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The District Ledger Jan 13, 1912

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7. AV' ^e Official Organ:bf<District No..l8,?TJ.4H. W. of A.
.Political Unity is Victory.
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THE % DISTRICT-LEDGER/;FERNIE,^^.<B..O., JANUARY 13/1912
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- 7,   OTTAWA; Jan 9.yThe need for, fur-
J '; ther-. legislation „to regulate". lmmigra-^
: 'tion' • and* prevent* the. -ekploltatlon of
7'.l&hor7by^ompl6yors i-was ; impressed
■ i upon tho^ premier and his colleagues
yesterday ,by delegates of the. Domln-
•  ion Trades and .Labor" Congress. 7'7 ,
,':,.,  .yice-Presldont; - Bancroft   declared
■**7-that'the present law "was Inadequate,'
y -and'that men'wero brought tb Canada,'
.   ', regardless ' of' local conditions.", 7 eH
', , cited the,case, of.Itho"Toronto-Carpet
'     'Company, where Manager.J." P.^Miir-.
•phy had persuaded men. to come from
"^, the' old, country to tako • the place of
*7: strikers in that factory. The case, had
7   been'-dismissed" by the police' m'agis-,.
,.-  .trate, but-they-demanded-a..thorough
\\   investigaton by the mmgratori depart-
v   ment. *.i A good deal of.; feeling has.
7* , "Been created In-Toronto by tho0 failure
'■; *- of the department to "prosecute, becau-
„..8e it had been hoped that'It would be
'.a good precedent to have it, set forth
-.   that no employer Iliad a right to'.miire-
-•    present conditions. •",' No employer .had
- a righ\to violate the laws'of the,'coun-
try, as Mr. Murphyhad donel* ""  ',
'■'»*'   '» - 7~'y' ~   *' "  ■ T  '.*    '  -
■ No Pauper Wanted   „
7 Then" labor was "opposed to. the im-
-. migration of paupers' children and ask-
-•""..  «d„that^there sho'ujd be no, relaxation
of the money requirement of 825 at cer-
;',,,'"tain seasons7bf the year,when a man.
-'- *,was "going rto absured "employment.",
' >■-.-yy?'It,is;'nb'satisfaction.to a Canadian
;'V,7'wh'o'~lsJout--of|work'to find that his
7''-.place Is.taken by*a British-subject in-
'"".'sstead of by'an"alien."J y s ■'.■'■'., *" ■*■
Tho delegation also asked for the tb--
tal exclusion of.ail Asiatic Iminlgra-
and protested against any, relaxation of the regulations which prevent the.coming,of.the wives (jf toe
Hindus. '"", ,'_ ,.;', ,, _• ".-
;" "Vice-President Bancroft, in demanding ''Intervention. by the, government,
askedfor'an investigation into the ac>
counting of the Grand, Trunk Pacific,
and, expressel 'the opinion, that the
company,was not using public funds
which-it has secured for construction,
but-for operation';* and were'fighting
the organized labor men of the country with their own money. 7 * '
•■■Mr.'Somerville, representative, of.
the strikers, contended that the company was not giving an adequate service,; and that jts'.freigbt'traffic -was
at a standstill; * He understood that
the company was tb apply for,,or had
applied' fori a .loan"of 816,000,000, and
on behalf-of organized labor he- pro-,
testedjigalns't any concessions being
given "to, them until they had treated,
their employes' with Justice. > -'
j- "Weask'that tlie.*government shall,
give the - company - no . aid -1 while /It
flouts .the;government and" the ^hole
people'^of "this, country.7 Why, I can
tell you!.that-they have' got the public
muzzled,up there, and when.any. town
shows* any'disposition'to sympathize
with the men,* such" as ■ was the" case
at>Melyllle; officials .bf the company
come along .and threaten'to move'the
"-.-    . ■"!■ .'.tl- ■ ' »- -    . -■ '
NEW CEMENT W0RKS7,    . --
7   NEAR  FRANK, ALTAi,
Will'Have a Capacity of One.Thousand
- - Barrels Each Day, '-,
t'ownslte.". =
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SCH00pNTR0L^v7
t IN ^LBERTPHINE^
■7 'SOFFIClfeiROLE
1 We haye^tieon requested to publlah
the following,correspondence:'_    '7*
- Socialist Party of Canada,
.I •... ■.       * ,
Province of Alberta", '/',
7 - Edmonton,' Dec. '22nd, 1911
To Hon. Mltchol,, Minister of Educa-
., tion, Edmonton,-Alta: \'. '■
. . Sir,—I havo just received a; long
letter from ono of my constltutents ln
Passburg .complaining^ about school
affairs! Such' is general in tho mining towns. I- think your department
would do woll to mako a close Inquiry.
Tho mlno managers, or somo of tholr
agents, get,control bf tho school districts, and woo bo to any who-quostlon
tbelr high-handed rulo.
C.^M. O'BRIEN.'
City address, 022, First,Street,
district.y Will*; you ■ kindly,, give me
some' further* "iuformatIon,j,which Twili
enable' ub, to inquire.into^he si|uation.
If a7grlevanco7exist's,against..th'eJ*bard
It-w^r'no'doubt'be-'difflcnltHp obtain
particulars from that,source...'     '-'**■
7 your obedient servant,' y   ,l " -,'
'•'•■■ -\ -7 yy ■' _■" D..S, MACKENZIE,
Deputy .Minister.'
C.'M..6'Brlon, Esq., (522, FIrot-Street,
.-        Edmonton, Alta.   ■**■■■     .!   ";
- FRANK,' Jan. 9.—One of the,best
hockey games" of the' season was played, on-the rink" here-.today, Plncher
Creek vs. Frank. -
It was anybody's game till the .last
two.minutes, when the score stood 2
to 2. ,~ Plncher notched the winning
goal oie minute before.the.beli r'ang.-
A splendid crowd turned out to root
fbrthe'boys.-. '     -- .    "'  "      ' V"  ■
The-.thermometer registered 28 below zero thls.niornlng. '/- , ;- ,',
. ' Frank is,' to -have a cement- plant,
one-fourth-of a mile from'town., "A.
Miller,'' general manager-of the Coal
Consolidated', is president; E. A. Gun-'
ningham, "of," Lethbridge,. is vice-president. "^The -directors are Peter. Lund,'
Wardner; "B. 'C.,' managing" director of
the' Crow's' Nest PassJLumber.. Co.;
O. C. Chapln, of.the Chapln Company,
Calgary;'Wr*J. Budd, director of.the
B. Ci Cement' Company; A, Schmidt,
banker,"- Brussels, * Belgium; F., W.
Lent, barrister, .Calgary j J. E. Morian,
mine operators, Noils,. Belgium; and
J; E7 Woods,• civil' engineer, Plncher
Creek./,. 7. y- 'y ' --■' . -,       "'«_
This-" company .will. be named the
Keysbne Portland Cement -- company,
with/a capacity'of,1,000 barrels a day.
The building will commence at once
and the company hopes to have cement
on the ^market *by: the fall.   '.-
.This new industry*'- for Frank will
mean the; employment-of 100.^ to 200
men' in"*-.the*works^ which will add
greatly*to the progress of this thriving little'town." "- ;/   ','-•, '   -' * "•
, A-.fire.stafted-in-W.^Morgan's house
at' 9.30 Saturday morning, the fire brigade was" quickly' on" the'- scene, but
owing-to-the-severity-ofrthe-cold-Bnap-
the water - mains' were frozen)' causing a delay7'which proved fatal to the
building.' 77 '  '■'"  ""'.''-. -.   ■*>-   "'
STEEL-MEN IN'CANADA *.
'7,y  ^ 7-..- WORK.EVERY DAY
Laborers'Have'.'No-* Holiday of the -
- ' I,  . .-•'!*■' v . f;    *   t -
. Seven Days a Week
OTTAWA, ',' Janl-7 9.—Necessity* for
providing, one day's rest in- seven for
all workers was brought before the attention bf Premier,Bofden by .James
Simpson, of *Toronto,:.whb - laid,, emphasis upon the fact-that In the steel
mills'of Nova Scotia and the Sob men
were not' only, compelled to work seven
days a week, but,also had to work in
shifts of 11 and 13'hours. ■ He also
urged the,need for;the executive to
provide that hotel employes- and railway men,, whether^steam .'or, electric,
should by.right beTglven'one day off
each week.'; 7 77 - ,'
■■'-.Other,"subjects, presented'were that
all wages should be "paid in, cash ins-sad; of by cheque;.-: that correspondents of The, Labor'Gazette should be
compelled* to* report {conditions of unemployment in their districts, .that no
bbuntie-fand bonuses should.be grant-,
ed, that fair wage clause should apply
to all government; contracts,* tliat alien
labor law,be repealed and 'a- more
stringent-" one 7bevihade,'" that customs
duty.be lifted from'buttons of international unions on * the? ground that' they
were'-not"made" in .Canada, that railway.
e*piployes';be paid- fortnightly instead
of "monthly,' that the' senate should be
abolished, that a' department bf public
health should be created, and so on." ',
Consideration was'promised for all
subjects.- ,. 7''.. ',' *'   *",'.-;
Sixty Per Cent, of the Vote Polled-
Mass Meeting Humor
Many Surprises
BRITISH ^MILITARY RIOT—
. -OFFICERS ARE MOBBED
7  .   MINES ALL BUSY' .
, COLEMAN,*- Jan. 9.—Thingsraro
booming In Coleman at present-and.
every thing points, tb a season of
groat, prosperity. ; Tho International'
Coal and Coko Company are shipping
over two thounsand tons of high-grade
coal por day,' besides the flvo hundred ^tons whloh are required1 each
day for the coko,ovens. , Tho Mc-
Olllivray Creek Coal and Coko Co.
aro shlppng ovor four hundred tons
of coal per day, and thoy Intend to
incroaso tholr;, output considerably ,ln
thb near future/      ,»
!-■ COAL OPERATORS-MEET
7 .The fifth annual. meeting of the
Western ' Coal Operators. Association
was held ln this city yesterday, those
present being: Lewis Stockett, president,, Hosmer; P. L. Natsmltb, vice-
president, Lethbridge- W. h, McNeil,
Commissioner, Calgary;" O. E. Whiteside Coleman; W. L, Hamilton, Pass-
burgjlL, A. Campbell,.Spokane; JameB
Flndlay) .Maple Leaf; Collieries; Wm.'
Maxwell, Lethbridge; J. J. Morris,
Canmore, J; W. Coulthard, Blairmore;,,
H, Given, Royal Vlow Collieries;. J. C.
Reld, Lethbridge; John Brown„.;Hlll-
erest, apd W. R. Wilson. . -
In;the evening a Bumptuous and elaborate banquet was hold at tho Fertile'
Hotel, whjch closed the festivities,  '
Scotsmen-Used.Belts on Their Commanders When New Yearjs. Holiday
Was CurtalledrfChallengfe of. Officer
.to   Fistr.Fight- Was' Accepted, and
Ring Formed.'7-.   .
■'.'.,      >- ..' ' '     - '       . ,   '■
■- " ^^B^M *■      ' **
"• ,(.      "   *1   ■"
LONDON, v: Jan: * 3.—An ^extraordinary,,military ""riot is" reported tb have
occurred at Longmoor Camp, when the
"Scotsmen^ainong-the troopers on New
Year's,' Eve'vbecame Incensed at - the
curtailment, of-their holiday. " It is
stated that they smashed up the huts
in. the camp' and bombarded the officers'- quarte-^withibrlcks.-"-!:"'>Ari the- of--
fleers turned out- to quell-the disturbance,, but. the" mutineers formed a
square "and kept  off their superiors.
Some non-commissioned officers
were injured by blows from belts and
sticks. Eventually an officer, who is
a,noted boxer, challenged one of the
men to fight." Tho men Immediately
formed a ring and one of them stood
up to, the officer, but was soon badly
defeated; - "Opon this. tbe men suddenly returned to the wrecked huts.
It Is reported that one of 0 tho men
was shot, and seriously wounded.
. The civic elections are over and A.
W Bleasdelf goes back to the mayoralty with a larger majority, than last
year.- From, the number- of contestants for aidermahlc honors and the
small majorities it will be'seen that it
was hotly contested. " Three! of the old
members went down to defeat, whilst
two who had served the city previously will do so again'for-the'next twelve
months. For the mayoralty, it -waG
at one time considered/that Thos.-
E«ck,would, on the strength• of his
strong following last year, just, about
get home this time, but when it became',, known' that he-allied * himself
with'the. Reform element, Bleasdell became a hot favorite.-" Of the'" six hew
councillors, only one is known'as an
but and out supporter of a-.closed Sunday.' Two appear to be moderately
so, and*the other three may be relied
upon to let well enough alone.
The vote polled is much larger than
last year, notwithstanding the fact that
some 120 names were struck off the
roll this year. , Of a total vote of 526,
324'-cast* their votes for mayor, thus
shewing that 64 per cent went to the
polls, whilst last,year the percentage
was this 'sldo of forty. ' Sixty-seven
ladies tobk_advanlage of the franchise.
The school vote is very disappointing,
very few1 people'evidently considering
it-of sufficient Importance to mark the
ballot form. - Many did not vote ''at
all. for school .trustees, and others
marked" their cross against all the caii-
didates, thus-invalidating their vote;-<A!l
made public by Returning Officer S.
W. Barclay, are as follows:
,*    .       FOR  MAYOR
BLEASDEL, A. W.-.i  180
Beck, Thos."* ......'.  143
Spoilt'ballots .**.        61 ,.
for alderman
brown; w. .w.' -...-  190
' BROLEY, J. A. .. i. 7,  1C3
HARDIE ATTACKS
.RULER OF EMPIRE.
Noted Socialist Leader Is. Defendant
of Gaekwar of Saroda
DICKIN,*WM.	
1U3
15*1
GRAHAM, S.y..'	
122
MORRISON, "J:'J.	
115,
Wsllnce, S. F.  	
111
Robertson; J. W. ..........
102.
Mclntyre, J.	
89
Loxton, J.   .:..-;	
90
Carosella, P '.* ;,.
88
■ . Spoilt ballots	
18
FOR SCHOOL BOARD
lyons; ,c e. ......5;	
167
EGG, G. E .7......
154'
McBean, A. A. .7.:	
148
Ciimmings, Ai ■;'..'  .'*..
57-
KNIQHT8 OF PYTHIA8
■ i
;
Department ot Education,
Edmonton, Jan, 3,1012.
Sir,*—Your letter of tho 22nd ulto,,,
oddresBod-to tbo 1 Minister of Education, has boon referred to mo for attention.     ,    y
I havo -examined' reports and correspondence respecting < tho Passburg
School District, but have failed lo find
anything to indicate tho nnturo of tho
troublo which you state.oxlsts In tho
2,200 8EEK JOB
PAYING |8 75,
LONDON, Jan. 0.—Tho owners of
Caxton' Hall,* Westminster, advertised
for a halllcoopor who could show testimonials for. faithfulness, honosty,
tact and Intelligence.
Tlio Job was worth 18,75 a wook and
2,200 applicants woro received, Of
thoso 000 had credentials which wore
beyond reproach. - Tho man who got
tho Job Is an Oxford graduate,
On Tuesday.ovenlng Inst, Jan. 9th,
the following officers of tho abovo
lodge wore* Installed:
,0, C.—Geo. Barton.
'  V, 0.~J .Carmlchnol,
P.—Walter Brown. ,
K; of R. nnd S.—J. F. Spalding.
M. of |W,—W, Todhuntor.
I, G.—B. Klrlcpntrlck,
. O, G,—Qoo. Thomson.
After tho installation coromonlos ro-
froshmonts wero served. Lodge meetings aro held ovory Tuesday night at
tho K, of P. Hall on Victoria Avonuo,
at which all visiting knights nro cordially invited to attend,
LABOR,ACTIVITY IN VANCOUVER
large number ;of-. ballots were spoilt,
owing to irregularity in marking. The
result   of' the-.elections, which were
,, MASS MEETING . o *."-. "
' The ratepayers of Fernie were treated to a free entertainment on Wednes-,
day evening, which.took the form of a
mass meeting at the Grand Theatre in
connection with the electionsty J. D.
Quail occupied he chair, and on the
platform with him.were the two candidates for the mayoralty and many
of the aldermanlc.. candidates. ., Tlie
theatre was ..crowded and ihe remarks
of the various speakers-were followed
keenijryHeckllhg"w'as—fast. and fur-
ious. some, serious and others humor-
ous, the later predominating. Proceedings started with Mayor Bleasdell reading tbe auditor's report/which was ful-
LONDON, Jan. 8.—Kelr Hardle. So-  *
clalist leader-   in ' parliament, today
made an attack   on .the   throrie, for
forcing the Gaekwar of Baroda' to  ■
apologize* because he turned his back -
on King George immediately after doing homage to him at the Durbar ceremony . at Delhi.
Mr!! Hardle voices his opinions of
the incident In a signed article ln the'
Merthyr-Tydvill, Wales, Pioneer.', He
says In part:' -, \     y
"Evidently some, of the Gaekwar'e
fellow rulers had been taught to grovel before the throne, but this prince,
remembered  his   American  training. -
He kept erect and upon, leaving His '
Majesty's presence actually turned his
back  upon * the throne.   Future  historians will depict   this   incident   as
being most magnificent.
... . ,  .    '    \i --
'Here was the King-Emperor going
through his part like a well-jointed
automaton. The. white robed figure
approached, moving with native dignity, and doing all that ls required 'of
a gentleman. He could-not but remember1, that his country was in the
dust, that the foreigners' heel was on
Its neck. No wonder he,refused to
add to bis country's abasement by kissing the foot of his Emperor.
$718 AVERAGE PRICE
FOR   HUMAN   LIFE
Wharton  Steel  Company Settles for,
■ Victims Slain in Its Mine at ■   ■•*'*<
■.    ■-    .- , - t^ Rate '-        *   "* -
' - 1 " A."    .      *- - .
■ lowed by the reading of, the,financial"
FERNJE,yB.;MACLEOD _ _   ._..
dnT^da^evening'lait'irbckey'en-' ptatement'-by'City "Clerk Barclay.'! "Be-
Convention Call
For the Ninth Annual Convention
i
Dist. No. 18, U.M.W. of A.
FERNIE, 3rd January, 1912.
To tlio Local Unions in District No, 18, U. M. %,ot A.
Greotlnntn *    ■ ".'.'. l
'**.■
•     Ton aro hereby notlflod'tliat tbo Ninth Annual Convention of District No, 18, U. il. "V7. of
A,, will 6o hold in tho Labor, Temple, Lothbridgo, cdmmonoing at 10 a.m., Monday, February 19th,
^2-               7          i                            ,,,     y, '.'.   v,*, .'■   ,-.v
■ ' ',. ■'". ■           .„''"•         -      '     . -     '*,,;...
Your'delofl-ftto or delegates.are kindly roquostod to obtain rt Railroad Certificate in order
■ .     <■,           •        '■■«"■'             "        ' ■ "'
thftt arrangements may be made to got reduced rates.
1 A recont referendum of votes taken
by.Vaucouvor Trades nnd Labor Council upon tho quostlon of raising the por
capita tax has disclosed tho fact tbat
ovor fiOOO votes woro registered, Judging by tho avorago voto polled by
unions as compared with tholr total
membership, It Is plain thnt tho estimate of 8000 trado unionists ln aVn-
couvor is undor-lstlmatbd If anything,
And If reports of Increasing membership from various unions continue to
roach tho central labor body it Is safo
to nsBurao thnt, by noxt spring   organized labor In Vancouver   can   Iny
claim  to n membership of 10,000,
In addition  to this, thoy will noxt
month movo Into tho finest labor torn-
pie th nil Cannda, if not ono of tho
host on thls'contlnont,    Tho property
Is conservatively   ostlraatod   to   ho'
worth around $2711,000, with nn Indebtedness of only $112,000 In tho form
of n loan at 6% por cont,, pnyabio nt
the ond of ton yoars.    Tho/rontnls
from tho now templo will ng^rognto In
tho neighborhood of $21,000 per year.
With such n membership/such n Labor' Tomplo, and n llvo Pross (Tho n,
C., Fedorallonlst) ownod; by tho central labor body, thero vvlll bo something doing when  the' bunch light
Into politics next year on their own
account..   No power* on top of oarth
enn stop tho, onwnn) march of the organized labor movqmont.    It   must
llvo and thrive bochuso It has something; to live for and. fight for. . Tom-
j/w.<»»> *c*m/<»-,a« iu»if oe expected; of-
flrn-o may J>p flwm^j^O,*  'j^ vW-w -io-
nothlngs In tho lnbof movement Itself
may incer and roluejuntly  pay their
duos, but tho battle for industrial freedom goes on apac^.    Never In tho
thuslasts turned out in full force'.to
witness the first senior match of tho
"season,1 Fernie vs. Macieod. . Those
who faced the lnclement'woather were,
however, well "rewarded, for the game
was one big rush from beginning to
end.* '"■The) Pernloltes started off'wlth
great,vigor and put tho visiting toam
on the defensive right through tho
first half. 7 So*terrific were their attacks'that; the iNfacleod goal was the
danger zone, and the mnn between the
poBts',' tho target When half-time
was called the game stood: Fernio, 2;
Macieod,, 0. '
On tho, gamo bolng resumed tho
tables wero turned and tho Macieod-
Itos had their blood up. Thoy took
tho npproBBlvo and kopt our local boys
busy staying off defeat, ' Tho result
was a tlo, 4 goals each,
Full credit muBt bo given lho visitors for tholr flno piny, and moro'especially tho two brothors Cook, ono
of whom played goal and Acquitted
himself undor difficult conditions In
flno manner. Tho reason glvon for
tho local teams falling oft In, the second half was that two, of-tholr men.
Dunlop and Thompson, had played for
tho Mnclcod team at Cranbrook tho
previous nlghl, nnd woro, thoroforo,
somowliaftirod out for this game. Tho
visitors wore askod to play tho tlo-
off/"but could not soo tholr wny door
tcCdo it.    Tho llno-up was as follows;
fore this had ben completed, however,
Thos. Wlielan suggested .that' as the
statement would be published ln the
local papers it was n ,waste of time
reading It here, and as his remarks
met with general approval this part of
the programme came to a sudden stop.
The rest of, tho, evening was'spent
pleasantly In the manner stated above,
* ROCKAWAY, N." J., Jan..6!—Human
lives at $718.18 Is the prevailing quo- - *
tation in ,thls vicinity.-    . y
The figures are proved ,by. tho statement^ that the Wharton' Steel Com-,,
pany^fias).Bettled1,with..thei fiinillies of
eleven of the twelve men killed by*
drowning on October 19, when a careless shot ln .a drift at tho mlno of
the  company,   near  hero,. liberated,
water In abandoned workings adjoin-,
lng, , y .
-■ The victims wore.,Hungarians, and
the torms of settlement were reached
by tho company and the Austro-Hun-
garlan Consul of Now York.   -
FAMINE RAGING
IN RUSSIA
Macieod
Fernie
Cook
goal
Ferguson
Murphy (enpt,
point
Mclntyre
Lloyd-Cook
c, point
* •    Wnllnco
Bcongal
rover
Gardner
llrown
contro
' Thompson
Frnsor
I. wing
Dunlop (enpt)
MoLouglln
r. wing
„ llurland
MODERN WOODMEN OP AMERICA
Installation of Officers
Tho Installation of offlcors of the
local camp of Modern Woodmen took
placo on Monday last by tbo Provincial Consul, tho following officers,
wore installed for tho torm:
Consul—II. E, Dames,
Adviser—j, Murray
Osnkor—Thos, Dock,
Clerk—L, T, K Holmes,
Escort—Oscar Erlckson.
L, T. P. Holmes was also appointed
Asit. Deputy Head Consul.   After tbo
LONDON, Jan. -t.—Twenty million
persons aro starving in tho eastorn
provinces of Russia.
Thoro has been a total crop failure
In eight of theso provinces .and a partial failure Iri twelve others,
• Tho pooplo aro trying to koop tho
spark' of life alight by feeding on
woods and tho bark of trooB. Tho
govornmont, which for months refused to ncknpwlodgotho Immlnonco of
famine nnd later circulated false reports concerning tho conditions In tho
onst, now finds tho tnRk of carrying
rollof to tho suffering multitudes bo-
yond Its powor,
Iloluctanlly It Is admitted hy lho
Czar's officials thnt hundreds ot thousands of peasants hnvo already perished of starvation, nnd thnt nt loast
8,000,000 moro nro In "Immediate
peril" of tho snmo fate,,
A correspondent of tho United Prcns
rournlng from n tour of the famine
swept districts, writes from St. Petersburg thnt tho actual, conditions aro
far worso than tho govornmont will
admit.
Fifty-two per cont of tho population
of the peoplo In the eastern provinces
nro without food othor thnn woods,
bark, grass nnd berries, nnd thoro Is
no help in sight,
i «r ♦
» */
r»
Your attention is respectfully invited to Art. 7, Soo. 2 and 3, District Constitution, which
explains matters pertaining to tho contention.
"   , W, B. POWELL, President
"       '. ' A. J. CARTER, 8oe..Tn>M.
1.t«.a	
Installation tho members partook of an
'."Cil, i^f liu-ia has joyMor supper snd a good start wss
the evidence of growth, militancy, and (mado for a good year's bualneas.
determination to speed lion a» wlnn<
Scurvy and typhus havo added to
tho horror of starvation.
, 13oforo tho snowfall, women1 and
children colloctod acorns nnd ground
them up, using ovon tho sholls In an
effort to obtain "monl."
Thousands who ato this mixture
woro afflicted with dysentery and
homorrbngeB, which rosultod In (loath.
Tho population of two villages. In
thb Turay district wont en mnsso boforo tho local prlosts and demanded .
that thoy bo given tho Inst sacrament
boforo thoy dlod of starvation.
Tlio priests everywhere are In despair. Hordes of men, womon nnd
children, tholr bodies pitifully wanted
follow thom through the st roots begging for bread.   y
School toachors In Iho villages nro
wrlllng nppoolB to tho newspaper* for
aid, declaring that, prncttr-nlly all of
tho children are dying of lumgor.,,
Mennwhllo tho huroaucrncy, with
characteristic Inefficiency, J« pouring
money Into tho stricken districts, but.
vory llttlo of It roaches tho sUffurors,
being seized upon by grafting officials
who put It Into tholr own pockets,
Seeds for sowing, worth $2,260,000,
wero sent out by tho homo government, hut undor officials sold it to
prosperous farmors In unaffected districts.
WHITE TO GET
MINERS DEMANDS
lng fight* been .so 'jiiarilf/sst as right
now. Tbe future] belong**-,' W"tho'
jro/klng class. "V^ncoMyer* Will' d<f
Its duly by tbo refrt of the International labor raovenient. It. p. Petti-
piece, Winnipeg VolU.
