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The District Ledger 1912-10-05

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GaMalttesxtfytHe   S
yXWeeK^ihe Pass
1 Martin Stanclk, a driver employed
In No73 East.Mine,'met with a fatal
accident Monday, night at 8 p.m.   It
1 appears, that the unfortunate follow
"was in the act of - spragglng up a trip
.   and got caught between the cars and-
a post which' was • set about 5 Inches
- from the1, track.     When found some
.half hour later by some of the miners
,v life was extinct. Deceased, who waa
a member of Michel Local Union, waa
.. ■ burled 'by', that': order or* Wednesday
afternoon at-2 p.m.     The burial .ser-
;■ vice was conducted by the Rev. Fath-
erv O'Nell,.^Ferriie.   . ,-     ''   .'..',,
• . A- large number of people followed
' the remains to the cenetery, headed
- bythe-Miciiel Brass Band, which played,the Dead, March in Saul.
,  ■ Martjn  was _ an  old  timer  in  the
''   cftmp, coming here some nine years
.   ago and many are they who will miss
■ his ever- ready -smiles.     Much sym-
•'pathy-ls'expressed-for the.grief-stricken "window In.her great bereavement.
Mr.- Herchmer ..and Mr. Young, of
Fernie,,representing   the' Coal   Com-
P'lfyTi were down'here Thursday night
,to attend the inquest.   •-.
!        The inquest to Inquire into the cause
' of death of..'Martin Stanclk who was
' killed Monday in No: 3 East Mine was
• to have tyeen .held .Thursday night,
- but owing to the absence of one of the
,. jurymen will be held to-night (Friday)
-    at 7.30.     7   7* '    _ '
l<. ■*
y '-An-Italian, "working for  tho  Now
• Michel- Sawmill Company" at New Mic-.
^   nosday afternoon .'about ,4. o'clock. „' A
log Jumped the-chute, hitting the uu-
- fortunate man on .the head and killing
him instantly.7' .This is the second
.-. perBon- kjlled. in. that manner .and"; on
tho same" 'chute, within? ilie fias'f t.iree
months.,1,'          i ■   -
a. . '- ,  ,,
'   „     '   MINE AT FflANK
A  fatal  accident occurred  at  the
.< shaft inlne at Frank on Wednesday
. last.    Silm Caravelas, ,who was working there was overcome by gas and
died of its effects.    The Inquest was
held by Coroner Plnkoy and a jury
on'Thursday and brought in a verdict
•    of accidental  death.     Tho funeral
takes place today (Friday).   . Tho do-
• ceased was a patlvo ,of Greece and
leaves a wlfo and family In tho old
country, "
ROSSLAND, B. C, Sept. 23.—Tho
Rossland miners decided to accept the
terms offered'by the management «nd
thus a strike which would have had
disastrous' results' has been avoided.
The company offered 25 cents increase
for underground work, the surface to
be as before, The voting-resulted 240
to accept and 100 to refuse.
As a direct result of tlie miners'
strike oh Vancouver Island theer is
every prospect of a coal famine all
along-the-Pacific coast and shipping
■interests are becoming concerned as .to
■the outcome of the dispute. Tramp
steamer operators, with vessels under
charter to transport wheat, lumber and
flbui. to the' United Kingdom and the
Far East, fear that the labor dispute
will completely disorganize their business.- l        ".''"-. -
• LONDON, Oct. 2.—At the conference of the labor federation of Swansea, President Smlllle In his opening
address said' that the mine owners
were now better off than . they - were
before the recent strike. While legislation had added-threepence or four-
pence to the' cost of production, prices
had risen eighteen pence to two -shillings, a Hon. The only.way to protect
the public in'these^instances; he;said,'
was to have state'ownership.
AUGUSTA, Ga., Sept. 30.'—One" citizen was killed, another probably, fatally shot and a third,.less seriously
injured, while a^ number of -persons
were,fired upon by the state guardsmen- called out today to protect the
power plant of the, local street railway
company from possible violence of Its
striking employes. ■ The guardsmen
were summoned when it was reported
that the plant was to be dynamited tonight and they hastily established a
"dead line." Alfred Dorn was killed
whan he and Ben A. Baker attempted
to pass the lino in a buggy. " When
challenged, Baker whipped up his
horse and the soldiers fired. Dorn
was literally shot to pieces and Baker
was shot but not dangerously wounded. Robert Christie attempted to drive
through the lines in an automobile
and it is said did not hear the sentry's challenge. He had gone but, a
few feet when he w;as shot through
the lungs and at the hospital it is
said, he is not expected to live. Chas!
Wilson, his wife and- child in an automobile,-were fired on but escaped unhurt. .Soldiers also shot at a boy on
a motorcycle, but did not hit him.   *
News of the shooting spread rapidly
and attracted thousands to the scene.
At the same time great crowds were
assembling In the mill district which
was the scene of, last night's rioting.
Just before dark the West'End'sympathizers spiked" the long Broad street
"t""* '' AGENT'S'STORF
Polander Wat Killed—Men Took Long
Chance Before Derailing Car
Kazlnilr.Kurparczul., n, Polnndor,
working cmv a flection of tho Groat
NorThorn nallwny, nt MorrlsHpy, was
run ovor and instantly killed on Sut-
urdny nftornoon, between thnt"plnco
and Fernio, whllo trying to take a
hand car off tho track, Thoy woro
coming to Fornlo, four of them, nnd
trying to rqach a BUltablo plnco to do.
mil tholr our, took too much chance,
and tho train struck tho ond of the
car, throwing It off nnd running, Knr-
purcsul. down, cutting him horribly,
death oiiHtilnR Immediately, Anothor
man wan struck nnd thrown somo
dhtr-j.ee, but elenr ot tho truck, and
received but BllRlit Injury. Tho body
wnn brought to Fornlo nnd plncod In
ThompHon ami MorrlHon's undortak-
ink room*.'
Whole Villages Collapse and Foreiti
Disappear—Hundred, of Fisher-
men Loat
TOICIO. Sopt. 30.—Comunlcatlona
havo not yot boon rostorod, but por-
aons arriving from tho province* re-
nort tlmt, th* loan of life nnd nronertv
line boon appalling. Whoro tho full
fury of tho typhoon was centred nothing -iRi boon loft, standing. Wholo villages havo toll ..psoil, temple*, schools
houses and tuoatroii havo boon wiped
out and in some place forests havo
disappeared. Troops linvo been callo _
out to nlrt In tho work of salvaRO. Tho
loin of tho mail boat at Shlmoneikl
la said to ho flno to cngtlKonce of tho
captain, who has alnco attempted aul*
eldo. Tour hundrod 8«pporb flatten
men were tort In the hurricane.
Rivera all over Japan aro In flood,
Tlto Ciuualtlu will be hcavlcut In
Iho vicnlty of tho ell.«» of Olfu, N*
Koya. and Kioto end tbe deaths way
nm Into thonsande,
That-the story, told bf the Waldo
bold-up by the Station Agent looks
somewhat fishy Is tho opinion of
Chief Minty. The chief, seen today,
said: "I took three constables down
there, as well as two G. N. detectives,
and a G. N. auditor. After fully Investigating tho matter and taking Into'
consideration all circumstances ln connection with the-holdup, I am of opinion that no hold up took place. Tho
agent has Blnce boon suspended by
the company, and is now, I bollovo, at
Kiillsplel, and, tlio company has an
auditor lh charge of the Waldo Station. His story doos not ring true,
nnd In some respects Is contradictory.
Another curlouB fact is that Doll, the
agent, has mado an offer to tho company to pay tho amount, $217,00 back
nt tlto rate of $50 a month, If thoy
will allow him to retain his position.
This In Itself lookB fishy. I, however, understand his books aro ln good
shape," The story of tho hold-up ns
originally told ls ns follows:
A Huccosuf.il holdup wub perpetrated nt Waldo, on tho Groat Northern
rnllwny. 20 miles south of Fornlo on
Siuidpy nlflht nbout 9 o'clock, whon
Station Agent Boll was going from tho
station lo IiIh homo. Mr. Bell was
currying a washtub nnd a lantorn whon
ho wan Hilddcnly accosted by a man,
vho tliniHt a gun In hla face and ordor-
rd'hlm to hold up hla .Hindu, Boll
obeyed bo far na tho tub was concerned
hy dropping It, but hold tho lantern up
with' tlio othor hand, while tho robber
went through IiIb clothing. Hoourlng
nliout $27n In om.Ii and aovoral hundrod dollars In chockB drawn by n
I umbel., company, Tho highwayman
wiih droBRed almllnr to a lumberjack
nnd had a hnndkorchlof manic ovor hla
fnno. Aftor securing what monoy Boll
hnd nnd taking n dlnmond ring from
hU finger tho robbor left, threatening
tlenlh to Dell If hn attempted to follow hint.
Aa Boon as tho man had gono Bell
... tilled Station Agon Thompson U.a
wlin tirttlflod Chief Mlnlv of thn urn
vine..11 pollco forco on. ».n englno wun
«"(_» on tho wny to Waldo with »oiii
or liv* policemen, After an. ail nl_-.il
u.<r_.i no trace of tlio robber coiH t.«.
(mind nnd tho aonrch waa kept up all
<Uy, though Chief Minty had to return
1o town upon other business, Up to
tho pre»ent,nothing la known of tho
mnn who did tho dwd and a aearchlng
pnrty will keep up the hunt till hla
trail la found.
'' October, 1 will be remembered by the
people of Fort Steele as the ,day upon
wh,lch she was connected .with all' the
out'erworld by the steel bands of' tho
Kootenay Central Railway, traffic
arrival' of the .first regular train from
Fernie. -
Mayor Bleasdell, Postmaster John?
son, J. It. Pollock, W. F. Muirhead, Mr
Skiijner and P. Robson, of the Western
Canada'Wholesale "C'b.', li. Al' Wilkes;'"
and many', other people from Fernie,
took the occasion of vilstlng the oldest town in the.Kootenay valley by
train.   ,
, Regular dally train service has been
established, a train-leaving Fernio of
7 a.m. for Steele and returning at
7  p.m.'
A new town has sprung .up nt the
mouth of, Bull River, named after tho
river, whoro a largo sawmill Is bolng
operated by the C. P. R. A larger hotel Is nearing completion nt this
place, and tho largo numbor of, men
employed in tho logging and lumbering operations of the big compnny
makes Bull Rlvor n busy llttlo burg,
The. distance from Fornlo to Stoolo
by tho now rond Is (11 miles, the Kootenay Central branching from tho main
lino of tho Crow a few mlloH west of
Jaffray, tho junction bolng cnlled Col-
valllo. Whllo moro intimately connected with Pernio by tho now rond,
yet Steolo will be adding buBlness to
all towns along tho tttosv, ovon T.oth-
bride not bolng out of roach of the
traffic from tho Kootenay valloy, muoh
of whleh will orlglnato hero In tho re-
Biirrecloil town of Stoolo.
An oxcurBlon to Fornlo on Saturday Is being tnll.od of by tho people
of Stoolo, and tho town of Fornlo will
l^lvo thorn u warm wdrouiu when thoy
como down.
INDIANAPOLIS, Oct. ].—Stationed
wlthintlio rail In the small court room
whero they occupied' nlmost half' the
space, the defendants charged with
complicity in the McNamura "dynamite plots"..were placed on trial be-
fore Federal Judge, Albert B. Anderson today,  i , "
At the h_>ad of.the list of defendants
who thus are brought into, court/exactly 2 years after the Los Angeles
dynamite case are Frank Ryan, President 7lnternatjonal. Association of
Bridge' and,;^Structural Ironworkers;
Ortie. B.J - McManlgal, once known as
"J. W. McGraw" on the. Pacific coast
who haV|been kept in custody .as a
witness for the prosecution ever since
his arrest in Detroit a, year ago last
April,. and Herbert S. Hookln, successor of John J. MeNamara as Secretary
and Treasurer of the union; McManlgal is accused of being the originator
of the dynamite conspiracy.
U. S. Senator,' J. W. Kern has been
retained as counsel for - the defendants , while the government will be
represented by District Attorney Chas.
W. Miller and his assistant.
, Sixteen defendants were placed under $10,000 bonds each, to appear for
trial and the others each under $5,-
000 bonds, making > an aggregate in
bonds of $350,000. ,   *
At the outset Ortie E.. McManlgal,
pleaded guilty. Eugene A. Clancy
and Olaf A. Tveitmoe, of San Francisco pleaded not guilty. All the other
defendants; at their arraignment, last
March had pleaded not guilty.'
Daniel J. Brophy,, Brooklyn,- N. Y., a
former, executive - board member of
_he    International ,   Asfeodatlo'n   ■ .of
Twelve, New Seats .Will be Created at
Session  Next Month
' EDMONTON, Sept. 30—Tho Alberta
general elections will be held between
November 15 and 25. *At a session of
the legislature ln October a redistribution bill will be passed and twelve
peats added. Edmonton und Calgary
each will have three menibci'B.
MONTREAL, Oct. 2—News was received here from St. Bernard, Dorchester County, this afternoon that .ten
children had been burned , to death
tliere. The father is Mr." Gravel, a
farmer, and the parents are said to
have been away playing cards with
neighbors when the fire broke out.
They saw the reflection of the flames
but apparently too late to avoid the'
(Special to the, District Ledger)
' NANAIMO, Oct. 3.—Situation on Island-unchanged. The companies are
maintaining the right to hire and discharge unquestioned. Our men have
been openly discriminated against. In
all probability we will make our demand for recognition and agreement.
Bridge and Structural-'1 Iran worker?
was reported .unable to be present on
account of having a broken le^.
■ A motion' to - set aside,", the •"• order-
consolidating the cases' made, on behalf of defendants was sustained. This
separate_rJtTiOAvaHous'"'InclWidu4ls "b'Ut-
left the defendants to be tried together. On the motion of tho government
the cases against J. W. Ryan, Peoria,
III.; Andrew* K, Kavanugh, Springfield, 111.; and Patrick H. Ryan"; Chicago were dismissed. All the men had
beon Identified 'with'the Iron Workers'
Union.   '
Ettor and Giovannitti
Trial Commences
Only Four Jurors Selected—Parad-
ers Clubbed into Insensibility—
Haywood Threatened
(Special lo the Ledger)
SALEM, Oct.' 2.—The Ettor nnd
Gtovanittl trial which has attracted
world wide atentlon commenced on
Monday, beptember 30. The day was
marked by 12,000 mill operatives taking a 24 hour holiday and parading the
streets. The town Is crowded, men,
women and children coming in from
the neighboring camps of Lynn, Lay-
rence, Lowell, Quincy and many others. On Oct. 1, while a procession
was going on in Lawrence, the police,
without any warning, dashed In aud
clubbed fifty men and Women into insensibility.
The organizers of the I. - W. W.,
Frank Morris and Jos. O. Carroll, were
attacked on Essex Street In the heart
of tbe city Tuesday and badly beaten.
They were returning from a meeting
they had addressed, when, seeing that
they were" followed by a crowd of
young 'men, they called a policeman to
protect them. The officer followed
then for a while, but saw no indication of trouble.
When the. two men reached tbe
vlcinlty^df their hotel the crowd closed
In and they were severely handled,
finally escaping Into the hotel. One
arrest was made.
companions thus far hns been very
similar to the trial of thc men implicated in tho fatal bomb throwing
during Chicago riots a quarter of a
century ago. The men tried ln Chicago wero not accused of throwing
the fata! bomb, but were charged with
Inciting their followers. Ettor and
Glovonltti too are not being tried for
the actual killing, but for causing riots
which' caused murder.
The elder Ettorls still living being
a- prosperous resident of Tacoma,
Washington, Haywood and, Mrs.
Caruso shared honors of attracting
court room attention,l and were followed by't great crowds. After
threatening1 telegram came to police,
Haywood tried to get' permission to
carry a revolver. But was denied this.
Four jurors secured thus far are
Christian W. Larsen, hairdresser, of
Haverhill; Robert S. Stillman, carpenter of Rockp'ort; Willis P. Cressyi sail-
maker of Gloucester; George F. Burgess, leather merchant,- Lynn. Trial
will be protracted; It may be weeks
before even jurors are sworn. In the
meantime the lawyers for defendants
are doing utmost to secure bail for
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Oct. 2.—
Although surrounded in the mountains
by, soldiers'under J_ieut Bell, of Company- I., First Infantry,' the party that
last night fired on an outpost at Kee-
ferton,_W,_jya succeeded_4n_brfiaklne:	
through    the -" lines.       Bloodhounds [William D.  Haywood,  the I.  W.  W.
reached the scene of the skirmish early Ileader- who is-in, Salem offering encouragement to Ettor, Glovanitti and
(Special to the Ledger)
SALEM, Mass. Oct. 3.—City Marshall I_ehan,"of Salem, received telegram today from Chicago from General Secretary Vincent St. John, of
I. W. W., saying that man had , left
New York for Salem  to assassinate
LAWRENCE, Mass., Oct. 3.—Excitement over Salem trial remains av
fever heat, not only in Lawrence—
scene of great strike—but in the mill
cities of Lynn, Salem, Lowell, Quincy
and many others. whose workers are
In sympathy with men on trial. Riots
in Lawrence yesterday ln which hundreds were hurt, but none killed, was
today, but reports from military headquarters gave no encouragement that
a'capture would'be effected. ■
Governor. Glasscock continued his ef-,
forts '.ofi-rithg" peace to ".he'"disturbed
coal country today. It was stated that
attorneyB'for.he mine guards, Imprisoned at the ordor of-the military com
mission would, upon the governor's
advice, wlth'draw the court proceeding
looking to the release of the guards,
This action, lt was stated, followed a
conference in which the governor quoted decisions to show that his position
was sustained by the courts whon portions of Colorado nnd Idaho wore under martial law,
Conl-Crook Mines havo worked 21
days during Soptombcr. Tho output
of coal for September was over 0:1,000
tons, as again st 60,000 ion., for tht.
month of August.     Thore wero 3iS
ears confiscated, which roBtiltod in
a Iobb to tho i'non of 137 tons Kl cwt.
whleh reckoned ln hard ensh amounts
to $81.08. ThlB Ih put In tho doekngo
Ttie totAhtii) tB-.lt-. btt-it«*_i TtrtiUt
ami Conl Cnjefr, vrhkh mnr. to tal..
place thli iatunlay, baa been pott
BRINQ $1,000,000.00
CALGARY, Oct. 2.-A deal .■ reported doted betwotn tho Dominion
Conl and Iron Co. and A. If. Ford of
CrtlKt-T, whewbf th* former become*
poutmor of tbo Ftard tv*\ »«•■*» In
tfi<i .Ff£h Rfwr nfitrfi;., romprfnfne,
f.1,000 *«*•. Th* parchue price hi
Mid to b« 11,000,000.,
PHn.A.)K...'T!IA, Sept. 30,—The
Htrlko of tho 10,000 minors of tlto Lehigh Conl Navlimtlon Company, nt
I\>ttBvlllo, whleh wob enlled liewniBo
tho compnny refiiHod to dlflchnrgr. a
fow men who refused to Join tho union,
haB tied up every rolllory or tho company, nnd for tho past throo weeks
llttlo work has boon dono.
Tho Btrlko Involves not only tho 10,.
000 miners but about nn equal number
of railroad omployoa and othors, nnd
affuctu moro or Icbb 100,000 peruona In
all—mon, womon and t-hlldron.    ,
Tho operator* tire wroth nt tho _.tand
tnkon bv the mlnem, dwlnvlnp that
Just at n tlmo whon mining Is exceptionally profitable tho strike should
havo been called. Tho Lehigh Conl
and Nsrlc-itlor. Company which han
boon In business ulneo 1820, In ono o(
tho lurgo.t mining companies In tho
Tlio helplessness of tho opera torn to
mlno tho ship cool' nnd lho enormoun
dnlly loss which tho company BiiRlnlns,
lias filled tlto miners with confidence
thst tho company will sobn capitulate
and dtschargc tho ccabs.
Tho trlnl or MathliiB Jnaboc, linpll-
cmud with I'It/. l_ln__'tu In the unmldi
of ConBtnblo Geo. K, .Wllmott, nf lho
... N. W, M ]\"'nt Fr.vik, Albeit:.,
April 13, 1008, will come up a. Macieod
on (.(.toller f.. nt which tlmo llio enao
will bo Hoi for trial. .-.Iiu:tn wun round
guilty of tho charge nnd wkb nmtenc-
ed to ho hanged .lunn 2G, Inst, hul
Blnce han Imk.ii grnnled n reprieve till
Novombor 2.
tho grain movement from tho west
getH under way nt onco, a shortngo
of coal In the prnlrlo provinces is fore-
Been by tho local Bhlppors. Thoy
Htato that once tho crop movement begins tho trni-Bporlatlon fncllltlos will
lio taxotP to tholr utmost and thoro
will bo llttlo ehanco of getting tho conl
west.   ■
Caruso, tho strike leaders whose trial
was halted until October 14, because
tbe original •venure of 350 became exhausted., , ..Being, unnblo ,to secure. a
jury in capital case from 350 men
makes new Massachusetts record.
Three hundred and fifty New Essex
County possible jurors will appear at
Snlem Court, October 14, when trial Is
resumed. The clerk's two'municipalities in Essex Oounty have been asked
today to'call upon Uioro 350 men from
which eight will bo selected to act as
Jurors In famous caso, with four already selected. It boenmo known
today that Ettor Inherits his labor
helping fight spirit from Ettor's father, who figured In Chicago riots In
1880, in tho bitter fight there for un
eight-hour day, and It seems a coincidence that tho trial of Ettor nnd his
followed by calm today, as the mills
today began operations.- Some-of. the
mill men who were in protest against'
Imprisonment of Ettor were reinstated in mills today. Action regarding
another great Lawrence strike was deferred last night at a meeting of central committee of I, W_'W. Tho'mns*-
Connelly of State Board ot Arbitration ,
and Conciliation, arrived In Lawrence
this evening to investigate conditions,
to Intorvlow mill officers and employees and report Ills findings to
board. Mayor Scnnlnn today called
a spoclnl meeting of tho board of
Aldermen to iormulnte plans for a
monster October 12 parade, ln which
nil city societies aro to,bo asked to
parndo with American flogs, Many
bollovo this Is a direct slap at I. W. W.
ln whose last Sunday's parndo hardly
an American flag was seen and red
and black flags of Socialists and An-
archlBls prevailed.
OTTAWA, Kept 80.—A prochms-
tlon will tx. Issued within a dny or so
fflxfnir Monday, October tnth. tm «
imbllc hcHd-sr nod ij*f for «<■/.«*!
"thuntoeMnt; thnntfuMt Cauda." for
the bounteous mercies ef the past
ysar." .
Tacoma Mother Suing Church Dignitary for 940,000 for Keeping
Girl from Parents
TACOMA, Wash., Sept.' UO.—In all
probability little Mnrjorln Klomnn. the
glil whose ulU-Kcil kidnapping A year
nnd n half nan hns mimed the still fnr
140,000 to he brought by .hor mother,
Mru. MngnuKon, against Bishop ■O'.'.en
and other church dignitaries of tho
■A-.-aiiqmy.of the Visitation.' In JudRO
Card's court here, will bo placed on th«i
etnnd today.
Wh< .1 Judge Curd niled yesterday
thnt tho godllneH or ungodliness of the
mother hnd no bearing whatever on
tho Unties, he dealt n most severe blow
to tho defence, which argues tbo defendants wero Justified In keeping tho
Rlrl from Iter mother owlau to '.»-.
moral surrounding*'
TUti dufciuiu uuked Min, ..UKUUtou
ycrsterday; "What is your husband doing nowr Attorney Kelly/for the
plaintiff, objected on the tfWmdi thnt
thn answer wss irrelevant. When tho
Merit* lndI«ri..raJy denied thai It wait
frm.'.rnnr (hn cotrrf onlcrcd _tu_ <.uc_.
tton answered, and Attorney Kelly
said. "He »s dead."
LAFAYETTE, Ind., Oct. l.—Hofor-
endum vote of tlm loenl unions In the
United StntoH and Canada cm.iyaR_.od
todny, Hhow tlmt a rotiolutlon put potting withdrawal of the painters, do-
cornloi'H nnd pnpcrlmiiRcru of America
from the building InuUm department
of the America Federation of Labor
wiib defeated by n large majority,      ,
doard of Conciliation Succeeds (n Ad-
justing Inverness Miners' Trouble
OTTAWA, Sopt, 30.—The minister
of labor In In receipt of deiipateh from
Mr. Flnlny MneDonnld or flydnoy, N,
&.; stating that tho boned of conciliation OHtnbllnlicd eometlmcti ulnee to
udJtiRt a dlHputo at the Invoriictiri conl
mine.. hnH succeeded lu iniichliig nu
nmlcablo ngroomont, Tho dispute In [only
.pH'stlon concerned nbout r.0<» em-
n!nw>m. Iho mntfen. nt Ismw concern>
lng liquidation of wiikch. rentH of mlif
er'« hoiifles anil other points, Chair-
mnn MneDonnld roportu that an agreement acceptable to tho men li«« been
ratified by tho company which socur*
en the tti'-n a substantial reduction In
rent, /i ii rl arraugcmcritfl for tho speedy
hearing of grievances.
OTTAWA, Oet. 'J.—Ill llio stiprnmo
court today criminal nppoul was heard
In lho caso of Kbcrttt vh, King. The
appellant wiih convicted of tlio murder
nl n Mounted I'olicemau, Wlllmott, at
Frank, Alta., during a mining strike,
.\|irll, I DOS and he Ih under iiciiU'iii-o uf
death, On an appeal to tho Supreme
Court or Alberta conviction wun at-
I'miiwI, Mr. .ItiHtlcc Heck dlHwmtliif,
Tlio appellant contetnlM thai hh <lc
fi.nrn of alibi wan proved, thai evidence could not Hiipport a conviction
ter 1.1 rdor, but merely for .i!i"i.i..n!;i_
ter, iiiid thnt trial Judg'i erred In direct
Iiu. I);i« Jury; that the/ had upon ml-
den'e to find appellant cIMier t-ulliy or
not i.ullty of murder. On tho pnrt or
the i iown It Ih cmil«>'»led tlmt 'he de.
