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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1911-08-05

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, .-I -*•-. -■ _,**.)■*       -I
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Politics- Unity is Victory^
IVol; IV., No..
^^.-s"■.*"; v .•:.■*. *_.^1^,'?; ^'i's-^^tt
p. -.
,. Tuesday last, near 12 o'clock, -Prank
H, Ship.ot Ship, arid McKenzie;.bak:
.era", this city,, passed to. the-Great'Be
•yond, after'a ^somewhat lingering ill';
ness.  -* Shortly3'after' the fire/Mr.
„ Ship _ camo to Fernie, from -Calgary,
".engaging, in-the ^baking bu^Jness,
^shortly''after 'taking" into partnership
Mr. Donald''McKenzie.-7 ,   c .'
' yj Mr. Ship's" m'alad*/ was' - pronounced
-r;Esl"Bright's disease, a*ndj *was ,'the im-
y.n  '! t':: mediate cause of death,* but it waB
-"        ■"7pnly..'_,of; late -that tthe. deceased ■_was
-r aware', really Jot hli serious condition;
^Hey.as considering, in fact-had made
;, preparations'' to/go'to'Seattle,.to" uh-
': "dergo -■ an-! operation; in ' the - hope of
;' effecting a'.cure, but tho dread' disease
.1 "had-, already, taken, too firm-a hold
• and.' lief,was".unable to undertake? so
; jong-aj journey.**. \ -7* -7'.\,N'7 ', -.7' "■.
VV* The;". deceased ."was5' a '-'native yot
_psom> Surrey, England,rwhere]he,was
-■ .born-some 89 years ago, liaving come
to Canada "some,, fifteen, years "back,
* "About' nine,' years' ago *he;\worked at
•d> the Coal, Creek mines and will doubt-'
'- *. less' be remembered 'by' some- of'-the
*. older* miners "of that' "camp_._ "■■' ' ,/7"
<;The deceased was quiet- and soine-
what. reserved, f being, best known ih
church "circles,, especially "the Baptist
denomination,' of which he was a, true
an£ steadfast member,' living, as we
believe •the'llfethat'.he spoke and "exemplified. -«Ho was large, hearted
and generous'.'.and"many, needy- ones
can'recall.'hlsVacts »'of, beneficence.
His life was well spent, and in;. his
death the' community has lost a. true
man.';';'    '*7*'    .. \.   'y ,t \.'* -'-,'* .
* ;Save 'the/widow,, no family-is left,
and to her'at' this time'the hearts-|of
all. go out* in sincerest sympathy" at
the1 irreparable' foss "(hus sustained.
., A. brother.* of,the widow, Mr.. Biggs,
of,„ Calgary,- .was present at - the fun-
'eral."**^."., D S _ ,■.,,•* ' ,7 " '. [
'JThe'deceased was' an Odd- Fellow
and/ Mount Fernie Lodge,*; No1. 47,^1.0.
O. rF. took part, in. the funeral,' attending .service at the Baptist Church', and
a.^the grave "conducted ithelr"own impressive, funeral^.ereniohy." -Rev;-D.
M/j Thomson, his pastor, conducted the
church? service ■''pn^Thuniday at; 2.30
p.m; at'which a largo gathering; of citi-
_ens assembled'- V,'7     .-'   ,     Y'" ,'
MAN •»,
fe h
. v <■ >
. '. Considering the* pWsfentfidancial
'' stress tiat-'iB/prevaleht4n 'the'.city it
'' * was .an/exceptionally? large" gathering
; ",,pf theatre-goers )hat. faced* the1 stage
'"Yon, Saturday/ last, .^when. "The . Squaw
' A"Man"-^was 1 played; /-/The"^members
: yijot-'the^"c'ast sustained" their 'parts ex**
>i , . V.Medingl]r wiM and ""are",, fully "'entitled
]XJ '", to' tie praiseworthy advanco .'notices
|*'_ '; that were/printed .in this;.paper. / c*^7
'i;'1 Ji '.','"Heh*^'''/8howed'pUpvto:;better ad-
11-:'/ -.vantage 'as^'.'Bud'.l the,XshCTi"ff.'{^"Ttie
{»,_•- i, .j*. leading lady is an exceptionally strong
i/•-'r   ',/""'a_n'nt<i<*iinl - a _*t*r_nafi J___Lrrh4> ■ l«a'i*Hng"_.man
y. Z-iV/rias-good "address and" a clear" enuncia-
1 /tion., -: The "kiddy!;! played up In'gfeat
.*•■ style, and'-his fefforts'. were loudly/ap-
'';,plauded.''-,/All'"in -all every;6ne"""telt
■?-. -.' ". r that,'they had "received, good .value' for
J-,'. '■*.■   the-"price of,.admission.•'' I-"*- 'i'il,
i*,4. •   , ■*^^'.-e,i;:'-;'VXJ'\-'^''''*l''>f_> ^-'
>''Vr   ,     officiaUNOTICE  7.   „
-"*    ,,   /./■fv;,;!,1,;,:;^-'-' '"'-::'■'7..''
5 ",/ '.^indiariapollj/.Ind^Jruiy 26, 1911
"/ .To whom lt*:ma*y.c6ncem-74Gr*wtlng:*-:-
*,'   Pursuant .■ to .action/* of (our, International, Executive Botird'at. a meeting
■,   held lii this city,on.June 26th to July
l,'-,the- President ■ iereby;-'revokes' the
','* charters of the following local unions:
[ .,96, Weet.Newton; Pa.; 260, Moon Riiri,
. Pa.;',;266„.VenetIa, Pa,;' 410,,,Yohog-
•. hany) Pa.;' 514,"'Car_egIe/',Pa.rr'5'17,
C Rel8sinV,"Pa'..*72B;v.CHff MlneB, Pa.:" .7*7
"S." Brownsville^ Pai; -878,' Brbughton.
. "Pa,;' 970J Avellai Pa;; 101B, MoDonald,
Pa.: 1046; Tyro, Pa;-li8,"Kaylo'(i Tv..',
i   1240, Presto, Pa.; 1346 Broughtort, Pa;
1372, Shire Oaks, Pa; 1447. W. BrownB
- vlllj, i*a.i',1712,' RodfIeld,:Va.. 'iSi'9
'■   wiHock.:,PB.},l8-air'Bp*fl>n,'Pa:;' lS.S,
'„ IraporInI,.Pa.; 1917, Brldgovti'o. Pn.:
I 2020' livofltland; -"Pa.;   2048,' Cnrnd-^io,
'{'. Tp... :(.bO,'^foDqnal(l, Pa.; 2107, Avolfn,
-Pa.; 2l40, Loupnox, Pa.; 2500 "Large,
P«.'    ',. ,   ■ ,       ''\
Tho abovo local unions havo faded
>, to comply with the..previous,inntruc*
. „, tions of tho Iward,.authorizing thom to
"*i pay tax nnd^ asBOSBmont; to Timothy
1' Donovan, Secretary-Treasurer of Dis*
*'   troot No. B, PennBylvanla.
AU local; untonB ln District No, B
are' hereby cautioned against accepting transfer cards Isuuod by aald local
< unions,' ' For'a numbor of months the
local1 unions In quostion hiivo boon In
opon rebellion against the authority
of tho/ International organization as
.well na tbo authority of tho regular
District organlsatlonVhonno tt booomos
lraporntlvo. In' order to enforco dit*
. olpllno hnd prosorye the Integrity of
tho organization, tbnt such, flagrant
violations of our laws should not bo
pormlitod and the guilty partt'o. allowed to go unpunished,
Tho sO'Cftlled District No, B organisation of whloh Robert Gibbons io
* president, wns not chartered by iho authority of tho International Kiconutlvo
Board arid Is n-^t rocognlsed by our on
uaiiljuatlon and conBoquently has no
standing', and .any and eve«'y act of
said organization, is illegal, a iiF-irpa-
tion of powoV" and 'a Violation' of ,the
fundamental principles/ of our union.
■ Fromlthe' inception of the 'contiro-
versy.in the '.Pittsburg •' District every
opportunity;,has-.been given/ the Gibbons 'faction- to., present, their grlev.
iances in the courtsf'pf'-tlie organization
whii'h they, have failed to/do, ,bUt were
disposed, to -bring'-about ,a, more ,chao-
tl. state „of:affairs byr.resortlng to'the
civili. courts to tredress Vt_elr wrongs,
Whether rea^or. imaginary.-i £'<,-' .. '•/
^.TbehJoint'c9ntract^relaUon8 between
is Married
\r Y>        * *
Miss Gladys Hughes Be-
comes ttie Wife of
W. f. Mooney
"Sip* '
■; 7 From/comments'made   in* the'" daily'. press ■ recently it<,is apparent
that'considerable doubt exists as to,.what "the .acceptance of the  "Majo-'
rlty Report" by the .Operators* really." really /means.  7   ,,
j j .The following is'from an authoritative-statement of the Operators' under-'
standing:-**',"■,- -* - /    '' ~     ■"-■**  •/'',"*■'*••,'
- /,
th-rougb/the/ro^la^'^stl^ot No; 5 o'rr
gnnizatibn, 'and/.-Tlmbthy; Donovan' is
■secretary-treasurer. Y'-Yi'{,..".'■: "*'
. ^Ail .ocal|union^.a|iiUat^''>'wiUi Ice
"regular'/'lWBtrict, 'No//. 5' prganiration
and "tie - Irit*Giiatldnal/TJnion;"wrir go-
Vwrf __a_wlv**-i .i brdihfely'.'**'',*: t **"' •''*,:
X • a JOHN/P. ■WHITB,> PreBldent',
'" -.. //.'-'FRANK tf.-HAYES. .Viee-Pfea.
• .'"..EDWIN/ PEItRY,;Beoretai^
' s -- Occupation
Shot Lighters ^.'..'.
Brattice Men ......'
Brattice"-Men Helpers' *..''.:."...' 2.50
Timbermen;-./,*...'.:v. *...-.\,.'. 3.00
Timbermen/Helpers.//... .'..*... 72.50
Drivers .*.. v*..., /.'." '.'?..... ' 2.75 .
Drivers in /wet places....... Z. '. 3.00
Drivers5 Spike .Team  . .7....... 3.23
Tracklayers/.•..'..'_*.;. v. .'*..'■...*_;,.. ^3.00
Tracklayers'J Helpers   ....._.'..' 2,50
Miners . .y.J\7..,.. / '..".." Si'PO.
Miners.-, wet -places -,\ :..   3.50
1909-1911 ;, ;•:
: $3.00..;'.. 77
'3.0') 7.;"./'.','
> a * * *  f-f.' * e e *
... $3.24/
,...    3.24
,,...    2.75'
....  ,3.24;.
... '2175
... 3.02
..." 3.24
...* 3.51
...' 3 24*
... 2.75.;
... 3.24'
f..0 3i67-
_ *       .   * e.
00 ...
3.50 ';...'
3.50, ."...
2; 50
-On Friday morning the details of aii
incldont- which"occurred- the previous
morning on thVo P' R. pl(]ittorin occu;
pled tho attention'bf Judge, Whimster.
In their zeal for their respective houses
Geo, -Atkinson jand J. F.1 Stfa.ford be-(
camo involved in a dispute which no*
coBsitated thoir appearance - at-, the
Court, of tho Cadi * ', .'.-..
', Mr, A. .J. Fishor",'counsol for ;At-
ldnson, had quito a wordy passage of
arms whon cross examining Straw-
ford, which enlivened the proceedings
considerably'; / '._ '''/;'' '■' '" !'{
•' -While thb two partlos-wefo heatedly
"remonBtratl'ng" with eaoh ■ other' on
the station platform' a third party. In
the' ehapo' of a* dog took a hand or
rather more aoouratoly a mouth In
the,mix-up whon the most serious injuries, of tho fracas ,woro inflicted
noodlng surgical attention at MoLoan's
Drug Stores! • ■'   ■
Wo do not know whothor tho canine
was bound ovor to koop tho poaco or
not, ' -        t        '
Atkinson will havo to sovvo ""tlo
city for 20 days as a rosult.
• to do company...work- .7...., 3
Rock'Miners' .......J..   .....
Machine, Runners	
Machine Runners', Helpers ....
ilotormen .*". i.';. .....". .■•.'....'.
jMotormen Helpers & Bra^kemen
Hoistm^n   ..... .,,v. f .(jr.w.iv. .'>• ,*i
Rope ,Rldersa !•'...    ,">	
Couplers ,'<^ien) •.,....." -7..' .*
Couplers   (Boys),',...-.	
Pushers , '.;*..,',.;	
Laborers ,....,...,	
Timber Handlers •....-.   2.75 r..-
Swi,tchboy8 ,„.....,' '....   1.25-1.50
Doorboys' ■. \ '.,*.   1,00--..
Pumpmen .'    2.50
lioebmbtive Engineers   , 2.75''
Locomotive .Switchmen , 2. b0
Main,and .Trail Rope Riders ..   3.0.0
Buckers "..*/. ,....;......   2.50.
Loaders *....,*. ......'/ 2.50•*
Cagers .., ;..',,..   2.50;
Slato Picker Boy '.'...;   1.25.
Slato Picker Mon     2.25
Car Oiler,Men  2._J5*
» « t t  t . 1
*.* * *    itif
.. 7... .7. • 3.24,
,. .... ..:." 3.67;
..' i. 1 3.67'
 ; 3.24;
..'......... 3.02/.
..,;.;.:. ...**; .2.V5T.
,  3.02-3.21
,. .."..' ;..'. ,3.02
.. ..'.  2.75 ■
* e     *»»■  •*••   X*DD
 ;. 2.75
. a. ■?*•*•*** t * t "•    OtU-l
..,...'. .... 2.75
i* ttit »••■ -w3tUa
....,.■. ..'..' 2.75
.. .../ .... 2.75
,."........' 2.75
tt  Ml'  ■**■    XtU t
  .... 2.47
(fit  • * t •  1 • • 1  tit*  *••■  1111   Ue\\
Car Oiler Boys    1.50.' '.,   1.05
in tho interpretation of the operators as to"- what constitutes a "Majority
'Report"; that it is that<of Colin, .Maeleod and-not that of, Dr. Gordon. ,
'   Not onlyiB this clearly shown in the'day. if age scale/but Hkew,is9 in the
- differentials; and from tbe evasive --language used that H* does not alone
apply'to.the Frank vicinity group of mines as, has been the,general impres-
'slon but is equally applicable to all mines, 'Fornie and Michel inclusive.
. ' ■ If Dr.. Gordon's schedule were accepted^ as a majority report, then all
"those'receiving $3.00 a day would be-paid $3,30;'instead of $3.24, as per
.the operators' so-called majority report; those'formerly jmid'f 3.50 would
_get' $3.78, and.not $3.67, as the operators'- schedule has it./; w >,
. ■_ Dr. .Gordon's recommendations on pillars was 5c,to 7c per ton, whereas
7 this-Operators'""Majority Report" plainly'states 5 to 12^ cents per, ton.
-Consequently, in reality there, ls no majority report,-but-three distinct
reports, Gordon's, Macleod's-and Carter's.-' * . J-    ■    "'     .
here it.Vaa decided by a-very large
majority not to take any'vote at all. •
. Vice-President ;Stubbs  and  Board
.Member Jones held'a'meeting at. Lille
at,9 o'clock. Friday morning, but.we
, •..
*. *.  ..,.,
Tally Boys    1.25
Teamstera ,. /7 2.ft2
Blacksmiths     3.07
..,. • ...
.... ....
'/ No'-better evldence/df the fact that
t'_e,'/police bf 'Victoria.,'ha'd received'
their* instructions to play the part-of
disturbers of* the'peace11 "than the/reports^'contained'/oh* the dailies' that
they /.were, ^hlideii ,li-*T*nearby •■ places
much? In the. same - manner'as college
boys" In/a *'cane rush" If th'by">had'
■properly performed • their "'supposed
function they would have, been'-on
hand to see-that the traffic was not
blocked;'1 this, however, does not'con1
form to'the ideas of the "law "arid order',' bunch who, lacking Intelligence
'to • support their opinions by reason
resort to/the tactics of the club man".
PerbapB' those methods of/'prop"-
aganda may be- llko those of'tho boy
with his pupB who, on the,eighth day
aftor their birth disgusted with them
becauso thoy did not open thoir oyes,
hit them all In the brain pan, whereupon their oyes wero opened, and, such
physical-suasion may havo its corresponding effect upon mombors of'the
working class supporting old party
candidates * Ainsl qu'll soit
have no^
"word' of the
.   -a
'   ..    ;    HARTLEY0(CREEK   CAMP
.On Thursday morning at-8 o'clock,,
at   the   R.   C/'Church,'  MIsr   Glady'-,;.
.1 1 , -        *■- v.
Hughes, a popular young lady of this
city, was united in matrimony to Mr.*
Wm. Mooney, of High River, .Alta."
, The"bride was becomingly attired
in a dross of net over white silk, wearing the flowing bridal veil fastened
with orange blossom. Mr and Mrs.
E.   Demour   acted  as   supporters
The ceremony,was performed by
Rev Father MIchelB and witnessed by
some well known and intimate friends
of the young bride.
/After the wedding 'ceremony the
bridal party repaired to the home
of .the. bride's parents in West'Fernie
where a tasty wedding breakfast was
served.     .' " - »     "
The many useful presents to _ the
happy couple - testify to-the ' esteem
in. which the bride  was, held!;   . ,,
•Among the many gifts were: .    "
Froni mother of brides-Household
linen,'tea service. "        ...      ;
, Father of bridiB—Traveling suit case/
Mrs. Frank Lawe—Silver cake basket.    , "■"'      '- ,   ;*.' /   ._ .-'
' Mr and Mrs: Huntley—Irish linen -   -
table cloth.   ■-   ••* *'    *" "* ;/•_
■>"MrB/'Frank Robichaud—Silver sugar-7
spoon: , '„ ■* o, ' ■■' -. , " ' ** /, ]7 ,
:-.Mr and Mrs. .John Blggs-^Linen ';'
table cloth, - . . •' • y [" "",
Mr and Mrs. A. (J Carter—silver "
"..Tie.high wind which-'prevalle-l.Inst
Saturday .afternoon ■ fanned,-,a-,- smali
fire which, star ted. in somo slasu near
the camps, of the Fernio Lumber
<jompany's legging qamn ori Hartley
Cioek, a few, miles''1 from here, Into a
fierce blaze and before the men , In
tho^carap had. time to, do anything 10
fight the,fire it waa^ upon them and' It
was with .difficulty that tho horses
.wero saved from Incineration, Tho
camp and stables wore totally destroyed, and all tho supplies thon on
hand.        -        •      *
Materials, and new supplies nee being rushed to tho place and a new
camp will take tho plnco of, tho old
ono ln a very short tlmo, so that the
operation of-tho-mill will bo very
littlo' rotar&.d.    ,o ,
If*       III!
Ill       1*11
Blacksmith.*'Holpors / 2.02    ,    2.SO
Carpontors    8,67*
Carpontors' Helpers     2.02
Power House Englnoors    8.07
Powor House,Engineer Helpers   8.15
Fan Mon    2.02
Hoisting Englnoors .,....."....   2.80
Box Cnr Ldr, Englnoor ........ '8.15
• III  ••!•  llll  III*
llll  lilt
llll  III!
11*1  I « I 4
llll  III!
• * I I  III*
(III  III*  llll
llll  l»|l  llll
1 0
Romodellng of tho building noxt to
lho Northern Hotel Is under wny pro-,
puratory to Us ocoapancy for 11 mov-
Inn it'ftiiro show by the Isis Th-Miro
(.'it. of Calgary* M. Q. Conloy ls
mnnngor of tho local branch and ox*
poets to glvo nightly porformances In
the noar. futuro The ontranco to the
building Is set back in from tho street,
tho roar portion Is to bo, extondod
farther backward and tho • intorlor
made as comfortable as possible   *
III!   Illl.lltl   llll   llll   llll
•1*1   llll, till  ltd   (111   llll
• III  llll  1*11  llll  I4»f  till
•III fill llll llll till till
tlilfi  11 I I I I » I I I • I I
•lllllllllll ttllllll
• •ti     Iiiii    mm     mm    ttit
Itit  till  lilt  till
1 l ti  fill  1111  itit
O '•* '■
Duty on Coal
Is Removed
As a means whoroby the Intensity
of the threatened cosi fttnin. may be
■ < , > ,    ,  .
lessened an order tn council was pas.
ed on July tint, allowing free entry
Into Canada from tbe Unitod States nt
all ports of entry west ot fUult 8t,
Mnrlo »nd 120 degrees west. Tbis Is
applicable only to bltumtftou* coals
for consumption In Bankatebswan, Alberta and, British Columbia, .This
order com into effect on Monday, Aug*
ust 1U> and IU conUnusnee is dependent upon tbe duration of the strike.
When operations h*vo been resumed
tho ordor in council will be rescinded
and the duty restored as soon there;
aftor tm tbo authorities doom It polltio
and advisable to do so. '
2. SO
Tlpplo Engineer  '.   3.IS    ,    3.40'
Loco, Englnoor (Outside) ......   3.15
Loco, Engineer or Switchman..   2,75
Flromon'    2.051
Flromon..,,.,,..,,, ,,,,   3.67
Ry. Car Handler Mon '..   2.SO
Tlpplo' Dumpor Mon :    2.02
Tlpplo Dumpor I3oys ,,.   1.30
Car Repairers    3.15
Fan Flromon  ,    3.15
Lampmen (depending on No, of
Lamps and skill ot man).,,,   2.20*3.15
Machinist Helper
Ashman    2.02
Wiper Man    2.U2
Coupler Mnn ,    2.25
Couiilor Boys  .•* 1.50
Tlmbor Frnmor Men     8.16
Box Car Shovoler Mon    2.02
Finisher Aftor Box Car Londor  2,25
All otb«r Oiitwlrlrt T,n*hnr      ... * .*"
Bottom Mon   a.Sfl
Tall Hope Engineer   8,30   3.03
Tall Ropo JSnglnoor ,,,...,..,, 3.07 '  3.80
Breaker Engineer   3.15  , ..,, ,'Mn
riwl-or Oiler '.  y„A2   2.80
Washer or Tlnple Ollnr  ? tu   ,,. J, 9"
Breaker Picker Boss ..'..,-. 2.62  2.80
Breaker Platform Boss  2,b2 .... ,  .... 2.80
Breaker,Platform Men ..,,.... 2,16 ....  .... .,., 2,60
it*t    iiii
iiii     iiii
III!   Itlf   Itfl   till
Ill'l  Ittl  till  lift  lilt
• Itt  lift  llll  Itt
llll  III*  (IM
lilt  till
• til  III*
•III  t I t I
llll  llll  till
t, i*«
*? ,c,0
' J R. Boftf, who bafrbesn In charge
of tbe enginetirinr dr/partment of tbe
Crows Nest Pass Coal Co. bos severed bis relations wltb that company
and leaves to-morrow (Saturday) for
the conntry north of Bdmontott along
tbe Une of the O, T. P. The family
will remain in Porkle for the present.
.'     ' >  8 Pillar Differential
A differential of & to 12 oents tier ton.
This applies to all pillar extrsctlon nnt rnver-vl by tho lOOMOlt) Agreement, with the Western Coal Operators' Association. Differentials under
tbo old affreftm-ftrtt (nnd these rnn-jo att high ns theso sug60fltcd la thu M.i-
Jority award) will,, remain, lo forco, and tho new dlffcretiUsIs simply con*
stltute » basis fir negotiation between the different companies and the
employees at their mines.
8. An adjustment ot tbe contract rate at tbe Lille mine to at to make
the rate proportionnte to tbe site of the team.
4. An advance of ,1 per rent on th* ronlraet nM nt T_*thbrfdgc,
5. All other "contract rate* to remain unchanged.
These figures appeared In the Ferule Free Press and from tbem, assuming
tbat they are what tbey claim to be "authoritative." It Is quito evident thnt
On Monday last President Powell
visited tho local for tho purpoBO of
explaining iho quoBtlon ot tho referendum vote, whon aftor a lengthy
dlscuBBlon lt waB' decided to call n
spoclnl mass mooting, Inviting Vico-
PreBldont C Stubbs and Board Mombor J.'O. Jones. Thoro was a largo
crowd In nttondnnco whon tho two
officers montlonod, wero prosont.
Aftor tho - reports of Dr. Gordon,
Mr. Colin Maclood and.Mr A. J. Cartor
had boen road, Vice-President' Stubbs
went Into details on tho various Horns
contained In tho throo report*),
, It Is now eight years slnco thoro luui
boon nn ndvnnco rocolvod horo, whoro*
ns tho cost of living In that llrno
has gono up by a vory large nor cont.
Again, In othor camps south of tlio
boundary lino lncn.rn.os hnvo boon
granted, yot but 11 trivial  advance
to only a portion of thoso working
for tho mining companies  ts offorod
ns por tlio Cordon and Mnclood reports,  nnd  to countorlmlntico     this
thoro Is a vory npproclnblo roductlon
suggested In  tho .enrnlngH of mon
working on pillars.
J, O. Jonos, District Board Momber Hpoko about tho superficial nn*
tare nf flt-v InvMfli'ntlnn In anitt, nt
tho fact' that 43 days bad been ran*
su mod In deliberations In addition
to the wages quostion ho snld tlioro
are other questions of vital Intorost
to tho mlnoworkors that hnd not hnon
Riven the consideration tlinv nhniild
havo. Ho strongly advlsod all prosont to glvo tho subject under discussion Ili-Mr earnest thougl.tH ns
tho Individual not only bad 1*. duty
to hlmsolf and a duty to his follow-
workor. he also had his family to
think about.
Tho following motion was made
uiul .luUialud.
"That we endorse tbe action of the
Board and that a vote be takon."
1 An amendment, was mado that a
vote be taken, bnt tbat the ballots
bo uot counted ualess all tbe other
locala voted.
A meeting w%s afterwards held at
Frnnk wblcb like the one ni Coloman was crowded to ils csptltty. but
/'Miss ■ Mary /,Rbbichaud~Chocolate .
dish   ".' '      ' - ■_..' ■■ ■-..- ' -.';'"*'"''--V\' *"'
Miss Rose Wearmouth—Harid-palmV
ed bonbon dish. •*•■;   ,"'
Mr and Mrs.-William Robichaud—- ,
Sot of Silver knives and fork's.   7 7,
Mrs., Munkwitz—Hand-painted ..cak-S *
server. '-.,'•
Mr and Mrs. Ed. Prico—Table centre ,.,'•'
MIbb .Bertha. Pearson—Llnon table
cloth. ',,    ,
Mr. and Mrs. Wlnnott—Serviettes.
Mr nnd MrB.  Demour—Sllvor, cold
meat fork
Miss Glover—Bodroon slippers,
Mr and Mrs.    -Tom    Bullon—Rose
vaso. > *     ,    .
Tho groom's gift to tho brldo was11
a boautlful diamond ring.
1 Amidst a showor of, rice, coupled
with lho good wishes of a host of
friends, the young couplo loft ou tho
0,10 trnln for High River whoro thoy
will mako thoir futuro homo. *
Preliminary Course, Junior Grade—
Maximum marks, 1000; No. of candidates, 7; pasBed C—Woodhouso, Elslo,
670; Linn, Jamos, 0J1; Henderson,
Dorothy M„ 601; Dickon, Isnbol, 600;
Mulrhond, Arthur R„ 582; Qlddlns.
Monlo E„ 500,
Advanced Course, Junior Qrndo ~-
Mnxlmum marks, 1000; No. of candidates, 2; pnBsod, 1.—Rntomnn, Mary
tt„ MB,
Intormodlnto Grade —• Maximum
marks, 1200; No. of candidates, 1;
panned, 1—Mendorson, John D,
BolnuliiK August 1st, Tho Grand
Thoatro will bo under tho now mnnngo
mont, Messrs. Plzxocolo & Company
having bocomo tho lossoon nnd Intend
to oporato It In conjunction with tho
Fornio Opera Houso, which latter tlmy
will contlnuo to uro for tho oxcellont
moving picture films tlioy prosont
whilo tho largor building will bo do
votod to tho reception of theatrical
uo<upAni«s, intiotiugu and like gather-
Last Friday evening at the Baptist
Church, Miss Gladys HughoB waB presented by tho choir, of which sho "wan
n faithful nnd valued, mombor, with
n comploto sot of silver spoons as n
mark of appreciation nnd good will.
The recipient, though takon completely by surprise, wnB nblo to respond
In a hnppy manner nnd hopod to ro-
mombors tho donors for years to
come. Tho remainder of tho ovoning
wns spont In a nodal, cako nnd coffoo
bolng served,
Miss Hughes possosBos n swoot so
praiif) voice, nnd has appoared lo good
ndvnntngo on many occ/ilons boforo
Fornio audiences. In tlio Baptist
(.lunch horo hIh* will bo greatly mlssod
wlioro lior shiKlng wiih ko much «i_
Tlio Lmllcs Aid tea of the Mothodlut
Church'will ho given nt tlio homo of
Mth D V Moil, cornor of (lommll St
ami Ulvi'i'lmnk Avo, xmxt Tuomlay,
August 8th, from threo to six o'clock
111 tlw i_t.eino.Jii. Ail nro most cordl-
itti) luilUil tn lm iifi.e-jii(.
The Situation
A mass mating of tbe members of]
tho Gladstone Local 2314 was held In 1
the Grand '1 heatro on Tuesday, August
Ist, when tho building was crowded
to Its utmost capacity. Honrd Member J. W, Smith aud 8cc.-Trca* A 3
Carter wor In attendance
The object of the gathering was to
dUcunA ll»u <tuu*.l_u ot tbe pko_»o-*»mI
referendum to be taken relative to tbe
accepfsneo of Dr. Goidon's report is
a tistls of ntcotiatlotis.
