put In a Rood word
tor," snld Hie Ime.orlologlNt. "it mny
be Umi ihey ruin thu eyes and shut
on) a lot uf fresh nlr. as' some folk
clnlm. bin (hey provent women from
pulling dirty plecos of money Into
Hulr nnmllin nml so keep nnniiffb
BorniM out of (he system to make up
for Dw other dlHa.UnritHK--.-i.*'-New
Vorlf I'n-MH,
NOTICE
Wtrd Ih received from Ucllovue (hat
lho fnllnwint* nolh-f. bn* hoon pnntr-A
up Jn \urloitu plsc.s throughout the
camp.
Krom April lst, 19ti, all rent, due
aad on the day that letu&t <k.«_.*.!<---.
Ihmin. or hulldlmr ron. bor-nmr* d'to on
pre per difendere ae at-Mul « l.nitira   l*s* M,n* <i*3r -*0 **c'' ■■"••■*•■ owy month.
umanlta. j for liouii»'» and biiDiJin^n nwn.*.l by
JAMKS DOimi.l-31 V. *.'. C. I.*:,,  e&tttt b. fwcSJ fn u_.!ia_.._ _.
Tint worn, wo pirnaui,
tho flower, ns Miirsestod In tbe pat- ■
Urn. ItuttonlMile the outsldo edges I
nml put (ho Fiviicli knota solid In the |
-ti'iiter. Lo-tvcR nr. .mif i,mhn,tA„ry, t
mid wed silu-li. Kltms aro boIW. This
pattern may alna bo u»«l on all solid
material.
♦♦♦♦♦»»»♦♦<
♦ Tout   ouvrier   mir.eur   ett •#
♦ prlc de ne p.t. venir * U pio- ♦
♦ vine* d'Alberta ou au banfn ♦
♦ du   Kootensy   (Colsmble   An- ♦
♦ glalit)  puslqn'i! y a plus de ♦
♦ 6000 aan* smplof. ^
♦ ♦
*4MM^-*_-+-+**>♦ + + -•_• ^ <><> +<>
Advertise Your  Business
tim'i' of th* (nth tiicretery,
A pi'tiuhio bull is r-rcdllitl to Auguo-
line ItlrreM. sei-relnry for Ireland, by
a Hrlslol rorrespondont oi? (ho T_nnden
News.
"It It Mtlur" Vr XXtrmil nfllrmrd tn
tbn c'nirf.0 of a public speech at Drif*
toi, "to faco your foes In front of jm
than your friends behind yonr back.1*
anrBtik
h the belt remedy
known for sim__ntf
neat* rashes, tcztma,
sore feet., a}™* wm!
blisters.   A skin food I
•HI I'nvfUlt «-jJ Sit-m-ai*. pVyj.r,t, ,**$qt-rfg
r*s*r
r
PAGE7 EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,, FERNIE, B. C? APRIL 15,1911,
AROUND TOWN
NEW   COMMISSIONERS
■'   Cutty hank lines tbree'o-0r a quarter
,. at McLean's. Drug .Store.
.   Mrs..,0. M. Ross is in the city after
'-several months absence .     She is ac-
'" conipanied by-her son Willis.   <-
Special' value  in, steel rods,  $2.50
' each',at~ McLean's Drug Store.
Christ.Church Ladies'.Guild intend
, giving their regular weekly tea at Mrs
* Walton's, The Rectory, on Wednesday,
April, 19th.
•     'FISHERMEN.   ATTENTION!     McLean's Drug Store for everything in
" the fishing lino.
Married at Cokato,' Monday, April
10th, Walter S. Matthews and Hannah
Draper," Rev. D. M. Thomson officiating.
• IF'IT MEANS STRIKE! Then whip
'the stream - with the files ' sold at
' McLean's Drug Stores. They are
, guaranteed to land the fish every time.
"Laugh  and  grow fat" is  a time-
worn proverb, but if you cannot grow
fat a hearty laugh is assured if you
visit .the  Fernie   Opera  House  next
Tuesday, when Alec Lauder, brother of
""   the famous Harry, supported by his
own company makes the rafters ting.
_    Before placing your    contract   for
' Shingling and Lathing call and see R.
