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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1912-04-13

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ny T .-.Indusrtrial Unity,is Strength.
;,The^fficial Organ pi District No. 1*8. U. M..W.oi,A. ;
'" -"7"--s?y^ *iij f-1
V   .. -. E
ty _ -'"No'-^yol^ViAy/^ :. yA ?; A, ..,/
THE DISmiCTw;LEDGER, FERINE, ;ByC., APRIL^13,. 1912..
/
$1.00 A YEAR.
■ Jw
I-
II.,.
.,.'
I).'
The Killing of Policeman
yWiliiiett at;Fraiik,"
•   Is Recalied V
.: I <* *■ , ,
■ ,* MACLEOD,,Alta.,"  April    7,-rPvitz
EbertB, on trial'here on the char_ia of
-murdering-.Constable    Wilmett    at
Prank, Alta^'ih 1908,' took - tho; stand
\in his ow,n" behalf when the court re-*
sumed. Saturday.     He; swore that, oh
the,night,of the murder he'want'to
'" bed drun__'and did not leave hie house
';   until the next day.' He denied telling
>anyd__e. that he had killed the police-
,. man and'denied the statement'of the
, officer who arrested him that his re-
■' mark then had been:'    "The'women
y have given me away.'.'    " .     ?,   ,,
I --JSberts denied ■ all , the statements
made against him. by .the government
7 witnesses, "denouncing them'■ as" "lies..'
,'  '?Eberts' cross-examination, was 'con-
-i tinued .when .the court- assembled *'at
, 2 o'clock.',   He. denied all the remarks
'said,, to have-been ma.de by' him by
Constable Collins and. Sergt. Piper,
,■ only acknowledging'the'statement that
-   he said when he .heard* of Jasbec's'
arrest, "They will now come for me."
. .Hesalso,denied everything Mrs Kane
,'; had "said.    The court adjourned again
-till'4 o'clock,-; when ;McI_e"od made an
\ /address "on the;prisb'ner's 'behalf,• fol-
,•■ lowed by a'speech by .Nolan.'* ;The.
'"jury returned? at'8.15, after an absence
* -of-'one hour'and-;a few" minutes'and'
gaye'.a-verdict-of guilty'with a recom-
■   mendatipn for mercy.'; - McLeod appli-'
ed for, a .reserved £ase,(the application
',y being refused.-T" The prisoner was condemned to-hang on* June' 1.7   A -; ,
LEOSTEHlN_LW__P_RES'dE~NTU. F? •
.' ,, '     .  .      -'  ^ r-. Ir,     -'-:""
DISTRICT 28, U,M W OF A?
'7'A's"a result o! the7recent'election
^t of offlcers^for District 28 of the United
'"-lifine ? Workers" of:' America,' - ei__brflc_n_.-
jurisdiction -. oyer-^yancouyer.Island,
*Robert,Foster, has been'elected presi-
,' dent, to succeed'Geo.'^'A. Burt;,,He Js
• well 'spoken' of by * those competent- to
v  judge of _ his executive ability, and "is
big enough to assume the .duties of
the office., ,'        "''"•' ?
MINING LEGISLATION
Special Commlssicm ih Alberta 8tarted
"Sj' ' . .,;■ Enquiry.',
, EDMONTON,' Alta,, .April 0,—The
. special commission appointed by the
Sifton government for' the purpose of
drafting proposed nmondmenta to tho
Coal Mlno Act ot the province hold its
• first mooting in Calgary today, and
the commission will meet in session
every alternato wook. throughout the
Bummer and fall.    John Sterling, pro-
I ylnclal Inspector of mines, has boon
.appointed chairman,    Tlio operators
will bo reproBontod by" Commissioner
Walter McNeil, of Calgary, whllo W.
Hadon Powoll, of Coloman, prosldont.
of District 18, IJ. M. W. of A„ will br-
,lng to boar upon tho problems of (mining In Alborta nri intimate knowlodgo
of tho minora" requirements.
MAY DAY AT NANiMO
.. The miners'; of ^ Ladysmith, ■ Cumber-,
land, and .Wellington' will celebrate, the
1st. of'May by holding, a" demoinstra-
tion at Nanaimo on that' day. y, ** *',
"* John, P. White, International .President of the United, Mine Workers' of
America,',is expected to be present,
and several officers of'the Birtish Columbia Federation of Labor are to bo
lnvited'to speak to the miners on questions affecting the interests of labor
in the'province. The,exhibition-ground
in Nanaimo has been* secured for the
holding of the demonstration and the
programme for the day is aB follows:
. Procession to' start at 9.30. "Addresses by„ prominent officials at 10,30.
Sports-at 1.30 100 yards open dash;
100 yards, dash ;,(closed); 440 yards
race (open). 440 yards (closed); one
mile race; five mile race; children'*-
sports; ,five-a;side football, (open);
tug-of-war ' (union men only); _ wrestling, Cumberland and Westmoreland,
catch;as-fcatch-can; also catch weights;
high-jump; old men's race (confined
to inen over 60,years',of age); married
ladles race over hurdles. * The Cumberland .Miners', Union'have chartered
a boat* for this occasion and' in all
probability, there will be a dance in
the evening. If the workers of Vancouver and* Victoria join in and make
this va real Labor Day,- there is, no
limit to the effect this-will have on
the workers of this province; and will
greatly help organization work in the
future. ■    •
THE HON..ROBERT.. ROGERS I
.MAY VISIT NELSON
NELSONT7Apr_r9.-rFred A. Starkey,
President of the Associated Boards of
Trade.'of.Eastern?'""British  Columbia,
' -* i> ,1 "^  i      ■    _
left this morning to,*attend'"the-ban,
qt'ct to be given to'Premier Roblin af
;Winnipeg, where.;, he-; will ,vpersonally
presentthe.invitation extended to Ho:i
Polert Rogers, "the new,minister ,o£
-.nines, to yisit Nelson and'get lri touca
.with:the'needs of.the mining industry
in this section ?of,Britlsh"Columbit. He
DIVIDENDS
AS US
MrtmmoF nisi) is
MAY!
will also, invite^ Mr. • Rogers' colleagues
to'.visit- the city.      •,, <_. • 7   .* ■ :
International Coal & Coke
Go,.Cut a Melon in
Spite of Strike
SPOKANE, Wash., April 8.—The International Coal and Coke' Company,
capitalized for $3,000,000, paid $56,p73.-
38 in dividends and expended $77,554.-
28 for maintenance and $47,029.61'for
improvements and equipment at the
plant during 1911,- according to a report submitted at the annual-meeting
in' Spokane, March 28. , Two million
two hundred and;twenty-five thousand
shares were represented-by holders in
person or by proxies. Tho coMpany's
properties in the province of Alberta
were not in operation for nearly eight
months last'year, on account-.of*the
coal miners' strike. The report shows
the following: *
Liabilities:. Authorized and' issued
stock/$3,000,000;'balance of royalty
due"to the1 Dominion .government.for
coal mined between 1903 and 1909,
$28,019.97; .accounts ■ payable, $45;-
923,89;. bills payable,'$153,080.46; contingency reserve,' $39,448.16; surplus,
$805,748.14. Total," loss-$18p,657.28 for
1911 dividends, and maintenance, '.3.
894,563.34.' "' "
■ Assets: Coal
plant, buildings,., horses, .etc.,
426.43; waretyouse~stbck, $39,256!37?
current accounts,receivable'$90,616.69;'
stocks of coal and coke, $2,582.26; unexpired Insurance, '$1,269.28; -timber
rishts,,$4,304.82:   ° TotaV$3,894,563,34.
Ihe ."report- concludes with,Mho
statement'that th.. outlook,for 19V313
promising." as the coal-and coke market is such" as to insure the belief that
the—mines Awill^he ±, aWe^to^operate,
steadily at capacity.-7 A*        :
lands, $3,116,112.90;
$6406,-
MAYOR ASKED TO RESIGN     ,
BECAUSE OF SUPRORT'TO I.W.W
"ryy- '■ sr-rt..'.y.i •„ ""•* .'-.'.,yy-j,*lM.,t'
JseXtTLE, Wash., April 8r-lh. south
western Washington, where the Industrial Workers tied,up a number of lum-?
ber mills quiet prevailed today and tbe
mills are .working with small* forces*.
At Hoqulsm a,citizens' committee intervened tb prevent the strikers1 from
Interfering with the men at .work.
■Mayor Harry Ferguson, "supporting the
Btrikers cause against the citizens, was
asked to resign at a mass meeting
held last night. , . -   ,
BOCIALIST CONVENTION
* GOES TO INDIANAPOLI8
CHICAGO, March 30.—Tho Socialist
National Convention will bo held nt
InclIi-innpoUs. May 12.
Announcement was made today by
John M. Work, Natlonnl Socrolnry of
tho SoolailHt Party, that the referendum volo of tho parly, which lint, boon
In proKrcw. for ovor n month, roaultoil
in 22.501 for ImllnnnpollH ami 11,1.21
for Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma Olty had hon orlglnnlly do-
loctod by tho pnrty'a J.xecutlvo Coin*
mlttoo and the chance man mndo nu
the result of a demand for a referendum,
CONGRE88 TO PUT ORQANIZt_R8
IN THE FIELD SOON
FRANK EXPECTS BIG , .,
... '    ,'   . COAL PRODUCTION
At Fernie/Lethbridge, Bankhead-^
Suitable Program of Shorts is *
Being XArranged—Watch
For Particulars   ,
■ * *-. ,* ■ .    _•   ■
There will be a Miners' Demonstration held in Fernie, Leth-
. bridge and Bankhead on Labor Day, May 1st'. Well-known
.speakers will.address the meetings at the various places.
Arrangements have been made to hold a series of Sports during the,.day. * Excursion Railway Rates will be available tb,
the different Centres.  A  * ,> A-
Watch next week's issue .for report regarding further details.
1 , . A . , A. J. CARTER, Sec.-Treas.
BRITISH COAL STRIKE BRINGS
LOSS OF FULLY $180,000,000.
Amateur statisticians, who'have
been figuring the losses by the miners'
strike, arrive' at various results, but
all are enormous-in amount,-   v
""vVYH.1 -Schooling, a prominent statistical writer, .estimates that the miners lost" forty millions in wages' and
savings.",  ,■
" Through the fact of there being no
coal-production, other, industrial workers were thrown-out, of employment?
lost another forty million, While $100,-
000,000 was lost 'because of the non-
production of coal,'and-the loss thus
caused by the suspension of other industries; making a grand total of $180,-
000,000.      ~    - *""     '.A
THE    RUSSIAN,   MINE    DISASTER
Rescue parties.penetrated the 3h"a.t
of tbe-mine, at'Uzoyka, Russia," in an
effort to remove tlie bodies of fbrty-
flve_i--iine_r's_cWgl.tJ.y_kn_expIosion_-Of:
/,
. Secretary P. M, Draper, of the Trad-
fc.«> »..«iui _«_»_,^.   i.ui,A».._ va _.a«ii.ua, Wi*
' Ir-wi. "br*., rent civil n rnll tr» nffll.nlctl
-unions and ot hor bodloa for tho iiocontl
Instalment of per capita tax for tho
year 1012,
"No doubt you nre aware,;1 naya the
..nil     ".lm*.    *%n    v,..n„lr1n«.     „«    tl .    n...
COLEMAN
MEN BACK
Demands are Recognized
and Work Resumed
'    After 3 Days
Trouble nr,oso. botweon tho mnnnRO*
mont of the, International Coal und
Coko Company, of Coloman, and tho
minora on Thuraday last, which caused tho cessation of oporntlona at the
mlnofl, for throo dayB. Tho trmibl1.
was ovor tho wolRht of tho coal. It
appeal's that wntor got Into the eluito*.
nnd m n roBiilt thn company'.! of.ic'.ilt.
deducted two tons of ono of tho minor's cars In ono Nlilft, oouleudlni. that
tho coal weighed honvior wot Minn
dry. Tlio chock Welshman Htronuounly
objoctod, but without avail. Ah ii (.on-
aoquonco tho 000 mon employed quit
work and did nol return until Monday
morning when tho compnny ngrocd lo
the atntua quo, and tho minor alluveil
his two ton of .coal, On Wednesday
tho Pit Commlttoo waa called together with the object of dlacuantng thin
matter of wot coal, but tlio minora' ro-
proflonlnllv'on refused to donl with the
matter, contending that aa thero wai
LIU    |I4 U.«MU-I     LLtUUV    iii     il.V    <A|_i C1-...4.H.
for rui'h :i ronllnjif nr.1 It v.-rc nol In
their province lo deal with.
Dally' Ylelthr■6T'rtfie','Seve'ral V'W Ines 'to-
Be Increased'this Summer "
? FRANK, AltayApril 8.—Although
there-;ls scarcely any, agriculture i.i
this district,' this town-' justly lays
claim to being the centre' of one of the
moBt'highly productive-areas in the-
Canadian west,'not-in wheat, oats or
bnrley, but in coal-and lumber. Thia
summer lt ls expected'that the coal
mliilnglndustty here will'flourish exceedingly.. The present yproducthe
caiiacltles of tho several.mines is expected to bo increased very greatly
during the" coming summer.'       t!'
■ At present tho mines yield a daily
tonnage of: Lille, 1,000;' Hillcrest,
800; Bollovuo, 2,400; Frank, 800; Blairmoro, 500; and Colomnn 2,000. Besides those aro Maple Leaf, with about
200 tons, dally, and Pnssburg mlnos.
.- The customs rocoiptB for the port
ot Frnnlc during tho year 1911-12 ending on March 31, wore: Merchandise
passed, $118,00*1, and collections, $28,-
82*i. Thoro 'wob a decrease ln tho
total collections as compared with the
amount for the previous yonr, but this
Is accounted for in tho clgh, months
of Inactivity horo on account of tho
rocent coal strlko.
coal .gas'-' ,T__e? interior" of the mine
was found ?.to have been wrecked Vnd,
many 'drifts "caved-in.. _. It will* take
several days to' remove the dead; It
was not believed that any of the forty-
five , could v have - survijed, * The Uz-
ovka mine is in the province "of Saratov.    -,.,*.'
STRIKE  WAS  EFFECTIVE
v WINNIPEG, April 8.—Local evening
papers published no noon editions
today owing to a striko of BtereotVpers
•A'.iicb.lasted exactly 75 minutes, when
tho" .pen -went back to work with -the
tjvo dollars extra a week demanded, In?
their jeans. ■
RESCUE  STATIONS  ,
{•A"'-     WILL BE
INSTALLED
1 EDMONTON, April 87—In the very
near future five or six rescue stations
will ■ in all probability be furnished by
the provincial government at* various
points throughout the province. One
will be in the Bdinonton district-while
Lethbridge, Canmore and other points
both in northern andt-southern Alberta
will be served with.; the equipment,
which,in case of.accident may mean
the saving of many, lives. ' ■
' At a cost-between $4,000 and' $5,000'
the mines branch has just completed
the installation of'the first rescue station at the town of Blairmore and to?'
day a team/of-five''men from one of
tie mines of the district, is in training
at the station.,, „*, '"
' WOMEN VOTE IN 'FRISCO
Suffragettes   Maike*- Fine  Showing  at
'.Election on Bond issue
A.,J. CARTER INTERVIEWS CIVIC
AUTHORITIES RE PLACING MEN
ON CONSTRUCTION WORKS IN
CITY. '
•Secretary-Treasurer A. J. Carter was
in Lethbridge; durng the .week interviewing the. civic authorities with a
view of obtaining employment for idle
men in the Passcamps. He pointed
but that there are some 400 or 500 men
who are idle at the present time. Many
Oi these men have not been at work
since the strike' started on April 1st
of last year, and'owing to the unsatis?
factory state of the coal markefat the
present time they are unable- to get
coal in the mines. - He told them
that ho had heard that there are many
men being brought in from other parts
to meet the demands of labor at Lethbridge, so.believes that thc people of
Lethbridge would be only too willing
to hire the men from the Pass camps*
who have been living in this country
for many years in preference to outsiders. , He. stated that the District
will endeavor to supply, men'as needed/sending down twenty or thirty at
a time. It would help- to tide them
over until next fall, when work In the
mines Is expected to open"' up full
blast. ,'*The authorities promised 'to
look into the matter and would acquaint him with their decision.
I'll see you'atthe Isis!
LABOR WILL UNITE TO
"*. MAINTAIN ITSRIGHtS
™S AtTFR ANCISCOrAprii "57=W6meir
voted for"the first, time in this city, to-"
day and-10',000 bf them" went to'the
polls and'cast'their- votes for Civic
Center'and City Hall Bonds to the
amount bf $8,500,000.'; Women served
on election'boards in, many parts ,of
the city and did-their .work* well. ;B
As clerks' they were a decided success, and-the'presence of women,did
much.to*, give'to polling places an atmosphere totally different from that
observed on other occasions. The
bonds were carried by a vote of ,43,000
to 3,600.*■. .Ninety p'ercent of the' registered women voted, while less than
5. per cent of the men went to tho
polls.        '..  ,       '
LONDON, April 10.—If the surface
men's grievances,can be settled there
seems to be.nothing to prevent a resumption throughout the coal fields
of the United Kingdom;- The protests
of the Yorkshire and FIfeshire miners
against the Federation's decision are
not likely to be followed by action.
The Miners', Asociatlons of the counties have., already recommended the
men to return to ,work. ''.'-.-
The railway companies announce an
early restoration of ■ normal services.
Some indication in the minds 'of .labor
leaders as to the.future course of la-
McBRIDE PROMI8E8 BETTER
MINE INSPECTION  IN FUTURE
The oxocutivo board ot^Dlatrlct 28
of tlio United Mlno Workora of America, with hoadquartora at Nnnnlmo,
havo boon nftor the provincial government for tho non-onforcomont ot tho
C'inl Mines Regulation Ant. Lotlora
recently nddraasod to Premier Mc-
liildo, covorlng a numbor of grogs
violations and making npoctflc c.mrgo,i
havo Boomlngly allrrod tho premier to
action, fur ho ha« replied to the mIr-
trirt sociotnry that union,, tho m.u-
lntlonR nro enforced heroafter thoro
will ho mlno Inflpoctora put on the
Job who will "do tholr duty. A* n ro-
milt thoro has been a ..linking of dry
bonen, nnd (ho porcontngo of accident1), nnd nnnrcenHnry death toll
nmong Vancouver Inland conl dlggera
may bo materially loaBoned aa a re-*
n.yi cf o.« -*.""!t",t*.** j"* '.' ■■* ',* '*"■*"
n*.f,nnt7.ntlon. /.nntho. fnr-tnr thn'-
At Iho]Probably had BOmnthlng to do with
tlmoofgolni. to prena nothlni. furthut)tho promptness of tho promler'B ac*
haa boon dono In thn matter.
grots l> now engaged watching logUla-
tlon nt Ottawa. As Boon ai parliament prorogues ho will go eail aa far
aa Sydney, C.U., on an organising tour,
which will, wo hope, bo productive of
much good to tho InternaUonn. labor
movement In tho ..astern provinces,
•Tho provincial extfeullirea have been
both ^nergetle and watchful at to provincial labor legislation If the
fimtnoei of tbo Confess -will warrant
It, the executive council U ansiona to
havo an organinor In central Ontario
for a few months, as well at one fn
tb<* Weaterr. ITorlnrca for n like period during, the ecmlng aumrner.**
AND
CARNEGIE
CRIMINALS
tlon Is tho fact that tho miners carry
tholr unity of purpouo to the ballot
*h<tv "f\n   /itfirtlnn   A;vn   «o   v'nll   i »   n'r-r-lr
daya; aa was splendidly nhown on
Thursday of last week. Tho minors
of tho Crow's Nest coal flelda might
well take notice,—n. C Fedoratlonlst.
.•""..E8NO, Cal., April .-Character^
ing John D, "Rockefeller nnd Andrew
Cnrnoglo ob the two biggest criminals
of the century. Karl Rogers, n Loi Angeles attornoy, In ..Iscu8_.lt... economic
renditions boforo the Woodmen of tho
World here today, declared tbe nation j   V.CTO'«.A,   B.C.,   April 0.--nutln« \ $2ri.0fi n "nioaDt.
was on tho ver^o of a great calamity, (the absence from the city of Hon. W.'j 8CHOOL OOARD
OR. YOUNQ WILL
BE ACTING PREMIER
CITY DADS'
BUSY MEET
A New School Building,
Extend the Lighting
System and Streets
A meeting of tho City Council took
placo on Thursday nlglit, Acting-Mayor
llroloy In the chair.
The Vlnnncn Committee brought In
n rocommondnllon that tho following
nmounta bo oxpondod this year, Ibhuob
of debontureit, nt r> por cont interest
to be as follows:
$10,000 for Improvpinents to Park,
30 yenra dobenturo,
$10,000 for ImprovomcntR to Htreola,
10 yoara debenture.
$r*,000 for new Storo Houfio, 10 years
debenture.
flfi.OO for electric IIrIiI cxtenxlon, 30
yenra dobonturo.
Thoso nro Hiibjoci to petitions bolng
received hy the Council roiiunHtlni.
that llio abovo bu carried on.
Messrs McCralg and I^oula Tiors arc
negotiating with iho Fernio flteam
LMimlrV for tho tailing over of thc
bviHlnoHH, umt 'ub Urn properly in on
ground bolormlng to tlie city, nn rx-
topHlon of lease was askod.   This w,.h
_,.,«,iilm,,, in.)  iv.M;  Irt-iliK vxa-IIUlnl  i-i
Jj..;_ ..P, IM.
H. Y.'.ill.'i.'f, of lho Pernio Hotel, n>
penred before Peunrll In support of f?b
Mil for rent nnd board of four m.-i
omvrnnllnod  in  bin place,  tmd  wh t
*-,.*>-""i»,Uh    Wi'iJkfc    \-i*$     lrt*n.» (A.     H-^vl.^  ■(     IV*
fused to take any action In the matter.
Fifty dollars was granted to tho flat-
vntlon Army.    It was pointed out that
last year the Army took charge of two
young orphans and sept them to tho
rviMMie homn In Va.lroiiver,
j   Jlr. Sieve Uarclay, the City Clerk,
!u*n. ■trmr.t.'.l tin Inrrfawk of Mnlntv ot
WAR,RUINING ITALY
American Paints Economic Conditions
There In 8omber Colors
PAIlIS.^-TAceordlng lo an intorvlow
which tho Now York TJmos correspondent had with a prominent Amort-
can woll acquainted with Italian af-
fnim, who in fact spends part of each
year -near Milan,, but docB .not wish
his name to bo made public, lt would
appear that economic conditions in
Italy at prosont aro far worso thnn
tho censored dispatched mako out,
"Tho Tripoli war," lio said, "comon
vory near.bolng the ruin of Italy
which Ib, In fact,, already soothing
with anxiety and discontent. Silk ox-
ports from Como Province to tho Kast
havo dwindled down to nlmoBt nothing.
TRACED IIP
The %r Shooting''and
Other Unlawful Acts
Admitted
"bor'struggles wSTgiven in a\ speech
delivered " by Vernon Hartshorn at
Maesteg, Wales, yesterday: He declared that the,result of the coal strike
would be the banding together of coal
owners, railv/ays, manufacturers, land
owners* and capitalists of" all kinds to
coerce the government into adopting
legislation to prevent ' the ' workers
from'ever again "holding up the nation.','." Therefore, lie declared, the
workers must similarly band themselves. , The transport, workers, nilners
and railway men must unite In the preparation for the fight.,
Many mysteries,of a lesser or greater degree have been worrying tbe local
police for the past "few months, the, <
most serious'of which was, the Barr -
Shooting Affair. * The Fire Department -
have also, been  troubled  much  with
false alarms, and many pilferings, like-  .
wise remained unsolved.' * At last the
miscreant's have been traced and they
turn out to be two' brothers aged 10
and 11. .
According to Chief Hall the youngsters admitted the following deeds:  '.•
Stealing a toy auto'from Mrs. "El- ■,
ley's boy* and breaking' into the Crow's
Nest Trading Co. and" stealing ; ?9 -
Suddaby'B -Drug Store  and*, taking a'.
small* sum from a collar' stud ca::e;
Duthie's Store and taking $19.35. and *
stealing a quantity of fruit from n C,
P.-R." box car; stealing a watch from   ,
thc city power  plant;   breaking' into -
a shack near the cote ovens and help-"
Ing themselves to a revolver and $33?'
$8"of  which   they spent,  giving" tho-
rest to their father,, saying they had'-
found it; stealing groceries from the^
Crow's  Nest  Trading Company's'1 rig   .
when the driver was delivering goodB   .
In  the  house;   taking ties,   handkerchiefs -and  gloves" from   the -freight
sheds;  goods from -.a shack in West-"
Fernie   and   hiding  them ,under -, a
stump;  taking bottles from the brewery and^ selling them back to the, com •->
pany. *  .
' Chief Hall states that the boys were,
cross-examined individually, and-they '
_botlLCOttoboratedjacLJnthpr-_ltji«aeinsji.
Get tbe Isis habit.
hardly credible that two .youngsters-
of such tender ages.should be guilty
of; so heniousa crime as attempted
murder, but,the Chief says7that their
own statements bears but conclusive-,
ly facts which are connected with the
affair and" consequently^whether they
committed the crime or not,"they certainly, have an Intimate knowledge of
uA'  ■       ;" ■>     „ °
' The difficulty now arises ns to what
to do with them. Tliere is no provision made for a juvenile delinquents'
court in Fernie, and the crimes alleged against theso boys are so serious
that they will havo to bo sent up for
trial. '
THE WORKERS' DEATH  ROLL
Approximately 1,182 fatul nccldontH
occurred In (ho factorlOB and work-
nl.ops of the United Kingdom, 21 of
tbo victims bolng womon, Thorn woro
102 moro fatalities than In the prov!-
oiih year, dosplio tlio Hoard of Tradf*
regulation... Thoro wore 1-10,738 workers Injured, which Im an \twmim at
10,r.,ll ovor Hie year 1D10,
WILL ORGANIZE COAL STRIPPERS
In tho nrn«ll ..lack Coal district of
Indlnno nt present conaldcrablo conl Is
being stripped InRlcai. of mined and
common labor is lifted In the work.
Tho minors now Intend to organize
the conl Btrlppers so that thoy will
receive the samo wok-m. as the mlnerx
and dny mon employed tn nnd about
ti.u oilier linnet, ot Uio tuxtrut.
Hhoultl this he done It will prove a
Mr.><* blow to th cosl men who have
coat land that thoy are now .dripping
and In many cases have already strip-
pei. it grim, rtnal ol conl .int. ate pun-
lng It on tho market.
NORTHFIELD
EXPLOSION
Superintendent is Killed
and One Injured—The
Of the Accident
NANAIMO, ll.C., April 10.—W A.
Wlluon, Bupoilntondenl of tho Can<v
(IIan .-.xploBlven Company, was ).l!i.*d
ni.d W. W, WoodB, a laborer, -am*.
H.iisliil.Y injured In nu cxploHion ut Uh
workw nt NorthfloliiNhlB morning at 10
o'Mcck. .
Other dont hn'Wore prevented by -Vi
fru,. Unit tlio fxplnrtlon wiih un'Mim-
td i.tioiit 10 minutes boforo It nrcnrnv.l
and a warning was given. Tlio explo-
Hum v.iih min-dd by iho rn'orlxmlh.; of
tho nltriile mixer, Whon ih., wu.'i;
men found 'his rondlilnti ntLiwd the,
loft the building nnd Humtrtoi'd-I 11 _«*->
nu|HMlii(«'ii(lHit. Mr. Wllnon vmir .00
feci from tlm Initldiug am) npp;o.i< h-
lug It when tho powder wont off. tiV
wns dlF'-mhowlftf, He wns I'J ytnvf. of
ng«' nnd Irnv^s n family.
HOSMER CIVILIAN *
RIFLE ASSOCIATION
FAILURE TO PAV LONO-DUE
WAGES CAUSES WALK-OUT
"If mr baby cried for m»k" Mid
Rogers, "and I had -none to give It,
the world would give me enouth < to
satisfy her o\k I would tear tbe front
otf ef n national bank In my effort to
fret Ik-
It Ross, who left for the east today, W. T. Williams, architect, of Medl-
Hon W. J. Howscr la to be acting mln- j (tne Hut, was requested by .the City
later of lands and during the absence j i" heol Ikard to dn* »p pUn* f<vr a
of Premier MeRrlde on his visit 'to'Aew school faulldln.. lo b* «»i»w>-fM nn
Bniland.Hotj. Dr. Young will be act-
ng j.re»lef.
the north aide of tin! present site The
cost of bnlldlng not f_0'<.xee«(i HS/MA.
UGLY MINE FIRE EXTINGUISHED
Tho Rhcnandooh Conl Colliery mlno
fire, which had been rnglnc. fn tbe
m.-immoffi rtln nt f^h^nnvViih TM
since February 23 last, and which was
fonsM il.iy nnd nffibf ner since, h ->f
flcislly ilocUred ext|n«ul<,hi.d. ami tho
colliery, which employe 1.S0O m^n and
boys wently resumetl work. The fire
wst the most stubborn and expenniv.)
\n ib* M*t<VTy ©f the torapuriy.
Don't mlM "Throush Flsmlng ««t-
«>*" at Ih" Isl» tonight nnd tomorrow,
KOMONTON*. April .«.—A wnriiliiB
nolo of the present, trouble of con-
turuviiuu KiiiiKS on the Caiiiniiim Northern Hail*ny with thu contractors
nnd ftut>-c«ntrv>ctors was l.t-anl In Kd*
inoiiloii, when thirty men laiiin lo
this city from rnmp, lu'<*lvo nilk'H uaul
ot i-.nw.M..., uiu) conipJiiiiicd that tbey
could not Ret pay. ArroMliiK to tho
men soma of n Rant; ef two hundred
men hnd not twn paid for twolvo
months, others for Mix nnd nono ur
them since the bot_.-lnr.In_?: of winter.
Thf-y claim/*,! ''m. rh** fVIt (uii
car had not been to the head of stool
for a font tluw ami tlut tln.ii' demands for money had received only
Avatlv* anr_a<>r*. There have bwn
f«-<iu^nt complaints made by workmen f-omlni. to Kdmonton from time
1<_ Ur.** irt'tt ifiriw.* ./imps t..*t ihfj'
nr* nnt p.i.,. i-vwiTrtrlf, nn'T fh.1f when
a man quits or Is discharged he finds
It moat difficult to get hit menes.
LOOK   TO   SETTLEMENT
Miners  and Operators  Appoint Committees to Attempt an Adjustment
l-Mlll.AWOI.I'IIIA, April 11,~.I'i-f.-
porlfl nf pence with an oiirly rosiimp-
lion of nnthriic|to mliilnf. firow murli
brl-ihlor todny nn tlm miner*, nnd Hi.'-
npcratnrs docliU'd to nil down tocother
nnd tulle nv«*i' tliHr (JlflVi'tiiccx lure
thin nftertiunii. (Ico. 1' Mrmr, pt.*-!.!.
ilcnl of tlio /.(MnlliiK ciiiiipniiy, lire
pohciI on li(»li/tlf of tit.' opornlorn fo
nrbllrnto HiHr dlfN'reiicp, <>mt Ih, to
loi tlm iinthrni'ltn coal Btrlko connuli.-
hIoii wlilfh H'tilcil Uiu mrlVo or I.m_!
InvoHlltmle pn>w>nl conditions and de-
cldn wholhor nny modlflcnilnn o, tlif>
I'ommlhHli.ii's award wiih n<>r<«nH,ii*y nt
IhlH tll.n*,, Al tlm dlMHimiioiUhnt fo!
lowed tlio miners pracllcnlly tlirea*
tiiiM oimr iihii!.', mid the fonforfiire
.»r.ti*U lih»il) tu .ipiiuiin Hub'tuiuinii** ,
(/■c, t» tilt- ii|-, <jto .JcmaiHla of rl*
mln«T'.' with jow-^r *o nsrikf- nr-;--
nii'inliitluiii. for udJiiJ.tm.'iitH.
AT THE GRAND
The next 1i>« nit met Ion i-omtni; to
tho (Irmid Tlifntm ori Tuosday, April
Kith, U .I<*iiuiie. Toulor In th.it vvnnd.*.-
rnl play, "Tho Whllo flltttf-r." Thlt.
pi iv u-as draivatt/c l from tlv.u wl.Iv!.
r«'«d novel of 1*. Marlon Crawford's
ut i!:c ,„ui... i;.mu:. £;,» _.,u. ^u nt*i
full of loiuplicAtlons which lit-iRhlcnn
il*«- a-'llnn of tin*- play «nd prwipltatM
rb*» cllria*. with an arnlarirho of emo--
tlon. MIm Towlrr will lie ncrompnni.
(d h> iti ixu-\)vnt hupitoettnti <om-
tuny,
* ..**  -: -."*
'   ct
Annunl genornl mcotinfr held at the
Pacific Hotel, on' Monday, April 1st.