I'-c-f! wiih nn nllhl nn'". conviction wn»
fn,* iiunlnr. , It •<» imw open to ..ho
ni'l **"nii1 to urge Mint the rmivlcilrm
k'iou' I have been   for   imui,il:iunlnc"
Tho second nf Vn 'rmlpr l« -i fvetii!
da/ .m* Fritz Kbo.-la, undo, nniteiiro of
dft.i.h for the muiili'f of I'ollcem.ir
V' n rtt, To begin with, tlio nee o,:u
of November is Kbt^iN birthday., Jt
wan on a certain.second of November
thnt he wn« burled In the mine'ft.
'   ..xnmliintloiiN under tho Coal MlneB
Regulation Act for Int. 2nd and'3rd
ehiBB certificates of competency will
ho held nt Fernie, N'nnnlmo, Cumberland and Merritt on tho 20th, flOth'and
JllHt days of October, 1012.     Application  must bo mndo to Tully Uoyco,
Secretary. Nanaimo, It. C, not Inter
than Saturday, October 10th, 1012, on
the official  forms furnished by tho
board whleh cnn be obtained from the
Secretary or tho District Inspector or
Mini;.-, ,i< owipanlul by Uiu ..tatutory
fee iih follows:    For 1 kt and 2nd chiflH
evnmlnntlon $10,00;  for ?,rd eland ex-
nmliintlnii. $5.00,
Lord  Staldwin, Acting nc Arbitrator,
Decides in Their Favor,
LONDON, Sept. I!". The nlirl-
Irntoi' In tlie dispute of tho coal miners In- HoiHh W'nli'h nnd .Monmouth-
Hhlre In rcHpect to tlm minimum wngo
granted them under thn minimum
Wage act, Lord Staldwin has given IiIh
derlulou In favor of lie1 men. The-
wage of four »IiII3Iiij;h und seven |H .ice
n dny will ho r-nutluucd and not re-
diif-ed ami oilier woil; will be given
ihrjHi- miIiu'I'h who aii' unable to ciirn
wiigoH at piece work,
HKUILIN,   Sept,
quenco of the ri.pl
.10,—As   a   rouse-
lly-rlwl-.j. .prices of
VA-.CO.-VG.., Rep.. TA   <\>i\\'Mi\'.-.,
concerning thn operation of the Indus*
UUl DUpuU.4 UU il ..".>iu..lliu.u_. AU nt
1907, known more generally as tbo.Le-
mleiiit Act, were made to Sir Ocorgc
Askwllh and !.. Mllcholl of the Industrial Council of Great lUrltaln by ... H.
M* Vety »uil Jt. P. Pettlplero ou belief
of thc Vancouver Ulio. and tt-ulc (.cm-
ell snd the llrltlsh Columbia Federation of \Ahar today.
Frank by a fall of ro>.'K nnd remain-j meat  tho ■conHiimptlon of horoellciii
ed there for sit hours.     It was on In flermany Is Increastng to nn extra-
tho second of November, Hill, Hint
he was nrrcsted for murne,'. m> will
go to llio Knllows on tho second of
November coming unless the Supremo
Court of CaiU'-l,. lu'.ervciiM,
U)ft AN'OISLKfl. Ca!., Sept, .10.--
Clarenee B, Darrow Is willing to act
«s arbitrator of the miners' etritro at
.Unirfwm, tSUiit. according to bis atat<*-
mcjnt today. *'ff tlia ttidtctmenta yiiid
Ins apilnst me do not interfere, I
would bo glad to serve," lie said.
ordinary extent.
In Merlin, f>,__.l horses wero Rhumb-
tored for human fond In the firm hIx
months of this year nitalnst i.ltlt in
the eovrcajiomU-ifi yrU)<\ uf tOJI. I..i_t
month, 1,000 horses were killed or
fuutl in IUiillu Mn\ lu t,ho wotkiu.uk'i.
quarters of the city between 20 and
SO more shops opened for the sale of
horseflesh nnd horso sfltisnges.
From nil parts of the empire como
reports ef what Is called tbo "meat
W'&v" prot-Kt .'iucfttiuBs. aswtiut tU
closing of frontiers, boycotts of butchers nnd similar messages. :>-■:-■*.'..
-.'_. I. f
■y yy
:7„ >.
Its Constitution,
Origin and Uses
Coal is a substance of very variable
composition. There are a number of
varieties of it, and each class contains
substances differing widely from each
other, both in appearance, in behavior
, when burning, 'and in composition.
There is no standard coal.. The term
coal is a popular one, and has never
been closely defined. In popular Ian-
guage it is spoken of as a mineral.
In a scientific sense it is not a mineral,
and only general usages sanctions the
use of the term mineral applied to
eoal. We speak of the mineral wealth
of a nation or. country. In nearly
all cases when the term Is used it includes coal, indeed In many cases other
substances which are true minerals aro
not thought of when the expression
mineral wealth is used—it refers chiefly to the supplies of coal which avo
"available. A mineral is defined rts an
inorganic substance, that,is in no form
-tfr shape hajs life played any part in its
origin. Now whatever may be the
opinions held as to how coal has been
' formed, there is a very general agreement on the oi'.'i.-. origin of coal, thai
it has original au from in.} m-iwih.
■ primarily ol sou. forpi oi \ "i-c t.iniJii
Allhoigh it ia,-i co union practice to
speak of coal as a mineral, it is well to
remember that a distinction is sometimes .drawn between coals and minerals. In 1S53 a law suit took place
in Edinburgh to decide whether a variety of cannel coal *-known as tor-
banite was a coal or a mineral. The
lessees of Torbanehill at that time
' had power to work coals, but not minerals, and it was claimed by the owners (hat torbanito was a mineral and
hot a coal. Tho courts, however, "decided that torbanlte was a coal, and
that the lessees were within , their
rights. ' (Arbour in The Natural History of Coal). In such a case the term
mineral was reserved for substances
like iron or galena, the ore, of copper
and other metals which, so far as we
know, do not owe their existence to
organic growths.
The classification of coals, is a very
difficult matter,' and .perhaps no single'
method is -quite satisfactory.     As in
these articles the constitution of coal,'
from a commercial standpoint, has already -been dealt with, we may proceed*
to classify coals from the standpoint
of fixed carbon they contain.
Gaseous—50 to 60 p.c. fixed carbon;
50 to 40 p.c. of volatile matter,'
Bituminous (house, manufacturing
and Gas)—GO to 8,2 p.c. fixed carbon;
40 to T8 p.c. volatile matter. ,
\ Semi-Bituminous (Steam or Dry
Coals)—82 to 88 p.c.'fixed carbon; 18
to 12 p:c. volatile matter.
'Anthracite—88 to-96 p.c. fixed carbon; 12 to 4 volatile* matter.
Another classification adopted is based on the percentage of volatile hydrocarbons alone.
Up to 8'por cent of volatile hydrocarbons the coals are anthracite.
From 8 to 1G per cent of volntll'o
hydrocarbons tho cohls are semi-anthracite.
From 10 to 2(1 per cent of volatile
hydrocarbons tho coals are short flamed.
From 20 to H2 per cent of volatile
hydrocarbons tho coals are normal
Oyer ?.2 per cont of volatile hydro-
carbons the co:i1b are longflnmed.
A classification on the Industrial
iipps of coals Is snmot lines used, tlmt
1», coals,aro Bpokcn of as houso coal,
steam coal, eoklug coal, muiiufncluring coal and gun coal, Thlfi mothod
of clnBHlfylng i-nnlH mny lie fairly sat-
lnfuolory for wile purposes, but It Is
obvloimly ImpOHHlblo to apply It In a
Kouoriil or universal sense, For example, the '-oklng coals of West Durham nro used In that district an houso
coals; mnny of the so-cnlh>d manufacturing (Gal,, aic iiuiuii..l,v usiiid foi
.ileum ntliiliif., domcailc and oilier pur-
jiohch; -mil In dlstrleis 111;" tin. \\V.il-
crn pint, of South Wales the locally
prodiKcd anlhracltc Iiiih lo hi* uhimI
for .."iienil lieat-proilucliiR purposed.
'PIiohp terms, fiiu-h ns Iiouho, Blenm,
etc,, usually apply u> conls wllh cor-
lain propcrlloH Mint make tliem npecl-
ally applicable for the purpoHiw their
■ naiiH'.i liidlriil.', Jloiiim coal Ih oiie
that h ri"idlly Ignlled, .nirim freely
without cnkhiK. nlves nut t>. fnlr iim-
oiinl of heat, mid I(.ivoh a small amount of dark colored ash. Thc term
Blenm coal Ih applied to coals which
Klvt: out it great amount of heal,-Ignite
readily, do not (tike, give off llttlo or
no Hiiioliu, and do' not have a fualble
tiHh. The host of them, conls lite produced lu South Wulmi, In iho antral
portion!, of Mw. conlfield. nnd lieeniiup
of their character they iiru known as
t.i;)__.i!'li'HH coalB, llicy .no highly valued, l.otli by tin: IJ_-U_i.li Admiral!)
nml the n.i\|c3 of other nations. In
(luallly they are bulwcuu aiitlirncHo
and hlliimlnoUH coals; like the f.rinor
Uiey give oil groat hem ami little or
no smoke, nnd like tho latter thoy nro
fnlrly#erisy to Ignite, It Is soniotlmes
assumed thnt high class Htenm ronls
are-got only in South Wales, ' This is
not correct. Coals almost equal in
quality for;steam raising are mined
in North Staffordshire, but their use
on ocean going liners and warships
is handicapped by , the distance of
North Staffordshire from the '•- seaboard. Good steam coals are mined
in other districts. A portion of - the
famous .Barnsley Bed' of Yorkshire is
highly esteemed as a steam coal, and
extensively used in the North Sea and
the Baltic The "hard" coals of
Northumberland and some of those
mined in North and East Durham are
used for the same purpose.
The properties esteemed in a coking
It will lie noted ..that passing frour
wood to anthracite, there "is a gradual
increase in the percentage of carbon,
a reduction in that of hydrogen, and
a still. greater diminution'in the proportion of oxygen. These figures must
be taken as typical only, for each class
varies iri composition* and sometimes
one class merges into another in' such
a way that it is difficult,exactly where
to place particular "samples. Tables
such as this have given rise to' the
so-called theory o£ "peat to anthracite," that^is, regarding peat as t.>e
childhood and anthracite as the old
age of coal;:_ind the-process by which
anthracite has been formed has been
by a gradual one of carbonisation; in
nature a process „has gone- on-very"
similar to what takes.place^n a" modern coke oven, the volatile'dr gaseous
elements have been "driven-off until
the residue is almost entirely compos-.,
ed of carbon. This theory requires
modification, its will be shown later.
If it were correct then the most perfect
coal are that the coal on burning ad- cotl1 would.be.graphite, which is near:
hercs together, forming a firm coko,
which contains littlo ash and sulphur.
The coking property,Is a valuable one.
Iu districts producing free-burning or
non-coking coals, the smnll 'coals is
often almost, worthless.     It is consum-
ly pure .carbon, but graphite is not a
fuel because under ordinary circumstances it won't burn. Nor in a practical or "fuel" sense Is antnraclte the
most perfect coal. True it is the
most highly carbonized coal, but jutlg
ed as far as possible under the col- «d fl'om tho standpoint of being a fuel
llcry boilers, but it is often difficult:1110 most l)ei'fect coal is Ule bllumln-
to sell  the residue, and it brings a
,ous variety, as it readily ignites and
small price. With a co.ring coal the >m's- whl,e anthracite ignites with
small coal is'as valuable.al.nostas' the :difficulty and requires for Us corn-
large, for it is converted into coke, los Ibustlon a verjoBtrong draught,
ing from a quarter to half its weight! For ,liese considerations the coals
ii, the process, but still yielding a pro- jraa* be classified as follows:,
duct for which a good price is got. I U> Peat- , (2) n«w" coal- W
In addition, in modern, coking plants Lignite. (4) Cannel, 'including Bog-
thtf gases and tar driven off in lhe;head cnnnel- Torbanito and Cracklers
coking, process ' are recovered arid :°r Pan'ot coal- W Bituminous with
made use of.     The'bye-products ob-|its W° varieties, coking_and non-cok-
" i ing or free burning.      (C)   Semi-aii-
thracite or steam coals.     i.7) Anlhra-
high class steam coals of commerce,
and as having .properties midway-between those of a free-burning coal and
an anthracite. -,
Anthracite oi" stone coal is easily
distinguished from a free-burning coal.-
It is brilliant black in color, clean to
the touch, very bard and brittle, semi-
metallic in appearance. It is chiefly
mined in the Swansea district of South
Wales, and Immense quantities of it
aro got in the Apellachinn coalfield of
the Uhited ■ States. It is most dlffl-
culbto' ignite and burn, but in a strong
draught gives out groat heat, but no
smoke." The.small or slack of anthracite is known as "culm" iu Devonshire,
Pembroke and pther parts of South
Wales.—Science and Art of Mining.
tained are tar, ammonia, sometimes
benzol; and a large quantity of ,.as
which Is'partly used in.heating the
coke ovens, aud after that' there is
often a large residue which may bo
burnt under steam boilers.     The term
Peat is a compact fibrous substance
dark brown in; color, sometimes quite,
black, in which it is not at first ap-
manufacturing coal covers, classes ,Parent that it,has a fibrous texture,
which are not coking, house, or" good A 1,oat bed ma>' varv from a few incl1'
steam raising coals.' Generally they es "P to man-v f<?ct ln thickness. There
are low In price and used for a great ,a:'e man>"llow forming in Great Britain
varlciv of purposes ' where special' and Ireland. They grow very slowly,
qualities are not required; second and ;aml wlien cu. through are seen to be
third rate domestic coals, locomotive ■ compose* of different classes,of vege-
coal, steam raising coals in works i tiUion'„ wl*h a "vlng species at the top.
would all come under this .beading. J Professor Arbour classifies' peat beds
Gas coals, or those used in making as »> uI,land- ailcl (2) Rowland. The
Humin'ating gas, must possess, two!fonner is found chiefl-v on h^s and
distinct properties; first they must' m0UnlBom8' ; ^ the AVestorn parts of
vleld, on heating in a closed ; Scotland, the areas of maximum rain-
vessel or retort, a large amount'of gasj fall> thes? l)eal beds are seen to be
fairly rich in hydrocarbons, that. is, now-'folrmlng, and  trees which  have"
grown in the vicinity, when tliey 'have
ceasad to grow and have fallen go to
swell the mass'. Lowland peats form
on marshy land; the living .vegetation
compounds of hydrogen and- carbon;
and second, they- must ,coke. .Incidentally it,may be noted that if they
contain much "sulphur their quality-is
carbons, is the principal product from
these coals, but the coke,is an important and valuable bye-product. . ■ A
coal may yield on heating a .large amount of gas of the right character, but
if it did' not also yield coke,- it would
not be in the sense in which the term
is used, a gas coal.
' In iron-making districts there is another industrial term applied to a
class of coals, viz., "forgo coal.",j For
uso in' puddling furnace ,a coal 'that
burns with a long flame and is almost
freo from sulphur is highly esteemed,
The old South Staffordshire district
owes.its pre-eminence for Iron making
to the fact that within its boundaries
coals with, these characteristics havo
beon extensively mined,
These terms and mothods of classifying coals are useful,, and even If considered unscientific are woll known
nnd convoy certain distinct Impressions. To tho general ntudent, however, thoy nro not, sufficient. Probably tho classification that Is most
h.i11hfactory ls that based on tho chemical composition, Coals coiiHlst chiefly of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen,
with a llttlo nitrogen, Small quantl-
ttt-E of sulphur are pronont, and still
[.mailer quantities of phosphorus and
arson le. Carbon In nil coals Is In e\-
ccub of any of lho othor elements, and
In the mnro perfect oonli. It exceeds
in fjiinntlty all Iho other elements put
together. ' Tho compounds of cnriion
and hydrogen combine.) wllh oxygen to
fr.rm water, anil the excea,. of carbon
t.Jil.il.UK   III   nil'   I'ullllH   CUI bl.ll   llUl,\|(].<
and-enrbou monoxide, Thn nllro-son
( nmblnea with Rome of thc hydrogen to
form iimmonln, It, Iiuh already been
lifted thai -Milpbur In a very iiiuIoh!.-
Coal Briquetting
in Nova Scotia
These peat beds are seen in the Fen
district of' England 'and the' central
portions of Ireland.' . Some peat -bogs
are found when cut tin-ought to" consist of alternate layers of moss and
grass and forest, trees, the latter, almost converted into lignite. In Ireland and Scotland peat is usefl as a
fuel; it is cut and'stacked to dry."
Even then It always cohtains a large
quantity of water, and is an indifferent fuel, burning with a great deal
of smoke and often a sharp stinging
Lignites'1 are ;coals" still retaining on
closo inspection, a woody texture, and
are made up of slightly altered1 wood,
a quantity of structureless vegetation
and fragments of barks and leaves.
Very compact lignites aro known as
Earthly Lignites bocnuso of tholr tendency to crumble Into dust. In UiIb
country Lignite is found nt Bovoy
Traccy In l.ovonshlro, a little South-
Wost of Exeter. Tho bed Ik mnny
feet thick, spilt up by layers of sand
and composed of coniferous .trees of a
similar species to tho Mammoth tram
of California. This fuol wns mined
UH fnr back as 1714. Large deposits
of lignite occur In tho Rocky Moun-
tniu regions of tho United Slates, in
tlennatiy, Russia nnd .Inpnn,   '
Brown coal Ih distinguished from
lignite'in that .there Ib no obvious
woody ntructiiro, It moro nearly ro-
Boinblos ii caiinel coiiI, but differs from
It In chemical composition. Brown
conls do-not occur In- Gront, Brltnlii,
but aro found In Au. Irla, Hungr,., A ill.
and North America,
These vnrletlei. nf fuel arn tn a gen-
logical sense young; thoy nro found hi
Htrata of comparnllvoly recent ago, In
cnnlriiMl to-the olhei-B now to be <1lt_-
New  and   Promising   Industry—Desirable Fuel Properties of Briquettes
In the modern method of mining
bituminous • coal large quantities of
clack are produced"; and while in
some sections of the country there is
a market for the slack/for-use iii industrial plants provided with mechanical stokers, in other sections there is
little or no market for it. For this
reason a number of the operators in
Nova Scotia'are considering the; installation of briquetting "plants for'tlie
purpose of converting this slack into
a higher grade'and more suitable fuel.
Plant at the MacKay Mine '
'■ On account' o"f' the friable nature of
the coal mined at the MacKay .Mine
much slack Is made during mining
operations. As. there is little or no
ment installed a briquetting plant with
a capacity "of 10 tons'of briquettes per
hour., This' is'"the first plant to be
installed in Canada for the purpose of
briquetting bituminous coal. Unfor:
tuna'tf-ly it was' damaged by fire during the month of July.
The' same company are also installing two similar units at the Colonial
A'Une, which' are expected to be In
operation this'year.
The briquet.ing.'plants aro of Belgian manufacture and are of the roll
press type.
Tho following is a.short description of the 'MacKay briquetting plant;
The c"oal from the mlno ls screened
over a % Inch screen; tho lump coal
(over %' Inches) is sent to market,
and tho fine coal Is carried by a disc
elevator to a 75 ton bin. Tho coal
is discharged from the bin by chuto
Into a 10 ton concrete pocket situated
at tho brlquottlng plant. The conl
Is then elevated hy n bucket elovntor
to a 3 ton cone hopper. The coal Ib
fed ..from tho hopper to tho disintegrator at any doslred rato of spood liy
moans of a revolving tnblo and plougli
shaped cutter situated'- fit tho bottom of tho hopper.
Tho pitch aftor bolng oriiHhed Is
fed Into tho. disintegrator by moans
of n HlmllarndJiiHtnblo food, From
llio disintegrator to tho mixer whore
Riiporlmatcd steam la added. Tho
honied cool Is then convoyed to tho
roll press by monnn of a spiral conveyor, The hrlqiietlOB nro usually
tioft ;m they come from the jolla but
upon becoming Hllplitly cool lhe.Vi become  hnrd   and   withstand  handling-
very well, - „,      - _   "
, The pitch used as a binder for the
briquettes varies from C to 8 per cent,
of'the weight of the coal. This pitch
is ono of the by-products obtained
from the tar'recovered at .the Domii_-r
ion Iron and Steel Company's coke
oven plants.''      ''      :_..
The briquettes are ovoid in shape.
The briquettes are ovoid in' shape
and have been used with considerable
success upon the Intercolonial Railway for domestic purposes. ,
The Inverness Railway and Coal
Company are also installing a briquetting plant at Inverness,- C.B., - for the
purpose of briquetting the slack made
during tlie mining operations.
Advantages of Briquettes
' Briquettes when properly made with
a suitable binder possess the following advantages .over raw fuel.
1. The, even size .of the briquettes
permits'of a more regular and thoro'
combustion iii the firebox or furnace,
as the speces that exist between adjacent blocks allow of even distribution of air through the fire 'and the
pressure drop through the fire' is also
2. A good briquette holds its shape
in the fire, so that even" when,diking
coals are used"-they" do,not coke together sufficiently to cut -off the air
for combustion and the gases are
burned as fast as-distilled off.
3. Practically no smoke' should be
obtained from the combustion of good
briquettes. "   y
4. Briquettes, generally burn to; a
fine ash rather than a clinker, as in
-the briquetting - process the , mixing
aiid. grinding "thoroughly, distribute
the ash. material, which ,in the raw
fuel exists iri spots and layers arid is
fused into".clinker .instead, of falling
-tbrough-the-graterr-^ yy^S-—~-^-
' . - °        -      _
5. The characteristic, fineness of
the.ash from briquettes allows of keeping 'a better fire, with less attention
and "poking tlian is possible' with raw
fuel under the same conditions.
6. The .evaporation per pound of
fuel is greater from the briquetted
than from the same coai In its natural'
state. This advantage Is maintained
at all rates of evaporation, .
. 7. The,capacity of, a boiler is considerably increased by the use of briquetted fuel!
.,8, The weather-resisting qualities of
many coajs, and especially .lignites,
are greatly Improved by'briquetting;
9. Briquettes appnrently ' give n
longer ,flame than run-of-mlno coal,
10. It Is much easier to raise and
to keep up-steam with briquettes than
with run-of-mlno coal,   .
11. Higher rates .of combustion are
posslblo with brlquottoB niui conseclu-
ontly lilgher power.   . , ^
12. When .properly made'thero is
loss loss from breakage during transportation of briquettes than of run-of-
mlno coal.
,• 2.'' Ammonia.—This" amounts'^. to
about -'20 ■ pounds-.'of'ammonium sulphate' to sthe ton of coal charged'.and
Is worth about $J1 per ton., ,' The.ammonia may be recovered as ammonium
sulphate for fertilizer or as' a concen--
trated, liquor foi", refrigeration purposes.-'-'   ' „   * -:--'   ■'"'._.. \
3." Tar.—This amounts ■,' to' from ~ T
to.9 gallons„p.er ton..of coal .'charged;
and is wortlpfrom;2'to Scents per gallon^, in the crude state! ' The tar.is
worth far, more if "distilled—creosote,
light oils, carbolic acid and pitch being
recovered. , The' bitch 'is valuable' as'
a binder ,in the manufacture of" coal
briquettes.' • " .  7 ■'■''   7    .
. °Hence the total value of by-products
saved per ton of coarcharged into-an
oven is as follows:      '      7"
Highep yield of coke-MO-
to' 15 per .cent, coke' at ■
$4.50  per  ton   (average"-"
value for- beehive coke in    ■
Western Canada  $0.45 to .67^
Gas—5000 cu. ft.'at 10c.    .       ,.   ■
per M   0.50    ■      . -
Ammonium   Sulphate—20    -    -
lbs' at $71 per ton  .... 0.71
Tar—7  to 9 gals, at 2c.
per gal.  ..' ■ 0.14 to.IS
'"   Total  _ $1.80 to 2.00 ys
Iii 1910 Canada produced about 367,-
285 tons of behivo coke, valued at
?1,G5S,987,- from-575,583 tons,of coal,
consequently. thore was over $1,110,-
000 wasted In by-products by the use
of the beehive industry. . -.-  ,   '
Danish Government to,. Pass  Leglsla-
"  tlon Reforming trie Franchise
COPENHAGEN,' Sept. 30.—During
the coming session'of parliament the
Chief interest, will be centred on the introduction of the government measure
for the abolition of plural voting for
members of the Lansthinget, the upper house of the Danish -legislature.
The Conservatives will lose heavily Lj'
the abolition of plural, voting, arid the
present government will not gain anything, while ■ the, Radicals will have
their-voting strength greatly augmented. ' -;
_ -1 positively cure, three-fourths of
Anil tlie cases.that are absolutely hi-J
scumble, by any methods other tbanl
"those I employ. I do not care -who|
jhas treated you or ho'iv.ilong or byl
what means he has ."treated you,!
Ithe probability is tlyit I can cure!
|you,',aii(l I will bo able-to° speakf
definitely in the" matter when 1J
know the 'details of yonr case.
Write for Free Book
'If you can't call- nt my officel
(write for my book, which describes!
liny method.- AH letters are given j
Jspccial'iittentloii.  ,■ ,
S10 Howard St., Spokano, Wash.
"A Toronto newspaper announces
triumphantly' that .the population of
Toronto has reached the. 450,000 mark.