The mn Jority wns overwhelmingly in
favor of not giving the Gordon report
any consideration whatsoever and decided not to submit It to a referendum vote so far as this Ic-cal was concerned, and notification of this action
was forwarded to tho other locals so
that tbey could know what bad been
done an*1 govern themn-nlves nrcordtng-
ly. A meeting was held on Wedn-M-
idi-iy nt .Michel, where like action waa
takeft as at Fernie. -  "*'-r"HM'-."(i f-,"s •v*- ,o tl.-''
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By W. R. Trotter
~ ."Go West!" young man, go' West!"
variations, has been dinned Into the
ears of the inhabitants, not only of
■* the Eastern Provinces, but throughout
-the length aad breadth of the British
"Isles. - ,« ,„ '-    ,
■; There is'a reason for most things.
, and for the insistent, and persistent
widespread repetition of the above
phrase there are many reasons.. Tho
transcontinental railways of Canada
have' established publicity bureaus in
the populous centres of Britain and
are paying large staffs for their own
particular .brand of inducements, besides having from time to time a small
army of lecturers employed to hang
frills around the printed arguments
and to ilustrate by moving film and
otherwise the points dealt with. ,
\ Besides the railway companies ,(who
are also shipping companies) tliere ls
the Manufacturers' Ascsociatlon, with
.ah agent in London, Eng., and a more
or less definite connection with a host
of shipping and ticket agencies, willing
to assist the manufacturers ln -their
schemes for the grist, which it brings
' to their- own little mill.
Allied with the Manufacturers'. Association, with varying degrees of
pecuniary interest in its schemes, are
to*  be   .noted . the-^  many   so-called
' "Boards of Trade," which" are to be
fought in,.every industrial community
" —chiefly composed   of   people   who
have something to sell. *      , ,
' The literature,and circulars of these
1 *•* 1 , - ■ 1
■people -have doubtless ■ been read by
; the 'bushel by all incoming settlers,
-a'nd being generously supplied so in-
. geniously mixed  vlo  with bona fide
, issues that the stranger is left to assume  that it is  all  reliable,  or  at
least finds himself unable to analyze
,, and j classify the material.
{-; The reason for all this carefully and
, often expensively prepared emigration
clamor must be obvious to even the
most,shallow thinker.     The shipping
andi railway   companies- want   dividends.     The ticket sellers want commissions.   • The manufacturers know
that a crowded market means eventually cheaper - labor and larger profits
blissful the present state of the "captain of industry"—with his heaven in
- full view.*
A Board of Trade is a title, which
, gets mixed up with that of an Imper
7  lai government department and to the
,   "Britisher"   conveys' an   official idea
■ which is in nb particular correct,1' as
'. these boards   are   simply   what   are
' known in Britain as   :.Chambers of
",• Commerce,"   ;iThls only'needs to be
stated for the average1 Briton to,place
tho correct valuation on tho matter
published by these bodies. Newcomers
"■ ,need all kinds of goods, houses, etc.
and these people havo theso and othor
things on hand.    An Increased' population moans Increased business returns.      Llko  British  Chambers' of
Commerce, these Canadian Bourds of
Trado may bo rolled'upon to throw all
their Influence to tho Bldo of tho employing fraternity in any crisis.   Builders' Exchanges from timo to tlmo nro
very glad  to sink tliolr Identity as
■ auch, and havo thoir purpose accora-
pllBhed undor the apparently innocent
aehcmoB of BoardH of Trndo]    During
a rocont building trades dlsputo ln
Roglnn tho 'Board of Trado" of that
city contrived to flood .the-whole neighborhood with building trades mechanics from' the. old land, and this js
far from being an isolated case..  - .
It is advisable that the new*arrival
at once begin'to analyze and place'at
proper- valuation the emigration' literature which he has waded through
for several months'past.' To discount
and entirely disregard 97 per cent of
lt will' save many dlsliluslonments and
disapprovements; while the more the
new arrival will use his experience as
a worker in the old land and apply
it to conditions as he finds them upon
arrival, the better will he be able to
appreciate the advice tendered ' by
those of his own class..
The workers of Britain do not allow
thc employing classes to entirely dictate their working conditions "and
wages, or else the organization in. that
country of 2,500,000 trades unionists
stands for nothing. One of the most,
common instructions to the newcomer
is to "take the first Job that offers."
If he is prepared to do this.then he
must also be prepared to accept tho
first wages and working conditions
which offered, and as a rule such
'offers" are away below Jbe standard
of the locality, in which' the stranger
finds 'himself, and the "offer'K* is made
with the hope, that the "stranger"
does , not' know his present market
value or is now so hard up that he becomes tin "easy, mark."
, Sometimes! wages are quoted in
emigration literature in ''connection
with the amount paid in, Britainr.for
same hours and'work. It is only when
the worker goes out to purchase what
he needs that he is able to arrive at
a fair comparison. The new arrival
who has come supplied with a fair
amount of clothing, etc., does not
immediately realize the full- weight
of the burden of living, nor is-he
likely to • do so until he becomes" a
householder and a'provider for a
family. -He will be staggered,in com-'
paring prices now and again,, but if
he comes provided In addition with
a wife and family^ then it-; is - safe
to say that his period of ^disillusionment in regard to'the value of wages
will early set iii.
- In order, that the'tollers in "this
in- regard to their hours of work and
remuneration for the same.' they have,
in common'with the workers in eyery
industrial country organized them*
selves into trades unions. Thoy havo
further found that a working agreement between the members of their
craft ln'Canada and those of the samo
craft in the United States gave financial; numerical and actual Industrial
strength to craft organizations, , and
overy local trade union is therefore
connected with the international.trado
union of its craft, while preserving
local autonomy,for all.ordinary purposes, These unions are also affiliated with the Trades and Labor Con-
gross - of Canada for legislative purposes on the north sldo of tho boundary lino, that duty bolng performed
for tliolr members In tho Unitod States
by tho American Federation of Labor.
Every International unionist has a
trade union "card" which Is'rocog-
nlzod and rospocted by ovory mombor
of IiIb craft throughout tho ontlro
North American continent,
The nowly arrived wngo-oamor Is
Invited to study this quostion from
tho standpoint of solf-Into. .Bt' nnd the
interest of. the J class .to' which'he be
longs.* He ,capndt-^separate himself
and hppe to accomplish'single-handed
What powerful organizations are al!
the time ■ struggling to maintain, lie
may. accept les than his market value
and express himself as "contented,
but he is bound-to realize that whaC
, 1
he has done in that case can also
be done again, and that another new
arrival may bo "contented" to receive
less than the amount he was at first
"satisfied" with,' thus, forcing him to
again undersell his competitor.
No argument 'should bo necessary
to prove the advantage of becoming a
member of one of those organizations
which have Becured definite contracts
and conditions of labor and are maintaining the same. "All that, the average worker has to sell is his power
to toil, and ' by collectively bargaining for the sale pf that power, better
terms may be made for all the members of the craft; "■*'-■.,
,, The new arrival will soon* discover
where'his interests He; but the workers already in the field are anxious
that he should have useful Information placed in his hands at the Very
threshold of his experiences in a new
land, so that he may avoid becoming
the victim »of a "cheap skate" employer by accepting less than the regular standard of remuneration.
'Let'it be remembered that there is
a huge annual influx to this'country,
and should' the newcomer in any one
year be willing to accept less than the
existing rates,, then their own future
is1 also becoming Jeopardized by that
very fact. * The smaller the' remuneration the less able will the worker
be not.only to cope with a gradually
increasing cost of Hying, but to maintain even * the low standard which
they might be-willing 'for a time" to
accept. * *        1
That-these succeeding _ waves of
population „wiH ultimately cheapen
labor' in" the competition .for Jobs is
the unconcealed wish of the employing corporations and is the outstanding reason for all emigration activity.
The matter- rests with the individual.. He may start in right by interviewing the representative of his craft
In whatever city he" .finds himself,
Information; or he may choose to plow
the "lone furrow" to his own detriment
and that of others.       '  1
'Nothing,-is more calculated to'inspire confidence than to have the privilege of > meeting every one or two
weeks with members of the same craft
to discuss matters of mutual concern.
Instead of being Isolated ln the struggle for existence he becomes a unit
ln an organization with common alms
—a brotherhood whoso Interests are
Identical, . If such organizations .have
been found necessary In the , older
lands, how muci^ more necessary aro
tliey hero, whoro the scrambh. for
dollars and the lack of even those
restraints of custom havo tended to
abnormally develop tho wolfish Instinct and to eliminate conscientious
dealing with tho' man whoso very
nocessltios drive him Into tha market
to sell all ho possesses—his labor
powor, and, porhaps, to bo under tho
necessity of | soiling It quickly. Recognize tho solidarity of labor, tbo
c ommunlty ot tho working claBBOS and
render a. porfect ns possible tho or*
pan Nation of labor, both In tho industrial nnd the'polltlcal field,
New Openings
For Miners
Recent Discoveries in Coal Beds of
England Will Revive Industry
Good llmofl nro In Htoro for tho
Minor, If tho Hlgns' of tlmon aro to
bo trusted there Is every llkollhood
In tho noar futuro of a boom In coal
mining, such ns wo hnvo not liml for
mnny a yoni. Indood, tho story of
rocont developments rond moro llko n
Jules Voi'iio romnnco thnn' tho record
of onllnnry business enterprise,  Tlio
1 Horn nicy hnd of conl Is noted throughout tho husiness world. A flno, rich
Hoam snmo olght. or nlno font, thick,
It wns RiippoNod to como (0 nn ond In
tho neighborhood of ConlHborough, and
for yours 110 !io|.o of finding suoh another Hciuvi existed.
Tho BclontlBls, howovor, cnmo forward, nml MiccM-ilcd In convincing tho
liiiHli.r»HH mnn Mini Milf. wnn n mUliik*
on Idon. Tlmy tnnlntnlned that
through soma groat upheaval of na*
tui'ii In pro-hlstorlc Union tlu. roal bod
, bad sunk to u deeper 1-uvel, but thai
it could most probably bo locntod
again between Harnsloy and tho
eastern const of Yorkshire,
Much money, tlmo and pntlenco was
oxpended. Borings wero successfully sunk In various places by dlfforont speculators, with the rosult thnt
to-day wo nre faced with tho prospect ot a trade dovcloiiracnt In Yorkshire that will nltor tho fare of the
Within ton years' time 40.000 to
SO.000 additional colliers will b« at
work In Yorkshire mines that havo
,, not yet beon opened, and at tho lowest eitlmate this mean* an Increaso
of tuO.UOO Id i*-i_u,li__U(.i*_ uf lUu U'uttd-
acred county. Though the principal
development will tako place in
DoncaBtor district, tho wholo country
will ho rapidly burrowed until a
lino of mines Is In oxlstonco, ox tending to tho boundnrlos of tho city of
Hull Itaolf, Though In many Instances lt will be nocossary to sink
a nhaft 1,000 yards doop, tho thick-
noBB of tho aonrn and tho uso of tho
most modorn mining machlnory will
onablo tho proprietors to, huccohb*
fully compoto with nil comers, and to
guarantoo good proflta nnd dividends
for tho capital InvoHted,
With a splonilld railway, systom tapping tlio conlflold, and nn ontorprlB*
Ing port llko Hull within easy roach,
tho proHtlgo of Newcastle ns a coal
contro may bo seriously threatened;
In fact, ihoro nro optlmlHts who pro-
plumy thnt lho saying, "currying could
lo Newcastle" will not scorn so ridiculous as lt has done In yonrs gono by.
Somo of tlio coalpits In this district
of Doncnitnr, marti-d during lho pnst
fow years, already hold lho world's
rocord for weekly output, and tho
visitor hns tin* opportunity of examining the finest plant lu tho world.
Colliery workers not only In York-
Hlilro, but of all parts of England,
hcoti.tini tutti Wnki, an. (.uujving to
tho new coalfields, and whin tho full
dcv-r-lopmcnt has taken placo a -rosmo*
jmlltiin crowd will rapidly proceed td
develop nu ontlroly dlfforont typo of
*.orfc_'j*_iT-*([mTi to vim tuie ot \uo pt*>
sent day.      .
To tho workman tho prospoct of a
trado boom Is vory welcome but to
tho culm thlnkor good trado has (ts
problems ns well ns Its undoubted
The Archblslwp of York rocontly dc-
cluiud thai "*.« must he eix*.uatvdy
alert In removing all bouses and villages that are of an insanitary character, nnd wo must remember thnt lo
pull down Is only half of tho solution."
Ills Grace dealt st length wltb tbe con*
dttlouu existing In mining vlflagos,
and It cannot be gainsaid tbat unless
lho [somo sano and satlsfai.tory housing
arrangements nro mado to cope with,
au Influx of population' attracted by
Iho opportunities of', getting work ln
tho now coalpits wo Bhall havo a
[•hocking stato of affairs brought Into
oxlBtonce. In building houses for
tho minor and his family lt Is to bo
hopod that moro "houses" and fewer
"dwellings" will bo doslgnod. Land
Is cheap In tho district, and thoro is
no rouson to scamp tho room1 or to
hulld lohg, dreary rows of depressing
hrlck boxes with slato lids, Tho
minor Is naturally passtonatoly fond
ot gardening, With a littlo foresight
In planning tho now homesteads, vu-
Ingcs nnd towns nil possibility of futuro overcrowding slums Is provonted.
Mnny colllory companies to-dny nro
doing noblo work In this rospoet, nnd
tho model colllory vlllngo of Woodlands, In tho nolghborhosd of Don-
caster, Is undoubtedly thc prldo of
Yorkshire, But the coal owner can
not bo oxpoctod to complotoly should
or tho bunions of tho Bmplro, and nB
tho Archbishop of York hns hlntod,
this problem of houso-hungor Is a nn
tlonnl consideration,
■"H       ..*) 1' 11 III I l> II        II
M»«UM._»,   _..s.    *.k/».».«l_,_    ui,    . __4_M__    ...    Llti.
Yf-rVnhlrr* ronltlMdn. then Xhn romlfifr
trado boom will hnvo lost nil Its terrors and Yorkshire cnn look forward
to a long spoil of flourlnhlng prosperity In businoss clrclon nnd satisfied
nn«*'Anfm*A?,"if    injnnf»       Mtf.      I1)* "!*]?* ^l?
Victoria Times. ,,
, The following account, boiled 'down
somewhat ..for'the sake of brevity,. Is
written? by a, Jesuit priest.. for the
Catholic. paper, America.' It contains
a*very good estimate,of the greatness
of I'the ,Ge'rman Social-Democratic ■'
movement. "-, ' - ** "\ ** "-. - \J
■* ♦♦-'*,.''--,   ,- •'„'-
If numbers • and organization are
synonymous"- witb.'pewer, then the
Social-Democracy , of< .Gerptan'y . ls . a
political and, social force of the first
magnitude,, Its steady and rapid
growth.since Its * rise in. 1871 ls the
more 'significant,, because* with ,the
march of time and the, change of
events, it.has shown^ no signs of
abatement or decrease., A brief summary of. Socialist progress in ■Germany should be of interest", to
thoughtful Americans, since what has
come to pass in Germany is' at least
possible in America.    *      ' '   ■'
At the first reichstag elections —
1871.— the Social-Democracy received
120,000 votes and ten years later
though restrained by, the "Socialist
laws,'" it nevertheless: counte4 '312,-
000 adherents. With'the'cessation of
governmental checks the party waxed
strong, and*In 1890 it polled* a total
of one arid one half million votes. In
1898,' the two million mark was reached, followed by three millions in 1903.'
At the *. last * national election "Die
Social-Democratie" registered 2,260,000
votes, and,today even their enemies
are willing .to concede that in the-impending January election they will
come close to, four million votes, making tbem by far the strongest party
in the1 fatherland! The Socialists'
themselves are more confident and
look for 'higher figures. They base
their estimates* on the fact that' in
the last five'' years, 1906 to 1911,' the
number of their organized party members has almost, doubled, having'risen
from 384,000 to, 720,000. Never has
their agitation,been more ,-vigorous
than to-day,'and if,local elections'1 are
any forecast of the coming national
struggle the Social Democracy is fully Justified injts hopes.' It will be' of
interest'to.stuiiy this development of
power in''detail, for in studying the1
various factors, the resultant becomes
-plain-and'tangible:—'• r— *—
The'finances—-always- the sinews of
war—of .the party are most flourishing
as Is evidenced by, the fact that the
party income ,for the.last year (July
1909-1910) was no ■> less than 93^,409
marks." To this amount their leading,
organ. Der Vorwaerts, contributed its
annual profit* of 113,000 ,marks.
. "The manner, ln^which the 300,000
marks were used for agitation purposes * gives "a striking confirmation
that the children,of this world are
wiser in their'generation than the
children of* light. '.'The. annual report
of 1909-10 states that 29,826 members
wero added and 13,814 public meotings
wero, hold; that 23,102,440 tracts
gratuitously spread "the glad tldlngB
of the future," and that calendars and
pamphlets were .' distributed to the
number of 2,545,811. Thus, as an example, of their propaganda, tho farmers received an "agitation leaflet" in
tho form of a personal lottor, ln which
tho city comrados lovingly nddresso'd
thoir country cousins as "Dear Relatives." ,
But by far tho most potent agitator for Gorman Socialism Is tho press,
ond horo a veritable campaign ■ of
printers' Ink comes into view. In 1909
tho party conjtrollod sovonty*olght
daillos, Issued from fifty-seven of thoir
own establishments, and tbOBO papors
counted 1,100,080 BUbsorlbers — just
doublo tho amount glvon for 1004—
only six years boforo, Der Vorwaots,
tho loading party organ, dally sends
forth 140,000 coplos, giving It rank
with tho chief newspapers of tbo empire, Anothor lnfluontlnl journnl Is
Dio aiolchholt, tho offlclnl orgnn ot
tho womon Soclnllsts, Last year It
had 85,000 subscriptions. Tho lltor-
ary wookly, Nouo Zolt, claims nearly
100,000 rondors, while tho moro learn-
'    -\!    '-.J*-*-.'
^Beware of:
;._ ,*•'■ *-■*■■,> 1 "-
Sold*'on the
Minaret's .
__»-. t      *,t
August 6-11,
Wo regret that the artlclo" "Old
Blavo- Rovolt,' should have appeared
In our columns without tho Wostorn
Clnlrlon being credltod for some, last
BUTTB, Mont, July 91—Three mask
ed robbers ehrly today, entered a
saloon In Mesdville and probably fatally shot one of seven men -who were
pMylnij. enrdn nnd nnmrod f(MO which
was on tbe table*. Th. robers escaped,
od So7,lallHtlscho Monatshoft is, almost equally popular, Comic papers
nro not wanting, nnd tho londor, Dor
Wnliro Jakob, dlsponsos 'smiles as
woll an Soclnlism to nonrly throo hun-
(lend thousand intoroslod rondors. To
ihls mighty nrrny of printed powor
must ho ndilod tho lnfluontlnl press uf
tho Socialist trndos unions, nn Influonco which mny, bo measured by
tho fact thnt In 1007 thoso unions bad
U..7,H(1 mombors and 33,000,000
mnrks In thoir tronsury. It Is difficult
to got a clear concept of tho magnitude and Intensity of this pross propaganda; It must bo soon, especially
111 Uiu iurge industrial centres, to bo
fully realised.
Perhaps/ tho most fearful feature of
Oeiiiiiiii Socialism Is' tlio nstoundlngly
rapid und almost moteorlc growth of
111* I'liiuenbowegiitig—-Its female propaganda, Slnco thb first conference of
Soclnl-nomocratlq women ln Mains,
1900, It has advanced with leaps and
bounds. Tho Gorman fomalo Socialists are vorltable amnions ln tho
e.nwte. • '
In 1900 02,000 women wore mem-
born of the party organization; cuo
year later they numbered 20,000 more,
and today they loudly claim to have a
hundred thoimnnd members,
Tho ofllcnl Journal of tho women,
Is Die Cltlchbelt (Banality), -which
otxfnyn nn ovor Increasing popularity
(77,000 subscribers In 1000; 86,000 <n
Nor have the 'Socialists been unmindful of'the aphorism,,""WhoWer
has the youth has the. future." •' Their
Jugendbewegung Is simply amazing in
Its extent and variety; no means nre
left untried Iri.the* effort to1'capture
the coming generation*. Beginning'in
1904 with,societies' and Journals nominally Indifferent,' they were; gradually developed a' propaganda as insinuating ''as it.' Ib ' effective. -**' This', propaganda includes the youth of both soxes
and" Its influence finds its' way Into
the'remotest country^ school/ ' *
' But beneficent" Socialism is not'content to supply the mind of youth with
nourishment; the-body, too,.muat,receive its' attention, and hence sports
arid entertainment play an'important-
part ,l,ln. the winning of the younger
generation to the cause.* Clubhouses
have been establishes**in" 105 places,
70 of which are" provided with free
i>   . .        ' 1
libraries and, —"-a point to be noted
-■-■-these clubhouses are open to both
sexes, .certain.equality . with a vengeance. "•*- In connection with this "uplifting  of  the. youth   the annual report for 1910 • chronicles 1,434-lectures
arid entertainments, 38 courses of 'instruction; 259 theatricals, 215 visits to'
museums,, 1,466 outings,  etc. - Here
too, printers' -.Ink is not spared.- ',   , ,
,'*' German '--Socialism,. though checked
by the'(might, of monarchy" and'an opposition" ministry, has not worked/altogether In vain in its efforts to'iejze
the reins of government. * Thanks'to
class "elections ' and"' other .""political
agencies,' its representation in'parliament is in no proportion-to its po-*
clalists ' with 'wrath, and. ,they7are
promising themselves' an ultimate victory and ari awful day of .reckoning.
Nevertheless, /in 1909, "they held ''in
nineteen of the provinces* hearljrtwo
hundred seats in the respective' diets,.
while in", the various city arid town
councils they were represented l*y no
less (than 7,533 memberB—often a ('majority — and'these,, members have
been Increased*by the last elections..,
This is German Socialism' In tho
year'of grace,' 1911. 'It'is a giant octopus, extending its feelers into'overy
corner of the empire, to bq.seen with
tho naked eye or deciphered Hi tho
columns of unemotional statistics. It
has grown thus In forty years, in prosperous times-and,In a land economically tho best suited ,on tho continent, and ataong a' peoplo hitherto
rogardod for tho lnlolllgonuce and'con-
sorvatlvoness,' Could history tlms repeat Itself; In" our land of freedom and
plenty? Would, a change bi* chock
In our "good times" for thoy cannot
contlnuo forever—precipitate such a
movomont and lead to lllto results?'
A few years ago ProfosBor Vomer
Sombnrt, tho well-known Gormim so!**
clologlst, camo to Araotica to otudy
its conditions, and on his return to
Buropo ho published his rosultn In a
work ontltled* "Why Is Thero No Socialism In* the .United States?" Tho
book dlsousses tho economic, political
and social'conditions which hayo thus
far mado posslblo tho' suocossful
propagation of continental Soclnlism
lp the United States, nnd yet Bom-
hart closes his volumo with this 'ro-
mnrknblo sontonco: "All tho (adore
thnt lmvo up tb this tlmo, rolarded
the evolution of Socialism ln tlio United -States aro on tbo point ol vanishing, or of changing Into tliolr eon*
trnrlos, nnd, as n consoqumiro, Socialism will, In nil llkollhood, during
tho noxt generation nttnln In thouiiloi*-.
Its highest dovolopmont." Hero l.) a
statomont to mnko Americana 'iiuiso.
Ih It possible? Is It probable7-Vrcd-
oi'lck Stodonburg, S,.T,
45 Steam-Heated .Rooms-.
". fw:
Hot "and Cold 'Bathf~:'y
■  •-.;"* yytr-yr: y   *, ■* •*• ..-.■:-■*, *-.-..*■,  v- . ... ■*__•.■.„■
•.h,,-:.,'/ y'&■•&i' : *'■'^YY - ». h/YYy'-Yr'{"YYY'
" -YY'j ^Y^YMYtiYyiYYY v %..;, £ YY Yy£YiY: *
YrY,. -'^M':iKin^
1   *"    ,,'.     1     :*;■*)■*-    *\«77 ,/•   'r^1'^'.'*''-   .,5,1,}., ■.   v    ;, -    ■;.-,-
:, Fernie's' ,';Liea^g:/'C^Dlmerc^dV'Hbte^^^V.^'^'
H* .;-
^y+S7'Yl:Y^ -;?.
*..*-. '.*-* *>. —*r- r.c /■„■•' -"'J*' ',
-, .+... ' i"1 . **"!".    '•   '     '
■y    .      ,- -       -s-       '     V-y
' V '.'. .  ' s.7 '■*-' 'Jf - , *
'■.""The Firiest/Hotel in East Kootenay #7-   7'N   j{L' GAtES... rop. 7
;".-*.    '*-»'• .- *" "■ *. **w .- .■*" *"   '--<    i,"       1 *.•" "5 .•. -   "-   '■»•*.- •*•.-£'  v.     Jr
. ' *      -- * *    *■■-"' "•'_ '■, *     '    *•*-'" '..-'_ '1 v -• * .    , v •'■ ',,"
''■ ;?^"7
.: .--
,■.>..,. *-,-,,■■' •  HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO7(| _•-,'. ,-..'/..
" Capital Authorised-;1...$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed ....-$5,575,000'
' Capital. Paid • Up......."..',$5i575JO0O ,/,;Reserve Fund .'. *,.T..'.... .$5,575,000:
*.,•* ,'D. R. wiLKIEVPrealtfent .      HON. ROBT,JAFFRAY, .Vice-Pres.
i\    * 7'' ,BRAr.CHE8   IN, BRITISH COLUMBIA.., ; f'      .'_   ' '
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fsrnle,'.Golden, Kamloopt. Michel, ;Moy!e, Nelson,
v • y'"       •'-   Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT  7   -'{'y '. ,"'"{,   ?
liefest allowed on deposits at currant rate from date of'deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH  *■   *■        ,=      "v GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager. ;
-     _*  -
-V    '.
hero at any time and.in,;any.
quantity'. '.You- cannot'swamp''
'.,',us with a large order, or give
\ us so small.'a' one'that we*.will
* not, attend'!to it.\   ',"",'.,'
:■-'.-.',..',.  .*-"*..* *■** v .' -,
JOISTS, SHINGLES, Etci       ',-''. ("■
*,' '   a''     _
for -any'kind  of building you';
may be at work upon.   -Have'
""* *' '   .      -.■ :
•us send you up-what you want
1 . - - . .   -. , *
when .you want It. *;,,'. ■ ,  . \
,- -,. 'ii
'."._*' *' 1,
.Stanley St.. -  Nelson"
Best Family and Working man's,
Hotel In City; nicely furnished
rooms with  Bath. 7. Beds',' 50c*
each, meals, 35c.
.-'"'- *   ,""'' "'
A Union House
Prop.y J. 8. BARRATT-
' . i*
;    -. -.. -.. ,- *  - ■
ILarge; AiryTRpoms^e:;
Good,Board   v
Ros_ & Maekay _£»;
"i   ► "**   * 'v., 1
' ■   "■ *.--.;■■    ■* - 1 -
are abundant,^ cheap ,'and easily obtained -from nearby' localities. Thus
In'* e,ach province, "certain species
were used to the exclusion of all
"othersl '-British Columbia usod all
fir; Nova Scotia used' all spruce, balsam, ahd hemlock; Alberta uapd , all
tho Jack plno, larch and poplar, Thoso
threo provinces contain tho principal
coal mines and consume over 95.por
cent .of tho Canadian timbers.- Tbe
oro mines of Ontario, although "many
in numbor, usod only ono per cont of
tho total. Thoso mlnos nro small,
shallow,'nnd. in tbo .solid rock, so
that littlo timber was required for sup--
Mnny mines uso consldornbloriunntl-
tics of tlmbor annually tu their opora*
tions, Statistics of tho nmount usod
havo boon collected hy tho fyrcstry
blanch ut' Uto LMparlmont of (|.o lit-
torlor, Hound (unsawn) timber was
used to tbo extent of 52,8*1 %W llnonl feot In Canada In 1010 and coBt
an avorago of $0.00 por thousnnd foot.
'iA.AUit.ww tt-oaia U.fet, ot %awu liimtmr
and timber wore usod, worth |13.63
por thousand, Tlto totnl quantity of
timber used cost $827,337,
Tho round timbors varlod In diameter from threo to thirty-six Inches
nnd were xinad mos'ly rnidergrdiinfl an
mlno supports, to give artificial support for Insecure roofs nnd xnWt, and
to protect shafts, drifts and Railway*.
Ordinary lumber constituted most of
the sawn tlmbwr, and was used sb.ive
ground for buildings, broakcri, tip
pUsi washers And trtttks. Below
(jrotind, tbo nnwn timber erttm into
the ventilator shafts and seti, Thlr-
l«m different species of wootl v»blcb
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go;, Ltd.
1.     .iv
Under a costly cnyopy
Tho village blacksmith sits;
Beforo him is a touring car.. .. .,
■Broken In littlo bits—
And tho owner nnd tho chauffeur, too,
Havo almost loBt their wits.
The village blacksmith  smiles  with
As ho lights his fat cluar—
Ho tolls his holpors what to do
To' strnlgbton up tho enr—- ,'
And thp ownor nnd tbo chauffeur, too,
Stand humbly whore thoy aro,
Tho vlllngo blacksmith puffs bla wood
And smllos a smilo of cheer        ,,
Tho whllos his helpers pump tho tiros
And monkeys with tho goar—-
And tho ownor nnd tho chnuffour, too,
Stand reverently noar,
Behind tho vlllngo blacksmith ls
Tho portnl of his shop;
Tho shop Is vory largo ln sUo,
Willi n I Hod roof on top—
And tho ownor nnd the chauffeur, too,
, At u woro gtuu 10 mop.
