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The District Ledger May 12, 1912

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THE DISTRICT:<LEDGER, FERNIE, B..C.,MAY 12, 1912.
■-. «■>■
H.W A YEARA
FERNIE MAN
* -V-',
Peter Winstaniey Found
On His^ Ranch With
Head Crushed in  *
ii*
CRANBROOK:, SEWER y,-. A7 A? -'
AA'A'"'' ''*' 7- STRIKE SETTLED
,.,-,., .-1- «, „.r—7;—y "<•-''.>,■ -,'"*,,<
' The 'sewer -workero*"*". of'_. Cranbrook'-
numberlng about'200,-; the majority of
whom are' Italians'?r Slavonians ."; and
French,, wenVout^on strike for. a raise
of 50c.'per" day? of ten hours,-or 25c.
and nIne"-hour "d_iy7,*They .claimed'
that Whilst elsewhere-in 3.' C. and Alberta men.at such.-work* are getting
$3.00*a'nine-hour day,* the^ Cranbrook
workers only got $2.50 for a,ten hour
day. * The strike has' been" settled;
the men -winning right but.'1 ' TTTiey are
now getting .2.75 for 7a nine-hour
day. - *. • A' „   - •  * s   < '
■81,
-,- The murder of, Peter 'Winstaniey
has .come'as a'shock.to residents right
along the Pass, where he* was so .well
- known.1 .Win-stanley' was- murdered
by an unknown assassin on Friday,
night iasiand was at. the time ranching-near tho railway track' about four
miles up the Slocah River from "Slocan Junction?A     • --' y i „"'
Rough gashes on the head,-one of
which, had perforated the-skull, and
two large Btones lying near clots'of
blood, and' one"- of' the .-victims,! teeth
on the grass beside an,adjacent stream,
told of the methods UBed by the'slayer
in carrying out the ghaBtly deed.,
' Robbery, was Motive* '"?•.'•'-
'.^ Robbery'was apparently the motive
., as the house was ransacked; two mat-
;   cheB- stained -with Winstaniey 'a. life
.-. blood indicating that the murder took
7" j?lace after'dark,. ,   Ay..     ■■,.,
''.."• ,    i    * '*■ , *   .""■"-.
,  \ ,     -, Drags Body to Cellar -.-
,*' From beside'the creek the assassin
' had dragged the body' feet foremost
' about 55 feet to the house, taken lt,
', along one side' and down-, some steps
leading lo the cellar.'■'"When found the
-/fret-were in the cellar and tho heal
-^lay on;the steps.;
. i"1")-'Fivedeep cuts showed,*where .the
- .murderer had.pounded his" victim on
the skull with the stones. One cut had
"• pierced' the skull making a hole ■ as
-*. .large as a 50 cent piece.-,,„There was
another bad cut" over the" right temple
,'Wnd* several" of Wlnstanley's teeth had
/.been knocked out. '     -_■'■- ».
y* -Enters House' Through Window <• ■
, -7 Taking some keys,*,-from, the tdead
-s-man'S"-pocketB"*thet*assassin7^nadTat~
,; tempted without success to "open the
; door of the house.   .He-then smasheil
s_ the flower' part   of?' .;'a ^window "and
cllmbf-d Jn.' ,-' - —'-«.v» t7—~- 77 ? _ -
*.     ,--. -' - ",    .-,.- .,,*^t.\i...-,.. *
Apparently    In - search, of' money'
1 Wlnstanley'j.--unknown-'. f»tayer.,-'v ran»
, sacked the building,' ''scattering, the
' contents of .trunkB "and. other recep-
■   lades over, the flo6'r7even tearing the
clothing,from the-bod? - Valuable articles" loft in .the house suggest that it
'was   cash, only   that "the -assassin
'sought 'A     '' -A   A  "'*•' •" ' ' •   ■
. To secure light for his operations
-the murderer had used the lamp,' leav-
.   ing as evidence two bloody-matches.
He then again; attempted to open the
u door, this-tlmo from tiie InBlde, but'
failed, and made his escape through
■ the broken window,' ■
,. Laa"./8een on Friday   ',*,•    *
' "W_hfltanley was last soen on Friday
' evening, not long'beforo tho murder.
°1b believed to have taken place,
That tho crlmo was committed fairly early ia indicated by the,fact that it
took plftce oulalJe tlio house with the
door locked, and. Winstaniey ln pot*
. MBBlon of the keys.
Winstaniey had been a rosident ln
' this part of the country many yoars.
He waa a miner at Coal Greek, but Just
. bofore leaving for hla ranch, about
five wooks ago, he was working In the'
mines at Mlchol. He was a Lancashire man, about, it} years of ago,
** Hln mothor, throe brothers and two
»Utor» (one Mrs. Brans) aro presently residing ln Fernie.
THE INQUE8T
After committing tho bloody crlmo
whliih resulted In tho murdor of Potor
Winstaniey at bis ranch on tho Slocan
rlvor on Friday night thin murderer
took from hio house a rifle, a watch
and chain aud a< ring belonging to tho
doad man's eon, according to evidence
adduced at tbo Inquoit which was hold
yesterday by Dr. W, O, Roso, coronor,
•Ko document of any kind waa found at
,    tho houso nftor tho crlmo,,, Twenty
conts In cash was all the money loft,
Wltnesioa told of tho horrible tnan<
. ■. n-sr in whloh Wlnstanley's skull had
been battered In by tho murderer, of
the hlood-atalned rocVs found boaldo
.    tlio stream whore tho foul 'deed was
committed and of tbo position of the
body when found, whore It lay partly
In a collar beneath tbo houao,
iAx.6_.sea waa living apart, nam bis
WllO «£<_ _W_}f   WlXH& DiiUUlMai* _i.«
not known.
Jury's V«n_let
"The said Petor Winstaniey came to
his <ioath by being struck In'tbo hoad
or partlea, the object of which we believe waa theft," wai the verdict  of
ttie Jury.     '»  '-. -    .
Paul Swlttlechunk ealdl that he bad
purchased 17 M acres of land from
Wlnatanler last summer. The price
was *^>,504, of which $150 was paid
ilown, fS50 Utiir an/1 |l,00l) at th<» nrtw
year.
TWO,HOUSES,BURN AT COLEMAN
COLEMAN. Alta., May. 6.—-Coleman
had a "(3,500 blaze this, morning. ;> It
was at that-end of the town known
as West Coleman, or Slav town. " The
fire started at .1.45 a.m. at the'rear
part of the fine* residence of Frussa
Monashak,,and so fiefcely-was the'fire
raging 'when- the^ family were - awakened they had' to' rush from* the burning, building and not a single thing
was 'saved, and when-they, made their
retreat,they were scantily clad.- ■ ■ -"
".The .Coleman fire brigade were on
the scene at 2 o'clock; but before-thelr
arrival the homes of"Antix Bltfak and
John Janigo were also burning, as also
were a number of outbuildings: ■
At aiyery low estimate the damage
wrough.wlll exceed,$3.500.'c'Thecause
of the outbreak is unknown.
SOCIALISTS CONTEST.EDMONTON
■ /Edmonton is to have an election
shortly, and J? R "Knlgh. will 'be the
standard-bearer. , ' Some -months ago
an election was anticipated, and A Par-
melld was the1 Socialist nominee,'.but
as he .cannot now-'accept nomination
the" first named comrade'will take his
place.; ,We understand that- Edmonton' ' is , f^st 'becoming,4 a'' Socialist
stronghold.' aiid , our - comrades there
will give all comers;a good fight.', B.
A. \Budden? who; was booked 'for * a
series of lectures. In the Pass is help-
Iffg^Knlght; and'hadrto"perforce can-*
eel his local engagements, r   ' ' ? **
i O
Becomes President of Dist.J8--Well Qudlifiedfor the
y      ~J ■ "   ■> '    -"y'-S ••'        -.-wy*.„  7^- ,y ..,• ,* J  \      )%/ ,
Positign-'Nominationsfpr May 31   "
and Election on June 18th
At a meting of the District Board
held ln Fernie today (Friday) _ It was
found that Clem Stubbs (acting vice;
president) was the only constitutionally nominated candidate. There were
other nominations, but the nominees
oi-. becoming aware of the fact'that
StubbB had finally, after much "persuasion, agreed to accept the'domination,
withdrew from the contest'so-as to
make his election by acclamation.
Since President -, Powell's '-resignation had become' public there was a
unanimous 'call- for _. Vice-President
Stubbs to succeed him,' and' it was
only the last few days or so;that sufficient force was brought to ^ bear*
upon him to do'so.,.*',?.    .A,
' There Is now a vacancy .for the vice-
p-esidency and the "nominations must
be'in for this, office-'by, May 31, aud
the election will take place'on June
18. Ballots,will be counted on Juno
27, and the elected member will take
office on July 1. 7 ■
• Owing to Board Member Lee's having moved from Bankhead to Coleman,
an election wll take place for board
member for that district at the same
tlmeas the vice-presidency. In the
meantime F.-Wheatley, of Bankhead,
Is acting ln his stead,' and occupied a
seat at the board meting today.
FEARED TROOPS ARE   ;   7
* MAS8ACRED
Terrible Reprisals In Lena Gold Fields
, —workmen Met .By Hail of
.'-'■'      '*" Bullets ■        ' -    7
...fc^tesss?*;;)*--
___i__.,N A m E,Dkt& IN Ec! NS RECTO Ry~A-
• ? ,'■ *- ••  - -'*   ". ..vr''.-:'-'
- -"'--" *-  —~ ift'\y. -    '
...The appointment £f'Thoma_r,H. WiK
Hams of-Corbln tp, be an '.inspect 3^'tqt
coal and metalliferous "mines'has been
gazetted, "7' .*..'.,>!.?.       "   "
VERDICT IN
' ST. ,'PETERSBURG," May.4.—The
Russian government is making .energetic ""efforts to'.'get-some news'from
the^Lena"gold fields, fearing that,the
entire detachment of 'troops stationed
there, have. been massacred by,'' the
workmen in revenge for the killing of
180 and wounding of 300 strikers there
two weeks,agoy  ,   , \
The gold fields are about 1,200
miles from Irkutsk; and-, lt would be
Impossible .to send reinforcements
there for another month, owing to the
condition of the roads., There are
only-350 regular soldiers there s, and
more than 10,000 workmen, who have
made threats.of vengeance for the
treatment of- their -comrades. Many
of these men are. political convicts
who have been in the fields,since the
rising of. seven "years ago. t ,   *y,   -
-The subject-is agitating the^duma
officials expected are Ash; Kennedy,
Assistant Grand Chief-of the Engineers";' Mr. Bell, first Vice-Presldnn.
Brotherhood Locomotive. Engineers
and Firemen; S. Berry, Vice-President
of the'"Order "-of Railway Conductors.
The men'we're again in session this
morning discussing the? situation and
will meet again to-morrow when the
officials' arrive."' _ y* - ' '
-Jf.was*. announced this '.morning; by
tho men? that the'representatives of
the American-roadsj,who had been appearing before the board, ..had returned to St.Paul, and that they were convinced that the, Canadian, men had a
Just cause.( * It was also given out
that Premier Roblln was very much ln
sympathy with the men on the stand
they, had taken,     y  r ,   *-'
The head officials of the organization' will remain in the flty until a settlement has been reached. -    >'
Xy
Jury's Finding in the
Recent Coal Creek
Shooting Case,
CITY COUNCIL
A GERMAN SOCIALIST
ADDRESSES HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES
FUNERAL OF OWEN JOINSON
Tlie* interment of Owen Joinson,
(whose death took.place in the Fftinie
Hospital at- Sunday noon, May 5th)
member of District 18, U.M. W. of A.,
and well "known throughout the Pass
as one of the, best soccer forwards,
took place on Wednesday from the R.
5 ' 7    ' „
C. Church. -• The Fernie footballers,
<*   * +
Seniors and Juniors,  turned out in
full strength, while Coal Creek players were,also In attendance.
The cortege left the church at 4.15
p.m. the order of procession being:
Members of U." M. W. of A., Coal Creek
Football Team, Fernie Juniors, Fernie
Seniors,' hearse, general public. The
coffin was covered with floral tributes
(among them being crosses from the
Creek and Fernie' clubs) while the
football uniform was also laid on the
shell. „
■ Owen (or, "Ownle" as he was generally known as) will be greatly miss-
by his fellow'players, but the sympathy'of all ls extended to his young
wife and her babe.   '*
HOSMER PASTOR LEAVE8   *'
PULPIT TO'GO INTO BUSINESS
was
The
Tho Inquest on the death of Robert
"Penson was resumed on Tuesday laBt,
all the members of tho jury bolng present. It will be rememborod that the
Inquest was postponed for the? purpose of hearing Walter Joyce,-thy fire
boss, whom Benson had wounded, Supt
Shanks, and Hall, tho partner ot the
deceased.
The first witness called' was. s flro
boHD Joyce, He gavo his version ot
the affair and was then asked a few
quostlons. He was somewhat of an
unwilling witness, < and when asked
what were tbO average wages, approximately, In tho .District In which ho
was flro boss, ho replied, strango sb It
mny appear, that he had no Idea whnt-
ovor, The fact was, however, drawn
from another wltuoBs that there wero
many men .In that section of Ko. 1
North'whore deceased waB working an
a digger, who could not earn the mini-
mnm rato of 93.00 a day. Is it any
wonder that men become deranged In
mind when In this boosted country of
"McBrido and Prosperity," a good,
practical miner Is unable to earn a
living wage?
Supt. 8hnnks, In reply to a question,
emphatically statod that whenever ho
kndw of a the boss, or any other official, to be guilty of bucking any man
ho would Immediately discharge that
official.
Hall, the late Benson's partner, stated that deceased had for somotlme
previous been la a despondent frame of
mind owing to the work being so bad.
He also said that Senson appeared to
take the treatment ot Joyce tery seriously, and waa of the opinion that this
Incident was the climax to an already
overtmrdened mtoAT.
The Jury after consideration gave
their verdlcti
"That the deceased (Richard Hen-
ton) met his death at Coal Creek, East
Koeiehay, B. C, at about half-part
el-vw. p.m., Aprlt 8!n<_, T9I2, by a
tn'let through the brain, bating shot
Vrnflelf trhllact temporarily Insane
^d"wjpartieF^noTire- coming up in-
',the>.national,electipns, this summer are
tak-rife'the" side of .the "workmen.'
"<y. Government < Iri Distress '.-""■*
The government Is'ln a state" of distress;, not only" because of the; fear of
•fc-Sna'ssacre of the. troops, but'&cause
the Lena tragedy'rhaB turned the light
on Its- plans 'for-.locking 'up' all dangerous ' characters I before', the - cam*'
palgn was well started.'1 Troubles on
a great scale'like those'which-led to
the general strike in 1905 are spreading ?jall over the country." Tho govern-
ment'e plan waB to arrest secretly, all
the.more active splritB in the-factory
,-co|onles around St. Petersburg and
Moscow;*'and even in the* more distant districts in northern''RU8Bia,"._UBt
as soon*as the winter began to break
up. I( Tho reason for this was tho government's alleged * belief , that tho
workingmen of tho country were pre:
paring a great uprising to protest
against tbo attempt by the czar and
the church to mako capital of . the
centenary celebrations of the failure
of Napoleon's Moscow campaign. Tlie
police, acting under tho orders of the
department of the Interior, began to
seise committees of the laboring men
who wore,working to establish a combination of the trades unions in Rue-,
ota, and this work ls ntlll going on,
although not, so extensively, the labor
men haying taken warning by tbo
bona shooting.
Whon police agents arrested a* commltteo at Lena a genulno war was
precipitated. Tbo local governor
placed the troops at tho disposal of
tho management of tho gold fields and
when a delegation of workmen went
to tho manager to ask why tho committee had been -arrested' tb»y wore
met with n ball of bullets.
Moro than S.000 workers had accompanied tho dolegatlon and volloy
after volloy was pourod Into the crowd
by tho troops, The soldiers did not
cease firing until their cartridge
pouches wero ompty.
What has transpired thoro since can
only bo conjectured, The roads are
In such shnpo as to bo Impassable,
and will bo for at loast another month.
By that time, It Is feared, the workmen will have found a way to kill
every soldier nt Lena.
A meeting of ,thevCity,'Council
held, on -Thursday evening last,
money by-laws S.111 'be 'yoted^on bn
Alay*27rtE?-Wit-iiregard-tb-the-school;
building, negotiations are1 now under
way "for the purchase of Block 44, as
the matter, cannot be^placed before
tlie'vote'rs'^efore it lias ben,obtained
b.^the"'cii^.>.*A.Ai^" V--:. ,-. -••
The City Clerk was Instructed-to-ad _
vertlse In'Calgary, and the-city papers
_fpr..a city* engineer, tbe resignation of
Mr. Potter having been accetped. In
the meantime H. Cllffe will act In that
capacity., "   ,\
.George Wright, of Toronto, whose
application had been accepted! to suc,
ceed Dick Hammond as':, city electrician, has written that he cannot now
accept the position. '
ThS Macaroni Company's application
for. a reduction in the power rate was
refused.
The' Medical Health Officer wrot->
regarding the deplorable condition,of
the "city dumping ground, pointing out
thiiHt Is'a menace to health not only
to Fernie, but to tho whole of Eatt
Kootienay. . Tho matter was referred
to tho Works and Property Committee
for prompt attontton, and work will be
started oh the dump en Monday.
"A filing.system wns ordered'to bo
iub'allod in tbo CItv vault, coat not id
exceed $235.00. '
, Wm, Barr made application for
expenses entailed by him whilst attending court whon the two boys were
charged, recently reported ln our columns.    Tho lottor was filed.
- C. Wesley Owen was" appointed
Pound Master. Ho is to rocolvo' 50c
for oaoh dog poumlod, tbo foes for
cattle to be according to by-law.
Tbe dues-paying party membership
Ib Belgium has Increased In one year
from It-TJM to 114,02..
Mrs. Losllo Mills and baby left on
Thursday * last for Providence, Rhodo
Island on a visit to hor mother. Mr.
Mills accompanied thorn to Medicine
Hot.
» Karl -Legien, the great Socialist and
labor official of Germany, was given
the floor of;the House' of Representatives to deliver an" address to our lawmakers.
Leglen's address to the House is reported as follows:
, "I want first - of all to thank you
most heartily .for the honor you have
granted me, or rather,to the organized
workers of Germany and of the'civilized world,- by inviting me to address
the popular branclTof the Congress of
your great nation. ,   '■
"Unfortunately," T am not in a position to speak to you on behalf of the
entire German nation because of" the
strong differences existing between
various political'" parties ■ of our country, ' However; I*can convey to you
the greeting of the united labor movement of 'Germany, which represents
more than 2,500,000'trade unionists
and over74,500,000 votes out of a total
of*11^000;000r^AlBOrI*greet"yoU"iir'the""
name^of the International Labor Secretariat, which is composed of national
unions of twenty'countries with an ag-„
gregate membership Lbf 1,000,000 wage
earners,, the/American Federation, of
Labor,Included? ;„ „    7 ,   ,,7    7
f'"Permit„me to, state that the or.,
gaiilssed. workere do not only-stand,
for" progress-In their, respective countries, but also'are the strongest advocates of peace among.nations. v Our,
party In'-the German Reichstag hae
often- brought pressure upon the government to avert war by getting Into
friendly-, communication with , our
neighboring countries. Our party has
consistently,opposed tho policy of Increasing armaments,
( "The labor movement tho world over
alms at tho bringing of universal
peace Instead of allowing nations to
rival with ono another In securing
the" latest weapons to murder one another. -       .  ' '
"Our labor movement hns for years
furnished legislation for tho "protection of workers, education and the
general uplift of humanity. Wo' are
full of, hopo when wo note tbat tbe
samo efforts are bolng directed ln
every civilized land. Such legislation
fosters good will and will mako It
posslblo for tho human race to achieve |
tho highest state ot civilisation."
' A fow years ago' tho lower house of
Congress would have Bdorned to por-
mlt a Socialist to address tho patriotic
body of America* But tho world Is
moving, w>d even Socialism that was
onco spurned, has become so formidable as to command rospoct.
^ Last Thursday evening a surprise
party/" consisting of about 20 ladles
and gentlemen, members' and friends
of the Methodist Church," at Hosmer,
visited Mr J Brownrlgg's home. Their
object was two-fold, to say"farewell
to,' and present. Mr. J. ,W.' Roberts
with a small'token of their respect and
esteem- on his leaving the work of
pastor to go into business ln Regina.
Mr. Brownrfgg made; a< brief Bpeech',
in which he spoke highly of the splendid service which Mr. "Roberts'had
rendered to the-church and-cause in
Hosmer, and* concluded by presenting
him.with a substantial-purse•• as a'
small Indication of the people's warm
regard for Mr. Roberts,- both -as pastor and man. u Mr. Roberts' fittingly
repli-od, thanking everyone "in-a neat
little• speech." Mr. W..E. Smith and
Mr. B, H7 Wallace followed with ap-'
preclative,.v remarks bn • Mr Robert's
work, and excellent qualities. • The
hostess, Mrs. Brownrlgg,,.then provid-
"ed-her_piestBA^it_i^a''_a6s'_^njoyable"
supper, and a very pleasant and jolly
evening was concluded with games.
USE GUNS
o . '.       *    ,A   *' *
o      * y
Hard Coal Fields Scene
"•*   . *
of Rioting and Many
-Broken Heads
News,comes,from Philadelphia that
some* rioting occurred on "May 7th ia
the Scuylklll .Valley region? and out- -'
breaks were  reported  from   several
other.points ln the hard coal region. A
feeling of unrest has prevailed throughout tho region ever since the pro-    '
posed agreement between the opera-   -
tors and the miners was made public,
and Idle miners, who charge that more"  ;
men are at work.ln.the varlouB collier-''".
les than are necessary for mere 're-
pair work, made riotous demonstra-">
tlona in Shandoab, Mount Carniel, Ma-
hony City, and Jessup, the latter a" '
small town near Scranton.
A mol) of 400 men raided the St.
Nicholas and Maple Hill colllerleB, •
among the largest ln .the region, and
ordered all men found there to cease
work. Those who demurred were
roughly handled, and several were bad- '
ly beaten.
At Shenandoah peace was maintained by a squad of State"pollce.'under '
command of Lieut. McNalr.    The for-   .
elgnera in that locality are reported. '*
to be In an ugly mood and a mob of, •'
about 200 men visited all the mlneso-
In that vicinity and ordered all work
to cease. *'     -        - „ ,    *
Officials of the Mine Workers' tin-'
ion .addressed the crowds in various,
sections and urged a policy of peace
and order.' - ' 7'
A\march upon Harrlsburg to demand,
that Governor Tener call a special ses- '•'
slon of the Legislature to order ,ah'e. ,
mines 4 opened, was decided on*, at a"
meeting of the * Socialistic miner's "at°_> •'
B.G. C0AI7
ES' ACT
'*.■-■   / <* '    •" -'
i v  .   '7,      .10
Many Miners Attend at
Fernie Examinations
> During the Week
THE 8, P. OP C.
A business mooting will bo hold In
the Library Room of tho Miners' Hall
on Sunday, May 12, at 7.80 in tho
evening.
JUDOE MABtl DEAD
TORONTO, May #.—Judge Mabee,
Chairman of tbe Railway Commission,
passed away today at 8._ S p.m.
OPERATIONS OP HILL TRAINS
• *-ri**rri ilnifrh fl«f»»**»i»* mmwmim
i§ i r l i    Vrtt***^    WI_T>I_WW   WiU>. U
DECODES DIG .S_.DE
WINNIPEG, Msy 7.-Tbe Federated
Board {pf the conductors, onglneors,
firemon and brakemon of Uio Cans-
<_-_.__ hoiit_.if-___U--.way. wn.cn app-.«a
to tho Government for a conciliation
board over the 6poratlng of American
crews over the O. N. li., received word
this morning asking for further detailed Information tfld as soon as this has
been received, will advise what artlon
tbe Government Intends taking.