'■ Wright, West Fernie.     Terms moder-
' ' ate; Estimates free and work guaran-
His honor' the lieutenant-governor
In council has appointed , the following as commissioners for taking affidavits for election^purposes in the Fernie electoral, district:—Thomas Henry
Wray, John D Harrington, Oscar Erick-
son, Charles Pelagois 'and David Paton, all of the city o-f Fernie; John E
Smith of Coal-Creek; Frank Nash of
Waldo; James Ayer of Hosmer; Richard Jones and Nathaniel Howeils of
Corbin
♦#»•*>**■
SOCIALIST   MEETING
tette. Box
t
Vjh-S"* ■*>■»,*> •» *» »♦♦ *»,♦■»*»*»
,-7j)!65 editor.is not responsible for the
opinions oi'correspondents:
Ou Sunday last a meeting was held
it} th'o basement of the Miner.' Opevri
House' when Fred Phillips was tho
speaker of the evening, with Wm.
Minton as chairman. , Afler the closo
of the,address a-number of thoso present took part and lively discussions
ensued ** .These meetingsj are open
to the public and ns'■there* is not, the
slightest hesitation in saying that the
"Labor Problem" is the all absorbing
problem of world wide importance,
the more men and women wbo undertake its study the more will lt be
understood..' '        , ,
Next Sunday evening a meeting will
be .held in the same place with James
Lancaster as the lecturer.        , '
We strongly urge upon the working
34_ltp ,   class  of  Fernie   to .attend, and   by
te '   ° "       "working class" we mean all those who
:ket at N. E. Suddaby's       „K1 b   '
Get your ticlc
for next Tuesday -evening's "louder
Lauder laughs" entertainment; four
bits (50c), six bits (75c.) and one
simaleon ($1) at the Fernie Opera
House.     !      | ,
Easter services .morning and evening in the Methodist Church next Sunday Special anthems will be rendered by the choir and choruses by the
• children. The subject of the morning
sermon will be "The Risen Lord." For
the evening the -subject will be "The
Immortality of the Soul.'*
Fernie's record for expert marksmanship is recognized throughout
British Columbia, but at a recent target practice a* member of the Rifle
, Corps eclipsed even his own brilliant
- showing by completely dismantling the
screen at one shot. ,.Rumqr_ Iin*-* it
that it was a dum uum or explosive
bullet that inflicted such serious dam-
age, but this cannot be^the cause as
the gentleman in question is a dead
game sportsman and'would not'take
liberties* with his.reputation, and even
though he wrought such fearful havoc
on the occasion referred to is a pro-
perform useful labor.
POVERTY,
LABOR ,
AND OVERCROWDING
By Robert Blatchford
found mystery.
"The Queen of
the Moulin Rouge,
Bad'air, bad water had drainage, bad
ventilation, "damp streets and dark
houses', dirtiness and overcrowding, all
tell against the health, against the
health of 'children most seriously, and
all help on the. deadly progress of degeneration.
Grayness and. monotony of life, unclean, unsightly and sordid surroundings, tedious and soulless toil, .all
tend "to blunt the senses, to cloud the
mind and to oppress the spirit-
Millions of the j working poor,'...who
live in great and noisy cities, .whose
neighborhoods are vast, huddled masses,of sunless streets and airless courts,
wtio.e lives are. divided between'""■joyless, la'bor and joyless leisure; the
conditions of whose comfortless ■ and
crowded' homes are' such* as make
■_'_»_mliTips__,^an_L-_Iecency',_and self-res-
pect impossible; millions' of men, women and children,,are here starved in
Content," Alta.
To (be Editor, District Ledger: '.
Djfai- Sir,—I have Just observed' in.
you. Issue of March Ilth an article'
toWatag on War. I agree with my
couimdo that tills' war question' is in-
si_.(l<*cl*eiit.y discussed by tho disciples
0r '.ani. Many ot our "Socialist brothers have, explained to their hearers
tiiosnvagery thiit existed In antiquity
undlhie middle ages, touching but slight-,
ly oH- Die bnrbnrlous preparations of the
pre. .lit day. Hugo machines are bolng' ^titll for human destruction nnd
thotaiMids of workers are engaged In
tliel**-" erection-which any sntie man
vrLHl  udmit Ib unnecessary.       ■»
--fur Is ono of (ho most horrible and
li."|| resembling curses that ever en-
te_d*.««l tlie heart of man.