On complaint of (the district' mlno
Inspector, a mlnsr jat Thomas, West
Virginia, was fin** for blasUn« coal
off the solid. It Is' reportod that Use
practice Is Injurtontb to tha «*? »nrf
dangerous to life,   j
AUSTRALIAN LABOR, MEN
"WANT mOHT OF- RECALL
LONDON, Tan. 7^-At the labor
conference to be held In Melbourne,
Auflfrnllft next week, a resolution will
be presented In which It Is proposed
to give the labor patty the. right to
recall any member of parliament who
has proven to be nnfalthiol to his
pfedfftti *»d alto to -provide for the
tttttnmnttc tin**ntlng ot nnf member
accept!!-*? an Imperial title.
* ' t    i •
VtlLKpW£ty^*fl<tffi^\i^V{*t
■aldent John "r^.Whlfe, of- tho tJnltcd
Mine* WOrtft>TS,''comple(eli'lilB,topr of
tiie anthracite"field today and started
for Indianapolis, whero he will remain
for the national conventou of tho mu-
ers, which .opens January 10.
Tho miners' chief declared he did
not find condition* here sa well na
they are In the West, but he said he
would not give up until be had gained
fnr thn anthracite mlnflr*-* tho demands
I they made at the PouvIHe convention.
Ho slated thaPhe was.it lfcvor b{ pAftceV-,
but was ready to battle If a battle was
tne only way of getting what the
miners demanded. |t
"I Intend to leave the miners more
than John Mitchell or Tom 1/owls left
them, and I«ia<.o mo)« fur iny mum**-*
sor than they left me," he said. President White said he would return bore
after tho Indianapolis convention find
proceed at once with tho dlstrlot presidents to Philadelphia to present tlio
written doaamla uC itui lulu-tv* U> Yiv
sldent George V, User,
i   i<
'i   ,'
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TS"*
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mmm
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^^^^^?^^^^^^^l^^!^^^^^^^^^^^!^^^^^^^^^i
■ V
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S'.yy*
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PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. G., JANUARY .13, 1912
*ickic*ick*ick**ic^
-&^^^-fW»*y»-^
The current issue ,,ofc the .Catholic
Year, Book published in this, city cbn-'
tains"an article-entitled "Socialism.an
Impossible Dream."     This, article is
a reprint from the Northwest Progress,
Seattle, and was written, by'a dignitary of the Catholic Church, Mgr. White
' of Brooklyn.' ■ In carefully perusing, it'
we fail to see any arguments^ or r'ea-
".soning why Socialism is an,"Impos-
' sible Dream.'     The heading isva mis-
-  nomer.'and should rather be entitled
.. "Why the Catholic Church is opposed
to  Socialism.'     The writer confines
•   himself  to  an  effort' to. show  that
Socialism is opposed to the church,
and for that reason, we presume, he
comes to the conclusion that "Socialism is an Impossible Dream."     His
arguments are certainly' far from convincing.    We can, however,.do no better  to  contradict    the    archbishop's
statements - than by reprinting an article  from  Cotton's  "Weekly  which
meets the case under discussion.     It
- is as follows: ,,
■ A comrade sent me a Catholic
■newspaper, which contains an article
sent out by the Catholic Truth Society, and asks me to answer it. The
' article warns Catholics against Socialism. It declares that Socialists
are against religion although they pretend not to be anti;religious. To prove.,
. Its point, it gives many quotations
which it says are PICKED AT HAN-
DOM from Socialist publications.
Strange to reiate, the article does
not give the names, of the Socialist
"papers from which the alleged quota-
,   tions are taken.     It just gives a list
'   of quotations aiid says these were picked AT RANDOM.'     Who wrote these
quotation's, when, where and' in what
papers they were published* or said,
such information the article does not
*■•   deign to give.    Hence I am somewhat
at ajloss to answer the article in as
full a manner as 1 might otherwise do.
- However, I will do my best,,
, In the first place, the position of
International .Socialism is this.     Socialism is looked upon as a POLITICAL    MOVEMENT.      Religion  is regarded   as'   a   PRIVATE ,AND   I*"T-
'•"DIVIDUAL MATTER..   Hence, while
- all Socialists who are recognized    as
such, follow the international policy
of political Socialism in its fundamentals,-'each  Socialist is' at liberty  to
hold whatever religiousc views he may
>    desire.     He may-be an atheist.*' He
may be" a . Catholic, a Protestant,  a
 S_ATf.liaT«T«ill*QTl »a        ^fo.flnnwnw Tjlc
,-fl A.AX.U...U... VUH.., M, ' ...UdUUUUWU. I " 4....W
Kullman.-.'the would-be assassin of
Bismarck'; .Santos, the assassin-, of
President' Carnot o£, France';. Bresci,
the assassin of King Humbert of Italy;
Luechlni, the:assassin of the'Emprcss
of Austria'; arid'Algoncillo, the assassin
of the Spanish "Prime Minister, Cano-
asv del Castillo,-were all of them Catholics. ' ' •' '■'-'"
John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated President Lincoln in. 1865, was a
Catholic.     -" .  ;-'
Charles J. Guiteau, who assassinated President .Garfield in 1881, was a
Catholic. , "7
Leon Czolgbsz, who assassinated
President McKinley in 1901, was a Catholic. , '    " '
The assassin of Mayor Harrison' of
Chicago and the would-be assassin of
Mayor Gaynor. were both Catholics.
The McNamaras, and ,"McManigal,
their tool, were all three Catholics.
^Now, if I adopted the tactics' of the
Catholic Truth Society, I would say I
had picked this, list bf assassins AT
RANDOM from, among average Catholics;' I would draw the conclusion
that the Catholic church was an organization 'using, the cloak of religion for
the production of assassins, and I
would warn all good people to beware
of the. Catholic church as a very bad
thing.
But being a Socialist who wants- to
tell the truth, I adopt no such tactics.
/There are assassins within the fold .of
the Catholic'Church just as there'are
atheists and non:Christians' who' adhere to the political program of Socialism.
Whatever the Catholic papers may
sa>-, there' is" nothing against religion
in Socialism.   * '
If there is nothing against religion
in Socialism, why do' so many Catholic papers and Catholic priests oppose
Socialism and, misrepresent it? The
answer is plain. It is economic determinism.
THE    CATHOLIC    CHURCH      IS
VERY WEALTHY.
-In the United  States it possesses
large tracts of land.  ,, It owns many
houses: -,'It has-millions of dollars invested in'bonds'and.stocks of*banks,
railroads and "industrial corporations.
'  In -Montreal .whole sections; of the
city are-owned-by ICathblic organizations. *-   _'  7' 7   "''   ';.--'   '  "'   '.
' It', draws '.enormous revenues from
the'sweat arid toil of wage' workers.'
It gathers where it has not sown.*   It
has heaped up.,treasures   upon-,,this
earth, -*' ^ y. .7 . " •- -  * -,
■* The"'proposition of. Socialism is* to*
capture the political power, abolish
rent; interest arid profit,, and intorduce
the collective ownership of the means'
of production and distribution.
Conditions of Labor and Wages.—
-: The Growth, of the -Industrikr- ■-
.'J, ^'"^VWorker; -''yy-yfy x,
i The' industrial, ■'development '".of
Russia is,ot\,recenttdate; an agraian
population stiir-. preponderates/and ^Is
_    .-_ J! '.__.-.-.v !_   r_„t....^   „*  + v7n*AX,\U"
arid
y
When Socialism comes, the revenues
of the\Catholic church now based on
the private ownership bf the means of
wealth production will be abolished]
Tlie Catholic clergy will either have to
work,for a living or depend upon the
freewill support of. their adherents.
Just as the capitalist, ownership of J.
P. Morgan will be abolished, so. will
the capitalist ownership of the Catholic
church be abolished.
Wherefore the Catholic church fights
Socialism, riot' from' religious motives,
but because bf its love for'great earthly revenues wrung from the labor of
slaves. ,'     " •' '        "  '        . "
The Catholic church' authorities oppose Socialism' for -the same, reason
that-.an atheist capitalist "opposes it.
The atheist and the priestly authority
are fighting side by side to keep'-the
workers in,slavery.      '       ,     ',';,
- We Socialists realize this.     But we.
do not ,'attack' the Catholic religion
There are Christians" and atheists in
the ranks.of Socialism and there are
Cathoics and-atheists, in the ranks of
the anti-Socialists..   The battle-line is
drawn" up', not over religious questions,
but over property rights questions.
. Wherefore we Socialists stick to the
political fight, and when the Catholic
authorities drag their religion into the
anti-Sociaiist fight, it does not hurt the
Socialists. ,   It only smirches and degrades'the Catholic religion which the
Catholic Church'   is   supposed'to uphold.-'"-        ."" 7
Mining in Russia
fellow'Socialists do not'bother with
' his individual beliefs "upon  religious
matters.
This Is nothing but a'sensible way
to look at the question. It is* the position that'is taken up by'other political
parties. Thero are Catholics, Protest-
tints and atheists in the Liberal Party.
There arc Catholics, Protestantsciand
atheists ln the Conservative Party.
There are Catholics, Protestnnts and
atheists in tho Socialist Party.
Now the'Catholic papers and priests
do not go to work and say. that Catholics mu£*t be careful and avoid Conservatives nnd Liberals becauso there,
are nthcistu among thorn. But tliey
. warn Cnthollcs ■ against tho Socialist
political movomont, because thoro aro
atheists among Socialists.' Either tho'
Catholic authorities have vory little
r«asonlng power or else they aro do-,
liboratoly deceiving their confiding followers.
I will not go into' tho quotation** as
they woro given without citing tho Socialist authority upon which thoy rest.
To quote tho article In full would tako
n column of valuable space. Ono
quotation, however, Btatod thnt Christianity had sunk to a vory low condition. If wo tako tho massacre "of St,
Bartholomew, or the Inquisition, or
tho sale'of Indulgences, porhaps tho
author had Bomo justification for IiIb
statement. Ilowovcr, as the author's
name was not glvon, I cannot judge.
Tho artlclo doclarod that tho quotations woro PICKED AT RANDOM.
Tt Is Btrnngo that tho 1UNDOM
picking did not alight upon many or
Ihe numoroiiH prnnnoiinreiwmtH of Ho-
clnllHtR upon tho political nnturo of
Socialism. ,'Jly such a mothotl of
random seniThlng I -*aii provo Unit tho
' Catholic elm roll Is an association for
nssasRlnatliig prominent pooplo, Linton
to Iho following
Ilnlthnsar flornrd, the assassin of
William tho Silent, was a Catholic.
Jacques Clement, tho nssnssln of
Henry III. of Franco and Havnlllac,
tho assassin of Henry IV. of Franco,
woro Catholics.
Conditions, of Labor and Wages-
^^Otke? Inte^Mtn^Statistit;s~~'"^
a leading economic feature of the country,'.but the.'great. changes' involved in*
the growth-of-.her indu'stries,havelar:
gely altered, this-.social structure.--In
the class- of wage-earners. the"figures
of 30. or 4p7years,'ag"o show '.rib"" more
than ,500,000 .workmen engaged-in industrial .biiBine'sses',, while there: were
registered by the, Administration' of
Factory .Inspection- (Jan. .1, .1910), 1,-
831,396 .employes-in factories.,. In ad-,
dmon' to'.'this- there, has' grown ,up an
army of"600,000 miners aid- about one
million"; men .engaged fn'railway "service./;, When thejnumber- bf workmen
at the smaller'shops'and factories,
which are .not included in the -factory.. Inspection statistics, and also the
different, grades of, transport workers
are takeii into account, the number
pf persons'engaged In Russian Industry at the present time,comes, to. seven
or, eight millions.    It would, however,
be incorrect; to, suppose that out of a
population of 360 millions-in Russia
this figure represents the total nuri*.-
bef"of wage-earners, as there are many
millions of laborers who sell their'labor to farmers."    The.ekact number
of these,laborers cannot   be .given
through" lack of adequate statistics.
VA characteristic feature of the Russian labor world" is ,tho close connexion between the industrial wage-earners and'the peasantry.     It,must be
remembered,that the bulk of workers
,in the towns and factories has "come
in  from - the  land,  particularly  the
black-earth'' provinces, ." where   there
have not been*.sufficient-holdings for
the rapidiy increasing agrarian population'.   ■ The peasant leaving the Jarid
to become a factory worker or wage-
carrier of some kind'usually left behind *him his- family- and a piece of
land in the-village.*'   He had, therefore, -to'send' part'of his earnings to his
heme tb keep his relatives and pay the
■■ens' arid taxes' of his often useless
and uncultivated holding.
Since,the.eighties of last century
ever-growing agricultural difficulties,
particularly-.in the Central and Southern provinces, "have driven millions of
the peasantry to industrial centers';
and .this,to' such an extent that even
the rapidly- growing demand for industrial labor was overtaken by the
supply.*- Peasants becoming' industrial .workers, had, to be content'in
u-'a*-*.. c-8se.\wlth'l-"w wages. Cot\\.-
tibris of work' in- Russian mines arid in
textile and other,factories were of,a
most^ exacting, nature. , During' the
iast_2b—years—thereihas«.grown_up„a-.
The Children's Hair
A Utile Extra Care Now May Save
After Years of Regret
OhlMran nlay so hard that th» head
psripirM aua in* *u»ir ow ** i«pa«uc-'
tn mat and r«t stlotty on th« scalp.
The London Times has issued a
Uusiiian Supplement of a'.! pages? It
give's a detailed account of Russia and
hor industrial, financial anl economic
oci d'tlons, and In genornl can be v*i<l
to bo a good boost for thatsoml-civ-ilz.
c-i1 country. The motive fo- the Times'
a-:!ion Is self-evident. The publishers
of the "thundorer" ,are not reputed to
bo-of an" extermely. philanthropic disposition, and their action on this osBa-*
Biqn must have been made woll worth
their while". On tho other hand,,Russia's outlay' In this connection may be
woll justified. As is well' known, she
is rilways ln a chronic condition of
hardupodnoss, nnd 1bJcontinually looking out for*.ways and means' to ralso
tho wind wliorewlth to swell the coffers of tho Czar and IiIb myrmidons,,
Tho TimoB supplement may, thoroforo,
ln this Instanco do them somo. good.
Seeing, the source from which tho following articles aro taken, and tho purpose with/which It was written,,it must
not bo taken ns "Gospoi;' truth. The
articles are:' ,', ;- , ,
Coal Production and Consumption
It is ImposBlblo In  tho space at
command to do more than Biunmarlzo
tho IndiiBtrlou of tho IttisBan Empire,
Among tho basic Industries In RusRta
potroloum ranks first, nnd tho oilfields
hnvo lw>nn trenlcd olsowhoro by our
Special Correspondent,   who   vlsltod
tho important oil-producing districts
for Tho TimoB,     Tlio Russian conl
dopoBlts nro of vast proportions, but.
{whon coinparod with those of HtiKlnml
tho Unllod Slates and Oormnny tho
production Is not grout,    Tho coalfields In Kuropnan Russia nro centred
In the Donotz, Dombiovn, and Mot-cow
IjuhIiih, nmi In tho Urnln.    Tho Doneis*
nilnoH at present pohhohs tho greatest
practical vnluo and   ytold   ovor   two-
thirds nf tho output In European Hub-
sin,    Tho following figures of production In 1009 and 1010 show tho rolatlvo
Importance of the various centres:
districts.     Conditions of'Jabor
wages are^ worse in the cases of the
millions of handicraftsmen who' ^aW
trying to protect, their old'handiwork
from the competition*, of modern'nia.-
"chinery, and are;destined, to gradual
extinction like .thef old -hand-loom weav-'.
ers of England.-,y..The,eriormaus,armv
of agricultural .laborers ;-'earri*' during
the whole season an average of 56"rbu-"
hies (under £6*y in '.'the-'black-earth
provinces, arid'-737roubles7(uriderl£8)
In the richer southefriVnd sputh-easV
erri provinces.     For ;'this7 small'sum
the 'laborer of ten .chas"'. to work eight
or'nnore days to find-'ari. emplp'yer.y
,6ver a million agricultural laborers
migrate every spring * tb ■.flnck, '".work
somewhere for the season.-v""" They are
often" small itarmirig..,peasants'J,whbse
crops have-failed; arid they, come principally from the central provirices'-to
the Northern  Caucasus'* (300,000 laborers), the Government", bf   Samara
(250,000) ,and other^outherii'districts'
The.conditions of'both agricultural
and industrial labor are,,closely, connected and an improvement lri the gerv
•eral status o£ labor may be expected
to follow in the near'future, the labor question belpg now more prominently before the Russian public.,'.'
i, * o *     , '
Work and Wages in the Cotton
Growing and Cotton Spinning
7  "      -  .Industries'   ": * ".
The hands are paid, weekly, if they
wishit, their piece accounts, being settled twice a month,, The payday queV
tiori Ib complicated- because, by • Russian 'aw, no pay may be issued on a
Saturday, or on* the "eve* of a holiday,
and there are_-40, holidays .in the year.
A spinner at piecework.can make,from
2s.- 6d. to 3s., per.day. of'nirie hours; a
weaver .attending, to two looms, "will
earn'about £2 15s.' per month; but in
comparing this with the-English scale
of* pay *it must'.be .remembered'; that
the Russiari workman has his quarters
and certain, thing's found. 7 The mill
'runs .'froth 4 a.m. to'10 p.m., I.e7l8
hours, the .-work being divided into alternating, shifts'of, 4%  hours each,
a system that; has* proved generally
satisfactory, v, /The" fuel.used,,is bog
turf, cut'and carried by the company's
'own light railway over a distance of
five' miles; • this'-iTv-'ork-.employs , 500
hands continually and produces fuel
at a'price considerably lower than the
cheapest wood;     The mill also.has'
its own brick factory,.'turning out,excellent bricks at 31s. a thousand. ■  The
workers are not insured.against.accidents, the. mill preferring to carry its
own risks • under, this heading." *. All
fines for' bad work,' indiscipline, etc.,
go into an account under "Government
control!.,from which, the Moscow inspector .allows payment, of funeral ex-
jerise's and'eompensation for losses by
thropfc organization,*, and" no "brie .7who*
has-seen-them in work}ng,;can-doubt
that' th'e*;Russi'an people wilLvi'ri .tiirie
attain to- a^high'! degree- of industrial
■efficiency. /-„,, .\". ?■   ;"  :y. -7   'y\
..  -.   _   .•*'-"/• ,    ; >   ,,     -~'-       *> ■.-#. ,
-< jLahor Employed, in Factories ,
■""' During" .the^year;'1910 .there.*were
15,721 establishine'rits employing.l,'851,-»
955 operatives -subject1";to- the ^factory
inspoctiori .law, an" increase, of- over -6.
per, cent as ^compared, with'the returns'
bf 1909.   ,"The average yearly increase
for the nine preceding7years, did?riot
exceed" one-halt pei*, cent.,7 * In"- about
70-per -cent of,.those ..establishments
from which return's" are, avialable7the
workmen.earned'315; million roubles
In". 1909 and 335 ■ miiliori, roubles" in-
1910, or: an' average of 239". rouble's, in
1909^and 244 roubels ln\l9107- The
total*.ain'ount paid in wages.. In*.1909
was approximately 489 million roubles,
as,compared'with' 450 million-roubles
iri 1910. .. Productive capacity increased, thanks to technical .improvements.
.The largest number' ot- workmen
were employed iri the .textile'industries.   ; In 1910'they represented 43
per cent of the total number. Y, The
manufacture1 of foodstuffs (largely at
the fisheries) occupied 319,917 hands.
The-woi-kirig of-metals, 280,184; minerals, 165,273;   timber 100,051;   paper
and allied trades 89,048: chemical products, 69,610;, animal products, 52?40S;
and of naptha, 29,361.      y - j
Russian ,', industries -• 'undoubtedly
benefited by the two good harvests
of 1909* and 1910 and such branches
of production as,sugar, starch,"-distil-'
lery, milling were, directly stimulated.
Tho' favorable" condition of, the'" Treas-'
ury permitted aii .increase of Govern*
merit, orders and the revival in ■ the'
building- trade was reflected upon the
allied industries—tlriibor, . bricks, ce-
inent, iron, giass.'-arid some minor industries.    .   .v.'*;*-'     '"     ' ' -.'
The
.-v
-and
0nly7
jVj .....      ' .
Genuine
*,">
~-?y.
Beware;6f.
Imitations
Sold on. the
Merits of,r
Minard's
Liriiment'
-  <5i-
Live^Feeil
^■^    , - ~ ^ y ■*)■
-and Sale Stables.:
First class Morsea for Sale..
'., Buys-Horses on Commlslon-
'*'■■"-1       '      ^ i «  (S
' t-<■ • &    . -      - .*'    : w
. —;—~ ; m>
George Barton.: i Plione 78 |:
r
A COAL FAMINE r.REATENS.NOME
. ,NOMB, Alaska, Janv.5.—Notice was
given-by fuel "dealers'today .that coal
would be sold at. retail, .the supplies
being reserved for those who, have contracts. ' It is almost"certain that there
will be a serious coal famine before
the winter s over, and it is feared that
much suffering will result.»  ,
L. E. McDonald
HORSESHOEING
GENERAL-.BLACKSMITHING
/and,.-     ■ ti -"-i' ■*'
"' xcarri'aqe\builb(inq V.
Express and  Dftlivery Wagons a
**-°: .**■ "      .Speciality  • '    .*'",
tdoap ana ,**t«r -Jo*«i*'t i««m.
move It, but th« hsTlr must breaths
to b» hsaltliy. Just try Nyal's lltrtmi-
loan. Rub It into ths roou et th« hair
with tbt balls of tht nnssrs. Th«
thlldrsn llkt it and will uk you to
ns* It Hlriuton* loosens up tht ao-
r.nmnlatiKl duit and nariDlratton »nd
tb* war ana **t*ip t*n vr.en tin tuut
and thoroughly eltantd. Aft«r.lt_.ls
drlid five anott
'" -*|B
1000
1910
Tons
Tons
Donotz   	
17,572.580
10,411,200
Dombrova ,..,
.   5,604,8*10
G,49r-,1«l
Mrtwrnw T"n*<ln.
MAW
{MM lit"!
.      (188,710
GUI ,200
Total   ....
, 94,114,617
22,601,035
une,
rhlle
another application of Kir*
sutone.   After .you. have. used, it. for
tors"will ehetrruHr guarantee Hlrsu.
une to 4o ail that is elalmed for It s
Por Sals In Forme and rjuarantssd by
N, B. OUDDADY
"wRiTo you wiriadialt It is the best
Sou have ever mim.   Tour Myal jDrusr
tor* wilt  ir- ~ —     	
€/JU€lfi4_
rriTiirf
\W ill
It Is seen from theso figures that
Inst yonr thoro was a roducod output
nil wind. • Tho reason for this Is to
f,.... «J    }..    t\. .    »1.. «l..«ll._„       tn        *V.»
Russlsn petroleum market, which
closely affects tho coal Industry. During the crisis of 1005 the output of
oil fell, snd prloes rose, In conssQU*
on<* of which oil users, more especially tbe Russlsn railways, turned to cosl
for fuel, which naturally resulted In
an Increased production of thnt mineral. In 1907 thn price of petroleum
reached th* unprecedented flmr* ol
Sft/Ms Cure
MBtMS) VMS) TtSMST MM UHMO. M SMHtre)
] ,978 kopeks, or 19 3-4 roubles, per ton
in Baku; in, 1910 the price had, fallen
to 8 3-4 10 roubles,''*so that-the consumption, which in 1907 had,dropped
to 3,351,010 tons] rose in 1910 to 4.0G4,-
520 tons.^ The' consumption of coal,
therefore decreased.
The deposits of anthracite in the
Donets are extensive, and are favorably situated in the eastern part, near
the Sea of Azov.' Tho output of an-
thracite-.,ln. 191.0 wns 2,387,100 tons,
rather loss than" in 1909.
' Thero^lias',been. a rapid increase lri
the1'consumption of coko during the
last fow years, brought about by a
general; growth of Russian Industries.
In 1908 the production of coko In the
tons;' In 1910 to 2)709,080 tons; and ,in
Donets? .basin amounted to 2,546,160
the first quarter bf 1911 to just under
800,00 tons.   , , 7
Tho coal of tlio Dombrova basin, Is
slmllnr to that found ln tho neighborhood mines of Sllosla, It doos not
coko and ls unsiiltcd for metallurgical
requirements, -
- Tho coal of tho Moscow basin Is
extremely low In quality; It contains
ash and sulphur, nnd crumblos on exposure to tho air, For this roason it
is wftli' difficulty nblo to compoto with
Donotz coaCbrsWlth potroloum,
Tlio Ural doposltUj of which tho host
conl Is Kgorshlnsk itnthrncito, Is,but
llttlo worked nt prosontT'Ciwlng to tho
transport difficulties. Tlifr. conl In
lho Ural Ih of locnl vnluo, but tlio output should grow In proportion Idjho
development of local Industries, At
prosont wood Is largoly used, but tills
ls becoming senrco, and prices are'
vory high.
Russls In Asia
HiiHHla In AhIu pobsohroh onorinous
con! deposits, tho grantor "pnrt ot
which romnlns nnworkod. Tho Knu-
noUky coalfields, surpassing tho
Donotsi deposits In mngnltudo and variety of contents, nt prosont suffer from
tho nbsonco of moans of transport;
tho proposed construction of tho
South Slborlnn Ilnllway Bhould, how-
ovor, encourage development, Tho
output of tho Slborlnn doposlts nro nlmost exclusively limited to tho require-
monts of tho railways.
An extremely good quality coal has
Ui/k.1.   tUri,.ti   ...   KL.<.   .hl..U«    l,l,«,,.V*J      IhlMfc
chnn flcpot-lt^ nnd nn th*i* Tnlnnrt of
Bakhnlln. Tho Sutchnn doposlts yielded 160,350 tons, Including 32,250 tons
ot Anthracite last year. Tho output
ils principally used   by   tho Chinese
Hiikhalln In many districts, and In
some cbsob Is shipped to Vladlvos-
sock.
Finally, here are tbo Gauesslan mines, from which 38,720 tons wero extracted last year, snd tbe cosl deposits
of Turkestan. There are extensive
seams In the Tkvartsehelsk district,
ob tho shores ot the Blade Bet which
hare not yet been works*. Th* miners! Is reported *qo«l In quality to
Monmouthshire eosl, sad Mt sjeotrt*
pblcsl sltnstlOB nukes It oulle pewl*
«1* that * ewsldersble «ff«rt tisdo
may tut hnlH up tt tho ttttvlt.   it
sceond generation of Russian indus-
tifal workers,of & type somewhat different to the first "They are more
intelligent and efficient,* and in consequence, have\ greater wants and will
not consent to'liveuder the same conditions as their parents did. . In spite
ot a desire'to' raise their standard1 of
llfo this ideal has only been partly
realized at the. beginning of the present century, the easily accessible supply of .peasant ;iabor being one of the
factors operating .against an Improve-
ment'Jn the status of the new class of
wage-enmers.'yj*. ,7 ".   , ,.'
