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The District Ledger Sep 7, 1912

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*y---S'ii»'ctoi>fia Organ of District No, l$i U. M. W. of A.
Vol^VI.,'No. 3;
THE biSTBlOT; LEDGER, FERNIE,3;:p., SEPTEMBER?,1912.
11.00 A YEAR.
s ;^rianting   at Lawrence
Concoctedby Thr^e Mill
Owners
' BOSTON, Sept. 2.—Following a con-.
' ference with DlBtrlct Attorney Joseph
, C.' Polletier/ police officials who are'
^.investigating,the sulclde'of ErneBt W.
Pitman,.,late head'of;the E.^W.'Pit-'
--man Company; one of the largest mill
construction companies •'• of' New ;.En"g-
' land, admitted today that/Pitman had
made a complete confession ofthe details of the^conspiracy of >Tew England
mill owners to discredit the1 strikers
In the, recent successful; texille strike*
at Lawrence,- by "planting? dynamite.
. - The" police.. admit that they are 7 now
verifying tlie confession "of,Pitman.,'
./.According tb them the mill man*killed himself after* the District. Attorney:
', had-.refused'to heed..his prayer to call
off the.probe., y,       '      .'•■-..■
Three big,mill men, Pitman is'said
. to have,confessed to the, prosecutor,
met In;Boston, and decided;'that the
. "planting"   of .7 dynamite, would turn
the public against the strikers. Joseph
J.' Breen, School Commissioner of Law-
- rence, and a'7shining light- in Suffolk
'•' County capitalist,politics," was decided
on. to • make • the "plant."   * Breen' was
1  fined $500 after* being nabbed for the
•.."dirty'job... ^Pi.man,__imi_elf bought the
7 explosive'from the Saugus firm from
7'which,' he had J previously, "purchased
,   dynamite," to use in-excavation,.^york.*
"; He .brought;it tb ;Boston' and' turned" U*
7' over". to'' Breen. ■ who took" it" to . Law-
'■_" fence;';  *-•   '*-■  '      "."     v', '"yy
'   .'Tho'specidlg'raud'jury whlcli" is; In-
^vestigating-th^conspiracyp-adjoiirneu'
'• 'at.-3.30 o'clock this afternooii until 10
' o'clock-to-morrow- forenoon-so thatMt
• may be able to hear,the testimony bfi
anothor witness.', 7., 7   '■;' <-7'   y
■__ ,      Three Indictments Expected.,,,
c*Thia_7rambr about7' the _..courthouse
-'today..were that Indictment would.be
'" found probably; against three   Boston
mon, two of whom; are. mill owners,
and ono a dealer, in mill supplies.'  It
.   ls expected the. report 'of- 'llio- Grand
, Jury will be' mado to-morrow.   '
Dennis J. Collins", a'Cambridge dog
.. fancier, was brought to 'P the' t court-
t, house today' by   Inspector" Thomas.
__.yno8.ind was- closeted for lialf, an
,   hour with tho District Attorney/ It is
'• believed  that* Collins had .some Information   relative   ,to   the   actual
, "planting"'of the dynnmlto where,It
• 'wns found In Lawrence.. Collins, was
.' riot a witness boforo tho^ Grand Jury
and it was said he would not be.
The real reason for Pitman's suicide
and the inside facts that led to the
Grand Jury investigation which has
caused. consternation. In' the .• textile
mill circles'of.New England-became
known today, ■ - >'■■'> »-' "
'l Pitman- met District Attorney Pelle-
tier recently, in Young's Hotel. The
Vxo men had .a chat, In the course of
whiclT'the matter of the' dynamite
found In Lawrence, came up for dls-
ctisBon. '  -'   7      M,
,..,''      ri        .       - 'i " .
-,;Not .clearly.realizing what he was
doing, apparently, ne told the District
Attorney the -whole story of the plot,
the procuring of the.explosivfe arid the
"planting',' of it where it-was found.. .
WINTER 8TRIKE.
Railway ' Contractors" Say -J I.; W.^ W,
-^ Will  Quit Work Just1 Before/
Christmas in'■___.<.;'"'"'.    . '
SAY THE MILL OWNERS ^ ' .    -i-
..PLANTED-DYNAMITE    ,
■• .- '   DURJNG THE  STRIKE
Millionaire   Summoned, to   Give,
.   dence on Charge ■ Commits
Suicide 7  ,
Evi-
VANCOUVER - Sept.' S.-^ritrac-
tors who have been carefully investigating the situation'are looking .for
another big strike of the Industrial
,Workers of the World to occur just before Christmas.' The Great-Northern,
Canadian Northern Railway, Grand
Trunk Pacific and Canadian Paclfc
Railway all have large ^numbers of
workmen engaged in construction in
various parts of British Columbia and
the plan is to let loose 7000 or S000 of
these during the cold months.
President Chamberlain of the Grand
Trunk Pacific was in Vancouver .today .complaining bitterly.<_of the lack
of .labor in this province. He said
that his company could use 2000 more
men at once and added that if. they
could not get more,there would be a
long delay • In the completion of his
line.     .     •      y- '■'•■.."'
INSURANCE   ACT  SUMMONS
Prominent Liberal In South London Is
Fined $100 for Refusing .to Obey
" "  '    J    New'Injunctions   '
HEAVY FLOOD
WANT MINING LAW AMENDED
Council   of   Workmen's   Association
.Will Discuss Important Questions
,s BOSTON, "Sept,'7$.yAn alleged eon-'
spiracy on the 'part of a.number,of
Boston-men'.who are officers" of _>the
mills:.'in Lawrence', to/secrete dyna-r
mite "during the general stride "in the
later city'last winter, is the subject of
an investigation begun,by trie Suffolk
County Grand Jury Tuesday. District'
Attorney Pelletier'tiad" a' number, of
mill officials appear before tbat body.'
' The 7 district attorney directed his
assistant's,' to go to- Lawrence some
t!meis-ngo^andTiseertain'f*if—dynamite"
found there during" tlie.strike was "purchased in .Boston.; At the time of
prosecution in .Lawrence,0 Jno. Breen,"
a .politician, of that city,-wasn.convicted of storing/the explosive and,fined
$500.    *■•••- ;•'{-•"'.t '.'     iw.    '. .  ., .._•*•"■-     * -~
T 1- ' ' , ,      .    .- • *  ,
..Among those summoned to give evidence . before. the grand^ jurjn. was
Ernest P., Plt'tman,; of Andover, a
prominent- millionaire contractor, who
shot and killed himself Tuesday morning, '• The sulclde'of Plttman was ascribed to worry.over finance'.' 7
When tho dynnmlto was found secreted ."In- several' places' in Lawrence
the leadens of the. Industrial Workers of the.World, who wero conduct-
irig'tho'strike, declared that they were
not responsible. ' They charged that
tho'dynnmlto waB "placed" for the purpose of .leading tho public to believe
that the unions woro plotting to blow
up the mills.
' LONDON,'Sept. 2.—The first prose:
cution- under ■ the • Insurance "Act. took
place at'the Lambeth ' Police Court
yesterday, when Mr. Wm'. Hurlock,- 70
years of age,' a' prominent Liberal who
has' been in business as' a draper in
Walwprth -Road, South London, for
more than-- 50 years and who employ's
about'a hundred persons, was arraigned, y  ,,...    ■        '  -■
' ' fie had openly announced his intention-to disobey the Act^and,was fined
?25 on each-of three summons! for re^'
fusing, to "lick stamps" nnd $25 cost
on the first summons. Permission
was given .to state a case foriappeal.
A number of other "cases are awaiting
trial.- ,■."■-■-  '■-<-■.     '    "' •"", .   .
Predicts Repetition
of Frank Slide
Mind Reader Who Claims to
Have Foreseen Tltantic
Disaster
COLI9MAN, Sopt. 2.—Madame Hoy-
nolds, a mind reader who appeared
nt Dronmland thoatro Inst week, has
predicted anothor mountain slldo at
Frank nnd some of tho timid ones in
thnt town nro mnklng preparations to
stand from un<!or,v Madamo Itoynolila
olalniH to hnvo predicted tho Tl.a.r.c
dlsastor,      "
The plant at Port Arthur with the
exception of a' strlko of less than a
week ago, has boon operating at full
capacity all soasbn. This will contlnuo until the end of navigation,
Tho docks which nro now filled up
will hold about 300,000 tons. Tho
handling plants movo on tho avorago
about 700 tons a day, nnd will do this
up to Docembor K or 0, or perhaps n
week or so lator, Thorcforo tho coal
to bo unloaded hero boforo tho season
cIobob nddod to tlmt In stock nnd that
which mny bo hold' In s torn go by
boats which will como to winter here
cnn now bo ostlmntod at approximately ono million tons.
PainLCreeLStrike^
7 up Before Congress
WASHINGTON, Sept.' 2.—Ohairmari
Wilson' (Meiri., 'Penna.)/ of the' House_
Labor Committee, stated, .today that
he" hopes to have a Congressional investigation" of the coal'strike at.Faint
Creak, W. Va., authorized before Congress adjourns..
"My resolution' authorizing the, inquiry ' was referred to he Rules Committee, and I hope to have 'it. reported
to the House this week)" said Representative Wilson. ."The conditions of
the strlko aro terrible. Something
should he done immediately for the
strikers, ' If :a House. Committee Is
appointed under ,my resolution, the
members may go to Wost Virginia im-
modintqly after Congress adjourns."  ,
Towns Swept Away—Fatalities
Forty Lives—Millions; in
Property Loss
' PITTSBURG, Sept? 3.—The task of
clearing away the wreckage "caused by
the storm Sunday night and early yesterday progressed fairly,well'today at
hundreds'of points throughout Western
and Northern Pennsylvania; West Virginia," arid portions" of: Ohio. The list
of fatalities reached,40 today. Others
met death, but will not be known definitely before "more' headway is n. ade
with great piles of debris'deposited by
the raging water over wide ■ stretches
of territory;       *    y'   ! f?-' y' •
The loss is conservatively placed at
$2,000,000. The principal, sufferers are
farmers and railroads, although mami:
facturirig plants sustained heavy damage to machinery and riiany' houses
were wrecked. ' Communication- was
re-established with , Saiineville, Ohio,
late to'd_._\    ,""•''    y
The town was almost wiped out' by
the flood, causing an estimated loss of
over $200,000.. .Score's of persons were
compelled to. flee''.from'.-their hoiries,
but no deaths occurrecl. vl A number of-
houses,. were;washed . away, ,electric
light plant put' but of commission, and
the "waterworks ruined.... The natural
gas system 'was flooded, depriving the"
town of fuel until a0"supply of coal
could be brought1- in from, nearby
mines. :>The Cleveland and Pittsburg
division*"of the^ Pennsylvania lines he-
twoeh* Salirieyille and' New , Salisbury
suffered heavily. '.    y - .        . '   .'
HALIFAX,-Sept. 3. — The annual
meeting of the .Grand Council of the
.Provincial Workmen's Association,
opened this morning. • " ■•>
Among the matters to be considered
are: Weekly pay day or the mine to
stop, at 12 o'clock, on Saturdays; collecting poll tax from boys not of legal
age tb be discontinued; the local government to be asked to amend the
mining luw, ."that damages be collected from coal companies when accidents occu ron travelling roads, damages to bo graded according to injury."
Federal government to be asked to
Institute an Inquiry into the high cost
of living.      '• '
Colliery, weigh scales to be inspected each month.  '»
- Boys to be" kept out, of, the mines
until 18 years of age.
Man Killed
"  ■»    _n
at Coal Creek
Ralph Gash Run Over by Trip
Car-Died in Hospital
This Morning
Charge Union Men
7 With Conspiracy
American' Federation of Labor "Unfair
/ "List" is Introduced Into Case. '*
'V."-"-'  at Hartford
EXPERTS TO EXAMINE
ALASKA COAL AREAS
HEAVY*LOSS-OF-LIFE-!N»T-YPHOON
-. A3IOY," Sept.' 2.—A violent typhoon
swept through Fuchow the; other day
and caused great loss of-life and damage to property. ■ Steamers .from the
N9rth,rep6,j_t thg, sea_oi,fcthe.riiouth.of
Min • river- strewn with hundreds ot
bodies. 7 -  7'    '
,    TRAIN  WRECK, IN  ONTARIO
NORTH BAY, Sept 1. — Five'dead
and.ten severely injured was the toll
taken-by an accident'on the Canadian.
Pacific Railway near Mattawa on "Saturday morning, when a work train engaged In ballasting the track, whllo
running.caboose first collided with a
fast .through freight train.
REPORT'FAVORS
THE WORKMEN
WILL TRY TO PREVENT <•
STRIKE IN COLLIERIES.
FIVE HUNDRED ARE
EXECUTED IN MONTH
CANTON,' China. Sopt. 8.—Moro
than five hundrod executions hnvo occurred In' tlia past rrionth, Including
anothor bis batch today, Pollco, mill'
tary commanders, naval authorities
and courts oil claim and exorcise tho
right to Impose nnd oxocuto capital
sontoncos, Death is tho penalty for
gambling, false representation, piracy,
theft, oxlorllon, soiling arms without
llconso, Joining antl-govornmont organ-
Uutioutt, troauon, murder mul harbor*
ing criminals. .,
COAL STORED POR WEST
Port
Tons
Objects to
Shorter Hours
Cobalt Mine Managers Enter
Protest Against the Whitney
Proposal-Win, Davidson on
the Scene.
A member of the International
Hoard of Mine Workors of-Indiana-
polls has heen sont over to Vancouvor
Islnnd to meet tho oxocutivo of the
Local Association with a view to bringing about n settlement of the grievance.) that- aro now existing botweon
miners und mine-owners, nnd .thus
avoid a general strike.
Arthur to Msndle Million
Por Prulrlei ■
POUT A.ITIIUR, Bopt. 2.-1. thoro
la any shortage In tho Wost this coming Mason It will not bo tho tomtit
of any slackening of efforts dn tho
part of official* ln charts of tho O. N.
Coal and Oro Dock Co. at Tort Arthur, though it may to a cortnln extent
hti charged to tholr failure to keep
paco In adding to the capacity of tholr
plants tn conformity with tho onor-
moui Incroato In tbo population anil
coni«4t>«nt demand of tho West.
It   ■   ■-     ■
_W*.W».AW, *.<v4'», V. * .tf. l.Vt_>«*,»
Mnnnirorw' /\...,fiMf..lor_. pTfr.ontlflf
tholr opposition to Ontario's proposed
8 hour dny for minors before tho mining commission, It ls clalmod that
llko legislation had had ti disastrous
mining districts of tho Unltod Stntess
and It,would rtrlvo capital nway, from
Canada. Tlio caso for tho 8 hour day
was sot forth hy tho members and officials of tho Woatom Fodoratlon of
Minors. Wm. Davidson sold that In
Hrltish Columbia nftor nn eight hour
day had been paused tho mining Industry had otpanded and llK-rc was
more capital tn tho country than ovor.
Mr. Prlco will hold further *!ttln«»
at Sudbury and Mlchlplcoton and will
probably" go to llritlsh Columbia to
tutu tho fl bour day net In operation,
ANTHRACITE STRIKE
AFFECT8 4,000 MEN
HAZRLTON, Pa., Sept. fl.—All the
collorlos of O,' 13. Mnrkle and Co,, tho
largoat'Individual conl operators In tho
nnthrnclto flold, woro tlod up today by
a strlko of tho hoisting onginoorB, who
quit because of a disagreement ovor
wngOB. i
About '1,000 mon nro Idle as a roault.
In compllnnco with a now Stato law,
tho engineers woro put on nn olght-
hour day baala laBt Rprlng, Tlmy say
tholr wages hnvo been reduced through
this clmngo, nnd offorts ta reach nn understanding with thc company fnlled,
MINIMUM WAGE DOARD8
ARE VERY BUSY
LONDON, Sopt. 3.—Tho minors of
Norlluimliorlaiul havo been granted an
Inercnso of two and n half por cent In
wagon by tho minimum wago board of
The nj.prpnllrcs n'W'),l«« hi Iht- i3i}^-
building yardH at Tyncsldo havo gono
on strike for nn Incronse In wages.
Thoy complain that under tbo National
Insurance Act tholr wookly wago   Is
...    . .    ...un    H_.v,.*..^ij,   yj,    i.,\,  ^_,,iuift..1ih„tl
tax lnld upon them.
.TORONTO. Ont,', Sopt. 3.—Sir William Meredith's Interim report as commissioner to report on legislation providing compensation for workmen for
Injuries Jn part says: ■ "Sufficient pro-
gross has been made to warrant tho
fltalomont that the law of Ontnrlo Ib
ontiroly Inadequate to moot tho conditions undor whlcli Industries nro now
onrrlod on or to provide Just compon ,n-
tlon for thoso employed In thorn who
meet with Injuries or..suffer from occupational diseases contracted In tho
courso of tholr employment." Thoro
la practical unanimity of..his point
nnd thoso who speak for tho employers concede tho JiiHtleo of tho claim
mado on behalf of tho omployoon thnt
tlio Industries would bear tho burden
of mnklng compensation."
HARTFORD, Conn., Sept. 3.—President Samuel Gompers of the American
Federation, of Labor arrived todny to
testify- in the suit against members
of the United Hatters pfNorth America,'brought by D,_E. Loew and,others
for damages of $80,000because of^an
alleged conspiracy, by labor, unions to'
injure .the business or the" plaintiffs.
Thus far all the witnesses in the cases
have been summoned by the plaintiff.
. Frank Morrison," secretary of the
American Federation of' Labor was on
the stand tho greater part of the .afternoon. 'He identified a number of
volumes of the American Federation-
is.. - He said that;while the latter
publication-was^officlrflljPrecognTiiecf
by the federation many of the articles'
of a' new nature were' not necessarily
official. He stated; however, that he
regarded as official the printed'lists of
'.unfair','shops.,7 :-7." - 7;,' ',
Mr. Morrison, sa}d. that at,.tbe. convention' of the American Federation of
Labor in 1901 a resolution was offered
that members should not patronize
hat makers that did not use tho union
label lie did not consider this ..s a
boycott for' thc reason that the resolution was. not adopted by tlie federation but was referred to tho oxocutivo
commltteo. ' The action of that body
waB not'stated today.
*Mr.. Morrison will go on the stand
again tomorrow morning and It y/as
expected tonight thnt lio will bo followed by' President Gompers, Attorneys vtonlght agreed to lot Mr. Gom-
pors.nnd Mr. Morrison go on tho stand
tomorrow as witnesses for Uio defendants although they hnvo boon sub-
pconaod by Llio plain! If fs. This Is to
allow thorn' to return to Washington
at onco Instead of waiting !o bo called
In rebuttal.    '-
SEATTLE, Sept. 3.—With, sufficient
equipment to make a dash for the pole
or explore hidden Tibet, a party of
thirty-eight experts,' engineers, superintendents and miners will invade Alaska next month' for tlio unromantic
purpose of mining coal back of Katal-
la." The expedition-Is. sent'by the
bureau of mines, and its movements
are shrouded in governmental red tape
mystery. For the last few weeks advance guards of'the expedition have
been collecting an $18,000 .outfit in
Seattle. The party will leave for the
north on Sunday.' ■•"
- The .real purpose of .the expedition, which- is headed by no'less a
person than Dr. J. A. Holmes, director of the bureau of mines is to
mine it and how it can most easily be
learn whether the coal of Alaska can
be mined, how much It will cost to
mine it and how it.can mots easily be
handled.    . <      " .
A very sad accident occurred last „
(Thursday)night" about 8 o'clock on n
the coal tipple of the C.N. P. Coal
Co. at Coal Creek.     Ralph Gash, a '
young English1 lad of 17 years, who
was recently promoted to the position
of electric motor conductor at No. 1 7
South Mine, while following the ordinary course of his duties was run over
by the trip cars, receiving a number of
injuries.     A special  train  conveyed
the unfortunate lad to town, and although he was given all posslblo medical 'ministrations,  remained  unconscious until death supervened about 8
a.m. this _ (Friday)  morning.
So far as we have been able to learn"
tho deceased was aboutf,to uncouple
tho cars, and losing Ms balance fell-
beneath them, with the sad ending as
above stated. .  Great sympathy is felt
for the grief stricken parents, as the ■
lad was ono that evinced a cheerful
readiness at all times to lend a help-'
ing .hand, aud all of his fellow workers
speak highly of his kindly disposition.
STRIKE OF N..Y.
SPREADS-
TEAMSTERS
.INVOLVES  20,000
STRIKERS THREATEN l   - •'<
"=-TO START7A STRIKE; -   -     ■
PECULIAR   PROBLEM.-/-
NEW YORK, Sept: 2.—Tlie strike
of sand and excavation drivers, which
started on the'new Lexington Avenue
.^uhwj_iy.._WedriGsday,»sp!iead™rtQ-Qther.
Jobs the other, day and now. the'en tire
'delivery of sand and work of excavation <_was at a standstill.. It was reported at tho union headquarters late
yesterday that about 1,500 were out on
strike and that-tho walkout had-extended--to the'Uourth Avenue Subway.'
• As a result'of the walkout about 500
bricklayers, who were at work building the cellars,' were thrown out of
work,-and a number of helpers will
also havo to quit. The strike tied up
work on a numbor of buildings and It
is expected that, within n couple., of
days other buildings will bo crippled.
Tho demands of the strikers aro for
a nine-hour day, an increase ln wages
and recognition of their union,
The strike Is conducted by Locnl 506
ot the Tcamstors and tho strike loaders any that unloss an early settlement
Is roachod they will also call nsphalt
and coal1 drivers out In sympathy.
It ls stntotl tlint ,20,000 men mny bo
nffocted.
DARROW TRIAL IS SET
■.  FOR^OGTOBER 21
LOS ANGELES, Aug. 27.—Tho trlnl
of Claronco Darrow, on a charge of
bribing Robort F. Bain, a MeNamara
Juror, wnH sot todny by.Judgo Willis,
presiding judgo of tho Los AngoIoH
county BiiiK-rlor court, for October 21.
Judgo Willis announced that within
the next fow dnys ho will nnmo tho
Judpe who will Bit on tlio, cnuo'.
LONDON, Sept. _ 3.—Tho ' curious";
position of strikers going on strike' is ;'
now thought probable here.  ■ .
Numbers of railway men°who were'
dismissed for participating in   recent -
railway  strikes, have 'now" been "dn-
gageriJiy—U<o-Ama!gani.ated-Soei<_t5'-of-~f
Railway Servants,   in   order to assist   ■
on the clerical staff-.dealing with the
great amount of, extra work which has
been occasioned by the introduction ot
the National Insurance Act.        '     , ■
These men tire being paid $7..j6 per ■
week for-tholr servkeB, aud they cc>!>
ttnd that the minimum wnge'iy.;:-'v
nir.ed Vy tho National Clerks Union la
$•*<!>•       _"   ' '
Tho clerks therefore ,,threaten to
.:_riko unloss granted a' raise to' tho
minimum clerks wage. • . .
G. T.
P. TO U8E OIL
IN MOUNTAIN SECTION
VICTORIA, D. C, Sopt. 3.—President
10, J. Chamborlnln, of tho G, T. P., announces thnt his company has definitely doctded to uso oil ns locomotive
fuel ou, tho mountain suction Tho
ompnny In In possession of largo nreas
of oil lands which will glvo It a porpe-
4unl supply. Kvontunlly It Is hoped to
uso oil on tho National Transcontinental section of the road,
MOTHER AND SIX
CHILDREN PERI8H
RUTHERFORD. N.J., 8*pt. 8,—Mm.
ISmillo Debaro and six of hor. aevon
children, ranging from flv_> monlhH tn
twolvo years of ag*; met death enrly
today In a flro which dostroyod thoir
homo. Debaro, the hutband nnd fath-
or of tho faventh child, % boy of 13,
oMapod by Jumping from a' iMxwnd-
atoroy window.
The Unexpected
Sometimes Happens
Company's Representatives' Is
Minority Report
VANCOUVER, Aug. 28,—OwItiK to
tho arbitrators In tho Drltannia Mlnos
lnbor dispute bolng unnblo to dgron
upon a unanimous report, It bus boon
rlrteldod (lint, a majority and minority
roport will bo rondoroij lo Hon.,T, W.
uotiiciM, .siiniHK.1 oi .... nor, i no run-
.4.)..' .'q.M/.i n.3] lu .'..'fcj.tN. hy Mr. ./.
A, Ilnrvpy, K.C., chairman of tho conciliation board, nnd Mr. Oeorgo Itaith-
orton, tho mon's representative, and
will favor tin demands of tho nmi
7..U.    -..".Uii.,!   >V)>v<t,  '.iilkV.il     '(.!>»     llll
submitted by Mr. W. R, Rums, ropro-
Mintlng tho Ilrltannla Mlno* Company,
will he adverse to tho men's demands,
It Is understood thnt ngroomont Imb
beon reached on nil point* In dlaputo
pvr^pt the oration of nllowlrur tho
union fwcrolnry lo visit tbo men In
l.ir»lr bunk hoiiw.1 nt tlio mint* property for Uio purpose of colltictln/r dues
nnd holding meetings, Under tho majority roport (hla point (a understood
to bo conceded to tb* men. Tbo roport* will probably bo ready-for submission next week. '<
A LABOR PROOE
Allegations are mado that Contractors
Are Not Observing Pair
Wane Clauie,
Nl'lW WI3STMJN.f1TI.il, Aug. 28.—
Tlio Trndoa nnd Lnbor Council will
hoiiiI n representative to tho mooting
enllod for Prldny nftornoon of thn Joint
hospltnl nnd city council comltloo, to
consider tho question of whether tho
contrnctor for tlio now liospltni la observing lho conditions of Ills rontrnet
ns fur uh tlio lnbor Is concerned.
IL was stilled at this evening's meeting of tho Trndoa and Utbar Council
thnt on tho hoapltnl, horso show nnd
iii lid hdioui l.uiludiKH, (lie couuuctorH
were not observing strictly tho fair
wage clause,
A Jienlcd discussion iii'oko ov..r lho
action of n coiunilttco of drawing a
tn<it]iH. lor um (.xponseH nl i.k. rtolegiito
to tho Natlonnl Convontlon nt fluclph
without first going to tho council.
LABORERS  BOARD
.     WITH CONTRACTORS,
IS CHARGE MADE'
SOUTH VANCOUVER, Sept. 3.—
AL Cedar Cottnge last evening tho
ratepayers held a mooting at which
lho principal subject discussed was
that contractors In this municipality
require their laborers to board with
thorn nt seven dollars a wook and also
Hint they have tickets from a lahor
ngoncy In the city. .Ox-councillor
Dickinson wns appointed to wait on
tlie council nt „itH next meeting to
ontor a protest ngnliiRt this stnte of
things, , '
REACHED AGE OF DISCRETION
VIENNA, Sopt, I).—A Sofia dispatch
roportH tho death nt. Tlrnovn, Hulgnria,
of a peasant womnn named Mnrlo Pa-
Iiinloff, at tlio ago of 188 years, Sho
hiu» boon a widow for 70 years, and nil
hen fourteen children died long ago,
Sho left nenrly 100 living doHCondnntH.
rrr
EXPLOSION OF FIRE-DAMP
KILLS MANY MINERS
Terrible Tragedy in French Colliery-
Entombs Over Seventy Men- Collapsing Walls and Dense Vapor Seriously Impede Work of Rescue.
MINS, franco, Sept.
BfiVOTI    cnnl    rtlttim-e    'irn
hnvo .wi. V.llln. h
3. — Thirty
fn    ItMlt-H'r t]       fn
nn   rvplfi'-ldll   nf
WINNIPEO 18 NOW A
HUNDRED V6AR8 OLD
WINNIPEG, Sopt, 2,—August .10,
lf>1?, In the centenary of Winnipeg's
real rmt«l day. Ono hundred ycttix
ngo today tbo Intrepid hand of ad von-
turerora nnd pioneers known na Ixtnl
Bolklrk'fl Orkney colonial* reach-
<Ht the banks af tbo Red Illwr and
fmindfrl a *efH*m<»nt.
I erldiiinp (IiIh afternoon In the Tl.-ir-
ene<> Conl Mine near Ilniya, In the
_li'|)ur_iiu__.t, of Nord.
Tho tixploslon wnn a «uvor« one
mul bndly wroelwd tlie mine. Hovoii-
ty-throomen were working In tho pit
tit tho tlmo. Tho work of rescue wns
vi.nrtcil without delny, hut it proved,
mint difficult ns the piiHHiiKOH of the
mine wero filled wltb a dense black
vnpor nnd the walla wru* continuously
collapsing,
t.'p to iiIk1U-_.11 tl.i tuiicuui't) had
ialum out thrc-o deml bodies, and 'lh
living miners. All thoKe roacbed alive
wero fenrfully burned, Only ton miners who wero working nenr tho mouth
r-f tho abaft t-stapei! uninjured. To-
nirht eraft-.fu of rclatlvej and frlcnila jcollapiw of u woudvu pUilonw.
of tho im'u etitoinbed In tho mlno nr«»
ppnqMlni' ntimit llio r»'i»(i» nf »1m f>«Hlcv,»
hoping fiRiilnst hope tlmt ihov will ho
resciii'd unharmed. Although the res-
ciiruiri Imve not relinaulKhed tholr tnslc
of Honing Into tint mini.', tlii* further
they penntitite it the mom ehoked up
tluV find tln> pni".'!)'"1 ilinwtin' ttrit
I he explosion wna a lui rifle one. Tho
entombed men were working In n remote pnrt of the pit and offlclolx of
tb.i initio bvllev.. tlmt It will be lm-
ponMblo to snv»» nny of them,
1«AT.'_I..—Kntnllty UM now over Oti.
FlV'E MINERS KILLED
OKIjSB.SKIUCIIHKN,- PniHalft. B?pt.