:iiu this great Christian ora the
.luiirrch, in the name of Christ, was
es-.liulillslied for peace.' In Its midst
'«_ ll-nd all kinds of preparation's tor
waf« money lavishly expended in all
dhcsctlons. One huge dreadnought,Is
erected at a cost of $15,000,000. On its
c*ej*s are mounted" modern guns that
co* a sum equal to one hundred barrels of flour  each  shot fired.
iVe find from statistics,that $9,000,-
OG._,000 are required yearly to, main-
talq militarism in nineteen European
caiiaitries, the United States and Japan'.
Oils huge, sum staggers humanity
smS baffles {he human mind. Stamp
tBils on your memory—$9,000,000,000,-
0»i]ik This sum is equivalent- to a
ciWlnual loss by fire throughout the
7.(»r day'and night of about $15,219'
p..r minute.': $9,000,000,000,000 yearly
too protect created markets for surplus
commodities which are thrust Into for-
e.|p lands in front*of the gun..
On the top of this stupendous sum
,-sne*. have' national war debts discussed
ti)' Dr. Adams of university fame.
Ihe civilized government bf the pre-
'ecyit day are resting under _ ah m-
d$)tediM£ss;amounting to $27,000,000,-
0)0,000. In addition to this, since
jS-ST this sum has increased to $35,000,
GJO.O.OO.OOralmost/three times the total
afnount of\cash "in the entire world.
"The meek "and obedient wage mule,
iiliorant of his political power; pledges
■fl|aii_elf *to support, and-.maintain ser-
__iae_Capitalist governments that hand
$8.600,d00.000,600.
are not In apposition to.eitherco'hflrm
or deny his-statement'as, to affairs in
Fernie, but th'e conditions there "must
not be -taken'-as applying to the whole
of Canada: 7 We have recently sen't~a
number of'miners to "Edmonton, Alberta, who have started work the day
they arrived 'at' wages -"Of 18s. to  £1
per day.'jand* there is still room for
more   there, J while  we • have,1-orders
from two "mines in'Nova  Scotia  to'
send., to tbe "'one 50>and to the'other
75, experienced handpick-miners, the
wages offered being 14s. to 16s/ per
day. ■ We trust you wiU see your way
to, inserty this  letter.- in •. to-morrow's
paper," as statements such as that, contained in tlie article .we refer to** are
calculated to prevent men going to any
pai;t of Canada* in search of, employment as miners', and. we know there
is plenty of work offering in the. proper parts to .capabi. men.—We are, etc.
CHAS.. STEWART'&'.'" CO.
35,   Mount  Stuart   Square,  Cardiff.
Jan. 20.
Are s.ld with'a, positive guarantee to
cure .CONSTIPATION.. INDIGESTION
arid, all KIDNEY, LIVER" and BOWEL
disorders..    At all-dealers, 25 cents
per -box:-or'The "Fig-'Pill  Co.,-. St.
.,.*-.. - • ** - '*-*   * * *
Thomas,  Ont.*    ' '.,7*   .   '.-'•■-    •*■
-.,.-   '    .   "•    •■.."•*"       *     "-    '•••
Gfois Ne^Tfiading M
4. " ''   ■'..". •• *-.'=■' '," LIMITED''- ;••/' 7  ."77 "•:'  ->■'
The Store of Good Values
the title of the musical comedy drama soul as w,eji as in body,
which set Broadway aflame with en- Thes<_ peoplo, throughout their anx-
, thusiasm and stirred the critics of the lous and-laborious lives, sleep in the
city, is rather a misnomer. So much overcrowded cottages and tenements,
has been written about it' that further I rjje -m tfle overcrowded and inconven-
words are almost useless. However,
a few sentences to correct a popular
misapprehension, doubtless caused by
its suggestive title, will be worth while
That it has dash, harmless transiency,
effervescence, is cordially granted.
That It is not risque, low * in moral
tone or offensive to the modest eyes
and cars, is vouchsafed by Samuel E,
Rork, under whoso direction It appears
,at the Grand Theatre, Wednosday,
April 20th. The most defensible'
thing about "Tho Queen of the Mou-
Hn Rougo" Is the abundance of songs,
hits and its pretty and vivacious dane-
Ing stunts. Parisian costumes^ always a delight, aro a notable foaturo,
Tho production is elaborato and the
presenting company ls unusually largo,
requiring a special train ,of five ,cars
for transportation,
BAPTIST CHURCH
Uov. I, W. Williamson occupied the
Baptist Church pulpit last Sunday on
both occasions, preaching two powerful sermons.