;''     ' Improved Legislation
. The growth of'thoso-Ideas and desires has brought about many improvements In the'conditions of the work-
in class.    Such-are:    bettor sanitary
op'ncl'Hons, In factories'." the legal enactment of n maximum" working time
(11%'hours por day—1.897), abolition
of* labor' by children undor twolvo
yonrs of,.ago, tho establishment,of an
employer's liability ,'in'caso ■ of   accldonts whllo working (1903), the legal
enforcement of a Sunday holiday, regulation of shop hours, and tho organization of a moro or loss competent
factory Inspection.    Not all of thoso
lawB havo boon offlolont, but something has boon dono.     During tho
troublosomo years 100B-1900 thoro was
achieved by tho workers themselves a
gonoral reduction of working/ hours
from oloven nnd a half to ton, In mnny
ensos nlno, nnd ln somo to eight hours
por day, as, for Instance In tho oil industry nt Bnbu, lu sugar factories, and
In printing establishments.    In addition a nenrly general rlso ln wngos
from flvo to 25 por pont was witnessed,
This last factor Is not of ho Important
{*. character as n diminution In tho
hours of employment.   Tlio Incronso In
wages has boon temporary only, nnd In
tho inst four yonrs Increased prices
of nec&iinry articles hnvo nlmorlicd
nny npparont gain, ho that tlio rend
conditions of llfo.of tho Russian workman nro rfot too happy.
Waj)*s of Working Men
Somo !do> of'tho wngos of tho Itus-
slnn Industrial worker may ho obtained from the available statistics (1000)
of tho Factory* Inspection Administration, which ulv* tbo sverngo Incomo ot
fnctory mon a* 814-roubles or about
£22 13s. por yAAr.    Wngos of course
"Pf" 13 AlffciMn^ 't*fiiiBirlr**i t/»vtll*»
worVorR for Instance helm? badly paid
In comparison!with motnl workors,
printers, nnd ^thers, nnd tho average
annual Income)' of A workor In a cotton or wool Mwtory bolng about 171
mWnn r ci«,1 Hn. -war ns ngnlnnt 841
roublos (£3«)j the avorago annual
wagos of s mfUl worker, To take
anothor Instsnjoo, tbo avorago annual
wages of tbo (Polish workors In the
Caucasian oil '*Wds nre 802 roubles
(£82), as Sftl|nst 114 roubles (£17),
tho avenge IA the central Industrial
fire.'*". Like other Industries it has,re-.
Gently,, felt the effect- of Zemstvo taxation, paying an anriual charge ^of over
£5,000„lmposed'by the arbitary debts-,
lori of landowners, for. which little, or
no return/ is,; vouchsafed in roads or ■
other public works. , .   ,■','-
Taken all In all,the methods and results .of cottori mill management", in
Russia point to Intelligent and phllan-
Canadian   Pacific   Railway
7     ,n   Second AnnriarExcursion.to    ,
t.OS; ANGELES, ^CALIFpRfilA
9     By Special Train from
■''Spokane," Wash, Friday,'January.5th, i912.: Tickets on sale January
2, 3, arid 4,1912.' V'Final return' limit,-April 30th, 1912.    .
vT?aWfr-diir^
Going and returning- via Spokane; • .. • -7 • ■ • • • • •' •   & ^ 70 -
Going via "Spokane,, returning via Seattle '•••_• ••••     *125.20
Above'fares Include berth and. meals from ,Spokane' on -going trip.
,    For full, particulars,regarding these and other Excurslon,rates, ap-.
•ply to nearest' C.'P. Ry. agont, or-to "■;,;..,   ,        ••' .      -   ,
R. G; McNEILLlE, District Passenger.Agent, Calgary, Alta. ,
.' Till',, * _ -   - '
■mi
!1
Dr.dtV^iPematePini
et ft«*
fSf tsio
tetl*e ***§ **•»•».
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For DISTRICT LEDGER Readers
Spend   Your Money  with  these
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co.
Philip Carosella
Weber's 8tore( Ltd.
Butchers
"41" Market Co. <
Cslgsry Cattle Co.
Your Bank Acct
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
Home, Bank
<   Imperial Bank
Dairy
Fernie Dslry
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel)
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Colemsn
Royal Hotel, Nelson
Psssburo Hotel, Psssburp,
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
t...         1 .
Billiards and Pool
W. Ingram, Club Cigar Store.
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
p, Carosella* ,
Real Estate
C. E. Lyons
M. A. Kastner
Joe Grafton
Union Land Co., Ltd., Natal, 8. C.
Hardware
i. O. Quail
Trltos Woetf
Sewing Machines
Wm, Isrton
How to travel
Ovsr the Orest Northern
7 Over the O. P. R.
Blacksmith
L. E. McDonald.
When you're ary.
Mutt Extra
i  -I..H-.I        I "'"""	
Livery & Cartage
I x
Professionals
DKNTIBTt
. Or. Isrbsr
LAWYER*
CeksUla A M«T4flaart
Uwe A Fisher
W. t% Ft*run, tteiMfftftfiy,
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.■"■■;-7 ■*, ■ 7*'--y77'    7*7' '*- .• ■■(■*•"'*"-.:* ." ,y7y""" -  *
THE ■baMbTyimQEB; FERNIE,,.B.C., JANUARY 13, 1912
7*'
Si-- 7 :'*£.**.: -y*- *u '■■::*yy -.-:*y .- --> r* ■\".,' -ry--'---<?-- ".v*   ,-*
&■-,    7-7' ;,j.-; ■- >"-7r *:-,.>y-*   ;-"-y'~-'.7^7" .- y-,-""> -y. - V
17-..   y;>ny:y, v.,yyyy;;.-^- 777y 77 -7*7*7 ff« y^
..,.-:-y- -.""■-- ,   ">7 7^* \ „ •'.*'    . 77:.-;7-->: # y.'.J^—^-w;
i       -. , ' .-   ;* *-, *.    ■ -. -    ^-y„ ^ V.*- J7"-' -.-x;-*-*--*  ;■"."   ■ r::?1*^-™* . %s,,a.  **■»,;
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'Fo0^nqger Wils^slC^r^ Cdnsiderdttoh}
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.7      J-, Fernie-,B. C...Jan..,8^;*-.1912'
-; ■  .To"tlie Editor," District "Ledger:ySS .';•
",;   Dear Sir.-^Seeing a,letter from a fel-
^ -low ;Worke'f of- Belleyne -in>"your 'la,Bt
7.-issue, dealing'w"lth: the"question of:the
,7-gobd, - kirid-hearte'd/genWral managers
■ and'superintendents iri" the Pass operi-
.* ;ly discriminatingv-'e'tb.; Ibegto crave'a
'. 31ti;?f v space' iri ."our ^.valuable\ paper so
. ,.„that'a.few ofI that"b"odyt we haye heard
'   so*' much of '."lately—THE -'PTJBLIC^-
. %- mayjmow h'ow^.the 'worlcers , of- this
.-camp are being treated by-our* generous officials.", " " "" ;•"•" - ,' *-'  ft *-
-.In Fernie we'are blessed'with having* one of the. best general managers
on.the continent; at least this ls what
*    we are told by tho'old-timers' who
■' worked under this gentleman's supervision some years ago.     7.- * . y
1 ■>-.'   :Dr" Gordon must have known something ;* of *t this "great' philanthropist,
.   otherwise , be ,must have been-spontaneously^ converted-into, the '.belief
Ctliat the General Manager of the C. N.
7,P:'C. C. Ltd., must have-been an-arigel.]
'.""' :„Before the .Investigation at" Fernie
;% numerous ^ witnesses made extraordin-,
', ary-statements^re'wages and,general
-* -conditions, statements'thatk could,*'in-
* variably, be verified with corroborative!
." evidence, pay slips, etc.' "But alas.Uhe
7 crowded pourt at"FernIe'was*one,day
"struck -with consternation.-7 .Deep ill-
".^ence 'prevailed. - The court seemed'to'
huye some presentiment that .someth-'
\ fug, was. going to happen..'' v General
'Manager Wilson arose from his"seat
' and„wlth faltering voice,'" and tearful
• "-'eyes-read a statement which in brief
was to the effect-that the C. N. P.O. C.
were gelling their coal to Jim Hill} the
predominating    shareholder* in'-"'the
aforementioned company,,for one cent
;.!*erton less than''ine* cost of placing
said coal on the market.7 The:1! wiih*
.-vicilie'emotion" M,r. "Wilson   risaui-ed
-....tlia* partly credulous'audience that if
'.   thoy :v ould, onlyf put theirJ-rust in "**e
Lord—no, pardon'me** in hipi, Mr. Wll-
.   son-  he 'would-'see' they -got  better
. wages.',. I hope you will excuse   my
.  Ignorance' nnd faulty-'mathematics inasmuch as I', am,, unable'to figure out
■ ■ how the C.*N.:Pr C:,C. are able to'de-*
'", clare  dividends,  and, yet  sell  their"
, coal-at a loss.     They are surely wiz-,
, ards of. finance.     To" come .'.back to
^Wilson'ir'initwiciiT^lldress, you wilT
note,how deeply Dr. Gordon is moved
..by'It'.", .For though he partly'says the
Michel /and Fernie riiiners    to   'ad-
, yance, still, he could ,nof Bee his"
way clear to give'thom any further advance than the 10 per cent Mr. ..Wilson was most,assuredly going'to bring
about. What a catastrophe it would,
be, if Mr. Wilson died before-tho miners got this advance. ,' However, Gor
don, 'in this'report,, says: {"The- Board
might ha^e^corisidered an advance in
the case of Michel with * a'> dally ,aver-
age of' $3.96'.forfall contract^miners,
and of Fernie'.with a daily average* of
"""0.98"for the,year 1910,- though these
rates; can hardly be* claimed asbeloiw
a living wage," were it not for the peculiarly trying condition's of the Company.- operating' these mines,'- - arid -for
the strong declration of the newly appointed manager that* by introduction
of new,mehod8' he expects to be able
to increase the earnings of-the men'by
"ten per cent at least".- ' Mark you,
"at least."  ' It,is needless tor[me   to
explain to the workers of this end of
the Pass that.the ten per cent' "at
leaBt" has not come about as yet. 1
trust: Dr, Gordon' will never get to
know of this, else, his repentant'heart
may cause a premature death.    However, we will have" to use Mr. 'a".   I.
Fisher's "never to be forgotten words:
"It's too late now," ' In picking up the
Dececaber Labor Gazette' I. noticed a
c*pylcf 'thejagreements entered into
by tlie various coiripanies .comprising
the'Western;Coal Operators' Associa-^
tion^ and District 18.     On" page .•"•'■'<,
clause'."Open Shop,'", it, reads as foi
lows:''-'It is-distlnctly'understood'and
agreed between the parties,that there
Is to: be no' discrimination on the part
of the companies against union men,
or on, the-part-of the union men against1 non-union inen employed." *    *
,7Thls clause, I understand,' Is being
violated by almost every, company
throughout the District. ' True,", there
may be a difference of opinion prevailing as to" what discrimination really
is. During the recent-strike, we had
a few peaceful demonstrations, escorting a'" few, strike-breakers to their
homes, but this was strongly resented by coal companies, Riot' Act- Reading Mayors,7tradesmen, etc,-as well
as the government. \ The^latterjsaw
fit to give the strike-breakers an, escort
of; something-like'50 or 60 mounted
and foot police each, day - to . their
koines. Now, the scene changes. We
have,the coaLcompanies'escorting a
few men home and keeping therii there,
at least,; they will not,employ them.
And how, significant;, we hear no sound
of" complaint - from  government offi-
clalsT*mayors, boards;of trade," or any
others In defence of those whomlthe
masters persecute. Rumor,- hath it
that those hirelings who stood „by the*
company so well during the close of,
the recent struggle°aro to receive "suitable reward. Methlnks if it does not
take a inore tangible form than that
which the" officials of the company received on New Year's Day it will not
be very deeply appreciated.
', We hear of many charitable -prbmis-:
esof.Mr. Wilson's arid in fairness* to
his benevolence I desre "to enumerate
afew.   When It was :fouridtifat" there
were a number, of'old. employees "in
Fernie who could not obtain einploy-
ment, -despite the-fact that riuirierbus;
new cbmer-jwer'e' put" on, the'Local
Uniony appointed" a deputation, to"^ interview Mrl'Wilson'and'see:If house
coal could be got for the old'workriien
at the rates specified iri the" agreement
for employees.   ' ,Mr. Wilson expressed sorrow that he could riot give-coal
at'the rates asked for, but he would
substantially head a subscription list
if they, cared to canvass subscriptions,
so as to enable these men to get coal."
Further, he stated to someone, in reply-
to a statement re the circuimstances'of
old .employees who are victimized, "If
there are any families indeed of food
or coal send them to me."    Does not
thlsn sound ridiculous seeing that he
has the power to alleviate any such
distress to, some,-.extent at least, be-
cause\were' he to,give the old employees, work there would be'no need
of his proferr^d charity to the families
of those In distress?'    Again,"we have
an. excellent"exhibition of charity* at
Christmastide'. 7 The children at Coal
Creek .were'given a' Christmas tree,
arid at the "f-ame time the fathers are
denied the right, or-privilege,- that has
been'enjoyed here,for some years, that
is' the,minimum wage.   ' To some this
man may appear a genial benefactor,
btu.jtome he seems a pure Pharisee;
Like many 'others    he   attends   his
church very.regularly,' arid appears to
be most devout on Sunday. '   But,- io
and heboid!- what a change, on Monday. ■   I, take It-'the teachings of the
New Testariient-'are' "too well known
for me to'have ,to, quote them here;*
suffice'.It;, to*', say'Wt -Mr." Wllsoir's
actions on week days are diameritrlcal-
ly'opposed* to his actions on Sundays.
We are.told he^gives'"lavishly.on Sunday; on Mondayhe denies a riian the
privilege of' working. • i One day he
gives a-child a,toy, the next day he
denies the parent his just rights.   We
are also told that he squares off a debt
in the proximity of $800 by giving a
banquet and*a speech.     Be It known
that 7 condi_tlons_^ln Jgerrilfi-at^present,
are
are all employed as' Checkweighmen
arid Local Secretary respectively-.--'else
I imagine, -from the tone of the remarks of the Company's officials,'ori
different occasions, they'would be-in
the, same , predicament * as those in
Bellevue and ottier parts'of the'District, i thinkvt'his.is sufficient for
this time, Mr.* Editor, but if Mr. Wilson-
happens to waste his time reading the
foregoing'and .would'care to reply to
same through' your" columns or. the
columns of The Times-roh, no, I mean
Free Press—then'I may be tempted
to come again:
Trusting'this ~may'be spared from
the Jaws'of the W. P. B. , - ■        ' 7
-I am, yours truly, y
"'   y' •' 7 :'■'•* '"'""" 0L"D TIMER.
PAGE THREE
SWORD EXERCISE
and from the.present,outlook",
even, worse than" they w-ere previous
to the agreement,,,let alone, being ten
per, cent "at least"' better off. Re officials' and employees', who took a
prominent part*-during the recent
strike, We have several employees
at work, but unlike Bellevue we have
our officials at work. , Luckily' the
company are unable to discriminate
against our Local Officers, as they
" The Standard Is pleased to find that
we reflected public "opinion with a
large degree of accuracy in our reco-.it
article,ori "Swords mil Savagery."
Tho Edmonton Capita! says:'
* "Swords are a relic of barbaric warfare useful in the" days of direct encounter. *•*, ben the t7o,of the field way
t.*n* man who hewed' off the most
ht,ad?', but entirely iite-ess in this ar,o
ttad generation , of "oulck-f 1'rers, avu-
tor's and automatic pistols. To mention th'enias part of the Qcco'ut*-ern*j»itn
>f Mui-' as It Is known today'is to .a-. •.«
The onlypurDose which a sword has
today is to designate-the wearer as a
ranking" offIceMn the'army. For this
purpose the sword riilght' as well be
of wood;-better, in fact, for it would
not,, cost so, much nor be as cumbersome to carry.*' For all practical purposes, a cheese knife would be eminently more useful.;'
.. "But aside from "this, the Hughes
proposition that' in'.'this Dominion of
,Canada; V country.'given- to pastoral
pursuits, and the triumphs of peace;,
the valuable time,and energy and industry and handicraftsmanship of a
body- of. Canadian .'mechanics who
might have all the necessary mechanical genius* 'to . make first-class plow
shares., or, to, put' the temper intq, a
cross-cut saw should,.waste their time
so uselessly, ■' as , in ** the making of
swords, - is , altogether too inane   for
consideration." • -'• i    '*
,,, .    ,  ^ -
The Grain Growers' Guide and other
independent papers are commenting in
soiriewhat similar strain. The Guide's
argument • Is ■ particularly good.. We
reproduce-the following:, ,"-■ , ■,
, "How long willtthe.so-called Christian arid civilized nations of the world
continue to settle'their differences by
the un-Chrlstian.*and cbarharous me-
lhods_of_war.?,iJ!,here-!s-no-more-rea-
sori' why nations" should decide the'.r
dispute's .with' torpedoes', and bombshells ,than why individuals '.should
fight out their'quarrels with revolver
shots arid stlilettbs.'. .Italy has a grievance, .real or imaginary, against Turkey and proceeds , to kill as many
Turks as> possible and to endeavor to
ti.ke possession of Tripoli. We call
that-war, But If a man has a dispute with'* his neighbor, and kills him
and,.seizes his property,"we-cill it
murder and theft. . There,ls no essen-
tiar' difference between the two acta.
War never decides a dispute according to the principles of-justice..   It
is the stronger nation that wins, and
the questions of which side is iri,tbe
right  - Is     altogether     disregarded
Thr'ough;war "strong nations oppreis
tho-sa that'are weak.   Civillzatin-i has
advanced!to a stage where individuals
are compelled to settle their .disputes
by a reference to courts whose object
it is to dispense justice to weak and
strong,alike,*and.we look forward to
the _ time when international disputes
will be settled in the same way.    Considerable, progress has been made in
this direction duririg the past century.
Many minor ^matters," such   as   \h*
definition of boundaries and the determining   of   fishing*   rights,   are now
settled ' by  international   arbitration,
and there ls a treaty, between   the
Argentine Republic and Chill, arid another pending between Great-Britain
and the United States, which, If adhered to will prevent wars, between
thoso nations.    The governments   of
the Argentine and .Chili   have   given
practical proof of their earnestness in
desiring   peace   by   reducing   their
armies, turning arsenals into training
schools, and converting some of their
warships into merchantmen, but Great
Britain and the United States, having
to protect themselves   against   other
nations, continue   to   increase   their
naval and military forces;     The   expenditure of the leading nations of the
world in armies and,navies    is   appalling.     In the.last ten years the
eight principal powers have spent over
$5,500,000,000 on their navies,   of  this
huge total nearly one-third has been
spent by Great -Britain.   ' Upon the
construction of new war vessels alone
$1,940,000,000 has been spent.   ' Every
man who is engaged in building and
manning warships is, withdrawn, from
productive, work, every dollar of this
vast expenditure has to be earned by
human labor that could be employed
in producing the necessaries of life.
Yet every year sees an increase In
these enormous expenditures, and if
the race for; supremacy continues at
th§ present,,rate the day will come
when,.half of the people will be working to, support the other half who tight
for them.    >,In this lies the hope of
peace.    "As the burden-, of militarism
bears imore  heavily upon the people
they9 will' realize more and more the
follyyand,barbarism of it'all, and some
day-the representatives of the   great
powers of the world will meet together
and-devise s^bine means whereby universal^ peace may be established and
the_Jebple_of_the_earth^may_HvA-Ririe
" Joint Accounts opened in the "names of. two '
or more- persons, each .having the right to withdraw,; or, deposit money over their, individual
name. In case of the demise of one of the par-
ties to a Joint Account the amount remaining
to the credit of the' account in the Home Bank *
may be withdrawn.by the others without re-
course to any process of law, or legal formality. '\
offict TORONTO
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.    «
209
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fernie Branch".
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets '.'.., 40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton ha3 made
saving simple—bysellminatin gall unnecessary Bank formality.
- An account .may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
-an amount will act as an Incentive to
steady saying and will "quickly grow
to a sum "worth while.    '-
J. R. LAWRIE
Agent
Head Office:
HAMILTON
by side in mutual; trust and amity."—
Daily Standard, Regina.
Printer's Ink     J
When used oh good preuet and
neatly, displayed type for your stationery ii valuable. We have, every
facility for doing the Iv-st bf job -work
and at o n-inunum \vw}<
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
PRESERVING LUMBER       ,
1
' " Is now occupying a great deal-'of '
attention.    It's a good thing.
V J*> t
FIRST-CLASS   LUMBER   "* '   '
'    ' . * o  ,      ■
, '. is getting so scarce that   sotrie
- dealers do not have any at-all."
-, We have plenty, however.   AVo'
make a speciality   of* handling
•   only* high-grade   stuff,   which,
wise, dealers will tell you,-' is-
, really the cheapest".     '
OFFICE and YARD,  McPHKRSON  AVE., OPP. a N.  DEPOT,   FERNIE
It's a Safe Betif You Rendit in this Paper
!^^^____}m___m_^_^Si
o;ra&!
u
«'/..l
:,&
-V
.•'.'i ••
. *n« *
,*"'
I) "
f.
Just Arrive^
All Next
Week
California "Sunkist" oranges have
ipened—3,000,000 of them! Shipped
by special fast express freight to your
local dealer's for the big week's sale.
Monday, this fancy fruit (all ol very first
low prices.   Thousands will take advantage
California prize oranges and to get the
Silverware.   You, Madam, will have an opportunity to provide your table with the most delicious, economical
and healthful fruit.   Thousands of men will urge their wives to buy
"Sunkist" oranges at the special low prices,   Thousands of dining
rooms will be tnriched.by the appearance of exquisite Rogers' Silver.
.)>
Insist on Genuine "Sunkist" Wrappers
Each golden "Sunkist" orange qomes in
a wrapper plainly marked,    The wrappers
besides being valuable:serve as an identification of the best oranges1 in the world.
Special Prices by ihe Dozen,
Half-Box or Box
They are in splendid condition and will
»u:ep well.   So thai you may buy in quantities,
Seedless "Sunkist" Oranges
Picked With Gloves
This delightful fruit is all picked, when ripe, with
Cloves! Each orange is perfect. Otherwise it would be
rejected and sold ag a "second"—not as a first-quality
"Snnkisr." "SunInst" nranpp*. an** the pnVi* frtiit nf
5,000 of thr best j-rovf* -in Cnlifornin. There nre mnny
grades of California oranges, but "Sunkist" is the very
choicest.   The others go under different names.
Seedless. Sound and Solid
Deliriously juicy—no seeds, firm, thin-skinned and perfect.,
lCrcby getting a better priCC.    Special! low prices   Flavored o» only tree-ripened oranccs can U
by the box or half-box; The wrappers from a
quantity will give you an immediate supply of the
luxurious silverware.
SALE BEGINS MONDAY
Thin-Slunned, Juicy
"Sunkist" Lemons
Ot the snme superb -jualiiy m tho orancea.
Economical because so thin-skinned nnd ciurci
juirj*    ihe wrappers nre or the same value as
Sunkist' orange wrappers. Recipe booklet
free upon request-
«llf
Choose From These Fourteen
ne i_2-i.ii ^ttk    This Fruit
Knife Yours
Made of special
tempered steel henv-.
ily silver-plated,same
high finality a* the
oilier "SunkiHt" lJre-
tniuins. Sent on re-
e«iut o( 2-1."Suiiktsi"
wrappers and 20c,
For e(ich additional
fruit knilr .mmid L-l
" Sunki.-it" wrappers
and Wc.
Silver Premiums
Get This Orange Spoon
At right is nliown
new "Sunkist" Orange
Spoon, actual size,
Genuine Rogers find ol
the latest style. Sont
you on receipt of \'i
"Sunkist" wrappers
and IL'c to help pny
chnrges, packing, etc,
I'Vir each add i tin mil
spoon send VI "Sunkist" wrappers and 12c.
Head carefully direc-
tionit ot right.
Send for full description, number of wrappers
and amount of cash nee*
essary to secure  eacb
**4 MWtb-
Tn4**4rt fbvtfMrM
California Fruit Growers1 Exchange,'1Mtt-'Toi^^N^8,r!i
"Sunkist"
Premiums
Table Knife   Table Fork
Dessert Spoon
Child's Knife
Bouillon Spoon
Coffee Spoon
Salad Pork
Oyster Fork
CMliN Tnrh
Orantfe Spoon
Fruit Knife    Teaspoon
Tablespoon   .
Batter Spreader
Hi
Head This
Carefully
On «ll remittance*- up
to 20 tents* pluatio solid
rnsli, on aninuntii nbovo
VO cent* we profer postal
note, money onlet. ex*
presi order or bank draft.
Make money order or
«1 rn f r pnyal-le to the
Cnlllornla Fnilt Grower*'
Eichunge, anil nd-lreu
your lett«»r*- to tlie <*Btl«
(ornia I'rutt (Irowen'
ii».\.!iAiihe, iiVi faux ,*)(,
RaU. cornti Cliurc)- Si .
Toronto Oni
Von cno «ecitre ihew
premium* with 'Sun-
ki^t" orftlf.re wTftOKieM
".Simki-ii" lemon ht«P'
pern, "Red Hall" OrilDK*
wrapper* or "Re«l Hall"
lemon wrap peri. Or
merely tend twdemarkf
cut (Mm wrapper-* l( you
will buy only "Sunkhl"
nnd Keil l*.,iii umngM
and lemon* ynu will (jet
:...;• <>t lUo r.uctt t*'.iag
quality, economic-illy
priced. and you will voon
baveenouRh wrapper! to
Hcur-4 a complete ut ol
tbe beaulilul table sltvct*
•ware.
-- "vl
i 1 ,.c~^-<l„
.-w*"-
"V -C
fcy-pyy: -l^t-'-h^tii
7*7- \
i -1*. ,
:'-'.- ■■-. .* 7 .
'vi *<** *,.*.-..-. . i  .-
PAGEFOU*
THE DIBTRJtOT LEDGES, FBfelTOjl,,R:O.VJA^AOT       ftM"
•--*-" '       *.   '7    ,„=■
'<",
1*
• ■ *   ■       -.   -   .    -     •-■' ,/■ w
*' Published every Saturday, morning at -itsvoffiM,
,.,)".*■   .--x    "...   .7  ...,.-  , y    '7;.rAy.-'.   -
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B7C7 Snbscription?$1.00
per year in advance.    An excellent: advertising
'■•   •-. ---.-.--„  "    .  ■■ * •'*,- - -
■ medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
rertising rates on application: Up-to-date facilities
. -     , *        * * ' -< c     >        .    . '
foi*-the execution of all' kinds; of book, .job and
1 * S '■ ,
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
. Address all communications'to The District Ledger.