Tho chlldron going homo from school
Look In at tbe opon door;
-Thoy llko to seo htm mnlte his bllln, ,
And bear the owners Toar—
Thoy ne'er paid tbat before.
He goes each morning to the bank
And salts away bla cash;
A high silk hat and long: frock coat
Help blm to cut a dash—
lxt[t thn own er and thb chauffeur, too,
Tbelr teotb tbey vainly (-nosh.
The chestnut tree lone ilnce has died.
The smith ,doet,nOt wptne;
Ills humble shop bas jtrown Into
A building big and flno—
And It bears "Garage" above tbo door
On a large electric sign.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries; Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Nowhere In the Pass can b*
found In auch a display of
Wt have the br.M mr>ni'7
con buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal. Poultry, Butter,
Egas, Pish, "Impsrator Hams
ind< Bacon" Lard, Oausagss,
Welnsrs and Sauor Kraut.
st'**!.'-,! '.   .'■'.'■ i.Si.m!.JS.---.m.   i.rrrs
Electric Rettorer for Men
via »__<_ vtulitr. FrMttTar* -%ty tad ill itioij
-.tlbnH tvwtfti *X mt*- riakej/kmaet *«itt
mtkt mantmmi%, trite 10• bet.ertwo f<w
fe.iffii_vE2f»2t *L8^^B^
Wor Bait at ftfsasrfett. Dni0 8ter# ■ >■**,.>._ _-
- ** k ;*.
--   ^v'
_   '
, V _  '"
ll .
I-*** " I
" V*-.*",^*1-^
'■i *'. '**£*,,. "**'
,.l.J-:.-  .
- ????-'■;'';
1 "i>t-r*».
.*.      _!    .-    . 1. ."  - J.__. . T1,     . .   _• ' .Iti
-a f_   *,-( AW-iJ;'
■J fj..y^' jKi-r'-r
■ $>*  ■
*■■_        *
. *J'SI
i : "... **»V*.»^
*• J*     -- -_tv''**  __?_ '*■-*■■"/ '••>>•• '■-. '1 ':-.•;■-• *1^ •      "$;-Sr^'.k .*;.■>..   7-7 .J
!  I _Sai**i a   snici_ayi_licss
"./',■.,■ By, Joseph E.X!ohen •.-_'• .; /|
.-,:. Jf\'.y'By,social-^diseases'are meant those
'7 of'oiir aflictlons'that arevvislted upon
'■ us-.because of the way moatof us work
"' and.jive.T"' Social diseases,,, therefore,
t y*1 prey" upon"largo numbers, ,aiid require
I j'y-'. treatment upon ,a scale"-' larger-, titan
'-' ■?''-*-; comes from- personal.care\arid dosiiig
. - -.v..,- 'with medicine.,.* And, moro.eo than- in
.1'7'the-caBO .bf* individual ilte,lis.it*.true
'*    ,'     , il^>: <«nn_!r,l_,^ ,'nKnnM    *_>_.i<i<«m''''.g'J
i,1/     t
that7 prevention'JsbouldL, concern'
',; abovo. everything" else."    -7*£
'-.*: -Fo rexample,.'i)r.-Plexher says that,
'•'■there "Is no cure foi* infantile,paralysis
" ' except t by prevention of its .spread.  ,
-'. Prevention in general/however, pro-
,  bes more,deeply than'.that;y-1  , y-;
7 Tho greatest sociaf. diseases Is' poverty. **■   It is* universal.7 .^Moreover, as
hardly needs explaining, it is the breed
ibg ground of many, if not,all,'.social
,'. diseases.^' And,. in. the - last .analysis
only when, the way we -work'and live
has -ben'"so improved' tha*T'poverty Is
-'• no longer ^ossibTe.'/w.ill we b'e spared
the diseases^ Ithat; scourg.eus.'"" "'   *.
; "'j;To'get some'idea of the size of the
-.problem-of "social diseased the follow-"
. -ing. data has been gathered from various'■eminont-i medical authorities.' *  "
' ^_ * At.-'all .times there, are 3,000,000 peo-
•*■" • pie iin the -United,-, States seriously .111.
''Fully   half of this iliiess is preventable."   Of this number, 500,000,are'con-
, "-sumptlves.' 150,000" dying annually. -7*
Three-fourths of consumption can be
' \avoided.. ' On^a, par'with tuberculosis,
'*-■' in-its number, of-victims stands-pneu-
>.^."monia. •'  '   *■ ;.        r/ '-"." \\  V'**V  .,
' ''■' There are 3,000,000 cases bf-'malarla
, vin this country annually.   While^this
i1   disease ls not serious necessarily, yet
- ' It predisposes t omore malignant dlse-"
-, **.ase, , practically all ..this is prevent-
.able.       -•>_   ;„_.   - ,, - ;'.-   •;-,",-    *    -i  *'
} ' There,are'also'80,000,blind lnv,this
land/of whom only 5,000 are cared
'•"" for by the state.,;,'   '"' ' 7 "■-. •-. - '
There'are 2,000,000 'people .in this
!. * country.suffering from,syphilis.  .* It'is
i  stated that fully, seventy-five per'cent
'   of the' male population' contract goribrr-'
,'hea'and fifteen per cent syphilis/; -The
.'most dreadful consequences is,the ef-
.-. feet upon children of such coritaminat-
."   ed "persons! "„,The extermination of yen-
■> ereal- diseases would probably! mean
the elimination, o.  at least .'one-half
,~.rof our Jnstitutions' for^'defectiyes,; _
.*,",;,.. There'are; '200,000,  pronouncedly
,' States;   . Of these; 16,000 are .'inmates
•  of: almhouses.V while 'only 18,000,-' are
cared'for in special Institutions.   '
The best Judges beliey,e that insanity
,_ Ib lncreasng,
j Alontaljfllseases^ are largely^ duo;to
.heredity, alcohol; syphilis" and*environment, . causes which are" preventable
, • • or removable.', ■, ■■   .,. -. -,■. .;.  *' .'"■-'
'  Eyestrain isa particular evil of civilization, extending, to the.-wttoile nervous
. Bystem. >   Nouresthenia has its grip on
'   thousands of men nnd wprnon, break-
•.  ltig down'their average "vitality,'and
, , rendering them' more'liable' to aorlouB
. slcluioss and .death.! ,y\ s   ,'     ',;    .
It Is estimated,that tbo total mone*
/ " tary loss duo to disease. Is threo billion
'dollars,  of which  amount one-third
falls to tuberculosis,    And, again, that
.. fiftoon> years at least could bo added
,., - at onco to tbe average human life by
applying tho science of preventing dis-
baso,' Mcyre than half of tho, additional lifo would come from tbo prevention
of tuberculosis, typhoid, and flvo other
disea,s(ss,',tho,prevention of* which." could
be * accomplished '{by- pure air,/'water
^nd'milk.V'7 _-..*'; ,v,--y »-' - ,.y; ,",-' Jy
-. impure 'milk .s - the, direct. cause of
such ravaging "infant" diseases ;a"s, "diarrhea and; inflamation of, the _; bowels,
Ex^VimentsViif Cincinnati, Liverpool
and other,cities/-sh'ow.:.that"children's
tuberculosis is .easily-.preventable by
the* use'of ipuro.br pasteurized-milk.
^Highly* Important in "this connection' as
well.asin'.others, is^ it,t"o";safegbard
against.the pollution .ofithe/water supi
ply of the'Clty,, (" , .;» ,' ^"'-"',;," . -• ■■
..*■' About one-third of .the children attending school are from'■one to two
years behind' their proper class.' - It is
regarded-as axonservatlys statement
to ' say . that?, from; one-third ,to two.
thirds of all school,children need medical treatment. . A large proportipn'of
school children are underfed or ignore
antly f(3d,'brlngingiabout what,is termed as malnutrition,'Which in turn,'causes maramus, rachitis or "rickets," scorj
butis or '"scurvey^andpredlsposes'the
little one to blther'less acute, but more
chronic disorders, such >'as, colds * and
indigestion!. "■!.•■■"■.'.. / ''-'^'fv''* •- -
'- Aside from' these .diseases as such;
are-those which'.are peculiar in some
respects to- the. ordinary, occupations.
Almost every, trade carries as its boon
companion.some'dire penalty.'. Whether it,be' the, monotony'of-work .wrecking ■ the * nervous *- 'system, * the -strain
upon'certain* organs" or parts of ..the
body, insanitary conditions of the place
of, employment or the material handl-
ed.'the men and women and childdren
who,*do the* work, pf the world receive
the ,daily.sbread-wetted by, their.life
blood. '■''■'* , -' 7, .7""
-This may be seen from'the following
table,' showing the, death rate per thousand in various walks of life: -     s /,
. ' 1 ' ,:/■• '' '■ ■
' Mercantile* and trading-* .
-Clerical and official,.*■	
Laboring-arid,servant ...
,-'Among the:.'diseases of occupation
are those.due.to gases,' vapors,:*dust,
fumes.'-hlgh temperature,' working '' in
caissons and compressed air,'-diminished atmosphere,, chemicals, 'explosives
arid the gases' evolved!! metallc poisons,
raining,, parasites, and' micro-organisms
generation aud^use of electricity and
electric 'welding; increasing the- pace
and fatigue. ' ■ 7,.,'*- 7" "7. - ; \
s It is"said that*'we send to the hos-
every' minute in the year." '"And, the
reasons.,for this, -aside"from.*those
which are part and parcel "of the occupation itself, are thus put .briefly by
another,physician:'        '.y..y   .   \
"The ordinary workingman works
two or threes hours ;too much every
day.' l Nearly overy , man > overworks
himself, takes insufficient rest and,recreation, and worst of> all, cuts off hia
normal portion, of Bleep," * ~ ' ".■ hi,
, .The groat plague of tho ago Is tuberculosis, the white massacre. *, It is
distinctly a disease ot tho poor. Nearly all very poor, people In the cities
have it at one,tlmo or, another, aiid
one-third of.those,who got it die'of
it. An export has said. , > , ''
', 'In^practicnl life'' thoro is groat affinity botwoon starvation and tuberculosis; '.Not only is starvation the
bottom upon which tuberculosis-rests;
a recent Investigation in Des Moines
stiowo that ono-tblrd of tho pauperism
ls duo .to that disease'. This dosplto
tho .fact,thut tuborculosls is, hardly
hereditary, easily "curable.-'_ .and../'.Still
more' readily preTenWble.""''5^'v"' '-■ '•.
."-Starvation, close kinpftuberculosiii,
expresses itself '. in1' moderii.7bousing
among the'poor.''"For example^in'-New
Yoite City, 80,000 buildiri'gy,''hqldlng,3;-
000,000, people, are •'so j constructed "as
*to bo a menace to'the, "community in
case of fire; About 36q;o66 rooms' are
without windows. And? tiie^irian,. who
cites-these figures; says: 'Jfjijyylyjj
.,* "Only cai;ter iuirty-f6ur'>yeafs-;'of!"effort, have wo arrived ■ at-*an! adequate
method, bf insuringj proper.-light arid
ventilation in tenement/house's.".-/**l',
As. an' illustration'" of.\hbw."qulckl/'
disease may be' prevented or -cured, It
may be mentioned.that the-Japanese
decreased their dyseritry 'cases from
12,052' in* the. Chinese war 'to' 6,624. in
the Russian war; their,,cholera casfs
from 7,667 to none, .their; malaria ^cases from 41,734 to 1,357.» Although'their
army in the - Russian war was three
times the size ot that iri the.'Chinese
war. ;' ' * /'- " -"'.ry-- :*'-■>, 7
..- Enough ha. been given-to show that
social diseases sap,the health and life
of the, working'.people particularly,
that, these diseases could , be; easily,
avoided, and-that 'their, record will.be
closed-and blotted in the.chronicle'of
civilization .along with,.the great
plagues of the. past,, once .'poverty an<51
Its attending Ills, are. wiped out.; ■    .
But-much,"can be done, even now.
How satisfactorily it will be done-depends in„large measure upon the in-,
fluence exercised by-.*working-people
over legislative bodies. As beginnings
in the "right direction, tho efforts of
the 'Socialists'' iri municipalities must
be-spoken of first'of all. For to the
community belongs,* the task of direct
administration, seeing to it that buildings are properly -.constructed, drainage right,' garbage, removed, streets
cleaned, ■' water- supply. unpolluted, in
8ects-and vermin destroyed, and that
'tbe .young are assured sufficient nourishment,* play and educational medical
attention.,/ ,       >   ■■- "
•' As" beginnings in the states along
the right lines, ■ may be instanced recent enactments Jn. Ohio, California,
Massachusetts,and Indiana. The Ohio
state legislature has passed a bill requiring the. governor to appoint twe^
competent;.' commissioners tb revise,
consolidate, and [ suggest amendments
to - the. laws" bf the sta^e pertaining
to children. California requires every
physician - to, send to the state' .board
of health a^ record of the place of employment .of, anyone, suffering from
any of-certain occupational' diseases.
Massachusetts is.the first state in the
Union, to enact a.law prohibiting industrial activity of women immediately
before and after cEltdblrtE
coming, also, to place less weight,upori!|*with. him ".what had'doubtless been- a.
Very hearty lunch—a lunch in which'
spices figured.     "Suppose I
medicine and moire* upon proper surroundings, fresh air, pure -water,-: sunlight,, exercise, \ rest , and ■recreation,
good food and.sex'hygiene. Most important '.of , all;. they- are coming ito
leara that"the economic system;* under
which we work" and live, is totally,out
of joint and that only as it is adjusted
will'social diseases! be crushed biit;
, In, this" inanner'"are the concrete
piers b6ing* laid upon which the great
bridge of knowledge, and effort will
"span from our present physical plight
to the haven of social health and happiness. ." 7   '       "',_•-„
1*1   ., - - ,
By A. Neil Lyons
_ {>   (•*>-  1
desire to raise a healthy'stock Indiana
unsexes or "sterilizes" such confirmed
criminals," Inbeciles „ arid idiots on
whose part procreation is- deemed inadvisable by experts.,
.Better results;.however,,will spring
from tho 'enforcement of adequate factory legislation, and from throwing
.pecuniary protection around working
peoplo in case of sickness, invalidism
old age and unemployment. - *
! It remains for the national government in the way of pressing measures
to collect and classify accurate statistics, to furnish more and better laboratories for research in preventive medicine and to disseminate Information as
to" tho prevention of tuberculosis and
other .diseases ,tho dangers of bad,air,
lmpuro food.-Imperfect sanitation-ventilation and the like.
! Medical,. schools aro coming, and
should continue to come, more* and
more to tako for'their motto that old
proverb ( "An ounce of prevontlon Is
worth a pound of euro."   And thoy are
There's Joy
in Journeying
when you go onst on a vacation. Mingled in your mind with
thercarcts at parting from home, is thc expectation of new and
beautiful Bights to see, thc joys of the return nnd thc many'things
to relate to those who remained behind. Take thc
Oriental Limited
to St. Paul, Minneapolis, Chicago and East. Thero. so much to
HI nbmit when yon on tbnr wiy—the *ni>i*\i\ trnIn i-i-in.frirt*'—
spotless new, vacuum cleaned cars, telephon-**-* connection from
.compartment cars, daily telegraphic news bulletins,*'free afternoon tea, served in tho compartment-observation car.
SVpu traVel tbo banks of tho Kootenai and Flathead and skirt the rim of
ador National Park as tho sun is setting—you sail down the Great Lakes
to the great cjtlcs rf tho Bast, Whc^you return', you'll know tho glory of
older, "Eastern Trips for Western People," Call on or address
J. S. THpMPSON, Agent, Fernie, B. C.
Phone,No. 61 ,   P.O. Box 305
■ I have made' 'it' evident, I think,
that.tiie girl Kitty'Js a good sort. She
was wearing some daffodils the other
night," and this is why.    -
+ .       * *' ',"*■  *    '   * *
,1; "Ain't you got'a young lady, then?"
If one'should;say to me; "Have
you a prosperous.future before you?"
I naturally should reply that I didn't
know." And. women. are certainly not
moro stable than, destiny. But yet.
when a fat old lady at a flower and
seed7stall asks' me whether I ain't
got!a;young,lady. Lam expected, by
insane convention, to offer a definite
reply.,. Pah! I ignored the fat old
lady's question!
."Ain't you got a young lady, then,
ole dear?", she said again.,     -'    *,
'Tuttingl young ladies entirely out
ofthe'".question," replied your servant, " you may take it as certain
that -1 "do riot • want these daffodils.
.What Tasked for-was a couple of dozen hollyhock roots."
.'.'It's, the "same to me, ye know,
young mail," pursued my stall holder,
"whether you "got a donah or whether
you .ain't;'". What. I* meanter say is,"
you could. give a bunch 0 daffies to
yer gran'ma.'' ,'
"Haven't got .a grandmother," I snapped.. .7. ''•-■ y.y •
"Dead?', inquired .the fat old lady
In a voice of mourning., ' -..'
"Yes.".7/_' , -.'*
-.."Heaven's!will be'done!' exclaimed'
But .what price "the little ' bunch o'
da.ffi.es to lay " upon 'er pore ole
grave?'.'., V,,.      '. . ,
There was an effrontery in this
proposition which aroused my indignation. - .''Here Is a woman,'' thought
I, - -"so* .vitiated by£the commercial
spirit that* she does not hesitate to
seek tor profit In the grief of a grandson."',^,       "•• i-,
"I'Jdon.t want' your beastly daffodils," Tsaid to her.
"Then what you rubbin* yer greasy
wesltit up agin my stall for?"
. "Because/ I endeavored to explain,
'because,, dont you see, ,P thought, as
it were! that I might be able, don't
you know, to buy some hollyhock
"Then what you wanter to ask for
daffodils for?" -
"I didn't ask for daffodils.    I ,
"•Brbl Wboro aro you. 'Erb?
Como round yoro. 'Brb—lonvo that
beddln' out.ffluck. Como round yoro.
Theres a littlo lyln' 'ound yoro as 'as
'arst for somothlnk!"
Seo what .happens to tho simple
country man! This sort of thing has
never beon dono to mo boforo, although I havo llvod In London for hnlf
a llfotlmo. And now, because I cliooso
to walk down Fnrrlngdon street In
riding broocheB, tlioy — woll I'll bo
"What you dono to my old aunt?"
"I hnvo dono nothing to your old
aunt,'    "
"Not so much 0' tho 'old aunt,' mo
lad I     Sny 'that lady,',,   D'Jear?"
"That lady."
"It!     Oood Job you said It quick.
Now    .{ivo    tho pore    woman    'or
"Wtat monoy?"
"Monoy what you owes 'or."
'Ilut I dont owo nny monoy,     1
haven't' bought nnythlng."
"You nln't whnt?" domnnds "Urb.
drawing vory closo 10 mo. I noto with
Intorost that he has a horrible squint,
nnd pray to hoaven Ihat ho will lilt
whoro lio Is looking. "You ain't
whnt?" roponls 'Uib, at which point
if'tho lady" Interposes.
"'Tnln't what you bought, young
man," says sho. "It's what you Nnld.
Insulted mo to tno fucol" Tho Ingen*
Ious 'Erb "arrlvod" with that prompt I
tudo which, pv<-u during our brief ac
I niinlntnnr. nliln I hnd rnmo to reene-
nlzo as tho dominant noto of his character.
"Take back," ho domnndod, with the
customary nuniaco**, "lake back what
you said to tho lady."
"It's back already. Kvll words como
homo to roost,, you know."
"What!" pursued the Insatiable 'Erb,
"whnt wns It you said to tbo lady?"
"I don't know."
"Dont know!" -echoed 'Erb. "Stand
there with yer silly faco and tell roe
aa you tloii't know! 'Ear that, aunt?'
"I 'car the ugly toad. Give 'lm a
tu.uU'k ou lh-4 IMOUtl.. Kvl_--_.Hrt".t»'** yo.
done the cosi merchant.    The littlo
was to
slip *-this and. acrost your ugly'face—
'ow'd.you be goin' on them?"
;,l,did'not really know. I
that.I did. There were policemen, of
course.!-' .But.-policemen are uncertain
remedies. Only, on the other hand,
the" situation was becoming awkward.
Quite awkwardlly awkward.
'■ "Suppose," reiterated '.Erb, "I was to
slip, this 'and acrost yer, mouth. We
would see, something "then,* -wouldn't
we?"  '   ~>7 .■- y       ■■ . .   '  ,
He was. answered from ,an 'unexpected quarter: . *
"Not if, it was straight in front of
you!" exclaimed a feminine,voice at
my, elbow."
" 'Erbert looked toward his aunt. His
object was -to obtain a view of the interloper, who stood elsewhere.
I also looked at'the interloper, and
beheld with joy an intimate .friend.
Her name was "Kitty.
That lady surveyed me with a smile
as of compassionate amusement. "You
would be tied up'.with avbunch like
this wouldn't you, young clumsey?" she
exclaimed. And then, raising her voice
above the roariof the populace, for, of
course, a crowd had.collected, sho continued: ' ' , ^ *
. " 'Eard about the Dawnkey? 'E's
in prison. ' And Alfie's gone* into the
country for a fortnight's 'ollday with
the dog's 'ome. And I've 'ad me 'and
read, and old Flashlight, the fag-end
man! ,'as broke !'is collar bone, and—
what the blessings is all this fuss?'
The culminating' sentence was addressed to,'Erb, Kitty having swung
round upon him-with' breathless j suddenness.   , That is Kitty's way. ' l l*  ,
"We don't, want a (crowd," responded 'Erb. ' "Man bin'rude to'my aunt!
You' kin pop off!" -
"Your aurtt.o that" pug-faced ' lady
with,'the 'iccups?"       ' ,    ,,
. "You pop off!" repeated 'Erb, as an
ominious whirring, sound came out,, of
auntie. '■ '       . "- *
"Because If so,' continued Kitty ('you
sling yer /ook, cully; go on—do" a
guy!") " "Because, if so, what she
wanter 'ang curtain rings on '.er years
for?:*' „. kitty's "aside" was addressed
to your servant.*
',. "My aunt," asserted 'Erb with evident choler,-" "don't sit there to be" insulted be,the likes——"
•y"Not by. any means. ' She's sitting
for' 'er * fotygraft, she is." ("You do
a slope, cully.")    " ,,      **    ' „
Auntie spoke then." *-      -■*_,
."Go away from my stall," said.  "I'll
call the perlice, you unders'and 'ussy.*
a .disturbance at my stall.* . Look .at
the crowd."-'     •„-"*.*,
' < "I'm looking at you,' responded Kitty
"You are a picture.' ;•,'*
;  "'Erb! fetch a perleeceman!" shouted auntie.      ;
\ "And," 'supplemented .CItty," "an am-
bulanco,;; too! Should I unloose yer
stays, .mum? (Git out of It, yer allly
lump.   I nlnt stoppln' 'ero much long
Thon, with both arms waving Kitty
addressed* the/populace. '"Oo," she
said, "would, think, to look at that
there, sorrowful ole crocodile, In 'or
black bonnet, that she was fat Kato
O'Brien,,tho nark? That's tho -woman'
what, dono In 'Enery Tukos as--"  ''
"It's n Hoi' asserted Koto O'Brlon.-
"I don't know, you!"
'Nover bin no 1 award put up foi
me, that's why.    I icnow you.   (This
is tha last lap, Algy!    You'op it.)   I
eyed, pudding-faced son what you call
* 11
"It's a Ho. 'E Is my nephew. An'
tho poor boy can't 'olp his facb."
"Of course 'o can't," assorted Kitty,
"but," sho added, 'Vo could cover lt
"And," sho continued; gathering ip
hor Bklrts, preparatory to departure,
113 tho holmot of a constablo nppoarod
boyond tho crowd, "and you can't 'olp
your ugliness, neother. But you can
'olp tnkln' blood monoy."
Mrs, O'Brlon, subduing hot' ovldjont
emotion with somo difficulty, looked
piously heavenward. "I can look tho
'ole world In tho faco," sho said.
•'RI' murmured'Kitty. "And glvo
It tlio 'errors!"
Tho crowd eruckod sllonlly opon,
nnd Kitty dropped away, Hut, myself. I tnrrlod for yot nnotlior second
by tho sldo of auntlo.
"I'vo got a young lady,' I said,
aflor nil. Six penn'orth of daffodllf*.
plcaso."'—Now York Cnll.
,,' ,   Joint Accounts opened in..tlie names of two
..•or more persons, each,having tlie right to with-,
.-draw   or deposit money oyer their individual
name.   In case of the demise of one of the' parties to a Joint Account the amount remaining *
to,the credit of the account in'the Home "Bank  '
may be withdrawn by the others without re- ,
course tb any process of law, or legal formality.
Head Office, Tordnto
Branches and cohiiections throughout Canada
1 JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie'
Capital   Paid   Up    .' $2,750,000
Reserve* & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets   40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton has .made
saving simple—by' eliminatin gall un-.
necessary Bank formality. '■
, An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
'an amount will act as an incentive.to
steady- saving and'will ^quickly grow
to a sum worth "While.
' .p
Head Office:
'   ^IpDate will be announced  ■
^flf later—so watch for {jt.
* ' i a 1 ' ~Y
_''--'■'        *   «
...   .     Yisiting the entire district
"    ,.     See before you buy.  Write
;     ,   " 0| me for full particulars.
; Dig' iri the ground for a
livelihood, you'll be under
soon enough! Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a competence
for old age.
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
City, well located and water
Joe Grafton
t>.   Cs.
Pro|>.__d R_.trl.tl.fl of Output
*. ' 11
ft would npponi- that llm ScoHIhIi
conl trado is face*) with ii hurluiiH
crlslB. At tho conimcnconicnt nf o
yonr prlcon gcnornlly hud fullon lo a
lovol hclow which n profltahln working of many of tho colllorlcB would
be no Innror riomlhlo <it,\r<n ilii*m
prlroH hnvo contlnu-nd to dprllno Flofiil**
Ily, ami tho ponltlon hnn now h-ioomo
nem-**, WhlUt tha doprcwlon Ih genera! -jlaouglioul Scollanil. Its offoct hnn
prolmhly heen moro sovoroly felt In
tho I^nurkuhlro dlfilrlrt tlmn H«*>-
whnii, and colliery ownom In (lio
county havo nt last telt compcll-*)'! to
action with a view to clthor finding
or mondlng tho tlluatlon. No r-wllof
cnn he obUlned hy way ot tt roduc*
Una ot w«gei, which aro nt tlm minl-
i-.v.nn rute uuder tho \itttom ann*****
ment with th« minors, nimely (l>. por
iluy. Tints puullloi. Ih mnd« nil Dm
moro Mtioxie txtctaio of pro«pertlvo
to il(>vlfllng hoiiio inoimfl far I'-jin-mly*
lug llio inipiofltiiblo Htato of trndo.
VnrloiiH HURgcfltlon-s woro illHi'imttcd,
hul, wngcfl holng flxod undor tlio ngr-oo
iiiiitit, It whh gonerully folt that the
only fonulhlo nlloi-iiiillvo wiih to hIIiiiii*
Into prlcoK hy limiting tha Hiipply.
This It wns pointed out yiuld ho done
prlalorn. If tlio formor woro to ho
pi'HMc.t Into lnw n( tlw pri'i^nt tlmo
It would uiiduiiuti-illy inoiin tlio elos*
Ing of a Imi'km iiiiuiIh'i' of llio oldor
'•olll.-i'lt'S. iik tlii'hi; could not nffonl
tlio <on(iriiioii.^ oxpondlturo Hint would
In* uiitiitl.ll upon lliom,    In  nny ciiho,
olthor hy cIoHltig ti nuiiihor of tho Ion«t tlut colllory ownom rogonl lho legls
profltubli* colllorlos, or hy curtiilllitK
tho working Iiouih gcnornlly, and bo
reducing tho output of nil the plu.
Kvonttmllv It wnn nnnnlnimi _\' rir-ri»i'il
Dint HtcpH nhotilil ho tnkon townnln
roiluclrig tho output, nnd It wim rcf-jWitti rognrtl to tho rtomurrngo quon-
mlttCMl to tho Kxucuilvo of th« Ah*o*[t|ou it Ih mntoil Hint woro tho full
tlfttlon to prepnro Mini iiihmli a tmhvnw. j chnrgcn otavtod which thw railway
lo n meeting of tho trndo to Ik> enlk.l rompnnlon nro now empowered to hunt tho eurllout po*nlblo dnto.     It wnn | r,r,«,.    t()lSrn   nrf*   tnin.i-.rr>it«   i'nfltf.r!<%.
