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The District Ledger Oct 12, 1912

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The Official Organ of District Ifo. 18, U. M..W. of A.
$1.00 A YEAR.
". TABER, October 5.—The miners of
the EurekaMhie laid down their tools
on the 7 28th .September. It"0 seems
that the men only received one-third
of   their wages- due   them   for, the
month of July, and have not received
1 . a.- . r.
any wages since.that. time.- .However, it.seems that'"the-men agreed to
continue .woncr on promises Handed
out by the General Manager, Mr. Bar-
>ton. until-the board bill had'.reached
its fullest extent.-    Finally they real-'
<ized that'these" promises did not-,reduce the above bill, and they left off
work Indefinitely.- '-'_,
. , T., (i. Harries. International Board
Member," accompanied ' by  the Local
.President an'd the Secretary of'the
union'took the dispute up ■ with. Mr;
Barton on the 4th of the month,1 and
were  given  to  understand '.that  the
• Coal ' Company were • negotiating
through^ their agents in London, Engr
'land, a deal Worth $150,000 in bonds,
■ and regardless of what they desired to
do with ,the" dispute they .could- not
pay'tho wages due to their employees.
Solicitor Palmer'was then' instructed by President* Stubbs to proceed to
, Taber with a* view to taking; legal
' proceedings to enforce payment' of
. wages. V  Mr.   Palmer,   however,   re-
, ported that, after' consultation^ witb
the management   and   himself, that
: the, wages ■ will be' paid'-in the'imm»'
LATE   .
.,;(By Our Michel.Correspondent)
1 The verdict' of the Jury empannell-k
ed to "enquire into the cause of death
of Martin Stanclk, a1 driver,'-who, was
killed in No. 3 East Mine; wasjto the
effect that deceased met;,his death accidentally - whilst, following' hie occupation 'as a\ driver. - As' a-.rider they
.recommended th^at better precautions
be taken. for safety and'suggest-that;
Committees (miners' • committees, > we
take it) should look more after dangerous conditions.' > This may be so,
but at the same time we would like to
point out'to the public' that .there is a
District Mining Inspector "who, according to "the-^Coai*.Mines Regulation. Act.ot.thIsi "Province is compelled once, a month to:make an inspection of the mines in the District for
which he- is appointed. -' There is also
the mine foreman who has to make* an
inspection. "' Then again, there are
the fire bosses, who have to make an
examination of the mines on each
shift, so that in our opinion' these per-,
sons should have come in for the same
recommendation'. However, we can
hardly .blame the jury as there was
hot one •' practical or competent person, according to the Mines Act, on
.the jury. ■'' But it seems to us that in
future* a jury empanelled to enquire
into ,a mining accident should have
at least In its numbers one or two
competent men.
We would also like to see Part 86;
Section 7 of the Coal Mines-Regulation Act carried out by the coroner
in the. future, and ' furthermore we
were more than surprised when the
Coroner (Mr. A. C. Murray, .Elk River), after instructing the jury as to
their.duties, suggested; (mind you, and
yet there had been no evidence given
or touched upon the matter) that possibly deceased had a' defective foot,
and probably owing to that," that was
the cause-of the accident.   -\   ->
. Did we say; "suggest"?'- Pardoni"* us,
he stated that he had -heard so, etc.
(Merely hearsay.) So forth:;aiid so
on."      *  ' ■
.diate future, but it was .distinctly, un-
_ derstood  between.- th.e' management
■ and himself that should   the . wages
not be forthcoming by Monday, next,
V   further proceedings- would' immediately ly be Ja_Ututedv.'V*\^ -u.tj^i-
.'       ^ : "'■—;?--    '*._*■ ^.'
Board on Industrial Disputes Act Asked for-
Application to Minister of Labor.
*   Bellevue, Alta., Oct. 10th,-1912
Mr. W.' R. .Wilson, General Manager,
C. N. P., Coal Co., Ltd., Fernie, B C—
Dear Sir,—
Your letter re the above has been
the subject of consideration by - our
District Executive Board with the result that I am enclosing copy ,of application for a Board which is being
forwarded -Jto Ottawa.
Whether you consider the men.'have
a just cause for dispute or not I can
find no justification either in the-matter of dispute or in the agreement for
your refusal to refer the dispute further for settlement when no settlement can be arrived at between yourself arid the officers of our District.
At this time I consider it quite unnecessary to go into further detail in
connection with the matter.
Yours truly,
- (Signed)  C. STUBBS.
c. -;
Children Should Not Be Forced to Pay
|> , Respects to Flag
u    LONDON, Oct. 8,—The practice of
fi' school children saluting the flag is
criticized by a' York Alderman, tho
" "children of which anciont British City;
, received a flag as a gift from far away
York ln Western Australia.   -The ob-
Section tjie alderman _rayB Is that many,
children go to school under compul-
! slon and therefore should not be compelled to saluto tho flhg oxcopt with
tho "unanimous • consent of their par-
, cuts,   Tho lord mayor' of York, how-
i over, said" that tho flag had boon' sent
to him aa-chlof magistrate aiid he
■would send It to oach   of- tho   city
,. schools for salutation,
. OTTAWA, Oct. 7.—In the Supreme
Court today In the caso of Eberts vs.