Special music ls bolng arranged by
tl\o choir for the Sunday Easter sorvlcos. Rev. Thomson, tho pastor will
bo In chargo of all the sorvlcos for
tho dny.
lent third-class carriages, sit in' the
crowded'.and stifling gallieries at the
theatres, are regaled with the crudest melodrama, the coarsest humor,
the most vapid music.
What refinement; have they In their
lives, these poor working millions.
They have no flowers, no trees, ne
fields, no streams; no books, no artu,
no healthy games.
, Worse than that, perhaps, they are
paid neither honor nor respect. thoy
aro without prldo and ambition; they
havo no Ideals, no hopo.
The environment that denies to human being, all pride and honor and
hopo, .nil art and naturo and'beauty,
docs not, mako for hoalth, nor for
morality.
Tho straltnoss of means, the uncertainty of employment, tho looming
shadow of hunger and tho workhouse,
send' somo to suicide, and aomo 1-.
crime, and leavo tho impress of thoir
ovll presence upon tho hearts audi
mind's of nearly all.—From "Not
Guilty, A Dofenflo of tho Bottom-Dog
A COAL DIGGER
BORN
Todhuntor—On Wednesday, April 12,
tho wlfo of Wm Todhnnter, of a daw-
Rhlor.    All woll.
ny nobort E. McKlnloy
>"LonnBomo Vnlloy." whero I grow,
Shaclm 'round tlio company Btoro,
Tho shaft, tho dump and thn grave**
yard too;
Eat. worlc, die „„d~no,„lnR movalN^^S
Chicago SoclnllHt,
r^»v>
.MSB
On tho breakfast tnblo—in the sick room
for mnltinu salads, pucldlnj.-. and other den*.*
o*»riq—-for n hitn bfitwoen riieriK in tho InncSi
£$* box, thero is no fruit cqunl to tho fnmou'l
' >v California "Sunkiot" UranRu.   iteiuu insts*
rijieno., sound-picked, packed and shipped with tlM
utmost skill and care, it is tho most healthful and luscious of all fniUa
Sunkist OranjtM nro thln-nklnncd-    ItUt Wrsppi-r.   'Himifinnd-}- o( fnmllM
flberleM-Mtd'.rvii.  T.'i.y fuirly melt H     wllllpvu iinsiobiit. iiuUlwt O^rnnfjuH. A(l<!_
i..fc Xinl.tXii.    Hut..-;  .» *.■*>   *..->■*  *.~.w.   ...       . '-"-• "•-■-'       7   .,  .   1,
■rrvlnKnnd«-fttlni.ttHmtli»ttlieyarcitri:ly    you.   1'K-ai.onruko the til.il to-lay
"_.'.'• .       ...._•...    ___..__. *_,..« _4_._iU_>   ___j.Hh   tlmm .1 •#_./ //_*_1_| /  ]Q
i'lcu.o riuiko the iii.ii
th>r cbenp«*-t <iran'tre ymx can buy. aeslcr scll-j tUrm,   A[mi don't
Uvary Sunklkt Orange comes In a Bun-    sitvr the "hunkiti   irraf>f>eri.
Ask for "Sunkist" Lemons
Alier yoa havo malun -HunUI*t Ornm;i«,y>i« will
lx> eX.„l to know Ihero nro Kunkut I^smotn *
forflii-f.ro .nrnlliBflin-rft fruit «i(lh _r klml.
*r*k3.    Kovvr I'lcmUhi'il, Tiiiirrail, iiTiiyr-il, linoi* (
*>{e_V.      tkionvil or pithy.   KiinLlht Lemon*
odimln fdp«Tccnt ti.iir« Jnt_« tt-ir.n
«.oiitiiviui>U>» Un*."*.)*. wiU. li
niiikm Hi' tn trimli't-riniiml-
n _.-._.. __»... «mAA_    ""i—r —Hi     letf for Wuhan and labia.