2.—Five coal mliierR woro killed nnd
nnother ilnngeroii«ly Injured by falling
down ono of the nhnfta hero thia morn*
lng.   Thc accident «»« eauHod by the ^y^P$y^?7-y
"■ '        i  *'   '     . * \    ri*.  ~ 7t jl"i y _,*   ,~f       * ~*.   ' -    - ""** < V" '   i ~  '    i \   "".',"*. ' S»'. V*   -"" -' •'    *-   ,r ._,_-        •      4  "»     ~     ■■*   •     -     „ .   /-   -,,
1 .        - -1 - .1 -'*■ ^ f \f-L * *»    .       -. /_»      *'       ' »' 1 - ,    , S        -     <"   i-'-        .       -*     i_ ,'- ■ , KL.Z    .  _ j*       „  *».i • l      1
PAGE TWO
the;.district,;i_edgei..;fernie,b.p.;September7,1912; ::._r„
WASTE   IN  COKE   MAKING
If tbo, 27,703,644 short tons of coke
manufactured in 1911 in.ovens of beehive type'had been'made in. by-product
ovens value of by-products 'thus recovered,' which were wasted in the beehive
. ovens, would ■ have been between $35,-
000,000 and ?'_0,000,000. -This interesting-statement is made by. Edward ,-W:.
Parker, of the U. S. Geologcal Survey,
in an .aclvance chapter on coke from
the volume "Mineral Resources" for
1911. This estimate is based on value
of by-products. resulting from the-7,-
847,845'tons bf coke made ln-by-product ovens in 1911. Value of these
by-products recovered' in 1911.; was
equal to value at mines of coal used
In making the by-product coke. Of
course there is ever the question of
the probable status of the tar und ammonia markets should all ovens recover by-products and quadruple the output thereof.1
Frominformation^received by the
Survey from the superintendent of motive power of the Pennsylvania R. R.
Co., Mr. Parker estimates ; that the
quantity of power which might be obtained from the coking operations In
the Connelisville and Lower.Conneils-
vllle districts by.substituting nonrecov-
ery retort'ovens for beehive ovens ^nd
using the heat which is now wasted
would be more than twice the quantity
of power necessary to move every train
on the Pennsylvania between Pittsburg and Harrisburg. ' The amount of
boiler horsepower -obtainable from
these coking districts is estimated by
■-Mr. Parker at about 400,000 horsepower per Hour for every day in the'year.
that should more profitable returns1 be
obtained from coal'mining and its adjuncts, or for. that matter, in any .other
■ ll     . y    -. - , .. •
enterprise, the wages of,the--.workers
are hot governed by the profits obtain-
ed on the moneys invested but. on the
average, what it costs to produce his
particular, brand of the commodity-
labor power." Supply and demand, operating as factor's of influence regarding the ■ fluctuations above or" below
average value.—Editor.)  ,      "
ANTHRACITE MINERS COMING IN
. -   AND'SWELLING U. M„ W. OF A.
•• .(Tlie foreging statement ls of pecu.
liar interest to those who are more or
less directly affected by the chief'industry along the line   of   the Crow
Great emphasis has been placed ^upon
the question of Joss of profit-or.,.the
small percentage thereof obtained, as
a factor in support, of opposition to an
increased wage scale.  , Laymen travelling between Fernie and Coleman have
remarked .that great'losses must re-
. suit on account of the waste that is so
, evident when the bee hive coke ovens
are-belching forth .their , gases..     In
.corroboration thereof we„now have aa
accepted, authority calling attention to
the matter."" The initial"cost of installation would be very heavy, it is true,
the amount to charge otf by the dis-
-carding~*of—the™_)iffatr;_lo"r~won__"our
'might seriously affect the.declaration
or non-declaration .of a dividend.   Still,
in order to have a valid excuse for the'
small profits derived from coal mining the operating companies can.no
longer, ignore the by-product factor and
endeavor to place the bulk of responsibility-, on the labor, cost.     We are
quite alive' to the fact that coal mining companies will continue to operate
their concerns as best appears lo them,
suitable,- regardless     of     criticisms
whether"scientific or-otherwise,   but
our reason for drawing attention .to
the circumstances is more in tho sense
of a rebuttal to the agreement that the,
principal point of nttack sliould   bo
the wago earner's pittance, our contention, being that moro effective economies can be obtained by thc adoption
of wnste eliminating methods than'by
cheese paring tactics. "  We   realize
Sixty thousand men and boys, every
one of'them paid up to AugUBt'l, are
in district of the^mine workers' union.
Never, before,, not even"' in 1900 and
1902, were so many actually paid-up
men in the district union; no less than
15,000 new members have enrolled
since President John P. White began
to tour the district three weeks ago.
John T. Dempsey, the district president and his colleagues, with the aid
of organizers President White ' sent
iiito the district enlisted about 45,000
into the union up to the time President
White came into the district,- -which
was an extraordinary membership under the circumstances.--- The additional
15,000 is due to the aggressive' campaign that has been waged by the district and the assistance coming from
President White in person.
Wherever President White has spoken there has followed a revival of interest and tbe local unions have more
funds today than they "ever had In the
history of the anthracite union. ~lt
is estimated that there are 70,000 men
in the anthracite .mines in.Lackawanna and Luzerne county. ' With 60,000
in the union there are 10,000 still out.
If the increase continues December
will witness a membership in District
1 "which means practically.that every
mine is a union shop,
In view of the fact that the agreement is for four years and that it applies equally to union and non-union
men, the revival is one of the most extraordinary developments in tlie entire
history of fhe national union.; .The
success of the membership campaign is
directly attributed to the fact that the
agreement contains many features that
mean thousands of dollars more .in the
earnings, for the next four years and
the'regulation of working conditions to
such an extent, that there will be more
equality 'in,the distribution -of work
and*prices .tpThe individual worker.
Position of thejOperators
The anthracite operators in"' some
parts of the'region view-with alarm
the great increase iii the membership
of the union, but as a general proposition, the operators have accepted the
belief that It is better for the United
Mine'Workers of America to have,control of labor In the mines than the
Industrial Workers of the World. The
reason for this Is that the' campaigns
of the latter organization have been
characterized frequently with violence,
bloodshed and destruction of property,
whilo'the United Mine Workers of
America havo respected contracts and
produced men whose Integrity and ability has been ono of the most brilliant
pages of Lho world's moor history.
The roversal'of opinion among tho
big operators was , largely" brought
about by tho realization of the practi
cal superintendents on the ground'that
a- continuation of ^ the "old;' practices
and hostility would only tend to interrupt operations and renew the troubles
that were'-so'-' manifest''before John
Mitchell's > organization' came into' the'
region. ''For this reason the mine superintendents are. under.ordersrnot to
inte'rfere^with the organization of men.
They are not encouraged to help it,
but told to keep their hands off and
'' • . I. "
live up-to the contract, at the, same
time enforcing proper discipline—Fuel.
BIG COMPANY IN  BANKRUPTCY
A,.receiver was appointed,to take
charge of the affairs of the Great'Lakes Coal Company, following the filing
of a bill in equity against the company
by George S. Goodwin, creditor and
stockholder of the company. Tha defendant is n $5,000,000 corporation with
offices In Pittsburgh. "Van Ilorno l.ly
*\as appointed receiver by the'court
niter an answer was filed by George
K. Smith, vice president of the company. The bill .'of complaint _.ta.e3
that the' Great Lakes Coal Company
is a corporation ..organized and incorporated March 31, 1902, and has outstanding a capital stock of $5,000,000.
The corporation.is the owner of 22,0u0
acres or-coal in Armstrong and Butler
counties and has four ' mines . fully
equipped. Goodwin, the plaintiff, states' that he Is a creditor of the company
In the amount of $880, and Is a stockholder owning 220 shares' of capital
stock of the corporation, a . part' of
wbich he.had held since the incorporation. ,- The - Great Lakes Coal Company also owes various creditors on
notes and accounts/ ?527,591.96,s all
dues and payable, and some creditors
are demanding payment of the accounts and threatening to proceed against the corporation. The assets of
the corporation are worth from $4,000,'-
000 to , $5,000,000 it is stated. Because of a difference with their employes Iri*April'the company was compelled-to close down' Its mines, the
bill states, and1 the - equipment and
mines if not in use will fail into rapid
decline. ' The receiver • is authorized
to take over the assets of the - company and conserve, them and to report
to the court an inventory of "the assets.
The court also, issued an Injunction re-
quJring all officers of the company to
turn "oyer tb the receiver the books and
affairs of the .'.corporation, and ye-
straining them from interferlng/with
almost 500,000,000 ton's; or 63 p*er cent
more'than Great Britain in? 1911; Germany's production of coal and lignite'
in'~1899; was'*931640,500 short "tons'; "in
19117'_ it was'. 258,223,763 tons, an' increase" of over 175.percent..;';,    --y,-.'
The combined production1" of- Great
Britain and .Germany iri' 1911 was 562,-,
744,958 short tons, which'exceeded the
output of the 'Hinted States' by-'only
06,500,000'tons"; or 13.2 per 'cent ' '''-;
These three-countries; United States.
Great'Britain;and Germany, produce
more than SO' per cent of the world's
total supply, of cbal.   ■'-'.  .. -7 ■ . ',
RESCUE-WORK IN MINES.
ONLY UNION-MINED COAL,
WANTED TO BE. BURN ED
"the receiver in the conduct of the business. .
U. S. PRODUCE TWO-FIFTHS
i '   OF"WORLD'S COAL
- The United States has- held first
place'araong the coal-producing countries of the world since 1899,'when this
country supplanted Great Britain.
In 1911 tlie total world's production
of. coal amounted to approximately 1,-
302,500,000 short tons, ' of which the
United States contributed 496,221,168
tons.'or 38.1 per cent, according to the
United States Geological Suiv.ey.
In the 12 years from 1899 to 19U
tho production of tlie United Statos
litis increased-over 100 per cent; from
1899 to 1911 Great Britain Increased its
out put about 50 por cent, from 198,-
146, 731 to 301,521,195 tons.
The United States In 1011 produced
- A bill providing that all public Institutions of the State of Indiana-shall
be required to burn coal mined with
eight-hour labor, will be "Introduced ln
the next session of the Indiana Legislature. George A. Lutz, International
Organizer of the U. M.' W. of A., has
spent the past ten days interviewing
influential labor leaders and coal mine
operators, and all,over the Indiana coal
region and reports that he finds unanimous approval.^ The matter has been
taken up by therhome' office of the International Mine Workers and a; similar bill as outlined by Organizer Lutz
will be submitted1 to,,the" Legislature
of every State 'mining coal.; ■
1 W. H. Raney, of Princeton, Ind., nn
official of' the United Mine Workers*
Organization, is in entire sympathy
with the bill and will work for its enactment in the. next session of the Indiana Legislature. - - All. operators on
the Boonvllle track are reported to
favor the bill and to have assured Lutz
that they will support the bill and use
their influence with other operators of
the State, from whom they expect no
opposition. ■ Among the operators favoring the bill are George P. Nester,
John Kelly, John F. Helnzleand Dr.
T. D. Scales, y      ' " '-   ,
The bill will be hroad enough in its
scope to include all the coai burned l_y
air penal, bebevolent and educational
institutions of the State. „ It will include, the coal; burned by the public
schools of the State."" Tho bill will
be included in a questionalre to -be
addressed'by the Legislative Committee of the United Mine Workers of iAm-
erica to every'.candidate on the Legislative "ticket in' the State'. ■ ° The Legislative Committee ■ will not give any
candidate the endorseinenLoL.irilon._-C_
* An interesting "demonstration .Jwa's*
given at Canklov^-. ot'.rescue 'work- *n
coal mines, 7and an. opportunity /was
provided for ■ the^publio",:inspection?of
modern appliances for saying '. life; in
case, of explosion,.-ilJFor7 the'.purpose
ol .demonstration a; special .'chamber,
filled with _)6ls6nou8'fumes7was fixed
in;the.central'halCiand.tfiroiigh the
windows the, people:gathered"."outeide
were able to<see';the movements of.the
supposed rescuers,' wearing the apparatus designed.for rescue .work, after
an'explosion iri a coal mine,'and; penetrating workings charged with poisonous gases. Mr. HoskuY said-'the".various appliances on view"wou!d,be found
to be a great Improvement on the early
methods adopted some .years; ago." ^It
was his intention to put the "Meco"
apparatus on one of his hearers,\nd
let him enter the chamber filled, with
poisonous fumes, and at the same tlmo
air tight. This appliance, when charg-.
ed, would last two 7"Hours, .,-and
then could be easily re-charged. It had two cylinders at the back
for oxygen, also a generator charged
with caustic potash and caustic soda
to purify the bad.*air that, had been
thrown off by the user of the apparatus. The lecturer showed the advantages of the helmet, and explained the
various tubes and valves.' ' The weight
was 37%,lb. complete. ;He produced
a'very ingenious safety-lamp which'
was Hghted.and put out again In a moment. ■ The lecturer went ori to say
that the Mines Act. had made it'incumbent td'Jiave brigades. Five men
would constitute a brigade, and there
would be one brigade for every 250 to
700 men, and two brigades for 700 to
1,000' men. '        "", ■    ;t   .,-        . ■ -..
bor unless he -answers the question
satisfactorily, whether the candidate
be running on the Democratic,' Republican',; or Progressive ticket.
The bill, if passed, will, mean that
contracts now'let fo coal companies
outside of the State,using non-union*
labor will be let to Indiana coal coitn-
panies. ' It promises to be bitterly'
fought' h-f> outside corporations, who
have been, underbidding Indiana coal
companies.' .■
The bill is now, being framed by a
firm of Boonvllle lawyers,' who will
model it after a bill now being considered in Congress providing tliat all
materials used by the Navy Department be manufactured with eight-hour
labor."_ According to lawyers, who
havo been consulted, by' the Mine
Workers' organization, thoro will be
no doubt, as to ,tbo constitutionality
of'tho bill,
>AVE OVER $25
WHEN BUYING TOUR
RANGE
THIS FALL.
$412?
$495°
PAJTthe FREIGHT
You can buy DOMINION PRIDE RANGE at Factory Price
Direct from the Largest Malleable Range Works In Canada
THB price wbich the Dealer quotes you on a Range
ia made up like this—Manufacturing Cost +
Manufttclurer'a Profit -f- Jobber's Expense of
Handling and Selling + Jobber's Profit + Retailer's
Expense of Handling and Selling + Retailer's Profit +
Freight.
By our direct "Factory to Kitchen" selling plan til
tlioc cuwjjcb are cut oul except tne actual niauu. actunug
cost, a small profit, and freight. The difference to you
is the difference between the $41 to $49 which you pay
for a "DOMINION PRIDB" Range and thc $69 lo $78
which you would have to pay the Dealer for a Range
which cost as much to make.
Are you anxious to contribute $35 or $30 to the
middlemen}
In thc—
pwww>riwi'M'wrfcnn*'ii w wvwiywM < www www
tbt pot lo boil lt,
1 Her« Is a Book Worth Having.
I ft ttlli about cooUn 1 from the lime Ibe
1 1 f_!'_f_.J_,_'"."!,.H!*'»i? P'L' liolilOMt»lB
1
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1
I
I
1
I
1
th* nook eonlilai
InttrMlliif   nior-
from Many »»»r-
ttt aad It 1 linn.
tr*U4   profikifly.
Thl "IVOlltl.B tl
the Cook Slav."
•Uo tell* Mil ttiout
Hit "Domlnloa
I'rlde" Rtnr-t,
Whf thrr rrtir nrnt
n lunge Jin. now
or, noil you will
CB)Ojrl)llillAOlf.
WrIU Ur tntuift.
mw»_-M»«_.«w_MiiiMi_.-_.-_____in
"DOMINION PRIDE RANGE"
you get a full dollar** worth of actuttt stove value
for everjr dollar you pay,
The ••DOMINION -MtTrW U ttintlfnf 1oiit.li.
•trong _n_t-)r_.b.e iron and tlie beat Wuo poihhed
ateel—moterlali that will neither warp, crack nor
break, so that It will last a lifetime, It la made in
the largest Malleable Iron 1 Innge Work* in Canada,
and each range la backed by our unconditional
guarantee,
Tbe "DOMINION l'RIDIt" looka well, cooks
well, aaVea fuel and ia eaally cleaned. You'll be
proud ol ha neat, tiandintne appearance in your
kitchen, and of the appetliing: food it wilt cook to
perfection for yon. You'll appreciate the case uf
keeping ita blue poliMitd ateel aurface and tbe
bright ppllihed tdp aplck and apan with a few rubi
of a cloth, Your luiaband will lie more than pleated
wltlt lb* t«WHmi tn the mit f«r v-^-j wit r-.-
the "DOMINION I'KIDK" uvttt byactual'teati'
30% of the fuel.
A "DOMINION PRIDl}" Range, w.ti_ High
Closet Shelf and Itlevated Tank or I'luth Reservoir,
with Zinc Sheet to go under range, 8 sections Blue
Polished Steel Pipe and 3 F.IUwa, will be delivered
to any Station in Ontario, Quebec or the
Maritime Provincea for fcr, or 10 nny Stntlon tn
the Pour Western Provinces for I49—15 to be aent
with order and balance to Im paid when Range is
dcttvt-.uX ul you. Sutluu. If nol convenient to pay
cash we will Arrange to accept yonr note.
Canada Malleable & Steel Range Mfg. Co. Limited, Oshawa, Ohtario.
WImmb wHt__i« tt will Im a dlilSt. tt favor «• «* It tn will titration Urfs p*p«r.
tor the, ultimate; goocLand; success .of
oar great, membership^..'■.;.-%','■' r'r-.yS^
Iri taking leave of 7the"m___e .workers
of the anthracite fiei^I;want'to "thanit.
them', fbr^the,- privilege. [.ti$y{- "accorded"
me in spea_d__g..to^toe'[ineli7a__d\/exj.
plaining- to vt^em*(my-position-«s! tneir
president.^ ;I£ainl satisfied that Ihave
been accorded- the^blghest,. privilege
and all that!' any;; honest ,man7. should
desire,-, and > the5, future-1 shall'leave
to you;-and express thehope that time
will fully 'demohstrate*the7soundness
bf the course we pursued.;   ;,: ..>■<
I wish also* to .thank the public'tahd
the' press * for "the support' they "have
given,us in.this work! •--.">' -.-v "7'-'r^-
y       ?r JOHN^P. WHITER
-.   ,       .-,.    7     ,.-   "'-7 .President.
MINERS STRIKE IS THREATENED
IN TENNESSEE AND KENTUCKY
"' The situation, with the union miners
of District No. 19, United Mine Workers of America; comprising East Tennessee and southeastern Kentucky, has
become acute.- The annual convention
was'adjourned last Thursday, when It
was'found that none of the operators
had appeared in response,to^the union's invitation to have a conference
on that day and fix a wage scale to
supplant tbat now-'in'effect, which, expires Aug. 31. ' The district officers
have referred the "situation to international headquarters, and unless these
officers can bring about, aii adjustment
it is said a strike will be ordered. The
operators' made no reply whatever to
the inyitation7for a conference on the
wage question.  , ''  r, .  '7-77-,-.'..,
A canvass of the ballots,showed the
following officers for the .coming-year
"chosen bylfeferendum vote::John■ F.
Bowden, Knoxville^ was.re-elected, president; Thomas ,'McGann, Knoxville,
secretary and' treasurer, and John Jef-
feries, Pittsburgh, Ky., member of the
National1 Board to represent. District
No. 19..     7 ■ .    •  , .,
!_&_______'
FAREWELL ADDRESS OF
PRESIDENT WHITE
After,His Tour in the Anthracite
Region
To the Officers nnd Local Unions of
the Unltod Mlno Workors of District
Nos. 1, 7 and 9: ,
I take this menus of returning to
you my sincere thanks for tho courtesies extended during my sojourn In
your midst, and I shall long remember
tho many evidences of your confidence
and estoom,   «>
Wp. have 'concluded tlio most extensive campaign for membership over
wnneil'ln tho antliraclte conl fields,
und I nm especially gratified to bo
nblo'to state to tho mine workers of
tlio country that the anthracite mine
worker realizes moro than over beforo thnt Ills present and futuro sue-
pork rests In n strong, united organization. Tlio existing contract, whllo
It doos not reflect all you doslrod or
all you nro ontllloil to, Is sucli a marked Improvement nvor nil otliw con-
triifts thnt It hns enabled tlio mine
workers of tho nntliracte fields In tho
Hpuco of ii few mouths' time to enroll
nearly ovory man and boy In tho three
districts, working In and mound lho
mlnoB, In the me.nl.ori._ilp of our or-
gnnlzntloi),
Tlio gront welcome extended to uh
whorovor wo wont Ib greatly npproelnt-
od by ouch und evory ono of ub, Tho
illflti'lct mid locnl official.) and tho
membonilip ovorywhoro nro ontltlod to
groat credit for tlio manner nnd way
thoao demonstrations woro carried out.
It line beon our pli.n6i.ro to addroBB
flfty-olght meetings or tlie tjiroo (Hh-
triots, nud It Is pRtimntcd that up-
wnrdB of fiOO.OOO pooplo participated
in tlicHo large domoiistrntloiia, which
were tho greatest success of nny over
bold ln tlio itnthriiclle regions,
The manner In which tho nnthrnclto
mlno workers came back Into tho fold
nf  lll«l  Orcnnt'/nllnil   miitr"  Ihn   nronnrt
contract completely ro.nt_»ti thn at...*..
ments of those who oppound tho rocont
settlement, nnd Instead of tlio organi-
zaton dissolving as wub predicted hy
them, never In Its history hns it roach-
*>i\ ftiich proportions n» nt thn Tirfunnt
tlmo,
Tlio mlno woriera of tho anthracite
conl fields seem to bo'imbued wllh the
rlxht spirit nnd tliey understand that
If they would hnvo improved conditions of employment nnd be nblo . to
..,_..null, tho pro..,!-:,*, iiln-mlj nirnti*, tt
Is highly cascvttlal thnt each and <>vory
out? of U»-tiu U< An nrtlve member ot
the organization. The personalities
rnd pwsjndlw* thai have proved *o
harmful In the past to tho miners' In-
terests roust now bo eliminated und
j«very n>pnwMini\* of the organtxi-
.vioi. lu alt ot.',_, l„iutW* kboutd work
CLAIM THAT, UNION ..y      .,
7 \ THREATENS BOYCOTT p' .
■:  ' y    POLICE COURT* CASE
7 7J. ,A. Soderberg, manager. of"' the
W«st Coast'.Granite Company, 7 was
committed for".trial in the..Vancouver
police court on a ■charge of conspiracy
against, \V. N. Bertrim. .Tlie case.is
a most Important one,' and is'closely
watched by union-men and "employers '.
'--'I r*       ..'.-.:       -    z,    •'•   *    -    .1-.        '.'.      -   I-.'       ."Vi-  -
of labor.7,7' -/.' -"'-:»,y7">..;_'..?' ^Sty
y '■". .-w 'i v \""-'.- - '--, • ■». -!-: -, ■-' y-- "v ,s t. *■• -,
,' According to Hhe evidence given at.. ..
the. preliminary hearing,' Soderberg re^? y
jfusecPtOj Bertrim, graved-anid _>and'b"e-'-..^0
cause^f "threats7made.to himT by.thtf :7.)
Granite-Cutters' International Associa-.A 7
itibn pt• Americayf/fv $> ^T-X'yy, >^,7 -'
■£vBei^i_d^>hadyb^3*pla<Mdi:bn';nthee?7
unfair -list by"; the* association - on; acl..-.
count -of, not/recognizing, in- his.busi-; ,s
ness de_il!ngs,-.th_.t organization'.-''*;Rep-:''
resentatloris'were maae. to-Soderberg
that if)he sold' to;'Bertrim; he,.   tob,7,.;
would; be' boycotted  by .'the .^Granite" •'
Cutters!; Union; 7an'd, being 7in'timidated_I
when Bertrim applied .for materials,'-
he was'refused.    '■•■'■'.'•'.-,-.-'•     -.-".
•        - ^ -. " X"       - '      -    .   -      . Jl.
. -Mr." Bertrim,- through., his counsel,'   ,
brought criminal, action against. Soderberg  urider ; the provisions • of the ,r
criminal  code.-■,^A ■■»..,"   \" ,   ' 7   .';
V7;Vv,-^;
p-
•■■'-%■
At a .recent.meetlng of the Minne.
sota Woman Suffrage League, it was
decided to maintain a booth at the
state fair arid invite" all men to bring
tlielr socks to be darned to prove that
suffrage workers are not Incapacitated"
for housework,
'Large. Airy Rooms &-
Good Board
Ross & Mackay 0m
THE FERNIE
*'•<■'  y. y \y >■   ^       y   • *
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgp
-Manufjtctupersof andDeal^
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Gall In and
seo us onoe
JOHN P0DDIELAN0IK, Prop,
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
lBeer;v,';v"
and
Goods a Specially
The New and
Up-to-date" Hotel
> . Every person likes to be comfortable. • We havo tbe latest.
design of steam heating apparatus in every room, Our menu
is tbe bost. We guarantee satisfaction.; Two blocks from C,
F. R. Dopot. Old and now.faces
woicomed. n -.,
New Michel, B.C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
KING'S  HOTEL
Our Mippllod with  the bt-st Wiiii'H,
*•'    T •*»•;••'
IJIMiNt.   HUUU   U\  V-Oi\NKljT10N
W. HILLS, ■ Prop
Waldorf
Hotel
< P. V. WHELAN, Msnaosr.
Rates $2.00 and lip
Hot and Cold Water
Electrlo LlQhtsd
8tsam Haated.
'Phona in avary room,
•ampla Rooms on Main "
Business ,8trs_t.
Meal Tickets, $7,00
Spaolal Rates by tha waek and
tha month and to Theatrical par*
tlea.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner
♦
Thn flnf.n. ftf Wlnrn. tltjuorr
and Cloars served by competent
and obllolno wine olerku.
Sanatorium at Frank
Rocky Mountain
SANATORIUM
at the famous
Sulphur Springs
Every Convenieuce
Bus at all trains
•■ti".' V't
%7
. -^  ["^-.^'.r-j .j.   * ,.-. ^j.fc-v;-        ._ .... .. -     . . .   -	
..—    ■; -...-     i-      5 •»   '- ■•  -   .-  '-•  ,'t —- ,     . -■   _ •".   -. ■- "-.  fl.-   i',-,'     ;-  ''I**. ,---"     -'   T-'-
■ -■ .;_•■-..-■      . ■—.,; ■.--_.'■    .-..-..-.-.'i:-■>-* ■• ._.  >- .v.-  -, » .-  >-.,._.•.".---;■ t .._*., •;.,.,
-■■ .i' - 'y '          -v . , " ".'' "j "■' ...^ .. ■'" ■   -,- •■■':.     . -'■'-.'    , ',.     •      v. '-"   •-.-' -'v.'n
--'---"''„      •      ■ -             -■ •-.'"■'■■   ' ■ • '   %"-,-'    '      - •"      -       .    '•'         '. „v    -   J
.■■.'".VJ/->_i">,;^
"ai    ?.>»'»•
""2*_*S_-
THE DISTBICT LEDGER, FERNIE. K 0...SEPTEMBER 7, 1912.
PAGE THREE
*"?
WHEN;0;BLAIRMORE GlVEV.S&pkL&
""''"''"^h^C^ity'Store^'V X?y' '
■•v.*T
7
GROCERY; DRY GOODS/ CROCKERY,:
y  CLQTHi^G^ ;
\7The right goods/ ■ The right treatment!/ 1 The right .
yX 'S •-       '; prices/eacKjand'everyJtime! .    ,> 7'7\:-' * •
PinckeiyCreeb. Creamery Butter from the nearest-;/
... ' creamery.,.is:always fresh and of the .-.,--.$ 'y'
y ■-sy'-y-yy   PINEST QUALITY- "   :   -
Burnett & Lang
General Dealers
.i
Goods
 and—; :
Living Prices
Dry-Goods, Boots, Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries, Fruits and
Provisions
Bellevue, Alia.
P V
^IvBLAIS
c"    y * <-.      - y    : ■■-        '    . • ; .-. ■"
Grocer
'' We. carry a full line of 7"
.'.'"'.'-     ■-'.      "  --' " ,-  v'        »-?        '"     *       •• '
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
.   Satisfaction guaranteed or money back   ,
Phone 103 *>.V-';:;:.":.:.] Frank, Alta.
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELER  AND OPTICIAN
FERNIE,   B.C.
WHY
were the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC.?
Becauso thoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the tlmo at
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
iiNiiii
I xaifrM4itoia&i*Mb*^^
f
IWkJ O.fW*
HAMILTON
Capita). Paid Up '.12,870,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits  3,500,000
Totnl Assets.,>,,<>,,,,,,,,., i -14,000,000
Just ns n BuccoflBfuI morclmnt maltos ovory
effort to glvo his cuatomcrs courteous, off!•
clout ntl«ntlon, so do tho officers of tho nnnk
of llmnllton endonvor to rcmlor to doposltors
ovory Borvlso consistent with consorvntlvo
bnnklnff prnctlco.
No doposlt Is too smnll to nssuro tho do<
pnnllor consldoroto trontmont—tlio savings
iit-counla of thoso In modornto clrcumatancos
nro welcomed with courtesy, nnd with «b>
Bonco of undue fonrinllly which rnnkos bank-
lng n convenlenco nnd n pleasure. "
F. B. Robertson, Agrent
LIBERTY-is.;.,    _
■S. By Eugene V; #et>S;
■ .'j. j "'ai1 j
A
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
Lumber for all
Purposes
hero at nny time and In >nr
quanltjr., You cannot swam.)
us wltb a large order, or »We
ui so small a ono that we will
not attend to IL
THERE ARK BOARDS, BEAMS
JOIRTS, SHINOLRS, Etc
for any Wnfl of landing yon
. may be at work upon. Have
oa aead ron what yoo want
when you want It
" Liberty, divinesf word ever-coined
by human, brain -.or^ uttered vtfjrSbumart,
tongue, is the issue in 'this .campaign.'
