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The District Ledger Sep 16, 1911

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The Conservative Candidate Speaks to Large
> y; Fern i? Crowd ^ y
,»! _„-i. .-1-;.--,
steenkool ^..mijners,, ,<
♦ worden verzocht weg te bill-"'.-'
^ -,yen, van -Alberta. en Eastern   ^
«#l^ British' Columbia,' .daar ' de.-. _'
♦yWcrkstaklng '■ mog 'tilet Is - op ^+
♦'   geheverf   "','•:-/--,?*.. 7" ■-';*,'♦
♦ y*' wrr'.v.   .Jy^; ,^.'7: -v';."^
y .*- "7X^tie";.decorations'-"that; .graced.-the
---". \- 'platform of .the Grand Theatre'on-Tues
J,!w.'^!-day" night were most ^tastefully'arrang-
,;':',-vy«d,v the' blondlng^of"' colors such as
[yyyywould7i pledse' the .most •"critical!' eye,
l\~"- "\]?i',the ■' profusion1, of, flowers", of-,various
|r'*.y^ y'^klnds" and hues; conclusively proved-
7? '.y'.'.thaV. the '"science^ of.the floriculturist
W "•«-,v.;'\ finds -fertile; soil!"for,"development,in
- ,/7 thls'^locallty.y'^, Wh"dever7;,had icharge
Ir!'". \^yo"f the.&9"arrangements' is certainly 'en-
"' v^Itltled "ibygreat' praise 'for; tbe artistic
j ,sy "effects-produced.- ■ >- •• ' -'". *- ,'.' jv -,?^r,--J
t>'l: '- [:'>'t~'^xiS before; the meeting -began'stand
I .,^:-yying'iro6m.fjifBs\at ja-rpremlum;yand'if
I":V*"! "!• there^ have-been'any -gatherings'more
I-y ^rc'-numerously^.attendedYthan Jthei-one
I '••;:V^7|'which' "greeted"' McBi^de'^Gobdeve^and
|\. y'vyRoss it must" have ^een'because' on the
YT- ly previous occaslonsjthere^was.a prepbh-
,y "7,'derance of-.-thinypeople in "attendance
i ',-- /'-Looking^around tihe'vhairbne7 could
j,.; ■.-> y note that/practically.every point east
,i.".9 as far as Michel and west to Cranbrook
"-.'-,- had' its "ropres'entative" contingent:    ,
i    '<■■ .-     --    i -v'   * ; --.'■■'        ,   -
". -. yy.Mayor .Bleasdell occupied the, chair
7,y ,". and'discharged-.'-the^ duties'of his of-
7 -' >, -'f Ico, 'which were .by. no; means light,'
; "-«y in"his usual'.(happy^_style.-"", ^In ;hls
■"" y" remarks he'left n6Troom'for'doubt, "as
.. 4,*to'Where he- stood bnfthe question" of
Cs^-y Reciprocity^and^that„was^ flat-footed
y', 'tJrjCwltb." bothjfeet) .opposed Uo' it, henoe
■-;',. ..Lthere"" is.no hesitation; as'-to -,the -voie
i,j ,v"-*-he will cast; on -.the 21st: September. ,,
-. .K'SwWhile he-wason his'feet addressing
y u'"-y:the "gathering.j^lliainlAiintontaBked.
I "■ "''• '"j;' DTrom ^the-! body * of" ;the ■> hall, wh'ether,
! *,-,--1- u. questions 'would" ber allowed /and ^answ-7
y^yyy^'orM,' to', wnlch^ Mr.-,-Bleasdell:' replied.
. '!'"y'that fullppportunity ■would'Waccord-
i-;\ • y'ed.W-:Whereupori ^^T^B^nneUJ-rose
"*<7y;t"o his. feet and i«ald.'<that Inasmuch'<as(
-,; ;.tbe -promise ,atJ*previous*;meetlngs^of
',   J; i ,thoy Conservatives, had • been "vgl^en,
..,; '7-and -^then /the ^exigencies, ofi the"; case
7- - "(viewed,' of. course,- from * a-Conserva'
,7   .^tive standpoint)-had necessitated such
\, -y precipitancy.'.that "it was" not ".carried
' -    ,out; ho'had.beenjlelegated'to present
'" .;' a .number's.of' 'questions,, suggested by
;,, -different citizens and that this' method
" ywbuld^facllitnto matters, prevent con-
"fusion and leave no loophole for ovas-',
t, ^lorir as '.there were < questions for Mr.
■ ' Qoodovb; Mr. Robs,, and; ono.for the
yPremlory^ .Upon,the.-chairman stating that ho would bo, pleased to receive
„ them, and 'the three gentlemen, on the
''".platform'would thon handle them'"to
^'.tho'best; of 'tholr ability, tho onvolbpo
7containing tho) questions was!banded
.„ to/Mr.' Bleasdell' and by ,him passed
' over to the parties for .whom they wore
7. Intended for perusal.   •       *•- ,,,.;,
"'■ <rV   After Jho, Premier hnd;boen present-
' od w'Ith\th'o key to tho city, and inform'
'ed.that the,,-policemen's guns wero
'; ^ Bplked,,a,llttlo' girl,'camo from the
7 -wings with n huge bouquotwhich com';
' ,- plotelyhld, hor fncb, and. presontod
-. h it to tho Proraior.\yTh'o llttlo.maldon
'   'twas, wo aro Informed, tho daughter of
, „Mr, H.;W. Horohmbr * Tho Prbmlor
'thanked tho child,* for(tho gift In "a
,', fow words suitable • to, tho occasion,
• this concluded, tlie Chairman present-
•yod'W. n.'nosB as' tho first spoakor
,. of tho ovonlng.
,.  Mr, Rons, nftor oxprooslng his pica-
"  sure afforded of again visiting his
homo town, Jmmodlatoly grnspod hold
', of tbo,thread of his discourse, and wo
. aoknowlodgo, delivered, undoubtedly
,, tho boat spoocb of tho-ovenlng, vlowod
a from etthor a political or oratorical
standpoint   Ho quoted as nn authority an official of tbo Orow's Nost Coal
Co,, who was In, ntlondancoat ono
of tbo mootlngs of tho Board of Directors at(Toronto as stating that boforo
Reciprocity pact had   becomo   tho
groat topic of discussion, Mr, IBKas
* Rogers had said th'4t It would not'ma-
1 terlnlly affeot tbo b"slnoss, oxoept In
7!  so.far,that it might porhaps "affect in
x slight degroo the volume of business,
j!r In speaking of tho sending   of, ,thb
»i*>cjt»i, twiiu) to Cotti orovs; no ,said
\ '* iluil lie blllmuot liio tailed dlm.iv
"      tlbnnry powers In sunk matters^ but
i upon receiving notification of the fact
ho bad'immediately wired Mr, Thbmns
Uphill in reply aw*, tjint tho police woro
compensation to tho dependents of men
killed whllo at work snd his action in
, the matter, ho said that whenituis first
• enmo up for consideration be was in
.   the employ of tho Cosl company, and
tbat the best answer ho could make re-
Seattle/as "a* result ot, the* temporary
amendment of-the'regulations.     -
-. Following. Mr.;Ross, came^ Mr.*1 Goodeve, ; who .went * over * practically "the
same, ground as. he had covered at the
previous' meeting-regarding'the iVer-
vllle '^BiU-and^the''Japanese treaty,
making use of Hansard at considerable
lengtn" in 'support of;his contentions,
arid as- rebuttal ;t6! "the- argument' of
Mr...A:; J.-Fisher^'which were^so fully
repdrted^'inyThe'■.District' Ledger,, ln-
"eidentally criticizing""."the" language of
tbe"-headlines •^'yyii-."' '-,»-' y -. "»■ 7 v-
■■ •-•■' s ,-,- 1 '^:.'..<. -   -,'■-,.   ■* • ■      ^ :
,rVMr-.Goodeve, as an-evidence ofHhe
inconsistency tof !the 'leading Liberals
In-'thelr advocacy of: Reciprocity, read
a .reBblutldh': that was" forwarded, on
"behalfjotthe^lumliermeh of-the Kbol'e1
nays^tp Sir "Wilfrid Laurier requesting
tjiat3- restrictive -measures''should-.;be
placed.upon rough lumber from;the
;U.i Sybecausey the'1 millmeri south,, of
the .line* were fscriously^injurlng'tfie
marketj of * the-B.* C.X lumbermen>by;
their "dumping" •-policy/^']This*"was
signed ,hy Lester'Patrick "and- W. B.
Parris.y of,Nelson,- and.-M/A.' Mac-
donald^'This^same' ^gentleman,; rMr,
M.',A7 Macdonald Is now, the friend^nd
ally of .Dr.-, King-In^the present campaign;" who 'is" the "standard, hearer ot
the ".Liberal party and lespbuslng Re-
clproclty'"i«; '7'.\:v *■, vV y.- ,y -»
-; Replying _to - one vot "the 7. questions
touching.uppn the'" Taylor controversy,"
Mr.s Goodeve stated""Jtbat this 7ge'ntle;
man .-was 'flnancially7intefeste'd iri*„the
coal - property"• at7;Hi]licrest*durIng the
time-that fthere;was "a; dispute; there;
and5 realizing the' Impoftance7pf Jdoing
allVthat'was.possible to-promote peace
not.said tha^;m"iws^shbuld,be^sent
back-toVwprk^at^the," pointvof. the
bayonet'.iJi-'a^Tliese''words, -,said!,Mr.
Goodeve* had been piade. use of by the
.Laurier.'who in a.desplcable and-das-
'• tafdly manner^put .them 'lniEpythe
mouth-of Mr." Taylor/.';-. C'^if.Is11: ' ,
,0   • • , .     ,•    ••       ■ -   s, vv     ',-,* "
, ;Replying, toM'the.question\that- the
laupporters ,;of the Reciprocity';1 Pact
claim'that, IU will decrease ;the tax
p\i' staples, Mr," Goodeve 'stated., that
if they did-' have-a cheap "breakfast
what-was'the use'If you did, not'.have'
tho money with which-to.buy the1 commodities; and1 this we find ls the case
in other countries/nlso In tho Bafitorn
provinces.' 7- ' '".!' '7*,'"'' 7 •'■i't].fi<'
The"qupstlbn rogardlngjlabor power
as a commodity Mr. Goodeve considered he ."had •explained by < tho reply,
mado to., the, previous query.     " ;-',,i
\  ;After Mr.'-Goddovo"concluded "a
lengthy,speebhi bristling with citations
Krzuz Case Appeal
.^CALGARY.'Sept." 14.—Oh' Sfonday
morning at ten'o'clock, the 27th. Annual" Convention t- of the Dominion
Trades and Labor Council commenced
its* deliberations intthe.City o"f..Cal-
gary, '.with- 189", lab,or, representatives
In*'attendance.-iAtTthe opening -seV
slpnykddresses'of welcome were delivered hy the Premier of the Province,
the.Mayor-of,the.City of Calgary/and
the.jthree'.candidatesJ for "the'Dominion !'Parliament: - Bennett. (ConBerva-^
tiVe);yMasters' (Socjalist); - arid-Van
War"t»(Llberal)y ■- ,'* -,, - ,- ,- ■ ,7X:,
,v A.:- delegation^ consisting of most of
thelrepresentativesvInterviewed .'-'Pre;'
niler. Sifton in a body for the purpose
of"fdiscussing,-the".questionybf special
polite,' and-;pr"ot*3Sting, 'most eniphati-
cally" against-their employment. Spec-
ial^attentlon was called to some of the
incidents that .have, transpired' along
the^ Crow's Nest7y°The" Premier, after
listenirigrto'the statements made, promised that he would at once bring the
matter- to the,"attention'of the" Attorney-General's" Debarment, with a view
to taking such steps as would effect an
elimination of some of- the causes of
dissatisfaction. -   , ;   -     y', -    ,
Regarding the .'present-situation of
District" 181 the^following clause was
embodied in the,, officers' - report and
will be, a subject for dlscus'sln;to-morrow (Friday). ,\ -.-•yv >: •'.  •• '   '■ -
,, , The Lemieux Act _   <
*^Carefurenquiry"shouitt*"be madelnto
the cause .of the. Western miners, who
have not'been at'work, for-some time
and .whose- cases,, have just'recently
been Investigated by. a'.Board of Conciliation 'over .which' the Rev. C.\ V7;
Gordn"presided'. It is inconceivable
that'so many .'men should complain
-without a cause and,the Congress cannot spend its timo better than in hearing all that can be said- upon the subject. Recent logal decision -in the
West point to changes ln the Act, and
those should bo carefully considered.
Ten'o'clock to-morrow (Friday) morn-
ing'i'has'' been, appointed to give the
district the privilege^ of bringing tho
Krzuz Compensation case before the
CongrosB"for its consideration/ , Vice-
Prosldorit Stubbp, Soc.-Troas. Carter,
Board".Member McNab aocompanled
by .delegates McVoty nnd Wilkinson,
of'.Vancouver, Bancroft and "Bruce,
'fromlTorpnto'; attended Bankhead this
evening and" addressed a large and 'enthusiastic meeting of the rainoworkers
of that local'.of tbo U. M. W. of A.-'1
• Tbe speakers were loudly applauded
as thoy took- tholr rdspcctlvo plnceB.
'CALGARY, Sopt. IB—(Special to"the
Ledgor.)--Tho election rosultod in J.
0. Wattors; of Victoria, as president;
Bancroft, of Toronto, vice-, nnd P, M,
Draper ro-olectod as Bocrotary. flltua;
tlon'of DlBtrIct'18'l8uudor dlsousslbn
how and hopo to bo ablo to send' a
little moro" Information tonight. '    *
Itcht, I. thought there; would'/be a
scabbe, MlgyrliyfA, mean, ;low,^BC*urvy
fellow;. Shakespeare. ^'Rudyard Kipling, ^1899/ "-'?: ?7 ,_■ -y^" {., \
. Slang.'and Its Analogies, .Vol.'^ VI.:
Henley; page lOT-^cab—A / lousy,
scabby/' nasty," scurvy,. skulking lubberly noodle:"" /-.>/!. 7 ,7",',
"Kipling, 190()!,^Stalky &.C0., page
71—"You're--Three- Beastly Scab's."
"He'B a regular.'%'ab."-' -   - "'
/ Henley,, page 1^7—A .workman who
refuse's" tb join,, bricontinues< at" work
during'*"a,etrikV;-,;a blackleg;.generally
applied' to'^all non-union men.',
.Twelfth!: Niglit/shakespeare' — "Out,
Scab'!!''''"' '',-'.,, 7,'^ :^     -     "■  "-,-■•",
1890," Leeds' -Mercury,,, 1 July—Many
of them, acted as"*plckets with the ob
ject of "preventing any strangers commonly known'as\''scabs" or "blacklegs"/from entering the works.
' -* Westminster" Gazette,. Sept.. 30, 1905
VrScabs./A. surplus of labor which can
be relied. upon to; scab on ^thelr^neigh:
bors-* ,when '/these rebel -against the
capitalists.     \''i%? •   '   "   '";''-;,"
•'.'Chicago:Tlme'SfJJune 11, '-18867~it
-was decided tp^'stop the purchase of
what-is* termed', scab heer today/" -
s*Columbus, Ohldf Dispatch, Sept. 27,
1893yTh'eir - rules prohibit them to
work along with scab workmen.—Ex.
,-*'     -'   ■'' ".'"' ,"'s", ,T -   * ■
1      '      > '        l t
"■       , > '     J ■   Vv- • •'--',
Conditions Prelty Rotten
When the Slant-Eyes
7 Refuse to Work ■'...
Regina Men to be Sent
to Prevent any Posy
sible Trouble y
' To proyont rioting in tho coal districts during tho coming months tho
*7orth-W«8t Mounted Police nt Ito-
glna aro gradually drafting troops to
points outo'do 'Lethbrldgo, Calgary,
and other areas, At present It Is not
feared that any, serious disturbances
nro likely to take plnco but tho authorities aro anxious to do all ln tholr
potvor to prevent any, unnecessary
scenes at a time when tho offoots of
tho strike will bo moat ncuto. '.
Not only> to points -In Alberta -nro
tho soldiers being reinforced but a
itotaohmont of mon havo also boon
sent to the coast, where thoy aro under orders to romsln for tho winter.
In'tbo event ot tlto strike bolng ov-
ortod boforo that time tho mon will
be sent tiack to lUiglnn,—Medicine- Hat
Dally News,
•     \ «'eOAD"
   Ai an instance of tho jrowlnir Im-
gardllig tho vlow the electorate, badlport*noe,of Oaynos Lake tbo firm of
taken of Ws actions wss tho fact that Tfefonr'y Hrothers h«v« d«flld<»d to e«-
tahllsb a brancb.bf tlo^r buslnosi at
that place, with Mr. James Ilsddad as
manager. It Is tho Intention to carry
a full lino of furnishings similar to
that which tbsy havo to Fernie, and
will no doubt find an excellent opening for, tbelr wans In, tb* Kootonis
District,   ,
they had returned hlro to tho houso at
Victoria. " '. t
.. Ut then went Into considerable long-
tb. crttltlng tbo actions of W. D,
fleott, of tbe ImmlgratfOn TJeptrtment,
/or allowing aliens tO enter who bad
boen contracted to como over to do rail
rosd work 1>y employment sgenetes In
In defending n machinist picket who
hnd boon arrested without warrant nnd
ngolnst whom tho obnrgo of "provoking an aBBnuIt" was finally placed because he called a scab a scab whon bo
bumpod him- on tho street's, Thomas
B, MaoMahon, attornoy for tbo Moch-
Inlsts' Union, compiled tho following
definitions and presented thorn for tho
dofonso,\ Tbo picket was ncaultfod
without other testimony-
Wobstors' International Dictionary,
page-,1281—J.'A nickname for a workman who ongagos for lower wngoa than
nro fixed by the trados union* nlno
for ono who tnko» tho place, ot a work-
man on a Blrlko. A mean, dirty, paltry follow."
Standard Dictionary Twontloth, Century, Kdltlon, poA« 1500—"A workman
who, dooB not belong to or will not
Join or act with a labor union.'
Selected N. Y. Cases. Vol. I, pago
262, 1811—Tfio offending member was
tbon.tormod a scab and whorevor ho
was employed no others of tho socio* y woro allowed to work, "Mr. 1
Abbott askod Passflold li! he had not
told htm ho board Hall call Harris n
Oxford Bnglliti Dictionary, Advance
Snoots, July 1, 1010.
Woofer, n«g«i> 1278—A dirty, paltry
follow; a shabby fellow, Tbo loath-
Ernest scab In Qroccc- Obalccapcarc
Standard. Dictionary, pago 1590—
Scab—A workman who refuses to Join
an organised movement on behalf of
his trade, .',   "
Tho Oxford ISnglltta Dictionary, Jnly
t; Wo, page* 1fM nnd lW~AppUo«f to
moral or spiritual disease.* Much Ado
Aoout Nothing, - Borrow;   "My dbo
.■ Mr.AS Goodeve came to the defence
of his- colleague, ?Mr George Taylor,'
Conservative'member for Leeds, Ont.
This-; is" praiseworthy. Mr. A S Goodeve said:j,"I-am'sending you by this
mail "acopy of'Hansard containing'the
whole debate" on ,th'e subject,", and yet
we^Jlrid thaUiri" July there was-still
further discussion-when the correspondence was7brdught In by Mr King, and
as these proceedings were reported in
Hansard it-.is'ohly, reasonable to suppose that*'all \tfie -M.P.'s were aware
of- this* factyhence our interpretation
of' ''whole'^an'd''*Mr. Goodeve's* do not
coincide, t ^TWsJ.may be "politics,"
but'by*nd''means*"politio._ s \ i- .„
•* That1 Mr.^Tayior did not actually use
the • words'^ascflbed ' to, him is .true,"
.butaLwhatTJse^did-say—was:-^—-.. ■,>.■■'
• ''••"\"-i -././if "-settlement* is not
reached" thV mine owners should  be
- allowed - to slmport inen .whom . the
' Government,shouid protect with sol-
7 diers,./ /.. "v^ -y • y •-
- .'   7 \ '!Yours faithfully,       Y
- ~\::-\ /"! ' .GEORGE TAYLOR."
■ We. make no' comment leaving the
Inference to be' drawn by our readers,
as to"the* purport of Mr. Taylor's observations/as [per the above'extract,
' 'In order that we may not be misunderstood/will state were It not for
the^ correspondence containing matter
which,we consider would bo bad taste
at this Juncture to reproduce verbatim,
not ,-a'partial," but the whole of tho
day's proceedings from Hansard would
have been printed.-
• In 1909, Mr. George Taylor was'very
much Interested financially ln the Hlll-
creBt Minos, and It was at a tlmo whon
there was a dispute there that ho visited tho mines, later engaging* In the
correspondence at prcsont.undor consideration.,        y'7 ; '",iv '-,''" '"
Wo may say <jf Mr."Taylor,"that his
correspondence shows conclusively lie
was"'very much alive to" his class' Interests, and whon tho, mon;had refused to-go to work, tho wholo trend
of his suggestions shows that, If ho is
consistent ln his own contltuenoy that
thoro will bo no protestations mndo'by
blm during his campaign that ho Is a
friend of tho workingman.
Ho, wan a former whip of the Conservative party, consequently cannot
bo charged with nny loss of ability ln
that lino by tho tranflfcr of his sphere
of Influence from tho political to tho
Industrial arena,
' BANKHEAD,'Alta., Sep 16—(Special
to Ledger)—Briquette, started Tuesday, 12th '^Brlquetters.qult and surveyors,- Dougall and Longmore-work-
ing in strikers places. : Chinese refused to' work on' slack dump following day,, but .were forced out during
the day.- 1" Special ..policemen guard
them. '' Resembles the negro , compounds of African mines; a startling
example of slavery,and bondage" In
free Canada," and an instance of whit
will become of Canadian workors with-
out unionism. Men firm here; everything quiet.—Wheatley, Secy. Local 28.
♦ ♦
' All coal miners are urged
stay away from Alberta-and
British Columbia, as the strike
•       /   \
Is still on.
By"   Frank * J   Hayes,   Vice-President
' United Mine Workers of America. .
Fornlo, 11. C„ Sopt, 15, 1011
The District Ledgor, Cltj>—
Dear Sirs,—I nm enclosing you horo-
with copy of nn opon lettergram which
I am sending tonight to tho Honorable
W, II, Hobs, nnd trust that tho pooplo
hero may bo favored with n Joint do-
bato oarly next week.   >
\ Yours truly,
« . ALEX. I. pisnnn.
Fornlc, D, C, Sopt. 16.1911
Honorable W. R Ross, Minister of
Lands, Victoria, D C.-i-
-,1This^is Labors holiday—aday when
the character, and progress of labor is
reflected in parades -and addresses.
Too often this day is commercialized
and- devoted rto the ^advertisement 'of
capitalists-politicians and the "business
Interests.'' *'• It should be a day for the
display of, the class"spirit of tbe men
of, labor,' and the education - of the
workers' In the'rudiments of social
\ The'.real Labor Day is Election Day. i
and "asl the ."workers^ march, so should
tioh'-of'.their class. "m This,-1 am glad
to sayrjs."rapidly becoming the accepted* view, of the men In the ranks of organized labor',,and as the rank and file
awake, so you-will find-an awakening
in the ^servant of labor, the so-called
leaderY ;hThe Labor Leader generally
is a reflepc of the intelligence manifest
ed^by.the men In the ranks" .In other
word's, It the Labor would bo free and
pait'ake'of the'blessings of our modern
civilisation, the men in the ranks must
strike .the blow.-- It is tlmo for Labor
to quit lookir-p for n leader to-load it
oi'i" of the dhrknt'ft3 Into the promised
land.     The. prophet Moses has, boon
dead, lo, tticBo "many years,, and tho
futuro Moses must bo found in tho
organization of 'tho whole body" of Labor into a compact'army, that daros to
think, that dares' to act, and knows
how to' fight, each-mart a poor among
his follows, for the alms and aspirations of a now sbclnl' ordor, based
upon equity and truth and tho principle,of universal co-oporatlon.   "
The day of individualism, like tlio!
day of tho tho simple hand  tool, has
passod away never to return.     No
hand call stay tho tide of evolution
and ovolutlon points straight to tho
Socialistic commonwealth,   Teddy, tho
"trust'buster,' tho groat Individualist,
admitted tho other day, before a con-)
gresslonal commlttoo, that ho could
not   copo   with tho   United States
"Steal" trust, nnd rather than boo his
beloved constituents suffer, bo agreed
to   the   destruction   of   tho   principle    of    competition    as  Jt.  applied   to   tho TonnesBoo   Coal   nnd
Iron Company,   This admission Is significant nnd points to the early dissolution of (our boasted compotltlvo
system of society.     It this be truo
nnd wo'lt tako Roosovblt's word for
It, If wo can't control tho trusts, what
is tho matter with tho pooplo"owning
tho trusts"
Tho Socialist party ban a practical
program In doallng with this question
whllo tho capitalist parlleti, the Siamese twins, are visionary and ridiculous In their ndvocaoy of trust busting, If cooperation ns exemplified,
by tho trusts Is a good thing for tho
few,' It ought to bo a good thing for
tho groat army of the disinherited—
tho* workers—out of whono sweat and
blood theso Institutions woro created.
For murder they are ln most cases,
the cold-blooded, wanton, doing-to-
death of men and boys by the deliberate neglect of reasonable precautions through the insatiate greed for
profit of the "capitalist class. At the
mines under the Coal Mines Act there
were'-1,242 separate fatal accidents,
causing 1^775 deaths. ( Compared with
1909 there was an increase of 60 in
the numberof accidents, and of 322 in
the number" of persons, killed. Tho
death date of the underground workers at these'mlnes was 1.91 per 1,000
persons employed as against 1.61 in
1909, and the death rate of^the surface workers was .76 per 1.000 employed as against. 67 in the previous year." - For young persons employed' underground the. death rate
was 1.77 per 1,000 as compared with
1.49 in/.the previous year, •.and', for
those on the surface 1.03, as against
0.62.   . , ,
. Thus,' in every direction' there was
a distinct and serious increase In the
number of deaths. - And, as the Inspector says: "The ratio of deaths per
1,000,persons ls. the proper criterion
of comparison to adopt," and we have
to go back to^the year-1890 to find a
higher, death rate from all causes underground—viz., 2*.09 per 1,000.' -That
year/ like', the year under review, was
marked by serious'colliery explosions,
the comparative death-rates from explosions ,,being: .- 1890,*...57. «.1910,P
.59 per „ l,000."y Thus, the death
rate from 'explosions-;was higher In
1910 than" in .the .previous worst year
on record twenty* years earlier. And
we know that some of the worst explosions of last year might have been
prevented by reasonable   precautions.
Labor. Movement Doesn't
Depend/on Grime for
^   Its: Success
OAKLAND/ Cal, Sept 9.—Justification "of organized labor's criticism of   ,
the courts for their anti-labor application of the^ Sherman law,  denuncia-  \
tion of the„.methods of the detectives'
In the MeNamara case and a warning- •
to big business that it", was making [a "
fatal, mistke- in-opposing , labor  or-   ,
ganizations, were features of an;ad-  -.'
dress made at the Rice institute hereby Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor.       ' '*'   "-
"Big business isorganlzed complete-" '
ly and efficiently,' declared iGompersi
!'and it is manifestly illogical for'big . '
business to deny -our' right similarly
to organize,   • Big business purpose ls *
to crush the labor. movement and it,
may be expected to do^anything it can
to outlaw- labor. .■
^.. ,,, f
"The fact is that unionism is out- -
iawed right today under the' recent -
interpretations by the courts   of  the
Sherman- anti-trust law. . And in the
same breath the "Standard, Oil Company and the tobacco trust .have been  '
told, to rob the people in some other'
way and have,been given six months   .
to find th& way.
Referring to the Initiative, referen-'. c
dum and .recall,'Gompers declared ho, ,
was glad for the progress - that was fi.
being made toward securing these pro--'
visions for the people.    He said labor
had stood 25 years-for the "recall.and,""
-- 9
hau'usea^t^in us own sessions.'.    „ ,-.
"How long,"-he asked,-"if we_had,.y-
the recall .would »' such /judges.. as."""
Wright and - Handford    retain,  their
1t775—coiiierTTaiIel=mufderea—In • a"
single year.     ''".        .'; y
' -The tale, of fatalities, in 4the „Boer
was in" three years on the British side
amounted to, 20,00."    Peace hath, her] places?'   It is a well known fact that
ylctorles no iess^renowned^tban-war.jI any lawyecvrilV-accepUany^side- of*
and'she has her slaughter.'also.'   'The any.case if the fee is large enough.
collier going to his daily toil runs a
risk a" third as great as that of a soldier going into,battle; and still .there
are people who howl with Indignation
at the demand-of the collier for" a living wage!" Thoy think ho should" be
satisfied with the, wages of sin—death.
—N.Y. Call.        '^ '.     . .
Government Considering
Possibilities to Meet
Future Trouble
Daar Sir,—I understand that you
aro expected to bo In Fornlo nut vo,rmBdTtnlS;""Mi" througi.™ tlm
1 week and Intend lo take nnr In the      .        \ J
political campaign now pending.  In
order.that tho locnl doctors may
- hnvo tho opportunity ot voting ottor
.a tree and full dlscusilon rather
limit after a "still hunt," I would
suggost that we should arrange for
LONDON, Soptombor 8.—"Notlonnll-
cation of tho railroads' Is to bo tho remedy of tho British government against the recurrence of the recent great
strike. Tho cabinet today 1ms a
scliomo prepared by exports. This
will bo submitted to tho noxt oosslon
of parliament,
Tho present tlmo offers an opportunity ?or whloh administrations havo
boon socking for many yearn, The
nharoholdorn nro also favorable to tho
national control of railroads now, Thoy
say thnt to bo 'bought out" at this
tlmo would moan rich fortunes, because tho roads havo , boon making
much money, This would moan that
tho government would bo forced to pny
fabulous prlcoH,
Tbo British taxpayers could, afford
almost any burden bccauHO strikes like
tho last ono aro ruinous lo the country
and forco prices to tho sky, Another
big railroad strike lasting a week
would paralyzo the country aB much
as a hostile Invnolon,
Our Judges come'from'the ranks* of.
our lawyers.   , How do'they   becomo
sanctified   when   they   ascend   the •
bench?     What change's them7' * Wo    -' -
hear talk of the independcnco'of Judges
but Judge's are not Independent.    Tlie '
Jurists of the federal benches are .dependent upon   tho   corporations   fo'r
their appointments, nnd there is not'
pne of. them, but has served corporate
wealth after  .corporate   wealth   has
given hlnrhls Job.",,,, '/    •   . .   -'
.' Referring lo tho'^MoWomara,, qaso;> ^,-,..4^ ■     'I
Gompors Bald; ', .      ,. 7"'""'"7V"fv^tni.yj#l'J
'"TIjIb business of mnn stealing by "
Detccllvo William' J. Burns and other * ■ -
detectives has got to stop.     Never
havo wo hoard of a Rockefeller, Van-  .
dcrbllt, Astor or Morgan being kid-
nnppod whon charged with crimo,   If
Hums was so' sure of his ovldcnco
against theso mon, why, did ho ntoal'
them away as ho dld?r,   Tho trust was ,
unable to buy John -MeNamara. so It
is trying to hang him.
"Tho labor .moyomont doos not do-
pond upon crime for Its success. Crime
ls not only abomlnnblo In Itself, but •
tho labor -cauoo doos not noed It.
Murder Is Indefensible and crime Is
unpardonable. Wo nro going to assume that the McNamaras aro Innocent becnuBo wo know why thoy aro
chargod with Mils urlmo.
"I worn tho omployoM' anBaciatlonn
that aro fighting labor that thoy nro
making tho grontOHt mistake of their
oxlstonce. It will bo far, far hotter
for ihem to meet tho unions rationally and' troot with thorn, Unionism '
thoy can never extormlnnto."
NEWCASTLE, Kng.. Sapt. 4.—Thoro
li nn tinimunlly widespread Intercit
In tho annual meeting of tho Trades
Union Congress, which opened horo
today. Five hundred and fifty-four delegates wero proHcnt, representing
1,007,000 members, which Is considerably In oxcouH ot anything heretofore
known In the deliberations of labor,
„ President Mulllri claimed that tho
rv-ujj ir'Uj niiiO, Mid <iMil<iil,Ul<Jii,
nnd up with tho banner of industrial
freedom, When Labor shall have at-
tnlnert this end, thon, for tho flrnt
time in the history of a greod cursed
Ktna-drnwn  noonv of nrhttrnMen  hm!