1    ;' '   .  "' 7    H. P? NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No'. 48. >Postoffice Box No. 380
JUSTICE  DELAYED
THB law's delay is proverbial, but iii the instance
of   the Kruz Case it is becoming historical,
'and before long'may be termed ancient./ The proceedings^  in   this'   matter   started   some   four
years ago, and has run the gamut of the courts in
.this province.    It js now before tile Privy Council
'   of Great Britain, and .was set for final hearing in
February.     According to>'a cable," however, it has
now, once more, been postponed, and this time until
May.    In the meantime the widow of the man who
was killed jn a mine accident is living in Hungary,
together with her four.little-chldren eking out an
existence as best she. can; and there are many, others
' inia similar predicament.     That the.CrowVNest
Pass Coal Co. Ltd., the defendants'in this'case are
deserving, 'of/-the   severest   censure   and.:con-
demhation-in the attitude they have taken*, every
man will readily agree, although he may .-not- be-
in a position to openly declare and admit suck for
' fear of his position.  , To the working man in.this
province and Alberta the -compensation act, should
"the case fail, would become a negligible quantity.
The contention of the defendants is that a depend-
, ant of anyone who has a right to compensation must
.'not only reside in" this'country, but in. this very
'province.    Consequently the widow of a.miner who
- met accidental death, say at Crow's Nest Pass, and
.whose wife was "at that time residing ;a't Blairmore,
-a distance of five mlies away, would not be entitled
' to the benefits of the compensation act. „-,This seems
■ to be the very height of ludicrousness. ,,The object
" of the. act was and. should >be to safeguard'the-'der
'; pendants of an employee from'„wariti-   'What difference does it make where -they' reside ?    "Whether
 +V.r._™;/:i/MiTJtaT.rl_nrrdinn<:_re<"idf-iT'_t.hlS COUUtrV _OJti*0_
Europe they were dependent upon husband and
father for,the very neecessaries of life, and once
* that source of supply is prematurely- cui; off they
must he entitled to the benefits of the. act. 'Should
the Privy Council £ecide against] the, plaintiff, what
. a fine chance- foi discrimination there .would be
for the mine managers. Any one whose wife and
family were, with him would be refused , work,
whilst' those whose families were bn the other side, or
oven in the next province, would be received with
.open arms. ,        '     ' <
fortunately we read further on, in the article in
question, that ".A New York.business inan^was
looking'for a couple of. such'men* the other dayyand
could not find them. 'PLENTY of 'twos and threes;
';*",;        i       ,»«*■"'   -•- ,-.*-'-■-,,*: 'v; <i, '    "7"'*'..'-     *<"-
rbnt no tens.'.*-   ,, y"1    ,\-y   ■ * *-yy " ,   ,
How encouraging to think of the.business men
looking for* $10,000 men and-findirig-nojrush.'. -How
inspiring to know "there, are all kinds of men qualified to compete, with one another,over.such paltry
salaries as'.$2,000 and, $3,000. < How' pleasing it
must be to a mediocre "skilled machine operator
to know he has such'bjg prospects' before him;
Fancy business -men waiting.patiently for men to1
ask for,$10,000 a*year.* *' '."-,'_.,,.*   .'     - * '   '7
We hear much nowadays,of '.'social1''"labor, and,
how- the development of" industry has necessitated
the co-operation of men', in the producing of commodities/ ' A"'casual're'ading of the article referred
to would "suggest to the of dinary .individual,, having no iknowledge of economics, that the capitalist
was inclined to "deplore the fact that" men were not
forthcoming to whom they could pay'this; $10,000
they are so anxious to see go to deserving men.'".
, , Now,,it has been pointed out,to us that the men
required ^for these, positions are to" act" as super
visors and regulators of men, and are," therefore;
factors in production.'    Further on'in the article
we find that such meh are manufactured from hard
experiences in addition to education..    Therefore,
in order to gain their position they have to be der
pendent on* the labors of others,*'in addition to their
own individual work—i.e., these are the necessary
factors going to make, up their'' hard, experiences.''
Their education also depends on there being a class,
even though they be of that class themselves, pro-,
ducing sufficient'to'ensure the leisure,requisite to
acquire any';s'pecial knowledge necessary along:the
'particular Hne* of .work to. which their energies 0are
devoted.* 7In>'other words,'in order-to enable,any
individual, not directly engaged in the process of
production to*, have his needs satisfied -whilst not
so engaged, there must be others who are producing
his requirements of .food, shelter, clothing, education; etc. ' Such beingthe case" yt * is  sufficiently
clear that however egotistic he, the individual, may
be; arid whether .'he realizes' it or not; he is dependent on the various, grades pf skilled and unskilled
labor, the most' essential factors -behind ttie process of,the making of .'any-"high class ".supervisor.
We are all interdependent theone on the other, and
it is upon this basjs, that', all successful organization depends..1   The,socialization of labor is no'
myth, but ttie individualist -who wishes to be taken
seriously is one of the products of capitalism."  He
has not yet realized the submerging process through
which he must'pass.. /'He,is a joke and yet wishes
to,betaken seriously. - ...^7..  - y' ■  '   *
y These^$10.0QQ_men." we presume.' are in demand
in the Eastern* States'".' '""'Inordef to determine their
THE GERMAN ELECTIONS
Y
ESTERDAY was election, "day,'. in , Germany,
but the results will not bo known untfl sometime next week.;,' The Socialists in the last house
had 4 members, lnnVm'tho next assembly itioy will
bo, nearer the hundred mark. '• The number of
Socialist votes was 3,260,000 out of a total poll of
12,000,000. The.Clericals, or Centre, had 104 seats
for 2,145.000 votes. "Vlt is, therefore, oyident that
it was only through unfair, or perhaps unjust, distribution, that ttie Socialists wero >notf stronger in
tho Reichstag, as the .number of thoir adherents
■would call for. Tho principal points in tho Socialist platform aro: '      	
Democratization of the state; univorsaHuffrage,
male and female, from tho twentieth year; parliamentary government; establishment of a ministry
of labor; reform of tlio insuranco laws; abolition
of indirect taxation) progressivo incomo tax; opposition to fresh taxes for incroiiHO of tho army and
navy. " Theso aro lho main parts of the party "pn-
loro," . Tho chief arguments for thoir support aro
drawn from tho burdens imposed on tho country by
tlio finance reform law of hint year, with its
$125,000,000 now tuxes; tho Morocco policy, with Ub
-political dangers, and tlio over-rising cost of living.
If tho Socialists win heavily in tho forthcoming
elections llieir triumph will bo duo in largo mciiHuro,
to tho disgust of tho ovor-taxod Gormnn elector.
Tho Oorman mind has a peculiar gift for inventing
tax«s.     Tho municipal authorities    of   Munich
havo conceived tho idea, of "placing a tax on football
games.    Mnny towns in Germany havo for a long
timo levied a tax on amusements.    Sport has, indeed, a hard row to boo in Germany.     Ono can
hardly imagine 11 more effectivo wny of checking
. its progress than by placing taxes on such things
ns football.   Tho proletariat and bourgeois classes
nre becoming tirod of Gormnn autocracy. nriKto-
cracy and lorddem.   Thoy boo no salvation front
the many ov\\h Icsotting them except through -Socialism, and from all accounts mean to give it a
fair trial on this oc/eision.
THE SCARCITY OF $10,000 MEN
importance to society we will .take a mathematical
example1, to illustrate.-". Let" us be generous to the
working men "and-presume" the average wage paid
to :a- skilled machine man-m'New York is $5.00 "a
day, and, for simplicity's sake: they both'work 300
days a year. ■• The machine man will receive $1,500
a year, whilst the ''supervisor/' will receive more
,than" six' times that amount. Both are useful members tp society, and the latter.has in addition" had
the advantage of the expprience of this machiinst',
either,,directly or indirectly, 'enabling,him to obtain
the position he holds. * Does the manager or super-
visor create sufficient wealth'to cover this $10,000
or do the men whom he-is directing? If the'men
lire also a factor,"arid an'essential factor at that',*
■why such a glaring'difference'in remuneration for
servicos rendered,'''seeing that the result, of their
labors is, also essential to the making of a "high
class man.".' There mustbo one man for this position, so. that it.is 'impossible that'all theso men' can
hold it,, but/nevertheless,,they are indispensable
in tho modern' industrial machine, and what ,is,
thoir reward in comparison?' • "7
Aftor all, what does it, all mean?.' Simply that
no matter how largo a salary tho capitalist pays ho
must receive in return, either'from tho man ho' is
paying, or those ho is directing, a return greater
than his investment—surplus value. ', Therefore,
tho high salaried- superintendent must bo an export
oxploitor'for JJio benefit of his master, and ho is also
a.wago-slave, i.e.,* ho is dependent on the owners
of the moans of production for permission to apply
his ability, until this ability is applied ho docs not
receive his $10,000.
Tho call to tho ambitious young man is to bo a export exploiter of his fellow men, nnd build up profit
for his mnsters, nnd imagine ho ih "froo." Edu-
cno yourself for tho bonofit of tho profitmongor
or for lho wholo pooplo, which is tho moro worthy
object ?. This is a question for tho workors to
answor. '*
'■These |"
Oranges j:
..■■■.■-/■■■Havfe'jJ
Ripened if
on Hie Tree i!
ilimiW^
;'*'■'.^"Sunkist" Oranges are allowed to fully, mature on.
the treei    They gain" a'perfectly delicious "flavor;
utterly-lacking in many oranges that you have had
1 to put up ,*wlth In tbe past;.,- >,'*.*    ».«.
Each' orange when ripe, if perfect, Is carefully, pick-.
ed and packed by1 gloved hands. - Every."Sunkist'•»..
must be seedless, sweet and juipy, to earn its wrapper.
1 For the wrappers ldentlfy.tnis splendid fruit and are
\ valuable in obtaining Rogers' Silverware.. Your dealer
ill supply you with this- delicious; and healthful fruit.
Begin saving wrappers today.   Insist on them. '
Get This Beautiful Orange Spoon
Save 12 ■'Sunkist" orange or lemon wrappers,-
qr trademarks cut from wrappers; and send them
tous,wlthl2c v. tohelppaycharges.pack-
ing, etc., and;we will send this genuine Rogers* •
silver orange spoon. '
Fruit Knife for 24 Wrappers
1 and 20c." „ _. . Excellt-nt quality—genuine Rogers'
silver. In ron-ittlng, please send cash when amount
ii Iobs than.20c.; on amounts above 20a,'we prefer
postal note, money order, express order or bank draft.
,14 "Sunkist" Premiums 7
Send for full description, number of wrappers and amount
of cash necessary to secure each article.        __ _ • .'
y^-f^-rt SkN^-jIyi^ X__^___ ■*£"» ■*- -*> --
FERNIE
ofSlenogr
iiifll^pewfitift
y/4 c COMMENCING' MONDAYJV JANUARY^'stn^VA"^-.-.f'
*"7*
Tlie e«clc Block, Victoria Ave., Ferrile, B. C.
7'7-
-PRINCIPAL, VVM.8: PEARSON
V'<i-'"j;
' y-h
'.  A^Ce-aplete Course in Pltmaa's,Shorthand, and the Touck'System'o^
Typing, under "the direct Hnition" of .the "Prtaclpai: *  ' *7- - ,'./ { y •"
a.      ..-'I     -.„,-,.-}.-,-- -j yr-..   :  Tl«»l(«l*»€S,«''. •» --""■ V1*?. - 77'" 7 '   ?.   7 .   ."'-.•'"
j». -i-'v. , ,>,-,    *j¥*-. i _ ■ icriniii,'     vv.„**•* •,,    >■•   -\'*
'"DAY CLASS'(Continuous instruction^ throughout the day)--Slx Months'
Course, $S0,''>cafih In* advance; or'six "payments of .^10 per month' "> '■:-.
' .- j-    ' y-,*y^f-- .» ,*.. .',i-»\  v - i    *   ,"i        ,-., '•"-=; ■„,..*:
; '".EVENING CLASS (Specially-Instituted for^th«-:convenience" of -work: '
•Ing students)r-Three long lessons per Veek7?5*,pe5-nionth; fn'advance./,
';is;^;S''\ys:S^^ciai7Hours;''- y /:"•■*. y-y
s X I" - -"**'*"-., ,   - ^ -A -*1 \j .■'''*■*
.-- 8peclal Hours arranged to suit the.convenience of'evening students."
Rapid Process anil Efficiency Guaranteed
. : Special attention/devoted to backward pupils, and.a/necessary know-,
ledge of kindred subjects.imparted to,ensure sound >commercial i-efflcl-,-
encyi v For further particulars apply to W S Pearson, Publlo Stenographer. *
•?../--.-'•- . ■ ""Pib."box ias
■ w**.'- ■
.1 - j,* >.
11
-'*  ! .
Phone No. 20
"V
Desseri Spooa
Saltd Fork *
Fruit Knife •
Tcaipoou
mm
~y   '
/Table Knife ' Table Fork
, Bouillon Spaoa Coffee Spoon
,   Child's Fork Orange.Spoon
Child'* Knife Tablespoon
Butter Spreader Oyster Fork .,
, ,"      Economical "Sunkist" Lemons ,,
Thin-skinned, extra juicy, and each comes in a valu
- able "Sunkist" .wrapper.. .They contain more juice than
other lemons.  They cost no more and the wrappers are.
- valuable, i Recipe booklet FREE upon request.       ,  ^        (
California Fruit Growers' Exchange'    - -
'   IPS King Street. Beat, Corner Church Street. Toronto. Oat. (138) b£j,S£5
I'.P
PLENTY OF GOOD HONEST DOLLARS, IN.
FORT FitASER
,     .- '-' ..       , 7, *■'    '.' •       • *     -     .
A TOWNSITE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL APPEALING TO
THE COMMON SENSE,, BUSINESS FORESIGHT AND
,    SOUND REASONING OF THE PEOPLE
** ', '.--I    ** .       y*        •--.,.*','■-
ORT* FRASER is" situateii at. the confluence" of the
, ."Upper and Lower Nechaco. Rivers, in the interior'of ' -
-British-Columbia, Canada's.richest province;.  It is a sup-  -*
>"'. ' erb city location, is being improved with "streets, buildings,   '
,\   etc!, lies adjacent Fraser'L'ake—a beautyspot arid, water-   .
power s^urcer-and in,the very heart bf;the BuMey,'and* ",.
Nechac'o'-Valleys, rich agricultural and stock-raising areas." . '
:\ .Goyefniiierit'reports highly'recommend this section of Brit- - ..
/   ish Columbia to settlers', and* as a'result it-is being quickly, '7*
"yrtaKeirupT^Fort"Fra^^^
" ■"" T'the .Grand' Trunk Pacific Railway; has water communica- .
-   tion'witH neighboring towns'.     In a' word,, it, is J'a most' --
"" promising/prospect for the inyesto'ri, arid strong men o^"
7'cleai' reputation are behind it/- ! The '.British Coluiribia ;.".
v'7., Government lias made'nurnerohs   reservations,, in* .Fort -  v.
'„ 'Fraser.; :-'No flare of trumpets or elaborate' 'a'rgupa'ent,Jis,i
*'' " required to impress the possibilities of this riew"to\vn upon
■"the'mind of the intelligent observer.'  'Many'.precedents', 7
- , • have been established in the Canadian ^Yest to strengthen;
*•;'; its-claims.", • ' '"'"'■, ""'    i    •    ■,'... ,*; '-
"," \  PRINTED   DATA,   MAPS   and - PLANS'furnished'""
S1 ' " romptly/bn' request, all duly registered and protected,
[ovemmerit"reservations marked-in red. 7        ■ -v', ..-
INSIDE'LOTS, 33 x 120 .... ;i V... , $150 , y\
, ' CORNER LOTS, 33 x 120 . v; / , $200    ,
'   Exceping Double Corners on two principal streets, which
-; ,are quoted at $350.     ' "; .  .    ;, 7.7.    ,   '  ,
/    /: '    * EASIEST OF. TERMS ;
, -    The title to Fort Fraser property is'indefeasible and is'
, guaranteed by tho Government of British Columbia.   "The •''
. .• deeds are,depositod in trust with',   "      y..,   ,;,,/. " ■
Dominion Stock & Bond Corporation, Limited
;": ;:    "  !7'/' '" VANCOUVER/B..0.//;7,,,'...;, -    '.''.
■> ■ ■ ■ CAPITAL .;:;.'.'.'..'. J... $2,000,000.00
References:    Bradstreot's, Duh'e, Imperial Bank o£ .
' '•   '    ' *" *-'    •••,-': Canada.   '.;   '• "'      ' ,.  ,,'
M. A. KAST^ER, Agent,,Fernie
cMisTjms ^
i"'.      ,  *J>t    ' •* \^*
Greetings
y<i
To     r.V
TWe desire to take this opportunity /
to wish'our many customers and^
friends a^ very Merry Christmas
and to return our hearty thanks \,
for the liberal'patronage extended
'>   to us during the year... : 7   . .
; ' I"'-     ',-...\-7  ,7   •    7'    '  '7-:-  "      tS    -
•     ' './     ,     .-/■'••' ■■;.-** **7   * Vril.  -.'    .     /'-,     •
K\y - " "isf'DyQUAILy^\y*y •.;
^Hardware1   i y  *■;//' J^^^f/^?5J-;,
.-All,
l'-.-r
&EyLmNs
v,uf.;',.' 'i.'* v
*.*• y,,£,';-;k7v.
-*,. -*.
Insurailce,
"A-.,
. :i,..i.
and Loans
Money to -Loan,on first class Blisi-
'.. y ...,'*   ,   . 7- -..   i>..*v<*"* - ,'i.-f"*'"*'" -1 .V*.
ne^sand Residential property /
-Cl-   111
<y ■.!.-
GKORQK W. PERKINS, pcrlmps ono of tlio best
iiuUioriticH on finance, nn<\ tho right-nnnd
mnn «f >T, Picrpntil Mor-*»nn, is oroditftd with Anting that owing to the rapid devclop-nonl of indiis-
try there i« now a shortage of $10,000 mon. Wo
presume this signifies sfslO.000 per annum.
"The nrt of tho $10,000 man h to mipcrviHO, re-
gtthte ttml w>ritr/)1 tht* netior»« of iiimi." Whnt nn
alluring proHpcct for ambitioux young »n«n, but un-
In nn nrticlo clipped from tlio capitalist press'
dealing with n contentious queHtion with regard to
tho doctrines of Socialism we find tho following:
"I wns fortunate enough to meet with a vory intelligent Socialist--it would h'nvdly ho posmiblo to
meet with a non-intelligent; one." ' Of courso, in
this district wo havo a different brand of Socialism
to whnt thoy havo in Kuropo (I) hut tlio unconvincing wny in which our critic arrivo at Ins conclusion
clearly s1u>wh their lack of lcaowledgo ns to whnt
is meant by the torm Socialisi-i. *\* rioon ns it is
pnin-crt out thnt they have not sufficient instyM,
into tho principles ot feocislium iheir ,rMihfiiiiiig
vents itself in declaring that Socialists Iny claim to
having all "knowledge The humor of it is that
those who talk in this way prido themselves on be-
ing intelligent and ridicule tlio den of tho workors
ever being sufficiently wise to look nftor their own
interests.
TO  THB  ELECTORS  OP  FERNIE
Ladies and Gontloraon,-. <-
Permit me to express my heaviest thanks to you for,,,
placing mo at tho head of tho poll at tho rocont elections
I Heartily appreciate tho confidence reposed in mo and will
endeavor to conduct tho affairs of tho city in a mannor
worthy of that trust, To thoso who workod so arduously
in my behalf I fool especially indebted.
Your Obedient Sorvant,
A, W. BLEASDELL
TCiE 7GANMMAN BANK?
OF COMMENCE
8IR EDMUND WALKER, O.V.O.; LLD., D.O.L, FBeWDlllT       .
ALEXANDER LAIRD, OtlJsMAl. MANAOJW '
CAPITAL, - $10,000.000,7 7    , JREST, -   $8,000,000
DRAFTS ON- FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Every branch «f Tte CmmmUm Bank *t CwMMrea U esjulp-wst U* Inua dnrJU m
Niwir
BouiM*
jjgfeit-mpm*        jg-   .     ,|ga *****
,u-irte4lMMtwy
Uhssb       Mm4
MNM
yTCwM* China KiSa
Brull,
BulcirU
- 0S1 oi»wi*y."~T    ~ H1—
Cbint OwrtHrtou-ft        MwIm
The amount of Uieae draft! U ilated in tb*
able 1 that is titer Are drawn 7        '
UeU, roublei, etc, m the cue may
receive the actual amount Intended,
FERNIE  BRANCH
SaaSm
BiraiM).
• ItUissj   SwmIm.
JtiUdStattt
Unigsay    ,    .
WtAIMlM.ate,
itated in tbe Mmey ef tbe country where they ore pay-
iu aterUor, tnaat, euurka, lire, Tkronen, Rorini, yen,
le may be,  TaU enouree that the payee abroad will
payee
L, A, 8, DACK, Manager,
Whilst no definite official announcement has as
yet been rondo ns to the successor tn Judge Wilson,
wc understand thnt Mr. Geo. TT. Thompson will,
enrly noxt month, assume the duties resigned by
Mr. 1\ B. Wilson.
, TO  THE, ELECTORS  OF  FERNIE
Ladies and Gentlemen,— _      **
I take this opportunity of thanking you most sincerely
fa* juur'giscrcM support at Thvircdn-y■« etcctiot*. DuHr-j
my Urn ol office I jM do my titwost for the benefit of
tho city, and will,work for tho fulfilment of my platform
pledges,       .      „   ,    ' ,. i
Bincoroly yours,
,      W, M. DIOKEN
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Subscribed ..      8,000,000     Capital Paid Up    6,006,000 ,
Reserve Fund        6,006,000      Total Assets     72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, Preildent HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vloe.Prss.
BRANCHES  IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamleope, Michel^ Moyle, Nelson,
Revelatol<e, Vanoouver and Vlotorla.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT      ■
Interest allowed on deposits at ourrent rate from date of deposit.
„._,,,,,- mmmi<*M* '   '      ' flFrt. I. ft. PIFI.I , Mnnnn
M(iniK*i»r
fl
DEATH SENTENCE ON. BAPTIST MINISTER
HOSTON, Mnjw., Jan. O.—With the nppenrnnco
of a man who had abandoned all hopo of lifo, Kov.
t;iaronco V. T. Hichesim stood today at tho lmr oi!
jtistico, declared his guilt of the premeditated mur-
of his former awcothcart, Avis Linnell, and heard,
without ft tromour, tho words of Judgo
Sand«irson llmt condemned him to death in the electric nhn-r in the we«k beginning llivy 13.
r. -, I-
| j.        ^ |J||   ymmt Mjkwm   |       |   f^f (gji   £lf|M'*i9k   I
And Nothing but tha Bott In Froth
and   8mok«d   Moatt,   Fresh   and w
Smoked Flih, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Ete. Bte.', ko to
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
n
"i,
/■
\
Al
I F
* .V[v <f-v
^V1"**?' "***£ ,^!'»:i,*'H ^,^-t k*; *s*.
Vjt :
■3S-J
^'"^i'V e*^*ȣ* 1
"*.\
-j .
• r-
f.t--'"
f
■ **
i
"*!
lit'
IV
THB, DIOTBICT.; LEDC1S; F1SNIE,
'\7~*7'v 'Sy.ySy y; 7S\y^y ■.£%<* ,7 y-.-.- •*, 7y;^7.y}s-y'*' 7yr>:.,7*^Vy^7y.
3 -,'.'..„ ■BK -. Q9B9 ''"*'■.■'., 7       --*.-        V ^e*i^k'-       *' *—^—^-Li-"i.--«'->Jfcjr'frjrn. ^...
b, c, jAyuABX as, 1912.
""■ ' ' * *''"' *" i" '*■■
S,    **-
PAGE FIVE
W^MMM^yw.^
*»»»¥¥¥¥•¥¥»»¥*¥¥»»»»
,t'
Dr<
\h  -'
•i'-j
i*'" *.
¥:7
* '
■i-
«•  '
*"*"*■ -
ff-.i '■■
lf!;'''
* - .
(i *■
'.\*
I
'.yFRESH^XlpK.U-
" \; deUverecH'■* to vail • "
-'yr parts • of; the., town t
Sanders & : Verhaestv Brothere'.'
*'     " .", Proprietors 7
i
WW;
Aerent
BARTON  ,
"• '---yj
Branch   ""*
Fernie
Pellatt    Aye.    Korth
KINGS  HOTEL
1|?7:;
I ,-*• •, -'
...A 1
tt* .<
Bar supplied .with the best Wines,
/    -    Liquors aiid-Cigars   ***
'DINING ROOM. IN CONNECTION
*W. MILLS, ,  -     '-   -..   " ■" Prop
Hotel
■ W.H.Murr
Prop.
"•v.
tf
i**.;
'I
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every -
attention
THOS, DUNCAN    Passburg
\
iijf-v
F E R NIE
Cigar Store
Lunch
Counter
..Ml/. .. /       ..--.j.
Is Now Opened
I I ^ I II • IDHMMMaiMMHIW | MM* III  -(
Clean,, Cosy anil very
...    , Inviting,
Just the place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong1
Proprietor
v.*
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosnhono|f»M?f*,*T'fTMrvi»in!h«bodr
L"».r"J.'.*"lti> ill proper 'nilon i ttttotn
vim and vi'tllty. I'rimitiira d»e»y and all lexual
wukaais averted at once,   r hot phono).
hstpUonol v-tli
make you a new man., Price J!) a poie,.or Jwo i>i
u.  Mallear any addreee.
Co,,**. catMrin**, Onl,
War Hah at Bl-»«»rf«ll'*i  Drug 9t»ra
♦ ♦-♦;♦♦'♦♦♦ ■++■ ,♦"♦ •+>
■ B6|hdt- Coal'Creek, oh'■ Thursda*^
,Jan. "iih'.toyirr,'and J5Ira7."WMi*am
Atherton;' a" daugb'ter.'■ , ^S .'S-S'Sy
?uMrs.^ T. .Flemmihg^returned.home
from'the Hospital last Saturday," and
is'still in a very weak'state'of health.
•*Mr." Dave Martin returned home from
Ohio lasfjSundayfevening..-  -'y?  '.