Yesterday afUtuooa^lUe con-iulUee
was closeted with Premier Roblln for
aa hour, but decided that no definite
action could be taken not!! the head
officials of the brotherhoods Interest-
ei arrived la Uie city to-morrow.  The
TO APPOINT CHAIRMAN
OTTAWA, May O.-Wheu the West-
cm cosl strlko was j settled last winter, ono clause in the agreement pro-
vMai. tnr ."tn. »ppolnttT.#i.t nt a jv»r.
msnent board to settle any future differences which might arise. Ono mombor was to be appointed by the men
and one by the employers. They
were to choose a permanent chairman
and, falling an agreement, he was tn
be appointed by the Minister of Labor. ■'.
Yesterday a joint telegram, signed
by W. J. McLean, secretary of the
Western Cosl Operatora' Association,
and Clement Stubbs, aellng.presldont
of the U. W. W. of A., was reeetv«d by
the Department of Labor, taking tbat
a d.Al._u_,tt U uaowMl, a* tbey failed
to agree. Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor, was eat of the city, at
(ending tbe funeral of the late Judge
Mabee, tint on his return the matter
wll! be dealt with.
SIX MONTH8 POR MANN
Syndicalist Agltstor Is Pound Guilty
of Trying to Influence Ooldlsrs
MANCHESTER, Eng„ May O.-Tom
Mann, president of the Syndicalist EJ
ucstlonsl league and labor leader,
was today found guilty In tbe court of
asBlzos of having ondoavorod to Influence British soldiers from their duty
and was sentenced to six mouths' lm.
prlsonmont Mann was arrested on
March 21 after he had delivered a
speoch st flalford In sympnthy with
tho coal strikers,
Tlefrtn. belnr sont«ncr>il tho tnhnr
leader addressed the court. lie ar ..tied that when acting undor civil law
soldiers were only cltlrens and .-on.
mands given Ihem must therefore te
lawful commands. He denied he twi
endeavored to Influent* soldlere from
the performsnoe of their duty.
Tho following candidates have this
week Bat in Fornlo for' examination
under the B. O. Coal Mines Act:
First Class
,Wm. Hutchinson, Hillcrest, Alta.
\ Ed. Roberts, Blairmore, Alta.
Allan Hamilton, Beaver Mines, Alta.
Wm. Shaw, Canmoro, Alts.
H. E, Malrd, Coal Crook, B. C.
L. Parker, Bollovuo, Alta.
W. Watson, Coleman, Alta.
Socond Class
Sam Richards, Corbln, B. C.
Joo Lane, Coal Crook, B.C, !
Jas, Touhoy, Mlchol, B. C.
Wm. Whltehouse, Mlchol, B. C.
Chas. O'Brien, Coal Crook, B. 0.
Mat Littler, Michel, B. C.
Is. Hutton, Bellevue, Altn,
Jno. Hutton, Bellovuo, Altn.
Goo. Hill, Coal Crook, B, C.
Car. McNay, Fernie, B, C,
Third Class
Joo Sandlno, Bellovuo, Alta,
Robert Fowler, Hosmer, B, C,
Bd. Roylo, Michel, tt. C,
Kll Tune, Mlchol, B. 0.
Jno. Bell, Conl Creek, B, C.
Wall Starr, Fernie, B. C.
Wm. WalkJns,1' Pernio, tt. C.
13. T. Davies, Coal Creek, B, C.
Alor McFegan. Conl Creek, I!, (i.
Jss. McLauchlan, Coal Creek, 11. C.
Jas, Steel, Coal Creek, B. C.
J. T, Pucky, Conl Creek, U, C.
W T. Rankin, Hosmer, I). (3.
Jas Maltman, Hosmer, B, C,
Thos. llann, Coat Creek, II. C,
flan  Wm*   Wtnhnt   T.   P
Examiners:    Evan   Evans,   T
Bnaraolcin?-!. was 'aecTdedTo^lnvlte^
all"the miners in? the region to marcll'.
to tho 'capltol  to  demand \that the
mines bo run under State control..    \
PHILADELPHIA? Bay '8.—The'sit-'
nation.In the anthracite coal region Is
believed to be 'growing more -serious,
hourly. t     To-day's shooting *ot three-
foreign speaking mlner_?at MIncrsvllle- -
by stato7 troops bad-the effect of'embittering the foreigners.     It Is said
tonight that two of the men bave. absolutely no chance of recovery., ,At a-
meeting held tonight ln Mlnersvllle, at
which  all   Americans   were"- barred, \
throats were made against tho troop- .
ors nnd the miners assembled say tbat
thoy aro determined, to prevent'work
being dono at any of tho colllerleB In
(he Mlnersvllle section to-morrow.   It
Is fofircd that If the troopors attempt
to carry out their avowed intention
to search tho foreigners' homos   for
firearms tomorrow It will moan a day
of bloodshed for Mlnersvllle.,
LATHI.—Scranton, May 10.—Tliero
was serious .trouble at tho Cayuga
mlno, ot the Lackawana Coal Company, this morning; Forolgn mlno-
workom, womon and children, stopped
mon from going to work, and on the
local pollco trying to disperse tho gathering thoy wero attacked and some ,
badly beaten. Tho state police rallied to tholr aid, guns, wore used freely
snd sovoral wounded.
"IN WYOMING."
Williams, 1).
cbsn.
H.
O. Wilson, nnd R fltra-
LAB Oft TEMPLE POR CALOARY
CALOAlir, May S.—The Calgary
Trades and I-_-.t-.or Council has ,-"*.•
chased a site on the south side of
EU.V4-UU. Avenue, between First and
Second Streets, easL as a site for Its
proposed labor temple. Plini and
specifications are being prepared for
a building to cost from 175,00 to ISO.-
tm.
John Wauamaker, the New York
and Phlladelnhtn r*.i_ll murcbant. nn
one occasion said:
"If there Is on esrth anything that
a quitter should leave alone It la advertising. To' make a success one
must be prepared to stick to It, like
a bsrnacle on a ship's bottom. Ad-
v«rtUlng doe.n'l K'CVt', lt pulls. It
begins very gently st first, but the
pull is steady. It Is likened to a
team pulling a beavy lead. A thousand tpaimodl?., Jerky pulls win not
budge the load, while one-half the
power In stesdy effort will start and
I keep it moving.
"In Wyoming" Ib a romantic drama
whor-sln western llfo Is most admirably doplcted. It has nn ln.eroi.tlng
plot, which is new, and thero Is enough
c6mody In each scone to keep the
audlonco In excellent humor from tho
rise to tlio fall of tho curtain, Any
ono who ever saw llfo on tho weutcrn
plains will readily undor«tnnd how
renllRtla tho sconos nnd Incidents nro.
Tho story has fo do with cowboys and
their loves nnd hates, but It In by no
moans n ohcrtp, rampant melodrama.
On (ho contrary. It Is nn absorbing
Btory of real wentern llfo, truo to tho
west, nnd Is presented In a most, admirable manner by an exceptionally
clover company, There are no kill.
ltiKD, no rod fire, no burning of powder, for "In Wyoming" depends for
Its groat success upon first-class act-
Inir, Th« rnmnnnv onrrlon n torn.
plots iconic enulpment for ench net,
and It may safely be said thnt this
will bo one of the real dramatic treats
of tho year. It comes to tho Grand
Theatre next Monday night.
RETURN   THANK8
' Mrs, O, Joinson, Mr and Mrs. Join-
son, and all members of tho bereaved
family wish to tender their sincere
thanks to all for the many kind ox-
pre. slon ot Hvin|ia__>y extended to
them upon the death of Owen Joinson.
JJdlson hss completed an Invention
which maW It pocstble to have moving pictures at home. About tbe only
thing thnt cannot be bad at bome now
Is homo life,—-Chicago Record-Herald.
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*-?/-A
-?:■ ,p ■
The SOCIALIST PARTY
A BIT OF HISTORY—By ROBERT. HUNTER   _
The attitude which,Socialists should
take toward trade unions-has-been a
'„ subject' of' endless discussion in the
councils of our party. In all meetings
and conventions of- Socialists the
Trade .Union Resolutions, have awakened-a bitterness that seems to,many
new Comrades difficult to-understand.
- The older Comrades" haye not,. how-
'  ever, forgotten that, the trade   union
policy of the * Socialist * Labor, Party
was the chief cause of its complete
obliteration as a political force In
America. '.' ,   , ■ ,
By, a policy,;of- friendliness toward
organized labor, the Socialist' Labor
. party built up.a strong working class
>' political movement. It reached the
zenith of Its career in' the middle of
the nineties, and then it. altered its
policy toward the unions. As a result chiefly of this act It was literally
torn to pieces and destroyed.
The   rapidity   with   which   destruc
,    tion overcame it is startling.     The
Socialist  Trade  and   Labor  Alliance
■was launched In 18957- it was an attempt to form a new national labor
movement pledged to the principles of
Socialism."    It was    hoped     that it
would displace the Knights of Labor
and the American Federation of Labor:    This   new organization aroused
the   most    bitter    controversy., , 'Although endorsed by the Socialist Labor party convention of 1896 the dissensions which it created' in "the Socialist' movement must ever remain a
v.a_h'ng to those who believe that the,
attitude of Socialists toward labor organizations is a matter of iittle moment.     Indeed,- the   present Socialist
party, owes its' very existence to the
■   anti-union policy of the Socialist La-
" bor party.     The   first   act   of ■ the
, Rochester Convention, therefore,   was
to repudiate' the Socialist Trade and
. Labor Alliance anTl to proclaim ' its
- sympathy with the struggles of all
trade unions, regardless of national
affiliations. The later, union of all "Socialists opposed to the old Socialist
, Labor party reaffirmed this attitude,
and,, despite opposition, "it has been
1    the* policy of the Socialist party over
since. -   - \
At the national  convention' of the
'    Socialist   party, May, 1904, it was "declared: ,"The trades and labor movement is a natural result of the capitalist system of production and is nec-
~^^essar_yt"o~resi-st~tliy^_rcrF_rehmSiR7¥f
"   capitalism. ., ...... 7   In , accordance
' with the decisions of the International
Socialist congresses in Brussels, Zurich and London, this convention re-
i affirms the declarations that - the
trade-and labor unions', are a-necessity in tho struggle to aid in emanci-
patlng'the working'class, and" we consider it^be duty of all.wage workers
to join with this movement. 'Neither
political nor other differences of
opinion justify the divisions •, of the
forces of labor in the industrial move-
, inent." .   "
The last sentence Is of the utmost
significance. The Socialist'Trade and
Labor Alliance was an attempt to organize the workers on political lines.
Had Jt been( "successful "the , trade
unions wbuld\have been divided "Into
Democratic, Republican aiid Socialist
union's,' or at IeaS't Into Socialist and
antl-Soclallst unions, In every Bhop
and trade the 'workers would thon
have ,bori split Into political-factions
that, would havo ren*d'ored''nll .united
action lmpo_.s__._c.''" "Tho resolution of
the Socialist party' condemns riot only
political divisions in lho trade union
movement, but also'othor divisions on
tlio grounds bf opinion, whether religious, political or economic. It condemns all rival unionism arid puts tho
stamp' of Socialist condemnation on
ovory form of dual unionism.
Before tho national convontlon of
tho SoclallBt party hold In May, 1908'.
a now dissension hnd arisen In tho lnbor movement. It was no longor a
(juoHtlon only of politics, It was now
a question of tho form of or-
( Kanlmtlon, Industrial unionism had
launched itself In antagonism to craft
unionism, nnd tho advocates of the
new Idea nought to draw the SoclallBt
party Into tho dispute. Industrial
unionism was to bo tho pnnucoa for
nil human ills, It was to abolish tho
copltnllHt system and ,to usher Into
being the Now World. It drew to Its
banner ovory onomy of tho American
Federation of Labor, and, among tho
"Others, most of tho SoclallBt Labor
party mon who hail set out to "smash"
tho trado union movomont. A great
debate, look placo at tho convontlon
and finally tho follow-Jng paragraphs
woro adopted ns a pari of an nddross
to organized labor:
"First—That tho party hns neithor
thn rli»"ht nor- thr. Anitrr- in '"..rrcferc
In any controversion which mnv oyIk.
within tho labor union movement over
questions of form of organisation or
methods of action In tho Industrial
strugglo, but trusts to tho labor or-
denization.. themB«>lv«>s to solv*> thr-M
questions and to evolve in the direction of ovor closer solidarity and ovor
more effective action on tho Industrial
Held.    '
"Second—Thnt It Is the Intorest and
the duty of the party to give moral
and maUrUl ftu.-_n.rt to the labor or-
. ganltatlons In nil their defensive or
ut.8i.ni.lvf. ttmiKKle* nantnst capitalist
oppression snd exploitation, for the
protection and extension of tho rights
of the wago workers and the betterment of tbelr material and social condition,"
This "resolution not only reaffirms
the previous position of the party, but
it adds a new point of view and that
is that the party recognizes the trade,
unions as a distinct, separate and autonomous organization to which the
Socialist-party has no desire to dictate.  ..    .     .
,       q * ;"■'■-
For years certain leading Socialists
had considered themselves as the.sole
guardians of the working class. They,
had the sole science. " They knew the
sole road to emancipation. -, They
alone were fitted by knowledge to as-
sume the leadership of all movements,
political'and industrial, - of the working class. It is noteworthy, therefore
that in 1908, after thirty years of bitter experience,' the largest body of
Socialists ever assembled ln national
convention frankly declared that, as a
party they had no business to. meddle
with .the internal policies of the trade
union movement.     * • „ >
In the Socialist convention of 1910
thc trade union question came up
again. This time it appeared in somewhat more subtle form.,- The advocates of industrial unionism urged
that the party point out to the" working class the advantages of industrial
organization. . This was apparently
inoffensive, as not only nearly, every
member of the party, but the vast ma-
jority ofcthe trade unionists believed
in the industrial form'of organization.
Nevertheless, the party ,rigidly- adhered to its previous attitude and
again definitely asserted that It -has
"neither the .right nor the desire to
interfere in any controversies which
may exist "within the labor union
movement."
The- position of. the Socialist party
is, as we see, unmistakably, clear.
During its entire history' it has kept
faithfully to its original position. It
has again and again debated the question at length. The opponents of the
party's policy have assailed Its position from every angle, yet every time'
they have- gone down to defeat.
I shall attempt in the articles that
follow to go more full into this "vital
question, and shall endeavor to show
that,the policy of the party is founded
not only upon the best thought of the
chief. Socialists, from Marx to Bebel
and Kautsky, but that it is also the
practice of .every European Socialist
movement.      '-''-.-
The-Socialist party*; is nothing and
should come to nothing unless it be
the real political representative of the
working class. It is certain,, therefore that it must maintain the closest
relationship with .all-other organized
movements of the working class. The
strongest bonds of sympathy and fellowship should exist, between the
party and the unions.
But tho trade union has-its own
great role to'play, and it must never
forsake its proper work In the effort
toi becomeAa- political party, nor
should it ever allow itself to be .used
as the tool of any pnrty. ' Neithor
should the party forsake Its 'proper
work and attempt to become an Industrial movement,, or, Indeed, use Its
power to .meddle with tho Internal
pollcIeBof tho trndS unions..
This Is, as I shall show; .the, position ' * bf the International Socialist
movement. Wherever any other policy, has been adopted on the part of
either tho party or the unions—theso
two great armB' of the working clriss—,
tho result has been, always to weaken
and sometimes, to destroy either the
ono or tho other. A  "
11—THE VIEW OF KARL MARX'-
In 1871 Karl Marx wrote to" Speyor,
who wns then prominent ln tho'American working class movement: "You
must romombor to gain, tho trado
unlonB at all costs." A few days later, ho wrote to anothor American So-
cldllst: "Tho International has boon
founded to sot up tho roal organization
ot, tho, working class instead of SoclallBt and half-Socialist sects."
Thoso two brief quotations from
Marx appear to mo to bo of tho greatest possible significance. If any working class loader had ovor boon through
hell, Mnrx was surely thnt ono, A
fow yonrs boforo he had sot out to
organize tho worlterB. At tho very
moment the abovotwords wero written
tho International' Worklngmen's As-
Boclatlon wob lho terror of all 'Kuropo.
Hut whllo tho princes of commorcoTnml
tho doBpots of politics wero paralyzed
by tho foar of this now specter, no ono
knew' so woll as Mnrx Its utter help-
lOHHllOSS.
It was being literally torn to pieces
by lntornnl dissensions. However
much the loaders hated capitalism,
they hated onch other more,    it Ib not
n T-tcflnnnt *^«n/^Tt«n'*', t« "or- "*. v '
or yenrs iWroy«.<. by wnrrlnf. n"tn, tir-d
Mnrx was undoubtedly undor-Jinliig at
tho tlmo he wroto to his American
friends tho same revulsion townrd sectarian Socialism that ho had export-
fTir.ul mrtr*» thnti tvnno boforo
And as lie drew away from tho bitter dissensions of the wnrrihg sects ho
turned with Increasing respect nnd
hope toward the actual orgnnlsed
movement of tho working clnss, in
1875, when-the various Gormnn orgnnl-
zation.. of workingmen met togethor
for the purpose of unity, he wrote to
llebel. Llcukncrht and others: "Every
action, every posslblo step forward, Is
worth more than » do«*n programs."
He then urges his Herman L'omra-los,
If It Is Impossible to bave adopted a
consistent Socialist program, to mere
ly join the workers in one organization without a program.
Iri -other words, Marx's idea was
clearly and unmistakably this: " That
the organization of. the working class
was the all Important thing. He did
not withhold his sympaihyand aid to
the working class because it was not
already "Socialist. -.He did not go to'
the working class with a certain program or be damned. He did not say
that the "workers must organize in a.
certain manner, or he would withhold
his sympathy. • In fact, there is not
anywhere to be found in Marx's words
or action a single thing to suggest
the sectarian spirit. "       .*■
, What, then, did Marx mean when
lie wrote to Speyer: ■ "You must endeavor to gain the trade unions at all
costs"? Did he mean that" unless
the trade unions would adopt tho Socialist program that Socialists should
attempt to destroy them? Did lie
mean that. Socialists should enter the
trade union movement merely to
make it tlie side'show of a political*
party? ', These are questions worth
thinking over, and fortunately " Marx
himself has supplied the answer.. -
In 1869 Marx had an,inter view with
Hamann, the secretary of the German
metal workers' trade union. „In this
Interview Marx said:* "The trade un-'
ions should never be affiliated or made
dependent upon a political society if
they are to fulfil the object, for which
they are formed. IF,THIS HAPPENS
IT MEANS-THEIR DEATH. BLOW."
•Nov/, this statement of.Marx's is so
absolutely contrary to the view taken
by, some of the early Socialists in this
country, and by some Socialists even
today, that it may well cause amazement. ., And some may , even ask:
"What in the world is the use of both-
ering with trade unions unless our
purpose' is, to make them Socialists?
Why should we attend union meetings
or bother with' the mere daily-- strugglo of the working class to better its
hours,and conditions unless our enl
and aim is to make the trade unions a
S.uiiist' movement?"
Such questions- serve merely lo
prove one thing: • That the men who
asK ti'em , have never grasped ' the
philosophy of-Marxian Socialism. Here
and there a man of the middle class
may be converted to Socialism, thro-
ugh appeals'to' his heart and consci
Within the past few months g
over 100 persons have written g
to the Zam-Buk -Co. reporting;
their cure of eczema, rashes
' and skin diseases by. Zam-Buk 1
" Doesthisnot prove that Zam-'
Buk is something different?
Don't you need it in your
household?
Miss Mary McCuaig, 913 St.-Caih- ■
erino Strevt   W.,  Montreal,   says:
"I do not  know  words powerful
.enough to'express my gratitude, to
Zurul.uk.- Eczema broky out on'my
scalp nnd hands. Tho irritation of
tho scilp was so bod that I could not
Bleep or rest, and I feared-1 should
havo to lmv« my hair out off. On
my - hands the disease appeared in
sore patohes, the burning and itching
of -which drovo me many times to
spoils of weeping; I went to the dispensary, hiut they, referred me to a
ekin specialist, who said ;tha,fc mine
was as bad a case of eczema as he had
scan. He gave me some ointment,
and then a second lot, but neither.,
gavo nie any relief. - ,
" I was in a very bad condition Mien Zam-
- Cuk was introduced, but I soon found out
that it wasdiSerent from all the other remedies. - I persevered with the Zam-Buk treat-
., ment, and each box did mt more and more
" (rood. The irritation and emartinp- soon disappeared, then the sores began to heal-, Ireth
healthy skin grew over the parts which had .
' been tore, and I am now quite tree from all
tracet of eczema, both on head and hands.
My hair hat also been saved." \   '.. t, *
Zam-Buic ll also a Hire cure for pil<-a, eruptions,
blood-poison, cut., burns and all akin lnlurles, "50c.
all druggist* and atoras, or Zam-Buk Co., Toronto. ■
forptioo. Refute tubitltutea.
ence, but' the mass of theTworl_ing
class .will be converted to Socialism
hy their actual-struggle against tne
capitalist class. ' By organization they
will learn";their need of each'other.
"By actual effort to improve their condition they will learn the hard facts
of Socialist society. By.'trade union
organization and by the results "of
their struggle will they learn the need
of political actios.
"The trade unions," says Marx,-"are
the schools for Socialism hy means of
tho Incessant struggle against capitalism which is being carried on before
their eyes. . HE the trade unionist:
BECOMES ,'A SOCIALIST WITHOUT
KNOWING.IT." - I urge the readers
to notico ono point, Marx docs not
say that trade-unionists will become
Socialists by, books, hy speeches or hy
resolutions, by attacks' on tho union,
by bitter dissension between Socialists
and nntl-Soclhllsts In tho union.. Not
at, all.,. T|io trado unionist will be-
como a Socialist WITHOUT KNOW-
ING IT,'AS A RESULT.OF THE IN-
CESSANT STRUGGLE AGAINST
CAPITALISM.    '
In the time whon Marx was most
nctlvo In tho lahor movement, thoro
wero, sayB,Kautsky, "many Socialist
sclioolB, «ach Bwoarlng to tho gomilno-
neBB of Its own patent pill for tho euro
cf all,tho Ills of sooloty,'and each
trying to rally tho workers around
ltflolf, Tho various schools woro al
war with ono anothor and woro thus
instrumental ln SPLITTING the, work-
in),  classes  rathor than  It.  unltlnt.
them."      "It thus' noomod to
Marx," says Kautsky, "that to save
tho* trado unlonB thoy muBt hold aloof
from political organizations."
Suroly thoro is nothing moro nstnund-
lr.B than tho manner in which mnny of
our oarllor Comrades, whllo claiming
to ropronont tho 'teaching of ICnrt
Marx, violated ovory prlnclplo of Mi
faith. For yearn thoy Bought ta ubo
(ho trndo unions for political onita.
T'or youre Bome of thorn endeavored tn
split tho working clues Into warring
Bocts, ' Por yoarB thoy wont to tho
workorg with tlio orthodox faith,
threatening that If tho workers would
not accept that faith without quoitlon
thoy would «orvo upon thorn n Bontonco
of uttor damnation,
Curiously enough, thin tolorant and
fanntlcnl zonl of tlio enrly SoctalUtB
.,_._. ihniiitii to tin. jviiKimu upoaning
counlrici. A ad IL i' t'LJt; fcusQu tor
Hb provnlonco Jn thest. <ounlrlc» wna
undoubtedly Ivocnuso In both England
nnd Amorica tho onrly SoclnJlBts found
In tho flold ahead of them n power-
».  11.        ,..,„!... .   ,
..,*..._   ij.tvu.ri,'-)*,,'*   «v,n,ii,h  v.iat,_>  luOltr
ment. Naturally thoy went flrit to
those organisations to convort them
to tho now doctrines, nut Instead of
looking upon them ns nn unconficloiiB
nnd highly working out of tho Marxian
dortrl.iea, thoy Insisted upon fhtlr on-
llro roorxanlullon nnd the adoption of
ft Socialist program. Tho SorlnJIntd
declared their poiltlon was tho orthodox one and nil othon were herotloi.