■ It is the spirit of liberty'.tliatjtoday
undermines the empires'^bf, the: .old
world, sets crowns'and miters, askew,
and in its onward'elemental sweep is
snaking the institutions of capitalism
in this nation, as frail reeds are shaken
in its .place had established, tbe reign
_ It was Caryle who saidTof the results of the, French Revolution tha't
"democracy had destroyed - the reigri
of the a'ristberacy of parchment, and
in its place" had ekablished the regn
"of the aristocracy of the niriney^ bags,
the "only compensating; feature1 of
which was that the reign of'the latter,
would be of infinitely briefer.- duration
than the former."      .      •, \ •' \ "
Truer words ne'er fell from human
Ups, Kingdoms and dynasties,founded
upon'parchment have endured for a
thousand years,' but after n reign "of
less than half a century,the kingdom
of capitalism, the reign of the money
bags in America, totters upon ".It's
throne and needs but the breath of a
united proletariat to plunge it. into
that oblivion to which liberty has consigned the oppressors of mankind'in'
every, age of the race.     ' • 7
Upon ■ a , million hearthstones in'
America the newly lighted fires of
liberty burn today. _
With an inspiration born of necessity
the toilers of America arei uniting, unfertile crimson banner of Socailsin
for the'final struggle of human emancipation. '• -u . ;'-. - ' • « .
' From, factory and mine, from field
and farm the gladsome cry of freedom-
echoes dn and ever on. , . -y " ' *,,
' Faster and ever ff-sterthe' battalions
of labor's hosts are wheeling into action; .with ' the . irresistible ■ onward
sweep of the ocean's''tide'the'workers
of the world march upon the political
citadels of capitalism, the defiant cry'
of unconditional surrender upon.their
lips,-the unquenchable light of liberty
in their eyes.     - '-,<,..
No longer" divided by the' false political prophets of capitalism,' united as
they have never been before, the
slaves of factory, ..mill.and farm are
bent on victory on every political bat-'-
tlefield/ ,7   "' '   '   " .
For the first time in the political
history, of this nation the workers bf
.every'occupation are realizing the oneness of/heir interests aiid their-cause,
and they are recognizing as never before the common cause of their common impoverishment and oppression.
\3apitalisin~staiiuHTeveaied"-"to~""the"
workers* bf ■ the "world as the inca'rna-
tion of human greed, of human avarice,
the incarnate .enemy of the further
progress of the human race.
The issue is not Wilson and the
Democratic party, but CAPITALISM,
tlie father of the Democratc party ai)d
its politicians.
The Issue'Is not Taft and the Republican Party, but CAPITALISM, the
father of the Republican party and Its
politicians.     ■-■     >    ■
.The Issue is not Roosevelt and his
so-cnlled. Progressive party, but CAPITALISM, which spawns politicians
and reformers of the Roosevolttype.
The issue Is not the tariff, but CAP.-'
TALISM, the father of tariffs.
The issue Is not regulation o corporations, but CAPITALISM, tho father, of nil corporations.
Tho Issue in not the punishment of
malefactors of great wealth, but CAPITALISM, tlio father of all mnlofactors
of whatever grado of wealth, ' \'
" Tho Issuo la not child lnbor, but
CAPITALISM, which is the father of
child slavery.
The Ibbug is not regulation of cor-
tho mothers, wives and daughters of
tho workors but CAPITALISM, which
nacesHltatoB that, prostitution.
Tho 188UO Ih not povorty, but CAPITALISM, which demnndfi lho pauper-,
Izatlon of-tbo workors of tho world In
order that capitalism may.flower and
flourish,
Tho Issue Is not Morgnn nnd Rockefeller, and tho iGii'thoiiHnnd other millionaires ..lio plunder thc workers of
lho world, hut CAPITALISM, which
ennblos tho Morgnim nnd tho millionaires to plnndor tho workors.   *'
In plain, Soclnllsm groupi. nil tho so-
culled "Ibbucs" of nil the corrupt capitalist pollllcnl imrtloH of whntovor
brand or nnino undor tho bond of CAPITALISM, nnd It dnti.ni. them to eternal pollllcnl perdition for tholr hypocrisy, lliulr uto*h pollllcnl iminonillly
nnd tor tlielr hnsn hotrnynl of tho
world'H workors.
Tho political harlots of mpltnllstn
hnvo rnlred n thousnnd false Ihbuch,
and tbey have captured nnd led opposing nrmk'H of tho world's workers upon
a hundred thousand'political lmtile-
fb'lds whero Uio only .iohhIIiIu Ihbuo ot
the .mttlo would ho the ,dorqfiit of tlio
workers aud tho polltlcijl and economic
victory of tbo ninsters.
captains from its own class, serene and
confident..awaiting the hour to"strike
that final flow for liberty which shall
terminate the ;brutal,rule of-the. capitalist class, for the' battle of.the ages
is at hand! Harken. to '^.trumpet
voice of • and, usher«in the reign'of daman brotherhood. -7
STRENUOUS LIFE OF       «   . 7-7' ,
A STRIKEBREAKER
It's
a   Dangerous   Business   When
Man  Crosses the' Dead-Line -
With Trouble on
a
I have been a strikebreaker for thc
last-six years. In'that'time I have
worked at a good many different trades. I, have been a blacksmith, a pie
baker, a machinist, .a-switchman, a
miner, a steamfitter, a common laborer, and in the last two months I have
been a waiter at .the Waldorf Astoria,
a car conductor .in:Boston, a'fireman
on a coast steamer, and just now am a
longshoreman on one of the big" pievs
on the North River. What my next
job will be I don.t know, "but perhaps
a civil engineer or a mechanical draughtsman, or perhaps, chauffeur of <_
flying machine.
Strikebreaking is'not what It used
to be . There was a time when'1 we
were treated well by our agent and the
company,that employed us. ,. We usee!
to get big money, good board, with n
big .bonus thrown in after the job was
finished, and had not .much to do' but
make a noise. When .Tip Fariey had
a monopoly of the strikebreaking business there was good moneycin it for
everybody, and he retired a"million-
aire. Now there are perhaps sixty or
seventy differeiit^firms, and -special
agents. Some of these spring up as
soon aa-there is a big job on, hire a lot
of help, collect the .money from' the
company, and disappear. '   ,. ,     ;,
Aside from the money consideration, strikebreaking is a dangerotic
profession.', While we are housed and
fed by the company; come, men, especially those; who.have families, 'viU
brave the danger'and oofs ,the deadline to go to tlisk1 hornet; at night.
This 'is a difficult feat, and fraught
with great danger to one's health. ■ I
have seen'a howling mob'just outside,
the gates' ready' to devour any man
that crossed the. dead-line. I myself
have faced il on a job at which.I was
employed for more than six months,
and only slept on the company's preia-,
ises three lights, although I have, seen
a good many brought back cut up aiid
"in a dying condition. Only three
nights ago I- saw, a ma., brought bad-
to the pier badly cut, and later,
watched the ambulance carry.him to
ine^nospuai; r ; ——y—
7 Some strikes are,averted by the
company intimidating .and bluffing the
strikers by what we call waiting time.'
For instance, five years ago, the trainmen, and switchmen- on' , the Great
Northern Pacific talked, for. months
about striking. J J. J, Hill, president
of the road, and strikebreakers, "all
along his line housed in railroad cars
ready for an emergency, and,the result
was that there wns no strike. It was
an expensive plan, keeping all .these
men there for months on full pay, but.
it served its purpose.   •       '
' Ballot Box the Weapon
'Arbitration does not do much good,
as It ls generally not primarily a qiieh-
tlon of wages- but of recognition cf
the union, Tho wages would miip
care of■ themselves, but recognition of
tho union would bo a whip ovor tne
company's head, nnd thc company
knows this. The laboring daBs has
a moro powerful weapon than tho union, , namely, concentrating .its power,
at tho ballot box. When laboring mon
shall havo learned this- leHBon their
employers will bo at their nrnvoy,
Whnt Is tho uso of fighting and bulldozing a big, powerful,company with
brlcltB and knives and bombs? It Ih
llko n fly fighting an elophnnt.—Cnl-
gary Albortnn.
Unemployed;
As 'we grow in wealth' and population
and people of less fortunate countrle's,
seek our shores with' the hope for better opportunity the'question of theun-
employed becomes more sericus. Compared with European countries we, are
as yet in an undeveloped state, yet
many of our.industries   are   of" the
greatest of their kind in the world.
.With so many millions of fertile acres
either partially,or entirely uncultivated why ^should we be confronted with
an unemployed question of any magnitude?     This question must be answered and to the wage^earher is the
answer of greatest importance.   From
the'soil must comcthe support of all.
The uncultivated condition of our soil
reduces the quantity of the.necesslties
and without any combination "to control  the .price'paid theyproducer as
wall" as that charged  the consumer
would necessarily increase the price
to the consumer and thereby   raise
the cost of living to the^wage-earner.
The great majority of our immigrants
are tillers of the soil.    Yet how small
a per cent do' we find engaging in that
occupation after, their arrival in America.     Met. at the pier by the representatives of large Industries they, are
shipped to the great industrial centers
and captivated by what to them seems
big wages,' enter upon their new life
ignorant of the wage   necessary,  for'
their bare 'existence.     Bouyed up by
the hope and promise that conditions
will become better they are induced
to remain until'there is but. one avenue
of escape.   - Unable to-bear their burdens longer those who are fortunate
enough to have no dependents start on
the tramp with the, hope ot finding
better'employment, thus swelling the"
number of the unemployed, while other   deluded  "immigrants   take   their
places toq again-swell the tide of the
unemployed.   ,And all this time what
is our government attempting to do to
place these immigrants in a position
where they might.follow their1 natural
vocation?   Every • tendency is to ad-
vertise'-our industrial establishments
and little or no effort.is put forth lo
prevent false representations by the
owners' of. these establishments in order that they may secure cheap immigrant labor.     The-alluring life of the
city beckons to the farmer lad, the unprotected immigrants swarm  to  the
same center, while tne soil remains
uncultivated.  ' Is\ it   not time that
more attention was paid to the distribution .of our immigrants   and   those
who  in , our congested ' centres - desire to get away from those conditions
but are unable to do so without assis-
"tanee?    Cburanrbe-clatsed as pater"
nalism to turn our attention,to the de-'
velopment of the nation's greatest as-,
set, "agriculture?" ,Tbe department
of agriculture ■ has ■ done much during
the last few years*- to   demonstrate
the value of scientific farming.   Can
not more be done to secure a greater
farming population to make use-of the
knowledge gained through this department and thus relieve the congested
conditions   in   our Industrial centres?
The consideration of this question embraces the consideration of many others. But still this one question stands
out prominently   above   all    others,
"What ls our government doing to encourage the development of our agriculture, relievo the congested condition  of tho lnbor mnrkot nnd  solve
to somo degree tho quostlon of the unemployed?"
of helpful friendship.
What were the results? As soon
as the' British national strike was declared ended, our men went out of
tnoir way to call a mass meeting, at
which a resolution was unanimously
passed thanking the management for
tbe generous .considerate way in which
everybody had been treated. Our
men were among the earliest to return
to work, and we loaded what were probably the very first cars to be shipped
after the stoppage.
Since then^we have been getting record outputs, and with an- entire absence of , friction, and.in.'the most
friendly,maner we have been able to
arrive at mutually satisfactory settlements in' the hundred and one points
which have arisen in working under
the, new Act.
Did our policy pay? "" Those who
know the sort of prices' which were
obtainable in- England after the resumption of work last spring don!t ask
the question. The far-seeing man who
is. out to .make money knows that' the
smooth running bf his machinery and
his labor are equal essentials and he
does' not forget the human element in
the latter,    * "     ", ' v   #
(The above is reproduced, from Coal
Age and specially contributed by an
English colliery manager, the facts being based on an,actual experience in
the recent coal "strike, and entitles the
company involved to be highly complimented oh* the astuteness' displayed.
They appreciate the. value of the old
maxim: "You can catch more flies
with treacle than you can-with vinegar" and govern themselves accordingly. The humane (!)' m__n is kind to the
foiir-legged beast of burden because it
pays, therefore.the-application bf like
tactics to" the bipedal burden bearer is
equally profitable.. There are some
'3uperfieialiats~vvho~tuiiik~that~a—bene"
yoient Commercialism might be instituted which would frustrate the aims
and objects of the Collectivist, lind we
see spasmodic efforts to this end'being
attempted In the "profit sharing"
bonus, etc., schemes that have been
started, but they will have about the
same, effectiveness ln staying tho decadence of Capitalism as Loch Lomond
would have to tho extinguishing of the
volct.no of \t.8uviiiB.—Ed.)
Millions of people do not hang on the
verge of starvation without some ef-'
forts towards an adjustment ot equili-,
brium. ";"no question far the moneyed interests is whether the adjustment
is to take the form of bread or bullets.'.
—Toronto World.
•JBEAT YOUR WIFE IF
SHE NEED8 IT.»
8o Advises Phyilclnn Who' Profferi
Hints to Husbands on Family Rela
tions,.—Civilization But a Veneor or
Vnrnlsh and Man Is Still In Prlmltlvo
State.
ST. LOUIS, Sep'. a.—When you
find your mate, tuko hor, shu' uwulU
It.
When you havo hor, llvo for hor,
sho wants thnt.
When shu nrousos your Jealousy,
botft hor; niin nouds II.
ir she botrnys you, kill hoc; she do<
Horn's It.   "
Theso nro tho mnxlms that govern
t. mnn lu his relation., with his wlfo
snys Dr. WiiurIi, of Chicago, In tho
current number of tho Alienist nnd
Neurologist, n St, Uuls publication.
Dr.Wiuiuli, dean of thu Iiqnnot Mudl-
cnl college nnd clilof physician of tho
Jefferson Park honpltal in Chicago, Ih
Bread or Bullets
reroi-nlMvl nn ono of tho fmomntit n«-n.
Tho workers woro simply entangled Irologlstn In the country.
People who have assured Incomes or
steady jobs, who have never been without a meal, nor oven had .the chance
to renllzo what It Is to go for twenty-
four hours without food, or to understand the hunted sensation of tho man
who dooH not know where the next
meal Ib coming from for himself or his
family, aro saying very hard things
Just now about the labor loaders in
England and the strikers there,
People on the spot who understand
or may ho havo experienced tho hunger-horror, have less difficulty iu un-
standing tho prc-rovolutlonnry condition ln whlcli tho largo centres of Industry nnd population In Englnnd arc
now to bo found,
Tho situation Is much   morn   tenon
than   nny   nownpnpnr   cnblo   reports
manage to portray. "Hon Tilled, "nnd
hla prayers nro hut "froth on tho surface of a foaming tide.    Lord l)ovon-
port Ih probably too near tho centre of
notion to appreciate his own position,
IIo represents moneyed Interests, unci
It. Is his IniHluohH to mi nil out all opposition to thoso Interests, even the mnn,
women and chlldron porlsh-ln tlm process,    "It Is for their own good," ho
would argua lu so mnny words, and lho
pooplo who do not understand or bollevo that It Is good for them and their
chlldron to Mnrvo, pray ,lo tho Hllent
hcmvniiH for rovonge on tho figurehead
of tlio s.vMt<im,     Thn Hystotn  Ih, of
course, th<; crowning glory, in the eyes
or thoso who operate It, of Chrlstliui
('lvlllZ.l1l.1ll.
Probably nol one In n thnusnud of
those cMiieorned fu tlm preMent htiiiK-
gle In l-iiglntul hnvo rend Cnryle's
"Kn'IicIi Involution." Thow who
hnvo shudder al the leKer-ihlnnceN to
bo found between iho Umdoii of 'to-
nml   (tie   T'trlo   nf   110'vnnr»   \\»n
iii Um tDiasiuaitu swunips of capitalistic
politics, and no matter how th« balflo
w«nt ihe worker * !o&t. ,
Tint Una dny In American polltlcu is
gono forevcrmore. Socialism, full pan-
..luted utiti lull nrrncd, bus entered
upon tbe field of battle. It declares tho
Issuo to be Liberty vs. Slavery, Borlal-
Ism vs Capitalism, Man vs Mammon,   ,
Under the calcium light of tho political and economic truths of Socialism
fh*. vi.rrf/i£ fTnm*»titg tn American pontic* are seitregatlBK.
in thc presence of tlm uuu _ii_p_c_ue
Issuo of half a century thay am lost
and Impotent
On tha other aide atv» rapidly rath
"ihoru is ii constantly thickening
coat of thu \tirnish of civllUailon
foiled our tbfi man and tho woman,
with lho cave man nnd woman, unchanged ut heart," writes Dr. Waiiah.
'"Uio siiiiplo iriiulnis'ihAt ruled tho
cove dweller govern humanity today.
Every womnn sits and awaits the com-
'ng of her lord. She lu ready to follow
when ho beckons, ilo Is masterful.
He worries not. He takes his own
wh*n h" ffnd<i It; ho comtuanda, know
lng he will be obeyed, and (bat la th*
dun for which Ac walla.
"ilia ancestor simply caught his
woman, knocked her down If.ibe resisted and dragned hor, nono too gen
«ln« boat* of Soeallan, marshallm.. Uy, to his lair. The nearer the mod
tbtfr -**t<w_i In the ertftrty ranks of }*m aroroilnsain thli type and metb-
tfx» »<M>M»»f imrtrt _rft&   («  choa^n ((.if, the fwrnr ft mltn th-c wonxan"
HOW TO TREAT MEN ON STRIKE
t        T'      *     '    '
"Whnt! glvo mon fields to play In
when they have laid your mlnos Idlo
nnd are canning you endless expense
and anxiety trying to keep plncoB right
for them when they do feci Inclined lo
go bnck to work? Don't you realize
that hy thus giving them tho menus of
amusing and enjoying themselves, you
nro just encouraging thorn to prolonp
tho Htrlko? Dosldes, thoy ought to be
mndo undcrstnnil that If thoy nro going
to dellboratoly and unjustifiably cntinu
tho colliery ownors such loss, thoy nro
up ngalnst a stronger power than them-
hoIvob—n powor which will mnko them
sit up for thoir foolishueHs,"
Thnt Is what ono manager' 8nld, but
wo thought otherwise, Wo decided
It would pny us to show lho frlondllosl
nnd most gmicrmu. spirit pohhII.Io to*
wimlH our oniployew. nud wo concluded Hint the men would bo in. bolter
condition und much more nhlo to- go
through n dny's work nflnr tlio strlko
was ovor, If during tho Htoppngo limy
wero spending their time |» healthy
sports iu the (.recti fields liistond or
hanging nround tho slreet corners nnd
running up bills nt the public house.
So w.i ifiivn them fields lo play In
nnd let th'bm hnvo Hio horses nnd
ponies for racing, and In addition subscribed prizes for tlio vnrious sports,
ll was In this way thnt we Helved the
problem of tlio earn of our horseflesh,
for the animals wore fed, groomed mid
evwlned In* tin* IM« with nil Mia p«<-» I it
[nnd attention thnt could he desired .n I The fntnl fnetor In both rimoH Is the
Apparently complete Ignorance which
tho vnrious rlnssea of society seem to
hnvo of each ot tier's alms und objects,
Intentions nnd aspirations, The senm*
of it common welfare nnd nn Interlinked deMlny is foreign to them as n
while. Individuals nre to some extent
imbued with the knowledge, but layer
upon layer of the social strutn overlie
ono another, twisted, contorted, torn,
by Internal convulsions, and wltb ns
U'<Ur> UnovikuKti tif or &.r_ni.il.., wllh
each other1 than If geologic ages se-
part-ted them. Tho lords ss a clasn
wonder why "such vermin" aa lien Tillett are allowed to live. Tbe starring strikers see the luxury and wealth
of London all around then, and the
motor* of rivilltatlen cover tbem witb
luud mi dual <__. Un>y flsuU _>w_l.
The Struggling Weekly
Eking out an existence by conduct-    ,
ing a paper <in a small coutnry town
Is ever becoming more difficult, and
to us, who know the reason why, it is'  .
amusing to watch the antics of the  ,
supposed, owners   in   their effort to .
hang on.     When,they buy the paper ■
most, of the columns are" filled with
frivolous stories and patent "medicine
ads., the price derived from the ads.
enabling the dealer to sell the paper'
at. a very low rate.     The balance of
the columns the country scribe fills
up -with; local ads., and gossip", except
for a small editorial,,usually borrowed, often without' acknowledging'-  as  -
much. Such editorials either denounce   '
LARGE business concerns or tell, of
the strenuous lives' of the local authorities, who    are   usually LITTLE
business men. - All of which is .but a
polite-modern method of inducing the  •
local men of "importance" to dig up
at least a part of the advertising bill, ,
although this they can ill afford^to do.
Their lonfe experience as petty hawk'.
ers of.wares, selling things below their
value;. ..stealing1   an    ounce    here-
a quarter of a yard there, a few cents
at every opportunity In order to break
even, has-made most "of-them mentally;
incapable of scientific reasoning; so0'
they shut their eyes to Socialist literature' and their ears to Socialist speak- _
ers and remain ignorant of the econo-  >
mic forces that is casting'them among  -
the. wage slaves proper, who are already so numerous that they do not
welcome   any   recruits,'   particularly
from that-source. ,  Of course.it Is
galling .on  the one-time  prospective
capitalist to be- cast   among   "wage-
slaves whom they ha'Ve- always despised,'but It is not. what either likes,,
best that they get most of.       '    „■
For political services rendered    to .'
their real enemy—the Capitalist Class '
—some of  the one-time petty bourgeois get a little of tho campaign slush
fund which enables ihem to keep the
sheriff away and hold on to their little'
business.    So   wo   occasionally find,
In tho editorial column of a Btrugg'lng.
W-E-E.K-L-Y   a   clipping   from   ono
which - slanders    Socialist    speakers
and manipulates statistics to try to
justify the rulo of cnpltnl In exploit-
lng from the only useful class in human society thb product of tlielr lnbor.
—C. M. OMlricn.
IRISH COAL MINES        <
TO BE DEVELOPED
order to get them Into good racing
condi!Ion, Incidentally, of course, when
It tiiiiiu io tnidiig them back to tho pits
they wero in better shnpe ihnn wo hnd
ever wen them.
Wo ttlM) made wire Hint our reserve
stock ot coal would not ho raided by
giving the tisnnl nllownnces to nil on
strike. Our considered In this respect
was rewarded by tho men appointing
from themselves, day aftd night watch-
wr., who a;vw ..Ut ther*. watt no p'.lftv-
Iok done by outsidera.
W«» uiuiii fiiU.Mii', We thought thai
if any bitterness did exist, our best
policy waa to dispel such feelings rather than to aggravate them, to wo helped to feed tho women and children and
otherwise did what we could to show
.tut our retard tux our _u.ute.i- w___, him
Output Will Be Greatly Increased on
<     Construction of Railway
IWIlLIN/'Sopt. 4.—Wlien the pro-
positl to build n light railway between''
Athy and thc (inicr-fleld collieries In
Queen's County, was sanctioned by ilie
Privy Council, Home Interesting Infor-
nintlon wns given concerning tho coal-"
fields which would- ho served by It.
About 100 tous a day, It wns said,
is now tho averngo output, but lt Is
anticipated Mint thin would " he Increased to nt least 1000 when the coat
of Iraiisportatloii was reduced. li
now cost $1.08 a ton (or carriage to
the nearest railway, ton miles nv.iy.
Mlniiig expert., urn of the opinion
that slxty-iilx million tons o.lst in this
particular senin of coal, wiilch lnw
been foil nil tn be of good uunlity unit-
ablo for household use and for biiciIoi
un., It Is said to be u murine coal oi
an eiirlli', Kt'ologlrnl ditto til ii ii Hut
Kilkenny which in a fresh water n.u''.
It Is planned to hulld houses ut the
mine fin- Itw men emploveil.
There are also valuable limestone;
(|iiiinit'H lu the wiine neighborhood,
which would he benefitted, l.vports
report that they contain flono tiult-
nblo lor milking calcium carbide, nitrate of Hmo and hydraulic cement.
The ttev fl«.niiM <tmli_. nf Mlnne-
sotrt, speaking ut the International
l.ugenlcH Congress, London, llniilnn.l,
declared, "If I wnn to choline, my own
father I'd rather hnvo it robust burtf-
liir ihnn fl ronmmitiTtw htuliwi" Sh(ia-<t
how modern scientific toachiir,g is
penetrating even the church.
The ltlnhnp of N'oiv York snys thut
clergymen should study Socialism
more nnd condemn It less.
That Socialism must "break up tho
hoiiifi' is apparently proven by tbe
fact that things have, reached such a
jdfrh tbat In Auttria there are forty-
two women employed In trades and
manufactures to every 100 men, In
Prance lt la S2 to 100; In dsrmany,
:.<. U» ICO, Mid In England, U to l*Hl. —v."V,-.-i V
j^fts^-ia-.
P»<f_. -"- y jj;*?'; -^iy ■
r'>;i-"--7'
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,_3. C., SEPTEMBER 7,1912.
■yy
U.;_.;>V\~;
;'P"   ^Mi^M£^^ y- -,
' .   '     '.-°X        ■ ' • •
Published every .Saturday morning al its office,
^   - . y ■ ts 3    •   -
Pellat-Avenue;; Fernie, B. C. . Subscription '$1.00
per year in.: advance... An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in-tbe District., .Advertising rates or application; Up:to-date facilities
for ther execution 'of. all -kinds of,book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.'
Address all communications to ThS1 District Ledger.
;..; X ' y . H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.   .. "_ y Post Office Box No. 380
HEREDITY AND ENVIRONMENT
P UGENISTS liave been busy of" late and havo
*-'  seriously taken up the question of improving
the ' human race.     Their first international congress has been held, at which much scientific discussion indulged in.     Whilst one or two of the
speakers referred to the effect which environment
had in such matters, the congress denoted its consideration chiefly to heredity.     The question' of
heredity no doubt plays an important part, but it
can hardly be separated from environment.     Future generations can never be benefitted by' improving their inborn qualities, if the environment in
which they are brought up is unhealthy.    So long
as the worker is compelled to exist on the pittance
which is doled out to him by his masters, so long
will the race be as it'is today.    Pure-air, healthy
surroundings, proper nourishment for mother and
, babe are all counted tbday in what we call money,
and this commodity in exchange for his labor he
sees mighty little of.   Certainly not sufficient with
which to purchase the ."luxuries".- referred   to,
„ Once the present system is changed the necessary
environment will follow, and as a consequence the
inborn qualities of the child likewise benefit.."As
evidence' of the important factor'environment is
we will give one or'two illustrations.    A Scottish
poor law inspector has given it'as his opinion that
provided you take the children' of dissolute parents early enough atyay from their slum surroundings, they cannot be said'to,suffer at all from their
birth environment.      He supports ■ his' views by
figures which go to show- that out of some G30
children sent by him to the country; and kept under
close observation for years, only twenty-three turned out bad7   One more..   Dr.EichoIz, one of the'
British inspectors of schools, says: - •
. L'-^YhileTthere- are_-U-_tf or tn nn.t.p.1 v__vpr_y—_.}. ymA a nt.
signs of physical defect traceable to neglect, poverty, and ignorance, it is not possible to obtain sat-
> isfactory or' conclusive evidence of hereditary physical deterioration—that is to say, deterioration of
a gradual retrogressive,, permanent nature, affecting one generation more acutely than thc previous.
There is little, if anything, to justify the conclusion that neglect, poverty" and parental ignorance
. serious as their results are, possess any marked
hereditary effect, or that heredity plays any signi-;
ficant part in establishing tlie physical degeneration   of , the poorer population. . . . y There is
.every reason to anticipate rapid amelioration   o|
physique as soon.as improvement.occurs in external conditions, particularly as regards foods," clothing, overcrowding,, cleanliness, drunkenness and
the spread of common practical knowledge of home
management.    In fact all evidence points to active
rapid improvement, bodily and mental, in the worst
districts as soon ns they are exposed to better circumstances, oven tho weaker children recovering
at a later age from the evil effects of infant life."
PRESIDENT WHITE'S TOUR
np A. has concluded his tour through the an. lira•
* 1TE International President of tho U, M, 'W. of
cite regions of the United States, and from start to
fhiifth he was received,'on nil sides with the utmost
env.li.ility and ei.thui_).inir<.' As a result ovory man
and boy working in and around is now a ineinbor of
tho organization, anil today it is utronjfur thnn it
ever lins linon since itn inception. Tho districts
mniiily nnd diroolly effected aro Nos. 1, 7 nnd 0,
but ils good remills will be i'elt fur and .wide. Tho
500,000 people who hoard him spenk nt ono or other
of.the f>8 moelinf?8 cannot holp but lie imbued with
his cnnicstncHH, sinecrity nnd common r^hno of his
nrgumoiits, Vvcrh nnd pnblie, union mop and non,
onpilnlist Hhoots nnd othorwiso, hnvo showered en-
fonitiniH upftn tho miners' lender. Mr. While
might take umbrage at tho term of "lender" and
would porlmp/. prefer to ho enlled u«|)okoi.miin,"
and all fool (hat ho is ono in whom all. sections of
iho poopli' onii ii'iily'pnt .'lair trunl,
During tho strenuous time of the now scale no-
Rotintimw his Inot nnd careful hnndling of tlio doli-
onto situations that confronted him, stamped him
as a man whosi- Hincorily of purpoho can novor bo
doubted, and notwitliHlimdiiig tho fuel,   that   not
1      1    l>
1   i    ■        1
__..,-.   Mi.m_.it;i_,
,; .'Verbal gymnasts are" busily engaged, demonstrating'th'eir intellectual (!)■. capabilities'by arguments
in support of tlie action of-President ,-Taft being, hi
no wise a .contravention ..of the Hay-PaunCefoote
Treatj'. "Whether'it is or.4s not does' notTmaterial-
ly affect the great mass of'the world'^p'opiilation,
this is simply, another of the many squabbles'that'
* - t7 ^ - ■* i " .'   t      t  *i - if.
are* in progress between different sections of >the
master class"and the only part the workers play ir
the struggle" is-that'of acting as pawns on the.chess
board of commercialism. - Still/this, the most recent development of affairs concerning the Panama Canal forcibly, illustrates the .tissue paper consistency of capitalism's ethical code. ■ Loud mouth-
ings about morality'often have acuttle fish.flavor.