I, J.- llrown elected captain for the
coiuItir sonson; Prnnk Nowton oloct«':l
socrotnry. C, Anthony, 1st lloutonnnt
of tho rnnRo; II. Brooks, 2iid lloutcn-
nnt; ,Wn.r Anthony, range offlcor.
ISxecutlvo Commltteo appointed  a*
follows: Captain and Secretary ex of-   ■
flclo. Coo.' Stooden. A. Anthony nnd
it. Pratt.
MomborBhlp feo for the hciihou fixed
nt ?2.00
Special cup, Riven by I. J, Tlrpwn,
captain, to bo competed for tbla nea-.'
son, alao throe 'bpooiib donated by T)r.
O. P. lllRRlnB,
■ *.-i ii
, Jl
XM
"The- l.nninn Toriiedr" at the !_..__. -V-.,.
T^tf^.*.*?
.>'j,^;;7^\.
.-\V««£. »--,
^^_fS^.9^^5^k*v£^"<.y
'-'4.' '
4  >.
■*''cA?
-*"rH-,.
„--  -   1* !.  '
,AV»?/>:
-.jl3- -~ *.* _-w v5V - *=
^v
PAGE TWO
THEDISTWOTI^EDGER, FERNIE^ B.C.,,APRIL 13, 1912.
'''•y. A^.A<7??y^f?vAA'A^A^'y;i_'1y. y**;-7 7.*,-
■ -- .:---&;y\y ,yy^ -^-.:'."--^y-.y-yw,, w-..-A-,-.
"'•J?
1,800 Still on Strike\ a£ Hoquaim--
\   Will Not Acdeftt Compromise
HOQUIAM, Wash., April   '9.—The
strike of 1800 'm'llworkers   of   Grays
.Harbor, -which tbe mlllowners hoped
w_ti:ld collapse upo*c Hie offer of an iu-
'ciease of wages to''?2.25 a,Q_.V, became more serious when an effort was
"made to resume work today. The men
demand $2.50. ' In Hoquiam the Wilson mills and inAb'erdeen the "Aberdeen Lumber and Shingle Co. wero
added   to  the ' plants  operating.      A
. fight between strikers and strikebreakers occurred at the Hoijuiam lumbor
camps mill,' the strikers throwing hun
dreds of stones into the mill yard.",
,A hose was turned on the'crowd
from the mill/ yard and women and
children as well as men were drenched t' In Aberdeen the Wilson mill is
running full-handed, -but all the other
Hoquiam and Aberdeen plants in operation are 'short-handed., The strikers have established headquarters
here for the * whole district. They
appealed for aid to Governor Hall at
Olympla, who says ho is unable to
tako action? Tlie trial of Dr. Herrmann F. Titus of Seattle, charged with
inciting, was begun here today.
Labor World!
__ • "*•*      *
The undertakers have a hard time
,of it when the coal miners are on
; strike.'
-"**„•
"If this paper pleases your'boss, fire
"the   editor,',' advises'   tbe   Industrial
Worker
...**"'*     *■'
Thero are two kinds of hoboes, those
■ who have, no monoy, and those who
are millionaires."
• * *   »
Clarence Darrow's case has been set
■ for trial May 14th,     He is charged
' i with bribing jurors in the MeNamara
cas-. /     *   .
■>   *   *
The world's ■ largest   trade   union.
- composed entirely of women, is said
to be the Cotton Operatives' union, of
Lancashire.     This union  has eighty
thousand members.
,*   *   »'
Ten thousand working' girls of the
Chicago Women's Trade Union league
havo contributed $1,200, to the league
in dimes, nickels and pennies as the
° result of self-denial week, y * ■• -
* *    .
e
Over 700 employes in the Kalamazoo
Corset Company, have struck over the
summary discharge of a number of employes, who, it is claimed, were dis-
missed"because"of"activityiiruiiio"iraf-""
fairs..-
«   *   *
Senator Nelson's bill abolishing the
penalty of imprisonment for desertion
of "seamen from vessels of the United
■' StateB, and also" for refusal to join
the vessel, has been ordered favorably
reported from the senate commltefc.
* ,, *   *
If the workers of British Columbia
ever expect to get any place politi-
.caJJy, they will havo to do a little
more work and organizing between
e'.Ctlon days. Elections are not won
b. prayer or platform oratory; as tU
many Bowser fire wardens, road bosses, policemen, civil servants, etc, cnn
well attest.—B. C. Fedorationist.
* *   *
■ Every unionist in British Columbia
will learn of the defeat of Andy Shll-
land, secretary of District No. C of
the Western Federation of Minora,
Sandon, In tho recent oloctlon for tho
Slocan Hiding. Shilland ls ono of nature's noblemen and thoroughly liked
by all acquainted with his sterling
qualities. Had he been elected ho
would have mado n creditable addition
to his majesty's loynl opposition at
Victoria.—!.. Palm Pottlpiece.
Dedicated to our indifferent union
correspondents (with'apologies to the
Shingle Weaver): ' ■•
There's always something--doing,
Just a line or two looks good;     %
It would surely help the paper
If each did what he could.
* *   *'  *
. Frank Morrison, secretary of the
American Federation'of Labor,reports
that the average membership for^Oc-
tober,-November and December,' 1911,
and for January 1912, was 55,000 more
than the average membership of the
previous year. ,
' ., *   *   *
A jewelry firm In Bavaria furnishes
the clothing worn by its employees
while at# work in the factories, and
washes the garments at its own laundry. This is done ,to .preserve any
particles of gold' or any tiny jewels
which' might adhere to the clothes. '
*   *   * , ■
.Edmonton City Council has adopted,
a minimum wage clause for ai« employees "of the corporation. , It p-o-
vides for not less than 30 cents per
hour, and the union rate of wages
must be paid 'to mechanics. The
sight-hour dny is i lso ,o prevail oi,
all work. At least this recommendation, has been made* to the commissioners and it is more than probable
that the suggestion will be accepted;
* * - *
With the exception of New "Westminster Trades and Labor Council the
constitution and bylaws bf the British
Columbia; Federation of Labor, adopt-
ed_ _at__Uie-_second_LjLiiBual_conv_entton_
in Victoria'in January last, have been
ratified by the" membership'and'will
therefore be enforced after the "next
meeting of ■ the executive. The most
important change was an,Increase'in
the per capita tax from 1 cent' to
2 cents per month per members "7
-    ' •   *   * ,     ,   -*
A republic is a paradoxical situation
where; - i   ,
Public policies are manufactured by
private individuals; .
Public service corporations are run
for private dividends • ^     7
A public trust is a prlvato manoeuvre and a private trust is a public
nuisance:
Public business cannot bo dono without Interfering with private business;
Public representatives perform what
thoy privately promise and fall to perform wlint; thoy publicly promise.--
Modorn Life.
FRANCE FOR EIGHT HOUR DAY
Tho chamber of doputlcB has passed
n bill providing for nn eight-hour day
for coal minors in Franco, It Ib
believed this notion will romovo tho
possibility of n gonoral strlko In the
coal fields.
Move Frank
To Safe Place
It is altogether likely that tho town
of Frank will bo moved bodily for a
distance of hnlf a mile, In ordor to bo
out of tho way of posBlblo mountain
slides, Tho mnttor is now In ahoy-
nnco, ponding the decision of the C.
V II. It is likely that tho C. P U will
novo tlielr tracks, piitflnB a "bonch"
on the sldo of the mountain north of
lho town nnd nwny from lho clangor
yono If thnt Is dono, tho town will
follow tho tracks,
It it, llkoly that It wll coat the towu
n quarter of a million dollars to mon.-.
Tlm i luce whero the town will probably move Is n very,good slto. It la
tele _o far as danger from land slides
Is concerned.
If It Is doctdod to movo tho town
will sond n, dologntlon to tho government to auk financial assistance, it
will bo nocoBBnry lo movo two or
three dozen business blocks and about
n'hundred Iioiihoh.
At flrHt It'wns though, that tho top
of the ihioutoiilnf. mountain could ho
blown off, thereby removing tho danger, hut tho C. 1» 1.,'s engineer, Mr,
Aloxnndor roporlod that It waB not
fcnalblo. Ho inporlod on Thursday
week thnt It would not bo Bnfo.    < "
A Prlco, of the C. P. n., had nn In-
ten-lew with tho council or tho town
hint Saturday and It was thon decided
to tnko no further Btops until Mr Prlco
could find out what the C P I. would
do In Ihe mnttor,
REAPING THE  WHIRLWIND.,,
OF'McBRlDE'S PROSPERITY
,*''•* :—:X"': '••■■•,.
Low wages; long-hours;!, slavish
work, isolation and'"he'7life; * punk
grub;, unsanitary 'camps;' lack; of
proper hospital facilities, In1 short inability to make even "a living—these
are factors, at' work.in railway construction camps lirB. C, , working for
the general revolt' among the slaves
who,build the roads that the government pays for, and Bill and Dan will
own when completed.        ,. . - ' *' '" t
The countless strikers' ,haye> de-"
cided that tliey must have~ $3 "per
nine-hour day, instead of. $2.25* for
ten hours. • , '  '
The contractors, of course, will have
none of it, and intend to throw dust
in the public eye by blaming I. W,
W. agitators, rather, than the rotten
working conditions, for the, general discontent and cessation pf work by the
employees. ,     "
Whatever opinions may be held as
to the correctness or otherwise of'the
position taken-by the I. W. W. as to
what is the most vulnerable point In
the armour of capitalism and the most
effective methods of combat, the thoroughness ' and', determination with
which they are putting their policy, to
the test compels admiration from
those who most strongly disagree with
them. ,. •
History affords few, if any, instances of such .working class movements
as the one in question, riot only in the,
vigor with-which the tactics advocated,
are put into execution, but also in' the
widespread acceptance .they< have re-,
ceived from a section of .the, workers
previously looked upon ~* as the' most
difficult to' organize and least susceptible to, the .Idea of united action, owing to the multitude of different .na-"
tionalities involved, with the hitherto,
invincible 'national prejudices.
The present strike on the C. N. It.
affords a striking object lesson as to
what a movement animated by the uncompromising spirit of revolt against
the slavish 'conditions that capitalism
is imposing upon its .victims can accomplish, in welding the widespread
discontent among the most heterogenous army of .slaves that any system
of production ever assembled together.'";-.,       ,'    ,   **
But: the most sinister portent to the
ruling class of today lies in the fact
tliat theisystem of which they are the
beneficiaries, and defenders-is-being
undermined.;"by , tijat section from,
which' they "least ^expected danger, because^ they(had selected it with the de-
Hberate calculation that the:national
antipatKie's^IifTOlTCd.^vi.liicirthey were
careful 'tb'fbster. by pitting one against
th other, yoiild prove an insurmountable obstacle";to the propaganda of revolt.    '  y .- 7   '   .     '      '," <■   -
: That their "object1 has so signally
failed-.of accomplishment, in spite of
the elements In their favor, is another
of the, multiplying, proofs that the
sign of, the times provide of tho. utter Incompatibility with further, social
prosresB of'a slave system of produr*,
lion."    ,'   .' , „ ,,
Feudalism, fell when It could no
longer provide' an existence for tho
majority of thoso who depended upon
It for an existence, and made way for
tho present ordor, which ls now on tho
Verge of a similar revolution, that is
bolng propelled by tho same inexorable laws of social evolution, and tho
economic nocessity of the vast mnjor-
Ity, to whom tho next step in advanco
hns bocomo a matter of llfo nnd death.
By whatever,,methods It ls accom-
pllshod that step will plnco tho work-
ors In possession of tho political power by which the present ownors of tlio
moans of wealth production aro enabled to subject tho rest of society to'
tho lovel of howora of wood ond drawers of wator.
Onco In possession of that powor,
thoy will uso lt to porform the rolo
that Is historically theirs, by entrench,
lng themslovos In tho position of ownership of tho machines theyalono can
create and, uso, thus ensuring to all
willing porform tholr sharo of the social task tho full soclnl equivalent of
tholr labor performed,
It enn't bo too soon.—13. C, Fodcra-
tlonlst.
es -were "able"to "raiserttielr. standard
of livlng,7 not'because of ."tbe-niarvel-
lous advances- made in.the; aYts of'pro-,
duction,.though" this,- of course, %was' a
necessary''condition,; but" because vof
the great 'scarcity of lat>or 'occasioned
by the'settlement of,the west and.ihe
expansion of .industry,; also* it', may be"
said, by their'organization into";trade
unions. .But;'all that has been reversed: -The "frontier'A-has -disappeared,
into" the'Pacific ocean,, the. period "of
.expansion has ben 'superceded 'by. ttie
period of consolidation, organized'labor has now organized capital with
which to cope, aud an ever increasing
host of jobless men'and women make
{t'possible for employers to enforce a
reduction"; of wages.- • . „ ?' '••' - ,
' Neither accumulating riches on tlie
one hand nor deepening misery on the
other.however, would endanger the existing social order if the masses lacked leadership; or continued to believe
that poverty is ordained, by God or
that it Is both inevitable and just. But
theso two bulwarks - of . conservatism
are being swept away as surely as
have'other superstitions. For many
decades now, tho workers have been
learning to think,for themselves and
to organize--in their' own interests?
This is a natural consequence "of their
association in large industrial establishments, their * education in the
schools and their enfranchisement.  "
Frbm 'the "first flows their ability to
act iii concert, from the second their
intellectual training,' from the third
their consciousness .of political power
Once upon a time people believed in
the, divine right" of kings. ' .Today
they' believe In, the divine right of
capital. But this latter belief Is passing away as surely" as, did the former.
So also is the-belief that poverty is a
blessing in disguise. ■ The church ' is
losing Its influence oyer, large sections
of the community. Among 'working
men and women a feeling seems to be_
prevalent that'the church is a class
institution.of the capitalist class, and
that they haye no place in it. At any
rate, the old * teachings no longer suffice to allay-their discontent.' An
anti-religio'usnes akin to that, which
characterized the French revolution is
developing among the proletariat' of
both Europe" and America.   ' '.,
In the* domain of political economy
a like - unorthodbxy is manifesting^ itself. '' A large and Increasing number
of working people are studying ecc^
nomics, ■ not,*' however,- the economics,
of the schools and-colleges. The. economics which' they are studying are
the economics of Karl Marx, economics
which1 have'-a ' revolutionary import
and which.- tho'ug'h 'meriting.'jheAit-e
THE OUTLOOK FOR
THE WORKER8
As tho unemployed army grows In
fllzo, tho condition of Ihe aellvo work-
ora bocomos correspondingly worse.
Tlio prlco of lubor-powor .wanes) Is
regulated llko tho prlco of nny othor
commodity by tbo law of supply nnd
domnnd, When those two factors are
perfectly adjusted, commodities, In-
eluding liiimnn labor-power, nro aold
at tholr normal valuo, namely, tholr
cost of production, But whon supply
oxcoodH domnnd, prices fall, mid this
Is ns true of wn«es ns It Is of wheat?
or cotton or automobiles.   During tho
flfnMp«.M(    ''Cr.'U'.'""
|1
TO T f^T Tr* T   T*> £**
For Men, Women and  Children
While walking is good exercise and necessary
Bicycles nre nlso highly rccommonded and in
going to nnd from work are vory useful—yon
get there quicker, fl, very important factor.
Bicycles Repaired. JOH*. 'MIN'TOl. Todd Block
of the "dismal "science" because of'the'
unpleasant truths they contain, nevertheless bear a, message of hope to the
oppressed and <■' disinherited of' all
lands.     •'    '•  ,-;,"',,"
What is the kernel of Marxian economics? „ Simply-that labor Is robbed
through the; subtle operations of the
wage-system,; that* "'the Interests of
employers and employees are antagonistic and that ob long as class ownership own the means of production, distribution and exchange persists, labor
will, have a hard, tlmo1 of lt. -These
are dangerous doctrines, you say, and
untrue; but they are-being success;
fully propagated all tlie samo. Hero
In Amorica ther workers, are becoming
familiar with the'statistics.of wealth
distribution.. . Tliey learn from the Investigations of Chaa? B., Spahr, that
sovon-olghts of the families of tho
United Statos own no more than one-
eighth of tho national wealth, nnd that
ono por cent of the families hold
moro of tho national wealth than tho
remaining ninety por cent, From governmental ropoits and othor sourcoB
thoy loarn that tho productive workors
—mental and mnnunl—receive in wag-
ob (and profits) less than one-fourth
of tho values which thoy create,
i Theso facts, m conjunction with tho
teaching that labor produces nil
wealth and that to labor thorcforo all
wealth should belong aro bolng assiduously dlsHomlnntod by tho So.lnllstc
through a host of pamphlets, books
nnd periodicals, from hundreds of
nt'-oot corner rostrums and tho platforms of numerous lecture hnllu, nnd
In tho factories, fields nnd workmiops
by dnlly dismission,
The Present Distribution of Wenllh
In tho United Stntos, p. 00 (quotod hy
John Spargo).
It Is an oft quoted saying ofMCarl
Mnrx that capitalism Is crontlnq, Its
own grave diggers. And suohwouM
appear to bo the case, Not only In
economic development moulding Iho
foims and fostorlog tho conditions
which hogot revolutions, but it Is glv-
In*, birth to tho native agents of fllr-
enitent,,
Until quite recently tho prolotarht
wna drained of Its nblost members by
tholr absorption Into tho,so-called upper classes nml by ominratlon Into
now lands. These have been the safely
vnlvoH of Kuropo and Amorica for tho
mat hundred years or bo. As long as
Uiu dioiu uiiurKutiu eluinenu among
iho workers could satisfy tholr ambition lo totter tbcmaclve* bjr eettlnj
up a business of tholr own or by mak-
Ins n bid for fortune In hitherto un-
*>a...oa.ni letmoiy. they remained, «,»
John "R. Commons says In Tha American Journal of Sociology", iolf-consct-
ous. But as soon as these opportunities are tnkon away from them, tbey
become clnss-consclous. Now, th*
tru«flflrsflnn of frnfnstrf on' tho on*
hand and tho conquest of the West on
tb*, ntiinr (ins productoff Juat thin <f-,
feet.    Not only that, but th«f are
■Xx yy
y.'.y   ' '''
X?y, 'A
sinking, a large ..section;, pf-'the "middle'-
class into the ranks'of ^the'-wage^earn-
ers. The professionsytob, are.becpm-
ing overcrowded, the? high" schools'.Wd
colleges are, turning out tin eyerjiarger
number of bright young men* ahd'wb.
men unable to find "respectable" positions, small investors find .'-it increasingly difficult to-live"upon their ;ia-
comes owing-to the fall in the', raw of
interest, while the personal"tlesViilch
once bound employer and^eniployeo
together haye disappeared under'corporation rule. And with what-result?
Simply that there lsrarising a "body of-
intellectual proletarians who, realizing
that "their economic salvation lies'* tri
rising, with instead' of trying to rise
above tho class.into which they have
either fallen or been born,1 ally,them-,
selves with the forces ' of;" revolution
and becomo the writers; teachers, organizers and parliamentary representatives of the" international social-democracy.      '    '"'  ' ■'•. s
"The International *• Socialist Movement is without a doubt tho most Important movement bf "these times. Beside it all other movements sink into
inpignifiennce. ' It Is important, however, not so much from the dimensions
it has already attained" as from its
class character, revolutionary alma
and wonderful vitality. ' Forty years'
ago* the voting" strength bf the International Social-Democracy did not exceed thirty thousand. , Today it,is be-,
tween nine and ten millions: Throughout the civlized world hundreds , of
journals are' published In its behalf,
legislatures,are falling under its sway,
and the discontented elements of all
classes are rallying around Its banner.
Its progress is steady, rapid? irrepress-
able. - ' '
T7*""-""*
REPAIR MEN CALLED, OFF
t PHILADELPHIA,' April'8.—Orders
were issued .today by the union district headquarters at Shamokin calling
off all repair work "in. the - Schuyl-'
kill district after ' "Wednesday, April
10th, which is the date for tho conference at - Philadelphia., There will
be no interference with the pump men
and .workmen needed to prevent damage, to property until after the result
of tlie conference becomes known,
,when tt is said, it is intended to suspend everything in case there is no
prospect of an agreement being reached. . \ A* "*" , ■ iA.T ',:
.,- The ■ union" heads ■ claim that ■ some
companies were taking, advantage oof
the permission given"union'men,to do
repair, work * to prosecute new ."work
which'.led?,to. the order being issued?
AFTER
the fireman lias dono his best
and lost out, ls then too late
to,consider about a policy of
flro insuranco! For your protection you  should
Insure in our
Company
to-day, Tho cost for adequate Insuranco io warrant
you against financial Iobb will
not bo groat.
Why not got our rates and
.   guard your Interests boforo It
Ib too Into? .
M, A, KASTNER
Solo Afiront for, Fornlo
Dr, de Van's Female Pills
A reliable Frtnch r«irulkto;i novor filli, Tli.ie
pllli tra exce«dlfi(tlv powor.uI In r.miiitln.. iti*
 ' "— Jir 0** fem»» - '       - '
w.ntrsllvfl portion dt m(emulo,iyilan.. K.lui.
all t i_np lm titloni. br. d» Ws or_ nold M
l1.,J_?*'.n,i,_'tts '*"r'J11,  A,»'l«d 1° »"'V *Mm%
*-•:>
:?SS'dy
'■a
GeHerar ID balers'
iiality
7 "-"A ., 'y^y
Go63d s
-ahd-
Dry ?Goods, Boots, Shoes
*.y   Men's-Furnishings A,,A
Groceries; Fruits and
A    .; PfovisioiisV 7    •
Bellevue, Alta.
*•*,--. - v*. . /. i
V*,l    .
.-    3    ,
StephenT^Huinble
Dealer ? in
Hardware,   Stoves,   Ranges:
i, *   *   .   -     ~ ■   ,  ,.-',. ■'*"
Fancy.Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE
Alberta
-.. .
Bellevue Hardware •    Furniture Co.
, .    .■:.'•.,....-•■ '  .-    *.'-' ■•■•»-*■..■ v*- • ,
y    7   ■.;•*■   j, Headquarters for
House: Furniture and Hardware/y
SPECIAL    PRICES    IN    FURNITUR^    „
-"" ,    -1 ■ "*■ ■   "•' ,      '      .„„'       * k~>',
A Completejine of A ■■ •,-,        'Look:around first
1 ' v Ms____H_____nsj___nH_______MuaA
SPORTING GOODS. TrT"T-   THEN BUY HERE
, "  Every day a^Bargain Day. Here       ..? .,
'HI
Hillcrest, Alta..
Glean arid Gbmfbrtable
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars
H.:J. CUNNINGHAM, Proprietor V ■ A
- y.|
./■-::|
A.I.BLAIS
/ .. '..'   Grocery
-_-_-.H__________________M.___H .
i ■    ,        •. "■ 1-. t > t
.   ,' ,     Wo carry a full line of >
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
• «... , i      i
And Nothing: but tho Bost in Fresh
and Smokod Moats, Frosh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
' Etc.  Etc., ffo to
* i *
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Munsger
PHONE 41,
The Store that Belongs to the People
•   «W*    i*K       ,ft  H^l^W   •mftJim     V*#P.
aftpsc(loc«ft^^T,*,r,rmfll,
raic*. ii CMTt
Ladger kit Wiiys fiat Thm
*ssm at* |%
i^vcjy bimig  i>ic:w
Oa,
XU1     Opi JLllg
Women
Got a now Hat or Bonnot for yourself and baby. Como and sco
them Ond bo duIi-jt:htod--lowGst prices in tho district—thon the
10 conts oif tho dollar for cash.    .
New Wash Goods, Wash Trimmings,
Embroideries, Lawns . and Prints. If
you cannot call send for our samples
Everything; Required For Men and Boys
..   ■        •      , ,..'-U ' ■   .___...     1  _»._.■'  °      ' ■'•'.        ■■.'     ... '       ..
SSn Co-Operative, Coleman &*?&
m
1 •-.. -is; ■
= }V.
PAGEPOUR
rf >*?_.?! - "A
THE5 .DISTRICT'lEDG^APERNIE, B. C.;^PRIL 13,-1912.
3
-...i
s
i v.
I'jbur Letter Box!'
WhyyTom
X^y; l: Labor Troubled *aK '■■a :?
A   "The regiment-will/be ready, for re-
'. connalssance duty iri the region of the
• ( miiies at 2 a.m.   March ."of f : at"   2.15.
'A Strict', silence"'to he observed. •. 'Emer-
1  -gency rations, ?wlll he* carried * by the
1   men, aiid the regimental water-cart
-.will he in attendance."?;tIn addition,
1 " every man will carry a rolled blanket
y and waterproof sheet for bivouacking,
y„i_' necessary,' and twenty rounds-, of
. ball ammunition.     Ambulance , waggon No: '/..Section 'B  has been allott-
,'cd  the  regiment during  the  opera-
'. tions."       ',''""' ";    '
', The'men stand In gloomy silence, as
the orderly-sergeant reads this order
before "turning-In.*1" , Then the old
i soldier remarks:   , y   ;. .
1 , "Humph!     Reads just like" active
6ervlce!    Reminds' me of the time we
; captured the mines, at Johannesburg
. in■190.0!'* \-    ',,",.        ,   -A
* "Only.this if worse," chimes In the
- • sergeant, as he'closeB his book with a
' vicious snap; "for there's not medal for'
-»this business, and no free messing and
no special thanks of Parliament, and
* no pocketful of^ money as a* war gra-
, tuity! -y ,' ■;" :, A,y* y
.*.. "Pocketful o'inoney! Tvlore like poo
'■ ketful of emptiness this journey!" re-,
" marks Ginger Stubbs, bitterly. "You
'/fellows who weren't enlisted when we
went to South "Wales-a year,or:._two
. ago don't know what it's like. "I;do.
And I'd sooner   have   active , service
■ abrofid any-day! 7 , ', '    "    '*.'-
A v Playing" the Waiting Game, ,-"**',
■A. "They stuck us in a .dirty, draughty
"drill-hall, with only two .blankets ;a-
plece for. beds, and a reg'ment. o' rats
. for bed-chums—and at_ Christmas time,
too'." '     ]' *      '"'-*■     .,„''"'
if "But it can't be-so^b-id as" active
■" service,' after all," ventured tne. timid
. recruit; ."for you" haven't got" to face.
.'horrible lyddite.shells arid, explosive
Pullets'and. Maxim guns and——" ,"*
..- "You go an' sit on your bed-cot and
■ look small!", interrupted the old soldierv acidly. .'"My word!    yrhe pre-
' sumption o' recrults?Jiowadays! What
,,, d'you, know about it?,Y "We don't have
'' to face bullets, and,shells; "but that's
_ Just.the "worsyof.it! ..."It,puts us ata
disadvantage!, -' .". ' \-, "\-   .* _■ -C
.*.
, The Ihstnct Ledger accepts no respond-,
bility-tfor the.views expressed by its corres-^
pondents. Communications will be Inserted ■
whether signed by the real name of:the,
•writer or a non*. do plume, but the writer's-
name and address must ba given to the'
.Editor as evidenccof good faith. In no case;
will it be divulged without consent. *
•T _" WeTcanHmng-!aw^likeTMazeir at"
the grinnln'. heathen who carries seven
■weapons   and   forty-seven  "different
kinds of- cartridge,4 an',, mop, him5 up
sharp; but/somehow, a "soldier can't
stomach the", idea. of, using. bullets an*
bayonets' against white men- who've
only got bottles and pavinV stones. It
don't seem sport; and, besides,, our
officers "won't, let us A "
; "In strikes we "have to play a wait:
in' game; and there's no thin' so trying,'*'believe* me,' ', , '5- ' ■ ':
" "Its the rottenest, duty a„ soldier's
got" to do!*" commented Ginger Stubbs,
flinging himself wearily on his .bed-
cot, v ,-"A day of it's often worse than
coal-fatigue pa a ?whole month o' wet
Saturdays!" '.,-"•' ' *
*  -  Ginger Stubbs Grievances
The others all nodded absent. ■
Arid then the ex-trade, unionist ventured a word. ■ '7
"Yes, and its rotten enough for those
on strike, too. You fellows ought to
have a bit o' sympathy^ for, poor chaps
fightin' for allvln' wage, and—A"
.' A chorus1 of groans prevented further speech, and Ginger Stubbs said
fiercely: '" ' ',' ."' ""' '"
.""But what do they want to fight,us
for? .What have we got-to do with
their .quarrel? We're only sent on
duty-.to j protect peaceful, folk, the
same as the police? that's all.
"""As for sympathy, we don't , ev«n
knowywhat the squabble's all'about;'
,alUwe know'Is that they can't have
more grievances than * us fellows—
what with our pay bein' cut.an' pensions ' ,only for a' few; an' musketry
gettin' harder every year, an' seven-
pence a day stopped for'hospital treatment, an', all the rest of It. ' "We have
to keep,a tight Up when we have a
grievance; we can't run-amok!. We
have to remember, discipline,'ah' that's
a fine .thing; .but-these fellows.—;—
Bah! They don't know what discipline is!   . " '.-*-   .-• „- - y .'__■*
"Mind, although *we know, all that,
and although vwe don't know- much
about civilian,grievances—still, we
don't bear, the^.strikers any grudge,
s'long as?t_iey.take* cafe ,to miss outfaces, with their bricks! But, when
incomes*to flinging 'em,behind'our
backs, or calling us vile'names, an',
peltin' us, with- mud—well, I - suppose
we're only ..human, beings, after, all,
"e^^"7if^w6~a"rF%ldlelisrTStiiirit's"a'
duty every, soldier hates."~Ariswers;
March, 23. '. ■,'"   A
.1    TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN , ?
J   - l"-.'7      "'
• ' ' :'\ Pocahontas, Jasper Park, Alta.
77' 71 lr" •" • '--Mar. 8, 1912y'&;
Al.am a miner of'the'Crow's:Nest'
Pass/but am now working.at"? Jasper
Park'.Mines,-Alta.^ and would'like to
give' the b'bys of ttie Crow's Nest*?Pass
a ^little - information, of Jasper^Park
Mines'regarding conditions .here.
Well, .hoys, if you take* my advice
you will keep away from here for the
present.' When my pal and j came
here we hacUto^sleep on the floor'of
the bunk house for.two weeks;' and'
the bunk house is not very clean.-' The
train' runs through Pocahontas three
times a week, and since I have been
here there has been an average, of
four men ori every train that-came in
while I was there looking for. work,
and \vhentheylanded here they could
not find any place to'sleep in. I have
seen six arid seven men sleeping on
the. floor of the wash-house for two
arid three nights a week, as well as
sleeping'in the cars on the side track.
And as there, was no .work in sight
they had to pull out again next morning.';/ I think th© trouble is that some
ofyhe men who have-been up here
have told the boys in the Crows Nest
Pass that it is something wlilch it is
not. I, for one, was told that there
was all kinds of work' but there is riot.
"There were 25 men out of work when
I .left.   •-J' 7    '■
A There are about'120 men working
here in the inines, putting .the three
shifts together. ' I" think It will be
soon, enough to come up here in six
months from.'now. r "A*'miner gets
?3.00 a day .company ,work, but the
men in the coal are getting fare wages
but they have all .kinds of men waiting for places now? and the places
finish as fast as they open up. I
have been waiting for a place, for a
month now, and by the look of it I
shall have, to, wait another six months
—viz., if I,stay;here.' -"'    *,   ''
The board herfe is $28 a uionth; and
ndt much good at'that,'and.to strangers coming in here it is -fifty cents a'
meal till such times* as tie'gets work.
I might also say that lt is the worst
accommodatiori I haye.seenlri Canada,1
anyone living under' such conditions
should have' ten ■ dollars'- a day. -
> We have a' small- wash-house close
to the bunkhouse for the men to wash
.themselves in.'*' One day I -went:in to
know'a's.I can't see that conditions up
there, are as good as iri .District 18,
aid7will point out a few. facts'.?in regard' to Pocahontas' and;-will leave it
tottie.rarik andfile of this District to
judge.' ' : 't.yX'.y
*.-"*"'1.-'.-,They have an agreement-signed,
there for three years, v. hlcli is an insult to the intelligence of-the^parties
that'drew it up, considering it to be
a new camp in the middle.of a new
district, and the first agreeinei.t to be
drawn>up in that district.'?*?District 18
would never think' of. signing   a   3
years''agreement only when they were
practically beaten after" a 8*'n_onths',
strike, which they fought .without a
cent of help from the men that "were in
Pocahontas at that time.        ,;,
,', 2. ^Rates.  .Day   wages ■ inside, all
miners working company work in Pocahontas, $3.00 per day.   (District 18,
$3.30,),    It is true they have 6 or 7
men "pushing cars and loading in Pocahontas and .they receive $3.00, but most
of them have dug-coal as miners in
some- camps in the Pass."
• Lampmen in Pocahontas are getting
$_i.50 for ten hours.   .