When, ah, ;when, will. the mind of To-
rontb.'reach |he 450,000-mark?" t The
answer is easy. When Toronto ceases
to send solid Tory delegations to the
.Commons and the Legislature.,—Brock-
ville' Times. - , "<• '" ■ a
able Impurity.     If is jircacnt chl.Uly , ,, ,
In tlio iiyrlii-s, nr "I.iishi.b" formed In \l'"m'i]' whMl im> ,>0,l"<, !•>-««'»« «»«»
Hiiinll nnrtMoH in mtnic c-oiiIh.     Dm-iMl'",u °r ,11U''11 Rminr ""•'fl»lty.
nxplmlo In
ln>r I'omluiBtloii thoy nxplmlo In tlio
r.iMi- nnd fly out. Into a room, and arc
a Mjiin _• of (liing.r, In IroiHiiiikli)'.
(C'iIm It In objectionable, nn It pai'r.ea
filer lo tlio Iron, giving II wlint Ih
hinwn an "abortiinnfi," wlu-u tin; inm
In hoiil, lui rihi'i'ii hi'cil.. In addition
lo Iho HiiliHtaiicnH named nil ronls
when burnt leave a ivuldnc. llio "anil,"
Tlilti Is Incombustible matter, and Iuih
a very v
aoda, limo,
blniu-cH enter Into lt, llow the chii-
racier of tlm iihIi left bv a eo.il mnv
infect Itn I'ommerelnl vnluo linn nlrnmly
In en hIi.j..ii, 'llio rullowinu inhli.
Klu-.. tho couipoKiiloi) of lho chief va-
t'nniifl coal Ih dull blut'k In colour,
wllh mi Irregular, .iholHIko, or con-
clioldnl I'rnclui.'. It scarcely hoIIh tho
hnmlfi, and many varieties can lie cut
and i-aned'almoHt like Jet, It buriiH
wllh n peculiar whlto I'limio like"that
of a ciuidlo. bociii.He'or the nlihllnrlty
of tlio flniiicH, Thorn are sovornl va-
rli. t Ioh; I'm rot conl or "cracklcrti,"
from ftk behavior In burning; Uoghond
Retort Ovens In General Use In Gor-
many—Some of the Economies
Effected by Retort Ovens
For Weak Men
•urlul,.,, ™.n»«..ta7  witMU,!""'1 T»l'"»»1;"; '»'» ™*"™ '"nNllo.
,0, Inn. .IIIH,, »»,i oilier mil. [".,""""' '""!."':" »l,»™««i"l,     T"»
latter differ no much In Hh nppo;ii.n_cn
from-other .(ioiils tlmt It led to tho fn-
inwub unv nilii pruvioiisly luicrrod to,
Vi';fl-..',,;._ ;,',_ ilili.S uiii,',, i. in {-Jiiti'iiutl
ylfldlnx Cniine), bill li l.s found more
or Iphh In most roiklflolds. eft.vn form-
ilutks of (onl nml punt, and hoeing,. ... ...
that iho uroiinlo origin of coal Iu.h i,,^,n I,n^,^of!'K"'un °»»™l*. con-
been uHHinued, tho touijiohHIou of a
Hiuiijiii' ol dried Hocirh wood Ih adilcl,
Tlm figures are Arbour, who acknowledges thorn from Touhi's nnd Wnlcnt
fllbnon's workB:
Hiibstnnce Cnriion
Dried Tlneoh Wood   0M
Pori'St JV-nt   fil.47
Moor Peat  B3.B0
I_l«nlio (fiernmny.   ^7.28
llrown Coal (tlermany) ,.  01.20
Cannel Conl (Wlitan.   80.07
Itltumlnous (Newcastle!    83.47
Anthracite (8. Wnlos)   DM.
oxygon &
r,.r»:t ..
i _*
1 >«>v
BlHtlnu; of bltiimlnmiH coal,
CiiaM.iiwiu* Coai
This Is a most unfortunate numo,
as It Biiggosts these coals Consist of
or contain bltumon. Thoy do not,
but probably 'the nnmo originated
from tholr hltumen-llko apponiauco.
They form >tho grent bull, of flm ennls
produced , In this country, and aro
brondh* illvliU'd Intn Ilie two rlnufww
of coklnR and non-i-olilng, The late
Doctor Percy suggested they should
bo called "flaming conls." The non-
coking variety Is Bonutlmus destgnat*
nl "freo burning."
..emt'Snthrnclto conls linvo nlrcndy
bcou referred to ns constituting tho
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have It Free and
Strong and Vigorous
I hnvn In my pmutrHRlim a proscription
(ur inrvmiH ilibllliy, I unit of viu;n',
wcnlKJiuid   miiiiliiiod,ii falling   mamnry
nt.tl    htm-    I  ',    t.      I  '■    .,'■!   I        ■ ' H  ■•    i ,,
un, iiiiiiutiiiul il iu I ii h, Or tho -olllos i,t
ymUl ,   Ihiil    1 -i      i-,ii i-il   -li   l.iliiiv    Willi
and norvoiiH inun rlglit In thulr own
Iiuiiii,ti--wllliiiiu uny mlilllloiwl help or
iiii'dlclno—tluti I Uilnk .ivviry ainn ivho
wlcl'c* to n-KiiU, hi,, iiuiiily ii_\VL-r Mil)
virility, (illicitly and TjuMtlv, niumld
havo a copy. Nn I havo dal<>rmin<u. to
sond a copy,     Su 1 lnvn dotuiiiiinod to
rlWH^p   tti n iilnl,,   i,r,ll,ini,i> <-r il,.,l nn./i
Uijio lu nny iiiiim who will write mo for
'This prniierlptlon come« from a physl*
clan who. Iuih iihiiIo n ipnolnl siuily of
mon nnd 1 iiinrimvlnoed It In tlio rur-
fim-nctlnK eninlilrintl-in Tor tlm ouri. of
deilclunt inanlmod nnd vigor fallum
ever put lOKetlior.
I think I owe it to my fsllow man to
send thcin n ropy in confldsnoe so that
any mnn mu'wli.T. who U weak and
dlsoourutfuii wiih rop.atod fsllurei
may stop drugjcinir li.msalf with harm-
fn pnnjni m,..ii,-ln^, nccuru what I
bellavo I* iho <n:lrk(<iit-iirtlnK iwtrira*
tlva, upbuilding HI'OT.TOUCmiMO remedy over ilovlaod, mul no euro himself
at homo nu ;-iiy flTu1 quickly. Jim. drop
m# a.»,i5*» "k,° "'•■: l>r. A. K. Jtobln.
son, «»07 IjiiPk linlirllnir, Dstrolt, Mloli..
a pi ond Id Melpj tn a plain, ordinary cn-
val<jp« froo of chsrire. A irrcat many
doctor* woiiM rimrir-' I11U "<i W.M Mr
'M!-1?. 7r,,,,n?/"'« a prcnorlptloti I ko
this—hut I sand lit entirely free.
Cnnndn find the United Stntos aro
far behind Germany nnd other foreign
countrloB In ndop't'liiK the economloH
rosiiltliiB from tho cokliiR of coal In
by-product ovciih. In Germany, al the
prcsiont tlmo, llttlo or no coko Ih mndo
except In retort ovciifl. Whon tlio
eoonomloH which may bo offooteil by
I lm use of rolorl ovens havo°b(joii bo
elnnrly demoiiiitnitcd not only by
plants which have been constructed In
I'-iiropo, hut nlso by plntitB lu tho Unit-
(>il filatoB and ut Sydney and Soo In
Canada, It bcoiiib difficult to unilor-
Btniul why thoy nro not moro iinlvor-
sally ndoptoil In WHstern Canada. Ono
of tho Boasoim nlvnn Is lho lack of
lirofliablo markets for-tho rosultliiR
Dy-Produet Ovens Economical ,
Tho followliiR ore Bome of tho cc
onomloH whliNi mny he effected by tho
une of by-product coko ovens au nn>
ulnnt lho uno of beehive ovens:       N
Flrft. The nunllly of tho coke In
Just as wood fnr motnlliiritlr.il nur.
poses as bechivo coko,
tfv.umi,, ll\» >iuM oi colio III byproduct ovens iu from 10 to l.i per
cont. higher thnn the jlvlil from boo-
hovu OVCI1B,
Third. Whllo thc eost per relort
i_nm itk lunutiiiiiU wnn iieelih'o oven,
Is urcntor, tho capndfy |b from three
to six Minos ns great.
Fourth. In retort ovens, the foi-
lowing by-products nre unvod.
1. Oaa.—With nn ordinary eoklnn
ronl this nmounfs tn nbout *,000 cubic
feot por ton «t 600 li, t. U. jior cublo
foot. This cnn enri he uacd for fli'ln^
under hollers, running K(1H oiiRlnos,
llltimlnatlnR purpoHos or for any other
puriwso for which conl «ns mny ho
adopted, II used In kss engines about
2S0 home powor hours ran be obUlned
from th* surplus run from otic ton of
^ ■ \ .   ■-
A; McDougall,- Mgr,
Manufacturers of and" Dealers in all kinds of Rougir.
and Dressed Lumber
; ' y .    #
Send us your orders
Large Airy Rooms &
Good.Board. ■-,
Ross & -MMkay^EHH:
Fernie-Fort Steele^
Brewing;Co;, Ltd.
Beer   -v'h-"-
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call In and
see us onco
JOHH fOOnitUhuih, ttvp.
The New and
^Up-to-date Hotel
Every person likes to'be comfortable. We have tho Intest
design of steam heating apparatus In ovory room.' Our menu
ls the bost, Wo guarantee ant-
Isfaction. Two blocks from C.
•P. It. Depot. Old and now faces
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
P. V. WHELAN, Manaaor.
Rates $2,00 and up
v.       Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
•      'Phone In every rooirti
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street
Onr -uitiplletl with the Itesb Wlnos.
Uquor* ami Cigars
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rate* by the week and
the month and to Theatrical par*
tlse.   Try eur
Special Sunday-
The finest ef Wines, Liquors
and Clgart served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
SMIoh's Gun
IT0P9 COUORv ysics. u cints _;'y~-^_ys.^,   -"-y  -;,-..
.yXyyTS "-.. y     ?
Head Office'
Capital Paid Up. : ? 2,870,000-
Reserve j&id Undivided Profits'........  3,500,000
Total Asafets...".....'.; .-,...:.._.'.....".. 44,000,000
; Just as a successful merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient' attention, so do the of fleers of the Bank
of Hamilton"endeavor- to fender to depositors
every servise consistent with, conservative'
banking practice... ' ' y7 - "'','-'
... No,deposit is too small,to assure the de-
'pos.itoiy- considerate treatment—the savings"
accounts of those' in moderate circumstances
are 'welcomed with courtesy,,and with «_l>-'
^ sence of .undue formality which makes bank-,
> ing a convenience and a pleasure.  "      *
-   F. B. Robertson, A@_enr
.   _ t i
J. M; Thompson Co.
The Quality Store ,
-•   - ;, OUR MOTTO    ,    ,
The right goods.   ' The right treatment. yThe right
v prices, each and every time..
Pincher Creek' Creamery Butter from the nearest
creamery, is ahvav's fresh and'of the
.-     y .-finest Quality     •.
Burnett; & Ling
Living Prices
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes
; Men's" Furnishings
Groceries, Fruits and \
Bellevue, Alta.
' ,' f
.Wo carry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :':        Frank, Alta.
were tho FIR8T PRIZE and the QOLD MEDAL
at the Edmontor) Exhibition awarded to
Beoaute they aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
i/rwMcnv    0.    MAM^AM
l«HM« 11 ■*____■ ■____•? • %M*       ■Wtf%I.H,»^li""iM'Wl
Lumber for all
Facts aboiit the West  :;
yirginiraijCoal Production
In the Charleston jMail issue ot"Mon-'
day, July Sth, «i front page article1 appears that is headed with the,caption,
■,'-1911 Good Coal Year lor West Vir-,
ginia, in Amount Produced.*' Farther
down in the .same' article,appears;the
following: -.. ■'*--",
"West Virginia for 'the last three
years the second'in rank among the
coal producing st.ates,.'-stands almost
alone in one - particular — the low
average price'a.t which its cbal, some
of it the highest, grade'of'bitumino'us
coal produced in the • United States,
brings to the producer." ,.'7    -
If over the Charleston Mail published a true statement'.that is the
one. The coal miner, the actual producer, is the' one who receives such-
low average price for the coal that
he produces. It seems rather strange
to me that the 'Mall in its desire to
make, public the chief reason for the
alleged Industrial Progress of West
Virginia, measured by its .increased
production from year to year,' fails to
make known the prime cause for fchis
rapid development of the coal industry of this great state, secured
through the robbery of the wage-
earners that produce this commodity.     '  ■ -
'. Although West Virginia has made
rapid strides towards the front as a
large producer of coal during the past
few years^ and to one that has not
taken the time nor availed himself
of the .opportunity to analyse . this
proposition, he will.no doubt,be influenced with the thought that his
state is making a magnificent showing
in the industrial field, yes, it is, but
it is to .the discredit of-,the intelligent citizenship of West Virginia,' for
the manner&in which it is secured.
. Let us see if the producers of this
commodity "have secured -the same
proportion of advancement as the increased output of West Virginia would
justify. ' ,
'1st. We find that the mine workers work longer hours per- day than
in any other coal producting state.   ■"
.2nd. That the >working conditions"
of-the mine workers is;away below
that of any other coal producing state.
3rd. The mfne workers receive, a
lower price per ton than the mine
workers of any other state.  _
4th. The' mine workers are denied
the rights guaranteed them by .the
Constitution, through the .guard system, established at the mining Scamps
of he coal companies, y • s
■5th.   The living- conditions, of., the
Tn IW^VoTlteTFTre- a~d isgfaceTto~Wes_
Virginia and does not compare in any
degree with,any coal producting state
in the United States. '7
• In the face of,, those facts and they
are facts, where does the boasted ^Industrial 'Progress come in? If there
iB any one who has any doubt as to
the truthfulness of the above' charges
we are willing: that he go into the
mining camps and Investigate for himself and then mako public what he ob:
served In his tour of Investigation.
There is one thing that goes a long
way towards reducing the 7cost" of
production and the coaf operators of
West1 Virginia- with Very few exceptions take advantage o'£ it, and that is"
the "system of having the miners
mine two tons, and-paying them'for
one. The miners not. having the opportunity to place-a checkweighman
on the tipple are thereby unable to
check the weight of their product,
(The State law of West Virginia provides that miners shall" place a checkweighman -on the tipple to' see that
their coal is propprly. weighed). Yet
tl/e 'coal companies through their
agents .discourage the' miners from
employing a checkweighman. That
would not be so bad if they, only
stopped at that. -But in all the unor-
.ganized fields' of West Virginia the
coal companies will not permit tho
miners j.o .place a man on the tipple
to act as checkweighman in their behalf. The coal operators realize that
with a man on the tipple looking after the interests of the miners the
opportunity to rob the miners would
be reduced to a minimum.
All ..the above charges are the principle reasons why West Virginia can
extend her market facilities for her
product, and if securing such far distant markets and Increasing the output of coal from year to year is the
medium by which1 Industrial progress
is measured then Gold help the industrial workers tl___t sacrifice so much
to make such progress possible. And
God pity the- state that secured her
high rank among the coal producing
states for the amount of her commodity when it is secured through such
nefarious practices and at the expense
of the life's blood of her best citizens. ■ '
Some people of the same calibre as
those that publish the Charleston Mail
advances the argument that were
the miner and mine laborer to receive
ilie just fruits of their toll._th.__ it
would handicap and prevent West
Virginia coal from extending out in
to-contain'jnarkets that ■ geographically belong to some other coal producing state." Looking at it from a
competitive i standpoint their .argument sounds plausible, but selfish,
and does not spell progress for/West
Virginia in the industrial field. .
. West> Virginia is entitled .to. such
markets as her, commodities can secure after she.has provided a living
wage for the producers of that com-
'modity, no more or no less. If she
extends out for markets and secures
_lrenf~a_"___e""e l.x sneoehrfe1 *~"1""
them at the expense of her wage
earners as in the present instance,
then fhe future of West,Virginia has
It seems to, me that If" progress
comes to West Virginia, it will _<__
when the same active interest that is
exemplified' In securing, markets for
their product is extended -in bettering the working conditions and increasing the pay of the men who produce this great commodity. Then,
and not until then, will industrial progress come to West Virginia,
Court   Decides   Carpenters   Can't  Be
Compelled to Handle Unfair
NEW YORK, Sept. as.-MJnion business agents, or delegates have a right
to ask workers to quit work on nonunion jobs as-long,as they-don't use*
any wrongful acts in getting the men
to quit, according to an opinion handed down by Justice Crane in tlie Supreme Court, Brooklyn, yesterday.
Justice Crane handed down the decision in the caso of John Rico, business agent of the Hrooklyn District
Council of the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners, who was
charged by Louis Bossert & Sons with
having violated an injunction which
is, pending against .he union in getting men to quit work where the
Bossert firm was doing work.
The company had secured a temporary restraining order, enjoining the
Brotherhood of Carpenters from "conspiring, combining or acting in concert in any manner to injuro or interfere with the good will, trade or busl-
ess of the plaintiff's co-partnership for
the purpose of coercing plaintiffs to
eriiploy union labor."- The motion before Justice Crane claimed that the
carpenters had acted in, violation of
this injunction.
Justice Crane's decision is just the
reverse from that of Justice Black-
mar and Stapleton in the cases of
the Albro J. Newton firm, which is
also fighting the carpenters' union.
In handing down the decision, Justice Crane points out the distinction
between the two cases. - The two
firms, who operate non-union wood
(rim, door and. sash mills, have for
some time been fighting the carpenters' union, and as part of their'
fight on the workers, secured injunctions 'restraining the union from
calling strikes on,jobs "where its material Is being installed.
Rice recently went to a job where
Bossert's .trim > was about to" be installed- in the buildings and notified
the member's of the brotherhood that
they would be asked to handle nonunion material and they all quit as a
result. The firm, in return, started
suit against Rice, trying to have him
punished for contempt of' court* in
violating the injunction.
In his memorandum Justice Crane
says in part: - -
"If these carpenters to whom Rice
spoke voluntarily left work without
any compulsion from Rice or his organization there was nothing wrong-
fulin 'his acts.'     The cou_rts_canno_t
perial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve  Fund  	
6,000,000.    Capital-Paid  Up      ,    6,460,000
6;460,000       Total Assets "    72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President 'HON." ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops.. Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
,S ., RevelstoKe, Vancouver and Victoria.        '«
Ir.terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
• GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
Next to Fernie Hotel 0
from $15.00 to $50.00
, and
Outside Influences
in West Virginia
hero at any tlmo and In any
qunnlty, You cannot -warou
ui with a largo ordor, or glvo
ui do araall a one tbat wo will
not attend to It.
for any kind of building you
nay ba at work upon. Hart
ui Bend you what you want
when you want It.
Tho Wost Virginia operators aro
again voicing their anclont plea: That
tho dissatisfaction "manifoBtojJ by
their employees Is the' result of agitation from outsklo sourcos, with a view
of injuring tho business of that stato,
Thoy don't explain how tho business
of tho state l» affected hy tho miserable conditions under which their employees aro forced to drag out an ox-
Ifltonco. Those mon nnd tholr families, under such conditions aB aro enjoyed by tho minors, In parts of tho
country where thoy are ori.niils.od, and
Ihoroforp In position to demand decent
living conditions, would Indeed bo a
factor for prosperity In tho Btato of
West Virginia.
With tho natural conditions that obtain thoro, tlio gront veins of coal, accessible without first Investing largo
sums of money far slnldiig nlinfts. tho
U'inllty of tlio coal Insuring a ready
domnnd. Wost Virginia run hold hor
own In the markets of the country
without InipoBlng on tlio poor'follows
who dig the ennl conditions that appall and disgust ovory dlslnterosted
liivcHtlgator Hint ovor wont Into Iliac
Is It not n shame and a dlsgrnco' to
thoso mon who roup tho profit front
thoso splendid nnturnl conditio,.!., nnd
fn.m tho men who work for them, thnt
tho citizen soldiers, whon sont Into tho
fluK. to protect life im,d proiiony hnil
to 'begin br| restoring conditions for
sanitation   In   these company-owned
WUili>». j
F-.i'._. i.-i u iiiiiui-ul ifjiiith fj[ j.v.u-.-..
The normal man revolts from H, You
can find It whora humanity In rrushoul
nnd degraded below tlio normal, Men
overworked   and   underpaid,   which
>4._(k'.ia U.ivivin:^, i _;_'..v.v,il  li.ui hu-tv_.n
unfit to shelter cattle, with no oncour-
ngomo.it or bono for hotter things; In
such environment you may look ln,
vnln for tho working mnn nl his high-
ost possibility,
*Vos,«wo will -admit thnt wo ndvlso
mon, under such conditions to revolt.
Por Bflflsn r*>n»on_i, If yon will. For
men living under such conditions
threaten civilisation Itself. Throaton
the lives and health of tho entire country. Threaten tho moral health of
tho entire country. Threaten thc busi
ness welfnro'.pf the entire community.
The intellectual development of tho
W court investigation shy your governor, by any fair commission ho may
appoint. Wo appeal to tho soldlors
your governor has sont Into tho mining field. 7
Aro wo not right In advising men,
under such conditNons to revolt?
What doos it profit tho great state
of West Virginia If a fow mon, who
generally llvo outsldo of that state,
reap groat profits, whllo thoy denude
her of bor nplondld nnturnl resources?
And especially tho greatest of hor
nnturnl resources, hor men and womon.
Vph, w<> will nfd those mon when
thoy revolt; will nld Ihem with our
advice nnd with wlmt flimncos we cnn
llocntiso thoy nro our follow workors; hccniise we linvo suffered as thoy
now suffer. Ilocnuso wo realize that
tholr HveB often must pny for tliolr
lack of orgiinlzullon; for most, of your
torrlblo explosions could hnvo boon
provontod If tho minora could hnvo collectively demnndnil remedies for condition.-, tho more oxporlonced nmong
tliem know, could only ond In disaster.
And when wo linvo aided thoso men
io n (lii(.hor, bettor lifo; a bottor environment; ii lilnli«r sliiiidnrd of II.1-
Ing, every mnn lu the stnto, business
man, profcuioniil mnn, worlclng num.
will share in tlie fruits of tlio vh-lory;
will find Hint n .'nmimi'utivoly prosperous working class Is the primary
ciiust; ol |iruH|iunty lor nil.—Litntua
,illi,u Hy,«..v>' .Isiiiitiui,
compel .me,n to work, and they can
leave for any-.-reason they see fit, or
vlthout reason; 'and if it be that the
carpenters 'in this ease desiredf.6 comply with the rules and regulations of
their brotherhood, there is -no law
that can prevent them or could prevent Rice from Informing tliem that
the trim was. non-union material.
"The Injunction quoted from does
not restrain such deeds, as,the act
prohibited i must bo' under some compelling or directing by-law, rulo or
regulation of the union. This could
not include tho giving of Information
to workmen as to the nature of the
material they were at work upon,
leaving them the voluntary determination to stay or leave as they saw' fit,
No injunction could keep them at
work, therefore thoir reason for leaving is Immaterial as long as It Is vol-
Aftor fully discussing tlio cases, nnd
tho Newton Injunction suit In particular, which he says Is to be distinguished becauso ot admissions of fact,
.liiBtico Crnno concludos by saying,
"Assuming, therefore, that the plaintiff's'contention bo correct nnd that
John Rico wont to tho carpenters at
John Minton
Repairs Neatly Executed
Send Post-card for catalogues of following wheels:
Cycles on  Hire
work on the Grand  Street building,
members of his brotherhood, and .told
them   that   the  trim   was   non-union
work,  that to, continue to handle it
would   be  against  the  rules  of  the
union, for which tliey would be fined, .nop. and special j.iTcrf
and that thereupon tho.men quit work, I adequate  p^mc-nt  for
yet this is not a violation of the in-- vice.
junction, as it was a peaceable strike
fo.'  the  EU_rBog-e__of__ii_nterfcring  with
of parliament, for the reform   of   The
1 resent system of choosing jurors.
Hie -fseiut.on adopted by the labor.
congress not < -,.]y asks for" the,. _.'or.-
iilipn of the distinction between com-
but demands
all  jur^  i.er-
the good will of the plaintiff's .co-partnership.
"Motion to punish for contempt denied with costs,"
_E 10_HX,H 0_U_R_D A_Y_,
LONDON, Sept. 30.—The resolution
adopted at the Trades Union Congress
calling upon parliament to reform vtho
jury .system has again rt /ived a complaint that is shared equally by the
Labor and Liberal parties.. Itecently
a Liberal newspaper compared the libel damages assessed during tho past
year ngalnst various publications and
politicians, and tho comparisons show-
ed that nlmost Invariably Laborites
and Liberals wero mulcted for heavy
damages while Conservatives woro
either relieved from damages or compelled to pay Binall ponnltles.
It is claimed thnt this inoqunlily Is
duo to tho fact that Judges nnd court
offlclnls nro mainly members of the
v.,onsorvatlvo party, and that thoy select juiios from publicans who are bit-
ter agnhiHt tho Liberal party on account of Plio heavy tax on liquor trado.
At any rate there will bo a dotenniiicd
fight mado during tho coming session
British Bid Lowest for. Projectiles for
United States Navy—Attorney
General to Decide
WASHINGTON,1 Sept. 30—Whether
American or British mechanics will
make nearly, a million dollars' worth
of armor-piercing projectiles for the
United States navy next year, probably will depend' upon a decision by
the attorney general as to the applicability of tho eight-hour law to contracts for the shells. An English
firm bids lowest for the contracts but
tho American company which offered
tho.next lowest prlco now claims that
their bid was mndo with thov undor-•
standing that its''establishment would
havo to bo placed on iin eight-hour basis. If tho eight-hour law is not to bo'
applied this company \vnnts to mako
anothor proposal with a heavy cut ln
Its figures.