No one believes thnt tho   present I «bo»t reached Its limit.    Tie denounc
ed tho railroads* policy ot non-recoRnl-
n Joint debate to tako plow In Fernio 1 cnoh Ul)0r ^.-.Chicago Socialist
boforo Thursday next on tho Issues
now before tho people .especially ns
thoy affoct the Interests of'your constituents In tho Fornlo riding, each
of us to bo allowed,©dual tlmo In
the debate, tin* order of speakers
to bo determined by lota and tbo
first speaker to havo a fow tnlnutes'
right of reply,
I am taking tbo liberty of sendlnr
a ropy of this lettergram t6 the local
papers so thnt a meeting may bo
anticipated by tbe public, and an
fmnMdMto rapty would greatly ollUe
Yoars truly,
ALEX. 1, P1D11EH
British Employers Also Show No Con-
csrn for Humsn Life ^
According lo the report of th* Hrlt-
|*h chief Inspector of mines for 1010,
that year w*n,i a record ono for fatalities to miners, These are called
dtia'hs from accidents, *W« bavo no
hesitation In giving tbsra the ugllor
name of murder, says London Justice.
truce between tho railroads and tholr
workers Is moro than temporary.
Government ownership of tho road a
would operate so satisfactorily that
Rtrlkes would lie nt nn end nreordlntr
to general opinion.
Military authorities havo for years
boon urging that tbo government acquire tho railroads from tho point of
view of national defense nnd military
transportation In lime of war. Lord
llnldano, Secretary of War, is unremitting In his advocacy, and his Influence with tho cabinet Is great.   ,
Present Intentions are to give
shareholders a cboleo-ejther to os
bought out for cash or to take government stock, If tho former method Is
chosen it will mean that • large losn
«lll U*v» to be Moated, but th* second
alternative would cost tho nation rs»
Mtlvely nothing.
tion of tho unions, and sharply criticised tho Government for employing soldiers for strlko duty,
Ono of tho larfcor proposals to be
ronnlderod Is the fusion of the various
organizations Into one grand national
federation,, to ho called Iho Lnbor Conr
Cress, with tho object of better furthering tho solidarity of lnbor.—ICx.
On Sunday afternoon (weather permitting) tho "Pernio City Band will (appear on Victoria Avenue at 4.30 and
furnish sweet sounds for th# betvoflt of
the cltlcens. We understand that it
is their Intention to bave the medals
that they were the successful fontest-
ants for at l^thMdge recertlljr, on
exhibition. *r&\   -*^*»&<?\z%^\F&^£,&*-~&   -'   V,-y y>\y<-Hi?^rr<; -xyr-
KWWrfi'tT^," ^if-f yAT^yv
The Liberal meeting on Wednesday
night, when Dr.'King,- M7A: Macdonaid
^and others addressed the electorate of
Fernie, was;of,such proportions that
even the Grand Theatre, could not
contain '.'tin? crowd, consequently an
auxiliary meeting was held ' in the
Fernie Opera House. -'        y
As we give so/much space this'week
to tho* speeches'.themselves we deem
it 'superfluous jto'"ma"k*e any cdrameiit*
thereon. l    J       _/
'Dr.'King's Speech     .*,
Mr. Chairman,' ladies and gentlemen;
I am sure it gives me great pleasure
to have this opportunity of addressing
should have; free^1 trade. '-_ In fact, J.he
agreement entered- into -between Great
Britain and the-United States on that
occasion-;'was,exactly the.same agreement -as-./the one\we are-asked- to-
ratify now. . We know also that under,
that-agreement', between 'the,-years
1S54-and-1865, the" people of,Canada?
received great, benefits from tlie trade
which ,'tHey carried * on -to 'the "south.
We will also find, if we consult history,1
that the American people _ questioned
whether it "would be good "for them,
and there was some opposition with'
regard to .the treaty." -In 1855 the
strong argument of. the people oppos-
such a large audience in the City of'ed to the treaty"on,the American side
Fernie.' 7 Ab1 we  came  through  the was that under the treaty the Canadian
door it appeared to us that- it would
be necessary, owing to tbe 'great number'of people who aro compelled to
stand during the discourse, to hold, an
overflow meeting, and I believe Mr.
people had had the'balance of trade
in their favor. If that v^aspso between
the years 1854 and 18C5, when our coun
try was not" united, as-it Is''today, I
claim, and I think I, claim justly that
Macdonaid has proceeded to the other j now that'we are united under the Dom-
" opera house where he will speak" for
*, an hour.     After I am through with
my discourse I propose to  go over
there myself and address,, the people
there, and Mr .Macdonaid will then be
able to give you his views on this great
, question of reciprocity which has been
,.placed before you for ratification by
the government of the Dominion.    We
■want to, discuss this, matter, freely",*-arid
we want everybody""to;"be comfortable.
There". Isv only ons: question- before
the Canadian people today. , Our, Conr'
servative friends /at'   Ottawa,' some
weeks ago,'contended that'-tho government should submit the" question of J given it much attention.  -
and   Mr.   McBride .have"
reciprocity to the people, and in ourj
form "of government, "iwhile the, majority rules, it is possible.for the minority to obstruct and to carry.that ob-
structionto such-an exent as'to seri-
, ously interfere with the < operations of
the house and the business of the coun-
.   try.     Sir Wilfrid Laurier considered
he was "obeying the mandate of the
■   people in attempting to effect legisla-
.. tion that would result in an agreement
'such as -wo bave before us today, and
- it is well known that our Conservative
friends  in   the Dominion  of Canada
have always contended that reciprocity
J 'was one of the' planks in their own
•   platform".   •" We know that Sir. 'John
--A.'Macdonaid; in 1870", when'he'introduced the national policy, > placed in
the customs tariff a standing/offer to
the United States that "any time'they
were'prepared-to give to Canada free
".trade in natural products, that not the
 <nJ,A.i1 ~_A« -i-lAH.n.l.* » ~1. i.1 lit* £
-^'^cviuxj—\jl~~ uauaua,—nui— iuc-nuuat?~UL"
Commons0 would pass an act of that
kind, but the .- Governor-General    in
. Council would be the authority; so I
think you will -quite agree with me
that  when   Sir Wilfrid  Laurier  had
secured an agreement that the people
of Canada had desired - for some 45
or 50 years, he had good grounds for
■his contention that the parliament of
the country should support, that bill
But our Conservative friends    said:
"No, we will  obstruct It;   we won't
" allow  this  measure  to go  through,"
■<   and while wo in Western Canada expected before tho next election came
ulong that wo would have, on nccount
of our increase ,111 population, an In-
j   creased- representation, still, owing to
the obstruction raised by our Conservative friends, Sir Wilfrid sal*: "Well,
you say you, want lo appeal to tho
, people on this quostlon of reciprocity,
so wo will put it before them."    As
fnr os we aro concerned, we nro anxious Hint tho Issue should bo decided
by tho pooplo, becauso wo feel that
tho masses throughout Cannila nro ln
favor of tho proposed arrangement.
Ilnvlng token up tho glovo thrown
down by our opponents, ono would naturally oxpect that tho Conservatives
would bo only too willing and-anxious
to fight this campaign on tho actual
Ihsuo; hut aflor hoorlng tho speakers
who were, hero last night (tho Hon.
Premier Mcllrldo, whom wo all res-
1*001, though wo don't agree with his
politics, and Mr,.C,oodov<\ who woh
our laHf reprcBonlnllvo I ntbo Dominion Nmi«o [v( Ottawa) after heating
thOHO speakers last night, I Hay, I am
mire you will all agree with me thnt
the campaign cnrrl<.fl on by tho op-
nonnms of reciprocity In not actually
being fought nH n campaign against reciprocity, nnd thoy nro persistently In
ttoduclng other Irrelevant questions
Into tho real and Important Issue which
the people* aro nskod to decide, As far
nn the pooplo of Canada aro concorned,
, nnd the pooplo of Hie Koolenay ills
Irict, I claim that thoy hnvo ono Issue
nnd only ono tssuo boforo them, nnd
that Is whether they consider reel pro
city will lie good for them or not. I
Mieve. thnt In the wile Irisue boforo
the people- today. Ot course, during
previous rnhipalgns there have been
n great many other Ibsuoh, but after
tho aland taken by our frlonds, a fow
months ago, that this this tariff quo*
tion Htiould be pjnecii before tho people
u/ il,x, ujuinU) tot tht'tr tsxpruAKioii ot
opinion, I claim that reciprocity Is not
a party qwnttmi, nnd shenld net be
made n matter of party politics at oil.
When  Premier MrDrJde comes  Into
inion federation, now that we have
developed our country and our natural
resources-to such an extent that we
are today producing very much' more
than we were at that period, a similar
condition,of affairs will exist and the
balance of trade will be with Canada,
and the' Canadian people-will'derive
yery'Jgret advantages on account of
that' trade.' '■. - , . , •' ,
"51 don't think it is necessary for me
to consider with you.what the agreement means, but as I have travelled
through the country I have found that
there  are  some" people  who haven't
Mr. Borden
stated, that
tion.. 7". (Mr7 King reads quotations.)
• In- -1893- there-'wasVa, convention of
the ;'L3titer"ais':h*eld7rn "'Ottawa, and I
believe;'-a' iresolutldn" was passed7 hi
which Sif^Wilfrid 'Laijrier pledged^ him
self-'to/ secure/an- arrangem'entrwith
The. United'States''such as the one you
have before/you'today,"and...that' .was
the-,Is"sue on' which they "went, before
the''people "-iri" 1896 '- When ,they ;were,
returned" to/powery that was not .an*
iBsu<tln..th'e Western portions-of/Can-'
ada.'but it wasptk<s issue at that'time
in Eastern Canada—Ontario, Quebec";
Nova' Scotia, New Brunswick. 7-SIr
Wilfrid Laurier was returned to power
on that issue, and I/claim-, that any
party that has gone before tho.people
and represented- to* thejh "that they
could secure , an ■' agreement- of this
kind have invariably been sustained
and returned to power,' and it will .happen- again on» September- 21st/ (App.
lause.) . When the Government' were
refused, this'r.gifoment in 1897, SU*
\\'ilf rid/took a 'liferent stand. .s ITe
made. a. statement in. Olcawa- that a3
I.'i' ns he and his party were concerned they .were* not going to'Washington
again bag in hand, and that they .would
undertake to develop the * trade : -,of
Canada along .other lines, and-on jacj
count of that we had 4he( Brltislrpro*-
fererice. - The British- preference'.was
introduced 'in 1897 by' Sir Wilfrid LaU-
government.     At that,time' the
"' --j-cr-.-sfir*-
this district~I--have met/s'pme.oWhem'
—who "say.V'I/dQn't'seerwhy^w'e should
give 'to*. the-* American; people7'^6me-'
Lthing' which't-theyi refused'jto-. us -.years.
agpVy ifln/.otJK^
ciif'pf£tlieir"rioses/.tp!spite .their own
iniow.^that QgYtain condiUons&h'aVe_aris;
.en; bni tHe^thg"\oth"er cSde'l-^TnevAm-.
erlc'arifpeople-' have pfqceeded'aiqng 'on"
■a' high; tariff,7-,they ha've-**fiadf a^large
immigTation;";and they have"'built-up,a
great country,-but'we alsqvknow7that
that building up* has b*eeii:at-7the ex:
,pense of the masses, and today we. find
that the political party,who have their
ear t'o jheground.all the,tinie have|re-
alized., that .if-they w.ere'-going^to 'remain - in' power^or secure power-,"7Jt
meant.a.reduction in tariff, because
tlio; massesihad/nbt'/had'" fair.1 ""treatment. 7 And so aye' find the Republican party during" the last year Prepre-
senting to thVp<?ople that if^tKey were
returned to power they would,,under-
'take'/to lower the duties" andytariff.
.They had-control of Congress, "arid^Mr,
Taf't, the .president. apparently.'-saV/
tho" wisdom -, of-"' listening to< the t de-
Mf^TKing, said'""he\woul"d4 Be JTglaaitb
the agreement is'no good for Canada,
audi therefore,"there are certain Conservatives' amongst the people who are
quite satisfied to accept the views of
their leaders bn the question. ' Now,
as I have, stated before, I claim it is not
a party question, and I have had ample
evidence of this in the' last three
weeks. During that period I have travelled through the western portion of
tbis-district, and I have had on my
platform, speaking in' the interests'! of
reciprocity, many very prominent "Cbn-
seryatlves.^ and although Mr. McBride
has had the hardihood to say that', lie
has undertaken to deliver seven'seats
in British Columbia to Mr. Borden on
the 21st of September, and last'.night
stated that he had the Conservatives
and Socialists with him, and'only wanted to talk to the Liberals,' still/1 have
come to Fernie with thedetermination
party, arid party politics.-''' '(Applause,
and cries of-Hear, hear!)  ,y"-
I wish/to say that/the. people of
Canada and the people' of Kootehay
particularly, will receive distinct, advantages under-the new tariff agreement. I believe I can do that by fair
argument, and in'that case I will ask
you gentlemen to lay aBldo your paTty
principles and vote on this, occasion
for yourselves. .''
The agreement itself deals with free
trade not only in the products of tho
farms and the seas," but it also deals
with the products of our forests. Under tbis agreement w« acquire certain
advantages as far os tho lumber industry Ib concorned, nnd we will deal with
thoso advantages' a little later.
Tho agreement nlso deals' with the
product of the coal mines of this country, "
Outside of thoso things that I have
mentioned thoro Ib Just ono othor very
Important matter which I don't think
Premier Mcllrldo mentioned ."In his
discourse to you last night. If ho
had discussed tho matter fairly I think
ho might have told you that under this
ngroomont tho Canodlnn people will receive this ono very Important advantage. Ab tho condition,of affalrn Is
today tho United States' Government
maintains a genernl tariff ngnlnal Canada of about 4B por cont. , Up to thin
time tho Cnadlnn pcoplo.havo maintain
cd n tariff against,tho United States
of about 21 por cenL,>';.Al loost, Uioho
aro the figures, that Mr. Goodovo
quotes, and I am quite flatlnflod to
accept them. Now, under this proposed reciprocity treaty there Ik a general levelling up of tho tariff botweon
tho two countrlofl, the American pooplo have reduced their tariff ho that
tho pooplo of Canada' will have tho advantage of Helling (o thorn on tho Bumo
terms Hint they ore selling. I don't
think any man In this audlonco will
say thnt thnt In not a distinct advantage to tho people of this country, no
matter wlmlhor ho IioIuiikh to Hie Con-
Rcrvntlvo, Liberal or any other party.
That is. I think, the whole agreement.* It deals with (he natural pro-
iJuetH and gives free trade in bupIi
pindiirts. For years the Conservative
party havo contended that thoy were
tho' only party thai could secure nn
arrangement of that, kind. After the
troaly wns abrqgalod In 38GB. nnd from
mat, time oown to the preneni time.
i.l,<e Vu»in.it Ain«? 6'vjo;uuu>.uiC tmi
Ciinadlsn «Utc-«men going to Washing-
ion time and lime again. For whatf
To secure Just this agreement, Sir
John A. Macdonaid wont himself; Sir
IIU*  UlfelttU, Hill)   Jvflfcllijil*  10 Tnil'KB AiVI.AlrtM   i'tJJ'itl   'Mfclil SiUfiMsiS,  JUKI  111
Conservative'.'party opposed the, preferential agreement with Great Britain,
Although they'say today it is' going
to be interfered "with"," and' seera. to be
very anxious about it, this loyal'party
—this -lip-loyal party
British preferential.^
the..people> of'.Canada give preferenre
lo Great Britain'"they .should get some
.thing in"}return."'"- 'But .Sir, Wllf-Ai
'Laurier, wise statesman that he is conceded to be, not-only in Canada but
throughout the.whole British Empire,
took the bold'stand1 that so far as Canada* was concerned she was anxious
to build" up,a larger trade with Great
Britain; .arid, if ".'the granting:to them
of a preference in our markets -would
"secure aUarger" trade* for our products
which we'had^.'to sell, that he and his
Government were willing to give it
to them!""" They gave the preference
to Great Britain/and our Conservative
friends'-said' they" were'going to ruin
th« whole", of ythe ' manufacturers
throughout Canada. What has happened?** -Has th*o Canadian manufctu-
mands of the,masses on.th~e other.side.
They "have-built; 7up there7a great population, a consuming population',- and
that b"eing,:the"rcase it/was/necessary
for' them-to secure from'other" sources
supplies of *Tyh'at they.; might require
to consume'."^. So today 'we have", in
Canada: an -./advantage -that we have
never previously^possessed.' Hitherto
Canadian statesmen li'ave been appear-
opposed the|'iuS on. public-platforms'" throughout the
They said: "If pominlo'n^s'fatirig -that'-'if' they were,
graritedi-the" power, they would be .able
to/, go- toy Washington ,and secure an
agreement of Jttiis nature; but on this
occasion we-have the advantage of-thb
American ".people", having passed the
agreement 'on -"their side. , We know
it'is;aj8u"r'e|tblfrig,*,karid if we think-it
is a good"thing all we have to do* is^'to
accept it.';,,y There will be no' further
travelling/^/bur commissioners"-'to
Washington. *7;to ;/make arrangements*
like"this' because it has* been"already-
arranged, imd'-the American ypeopl^
have accepted1 it." Arid I claim'tha't'as
far as the; people;of Canada a're/cpn-
cer'ned7theyvxar'e'*-'in - a'.very different*
position- inJ",v6ting^on>. this question; to-1
day.TyTheTConservative 'party1 at-Ot-
taw'a realize ^tbis^ and they know that
If 'trie Liberal party once' more get In-6
same time obtain, them.W^llbw.eXcost,
lie Wiild proceed ."to, showjthem";tfiat It
was .by ho means-an'rl'mBOSs}ble~pro:
positipn.     .Today' weykWnoril^ycuitl-
\fating E>' p"er^ ceiit-7bf!;ouV;"a^apig.Vfand
not-* only of * the j.Norlth^estt hut'yof
other /portions yof£^Canada,^fandywi*th;
'the- larger markets'bdnsequerityupbn
the, reciprocity ygreement^therec'would1
be a proportionately increased^prpduct
tiori. ...The faririers-wbuld-theri^become
wholesalers, -'whe'reasN/they^ are/-now
reUilers;y theyy would7'their be^ able
to;sell;"tb/the' consumer at' I wholesale
prices,,'Vnd. he "would.malw^his^pfotlt
pn ?- liis ■» ,wholesale^'pro'duQtlon' %;/The
Canadian farriiers. had produce to "sell,
under 'reciprocity-the amount\rof 'that
'produce .would '^be/eriormously,increo!s'
ed,"-\ With rthatt Increased "prouuetion
they would j require additional-markets
arid ono. important- featurd 'lri/tUo':re-
ciprocity-pact was thaV the/additional
markets wuld be ifurulshed.-!, *    ':'*> v
'.   ThO. Conservative * opponents^ of !the
pact-"wo*uld .'have;the' people'believe
that the, arfarigemenywpuld -interfere
.Avith !the''trade of^ the'Bjitish,-empire.
That".wa8«nbt. so. •j.^it1 the*1 British/Empire'/ would! rbuy^fyom t'gariadaVat' Canada's price ',Canada7Avould'8ell;to;her/;If
the. btlieiv people"wouid7purchase our
products,.a"t;~.a7be"tter'^prrce,ythen ;we
would, naturally',trade -wltfi them:: We
live _ been"I'maWng-ytrade* agreements
along; similar/line for-years'^Yith' Ger-*
many arid'^other-'countriesJri^ordert,to
increase; our "trader / Today /we 'are
malhtainirigisbriie'' 20;/to; 25 "trade, cbm-
missioners intbe .differerit"couritri€s';bf
the!"world," in' order-HThat we mlglit'in-
duce;theJp"epples";bf-"thei*world to purchase,what i\Ve"had,to„sell.''--' Canada
also^subsldized ' steamship lines *; tb
carry hef'productsto" the'foreign markets for^the, purpose ofo increasing her
trade wjth"'the.foreign mercnants;, arid
wh'y'should-'we^ not ..obtain 'this -fur-
ther^cuslomer..of;.the United States,-
with their" 91-million people? '.Sf.they
y; -!,./,s;£^-i.-
■rr--- • Vf^o '
k'nbwv;triat;i there77 werer memb^rsf of
tSat-ihdustry In" the1 aud'ieiice; thatey,^-'
Ing.fbecause -as^jfar? asjlhg"? Canadian,
lumber^ indus^^^cp^^^Vthis
1894:Hon.- Geo"rge'1B-;T'9Ste'r,■• thevlast
pafty*4 had^iniCanada^epnsIde
it^-was" /nebesVary.ytol^af fordV theyeml-
grants'. coming 'intoythe-'Nqrtfi-^ets'^t
that', time;'.an opportunity .to" purenase
flieif .lumber/at' the/Vheapest "possible
rate," and bri/that' accourit;"he/ma"de/-it
possible'-tof'the* Ajmerican' lumbermen
grants ^cbmtng'Jnto^e^prttfW^tiat
the .rough' 'product: bf^lumb'erXf rceTof
duty-ftVThat "cori'dftion'haB existed.up
to 'the, presont; Ume,'^ and. It; «stists» to-.
daj'.^fThe l'uriitier'lridifstry;thrDUghout
Canada \vas the.only^lnduBtry, that had
riot been; protected^ which meant/that
they/, had* been "operating' in an uripro;
tected- market Vand bad'-to;'buy iri/a
protected; market,'* and Jn! consequence
the" lumbermen .-of British^. Columbia
ba'd's- feltCtbe.;effect - of.- the American
competition^., very.' keenly.' r; It A was
cialriiedjthat,;trier^American- people,": on
apebunt/of "the'depression orithe/other
Blde(<Had^, been .dumping'^ their",rough
product tutblthe' Canadian-North-West
at 'prices, lower, <than"- the actual cost
biI'rproductlbriytp .the,*^umbermen^of-
Canada^v That ;,wast probably-, so;* lri
fact;' the■ luriVbeVriien \6t British Colu'm-
bia^ had..represented^ that "phase of the
situatiori^not;onlyytp'.the government
oLSiV.Wilfrid'Laurier,*but'.alsb, to R'.
aftd.\;^they 7had"i elected^Jlr.-^Goqdeve
derstandirig that.h'elwould proceed':to
Ottawa^and se*cureJfor,theni""a'!prb'tectn
,ed,niarket!for that iridustry!{7The pro-"
posed' '.arrangement withy they United
States would'be.alf gain' to^the'luinber
industry/of^this province,' andino-lbss.'
.They\wbuid;have ah^operj/market, on
the' American ,Blde. for'rough*;lumber.
-ari^Vrie^tbatJsappeaf^ _ . ,
e«r"in ^"Westt kobteriay^tpVay ;^Ke/^f^ j
can7see'.the';adva"ntages^qf/.,tri^ .1
ment'"apd5t"ne", advantage 4
be:,deriyed-;ft'om -them'.' by/-free'-'tradey^f^y-I; '\
in their::pfoducts of^'ziric! and ^iead'.'y'S- >v£~; *1
,Everi^Mr^Gbbdb.Y^ was iri/faVor"'pf tliat'fy;i•.' |^
though ^re/was strb'ngiy/oppbsed to'they^./'^*;
i%ed ;they Llberalpparty .-had*,'tbV-vOT'V7^^'r j
dorsatibn-'ot^the/whole; of; thoVpebple "y \y$ h
i'n'regard^to'tbe issue'that waBTplaced ■■'•''' *"*:-'
befoi'o,.them.7yHe meritlbiie1l''th*at'lV.   . ^
.Liberal'aniillorialreB ? of /^orontpyhad?; ^ -
slgried/aj' manifesto ^strongIyl;prptost>\:«i*; v\-i
ingragaInst'uthe7pactyThese,, iirmlb; % -\ ^\i\
liorialres would like to-retain" Uie'blgh^^-v^'J
tariff;} so Uhat' .they? would ? be. able, to, /y^l^lj
say p "L;dpnH; thlnlc'^we^
timberlimit {this -- year; Twe wpn'tibuy/;\y;:,J.?l
this" cbalmlrie/ouUhere"Just' yet, we7y;7-'y-lif
wlll.f wait■■ -Nobody;else?can ,-buy.^we.; y/iS:7;",
have-all'the"- money." CA* member^bf -yyy§
theHpavis-Pork. Packing",iri"dU6try».was -^yfi.t
that manifesto,' and'.that' company' had'"'\.;• ^
paid**- ln^diyldends'frpmV *60 lt6' 100. per 77;'^'
ot the millionaires whp'hadislgned-.the'7y/.;|^jl
riianlfestb. '"',MrA"siftbri^had. leftT^tho','.»i;i'^ <M
Liberal-party, -'sbmeT. two, yba'rsp'ago;?ne ^'^ ^
wo"uld.prbb!$lyslike''tq cbn're^
thing/for, himselfyjus"tYilb^w.fana;|tfi^^^^^
-"Conservatives ..we're'7welcdmo/.td"phfm,','-'tl^^^
though ,;inrJustice.-to.*Mr.vSIftori v he>.;V-<l')\
^buld^say/ that'' he. was., the ,oniy.-man""'■«-7--J
of-, tho'Cbriservatlvo party, who-had-iiW
1896." a * great many of "the' factories
were closing down, but today wo find
that; they are all prosperous. We
find that' to be the case with practically every, manufacturing Industry
throughout* Canada, and we find that
the British preference had this effect,
that it not only/ enabled the British
manufacturer to' ship his goods iulo
our .-markets under a preference, but
it also had the effect of bringing into
Canada a very large and desirable
British;-Immigration from England,
Scotland, Ireland and Wales, and that
immigration-has flowed into this country since'1897 in1 a proportion tliat
never occurred - boforo, Tho policy
bt Sir Wilfrid"and'his government"in
regard 'to British preference has been
absolutely endorsed, and Is being en-
dorsed^'todny, by , tho Conservative
parly. Injact, they say wo arb going
to spoil It." But that ls not so. Do
we ln Canada export to Great Britain
cabbages,' turnips, produce v of , tho
soil? Do you oxport fish lo tho?'No;
they buy It from the world, Sho Is
tho manufacturing centre of the'world,
ami sho doesn't export "tho'natural
products of the soil, and this agreement cannot In any way affect tho
British preference, But to set at
rcHt tho Imaginary fonrfl-bf our. Conservative frlonds who aro worrying
uhout this which thoy opposed soirio
years ago, you have tho statement of
Sir Wilfrid and Mr. Plcldlngthat as
far iih tho Llhorals aro concorned thoy
aro prepared" to stand by the llrltlflh
preference, and ihcy„wlll Incrcacs It,
ninklng II not 33 1-3 por cent, but GO
per cent  If nereBRBry.     (Applause,)
Ah I explained n moment ngo, Sir
Wilfrid Laurier took tlio firm ntand
thnt thoy would not again approach
the people of tho United States In
regard to Oils treaty, and any renewal
ot negotiations In that respect would
hnvo to como from the other side, A
>enr ago Iho American people canto
to Ottawa nnd requeued that trndo
ment.'bt^ this; sort, it would never, be
possible/fqrUbem. to get them'qut'be:
cause*'of the/benefits that will b'e'.de-,
rived"from'..it'!,by,.the people of the'
Dominion". .7:7^'yj.   / •;'_'■-
'(Kd.~W,e"deeply .regret that owing to
KCircumstances/vwhlch bear out "the
* saying of *-Robert; Burns: "Tlio best
,, intents .of "mlcb,and men oft gang
". agley,',',,that' we'; we're unfortunately
'.unable"to complete.the verbatim-re-
•port furnished't'ous of tho excellent
.address of Dr King, consequent upon
the extraordinary amount -of additional work1 entailed. In tho sotting
.- up of this report, and our desire to
avoid delaying publication later than
Saturday.  ' At,; tho;' last   moment
■  It   has   therefore ^beon   necessary
for   ub   to'" rush' through   an   ub-
'_ brovlatod ' report^.of /; tho   remain-
dbriof tho -sp'occli'-' arid while this
.method of -overcoming .tlio dlfflcul-
„ ty, eliminates, tposb.rounded poriods
%; and/.'plpriairig- charactoriBtlcs   with
-jwhrch.ib^DoijlVr's'.addreBB was fro-
"', qubntlftlritefspersed, the details glv-
7. on.wlll/wfr hope/.Onablo our renders
"to tipproclnlo !thb arguments of tho
Liberal Candidate and tho merits,of
hla remarks at'the true worth.)
Dr. King then took up tho question
of roolproolly asJt'would nffent tho
agricultural   Industry and the largo
mass of farmers thrughout tho prairie
piovlncoB,    It was a "well-known fact
that .tho groat masses throughout tho
country hnd rnqnested.tbe Government
to supply them with an agreement *ot
that, nuttiiu, ami largo, dopuiutlon of
farmers from  tho pralrlo. provinces,
and  from Ontario, Quebec, and tho
Maritime   provinces .had   proncntod
tholr demands to the Liberal Government at Ottawa,'for this Identical arrangement.    It was oIko beyond din-
putw that the prosperity of,tho farmers under thin pact would bo IncrenKcd
and, although tho quostlon had boon
asked hy (ho mombors of tho Opposl-
.wish to buy,: our nafural -products, why
'should jwe»refuse" tb sell' to''them?-; It
wpuld'nptbe^business' to;do so,'arid"a
gbbd7business/arrangement - between
individuals, was -an excellent' arrange;
ment^befiweennations. "The"merchant'
.Is)trying-all'the timeito secure^but-
side' customers/ and a similar condition
of, affairs/existed Jin; the trade; between
nations.' ""We iri Canada have* large na:
iunilwesources ^nnd—!t«*ls—tff—thsiln-i
terest>bf. the-people,of Canada to'deve-
tiyes; aclybcated^ the? cbriservatlbri'" yof
suchyresburces,' 'arid, stated^ that 7>. we
ohpuid^nqt^ sell • tlio JJargeT- deposIlB, of
coal/until, the' popuiiitln 'had'yeached
the dimensions'of 60 br.TO.milllonSeb-
ple. Coal"was' placed. In- the mountains'
for the,benefit7bf, humanity,,.and; the
arguments"of such people ,who preached it's conservation'were'absurd.y-In
British Columbia wo have ono of the
largest;deposits of cool.In,the world
It was-said by eminent;geologists .that
the kndwn^conl deposits "of; Canada
woro', sufficient .to'last, for a-period of-
two '.thousand' "years','" and" that ..coal
was put there 'riot only, fbr'.the people
of British Columbia, Jb.ut^ for' tlib' people of the world If ;they -wished tb
purchase It"..',"' The'*American"-, people
could not-take j'awhy'thq deposits of
tho Canadian i coal-fields'nnd transfer
them tbrthb^Stnte'.; of'^Washington;
though- the "Conservative opponents" ot
reciprocity arid"tho 'exponents of, tho
conservation Idea,would have the.'pep-
pie of Canada, "bcllevo that„was what
they wero aiming to do. Tlio same
romarkn wove also truo ln rognrd to
other natural,roBourcos,
In connection' with the .fjshlng Industry, Mr. King wondered If Premier
Mcllrldo,-'or 'Mr7,Goodovo," had oxplnlned to them on tho provlous evening that- the agreement with tho -United' States would do away with" tho
Japanese fishermen operating on the
Pacific coast. Ho did not think thoy
hud . mentioned thnt; nor had they-
iriontlonod tho fact, that under the pro-'
potted tariff arrangement the flHhlng
Industry on tho Pacific coast,'which
had hitherto boon li non-paying ono
from tho white fisherman's point of
view, w.ould afford'1 profitable occupation for thoiiHnnds of European fish-
ormou of (ho United States on equal
IciniH, Tho same thing nppliod to tho
Atlantic coast, and tho fishing Indus-
nnil'mariy other products of th'e;fprest,'
Including "posts,-- teiegraphypoies.'T/etc."