Tho Impatience nnd fanAtlcUm of then,
early Soctallata was never better dec-
crlb#d than by Bngtlt, the Ufo-lon*
friend and companion of Man:
"The S. D. Federation here (England)," says Engels,' in 1894, "shares
with your German-American Socialists
the distinction of'being'the only,'parties who' managed to reduce' Marx's
theories of "development to a rigid orthodoxy": "THAT. WORKMEN SHALL
NOT PERCEIVE THAT THEORY BY
THEIR OWN WORK AND.'OWN
CLASS FEELING, BUT MUST SWALr
LOW IT AS AN ARTICLE OP FAITH
AT ONCE lND_ WITHOUT ANY DEVELOPMENT.'"'*"- Therefore,"' both re*
main sects,-and as Hegel says, 'Come"
jfromjiothing^through.nbthing-to-noth-
lng.' ".;*""     ?•   '    ., A * * - - "
i .
And-that is* exactly what happened
until the present Socialist party was
launched with its-policy "of giving all
aid "possible" to*5' every* rni$vem*erit> of
the workers regardless of their political or economic ?faith. That is "exactly-what happened, until the Socialist party gavel up the old policy
of meddling - with the internal problems' of the unions and set out to
achieve its own great work of organizing th© working class Into one great
political movement.' " ,
(This article will be complete in four
Instalments, No. II appearing ln our
next-issue) , ,
MAN A MILLION YEARS OLO
That • the age of ' man ' Ib no less
than a, million years, ls tho conclusion that Dr. W., Alien St.urgo, president of tho prehistoric society of East
Anglla, England,' concludes from studios based largely on the neolithic flint
Instruments found In North Wost Suffolk. Ho says: '.'Neolithic man gooB
back to some'period between 200,000
lind 300,000 years, and lt would seem
that wo havo not oven then reached
the. beginning of tho, period. Drift
man was flourishing from 1,000,000 to
nbout 700,000 years ago. Nolther figure Ib a limit; the.latter flguro Is probably nearer a limit than tho earlier.
Between the ond of the Drift and tho
bbglnnlng of tho' Neolithic we havo
tho groat cavo periods, which would
thus B«m to havo occupied anything
from 200,000 to 400,000 yoars. .Behind
Drift man are vnBt ages of which we
nre only boglnnlng to got tho first
gllmpBOH.
"Hut It now B«omB evident that mnn
was alrondy on tho earth in early Pllo-
ceno timoB, and wo must not bo surprised If proofs ar© ultimately brought
forward t.ittt,gonuB homo boob back
oven farther than that. It has bo-
come almost n Bhlbboloth that mnn
flrBt nppoarod In PlolBtoceno times,
but . nfflrm thnt It Ib no moro thnn
Bhlbb'olotli."
Dr. Sturgo line found flint Instruments which ho contends wero scratched by glacial action. Thnt Is a
glaclnl geology, since Neolithic man
many InstrumontB of Neolithic "typoN
woro made, in against all vlows of
glacial geology, since Neollthle mnn
c«mo to Britain, tho doctor holds,
ti'i_i\j dan .won un ico ngo, not continuous, hut divided* into sub period* of
glaolatlon. Proof of tbla la found In
humanly worked flints proBenttnfi
uhnrply defined types ot scratching.
$100 Reward, $100  ,
The rptiWr,. .),|g j,,p.r w|]| bo pl«_t.4 10
-tarn lint lb. re la at I.att on* <1r.«(l«> dia«_.M
(hit  trlinrft lua  l,,...,   ,.,•_   t0 nrn \n  „||   .t,
.i'STV?'1 ,t,V.11 t'*'»r*h '•■»•"• CMirrh Co«
t ib« only pjMltl .o run* nnw known .*» lri* m. d-
tar tat-ml'-. fflfjirrh t),-ln« -i i».)nt.tf-i-t,)nnl
lf_.i""*'_.r.",",,,J'\ » c_ii_'I.i_IIwi_1 trt-itwmt.
_,.__..*■ c.,"r,l> ' •"-» «» taken Inirrntll-f, tfllef
•lire.tlr ui_i), tn.. Mm,,, ami mm.,<>■ »„r.«.|,_ oT
,«",.l'',''«l!tt,, l",t''1/ -Vatriijtn-jr, > Tho «in,n,luMi,n
M Ituilitlpir tip Jr.* rtwatliutlnn _.n.» twlillni nt-
li „.."_. '."£. '" *">'•" '••• WMpnrtuw mw
•« wain fal'h in k. ronl!.* nnwa Out «,rT
«rr*r Jlw> ll-intr--,) IMItn. fur »nf woe thai tt
fall, lu wo    n,„j f„r 1|,,. „« .....nMnlM..
A__Tf.i r. j firr'UKY a cr»., iwrfu/o.'
IM* _r .... r-i.j-.',... *«-(•
T_»t Haifa J'tkuil, i»U« ter cttiMllpiriM..
w
W- A. INGRAM
"Wholesale^ aid Retail
BarberShop -"V.."
■ ■*". „    /Baths,..   -   \y
, A   Shoe Shine   " *
Billiards and Pool
t Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazeiwood Buttermilk
, Victoria Avenue     .
i     ~7 •     '   \.      S.
FERNIE, B. C.     \Pho_ie34
,;y-.f£y.,fV-.>
General Dealers
Go otis
■ —r—1arid -^——
*   v        *      ' ' <■ "    ■_■
Living' Prices
Dry Goods, Boots,, Shoes
. ; /Men's Furnishings  !-]y
A Groceries^ Fruits and -.
? ^Provisions   A *V*
Beileyuey Alta;.
enT^
A * -, 'S1 "', " '• .rDealer' in,- ■.."' •*■■...*/ 7*. \
-■'    ' '■ i     • . -'*•<,
Hardware,  Stoves,    Ranges
Fancy Gopds?and Stationery
BELLEVUE
Alberta
FernierFort Steele
Bpiiig Cor, Ltd.
1.        . - -   -*.
Beer
and       i
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
jyiSS&w^wA '   - V?,-* N.*»
fismi&izsix.-.....-*    •".. V-«iS_.;_
A FBash of
Lightning:
7 Is Just as likely,tb; Btrlko
the house of the .unlnaurecl- .
man. ob that of bis inbro prudent neighbor.    No building .
ls lmmuno. '
.  ■ ' *-
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have    a ' lightning''
clause attached to tho policy. •
Then you needn't worry every
, tlmo tly.ro Is a tl.undor8.orn_..
I
M?A. KASTNER
Solo Agront for Fornlo
Hillcrest, Alta.
Glean^^ knd Conifdrtable
a    Tasty Meals
Choice Wines, Liquors arid Cigars
V H. J. CUNNINGHAM, Proprietor     . ■'•.,*
A/IBLAIS
!.     -   ■ '
7 "We carry a full line of *
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods"
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone-i03:*^'ir:   V   Prank, Alta:
Electric Restorer for Men
Phofin-ianol f«itor.i tvorr nervt In th* body
r.l!^?P"0,"01.to IU propir titnloni reitorei
tlm nnd viUllty. l'renuture d.eir *nd all »exu«|
weHicnem iverteil nt ence, rhoipho»ol will
iii.e you n new linn. Price I!)a box. oi-two fni
15, Mailed tn nnv addremi. Vha Buovall ttrnj.
t'o,. It, ..ittluirliiea, Ont.
Por Sale at Blaafdell't Drug Stora
of Flatware
Special-
Bone-handled,Tea or Dinner KnlveB, at |1.26 per half doz.
1835 Wallace Bros. Tea 'or Dinner knives, $2.00 per half doz.
% Doz.', only ..Dinner Knives, best plate, $1.75
Vi, Doz. only' Toronto Sliver' Plato Tea KnlveB, $2.25.    ,
1847 Rogers' Bros. Dinner Knives, $2.00 -per half doz.
Rogers'vBost Plated, Table.Spoons at 45c. each.
Wm; Rogers and Son Table SpoonB $1.75 per half doz,
1847 Rogers' Bros. Tablo'Spoons, $2.75 per half doz, '
1847 Rogers' Bros. Dessert Spoons ,$2.50 per half doz.
Tea and,Dinner. Forks, bOBt plate; .$1.76 per half doz, '
Wm, Rogers' and Son Dinner Forks, $1.50 per half doz.
Wm', Rogers'and Son Al,Tea ForkB, $1.75 per half,doz.
A.C.  LIPHARDT,   JEWELER
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing but tho Best In Fresh
and Smokod Meats, Fresh and
Smokod Fish. Dairy Produce, Poultry
Ete. Etc., iffo to
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
SIS Co-Operative, Coleman <£SJ
"The store that is owned by the people"
You don't have to live in Coleman to share
the advantages of buying under the Co-Operative
plan, Members of District 18, living anywhere
in the Passcan buy
Dry Goods & Shoes at Cost
with only the cost of-handling added.   The best of
everything, made and sold undor good conditions.
t
i
\i
i\
<il
You ean save 20 cents on each Dollar
Beans TME DISTBICT LIDGEB, PBRNIS, B. 0.. MAY -J, .1912.
PAQITMfiBS
.As-
yy y y -'•■■
o^EcOnmmcs
ry    y   DodgMg the Mqmlssu&qridi
k
DeiatlSs
■ (-• 7
fc>
_.  •*
y .      ■* •    ^    77,.7?-.   —r
^ , K Is "remarkable,how' the opponents
of Socialism .dodge the main issue and
/expend time<,and~ energy bhc things of
small.Importance. . The'^bugbear pro-.
Ti'iscujtjt. stiii:,terrlfl^/l___i____i and. diverts their attention; but -what* it has
* . got to do; with making a living 'and
getting the full, product of one's -,1a-
yibbrs,}*which depends on the abolition
^'pt.jent, interest and profit, and the
establishment of a natural right never
'- yet known under any form* of civilization—free access to.land by every hu-
I man being In quantity, sufficient for
"- ' his needs—Is not apparent. - '-" This Is
what'Socialism Intends to do, so let
us keep it in mind as material for
meditation.. Ab Socialism, ..when es-.
tab].shed, will be what a majority of
* people, make It, can we not safely infer that what a-majority of human be-
■ ings have never done In any race or
, nation on the globe^lived In a stato
of promiscuity—they  never, will  do,
7 simply because'thoy have found the
road- to'economic freedom , and can
feed,  clothe  and  shelter  themselv°s
* in a decent:and satisfactory-manner?
To most people with normal views of
life, the home Is the dearest spot".on
earth, and there is, about as' much
danger of its being abolished when
cohditions exist that make It possible
', for every one to have a home, .is there
is.in the' fool idea that everybody must
.. practice promiscuity \ under^ Socialism
'., * because lt will compel them 'to, regardless of physical ability or desire. Meltr
Gott! what fearful things a purely economic system .does inspire.'    A com*
* munlty home will .never appeal very
,  strongly to the. average .human  being, for there is in such a natural de-
; sire for the privacy of home life such
as one finds in a domicile of his own.
. If I .wanted to got into a veritable hell,
;X- would seek It In a,community, home
where the private" life would be Impossible and, personal' antagonism would
exist and be^ felt, as they .'always are
* where people . of,- different tempera-
^   ments, characters and inclinations, are
..-thrown  in ..constant *;touch  with  one
"another?*   Herding.people in a cpm-
" '. inunity,- home' lute cattle in. a corral,'
. , .where they, must mix and mingle with
''. all. kinds of .their'.species.TtwlIl never
(
fl     ..;•
"work; and those who advocate it will
never.live to see It. .The terrors of
the kitchen have been, greatly magiilti-,
ed by, .romantic idealists? but that the
majority;, of womankind will, alwaya
prefer! the cosy comforts of a private
home when the larder can be kept well
filled under'Socialism, is undeniable?
If home life,, of? the quiet. and? retired,
kind gets'monotonous at times,'please
to reveal anything in life that "does
riot; but to exist in aboarding house
or a community home will not: enable
one- to escape-monotony of.,another
kind; and say .what we'will of'monotony, we find life far "more endurable
under steady employment of hands and
head when not driven by work and
worry, than in chasing the ■ Illusions
of happiness thought to lie in a surplus of leisure and the joys of being
one.in a crowded-community?of interests. No, brethren and fellow
mortals, the home is ln no danger
from Socialism, and it will not force
you to live a life" of promiscuity, nor
drive you Into any kind of church; so
calm your fears and cease to'be perturbed by fool Ideas that are-floating
around on the atmosphere of unre3t
and discontent that pervade the whole
world..'';'.?'
;Now, to get, at the practical and utilitarian side of Socialism, let us step
into the great woolen factories of Lawrence, Mass., and "Brother Michael
Steffe will.please enter with us. What
do we behold? Many and marvelous
pieces of machinery being managed
and run' by human beings.' Without
human-heads and hands to do such
work what value would' these .machines have?, No more than old Iron
in' a junk/pile. Deny this fact'if
Vou. can, and .then look at the treatment this. Indispensable factor,In the
creation of-wealth, receives. These
people' who .run these, machines and
produce .things Indispensable to.mankind, "are made" to work long hours for
barely enough to exist .on,,while the
small number of capitalists an'J millionaires who-own them, and live, lives
of leisure and inaction from the stand-,
poinf of -labor,t rake in- the enormous
values thus produced, and keep, planning how they can make:,'more and
more" put of their .human slaves; for
these. employes 'are as jtruly' slaves ,as
though'owned in body by their masters. Socialism sees this condition of
society ..and'declares It Is .wrong,' and
those who produce the,wealth,of the
nation in any and all parts of industry should" have the product* of, their
iabor." The opponents of. Socialism;
mariy,:pf. them rpoor. .workingmen. 4, §*#
people * without property pr. a - horned
to call their own, say'no.".the* 'system''
we live'under, whlchv createsf-mlllloii-.
aires and paupers and-will .insure" both"
as long as It lasts,, is4all, right,*; and
should not be ^changed. - .It is. j. the.,
strangest of strange things that thou.,
sands who-live from .hand? to1^ mouth'
and can'find nothing '■ to do^to make
a" living unless. Mr? - Capitalist gives
them work because he, can make.a
profit out of .their labor, should fight
and reject the principles ^t-Socialism
and condemn those trying to' establish
them. But they "do, and others who
are' hut little above them in the fierce
struggle for existence join hands and
throw' their influence on' the" (side, of
qapitalism and monopoly in 7 natural
resources, ' "-,'•   '*•'•• '"y'r--■'"•■'
-There is not a capitalist or■ a millionaire oa the face of this earth who
did not become such by robbing labor
and' unjustly getting what^others produced. Of course, tliey have,done lt
by law,' but the laws* that, enabled
them to were madeby their .class or
in conformity with their wishes and
demands. There is no man living
today that could be a millionaire ,with
out =unjust statute laws; there never
was and there never will be; and yet
the mass of mankind live in chronic
poverty and under restricted rights because they do not or .will not work for
a needed change. We can expect
none and there-will be none until, present laws are replaced 'by a different
kind, so every person who stands in
the way of radical changes which
alone can destroy' unjust, privileges,
and. advantages, is fighting his own
welfare unless he belongs to the-privileged class. Take the machinery
throughout the,world today that has
chained lahor to it and is making more
millionaires and ?. multi-millionaires
yearly, and note this fact; had not,
labor been steadily and systematically ' robbed, a? comparatively few"individuals could never have gotten control of it. . But they have, and its increasing power in the hands of a small
Minority,-means one thing with' abso-,
lute-certainty,,if their power ls not
taken from them by the people, at
large. It means the continued concentration of wealth until civilization
is destroyed arid we revert, to barbarism. * \
It may be that fate has decreed such
a destiny for mankind as long as life
exists on '.this old earth, for'history
and the .work of the spade iri excavating burled cities reveals the fact that
nations rise and fall, just the same as
races live and-die..'-. Still, we are all
imbued* with hope,'rand it compels us
to see and to* think that we can improve our condition and ward'off evils
that have been successful - In destroy-
-_ng--.'P'as.t_cl_YiI-zati6hs. A" '?Tl_ri<.    alnn*.
will tell," and the conflict between. Capitalism and.Socialism-now-on, will,be
fought ,to. a .finish; .though; our self-
satisfied • and"  extremely-  confident
frledd Steffee thinks ,his contribution
to. The Truth Seeker has^ puty the
quietus;,on Socialism and~brought;,the
movement to a co'mpleteTstop. ..'.Out
thls.way we cannot.see that his efforts
hay<s^ seriously Impeded. 1^- progress,
buVfrom Puinpklnvllle. Ohio, the "viewpoint may give results that escape^our
vision?1 But while he remains in "the
real estate'business-it-ifs,hardly possible for him tb have unbiased opinions
on the' land question,' so when he
would limit land holding, to those with
money to buy,,no surprise is created,
as there was when Eccles declared Socialism has nothing to .do with that
question. One'would think it had
when it* declares for the. abolition of
private ownership; ' which Steffee
thinks would be a bad thing, for the
reason that everybody is not "perfect
and.industrious"; a reason so absurd
lt Is hard to find a poorer one. ;
No- end- of land Is held in idleness
for speculation, but that is what land
is for from the real estate man's viewpoint, though how men so holding It
can, be regarded as entitled to it by
Steffee because they are "perfect and
industrious," is no_t, clearly seen. If
It ls "tommy rot" to' believe and as-,
sert that every human being has the
natural right to enough land .0 make
his home on, .while fate forces him* to
be a resident of this old world, then
to claim that he ls entitled' because
of his being here, to' all the air he
needs to breathe, is also tommy, rot,
for one is as necessary, as the other;
and ,the man denied a piece "of land
can exist ^only by paying some other
man for aplace to* rest his feet. Arid
this is'the position taken by a man
who claims to be animated by sense
and reason. 7, _ ■. < •
1 Where does the right come from .for
any man to demand, tribute from another before he can take a priece of
unoccupied land and' use it to make
existence possible? It" comes from
physical, force alone, for there is no
other fundamental right or basis for
titles to ,land and never was. • The
Indians were robbed of their land in
this country when first settled by
white men, and a paper title resting* on
force and fraud when traced back is
what makes' land monopoly- possible
and keeps the mass.of the people out
of their nature-given rights, a condition defended*.and sustained by,such
champions of ,th'e capitalistic system
as S.-effee and Eccles..'  ' .
Steffee, informs us' that. "nearly
every living-man"'can cwn some lani
if he has any will or ambition,. etc.r
the dead; you know,'.have a piece
given them, bIx- feet by two—but I
deny'It .with.force and-vigor for millions cannot'more, than half feed and
clothe themselves.. Let us look at a
few figures.-. Henry Smith Williams,
of^ew_J.o'rk._said_toLbeTa„well:known_
publicist and scientific writer', gives
them. " "Half the adult males In the
United States'jjiave an income' of less
than $500 a year • three-quarters less
than J600;" rilne-tenthB.les.than $800;
less than one-tenth over $800" a year.
One fifth of7 the working women re-,
ceive'less than-$200; three-fifths less
than $325; nine-tenths.less,than $500.
Only one-twentieth, are paid more than
$600. Thinkof -their land purchasing
power after meeting living expenses
and their brilliant chances of some
day owning their home without that
modern attachment, a 7 per cent mortgage. Chicago has * claimed 150,000
ide men in her midst the past winter;
and San Francisco notified the world
she.had,5Q.000, and for others to'keep
iway. ,   - • y   '   j
All these, men' have no land, but
Steffee thinks they might have if they
had will and ambition. But, as a real
estate man, he wants the"cash, and it
is hard to see how'they-can get that.
have seen men falling over- each
other here in this city ln the past few
months to get work that was not to
be had, and every little, while one of
them.would kill*himself for that,reason • and I have seen this same thing
for 29 years in California; In a state
which .boasts of being able to feed
half the population of the United
States within her borders. All these
men would like a piece of land—never
saw one who wouldn't—but they cannot get It, and page after page of our
daily papers is filled with land for
sale In lots and acres. ' There are
thousands' and thousands of unoccupied lots in this city held for speculation todays and yet 25,00 people were
can no more get- onto one of them
than he could reach the moon.
I saw a real estate riJan the other
day who told me he had not done a
lick of work-in fifteen*.years, but his
respectable way of being' a parasite
keeps him from being run In as a vagrant. Los Angeles is, said to be the
most prosperous,city.in the whole nation today, and yet .5,000 people vfrto-e
assisted by the Associated Charities
last year in the struggle to exist ■•'
The sale of land and city lots goes
merrily on, for people are being attracted here* in large numbers; and
while 'they keep coming men in Stef-'
fee's.line, of business will-reap a rich
harvest without rendering humanity
the least service as producers of
wealth" In' any' form. * Already we be-
ign to foresee the slums that are generated in all large cities, as the completion of the Panama Canal draws
near; and one of our State-Assemblymen is to see" re-election' on the
strength of a bill he proposes to Introduce, requiring the State to give em--
ployment,,to every .unemployed citizen; (and women, you know, are now
citizens, tooA "j Th'i. looPs like a Socialist move, but "as "Steffee has killed
Socialisnr.with, hlsAtnahswerable arguments, assisted-- by . Eccles, who"
knows"  . it   -cannot"*" succeed  because
I
I ;No anxiety on   |
1 Baking-Jay if you use |
CREAM
ns.ttres ng
wholes bin e
J^^-^^^M A purefiream of Tartar I
__«__. ______.«.._»  Powder 1
sweei,!
food!
-  -1
No Alui
i
Lime Pjhosphafe
JN^N{N«^«J8«JN*K«iS«i
us label lt "insurgency" or something.
' But' you' gentlemen who are mentally standing'still vand" pleading for a
continutlon of present .conditions will
ere long wake up to the fact,,that the
world is moving and momentous results are near at hand; but, whether
they are to be good or evil must depend on the thought forces that dom:
Inate action. There is absolutely nothing but Socialism and the Single Tax
that stands in the way of Especial prl-
viliges in their onward inarch, and the
man who is not fighting them in one
of these reform forces is permitting
the uninterrupted progress of evils
which, if unchecked, mean the end of
popular government and the reign of a
moneyed oligarchy; • which we come
pretty near having right now.' ' The
Single Tax is splendid as' far - as ■ it
goes, but-, from my viewpoint it does
not go far enough, and Socialism is
indispensable tp the realization of social and industrial changes which the
common people „desj}re. ' So - on with
the agitation, and let the conflict of
ideas continue until the mental at-
mospherc is so clarified that the mass
WOMON BLACKSMITH  IS
/-      HUSBAND'S HELPER ,
LONDON, May 1.—In these days of
hammer wielding by the fair sex, attention has been attracted to one woman in London who employs this implement for legitimate purposes. So
far as known, Mrs. Mary Rogers, a
comely matron of 30, who for'the last
five * months has been assisting her
husband in shoeing horses, is the only
woman blacksmith in England,
Interviewed at their shop In Kentish
Town~Road, In the northwest section
of the city, Mrs. Rogers said: "When
my husband lost his helper, and "could
not get another, I determined I would
take the job. , Since J have been a_
work at the forge I have improved ln
health and strength. , Besides' smithing^ I do all the washing, cook the
meals, keep the house clean and look"
after our four children. I am a pretty
busy woman, but hard work never
killed anybody, I do this work cheer--,
fully because I love my husband and
because, we' thus save one man's
wages." . *
there is no'way to. spt a price on fruit
unless it is all uniform in quality and
quantity ."as It comes from the land in
response to the.producer's labor, let
of mankind can discern where their
real interests lie and how: to-obtain
them. — C. Severance, Los Angeles,
Cal., In The Truth Seeker.' ,
Shilohs Cure
QUICKLY STOPS COUQH8, CURES COLDS.
HEALS THE THROAT AND LUNGS. 20 CENTS
r --!
\
To the Homebuilder
To the Rent payer
To the Investor
To the Public
"    ■ ■
SHUSH 1
He that
whispers
is lost
Buy now a few lots
and get them before you're too late.