Roger*UrtngaSpoon    ^^*3SteI5Sw   "*■■•>.  tm "«unwi ."
|U*i'l$f>-ii.tMOr>.i>in'l'-rLMB''<*i        ^"^'^fflSSt       "Wf*pf*r I Unt»M
Wno|_r",r»r *.l w*n<1(h<n)lrtiw«it)) IVwi ^SfcC^"
Mr rflitrfr*. pH'-tllKf. *lr , m»l rt. will KfMll ^S^
,n« *Mh Kr-*»*>i*»*lW-*T»pr*ti«r-.,,f.«»n.f.tl*«««I.
UltiwUKml (uulmiqurtlliir. H*_fi»m*I».(J«r;|.<*t*i
l<>1.'      I.   'I»B   II mill'   III"I« Ithll   "Ml,  *.*,* VI »*l,t
\Lr.pft-r* «« I Ito J,**" »w l> n-Miti-MMl fN*«
fn   r"i'.1*1 .u. li''"' '■ ""'i'' ■""-•• ■»'",*> '*■* amtmin
V.nn 1*1   rndnninl. ***** »"*><  »• AttT*t** f-**l •»»<*•,
II! IV !ld
,- Vomf
Itrg't H)
FREE
r*.,n*v til.\*t. HI
.cat", 'yearly. $8,000,000,000,000. This
magnltudlou's sura , the bulk of whicli
!K subscribed by slaves to Capitalism
-yStliojit a murmur,' to have in readiness , men. and boys of their own rank
lit case of emergency, to .shoot down,
nuinler and tear, to ribbons the flesh
of? unruly and' starved workers.
If the slave ask any; questions the
[at plutocrat statesman will refer him
io the ' reverend So. and' So, -'-whom
-gala will refer him to the land that
IB -fairer than day and the text'-"Be
faithful'im-0 your liiaslov::. bo nhodl
eait work dilisemly and produce move
ipore surplus value, but ask no ques
(tons." * ' 1     ,"
In ' 1905-61 the Norwegian-Swedish
(Li'mles were ordered to the front to
D-utchev ono another.'   When assembl-
M at tho national boundary orderawero
(Slven by the professional butchers to
form, fire, shoot charge, but no response'came. ' Brother knowing brother iiet a shot was fired, not* a Bword
was drawn. -  Tho' foaming   deBpots
■were frantically running hither nnd
thither but .all to no purposo.    Bankers, proachors, best citizens, capital*
i«t looohes, and all kinds of monoy
igrabbors shouting' for wnr, more pro-
tflts, moro markots, could not possibly
lexposo thoir stuffed carcassos tb tho
-111 IbsUob fired from modern machines;
tlioy could not possibly fight tho workers would not fight, so that settled
tbo mattor and tlioro was no war,
Tlio snobs, dukes and lords, earls
iind'a multitude of bospangled paia-
bUc-8 must he protected.     More l?old
roqulrod oxclimlvo of tho cohI.     Tlo
patriotic and follow tho flag,   Slnvos
lo Iho front, flattered,  fllmflnmnod,
ForocloiiB prny-
(•rn offered up for victory by tlio clergy
on both BldoB. '   A hourly nond-off,
Wnr at tbo front with Its heaps of
torn nnd twisted corpnoB, blood'spurt-
lug and flowing In overy direction;
.".urinous' roar, mlsslloB flying; doflnod
by tho clorgy ns hell with tho flro In
full blast, but -no good eltlKcn, no bnnk*
ors. no servile Btntosimui, priest or
jn-onchorB nro forced to thb front to
flglit HUo hell to get a homo In hoavou.
At\V]\t\t would hnppon If wo abolish
preparations for war?
If all tlio st finding armies of tho nn*
Uoiib Involvod In tho annual expenditure of $8,000,000,000,000 woro engaged
In producing woalth with modern tools,
modorn machinery nnd u knowledge 01
modern prouuctlon, this i,u|wi_ii-j«'i
labor and expenditure would ho abolished,
Workors, unlta! Toko a losdon from
your brothers of Norway nml Swodon.
You hnvo within yonr «rs»|i um «'■»«.-
throw of Cnpltnllsm. Tako hold of
the roi ns of government, Vou havo
overylhlng to gain, nnd nothing to
Ioho but your chains. Abolish war,
lirovldo food, sholter and clothing (lien
.you have lim'iirfd tli-*** hlfthor soelnl
development of mnn.
' aViO. patov.