.Tto American,people had"also';reduced
their tariffi"'on-.the'.higher"grades cf
lumber,"from $2.75' to,'$1.60.-„^;As*i'ho
;bf7thls agreement hnd,been untyersallji*
conceded by the, lunibofmeri^oC/jliis.
pioyince. , Its 'advaritagesySvere eV!-"
dent, and he could easily exi'dain'tlie
\\i titude- of - one or!, two) lndlyMuals 7Vn-
tion how tho farmors could poa«ibly, try of the Rait.
political quostlon of this pact, I nay
ho Is not doing what Is In the Interests
of tho people of this province,
As far ns tbe agreement itself Is
concerned, wo people who bave been
born In f*»nid.i, or h/iva ?lve»f fn Canada for some years, know that reclpro-
fity f« net n n«w fvfort. We Know that
' In the early days, between UU and
IMS Great Britain sent their represents
live* to Washington and there renewal the treaty with tbe Wathlnxtoti
<*<ivr<imi»*Bil. ' whf-wfcy the !r.AI<rlt!t}Sl
pmrlnt-ti whlrh new, rrnffw wnf(«*f-
erslion, go lb rnak*- up <»ir Dominion, ot one mind la regard lo (his que*
1801 Sir John A. Macdonaid appealed
In the people on Canadian reciprocity,
end told them that If they wlibed to
secure free trade In natural products
with tbe United 8tates they would
1mv*» to look tn fh« CnnrfervaHvf
party, as tbe Liberals would not be
rttde   fo   #«wrriv»   thnt   nffreemefif,      1
need only quote to you a paragraph
from tho address of B\r Charles In
1S9I, and quote from speeches by 8lr
John A MaedonatA, Sir John Thomp-
urn, a&d the tf«s, Gto. fS. F»ler, to
whftw tint nil parlfM lit th« fsst
terested .iri;'this*,"industry7whj"were
apparently suppprting'the Conservative
party" in this,- contest'^y .They .-knew,
.that'the policy 'of Sli^Wilfrid' Laurier
and the Liberals /was' bound tp'.be'sus*
t'nlried, and ;tbey know7 thaf 'reciprocity '.would', positively "carry ,rarid7securb
lri that knowledge they; did" riot"think
It,-necessary "to come'"but into,"'open*
conflict with-Preriile'rJIcBrfde'/y "'./
.; At( this* polnt.Mr. rang read'out the
schedule applying/to the products "Tot
tho lumbering Industry, Bhowing'ithb
reductions in the t present'tariff under
tho reciprocity''pactq1 and tho'-ridyarit-
ages which the lumbermen \pf British
Columbia would derive .frbrii" It- Inlhat
respect, and' from tho fact that,.thoy
would be ^manufacturing In a'protected market/arid purchasing in a market
that-.was froo, whloh moapt^practlcal;
ly a;cbmploto rovorB0l/of tho coridl;
tlbns as they had bitborto obtalnbd.', '
This;Is beyond qverythlng^ti.^mln-
Ing, province', ■ sald'Mr.-.KIngV and/you
nre naturally anxious to know, how, this
agreement will nf foot you, It affects'
Iho - mining' Industry - right ■ through,'
inasmuch ns^we have had a loveillng
up of - tho tariffs • botweon the" two
countries , Continuing, Mtv King- ex-
plained that up/ to, the prpsent tlmo,
tho American people liad maintained, a
Ini'Iff on coal, mlrio products of 45
cents a tori, whereas* Canada had maintained a trlff'of 53 cents a ton, " Un-
dor this agreement the Cnnndlan tariff
had bce,n roducotl 8 bontB' a ton, and
wo had:secured tlio'froe American
markets for- our coke. Tho result of
this" was that tho "conl"opbrators in
tho eastern portion of Canada would
have access to tho American markets
for slack coal, of which thoy had a
groat deal In N'ova Scotia,' The free
markot for coke would certainly bo of
Interest to tlur pooplo of Vernier and
the Crow's Nest Pass,' At tho pro
sont tlmo wo hove three outlets for our
coko In tho smeltora nt Trail, Grand
Porks, and Greenwood, but undor this
ngrcomont wo would not only bo nblo
to produce coke for tho smelters, but
In addition we' would havo tho markets of.Orcst Fall, Quito, Anaconda
and othor. .western - smelting' centres
on the other side of tho,lino, -That
ws's, nn advantage thnt not only applied to tho coal and coko Industry of
th<li Crow's est Posh, but also to Hint
Industry, on tbe Pacific Coast."   Our
mnrlirl iimjllu- olUrr :Jflo of ilit* Uiit-,'
and lie addll'lonal markets fr Iho products ot ibis mine, will result Iri the
closing-down "of'the Canadian sm#l:
ters"at*Trail and otlier points,'   Mr,
»»* » ,.    ,.'<. * ,      ■    .1   ~it . t    ^# 1   '    rt , - f ,     ,
*«4^aj^     v^.k**L*f -.iU'^l*''*.     ii^U f     *»**>% S*t-tWWV*W
had used that argument when addicting the people of Fernio the provloui;
evenlnr,;and also *\ Coal Crook In
tbo afternoon. - That was a mis-state-
tnsitt of. tie actual'facta. "Give us
a larter market," said Mr. King, "and
with tbo l*r«e «oal^d«posU* w« bav«
In British Columhla and Alberta we
will fee able to pfodaos'inors eoiil and
mere coke, and that' wilt necessarily
moan t»fm*& pnapetHr. for lis
tarfe tulalag population sad ttM peopt*
ef ¥mAm and other mtnlat dlitrku."
One or tbo ars-umenils used by the
pooplo" Inutestcdl ln !«ad and line mln-
said,toThave. put/up a 'genuine - argu-'-;
ment'agalnst'tt "' y /,'.*" .,"C" 7,* -*' 7'" *'
-*"Mr.'Qqodeve has sald'tha"t:the'-Am-   yy<l
erica'ri .market' is; ai mythr, and. lnjhe, .v .* ;u;
next'breath h*e>Bay87thatl.all,.bur tradelt~y-Vf;['
mits. that we;;are going to have cheaper,y/^-;^
living,'-but^'- says^ we:, shall. also -Tbave- -■>■ j. -
cheaper;, wages. j.;-~ Can~. any, man-say;..-.^-.
that-:wag"e.s"»are'.controlled by tarift?"Iffyj
spytheri. Mr.-Goodeve* and .Mr." McBride ,(c."'f^f;
grtd- to;economics, kand in' that,/case -
I/have-not "doubt/we "shall have' bur **
labor organizations golhg.toiOttawa tb"'; - ..j
ask forijOii adjustment of'the tariff-In 7/7 71(
order,that their:wa'ges'may be lncreas7^":^ ■- •/
ed.'^But I^dbri't-'think we"shall'everv"'-.-<7,l1i
'see'Hhat.y'7We .know-" tbat'-tho tariff yjf<
Is tbe Bamebetweeri-Qiiebec"arid"Brlt-',
Uh Columbia, hrid^we 'know also; tl.at
wages are entirely different.>-.-.Wagfos.",
arb ^governed/entirely-.' by' the law? of' -
supply and"dpmarid;ai\d-yet^wb.liayo'v
theso.canvassorB.of tho,Conservative ., ,
pnrty/fblngiaround through''tho-'dls-,,' --.;.;-/
trlct'\ arid >,telling"7thqf people-'that 7 If.'. ;'yj"
reciprocity bocomeB law thoy wjH, siif-y/y
for !n /reduction,jn",^thblr( wages".-*-."EIv.."%
roiwat-that .wages nro.-controlled on-y.,'7.
tlrely by tho. law--ot" supply; arid'-'dey, /.,:
mand; "thoy'are hotcntrqlledby tariff
In-tho silghtOBt'degreb, arid I will leave. ■;
lOo^ybur' Iritelllgbnco to,-''dooldo\ that-:*
tmostlon for/yourselybs." .- . • - ■ y -; y
^"British /Columbia,'-continued *>'Jir.,-'
Klrg,.whs an Itripoillng provliKO.,L«'!t l\ .jj,
year-wo Imported sbirio 1,*V million do!-.!.t7".!Wi'
'larr-w*orlh',offnatitnl uro^lnots. Into *y <.y|
this provlnopy/On thoso prbiiii^ts duly,',;
hid been; paid Into tiib colters oC'tlio.."
bbminfpn.; No maltbrfrom whorb'thoy-
productsl.wbrb'jiiurchaHod, the 7d'ity77
hnd always-to bo paid by an Importing '•''
provlneoV' such*-as British*' Columbia,' v
and If,'nsrhn*("Iniportlng proylricbrwo, ""
could got rid of this duty of 25 v pory-
cent,on quo half of what wo conflumod," -.-
It must of .nenosBlty renult In n'Substantial reduction' In' the "cost of llv- y*
lng, and nn arrangement that would"
offeot that roust surely bo worthy ot, (
support   <]','*•'  '■,      • 'i   '  '""., ,
"In regard*Id;thin ogrbemont, ,wo'•
find,/our Corisorvatlvo friends, using  '
arguments of this kind! 'neolproclty
will bo so Inimical to the country that
wo will bo drawn'to tho Americans y
and annexation will be only a quostlon of time,' Thon thoy •sny:   'Tho
country will bo ruined by tho flood ,
of American produce.'    In ono word   ,
thoy say wo nro going to bo vory,
prosperous, we are going tq tell a   .
great de*! to the Americans, and* in
tho noxt statement thoy say w(o aro "
going to tio mined} and being ruined "
wo will becomo a'jmrt of tho .United
States.    Thon thoy say; "Tho ngroo-. '■
ment will,bo no good to Iho farmer 7.
*(;■» t   -,.«,«,   i,,^^ ) f ^ -^.^ . r     ..,. ^  ,      ,,*.,,,     Y
Monr'lri'ihht'lniry'ttn^^'htil lh'e' rijfrff
tnont will' result In much' gbod.'"     *'
(Mr. King read extracts In support ;"'
of tbo last statement.)     *■ • »•
J" In connection 'with tho scii'ro bry  •
»»     tttn     r*>»^~.-»>>*..>'     -*■-!,. ""li  .'l      H   ,
,^ ,..,*,. \ .*„., t-      |,m,*.,.^       t,,.u^,     I.MV
trade or Canada would l>o diverted
souih, Mr, King ststed.tbsl once the 7
Hudson nay lUUway was bulltp-and,-
there was not tbo slightest doubt that -
U Would* bo—all th* wheat from tbo
American KrortMVest would go north. -
and not South, and tbo American p*o- .;
pis would b* tmaMs to avoid It owlnr '
to Canada's adranttt-e lri e*ogrsp1iltiiii
position.    If tt would be possible for
os to «e*nlc*Jj a larger Uado north and .
south, It was absolutely certain that
w* would have a larger trade Ba*t and
.   "(Contlnueti ob pate 3)
I < ".  J * . .
if * ,
.„'   -I *j   »l * Jf      *•%.
-"tr-O ■
> ■> ^ -
--.-   -v      ^1
.<«, £?-v ~-
£" :'i"/7:
i-&^it^Wesfe kTo'day*' we^have ""crbssing^Ttiire
arid. securVfav6rable;;trade", rela;
?i$y Wtibns;^ith-Une^
^^ST^'mor^jWe ^v^NM^and^SoutJi
^|s$^h4'mpre?wf.wili .ha^eSEast-'an'd'^West..
'rjv.i ^"IiThe-"dQnsemUVes^say:V"^o^Uiiite,!J
^^i'*ayVS\^e^iP?i.fe4*?^fttc^; would, have
i'jemqyed7Jhe.jdutyfon-. raw, materials
'&]'■$■ ^«°bugh.*'y.,What can''poBsibiylbb^mE^e
(>V;ly,', oft<arguments qf'-Uiat/klnd/asked/Mr
t"! tfy ii* Klrig.";,\They- kribw" that'Uhe; American
j;!|7/7.y'-people'1 have control, of' their/bwn/cus-
il ^ ;$£'*■>, toma* tarlff^and: that^they 'can'reduce
7^7 or eritlrely'wJpo out-'that tariff If they
P7<K7:ieei:Incllned"'to/do;sb',^and thenitliey
ri';»\j ^say-ihe^Unlted State8''wouid>)ia^ie-
J'»7  77/,'">"'diibed,the 1duty,*bn'Ir'aw"material*any-
/A':" ;y-Mr.; King concluded" his addresswlth
I £Z yy-^'few woll-obbsen remarks lnwhich7he
Ij1}vf*7; September.' / His"" remarkV^hroughbut
<V "v;7 tlori",'' arid ,'tW frequent- appiauBev,orid
*w77""'"  expressions .of .'approval'from his. audi*
*""*" Is,.'; torB.cledrly tpVoved that!- his/ address
2a,^     *"'»'ii>     ".■'■'.   _•»*   _"_*#«*•_'»•._.*   ^Aj-.y. s."1
If Hty* * MrfBSJsher explained .to'W^audienqe
]iy «, l t.7that{it had .not"been, his '"intention ;to
i"^v.r£addre'BS/1hem|,that everiing,"and:;untii
'"" "'"^:*fe?J>t 2°"M^^!?8olhe had riot aritfc
".'^VJiinnf'.wl Ithnf?h&~-wntili*l ■'hA ir>nll<v1»11TH111
qwa^amel^sqfw^ haye* got \hfm1 fight
.there;for,once..'X^jt-t^y v\&>* *-
,^c"opy.*/of!yHansard: .containing ""* the
,ywhole;debate/on?the /subject'.'y-!;":
r- He: d Wrijt. fy Wen,jipy'sald ;'tKatr he
'was fsot'^statini" ytfat^js? trj&^v'Ho
here ..to^nlghC in. iny,,* usual K manner,
f 'S,/7ft"ini'.Fernlb.cat-'aT:later„ dafe,8! and -make
j f^/^ari'v/repiy'.that might be';deem«^i1rieces-
Is""-^p^sary to'the'remarks^iriadeyfrbmUbat
' -.7 y/*i;'plB.'tfo*rm .'by .Mr7Gbbde"ve 'the. previous
'7s!./^-eyenlng... He.hadyhe..'stated;'aljready
ftl-'parted-wlth a good!deal of "ammunl-.
7y /tlon/^ ,and.^cpriUnulrigyinya*"Mlght:hu-
, vi'7/\'mprousveiri^which quickly ."placed him
frv%/ in^sympathy'wltli^hts auditors?'he-ask-
lyy7^7ed thein,.t6 accept'^that a#TiIs excuse
"7 'Jt 'heydld;.nbCspealr*.to\them7ln5. his
k'7usual ','fluent;and«'convInclrig' manner"
^-^-(Laughter ^and". ch'eere'.XrTthough ^he
s believed-he bad still a'sufficient supp-
;; ly-^of ariimunitibn -jto7 go raround, ^even
y'wltlrhfs good frierids-Mr.' Gray and Mr
F "*•'-"/-Bennett- brir.the/platform. /'-'yy ;;-.
/7,'-\y^Cpntiriulrig In'"this*stralri,%r.'.El8her
t7' y, attacked the statements "made byyMr
I §f ^ 7 Goodeve7 on;. Monday:,, evening. „T; His
■■':•' ^.arguments.'were' convincing,^andywire
L 7tioris ~>ttorn Hansard and othe'r^ record's
"""In; "a.manner .which left■ no doubt"iri
/'--tife'mlnds of'the^pebple^presenit that
//•Mr-Fisher's charges'of mls-state'me'nts
7 arid" misquotations son.i.the.partjbf the
' Conservative' candidate --were. not .entirely without', foundation, Iri, fact' ':■ '/*y
* r Owing' tb'„the,' excessive . demands
Jupon our columns1 duo'.to our lengthy
, report of the other speakers, wo regret
7tt"l8 out of-the'.quostlon" to. deal with
y}'y, thb'.whole/of^Mr.FlBher's'retearks In
^'M^-!the-way, which;they'.'undoubtedly do-
CyVi '/'servo;"'but .there js orio;Important mat-
^v';/,yster. which wo-consider It; Imperative
/•^v"*'/ tb^brlrig before the nbtlco|bf our read-
'^yyfyi'eti In .Its'entirety, "and'boiow we glvo
*-"..*'*.-'. ti,g -'y^ntiin' report /ot that-portion
/ofUhb legal ,genllbriian.'B'.address'.- Wo
i'.roferl to. tho. "Taylor.. (Loads)/ Incl-
^ dent,".Jull accounts':of which have
^boo^ published from tlmo to tlmo In
' this organ: /'-,, -• ,- /', V ' '// ' •',
,'': Jjr;.FIsh'ef:'Mr Goodovo wrote albt-
teryto- tho District Ledger In wliieh
'. ho' Btotod "I am sending you by tho
, mail a copy of Hansard containing the
, wholo debate on tho .subjoct."', I am
reading from tho District Lodger, and
, although I, am not in tho habit of believing everything that appears In tbo
■ Lodger~(Mr. Bonnott-ls right behind
( mo.and'ag bo la a bigger man than mo
"! I hope .he'won't tako an unfair ad-
vantago)—yet I think I am Justified In
v taking It for granted that that (holding
1 up copy of tho DlBtrlot Ledgor) Is the
wholo of tbo Hansard reoelvod,
you,-, by'"this" -mall a.' copyVbf! Hansard
"coritainlngTthe, wlj'olei debate^, on; the
"Bubject''; 7 TheVf debaterbne'the. subject
was'coritaihed. on/page)710535, - which
page/he/dld Wt|jerid;'tb""tliS'.Ledger
PageflOSSScoritaiii'ed'the^letter "which
was^wrltten/bylji'e^ljbrifrere of Mr
Goodbye' MrjGebrgo;" Taylbri CbnBerya-,
tlvq" inemberslor!'L«eds, and'I propose
to read aout. to -you the letter/which.'Mr
Goodeve^^dld,- not ,'licndr.although" he
stated" fn'hls letter, that.beIwas encIps^
irig-J.it,,all//-'^hb/Ietteryappears; oh
page 10536 /of" Hansard,** and'- Is- signed
"Yours' faithfully/George Taylor,"*arid
one* of the paragraphs of that letter Is:
7;yi7"K->*H?^'"MrvKl*ng' should', appear
V bri'"7the, ground;«( briwyarid* if_set:
"Xtlemerit ,:is7npt'''reached Lthe .mine
; ."'bwnerB;8hbuld;|« allowed W import
y^riien^whomithefgqyeniment. should'
'^protect',with.soldiers^"'- '•'-, -.■..'"""'.*'"--'•■
j''r -,-'--/;""YbursViairilfullyy -''-."-' '*.,,';
-i^i?:7':ii"*7yy'QEORGB TAYLOR.',*
(Loud applause/ /.More applause-and
cries .*. f'; ;appro"vaI for;' Mri 7 Fisher) ?i ■ I
don't'."suppose, 'ladle's and"gentlemeri;
thatjyou are at airsurprlBed'"that7Mr
Goodeve did riot scud;, page; 1053(Hof
Hansard 7'(Laughter% and', cries 7 of
Hear, hear!) -w He also," bmltted fb 'serid
this /portion /of"' Hansard; '/page 10538,
where .this sameLcohfrere of/Mr." Goo'di
eve's Estates: ''7,7* -1-1' ■'//,;"" 'v.' *:'
7 "yi'certairily.'tWnk ybu'will have to
- amend ,the Labor'Act- oi-y introduce
.legislation to prevbnt.strikes/making
- It illegal .-for .men tbTmake strikes
>5>t ; ■
-r — ti,v
..,. (.
",7i"7, "i y7T.am,~
;„>;:' -:«v .i'Yburs'falthfully;,'
■■ - -    ■    •  1-^-	
Ladles and gentlemen,:/ when ,. you
y *"
I 1   -1/
hiiTO';that/ kind/ ot ihlsrepresentatlon
given; out/ by" Mr^qbodeyeTbri- ttils and
other, platform?;, when' It is1 sb?pb'vlous,
Bo^barefaoed./I^askjyoii 'tb^fefUBe'' to
accept-hls word,agalnst'-mirie?y (Loud
applause," arid-Heaf, hear!)•,_*$.(A.voice
fromTbehindiy"You'lsetr")/;'.-.V • ;;.y
';*Mr..Fl8hertheri TOnrpn-to",deal with'
the 'Eight ..Hour ^lliy^Hansard.'' was
again :roquisitioned'tb good*bffect, and
the .'speaker's • remarks and. convincing
qubtationB'/frbm/.tlie',: records' of the
House of Parllairieni at Ottawa were re
celved with an.unanimous roar bf.apT.'
plause which mustliave'echbed at the
far ond-ofthe avenue - ; . •  ,,,.,.;
' ,„ . ••;   M. A. Macdonaid. -' .7" - 7
Mr„ Chairman, ladles and gentlemen,
Pam.Bure that after listening to two
interesting and,instructive speeches co
night I shairplaco myself within.your
judgment if I > malio my remarks as
briefas possible, .consistent with a full
oxplanatlon;of tho principal features of
tho Issue of" the day, to which I am
about to refer.    You bavo had many
sides Isbuos .dIscuBsod horo4n Fernie
by -Mr/,Goodovo Inst, night," and ' on
tho previous occaflBlon and theso side
Issues .which Mr. Goodovo attempts to
introduce into. bin.campaign have, 1
believe, been dealt with by Mr. Fisher,
and probably also by Doctor King.    I
vorituro to say, Indies and gontlomon,
that you will agrowlth mo that when
Mr, Goqdeve-ls so anxious to Introduce
so many sldo'-'Issues into this contest,
and to dovoto. tho larger, portion of
bis time to such sldo Issues rather than
tb tho. important quostlon of Reciprocity and1 tho benefits or disadvantages
to' bo derived from tho paot, ho has
cbmo lo tho conclusion'that tho fooling
In Fornlo, Is precisely, tho samo as it
Is throughout the whole ot tho Kooto-
nay/. district; namely, -"^a^SV'Orypne
that gives; thls^q'uestlmSi^I^n™est
corisideratiori,/nb matter^wh'ether^ he'.is
Liberjil/ ConWrvatiYeSyp'r^bplalis't,"
must; have decided'! inrfiis^.bwhymirid
that such*a pact'isctb ;the;iiterest>vQf
every individual lri't"h"ls.:proWnce£and
to the.interest ofevefyfclasb^offindusj
Jr'y operating* iri{this pro^rioe;>8t]'th'e
present time. ' I believe'-that ;is one
reason ; why Mr; Gobdev<eydwells., btf
these "other matters /ib' i/persistently',
^"nd- Mr.;, Fisher,, I-..thirik,^;h8s'^pointed
put" W, you , thatt'everi-";.ln>cpriMCtipri
with .these side Issues,.;h"e;nas-iibt laid
the', facts before, the people.Jn,^a. manner that Is fair arid jusC^Mr^Flsher
makes,i his ctiarges "without: mincing
his;words. iri;.ariy, way. ;'"f Ho,.charges
Mr. Gopdeve'wlthtain'perlng'with"'the
records and dlBtorting;,thVfac"tsJih an'
endeavor-to mislead the. pebplbynnd
Lsay tb'.ybu that the .statements'made
bytMr.;FIsher are'absolutely and literally,correct".- ;As you,'are aware, if
Mr.;Goodeve had desired' to stand-on
a "public platform and- discuss these
various.features in joint;debate he/has
had^every- oppbrturilty, granted "to. him
for "so .doing." 7'No one of; us makes
iany/pretence at being a great, public
speaker,', arid we would have .to yield
the palm In/.debate, I think.-.tb7Mr.'
Goodeve^Cries of No! No! j—but we'
can easily get'at-the facts and I charge
Mr. Goodeve now with not belii'g; anxious' to!db.so,.arid with beingafraldfto.
irieet"us * in s Joint, debate to '?discuss
these"' ■matters'.y.; , "',.7 ' "■/■■ -.'/^yl,;'
, t J{qw^ Mr./Fishe'r has referred-to "all
.'thesVJmatters, -7perhaps;, except v,bnb:
You?lmbWj'thatv.Mr7 Goodeve clairiis'
that the!-Government "-of this country
should' be. censured in connection with
Orientalfl'lmmigratlon.' into • this Prb-
yijaeeyyHe, stated,'I believe; that the
Governinerit of.the\Domin!on:of Canada t have j handed' over7 to. the Japanese
"Government the' control of * the- Japanese/imrnlgratlon- Info- this" -province.
That Is notf-his actual statement, but
that.ls'Tthe Bubstarice of It7 Now, Mr.
Fisher has pointed'out that Mr". Good-
eve's BtateriseriVthat" the Government
renewed5 the/ Japanese treaty ln the
same." form.'as'the original Is not correct; ^becaiise/we''-can' point out ln
the records/that MivrBorden and several of• Mr,; Goodeve's "confreres have
admitted .that/It' Is noya fact. But
the gist' of Jthe matter/is the,arrangement* madeyjbetween..Mr.' LemieuK representing this' country, six yeira ago
and the.Government'.of Japan,"governing- JaVan'ese^niiuIsrritibn4 into " th's
Vpi'iilry. \fAnd-wnat-was that arra ig?-
"m'e"fit?"*^'"nioy7h"aveTa ^convention,- with
with any party .whatever, makes, the
statements ...that! iri?5 their opinibh-the
trade of Canada'^wlil be increa'sOd.'by
thei'sum of 250';miilion dollars^a.year
if; recipr,ocity7goes; through. 'zJl in> a
general .way everybody knows"that-the
true' Vest of;"any**country's prosperity
is/the amountnqf/'Its foreign."'trade,
^hy, ,vthat.is7siich.'"a. truism; that,; ybii
find It In the geography books of-the
public'.' schopis..V,,,x Tou find.. In' -fiiose
books vthat" the foreign trade/of \thljs
country7.1s, so riiuch, and the.'fbreigri
trade of that" country such' arid, such a
figure; and so'on" all along Ithe line,
"showing "the "; respective > standings" of
the,different nations of the world."-'So
jlopkiiig-at.it from a general.-point ef
view;-If you; coin©'-"to' the' conclusion
that; this ''agreement will 'expand the
foreign, trade of.;Canada to'an- enormous extent," there * must of riecessity
be a-reflex, action",in-increased prosperity^ for this .country. That; is ,orie
feature in favor,'of: the proposed new
tariff arrangement.,'-'" -"' 7V- < -: ~-' -^
'The otherls thlsV- -Do the" people
of British Columbia want "to' .reduce
.taxation on the things which they, con
aurne. '-Do they want to reduce taxation,- br-rembyelax'ation if this agreement goes .through, which,' in round
numbers, will'.amount to 250 million
dollars. .'-Well,'It. seems.to me that
It 'should nbt"bo;neces6ary to argue
with a' man'in favor", of removing .taxes
taxes froriiMiiirisblf,' and ,lt is evident
,tpme, ladies and,geutlemen; that Mr'.-
Gbodeve and his confreres are averse
to a;fair discussion of the agreement
or "of Itst economic aspects. ,<,They
prefer tb deal with scare"cries.-7Mr.
Goodeve "says NO^ Don't vote to reduce
;br^abolish.taxatiofon the things.whlch
tbe. great "masses in this' country- cpn-
sume;y:.don;t ypt« to reduce the cost
bf-Tlving...- .Mr. Goodeve-knows that
.the. coat of .living, ls so high at'the
present time,thnt.some people find-it
a "difficult .matter to obtain even the
things: necessary for life, so much; so
that'f when they, are asked "Is life
worth living?'!'tliey say "Well, hardly,'
at-the'-preserit:price.'',. Dont vote to
reduce'the'cost;of living, says-;Mr.
Goodeve.'yTAnd fyhy? „,Why,,because
if.you do you'w)!l,.bust'up,the British
Bnipire.y.-He/liilBht also ,say: And
worse still you will defeat me if you do
so. /Arid.;that,,to,the whole crux of
the riiatter.T-'NoV,v ladies and gentle-
men, Iet'jme'ask,'.In passing, should
anyone-be afraid of imperilling the Brit"
ish Ernplre'-by. abolishing or reducing
the-taxatioriVon'the things which-the
great masses .consume? As you are
weil aware,/at the centre of the .Empire; England,"-,tliey themselves * have
no taxation on llfes necessities, and it
is absurd,to. say that we shall be im-
perilling:the empire by. in a measure
are-openingT their ^markets   to-" us.
-.?- ^,K        ,       ,    . , r _^ r,,- -,. ^
Moreover, I can show Mr. Goodeve" in
t^b'-Winnipeg Free Presa a! facsimile "of
mottoeis "on the wall in- the 'Msesey
Hall, bn the occasion "of a large rixeet-
ing'of promirient members of:vthe,,Con-:
servativeilParty, and one of thethirigs.
thatTthey. had placarded at that.ineeti*
ing'w|s ."For Reasonable.Reciprocity.
/7After"i^eadirig on the question'it niust
bVcomoeded; by everybody, but that is
one oithe'thirigs that-Mr. Goodeve apparently, believes that the people'"of
Canada-'are not. posted on;' he ap"
parentlybelieves" that they are not
acquainted/Wlth.the records, and that
he' can-.safeiyyma.ke a statement such
as" I 'referred ;io' a nioment .ago.   But
I want to take you one step further.
"Oh," they.wiirsTyi^'that-is,very true
twenty-years ago," but conditions are
.changed at -the'"present" time." and by
some "strange" process • of reasorilng,
.unknown to themselves,   'they, argue
that what was good for Cariada.ln 1891
cannot.be good for Canada in 1911;/.I
say that -what was good-for Canada
then, is good for'Canada now.,' The
fact of the matter is that the Coniserva-
tive party favored., this arrangement
right up to January of this year, and
not until this agreement was announced in the^house by Mr.v Fielding "arid
Mr.  Paterson, - .on theii- return  from
Washington; did the opposition take up
their - antagonistic, stand against    it.
"What is my proof of that? .You know,
ladies and gentlemen, that at the begin-
ing of a session"there.is always'an
address from the throne*    In the last
address from the. throne the* Government made reference to th'e*"fact that
they Intended,'en the invitation of the
American* Government,, to enter Into
negotiatioris-jWith khem.,with"' a view
to 'obtaining"better  trade, relations.
Several,- Conservatives took" part * lri
that* debate when'the matter was "dismissed In the, house, Mr. Goodeve am-
that he professes to hold today, he certainly did not expound them.. He kept
hjb light;under a bushel, and his view-;
to; himself.--- -Every Conservative ^yho
sppke^on^that address endorsed this
proposal/,'/, I am not going to take up
your .time by reading a lot of extracts
uriJeEs/i aiu "called^upon to do so, but
r'say that Mr. Northrop, for instance,
the"*Lord'.>Lieutenant of Mr. Borden,
-took part In. that' debate/arid he said:
"If ybu' cak secure reciprocity In,natural; products with the United States
'we,'-theiConj8ervative party, will "hold
.up^both.hands'for'it." 'Today they are
doing that,- but - they pretend, to hold
them up in , horror ■ at the very Idea;
(Laughter.).    Moreover, the party organs of "the. Conservative party blessed the arrangement, so to speak; but
ai.sobri,as?Mr.-Fielding'laid the ar-
A pure,Cream of Tartar
AhJe from Crapes
No Alum'
Japan/by which-they, agree to, allow
not more than ,400^emmlgrants from
that/country to come into Canada annually. - These emmlgrants are of a
special cla'sB;  they are made up'of
students, scientists,' and > members of
other professions' who do not come
in'contact with labor conditions.   The
limitation, is 400,,and Mr. Goodeve says
that Is handing over the control'to
Japan.'    But tho,Dominion  Government, nas you know, have.their official's. Btatloned at every.port of entry;
and'If that limit coming Into this country Ib exceeded, our Immigration ■ authorities havo power to turn them back
That Icing bo, tho control of tho Japiri
eao Immigration is In our own hands.'
TLcy cannot exceed the 400, and-If
thoy do so, thon It' Is our own",fault.