King, appeal was dismissed with
costs, Justice Duff dissenting, ,
- This moans "that Fritz" Eberts, convicted of the murder of'Mounted Police Constable, George B. Wilmett, at
Prank, Alta,, has lost his' contention
that lie should have been convicted for
manslaughter only the conviction for'
murdor fixed by tho provincial courts
therefore stands and Eborts will hang.
■ Tho sentence imposed upon Eberts
named■ tho dato of his paying the
penalty ns-November 2nd; at Macieod.
7 Tho murdor toolc plnce on tho mining'of April 13, 1908.
Canada, Province of Alberta.
-We, Clement Stubbs and Anthony
J. Carter, President and Secretary-
Treasurer respectively of. District 18
of the United. Mine Workers of America, having headquarters at Fernie In
the Province of British Columbia, DO
That all. attempts-a_t_jsettiement
n the
Upper Bench," and under sub-heading
"Yardage" the words:    '•   !,
."Levels and Parallels $1.50 per lineal yard," under> which (terms of
agreement the' employees are making
claims upon the Company.tfor "Yardage" prices iu the mines, referred to,
and which the above-mentioned company refuse to recognizer*' j . - •
Further Causes of Dispute:
On page "4 of the attached copy of
Agreement above referred ;to and on
page 5 and a portion of page. 6 will be
found clauses dealing nvlth the method 7of handling and settling disputes
between the employees arid the company, and in violation 'of tliat "portion
of clause (c),.reading.. "Should they'
fail -to agree, it - shall be referred in
writipg, to the Commissioner of the
Western . Coal Operators^* 'Association
and the President* of District No. 18
United Mine Workers of America for
settlement," and in violation also of
a decision rendered under the above-
mentioned agrement, copy of which
is hereto attached marked "Exhibit
A," the Company refuse to refer the
matter for, settlement as, provided
.'.3.. .Approximate  Number Affected:
Directly, two thousand, (2000).-.
Indirectly, five thousand' (5000)'
4.   Efforts-Made to Adjust Dispute:
Attached Exhibits marked B, C,- D.'
E, F, G, H outline the efforts at settlement, subsequent to July 21st, 1912;
prior to that .date,arid subsequent to
April 1st efforts'at settlement were
made in accord with, the' provisions of
Sir R. McBride Says Revenue Laws
., „   Will Be Amended at Coming
VANCOUVER, Oct. 8.--Sir Richard
Mcllrldo, Interviewed. hero whllo on
■hla way to Now WoHtmI._j._or,. predicted a busy session of' tho 'legislature,
wiilch'will moot on.Tanuary,'l2.   ■
Amendmonta to tho provincial revenue liiWH will havo a promlnon-t
placo on tho legislative programme. -■■
Tho proposed now law .will' Involve
tho cancellation of'tho old thro^dollar
poll tax, ns woll an Important changes
In tho way of roduotion In personal
and realty taxation.-, Tho govornmont holds tho view that nil tho ro-
vonno nocossnry for carrying on tho
Unless Man Makes Personal Appllca-
s     tlon—Finding In Nova. Scotia .   .
''■ Case '■
.; HALIFAX, N.S.,'Oct. 7.—Tho. board
of conciliation in tho dlsputo between
tho'.lnviornofls Railway nnd Conl Company, Iioubos,: was made, by tho rentnl
bolng reduced ono dollar por'month,
- In future no Provincial Workmen's
Association duos-will 'bo deducted
front a titan's wagos unloas lio pinkos
porponal application.
Tlto board of conciliation In tho dis*
puto botweon tho loiiKBhoromon - of
Halifax and tho shippers cannot'como
to an agreement upon   Which   thoy
machinery of government should bo could hoso any rtfcommondatlon to tho
derived from natural resources, labor department,
Island Coal Companies
Evicting Tenants
miners Stand Firm — Two Years*
Agreement Asked For
(Special to IDitrlct; Lodger)
,\A.\'A.-i-0, tk_, ii.-~s_uiit_-.-u_.__ ou
tlto Island unchongod. Wo havo
boon In convontlon ovor a wook, which
has Just finished. Wo havo doclded
to prosont our demands to tho operators, asking them to sign an agreement for tho noxt two years, Wo
expect this will mako a big Impression on Nanaimo, which is still working and filling tho orders- of Cumber-
land and Udysmlth, The men of
Nanaimo do not. yet reallto that this
la as much tholr fight as that or iho
other parts of tha [aland. Wo are
lighting a light lor Justice and il behoove* tho miners of this continent to
| assist tts In this fight.     In ono of
or throo flros, caused for want of air
to romovo all gases. This Is exactly
the caiieo for which wo nro out In
Cumberland and Ladysmith. If wo
had onough Air In tho mines of Lady-
smith our gas commltteo roport would
not havo been detrimental to tho company, and as a result would not have
boon involved In the present trouble.