IniIon hh fibMilutoly unrioroi.Hnry In
Hi-otlntid, wlioro lho amount of flro-
dnrnp In tho mlncii lu so Infinitesimal
111  ,)l      . 1> fi     rr.(.r, I, ..     .wr-.  .   fit -1,      .   f     «l      ,   ,
nro workofl tiv *m»l(«il or -r_pf*n llphti
nlno agreed ihnt tho )Sxcouilr_ nhould.
got Into touch with tho Aymhlr/y. Flfo,
nnd I/)thlnns ARAorlntlonn, with n
vlow to xxDxod nctlon bolnr, taken
It Ih rccognlzoO. thnl tho tlifflcitltl. *
In thn way of formulating a schomo
v-'htch, wouM Lo ttcccptftbl'i to nil par-
-tli.-*) are very great, bull It Is Rbso-
lutdy ut'L'cauaiy that uuiuclhlug uhuuUl
ho done to relievo tho prosetit state
ioadl    Cotae yero taklB' tip my i|me]lner«_«)i_l Imrdmt as thn r»eult ofjo*' depression la the trade,
wlv "Is talk about gellt and" daffodils
—Irtsnltn tno to mo faee—an' says—an'
ia)« *o do»*l htiotv. Y*l»! Ye lyta"
Utile 'oauJ. yoal" ,t  »
"Y« lyln* little otrnd." repeated 'Brb.
nnd ho rnmo closer—*tl» closer, ao
that I en|oye<! the prlvllejte 6f «har(tt«
ttm Mines mil, abould It pass into
lnw, and thn new dfimurrngo charges
xxl'nli ih9 Smith ral|wa-f« havo ro*
v.v.ivc-1 -..uwur tu liuiAWn*. Vt'UUlu H.i>
hit few days at least two meetings
of iho l-inarkihlro Oonlmnslprs' As-
*•_ fitlon tisvi* bees held, with a view
Mines Bill and Dtmurraga
The Mini* mil and the position In
u-_._ml ,i> ilfU.uu'ikKa thuktcuti wUIlU
may bo Imposed by thn Scottish railway companies aw also Borlousl}' en-
garlnt. the attention nf colliery pro-
uhoro income and <.<*-*pemlituro nro al-
ways to nearly balanced that it would
bo Impossible for (him. to meet tho
Inci't'iiMcd burden. It iu understood,
howevor, that Ihe railway companl«-ii
nro likely to make substantial modi-
fWiiiioiih lu iho chiun'-*, ntul until
the extent of these Is ac-en thfl colliery
ovrnors hnvo decide*) to take no further action. As Illustrating, however,
bow, keenl* <be*e charges aw ftlt
by thoso who use. waggons to u lnrgo
extent. It may bo mentioned that ono
of the li-tr-.** toil consomlbg industiie*
Imv. uUt-vil Uu'.-i*t*<._v«-«. under ohhi.ii.
lion to close their woiks In the twent
of tho dinriron being fully enforcoii—.
Wett l/xtblt'Si Ce»,nl«r. PS****-!?
JL    "U.
-!-5"-;*!'f"^V1*' **-"-.-."• •'•'"-s*   - ■''-*. -' -"'""*"* -'-V*, "-^i --J*.-**.'   > -----*■*' **■ r*'- r -, '; V - "' ' •foi_._"-*;   .--''
- '-, -*"• 7v" "'   ""••.*• '"*,-",     -   -,* -    '-.  ',,'•:-- '■■•- .   •.*--    *■*., / ,,-   •     V.' •.-**■ .'Ti.  7 ' -.-'-'■'' * '
'iff-   *   "        '*""*..<*-      "      '   <.„■-       '    -     '-' *      '      *.-.,, • " ; .       *.,   '    •     -"     .
r     .A?..
^     - . 7t -
- . i   - ,* ,Sr'*rt-- '■    "r-.-t**   -'-       * *. -     „".- »■,. i* vp.*, . .     *     * '- viKv-     ,,    .a     _    >
*■?,..   ■ {-' -yi^myjy{ Y^yt y {^{jiYYY'' " '-'^i^Yi-Y ;"-'
■>.k'7.i_'"      .'»■''■'■'''1  '•" "   'y"' \V7;*-"        '" 7-'7''*■*"'''      ' ' *•   '
""'":.'   --*   ,*'•>*_ •   ' *   ,f rV *}'7.'  '■*■ .     ' *"■" v "r*   *\: -."'7*'
®fyM%p\t& &&w% yy]j
.- -.-* . >-
* ^.Published every Saturday^ morning at its office,
v.    'tty   ..'■%-\' ■-"    ' \  7 ,t ; "■ -''--\r." ■*■'"■•-.-...
' Pellat'Avenue, Fernie,- B. 0, ' Subscription*. $1.00
-* per year in;;advance.""An. excellent advertising
',.   'o-    ■ . -      .  , -..    ...       '_ ■     ,.-•■• .
medium.   Largest circulation in the District. ;Ad-
J vertising rates o_ application. Up-to-date, facilities
for. the execution5 of all kinds of book, job and
•. i • * • * *' '        'i
color work.'  Mail orders receive special* attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
>   '--.,'       .' ''   '      ' " "
,/'   , J., W. BENNETT, Editor.
' "   -.  * "' ' *    -      *.        '-'-i , '
Telephone No. ,48. ", Postoffice Box No. 380
--,   JTt-,,4
TUB Senate of the U. S. having passed a Recip
' rocity agreement liy a very large'majority,
the next move on the-board is for the Canadian
, government to perform its portion of the contract
and to this end an election is necessary''which will
' take place September 21st.r **■    ■ - V.)
• Between the present time and the date specified
.  Ave "may expect the supporters of the two factions
,.■..-. i      ' -     ■•. *      *" •   ,* >
to.be quite busy tongue wagging.     The Liberals
loud in their'assertions of the magnificient advantages that; will accrue to .the people of this broad
Dominion, .while the Conservatives will be equally
vociferous on stating that it is an entering wedge
in the rupture of the relations bet-ween Canada and
the mother country and the first step towards an
nexation~by the Republic to the south of us.
• Before .going into a detailed discussion of .Re
ciprocity'from the political viewpoint let'us see
\what is the meaning of the word in its dictionary
•sense.     ■■•-•*'    . -, -.,''*-
' Webster says: "Reciprocity.   Reciprocal; obli-.
. Ngation or right: eqiial mutual benefits to,be.yielded
.or enjoyed.    Mutualaction and reaction?vr"  '*'
Here are somejlefinitions that are riot found in
the dictionary, but will/ we think be\equally; clear
•■ to many of oui* readers,:   "Scratch, liy-'back and
. I'll scratch thine." * "One Good .turn;deserves..an
'other." "A fair exchange is/no robbery.}'"'' Six -of
"one and.half-a-dozen of the. other.-'*>\"      ■- .77
- Viewing Reciprocity from its 'political' aspect
There will be "free trade in wheat and other grains;
dairy products,'fresh fruit' and   vegetables;, .fish
'"of all * kinds'; ^eggs and poultry; cattle) ^sheep' and
■■ other-live ahimals*; .tinplate* barb wire fencing". ,.   .,
" J: Printing "paper will be free provided therestric-
' tions on wood pulp are removed.
■■-.   There will be a reduction of-rates on'canned
* ,ineats, bacon, hams, lard, canned vegetables, flour,
ploughs, harvesters, threshing machines, sanitary
fixturcs,etc.   Coal reduced to 45 cents a ton arid
•.cement to lie pcr'100 lbs.
Tho abpvo is only a partial   list-of the articles
,'   As in Canada the agricultural interests predominate, over, tlio manufacturing, wo reach this con-
• clusiori Ihnt the Liberal parly will lie returned to
vpower-without any appreciable difference, except
•^'that they may, gain a„fow seats.   ■, Not only the
'■'farming communities, speaking, gonorally, will sup-
■ port tho pact, but wo, may' likowiso expect tho
'Western coal corporation's to uphold it.    "At tlio
present jimcthe bulk of tho coal from,Vancouver's
Island finds a market in tho United StiileH, hence
.with tho tariff lowered it is snfo to assume thnt
'it still vwidor field will bo opened up.   A similar
t*tiit,o of-nffnirn is equally applicable to this Crow's
Nest Pass region.    Not only that tho diffevenco in
tho tariff on coko will enable tho Canadian, com*;
panics,to sell their product to American smelters
that at proHont aro unable to purchase   '
^ Tn some districts where tlio Federal representative is on the opposition benches lmt tho community
is largely inlormtod in Reciprocity, because oiiits
material  inlm-osls, Ihoro will  bo a botweon-thc-
Btools ptmit'ion, this is notably the ease with John
Ilerron, who if obedient io tho party, call rather
than Ihnt of the voico of lho conslituowlH, will find
lifniHolf oloolfid to romnin ut homo.   Thoro will
bo similar instances of this clinniolor, but rovowil
whom a Lllionil U tlin lnonthor for a consliluoncy
whoro Iho inainifnetnring element is predominant.
i Tho Hlntomont mndo by James J. Hill, tho rail,
road mnuiifito, thai ns hooii ns tlio iiirroowcnt bornli-
find ho will ineronsc his rnllrond tniekntro in Cnnndn, nnd Hint plans Ihnt hnvo boon under wny for
some time pant will bo pushed with nil possible
vigor, is proof posit ivo thnt bn knows full Well
whoro his ninlorinl interests lio ns like n sonsiblfl
mim he follows tho policy of another shining li^ht
of bv-ionno flfivs in tlir« v«ii1vi_fl ivnvl . T'l*** T **!r\nM
who -mnd*. 'Tn n l-toj-.-.-ibUcnn 'i-rnio T nrn n Ttpj-..b.5-
on'n, in n Domoorntif ntnlo 1 am a Deniocrnt, but
first, last nnd nil tim. I'm for thc Erie Rail way."
The potty nuostion oi a political strife did not
botltor Into. whor**i*n lio sltmvoil rnuob iviailfun am]
it would ho well for ninny others if insttutd of
allowing ^iciiihoIvoh to puff up about, tho great
benefits nocruinp to somebody else thoy would nsk
themselves tho vory pertinent quest ion—How will
it affect mot "        .
'Die manufacturers of those articles of commcroo
wbiii-h him* boon prov-pptod from importation nnd
thereby entering into competition with their wares,
me in the lowering of the tariff n mormon to thoir
solar plexus—viz., PROFITS,, and will consistently
oppose the rce.iprocity pact, timl through their vari*
ou*» monllipiooom th<t pross unfl the CnTinerratht*
politician, will clamor in strident tones about sever-
ing the'.ties,with the Empire, disruption and sundry*
'.*■.-''     -  *    *.    ..."    ',t  *, '.}*:«
hypopritical word iriong .ring, -while'th'e rea,l source
.their anxiety,lies in the faet-ithat'Jit.Js 'theirtown
■exchequer_thatWill bVaffected?\^-*^->  <-,- y.'.'y
■ "Both1 parties, when they come^before'*.he. elec-
torate solicitous foi* votes, will use their everlasting
».-."''   -•''*,  *"-l ■•'■i ■""    '',*'-
sophisms about benefits to the working class, where-
as thijir real, desire is* the securing, themselves .in'
their political'jobs);*, '-*,**.'-.'}- ,:■-'■■' '{.-!■'} ''7-'';J
Decrease in the'.cost;of living will be insistently
dilated upon, as aea1;cli penny tactics, yet a little
more than-.a-.curs'ory,-*o_sideration should,.plainty
show tbat if.it were so Then why >is .it1 that in>the
,'-,.,. >..._   * ,,- ■  .   * .  ,T
cduritrios where the cost ot living is decidedly less
",-•>.      .* i        •  '_  ■
than that what obtains -in ■ Canada the working
class is not a whit betv.r.off even if as well off as
they are in* this, country. •,, ■ •-• ^' , " ■ ■'*
f We, do not even have to go out of Canada for au
illustration. . Take the wages paid in the East
and compare thein with those in the West and when
an explanation be "asked at once the reply is forthcoming : Because it costs less to live in the East;
When representatives of an organization are asking for an increase in the wage scale we find that
it is divided'-lnto zones, for instance, railroad * eni*
ployees working in districts where the''cost of
living is higher-than at other points the'rate is
affected accordingly. "Of course,' this does not
apply Xo dividends, they are the same, whether the
shareholder lives in Canada or Constantinople. f..
The .wage earner, speaking generally, * receives
for. his labors practically what it costs to keep
him on an average and with the objective of, preventing a lowering of his standard of living he,is
constantly fighting for a higher, nominal wage.,,
The man who works for a daily wage will riot receive any permanent'1 benefit regardless of whether
Reciprocity passes or riot. He may .derive some
slight • advantages while in the course of readjust
ment, but so small that-it will .need a magnifying
glass to, discover therii. '•    7*-"   '
-The patriotic (!) buncombe about the Americans
gathering the people .of Canada under their- wing
does not affright the .working class, because even
now large volumes of capital from the U. S. are
invested in this country. Take the. lumber industry as an. example and we find that Weyerhauser
and hip 'associates, are great holders' of B. C. timber:
The coal lands in,this immediate neighborhood are
controlled by American capital. • The halibut fish-
eries'-.of-.-jthe. coast are monopolized- by. the New
England Pish.Co.* of Boston.
,: Totthe,working class it matters not whether his
employer is an Englishman,_ a,Canadian, an.Ameri-
'carior*a_y other nationality,.he is exploited by the
There is no patriotism, iri a bill of exchange.
-■ Trade.will follow the lines of least resistance, and
if ari individual can buy an article from one store
cheaper than' from: another,• comriion;,f=iense. dictates
to him' whom to patronize without taking any heed
of what particular piece of earth the.man from
whom lie buys perchanced to be born.
'* Such being the/case with one.man, and it is quite
natural, where is ,the logic of expecting that the-'
multitude will not follow a like course?
Statistics will be brought forward by each party
to provo the' truth' of their contentions, but after
all has been uttered on the'subject neither ono nor
the other representative, whether Libral,or Consor-
vativo, will have anything to,offer that will nid the
producing class in advancing one stop henrer tho
"acquisition of the full social value of tlieir product
and nothing less than this will over satisfy us. To
reach this consummation we must, go through the
intervening stnges, eaoh succeeding one proving to
an ovor increasing number that the solution to the
problem, lies not in Free Trade, Protection, Reciprocity or nny of the quack nostrums advocated by the
owning clnss, but in thc determination by those
who do tho useful work of tho world owning themselves .and ns thoy cannot do so, so long as tho
means of production, and destruction are privately
owned, that they must be possessed collectively.
•npIIE action of tho government in taking tlio
* duty off coal temporarily will) no doubt, moot
with tho npprovnl of the consumers of this commodity who foni _d that as a rosult of tho minoworkors
deciding not to go to work they might freeze to
donth during tho coming winter, nnd as thoy aro
tho grent majority of the public (I) probably this,
together with tho philanthropic action of tho 0.
P, R. in reducing tho freight rato so considerably,
mny rosolvo the fight into a struggle between tho
operators nnd tho minoworkors with tho "much
talked about third parly practically eliminated,
and so sympathy with or opposition to tho real contestants boeomn a strict neutrality.
This jnny roliovo tho situation icinpWnrily but
us an ndoqnate solution to Ihose oonfliots between
tho conl owners nud tho conl minors, lis woll ns to
the other industries, will be no more effective than
M'rtnl.l ht* nt! fittoiiin*)* to lndlo mil tbe Pfl-_tfln Ocoon
with n ton«poou. '■
Tip to the beginning oftho l.th century ocono-
misis feared thnt ns thc rate of production, wns
not keeping pneo with the increase of population
it would bo nocMKnry to ndopt pnrno rnoniin nf
limiting procreation of tho humnn species, but today so grent has bocomo tho progress mado through
tho use of monhanienl npplionnces that we aro confronted with millions ou the ergo of starvation ns
a result, of over-production, nnd in order to prcyont
the price of foodstuffs reaching so low a prico as
to lonvo no margin of profit oottori, nHin-jo-** nnd
other articles of commerce nro destroyed.
Rverj' individual is said to bo insane in n greater
or lessor degree, hut futuro historians when looking bnck will calmly nnd sincerely aver that pro
sont day sooioty must havo boon ini»«nf» on bloc fo
allow such a state of affairs to prevail.
, I"*.        '- R%.  -     -    1  _..-,?-? ' -    ■¥  ,
-\,     -     *0   «_.     j.-.. ■    i-.i**-,   v _       -
m imoMmmm^ban__
-.:-■. ••y,
-i?u" ry?scyr jr-yyl-.y-
'-- ", :.<
,,*■*-.■*!•- .    ;•
'•*.'''' _.y
r. . -v.'-' SlR:EDMUNb\WALKER,7C.v;o.i_LD.", D.C;_.yPinau_kifr-7.„'-'.*->U't^i
:;Jr, J-y, .; '7alEX^DER-_AIRD^GeneralWma6er^;.~ 'jyti^yi _;; l-7-*-7?
'      '"     " '      , ** "-     ;*>-      '•■'"-•     *     '  -*'    .   N   '*"•'- ■»'-'*    *-■'    "*--.,     'j.'    ■"''if.'.-'    ,-7,     -',     >'**>'.'.■*-' ''*'.*•.    > '7"' V    '.,*'■* i
CAPITAU> *. $ 10,000,000:7:
rest;.- $7,000,000:
of The Canadian Bank of !Comriierce will- receive deposits \of $i* uad.-y, .-7 ,'
•"upwards, on.which interest is allowed "at:"curreat\rates.^ Tbefe^is "oo{p\ .-'_'>."
"delay in withdt;awirig.the"wh6le;6rfany:porfioa-'rf -;."
deposits'are welcomed. 5i ~?.\., v' •'., ;. .;■*>'"-*; ;y-y>'-U yy? ':-. '•■ '* -Y^r W4"-» "*' •..
Jr j ■ Accounts may be opened in the.names pf two'or more persons; to be   7 ^
.-'operated by any one ofthe'nuinber 6. by .the surnyprrvA joint account •   :\y
i of this kind saves expeose in establishing-the 'o*wnership; of the money    ; * ;'
after:death, and is especially.usefulwheri-a man'-d*wir«/to}provide for , i. •/, j.
his wife, or for others ''depending upon him, in the .event of his death.;., "k    '"  "
FERNIE.BRANCH,..    v -    7    '-'.Y'J    -    -L. A7S..DACK,;.Manager.
Uncle 'Sam: * "You, Just drive up the cows,, Wllfy; me and little
'Willie will-do" the milking for you."    " * 7 . ■_:,. , ,, ', 7
J .
It is one of tie most definitely ascertained facts yptt politico-economic
science that'1 wages .are determined by
the cost ofi living... *
- One/needs' but cast a briejf glance
around the world to.see that the,"cost
of living "and wages in every, country
are nicely, and apparently automatically adjusted -to: each other.    .
In", Alaska'a-man earns ten dollars
a day .and pay." fabulous prices for
food and lodging."* In China a worker gets four' cents a day and lives on
a handful of rice;-;- * ' -
Between these'1 two' other countries
are'graded'every.-difference in wages
being, accompanied" by. precisely proportioned modification in the cost of
living: *■ ^•'•pir''mib'i:**i ■-
" And'.thi.".",c[iie*ftlo_^df high" tariff- Ox-
-Inm-ta^lf f. _^ *.'_»_ ____•_! ««..__ «_T>_i -__!_. ___^-_^'t_a
w..-r_.,*____,-.-v._— li\r-_oiui,- ttO~J_.n 5t_ril_aiu-
ln'corigresrthebther day, has'no fiiore
to do withit'thatt 'flowers that bloom
in i the. spring.-'*"*' -•*■" .*.      *,  '■ '-  -.,'
We1' have'' lea'rbed'' lately, howe-^er,
that there ls-a.Iafrge and ever-growinj;
portion of the,working class for whom
thls/'law'of'lwages" does not hold.-
'These are .the* girl- and women workers who. have Invaded the, industrial
world.    '■ .:.  ,   >,■■*,'., '
The:obvious.and 'unanswerable reason, why. a workingman receives and
must, receive tlio, full' cost of living
in his wages Is that*there ls no'other
possible contributory source,
He must hao it ,in his wages In order
to work, and he must , work or his
master, would grow poor.
The wages of vyomen aro much lower'than tho wages,of men,    "
Jt has long been customary 'to explain, thls'differonco by assorting that
women can llvo on-less. A man must
have largo steaks, a. woman can live
on dry tonst and. ten,    .
It was even argued "that women's
clothes cost less, though, probably
nobody ovor really believed It.
Tlio answer must be sought elsewhere. And when tho real nnswor
Is found It constitutes a damning In-
dlctment ot modorn civilization.
Horo is tho answer: If a womnn
does not receive the cost of hor living
in lipr wagos siio may avail herself
of n, aourco of Incomo not open to a
^Mnny of the occupations flooded by
women, especially department stotos,
havo,,their wago rates, .moro or less
unconsclouoly, bnsod on tlio recognition of this principle.
How offoctlvoly this prlnolplo operates ono mny-jutlgo by llio follow-
Ing passngo from tho uiifliipproBsod
pnrt of tlio roport of tho vice commts-
sion, <<
"A mnnngor of n department In this
store  (storo  not nnmed) ■ wlio hnd
charge of ten girls said he knewsthat
seven of them went to -houses of
prostitution "on certain-nights ofthe
week to earn extra money."   :; .
If it be argued that th'ls ls contrary
to reason* and that girls who must be
prostitutes part of the time would enter the 'profession wholly'to escape
their Ill-requited labors in' the * stores,
the answer is that this Ib precisely
what-happens. * ■*- ', "      '\ •-■■'
This only makes' the case' more
grave.-" "It proves that there is a vast
number of-ill-paid girls constantly in
the-transitional* process. '''
.Low wages that"feed "helpless girls
to the brothels and untold milllorV left
to new-born babes are the complementary fruit of the department store°sys-
tem. yy- ■',    -l{y "   l\Vi -  V*.;
And" the department' store is-"only,
typicaL'of our:whole civilization.and
Its treatment'of our-women.     7   7
Whoever is content with such a finely adjusted* social* hell "should 'be ashamed to look a woman'-ln" the face.—.
Chicago' Socialist."-, ''•'"* * - V ' *\'-'   ''
What mr'moore
• t>f(i'  -.ii-
He Neyer'Stated' That' the Supplies
'   Were Cut Off From the Miners    ■
Louis Moores explanation of the interview in the Herald about the etrllco
Is as follows: He was7at'a football
match and was sitting near the manager of P. Burns Co,,' who happened
to ask him why there were no orders
for supplles-tbls week, and he replied
"Thore are no orders ln this week,"
The reporter was sitting closo by, and
Mr. Moore says his Imagination got to
work and made out that supplies wore
cut out altogether. * He did not say
that the men were tired of being out
of work and , wore prepared ■ to go
back to work.- Tho minors knew tho
Hem was ..wrong, nnd that ho hnd
been misquoted, becnuHO he had an
pounced at a meeting ot tho'minora
en Tuosdny that supplies would bo
given out.—Lethbridge Hern Id.
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Flnt clan Hones for Sale.    |
„    ■    .        ('
Buyi Monei on Commlslen    (,
Georgo Barton Phono 78 I
G. N. Railway
W, m*. <\ -*ni et 0% 1   '* I_J rs4mm* ***+*-% \
Fares to ' Frisco
Ammut lntpr. Typogmphical Union Aug. 14-1 Oth
Fraternal Ortlor of Eaglon, Ang. 21-28tli
Return fare frotii Fernie $52.45
or $53.30 according to routo—-22 routes
• . Childron 0 tq 12 years -J* faro
Selling dates Aug. 0,10,17,18.  Final ruluvi. Sep. 15
■   ■        -■*  11
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 '   P. 0. Box 305
SpeeUI Settttiaf rate Pemle te Elko, Wc, ireed tetattdng Monday
>.' <?7:
; AlrtSgfhts, Coal: Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and \'vf.
i{ . /"/i"" r'"'{ Wood Burners   7    _ _;'";;;'■';.
Ranges and Cook Stoves
Y*. ?^MYMNEW& CO., iELKO ^"
And Nothing bat thb Best In;Freeh
and . - Smoked Meats, Freih and
Smoked:Fish, Dairy.Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., g;o to
THE   _.*   MARKET  Ca
'■ ■•     *. ,'■
".■-, 'ir'i'J     PHONE 41. •
SAM GRAHAM, Martagsr*'
,-"I ■':'.,
■r 'y}. /7;7!,,,*.; ,; ,-•;■: ..}'.   '  7.7;.'   ..;  '■"J"'"' )"-.
-,. ■-..., "*._.'. , fi.""' \r.'. ■- r. ~   '
■">; "-v*
V    !_.'   ,rt J\(c    <«     <-.
Money rto,, Loah on first class Busi
nfessEiSd Residential property   3
Electric Lighted ,   ' '  .' .'     8team Heated
,     "''' "\•''' * ^'CENTRALLY LOCATED; '--y-;'   '    {'
The Waidorf Hotel
■ "'■■- ,*:**FERJSriEi-B.1C;'.':;.7, ,;
First Class Accommbdeition for Travellers
1    'MR8. 8, JENNINQ8, PROPRIETRE88-'','*   "
Hot and Cold Water' '     "   • -,'•-. A..Mille, ManUger'
Food Chopperis
90c to ,$3.50
J. D. Quail
TTHE "Universal','   Food
Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetable*—
raw or cooked
* ---as coarse
or fine as
with the
otthe  ,
knife and
Buy the genuine "Universal."
-L and pfood business
stationery to advertising-,;
, it's not so much tho tasto
of tho man produoin* thb,
.mattor, as the consideration of what will appoal
to tho people ho doolrco
to mefo."-8till, you yourself will find a keen,■ personal satisfaction In using
good paper and printing.
May we ihow you sampiei >
; - _ V- ^ *-**;>:i^ .
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7-   ♦; 7,7COAL':CREEK:BY'174.. -,. ♦
y-'"!±*   *.--:   *   '-.:   •*,__;.■ _.'7 ■"■"-'■ "♦
j; "7. *■; .,♦. ♦;♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.'♦' * 1*., ♦.!♦ ^ <►
)-i'^"_; lv-4-Las'.Friday evening-''the first'*public
ji7     -whist'drive was held^ in-'the club -Hall,
■^y  "rtwenty-four couples,!taking the.tables
•'   t: '7,for'"the*start.-' There was"lots of fun
" -_.;. 7 and merriment among the many con-*
.... ,.n   testants -as .they moved "from table to
7'  v.^tab^*,, „In  all'twelve, games  were
..>-* 7-v piayed'aroundl> and the following were
ry,y*7declared prize''winners:*- Ladies'—lst,
y-J .   MrsLCrabb^DSjiG-ents—1st, John Lang
^ - - ..don; 90 points;^-Booby—Maud4Tyson.
-'    •    y .1 After the "drive tne floor -Was cleared
7 ""     ?.and" dancing "was, indulged iin till,* the
y *- " .wee sma" hours.   ;Charles Percy was"
y J    *,4in accomplished accompanist all;the
7,   ""''^vening.'.* " 7 "•"■   '■'*"_.''.^ 7 ,£**_'■
■';-.' ^ 7'Lily Tyson had«"'t_e'^*misfftrtune.t6
"'.'.■cut the. top'of her-left thumb, off
;'. -y while playing with "an. axe and a,piece
' ',',of wood^ony.&cnday.   '.*.",..„-.,-,?  7
'. '*- a ' Mr.'• Ed.' Powell' was- able to leave
;-  -^ the'hospital last.week and.Is now rest-
;,7.7*l'ing at homei-   ;His** leg Ib-**mending
-?*,"-' .-splendidly;1-. .*.,"",- 'A. -»,^_■'•'.,*"',,.'.' ."^*i',:>."
',..;, Mr. James Langdon,  accompanied
. •,   ' by Mr. A. B."* TrlteB,' was ."visiting the
""* ' .coal!vp.ropo'^y-up;ith^:|i:ik^yaUpj' this
*  , ..week.,' .''   _, •    _,*; V"'   ''■■'"•'?
;>', '   Alex McFegan'arrived Jn campjjast
'. . ^Friday. ,buji',l^t}_^ai^'paf.W<^neB^ay'
,    'morning for Nelson." ""    •   J   .7
J y The Rev. J. H. White, D.D., super;
*" 7;j:-Jin'tendent^of, Methodist-- .Missions5, for
'\:7'B. C„ paid\a,Bh"ort v|sit.,up here on
' •'", jflaturday'v* last v to * meet' ;the trustees'
7 ' Vof the church up)here/'-:-He..travelled
,\    .-up Tiere by motor car.;     ■ > , T „ -\' '.
7* 7   The schools have  .been   receiving
their summer clearing and kalsomin-
. ;ilng ready-for whep;**"the 'Vticatlpn; la
■*.'.'{owr.ii;-" \?-.-***. ■-•   ?'-*"-f-"-1' 2*''H'j??vs
"   .'•.   The "Male Voice party received a
-■'-, "'large consignment'of the new music
"'this week'*' arid'-practices'*will*'now: go
• \ ahead^wlth^a;*swlng for; the_ concerts
, 'In tHe _uture7.. 7,"" ;.'    7"/       ""'*•_■
. -t'r .'. District Board Member J...E. Smith
) :  left here, on Wednesday;.morning ,to
' attend "meetings at''''Hosmer,1'-Michel
,"" ' and'CofbIn_v/']*"*>".-" *:: r.'y' ' '„""-■'-"
- - j   • Rod  McKenzie.and  Joe Mohnetta
::'.   are*-at present rusticating/ down *; at
.71 Krag.the/"gkiest of."Mrs'.^Palme*.; 7l-'■>*;
•-*;*-- The '• player -of' practical --"Jokes ■*' cer-
': 7*\tainly;went a good deal too far when
-' '*  7_,theywti>ok_the-horss-and—buggy—away
>7 from" the club on'Tufesjaay-- eye.nlng,
... -and no doubt the, lesson "the culprits
__,■■ received will ge a r»emined for. other
.    !' would-be jokers.   ,-',      ','  ■
"-", l'K.., Mrs..(James Dawson,; and^ i^er  two
X  daughters were spending a'few day*
.."' j*  down at .Hillcrest - .with -.rle'n'ds. this
tx > -week.'. »-.' '    V'',.."' 'H/** ; - ' J
'-    Mr;-J. W. 'Bennett, of-the'District
TLedger.^w'nr'up here on Wednesday
•with.hia son.to.wh'om.he.was showing
{1 tho .beauties(?) together"with the hugo
•machinery of'the C.N.P. * Coal'   Co.
which Is at; present busy—resting.
.; .The camp! was practically deserted
■•.•"on Tuesiday flying'to'the mass meet-
' ' 1ng bolng" hold at Fernie .proving a
groat drawing'card. ■  .<   ■
Mr. nnd Mrs, Ben Barnes and son
1, aro at present spending, a-' short vaca-
.."tion at Cranbrook.'