A little boy who hnd often henrd
his lather talk about tlio Civil W.ir
finally askod: "Kulhor, did any ono
help yon put down tho lltibolllon?"—
Thft flty of f'ftlgnry, AHa.. with .»'
population of 1,\000 olalmii to have!
hlxteeii mllllonnlroa nnd multlmllllo- •'
t-MlVU'.,     ii  \>,u  mc,i»i(,u  t.H.A)Ill_  111   Ultrt.
slJJteen millionaires la $00,000, then j
ouch of thorn tnkea ono dollnr n year
out of oach man, woman and child
of Calgnry, nnd thoalxteen of them
will get $10 per year por Inhabitant,
ovor $fiO por y<Mir jv»r family, ■ Cnl-
gary voters will not voto for Dodol-
Ism, ob, no. Thoy don't wnnt to
divide up witb the drone*, nnd the
millionaire drones pluck them good
praise thorn, and leave them tholr
eye teeth becauso eyeteeth ctlhnot be
turned to profit—Cotton'*,
Vaudeville at the ISIS
MONDAY, OCTOBER 7th, Fernie will be put on the vaudeville map when the service of the famous Edward Fisher
Vaudeville Circuit is inaugurated at the Isis Theatre. For
the opening engagement is offered
Clever Comedians, Singers \ A fine number by a Clever
and Quick Change Artists . Artist-You'll like this act
Pictures chnnged ni£htly--Vnudpv.lle Mondnys Sr Thursdays
(Friday and Saturday) (Next Week)
The hitter shows a real battle of thc Turkish-Italian War.
i T£-.
_ ■*? ■
"7,1 »,
Published every Saturday morning at its offica,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. Pv Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
'medium. Largest circulation in,the District. Ad-
, yertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job' and
color work. Mail orders receive specjal attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
HO"\Y often do we hear some person who thinks
that he is opposing Socialism say: ''1 don't
agree with the Socialists Unit all men are equal "
Tie does not have lo agree witli the Socialist for the
latter does not believe1 that all men are born equal,
or, if they are it does not last more than two mitm-'
tes afterwards. Some men are born tall, some thin,
some fat and all with divergent degrees of intelligence. Tliis' self-styled opponent (!) will some
times wax wrothy when told that he is barking up
the wrong tree and may retort that he lias heard
Socialists say so when, as a matter of fact he has
heard those who like himself are opposing or at
least think that he is opposing Socialism so often
repeat this phase that he really believes that it was
a Socialist that said so.
It. is not-at all surprising that among those who
are Socialists there are some who are not as well
informed as others on the subject, still there is
this to be said, that Socialism is making the greatest stride among the nations where illiteracy shows
tlie least percentage, hence, speaking broadly, ignorance and wilful perversion are the greatest foes
to an investigation of the science of sociology as
interpreted by the working class. Again when
the statement is made that it is equality of. opportunity" that the Socialist contends should be the
heritage of every human being, and that they will
only get it wheh-they make a study of the problems
that confront Society today, then your would-be
adversary of the Socialist argument will assert that
every individual has an equal opportunity today
and when it is pointed out that some babe has been
bom Jieir to a fabulous fortune (like the,infant
Vanderbilt) of fifty million dollars the rejoinder
is made "Oh! well his parents-or grandparents had
' to work for that."     Quite true they had to work
for it but it was because they worked schemes that
were framed by those who are staunch supporters
of the present regime and as to their thrift, integ-
- rity,    a   study   of   how these gigantic fortunes
, were made makes interesting reading, and no better ATOrk extant on this subject is than that of
Gustave flyers'.     This exhaustive treatment   of
> the subject has been most carefully gathered and
were there any opportunity for an action for criminal libel it is a foregone conclusion that it, would
have long been instituted.
We wish it distinctly understood thnt we do not
rail against those who have these tremendous sums
of money ns individuals, because they or somebody
else (Ihe only difference being the name) would
have amassed them as tboy aro the natural outcome of the existing capitalistic system which is
founded upon the wage systom through which tho
workers are exploited nnd capital (surplus value)
These people who hnvo control of so much money
nre personally lni.nnn beings like tho rest of tlio
people and mny givo large sums to chnritnble nnd
benevolent institutions, wheront the nowspiiporH
and pulpiteers mny Ning their prnisos in loud tonen,
but that doi'H not niter tho fuel. Hint they derive
tlieir money from tho exploitation of tho workers,
nor cnn tliey, as individualH, provont its eoiitinu-
, mice, this change must bo ollCecled by tho workers
"WV have .said I lint. it. is the workers themselves
Unit imiHt do this hence it is for thoin".to study tliis
question, To deiioimei' individuals who mny bo
in positions nbovo thon is thn height of stupidity
for these nii'ii who nre nbovo them are nlso wngo-
xIiivon nnd have lo do the mnster'H bidding or be re
lpplod lo the rnnl.N of the lesser, paid lnhnrer.
Thoy nre to Dm slock whnt the lush is to tlm whip
nnd they" iiiiinI crack it from time lo time, oilier,
wise iii.sleinl of being allowed to do no tliey nmy
l'ccl its Imglf nnroRH thi>ii' own shoulders, Of
course they nmy rosont su'eli i.'onipni'isonH, biit their
nwnlm.'i.t docs not nl'fect the. principle in tho
..•.lightest, manner, the truth nmy be denied bill it
ennnot  ho refuted.
TIim.' is it stntcMieiit made above that iv».|nii'i>N n
litllo more explnnnlion,
A pelty Iiohs does not individunllv hew In un
buck intlli thc lesser paid rnnlcR, hut it \n lhr» >"'H-
erali/ntion thnt wo were referring to. One of Ihe
greatest, ..tumbling blocks thai hns to hn ovnreoine
when discussing theso economic: ftubjeets is that,no
many individualize when doing so instead of look-
ing nt thc question from its broad aspuet.
A speaker wlien diHcanting upon lho conl minors'
position may nlludo to tlio nniotint ho rocolvibH and
11u* value of his product whon houio individual of
the incntnl type mentioned will My, "Why tlmt'H
tin* very height of Htupidity," and mnko reference
to these j.iirti.'i..nr conl mines nt Ihl. pnrlifiilnr
time ns not being profi tablo, coiiveiiioiitly overlooking sevenil important fnotor,., Mich n« inflated
capitalization from the inception of the industry,
. > si.'i-- ■
... «» , v-
•yyrt-y. .v.*.
interest on moneys, etc.; not to mention the-unnecessary additions embodied in the various contributory factors such as the profits derived from,the
cars that are used for loading the coal,, the' mafeh.
inery that has been installed and many other items
whose cost and, whose price vary considerably.
We have*wandered somewhat,from the-original
subject matter, but of that we do not care a jot if
the information be,of any worth, as.it is''not so
much for literary effect thatthese articles are written as it is^57'al£ord|il.o^^?/4%?interested to
get busy and make a-s^^p.^'^jet!!t'that when
__iee they have ccmmeR^ they will
find a most enjoy^l>lo.'n^Bl.]_fC'Sj;eation open itself
before them.     y^X^0§^X
Equality of]0])ppiliinltv^v|^lijf^,l'ie''Profit regime
is out'of the running; it isVi'i$fi) Correct thatoritee in
a while a'few individuals of the'working class members of society may succeed-in'getting into the real
capitalistic class, but in like manner once rrf a while
a daisy; will grow between 'flagstones, but it is not
tht rule.f&ftxi'.'wlia't's more the working class as a
class does not suffer any appreciable difference.
"Where is the man today who could get in and successfully combat the Standard Oil, thc Beef Trust,
the Rubber Trust, aiid the many other trusts that
are in existence.
The answer is simple: No man can compete with
those powerful institutions, and this is^recognizod
if not actually, at least tacitly, because of the strenuous opposition of the smaller business elemenl,
they would "bust the trust" if it were possible,
not for the benefit of the working class, but for
themselves. Fortunately this is beyond their powers and'even if not so would be as sensible as burn-,
ing the house door to warm the inmates, The trnst
is the natural outcome of conditions representing
the maximum amount of effectiveness with the
minimum of energy waste. .-' Because it does prevent the possibility of equality of opportunity is
no argument for its destruction, on the contrary,
that which is good should be retained, ,viz.,' its
saving of energy by systematization. What is at
fault is ownership, which instead of being private
should be collective, not by a small' percentage of
the people, but by the whole. It'is up to the
workers to get wise, and this cannot be done if
they leave their thinking to be done by proxy, even
though they who hold the proxy are-members of
the ■ working class themselves.
A T this time of the year the newspapers through-
■**''• out the country generaly go into ecstasies over
the harvesting of the crops, and dilate i upon the
blessedness of this Canada of ours. '' Economists,''
ori the one hand, also predict low cost of living to
the. consumers,' and on the other regale us' with
pictures of the affluence which they say has sud-
denly come to the farmer as a. result of the bounti-
ful crops. How two such statements can be reconciled is to the ordinary, individual difficult;-to
see. If, as the result of the size of the crop,-he
must reduce the prices of his commodity, how is he
going to get-rich on their sale? - Or, how is the
consumer 'going to get farm products at a low
cost if the farmer is going to get rich off the products he sells them 1! So far as we can see the only
ones who benefit by large crops are the big interests which control transportation and the general market. -The capitalist system stands in the
way between the city worker and the products of
tho soil which nature intends him to have.
The two boys, Edgar-Harper 'and
Percy Beal, who have obtained jiome
notoriety here, are' now in .the Spokane Coop.. ' 7 -    - , <■
Last .Thursday night, it is alleged,
t'he-Harper boy slipped-into"1 a small
bedroom at, tlie rear of' a' small store,
kept by. Michael Guzzie,.bn North "Victoria Avenue, and took a cigar box on
a washstand, twenty dollars in'money
a watch and a revolver. 7.This little
room adjoins the store, and the boy
must have slipped into it while the
storekeeper's back-was turned. Mrs.
Guzzio went to bed iu this little room
about ten o'clock, but-heard nothing
for some time, but finally hearing a
noise at tho window she called"' her
son, Paul Guzzle, from tho store, and
told him she heard a noise at the
window, and he examined it, but the
boy had let himself down on the outside and disappeared in the darkness.
He had evidently hid himself under
the bed, while Mrs. Guzzie was retiring, aiid had endeavored to get out
without arousing her.
The Beal boy was noticed hovering
about the front of the store.
Friday morning a small boy coming"
from the direction of the brewery to
school, met the two.Aoys going lri' the'
direction of Morrissoy. and they pointed a revolver at him. This frightened
the' boy, and when the two' runaways
saw this, they told him they were only
fooling, .and went on , towards' {.he
south. . "   ,
The two walked to Morrissey, and
theie boarded, the westbound express,
arid went to Cranbrook. -■" There they
bought tickets for Spokane, and
boarded the Flyer when it came along.
Meanwhile, Chief Hall got the wires
busy, notifying, Elko, Cranbrook and
Sirdar, and started out" in pursuit.
"U hen he learned that the boys were
on the.. Flyer, he wired Immigration
Officer Dunlap, at Kingsgate, to 'be
en the ^lookout.:'; Dunlap caught sight
of the fugitives, ..but they eluded him,"
and got over .the rline, before he could
stop them. ..Arrived ait Spokane, ,the
boys began "at-once the hold-up dodge,
but, unfortunately for them, the first
man they tackled happened to bs the
deputy prosecuting attorney, and he1
soon had the,police after them, and
they were landed^in a police station.
Chief Hall left on Thursday for Spo-
kane to bringlthem_back.T_ ^ '  "'\
The attitude of the average rnilwny promoter
and capitalist towards government ownership is
best, illustrated by an interview which Sir Dnn.
Mmm gave out; in Winnipeg recently. Sir Dan
said lie is in i'nvor of govornmont ownership of railways under Wrtnin conditions. For inslnneo, lie
believes thc government Hliould contro] tlie Hudson
Hay rnilwny. until it'is fully dolermincd whether
or not it will pny. If it DOES pny, tho government
could hand it, ovor to somo railway to operate. IC
it DOES NOT pny, the government should keep
cnntiV.1 of it. Even Iho Liberal press severely criticize the railway policy of tbe 0. N, ll. inngnnto.
Such blunt outspokenness is loo much for the loss
Conswntive. newspnpers, That the system in
vntf.ie is conducted on those lines Ihoy do not so
much mind, but .for any one of the privileged el hrs
lo conic nnd throw tlio gniinllQt down in thnt manner is somewhat too barefaced. Sir Richard McBride nud his eotorio mny well bo proud of such
compnny ns Sir Dnn Mmm, nnd for Mint,.•.whom, no
doubt, nro subsidizing Iu'h company ho liberally,
A man with such public nnd pntriotifi opinions is
certainly deserving woll of tho country.
Tn tho course of a wook or two ovory mnn in
Fiimic will ho cnlled upon to pny his rond tnx.
Tlioro In u genornl belief Hint onco this is dono they
bo.oiiie fiilbflodgod voters for tlio municipal eloc-
tiotis... This is erroneous, an application mimf ho
mndo in bo plncod on the voters' roll before this is
done. 'Furthermore, tlio listfl close on October 31,
nml nfler thnt dnto no additions cnn lio mndo. Tl
is nnfortnnrito thnt our city authorities do not soo
Ihe necessity for collecting tho tnx boforo October,
ns it would thon givo one a nlinneo InJiPi.nno n
.\-i .....Liit.i „i.i,\ ,-iinmi,im_ t,i,\ dnl oiuy lio
coUi-MimI I.hJ u fi-u- thy* ue „„ j/i;|\,rc U\)S,'„K tj,„0)
nnd one cannot he placed on tlie rolls lieforo.it In
collected. , It may lm a good idea to collect tho tax
nftor cloning timo of tho lint no that, a minimum
ttnl  nf Vdtnv. iivMil/l Va *,,.,.„„* 1        C      it .   i,     ,,      ,
.....-■_   _.i.>m_s,«. ,)«,   Jiti,  ItV.BkllkSllt,
Hliould you ho called upon for tho tax before the
3Ut October, pay It -iliofirfulljr,, nnd l-hon mnko n
dash for the City ttnll nnd mnko'tho foritml upplicn.
tion. Tho1 fnet that you wore on* Inst yonr doos
not nocciwirily follow thnt you will ho on for tho
next olootion. \iy cnlling on the City Cleric you
cnn mako .sure of thin. Hurried woniwi. who own
property in, thoir own nnmo,.or who pay the rond
tnx arc eligible, to vote—provided thoy nro on tlio
roll.   ,
;yiN Trouble
Philip Snowdo'n Condemns the General
,Strikes as Panacea for Industrial.
'.Grievance ,    ' '.    ,-
KESlVICK. England,-Sept. 17.—At'a
lecture delivered at the .Pablan summer school Keswick, Philip Snowdon,
M.P., dealt with the strike as a feature In modern industrial tendencies.
He said that the strike could never
be successful as a weapon of frequent
or constant use, Thore was no record,
oxcept In one or two instances, where
circumstances wero exceptional, of labor having struck successfully against
federated capital. He considered that
In the Immodlate future there was likely to bo a groat revival of political action, becauso recent strikes, .Including
the railway strlko and'the coal minors'
strike, although they apponred 10 bo
successfu. were ln reality failures,
It wns solely duo to tho. intervention of parliament that the cause of
labor had not been involved hi disaster, The effectiveness of political action as qontraslod with strikes wns
shown in tho Workmon's Compensation Act, under which ^15,000,000 had
beon pnld to workors, or throo tlnios
more than lho total Incroaso last
yoar In tho wagos of all^ tho worko'rs
In lho country. The Idea bf a gonoral
strike wns'of French'origin, and was
not llkoly, added Mr, Snowdon, to find
fuvor In Jflnglnnrl,
ST. PBTBIlSnuna, Sep..'W.—A'tro.
cltlos committed by Chliioso expeditionary troops Iii Mongolia nro roport-
od In Itnrbln disjunction,' Aftor plundering nud burning sovornl monasteries tho troops nuiBsnorod 1,000 Mon-
koIIiiiih nnd mutiintod .tho bodies of
womnn nnd children . Prlnco nml
Prlncoss IJiiuI mndo tholr osenpo with
grot difficulty but nil tho mombors of
tholr family wero miirdorod,
PARIS, Sept. 23,—Qno hundrod nnd
firtoon iiorsunu wero drowned today
Hour Archilngol, as tho result of a collision botwoon two stonmors, accord-
mn io a .iiitpuicii rrom at. Petersburg
if .. .«_'__.. .'.fcu._>. ( 'i'j10 a_..iiuiur ot»-
-m«vkri wJth i.-io imsBcng.n. on board
wn» procoedlng along tho river, yrhon
sho collided witli nnotlior stoiimor,
Tho Obnevlcn sunk In a tow nilnutos,
OuSj ». itAam-u^i'ti. on board tieing
saved, • Sy  .
"Ma," snld llttlo Jobnnlo, "Why
did pa havo to hnvo appendicitis and
pay,the doctor five hundrod dollarst"
"nocniiso," nnnwtwd lilu mother, 'Ht'n
Ood's will," Liaio Jobnnlo thought
n mlnutf* nnd thon sprnnff n otunncr
st his motlior. "Was It," said John-
nlo, "bocnuso God wns mad at daddy,
or was It becauso Ho was a good friend
of the doctor's?"—nip Saw.
ST. PETERS13URGH,,,Septi -'30,^
'After a period of comparative,'quiet
the leaven Is^ working^aga'ih-ih.Russia for a big' upheaval.',' '   :        "7
The omens ha,ve'b"e-come-_nuch_nbi-e
clearly, visible'since ,the development
of unrest in .the Russian'navy and'tlie
wholesale trials ".of /mutineer's,. of
which th© outside > world hears little
or nothing.    ..,',.    .   -■"j - • ,  7 •
What lias five 'years of St'olypin'ism
in. Russia produced? 'Since.'the late
Premier instituted ,< his ,- repressive
measures in 1907, 3.149" people havo
been executed and. today "-"the prison
population is; not fat short of-200.000.
Not merely ltnown revolutionaries but
mere suspects have been thrown into
dungeons and • kept -there.
Yet the disorders at' the ports and
elsewhere falsify the official declaration that "order has ben restored in
the realm." And what. Is most significant is the fact that the agitation
today conies not from the lowest ranks
but from the skilled men—engineers,
.artisans and sappers. This bears out
the belief expressed in progressive
circles that all ■ the savage and bloody
repression of the past five years has
'been futile. The working classos
are stronger and more . determined
than ever before and a.revival of revolutionary activity's certain, animated by a new spirit of discontent tempered with hope. ■ c
Beats all Records
Before the revolution the-number of
strikers in the empire averaged 43,000
per annum. Last year'there were 103,-
000 strikers,.and this year has beaten
all records. " Since" May there has
been'a perfect wave of unrest affecting the entire country. St. Peters-
burgh alone has had 200,000 workers
on strike and the country has had
not less 'than, 700,000, mostly animat:
ed  by  political  grievances.
Still the movement grows, and is
bound to increase still further, in the
coming months. At every turn the
workers are being exasperated.
Though a law was passed six years
ago allowing trade unions under government registration, 497 trade unions
have been- suppressed'and G04 refused
registration;', and though the right to
strike has been' declared, no' strike is
unaccompanied by police interference
and arrests: ,'V These things are forcing;, the Russian .workers to become
political.malcontents with ideas of reprisals simmering in thier minds. -
When the'next reckoning comes it
will be heavy.'    . ,
FORCES GATHER     i   , . j\
DEMAND VOTE. OR ,    (!        \    - ,
-BRUSSEUSySept7_23y-"A" great
strike is predicted by the Socialists of
Brussels/'Belgium! in support, of'universal suffrage. Hostilities; against
the government which has absolutely
set Its face against" the desired legislation, will begin in November, V
Half a million -worker's,' it is calculated will be involved ln the,'strike
which it is purposed shalf last''six
weeks at ,a cost to their-funds estimated'at .ten million dollars. -The
railways, the postal and the foreign
service, mines, docks, arsenals, factories and workshops of all "kinds are
to be involved in what its promoters
contend will be a bloodless'campaign.
Womon seem as earnest as'tho mon
for the propogandn' which roaches
throughout Belgium. Promise of substantial financial support' havo been
received by commltteo of Aver from
the United States, Prance, Qormariyi
Sweden'and elsewhere and arrangements have been comploted, accord-
lag to lho same authorities, to send
40,000 children -to tomporary homes In
the north of Franco on tlio iloclaratlon
of tbo strike.,
Italian' Offers • Solution, of'the Fuel
. ..  f-   Problem of the Future    . - -~
- JSEW YORK, Sept:-25.—The poisibil-.
ity of using the.energy of'the;sun as a
- i .
substitute for the .failing coal, supply
was the subject pfr an address v by
, - ', . - -   '
Prof. Glaceomo Cinmician, of Bologna,
at the International Chemists'. Congress here.c ",The'speaker.said that
since the earth's- supply of coal is limited, it is not too soon to consider the
possibilities of getting power from
other sources.   v     ;»'      -,-. 7
.He outlined.a- plan 'of putting the
sun's rays to work, by a chemical pro%
cess-after'the manner of plants. " He
said., y    '     .'-•"'-     •■ ' .
"If we should 'become able to utilize
the energy of the,'sun,in.the way I
have described, the tropical, countries
would become conquered by civilization, which would in .this manner return to its birthplace.
"On the arid lands there will spring
up- Industrial colonies without smoke
and without smokestacks; forests of
glass .tubes will arise everywhere; Inside these will take place the photochemical processes that have hitherto
been the-guarded secret of the plants,
but that will have been mastered by
human industry,'wiilch will know'how,
to make them bear even more abundant fruit than nature; for naturo is
not in a hurry and mankind is.',' '   "
More Than Three-quarters of a, Million
Are Registered In the Public
* Schools
NEW YORK, Sept. 30.—City' Supt.
Maxwell gave out' the figures today
relating to the opening of the public
schools on September 9. The pupils
registered last Wednesday numbered
751,463, an increase of.' 18,302 over
those "on the register a year .ago. The
attendance was much less than the
register, 640,435, an increase of 2,490
over the attendance tbe previous year.
The number of children on part time
was 88,847, an increase of 9,340 since
last September.-
^UPj^close"' wherei''"'bayonets .--.gleam) y\':7
swords;flash, cWnon'rbar/r^fles:crash^'-. .--
flesh^rips,'vbl66d/spurts; bbnes'.:Bnkp7',,^i;!-
bralns,,are7'!dashedj-^p close,'"' where 'y"'
men .sweat,""-'free^e/'starye.'kill scream; 7?y
pray,,iaughycurse,-'"gd;inad--and die—up y.
close,.-where the flesh^of betrayed'men 77 _
and boys are" ground and pounded into - ; 7
a'"red mush .of* mud. by. shrieking ca'ri-'f.'. 'y
non"balls and.-iron-shod hoofs ot'gaP.".'' :.
loping(ho'rses.7!:,TbeT>ayVwaV.:lis hell.'..'' •
iWe{l„'then, let;those who want h'eil.go--f ",'•■
to. hell.'*;     ,7. •  , -"7 '" - " "•*'"'■ '>-"- '   -
,       - i
Following is tal_en from George R.
Kirkpatrlck'sbook: "Capitalists want
wars. Politicians declare wars." Workingmen-fight the wars.*'- If^the masters want blood let ■ them cut their
own ..throats. .We don't .want* other
people's blood and we refuse ,tb waste
our own. Let those, who want 'great
victories' go to the firing line and, get
them. 7If,war is good enough to vote
or pray for, it is good enough to go to
The Maple
Coleman, Alta.
Central location, close to
Football grounds and
Tennis Court
When in Coleman give us
a call
Good, assortment of candies
and fancy boxes
Fernie to . .
Los Angeles
ON SALE SEPT. 4th, 5th and 6th
Good for Sixty Days
First class equipment throughout
J. S. Thompson, Agt. '
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
..,    JOHN  BARBER, D.D.S., L O S.,
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.30 to _• 2'to 5;
Residence: 21, Victoria Av«nue.'
..   ,   ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL
"■'    ,     <■ '        ',*'■_ v   ,-
Offices:  Eckstein,Building,'
1 Fernie, B.C.  .
F. C. Lawe 7     Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B, C.  ^ .
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
The Celebrated Richardson Bali-Bearing Skates
are Used Exclus'viely in
the Fernie Roller Rink.
The Most Cheerful Amusement
In Town
Open 7.30 to 10.
Sat. 7.30 to 10.30
Admission Free, Skating 25c,
Shooting Season Starts Sept. 2
, Uomo in and «eo our line of
China, Rifles, Ammunition
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture 1
The .football,match between Fernie '
and, Coal Creek,', which <was"to vta___f ,
place this Saturday, has been'post-,.'
poned.>'      ■ ;-•   ■ •.   ■.'•':.''•'.      *! ■-
According -".to1- statistics,   .Chicago \
evicts 50,000; families'from their .rent--' .7
ed hovels annually."'It is in order' for
some church dignitary to exclaim once-,
again:   "Socialism,would destroy the     ,•
home."—Miners' Magazine.     '
COAL mining rights of'the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, the North '
West Territories and In a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased for a term of twenty-one'
years at an annual rental of fl an acre. •
Not more than 2,660 acres wll be leased
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by   the   applicant   ln , person ,to- tho
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district In,
which the rights applied for are sltuat- '
ed.     , , -    .   ■
In surveyed territory the-land must be -
described by sections, or legal sub-dlvi-'
slons  of:sections,  and  in  unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the^ applicant himself.
'Each apllcationmust be accompanied-
by a fee of .5 which will he refunded if \
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. , A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five-cents por ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of mer- '
chantable coal mined an dpay the royalty, thereon. If the coalmining
rights , are not being,- operated,, such
returns should'be furnished at'least'
once a year, f        '-,'	
The lease will include the coal mislng
rights only, but the lessee may be per- ,
mltted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine
at.the rate of J10.00 an acre.
,Po,r_, .fuU information application
should be made to.the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands. ' " •   -     ,
' ,. "W. W. Oory,
,    .     Deputy'Minister of the Interlo:-.
N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be naid for.