The last ocean terminal of the C.P. R. and
the Canadian Northern Railway
You can buy; make
money by buying
it
choice property at a
reasonable price in
any growing city
Alberni
V
run Aiverui
offers excellent
opportunities
The City of Great Opportunities
Lots are selling from $300 to $450
Now is your chance
The Union Land Company, Limited,
NATAL, Ef.C
But how much
greater is the
opportunities
in buying at
Port Alberni
City of certainties
Buy before you
pay someone
else a profit for
his foresight ,-vy'"
at^E-dos
v^-jtBK"'5i^n'i*f*1 ■■* >-v.''^"i"' ~y<
JPAOlFftTO
!■'-      <...-- Jta-      '
THE DISTMCT XIDQE*. TOjIJE. B.O.^,MiiY 13,71813.
■_«_____B_______BWaaaPWaa__^^
■■**.">.-,•-.;.-»--..! '-.'    ■■';-      ,' _ .   ■"; V'". -*'.. V. v'/'r    ->-,;'- .   .'>--,.":"*-*-., W',-'---'--, -
'    ■--..,y■'y"" -,' ■.   -.""'.,• >~y .- .     *'."?•- I'.vVr.yy.-y. ..,.,-.-..v--;- y-
y;
■i; ».__ '7"»*^. *-.;•.
Pellat.* Avwueyf Ferwe-^^ $1W
per,, year ;,iA tidvaace;.! Ah exwli^fe^vkrtwwg*
medium. Largest; circulation in the District. Ad-
rertising rates ©ft application Up-to-date facilities
for theezecutie__iCof all kinds of book, job and
color work." Mail1 orders receive special,attention.
Address all communications to Tbe District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No.-48.   ."    ;    Post Office ,Bqx.-;J_?6. 380
.not a lie out of-whole <_loth}:has beeneausedby- the
crooked han(\ of some "public utility company. -In
Published every Satwday Monii-if at.its offtpf^e Manitoba;telephone.ease-ail the facts at all in-
■' "' -     --     - --    ,s-~ dilating'faikir^
cret bargain between 'ti^OTyi cabinet* and^a Bell"
+ikr.V.rtr,n'nX^..5-n^Jt":i'"-^"   ^'^ <-. ^.7> ,-:<. .o--      ^i
telephone company.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE
PUBLIC   OWNERSHIP
WHILST public ownership*, under the. present
< system is np solution to the economic problem, it is at least no worse than "corporation" and
"trust'.'.ownership. Here and there, in either city
or province one or other of the public utilities such
as telephones, railways, etc., are owned bythe gov-
eminent, and it is against Ihem that the "interests" are continually pouring hot shot and pointing out its "failures." It has been conclusively
proven that wages in state-owned, enterprises'are
on a higher level, than elsewhere, and -it is generally conceded,.that it is as capable of being run successfully. The latest outcry has arisen in Winnipeg where the municipality owns the telephones
and the electric power. Inspired articles and editorials—inspired by .the-Bell monopoly and its angelic horde—haye fluttered over the country, full
of misinformation to the" effect that in Manitoba
''Government ownership has proved a glut of failure.- ' "Whilst it*has occasioned a slight kick from
the public, it has by no means "proved a failure."
But the facts of the case will show why"tliere ii-
some dissatisfaction and the -tactics of capitalistic
government.     Here they are:
"The Tory party was in power in Manitoba^
"With a certain ■ toryistic instinct, it "stood *in"
with the Interests.- A popular reaction against
toryism had begun in Canada as in the United States, which expressed itself concretely in' opposition
to monopoly of public, utilities. To meet- this
threatenng wave of public sentiment the Tory Ministry of Manitoba came out for public,ownership
of telephones, promising a system with better service at half the cost of .the Bell system. . It actually began construction, but just at this point the
trick was played. ; "Whether or riot the'Tory minfs-:
' try were ,a party to that, trick consciously, or were-
onjy buncoed, is* not now important. The Bell
company worked off the trick all the same. (It be--
gah with negotiations for tlie sale of its own plant
to the Province.    After due delay, enlivened with
A   CURIOUS  controversy, has arisen over the
Titanic; disaster arid woman suffrage, and
there are many queer, things said by the controver-'
sationalists. 7 The .aritis point'with pride to the
chivalrous sacrifices''made by'the male passengers
and argue that so. long as women accept such.they
cannot expect, votes,, and that,as men arrogate to
themselves all political- power, it is only right that
they should care fpr women in such an emergency.
.From such arguments they would'have? us believe that there is a relation between the exercise
of the franchise and" the protection that physical
strength accords-to weakness.     "We ean discern
no such relationship.    The very contention is ridiculous. ; 7 The exercise of the franchise requires
neither physical courage nor physical strength.
In the past, when great numbers of voters were required to attend at one polling booth, there were
fights and disturbances) and strength and courage
-were..often necessary to force one's way to the
place.   ' When voting was open, courage was sometimes necesary to. vote for   a   candidate against
whom brute force or tlie authority of an employer
was used,    But now that voting is secret, tlie physical force argument againafc women suffrage is
weakened.:   TWc draw  no political distinctions
founded upon physical strength', or the taking of
risks amongst'men.    We confer no political'privileges to, the giant or the pugilist, then why discriminate'against women? Intellect is what counts,
and it often happens that-the little fellow is, lriore
class ^conscious than the big burly bully.
.- "Chivalry is splendid, but'we need not fear it will
disappear if the gentler sex is'given the right  to
cast'a vote,     If chivalry, can survive competition
with women in business and the employment of
women in hard physical labor, it will probably survive when woman the world over will be., given the
right"*to walk-behind a,cotton curtain and. mark
a cross on a piece of paper.
THE FAMILY THEATRE
A. ,; JB«grmerly.Fernie Opera House).-Ay
*«•
Grand Opening
SATfURDAt,  MAY il
■
FROM 7.30 to 11P.M.
With High Class
Moving Pictures
-SOB
. I   "Ll I "
»mw"
the lady
Adults 15c     Children 10c
Our Letter Box
Re   CONTRACT    FOR    HILLCREST
MINES, JULY, 1909. ,
HOME  RULE
C(T?.Ae Hom?e Rule Bill becomes law there-will
* "be civil war in. Ireland,''. stated Sir Robert
Perks, - a .noted .English contractor and provision
merchant,"in' the course of an interview at Montreal last;week.', "If-there was an election to-"
morrow)"'.'-.'he continued,'" this radical government
would be defeated, because the people are con-
vinced that Mr. Asquith'has handed the reins of
propositions andt counter-propositions largely .featured in the newspapers in evidence of the progres-
siveness of the Tory reactionaries,(the Bell system
was unloaded upon the government.     This was
done at a secret-, session of the Tory Qab.jjn'et. and*
without legislative ratification.     The   price "was
; $3,20p,000-^-just .fibout one million dollars more
7 than' the1 system'could have been duplicated for
anew, arid probably a full million and a half more
than the system as it stood was worth. •   This excessive capitalization has made rich pickings   for
, the Bell stockholders ■ and been a' heavy ■ burden
upon.the operation of the system by the govern-'
. ment.    Nevertheless, the Tory ministry concealed
, the-burden for a time.    They made a reduction in
. rates, more apparent than real, and yet reported
each year a,'.splendid surplus."   ' By transferring
' this from telephone purposes to general.purposes,
they further crippled".the'telephone system.   Only
a year ago tho transferred "surplus" was $110,000.
At that*time the Tory ministry predicted a "sur-
plus" for the present year of $300,000, but beforo
they could trustor it thoir house of cards collapsed.
The chairman of'tho Telephone Commission :ari-
nounccd that the deficit for operation in "Winnipeg
last yenr was $75,000, and that it would bo tho
same this year unless rates wore increased by April
1st.    There wero then no "splendid surpluses" in
tho tolophono fund to draw upon, tho general fund
having got such as there had been;   and the cx-
1 eessive price paid.tho Bell concern was inoxorablo
in itn domnnds for intorest on a million or a millon
and a half of,watered captal.     With an intorosi;
account running from 30 por cont to 50 per cent
higher than it would have been but for the"secret
deal between tho Tories and the Bells, nnd with all
surpluses promptly transferred from telcphono account to gonoral account, it, is not remarkable that
there should bo a deficit?     But doer, this show
"flat failuro" of public ownership?
"Tn tho samo city of "Winnipeg whero the muni,
cipal tolophono system is so 'flat' a 'failure'-—
though managed by tho idonllnnl man who managed tlio *amo system for lho Boll company bofore
thoy loaded it upon tho public for donbln its value
—thftro i» another public utility, electric power
and this proved so groat a success that local Bonti-
ment is unwavering for public ownership and op-
oration of publin utilities. Under private owner-
Hhip nnd operation the rate for oloetric light wns
it  flirt  Irtuv-.r-t     10   (ftmtn  vipv.  VHm.II   I,.,,,..  .:-1,_.
munlcipnl fWT.ml.ij-t anrl opewijo.. Jl ... 3 aity
and as low an 1 cent under contracts for heating
and cooking. The plant for this public utility,
eosting about tho samo to construct that tho tolo-
•nlinnr* plnnt f-nct nn nnrr-.tnen fvr>ni   .}>».   ivji ,„,,...»
pnny, is of thc first class nnd thero is no water in
tlio prico. It was constructed within the estimate,
can supply power in almost unlimited quantities,
and is selling it nt tho prices set forth in the original prospectus upon which tho pooplo voted at n
referendum four years ago, ' The lighting hills in
Winnipeg hnvn consequently been cut enormously.
But tlicro wns in that ense no secret bargain with
any public, utility company. Whenever a public
utility owned nnd opernted in exploited n« n fail-
tire, it W reasonably certain thnt the 'failure/ if
Classified Ads.—Gent a Word
- 7 '*       Passburg, May 6th.
To the Editor, Dist_«.jt Ledger.
D«ar Sir,—During'the year "of 1910
there were-.quite a few fatal accidents
in Hillcrest Mines. Did the Rev-
Grant ever'.read of these accidents, if
so surely tis' conscience'muBt. prick
him how" h\ robbed th© breadwinners
of a paltry ten cents per ton? ?How
maiiy toas\ of icoal would he dig. a
day at,forty'cent per ton and keep a'
wife   and  family?     Not many,   I'm
afraid. _ '
. . pv   ,-,^ .,-      ,      -■■        -..■ .   ,
I notice in.hb report he did not say
should, any,.of-jthese, men get killed
that tils wife and family, shall,receive
coal at forty cents per ton.    There _Is/
a, vast difference "between" forty cents
and, three ^dollars" which is charged "to
the. widows.,7..How, little do the great
ones who sit at home secure care what
■ *FOR SALE—Baker'B snop complete;
Four-roomed Cottage; "clothes closet;
water; newly .painted; near school.
Chipman Avenue,,Annex. Cheap*for
cash; Offers. \ Frank Earp, Hillcrest,
Alberta.." -
•£»■>;
r,'     • . i. .r       v- •»    - -*•  -
'ji¥
, FOR SALE-r-Two-plastered three^
roomed. Houses, with out-buildinga at-'
tached. and"water; a great snap with,
very easy terms ' Apply. "R. Wright,
West Fernie..' - -•..-•
government over to' the *Laborites and Socialists:
' How cheerful! Just think of it, civil war.be:
cause after centuries of martyrdom, massacre and
torjture the Irish people have come tp .their senses
.'and strenuously' demand the, right to rule themselves. Of course the Irish capitalists and their
henebmen would find,themselves.out-legislatured
in a.self-governed.Irish legislature, and that is
where the shoe pinches., . It is for that reason
that tho" Laborites and Socialists arc now being
linked .together wi.h the.Redmondites by Irish
plutes and their supporters.;,; Ireland-has been in
tbe grip of that avaricious individual the big landlord since Cromwell's time, and so strong' has been
tho hold of ?th'e ieecly. bn thc peasant, • and
it is, only lately that he has been able to
wriggle out of this grip.,'. The country 'itj
still, swarming-vith-'the pest'arid it. is only* by,
Homo Rule, .thatAt will ever be possible for tho
country-to'rid itself of .them. Hence the fight
that is now being-put up against it."   •'      ,   "
hidden  dangers.,colliers
hardships they'endure L
dare," what-
Yes, a great
many more hardships than people realize. '. You?wiil.!^ear,,people,say, "It is
only a.common'mlner; there fire plenty
more % fill his''place!'"    """    '' ' A
'( •'£ , i        '   ■'       !-'f-    ■''- " '
Women, ,looi:,upon'' your husbands
as heroes,-as that is what .they. are.
Think that where the dog star never
glows he wears ,*away his' days, toiling'
for' the. hardea^ned ,, dollar; never
knowing when you wish him good-bye
that it might bo for this last time-
such was' my fate.      '   .,-
■ ■     ■     ',  -j. .to'     :l-* -
Yours trjily,
A HILLCREST WIDOW
FOR RENT—House, 4 rooms with
hall, meat kitchen, clothes closet, cellar, Vwkter, sink, electric light,,'etc.
Situated next block Central School.
Apply. Wm. Barton. y
„ "Ef'OR SALE—Three cars first-class
baled OAT, HAY; price $9.00 ,f.„o b.
Coaldale,;,-., This is, rich stuff -.with;
more feeding value for the money than
any other hay.'" Will send sample.—"
T. W ".Dike, Coaldale,: Alta.,. • • -     7
,.FOR SALE, HOSMER: PROPERTY,
Hosmer, _ B.C.—Lots .11. and -12), Block
5, Corner Main St., and Third Avenue,
60 by. 100 feet • one pf the best, cornero.
Ih the "city; must sell' at" once;; title
first, class," what am I offered?—?.
McLa'chlah, Box 324, Prince, Rupert, B.
C    .    .,     ' ' *'' '    '"7 "" •
COLONEL SAM STILL AT IT
f\ UR esteemed Minister of Militia is still going
*"J  strong.     Sineo he became a mombor, of tho
Borden Ministry his head has appreciably increased in size, and ho evidently does not think he is
doing his duty unless he propounds schemes' whereby Canadian citizens can bo mulct in farther taxation for militia purposes, or Rome other fad stunt in
connection with his department." , Quito recently,
in tho Ottawa House a suggestion was mado by ono
of the members that ns 'tho Dominion Government'
enn show n surplus of somo $39,000,000, ton million
should bo appropriated for the militia.    Of course
it received tho hearty support of Colonel Sam.'
Alphonso Vorvillo, Labor moml.or.for Maisonnouvo,
promptly showed the houso how it could bottor
spend tho money.     Tho Minister of Militia has
now gono a stop farther and is scheming with a
view.thai shooting, uniforming, gold braiding and
drilling bo mado tho urgont business of tho municipal organizations.   Evon tho Tory papers aro pro-
U-Rting against his fanatic "patriotism" and consider that, ho "is going n bit loo far."
-. V klerlkalnom Spanielsku posudeny
bol redaktor soclallstlckeho inesaCnlka
za uverejnenlo bbrazu, ktory posme-
_me predstavoval kralika Alfonso., na
osem rokov do i'alara a k pokuto 1,000
pesos. , Aby tak eSt'o dnes inkvlslcla
bola v plntnostl.'bolby byval IstotiBto
za-Slva upaleny.,1.
■' The Fornio Steam Laundry and
Dyo Works report business improving all the time. They aro
making a reduction iri prices on
Dyeing and French Dry Cleaning
for tho spring trado. Also ii
cheap monthly laundry rato for all
bachelors will bo givon. A trial
is all thoy ask' 'to convinco yon
thoy aro O. K.
-■"FOR SALE^-House,'. fooiris," bath
aiid pantry, connected .range; block
47, McAvoy Street." Centrally located.
All fencedond palnted;, . $2500, terms.
Cheap-for cri'Bh. Apply, "L." G. Evan,
Box-123.    ..-.    .   -i -, .-   .■-,'•.
FOR RENT—Store in tho Eckstein
Block.■    Apply, Cree and .Moffatt..
FURNISHED ROOMS* TO LET—
Every .convenience, .batb-rpora, etc.;
Moderate rent. Apply, District Lodger, i    7 •      ' 'i      .    ',.
FOR SALE—EGGS for • Hatching.—
From Pure S.C.W. Leghorns, No. 1
pon, $1,50 per doz., or.?10.50 por 100.
No. 2 pon,''$1.00 per doz,, or $7.50 por
100. Apply, S. J. Harrison, Wardnor,
B.C
FOR SALE—A Charlos A. Cypher
Incubator, to hold 150 Eggs, for sale.
Apply, District Ledger.   ,
FOR SALE at McLeans Drug and
Book Storo, Pucham's famous Choco<
latoB.    Best on tho Coast.
Tho obcutions to names on voters' rolls havo now
been published nt fat advertising rates but,' of
courso, only in newspapers   sympathetic   to   tho
0u.ti^i.,.tit..        xuu  i.uu^ci   _tji|ilii,U   lul   111..   btiUlU
fair ii'fiulmtiiil huL ncit_ puli.«).y iufurmeil (liat it
could not now get it, as it could only bo immrtod in
two ihsmiH boforo the Court of Revision Nils, whilst
tho law culls for throe insertions. Whilst this is cor-
♦   ..   At
_'£?
■     '     I .( .  (1     i   !j   ,1   ,..11 ,     ,   I . !•  t
cd onco or twico in ono newspaper, so long as it has
had three Insertions in ono othor. However, that
may bo, our readors would do well to enquire if
their names havo boon objected to, and if so appear
nt the court houso on Monday, May 20th, beforo
tho revising officer and defend thoir rifrht to bo
on thc lint,
The law in its majeaty prohibits the rich and
poor alike from sleeping under bridnc»r, begging in
the utreetfi, or stealing bread,—Anatole Prance.
Pre, K, & K. TAKE ALL RISKS
-o
HO NAMES OR PHOTOS USED WITHOUT WRITTEN CONSENT
NERVOUS DEBILITY
_,0_w."« »yii.MM'i'.»* tuuiul. ui boloro It U toa l«|_. Aro yoii iiflrv.nn nnd worflr, do«pon.
ut ittn
*\i\,y\
u Mini
\\tn\i\»ia    ilUla..   iv    I    T^^r. "• _i . . ^
i'o yoii iiflrviim nnd word., donpom
rlt olrclcg junior tlioin, wonlt bMJr.
.-—....,     ...   ,_i*oom_ nnd lo;>unn, millmont In urlno,
i, licllow cbeclt*. Cfti-owom ejcprwaKm, twit m«mowi
nJitrenutb, tlradinornlnci,rci(leu ul;'li(i, clianr-onliW
IIUl   Af..,n\l      linn*    ma  ha       1...!^    IA«*>      i-..« ' ...J-'-J -"■'/'-*.
    i«k. oyc
•Jiwft, illmruktr i.l, Iaok ern-rry «n'J iironijio, uroa mornmcn,
tnoOUn. woAlt liiimliooil, prci„,.iMf(. r1ni.n\», hnnrt Tinlnn, %\lr InWrn, Anrn'tliwnr'*"!'"""
YOU     WILL    BE    A    WRECK '
?W f <-** MolluiJ TiiiJaJSJ. lull i-il-frj' --U.nl I-tilt, il l.i.il <,.rjy,.,
-     --  --  ■ --       -    |(fr|n J.   ._ ...-_-.. . ,      ./
Doi'.nAiBMtU
.oomei briRlit,
mni-n _ui,i .„._•■_.-_-■' r;0««il ftnil uxuat «y(Um*i (uv .nTirT-rswxi. an urairu odam-uq
^.^.."."•..'.""'•/wmlMiyitfin. Don'tUil^uaoka nnd faklri rob you of your bard
Hi^VSli"?."11'WfuniMoonw, (ho blood mirlflotl, no llmtnll |ilmi,lo5, lifo
ra".0.0!'."?*11"*' th»aiy«bnoemc-jbriRlit. tlii faoo full nnd i-lc-i-./ericrir
««X^,ui!*'r_r'.',:''i',,« ratiwil and w*«at *y»um«! dn InTlroratclt all i
, I'fiwVr .(■ fiirtu-
tulncM and de*
■fry rntumi to tha
I uralm o>ww-iiq
euuud dulliuit,
Wa will aura you or no ptf..
EVERVTKINQ TIUVATE AND CONnDENTIA..
Cttart*.
S?u^i!!l_',A!,A[,_«_l™^
i*3 f (C
iiit. i
ual
in'tl
noi
ilVA
jIjj.*. _ .o tfiwu-f t,w» »im irtawii. ytm, -wrtia lor an .»•_•._« oriinion Fm_> ef
0l^ta=_3V<UUM,,l"*<*w <»»««'«*«l» MiBaaralDlHamerMaii;
QUESTION UST FOR HOME TREATMENT SENT ON REQUEST
DRsilENNEDT&KENNEDY
Co'r. Michigan Ave. and Grlswold St., Detroit, Mich.
BBRfK^SMflTICF-    ^U ,ettf,r,, {r?,m 9.n!W,3 »nit beBddMMecl
farajlffl^p    KHV_f I |"|_r_U     to mir Cannoton ConoBpondciice Dprwrt-
+*  ^*      iwiMaMrajB    ment In Windaor, Ont.   If ynu dealre to'
bw us j*.-o-ni.y can rtt otir MwHcal Institute hi Detroit n* \rc see nnd treat
■• p»ii«b;» in otir Windaor odlcea whidi nre fcr Coru>fpondence and
wl iTiityy /..r Canadhu bntlnetn on!y.  Addreaa sit lettera aa follow*.
DBS. KCNNOSY & KET-JNCDY. Wlndtor, Oat
„W*. «* far tor prh«»» aMma. '(
i y.i >. .\\
Get a Water Mptor WasKer
anci Be Mappy      ^
J.I). QUAIL
Hardware
FERNIE
Furniture
r>
Picture Palace of tlie Pass
The program.-for
Friday and Sat,
•- will consist of
71
5.-.
75:
-1, Scenic and,
incliiding: ;2" Comedies—1 Educational-
\ ,' ""' , .    -    y- ,.-*. A3 Dramatic -•••' ,'     -.-; ■■;   ;-y"
-; A Program of Quality and Quantity
,    Our hew booking contract with; the Canadian-'Film ,
,. Exchange will place!,before bin* patrons the best select-
.7ed, programs'.exhibited anywhere-in Canada!'". Watch;
Athis-papci^forTannouncemehtsjott^^com
, tions the next' of which will.appear -.    A.        ,     ■'..
Wednesday - Thursday, May 15-16
oil
ii
i
The Greatest Frontier Picture Ever Produced
*   < ,• • > 7 v5J-»X-* •
Thc great fire scone when Indian villageis burned; the running
fight between, messenger and Indians; ,'thc great, battle between Indians and settlers; the death of the coward from bite
of the rattlesnake, and 55 other scones just as ^thrilling.
Our orchestra plays all the latest hits
" — ■: :■' "        — .    . .   '-  ' ''	
Free to Lady Patrons--Beautiful.Silver Spoon
For. two coupons, issued Tues,, Thiirs., & Sat. Matiiice
See our "Special Sunday" Program
'        USUAL SATURDAY MATINEE
CyE. LYONS
i i '
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
•  i    . it'
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
W. M.JEFFRIES
jqwelery Repairing a Specialty
Engraving
" i,
y\ .. High dass selection of
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
PRICES TO SUIT THB TIMES
Try The Ledger For Job Work !'..
»''■
W
l'«i'
TEM PBHCBIgT" L_£DqgB, ygBKIB, ^ K^-IMlT ;l^iiaE ^J,
PAQltlVS
.' -',-        -.. -; ,?'.y-._" yj-.'.-y-'*'.' ',   ,  '     '-"v ,'•""-      '-   '.-'-""•'   "■-"*-.- ,-   ■ .-.'-,'' . ,--,t- y .v. . .<.*-,-ic'it-.-..*-**-"--'- •'      '*      " ,"^**'A >'"-"-"-7.-*"''■•   "*• y*"'  •,-1.;••«*>-■  ~.,     j,
...    -v. -■„-„. .* yyjyfy,f*s:i%^,^ id      7,.,   ■' ■   ■   .'•
**irMkkkkkkkkhkXkkkkk}Lk**'litVM 	
 _.___*_  "     ■       '   "■ - '     "   "*•**-.-■ '---«.r>v^fc.:..--'lJ-*. 'AT* N "i    '■', »"•» "'A* t x \    ' . «, •* ■?       '•""""tTT'TT
; COAL'CREEKf- ",' : '!■:?<*
; -Coleman football r^T-lam were * the
-% ] TiBi_orB^*up-igre«ia6t Saturday, arriv-
"' ing With -jthe' 2.30- train; - -A-Httle mis-
Tinderstanldng twist have taken place
with' regatd'^tolthe .i'____e'of Ifclcking-off.