AYhen business interests are jeopardized; morality
(sic) is incontinently thrown overboard with but
little commentaries from the "respectables." The
acquisition by the British,of Hongkong is in" principle (or lack of it) duplicated by the action of
the U. S. in the creation of the Republic of Panama.
The Daily Press about whose freedom of expression
so much is shouted from the house-tops had but
little to report'when the acts of spoliation were
being played. About 9 years ago it was decided
by the Big Guns of High Finance .that the Panama
Canal project should be consummated, there was,
however ,the Republic of Colombia to be dealt with
and, as some of their political chiefs might not be
satisfied with a legitimate (.) profit for certain
concessions, rather than be held up bjr such crooked
gentry the captains of industry, who are nothing if
not resourceful, engineered'a revolution that,could
have ;beenaeasily coped with by the Columbian
authorities had it not been that "the gallant boys
in blue" aboard the U. S. cruiser Dixie, with breasts
swellingin patriotic devotion to the financial filibusters, perehancing to arrive on the scene at the
psychological moment (three cheers for7'psychological,?, as he always happens around at the right
juncture). -A few* days later another star was
added to the firmament of republics, those glorious
institutions that are rapidly displacing, "effete
monarchies" (plagiarism stolen from the speech of
a 4th-of July oration) and with that fraternal spirit
so dominant in the land of U. $'.',-Panama was' officially1 recognized and the first chapter of a very
interesting serial story, "Blackmailing Busted,,or
the'Record Republic,?' reached the : (Colon) point
of development.-The Panama "patriots" were hand
ed a liberal dole of a million dollars in real money
and the De Lesseps crowd paid their forty million
dolars.' These transaction's of course were quite legi-
timate-y.e.; they met with the approval of those>
who controlled the legislative, body. .  There were
.arvvrtr. 9e.^.r n_.ii_iml.A«_. ~J.M1 J.1 T   _  1 PO _ _ j     "1 •_■»_
awmc—ich - ai{ua«ivcra^snii— men^vuciii"CLions"?aicr
not' carry much weight.     Disclosures were made
of munitions, of"war being manifested as articles
bf husbandry,. afforded some (though not much)
copy for a few of the muckraking clan. . Roosevelt
although it is claimed for him that he followed a
Spaniard up San Juan Hill and boldly shot the unfortunate iri.the back, did not follow the maxim of
the Castilian, "Never write a letter, and never burn
oiie," judging from the correspondence that he had
with tho editor    of the "Review of Reviews,'"
plainly indicating therein that he was'conversant
with the inner workings of tin. Panama affair, because nearly a month before this petty Republic
came into.being he wrote: "I should.be delighted if
Panama were "an independent" state, or if it made
itself so at this moment lint for mc to say so publicly would ^amount to an. instigation   of a revolt
and therefor I cannot say it." •; This is one of the
many samples of "square dealing" charateristic of
the most colossal and verbose four-flusher that has
danced on the political stage in thc history of the
world and yet, thero are hundreds wiih "boilerplate" or "patent insido" opinions who raucuously
prate nbout the greatness of the Big Noise from
Oyster Bay. Crushingly brutal, positively unscrupulous, an animated monument of tergiversation
he typifies the braHsiness of the ago and one is lead
to wondor, which mont to marvel at, the magnificent
effrontery of tho individual or the gullibility of the
mass as'thoy so persistently root for Roosevelt
Tho action of this ox-Colonol has nil tho dictators
of imcient, medieval or modem days Hhovod bnck
into iho primary grade.    It is quite true there was
a little splutter in tho Congressional Hall but it wns
of no moro value than « damp squib because Unreal governing power through its acolyte had exor.
oisod its prerogative, oonsoqtionlly whon Sir Oracle
oped his lips there wns no ronl clog burked, .morcl.v
a few thought loss puppies (!) ki-ying.
GOVERNMENT   ACTION
ON'7-C.P.R
STOCK..
ISSUE
"<' OTTAWA,
understod
Sept. •_.-—Though-.it.is
thaf. Vthe 'w proposal1, oi £ th!_?•
C. ;,P. R,". to ^increase. its stock .lias
heen discusSe'd.j-no - definite "action has
been taken so .far as the Government
is concerned, nor will.any, be arrived
at until* Mr.. Borden _returns "/from
tbe, old .country."- The general' sentiment-prevails here tliat; the question
at issue*\vi_r__Qt-be.so nriich'-tiie in"
crease in ^capitalization as the term's
and conditions," so. far as .the stock-
holders'andpublic are concerned, under which'the increase is .proposed. "If
the government refuses to'take the responsibility, the action willgo to par-,
liament. ., Formal application cannot
be made .until after the'stockholders'
meeting on October 2.. *7    - "
BULL MOOSE, IDEAS^OF,.
STRIKE SETTLEMENT
Theodore Roosevelt in his Point of
Pines banquet speech, Saturday,
which appears to have been reported
only in the Boston "American," said:
"I shall tell you something 1 have
never told before—what I actually intended to do'during thevgreat anthracite strike of 10 years ago!
"I arranged with the Governor of
Pennsylvania that he • should call on
the aid of United States troops to suppress rioting—so far the operators
were wlth'me, but my instructions to
General Schofield.in case United-States troops entered the region were that
he should seize the mines and act as
a' receiver for them, with or without
the consent of _ the operators. He
would' have reopened the mines arid
operated them under. United States
martial law. ■•        :■;   °
"It was not; necessary to do thlB
because the operators got wind of the
scheme, and came 4o terms. It. was
a'time/for firm measures. -
"I had secured the consent of ex-
President Cleveland with" others to
serve on a,,commission in case we had
operated the mines against the wishes
of the mine owners,"- added Roosevelt.
■ "I don't like extreme action, but J
never hesitate to take any action'that
is necessary."     y« ■   ' '
The acknowledgment tliat Roosevelt
had intended to. actually seize the coal
mines brought, out tremendous cheering from the banqueters. ,
4 General Schofield retired from- service years before the, big strike, but
that is only a detail.. , *  7
1 THE FACTORY. SYSTEM.    ^
I--.,   .i,A-t-y y,?t v y*--
It is probable-tha£vEb7age 'in-'the
history of-: the ■ world, Vith^aii 'its" r&
■'■ '  -  .-;'"-■ -ry -'*- ■ • .,.-■-^ y».'
cord   of   suffering and "its-sickening"
monotony of. pairif and .death, everfuf-'
hished such a ghastly record'as did the:
factory, system in its ■ earliest .days..
Its history, or at least-some.'bfxtt^Is
open to the student .-in the'pages'of
English blue >. books; 7the" ajgltaUon";.of
the Christian Socialists,';the burning
pages of Engel*s"-""c7onditlon7o_; 'the
Working Classes in England," ah'ij the
violent splenetics' of. Carlyle/'. all. of
which bear testimony\to" its' Horror. '\.
And the taie. is even yet, not - com-,
pleted, for it must be. mentionediwith'
shame .that the,United State's today allows'^ the perpetuation of-the same
kind of infamies which'have "made .the-
name^of the English manufacturer .-a
hissing, and reproach-throughout' the
world.—Austin Lewis in "The Rise of
the American, Proletariat,"   -
Strange but true that as the volume'
of capital introduced into this country
swells, the greater'is the clamor for
improved army and riavy facilities to
protect.the workers from being gobbled up by those" wicked,foreign powers.
SALLOW SKIN
RECALL OF JUDGES
Opposed at Meeting of American Bar
"•-  '   Association.   -
MILWAUKEErWis^SeptT^'On©;;
eyed' leaders of"' the" blind,"' was" the
term used before-the American, Bar
Association at^its closing session, to.
describe those'who seek judicial reform through "the"'recall'of judges.1
. The association, „-. after going on
record as opposed both to the recall
of judges and of, judicial decisions, declared, that other'methods must be employed to prevent delays in law suits.
Various committees were appointed to
report on.plans for expediting court
proceedings, ■
LIVER    SPOTS,    PIMPLE8,    DARK
CIRCLES UNDER THE EYES
are all signs of'the system being clogged. The Liver and Bowels are Inactive and the Stomach is weak from indigested foods and foul gases.
..    FIG PILLS, .
the great fruit remedy,,will make you
feel like'a new person. k, '„ y
, .Winnipeg, June, 27, 1911
After taking three boxes'of your .Pig
Pills for .stomach and liver troubles I
feelstrong and well aiid able,to do my
own work.—Mrs. A. H. Saulter.    ..
. Sold at all -dealers ih 25 and 50 cent
boxes' or mailed by The Fig PIU Co.,
St. Thomas, Ont. Sold ln Fernie at
McLean's Drug and Book Store.
I ill.. Hull   K;t;i
-sur' .I...! JvJ... _\ WJ-.k- j.. iJa-if Jk.sL "mul truent
friend. That which wan gained wiih brought about
-by honest laotiwi, shill nnd pui'Miim. offorlH. Tho
mnnnor in which ho hns built up tho -irKn.ii_.nt ion
V/tft.tfitf-   l\\e\    r,n-nt',Ar.nr,r.   .....1   »..,„., I    ..»jl     ,   1»   1     1
     .-..-j.   a.....,)', «(,    M.^'i    HtH.K.!.    in.
is looked up to by, the mino wnrkorn of tin. Unit ori
Stntos and t'miiuln.
PANAMA AND PRACTICAL POLITICS
/** ALLAN'S of printer'., ink, tons of ncwopnpor
^Jr print mhI hours of tni_.il;.I of foil havo Wot.
t'oiistiniod uh ii reNiiIt of tho action of tho U. 8. ro-
KAnliiiK tin' imposition of tolls ui„.n. wknoIk othor
thnn' \biKi- flying the Stora and Stripe* i-awing
through Hi* Vanaron Canal.
ROOSEVELT SHOOTS SPANIARD IN THK
BACK.
Many good pooplo havo an id in tones of ui.icr
scorn: "Those SooiulintH ncuasc Koosevtlt of shooting n S|)nuiard in tho baok, \ ilo not bnliovo
Uinm."
, If it is not truo thon nooaovolt is n linr! In
"Tho I.oughridcrs,." pngo 11.0, Soribnor's edition of
18!)!), or Putnam'h Sons' edition, page 1G2, you
Hill -JiMi liiu i'oiiuWJlig;
"/wuiituii.iut Jhivib's first Horgenut, l.Inronco
Gould, killed a Spaniard with his ruvolvcr. At
about Uiu hiiiiio timo I also shot-ono. Two fipnn*
mrtU leaped front the tro.nohos, Ar'IIiov turned to
...u x 'v..)._ci. ui .mu Imii i-vtir.', niii>Mny mo urn\
and killjng tho second. At tho Nniun timo T did
not know of Oould'a exploit nnd NunjioHod iny font
to be miiipici,"  '   ' w      '      •     '   .
Thoso nro tho words of Itonsovoll, inurdcrer nnd
four flushor. Tliey will bo ronioinborod ns n "tuti-
quo exploit," of murderous honsting, long aftor thn
n.-cdlf. of (iiiiit has pMiicluri'd tin.' gas bag of thoin;
writer's fame,
TJicho illnniiiiating words of llio ox-prcaidont,
thc»,"nbyMnal bruto," havo boon oiuitted iu Inter
filili...... of lii.s worltji.
ARE EMPL0YE8 TO BE MUZZLED?
Question to Be Discussed at a Meeting
of Ward Three Ratepayers Next
* Week." '•.,■_
SOUTH VANCOUVER, Sept, 3—The
members of Ward Three Progressive
Association, South Hill,' are' calling a
mooting of the association for noxt
Tuosday to discuss the alleged action
of tho councillors in calling boforo
thorn 'Several employees who rocontly
hnvo, given utteranco to expressions of
opinion in public meeting, which did
not, lt is alleged,, qulto moet, with the
approval of the councillors, and have
written to Commissioner Crchan respecting matters Affecting them as taxpayers, i -, :'
Tho roply of tho Ward One Unto-
payors' Association to tho resolution
passod by the association some weeks
ago, suggesting the renioval of Councillor noblnaon from tlio council, will
also bo rond and It la expected tho
lottor wjll bo dlscu&Bod, na it auggestfl
that Ward Ono Is cuilto capablo of
attending to its own buslnoBa without
nny interference from Ward Three.
.   SYNOPSIS OP COAL MINING        -
.     REGULATIONS
y_C*PAL: mining rights of the Domin-
.^■"ion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a .portion of
the Province of British Columbia."may
be  leased, for  a  term  of-twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of f 1 an acre,
lot more than 2,560 acres wll be leased
to one-applicant. ■>, - , ,.
_ ..Application, f or_a„lease_must.-h<*-in&'i«-
by the applicant in person "to "the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which the rights applied for are situated. , - ' , > .,-.. -, .- .. ■ t
-In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of' sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out- by the. applicant himself.
Each apllcatlon must beaceompanled
H a .fe?_of *5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the.rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mlno shall
furnishi the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable, coal mined an dpay. the roy-
J>llZ there°n. If the coal mining
rights are not being operated, such
roturns should bo furnished at least
once a year.      -.      ,
... Ji!.8 Iea.se Yn_ Incite the coal mlslng
rlBhts only, but the lossoe may be permitted to purchaso whatovor available
surface rights may. be coniilderod no-
at tho rate of $10.00 an aoro. ;
For full Information application
should be made to the Soorotary.of.the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands;
_ i W. W. Oory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not bo paid for.
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosphonol ruton.i every nerve ln the body
,' . ,. „. . to Iti proper tension i reitorei
?}i^d.HliMiy,' a1"»«un» decay nnd nil sexuil
weakness averted nt once. l'hoinho<iol will
mako vou n new man. Prlco »3 » box. or twi fnt
J?- M»ll*d to anv «ildre«_i TUe8cobollI)r_i|r
Oo„ fit. UntlwrlMce. Out.      ,
";:-f-5-
.-- ?.*'
•to-
y Xyy yyy ,-.« '-ss^ ■ :•■*^^i-:1!^". .--\:7y
•-..'.' j\7 '"-> Ty 7777v_xl\jrAJtxO ""Sly'lr 'j S*X" "yX- X.
"FEkNIE: BEER ALWAYS IN-^OCKy
:.}■' 7r-     ;y Phone.i83/'F^:ahk,-Aita^^;o7,;'•:.7;777^
BELLEVUE
& Ranges
Goods and Stationery y
tv , Alberta
and Vegetables
To the People of Crows Nest Pass
is now prepared to ship to retailers
as well as wholesalers,^^Fruits and
Yegetabies in any quantity,  all in,
season;', ^y'1"'
BEETvS,   CARROTS,   GAB-
BAGES, CAULIFLOWER.
POTATOES, CUCUMBERS
ARE THE BEST
In fi-uits I have -Apples, Pluihs,
Pears,: etc. 'that'are;the best quality.;
7 ''
When'buying Fruits arid Vegetables ask your dealer for Lindley's.
SOLD  EVERYWHERE
Address, A. LINDLEY, Box 27, Creston, B,C.
*> r.
PRIE8T LYNCHED AFTER
8HOOTINO POLICEMAN
Attempting to Perform Burial  Rltei
Untraditlonnlly, Ho Routed
Mob'e Angep
MSnON. Sopt, 2.—»lBpfttchOH ro-
crtlvcd horo yoBtorclay from the Por-
tiiRiiKHb town of Aldnlft Obispo toll of
tlm puttliiR to dentil of t\ priest by nn
Infuriated mob.
Tho i-_trli.li prlp.it, It In nllOffort, nt-
tomptod lo ronduct n funornl without
tho tradition... burial rites,   and   tho
nUtlmvttton  nn,l   ll.,    .        ,1-       l>  If.      I    .
oMnrlnd, Tn tho nrnfflo \ih\ch rnnurd
tho prlflst. whriHc Riirplleo wna torn,
bont nn elderly mnn find wns plncod
under nrtost, On tbo protoxt of clmnnr-
Inn his stirpllco boforo ncconipanyliiR
ntl   nfflrnt-    thr>   nvlo'tt   Mvtit   )M*r>   *},n
proBhytory und Hocurod n rovolver
with' which ho Bhot tbo pollcomnn
dend.
Tho Inhabitants, Infuriated by this
net, Btormrd the pnrsonrigo, nnd nftor
soUIpr the prlr-st. lynched him. llurlnl
of thn hod), which was horribly mutilated, In tlie local remetory wan opposed by the iinptry erowd,
Season Starts Sept. 2
ARE
YOU
READY
Como in and seo our line of
Guns, Rifles, Ammunition
J.' D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture
7f\Y.30 WINCHESTER \
171      SMOKELESS
'■•„/.    iOFT POINT
P"''^
AND RETURN
$64.30
ON SALE SEPT. 4tty fifth and 6th
Good for Sixty Days
FIRST CLASS EQUIPMENT THROUGHOUT
itoowveit'H throat save out when
ho reached Terr.. Haute, Ind. ..n-
Bono v: DobB, iho Socialist candidate* j
for president. IIvp* at Terro Hnuto.
J. S. Thompson, Agt'
P.O. Box 305.   Te!. 161
i .^tHwMmnM*"**-1 l»**ti»
nn»S
m
S»B
»>AV
CREAM  AND
CONFECTIONERY
PARLOR
Coloman, Alta.
Central location, close to
Football grounds and
TcnnU Court
When In Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy boxfs
ICE CREAM
SOPT DRINKS
"   it -.--.-,..-- .^7--s  -.--    •' -■•- .<-  .   '."   '      --•■'   -.   -    ~ - ^    -    - -*- ' - - k. - .        '.y.x-'. i  '.'-«-       -J.   .!<-.- -  -  --   ^x.v. -    *      -- ,-.     \ .-. -._*--;   *■ .*-<-., .Vtt Z   *
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:'j*''   -   '
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE,B. CvSEPTEMBER 7,1912.
PAGE FIVE
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XSy
s 7.
■*':   *i.  -   ,  . :
1.7 :":-
MICHEL  NOTES'=
'♦ ♦.♦'♦',♦''♦:♦;*• ♦ ♦"♦ ♦•■
¥.7
i
Jack Eclestone and.Jack Oakley are
.once more; residents-of Michel,-'" 7.
__ - Bill,-. James and Bob .Yates are hunting on Smith. Creek, Fording., River
Valley; ; ■ \y 7 r .,'   °ly-y. S.-:, ■
•" Harry Prior stands a good cliance to'
win the. irieerchaum pipe given by: the
Michel and' District Anglers'"Association for the'biggest, speckled   trout
caught during "the season. He got one
Monday last weighing 3 ' lbs.713 oz.
This-will take some beating and Tve
guess Harry will be able tb discard his
clay nose warmer for something more
befitting him.    t Good old .Diike. .   .
District;Mine inspector-Thos. WII-
liama was in camp Wednesday making his usual inspection. '.■.-.'•
Harry Massey-and Richard Garbutt
sit oh the 10th" for second.class;certificates ,in' Alberta. ». .We. wish .them
every-success.      ■   .S.,]     . "y
"   Messrs.1 McCool, Kennedy and "Taylor, of New'MIchelI"'are taking In the
stampede at Calgary. . _,      5     -
Shy Thompson has resigned his position as,porter at the Great Northern.
Hotel. A His "duties are now being attended to hy, George Dechlora. . •; 7,r;
'7 Friday; last quite a number of resl"-*
dents were surprised to learn that Mr.
Jas. Stewart and Miss Marlon-Briscoe
liad that day been united in the boly
hond of matrimony, at Fernie."., We
wish tbein every happiness in their
'new state: . '"' . -,'ok-: '7' ■ ,
7.B. Tune leaves the beginning of next
week for the Old Country, where he
Intends taking a course in a mining
college.. I We wish him -every, suc-
■<ceB8." .■',-.,.."'
Nominations for District; Officers
willbe held in';Crah_t__*_j Hall on Sunday afternoon at 2 p.m. ■
Just to give the puoiic-an idea how
•some of the tinder officials hand the
dirt out "to those that, they, have it in
:fpr; we give the following.    A miner,
.well known to'all, asked for a leave of
two days, as per- the agreement,' and
„-on returnlng\to?wbrk after tlie leave
waa up, found tills lamp -was stopped.
;"However, as it was his -.Intention .to
quit=bn paydayrhe did not take the
•case any further. .    ,7,1 .7,- , yy.
l__Mark-GaskilI,^W_r_:^HamerrB.-BaIr
,-and George Whiting are camping out
-at Round" Prairie, *Elk7'River, ;'fbr. a
; week's fishing and" hunting combined.
"We hope their luck's in., / '"
^yWm. Branch, A..Mitchell, Hy. Ferry-
'man"and Hy. McAdam.returned Wednesday from a hunting trip, bringing
back with them five goat. ,-k  "
Chas. Salmo, who- Is supposed to
have the contract of a rock tunnel,
.which is being driven here,..met with
nn accldbnt on Thursday' night last.
A large rock hit him on the'leg, from
the round which they were firing,
hroaking it. This'was his second shift
that day.; How about the eight hour
'law?  •   " , 7 «
- s A foreman of the New Mlchol Sawmill Co. ww. flnod by.J. P. Corldll
125.00 and.costs, or thirty dnys for
assaulting ono of his workmen. Ho
paid the'flno. ,!     " '
,';' Two Italians, minors, wore charged
, by '.Mr. .B; Caulfield, superintendent
for tho Coal Co,, with breaking tho
8pocl.il Rules.    Tho mon appoarod In
front of Justice Burton, and wore flnod $10 and costs or Blxty dnys ln
Nelson,'    Thoy paid tho fine. '
' Win. Fouhoy, a brattlcomaii horo for
' n long tlmo, haB loft hero for other
parts'.
Lost wook an' amusing case" wns
< hoard boforo. Judgo Corklll at tho New
Michel; Court House.    Mr.1 Simpson,
of tho firm.of.Simpson and Valr, was
accused of taking n,chIclcon belonging
to tbo Chink proprietor of tho ronton-
•rout, whloh ho claimed as his own,
As thorb wns not enough evidence on
"Olthor Bldo tlio judgo confiscated tho
-tihlckon and gnvo It lo somo chnrltnblo
catiBO,
' Frank Carpenter, Wm. Illllmnn and
Frod RbBBltor nro taking   a   week's
hunt nt tho bond of Limo and Ewlng
€iv>okn.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ HOSMER NOTES ♦
nesday'tnbrnirig,' where h'e intends to
.retire for the rest of his life; ■ - ^ "
.There was not a great lot of decorations on Labor ..Day,, consequently' it
was not hard pn ihe;judges. The foi-'
lowing lwere-the prize winners':.^".lst,
Queen's'"HotelX2nd, Pacific Hotel.'-; -
;A grand ball'was held in i the Opera
Hoiise oh TLabbr Day, and proved an
immense'success. - Mr, *R. S. Gourlay,
Hosnier, and Mrs. Ecclestone,' -Michel,
were jthe prize winners for the waltzing -'competition. .-7"..-' ■■_„'-'■,-''
■' Only.two teams turned but.for the
football competition on Labor Day—
Fernie and Hosmer.' An exciting game
ended in a victory for, Fernie by 1
goal to 0. .. Great dissatisfaction camo
from Fernie,; because we had !,a local
referee. It was too. bad we did not
get one from Fernie.". . ' ..
' What did you say? You had a fine
dance over on the sports grounds;
well I waited patiently "for the man
with* .the drums to come along/ancf
there would have,been something do-,
Ing,1 but he' did not turni up. " Who is
the Joke on; they certainly found your
short suit this time. Never once bitten twice shy.'* -. r . • -7
■ The ladies connected with .the Presbyterian Women's Missionary Association met in the Odd Fellow's Hall on
Thursday when,Mlss Sutherland, Presbyterian Deaconess, and, Mr. B.' H.
■Wallace, missionary, gave interesting
addresses. ■• ' - 7
■. The committee are still waiting for
that-lacrosse guarantee. Come "on;
Frank, dig up-and be _t sport.
, The committee;'beg to' thank- the
Trites Wood Company, Fernie,.for tho
use of tent on Labor Day. .. 7
Prize Winners
Log.sawing—T. Daly.'"7
Boys' Race (under'10)—1, R. Jay;
2, A. Dunlop!   ■'.,.-     '      ."''■'
.Boys'race (under 16)—1, J.-McDou-
gall; 2,"s. Mole.''7" -'".j-   . ;   '-
Girls' race (under-10)— 1;. M. Dragon; 2,'B. Labelle. "        7. -,   .    /
-.Veterans' race^—1, R,-Adamson; 2, S
Censor.      /•'«";,   ''■«.>'•   ' ■.,"i •'  »
Single ladleB' race.—i, A. 'Solosky;
2, M. Dragon. ■ ^ ; -y, _-'
Married ladles' race-r-1,' Mrs.; Hartwell; 2,7 Mrs. Kay.   ; ;■ "  " '
Baby." show—1/ Mrs. .Kay;_ 2,' Mrs.
Hartwell; 3. Mrs.-Aveleda.    •-'-,-.,,
Bread Baking Competition—1. Mrs.
Anderson.   r- "'■ " ^   .   -.    ■.      -  .  •.
A fow IIoamoritOB mndo tho Journey
to Calgnry for tlio Stampodo last Rnt-
ijrdny.
A parly of C, P. It. officials woro
horo lnspoctlni. tho plant on Saturday
init.
Bad tlmea' for Iiosmor jiwt now;
W. PflrtHrti»<* lMill<*d wl for the ;.r:i-
Irlo country Inst wook,
Thore was qulto a liustlo umong_it
tho boya'decorating and getting things
In rondlnofls for tho sports.
FVnnV Owrn Mow' tt\tn («"'>: ».« $•.•?. .
day niglit to tnko in tbo spirts,
Illg Owon pulled out ori Tuosday
evening for tho Stampodo.
Tho local talont was woll to tho fore
nt tho sports on Monday last.
Tho lacronso gamo botweon Cranbrook nnd l'"orn.o was plnyod horo on
Labor Day, and * number of IncroBM.
enthusiasts journeyed from Crahbrook.
* The gamo was a pretty fair exhibition
of IftcrosBo, but Cranbrook were tho
Hiiix-rlor loam nml ultimately won out
l.y tho storo bf 0—0.
Tony Vemldl, bettor kno* n as "Old
k'ony," I'-tt tor th*. old country on Wort-
Baseball., (junior)—Femie.,.9; Hosmer,' 6.  .'%        ; -.       ■"   ;'
Football—Fernie, 1; Hosmer 0.;
100 Yards (open)—1, F. Brbuillette;
2,:,B. Ferguson, ,n        ■'.     /   , _.  ■ ''
High Jump—1', D. McLellan;. 2, Fer-
dano. v ': , -'',.'
* Hammer throw—1, D. McLennan; 2/
W. McDougall.
" One Mile (open)—1, Dubois; 2, Gordon; 3, Anderson. -    .
, Running Broad Jump—i, F. Broull-
lette; 2, Ferdaho.
' Putting the shot—1, Monahan; 2, D.
McLellan;' .-       ,-.
100 Ynrds (confined to DlBtrlct 18)—
1, A, Anderson; J. Dodd.   .
Apple eating contest—1, J. Ritchie;
D. Thornton.
Hop, stop and Jump—1, W. McOee;
2, D. McLellan.
4.0 YnrdB—I,"F. Broulllette; 2, A.
Anderson; 3, D. McLellnn; ■
, .Titg-nl-War—1, M. Johnson's toani;
"„ F. MosVer.
Pony rnco—1, Quoon of the Woods.
Horso race—1, W, ObappoH'fl CJ-:ccn
of tho Woods; '?., F. Kooesaby'o Oyoa-
loos; 3, R, S. Gourlay's King of tho
Plains.    , -
Tag Compotltlon-r-1/G. Rankin; .2,
M. Hudock; 3,-S. Lakey.
DecoratloiiB—1, Queen's Hotel; 2,
Pacific Hotel.
-Donations
P. Burns, $10; F. Pambrldgb, $2;' T.
McKolvIo, $2; T. Musgrovo, $2, "
BANKHEAD NOTES
Lnbor Day wns qulot horo, a largo
numbor of rosldonts taking advantage
of tho -chonp ratos to Calgnry, nnd ro
port a good tlmo at tho Stampodo,
J. W, \Vllklnuon, organizer for tho
Trndoa and Labor Congross of Canada,
cnllod lioro on hla way to tho Convontlon at Guolpli, Ont. On Monday oven-
lug bo nddrosBod an open mealing on
labor mutters, dealing particularly wltli
tho work nnd object of tlio Trndoa and
Uibor Congress, which waa listened
to with lntnro.it hy a good numbor,
Mr. Wilkinson roforrod humorously to
his provIouB visit, whon ho, with othor
delegates to tho Calgnry Convention
of tlio Trillion and Lnbor Congross, ad-
dresser n mooting In the hnsomont of
(no Uiurc.1, and siat«-t it wiib ono of
ihi: _.._-*. t__..raU-Y_iuur.' uiui)tin«« ho
li.id attended. Call again, Wilkinson;
we like* It.
An nddltlottAl day was granted to tho
school for holiday In ordor to tako In
Cue,C,4__k,.u;.  u^ttufiUiOriR.
Archie McKay hnd tlio misfortune to
got his thumb broko in tho mino this
wook.
Tho Rev. Dr, Buchanan preached tlio
sorvlco on Sunday last at tho Mothodlst Church nnd nl*r» rnv*» nn inlwit-
lng roport of tho missionary work In
IM* provlnc.*.
Tlioro tiro (.uno a number of miners
coming Into thc camp from Nova
Scotia, .i
Somo long arranged fishing trips
bav*. hud ta be put off owlnj. to <ni.«_iit-
able weather nnd kw»n rfliwpprtlnfm/,nf
Is folt amongst anglers.
♦♦♦»_»»♦♦
. The infant child of Mr-'and ;Mrs. A.