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'♦ ■ '■■" ':_ HOSMER NOTES' V      "<*
•♦'♦ 4. ♦'♦ ♦'*• ♦.♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦-
■ \ Mr. A'. . McL'. Fletcher arrived . in
, towri-on Thursday evening-last.    "
Clem Stubbs and A. -J., Carter,- together with a committee from the Mln
ors" Union, visited - No. ■. 9, 'South, A
l_evel and; No. 2,- B.'" Level pillars - on
-FHdajTlast.  [ •' -   ' - ■'
' Mr.' Joe' Fliion. and' wife went .to
.Creston on Saturday of last week to
visit Mr." F. Opner. .   Joe reports haying a good time.
■'," Some hunters'were a little careless
on  Wednesday  last.      A bush  fire
- started directly, opposite the Hosmer
Hotel on the timber limit belonging to
, <the Elk Lumber Co.        ' ■
Mrs. ^ Jack Grant arrived home on
Tuesday morning from her old country
trip.    ,
,    Dull times for Hosmer.    The mines
- have been idle three days this week.
The old story, shortage of cars is the
trouble.   ; ' ■ ■    '" ••     - •
Some of our local hunters had quite
. an-exciting time on- Sunday, morning.
"When they were returning home they
"built a raft'toi cross the river and apparently it had upset.and some of thenj
got a cold bath.- <y.
We are sorry to report the death of
Miss Lottie Pltblado, of Hosmer. The
deceased had been ailing for some time
and passed 'away peacefully on Sun-
t .day evening last.'- •' We "all extend bur
deepest sympathy to Mrs. Pitblado and
family In their-sad bereavement. The
funeral took place on Wednesday afternoon, ,when it was largely, attended.;
The Rev. 7 Mr. alton- conducted the
burial service at the cemetery.
■ Mr.; and Miss G. Miller, of'Blairmore,
■were .visiting here on 'Tuesday last.
■ Mr ^Norman  Henderson and wife
were' in town on Wednesday last.; „
Miss Phyliss Marlatt   has   arrived
"home from nt"? holiday'in the east. .
Don't forget the'Odd Fellow's ball
will be held "in . the. Opera House on
'the 25th of October.
Hector and Tommy   Keir   left   on
"Sunday, morning's passenger train to
';' go to.; Spokane Fair. -'     .';•,■
President" Stubbs . addressed ,' the
. ^members of the local union on Sunday
morning, „ and  a committee" Was  ap-
-pointed to-consider  what' might be
for .B
We*'are sorry, to 'hear that,-Miss
Wcodhouse, one of the schoolteachers,
hae to' resign''.her position on> account
r,f- ill .health.-' \   ■   ■'•'-     '".
;... Mr.'Palm'er, barrister, of Lethbridge,'
was im tbwn.the first of the week.on
business. ,'-'   7:      ,„■,-•'      •,'    ■
..There is rumor'of-a number'of weddings around town to take place this
month. ■ Keep the good work going.
The mines were idle three'days last
week for want of cars.'
The season opened on the* first of
this month for chicken shooting, and
by the sound of'the guns there' won't
be many left by the first of November.
Mr. J. Grafton; of Fernie, was a
visitor in town the first part of the
Mr. L. Fletcher, of the Summit Lime
Works, was a visitor to-town for the
week-end bn business.   ■
The stork paid a visit to Mr and Mrs
Wm. Chaloner, on.Thursday last and
left a bounding boy. _ Mother and baby
doing well. ...
_>    ,i-
ii ,
reasonably-masked as a price
7__evel pillars" and No. 9 South. • . ,;
" Someone rang the fire bell last Friday evening.' . There was a little heap
of rubbish burning outside A Lund's
store and the fire brigade promptly
-turned' oil';, and extinguished the fire.
' The Hosmer Football'Club journeyed .to Fernie on Saturday - last and
played Fernie in the final of the Aid-
rich Shlold, and again suffered defeat,
the final score being 3 goals, to 2 in
favor of' Fernie. W, Balderstone of
the Hosmer Club, was unfortunate In
having his ankle badly broken, and B.
Turtrldgo, of Hosmer, was knocked out
of 'business for some time.
Tho injury to Baldorston© necessitated a complete chnngo of the team.
They wore unlucky to lose."" Tlie fo);
lowing team represented Hosmer:
I'-iaJderutonoi - Evnnij nnd, Wai'drop;
Wee, W. Whlto, Watson; Beddlneton,
.Hutchinson, Partridge, Challonor' anil
Tho commltteo pf tlio Athletic Club
_\rp busy trying to como to terms wllh
i., S. Gourlay about a suitable hud
for tho nlhlotic club. Ho lias put .,;»
n good propos.Ion, and lt Is up to tlio
BioralKsrs to oomo around nnd holp to
tiooat tho club.
Mr. Harry Drown and family nrrlvod homo on tho locnl on Monday morning and roport. liovlnjr had a splendid
D. G. Wilson wont on n visit to
t Frank at tlio beginning; of tho wook,
nilly Dnldcrstonc enmb homo from
tho hOHpltnl on Monday afternoon.
Tlioy had tho X rays on his foot nnd
round a small' bono splintered, ITo
hopes to bn around lu tlmo for tho
Crahan Cup—p_.rhr.pif,
Tho stork visited tho homo of Mr.
mul Mm. (Villi.*;, on Monday last,
nnd loft a flno baby girl, Mother
nnd (IniiRhtor nro .cooping well. A
llttlo variation In all right. ,
Mr Ed, Purooll nrrlvod hack In camp
on Tuoftday of tout wook.
Tllff Dnn camo homo from IiIb Btam-
p. do Innt wook,
Mr'i. Alox MIHor left on tho paason-
gor on Rmidny or Init wook for a trip
to th» old founts.
The Curling .Club holds its annual
meeting this week. We presume it
means tliat winter is at, hand.
We regret. to announce ctha* Joseph
Scarr has had to have his .injured eye
taken out.       ,.     ■ "
W. Porazil left Bankhead with his
family for Red.Deer,«last, week, Billy
has decided'to dive on the homestead
for the-future.'
Mr'and Mra-Kidd have decided to go
to the old country owing to the' Illness
of Mr.' KIdd's father. '.'
Twp.union, officials and their'"wives
(from Bankhead) went to Canmore to
the dance given to celebrate the opening of the new Miners' Hall, and say
that Canmore Local is to be congratulated for their efforts.
, A few bears have been seen sporting
themselves on the mountain sides during the week, the timid ones feel some
what alarmed, but the sports with the"
gun's sealed, feel disappointed. Such
ls the "ad vantages,of living in the National, Park. ' Some people .go to the
trouble', of rearing - chickens to feed
the nationally protected', chicken
.hawks..—_^^r^.»j-..7 ■■ '—>—:—-
There was a coyote shot on Sunday
on the Cowley Townsite by-an Italian.
Mr. .Coyote had one'of-the'" Italian's
chickens when he .was.shot.' - „ ',
Mrs. M,'' Gilday ■ left on Sunday
night's train on a visit to Gleichen for
a few weeks. Mrs. Gilday, who accompanied her to McLeod'returned
home on Monday, night.   ■"-..-»
Mr. A. I. Blais Is in li-is Bellevue
store for a few days helping out.
Duncan -Hutton is now driving A. I.
Blais' team for a few days.; -      .   ''
Wallace Rainer was> operated on by
Dr. Mckenzie for appendicitis on Monday last. • He is'doing as^weH as can
be; expected. »
The members of the Methodist'
Church choir held a farewell social on
Thursday last for Miss Ruby Irwin
who has left for Calgary. A good
supper was prepared by the members,
who, .with "the aid of .her friends did
justice to the good things. After
supper Miss Irwln was presented with
a purso of money. The presentation
was made by Mr. Watts Goodwin
(choir leader) on behalf of the members who in his remarks thanked- Miss
Irwin for the way. she had taken her
part in the choir., Mi3s Irwin' res7
ponded with a nice little speech.
Games were played and solos and re-'
citations were given, the artists being
"Quartette,"., Miss Ruby Irwin, Messrs.
J. Marsh, E.»Fisher and L_ Goodwin;,
songs by Mrs. F. Wolstenholme, Mrs.
W Miller,, J Milnes, J Hutton, D Hutton, Mr*J.-Marsh; recitations by Mrs.
D. Davidson- and Fred Padgett. A
good time was spent and finished up
with the singing of "Should old acquaintances be forgot." ' 'Miss Irwln
left for Calgary on Friday's local. We
all' wish her the best of luck.
The ■ company are pushing -ahead
with the-work on the new tipple, quite
a number of men working on - same.
They have got the box car weighing
scales completed and are1 also >well.ton
in the' work of the box car loader. -
.Mr. T. 07Davis,-one of our fire
bosses, who'was up at the recent ex-
'Mr. Scarr, senior, journeyed to Calgary on Friday laBt to see his son, Joe.
. Steve Catrano leaves this week for
Italy. He will be greatly missed by
the..'orchestra ',,  •
♦ " , '   ♦
Mr. Easterbrook, cutter for P. Burns,
left town on Tuesday.
Sir. and Mrs. Lee wero in town from
Blairmore a few days this week,   • -
Mr., Harold Boyd, who was well
known in Frank up till a few months
ago, as cutter for P.-Burns, has returned to spend a weekwlth his old friends
prior to taking over the Hillcrest shop.
Mr. St. John, .agent for a "household book" has been around this week
delivering the orders which he took a
few' months ago.
Tommy Davis, who went to England
a few months ago, returned tb ,town
last Wednesday night and a number
of his old pals were on the platform to
meet him and were somewhat dlsap-
polned ,-to see hlm^come alone. But
he really is married, and left Mrs,
Davis at home, to come later.- Congratulations.   ,'•:,.
Peter Lepenez.'wife and family, have
returned to Frank, from Pocahontus,
wither they wandered in search of better things a few months ago. but now
Frank is good,enongh. We would not
be surprised tb see some more of our
friends from Pocahontus trying to get
Into_the fold again..
Born—To Dr. and Mrs. McKay, on
Tuesday 24th ult, a son.
Geo. Crulkshahks, of Hillcrest, P.
Hughes, and Di\ Bell, of Passburg,
were in town on Tuesday. ■
■ Mr. Hicks, of Calgary, Is spending
a holiday in town, the guest of Mr.
Robert McGowan.
Miss Bacchus is'now acting as waitress in the Frank Ho.ei.
'. The town of Frank was favored last
Sunday by a visit from Mr. John Simpson ,of Hillcrest.
Owing- to increase of business, W:
Demousty has been forced to put another annex; to his store which Is boing built- by 'Mr. Dubois.
The moving of the town has been in
process for the past week, even though
there -have been several set backs,
such as ' breaking of the engine, etc.
Already two of the houses are safely
placed on their new lots. A gang of
men have-'been at work-pulling down
the Imperial Hotel for the past few
days, the good- lumb'er_is__to_-be--.u8ed.
in the fair,
wheat and'
He had the "best sheaf of
♦ ♦ ♦
■ Mr. George Noble, who has beon in
camp for some months past has now
said'good-bye'to his many friends In
Bellovuo and gone to live with his
parents at Fernie, Success to you,
• The grand annual ball given undo?
tho auspices of tho Polish Society'of
Bellevue in the Socialist Hnll wns a
grand success, and a largo crowd was
iii nttowlanco/ Tho dnnco was kept
up till tho'woo hours of the morning.
-Quito a> numbor of Conservatives
from Bollovuo went to Lundbrock on
Wednesday to attend the convention,
hold for th,o purpose of forming tho
oxocutivo commuted for the forthcoming election In this province,
MIrs J. McDonald, of Blairmoro, was
a visitor In Bellevue on Wednesday,
tho guoat of Miss Mary Donsloy,
Mrs. W. Rold, of Frank, was a visitor In town on Wednesday, tho guost
of Mrs. Frank llonsloy,
Mr. Percy Androwa, tlio sculo Inspector for tho C, P. It., wiih a visitor
lu town this wook on business. Ho
Is staying at tlio llollovuo Hotel.
•Tlio MIbhob Smolda and Jano Hoyon
loft lown for tlio convont at Plnchor
Crook, to attond school for tho winter
months. Tholr many llttlo frlonds
wish thorn good succobb.
Mtflfl Mary Donsloy and Miss Josslo
McDonald loft town for I_iindb.cc.l_ on
Thursday. Thoy woro so busy with
somo frlondB that thoy lost tho 12
o'eolek train and had to wait tho 0.30
train nt night,
MIsr Annlo Brldgo, who has boon
visiting hor mother, Mrs.-.. H. Hrhlgo,
In llollovuo, for somo tlmo past has
said fcood-bye and left for hor lionio
In Creston, B.C.
John Unrulck, who has boon attending tho fair at Nolnon, roturnod homo
on Friday Inst.    Ho says tho fair was
a good o'no,
Mrs. (3. W. Cousons was n visitor in
amlnation for, pit boss, returned home
last week end. But he did not come
alone, as he brought, back Mrs. Davis
with him. - She arrived at Medicine
Hat on." the 12th,- from Wales, where
she was met by Tommy, at 'which place
they were united in'the folds of matrimony. We all wish them luck in their
new life. '   •
The union boys heUfa smoker last
Saturday evening in the Pioneer Hall.
Quite'a crowd was there and although
It was a llttlo temperate the boys had
a good time and some were feeling
good about the finish. J_is talent was
of the best, some very good songs be.
Ing sung.also a few recitations were
given and somo excellent step dances.
Tho star of the evening certainly was
the chairman, who conducted tho concert in fine stylo, nt the same tlmo
helping tho thing along with a fow of
his good old songs.-, Tho boys wero
highly pleased with him and thoy hope
jt won't be the last tlmo ho will obllgo
them, as thoy intend running a fow
more during tho wlntor,
A start hiis.bcon made on tlio fifty
now houses tho company aro building.
Thoy have to havo a>concrete foundn-
elsewhere.- ,-*       "'
Mr. McKay, of Frank, paid a visit to
Bellevue on Sunday.
The subject of next Sunday's sei'-
mon at the Methodist Church.is announced to be "Is the Bible Inspired?"
Born—On Wednesday, Oct. 2nd, to
Mr and Mrs. Chas. Mottyl, a son.
Venzll Ruzicka has started work on
his new house at the back of Bohemian
Town. In the meantime he has taken
up residence in the upstairs of the
old Customs Office.   -
Mr. E. Acheson returned from his
trip to the coast on Monday.
A much-needed Job has been dono by
the government road gang this weok,
the road through tho slide hns had
the loose stones taken off and repaired In places. ■'
that was exhibited,
but tcok no prize as he did-not have
a collection.
,.Jin: Batefnan, Tom Schoefield nnd
Pick-Jones have moved in- from their
homesteads and will work at the Cai-
a'la West.   .
The big mine closed down on Sat-
urdr.y for want of cars. The C. P. _s.
have stationed a switching engine here'
this week, ■
•>R, Huntroyd,' surveyor at the Canada West will be married on Thursday
to Miss Gidman of this town.
The Taber Times of last week stated that J. D. McNiven, fair wage officer of the Dominion Government, wus
in.lown. A miner who happened lo
see the article in the paper, was heard
to ask why the gentleman' did not
make his presence known to the work-
in? men of the town. The Ide-x!
Just imagine those fellows getting
their idea of,a fair wage from a working plugs.     It is tb laugh!
A meeting of Taber Local S. P. of
C. was held in the Miners' Hall on
Sunday. Speeches were made in different languages. ' The foreign element at Taber realize their position
and that the only way to remedy it
Is by the ballot. Comrade Williams
gave a good address in English and
sang the "Red Flag." Charlie O'Brien
is expected to be, in Taber about the
twentieth of the month.
Loral 1959 held Its regular menir.g
on Wednesday'*night. The routine
business was gone through and the
questi-fa of the.^columns of the District
Ledger being open to members of the
organization was discussed. The
members felt that the Ledger 'as an
organ of the miners should be open
to any discussion of labor tactics, and
that any. member of our union should
be given an opportunity to put his
views before the memoers of the dis-,
trict., The secretary was ordered to
write the Ledger and express the
views of the local on the question: ■
(It is quite true that whilst the columns, of. the Ledger are open to- the
members of the organization, it does
not give such members the right to
stigmatize District 18 in particular
and.the International organization In
general.,. When individual members
attempt to use1 its columns as a med
dlum thro' which to vent their sple*en,
The. Coal Creek Male Voice Choir
is once more getting in harness. The
first practice' to take place on Sunday,
Oct. 6th in- the Club Hall. Will all
the old members please note. Conductor, J. Morgan.-    "   ' ,
Following on the successful working
of the club during the last three
months during which a substantial profit has been made, the boys >* are
having a smoker on Saturday.   ,
Born—To Mr and Mrs. John McCourt
on the 1st, a son. Mother and child
doing well.
Tho ladies in connection with the
Presbyterian Church are contemplating another picnic to glorrissey Junction.    Particulars later."1
Mrs. Joseph Boardman and family
arrived back in camp, after their holiday spent In Lancashire, England. Joe
is now looking more contented.
Billy Corlett has r.esumed work
again after his accident. We wish
you well, Bill.
Miss Lamfear is table maid _;t the
Teepee Boarding House, having taken
the place of Nelly Monks, who is keep
ing house for her father and brother
fn Welsh camp.     <
The football match between Fernie
and Coal Creek, which wcs'to.take
place this Saturday,, /as been postponed.      . ■",
While T. Mindizulr, a miner employed in l East Mine, was following, his
employment on Saturday, Sept. 2Sth,
he had tbe misfortune to run his pick-
into his foot, severing an artery. After
being attended to by Dr. Workman
he was able to proceed home to Fernie.
J, Mateculk, a driver   in _. 1    South .
Mine, was squeezed between a car and
the rib, which necessitated attention
by Dr. Workman.    After treatment ho
was able to proceed home.
Josuah Boardman has been undergoing medical treatment. We are
pleased tb report him doing well again.
Tho roads are none too good for
motor cars around this camp.   So re-.
marked the tourists up here on Wednesday.
(For other Camp  News see page 8)
Don't forget to try Eastern's
When you want
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
conTmunications sent in
breathe a spirit of vindictiveness and<
captious ' criticism, then the Ledger,
cannot lend itself ns an accomplice
for such purposes. Regarding the
note sent in by our Taber correspondent re .the settlement of dispute, arrived at between Commissioner -McNeil and President Stubbs, this being
of an offlcial'nature was handed over
to the District Secretary, who, no'
doubt will give.the matter his attention.— Editor.) „
Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   at   Lowest   Prices
tlon to thorn, of which n dozen nio
Tabor Is going through Its yenvly
difficulty lu regard to shovtago of men.
At this times of yonr thero Is plenty of
employment and  tho  cry  Is  raised
Tho funeral of otir latn brother, .Tnhn
Voroy, who mot with nn acpldnnt whlto
at hln work In tho minoi in April Inst,
wbb held on TiifiBdny. lio had been
In lho hospital over ilnco tho accident.
Tho -iinorftl Mrvlr*. wbr hf\ft In fhr*
Union Hnll and was largely attended,
the Local Union, of which ho wm a
mombor, following tho romalna to tho
comotory. Tho icrvlcoi woro conducted by tho Hov. Mr. Murray. H«
lonvos » wife and family to mourn tlio
!ot_ of (i kind and &__e<.tlor-_.to hu>
bjuid, and a lovlnr father, alto a largo
uumliii' _>_ ftltmiU, l)o«t)fii_d waa a
native of Finland, but hu bean in thia
Mrtinlry for a, number of year*.
Tho mine* wen) Idle today owing to
the death of oar late Brothor, John
nrB«., r*>tnvnl"nf home vv Hie- local ,.l
Mr. anil Mrs James McNeil worn at
Blairmoro on flaturdny nlRht on busl-
nois ond roturnod homo nt nlRht by
1hr> Iftpril
Mr*. James Couaena waa vliltlng in
Colomnn oh Saturday night on bust-
Mia* Annlo Sherman, of Palmer and
l-owla' law office, Lothbridgo, Ib vl»U-
Ins in nollovuo, the Knott of Mr*. Caw.
Mr. 13. W. Chrlalle, of rtollevue, of-
roptod the pulpit   of   the Walrmort. jnot w»ouKb
Oaptlrt Church on Sunday night Inat.
TJie Ret, W. Young, ouvpioi tbo
pulpit at th* RaIIaviio Mftthodiat
Church on Sunday laat In (he abienoe
of,the Rev. Irwln.   ,\\
roady for commencing building. Somo
aro to bo larger than tho ones now occupied,
Somo of tho pool players nro beginning to fancy thomsolvos. The stars
hod bost look out In case somo of tho
fancy onos spot thorn twenty.
Mr. Allan Hamilton loft on Wednesday for tho Pacific Pubh, whoro hn Is
taking n Job as flro Iiorh. Wo wish
him ovory succors,
Big Mac Is getting a bit fidgety tlioHO
dayH. Don't got iinonsy, Mac, It will
Hoon ho ovor, <
Tho big amolto atncJc for tho now
bolloi'H wnn BiiO-CBftfiilly put Into plnco
tho othor day.
Thoro wan a danco at tho Round
Hoime on Monday night. Thoro wan
qulto a crowd and all had a good tlmo,
Willies Smith, tho morchnnt, wilt
bunliioBH Iww and left tho othor duy
for Calgary. Wo all hopo ho will
do better ther...
Tho company has been busy on repair work Inside tho mlno, widening
out ontrlos nnd putting In tho wide
gnugo for tho big earn, Thoy ox-
pert, to ho rwtdy fo whip conl In a wook
or so.
Vt^f, r»>'r ■•!.'    .IT
' ■   '-■   wo...    nu.   illUV   ..tat
Rundnv n.ul Mon Any. .!_■ .itW.<i<3i.
tho motlng on Sunday when a mm-
mltteo was appointed to ncoompniiy
him to moot tho managemont, with n
view of drawing up nn ngroomont, but
nothing via ififfn t« <t     .__,,.:..».'.!__*...
Mr. Uilty McDonald was appointed
President of tho Local at last Sunday's
meeting In place of (3d. Cope, who has
loft tho camp, We hope Hilly will
make a good Job of It
We could be doing with a Dally
mall service out here at preaent. V»'«
only get mall twice a week, whlrh 1*
about tho shortage of labor.    Mon nro
SMhffo Cure
STOW MOOHS:'!?;!,_-.',
needed In tlio building trades, nnd for
all outnldo work, ospoclnlly for harvesting purposes, nnd nono nro avallnhle.
In a couplo of months from now tho
outsldo work will bo cloHod down for
thb wlntor, and Jobs will bo at a premium. Then soup kltchoiiH will bo
tho ordor of tlio dny, Prosperity for
thc rich and mlsi.-iy for tho poor no
Tho Canada Wost mlno Is working
full swing. Tha output Ih IncronHlng
na moro mon aro employed, Thoro
Is room for qulto n number of mon
at (IiIh mine,
Tho l-iirokn Mlno Ih dotted down.
Tho mon havo had no pay for two
montlm, ho thoy icfusod to work nny
lonijor. Tills mlno Iuih not pnld any
dividends alnro tlio i-oinpnny wan formed, It Ih a (mod property and ounlit
to pay.
Tho Town Council has pnHMod a byo-
law iwrmittlng a spur to lie built from
tho ('. 1*. It. to tho Kureka and Wlilto
Ash Collieries, north of town.
Hnpnrlor MlneB have coinmeiu'cd op-
(.ration.., nnd nro shipping conl,  Thoso
nilui'H nro north of the liclly Mv<t|
and the coal hn» to ho hauled bv tannin I
to the railroad and loaded on thn cars. I
.mi'i .ii..... i.u.r.i.u in (ho big ui I no
thli) u't-ck,     He worked two months
at th<* Kur^hn and _?ot no pay jet.
Jim Ostler and lllll Forsytlio are
working for tho Tabor Livery Co.
.min .....UK hi'ini mihii iu muiio ut the
Knrekn .Mine.
Hum Stuhbart has moved to town
from his homoAtond. He is going to
work for Wild-nan nt tho carpentry
trade. 8am has put in his three years
nnd will teH hln fl..* thin fall.
Charley Rogers, a former president
of ..om. io.'.f>, wrifl a visitor to u_v.u
Jaxt week, Um otily visit for thirteen
month. I He has a homestead adjoining the nnw townsite of Itamoy. Hr>
la president of the Local of the V. V.
ef A. an that p!*?*.
fleh .\feAHI»f*r n-_»_» in tonm Mklnu
♦ ♦
► ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«►♦♦ ♦
Tho mines aro still working stoady,
and 'worked, twenty-four shifts, last
Superintendent Shanks journeyed to
Frank on Sunday and returned on Wednesday, Pit boss W. Lancaster ncled
as super during his nhesnec.
,A largo crowd of people attended the
Presbyterian Church on Sunday to
extend a wolcomo lo tholr now pastor,
Rev. Mr. Pearson, who comes from
Ihirmis. lie Is n native of Scotland,
having boon in this country about
twolvo months, and Ih an ardent work-
cf for tho social llfo of lho young, as
evidenced by IiIh Intention of opening
up a hoys' club In tho near future.
Wo wIhIi him every huccohb In IiIb enterprise.
Mr and Mrs. Oorgo O'Drlen arrived
hack on Tuptiibiy, having speiit'u plon-
sant holiday ul tin: toast.
Jimmy Htlrllnj;, powor house engineer, Ih Hiking In tlm fair nt Spo^
kniio, We wish you n good tlmo,
Wo have ofien wondered why Tommy gooH to town ovory Sunday night.
We think thbrn Ih houio attraction In
the fomnlo section of tho DnptlHt
Chin..li,'  Nuff scd this tlmo.
Wo Intvc the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.     Kvevything in
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing: and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite ft' Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK, Alta.     P.O.Box 90
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A, CLAIR .'-. Proprietor
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries.   Dry Goods, and General  Merchandise
The People's Store
Owned by
ihe People
Managed, by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
Wi. ii.vi...' tim ii_K|>.»_aion ot thc
public to our stock which is absolutely
trcsli nnd choice in every partieul.ir.