Asia "matter, of fact, tho figures show
that .Iir. tholaBt year or two fewer
Japaneso havo  como Into  this province than have gono out.   Thoy have
riot/Wceedod tho limitation, and before leaving" the quostlon I would iirik
you to look into thoso" maforo/for
yourself, , Coll nt Mr, FIshor'B offlco
and go Into the records of tho Bight
Hour'Law,    Lpok up tho records of
Hansard, and see If wo nro not, laying tho actual facts before you.    In
saying that Mr; Goodovo Is misrepresenting tho facts to ou we make a serious statement, but'noverthologs it Is
a statement I make moBt emphatically
to-night.   And it is a surprising thing,'
Mr.,Goodovo' Is so'benign looking Uiat
would almost take blm for rf clergy,
man.', (Laughter,) • Ho reminds me
of a oertaln clergyman who was conducted through an Insane asylum.  As
ho was bolng taken through, the,warder warned blm against getting Into
any altercations with tho pntlents, and
If any ot thorn said anything to him, no
matter bow ridiculous It might bo, ho
should  sgroo  with  thorn.   Ono  old
lady Intercepted tho clorgyman and
sold:    "Po yoti know that I am Queon
Victoria?"    "Oh yos," said tho clergy,
man.    "Do you know that tho report
that iho died Is untruo, nnd that I
am really the Queen?" "Yes, I know; I
am quite awaro of thnt," replied the
worthy clorgyman, , Then tho old lady
looked at him a llttlo qultzlcolly arid
ssld:   ."Well, you look like a preacher,
you talk like n preacher, nnd you net
like a preacher, but you Ho like   tho
TV»vH'M  tfhhlttVKf'A^ •jMlMifn'r  *vA   tvl*"
of Hear. H«*rl> *  >  ;"-      '    "'
Now, ladles and gentlemen, wo have
a very vital and Important Issue to decide at (his tlmo, the' Issue as to
whether orjiot the people of Fernio
are In fawnr nf * ruclnrnrnl frnrtn
agnoomeni with tbo United States, and
tbo people, It seems to mo, with this
Croat question to decide, aro going
to tbo polls'not to register party views
but rather to express their honest
convictions on a question, which to
I' my mind has two very Important features. Ono feature ofthts agreement
Is this; 't'bet by removing the customs, tariff, which amounts to about
IS par iwst on all «ttr natural product*
many of wWih even now go »ero«»
tho line, It Will undoubtedly Increase
tl»,forsfi» trad* ot Canada. I notice
Unit tl* 'Uoalml Una* Bulletin," a
followingeher example.     ,-, -   ' '•'
, Let .roe offer this one argument In
connection; wth • ths pact.   , All the
statesmen", in" this .country for the past
60 years'-have-,bcon ln favor of secur:
ing this identical arrangement, which
I say we are about to secure today.. I
know, that Mr. King p'bintedothat out
at'"Cranbrook tho other night, though
I dbri't^know" if lie polrited it out here
or   not.-,    I liavo contended on other
platforms that It lias been the policy yot
both'  the-liberals and  conservatives
ever since tho yenr 187D tb secure reciprocity .In' natural products with tho
people- of tho United States,    I have
with.mo the motion of Sir John A. Mac-
dpriald, in which ho Introduced the national ' policy, tho concluding clauses
of which' are to this effect:' - That
there was an expression of hope that
it would Induce the United .States, to
lbwer't,hoIr tariff, and eventually lead
to. reciprocity.    We know also thnt
at that tlmo (In 1879) Sir John A Mac-
do'nnld .Inserted In tho customs codo
a. standing offer lo tho people'ot tho
.United' States. - He made tho offer
that, at any lime tho American Government wero prepared to admit froo into
United Statos tho natural products ot
Canada, wo would be prepared to moot
That; won
thorn In the samo way,
maintained right down to tho''tlmo
whon tho Conservative party went out
of powor In 1890. I can glvo you
quotation after quotation from Sir
Charles Tuppor nnd Sir John A. Macdonaid, In whloh thoy advocuted that
efforts should bo made to socuro this
Identical arrangement that wo aro
Introducing today, But If Mr. Goodovo said tho samo In Fornlo that ho said
In Cranbrook ho Bald; "No, that Is
not right; Macdonaid spoke In Ignorance whon ho snld thnt Sir John A,
Macdonaid was In favor of reciprocity,'
Woll, wo find thnt nil the" parties In
this country hnvo boon agreed on th»
policy, thon It goes a long way in the
direction of showing that It mtmt bo a
desirable policy for Canada, You
can qulto understand that somo of
our statesmen mny bo wrong—thnt a
number of them mny be wrong, but If
they all unite In declaring In favor of
reciprocity, then, In my, Judgment It
room a long way toward proving that
such an nrrangemmit would bO In tbo
best Intorosts of Canada,
Well, now, Mr. (loodovo snld at Cran-
1 ,n.1,   II  n»   »»   <,,   ,.,•   I.,.h'll'-I   <i(     "'•
A, VnortrmMd wm In fnvor of roHprp
city with tho United States; "I repeat that tn ISO), whon ho dlnsolved
tho hoiiso, Sir John A. Macdonaid gave
as his reason that ho desired the sane-
Mrtn   nf  tton  r\/wnlr»  tn  nr>««   «;»  .-<"*
procal arrangements with tho United
States, and he «cnt Mr, Foster and
other reprosontatlvcs to Washington
to endeavor to tecuro this arrangement. I say that Blr John pat himself
on record In 1891 ,in his addrow (a
copy ot which uppeswd recently
tho "Montreal Gstette") and. h* said In
test addreu:
"W«!*re perftetly witling to trade
with you on equal terms. \V« aro
dMlrous of having a fair reelprpclty
treaty, but we will not agree to bpsa
our markets to yon whllo yonrt re-
main t\amo to st.11
theyroronto News, the leading party
organ of the Conservatives, came out
with a "strong editorial' denouncing the
arrangement.    And how did the right
about .turn.,, tako place? ,. It was the
Interests.  , And tho whole of tho Conservative'party, led by Mr., Borden,'repudiated ,; the 'principles of thoso that
wenthj'befbrV them b'^ changing their
entire policy. ,  Wos'lt at the Instance
of any" organization representing the
great masses of tho people of the"country? 1 I/say' It,was 1 not.    You know
that In thb; City of Toronto somo 18
Liberal millionaires signed a manifesto
ngainbt tho now, tariff proposal.   You
know that In'Montrenl the Interests
there, tho .plutecratB of wealth   and
powof, got'up ln arms and thb Conservative , party, led hy -Mr. Borden,
commenced to danco to their music,'
Nobody con point to any organization
representing, tho gront masses of tho
pooplo of Canada who urged Mr, Borden and.,tho Conservative party  to
take tho stand tliey did on this quostlon. ' Why, ladles and gontlomon, It
Is a well-known fact that the farmora
",n! an enormou<« delegation to Ott.owt
to-request this vory agreement, and
at the proflont tlnis your labor organisations'aro endorsing tho reciprocity
pact*   Tho Trad0 and Labor Congroflu
of Cannda Is In session In Calgary, nt
the present tlme.nnd I noticed from tho
paper that they havo endorsed tlie
policy of. tho Liberal govommont with
regard to tho now tariff regulotlonh.
Tho Dominion Trades and Labor Con-
gross is an organization with a groat
mombershlp and,, a tremendous powor,
nnd In tholr convention thoy havo ox-
pressed their approval.    I rim not going to say absolutely that tho nowis-
papor report must of necessity bo correct, but tho probability Is that It Is,
I say, Indies and gontlomon, that tho
opposition to this pact has como from
tho monled tnterosls of this country,
It has como from the plutocrats of
wonlth nnd powor, who woro novor
yot In favor of nny nrrongomont by
which tho trado of tho country would
ho given protection, or anything dono
In tho principles of protection, or any
reduction made In tho costs of tho no-
cofisltles of lifo to tho great consumers
In this country,
After making this general rofowmco
to tho proposed reciprocity trwity I
wmit in w>f/»r frt •nm« of Hwi ImnAftf*'
of It.    I want to make this «tnt/»mont \
first, thnt ono result of this reciprocal]
arrangomont which Isof groat Import-1)'
Hiico to ovory Individual In this I'ro-i
vlnco ls thnt It will result In a great j
r*duotlon In the rost nf Hvlmr. rtnrMcn.1
Inrly to tho pooplo of British Columbia.     It Ib a somowhat dry subject
to go Into, but It seems to mo that It;
Is of vital Interest to us, becauso If
the cost of living. Is reduced, then It
will be to tho Interest of every Indlvl-
dJ.it to vote In favor of It.     Nobody j
will deny that tho uest of living In]
Hi*  piovlnco hit* reached oxeutwlve
proportions at this period.     It bas
mounted upwards to *u<h an extent
that It Is barely pontble pveri for people who aro m roootpt of fair wsgo*
to subsist and have a decent margin
/'7-V-A deposit' of-One Dollar opens afsq-vings
'':;'account in the-HomeBank arid Full Compound
"Jnferest js   paid at  the   highest bank-rate.
•'.There is no formality"in'opening anVaccount—
\ 'Call in and leave your name and address and
■'  *■'•    ■,."    ... '-'■'-, - * , -
I ;take your. pass-book.   Jf you are away from
x town"'and- need. money you may make a7with-.
»'- drawal from your   account,   with  the Home
Bank, through the, mail.;
JOHN ADAIR, Managen Fernie
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets ....'..., "40,000,000,
The Bank of Hamilton > has   made
," saving simple—by ellmlnatin' gall un-
- necessary Bank formality.,
An accburit may be opened with the
,.. deposit of one dollar—even so small
,""   an amount'will act as an incentive to
, steady savirig and -' will quickly grow
-to a sum,worth-while.       " ,
Head Office:
Agent     ^   HAMILTON   .
n ;
),   *       '      -«1    l    k"
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
Joe Grafton
B. C
nanatcltl upmtuitguc»mciI«|  Aal H" <• IMtoiiuim loiter. TMr
Aeroplane Races Every Day
"Pioneer Days in the Palouae"
1120,000 Will He Spent on ThU ExhN
Greatly lncret»ed Prize*
Many New uittet, Open tu AW
Write fl*r Prmlum IM ami IMv Program
217  Hutton BlocH,
(CootlfiMd on pago <)
** *' '»*'■ y^f1^ wn"!*. g-g.^.g'r
mmmmmm fc--
"      . .." .,,' r      '"' ' ,'ji ,'      '    ' i
^Published every. Saturday"morning at it's office,
- PeUat Avenuei Fernie, B.107'Subscription $1.00
per year in.advance.   An "excellent advertising
. •medium;'?: Largest circulation in tlie District; Ad-
7fe*rtisihg rates o& application. Up-to-date facilities
.for. the, execution of .all kinds of book, Job and
color work.'' Mail orders receive special attention.
'Address all,communications to The District Ledger,;
" ' t --,." \ .      J. W: BENNETT, Editoi\ r
Telephone No. 48.'   : \'„„ Postoffice'Box No. 380
Ik- f«T.
fa ■
- '-.••-.' '"
5*%^"      ,
•> "     I
4t>'', *"
HE deadlock in the British1 Columbia and
. Alberta coal fields continues.   ' It will be
remembered that the miners   completed   their
agreement and refused to renew it under the old
schedule unless an aggregate advance of 12Vo
,  per cent'was granted. The operators replied with
y" -".an offer of 7 per cent., but this the miners refused
-  -to consider.    A governmental board of enquiry,
under the.Lemieux Act, after hearing both sides
suggested an offer of 10 per cent, to the men, but
;     again tho miners proved obdurate, and are still
demanding'-the* I21/0 per cent,, (aggregate) raise.
From latest advices we, learn that the offer of
ten, per cent still holds -goody.  Owing to the
.^widely scattered area of the c"oalfields,e'ach mine
'• appears to" have its own particular grievance, and
... what suits one mine, might not be'acceptable to
- tlie other.     Altogether, the situation-is becoming
unbearable, but there are those who seem to think
that-a solution will be-found after* the general
/elections on,the 21st .of 7thin month,"Phoenix
Pioneer.      \ ,",'<"*** \       ,    ; • -
- *•" The above extract. contains   inaccuracies   that
; might be excusable if" appearing in a'publication
far'away-from the seat" of the trouble, but in this
instance no such/apology can be advanced as an excuse for misrepresentation, and although we dislike to attribute it to malevolence; there is only pne
other explanation thinkable, and;that is—ignorance
of the facts of'the' crassest kind.", This we can
. scarce "consider likely because .the statements made
show in themselves that,-atnleast, a' general out-
- line is in possession of the writer.   ' '-
'   ' .."The operators replied with" an-offer,of 7 per
'■' cent."'    This is a mis-stateni'ent' as the"offer was
5!55 pe/*ceht.^   The*, most' glaring mis-statements
(the' intensity being accentuated because of the par-
* tial'truth it contains), is the assertion that 10 per
- dent Avas offered to the men as aresult of the'.Con-
-ciliation Board's.findings..    This'10-per-cent was
wagc^scale of '$3.00 and less, i.e., this was the recommendation of" Chairman* Gordon, but the--'operators1, representative Colin Macieod amended the
above'by excluding the $3.00 men from participating in the 10 per cent increase. From $3.00 to
$3.50,-Gordon suggested 8 per cent; Macieod. exclusive and over $3.50, 5 per cent increase. These
i ratc3 were applicable only to tlie day wage, men;
imd afc an.offset to the above,reductions were suggested for the men working pillars.     »
This explanation puts a very different light on
.the subject than ono not acquainted with the'details would infer from the garbled statements ,of
' tho Phoenix Pioneer to whom wo intend to send
n marked copy of the foregoing, leaving it to the
editor's .sense of fairness-to decide the course* to
THIS week we "were-* given-a. copy, of "fa:- paper-
- . -backed book on "The Canadian-Kaval Ques-
• tion'.' * containing addresses^del\vered "!**by -'' Give
"Phillips-Wolley, F.R-.C.S.,-yice^PresidentNavy LeaJ
gue. "We "were informed that a number of copies had
been distributed' among'the school children. *- ,Quite
right! Catch' them,while^, ydurig,Vever, bearing in
mind"that "As the twig is hjeriftKe tree.is inclined,"
This is a free ;country^.we"'tfre told,'hence if.an
individual sees fit to give "away, funny papers, religious tracts or, even--boots .'arid shoes, well; why
shouldn't he?' No ground for.argument as the proposition is self-evident).but*we;"on the other hand,'
^reserve pur right-to,criticize'.the; contents of the,
book itself which, by the way,-is printed in Victoria
by,Richard -Wolferiden, I.S.O., V.D., Printer'to, itie
King's Most- Excellent Majesty. "■     .-7 - .
As a~ literary masterpiece it" cannot advance any
particular-claim,-but'tb one not wholly devoid"pf a
sense of humor, we would strongly,recommend it
as an excellent tonic, because of the sublimely.ridi-
.culous (so, enriched by its very naivete) mental contortions .that must be performed, by "one so superlatively egotistical as the* writer must be, judging
by some of his observations.       - ^        ,    y
-' On page 7 Ave read:    , -     '^ .   ''
•-"I   believe' that   God   created   the   world,
I believe that Christ came to teach the world,
and I believe that the'British Empire exists to
To haye^'a : lame-back-or" painful
stitches means* disordered Rldheys,and
the"sooner ybuihave*thp -Kidneys'and
Bladder ,in'y^p^
tion the'sbjgner you wiiferijby-llfe't"As
far as, wo .know^there^is^oniy/one'Ve:
medy that is'guaranteed W'>"cu"ro',,ypu'il
and that7is<FiqiPILLs>;iIf 'they.don't
make bii afatrbng^'healthy; person/in
two' weeks*, -ydntxjrmo&ey" will c ba* tre*
funded.- ^t'all.'dealersJr25c.vperv*box,'
or The Fig'Piir,Co., St.' Th'omas^pntl
*"""* ^*.     -*   '''■ ^-cSi/^'ijs        ■-     ^\2r-'- ».y^~ '
FRbiiT'-CENTIGRADE 77 ,'i 77-7 L •_■
■   -   - -    '=."; ';%"■.-' ">  ■   ' *''  * s;'-  ' *>
-.  -"77.   .TO FAHRENHEIT
-•-The common ^'thermoriiewr - system
we" use to £eir how* hot -It is' is "the
Fahrenheit; 7the ;scientifIc''?niethod is
the centigrade,-which is mua decimal
basis. ,;, Occasionally - medical or en;
glneerlng" directions are given lri centigrade, and-It is then" well .to- know
how to turn this.into the,system by
which our own! thermometers are
made. .*-",-      ,,    ,     '   .,.-'.
The easiest iriethod' is to riiultlply
the, centigrade temperature' by 2,. deduct-1-10.of the product and add-32.
Thus 30 degrees centigrade,multiplied
-'. -j .-.-.^ -t-"s
.'!'A ,
;'■_   -ftft.^ .■*?£.
r\<~   \*'<r
" ff !**•
^--r; aV
7Vf V\V
• "AustraliaV'™"™Eg»t-,--'''^-:.7,''Iaifi»    ' ^-r.-" ' PenU<■-■■ -f^- 'Sw?'.-; '.   '>y-"-'-     .1
'.. i - Austru-Hunfftry'-. Fsros Uaafe       	
v '    Braril - '{></;i\sltatmam\ '
PtaBpptaaUttfe; Sweden; ,        .,
Fahrenheit temperature. iThls Is a
method simple';and good "to knowf in
an emergency.Switchmen's Journal. ■ '"
'-,'--     .. -"%<■•    " '  »--' -   t-.'   .
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosphonorreatorts cv'-fy nerve in thebody
        to its' proper, tension; restores
vim and vitality., Premature decay and all sexual
weakness averted at once. - Fhosphonol will
make you'a new man." Price 18 a' box. or tv:-. foi
;*>. Mailed to any address The Scoboll VrufT
Co., St. CBtliarlnes.Ont.' '»y.
For ■ Sale  at ■ fiieasdeU's  Drug  Store
WINNIPEG, Man., Sept. 0.—0. P. R. dropped
, six points today in Now York and Montreal, and
' is'now quoted nt 2187s.    A fow months uro it
wiisa'247.    Borlhtholders arc Boiling heavily."
PlcnRo nolo that Borlin in tho ahovo caHO is not
in Ontario but in Germany. Iloch dor Knisor und
'•Der Tap?!" Bo yo patriotic and don't difimombor
tho Empire" is what "Patriot" Sir William Van
Homo lellH hiR audience. At tjiia point loud and
-frenzied applause inlorruplH tho spenltor. SlioutR
of ITip! Tlip! TToornyl Flags nrp waved and the
audioiu'o overwhelmed with onthnsiiism hrealts onl
in song, flomc sinRinK "For ITc'r a Jolly Good Pol.
low," and others "God Snvo tho Kinp*." Before
tho noise dioH down a tolcRram i« lianded to tho
orator which upon oponini? he readR:
"Puerto Prineipo, Cuba.—A Rli|?hl cnrUufiinko
has demornllzed Iraffie; prineipal danniRe com-
plolo (lestruction of bridge near Arroyo Seen.
Expoefc operntionN to bo resunied within two
CrushiiiK the note and piiNhlni; it in his eapaeious
ponltet, turnln(.j lo his audionco ho miys:
"And now, my friends, remember that the den-
tiny of this great and glorious country of ours is
in your hands lo make or dcfitroy; let us, therefore,
put aside those sordid thoughts of dollars and cents,
put nsido your partizansbip for this time at least
und l.im; u  Duki   tiu*t   ul tin; oilu.ilioii;    i\ol b>
hulWiw; mi \.)t<i utth\M\lt> of that woU-kiiown ^ma-
dian Jomes J. Hill, but by inereasing tlio revenues
of Hint truly Canadian institution the O. P. R.,
nnd by so doing earn tho undying gratitude nf
,;- 45- Steam-Heated  Roomn
s»..—. ^  '     ,      ,
by;two-equals'60; minus 1-10 of 60,-or
spread Christ's doctrines and to illustrate 'them," 6- -^uals' G*:-il«?. 3^ equals 86;'the
oven though imperfedtly, by its practice and here
I lay-the foundation of my.plea on'behalf of-the
y Navy League,'whose work it is" to secure the
,   maintenance,, of that supremacy at- sea .upon
^ which the continued power of,the British Empire
'Depends.".   , -1 ■ .N      > ,y""' , '.',
^Chawming! Delightful!' Refreshing!-'A most
captivating credo for the days of Clive or the-Buc-
caneervMorgan, but "somewhat, out of day in,this
up-to-date'"epoch of'Commercialism. "'Translated
into more simple, language, it should read:   -.
"I believe that God created the world for the exclusive benefit' of the British.v,who shall hold dmri-
anion over^ the rest of the nations"By virtue of their
prowess as expert slaughterers. "•.'     '-. ' .
Then after so .'confessing, the balance of those who
are unfortunate enough to have entered upon life's'
stage on a spot not owned by the British? then they
should pray1 to be brought,under its sway. Here
arc the" words: '.- Y_ v 7_ _•=■-.„. ' -. .
"If there be no' great'fallacy in this.creed,"tlie
the supremacy and continued activity of- the British Empire .is not only a condition that we should
work for, but one for -which'-the whole world
'should pray."      ,;•!■ y
The .opening remarks'of the "above sentence evidences theYpossibility of'.a gleam of .light having
beamed'oacross the benighted brain—"If there be
■nn- "y?°t .f?Jl?.?y.- in this5 cre°d'M - This however-
m\ist;have been exceedingly^.transitory, otherwise
it is .impossible to explain the last clause—"but
one for, which the whole world, .should pray"!
Had this been limited, to the British Empire, with
its various races of people and different creeds,'
one might not-.be surprised too, greatly, but that
the whole world should pray is honestly uproariously funny. Imagine for a moment the Kaiser of
Germany, the President of France, the King of
Italy,,tho President of the United States, the Mikado of Japan and the King of Siam linked arm-
in-arm and praying that.thoy should he included
in the, British Empire. This is a joke that should
bo handed down to posterity!;'        ,' .  -
npIIE situation shows no appreciable approach to-
* wards a settlement, with the result that many
are asking themselves what is going to happen this
winter? '
Thai tho operators cannot advance tho excuse that
tho coal consumers will refuse to pay tho higher
price resulting, from any increased cost of production places the blame -upon their shoulders' and
theirs alone for all tho suffering and distress,that
may onsuo becauso of tho obdurate stand they Have
adopted-    ,\ .'-".'
, Thoso whoso vision is impaired by tho eloBor proximity of the dollar to their eyes causing thorn to bo
afflictod with blindness to every other aspect, will
attribute tho blame to the coal miners and expect
that thoy will mibmit. Wo view it differently.
That tho cofit of living has advanced nt a greater
rale than the wages nobody can ilonyj that if wo
expect to prevent the standard of living being low
nred every resistnneo is necessary, becauso thoso to
whom "profit" is their All in All do not intend to
mnko any concessions that will seriously affect thoir
vosted rights, unless compelled to do ho, Thoy are
perfectly "right" in sn doing. ."Right"'and
"wrong" aro relative terms, dependent for their interpretation upon tho Powor that is behind them.
. A '.glorious victory" that fails in en lied "treason," but "trofiRon" thnt succeeds is called a "glor-
ions victory."
The unrest that permeates society everywhere
today is indeed nignifiennt, neither countries nor
eri-eds make the slightest difference, it is ondciir'cul
(peculiar to) tho oxisting regimo nnd cannot bo
cured by nny of tho pnnnoonH offered by. the npolo-
fji.-u.'. mi tut: MHiiii'WiuU'i. ot. Mullen tlm itmy Ulv,
t:K'i!,i;/' llu) iUiit)\.{t,lvid<.h Uihhi tlio iiaiuea.oi! iui-
ciprocity or Anti.Rcciprocily, High Tariff, Low Tariff or Remedial Reform.    It is futile to attempt
to oxpect a permanent euro for a leakage caused
i.. . j .. ..i.   i •     i,,. ii . i» i    , i ,    •
like manner may wo compare Old Ago Pensions,
Compensation Acts, Sonp Kitchons, nnd other palliatives, becauso al though they mny stay tho "leak-
ngo" for n brief space of time and bo of benefit to
a relntivoly small pewontngo of sufferers, tho relief is but transitory. Gild tho pill,ns we mny tho
Wiping bin nuHHivti brow, tin* Hpimki-r lulu* Ihh outer covr.rhig \* quickly Kkughed, dihcUmiug lh»
Furniture Store
Highest PricesyPaiil
• ^CeySn   l.-r. 7,.WAq6dm*ChSmYaiti.  .> :, 7-"-'-RumU >'* yV-; -, United Stato 7- ,yv-\,y    .
' , ' China -'- '"'V' CmrtBntebi \;;M»ko - %-";*" ..SUmy-V,;> ..& lift* btim,.**}* %.> '*f;~i
\The amount of tliese drafts is stated in the »«ney"of thejwuntry.where they are p»yv-;r.y, jc-
*able";Uiat is'they'are,dnawnf,in steriin^francs, barks,J're, KronenJ florins;'yen," -y^y
""Uels, roubles, etc., as the .case'may be. .This-easures-that' the- paye«'^abroad vrill _■';.>" ;-yv
ueceivethe actual amount'Intended. -' - •';"y,';, '*"';,', ,s',,,'" ?-* .---7 "> .."'AlSSyiy'71-j.
- FERNIE: BRANCH y,>-tJ:v- ''-^ T ~:'^'- ~.r    L.1. A. ;S7DACK,: Managed V' '*'-'?
Secondhand' Furniture,: 8toves,
\V'.'...\ y <7y> ^/"y."
Toots,' etc, - also Ladies' and Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes.7   ,„'   . >w,.v^'
Two-chair Barber,Outfit for Sale. '.-.-
. »'■'. 7 -'yy "'/7.:1' '".■'•"°\" - "V
' Hot and Cold Baths
•      "'  Vfy{.
yiyl^he King Edwaird
>'----. .'    • .f        '. .     "' v
v.. Fernie's  Leading. Commercial. Hotel   * .,
r« -.
The'FlnestlHotel in East Kootenay'-
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
'-".y'y .-.:.•,    head office;: Toronto '„   {*, 'j^.yyy
Capital Authorised ... .$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed ....- $5,575,0067
Capital  Paid  Up  .;.'...$5,575,000? ; Reserve Fund ..".....'..$5,575,OOoX
;   D. R.WILKIE; President,      ..HON. ROBT JAFFRAY.-yicaipret.
v     '"],    ^BRANCHES   IN   BRITl'SH COLOMBIA:■'>'?'*'»**■-'-■
Arrowhead,"Cranbrook, Fernie,' Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
""  ,;,;.       '* ' vRevelstoke, Vancouver and ^Victoria. ' '   ?        ' 7 . • ■'
,'; - '*!  '• -y'   " savings department,'   [ . ,y'-,r, y ,v y,'',
■' Ir.terest allowed on deposits at current rate front date of deposit/'
FERNIE BRANCH ' -'     GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager '
MANY FEET   *, -■-    -
OR LUMBER •'    ;.,,.='.
aro wasted when it Is not of.
first class quality.   'Knots and
knot holds, soft spots,, etc., are
1 of no' ubo, yotn all, havo to, bo
paid for Just'tho samo.
can bo used. Wo select It so-
carefully that all "culls" nro removed, leaving; only; first class
sorvlcoablo stuff for your ubo.
Prnotico real economy by buying your lumbor hero.'
l,-..-1   ...       ♦..   TT.11        If- • . <
land, tho slock jobber* of the Pari* Bourse- tho
Hoyal ITohho of Sweden, nnd tho many other 'pa-
trJotw' wlio view with nlnrm tho impending doom
thnt thrcntens-to overwhelm Cnnndn should you not
follow tho trmly disinterested ndvfee T nm givin<r
sont, the nudieneo liesido ilself with patriotie.jubi;
Intion nt (ho Mt infliction felt that so long m sutli
men guide the *.hip of $tato tho "British born''
nro scrtiro from the mnebinalions of tho "haled
unpnlntnble part bencnth. Pants i nro stubborn
things nnd must-bo confronted; Iho fcoonor they aro
inve8tigntc.1l the quicker they wilt bo \mderHtood,
nnd whrn 1h<-y «rv, «vtry effort given to aolre the
{vital proMaiu of daily life. '
G. N. R.
Close connection at Rexford with mainline
Trains for Eastern points, Great Northern
Trains and those of connection latest steel
creations of car, builder's art
No change at St. Paul
'Lake route from Diiluth or Chicago via
exclusively passenger steamships
Free side Trip to Niagara
<■ on Eastern Tickets
J. S, THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No.-161 P. O. Box>305
bpticiiil Saturday rate fernie to 'aiko, too, good rrturmnir Monday
,f '•   «
m « .        «nk 1  "•,ov*/nIn.«.nt. chArtcr.      Iilcsl  location,
Mount  Royal^vm$m^#*.^>&
dinln* Jiftll aoulpped and" i'urniihJd "the
very best.    New bulldlnjr.
Claties Open Sept. 1911
srt write
» . rnur"£ »t Study
M«trl«ul«llon. noysl Mllitnry Qo\\tgl
Por C'Hlcrifliir nnd Hsrtletitsrt writ*
KWllir. ftA.
for boy*.
-'    Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
'■;.*-'-;;./or Wood Burner's,'.anii;.-'y
' -•"•'' y;y";    ^WtfbcJ Burners » \ t.   ;'
Ranges and Cook
^y'i -: Ji' M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
/j      am;
'-   ' <    """, ^1 '
'.V\  'I
■O,   ,  }|
l' 7 'M
jL i^ l .      ^,
'"'    .   J " 	
'I    A  ,
AHd Nothing but,tke'Beit-"ln:Freah 7f;£yL
and   Smoked   Meats, <£ Freshy ''an^i-^yy^ lfd».^V\j^fl
Smoked F!sh, Dairy Produce. Pou It ry i.^^7> " f -   7  |l
.Etc.'_Etc.,*gp.toy-:-'y '  -    : -yi7y,yf?yy Jy:y
,7'-rr ^.j^:\ ',--'
.7.<v'vi y.yi,.
THE 41r   MARKET   CO.
--?,■* >* '-     yr . •' - pHoNE 4?'
:-*yyy -y,y-y, '.-. y ^ J/, \y-^~>*■:•* jiw '- .-,*'.-■•,.y.*'.-;-..r
'Cy:' ■: o ^Snivl-baiisy^; "'"■ .&:
Money; to^ Loan on first7classrBusiv
'    ' .'■". 7,>-    -,, -''   ■"  '••""' 7' ,_-;   '.  ^      ' '^.j. .-'-'"''. " •
ness and ^esi'dent^proj^erfy
f   ,v.;.\
yElectrlc Lighted,    . ,     yy 7.7 7,., _",      Steam Heated
. .    CENTRALLY LOCATED   \. . \-
The WalMf Hotel
(   .First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot'and Cold Water    , :L, A. Mills, Manager
Food Choppers
1 \ -      n
90c to $3.50
J. D. Quail
"THE "Universal"   Pood
Chopper chops ell kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables—
raw or cooked
-aa coarse
or fine as
i rvr-w      nn(^
with the
knife and
Buy the genuine "Universal."
^d&Jftm^ImM lN,,Ml?Vgo?d business
WZVm'wJi] stationeryio advertieii./?.-
^  tj*j ^MUifjietn *Mm&Zm
cs> it's not eo muon ins taste
of tho man producing the ,
matter, as tho consldcra- J:
tion of what will appeal
to tho people he desires
to roach. Still, yoMyonr-
solf will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
/ good paper and printing.
*"       May we »lw>w. you iamplc« >
* /
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*-■  ■   , •_ :,.*'*..
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y- :'h>."\vi,;; ■ >^>i.7,yyy7,y;yr-s^yiy^-^;^7'■*£ry7y^$„y     * yy7^,74^#lrT^v ~w7y^y/:   -    y
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yyi-^^y-r'sy.'y^y^yy^- y?ryj>y;;;c/:^J^y,7--i,\7^^§1|;;-':y'i.^y •    ', /--yyyy-y    '■   ..7?vy:    "7''-,-/
?i~yypy ^j^^^y^y^ ^ [■j^J^-^^^-'■•-'*' '•■'"■   iv^^t   |&   ".
< 7-- yw"-
f\" ."-.-. '^v
y?f ;*.-y^y-7^ --,*:.--• yc-■">• '•r^v^/r-^-^-^'-^'vV^M^  '•>"•-"*»i'='''   •   '    ."^-77-7^^'yi "->'" :<-'-■*"•-    "     -    '-.--vv    -          ./..,-• 7,7.-.  ^\
'•■•-.-   »' i-
L',*i-"'=v.-- -'
if ♦"♦ •.^^♦;^V<#
■_>'-♦' ♦;<► ♦•,♦--♦;♦ 4
•Presents "•: to'-'Mryand;
Aisd.sald"to the linp wlio.answered,the
;^?7-^■,beU^r:;yy^V^7*'• ?77;y
around'. to-^-Oh;
.   \: -7--*.; •?..,*:.
'' y' O'Brien; omittedVfrom1.last, week:- *,7,7
^■'V:,7;Fr6m°"Mlne: Officials;arid- friends—
-!;;-'jyThermos Coffeo,Pot;^cbmpleto~e©i';of
^6ytable',cutlery^y- j?\*%a~\. 7>y  -.'■"
~-ly; 7'7^Mrs" ChaslO'Brien—Flower andsfrult
r fe?) stand A &$\ + .■)$:. /:C< V y\ ;. ■ v .