Rowley died on August 31stNand .was
burie-Pat. Passburg on the'2nd' inst.",,
Mr. J. C. Chester was a "Macieod
visitor on Labor Day.    S  •" - -\, '-'
1 A number of Burmis "people took iri
the dance at Bellevue on the 2nd and
report a good time.-* ."'' v
Quite a' number of rour - townsfolk
took in the Stampede at. Calgary, and
according to reports were very much
impressed with the proceedings.  ^ '- •
Jeo Darbj-shire and James Murphy
spent Labor Day at Lundbreck. "
Mr and Mrs. W. Cooke, Mr arid Mrs.
S. Stevens and A' Padgett spent the
.week-end on a fishin^trip to the'sbuth
Fork, and - procured a nice,,catch of
fish, tho ladies doing „ exceptionally
well. '       ■■ ■' '
Magistrate E. Disney6was a Burmls
visitor bn Wednesday.
•' Talk about puzzles and mazes and
other freak systems^of bawling' things
up, but'when.you are through come
down to Burmis and see the fun the C.
P. it. crews are having. ',-'-, a
; We were looking over a plan-bf the
City of Lethbridge the other day, and
bless us Jane, if some fool didn't' say
It reminded him of New York. He
observed, however, that it was a little
smaller; but then it has only been
"HaWh*"(ed). , . y "\
, W. Scott, while out' training his
horise for the- forthcoming race, had
the. misfortune , to be thrown, which
has "necessitated him having his arm
in a sling.     °     .   " '
Old Euclid himself could not solve
the problem of switching box can,
when ail the tracks are full up, aud
under the present system it is, a common sight, to see passenger tralna delayed." Tlie sooner the C. P. JR.. ilk
oide to vxtend their.tracks and atac;'.-..i
a switch-engine at, this, the,, progressive Wd of the Pass, the better it will
be.for all >nd;sundry.
OU!e Olson-'(the/'Blue Print Kil )
has been awarded the rcontrait fur
erecting the new tipple for theDay-
porfc Coil U'mpany, .and. will sta-_ a
gang.rf men*at work on same' immediately. ;  '  -   - '■     . -   - .   '
♦-♦■♦^-♦---♦^♦-<__^^i?%- +. V
♦ 'V ;   ~'' ,:  ♦
♦ ..BELLEVUE NOTES ♦
the' fight on Labor Day. '. It' started
at, 3.30 sharp as. advertised.-7'There
was a big crowd, the Socialist Hall be
ing filled to its utmost capacity. .The/attended the Bellevue dance on Mon-
afternoon at four o'clock held the first
service there.  ■' , '   -   '
A number ■ of - Frank young people
referee for the preliminaries between
Newton and Reece was James Burrows,-of Blairmore.'- The fight was to
have lasted five rounds for a decision.
Reece won in the third round, Newton
being disqualified."'' The main bout
between Freddie Beal and Louis Brit-,
ano was refereed by Bob Levitt After a strenuous battle, Britano -was
counted out in. the ninth round.
C. JI. O'Brien, M: P. P. for the Rocky
Mountain Division of Alberta, gave an
address to a large audience, in front of
the Southern' Hotel, after the fight,
and touched upon" the significance of
Labor Day.
Mr. Wm. Goodwin gave an at home
to a large crowd of friends at the ranch
on Monday last. After .the luncheon
recitations were given by Mrs. Geo.
Davay and Mr. Davie Davidson and
some good solos by Mr. W.' Goodwin,
Vv.-Newton a'nd.Mr.-F. Beale and wife.
There was some-.trouble at one of
the hoteis in town, on Monday night.
The police were at hand, but no one
was'arrested, as order was soon restored. . _ .'..,• - <
' The dance given in the Socialist Hall
on Monday night In aid of the Bellevue BantI was quite a Success. There
was-a large crowd and the Hillcrest
Orchestra furnished the music which
was pf agood quality for their first appearance. •       7:   y ,.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦
day.night and were disgusted with the
affair, and they returned. - There was
ho chance of. getting on the floor to
dance."- If the Bellevue fellows come
up here they might be shown" how to
run an affair of this kind.
Mr.'D. Brown, who has .been sick
for some time,' is now recovered and
Js knocking - about.
Attella Iramontina left here on Wednesday 'night for. Michel, where he is
going to work
The regular" meeting of the Locale den Cowin& must carry out the sen-
was held in the Miners' Hall last Sunday, but was not well attended. It is
about time that the Local was putting
on the fifty cent fine again.
COAL CREEK ♦
NO  ONE .WILL  SHOOT   HIM
'RENO/Sept. 3.--Warden George W.
Cowing; of Nevada State TPenetentiary,
faces the strangest, situation in his experience as head of the institution.
He must find five men to shoot down
a man in cold.blood before the twenty-
third of this month. Andriji Miro-
vich, a murderer, duly, convicted and
sentenced to death for a crime committed in southern Nevada was given
his choice of death by hanging or
shooting. . He chose the latter. War-
<►♦♦♦♦
- Miss-Annie Bridge, of Creston.-B., C,
is in town visiting her mother, Mrs,
Edward Bridge. - She Intends staying
some time. ' , ' -■'
. The C N. P. Cup, won by the Bellevue Football team on Saturday last,
arrived In town on Monday last and as
a consequence there has been something doing at both hotelsfIn the way
of beverages. v
Ray Burrows, who was operated on
a few days ago fbrnppendlcltus Is doing very well at tho hospital. ••
Tho Goodwin, who was referred to
last week In these notes was Wllllnm
Goodwin, not A. Goodwin.
The Rev. Robert Irwln, of Flshburn,
was In town on Thursday Inst,    , >
Mr, Charles Hewitt, who has been
residing in Bellovuo, omployed as tlpplo boss, has moved IiIb family nway
to Frank, whero ho has accepted a
position with tho 0. P. R.
Mrs. McKay and Mrs. G. Goodwin
woro visiting at Blairmoro on Saturday
night and roturnod homo by the local.
The BoIIpvuo Band.wont,.to Blairmoro on Saturday' ovenlng to nttond
tho garden party hold by tlio'Wosloyan
Church. All tho boys roport a vory
onjoyablo timo,
-.Fred Padgott, Arnold Varloy and
Hrnlo Flshor woro In Blairmoro on
Saturday night on business,
. nalph Mathlson was slightly hurt on
Saturday whllo following his occupation. Ho will bo all right in a fow
days, wo liopo.
Mr. Sam Flshor, lato of PnHBburg,
has accepted a position as fire boas at
tbo Prospect Mlno.
Tho Co-Oporatlvo Systom was Instituted for your bonoflt, Just try It
and bo parsuadod.
Mrs. Frod Wool wob In Blairmoro on
Saturday night on business,
C. M. O'Brlon, M.P.P.. wns In town
on Sundny lasti
Tliomna Urailloy, tho drivor bo»H ni
tlio Bollovuo No. 1 Mlno, In away on
his vncntlon. Ho will bo rotnriilrig
ngnln In a fow.dnys to tako up his
position again,
LoiiIh Plovodoro, who; has boon In
tho lamp cabin for some tlmo, Is nwny
at Lot-hhrldgo t/iklncr unto hlmooi. i
wlfo. Ho will bo returning In n fow
ii... it .ii-iil starting homo-mnklng with
tho beet wishes of his mnny frlonds.
The ftubjecl at tho Bollovua mo
tlioilist Church ou Sunday last was
"Labor and Religion." It wnn In nr.
w-iiHiiice with a roriuost sont out by
tlio American Federation of Lnbor to
all tho churches In tho country.
Dnvlo Davidson Ib In lho Cnmp
Cabin again for a fow days.
Kenny Campbell and wlfo woro visitor* In ttoltovuo on Labor Day.
Mr and Mrs,. Jnmos Mnchcll wont
Kait on tfic regular ou Monday last.
.Air. John Lonimer wnjj a visitor In
Bollpvue on Mondsy, on hiulnflne.
Doctor nnd Mrs. McKoiuto wore
visiting In Ilollovne on Monday. Labor
my.
Thor-. irnt unite a huttd. lu Ji_.ni ....
tlm towns around on Monday (o ti'f
♦ - ■   . FRANK NOTES ♦
♦ . .'■■'■ -     <*
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ «- * * «•
Miss Moyer, who quit . teaching
school school here last week, started
teaching, on Tuesday in the Blairmore
school.   ..
Mrs.n A. Rolfe left on Monday on a
visit to Calgary.-
The many friends of Mr. Manuel are
sorry to hear of^his sickness. He
was taken suddenly sick on Monday. '
Bob' McGowan and Billy Somervllle
spent Monday duck shooting, at North'
Fork, r     "   u ""    -  -  '
Mr. J. J:; Thomas' arrived here from
Chinook on Saturday to spent the holi-
day at his hom_e_in__Frank.       -    '■'•■■
Jake Wheeler is now busy in Belle-
vue.^buildlng'the Union Bank.    '
There was a big dance at the Sanatorium last' Friday, night, a farewell
for the retiring- manager, Mr Vinet,
who leaves for Calgary. {',-.,
On Monday evening a dance was
held ln the Miners' Hall under the auspices of. the Blairmore Gympasticus
Society, the proceeds are to'be used
In the furtherance of that cause.
Rev. C. H. Heustls, field secretary of
the.Lord's Day Alliance, was .in town
last Friday. He spoke In the Blairmoro Baptist Church that evening, and
a branch of the Alliance was organized with Mr. Gresham ns president and
Mr; Bartlott as secretary.
A number of the'citizens of the Pass
are gono to Calgnry'to see the Stampede.,., On Sunday, night Mr and Mrs.
Richardson and Mr. J.'W. Gresham
left. On Mondny Mrs., DrummB,
Messrs. I-I. Plnkney and Oliver.
Mr ,nnd Mrs Henry, and Miss 0.
Henry, of Klpp, aro visiting Mrs. Dubar this week.
Ono ot Philip Zomn'q children died
laht week from whooping cough, The
burial took plnco on TuoBdny' In Blairmoro. .
Mr, Charlos Patmoro Bpont Sunday
and Monday visiting In Crnnbrbolc. ,,
Mr. W, J. McGovnn loft on. Sunday
morning for Vancouvor, whoro ho In
going to attend tho Forestry Convention,
Mr. H. D. Mclfay, principal of Frank
school, roturnod on Tuosday morning
from St, Andrews, N.U„ whoro ho Bpont
his holidays, Tho school Is running ah
usual now, excopt that tho School
Doard linvo boon unnblo to Bocuro a
toachor for ono room, bo far, but aro
doing tholr best,
Mr. I, B. Goorgo, manager of Dlnlr-
moro Bank, spent Sunday in town, tho
guest of Mr. II, C. Mooro,
Mr. Hnrry RobortH has oponod up n
lawyor'B offlco In town noxt to tlio
Post Offlco.
Groat consternation wns caused In
town last week by tlio removal of the
Custom's Office to JlliilrmoM. Inspector Gmhnm nrrlvod In town and at
onco took stops for Kb removal. Thnt
wns tho flr«t anyone know of It, nnd
suvornl luul tlio aHmimnro of rwipon-
Hlblo pnrtlcs thnt lt would not bo tnkon
away. Tbo lending Conservatives nnd
rnnl oomivmlco v<i«* nf ti«»nf i? .--jj
an In town, got btisy ov«r tho wlro?.,
but tho Consftrvnllvo Party, llko nil
tho others when It is In power, doesn't
take any notice of such things, but
dews whnt it HkOH, At flrnt, tho Con-
sorvallvfri. trM to find nut whr. tt wm
tlmt .).id iwlllJail pull enough to got
It removed, but ono after another .declared Innoconeo. Tho most objoc-
tlonnhle pnrt of tho chnngo to tho
Frank |>oaplc Is that Mr. Bonch, who
hn.s ro long and so faithfully served
a., -..ih-volltclur bun-, ban hnd that
office taken from him, and ho receives
ii mino.' |>->»U..4in, *_...<■ Mr. SV. Hobortx
ban b<*n mndo sub-colloctor.
Mr. Stanley Rourkc and Mr. A- I.
T)Iril« nro attending tho Rtan-pcdo nt
Cnlgary.
Rov. W. T, Young law. week took
(_.<;- Uiu U^oii*lU,itil.> Ot tlitf <*.*rW of
the church In HUlcrost. and on Sunday
Two well known residents of this
burg had a rather rough passage io
Fernie by road last Friday moriiing.
Never no'more," says Joe. . '
■ Great disappointment was felt owing to the inclemency of the weather
on Labor Day which debarred a large
number of Creekites taking ih the
sports at Hosmer. Three of the ladies Intended shewing their offsprings
at the baby contest. ,
Labor Day was given over to handicap games In cbnectlon with the Summer Tournament now being run at tbe
Club.' ,       '."._,
.'Owing'to unforeseen circumstances
the football game between Coal Creek
arid Coleman did not take place on
Labor Day.
, In connection with the Mutz Cup, we
wonder,-in the event of Coal Creek
winning it, - if our own Professor is
contemplating buying a cup on his
own, as he has been seen frequently
referring , to, a catalogue of cups,
shields, etc. " Gpcd boy, Billy!
Billy McFegan has^left No. l.East
Mine and taken charge of No. 9.   Jack
Caufield goes across to No. 1 East.
. It seems a great pity,- after making
all necessary arrangements' for a" pleasant day's outing, to have things crop I
up to spoil all.    But never mind, dear, j
Tve'irstaT^aiTa~seTtheri-Ictures. ,"
Miss -Lottie Gray, of West Fernie,
.was visiting_up here on Labor Day. .
; Charlie Percy and wife, and family,
are living up here now, keeping house
for Mrs. G. Crabbed' who is away, in the
old country oria holiday." We hope to
see the -Male Concert Party at work
again now,,as they have got their
pianist back,'       »   ' y
, .The young iadies of the Coal Creek
Methodist Sunday School held an Invitation social on Tuesday night. 'Parlor games, etc., constituted a pleasant
evening! Light refreshments wore
served during the evening.
vThe sympathies of tho many friends
of Mr. nnd Mrs. Abner Horrock's (wbo
are old residents up here) go to them
lri their recent sad bereavement, having lost their baby through. summer
complaint, at Merritt,
. George Baker arrived In camplnst
night from London, Englnnd. Harry
is feeling quite proud now, nnd is busy
showing his brotlibr tho .sights, Bottor
bring iilm to tho club, Harry.
Jack Smith Ib back again at his old
job ns checkwelghmnn after his rocont
severe (Illness.
Tony Constnnzn, employed on tbo
tlpplo ,hnd the misfortune to havo his
thumb crushed on Wodnosday,   After
olng attended by Dr. Workman ho wns
able to proceed homo.
Mrs. Schrnmn nnd - daughter havo
gono to tho const for a vacation.
Mr and Mrs. Goorgo O'Brlon hnvo
gono nway for n month's vacation.
< Jack Slngloton Is laying off with a
sevcro attack of rhoumntlBin, Wo hopo
to soo you around soon, Jack.
teuce upon that date. »He has approached any number ot men, who have
absolutely' refused to undertake the
job of shooting down the human being. He is at a complete loss as to
how to carry out the death sentence.
' Cowing stated that he would make
an effort to have the matter brought
to the attention of the court, while
at, the same time he has been working
upon the condemned man to change
his mind and go to his death upon the
gallows. The condemned man refuses.
Cowing ls facing/ a situation which
has never before come up in the his-,
tory.of the State. ■ 7,,' • -■   7
- Mirkovitch, the condemned man, remains passive through it all. If he
must die, he wants to be. shot." Warden, Cowing-is at the end of .his wits
to meet the strange situation.
His name was little Pete, and he was
feeling "gay;   v
He swiped a bamboo fishing pole for,
which he didn't pay.
Then,into the mud he dangled.it without the least .ado,
When out thero bobbed a Bobby Blue
yelling, "Young man, I've.got
you!'; ,.
Across the road they struggled, but
Pete was feeling good,-
Not so the doughty policeman when
j sampling Fernie mud.
Little Pete—   '
On the Street—,    '
.   .      Pole—
'  ,   •   ; .  Stole!
Bobby Blue-
Face riie—
Mud—
" ,  .Thud!'
Don't forget to try Easton's
"      When you wknt
ICE CREAM,-ICE CREAM SODAS & SUNDAES
PORK AND "BEAN SUPPERS
FISH AND CHIP POTATOES SUPPERS
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.,
T.M. BURNETT
Dealer,In   _■,.-'   .
f-, - - ' .       -       -.
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  8c  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   (roods   at   lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
Alta.
Wo havo the largest and most up-to-dato
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.    Everything in
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.     Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK,  Alta,     P.O. Box 90
(Camp .Newt continued on pans 6.)
Dr. de Van'u Female Pills
A relliblt French r«ul»to/i never (alts. Theie
pill* ire exceedingly powerful tn reffulMlnir tlia
irene.itlvs portion ol tlia female ayttem. Keluie
ft.I cheap Imitation.. Dr. tie Van't are unit! ot
iKl box, orthr.fl for tut. Matted in any acld'ci*.
Tit* ScoJjhH I)rn« Co., HI. Cntlt-trli.tu, Ont.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman '$ trade
G. A, CLAIR :-: Proprietor
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society^ Limited
Groceries,  Dry Goods, and General  Merchandise
The People's Store
Owned bv
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
Wo invito tlio inKpooHon of tho
public to our stock whioh is alwolutcly
fresh nnd choice iu every particular.
Wo luivo
in the Pass. ,
Wo
ono of tlie finest storek
are in ovory way suited to
supply the public withncpmlit-y »'oods
at living; prices.     Could you expect
more T'l -■
Sy7
■ rf',,,;r.
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 7,1912.
.^ t -y.
CigafStore
W. A. INGRAM
A Flash of
Lightning
Is just as likely to strike
the house of the uninsured
man as that of hie more prudent neighbor. No building
is immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a lightning
clause attached to the policy.
Then you needn;t worry, every
time1 there is a thunderstorm.
M. A. KASTNER
Sole Agent for Fernie
.   Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist.
- ■ -   . ■     ' _. ,  ?
Barber Shop
Baths   , .    ,
Shoe Shine7
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazalwooa Buttermilk
'   Victoria Avenue  y
FERNIE, B,C.       Phone 34
Nothing Can Stop
the Coming bf;
Socialism y
REVISING VOTERS'. LISTi
I Livery, Feed
i and Sale Stables
■ _
v   First classHorset. for Sale.,.  §
■-- ■'      .     ;%
Buys Horses on Commislon     f.
. .  . -
George Barton    Phone 78 g
ASSAYER
THE PREMIER
FURNISHED ROOMS
Br~"Wr^wiDDOWSONrrA8sayer-ana"
Chemist, Box C 1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:—Gold, Silver; .Lead or Copper,
"11 each. - Gold-Silver, or Silver-Lead,
$1.50. -Prices for-other metals: Coal,
cement, Fireclay analyses on application. The largest custom assay office
in British Columbia. -
Every'convenience and.com.ort, Just
NEW "YORK, Sept 4.—James; Keir
Hardie, leader of the independent party
of Great Britain and one of its representatives in the house or commons,
who arrived iii this city .recently from
Montreal, .was interviewed at the home
of .Morris Hillquit, where he is stopping temporarily.
. The veteran labor leacer and pioneer
of working class representation in the
English parliament, will remain on this
continent about six weeks, during
which time" he will deliver a. series of
addresses in the United " States and
Canada. The greater part of Hardie's'
time will be spent in this . country,
where a great many of his speeches
will bo made under, the auspices of the
national office of ._.£ Socialist party
of the United States.        •■   >
Another .factor that has brought the
sturdy old labor champion" tb- these
shores is the marriage of his son,
James Keir Hardie, jr., to' Marion
Dalrymple Stoddart,, which took place
in Brooklyn the other day.
Hardle seemed in excellent health
and' highly enthusiastic over the prospects of the general Socialist movement. He was particularly sanguine
over Socialistv party prospects in this
and.his own country and smiled de-
precatingly wheu it was suggested to
him that many were of the opinion that
such moves as the insurance act of
England arid- the birth of the' upstart
"Progressive" party in America' would
hurt the progress of the revolutionary
political .parties of these respective
countries.       ■ ■
"Nothing can stay .the persistent onward , sweep ' of the Socialist movement,",, confidently asserted the labor
ite, "and whatever arises seemingly
to check its growth only;purifies its
ranks and makes it even more formidable. >.
.That-there is no such .thing in England as syndicalism and that Tom
Mann, reputed to be'1 the syndicalist
leader of that country, may be a parliamentary candidate in the next English elections, were, statements made
by .Hardie.       ; ' 7-
He declared that,recent general labor uprising-had been mistakenly described as syndicalism and that in this
erroneous judgment certain essential
facts have been overlooked.    •   -
"What are the general' conditions
of English working class?" Hardie
was as Red.   ' • •
"Recent" strikes," he replied, "near-
II ke being at home.   One block
from Posts Office.   Centrally located'
H. A.0WILKES,   -   Proprietor
PELLAT AVE.    '.'    -     -     FERNIE,
■; The Government of "Sir Richard.Mc-
Bride "will, at the-next session of'the
legislature, he afforded an opportunity
to prove to the-laboring. men", of the
province that Codlin's their.friend,'not
Short. , The opportunity.Is.to be afforded, by the presentation of a^petitiou
asking for amendments, tovthe, Elec-'
tion Act of the province arid with par-,
fibular reference to the matter of registration of voters: The petition-originated in: the.;East Kootenay.district,
and its sets forth in five specific and
easily understood clauses what amendments to the Election Act are desired,
, The petition is a -step.in the right
direction;, and .we aro of the' opinion
that' a large .percentage of'the qualified electorate, am'ongthem being many
whom the Fernie Ledger designates
as "those who would-'consider'it infra
dig tq be classified as workers," would
gladly sign, such a presentation. There
is really no need for'class distinctions
mong wage'earners, and it. is the class
known as wage'earners which constitutes by far the larger number of tins
electorate.    The Times nas consistently maintained that the righting of social and economic wrongs has come
about not so much as a result of paternal interest and sympathy on the part
of governments and corporations as a
result of the insistent demands of the
wronged,ones themselves. In the matter of the franchise the wage earner
in   British, Columbia   Is   grevlously
wronged, and the' petition is well designed to ameliorate some of the inimical conditions under ^which he exercises his citizenship.     As the law
now, stands six /months' residence in
the province is.necessary before a citizen can make application for registration, and such application   must'  be
made sixty days before the' sitting' of
the Courts of revision, ..which are'held
early - in May and November of each
year.'   Thus. a  citizen from   even   a
neighboring province'can be as much
as thirteen months in British Columbia-
before he can get-his'name on the voters' list.     The main sufferers are, of
course, the working class.
The-petitlon indicates many othor
defects in the.. Election Act, .which
should be remedially amended, arid the.
suggestions offered are admirably calculated to enfranchise and benefit a
large number of voters in other than
manual employments who are equally
handicapped by- the present regulations. We hope to see, the petition very
largely signed, and also that it receives fair treatment when'(.presented to
the government,'though we confess we'
are not fanaticallyoptimistic about the
latter hope.—Western Clarion.'
TABERs NOTES.
6
*. * ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
La'.or lay passed1 off .very quietly
in Taber. .There' were no - sports, of
any kind. The miners seemed to be
only working "men to-have a; holiday.
The*' men working on .the "sidewalks
were working as usual.- One of the
town councillors was asked the .reason1
for the work not being stopped; arid replied that they were in {.hurry.'as they
were afraid the frost 'would "come lie-,
fore the work, was 'finished. ," Of
course, they did "riot have -tiriie to do it
all summer, when -scores of ratepayers
were walking about idle. They had
to wait until now, and then deprive the
men of their.holida., Oh, well- who
put them in office, anyway?
The Taber Hardeware Co. are having a hew brick building erected close
by tho Bank of Hamilton.
„ Fred Whitcutt was a visitor in Taber
on Monday from Bow Island. ■• He is
lately from the"coast,'having been, out
there since February.. He reports conditions very bad., About three 'mem
to every job'.-and two land sharks, to
every working man. Fred and his
brother are going in for farming on
their land at Bow Island. '
Some Calgary' real estate men' are
booming Taber land just.now. A firm
from that- city '.have"purchased"eight
uteres adjoining the town on the south
tj ".    ' t
from Evan Ewanston, who homestead-
ed the land. -The price paid was six
thousand dollars. He sold Ms other
half some years ago for four thousand:
having
any tetter luck next tiriie, boys." 7"v7, -
We are glad to "see Albert able, to
get around again.   .... ',  -   . ■- *-
♦ COLEMAN   NOTES
-Mr. .T/iW.^HU'ey! was,'a7.visitor" to '/yC ,
Fernie oVSaturdayyl' *.'.:}• O. ySSyX,Vy'
Messrs. Mack, ^Hunter/Wm. Milley;V7','-'-">>,
FraseriVMcLeod.van^several^more^ff   ".., ".
the boys/leff.^Sunday.nightfor Cat-7 "* - -'
gary'.to attend; the" Stampede; 7 Hope!"}-' 7y
you~l»Yya-'g(^timethlare.yColemaa.'.y 7
is pretty" dull'iri" the -sports Hne-itself,.'7 \ '■■ . .
'"; Quite 'a^l_frge.7number7of,.the ,bby£(i 7. 7
took in the''^ports at'Hosriier'ori'^La- ' ,',.;';
bor-Day.7'' *>.y -Ty" ">. *■-' ";' 7^ .V-';"'':"   ""'■''■ 7
.A;big crowd of the "sport's "tfent tb<1,v ';.«*'.
1 ,1.     W , rt -   -"1 ' ......
Bellevue on Labor."Day. to attendrthe-77. y
boxing bout" there.'.'-';.,""-;-'"   ~v  ";'•''"-•■"'     y
ly all of which have been successful
xcept the last one, have brought about
a great improvement, not only in the
wcges of tlie workers but iri the con-
dlticns of .their employment."
'J
THAWS ANIMALS BACK'TO      ;
-^—-.. -I-ICF    _^gTFt|.CpCC7ll\|r.
Tho, land "will be surveyed (into lots
and placed'on the'market. It is iu-
mored around town that Larron, who
owned , a quarter section adjoining
Evanston, has sold to the same firm
for'eight thousand. .
The' Taber football, team went to
Grassy Lake on Labor Day and played
a draw game with the team from that
place.
The mines "are ..working every day.
The big mine hoisting about four, hundred tons'per day. The' somesteaders
have riot come in yet. - Several of the
best machine runners employed ' the
last' few' years; are not coming in this
winter;- they - have ' good crops,,, and
most of them have'some stock arid cannot get away. "• ' ■.: 7
.'Threshing is urider way in this,vicinity. • Rdin has put a stop to it for a
dav or"two.' "■■-''-'.■' :' ■   • '   '
♦♦»»»♦»»♦
..■■ ' .*'. *£ - ' -'       : ''
7 Mr, Wm. .Graham, secretary of Local
Union 2633, has been'^ appointed'as
delegate to attend the Trades and Labor Convention which meets in Guelph
on September 9th."       ■ ,  , ...
. A serious accident. occurred at the
International Coal Company's mine at
York'Creek, Fred Locke being the victim, being hurt by a fall of coal while
at work. We are glad to hear that he
is improving at time of writing.
There is quite a large number going
from herev to Calgary to take In the
Stampede.       , '     "
It looks'quite wintery here, at present The mountains are pretty well
covered with snow and the weather is
quite cold.   , "r- -       '■•,'"
Mr. AVm..Murr, of "the Coleman
Hotel, .went on a duck schooling trip
down to Pincher and succeeded' In
bringing homefabout 75 di>cks. Pretty
good for one day's shooting. ^> .
" "We , haye been ■ Informed'that' the
Rev. Mr. Murray intends to.sail from
Scotland on the 17tii to'_ take up his
duties here again, after several months
visit to his old home there. .._ • -^
" The town is busy fixing up the
school grounds and the janitor's house,
which looks fine after a good;coat pf
paint and .other improvements.- / The
carpenters are getting along "fine with'
the new addition .to the school building. t      '.        .  •        -        '  .   .    -
Miss Augusta Paul has returned from
her visit to her home in Springhill, N.
S., and taken up her duties here in,the
school.
.Miss McDonald,-also of Springhill,
N. S.,rhas secured a" position here on-
the. teaching staff.   . .-.-'..
.Miss Beck, of Taber, who lias been
visiting friends here, for some lime,
returned to her home on" Saturdav.-
Minnesota suffragettes , have - adopt-.,
ed a new. battle "cry:, 7 y 7'.-'y -7
Darn the government'; ,'darri the sox,; ,'■
That's the .way to!"the' ballot" bos; ■.__'„'»
Patch the hole's in hubby's'hose;7 '-v
March to ' the polls.and voice your'
•'   woes.'", 7 -•' ■       ," ' 7 T  -
SMoft'sGure
crnne nniinue heals the lungs
9lUr3 IfUUliHo price; 2s cents
[diseases, of men{
• l   ■
- M&*1
•fl.
fi,
?£*
?
V   '
^___.'. __ESk ______
«
1 '/
i^Sc^y.ni
*   .   7
t- .   1 1
mm
' "3"
ti
1   -a
5*'        1
O i'A
l   ,    r+
u_i_
m
Even as a
receives less
good
Who is your Printer?
T^O YOU recognize good printing? That is,.
do you realize the value of good printing
in the transaction of your everyday business?
There is a stereotyped .phrase about printed
matter being your silent salesman,
slovenly appearing traveling man
attention than the well dressed one, a
piece of printing carries greater weight with the
reader than the same matter when poorly done.
A number of things combine to make printing effective—good papor, up-to-date type faces,
forceful typography, good inks and timo and.
care taken through each operation. Timo is
the biggest item in tho production of printing;
good printing costs moro than thc othor kind.
"Bnt as a well-dressed window or a forceful ad-
vcrtismoiit creates more sales so will good
printing pay for itself in increased business.
The District Ledger solicits your patronage
oa the t>a*i* of GOOD printing
at fair prices
Watch fof our series of articles on Advertising
\m
SOFIA, ' Russia:-r-Alexander Bach^
metieff, Russian professor of biology
in this "city, declares he has discovered
a method of. restoring refrigerated
animals to life, "He has; produced a
condition' which ".he. calls anabiosis—
death but riot irretrievable death.