, Drivers, drawing coal from the Inside,* $3.00 for 10, hours.   (District 18,
$3.03 for 8 hours.*)  Two men on tipple
dumping, $2.50, 10 hours.      (District
18, $2.89)   Ropo riders, $2.75, 8 hours.
(District 18, $3.03.)
Contract rates in Pocahontas—Seam
average. 9 ft. pitch 65 per cent. Band
of rock-in; middle oif seam running
from,6 in, to as high as 14 in. has to
be stowed away without a cent for it.
That's great. - /        ••
Tonnage rates—Rooms: ..55c. ton;
Pillars, 45c. ton;'-' differential- in.-new
district.of, 10 cents-ton.' "*No checkweighmen in Pocahontas.,
Timber—Props," 3 cents per foot all-,
round (Hillcrest 4 cents;,'Coleman, 5
cents per foot In .pillars and 5 cents
all round,, with exception of pillars in
District 18).   ,     ' A '   ?
Sills:, Pocahontas, .75 cents for two
piece set, lagged roof and sides. (District 18,'$1.00 to $3.00," andif necessary
to lag sides, $1.00 extra.) . . .
Yardage—Levels, $10.00 yard; Raises, 4""'ft. by 4 ft. $2.00 yard; counter
gangway, 55 cents ton and no yardage.
Room cross-cuts, 55 cents ton and no
yardage.* (District'18,'$1.00 yard.)
•InDistirctil8.they get $2.00, for securing corner of .cross-cuts,, in Pocahontas they do' it.'for nothing
Powder—Monobel, ■ 35- cents per lb.
(District' 18, 30 cents.) , Caps (elec-*
trie);' l^k cents.-(District 18, 5 cents.)
Conditions.—Shootlngoff ttie solid, firing all ttie shots?'they<» need. They,
drive some-of'.the rooms to the surface; they narrow them down to 6 by
6 and pay'$1.00 per,.yard, and before
they get throughYtkey" have 6 feet, of
gravel to go. through and get $1.00"per
Secret Societies-      ;
The Beaver Club
In a recent issuo of the Fortnightly
Review published at Victoria, an artlclo appears on the-,Bcavor Club, lt
draws the distinction between tl|o non.
political sick benefit organization and
,tho now, Conservative Beneficiary, Society known as "Tho Boaver Club."
As a branch of this organization Ib, wd
bollevo, established in this city, It
will be of interest to our readers to
hear a "little, moro about .It. ' After
giving a brief outline of Us alms, Its
por'sonel, and methods of rocrultlng
membership, It says:
Tho Constitution provides for—
1st.—The creation of a membership
by moans of local clubs throughout
tho Provinco pledged to maintain tho
supremacy of tho Conservative. Party
and Its policies, acting ns on advisory
to nnd In conjunction with tho Provincial Kxocullvo.
2nd,—To oxorclso supervision ovor
tlio selection of nnmos on tlio electoral
roll, attend rovlslon of lists and ar-
mime for commlttocts to poll tlio vol-
lng strength of tlio Party nt tho elections.
3rd.—To nrrniigo tlio trnrisportallon
of absontoo voters to their rospoctlvo
r'ldlngs, to dlsburso cnmpnlRn funds to
tliouo wlio will not voto without being
paid for ding so, nnd to reimburse voters for Iobb of llmo occnBlonod by tliom
In oxc.oIbIiib tlio frnnchlRO,
4tli.—To ongngo canvassers nnd
clorlcnl help before nn npponl Is mndo
to tlio country, with n vlow of dolorm-
, Inc. tho ntroiigth of tlie Party with tho
oU'Otonito, and to mnko nil duo provision for emergency should occasion
require,
nth.—To assist the wnrd commlttoos
In tholr work, providing scrutineers,
poll dorks nnd roBponslblos for special
duly.
tttli.—To exorciso duo dlllgonco tn reporting to tho offJcors ilorrognlory ut-
tcrnncon by Individuals or associations
tO.HI Ml    III. I   V/01l(iV('VUti.'U   iltf       Ul
WG__._M.ra/___j. 'ol Ike Cli.1.
Iu subscribing td this, nnd llio by.
Inwa Kovornlnff tlio routine work of
tho club, tho Initiate Is compensated,'
If n merchant, by recognition from tho
.,    , r.   ,       , ,, , »<• .   i
• employment; a contractor,'open door
to tho Lands nnd WorkB Dopartmont;
real ostnto agent, nn Insight Into tho
Industrial development ns disclosed
by tho expenditures and policies of tho
(lovernmont. In addition lo tlio as-
fllotanco secured to tho membership by
-rp-iplnir tho party In power, ench Individual member is enjoined lo assist
ono another; a free masonry In prac-
,i tlcal form. One cf tha peculiar features In connection with the admtn-ts-
' (ration of the Beam* If the right retained by the Club to dliclpllno Its
membership. When once.the oath of
fealty has been-taken, the party lash
falls with,security upon the offending
member. In this'"respect, lt resembles much tlio treatment accorded to
the Conservative following ln tho Legislature. . Tlio bonds are easily broken, the Individual Is without redress,
This disciplinary, forco ls frequently
exorcised' outside of the club upon
those who nro not members^ A newspaper would not "dnro refer to the operations ,bf this society as,we havo
dono; tholr ndvertlslng matter would
dlsappcnr ovornlght, nnd tho offending
sell the "coal away from the people?
Say, before you leave ,,me to write to
the President for the copy of-that .deed
will,you* kindly tell me where you
got"the money to buy the mines and the
tools which"we use in mining the coal?
If I am not too inquisitive?
".Mr-.Smith: Certa.nl,y Mr. Jones,
my father, gave'it to me.
Mr.Jones:- .Thank you, Mr Smith,
and where ?did your father get it?
' Mr Siriith: '- He made Ihe most of .t
AiU ?ofv ttie^ Diamond mine", east of
lieie-' He.started^with a small mine
and rot much capital and kept Increasing till he became\-wealthy.
.Mr. Jones: And what did your father, do. in connection with the mines to
earn so much money?    .,  ,
Mr. Smith: *; He sold tha "coal which
the miners dug arid directed the mines
so economically that' he was able "to
accumulate "a fortune.'        1    .       " .
Mr. Jones:   Did the miners who dig
the coal accumulate a large fortune in
digging the coal as your father did in
selling it?   "•..,       ."•
Mr. Smith: *; Why, no;'of course hot.
Mr. Jones   And why not?     Is it
harder work to sell coal than It Is to
dig it?,   Is it more dangerous to life?
Mr,.Smith:, No, of course',* but my
father handled-the capital,' employed
the. men, and thus was able to make
more.
Mr. Jones: In reality, then, to accumulate his'money he took,„when he
sold the miners' coal, a large share
of the product for himself instead of
delivering'it to its',owners—ttie,miners. You must see, Mr. Smith,, that
you have neither a clear title,for your
mines nor for the money which you
expended in buying them and the machinery in them. Don't" you think
that the miner Who does the hard
work, exposes his life in the mines,
and actually produces the coal, ought
to say'to the operator how much he
will give him in wages, instead of his
telling the miner how much he, the
operator, will .give him, the miner?
Don't you think, Mr.- Smith you'd better advise' your fellow operators to
let. the .miners have their demands,
even though it'leaves, you less profit,
before the miners get theireyes open
arid take away all your profits?
, Mr.-Smith: You have got me cor-
riered, Mr. Jones; but we must stand
by our profits' as long as you will let
us.  ■ ,'.."     '    '
" Mr". Jones:' Be' sure" we will not .let
you long.—United Mine Workers' Journal. 7. ,   *   - v- 7
T-HE-fCANADIAN BANK
A ?0F COMMERCE
A        SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., U-D., D.C.l__, President
'-       ;,-   yALEXANDER LAIRD, GENEBAL Manaoew       v A
CAPITAL, - .$10,000,000 'yA REST, -   $8,000,000
DRAFTS "ON FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Every branch of Tlie Canadian Bank of Commerco ia equipped to issue drafts w
the principal cities in the foflowioj countries without delay:
.   Afi-ca     . ■&•__    ■ Greco. ^    .- Hew Zealui Shena
Arabia    . Cat* Hc____»_i       •   ";. 'Norway
Areen_u»-__¥afc&_}aN___ai--. H?*4 "'     J*"^**
Australia ,     "toj'''^ J»*^, S*1**
Belgium       *. I "ttDhrt   .- Italy Mppln.Waafc
Brazil  " .    Venae-*   >„ * J»|«a S*4**31. ,_,.
Bulgaria - ' hm Java RuMiiiiia Tmknr
CeyE^ ' FW-Xoel-kC-i-aifalbi - K-«a     , U«t_ist__»
Cluli •,   Gemanr •   Mandwda  -        ' Serwi •rS°t*iL^- ^_>
China   * Great Britaia -•       tlexica Saaa Wert Iafie% tta.
The amount of .these draft* ia stated in tfe* mooty tt the counbr^rhere thqrare parable; that is they are drawn in steriinf, feanca, iMtriu. fire, kronen, fiorina, yea,
taels, roubles, etc, as (the ease may be. TWa enatma that the payee abroad wffl
receive the actual amount inteoded. . !      , A2**
FERNIE  BRANCH  v     ' "        y . '     L. A. S. DACK,  Manager.
,Scm&*a
SoutbAfiica
, Spain     ■•*'
Smuts
Swedca
Smteotaai
Tmki
CHINA TO, ADOPT SINGLE TAX
Head Office ,
HAMILTON
Capital'Paid Up....< , 8 2,870,000
' Reserve and Undivided Profits   3,500,000
Total'Assets .'  44.000,000
It is not in Its power to purchasejhat the
greatest value of money lies. °' The feeling
of independence, and of security against the
v effects of adverse fortune that a reserve fund
gives you, is infinitely more satisfying than
the passing gratification which you would
obtain by spending it/      ■, \ • ■ .7
Small amounts—which,you  will hardly
, miss—deposited regularly, will gradually, but
surely accumulate to a sum-large enough to
insure against the effects of business reverses or loss of employment.    ,    , 7 ' V
J. R. Sloan, Agent
Til
"•I
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund \.'.:
D. R.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO "
6,000,000       Capital   Paid  Up  ....;, 5,996,900
5,996,900       Total Assets ........ '   72,000,000
WILKIE, President   .."      HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prea.
.    BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel,.Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. "
; -   , SAVINGS DEPARTMENT J      .7
-Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.,
FERNIE.BRANCH     A .;    « tf GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
1 •il
fl
wash a few clothes "and I.was ordered
outside with my;clothes.and ,told to
wash them outside. So onc-.has to
wash his clothes * in "the bush if he
means to Iteep; himself ^clean at all.
They, have 20 houses ?bullt now, but
they are all occupied,' "and'got as many
boarders as they can keep.,'.' ,.
.., Boys, if you want to get some good
company come into the bunk house at
Jasrer.Park Mines,1 they'will keep
you,warm theso cold days. I think
some of tho boys are getting, tired of
the bunkhouse company, becauso this
morning ten, went out on the train'to
Edmonton and other parts of Alborta.
■ Still, apart from all I have said,
boys, It ls fine to have a walk around
the park and just have a LOOK at
the gamo—It's fine, boyB! *    '
f ' ■   ', '   R. A, OATFIELD.
ANOTHER VIEW OF POCAHONTAS
merchant, reap the fruits of IiIh folly
woro he to disregard the llttlo hint
convoyed to him In nil sincerity. This
hns liappcnod to us, has occuned
ngnln since wo bognn tho publication
of this llttlo sheet, nnd hns bcon practised upon othors who incurred tho
(llsplonsuro of tho noavcr Club by
voting for the ex-Mayor In the last
miiiiicliml election.
, Wo nionllon, these facts to awaken
tlio pooplo of this Province to a rcnll-
vniion of ii vrry potent factor In the
polltlcnl llfo'of tlio country.
-Ilnvlng (llBolosod llio fulmlnlstrotlvo
function o of lho Ilonvor Club, lot us foi.
low logically tho effect of tholr nctlvl-
tloH tliroiiRliout llio Province.     We
linvo horo lho miiclilnory provided for
n flyfltonmtlo control of llio voters*
llHts,'  Lotus romlml our roailors thnt
tho plnclng of nnmos upon thoso lists
Is by no .nouns confined to thoRo who
can loyally qualify.    Tlio provincial
votoru' lint lo-dny contains tlio names
of thoiiHiimlB who hnvo no oxlstonco lu
fnct ns far nn corporal hody Is con-
cornod,    Tlioy aro registered by tho
party mnniwors without the production of person In nbout. tho same manner ns pro-omptlons nro rocordod ovor
tlio liny,  , TIicho nnmos nro voted lu
hy men who come from llio Rtatoi. for
the express purposo,    Wo bave evl-
.luato Of wiioHiKUio irauiib iu our uttau,
ui..l tro mv iml iw.huu.vii, hul tin-ii
wo will have to evense tho blue cont1
for nearly nil are members of the Tloav
cr Club,    With a control of tho bnl-
lols, nldoil by systematic ennvass or
<.,>i>v>-_.»|.?WLi   U<.Vi|>    -*J   Wti   V_,Lvkii_.i.s*v.*-.j.i
tho Consorvatlvo Party cnn arrive at
on analytical cnlculnilon of within
fifty votos. MoUrldo, today, knows
just whnt monoy Is require,! at ©wry
ballot box In tlio 8fi ridings of British
Columbia, '
ConsUiudonnl Kovornmont, wo may
«nv. Is nt nn Vnd. TV>8p-.»!sm takos
Its plnco lind In full confidence of hla
p6sltlon, tho Promlor soil* the Pro*
-i Into of Ilrltlsh Columbia (o ltd highest bidder-it condition bo takes full
ftdvanUg-e of In the railway proposals
of th* pail week.
To tho Editor, District Lodger. . ,
■ Dear, Sir,—-In reading ovor the last
Issuo of your papor I see a loiter under
the heading, J'Thls man Is satisfied
with Pocahontas," written hy J. Mc-
Swain, In which ho protests ngalnst
certain remarks mado by Chas. Gardner, Into International Hoard Member.
I know Mr. McSwnln when ho was a
member of Hillcrest Local and would
ndvlso him as a porsonnl friend when
writing n lottor again to tlio press not
to lowor himself by trying to Injure
a man's character, nnd oBpoclnlly by
quoting Scrlpturo, which is tho Sundny
School literature with which ho trios
to'ImproRB on our mind Unit ho is so
famlllnr. I would suggest further, for
him, to nlwnys romombor this pnrt of
Sunday School Scripture: "Judgo not
andyo shall not bo judged; condemn
not, nnd yo shnll not bo condemned,"
etc; also, "Either bow ennst thou sny
to thy brother: Brother, lot mo pull
out the mote thnt la Intlilno oyo, when
thou thyself boholdoHt not tlio benm
that's In thlno own eye? Thou hypocrite, enst out first tho hoam out of
thlno own oyo, nnd thus slinlt thou soo
clearly to pull out tho moto that's In
thy brother's oyo,"
If Mr. McSwnln ennnot deal with
tlio subject nnd bnck It up with arguments nnd fnctH, without lowering
himself to tho tactics of cnstlng reflections on a innn'n chnrnclor, ho Iwul
better not wrlto until he cnn do so, ns
ii olii. .v-iuiU UU (iiu iiiumiiiui oi Hla
l.)t.*331i'wi(,P.
Mr. McSwnln ulntes In IiIh lrller
"thnt It. Is truo that thoy want an or-
gnnlznllon of tholr own, but that It
was far from tlio truth Unit It was fot'
1 I        . ?     i ** i  t» ▼
much lmprossod by thnt statement,
nnd it,Is on account of thnt statement that I am writing those few linos
so ns to clear up iomo polntn.
I would llko Mr. McSwnln to romombor tho lottor he wrote to T. Jnmos, of
..druonlon, in which ho was asking
thn co-operntlon of Mr. ..nmr-s In or-
gntiltlng n new district,/md in which
he pointed out thnt James nnd himself could bo tho head officers of such
a District.
Also, why he did not want to be'attached to District 18 f am nt a loss (o
Wash-houses—They, are packed like
sardines; wqoden bpxes for lockers,
without ^ocks, $1.00 per month (if you
have to-buy''one, .aad it costs you
,?1.50.)' •; 'A'        ■    '     ■   -
House coal-rr.4.00 and over.   -
■ Board—Private -family, $1.00 per
day;' company",mess house, $6.00 week
and sleep in bunkhouse; furnish your
.own blanket; company supplies you
with hay for nothing. If you need
a mattress the company will, supply
same and charge '50 cents per month,
and the place ls full of vermin.   ■
Listen, members of District 18. In
Pocahontas six men had contracted on
"slope for $15.00 per yard; company
dissatisfied with the Umber thoy wore
putting up, and thoy insisted on putting a boss over them, and he was to
bo paid from tha contract. Committee
wont down to examine and held up the
compnny.' .The company put Frank
Williams (lato of Coal Creek) to boss
ovor them and drew his wagos from
the contract.
You cannot carry a gun; tho game
warden seals every gun'on tho premises'.
1   You are allowed to catch 15 fish a
day.    A
In face of those facts, Mr. Editor,
and knowing Mr. McSwnln, I do not.
blnmo him for not wnntlng to bocomo
part of District 18, ns It would bo a
pity lo attach such conditions' to UiIh
District.
Yours vory truly,
J. O. JONES.
Sec HUlcrost Local.
■LONDON, April 8—"I"have finished
the political "revolution and now will
commence" the' greatest social revolution in the world's history," said Dr
.SunJTat-Sen JthsTex-president-of-Ghina
in an interview at Shanghai today, according to a despatch from that (city*
to* the Daily Telegraph".
..'.'The abdication of-the Marichus is
the only means to greater development7'
and the fueure policy; of the republic
will be in the. direction of Socialism. .
CI am an ardent follower of Henry
George, whose ideas are' practicable
on the virgin, soli of China as compared with their practicability in Europe
or the United States, .where money is
controlled by capitalists,
Dr. Sun says he'has the full consent
of tho government _ to start his propaganda Immediately, whereby the
railroads, mines and similar industries
will bo controlled by the .government.
The single tax system and as far as
possible, free trade', will bo adopted.
©/CANADA
Make 'the Bank
Collect Your'
Accounts   l
If you lvave money owing to you- by someone *
either close at liarid or living -anywhoro in Canada,
United States or Great Britain, let the Home Bank
niake tho collection. Your draft will be promptly
and courteously presented and the collection placed
to your credit. A demand upo'n your.debtor, from
tlio Bank, will have more weight than a personal
appeal, and, as a method of business^ collection by '
draft is both inrular and usual. m
*. **i
Head
Office
j'F. MACDONALD, Manager.
TORONTO
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fernie Branch.
A   CONVERSATION
Delvveen James Smith; an Operator,
and Peter Jones, n Miner,
Hy G. n. T.nmmond( author of Wilfrid
aionn.) ,   ;
Place—Clovelnnd, 0„ Tlmo—March
22, 1012.
Mr, Jones: How doria lt, hnppon,
Mr. Smith thnt you ojiorajors hnvo It
to sny how much wo minors nlmll ro*
eclve for the conl which wo dig In tho
mines?
Mr. Smith; Itccnuuo wo own the
mines In which you dig tho coal nnd
tho tools, machinery,' which you uso
In digging If.
Mr. Jones:   Toll mo how you camo
A Woman of Few
Words      1
Hrs, Harry 13, Byo, Main Street
north, Mount Forest, Ont,, writes:
"Your romedyfor kidnoy, bladder
and stomach trouble has' given me
grcnt relief. Havo taken throo boxos
and now fool like living and bottor
thnn I have felt for yoars and I give
your
FIG PILLS
nil the praise, for they aro tho host I
have over tried." ,
At nil donloi'H, % nnd 50 centB, or
Tho Pig Pill Co,, St. Thomas, Ont.
Hold in Kornlo ill MoLonn's Drug nnd
llool. Storo.
NYNOI'NIN "If OOAT. MININN
I.I..HI_.ATK)NH
COM. mining rights of tlio Dominion, In MfinUubri. BaHkatoliowiui and
Allmrtn. tho Yukon TorrUory, tlia North
.".-.-.'I 11: t z:.
.i i.
W<» brnicht  thon..  of
of
Mr.  Smith.
courne. '
Mr. .Touch:   Pardon   tno,   but
whom did you buy tho mlnos?
Mr. Smith:   Wo houitht them of tho
Mr, Jones: Of whom did tho owners get their right of «wnor«h1p?
Mr. Smith: Of «omobody beforo
them nnd so back to the government.
Mr. Jones: Prom whom illrl tho
government gel tho right to noli thn
conl, which belong to nil tho people, to
an Individual?
Mr. Smith: TJho government hnd
dlvlno right. ■
Mr. Jones: Will you plttso send to
Wmihington and get mn a copy of tha
d(.cd which Qod gave to tbo United
Slates when ho gavo It tbo right to
■\X7HEN Winds Are Nippy horo is the toilet lotion
*'"    that typifies  tho true perfection of all toilet
applications.
Sweet, dainty, not greasy, and of extra special value in
tho caro of the skin,
Aftor a walk or an auto ride 1JENZO ALMOND
GROWN cleanses the pores, restores tho circulation
removes all of the ill elVeets. of tho wind.
Never hesitate or fear to go out for an enjoyable "con
stitutional", or to take healthful outdoor exercise he-
oause MWAG ALMOND CHOWN.will always take
care of you even if you have on extremely delicate or *
sensitive skin.
Ladies appreciate it.  25c a box at
Bleasdell's Drug Store
Wont Torvliorli'i nml In a portion nt
tlio I'i-uvIiicu of Ili'lllHli Columbia, mny
lio loaHfid for a tnrm of .wonty-ono
ycntH nt nn nnn.ni! rnntal of $1 nn noru.
Not movo tlmn _.B.0 tier.*, wll lio lrrm.rt
to ono npiillcnni,    .
Application for tt lcnuo must lie mnd«
by Uio niiplleant in porsoti in Uiu
Agent or Sun-AKont or IM dlRtr'tit in
which tho rlKhtH iippllotl for nro Hllimt-
lu survoyod territory the lnnd muni tm
(lorifiiilm,) hy HfictlouH, or legal mili-iilvl-
bIoiik of mid Ion., nml In uimnrvnyi'il
territory tlm tract nppllod for slmll ou
Ktnlteil out bv tlio appllcnnt liliiinulr.
|.,U.iii,»M'll< .itfull liiuul wu a..uni|i.i„.c ,.
liv n fe.1 of IR whir... will hi rnfunrted If
tiitt iim'.in u|i|illi;il fur aio i,u. ,u,.ii,.;,,-,
tint not otlinrwlmi. A royalty nt.nlI lie
pnhi on tliu murohniitiililo output uf tlio
mine nt the rato of five renin per ton,
Tlie pormin (iporntlnK llio mlno rilmll
rurnlhli lho Aireiit willi hwoi'h retiiniH
accountlnir fnr tlm full nunntlty of iner-
clmnuililti coal mined an ilpuy llinroy-
rlKl.td   nro' not holnff   i>p«int'..l.  huoIi
f.turriH  Hliould lio furnlHlied nt leiiHt
The l'ni»fl will Inolmln tho conl mlnln«
rlffhtH only, but tho )e»K«e tnny be pj-r-
mllt-il to iiuroliimo whaUivur nvnllai'le
gurfftfo rljihtH may ha contlilereil n<*-
ci'««nry for tbe worklnic of tbo mine
ot, the rute of 110.00 nn ne.re.
'for full Infnrmftllnii nppllerttlon
nIioiiIi! bo mi\il« to the H"i'i'"tin y nf vlii.
nennrttrient of thn Interior, fiitewn, or
to tiny Apjent or Htih-Aitent of Dominion, l.oii.U,
W. W. dry,,
Deputy Mlnlitor'-of tbe Interl"'.
N,Ii—ITnauthorlrcd publication of tbla
ailv«rll»<ment will not be pabl tor.
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
TRY AN ADVT. IN THE LEDGER
flpoolnl trniitmont for oibf-r illaenat-a of mon: .Neroiia ****»***"'
Vnrlcim.. Vrlna. lly.Jroeele, IIUmh! nnd »klii IMaorilpra. Hore» tle..r-, Itlil-
nev. Illmliler nml Ileolnl HlMonlera, ,ele., ami Contra.ti'il Allnienia.
rroatate (ilnnil InflmimiatUnii «»l«l t-»«ruMi«' cuiiuii.uuh.
Museum of Anaitomy
In till* <lrrnt Uiwrnm N abown by llfo alxe mndola, mi»n«trfinltl*H.
norninl nrd i.bnnrinul eonrtllloiia of Uio vnrloiia parta ot tho body. Jllua-
tmtlni. fully both neiite nml elironle dl-.eiii.ei. of mm.
Free Consultation and Advice
MV MOTTO. .lUICK. MOTIMO .H.AIIAVri.l.n  CrillW  AT  MOIIKII-
ATI5 OOK'I1 i
liber* Medical i:»amlnnll«n Tree. I'rrr nttnniliialloii of Urlwa
ffhen «rer».nr>. C«nanll MiwKUI'.ll. llon'l 1>*I*>I »••>»>» «•«•
dniiKeroiiN, rnll or .trite. ITee llo.iU. l.vrr>llilnir eonlldmllal. Ilour.i
ll a.m. lo H p.m.i Hiimlaya, 10 «.«». in 1 l».m.
Dr. Kelley's Museum. 210 Howard, Spokane
The Ledger for Job Work '-*■ ij
vr^i
tm^au»JmA».j;^^,.J«^»,,nm»M«|>.,^lii»*1^rrtJt
-.r-l.t
^-„\vO;
. t   ■..
THE DISTRICT. LEDQfeS, FBKNIE^B?C.; APRIL 13, 1912.
-'Front7yXyy:y
Mirie Dis&siets
Precctutionl Ai^znst'Ftre afid Ex
; .£Id?zonS:.j^^ Trained
Rescue Men and Cheerful
■ ■ *     -      ■.,•'" **  '■'¥.'",■•'■      •■ "     ;-
Co-operation
the United Ststei- BurGaiftf- m      *ad.
- SSOnPrat   S°Uth<3rn     Appalachian
Coal Operat^ As?OCiatio    t  <IQl
ville,, Tenn., p<Wary        ■    ,
Lessons Fro^^ M,M
as follows: • •        „
'    It would. lve unfortunate as well as
unpardonabl^jf from the ^ f
■   can,mine* dUast€rs of ^ ^ ^
ye^rs we _ir,Ve not l5araed ^      .
sons that m-v ]ielp to,prevent or m,ni.
disasters, or reduce the
mize future
per
cent
- h ,,     i     *esulthie from them,
shall endeavor to ^ atteatIoa ^ &
few of tfaei* lessons that
most promin^nt]y.
. F.!!St ,°f fU-'attention may be called
< our mines; and we will
rVCrfmak€>s progress until we get
away from ^ theory and get dow/to
S?2LSS> and"de^°P thathear-
. -f ^abCuUns^rs
C6SS _■■'*"** . <-
Oi.the fats...•„„ • . .    '
1910 "47-De- m COal mine3 for
roofand^^r10'?111^8^
mine cars- 18        per Cent wer<** .fr°m
mine cars, 18 per cent
SE!? V ^ Cent were fr™ «■
tric ty.     Of ^ total fatalities 90
,    centwere,uilder g
above ground, -
,   .'.   L"S07 from Mine Fires
,   ' Mine d.sasteiVliave reg
- n!lnefires-E^ ^Plosions, or dust ex-
plosions, or a „,wu,.. it
all of them.      ™nattionAf two or
t„a fmm „.   The most recent disas-
d! aelrnf r?6 fires were «* Cherry
duster of N^embfer 13|.19096wher;
259 men lost their H * *
;-SthStartedf^mthe burning of-luy
in the mine.stny,,,.   „„, *i    ^     '
,     «id_<_—and the Pancoast
ZleZaBZln™ Scranton' wh-e 72
3a . f liYes from a fire ^<*
appears to h^6 .started. fromAhe" in
flammable mater[alaton€^
derground po^er stat.oas>
In neither"'rvf i,,"      . ...
...       ,,    y1,. these two. mine, fire i
disasters does  ...„ .
Plosion.     It  ^videk e;m
^l6 SUf£0Ca><! or-poisoned by the
gases generate ^ J   ,
"  ^'°f co«rs^ the few who were Si-
ed from the W of tlw (.re .
W hVZm°5t lmportant l€SS<™ tau-
u. . .      _. "ays attend the practice,
which _s ent>r%too
Z^l?!' ^iMes ^nammahlo ma-
'f^S^ond, the inadequacy
ft, ^  and  equipment  for
Tl'T ^^ulahlng mine fires?
Ah« m n/ on?*,nust haTO ttab<* «»
the mine and rio cconomlcal      „, d
SftST     a°W? f0r Reproofing'this
Umber.     As l0ng as
n tho mines  cWtaln ^
be carrle   Into tna mInes wkh 6
to feed thorn   i,llf ,. «,„,„, ,
I,/,   tnlr^r,    tnf«      Ut   "   bftl<5(1   ^^   mUSt
be taken into tho mines'for feeding'
TnT'/u^^^^ndsuporf"
daily vet.elt„rl)yBpi,nU]ln]i   p^
Ping  t quickly ,nt0 J
?3va    ,ZnB°tCnrrlCd ln Cl0a^ ««■
By al  moans tbo caB,08t
it   wn nL°f f,rc8 ln ml«° "tabto.
J ta koop thes, BtaWeg
Lessons Fro
set *.fcr:rcor
of increasing, the force of the exi)lo-
sion,' though I have no doubt but that
.much of the finer dust is partially
consumed in the* burning of the gas
of the expjosion and thereby increases
the quantity" of poisonious gases generated' An the mine. In a number' of
gas explosions.in the soft coal-mines
that I,have examined, it, is'evident
that coal dust took part in the explosion itself. * In other words, there was
a joint explosion of the gas and the
dust. , y -
In several mine explosions In the
soft coal region, where the larger part
of the mine was wet. either from fresh
heavy sprinkling or from natural seepage, It' has been evident that" the explosion was limited to a small portion
of the,mine where the gas was present
in sufficient quantity; that'.the dust
took part only to a limited extent in
that immediate vicinity; and the explosion, did not extend to other por?
tions of the mine, becauseof the fact
that the mine dust elsewhere was wet.
IrTseveral pother mine explosions
which I have examined, where the
mine was thoroughly ■ dry and dusty!
and where' there was on evidence to
show that gas was present either he-'
fore or subsequently, I have been convinced that the explosion was a dust
explosion pure and simple, having'been
neither started nor propagated by
gas.
"Whether the' original explosion was
due to gas or to dust, or to tbe two
combined, in many; cases mine fires
have resulted from the explosion, and
the continuance of these mine fires
has, in several' recorded cases, been
the causes of a second or third explosion, due to the generation of gas and"
the subsequent admission of air in an
attempt to open up and ventilate the
mine." In these second and third explosions, occuring in succession, it is
moie than probablevthat,,in the soft-
'-oal districts, both the gas and'the
dust have been involved each time.
Prevention of Gas Explosions
In connection'with .the prevention of
Cas_Pvnlnnlnno fV>«_in^n~n .1.1.1 .._
— 1 .w«w,^^uv- iwoauiji^ wmim —an-
past experience' teaches as being of
first importance Is to. sweep the gas
out of the mine by means of adequate
ventilation.     In connection with such'
a ventilating system it Us important
that there should be duplicate fans,
,so that, If In any way, one "is destroyed
another is immediately'available.    In
order to prevent tho detsruction    of
fans, they should be placed where they
will not bo In the line of force of any
explosion'in the mine,
„ Safety  lamps  and  permissible or
quick-flamc explosives each contribute
to safety; the keeping of electricity
out of. gaseous mines is a further wise
precaution; and there are a number
of othor minor precaution.} that are Important; but all will agree thnt the
first essential Is adequate ventilation.
An unexpected outburst of gas from
tho breaking into an old gas well or-
from the smaller hidden reservoirs Jn
the conl  Itself, each  contributes  a
danger which It has boon found,dlffl-
cult to provide against ln mnny cases,
but ngalnst which   every   precaution
should bo taken.    In qulto a number
of mines tho danger from gas has been
reduced by an extension ot the entries
far In advance of ordlnnry working
oporntlons, nnd tnklng the gns from
thoso advanced entries out of tho mlno
through spcclnl oxltB, bo na to got rid
of a largo portion qf the rob from tlio
coal In advance of, the ordinary, min
ing work without'overloading with it
the ordinary return air-currente.. , " '
Dust -Explosions ,7 '. ..,.-*
The lessons taught In. the 'recent
study of dust explosions {Jjpth in connection with mine disasters and special experiments, are that the dust from
practically all of the bituminous coals
will.explode under favorable, conditions without any gas being present.