Tom Brown, of Corbin, was renew-'
,, Ing old acquaintances up here on Mon-
* day-   . ','  :
for -Fer*qle,\wlierertti^y.' Intend to reside for; the rfuture". 7,!TheIr-.-.\many
friends wish thenireyeryvsuccess^in
their neWihome, 'y 'y''\,yy-■"■>*.; ? /,.- -'
'., Mr. Joseph;Smit_,'whilst-.'flshirig up
,the JElk - Rivef;' Sunday,''-had - the'good
luck'to "capture aVbull.rout,-weighing
B;-p)s:/:yjyJ' 'y:yr\' :Y"';. '-
-' Mr." Peife'^ZoratUivofs thW;A,Venetia*
Hoteirhad, his cub: bear stolen"»Tues-
day morning, -We've heard* of chicken stealing, but this, is'a new "one for
Michel - '-_••;* -yJlY-'i-r {-- ■:
' Michel journeyed .to Bellevue Saturday, to play' thelV"li*st'l*kgue7match.
After a hard struggle, the' "game ended
in. . &**-iYi Y-y'Y '!Y - Y
The Bellevue. team .were anxious, to
escape defeat as'.they..were in good
standing * for'* the-*lek'gue.' , ', . ■ •' ■
A win for Michel would have made
them sure winners in the_eague competitioner ' Michel did not have Its. full
team, and the result:was' most grati-
fylng'.iey*eryrjra'y.'*y'-') f'-*.:."*';""'-'""i ''.:
, JBellevue supporters Bay that.'>the
match-proved to.begone.ot the hard-
esVaitfJ fastesi^ i^m^ witnessed;.-oh
their ground ,''tUs.''"BeVsoh. " Scoro:
Michel; "OivBelleviier 0.V 'Mrr.JameB
McLean;' of Coleman, officiated as ro
^^yi^y^y y, *.«.,,-._ ,
, -Tiei following is the standing of .the
teams "in* the _8agit'e:'v
'•'■■•*;"-' "'*^ piyd^w;
Michel .'...*A..8  '" 5"
Bellevue, v.,
Coal "Creek.
Coleman V."
. L..,
D. ;.P.-
. 3  • ,7
1','"  3
.-0 *;.*-,'2
• Mrebel's nexUmatch. will be onjiAu-
gust 19tb' In Michel'for.the*Muif jbup,
when Coal'Creek will be,the vlaitorn.
....LA  baseball.. match,*;.*^vas. played;v on
Sjii-nday between NT*^?. Mlihel   \_ilte
Socks and Old Michel Tigers.     The
game resulted .In, favor, of Old Michel
.ey.en, .though New. Michel had their, best
nine in the field:      ' ■ .' -.-y
Tigers*-.;:v.'.7.:7..vr-TOoi 010 001 '3
White;SockBj.;A.l...^ .000 00.1 010*' 2
," Old Michel has still°gotfa'clalm;on
the baseball suits. ' -y [
At a masB.meeting of Michel Local
Union*held Wednesday night a motion
was passed unanimously':that, ttie report of*; Dr.1 Gordon ;_ffpuld not be con-
side'red'i^sj^a: J>asls:.Vr ;maklng 'a new
agreement,- and the local also refus-
bodied; in the DIstrlct>Executive Re-
♦ ♦♦;♦"♦♦"♦♦;♦
♦ " *    CANMORE   NOTE8"1
♦ J'-,    .  "Maple Leaf" ".
♦\- ■■■>   'OSfy*\-".:ti!
-♦ ♦ + + ^ ♦ ^ + + + + + +
♦ -By "Krlmea." ♦
*♦*♦♦♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ +> ♦ ♦ ♦
- Mr., Richnrd Board while ' hauling
-Qomo loffBjfor building purposes on his
ranch lind, tho misfortune to cripple
his loft hand In a bad manner,, ho
was nbout to faston tho chain around
-a log nnd had bis hand undernoath It
whon the horao started to go, drawing
his hand ngalnst a snag nnd tearing
lt In a frightful shapo, Ho was taken
to town by Mr, Wm. Branch, whoro lio
wns nttondod to liy Dr. Woldon.
J.'Ferguson whilst going homo last
Snturdny night had tho mlsfortuno to
run Into a Btump which Ko took to bo
ono of tho Ilollovuo defence. Howovor, nflor trying all ho know lo
' bronk tho lino of dofonco, finally gave
In with a slight coloring 6t Uio loft
\V, J. Mnitoy wan In town Sundny
vIhIIIiik IiIh frlondB. UIU says thnt
thoro ta no placo llko Coal Crook.
1 Quito 'h numbor journoyod. up to
Crows Nost to boo tho sports Thursday
last, but wero disappointed, ns—no
aporta woro hold!
iCIgnroiUo Joo wns moro unfortunnto
tlmn tho rout of thom ns hu had to
boat his way hack. When the train
nrrlvod at Mo0lllIvray Joo was the re*
coipioni 01 h bucket of wator from tlio
lliiiiiHiii, Mid {a hvUlut, aU.Ml a iui
cut his hand. Joo nays no more boating itor mine.'
An Italian by Uio namo of Sum Vota
, mot with' a serious nccldont whIUt
..Auiilil.    A'ii.U*    'A'll't,')     itMU.    iUV)    Xli)\)b(
homo, lie wat lifting tho car on tho
track.1 which had Jumped, when (he
horse started, and In somo manner
I*, oko ihls nock. Ho. Hos In tho ho*i>!
tal ftr.il Ic not oxp-jctod to live lens. -
Th*** unforttinn-fff man hna a'wlfo nnrt
iftiully In thli country/
Thos. f». llnrrlnii, A. fl. Julian and
Maurice Burtl! aro comralssloner* for
taking affldftvlti. All tbOM who aro
not. on the Provincial Votera'. Lilt
should m« thom ai tK»y will gladly
have any perron wbo i**.liable put
Mr and Mra. Stewart and family
♦ J* ♦^ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,♦■!•►> ♦ ♦
Tho members- of the Odd -,Fellows
Lodge, held a ."social".1.laBt -Friday. *
1 Card game's, Hook up the flrBt part
of the evening, tho names 6f the prize
winners being: Ladlos'—lst, Mrs.J.*
Coleman; Gents'—1st, Mr. C. P. Johnson; Booby, Prize: Miss Eleanor Evans
and .rfr. T.; Alkraan. J*
Refreshments' wore sorved ,b'y
Messrs. J S Wright (N 0), A J McKinnon,' J Smith, W H Evans and IX
Hunter. '-.'.■ 1     •
■• * Tho. latter, portion of lhe evening
was filled ln with songfl and Tommy
Alkman's grnmaphonc also rondorod
good sorvlco, '*■ '' •'
.. Tho Rev A Walkor gave a short address regarding'a Robcknh* Lodgo, and
tho ladles present were unanimously
ln favor'of samo. <■•«■.
"W.' F. Littlo haB Just, returned io
'  Oiir old frlond,, Bill Callondor, Is
down with nn attack.of pleurisy,   '
Tho mlno compiiny,'aro sinking tho
wator pipes doop onough In tho ground
to escapo tho froBt,' A supply of
good wntor lii tho wlntor will bo-great
ly welcomed.
Football nnd basobnll Boom dond In
Canmoro this season.. Tho only ball
gamo soon ls>nn occnsloiml round of
golf. -     •
Gnmo Warden .Trick Hogarth Is back
again from tho lalcos nnd roportit tho
fishing business flourlahlng.        ''
No Intrepid fluhor of tlio Bow hns
boon found In poRwosslon of moro than
tho proscribed numbor of flull by the
parte regulation!!. Fow obtain any
fiRli nt all
Tho Rov, Mr. Olnxton Is cnmplng
lu town nnd Inlands stnylng a* couplo
of wook-s.
♦ ♦*♦'♦-'■♦■.♦ ♦ ♦•♦;♦'.,-*• ♦■♦
'♦ "' 7 . ' ',"-v.' y rrir^'Y^
♦ • • '■' •' By^"Troutbeck v'-f-"y--. V'
'♦ •'.■'_■.-.*. "-.-'" -•/../-v.-'•..'?.'>'
♦ '*♦ '♦ ♦-♦■♦ ♦ ♦ ♦"^^'♦■•♦*
£.--'   ',' "-. -•'"      ' .- , ; ?"''.*'.-- '• ,,l*n-fi'*
On-Thursday,* 1500, people;:journeyed
by special train to Crows *#est~from
Lethbridge to spend the "day. f; Every
body7reported'^having ^a..r good .time.
The genial,"A'' G7 is''right/thfere; with
tlie goods when, it comes to' picnics.
Dave Eckersley was" inthe front'line
wltli the .tickets," of course. > He had
to do a tot of peddling from* the chair,
at which tie is,a star turn.'y}\■*   -
The Summit Hotel" Orchestra;played
lively -music "during ,the day,7asslsted
by H: Bell,'.of. Corbin,    ".-.': r".7".
AQuite ,a, few people, from. Michel,
Fernie,  and-'.Coleman'..were • hereyto
swell'.tlie bunQti.'"..['.'.'*■ '-y-{ i.,7\>': 2
Mrs. .H.' Streitliorst,-;*MrB; J/_Ch"am-
-bers t. accompanied -Vy ^Nat .Evans' * and
■Fire -.Warden, Hannlson,' werVj'.heret
from Corbin._';..We,.hopVto';have."an-
other good)time soon.*.,* ..;''._»,"; 'yj'
The orchestra"' proyided'-music ■ for,
the dances'.afternoon'and evening!.. v>
Mrs. Montalbetti was here for.Vfew
days ..from: Frank.    -, yrju v*~ 'T
Fred Selour, the Crows Nest barber,
is'very- busy ;ttiese:(days, and'anyone
requiring; a good shave   or .haircut
should come and1 see Fred, who can
do it right, to say nothing of the beautiful-stories he peddles during the
time you.,are i_Tthe! chair.
Mrs. A Good returned on Wednesday
evening, after. a few .days' vacation.
0 Teddy the Bear got. loose on Wednes
day morning, and at tie time of writing Is still...viewing the surrounding
country.'- He .made aL. good start by
having a "feed of two tame rabbits.,
...Miss-; Ethel Kent, of, Fernie, was
here visiting.her sister for, a few days
and assisting the hotel; staff. .. ...
■Miss.Ruth Spruston-was here'visiting Miss M. Law and assisting'.In the
work." 7 ; 7.   , , .. . ,-.,    _ V,
Mr and .Mrs.;J, Pigeon and company
returned .from .the .Flathead .Country
oil" Monday and reported having a good
trip.' *:"   ■,   ''.,    '.',' '7
, OnSunday, August. 6th, Rev. Hamill
will conduct service .at" 8 o'clock In
the big tent, weather,,permitting.   '
. F. C. .Patterson/|eft,'bn -Wednesday,
months' trip.,. 7/'.   ,   ,.  ,'}...-'      *
- Hugh Fletcher, assisted'by. his brother Archie, .did,. a. good business • on
Thursday,  but he .says1.'he.' .went! in
the hole, but we can't believe that.,
Mrs, G. McQuinn. conducted, a. ,bQ.pth,
and , reports-having'had "a good day
from tlie financial point. ■
Tlie Crows ] Nest Orchestra .Intends
visiting Corbln/onThursday, Aug. 3rd,
tb give the Corbin people "some of their
Andy.. Good's goats are on the. Increase,'another one-arriving this week.
J. Boynes, of Blairmore, Is here on
ttie bar Btaff.     Jack Is a good man
bohlnd the bar.
Dan Haloy, of Lethbridge, returned'
on Sunday evening, nftor having spent
a good"tlmo, In Crow's Nest.
Mr. G. McQuinn, of Lothbrldgo, was
hero on Wednesday nnd roturned homo
on Mondny morning,'1 His wlfo and
family will leave on Monday, August
7th for Lothbrldgo';
Mib, Low, of Coloman, was a guest
of Mr. and Mrs,-Good's ln»l wook.
Bon' Sllvor is tho shopherd In chargo
of th'o goats, and they aro very at-
tenllvfi to* him, ' '     1    ' '
{ Mrs.* Ross," of JFernie,,is .visiting;her
friend Mrs. Cole.*;. ■_   * J \  . .<."_' }''J ,
.Mrs. Kersha'jy'and her little''granddaughter,-from Fort SteeleV'are;bn a
.visit to- Mrs. Rogers. "■ .' :.7r" >y -,-
-Mrs. Brownrigg' returned .home from
Crawford Bay where she„says"that she
spent.a most enjoyable'*months' outing. '.- -,.'-y-, ,'.,., ' ,-'':**'.".'    .'
A political'party'is-simply,, tha ex-
pression — the political, expression —
of economic conditions
Tho economic conditions of the work
ing class are. entirely ^different, from
tho economic conditions of the middle
class, or from the economic conditions
of- the capitallst^class. ,
.. The trade unions are the expression
of ttie working, class on the economic
.field. ■ .. ■ ;.■_;_,'-.*-\, ;
.'-''Under,no clrcuraatahces'*would..we
accept a member, of the middle clans
r-r of tlie'merchant'and professional
class ~ into pur-.ttade,unions'. Tinder
no circumstances':* would we accept a
manufacturer, ,'a banker,-, or. ahy 'other
member 'of the Sa"plt?ilist class into our
trades unions.* *7We would' not do this
because the.'trades unions are class organizations.,. They were founded for.
the purpose of upholding the standard
of,;- living -and Improving the working
conditions of the laboring class. - -
■" The trades unions are the expression of the .CLASS'STRUGGLES   .n
the economic field.
y, ■' -i.f :.    ..■■*■.# V- • •   , -.'.,
Now it is clear'to'see that tbe political parties are expressions of classes'in the political "field. _-•',.,
-The Republican party represents the
capitalist class and a small part of
the middle class. -   ' „ '
The Democratic party used to .represent a" large j part of -the middle
class and a small,part of the" capitalist's. 7Todayt.it represents these only
in the-South.-,. In-^he North it represents nobody in. particular, except; a
lot ofv political thieves, swindling con
tractors and.'their heelers.  ■ "\
Neither of "these .two parties ever represented,the working class.
Abbut. twenty-five/-years ago some
of ■ the. - Republican politicians •. for - a
"wliil9-i*RidTci*^iDi;"oRP^repreBent— ifand
pointed "to the Wgh tariff. '■ But ,nbw
there is. not a workingman In the country, outside of- a few labor misleaders
In Pennsylvania, who believes, thaca
high tariff helps;..anybody except the
manufactui*ers and, their, respectlvo industries.' ***."' "• -fi' ■• c ■   ,-'    ;■ ,  ■"
,, We "know that * whilo the .manufacturers' products are protected. — the'
workingmen are not.    , *.
We all know that In these very p^o
tecfed .industries 1 the !x manufacturers
haie displaced1 the .'American laborers
. By "Krltlk."
ers so that .the foxes, could forbid the
geese to "use. their wings to fly away
■ But I will say that of all the workingmen of the civilized world only
the American workingmen'show*less
reasoh;-ttia*-T geese and behave more
stupidly "than, sheep..!
In the old world and in the newest
world workingmen have learned the
lesson.      * *" -
In * England, Germany, France, Holland and Italy the'working class selects its, own representatives in ttie
political field as it does in the economic field. »It took the hard-headed
Englishmen a long time to learn*the
lesson, but finally they learned it..
As for the newest world, Australia,
they learned the lesson' there much
sooner. The laboring claBS there ,is
of more account1 than anywhere else
in the world.
. The working class exerts a tremendous political power in England, Germany, France, In the Scandinavian
countries, and even in Italy.
, in England,the awakening came as a
result of judicial Injunctions. But
they did not have the one-hundredtti
part of the of the injunctions we have
had in'the'past ten'yearo.; 5And we
are'still sleeping.    - *'    *' '
  *   *, *
"ir ' '   '  • '-
Wo know that there is not a country
01? the' face of the globe where the
working class has less power—economically, politically, or any other way
—than in America;'   ', ,
Gompers and,the other.--Civic Fede-
ratlonigts , call themselves leaders.
When do they lesid? And where do
they lead?        ,  '     ' °    '
The individual unions, like the Printers' Unions and some of the building
trades, have accomplished something.
As a Socialist**! am proud of the fight
of .he I. T. U. for the eight-hour day.
It was the greatest" thing ever done
by a trades union on' the economic
field.     /-•*''.-.,•
,; ]But pray tell us when" has the"Am-|
erlcan Federation of Labor's poltlcal
policy ever accomplished anything for
the American working people? "   "*
"'.'1 y'" r'   ,"■    * »*   * .   "
.1 say to the trades unions—wake up!
Disappoint the master class at last!
;, Get into1 line with the labor move
ment'TJf the world. " „ We, in .Wlscon-
sln-have-for-years-deelared" and" f ought*
for "a labor movement with two arms,
with-a'political-arm and an economic
arn._.i*-'._*...■■"■"/ ■ -,.. *.
; For-,'years both (arms qf, the labor
movement' in' Wisdorisln, the political
aVm and the' economic arm, have each
of them- been doing, their-'own work!
•without ,ever.interfering with each
other..**....- .;;.,.     .,•.-'.
For years the two arms off. tho
movement ln Wisconsin—the political
arm'and the economic arm—have assisted each' othor and both of them
almost  entirely: and  aro now using- ,mvo fared wel1.
+ + *- + * + + ♦ + + + +.<»
A football mntch wns playod botwoon the Bollovuo A toam and Lillo,
i..(.    ((.Itlll,    Ul_li*b    CoiitiOi Hi      TilO   ill «>(.
half Tto_r*v.i_ Vlrlrpil iijiWU .i*nfl l»t.J]i
tonms did their bent to.not thb man*
tory ovor the othor. Aftor halMlmo
plnyers nnd spodtntora. During the
socond half tho roforoo appoared to
♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦ ♦,♦♦> ♦ ♦,♦
Mr. W, L. Lakcy arrlvod from Durham (Eng.) on Thursday and is stay-;
ing with his brother.*
A number' of tho cltlzons 'of this
burg nro taking ndvnntngo of tho pparo
tlmo. cniiBod by tho Btrlko "to oroot
holmesifor thoniRolvos and fnmllloB,
MoBsrn Tnylor and nankin havo tlio!***
cottagOB nonr tho Catholic Church well
iintlor way and Mr. Groon is building
IiIb north of tho Crook.
Mrs. HendorBon, of Ilollovuo, Hpont
n fow djtys In town tlio gnoHt of lior
frlond Mr«. .Inrvla. MV Tlondoraon
Iiiih nccopted n poslllon In Vnncouvor
nnd Mrn II stayed off horo to bid good
byo to hor Hasnier frlonds boforo
Joining hor bottor half.
On Frldny Inst a numbor of our
young peoplo discarded tho nutomo-
bilo n la Rfiaollno and utlllzod tho Armstrong spoclnl for tliolr trip to Fornio,
Hungarians, Italians, Greeks and^ Slavonians. »; And thoy would now vory
much like to employ, If. thoy could,
Chinese coolies and Hindoos,,
So thoro Is not the faintest doubt
In'the mind of any thinking man that
tho Republican party Is not,represent-
InK'the working dnss''.*
<   *-' ,
I am not going* to wrlto, about the
Social-Democratic pnrty at nil — nl-
civ'llzed country tho world ovor, nnd
iinK [jolled ovor 10,000,000 voteH In the
..iwregato.     And nlthough there can
Co ho question, and thoro Is no qu-js-
tlon,' that It Is tho LABOR PAR. _■" of
these countrlos whoro It oxtstB.   "
And I bellovo thnt thp tnnssos of our
trndos unions nrn ndvnnccd  oniuirh
to-understand that thoy;must hn-'o 11
to oxprosB tho wishes tho hopo>4 and
Uie. fears of,tho working class in lho
political field. ,   ,
*   ♦   *
Tlioy ought not to oxpoct th»1'. the
roni osontntlvoB of tho two capr.-iilut
pr.rtlos will give expression to iho
noodo and nooomltlcn of tho wcrldng
»i!:iBB whonovor ll-oso noeds and noco»<
ul lieu nro In opposition to tho Intercuts
of their i;oBpoctl/.1 cIiihbob.
TIiobo pnrtlos could not do bo nml
llvo. It Ih iimmtiiral to oxpoct If of
Mvon Snmuol flompors doos not ov-
l>oci. tho Mnnufnctui'oi'B' AQfloolntlon
will tnko enro ot labor's Intorost j In
the oconomla flold.
Evon ho iIouh not oxpoct tint .*'r,
Scliwnb and Mr. Cnrnoglo nnd Mr.
Hiuir- God'fl partner Boor—nnJ Mr.
IK'ihiw rnd Mr, Iielmont and Mr. Ily*
an of Now York, ond Mr. Murphy of
Tammany Hall, will ropwiBont our
clasH Intercuts In thn Question.    And
Now'understand me well! I do not
overestimate the vnluo of tho political
arm.     But I say this:
A labor movement which has ONLY
a trades union arm is one-armed and
fs therefore crippled, '
, A lnbor movement which has ONLY
a political arm Js ono-armod nnd
A labor movement whero tho trado
union ns such is nlso suppoRo'd to do
tlio political work Is llko a body with
two, left arms. ' And a labor movo
mont whoro tho political arm Ib also
supposed to'do tho work of tho trade
union Ib In1tho samo condition.    .  *'
Wo must havo a movement with a
political nrm nnd nn economic arm,
oach of thom doing tliolr own work
and neither of thom interfering with
tho other.     ' *   n
*   *   *
In othor words: wo muat unite 011
clnss linos politically. Wo must bocomo pnrllslaiiB politically. Partisans to labor, Wc must mnko ELECTION DAY our Labor Dny, aB ha«
boon said so often, Wo imut voto
ne wo mnrch,
And thou wo shall not hnvo to hog
tho onpltallst roprcBontatlvcB for pro
toctlon against capitalism.—Victor L
Tho party consisted ot Misses Connlo
nnd PhylllH Milrlntt. Murrnv nnd An-lnolllior nf tlmnft nrpntlemnn oniilrl ho
-.„ i....„..,^_—
.*     . V .      .a. ... .
t*ett ill »• I
.-.-, _,-portl«ioMViftmil»i*rtitin.
til rhmn intlrifMn*.  *>**. d« Tan'i mt
»B* Xtftxr, nr thut Itit 110,  M»l1e<l|o »ny i
Tha SmimU »ra-r C*» Mt. Calurln**. • '*»•.
* Joft on. Monday morning on tho" FTyorj For 8»lt at Dl«i»d«ll"s Drug Stort.
all, and tt would bewlw for him to
study tho rule«'of the gamo. cipocl*
nljy thnt. benrlnflf onf off-nldos. Ju»t
beforo the flniih-tho Ronlkoopor got
TI. Wavoly by tJio.Ibg, and. tho roforoo
gave it cornor kick, when It should
havo undoubtedly have boon a ponnlty.
Tha re«ulC War Anything but a nou wo
d-Mri for nellevuft. Retult: Lillo,1 4,
BellavuV 8.—A* 8PECTATOIt.
Dr. de Van's Pcmnlo Pills
1 A rilliblrfFrtathrtful»to/|inwrtilli. Thue
tuit ett titt-rotaf-If 't4_l**'i__*. It »'*irfii-'»»r ,■!»••
dorson; Moiws Ohnrlle nnd St, Clnro
Altirlutt, iNuwton nnd Wntson.
Mr and Mrs. Fletcher nnd Mr, Bont-
ty Mills wero tho only representatives
of Houmor who nttondod tho celebration at Crow's Nost. *
Mrs, Uoddnrd and lior littlo filstor
Helen 1a> Clnlr. of Cranbrook, nro
visiting Mrs, Longpro this week.
MIb-mis Mnrlntt, Fletcher, Mcsflrs
Nowton, Marlatt, Stewart and Fiddler spent Sunday scaling mount Hoamor
nnd rupori*. a manlflccnt vie?/ ot tho
country is visible from lho summit.
Mrn tjtonc. of Calvary, who luu buun
upending sovoral months holiday at
Portland, Oregon, stopped off en
route for,home on n tlBlt to hor d«u-
Khter, Mra. Muugrovo.
P. -I. Honbhan, or Nolson, spout a
tewt ditfrt In town thfo wee*^ loottuu
after the interests of tho Singer; flowing Machlno Co,
olocted n dologato fo tho Amorlcnn
i-'odorntlon of Lnbor. or to any other
union convontlon.
And,yet Sam Gompers turns right
nround and wants ub to oloct thoso
It Is provoi'hlnl that iho Amorlcnn
bUHlncHH n.Mii'lH tried, It In for hlm
thnt llio drnmn Ib mndo frothy, It Ib
fnr him that all tho Broadway stars
slilno. for him Hint tho lights glimmer
But It Ih not ho nlono who Is (trod,
Tlio Amorlcnn clork is ilrod adding
up figures mid Balling goods In which
lu* Iiiih no hit went,
Tlio Amorlcnn floolnty womnn Is
tired  plnylng tho  butterfly,  plnylng
lirlil"'*   'itlil    nr\f"i<*1nn.   J.*j   c'lu.;1   ;;   [[ .\
♦I^r whloh lmvo luicomo d*»ndly mtxwx-
Tlio Amorlcnn Inhering man In tired
speiiillng nil his waking Iioiich In netting n poor living nnd In trying la
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM        .
* * ■     ■    * '
■  Wholesale and Retail
i i
,   ; , Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
*■       l       '       '
Coffee and Sandwich
•*.   . '-' • ''
Counter      ,
■-',.' '■ *'    ">'' *
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, „B.C.'       Phone 34
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
"It will do you good, and besides St
Isn't always you're1 Invited to > test &
superior brand like this.'
There's no gainsaying'but what the
sold here is a genuine builder up of
the system.' Claret punches.or sherry
cobblers made from wine sold here are
simply Irresistable. For all kinds of
wine buy _romjft£ii_.
- ■   , - %■<*(- *,      " .   '
Your Architect
can give you an idea ot * what
you have In mind for that new
house'of yours, but ho
May Plan a House
that costs double what you want
tooxpond.  We have figured out
how   , ,
' • i
To Suit Your Pocket
and glvo you a beautiful homo
at low.  figures.    You'll    savo
monoy buying a houso of us.
Insurance    Real Estate
Printer's Ink
When u«ed on good prciie'i snd
neatly displayed type for your itation-
ery is vnlunble. We hnvo every
facility for doing llio best of job work,
and nt a minimum price.,
Fernie, B.C.
'. . d
'   "* V
TVW. Davies
Airent   rernle   Branch
i <
_ *
> ■
Horth \
:_ Pellatt   Ave.
Kontlemon or thoir direct ropresentn-lmnVo his wnrron rr>n*_i no lilfb i" t)m
tlvoti and nttornoys to tho loelslaturos
and to tho nntlonnl congress to mako
laws for tis, to bind us, to Appoint
tho jitdKcn, to build tho jails, to command the troops, and to shoot us
down, If wo do not oboy those laws.
All he v/ants us to do la to «et a.
"promise" from thoso gontlomon that
Dmy will pius uutl-l .unction IokUI _-
*   •   •
flomotlmmi I bollovo, when I look at
this situation, thnt reason hns flown
lo tho beasts. At least I have never
heard DM uhcen .-yonW qlcct wulvt*
to mafto laws lor thom. Or that
geese would soloot foxes ns tliolr ml-
3h£tfa.',«*        .
conl of nocoasltles.
Tho American mlddlo-class wlfo Is
tired trying to mako a show on an In*
como that Is by no moans showy.
Tho Amorlcnn oollogo professor 'Is
tired leaching a system of economics
•Alilcli has no vl|nl roniifctlon with the
real facts of lifo.
Tho American magnntP is tired trying to make peoplo bollovo bo Is a 'superman.
Tho American voter is tired Hiipport-
Itig political partlos which mako no of*
fort <o support him.
TU Aixiiikitn «.l_or l» Uro.1 ■wintinj.
about tho bush and not toiirhing tho
heart of rjuesllons ■—;•;, O. .7., In tdte,
New Michel
& Blairmore
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First-Class Candidates
.'/ Tuesday, _Ma!y 9th, 1911.   Time:   9
a.in: to 12.30 p.m;    Seventy per cent
. required. ,    - '
. \ ,1. What are the duties of the Manager as provided' for - in the Special
Rules? * -     '..',..'       ,   (toi
' 2." What lire.^the .requirement, of
, the Act as to the. .various plans of the
' Mine?   -*   , ' ,  -     -  U .
' - 3.   What are the * requirements '■ of
the Act as to tho employment of wo-
■ men, girl3 and boys? *.-        1,10)
4. The following interpretation
terms appear in the Act: "Mine," "colliery,' 'shaft,,' 'slope' or 'incline,' 'tunnel' or 'level,'- 'working-face,' 'opening,'
'bank,' 'plan,' 'ton of coal gotten,' 'Minister of Mines,' 'Chief Inspector,' 'Inspector,' 'medical practitioner,' 'woman or girl,' 'Chinaman'.and 'Chinese,'
'owner,' 'agent,' 'manager,' 'overman,'
'mine foreman* or 'shift-boss,' 'shot-
lighter,* 'certificated official,' , 'coal-
miner,' "competent person.' Interpret
these terms within the terms*or meaning of the Act        ' ' (10)
5. What returns and notices 'are
required by the let? . (10)
- 6. What are the provisions of Rules
12 with regard to "the use -of explosives?' " (10)
7. What are the provisions of the
* Act as to penalties? '       r (10)
8. What are, the'provisions" of the
Act as to inquests? (10)
9.- What are the' provisions of the
Act as to Inquiring into the competency or conduct of a mine official?