,: [It waB firat'announced asat'3 o'clock,
': and -then7 changed -to"' 6 "o'clock, .and
_■ - \ the Coal Creek team/had to be sought
," for*, at j 4 ^o'clock.'-to ?vstart'the- "game! -
-"-> .^This' gave a poor ,chance-of specta-
. tors seeing the game, as m§st of them
y-were just going up when the" game5
7 '" was finished so' the home" team cer-
' * .airily lost a' little financially, but the
,, ...Coleman boys got away with the 6
'o'clock train.1.The game was a pretty
■fast one each team doing their utmost
'.* - -to -capture-the points.    The home' de--*
, fence was really good, but the forwards missed several good openings;
4i. and' the'game'ended  in a goal-less
■ .draw.     J.,,WTls6h,"of'"Fernie,"was re-
"fere©. -.  •
»■{ »', i' _, --   '-.''•'      --. --..^
-' ,?. - A practice "match'" was played up'here
r "■ on Wednesday nigtit between.the?Pro-
,; babies arid' Possibles, which" resulted
/in a*win for.the'Possibles by 4 to 1,
Ohrybu poor. Probables—-you'cert-aVr
are.     *" .' ,      •      ~ • "
Tbe saddeath of,Owen Joinson cnme
as a great surprise and shock to every
one;up here'last-Sunday afternoon,
?   as he-wa's well known'to everyone iri
'■the Creek? having played in the team
-. 'last season. .- A" good number "of the
■-.  boys were down showing their, last
'respect to him at his funeral. > .
•   .The .cruel murder, of Pete Winstan-
,   .ley, who; was an "old Creek-resident..
, was a great shock" to all who knew
him here, and much-sympathy is felt
-    for" his family.   „
- A bad accident occurred in No. 5
Mine^ on Monday,,. a;,' digger., named
' '■ Wi." Savage was engaged;! putting Jup
,,   .a timber, but-when* he.had'got it oh
■ Wiethe legs it somehow gave a slide o.er
■ aDd fell," catc__„rig Savage on!both legs
'.snd breaking, them;1 - lie -was \eon-
' -. ?veyed to the,Fernie Hospital as quick-
.-' ly as possible,, '7, .^y, •   >,.,.
? Another accident occurred on Mon-
.day. afternoon to Johri^Wobdhouse, who
■"   iin some'unaccountable, manner'(pro-
nevetoaee
_vSx'.-.v.j
aga1i__..:-.^ittle
did
aayoiteXtoi^otht^.Sis?TJbkeSwoiild be
spm^yho^^a^asibleifor". the2 deed".
^'il^^sooiiSbe'^^brbu_,ht\tb;_.u_.tlce.,, We
•Vish to' exress out'deepest sympathy
for. his relatives and for those'who
were near aiid dear to him. -' '."7
V'The Coal Company are acting under the Coal .Mines Regulation; Act
in the shape' of. sanitation in the'min-
os here, and*, are busy" building conveniences' f or\the ■ miners.' Tbey, are
being^put. in, the return., airways.
This should>be appreciated by, the
men as it,will mean a iriore'healthful
condition *of the mines.. We understand that disinfecUn*- will' be -used
and this should prove beneficial to a
great .'extent' '•-,. -
,. Mr; John Shanks .was a visitor
here on Saturday lastV No doubt he
came to see, or-at least-expecting to
see,' great * things done . by (Fernie's
Football team. - •- He remained here
on Sunday and' was a spectator at the
baseball match.'" A"-'- ' y _'•
,.o The ' Michel? anglers':- have*'just finished the competition for the fishing
<rod, which'was- offered by Trite's-
?,Wood Co!, for* the members who
gained, the highest number of points
for catches of bull trout and grayling.- ..The winner-,was Wm. Hillman
with 8 points;-J; McKinnon.-,gained
5.*-points," and, F.-Campbell:3 points.
What's the : matter with:, the professionals? ; God for you, Bill, you did
some good hooking.
. "A few of the" boysj>left here on the
passenger on Wedne'sday night bound
for,the prospect camp>at Yellowhead
Pas's.,    We'; hope ;t__ey'_l make    out
good. .-     . '..•,:■*■   ' ■'''   ■"
bably through the horse shying at the
ti-atn) was thrown but of a cart. - No
bones were broken,"" but'he received
,'a, -very severe shock1 Snd' haa" io' Ke;
conveyed to the hospital on'the ambulance.', \,.From latest.account, he ls
progressing .favorably;. I '"--Sr y 1 "";
.♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦^ ♦ ♦ ♦ '♦
7 '♦ ' -     nMlcrifii: ^NOTES '      '.■' *"4,
'"♦    * '   By-X. t.7zS? a     ,i'.^
1  1+' ..■''■'♦
'♦,♦"♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ^ «, ^ 4.
,,. The football team played',i)heir*first
.league match on Saturday last.?. -.The
v weather was fine and a better day we
could not wish for. ;rtThe kick off.to'ok-
.place at''C:i5.,'' - RefereeAmITJ. 'Cau-
.„fiold. ;     .    	
', "; Result—Michel, 3; Fernie, 0. \
Tho Michel team haB made a good
start: and has . raised the "hopes': of
their supporters. It- would be .well
for other teams to. bo perparedi .RB
a fow BurprisDs may be out for some
of them.     Woli done, * Michel;'keep
; bn doln51 lt..
,Tho Bank Building has been, painted up "ijirid lt looks' fine. ' We wonder
If tho Coal',. Company will put a bit
of paint on their proporty to match-
tho bank.v Yos, wo wonder,   '
Mr. A. J. _ft.l_.oy, late monagor of
Michel • Hotel, loft on Friday morning, May 3rd, on tho passenger, accompanied by his wife and family,
Thoir destination was EJko.   '
sTir, Shaw left, hero on tlio Local tho
samo day bound for points In tho East
whoro ho intends, to. spend his holiday. Ho Ib not expected back until
•some tlnio In 'Jurio.
On Saturday lant a' team boloriglng
to P. Hums and Co. woro frightened
by nn antomobllo,' Tho frlghtonod
nnlmnlB bol tod while tho tonmstor was
delivering Bome goods to one of tho
oiiotoniorB,,. a.good numlior of children woro playing In lho road, but for-
tunntoly nono of thorn were, hurt, al-
' though one or two had nnrrow oh-
cnpoB, Tho only damage sustain-
od waa tho damage to the rig.
A baBeball mtitoh wns plnyod on
Sunday aftornon last betwobn Now
Mlohol and Old Mlchol, Wo do not
wlBh to bo too strong on tho umpire,
but wo hopo tho fans djdn't upset
his oyo, RoBiiIt: 14--13 In favor of
Now Mlohol. <>
Too' bad; too bad. Everybody
wanted Old Town to win, Lot'tis
liopo that Nowtown .won't get awaited
li emit, over il,    .
Mr and MrB. H. Lawrenson left hero
on the Flyer on Tueuday morning to
look Into tho affairs ot Mr, *P.' Winstaniey, tholr son-in-law, who was tho
Y.cw.i ot ttie awlul tragedy which
occurred bn Saturday last at fllocsn
Junction. Mr. Winstaniey was well
Mown hero and had many frlonds.
Tho now* of his death was a grout
shock to everyone and wo wish to ox-
PMM otir rJ/wp sorrow at the' sad calamity \rhlch has overtaken him In
the prime of life. It Is only about
two months since he loft hero to go
to bis ranch, which Is situated at
B/oran Junction. Before ho loft «t«
visited many of his friends and h«
one* tal-J b a jo*« that be m]gnl
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦'♦♦ ^ ^. ^ ^.-^
♦ ♦
♦ ■"■    *   FRANK^NOTES       ' '',    «.
♦ -r*7^'AA',    „     y-    +
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦"♦' ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ *♦ %, + +,
A' S.* Blals went to Lethbridge on
Sunday night arid came home cm Tuesday .morning. ''•'*.','        .    '
. J^'8 .Wheeler made a .hurried trip
to" Cranbrook o'n'-Saturday.
Mrs. ,R. McGowan and. baby, returned-to Frank, from Calgary, on Thursday last-*-" .At7 .' " ''Ay
-.. Billy Picton got'a rather hlard' knock
a few days ago by a fall -of" rock:"' He
"is,- going, ardund^with- his^face bandaged. ;...,,.   .    ,  . ,,w    ..,:.ri. %^-"    ..
•   W..W; Scott, of Bellevue, spent Sunday in town.  '.-•'    :■:   • s  i v7"
The surveyors are at work mapping
out the- new townsite' for the newer
Frank-to the west "of .the' old town!
Everybody' "is Meeting enthusiastic
over-the''future of'Frank, and when
the coal company get their, houses
down, to the location, Frank will g"row
faster than ever.- The mines aro
working well and the mon are all satisl
fled,-'      ''- -    '
A big meeting was held In the,-Mln-
ers'-Hall.on'Sunday'afternoon to discuss- the possibility of having a cooperative store started in Frank. The
meeting was well attended. The next
meeting will bo held, next Sunday at
7. p.m.'" '    ' n
A' meeting of the ratepayers of
Frank wna held in the School Hall ori
Wednesday night, when the majority
of tho citizons wore present. Tho
Councillors reported tho result of tholr'
Interview with Premier 'Sifton in Cal-
gary regarding tho moving of Frnnlc.
An ntei_.pt' is being,made to moot
Premier Borden about'the Bamo" mat>
tor, whllo an effort iu also bolng mado
to socuro the new townBlte from tho
coal company.
MIbb Lilian ThomaB roturnod from
Lothbridgo'on WednoBflay.    „*
Tho annual mooting of tho Method-
lot Church was held U Blairmoro on
Tuesday night, when all tho representatives were prosont, nl] tho finances
of the church for tho yoar'wore mot
nnd patd, . Tho new stewards oloctod woro Chas, Patmoro, deo. * Pattln-
son, A. 8. Dials and W. II. Bartlott,
Ilov W. S. Young was askod to return
to Frank for anothor year
Jnmos Jtombadlory, firomnn In tho
Frank powor house, wroto his examination for engineer In Lothbridgo
lust weok and wao Biiccossful.
Wm." Jolly hns Minted work In
F-'i>nlc mino again.
Mr ForgUBon, of HUlcrost, hns decided to carry on his dancing classln
tho Minors' Hall for nnothoV month.
Tho old nnd lho young aro still full of
fun,. ^
Mr. David Slbbnld,- nn„ old-tlmor, of
tho Pass, hns returned to Frank nnd
started work In tho mine,
.'_. ii, _..«..-_ is .tow  t-uppjy.nf.  the
nocfl of He j'bj'_.J_'_i._.__._*a lu Ha ttiiw
store, nnd la doing n splendid business.     Ifo Is catering to tho needs
of the peoplo now Just .ns woll.ns
whon ho bad a lot' of opposition.    Ho
......  k,toM».6.,« ut» tan «;,   «_u.\ii__( a,
now delivery xnnn, Tony Poth.
Mr, Mount; Prosldont of « Market
Co. and Mr. Woods, of Plncher Crook.
woro In town on Wednesday and at-
tondod tho mooting of tho ratepayers
Asm LAMftr tn hnr.k In town taking
stock with A, V, Ung,
J. Nay lor abute.! LuhU.^hm Id IVolle-
■rao on Saturday, Mar 4th, whoro he
hts taken over the business of Mr.
Walters/  •
. Mr, Wm. Simpson,,,,of   IHUcrost,
•pont Sunday.la town. J
♦-♦ ♦.♦♦♦♦•♦ -♦*.♦ .♦•♦;♦
♦ '-.: A*   :'        'A 'A? 'i "   ^<#
♦ 'A'    H08MER  NOTES.  A*',■'♦.
♦ 7  '    "Looker-on.".     77 ":..'''♦
♦ ;'     ,   " 7 -Vy ♦
♦ ♦♦'♦♦♦♦ ♦,**♦ ♦ *♦'•<► "^
; Mr. W.  Robson left \ Hosmer last
week for the. coast.   "■  ', "■' '•  7"
Whooping cough Is' very prevalent
in Hosmer'just'now',and-the • school'
is closed in consequence.'- ?-; -   "'■'"''
The double track on tho incline up
to A Level is now in fuli;'operatipri.
Mrs. D. Wilson has arrived in-Hos-^
mer to join *" her. husband," ? who' is'
manager of ,the Hosmer Industrial
Association Store. They have' tak-"
en the house lately occupied by Mr.
J. Bennett of the firm of Bonnett
Bros.,' who haa gone to, reside at
Maple Creek, SaBk. * "
, The advent of fine, weather and-, tho
opening of^the trout seasoii brought
good many rods out on Sunday,
and some good catches -were reported. ,,'.-■        ,,     ^-
The Hosmer footballers put up a
great fight at Bellevue last Saturday,
losing, by the odd goal in three. The
Bellevue team are a heavy set of\fel-
Iows; and.'nearly all the boys felt, the
effects of their weight, and one or two
will be, doubtful starters for Saturday's
match with, Michel* 7 'A   , '
Mr .-and Mrs. Emile Le Persee left
last.week for Calgary, where iri future
they will reside.
_Mr-„ W. Lakey has -given a phonograph to be raffled for on pay" day,"
the proceeds to go-to ward, the football club funds. .        -
MARRIED.—At the CatholicChurch
(Fernie) by Rev. Father O'Neil, on
April 30th, Adjesta Begatinria to Rosie
Lazzo, both, of Hosmer..
; The Hosmer. Junior Baseballers,put
up a great show at the May Day fe-
tival, losing to-Fernie 7—5.
.. The Hosmer six certainly played
good • football, ■ and -were unfortunate
to lose to Michel 1—0. The Michel
team were - not much of sports; as
every time the ball came to them after
they, scored-.their goal, they kicked lt
out. ,      .A"    --,. ""**""
When Michel' met Bellevue in the
final they got-beat at their own game
and that .wasn't football. - The boys
certainly gave them a*rbastirig.,    -
All who went to Fernie on May'Day
enjoyed themselves, and many "old ac-
quainta'nees were'reriewed;lATha__wea-
w*""*?w*fy»*?>^^
ther was fine and the sports "were a
great -success."'-,; By"' the by, the;com-
mltt^e- forgot to'offer1 a prize'for, the
water jutap. There was a" good attendance at tbe Victoria itiall iri the
evenirigA'' Charley O'Brien'had quite
a happy family, ^certainly, was the
Candy Kid—always'happy.   -i
• ♦•♦
BELLEVUE
•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«►♦ «. ^
Mr. Steve Manahan wa3 in town
on Monday.
Mr. A.. Fish and ■ family havo re-
moved to Burmls, where Mr. Fish hns
started work.
The Bon of Mr'and Mra. Watts Good-
win was christened at the Methodist
Church On Friday last by tho Ho?;
W.'.H. Irwin. ,       '
Tod Coupland visited Lundbiock on
Monday. '     •' ,
Ike and" Jack Hutton, ot Bellevue,'
visited Fernio to sit for the examination for pit boss paporB for B. C.
Mr and MrB. Fowler (of PaBBburg)
wero in town on TuoBday laBt.
Mr, J. J. Rnynor spent tho wook-
ond in HoBmor,
Bob MncGowan, of thc Frank Hardware Storo, has removed to Bollbvuo
to tnko clmrgo of tho Ilardwaro Storo
thero.
i       * . * ii ,
Tho Bollovuo Fotbnll team had tholr
first match on Saturday last,'arid play-
od; Iiosmor, , .Bollovuo started..with
ton nnd, showed thobppoBlng'{enm tho
way itound and boat thbm by two goals
to*ono. Arnold, .Varloy and Marsh
plnylng a flno gamo,
,JTho Ilov., \V., II Irwin pronchod nt
Tnbor ., inst Suridny., on tho subject
"Tho Kingdom of Ood."
Tho Prospect Mlno, Bellovuo has
boon shut down for a whllo, and most
of-tbo mon aro now out of work, AU
tools wero fetched out on Wednesday.
Tho preacher at' tho ' Mothodlst
church last Sundny wns Mr. J.. W.
Chrlstlo, who took for his subject
"porno and Soo." Tho preacher noxt
Sunday Is the Pastor,
Bellevue wns well represented nt
Fornlo Inst weok, Tho prlsos won by
Bollovuo woro: Football contost (six-
n.nfifn*)'   TV-,*"     YW,  T>,.™1»1,    tt   <»  ,
, .  w_     _*.,«|>,4»..v,    **.     Irit'
ley. Tom T»«»»d«1i>, W.' M.llor, Ike-
Marsh and Tom Marsh, nigh Jump:
Wnltor Wllburg; and nil tho throo
prises for tho band race woro won by
tho, mombors of tha Bollovuo Band.
Mr and Mrx  rtr-iitwln n«.t 4«,.^vtn»
lato of.Donaby, England, landed hero
onsPrlday last,       A
Ono could not bolp noticing at the
oponlng of tho football season at Bollo-
tmn'ttiftt nn'J A^^lf  .ti ,,'  .
♦ ♦ ♦..♦.♦ ♦♦■♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦-- "-- ss --y   ^- •:        ♦
♦ BEAVER MINES'NOTES       ♦
^ '- " ♦
♦ .♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Mr. Larsen with hla 30-horse grading
outfit has arrived and is^proceedirig
with the construction of the yards and
sidings,    y •'
, Messrs., Chaput and" Graham's new
livery-barn, is fastnearing completion,
and the affable Harry is rustling business, and has secured several- good
.teamirig-contract's. •.,
sW.'O'/Sherwood.is erecting a good
block on the First Avenue with store
accohimoda'tiori: on the ground floor
and living rooms and offices above;
.< The lumber for^ Thos. 'Hinton's drug
store is upon the ground and work
upon "it is starting immediately. It
will be a two-storey building, the floor
above being for lodge purposes, consisting of lodgeroom and ante-rooms.
.The ice house of P. Burns and Co.'
is completed and. the lumber is'expected daily for the new store .they
Intend building. '- , .    •'
- Mr. N., Morrison's- little girl had to
be removed,to Pincher Creek Hospital
for an operation tor/appendicitis. She
is making satisfactory'progress toward
convalescence.
"Old Jack "Watson is put on his crutches and his many friends up the Pass
will be glad to hear be 'is getting
stronger.       ,' " " '  '* "
1 Certainly Tommy just do skin them
at pool and'billiards,-and for a mere
novice, at .the game, r
We have another pool hall starting
here in-a few-days, Dom Cyr,having
sold ,out his .business, which has been
closed for the last , three or four
months,, to. some newcomer-to these
parts'        '_ .' ,   -*
Inspector Belcher was here a few
days ago to secure barrack accommo-,
dationj'it being his"intention to place
a red boat here.   ' ■'
■ Edd Gamash still'tells his hunting
tales, and Mr. J, Gordon, whom,he is
accompanying" on his survey trip, says
that ,it,"makes ^his; (Gordon's)^ hair
stand on end the narrow escapes that.
Edd' has 'had, 'and. fills him . with
horror, 'y Edd always shoots so that
the hide is not spoilt." '. A .
*  Beaver Mines Baseball Club
A'meeting of those interested, in
baseball "was held on'rWednesdayaftev
noon, May-1, in the Pioneer. Hall, the
ubjecrb"eingl;fie~fbFmation of a~bas<?-
ball ciub arid election of officers., Mr
W. T.-'Moody?wa's voted to th3 chair
and proceeded to the order of business
andeelc'tlori of officers.1 "y Mr." A. W.
Hawes;'^aB"'i_nai-Imf6'usly .olec^'d !as'-
secretary-treasurer, and, as'a board of'
mariageriient'Messrs S'Wvica'r.'w T
Moody" and H. Dimock were elected.
Some" 30 or more names were given
ln as members'. Other business was
transacted,- a?; choosing of'outfit and
ineabs of, boosting the club.' After
the meeting ri'try-out was made on the
baseball ground, and'as a result of the
practice Mr. Jimmy White waB selected as. captain. Several men wore
tried out as pitchers and- catchers,
and the material to hand shows tho
making of a good team., Sandy McGregor, late of tho American Baseball
League,, ls taking uphiB residence
horo and has promised to throw in his
lot.with the local team. Ho is a
splendid first baseman,and will prove'
a valuable acquisition, . The members aro now practising nightly,-and
tho enthusiasm shown augers well for
tho success of'tho club. A strong list
of fixtures is being arranged by tho
secretary, Mr. A. W. Hawes, nnd good
nttendanco and support is hoped for at
tho matches.
valuable prizes, *and in consequence
the'bidding was fast and' furious,'
About--40 baskets were offered for
sale, good prices being realized. Originality and good tasto were shown
by the ladies' in the way in which the
baskets were made up. The basket
bf Miss Edna Smith realized the highest price, -'$16, and.,"she, became the
winner.of the 1st prize, a silver-backed toilet set, given by T. Lebel and
Co. Mrs. McVIcars basket secured
the ■ second prize, a silver-plated set
of, fruit servers,' given by Mr. J. Gordon,, the. amount of $15 being bid fo_-
it. The third prize, also given by
T. Lebtl and Co., a studded comb, was
won by Miss Ruth Crosbio's- basket
with a bid of $12. Mrs. Moody's basket, as a two-deck wedding cake, was
warmly commended, and obtained a
bid of $10. The total amount realized by the'-baskets was $154, and for
sale of tickets $21, thus giving a net
amount of $175. , At the conclusion of
the auction the various partners partook-of supper and laughter and jest
reigned sureme to the witching hour
of midnight. The floor was then
cleared and a dance run by Messrs
Hawes and Moody then commenced,
and lasted until 4 o'clock. 'An excellent orchestra was, provided and a
good time was spent by all.
NO BY-ELECTIONS TILL FALL
OTTAWA, May ,6.—It is unlikely
that the four bye elections for vacancies in the commons will occur before
fall. / The constituencies open are
Richelieu, where the Lifieral was unseated; South Lennox, owing to the
appointment of Haughton Lennox .to'
the -bench; Macdonaid, Man.,' by the
appointment of W. D. Staples to the
grain commission, and Kootenay, by
the appointment of A. S. Goodeve to
the railway commission.
vuo'thnt ono'good old-tlmor was missing.    You all know who I mean-one
who wns a good all-round sport—nono
-othor than "Jim" Lindsay,
oh, where has ho gone?
Tho Anchor's Weighed."
Beaver Mines Union Church
A very successful concert and basket social was hold ;ln tho - Pioneer
Hnll at Bonvor Mines on Wednosdny
May 1st, In aid of tho Building Fund
for tho proposed new church, nnd tho
mnnagorfl Were weU'ple'ftBofl witi. tho
support nocordod them,; tbo largo hall
bolng woll fl.lod."'">A varied 'program
was submlttol,'' ■ Du'otB, recitations and
songfl bolng weil rendered by tho vnrious turns, Amongst" tho vocnltats.
special montlori must bo mndo of Mrs.
Smith nnd Mrs. MoVlcnr. ' Tho singing of Mrs. Lowory nnd tbo Mlssos
Blcotto was' also wnrmly applnudod.
Amongst tlio gontlomon'vocalists tho
old stnnd-bys enmo up ngnln smiling,
Mr. A. W. Hawes, and Mr. W. T.
Moody, onch giving two songs nrid
nllcltlng wnrm npplnuso, Itocltntlons
by MIbb Crosblo and Miss Mngglo
Kemp proved n wolcomo chnngo ln tho
progrnm.nrid Mr. J. Gould gavo a
monologue In his Inlmltnblo manner.