They, have also shown that a. small
gas explosion, ia. one of. the1 easiest
ways , of starting a dust explosion,
which, if the mine is wet, will be'a
local explosion, from which many min
ers may escape; or if'the dust is,dry'
and abundant; will be a general explosion, extending to every part of the
mine, and killing by* its violence or
its poisonous gases all the men in"the
■mine.      '■.'.*
Wet Coal Dust Will Not Explode
One of the important lessons taught'
by certain mine explosions is that coal
dust while thoroughly wet will not explode, but that with' modern ventilation, and especially during cold weath-
er, wet,,coal dust often becomes dry
and, dangerous within a few hours, and
that   therefore the sprinkling of coal
dust "once a month' or 'once a week"
only gives us safer conditions .for" a.
few hours immediately following the
sprinkling,     Indeed sprinkling "occasionally is often a useless and even*
dangerous practice, as it does little
or no good unless thoroughly and frequently done, and it often tends to
make us less careful in dealing with
half-dry or dry coal dust" in between
the periods,of sprinkling, and it never
repches the gob piles or other unused
parts rof the mine.'
, Wetting coal dust through the introduction of steam alone with the air-
current is by all means the most effective and cheapest way of moistening
the coal dust during the cold weather.
This steam warms the inflowing air
and-saturates it with moisture, which
molstjire is in turn deposited on and
wet's the coal dust in all parts of the
mlne^rhere the air penetrates.    This
method continues through the winter*
season; the "natural "sweating"  process which keeps -the dust wet - and
helps to, prevent dust explosions during, the summer season.'
As far as possible we should'keep
the coal dust out' of the mine; - And.
what we cannot remove we should
keep wet, either by liberal,'.frequent
sprinkling or turning exhaust steam
into the mine,-.0A keeping it mixed
_?_?___&___.fin_e__soil_dust,_Jas_iPc._nr_*_:ct^r.__
Price's
Cream
fttfUHMI
1»J!0 from Wapo Cream of Tar*
ww-l absolutely free from alum.
Ftr   sixty years American   home
jj"^ have found Dr. Price'* Cream
Dam^g Powder a guarantee of light,
pure and wholesome food.
dust. Permissible.explosives should
be used as being less" likely.to start
a dust explosion than is black' powder.
Great "care should be "taken not to
have nor ,to ignite local pockets of
gas in a mine for fear that this, might
ignite the dust \   *„
The influence of stone dust ln preventing or checking coal dust explosions' is being-carefully considered lm
Trance and other European countries;
and in many mines the stone dust is
considered more effective than water.
In this country the stone dust has "not
passed.beyond the experimental stage.
But it is worthy of serious consldera-
tlon and a thorough trial. ' Many of
our mines have no steam plant near
enough to be effective, And in many
places tho water supply Is so limited
thnt even tho occasional sprinkling is
out'of the question. In all such cases
if tho uso of'stone dust cnn bo made
effective, tho solution of this problom
will be milch simplified. ,  '
Good ventilation and the proper .use
of permissible   explosives and safoty
lamps, and propor precautions In tho
"so of electricity nil tend to prevent
gns oxploslona.     Thoso   precautions
together with tho us-a of steam, or
wator, or stono dust, tend to prevent
coal dust explosions;  and tho tend-
ency of those modorn precautions Ib to
locnllzo tho explosions which thoy may
not nl,togethor prevent.,, >
General and Local Mine Explosion
A mine explosion may bocomo n genornl and n dlsnBtrouB explosion undor
oltlior of tlm following conditions: (a)
When oxploslvo mlno gases nro nllow-
*d to nccumulnto thoro mny bo n gon-
«nil gns oxploBlon regardless of tho,
condition or abBcnco of tlio conl dust;
(b) If the mlno Ib full of dry, Inflnm-
Jtmhlo dtiBt which   bocomoB   Ignited
from n blown-out shot or nny othor
cniiflo, wo mny linvo n genornl dunt explosion without thoro bolng any Kan
In tho mlno; (c) tho vontllailon mny
bo Biifflclont to Itoop nil tho gns out
of tho mlno oxcopt a Bmnll pookot In
nomo romoto pnrt of tho mlno.    This
good ventilation mny nlao dry out tho
coal dust throughout the mlno.  If now.
this locnl pocket of gnu Ir fired by nn
opon light It mny In turn Ignlto tho
dry conl dust nnd cniiBo n dust oxplo-
silon that will oxlonrt through nil parts
of tho mlno.     nut good ventilation
driving out tho bob nnd tho wotting of
liiu una* uutit or tho use of tho stono
(")u.*;l, _._] .<..... u ,v,ii./.o tho mino ex-
Plosion.    This especially I. apt to le
tlm cam. whoro Uio oxploslon Is a local
gn» oxpolulon, nnd lho conl dust doou
not becomo gcnornlly Involved on, ac
eral, facts seem tblndicafe that nearly
all.of the?men ia'the'mine' are.killed
either from the violence*of.the explosion or .from suffocatibii? at ."the time
of the explosion "or,within a" few minu-
tes^thereafter. y In such'.cases, hope
of .recovering' the men-;alive several
hours or several days."after the'explo-
sioniis '■exceedihgiy.remoteA
yBu't miners,are now coining-to un-
derVtandthat^efforts .will be made to
rescue:them;''and'they_wlll more and
more try to •protect themselves behind
temporary barricades. "^Materials"suitable for such barricades. should b$
kept in the mines. - Some" day we-may
have- a breathing" apparatus' so small
arid so cheap' that, every, ^mjner may
haveone of his owfc to keep In the
mlno? so that he can walk' out through
the? poisonous gases .whenever necessary. ;_ "  . - ,t ,.   .
*. Improved Rescue Methods
Some important lessons have been
learned in the last* few'years in connection with the rescue methods following a mine explosion. * I am glad
that'ndt a man was lost in the rescue
work at Briceville. And I* may- add
that I have never anywhere seen a
more.orderly and well-directed rescue
work.than that at Briceville,'nor a better class of miners.., The equipment
of the Bureau of Mines and tlie number of men* trained in, the use of the
helmet was entirely inadequate, and
as "a result the progress was unfortunately slow. r But*a few lives were
saved^"no lives were lost; the experi-
ence, gained wliybe-most helpful m
future work.
At the I-Ianna mine? In "Wyoming, a
few years ago, some'4.0 rescuers rushed into a mine in the hope of rescuing 15 or'16'minersyvho had been
caught7In an explosion; and-all ."of
the 40 rescuers were killed. * It is to
be hoped that'such an experience' will
never ;'be repeated'iii the history of
American rescue work. American
miners of today are just as brave as
those in any other 'country,, or those
ot any'other t_ine7bur_ they are learn-
ing.by, experience that there is nothing
to-be gained by rashness In mine rescue work. .
Under the new system now being
introduced, , men wearing different
types^ of," breathing apparatus are ex-"'
pected-to go into the mine in advance'
to, Investigate the condition of „the
mine, .adopt the necessary steps toward ventilation, and find and extin-'
guish. smouldering mine fires'; also
find and "rescue any* persons who may
still-be, living in the remoter portions
of the mine. ^ This modern type " of
rescue work is new;'it is still imperfect and open to improvement. It
frequently "arouses criticism on .the
part of those who,watch but do not
take1 part, in its. progress:* and- under
the circumstances this iscnot.to be
PILESCURED
^Writing fi^m Poplar; B.O.,'Mrs. 0.
Hanson, proprietress of tlie Commercial Hotel, says: VI suffered for years
with bleeding- piles.''" TKb pain .was soft
bad at times thatl could hardly walk,' ™
and ordinary remedies seemed utterly
unable to give riio any ease.. Finally
I decided to„ undergo an" operation,
and went to the Sacied Heart Hospital
in Spokane. Thero thoy performed an
operation: For a timo I was certainly
better, but. within twelvo montha the
-,,,.,  -3thing _
could think would be likely to do any
good, butt still I continued to'suffer,-
3"and the Bhooting, burningAstinginsei
pains, tho dull, aching, * worn-out'8
Jfeelmst that the,disease causes con-2
"turned as bad as ever.     ■   " j
"One day I read about __.am?Buk
and thought I would try it. vThe first
one or two boxes gave ino more ease
than anything else I hnd tried, no I
went on with the treatniont.   In, a J
short time I began to fool altogether!
different and better.   Well, I went on f
using Zam-Buk, and by tho time I had
UBed «ix boxes I waa delighted to find
myself entirely cured.   That was three
yearn ago, and there has been no
return of tho, trouble."
ayiseastiy Bore
,don't_jy6u.know/to be, com-.
"pelled-towork with some ""uni-
; "^ ber.'.. „tl.is' full of* knots'*'or';
'.■'. knot ? holes, the grain .doesn't.
•Tun'straight and-there are all'
'•'?' kinds of trouble.      '.'7.7.   ,
" *(•.**>     .'".A   "A ,. -a       7      *'   \~
It Isn't Our;;Lumber
;that works that'wayr "■; Glt^' os"
; your^ext"' order   and" you'll
.find it an "actual pleasure to
■work even" in the"hottest woa-
';ther.    .
..„..„.,       - ,    *- t> _,   _?       . . ,   „
« OFFICE and YARD,   McPHERSON  AVE., OPP. ok. DEPOT,   FERNIE -
Zam-Buk,la a suro cure for piles,!
, abscesses, erupt"
chapjped bands, varicose sores, burns.
a  — ,—    -    .......   vuio   lui   jJUfiOf
I eczema, ulcers, abscesses, eruptions,
I scalds, bruises, inflamed patches, and
Jail skin injuries and diseases. Drug-
| gists and stores everywhere, 60c. box,'
lor Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, for price.
Hotel Michel
A ^IVnchelfRC;
HEATED WITH STEAM ,
Lighted with Tungsten Lampa
;. Ostermoor Mattresses
7,7   ' Clean Linen     \     •-.",'
Pure, Food
Rates..
.'. ... $2.50 per day .
W. L. FOISYy-7 Manager
HOTEL
wondered at.' The, special, breathing
apparatus-of today is'heavy and cum-'
borsome and the oxygen supply, that
it carries 'does not last as long'as. It
should. Nevertheless, progress is br..
Ing made,!;,and the results ■ of each
year's experience will prove more and
more satisfactory aud encouraging.
Recent experience in this new type
of mine-rescue' work at Briceville and
other mine disasters has taught some
important lesson's; One of these ls
tlmt thero should be at every mine "or
every group' of "mines a number of
young mon trained in the use of mod-
erii breathing and rescue equipment,
who nre familiar with the mines in
that particular district; .also that the
men who nre trained In this work
should be ..actual . minors, men
thoroughly acquainted with the mining
conditions. They should he sound In
health und tliey Bhould be men who
are nol easily excited, but remain cool
and.thoughtful at tho time of greatest
risk.
but one half pf these were without actual experience, and not'one bf them
was familiar with the mining condi-"
tions In that region. A week *was
therefore required to accomplish re-
suits .which should' have been acconi?
Plishel in less'than 24 hours.
' With a general improvement of mining, conditions and the Increased efforts to prevent or',, limit dust explosions, r through sprinkling"',. exhaust
steam, stone.dust,,or ashes,;or otherwise," It is becoming more ■ atad' more
likely that exploisons which* may oc-
_cur_ln_sni*>^_nP_c,,/.V._^ . ^ ....
—— ~y --■'••*.«»-Fn.i.aui,_uus/-wiir
be/limited to certain portions pf the
mine. In such cases,, the chances
of men,escaping through other openings, or living in the' mine after the'
explosion for several days, by putting
up barricades in remote' parts of the
mine, will be greatly increased.
. While, therefore, all will, agree that
the most, lmportanytlilng'o'f all ls to
prevent mine disasters, we should also
in this connection endeavor as rapidly
as posslblo to improve "our facilities
for rescuing and first-aid work.
Uw •>"» ■■•*"*'" ^k«i4 'iiv. 1, in u jiurt or nil
of tho tlmo.
Localising th* Exploilon Inertaiat
Uio <*.i«ncet. of Reieulno Mlnah.
in mi much cbbpb thoro aro ponilblll-
tleu of njon saving thotnM.vci by ro-
treating to tho romnf/» portion* of tho
mlno anJ nutting up bnrricadoa of
bratllro rlolh or oih^r materia! that
•will protect tu..n„ /igainut tho poison.
our ram» that may r<>«ult from an «■
c'«-ion In another part of tho mlno.
Wl'oro thc coal dust In a mlno Is dry
andi where tb* wplonio,. Ixtorrifri «*».
There Should, Be Trained Rescue Men
at Every Mine* or Group of Mines
Thoro should bo at every mine or
Broup of mines n sufflcionly large number of men equipped with the breath-
lng appnratiiB who con begin tho roscuo work in tho mino ns soon as tho
dlHastor occurs, expecting to bo ro-
Hoved or aided whon othor rescuers ar-
I'iVO,
Tho, moro training nnd oxporlonco a
minor has In this now typo of rescue
work, tho more'offIcont ho becomes,
and the moro ho can accomplish within a glvon spaco of tlmo; nnd tho
loss Ih tho risk of losing his own life,
nut ovon aftor a week's training such
as In glvon by tho Government mlno
roscuo cars a minor should bo prepared to tako part In tho roscuo work
following a mlno disnator, Undor no
ordinary circumstances, should a man
who hns hnd no training previously
Jn wonrliiK Uio holmot outfit, mnko a
trip to n romoto part of tho mlno filled
by poisonous f.n_o_; this Bhould bo
flono only by mon who havo alrondy
lmd such training for nt least n weok.
Tho numbor of mon trained and sup-
pllofl with modern roscuo oqulpmont
should bo rapidly nnd greatly Incraawd
In every Important conl flold. Within
a fow yonru more It la lidded this ays-
tern will bo carried forward to buoIi an
oxtont (lint In'thw pn«w> of «..Mt « »i.<i
aster ns that at nrleovllle. nnd wl-thtn
tt fow hours nftor a dlnnator, thoro
can ho riBw.mb.od thoro from BO to
100 men, woll trained nnd fully equipped with apcclal breathing apparatua,
nm also fairly familiar with ih* Immo-
nnno mining district.
With a forco of thia kind It would
bo posslblo wltbln a fow hour* to
ronch nil tho remoter portions of tho,
mlno. With tho prosont limited number of trained men In different parti of
the country thin U inipoaalblo. At
no disaster previous to tha. at Brlco-
villc Uvti we been ablo to brlni. U*
..ether within a ahort tlmo as ouny
»• * &ozn, fttpertonced and well-equipped nrnn. For a abort time hi Hrlce-
vllle, there wcr© aa many us 20 men
hJjo Lad son* trafnint with helmets.
The Lesson of Co-operation ■■
Another lesson for us to learn Is that
In all efforts looking to the health
and safety of tho.men, and the welfare
of the mining Industry, the active cooperation of all Interested parties is
necessary. , Minors and mine owners
may havo their propor differences con-
cernlng other mattors, but, ln everything relating to safoty those other'
differences should glvo way to hearty
co-oporatlon, and they should co-oper-
ate, 'each,with tho othor, to tho fullest
possible" extent.
Meanwhllo also many miners aiid
mln© officials can help this movement
by sending to tho Bureau of Mlnos a
statement of tholr practical oxporlonco
and difficulties in connection with tho
onuses of mlno accidents, mine fires,
and monns of provontlng the samo.
Doth operators nnd minors Bhould also
co-oporate with tho Stnto Mino Inspec
tors and tho Bureau of Mlnos In all
mntters portnlnlng to the welfare of
tho mon and iho welfare of the Indus-
try.
Tho existing rulnoiiB competitive
systoms undor which coal mining Ip
tho United Stntos Is based nt tho pro-
sont tlmo should bo changed, and tlio
prlco paid for coal at tho mines Bhould
bo such ftB will permit nnd Bocure ndfo
nnd efficient mining-mining unac
compnnled by oi.horvthlB largo loss or
wnsto of roBoureon, mining which can
have duo regard not only to tho safety
but alBO to tho health and comfort of
tho mon who toll underground anil
whoso labor Ib bo OBnontlal to the wol-
faro of tho nation, in my opinion all
thlB onn lie dono without adding ap*
proclably to tho burden of tho average
Amorlcnn cllla-en, without any increnBo
In tho prlco of cool at tho poor mnn'a
cotlngo, and without rlBk of any tin-
roaionnblo restraint of trado,
•>.-._.. v. _rk».iuMiv. economic
ConrilHonn
The oconomlo conditions upon whirl,
tho bituminous coal Industry Is banwl
In this country aro fundamentally bndj
nnd If we are largoly to decrease tho
Iosh nf llfo nnfl tr«i«»^ »» ...  ..
must get at and apply the ripmcdy to
tho tap root of the evil, by changing
these basic conditions.
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
.," -- ~' -  -f
.Every person likes-to be comfortable.     We have the latest
*""* design of steam heating appa-.
ratus in every room. „" Our menu
is the best. We guarantee'sat-
isfa'ction.".   Two blocks from C.
-P. R. Depot. ^ Old and new faces
welcomed.   .    ' ~ -'   y    -.    *.
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop."
A-'
Hair Dressing
Pool ? ;?:
Billiards,     a
'■.Cigars     . :'v "
■*.   y » "
Tobaccos*
Bowling Mley"
Instruments
..Just received,   a   shipment   of
EDI80N   PHONOGRAPHS,and'
VICTOR   QRAMAPHONES.
■....Hundreds of latest Records,
„' Violins,    Guitars,    Accordeons,
, Sheet Muslc,,,etc, etc.    -
MACHINE8  80LDON   EA8Y
PAYMENT   PLAN.
KENNEDY'S
DRUG AND BOOK 8T0RE,
New Michel
"THE REX ALL 8TORE."   .
Southern
HOTEL
BELLEVUE, Alberta    ..    .
,Every.'; ,, !n
.cony eni ence;
and s\'yX
attention
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook1
Best in the Pass
William  Evans,* Proprietor
The Gash
Grocery
Hosmer B.C.
1 ,
Specials
Royal HoiiNolinld Am ■>
Robin Hood nml \\ hfl
Purity Flour   „ »OUiwU
OrrttiROH, Vd«, fiOc n dozon
Now 28, SB, and 4Sc
Jnp OnthjfCM, per linx. .""*""" 6O0
Hulk i.'«, I'pjr, Wto > NowSBo
Kvoi-y pui'cliiiHw of 810 ruuuivos
A Bath Rug Free
E. F." RAi SAL,
Coleman
* -.. ?**
Liquor Co.
• Wholesalo Dealers in
'■" V       _ r
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
., prompt attention °
The Hotel
Lt A JL Lt A k3
gectfle Restorer for Men
Pnogpnnno|rMim..Mn,n.ra.int.. ho.lv
.,...^wui,r'iin2l'J.'"l!S!.'.»'"H
Ter Sala at Bleasdtirs Omg (_t«r»
Ut a Ledger Ad. work for You
Wanted
WANTED by tho HUlcrost Corpora-
tlvo Society, Ltd,, capablo manngor for
gonoral stjro; also thoroughly qualified l-ook-koopor. Apply, with rofor*
«nri.s"a*nrf anl-try <.rp«ct*.rlt to Joha fl,
Bowie; Scc.-Troa»„ HUlcrost Mlnok,
Alborta.
SMofy's Cvm
ttuwaiv aref* ceuattt, t\mn cotos.
hmw thb throat ano muaa. mcu_t»
One of the
Best
1
•_•
irim?r'i»tnri»»
iA>Kic.i*un_ti
C •_. __i.h_>iuh.ti        nop.
Lethbridfee, "Alta.
i
A. VAN OIRSEWALD
THOS, W. 00R8AN
Members of Uio VicUiia Heal
TEliUtc KxobRiige
Writ* t» for information about
hornet And investment* in victoria
P.O. Box 000,
Cor. Fort and Quadra. SatreeU .. r.A
,.*._ >
r\   r_
"_*A
*,M      v,
EiA-   *   *:
V
r-.
%-.-
•;■/"■     :'^:A-^:: ' -:Z!X:        "   :.    ~-'"^
"   ' ,-„ -A7A    *      .'   ■. *      ' ,   . • >    ,y -'
THE DISTRIci^ijSDGEB, FERNIE, ,B. C., APRIL 13, 1912.
....
PAGE FIVE
*.i-    ■ ,~ -i
IV'-1
SirWm:M^
ReSoyrttoO
~.    .7 ■       . .''?■.',* .'.->:'--} ■ y, ''-1 v7 .--?• ■*!  V% -  '   - : '■*" - y ',' ''..';"-""- *
Vy-;^' YBurden^Shp^iiti' beytlfio^XX
yyy ^SX'^the Industries      ;;"-
..
;   That the burden of workmen's com-
- pensation should be upon the,'Indus-
,,' tries and that mutual, Insurance ls the
• best plan are findings of Sir, William
' -Meredith In his interim report as commissioner to enquire into the-subject
aiid to draft a law for Ontario. A ', .
.  'Sir William notei*. that there are yet
.   to be considered, many subsidiary, but
very important questions and among
them the, following: ;,.    '.
- •*._?.   To what-Industries or employ-
' ments  the loss should  extend,  and.
-whether,'      ;,,       • y *   «.,
, *, (a) - As In most countries it should
;" be limited to dangerous occupations:
A(b)   It' should extend, as it does
under the British" Act, to the farming
, industry and to domestic servants;
.~(c)   It, should extend to establlsh-
,   ments In which less than a,stated
, number of workmen are employed.:   '
• ,2.   Whether there should be any and
. If so, what "waiting period,', that Is,* a,
period for which no compensation, can
. be claimed if the disability resulting
from,the injury: does not last beyond
' *u-, '"■-"-.-, '.""V  "■' , ■•'-.
(.     ..   Shall 'Carelessness Count? ,"
3.   Whether in-^any, and If so* what,
*■ cases the' employe should not be entitled to compensation, e.g., where the
Injury is the result of serious'and wII-
, ful misconduct on his part, or drunkenness or violation of, the law or of a
rule of the establishment.      . 7 .
4.* Whether ?tiie compensation pro-
_ - vided should be in lieu of the common'
, t law or other statutory right of the em-
, ploye against his employer.      .
5. How the Board should-be -.constl-
■ * tuted.      ,, " t-       **   _.       *„ '   , "
6. Whether the decisions . of • the
-,.Board shouid be final or subject to ap-
■ peal,* and if appealable'to what tribu-
•. nal the appeal shall He.   ,' "   » '.    •
,    Present Lav. is Inadequate .." -
.     "Sufficient progress <has,', however,
'., been made," writes Sir William,.."to
_I nrnminnl tl,*. n^nfnn.AH^,t,nt_41, a Ia ***_*.#.
-r---¥Tc__iiai_v—tu^?7nLtn.c_ii\.ui,=tum.—tiiTT-xavv, \jir
Ontario is entirely inadequate to meet
the conditions under which Industries
.   are now carried^ on, or to provide just
"compensation for those employed ln
* them who meet with injuries or. suffer
from occupational diseases contracted
•   In the course of their employment.
*'     It ls satisfactory.* to, be • able to say
-that there Is practical unanimity on
., this, point, and that those who speak
for the employers concede the Justice
- of the claim made on behalf of the employes that the industries should bear
the burden of making compensation.,
Tho employers,   however,'  contend
that1 the whole of this burden, should
not be, borne by them, but that the employes should share'it, and suggest as
a fair ^contribution by the' employes
10 per cent of the amount required to
providefor, the compensation.,?,
Tlils contention Is strenuously opposed by the employes, who' take the
position that the whole burden should
be,borne by the employers."    - *
The basic principle, that the burden
oi providing compensation be borne
by'the Industries being conceded, the
question arises as to what ""form the
legislation necessary to give effect to
it should take.    .. ...
Favor Mutual Insurance
Those representing they employers
who' have appeared before me favor
what Is practically a.plan of mutual
insurance under tae management bf a
6oard appointed by the. Crown, that
the Industries should be divided into
groups or classes, and that an annual
assessment should be made , by the
board,to meet the claims for the preceding year, each, group or class being
assessed - only for the compensation
for injuries happening,.in establishments within it, with "a special .^addl-'
tional assessment in all cases .to, provide a reserve fund "'''••   ,      .-,-',.''
This plan seems to be favored by
the representatives of-labor organizations, as will be seen from their statement as to the form which in their
opinion the proposed * , legislation
should take, which was submitted to
me. ,   '   ■ ,'.,   •     _-.
■ There being practically unanimity
on the part of the employers and the
employed as to these two main principle's* if" would seem to follow that lt
was-reasonable that they should form
thov.basis for' provincial*' legislation,
arid as at present advised I "shall be
prepared to recommend'a plan such as
Is proposed,yif,,* after careful and
thorough enquiry and" examination, I
am satisfied ."that it. is. "economically
into groups or classes'care;.will ;have
to be taken 1'n'the.selection!of'.those
.which are to form eachi group.: ■. A- -
It will also be necessary that a seal
be adopted according,to which the industries are to beVassessed." as.this
will, of course, vary.according to the
nature of the industry, and the hazard
tb»which the employes '"are i exposed.
The preparation of this, scale will require "much consideration,": and must
be entrusted to experts.       7 '•'
It will be necessary also in order
to provide for claims adringthe first
year, that a special contribution- be
made, and to enable an-estimate to be
formed of the rate of this contribution,
an'investigation'as to the pay rolls of
the industries within the scope of the
act and other enquiries requiring care
and time will be required. '
Commissioner Invites Assistance
I have thought it well to make these
references to the work yet to,be done,
and the principal points to-be.considered in order that the attention of
those interested may be directed to
them,,and that they, may be prepared
to assist me by such "suggestions as
occur- to them.in the.solution ot the
questions yet to be dealt with.
hydrogen and the: sulphide gases-^present, and thega's would be to a, very
considerable extent contaminated .with,
the fine dust from the ash and require
special washing "machinery before?*it
would be fit .for-.'the gas engines.,A ;"
"Then there would-be, of course,5 always the danger of very serious'ex-
plosionsv .In abort," the scheme is virtually impracticable. A
TO PURIFY THE BALLOT
IMPRACTICAL SCHEME FOR
, (        USING COAL IN MINE
□uuuu~uuu~
The commissioner goes on, to say:
Legal Machinery Simple and In- ,."
expensive '..',
Careful enquiry must also be" made
as to the probable cost of administration, and machinery must.be provided
for, collecting the assessments, and for
the Investigation and - adjustment of
claims, and this machinery must be
made as simple and inexpensive as
possible, :
Whether or not use should be, made
of tho municipal bodies for some of
theso purposes Is, I think, worthy of
serious consideration.
If., the Industries" are to be divided
LONDON - .April 8.*—According to
the opinion of practical and scientific
men, the mirier does not seem?t.o be
lri much danger from 'Sir \v?m. Ran-
say's scheme for his abolitions .His
suggestion, as'.already reported, is to
convert .coal Into power as It lief* In
the,earth. \> The idea is to drive a bore
hole Into - a stratum of coal, which
would be set on fire, and to convert
the gas as it issues into electric power
for distribution!over the country.',
- It is stated-that Sir Hugh Bell has
placed at Sir* Wm. Ramsay's disposl;
tlon a small stratum in Yorkshlre^for.
the-purpose'-of making an expermerit?
Professor Arnold, of Sheffield university/regards thescheme'as virtually'impracticable."    He says:
-   -.-_.* " * f*
''"It*Is proposed, I understand, to put
a bore hole down with tubes and set
the coal on "fire. Assuming" this to be
possible, '?the.-.first . reaction iwhich
would take place would be similar to
that of preparing coal gas bydlstilla-
"tiolTin"arTetorirwith~theT)roductionrof"
course, of gas arid coke, which wouW
form a sort of barrier between the air
and the unattaeked coal,   ,   ,  '      '
"Even assuming that you got power,
"from combustion and got "rid of coke
as soon as'the. combustion, had gone
on to any extent,.the roof above the
area where the combustion takes place*
would fall In and shut off the supply
of air to the remainder of coal. Suppose again"; that the Idea was possible,
tho shales which now constitute the
wasteheadps would also be set on
fire, and the gas obtained would require washing, to remove the very'appreciable quantities of sulphuric acid,
VICTORIA,,B. C., April 4.^-Ol'aiming
that more than five hundred names of
dead and absent persons were voted
in last Thursday^ election in Victoria;
Mr. B. J, Perry, an attorney, and one
of the defeated candidate's,' is ■ said
to be contemplating taking action? that
will upset the result.-  ,    ,''
It is claimed that no regard was given to the decencies governing the polls
arid that men long passed away, whose
names still remain on the votersf list,
were recorded as voting. '*
' Mr. Perry is the man,' who, as an
aldermanic candidate last year, upset
the whole city,council because of the
discovery of an agreement for the sale
of votes by holders. " This necessitated special legislation and a'new election. ''*.',' '      *
Mr. Perry is a lawyer with a determined nature, but does not now practice his. profession.' His. own position In the parliamentary race, cannot
be improved, as he": was at the foot of
the - list. ' - His. action, therefore, is
based purely upon a desire to purify
the1 ballot.       ;    . '   ~      *--    •
A BIT OF REPARTEE
"I think it is a grand thing to see
a woman taking in washing.. She's
far better than,her richer sisters who
spend their time taking in men," declared Father Vaughan in a recent
analysis, of feminine tendencies. "
* "But," replies Ida Husted Harper,
"if'they don't take in, the'1 men,how
are theyr going to fulfill their' only
legitimate duties (according to Father
Vaughan) of wife and mother? Besides, taking lri the' men is usually preliminary .to? taking in the washing.
Then the washing is necessary to support -the man in order that' he may
prove the survival of the fittest.".
It Is the reverend father's next .move
and we shall await it with interest.—
Life    -7-     " -   "     . ^ A
WHY'DO  MEN STARVE?
"Why" do"men starve iri a land'of
plenty? '" ..Because tliey  don't- know
how-to---vote. A        ■■_   i
y^hy^doTtnen^go- raggedywhen^tisef
land'Is4'groaning with good .clothing?
Because they don't know how to vote
-, Why; do" nine men out' of ten pay
rent for houses? Because they don't
know how to,vote. '
-Why do men willing to work have to
beg the privilege of those who dp not
work?" Because they,don't know how
to vote.
Intelligent laws will create conditions thatnwlll enable every man. woman and child to live In what is even
called luxury today by the laborer of
the father or brother. But Ignorant
voters can never make Intelligent laws
nor know who can."   ' .
THE FUTURE
? .WRK
.A     *    i X -"
•*. • B. H. Chtozza Money, M.P.     ' '
' ~ ; In the London Labor Leader -
. No one,who is acquainted with modern machine production can fail to
have been struck with the extreme
facility with .which we can now fashion, material .commodities.. The scientist and the engineer have put plenty at our disposal If we care to have it.
It is not the fault of the inventor or1
the discoverer, that only about 4,000,-
000 men are - irregularly employed
upon, their* wonderful machines and
processes. That is obviously truo,
for a large proportion of the originators of modern industrial processes
are dead, and their inheritance is
the common property of mankind.
.Even as to the living Inventor, we
arevcareful to put a ,very short limit
to his,powers of monopoly, ' The inventor of the incandescent gas maritle
is happily alive, but any man can now
employ .cheap labor to turn out more
or, less Imperfect examples of his great
invention without paying him a cent. s
■ There is no secret about modern machine industry. The great body ot invention is at our disposal with which
to produce pleritifuIneSs, arid every
year the patents of living, inventors
are expiring. *    ,
To .visit, a inodern clpth'factory'or
cycle factory, or boot factory, or furniture factory, .Is to witness operations
which win from a,vwonderful complication of devices arid a division of labor
between "machines made for sectional
purposes an extreme simplicity and
rapidity of output. Each part of a
boot or cycler however'small and seemingly, insignificant, is turned out by a
specialized machine at very small cost.
The accurately and beautifully made
parts are, put together, and ,the total
labor exerted In, making one boot or
one cycle is marvellously sinall. Looking at boot machines, we understand
that a very limited number of them,'
worked by a small fraction of the
working population, could easily make
more boots in'a year than our entire
population .could wear out in several
years... Looking at' a cycle factory,
we, understand .that it would be the
simplest" thing" possible for a very lim-
ited'-number of people to turn out more
cyeW.than; there are people in the
country,to ride them.  ' '
s,  itis not manufacturing which is the
Stout Men
don't have the ghost of a show of being properly-
fitted, outside of the Fit-Reform Wardrobe.
pIT-REFORM is the only highclass tailoring
f* organization that carries Suits created,
designed, planned and tailored, expressly for
Stout Men and Large Men.
TJERE are Suits not only in unusual sizes—but-
in patterns and effects' to harmonize with
unusual figures.
Facts
I
cerning the Future of
Athabasca  Landing.
1,   Tho J'nfct ol! il, l.fiing tho.tlntoway to tlio Lust Ucst West.