-'»•-_:'    ' ■        (io)
lO.f What does the Act state as to
' ventilation "where two or more shaits
are required, other than the requirements specified in the General Rules?
' 1. Name and'describe the various
gases met with in coal-mines, giving
symbols specific gravities .general properties,' where found], how produced,
and under what condition do they be-
'come dangerous to human life?  . (12)
2. What effect has sudden waves of
*■ compression or concussion upon a
, mine atmosphere    charged    with    a
small percentage of CH4, which under
"• ordinary conditions would not be considered dangerous? ' ** (10)
3. How may the specific gravity cf
gaseB be calculated from the atomic
weign-roi .ne'eiememary^gases'. ~~{1D)
4.   Give disposition' of volume caus-
* ed by the explosion of 50 cubic feet
o* CH4 when mixed with air-in the
proportion of 9>/a volumes of air to
,. 1 volume of CH4. (15)
-* -  5.   What  conditions    In    at   mine
„' would render the Installation of safety lamps advisable or necessary, and
under what conditions ls the iuse of explosives .prohibited? (12)
6. Give the rulo, for Graham's Law
of Diffusion and give ono example by
computation / (12)
7. In a ventilating district the nmount of ventilation Is 30,000 cubic feet
por mlnuto, and,this ls charged with
, 2,1,00 cubic feet of CH4: what addition-
•nl quantity of nlr must bo added lo
dilute this mixture to say 1.76% por
cent? * rig)
8. What practical experience havo
you had with mlno gases? " Stato fully
and relate some unusunl condition
which may havo occurrod ln your experience. (10)
9. Stato fully how you would deal
wllh CO ln tho mlno, treating the subject" moro fully than you nro required
to ln quoBtlon 1, nnd having regard lo
the protection of the workmen- -under
conditions producing the gas, and the
methods you .would adopt to determine
when the danger point,is reached?
"- .      *'% - (1.5>
Wednesday, May 'lOti, 1911.' Time.
9 a.m„ toc 12.30 'p.m.- -Seventy per
cent required.
1. Explain the principle of the ventilating fan, comparing the advantages
of, small high-speed fands a*od large
low-speed fans; also of forcing and-exhausting fans.      ° (12)
2. What is the horse-power required to produce 65,000 cubic fept ,of air
per minute with a water .gauge of 1.9
Inches? What additional power will
bo required if this quantity Is Increased to 105,000 cubic feet per minute;
and what will bo the water gauge,
assuming the combined'1 efficiency of
fan and|,englne bo 65 per cent?   (20)
3. Give dn arched, airway 10 feet
ln diameter, with semicircular arch
springing 4 feet from .the floor, velocity of air 500 feet per minute; what
will be the quantity of air in cubic
feet per minute? (12)
. 4. Suppose that with a given power, 75,000 cubic feet of air circulates
through an airway, and it ls decided
to split the current into three splits
as follows:
,  First split 6 ft. x 6 ft. In section-and
5,000 feet long. --
Second split-6 ft. x 5 ft"' in section
and 4,500 feet long.
Third split 6 ft x 7 ft ln section and
4,000 feet long ■
What quantity'1 will pass through
each split, the power remaining the
same?        - (29)
5 <;A certain district in a mine ls
being extended into a new part of a
coalfield, the air is divided into two
splits, and it i3 proposed to make a
third split; state the various changes
you would expect,   ' (19)
6. Explain the three laws of friction  as1 applied  to  mine-ventilation.
7. Show by sketches the arrangements necessary to change an exhaust
into'a force fan. '-, - *
8. What ls meant by the term
"Manometrlc Efficiency" and '.Mechanical Efficiency', as applied .to mechanical ventilation, arid what _s meant
by, the term - "Equivalent Orifice" as
._,_tnltr,_l____.X-______;i_,_.   _. lt.-,l-'..'-l _.	
* miutrvcumauuu;
Cod Liver Oil With
the Oil Taken Out
A Triumph for Chun-deal fleianct* iuul
Pharmaceutical Skill ,i
OU front thc liver of the cod-fish hat
beon used as a preventative of dluaw
nnd a restorative for a*_cs,
1 Por a long time it has been the general
opinion that the medicinal value of Cod
tlvfr Oil was thc granny, oily part itself
•—its only drawback being the unpalatable, fishy taste of the oil.
Prom the first experts have been trying to And means to make it more palatable. They used to "cut" it with
■whiskey—take it in wine—flavor it with
lemon juice—anythinfj to get away from
that abominable fishy tnstc and smell.
Lots of pennle still take it In Hmul-
sion form, which is nothing more than
"churned" oil—broken up—but still
greasy, oily and a strain on the digestion.
Doctors used to think it was the nil
itself that built up the Hvsteni—tliey
were slow to find out that tlie oil was a
distinct drawback to the medicinal principles contained in it.
Crude oil is quite indigestible, and
will, In time, put the strongest stomach
out of order,
A way has now been discovered to do
away with the grease and the smell, and
yet retain all the medicinal properties
of the liver. This ia done bv removing
the fresh oil from the new livers.   The
11 wr ritdn In lX\m rriXnrt.,X tn •>ti*» tr,~r\
of an extract like beef extract.
Nyul's tod iivtr Comp-juiui is simply
this liver extract combined with an extract of malt nud healing wild cherry.
It also contains thc true hypophosphites.
This combination makes Nyal's Cod
Liver   Compound   a  delicious   tonic—
i. ii., ,.„ .*_.  r..,t„...   .„_ ,. .i .    ....
_.,_  nl, .       fa...      *i.aa.     ml-mv....^     >»**'_.     iA*-....!..      *._._.
Tan It when you feel yourself foilof
your (trip, It's t pleasure to take-
even tne children like it.
Oet a bottle to-day ind wan! off
disease, 11.00 for * large bottle.' Your
druggist will cheerfully recommend II
because he knows all about it.
For Bale In fornio nnd Guaranteed by
the formulae for calculating ther equivalent orifice.   , _      '    (12)
9. ' Give a sketch of what you would
consider a good overcast, such sketch
to show dimensions and other detail's
sufficiently complete to construct the
same   . ' (20)
10 Ventilate the plant given, using
the conventional signs shown (20)
Wednesday, May 10th, 1911 Time:
2 to 5.30 p.m. Fifty por cent, required.
1. Describe with sketches the two
common methods of working coalfields
What conditions would govern you' in
adopting olther systems? Assume
your, own conditions as to thickness
of seam and character of roof and
flooor.' (20)
2, Sketch what you consider a
good,form of .timbering for'a rectangular shaft. (10)
3.' Mention iho sovornl oxplosivos
commonly used In coal mines. Doscrlbo their properties and explain tho
dangers attending tho use of each.
4. In a single haulage piano whoro
loadod cars wolgh 4,500 lbs. each, and
tho haulage ropo is 4,000 foet long,
and tho wolght 0.9 lb, per foot, what
Is tho tension at tho momont ot movomont of tho full load, the gradb being
3.4 por cent; and If tho trnln Is hauled nt a velocity of nlno (0) milos nn
hour, what Is tho horso power roqulrod? ' (20)
fi. Compare tho various methods
ot transmitting power to distant portions of a mlno where power Ih required for pumping, local haulage,
mining and drilling mnchlnory.     (10)
0, Explain the piinciplo of Oxygon
mid respiratory mlno r-PBCiio apparatus, and tliolr application to mlno nc-
ridonts, (ic)
7. How would you avoid tho dim-
gors from ronl (IiihI lu.ii dry und dusty
mlno? Hliiio whol you would consider im effective and practical HyHtom
of watering such a mine. (ifi)
8. Hrlnfly dosr-rlba surface arrange-
ments to properly proparo tho output
for mnrkot ho iih to rmliic-i lho lironl.-
nun* of tho product to a minimum. (10)
9. What Ronornl method would you
adopt In provfiitliiK an iicciimulntlou
ot oxploslvo gas ln old workluKs*? (10)
10. You aro sent lo explore'a now-
ly discovered coalfield; how would
vou prniwMl tn imrortnln the co-ilnHffil
ago of tho field, Its diameter, nroa,
and commercial value7 (15)
Thursday, May ilth, llill,    Tlmo;
0 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. . Fifty, por cont
1. What in your opinion Is - tho
oest form of boiler to install at a
coal-mine—tho ordinary fluo-bollor,
tho return tubular*, or tho wator-tubo
bollor, and why? Name tho usual
fittings and appliances to colliery
boU.-rt*, (15)
2, Doflno the following electric
units: iho ampere, the volt, het ohm,
and the watt. Tho powor supplied
to an electric motor Is 35 k.w., tho
pressure ts 250 volta: find tho curront In nmporcs, also tho horse-paw-
or. (12)
3. In n mln«» tht*» slope of which It
1,00) fp.1 In length nnd dipping 25
degrees, tho quantity of water accu
mulating, is,,300,000 gallons'per day.
Give the size of steam arid water end
of a single pump to remove the water,
in 10 hours, assuming the mean effective steam-pressure to be 50 lb.to the
square inch; total efficiency, 60 per
cent.,   *  '   .     .*■■,*,    •' ■    '     (20)
4. Describe, the use of the steam-
engine: Judicatory: (10)
' 5. Give' a sectional, sketch of a
steam-engine cylinder, showing the
steam and exhaust ports, with slide-
valve in position relative to piston.
■    (15)
,6. What are the advantages and
disadvantages of balancing hoisting-
ropes?' „   , - (10)
7. What is the safe working load of
a crucible steel' rope 1 1-8 Inches in
diameter, on a' slope 1,000 feet long
and dipping 18 degrees?    '      ,   (15)
8. Describe the various methods of
underground haulage, slating the ad-
v; ntages and disadvantages of ea?h
method. -        (15)
"_• * .,     SURVEYING    "
"Thursday, May Ilth", .1911." Time:
2 to 5.30 p.m. Fifty per. cent .required.
1. Name _ and describe the various
instruments used in, mine surveying.
In addition to instruments of precision
name and describe simple instruments
suitable to approximate, surveying
and levelling in a mine.. -(15)
2. Mention the sources of error
which might accrue to underground
surveying and levelling!'        *..      (10)
3., Explain carefully one method of
taking a mine survey down a shaft
without the use of the magnetic
needle.* (10)
., 4.. In the following survey, supply
by computation only the omitted course
and "distance: ,
Course A. North 33 deg. 00 mln.West
950 feet. • '
' Course.-. North 47 deg. 00 min. East
940,.jfeet.  ■'
Course C. Omitted.    '
' Course D.  South 18 deg. 000 min.
West, 550, feet. ,    *,
■  Course E.   South '.68  deg.  00  min.
West 1075.. feet. .    r        (20)
5.   From "the  following  level-notes
plot a profile to a scale of 100 feet
to 1 inch horizontal and 10 feet to
1 inch'vertical:—    .  *
Station 0. Backsight 4.50; .Foresight
Station 1. back-sight, 7.00;, foresight,
3:2 5 ' ; '. ""
. 4. ■ The quantity of air in the "return
is 40,000 cubic'"'feet per..minute,- your
safety lamp.-. shows; a'1 gas-cap/of M
inch: 'what "quantity of -Marsh'-gas
is being giyep• off? - "<; . "* V" (15)
* 5. ,To-'what.\caus'es are- explosions
in coal mifies_-'due? * Describe ■* fully
the' several;'conditions which,7may
cause or contribute to an explosion.
'' '   -y-'irY-' "yyy (i5)
*, 6. How many cubic feet -of7-air
-would be necessary to dilute and render* harmless 850 feet' of Marsh' gas?
■'■■-:'. '.'    W'7j;,'.vv'-",,(10.)
, ,7, How,would1 you enter a mine after an explosion and'Conduct-Jrescue-
Vork?, What^ aire the dangers" to be
encountered, and how .would, you overcome them? _" ■■ .>.,_. * (10)
8. ■ What gases are produced from
spontaneous combustion in _a ^coalmine? What are the probable causes
of spontaneous combustion and what
general precautions would you adopt
to prevent It?'      * J  7 (10)
- 9., Explain the principle of the safe--*
ty-lamp. Describe one representative safety-lamp with which you are
familiar, making sketches if necessary,
"' „ ,)    Uft
10. What'would be the danger arising from a blow-out shot upon a mine
atmosphere* charged  with  coal  dust:
and a small percentage of Marsh, gas?
-7 ■■'   •■ ,     (10)
Wednesday,'- May 10th, 1911. ■ Tin-e:
9  a.m. to,*- 12.30 ■ p.m.  " Seventy por
cent required.   '■ '• •    *
',1. What'is meant by the rubbing
surface? What is the rubbing surface
of an" airway 6 feet high and 9 feet
wideband 1,800 feet in length? (10)
1 2. Does a high-water gauge always
indicate a large quantity of air passing? What does' a low-water gauge
with a large quantity of air passing
Indicate? (10)
3 -In an airway measuring-7 feet
3 inches high, 8 feet wide at the top
and !> feet 6 inches at the bottom,-
the anemometer reidjs 380 revolutions
per minute: what is the quantity, of
air passing?    ' (12)
4. .What pressure will be required
to pass 80,000 cubic feet of air through
an airway 7x8' feet and 4,300 feet
long?  „ ■ L (15)
5. Name and.describe the various
methods* of* ventilation.      What' is
meant by ascensional ventilation ?»To
what extent would you rely upon natural ventilation?/' '■- ' (15)
•6. What horse power will b.e'., required, to, ventilate a' mine employing
360 men and ,15 horses with a water
gauge of 2 inches; total, efficiency
60 per cent?, -. ■    .          °    *s   (15),
y§. What is the?horse-pbwer--of ,-a
single cylinder 'engine 12 inches*, in-dla-
meter and 24 inch .stroke;' running>"60
revolutions' per",minute;__ mean effective ' pressure 85 lb..; per square jnich ?
. :v ; " y-ii YjyY'{*..' ,'(i5)
._ 6.'*'-'After an' explosion.''.,of,fire-damp
or coal dust in a minehow- would,* you
organize the rescues'-cbrps,"'ian-i,-*_ow
proceed * to explore", the';* mine _ wty}_ 'a
view of saving life and properly?/'! 12)'
1 7:,. Describe with-sketches the'op-
eratloiivof extracting,.pillars■ from'; a
panel and explain .the".; precautions
you would take in working;"assuming
the*seam.to be;7 feet thick*• and,/rls-.
tag*-! in;'6. .. " . ' .' .' ■,' vt^f'(15)
8, From a gangway,;driven /South
65 degrees East the rooms are driven
North 50 East, the - width ' of-• the
room and pillar is' 60 feet:/what'is
thendistance on the'gangway from'
centre to,centre of rooms?'    ■'. (15).
'-;'" ' "7    '„''-','.' *"*>"'-A-* "■***■ *"V--?i{^*- -
-;y ,.".''.    y , DENTISTV -K. ",.; •*■'
7.   '.7, / %; 'y'yr £J J'&ir. ■-.:;'-";*■'/
'->' Office: 'johnsbn-Faullsjier.'Bldc'it/
<■; -
»Phone 72
*>,  ?• .-.•_;'-•' *
"..-.-/B". C.
-"•*-'' ,C*" .*'■
■__.. '
^Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.,
..'• /.Hours 9 to 1; .2/to 5; 6,to, 8//,/
-*J - Residence 21 viotoria Ave.'7. ;
W. R. Ross K. C
•a... „. ,    « .
W„\8. Lane
>.-.  •'., ••.■■-•-.   -.;r'~i.,'?
\' " ' Barristers and * Solicitors ':   /
Station 2. back-sight 5.25; fore-sight
-4.20.    " ' .       '
Station 3. back-sight, 8.60. fore-sight,
Station 4. back-sight 7.20; fore-sight,
,4.45.       '
Station 5. backsight, 9.10; fore-sight;
Station 6. back-sight, —; fore-sight,
2.15.       '
Wha Ib the gradient from Station
0 to Station 6? Stations aro, 100
feet apart. (20)
6. riot the following survey to a
scalo pf 100 feet to,l inch, nnd got
by protractor and scale tho closing
courso and distance, and tako out
tho aroa by any convenient method.
■ North,        300 feet.
North 75 East, 375 feot.  ,
South 50 East, 450 feot,
South 25 West, 350 feot      (20)
7. What aro .ho sovernl uses of
an accurate mlno plan and what nro
tho dangers and consequent results
arising from not having an accurate
and complete plan of tho mine?,, (10)
8.* Compare tho relative morits of
plotting by.—
Latitude nnd Departure,
Protractor. fl
Chords       „ '„     (10)
8econd Class Candidates
Tup .lay,  Mny Oth, 1011,      Tlmo:
9 n.m. to 12.30 pm.   Sovonty per cent
roqulrod, '
1. What aro tho dutlos of tho Over-
mnn under Rpocl.il UiiIoh? (10)
2. What nro tho provisions of lho
Act  on to Certificated Coal*mliiori<?
fl. What, do tho Gonoral Rules ro-
qulro an to ventilation? (10)
•1. What do tho Oonoral Rules require as to inspection of mines ln
which I ii fin in m ii bio gns tins beon found
within tho,preceding twelve months?
fi. What do tho Oonoral Rulos ro*
qulro nn to tho uso ot lamps wi
llKhts? (io)
fl. Whnt nro Iho provisions under General Rule 12 ns to the uno of
explosives? (10)
7. What l|inpootloiiH are roqulrod
by fionqrnl Rulo 36 (Rule no of tho
old Act), nnd 'who la Iho competent
porson rofi'rrcd to? (io)
8   Who may bo omployod to opornto
itt.)    (..._,.'.!.,    .i.nui.ir..*.,   £|.|,   y<-   UWi«.(
•miirhWr.v nrrd '_..r _t*_.i'<.j.._£ j.w^wjs
In any mine, nnd whnt qunllflcallons
nro nocossary? (10)
9. What nro tho provisions of tho
Act* as to the tlmo persons may ho
f •■•*.•_ ••.Ini'i-til     to*     1     t-.~     -..,        IA l .  A **.
— •%*  *4         » tv***''* •*»'■»• *• *\_ '*l
10. What nro tho provisions of tho
Act ns to roscuo work?      *•        (10)
Tuesday, Mny Oth, 1911.    Tlmo: 2
to C.30 p.m.   Sovonty por cont roqulred*!
1. Namo an) describe tho various
Ka««fa mot with In n ronl mlno. giving
their sp-Klflc grsvltles, symbols, -and
general properties. (20)
2. Explain Graham's, Uw' of Diffusion, giving on example. (13)
.1. Six part a by volumo of Marsh
gnu nro mixed with one part of Car
boni** Acid nnn <(!02).»flnd tho Jipo-rl-
fin trravlty of the mlitoro. Would
this gas be dnnncroug? .   (10)
: v^jiixpiain tne terms~"pressure and"
"power* as applied to mine entllatlon.
' , :'*-- , , - (10)
8.' Explain the use of overcasts ln
mines, and sketch,in detail how you
would construct one. (12)
9. i How are the figures 5.2 In tho
water-gauge formulae obtained?   (10)
10. Ventilate the. plan given, using
the conventional signs Bhown.      (20)
Wednesday, May .10th, 1911. Time:
2 to 5.30 p,ra. Fifty por cont required.
:, "What is creep or squeeze? How
would you urrest it when onco commenced, and what motbodB would you
adopt to prevent lis recurrence?   (12)
2., What .precautions would you
tako to guard agalnBt dangors to lifo
nnd property arising from tho uso of
electricity? (IO)
.-i.What is tho least working gradi*
ent you would lay a self-acting incline of 200 yards long with 10 car
trip; weight of loadod cars, 16 cwt.;
weight of ompty cars, 6 cwt,; weight
of ropo 3 lb por yard? (20)
4. Doscrlbo tho dlfforont systems of
conl mining with which you aro acquainted, and sny undor what condl
tions each Bystom works bost. Oivo
n rough skotch of Plllar-nnd'ritall system, nlno along Long-wall system. (2U)
Third-Class Candidates,'/'". -'"
• Tuesday, May 8tb," 1911.'.' Time. 9
a.m. to 12.30 p.m Sixty-five per cent
required.   -'.*,*'      ■ '.
1. Explain the following interpretation1 terms: 'Working ,face,' 'mine-
foreman,', or • shiftboss,' 'certificated
officials,' 'coal-miner,' and 'competent
person.'   " '   ' (10)
2. What are the provisions of the
Act as to the time porsons may be employed underground? '.,     •'        s (10)
3. What are the-provisions of the
Act as to fencing?^ t __?,    . (10)
>4. 'What are the requirements;of
the General Rules'as to'ventilation?
,     -      '''■-. \    '    ."'.d_?)
.5.   What are the  requirements/ of
the General Rules as to the.examina-,
tion of a mine in "which Inflammable
gas has been found within the preceding twelve months? / ,    (10)
6. What are the' requirements of
the General Rules as, to - the withdrawal of* workmen in cases .of danger?
'"     •"'   , '    ■-J.10')
7. .What" are the * requirements' of
General Rules.as to lamps and lights?
8. What are* the requirements of
General Rule 11, as to explosives and
blasting? '   * -,.-■- (10)
9. What are the "requirements of
General Rule 12 as to the use of explosives?- ,,        ~    (10)
10. What, instruments are- to be
provided at and in a/mine in which
dangerous gas has been found?, (10)
Tuesday, May 9th,, 1911. Time: 2
to 5.30 p.m: Fifty per cent required
and not less than 65 per, cent on the
whole. -' ' * "if
, •*"■ ° r>' ,
l.Name and .describe thej. various
gases found in c'oal-mlnes where found
.O n_fl_h_r\tir Af*.4-f\f*.J-nA .    .  .   _. /aa\
-wmu-uw iT — uvivwvv\ii " ■ ■ "\4V/"
2.   How would you proceed to examine  the  workings," assuming' tliat
you are the Fire-boss?    Make out an
imaginary report of your examination.'
' ■*..-■.     . '  :' .(10)
, 3. Describe tho precautions necessary iii general shot-firing, and name
some of the conditions ■ under which
you would refuse to fire d sl'iot.   (10)
4. Explain the advantages due to
splitting the. air-current, and under
what condition would lt bo advisable
to further split the alr-curront.   (10)
5. Sketch a compound, set of timbers for a' level whero the pressure
from roof and side ls equal. * Show
notch which would admit of the least
amount of splitting.     ' (10)
6. Describe a safety lamp and explain tho prlnciplo upon which the
elomont of safety* depends. (10)
7. ,!How does a sudden fall of the
barometer affect tho underground
workings of "a mlno giving off largo
quantities of inflammablo gas, and
havlug extensive wasto areas?     (10)
8. Doscrlbo somo system of working coal with which you aro acquainted, giving sketches if necessary.   (12)
9. What oxporlonco havo you had
with any or nil of tho dangerous gases
met with in coal-mlnos? (10)
10. Vontllato the plan given, using
tho conventional signs shown,      (20)
Fernio, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
:. 17
.-. *-. :;' -iy i-^f •*
, Y'
i i^_*
•A.* McDougall, Mgr;
Cox Street
Fernie B.C.
F. C./ Lawe • * -; Alex. I. Fisher
'    , .  , LAWE& FISHER
'" ',.*        _ - ATTORNEYS'' •
■ i                  -                 *
*■•  '  '   '..    t-"ernle,^B. c- 	
Manufacturers of and Deal-
'. ers in all kinds of Rough; \
(   ' '. v' •','■ ~.'''r'5    ■»'''_■.'■' , ~'a -'"•"
and^Dressed Lumber'.;.
* * > ■■' ,    ■ v* j**      ■»     , I- *" * ** -
" ■. \-0 {> '"-   .N\ '   :    '
■/     ] *■      i , ,'  V li        ,■       ri-    " **i
Send us youp orders
X*. •
y -,?
- ->•, *
Robert G Inogrsoll, ono of tlio brnln*
lost'men lho world ovor producod,
said In n sn'to'ch a fow yonrs ago:
"Invention has flllod lho world with
■rompotltloi'H not only of laborers, bill
of mochnnlcs, mochnnlcs of tlio high*
out skill. To-dny lho onllnnry lu*
borer Is for tho most part a peg In a
wheel. Ho worlis with tho tlrolosH-—
ho feeds Die Insatiable. Wlion tho
monster stops, tho mnn Is out of employment—out of broad, ho has snvod
nolhing. Tho 'mnohlno, that ho fed
w«h not feuding lilm—was not working
for hlm. Tlio Invention woh not for
his benefit.    Tho othor day I hoard
.»    iu..,.    B,()    tout   U    VVUM    UIIIIOBt    llll"
■n*_-'*l1.U- J*.*.' j_.'i'jj_,ii;j<3i if! iw,._l Mil
phnnlcH to get employment, and tlmt,
In Iiiit Judirmont iho government ouBht
to ftirnlsli work for tho poopjo.    A
fow minutes lator I honrd anothor
... . i   , . .... ,    ,  .
.1...    ,.,,. .   __,^,   i^4.&  #1*.,,.$.  «•   diwtC'-'.i   tt>av
cutting out clothes, thnt ono of tho machines could do tho,work of twonty
tailors, and that tho1 woolc boforo ho
had sold a gront homo In Now York,
and that ovor forty cutters had boon
On every side rnon aro being dis-
char-*.-*, npd mnchinos nro holrmr In
vrnled to tnke tbejr plncos. When tho
great factory shuts down tho workors
who ItihubUed it, and nre It llf«, as
thoughts do tho brain, ko nway, and
It stands there like an -Juapty skull.
A few workmen, by tho forco of
hnhtr, -rather about tho closed doors
nnd brokf-Ti windows, and talk nbont
dlslrofH, the pr|ce of food, and lho com
Ing winter, Thoy nro convinced that
tlioy lmvo not had their sliaro of what
tliolr lnbor created; thoy fool cortnln
tlmt tho mnchinos, Insldo woro not
their frlands. They look at tlio mnn*
sion of tho omployor, nnd think of tho
places whoro thoy llvo, Thoy havo
hiivo nothing, nothing but thomsolvos,
Tlio omployor sooms to hnvo (inough,
oven whon orn ploy oih fnll, whpn thoy
bocomo bankrupt, thoy nro fnr bottor
of than tho laborers over woro,
Thoir worst Is bettor than tho toll,
or's bout, Thu capitalist coiiioh forward with his spoclflu. Ho lolls tho
workman that ho must bo economical,
urn. Liiiiitii mu i*. urn.ut systeia economy
ii'iiuld wjJ;' ii-'M-u. wwvx, Vi,dm,' Iiii
great law of nupply nnd demand, every
saving and frugal self-denying working mnn Is unconsciously doing whnt
littlo ho can to roduco tho componsn*
, l ...        *   ,  r li. ,,,        ...
u.v.*  v^_.   _..___,_,*__i> ^.u'A  u._ft   _*CkWJ ll i,, .XtX-i
slaves who did not wish to run nway,
holp fasten chains on those who did,
so tho saving mechanic Is a cortlflcato
that wngos nro high onough. Doos
tho great law demand that ovory worker llvo on tho loast possible amount
of brtad? Is it his fato (o work ono
day, thnt ho may jtet enouirh lnnd m
be able" to work another? Is that to
bo his only hopo—that and doathT
.Capital has always claimed, and
still claims, tho right to combine.
Manufacturers meet, determine otieite,
even In splto of the great law of supply nnd domnnd. Have tho laborers
tho name right to consult nnd com
nine?  Tbo rich meet in club or par*
lor.' 'Working,men,'.when they com*
bine, gather In' the streets.; All the
organized forces of society, are .against
them. ..Capital, has'the army and the
navy,"the legislature, the/judicial and
executive, departments. / ,When ; the
rich'' combine, It' is for ■ the, purpose
of "exchanging ideas;" when .he poor
combine, it Is a,"conspiracy."- If they
act in concert, if; they really do something, It is, a "mob." If ..they defend
themselves,'It' is "'treason.' '  , -,    '..'
How Is It "that "the'rich control the
departments of government.     In this
country that political power is,equally divided among men.   -'There are
certainly more'*poor than, there are
rtch.\0 Why should - the, rich control?
Why should not the laborer /combine
"■"or ■ the purpose ol controllini. .the ev
ecutiye, the legislature and'tho, judicial clepartmerts,"   Will they "ever/find
how powerful they are?  /How are we
to settle the .unequal contest /between
men and machines? *. Will the-machines finally- go Into partnership ^ with
the  laborer?     Can  these  forces'-of
naturo be controlled for the benefit qf
gance'keep  pace    with-/ingenuity,?
Will the workman become intelligent
enough , and strong enough to be* the
owner of the machines?-,' - Will thoso
giants, these titans, shorten or length-"
en the hours of labor?   Will they glvo
leisure to the Industrious, or will they
mako tho rich richer and the "poor
poorer?.   Is man Involved ln the general scheme of, things.'.* Is there no pity
no mercy?     Can-mani become intelligent enough .to be generous, to be
Just, or doos the same law or fact control him that controls the animal or
vegetoblo world?   ' The   great   oak
steals the sunlight from tlio smaller
trees.     The   strong    animal ' devours tho weak.    Everything * oatlng
somojhlng else,—' everything at the
mercy of tho boak and claw of hoof
and tooth, of hand and club, of brain
and greed lnoquallty, Injustice-everywhere,    Tho poor horso standing in
tho stroets with its dray, overworked,
ovorwhippod and underfed, whon ho
sees other horses groomod to mirrors,
glittering with gold and sllvor, scorn-
Ing with proud foot, tho onrth probably Indulges in somo of tho usual socialistic rofloctlplas,   and   this   samo
horso, worn out and old, deserted by
his   mastor;1 turned, into   tho   dUBty
rond, leans Its head on tho topmost rail
ot a fonco, looks at donkeys in a field
of clovor nnd fools llko a Nihilist.