The following extract "from "The
Canadian Courier," Toronto, and letter
have been sent'for publication:-*
_ n
.."AN UNFORTUNATE STRIKE."
"Miners seem to be the most ag-
"gressivo kind of men. There'har?
"been mora troubles in the mining
"trade in Canada, in recent years
-_!
"than' ln any "other.   ' Last week,
"nearly ten thousand men in Albcr-
"ta and.British Columbia,'members
"of the United Mine Workers' Association,'-went, out on .strikei for
"the .'closed shop.'   There,is no ques-
"tion of,wages or hours Involved.
"It is simply a question of .making
"the mines' ,'unlon,'," by compelling
"every miner to join the,U. M. W. A.
"The public's sympathy will1 be with
"the employers,- since th'e miners re-
' "fused-to submit the'matter to an
"arbitration  board,, under' the*,Le-
"mleux. Act."—The* Canadian  Courier, Toronto.   *>
"1        '   ,   ' ■*  "April 10th, 1911.'-
"John A.  Cooper,  Esq:,  Editor .'The
* • "Canadian Courier,'" Courier Press,
.Limited,   Toronto,   Ont.
" "Dear Sir,—As a subscriber and interested reader-  of   The7Canadian
"Courier,'I think* it Is to be regretted
"that the person responsible for., the
"article in the issue of'April 8th, head-
"ed  'An ■ Unfortunate' Strike,'-should
"not have . taken  the ' trouble * to, in-.
"form-himself-ns'to the true stato, of |
'affairs before milking the bald s*ate-
"nient that- 'Tl-.ei e, is * no question -of
"wages or hours involved. It-is. simply
"a"question'of making the mines '\m-
"ion—by-compelHng-ever-y-miner-^to.
"join the U.'-M. W. A.' '-.■-.'-
"If the ^uthor'of the article in qu'es-'
I'tion will take the trouble of enquiring
"into the;matter he will find, if, i.i-
"deed he does not know it already,
"that the'real and all-important question in issue Is,, the matter of "an inserts se in wage, ,       , *   '
"As for "the. operators' having ibe
"sympathy" of, the general public, they
"probably have" If, as'' the author of
"the article''evidently considers, the
,"C.',P. R: constitutes tho i.onenil public—Yours truly, ■
(Signed) ' \ JOHN R. PALMER, *
Solicitor for U.M.W.A., Dist, 18, Altn.
the-men is amply' borne,' out bj*; the
facts. For ,a period .of 6 years, the
men have not received any substantial
advance in wages. *. The problem "of
living has "become"increasingly,', vexing from year to year, .until to-day' it is
a fight* for mere existence.-, The average pay of thet miner for the-past
eight months has not been more than
$40 a month, and-with*tho cost of living materially'Increased." the case of
,the industrial situationis at once made
apparent.-,..      *' *
The old cry of directors that they
must 'have'' dividends tor their share-
nc.'ders, this,is quite reasonable.' lmt
they cannot- expect reasonable ^dividends out of watered stock,-aiid thai
seems, to '.be -one ,of. the serious problems of the whole situation-.'' *
.  Again, tha-,,C. P. R.~ has for' a long
tiite past I been* buying Its coal'. .at
ridiculously low figures.  '■ Its "'■ position as a carrier has entitled it to
dictate-to"the mine,owners"what they
shall receive forftheir product, -irrespective of whether" the sum isft a fair
one or not- * it is a case of, accept
their terms or close the mines...v
- .. *  . * *.
So long as this state, of affairs ^obtains so long will'the industrial situa*
tion be affected and- the country suffer.
Many regard the Operators' Association as a creation, of the railway com-;,
pany.   The  general  majority  of •-the
16 operators wbo form thiB association are under the absolute control of'
.the C. P. R'. "   The  "managers * ^re
mere puppets to carry into effect'.-the
policy, of the.C. T. R. ■   An investigation   under the Lemieux Act is of du-
bious'value because fronVpast' history
it has not been deep,or thorough enough to ensure a lasting'effect.     The
probe is felt," parties giveiip the fight,
but for "the time being, only.     Thus
we" have recurrences cof • the trouble.