* 2.   The fact of il boing llio (lintrihuting point for lho Gvnml I'niirio
nml Peace IHvor Country. '   7
3. Tho fnct of it bohiB tlio wholesale nnd mnnui'iielnriii-f. centre for
iho Grand Praivio and Peace Kivor Country. ,
4. ThoYuct of it boinff tho Divisional Point of ihe U. N. I., i'roni;,
both Kdmonlon nnd North Haltleford; 0. P. lt. from I.dmonlon,   nil
tho othor from Willcio to T_loydii.ii.Htor and Alhabas'ii LnndiiiR.    -
(Tho government is giinrnntceing theso linos nnd mon. which nro
under construction.)
5. Thc fact of it being situated on the Athabasca l.iver and in
tho contro of tbo greatest mixed farming country.
ti, Tlio fact of its Natural ]_..sources; having 3,000 miles of navigable wator, largest deposit of asphalt and tar sands in tho world, natural gas in abundance, coal in largo qunutiticn, limestone, iron ore,
oil, pulp wood, millions of acres of tho best farming land, The
H. P, T.,, lui* 70 sfiunrn miles of timber limits nrt thn Athabasca l.iver
fluid its brnnoboH,    There nre throe Inrpro. saw mills now in -.perntinM
nnd working night nnd day.
i,
7. Thc fnct of tbe groat fishing industry.
8. The fact that there in over ono hundred thousand dollars,', worth
■■«..    * <* it /I /. ,1   I. *•.%•.«_   flnrtMhUy
...    <«-.«   * .   >    »«    ■    *   -■-_-.   1  '      w-
The fact that it is the best investment in Western Cnnndn, so
got in on the ground floor.    Prices ndvanco 25 per cent in April.
TO. The fnct. that you can buy lota in the best residential section in
Athabasca Landing, with a good guarantee, from McCUTClIKON
BI.O.S., Fernio, I?. C, at rcmonnblo prices nnd easy payments.
OFFICE OPEN EVENINaS
v-
569
CTOUT MEN can get Fit-Reform Suits of
^   guaranteed quality and fit, from $18. up.:'
TrouDi.cto~tue_nair.ii-rctuTerr^iris;no-"
the,work of his factory whiclTworrles
a manufacturer. ^ The manufacturer's
trouble? 1st.this, that it is so easy to
make things and so difficult to"* sell
them.1, .It- is^to selling and not to
making that ■ the * manufacturer has
chiefly to :nddress his mind, From
the point of view of economic production tho man who makes boots is a
valuable worker, while tho man who
takes orders" for boots and perhaps,
hy his skill in representation, takes
an order'.'away from a man who sells
better? boots, counts for nothing, or
worse,than nothing, as an economic
agent. To the manufacturer, how-
over, tho boot worker ls a commonplace object,who can easily be replaced, whllo,the successful salesman is
all In all. - It Is an Inversion of proper
economic conceptions which goes to
tho very root of tho problom of poverty. ,7
Tho efficient mncblnory which has
been contrived lo meet tho ncods of
large-scale • production of ovory sort
nnd kind Is, as wo linvo neon, worked
by a small proportion of our population    Yet oven whon thus Indifferently nnd partially worked tho mnchlnoi
Tmvo but to keep going for a brief
porlod nnd domnnd Is overtaken.    Al*
nnifit ns soon ns the wheels lioxln   io
run freely tlio.brake must porforc,. be
pur tn them, for luck of buyers to r.im-
ir.nnd tho products which cnii so onsily
bo made.    Tho machines aro run, no',
with tho ohjoct of producing goods in
plenty, but with tho object ot reducing
costs In coimoetlon with a known or
nn ostlmnlcd domnnd. In effect,' ovory
machine Is run to make ono thing nnd
ono thing only, nnd thnt Is Indlvldunl
profit,    Thnt profit can only bo secured out of lho trndo which offem.
Tho trade which offorfl nrlsos from tho
limited consumption of n community
tlm rnnsn of which conslHtn of wago
laborers, paid llttlo more than    tho
hnro cost of renting a poor homo nnd
buying fuel nnd fond for Hh (nmnlcs.
Ti run the mnchlnoi. frooly nmlor suoh
.•iiiH.l1lo.iii Is to nttompt tho Im.'uJ-
aliiln     Kncli mnniifnoturor, In offnet,
nonlOH ciislomors lo ovory othor rnnnu-
facluicr.    Each Is succoasfol In ptit*1*
In;, a hrnko upon l lie maoliln<-r.' of
cvo'-y othor,    Tho lint worker cu:iiot
afford to buy the hoot ho rociulrmi,
winch can so canlly be made by the
boot  workor,   Tlio hnnt  wnrkor mil-
not nfford to buy tho lints ho roqulms
which* cnn so easily bo nmdu by tho
hnt worker, Nolther of tboui can torn-
TKe Crow's Nest Trading Co.
shopkeepers are appalling ln tholr
number. But whether they succeed
or. fall, upon every article thoy soil
must load on a big gross profit. When
therefore' tho wage earlier takes Ills
poor wage to markot, ho has first of
all to provide a living for middlemen,*
whose living may bo as bard to got
as his own,.whllo both suffer from
the waste of tholr labor.
Thero Is ono certain way of getting
vory littlo o*ut of the scramble, nml
that is to bo one of the producers. So
long„ns a man Is content to romnln a
useful economic producer ho ennnot
becomo even moderately comfortable
If ho Is worldly wlso bo will,reason
to hlmnolf. "There Is only ono way In
which I cnn got a cluince to mnko nn
amplo subBlBtci.ee, nnd that is hy ociin-
Ing to mnko goodB nnd 'by entering
upon one of tho paths by which I nan
mako, not goodfl, but profits."
"Getting on" Is rnroly or never iioh-
siblo for tho mnn who continues honestly to mako lints, or furniture, m
boots, or carpets, or upholstry, nn a"
Mitt In Inrgo scalo economic praline*
tlon     Can wo wonder, thon, If nn In*
un-iislnKly lnrgo proportion   of   the
| population has ronllwul this, nnd linn
niniH. what Is, under lho flrcum*<tan-
coh, tbo wise derision to dcBovt pio-
ductlon Tor ono of tlio paths of profit?
When  thoro  Is n.iltliar comfort nor
honor lo bo got out of tho hone, t work.
need we wonder If «o mnny of n. prefer to llvo without worljlim?—-Ht'o IM
lor course In nl lonsl less WmiIv to full
Hum tho formor, nnd offers no miipy
eul-llmo opportunities'
Ro It lri thnt tho InvenlorH, tlm iH''ti-
Hsu nnd tho engineers hnvo romplfllo-
ly failed to mako tolerable, tins lot of
tlio common pinn, tt wm In 1 ^2S Hint
fioorgo Btoplionson rnn "Tho itockflt":
to*dny, eighty yonrs nftor, tho went
mnBs of thn Tlrlllnh pooplo nro unniilo
lo Irnvol nny consilient Mo dl«lnm*fl In
tlielr own country by I'.illwny, for thoy
,. ■ , , T *l*t I
■\ «*.*»JU.    »-_4i/44«     *,..      _..,*.. * •'        .......
rlil.*. V.i ii' ml.'
fruits of'the earth, as multiplied and'
harvested by machinery.
ls It necessary for so much work to
produce so much pain? After taking
so much trouble to facilitate, production, does It pass tho wit of man to organize our labor to better advantage
than Is shown Jn tho wretched material Increment wo have examined, mado
to he enjoyed chiefly by thoso who do
not produce lt? Is It really moro difficult to persuade a people to uso machinery properly thnn It Is to Invent,
tho machinery Itself? Must It be said
of civilized man thnt ho can analyze
tho light of Slrus but ennnot Bhcltor
nil his children—that ho can achieve
.scientific miracles, but Is baffled by
tho commonplace?        >
WAGE8 ON F.AILWAY8'
IN ENGLAND
A. board of trade -report Just Issued
contained statistics"relative to wages
on rallwayi..    It appears from tho roper; that on rnllwnys, other than flloc*
trie*, employes   are   usually   slx-ilay
workers, Sundny duty being pnld for
ns cvorllino, or equivalent time Klvon
off during the week In lieu of payment.
Tho numbor of male tlmo workers p.iUl
wares In tbo Inst pny week of 0"K.*
bor, 1007, Included In tho returns  Ir
401,137, nnd lho nvernge rnto of wages ns follows:   Adult workmen, nvor-
ngo wages, 21s. •id.: ludu nml boys, lis,
ftd.     On electric railways Iho m'o ot"
pny iippeiu'H to hnvo boon slightly bottor Hum ordinary railways, llio onrn-
lugs b.'lnp, for niotormon, PiSh, \M.-,
iiioi'linnlcH, P»fii«. fc'l.i  H-l.-n.il men, '.lis.
lid;  plnio layers, 28s. lOd; conduc*
t_,r», 2Ik. 7d.
CANADIAN BUREAU OF LABOR
Tl.O'P.ovliirliil dnvornmoiH of Now
Hrunswlclr has 08tabllfil.od n lluro.iu
-ild Ji" the rMV'.'-v' ' i in'hut t
,r r.,
0.
at Coventry, nnd at Coventry evoi;y fno
i tory .vours out men ami women iwtor-
ly shod, nnd with lri.lli.oi-o.it ho.ifigonr.
As for the product which Is .".finally
turned out, nnd supplomontod, ns wo
hnvo neon, by (ixoIiiiiikoh with tho peoples of foreign land*. It Is scrambled
for by a host of uiic-onomlr agents
,--'* cm
,.i'i
-i
■   7  I
:   "H
fie  jirf.V'ieVil  ni-f-etflr'"
locomotive, yot todny tbo inn.pon nro ' j."0r hoioo  tliiw the  c,ov« viuuoi.t  lutu
... , „   .       i     . '<in'y acnunlntoil with slonmshlpn wlwi 'been ponslilorlnu Mich a Atop and tho
,,!ai,J.ll?.CJ'C,t!.S fi0.::i,",,y t,,r"C,1.?Ultthfl nro driven Into omlgrntlo,,.    \V«) pnHsngo of an order In council come*
poise**.* In electric traction lho menns \' m <_ romilt of potltlona nnd rcr.ii>«iu
considerable and healthy areas; thej Ttl.Ml„.l0r,0f the bureau will Iiu hide
pooplo romnln huddled In their t.rlmy , eonminK „nd puhllshlng Information
towns, n proy to -IIhomu.. Wo nrr. olio . r(.]rjVnnt t0 ,ohor orBan|MUoii. Inclu.I-
of tlio fow great rotil nations: ye. fow j ,nR tfw niimh^r of jrM,„ .,„,, womrn
of our peoplo cau nfford to warm lliolr <!n„,|oy(.,i( ,fu. ,l0lir- oattmvd, nnd tho
houses properly, fn the blttorent win- * „,,„,,. of vneri< ^elyed.     All labor
™l?ta.2n   I" ,M I'/   ,!m,;,J ,«!!!!* ■,tT WOaU"'r n,° KT'M im °f °lir rf'° i 'lif Hemes ami strike*. »« well a. tha
modules as It flows throitf.Ii the roun-, p*0 Rrt fo1l1 1o t>0t* *„ unwnrmed lied-
•ry' ' l-ivnw*    iVftln bnvo boon (ho nirlvlnp*1
FOE MORS FACTS SEE
MeCUTCHEON   BROS.    FERNIE, B..C
relftllnn r>t Jil>or tn e.ipl(*)l   ivill <-omn
rooms.   r\'»m bnvo noon the «trivlnr« , „|lfj4.r tIl<. j,,,,,.,^,,,,,, ,lt ,»w |llllt.Bllt
j    Tho ease of tea, lo which I havo ro-1 of tho mont iflftod of men.    The inn' i tt.>10i,(,
. ictrci In the-M? jiSKe*. in l)j.ical ral'itT y-)t\tita tboy Isave r-«n_tru(tod hsvobut
than otcoptlonal.     To ttikt* roiiillli._,  rrontod n now rac*. of inaohlni- nlnvos.
.nloiic, the average nhopkoL-t^r cannot am! mnko It im.s«11i1<> for nn Inrrcniilni:)
Jlivo on * *rom profit lea* than from ! proportion of rli-lllfod men to live tn* i
* :.i» to R0 por com In the e*.«^ of food*, MmeloM work,1 whllo litx»rfttlnj{ enilfelv •
Ills r«4-tll profit mar l»» InnlRnlflrant.', tmm work, nieful or tt.*lew., n HinltfMl.
'nl often ft to.    Tho failures among;telsuTa class, which alone enjoyi tho,   gfOrSC-0UC1.3""icZJ"*r*"hT»
no.li eotiimencos Imniodlntely,
j under (,-l.ariro of a «omml»»lot,( r
Shilohs Cure
y\\
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PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C.; APRIL 13,
Mitt Mbltict £&ta$$s
.Published every Saturday morning at' its office, Petlat Avenue,
Fernie, B.C.    Subscription $1.00 per year iriadvaiice.r   An excellent
advertising medium,   vargest circulation in tfre District. . Advertising rates on application.  ., Up-to-date facilities for the execution of
.  all kinds of book, job and color work. -  Mall- orders.receive special
*'«attention.    Address all communications to The District Ledger.
■''•■■■ '*.."«     A     H-.P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No.,48.    ... ■ -  v A ."       /    =■! "Post Office Box No. 380
THE ENGLISH COAL STRIKE AS AN EDUCATIONAL FACTOR
THE Coal Miners'1 Strike-in Great*Britain'can-now be said to have
ended, and full stock may be taken of the net result. * .That full
vi.-tory lias not been gained by theiinen'must, perhaps, be "admitted,
y. but apart from the shillings and pence question, is there no other
viewpoint to lake? - Capitalists'may say No! but Socialists will <(bc<,'
', ' to differ." The educational factor must not be lost sight of. and ns
such the seed has been .sown for a growth of inestimable value to the
workingman. Not only will lie alone reap the harvest, but the middle
man, and even many of the idle rich will gain much from this experi-
• enee. The exiensiveness of-the'industrial tie-up has been followed
and watched the wide world over, and .has caused more-people-to
think and discuss the problem as it has never done before. It has
been an absorbing topic of conversation in quarters "where the lot of
tlie worker is not usually discussed, and various panaceas for the ills
-  ofthe body politic debated.    Some, society dames, we are told, have
been even studying political economy in the light of recent events,
and readily admit.that it will be better for the world when the mass
of the population are in the enjoyment of a higher level of well-being.
' Even "aristocrats" Jiave been bold enough to advocate co-partner-
' ship, one going so far as to retire from a directorship of the Duffryn
Steam Coal Company of* South "Wales, because he could, not prevail
■upon the company to apply its.principles to that undertaking.     The
'wiseacres realize that their position is unsafe, and that some bone
must be thrown to the miner to, stop him from barking a little while.
There are "still.others among them who feel that the present system
. is all wrong but their material interests are too great,' and, therefore,
' fight for their very existence.     The strike just over has been   the
,    most costly in England's history, and some of,her nobility will have
less money to squander this year. ' Yet we do not believe thev will
suffer anywhere near as much as the striker and his familv have done.
-They will not feel any of his hardships and privations.    At the' worst
,    the nobleman will have to forego a trip to Cario. or perhaps have  a
.    few thousand dollars less to squander at Monte Carlo.    He will then
have*'a taste of the bitterness'of ,''poverty." 'Too bad! - *   -
,   s As far as the minimum wage is concerned, iflooks very much
"minimum/'   The Asquith government at,the eleventh hour funked
-.bucking against the„interests; and washed their hancjs by palming it
-■off on to district boards.    J\re in this country have'had a full share
of '.oinmissions, conciliation boards, arbitrator, boards] etc:,-and*know
 t.llfrT* full   wm-fh,*       Tliia Ty.l. awon'torl   jg  irirlooj  ?.   pOOr. SolutJC-l  cf'tHc
- problem'confronting the coal miners of Great Britain iri their strug.
" gle for existence. ' The fact that it'was left to the two opposing;part-°
ies in each district is.nothing further.than."as you were." - The
same contentions, disputes and discontent is .sure to. arise, and the
* provision of an arbitration clause in case of disagreement can be of
■ no benefit to the miner, as we know, what little satisfaction can be
' gained from such bodies. That; the bill is no solution to, the difficulty must he perfectly evident to anyone who has given tho matter
the*slightest thought., The miners can never be satisfied to work under such'conditions.- Even were the'seeds of Socialism not being
sowu they are bound to see that they are not getting the full product
of their toil. ■ Economic,necessity is the force that is driving them'
to see this, and thoy cannot be satisfied until they get it. Had the
result been different, and they would,have obtained all their demands
t! t day of reckoning would have been a little longer delayed, but as
it happens tliey go back to the pits discontented and bitter in thoir
I iarts towards the existing order of things. Perhaps it is better, so,
for the more oppressed and downtrodden they* are the quicker'tliey
wilArealizo that their only salvation lies in the overturning of the
system whereby the producer obtains the minimum and tho master
tho maximum. ,
the laboring meh.; |Socialism.has.time out' oi,'number'been attaefce'd'
by them, but trade unions,have; be'en,Af.noVsup^
strictly alone.-  -The step'Arehbishop'Bruchesi'iias taken will without
a doubt be resented by his^fcrtlowers.^
priest can lead his flock whither he pleases. ^'■'■In-religious matters*hV
may still have, a'Tiold upon them/but1 when \he;butts'-*iri:in>v',!bread
and butter" question-he will be told to,mind-nis,bwn.*business.; The"
Province of Quebec today is not what it, was,-say ten years ago."' The
members of tl_e-\Catholie' Church? are .'gradually -throwing off their'
chain's and willxsoon extricate themselves^'from/their enslavement to
the church, 'That, they may still be-good'churchmen may be~.but*
the priest will no longer, control their'actions outside .'of the. church.
THE TOWN OFFRAtiK
"P(I_ANK, "Alta., .has, been, condemned as being "unsa're owing to "the
** possibility of another slide of Turtle* Mountain. The.Commission in its report says, inter alia:.    A "'"   - •      ■ ,      'A
(1) The townsite.should'be abandoned and the risk to the'proper--
ty of the Canadian Pacific;Railway'assumed.' ,(2) Tlie present entrance to'No. 1 (drift) mine should be abandoned and the mine* should
be operated by deep levels from thc shaft mine'or from an opening
at the extreme southern end of the property, iri'tho vicinity of Hillcrest. ,(3) Unusually heavy pillars should be left throughout the
danger area, particularly iii the upper levels, and not'more than 50
per cent of the coal should' be extracted. (4) The excavated areas
should be packed.      A '    ' •.      A     .
, Tt however makes no mention of assuming the property of the poor
workingman. A wealthy corporation like the C. P.' R. must, of
course, be protected, but riot so the poor laborer. Men who have been
living.in.the townsite a number of years,'who have scraped and'stint-
ed themselves,1 their .wives and children "to get a little home together
are now tb lose their all. * Where is tlie ustice of it? The town of
Frank is not so large as to'hamper or cripple the government's finances were it to come through, and compensate the small owners." It
would be more just and equitable than assuming.the property of the
C. P. R. Both the Dominion and the,Provincial Government should
come to an arrangement whereby the small property-holders in Frank
will not, be the "sufferers.        ■■   -'    ■ *' •.,.','
THE WORKER'S CHILDREN
These poor little souls are born,'amidst tears and suffering they
gain such love as'they may; they learn to feel and'suffer; they strug-
gle'and cry for food,'for air,.for the right to develop; and our civilization at present has neither the courage to kill them outright.quickly>
cleanly and [painlessly3, nor the heart-and courage and ability to give
them what they need.- They are overlooked'and misused. They go
short of foOd and air; they fight their pitiful-little*battle foiylife
against the'eruelist odds, and^hey are beaten.*; Battered, emaciated,
pitiful, they are thrust out of life, borne out of our regardless world,
stiff-little life-soiled sacrifices to the spirit of'disorder against which'
it- is man's pre-eminent duty to,battle." There/has been all the pain
in their, lives—there has been'the radiated pain of-their misery, there
has been th'eyvaste of their grudged arid irisufficint'food,"and all tlie
pain and:labpr bfptheir-mothers,/ind:all .the world" isjtoe sadder for
— —   — —— *«««-^»»««V«.^—**M. *   \J— J__L  *#■ \_>\^—
BarberShop  *"
Baths "■'
if
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and, Sandwich
Counter   '"
Hazs.wooci .Buttermilk
1 S.r ■■     "*■>
Victoria Avenue
( $ L
FERNIE, B.C. .,  Phone 34
-\J.—Y¥ CJUiS."
, THE CHURCH OPPOSED TO TRADE UNIONS.
T\ KL1GION is generally best kept out of,newspaper controversy.
**■ All journals and periodicals, with the exception of those that arc
spocificnlly see.traian, eater to the masses, consisting as it does gen-
orally of members of various creeds and denominations. Criticism,
of any particular individual church, therefore, may, rightly or
wrongly, give ofenco to a certain numher of its readers. Religion
is no engrained in certain minds tliat those cannot sec anything
but an attack on thoir church. Thoy do not rocognzio that tho criticism might bo just and rendered with a conscientious belief, and for
the best interest-of all. Occasionally it is difficult to refrain from
referring to action*, and sti.tomontH mado by certain leaders of the
church. „ A ense in point is tlie one with which we aro about to deal.
. Concerted action is beingijaken by tho l.omiui (.ntliolin authorities
in tlie Province of Quebec against, labor unions which have adopted
neutrality in religious mutters. Solemn warnings have been issued
to working men, pointing out Hint tliiwo unions aro liable t.,,oneourago
•.Socialism and gorlloHsneNs. ■ Archhisliop llnie.he.si, of Montreal,
tho head dignitary of thn Catholic Church in Humeri. Canada, mndo
a statement along these lines a fow days ago, and ho wns followed
by two bishops in that province who mndo similar iiniiouneementH on
the subject. Tho despatch further Htates that these cleric* saw a real
danger to Roman Catholic"working inbn of this country joining such
unions as fraternize freely with Socialistic and masonic groups. It
goes on to nny: "The Bishop of Shcrbrooko denounced trade unions
nnd contended in mimlrtrttM that unions are the houi'cc of thc pre-
sunt troubles in (Jrcal Britain, and thnt. iimtorid nf milling Hi., i.onj.lr.
they Kcpnrnlo them. Tito lordship'« stilt oh. mil fo m\(] to tie hwpiyr..
by nn attempt to form a enrpenlor's union in Hherbroolce."
What harm to the ehureli n Cnrpi-ntem' Union in Sherhrooke ean
bo is rather dificult lo understand. But this evidently was merely a
pour to hang his hat on. The ever existinc. horrev "aoeinliiui" l«
u-Jiut he is presuiiinhJy after, and by way, of getting at it ho must needs
attack trade unionism. If thc Socialists would hut make ono of the
planks in their platform that "the universal religion shnll ho Roman
Catholicism," tho church would doubtless give it a, full measure of
support. Socialism, however, hns nothing to do with religion. It is
purely political, and aa sucli wisely excludes religion from its discus,
xionii. Because n few lending Snein1i.it!. mny hnppen to he Atheists
in no reason why we uliould he branded anti-clerical... Socialism in
not opposed to the chureh m long as the fthureh does not itand between the worker obtaining thc fulfproduct of his toil. In thin in-
utance It in evident that the Church in tho Province of Quebec it op-
po«ed to the worker. It must ba admitted that th-» tr/ir... mUm h a
great factor in the betterment of the worker'a condition; then why
oppoae It If we mistake not this is tho first occasion in thia country
whew the head of any church haa come out boldly in opposition to
■ In the Seattle, election last* week the-Socialists feast 24,000 out of
the 54,000 votes.-- "Last year the Socialists polled only 4,800, but no
women voted,"at that time. The'vote in" Seattle this year ought to
give,plutocracy another shiver'down the^ine. ' Verily yoii can already hear the tramp, tramp, tramp.of the Social.Democratic com-
••■sonwealth ori the way!"' '     '  v      A • ,•'
It has-been asserted by charlatans'that capital creates values as
well as labor—the test can easily be made: The worshipper of capital may sweep together in a heap his capital, he may gather all thc
capital of the earth, and'after the space of a year tliere would not
have grown a penny more of value'from.it, but indee'd'the worth of
the idle mass would be considerably decreased. Capital k not merely the child of labor j it ennnot grow and continue without it. ■ Capital
has in relation to., labor no rights, wliile labor in relation to, capital
has tho right; of, ownership.—Prom "Socialism, What It Is," by
Wilhelm Liebknecht. 7 ' ■ '■
"Rumors are rife of possible action in tho,.direction of protesting
the election of Mr. J. .II* Place, tho Socialist member-elect for NaMi-
mo City, on the ground, among others,, that his nomination papers
givo his name othorwiso than it appears upon the provincial voters'
list." So reads a paragraph in. a .capitalist sheet. We .presume
that the "great and most important" error must have boon that of
a typographical one in the spelling of his namo, for'othorwiso leave it
to thorn to have mentioned it. McBride ovidently is,' not satisfied
with his 38 majority, a majority of 42 would have suited hiiii bottor.
Tho B. C. Government recognizing tho responsibility placed upon
thorn .by having such an overwhelming majority havo generously de-
cided that an audit committee should bo appointed to go'ovor the
Government estimates/and finnne'es.     Who will appoint tho Com
M*> I *_.L*V 1.  i
Feriiie-Foii Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
and
a       Porter
Bottled; Goods a Specialty
L.E. McDonald
HORSESHOEING
GENERAL    BLACKSMITHING
' , " . ,    v
CARRIAGE  BUILDING .
Express and Delivery Wagons a'
Speciality
a Water Motor: Washer
and Be: Happy
j:d. quail
Hardware
FERNIE
Furniture
9*
People's Poplar Picture Playhbuse
Torddy
S
I N;.G> E R
SWING
MACHINE
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WM.     BARTON
n
Aaront   V'ernle, Braiaoh
Pellatt    Ave.    North
Through Flaming Gates
The busy husband.   The gay wife goes tb .a ball.   The house
"burns.?Thrilling rescue of baby by firemen.'   Come and see the
finish.,----' A.-"      ,      •'   ■•   ,y   -' »'''Ay'"""-    ■        ,    ". ■
i   ^  ,        -       ~        *s >. _v_. ^ ,,
The Man Under The -Bed;
,'  Escaping convict seeks refuge in house.-. Wife is-afraid-to.-
'„, leave room for help.    Husband'arrives;-.wife locks door.  Hus-
fband gets suspiciioiis.^ .Come and lie in on'tlie finish.".,? l   '■ _/
Human^Eorpedb
.   Lubin Comedy. n Hoboe drinks can of maple* syrup thought?
,toobe„nitro-glycerine. , Bring along a' towel for the':tears (and
a bath), also splints for your jaws.....     *.cA  '^XX-■ ■"■      • <_
Ther Town Marshall i<K*
.   .'     "' y      v        *       "'''--.".       -      \      ;        -    •'•    '.
A., ° Two suitors iria'duel with blank cartridges!'   One loses
,        and beats it.    Grand finish.'   Nestor,Comedy.. - -1 .
Gaumont  Graphicts
What the-world is doing day by day. .   , ".,' - y
m^v^m^iimmmm
THE 8ILENT STRIKE
If the government of this country woro in thc hands of certain Con-
sorvalivo editors and scribes wo should soon bo in what theso samo
gantry tall "the throes of revolution." The conl crisis, amongst
other lungs, has resulted in a fine show of jacl.nl tooth and wolfish
rnngs by tho l.omlon and othor Conservative papers, "which at oloe-
lion times aro loud'in thoir claims,t.o bo tho working mnn's friends.
Hut at other tiroes, whon votes nro not required, .and the working
wnn dares to n«k for a bit of hi« own, those same friends of his show
t imr rotten old tooth with a vengeance nnd would tear him to pieces
.1 thoir power only c.pmlled thoir wish    Thoso partioulnr load-
«j and lender writers have been calling upon the government to com-
pel tho minora to work, to „rrest thoir trade union secretaries for
reason and heaven knows what besides, to play tho despot over the
oilers and practically reduce them to slavery. Yet at election times
those very snmo lenders nnd leader-writers HplnHh honrdings and
newspaper columns with statements informing tho minor how? free
..i*J J...|.|.> .«« i. in itniam, and thoy call upon him to shut his even
««a open his mouth and sing, "UritOM never shrill he slaves." And
tha poor, sily chap, who whon election day oomos round, Iin* for-
go ton how thoy talked of putting him in chains becauso ho wanted
daily bread and butter, opens his mouth and tin* like a  "Jim.
• Tb'u k\ « u*0!^t wuri(i that ovcr flvoh'^ from chaos to coal*
hedH. -Hen Adhem, in Liverpool Weekly Post.
THB PRICE OF COAL
The loiUIatuM Uit Minion orrt.irM
an InvcutlgtUon Into tlio price of coal,
but condcttnneo a reelprorltv trmty tnr
NimovJngr tariff Uxatlon from neca*.
•arlea of Ufa and to reducing th« eoat
of living, which ia one of t_w> main
factors la fixing the coat of coal. At
tbe coat of living .lata, t« it haa tmn
iJolnr, the workman mu«t h«v* htgtutr
wagea to meet hla Increai.ng expend!*
ivm. The operatora are not In the
bualaeaa for their health, and wh*o
iher bave en laemeed eoat of produfr
tlon thoy mint lner«ARO the coat to
the contumor If they want to avoid
bankruptcy. Thu coat of production
li further Increaaod by the preeau*
llotti. duuMded, and properly ao, for
the protection and iaf«ty of the mln*
ere, aa reacue equipment, and the coat
of giving to tbe varioua lawful reculre»
ntwtntor tho aafety of tbe employee.
"-"' G J,,n'n* »nd Engineering K*
ooci 	
Don't Forget the FootbullVi B»«
ket Social and Dance, April 22nd,/
LYTTON, April 6.—When approach-
•od and quoBtlonod regarding tho Impending return of irion to work on tho
tlio CNR, construction, Secretary
Whitehead of the I W W at this point,
which Ib tho central headquarters, for
tho Industrial Workors, oxproBsod du-
bouanoas ob to,tho numbor of men
who would tnko up their tools again,
but etatod that tf It lookod llko a gen*
oral roturn to,work that tho mon of
tho I. W, W might got bnck with tliem,
"nnd Btrlko on tho Job."
"Tho I.' W, W. Ih dlffbrent from any
othor unload Bald ho. "Wo officers
can't Bay what tho robn, will do. Wo
havo no moro to any about It thnn any
Individual mombor, It's nil dono by
voting, If thoy voto to go back thoy
will go back and It thoy voto to stay
out thoy, will Btay. out. Hut when I say
go bnck to work you must not understand tlift I mean thnt tl\o men will
glvo In to tho contrnctorB, If wo go
bnclc it will bd to ntrlko on tho Job. Tta
onsy enough to do Juet onough.work to
doflrf \i« -w*» rut. nlvrnyn jro tm lo ibe
noxt camp nnd got a job. Tho bonnet)
will Iobo moro monoy that way than
thoy will If wo atay out altogether and
boildes that thoy will grow grey head*
nrt wlt-h worry'it wh^i rsi^it !'i'--:; -
on the jobs.. You remember that tho
boitea ln tllono Eastern mills didn't
want tho strikers back. They wore
afraid of tho men dropping tools In
tho machinery or doing damage to the
material thoy wore working oft which
would mako moro loss to tbo twnera
than If the mills were abut down. Well
that la what may happ«n out _.«.« »
Free tolady Patrons-Beautiful Silver Spoon
For two coupons, issued Tues,, Thurs., & Sat, Matinee
Don't Forget Saturdays Matinee
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
ness.and Residential property
W. M.JEFFRIES
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
Engraving
. >- ** '
High class selection of
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
PRICES TO SUIT TEE TIMES
/
McCUTCHHON JfROft., LTD*,
;,' yy y        incorporated
'OTTAWA, April 5.-rTbe Canada
QmWl»$)*WM notice" of Uw Ibcoi^,
poratioa of MeCoteheon Broe. LW^ of
Calgary* "*•■.* * «ap(ta1 stock of half a
mUllon. Tl»» company win carry oa
a gtaaral land boiloeaa.
y
Special Saie of Flatware
Bono-handled Tea or Dinner Knives, at $1.25 per half doi.
1835 Wallace Bros. Tea or Dlnnor knives, $2.00 per half dot.
Mi Dot, only Dinner Knives, bei_t plate, 11.76  *
V» Dot. only Toronto Sliver Plate Tea Knlvos, $3.26.
1847 Rogers' Bros. Dinner Knives. (2,00 per half dos.
"Rogers' Best.Plated Table Spoons at 46c, each.
Wm, Homer* and Bon Table apoona -)./.!> per halt dot.   ,
1847 Rogeira' Bros. Table Spoona, 12.76 per bait dog.
1»47 nog-M*'' Broil. IWdflrt flpoonn fJ.,*.". per hf.lf dos.
Tea and Dinner Forks, best plate, f 1.75 per hnlf dot.
Wm. Rogika'and Bon Dinner Forks, 11.60 per half dos.