We huvc one of the finest stores
in tlie Pass.
We ave in every wny suited to
supply.the public- with (pmlity goods
at living priees. Could you expect
more ?
ii :
V~LV i-:.-
■cer. "_.__■_
'•'   -.   •- v     -I'-'
yy yy. ry:;
• -   i -        v.      .,.    •- r       - '-
Vancouver Island
4 i' '   r      '
Strike Situation
Conditions; Remain Unsettled at Cumberland and Ladysmith, and No
Men are at Work in Either
'" CUMBERLAND, V. I., Sept. 30,—In
Cumberland and Ladysmith "the strike
situation remains the same; no men
.are at work In either camp. A deputation waited on Sir Richard McBride
on Friday, when the question was discussed, and he asked that the presentation be first in writing. The executive addressed the following letter
to the premier,
Sopt. 21
Victoria, B.C.
Sir Richard  McBrider
Honored Sir—We beg to submit
herein facts in connection with the
cases of discrimination that has finally-
culminated in a stoppage of work by
the miners employed by the Canadian
Collieries Co., at their mines at Cumberland and Extension, for your consideration:
Some two or three months ago.
Oecar Alotinshaw arid Isaac Portray
were elected as a gas committee to
examine, the mines of said committee
pany at Extension and report on the
condition of the tunvs as 'required by
During tlieir exauriiiation thej; found
aud reported gas lri five working places. The management of the mliwjs,
upon' tho posting oi this report,- iSallpd
on the Chief Inspector of'Mines, Mr."
Graham, to come 'lo Extension and
make, an examination of the places in
question. This ho did, aiid'the report of tho gas committee was verified. Soon after thft the place where
Oscar Mol|nshaw was working was
finished and ho wa# refused "another
lace. Ner men wcm employed while
he was idlo waiting for an opportunity
and asking-to work. Not wishing to
bo tlie cause of any :*oublo between
the management nwhrtae men, he left
there and went to CuMDerland, where
he secured.employment working for a
contractor in the mines of the same
company. • He had only worked there
three <lay_ when the contractor, Mr.
Cole, received instructions   from   the
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines, Liquors and
Phone 83, Frank, Alta.
Stephen L. Humble
• Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool •
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelvwod Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B, C.      Phone 34
Nowhere Iii the Pass can be
found  In  such  a  display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork. Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.   '
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phono 56
superintendent, Mr. Henderson; to dis:,
charge hini. '. Mr: Cole demurred, saying that Motuishaw was' a good work-;
, . v
man, and he"had no reason .to ,di^
charge him, asking Mr.' Henderson
what reason ' ,would give Motiiishaw.
Henderson insisted be-must discharge
him, saying.he ecrald tell him .that he
could not pay him .3.50 per "day, the
amount he had agreed to' pay him,
.whilst the men were' being paid that
amount Cor the same work.,- Mr. Cole
complied with the request of Mr. Henderson, and discharged Motinshaw.
As Motinshaw was a member of the
U. M. W. of A„ the matter was taken
up by the union- at Cumberland, and
it was decided to send a committee
to' interview the management. The
committee went to the office of the
company but were refused a hearing,
Mr. Lockhart, superintendent,. saying
he would not deal with any committee,
but would deal with the individual who
had, any grievance. Then Mr. Motinshaw went to the office to enquire the
reason why he was discharged, and
was Informed by the superintendent
that Lhey did not have to give any
reason. They reserved the right' to
hire and discharge unquestioned.
Then a mass meeting of .all the em--
ployees of the company in Cumberland
was called, and another committee
was sent tb interview the management
but when they went to the office the
management refused them a hearing
also, Mr. Clinton, who came to the.
door to meetthem, saying: "We don't
want to hear you at all," and shut the
office door.
• The committee returned to the meeting and'reported. The meeting thereupon decided to" take a holiday until
the management would meet a committee, and provide some means for
ithe adjustment of difficulties and differences that may and do arise around
large industrial operations.
Now, sir, the information that we
desire from you js this: When men
are appointed or elected as'a gas committee at''any mines in" this province
and do their duty under the law, what
piotc-ction does the law afford them?
Does it prevent the emploj'er or his
agents . from discriminating against
them 01 discharging .hem in case they
n.ake a report not satisfactory to the
management?     ,       '    .
District President.
° Inter. Board1 Member
- , Inter. Organized
The .miners',.officials  received the
following telegram on Monday:
'*   -      (Copy)
■£.' .Victoria, Sept. 24, 1.912.
Mr. Robert Foster, President U. M. W:
of A:».. -    - "        ■ ■   - '
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Flrnr rl««« Hnraei for ftnlt*.     f.
Ouys Horses on Commlilon
George Barton    Phone 78
Every convenience and comfort, Just
like being at home,  Ont block
from Poet Office.  Csntr*
■tly locatsd
M. A. WILKBS.   •   Proprietor
PELLAT AVE.     •    •    •     PIRNII.
A Flash of
Ib Junt ns likely to Htrlko
tlio liouao of tho uninsured
mnn nn tlmt of IiIh moro pru<
dont neighbor, Ko building
Is Immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
vnn nnd hnvo n lltthlnlm.
rlmmo ntti.Rhr.1 to tho policy.
Tlicri yon needn't wony every
tlmo thero U n thunderstorm.
80I0 Agent for Pornlo
, ,;. Jy
■■'.-.   *">>
Breathing Cure for Throat aad Chest;
mryfi*r ■ 1 >
•y •*•■:$■■;
THE. introduction of those,new breathe-able
tablets, the silver-jacketed'Peps, has meant
a revolution in the' treatment of lung^throat
and chest ailments. Incidentally it has rendered
obsolete the many old-fashioned cough mixtures
containing laudanum and paregoric or opium in
one form or another.
Old-fashioned cough mixtures are not only dangerous^ because of
'tho opium iri them, but useless in design, because it is a physiological
impossibility for any liquid modjoine to enter the lungs. At tho Back
of tho mouth are two tubes, one the gullet,'along which all food is
conveyed to the stomach; and the othor consisting of the' throat and
windpipe, organs used solely to tako the breath of lifo to the lungs
and send the bad "air" out.   Between the stomach ;,/
and the lungs no passage whatever exists.   Hence to' V:
get to throat and lung troubles, it becomes necessary \
to alter the form bf the, medicine* itself. ' The acoom- -„ '.'-•
plishment o_ this,in .Peps combined with the freedom of.,S
Peps from opiuni gives to4his remedy its unique character
and its extraordinary success. ,    *
A Peps tablet, divested of its preserving silver wrapper,",
is placed on the tongue; and as it dissolves, certain rare
medicinal fumes are given off, which can then be breathed
quite easily down tho throat and windpipe into the lungs'and
chest.   These delicate air-passages which have been irritated *
by frequent coughing and clogged with phlegm are soothed,
cleared and strengthened; tho lungs are healed and invigorated, and all gorms likely to provoke, inflammation and
disease are destroyed.      '■   • ;.,
Send this coupon nnd
lc stamp, to PEPS CO.,
52 Princess St., Winnipeg, or Dupont St., Tor-
ontoand free trial packet
will be mailed. .
Peps embody all the virtue, ol tha -
open-air treatment and cure Coughs,
Ooldf, Soto or Relaxed Throat, Bron-
ohitla, Weak Ohost, Catarrh, Hoar*.-
ncia, Children's Coughs and Colds,
Croup, Influents Colds and other'
Throat and Chest Ailments, pre.a-
lfnt during tho changeable' and
perilous weather. .
Of all Druggists and Stores 60c box
or; post free from PEPS CO.,
Toronto or _ _ Princess St., Winnipeg,.
- CUMBERLAND, Sept. .SOl—At a
mass meeting held in the Cumberland
Hall, which was crowded to the doors,,
several prominent oiiicials of the
miners' • organization delivered addresses; a.vote was.taken and decided
that a ballot should take "place as to
whether the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Lih., were discriminating or not.
A motion was movod and it was decided a ballot be taken to decide the question. Said ballot will be taken at an
early date, .twenty-four hours .notice to
be given.   l
It was decided that the, Chinese
vote, as they were alsof employees of
the company; Cumberland and Extension to vote simultaneously..
The miners turned down the voting proposition and then held a mass
meeting, behind' closed doors. They
decided that' nothing more be done
until -^urthefr. instructions be received from headquarters. The-prospects
of a •" settlement, therefore, seem as
•Car off as ever.' ' ■
Have carefully perused your letter
of 26th inst., and.fail to find grounds
warranting an inquiry under the Coal
Mines Regulation Act. ■ Letter follows.
(Copy of letter.).
R. Foster, Dist. President U. M. 7W of
, A., Nanaimo, B.C.':
Sir,—I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 21st,
sotting forth particulars of the alleged
discrimination cases by the Canadian
Collieries (Dunsmuir, Ltd.) against
certain employees,' acting on gas committee,
In reply I bog to confirm my'telegram of today as followb
"Havo carefully. perused your let-
tor of 21st Inst, and fall to find grounds
warranting an Inquiry under the' Coal
Minos .Regulation Act. Letter follows."
Departmental, Inqulrler. aro governed
hy Sections 48,' 7;I9, i>0, li] and 52 of
said act, and ln the absence of anj?
s'poclflc charge a complaint against
ftny.porson or persona affected hy the
operation of the said act, the department cannot undertake proceedings. •,
I linvo tho'honor to bo, sir, ■
Your obedient servant,
?vllnlB.ci' of Mines,
"This inoiniH," HiiyH tin. minors' ro-
prasenlntlve, "Hint nothwlthstnndlng
Uio' direct quoRtlpn put to him ai. to
wlmt protection inon who nro appointed
or oloctod on gnu coinrnlttoos wj.l hnvo,
lio  evades  llio  question  ontlroly."
PARIS,. Sept. '30.—A remarkable invasion of ithe ancient homes of- the
French aristocracy' by Socialists is an'
nounced this week.' The Co-operative
Society'of Workmen, numbering'four
thousand, has just brought the historical Chateau De Biovil', dating from the
seventeenth century,' for $120,000'.
In the park, which' was originally
.laid out by Lenotre, 400 smpll' dwellings will he erected, without, it is asserted, in any way spoiling the surrounding scenery. Tho .principal sites
will be reserved as an open ground
for the community at large. • \
The", chateau Itself will bo used in
common as a club restaurant, etc.
Shops will bo installed ln the outbuildings to'supply the needs of the
village, Tlio members of tho co-oporatlvo socloty are losing no tlmo ln
staking oul silos and arranging with
builders. Tlio scheme ls thought to
mark an Important stop ln tlio progross of tlio communist Idea.
All Four Political Parties In California
Endorse Socialists' Great Forward
Stop In Economics ,
SAOllAMBNTO, Sopt. 30.—Grnntlng
poiiBloiis to mothers of chlldron, whoro
fathers havo dlod, boon disabled or
havo dl-iuppi-iircd, Is the now monsuvo
of Hocinl JiibUuo ondoi'HOil hy nil four
C. N. P. Football League
The final tie "in the Aldridge Shield
was played in Fernie ° on ' Saturday,
September 28th. Hosmer ,and- Fernie
being the contestants. - Hosmer wore
strongly represented, having the as-
istance of Wtson/Evans/Challinor and
Beddington of Michel. Fernie; bn the
other hadn, being short of the' Brothers Adamson and Pete, Joinson.   An
unfortunate,accident happened in the
early part of the game, ualderstone,
who was playing goal for Hosmer, having the misfortune to fracture'his foot
in a collision with Bert Hartwell.
The. play was of an even nature,
bu,t goals seemed easy to get, the respective keepers .being largely to blame.
Fernie scored first through Hartwell,
Tommy Hutchinson, bouncing the ball
once too often, found it beyond his
reach,, and Bert Hartwell,had no'.difficulty -in scoring. Hosmer equalized in ten minutes, Orr, Fernie's • goal;
keeper,.missing;his'kick and Challirier
slipped _the. bail > into the net. .The
score .was even'at halftime, each side
having, registered once. ...__
Fifteen minutes from the restart
Fernie scored again,* Hutchinson missed his kick, "and Manning, running in,
had ho difficulty in scoring, - Hosmer
were playing a vastly improved game
from a week ago, and despite the fact
that they had only ten men they had "a
large share of the play. - Their forwards repeatedly made raids on,
Fernie's goal, but Fernie backs wero
playing a sound defence and allowed
no opportunities to score. Murray,
of. Fernie Junior's, who was playing
good football, scored a third goal for
Fernie. Hosmer goalkeeper was
again to blame, a faulty clearance placing the ball at Murray's feet; Ihe kid
made no'mistake,'and slipped the ball
Into tho net.    •   ■>,'
Tho game soomod to bo all over now,
bar tho shouting, but Hosmer kept
pegging away, ond good forward play
by tho entire front line enabled Partridge to scoro tho .best goal of tho
match, Timo was called shortly nftor-
wards, Fornlo loading by three goals to
Fornlo evidently did not miss tholr
absent players', while Hosmor wore
well served by tholr now men, Frod
Doddln'Blon being especially good. Tlio
gamo whh value for n draw, and hnd
ilosnu-i- not lost a plnyor ho early in
lho gamo thoy would probably' havo
Vornlo jo-irnoy: to Conl Crook' today
to play tho socond round of tho Crahan Cup,
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Manager:,, "Go to it boys, we need the money." ,
the .duty of the man to share equally
with his wife-all earnings and'property'-'at such times as' she-may be
incapacitated for work, that, the expenses of the household and the children shall be equally divided." ■
that the financial* responsibility shall
be divided, no matter whose fault'.the
divorce might be. . >      .
..' Washburne and his'finance are both
college graduates, he of the University
of Chicago and Stanford, 'she of two
Philadelphia  institutions.    .
. "Steadfast men-are needed-in public 7
life, says Supreme. Court Justice Pit-. r
ney,-"men-able to resist the tumult of"
of the crowd.".' ^And'.■•we- alco^need--
a steadfast "crowd—a. crowd- able to" -
resist the encroachments of steadfast
.inen."-^:Life> ."., ,.' .■. .*,.  .. -  ', -' ■-.'■-
•"Mr. 'Roosevelt'is the best friend-,
the Socialists have ever had iri this-
country."—New York .World."' .' , '
The Socialists say not, but'what do
they know'about Socialism?—Chicago
Tribune. -' ' '	
One Night
Mr. Paul Gilmorc
Drunk With Power Hn Rides Rough'
ihod over Vancouvor Island
Pnmi lor Mcllrldo hns rufiiHod n dolo>
Kiillon of Vniicouvor ThIiuwI mlnorB,
linu-lcul by .luck Plnco, n HoolnllHt mombor for Nnnninio riding, nnyjiHHiirnnco
of tiilthm fttcpa to bring nliout n Hottlo-
mont of the1 ki'Ioviiiicoh botweon the
miners and the mine owncru,
Tlio violation of tho Conl MlneB Re-
KUlntlon Act, fnlluro lo pny undor tho
Worknion's ComponsnllOTi Act, mlno In*
Uliortorfl thnt do nol hiBl'oct, cxpoba
HtornKo of oxploHfvoH oinliinRorlnM" lui-
mnn lifo, ittid a hundred and one potty
■ . tn
«..»*    > l»l,f •. .1,     .*i f,     fl      Llfl     L\JtlL*-IH      Lit     LIIU
yivnvlurlnl fvccMllvf fotitic_1
Thoy nro firmly woal^d In tho govern-
muntril twiddle, and neod pay no attention to royal communions of Invostlga''
tlon thnt arc nover nppaltited In good
1 B.   *Wi   WIDDOWklON, Ai»ny»r and
ChMnlit, 1»« JOUM, Ntl»on, n. C
Oh«r»Mi—Ooljl. Bliver. U«d or Copper,
It ••eh, OoM-Hllver; or Hllv«r.r**«,
11.80. 'Prlote for oVntr m*ii.li.: Goal,
__m«n_, Fir«el*r »n«ty»M on «pplle*.
lion., ThrUrtm eaetom %.tny office
in Ttrttttb Calnmhtt.
'1,   fo»-  1   fl'iri'l   ll.'.l   9 ,\l..
of tlm Cnlll'ornlii party plntformn adopted horo this week,
Tho SoolallstH woro lho first to wrlto
It Into tholr list of Immediate domnml»
tnltlng tho notion rocontly after n
Ktroiig H|iccnh In its bohnlf by Mrs,
Wlvlnn, S, HonlH, nsBombly camlldnle
from llorkoloy,
, Tho UooHovolt HopubllcniiB camo
noxt, tlio prlmilplo Hoourlng endorsement In lliolr complotod'platform. Tho
parly Ih phulgort to pass n pension law
for tho r.llof nf mothorB of dependent
chlldron, r,,
Bnnntor f-iimlnottl, who had provloim
ly i.nnoii.ir_.l IiIh Intention to mal.o
this nn in tm c of tlio Democratic campaign, RP-'iirai tho adoption by IiIb
pnrly of tho following iloelnrntlon:
"Wo favor the ponBlonlng of npody
motlioi'H   with   young  fihlldrni.   with
thorn, nnd undor homo InflnoncoB, Wo
...        ' , .. ,       ,   ,.    ,.    i
fro... '\\\\i\\ ihr-rr __Lull lip pnld nn M-
lownnro to ennh noody molho'v at
ohildhlrlli, similar to tho laws put In
forco by somo of tho most progroHBlve
legislature.! of tho present tlmo,"
 :—__., :-—, ^ -. pp.
A Guaranteed Attraction
Curtain 8,30 - Carrlnget 10.45 \   \
Tl,,,   1'.  'i
(l.nl..    .lint
ber Uh own cIiihb on election day.
And nono appreclnto this fact moro
thnn thb oily qir Dick.
Whon tho workers give polltlrnl ex«
proBilon to tholr Imlustrlnl needs and
rofinlromonts thoy may exi>oct different irootment.
Hwt not till then,—n. (".. Federation-
Aluminium in the most nbundnnt
of til the moiftlA. lt« oxldo makoi up
from IS to 16 per c«nt of the eirlh'e
form, plpdgo to wipjvort to 'ronBonttblo
ponsloiiH to the mothorB of dopondont
ThtiB tlm four portion wIiobo nom-
InooH will make up tho entire mombor-
ehlp of tho noxt California loglHlaturo
stand plcilgi'd to enact t\ law which
•hall Ruarnntco to ovory mother In
California the opportunity to retain
wire am! trnlnlng of hor own children
in hor own homo and doling forever
the old hnd dayi of the tending of
half-orphan* to publlo Imtltntlont to
llvo out n mid, bloek childhood.
Youno Couple In California Agree on
Strange Contract—Equal Rights
v In Money
LOS ANOISLKS, Oot, 1—ConvontlonB
nrnfllmttoret] In a mnrrlngn eonlraot
BlKiiod by MIhh 1101111*. 0111111(1101', n(.od
21, dun Kb tnr of Julln Dnvlfl Clinndlor,
author, of Fhiladolphln, und Carlton
\V. WriBlibiirii, uiiod 2fl, aon of Marlon
Ii-ostor WaBhhuni, nutlior nnd lecturer,
of Pawi-ona.
Tlio youiiRf pooplo mot a wook ngo,
thoir irmrrlni.0 IIcciibo whh iBBiicd yos-
lonfiiy, tho proniiptlnl agreement signed nud Bonlod, and to-morrow thoy will
be joined in lugnl mnrrlago, which atop
they tnko, tho ngroomont Biiya, for tho
happlnoflfl of their children and for
Uio live liiU'.i-vuiiuii.imcu.lon ul tlio
parcntu with the rout of society,
Tho marring* rontraot opoclfloally
80(8 forth Hint tlio lunrrlago almll
not bo a bond giving oithpr any control over in*.. ]K.-it>(.«._.um oi Ujo omur,
that It shall net bo a hnr to other
marriage should thin provo unfruitful, that tho tie shnll tormlnnto Blm-
ultanooiisly with the donth of lovo on
either sldo, and that neithor shnll
hnv»» .ho rlfihf to ivntrnln tho other
should, ho or hIio boo fit to Incur
othor jmrnnliil roHpAnRlhlHty,
tt prorJdfja that slnco nt prosont
the state provides no Incomo for
mothers snd children, that It shall bo
' Wodcilra tocnll llio attention of Ml thoso
nUt-Liil wall miv Blood or Skin DUomtto
our Now Molhod Tr• *-m_n. m* n i.iiimuiicod
euro (or .limo cunipmlntH, Tli.ro in no <ix-
euta for nny porouii Imvlnpr a (lUllnuroil race
from oriiptiowi nnd lilotdlion, tin mnttor
wliotlior liurnlliiiry cr noqulroil, onr niiooKlo
roinu*llon nml trcnimont noiitriiliiii nil po|.
noimliulioWooil ami exp.l th»m from tlia
nyHtam, Oiirvnot exporlonc_i In tlio trent-
mont at tlmuiainU ot tlia matt mTlnnn ami
aomplloAtoil canon oimblpi ui toiinrfaet a
euro M'Ulionta:>'P«rlincnllnfr. Wedo mitlnns
nn tlio pMii-P«y Onlr for, Ihe n«n«flt You
Darlve, K you linvo any blood dWoiino, oon-
null im Froo of Ch«r«« nnd ot ui provo to
ynnliowntilukly our romiNlM will mnove
till ovl-]_.ti<:cH nr«]fBoara, Uiulartlmlnfliionca
of tho Now Molhod Trotlmon. Uio hUln I*,
conies olenr, iiIimji'h, plmplca (unl.liloiclioi
licnl tip, onlarftod Rlnmli nm. roilndul, railen
out Imlr (.rows in nunln, tlio eyon becoiyio
i^iiijll, «,litiMi.VU 1.11.1 t.H ,£-)    tl.',    *.*..l   l.,W
ylotlmreallMiaiiev. Ilf_ lias oivonud up to
8on<I for Dooldot on DI._mo_ nf Mon
If umUa to call, wrlto for # Qu...Ion LM
for Homo Tro*bU«nt
Cor. Michigan Ave. and Orlswold St,   Detroit, Mlcta.
i M flT 11* IT     ^l letters from Canada tntut be nddresnd
imilWIi   ' to our Canadian Correipondenco Depart*
_   . _       ■s_______BBB__MHBM    xucutJu Wiu_laor,,Out,   If you dcalrc lo
see us personally c*U at onr Medical luntltute in Detroit as we see and treat
M'poUMts In our1 Windsor office* which are for Correijwidenee and
Laboratory tot Canadian bntloeu only.  Address all letters as follows t
DM. KENNEDY ft KENNEDY, Windsor, Oat
n  ff
•=,«   i :.-,. •" -""' *•-
« ' -  7
. «-
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Deafness GannotJBe; Cured
bj" local applications; as they cannot * resell" the
diseased portion-of tbe ear.. There ia ouly one
way to cure deafness, and that is by constitutional remedies. Deafness, is' caused bj'; aa inflamed
condition of tbe mucous lining of the Eustachian
■Tube,-'When this; tube ls inflamed you have a
rumbling sound-pr imperfect hearing, and when
it is entirely.closed Deafness is the, result, and
unless the .inflammation can be taken-out and
this tube- restored to Its normal condition, hearing will be destroyed forever: nine casfs out of
ten'ar? caused by Catarrh, which is nothing,but
an inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One, Hundred Dollars for any case
of Deafness (caused'bycatarrb) that cannot be
cured by Hall's Catarrh.Cure.   Send for .circulars, "free. -,- '
F. J. CTIENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
Sold by Druggists, 75c * ,
7 Take. Hall's FVimlfr Pills for consUpatlon."
r*' "■
. p -
.. -You're always welcome here
yy. _.: 1 ._L_—
. Clean Rooms,. Best of
v"   Food, and every
, attention- 'y   ^
THOS. DUNCAN ,, Passburg'
One of the
■ *
..."Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, .Groceries, Boots and Shoes
. Gents' Furnishings'
C. J. ECKSTORM       Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.,
'..•'.■ - DEL CARBONE
****************:****'** ick* *
f y*
I N G Ek rV\ I
e w'j.-n-,g; '*
A_yent   Fernie
-  \
Pellatt    Ave.    North
* - IT
,*    • , *
US i
L. E. McDonald
andr; ■' ;j i
Express and  delivery Wagon* a
' • 7" ■ Special!*^, ^
f, J. Cole
Or. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French regulator; nover fnlls,' These
pills nre exceedingly powerful tn regulating the
generative ]>ortion of thn fomnlo system. Refuse
nJI cheap imitations, Ur, do V»n'» are sold nt
_fi n box, or throe for 310. Mailed to nny nddi'csa.
TUfi Soobell Drag Co., St. OatUarlntii, Ont.
iBair Dressing
\   Pool
.Cigars -
Bowling Alley
Drop In
Meals tliat taste like
motl.otMiHo.l to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos, Grafton,  Proprietor.
Liquor Go.
Wholesale .Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
Iii 03
7(1 It
,    3120
IJimkliond ......... F, YVhentloy, nanlthond, AHn,
Tlenver  Pre Mr     '      1.   Kr»r^( Per,;:' C^l, \\u _i_.__.v_
l-pllfivno t  J. T.nrl.1., .lellovne, Fvnnl., Mln.
Ulnlrmoro  W. •)_. TOvantt, Llllo, Altn.
liuritiU i. .1. Mandrill, PaBBhurt., Alta.
Cmboiulnlo  J. Mltoholl, dafbondalo, (.olnnuin, Altn,
Canmoro ..... N. D. Thaclinlc, Cnnmoro, Altn.
rAlonion .  W. Prnh?w, Cc^rr.sr., Alts.
Corbin     W. Dalllng, Corbln, B,C, |,
Chinook MlnoB .... J. 8nntonl,   Chinook Mlnos, Altn. t
Dlnmond City Albert Znk, Diamond City, LothbrldffO.
Fornlo  Thos. Uphill, Pernio, 13. U,
Frank Jas, Kon nody, Frank, AHa.
.IloHmor  W, Daldontono, Hoiimor, H. C.