'■'There are"mines whose tangible asset-*<'do not exceed more than'40 ' per
cenf'bf tha outr.!raiding  stock'upon
wlrcb  diviii-mttj  ar-."*:to' be-'pa/l.' H
FROM ONE WHO KNOWS
To tho Editor of the District Lodger
Dear Sir,—The coramonts given .below ore from a frlond of mlno wlio
occupies tho position of "0110 of the
public," and in his capacity which
compels hlm' to travel throughout this
district Is ln oloso touch with curront
ovontfl.    Ho says:
' Tho situation in of a nogntlve character—I, o„ no one actually' knosvB
whnt thp flnalo will bo, or whon It will
tako placo. Ono thing that hooiiib
quito coiinlnis, that tho mon nro determined not to loso tbo'opportunlty
which thoy now havo'and which Is an
opportunity porlmps of n lifo tlmo to
bottor thoir vory bad conditions. -
That public opinion ls ontlroly with
ivould-not'bo,snip-Tiring if a,.ihorot'Sh
{nv/intin-n! tri*n_Lf__ep!(*_-__!_afl fli_a f__rf____'_1J_fc_
'-£._ T \sUV-{5<Al<&0*i—'■UluOi^WVW-' \l*\i\A-^—A.v*i^r*r «""»"*I
many of the little companies are-uy-
Irig'to- pay a* dividend upon $10 by
working a $1-outfit. *   In*this modern
age, and' especially,so in"*the West,"'a
man. should earn,enough to keep body
and soul together, and if he has'* children to be able .toifeed and clothe
them 'decently.    ' Fact is for months
past many havo been on the verge of
starvation while they have had insufficient clothing to put on their .bodies.
Yot we hear the cry of "Prosperity
In Canada,"     If this prosperity 'had
to "bo gauged by tho standard of,the
thousands of mineworkers lt ls safo
to' say that this fair Dominion would
prove to bo a most unprosperous nation.     Men do not have to be Socialists to realize that there ls something radically wrong when such conditions exist.    It seems to be the opinion of the buslnoBB mon ln Alberta
as well as ln B. C. that tho mine-
workers ought to stand pat until thoy
bring tho oporators to, terms which
will onablo docont living wages to be
obtained, '' ,
Throughout the wholo of tho affected dUtrlct ovorybody speaks highly of
llio way the mon aro ■ showing, thorn-
Reives to bo law-abiding cltlzons, and
if thoy contlnuo to do so, as thero te
ovory ronaon to bollovo, thoy will hold
the esteem and support thoy havo already Rnlnod.
YourB sincerely,
A PIUVATI3 CITIZEN.
CALGARY
We buy Calgary Lots
Owners send us your
listings with prices
and terms
EUREKA REAL ESTATE CO.
Ill A 8th Ave. West
P O. Box 2080 :-: CALGARY, Alta.
'', Your dollars .have the biggest purchsing pbver*,
here.     A' careful comparison of values will;eon-;
vinco you'that our Grocery'Department" can supply
you with ."the. highest" quality of food" products at.
a' saving'-o'^fulij. 15c: to-,20c., ori; every' dollalv*.
We-save money for others; why-not for you*      ^
SPECIAL GROCERY VALUES FOR SATURDAY
'\-°   '""'■    Royal Household Flour ,.; .
.100 lbs.r Sack, $3.25;    "50 lbs. Sack, $1-65,   .
* ■ "- 3 "lb. Packet Washing Powder, Regular 25c. '*■ -■
Special 20c.        ,,
'' *'" Old Dutch Coffee, 1 lb. tins regular 50c., ,  .
.     '     \ 1*t   ■ i  l ,
./." ;. ',. • Special 40c.    ,       '•*
Flower arid Vegetable Seeds,• 10 packets.
Shredded Wheat Biscuits, 2 packets ...
.- Extra Choice Seeded Raisins.-2 packets.
C. and B. 1 lb Jars Marmalade, each ..
25c ;
25c.
15c.
..20c.
The New. Home of
Hand Tailored Garments
DOUBTLESS you, who wear Fit-Reform Suits and Overcoats,
have often wondered where, how and under what conditions,
, these superb hand-tailored garments are made.   The new home of
Fit-Reform is shown above.        *
rOU—and the other well dressed men of Canada—have made
tliis big building a reality. ,The enormous .increase in the
demand for these highest dass of hand-tailored garments necessitated
increased facilities. ,.
LAST year, the entire Fit-Reform Building was acquired, and
completely remodeled to suit, the special requirements of
Fit-Reform.