P'-aX r-i-v,; MlssT- lEdltHV; L'arigdon—Silver.. cake
yi'i^f-^y^y:,,*-•.--•■-.•::.;, ; ,
7vF 7"">. • District Board Member" J M. Smith
i"',7 7,anil Mr.Thomas'Francelieft' here' last
i*=*'-7 "** Saturday .to'jattenid the'Trades and La-
,bor" Congress' at'.Calgary - 7 -.*?.-. '
. <j Mrs. T.j France and-Mrs. T.. Oakley
- were ylsltlng friends in'iMlctiel -last
7 week-end,,,'.-" y ,"-' >v __ -y".",...-^
1 '. Robt Fairclough has been7 taking In
-■"the; sights Jotj- Baynes:Lake. last;", week
c'and {returned, with' a few nlce^ducks
: .las't"* Saturday."''■'."■*;*'_ 77, '<- 7:;"-5:->7.y ;
,- * Mr,and' Mrs.. Alex, Almond;-(father
yand mother' of Mrs. Jos' "Wbrthlngton)'
.,; are taking In tho'rslgfitB of- Coai,Creek
V this week. ■' ■■ ■•■.,,• '". ''"- -4.,- .■'.''"" .-7,;
v. v- :'. ,'A little boy named ErnestfJfedig had
'';»the' misfortune to' fall off a'.' packing
'■^case/on'-.Tuosday; aiid- .fracture 'his'
,rfjlghtarm;.' ';* •- yy*/'- ""'"' V^'t-v;
;'J^,,LHtle7 Mabei" Mitchell. also' had, her
; ;.;ieg severely crushed'with, a large rock'
yi'which'slipped away, from'an old. tree
I7,i-y"8tump when she-was playing againstlt
I ;,7.y last 'Sunday. * v". *y :_ .';:7 y"/y-"7*.y1.;
;y;; .-tTtils camp'has'^been^ In.the ^throes
•lr'\J.'of the election during the past"1 weeki
'•?   '    ".AL-.m j       " ,__   «»*.'..5ln'  «--3
"Escort' this.v fellow
; --;7.y! tnever^mlnd'i
Teil-Satari'-to give^Mm a- seat.alonOff:
On a^red' hot; griddle, near. theVthrbne.
But;stay; even;."the'Devil- ca"nJtVstand
._ 77 -'7the"."smeH;y ;y '7-;yyfr;* y
'Of- a; co^icirigyscab' oa "a griddle in-^
"•.-'.„vr,-(as befqre). yiry-.v. '7.,.
It.-would 'cause*-a' revolt of'a1 strike,!
y.7.-!:-" loibw- ■"  V-;--^y yyvy.
If I sent you down with the imps below,
Sol go, back' toljrour masters "on earth
/yyy'and^iy;^"* :7y'^7^'y. 7
That" they, don't even 5jrant,'a.'scabvln
^ ;y • :'in-^Yesf7 ,' *'' v7 / , ^ i ■ - 7
,r-'  7Pn-.Tue8°?y morning Mr. A^S. Good-
'ciyoyo, Conservative.candidate,"addressed
."77ia;large audience In'the.CluhiHall 'Mr
; v-X! J..."Shanks in- the chair.''  The cha^
//x;1-" 'man-briefly, reviewed the policy"of the
'Conservatives, and also gave a guarantee" that   questions j .and/ discussion
VWpuld/be allowed after" the. meeting.
r The .'.speaker,, (Mr.'. Goodeye). 'gavb ""a
report* of his ."stewardship, during'the,
f)    "ytlnib, he'had beenin the house. _"'Qubt-
\v.-lng largely from'Hansard.-" After the
■'" audience; had*listened' attentively "to
- .him; for sometime he said he ..would
l< answer.,questions, but In. the,manner
y"'adopted^ by, the. Conservatives during
- this campaign^he'shut his questioners
;; :iip and,evade*d questions.. On 'VVednes-
i.''.'!ay afternoon we were visited^ by Dr."
'7''King. andMessrs. Fisher and EckBteln"
i- 'and.In spite'of.the,Inclemency,of the
7weather,  the .room.; was ■ packed.   to
«"-the door,. Harry' Mlard/of Coal Creek',
0   "being'In the chair. ''Before introducing speakers,; the, chairman. told .the
:,: audience ttfoy'^re? feVlIberlj^tb Vbk'
. any question; or the^would .allow any
'* , of the opposition to occupy tho -plat-
i„ -form.,   Eckstein' led off the meeting,
dealing wltn 'the'Compensation',' Act,'
,. .and Emlgratlbn^and'Allen Labor Laws.,
,,:, Dr.".KIngthen addressed tho. meeting.
•   'Before resuming his seat tho candidate
7 an'Bwerod a number of,questions. -'Mr;
,    Fisher .then captivated his audience by
"... hla forceful arguments, also answering
\ questions., ' After this Comrado Gray
.  , (Socialist)' took the platform and mado
a good splol on behalf of the workors.
,r^~. Tho meeting lasted for two and. a half
V hours ond groat attention.was given
■ " to all tlio speakers.
•'■-1 oiight^to gc^a' good reward ,.'   "
For nbvor owning a union: "cnrd.". ■
r* J'vo never grumbled, I never struck,-
,.   I've never mixed with union truck}'
But I must, be going my ,way to win, r
> So open, Saint Peter, and lot mo in, - -
.   Saint Peter sat and stroked his staff,
Despite hlfl office, ho hod to laugh. -
Then, said ho, with a fiery gleam In his
■   oyo—       7,   -'""
*'WHo la tondlng this gato, you or I?
"■'   l'vo heard of yoi* nnd your glft.of tho
You nro what oh enrthls known as a
Thereupon ho aroso, In his statute tal],
And prwiHod n button upon tho wall, *
♦ ♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦•♦ ♦;♦ '♦ ♦ ;«►.
♦*y y-""-* : ":y*7-y -... ■.■:♦:
♦... --.-HOSMER,; NOTES.. ♦,*
♦'",       -. * By "Krltlk." ..-.'«"
♦ '      *-   y^y-';-',- '   (.,,.-   '  ■' .♦
♦.♦'♦ '"•»:♦ ^C* ♦ ♦^ ♦ ♦ ♦,
" Dr-^Kay'" drove (oJFernie Saturday -'
'Miss Agnes7Gburlay left on-Monday
Jtr'7;Vancouver, afterwards she.will" go
to Seattle,-.where"ishe',wlli-attend the
academy'*of music there.  .     ;'.■■ '".'
■  -•      :'...,   ',   - .... ,-■■>  ■-■.-    -; '< : •;>.
Work j on, the- new ■ C.' P.. R. station
is' being" rushed along,"- the basement
being now complete, and It Is expected
'that'-jit-wlll J>e' fit '-for'occupation? by
November. ■;-* •<■ ■""'•.' :ry   ',    -;='-.-. " ,
> MrB* Collins,'-of "the Alberta Hotel^
Pincher Station, is ylsitliig her parents
her 'this 'week V'' ■' ■' ■ ■ ''s* ■ - ' •"
";;')Mr'aha-M,rs Frank Labelle entertaln-.
~ed a number of friends on" Sunday at
the baptism' of their ilttle, son. <• Rev
Father Jeune performed the "ceremony,
.and a sumptious dinner.was partaken
of and a pleasant afternoon spent ' - :-
. Rev Father' McNeil,' of Mission.CItyr
has been appointed as; "parish, priest
of Hosmer and; Is expected to - arrive
anyvday.    ''-*.y; y>/'='-y',
•Mr and' Mrs;-Stbckett "and Mr and
Mrs Wilson, Mr and Mrs. Kelly, Messrs
Tom Stockett," Marx. and" Drummond
spent Sunday ln,Elko.7y J  -,' ' ,-_ .,
Dr andi-Mrs., Asselstlne-drove over
from (Fernie' and! paid . a .visit; to . the
hospital'on Sunday., *,', "7y
'-Born—To, Mr' and'.-Mrs.^Slinn, ,'on.
Sunday,: Sept; 10th,' a Boni y y"' ',
-VjDr'and Mrs\Anders6ni"-of; Fernie,
visited- Mr arid Mrs Kendal 'on ^Sunday
and,Mondayrf>"' •' •-"''*,'" .'"v'7     ■    -"'
^-Mr. Wright - sold >• his .house and lot
^♦^ ♦ ♦ ♦* ♦♦'^"'♦"^♦.'♦•♦;
.♦:*.*-   -.,   CORBIN*NOTES'^y^f*
.♦,; "*'    .      By-Warbler-'yy^^y-:'^
.♦•"  V- ;--' ,7y Vs-^O:^-'*
♦ ;<►♦"♦,♦ ♦,♦♦"♦-♦•♦ "♦♦
/•The departure of-George {'ir'Martin
for, parts unknownis cause for) general
regret. 7May good 'luck "attend hlni
wherever he goes'.'-;.'' There was a-large
crowd, including ladies, at7the; depot
to' wish"him""gbod-bye,;,but for, future
occasion would suggest .that the.ladiea
supply.themselve)svbefore hand- with • a
plentiful 'supply;'of weep' wlpersV.y *"
- Ijt. is: indeed-: remarkable-' that'.some'
would-be gambler's fall- to- payl, their
debts,'as It "prevents some'men from
drinking on ' Saturday',,,'nights.. 7. ";-
'.'The game season now" being open",
some of-bur. local- NImfods noted for
their, bravery started out for several
days sport, but we cannot regard them
this time tb have shown 'themselves In
a? very : good light, as 'they., had /to
use candles, ln .order to reach - their,
slumber robes before day light. Try
again, boys, but take'more tallows next
time.-,.'   ,,y y ■-,y  7y y,,
' .If you don'tTwlsh to be' a ''wali-flow;.
er"' bring,along-your' partner to.f.the
weekly dance. -•*>','. ;., ,'y. ,".'y--'^,«->'"
We have been asked Why. were* the,
strikers ^ln Great "Britain ,' victorious"?
Perhaps, one,, reason for-their success
was-;the"Immigration'of7the backslid^
ero "arid soreheads to C——       ,     "*
(Continued, fron? page 1)
-' "Has
any one seen Kelly?"     No!
'•Bo!"     Who says
that'we have.riot,some of the handiest
inen in),Canada up .here?^ Bricklayers
and,,„lampirien' "are rushing carpentry
to a finish'.before the snow flies.
,yRock picker's on the athletic grounds
are' not' much* In evidence" lately.
7What's;the,matter?,. When'will the
grounds, be] ready for,- the ^coming
sports?7'7;-. Echo .answers, When?
.Probably, some of the,boys will be
surprised .'to learn that Jim Sharp, of
Michel, has, arrived'here and is flre-
bosslng. y.-';". I- ',«.'. '/ ' •.
Take a tumble an<j get'next|-Sam.
Prefach riot what-you practise, but practise what you preach. • '.
' E; J. Roberts >. was on a tour of Inspection this week and seemed to be
ffeU." pleased- with :.thlrigs, generally,
''," Berinie Lewis ls another of those that
we anr'sorry to see leave our midst.
The. ladies will" miss - him. but .cheer
from Hansard, ,7 and .metaphorically
'smiting Mr; A. J. Fishei\hip an^ thigh,
and from head to* foot, he gave place to
the Hon> Richard;-who was. billed "to
discuss" 'Reciprocity'-; in its' national
aspect, He touched .'upon the scandals
of the.Laurler reglirie with which" most
of the reading public are! familiar,, referred'to, the straits'1 of desperation to
\vhlch the Premier of- Canada was reduced, that one of'his arguments;.when
visiting his -„Qld haunts, was that he
still retained; his old family pew,' this
was mentioned as an Instance of the
recognition that'Sir .Wilfrid had lost
that confident sense of victory iri the
present struggle^that has characterized bis, previous" attitude prior to an
election. He- then regaled the audience, with some-flag waving rhetoric,
but In making some reference to British-', f airplay there-was considerable"
division of opinionv,very audibly,yexpressed "by several .members of the
audience charging .the Conservatives
with'*-failure- to - practise, what' they
preach.) ,,;s.   -7    y y.  .'y   "-   ,
',-The.'winding up of the speech was
an'.appeal to the electorate "with a
plentiful sprinkling of soft soap to "the
Socialists to,Vote for Mr.^Goodeve on
the 21st7a"nd by so doing' show their
dissatisfaction ,wItho the" policy of Reciprocity.;-which was the "seed from
which annexation" would sprout.
" Below are'the'questions that "were
handed up,to; the chairman:
W. R. RossyWho) was responsible
for sending te'special police to Coal
Creek? -The"-"Attorney General's Department having1 disclaimed responsibility Is "It "customary to allow subordinates .power'to'increase their forces
without, first "consulting their superiors?" Docs not^the fact that when
the' Provincial Chief Constable "came
and,found,\that4 there, was' no justifiable cause, for., the-presence »of r- the
specials'prbve^by-their removal, that
someone hadrblundered? The question is.-WHO WAS THAT SOMEONE?
tax'bri"7the staples'of life. 7 What had
Mr.-'Goodeve.to say in reply to this£7
See*'reply. 7'- .**7 ''
'.■iThe" Premier—Has .the Premier any
knowledge- regarding the -drafting' of
troops frbrii Regiriatb.Lethbridge, Cal-
' -gary and^,'other' points along the
Crow's Nest Pass?'-"Is. he aware that
statements - have .been, made' ln the
press-that a detachment of the R.,N.
W." M.r P men ,have been* senf to the
coast to femain'-for" the winter but in
the event of hot'being" called into-requisition that they'will return to Re-
glna?—Not- even considered.  "   *- ■'" -.
WHY NOT TAKE THE '   ,  "     '
j Imperfect Kidney Action
Cauiei Rheumatiim
• Rbeumatiim with it* kindred ailments
—'Lumbago, Wry Neck, Neuralgia, etc.,
usually remits -.from lodgments of urle
acid In the joints and muscles. %
Now the chief function of the kidneys
Is to properly filter this poison from tlie
blood,„    .
Only when tliey fall to do this Is
Rheumatiim probable.
Kidney weakness starts In various
ways. A sudden chill, after perspiring
freely, sometimes settles in the kidneys
—or an unusual strain may cause it.
„ Poisons which should be filtered out
of the system are pumped back into the
blood, causing Uric Acid, tbe real cause
of Rheumatism, Lumbago, Wry Neck,
Neuralgia, etc, ...
In the early stages Nyal's Stone Root
Compound wul stop it.
Will start your Vidneys worldnv woo*
erty to that tbe Uric Add u reabsorbed
W)3 cllmbak-d.
- Away goes your Rheumatiim with tt,
Perhaps these early warning twinges
bare passed unbtedra, tad yottr Rheumatism has become deep seated.
Muscles ell snarled up In knots as it
-new'owner js Mr, Ernie" Cox.- ;""":',' ,.
>On.' Monday' evening Dr .Klngy; :of
Cranbrook, Liberal candidate, arid Mr
Eckstein' arid Mr - Fisher,, of, Fernie,
gave Jt^ljJi* viows rori"jE*:ec^rp(:ity' Mr
Marlatt acted' as "chairman* and the
hall was filled to its utmost-capacity
with' almost enthusiastic audience-1^
ail. Liberals!     About thirty, ladles ".assisted. on ,thl8 occasion, and judging
from the, comments on tho arguments
of Dr King'and his colleagues, he has
many warm supporters ln Hosmer (y
'• On TiieBday two. of the|bbllers wero
steamed up to take the, new hoUt
up to B Level where it Is being ln-
satlled and tho old hoist taken down!
On TtsoBday at" four" o'clock Premier
McBrldo,' Mr. Goodeve (Conservative
acndldnte), andMr, Ross, of Fornlo,
spoko to. a very largo audience In tho
opora houBOon thb merits of tho Conservative party, arid_ tho bad effects
which reciprocity would havo on' Canada,    Thoro woro about,40 JadloB present, and while wo,nil pioatly.ndmlrbd
tho able speakers, wo were not convinced.     Mr, Dunbar acted as chair-'
man on this occasion,
- If tho Conservative party lis as cruel
and hoartlosn as somo of Us alleged
supporters, who drovo to" Fornlo on
TuoHdny ovonlng'woro, thoy ought not
to havo tho,support of tho pooplo,"Tho
party who drovo' to Fornio, wbb Mr.
Robert Gourlay, Mr. Morgan, and nn individual conspicuous for his rum jiobo,
This party'oyortook ri lady driving with
a Bmnll boy.    As tlio lady-was unable to turn owing.tq.tlio narrownoBS
of, that part, of tho road  (botweon
Camp No, 3 and town), thoy collided,
with tlio result (hat a whool was broko
on tlio buggy and tho horso put clean
ovor a log into, tlio dltoli.  Tho party
then cnimly drovo on, leaving tlio lady
nnd tho child 10 got along as best thoy
Thb ditch at tho top of tho mountain
nbovo 11 Level is completed, and wator
was turned in on Tuesday. TIiIb
ditch Joins two crooks, thus giving a
groator supply of wator to tho town.
Then joull need Nysl's Rbiuaatlc
Cure, '•• , \ -
Ask year own druggist about these
remedies.      '
, Bis opinion ii worth while.
Por 8nto in Formo nnd Otiarantood by
Roaders may noto tho following no
part of tho amended Mines Bills (1)
Where provision bos been mado In pursuance of regulations under this Act,
or uniivr any order which has «Hect at
If made under this Act, for tbe formation of training,of a rttvao brigade,
any Occident c»,usod to a workman era-
ployod In or about 'a mlno who Is
wnh t)» consent ol bis employer being trained as a member of tbe rescuo
brigade, arising out of and tn tbo
counifl of his training, shall, for tho
purposes or the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1006, bo deemed to arise out
of and in the <Murw of lilt ^mploymwf.
In' tho mlno. (2) Any workmen on,-
g'aecil In auj- rescue work or ambulance work at a mine shall, for the
purpose of tho Workmen's Compe»«*-
tion Art, 16M, bo deemed* whllo so en-
gaged to bo employed hy the owner
of \h« min*.-—Sdwane *nd Art of Mi»-
toff-   .
the sea.      *''" •'■   "   .,•.',".',,,
Jlm.Sverla has'opened up a" pool
room and(l ls doing excellent -business
among the boys. ,'•_•'
- The hay crop here is a. bumper one,
John Krl^anski, the noted ElkValley
rancher, has returned from vlBlting his
stock; '',    7'   '   ,;  .;"
• Billie and. Mattle went out .hunting
bnV day,; and, like th© cat they ..came
back. •' > They, might have'killed an
elk, "but the impolite animal took to
Its heels* at a apeed that defied pursuit. ' •     "  "*   ■  '
Our faithful watchdog is still bn
dutj* :and constantly.-, practising with
his voice.   '     .     -
Mrs. H. Allen's business la progressing splendidly, What's the, matter
with the Pioneer?
The discoloration that encircled tho
optic' of a certain well-known resident
has disappeared, bo wo may naturally
expect that lie wilt bo soon taking an-
bthor trip out.' '      ,,
Would call tho nttention of all out-,
ejders to thb fact that tho Government
Is still 10 miles from hero. PaBto this
In your* lint, and don't bo misled.
-What a snap somo pooplo do havol
How would you like tho position of
nhotltghtoY, or ntraw boss on tho now;
road on tho big showing? Drnco up',
Jack, or Jack up Draco, olthor way it'
doos not matter 1
B, Stewart, of Fornio, (s acting pit
hoflB,   Wo wish blm bucccbs!
John Twigg, secretary of tho Local
mado a fow days trip out of camp'but
came back again to tho disappointment
of several. No reports having hail a
good tlmo with tho outsldo boys who
aro standing firmly by tholr organization.
.Talk about pel-l'ln*. why, lav/Us a
miiBHyt Wo hiivo a man boo My
Jimmy who :io', only has a rcoipl
breaker bb a tongue twlrlor, but talks
so convincingly thnt lo actually 10'
llovos what ho Rpoutn to bo true'
Yoii may hnvo D'ck Dond-Byo, but
our Dick Ib not dead by n long shot,
and wo nro glad to loam that ho is
Improving rapidly.
W. Sproulo has gono out of town
of town for a fow days ond will probably got, treated for his complaint
whllo away.
I'Blrds of foathor flock, togothor" Is
an old saying, but,true lust the name
ns thoy enn lie soon hero ntithtlv *nth-
ored In groups horo nnd thoro.
Fernie Dairy
delivered to" all
parts of the town
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers.
"  " Proprietors
, Wo, to whom' has boon delegated tho
collating of subscriptions on behalf of
Mrs James 8mlth, who Is left a widow
with a lalrgo family, owing to her .husband's untimely death by drowning,
take this opportunity of thanking each
and every ono that lias contributed so
generously for tho benefit of the strick
on on*?,
To Mr and Mrs. R.'fl. Phllflpa, a
t*«jridfjg boy.    Mother and child pro-
Mr. Rbss-r-Wlll Mr. W. R Ross, who
In'his evidence'given at Victoria in
the recent suit brought because of
InfractlorisTof the law regarding the
lntroductIon:6f allenjabor into- Canada
stated that the .present Provincial Go;
vernment always looked to the Interest of tbe workingman explain how he
reconciles such' declarations with his
action -. in * depriving the . men" whose
dependents are" outside this province
from participation in the' Compensation Award '• In case the breadwinner
Is killed while at work? ' Owing to
tho policy adopted with regard to immigration of-painting In rosy colors
the opportunities for wago-wbrkers' ln
Canada many mon have loft their
homes In,the old land and thon when
disaster overcoriios therii tholr wives
and loved ones are thus fobbed of
thb meagre compensation of $1500 by
tho .reading Into tho statutes certain
words.- How "do those acta'and platform; lahguago "liorinonlzb?" — See
how Robs dealt with it ln his. remarks,
Mr. Goodovo—Will Mr. Goodovo, If
ro-olected, favor legislation making It
a misdemeanor subject to- a pcnnlty
for non-compllonco- If 'strikebreaker!?
aro engaged without first bolng Informed "of tho fact that thoro Ib a strike
on in'tho locality to whloh thoy havo
boon hired to go to?—Not dealt with
at all,
Mr. Qoodovo—Has Mr, Goodovo any
farther' Information regarding tho
Taylor (Leeds) incident? Ho (Mr.
Goodovo) utnloB that It wns W. L.
Mackenzie King who mndo tho slnlo;
ment that "tho minors should bo
driven to work at' tho point of tho
bayonot, whore-as Llborol supporters
avor that this statement was contained In n letter that Mr. Geo, Taylor
(Leeds).sent to tho Minister of Lnbor,
Doob Mr. Goodovo know what tho contents of tho lottor alluded to constat
of?—Soo spoooh for reply.
Mr. Goodovo—Do you bollovo Hint
labor power In a commodity subjnet
to tho samo laws that govorn other
commodities7 ' If you do how enn Reciprocity or Antl-ltoclproelty bo of
any,value to the working-class? If
you' do not so rosard ,labor,, powor,
what la It If not a commodity?—
Dodged it,
Mr. Goodeve—In tho event of the
Conservntlvo Pnrfv obtaining tho rfllns
of government would Mr. Goodovo bo
In favor of taking the samo stand that
ho stated at tho Inst "mooting held In
Fornlo was taken by the. Minister of
Labor when the report of* the Conciliation Bosri was brought In? That Is
It say allow tho men and the employers to fight It out between cnem.
If not, then what rourso would he
doom tho bent to be pursued?--Don't
Mr. Goodeve—Does Mr Goodeve hold
v/lth Ma colloaftuo, Mr. Geo. Taylor
(Leeds), that iv permanent commission
uluiuld be apiiulutud wliuuu u*iud
should Im binding1 on both parties,
snd It would ht> Illegal to bare any
strike, or lock-out?—Wouldn't eonftnlt
Ttie tuMKirUfjr r»f tbe Reciprocity
Some few years ago qulto a* stir was
created ln London (Eng.) by tho proposed procession through the streets
of that city of Roman Catholics carrying the' Blessed Sacrament or. Host.
And as a result'- of much, newspaper
correspondence and,discussions in the
House of Commons,1,many things were
said both offensive-and defensive of
Roman Catholicism. One, West of
England'baronet (arid millionaire), was
particularly vitriolic/in his attack upon
Catholics and even went so far as to
say that such worship was idolatrous
and'consequently all who Indulged In-
same were, according to Scripture, In
"danger of hell fife." ,
Naturally, such ;a .remark was not
allowed to pass unchallenged, and one
very, pertinent question put the noble
baronet was "Surely, because you, sir,
have the misfortune to. be, rich, you
would.indeed consider Catholics uncharitable if they suggested that- your
chances of " a hereafter were , as remote as those.of a camel passing thro*
the eye ofia.needle'r:
- This, the" barorist considered most Iu7
.solent." . But it' Is. invariably so with
people who attempt by means of Biblical phrases "to condemn the actions of
others:,-    ' ■   ?•'' . ,   ' »
'■ Now* my friends," there cannot be
a-heaven.for the rich man-and a heaven for the poor, even-though the former,, build many churches and says
many prayers.,, y, .-,, ,
■ Death respects neither person "nor
property—but,-is. the greatest leveller
of- "all;, things,5 this. you grant me.
' "How then , can any church be < a
respectei" of persons—how can^she stop
[virtue bf his charity is more fitted for
heaven;thart"the poor man? How, in
the:,name bf> holy charity, can she
recognize .the. rich ■ man, whom she
knows to be' robbing the poor Worker?
Because" It'.' lsVthe ,* law—because the
governriierityallows„It? -Yes!' v Unfortunately ' such' Is often the answer.
/ Now, < Catholics must, and do, con-,
demn Socialists when they attempt to
teach anything ln tbe shape of animal-
Ism, Individualism, or any other "Ism"
that trespasses upon what we consider
to be.a, truly .Christian conception of
morality. • No Catholic can grant Socialists such a right.    -
But my-friend, you have an'apple,
and, that' apple  may bo bruised  In
parts, or tbo skin, may not bo palatable,
and If you nro hungry and want tho
fruit you.will not throw.lt away, no,
you will romovo those parts that aro
bad, and eat those parts that aro good
nnd wholesome,  -And, for my part,
tho same with Socialism.    Thoro havo
boon many, tenchors of Socialism, some
having right Ideas and somo having
wrong, but their prlnclplo has not boon
bad.     The bn'slc foundation of their
Ideas havo not boon wrong, but llko
thb apple they may have como Into
contact with Ideas that aro not wliolo-
somo In our opinion, and that will not
mako for the bottermont of mankind,
Thon why, cannot wo tako thoso ports
of .Soclullsm that are good, and rojoct
thoso parts Hint wo connldor injurious?
Since the beginning of tlmo thorn
hnvo been schisms nnd  Iioi'obIob in
every religion, in every accepted doctrine; nnd is Socialism to bo exempt
from such?    MoHt rortnlnly not, nnd
no ronsonnblo Soclnllst bollovos that
Socialism as preached to day Is tho
beginning nnd end of that doctrine,
Then, friend, why not tako nnd hold
those pnrlH of HoclallHn'ftlmt nppcnl
to your Immunity, Hiobo pnrts which
your church and your own conception
of   human   Justice   Impo!   you to nc-
eopt?   No SoclnllBt enn compel you
to nerept whnt you do not wnnt, uolth.
or can ho deny you what you do \ynnt
of his doctrlno,    Tho Catholic church
Ih n law abiding Institution so long
nn her spiritual rights nnd her doctrlno
of wlint constitutes morality Is not nt-
tiickwl, but woro tlio proflont government elm need to-morrow and n Social-
Ut government, by moans of taxation
compel  tho capitalist  to repny to
suffering   humanity   n   portion > of
thia winch tt is continually robbing
God's poor by means of tho   llci-ntic
granted It by our present syatem bf
Society, surely God's church would bo
the NiU to welcome «uch a grout ntul
wj1j]<i t'ttori tor ihe tijilitilng oi wmri-
kind?    And bocnuso l bolleve this I
P. If. N.
Bar supplied with   the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars , ,
W. MIllS,:  ■ -      ,-: ; Prop
W. H:Murr
T. W. Davies
Wholesale, and Retail
BarberShop   >
,    Baths   -
Shoe Shine   7 ,
Bowling Alleys   ,
Billiards" and Pool ;
Coffeel and Sandwich .
N       Counter .
*   Hazelwood Buttermilk
* *s
1    Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
vN   .   - ^
%^ E
Afirent   Fernie   Branch
' >-
North I
Ledger Ads Pay
Fire is Of ten
V Caused
negligence. And who ls there
that ls not negligent at times?
Would you have tbe work of, a
lifetime lost la a few minutes.
Why Not Insure
and then' tlio loss of your trea-
, euros Is -mndo good as far as
money Is nblo to replace a Joas..
Inquire of \\k for terms,
*j»   y   j* y
,-rf t
Insurance    Real Estate
Printer's iali
When u«ed on c°o'J p«»t» end
neatly d'uplayed type for your »t»tio'n.
ery is valuable. We hiva every
facility for doing the b<-»» of job woilt,
mid at a minimum priar,
'raft. fMm ttinr ff vllt rtwrcttiw the
How's This?
W* filter On» HundrM, ("iiiltrt H«'»ri> fnr M<r
turn ivt CaUnh Itut ctftDnt Im cumi hy 11*11*
UUrrh Cutu,
„ I.J. CIILM.Y i CO . J „i. J.J, O.
'Wk, the unArntctiNi, h^r knomi I". J. tin-iitjr
(or Mm !«,« M rrsn. »s4 brikv* ktm |»r(rtiif t«i-
w.N« la til t-mtum tnntttxutu %nA AtUMbtif
tint m tint mil tm- «.!(Ujr»ttf«§ n>*.V t.r M« Cns
K*no**i. iu»t tit o.viii*,. i.
TUi •I: tJhUi
tltii* (\Urrk far* to tokHi Vnurinliv. ««U»«
dUnily ui.« II* Uwiit Md mikc^m »'ir,'3c* '( I la
Pfmnu.   rmnniuf.-Mlt mm fn*.   h»r !) «w W
Wir.  M4 t,j »I1 r>ra«KMx.
tit- |l'Mi fiml\y Pllli r.if ■■iin«'put.in
New Michel
& Blairmore J'« -. f
JWtl- "        #.---' V^i'' '    -W   -   71«-        ' *
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The American bituminous miner Has more significant is* that less than one- operating" for'cerconsistefl of more than
ractlcally disanneared.7, He'has EOne.  tenth* Of tha""fnr<Rism hnrn  mine wni*k-  20.000""irien:" T it .ti*^-- 'tlm-o' »;.. ri„o(
practically disappeared,';. jHe'has gone,
. At - the ■" time the .first
^ .« „ ,-—,-r — «.---, tenth of the.foreign born mine work- —,..v ——v....«.*.m^    mm, uio.tusi
and along with him have largely, van- ^rs were English", Irish, Scotch, Ger- mines^were!opened.the 'country/was
ished the English, Irish/Scotch, Ger- man or .Welsh, 'or-of.other t-acea^ef practically;*^
older , immigration.-- • 'The' great ma- local labor suppiyupon'whicb to'draw'
bam   anri  oacfAtm Oil  , tlw*.  /ittiA,.    T.an.1   »--+l.^» " A mjt.*1..<.n»
■ mans, and Welsh—hts working compan-
They are representatives of many parents.     They are representatives    of
j" many alien races and almost all of
i-them w$re born in ,the countries' of
southern' and eastern Europe.   ■ ~
' , This disappearance of the American
miner has not been without dramatic
interest. As a matter of fact,. It has
been a-gradual displacement extending
over forty years of severe racial conflict and competition. The first scene
was laid in western Pennsylvania-l in
1870.. , The curtain is at present des-
, cehding on the denouement in tbe bltu-
minuous areas of Kansas, Oklahoma,
New Mexico and Colorado.   The whole
* drama typifies the effect of recent immigration upon America's leading industries and their employes. ' This
story which has recently been developed by the investigations of the U. S.