A duel by Mosflrs, Crnw.or'd nnd Prior
was well received and hopes wore expressed thnt tholr singing will bo
benrd more frequently nt futuro con-
CM-i-'i., i. vtouui in) (nv.tiious not to
mako mention of tho violin solo rend-
«wd by Mr. J. Crawford. This artist
hns mado a rcputnlion In tho neighborhood nnd his rondy willingness to
v-*_.i_a .ti mu ftooa ob.*et bus mndo
him a special favorite an<| his turns
woro always awaited oagoriy and enthusiastically applandorl. Miss VAnti
Bmlth gave a numb Action aong, bo-
Ing woll and sympathetically,received.
"Mv Old Kentitrky TtnmA.» n'y ttw
Aooilon Chorus brought a very sne-
WJiito, ' <"/>K*fii. rtfTirwrt to 1*1 r-Ioncf jfr, X7.
Perhaps j T, Moody then mounted tho aur*^
Ab, well; itloneers rostrum and proc«oded with
Southern
HOTEL
BELLEVUE, Alberta
--Eve'ry
convenience
and   ■''!...■   .
attention/..
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
William Evan's, Proprietor
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars'
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
weJJ Twnembor yon, Jim, and tho bc*t -the sale of tho baskets, fn MAtr tn
of luck co with you is the wish of tho | glvo lost to tho bidding Messrs T
bow from tho C. N. P. football and 'I_*h*. »r.<_ Co., aa-l Mr. J. QtrriStm the
atwotio, sportsmen, .«>*_ romMnr *«>.**.#., htti offcro-I
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridfce, Alta.
Shiiohh Gun
8TCPSCCUC^;-T'f,r"F^r,v'7,
•kice. jjcknri
Rocky Mountain       -]\
     UM
A  At the Famous Sulphur Springs
A.     A    FRANK, Alta.?
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience    *
SULPHUR BATHS.   BUS TO ALL TRAINS
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
,   Wholesale Dealers in
Wines, Liquors and
CIGARS
. FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK. ■,>'
. -   .'. Phone 83,' Frank, Alta.
Hardware and Furniture
We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.    Everything in
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
1 Furniture
Carpets and Rugs ,
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co!, Limited
Phone 7     FRANK, Alta.
P.O. Box 90
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
-Importers'©.?  n—    rT*
;, ITALIAN   PRODUCTS
'7       '   and Dealers in
/, Domestic  Groceries x
, '* . * ;   , o
Agents for Steamship Companies. ' Mew Michel, B.C.:
»"•■
Dealer In   ,
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   ait   Lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
Alta.
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let us know your wants.
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Attention.
Slater   Shoes
Wo h:.vp jr.". r.pi
ramt of rij' th(v:c famous ,*.;
° *¥""& ""'I'"
•JILL     L,L4
">}u/{-* »....| ...at; .lm
best mhj;.. of $4.r#0, .$">, anil Jjifi kIiuch ovur
shown in Hoamcr. .See the now stylus di.s-
plnyuil this week in Huutli window.
Hosmer
A.   MII_.CS   &   SON
B.C.
!
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingmaris trade
G. A. CLAW ;-; PropriaCoy ■il»mwjunii.i»*i'M(.'..'.irtiMiMWiiwftm
\-~--" -- A*   7*7-"7,-7yA77-.yA7.'""7^7""'.y   A?~AA'A;- ''■■■AAA.' AAA 77 "/A"*-   .7**" .•■?"-A- yy
'MB D__«1_|0T^E^GER.MU^^C.^M^ A  "-X X:"S-   *
.7.-.
».-. -,v-
'•.
-■--j-fe;-'
'-Ai?
?•>?
J'- ih* »«&., ^  t.
- - :l. v*.
*;
FERNIE
Cigar Store
Lunch
Counter
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and,'very
"      -. Inviting
, 1
Just the place after the
show or, from the rink7
Fred. Armstrong
Proprietor
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
KING'S  HOTEL
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Hiipplied with   tho  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay!!»
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
*■* i
Everything
, Up-to-date
' Gall in and
see us once
Text of,the Measure*
1:   (1.) It shall be an implied term
of every contract for the employment
oi.,a .workman .underground in a coal
mine'that' the -employer shall pay .to
that workman wages at not less than
the"minimum rate settled under this
Act and applicable to that workman
unless it is certified in manner provided by the "district rules that the workman is'a person. excluded under the
district rules from the operation of this
provision, or that the workman has
forfeited the right to wage_ at the minimum rate by reason of his failure to
comply with" the conditions with respect to the regularity or efficiency of
the work to be performed by "workmen
laid down by those rules;  and any
agreement for the payment of wages
in so far as it is in contravention.of
this provision- shall- be void.
; For the purposes of this Act, the ex-
pression "district rules" means rules
under the powers given by this act by
the joint district boards.
' (2) Tlie  district  rules    shall    lay
down conditions, as respects the district to which they apply, with respect
to  the exclusion  from , the right to
wages at ^ the minimum rate of "aged
workmen and infirm workmen (Includ-.
ing workmen partially disabled by illness or accident), and shall lay down
conditions with respect to the regularity and'efficiency of the work-to
be performed by the workmen, and
with respect to the time for .which a
workman, is to be paid in the event of
any interruption of work due to an
emergency, and shall provide that "a
workman  shall  forfeit'-.he"right 'to
wages at the minimum rate if he does
not comply with, conditions as to regularity and .efficiency of work, except in cages where the failure to comply with the conditions is due to some
cause over which he has no control.
"■ The district rules • shall also make
provision with respect to the persons
by whom and the mode in which any
question^ whether any workman in the
district is a workman to whom*   the
minimum rate of wages is applicable,
or whether a workman7 has complied
with the conditions laid down, by the
rules, or whether a workman" who has'
not complied with the c'onidtions laid
down by- the rules has forfeited "his
right .to wages at the minimum rate
is to be sdecided and for a certificate,
being given for any such decision for
the purposes.of this section.*"
 f3\_£hiv,nrQyjgiQnS~0£-UliS-SeQti0n_aS
to payment' of wages at a minimum
rate shall operate as from tbe date
of the passing of this Act, although* a
minimum rate' of wages may not have
been settled, and any sum which
would have been payable under this"
section to a workman on account of
wages If a' minimum rate had been
settled may be recovered hy the work-
JOHN PODBIELANOIK, Prop.
men or .classes of workmen employed,
underground'; in*.-those. mines/ j-Qther
than mines-to* which and.'workmen to
whom a special minimum, rate, or special/district rules'settled under, the provisions of thia Act is or "are applicable,
or mines. to which and. workmen to
whom the joint'district board-declare
that the , general*, district rates and
general district rules shalfnotbe applicable' pending the.decision of'the
question whether a- special district
rate or special district rules ought to
be settled in-their case. 7   '"  . *- ■
(4) The-joint,district board of any
district may,' if it is shown to them
that any .'general district  -minimum
rate or general district rules are not
applicable in tho,case of any group or
class of coal mines within the district,
owing to the special circumstances of
the group or class of mines, settle a
special minimum rate (either higher
or lower than the genearl district rate)
or special district rules (either more
or less stringent than the general- district rules)  for that group or class
of mines, and any. such special' rate
or special rules shall be ~ the rato or
rules applicable to that group or-class
of mines instead bf ihe general dis-_
trict minimum rate or general district
rules.   ,-   /   ' 7- ■  7'
■i  (5) For the purposes of settling mini
muni rates of wage the joint district
board may subdivide   their    district
Into two parts, or,' if the members of
the joint district board  representing
the workmen and the members representing the employers agree, into more
than two.parts, and in that'case each
part of the "district as so subdivided
shall, for the, purpose of the minimum
rate, be treated, as the district •'* 7
"(6)* For the purpose of settling district rules, any joint district boards
may agree that their districts shall be
treated as one district, and in that
case those -districts shall be treated
for that purpose. as one" combined district, with a, combin-
ed district . coninii.tee appointed
as may be agreed between the joint
district boards concerned, 'and the
chairman *b'f such one of the districts
forming .the combination as may'-be
agreed upon between the joint district' boards .concerned, or, in default
of agreement, determned by the Board
of Trade, shall be the chairman, of
the combined district committee. •    .-
'3. ■ (1) Any minimum rate of*-wages'
or district .rules settkd under this Act
shall—remain—inifony1—until—varicrt—!n-
accordance with" the provisions of this
Act.,      y      - ; ,      •. , -. '\     ,
- (2) The joint: district board of a
district.shall have power to vary(i any
minimum rate of wages or district rules for the time, being in*force in their
district—, *, ";
(a) at any time .by agreement between the ..members. of the joint'dis-
fail to deal with .the, applicatidn.7 the
chairman of ,the' joint district board
shali settle the rates or rules, or deal
with the, application,7as the: case:"may
be in place of the joint district board,'
and- any minimum" rate, of'.wages or
district rules settled by him shall have
the same effect for. the? purposes of
this Act as if they hadbeen settled by.
the joint district board:     A
Provided'that if .the members of the
joint district11 board representing ?the
workmen and the members representing employers" agree,.or. if the chairman of the joint district board directs,
that a specified period longer than
three weeks shall for the purposes of
this subsection be, substituted for three
weeks/this subsection shall have effect, as if that specified period were
therein substituted for three ^week's.
B.°* (1) In this A.ct—
The expression "coal mine" includes
amine of stratified ironstone;   „'y
The expression "workman" means
any person employed In a .coal mine
below the ground, other, than.
(a) A person so employed, occasionally or casually oniy;- or
(b) A person so employed solely in
surveying -and measuring; or
(c) A' person so employed as me:
chanic; or- _7 ,  r
(d) Tlie manager or any under-man-
ager of.the mine; or *,.   .
(e) Any other official of the mine
whose position in the mine is fecqgniz-
ed by ihe joint district board as being
a position different from that of;.a
workman.' .    , "
(2) If it "is thought fit byany^ persons when appointing a chairman for
the • purposes' • of this. Act, or by the
Board of Trade when so appointing a
chairman, the office of-chairman may
be committed to three persons, and in
that case" those three persons acting
by a majority shall be deemed to be
the chairman for the purposes of this
Act '-\--
,6. (1) This;Act may be cited as
the Coal Mines (Minimum Wage) Act,
1912.   '" " :
7, (2) This Act shall continue in force
for three- years from, the date of the
passing'thereof and no longer, unless.
Parliament shall otherwise, determine.
, - - .SCHEDULE- i .   ,     .
Districts
, Northumberland. ■    .
Durham,, _y  .
Cumberland.'   •,-.'*
Lancashire'and Cheshire., *'. ", ..
" South Yorkshire. ;, .     .■ -  ' **
-At
look rem;
TH^ BLUE PACKAOg
SEE tHATLABEL ON 7
PACKAGE .5 BtLUE;
NO OTHER COlCm EVER USED ON
ROYAL VEAST
REMEMBER THE COLOR BLUE
ELW.G<LLEtTGaLTDt
gjj,     TORONTO - ONT.   A^a
WeWHTPTj
s
so the great sovereign State of Ohio
is but exercising Its normal functions
when it proposes to frame its organic
law so as to promote; the moral and,
material, welfare of the.wage earners,
who form' so large a part of its great
citizenship. \ •>..©•
Second, such a proposal ought to.be
adopted because the legislature would
then have power tb enact laws providing for a minimum wage.   No man
dares to deny that any worker should
earn less than living wages.     It requires a certain amount of money to
provide a decent, respectable living.
Such an amount should be ascertained
and that should be the minimum amount a wage earner should receive in
return'for'his labor. - No law, either
natural or artificial, should be tolerated which deprives any man of an honest, decent, respectable living'for himself and family.-■ t  Any form of' com-,
petition which tends to reduce the
earning power of the wage earner below the "amount required to provide a
living*;' is ^indefensible and should be
prevented by statutory law:    We enact laws to protect society,,against .burglars, murderers, thieves,"etc."* "We
pass laws creating, and clothing with
great power local and state boards of
health in order to protect the health of
the people • then why should we not
pass laws to protect society from pov
erty and its deadly effects. Much more
reason why we-should do-this because
poverty is the chief source of disease
and crime.,-   _■"'..;.'      ■ '      ,'-
"The; wage earners of Ohio, however,
must be alert If • they expect to se- 7
cure the, adoption of tliis proposal,as -
well as the other proposals providing- „
for tho Initiative and referendum, Judl-.
clal reform, etc.    Powerful Influences
will bo at work to prevent their adop-',
tlon by the people.    Already they are
organized and active, preparing for a
campaign, in which they will attempt/
to defeat all of these much-needed reforms.-    This ls\a' supreme opportu-"
nity which has come to ,the masses of
Ohio, and so theyv should take advan-
egat of same, for?,it will not- come
again for decades at last. '  Interest'
should be * aroused -among , the wage
earners and their friends throughout
the state.     These matters should be
talked about-in meetings,, at home,'
wherever possible everywhere', so that,,
each worker may understand what it:
all means,' and then when the day-
comes for the -"voters' of Ohio to pass
upon these' questions, let the workers '
turn out and as sovereigns of a great .,
commonwealth *' approve   with   their ,
votes,'these much-needed reforms by ,
an   overwhelming   majority.—United
Mine Workers* Journal.     •      .-,-/'
man from his employer at any time
trict board representing the workmen
Nowhsro In tha Pass can bt
found In iuch a display of
Meats
Wt have tha bait money
ean buy of Beef. Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Ego*. P'»hi "Imperaior Harm
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welnere and Bauer Kraut,
PHONB OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56
HOTEL
VENEZ1A
n
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every poraon llkos (o bo comfortablo. Wo havo tbo .atcit
doal.ro of, steam hooting apparatus in ovory room. Our menu
U tbo boit. Wo guarantoo sat-
lifactlon. Two blocks from 0.
1>. II. Depot, old and now faces
■welcomed.
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
ASSAYER
k,  w.  vriDcotTaoJ1;. Att»r*r *.,..
Chemist. Bo* 0 IU*. Nation. Tl, a
Chawii.—Gold. Silver, Lmrt or Copper,
II.(P. Price* for ouiar iin-iam- Or.t.1,
Stmtnt. rtreclay analyiu on application. The Ur**.t c_i*.om amy office
la Oritlih Coluukta.
A. VAN QDB82WALD
THOS. W. COBBAN
Slouibcra of the Victoria Bca!
Estate ExchAQg-s
Writ* u for information abont
honei tod inveatmeaU in Victoria
P. 0. Box WO
Cor, Fort and Quadra flj.rei.tJ.
Hotel Michel
Michel. B.C.
Lighted with Tungeten Lamp!
Oitarmoor MaUraitet
Clean Linen
Pur* Pood
after the rate is settled.
2. (1.) Minimum rates of wages
and district rules for the purposes of
this Act shall be settled separately
for,each of the districts named in the
Schedule to this Act by a body, of
persons recognized hy the Board of
Traders tho joint district hoard for
that district.
Nothing in tliis Act shall prejudice
tho operation of any agreement entered Into or custom existing beforo tho
passing of this Act for the payment of
wages at a rato higher than tho minimum rato settled undor this Act, ftnd
In settling any minimum rato of wafOB,,
tho Joint,district board shall havo regard to tho average dally rato of wagos paid to tho workman of tho class'
for which tho minimum rato Is to bo
settled.
(2) Tho Doard of Trado may recognize as a joint district board for any
district any body of parsons, whether
existing at tho timo of tho passing of
tbis Act.or constituted for tho purposes of this Aot, which In tho opinion
of tho Doard of Trado fairly and adequately re-prosonts tho workmon in
coal mines, in thc district and tho
omployors of thoso workmon, and the
chairman of which Is an Ind-enondont'
person appointed by agreement between tho persons  representing  tha
workmen nnd omployors rosoctlvoly on
tho body or In default of agreement
by tho Board ot Trad*.
The Honnl of Trndo mny, as a condition of rocognltlnR ns a joint district board'for Iho purposes of this
Act any body tho rules of which do
not provide for sccurhiR equality of
voting powor botwoon tho mombors ro-
presenting workmon nnd tho menv
bers reproiontlnf, omployors, and for
giving tho chairman a casting votn In
caio of difference between tho two
clnises of members, require, that body
to ndopt any such rulo ns tho Hoard
of Trado may* approve tor tho purpouo,
{and any rulo so adopted shall bo
|deemed to bo a rulo governing tho
procedure of the bouly for itio purpoM*
of this Act.
(3) Tbo joint district board of a
district shall sottlo gonoral minimum
rat«s of warm sod general district
ruins lor ttie d.wr.r. tin ii-is Xtx inferred to ab general district minimum
rotes and general district rulo*), nnd
tho general district minimum rates nad
general district rules shall bo lho
rates and rules applicable throughout
tbo w-hof*. or? thn (.iVrfrf. fo sll «*or»?
mines In the district and to all work.
Rates....
|2.i0 per day
W. L. F01SY  -   Kwagur
Dr. de Van's Female Pillt
A .•lUbl- r.rtrff.r»r*.-.«f IM.-*._.'». TfceM
pill* va «_U4*l(n«lf MW-ilul in t ._ruU.__t<_ the
imcrtt)T« ponton «*"* I*")*!* «T*me». K«N*e
all thaap t_*lUttoa*. Vn Aa Tu'. tre eold it
ri.-if-.Jt. at tHtr*fortJil M»i'j«a t« anvaHSiru.
ttkie Be*t*U Wag <*„ S«. C*U_*rl_.e_. Oak
and the members" representing the employers; and     '. * v
(b) after one year has.elapsed since
tho rate or rules, were last settled or
varied, on an application made with
three months' notice .given after the
expiration of the year by any workmen
or employers, which appears to tho
joint district board to represent any
considerable body of opinion amongst
either the workmen or tho employers
concorned: ,and tho.provisions of this
Act as to the settlement of minimum
rates of wages or district rulcB shall,
so far as applicable, apply to tho variation of, any such rate ior rules.
4.   (1) If  within   two  weeks after
tho passing of this Act a jo.nt district
board has not been recognized by the
Doard of Trado for any district, or if
at any tlmo after'tho passing of this
Act any occasion arisos for the exorciso or performance In any district of
any powor or duty undor this Act by
tho joint district board, and thoro Is no
joint district board for tho district,
tho Doard of Trado may oltbor forth*
with -or nftor such Interval an may
doom to them necessary or expedient,
appoint such person as they think tit
to act in the placo of the Joint district board, and, whllo thnt appointment continues, this Act shall bo construed, so far ns rospocls that district, as If tbe poraon ao appointed
wero substituted  for tbo Joint district board. . Tho fionrd of Trodo ln
ny such caso whoro It appears to thorn
that tho nocosslty for tho oxorclso
of tholr powers undor this provision
arisos from tho failure of tho employers to appoint mombors to represent
omployors on a board whon tho workmon aro willing to appoint mombors to
roproiont workmen, or from tho failure of tho workmen to appoint mombors to rcprosont workmen on a
board whon tho omployors aro .willing to appoint mombors to represent
employers, may. if they think fit, In-
Blend of snnolntlni. h wrunn to set
in place of tbo joint district board,
appoint such persons aa thoy think
fit   to represent   tho   omployors or
tbe workmon,  ,as   tbo   caso   may
bo, who have failed to appoint members to repreftcnt them; and In thnt
rase tho n.«m..or* so appointed by tho
"Hoard of Trsdoahall be deemed to be
members of tho board,   representing
omployors or workmon as tbo caso
require*.
(2) If the joint district board within
three •*<.«!.» after the tlmo at which
It has been recognised under this Act
fur uuv tl.»-..it-t fMi. to settle the first
minimum rates of wages and district
board, within thr«« weeks if ter tb*
expiration of a notice for an application nr.drr this Act to vary any mini-
tnuta rate of wages or district rules
,.West .Yorkshire.  .. , ---V
Cleveland. < o  "
.Derbyshire"  (exclusive - bf,   South
Derbyshire).     ""' ...
. South Derbyshire. '     .*•       '
Nottinghamshire. , <. ,._
Leicestershire.  . • ".     -
' 'Shropshire.
North Staffordshire.
South Stafford '(exclusive   of   Cannock Chaso) and East Worcestershire,
Cannock Chase.   ,
WarwicksTilre.. ■     .
Forest of Dean.
Bristol." '
Somerset.*?
North Wales
South Wales( Including Monmouth).
The mainland of Scotland.
Where a mine, ,"though sltuato In
one of these districts, has for Industrial purposes been customarily dealt
with In tho Bamo.manner as a mlno
situate In an "adjoining( district, that
mine shall for tho purposes of this
net bo treated as sltuato ln the latter
district, if tho joint district boards of
tho two districts so agree.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
Lumber fop all
Purposes
here at any-time and in any.
~' quanity.- - ' You  cannot, swamp.
. us with a large ?order, or?1 give ,-.■
* ='us so small a one that we will, *
.' not attend'to it. y '; .    '.".A.
- * *.'-;7(iri*«S;|X>'' *t^«ii*F'--:-s
•5+560-.
.OFFICE and YARD,   McPHERSON  AVE., OPP. Q. N
.ml a Mi-h»*^A jr«r._rm ADnC DCAIUICi	
"I nEllL"«nt-|lvnnuurui.niii»-
JOISTS, SHINGLES, Etc.
for any'kind of. building you-
may ■ be * at work upon. Have
us send you "what you want
when you want.lt.
DEPOT,   FERNIE.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE,
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O.. LLD., D.O.L. PRESIDENT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, GENERAL MANAGER ;>
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000       REST,-   $8,000,000
DRAFTS ON FOREIGN.COUNTRIES
Every brum* of The Canadian Bank tt Coaaieroe la equipped to issue drnfta «•
"** SS. h_*__m   "-    ihnwr:
PROGRESSIVE   OHIO
Stands for a Minimum Wage
AW
Amfcta,    ,
ArrwtlM-
Au-tm!_»
Awtrift-Hcagwy
B. »iU,
BulrurU
CnlM
rSHuamia
P-nlft
SMi
SouAm.,
SoutbAfdM.
Sptit
SSSa
**r
rwtaa>>
Tarkay
SJET        Sg^_u.cM__»fi3. ~msr:.      _*_***
TkTl^omt rfthew AraltM is atatedl^ttie*»*«*» t^^^L°lS^^i
Ma j that Is Uwr a~ ***• hi taetttnc .Une*, maaka, Vm, Juvoan, ™»».J2»j
Ki^«£,M«-«*-»yb-. TWa ««R«a «hat th. pay-«bro«J^
neeive the adaat
FERNIE BRANCH
___»)
L. A. 8. DACK, Manager.
Dy William Qreon ,
The Ohio constitutional convention
has adopted a proposal providing for n
minimum wage, If this ls ratified by
tho pooplo of Ohio, tho General As-
sorably Vvlll have authority to onaot legislation providing for a minimum
wago in all Industries,
This Is a most advanced stop, It
might bo called revolutionary, a word
that shocks.and frightens that class of
socloty who, figuratively speaking, aro
joined to thoir, Idols, a term unod by
those who ralso a false alarm ngalnst
all forms of human progress.
It is fitting, howovor, that Ohio
should load In this reform, It In
characteristic of tho progressive tea*
doncles of hor pooplo, It stamps tho
Duckoyo Stato as a loador In industrial
social and economic reforms, and reflects to a marked degree tho growing
liberalism of tho groat Mlddlo Wost.
Tlut what about this proposal? Is It
fundamentally sound? And If so ought
tt bo adopted? The answer is yes
to both Inquiries, First it is sound
bocausc a minimum wago, If It
moans anyining, weans a imng wag*.
ii.-..! _i lUina M'ti^n iut^ua tt/t..*-. -a..-
ferment and human bapplncsii. It
naturally follows, therefor*, that any
legislation which promotes those
worthy objects is uoth sound and do-
that largo part of socloty who aro
most exposed to tho ravaging offects
of Inhuman competition, and need tho
protection of legislative -enactment. It
Is tho weak tbat n«eds the protection
of jrowrnrnwit ajalnst the strong- snd
powerful. It is for this purpose tor*
nntrmnta «rw tomtA smnnj. mfln, And
Goods
Tho winnin-j of tho gamo depends a wholo lot on tho "tools"
tho players ubo. Our Sporting Goods Department is amply
equipped with tlio vory boBt of all kinds of sporting' goods for,,
out-door sports—for ovory gamo for old and young—for amateur or professional. It is vory much to your advantago to
buy of us.    Spocial prices to clubs and organizations.