In tho days of cannibalism, tho strong
devoured tho weak, actually ato thoir
flesh,   In' splto of nil tho laws that
man has made, In splto of all advances
In Bclcnco, tho strong, tho cunning, tho
hoartloBB,. still llvo off tho unfortunnto and foolish,   , Truo thoy do uot
eat thoir flosh or drink thoir blood,
hut thoy llvo on thoir labor, on tliolr
donlnl, their wcniinoss nnd wnnt.   Tho
poor mnn who deforms hlmsolf by toil
who labors, for wlfo   and    chlldron
through nil his anxious barren, and
wnstod life, who goos to tho grnvo
without ovor having hnd ono luxury,
has beon tho food of othors, ho hns
beon dovoured by his followmon, Tlio
poor woman living In tho bnrron lonely
room, ('hwi'less and tireless, sowing'
night nnd,dny to koop starvation from
a .child, Is slowly bolng dovourod by
hor followmon. ,,   ,
When I tnko Into consldornllon tlm
ngon'r of clvlllsjort lifo, tho failure, tho
poverty tho nnxloty, tho tonrs, the
.oil .   ....   1      1   , I .    .       1  til      I'll
*-..»..._.        ,..^l..,        fct.W .,..»>_>, . <w...«. ,\im,
the huT.j»pr, thr* rrlmr*, the hufntllntlon
and tho shame, I km almost forced to
say that cannibalism aftor all Is tho
most morolfu) form on which man hns
ovor lived upon his followmon,    It Is
ImtinuolM-*.   fnr   n   irin*o   -mltTi    t,    trnnJI
honrt to bo satlsfiod .with this world
ns lt Is now, No man can truly en-
Joy oven what ho knows to bo bis
own, knowing that millions of bis followmon aro In misery nnd wnnt.
When wo think of the famished
we fool that It is almost heartless to
eat; to meet the ragged and Shivering
makes one almost Ashamed io be well
dressed and warm. Ona fools as
though bis heart wis as cold as their
In a country flllod with millions and
millions of acren nt land wnlDntr to
ho tilled, whoro ono man can raise the
food for hundreds, millions nro on tho
edio ot famine.    Who can compre-
Bar Unexcelled
,, All White Help
Up-to-date /.
*** ,,  -    **" .,*
- * *• -,    *. i - --
"■ ■"    - ,'    ."
:,Call,.*in and
- -■   ,'i*-   ', -*•*--
,   see us once
Pernio. leading Commercial,
' nnd Tourist Houso •   '.
Lizard Local General Tesmsters No»
141, Meets ovory Friday night at
8 p. m. Miners' Union Hall. , W-'
A Worthlngton, President; B. J.
Good, Secretary,
Bartenders' Loosl No. 014: Moots 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary 3. A, Qouplll, Waldorf Hotol.
Gladstone Locnl No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd and -1th Thursday Miners
Union hall.    1), Hoes, So-,
Typographical .Union No. 050; Meots
last Saturday In each month at tho
Lodgor Offlco, A. J, Iluekloy, Bocrotnry,'
Local Fernio No, 17 8, P. of C. Moot.
In Minors Union Hnll evory Sunday
at 7,4li p.m. Ovorybody welcome. I),
Paton, Becrotary-Tronsuror.
Amalosmated 3oolcty Carper-tars snd-
Joln«rB_-**Moot lu Minors Hnll ovory
nltornnto Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward. Bocrotnry. V, O, 307,
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Jolners.—Loaal 1220. D, J. Evans,,
Prosldont; P. II. Shaw. Socrotary.
hend tho stupidity at tbo bottom of
this truth? T« Dterix tn hn nn ehnntrf**-
In Iho law of supply, invention nnd
flclonco, monopoly and competition,
capital and legislation always to ho
■onomloB of thoso who toll?   .
Will lho workors always bo Ignorant, sviiirtrt wioug'ti to give their winnings for tho uselossf Will thoy support millions of BOldlors to kill tho*
sons of othor worklngmemt Will,
thoy always build temples for ghost*
and phantoms, and lire in huts snd
denn tar thnmntxlvont Wilt tb-i I_p@,
unstained by lies, forovor kiss (he
robed Inipoatcra hand? Will they flu-
slly uay that tlie man who has had
equal privileges with all others, has
no right to complain or will they foi*
low the example that bss boon set by
their -ftjipwEBors?, Will they y«.rn
Ihnt force, ,•■*» ntn-iNwrf, mnnt hnvo
thought behind It, and that thought
must rest upon tlm corner-stone of
r l*    « -* '■y-w&y^z
-■^■riyy^-fpirt^- $* ^y^fry'- /fry? >:
•_.-v i;
■-''.:?.  .***■ **•-•
*..-. *r,'w.
.-•-«;■.--A*** :
,-Y..yv?7 '^-V"7_"^.. \-r.y
- Vy.r-
{   :■■,   '
■"j Xr*.--.
■> $**____
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;■_:..*:. ..*-<■•-"_•<<'. ',,. .- >   ■..*■_"_■--.-..---,?,.■._-:'■<.     „'..v
;■>":*..>,'■/. ^-:
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."■-!. -j: •■:*..;••''-.*' ,*;
-;?*,. *.--£*-*'>. j.,1
■">* *.-.*-1 X V *. i "•■ ■.-.•*• *;
.-' -••j" ____,_- \ -r-fs.'
_^'?7*r,c%\^_._^' ;-:./.j.*? •„•■• -'■ t-..'-„ii
■*.--N-^,.-.y.  .-,..-**
•^/"^Lesr/marins/et employesfde. compagnies"*- de/.>transporta r-maiitiiDi^s'/qui *''
;":/■-''".' >tenu.oett .jdeinande,','i_ais' ils oat/ob- -.
?".'/-* •'•'•>,'.-tenu une augmentation-de salalre'qu'- "
S" ,.-"*  - .tin yi*a\' rtptrnanUnl__nt nao .an' aa '*m'i_,'t+__ri
-     ,»    ,,   .^ - ,. . A ^.   .    ,   ,-. - v**w   __,uui*_*_u   uilu- ^ti-VJ , wi, U*. w   uuu-
lis ne'demandaient^pas en se mettant dred men .listened to>*a':ciever exposi-
en ...greve.*;.'.,:Les"*,patrons'*: he'-Vat- tion' of-.the' principles'1^.**Socialism"
tendaient;: ausunement!/a-,une "greve last evening*on* the corner* of Thames
g<§n<§rale V'*et'',.6nt:; &.6J pris -" a •l'iia- and King .Street;    Mr.'C. M_ O'Brien
■qroylste.7 ;.Ils" ,'se "sont-
- par-.consd
/querit hat-5s,,d'offrlr-' une , 'augments.-1
;• '.'tion de* salalre qui fut accepts par
,, . quelques uns et refusSe par d'autres,"
-' - Mais eh, accordant, line argumentation
■•   -aux ouvriers lis n'ont pas oublle" de
se'rattraper d'un;autre cot'd. , '.'Quel-
"ques jours apres avoir accord^ cette
;•-   auguinentatlon lis ont, aussi annoncd
',/ une. augumentation de |2.50'dans le
'-'prix des passages' pour, .traverser 1'At-
..-_ lantique. et   des * augmentations * pro
*. .portlonnelles dans Iss" autres services.
'  Ce. qui.* veut dlro.qu'li n'y aura-pas
-   ae diminution "dans les profits des ac-
':■-. tionnalres. '•-,_..,  .       "' "    ,,.•**.
;  * vMais,,,1'appdtlt des* ouviers' ayant
■    -dt-S tin-peu aiguls-5 par cette'auginenta-
' ■ i tion 'ils yont/s'uhlr dayantage et ne
;/:,tarderont pas - a * lutter   de.   nouveau
; pour d'autres concessions:'  Bt la lutte
;. \ contlhuera tant qu'on n'aura mis fin
*-, aii regime capitaliste.,     *
--,?'*•■';■// '-',/!*', ■'• '- '•* ,*.-*'.   ''■'
•'-/    I^eB;journaux. nous disent que l'An-
/,:gleterre souffre' d'une   epldSmle   de
;-'-'J'groves.'.   Le mols -"dernier elle soufT
"frait d'une^pldemle   d'etres' inutlles
J'}et nuislbles. ' «,-   '   '     ^'*    • '
(   " j Ces deux 6pid<Smles se suKyent g-5m5-
,";* ralement. .   Le luxe des inutlles pro-
'   vlent dela misere des ouvriers qui se
':   metterit.en greve.'     ■ •    "■    ■   '■     .
,,    ,    , . ^> - ,-
En  Angleterre1 bomme  aux  Etats-
, " TJnls-la classe ouvriere commence a
:'   cbmprendre v la   ndcesslVa d'une plus
grande entente que par le passS si
,,   elle", veut r^ussir dans . la lutte' ,cont*i-
' - nuelle .ontre _es explolteurs. *.■   L'Idde
," ;de7rindustrlallsme fait des progres
* .' par'tout.***Ce qu'il faut c'est la concentration   des *." forces \ ouvrleres:     Le
>,jour de la, lutte indlvlduelle, le. jour
ii," des  petltes  unions   "autonomes ."est
• passd.. • Nous - vivons • dariV une - ere
.„dei concentration /et   d'drganlsatlon
'.7_a outrance- et.* la classe, ouvriere-  si
.-..■ elle veut sortlr vlctorieuse de lalutte
a   • ..     .      .-.-_---—,-"**,--••"tr mere were-out very* few enemies to
ivdolt concentrer ses forces nliia nnn :o_,_.iat.„„i-_J_^-__'^  * .__
*,-.ja^T»T~~7~~—'"""—~~y—•_r"-v ,y~ ~~ "*-"-"fi-""".—»"u— iuey-wereTinen-^^wno
',,    -, *    * '»'• -   >r'L . ,•  .,
-La; Fdddration  *des" MIneu'rB   u. « v_.ci.ui »uuuy u. m© Buujecc     He
l'Ouest tlent sa. convention annuelle believed that it would bo truo of Sclcial
:d Buttei-Mont
La' plupart des' d<_
a   uno
Were Ciit Off,'p'rom tho Miners
, ■ Louis Moorea explanation of the Interview in thd'Hordld about tho otrlko
is as follows: He was at a football
match and wns sitting near tho manager of P. Burns Co., who happened
to nsk him why thoro wore no orders
for supplies this week, and-ho roplloji
,,"Thoro aro no orders in thla wook."
..Ther.reporter was sitting close by, and
Mr. Mooro says his imagination,got to
■work and mado out that Buppllos woro
cut out altogether. Ho did not say
that tho mon wero tlrod of bolng. out
of work and wore prepared . to go
back to work. Tho minors know tho
itom was wrong, and that ho had
boon misquoted, bocauso ho had an
nouncod at a mooting ot tho minors
on Tuesday that supplies would bo
glvon out;-~LothbrIdgo Horald.    ,
/socialism ■/
- One hundred arid- fifty-, or, two hun-
who' is ,_the'-Socialist.'".member of-**the
Alberta' legislature, was/tlie • speaker,
.and for over/an hour11 he .poke of tte
iri justices", prevalent,' in th_B age of
Capitalism, as' he'called It,; and' in
conclusion prescribed the remedy as
set- forth In' the principles ■ of' Socialism, by a more equal distribution '. of
the property at present owned by the
Capitalists. among the'laboring class.
Mr. O'Brien is undoubtedly a clever
speakers/with a fluent flo^. of'good
Engl)sh,/a, voice of splendid.'carrying
power and he builds iip his argumenis
by statistics and logical<Btatemonts.
In:hls opening remarks he'said.hat
the movement which-ho represented
was an international one attracting
great" attention*.at the pr.eaent time.
Never a-in the world's history was .it
possible to ^produce',', so, much'., wealth
with -so/little ; labor: and' yet never
was/there as much* poverty as at the
present time. * Men' all over the world
were beginning' to-wonder fay there
was so much poverty in spite of'the
fact that the' power tor produce
wealth was.ever, on.the increase. -Socialism, .* declared the speaker, ' wa's
the -largest, international' movement
in the world * to-day- having, a 'membership of 71'' millions l\\tthe • year
. 19097 The v misunderstandings prevalent/concerning. Socialism were due
to the'fact* that their'literature was
given so' little prominence. The press
which was so laVgely'.in the hands of
the capitalists, did not glvo space to
their * speakers and did all that was
possible to minimize/the 'growth, of
the movement. *. ■_, .*,;   ■*■ '' ,,
' Referring-to history past and present; the^ speaker .claimed that' it was
largely made up of the rich and what
they had done.but as for the working
classes/they" were* not/ taken notice
of unless/they- gaye^risejo a, revolution." "Among the ■ laboring classes
there were-but very*few' enemleB to
knew nothing about its principles.  He
had been-so himself until he had made
de av careful study'of the subject /  He
Ism as it*was* true of all other great
„ Bolnning August lst, Tho Oraud
Thoatro will bo under tho now manage
mont, MossrB. Plzzocolo & Company
hnvlng become tho lessees and Intond
to oporato It in conjunction with tho
Pernio Opora Houso, which latter thoy
•will contlnuo to uso for tho oxcollont
.-moving picturo films thoy prosont
Tvhllo tho larger building will bo devoted to tho reception of theatrical
companios, meetings and llko gatherings.
state, that of capitalism* iir, which there
was little difference'because*the capitaliste now, as then, exactefi-'froni the
workingman nearly, aii/hewas/able to
produce:- The speaker also;expressed
the/view that the/world twas' on*< the
■verge of. a great panic/which might
break at any. moment .when the -, mil-'
lions of t'-mployed.would,join,the arciy
of .the unemployed-because, the supply
of laboring power was,ever becoming
greater than the demand—Sentinel
Review..-    • .*,*,.,.'-.;• ■,'', '*..*    ,'
i":?**gJuV,Jont favorables   av,uno  union movements- that the moro It wasTper-
'.ayecJMJ'nlon.n'atlonale. des Mineurs'.— secuted the 'more „/£   must prosper.
L'Unlon des T.:Charlerol, Pa.    .•"'.'      Bismarck ln Germany had been a relentless enemy' of' Socialism, and In
,, spite of all'he had done to*doitroy
ACTUALLY SAID Jt at the last election the Socialists
had  polled , somo' three  anil a half
H     ;   /He Never "Stated That 'tip Supplies """^ voto" 'Some^pln-heads living In
. ,.  '- * ,    Were Ciit Off '.'rom the Miners       Canada and possibly, some Hying in
Ingersoll,", said the, speaker also bo;
lived that it would bo stamped out
, Tho speaker- dealt vory caustically
with the method of electing] members
to parliament by making tlieni pay a
"flno"r of $200 boforo' thoy can run
for/parliament, He said that'tho av-
ora'go wago In British Columbia waB
MOO, In Alberta $300 and In Ontario
1371. In tho last two'yearn tho standard of living' had dropped 7 por cont
At a conforonco at which Lord Strath-
conn had proBldod,.a roBO.ntlon had
been proposed that this "flno" bo raised to $500, tho objoct of which was
to mako it still moro difficult for tno
workingman to got Into iiarllamont.
AH ovor tho world thoro wan a groat
unrest." ' Socialism wont to tho root
of tho mattor. In tho history of tho
human rnco whoro thoro had boon slfc*
vory thero had boon poverty, In tho
ancient tlmon It was thought that poverty was due! to tho fact that thero
was not enough production but now it
was known that this was wrong, bo
causo never'in tho world's history has
th^ro been such productive power, In
Canada tho avorago wago of the workingman wab less than $-100, while lt
was .estimated that ho produced onch
yoar $2,000' and tho dlfforonco wont
to fill tho pockets of tho mllllonalrea.
Ho Iracod tho history of tho human
rnco from tho stato of slavory to that
of feudalism, thonce to tho present
To the Officers and Members of Local
7 Unions in District 18, 0. M. W. bf A.
■-'.',, ;- 5' {'•'■' /July 29th., 1911.
Qreeting:     ,     ,   ■/     *-, *'    ;. y   '.-"'
Report,of  District  Executive in the
matter referred to Referendum Vote
■ * > ■ •• -   .        .     ,   ,,    •' >
In, view of the present situation in
our, District, and* of the statements
made at. various times that the members of our/ organization were not in
accord, with the policy/adopted by
your Executive Board/ we have' decided to appeal to the membership of our
District. to decide what oiir .uturo
policy shall'be. „ '..'*'.
*" Mbst bf 'you'will, nV doubt, be familiar/with the.various reports of the
members of the Board/as these have
been" freely circulated through the
press/, and a few comparisons are all
that should be necessary here.,* ■'•
;In the.report of Dr. Gordon'we find
in" splte/of the ground covered by the
investigation,, that the only definite
recommendations made are relative to
the wage scale, and while the general
provisions of our agreements, containing as'they, do, many matters of vital
Importance to ourselves, were touched
upon, this" was only done by way of
comment, /and produced no definite recommendations. ' The recommendation on the day-wage scale would mean
advances for day, wage men ranging
from 18c. to 30c. per day, with the
highest* advances'on the lowest rates.
This, however; doeB not make any reference 'to the variations that now
exist in the. samev grade of employment' at different mines, nor does lt
specify as to what shall be'the basing
rates on which the* advances.are to
apply.        .7-. 7, , */,       ,  ■ ,
The/differential oh pillars of 5 to 7
cents per, ton means a'reduction at
those mines where the' differential
does not exist ,of' from .10. to 14 per
cent, and again the report is dellght-
fully indefinite..yyyHi.■     ' ,-     -
DurIng7~tEen[nvestIgation proceed^
ings the position taken by "Dr. Gordon
was that the differential"should apply
to 'those mines In sub-district 2 in
wliich the differential did not already
exist, but the report leaves this an
entirely open matter.
The report further provides that all
otlier contract rates (1wlth the exception of Lethbridge ahall remain as
under the agreement expiring March
31st, .with the .prices nt JJille to be
in proportion to tho thickness of'the
/The polntB on which Mr,'Maeleod
dissents Would mean that $3,00 rates
should bo advanced 8 por cont instead
of 10 per cent, and '$3.50 rates bo advanced 5 por cent Instond of 8 por
cent, and that the maximum reduction ln ."Pillar Rales" should bo 12
cents por ton Instead of 7 cental
Following ls a llBt of day wages
figured according to tho throe reports,
Rates accordlno to expired Agreement
and  rates  Including advances pro*
posed by the three reports.
Rates undor
•51 ft?
' 1303
List of Locals District 18
NAME 8EC. snd P. O. ADDRE88
n»n,th*n'' i.r. Wheatloy, Bankhoad, Alta. „,
Boavor Crook,...,. P, aaughton, Bonvor Croek, via PInchov
•n«»ovuo jj nurko, Bellevuo, Prank, Alta. ''•■•,
T,t.t..mAF... t>    r    (Nl . ,    , . ,
 -*-1- >>•......   «_>, «, 1_u«m>«,, _j.m_.in.iu, AUO*.
N«-"ml"  Jos. ". crhy r.hlrc, BurioJi*, AUu.
Carbondalo,.. J. H. Hyslop, CBrbondolo. Coloman, Alia.
Cnrdlff  J. Poole, Cardiff. Alts.
Canmore , N. D. Thsehnk, Canmoro, Alta,
Colemsn.,......,,, W. Qraham, Colemnn, AUa.
fftrriln ...    ., J«*?»« ♦",--* *•■  *" "
Chinook Mines .... Wm. Korsytb, Dismond City, Al^s.
Dlsmon^ City Charles Orbsn, Diamond City, LethbrldRO,
, Pornlo Thos. Uphill, Pernio, n. C.
Vnak o. Nleol, Prank, Alu.
•"o»mei' , W. Dalderstono, Hosmer, B. C.
Hillcrest J. O. Jones, Hillcrest. Alta.
Uthbrtdg U Moore, P. O. Box 113, Lethbridge
lethbridge Collieries JPhes. Clapham, sot, vis Klpp. Alts.
•tJllo W. L, Etans, U1I#, Frank, Alt*
Msple Lett........ it. Ulldsy. Msplo Leaf, Bellevue, Alta.
Mlebel M. Burrell, Michel, B. C
Monarch Mine.... Horace Woodleld. Tsber. Alta.
.Passburg Wm. Cooke, Ptssbnrc. Alta.
Royel View Thai. B. Usher. Roysl Ooltteriesi Ulhbrldw, AU*
Tsber.,, William Rvsssll, Tsber, Alts*
T»ber.,. B. B, Patterson,'Taber, Alta.
Are a valuable and nutritions laxative
fruit, owin to-, an-/active medicinal
principal.' '.'./,'-      .. .,, /    r,;-;..„
:. ;.?;;Fig; Pills -";v^;
contain the active principal of FIGS
combined 'with' other .valuable medicaments, and ,'are* guaranteed to Vcizre'
BOWEL DISORDERS. 'At aii.dealers
25-cents per.box, or The Pig Pill Co.,
St. '.Thomas; Ont.' «*-  '',
', '3.   That no advance is granted, oh
contract rates, generally.
7 4. , That no recommendation ls made
regarding * the . General , Provisions  of
Agreement.* "7   ".'- 7   *'.
' It would be well,- in considering tho
action to be taken^ to carefully review,
the -position of the District as" It, Is
after the suspension of four months.
Up to this,time, no attempt has been
made to operate the mines without recognizing; the' organization, but the
members must be prepared for such a
contingency asi this,' will undoubtedly
be done, if the operators can'force a
guarantee of protection from {he government.   7     .     y   '       -    -■
The action of the Boards of-Trade
Delegates iri meeting at Maeleod point
in" this direction, - and gives, In addition, an example of what might be expected-from the particular portion of
the community' they represent.   .
We are still of the opinion that with
continued'firmness on' the part of our
members wo will be able, to arrive at
a,better agreement than has governed
us during the past two years, and we
would like you' "to give this matter
your earnest,..consideration'from all
standpoints before rendering a decision. *;; 7 :',"''■'
Ballots are being sent' to the various
Local secretaries with Instructions to
take the .vote on Friday, August 4th.
and returns'must be mailed not later
than August • 5th, to the District Secretary;' by. registered mall.    „     ,   ,   -'
' (Signed)*
, -'   ~W. B. POWELL, Pres.
"   C. STUBBS, VicO-Pres.,'  ,',
A."J.-'CARTER, Sec-Treas.]'
\    ' ,f'j.*_E." SMITH, Board Member,
j: o/jCnes,    :■ ,    " .
'.*     D.  McNAB, "       *•'
WM. LEES,      '      "
Executive Board Dla.ft"*.8,
...    r     "U." M. W. of A.    ''
.  old .
at, Report
1.26   t
1.C5 '
3.02,5   '
3.30 ,
a, CO
to the", Bolsover Colliery and one of
the largest, and-;most, modern collieries iri the'world, has just created another mining record.
. As .'the-result of one week's work
of 5-V&'days .ending Tuesday, May 2nd,
a new- world's, record for a week's
turning of coal, has been made by
raising to the surface 25,008 tons of
coal: This* gives nn average' turning
bf over 4.557 tons oach day, 620 tons
per hour, or over 10 tons per mlnuto
—a remarkable achievement.
The Mansfield Colllory, dr Crown
Farm, us it Is locally known,, now
holds' the world's record for a day
(single shift) a week, a month, arid
a year, Tho colliery can also fortunately! take credit to Itsolf ln the
fact that during Iho yoar 1910 not
a slnglo fatal accident occurrod and
that the porcontngo of serious accidents compares favorably with that of
any'othor colllory,   •
Tho "foregoing Ib takon from tho
Manchostor Umpire, Tlie abovo col
llery is situated In Derbyshire County,
England.1 It Is n comparatively now
colllory, and ls oporatod on' a sonm
of about six feet, Eight boxes aro
holBtod on ono cngo, oach box containing a littlo over a ton of coal. Tho
dipping wns handed to us by M, E.
Coploy, Wostvlllo, who got It from
Tom Llovors, who workod at tho
Drummond Colllory somo years ago.-—
Froo Lanco,.
1 (Ed.—Mnnsflold Colliery is In Not-
tlnghamshlro;    Doloovor   In    Derbyshire.)
In connoctlon with tho dlfforontlal
In pillars, Socy. Carter points out that
this could not bo agreed to as n gone*
ml prlnolplo, and thiB Ir tho only logical position tlmt can bo tnkon in connection with this mattor. Howovor,
your Exocutlvo lmvo ropootodly slatod
that whilo wo would not slnud for any
reductions in tlioso rales, wo would
not ask for advances on this clnss of
work whoro lt lias boon shown that
extraordinary high rates prevail.
Reviewing tho roport of Dr, Gordon
generally, aH effecting tho wngos of
our mombors, the ridvnncos grnntod on
tho low' rates, would bo^otfaot by tho
reductions mado In contract ratos on
pillars, leaving tho majority ot our
*,(*r.uv*na *u -am amuv po-.iui.il ae uvi*>
InftlTP,     flOlbw)ll.|.l*4_j(!l;*t'     JJ.<,     uutuy
changes that lmvo occurred adversely
offectlng our wanes, that wero forcibly
drawn to tho sttontlort of tho Board,
In replying to tho communication of
IX,.    ■.11.-1,1...    ..  1  ., ,,,,,.
„.. *     _,..»».wta»l.    krft   k#4u>uit     •ll*.    W**.X%iXM    •LL.i.'*
ve were prepared to make an agreement on tho basis of liecretary Carter's
report, snd have, up to this tlmo steadfastly refused to consider nn agreement on the bnsls of the report of
Dr, Gordon.
Our ipcclflo reasons for taking tbit
]M»tt(on are:
J. That ihe advance suggested cn
the day wage scale Is not what we
are -entitled io, and Is only offered ss
* compromise, and in conjunction with
the reductions specified.
Z That we do not consider that
we ehoiild at thtt time s'ibmlt to any
Austria to Expend $10,000,000 In Dwellings Having Light and Air
VII3NNA,--To remove tho scarcity
In small apartments tho Ministry of
Public Works Isuod a docijoo recently
providing for Joans aggregating $10,-
000,000 for Iho orocllon of Working-
mow* dwellings. Tho monoy will bo
advanced to local cohtractors.
Evory caro will bo tukoh to insure
ndequato sanitary and hygonlo equipment, and proper light and nlr. Ovor
crowding will ospoclnlly ho prohibited.
Uo'ntu will, bo fixed on a moderate
basis, ' *   '■
(Ed.—A numbor of Socialists woro
it-vwt.i) vivnuu <U> Uio rtUOUIHIl KeiCII-
nmlh, licm-c Ihb <.iuU*j*«._v. <,; "pu;i.
nnthrophy" for tho benefit of the
working clnss. In our history we read
"Choop llroad killed tho (BrUtlsh no-
form Movement," Cheap houses will
mu ii.. fi,.i ii i    .....     ,   .     .
».,..   ±..\a   ^..m,,.,,   >_.»>4.tfc.i.vkk'i.   _i_   n.\*w
trie, perhaps, but we hardly think so,
becauso as' tho years, roll on the workors gather wisdom enough, though It
be at a smtll's pace)
DftnfncM Cnnnot Bo Cured
bf Jaiil •ppHntloni, u Itoy «him Midi tht 41*
M«nl PmtiEm or xutaryjim to «if mtiri*.
f>»_ flmtum. nnr) IMI It Ky iwiwl(iirl_m«| rt!(in_*J|*._L
U*ttam U MU_d br ta lnSu_4 *_*AIU_ «4 ifi
muodui Ualat at the Jt_U*_lJl IWm, Wk_ tut
taaa h mtaiaa. m kin • ihmUm* awa* at rn-
mfm fctt/tm, tlrf wt** h to MUnfr «J3Sl iv_-
turn to _* null, mttt warn Um toOiMiiUta_ui■•
Htm mil m« IhU farlw rwti-vwj to tu aartul aSdl-
\m. ittttnt *m lw 44Mni>«(| bNvw: hSm «mm
_2 -*1 __,*_w,t_/l .*w toitttt*. vuA MrcUmc
hat ** **""* k-MHIm*t ta* atmaaimewtaniiL
0**l**m imturJli- MU*_> ikat immJIffJ**^!!
T»U lUU'i Wowy VllU lot wotUi»llo_   ''
-,   i
The Paper that gets there
CJ Advertising that advertises is the
sort  desired by   persons   seeking,
publicity for their wares.
■.Cf Selecting, the' medium is important—the publication that reaches
the people-1—the wage-earners—
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space.
' „ •"■■"'. id," •      -
Cf Its ari easy matter to acquire
space in a paper but its another
point to get adequate returns from
the oiitlay. :/'{'y \-
Cf Advertisements that sell goods
make interesting reading from time
. / to time, giving facts and figures.
Cf Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper is not advertising. A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink.
•I . ,,
,t i i
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
* the columns of this paper; gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the now comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
CfTho District Ledger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should bo your special medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try—
can't tell until you try.
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger •___-«MhlKOU»Mi__t*M_^_X„
*. *.. v
'• »***_"■
■ y --* \
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—^JUL*~~.*» _~J5gg_HBgff™JPIg!BM«P__W
-    .     "7   -.   . \ j^ryj-y^i-^yi^-:-\-y£'J?y\'i..iy.-U-'..t\/-r-''- J-f .     • -.-J'". ~\f^'C*.'.- ■.-"->'?7: '.!k:*Cv"^^
• '*"        /*       ""     _•-.* "-'". .-SV.  ^ 7'*1 "■■'-'i's:7<0':."'*:- .-';     -;; "'/■"'; ;.'      •     .' - . K'. "'I^V. ",-:*:*7*-* -'".V" .-"'■. -"*'v" ^'l"^./_■_'__;/*/"V,,**''   *'r .7O"''7^>70'"-^Sv^'"^"'^*'^'vlf ?£
',"•    '         ;-•-       -. *     o    -*,-"■     i",   ' -    _-• "" -"*'*- -**.-. , .*   a..   **" ,- . ' *         .*'.*          - ,.     .*   -,   ''VA-.-r   ~            '*.,"-. -■*.-."", .■-'-..--. .-_--■  -...<■*■**%•••     -  *■■•_    *  •-'•--■ , ,-,*^;,1-,    - - -*.     :    --*-•-•'.*,.,'/■-.■•,--:-<•
1              7-       v-7   *    -     .,,-    .    - .-      -:*"„''7    -.    " .       - * *-.   ;-         " •   I.,- '■£ -      7,-'   i--,',;- ,',*.'   ..►■;*:,    ,^"**''.,        X'        ..'-"..•      •*,--- "■_, V---.'*'*•'-    -* "*•*":-  '. -* •
7,   *  -    THE DISTRICT*I-EDGER,^ J Y'y--i iy4j':0^»yjy ly:'YYyYY{^: ^JTi J 'ii~YY'y
-*..' Is.your name' on tbe voters'
You'll'* need it Sept 21st.