When this sensational discovery develops lt may be possible, he thinks,
artificially to freeze animals "to
death"-- for purposes',of preservation,
yet to restore them to life at will.
Prof Bachmetleff's .discovery is vouched for by Dr. A, Kahna; who has lately returned to Moscow from Sofia.
Bachmetleff has himself been transferred to Moscow University; and will
shortly give a full account of his discovery. , , <-•
The fnrthest Bavchmetleff has so
far got is to freeze healthy bats, keep
thorn for a time with their blood' turned to Ico and then revive them. The
bat Is a mammal and physiologically
allied to the higher animals. For that
reason Bachmetielf hopes Jo succeed
with other mammilla, On this basis
the day mny thorcforo come whon refi'i
geratcd cattlo will bo sent not ns car-
crshob ncrosH tho oconn, but as,animals in a state of "anabiosis," to bo
fattened on now pastures in the lnnd
of tholr- destination,
nnchinotloff's first oxporlmonts
wero with refrigerated butterflies,
bultci'.llos woro enclosed In a vosBt.1
containing nlr nt a tomporaturo of
minus 22 cleg, cent, In the vessel
wns nn Instrument for signalling wlion
tlio butterfly body temperature foil
to minus 10, Tho hody fluids wore
then 'turned to Ico nnd tho butterflies
In tho ordinary boiibo, woro dead.
When treat oil by a systom in which
Bi'iuliinl homing was part thoy' camo
to llfo ngnln. If tho body tohipomt-
uro wiih allowed to fall moro than ton
doKrocB below fioozlng point tlio ox-
pei'Inu'iit fulled, Tho grcntosl sue
crhh was attajjjed whon tlio temperature foil nbout minus IV_i dcarocB.
Two Hundred Frozon
Fmni liiHoctH Dnchmt'tloff proceeded
to nanii-Uooihtd anlmald. Tlio bat
was chbtiL'n nu moBt likely, becauso
llko InHcr-tH it hns nn Inconstant blood
foinponitiiro. Two hundred bntH woro
"frown to il with" und kept frozen a
moro or lean loni? tlmo nnd I hen revived.    Only In a fow cases did tlio
Ih- .ia:- jx... yv\ ju'cu'cfl llint7inlronlB
such nn h.iocjj or horses cnn bo refrigerated and then ravlveri. Uo roasont
thnt tho nnlmnls mint first lie glv<in n
tendmiey to winter Mecp nnd torpidity
.«1      ,f   T ! • ».. it . .       f   ,        I.. I _.,......
>_...»      .....      1,  .      _. >    .^..i.^.. i,... ^     w j       »,.*..>-»'**
small qimnttticii of carbolic acid into
tho blood. ,.
"Annblouli" Is, however, not tho
inmo thlni; as hibernation. In hibernation the body temperature I» always far above tero. Bachmetlcffi
refrigerated animal* are genuinely
dead unit it allowed to thaw by ordinary pror«ns they would remain tm dead
at an Alplno traveler who hat lain
trottn nil elfiht, Neverlbolwt, If tfct
frwilnB and unfreeilnf have boen ear*
rl«d out on certain principle* tbe <U*d
wturni to life.
a
h
[
I positively cure three-fourths of
11 the cases that are absolutely in-.
curable by any methods other than!
those I-employ .'I do.not care \vhol
ihas treated you ov how long or byj
what ineans. he > has .treated you,
Ithe probability is that T can curel
iyou, and I. will be' able to  speak j
definitely in ,the   matter when I]
'know tlie details of yonr case.'
Write for Free Book
If you can't call at my office:
write' for my book, which describes'
py method, AH letters are given
special-attention..
DR. KELLEY'S MUSEUM
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.
J
.'Joe Fearnes has",begun work at the
Canada-West as machine boss. He has
been at the Eureka the last two years
in the'same,capacity. .--" -7V   -   ',
Jack Bell Is back, after a few'months
on the C. P. R., '' "
The "regular meeting of Local 1959
was held on Sunday. The., routine
business was gone through and nominations for district officers were voted
on.. With one exception the old officers were nominated. For sub-district board Harry Brooks is the nominee of this local, Taber has not liad
a representative on the board for several years. The miners of Lethbridge- have the majority vote and
always elect their candidato. We hope
that this time we will be able to meet
one another half way. Brooks Ib popular In Tnbor and well known to many
of tho miners nt Lothbridgo.
Taber Local 9, P. of C. moot on Sunday, September 8th, nt two o'clock, for
business and ccouomic'dlscusslotiB;
; hosmer:    ;
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let us know your wants.
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Attention.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
CORBIN   NOTES ♦
Mrs, White hns tnkon hor son to
Spokane, whoro sho will lonve him at
college.
Mrs. 12. Roberts nnd son, Edward, arrived bnolc from Spolcnno. Sorry tp
hour of tho sickness of her baby girl,
who hnd to bo left behind,'
Miss Lizzie McLean hns loft tho Corbin Hoarding House ami is nwny to ro-
sldo with her slstor, Mrs. A Millar, In
nosmur,
Mrs. Harry Allan, a woll known resident in Corhln, Is giving "up Iho hoarding house IjiihIiiohh, Slio Ik going to
tnko In tlio sights of Modlclno Hal
boforo Journeying to tho Old Country.
Jack JohiiHon, who Is succeeding hor
In tho boarding Iiouho, Ir a busy man
those days? Jack Is our whlto hopo
now.
Mrs. Smith and son, .Morion, nro
away to Spoknno on n vUlt. the son ro-
mnlnliif. behind for College.
Tlio Btork njmln vlsltod up hero this
wt'el. and loft 11 flno baiincliiK hoy to
Mr nnd Mrs, Fred Oliver. Mothor nnd
child both doliiK well.
What prlco Hilly starting up n now
homo.    A fow anld ho was going ,to
I'ftt   wiri'tort    lint   l-niwi.   ff\   ri\i.   \t'n   rin\
tlio enrto. Mnrrlnpro pnR»ponr>d owlnti'
to ,tlio glrl'fl belongings going astray. •
Mr. Hollgnn, our melodramntitt, wag
going the rounds of Corbln. An per
usual lio hflB somo glorious tales to
toll      N'n T>nslllf.v.ItT.I1v nhnnt lilm
A few reported being at n stampodo
on Sundny upon thc hill. Anyhow,
torno   or   them   looked vory torIou_t
—needy. I mean.    II y mutt luivo
been thrown t\ fow timet,
Wo tea Miles looking around again,
Bimply enn't atay nwny Irom thia good
place,
Tbo mines aro atlll on slack timet',
scarcity of cart being tbo cauie.
Quiet a few journeyed to Hostaer to
tak* In th« a port a* on Labor Dny.
A few buntcrt went out a-huntlng
jreaterday, bnt am came back with etnp-
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund',...
D. R.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
6,000,000      Capital Paid'Up ....       6,460,000
6,460,000      Total Assets ........ , 72,000,000
WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prea.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA"
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Qolden, Kamloops, Mlohel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO, I. B. BELL, Manager
HIGH GRADE DI CYCLES
John Minton
FERNIE BICYCLE STORE
Repairs Neatly Executed
Sond Post-card for catalogues ot following! wlioolh':
CLEVELAND BRANTPORD.
DOMINION,   PERFECT,   0, 8. A.
MA88EV 8ILVER RIBBON.
Cycles on Hire      ::       Accessories,
U   11.   rUTNAM
Barrister. Solicitor* Notary Public, eto,
nt. MnMonp,
MTA
JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., LOS.,
Office: Henderson Block, Pernio, B.C.
Hours: 8,30 to 1 • 2 to 8.
..        .
Renldencn: 81, VietoMii Avenne.
:_
$10C Reward, $100.,
 -Ur* »l UU B»p»? 'Hit b* pU*»*J	
t iter* u »l ku. __!« dmd-d 41m_jm that Ktwn
tlM mA*r* «t UU p»p»f »til b* ptM_«4 ts Uut
u_ti iter* u »l t*Uf ti» ilmd-d 41h_um that umt*
Et» b*M »M« W Olf. M Ml IU fU|M, W4 Uwt M
Oiurrti. IKN-i niurrk Oim ta th* enljrIrwuKuw
-nil* i>n» Imftwn W im «m>AimI lr»_*m»», i_»urrn
iiint a (MKRutiatul «nm_w, nvmm » mmuii»-
UMd trMitaMt.   IMtt dunk bum If uk« to.
 illffiljr tijMin tn» MivM nnd miie>iui
M<
_     rtttt M im conttr* pvmUut **»_-_.
Om n<w4tM DoOtrt tor uiy mm tlut tt lui ts
^^tew	
ECKSTEIN A MaoNBIL
Barrlatera A Solicitors, Notaries, Ao,
Offices: Eektttln Building,.
Fernls, O.C.
f, C Lawo
Alox. I. Flthor
LAWK A FI8HIR
ATTORNBY8
Pomle, S. C
■i.
7.7f_ --s».v.
THE DISTRICT,LEDGER,,FERNIE, B. 0., SEPTEMBER 7. 1912.
PAGE SEVEN
i) ,\-
Beware'of
Imitations
Sold- on the
Merits of
Minard's -
Liniment
Passburg
Hotel
.'-.' You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
'Food and every -.7
attention   7
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
"Tf
' &~
One of the
Bfest
C. J. ECKSTORM.     Prop.
: Lethbridge, Alta.'.
French
*<k-<
LE DEVELOPPEMENT-
.: 7 7      DE   LMNDUSTRllTy   7;
y .. , MINIEiRE AU JARON
Le Commerce de Charbon-'
L. E. McDonald
p,
r Wholesale Liquor Dealer
. "V,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
7 \Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
HORSESHOEING
GENERAL  . BLACKSMITHING
-       ^ and   „ ,' y
CARRIAGE   BUILDING
1 , l
Expreesand Delivery Wagon* t
Speciality
SIN
E 11
& E R
E WI N &
MACHINE   CO
WM.     BARTON
A__renta   Fernie   Branch  .
£ Pellatt    Ave.- North
* ■"    - .    ""■'■■..
TTTTTTTTTtTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT
♦ <*> + '* * * ♦ «; * ♦ ♦ ♦ <(►
1,
♦
•I
Dairy
FRESH   MILK
delivered 7 to r all
. parts of the town
Sanders & Verhaeit Brothers.
Proprletore
% I Cole
BELLEVUE
1
»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<»♦♦ ♦♦♦
On
Southern
H 0 f E L
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Evory
convenience
.I
and
attention
Meals that .tasto liko
mothor used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jot. Grafton, Proprietor.
Hair Dressing*
Pool \\
; Billiards    v ./.
Cigars
Tobaccos
'     '  ,        * X"
1 Bowling Alley
Drop In
'La. Chine, en 1902, a-achete.au Jaii-
on pour'17,500,0*00 francg-'die-charbon,
Hong-Ko'iig 12,500,000.. fr.,1" les-.Strait-
Settlement 6,250,000 _r.,"le_.*Philippines
2 millions de fr. ' '-7  •'•.,''^
- Les capitalistes. ont-'la' ferme intention d'exploiter, leurs" richesses ■ en
houiile'de la facori la plus-intensive.
Dans" le district charborinie'r. de Kin-
skin on constrult deux puits a char.
bon; l'un, celul de Wakamastsu, destine, a alimenter directement.les usi-.
nes metallurgiques, dem'andera-o_millions pour son amenagemerit; \l'autre
sera constrult a Omuda par la richo
comjiagnio do Nitsul et coutera '._,'.">
million!, de francs, .il-servlra'de de-
bouche aux pulsBiintes mines de Mu-
uie.   ' S:y ' ■ y  - '•   .
Lo prix do la, tonne, sur1 lo carrenu
do ln mine, est do 17 fr, 117 cent. Ce
charbon est-employe dans la. plupart
des grands etabllssementa industriels,
de la Chine, dans la .plupart des usi-
nes a Gaz de San Francisco, de,nombre d'autres des Etats-Unls, sur la cote
du Paclflque, sur tous les rivages Ju
Grand Ocean} des malntenant deja.il
fait une concurrence" acharnee- aux
charbons anglais et australlens^
Or- void le revers del a medaillo;
les salaires des ouvriers mineurs de
la-bas, comme du reste ,tous les, salaires au Japon, sont des salaires hon-
te'ux;-aux mines --de Mukie, les plus
prosperes, les ouvriers gagnent un
franc soixante-dix centimes par jour,
les fils des mlneurs adolescents qui
travaillent avec leur pere" au fond de
la mine sont payes quarante-huit centime's par jour.» •' / . , , .
'%- La valeur des prodults^
Annees tonnes «globale d'ouvriers
Production Valeur Nom. total
1883 .71,003,000-' 11,113,200 - '21.500
1893 ..3,317,000 20,109,600 \ ^70,500
1900 . .7,429,000 ' -62,798,400 120,560
avec un rendement annuel par ete de
100 a 105" tonnes de charbon. ■
Mais aussi, la-bas s'annonce 1'aurore
des.temps nouveaux, Ie capitallsme
des Mistcui fait son oeuvre: les pressed jaqonaises tirent sans relache les
traductions du-Capital, de Karl Marx.
.-. 11' est' esperer qu£ leB ■ mlneurs-, du
Japon comprenant leurs1 droits et leur
interet "appartiendront bientot _ a _a
grande' famille intcrnatiqnale des. par-
las de la mine, car la cause de la situ
atlon malheureuse' des- ouvriers* mlneurs du Japon est le.maque d'organl-
sation syndicale..,- — * ., . .
: Don"c7"c'IsrX*nouTf travailleurs con-"
sclents de la mine,,a entrer dans notre
syndicat' si nous voulons 1'amelioration
et 1'emanelpation' de la condition ouvriere.—Louis Artoos. " :
vane delta Germania.'-ma'conta gia 25
mila membri.' La" legge non toll'era
pero scioperi .in' quest-unione, "e una
serva viene" arrestata j_e lascia.la sua
padrona senza avvertirla un'dato numero di giorni" prima,-,,, -    .-, -. --..-7 ' '■
f Durante il 1911, dalle minlere deibi
Pennsylvania furono -estratte-, 142,200,;
000 tonnellate di -.ca.rl.one bituminoso.
Nello stessa periodo di temper lavon.-
rono in quello Stato ,182 mila uoraihi.
GOLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesalo Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
20
481
4.11
_1G3
041)
2227
1387
2033
?*77
1120
8178
S3H
J20_
1407.
1058
674
mi
tS29
m\
837.2
tm
L'ORGANIZZAZIONE
."  E'
NECESSARIA
sciopero, per mezzo
di por fine alio
dell'arbitrato. ■     "     ,'    l   '', "   - ••"■'
;< I.'proprletari delle miniere present-
eranno.una lista di homhal Governa-
tore, dal quali saranno scelti i membri della..epmrnissione-arbitrale e 'i
minatori'faranno altrettanto. r','> ■
La'Commissioue interreghera le'due
parti e dopo mettera il siio parere sul
modo come si possa rivolvere la v'er-'
tenza. " -'
Italian
CRONACHETTA OPERAIA
NAME SEC. and P. O. ADDRESS
Dnnklioud .,  Pt|JWhentloy, nnnldiend, Altn.
Beaver Crook  D, Kemp, Denver Creek, via Plncher.
TWOIovun '. .T. fliirlrn, t-Hlivn^ PrRT'.V, AU."..
ninlrmoro  W. L, Evnno, T.IHa, AHn.
IJiirnils.,,.,....... .1. MnRdnll, Pasiburg, AHn,
Carbondalo J. Mitchell, urbondnlo, Coloman, Alta.
Canmoro  N, D. Thno link. Cnnmoro, Altn,
Colomnn ,. W. Oraham, Coleman, Altn.
CnrWri W  Ttntitn rt. Cnriitn   \* r
Chinook Mlnoi .... V. Kelly, Diamond City, Alta.
Diamond City Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
Fornlo Tbo«. Uphill, Fornlo, 11. C.
Frank.. Jai. Kennedy, Frank, Altn.
Hownor W. llBldordtone, Honmor, n. C. '
IHUcrcit,    George Dnmborough, Hlllcroit, AUa.
UthbrldBO h. Mooro,   804, Blvtecntb BV, North .'-othbrldfie.
l^hbrldge ColllerleB Frank DArtnctiam, **c„ via,, Klpp, Alta,
UIIp  W.!__ Kvanii, Mile, Frank, A1U
Mnple.UeAf , J. MflRdall, Paitburar, Alta. '„
M lehel.. ......... M. nurrcll, Mlebel, ». C
Poaibun.  J. Magdall, Paiiburg, A1U.
Ilojnl View Thoi. D. Fl _>Ur. Royal Colllorlttt, Lothbridge, Alt"
Taber.  A. Fattmo n, Tabor, Alta.
•lfcWr J»».  Wll ton, 'faber, Alta.
Nel 4 mlla stablllraontl Industriall
di San Francisco, Calif," vl sono pre-
sentemente mpiegnte all'lncirca 25
mlla donne.
# #   *
Sl lia da Tellurite, Colo'., cho Late
Crandall, "boss" della mlniera
"Lewis," sltuata a erica 12 miglla la
quella clttadinn, e Charles Paproksl In
causa dl una falsa mossu doH'nscen-
soro sono preclpltotl al hassl, rlraan-
ondo orrlbllmento sfrncellatl.
# #   # v
'■ Nel porlo dl Tilbury, Inghlltorrn, ve-
nordl scorso avvenno una lotta accanl-
ta tra facchlnl sclopernntl e facclilni
cnimlrl. Quostl_ ultimi ebbero la
pogglo e dovottero fugglro prima oho
la forza pubblica potosse Intorvonlro
o dlfcnderli. ■' Sl obboro una novan*
tlnn dl fcrltl o numorosl nrrcBtl,
# ■ #   #
In scgullo nd un nmlchovolo nccor.
do, dopo pochi giorni dl sciopero l' fnc-
chlni del porto di Port Krloi Pa„ boho
tronhtl a lavoro,
Nollo Btazlonl forrovlarlo dl Port
Arthur 0 fll Fort Wllllnm, Ontario.
Can ml a, % Bcopptnto lo nclopero del
fncclilnl, In numoro dl mllle. 1_hhI
chlcdono un nunionto'dl 5 soldi nll'orn
per 11 loro lavoro.
# #   •
1 forrovlerl dell o IU llnoo cho fanno
II Horvlzlo nl buiI dcll'Olilo od allTCst
dol MIbbIhbIppI Htiuino congetluraudo
uho nnlopero Roneralo bo non vorra
loi'o accoi'dnto un iiumcnto dl pngn,
» , •   •   •>'
I tramvlci'l dl CIiIcuko liniino fatto
Biiporo Mllo ronipngiilii clio entio una
Botthnnua fll mottornnno In Bclopnro no
non verntmiu coiict.-HKo loro ult-uiil
rnlglloramentl cd un aumento dl itni_ii.
# t   *
1 rnppreftcntnntl del mlnatorl del
Wyoming Scltontrlonalo, dinanto una
rliinfono lomitnal  n   Slierldnn, Wyo.,
, In'alcune grandi^citta degli Stati
Uniti gli Italianl sono stati-molto for-
tunati; iii grazia della loro organiz-1
zazione poiitica, essi sono..riusciti- a
farsi prendere nella' dovuta consider-
azione, e parecchl sono stati elettl a
cariclie d'importanza, cosa questa cho
ridonda ad onore a loro stessl ed al
connazlonall.   *
Attraverso gll Stati Uniti vi e una
grunde nrmata, dl elettori Italian!;
sono migliaia che non attendono che il
sognalevper formaro un'ulleanza cogli
altri connazlonall per creare con ess!
una. glgantesca organlzzazione, Indi-
pendente dn ogni partito poltico o col
prop'osito dl nppogglare quel partito
che e jiu favorevole alia classe operaia
ed agll Italian!. -\ ^ .
■ Il voto Italiano ha un'impoitanza
conslderevole quando si rlfletta jjl.e
in ogni cltta in ogni Coiitea, in ogni
Slalo deH'Ainerica del Nord vi sono 'a-
bonosi nostri,, cbriaazl_null 'i quali
sono cittadlnidi queste terre e per
conseguenza eletorl.
Se fosse possibile riunlrli tutti in
una grande e.gigantesca lega, la loro
forza allora'Verrebbe'riconoscluta ed
apprezzata ed aumenterebbe gionu.1-
mente il noBtro prestigio. .,
A somiglianza degli immigrant! Ir-
landesi, Tedeschi. Svedesi, ,ecc,, ai
quali vlen data la massima consldera-
zione, perche non la1 si dovrebbe dar>.
anche" agli'elettori Italiani, 11, cui numero e^press'a poco eguale a quello
delle altre nazionalita? -
Cio avverra Indubblamente, In un
futuro non molto lontano"; anzi, sin da
ora, in,, questa attuale ,campagna, se
gli Italianl, che per il passato sono
rimasti indifferent! ed apaticl, alze>
anno e faranno sentire la loro voce.
. Si faccia ■ in modo che si formlno
delle forti leghe politche in ognict.a
senza dlstinzione di sesso, di partito o
opinlone. Ad opera compi'ita, si no-
m'nino t'ei Comitati Escutl.i per sp-
purnre la beAemerenza e le abillta'del
singoli Ciind'dati. ..Se 'da.iInvestlgit-
/•one risu|tt. che .qualcuno (i essi sono
sinceri e etrenui di fenso'i desjli o,-
erni,'ar,cra'->queste, leghe,hanno I'qh-
jJJjiq dyappoggiarii—s—di—alutarli—in-
tv.'o-lo maniere" possibi'.i.- 1» cas-),
c^.»i.'."ici c.'ueste lesjlie de'^um ';;oi!i-
batterll a tutta oltianza;"esse nulla
debbono tr'ascurare per hoCfocare . ie
vane ambizionl di quei candidati che
vanno contro il popolo per proteggero
solo i loro Interessl e quell I di pochi
altri.'"   '., ■"
Fra i membri, di queste leghe rtov-
rebbesl scegllere qualcuno d! riconos-
cluta abillta e nomlnarlo" candidato a
qualche carica: so rorgauizzazione e
sollda e compatta,- egli riuscira nd ottenere la carica desiderata.
Nulla havvi da perdere, nia vutto da
guadagnnre nel fondare leghe pol III-
cho Itallano in ogni citta .degli Stati
Uniti,
E' tempo cho 1 lavoratori prcndaio
parte nttiva nella poiitica',' cho sl unla-
cano, che combattnno-concord! e ben
dlBcipllnatl: essi ncqulsteranno mn.M'-
giore oBporlenziv por lo battngllo del
futuro nell'uBo della loro'Infuenza e
del loro volo, die bIiio ad orri o stato
male usato dato- clecnmento, alia car-
lona, con gravo loro dnnno, porcho ud
nltr non sorvlva clio a rcnderll ■ mug-
glormento schlavl o ad nsBoggott.iril
sompro plu al dlsoncsti polltlcnntl oil
agll Bfruttntori delle mnsso opernlo,
I lavoratori dovrebbero imprimoibl
bono nolln momorli. cho la loro vera
t'orza coiiBiBto nel voto. T.o aapplaun
qulndl iiBnro con .aflscnniitczxa!—Ru-
gone Demo,
-, La -Fernie succursale della Tne
Canadian Bank of Commerce e pronta
ad emettere, speciali Vaglia del1 Banco
di Napoli i quali sono garantlti dal governo itallano e vengono pagatl a qua-
Islasl.iifficlo'postale o alle principali
banche d'ltalia.
I oVa'glia' sono c'messi dietro richiesta
senza ritardo e fostituiscono il mezzo
phi slcurb per spedlre 11 danaro in Italia polche vengono adoperatl larga-
mente per questo scopo dagll emi-
grantl italiani In tutlo 11 mondo. -(, Par-
ticolari' plu dettngllati circa 1 suddetti
Vaglia vengono,dati dalla Fernie succursale della The Canadian Dank of
Commerce o da qualsinsi cousile italiano. . .
subject might have a moderating effect.upon the' climate.'
.. Now- that Bible students have, Ie;d
the way, and invited the press and the
pulpit to record their.belief or unbelief
in Hell Fire the way may.be opened
for a- declaration on other matters
which', are driving thousands out of
the. church and into sceptism. One
of the chief drawbacks to the progress
of the church' is the Jack'of candor in
discussing such"subjects as Hell Fire,
infant damnation, Sabbath observance,
and others.. Nobody.believes in Hell
Fire. I doubt even if those fierce old
Presbyterian, preachers, ■ who terrified
my boyish dreamy by their graphic
descriptions' of the lake of fire and
brimstone themselves believed in actual Hell Fire, though their descriptions of it were so realistic you could
almost think they hadiieen there and
had had a swim In its boiling contents.
—Bruce, in "Saturday Sunset."
SOCIALISM
Socialism, Socialism,
Vlew'd'1 by. many with scepticism,
Yet spite of all man may contrive
The dawn of day will soon arrive.
Death itself cannot stem the tide,
The, end must come what'er betide.
Then fight the fight, all ye .who can—
A living chance for every man.
. . k'
If air we breathe were bought with
.,   '      .sold,   y.
My tale, alas! would ne'er be told; "
Why all this cry of want of food?
When all around is plentitude;
Who endow'd thee to,rule my life,
To slowly starve my child and wife,
To blast our hopes, until with shame
We claim our own—a pauper's name.
^ , ••
A chance! A chance! is man's one cry;
A chance to live before we ale";
And then we.hold our naked back   .
of     the     large '   capitalist     papers
For them   to ,. whip - with murd'rous
crack.'.    „
They drown our cries in joy and mirth;
We' dry our tears beneath the earth.
A chance?   Then upland.regain it, "
Ami with thy life's blood retain it. .
Oh blessed, happy, glorious.day^--,7
When things   Jn- "common   hold   the
. - sway,     -7
When man to.man,shall"brothers be,
Joined In the'bond of unity;
When  strife" shall • cease"aiwl  peace
"London Punch," unburdens itself,of
the following dialogue:'
First Cocter—Well, pore old Bill's
goiie.
• Second Coster (scornfully)—Pore,
indeed! Luckiest bloke In the market.
Couldn't touch nuffink wiout it turned
to money. Insured is 'ouse—burned
in a month. Insured 'isself again
haccidents — broke 'is harm fust
week. Joined the burial society larst
Toosday, and now 'c's 'opped It. Pore
old Bill, indeed!
$3.50  RECIPEvFREEf
For Weak Men    .
-'' " '        '^      « a
\ »■■      I "f     '    J
fi i -* -.»     _   ■. "* "  •■ '
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and"
Strong and Vigorous
I  have in my possession a prescription v
for   nervous   debility,   lack   of   vigar,    ,
weakened   manhood,   Tailing   memory
and lam« back, brought, on by excess-  ,.
es, unnatural drains, or the follies of   -
youth, that has cured so many worn    '.
and  nervous  men   right  in  their  own
homes—without any additional help,or.-,
medicine—that I think every .nan who
wishes to regain his manly power ond
virility,   quickly   and   .julotlv.   should
have a copy.     So-I have determined to .
send a copy.     So 1 have determined to
charge, in a plain, ordinary sealed enve
lopo to ony'mun who will write.me for
it.
This prescription comes from a physician who has made a special study of
men and I am convinced !t is tho purest-acting combination for tho euro of
deficient manhood und vigor failure
ever put together.
I think I owe it to my fellow man to
send them a copy ln confidence bo that
any man anywhere who Is weak and
discouraged with > repeated failure?
may stop drugging himself, with harmful patent medicines, secure what I
believe is the qulekest-ac.lutr lt-stora-
tlve, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy over devised, and so euro himself
at homo quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a line liko this: Dr. A. E. .Robinson. 4907 Luck Building, Detroit, Mich.,
and I will send you a' copv of this
splendid reclpo In a plain, "ordinary,en- -
velopo free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $2.00 to Sr>.00" T^r ■
merely writing out a prescription like
this—but I send It entirely free.
One common hope, one common aim
"When love diffus'd, refreshing rain .
Shall change the.heart of man again.'
Socialism, Socialism;.,
View'd by many with scepticism;
Still it spreads its encircling wings—
The promise of eternal things.
The mighty river floweth on,
The drops keep swclllnjg one by one,
Then  fight tho fight, be brave and
strong,
For. right shall triumph over wrong.
"Faith," Michel, D.C.
DR. FOWLER'S WILD STRAWBERRY
• « Be sure to,guard against the ills of August
weather. 7 They come frequently with chajige
of food, air. and drinking water*, causing dread
summer complaint.
• • -<->■   J ' .,     ■ -v *  ' ■-       •;•
Dr. Fowler's Wild Strawberry °
Is a veritable life saver.   Relieves colic pains,
stops diarrhoea-and quiets abdominal pains.    /
A popular and effective ° remedy.
35 cents the bottle    -
Bleasdell's Drug Store
DRUGS AND, STATIONERY FERNIE, B.C.
f
r
According to recent reports, there'
are thro thousand unemployed ln Melbourne, Australia. Unemployed demonstrations nro held ln Perth, Ale-
laldo, Sydney, Melbourne almost dally,
And this at a period when everything
Is considered ''prosperous,"
LE SOLITE VIGLIACCHERIE
THE HELL MYTH
a E. LYONS
I nsurarrcerRreal
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
nessand Residential property
2»e HOMB&S
BCNK.185*
of CANADA
The Safest
Way to Send
Money
col rnppre»entnntl del padroni dftllo
...iux.il., ..-i.i.iu (.uiuetu till ilUIUVUil) Ul
Jinf-n n. II rj!iiiiii^jjj(..>j]i. JtJ utiMutil
per nltrl duo nnril.