Immigration Commission is of Interest
*' both to the coal operators and to the
student of labor conditions. . ;   7
Pennsylvania. — In the year 1870
'Americans or older immigrants,' consisting of English, Irish, Scotch and
Welsh who, had previously settled in
. western Pennsylvania were exclusively
employed in the' Pennsylvania^ bituminous' mines. ' The" remarkable- increase in mining operations during the
next forty years rendered necessary a
remarkable increase in the operating
* forces of*the mines; the total number
■' of bituminous workers in 1907 being
13,000, in round numbers ,as contrast-
7 ed with Ie.000 in 1870, an increase for
the period of more than 1,000 per cent.
It was because of the Impossibility' of
-1 recruiting this large labor .supply from
'native stock,    and. from' immigrants
from Great Britain, and northern,Europe, "that the members of races of
'.southern and eastern Europe were glv
'   en 'employment. ,   During the decade
J1870. to , 1880," the; demand^ for' labor
growing out" of*the opening of new
mines was principally met by\the'em-
- pldymeht of "Americans'   or   English,
Irish, Scotch,    Welsh,, German    arid
„ Swedish immigrants.    . By the year
1885, however," the available supply of
native labor had been largely utilized.
 i. irnni, rr r. s mn, . m.n *.'
aln and-northern Europe still continued to arrive In search of employment,
tljeir numbers were almost entirely in
that'others wero procured.     A few and the south, there were few min
years later, as the depletion of tho Ing employes  who  were  not  native
:e of labor supply began
to bo strongly felt, considerable nunv
bors of Poles and Magyars, together a remarkable growth of tho bltumln
with a few Croa,Hons and Italians, wero
added to tho operating forces. By the
year 1890 the movement of the southern and eastern Europeans to tho Industry had gained bucH headway that
immigrants of this class constituted
nbout one-fourth of the total number
of employes.
On the other hand, first and second
generation minors of English, Irish,
Scotch, Welsh, Gorman and other
northern European races composed
moro than one-half, ond tho nntlvo Am-
orlcanB nbout one-fifth of the total nunc
bcr of mlno workers.    During tho noxt
" twenty years tho representatives of
rncos from Groat Britain and northern
Europe, as woll as tho Americans cons-
od entering tho mines, and persons of
tho samo rnclnl groups who hod previously been employed migrated io
tlio mlddlo west or southwout, or engaged In other lines'of work, because
of labor dlBputos and dissnllsfiu'tlnn
with conditions ln PoniiBylvanla, At
tbo samo tlmo Slovaks, Polos, Magyars
north nnd south Italians, Croat inns,
Bulgarians, Armenians and SorviaiiH,
nnd other Immigrants from tho south
nnd oast of Europo nnd from Asia, entered western Pennsylvania, in larcr«
ond constantly increasing numbers, co
tnko tlio positions mndo vacant by the
dopnrturo of tlio early omployoB, nnd
to fill tho places In tho mines which
tlio expansion of tho Industry croatoil.
Of tho total numbor nf employes In
" Iho bituminous mlnon of Poiiftnlyvanln
in 1909, only nbout one-sixth wore native-born Amorlcnns, nnd onotcnth tho
second generation of older Immigrants
or nntlvo born of foreign fathor. On
the other hand, moro thnn.throofourtha
woro of foreign birth.    WImt la oven
abandoned the industry, but "'those'
from Great Britain and northern-Europe had done likewise. The great
proportion of both,classes had'been
attracted "to the coal fields -of the
middle west or had sought employment
Ir. occupations other "than mining. '
„The South.—The development of bituminous mining In the southern state's
did not enter upon its present scale
until after "the" year 1890, In that
y<>nr West'Virginla and Alabama, .ne
two leading coal-producln?~states cf
the south produced only 11,000,000
short tons of ..coal'and employed
scarcely more than 16,000- mine workers." < By the way of contrast, iri 1907
the same two states hnd an-Laggregate
output of 62;000,00*0 short tons of con1,
and.'a combined operating force, oi
moro than 80,000 men. • Native writes
and negroes, - together with -Englisu,'
German, Irish, Scotch and,Welsh, were
used to develop tbe coal resources ,"of
West Virginia and Alabama up to 1890,
when immigration from northern Europe and Great Britain came to a stop,
and an influx of southern and. eastern
Europeans began. - v , Slovak's," Pole£
French, Croatians, -Russians, Magyars'!
and north and "south'Italians, entered
the mines in constantly-growing numbers. • During the same period there
was a counter movement, especially, In
West .Virginia, .similar to that in progress in Pennsylvania.' As the' recent
immigrant mine..workers" increased In
numbers, the natives and older immigrants left^the industry or'migrated
to the coal^ fields of the middle 'west
and southwest . In Alabama and
West Virginia at the present time
seventenths of the- mine workers are
native.born, this high percentage In
comparison with other localities, being
principally, due to the presence of the
native'negroes in large numbers', especially'in the Alabama mines, a.'con-
slderable ' proportion of" those'*Jin .the
latter state being convicts. '-yW the
case of the Virginia coal fields; which
were not extensively developed until
after"1900, native whites and negroes
source of supply, was .exhausted, recourse was had to recent Immigrants.
The majority of Virginia mine employ
adequate to satisfy the growing need es at present consist otdrepresenlatives
" "'      "of southern   -and    eastern, European
of the industry.     This class of Immigrant labor, by 1890 practically ceased races.  i.'On.the other hand, in Ken
coming.     In 1881, ,at a time when it tucky and Tennessee, the mines have
was impossible to secure other labor,
a few Slovaks were given employment whites and negroes
by some of the Pennsylvania coalop-
 , ...... ^umoova, lI1D IIJ1UCB llllvo fold- In the first place, the American
been exclusively ' operated .by native mIn€rs originally, employed,   together
'-hltes and negroes.      ' 7 -wJtn  tuo early  Immigrant employes
>-j bwiuv ui »™ jujiiunjivaum uuai.uir   . The Middle West, — In the middle ^rom Scotland, Ireland, England, Wal-
erators.snnd were found so satisfactory west prior to 1890,'ns In Pennsylvania es nnd, Germany, have entirely abond-
*v.«f ^tw,, „,,»..„ »«-»-<       a   f— „„.. *i 1,.   x,— .:.....   .      " . ^ oned'the industry, or, in the second
, n.o u^iuLiuu ui ijiu m6  u.iijfiujco   whu   w«re  not  native P'ace» those that remain have grndu-
former source of labor supply began Americans, or membors of races from ally retroat€d ^estward before the in-
,.,.    ,'.,._-,.,    Groat Britain or'Germany.   Thero was CI'€aslnff pressure of competition of-the
races from southern and, eastern Europe, and are nt .present making .'a
final stand in tho coal-producing area's
of Kansas, .Oklahoma, Now Mexico and
Colorado. "The only localities iri
which tlio American coal miner still
When troubled with fall
rashes,cczema.or any skin
disease apply Zam-Buk!
SatptUlnihow quUMy (t «aic»
Ih* (martin* nnd illnfin*I Alio
curei cuti, burnt, aerat and »ll«i,
bal •M«^c«i, Noanlnalfakt-no
satsaral poItoBi. riaailbaaltrl
ous , coal industry during tho period
of 1870 to 1890 in' Ohio, Indiana nnd
Illinois, but tho necessary labor to operate tho mines "was supplied by natives and,by British and northern .European Immigrants, and only a fow
southern and eastern Europeans, principally Lithuanians1 and north Italians,
entered the conl fields." After ,LS!)0,
tho dovelopmeht of tho conlproducing
area wns rapid and extensive. As n
consequence, Lithuanians, north and
south Italians, Poles, Frbnch-Belglntis,
nnd other races of rocont Immigration
enmo to' tho coal flojds ln search of
work. Tho Amorlcnns, together with
tho older ImmtgrnntB from Great Brit-
nni nnd northern Europo, howovor, ns
hns.nlrondy boon soon, loft tho West
Virginian nnd Pennsylvania fields nf-
tor 1800, nnd It wns thoso minors who
mainly supplied tho demand for nihil-
tlonnl lnbor lii Ohio," Indlnnn nnd Illinois up. to ,1900. During the paat ton
years tho sltuntlon has radically chang-
od. Tho southern nnd' eastern Vav
roponns hnvo socurod employment <n
tho mines of tbo middle west In largo
numbers, whllo tho rnrcs of older Immigration nnd Iho Amorlcnns havo
coftsod to enter tho mines and hnvo
migrated to tho souih-wost, or bnvo
loft tho industry entirely. As n mat-
tor of fact, nn onrly ns 1805, tho Am-
orienn minors stronsly felt tbo pro*
Biiro of tho competition of tho rncof
from tlio south nnd enst of Europe,
nnd bognn to movo wontwnrd to Olila-
homn nnd Knnnns In sonreh of bettor
working conditions, or to lenvo tho
initios to ongngo In other pursuit*.
Tholr sons, togother with tho first
nnd second genornllon of tho Etiglluh
Gorman, Scotch and Irish, havo follow-
od tholr oxnmplo. At tho present
urno only nbout two-fifths of tho mln<
iUh *sun>iu)V6 ui\th\) mdliiio wt-Hi are of
native birth, and only tlirco-teiuhs na-
tlw born Americans of native* fatbeu,
Tho omploycN of foreign birth are com.
posed of thirty-four rows, tho leading
un*-* vn,in« inn Hoti tun inns jinn Mornv-
lnns|i Cronllnns, north nnd south Itnl-
Inns, Lithuanians, Magyars, Polos,
rttiHRinns and Slovaks.
Tlio Southwest nnd Wost—Tho do-
vclopmont of tho coal fields of th*
so»fh-wf»«if mm* af a Jntnr ffnf/s than
tho expanilon in tho mlddlo west and
P*nn*yjvftnto, The method employ
cd to tiocuro operating force* wero
also imIq.UA as cotispsred with other
sections. Minos wero at first opwinl
on a commercial basis in Kansas ami
Oklahoma ataat IlfO. TV«T<3MnM>at
was rapM snd InfWlT th* snnn/irofff.
put was 10,000,000 abort (Ms, and tb*
from Pennsylvania, West yifglnia.ahd
the 'middle west ^to the mines of ^the
southwest... Among these 'pioneers,
Americans, ^English, Irish and. Scotch
predominated, although" there" were "a
few lopresentatives-of the German,
Polish, Roumanian, French and Croat-
iffn races. As the recent immigrants
continued to^increase in Pennsylvania,
West Virginia and the, middle' west:
a considerable, proportion of the na-.
tive and older Immigrants,.as already
pointed out, moved-to the southwest.
The*-rapid increase* of the "Americans
and ,;tho'-Britlsh and northern European immigrant mine workers«contlnu-
ed - in' Oklahoma up ot 1890, and- in
Kanras to 1895, the migration to. the
Oklahoma, coal localities '-.ceasing at
an earlier'.date than to th'isa.in Kansas, for' the. reason * that' the. greater
proportion of Americans" and older Immigrants'."moved to Kansas 'fields in
1890. After, 1895 the races^ from the
south and of Europe began entering
the mines of both states'in large numbers,- tbe greater proportion of 1'the
new-- arrivals coming" from abroad
On "the other'=hand,- the Americans-,
English.^Irish,- Scotch,"and Welsh,riot
only sought wort .in the mines of, the
southwest hr diminished numbers, but
those who,were already employed
began- gradually'to migrate to" the'
newly' developed • coal . properties of
tTexas, New Mexico and. Colorado. Others " entered -"the lead and zinc mines
"of/Missouri";, arid a, few/sought work
in, various localities in* the west. .'»At
a result, the"'number of mining employes in' the southwest belonging to
races'of easterri-and, southern Europe
has rapidly increased during the past
twenty years, this:supply of, labor being used to ta'ke,the places of the ria^
ties and older immigrants from Great
Britain and northern Europe who left
Oklahoma and Kansas. At the present
time,'-three-fifths of the' mine work
ers7 in Kansas!, and/Oklahoma are of
"foreig'nHbirth; arid, of the total number
of foreigh^bdrh coal -miners, seven-tenths are'bf southern and eastern Eu-
mndJ LTi»aJlin.^Ann #A,...,-L -..'-~ 1 _-
erlcans. "'"** y —
' Tlie-general effect of the extraor-
dinary^development of our bituminous
coal" resources during the past forty
years,- therefore, from tho standpoint
of the operating forces, has been two
areas  of  Tennessee,  Kentucky,  and
facilities for taking baths, thoso foclll
ties should bo provided at tlio mlno
pny bnlf tho cost ot tho ucoommodn
tion   nnd   facilities    Mr   Lawronc«
lng tnkon thnt tho provision bo op
orntlvo if two-thirds of Iho mon aro I
favor, twenty-ono voted In favor ar.
seventeen ngninst—lloynolds
In a way which, to riiy, mind,*.was .conclusive, but-ImIght,go a'.little,farther
and^lritfout'.tb you that'iri th« East?
era .7provinces;.,they'• are''exporters 0-;of
vlnce of B.'.C.^ fax frpm^eing exporters
°ferent7bas^senurely7'ln7tire East^tfiey
Want marketsfbr"their?products';'Jwhlle
he^o,",'bri thefother.'liand, 'we-.areT:de^
pendent" upon ^outsidereburces W' our
supplies./- Now^Pjfemier .McBrIde;rwas
also l'h%re"yaBtf,nightii',ahd"' when! speak-
*«-*      ' *      A1*" f*-. ***   j.^  J'      ->**    \j£     *-   -   s" *■*   t> "" •j.'v*'*'
:Sj6hn barber,-d.d.s., libs*.,"
"7;5>7 ;dentist7
\y. S-,Uno>
(Continued from page-3) ,-„/'..,   where they Import^hese- things,; Is
jLl-L' thatvnot perfectly'.'clear?   'I say>if
rr.* »x™« «••«.   '      ;,     ,       .•''-." J'ou want ,to;:ffndv the "saving to eacli1
for some of-the.smaller.„IuxurIes.- 1 , j, ,,   . *•<■      -   .   ., .;    ..  K    -
,'->,. ■ °. -   individualvyou must divide that-aum
venture to say .that tho ladles present, wnlch" amounts^nfround numbers to
everyone 'of, them, .will agree with" me somethlng-,llke4%-million; dollars; not
'when'Ll^make that "claim.- Thejadles by "eight1*million!.people," but;by,the
are„ the chancellors of the "exchequers 400 thousand/that, form the population
and'they; have to see that'-jUJe-'ydqUar °f British .Columbia,, and the'few thou-
goes the longest "way,"'and.""they,know sand more/in the'Pa'rlrle. provinces,
that/under the present condition bf„af- fs that not^a fact? *"' 'Do that7and*you
fairs'It-does not'go as,far aVlt{bught will see the'eriWmous'reductlon' which
to do.' ..I understand from'the'reports wlirbe^br'o'ugh't-abbut. i'/ " -: ,'* »
of-Mr. Goodeve's1 speeches on .other     ,Nowr-I .don't lmow.;that anyone wili
experience "^t/the" people are giving
their .serious attention .to this feature
of.(rtie *ag^m"ent;/they are' looldng
^P'"..11. *°r, ".themselves,. and if they
agree with us that a great saving "will
be made in this respect,-,then they.are'
not-'gouig to;vbte;against their own ii-
terests. I simply'* for "the. privilegeV of
maryri^th'eir/ballot after the name
of "A. S. Goodeyer^If we'have, a chance
to.: vote'for ourselves, instead" of-for
Mr. Goo'deve7theri'we will certainly
-vote.for ourselves I would ask you
to look at-the Nelson News of today!
I don't suppose many of you have read
it yet, .because] it has not yet had time
to, get into yow. hands. I notice that
the Nelson-News, now considers, that
the cost of livto'g'is a question of importance,', arid 7that.it is gonlg to" determine, tbe, "-yotesy' .They liave recognized the fact," arid they have started
out to'showjhat tbis reduction, is "not
going'tb"amount to' so very much after
all. '". JVVith"_your,'indulgence I .would
give-'aylist/q^certain articles which
will come-in'freesiunder this agree:
menC and they." pick 'out about .-15 of
them.1- They-say; they got their list
from: the Cranbrook; Herald, and it Is
quite true that the Cranbrook Herald
published"' 'them,'.but;-they published
ltv under" .the heady of; "Some relief
"which, the/consumer /would have and
not. as an"exhaustive, list. But the
Nelson/News takesfsome' 15,'or 10 natural-.- products,",flnds'ybut tho duties
on'. them, the. amount of - importation
on thoso products'"into.Canada, and
that the saving in- duty, on some of
these importations Into Canada would
amount to some 379. thousand odd dollars ,' Then "thoy. say, considering that
the population of Canada is estimated
at eight million, the'saving ls a mere
bagatelle, nd'wlll not divide up to moro
a ^considerable; sum7;7 Rut,;' you will
say.vspme'- of^ these; come".,froiri - the
prairie provinces, some, from Ontario,
and the" Maritime" provinces. I 'Well, It
U true that some of these, natural pro
ducts.comefrom-a'way East,"but/ you
know; It is "not business'to buy/products' at7a"*dlstance, pri account'of .the
fact that the transportation-, cbrges are
heavy;""and"yb'ii,knbw also.that,,oven
Im.tho, "caso of \ 8uppljes';cqmlrig - from
the"pralrles,and very' little comes jtrom
there,. because\they grow wheat,, but
even iri thV'onso bf/supplIes'*coming
lri from the prairies,"you enn wel'.'do.
pond on it.that the producer always'r&
su'aies^tho prlcoMri ac'cortlanco' with
tho duty, on goods Vfrbni compoiltlvo
mnikets. ,.l" might''llluotrato ih'utTin
a'\arlety of ways'-compot'tton Is'shut
out from tho othorsldoof the line, and
(hut ii), tho reason, that iha "products
como to us at, no" lower cost from this
side'of the lino./ ♦ .-
... _,.,       .... -■••  . SA'oll, now,'to go a'little further into
importance"   rind which   ..mi*, a.V.«"      ' ,, CO",cod*<1' W^liero..w,n ^ ft this question; will.wages bo reduced:
importance, ana which, under future small- reduction,-but, they leave out u ,. could bo sonslbly nwu'p',1 • that
development, mny bo expected to be of their llst-l'don't sny nurnoMlv- ■    .."t Mn«">«y Wipioi that
inundated bv thn Rmith™ nr,^ *n.»^™ „„        -  7   .-./     •   -     Purl,0M,y— wnos would bo .lowered bv this nr-
rii-«._U^°?i!.r!! IH^'if^ T '.™^nt.««^Y«»otab1oA    Tho riiMWttent, It would be-he.iosr.a.r "io
importntion  of   vegetables   Inst year ajm|t thnt tho vnliio of labor Is fito4
wns 380 thousand odd dollars, tho snv- by tariff Iri eorn* Inconbtl 'ibl./ wn>
tag on which, through reciprocity, I M tho tariff. goea up and d?wn so is
find would amount to somo.114 thou- ti,P labor-market rippnront'y .nffontcd,
snnd two hundred nnd seventy sovon ar \<ihM u,a't iB what Um .argnmencr
dollars,,    That is somothlng thnt tho 0f t. eso people would ton! lb provo
predominates are the coal-produclng thnn 4 cents abend per annum   That
very true, as.far.as It goes, but I
Texas, which from, tho standpoint,of just want you"to take th© principle
the Industry ns a'whole are of small "   ' •...-..
European:—W.'Jot. Lauck, in thb Mlri
lng World. .',' ./-,.-
BATH8   FOR    MINER8' ..
camXl ,f V"r ?" T,n v I"" m .". B — "'" ot ""• PWHi-wma wna ,o prove.
S«?« u?    «;« Standing Commlttoo Nolson Nows might hnvo added to Its if thnt worb so,' then whon tho Inrgo
of tho Houso of common. Mr. xw^ 1st.    But wo can mako a moro ox- trade, nnd labor organizations writbd
vlBlnMay-,- " :-;•- "~° '""• hRUB."w ■nalysls than that..   Minvo nn Increase of wngori all thnt It would
visions with regard to wnshlng nnd Kono to'tho trouble of taking nil tho bo neoesaary for them to do would'bo
ry n. accommodntlon     It provided natural products In the agreement.    I SZfSLSffS mtnwa^ni njj
re 1^; rt ff ii?s nr: iSJiri1" .r^1 &.but «»■ •• ^^ «■«- ^
reproecntod to tho owner of tho mine " wnyono thlnlcs I nm not correct wo
!,m,t..'!'oy (,0Blrort nccommodntlon nnd will deal with thero moro particularly,
1 bnvo tnkon, I snld,.all tho natural
products covered by this ngroomont,
products,- yWhat'dq^ybu^thlrik.'abbut
lt?y,p3)oes It notjbeariheayllyenbrigh
on the people already?, (Crlesof jHear,
hear!);'!/->,/y7;-;i^c'"Xfy \\ 'y/
c „.I '7haye- not > gqne^very/deeply"...Into
the, detalls^of' thls'y subject*' It-is- get-
*ting^'late,/and?do*ubtlW8*.'eome "of you
arecrather .uncomfortable*; 'but-diy,v-as
the""subject is, that portion:'of-.the ar-
gument'.prese'nts-an aspect that Is .go-,
ing' to- appeal4to the 'people;-:'and no
one In this countiy need -apologize for
fighting4n his own* interests?- It is.the
duty "of ^every nian io;1 look- after 7 his1
own interests/arid to .do" that Jhe must
come to the "conclusion, that'it is In" his
own'individual interests that; he should
support this arrangement with' the peo-'
pie^ of "the United/States.*-/VAfters all
the nationals, only a" collection'of ".in-
,, '.%-.<    '''"«-.';.' ..."  ^,-V"-, ^-i,'
/ B(Continued • on" page f 7) y
.-c  ,
.; The fact "of-the
masterysVthat: they', will .be .able to
selI,ltJto;ua.at'"a greater reduction, be-
cause'our.merchants are^only-concerned lri. obtaining the cost of-these products ,;tp themselves; *' including, ■;" the
cbstyof" transportation arid' the- duty,
a~ndyhen7thelr'"prpflt, 5,,'10. or, 15,"per
"c*erit.;'/whateyer It 7may,be,; and'., you
must, realize} that'In estimating their
profits they* add,Hhelre profit, on to the
cost of .their.,whole investment, including tfje'duty.7' irthat^,duty-is removed their''profit js %ased,'ori'a'lpwer
su'm.and.tHe.BavIng Is" therefore more
than the-actual^amount^of-the' duty.
I' makeUhlB • statement, and, I-askCyou
to-consider,vIn "your", own7Interests
between-now; and the day of 'ttieelec-
tlonrthat: in-my opinion there Ms' an
average-saving] to the consumer, by
means of ^reciprocity of about 25 cents
on-every 1 dollars' ,worth' of food; that
you'.purchase,,and If,7you;will;figure
up the saving in a'family ,fo'r one-week
you:will find that It'ambunts;;t'bJiuite
^Fernle'Br 0^4^
,-»'',:-.":- V"~i--,-^*'^',v<ii",-":^r3,HS-'"&>'
Cox 8treet"
?. -^^^
nnd that tlio mon Blmll undortnko to on this basis; tho things thnt are on
tho Uiblo, tho things which nro con
 - - ""mod hy tho pooplo, nothing olso.
Hnrdy moved to provide thnt tho pro- Thoro nro others, but,we will conflno
vision should bo oporntlvo only If it to a quostlon of tho cost of living,
throo-foiirtlis of tho mon wore in f«vor And what do I find? I find thnt,
Mr Mftstorman suggested two-thirds Inking tho basis of Inst year's Imports
nnd to this Mr Hnrdy ngiwrt Homo of theso natural products (that Is up
discussion followod    On n division bo- to March 31st, 1010, which Is tho ond
7 of tho fiscal yonr) tlw Pinoiint of cus
n toms duty which tho poopleof Csnndn
pay amounts to 11,013,735, , Thnt ir
IiV.ii it, mi uxttaU from President
Tflft's messago to Congreas with tho
rtMlprMliy Agwymrnt, January 20th,
"Ought wo not then (o arrange a
t'oromercWil figw/nrnt with Canada,
If wo enn, by which wo shall have
direct access to hor great supply of
natural products without nn obstructing or prohibitory tariff? ... Tho
Dominion has prospered. It has an
iirttvo. aggro^iive and intelligent people They aro coming to the parting
of tho ways,, . . . flhuuld w*» not
now, therefore, before their policy hat
be«OM« too crystain«*q and fixed for
change, meet !h*m In n spirit of real
conceaaion, facilitate commerce bet'
***» the two tvanttle*, and tbu« gmt
If IfitrMitifi itut nntnrnl rfittourwa aVilIt
able to oer people r
fcr tho yonr ending March 3lst7l0lO,
and tho Importa hnvo been higher since
then, nnd will nmount <o moro thin
yror. But lot us tako thoso figures as
n bnslfl, nnd b/v» >«>h<it M\«« \.n*** f7
flnawer to thnt.    "Oh," thi^ will snv",
I nie, you are saving ono million odd tbo mibjeela, nnd Inform myself ns
drllnrs, but dlvido-.thnt among olghf
million people nnd it only comes to a
comparatively   sm\\ Bmonnt."    nul
Is that fnir?     ShrmM tbst flmim fc*««iA«/wi
think nil the societies agree that us-
unity, lnbor 1« govern od by tho lnw
of supply nnd demnnd. The lnw of
supply nnd demand, nnd tho organisation of labor to maintain a standard
of wngos re tho two controlling forces
nnd tnrlff has nothing whatever to
do with tho matter. If yon will consider Germany, a high protective country, you will find .that the wages are
low. Tn the United Statos, another
proteotlvo country, tho wages aro higher. If tariffs have anything to do'with
regulating wages, how would, you explain the fact that in Quebec tho wages Ye, about 50 por cent lower than
thoy are in the West, with tho same
tariff right "long tho lino? I know
1 nm sponklng to men who hnvo perhaps-given moro attention to those
ii t'.    ii :    * i » ■      -   r » ,,   '   '
rtf>flvtfr«fl to rond whMrvcr T ronlfl on
'i -„r~™'''? t{'^\jl
Wholesale;Liquor Dealer ,;
Dry Goods, Groceries," Boots and Shoes
'■ , y       Gents':Furnishings' y-'n
BRANCH: AtVhOSMER; -1 ac 7
Large Airy Rooms &
".■'/ Good Board .
tr *> »kj.-,
. -i**-lh
"fr ' "*% 2   "r" -.j
■..f y.- 7>vy~:,'"'7iv
A., McD6H^/-Hgp
:    • sT..
7m .-;«?■;'"
'?")»'   -'-
-    ,   .   ft -
Mmfiwturere itiad,Deal-*
> ers in al! kinds of Bough
-.   ,--v."\ -','  >*'■'-,    ,: »i',v.-i"-', , -a
' y and Dr*e^:tumber~/
- --C -E.^
Send/us youp^opdeps'
■■"■ v':yy:y/y-"' '-■
'*** -j.
!"")*» V*   SV'
- '^,
n %.*.
Bar Unexcelled
"■,. ,•■■"' -..»'■','"'- *
/^ Everything /
Call Jn, and
see us once
t *■
Stanley S't.  - Nelson
But Family and Working man's
Hotel In City; nleely furnished
rooms wlthBath. , Bads, 60c.
each, meals, 9Bc.
ii, (
A Union House
Prop.i J. 8. BARRATT
fully aa possible, and I have found
thr>t tho value *f labor Is regulnfod
solely by tho two fmroa 1 have mon*
divided by ofght millions r Let me
point limit this fact: In connection wlih
those nnturnl products, you know that,
generally speaking, down in the Maritime provinces, and i\i Quebec and On.
tarlo, nnd perhaps it a)|ao, applies (o
ManUoU, nw>y producB everything
ihey consume thomselvls, and on the
otter Imnu hnvo a surplus for which
they are seeking markets. Thew if
no saving to them, because they pro-
dnco themselves, Therefore ,th«
fact of tho matter Is that this saving
must not b« distributed ow the eight
tanttoa ot tU wimiatton ot Canada bnt
amongst that portion of the Dominion
, Now, Mr Hose ha I aomtthlng to tsy
en this question oC tho cost of llvng
Ills argument was this: Howt can we
sf.y that tho farmer In lh«» enst will
pet a larger prlco for h!« product* and
at the same tlm* that we in nrlMan
Columbia will bo ablo to purchase
cheaper?"    Mr Fisher answered tfcnr
On de VarTa Female Pills
- «e!i rtnhtoriAtvw hib
llatlf peimmM la r*r*tt
'A ntlabl* Fttnth rtnhtoriomr (»lU, fh«»
ffMriU»«w»tl<»elOif l«»iWitii««. K*
'»1 art *»M tt
For fate at RltatdalU^ Drug Store.
Nownare In tbe Pass can be
found in such a display of
•    ,   ,,      -   _.,,
» w • ■"   ■** "
We have the best money1
ean buy ef B«»f, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Egos, Fish, "Impsrater Hams
and Bacon1* juard, ftiuisgts,
Wslnsr* and Sauar Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phoim M
The Hotel of Pernio
Fuiiilo's Loading: Commercial'
and ToiirlMt House
S. P, WALLACE, Prop,
lltard Local Qansral Teamsters No.
141.' Moots every Friday night at
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hall. W.
A Worthlngton, President; B, J.
Good, Secretary.
Bartsndars' Local No, RHi Meets Snd
and 4th Sundays at 3.30 p.m. 8ecre»
tary.J. A. aeuplll, Waldorf Hotel, .
Olsdstenn \*t.*\ w*. ?S11'U. M. W. A.
Meets Jnd and 4th Thursday Minora
Union hall,    i), Hoos, S«\
Typographical Union No. B55'   Moots
Vn».e   ft»**,„T,"       r • t«
Udger Office.   ,A. J, Buckley, Secretary. ' „
Leeal Fsrnle No, 17 «. p, of c. Meet!
In Minora Union Halt every Sunday
at T.45 p.m. Everybody welcome, D.
Paton, Becretary-TroMurer.
i    B,   i , ''
Amalgamated 8o«l»ty Carpantert and
Jelnert;—Meet is Mlnera Kail every
alternate Tbwniday at t o'clock. A.
Ward, secrtttry. P. 0. Ml
Unftai BrdlRftttwxmac««»eM4«#e«m
J»i««^-L«ai me.   a J. Enat.
Prritdtnl; V. II. Bhaw, RecnUr/. - ■ ^y^x&*$y^:;y~w^rI'-'-',:-,tffi'J\      y-iyy'yy 7y7'■• ""v.v"     ■■■vy* yy-yyyy"'. '        „:-',>y>^ y.\ •>.. .'.yy- ■-.; --   y":V'-"A//
' Tra^ ^'''Vy>l''''''"'.;"':''   v  :;"   ' - '• •"■" "y'-'-'PAQE SEyEy/' .jf'Jf
"^s^?^> *i><£
"»,_-*£ •>-';»,?;if-;-.,y?n'
' vtVSr-**--; ?La\'grevW, * ouVphitoc*" i^s~gTeyes4de
^.^Viondresjisont terminfiesy Apres'tpule
§t ;V?^une'ioiun'fe de riegopiatldns entre'les
,**-.*" 5?j'Ten"f6s"firitat^
^,iyl"'7pu .etre.faite,--vendredLa minult,.,sur
*1'j>   1fli» '^IjisiJe^Wia vim c^o4*"V*liniiffmire -Ina  rtamlrvnn.
fe^'vy-En"vertu""de l"arrarigement;intervenu
,^-3-,^-yendrejir 80lr,-„les;gabarlers recoivent
v^r^uno'..augmentation '"de"}*salaire • de" 25
:P.\7'7:'p c"avec;laTjou'rn^eYde dlVheures,vau
cy:* y -lieu • de, douze.:-- ,> „:- :ov~,,; - -y y; _...-■.
^•yy^-.'notre'camarade'- ^V-Tlllet/du Parti
w'^.'iSocIal.'Democratic,'a*&6 Tame^a,"aus-
"y,i'.- '"Bitot lance-urie proclamation fellcitarit
-:"V'■'*{ iea'.greVlstes de*le'ur,:victblre',*en deci-
remplol. de .'ja'/qb'auissette 7"a>cl6us£en:
Principe; f^Mais) le^momenKyenuV'lor!^,
jue" sa'ftlignltst'est'jen.'"';causeret;Que
yop^&ibn^publlque^est' "avee; ejle/Velle
'se*'ser t, "de ^toils'.' les*- moyens^qul; cont
a-- sa portee^-et1 elle triomphe,", s'ans-ef-.
farouche'y" par-avan'ce- Ies:bourgediB7et
sans; donieV.-'des '.'pr^textes"-.-pourJ-les
faire .massacrer-' avant; d'etre bien- par-
ti^Babra-RibasiL'U.^defT.ty^ '"'*:': V?
y "-^t:.-.V;'r '7"'" y7'' ij'."''y"y^1y"''l'
-"    .* ~"   V "'  ., *' *      " -  v".'- ^ {. *.^„'.^V:f y^ '    <  V
>The; Most' Effectlve"'rProtectlon* for
v ,'£.' - ^v.Lnborlng'People-iVj'. ■ .- ■*'.