- Mr^and Mrs.'Wm? fillips* left."here
last week-* for Bankhead, where they
lntend7inaklh"g their home... .William
win "bo.baldly missed in.the Methodist
Church up' here, as he has been choir
master nearly all the timo ho lived up
here.'--"-     ''77777 7 7«* 77; _ -■■■
Mr. Ed. Couglln and Joe Pholix went
down to Michel last Saturday and returned'with' six more'-horses for the
mines up here.   Joe _found "it, pretty
rough breaking the road from Michel
to."sparwobd. .-""'.'.':-...,./'"    . 7 . .......
■ :The\ mines'were; all .idle up* here on
Tuesday -wing * to.. shortage of - cars,-
and.No.l North and No. 5 were off" on
"Wednesday,' owing to the., roads been
blocked with the snow storm.
,', Mr. Evan^ Evans, Mine Inspectbri is'
making his uSual^ visit to the mines
up'here thls'-'Weekv- V-V"1 .-,
"!-Joe*MaddIsonwand' tWm, • Harrison
paid a short visit.tb Hosmer on Monday -last, y ->. v..,--'-...    ,     "i  '   '
* TheAscliooIsr started; tip- again last
Monday,-,but,owing to the.severity of
the weather the attendance has not
been very largo this week7 ,7' ';
* The Male Voice Party has not all
left Coal Creek, and a'start was made,'
on Thursday night'.to-practice; ..this
means another grand concert-in the,
near future.       ,77". -  * ;
The Ladles'' Aid-'of the' Methodist
Church met atthe home of Mrs Shanks
to receive reports of the." committee in'
charge, bf the children's entertainment.
Everything was found to be satisfac'-'
tory.'* -/It wast-decidedtb meet again
at the same place the following month.-'
A girl's club,.has.been formed by:
Mrs.-Stevenson, the.flrst meeting be-"
ing held Friday, afternoon of last week
for organization purposes.. 7; About 25
girls were"present,1 and* thing's^were
got into splendid working order'.,'7 It
was "decided' >,to\hbld*'thVimeetings
every Thursday evening from seven till
"'"<•*'*and: to- study'^he'.'ni'rtlniflntp^n'f
music .under'Mrs. Stevenson's'.supervision, also tbtake a course in" sewing
under^the-idirection -of *Miss*-MiohelI.:
^racticb'Kwas.bejgun,'on the tire drill
«tod tho^trlshai their'first'lesBon in'
-music."- wThe officers are: Honorary^
President, Mr. Stevinsoh; '- Presidents-
Mrs.'' Stevliison; Secretary, Miss Addle
Jones;-, * Treasurer,'"'■'•Mrs.'--, Stevlnson;'-
•Directress of Sewing, Miss "Michell;
Reception .Committee: Mary -Dulstra*'
Jessie„Bunch,,Margaret Shanks, Bella
Davidson, Nellie;Wilson, Edith Joyce,"
Marjorie Michell. " ■;
♦ ♦.♦ *> ♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦ '+
♦-/' ::.-.-.♦
♦ '     '" HILLCRE8T NOTE8      7 ^
♦ ;   .V By,('Concertina Joe."   "'' ♦
'♦^':'7. *7-y:y ? •: >
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦*
"Mr,"E.' Strattbn" hns,','declared hI*B"jn-'
tentlon of establishing a night, school
for the benefit of' ,the foreign' speak-
ing men of Hillcrest. ' Piit your, in-
tontions Into practiqo. Thou' tiro learning to spoar flne,%o. ' •
," Roland Archer paid a visit hero last
week-end and/is' looking hale and
hearty.' -'''-'    " ■•'
Donajd- Cameron left Sunday, night
for tho Yellowhoad PasB, Quito a
number of the boys will miss him.
-MIbs'vL: A. Taylor returned homo
from tho' Statos aftor' an absence of
a y<ror,,and is ub pleasant as over. ,
Tho otork ,vlsltod'tho 'hoiBG of W,
Eyim with an olovbn pound girl. Both
mothor and child afo doing woll.
Toddy Clough 'lias boon 111" and un-
ablo to dish tho beverage to tho boys.
Lfitost report statos lie Is getting better and will soon bo around again,
Mr.'Oiias. MoAbIcoII, of .tho offlco
staff, loft for Mlchol, whoro lie secured
a position with: Trltos-Wood Co,
Tho following was hoard ropoalod
on our Btreots!
Mam PJoaso, Mr, Doss, you no
Blvo ono Job my brother.'   ,,'
Boss; No; what I want Is coaldlg-
BorB—sood all-round minors.
Man: Ho good conldlggor, suro; ho
no Flro Bosb,
Boss; Toll hlra to start to-morrow
morning.
Mnn: All right, mo toll him, suro;
you Mr, Boss good, you savvy all
right.
Tho 0 mlno Is working Jitoady now,
and ovorybody Is busy. Tho dlnkoy
Is going llko n flying mnnhlnn. bounn-
Ing tho long trips of blaok nuggets,
whloh mado, Hillorost famous, to tho
tipple as fast i-s.ovbr, Tho construction work Is going ahead In leaps and
bounds, in splto of tho cold weather,
and by next summer Hillorost will
■fiitvo one of tho finest plants In Can-
spending every,-e^ffOTt.^ an-
i^eaUmine for* safety7andrprpductivc^{
ness.'     Soi'far,*.success .-i&fcrpwning
tbeir.,efforts/7.which ^ill .jspea^'for 7It-"7
self ^in* a,short "ilmfe,^^--^mAmake.
sbmei'bf, those coal ;cbm^aai*es7-tar the
district' sit'backhand-wonder -jealously.
" The men also are weif satisf led*.with
the waythemariagementihaVe carried
out the.spirit of the;agreement' on "resumption 1 of dperatlbns .Rafter .7'the
strike, as they.-.have' not-, dis'e'riminat-'
ed against anyjof the old'hands.*. These:
things go a long way" towards'making
the'property, bring fair" return's for the"
capital which.has been Invested here;
as bad and unfair treatment will cause
discontent'and poor class of :miners,
which-wlll consequentIy"result in ruin-
ing the best mines...,    -y      ,   .,*'
": We..are glad „,to   see - our , friend
Tommy.sinlth>around again.'. " 'Nothing doing':in the  matrimonial  busi-
ness7Toinmy?-    Mr.. Right hasJnot
arrived-.yet;-he is due 'on'the Crow's
Nest,Pass Electric Railway.   7    -
7re*P, Y5flr.'b°ys; look out-for the
Merry.,"Widows;-.youvmay be'"taken
by surpriseya few silk dresses to buy
I .notice one. of the"; boys, have heait
.-Lriyo' me'and-'the world.Is
y¥*y»»y¥¥v»^t»»i|-Vt/VVi>vvv,v^¥y^
trouble.-
mine! -».
HOSMER NOTES
•♦♦.
--'On Thuifsday. 'morning a" terrible"
smash up of cars .occurred, a coupling
breaking and'allowing six cars* to run
down, the incline-from, a level, crashing into 24','others^and'throwing.some
of them; oyer' the side of'xthe. trestle,
and smashing'- all. -^ r,-.The rope. rider
saw- the ..cars start-^and jumped in
time.to,save himself.-.;.-. -A. .
; "Mr. Alex. Miller is laid up for the
last,few days by'• ha'vingrhis ankle
struck,by, a cable that-snapped at B
Level.   *'■'•    * .** ,*'" ,,'     ',-.   [* ■•
-,.-,,.-■ .    ~>.        .
Born', to Mr-and Mrs: John Sweddinr
on Sunday, January' 7th, a son.-
""£0      '      ti l.  ■*■ *     *■ * wl
.Mr. Lover"- has", tbeeh•', appointed
weighman at the*tipple-in the place
of Mr. I'rank'Newton; who has gone
Into the office in place of Mr.; Wright,
the-IatterYhaving^bTai^d^T^sition
at the coast     ' ..'"""' y    - *
-; The members -'of the ."Hosmer Literary and Social'Club held a meeting
in the Odd Fellows''ttan on Wednesday night to .;#i8cuss^the.""subje'ct of
the banquet arid -concert to be given
on the -25th—Burn's,Night". Th.e meeting, owing to the' severely "cold-weather
was. not so well attended as • usual,
but the debate, "Should "Canada Have
Navy?" "was very' Interesting. Mr:
Kendall, with Miss Kelly on the negative;, while Mr. Wallace-and 'Mrs.'
Campbell. *were on the affirmative.
The latter scored most points', and
winning but by a Vote 2 to 1. "Mr";
Dunbar made a very able criticism in
Wb speech as chairman.   .-"      ■   ■
♦ ♦ ♦"♦ >' ♦♦♦,♦♦'♦•'♦
♦'
,♦ LETHBRIDGE •      -e>
*♦ 7 ".,'-■..' ■   •   ♦
:♦ ♦ ♦ :v ♦'♦ ♦•♦ w ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
PROTEST AQAIN8T BENTLEY'8
'•'   --'MINIMUM  WAGE
"' At the regular meeting of Local 574'
tho roport'Of,Mr.,H. Bentley, indopen-
dont chairman of tho arbitration board
which met iit .Lcthbrldgo, recently to
finally dooldo isoveral clauses that had
not boon agrood upon when signing
.the agreement on Novombor 17th, was
road, Thoro is ono particular olauso
which vltnlly affects all working mon
ln this District, namely, tho minimum
rnto. A resolution to this offoct was
passed; , >.    , ',
•'Whereas tlio minimum rnto wns l}3
prior to the strike, and Dr. Qordon-u
award covered,all company men un-'
derground with a ton por cont incroaso,
by tho said Indoporidont Chairman in-
sorting snmo old rate wo horeby pro-
tost and think It is" ngross injustice
and Insult to tho Intolllgonco of the
working mon of tills District."
, Tho sovoro weather Is now beginning, to Intorforo with work at tho
mines, causing a shortngo ot box cars,
On Wednesday No. 3 Mlno, both fore'
and baok shifts, woro laid off, and to-
dny,, (Thursday) both No. 8 and 0 are
laid off, but thoy aro going to run
UiIb afternon. Otherwise things aro
going fairly smoothly, only In ono section of No. 0 Mlno tlio'men complain
of shortage of cars,, but this is owing
to llio hoavy mill for Wwi- Th/»
company aro Installing an • up-to-dntr*
haulago plant which Is almost complete, and which it is believed will bo
In operation In course of a week or
bo. Whon ia full working ordor.lt
will fnollltato matters and will nlhnln-
nto this grlornnco.
♦ ♦' ♦^* ♦.<£♦' ♦^;**>
"«-".'-:■   ^CCrDENT^AT7?c6RBiN "'• -7ii.
K-J^y-^:^;*-'''?   J
•' •A^mlner.by.the name ofrMlke' Fan-
ace ' met' with ah' accident '.ori , Friday,
last- ^A'plecerof'coardropped on him
breaking 'several of. his'ribs.' * According to latest-reports'he is progressing
as well as can be expected under the
circumstances.-   ^The •"Corbln" mines
have been rather free'from accidentB
in the,past,' and we hope they will
continue so In the, future.-*'        -
- We are -without a 'building to hold
our Union,meetings in.   This kind of
treatment does not help to create that
good  feeling; between  the, workmen
and, their * employers' that we' sometimes'read'about." ;:. ,..*,.
-.' A labor-leader In England, while addressing a .meeting,";.said "that a' nonunion man that enjoyed the privileges
and conditions that had been brought
about%y the union   and then'refused
to contribute his share towards m'ain-
talnihg..the Union, .was'like a man that
would steal flowers from'a-gravo and
take them to a flower show, and win a
first prize.'*"     /"*■' !";"'7.''-• .,. '     '
'Whilst-the ages of-men are" seven,
the malden'^e'-afe'told by one writer
can only boast. three.*      '*.'
/,*":'"The Three.Ages of Women     [ *
>-At sweet; steteen'^e'.maMen-'fair,'
] ■'"- "With* many Rovers ibusy,: *' *"'"  "   '
y Will lift" her "nose up in the air,
And-ja'sk with quite an haughty
'"7'stare:"" "r""*''   '" ^J '•   '
,-."   "Who,is.he? -Oh, what is he?" **'
At"twenty:fiveV she'.ia more sub;
yy ,idued..;.;.-,',y>v * ..',
' With* sweethea.<-ts\riot]so busy;
, Still, "doubtful"", "men must not in-
' -.' ■   . ; trude-7;''.    " ,.'•.
-"Who is he?.7Oh;*.'what is .he?"    •'
•But aV^tberage of.'thirty-flye,  '    -'
. With'hope'deferred quite dizzy, T„
, She works on'quite a different-plan*"
And cries, when hearing of a man:
"Where is he? yOh, where Is/he?"
■ Maidens in' stage-one and two had
better seize time '-b*/ ^the   forelock,
whilst .those ."who;'have found themselves in stage .three, have the-consb:
lation "that'next-February has 29 days;"
~ George Gregory and his sister/'Miss"
—'-y—^ -.V.»«3e,w* J,-^w*..^AWlCllci^ Yf\SLV~ YiHIL-
ing,friends here during the week. "
. "We3aire -pleased to state that T.'p7
has • come..to reside .here." Michel's
loss-.7.WI11-. be_Corbta;s' gain. T. P.
says,, he- oelieves huhaving, a: jovial
time, .and'.'Intends taking In. all the
little .social events during, the winter
season.1, r     "< ,
,; Some people find , their source of
happiness in trying to -make, others,
i'..miserable; like the stately adjutant, bird of. India they take a grave
and downcast look at all the pleasures
of,life,,as if contlnu'allyrengaged in a
.disappointed'search t* for , five cent
pieces along life's pathway. ,   ,
Miss Alice Parsons, of Michel, was
here., this week visiting her. father
and'"Blsfer.' ■ •'
' A large cage has arrived horo and
has' been' Installed ln our government
building for the reception bf ony working man that disobeys.the law.
■duties to the best,of his abilities. He
thanked' all who had subscribed or
.ppbken "for their kindness towards him,*
and said that* wherever he went there'
•would always be a warm corner in his
heart'for .the, people of Beaver Creek.-
, The rest of the evening .was spent in
songs, which .were ably rendered by
the.*. Chairman, Mr. Hawes'* Mr. , H.
Prior and others, while -recitations
were given-by -Mr.- J..Loughran." Selections on the violin and flute'by John
Crawford and D. Lomond brought a
very enjoyable evening to a close.
"Our Letter Box"
Km?°.ni8.tflct.Lc<1Ser Acccpte no respond-
Dlllty for tho views oxprebhcd by its corros-
pondents. Communications will bo inserted
whether signed by the rcnl nam© of-the
writer or a nom do plumo, but tho writer's
SS-S8 and nAdr*0SS InURt b0 fflven to the
■11-F2* jyidpnee of good faitli. In no case
will it bo divulged without consent,        ,   •
,*♦'♦♦-♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ .    .7 -•♦'
♦ BEAVER CREEK ♦
♦. -.-:.- .,..,♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦^^^
,, On .Monday evening, the 8th inst,,
a" large', and -representative gathering
of tho Western Coal-and Coko-Company's bfflolnls and workmon mot at
Ballontyno's Dining Rooms for tho pur-
peso of making a prosontatlon tb Mr.
Simon H. McDonald, mastor mochanlc,
who Is sbvoflng his connection with
tho above company, he hnvlng accepted n similar, position with tho Elk
Lnko  Dovolopment  Co.,  Ont.
Mr. T. W. Moody, lato of Mlohol,
occuplod tho chair, nnd In malting tho
presentation, which consisted of a
vnlunblo dressing case and. moorcham
plpo,. referred to tho rospoct In which
Mr. McDonald was hold by nil who
know nlm, nnd to tho gonoral rogrot
expressed by his follow employees at
his leaving tho camp. "However,"
remarked tho gonial chnlrmnn, "It ls a
consolation to know that ho is going
to a bettor position, nnd Although,wo
would prefer keeping him hero, yet1
what Ib our loss will bo another camp's
gain,"
Messrs Hawes, C. K. W. Hamilton,
pit boss, Donald MoMlllan and D Mulr,
flro bosses, T. Lowery, J. Loughran,
and others spoke of tho genuine qualities of the rfldplont, whose business
tact nnd straightforward dealings 'Ivon
1110 aamirauon ot nil with whom ho
■Ciiiitil lulu coul&cl,
Mr. McDonald, In replying, declared
that tho klndnrsu of those present
had completely unnerved him, IIo
know of no good reason why audi
him, os ho only tried to <tarry out his
NOTICE TO MINE WORKERS
Men are urged to stay away from Eastern British
Columbia and Alberta. There are hundreds who have
not yet commenced work since the strike settlement.
i
.". Corbin,-B.,,C, Jan. 10th, 1912.
To .the Editor, District Ledger:  "     '
„Dear Sir,—In the "iast Issue of the
District' Ledger I notice' a letter signed., "Bluebell," stating that the Local
Union officials at Bellevue, were refused work after the' strike had ended.
He suggests that if there are men in
any other camps that have the same
kind of trouble,-they should, make it
public.. ', Well,'.*I wish to say, that*we
have "been treated In "a similar manner
at Corbin. The secretary of our union was' notified', by the management
that he and nine other, members would
not be employed by the coal company
agalp, and at the request of the secretary they furnished him with a list of
the name3 of the men they had decided to .discriminate against. These
men and not done anything to deserve
this kind of* treatment, only that they
had.refused"to break away from the
Local Union, and go to work during
the.',strike at the request of the management. . I am-informed that the operators at the time of the peace negotiations assured - our "representatives
that they-would use good judgment
and led them, to believe that there
would.be nondiscrimination. Of course
the. treatment.. they are meting out
to us does not surprise me'in the
least.. There is.nothing unusual about
it. r JPast .experience has taught_me
change and special numbers at. this
season of the year few can compare"
so favorably as'the Vernon News. The
Vernon *News is at."'all times "replete'
with live news,'but in addition.to" this
their holiday edition contains a special
colored supplement comprising Christmas stories' ana articles of real and
generaf interest'.*' .'.'•.*.
Another special number that has
come to hand is ' the Nelson , Daily.
News, which; was published last Monday. It contains some 7 beautiful
photographs of interest in the district
printed on special art paper. In addition : to this It gives a descriptive account ot the,industries and'farming of
the Koptenay, district, every line of
Its forty well got up and beautifully
printed pages being of interest.
congressman victor berger      Meal Tickets, $6.00
" Of Milwaukee, Winsconsin, recently
declared that at this.session of congress he will Introduce a bill giving
women in the United States the right
of'suffrage. His measure," he said,
will be backed with a petition bearing
one million signatures from all over
th'e'United States. Berger also said
that he intended to introduce-a bill
to give, work to all the unemployed.
Watdor j
Hotel y
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold, Water ,
Electric Lighted *
•Steam Heated.
■•''   'Phone in every room.  ,
Sample Rooms oh Main
Business Street.
that,ft doe?,riot matter how generous
a coal operator may be In private lifer
you-'can not take1 his word In a matter
of an ^agreement,'.'unless you have it
in^writlng. ■ They.are like the lawyers,
theyf try^to - .make a good case look
bad, or,a' bad base'*look good,' whichever suitstheir purpose.' _Even when
we have* their word in "writing 'the'
Local Unions' have to employ grievance committees to secure for the men
that which they are justly entitled
to according fo the agreement. The
struggle that we have passed through
should teach us that the methods used-
by our organization nre obsolete, and
that we. will have to adopt some new
line of-action in .the future to secure
our rights. .* I bollovo that the majority of the men In this'District at
the present timo fully realize that a
Local or District strlko does very little
to Improve conditions; In fact, this
Inst proves It. I understand tho operators have refused to employ certain men In other camps, so you can
soo It has been a pre-arranged* nffnir.
I am informod that tho operators think
thoy are thUB getting rid of tho Socialist clement, but I can assure thorn that
Ihey themselves have mndo Quito a
numbor of Socialists during tho last
strike, and thoy hnvo helped us to
roallzo our position so that wo are
aware that wo shall novcr get any
lasting redress until wo own nnd control tho monns of production and distribution, and every worker gots tho
full product of hla toll.
I am, yours ln tho struggle,
WAItBLER.
"tTAJMK MMIflUC HEALS THE LUNGS
91 Vr« U-^UUHO PKICE. SS CENTS
Special Rates by the week and
the month and.to Theatrical parties.   Try our   7
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c ;;
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wlne-clerka. ~"
Here it is, Waiting fir U
WANTED—Girl for general * housework.     Apply,; Mrs. JTred Johisbtt. -**
TO RENT—(Furnished) 1 or 2 rooms
and" kitchen;'bath and «lectric light;
Victoria Avenue,, two blocks north of
school. ,.._ Apply Ledger  office.   3t.p.
WANTED^-Hbusekeeper fer workingman; widower with'two children.
Apply, P. 0. Box, 102, City.
,' TO' RENT—Two-roomed Plastered
House, with coal house, toilet and
water.. Apply, -R., Wright, West
Fernie. ie-3t
TO RENT—Concrete.block House;
6-rwmBr^Appir^mr"MIhT;on;Lind-
say Ave., Annex.* ;.'>"""*       7  , -*"   .
-, SHACK.—Apply. Wm.
say Ave., Annex.
Minton, Lind-
7 FdR*" RENT—Elght-'rbomed modern
House on Macpherson Avenue, $20 per
month.     Apply,* Cree and Moffatt.
FOR' SALE—House on Lot 9, Block
C2, Annex. Apply, R. Corner, Box
274 Nanaimo, B. C„ or 482 Fernie.
SOME HOLIDAY AND ANNI-
VER8ARY NUMBER8
Tho publishers nnd mnnngomonl of
tho Vorrion News aro to bo congratulated upon tho oxcollonco of tholr
Chrlstmns numbor.   Of   nil   tho
ox-
'. OF INTEREST TO PARENTS.—A
completo course In Pitman's Shorthand and Touch System of Typewriting, by Fernie's premier Stenographer.
A select clasB now in process of formation. For terms, etc.,- apply to .Wm,
S. Pearson, Public Stenographer, Box
13S, Fernie, B.C.
, HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE—For
,Snlo. ' Apply,' Mrs. Howard Marshall,
Dalton Avenue.- .'
FOR EXCHANGE—Two Housos and
Lots ln West Fornlo for building lots
in or near New Westminster.' Also
Piano for Sale. Apply, P, R. Lundle,
64, Howland Avonuo.
8TORE FOR RENT
.Finest Imllalng between LothVldgc
and Fornlo, located at HUlcrost, Alta.,
tho proporty ot Local 10G8. Building
80 x 33, with concroto. foundation;
basement, 40 x 33, A cash store pre
forred. This Is a splendid opportunity for any one. Tho coal compnny
hero aro,now spending a big sum on
dovolopmont work,
Full particulars from tho secretary,
JOHN TAYLOR,
Recording Secy,
HUlcrost, Alta.
CLUB
' - - n
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
.  Wholesale and Retail    <
Tobacconist
BarberShop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazclwnod Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
PortAlberni
City Lots, $409 and $450
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Company. Ltd.
NATAL, B.C.
"tC-1 MJt'W'lffgil^Wi'^l'^^***'"
T.T^Ty*: y -yy.
* -"-,.■»*,
i *i-th^vi)p'i.-   <mn
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!\f;-",l-.;
"WP
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FAGS SIX
THE DISTRIGT LEDGES, FERNIE,;,B. C, JANUARY 13, 1912
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*-.■  7
',   ' Under.the Coal Mines Act -
J The following papers' were, set .before candidates for, Mine Managers'
.examination held on September 13th,
14th, and 15th, 1911. * "        ,
COAL MINES ACT       7
,,. Candidates! must obtain 70 per ;cent
of the allotted marks to pass.   *yime—
, One and a half hours.
. '1.'   State The provisions of The Ccal
Mines Act as to—
(a). Inspection o! workings;      « *
"' (b) Safety lamps;
,   (c) Ventilation. .    IB
2. Describe briefly the duties of (a)'
a Mine Manager, and (b) a Pit Boss,
as laid down by tho Coal Mines Act.' 10
3. What aro tho provisions of the
Coal Mines Act regarding Checkweighmen? 6
* 4, State tho rule as to tho examination of a mine by the workmen, and
say why, in your opinion, this rule is
not more generally taken advantage
of? , ,. "8
■ "5. What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act with regard to man-
.. holes?        ' ,    J
-    Are manholes required on a self-acting incline 90 yards long, on which
. workmen are forbidden to travel, there
being a separate travelling road?     10
6.' What accidents'should be reported to the District Inspector of Mines,
and to the Minister of Public Works;
■ and what are the provisions as to the
reports? .9
7. ,State breifly -the provisions of
the Act with regard to-the use and
handling of explosives in mines?   14
8. What annual returns have to be
made by the owner, agent or manager?
7, ; ' ■• - *    7
-   9.   State' breifly the provisions  of
the Act regarding "shafts" and "out-
' lets."     <*       '    o 10
V10.   State the provisions of the Act
with regard y/to the fencing of—
(a) Places not in use:
(b) Shafts. ,■ 11
6. (a) State the different kinds'of
explosives'use^d'in mines In the Pro-"
vlnce . (b)'bive your -views as,io
the best'kind Gf explosives adapted
to the various conditions, (c) State
your views as to the best methods of
handling and caring' for explosives.,
(d) State the methods in use for drilling holes for explosives,- and.what suggestions'you would make/ if any, tor
Improvement in' such methods. .     12
7. The air current in a certain mine
is charged with marsh gas to the extent of 3 per cent., when the. water
gauge reading is 2.5 inches, What
would be the percentage ot gas'in the
current if-it became necessary to reduce tho speed of the fan till the wator
gauge gave a reading of only 1 inch?
10
8. Describe the principle and practice of electric blasting. What are
tho dangers of shot-firing in a dry and
dusty mine; and .what'. precautions
would you take in performing this
work? , «11
9. What do you understand by the
term "diffusion of gases", and what
instances do you know that appear con
trary to that principle? 7
10. Describe the safety lamp, giving an explanation why it is, considered and called a safety lamp. Name
the different types of safety' lamps
with which you are familiar."( State
which lamp you prefer' for the use of a
miner, and which for the use of a fire
boss, giving reasons. - 10
what purposes,are they used in connection.'with mining?,. - .9
^8; "The temperature ln a mine being 63 degrees P. the velocity of'the
air current 345 feet per minute,'arid
the size ot the airway 6 ft; 6,ins. by
8 ft. 3 ins.-, what weight of air is travelling per minute? 9.
79. How wj-rnld you increase the vol-,
ume of-air iri a iriine without increas-
ingthe power? , J ' 7,6.
10. Make.a neat sketch of pillar
and room workings for" a mine employing 145" men. Show number of
workmen in each district, course of
ventilation, showing air -splits and
crossings, stoppings,' doors" and "regulators. , Give size of return airway also
quantity of air in each split.. •         14
lyJADE i N CANADA
CON TAIN S  N O   A L-U M
CON FORM S TO TH E
HIGH-STANDARD OF
Ol LLETT'S GOODS.