THE Fit-Reform Building stands ot the, foot of Beaver Hall Hill,
in the heart of the financial and business district of Montreal.
It contains over 50,000 square feet of floor space—is a model of
cleanliness and sanitation—and is the largest and mostcompletejiigh
class tailoring establishment in Canada.
WE are showing the latest creations in Fit-Reform garments.for
spring, designed and tailored in the Fit-Reform Building
shown in miniature above.
316
)fflW
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
•*-*_
.-*-*"
3olc Agents in Fernie
Burton City
Fruit lands
One choice ten acre Block! one and
a half mllea from town."
Qond terms. $88 per acre.
FOR  IiraNT—Flvo Room  Cottngo.
Apply, W. Minton, Annox,  ,     31-Of
Al
ml 1* <l4*.(
v>'m-» _ 7«• Vomiiin* lm «f *• -ttMiil* »>»*t.'iiim*«.   t4, __***.>? 1-Atfc
. ntikUt" nn t"' U<_"~lUl. ' v,r»t.i*-*» t .r (.rnwuima     A Hrcm
CAUFORN1A FRUIT GROWERS' EXCHANGE
|OJKfa«S«.E*<.TO«OMTO,OMr. <»>
Work for miners in canaoa
To tho IWHor of tlio "South Wales
Echo," Wale-*. Eni.,:--
fllr,«.\V.> notico In yentenlay'a I***""
a letter from Mr. John Wllllama, of
Kernle. Iivltlah Columbln, wnrnlnic minora against RolnR to Canada In thej
hope of si-furlng employment.     Wo.
TENDERS WANTED
District 18, Unitod Mine WorkorB of America are opon to
rocolvo tondors for Meat o,r.d Provision, to be supplied iu bulk
olgo retail, P. O. B. at tho following points:
Fornio, B. 0. HtllcroBt, Alta.
' Mlchol, B. 0. lethbridflro. Alta,
,    Coleman, Alta. Jaber, AJUi. ,,
,    Blalnnoro, Alta. Bankhead, Alta,
Prank, AlUt, Oanmoro, Alta.
. Hosmer, B. O.
Tenders to be sent to A. J. Carter, Secretary.Treasurcr,
District 18, U. M. W. of A.. Pernie. B. 0., on or boforo tho 15th
inst.
R. L. JUNE
Formor roalilont of Fornio.
IN THE TOILS
F. Wftlah, who was arrested by Constablo Gorman chnrgod with robbing
Mr, nugbee, ot Coal Crook, ot $7 or *8,
appear** for preliminary hearing before JudCO Whlmntor nn
nnd
' FOR ni3NT--Holnta:mnn Parlors,
Minora' niock, eltlior whole or pnrt ot
Btoro.-~Ai.ply, D. Uoob, P, O. 301,
;Forn!o. D. C, v
,,.  , ,.„.,-.'. n,   ,     *  >     1  ,,
,, *X..\ i I.*'      \rnti.    ,V»      £*--'.,«-_     ., ~«v.
itUi'Jv iro>* lhi.u,<Ai' JlOiiL'tiul .IJUil bv
good cook; wages satl-af-Ktory. For
•luiilcnlam apply l-cdgar Olllce.
..y>««r.<*     w*+f\     T   •_.   I  X* 1|* S f«,^.-_.,   .„
■ li*\i*»*h»   im h   *>_* W#'»i*W»* **)..        J,*..        h.|l.<H-lM'._
Fornio and dlatrlct for tho Colonial
Investment Compiiny, and la prepared
to ndvnnco monoy on l*ualii*_:i blocks
at a roaeonnblo rato of Interest.
TO RENT—Two Now, nowIypla«to^
two-roomed lloimomi wood «lied and
w.r. for onch'. Mod well'closo by. Apply, Robt WrlKht, West. Penile.   M .tp
>\
Llvo Man or Woman  wanted for
<•-»....» »^ wor't at hoimo l)fty*n-K M'M or tiM
Wodnaeday, P6r *» wlth ojiportuBity to advance.
iBparo Um* may bo i_m.i1.    Wo^k not
waa held over to ho brought bo- dlff,cull and w„uiret no wpar|etie_.
foro Judge P.
an early date,
». Wllunn for trial nt Winston, Limited,
Toronto.
Spadfna
Avfttiuc
32 5t
_______________■
mm

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