Iv «j'
i* yS^H?V;yictorleJ^ue via,, classefouvriefe
^'-"'^y'anglarse .'ylonf.'de" rerapo rter.';f'j Gar-ce
,C- 7,"'i..'pr"ol^tarlatrcomme'vclasse. ..l*,,i'.- *< 'J
'"" ' " y Cen'est pas nous qui le'disons: c'est
-""•■--——'''■*"-~----J-i->v-i eiiemeJme-~i
soucl'de- la
I4 tf.'i <' ■v?er,Y£trXe.> ^|soixs-noxisjy-elle^merni"©;- qui
P5"_^>^;Da}lytf,Gra"phlc employ alt,, m'a/dr dernier
"-r'Hf^ 7;pour^ jugerllafgreye: V-vyT y *' f"^? y7
P.-c fv":*a{'! L?',publicy-disait'.le'"-journal^uhlori;
' "^''^si^lste^ommen'ce^a^bon'.drolt'a, s'lrrifer,
•j.'/de layfacon"vdonVjes'"-' armateurs.'"
L,fei7.y,f.,sont" aussi 'lesJ-affalres""d"e' lal nation^ '-
w" ?'„. \*yAu .;,lieu^ d'examiner'T.dquitablement
'i^iy J-,:-;^es",-'grlefs7de's<. ouVrielrs^etTdeles -recqn-
y»u  '"''■*-"naitre^slll ost'prouv<5 qu'jls^sont.bion
"77-yfond6s:'les autoHWB'responsables'sem^
'{.!> »'"iv Mblebt "avoir .adopts ^uneVpolItlque' abso-
l^-yl^ue^cynique.y:;...,-^-5 *;*.?•-'■,-,-'. ,7'■:;,7,
'^^"^'j^ls^nt^en'Ceffet^dlt/aui ouyriers;^
?yy*y'.NouB 'neVpen¥b"nsrpas"quVvpuB "s'dyez
Z^. ^ViuffIsammentffbieh ^or^ganls^s'ypour- ar-
|"'!i>y dojinerWs3en." '>? * '~y'J?> lyiK yt:""'
'•V;'.^.-"'£?.;pe's - ouvriersj;. onj reponduy'eiiydti-
-,'--"'(\lnattendue- et ;peu-a', peu-les employ-
?/-?i" ;,"^53Urs^(ont>du':^fid«rt,et5njeme ^ recbr^
'". t&' '"^•naltroi :q'uo ■ ie'^.plalnteBydes". 6uvrl"ers
iV'l ;<y\-* n'^taloiit'-pnsydera'isbiinaW^       >^'"';^.
1.'*-.•$•«' • Qotlo''7"puiBs'ancoy d'organiaatiqn"
I *,>:?!-%!Idpht parjo leVl)allV!;,'Graphlc,v:ot,, que
;?ppy>i "nmiS; appellerons". tout 'slmplo'mqnt' es-
-; C,;« f *. plrt de. Bolidarltd fa '616; en" offet * ad-
;^yyyinlrable.;, .■'y-.^yj'-y .*:\y -,.-,,,; .
^{^yyljcs dqckors,,par suite de'rarbltrngo
%,'":*''•'"'?° ,^lr 'Albert'Ko'ileti-nyalent ou'.'giiln
^..."'ii, 7^e'■oaifse.'''-'/. Us T"av««^nt7'obtenu*satis-
y-'y i y faction- sur tqiJB,, lbs .points «t."nbtami-
,?M'..v^V1inent*;un!.Bnlnlro de, 8'->poneo (80 .cen*
Cb r>" \timoB):'do'l'houro "<ot'd'o i:BhllIin'g;'i(lfr.
W^r>\«25) pour1 phaquo heuro'su'ppldmentalroT
7l;'t'-'y,.MalB;'pdr,e8prltdo solldarlW) losdoclt
(i'y.y ,7ors s'otnlent,rpfUB(5s a ddsarmer;,, to
.;j,comii<5 ■ do, grovo do. VUnlbn.des -Iran-
-, ''sports ovalt' donndl4'ordro .quo- nul ou-"
yvrlcr no fiqnvnltroprondro' lo travail
,',.;nvftnt;qtiq toules los-'autros catdgorlos
^uOUvrloros'n'ousBbnt bgalombnt obtonu
>,'BatIsfnctIon,      "-' '■ ' - •   '-.,   ,»'- - '"
'"" L«o '-mot" d'ordro" fiit" sulvl"cbm'me
BGiilo lino classo ouvrloro; consclonto
;ot~pnrco 0"o; conscldnto—dlsolpllndo
, dockers (n old blonllt buIvIo par collo
.:>de8 miirln's,' dos chnffeurs, doscnmlbn-
r,;nour»; doH qlmrbonnters ot on'fln 'rpar
. .cello dbs gnbnflbrs, 7   ~   ;,,..' •"
,". .AhI "nuoj bol oxoraplo .pour tojito
las classo ouvrloro intornatlonnlo'quo
cbtto vlctoiro dos oiivriors do Londrosl
Ln clnsse' ouvrloro anglnlso no. so
payo pas do formulas.. .Elle alo sons
prnllqtio .morvolllciisomont ddvblbppd
et'si olio snlt'cotlser et nglr hnbltuol-
lement" nvoc cnlmo, olio salt' nussl
avoir rocours n tons les moyons-do
lutte, den plua pacli'liucs nux plus violent i, pour dofendro aos Intdrcta et
an "dlgnltd., ,,,,
. Soulement, olio, no crlo pas sur tous
los'tplts qu'll fnut fSriger lo sabotage
on dbgmo, la chasso mix ronards   et
.,By TlLM^wis" i\ , -/'- .
"Our-country,bwb's;ite'*industrial def
velopment to'ttie>klli ,'and labor of- the
wage "earne'rs..and^the'mental ability
of. those-Twbo "direct and manage the
develqpment^of our various Industries.'
Thelemplbyment^bf''labor'hai long
since, recognized the'^'nbcessity of con-
centr«ftibny* .Th'ls" is", why "combinations
^^continually ^bebig^'formed tio •in-''
'crea"^-*the''bfficiency.'0f united.-effort.
It; Wibeing..demonstrated* inHhe-jnar-
veiqus^.cdncentratjori'- 'that'" -has ' taken
place In'all lines"of Industrial progress.
f-?Improved^'transportation'■,- facilities
are"_annihilatlng.- distance"'and rapidly
j^rlngjng.. the*',various';sections qfijthe
.country "and ] of the" world'into '"clbser'
relation^' 7*.1!he, modern. method;7 of
'communication 'has-; improved'' ibe"' sys-
lem pf\llrecting every form of business
Labor 'laying 'machinery"'Is j dajly^dis-'
placing ..the'iskilled '.mechanic ,-to ,rsuc'h
an,-'extent 'that few laboring^ men'" can
claim" the distinction,; of .having*, and
iflaintainbig artrade^;ry.>""'''*-'>?7.>'""
-;*• Machinery and^ power'are .revolution-"
lziug the mining industry, oTthe7cotin-,
try.. V Invention/and .improvement'• are
transformlngtbe.lkbptfof-th'e railroad
employee-^from:a ^condition-of-" hard
^work'to one,of-^ skill "and "education.-
It-(is'-bnly-ca' questipnVp'f'-time-lintil
the ,work7In..therglas's;indp'stry' (with
the exception7of-mixirig'the'material)
will fb'q d.Qne':by' common"' labor. ' The
"maklng*-of shoes--has1lqng, sincejpass-
ed',from-:the.-cqntroi-of'the't individual
lines. Tobaccpf7indust^;"7including
thefcigar, stogie^and tbbae'eb^orkers^
bhould be in' one*"uniom§f^AU7:epploy-
"ees -In printing estabUsbnientstiEihoul'd
gbe , controlled,rby\6ne'f; .organization.
The',men employed bkstreet^cajf.'and
int|r.urban lines shbuld:'b§rinqne,lab6r-
^inibn.', The. r'aiirba^'emplioy^s^A-
eluding the engineeryilreMeni.'fcbnduc-
"tbr, brakemah, telegrapbers^ackmcn;
aid in!fact every'employee^iflkthe^rail-
f iWith^; labor organf^df"aIraVindp?X?ial
iine's "and-"the executiye1b^.cl*sjpf-'su|h
organizations - to * consUtufceVanj;Executive l Board or: board of ^control;'Ithere
is-nothing-withiiiVeason4 butj.wh'at" la"^
boring ,-men -and.i'wqme^:'cbuld.^s'ecurjg
without'resbftinglto.strike'or: suffering
the- liardshipsVthat 'are*7now, endure'J.
So; long^ as ^. the iwage ^earners * peronlt
trade ;lines,*Jiis't. so lbng^will' the,pqxv;er
of the Jaborrmovemerit7be; ineffective
in fully, protecting; the. rights antf^the
-welfare'■ of, th'el laboring^ people ip'f; the
cbuntry..,''" 1 -7-'"- * r -'-*'': '>'y' -"','.-'>: -
'. v- ,-,,\^-^:7, .*„?.■.'. -;-x;-' ■"
.^There.'are prominent, leaders In'the
labpr;. movement„"who -believe,' or' at
least' they express the;'opinion' that, it
is.impossible.to organize wage-'earners
qn-'industrlariines. -'Iristead^of making the" attempt someybf, those ".same
leadprs.u'se their influence to "prevent
the'!-growthflof the industftal-idea'/of
organizatlb'n.yr An": inyestigatibn; will
show^that tthose .labor, leaders--.who
oppose' industrial labor unions/ana^slill
adhere 'to* the ideaiof the trade union,"
areleither Jnsiricere In.their-desire to
organize a,p"ra"ctical 'defense-of labor's
rightsvor'they are-!permitt.ing their sel;!
fish-ideas of trade .and: skilled supre^1
macy" oyer - the", common labor" to- keep
thVlaborlng'people, divided.     .    '"7 y-
C, Combination 7of "capital "andVthe
cbijsoildatioh." of' corporations .must
be" {met by-'"a "• more compact fOi'iri!,bf
organizatiom'of thewageeafner;; .The
Labor Movement mu3t be recon stvir.t-
ed.brt sUch'lines as will eliminate, every
possible" 'element" of 'division  in " the
Sold on, the
Merits of
Minard's ,
! Liniment'
.ranks'of.the workers. ' Labor unions
orgariized„and strengthened on industrial lines,offer the best system for
the reason ;that the unskilled laborer
In any Industry receives the. same protection, in his rights as the most highly skilled "mechanic*. : "An ^injury tb
ioiio' is" the concern".of aft,"/' is tho
basic principle' upon*'which. Industrial
Unionism is-fbuiSded.    ." r   ' -   "
' '^ '       ".v- - v      ' -   '-7 .-       '
,Mt is not,to be;expected.that laboring,men,and women can be arbitrarily
made tb'surrender'their ideas or convictions, on this; important" question.
;it<,,is:a. question of "evolution brought
about"' by' education.- Every believer
and., advocate of.the solidaritycof the
fqrcespf labor will eventually-be'cora"-
pelled^to recognize .that laboring men
mustbe7more compactly organized *to
defendthemselves, not from employers
but-from the intensified selfishness of
mankind as>epresented in, the average
industrials-corporation.        ' "•'     ,"7-, ,
KyKin:^ on Reciprocity
•7r-''\". .".""'■
;"■-,;"- (C6ntinued"rfr6m<"pa'ge G)
di'vidualsyiari'd'.Avhat' is good for the individual-is "good-for* the nation as a
•,_ ;^.i' -f"°<,-._, -j ,-,'.-,.
whole \ --; d- i. t. s ..'      v •■
skilled:, mechanic'to' the" machine, and •" ™*™. ls'''?,tm..another cry raised,
the;fabtbry\^'The's^merpriricipie'ap. l^?, and-gentlemen- -The cry Is
pliw;ti.^an^iiws^r:^ .In raised that^this.arrangement;_.with.the
fact:.', the - skiiled.,-mecbanic., tbday?be-"
comes' tbe"",icbmm'bn. labbrer?.of itc^imor"'
rOWy.y^A---   ?:-£",: 1-V--TJ*  . 4.A;i'.-.,
. '  ,   ,*>^,-;V^^r...,''T4!^>P.'^ ^O «*^> 4..«v^^J-. ,    ,
- jlTo meet;tbe-newsconditlon confront-
' '). -'
X    t
United St*ates7will; interfere, with our
imperial' "relations,, 'that; is,' that^we
are nbt'doing'atair^thing.s'o to speak;
"1ng7t.no -wjtgeT^ners' anji^wealur- pro^
forma.';of^labV'unlons'muBt'.giye way
t'o'new;m"ethod8""of 'organization', among
tlie P,tollerB'''bf, the^couritr^'-Ji'-'Uiider
the' modernf methods' of t Industrial"' de-'
!ve)opment,7the'-rIghts. of ..the;.worker's
can best be protected by, the industrial
' fot-rn ;pf ^ "organization, or' ,to. .organize
thoriwage jCnrners by lndustry'lnstead
of by the'trade; ' /-.-.,• 77V''y'7<y
, To. secure .for, tho wage.«arhor a,-full
and "compl'eto [share of ,the.jesultBof
our;labof, and'to prevent-the laboring
nic.'i nnd'!w'>ir>*n' ot the country from
Ujng made' slnvas to the induatflaVmn'
chlno, and rtho,'selflshno8s'"ot\man,*,'a"
npw'. system must'be cstnbllshod,* upon
.which■ to. build, andiextend, tho Labor
Movement.;'-' Trado Unions,'as "such'?
rauBt'.glvb'iway to thb Industrial form
of, labor .'organizations.' •> ,-**-"-y
:■' - The ■ principle upon'.wblch; an "industrial .'organization, 1h,founded, means'
thnt ovory- Individual .wagejoarnor.em-
j)loyod" In' nn, Industry/'rogaidloas' of
.♦ho, Bklll or, trndo of that individual,
should be n member of the Bamo'labor
union. '-Tho United Mlno Workers of
America Is nn Industrial organization
for; tho reason'that it in'cludos within
its ranks ovory man working In and
around the coal mines,1 whother tho
em'plqyoe Is a miner, a skilled mechnn-
|o. or n' laborer. v '.
To'form Industrial unions," it-would
,bo necessnry to organize the employees In tho clay Industry, Including
potTerles, brick and tile works' of ovory
description, under tho Jurisdiction of
0110 labor union,, Tlio employees ut
the Rlnss industry, Including fllntpbot-
tic,,window and ornamental, should bo
In one union. Tho ahoo industry
should bo under tho jurisdiction of ono
union., The textllo Industry should be
nuder the Jurlsdlctlonof another union
Tlio employees In tlio foundries,, wholhor brass or Iron, should havo but ono
union. Tho Iron, stool nnd tin Industry should be organized along tho samo'
t;AiIcj 0 that while ""wo are callocl.upon
uidcr.Ithese'cirouisio.ances to ' make
many'sacrifices, .th'" will in any de-
grf-o''affect-theyojaUv oC* tlie Dritisk
s.il.jectsj.;, yWaayjiai. his "cry* ^ last
rii'r^yWhehf'l^'iittered ihnt sbn'i-
rich 1 ,the.-par*.y-call-'J,hud not ;ten
gone puL.T^Iaexp/wjing two such.op-
ppsiteWiews.i,within .the short;;period
o£ six-months;-Mr!i-McBride was'guiity
of a mbst'"astonisbing contradiction..
. .Does.:it\nt .ap'pear to you-to'be-a
case i" ofvMr.^f Jekyll  and - Mr." Hyde?"
the fruit industry," because .that ,is another of the things^ that Mr; Goodeve
dealt witb.last oiight^ I ajn'sure,1 and I
want to point out that in" other parti:
culars'alsb-'JIr. 'Goodeve, cannot'adhere to,the facts. "I don't know.whether jab,stated here or.not, but"he..cer-,
tainl'y^dld * in Cranbrook " and' other
places, "that, the imports of .fruit from
they other, side of the line was.'four
.^lillion. and some- thousand,'dollars,
and^e-held it up to the fruit growers
that"'_ they;-would be utterly swamped
by"that." ..But'we-will proceed to aii-
al3Tse, bis! figures. -/Without going'into
details„i.'findrthat, two millions out of
that*-four^were oranges; Two millions "of "thetfour millions quoted by
Mr..Goodeve'were oranges, and out of
the four ""millions-- said to .'consist of
tropical -fruit.'.there .was "only, about
threes million "doTlars'y worth' which
came in .contact" with-the "products, of
this country, 'y^anr.not going .'to'"deal
fully with the fruit' industry,",because
we are not so interested-in It in Fernie,
but I want to point out that Mr; Good-,
eve, cannot ■ be relied upon - to' quote
figures. - .1 say the.fruit, industry is
going to bo benefited, and thos^mll
duty which they are losing" will be
of benefit,to the consumer without
doing v the slightest harm to the - industry. - If ;you; look at the Nelson
News of yesterday you will see that it
is reported that a ranch "down in Cres-
ton has been sold at, the rate of $750
dollars an acre," which apparently proves that they are not' afraid to go on
with the fruit industry in this province
when they are prepared to buy land at
that- figure.   t.    - . " ■"      ",-   ".    )
•I don't Intend to detain you at "any
great .length. I \ have tried to the
best of my ability;''in the;short t'me'
at my disposal in which to 'discuss thi?
matteivto/lay before, you "some'of the
reasons why,,lnomy*-,judgment, at any
rate, every patriotic Canadian who <is
interested .in' his- own prosperity and
that .of his' country, should line up on
the 21st and-mark his ballot for Dr.
King 'and-Reciprocity. ..(Greit Applause.)?'This is a battle o fthe mass-
es.;"a  battle pf the "great  pro-iucers
in. and "around 'the mines",' and, have
not been either an idler or* a drinker,
y"et;today in this glorious land of pros7
perity, I bave,not 5'cents'in iny pocket.'. To night you;have heard what
the speaker .has said, and .although
he is-'called* a'Liberal. I want to say
to you that.if he progresses as rapidly
in 'the next few years as* he has recently," Mr. Fisher will be found in"tbe
Socialist ranks. (Loud laughter,' in
which'. none' enjoyed  more  than  did
A.-i.>.Vyy    y      . f4    ';
My friends, vcontinued Gray,-I,,-am
not a'.piiblic speaker, but what,I tell
you tonight is the truth, that you can-,
not'-deny, but" the-.working "class is
awakening; they are growing daily
more intelligent'anfrthe old party "politicians are also "getting wise to - the
fact and know that "to* meet these conditions they must drop their old ways
of soft soap and get down to a discussion of affairs, when they,will'find
what the workers" want to know and
will not be satisfied" with assertions
only.,' , v  -' '-
The speaker, who is a coal miner at
Coal Creek, and ono of the officers of
the Local Union, greatly impressed his
audience by the earnestness of his Ian-
g'ouge, his, sparkling witticisms,' and
when he concluded was most roundly
applauded for his presentation.of his
opinions. '   *  v ■.
, ;   J. W.*Bennett
.J. W. Bennett, the next speaker, said
that he felt at this stage of the pro-'
ceedin'gs that as"the hour was so advanced he* almost.felt, like making a
speech, which for brevity would equal
that of. a member for-Lincoln (Bng),':
who astounded the' members of the
House of Commons, after twenty;
eight years, by rising for tbe first time'
in his career,'and. catching'the speaker's eye, said: "If you don't close that
window I. shall-have a stiff, neckl"
However, he continued, having''been
accorded.the opportunity.of"speaking
from! a Liberal - platform,- he felt that
it, wast incumbent upon him to xiomplyl
with the usual amenities.. "Among,all
races aiuTln all countries there are
characteristics peculiar to each;' and
homeward, with a feeling that regard--
less of any party, affiliation ,it had
been an" enjoyable  and well    spent
evening. *   '-' *"  , ' ' '  __*
Dialogue Between a
Goal Barah and Son
and, consumers',throughout the, novn-* that immense'eomposite body ordinarl-
try,;ahd of'the toilers from one end
of-.the-Dominion to'the other. In
this battle the opponents of Reciprocity come before, us", so to speak, wrap-
ly designated as Anglo-Saxon if there
is. one ..feature'that, stands out prominent it is'theytrue-sporting instinct,
yet-withal ■ they, who so vociferously
•pedvabout with-the British flag'and it- Cry oufabout' "Fairplay/' arid yell so
is ouryduty;; to; plainly intimate." to. inslst«iUy about-"Loyalty,'.' have ad-
themrby, our votes that we refuse tojopted taotICs that;clearly-prove their
allow-the. flag~°f the.-empire to'which|lllB,nMrIly*0, purp0M*and by thelr re.
,we'are.all.devoted to be%proatltaradjluclano4 to discuss-the different sub-
in the, dust-to serve the purposes, of
any,political, party.-    (Applause, and
List of Locals District 18
20 Iiankhead ,. V. Whoatloy, Dankhead, Alta,
481 Tleaver Croak  1\ Onughton, llonver Crook, via pinchor
491 nellovue,....,,..,, .T, Dnrko, Hollovuo, Frank, Altn. ''
£103 lllalrmoro....,,... D. J. Cbaso, nialrmore, Alta, <!      •     ,
: Am t»..«^-,»^' /. ;; ,,     ' j-;   p.«i :.-\\...  r'-^ ■'-.';."'Vr.
9.MT' Carbwndaln..-.,'.... X. 'It. Hvnlnp, OflrbonrtMp, rotomnn, Mtn7
2JR7 Cardiff ;.... .T. Poole", Cardtfr, Alta.
,1378 Cnnmoro......,,,, N.D.Thachuk, Canmore. Altn. ""
C6SS Coleman........... W,Graham,Coleman. Alta.
S877 Corbin .''...<  J. Twlgg, Corbln, II, C.
t1?a f^itrtnnV Vtn»»n VJm   Jfrunrti^   TWnwi««i1   n»i*    Affi
217S Diamond City..... Cliarles Orban, Diamond City, Lcthbrldgo.
231 i Fertile  Tbot, Uphill, Fornlo, D. U.
13(3 Frank. G, Nlcpl, Frank, Alta.
2497..Hosmer ....,,,.... W. Baiilerttono. Hosmer, II. a,
tofit lilllcreat....,.,.., J.0. Jones,Hlllcrest,Alta,
(74 f^thbridge L. Moore, P. 0. Box IIS, Uthbridjo
llfc» lvrtbtiridge ColileriMi Frank Haringltam, sec, via., Kipp, Alta.
Ilt9 Ulte  W.Ti.Rrsnt, Ulle,Frank. Alta
tttt Maple l*«t M. OUday, Maple l^eat, Delleroe, Alta.
Hit Michel ,,,,-ir. TJarrelL Mlthal, I», C.
U MewtreJi Mine,,.. Itwace WeedieW, Taber, Alt*.
mi Fassbur*  Wm. Cooke, Pasabumr, Alia.
im Itoyal View „ Thos. 1L FisUr, lloyal Collieries, Lethbrldge, Alia
lot Taber..  William Rwtell. Taber, Alia.
Vrt*» taber.,...,,.,..., A^ l*aUer«e», ri'alm, AH*.-•
. ' * )..    , ,
Tfeere" Is, absolutely no conflict bet-
ween'this' trade'- agreement- with ■ the'
United States,'confined'as it is* lo natural , .products, and our trade relations with".!; the'1'motherland' You
'kho^v:l"a9;a^fa'ct':\'nat,,Great Britain ls
.only-concerned in-sending into' tho
Canadian markets- here manufactured
products This agreement deals only
with" natural ■ products,"- the tilings
' ,wlilch the' people--consume,r and -1
repeat that the Britishers aro only concerned with getting a market for their
manufactured products You know
"that, tho* Dominion Government gave' a
preference .to the mother .country7of
33 JL;3 per cent on British manufacture
edgoods coming Into this country, and
is'it'nbt'etrango that thoso gentlemen
•who oppose tho pact should have the
.liardlhoodto say that wo nro not doing
nfair thing to Groat Britain when Mr.
Borden himself declared that ho would
not Increase" tho British preforenqbT.
You' hear quite a lot about loyalty
ttmt'lt.simply rovonls the fact that It
in this election, nnd It seems tb me
ls moroly Up loyalty . Thoy opposed
every move of tho government which
whs In the' direction of considering
the requests of tho motherland, and
now thoy protend to sny that this reciprocity arrangement will lnlerfero
with pu'r arrangement with Great'Brlt>
riliL I say It will not What, aro tho
nrgunjonls agnlnBt this pact? You
know this, Indies nnd gentlemen, that
from every platform In this provlnco
thnt If wo ontor Into this agreement, It
may bo bf-ncficlnl, but 't l« E0l«S to
ijiirst up tho ompir'o/nnd In tlio snmo
wny It Is going to lend us Into' nnnoxa-
tion with tho United States I want
to rend something to you, something
which I think you will consider of somo
Intorest You know, Premier MoDrido
wns horo, nnd thoso bt you who hoard
him will agree with mo that ho didn't
do very mucli with the exception of
"waving tbo flag," Ho doclarod thnt
this ngreemont will ultimately lead to
annexation with tho United Blntes if
It goes through. You would expcot
that nny man who lakes on thnt quo*,
tion would ut least bo consistent, but
I want to point put that ho 1ms a
very short memory, becauso ho expressed hlmsplf on the very samo subject only six months ago, and he denied
tho assertion at Cranbrook. . On. February 13th last Mr. McDrldo spoke in
Hie house at Victoria,on this question.
Vuu uiii neiu<)iuiwr tfut.tuti) iiUruiiui'.
c£ a ro*olullon there condemning reciprocity. Well, we will Jntt rend
what^lio said on 'that occasion, aoj
compare It with hla'statotnonta made
^iui« >ua uw, TrtKia wiitiii no cw.iht-
ed that the ratification of this pact
would undoubtedly lead to Imperial dls
solution and - the fusion of Canada
with the tTnlted States.
T will quote from the "Dally Colon-
Ut," it a Conservative: paper. "Pome
«'»•<• bad tone to th« length of riv-
i:;.T that U wuukt utvif. w Inmnh lu lUu
p"Hft\x Imperial relitfows that would
widen gradoaliy unlit U r*athe1 teil-
<ms pTopwHItms, T wonM nf.rer e»
a* far.* aal4 the Pmnler."
tlh} &o*» be eo »•> f»r today, onlv
a'i i A&Ui* UUtl " V* «*Wk "I rttHi^i
And what Is.responsible for, that-won-
derful-transformation in that comparatively-shbrt,7*perlod? After making
such; statements on the 13th of Febru-
cries„.of7.Hear, Hear!) ' I do not
th'irik'iit tequires "any prophet to for"=-
toll-.at-this: time that in this issue, in
this 1 con test,"1 Sir".. Wilfrid Laurier J will
boy triumphantly 7 sustained.    .(Hear/
qry'last;?'I§Mt*'not somewhat inconsis-
tent,'^tp7-adyT-the least, that he should
now-go'through the country.,preaching, the-doctrine, that if we believe
that ithis".reciprocity arrangement is In
our.'own'Interests, and place it on tho
statute;.books ^at Ottawa,-wo will imperil: pur imperial relations, forgetting, that Just six months ago, in his
calmer "moments, that he stated;    "I
•h     -
would,never go so far" as to say so.
.; Mr.; Borden expressed Blmilar "views
about seven years ago, but today wo
find '"• him (on tho public {'platform^ contradicting his'previous'views'-and tho
views, of his leaders in the past
:', Now,- ladies nnd gonlloineiv   with
your ,kind'indulgence,, I will refor to
Bomeof the advantages"of thls.'jiact—
some,of,tho advantages that will nc-
,cruo'' fronj this ngreqraent if It goes
through."! I mnko tho assertion that
ovory, Industry in BrillBh Columbia Ib
going to,, bo benefited.     It Is a bold
statement to make, but I believe It
will Bthnd commont.     I ilon't, know
whotlier,Doctor, King'rcforrod to-iho
lumber Industry, I suppose ho did, nnd
thnt'Mr, Goodovo was trying to make
nipr^y "over a cortaln resolution passed
nt' NelBOfl by tho Llborol party, ' ■ I
suppose lie referred to that; but lot
mo say, this In passing ,tbnt every lumberman is agreed thnt, so far as tho
lumber Industry Ib concerned, tlio proposed ngreomont would, result in nil
gnln nnd no loss.    Under HiIb arrangement wo will got froo nccess Into* the
United States, for many productB of
our   forests, whorons   thoro ■ Is   no
clmngo mndo In tho tariff on such products coming Into our country from tho
other side, bcrntiKo rough lumbor has
been freo in our markets for tlio pant
fifteen yonrH.    Now they protend lo
ttolieve that tho American market Is
of no value to iih,  ' What Is the nun
of such a'Httttc<mo»t when wo have
only to turn to tbo trade return of Inst
year to find that Inst year we exported
to tho Utilfod fiintM about 2% mllllo'i
dollars In forest products,'and the av-
erago over tho last flvo years has been
about the samo,    Thoro aro mlllmcn
along tbe Crow nt tbe present tlmo
thnt are'shipping lumber to thnTTnlted
Stntos,     Under this agreement the
ttraph nnd tn1*pho?i« pota*, and «« on
bear!)'"'-'ShalFweln Kootenay~asslst
liJrii-'iriythat victpry?.< My prediction
ls -thai; we~ will.'.- . It seems to me that
the' demi; god .of partisanship could indeed exult-'and "add another thorn to
it-i;"eiown'if,It co'ald-persu^^o' tho people. < f'Kootenay to votefora.meiis'ne
ih;if will hold'::hiu to, the enormous
ta«a'ion-;of the -'IUerests,"- or Induce
tl'.oni' tclisten to the crlos raised ag.
alnatythls! pact, by'our opponents' in
thcir.itra'ntlc',eff6ri*.i by means fair,or
foul, by arguments honest or dishonest,
to obtain votes for Mr. Goodeve and
themselveB.7 ■ In this wild scramblo
for vbteB'.they have not scrupled to
attempt' to.ralso antipathy against our
American' neighbors, ln order thnt wo
should not ontor Into closer trade relations with',tliom; but let ub .remember that wb|lri Canada can perform tho
beBt service for ourselves and tho people .of the'world by standing between
Great Britain nnd tho United States,'
with the "arm ot commercial amity outstretched to-both, for the mutual-nd»
vantage of both, so that Canada as a
host ago between the two would form
thp centre, pillar, as It wore, ,ln a
grand arch of peace and amity and
prosperity. - '
*Mr. J. W. Gray
Tho Chairman then called upon .T.