MKINC
'WWDER
" ■-•   .GASES AND SHOT-FIRING     ' *
Candidates must obtain 70 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.   Tim&T--
jTwo'and a half hours.
•• i.   State what gases are given off,
"as the result of spontaneous combustion' and discuss fully their properties.
,      , " ' , .11
.,,* 2. , The quantity of air passing into
—a^mineT^raeasm-^^irTtfe'^intaker'is
f 115,000 cubic feet per minute, the tem-1 speed of 100 revolutions per'^minute,
■ perature being  65  degs. ,F. ,   If the  produces 125,000 cubic .feet ot. air un-
VENTILATION     *
Candidates must obtain 70 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.   Time-
Three and a half hours.* ■
1. What observations and data are
required to determine the quantity of
air circulating in a mine, and the efficiency of the ventilating appliances?
'' ' "     I0
2. Name the three main qualities
cf a ventilating fan, and .show how,
having regard to tlie thickness of the
seam the length of airways you would
determine the type and .size of fan
to be used. ,      ''-,*-,     '9
3. A current of 30,000 cubic feet of
air per minute is split into two airways/' A and B. Split A ls 5 ft. x 8-
ft. and 10,000 feet long. , If split' is
5ft. .x 7 ft, what, length must*: it, be
to take one-half the- air/no regulators
being used? ''.    •   -■ .    ,7-10
"■4T~_A_ian_io'icr_x-o^ii^-iuuiiuiB'ttir-a-
-- quantity measured on the * return of
the same air-current is 118,500 cubic
feet per minute, and the temperature
at' this point Is 72 degs. F., what per
cent of mine gases is present In the
.   return'current as it leaves the mine?
10
3. Glvo your opinion as to the pro-
pogatlbn of flame in mine explosions,
and discuss .' the different methods
which are adopted- for arresting tho
same. ' '.' 9
''4,   What Is  afterdamp, and  what
'would bo the composition of1 the after-
danip resulting from an oxpjoslon of
firedamp containing a large quantity
of-air; and what would it llkoly bo
If the firedamp contained a small,
quantity,of air? 10
5, Explain (a) the prlnclplo features of tho safety lamp, ,(b),tho effect of tho!soveral illumlnnnts used,
and (c), stato what princlplos control
or determine tbo'dimensions of safety
- lamps.        ; ' 10
der. a water gauge of 2 inches,;at a
certain mine; what would-be the required speed of this fan and the water
gauge to produce a circulation of 150,-
000 cubic feet of air per minute in the
same mine? il
5. State* to-what 'extent the air
current in a mine can be split keeping
Jn view the efficient ventilation of
the working places.' What advantages
are obtained by splitting air currents
over a continuous current, in ventilating a mine? Compare the advantages and disadvantages ofthe'differ-
ent-meanB of producing vontilatlo'n1 in
mines with respect to their.safety, effectiveness and economy. -  14
6. 'If 15,000 cubic feot of air per
mlnuto pass along nn airway 6 ft. high
by G ft. wldo and 1,000 feot long: what
will tho quantity bo when tho length Ib
increased to 2.500 feet, the prossuro remaining tho samo'? 8
7. What is a water gauge, a barometer, and a hygrometer;    and   for
V '*■„-
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■ PRACTICAL WORK,
~^ Candidates must obtain 60 per cent,
of the allotted marks tb pass.   Time—
Four hours. . >
1; Describe with sketches the different methods with which you are
familiar, of extracting pillars having
due regard to the greatest degree'of
safety to the miners and the recovery,
of the largest percentage of the coal!*
- ■"       *7      fi       ao
2. ' Describe some "form of coal cutting machine" with which you are .familiar, and state iri what seams they are
to be preferred to manual labor, - having regard to the thickness of 'coal,
nature of roof and pavement. * „ - 9
3.« Describe how you would arrange
your men arid • material for retimber-
ing an engirig'haulage road without interfering 'with the traffic on' it which
occupies eight out of.the twenty-four,
hours. '.It'is'-10(feet wide and 6-feet
high within the existing timbers. The
upright and crown-trees are 2 feet
apart and there are to be no centres
of the road. Sketch side and end
views, showing how you would place
the new'timber in relation to the old,
and if* you would .take out the old
which is supposed to have some
strength,left in it. .The roof is composed of 5 feet of soft shale up' to' a 6
feet bed of sandstone. When in your
opinion is the proper time to prop such"
a roof, for a' haulage* road with permanent' timber, immediately on being,
worked or later on?'1 .        - *ll
4.' Describe two systems of working
coal with which' you- are acquainted,
a vl filbte, under what circumsta**??-:
jaJ.-l4iJ£jyi5_ss^oL_the___seam,,natui-e_of»
the coal," and. state of the roof and
pavement, you would adopt one In preference to. the .other, always, keeping
in view the working of the coal in the
easiest and cheapest mariner, consistent with the safety of the men and
the production of the greatest amount
of lump coal. > ' ,     12
5. What chemical and geological
features are there in ancl adjacent to
a coal seam rwhlch makes it susceptible to spontaneous combustion?  " 7
6. Describe the general principles
of a breathing ..apparatus for rescue
work in mines and discuss tho favor-
able and unfavorable features of such
nn Invention. 8
V.- »A hblo 1% Inches ln diameter ls
bored Into old workings containing
water.. Tho head" of water is 66 feet
ami longth of bore hole is 25 feet.
How.many gallons of water will bo dla-
charged per mlnuto at tho orifice?    7
8. What aro tho dangers of the presence of coal - dust underground and''
how may they be mitigated? Doscrlbo'
some' of the precautions that ■ you
would, tnko to guard against accldonts
("herefrom .**|2
9. Doscrlbo fully somo method ,by
which you would sink a largo ree-
.tangular shaft through,heavily watered quicksand, nnd state what' nro the
limits, if any, to tho uso of the method which you doscrlbo., ' .*'  12
10. Stipposo you nro opening up a
now mlno In a 'flat scam'; what would
determine tho kind and size ot fan
you would equip your mlno with, and
wliplhf*!' you would opon up with a
double or irlplo ontry system, which
would you uso for intnlco, nnd which
for rot urn airway? Whore, would you
Plnco your fan and what porcnutloiiB
would you 'InlMi tn prosorve It In caso
of an explosion? ]2
der? Give also the cut-off arid the' relative areas necessary, in order . to
equalize the work of each,cylinder. 10
7. To what use'is electricity applied
in the operation of coal mines?, .What
are the advantages and disadvantages
of using electricity for power or,, other'
purposes? , State the conditions under
ments you would use and how you
would proceed,   y ,    , *. .,'    H
■' 6. ' What are the benefits, 'present
and future, of, having the levels of
main roads put on colliery plans?' 9
7.' How would you proceed to level
along an inclined road, which isi 3 ft.
9 ins. high and inclined at an angle
sending them* but 6t' town - or to the'
city-rock pile.;7The work will, consist of grubbing; sturnps~ in the city
parks, breaking* rocks, at; ttie' .city's
quarry-tor streetsvarid road' building.
With/the arrival of winter, these naen
have been thrown out of employment
aid have flocked, to Portland, augu-'
mented by- a horde of loafers ■7   -"* ';7
, , v,-. ,. - *, . -y *. ■"-1.
•.--The. Ontario* Bar,-Association at, a
meeting lri Toronto," last week, recommended "that a*"law -be passed''abolishing of the oath of office on a bible in
the.courts.*. ,The establishment of a
divorce' court\ for5: Ontario ,was-7also
suggested, but it was'finally decided to
recommend :;the \ Supreme-.Court' * and
not the Senate- the* tribunal•'to try
all Canadian divorce cases. ' *  ".
i >    ■••. *.'•*.
' Trade unions,, women's clubs7- and*
other progressive organizations are uniting their efforts In "an "attempt-to
force' the United - States Congress to
make provision for-svotes forewomen.
Victor *L'' Berger, congressman from
Wisconsin, will present a petition and
at the same time submit the necessary
amendments to-the constitution.-
° JOHISI BARBER, D.DS,., L D 3*:, ■**■ ;j^
-{.'7; -;"-7*DENTIST *\'-77; v:
-:y, .2 ■ i- -v. 7- -.**.-.''*' "'*■''
Office: Henderson Block, FernJe,""_B.C--
-   " t ^ Hours: '8.30 to^,1; ,2t.to 5.    ,    % .
'' "■' ttesldence:' 21; Victoria Avenuo.
W
7   * L. PyECKSTEIN        7    .
■ Barrlsteixit-Law, Solicitor,    '?,.,
,'".   , --'.. -  -.-.„ -'.*-;  . " *' <-'..:*•
ECKSTEIN BUILDJNG8, Fernlej; B.C".
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE A. FISHER
• ■■-'  ATTORNEYS    :
>,-'-'   ■,-.' ■'" . ',   *"■'.. '
Fernie, B. C.     ,-'
L7H.*   PUTNAM
Barrister; Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.,
.which you would recommend the use of of 44 degrees?
electricity for power In mines.    What
dangers are. attendant on its use and
what -precautions should be taken to
insure safety" to those employed in the
mine?        •   ,        ' 11
8. ,What size of rope should be used
to hoist 4,000 "pounds of ocal at one
time?   The car, cage and rope weigh-1
ing' 3,500 pounds.'    , . ,    . ,5
'"9.    Describe fully: '„ :'.        7\
(a) Aa appliance for'the prevention
of overwiriding-.in shafts:'  ■
(b") An. automatic arrangement of,
cut-off for winding engines. * ' '. ' 8
-■ 10. Describe any forin of compound-'
Wastage) air ^compressor. , When using ■> a large number, of drills underground, what precautions would you
arrange matters, so, as to make the
most efficient, and, economical use of
the compressed:air-,at your disposal?
'    ' ' ".       ■' ■  7   -    "      i , 9
11.. ^Describe fully, with sketches—
(a) How a'detaching hook should
be .connected 'to* the cage;
(b) Two methods of capping a steel
wire rope';, _..""-,-    ■■
.(c)-The precautions to be taken'iri
order to see, that a detaching ,hook'
is always in a-safe and good working
order. ■ 7 ;' ^7; "   *      '    '. 10
12. (aJ'What is a safe voltage to
use, in a mlne*;for electric haulage?'
(b) If the-generators are producing a
500-volt current what is necessary-to
be done tp-retain the'same power-but
reduce the voltage to 250 volts? ■* -. 7.
'■ u\.    11
- 8. - Describe an engineer's level and
say how,you would determine if the
instrument is in proper adjustment   14
SURVEYING .AND MAPPING '  ■>
Candidates must* obtain 60 per cent,
of the,allotted marks to pass.   Time—-
Three  and  a half, hours.-
1." Explain the terms diurnal variation, dip, declination, and secular variation of the magnetic" needle. ■   ■ <   9
2. What are the .requirements of
the Coal Mines Act as to working plans
for mines? ' What further Information'
should they afford in. addition to what
is legally required?,"-      ,     y    '  11
3. Calculate by sines and cosines
the bearing and length oCthe closing
line of the following traverse: ' ,
Station'    '  *     Azimuth'*      Distance
0 to' 1-.-..'. 31.degs. 28 rnins. .. 87 ft.
1 to 2 '. 7. .351 degs. 35 mins .'. 1.38 ft.
ENORMOUS FLEECING
- The report just published in London
of the year's- operations of J. arid V.
Jandpoan's' sewing cotton" combine
shows that the profits of the-combine
for the last financial year were over
three'million pounds.-- This',-makes
the net profits for the last ten years
$125,000,000.     A*'div'iderid amounting
. - y ,*■• ■*-        .. -  ■  '
to. 35 per cent has been declared.   During the iastten years the shareholders have received iri dividends four
times the original capital invested. -
2 to 3
3 to 4
4 to 5
5 'to.6
6 to 7
7 to 8
..276 degs. 15 mins.
, .149 degs. 25 mltis.
.'. 69 degs. 15 mins.
. .221 degs. 15 mins.
..Ill degs. 13 mins.
.'. 49 degs. 40 mins.
. ^.t ■cnrr'T. T T\Tn_
-' Candidates1 musVobtain 60 per cent,
of the allotted marks to pass.   Time-^-
Four hours! 7'     '.-*'*
■, 1.   Describe-fully the ordinary process, of levelling,' stating any precautions required to, ensure accuracy.   10
2. Give-a page from an Imaginary
level book, showing at least eight readings obtained by r two settings of the
Instrument.     '.'"'■ 18
. 3. Work out and plot the section
which' you have given ln question 2,
to any convenient scale. Mark on the'
profile the number,; and elevation of
each station.       '  ..' ' 16
4. What Is tho average grade from
tho point bt starting to tho finish of
the level, in question'2? i Show grado
by lino drawn on profile. 11
5." Suppose you' are required to take
levels along an underground roadway
In ordor to plot a section showing
both roof and floor, state what'Instru-
168 ft.
103 ft.
63 ft.
137 ft.
91 ft.1
53-ft.
y ■ - ■ . t - _ • , -12
.4. .Plot the ."traverse given in-question 3 on a scale*jot 50 ft.'tb 1 inch
and draw the closing line from Station
0'to. Station ,8. . „ \,&" , 16
"5. 'Give a general description'bf the
theodolite and ^explain the method In
which you would'uses it in making an
underground ' survey.     c '', \. 9
'y 6."" Delcribe the "trub~meridian7:,as
jirtw\Ytir»*».*\/1_Tirl + Vi_+1i»i"»_i,"»io friio+in_iir».niM/lifir*i.i_
VUU*-.|SU4%tfU~r*"tT lHl_llllj"l«Ubll*wLlV-lUVl XV* 11*1*.—
How'does the adoptibri of the latter-
affect plans made from compass observation's arid addend to as in mine plans
from year tb year?    ' -*~    10'
7. .How would you proceed to put
up sights In a room, the course of the
entry being given as N. 86 "degs; E. and
the rooms to be turned.tb the left, arid
to make with, the ontry an angle of
72,degrees?' • .12
8. In the case of a mine with only
one shaft, which ls vertical, and where
there Is iron, which cannot be' removed, In every part, explain how to connect the underground with the surface
survey.'    .''-,-',   -*  ' '"■ 9
9. Give sketch and dimensions of a
mine car to hold 2,500 pounds'1 of
screened coal aftor there ls 42 per cent",
ot,, screenings taken out of the car.
The coal ls to bo loaded one foot above
the car. ' Tho .spoclflc gravity of the
coal Is 1.25. ,   12
Cb    .P.      Ri
Annual
EASTERN
CANADA
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritime Provinces
Tickets issued in connection with" Atlantic
.CfAnt^fr.KtiYa-iiMllJli*-.  nn   cmln-ffrt-irt-Vrtir    Ifl'll—I.
-WVVllIlllDHipi-l'l«l-UV-WI*-J»H"-»iVli»-*'w i »-»vw»—■
to Dec. 31st inc'usivi- nnd limited to'flve
months from dnto ot issuo. y.     ,    ;
Finest equipment, Standard First Class nnd
- Tourist Sleoping Cars.- pining Cars
,  ' - on all through trains
Compartmont, Library, Observation Car on
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TICKETS ON SALE
'  Dec* 1 at to 31 st Inclusive ,
Return limit 3 months .
Apply nearest C, P. 11. ngont for particulars
or wrlto It. G. MoNEILLlE,     '•
Dlst. PftssoiiRor Agent, Calgary
TBE FERNIE;
lUMBEfr:C07
-   t   •   -   -i ■.-.,   \      ','.,, t"s  ■
„ A.-* McDougall, Mgr"7
y -■*-,• yi'■*•'-*',.,- , *-■  '.
-. *, ,*   - - -   -  . -,■.-"
*','.,      - * *   *-."-"      'y ,-.'•'..' '
Manufacturers of and Deal-:
ers in all kinds pf Rough
and Dressed LuniW  ,
•   *    ,    .    ". '*'   . *'
Send us your orders
tOf At
.......   .'ill!   I.,! i I,..I .I..A..I, I   ti.lili.ii
*+
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■if¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥^¥-¥¥^¥¥¥¥¥'f
Labor World
"We are only little ones, but we know Zam-
Buk eased our pain and cured our sores. Per*
haps it would cure you, too, If you tried it?"
hrib this Bound Advice from
"bilbos ind sucltlingH"1 Tako it I
Tho ipoakern nro tlio children of
Mri. E. Webster, oi Boigneura St.,
Montr(«ii^ *nrt fVioi ti-A'txn- mthU
woi p;ht to thai r appeal. 8ha uy« t
MMy littlfl girl oontmttal toalp
dinoajie&itohool, Bad gatherin|«
fonuc-d all orer hor head, aud not
only oauiwd the child muU pain
but nadd her vory ill. The aoret
d'HcWj-ed, an-1! occurriug on tiid
icalp ws feared iho would )om
sillier hair. She was ins pitiable
plight when we triad Zam-Buk,
bnt s few days' treatment wiUi this
balnt gava hor enw. Thon the
sores began to heal, and we continued the Zam-Buk treatment.
i*UM»UOtvU*U(Wkul»»-|»*(|Utlu(4«<W«M< m
"lly JJillol'DJ-JUSlnJjj-JjJ Jl ml-
oos scald on the neck. It set up
a ha/1 sore, and quite s few thing*
we triad, failed to heal it or giro
him ease. Onee more we turned
u> Lam-tux'*,, >*'u*i its tine uoi,
disappointed. It aeted like a
charm in drawing sway the pain,
and noon healed tne wound."
Zara-Iluk is ■■ tomcthlng different" in the way of btlma, It
eonHln»pow*rfulli*-«llngh*irb»Iei»«DOM,whleh,ii»«>nai»pr.li«'l
ti» tkin AhnM«*. kill of! th* orrmi snd end tha tvilnful imArdn^,
OtUor Minncos eouUluwl in Zara-Iluk so itlwuUta tbo oolls Utal
new bMlthy tluue i* i{MMdlly forn-td. Frt«ms,ltch,ulc«rf, Mid
Mjttt*,(»U»o»»tt4,rii4Udui twito*, \iU*A puiiouluj-, cUiuu.c wuum.Ii-,
cold crftcki, *to.,*r« ho*led and curixi ia tbis why, Vm it lor all
6UninjuriMaaddUuM«. ItiiaUeofgrutsemtaforpllM. All
dRtrX'^** Hod *■<"■*« it SO «ents hat, er Zsm-Bak Co., Ttfftmto,
FREE BOX
JSeod tti} cent
•tamp for pc*t>
o^e, aud «* will
tuat] trial lot
"Tea. ViBtlOB
tiJapapcr. "
atyi-But^
"EVERY HQ/v\E NEEDS IT
MACHIN18HY
OnndldntoB numl obtnln 00 por cont,
or tlio allotted mnrl(H to pima.   Tlmo—
THroo nnd n lirylf liours,
U Rvplnln whnt Ih monnt hy rmch
of tho (orm» •'HontlnB Surfano,"
"Stonm "Room," "Atmonphorlc Pros-
suro," nnd *'*Utont Hoat." B
2. Mnumornto tho different cnusos
of inenratfttion In a steam boilor.
Whnt kind of Inourotallon does tho
most hnrm to a holler nnd In what
manner may It cause an explosion^ 7
, 3. In a slope which Is 000 foot In
length and lias on nvorngo pitch of
iiu -iogrtititi, c(w tiUdiitUy ot wator uucu-
mulaUPfr is 250,000 gallons per day,
(iU-f> th* slie of the pumps and the required npcod of tho houio to romovo
this mnttor by pumping S hours por
<".«•**, lu
4. Whnt thickness should n cast
Iron pipe (i Inches In diameter bo mndo
to havo n bursting pr-nssure of 4,000
pounds per square Inch? 0
6, What alio of Imulngo engine
would hn r<*qtilr«*d to "h.iul nn ofifpu";
of 100 tons per hour up an Incline
1,Mn j-nrdn In 1<*nc')i, -v/Mi ft crrtdlcnf'
of I In fi? it
(5. A compound, trlplc-e-Kpinalon,
| ihree-ryllndor enulnfl tnkf-s aleom from
.bollor* at K*2 pounds absolute pro»snro
'anil tiiha'!!" »*t 3 rf!---'^?!!!'lib*M-nl*;
_ whnt N fh/» tntnl nimhfr nt ^rjinnnton*
•An |Im» ilMM, »«*<! \*hat i-wml"'*'****!
{cKpanslons t.iko placo in each cylln-
Illinois hns nutliorlrad'tho appoint-
mont of n wninnn Investigator of domestic employment ngencloH.
* *   *
Mrs. Pottlploco died In * Rovolstbko
last wook, used 59 years, Her sou,
Pnrm, Is tho woll-known labor writer
of Vancouver.
* ♦   •
Tho Htrlko nKdlnst Sllcoolc & Sons,
Liverpool, oil enko manufacturors, lius
boon HOttlod hy kIvIiik tho mon tho Incroaso of wuroh demanded,
* *   *
Illliinlu is to ponslon poor mothers
unnblo to support tholr children,
Ghenpor and hotter than to tnko thorn
irwny ^from hor and put thorn Into
Inutllutloni. -v
* *   *
Thoro wns loss,conl mined In tho
United Statos up to tho closo of the
yonr 1871, by" ton million tons than
what wns mlnod In that country dur-
lng Inst year.
*        *        <*
The following dully wngoa aro paid
In Jerusalem: Unskilled labor, 24 to
4U conts; enrpentors, 62 cents to fl.uo;
iiiaouiio Ai iil&U aa U>Mi »^M <">Uc'«
42 to 01 cents.
* t   ♦
Ou complaint ot tho district mlno
Inspector, n minor at Thomas, West
Vl I Kill lit,  tvilH  •J-Illtill   iOt   liidliUVitf  \A>A»
off tho solid.    It Is reported that tho
practice Is Injurious to tho coal and
dangerous lo life.
»   •   •
The denth Is nnnouncod of Mr. Geo.
T),ivy TO!!*}-, formrtrly M.P. for Bonth
West Manchester, lie was a strong
Tr,vt/> f'fifonlat, ond vf*t n' «7i<* 'lm***
hixuuny to tlio Amnlgamatod Boc-ltty
of Lithographic Print-Ms, and was for
tnsny yoars n City Councillor and J.P.
for Mftiuhcttor. ■-•
■»♦•»*_
ThA T'nf'crJ fitntti pmtmhly +mplnr*
nioro jH»op|o than any other employer
or State in th-n world.   On Us pay roll
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
at the prosont tlmo are 222,278 mon
nnd womon protected by civil sorvlco
regulations. Number of exceptions,'
59,702; numbor .not undor civil service,
0*1,892; umbor appointed by the President, 0,525;" workers on* tho Panama
Canal, 28,191; total 384,088.
■"■   *   * . *
Rov. P. C, Yoi'gc, a well-known Catholic priest of Snn Francisco, delivered a l'ocuro on "Tho Drift Toward Socialism," In which ho denounced tho
public schools!, modern newspapers,
tho Initiative, roforendum, recall, etc.,
ns nil tending to bring nbout Socialism.
Although being ln opposition, Fnthor
Yorko ndmlttod-llmt tho now movomont Is forging to tho-front. "Socialism Ib horo nnd here to stny," he,,
said, "It Is growing nnd will contlnuo to grow, nnd I bollovo It will win
In tho United Stnton bocnuso nlno-
tenths of tho people in the United
Stntos nro living on Socialistic principles.
Tlccnuso mombors of tho Musicians'
Union in Ghlcugo doslred hotter conditions and an increnuod wage scnlo,
tho tboatrlcal managors docldod to got
along without orchestras, Church
chlmoB and othor musical novelties
were substituted, but their introduction did not Improve tho productions
by nny mannn, Aftor a pnlnful ox-
porlenoo tho managers decided that
OJclitoUaO iiluki in) -.valOKHt alul >iv«u-
t*i3 io the (U'iu!***i!ti cf lit- uulon. A.u
a result It has been agreed that, hereafter ench lending theatre would employ n minimum of eleven muslclnns
besides the loader, and   that   ench
 It    „., .1,   .    it-ftf i      »,,-*     .i        *-
$21, and the leader tOO instead of (35,
• v *
Portland, Oregon ,Clty Council has
appropriated 110,000 to be used In tho
payment for work to bo provided for
tho unemployed now In that city. The
purpose of the meiuuro Is twofold.
Primarily tho money Is fo furnish suf-
flrlcpt. work for 1bor>o who sre out of
employment to enable them to live,
and to weed out tLo hobo clement.
•J
Beer
and
Porter
FERNIE
Bar Uhexcelled
All White Help
Everything
: up-
to-date
Call
in and
-  ■' ' 'see"
■ • *'. -i-
us once
JOHN P0DBIELAN0IK, Prop.,
I                    ■        O          "      I.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
«*tj<jiis®&<©a»'iDflM©c3&«a!SMn>ii
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackaiy hm.
P. Carosella
Whpiesale Liquor Dealer
swBBi8iiaeiij.L nn",." <i!»!m.iM)j.i_u-L.j a
Dry GoodB, Groceries, Scots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUP
liRANCH  AT HOSMER,   BlC...
Royal
Hntel
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141. Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p. ta, Minors' Union Hnll. W,
A Worlhlngton, I-rosldont; 13. J.
•Good, Secretary.
Bartenders' Local No. 614! Meota 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays nt 2.3ft p.m. Secretary 3, A. Gouplll, iWnldorf Hotel
Gladstone Looal No, 2314 U. M. W. A.
kiwi* fin muu iiu iiiuriuay Mtaera
Union hnll.    i\ llpcii, 0c\
8T0PS COUCH? "MMt,,EIWM0S
•Ol-UJCE. ISCiiNIS
JL
Stanley St  - Nelson
U   in  >     i        r~~ —    —— —.—	
. Bsst Family and Working man's
Hotel In City; nicely furnlihed
rooms with Dath. Oedi, BOc.
each, meale, 3f»c.
A Union House
Prep, J. 8. BARRATT
Typographical Union No. 655* Meets
last Saturday In each mouth at tho
Lodsor Offlco,    A. J, Buckley, Soo-
Local Pernio No, 17 8. P, of C. Meet*
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7.45 p.»n. Everybody welcome, D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.,
J
United "Brotherhood ef Carpenters and
Joiners.*—U)tnl mu. U. J. Evans,
President; V, II. Shaw, Secretary.   :
Try a Ledger Ad
/ . .S-S,--"i-; ,
i v^ *      *■* *
■ ".' •".■**
THEjblSTBICT, LEDGES, -FmillEyB. P., JANUAEY: 13,>1912
)-,:
QMvyFor^
_ \r --»'-\   i      7„.VI > .' ■...''       *     -,,-. v '; " f"*       ".*        '■-  '■"
PAGE SEVEN
„~ t-.\i "'
'%
Italian
".-■r -
LO SPETTRO^DELL^UNIONISMO
- ; ,;, 77 iNDUSTRIALE  S'„S : ..