Aftor tho Canadian Coal Company
(Dunsmuir Ltd) having tried all means
(o get coal on the market and finding
thomsolvcs unsuccessful In their attempts, they have ..natty decided to
put all the people ont ot the com-
pan/s housed by October .31st. 1912.
of the disputes enumerated
attached application for a Board under the  Industrial  Disputes.Investigation  Act  1907  have failed  and
.- that: failing an adjustment' or' a re-
'''•ference;_of, such, .disputes7 Jby.-'the,
— Minister to;a Board-appointed under the provisions _ of   the  -above
*  named Act a strike will be declared
'-and that the necessary authority to
'declare such strike has been obtained; we further declare that to the
best of our knowledge   and   belief
the statements contained in the attached appljcatlon are true and correct Iri all particulars;
And we make this solemn declaration  conscientiously  believing   It
to be true and knowing It Is of the
same force arid effect as If made
. under oath  and  by  virtue  of  the
> Canada Evidence Act.
President District 18, United   Mine  Workers  of  America. ,
.'Secretary - Treasurer*   Dis-
.   trlct ,18, United Mine Workers of America.
Declared by the said Clement
Stubbs and Anthony J. Car'
ter before me at Bellevue,
Alberta! this "10th' day  of ' '" '
October, 1012.
A Commissioner 'pftOgtho   ,,
for arid'In the Province'of
-,         Alberta,
Form of Application-for Appolntmont
of a Qdard of. Investigation under
- tjie provisions of tho Industrial DIb-
putOB Investigation Act, 1007,
*"■' Fornlo, h.C, Oct. 0, 1012
To tho ItORlstrnr, Hoard a of Conciliation ..and Investigation,, pppartmont
of Labor, Ottawa;— • '.
Tho imdorslgnod horoby make application to the Minister of Labor for
iho appointment of a Hoard undor the
provisions of tho above montlonod Act
to which a dlaputo betwoon tho parties
namod In tho attached stotomont may
bo referred, and hereby submit tbo
statement n/td statutory declaration
proscrlbod by tho said Act as necessary In making such application.
i\ The parties to tho dluptitq nro,
District 18 of tho Unltod Mine
..i/.i.V**)       WL      »fc..«&.J4..4       (l4i_i-t</JC4;*S,
with hendnunrtorfi nt TVm.p, British Cblumbln, and
The Crow's Nest Pass Conl Company Limited (employer) whoso of.
flco Is located at Fernie, T.,0.
Undor agreement between District 18, United Mine Wrokeri of Am-'
orlca, representing the employees,
And the Western Coal Operators Association, representing with others, the
abovo named company, and dated
Novombor 17th, 1911, and copy of
which Is attached, on page 04. under
heading "Contract Prfcvss—Michel Colliery" and under heading "No. 3
Mine," and "New No. 3," and under
sub-heading "Yardage," tbe words:
"Levels and parallels, lUfi per
lineal yard,', and on pago 6ft under
headings, "Contract Prlcea—Coal
Creek Colliery," No. 1 Mine North-'
the above mentioned clauses of agreement dealing with-such matters. Ifur-.
ther attempts- af' settlement, according
to attached agreement are' prevented
by the'company.'as outlined by "Exhibits E'.and-'H.-'tep-'    --   -y ,.y•-■'-,
5.. Name of pereonl-wfllinfl and desirous cf .representing the employees:
, JohnO. Jones, of Hillcrest,-^Alberta.
This application, is made on behalf
of the .employees by
President District 18, United Mine Workers..
Secretary . Treasurer   Dis-
, trict 18, United Mlno Workers. »
Exhibit "A"
Extract' Decision   referred   to  and
being mado by W. F. McNeill, Commissioner Western    Coal    Operators'
Association, nnd W. B. Powell, President District 18, U. M. W. of A.
" .... all  disputes  shall  bo taken
up In tho manner na provided for In
tho Agreement    We further rulo that
should a dispute to which either party
tako exception as to whether it is. or
whether lt Is not covered    by   tho
Agreement that this misunderstanding
In Itsolf constitutes a dispute, which
shall bo taken up and handled ln tho
snmo way as an ordinary dlBputo,"  ,
■      Exhibit "C"
Bcllovub, Alta,, July 22, 1012.
Mr.' W. F, McNeill,, Commissioner W.
■)'C. O, A., Calgary,, Alta.j—
, Dear Sir,—I am notified that thoro
aro certain- matters of dlsputo at, thn
prows Noat MlnoB arising i out   of
claims for yardago In No .1 East-Mlno
at Mlchol and No, 1 North at Coal
Crook, which dlsputoB   tho   General
Manager of tho Company refuses to
rofor on tlio grounds as stated by hlmsolf, that tho men havo no right to
yardago on tho plows for which thoy
aro making claim,
- I would ask that you mako iirratiKO-
mont so that theso matters mny ho
takon up according to tho ngroomont.
Yours truly,
! (Signed) C. STUnnfl.