• •   •
OH nvlntorl delln   Oormnnln   30.10
prapensl nllo n..loporo,   11 loro unlarlo
e chifidono che In pngn minima sin dl
$T.*.00,
• t   •
flcttetcnto facchlnl dl ni.ffnlo. N.V.
nl nono mcs-il In grlopero per'-he vonno rlflutnto loro un nimmnfi. dl nntnrin
jed ujju dlmlnuzlotie iUUh ore di 1ft-
! voro,
• *   «
NVlIn clt.n di New York vl *ono \w
£(-._.--..u.jt*. il.'.O unlnni   opcuie
rlrra W mlla m«mbrt.
• •   •
Kra fncllo n.prpvf'deri-l. I pndrc'.ii
dollo nilnloro dl Paint Crook 0 Cabin
Crook, W. Vn., dovo I mlnntnrl sono
III sciopero, Kono iIiihcHI nd Induiro II
Govornntoro dello Stnto nd Invliirn
fortl nerbl dl triipim In pleno nuRotto
dl Kuorrn 0 con cnnndnl.
Dnto II conlet.no Iriinqulllo 0 pn"l-
flco degli sclopr.runtt, tnlo Bpodlzlono
mllltnro hn HtiHcltnto ln plu viva In-
dlgntiitlonc,
r_.11 compitgnln, nol chlodoro I'ln.or-
v'onto dollo truppc, uveva lo suo in-
Hlonl, JCsHftHapi^vn cho I soldatl, por
fiorHl In rlllovo, per fnr vodorn II loro
valoro, , , . poco vnloroKo, uvretihoio
provonito dlHordlut, 10 conl o ru-ct-
(luto dlsordlni. I-_ coal e norndulo, e
g a sono nvvcuutl purecchl scontrl imn-
KuIiiomI a pai'<'cclii ilUordlnl, piovo-
cult diilln Hnldntiiulln.
. Lo truppn com mot t ono dogllattl 01.
viuieii/... itiuratiitti, tuuranaoM I'oaio
.'J.V.'.   ii'.1-   •Ui,li   .,:.,y/k.'.,.»'-Hii.,   IU..   UOUA
t>in>oUxlOM< df'JJo 81.11a Jntoro,
rcnUnalii dl s^l^jwranll tono ctn
Htntl gellntl In fetlde prlglonl; molti
nltrl sono stfitl ferltl,    Ln compaijiiln
quc-l vnlorosl e rosilentl mlnntorl toll,
vloh'nsa 0 roll a forza bruralo, declca
tt louerll nella ochLivitu plu nbh|(.|ti».
It!u«rlrn nr! suo Intenlo? K' n«ji:i!
difficile; pll sdnpernnll sono d.'ff.il
r>d unn rfii»u-nrn .1 niffn oitmnt.i «•
rUyliill fl non (oirmrn a lnvoro> w<-
firhtn mm verm lorn u-*<t i'iu<iiifiti
Vi Minnie* dn wnl psrto ddlo Slaw
'flnrcino vl\e prot^it.) al (Sov_»rnitor*.
c-flfi j *Ji I Wt*l Vir«inia pi. r aver* fnviato !«'
jnupK ;i P.i!nt Cti-tiii e Cahin Cr^tk
't •«■__» ch* V*- Kt> fall* 11 B_»_.4«5M» W*t>
L'untone delle domeiflrhe forma(.--sl '■ zno.
Ono of our pet Illusions nro being
taken nway from us. The pood old
traditions, legends and doctrines of re-
Ilplon upon which we were brought
up are being taken nwny or turned
upside down or Inside out.
Poarly gates and streets of gold,
and harps nnd wings and imlos, no
longer constitute our heaven.     Tlio
modern horesy Ih thnt nobody could he
Hnppy In u heaven like thut and various sorts of other lieavenH nro offered
In substitution.    And now by n resolution of tho International Bible Students'  Association, held  In. Toronto Is
recontly.  It wnH decided  to nbollsh
Holl Fire.     The resolution 1.1 ttrong-
ly worded and Bnys ln part:
- "Tlmt It In tho bciiho of tlio International ruble Students delegatus, horci
nHHPinbloil, thnt wn do not "-find tlio
Illble to teacli the doctrine of n literal
"Hell Flro"*or plnco of flro nud brim-
stone for tho punishment of thn winked;  but that sociilnr lilHtory of tlio
formation of tho creeds of tbo mlddlo
hkoh revonln the fart that fnr vnrlouN
rmiHOliB. either wlHoly or imwlwoly, the
iloi'trlne of torment In "Moll rirc" wns
,nd<led to tho goipol, na taught hy .le_.ua
and tlio twelve ApoHtlcs, ncresftltntliiK
many ridiculous Interpretations of the
,-ord'n parnhles,    Wo, llicrefore, now
iinn«Morvnd)y   repiidlnto as thoroughly
iinacriplural, the tcnchtiifc of a place,
ntuto or condition of n "Lit*1 nil Lnk<*
ot Kiro nnd llrlmatouo for the torment
u. u'ie wh'kwi,  uiu. Uirlhi'i', wo bolK'VO
from many pcrfional (CBtlinonlnU that
.r.<- ta»l tsimiorlt)- of rninbttia of all
I'rot^ataiit denomlnatloiiH   hnvo   prl-
vatcly repudiated    (hu    "Hell    Flr<t'J
i.n-11/.t. imi nu^o lor tui|i)iciH('illy /food 1
rcniioni lieilfAted fully to Inform their !
cougn'gntlonit, and further, wo Im-Hovo !
on tliln nr-rount thouonndii nnd per-
baps tf-ii. of thoutands nre belnc driv-
«n Into Kcrptirlim or Infidelity."
f'Mr*. rnrn unit otVr rotlKt'ii;-' t-".-- tt
em are Ir.vltr-d to record tlif-ir belief or !
(iM..-lv.f if, ff,,- rjc|j Hit; dj-:.Ine It.
tlitnr Uxtl nt»iipaper*.   Tins a warm >
dlu-iiwlnn I. likely \ti l>e pr^ritiH-tii^l
In UtAt (t-onnet-tlon  I would  curre*?
thai   w<-uch*t*  -Hint  of  tho   RorklfHj
,f%r/sH <Z*t*t MiUit '*t1l_<» fflfilll *inui'.
ye.* Ir.      Tht* h*».if ^fifi-h -vtlf ?*>■ 'ii '
When you havo to send monoy through tho
mail'to pay for mail orders, or for any other purpose, tnko out a Homo Bank money order. Thoy
cost only a fow cents; may be obtained at any
oflico of tho Homo Jianlc, and aro quickly mado
out. It is not necessary to register a monoy order.
It is mado payable to the person, or firm, you
direct, and thoy have only to endorse it on tho
back to mako it as good as tho actual monoy. m
Tf\1Df\ XT HP f\    Branches and connectiotu
1 UKUIN I U throughout Canada
Fernio Branch.
Head
OfBce
J. F. MACDONALD, Managor.
MEN-YOU HEED NERVE
Weadatf ul Nm eu. S/ilcm
EARLY   IND.8CRETION3   AND
EXCE88E8 HAVE UNDER"
MINED YOUR 8Y8TEM
Tli» Hurra* ronlrol nil actlontof Um Wy *» thot nny*
(liliW Uiul.ii't,i,iuu-* I'.ifiin vlll wciki-n i.ll it«uii_i uii
Un i»y_(-m. Uiitjr Indlicr*llon. Ot.l K»e»iM» lm»o
ruliiiHl tlioiifiiui.14 fit pri)iii|.lii_i yoiiiiit mux. (JnMlural
Pnlmmpt:.! Irv!i;i>r»Dil »ll..!;ty no I Un'y »)<wr Jar*-lop
ton |ir«|«.'ri'.>inill|jnmf n:in.!n>_il. I!-."." rrmain we»k-
i-.i„'», 111 -i.l.1...', 1 liyn.ci.ily »nil msu.wiy. How you f««lf
Ai-pjmi rcrv.,u« a'il wir.lt, «t"rponJ»,ot Mi gt«nny,
r;r»! il«^roi!,o<-;rj v.'lii J.iii circle* un.ier limrn,
t.-i-.-.b liai-'ii, l.i!n«>»lrrltalj'.«, p»';ltaMm of lha h«»ttt
Ui '..ul, i.'.jiill.t ittn f ilrcnun,tKiillmcnlInurlnrt, plrnpttt
on Ui'J fiu-'i',«)«_ kiiiil.t-ii, hullow c!u<<Ut, catowoin ox-
\irff.Um, .«>ur iiir-rn(iry, l,telm_. iliartmlful, luckerifrry
n*"l ■T-'nifh, Hrful nmmlniTHi rc-nlfi. _>l_..it_i, t-hniiRo-
..U1 uvm\*, p. c aut un. Ucc&y. U>d« t*in_, bitlr loow, .10.
T*' * ''.1    "-'    ..   !!.9!'.'!.!T,..»», «
COAnANTIXP TO CURE
V'.. to'" t""fl f it-**** «-£ !!<•« tT «lmn«i» lit*-
l..i. i.-l r.i  \.a li..»o ta eiperliwut.  Couult u»
irxe OF CHABCg
r.:;l«T> w"l tell ytti .....iticr you am eun.lt* or not.
V/a r»rai.t«* curi.lil* c«i*. of
!--«vrnr, r.FPitirY. vawcosp. vriNS, w.ood
/.N3 iK!N  M5EASW,  CU.I.T. CLADDtR
U.UNARV AND lUDUEY COMPLAINTS
Two CocUtt oa Dl»fp*» tf M.n. 1/ u.-uibte Jo uD
11,u fer
cussncii u:t ron iiomc trcatmlnt
I
{^»**■l•nt^t^»'nt^ n nt-rtlao. « k t»Ia u*'>- \   SI mppone, frattauto. ihe «l"t«nt^r«!««n«.Vr<-»l by th# dltcnii-ion   ot  Jtla
t. _. ' '
Dn.KENNEDfftKENIIED)r
Cor. Michigan Ave. and Cri.v.old ft.,   Dcfrolt, Mich.
D________W_kR.^T^_?      '":' ;' ' 'f' '"' C.-n.-Timii-tts-ftiWifaeA
HUMS     ri« E MWtKm      11. -r t.,'. -i vi C«"rt- yv.ili.mv I.tpirt*
ttt m WTSonnlly r .'! nt Mir Me'.iV tl Ii.*r'M:tu In l>i ir>:t 31 v» tve iml treat
k__ |MU«t-t« in v.; V.'iiujM.r oi.^xs "..:',.h titr* i<„r Oirrr^MT-'ifno* owl
I^bontoty l.« t«-'-*'!7.'. !■•_*_»<"■» »-' *.   _»-'!•••** ?U WXtr* w talkm.
DRS. KUCJEOY & KLVNEDY. Winitit, Onl. #y
'^_\*L  V-"** »--|—   '
PAGE EIGHT
#
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, $ ERNIE, E. Cl, SEPTEMBER 7,1912.
A\>,..\_J -r- _'   .
■".'-/■•',;..'c'
j;V ?-' -"," " "' .-,7 '"'■ "
*y.
BOYS' SWEATERS
Coat Sweaters
\ Made in the celebrated Jaeger wool, and in fine
Scotch wools by the Acme Mfg. Co.    Any color.
Sizes from 20 to 30.   -    s    „   «"
Prices range from 75c to $2.50
V-Neck. Sweaters
Good heavy all-wool sweaters with V-necks, good
color combinations.     All sizes from 20 ih. to 31 in.
Prices from $1 to $2.50
This is the best sweater for the boys. Can be*
left open when in thc house and buttoned up when
outside. .
MEN'S SWEATERS
Coat Sweaters „?'
Our stock of men's coat sweaters is now complete.'.
any "weight or any color combination you want ca_i\;
be had from us. '-. "We are showing some new collar '
features made by Knit-to-Fit Manufacturing Co.,
Dr. Jaeger's "Woolen Co., Acme Sweater Co., and ..
Monarch Mfg. Co., and Vancouver Knitting Co.  '
Close Roll-Neck Sweaters
"We carry a big range of colors in this line.    All
sizes in stock from 20 tb 34.
Prices from 75c to1 $3.00
This is a, good sweater for winter wear.
V-Neck Sweaters
■LADIES   SWEATER
<eoATs7-S777
* n
-.   \In these useful garments we are very-strong.
• Our line" is the most complete in town and we have
, all styles/both high neck and V collars, in a great
variety of colors.. . The prices range from '■    • '
■7-■'. "S'■_■ -y      ■••-■' o .y $2,75 to.$10.00
FOR THE LITTLE TOTS
In this particular style we have a good assortment. A great range of color combinations as well
as different styles of■ collars. Can be buttoned
up close at neck; rolled down rolled collar or' left
open, the most convenient sweater there is. Made
in all weights.       ' y '  '
-Our stock of Kiddies' Garirients^isvery complete.-
The chilly days are.here and we have a particularly
pretty stock of goods suitable.for present' weather
conditions.    Baby Knitted Coats "and Fleeced Jackets in. a great variety of styles and prices.  . Knit-   ,
ted Hoods, Bearskin Hoods and Caps.    These arc '
the very latest styles and an inspection of them will. _■'
at once convince discerning buyers that our prices   '
are right.     ' '     . ,.'
S^^d00^MqXi;0;
", 77,"y7--.i%(^y^Sy7Sl£7
7-Gi&tiMy7yysxyr'r]
S DEPARTMENT
'. CF -._.-.
'/■"■J*
See the Sweater Display in our Window
FALL MILLINERY
"We have just unpacked some new models in Fall
Hats.. These hats are all different, iii fact they are
tlie very latest creations of the millinery specialists -
. of Paris. ' They are very distinctive in style and we
feel sure we can supply the taste of the most exacting buyers. They are on display'in the millinery
section of; our Ready-to-Wear department. • See
them- early before the best, are picked out."
, Children's Felt Fabric Hats in s\ great variety of
sliapes and sizes.     Just tlie thing for school wear, -
made in colors of navy, red and blue,buff, grey, etc.
Also a large assortment-of sailor caps in navy
\serge and in brown.-leather.        Special, 50c each"
LADIES o-nd CHILDREN'S
UNDERWEAR
We carry the famous Turnbull Brand of underwear and we have a very complete range.
"  Ladies Vests and Drawers, in natural or white,
Per suit, 65c up
Combinations for the children in all sizes,,
„   .    -Prices ranging from 85c,*according to size
,,   . • t --  .       . . ■ ,'
DRY GOODS
DEPARTMENT
English prints in colors of navy, red and- blue,
' -j   i ' - ^
also light ground pattern's, .Special 8 yds. for $1.00
■Alarm-V Clocks-    y   .      -
Just a few°of our special value' alarm clocks,-stiil
to be cleared;   .They are .very reliable, timekeepers
and have a strong alarm.'   ' ■   • Special, $1.00 each
2 in 1 Blacking, 3 for '..._.  , .25
- Corn Flakes, 3 pkgs: for;. V.......'....-...'.-.... - .25.'
Quaker Oats; small size, 3 pkgs, for,-.- ".:•.   .25
Bulk Coeoanut,-per lb.'.;'::. 1:71::. 77,\ .25   ,
. Lowney's Baking Chocolate, '^ lb..,.;'.-..'_'..'.., .20
Lowney 's .Cocoa, }/o ■ lb:. ..7.'.    .20 ,
Braid's Best Coffee/freshly ground, 2 lb. for.'.  ' .85
■ Paris Mixed Crcain Chocolates, per lb .".;   .30
Queen Quality Catsup, pts. each...". v.\   .25
Tuxedo,Jelly Powder, 4 for,    .25.
Strictly Fresh Eggs,-per doz.. ..v..    .40 '-
Robin Hood 'Flour,'98' lb. sack .._.'-....X... .$3.65
L  Robin liobd Flour, 49 lb. sack -.';.'.;.."..... 7$i..85
Canada First Raspberry Jam, 5 lb. tins'.,;.,.„ .75
Crosse   anid , Blackwell's Red Currant Jelly
- \ y K **'■_.
'  glass . 7 '.  .-...' '.,....'.' -   ;30
■   '-. * -      - ■■_■   .      ■-■'•'-'.
•'• Swift's,Lard,' 3 lb. tins .......-.:... .7.'. '.. '7 .55 ■
Wagstaff's Marmalade,' 5 lb. tins .......... . '.7(T
/»Paragon Pickles, 40 oz. each .'...'.'.....__.-'. '■; .35
,"'. Aylmer's Pork and Beans, 2 lb. tins, 3 for .., -.25 • ,
B. C.-Sugar,'20ib. sack .7 . X ..... .$1.35:
', Swift's White Laundry Soap; 6 cakes .... S..   .25 .'
"White Swan Laundry Soap, 12 bars .'. ;'■ ..45"
' ."Pears' Unscent'cd Toilet Soap, 2 for  '...' ,'. .".25
Heinz Tomato Soup,' large tins, ..'-.     .35 ■
Special Blend Bulk .Tea, 2 lbs. for'..... .v..." !v5 ■
Mar'iifat Peas; 2 pkg:- for ". 7. 7-   .25 -
. Tomatoes,- 3's', 2 tins for : ..7.7  .35 ;
AVhite Swan. Washing Powder,-each 7. 20 .-
• ^ Lighthouse Cleanser,- 4 tins':.'.'.. .'.../   .25'
Sheriff.'s Assorted ,Wines, per qt. bottle ....    .35 '
' -Freestone Peaches, per box .......    ...... ...$1.00 -
" e? S ..   • :■■       , 7   '    "'' ''      >'       '. ° '        ' •:-
SEE   WINDOW DISPLAY" OF  NE^fiT  HATS, GOATS AND SUITS
Miss Sutherland, the deaconess of
tho congregation, is spending a week
in Calgary. n    -
The regular monthly, ladies',tea of
tho Methodist Church will ho given by
Mrs. Dudley at hor residence on Tuesday, September _0th, from 3 to 6 p.m.
CHRIST CHURCH
The Utiles' Guild (Christ Church)
will give n masquerade bull on llnl-
lowocnn, October 31st. ocil_ntor details
will bo given.
The regular monthly ten will bo
given by Mrs. Walton nt the Rectory,
nt 3.30, Wednesday, Sopt. 11.
Mr nnd Mrs. A. J. Carter, and ..Mr.
Davis, a recent arrival from England,
left for Calgary on Wednesday night's
train, v •
 ^    ■
Miss Ethel Tucker, is billed to appear in Nelson's Opera Houso in
"nosom Friend, of Bowser." Wo do
not know whether it Ib "Napoleon" or
Matt Quad's creation.
Mr and Mrs, II. P. Nerwich intend
spending a few days at Stampodo City,
II. P. will bo n participant in the nf-
fairs of tho Master Printers' Cost Convention, which is being held in Calgary this week.
ISIS THEATRE
ALL NEXT WEEK
Return Engagement of the Popular Artists
THE
Gladstone Sisters
MissEdnaRandall
Entire New Repertoire   Stronger Than Ever
New Songs
A nrr.lyni'ir'   T\«". «#*»e.c
Monologues
Characters
Pictures und acts changed every night
2 SHOWS NIGHTLY
7.45 a.m. and 9 p.m.
Knox Presbyterian Sunday School
will meet on Sunday'next*at 2.30 p.m.,
instead of 12,,as formerly. The Young
Men's and Young Women's Bible
Classes will meet at the same hour in
thp main body of tho church.
In tho presence of a few friends,
Mr. Henry Ernest Smith, of Winnipeg,
and Miss Grace Muriel Dudley, formerly of Fernio( wero united in holy wedlock on Monday nftWnoon, Sept 2nd.
in tho Mount Pleasant Mothodlst
Church, Rev. Las'hley Hall officiating,
Among those, prosont wero tho brother
and sister of tlio bride. Mr nnd Mrs.
Smith left tho. same afternoon for
Fornlo to spend yielr honeymoon with
the bride's prirentB. Mr, James Mayor, of Victoria acted ns groomsman,
nnd MIbb Dorothy Proctor supported
tho bride.
THE FERNIE 8CH00L8
Tho enrolment of pupils in tho locnl
schools has beon completed, nnd ln nil
thoro nro 01C— 200 boys nnd 320'Klrls.
In tho Contrnl School, which Includes tho clnssoB In tho K. P. Hnll,'Calgary Mnrkot Company's building, nnd
tho Sundny School room In tho hone-
ment of tho Baptist Church, thero nro
In nil 440—210 hoys, nnd 230 plrlB,
Tlio list of toachoro nro:
Division No. I—TO, O. DnnlolB, prln-
clpnl.
Division No. 2,---MIbb Ilognn,
Dlvlfllon No. 3,—MIbb DnnlolB (Pap-
tiat Schoolroom).
Division No. 4,---MIbb Cochrane,
Dlvlwlon No, fi.—MIbb IIohr.
Division No, a,—MIbb Oordon,
Division No, 7.—MIbb Oormlck,
DIvlBlon No. 8.~MI:.u Tumor (Calgnry Mnrkot Building),
DIvlBlon No, O.—Mri., Elloy.
DIvlBlon No. 10,—MIbb nibbltt.
Division No. 11—MIhh Mcl^oil (K. P.
Hnll).
Division No. 12.—MIbb Italian.Ino (K
I*. Hall).
Wcat Pornlo S_c!iool-~8I   pupils    CM
hnyfl, 4ft RlrlH).
TenchorB. MIsb MoDonnld nnd MIhb
CoKlnnd.
Anna* School-92 pupils (44 boya,
IS liUh).
Tonchoni: MIbb Fiuilknor nnd MJbb
MrPliorHon.
MRS. BLEASDELL DEAD
Tnlogrnm received hero, on ThurB-
dny from flenforlli,, Out,, mldrrtBaod to
P. O. MorrI«on, Hinted that Mr«. Wens-
«.!clt, wlfo nr tho. Mayor, \vaam\i\ away
on Wednesday nluht. Thli oitoemed
lady, who _u_, a lio^t or U\mh\* In
Pomle. hat been III for n Ion* tlmo,
h*nco ber end was not iinei-pett*!.
Tho dJ»e«fiMt(l wnn n native of Sea-
forth, wid the Interment   Trill   tnke
AMBULANCE CONCERT
Thoso who'have not yet turned over
the money received from tho sale of
tickets ro the Grand Concert are ask-(
ed to do so at tho request of Colonel
McKay.
Tho correspondent Joi the Nelscn
News in reporting particulars of the
Penile Amhulanco Concert inadvertently reported tho $100 donation from
a corporation, wheroas w« aro-inform-
od it wns the gift of a private individual who wishes to remain incog".
"RIP,VAN WINKLE" AT THE
GRAND THEATRE TO-NIGHT
Hoploto with, a magnificent scenic,
costume and oloctrlcul oqulpmont, Wm
IS. Lorralnii's superb rovival of "Itlp
Vnn Wlnlclo" will bo prosontod at tho
Grand Theatre, to-night,
No attraction In yonrn has nwnkoncd
bo much Intorest In' Canada us has
this much heralded production, with
tho exception of Joseph Jefferson no
player has onjoyod such n long nnd
brilliant career In "Rip Van Wlnklo"
as haa Mr. Chns. J, Coklln. ' Surrounded by n distinguished' compnny of play-
ers, Mr. Coklln will bo scorn hero Iii
this famouB play. Uonutltul scenery
and coBtumoB aB woll as brilliant lighting effects will onhnnco tho production to a marked dogroo, Kvory do-
lull hns boon glvon carfoul attention
nnd aB woll ns clover chlldron for tho
portrayal of tho child parts, an noting
dog nnd cat Ih onrrlod by tho company.
All along tho tour of "Hip Van Wlnklo," pnblie, press and clorgy hnvo
been loud In their prnlso of tho ox-
collo.it company and suitor) production r.nd nlrcntly prosp.ictii point to n
bl.. ordicneo bolng present nt t!'o
Grnrri to-ntght (Pridav) to wltnoss a
mcKctloufl preBcntatl.in of 'll\\> Vh
Winkle."
THE ISIS
Tho Isis is still showing its enterprising spirit.' This week films showing scenes'-in .Tripoli, incident to Ihe
Turco-Italian War were thrown upon
tlio screen to tho delectation of* audiences In which the former subjects uf
King Emmanuel predominated. > Appropriate music was rendered by the
orchestr.a with' special aid from the
well known cornetist,' SIgnor PnsU.
"Ln Mnrcha Ilealo" was very effectively rendered and tho vociferous applause- testified to tho appreciation cf
tlio hearers,
KEIR HA'RDIE'8 80N MARRIED.
Coroner Jeffs, of Nanaimo HUggoots
(hut divr hunters should wonr ItBD
caps, Tut! tut! whisper It gently—
porhaps he's a Socialist.    His oston-
HM*    <iM    , I     1        t 'it
from the "MuMn" wha   nhnnl    Ihclr
frlendi by mlBtnko.
NEW YORK, Sopt. 3.~Jumos Keir
Hardle, Jr., son of Jnmos Kolr Hnrdlo,
Socialist lender of the Houso of Commons in England, was married to Miss
Marlon Stoddnrt ln Brooklyn recently,
tlio Ilov. A. N. Daniels, n rotlrod I.uth-
oraii mlnlBlor, officiating. Mr and
Mrs. Hnrdlo loft on a ten days* honeymoon, They will mako tholr homo In
Brooklyn,
Jnmos Keir Hnrdlo, sr„ tho fnthor,
arrived from England n fow days ago
to bring his son's bride- to-bo with
him and ho was prosont nt tho wedding, Miss Stoddnrt and young Hnrdlo woro schoolmatoB togothor in Scotland, whoro thoy wore betrothed two
yonrs ago, Tho.young man camo directly aftorwards to this country, arid
ougagod In buslnoss In Brooklyn.
URGE TAX ON CHURCHES
Unbroken Line of Taxes Presented to
Vancouver Commission
VANCOUVER, 13. C, Sopt, 4,—Tl.o
Vancouver Catholic clorgy recently
mado n sharp attack on tho' civic authorities for taxing church proporty,
alloglng thnt this is tho only city In
America whoro thia la dorib, Tho
Holy Ilosflry Cathedral thin yonr, for
Instance, Is charged $3,800 taxes,
-VV     **     frf/f %.4tL,tLLLLL     4i. .Cfrt.feUilUK      LhC*
h:j held iodn;*  .n.o nnmli-l;i:il t_i.vw,
Protestants, Ornngcmen and the Ma
sonic lodges appeared and, presented
an unbroken line of testimony in" favor
of church '' taxation.' . lJ. M; .McVety,
president of the'British Columbia Federation of Labor, told the commissioners that the single tax movement as
worked out ,1n Vancouver was a libel
on the late Henry George.
OBITUARY
Died on August 31st, Montolo Viola,
infant daughter of Andrew' T. linn.)'-
ton, aged sovon months and ton days.
Tho funeral will bo held on Monday,
Sept. 9th.    Rev. Ford officiating, .
Died, on September • nth, -Annie
Swoenoy, Infant . daughter ot John
Sweeney, aged two months and seventeen days.
Died September Cth, Tlotollla La-
londo, aged flvo months tiud twenty
days. ' Funeral will bo hold from tho
Catholic ChUrch, Saturday nftornoon
nt 3 o'clock.
Tho romnins of tho lato C. II, Doo-
gin, who died on August 18, will bo
burled thin (Friday) afternoon from
tho undertaking, parlors of Thomson
and Morrison.
KuhIo has Instituted n cadet corp,
Tho young hk»n will bo tuuglii how, to
Bhoot, scoot, loot, and root In truo
militiaman's style,
The Celebrated Richardson Ball-Bearing Skates
are Used Exclusviely in
the Fernie Roller Rink.
Ladies, Attention!
Mrs, Colton 1ms now o;u display her now lino of
FALL AND WINTER HATS
.Many .....u.tifnl creations.among tlinin,     She ox-
tenth, a cordial invitation to all thc ladies. ,
MILLINERY PARLORS
Upstairs, LIphardt Block Fernie
The Most Cheerful Amusement
in Town
Opftll 7.30 to 10.
Sat. 7.30 to 10.30
Admission Free, Skating7 25c,
IN MEMOpiAN
' In memory of'the beloved dnughter
of Mr and Mrs. Jas. Buckley, who dle.1'
August 27th, 1911. .,
The Jlowers we plnceupon her grave
'■ A.ay" wither "and-'decay,
13nt the love wo havo for her who
, Bleeps        '      '   '      ...
Can never fade nwny.   .  „        '
FOB RENT
On Easy Terms
In'the rising lown of Elko
RESTAURANT WITH BAKERY
- (  -     ■ nil
Excellent frontage with two large
windows, dining room, ,a' sitting-
room nnd 3 good hedrooms..
Mrs. E.B. Holkrook
P.O. ELKO
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
VIOLIN LES80N8
. Mr. F. DoBtabollo wlshos to Inform
prospective students of tho violin that,
ho lu opon to receive a few moro pupils.   Apply nt tho Isis Thontro.    '
PaiyATB TUTOR doBlros pupllt
for ovcnlngs and Saturdays,, . BIo-
mentary and High school work, Mathematics nnd sclnnco a spoclallty, Apply, W. (1„ District Lodger., 2
FOIl SALli..—Ktlrnlturo, Kltclion
Utensils, IJaby Slolgh, Bngllih Unby
nuggy, Crosscut Snw, Kango, Hoator,
Floor Covering, ctci Apply rosldonco,
Mr. Mlntifl, Mcl>hor»on Avo,        2-2t
, HOlJSia TO IIHNT.-Throo.roomod
House In West Fornlo; ront $10, Apply to Josoph h. Allan, 2-3t
FUnNISHBD Oil UNFUnmflHfflD
ROOMS TO LET.—Ono or two room*
and itilolifln: nvorv fonvnnlonro. An»
ply, Ijodgor Offlco 2-.lt
FOR SAWi.—Convonlont Cottngo In
French Camp, Conl Crook; clioap to
ready purchaser, Apply, O. II,, co.
District Lfdft<>r.
FOR 8AU3-Wi>ll lmlltr slk-roomod
rosldonco on an ncro or ground, within fifteen minutes wnllc from Fornlo.
Bxcollent location. Apply, K. N.,'
District I_«d|t«r.