>
,' "-, ."Uno- spettro 'niinaccia-. 11' mbndo:' lo,
v '-.spetrb deiru'nionismb Industr.iale: ' il
,  • • -capitallsta e impaurito 7 perfino'. dalla
"<£*• v8iia "ombra; ^el/substupende' rifiesso
E ne
I
IV**.
S*'
"•V^ '
*$:
t
e del suo stupendo sviluppo
'..'ha-ben..ragione.'7 •i'1' "•-,„'   ,
7, -.7• L'Unionismo'.IndustriaV' e,/la'*7piu
>grande,ispi'razlone „che sia;venuta a
- s>'"Tarmata' del.,lavoro --perche ■ questa ,'e
*• una ispirazione,'e, non un "piano divis-
-,«tq da questo o* da quel '.'labor leader."
;     7-11 siio messaggio pieno. delle aspira-1-
- zipnl d't un'eta di martiri, dice ai la-
': • voratori: nessun Mose potra'condurvl,
alia cbnquista dei yostrl.'dlrlttl. ■' Ma
la ^conquista dei yostrl dlrittl' l-avrete
'soltanto; quando ye. la.vsaiirete pren-
, deretda vol stessi." *'- .   *> •' :•■'.} •
Questo messaggio non e per un cer-
', to numero di lavoratofir ma per tutti i
7 lavoratori in generate"-    Bssb   viene
■ grldato ad alta' voce ai senza casa:, ai
; -senza.proprieta, ai senza voto, ai sen-
7/za lavoro,' ai senza dio*.    .Plu-illa-
,..*.-• .yorato're e*:spossessato'dJ,"tutto oio che
7"gli. abbisogno nella. vita, piu forte sen-
■ "" t-4 questo" grido,' per,, la * semplice, ra-,
gione'eli'e l'insplrazione dl questo'mes-'
,, -sagglo vieho, non come tutte le passate
Ssperanze dei layoratbri > dall^tlto*; fra
^-■le^brittanti stelle, ma dal'basso, dalla
.\--sojlda'terra.     Primo*ad essere udito
■edMnteso e dal povero yagabon'do in-
7- tirizzito,' perche' egli'e phi vlcin'o , alia
80rgente:da"dpve* questp.7,grldo viene.
;E questo, messaggio dl._speran"za per
', una *classe" di  schi *ayi,-,si, espande;'
: flno a conquistare. 1'iiifjerb."pensiero,
-,*. della grande, armata' vdel 'lavoro., Ed
-appu'nto perche essb viene "dal basso e
-non daU'alto, la-sua etica,la',sua.morale e la sua filosofia," sono :aila„ roves-
' cia divcome le'lntendon6'.i-"''ben pen-
" > santi". -La morale,* la filosofia e l'etica
\deilo unionismo Industriale si' possonc
i   deflnire in' una "sola-,.parbla7"rivolu-
'.-zionismo"- Unionismo  'industriale   si
■ puo.chiamare'  unionismo   rlvoluzlon-
\  ario: ^. 7     \ ■'./,,    ' '•
* Le Vecchie Urilonl ,    *
-    Tuttayia i lavoratori ■ salariati Bono
stati' organizzati per mestiere.'
' „ ■ Leunlo'ni di imestiere non accettanp
iie^proprib seno'i capitalist!, perche Y
capitalisti sonbi l^rb nemiei„'ma non
• acgetano nemmeno' i.la*voratori perche
~,"^ln vnrntnrijl'ol ^ Al e.*r,.«,_'.i^i'_»..'.J :	
— .—' ^»-.«w. * -  mi*—*»4 ,-Tov/j/i a.—u\71—llUlJJd U"
■, disponibile". di • posti - sono uguaimente
7*loro nemici. -'  '""7 ,*- '..-7
'.-Iri" altre porole, una unione di mesT-
.v   tiere, e un'o**ganizzione' di" lavoratori'
uniti-"|*j; univniiione. partlcolare,- -li prln->
cipalo Vcopo della quale e''quello"di res-
I  tringere al miimirrio uosslhlle le per-:
7'sonerch'e potrebbero.impararo b diyen-
• 'ireimpiegate in quelln-partlcolare oc-
cupazlone.   . Percho qiiesto.V . Perche
,  osso rlsolve  nel  proprlo jnestiere il
'-prablema dei dlsoccupati,  "ma'corris
p'ettivamento rcn'de piu.arduo il pro-
blomn por il rlma'nente della clnsse
,' lavorntrlco. Una comodlta','e una cosa
di valoro prodoltn i"er venir cnmblatn
sul, ih'orciito dol mondo.    Burro,; uova,
stlvall, occ. osposti in venditn In uh
magnzzino Bond comoditn,    La forza
dl lavoro o iin,i coino'-lita;
-Ln. legge del valoro o.doll'uso, dice
... cho 'quando una data rac*rco'occodo, 11
consumo,; 11 pi'e'zzo "di quel la comodlta,
,   ya abbasso,    F.quando la rlchlobta dl
• * linn comodlta o' ipagloro della proilu.,
Blonoll prozzo di.^'osta va,In alto(»
Lo union! dr'n^Htlero, rlducd^Vf^a
produislone o'cosi li.jjr^jszo dellavnW-'t
.  olo crosco,    Da qul''u'nai-jrosi-*i tassa*
d'entratn, neUe vecchlo >un}pnl ed, un
alto 'ihonsilo. " " ,,     ■ ""',', l}y
.-. " L'unlono  iii  mcstloro  comhattoie
; fluorva la classo lavoratrl'co,,*    E(,por
quanto slono dtalo utlll luepojho pas.
sato, sono' danhoso n-yiTopoca prosbnto.
Lo unionl dlmoBtlero pnBSono'sdcldl's*.
faro ancho oggl l*ogolBtn'd,dcl lo**o bocI,
bo avrnnrib forza RbbttBtanea^mn, nori
ffljan;}b mai lo IntoresBO doi/j-\ Intlcra
7 classo lavoratrlco, Nessuno di. nol
■ puo.rlnlznrsl sepza cho i*ol modcBimo
tompo Hi rlalzl tuttaln, classo luvora-
-t'"',co'', ■■      .. yi '   ,
II rJuovo Unlonlrino
La rng'lono iiiai ha provnlgo' n mal
provarrn sonzn   Taluto   dolla   forza.
L'esistenza. e>una continua'lotta:'.  II'
piudebole cade.. cE rion s'ono'l pochi
che cadono,"ma'.i piu deboli,7 I capital-;
isti sono' pbchTed-i lavoratori-*molti.
Tuttayia',I. lavoratori,sono deboli ed
i ckpitalisti, forti:..,.. I lavoratori sono
giaspmti; contro il muro.'.,,   ;-,-..   7-
.   Perche*'sono^i pochi *, for tied, i piu
deboli? r'::*":'-',7-7*;-v : 7 • 7y> f -■' .7
Perche p'uoun bambino condurre"un
elefante? 7 ,77 \ ,7-...', "*";       .   -'
' ' L" elefante "lavbratore,"-ha la'forza
iri tutte e duele mani.ma perde la col-
laborasioue di quel divlrio specchio di
materia'< greggia, vci*e nol chiamiamb
cerello. ",*7'\"        ,       "
Mqscoll e cetvello!  7 -;- *     '- .-
■   Proporzione impossibile!
• II lavoro ha*forza-in tutte''e, d'ue-'le
mani:1 la piu graude forza,che abbia
esistito o che esista.       *.' <
Cosa e la moriitagna?, -- • •
Non vi hanno le mani del lavore
forata sotto la- gallerla?   -,
,Cosa e l'oceano? . "' . * "
. Non hanno le mani del lavoro appun-
tato ed adattato deli'acciaioin forma
farlo galleyyiare "sopra l'acqua*"© farlo
attraversare   da'"una • port© all'alda-
tra?    E sia pure il mare' cattivo'oggi
il lavoro se ne ride;- -.    y
, ,E'11-Niagara?     , -,-'''. '    .
, Non ha'il lavoro diggia diminiilto il
suo poterite'ruggito?- ';;TJna ceiatesima
part© del'suo potento volum©7e ~con-
dotta,-come l'elefante per un.orrecchio
a'seryire; i blsbgni della .societa. •, -Es-"
sa vienne .come ruggente leone a per-
cuotere le pietre al di sotto la cascata
come'ha-fatto'per epoche senza fine";'
hia il,: lavoro gentilmente traccia la
strada alle veloci ruote 'del-mulino.e
dopoaverle tolta la sua poterite forza
conduce il suo calmq volume come un
gentile agneUo,' a ricongiungersi alia
corrente,plu in basso."'
Cosa puo esser fatto.che il lavoro
non possa fare? v -..'.'.. *
Niente!    ',      '• , .* ,,,' '•
Cosa puo esser fatto senza il lavoro?
Niente:    •*">   "■.,';   ■' -. *  *,
Cosa e il lavoro?'-,"     '"       "7
La forza*posseduta.dalla classe.la-
voratrice.        '' , ,'
Cosa,signlfi'ca questa forza? \,
*  Che la societa non potrebbe esis-
tere senza di essa.   ."■
Quale aitra. forza ,'esiste all'infucri
del lavoro?—II Lavoratore Itallano.-,*
CAUSE; OF INCREASE-IN
ycosiyok^Li vj n Q-
Bill Introduced inU. S." Senate Calling
.'   For a Commission   ,       '
','; WASHINGTON,. -Jan..;,7. —'Senator
Crawford introduced a bill.to provide
for..-the'appointment by- the**** "United
States-of,members*'of an international
commission' to investigate the general,
increase of the cost of living. -The
measure would provide,,for a general
enquiry relative to tho wages; the effect of trusts and the influence, of' tho
increased volume of gold.. The bill Is
iri line .with "suggestions at tho recent
economic congress in this city. ...
JUDGE ORDERS  BURN8 .
7    TO JAIL,IN INDIANAPOL'18
„ INDlANAPOLfC . .lau., (J.—Dbtoctlvo
W. T. Bum's today was ordered'to jail
by Judgo Markoy of tho Indiana courts'
following the action of tho Federal Security Company,in, wthdrawing its
bond of $10,000' for the appoaranco of
Burns on tho charge of kidnapping
John J. MeNamara from this city and
taking.him to Los Angoles for trial in
thb dynamiting, cases. '
,; Burns immediately wont to tho Pod-
oral court for the purposo of suing out
a writ of haboas corpus,
•$100 Reward, $100,
Tlu rudei* ot thin p»per will bo pieaud to tetra
tlMt thtre la at lo-ut one drendod tllMtie tlut ulenM
haa biMii ablt.to euro in all Ita tURoa, and that Id
Catarrh. Ilall'a Catarrh euro la tlio only poaltlvt
euro now known to tho medical fraternity, Ottarru
bolnR a conmitutional dlwwue, rcqulnu a eonatltu-
llonal trfatment,   "-   '--   -   - -
ternall*/, aotlni directly upon the blood and mueoul
aurlawi, of tlia ayatntn, tliaroby dMtroyin-j tha
foundation ot tha illume,; and Klvlntt the patient
ftrencth by bu lUlng ud tha oonntitutloit and aauiot-
inn natura In dnlnit ha work. Tlia proprlelon havo
ap muoh falili In na curatlvo powera that they offer
One Hundred nollura for any eau tlut It falla to
cum.   Band for ll*t of teatlmonlala,
SA-,,itM TA ii C"r-l"By * CO., Toledo, O,
ild bv all Dnirnitta, ¥Bo.
ika Ilall'i Family l'llla for oonatlpatlon.
7 List of Locals District 18
.iO, NAME '    8EC. and P. O. ADDnE88
20 Bnnkbend p, Whoatloy, Bankhond, Alta.
481 Benvor Creek..,,.. P. Qnimhton, Boavor Crook, via Plncher
♦81 Bollovuo 4,, j, Burko, Bollovuo, Prank, Altn.
Slfl3 Blairmoro..,....,. «, j, ohaoo, Blairmoro, Alta.
040 Burmls. .'.Jos. Dorbyshlro, Burmls, Altn,
227 Carbondalo J. Lonsborry, Carbondalo, Colomnn, Alta.
8887 Cardiff.., j, Poolo, CArdlff, Altn,
1887 Canmoro N. D. Thaohuk, Canmoro, Alta,
2638 Colomnn  W, Oraham. Coleman, Altn    «
2877 Corbln „   R, Jonoi, Corbln, B. O.
tm C-iiiuook Mlnos ,... Wm. Forayth, Diamond Olty, Altn.
2178 Diamond City Albert Zak, Diamond Clty„ Lethbridge.     -
JIM F«r*nl* ; Thos. Uphill, yy>rnlo, B, C.
12-35 Prank  O. Nlool, Prank, Altt.
«07..1Iosmor W. Balderstone, Hosmer, B. O.
iw-ik liijucrntat j, o. Jonos, Hllloroat, Alta,
1174 Lothbridgo L. Moore; 804,8I> toenth St., North T^thbrldgo.
".!! ^.hbr,df# Co,"«riM Fr«>k B»HnEhttw, sec, via.. Klpp, Alta.
1888 M"« W. L. Bvant, Lille, Frank, Alta        '■
tW Maplo Leat M. Ollday, Maple L-aaf, nsllorue, AIU.
MS4 Michel , m, Burrall, Michel, D. O.
74 Menarr-h Minis..,. Ihtvn Wtwdleld, Taber, Alta.
1351 Paubnrf  nobt, Evans, Pasiburt, Alt*.
MM TttiT*l VJ«if ..%,.,, Thoa, B. 3Pl»Ur, Royal Cotlleriea. Utbbridte. Alia
int TiUr i. J*»ttamB,ji*T*b«, Uta,
lol Tab*r j, coopar, T»t*r, JUU.
SfIt Ladysmlth ,„...,.. j, j. Taylor, Udysmlth. D. O.
lift HumerUnd Peter UtW las, Bnm*»lsn<l, B. C.
m W««f»-H«i...t.., num. Harntl. WcdllattoB, B. O.
t1«*  Wanf.mt j,^ ntoi Natwlmo, B. C
Slavbhiairi;
JAKO PASU DUSPASTIER'l
„      -  ,,    . IM'SVERENE^fADO"
, ■ .r.. .     i.—-7;>;.-/;.,; y
' ARNOLD, Pa:—Nasi .lmazVstaie.krt5
Cia.^ kazatel'nic,. 2e b«zhabo2enstfo a"
neznabo2stvo  plqdl -{nemraynosejale,
jako^ u*i; bolo na 'tomto-'mieste^nie'- raz"
spomehuto, najviac hemravno'sti spaph-
aju ti, ktori sicemaKboha ria7jazyku,
ale v svojom srdcl maj'u ,tu najva5§iu
neveru.     Tak* na prifelad J* ha7na§om
plejze"su taki. ktori'by'stiahll'Krist-i
za.nohy,   ale   naplneni \-:wx ; diablom.
Takeho jednoho tu'mame,medzl haml
pofiuje ne meho St: Konopka.1- '• Tento
nabofiny eiovek spachal- tu dna 4.' dec. |
zversky skutok', zaiktory. bude muse't'
pozret'.spraYOdllvosti^db oCir Zversky
tento skutok spachal ria sedemrofiribm
dievCatl'svojho bordingbosa'P. Kabu.
Spomenuty netvor je'oveCkou rev."
Klcka Cill rev. Kitzay Tarentum. Pa.
Tu sa dokazalo. 2e jaky pastier", tfeke
stado. .   -.lev. Kicko vie hriesnym 2e-
nam odpugfat, I ked' su ony i druhe-
ho oveinca, len, ked' sa mu daju pokrs-
tif.    Matka ubohe.lobete Jo tle2 Kit-
zova oyefika. -   Ona vedeln,r2e by to
Kitz Bvbjmu baranovi odpustll, a preto
isla na policlu a tarn celu vec oznaml-
la. ■   Policia   mileho" barana   lined'
zlapala a do greenburgskeho okresftka
ho zatvorila.    Odtial'to mu nepomo2c,'
ani ked' by dal seba" viacna sv. . An-
tona, nepomo2e mu ztadlal' Sla'dna sva-
tena. voda a 2iadne. Kitzove hokui*-
pokusy.     - ,      , ,       "
Je pozoruhodnym, Ze takeho chlapa
biskup .Canevin ani zladny iny biskup
neprekl'aje,. ani ho z'clrkve nevylufl.
'Ale, proti R. L., kliatby vynagat' vedla,'
afikol-vek tato sa neprivinila'ani tyra'
najmenSim, len'Cb 2iyu pravdu hlasa.
I rev., Kitz sarad tym" svojlm oSuu-
panym o-nasJa,o nalu R; L'. otre,-.sr>
cialistov a2 na same dno pekla posicia
a R. L'.nam Citat' zakazuje, ale o
syojich oyeCkach mlfii/hoci tie pachaju
medzi.sebou sodomskd hriechy. Spome
nuty* Konopka;-nebol, 2iadnym socialis
LES   MALADIES -'[P^OF-ESStONNEU'
•7   LES ..CHEZ" "L'ES   MINEURS''--
"•,"?«■* -/i '■*>■'
torn, Rovonosf L'udu by nebol vzal do  plus de conffance aux mineurs et e'est
eux. que j'en  appelle.      Pour Iob
stimuler disons qu'en France, malgrd
ruky sa pol sveta, ale zversky,skutok  a
s malym diev2at'om mohol "spachaf,
Myslel  si,  ce rodi5ia  dievgat'a jeho  que les trlstes-effets de l'ankylosto-
hnusny Sin zakryju plagt'om kresfans-  maise-soient'molns etendus qu'en Bel-
kej shovievavostl.    Tu je, va2eni Cita
telia R, L'., p'ravdivy obrazok tej mrav-
nej spustlosti naSich klerikalov.—J. N.,
zpravodaj.,  .     7,    .' •' ,„.
OD   NASICH   DOPISOVATEL'OV
RIDGEWOOD-HEIGHTS, ,-N. -Y.-Z  ceutique's, hospitaller, indispensables
nagho mesta • tak ne5asto 6itame ne-
jak<§ zpravy'.'.a naglo:by sa.skoro do
nasho mlsta tak; neii'asto Citame ne-
mo2eme chvalit',.'tej'niet mnoho.-malo
je tych gt'astnych76o.pracuju stale;
Vel'k6 massy robotneho. l'udu zahal'a
po uliciach a poparkoch. ',' V nedel'u
 ■   ■ "^= ■  -  ■    ■    - ■  ^ i mi in 12 ranoiri*AiiT rt^a^tv>finiv.« it- a~ j^..u_
ana ^&, aec, t. ]. na den-Narodenia nou; '-■ „, '*' *. , , . , ^
Spasitel'a, Igiel sW dolu po 4,-avenue nal f «s c?n^mement a-la lol du- 9
-m an. m   vfla r*A\„ „.,.,„; ..;,!,     avril 189? s«r les accidents de'travail.
na 26, ul., kdet vidim vel'ky huf l'udu.
Tak sa' ponahi'am, "aby som videl, Co
sa tarn asl mohl>o stat*. Pridem blizie,
a to tarn samy Vobotny l'ud; dostayali
vianocne darky! t Bolo'sa na-.to veru
smutrio divaL', jaka tlafeiiica ,tam bola.
Ka2dy sa usiloval, aby', dostal' hieCo
lepgieho. Poneva-5 tol'ke* darky nc-
mohly byt' rozdariS v neiakom malom
obchode, preto vyprazdnili kasaren. Na
dverach bol vyveseny yel'ky plagat/n
na nom bolo vypisan,e, dby ka2dy uka-
znl, avoj listok. Pyta'm" sa tain jednoho, aky to must mat' ten listok. Od-
povcdal ml, 2e 5o patria k noja'kemu
kostolu; v koBtolo 2o dostal -kaiidy
chudobny listok, na ktory jo oprav-
neny na ten kuStik masa. 'Tak ten,
ktory' neposlelal svoje dle'tky do kos-
tola a1 mohol byt' trebnrs i ten naj-
chudobneJSI, Jak'neranl'tlketu" nodostal
nlC. Takvldlte,;ctonI Citatella Rovn.
L'udu, ako vedia tl panl kapitnllsti oCi
slopll'! ,0 To sa nnroztrubuju pon o-
vlnach, Co onl pre chudobny l'ud do-
brcho urobia,. Takto to hlasa "Evon-
ing Journal" a "Now York, American.'!
Tito" dvaja tam mall vellku ohlnsku.
AS* prldu na buducl rok prosldontskfi
vol'by, to budo chvnly, Co tl panl bo-
haiilpro nas dobrouroblli, ako nas
podporuju. Aby nas mohll vfiotkych
na svoju stranu dostat', Toda nasou
poylnnost'ou Jo, abykaUdy rozslroval
robotnicko CasoplBy, nkym jo llovn;
L'uuu, Cnsopls ton nas poufil, to jo
nnfia Sko.Ia a nafia zbran, Jitaa odni*»n
reprnv6\* na chudobnom 1'udo pacha-
nu Po novom roku budo vychndziL'
dvakrat za tySdon; mysllm, 2o knMy
sudruh a prlaznlvec vlo bvoju povln-;
nost'. '■ Kn2dy ma nojnkych znamych^
Co oito Rovnost' L'udu nofiltaju. Ked1
koXdy odborntel' slska jodnoho nloho
dvooh odboratol'ov, vtedy sa nomuBlmo
ohavat', to by mohla Rovn, L'udu upn-
dnut', Kod' budo kaZdy s chut'ou
pracovat', vBotky prekazky budu od-
sraneno,
KBta rilcCo. Tu v.NowYorku okolo
71. ul. nasi slovonsklmladlcl mnju ton
krnsny zvyk, 61 jo to robotny don,
noCer nlobo v nedol'u, to si I'ubla na
knrotky inhrat'. Kod' by to.hrall o
cent nlobo o 2o. aril by som to noplsal,
alo tam Idu M Jo to taka 8lkovna
hra: elnpundzwnnzljr. Nioktory je ink
st'nstny, io tam nooha colli podu, nnl
al noma potom chudnk ca Co pohar
nlvn vvntf   nln M|l» ^p™,.,. „  ., ,,,n ,i
1 , r    . ,       * * -I*.    ...L   .        ..       ...J.,,.      „,,
Io noma snrmd, V Rohotu v'<>?er VoiV
snBnu, tnk robin "ovortlmo". " Kol'ko
ra« ani sa nonaida, jo l2^odln (nie 1
nod) vo dne. Vtedy Ion si pomyslls,
to by ul maly prestnl'. Su to medzl
nlm! 1 Rnkrtll. n. nnldu nn nl^Vr^v «%
lealo hry "kaltdy by lap!.© urobll, ked
by cllal poubne knlhy. Neitojl to
nl& Ineho. len al vtlat*. SIot aoe. a«k-
6% mi knlhovnu, tam obdrtl kaldy. Un
trochu chutl do Cltsnla, Tam aa
kaldy naucll nltJomu UplUou. My-
illra, U ml to nUktori lutta utliaval'1
tl« prardu ntpluf nl« jt hrieebom.-
O. BocbaU
,'*Le dernier, congres'des min**ur8*ten-i
a Cha'r3eroi:a 'discut'S.longuement' cette-
importa'Dte "'questioV '*(surt6ut"""l'anky;-
lostomasie- ou' ver du, mineur -et* le
nystagmus, oscillation'des yeux).V»' Bt
lbgiquemeht.bn.'a cohciu a-leur assimilation aux-accidents, afin que leVouv--
riers affligeessde'7'ces maladies puis-
sent obtenir une indemnity journal^
ere pendant le temps n^cess'aire a leur
gu^rison;'   c*est-,-d*61*5mentaire 7bon
sens!    '•.,*-       ■
■. j -i.*- ,. ■ i
■ Seulement, cliez la' camarilla char-
boniiiere beige,' le bbn'sens n'a que
faire avec la n^cessit^1 du mirieur;
pour peu qu'on s'decupe de ce, dernier
pour protdger, sa "sant6 et sa vie"* ce
he peut etre qu'au, detriment" des divl-
dendes de "ces messieurs," et alors
la meute et tous leurs organes.crient
au plus fort; a la ruine industrielle!
Les mineurs beiges sont de mauvais
bougres incontentables par leurs exigencies. ' - ,-
Depuis 5 ans on a prld" des arretes
royaux determinant,des mes'ures d'hy-
giene aux charbonnages pour enrayer
l'ankylostomasie; des latrines a la surface, une par 25 ouvriers, des baquets
parfaitement etanches dans le fond, le
tout blen et proprement construit et
entretenu eni*'otat de prbprete r<5gu-
Here. ■ Nous sommes en 1911, et' bien
peu do' charbonnages sirion a Liege,
peut-etre,, n'ont' prls aucune mesure
que prescrivait 1'arrete royal' en ques
tion. Blen' plus, le conscil provincial
du'Hainaut'a vote* les fonds n^cessalr
es a une.enquete serieuse a faire en
1912; jo ne serais nullement surpris
que les' charbonnages ne boudent foi
teriient a cette enquete!
Le ministre Hubert saura-t-11 par son
administration des mines, les aiguillon-
ner pour les faire marcher? ° Je'Ie
souhaite, mais je n'ose y croire.    J'ai
|*r «,*"., I--*4
gique, cette maladie va etre assilmi-ie
a l'accident
Voici 1'article additionnel qui vient
d'etre vot6-a la* Cha'm'bre francaise a
ce sujet, le'13'juillet dernier,
"Les defenses m*idica!cs,   pharma-
pourle traitement des mineurs, at-
teints d'arikylostomasie, seront" sup-
port^es par -les 'exploita'nls de mines
des la promulgation de la pr<5sente loi,
"Pendant tout'le temps que n6cea*
sitera le traitement, les mineurs at-
jPlnrB_i,Qnmfi,A«+l-^j.o^t«^
Un reglement d'administration publt
que, d6terminera.''les conditions- d'ap
plication du p'rdsentjtexte de loi."
Les mineurs et l'oplnion publlqua'
peuvent "se rendre compte'que .malgle
tout l'on marche toujours plus-rnpide
ment'en,r6formes,sbciales en, Franco
qu'en Be'igique, Les deux principals'
raisdns dolvent etro les suivantos:
1. Le fonctlonnement de suffrage
universel pur et simple, un citoyen un
vote;, 2." L'ardeur que savent meltre
les'iriin'eurs franculs a defondre leurs
intorets'i par l'orgnnlsatlon' syndicnlo.
Les.mineurs beiges qui ont aussi los
memos intdrets a ddtondro, qui so son
tent anemids par ces maladies qui lour
appauvrlssent lb 6iuig, leur enlevcnt
toutes. forces de Ira vail commo pres
quo toute volontd de vlvre, los mlneurs
beiges, dlsons-nous, dolvent so rendre
compto une fois de plus quo co n'ost
qu'on luttnnt contlnnellomont contro
la .r'apacltd 'capitalist©, patronale
et , ' reactionnalro qu'lls pourront
obtonlr plus de vie avoc une mellloure
existence*,'  *>
Actuollomont, lo mnrchd dos char-
bons dtant fermo, la vlo dtant tros
chore, les patrons rdallsant toujours
do bons bdndfleos, il dolvent rdclnmer
uno augmentation ot un minimum do
salalro
La journoo do 0 heures on 1012, o'est
un peu plus do vlo, surtoiit si co temps
est consnerd* a l'dtudo.