Exhibit "C"
Calgary, Alta,, July 20, .1012
C. Stubbs, Presldont Dlatrlet 18, U, M.
W, of A., Ilelloviio, Alta.,—
Doar Sir,—J bog to ucitnowledgo receipt of yours of the 22nd Inst,, and
I am writ ling Mr. Wilson In connection
., fit    n ) i
......     ULi.    ...Mil*.*, ^
Yonrn tnily7
(Signed) W. F. McNEILL,
Exhibit "O"
Mr. W. F.,McNblll, Calgary, Alto,.—
!V-.r Mr7  W.r:.-_ !.»■; „_ ?;,;.*;- r^.u
you as soon as you get the oncosiary
Information to proooed with |ho disputes arising out of claims for yard-
ago at Mlchol and Coal Creek as referred In my lottor of tho 22 ultimo.
Yours truly,
(Signed) C STUDItS,
Exhibit "It" '
Calgary, Alta., Bept. 1«, 1012
C. Stubbs, President District 18, U. M.
W. of A., nellevwe, AUa.:--
Vour Sir,—Complying with your request, I am writing you In connection
with dlsputo which you allege Is one
This matter,has not been referred
to me as a dispute by the Company
and until such time,as it is I will not
be in a position to take the question
up as a dispute.
I beg to call your attention to a
conversation which we had at Frank
some weeks ago in connection with
this matter, at which time you remember I asked that Mr. Carter or your
self see Mr. Wilson and see if this dis-,
pute could not be sent up jointly. ■>
■  . ■ Yours truly,
j. (Sifened) W. F. McNEILL,
Exhibit "F"
,      Bellevue, Alta., Sept. 18, 1912
MrvW. F. McNeill, Commissioner W.
C. O. A., Calgary, Alta.:—
Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of yours
of the 16th inst., which. as you say
was written at my request following
our discussion of the matter on the
To state' the case frankly, it would
appear to nio that instead of referring
matters of dispute from the mines of
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. to the
Commissioner for tlie W. C. O. A., and
the President of District 18 for settlement, we are to be forced into the
position .of making- settlement with
Manager Wilson strictly along his
own lines. .. If this is the intention, I
may point out that' tbe members of
our District are,not yet in such position where they are -obliged to sub-
to such tactics.-       '     ■'•.'*
The reference of a'dispute jointly is
were .trying to get settlement accord'
ing to our agreement, but this'has
not been sufficient to avoid considerable discontent becoming spread on
account of the delay."*
I am obliged to now repprt the results bf our efforts to "our members at
your mines, and- our next proceeding
will be left entirely in their hands.
Before doing so, however, I would like
to hear from you further as to wheth-
ed or not you intend to insist upon
carrying through your present position, iri this matter. .
Yours truly, '
,   ,        ,   (Signed) C. STUBBS.
(Continued on Page 8)
Rush to Secure Claims on Concession
. Opened on Dominion Creek
DAWSON, Y. TvQct. 8.—The Crue-
gar concession on' Dominion Creek
was opened by the Dominion government yesterday. Scores joined in tho
stampede beginning at midnight. As
many as fourteen posts' were driven
on a single claim., Each staker gets
an equal interest.        - -,
ITALY AND TURKEY'     "      •
ment",.' although we' have not yet demurred in any way where this intention has been shown by the Company.
Admitting that' It is/the most satisfactory 'method ;of .reference, I 'cannot see" that- if woul.d^lje "conducive • to
a better handlings of disputes'- where'
one party could prevent further refer,
ence according to the agreement by a
simple refusal to jointly refer."  -
That the matter has not been" referred to you in writing you certainly
could not claim, as I have already,
done this-as well as giving you extracts from, my file as to the actual
men and places concerned.
Referring to the latter part of your
letter touching upon our conversation
at Frank let me point out that at that
time I drow your attention to tho fact
that I had repeatedly, Iiacl Mr. Carter
return to tho Company's offlco In an
endeavor to got tho matter referred
according to your oxprosscd' wish,
that I had"' alBo boon, there myself for
tho same,, purpose and that Mr. Carter
had again followed my visit on two
or threo occasions with tho Riimo ,ob-
jocL in view, but without avail,
Undor such circumstances, and In
view of th© fact that I had alroady
referred tho" matter to you in writing,
I would cortnlnly not put ri]ysolf In
such ponltlon as to ask Secretary Carter to again return for tho sa nio pur-
It Is qulto cloar to mo that wo havo
discharged nil our contractual obligations to tho W, C, O. A,, and will now
hnvo to find other means whereby wo
may iirrlvo at aottlomont,
Youra truly-;
•     (Signed) C. 8TI.I.I.S.
Exhibit "G"
nclleviv., Alln,. Sopt. 2.1, 1012.