Wm. Rogers* and Son Al Tea Forks. $1.76 per half dot.
A.C.  LIPHARDT,   JEWELER
Try a District Ledger Ad. ,- &*'-A -T*- f-'*'1-'-''1?'
-;-".'.-li:tf.,^'*■'-..
- -,' ~i
T-V-Sa
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i.;:'»    . *,,-\
raE^iSTiUOT..LEDGER, FEBNIE/; B. 0.,?AP#IL 13/ 1912.
PAGE SEVEN
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-    :-*.i, *.,,•   ?-*..*--,„ ...
; A, dance was held; In * the Bellevue
Socialist Hall on * Tuesday last. The
• music waa* rendered by the Coleman
- Orchestra. The dance was organized
by the Bellevue boya.    *"       "   '»   '
-. Miss Mu'shkat gave a good address
iii the Socialist Hall on Saturday last
on-" the' subject of "What, Socialism
Really Is.'     Tho "-chair was-taken by
Mr. Clem Stubbs, and a good crowd
turned out to hear tho only lady Socialist organizer In- the West. .
A practice match was .played on the
f football field on Saturday to  test the
' capabilities of the players for the pre-
■ sent season;     The, referee was Mr.,
George Coupland. - ^    ^ «    .
y Th'eRev. W. H. Irwlri preached .two
sermonsaon Sunday-last; at the morning service, the subject wasA"ConsI-
der the .Lilies," 'and In the evening
- "The* Resurrection -Life." Atythe
morning service the Holy-Communion
was administered,' of. whichJ a good
- number partook.. After the services
the vote was-taken as to whether the
have* given.'John .a' bag of;.Old Chum
to even things "ap' a*, bit.: 7""- "* ■ -.
"The *late "postmaster,,'R.^W....Rogers
and-family left on Friday1'for' Prince
Rupert, where, in future/they will reside."'- Mr .Rogers, we'understand, is
going into the .real estate business.
The good wishes ot the, residents of
Hosmer and district will follow' them
to their new home.     '*    *
Tho foreign speaking residents of
Hosmer have been keeping caster \xi
great style. TheV had a dance at the
Queen's Hotel on Easter Monday and
all thoroughly enjoyed themselves.
Some of their English-speaking friends
are getting quite adept at talking Slav
etc., but when it come3 to saying
Neiirasthennlpineskelesterlzo — they
get tongue tied.
A meeting was held on Friday last
to organize a football club, when the
following officers "were elected: President, A. L. Fortler; .Vice-President,
S.W?,Lawsoi_; Secretary, W."tBalderstone; Treasurer, A Price. -'Messrs.
Hamilton. Noodle;. Maltman,.' Wallace,
Cooney, and Symonds were appointed
as a'working committee, It was,.decided to Join the Crows Nest Pass Lea-,
gue and that the club's colors be'white
shirts and-blue pants.  ' Another meet-
three greatest Protestant churches of jing _'b called for Friday, when, the com-
■Canada should unite,,, and,, the result mittee's report will be read. .'.■■ _"
ll--
was unanimously In favor, of union.
On Sunday night"there ,'was" the'larg-'
est congregation 'since the present pastor has been here.  .       ,.---   "■'.*-,-
The Bellevue Band held* a; musical
.concert on-the old?fo6tbairficld oa
Sunday afternoon. ' The "sun'was out
in'full splendor, but-'.'the wind was
, strong and it was hard for the,players
to read "the music. But taking,all, iiito.
constderalion, it promises a good time
Tor the people of 'Belleviie.,this-sum-0
mer. . ,A. large."crowd, turned ,out to
' hear them.-,, '   ' * ?,   • - ' .     ,,
,. The "Bellevue ^un,'Club visited Pincher Creek on Friday last and beat the_
^ome club*.    .The4members who-went
from Belleviie were'I^rank^Boseley,
7 Tom Burnett, Sergeant- Bowers; Mr.
Murry.and Mr... Hughes.*', *' y j- y
The. Band Committee has decided
to hold a basket social - and* danceTJ'n.
"ftieTSocialist, Hall., on Monday,'- April
L'22nd.7 The band is in need bf funds'-
to furnish them with'instruments, and
it is hoped that all the ladles of the
■ camp will rally up with' the baskets.
It Is a sure thing that the young men'
■ will bejthere with ,th4-pleasant, smile"
and lots of dollars. ', A- good supper
'will be served? ' S' -    -' ' y '
> •■ •        .,,.'■
'   A case was brought, up at the Police
Station on: Tuesday, last, between' an
engineer.and fireman'of the Bellevue
mine.  -The fireman stated.that after
- a quarrel they had outside the engine
" house the engineer pushed him oyer a
' heap of ashes, but they were In a muddle ,ns to,, the date, and the case waa
, dismissed.' < The fireman 'afterwards
left the camp. -   v ' -.
'   The Bellevue Band, are now open
for engagements.  „'All,who require
good music apply to G, W.Qoodwla,
band master,* Bellevue..
T
..A grand masquerade ball was"held
in'the Opera House on Easter Monday under the auspices' of the Local
Knights of Pythias? ."and proved .to be
a jjreat success. "The costumes were
an eye-opener for a town of Hosmer's
size.      Dancing ' commenced   at  9.30
p.m., about 50 couples taking the floor.
The costumes^were^,varied and many;
..'.ty   that   prizes 'couldn't  be   provided _ for  all'    The" following .were
the prize' winners':   '- Ladies, -best cos-
tune, -Mrs.D GJWilson" (BritanufaV;
gentlemen, best costume, Mr. Lowering (George Washington); best-cerie-
ral^costume, Mr. ST. Keir - (John Bull).
"Xinongst the other costumes worthy of
mention were ,.__. Tramp,' Siinny.Jim,
Uncje Sam7Alabama .Coon, Spanish"
Ladles, Chineses and Japanese.GIels,'
and.•lady in,.costume,'oM7th century.
The music was provided, by.Mi.'s*'P.5
"Ml-iIa.t*andTir. jyireson.  ,; Refresh-'
ments were served in the interval, and
altogether the affair must be written
down' a great success and , cred'l" to'1
the local K. P's. 'The contingent,from
Fernie, who received a ,warn_ arid cordial reception,-consisted''of Mr. ^and
Mrs; F. Vance,  Miss vSadie .Wright,
Miss Mary Lynn, Miss-L. Gray, Mr. S.
McDougall, Mr. Worthlngton, and Mr.
s..Phinipr     A-    . ■  „ , ,y ; „-.
i We are to .have a treat on .Monday
evening, 22nd inst, in the Opera House
when Beveral well known local ladles
and gentlemen,, will   present Sidney.
Grundy's famous English comedy ."The
Snowball."  The caste includes all the
leaders in amateur theatricals in town
and a few "dark horses" as well.   We
hear that lots of hard practice has
been put In on the play, so that we can
expect a.first-class show.   . ,  '
ROYAL   VIEW
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ «►♦♦ ♦ ♦ <av ♦
♦ *      J A      „ ♦
4> HILLCREST NOTE8 <*>
♦ ■ ',   By "Concertina Joe." ..      ♦
, (Received too late for. publication in
laBt Issue,)
Tho mines In this vicinity aro still
working only throo and four shlfto a~
woek, consequently many of the men
nro leaving for other parts.
Tho Royal CoHIorloR are putting In
nn oloctrlc haulage plant ln tholr mines: they have also added two large
olectrlo generating engines to tholr
plant, ho things look" rather brighter
for tho futuro of this mine.
Wo are pleased to boo tbat A, £).
Dupon has been nppolntod commission*'
or for affidavits.
Royal Vlow Ib, vory badly In1 need
of a sschool, but wo hopo to boo ono
built thin coming, summer, It is
now up to tho trustees to got busy
nnd hnvo it startod ns soon as dob-
fllblo.
. Charles Smith, who got hln l<.g bndly
smashed up some tlmo ago, haB returned from Lothbridgo Hospital, but.lt
' will bo n long tlmo beforo he will be
able to resume hla dutlcrti in tho mlno.
Tho usual mooting of Local 258(1
wns held on Friday, (I say, boys,
you had better Attend your meetings
moro regularly.) Tho members woro
unanimous In favo.tr of ono IndufUr'nl
nrp*n?ifTfi*lr>m fnr i\\ "'"vlicr".
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Mr. Walter McLean left to spend
a fow days at Calgary, during which1
ho will' attond tho School Toachors'
Convention. .-.    ,   ,    ■   ■'
A meeting was held In tho Miners'
Club was held at. Dr. Ross* rosidonco,
guo for this part of tho province. All
the surrounding camps woro well re*
presented, and lt looks very proralwlng
for a sorlos of football contests. Most
of tlio boal companies havo promised
to givo a worthy support to this kind
of Bport, but,wo understand that one
or two companies havo not aa yot boon
nuked, although, thoro Ih llttlo doubt
but tlu\t they will loosen up when thoy
aro nppronched, "
A mooting of the Illllcrost Tonnls
Olub was hold at Mr. Ross' rosidonco
Monday night. G. Cnilckfllmnks was
oloclod president of the clulii nnd F.
J, Smith, Soc-Trcns, Tho club has
decided to fix tho tonnls dub up so
as to compnro favorably with any
town In tho Pass. Quito a fow members have como In, and tho Impression
is thnt thov will havo nbout no mem*
bora this Reason.
♦ ♦<*-♦ *> <#. +. *> <*> ♦ ♦ ♦
* * * *  .     * /■■ ;x..- ♦
♦ FRANK NOTES,.        „„.♦
-*•   '        ■"X        -y     *       '♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦* ♦■*•►,♦ ♦'♦ ♦"♦
♦ J W. Tolaski, who* has worked in the
mine here for several. years, moved
his family tor Edson last" week, -where
he expects to make his' home.. Pete
Tereska moved Into his house here.
Jack Miller "spenta fewdays vieiliiia
In Medicine Hat" this week.      ,. *
, S. Thompson, of Cowley is at present in the local hospital where he has
undergone an operation.  ",,•'.'""'
Mr. McKay, our worthy school principal, ls spending this week- ln Calgary attending the school- teachers',
convention.   - ' <,-,,,
R. McGown returned from Calgary
on, Saturday morning last- -
. Mr. Wm. Simpson, who has got work
in Hlilcrest mine', moved his family
out there on, Wednesday last.
, Mr. J. E. Wilcox, who has been at
Rochester, U. S. A, under the care of
the,famous Dr Mayls,.has returned lo
town again, and is entirely restored
to health. His "praise of the doctwr
is profuse, and he has already secured
work at Maple Leaf. '•'
A large number of Frankites attended the railroaders' "dance at Blairmore
on Easter Monday.
On ,-FrIday. night last Miss Mu'shkat
(the Socialist lady speaker) delivered
an address in the Miners' Hall; a large
crowd being present to listen to her.
. Mr.* Clark put on a moving picture
show'.on Saturday last, but only a few
went to. see it.'.
Mr.. Richardson- is now running a
livery stable at Bellevue as well as';at
j-rank. *■' '■ -•-.-„' ' '?
' Rev. G7'H: .-Whycherley,- -of.' Lille,
preached in-Knox > Methodist Church-
last Sunday in the absence of, Rev. W.
T, Young,, who was'-'at Lille" for the
da^  i '^ 'y'X..: •.,   - 7- y :
1 A meeting"of the ratepayers" ' of
Frank was called,by'W. J. McGowan,
Chairman of the'Council, for last Sat'
urday* rilghtin" the? Public, School' Hall.
A-good-numberrTv"ere"^"ri"_fentT The*
object of'the/meeting'waa, to elect* a
committee' to.act -as' a'•'delegation to
wait on Premier Sifton to see what he
is going t'o do for Frank, "seeing,' the
government have declared'the present
townsite' unsafe.' Melsrs? -W. J. McGowan, H. Iviurphy, 'and . J Wheeler
were appointed, and they left on Tuesday night's train*to .meet the Premier
IniCalgar'y. ;- ,--, • »*
y. Tho,C P R has decided not to blow
down the mountain.
", About 9.30 on Tuesday morning.the
inhabitants of Franks-were suddenly
notified that, there was a fire In the
village by the blowing of the whistle;
and the ringing of the fire alarm, The
fire brigade >at once' turned out and
rushed, for Bohemian Town, where the
log house of Louis Herman had caught
fire in the roof from the stove pipe.
But'„when tho fire brigade,' got there
the fire was under-control. Very'little
damage was done, but If thefire'ever
got the best of them it would be hard
to.savo eovoral housos that are.close
to where tho fire was.       ,
Several 'of the bachelors noar tho
rlvor evidently celebrated Easter, and
tholr. method of doing so waB by having a big'boozo, which most of tho
neighbors had cause to take notice of
as well as tho pollco, who wore also on
tho Job. Sovoral of the fellows got
badly cut up by bolng stabbed. To
soo ono follow chasing anothor up
Mnln tSroot on Monday It would remind one moro of a. wild animal thnn
a mah. Wo expoct that-when the lnw
has ahndod out, Justicev to them tho
flnos will not bo small. Too bad that
if n.on will drink they don't know
whore to stop without making hogs of
thomBoIves,
Blairmoro Is to have a large tlivoo*
storey brick building for hotel purpot,*
es to take the plnco of tho old C. m.,v
polltan Hotel which wnn destroyed by
flro, Mr. Sparks oxpocts to build v.
hotel that will bo modern In .vory
way,  It Is rumored that another* brick
♦ ♦♦♦♦*♦•»♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ -»
♦ ' ♦
♦ ''  *   '     COLEMAN ♦
♦ '',.'♦
,♦♦♦'•**■'♦♦♦*♦♦ <► ♦' ♦ ♦ ■
The - International Church held its
seventh annual supper and entertainment on Monday of this week, when a
large and happy crowd sat down" to
an excellent supper provided by the
ladles of tho church. , ( Great credit
is due the Rev. Mr. Murray for the
interest which he takes in his congregation, as/anything he undertakes to
do-he always makes a success _»f it.
The program of the evening consisle,.
of vocal and instrumental music which
was conducted by Mrs. D. Meanly, Mrs
D. McKlnnonyMlss Dimey-and Mr.
Home. The speakers were .the Re/,
Mr Hunter (Blairmore), Rev. Mr.
Young (Frank), Rev Mr Irwlng (Bellevue), and Rev'Mr Murray,,(Colemnn).
The Odd * Fellows intend holdlug a
supper and dance xpn Friday, the 12th
in the Miners' Hall, and Opera House,
and a good time.cari be expected by all
who,will atend. „
♦ The mines are'working full blast
here now,'as the' trouble which caused stoppage for a few daysvhas been
settled between the men and the company, and the -men have returned to
work again: • _   . 7
We are pleased, to see our old
friends J.\0. McDonald and J.u Hilling,
Jback'in,"Cole'man after an absence* of
six or .eight 'monts in another part
of Alberta. t We have not had - a
cha'nee to get any. information about
the country they were'in, but' we understand they'are back hereto stay,
as they think Coleman the best place
yet.    -   -.„.   7 *=   * '        ,r"
Don't forget "the moving pictures at
the Opera ,j .House every Wednesday
and- Saturday night. Everyone come
and enjoy yourselves for two or three
hours. Good.pictures and good attention shown to all. Be sure, don't forget,       y •? " ""'
The annual*' ball, of the Blairmore
Hockey Association was held-on Monday evening. A-A particularly large
number from outside points were pre-
sentHrepreseHting^Bellevue, Frank,
and Coleman; From seventy to eighty
couples were "in attendance,'and. a'
very successful affair is reported
Music was furnished by the Coleman
orchestra., y" y •
j,Edward,H. Orser, the.iasslstant en
gineer atthe mine of the International
Coal and Coke Co., has accepted a
position as mine foreman at Helen
Mine, Algoma, Ont. The heartiest
good wishes of his many friends will
follow him on his departure on April
19th. A * A
, An ext'enBlve and progressive policy
is being carried out by the Coleman
School Board this year. * Tho grounds
are being extended to double their
present* size; a $7,000 addition to the
present, school building will bo erect-
ed.'and another teacher engaged after
Easter. Slnco next term will find
an eight-roomed building, well equipped m every detail, with a staff of not
loss than seven" teacher and an attendance of not loss than' 200.
It Ib announced that the Telegraphers' Association will hold their annual
function at Blairmore Opora Hoiwo,
on Friday, April 19..
< Coleman tonnls enthusiasts find cl'*
matic conditions particularly favorable
to the pursuit of this sport, Tho first
game of tho season was played on
March 28, and since then Intorost hap
not lagged,
HOSMER NOTES.
"Looker-or..*"
Electric Restorer for Men
Phoflnhonol mtom •very nerve ia the body
rno»n.iwnui ,„ ,„ prop(r milgn, ro,,orel
vim and vitality. • Premature decay and all aexual
weakneat averted at ene*. Plio_pho»ol will
in alto you a new man.. I'rire ("1 * bnx. m tun fn*
VI,' MaIIm to nnv nddrena Tha BuouuCl Jfruir
"»„ Bt. Cntlinrlima, Ont.
Por dale at Bleasdell's Drug Store
,;COAL CREEK ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦».♦♦♦♦»♦♦<»» «►
Born---at Coal J*"*reek ou Easter Sunday, April? 7th, to Mr and Mrs. Adam
Watson,'a son.- Mother and child
both doing fine.* ".,-.'
The Service of Song and tea held in
tho^Methodlst church on Good, Friday
was a great success, every one present
having a real good time?  (1
Mrs. Jamas Maddlson was visiting
friends down at Hosmer last week?
end. /'     '     '   ■ '     ,
v Tom vBanns returned tp camp this
week after, spending a few days down
at' Bellevue? " '
Frank Henderson, an old ' Creek-
Ite, but now residing at Hillcrest-;
was' shaking hands' with friends up
here, on Wednesday.
Mr. E. H. Balderson, who for., the
last few years has been In'the employ of the C N P C Company,' as
clerk, severed his connection with the
company last, week-end and "has gone
down to Lethbridge. ' '   *
Jack McPherson.left here, last.week
for -a trip' up, the. Yellowhead Pass
district.' -.      _/- yy '   '
. The ' mines were all' Idle here on
Tuesday afternoon' shift and all day
on . Wednesday. " ' ,
"Wm. Corlett came home out of -the
hospital last Thursday afternoon, but
>he is still in a" very serious condition. .-"',.
- The Coal Company are paying on
the. 13th this month. * This is some
thing strange, and has been the m<*ans
of 'setting all sorts of rumors,,'but
-vyhether they,are true or, not the future- .will soon ' tell." ' '■.
■The schools- had a holiday from
Thursday.^till Tuesday for the Easter
vacation?  •*•-"-■■ ■   7
With* Spring..arriving and the' fine
weather setting: In 'the amateur gardeners areVagain. at work fencing up
and cleaning' ,their little plots ;7th^
.whole camp being a.hive of industry.
The' football- fever, has again ' co'm-
menced and practically .eyerv-jona-Js
touched wlth_it-more-or less.-. The
.Coal Creek:boys hope to make7 a,
name-for themselves, again this'season., Their first game will be "a
friendly one; with*;Fernie at Fernie on
Saturday - the"- 13th. *. Kick off at 6
p.m. prompt. «" The Creek .will be represented fby: ' Thos. Banns (goal);
Jock McLetchio and Wm. McFegan
(backs);'Thos**Oakly, Alex McFegan,
Robt Johnstone* (halves); Dick Jones,
E. Gomln, P.- Heskcth, Sim - Weaver,
Jas. Patterson (forwards). Reserves:
H E..? Bontham, Jos Yates, Jno.
Myers. Linesman, Chas. Hodketii.
The .team will please leave by tho
3.45 train so as to be on the ground on
time. '     .,, ,.
Tournaments *
Bllliards—JaB. Logan, 1st; Jas. Corrigan, 2nd;' Thos. GJover, 3rd; Wm.
Bonnott, 4th.
Pool-—Joo Doddi 1st; Thos. Glover,
2nd.* K.   \
Crlbbago—J.- ' Weir, lat; Jas.
Roberts 2nd., ■
Whist—W. Parker and Joe Howli,
1st; Joe Worthlngton and Joo Harrl*
son, 2nd,* '
Seven up.—W, Pnrkor 1st; W. Alb-
orton, 2nd. - »
DomlnooB—J. Meyers, sen., 1st.; R.
Forsyth, 2nd.
Cliecltors—J. Wolr, 1st; P. Lauder*.,
2nd.
Billiards—Samuel Ileanoy win*, tho
cue with a break of 32.
SMIoh's Cure
OUICKIV STOPS COUQMe, OURCB  COLDS,
HCAIO THC THROAT AND IUNOI, 08 CCMTO
building Is, to be built bctwoon this
and the Budd lllook, so thnt evontunlly
tho Mnln Street of nialrmoro will look
hotter than It did before,
Geo. Ross, of tho Frank Mine, got
hit in tho oyo with a chunk of coal
Miss MiiBhknt nddroHSod n mooting' no Ib knocking around with his l-ond
In tlio Union Hall lust Sundny, but lho tied up,
A surprise party Invaded tlio' homo
of Mr. and Mrs. R W, Rogers on W.d-
nosday ovenlng last, and nd vantage
was taken of the opportunity to mako
it pr*«.>nfAt.on of a cut 'glftae v&ae to
Mra Rogers by the members of tbo
T.ndloA' Aid Hoclcty of the MetUodUt
Church, andi-lno of a suitably Inscrlb*
ed wallet and letter case to Jfr, Roreirs
from hli fellow members of tho
Church. The jroelplenta expressed
their picture aid, rmtllude for tbeae
tntuma r>t tnttmm, rim! tt very eaJajiaM*
evening was spent
Tha billiard handicap Is proving a
great altractlon aad some clou* fan*
«■ aro tbo remits of tha keen handicapping tiongb tbo bandlcapper mlfbt
attendnnco was not up to what wo
should havo llkad. Owing to tho ho!'-
'':*.y '.',....<. .,u.<u KMiiji uul ui (own, but
nil thnt nttonflrfl ve«■ ii't-31 ualhtW,,
Mr. Cnrd'c Moving Picture' Show,
which visits us ovory Wednesday, was
woll-attondod this week, Mr. Card
Is woll Ilkod horo, ni. .he takes bo
l-miioti ««»i.rc;t Iz. o_rr {>.*•__, J.u\i i» «t
allitimos willing to help anyone to
get wellknown and prominent, by
throwing tholr plcturo on tho screen,
Sovoral of tho boys and young ladles
brought their pictures forth .his week
insisted on having them shown on
tho ennvas, which was gladly done,
But wo bono Mr, Card won't ahrm'
them elsewhere, ( as it would be a
poor advertisement for our thriving
town. ii
Mr. Henry Tenant arrived back hero
from Illinois, U. 8. A_, after as absence
of lg months, and Is looking as writ
as «v«r,
Mr. F. Stewart,'of Lethbridge, was o
visitor of Mr. Cunningham's, Union
Hotel, .lariaff th« Kastor holidays.
Miss McLean, of tife school sUff.
spent Raster at Medicine, list.
Fernie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewriting
Two Classes Weekly.   Tuesdays and Fridays
from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
I'rivfttn Iohkoiih nnd Heloot claa.sos by arrangoinont
To). 170KvoiiiiiRH •-- 48A   Days
Pete Teroskn passed away this
wook. Petfl linn ^io*. wiw^i ttiic i,_,'.*;.
and his rolntlvon In tholr florvow linvo
the sympathy of the cltlrons.
Mr, Ferguson, of HUlcrost. Is holding a dancing class In the Minors'
Hall now, A large number of younst
nnd old have Joined nnd nro ♦ri'i^.; ?»
use their foot Jn thb most nrtlstlo way,
An onlookor snld It,reminded him of
"Vanity Pnlr."
The Rocky Mountain "
SANATORIIJM
At the Famous iaulphur Springs
0 . FRANK, Alta.        I     *
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience
SULPHUR BATHS.. "BUS TO ALL TRAINS^
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co,
-■ Wholesale'Dealers-in'■'        '-'""'
Winesy Liquors and
;'."'   CIGARS
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK ?
, :■'      Phone 83, Frank, Alta. ..' ,  .
Furniture
We have the largest arid most^up-tordate
Hardware and Furniture Stock
, in'the Pass.    Everything in    /   ,    A
Stoves arid Ranges \ Furniture
Granite & Enamelware      Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing- and Heating. ,    Special Attention,to Mail Orders
:  Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANKMAlta^^.XD,3ox:ioA
y
<*K "y-'.j
New Michel General Merchandise Cp.
,.   -•  - Importers of • " ,        ,
ITALIAN  PRODUCTS
'. .' , and Dealers in
Domestic Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies. _       ., New Michel, B.C.
T.M.BURNETT
Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour &  Feed
i    Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best  Goods   t%t  .Lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
•fxlXcl*
ll
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let us know your wants.
All Orders Receive Our Careful
Attention.
For Sale—2 Edson Lots
Junction for
Grand Pralrae & Peace River
Two but-lnem. Utt, iltuoted In th«
centre of the town of Bdaon; u pro*
p«rty th*t Ii a JlEAI. IKVE8T.
MBNT-«nd! on« wWcU wlU r*turn
your money with SOO per cent Inter*
eit In tlx roonthi. ajvcoUl citith offer or terni. You ebooUl not nlta
thli.    Write Bor 5.1, Fernie. B.C.
Thli li no "HmI Settle peddle"
but a sound, solid bu«tom offer.
Fishing Tackle
.
Large Shipment just arrived
Rods, Reels, Lines & Flies
Everything for the Fishermen
McLean's Drug & Book Store ^XX-u
Slater   Shoes
Wo have just opened our largo Hprinf,' ship-
i! mont; of of tho.se famous hIioon and havo the
i.0Hl rango of *$4.r)0, Jj<5, and $U hIiooh over
shown in Hosmer. Soo the new Hty!e« displayed thin vijeok in south window.
A.   MIt_T.S   Sc   SON
Hoatner
Bt Cm.
Grand Uviion Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman^ trade
Ml _>.______WB_WsMHBsP_sW__s__|Bi_M__s__^s^^ , ■ '■   '  ■*U{Lg-»'^^p^_pffp_pw!g_WMB_ge^^ iPtflH* . n» W.IMI, .'..jijuJ, .11,. i„>UI J |, I J, ■  MM-rarii w jphli              ■
77 A*. ..^y "*:      '   ^-A-.-WAyT/AyA-'iAA A*--, "--■•' "''^v.^&'V^ %yyyA^y*;
,*-  *  --'-*,<; \(j,-'--       ■       *> --   ;■*;-, ,',^   -      .     -'.''- \ ,- • -_. ...      ■ "               -.'•   .-r„:i"s. >;?<*> • rsiTf,,.*. -v «-       --  :,._■,.*." - ■;-_-, *-;^:t/j,-••--.-,-'-.'~v.-."v-j-t.-,'..*r.'., ., -.<-%->..Ct.^ -•  ,,vft.*   -  -,   .;,  ^-r *,,,   .-„>.,
.-„'-* - *      "'--m.,.'   ...         ■-•     ...' •-.„-* V ■     v,   '-    •'•■    ff^K *".'   .!-.,_;„_.* _-i/;-"-. :-i"_*--„-,-.->-1   *. * '_. j'^-.J.r- '.-■, *.t"_,:,..-:.'.'.^>?^ .-»."•>.-i.-, r_.-*-•<*>....  •^.^•-;-, *X>'5 •■-    ',--'_ _  ,.*,,- "
}y
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRIOTALEDGER, FERNIE, B,.Ov APRIL 13, 1912.
vWaldd*
Hotel
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
-    *    Hot and Cold Water.
"» __.  Electric Lighted"   ;   ,.
,    ,      Steam  Heated.
'Phone in every room.
"   '     ,   Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
'   Barrlster-at-Law, Solicitor,
ECKSTEIN  BUILDING8, Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
iv-
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical par
ties.   Try our   . v
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c ;
The  finest   of  Wines,   Liquors
and Cigars served by competent,
and obliging wine clerks.
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie,' B. C.
L. ' H.   .PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
V*
S.
FERNIE
Cigar Store
Lunch
Counter
Is Now Opened
., __^_^___ .	
Clean, Cosy and very
Inviting     -■'A
Just the place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
Proprietor
THE FERNIE
0
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal:
ers in all kinds of Rodgh
and Dressed Lumber „
Send us your orders
ROY At
7'Thirty ye'a're ago last.Wednesday, a
14-ye'ar-old hoy; then living in,Lucas..
Iowa, said to his mother:
- "I have decided to quit scfiool and go
Into" tlie mines to work,    , It's necessary.- to help out.     Besides, I'm well
up in hiBtory, geography, and artihmc-
tic and have nearly finished the sixth
reader..   I can spend my spare time
studying." *      ,,   "  ,
That night  the boy .began  "trapping" 1,000 feet under ground, where
dust from soft coal blinded the eyes
and filled the   nostrils' as he opened
and shut the door supplying the min-
| ers w'th air from the 'shaft.   "An hour
later some tons of slate fell from the
arched roof and buried and crushed
him, and he lay stretched on his bed
for four months.    The day he got up
he went back 'to trapping.
,'Last week this'"lad*;'now president
of the United Mine Workers of Amerl-
ci greatly puzzled a score of.the' richest and most powerful coal barons.'n
the world-when he met them in conference at 43"Liberty Street ln the, city
of New York,-to present demands made
by his followers for higher wages and
shorter hours.. ' Tlie perplexed numbered amongst others', George F. Baer,
President - of   tho ' Philadelphia and
Reading Railroad;  W. H. Truesdale,
President1 of the Lackawanna;,  F. D.
Underwood, head of, the Erie, and the
Merkle*" Brothers, wealthy independent
operators of* Pennsylvania.
"Only.Unknown Quantity."
"The only unknown quantity in this
situation is White, the new leader of
the union miners,", said one of the operators to the writer tW days before
the conference.. "John P. Is his name
and we., don't, understand, him., * He,
has been identified with the bituminous interests'allhis.life,'and we have
not hadUhe,pleasure'of meeting him?
Here'is a man-who-holds in his hands
the destinies of 500,00o"miners andean
precipitate the greatest coal strike in
the  history?* of , America." •   Yet ■ • we
haven'.- he,ard • one"threat, one>denun-'
ciation nor. a single 'bombastic utterance from him or his men.   He-must
have77wonderful."control over himself
_nv»fl.i'Ma_fr.lln.nrpT»a "   *' ' 	
'UUU—U.U—.U..V ,, ^* ».»— -n ■ ■ '"—7—_	
J
HOTfK
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with   the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING KOOM  IN- CONNECTION
FERNIE
of labor be*refused.A,He spoke often
and'loud, and-his remark's,*given due
prominence in the press, ordinarily
had capital; in a defensive .position
long before the battle was*' scheduled
to begin.'. B__cfc of all tlhs was a keen
insight into, human nature,' masterful
organizing . ability ^a'nd a ' fighting
strength which employers of labor had-
learned to fear.  , .  y •   '
"Having fathomed Mitchell and he*
come familiar with his line of attack
the operators were - unprepared ' for
White.' Did lack of denunciation Indict him as a weakling-or were new
and silent'methods being used? The
operators didn't know and being wise
they decided to wait and size up for
themselves the ■ successor of Mitchell
before passing judgment. "' ^
White at the Conference  ,
7On,the,day of the conference the
coal barons were confronted hy. a man
six feet in height and straight as an'
arrow.     His hair, tinged ,with gray,
swept back from his broad, high, well-
shaped forehead, ■ and his blue eyes,
kindly, yet severe in their earnsstness,
looked at and through y one.     The
mouth  indicated both  determination
and a keen sense of humor, and the
thin, aquiline nose and prominent chin
denoted both' intelligence and pugnacity.    Altogether John White .was just
as different from Mitchell in appearance aa the operators had found him
to be in mode of procedure.        -
, The leader entered the "conference
room so unostentatiously that several
minutes later, inquiries .were made1 as
to what kept him waiting."    When, he
finally,arose with the'written demands
In his hand there was no question;as
to his identity.,-    The man was the
personification of a leader of men.   •
Power was exemplified in the tone
of his voice,-, the cast of* his eye and
the movements of his hody. ,-He spoke
simply, directly, forecfully,' briefly.' ' ,-
He-made no threat, direct or'implied..    He had;a-business measure to
propose and he.proposed it. *"*' Thenthe
stopped. ." y7? .:    ,    ° ,      -
„ There,was an awkward pause. Then
iir Baer officially took the denmnds
under advisement,
ene'e 'adjourned"after being in session
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
. see us once
This-long-distance estimate of John
P.. White'was .exceptionally accurate',
and after meeting him the operators
had no hesitation in saying that, they
had - a - new .problem to deal with ia
which ...(.'.'personal equation .was an
important factor.',.
•   ., ; V Mitchell's Way. ,
- In-days gone by they had dealt with
another' John—John Mitchell—and today his fameas a* fighter and-leader
is known wherever labor wields' pick
and shovel—which'means pretty much
all oyer,the civilized world.