W Gruy, who, slopping to (bo front oi
the platform Hinted that ho was much
obliged to tho LlbcralM for tho court-
csy extended, a courtesy, which the
other Bldoihnd not given, and as it
was plain to bo noon by. tholr. tactics
that thoy did not want discussion ho
had on Iho night previous called out
from the body of tho hull, and for
doing which Home of his frlonds Hnld
ho ought to be iiHlmmod, to which ho
had replied Unit as theso men (Conservatives) claim to bo tho friends of
the woi'hliiaimin but by lliolr nttemplH
to evndo dlscupulon, then he hnd nothing to npnloglza to anybody for tlio
artlon ho took to Hhnw IiIh disapproval
or tholr tnctlCH. At CmiI Crock at-
tiMiipiH to avoid discussion at tbo close
of th« mooting woro only punlnlly successful, "Socialists," Mr. Gray snld,
"regard tho two old parties much In
tho snmo light, tbo only different being thnt tho Conservatives aro on our
shoulders while tho Liberals are ne-
roHN our hips, nnd wo nro our to
throw them both off. Mr. Goodovo
told tbo audience that Rlr Wilfrid Uu-
jects would naturally lead one to assume that they.did";not feel-that security of position which" they so loudly
.proclaim. *. " y.- - ,..' ,
'.So far as the two parties are concerned, said->Be'nnetti""I-hold no brief
flat-footedly opposed to the one as -to
the other; still, I cannot refrain from
making comparison between" the respective attitudes of the representatives
of Liberal and Conservative during tho
present campaign.   - '.,.--
- "Look v where you may to day the
wido world over, there is-labor unrest,
belt In Free Trade England, Republican  France,' whoro  tho  women   are
showing their disapproval of the high
prices thoy "must pay for the necessaries of life and engaging, ln demonstrations of a more or less exciting .character, .In,the much protected  United
States, there is hubbub nnd strlfe.hence
It is obvious thoro must be soma root
cause, consequently reciprocity   would
no: folvo the problem, therefore,-Is of
no ronl value tc tho working clasi, yet,
ns n factor in tho processes of evolution, as a 'question ot political economy, the fewer restrictions thoro arc
tho moro rapidly will trade relations
develop.    Alluding to tho statements
mado hy Mr. Macdonaid, ho sold thnt
tariffs por so do not affect wages,
thnt iho wages paid woro baseil iipo'i
(ho competitive condition of tho labor
market.    The workers havo only tholr
labor power to illsposo of, and t'.il.i
commodity like barloy, hogs,- cheese,
etc,, Ih Hiibject to tho Ramo economic
laws   tlint  <lok>i')iiluo„ tho  prices   ol|
theso nnd liko commodities.     Lnbor*
saving or lnbor displacing machinery
hns so tvomt^rtoiiHly Incrcnsod the productive rnjmclty por capita that today,
according to the. HintIhIleu furnished
by 1.7, ft   niitliorlllfM, the wnnron  por
capita nro ?3I7, whllo the vnluo of
tho product of tho Individual Is ostl-
Minted nt f2r>00 lu round flRiiren, hence
It Is slmplo mnlhcmiiticnl propoHltlon
that, 35' cannot buy buck MO.     II.-
tlion.'referred  lo tho slntoincntK of
both Mr. Goodovo and Mr, Flslior, tho
ono denying Iho other's accuracy, HIuh-|
tinting his points about n darky on \
liinl, anil his ophtiotiH after his lnw-1
yor and the prosecuting nttornoy has
dlRcus'Pd hl« cose
lie then Hit Id that his great khuuI-
fnllior fought with Hlr Arthur Wol-
,7Son:    Say, Dad, why are all those-1 „
men. so "black?y   -    '.,.'- »- °-
-- Father:    Theyhave been working In ,'
the .mines, my son.,.-'' ".
' Soii:    Do they work very hard?..''
■■.Father:- Some of them do iiecause-,,'
they'aro.afraid ifsthey"did not they   "'
might lose their jobs.  - -       ■.' '
Son: Dont' they all work hard then.
, =Father: Some of them are very.useful mon and in addition to their ordinary work bring information to,the
office of what the men say about the
company and in return for the,ir loyal- '
ty are given good places where they
can make good wages without too much '",
exertion. ',
, Son: But say, Dad, isn't that a kind
of mean because-you have always told
me that when I' get. into a scrape at .
school to take, my medicine like a man
and not.squeal on.the other fellow? ^
Father: That's all- right at 'school,
but. if Is quite different In business,
because.If we did not have these'in-;
formers we might" have considerable
trouble made'by those who are, .inclined to be too free with their tongues.     -'   '•- -". '.'   ■ -"   '
P-C/R' But say, Dad, how 'did you
aad the rest of the .gentlemen get hold
of all this coal land?-1    , '•  ■
Father:   We saw fo it that men who
aro smooth of tongue and know how .to    '
jolly the worktngmen Into giving ,them    '
their votes were sent lo the law-making houses, and then we made appllca- ■;-
tlori for the right to form a company,
for the, purpose of developing,, certain
coal measures;  this done we hired-a
clever surveyor to mako surveys and    '
put  down.his  stakes .so  that  there
would not.be "any mistakes about his
"having Included^ sufficient of the land.
Son:    But say, Dad', what>would hap
■pen if the workingmen decide to elect
only men that were' sworn'to represent'
the interests "of themselves?,
Father:    Now,'my dear boy, that is
the-very reason it is so important that
we, should .have those men that you
call In schoolboy language "sneaks.",
If a worhingman should make the suggestion you have just made then we
either „see to it that he is fired or   if
we know that ho is looking for an easier job we sometimes "disarm him by„ •
giving him one, it just' depends which   ■
plan we consider best to adopt.
that some day ,the workingmen will,do.7
this that I have said, and.what would: "
j happen them?   -    ,       -    '       ...'*"'-'
' Father:" My boy, tho working class'
is so busy'getting enough to eat and
drink and even though they may have.,
those thoughts enter their, heads at
times', they fear to express them because of losing their jobs and having <.,
lo face starvation.
Son:' But, sny, father, don't you say
that'll Is through legislative bodies
that you obtain these good things nnd
that'ta put the right men there you
havo to depend upon the workers them
selves? ,
Fnthor:   Quito correct,  my   son.
■   Son:   -Whnf would you'do If thoy
DID mnko'up tholr 'minds'<'to .vote for
tholr o\Vn benefits? *   '       ""'iJ'f
Father: That's an Idle, dronm, nnd
even It realized wo always hnvo tho
judges, policemen and soldiers op our
sldo. ,   V
Ron: " Yes, but supposing that thoso
workingmen made up lliolr minds not
to work unions tho conditions woro Improved what thon?
Fnthor: Wo tako good enro' thnt
thoy do not get too much money nbcad
nnd then when tholr wives-and children nro hungry thoy are unnblo to.
listen lo tho crlos of tholr loved onos.
nnd If thoy dont' go back to work nnd
try to steal, we soo to it that our police
mon put Ihem In goal,,
Son: But say, Dad. T don't soo that
thoy would bo much worse off IT thoy
did go to gnol thoy hnvo to bo fed thorn
nnd T don't think that the work would
bo any linrdor or nny moro dangerous
than It Is lo work In a cnnl mlno.
Father: Oh, but, son, remember
that tho most of theno men hnvo boon
brought up nnd tnupht thnt It Is wicked lo stenl, nnd tlio pwncliors Impress
this upon thorn, nnd again tholr jinn
onts have told thorn fur bolter dead
than dlMgrnrod nnd co ninny of thoso
pi'ftplo will ;uvi',')t nnd toll, doprlvo
tlinuM'lvoH of plfiiKiiroa nnd ovon tholr
chllitron at «><1ik ntlon by putting them
to work boforo (hoy wlimilrt nit hor than
bo ni'ioxtoil for utonllnir,
Hon:   tiny, I*nd, don't you love mo
-". 3.;
lesley at   Fucntcs d'Onnru.  ltadajo/,
and oilier battles of tho Peninsular;   uml ll.o tn»t of my hrothor* nnd sis-
but, ho added, "He's dond!" His
grandfather was nuo nf tlio ngltntnrK
In tho Chnrllnt movement, but "Ho*h
dond, too!" And continuing, ho nntd,
In each epoch thoro nro problems to
).UMilU*t4lK4|       *Jit*^ V* *•       lt/>IW^        «**h«V
th* n,u*ntlrm ef "TTnlnntntn," nnd vol lH-'onrr- tbr TVonrt nnd V.ultor Prol.bni
"Fnthor:   Certainly, my boy; why do
you nsk such a foolish qucMUm?
Son:     Now, I suppoiio tlmt, ttiono
minors lore their children Junt as you
ut, )UUIb, litU   ii  i  (<i'HI«l't   liui(   v^iliHI
no   Hue )l\lk- iu\)   lu-yM  ;.4A Hhhl
and lot mo toll you what will ho the! (Mr. Oondevel  did not  hosltnto    to I Wo are nil In various Btmres of mental! for tlinso doporiilont uj-oti you I should
result. Mr, Kellokor, at Nelson, who
is in the post business,- said that last
year he shipped posts to the United
Rtntn* tn tho rimonnt fvt 1IWHWWI ftnWnri
sneer at Mr, Fisher In his absence,!development, rcmiltnnt from our sur-
He then went Into the merits nf tho | rounding*, but ono of the liest plnns
Compensation Act that had bean nc-Jto bo followo,| is that free and open
retitoil tiv tbo mlrtlnp rnroorntlfimt <tti,t' ,lt*,.»D,.lnn '
In conclusion he urged his hearers
The duty on those posts was 25 per j claim* paid without any, difficulty for
tent, and be paid to the customs to {several years, and then W, 11. Tlnxs
the extent of 25 thousand dollars,
Under reciprocity those posts will go
in freo, and if it is a good market for
his posts under a high protective tariff
how much better will It be with the
tariff removed? It means that tf he
iloo* the aame amount ot basinets
ho will have 25 thousand dollar* more
under (his pact—an additional tl.Wi
dollars for himself or to distribute
among bis mon, and my opinion la
that Tat will probably difide no,
i*l »» Juai te&r for fc-iMiMMt to
had by his action completely destroyed oven this small compensation-—this
Is the man who comes before us and
claims to Iw the wprklngman's friend,
nlitiftwtn bo Is more readily wogmr,-
od as Hal lot llox Hill!
'. ho literature that U sent broidoait
throughout the old country had Indue
eii thwiMnds <a* it had the tj^akfr)
to come out to Canada, for which pur*
po»<> he had disposed of what1, little
not to llstou only, but to road all
sides: study the questions and to do
this for themselves, and while they
might make mistakes, no progress was
over effected without them.
Thanking tho chair, on behalf of
the flociallats, for the privilege, and
the audience for tbo kind attention, bo
took h's ao«t.
Chairman ihitblo then d«lar<«l the
moetlng rle««dr and after three rousing choors had been given for Dr.
hnvo thought you woro a proMy poflr
fnthor, snd I nm thinking that <wm»
dny this snmo notion will ontor tho
1 «4,« «   il ' * *-.
fc.»v«* i A-   t-H»    tV.U     lf*k<        V.    ".M..     ffvl+'lKm*^*,**    ««i*tj
have takon ndvnntnge of tholr !gnor»
Fnlhor: M>" *on' >'otl '""* ,0° much
nbout thtngs that you don't understand
properly and took at it In the wrong
lleht. Remember we have the brains
otbtTWlso wo should not bo In control
of affair* and that the workera will
bsT« ftufflolwit, Intflllgonce to act; for
their own benefit (hla side of the year
?£»(>d Is a dwarn.
iKxlt father to attend a leettire upon
Tbe Promotion of IVace Among Na-
tloni," and ■ the aon for a spin in his
belonging* be poatested to raise the! King, the crowded bttildlng was soon
i|>rU«.    "!•'or 'ii y««r» i bav* «»ork*<Vj*t»p*l«e, anrt all wemtod ibotr way fast »r»o«ltng irmtor yacht.)
?4Ji**frTB'yTf*"''aj!" ^j."?™?**"***   •***'**
i-m* if.       B-wMH^W-t*^ "-«*' f-**~**"' -«l    ^kvJp**
■ ~ -«_- ^«ft -*»- ». »jtm*..^itii. i&nfe sr* .*     *f-. y ,y -
r    ^*\"7'-
r^ ^yr>j * --^ •*   *-*j.%
'■"                                                                    ,            ,,     ,        n,
»v»     1        '
w* {Jfowslesi
"7^*, y
Trading  Compaiiy, Ltd
*     1      ^
"' The Store of Good Values
s      %  -     'v  .    '         ,.-.-"              -   '
">'~ Wirhandle only the highest quality of food pro-.
' -   °   ,.
ducts procurable," and our prices, consistent with
. ■*
•^ quality, are lower than all competitors. • Allowyus„
"*"   to supply your table wants; the special offerings*
TCI           -
for Saturday and Monday will more*than ever save
you money,      N                        s
L^„^"L                                          •              j
, \
We have received our last car of Preserv
ing Fruits this season, prices now, being*
' at the lowest point.                     y
' ' ,   *''''
Split Peas, 5 lbs. for .........\.': .'.,   ,25c.
■    8 lb: Sacks Rolled Oats ...... .* 7...   30c.     v.
Shredded Wheat, 2 pkts for .:..........1.  '25c. . ,
*         0
Toasted Corn Flakes,' 3 pkts. for ". .-  25c'.
y ,       »
-• -, Puffed "Wheat, 3 pkts. for \    25c.
Canada First Cream, 20 oz. tins 12 tins for ■ $1.00
, 2 pz. Flavoring Essences ?.." s - 15c.    '
"   , 4 oz7Flavoring Essences 7    25c.
-Assorted Toilet Soap, per doz. .." .-7. ' 45c.   "*
7    5 lb.-This Table Syrup  '.    25c.:, .
- Ridgway's ,01d Countrj^Tea, per lb. .......    45c. ,-
" i
Toilet Paper,*5 pkts for ..."....' '..':..    25c.
1           ir
Assorted Ciike""Iceings, per pkt.' -     10c.
1                L
'^7 -   #
' Millinery and Ladies' Ready-to-Wear. De
";" ,'c"
partments. ■    We. invite your inspection.
*i     ,.
-The W .R." McDougall; Shoe Stock pur-   '
7 7.'
,   -
' „    chased at sixty cents on.the dollar, and sell-/ yy
'■ !
i >           t
y  ingin many instances^belowTactory cost. ',jj'r-''
.      v"         **                                                           '                                                                              "V                '"*   '                             *           '    <.                   *•      '»      ~~1   "
^                                             *»
.    .     -*w            *■                  -*.. "*  * ".-..' "   .
1 I
.'.-"'                   ?.■.->.{-".      -.';." "
- - >
'-' I
Here and There
Thanksgiving I)ay. has been set for
Monday, October the 30th...,-, * "' ",- 7 y
Leslie Mills'and Sammy Walters are
spending a.week up the south,fork pf
the Elk on a hunting trip. "/'-',-"._ ^
Mr.- and Mrs. Burnslde of Warner,
Alta.," came in on Thursday's flyer-oh
a visit, to the latters parents," Mr and
Mrs. Whiinster. "„   "    • ,   .  ■  -     - -,'
Any machinist who is either a trombone or clarinet player can learn something tb. his. advantage .by calling at
The (Ledger Office     / »'  -    ' „
Our townsman* W M. Dicken is the
proud possessor of a-sample of horse
flesh with action that ?would entitle
It to the blue ribbon at an exhibition
of high-steppers. - \ - ",*   "
The funeral\of'the late Jas."Smith
was held last Sunday from the Baptist
church,' ^ Rev. Thomson officiating.
Several members' of, the Miners' Union
to whidr,deceased belonged, were in
attendance bavingebarge of the funeral arrangements.-1 After the funeral
service at the church which,.was very
rargeiy"att«naeartne~boay*"was convoyed to the'Fernie cemetery for burial..
Fit-Reform went to the Coronation
and brought home a shipload of
Fit-Reform saw the King, nnd flic Dukes nnd Earls nnd ■Daroncrs.  Fit-Reform saw
them "in their coronation robes—and also in their suits of Tweeds nnd Worsteds.
Fit-Reform saw the'styles as worn hy the "first gentlemen" of Europe—and brought
back   exclusive ideas
end patterns that have
been incorporated into
the new Fall Suits and
Stop in and sec the
new fall Styles as per-
IVm'wiu \i)   JL'Iv-lMlUf m.
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
My frlond,, Socialism 'is n troo grow-
lng In tho noil of our present day 8o-
doty; and Ju«t *■ tho filth manures
tbo troo nnd prop«ffi»f<»» Un growth, no
dooa tbo evil o,f our present ioclnl »y«-
l(»m prop»ff«tfl th« eroiyth of the' 00-
clullstlc tree,
Thlg troo will boar fruit, snd under
careful treatment will bear good fruit.
Bui your are often not content with
tbe fruit that jrour tree bean, »nd
In emir** of Hm« ymi gr«ft fh* find ot
other t,nd better fruit treoa.  Now, «o
muat wo look on Soclnllam. Wo want
tlio boat fruit, wo want to boon on
grafting Into our tree All that la good
nil that {< beat for the betterment of
mankind. Do not bo downcast oven
wheu jour oupoucnt luupcua lu defeat
j'ou in argument, for yur creed la to
take tho beat of everything; you bavo
d«ir; nelthor la It necessary to quea-
tion what profit or dividend may obtain — your creed Is for Urn benefit
htimnnfty*, not fndlvMuttla. You can-
take all that la good In hla "lam" and
' Bert ,WhImster is out thlB ^week with
bis artillery looking for.big'game. j"
~ There Ib on display this week In the
Co.-Op. store'grocery window .a fine
assortment of'fruit andlyegetables" of
the' Creston .variety.   ,y •■oV   ;'
, Jack.-Lester/the "Cyclone Kid"," well
known; around\lTeraie, and, Coal- Creek,
got*the 'decision."' over-Bill- Lang, the
Australian' heavyweight;*- last week in
a twenty round go. y -' ••»■?     ''       l-
result that the-standard, of living of
the great masses barely" reaches the
point. of "subsistence • with-, its corresponding "enervating effect'upon ;'the
poverty stricken/"•-,V,i,; & ■ ' . a   .-r
i "-.<.}
■■■ J.',R.(Boyle.yM.L. A,' for "Sturgeon,
Alta.,"late deputy-speaker of Alberta,
and . bne'of Hhe, leaders of the fight
against',the A7G. ,W.' deal.stayed , off
here withchis .wife and family' enroute
frbmythe: coast to their''homo-Sin'
Edmdht6n7yy,'% "■' \ ,       '•-77'
Rev I.; iy7. ^Williamson, general secy.
"of the B;C; Sunday School Association,
wass in town 7 pn7 Thursday evening in
connection;with- his work and addressed a' fair", sized gathering inthe.Bap-"
tlstL'churchh'«"His.;report of. the,-great
world's^S/'S.'-; convention -held in San
frranciscoJaBt-June was indeed inter-'
esting ;as, weliyas instructive?' Many
points /jfj"value" in connection with" tbe
work were-touched upon and the marvellous growth1'of-this phase of church
work must/be ^most gratifying-oand at
the"sam'e'time stimulatlngto those*en-
gagedt 7Rev7Williamson went wes't^on
ments'for,tlie'blg convention whlcti'ls
to^ be; held inyWestminster during' the
mbnth'of^October.,"   *
-We have this, week received the
Midsummer Number of The, Macieod
Advertiser/.' The cover in red contains a;sketch;-which on first glance
we ralstobk"forji- spider, but a closer
inspection revealed,^ "Macelod" . with
railroads-built and;projected representative of the legs*of the indefatigable
Insect.,, There • are ".the usual Illustration's of streets;-homos and important
buildings,'oxcollent write-ups of business firm's, farm'-'scenes, etc';, but the
moat alluring one at this season of
the year ls an 'automobile ,usorl as a
frame upon'which to "hang numerous
samples of tho quack-quack' that furnish such oxcollent sport for tbo ohot
gun expert within, a short distance of
the, town', ..The''publication is rold
for 2Cc. and nnyono Interested in (lint
WcHcm' of tlio country will find l,.U
tho best two bits wortluof lnformaiioh
they ever expended. * ' -
„"' ,'"Coleinan, Alta,'- Sept.li',--i911.
To the 7Editor; District' Ledger—-'. - ;■',
. * Dear.Sir,—Kindly' insert ln our.valuable' paper-the'se'few lines,in reply to^
the letter which appeared in the'last
weeks^ iBBue,"signed,by "Timber Wolf.'
Hes.writes, of^.the" Coleman-men that
went to Castor, for Vh'at reason, I don't
know.J -As be goes.on tb'say.'ls it fair
to leave the field of \battle to our foreign '.brothers, to cope- with. I may
BtateMhatTthe. District, Officials" advised any one that could get out1 to
"do-sof/also, did7international Board
Member^ W.l Diamond. - , Now! as far
as " the, men "are, concerned that-, went
to .Castor, I Hope these letter's that are
published "'will'convince the readers of
themthat these .men were not of thie.
principle "''Timber Wolf." would< liketb
class them,'as-some of them sought-in-
formation 'from our District' Officials
before going; also/ were advised by
thenr to"; go: He also ^states' that the
cry, isc heard all'along -the1 line^that
the^ English 'speaking'are "foingy'to,
work; and-yet'if "we" foreigners"were
doing bo "we" wouidtlikelybe branded
"a7s "scabs."- v He.also^entlpnBLPrifc.
ciples,freely, ,but,"he\has^the audacity
vto'■ shield .himself behind'.the; foreign
brothers,7 also:"«byy signing',himself
"Timber. Wolf which" In. 'myV.opinl6n
would have^'sulted'him better had,ho
signed4'himselfK-i'Snake in'" the" Grass."
;v'yi reniainyyyy,; y-v 77
'■ '"v-",',-,'-   "Yours truly,- --."'.*/,' -1 -
- n^ry>'h/;--.   •   7 r-j: Johnston
,   J
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^ Strawberries^ in heavy syrup," gal. cans.J,;..^   65c.<•.
',,Blue^Iial)e^Tpmato"Cats\ip, bottle r:........   30c".-'
y Stirling Extracts,^true flavors, 2 oz/bottles '->12V4.'/
:Pure'Black Pepper, l.lbnrcans, .;V. ;.V. M.-.'. '.25o,'!'
•' .•   ---V"r-,  -• .     -' ' ,"   °*"V       ,   >    -J*   \t >.--«. -~
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.^Finest Canadian-, Cheese, 2
,,'7Table"\'Sj4tf ,4"bags:.::"Ii77 f .-.»*;
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V";F,a*ncy Italian;P^runes^basket;
.7, Freestone/Peaches',;crate. 7.,~.
Freestone "Peaches, basket ,.-1'-..'
■ "Gbod'Cboking or Eating. Apples,Vper.bqx_ '$1,75
;• 10cr v
7'' 7"7
V 1956. 7
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'fT:   *'*
► •;  f."
1" -A, J.
(Last Saturday overling, Sopt. 9th; at,
tho Mc'thodlBt Paraonngo, Miss Lena
Dobson and Mr, Wm.'nouahorn woro
united In tho holy bond of matrimony.
Both partloB aro woll known ln Fernio
nnd will continue- to mako their homo
in the city, Mr. ,nnd Mrs, J. darbutt
acted as Bupportora''
thomas .McAllister anderson
, (Decanted) r
Any ono poaaoBBlng knowlodgo ot the
nntocodonta of Thomas McAUIator An-
odrson, who was killed at Lnurlo, near
novolatolco, Aug. 20tli,, 1011, by fall
of rock, nnd believed to havo worked
In Pernio for oyer a year, Ir hereby
requostod tp notify TI10S, UPHILL,
P. O, 301, Fornlo B, 0 ,
Othor jmpoi'B plonao copy, ,
leave all that in bad.
Somo will toll you that tbla la not
poaalblo, thnt you must tako tho blltera
If you woutd cat the awects. Mo!
you can have all that ia good, all that
U of I'cul lautliiK vuluiH-piovlUwl you
work and work conatantlyl
Do not lake the bad fruit; do not
be content With what the soil of Society at preaent offers you, but endeavor, by irrafllng your own good fruit,
to obtain tbo awectcat and U*t that
It la poulble to get,
Mr. J. W. (Julnnoy* of tho staff ot
tho TiiloH Wood Company,,who with
Ills wlfo and daughter loft for n throb
months' vacation, returned homo, last
yet. olvinllv i>;lnd(1to }vt\ bnok In VemlW,
Mr. Qulnnoy doaorlboa ' conditions
which ho wltnoBgod no simply dop^
ablo hoyond conception and must be
seen to bo credited In a country claim-
\dk to bi> tn n rno«t ndvnnnprt Rtniro nf
civilization In tbo world, Tho railroad
strike was In full force and vigor during tho tlmo ho was thoro, nnd so
thoroughly was traffic on the railroads
disturbed that for two days thoro wero
no truing botween' England and Scot*
lund, in Manchester, where thoro
wore thousand* on the verge of starvation, vehicles containing food stuffs
wore commandeered and Immediately
grabbed up and eaten by the hungry
Speaking of staples of life, ho says
there Is not much difference between
tbe prkea mat obtain here and those
charged In the old country, with tho
., y -, , ,• Castor, Altai,'SjBtb Aug.', 1911
To-Mr. A J" Carter,y7 "J-J1; "- v
' Dear''Sir and Brother,~-By the beading" pf this letter" you* will boo'that-1
am,, at\ Castor,' arid; j'o moro miners
from Coleman, all working at the same
mine.. ., Now," SIr,'-by '• the lottors we
are receiving, froni Coleman It Bcoma
that we „ aro'.reported, around that
camp that;.'wo'are'scabbing, so the
boys,lmve",rpj[uested:meuto write1 you
for Information in tli'at direction, "as
wo do not Intend" to' do anything I that
Is'going to, be detrimental to. our organization," ,I„may state It Is'a domestic coal, ohlefly sold to tho farmers
and a small portion elilppod tn\ Calgary, It'ls'a' now,mlno ln Ub development'stage, at presents also three
other men- mining, besides tho Colo-
man boys".,
' Vj'x '■{
- '' V> -' ■
r'-i, i
%. .
F7 ''3^)1
"■**       <. ' J       ^   i   JJ"\   "* ' '* ,       ^m9
"*■-.'-",£/--■" .;<'.-   v- .<■! -'-- k  .
SAYS MEN .suF^eR-fyy"'. '    *•
•, ,.    7      ' SEVERELY 0_N^C.,k> R.
Correspondent'Declares Conditions Imposed,on Workers on Railway Con-
"' atructlon .are- a Disgrace—Declares
Contractors are Careless of Human
LIfe.v' •_    ,    •,, . I ^ '„.  i,i.
Tlio following letter ls written*'by
the secretary, of the"-' Industrial
Workers of 'tho World and contains
allegations which] If. based upon'correct Information^,discloses' a state of
affairs'which calls,for-'.lmmodldto, ap-
tion uponvtho part of,the authorities:
' Editor World,~The" conditions -. .Imposed on the'1 workers onitho construe*
tion of the Canadian Northern.-,railway is even worse than* f .first'" wrote
of.",, pbflplto tbo, big talk of'the various cohtractors about there ' Doing
"plenty of. work" and '"thousands"' of
men noode'd,'^ there are too many .son
hero already. • Many of the'boys have
Now,'If we are' doing|b"0on BleepingM tbo forests, Bbeltor-
anything wrong I hopo you will lot me i0EP nn Wmnor.    Slnco It' began to
know aB early as possible, as we aro
all ready-to'quit work If you-should
think It ne'oesBnry.,
Hoping to hoar from you soon,
' Yours fraternally,   ''
Mr. J, J Johnstone, Castor, Alta,
Dear, Sir,and Brother—I bog to acknowledge yours of tlio 30th ult„ and
In reply doslro to say that I will placo
this matter before tho Executive Board
at a meeting whloh,will bo held vory
shortly, nnd will thon' let you know
what action,,thoy may take.
With boat wishes nnd kind personal
regards, '
Yours fraternally,   '
Calgary, Sopt, 13th, 1011
Mr, J. J. Johnstone, Castor, Altn—
Dear Sir and Brothor,—I bog to ad-
viso you that your communication dated 30th, tilt., was plnced boforo tho
District Executive Board on MrtrlSth
nt a mooting hold in Calgary, nnd I
waB Instructed to notify you of tho action wr-.lc!\ 7T.2 taken. I &y, C3clc3lhc
vou copv of ronnluMrm mv'thfl'matter
whloh Is self explanatory, nnd which
should also dispel any Ideas in your
mind ns to whothor you aro noabblng
hy working at Castor.' ' -
Ynnrn frnt^mnlly,
District U„V, M. W. of A.-Copy of
resolution passed at a Dlstrlot Executive Board meeting hold on 13th
September, 1011',-—
. Moved and seconded
"That the Secretary be Instructed
to write to Uro'J. J, Johnstono allnd
Inform him that under tho circumstances iho Executive Board do not
think that the men who are working
■' at Castor aro doing anything agalnat
tho Intereata of tho members of this
District regarding the present situation."  Carried.
rnln these men are' suffering miny
iordshlpfc'7 Tho.controctorB seom fo
cnio little what happonB to tho moi'.
who Bra lured here under promlso'of
work whibh has,not materialized,
On' the work near Lytton tho men
wero offered $2.rjp a day In town and
tlien paid, 12,25 on tho Job. Can any
one expoct men to acoopt such a deal?
The board Is (0.00 a week, Usually
salmon "throe times a day or bacon
when" salmon Ib not handy, ', The boys
are ornmped togothor In foul bunk
houses where no nttontlon Is given tho
law whloh provides for enough nlr
epaco to ensure clennllnosB, not to
mention' health,
' Somo- contractors hnvo taken nd-
vnntngo of the mon being broke nnd
mablo to go to law, to' colloct tho
promised wages and paid them any old
>hlng. 1 met a man at Yale wno <|ult
work nt Camp No. 1' becauso of a
sprained arm. Ho needed medical at
tontlon. But though tho usunl $1 was
collected for hospital foe, he hnd to
shift for himself; This man worked
ono-and, one-halt days ending August.
He ".'fla evercr-.nrrjM ftr-.fl wndefy?M,
thnt only slrty-flve' rvmt« wns' dun
him according "to tho contractor's
books,, Ila found that,ho could not
collect oven this sixty-five cents, but
hnd to tako It out In tobacco,' Ho loft
tbo crimp with n nprntnril firm rmrt
penniless. This Is a samplo of tho
treatment tho,workers get. IBvon a
horse or dog h treated bettor among
a savage pooplo, - Already fourtoen
men hnvo been drowned in tho fast
flowing'rivers through 'tho contractors' disregard or human life In
stringing cables across. ■ A cheap
harpoon gun would shoot tho cable
across, but,human life seems to bo
dirt (heap..
At Lytton, where the I. W. W has
established a headquarters for tho
construction branch of tho union, ono
oi tbe contractors tied up the only
hall In (own with an option bo we
'get.no meeting,,place- We have, „ }'f<
meetings' in"4the 'open*air"'or',- in ,u ^,''
la* friendly.lodget houBe;-,Already^>we'"''\-\
have 6Ver,7 900^'men)iDrgan!zed ■• andj.H-.~.7;,'t.'
niore'ebmin'g lri as'faBt as they .can. bes "\./
reached, "Themeriare contending for /,';'■
something'like a living chance on the"', frf
job <.'Wliat"fewNiiew* arrivals 'comei In, 7,)>7
are pulled off aafaBt as they came' -.,l'1,' ,-:';
- To cap,the^Umax'some contractors'" fji
have,appeale,,wortroops to"force-the ";.*\\
men'to work figalnst their will under..7
the low conditions     The- answer, of;/
tho'government,'',I'hear,ywda7/'that If '■
tho :contraotoVB, pay/ the   recognized,';
government rate'of $3 per day,,,theyr7
wlll:'get all - the' necessary < protection"; „
But thb, contractors only wish/to'pay ;,
$2.25?arid- less If,possible.'• i ABi,,l,t'„-
stands''''this' section   Is'( oyerfloodod '
will! men who. cannot gqt work and,1
are rapidly'leaving - 'There' >Ib'< llttlo'1
sign of1 work" opening up and any > yl
man stands" a'charico7to 'starve"wait-'' '•'„
Ing    Hoping'you wlirgive-this tho'7<-,
wldoBt'posolblo publicity and thereby y,.'
help tho workors'' spread ,, tho   facts;', -^
as'you "have'dono in/ tlio past^yoriirrf'i.'
roBpe'ctfully,'  y ,, •'.' --   '7'-/,;    7'.-'
../y,      ':     jsbisoay •,'..
\„ r<   . w   .!    ',..,'.. Organizer .,"
iytton, B O, Sopt 4, 1011 '    ■   ", ',:, ■•
—Vancouver World.'""
■ -V
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
, First olaaa Hones for Sale.
Buys Horses on Oommlslon
George Barton    Phone 78
Hera it is, Waiting for (J
PFPnttSlWTATIVI!! rcrAcd at esse
for work In your locality Will puar-
nntoo $2,00 to $8,00 por day; Oppor-'
tunlty to advance rapidly, Will pay
liberally for aparo Into,, Work no dlf*
floult, Hxporiondo not required; In-
tornntlnnnt T»IWa x>rr««l Tfrpntp, f>it.
longtliM, $2,50 por team load at Kan
nody and, Mangnns; or cal! 'phono 23,
Vtf TlHNT--Two rooms suitable for
mnri and wife. Apply, Joo, Lcinard
Alien,/, .<     ' y    3-ld
TO BDNTr-Two roomed- plastered
House \AppIy, Robt. Wright, Wosi
Fernie. >, ..8—Jtp
riage In first cIssb condltlonj comploto
with mnners, Apply Mm. V, A. IUohoa;
corner of Dnlton, Jaffray 8—tf
•I   r.


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