La pension a nos vloux mlnours
flx-ic do suite a un franc pur Jour,
o'ost pour oux dcnlcmont nn pen phis
de vlo ot uno vlelllcsBo un pou mleux
OBsurdo,
Lea bnlns-douchoH en 191.1, dnns tons
Icb charbonnages seront aussi uno inn-
suro d'hyglono qui consolldcra la samo
don mlnours,
L'nsslmllnllon n dos accidents de
toutos les maladies qui lo frnppont,
I'nnkylostonuilHo, lu nystagmus, I'iihIIi-
mo los nombroux rhiimallsinos, olc„
tout cola dtnnt rrfpnro' nu momo tltr©
quo l'accident, obtonnnt pnr lo rait momo uno Indcmnlld Journnhoro n'ost-co
pas dgaloment un pou plus ot surtout
melllouro oxlstenco,
Est-co tout cela n'ost pns ddslrd, vou-
lu par tous los mlnours, par lourB fern-
mos ot par lours enfnntsT
Quond on a un ddslr ou quo 1'on
veut quolquo choso, 11 faut trnvnlllnr
pour I'obtonlr nu plus tot. Ceux qui
no veuleut pas iravaillcr som qualifies
de paretseux.
Lo bon, lo mcillcur trarall a fair©
en I'ospoc© pour les mlnours, o'ost do
fslro partio do '1'organisation syndl-
■oclallstl medzl nlml. V«ru, nie ]© to CBl° d0B ,nl"*,"^,,' 'm' CCU5t «B| ne
pokne, kod' takl l'udla, ktorl patria do ,0 f?nt pn" ,ont d", can•Brado, 0«« «•
spolkov  avobo' domyMlMWeb,  Uku r1™!/" ,ral,!?,,tor a, mw{r »"««
oestu ukaiuju avojlm ■polkovym-bra- JB° """"l*. S!t^Z^'S^aV'
(oid rant toutoi lei roformoa cltees plus
TWO b7 il mal kaldy .llnmuf » nam ^ ttll^XL^T f
*lo hry kaMy by lanll© nrobll. ked' ^""r J'7"M"T a" «««•« «<« «*•
Kreti do leur femrn© «t enfanta; y «n
aura t II   longtcmptr   cnccr«!~-AIff#d
Lombard.—-Dana L'ouvrUr Mlalaur.
ShHMGim
•WCKIT ITSPt «MMM». Mm (Mta*.
mam* %m iiummv am *m—, m *twi
The Paper that gets there
y ./
■Cf Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired ;by;.' persous seeking
publiefty for their warps."    ..
1 %"( i -;,      ' T    ' "> *
1 j ■      ' ■*■ ,   '
<f Selecting the medium, is import-,
ant—the publication that reaches,
the people^—-the wage-earners-1-,
should appeal to the discriminate ,
purchaser of, space. ,
^ Its  an  easy/-matter to acquire
space in a paper but its another
point to get adequate returns from    ,
the outlay. y
*§ Advertisements that sell goods"
are the ads that,_chanP^lnft.mi ^pd--
■ I _ »      ■* ' ■-    "■ •—'' ' - *■ "
*,«
•^ '•
make interesting reading from .time
to time,, giving, facts and figures.
■Cf Any arrangement -of type, matter,
and words in a paper is not advertising.     A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of informa-,.
tion that will not be easily passed
undiscovered.    Discover your busi-"
ness. with the use of; Printers Ink.
•Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them woekiy through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through, doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
fl* Let the now comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
<§ The District Ledger has tho
largest circulation in the Pass and
should be your special medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try«
can't toll until you try.
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger S*5*".r
?>"""*
ISTftffli^'aft^ifoffitffra *#H$£iat£a
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PAGE BIGHT
TEE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, *    B. C, JANUARY 13, 1912
i-i
v„
EXTRA SPECIAL VALUES IN FOOTWEAR
Reekie's Black'and-Tan High 12 iu^Bbot. ' Regular   *-
$7.00.7 Special'$5 ;00    •"',   ' -W7'
Leckie's Black High- 9 in. Boot.'-Regular, $5.00..
"7 Special $3.00. \ ', ,y
Leckie's Low-cut Miner's Nailed Boot;   .Regular
$3.50.   Special $2.50.,- v.   -"'   ■'•""■        -7 .
" Men's Low-cut Miner's Shoe, hot nailed.    .Extra 1
Special $1.75.    , * *:
Miner's All-Felt, Congress Boots.     Regular, $2.50..
..Special $1.75. ,..u. •    y,
Men's Fell Foxd Boots, felt soles. Regular, $3.00
Special, $2.25.   .       .   ,        • _    " "   „
Men's Hockey, Boots in all'styles to Sell at Cost. '
LOOK AT THESE OPPORTUNITIES TO SAVE
MONEY
Working Shirts      1V     '• ■ '    ' " *
Heavy Tweed Shirts in Brown and Grey, all sizes,
collars attached; regular price, $1.50 ■ Special 85c. ■
Heavy Blue Flannel, single or double breasted, col- ""
„ Jars attached. (   The best shirt ever offered at,
$1,75, will be sold during this sale at$1.00.
Military Flannel Shirts, pure/wbol, all- sizes; with
collars attached.     These shirts will not shrink :
and will wear like' a pig's nose.   Regular. $2.00.
Special $1.25/'     ,   ,   7 -'   *
Suspenders, Mitts and Gloves 7      7
Men's heavy .working Suspenders; regular 50c.,'
Special 25c. ,' "• y..-..
Men's   Fine, Dress   Suspenders,   regular   50c
Special 25c.  .
.   Men's Heavy Wool Gloves, the .best 50c. glove we
have shown.this seasori^will*be sold during this,
sale at 35c.    Three pr. for $1.00. ' .7
Men's   Mustag  Mitts,   well'lined,' regular   50c.
3 Pair for $1.00. ■ .
MEN'S OVERCOATS
We are" offering our,"entire   stock s'of" Men's/'-,
•/'Youths' and Boys' Overcoats'at very'"low prices.':
These are.all new coats made in, the latest styles,
' including Convertable Collars, Velvet Collars   and,
Fur Collars.     ,  . ,.      . '    .   ,      .-._.
.Men's "Coats, ranging from $10.00 to $40.00,will
be sold at prices ranging from $7.00 tp $25.00 7
it
' Youths'""and'Boys' CoWfroin $4.00 to $15.00 .will;..',
,. i be sold at-prices ranging from',$3.00 to $10,00. ; ,.*. >
yy £ "'*y£-^ MEN'S ci^TmNG'^y ;=;.*,';y* *
y Our'stock" contains, a large, range*-of patterns 7-/
and styles.-'-; The workmanship on,our'garments■ ;
will'.be seen-to-be of-.the very highest; order ;\,a   ,T;
7. perfect ^ fit and good w.ear will be/guaranteedif,:""'
you buy-our .clothing.  . .-•<, ,   .7 J"    ".-..->  ^'-Sh
■' Prices are iiow lower ,than ever before offered,•
an-Fernie.   Prices from $6.00 to. $26.00 y ' ,'   .; >,
* ':'77.."'7;   . .   Mackinaw Coats.
Extra heavy "Mackinaw Coats, '.in Black .only. ■
.These.coats have good, high collars, and are good
value'at $6.00.': These are now-offered at $3.50. to
*~ If you' need a Mackinaw don't pass this opportu-.'
'• nity, we have only 25 coats to offer.
_,*,,-- 7   j7 Sweaters   y-y   . *   *      ;'»
"    Men's "all-wool , close neck Sweaters,in'plain7
-  Black and Navy; good"-weight.    Regular value-at
, $2.25.' Special at $1.00. ' ,S .-'"' '     *. ■>:
-.We also have a complete range, of Coat Sweaters,
Open Neck Sweaters and Short „Sweater Vests to
offer.--, v •.-"" ,  / ,'  ;,-' *     -   ',        J^
Specif in'Ladies' and Children's Felt-Shoes and
*7y-y°"   * /uPPe^'--77y^;yV''y
• Ladies WrAli-FeU   Boots,' laced.'^Regularr $2.00,. ,.-'-
■'  Speciai;^!;^.*/     '" .'y. ^/.v7'7 7 ,7*-,-;7**'',','
'-Ladies,' .'Felt'   Boots, ■:tosd^^^jg^y^n$.^y
Special'$1;45.' ;\    SS.\Syy .Syy.   r\.y)
Girls?; Red'Felt Romeo Slippe-ra.'jsizesS/to.lOyo..;
" Regular.95c." .'Special,' 65c. s, ,: •  7,- >   '. - \f; ■[
Child's" Red Romeo Slippers, sizes-4 t6-7y2... Regu- -
"lar,-75cV   Special, 55c* ? 7  '*„■ -   S'-\S    ;.   ,'
*'. All Men.'s and .Women's Felt Shoes and'Slippers.'
" 7 at Hig" Reductions."    '-;"'* y:     l    .-..-.    \"7:?r
' See Window "Display and Bargain Table y
>".  YOUTHS' AND.BOYS'. CLOTHINGy*
,We have Jackson's Lion Brand Clothing for boys,
double seats' and knees, both" in' English bloomer
suits and the" plain pants suit's.*   ,', These* are smart,,
stylish cuts, ancf of good material. - .;Secure one of;
these exceptionally cheap!Suits for your boy.while •
i'tiiesale is oh. ^Prices froni $2.75 to $15 00.^   .,,',.
'-, Coats and Buster Sweaters for the, little ones. ,
\\        Sale.Price from75c/,to $li35.   .7y
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-A'-»-' -".'
GROGERY  DEPARTMET
.   20c.
.   20c.
.   25c.
.   25c.
'.* 55c.
1 00,:
1 40.
.' - Royal Crown Washing'Powder, per pkg..
Royal Crown Washing Soap,* per pkg....
Old'Butch Cieanser, 3 for-.- .:.'..'.
,' Tomatoes,.2 lb. tin, 2 for ..." .7 .. .77
'Canned Corn and Beans, 5 tins for :.. \y.
Blue Ribbon Tea, 3 lbs., for ..... 7...	
* B. C, Granulated Sugar;* 20 lb. sack .-... ."
~ Toilet-Soap1; retail regular,,35c. to 50c.,-per- yyy':
'box ■-..-.-"..'. .'. ,• ■'	
Sauer.'Kraut, 150 lb. keg, each 	
~ -' Sauer Kraut, 4. lbs. for	
y-'Hi'P.'SaKce}-"^ pti", per botle '. .
' ; Gol'den^'Syrupy 5 lb. tin • •,-"•
Pickles;-; L gallon, sour •	
Pickles, *1 gallon, sweet , • ■
..   Pickles,' Dills, per doz. ..:...	
.,„. Orange and Lemon Peel, 2 lbs. for ...
';'.-. Walnuts^ per" lb. ... .* *• •
25c*
5 507?
25c.
,..20c.'-
;   25c.
;   85c.
*... 90c:
.25c!.
.   25c v
7 20c!
20c.
:20c.1
25c;
55c.
;,50c:
25c.
. 10c;.'
25c.
Armour's Boque't Bacon, 1/2 or side, per lb.
Brookfield Sausagej per lb. ........... - •
Finnan Haddie; 2 lb., for .... .7 .*......'.
Sheriff's Marmalade, 41b.' tins,' each v.. .V
Lard,, 3 lb. tin .;.,;.. /. 7. •••.:--- ..-....'•-•
Lamp Glasses, "A and B. sizes, 3 for ...."..
Royal Crown Lye, per "tin "."  -' • •
- Honey in* Comb, ^each   »■ • •-••,,
Hawaiin Pineapple, iy2 lb." sliced," per tin. .*  ,25c
Fresh Pineapples, large,size •"""'• " 25c.
Jap, Orange's, per box .'...;' ........,.;. -' 60c
Chicken-Wheat, per 100 lbs. ..'.......... ."■  1 50    -
Bran,'per ,10.0 lbs.'.'......".'.'...;--. ••.' 1 85   '
Shorts; per 100 lb:-\ .y'7. -\v-'--•••'•"•.;;'; ^"*45 .-.
Sterling. Extract," 8; oz size .. 7 .. 7. --.;• • - -7'   40c
Post-.Tqasties'. and "Corn Flake's,- 3,«for* ,*;:..' .25c.-
Robin Hood Rolled Oats, with china, 5'lb.      '7
packages ".. .'.-*.... ■ •: — •'■ - - - - .-, „ AUl* •-,
7- vWOWen'sWoterunde^
..* •-liFleece -.lined;-"union-,and':all%66l7 Vests ;and y
**, p-Drawers to matcn-.";„'■'-' .•- ■ ^'-Sy "•?■!.*;'/)*77"f \ 7y '-y
y: •-7.40c:Values for S..'.y.'.y77.777;25c„;r-1 •-,--•
.-,..7 50c .-Values'for .\i...V. .-.-7;.,...^ * -.350.'-^  \
"'• •;>75c'Xaiues*ior:7.;./y.'.r7:"i.vyX r:
'  J $1.00-'Values"; for ;.7....:,.'..'-....^'y .65c ^y'-\
- - i.25:^Values for * .'.'..-■ .7..*..-.'...■.:■ ■«'■ ,75o> -.y
"';" 1.50"   Values for .,.".. /.'•!'".'.,.'.' ."..v." ', 1 0.0',   v <
-.-*7-i;75 ;Valuesf6r :. S.7...V. y'.. 771.25' ;  *; 7
7, Children's Vests and.Drawers1■" ^  ,.     0"-
: 20c. Values,. 2 pr.\... '.v'.Y..'?.''. '•.'...- •." .aBo.v> y
,J 25c.-Valjaes, 2'pr.,7...'; •'-.'-'•;.•.••■ •*'•'•";;,-' • .'-15c;/ ',,*."'
""  40c.'.Values,,,2',pr. ;..;'.:*-.'/.'.-7.-':":'._.. "25c* "•-, ;
, " 50c;'.'-Values, 2 pry ..Y.l. ..SS .*.".>/; SBo.',,,-*,
•., ,65c."Values, 2 pr.-.."*;...:'.':". S7.7../.,\\' 45c> .
.Women's Flannelette Night Gowns, in white,.Phri-v.
and Blue; extra fulFsiies, and"specially well*made.;
, * Sale Price ......,.: ;75c, $1.00, $1.25, $1.50.7 ;
- Children's. Night Gowns,- for children. from 2 to' 14 ,
"' years; in White andc Striped Flannelette. Prices,-,
. Ifrom 50c. to 75c . ,.7 7 - '. *"■ "■'7:-..7'", ' [■ ,
"'Women's* Waists—Made from* fine; French De-" *'
:   "lains.and Flannels; Regular values7to   $4.00.";
;•. Sale Price ..;...; .y............   $2.75  \
$2,257 V,     'Net and Silk Waists .y 7\ '. $2.25 * -
1   ,f*Many,of these Waists are much less than half the-  ...
"' original price. ** ''    ,'       -,' " r „ > '.7,,,, 7'7' ,•■/"'■.
Remnants of Dress Goods,       ; '■-,_ '':7y..'
*"' " -',' Remnants of Flannels, ';, " ■." y ," /'' * ^ . >
r y    \7 Remnants of Wrapperettes ■■>{, ; •,:. ;'
"v.   ;'y "Remnants "of Prints   .'/** (7/7*-.
*.    .'r '*•■'• „ Remnants of Curtain"^Materials.
HOUSE WRAPPERS   Prices $1.00 to $1.25
$1.90     *.      7 GOLF   COA.TS-7 7 7-    -$^90*';
"' ; In Belted" Norfolk or .loose Coat styles; colors;'
Navy and Cardinal. " Regular value, $2.90. ,;Sale7
. price $1.90.1' -''^y'-.,..   7    .,    '7.   }\'SS":"
7   ...  CHILDREN'S DRESSES
', ' Dresses for Girls from 2 to-M-years of age; nicely
made,from a,-variety of.materials,.and in a good,',
7 assortment .of styles, y The* prices' range from' 50c
to $3.60lv Jf- this line ■ is/of interest to", you don't   •
. pass it; as every garment is a bargain. ^ \.
y '
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Western Canada's Great Northern City
H
Now Cities always mean new fortunes to thoso
who nro fortunato enough to get in at tho beginn-.
ing. The beginning of things is always tho timo
to mako money. In opening up tbo great Northern
part of Yfcstcni Cauada, known as the Pence River
Country, thoro aro most certain to bo ono or two
largo cities. Cities uro uhv'iyi*" phicwl whoro Nature and tho railroad have docided thoir location,
The Canadian Northern Rnihvny with thoir usual
clmrnclcriHtic foresight havo chosen Athabasca
Landing as a central point in the notwork of railways opening up tho North of Alberln. Thoy havo
chosen this point, bocaiisn, owing to its stratngoticnl
position it is the point wlioro "Hail moots Sail,"
thero bong 3000 miles of navigable water with additional advantages of natural gas and conl, and
largo timber limits along the rivers which already
gives employment to largo numbers of men.
Gateway Heights
Athabasca  Landing
G, rr >   1 1     •    1 i"(» .11..''I. r. I , *    * .,.,»..,.
lug ti couuHatidiii-f ^ti'mu lrlwd' yvu wl a ni^ca-
did view of the original townsitc and the .river..
It is, located just a quarter of a milo from tho ori-'
ginal townsilo and tho Hudson Bay sold the lots
ranging as high as $1,400.00 each., Wo aro offer-
ing thoso lots at $200 to $225 eacli on easy terms;
ono quarter caBh and the lmbuico in G, 12 and 18
months,
The Investment Opportunity
of a Lifetime
Athabasca Landing possesses all tho combined ad;
vantages and facilities that tend to mako largo
cities. An investor to-day is getting in- at
"Ground Floor" prices. Lots that woro sell' ig1
In Edmonton, Saskatoon, Lothbridgo and Oalccu-v u
few years ngo at $200,00 each aro now worth from
$2,000.00 to $5,000.00 each. If you havo missed
this opportunity, you must not fail to got in on
this opportunity, you must not fail to got in on
Athabasca Landing., Further particulars from
McCutchcon Bros, at their Fernie Office.    Head
Affllrtf.' Polr-or""-     M^"ftfl     ftth**■•"•  T*1*(**"',h   ofWnnB     fit
Torontri, T-.Tn-nHoTd, Eflwo-nttMn, Tlcglnn, "Moone .Tnw,
r «nd Winnipeg.
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'* Mr. William1 Barton takes this'.op-,
portunity of tha^feliig "his .numerous"
frlehds for tholr kind expressions of j
sympathy and'condolence In his great
bereavement.,, '*'•''  \ ,7
mmmmmmm
Qo\. McKay, coal Inspoctor, who during tho strlko waB away from theBo
parts, has returned to tho city and
haB roBumed operations.
Tho throo Hindus who nro charged
with nBBault nnd battery and theft of
$80 In cash, a watch, &o., from a compatriot, will appear boforo Magistrate
WhlmBtor noxt week.
OBITUARY   .
BARTON.—Tho' death occurred on
Monday last of Mrs Annie' Barton, wife
of Wm. Barton.' The deceased was
suddenly Btrlckon with heart disease
•whilst shopping ln tho afternoon, and
•xplred the same evening. Showas 37
years old, and„lB survlvod by her-husband and, four children, all girls' tho
oldest being sixteen years and, the
youngOBt.tlvo. ' Tho funeral took place
yesterday (Friday) at 2.80 p.m. from
the English Church. .Thompson and
Morrison were ln charge ot the funeral
arrangements. '7'
. McLEAN.—-After hn Illness of two
woekB at the hospital, Noll MoLoa'n, an
old roBldont In these parts, passed
away In IjIb . Blxty-fourtlr year, .The
deceased .was a carpentor by trade and
worked for tho coal company, for some,
time. Tho funeral will leave Thompson and Morrison's establishment on
Sunday afternoon at 2.45 o'clock. Service will bo hold at the Trcsbytcrlan
Church at 8 o'ejook,
MOUNT FERNIE No. 47, 1.0. O. F,
MI88INQ   RELATIVES"
Wanted to hfiqjr .the address ,ot,
SAMUEL   WILLIAMS, of Dockstoad;
Bermondsey,-England,'who left there"
six yoars ago. • , Has worked In,the;,
mines Vat. Michel, Beaver Creek and'
Fernio... Left-Michel for-Vancouver Ib- •
land.    Anyone knowing,ohis   where-''
abouts" would- greatly .oblige by' Bending same to his wife: Mrs. 8. WILLIAMS, co.. W ft,It. Jacob, London' St.,
Doclcstead, Bermondsey, England.   '
A. n. Konnody,- formorly llnotypo operator on the staff ot this paper, haa
secured tho position of news editor
of the Quolph Mercury, Quelpb, Ont.
Congratulations, Kennedy, nnd feol
suro you will fill the bill.  -
McCUTCHEuN BRub.
tn
:frmmymVTYY«¥Wm»t¥"l»kwV»""^
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W. S. Pearson dealres to announce
that the Fernie Academy of Stenography and Typewriting, will make Us
debut os Monday next, 15th Inst, Day
students are requested to attend at
8.80 a.m., and evening student! at 7.30
p.m. .I
There are several billiard enthusiasts among the literary gentlemen of
Fornio, and recently wo noticed nn Interesting match botweon a well-known
Lothbridgo cueist and a local scribe,
TTnfort-nnM/Mf t*h«re «vnlv hi-w>«n«d te
bo lit pockets on the table, consequently our end tell down.
25.000 LAUNDRY HAN08 OUT p*T *e<l fewer hours et work.    It II •» »»- -■».»» -.-» »-.«*»«-.•« •» - "--^l.-—*..-,•■- •*••■»■»-# — --«-..——. -
ON rrmKE IN NEW YORK WMl keowti OutjHj»^«*ar^«w^ •tMtfer^^^
wntmfin^tfor%tw«^nd twelve boort 80 far little progress hat been made wwhlng dew,	
NfTW VORH'/il»»'*n'-i-T*Wflt!^ftV
•U-ou-uBd laundry hands have gene out at work with ». breelt of half mi hour
on strike.    Their demands nro batter]for Innch.    The sanltsry eondltlone
In the works are generally in a Ali
tor a •etttefnent, anil In the meantiiM*
hotel men and others tre tn » eut»
-irr
-sea
dary and already In'Wiptfntte'itfJlts
'    " tlwtr
Advertise in the LEDGER
THE 1818
Manager Miller Is giving the patrons
of I'Ms po-mlar houte a treat theae
days.-1 The pictures are of exceptional-merit, from the educational view*
jtofnt, and sportsmen of Fernie.appreciate th* chance of ceelnf Uie pick
of the Philadelphia Athletes, baseball
champion*, For the coming week, as
•veil as for to-night and to-morrow
AtUtVkbaaad *»-i«tttlvw( we ate y-Jb^U-
ed some were good picture*.    1,   ^
Tho Installation of officers of the
abovo lodgo took place on Wednesday ovonlng laet In the prosonco ot a
fair attendance. The officer, who
conducted the ceremonies was I>. D.
a. M., I. B. Covert, The following Is
a list of tho newly oloctod officers:
N. a.—Jas. W. Qulnny.
V, O.—*Jas. MoNIcholai.
It. S.—J. P. Lundle.
F. 8.—R. Dudley.
TreaB.—I. E. Covert,
War—A. J. Buckley,
Con.—W. Bailey.
0. O.—W. Wortblngton,
1. 0.—II. Brooks.
n, R. N. 0.—A. Prentice.
h. 8. M. O.—II. Brooks.
IL 8. N. 0.—A. prentice.
L. 8. N. OW. 8, Cerbett.
R. S. V. O.—II. Bentham.
L. 8. V, O.—H. Jones,
U. 8, 8r-J. Oorl.
L. 8. 8,-Jas. BueWoy.
Cbaplaln—H. E Barnes.
After the Installations refreshments
wero sorved.but owing to the tnunfel*-
pat meeting being held on the same
plahVthe usual social had to be curtailed oomewhat, as mo*1 of the bojm
wanted to see tome of the fun.
SimmUI uiwiUuis will he Iield oa.Bfln-
itii aftefnoa at 8,50 for Instruction in
degrae work, when all are requested to
be present. ' '
THE "PRIVATE SECRETARY"    y
, AT.THE.GRAND THEATRE
On Thursday evening last C. James
Bancroft and his English ' company
kept, the arge audlonco at the Grand,
ln roars ot laughter In "Tho.Prlvrtte
Qocrotary." The principal part,, as
token by Mr. Bancroft gavo him.am-,;
pie scope to display his talent and he.'
mudo good uso of it. Of the othor
porta tho best presentation's Hmt,
perhaps, of Mr. Shirley BralUvwalto, ns'
"Sidnoy Olbson," tho Bond Street Tailor! Mr, Joseph Clancy, as Mr. Caiter.
mole, the cranky gentleman, wan likewise good.' Of tho ladloa Miss Nell
Cavo as Miss Ashford, a spiritualist,
was pleasing.
The company Is a good all-round one,
and should retain the roputatlon It has'
already made for Itself ln this country.
Wo understand that Fernie Ib In for
a long run of theatrical companies, <
Tbe noxt ono to take the boards at tho
Grand Is Joan Russoll and his devor1
company, who will, starting on January 23, give three performances In this
city,
Tho moving pictures at tho Grand
continue, to attract large audiences
ntghtly,snnd tbe management ls to be
congratulated upon the cholco ot pictures they present to tbe publlo,
fl
vfl
Tito largest consignment of fruit
ever skipped to this fparket has arrived and ll In the hands of tho rolall
trado for 0, gigantic Orango Siilb that
j-win (lomiMir-te Moneay nnii ifcfci
throughout the week.
Tho half page announcement which
appears In this Issue tells the whole
story.' ,       ■   *
Sunkist California Oranges 'are the
most setoff, fruit from the best groves
Inthe world.*   The prices are reason-
nble nnd nil retail stowa hnro ft'full,
supply."
Are yoa a student? If so, a knew-
lodge ot stenography win be ofinee-
timabl* atktstasee.    Vw p*itle*iHTt
'«
1
1
.y
)
ROOEItff.--Bern oilI Ja*. "IVk, Mt, - 	
to"ire iw«l l(tm,,&J&,Jlq—1?>,>]i d«!J-("PP'r. *^^AMjf«w-f of-Stenegrspfcr
tfcter.                                             laiad TypewrUlng.   SeeAdvt '
*OM"' j|t   -    *
V

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