...Mitchell's methods wore denunciatory, proclamatoryand generally effec
tlve. • Prior to a conference ho would
publlqly ' enumerate the dire things
which would*happen to capitalists and
"predatory'-wealth" should the demand
just eleven.ininutes. If Mr. Baer had
any notion "of-rejecting the demands
then and,there? as has been done In
the past, he reconsidered it.
When Mr. White1 and the'delegates-
reached town, "newspaper reporters'attempted to", get from-some one ln authority a comprehensive idea of the
miners' aims and purposes, but no one
would speak. ■ The chairman of the
press committee said merely nothing
could be given out.   ,
,"A Business Campaign." „
Finally, Mr White, who had been unavailable up ,to 'this time, was appealed to by letter,. The situation was
explained- to' him -carefully^ and fully,
and It was"pointed.out that informa--
tlon, to ho accurate, must como from
reliable sources'.   " It was noted that
the operators had employed a firm of
press agents to present tlieir slde.,ot
the controversy. Would not he /give;
the miners' side? y      r'    .- •'.
? Mr. White immediately * responded.
He came, down from the rsmallAoom
he* occupied in the Victoria Hotel and
the reporters'gathered about.him.' surcharged with questions.--    ,-' •, "
"I want to say one thing before you
gentlemen' begin your inquisition," he
said with a smile that was the essence
of,good humor.  ,, ;'While.I-am fully
aware that the miners need public support in pressing their claims, and that
this "must come largely through publicity, we are not waging a campaign
oi denunciation. '  This is a business
campaign and is going to be conducted
along business lines.     We do not be-(,
lieve in proceeding upon the principle
that our demands will be refused until,
they, at least, have been submitted.
If they are we will act; not talk. Now,
fire away and I'll tell you' what we ask
for and must have,"     y "    '
The leader had so thoroughly drilled the' theories' bf his business campaign into the heads of the delegates
that even 'the. secretary/of the press
committee had padlocked his lips and
thrown away the key.     And it may
be remarked that the key hadn't'been
found up to ,the time the delegates left
town. , .     ,       •   ,      • '     K. - - „•   "•
Jf the miners were mum upon the ob-
jec tof their visit east, their reticience
was thrown 'to the winds when the
name of their leader was mentioned.
Tliat they, love and trust him and be-'
lieve'that .he will win much-for them
In' this," their   greatest   battle,   "was
shown''in. word and look.     Knowing
him all these years, they, can't see"
how he,can fall.     Their faith is'that
of a child in its father, save that it
is strengthened by a knowledge    of
deeds done. '._..-
,' John,P. White was born February'28
1870, in what he described as an 'up-
and-down" shanty on ''the outskirts'
of Coal Valley,' 111. His father wa's a
railroad employe, died ' shortly after
his birth..-'-'- The1 first he;,recollects, is
that his family consisted of his mother
InriheTonfer- th^ree brothers,.two sisters and him-
self, ,. A struggle for food; clothing aud
J.1 _J1^.A..4'1'.*. n,nn Hrtino-^-.TirOITiad -^51 Til?
all—tuuvja,Lnju—« ao—w%...*o—" «o~^-j— ———
-. - -J. '-
o .*.,-' J.
vur.d ""rom greed and. graft, ,  It will
put an end to the wholesale slaughter
Eor gain •    ft will save children from
being robbed of their mother's care
and accord them a, real equality, of
opportunity, and not a sham one as it
exists today. ,  lt*=*wlll put an.end to,
the, struggle for bread and thus give
the people a chance to choose "the'-r.
occupation according to ^inclination
and natural ability,* perfecting and
strengthening the character of.the Individual. ' And this Is just the' vo .y
reason why you should be a Socialist.
il.Ee,'sister, andvjoln the ranks,of the
progressive .working clas, that,the toller.? of the world may come the sooner
into their own. , You will be welcom-
ed into tho Socialist party-your work ties very thoroughly, and being con-
■ "In sustaining,the motion yesterday
Judge McClernairfiald:- 'I, look-upon
the relation existing between the West / .
em. Federation of Miners   and'   the
Butte Mill and> Smelter,-Men's .Union
as" one' of ..contract, and I feelihat
.when the Mill and Smelter Men's Un- •
ion. comes Into a-court of equity, as
party plaintiff,,and practically admits ,.
the breach 'or violation of that con-'-
tract on its part.'lt is in no'position to ■'
ask for.injunctive relief. >• For that
reason \ feel compelled' to grant the_j
motion and lt?is granted.'      ° •  , •
.   Mr. Jones had some" other author!-,
ties -to1 submit' and offered them after!-
the court, had'ruled, but Judge McCler-
nan said he' hadiooked up the authori-'
ls needed there."/, On you depend the
ideals of/our future generations, the
last,'but not the least, reason Why
You .Should Be A Socialist. - "y *
CAN SOCIALISM, DESTROY •      '
THE HOME I
„The Western Clarion, under the caption "Can- Socialism, Destroy-'-the
Home?" has the following to say:; ,
"Home, is a'heavenly place.-, Snob
a halo of sanctity has become woven
around the word that the mere assertion'that Socialism would destroy, it is
sufficient to rally cohorts, to/its *de-
fence. *■ More especially ' does this
home-thrust", appeal to women,"why,
'God knows!' y '.-•.*. '
v "It may be all very fine/ • among the
wealthy-or even the well-to-do? whose
homes are .their private'.'dwellings,
where, the household'duties "and cares
are shouldered -by "hired' 'slaves-'and
slaveys, where they may. eat, drink,
'and "tie merry' entertain their friends,
vlnced that.it,"was a* matter of con-,
tract, .he „eould?do nothing else; than '
sustain the motion. '       ,   -„ *    7
"An exception was'taken, to the rul-
ing^of the court,, but whether any further proceedings will be taken/by, the
attorneys for the" plaintiffs has not s
been/determined. The Western Federation officers-are now free to put
the Mill and Smelter Men's .Union out
of business.    _   ?  "
SOCIALISM -.DEFINED
Large Airy Rooms 8a
Good Board
JOHN PODBIELANOIK, Prop.
Why You Should
'".'. •    ■ \    s   .
Be a Socialist
enjoy solitude or .do what, they Twill.
"But what does the .worker's';home
hold that tbey' should ho solicitous' as
'to its preservation more particularly
as regards- the worker's* wife?  -What
is heribbme but her workshop?   ■ In
the country, a shelter wherein she may
cook and "feed and wash, when she Is.
not in the stable or tho field/ by' day;
by night, but a rude stall. for sleep.
In, the city, .when 'not a full-blown
boarding house, with' roomers inhabiting all rentable, corners to help pay
the ront.    While she lives in tho kitchen and sleeps lri tho    dining-room
with .her lord and their brood.,
"Boforo she married, perhaps, Bhe
slaved for somo,capltnllst.for a minimum wage and. with-uncertainty of
employment; Married, she' has a
steady Job—for hor hoard and clothes.
Her'Job'io steady' enough, it that Is
day and enjoy,tho advantages of civlll- j nny ^commendation. , To cook and
zation tho rest of tho time..   Every |wnBh dlflheo,'swoop nnd'scrub, wash
ss soon as he realized anything' he
knew that, he must add his mite to,
t^e general purse as «oon'as he was
big enough.. The great, aim of the
mother was that her children obtain,
good.schooling,'and until^Tphn was 14
she would not consent to his going,to
work,'-       "    •    • .-'y      ■*■'_  '   ■ -   >
,'T owe everything to my mother,"
said Mr. White to a World reporter.
"It was her influence that" made me
what'I am;' she instilled" in me ■'so
strong a love for knowledge that' I
attended night school long after I was
married. I havo no patience with the
,hoy'who forgets his mother. I was
horn on the anvil,/of-poverty, and I
know how much Bite has" suffered and
'sacrificed fornio arid the other chlldron In our family."—Now York World.
By Walter'.Wy rich, Resident-Student*,
Rand School of Social Science,'New.
-' York.,. ' A   "    \   A-    ■-.,     .
'.'Socialism presents itself in routj as-,
pects A_uf a. criticism of existing' -so-'
ciety, as a philosophy of the evolution
of'society/'as ariddeal or. forecast of n«
coming.society;-'and "as" 'a   practical
fnovemerit imhued'wlth this philosophy"
and'seeking,its realization.  .    -" «4
The Socialist criticism "of existing"
society is'from "the viewpoint,'of the
,^fkiirgciassf7whicii*Bec*s-in*;theT"ic€r
Therosa, Mnlklol
Ross & Mackay l^m.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
'*^____M8_M©l_*®«©€Bd_">«SD<3iP<d'*B
Nowhere In the Pans can be
found  In ench a display of
Meats
We have the best money
cnn buy of B«.e., Pork, Mutton, Venl, Poultry, Butter,
Eoqb, Fish, '/Mmpera.or Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Saii-agei,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Galpry Cattle Go.
| Phono 66 5
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH   AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
You who llvo undor a systom of so*
cloty whoro a few rovol in luxury nnd
rlchoR, whllo tho mnny strugglo and
labor In tho swont of tholr brow for a
dally oxlstonco, must, roallzri    that
tilings nro not'ns thoy should ho, that
thoro is something wrong somowhoro.
You who nro a tvbrl-lnfi; woman, do
you r.mlty.o how llttlo you sot for your
lmnl labor?     Do' you consldor tlio
fni't Hint botweon  work  nnd   sloop
thoro in vory llttlo tlmo lott for you
to llvo In?    Aro you nffoetod nl nil
hy tho lutllKuIUoH you havo lo undcn.o
corn thoy nnnnot affeo; you; thon
stop foi' n bi'lof moment nnd consider
tho army of wage earning womon. A
look at tholr pnlo.'worn faces, tholr
omuclatod hands, nnd tholr story will
s])pnk for Itsolf, And yot tliey aro
bettor off ihnn thoso who want to
onrn nn honest living, hut cannot find
.voi'l. und iuq, thus compelled lo sell
thoir bodlos In ordor to nvold Rtnrva-
llon.
You, who havo children of your own,
do you ovor think of tho chlldron who
l;vo find die In tho guitar?    Thoy avo
boforo yon roI a Job? You, porBonnlly, nil lorn innocent nnd pure, equal In
Second Hand
Store
Victoria Ave, Hrrnie
All kind*, nf
Household  Furniture
Stoves, Tools, etc.
Bought and Sold
G. Radland   Fernie
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local Gtneral Toamstera No
141. Moots ovory l-'rhhiy nlRht at
S ji. tn, ? Mln firs' Union Hnll, \V,
A   WorllilnRlon,   l-Vosldmit;   K,  3.
flood, Hecrotnry.
ti
Rsir.ftr.rte.i.' Loeal No. 814: Moots 2nd
nnd 4th HutidnyH nt a.3u p.m. Hock
Utry J. A. Goupill, Waldorf Hotel
Glndutone Loeal No. Z314 U, M..W. A,
Moots 2'Ul and 4th Thnrsdpy Mlnon
litilnn hnll    Tbns   "tTphlll   nor.
fypooraphlcal Union No. 5S5" Meeti
luHt Snuirdny In oach month nt thb
..oilKor Offlco, A. J, Hiickloy, Soo-
rnlnry.
Local Fernio No. 17 8. P, of C. Meoti
In Miner.*. Union Hull wiry Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Kvoryhoily welcome, 1).
l'liion. Ri'iTi'tary-TriMKurpr.
United tlrotherhootf of Carpentert and
Joiner«.—Loral 1220, 1). J. Evnnt,
Proalilnnt; K. H. Khaw. Bccrolary.
do not count, Thoy wnnt your muR-
tdi>, nnd whon thut Is gono and you
avo not «ood looking onounh to find
a provider—you urn thrown out Into
tho sli'oot.
You work hnrd and stondy, whllo
your employer robs you of tlio Bront-
ont pnrt of your nnrnlnRfl, so that h«
mny lnnd nn Idlo llfo, ITo rovolH In
luxury without working, " whllo you
load a rnlHornhlo oxlstonco In splto of
your hnrd i lnbor. Ilo alono honofltB
hy tho numorouh Invontlous of machinery which «o to Inorottflo your hnrd.
nMrin tnv n'ltli /iv<»ry now lnv/»ntlnrt
hoitH nf wnrlcnrs nro (brown out   of
ovoryllihiK to tho lirlnco or inlll'on
nl;o; why, thon, sliould thoy fnco such
ti futc?    '
You who whirl ami buzz tliroucrU
llfo. lll:c a huttovfly, without n bIiikio
thotiRht of nil tho world's Injii.tlcr.
howuro, for you ^yourself may bo hit
houio dny:1 II will ho too Into lo think
thon.
You nmy think that all this tnll. is
only n wiusla of tlmo, that tho world
Iiiih always koho on 'In this way nnd
thoro In no remedy for it. Hut you
aro wrong, my sister, utterly wrow..
Them l« n wnv ont nf thl« humnn Hiif-
forlnp..    Tho world doo» not romnln
tholr Jobs nnd some day It may nf foot i At a Htnndstlll, but koops constantly
you dlvoctly. ] chntmlnB and it dopondB now upon tho
You, who do not. not pnld for your In- ■ workeis thomsolvoa, you Included, to
hor, who nro tho wlfo of n working-) bring about tho now change for tho
•men  tin vnn rnmn tho mlwrv of vour ' botto.r.    '■
stop of progross would then bo mado
foi" all.. Every .mow invention of
machlnory would tend to shorten thb,
hours of lllbor and thus hocomo a blessing Instead of a curso to thc working
class.' ,       • '      ,
You may think tliat the'quostlon of
government aoos not concorn you, for
you aro deprived of a voto on all political quoatlonB. But this Is another
good reason-why you should bo a Socialist. • „ Tho Socialist parly ls tho
only political party that domanda nn*
equal standard of .-rights nnd moraln
for both mori„and women.
You mny not ho awnro of tho fnot
thnt'It Is to" tho advantage of ovory
porson to ho a Socialist, and novor
think of tho fact thnt jvomon will bono-
fit most undor Soclnllsm i thnt In no
olhor HyHtom of sooloty cnn womo'i
hopo to nohlovo tho freedom sho Is
hound to havo undor Socialism. Pol1*
tlcnlly equal to nnd oconomlenlly independent of man, woman will for lho
flri.1, tlmn In history hocomo mlntvosu
of hor own destiny.
Sho will thon ho ablo to oxorclno
hor mental, powcro and ohbono hor
own occupation on such fields as aro
siiltublo to hor.
Tho hourB of lahor will bo shoit
und ovory womnn, lnst-cnd of bolni? a
bunion to Homebody, will ho Rind to
do her Hlmro townvd rroattng lho
world's wonlth.
In tho choice of love, wpman onto)
rtiiuvuu iioiii uopomiuiiM-* ou u<ua ioi
u;i  <..-•_!...<<.  wt  ii'tll us horn lU'lu.rr
and Iron, mond and darn, day ln,nnd
day out, oxcopt whllo tho Lord Is do-
llvoring her ono of his 'blessings.'
"Slavo? Tho man Is slavo cnour.h,
hut after his day's elufory and his,sup-
lH)r,* ho can throw up his feot and ro-
vol'in tho perusal of hlsi favorite purveyor of fiction and porvertor of fact.
Tlio wlfo has yot tho dishes to wash,
thc brats to scrub and put lo h.'l. 1ho
floor to swoop once moro, stooklna. to
dnrn.nnd what not.
•Ho, whon ho.,ha«i delivered up his
quota of labor-power whoro it ho.on.-8.
Is, for tho tlmo, froo. Sho Is froo only
whon sho Rlt'opfl, nnd Ib froo thon only
to store up onorgy for 1ho noxt day's
slavery.
"Destroy tho homo? Choorfully, If
capitalism leaves ub any to destroy,
And the wlfo-slavos will owo ub a
hearty voto ot tlinnkn.
crime, .poverty/zdegradation that, now'"*-
exist not tlie fault or the .'result of any , T,
individual ■ or number, of individuals,,
but irresistible evidence of tbo fuiida-*  ■'
mental weakness of social organization    ,'
as: at present constituted.   ,
..^The? Socialist philosophy..of social   -■
evolution Is that every• epoch.of history Is.characterlzed.by the rule of one'-,
class.over,all other, classes, and that ' .
the, successive struggloB' of contending  •
classes for mastery has been' the c'lian- ■*
nel through .which 7has taken place
the rise of civilization and tho develop-*    ,
ment ot'socety;   that;the ownorBhip •'
by one class of* tho means ot social
production is the modo by, which that '\
class retained Us position as maBtor,
and that only with tho'change from '
tho' present.private' ownership to' so- '
clal collective .ownership will society  ■
bo on a just or' equitable basis.  *
, Tho Socialist ldoal is not a rigid,
description, Ib not a goomotrlc. construction of how sooloty could bo or
bught'to bo; but ls simply tho idoixl of ,
a society which glvos to ovbry Individual tho goratcRt amount of personal
liberty and tho fullost equality of op-'
portunlty.    Tho Ideal is not somo spo-
cinl form with which tho Socialist Is,
enamoured," hut ls tho - Idonl of com-
pleto Individuality.
.The Socialist movement Is composed
primarily of tho momhora of tho work-
lng clnss, whoso Interests It ropro-.
sontfl, hut It wolcomoB to Its rank all
thoso who, Hoo'ln Its philosophy, truth
and In Its Ideals, gi-nndour; its action
Ib political; It seeks to unlto tho workers ot the world ln a mass clasB-con-
bcIouh body, using political suffrngo
to ohtiiln control'of tho governments
nnd through that1 agency assuming;
control of tho-Boolnl properly.
LOCAL NO. 74, OP BUTTE, MO.,
'     vs. THE W. P. OF M,
Tho Woslorn Federation of Minora
hnn boon uphold ln tho courts In Ub authority, to ordor tho dlflsolutlon of a
local union whon tho officials of bucIi
loeal union sorvo notice on Ihe general
organization that tho membership refuse to comply with tho provisions of
tho constitution. ■ *   ■ ■,
The Anaconda, Standard ' glvon tho
following roport, bf tho suit brought hy
No, 74 of Butto, Montana:
tlllf   WMblfilii  Huutiifuu ui   »,..»vi.<
'.''•l
\vua .1-,'hl, on/1 ndpfl ^\h\i\ Un m-
his ncqulrod properly, will he froo j thori.y when It ordered tho dlnsolnt'on'
to woo as woll nn to ho wood and will of tlio Mill nnd Smoltor Men's Union
position? You work from early morning until Into at night. You drudgo
ilny In nnd dny out without reward ln
tho prosont, without hopo for "tho futuro.
And you who consldor yoursolf hot
Tills Is tlio main ronson WHY YOU
snori.n i»k a socialist,
Tito Socialists havo studied tho history or tho world and Its gradual <5ovo-
lopmont from snvngery Into civilization.    Thoy havo examined •carefully
ASSAYER
I!.   W.  ...VlonoWHON. A**fty«r and
I a"ir"i:-<JoM. HHv««r. tea.! or Coti_>«r.
II rich.     Gnl<i-KHv«r. or i.Hv«r-I***
II1.80. Vticta tor othtr tnetati: Cjml,
e«m«nt, Klr«clay analr«« «« nt*,P_,,_S_.r
mif. The )ar«r*«t euntf.m aaiay of»lc*
In lirltlili Columbia.
ter thnn thn former two, you who iirti 'tho. .La.,...! from d.aLU-1 to V'iV}.c all"-
n mlddlo-elnRs oninn, do yoii know j cry nnd hnvo como to ',ho conclusion
thnt you am only a toy ln tho hands of  ll'iil  il   the worker* wovo llw owucn
of the tnuls of production, thoy would
then receive the full fruit of their lahor.
In other words, under n co-oporatlvo
system of Rovcrnmfnt, or under So*
yonriM.» trftdelen* um\ |.r..l<iM»luufc_.4 t-t._U_n._ tl.u v.oiko.K. would uot tuiYO *4
give up n lion's share of tholr profits
to their omployors, whlrh would mei>n
thoso upon horn you dopend for ft Uv
Jng?   Should they Tnll In tho gnmo of
llfo you, too. would havo to ko.    Ho
you tcnllzo that you hnvo no Individuality of your own, that you would find
yonriM.ll trsdelei.* hnd i-i-»l«rtu.lioult_.*
nnd thus ho compelled to slnlt.Delow
the sfandnrd of the working Rlrl7 .    .
You, txtty Individual woman w.io 'a ht-Htt „in*l ca»l«r IMn« fer themselves. In*t<>ttd ot llvlni. to work, thsjr
would have to work but a fow hours »
mnrry for no other consideration except hor personal Inclination.
^•V   k-*kitU-h    h'uMiti   V*t*     ■**'vi»»***U »•»■   "wlj**.#*»>i.'-
entMirlpntlon, her perfect oquiHty
wllh mnn, Is posBlhlo only under a
ref-lrrn thut will abolish Iho rulo of
mnu over mnn, whleh 'i tho Soclnttftt
ron'mo.
floenlllim t."i hnnnd fo rome, Tho
dny is not fnr off whon tl« world will
wnTto up to tho refill^ntlon thnt nn
Ions ss a fow own tho tools wltt
which the many have to work, so low.
will tho many hnvo to bow before lho
will of tho few. And na soon as that
hspixM-,*, ttw tWnn* of thin land will
1n\r* over thn ownership flnd Tr-fins**"
mint of nil tho tools -of production
from* private hands and operate them
fur tho benefit, of all he people.   Thus
In nutto for refusing to pny strlko ns-
sossmonts ..nd directing Its members
1 f»_ t     n « -1
reads the*o lino, mny think    that
whomever el«o these truths way con-
stnilonory engineers' union of hutto.j
That was In effect tho rullntt of Judgo
McClornnn yostorday whon ho sustained a motion In bohslf of tho defendants to dismiss tho ordor to show
enus-t In tho Injunction proceedings.
"Tho evidence on tho part ot about
700'members of the Will nnd Smelter
Men's "Union, fc* plaintiff."' had been
heard, and at Its conclusion a week
aco Attorney Cunnlni. und Geagon, ro
presonttnis th« detendantf. movod to
have tho proceedings dismissed on Iho
uronnds that It waa sought to enjoin
tho commission of "nets thnt hnd nl-
rWdy boon dono an/1 fompletwl, and
that thero was tlo evldcnco of nny
Aldorman Josoph A. Clark, of lfld-
monlon, has succooded ln goWnR tho
council to adopt tho olnht-hour day
and tho minimum wago for civic work,
but tho Saturday half-holiday ts not
In'Mudcd. That will probably como
later. Tho opposition usod all kinds
of parliamentary tnotlcs to defeat, tho
proposnl, hut It carried hy a majority
of ono, Tho now wago scalo Is as follows: Hod-carrlors, por hour, 30 conts;
bricklayers and masons, (It. conts; carpenters, -45 conts; stonocuttors, 05
conts; machinists, 47% conts; plum-
liArn fin wiitm- Tdn«rterer« SK eentu •■
Inthern, %fiX>(t per dny, socond class,
f|r> por day. Printed and all kindred
work must bear tho union label. All
contracts must Inoludo a guarantee
thnt tho abovo scale will be paid, and *
If tt turn-* nu* that A contractor has
not dono so, tho amount missing and
duo to tho employees ls to be deducted
from Iho unpaid .lialnndo duo tho contractor, and handed to tho undorpnld
workmen.
**-*--1-"
wll' Socialism benefit   pauper   and character to support .b« aneualloisa ot
prtore alike.     It will wdaem . Uio j tha complaint •
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
That Conluii. Mercury
t* wnwry wilt *m.*J/ iV»triip it* wwmf tm*ll
»*|J <.ti)«'l «,'r int.t* ll* «bul«r tnin» nhrJi
i.«iffHr>_r'<l  it,r,,wiU (La iuuh___ mtittv*.   Sthk
j. will     .      .  -    .  .
i-iti «.(!««'I «,'r int.t* ll* nbul* tnin» nhrJi
Mifr.nir'it tt,r,iwiU (La iuuh___ mtittv*. Stht
*nl<l<* »lt.*iM r*i*t \»' u»*J »«,««,)■. tm j)t«Mfl||.
fr«,in rr|*ii»M. ibr.WMHi. ** IU A*r—
»IW» Will <fc» l» l»» J«l'l W I);*jr-.^-d.**a_f>• *
t«ffn. fr«,in rr(,ui»U.  ibr.MMM. ** IU -AtB-n**,
» Will &» l» l.lt .»'-'l W U* )f,V<- . i» f4K(I«l#'
i,.U>  *■■..**_• trvm fii'i'.   l.-trn <*4iiiri.'_siny,
B»iraf_.-liwi.l bjr .*. .1, Owi.a- * rA.vTi>l«A>. O.,
,._,UU»_ w* __*(kV-.j..*u,I  r<   t,|!,.ii tur.-ri. !ilr.
It***%t ll* _fi|»m.   In Xt^flff JUir* f-tirt*
(*«._  .«. Wt\a ynti  (ll-l  IIjii e.-llllllli**.   'If  l«  M-Trf.
Int.-rntiitr */n,l mnrfu In Tol^-li., imlt, Vf t,
Otftw-f A ft.   T»*U»*l»l« hi**. ,
IM4 hr ttrautfU.   PiW, W*. i*r Mtk.
Tttt u»U't r*Biir nil* ... t_»_ntp*ueo.
fHUl f?.&l
.--A
! ?7
&.
-«..
.*•■*-■". .
< ft' --.".» >rtA-..'
■'.y--*
.*—PBB^r.:tts*:
..j--•.«..._,
^•yj'flA'AA:
" *.*^v   y."^. »**.-
'#.-
-a". v|H^-"-^«   - '■'- -V -A'"'?-    - ' -vHr - r-X
fiS- .iSf®n^:^,7' - A .' * i''V' '7'
7:^|^^A-77A^:A".7 7- AAA*- *"
y';xdmMMyy-yyyy-ysyy^
I z1" , ■*■ *\_    -   * - - A-  *    '" ' • * >    ,w -       -^    ~_ v
Italikife^o.
' ;M?Si¥ys welcome here
'. ??a;^ f;^r^~   y "S- -'
■" SSp"S°9ms, Best of,
^SUritioir
THOS:,DUNCAN^ Passburg;
SHERIDAN "lIVEft Y
\~ Blko,B.C
t,i«.
'J
, As I- am-' continuing my late husband's business, I would ask for tho
continued patronage of all old custom1
ers, and re^pc-ctfiilly solicit the "trail"
ci.all.   ' ; - - ,-..■>"
Best of Rigs? and Horses
,-A   Phone No. 19  *    *
Mrs. Xasheridan
„,     FAVILLE UGUGUANZA^ '.
Mi - si dice: L'ugY.agliemza ragglun-
glbile l'abbimo. Chiedere di piu . e
Utopia. La legge e'.ugualolper tutti
Tanto il ricco. quanto jlpovero hanno
]* stess« Btrade'e'lorstesBd'-cImltero.
Tanto puo viagglare.l'uno che-Taltro;
umcav*differenza e la classe.",' Eppoi:
I rlcco d'dggi e il pdvero ,di ieri. Nulla
impedlsce al poVero d'oggi' d'essere.
u ricco dl domani? '■   " A     '
Difattl'nulla, fubrche'l'onesta; -.'"So
il povero e furfaute presto cessa :'d'es-
sere povero. • Dlventa cavaliere. La
legge e uguale per tutti.'- ■Verissimo--
solo non si- applica ugual mente per
tutti. La grande maggioranza dei pp."
veri, in nome della ■ legge' e, condan-
nata; quella dei ricchi assoita. ' '
Nello scandalo di Napoll il nbine del
principal! colpovoli e tenuto nel mas-
slmo rlserbo.
Pero per un misero Co II rlserbo?
Ricco e povero hanno le stesse strode;
J«o uno si fa trascindro e l'altro tras-
clna; Vettura ed automobile da soli
non corrono. Hanno le stesse stradej
non le stesse case. ., Chi fa i'palazzl o
scacclato da una stamberga della'quale
non puo pagar l'affitto.   ■ '.     ,
. ^_ t Sipuo.viagglare anche, in . terza
_. * ^|classe tanto si, arriva InsiemeA Ma
~ * non e il viaggiare cho fa penaAe il
biglietto. Differcnza solo di classe-
classe di sfruttatorl e di sfruttatl
', Ugiiagllanza? ,. Ma se perfin le cro-
ci chesl innalza il povero son le prime
die abbatte II vento!    *
\LA  RIVOLTA:DE|   MINATORI. ;
Cbiemah;
?'W.H. ^uri;   -:^Prop.
Trade Marks
t v- Designs .
Invention ia probably Batontablo.  -WmrTfi^?
Scientific Jhttericiitt.
- A handsomely IUu_tr_,tod weekly. __an_B_fc &__••
ygStlon of any golemlflo .ournal.   uSSS *£
ADVERTISE ,IN   THE   LEDGER
. ll uenoueaiera,    ■ v - -   •    ..   ■     —      *
«*fispte__ite_wt
Keep on Advertising
.11 recente sciopero'd'Inghllterra, nel
quale SOno cpinvolti circa un' milione
di minatorl,  segha un'epoca interes-
sante nella' storia. industrial di quella
nazione. ,  La rimarchevole* urianimita
e prontezza con cui i minatori affronta-
rono.la critica situazione, ponendo concord! in disparte' pale e picconi, e uno
splendido esemplo. di ".solidarieta - che
dovrebbe essere imitato da*tutte quei?
le class! che Vogliono migliorare le
proprle condizloni.   '   '
• La vita delminatoreingiese e stata
sinora-una .vita dl stent!, di prlvazioni
e di miserie*. •'  Le * intollerablli condi-
zionl di?lavoro,-le_paghe derisorie, l'in-
certezza'del lavoro od il perlcolo dell'
occupaziorie, hanno reso 1'esistenza'dci
minatore.talmeri'te triste, da destare le
simpatie di quant'i no'n sono procllvl a
sfruttare le masse, operate! '     7  * *
T 7y>lngf^y*  At ^t^.„«T«^i^_J_^^»_T. ! ,^L
 u ■-»"«<:i "lama-^-ui-DrancIa-
che si troyavano ijelle identlche condizloni dei compagni'd'Irighilterra,'se-
guirono Tesempio .del' compagni? della
bionda Albione « fecero.una,grande di-
mostrazione contro la~rpars!monia e
l'ingordigla dei padroni' dl minlere d!
entrambe'le nazloni. *,'.. -' ■
?l Per mezzo dell'unlone, 11 mlnatore
e stato in grado di rlmediarein parte
all'ingiusto trattamento a. cui L\-eniv"a-
assoggettato;-* colla s'peranza irispba?-'
ta .dal*'parziale7successo, 'rbrganizza-
zione del minatorfe giunta ad.un.'pun-
to tale, da fare.la.presente.vig'orosa
protests. _ .L'Europa' intieraha-assis-
tito ed assiste tuttdra' con interesse e
con timore alia'presente fermata deli'-
Importante Industfia carbonifera; "ma
gh scioperantisl sono gia guadagnate
Ie simpatie di tutto'il mondo.-       	
La domanda.che venisse stabilita'la'
Paga minima non pdteva che incoh-"
trare'l'appoggio di 'tutti. , Lo stabilire'
una.condizione in forza della qua'c- i
padroni non possano far lavorare l*um-
amta a prezzi irrisorii,,non solo'e da'
■lodarsi, ma in se stesso e un incen-
tivo per conser'vare un'buon governo
sociale.. . .  '
II" fattoche gll Ufficiali del' Governo
della Gran Brettagna hanno preso una
parte attlvlsslma'nella soluzione del
problenjn, dimostra chlaramente "quale
e. quanta' fosse l'importanza "dell'un-
ione dei mlnatorl sopra il. Governo
stesso. ' , *    -'
Le Ingiustizio patite dal* minatori
delle decadl passate, li hanno costretti
ad unlrsl cosi strettamente, che le loro
proteste, quando, vengono fatte, sono'
talmente formidabill, da destare le piu
serie apprensioni fra gli abitanti dell'
Inghilterra.- ' ,    .
, Lo sciopero viene condotto dal capi
con rara, ahilita ed, accortezza ed i
minatori dimostrano di essere all'al
tezza dei tempi e di sapere cos'e l'un-
ione e la solidarieta.   '       ,  '
Per quanta'teorle si possano' avah-
zare, rlmane il fatto* cho 1'unione e
1'arma piu potente e formidabile che
resta al lavoratore? • Lo prova lo sclo-
Wro.del mlnatorl. d'Inghllterra. Ora
non rimarie che augurarsi di cuore che
al, minatori della Gran Brettagna, della
Germania e della Prancia venga resa
completa giustizia, che le loro domah-
desiano favorevolmente accolte e che
tale esempio sia imitato dal capitalis-
H dl queste cqiitrade.