Mr. W, R."Wilson, Gonoral Manager
Crow's Nost Pass Coal Co., Fornlo,
, I..C..-
Doar Sir,—As yoii aro awaro thoro
havo Blnco tho rommonrnmont of
April of thia yonr boon certain eiolms
for yardngo at your Mlchol and Coal
Crook MIiioh under consideration tin
disputes, and In splto of nil our efforts to have theso claims amicably
adjusted wo havo not yet Hiiccooded
In having thorn disposed of,
Mr. McNeill's position Is now that
ho cannot refer the dlaputo lo a chairman for settlement bocaimo thoy havo
no. been roforrod to him by the com-
f.i.ll>.        .VII.UU.VI   IIIH  .JIIIIailllKH Willi
your .(>-...>ii_jj' uiuy \>u Ihuy mo <t! im
concorn to our organisation, but when
on account of rofusal to refer In ar-
cord with tho provisions of the agreement disputes are dragged out ovor
,,       ,. , 11 .. i f      .       , •
h*v   |.'_.h'.i4    -.»-»..   tfct_0_.   W«*.*»12   VJtlVkl,  HitVkl
wo cannot do other than view such
actions as a breach of contract to bn
dealt with ns such.
Tho Commissioner cannot claim
that theso disputes havo, not been referred to hint In writing, because thin
lias been dono by myself, In addition
to whleh bn wns also provided with
tho names of tho men nnd lho .daces
concerned. This on account of thn
fact that he stated he could get no
Information from your office.
Answering tho many enquiries from
our members as to what wns beintr
GENEVA, - Switzerland, Oct. 7.—A
despatch from Ouchy to the Journal
de Geneve purports tb give the terms
of. peace agreed upon between the
Italian arid Turkish delegates which
now awaits" ratification of the two
governments and which is expected to
lead to an immediate armistice. They
are as follows: ,
First, absolute sovereignty of Italy
In-Lybia without;, however, formal recognition there of Italy by Turkey.
Second, free exercise of religious
authority by the Khalif, as in Bosnia
and Herzogovna.
Third, Turkey to withdraw her
regular troops from Libau.
Fourth,, Italy . to pay indemnity
equivalent .to Lybia's contribution to
the Ottoman treasury. .,_
Eifth7Testifut_bT-"o7"the capt_.red~_is7
lands to Turkey with safeguards for
the Christian population.        <  -        i
Sixth, no indemnity payable 4>y either side towards the cost of the "war, .
.^ Seventh, the resestabllshrnerit of the
foT_ner"diplomatlc'and commercial relations between tho two governments."
On Monday last at Frank, C. Stubbs,
J. O. Jones, A. J. Carter and W. J,
Wilkinson (representing the B. C.
Federation of Labor), met Sir George
Askwlth, and Mr J. Mitchell, both, representing the Department of Labor:
in the Old Country, and who aro here
for the 'purpose of collecting data in
connection with the Industrial \ Disputes Act. The matter was fully
gone into and the act as it effected
the mine workers of this district
thoroughly explained. Sir George,
and his colleague tharilced' the representatives of the District for the liicld
mariner in which they had expounded
their views on the subject, and re-,
marked that the knowledgo he had
gained would be of inestimable value
to him in making out his report.
"•WILKES-BARRE, ,Pa., Oct. 7.—
Scales used at the collieries of several
companies are not up to the standard,
according to' discoveries made by.(
John F. McGearty and Edward Keat-
iiig, county sealers of weights and
They have learned that at sev.-.l
collieries where _n ..or?' are paid by
weight and where coal is sold the "
consumer at the breakers,, the scales
are so far below the standard that
short' weights result.
_ Just how long the short weight system has been practiced is not known.
Sealers of weights and measures have
been on duty in this county only
about six months, and this is the first
time that weighing of coal has" come
under the jurisdiction of county officials.
MADRID, Oct. 6.—The Central Committee, of the railroad unions today
called off the strike throughout Spain.
This action was taken on ■ the promise of tho Premier Canalejas to introduce in the Cortes a bill increasing 'the'"'wages"of ralltf&y 'employes'
and diminishing the hours of work, i
Another atompt at hold-up was
made here last Saturday night, when
Mrs. Cosgrove and Mrs. Ettor, who
live at tho Fernio Lumber Company
mill, north of town, wero returning
homo after their Saturday night shopping.
,"Whon near tho old grand stand nt
tho recreation grounds, a man rushed
up to thorn and demanded' tholr purses, IIo had a gun with which to
onforco his remarks, but Mrs, Cos-
grovo, who had somo forty dollni'B iu
hor purse begun scroamlng and beat
a Imsty, If not graceful retreat, Mrs.
Ettcr, having, no cash to loso and
holding on to her courage, struck the
ruffian In tho face with a bug df candy which Bho was carrying, -Whllo
Bh'o wnB thus ongngod In defending
lioruclf tho man grabbed hor fur muff.'
and following tho oxamplo of Mrs.
Coagrovo, boat tt for tho bush. Tho
pollco wore at onco notified, but upon
arrival found nothing but the muff,
whloh tho man had discarded, and a
fow hoot triickB which lod Into tho
tiinglod1 underbrush not far away.
CALGARY, Oct. 8.—R. C. Edwards,
proprietor of "a weekly newspaper,
known . as the "Eye-Opener," was
committed for trial, today on a charge,
of criminal libel. The case was
brought by E. P. Davis, K,C„ of-Vancouver, n prominent lawyor.-
Pope,Opposed.to Clerical Party Being
FcTrmed—Vlolat6   Great  Principle
ROME, Oct. 7,—It 'Is/ expected that
the Popo will shortly publish a document reiterating the voto known ns
non-oxpodlt, which forbids Catholics
to voto at parliamentary elections.except to provont tho olootion of open
ciiornlcB of the church.