Hillorost    Uoorgo Bamborouub, Hlllcrost, Alta,
T-«thbrldB(».  U Mooro,   804, BlvtoonthBt., North 1«thbrldRO,
liOthbrldEo Colllorlos Frank l_f.rlni.ham, ecc, via., Klpp, Altn,
Llll* W, I-. Hvans, Mile, Frank, AUa
M»plo L<»f  J. Mngdall, PAiaburf, AUa,
Michel..,  M, liurrell, Mlohol, li, 0,
Paaaburg ,  A. Zuakax,   Paiaburff, Alta.
JloyalView .,,.... Goo, Jordan, Royal Colllorloi, Lothbridgo, Alta.
Tnb«r  A. Pattwwn, Tabor, Alta.
Tabor............. Wm. Forsyth, Tabor; Alta.
Kel 1910, i minatori .«rstrassero .dal
sottosuolo una .massa di. 1140 milioni
di tonnellate di carbone, cic,o'.1140 mi-
lia'rdi di- chilogrammi. La -maggior,
parte di questa produzione.7colossale
venne consumata dalla locomozione e
dall" industria." Dove' niagglbre e il
consumo del carbone magglore e l'atti-
vita delle industrie. Non basta che un
paese sia ricco di giacimenti di carbone ma e necessario perche questo
paese'prosperi," die questi giacimenti
non restino insfruttati. La Clna,'per
esempio, nella provincia Schansi pos-
slede dei giacimenti di carbone, ch«
coprono 350,000 chilometri qua"drati;
essa,.nonostante questi giacimenti, ap-
punto perche non li sfruita, e rimasta
alia retroguardia della nioderria civil-
ta industriale. „A1 rcoijj.rario d«lla
Clna l'lnghilterra sfrutta 1 suoi giacimenti modo mereviglioso. l'lnghilterra
non ha die 93,700 kl. quadrati di mi-
mlere ejjuro deve a,queste miniere la
sua supremazia-nei commerci e nelle
industrie. Anche la Germania non
possiede in confronto alia Cina che
una. miseria di sottos nolo carboni-
fero. la Germaina ha appena 20 mila
chilometri quadrati di miniere di carbone; ma'poiche essa sfrutta questi
giacimenti con Intensa attivlta, e arri-
vata ad occupare nelle industrie'' uno
dei primi posti. <■
Germainia e Inghilterra
In. Germania la Westfalia, con "una
superfice da'100 a 1250 chilometri .quadrati, produce 00 milioni di tonnellate
di carbone all'anno. • La0 produzione
totale della" Germaina nel 1910^fu'di
221.9S6.37G tonnellate;' nei IDll'fu di
160,152,272 tonnellate' di carbon fossile
di "lignite. Con. una parte di questo
carbone noll'anno 1910 si lirodxissero
] 4,793,325 tonnellate di ferro greggio e
13'milioni di.tonnellate di acciaio, di
cui 4,S6S,3S5 tonnellate furono' espov-
tate aU'esterri.' La Germania1 esporto
nel medesimo anno' tonnellate 28.2S3,-
219 di, carbone, e coks; nel 1911 Pes-
portazione sali a 32 milioni di tonnellate.  • .        . ■   . •
Una posizione favorevolissima    nel
mercato del \carbone l'occupa la Gra
Bretagna.     Essa non deve questa sua
posizione solamentc all'esteiisione delle .sue miniere, ma anche alia topo-
grafia favo'revolissima delle sue miniere;   la   posizione  delle  miniere   in-'
glesi e.tale da permettere il trasporto,
del carbone in tutte le parti del Regno
TJnito" e oltre mare a prezzi mitissimi.
Nbnostante- tutte  le vicende,  il  car-
una-prova se ne-ha-nelle-superioriia
di prezzo del carbone. inglese, per la
nayigazione su quello t'edesco.     Con-
seguenza di questa. superiorita quali-'
ficativa e il fatto .che-.l'esportazione
del carbone: inglese tocca cifre altis-
sime.     Nell'anno 1910 l'csportazione
del carbone fossile inglese ammonto a
65,694,264 tonnellate per un valoro' dl
lire   storline   37,129,978.     Nello'anno
1909 l'lnghilterra produsse tonilellate
163,774,822 di carbone;' nel. 1910,1a produzione sali a, 264,505,207 tonnellate,
nel 1911 la produzione fu di 277,878,-
924 tonnellate,    La, contea dl Durham
produsse 41,718,916 tonnellate, quella
di Yorkshire produsse 39,135,418 ton-
nollato, quella di Glamorgan nel paese'
di Galles produsso tonnellate 33,463,-
974, .11 Lancashire produsse 23,674,634
tonnellate, la Scozla 41,718,11103 e la
Irlanda 84,564 tonnellate.    VI sono In-
oltro giacimenti dl carbone nella Gran
Brotagiia, nel Midland, nol Gnlles merl-
dlonalo, nol Northumberland, nel Cumberland e nella costa deH'ovosto fra il
Firth of Forth o 11 Clyde.
Gll Stati. Unltl
La phi grande produzlono del. car-
bono l'liaiiiio gli Stati Uniti dl America,     Nel  1885'In  produziono totalo
degli Stati Uniti ora dl 100,843 tonnel-
Inlo; nol 1910 ossn o'millta a 441.017.-
07o tonnollnto, dl cui un (liilnto dl nn-
trncllo,     fl valpro dl qucata produzione colossnlo o dl 628,102,22S dollarl.
Nel 1911, causa lo condlzloul dol mor-
cato, In produzione snbl una dluitiiii-
zlono   dol ■ duo   pnr   conlo,    La plu
Rranrtn nilnlora _lrf.ll Stiiil Unltl ronv
Inclu nlln pnrto nvoal dolla ratona dl
Alleghany o  prni-ORUP  altravorfio  la
PoniiHylvanln,' I'Olilo,  la  Virginia,  II
Kontuoky,  II  Tchuohbo o l'Aliibiuiin,
Lo Hlalo dl PoiiiiHylviinla nol uno pro-
(lusiio da HOln 130 millonl di lonnolltitn
dl rnrhono o 72 inlllonl dl .iiulm.elto,
Lo minloro (IoII'ohI n doH'ovost dolla
Vlrjilnhi dlodorn ."X millonl dl tonuol-
Intr. dl carhoiio.
II Canada, con lo nun minloro delln
Nuova Scoxla u ildla hiiii llraiiHchwolu,
prodiiRHo uol 1910 liiHlonie con In Cnl.
limhln nrliannlcii o 1'Alborta l.'l.Oll.L'flO
loimwilhito dl carbuiie I'uhhIIo,
La Produzione Totale
Ln produzlouo totnln dol mondo e
roglntrntn nolln noguonto t.tntlHllrniIn
tonncHiilc dl niilll ohllofirnmml;
Proiluzlt-in! totnki
La- greve des garcons  d'hotels  de
Boston ordonnee    par /l'organisateur
Blochlinger pour. aideiVla'greve des
garcons de table a amene des. revelations sensationneles faites par Bertha
Halloran, une .fille de chambre. d'un
des hoteJs de la ville. - Celle-ci a af-
firme que toutes es filles de chambre
sorit tenues de travailler 80 heiires
par semaine, elle-meme a fourni un
travail constant d'flu moins STVs
heures par semaine pour un salaire de
$15 per- mois. Cette declaration a
ete faite.egalement par des filles polonaises et slaves „qui ont affirme qu'
elles travaillaieut de. 80 a 90 heures
par semaine dans un Etat ou Ia loi defend de faire travailler les femmes
plus.de 54 heures.
De plus elles ont ajoute qu'elles de-
vaint coucher au moins' deux par lit
et pas moins de cinq par chambre et
ces chambres destinees a ces malheu-
reuses cont sous les loits. mal eclaire-
es, mal aerees, ouce qui est pis encore, ces chambres sont situeos sous
le niveau dela rue, co qui les rend
humldes et, malsnines.
- Naturellemcnt touB les proprieta ires
et gerants d'hotels font tous leurs efforts pour dementir ces faits mais.ils
n'y reussiront certainement pas. .
So les esclaves salariees des""hotels,
etaient. syndiquees, il y a longtemps
qu'elles auraient pu"mettre fin a leur
abominable exploitation et revendi-
quer la limitation'de-leur jouniee de
travail, et en forcant leurs exploiteurs
ehontes.a-'les considerer'comme des
etres humains et non comme des for-
cats;,0'encore ceux-cl sont'ils mieux
;traites.        ,- .-\
- (I1 est temps que.lo proletariat fem-
inin entre* resolument en lice, fassc
foln des prejuges sociaux qui annihi-
lent sa volonte et son cnergie et vien-
ne .dema'nder' auv parti socialiste Ai
lui_ app_end.ro-a_ s'organiscr. ■ .
I3es examples comme celui-ci sont
bien faits pour prouver aux trnvailleus-
es qu'elles "doivent sans-tarder devenir
des combatives, qu'elles dolvent saps
tarder travailler a leur afi'ranchisse-
ment. " -
Eu a van., travailleuses. Jlontrez que
vous etes des femmes conscientes.
d'oeuvres de bienfaisance.-
Malheureusement, il n'y a pas de
fete sans lendemaln; le'centenaire, qui
en avait ete urie pour les ouvriers, et
employes, des usines Krupp, ne devait
pas faire exception a la regie geiierale.'
Elle laissa aux ouvriers des fameuses.
acieries d'Essen un arriere-goul bien
desagreable. Les' details qui suivent
sont - emprun .es a notre confere ber-
linois le Vorwaerts:
Des le' lendemain de ces jours' de
fete, les, salaires furent rogues dans
quelques sections. Un peu plus tard,
le jour de la paie qui suivit la visite
de 1'erapereur, un. millier d'ouvriers
employes a, la chaudronnerie firent la
triste decouverte qu'on leur avait re-
tranche trois mark, a chacun sur le
.salaire qui leur reveuait. Bien plus,
ils apprirent que dorenavant leur fer-
ait la meme deduction. Ceci fait ap-
nuellement au moins 78,000 marks au
profit, de la maison Krupp: c'est-a-dlre
beaucoup plus que les ouvriers n'ont
recu au cours des fetes du Centnaire.
D'autres ouvriers furent prlves«des
heures' supplementaires qu'ils faisai-
ent d'habitude. Ceci ajoute lo Wor-
waerts, serait fort loudable, s'lls aval-
ent recu une compensation en
echange: mais comme ils ne parvenai-
ent a boucler les deux bouts deleur
budget qu'en faisant ainsi des heures
supplementaires, on voit que, pour eux
aussi, le Centenaire Krupp a ete une
sir/prise desagreable, car ils n'ont
recu aucune augmentation et ils ont
etc prives d'une.source de gain.
A la fonderie de la mine Martin VI.,
c'est encore pirc. Les ouvriers qui
ont ete payes n'out.'recu le salaire que
de onze jours an lieu de douze, bien
qu'on leur ait declare que la maison,
Krupp Jeur paierait ia journee de re-
pos qu'ils eurent. a l'occasion de la
visite de l'empereur. * Ici encore, par
consequent) on a retranche a chaque
ouvrler une somme variant entre 3 et
10 marksy
]_q mecontentoment est enormc;
aussi les ouvriers metallurgistes de la
maison Frederic Krupp, societe. annoy-
me, ont-ils pris une resolution protes-
tant energiquement contre les reductions de salaires ot de travail qu'ils
ont subies'avant et apres le-centen-
aire.      , '
Socialists Will
Establish Schools
Party In Germany Organize College on
Military Lines—Only Workers are
Eligible for Membership
.Le, roi .du petrole Rockefeller?' par
un juste retour des choses vient.d'
etre joue'pa'r d'ingenieux exploiteurs.
II avait achete 5,000 acres de, terrain
a Pocantico Hills; bientot il s'apercut
England   in   the Midst   of
Changes, Says M, P
que-g^aTr6U"velle~propn"ete etait infestee
de serpents et avisa de suite au moyen
de se debarrasser de cet "gent".reptile.
Po'uivce, il fit publier, qu'il donnerait
25 sous pour chaque peau de serpent
qu'on lui app'orterait. On devine que
les chaisseurs. furent'-nombroux; quelques uns gagnerent tant d'argent que1*
la JIain Noire s'en apercut et exigea
d'eux le versement d'un impot. Rock-
feller depensa pour cetto chasse des
milliers de dollars.
Pourtant la, chasse dut prendre" fin
faute'de gililor. Les, chasseurs, ne
pouvant se resigner.a. abandonner un
gain sl facile, trouverent, l'lngenleuse
Idee d'en falre l'elevago, do sorte que
peu do temps apres, les peaux de
serpents affluoront de nouveau a la
residence du mlllinrdnire; mals lc sui"*
intendant du domnine soupconnn quo
cetto plethoro serpent lho avait quel-
quo.choso d'nnormnl et Be nilt a en-
quetor pour decouvrlr la t verllo, co
qui aboutlt a la suppronslon do la
])rlmo, ot Rockefeller atlachn u son
domalno des employes ayant pour mission do tnor Ion sei'iients.
II paralt quo los aorponts etaient
olevos on sl grand nombre ot, so nuiltl-
pllalont. avoc uno sl grande rapldlto
quo les rovoniiH do roi du potrolo auraient a ponlo sull'l a payor lours
- EDMONTON, Sept 2S—"England is
in the midst of^a. revolution," declared Francis-' Neilspn, member of the
House of .Commons for' the Hyde dN
"vis_on—of,~CKesl)Ire andyresident of
the English league for the .Taxation
of Land Values, in an interview here
today.      "But,"-, he    added, quickly,
"there; will be nb cannon, no musket,
no swords.   There will just be a ballot
box; nothing more'is needed."
' "Tho classes have had a .long innings," Mi. Neilson    said, , "but    the
schoolmaster has been    abroad    and
the younger artisans an'd "'mechanics
are reading .their   country's'  history
and turning their, attention.=.-to.--tho
study of economics,
' "Democracy Is soon to have a large-
er and fuller voice in the affairs of
the English nation by the abolition of
the plural voting system and by making) lt ns easy for a man toget on
the register as a voter as It is to get
on to tho rate book,   Wo are also, I
hopo, going to reform our electoral
syEtem on a basis of adult suffrage
for mon aiid women., ■
"In view of those things 11 Is no
wonder the Con&orvn.lveR nnd repre-
fipiuatlves of tho privileged <.1iihboh,
,', ho pass through Cannda and wall
about tlio decadence of England, think
tlii.f (heir world .3 Mini in >r to an ond,
That. It should end Is lho aim and pur-
l'O1-') of the democratic jnrly In England "
By Karl H. Von Wiegand.
BERLIN; Sept. 30.—Plans are being
made for the reopening of the "College of Socialism" the first of October,
by the German Social-Democratic par-
The German Socialists maintain a
"Higli School for Socialism" in Berlin
for the purpose of educating "workers" and "propagandists'* " for the
"cause," who in turn teach tho masses
the principles of„Social!sm. The German Socialist party is organised on
military lines. Its propagandists and
speakers are "captains" and "'lieutenants" of the "vorstand" or "executive
board," which in fact- is the "gen«.ral
staff." Mere agitation,, is' regarded
more or less dangerous tb the cause if
the converts are not- taught the value
of discipline and- obedience. ■
Accordingly,"in 1906 it was-decided
to establish a. "party school," and
much of the "red'wave" in tho elections last January, when 110 Social '"its
were swept into tho Reichstag, wns
due to the "workers" turned out bv
this school. Oijly "workers." that is.
persons who aro defined as "actually
working at some trade or profession"
are accepted as students. One-thlid
of them are to be women.
-Students in this Socialistic training
school are relieved from all material
cares and are fed at the expense of the
party. For this purpose' each, student
receives 150,marks a month or $37.50
while attending school, which suffices
for board and room and incidental expenses. The course covers six months.
The attendance is limited 'to 30 students. This js dono that there may liar much "individual teaching" as possible. ^All parts of Germany are equally represented.      - '
The school opened November 15th,
1006. August Bebel delivered the inaugural ^address. AVIth the exception
of one winter, there have been regular sessions. The" police threatened
to, close the school because two of the
teachers, Rudolf Hilferding,. an'Austrian, who taught Marx's philosophy,
and Herr Pannekock, a Hollander,
were foreigners. v- They resigned from
the faculty. " ''-_'.
Franz. Mehring, probably the greatest of modern Socialist writers in
Germany, has the-chair of the history
important studies in the curriculum is
the practical study of the law. Great
stress is laid upon this in order that
the coming Socialistic , leaders may
know what they9 can and can not do
within the law.
' Rosa Luxumburg, the leader of the
extreme radical wing of the German
Socialists,, has the chair of political
economy. She iB.a Russian and became Gorman by marriage in order not
to be expelled from the country lor
her activities. Although crippHd. she'
5j a v.oman of abi_ityl a fluent spo^er
aiH'has a remarkable sway over "tier-
foHov-ers. She !hs been e!i-_r.icici_z-
ed ai limes as the re-il ••'red leader" of
tlvj German Socialists.
I i.tor and capi'.al, labor letislalion,
political history,   co-operation,   newspaper technique, the value o° organization, and several other subjects aie
taught. ' ,.
Numerous applications   frtfm   other
countries have been received, and! it is ■
said the school may be enlarged tins
Mikado to Look After th« Animals   .
Which Drew the Funeral
, TOKIO, Oct. 1.—Pensions have beer-
provided   from  the  Mikado's' private
purse for the oxen which drew the bur-
la! car at the"late Mikado's funeral.
With a. special attendant each, tho oxen will spend the remainder of their
lives in  luxury  in  tin.   imperial pastures.    The old cuslom of giving them
the junior fifth grade of court rank
was disregarded.
The Retail Clerks' ' Association,
Springfield, Ohio, has secured a uniform 13-hour workday, excepting Sat-"
An eminent scientist, the _._._* uay,
gave his opinion that tin jno_. "wonderful discovery of recent y*art. > was
MIR; discovery of Zam-i_.m._ Jut*
think! As soon ns a single thin layer
ot Zam-Buk Is applied to a wound or
a sore, such injury is insured against •
blood poison! Not one species of
microbe has been found that Zam-Buk
does not kill!
"Then again. As soon as Zam-Buk
is applied to a sore, or a cut, or lo
skin disease, it stops the smarting.
That is why children aro such friends
of Zam-Buk, They care nothing for
the science of the thing. All they
know is that Zam-Buk stops their
pain. Mothers should never forget '
this. '    )
Again. As soon as Zam-Buk- is applied to a wound or to a diseased
part, the cells ibencath the skin's surface are so stimulated tbat new
healthy tissue is quickly formed, Thia
forming of fresh liealthy tissue from
below is Zam-Buk's secret of healing. ,
The tissue thus formed is worked up
to the surface and literally casts off
the diseased tissue above it. This is '
why Zam-Buk cures are permanent.
Only the other day Mr. Marsh, of 7
101 Deloriinier Ave., Montreal, called
upon tho Zam-Buk Company and told,
ttem*iJiat'ifor""6yef~twent"y^flve years
he had been a martyr to eczema.   His
hands were''at one time so covered
with sores that, he had to' sleep In
gloves.   Four years ago Zam-Buk waa
Introduced, to  lilni,   aad  is "r.  few
months lt cured him.' To-daj*—over,
three years after his cure of a disease
he liad  for- twenty-five years—he la
still cured, and has (had no trace of
any return of the eczema!'        '
All druggists sell Zam-Buk at 50c
box, or -we will send free trial,box If
you send this advertisement and a lc
stamp (to pay roturn postage). Ad*
dress Zam-Buk Co., Toronto,
Elle Ropend a sen Ouvrloro    les
Millions qu'olle leur n donnes
Interfered When One of Their Number
Acccpta Challenge
lio suro to guard Against tlio ills of August
weather.   They come frequently witli change
of food, air and drinking water, causing dread
. summer complaint.
Dr. Fowler's Wild Strawberry
Is a veritable life wvov. Relieves eolie pains,
stops diarrhoea and quiets abdominal pains,
A  popular and effective   remedy.
35 cents the bottle
Bleasdell's Drug Store
On nc noii.lpnt que la illusion Krupp
fit annoiifcr "nrhl ol. orbl" qu'u I'nr-
(.'fiFtloit do non cciitcnalro elle con-
Haoralt mir- nomine do It 'millions do
murk a (Ioh bulw do hlnnfniuiiiife, Ce
.uUin crl d'lulnilnillon duns le iiumdo
onl ler, enr JliHqu'fi prnnont les cndeiiiix
dn .|.!i__oi7,o nilllloiiH do murk, solt pirn,
do nix-Hupt. .nillll'iiiH do I'ri.noH, mini
plnlol niroH, meme q.inud    II    ti'i-Klt
U'-l l..._JIU    	
Itnllri ,.
Cnnndn        1_I,.IU,2H0
anno 11)10,
,, ___.'i,i_))ti,;i7'i
,,   io (,i.UiJ_.iJi
., .._i1:,,n1..-r.
.. :!S,r.7<U7.)
., 2I,573_-I0:i
.', ail.lST.S.IO
min Hiirohl.t! dl 71 _.',:!I_yII modi cubl,
Lu plu grande plnimldo oslzlanit hn
una ultczzu Oi HIT mutrl u nu .oluuui
dl clrcn 2,010,000; 11 carbono PBtrntlo
nol HMO H.trebbo Htulo mifflcleiite nlln
oi.'Klono dl ^70 dl lull plrnmldl.
IMI   .1(1
Stntl Unltl d'A,
Nuova Zolnnda
find Ari'Ich .,.
Clna       H,r.tiJ,WJ0
India     12,0'J2.41*1
(llnppono    14.7SU.208
Altro contrado .,,.,     8,710,11*10
Tutto II mondo inalcme,. 1,139.5.<»,M"
Prondcndo per bntm im imnc n<yrri.
fico Jiclla produilono del carbone dl
l.fl In proiluslona totalo del mondo md
I'AUIS,  Oet.   I.—A  eurloiiH coillllel |
hciwcon tho p-i-II'lo lilciila or SuelalUm j
und the dii-HlKi'is tude 01' huuor Iuih
taken plni'o ut'SI, n.nlK,     A militant
Hot'IitllHt niiined IV'Hcoiiy liiHUllnd Iho
dfietora of llio town l-ceiiuwi thoy dlH-
lilnycd u certiiln uhwIIIIiihih hh to iik-|
hIhi  tlm .Sodnllf.1   Munlelpnl  ('niinrll.
A doctor iiainod Wolf clmllini>.ed hlin
lo 11 thiol and ho iieceiiled,     Much iIIh-
liirhnd,  tho Hoclallnl   iieclloii  of  Ihe
lown   held   11   meeting  und   ullur   a
I'.tnrniy (llHr-i!«s|oi> jiu^hi d ,1 icholutlon
I'orblddlni. M, IleHcony to vJh1( IiIh lll'e
on Ihe field of honor.    M. Do'i-ouy iu-
nored Ihclr kind Intent Ion h, but when
ho ni.'l out to nK-iiHiii'ti nwnrilH with hlw
tuheriiiiry he found no Ickh thnn  25 j"
Ht-ilwnrt Kol'IuIIhIu ready   to   "prove1
l tholr doctrlno orthodox by HoelallHtlc |
ha  I'cnile HiiccurHulo    dolla    Tnei1'1"*" "«(l knockH." and prevent Iitm |
Cunarilnn TtnnU nf (.omm.ff.   n ,.,.r,.,tJ^m-e  eitrlnneorlno-  .,•»  m-»   ,.vi-i,	
nd omntloro Hpnrlnll Vnalla dnl Unnro''1',''°''n ,I,|H «H«l'li>v of force the' wi.v. 1
di Nupoll I rpmli hoiio oarnntltl dal oo-l"!"1 Hoi-IhIIhi Hiirren.Iwd, and the duel j
vorno Itallano e von0ono pagatl a qua- |W"H atijoiirm-tl •'hIiiu die," |
Ifilnr.l ufflclo poitale 0 alio principal! 1 "    —————— j
hanclm d'ltalia, li<>1T 'll.o«-l»<*r, heml of tlm Cmilnnnl j
I VaRlla «ono <whhI dtelrn rlrhleiti •(!«>v«-rnm.-nt of HnnM. Swltv.-rhun.   «<■
_.f.i:_.i rllnrdo 0 fOHllliilarono il inozzo!" ««*Jr*!!*.!.     The Knlacr .U't»d tlmt |
plu Jleuro per ipodlro II dnnnro Irhta-' i1'1"'" °» Soptombor .trd.     At   tirM [
Hr. polch'.i  veiiKono ndoporatl  lawi- !'*«mrnilo »lo"1»or waolvuil to official-;
tirnnio por (juoato hcopo dai.ll oiiil- lv wp,,t)»10 tlio (ionium Kul»cr, who
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
m wm      TUP"
U   M 1 1 iL
win*  cnmlnif  to  Inapoct  the  nntiimn
mlliiary mniiooiivore«, hut IiIh fellow
Pa,( l.il'. IU, li>   wliOM. \.)lt' tin   ..Iin I'll-Cl-
Ktuiitl Itullniil In tutto II mondo,1 Par-
tlcnlari plu dottaRllatl olrcn I auddottl
Vault.. voiiKono dull diilli. 1-Vrnlo anc
curiJiilo della Tlio Canadian Flank of | °'!* 1'rotonted. and Itlorher wna ahaent
Cuiuiuuii^ u du tptttUlani conallo Italiano,
A  (.I'pfisit <>l' one (l«i!llir will open n S;ivilltfs Aeeuiilii   Wit ll 1110
llnlllt. liltllli.      'ilie nciDllllt  IIHIV hi.' Ulllleil  to, IVtllll lime lo lijue, hy
Electric Restorer for Men
I'.om  lho Cuituii oil ihni  dale.   The 1 I'lll'lln-r <le|n»iiil-« ol iniinuiMM ol nui' ilnlliir niu\ H|iWiir<N, ittlil TilII eonv
ri'iil. iwul filfl of tho Boclalldt* coiitrol j , . „       ,     ... . ., , ,   . .        •    •    »       ..      t    ,
their elected official..    Th* man wl.,.. \wmA ln*«'r<"', ",]] h" «M,"K °r ",!,,'",, l" !»«■• ■"-■I-«»- «« r.Mjuire.I.
refH n »wel|nd head anions; thc flodul-'
\M and trle» to run IhlnR* accordliiK ' Head '  7^ D n 7VT X_H    Bt,inlhn *nd cwwteticM
lUit-_.|__.u.V C*iv_ul__
E^fl!_!____^;?!nf.^ «»"-»«»•-•°«« *»» '• n«"fwy m»--" office
vim unit vttalMv   Piwrmrniwifwiiy otvf afti.u'^l , to l_c '.!'.(_ UUrU. .tlunultd tu .U: i.-,»... V,I,*-V
wikwM ivrriw* ni tmrt.
ii.kfl jovi inwmin,  I'flft lltb-it.n, fr
fl    Vi||p».T tl-ini-1 Mr.        Tf-    '"
_„ .M.. .'irUsi'in. , •.>,..