Bleasdell's Drug Store
DRUdB AND STATIONERY        , FERNIE, B.O.
■A
."U
Shiloh* Gum
eutevtv arooa eotra_4«, euaca eotoii,
Htai* tkc THaoar *mo iwnaa. sa etur*
ITflKI
wumatmamM
Capital Paio Up , ,...• 2,H70,ooo
Reserve and Undivided Profits  9,800,000
Total Am»*H....  44.000,000
It la not in Its powor to purchaso tbat tha
groatost valuo of monoy lies. Tho fooling
ot luflepouoenw, and ot security against the
effect* of advoreo fortuno tbat a reserve fund
gives you, Is infinitely moro satisfying than
tho passing gratification which you would
obtain by spending It.
Small amount*—which i you will hardly
mlss—iJopQi-lted w>gnh»r.y. will g. ImduaHy, but.
surely accumulate to a sum largo enough to
Insure against tho effects of buslnona reverses or loss of employment
J. R. Sloan, Aarenc
/ r, yy- "i •*''."- '.-\-   ""-;* . -.   /    '7     r
-\--y   -A"•*-.-vv--"<
-..'f^^_."'-'-.7- • y
■rncH.-i.m_MB ktVii!iitaxV9s&,tKflUs3to2iitisi*m
aa»stsflai«*i^^w>srsJtsu4si
■-V ~*rt       -"*•- ■
'-/A
^' -f  :   -     »•-
Tin DBBTliOT XJEDG1&, FEEXXI, B. C, MAY 12, 1013.
PAGE SEVEN
if*.' v-
"Just, received, ™ a' shipment',, .'of*f
•EDISON PHONOGRAPHS and *
vicTOR 'GBAMAPHONIES. A 7
-' "Hundreds  of 'latWt' Records.'
.-VioIIna7  Guitars, ■ "Accordeons,
''; Sheet Music, etc., etc. ,
1 machines; SOLD 'on easy
PAYMENT   PLAN.  ?     .
KENNEDY'S
DRUG AND BOOK STORE,
..-- New Michel
ATHEREXALL STORE.".
Italian
You're always welcome here
Clean? Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention ;"!     ,
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
L. E. McDonald
HORSESHOEING -
GENERAL    BLACK8MITHING
and -■   Y-   ..
CARRIAGE   BUILDING
7 *        ■. •      j ,        A , f-
Express and Delivery Wagons a
" /     y . Spec.al.ty7
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
, BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,  B.C.
:< £fl N G E R   I
■ <. ^7^___i- ■      *  -■>
jV EWING
| MACHINE   CO
■ t ; ■'   -. •
■ * •  '- ■   ' • - ' •
<   mWrnrnWamWUKKKKKMEnMrnW
■t	
t
•.
■c
t
.«     '.
?.    Agent
• -
■I
•_
■«
TTTTTTTTTTTTTT"
WM.     BARTON
Fernie -' Branch
Pellatt    Ave.    North
♦ 4> <©•"«*• •»♦♦•*♦•+-<»•*-
?t
{Ferflie Dairy
1
t
FRESH  MILK
"•: ' delivered    to   all. v
parts of the town
I
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers.
Proprietors .
i
The Cash
Grocery
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
Applos, por box ........ .$2.16
-Macenroni por hot,... ..$1.50
Spuds, cwt , .$2.25
.Lemons, por doz. .,,,.,.,,   .30
OrangoB, regular 7G for ..   .60
"    rogula'r .GO for 40
"    rogular .4*, for 30
Bulk Tea, regular .50, now   .25.
Tomatoos, 0 cans for ,..;91.06'
1 Pons, Donns Corn, mixed
0 cans for .., $1.00
This Sale applies tor Cash only.
E. F.  RAHAL
■■y-JL SOCIALISMO NON MUO'R'*''A
. Se si dovesse prestar credito alle as-
serzionl della atampa borgh»se'«-4all»
predizlonl degli avyersarl, 4l-*SpciaUB-
mo dovrebbe, da anni, .esser compteta-
mente morto e sepnlto, spazzato definl-
tiyamente dalla vita pubblica. ■ . y ,
. I; socialist perdono ramininiBtrazi*;
bnedi une conmneo dl un" seggio par-
^amentare, non raccolgon la vittbria' di
uno sciopero di protesta o dl conquista
proletaria, sono sulla breccia per sfi-
dare la reazione govefnativa o l'impo-
polarita delle masse ubbriacate' da un
falso miraggio, attraversano period! di
stasi o fasi di interna critica'pufifica-
trice, edecco i becchini antisocialistl
di tutte le gradazioni borghesi sbrac-
clarsi a scavare la fossa e sudar a dar
fiato alle loro trombe per sonar il requiem al Sbcialismb, salvo" poi- veder-
selo risorgere inanzi piu forte, ■ piu
energico, piu combattivo, piu- vivo di
prirJia e proprio quando no credevano
seomparsa ogni vestigia. ■; ' *•*
• E i'allegra storia si rlpete'ad inter-
mitterize e,in tutti i paesl del mondo
ove l'azlone del Partito Socialista da'
buon filo da torcere alle classl gov-
ernanti, e ogni qualvolta la navicella
del Soclalismo resiste "alle raffiche'o
raccoglie le sue balde e talvolta insufficient! forze, onde- infrangere* e
spezzare le vaste -e poderose' onde
oceaniche degli interessi borghesi coa-
lizzati.
^ In Italia fra la haldoria'del pretume,
e del nazionalismo siicchione e guerra-
fondaio, e° i'ubbriacatura dell'opinione
pubblica, fra lo scombussolamento del
partitt' democratic! e la dedizione dl
noti uomini politic!, II Partito Socialista nella sua massa, ha saputo fin
dal primo giorno tener testa alia novella impresa Africaha.,.
Jl suo maggior organo, ilAaloroso
"Avantl!" diretto da Claudio Treves,"
ha condbtlo una flera'e indomita cam-*
pagna" contro Io sperpero dl tanti mi-
lioni e Ndi tante giovanti vite, denun-
ziando le conseguenze letali che 1'im-
presa Tripolina costerry popolo italiano.
. E" basto la 'non completa riuscita
dello sciopero generale che parte del
proletariate italiano fece all'inizio della
guerra e come protesta contro la guerra stessa, bastarono le grandiosi dimo-
strazioni di popolo accompagnanti le
prime truppe .partenti per la guerra
m'aledetta, erche 1'italico nazionalismo
L:;;-A;Ffench;:;
VE& FEfcTMES•'ET7L_-7SOCIALISME
-v Parce qu'elles, ne yotent pas les ou=-
vleres. sont-elles" moins Interessantes
que les travallleurs?"-'Les femmes qui
travaillent sont'dims tous ,les payB legion et explolteea d'une "facon abom-
inables pares que? non organisees.non
syndiquees. "~ Aussi'serait-ceJe^ devoir
des camarades-militants femmes et
hommes," qui ont le.tempset les aptitudes'necessaires de'se met.re?a la
besogne pour amener dans les rangs
du parti socialiste le plus de travail-
leuses possible afiri qu'elles compren-
nent que si, elles ne peuvent, par le
bulletin de.vote, manifester leur opinion' experimer leurs desirs, elles peuvent au sien de ce parti remplir un
role peut-etre plus efficace encore poiir
Emancipation- politique de toute la,
classes ouvriere. II faut que les pro-
pagandistes se devouent avec zele a
cette oeuvre de propagande et que cette propagande menee activement solt
capabl de secouer, d'interesser d'amen-
er a l'ldeal social lea- exploitees do
toutes les conditions.'
Les conferences, causeries organl-
sees de toutes parts a cet effet ne
sauraient sjiffire; • d'abord beaucoup
de, femmes, qui, apres une journee do
travail, dolvent encore s'occuper des
trsivaux du menage, et vaquer a toutes lea ocupations multiples qu'ils com-
portent, devant s'occuper de leur. en-
fants, n'ont pas toujours la possibility
de se rendre a des reunions, a des conferences. 'r- Quelquefois aussi les su-
jets, de ces conferences sont trop arid-
es, trop-savants et n'attirent pas les,
travailleuses, a venir les entendre.
Mais ce qui serait mieux ce serait que
les porteurs de bonnes paroles alias-
sent a la sortie des usines, des ateliers
des magasins, des bureaux, etc., faire
entendre la"* parole socialiste a toutes
les exploitees., En sa chant les entre-,
prendre adroitement, en leur expliqu-.
ant' clairement le programme socialiste, on peut etre sur que mieux et plus
vite que les hommes elles sentiraient
le, bien fon'de de nos revindications.
A Paris, quelques femme1. ont depa en-
trepris cette tache delicate et difficile
etTont preconisee comme un des meil-
leurs moyens d'utile et d'excellente'
propagande?- ' ■>
L'ouvriere   sait, discerner aujourd'
hui qu a l'atelier," a 1'usine, a la fabri-
Slavonian?
SOCIALI8TA HOSTOM KONGRES8U
., ,   spoj! STATOV    -7
fanforone e i siioi giornali decretas-1 que, aux champspartout elle donne le
and Sale; Stables
" First class HorseR'for Sale.'
i-Suys-Horses-on-Cors-ifnlsloRi
.fl
-fi
George Barton ;   Phone 78
W. :j. Cole
BELLEVUE
Hair Dressing
Pool
Billiards
Cigars      „
Tobaccos
\ , Bowling Alley
Drop In
8UD8CRIQE TO THE  LEDGER
NEGLECT
To domino tho systom of ^undlgostod
food, foul gases, oxcobb bilo in tho
livor and waato matter in tho bowels
will Impair your hoalth. Tho bOHt
syntom regulator Is FIQ PILLS,
At all donlors, 2D nnd CO cents, or
Tho Pig PIJ1 Co., St, Thomas, Ont.
Sold In.Fornlo dt McLean's Drug aid
Hook Store,
List of Locals District 18
20
481
481
.103
040
1227
18117
2(133
8877
1120
917'.
nn
1303
NAME ,     8EO, and P. O. ADDRESS
nnnltliead ......... F, Whoatley, __an._lM.nd, Altn.
Boavor Crook P. Qaughton, Doavcr Crook, via Plnchor
Hollovuo,.,,,,.,,.. J, Durko, TJollovuo, Frank. Altn.     ,i
Dlalrmoro •  D, J, Chase, Blairmoro, AUa.
Jiurmls............ Jos.   r»nrhvi«H.lr«*>, T-iinnlB  Altn.
Carbondalo........ J. Lonshorry, Carhondnlo, Coloman, Altn.
Canmoro • N, D. Thnohuk, Canmoro, Altn.
Coloman W. Qraham, Colomnn, Altn.
Corbln ............  It. Jonos, Corbln, I), C.
Chinook Mlnos .... P. Kolty, Diamond City, Altn.
Diamond City Albort __ak, Diamond City. T^thbrldw.
Pernio ............ Titos. "Uphill, Fornlo, D. C.
Frank,  G. NIcol, Frank, Alta,
sero la morte del Partito Socialista
che con la sua'attitudine"recisamente
avversa alia guerra aveva perduto ogni
infuenza ogni s_mpatia„ fra le masse
proletarie. *    •   J,'
,Le ele'zionl di ^Alessandria e di Vene-
zia, e la crescente agitazione contro la
guerra bastano asbugiardare le asser-
zionl nazionaliste, je ci assicurano che
ii-8ociaasm"o~iiaIianSTi_.iratf_iale~md:"
mento critico, uscira piu forte e piu
gagliardodi prima.
Altro che morte, fanfaronj!
A.,Milwaukee 1,'amministrazlone so:
cialista che da due. anni reggeva quel
Comune era la spina nell'occhio de?da
borghesia'non solo di quella citta, ma
deH'Amerlc'a tutta. Per caeciarla dal
potere si forma uri'ibrido cohnubio dl
democratic! e ropubblicani . di preti,
protestanti e massoni, e.vlncono.
Questa vittoria e salutata da un gri-
dodo di gloia dalla Btampa borgheso
tutta dall'Atlantlco alPacifico che si
affanna aconstatare la. morte del Soclalismo in America, sbnza tener con-
to che nella bella sconfitta il Partito
Socialista ha vlsto aumentaro I suol
suffrngl, clo o proludio di trionfo certo
fra pochi anni.
Ogni desidorio fortemente sentlto«o
non Vealizza'to, fa pnscero ' la mente
umnna dl illuslonl; illusion! che in tanto asBumono parvenzo reali quanto plu
11 desidorio dlvleno irreallzzabilo, uto-
pistlco, '   '      - „
^ La borghesla dl tutto il -mondo cho
ha cercato lnvnno Btrozznvo 11 movi-
mento socialista con la forca, con la
mitraglla, con In galeni, o lo porsoou-
zioni d'ogni genero, vedo con orroro
cho 11 Soclalismo dllnga si espando
dlvnmpa da per tutto, Nel croBcoro
della falango socialista, chbu vedo Io
spottro dolla' propla morto. Rspori-
monlatb tutti 1 mezzl o tutto lo vlo por
fronarno 1'lmpeto doll'idoa rodontrlca
cho corrotlo o porvorto tutti 1 rapportl
soclall vlgentl, ossa si sonto ormal im-
potonto, c sogna 1'illusiono dolla morto
dol Soclalismo,, como unico mezzo dl
sua aalyozza.
Atroco o iitoplstlca illuslonol II Soclalismo non morrn, non puo morlro,
porcho obbo plu cho forrea volonta dl
tiomlnl o 11 prodotto dolla prosonto societa capltiillstlca cho prlva dol dlrltto
nlln vita, una moltlliidlno Immonso cho
lo Rlolo o lo comodlta dolla vita produce.
II Partito Socialista contlnuorn a
chlamaro alia rlscoBBa~lo moHltudlnl
dol (llsorodatl o del sofforontl o a
schlornrll nolla lntta per In conqulsta
dol proprl diritti,
ISsso cossora dl oslstoro quando sulla
torra plu non vl saranno I gomltl urn-
ani dl umano -sofforonzo causnto dall'
ingluBtlzIa o dnllo differentia dl clnuso,
Allora 11 Soclalismo trasfipo nol
nuovl mnrmr.l ponlnH ncoftT^y?^?!^
lo gontl nuov<i flno nlln plu nlt« vni-tn
rtol porfoslonnmonto o dolla follcltn
umnnn,
B 11 Soclalismo snra. L'ldoa non
muorol— La Pnroln dol Socialist!.
meme effort que" son compagnon* de
travail pour un moindre salaire. Elle
sait, la managere que si ses petits ve-'
getent, c'est parce que le patron garde
pour lui la grosse part gagnee par le
pere de famille. -- Bile n'ignore plus
la travailleuse.de la'main ou du cer-
veau que. si,' contrairement a l'oisive
d'en  face,- elle *n'a pas de fourrure
rHiver, de"vete_aenfs chauds, que si
elle doit hablter. seule une petite man-
safde/une chambre exlgue sans air'
ni soleil? ou un affreux logement avec
sa famille, c'est parce qu'elle apparti-
enf a la classe qui pr'odiiit. Mais sur-
tout pour la femme lalssons la question "religion"-de cote ne mettons pas
la charrue avant les boeufs. Les prc-
tres se chargent eux-memes par Top-
position qu'ils font au socialisme, par
leur partlalite pour les families riches,
par leurs injustices envers les' families pauvres, par leur condulte couvent
scandaleusa lis so chargent de detruire
peu a peu choz les femmes,'jo ne (lira!
pas les croyanccs rollgleuses mals les
erstitlons religleuses mala les super
superstitions religleuses et leur fetich,
isme pour ceux qui sont, charges* de
les enBeigner, *- Que la propagande
solt ejcluslvemcnt socialisto et si nous
savonb blen l'orgnnisor los femmes
prendront vite place dans Iob rango
du Soclalismo on nombre ogal a celui"
dos hommes. Et tant que los fommes
rofUBoront'do s'cnroglmonter sbu's notre bannloro l'ldoo socialisto nvanccra
lentemont ct 1'licuro si attenduo de la
renovation soclalo en sera benucoup
rotardoo.    '" ' -,
Oul, c'ost Boulomont lorsquo do la
parole nous pnssorons rosolument aux
ados, c'ost Bculomont lorsquo nos
compngnos nbrltoos sous lo draponu
"dos revokes dos iIcuxboxos mcttront
resolumont la main a la pnto ot com-
baltront pour ln conquoto dos droits
des opprlmoB quo la socloto acluollo
pourra otro doflnltlvoment ronvors««,
quo sur Thumnnito pourra plnnor Tom-
blomo do la fratornlto,
Po prvy raz v dejinach Spbjv;Statov
predstaveny bol vo stredii, dna' 24,
aprila 1912, domu zastupcov socialista?
Je tonemecky sudruh Karol Legien.
Sudr. Karol Legien je jednym zo...H0
poslancov,; ktorl boll- minuleho roku
zvoleni" do . nemeckeho risskeho sue-
mu. Sudr. Legien je okremtoh'o se-
ki-etarom - nemeckeho socialnc-demo-
kraticlceho odboroveho sdruzenia, a
tiez i sekretavom medzinarodneho odboroveho sdruJjenia.
Do domu zastupcov bol sudr. Legien
uvedeny socialistickym kongressnikoin
sudr. V. Bergerom. Ked' bol sudr. Legien do domu uvedeny, odroCil Ba tento ria Stvrt' hodiny, aby Legien mohol
k zastupcom prehovorit'. Re5 sudr.
Legiena bola riaslerovna:
"PredovSetkym prajem si vam pod'
akovat' za tu {est, ktoru mi preuka-
zujete, lepSie refieneo,. ktoru preuka-
zali ste orgnnlsovanemu robotnlctvu v
Nemecku a v celom svete, tym, ze
ml dovol'ujete v snemovni poslancov
kongressu vaSej velikej zeme prehovorit'.    -   ■ A
Nemosno mi hovorit' k vam.v- meno
celeho nemeckeho naroda nasledkom
vel'kych rozdiclov, ktore panuju medzl
roznyml politlckymi stranami. Ale
vzdor tomu mozem vam tlumoSit' po-.
zdrav, od 2,500,000 organizovanych ro-
botonlkov a od 4,500,000 %'oli6ov z 11,-,
000,000 volicov. Zaro'ven tlumo5Im
yam pozdrav v mehe medzinarodneho
sekretariatu! ku ktoremu prinaleJia na-
rodne odborove svazy 20 zemi s prie-
mernym pofitom 10 milllonov Clenov.
Dovol'te mi'prehlasit', Ze organiso-
va^e robotniotyo je za pokrok nielen
v svojich vlastnych' krajinach, ale je
tie2 najsilnej-iim odporuCovatel'qm
mieru medzi narodmi. , Na§a soclalno-
demokraticka strana v, Nemeckom rli-
skomsneme urobila u2 nie raz natlak
na vladu, aby zamedzila yalku priaiel'
skym * vyjednavanim s nasimi sused-
n'ymi Statml. Nala strana je rozho-
dnym odporco'm politiky, ktora vedie
k Sialenemu zbrojeniu. Na§e hnutie
v celom svete sustred'uje svoje snahy
k tomu, aby bol zachoyany mier medzl narodmi, a nedovoli, aby medzi se-
bou zavodily vo vynachadzani novych
zbrani, ktorymi sa vzajomne vraidia.
■ Nese robotnicke hnutie ma uZ mnoho
rokov vliy ha zakonarstva k vydavaniu
zakonov, na' ochranu robotiiikov a' v
pospech l'udskosti. A my sme o torn
presv.edceni, ked' prehlasujerae, Settle
same snahy ziskavaju podu v kaZdom
ciyilisovanom- State. Take zakonodar-
stvo podporuje.dobru -vol'u a cini l'ud-
stvu moznym dostirnut' najvySiieho
vrcholu civi_isacie."\
Sudr? Legien hovorll nemecky.-Done_
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital .Subscribed
.Reserve Fund ....
:       D. tk.
HEADjDFFICE, TORONTO
6,000,000 ?  CaplUI Paid Up  .....  5,996,900
5,996,900      Total Assets 7.......     72,000,000
WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Praa.
,       BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA    .     ./y
Arrowhead, CraVbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops. Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
'' "   1 .   Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria? -
saving's department   . 7
'Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of-deposit.   .
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
-/-
Fernie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewriting
Two  Classes  Weekly.    Tuesdays  and   Fridays
from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
Private lessons and select classes by arrangement
Tel. 179Evenings     ' --- 48A Days
Just   Arrived
A; large assortment of
'* "   -       -
New   Victor   Records
Come in and hear them
McLean's Drug & Book Store S-Jj
Day Tel. 142
26
yag anglicky jazyk' neovlada, ed'. jeho
re5 bola prelo2ena do angliCtlny a pre-
dCitana, na§la^ u zastupcov ' vel'keho
suhlasu. Sudr. Legien priSiel do, Am-
eriky na'agitaCnu^ c-estu. Bude .na
mnobych .mie'stach prednaSat' svojim
nemeckym spolurddakom.
KaJidy itvedomely robotnik avatl den
prace, den- Prveho Maja,, sposobom
dostojnym..
Socialism nechce zruSit' porladok,
naopak, chce ho zaviest', ponevaG do-
poslar Ziadny nie Je.        " *   !   -
i. , •   •   •
Jako voda Je nosluSiterna a obnom,
tak noBlueitel'ua je praca a kapitalom.
*   *   •     «
Kapltalletlcky Ryatem nerobl len mil-
lionarov, Jobrakov a zlofilncov, ale 1
Bociallstov. *
If you are thinking of getting a Bicycle or Motor Cycle   .
See John Minton,; Fernie Bieyle Store
He has high-grade,Cycles to suit any intending purchaser.
The C. C. M. Motor Cycle, nothing better; go as slow as you
like ancl as fast as you dare.    .Sole agent for following wheels:
CLEVELAND       ' BRANTPORD
PERFECT MASSY SILVER RIBBON,
B. S. A. . ;     , DOMINION CYCLES.
and any other make of machine supplied to order..    Beware of
Cheap Cycles—-they are Dear.
Cycles on Hire.     Accessories.   Repairs neatly executed.
\
HYNOl'dlH OI' COA.i MINING
IIKOUI.ATIONK
COAL i-ntninnr right-*, of tho "Dominion, In Martltolm. KaNkatoliownn and
Albortn, tho Yukon Turrllory, tha.Nurili
Wont TorrltorloH anM In a portion o_
tho Provlneo of Drltl-.li Columbia, mny
ba louKod for u torn, of twonty-onu
yciviB nt an annual r«ntnl of ft an nor«.
Not moro than 2,6(10 ftoren wll be loaioOl
to one.applicant.
inpii. _   ...   . 	
Ai-font or 8i.l>«Ai(ont of tho dlstrlot in
Application for i. loaoo mimt bn mndo
by   the  app.llcjint  In ^p^runn   to   tlm
I407..11o«m-»r
MMIMMM
W. Balderntono, Koamor, 13, 0,
101.8  HHIcroRt J. O. Jones, ililloroBt, Alta, ?*    .
674   Lethbridge........ L. Mooro,  604, Bktoonth St., North ^thbrldgo,
1189  Lethbrldjo Collieries Frank Barlnshatn, soc, via., Klpp. Altn.
12J3   Llllo W.'L. Evans, Lille, "frank, AUa
8820   Maplo Leaf. 8. Parker, Maplo Loaf. Dollovuo, Alta.
•331   Michel  M, Duriiilt, Mlchol, B, C.
U   Monarch .Mlno..... 8. Moorcroft, Monarch Mlno, Tabor, Alta,
JI52   Pastburg  J. Kluscarlts, Pan»burt, Alia.