The Popo Is determined to provont
tho formation of a Catholic parlla- •
mentary party on tho linos of the German Centre, on tho ground thnt/ tho
representation of CatliollcH would Imply • recognition or tho Kingdom of
Itnly. Tho nnn-expcdlt decree wns ef-
foctlvo until tho prosont electoral re-
form' IncrcnHcd tho numbor of electors. ■
Bail Refused for
Ettor & Giovannitti
Everything Quiet at Lawrence
IHpoplul to District I_edgor)
HALEM, Mass., Oct. 10,—The final
efforts of counsol to secure tho turn-
porn ry  rnloiiHo  on   hoiids  of  Ettor,
Caruso, nnd Qlovannnttl, Involving nl-
Icgoii murdor of Annie Lopesczo last
J(tituar> .alta. today when Judgu
Qulnn road tho following writ: "Assuming this court has thc authority to
entertain tlio within motion, an to
which I hnvo gravo doubts, I find that
ww. u.:ktti.uaiii i» not wim.Kd ns ot
right to bo admitted to ball, and that
thoro Is no such cause as moves the
court In tho exorciso of Its discretion
to release tho defendant on ball. Tbo
motion is thorcforo denied."
The sfnfemenf  reforr^J tn Cnrunn.
A Hlmllnr decision wns mado In the Dante Allghlerie Socloty
nines of Wttor nn<t /ilAvnnnntfl,
Tlie Jurors In the famoiiu ciiw who
are awaiting tho reopening of the
trial aro spending unleti lives under
the guard of court officials. They
are not allowed to ro to their how.-*
nr *e»» .heir famine... Th.\v *p*n.
regarding yardage at Mlrhol nnd Coat {dono [n connection with theso disputes jxnont of,today In tho Sale.j Court-
Creek. I have reiKiatedly pointed out that wo |house and In walking about the nlr<v_u
with guards In the vicinity of tho
courthoiiHo. Yesterday thoy went In
a body lo Lynn and saw a theatrlcul
porformanco. tho first ontertulnmont
they havo enjoyed,
LAWRENCE, MnSR. Oet. If).—There
has boon romarkahlo quiet hern olneo
iho I, \V. \\. threntenod to tako their
men out of the mills and hoihI them
to Pittsburg In a body. Oa Saturday
when tho parade will bo in progroHS
proton, will b(> made agalimt the pre-
son.1* ol 3. W. W. iendcro in Lruvronce.
Members of l/ical Mo. 20 will head an
outing to Metheun. It Is expected
that Mayor John Cahlll, of Metheiin,
William I). Haywood, and other labor
tenders will speak. Thero will bo
Kreiirh, Polish and Pullan band*. Thc
llranch of
Soelnll Dante Alfghlcilc of Rt.iu_,
Italy, has today sent a request from
Ilotton to Lawret.ro to tbo parade
cor.imilto for tho prohibition of carrying the Italian flag on Columbus day.
The Hlft Is signal by Vlttorlo Or-
Mprl.nl. finifherfr. fm. of _xjwvctnoc
of VaMachusetts, Curtis Oulid, the
.1-i'iw.M Husstan Ambassador.
_    .*
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r-'-^yy<ryy.y7y-^ -yyi^ yyyy
- yy7?:--yW>. ry iy^7^&-'-y:*U
<■ __—.' -'
-- - +--• /?,-— -
With The Miners
in Great Britain
Rhondda Miners "Down Tools.'*
A thousand- miners of the Abergorki
Pit, Rreorchy, struck work in consequence of a dispute regarding the pay
of one collier.    .
Scottish miners' Candidate"
The Scottish Miners' Federation Executive at Glasgow decided to nominate
■ _ Ir. Robert Smillie, their chairman, as
President of the British Miners' Federation, to fill the vacancy caused by
the death of Mr. Enoch Edwards. Tho
election takes place at the annual Con-
, ference iri Swansea during the first
week of October.
i 0 >
Special Levy on Miners
A, special levy of threepence per
member has been called by the Executive of the Miners* Federation ln consequence of expenses ln connection with
the Minimum Wage Act and the heavy
law charges this year.
Minimum Rules for Durham
A report issued to the various affiliated associations by the Miners' Federation of Great Britain' contains counsel's opinion on the Durham district
rules under the Minimum Wage Act,
which rules are not unlike the rules
of other counties. Counsel was Mr.
John Sankey. Some of tho Durham
rules or parts of them are, he says,
ultra vires, and therefore cannot be
enforced at law. Under the rules a
hewer is expected to.give immediate
notice of difficulties in a working place
which prevents him earning the minimum wage, but counsel states that failure to give notice in such a contingency is' not in the Act, and the rule
which imposes it is outside the Act and
illegal. He holds that it is outside the
Act to exclude any person from the
benefits of the minimum wage by reason of his not having been employed
previously as a coal hewer. In the
North of England and in other parts,
rules lay it down that a hewer is not
entitled to the minimum wage until
he has been three months employed
at hewing work. ■ Other men employed underground ■ are not entitled to
the minimum until they have been
in the pit four weeks. Counsel rules
that both conditions are ultra vires.