.„. ..,_iii»- f .
hofliou* \\tit\if
or to;olly rojected
from   the   rooici
J, T, Macdonaid, Manager, Fertile. PAGE EIGHT
-, «r «..-".-.
-   ...;*
''..' '.''--', ;W_K »•■■-.. r-i.     ^
. ' •.%_-„     j:   --. =?     "^
<f.*.-,-!"-',v»   -..;.., "> ""'
-.-'',.- -■----iv- y* -'.v-'. ,     .. ■" -   .--     ;','<! 'j« ■ t . .;1;\v -..-_-, '-•-•..
- i\ ,r---~x*.-,    , ,   ' ->,_.', *-' -' .$■■'•,. -> . >> y- - ."-.
■ '•",. -:,. ••' ■\'yt ■hiy^yyy7y-'777.
.' i-_v ....■-.
•    i^.v J   •
'y\.s '7-yy"' •'* "   '?"'•"' ~7S 7 *y-7* - _,. y y.777 --*yyy ■-,'...-•. ■■-•-
,-,"-".    >"  ''V -""-'?" ';■••--o '''»•■ •-. >'  '■■ '   --.%'-.,   .- ".'. --";.„[ '-\.7l -'"■-. v        *■_■"•;    '•'■'.•
■-;«? v  .- „-••'   -;-  '.. -  -;     ,   -, ^.v,";.v „ v?. *■ -       --J    - . ^'. '.• ;-x   •'•^^'  _.*-<•     -     •*'. -   *  -    *'-
..i   -.J-.-.      —■,   >    - -.f ..'    -..-"    ^-. ' ^, •'   _ i ,o'   ' *  .,-. - .1   > ,ik,f'.(,   -.     -'- .'"V1, '-'     -      f -' -;-.   ,-   '
' s.;_.-k.'i-'i''.-t'-",'''-
»•  'B--   v»
- .-"-.fr •.,'
'.- >*
i   ~rr<
Ladies' Wear
Corset Special
Value   Price
W:and li. V. D..Bias Filled $4.75.     $3.50
AV. and n. V. D. Bias Filled $3.75       $1.75
W. and B. P. D. Bias Filled $1.50       $1.00
The above are fi-st class goqds at extremely reasonable prices.
Hose Special
Regular -Vie. Cashmere Ilosc/'of good quality, at
25c. per pair.
Regular 35c. Cashmere Hose, of good qualiyiiiiiii
Ladies' Underwear
Travellers, Samples
Special prices on "Wooland Fleece Garments.     An
unusual opportunity.
New Arrivals
Fall and Winter Stock is being received daily
and we offer as a special Ladies' Lace and Embroidered Collars at prices ranging from 65c. up.
Ladies  Suits
i O  f
Strictly tailored. Up-to-date styles. Excellent
selections,    $15.00 to $25.00.
New .arriyals.     Full stock.     Prices .and Selections to meet all tastes and pocket books.
A'     '     '     *»
Correct ideas in Mens Wear will be found
in every section of our clothing and furnishing department. Note the new models
we are showing for Fall} 1912.
Men's Overcoats
Mens Cravenette
Raincoats and
Fall Overcoats
worth up to $18
will he sold Sat-
turday  only,   at
0' *
;     -''"-,•   -fy- -i-'.' * -   '■'     '.'.'''- '■*    '"''-'.' y f- -.
: ;'"'. ."■■y _.'■•.'j*    ,   " '7-* '-•   '"...'.'  .'' -.'''""■<   »} y •
Saturday   pTSpecidls
:'v'   •' '*"".' ", ''! •; In Our 7. '•.. ''"s yy- 77 7.- .
'''        •   ■   ' ' '   " ' .        "* '        ■/''."'.:•-<        ' .
Grocery Defiarimeut Xy
-15. Cases of Kootenay 'Craba'pples, 40c. .per""'," ',
' box   ............ /.. I-'. ,....'...'.'...'. /..:.. .'.$1.00
Fresh Pack Creamery Butter, 40c; per lb.
Quaker Oats, oe. per plcg. ...•...-..'.....'
1 *• ' *
Cieam of "Wheat. 2 pkg.' •...-..
This three-button style, is most popular, becaxise
quiet and correct. *
You will note that there are no extreme features
whatever' about this new 20th Century Brand.
Model. It is neat, quiet, correct and gentlemanly.
We show it in a variety of the newest and smartest
wears. Ready for service or tailored > to , your
special measure. , ,   '
A snappy style for Smart Dressers. Here's the
ideal model for the young fellow, who wants a snappy^ style and can carry it. Lapel's are long and
smartly fashioned; shoulders fairly-wide, and back
shapely. A trim, gingery style, with.that smart-"-
n'ess that young men appreciate. ,'20th Century
Brand, of course. '       ■ -     '   ■•
■_ 1      We are Sole Agents.
Canada First Condensed Milk, 2 tins ,   .25
Braid's Best„Frcsh'Ground Coffee, 2,tins 85
Robin Hood Flour, 49's, each, : $1.85
Sherriffs Grape Juice .qts. each  .' 50
'                               \   ■ "
Tuxedo1 Jelly Powder, 4 for     .25
Pcndrjr's Lye,.3 tins.
Queen Quality Pickles, 20 ,oz. , .25
-I     •     ■   , '     ,- .
SimcoPork and Beans, 3 tins .......... ...<.    .20
White Laundry Soap, 6 bars ,.......    .25
White Laundry Starch, 3 pkgs "..;.'...;'  .25
• -Pears' -Unscented Toilet. Soap, 2 for ........    125
Gold Standard Tea, 3 lb.,' .$1.00
Marafat Peas,  2. pkgs. , 25 ,
B. C.  Onions,  10 lb 25
White Swan Yeast," 6 for ■ ;.-    .25 •'
Tomatoes, 3 lb. tins, 2 for ....'.....' 35:
Crystal Lard, 3 lb. tins > '..   .65
Fish Finnan Haddie, per lb.- ..... 1..,.'...;.-.    ;15
■ ■.' '
• ' •-' \
The Harvest Thanksgiving services
In the Baptist Church on Sunday and
Monday last passed off very happily.
Contributions of«garden produce etc,
had beon most liberal and the Interior
of the church, adorned with fruits,
flowers and autumn loaves, presented
a truly beautiful appearance.
On Sunday evening tho church was
filled to overflowing, the service being of a musical character. A number of well-known harvest hymns were
sung, whllo special music was rendered by tho choir, double quartette, Mrs
D, M Thomson and MIhs Nolllo Woods,
Tho pastor gave a short addroaa from
tho wordH, "Afterwards—-Fruit,"
On Monday a social evening wns en-
Joyed by a goodly company; a varied
program was presented, Including aa
npproprlnto chalrmiuVB speech by Mr
Waller lla.nei.; violin solo, Mr,
Hrown; vocal duet, Mr and MIbb
Woods; solo, Mrs Thomson; soloc-
UouB by tho choir and male voice
party. MIhh DnnlclB gave a recitation which win luBllly encored. Mr.
Albert SirupKim in a Oo a Hplrlrcd
Hpnech on behalf of tlio Men's Hlhlo
ClftBB. Mra. WoHtby »pnh» In heroic
terniH concerning tho l.iidk's' Aid Society nnd ItH work, while tho church
treasurer, Mr. II, 1), Wilson, told a
liard luck atory tinged with much humor and pathoR, Uov IMmialck wiih
iiHkod to glvo an account of himself,
which ho did lo tlio satisfaction of all
proacnt, nflcr which tho main voice
party covered lltoiiiHclvos with glory
hy Hinging "Throo Hllnd Mlwi,"
Dainty r«'fivBhtncntB were; served by iho ladles and tho evening
roncluckd with a very nmuolng unction Bale nf the numoroim harvest
gifts hy Mr, H. Ilunnmnii, who proved
lilmself to ho an efficient and eiitor-
tnlnlw? Bnlosman,
A meeting of the members of the
Veterans' Brigade will be held in the
Reading Room of tho Miners' Hall on
Sunday, October 6th, at seven o'clock,
p.m. All members are requested to
be present.
Sir Geo. Askwlth, who Is Investigating labor conditions In this country, is expected to he in Fernie on
Monday noxt, when he will have a
mooting with,officers of District 18,
A fire broke out in the restricted
district on Saturndy afternoon. Flro
Chief MeDougal and Mr. L. E.' McDonald drovo out to tho scene and
managed to snvo tho adjoining ham
and shack, Tho premises wero Insured for $1,500.00, and tho damage
dono amounted to $050.00.
Tho Flro Hall had a call from
Tlox 20, on Thursday evening, and on
going lo the spot found thnt a good
intentioned Individual .who thought ho
aaw a blazo at Mr, .1, ,1, Morrison's
houso had pulled tho nlnrni. On Investigation It was found that thoro
was a flro In the grate, and thopiiBsor-
hy, Hceing iliQ-ro.lection on ilui window, thought tho house wnH on flro,
and did tho necoasary,
Jas. Haskllltand Thos. Meade, who
were sentenced to .three and, six
nionths respectively for assaulting a
man on the 'passenger; left, this morning for Nelson Jail.
Thero appear to be a number of
beggars In the city. Jos Denne, a
"blind" one had his eyes opened when
ho was glvon three months. He Is
somo scrapper too, as ho put up a good
fight with Chief Hnll and Constable
Amberman when arrested. Hugh
Wilson, Frank Morgan and Frank
Rogers,'all "sore or,,mined" ami men
wero given two, one and one montha'
respectively. Wm. Clarke got 30 days
for vagrancy, and throo months for
resisting arrest. John Calford was
arrested hy Constables Amberman and
carrying concealed weapon and was
Harrison in tho restricted district for
fined -fJfi.OO or two monthB,
SUSPENDED     FOR     10    DAYS—
I'. I.. N'liliiHnilth, manager of tho Nnturnl HoHotUToa Dopartintnil of the
C, P. ll, with hend'iuartorn at Calgary,
hut who Is at present roHldlug in Lothbridgo will shortly tako up his permanent rosldtMH'o In tho former city,
Who are tho Oood Tlmora? Como
to tho ProBhytorlan Churdh hnsoniont
Tuosday ovenlng, 8 o'clock and find
out. No speeches, but imiBle; no collection, only of Hmlh.s: no HtlffnesB,
bill simply n good timo. Yob, you
vim hi lug jour frluudH,' if they have
not forgotten how to laugh, Romombor the tlmo, tho placo nnd tho supper.
I'r.dlniliiii.y nollru.--Tliorc will ho
ii Hallowe'en Social In tlio Iluptlst
Church ou Thursday, October IllBt,
Klndlj' nolc tlio date.
Mary f.ortoeze, who  wiib sent off
#             f.       i i       Mt,    mi .,,1. .     n,!,. .
»•"        t
Mif f\\\h\ " 'n Vrincrmvi-i' l» now hncV
.here. Ft appear.. Unit thc girl eiirnp.
«d pnrly on Friday from the Bchool,
While returning from mans sho slipped
away from the ranks,    She wandered
#,....,•  in   Vr.»-iV V'lTU'fin. t.ii  -ind   .."m-  riu
the stre*.-t till dny without food and
van found thnt night on tho steps of
a homo, her pitiful crl.» attracting peoplo, They communicated with pollco
officer* nnd roturnod her to tho monas-
try. A wlro wan received from tho
■later nupcrior on Monday rending as
follow*: "I nm well and happy and
wlwh to remain at nclmol. I felt lemw
some at flrnt" All'* well thnt end*
A man by Uto namo of MoMlno
Sartor, died tn tho hoipltal thia morn-
ttiR nt ty|>ho._ fever. At the Mm* ot
jCo.ni. to pr«tii no further particular*
could bo obtained.
"The Havoc" ns preHimtod hy Mr.
Paul Qilmore and his nHHOciale players are hooked to appear at the Gram.
nti    M'_vtr.nO(1>>v     Octnbot-   Ifllll Tlto
ennti liM'ludeH two of the orlftlnnl New
York company, and the acenery as
iiboiI at tho HIJou Theatre, It ran in
New York for thirteen nioiilliit, Since
Its tour In Canada It lias mot with
rterld.'d mircnM, In mnnv towim ntand-
ing room being nl a premium.
The plot, and tho wny It is worked
out Is quite unique, nnd to follow It
one's oh-Hcxt attention Ih required for
It there l« nmplo opportunity for
tho interchange of many rlover speech-
on, mid Ui<-ht< (j|it>oftunlii<. n .ir_- Uiti'.K
taken full advantage of. Unlike, the
mujoritj' of plHy-tipwsidifcrt, huy.vv.ir,
thoa* Indulged In In "The Hnvoe" aro
not the Hnd th*t 1_ore. Wit. tar-
*a»m and philosophy arc cleverly
blended and tto result Is entirely
lit, UU_uot*.'_> _om.-*u^ U 4du._._vhl>'
balanced, and take the parts **»lRned
tr) them with ease.
Tin* whoronhoiits of Dontild I'liluani,
who disappeared, from Fornlo on July
it) last still remniiiH a mystery, and
IiIh nml hor, who Is here from Ken-
mure, North Dakota, seeking Information, is anxiously nwnlting news. The
boy Ih HI yearn of ago, fi ft. 5 Inches
in height, aloudcr, light blue oyos, and
dark brown hair. Chlof Minty hnB
been making enquiries, hut bo far
without any clue, Young Putnam was
slaying with his aunt, and wurkod at'
Pollock's Ltd, As tlioro Is no loimon
known for his disappearance, it Ib
thonaht It minhl hn a cause of lost
A special meeting of the Fire, Light
and Power Committee was held on'
Wednesday evening last, those present being Aid. Wallace and Brown,
with Mayor Bleasdell in the,, chair.
The object of tho meeting, was. to in-
vosllgate tho charges against Asst'.
Fire Chief Wilkes," by Fire Chief Mc
Dougnl, From tho evidence glvon
It appears that tho Fire Chlof waB
called away to a flro outside the city
limits, Mr. Wilkes, who waa at homo
at tlio time, was sent for to take
charge of tho Flro Hall, and thlB he
did. Just prior to this he waB notified hy Chief Minty thnt a man had
been killed on tho G."N. tracks," and
that he, Mr, WilkoB, as' a coroner,
Bhould go to tlio scone of tho accident.
Mr. WIIkOB waited for about 2 hours
at llio Hall, and when ho henrd that
tho Flro Chief was returning, and, In
fact, already within tho city limits ho,
In company with Mr. Jaa. Johnson,
loft for tho scat of trouble Mr, Mc-
Dougnl, on returning, found Mr.
Wilkes wbb not at tho hall, and as a
coiieeqiionco, by Instructions from tho
Mayor, suspended him. Mr. Wilkes,
lu his evidence, stated that ho left
two competent mon In ehargo, and
then only whon ho had roason to bollevo thut Mr. McDoiigal would ho
buck within two or throo minutes. His
tost Imony wnH not disputed, and tho
main contention wns thnt, at least,
technically, tho mloH of tho department had been Infrlngod, Aftor
somo ai'gumenl in whleh Alderman
Hrown .niRgoBt-.rt that five daya' bus-
pension would ho sufficient punishment, mul Alderman Wallaen stuck to
a ton days' suspension, tho fiialr-
man agreeing with Aid,-Wallace, ho
enst IiIh voto ncrordlnnly, and Mr,
Wlll<en wiih tniHi-ondnrt for that period.
Camp News
(Continued from page 5)
500,000 WORKERS
NI4W YORK. Kept. .10-At li! o'clock
tonight the new lilty-lour-'Jiour-woek
lahor law. which will affect nearly
half a million girls, women nnd boya
In New York, will go Into effect, Tho
law, which la an otitgiowth of tho agitation following tho Trinnglo Hhlrt-
'.-.itat Factory F(n\ .fiv.'"s! all fflrk
and women and boy* under 18. It
•t.tplUsit to f.__.u..__._, ,i Luury being
defined "a* any mill, workshop or
other manufacturing or huiineaa M-
tabllsbmenr where nnn or mon* per
aotia aro employed at lahor."
Two I'nffan So^fnffnt'i w.'nj arreif-
•d for hlMlng tho ..ertuan Kmptror at
Hwlaa army tnanotuvttrfis near Zurich.
fltnrtlup with Mondav the Tain will
Inaugurate n regulnr vaudnvlllo Horvlro
which promises to bo of exceedingly
good merit. Tho opening night, in
nddltlon to tlio pictured, Oakoa and
.VdiTUnn r-lnvor remertlnntt win rem,
and quick clmrigo artists, and Raymond, tho Juggler, reputed to bo a
clover artist will mako their nppoar-
ance. These nro attached to tho
Rdw, Fisher Vaudeville. Circuit and
tho acts rome direct from tho big
theatres \n ttynkane, picture* will
bo changed nightly, and vaudovlllo
twice n week. Monday* and Thura-
Hay*., Tho programme for toninht and
tomorrow, afternon and ovenlng, will
bo: "On the Warpath," a two-red 101
tltaon *, "Treasure Trovo," "Spanlih
Army In Morocco." 'Polldore ta looking for Undo" (comedy), "Coafln
Kafo'B Involution" (comedy).
The government are erecting a
brldgo across the Michel Creek. Tho
new brldgo Is to be a great Improvement on thc one now ln use.
Jas, Davoy got a nice two point
buck at Oleson Sunday last,
Bill Savage and Bert Davis aro out
hunting on Limo nnd Hwin Creeks.
Tlioro is on exhibition ln one of tho
windows In New. Michel a buffalo's
head which was shot by Mr. Otto
Moirs whilst out on a hunting trip
up tho Elk somo two weeks ago, This
Is tho first animal of that kind to be
shot up that part of tho country, and
according to Mr, Moirs thoy'ro aa
thick as bees. Somo people'say that
It'B tho head of the hull Smiillman
Mr, George Botidlnglon hnB takon
over tho hoarding houso Just vacated
by Mr. David nnindy.
Woro,you at tho Stampodo Monday
night In Now Mlchol? If not you
missed tho tlmo of your life,
Jan. Altoniai'o, who had somo of hla
Iocb taken off last Saturday hy having Ihem naught In tho cogs of tho
dViiin nt tho tlpplo Inst Saturday Is, bo
It la report od, likely to loso Ills foot.
Tbo Lodger of 8op.fln.bor 21 Bt wiib
received by Mlohel HtibRcrlborH on
October ,lrd. Ih this a mistake on
tlio part ol tho Ledger Btaff or Jimt
anothor oversight ou tho part of tho
Post Off|co7
((All Michel papuis lcavo thc ledger Offlco on Friday night ln tlmo
to catch tho pnBBongor train. Wroto
to the Poat Offlco liiBpoctor regarding
tho matter, on the 2flth September,
and ho Ih now having enquiry miido,—
foreign strikers -is expected.'- , . . ■
■ The Utah Copper,-Company imported twenty white laborers into the
camp 'yesterday bul no. attempt was
made to Interfere with them,
The miners have held numerous
meetings and are standing firm in
their demands. The operators aro as
oqually determined and the fourth
day of tho strike,shows nb prospects
of settlement. .-
LAFAYETTE,, Col.,Sopt. 21.— Five
hundrod shots wero fired on Monday
night. In a-pitched battle between
blackleg coal minors employed at the
Simpson mino and a band of mon,
unknown, who attacked tho stockade
ln which the former woro having a
danco. Geo, Mlchoff, one of tho nonunion moii', was Bhot threo times and
will probably die.
Wars will cease'jvhen the men who
c'duse them are forced to ,do the fighting.     In Washington, the other' day,
Senator   Cummins   made   a   country
o    y       • -
school-house-oration about was being
the final arbiter "over the . Panama
Canal if diplomacy fails between Great
Britain -and tho u,ilted States, , Somebody should give old man Cummins a
gun and send him to the front.. A'
few days under fire would tako the war-
squeal out of tli|s old man's tongue.—
Tho Ledge,
Classified Ads.—Genf a Word
Mr. F. DoRtnbollo wlBhoa to Inform
prospective students of tho violin that
ho Ib opon to rocolvo a fow moro pupil*.   Apply at tho IbIb Theatro.
. FOIl SALE—Woll bulU four-roomod
HoiiBO and lot, on Llnd»ay Avonuo,
Fornlo Annex; $-100, for torma. Apply, Lodger Offloo 7-flt
Von SALE—Lot 1.5 X 1152, with
Shack 11 x 28 on property. Ilentod
nt $7.0(1 a month. Prlco $325. Genu-
Ino bargain, Apply, Win, ..nrt,.n,
Singer Machine agont, City,
Tlioro will bo just such a rush for
Ozark fruit lands which nre being
'distributed this fall, as thore wiib to
Oklahoma-when lt was opened for Bet-
tlomont. Thoro Ib no bettor fruit district on earth, Yoii aro required to
havo your land planted In fruit trees
within threo yoara, An authorized
improvement company will do all Improving on tho installment plan, you
paying $10 a month,' While tho trees ,
aro Bmall, vogotablos will bo rnlsod
betwoon the rows,' and you aro guaranteed 8 per cent profit tho first year
and moro than that tho socond nnd
third year, For particulars address
tho Ozark Fruit and Land Co., Block
200,- Pittsburg, Pa. Tho company
will attend to your orchard for 1-fl tho
crop, Your 2-fl Bhould bring yon an
annual profit of $100 to $150 per aero.
TlilB Is Biiroly tho chance of a llfo-
tlmo.   (Advt.)
FOR BALE or to Ilont, OVj aciOM,
house and ham; ono mile from city,
Good bargalr.. Apply, by letter, .'
Ferguson, Fornlo, H. C, 7-4t
UTAH DTniKtrtn
Take  Up  Poiltlon*  Overlooking the
Mine* In Order to Keep
r,ff   if,   •{ . ,     , . i   ,    .
<v*.    g.. >_v^ _i.^^>..,4.
INGHAM. Utah, Supt, 2l.-~nun.or*
that a largo army of strike-breaker*
wa« being recruited In tho nearby
town* to take tho places of tho foreigner* who laid down their tool* on
Wednesday morning, has routed the
striker* ond earlv today thoy were
again taking up their poBltlom in
thblf fort* overlooking the mlnoi.
Thero tra* no ..i_ord_r and no thot*
wera fired. Tbe report that the
Utah Copper Company would begin
operation* last night proved antra*.
Ia caio an attempt It made to open
tho mine* today, a battle with tha
WANTED—Mon to sell lots In our
A.h-tbaBca, Landing aubdlvlaSonB.
oood cuiliiaii-aiuii. I no uica*. A-!.-.-
..,._....  La...]  Ch., SuJU-    X-,    Alber'i  W.I, T.M.. Tt. V.
STOUE FOIl SALE—Doing a < first-
chiHB bunlnoBB In fruit, vogotablos, confectionery, Rtntlonery, bread and eakea,
hold I lazed wood Ico Croam agency;
havo soda fountain and Kanollno lighting system; also horse and rig; $500
cueh will handle tlitB, Balanco on
easy term*. Apply, Hopwood's Storo,
Dox 2, New Mlchol, 11. C.
FOIl RALE—Part (65 X 1!»2) of tho
North-Boat portion of Lot 1, lllock 2, of
,_>«./.    »j..,,,.     kii^v    _. V....I*.
I . . I,.     Vf.
Ulwk, Calgary.
HNAP—Two-roomad Hou*o; planter-
od; water In. Alao two Stove*, bod-
_,'__._. •_'". y ?• *"1 v 1*,ft* *lnft ..end-
le*!,; balance terms. Apply, H. M.,
Lodger Offlco.
FOR SALE—10 Acre* In the I«le of
Pino*, Cuba, tract 20, *ectlonl7; prlco
$550; $137.50 down; balanco to be paid
tli.eu equal, Instalments. Apply W.
Kutter, tleHevne, Alta.
FOIl 8ALFL—Podlgm Airedale Ter-
riotra from flneat Imported itock. W_
W, Parnel), iPernle, H.C. 8-61
CLERK for Lawyer*' Office Wanted
at. onco; mum ho woll educated.  Apply. A. F. Mncnoll,   Fornlo.
Plrtt CliiM R«.'d«ntlr.l LOT FOR
BAMS; SO x 104; 1TK», l&bo. Apply,
W. Shilling, Victoria Arernt*.,     Mt
FOR BALE—Champion pedigree
Toy Yorkshire Terrlor ■ Puppies; ox-
rccdlngly small; two months old;
from tbo bost Importod atoek. Alto
aire to the above at stud to approved
"iiiii.Vi.-H-, act mil weight '..v. \\i*r, long,
allky coat. For particular* regarding
■amo apply to Box bti2, or to view at
M. Hilton'*, West Fernie. ■ 4-3t
LOST—Ono aorrel Pony; weight
about too lba.; wblte faco and one hind
foot; mane trimmed; branded on left
t-hou-d*. "V"; m lUwa.d. F. HutcU-
ln«on. Michel. D. C. Mt,


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