1589  noyal View Thoa. Tl. Fisher, noyal Collloriea, Lothbridgo. Alta
UB*  Tabor. A. Pattomon, Tabor, Alls.
1W  Taber. "J. Cooper, Tabor, AlUu'
Fornlo, II. C.
Alt' Rdltoro pol Lodger dol Dlstretto.
8lBnoro,—To uono Informato dal
mombrl dolla banda Itallana di Michel
oho nualehuno dl Fornlo has hfformn-
to cho rain scrltlo invltalo la Ilanda
Italia di Michel di atamloro In fonta
dol 1. Mangle In Fornlo per morro
tlol huo fKlornalo (accio cononprro rbo
io non orocovuto nesiuna dl quosto la*
vltatlonl no per lottera one inparola.
Rlngrnilandolo Indlclpatamento ml
dleo vontro dovotlsalmo.
-which tho right, uppllod for aro itttiat
t«h
lu Hiirvuy.d territory tho InndtniiRt bo
OOHcrlbud by unuilonH. or logal nub-dlvl-
HlonN of Boetlon*, nml In unsiirvnyml
territory tho tract appll.d for ihall bo
Rtakcd out by tho applicant hlmittlf.
■ Mnon nnllrntlnn miiKt ha nrmmimnlKil
hy u. liio ul #u wi-Iuii will bo refunded If
tfm rlnhtii ftppllml for nrw not nvnllftWf,
Oul not otliurwino. A royalty-shall he
pnld on tho merchantable output of Ihr
mine at tho rnto of five cent* por ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnlnh the Affont with sworn returnn
accounting for tlm full quantity of merchantable coal mined au dpay thn royalty thereon. If the cor. mlnli-u.
kn>,^«_. a.* v,\i\. I'V.i.K yvtunv.ci, kucn
rotuMm ehould ba furnished at lean
onco a year.
The tAitne will Includo tbe coal mUlnn
rlffhte only, but thn l^moa may bo por>
mlttr-ij to purchaie whatever available
Mirfac.-. rlj.hu nmy be considered no-
cciaary for tha working of tbo jwlno
at tho rato of $10.00 an aero. ,
For full. Information application
aliould bft mado to tho ttarratarr of Mi«
liepartment of tho Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Rub-Awn. of Dominion Land*.
W
W. Cory,
Deputy Mlnlnfor of tbs Interior
V.n—tTnaiithorlited publication of U.I*
aderrtftM-ment will not be paid for.
Lev N. Tolstpj vrnvel, ie Ion rozum
OBVobodzujo ".lovekn; Cim norozum-
noJSl jo.?.Ivot rudslty, tym jo nosvobo-
dnojsl.
* *   *
J, D. Rockefeller ma Clatoho "zarob-
ku" $07.30 za ka?,du nilnutu vo tlno i
v nod, n nech robl dolkol'vok. Kol'-
ko Clstolio zorobku mag na minutu ty,
ctony Cltatol'u?
* *   *
Rozdiol modzl byyalym a ternJSIm
otroctvom Jo ton, ie clnrny otrok atnl
poniazo, kdozto tcrajSlolio nlkto noku-
pi, i ked' jo ich mnoho, bo n*. dopo-
Blal* prodavnju sa'robotnicl Jalco mnjo-
tok.
e • •.
Kardlnal Glhbona Jako knnclor katn.
llckoj unlvorolty vo Washington© prl-
Jnl v tloto dnl od Sldovskoj spoloG-
nostl $2I.,000 na znloSonlo ntollro, kdo
by aa vyuCovnll aRltntorl na vykoron-
onlo Hoolnllnmu.
e   *   •
Psoin hohaiych 1'tidl dostnva »a
(I'nle!to lopftloho ofietronla, noS on dost-
avn do'om Tudi ohndobnych. Alo prnvo
Uto ehiidohni l'liilla mnju nnjvlnc hln-
sov a hlnsii.u, nby tnkoto pomory ud-
riovnno boly nad'alej.
e   *    •
V New Yorkn bolo v tloto dnl ?n-
baveno 30 (Isle fnntov masln, ktoro
bolo tak zknzono, ze ria nehodllo Ilia nn
hnoj. Kod' by nahodlti noboly tirady
na to prlfily, chudobny l'ud by ho bol
r.a drnhy ponlnz kupll,
a   a    a
Oj (.aiiloiiclii, Ktora iiih /u iiCel i£[<n»"
j.lf jiostavonlo rohotnlckcj tried)', jo
jedlno prlrodzena a spravna, ona je
Jodlnym naJconnojBIni prontrlodkom,
ktoryrn pravn robotnlctva mozu byt'
oui-rtW-i'i. piou orgtuiiBhtli kniiltalu.
, ♦   •   •
'/.nMnV pracujuca trleda budo spok-
ojnn » tornjfelm 7arladnnini, ktoro joj
prlnasa chudobu, poddnnntvo a utr-
ponlo, zati'al' torajllo zarlndcnlo ,potr-
vn. Hobotnn Irloda, mo?o n^prlrod-
zenym radom ufilnlt' konoc, kodykol'
v^k bud<» chrhV, poiicva". Jc vo vflC-
blM.
B_?tNK«»*
of CANADA
JOINT
ACCOUNTS
The Homo Bank makes provision for choquo aaeounts to bo
opened,in tho namo of sovoral porsons, oaoh party to tho account)
having tho prlvllogo of making withdrawals, or doposlts, ovor his or hor
own slgnaturo. - Whllo a Joint. Account slmplIfloH arrangements for
partners in an unincorporated business it is of spooinl advantago to
Husband ond Wifo, or ony mombors of a family. In caso of tho delayed abnonco of tho Husband, as frequently happens with Commercial Travollors and mon ongagod in a similar way of llfo, tho wlfo
has ready access to funds for housekeeping. When tho misfortuno of
tho death of ono of tho parties to a Joint Account occurs, tho crodit
balance with, tlio Homo Bank may bo withdrawn by tho survivor?
or survivor*, -without formality, or any roforonoo to procoss of law
Head
Office
TORONTO
J, F. MACDONALD, Manager,
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fornio Branch.
-     t «.    A. SM/q/F&Guk
CHA8.SALMO. [Try a Ledger Ad.|fiT0PSwacM3!J^TS1
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
Hpoolul trontinont for other UI«en hon of mnn: .-Vrroiie Weaknreere,
Vnrlooar Vein*, llydrnretr, llloml nml Willi DlminlrM, Nnree Dlrere, Ktil-
»ey, lllnildrr mid Itr«t«l niMoril. r«, etc., und (.luiimriril Allmrnt:
Vtoaiaia (.lmnl Inflmnmniliui, Old Chruiile (.on til I low.,
Museum of Anatomy
in tins mtral Mnarum ll uliown   tiy   llfo  hIxo  moduli.,  mou-.iro.ltleu,
tirirmnl  nn.l  ii\i nuil  riu_.]ll. t-.v.  it H.ti i..ii.Hii> .i.u(h u. tlm tiutly, lllui-
I rutin if fully lintli mcu(p nml r-linxilo illnriinrn ul mrii.
Free Consultation and Advice
,  mv Morroi quick, i-ahtino (}|i.\iunti:ici> uijiikn at -.ioni.it.
Mm«.oni'.
i.«.V«it >!«..»(*. l^ki*knl.»liMi t'ror, Krrr ICinuiloiilluii of Vrla*
*!.»» mattnaarr. Coanull Mr—Vm-:i_. Don't l)»Ufi naiaya arm
daagttoo: Cull or write. Vrtt Hook. Kv*r. thing roiifldfallal. Ilouroi
0 a.m, fn H p.in.i Hnnftafa, 10 a.m. to I ii.m,
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
i
mm
Tho wagfi'irorkfr who Is loudest In
proclalmlni. his rra-edom and patriotism Keneralty loves the boss, «ays
"tho workors won't stick towthor"—
and would starve to death If out of a
job thirty days.
The Western Federation of Miner*
In Ilrlllsh Columbia havo begun an or*
ennlxiitlon campaign for a general
eight-hour day In all districts of tbe
province, with a minimum va** of fl
If :"yy A" ^AA"'^^^ isyy^y'^^y a? y ua-
iX-y;'ssx
page Hoar
Special Wjeelp-end: Bargains:
lri Wash Goods
"0'      O
,     . Bordered and Plain Batiste in the very latest designs for summer       ,
dresses;   -These goods come in a .variety, of-pretty Checks .and, some-
have dark borders; suitable for trimming; 42 inches wide.'   Kegular*
35c. value.    Special 25c.  • •-.'.-
Imported English Prints in dark and light grounds.     Special, 8
yards for f 1.00 >      , _        -
White Crossbar Muslin in a variety of different checks, very suit:    -
able for tea aprons and children's dresses.    Special 17Vfcc. yd.      ,,
Silk Gloves, wrist length, in black and white only; double tipped
fingers; regular .65; Special 50c. *       > '
Silk Gloves, 16 button length, double tipped fingers in black arid- .
* white only.     These gloves are exceptionally good value and priced
■ specially at 95c. pr. *'     ?    '   ■   ' *
■"*'   *       *     *"* * • ir
Ladies'& Children's
Ready-to-wear Department
' ", '.  ' LADIES'MOTOR COATS •       ''7 \".
' These useful "garments made in a. heavy .natural Linen,. are very.*..
'     dressy and man-tailored .throughout;-.some7;trimmed leather'collars'    .
and largor buttons; built to fit; just the thing for. present wear, from -,.<••
$555 to$7.50. . .-o1 ""'.,;■ ?*'"'■    * , A. A''?"',-.'
y  ''   CHILDREN'S WASH DRESSES    .. ;      .'
\j' ,\ «u*4HB___SBJ___»"'k
\ Our range of Children's Wash Dresses'is very complete; and we.are,.,-
showing soome, very eceptional values in'Gingham and Chambray ,gar- .- .
ments; thesethe made in-the very latest styles and.in a.large range;;*''
of checks and plain effects, .with appropriate, trimmings; in sizesfrom" *
2 to 14.years, and at prices from 75c. to $3.50. ■     /'•-? •     : -     .'- iw*'.. • „.
SPECIAL IN CHILDREN'S STRAW HATS
We are placing a large number of'Straw Hats on'the Bargain, Table A,
'   "for quick-selling.     These, come in plain, arid fancy straw, and,-are. •'.
-.. specially priced for Saturday at 25c. eachv ". ,        ,
:i5
.•>•••••••'
.40
.25
.35
- >,
Gold Standard Baking-Powder, "12 oz.
Carnation" Wheat Flakes, per pkg.,..
Blueberries,   2 lb. tins, 2 for -...'."... ?
Lawtori berries, 2 lb. tins, 2 for
Gold Label Cherries, 3 lb. tins, 3 for A..... .if 1.00
Apples, gallon tins, each .............    .40
Australian Raisins, 2 lb for -....?   .25|
Lethbridge Flour,'98 lb. sack' A..'.'.'..i:}.. .$3.25
*. Walker's Grape Juice, pints-each A  .'.   .30,
v -  .    -. " - L   7 A      *"-■       *.
Peanuts, per lb.* • •; •.- V\ ......;•••
'.a..;,'va y*1-     vv'' ;",: "■.  , \
Alymer's .Pork'arid Beans, small, 4 for,..
*-*' ,   '■• '   .,- , .-"•>< - ■ A ■ -.  ., '*:■
" "White Gloss Lily, Starch, 3 pkg. for,.-....
Durham's Corn' Starch; 2.'pkg? for .-,..'.',
-   ■      '   •*• *;-. -y     .  . *
;, Tuxedo Jelly Powders, 4 for.
,• H. P. Sauce, %'pts..... .\............
- Lyle's English;Syrup,' 2 lb. tins ...]...
'..J*       '      '   -    " A       '     * h' _.t* r -       '•>    '   T O.
Gold Standard Tea, .regular .50 per lb. .'.A'
• ' ' ■■-,■ -.* ■ '-•*•' *. •-*■ -- 7 -,-*■,";
. Corn, 2 lb. tins, 5 for' 7 .
Old' Dutch' ,Cieariser,'.3-for.7 ..
, W.e.afe showing all,t?his season Vriew'-blocks in Btraw' and   fibre. 7
Men's Boaters VithAvide'leaf from $i.0^vto $3.00.*'r   ^  :
p Men's Telescoped '//
_ Men's High Crown bip pront shaped' jn f^re, straw and imitation Panama, from $l.p0 to $3.50.      - » ■'» •■ *.  ^-i ■• I -. *.   *'
--"-,' "- _■     '       .    .«t •  ' ■ .      ;   .-•
■'.  Men's I?anarria Hats
•i ' '    -      '? '       "    A%.,,-    ■„!.'• .. "- -   *'* v   .   *
If you want a Panama Hat that is guaranteed (genuine Pariama)
we can! supply you in tQe flowing blocks: Telescope, with dip front,
$7.50 tb $20.00;  High Crown; wide  leaf,' $7.50 to $20.00;   Medium
round crowns, dip'front- $7.50 to $20.00.
. .,-i"
.a
i~t.i,vy.--i?y.
Here and There
Mayor Amiable, 'ot'Nelson, was   a
visitor to, this cltr.     X
A. V. Lang, of Frank, was a visitor
to Fernie on Tuesday,
Ernest J. Dickie, who has been on
a, visit to tho land of his boyhood
days, roturnod to Fernie on Thursday.
Tho regular monthly tea of tho Mo-
? tliodlBt Church will be given by Mrs.
J. F. Dimmiok on Tuesday, May 14,
from 3 to 6 p.m.
J. W. Bennett and Joo Grafton are
busy those days shaking hands with
old acquaintances. They returned
on Sunday last and aro looking in the
pink ot condition.
Rev. Mr. Hannan, of Coal Creek,
will preach in the Methodist Church
on Sunday,, morning. In tho ovon-
Inn a union sor.vloo will be held In
tho Ilaptlst Church.   ,
Thos. Crahan, of' Michel, was over
on business in the city 7 during U_e
week.
The Fernio'Dancing Assembly ex-
tend a vote of thanks to 'the' ladies
who so kindly supplied; refreshments
at the closing dance on Thursday last.
THIEVES GO TO JAIL      '
FOR FOUR MONTH8*
His Honor Judge Thompson held
county court here Monday, Tuesday,
and - Wednesday.
, The two Smith brothers, Arthur and
"Alfred, wero found guilty of theft and
sentenced on Tuesday to four months
in .thb Nolson jail. These are .the
boys accused of stealing from'the C.
P. R. freight sheds here somo time
ago. . H, W. Herchmer conducted the
prosocutlon arid A.'I. Fisher appeared
for tho defendants,
v..   *i
Hats from 50c to $1.50
Wl *   Vi.-
■ -'£.
■s Felt Hats     -y,
i^ew ^shipment of t^'.ldtwtj-noveitiesin Mcn?s Colored SoftfFelt
ust-arfived.; ;^({.._ AA    "y) v"7   ;? "'■"'. X '''"■      •    , -  , \ ■•
Telescopes in-new crji0rgA' ,-*   ■'■•• , -*       A   '.:  ' \'
Fidortwinibest'Am'e-t-icanfeitg1'-       .' •. ,' -. . .-/J A w ,-'
' ' y^X '"A ">■ J;? -*; '•   *■    '-■''.*■    ';   Xfi yX   t
Stiff Hats in new. back's from' the,best English manufacturers.    \
Prices range from $\.60.to$4.00.A .,.-/ -,"' \.S..XX. .
.«'*>>.
..-„ :\ V'-fA-* '•;'•
.-* -";-.-;, />*■* ■•-'>^.>*'-''!-'-E7''..'^i*l'"V /■« v ''
Boys' Felt Hats
-We have a'largerVa^e of BoysTelt'Hats;than we have ever shown^
.before. *  Made.iriihe new.^elescope;:als6iidora:andrRound Crown"
^ ,dip front .styles., , - "y* 'y'? '.'   J- • ^     '*'."'
y-7Priees.from$l>0p to ^,50,   --„:,., A.-'A*' A-'   «    ' ■.-;
;y,A'*.^  ,   -. -p.-   -f.A >» -A'A-,    _*. yx "& % ft*..    .;y . <<•
-..     eu',.,    .v  *-. v.*a. i  '\ 1 "*        •„-. ' *- ,        v,i \t   1    r>       ,„ ,C '\0
■f?'i^j«-  Vri-t,"; ?>'
|V>'    >J.
sH-<-T|^7
"WAR  ON THE PLAINS"
■ 7-;.":".c,•'•.-;'-      *  ON AT THE ISIS
CROWS, NEST PASS LEAGUE,
*• —' -.   .'-r^.-'OPENS? .. . . ,-    7;
II, VL, Dlmmlck, formerly of Moylc,
■who has been for sometime working
at Boavor Creek, pansed throusU
Fernio on Wednesday on route to
moot tho directors of Aurora Mine,
who aro contemplating driving a tunnol tn tho abovo named property.
Rumor has it that olthor Fielding, or
Mackenzie King, Mlnlaters of Finance
and T.abor r-ospoollvoly In tho Inte
LDurler Qovernroont, will be nakod to
bo the Lllieral stnndard bearer In tho
forthcoming Eait Kootenay by-eloo-
tlon.
WRIT I88UED FOR THE
KOOTENAY BYE.ELECTION
OTTAWA, May O.-Tho writ for the
Kootenay byo-oloctlon, .made neneso*
ary by the realgnatlon of Mr. A. S.
Goodovo, to accept tho position ot
Railway Commissioner, was Issued
yesterday. Tho dato of tho election will bo settled by.the returning
offloer, •
Tho speakor's warrant for constituencies of Macdonaid nnd south Slmcoo
also have been issued, but the writ
has not been IbbuciI by tbo Cabinet
'The 101' Bison picture marks a new
era "in .motion. photography. They
tells,the true story of early life in the
west, reproducing'in "every detail tho
stirring Incidents that follow the trail
of civilization as It progressed westward. ■ Those who havo seen "War
on- the Plains" declare it one of the
groateat Frontier pictures ever produced, . The fire scenes are said to
eclipse the "Fall'(of Troy." The photography and , ensemble are superior
to tho "Golden ' Wedding," recently
ohown at the Isis, and the battle
scenes aro equal to any witnessed in,
motion pictures.
The large number of pooplo in tho
cast," tho herds of cattle, the droves
of horses, tho inspiring grandeur of
the scenic background, tho excellent
photography arid the acting combine
to make this .^picture a masterpiece.
The Isis Theatre has boon fortunate
In floourlng this picture, which will
be shown on Wednesday and'Thursday, May 15 and 16.
Tho program for to-night and tomorrow Is! "At Rolling ForkB," "A
Bono ABylum," "Trouble Maker," "Divided Ring," "PotBdam," and "How
Gorald Missed Getting Married,"
'.**-.
■i*.V.vP';
V:.fW
Tho Ladles' Guild of Christ Church
will hold a social evening in the bago-
tnent of the church on Wednesday,
May 15. A program will be given and
refreshments served. All interested
In the church and friends of tho con-
(.rogation nro Invited to come and
apend a ploasant ovonlng.
f*. M. O'Ttrlon, M/P-P.. «tat«« thnt
•Ine© the Alborta T^glnlaturn nan adjourned ho addroiied thirty meetings
throughout the country, mostly
amongst   farmers,   twenty-eight    of
-'"*- "•   _f    •'      '.
anticipated.    The sale of literature
h_. report* Is Increasing all the time.
FOR SALTS—Throo slmr-OB In tho
Fort Stoolo nnowory, Price, $275.
Apply to U. N. 07, Frank, Alta.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN
I, Archibald Luko, hereby notify all
whom it may concern, that from this
ditto I shall not be responsible for
di-bti contracted by my wife,
(Signed) A LUKI..
Fernie, B. C, MSy 10th ,1012,
During the absence of Kev Mr. D(m-
mlck from town thoro will be union
service-! betwen the Baptist and Me-
Utodlst congregations ai follows: Sunday evening, May ll, In the Baptist
Cbnr-/fh; Bnnday. morning, May 10, In
the Methodist Church; Sunday, morning, May St, In Ux. Baptist Church;
Sunday evening, May 34. In tbe Methodist Church.
The  GRAND THEATRE
One Night only «■
MONDAY EVENING, MAY 13
H. E. Pierce fie Co. present
"Iii Wyoming"
A Romance of the
Western Plains
By Willard Mack
' Association 'football in . the Pass
opened foAtheVpresent'season on Saturday'last, all tW_yclubs . under the
jurisdiction■ ot\the C.'N. P.' Leajguebe;'
ing engaged.     ''-''y
The weather ,w.as ideal ,.for the games and everything was favorable to
good; faBt football.
- Michel put up.,tho best performance
of the day, and their victory by three
goals to nothing over a. strong Fernie
team speaks .volumes for their side
and betokens a successful seasjon for
last year's League champions. , The
Fernie team was a little weak in defence, but this will be remedied for
their noxt, game.
The .game at Coal Creek between
the locals and Coleman ended in a
goal-less draw. The game waB both
hard and, fast throughout, and while
both toamB had chances to score, nei*
ther side could claim to have any advantage, tho result bolng a true lndox
of tho run of tho play.
Bellovuo, at home, just succeeded ln
capturing the points from Hosmer.
Tho result being two to one, in their
favoV, Iiosmor havo no rtasoh to be
ashamed of their performance, as
Bellovuo Ib a particularly hard side to
defeat at homo.
Below la glvon the position of tho
various clubs on tho League tabic:
GoalB
P. W. L. D. for agflt. PtB
Michel ....1100 3 — 0 3
Bollovuo ..11002—' 2
Coloman ..10010 — 0 1
Coal,Creek 10 0 10 — 0 1
Hohmer ... 1 0 1 0 1 — 2 0
Fornlo .,..10 10, 0 — 3 0
Two point for a win and ono for n
draw.
Only ono game U scheduled for today, Hosmor playing Michel at Hos-
mor. This will bo a real test for Ilie
Hosmor Club, and should thoy Biicceod
in defeating the champions their prospects for,tho season will be enhanced
materially. The Michel sido will have
lots of confidence after last week's
display, and wilt be very hard to beat.
Footballers In tbe Pass will regret to
hear of tho death of Owen Joinson, of
fc'ernio. Ho is one of the brother.)
Joinson who played for Coal Creek for
several wagons, and with bli brother
Peter provided pome of tho trickiest
football seen in. the Pass. IIo bad
lieen 111 but a few days when the end
came on Sunday TaiL Tho funeral
which waa conducted by the United
Mlno Workers, "was attended bjr representatives of tbe Coal Creek and
Fernie Clubs, and alio by the Junior*.
Jolnuon tflavog a wife and one "child,
and much sympathy li felt for them tn
tlielr sad bcrcayetuout
.ti v»
x%y*j%t '-\*;j-'"
' 4   *■    ''''
A..!-!-,-.-
I#.
Every once in a whils a good thing .oomeV'ybur
way, and it is simply u^^o you whether you make
it yours, or blindly pass it by. .:. sy,
Prices 50c, 75c and $1
Ledger Ads pay
Door To-day is
«.»'_*.!*■ ry Xt      .  J;  v _
If you're wise and aljyo you'U wt jn on th.B whilo tho timo in ripo to turn '
imofl into dollara almost "'OTorBiiht;'** '
dimes
Big Lots from $250 and up
And No Interest
JuBt 10 por cont down and 5 p^ cenl a month givog you ownor8i,ip 0f rotti
proporty that should solvo all your fnturo financial problems.
Ask Us-Where, How and Why
No ..fn. tellirior von tho dotails in \\\\n cTinun ."- ^-rtni.-. tnV" \\^ ".^ev «^»>nr
to do th osubect justice aud ovon ti10n you rightly would wimt'to " ■-" * "'*
TALK IT OVER .
BO COMB AND 8KB UfMlAVB HME AND MAKE HONEY I
i YOUBfl FOB PEOSPBRITy      ,i| ,
The Dominion Stock & Bond Corporation, Ltd.
.. VANCOUVER,. B, C.
ii       M. A. KASTNER, Agent for Fernie and District
afr St   ;'*«•.   • , «
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