FOR 8AI.I..—Podlgreo Alredalo ,ro^
iltiiM from (Intuit import«d «tock. W,
W, I'arnoll, Pernio, B.C, i; 8-5t
FOR RENT—Slx-rootned Concroto
block Houso. Apply, Wm. Mlnton,
Lindsay Avcnuo, Annex. s^^w^^r
!r^AAAAA:k.lt&AAAAAA.tAAAAA'AAAA_fcAA:A_A4_AA&AA A AAA A AAA:
1 'tf- '   *
$
.»*¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥
^ '    LONDON,"Bngiaiid.--That ".Tuslice"
the weekly-' organ of the Social Bemo-
,■ cratiq, party, is not disposed to cease
heckling Ithe -government,,.regarding
the* use of the, metropolitan. police" as
strikebreakers,', is shown by the-way
in whichdtgoes after Home Secretary
Churchill in the following articled ap-
7 pearing in its current Issue:.'        ^ -
'*> "■ In his" reply to our protest "against
.   the manner in,which ihe metropolitan
police' has' been, used in "strikes;' the
.Home Secretary says .that "there Isno
_ foundation for, the suggestion that the
1   metropolitan'police have been sent-to
.   various - parts of tho country 'in response to pressure from,capitalist supporters of the government,'  or that
they have been used   as   'organized
strikebreakers,'.'
•As against that statement we quoted from the Correspondence and Report, November,, 1910, on the Colliery,
Strike Disturbances, in South - Wales,
statements made by government officials which entirely bear out our con-
, tention. As to the first point, it is
quite clear that the police were sent
1 to South Wales at the request of the
mine owners^that but for this request
tliey would not have been sent at. all,
that they were not needed, as a general rule, for the maintenance of law
and order, and that, on the contrary,
the mine owners regarded them as
their own agents to protect their property and to assist them in intimidating and defeating the strikers.
■ In his memorandum ^ on\ the whole
subject, in the official.report in question, General Macready—who certainly can be accused of no" undue leniency, toward the,strikers, although he
- appears, in the main, to have carried
out his duties with commendable fairness—says: ''It appeared to me on arriving in this district that a*false im-
;  pression as to the use of both "police
\and'military existed'in the minds of
the managers.     There seemed a general idea that managers were at liberty to carry out any ^schemes they
,. , pleased,  such as the importation of
,   'blacklegs,'   or   fresh   work on pits, in
short, any measure,'without considera-
.   t»6n as to how, it might'"influence tlie
strikers, and that the military would
'•   then be called upon to support' such
action.'       '■'        -      . "-'-'
'• " Although- General', "Macready1, and
other officials, including Mr..Churchill himself, made frequent representa-
- tions-to'mine owners and managers
-TLln-deprecation-of-that-idear-it-cannot;
but be admitted'that" the use-of the
police was frequently such .as tb en-
: -courage rather than dispel such a notion.        ,'    -    .
Mus4"Keep Pits In Order.   '»
It is necessary   to   understand that
the immediate success of the strike
'   depended upon putting .the pits completely out of action. It did not matter In5 the least to "the owners If no
y.¥ y y ¥ iw******* ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ ¥¥»¥»»¥ ¥•*,*
terms from fear of loss.*' To'guarantee
them .against that- loss is to defeat the
strike. It isr no'question of the' strikers
being permitted,to "saboter,"- to "rat-
teta,"'or',.o destroy.property with impunity; but ""that..by, merely stopping
all, work'they can inflict such'injury
upon the: employer-, that he would
rather'yield than suffer the injury.' 7
• There, is nothing unfair or wronjg or
even-illegal, in. this; as matters stajid,
so long as there is no active attackson
property., The striker risks his.-livelihood The fiaitof, the'employer is that
the workman must work on his terms
or starve. *" The striker says" that the
employer must".' concede- better terms;
or he will suffer serious loss by, the
it is no part of the duty of the State
is prepared to guarantee' the workman a "living wage" when on- strike
it is no part o fthe duty of.the State
to interfere.'.? preserve" the property
of the employer from falling into ruin
through disuse. Tp use the police for
such a purpose is to uso them as "organized strikebreakers.'   -       -    «
Now,' in General Macready's .report
for Monday; November 21, we find the
following: "Major Freeth and .Lieutenant -Anderson visited the Britannic
Colliery and rendered reports as to. its
condition. It is evident that this mine
is being drowned out, and it is important that-it should be started. It is'
very hard to.defend, and the.men in'
the vicinity are a very-rough lot; fifty
police and fifty infantry at least would
be required for'its protection^ and the
place would have to' be . constantly
watched. I informed Mr. _ Llewellyn
and the chief "constable that I was prepared to offer assistance in reopening
the colliery, .if, the chief constable
could find the necessary police."
What is that but using' the police
as organized strikebreakers? It appears that the colliery in question was
reopened; and that it was the action
of.the police in this and similar instances which led to the disturbances
at Tonypandy.
' Apart from" that," the regular "escorting" of blacklegs appears to-haye
been regarded as ordinary police duty
General Macready reports a discussion
with representatives of the .men ^ on
this subject, in which the men claimed
that the "police "did not act'lnt accord-
ance with ithe law, and did7not",nlldw
the.pickets to interview\men-passing
to arid,, from their work." 7l ■¥-""''• '';>
As to"
the
J.U,
idea'of the'.owners
'. ■ _-<.'-»'.
and
their agents, entirely ".at-"their beck
and call, the report affords ample evidence of this. The affair of the Cynon
Colliery' presents,. perhaps/ the - most
striking instance. This is reported .on
both by ' General Macready and Mr.
Moylan, an official specially representing the Hbme Office In the .district:'*
General Macready's report is as foi
lows: ."Colonel Edwards, Mr .Moylan
and Major Burnett visited Tondu, Port
Talbot and Cynon Colliery. On their
return they reported that there was
,<*,.
coal was raised for a few days, weeks,
or even months.   What did matter to
them,.however, was that the pits and
• machinery should  be kept   ln   good no necessity, for the thirty police nt
working order.   That entailed the em-j Tondu, who .were  asked-for  by the
ployraent of a certain number of men manager becauso ,ho:was afraid that
to keep the pumps going, and In or-Ithe men at,tbo Maestng mnle would
der.   Unloss this could be secured, the come out nnd nttack his mine.   Thon
..employers would be forced to come to they vlsitd Port Talbot, whero   they
" terms.   Now, tlie object of a etrilte ls' ascertained that the urgent' demand
tp forco tho employers to como, to| for police and military to bo sent'to
Cynon Colllery^was in order tcTenforce
the "levying'of a fine „wnich7h'ad .been
awarded against J.he'Jmen- byyt. ."ch. 11
court. ■- The miners% had 'offered, to^pay
voluntarily 80 per.'cent.'of thej amount;
and' this 'had ..been 'recommended'';by
the manager-'Tbut refused by^he^own;
ers/- " The men .were paid' immediately
after the arrival of "the police and the
full amount- deducted.'' ,.No- word -of
.this was sent to tlie chief constable'by
his local' inspector at Port Talbot.V?^-
7 From Mr.-Moylan's report'.'of7the
affair we learn that the; award'.given
against the men,'for which the deduction was1 made, was -on -account "of
"their • having ■ struck,,, about, a" month
earlier, without. giving• due -notice.
They had afterwards returned to.work
and the award of 19 shillings against
each man war to be deducted from
<lie-fir.it week's wages The men objected, and,' as stated, offered .8,0 por
cent. - ThlB was refugee! and with the
aid "of. the. police- tbe .full deduction
was^made, and a further strike resulted. -. .Concluding his report of. the" affair Mr. Moylan'says: ."It will be seen'
from this. short account - of the' facts
that these police were sent for solely
in order to enable the. deduction from
wages to be made, and. that, the effect
of their arrival "lias been to send the
men out on strike! If there.had been
noiarge force, of police, here to/draw
on,' the manager admitted' that the'de-;
duction would not.have been,made,
and.-there would,have been no strike.
,' "The presence of such a large^ force
bf police and "military here .had undoubtedly- given colliery managers the
impression, that they can obtain ,uri-
limit supplies. of 7 them' on any pretext" ' ",!<•'.• .'••-''
" From this. It'is quite clear that the
police" were used, not only, as strikebreakers; butas-strlkemakers and bum
bailiffs.*. _ '  Xsy  '   -" '    ■,
.-•The,-strange, notion of the owners
and\managers' that' the, police were
simply "their."tools .and.agents, finds
further evidence in a remarkable letter
addressed tb ttie-Home Office on behalf, of theJ_t6mmouthshire and South
Wales Coal Operators' Association, the
concluding passage of which is as follows:    '\ ;.   -.  ,
"Colonel Edwards (in command of a
division' of the Metropolitan police told
me that' he was not1 going to allow his
men, to], be" kept in"the district indefinitely,' and'that it was quite open to
him"to> withdraw-them at any.moment.
-I-p"ointed~out_to~him™that~th"e"se*me"rr
were now 'sworn constables of Glamorganshire, and that I had made a
speda|-.requisition for their' services
cnd:that they were employes of mine
ns long as I wished.'
"' This completely bears out our charge
that the police were, used as 'organized strikebreakers," and that they were
so .used,"in response to pressure from
capitalist supporters of the government.,'     -    *
There is more evidence to the samo
effect In the report In question. That,
of course/only, deals with the use "of
tho police In South Wales last November, but we have little doubt that^hc
official reports of the recent troubles
ln Manchester,'Hull, and elsewhere,
when thoy come to bo published, will
disclose tho samo kind of ovldonco.—
N.Y.Call,-
this • kirid.^iif y^properl^carrledi^out.
would .'reftainij^^
ttfeCmost'^e^
ces :ofu j^^ritgj^rs."    Such\ajprpppsi-
Uoh]f"i£&doptea^
,valuabie^saMy^alve.;at'!UmwVof:e^
citerjentivscltj-wouldiralso remove, the
not>.rjun^arran«._l;isusplcionjp£;trickefy
and\Vaiio}>b^
en -l^envaroused^by.' the^cpnductvof
theinle'i^'sted^w&on^offiUals'who^have
presided'iat%el£b"aUQt^
X .These matters;,though.they.are itr..
sense;;;'details;f^f-rinte'rest.;'maM
Tthose^whoj" are,r:s^udents) of ^ this. kind'
'of 7 le"$slat'lon,<fe.are f all -,;'of cfgreat^ Importance. '7 .There-Ms^yej;\another7f ea-
ture.^of: the! proppsalsywhlch" "has'ra
"stJlEwideivra'nge, and 'embodieV'anTen-
tlrely new. principletyOne'of.'ttie^Chlef
difficulties'in.the "administration .of the
existlri'g system', aitd-also.of that.whlch'
preceded jL has been the fact that the
most numerous "and powerful.unions
the Newcastle miners, the .Brpken'Hill
mlners^'th'e "wharf Jabofefs.^any'.t^e
coal lumpers—bave steadily "defied .tlie
statutory prohibitions ot strikes; Numbering as they do, some 7,000 members
between-them,'• It-is "obvious that'the
task of enforcing compliance or. of'inflicting punishinent on all the' members
concerned ls: and must remain-impossible..,, Mr..Beeby, the minister, .with
mor<3 regard for the political influences
exercised by;these unions.1 upon the
Labor leagues' and their- political, ro-
preseritatives than for the- prestige'of
parliament or "constitutional principles,
proposes", to exempt these four unions
from compulsory "compliance .with', the
provisions .of; the new measure. - They
may come .under-it if /they like.- The
\way is made as.easy~a._d profitable for
them. asv possible.,., Biit' there,,will be
rips compulslonr*arid, if tKey "choose to
contlnue~outs)de'the scope of the legis-
latioirMiil apposition' of. exceptional
privilege and supremacy they may do
so. r iri'that'-event-ttiey, will be provided*'with the-; assistance, of standing conciliation committees, appointed
by the, government,; in settling dispute's "with^tlielr "employers.        \   \
Thispbsequiousuess of parliamsm lo
iiidustrialv corporations" is not a little
startling";to]people who entertain -the
idea that .laws'arc intended to bind
rich-and poor, weak and strong, equal-"
ly. ,'The minister justifies the extraordinary .exemption on the ground "Hist
it is rio'use' his-^shutting his eyes""to
the fact: that^hose unions will-sot
avail themselves of the advaalages'of
industrial measures, nor obey its in-,
junctions-uniessythey so desire,'and
the goyernJme.nit' cannot force themr'to
do.s'o.^: Iiiothertwords, they and tliey
alone stand 'above" the law." Of course
this klnd7ofr reasoning points to the
conclusion^thaV legislation of this kind
m
?s&&K&'jJ£t#$i«..
*hKt*Jk"i -i-ft;—"v
?>>
&J8%&igf:.
S i2t-5"3'>w%-,i-^_r*
^Bewaw»-ofr
imitation's^
Sbldiohahe
•yyy-:-
':&*
:Merit_tpjT:^
v*,v^fi>^y> -'■-■>?._:-*.i'_^s.^g_?,>!«• "•
Laws Australia
Commonwealth
By II. Cameron. ,
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Aug .21.-rOf the
mnklng of laws for tho prevention and
settlement of Industrial disputes there
acorns In thlB country, particularly In
llita B.'alo, to ho no ond Tlio system
la fstabllflhed and Its prlnclplo per-
maneni, Aftor a Voluntary Arhltra-
lion Act In 1001, tho Industrial J.yl:l-
trillion Act was established, which in*
ttodtuod Iho syfltoni of qoltllng i\\%-
pulnn by a judicial procoeltnj. In a
couvl, j.rosldod ovor by a Judg?, which
liioludod roprosontntlvos.of omjtloyorb
nud employees, This tribunal soon
-leniwio liopaloHgly in nrronr1. with lln
vurk, In 1U0S tho wholo of lliiu net
' wnn allowod lo Inpso, and wns minor-
♦to.led hy Mr. Wade's systom of wngos
|i<>i'.rds for oaoh separnto Indu'irry, iMib-
Jc-cl cnly to a court or nppoal. This
nyatcin certainly Justified Itsolf In tho
eye* "of tho public, and has had to bo
retained, at all ovonls, In form, though
Its    character Is bolng substantially
M-ltlltll,
Apparently tho hostility of the militant Labor leagues, who fought those
boards bitterly from the ouuet, still
ronmliiK, , Dut thoy havo auccoedod
too Incoiitostably to allow of a continuum* ot this liTttUona) hntrod. Tho
Labor party, however, has never yet
openly admitted Id change of attitude,
end the only fooling has hnd s grave
effect on the now measure, Hitherto
waioi boarda bave, after fully Inquiry
made an awapl doling with atl the
conditions of labor In dispute, which
f. directly Madias upon all pcraona ou-
fi«ed la (be. industry. Under Ur,
Beeby'a new lebene. however, tbe
boards ere merely to report (o a court
which alone will'exercise the all-lm-
pertant tvntWrm <4 attonlly mailing
th* Wniflnr a»ri.rif.t Whrn tho fioanl**
recommendation comet before It fer
confirmation tho court will have full
power to modify it In any wny It
chooses, and thus the1 legal tribunal of
moi Ib smuggled back Into Us old
position of-Bupromaoy. Tho preliminary InvoatlgatlonB of tho hoards will,
or courso, assist tho court most materially, but at tho samo tlmo legal
forms and mothods, togother with "tho
law'a dolays," nro now unnccossnrlly
superadded.
An Interesting modification of the
existing syalem of penalties for atrilc-
]»K In nluo submitted, Anything In
tho nature of a strlko Is still an or-
fcnuo, piinlshahln by Imprisonment hu'
under tho now systom it la (o bo an
offence' only when tho organization
striking haa railed to glvo duo notico
to tho minister of tho existence of a
stato of unrest likely to lead to a
conflict. This will allow tho minis*
ter nnd hla officers opportunity to inter
vene, with a view to preventing the
unrost from culminating In a utrlko
to a "non-unlonlst whom thoy wnnt is
natural enough. 7 But lt is also natural
that the feeling of tbo unionist should
bo that tho benefits of unionism which
he and his fellows havo won should
be confined to those who hnvo mado
tho sacrifices by which thoy havo been
secured. It is replied that many-of
thoso who bore the heat and burden
of the day havo passed and are passing away, Dut, thon again, tliero is
tho rejoinder that It Ib only by the
efforts and the-sacrlflcos of unionists
today that still more Improved conditions can bo acquired. The' uniform
series of successes and expansions
thnt hnve no farnttendod tho unions
deprlvo both pleas pf most1 of tholr
relevancy In Australia, Doth systems hnvo boon triod In Now South
Wnlos. ' ,
Tho act of 1001 was based upon the
recognition of trado unions. No other
body could approach tho court, Moro
ovor, tho court, In Its award was om-
poworod to, and did from tlmo to tlmo
Includo In Its award provisions making It compulsory upon employers (o
engage unlonUtB In preferonco to non-
unionists. Mr. Wado's net of 1908 annulled this pnrt of tho system It
drew ho distinction between the two
classes so far as the privileges of tho
system wero concorned Now It Is
proposed that tho country shall revert
to tho original plan, with modifications
Preference Ib to ho glvon; but only
under certain conditions    One Is that
should' nbt^be1 Passed ,at all. "' In .any
casei,ifTthe^people are compelled.to
chooae some, kind of surrender to these"
insurrectipnary.sforces°ln»-their midst
it would ibe' better even that the law
shpuld.be successfully defied than that
It'ehould■contain!official recognition
of ttie friability -of. the state to "enforce
it where its enforcement is most necessary. -It'- Is"' upon this'part "of the plro-
posals^ttiat the keenest'struggle seems
likely to b'e"waged.7. -It Is certain they
will not pass IntbVlaw without tho
strong,,resistance.'/,vln,their present
shape'" they seem'"repugnant to liberty
and democracy, ai wellas to the root
principles ' of' * constitutional government,—Calgary >'Aibortan,' -
A GLOSSARY OF POLIJICALTERM8
'- r    ■''-•'     7-. ••- l;..y.r^j; y
: ■ '»'.   ,,    '   .. ." »'-\-y   .   ,.-,o_;v,7,7..-.i ,-
,\ (For use in a'CrlsIs.) .-77--:'7<'.
.y -, iw" 7yy
" Last Ditch—-A'receptacle; for-poor,
thinking, and high *falutjn.7i-Palvorlte
death;.place., for advanced-politicians
who do not Intend;,to' dleVaCleastinot
there—and _who, 'as7a*W'i^V °f ifaet"
always' survive -"misfortunes^which
have made .strange ditchteUoiya^'.y,
No Surrender^Ari; expression miucli
used by those, who attempt .to disguise'
a defeat jb'y congratulaUngjone^anothef
on' their* Indomitable, courage • arid, to
reveal > their, .ipve for itheir* leaders, by
disregafdlng"-tils\v advlcev 'and-: attem pt-
mg, tp;jsBatv8r,\h!s\ authority^., After
which' ttiey_ surrender with "the rest; -
,'.. C'ecn.-r7.'(l); ,''A 'place ; where Dukes
.tiid- Smiths'7co_ribirief; tb:i bariqiie1. -v a
former-creatoryif\Judges^whorls riot
to" be' satlsfied„with a,creation of peers;
.(2)-A;gentleman from Oxford Uni-
.Verslijvrnoted/for- the ameaity'bf his
manners. „arid „;ttie' suavitv of'. his"
Kiiguage;-:' \An expert iri" _he brganl/a-
tionVof-improinptu "anger. _* Holding
that'i-iipri*" Is golden,'he has shrieked
d J}fV »; Prime* Minister and' reduced a
StieoKe.ivto;Impotence.-;, Coa^ciouE,- a.
h^ls^of his inerits,'he esteems" ll'mitlv
aH>1 denounces' shrilly thoso/'who /all"
to'-sbafe'hls'exalted'estliiate, of his
own-immaculate "perfection.-1 • --;'
K.Cadi-s-rTerm" supposed by ..thoVe ~ who
bravely.j.useiit- urider-"cover""of upfoar
toM.V.vividly,descriptive of"au^TSagllsti
ire ritieihari-wtio % happens" io ?. tte7'Prii]_ie)
Mlnftter.7,77 '■'"'- '",-'•"-N^"?'XXXr
'Tr^tor^-A;' genial word 7,cbnyeylrig
as^been
;^ HEADOFFJCE,
f->.
^'Capital Authorised
-,7f
? TORONTO.'
. .*tO,OM,OTO.OO.\Caplta!. Subscribed ryy. $5,575,0007;
OCipitaVPaid: Up -W•,' ;/.'i5,575l00O':-- ^Re'aerW jfunil.-h'ftv'i":V.-."$5*575,000^
' Di R.--WILKIEfPmftfen&-: r-f-v HON-tHoBT JAFFRAYi"Vlcefcrei; -:
*V
ii-H       p.,
BRANCHES: IN 7 BR1TI8H COLUMBIA
-v   .,-'. _,■•'-. {«-«»•.'_,-- ".__,■ ■ . '*> ■_.'?_._.;-.'.,
-■'C ** ** "l"°
Arrbwhead/lCranbrobk, Fernie^Golden, Kamloo^
'-7,.;'.".•- S'7%77'77^ "'Rev'elBtokei' Vancouver anil Vlcte7la\7-,y7.7,.:-^, y..-^-'
Xi'Siy^Sy-XX;; ^-'•av'n.gsj.kpar™^
Ihtereat allowed on deposits at current rate, frbrndste, bf "depbiit.7"";7'
"iiiyyyni
•\*¥.:f$,---. .
S-SS
y- --•
*<"yjM
{'^:yy
^ j;ry>
y:Xy,
.<ii'
FERNIE BRANCH
---_-«*'< %!.f.i-i V- .^--v' -*:
•« yf
.GEO. |. fi. BELL,. Maneger;
v-/?,.o-7.7-.' <-,i,"/<y >-'"y:i ^%"\
■, .**£v
.'!,-'
MACHINE DUG HALF     - .
'   ,   -;"   .    OF-INDIANA'8COAL
But Miners Were,Kept Busy In 1910,
Because Strikes Elsewhere lasted
7   Considerably Longer
On the othor hand, thore Is the vory law,™ f^v <„ „„„ wpninWp riihen
aerioua quiiliucaiion that i( Mn Intervention uhould prove unauccesi.ftil, pre-
snmably ei strike will be free from
nny penalty, so far as tho law U con*
coined. , That would be fatal to the
whole design,
Then again, a great deal of, interest
attaches to tho proposals affecting
preference for unionists. Tbla Is already the source of no Inconsiderable
share of New South Wales Industrial
trouble... U (a unquestionably a uery
thorny anbject. as the vital Question
ot the *jf(kUncy ot tUe workmen is
sought to be Ignored. The unwillingness of the employers, and ef a rery
large section of tbe public, to accept
« system which enable* an industrial
tribunal to force open tbem a member
qf a Union who. for any retaua ttay
may distrust er dislike In preference
who wishes «o Join, on his compliance
with proper conditions ot entry Another Is that the court, when granting
It, must be satisfied tbat It will con-
dnr* tn tr.<1.i«tMi.t tititrtf. n» ♦« »t.« *.«j
ter observance of an award If tbe
conditions are compiled wltb, both of
them being, so to speak, matters of opinion, It Is to be obllgstoroy upon tbe
court to grant the desired preference,
though In so doing neither legal prln*
(-.pin* nor legal methods can be relfed
upon,0 That Is ft very serious matter.
Another feature of complete novelty
Is ft provision enabling officers of tb*
government, In ike ev«_t ef * strike,
to step lo and lake ft secret ballot ef
tbe men concerned, as, to whether or
not the atrtke shall be eoatitfied; of,
If U. U ot-ly tb.MUmed, wkratber it
shall oectir at all. An arrangement of
WASHINGTON,'.-Aug., 29.—Indlnna,s
productlori'ofcoaMn 1910. was 18,369,
815 short tons, valuod at $20,813,659,
a gain of 3,655,550 tono nnd $5,658,078
over the figures for 1909, according to
B.W. Parker of tho United States
Geological Survey,5",'..,,
Of tho total production In .1910, 8,-
980..95 tons, or nearly 50 per cont,,
was mined by mnohlnos, of ^vhlch thoro
wero 045 in use.., Tho coal mines gavo
employment to 21,878-men,-who, notwithstanding tho avoratp of 84. days
lost by 12,088 men on strike, made an
avorago of 220..working da'jrB ,oaoh.
This was 32 days better ln working
tlmo thnn in tho boom yoar, 1007, and
is tho best record made in tbo history
of Indiana conl mining, Tho avorago
production per mnn was also a record
hronkor, tho avorago for 1910 being
841 tons to oaoh employe for llio
yeur, nnd 3.07 lona for «no. working
day.
' While somo of tbo cool miners of
Indiana suspondod work, in 1910, la
aympnthy with tho strike In Illinois
and In tho Southwestern Stales, the
Idleness In Indiana was not general
nor was it by any moans so prolonged
as In tho othor States affected,, Of
the total number of men employed ln
the coal mines of rndlana^only about
80 pr-r cont quit work on'lho Btrlko
call, and these remained Idle,for an
s..i._»*,. ul i.m «« »*)», vii«.<«4» in ine
mhor ..rifl. mc .flJwkiw.'<,-._Jtidw. twlu
April 1 lo September 15, and tho effects lasted for fully sli months. In-
dlana operators and miners.as ft whold
therefore benefited from the strike, ns
from 1009 of 24 percent,, _.
SIoreovcT, on account of the fuel
shortsgo occasioned, by the strike the
prices for Indian* coal advanced, the
Average In 1910 being 11.13 per short
ton, against 11.02 In 1IW. and the
total valuo ot the coal produced Increased 37.84 per cent
'»-\ >•   w
, v. ;-i,i
.,''vt»_"
-Vfil.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
7mAny. feet;
yTOF- LUMBER
1   '  -Al:
A-'.-_•'-
■Wi'!.
"i{ 7",are '.wasted .^when;. It "-Is* not'vof j.
\ y< yi^i^3^^ qualify.;;';; Knota'^and^i
i'vy^knot--,holes,; soft .spou^etd-,*aris%
, 77,;,y*cianubeijiued./^Wefselect^ItjBota
7*%?7/.'carefuny-rthat';^
v7y. moved," Jeavlng'rqnly'"f trstjelassi,;
■y jr.
;. serviceable;, stuff^"for,7'ydnr^ use..;
.•'!^i^.*Prac-lcekreal' economy^ jj^, buy-''
*" ryySTrySyi SS: - 7__ 7_1. -"* * !7y -ylCirigywir, dumber .r__'ero.':V>.- SSS
r^y^-. -si ^?'^; yxxx 7 ^syy:7r^^f^s: y^y
1 ..    :     OrNCK nnrl VARD/MePHEkltON -iv£. OPP "(LN.   nBPBT. ' PKRNI..    ■'..'.
, OrflCK.and YARD, McPHBftaON'AVE., OPP. aN. DEPOT,
PKRNiK
"■   : '^-'v ^ .»"v-
-golitIcal**disagreemsntTf*
hpwjefd; but .by many-1 whosetlnnguairo
..(like the raven's answer); "little meaning,. Jittle.relevancy, bore.";:'(V ;7-7
;':.The House',of.J_«rd8'—'<1)-The lVst
i;ampart of - British, liberty..\ (2)' -An
effete^"-assembly Sot 7 arrogant people
p'rushers" combined ■ together- forV'the
destruction'of freedom and capable of
being .checked and cured only, by the
duplication: of. their number.—London
Punch.';"'. Sly  "y;1.  ', <7  , -;\
Highest-Prices Paid
it: "-ft" i,''- *-
'•>, y;
.Furniture,
; 8tovea,
For," Secondhand
■„f'-r- ■ >>- ■   y
Tools, .etc.,' also. tadles* and Gentle-
.•':~:-7&
men's Cast-off Clothes, '7
Twtxhalr Barber Outfit for-8«l«;" ?
*&
G. RADLAND, prop.
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> General ^Eetiairerl
■s. 4,,.. .*.;_?  i«-v;'i'»^!f«7i-•;_.*.•■ >y.; ,-:■■_. -^
■y '^m.' ^rt ^Xs
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For DISTRICT LEDGER Reider$i
;    77    ?'...'.'.*"'    ': ■ ." i,^.,'l.-,,y'.jj',,'.,,""   !> '- v ■'■■.•■.;■. :.v\.<   •.
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SpendyXour Money ymtihs These
.General Merchants
;y- Trltes-Wood Co.
, - Crows Nest' Tradino Co,. _
•I.
',<■   Philip Carosslla ■■•
'"'     Weber's Store, Ltd.  *
_,-,_,,!. , i
J , -      ' ,
Butchers
";    "41" Market Ce.   -
Calgary'Cattle Co'.
Dairy
Fsrnle Dairy
• Where to put up
Waldorf, Hotel...
> King Edward Hotel   ,
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel "
,   Royal Hotali . „
King's Hotel
'Colimsn Hrtt#l. CnlDnmrt
ft.>)'... ./_k,', litltut
Real Estate   .,
'C. E. Lyena
M. A. Kaatnsr
Joe Grafton
Hardware
J. O. Quail
Trites Weed
fl. M, Agnew A Ce, like.
Um
Sewing Machines
Wm. Btrien
Your.BdnhAcct. syj
Bank of Commerce   ■  ""'
Bank ef Hamilton  -    ''"',"
' Home Bank ■ .        .,      .' .i
Im'peHsl Bank • y 7 •.
Lumber Supplies.:
Kennedy * Mangarv.
Fsrnle Lumber Co. '  ,        '"
Billiards and Pool
Mf, Ingram, < Club Cigar Store,
Wines & Liquors
Polleok Wins Co, "
Pfj*Carosella, '   ,s
-.,,.-7..-, .„■„....., „, ,!,„ '  7\„
y '' )
How to travel
Over, the Great Northern
Second Band Store -
O. Radland
When you're dry
" Mutt Extra
■Ai-
Livers* & CnHftrrp
Oierge Barten
,     .     ';     i
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Professionals   ,
DEHTim.
,    Or. WrlflUawarth
. Or. Barber
LAWV6R8
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