As to rules being retrospective coun-
*sel considers that the true position of
the Act is that the "wages rates and
the rules are mutually dependent on
one another and are both retrospective,
cussed at the annual conference of
the Miners'Federation, at Swansea in
October. : The position of the surface
workers will be, considered, and an application will be made for the establish
ment of a minimum wage. What the
rate will be remains to be decided,
but it is anticipated that it will be
about $1.25-per day. The establish-
ing of a working week of' five days
will also be considered. It Ib explained that the liberty which colliers
have hitherto enjoyed in regard to attendance at work haB been restricted
by the Minimum Wage Act. Many of
the awards under, the act condition a
certain percentage of attendance at
work to entitle -the miners to claim the
minimum, wage. Generally speaking,
eighty per cent of the total possible'attendance at work is required by the
awards, though in a few cases a full
attendance is necessary to qualify for
the minimum wage. On an average
only four and a half days per week are
worked by the miners, and it is expected therefore, that there will be a great
deal of general support for a definite
five days working week. A proposal
of far-reaching importance is the advocacy of a twenty per cent advance in
wages for all workmen employed in
mines. So far as the federated area
is concerned, this would mean, if adopted the absolute abandonment of
the conciliation scheme. Under the
conciliation board agreement the min*-
er3 in the federated area of the Lancashire, Cheshire, Derbyshire, North
Wales and the Midland counties can
only ask for a five per cent increase,
An application for such an advance
has been sent in from .the area, and'
was discussed several times at meetings of the conciliation board in London. The opinion was expressed that
the twenty per cent proposal would
not meet with such support as would
secure its adoption, though 'it might
have strong support from the Scottish
miners, the South Wales and the men
of Durham and  Northumberland.
There is no doubt tha^ wherever the
operations of tho Minimum Wage Act
have not given satisfactory results to
the miners that the proposal will find
a great deal of support. Other mat
ters to be dealt with by the conference
include the nationalization of the' mines, the National Insurance Act. .and
the Workmen's Compensation, Act: • It
is expected that Mr.. Robert-Smillie,
president of the Scottish' section, who
the rates date from one point bf time
and the rules from another. This
conclusion counsel came to with great
hesitation, but he certainly considers
it the strict technical construction of
the Act.
<> i
'   Miners' Strike In the North
One thousand miners   who   struck
work a fortnight ago without the, sanction of their  Assocation's  Executive
held a mass meeting   on   Friday, at
which Messrs. Straker and Cairns, lead
ing officials of the Union, spoke. Both
stated that the Soghill men acted unconstitutionally, but that they deeply
. sympathized with the men's position,
believing thoy had ground for dissatisfaction in'tho management's alleged
refusal to consider thoir grievances.
They adversely criticized tho alleged
refusal of tho managers to carry out
tho award of tho umpire under the
Minimum Wago Act,    After the meeting Mr. Straker Informed a press representative that he was certain  it
would be a prolonged strugglo, and
added that the men would be support-
by otbor lodgcB,    Tho reason for tho
cautious attitude of tho Union officials
was probably to bo found In the recent
circular on finance^ Issued to the Lodges, In which it was stated that the Association's funds were so low tbat no
stoppage of work at any colliery could
be financially supported by tho Union.
South Wales Dispute Settled
A dispute which dated from Juno,
1010 ,and which hao cost tho South
Walee Miners' Federation many thou-
funds of pounds in strlko pay was set-
led on Friday, and thero was rejoicing
In tho Rhondda district In consequence,
The dlsputo In question related to the
price list at Mosars. Cory Brothers'
Pen tre Colllorlos. It is understood
tbat tho men havo beon granted 2s,
por ton for cutting In tho now seams,
with the usual percentage. Tho best
. previous offor of tho management was
Is. 6M._,
I     Welsh Mlnsrs Win Test Cass
At Ystrad tho Pontypridd Magistrate Mr. D. Lleufer Thomas, gnvo
Judgment In the case of Ames v the
Glamorgan Coal Company, wnWi teat-
ed thn right of ,an employer lo glvo
a miner twenty-four hours' notico lo
leave work. The magistrate mild that
aftor Lord St, Aldwyn's award the
- pawns wero never of ono mind uh to
illti .U.^iit Uf' Uutkv, <ili>.  liit-iri it tlb ll'»
actual agreement between them. .Vor
did ho think the matter wna governed
by custom, Length of rot Ico hid ro
long been n mnttor of general contract
m liiu umtlnt nn w <:'*\im_ti \ ufti.u.n
altogether. No slnglo Instance was
glvon of a colliery whore customary,
ns distinct from contractual, notice prevailed. In (he absence of agreoitioct
us to custom on the point, h« fixed
n rrvmnnnbff notlrv» at four wppIih, nnd
gavo judgment for the plaintiff, who
vMm('H t'.lli, fnr fnur-iwvi>Mh« nf thnt
amount, mim..<ly .Cf* 14m, .'Id., with tout*,
Me t<xpr-<fti.cd his willingness to stato a
special case.