- «.* Dick Brook'left for Cranbrook
'.-..Thursday,where he. will work ,
/Thos. Crahan, Lord Mayor of-Michel, was in Pernie oaf business over
Thursday. \   _      1    -.
. ,' Mrs." -H.  Armstrong of New West-
< minster, is visiting her parents, Mr.
. and Mrs.. Digby.    .-,-■'*'-->      -   -*-        .,
' - Miss Mary Dunlop, of the Bellevue
Hotel, left on Wednesday's local on a
trip to Vancouver.    ""
" CREEDS -   !"      '
*. There will be no horse-races on
the Fernie track * this fall, "but that
Is not Aid. Robertson's fault!
J. Crocket caught five speckled trout
weighing close "upon 10 lbs. which wero
■exhibited in N. E.. Suddaby's window.
"*   Mrs.    Sutherland,    and    daughter
'Rheta, of Winnipeg, have been guests
of Mrs? J.  M. Robertson during the
week 'i ' i.
We are pleased to say'thnt several
cases of threatened typhoid have been
successfully warded off during the
week.' • x     •   -.
Contractor John- Wood has gone to
• St. Eugene, and has taken a number
of men and teams from here to work
in connection with .the new school at
that point. .
Mr.- Bland, jr., representing the Mergenthaler Co.rof Toronto, was In town
during the week.     He* tried to sell
six typesetting machines, but only got
•away with five.-.  , '.
We see'by the .Vancouver World tha
our old friend Parm Pettypiece has
been re-elected by acclamation as secretary and business agent of- the Trades and Labor Council of the,coast
town.     Shake," Parm!"       ""
On Wednesday night a fire alarm
was sounded from box 25 and the remark ran through the crowd: "Wonder
'If It's another false alarm" , Mjich
surprise was felt that the fire brigade
did not turn out, but explanation followed when lt was discovered that
box125 is located in-the Fire Hall.
Replying to „a correspondent who
adopts the singular nom de', plume of
'Red 'Air," we beg to say that we have
heard ot no special meeting to try-out
_anfl_oll_th6.jiew_city_snow_plow_. The
mechanlsm of. this useful machine .is
■ so simple that little or no lubrication
is-needed, therefore we are at a loss
to understand your absurd query.   *
As evidence of the excellent deportment of the citizens,of tbis community
.when Judge Wilson visited Fernie this
week It was found that thore wore
neither civil nor criminal cases for
attention. -■■ If this state of affairs continues we shall agitato that the' Provincial Court House bo changed Into a
Public Library and Reading Room. *
Among the members of District 18
there are.many nationalities represented, various creeds are professed by its
members, but.,with these we "have
nothing to "'do,'.granting that lt is "a
man's own private business whether he
be Anglican, Presbyterian, Catholic or
a member^of any other denomination.
If he prefers to follow a certain diet",
be a vegetarian, fruitarian, or'any
other "arian," he and he alone Is the
one to judge as to what best suits"
his personal taste's,       ...      7.   ".
We have not, nor do we now Intend
to criticize any Individuals, because
of their religious faith, but when they
who wear the clercal garb undertake
to dabble with affairs outside of their
realm arid use every effort <to create
internal [ dissension within the organization, then we certainly do not intend
to keep silent, because to do so would
be recreant to our, duty. ,,       % -'
From the beginning of the present
struggle we ha"\.e heard rumors of the
activity of the two priests, Michela
(of Fernie), and Meissner (of Michel,
undoubtedly actuated by material reasons urged upon the men what course to
pursue. ~ We halve had nothing to say
through 'the columns of this paper,
thinking it advisable to allow matters
to run their course, but'when it was
reported that the men at Corbin had
voted to go back td work laifeely
through the instrumentality,of Father
Meissner,' to prevent the possibility of
any misrepresentation, he was interviewed upon his return to Michel, and
this is in'substance the conversation
that ensued:     '7,
Interviewer: There are reports current that you have been instrumental
in getting the men at Corbin to go
back to work and,I have come to ask
of you the courtesy of a reply so that
if not correct it may be contradicted,
and if, correct duly verified?
Father Meissner: Yes; I went to
Corbin and after Mr. Gus Smith had
spoken to the men I translated his "remarks to the Slavonians and advised
them to accept the conditions offered.
A vote was taken and they voted m
the majority to go back to 'work.
Interviewer: - Then you ,. consider
that this was the right course to,pursue?   lv ' *      *   "-.     "'
Father Meissner. Yes; I do, and I
accept, full responsibility for what I
did.      - ' y '•
Interviewer: Then in that'case we
can take it that .as a result, of your
efforts ' the men .have - returned to
work?      ;       - *. ,    ,
large "majority and therefore. I think
they were justified.' ■**•"*-_■*
, .Interviewer: Thank you. We.now
know exactly your," position in the
matter.        ' ,
Wo wish our readers to distinctly
but when the spiritual advisers step
outside of tho realm of their minister-
lul duties and endeavor to create dissension then thoy must expect to be
criticized for so doing.
At tbo last meeting of tho. Maple
Leaf Local No. 2829 hold on August
2nd, a motion was made and cajoled
unanimously expelling William P.. Pol*
lard and C)has, Kaulknor. Thoy pro
working nt Polico Flats In defiance of
both l.&sburg and Maple Leaf "ocalu
and.iotiiso to quit.,'
Sec. Local o, 2829, Maplo Loaf
"Don't holler beforo you nro out
of tho wood," Is a trlto old saying,
but this must bo transposed in tho
caso of "Col. Dick Maplo'" as it appears "ho must holler and lio cannot
got out of tho wood.'" Rocontly wo
rocolvod word that ho had roslgnod
from Tho nip Saw, and now loam
that ho has docldod not to relinquish
wielding tho axo at tho troo of mlsory.
Tlio now publication boars tho appropriate titlo of "Tho Worlds Butt-Cut"
with n full supply of "Truth" wodgos.
Nashville, Tonn., on an envelope will
, ronch the Colonel and four bits a year
is tho sub, prlco with anothor four
hits for pontage to Canada,
Col, Dick Maplo, has resigned from
the editorship of "Tlio National Rip
Saw" of St. Louis, Mon. As a mat-
terhand at torso, cutting nnd original
pliratio • making couchod ln languago
tinctured In allsplco nnd cnyenno that
would pass tho Puro Food Law with
tho analysln showing 100 p'or cent.,
ho stands In a class by himself.
xx. a, ,nxi(a*U la inn atiu.vfcftOr, HUU
i*.j_.(* _.(.• ..._.,*• ___{,-. I'L' - 't.'ii;..<,' __!,)'}-
1st, nevertheless as an figgrosslve
fighter on behalf of the working class,
with Mrs. Kate Rkhards O'JInro as
tt, member of tho ntaff, thore will ho
.    *..        *,.        »>       . ,.
Ul.     _*_->, ><,,*    LL*    l.l_,^,    ^-ivi,.!.. *f     tul.    WUV    **f4»_>»». I.
fulfilling to tho brim Its time worn
motto of:
"Blind ae a bat to everything but
       \      ,
In an address recently delivered by
International President John P. White,
ho> made tlio statement that out of
700,000 men employed In"tho production of coal there waB porhaps Iobb
than one-hnlf employed at tho present
time, This loads an editor of ono of
lho periodicals! dovotod to tho opora*
tors' Intorosts to suggest that one-
half tho numbor of mon now following
mlno work could produco nil tho coal
that would bo required and not work
full li mo ut that,
This suggostion promptB tho editor
of tho Miners' Journal to propose tlmt
In" viow of the Btatomont that ono-
half oftho mon now omployod ln tho
industry cnn do tho work, working
olght hours, In ordor to glvo tho full
forco depending on tbo industry steady
work, lt will bo advisable to reduce
the hours of labor to four por day.
Tlmt would do It,
(Ed.—The abovo Ib from the Industrial Hornld, Organ of District, Ll.
Yost Thnt would do It; but that It
will do It Is a totally dlfforont story,
if all tho laborers only workod sufficient hours to produco enough to supply
tho demands of tho mnrkot thoro
would bo no unemployed nrmy for the
mastor class to call upon In caso of
emergency; thon, again, It probably
would dawn upon tho workers that ns
thoy woro tho only notlvo factors In
production and distribution tho dorlvod factors could bo roadlly dlsponuod
with, and so throw tho parasitic ol»
inonl overboard, which would bo a
deplorable slato of affairs Indeed.
Perish such n revolutionary thought!
Tt in •rnhv/kfulvo nf •jr-mlf-tv nntl tn rcrf*.
vfnt n condition no calamitous all thn
forces of stato, polico, army, navy and
judiciary will bo used to rotaln power,)
singer compay* ignores ■*.   *
jerseVsLiability law
"'  rr.--J~>  r    "      ,
Workers Warned "Act Not.; Meant for
Their plant—Many Employes Hit-
Firm .Eager' to Substitute" a Fake
"Mutual  Agreement Clause."  "
;. EUZABETH,"n.;J. — ;The Singer
Manufacturing Company, which has'd
large plant here,.has, served notices
uponuthelr several thousand employes
that" the Employers',* Liability - Law,
passed by the New Jersey Legislature
and, signed by' the'Governor April '4'
1911,-is not for It to comply*-with. , It
further states that _t" does. not" mean
to be bound by any such law.
Recently when!1 the employes were
paid off* a. slip of paper was" forced
upon each man as he .drew his pay. ,
The, notice was printed and read:
.  Employe of the Singer Manufac-
* .turing Company and each and every
employe of said company.
"Written .notice  is hereby given,
and  this   statement  in   writing  Is
, made, pursuant to the provisions^
. the second section of an act of th'o
Legislature  of  the-. State  of  New
Jersey, entitled An act prescribing
„  the liability of an employer to nialce
compensation for injuries received
by an employe in the course of employment, .establishing  an elective
schedule of compensation,  and-regulating procedure for the' determination of liability and compensation
thereunder, approved April 4,' 1911,
that * the  undersigned  company,' a
,corporation of .the said State and
,your employer, does, not accept.) the
terms of said section of said act;
' arid its contract of hiring-wlth .you
is made upon the express statement
that the provisions of section 2 of
- said act shall not, and are not intended to apply to such hiring, and
it  does "not',Intend  to  be  bound
thereby'.'    7 ''-   ■       ',. '
'      July 1," 1911. ,       .- .v
Substitute an "Agreement."
The workers who refused to accept'this notice were told to draw
their full* pay. and quit." That the
Singer' company means to .totally'ignore the act of .^Legislature, and to
substitute in _its place *- a "Mutual
Agreement" Clause"'is evidenced by
the fact that inany were" told to be
prepared to' sign such an "agreement"
when they returned to work.
This ."'agreement" is nothing short
of a joke',' and its only significance Is
that tho.men will in no wise be able
to. collect damages from the company
8hould,*,they sustain injuries while
working in the 'plant. '
tlsed so often and with' such bitter
effect upon the workers that eriiployes
of the-Singer, company have about refused'to* "sign up."'   , '""
"The Issue," a Socialist newspaper-
herb, has "warned the' rrien of the'
necessity to"'re-fuse such a pact. The
paper appeals to 'all workers in' the
Singer' plant 'not to sign away their
manhood for a ruess of pottage.'-' •
Effective Union Needed'..'..
If one or two riien refuse to Blgh
this) pact * It will have no effect, as
these "Insurgents" would 'simply be
discharged * by the company. If a.
thousand men refuse to sign It, H
will havo an effect, but If all tho
workers re/use tb sign, the men will
win. l
Too much stress cannot bo laid upon tho propor action1 tho workers uf
this plant should tnko at this time;
If tho coriipany succeed In putting
this over, thereby Ignoring tho law,
they will havo tho men JuBf whoro
thoy want thom.
What is needed tho most of all
among tho mon of this plant is an
offectlvo union, according to" "Tho
Issuo." It Ib pointed but hy "Tho Issuo" that a striko ot this tlmo would
bo useless, In that it would entail
noodloss suffering on tho part of women and children,
But the men must organize,
Above all they must refuse to sign
an Agreement Clause,
WINNIPEG, Aug. 2.—Tho C. P, It
has announced further reductions In
coal ratos on wostorn lines for tho purposo of nllovlatlng tho prosont western
shortago To Mooso Jaw thoro Is n
roductlon of 20o. por lon, making tho
rnto 14.(10;,bo},woon Fort William and
Swift Curront a roduotlon of $1.20
per ton, making tho not arlo $4.80;
Port Willinm to Medicino Hat n rodun*
tion of 70o, making tho not rato tfi.UO
per ton; Fort William to Saskatoon
n roduotlon of 80c. por ton, not rate
$4.80 por ton. Tho rato of $0 to Cnl.
gnry remains unchangod, Tho roduo*
tlonsi como Into forco August 0.
The politicians aro always-anxious
for' votes.y ■*&_&•»' poor dupes of-; workingmen llsteu"1i^th*i yawp'Vf .he "capitalist poli'0eiai|7and ', suffer - for. *' it....
,There,..waB';a^s„ike on,at Springhiil,
Noa Scotia-'-vvThe* fifteen7hundred
miners.hung.together 'for, nearly' two
years. Tben,- the .proYincial;electlbns
came on and;? the., politicians. needed
the .votes of'the working" mults.' -Premier ' Murray," under,' whose';', cunning
scheriiing * the ,,big -, capitalists';* have-
fastened themselves-upon, the tworkers
of Nova.'Scotla arid are bleeding .hein
white, suddenly discovered that'there
was. a strike, on. r-The poor ^workers
needed .work..- He became sympathetic and called ■ employers" ■> and the
strikers together. ,* Owing to some
hocus, pocus", that' is", not - known. the
strike leaders .called the strike off.'
Everything was going to be rosy, arid
nice.. The workers were going.to be
treated fair by the bosses and were
going to be led'beside the still waters
of plenty,-amid- the green fields of
industrial peace. _ Plummer of the
coal and steel trust was going to.be'
the elder brother of^the wage slaves
and be a father unto the erring strik-.
eriB- i,    ' :'>   '■... ' ''      *  ,     '',    '*'
a      .    .   . .*., , ,
, The men .went; back to work, the
elections were pulled 'bff to the satisfaction' of Premier Murray ..and .the
.workers are ,'enjoylng- the- delight of
industrial -hell.'        .. ,, n   .
, Jules Lavenne, who- -after , visiting
Cotton's Weekly returned, to* Levis,
Quebec; (and finds "the French of that
place* taking'to Socialism like a, duck
to, water), has-been receiving information from' Springhiil.', The follow*.
Ing is-a letter froin'the scene of .unrest he,has forwarded:'"' ,   .
, : . ,,7*""SpringhiIl/ July 11, 1911.
Jules Lavenne; Levis1; Que. *
Dear'CoWade,—Just a few lines iri
answer to your kind letter. There is
nothing new here. They are rubbing
it In good and hard to • the men.
About a,inorith'from now the miners
will have to go to the woods, cut
some timber 'and take it down in the
mines "with them. - They will also
have, to botUe'i'up some' air and take'
it down.-*' They have not got any* in
the shafts. I am"'going, tb try and
get out of here."V There" can't' be any
place as bad; as this." , Look out for
something for yourself. ' Don't ever
think'of working here again.-
' Talk about'^capitalist keeping his
word!'' ,l_lsw' fellow Plummer" can
beat Cowans' a.miie.,(,(,Hp.w- he must
laugh ..when' he,'.'segs,' how ..easy ,.hi3
T"'cB"rfs!aves7Tnrei y^d~Tntyg*"T7jyitt
■only' take "ten per cent'.of your wages'
arid then be reduces wages from ??.44
to $1.62. \"" We • had-f $2.44 for' eight
h^qUrs'wbrk; nbw..ve have $1.52 for
ten hours.    *** •' *     ■*"■'-.
,-,,- -,-v,.       .   r.
The name of the, Comrade who wrote
this, letter cannbt be made public,
The'hlrellngs of Plummor would vie*
t'mlze the Blave worse than ever.
That Is the kind-treatment you get
when you monkey roiijid the capitalist
politicians.^ That^^'Jthe.klnd of slavery'you get wh^,f,you',ilston to the
promises of tho .lying capitalists and
their cunning henchmen.       '*
The remedy is plain. Let every
workingman com© out from tho old
parties. Lst him, swear by all that
he loves and cherishes.in this world
and tho next that **__. w.Ill stand by
his class and !hIs''claBs'alono. Let
tho workingmen unite,on the political
flold. Let thom march in tliolr hundreds-of thousands to'tlio polls with
tho.. revolutionary   ballots. In ' thoir
Unitod politically tho workers can
swoop Canada, Thoy can owoop
Plummor Into the pauper .class if thoy
liko. .  '
Why, slaves of Canada, do you allow a sot of flabliy parasites to rob
you to rulo you, '(fa koop your wlvos
In rented shacks and ln tho mlsory of
poverty? ^
, Awakb In your manhood'and your
hundred thousands nnd froo yourselves from your capitalist enslavers,
—CottonB Wookly
man 'has read -Socialist*.literature'W
fore he goes lnto*_*U».ai^.y'"V 7V-;-*~f~
7'.The army it-sett:lBja^V^taMe.ehool
6_Socialism; -' Itis^against.tlielrules
for ■ a soldier,- to read :„Sociaiist.;'lItera{
ture. .But this doe's not deter•!the
Socialists. , Every ~ soldier^ is plentifully, supplied";with papeni fajod books
on • Socialism,*-' A 'secret -. postal' system delivers party papers'; to"the'army.
' -If a soldier'ls'-caught'readlrig^Soclat
1st literature, he" Is; sent: to' the; guard
house (unless his'.superlbi*'officerda a,
Socialist, who jConfisc'atea^the ilitera;.
ture.and reads'it'himself)"; t\\<J tj-
This SocialIst7literature* tells ' the
soldiers that-,they have., interests, in
common with the workingmen,of other
ountrles arid that' wars" are^carried
on'.only ,to-*aid!Jhig'..business, "y. .^
._ It teaches 'them Jo",""despise war..' It
destroys; all .the'jjlrigb-mllltary^splrlt
which the. Kaiser endeavors' to _put
into his army.   .' ■-■; ;';,
There'are about 3,500,000 Socialists
In Germany, gyery one-of them opposed to war.   ' "."•:'
-How. then cari there be war? "
The Socialist,(movement is,, referred
to iri Europe *-as-'a "red spectre" because it uses the red"* flag, signifying
human brotherhood as its" .emblem,
But it proves itseif'a spectre of peace,
the nemesis.of the red Bpectreof war.
—Chicago Socialist.     -,'*''        v     .
W$&$&&&*1p.^#1&.eji> $ ♦;£♦:<* ♦ ♦ $.;
,-'6. ''
_**•_ ;■*•*•*-_.'
-.' -y. ¥-••*•■-'
Saturday and Monday
LONDON, Aug. 1.—Dock-laborers to
the number of• 30,000 went* on'"strike
here to-day. ' The- seameris'"; strike,
which was settled some time ago, convinced.,, the, dockers,;tiat "theys also
could obtain tlieir derriari'-ils by slinllar
action, and as7a. result strikes have
taken place In various shipping* points
in England and Wales. London
hitherto has not been seriously affected*'    :"' "• ;' iy.')'   vYYtyft}
Y ""'   Beckett's -Blue;' 3' pkts. fo.-. ,\Y/'"*.'
«> - • ■>   -.-.-   * - ""*,'-.-.,.     , ,** -   ""■*..'   y ■
' ' { Fruit Jars, Pints,-por do'z."v.... .'■_... .".V.V..   65c.v
i Fruit Jars, quarts, per doz."' .*....;. v*..'...- 75c.«
,* Fruit Jars, half gallon, per doz. >..!*.'....' (. $1.10   \
, 2 lb" Tins Table"Syrup,.....i....'./..•.;'.'. . 10c.
-5 lb.iTins'JPable Syrup. ....*.'...."./. ,.' 25c!
- Sherriff's Jelly;Powders,,4.pkts for [.'.',., ".25b_' ■•
Toastei Corn Flakes; 3 pktsfor......... .7 . ;25c'..
--' Finnan Haddie, 2 tins 'for .,..:.-...
.••-'"-■','     * '   ' * .
Herrings in Tomato Sauce, -2 tins fpr
;"3 lb. sacks' of -Salt, 4 for'{... .* ;YY,
••,-Sunlight; Soap;'.'6 bars fory _ .■*...■..
.Lifebuoy,'Sqap, 6 bars for
. PostlToasties,. 3;pkts for ..
FRE^fi m;tlk
, i delivered    to . all ..-'■
X   S   Ci'*--     ' -,
;;■ parts of .the town.,,7
, 25c.*
'-" i-
Reduction Sale
> of Men'sVHats
d      '   ;   *i '•" *" ,' '   -*   ..        ••   *   , -,  •'!•        ,  , , ;
French makes, newest - colorings and shapes
'\    •• " Regular';..'.. /.-'...'.;.'...   $4.00
Special ..... _';*.'.....'.;. ,,$2.65
:" &$'
■ <>.Y
7 <*>'■*■
: <> ■*-.■
- <►,:■'
■' -<►;''
; <►•'
-**»,  ,
i J'-"
Sanders & Verhaest -.Brothers.
( \.***ti     *4
Two good Teams,
suitable, for either
deliyery business
or general work.,
'        S, J. HARRI30N,
. i,"'*..! . .Wardner,' B.C.   .,
Aug. 2nd—In the -prison nt Sault
8to. Mario, Ont, Mrs. Angollna Nn-*
polltanl gavo birth to a healthy baby
girl    Doth doing well.
Mount Royal
CUiiftt Open S«pt 1911
ror C*Un.Ur #Bi nartk _Ur« writ*'
O. W. KKhfiV, fkis.,      Itlnelpat
OAvcmmtnt chtrtsr. Id*n1 Joestlon,
RiRff of liinhMt *r,hftur»htp and ««p«rt»
enc*, bonntt-ttrt** ,ul»»» ruuiiin nml
dining hell enytpped ena rurnli.isil the
veryoeeU' »»w h-alldln*.
Cam ft at a\mtf
TTeparatorr, Teaehere, ■Unlv-.n-lty
Muttlpuldtlon, Itoytl Military Cottd-ie.
Civil Hen lee, two jtete undtr-crftAu-r-.t-t
work. Tyjxwrlilng. Cttneervatory of
Mtnlr. ifknml end TeehnH'*, Training,
Itft«*«h-JliJ Rt.lrnc* and Art, rhynlcAl
-._u_.i_.i*_- mul tUu(fc*ta\i_i_., J.'lm_ Ail*.
ijaAlaa' Co1Uk« Cow**. H(v*eUl Cour**
for here.
The Fornio Itnllnn Hnnd, which linn
boon compelled to forogo giving Hi
uatiAi cuucticu tor uomo wcoki. pant
owing to slckntm among the tnuat-
.l»nt. will li* onco more on dtfck ftnd
will glvo'nn opon-nlr concort'ot Hh
uuunl flrut-dnfls charactor on Sunday
iit-M on S'luot'in Avwnip, -wfiRther
1 Mnrch—Victoria, by, M. ChUIfarelll
2. Maturka nmao^-Ciarlna, i by
.1.   Myl—rtlrtir Worm, hy tfoofcn.
4.   Mlaerere—■Trovatore.  by Verdi,
If, ParnfiA .rt -*-_ SonfiB „of 0OWt!i
France, hy De Longpre.
0, MarlUn*-<lr«nd Mteetlon, by
WtlUce. ' r
t. Selection—Foriu del Deatlno, by
' n,   Marth — Ctxennr'*     TVfnmph-iI
March, by Mitchell.
0.  Cod Rave tho King.
Why There May Be No War Between
Germany, France' and England—Be-
oauie a Considerable Portion of
Their Cltlrem Do Not Want It,
Thoro mny bo no "Buroponn Convul*
alon"—now or nt nny othor tlmo—ovor
tho Moroccnn or any othor qnoRllon.
Tho roniion la aimnlo—n largo porcontngo of tho pooplo of Europe DO
Rmporora, kinga and rulera mny
CAL for wnr, but IP thoir aubjocta
do not fight TimniH IS NO .WAR,
Thnt ia the proapect whloh faces
tho govornmonta of Europe tho momont thoy doclaro wnr.
'llioro nro now In Kuropo 10,000,000
Mt..\ wAo volo tho„b'ociaiut ticket,
and who therefore arc avowedly AGAINST WAR. Th««e 8ocJal.au. acat-
tercd principally throughout England,
Franco nnd Cenqany. will not only
f-ou.hu ui light hut wm n.ao '.nc.te"'
other workingmen to ttoaco.
Two week* ago the French Social-
lata announced that they will call a
mooting of the Socialist parties of all
countries involved In the Moroccan
fontrnvflmy tho nj^mont tbe nftitntfon
bocomes grave, „TO. BBCIDE WHAT
In Germany the Kaiser cannot do*
pend upon his own army. At least
fifty per cent of bla soldiers are So-
dalUts. They will not fight their follow wM-JiSrjjFtoeo af ^heer wmntrl**,
TIm» flemnri *^^^l\st J'mdi^tnont
p*y* ptrtittiUr atleaUon tb the young
people,   it (.«.*» teHt that *very young
V        ,■ t     A   ■*' ■• ■>' *  *   ** **- ' If'
Joe Falvo
i -
General Eepairer
New Work
, i
Carosella's Store
Second Hand
Furniture Store
Uiffhftftf  Driofto   DnSrl
ni^iiuui   i iiuoo   i uiu  ,
For   Secondhand   Furniture,  Stoves,
Tools, ate., also Ladlss' and Qentle>
riien'a Cast-off Clothes."
Two-chair Barbsr Outfit for Sale*
At 65c.—For ages 2 to 8 years made,from goo'd,'.
Printed Cambrics and'^ plain and fancy Chambrays.
. There are a Variety* of styles, all are good.- ••
'-.,*-.-..     .*S'l.'t).-  ,"  .-":   '"■  ■■•;..",;**,-   .,'.,.  *   *-•-,   "
S. ' t'l •*> *i     '      , * -T ■
At 75c.—Sizes 2 to 8years; made from^plaih and
checked Chambray^, trimmed .with strappings-of
• harmonizing shades;-perfectly, 'fittijig.Httie Dresses •
■  and easily worth double this, price.,      :-       a
,. .    ' ■' r      i.       • ,     ■      '- m
, At 95o;-—Sizes 2.tq 9 years, in plaited sitort waist >,
effects/;pf;du"rablo English,Drills• "colora: '.White,
' Cadet and Navy.  v>      •-,''«.«■-
At $1.00—Sizes 10 to 14 years, mado with Dutch
necks and half longth sleeves; in White 'with fino
,.:Plue hairline stripes;, a groat bargain jf or $l.i_)0 .-
i   AtI $1,85—Sizes \i to 14 years.    For a variety of
styles^ including the Sailor Blouse" and plaited
Skirt offocts. . , ',       ' '
, [ I-,., i * ji •
• At $1.60-—Sizes 8 to 18 years, in fancy Ginghams
and in combinations of plain and checked Chambrays, Many of these dresses aro protlily trimni**
cd with embroidery and all aro woll mado and exceptionally good fits. n
i   '
White Waist Special
At 65o.—;Prcttily embroidered, elbow slccvca;
a waist that ia sold frequently at $1.00
At 08c—Embroidered Swiss and Nainsook
Waists* these aro regular $1,50 waists, only about
five dozen now in hand; sizes 32 to 42.   -**,
At $1,25,—Theso Waists.aro rogular values from
$1.75 to $2.50; thoro aro ovor 25 different designs,
nl), of which nro good. This is surely tho best
blouse valuo you havo over been offered.
Jtor auppllftl with the lmt Wtnea,
liquor* and Cigitnr
w. mv$>
*■ i *
liere ii is
Wailing for a
' FOR 8ALffi~aardeft produce, Ithu*
barbate.  Jos.Leonard Allan. (*i5_t*'tp
TO nBNT_—Tbr«i»*rooiajqd JJpow,
IUvor»ii|o Avonuo, Wert. ernU; iio a
nionth.  Jot. Leon-M-d Allan.'    (-Mt-jltp
FOR SALB-Elswlck Bloyiil*. on*
ot laadinf Drltlah nalcaa. iThrptt-
tpeeiitteet'OM* with otl tat. ; brakiw
fMrnt m4 l>««k; Inn. k*» «srri#r and
i,neaa lamp tomniele; verteet ordet;
naarly new.' ftlce $M,' Purther particulars at Loftier Offlco. *     Si np
Tart**   0*»^|r>
,'■',' -     ''.'•>       '
22 Acres Fruitland
-at Elkmouth
JM, /     '
Partly cloarcd and imdyfor
planting out'' Goorjf siroam
of pttro wator*-on proporty.
Ea«y terms. Address A.J.B.
District- t.dger/t'ornio, B.C.,
for particulars.


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