,Una,*vlttoira dei minatori d'lughll-
terra, dl Germania e'di Prancia* avra
un benefico^riflesso anche nella situazione mineraria degli Stati Uniti.' -
.11 movimeiito operaio d'America ,e
in pieno accordo con quello .del minatorl' d'Europa.e non rlmane che. far'
voti che "Tlesca'* trionfante nella lotta,
come tutto concorre a far credere.-
L'Unione, Pueblo, Col. . •   ,
130 PERSONS PERISH
Ac'-.    0F,AUSTRALIAN COAST
Wiwicag. Picked Up Omshor^Hs.
; y     Story of Missing Sterner, -,   %.
7P?3RTH; Western Australia, April 3.
-Wreckage picked up 0ff the coast
appears to spal-the fate of the fifty
passengers and eighty me» of'the Bri-
tish steamer., Kombana, which    has
been missing since the disastrous ty-
phoon that prevailed on the'north wen
coast of Western Australia during the
last week, of March.-     •. ; i
* The./, wreckage   of" theJlCombana
wnlch belongs to Adelaide, Was found
in the vicinity bf the pearl fishing ata-
tion at-Broome, a small seaport in the
Kimdol division of western JiustraUa.
"During the typhoon C7 pcard fishing
boats belonging toBroome weVwrcck
ed and over 40 pearl fishers I0& faolr
lives. ,    ; y
■ The. Kombana was a steamk- of
2,182 tons?* - She,was built at Ghs-
gow in 1900. . - ,        ,        ,^
S_>'j%«.
m
SORROW?
:
MINESAND CENSUS
BRANCHES CHANGED
Former Goes.to  Interior, Latter    to
, Trade and Commerce Department
OTTAWA, Aprill^Two important
departmental changes have gone into
effect by Pjrder In council, when 'the
mines branch was transferred from
the department of inland' revenue .0
the minister of Interior;'and tho cen-
aus .and statistics branch,* which has
been under the minister of agriculture
since its.organization, was transferred
to -tip .minister-of trade and com-
merce.      ,''**,'
r
THE COAL OUTLOOK
iwu hisWildgats
'  "?__W A HARVEST OF SORJ.OW     ^
How many young men
can , look- back on their
- early life and regret their
misdeeds.   "Sowing tlieir
' wild oats" in various ways.
Excesses, violation of nature's laws,* "wihe, womea'
and, song"—all have their
victims.    YJoii have reformed but what about'the
seed you have sown-what *
about the harvest?   Don't
.trust to luck.   If you are
at present within the
clutches of any secret habit'
which is sapping your life
by degrees; if you are suf-
ienng from the results of
past indiscretions; if your
 ww^-«c.«—        bl0Ofl hns beeu tainted from
dare not marry; if you are .narrir... ,',,,11' ' "."   , 0,,y P"vate disease and you'
out and cxiKjsingVour past- H von %_?« )? !-n dre;l'I,of symptoms breaking
«fe-DRS. K. & K ARE YOUR &¥th%XQSalt of a mis^
theinconfid^ly^^^^^^
YOU CAN PAY WHEN riTRFn
BLOOD «nTuRINACRTcoit5^^^^^^
'"cONSU a" Di,eMe< P««>i" to Me„yS' ^IDNEY *nd BLADDER Dij.
Dbs.KENNEDY&KENNEDY
_»Nflm£     and G"8Wold St" ^troit' Mich«
P^S2Il£f l^to0"** — beaddre-ed to our'
Detroit as we see;and treat no Sn 1 at,T?l,r, Med,«»l Institute in
used for* corrcspondenc? nrd'ffij T ^,nds?.r °«"'^S'which are'
Address all letters Slows:    Laborator^ for  Canadian   business only.
WnteforourprEdgNEDY,& KENNEDY, Winder, Ont .
If.  BAD MEN WERE  KILLED
Toronto /Priest -0Deplores   Immo-allty
'    ■   Among Canadian Men'
-. -inNGSTONTOnETAprfl 6.-In a se'_:
mon tp men in St. Mary's Cathedral,
llev Father,/ones, a Redeinptlonlsl
priest of Toronto, spoke strongly* on
the necessity of'virtuous manhood. Ho
reminded his hearers of the penalty
for.adultry In,Israel. "What,"' ho ask-
,ed,-"would'be the census of Canada
If the mon" who commit adultry were
stoned to death?"
. In- a country with the great coal resources of British Columbia, and the
comparatively backward conditions of
industrial development, it might bo
supposed that the inroads being made
by oil threaten,the markets for coal
The .economic effected in heating*
plants and in the steamship service of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, by the*
use of residuurn'oll as fuel in place of
coal have proved to be substantial and
though-the extent-of'the consumption
of coal replaced by'oil is not as yet
large, we note, a new departure which
will undoubtedly-affect the coal market of the interior for" the present. We
refer to the use of oil bn the railways"
_Grant_H._ll _honri_«f_+».« _.,.___--_______
—• , -— .—-• -«»-t"c-uici;iiaiiicai"ae-*
partment of-the CPU, informs us he
hopes- to have-.every engine on the
-Mountain'Division equipped witli- oil
burners by May next, and looks for Ira-
portant economies in-labor, cost of
fuel, and' lesseninf of fire risk.-- If
the experiment is' successful,.it Is cer?
tain the use of oil. on the railway will
be extended,' and. the coal mines will
most important markets* as (a consequence. The Coast miiies are better
situated than-the.mines of the interior, as they have the whole Pacific
Coast of the American Continent for
their markets,, The demand in this'"
direction is rapidly increasing, is far
in excess of present available supplies
and likely to-be such as-cannot be
easily overtaken despite the extended
use^of oil.-B. C. Mining and Engineering Record. ■   ,
THERE WILL BE NO "LEADER
;    ■>      OF.THE OPPOSITION
tions gave but little hope of an Immediate settlement. , The price "of fuel
'rose 100 per cent in twenty-four hours
and "already the shortage is causing
Paralysis among industries.,Thymine
owners have delivered an ultimatum
that they will hot grant the 15 per
cent wage increase "dejnanded by the
men.- ■•■'.*•
.Declares-barker?. Williams .
VICTORIA, April 8.-There will be'
no leader of the opposition In .the
provincial-legislature, for both-Social-
-.■.t-nieulbers-eiecrh-a\^^ecl^^~th^
intention of "playing it alone."' Mr
Parker Williams, of Newcastle, was a
visitor in Victoria today, and declared
that the hotelkeepers" at LadvsraRh
had done,their.best to defeat him. •
. THE,SPANISH COAL STRIKE
John C. Haddock, president of the
Plymouth Coal Company, of Scranton,
Pa.,,has issued "a statement under the"
J caption "Men   versus   Melons." , and
.places responsibility for the present •
anthracite coal 'situation at the door"
of. coal carrying railroads,, which, ho
asserts   charge   exhorbitant   feright;
rates to all shippers,' Including' their °
own subsidiaries, with'the result that'
th__.A,rO-b_E_Ltef£Abut-l^nay_PaiiiL'-_-ti;e^^
«.n tl__.__. _t__       _.. ._**■ ... _-      K *-'      "I
~>^^^X\£££S^^J2L-
railroads enacting the dual role.
, We see "by the papers" that*an official with the promising cognomen,o£
Doollttle has. been appointed tb the
Place made vacant by the resignation
of. Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, the food expert. ,;' If the new Incumbent con manage to live up tohls name, he is likely
to hold the job down as long "ns ho
pleases—N. Y. Call.
1   o
jyTAKES no differences how largo or how small your cunital
«■*, come to me and 111 show and prove to yoii how n_.,! wC
your invostinont will mako you big profits in buying lots
QPPOJiTUNITY seldom lingers-ahvays on tho move.    What mn
oU,Jr\J'lyX  0Ut- y°m* oPPortiinity-yonVo missed somo good
chances, horo its coming yonr wny again   "   "
Edmonton, Moose Jaw, Lethbridge,
Swift c.^m. ^i^^.. UI...I.." -
»   ,.,       ^y,   tmm m   m   ^^ U M.tkM      ^^f^tJ^la tlTL ftMM   tUf m      umh a^aitM |||| r'M^
Port Mann,  New Hazelton,
Fori Fraser,  Macieod
£k! dti08biiifTl!°/i.,,nnk-e1?. °i *he f"ture-     BiS «"*«ne town-
Suno for Ztvlf   Yi md,cati0118„ 'in(1 ft «"•'« "ouree of wealth and
louuno toi the investor, large or small.
iETTEK buy  now and share in the profit*.' that's bound.,, con.o
^.°™l-!i'i,ti<,0'",tho,lflhireof'"0'';
N inch, it taken at thn flood, lends on to fortune."
mT«,h!!!",h "",\;ltrr|i,Hvt! ciro«'«™ «««i i"ii«t™t«i i.,K,kietH f„r«,«'
1u.k1.1g.  , Write, phono or call.    Open evenings.    Swine flmf.
0     R
i have a fair
.MX
10 offer. Get in.
INSURANCE
of every description negotiated.     See me.
eg"i|i«ai«ij-._gii-jMW
KASTNER   Real Estate
, c
*5    . -»i .,'Vs"•-*_-•■-'?-i"      <>-"    7    - **,*'-.*
-   \\
?-     "     7  -'.-'    .""'     ","*.*- ' --.--"'   J.-7-7   -" * <•"■',''•'• "«*-;-'-° ","■•-• *° " "<"* -'   . o-".' ~'~- * .•*-""£, *>r   _"■ :"•*■»■ 7; -•."    "*   '
'-.\A'.7,A7      * ' A .-'   j,,--! -7 ySv '."^'A y   ._ • -.AyAy .A-;,d" .„.AAy V** A*7
77', ' <7;7A;Av r'-y . ,   A      ,   A** --■.'* A' . '■--**/^"-7. A.'" - *: 7 AAy ■•-, v^V^'AA  ■■ y.*. <
PAGE TEN
" AAytv ' "' ~~".l AT*'?5'*', ->;';aV?- "-• *
ra_'Pwra
■'; y^yxy::7s::wx:yX:-Xyy yyyiy;yy0- ^'^yyiy£xx.y-y>-- ^ys^ys' y
yss
•U     ,-_
-JA-v
T> -
!    -
-,.'
A ■- '
^     ,
y,--y
f
i.
I*,
1*-..
, .25
i-
" .25 ,
.25*
!   .'25
.25 .
' * , .        •>    ,'     n —        ,' '  ' >    -
A great array of new suits on.sale.Saturday. .
" -We are.ready for the rush.on pay day \vitli an,assemblage of Tailor-,
ed Suits that do credit to'tlie city.       y    , ,-."""     , "'
Every Suit is of the newest type, and every garment .made by com- -.y
peteht tailors." -', Black, Navy, Green and Brown Ladies' Cloth with; ,,,-
Satin .trimmings,' worth up to $18; on sale Saturday. $10.00. ,
J   *,"-'     '    '   '   See Styles in Windows
■" ' * ,. "' * •
*.'""*-:,*-       ? .<  ■*      •* ■        ,      „    '-> . *      * '. >.*"<>
Rain Coats' in Grey, Green, Fawn and Black and White check, in all -" ^-|
vi..., styles; worth up to $15.00; clearing Saturday foi- $7.00.*      ,   "'   '- A ] Xy'
i Come Early and Make Selections of our Bargains. ^Ready-to-Wear   y£
- - ■   ry.   ■-'.        >   'Department,   Second; Floor •  "^      ■   .A' v'   ,"^
?s ?r '
V
Powdered' Ammonia,' 2 lb. p^gs., 2 'for ?
Lima Beans,' 3 * lbs. for   :..-.,. *.' ...
Quaker Oats, 5 lb pkg. >ith china. '...
Corn1 Flakes, 3 for    :,.,.......
7    Canada First" Cream", 20 oz., 3 for" ?..'..
.,     Braid's-Best 'Coffee, -freshly ground, 21b for   .85^'
,*-*'■.-            '              . '
.■Extracts,' 2  ozA -." '.1.. .,.'•' A   .10 (
40 Watt'Tungsten Lamps, each ...:     .85/
-   60 "Watt Tungsten Lamps, each...... ...,7,1.10   ,
-Lombard Plums," 2's, 2 for \ .. :.'7...,.."...'   ?25 ,
Greengage' Plums,  2's,, 2 for   ..'....'..;...., .35
Damson Plums, 2's, 2 for      . •••-.-•.••    -25' ,'
-. Lethbridge Flour,'98 " lb. sacks.  _ .3.25
.„ .Crosse .and Blackwell's Jam, 7's   ......... 1.00
* - Crosse and "Blackwell's^ Jam," 4'sA— ....    .65^
Pure Lard, 5 lb. pail  ....7 .-...A     -^0
,'    Sheri-iff s Marmalude,-4: lb.' tins .«. ,'.\y •'•   ; 60 ,
■  Sherriff's Marmalade,*2 lb. glass,. >... .>. ?..      .35'
,.    ,,'Wethey's.Mincemeat,' 1 lb", pkgs.' .*: —°.. v - ?10^
*   yCJueen quality Sour 'and Chow Piekles, 20' oz.    .25";
. y. Queen Quality-Sweet and Onion-Sickles 20, oz.  '".30,
'' Fresh Lettuce, per.lb. .... .i...... y.. ' -30 -
-  Alymer's Pork and Beans, 2's, 3 for ... .*:..: ••   .25
' Baby's Own Soap, .per box .,......».30
'   Perfect Laundry- Soapr8 bars for     -25'-
,-i *  Snap Hand'Cleaner, 2.tins .. .■ _-. -'-S- •   }^
: •"    'Chinese Laundry;Starch; 2 pkgs. .. v 77. ; .25
;    '  Patterson's "Saucer.^Vpts.' ,.......' y ■-■.•"•• ■■• _£°,
• 1 [olbrooke's'Punch'Sauc?, % pts A • •  y^
' , .•'' En'os'\Fruit Salts', per •.bottle ............y\   .75-
„".-" Dutch-Onion Sets, 2 lb.'.'..'...;.'-..... X"-: -'• S   ?35
-•■Bulir.Tea, ,3,1b. XXXyS AA*....'.....- KOO
'' .. V Crosse' and Blackwell-'sWinegar, % pts., 2'£6r. - .25.
."'* *-"..>"*     -.'*.."       ,~ %<v ■   .    ,                            r-   i; ■-    - *B
,   _ m.i :«".   10 lv,. ,'■   .        - _SD
;    I Men's;3-piece Suits in-fine'"Worsteds and imported Tweeds; m grey;
>. browns,°greeris and; blues'; every-garmeiit is perfect fitting and_has_-
,R -the style. always found* in 20th' Century Br'tod ^land-Tailored gai*-
"  ,   ments./.* Suits up to' $25.00'to :be clearedat $18.50;,Suit's up to$27".50
'•to'be cleared at $20.00.    'yX^yy. \; - A*., -'*- 7 '«     •-? . ."
* ,.  ,.- - ,,    *..•    t s*,      '*,'<"-.'',."   ■,"•,-
*' •   ■-    A s7'- See our Windows for, Patterns 'S .'■'■'■   "    ;'   ,,
Felt, "Straw and' .Linen' Hats in every desirable shape now'in' stock.
ASee them and-get,one while*the'variety lasts.1',1 -•.,'*
., ,      A     v JUST "WRIGHT'! SHOE FOR MEN,  5    ^     ,    j,
'' If you need. Slides you cannot afford to let .this opportunity, pass. • j
.New'lasts in;Vilpur..Calf,-.Gun'-Metal, Pat'ent7Colt, Vici Kid,-and
Tan Calf Blucher."   Regular $6.50, for $5.25; regular, $6.00," for $4.75*;
-'Regular $5.50, for $4.50. "   .-,-A * ^ A  '." " ■•*■   *:'..      ; 7      "   ,.,.
-.',"•   '      '    See Our Window for These, Lines ''■•',,"',:
r Ilea'vy.Stifel Blue Denim with whitq _jtripe>itf bibs only. , These
"are.regular"$1.50 value. Special $1.25.';,7<y'        .A'      ( ;'■     '-' '
I • V'-«*wV'ar'e 'offering at (very-'reduced, prices" a .large'range of.-Ladies'.'.",
■ • \ "rlow cut Shoes tnfd',Okordsin;PatentrT£in;-and;yici fid leathers?- y -J .
Si  , '';7. bonHFaU to seiethese bargains,* they are,.woiHli your while:  y   •'■,
Have you been to the Isis?
Mr Herbert Lobsinger, has accepted.
a position at McLean's
Book Store.
Drug    and
FERlMIE FOOTBALL NOTES
On Monday,night, April 15th, the
boards of the "Grand Theatre will bo
occupied by the Toronto Glee Club.
■O —___,—,-    ■■/ ■■■■____..—■
,   KASTNER.—On Thursday, April 11,
at tholr redldonco on McPhoroon Avo.,
to Mr and Mrs, 'M. A. Kastner, a dau-
, ghlor      '\ *
' At a rnasB meeting In Trafalgar Sq.,
London, thousands of people protest-
od against tho nrro.it and Imprison-
mont of Tom Mann, the syndicalist
loader. Thoy sang the Marseillaise,
nnd earrlod rod flags and banners.
*, The Seniors,, will" play, their. ?tlrst
match on Saturday April 13th (today),'
on Fernie's Ground; kick off at 6 p.m.
Coal Creek, will be the opponents.'.
,,   ♦•'•«'*'   ■     . '-
Pernio will be represented by. Cooper
(goal); T. Shields and J. Wardrope
(backs): Mills; Sweeney, Llnsley (|hal-
yes); McCormack, Watson, Partridge,'
O. Jolnson, P. Joinson (forwards). Re-,
serves; Howden, Bain and Thornton.
'  * *,*'*.,, '
Tho Football, Club aro holding a
Basket Social and Danco on Monday,
April 22, In tho Minors' Hall at 8 p.m.
Any lady desirous of helping tho club
can do so by sending h basket to bo
auctioned;1   and   ovory   young * man
will' be, distributed* to all members^
the-convention.,- .Ay ■ yy , J,
Twenty-eight delegates ,were ■ present today," among them Mrs." Edith L.
Cody, of Philadelphia, and Mrs.- Ollv'o
Johnson, of Oakland^Callfornla, acting
as a proxy for.Oregon,
lng,lives whon.accidents,occur. The
Fluiss safety apparatus and appliances
have been installed with all accessories.      ' '
WHO WILL 8UCCEED^ GOODEVE?
Tho acceptance by'A. S. Goodeve",
M. P. for the .Kootenay Division in the
Ottawa house, on'tho,railway commie-
slor. will necessitate a by-olection, and
many candidates, pbss'ble and, other-
wi'io have, already been jSpokon of h >
far Nolson seems to have all.tho st\y
that is as far as nowspapor talk Is concorned, no less thnn five being alroady
montlonod by tho "News" of that city'
, ' * TAINTED LAW
Judicial opinions of our highest
courts have been written'In the offlcoB
of legal departments of railroads and
other corporations,' .courts have been
packed ln order'to render decisions In
favor-, of certain; corporations—not
once, but so often that tho resulting
danger haB becomo too great to Ignore.
—C. . Connolly. -   '.
should get his best girl busy on some J"? «?.«•/ J™,V*^ '
imlquo production of baBkot novelty
•   .   •
Tho club wlshos to thank Messrs Ken
re(iy and Mnngivn for tholr aubn'i'ip-
tlon ($5.00) und for supplying lumbor
to repair dressing shuck,     Thoy nlso
F. A, Starkoy, W. Garland Foster,
Mayor nnable (of Nolson), and ,our
old friend', Harry Wright. Of theso
Green scorns to bo tho most populnr.
No doiibt tho Nolson folk' think that
whero thoro aro bo many local asplr
Lots in the.New Town of
Why porslBt Jn bolng Imposed upon
by buying poor traHhy alum baking
powder whon you can Just as woll buy
Muglo Unking Powdor.yhojiealth giving "No Alum" brand nl tho namo
prlco?    At nil* grocers,,
Tho T.ndloB' Guild or Christ Church
will hold a handkerchief baumir and
(lolli'iUnHMn nolo nt fl.KO on Saturday,
April llllli, In tbo storo rooms formerly occupied by A, A.' McBoim. A
Hiwdnl foaiiiro nt tho bnKiiar will bo
tlio JnpunoHo Tea Hoom,
1 Mr. A. !. Illnta. tho well-known hlgli-
class gropor of I'rnnlc, ban boughl out
Mr. ..aytio.'j. oBlnhllshmont In Bollovuo. Mr. UlnlB IntondB making tho
tiloro qulto upto-dato and promises
tho Ikillovuo Inhubltants to glvo them
it lurgn und choice assortment of
goods,
wish to thank Dan McNo.sh and the ants, an outsider ma^ ^o »• P»b
Ttni-o vnn n*»r*iir*»«l vmir tMiot tot
th« Football Club's IlaBknt Social nnd
1 Dnnco to bo held In tho Minor"***. ..nil
..n Monday, April 22nd. if no. u*»U
any member uf llio club-he'll be
p'etmed to sell you hnff-a-doxon, If .on
nf. <1 >m.     Prlf«»—Two-blt».
Athletic Ansoolatlon  for rolling the
ground,
* *   *
Tho Juniors aro certainly thoro with
tho goods and succeded In putting U
nil ovor Conl Crook Juniors at tho
Crook on Good Friday to tho tunc of
;;-■"_, Not content with this tliey
outpointed Ihom i.n TuoBdny, rt
Fernie, by 1 to nil.
* , ♦   *
It in hoped to arrange n progritimno
for lho .lunlorn throughout tbo PiihH
und llio Unhurt Cup Ih tlio trophy. Wo
eorlnlnly think thoro Ib somo good
material in Iho youngsteiH, nml nil
thoy neod Ib lot» of tonm prnothto nnd
n bi'ttor knoulodKit of whoro tho _p_l
tn . tn nro gonorally sltiintcd, and thon
thoy will .nut ntnrt "olonnlng up,"
" »   •   * ,
lliao you .ccurod your ticket for
lho Football Cliib'H tTliiHltot Social nnd
I.iinco to ho held In1 tho Minor's Hall
<,|l Aiuii.i<i>, A(iiu «•«•«. it <««> »*•«•.
Any y„i.i.iU.i' i.-l J3'C iluV hi']] \n
pjcififd lo soil you linlf-n-iios-cn. If you
mr«rt Vm.     Pi tce—Two-bltn. '
lorn.    Fornlo.will, howovor, wo understand, also claim tho, honor of a Con-
sorvatlvo nominee, and In thin rospoct
Dr. Uoimcll Is tlio ono ho fur spoken
or.     Thoro hnH not been much «tjr
bo fur umoiiKBt tho Liberals, except
thut Mr. Macdonaid, a ono-llmo partner of llosH, Macdonaid und I.niio, who
Ih at proRont. In prnotlco In Vancouver, Ib lokod upon ns tlio Liberal "Hiiro-
ilnrd-bonror,    Tho SoclallstH, ho far,
hnvo not mado a movo, but aro, novor-
tholoBB, watching closely.
LONDON, April O.—Tho "decision of
the Miners' Federation to ordor t.ho
men to reRumo work Hub brought in-
tonso relief to tho wholo country. Tho
termination of tho coal tsi-lko virtually amounts to raising a ruinous slogo
of tho nation's Indnatrlos which has
inflicted financial Iobb fin; largor than
would havo boon caused by u war
with a groat powor of-similar duration.
In Scotland tho miners will return
to colllorloB on.Monday hut as thnt
day Is a holiday In Englnnd nnd Wnlcn
tho strikers there will not return te
tho conl pitB until TuoHdny. In many
of tho mlncB two or throo dayn moro
will olupBo beforo repairs cnn bo completed. By tho ond of lho week, howovor, It' Ib oxpootcd I hat every colliery
will be In full swing.
A. ELMER nEIMER
Ittt  C*Vt.__._>Mt.
It	
Ludlei' Tailor of Boston to be Socialist
Candidate for the Presidency
NKW YOHK, April JO.-Tho Socialist lnbor pnrty at Itn nntlonnl convention hero unnnlmoualy nomlnatod Ar-
  _ lliiii-Klrwr ItclmrT. n IndU-a'tnllor. of
^Witot'iftUMo*Trabl«. and, tl«)r«fortf,'|no«to«, Mubb,, for P«Mil»nt of th«
ire nw-d haw nothing but coraplawnee I United Btatoa, *nd Augnat Oi.bnus. of
ovor ih« «M*nl.*«l tramp problom.(New York, a atationery cngineei. for
Trampa *lw> «smployment io poller iVIce-PiealdeuL Daniel Dd«on pr«•fln^
kimj. dftetthe*. JtJd-se*. Wirt. ntUek- «I *h« platform, which emA*mmA U»
CS. lir.f..n ennnft, **tt\>*m*rit wfir\*rn,>m*th<n,* of ow_nl«>r» like Haywood.
According to political cconomiaU
tho idle rich nro noclally deilrnblc, bo-
eaus" thoy make work for nnd rIvo
employment' to others. If thoy went
to work, or curtailed tholr nccda, they
would be «"[ff.h In thm i!i»prlv.r.ir
others or lho bleaied privlloKea of toll.
Ily the tame sign the fdl^ V<'«r "rf.
Horo Ih an nstounfnng fnct thnt crop-
pod up In tho Houso of CommonH tho
other dny und which ought to muko
lho western farmers alt up nnd take
notice.
The peoplo of Canadn pre paying for
the mllltla one-third oa muoh per capita «• Germany l» paying for her huge'
army, the greatest In the world!
Whnt do tho I'foplo of Canada got
In return for all Hits gold laco Jlum-
suery umi .a*M'f> iiiiraiidumA.Ur Su-
thing, fthfolutpjy nothing. Thc Canadian rnllltla rc<*m« lo «l»t iwor* for
tho Hoclnt foiiiKlcrlnijH nnd solf-ndvcr-
J lining stun tn of fnt mllllonnlros llko
S.r HMiVy I't'lmu iriiiTi tut l.nd ufcltiitu
of the country. Cnnnda cannot afford extensive playthings—yot. Later on, porhnp*.**-U C EdwardB.
MINING EXAMINATIONS
Hxamlnatloiifl will ho hold for Int.
2nd, nnd 3rd elnnn certificates of competency under tho provlnlons of tho
Conl MlnoB Hngulntlon Act, at Nanaimo, Fornlo, Cuniborlnnd nnd Morrltt,
on tho" 7th, 8th nnd Oth days of Mny,
1312. Commencing at 0 o'clock In tho
forenoon. For further particulars apply to' Tully Iloyco, secretary, Nnnnl-
mo, n.c.
The Fornlo* Stcmii Lnufiflry'nml
Dyo Worlw .wport_ bunine»H im-
jiloMHK ltd i.i-u i<»ia.       *<«%»   •«'•'
miVuiv ii miction in pricm or.
nj-ciuB nixl ^renoli Dry Clonninf.
fo'r the sprinjf trnrlrt. AIro ft
chenp monthly !rt,irulvy Vnle for fill
Imolic-lorB will ho Rivnn.    A trial
. -i,    n 1      i .  .,.'../
they nre O. K.
Will be sold at auetiori in the town of
Coleman, Alberta, Mpnday,, April 22, 1912
"     Hnvestlbove Ground
in a town whoso success is g.m. ante. d by a mnnbor of great nml fcmrbig Imtateo.
'. "An invostmont horc.is in my opinion, ono of tlio ^t'ost, surest and most prof,.-
nbio that could bo ont'oi'ed into.    ■ ,. *        , '.'■■■■>
■.'    Tt ,B 8|lf0|, t1w„ ft s,lvi,wa i,allk. nB jt is not subject to panic, while the prospect;
ive profits nro infinitely greater,
It in Bur., because as a matter of history, property in town..backed by grout.
industries 1ms always .■mid its owners handsomoly.
' *,*,... ,„,„ piu, ,„,i „n.v terms olfered op «*KT nOLUMAN lots, mto the
w«l-o enrnor an opp.n-tnnitv which has hiihStoton enjoyed only by thoso hnv.ng
liirpjo oat»itit1._
Lots $50 and upward according to location
For particulars addrcs. Thos. Crahan, New Michel, B.C.
* t
OntoM wlllbo opon in COLEMAN beforo tlio onlo
MING SAFETY 6TATION
charity oipert", reform*™ •»«! bjabJ"
other*. \M m» Ik. raretol how we
denoutif* Ihetn l*it w# opiet tbo
whole fabric of criminology?
jmv
wbo manaK-sd tho Lawrence strike
Tho attention of the flnnl adoption
of tho platform .va» postponed until
tomorrow, wh«n printctl copk* of It
J11W   ttWMHt VHHWfa"""
nLAinMOHR, April 4,-Tho In»ta1la-
Hon of the rnlnf-rn' r*fcu« station at
Blairmore h»i been completed, and a
c\\\*a ot t-h&i-ta ntHttr Mine Matttfter
Milter, aro huny learning *ow lo um
the apparatiu and bo ready for prompt
wiponie to tho mil for help. Tbe
•tation, Wnl^h w«« pnt In hy th« Provincial Oownm eftt, In rnnch appreciated by the minor*, and thoro In no
doafct It will wot* » gT«ftt tU it Mfr
l.nii
nin^iiinri Mo   Pnnt « IWnrrl
POR SALIil—niikorn «nop compiotn!
Pour-roomod Cottagoi clothes cIobo'.',
water; "nowly iialntcd; noar ochool.
dhlpninn Avonuo. Annex.    Cheap for
l .   n»»,.„„       Pf._l» T.'^rr.   .TltlOT'Ost.
w»-...,    -,  >
Alberta.        "
For Sale
nm'n.win * nnnTfl—Vfi v*r dor
Cobbnfie PUnt«. «0 ccntu por JOO
ui.nl;  M.ii  Wt!i)	
<\ho  \i ncro lot, 1150.00;   lorm*.
Apj.ly, John McUfhlcn. West Fomle.
miu„^m         ,,     ,    L_,'u _u j    ■   _lim ■     ...i    "i-^- ti""""*
CCK5TCIW 4 MttNttlt
Oarr!iter» A. 8o1l*sltor», NotartM, *••
Offlceir fek«t»Ir) Bolldlnfl.
trtm\; O-Cr,,
POR SALE—Howbo, 1 rooms, bath
nhd pnntry, connected rnngo; block
47, McAvo/ Btrcot. Centrally located.
All fenced nnd pnlntod. I2B00, terms.
Cheap for cosh. Apply, U O. Kvan,
Box 123.
FOR BALE
.«   «nvt,  •nfl^s ' nnPTVOTOV
jrouju  *.»»**l/  **w*.    ....»•
IJuj .*»<'* ?ft CWrVfi. ^007"
IJUFP OUPINOTON HWN and IB
Chicks,' 18.00.    •
Anothor HBN nnd 12 Chicks, 14.60.
Also ISO CHICKS, 3 days old; will
•     _i #, -,,. MtiwiVfiri roniilr^d
ALBERT DAVIS, Annox Extonalon.
Fornlo. 11
WANTED-tWT DOSS with papers
nt m™ for now mlno, Good wnftoo to
rlnht man. Apply, with full particu-
lars to Mr, Eaton, P. O, Drawer I6ii»,
Calgary, AUa.*
FOn SALE, HOSMER PROPKRTY.
Hosmer. I1.C-Lots 11 and 12, TOo<.k
6, Corner Main St., and Third Avenoo,
«0 hy 100 feet j otto of tb« bost corners
fn ih* city; must sell at oneo; Iflla
first class, what" am I ^offered 1—V.
McLachlan, Tlqx 324, Princo Tlnport, n.
FOIl SALE-Throo cars flrBt-cla*5H
haled OAT HAY; prlco 10.00 f. o. b.
Coaldalo. This Is rich stuff wltb
moro feeding vnluo for tha money tlm
any othor hay. Will _»nd ■atnpl«.«-
T, W .Wk«> Coaldalo, Alia.
FOU SALE OH nENT—Threo-room.
rd rdastered Hougo In Wost Pernio,
Apply, K. Wriffht, West Pernio.   i»uM
m
I
POIl 1.ENT-House. 4 rooms with
itall, meat kitchen, clothes closet, eel-
lor, water,'nlnkAolwtrtc light, etc.
Situated next W<*.k Oentral.School,,
Apply V/m. llartoft.
iron nE>m-Btor« m itm J^^
Dlock.    Apply, Croe and Moffatt.  ,
'BTIUWDEimY PLANTS —Hard/
NorthernRrown ncclltnatod stock. Senator Dunlop and PArson's Benjity, two
of tho most productive varltlos propagated und.r tho mnnt. favorable conditions from tho R, M. K*llog«r strain of-
ucdlsrcc plantfl. Vv^n ?10.00 \*r moo
FOB Wynndel. Monrad Wl««n,
Wynnd«l.n.C. Mi
F0n*8Al_»-Two plastered throrf,
roomed lick***, "n,|illi <wt-l>*IW|nfs at-
{ai.Mr. nrtit TP(»Mrr tt ffwnt sunn with *•
very easy terme Apply, ti. Wrlgbl, *
VfaiC Vornle.
I

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