Important Proposals for Miners' Federation Conference
Proposals which may Involve another
aisle In tho mal Industry will be dis-
will preside at the conference, will be
elected president in succession to the
late Mr. Enoch. Edwards.
Wages of Colliery Surfacemen
An agreement has been reached between the National Federation of Colliery Surface Workers and Coal Owners' Association whereby some 8000*
surface workers obtained increased
wages and"*a reduction of working
hours. A minimum of $1.12 a day
was demanded for the lowest grade of
workers. The agreement provides
for a minimum of $1.05 per day, with
$1.21 for firemen and $1.28 for charge-
men. The exclusion of the surface
workors from the operation of the
Minin.um Wage Act has been arranged
that tho wages of bankamen and
acroeners shall rise or fall as miners'
wagos are raised or lowered by the
conciliation boards.
January 1^ ^1916^ an-d thereafter,- subject to'three months' notice on either
side.   ' -. ;:'"'?   ^ ■    "".''■■
2. These proposals aro made' with-,
out prejudice, in the event of their not
being accepted, to the, right of tbe
party, to submit the matters tinder dispute to the chairman of the Board for
his decision.
3. The conference is adjourned to
October 10, and in the meantime tbe
decision, of the employers and workmen in.the several districts is to be
Sir Thomas Ratcllffe Ellis explained
that the first clause meant that the
five per cont. taken- off the men's wages In 1909 would, If'the suggestions
were approved, be restored.
"   Bellshlll Miners' Strike
The question of non-Unlon labor nas
attain upset the friendly relations hi-
theito existing between the Summerlec
Company and the Lanarkshire.Miners'
Union, with the result thaj the miners
employed in the Hattonrigg Collierv,
o tht number b.' 650,, have struck
Surfacemen's Grievances
A largely attended meeting of the
colliery Burface workers, at Barnsley,
decided upon drastic action in order
to deal with non-associated collieries,
where the managements have refused
to conform to a new schedule of wages agreed upon between the Surfacemen's Federation and the Coal Owners' Federation .- The agreement specifies a minimum 'rate of wage of 4s.
2%d. a day, with a graduated- scale
for the various classes of surface work-
e-> Many .of the _<o.i-issociau.d collieries are alleged to have decl.ned
to recognize the new rates, and the
meeting, at which there were representatives of the Unions ,of the winding
enginemen and firemen, decided that
a ballot should be taken at these,collieries on the question of immediately
handing in notices. The men employ--
ed at collieries, where the schedule is
recognized - and in operation also
pledged themselves to give "moral and
financial support" should a strike take
place. - i
Cleveland Miners' Wages
A 'meeting of the Cleveland mine
owners and the miners' representa-'
tives was-held at Middlesborough,-Sir
Hugh Bell presiding, to consider an
application on behalf of the men for
an advance of t3d. per day, in the rate
paid to face deputies and' for' a substantial advance on the base rates
paid tb all. surface men and lads at
the Cleveland mines.' After discussion, it was agreed to adjourn the
meeting until October 14.
South Wales  Miners' Wages
Tho monthly mooting of the Conciliation Board for tho coal trado of Monmouthshire and South Wales waB held
at Cardiff. Mr, W, Stewart presided
ovor tho ownerB' section and Mr. W.
Brace, M.P., ovor the workmen's re-
preBontatlvos Advantago was takon
of tho full Board to discuss further
points which havo arisen in the Joint
subcommittee relative to the Interpretation of rule* In Lord St. Aldwyn'B
Tho two sldeB sat separately for sovoral hours, and whon they met lr*
Joint Board an agreement was como to
on tbo question of allowing a work
roan's modlcal man to bo present at
his examination by tho company"s doctor, There seemed to be no hopo of
ngroomont on somo of tho other points
roi sod, nnd these will bo referred to
Lord Bt, Aldwyn on Saturday, Mr.
Ilraco, on bohalf of tho workmen's representatives referred to the decision
of tho Rhondda Stlpondary Magistrate
as to length of notico required to tor-
mlnato contracts which tho owners or
workmon should glvo. Hn suggested
that tho Joint Board might discuss tho
matter with a vlow to a suttlnmont nnd
so avoid further litigation, the workmen's representatives understanding
thnt tho owners proposed to apposl
against tho decision. Proposals woro
exchanged botweon tho owners and tho
workmon's representatives, but no settlement was arrived at.
Mlnm'' Wn{|f.« in MldUndn
As u result of a mooting of tho Coal
Conciliation Board for the Federated
Districts, hold to consider nn appllr-a-
tlon by tho minors for an advance of
M,     I..   ....   .....    il   .   r.ff,      I.,,.
..I-      ,-     .   .    '.'   .....   ...    ..^p,..-.,   _.,..„   .g...i-. n,fl
agreement Is to bo submitted to employers and workmen s
1. In tho event of tho employers offering a minimum of forty-five per
cont. abovo the 1888 rato, and a maximum of slxly-flvo per cont. and an advance of flvo per cont In wages to all
underground workmen and thonn en
the pit banks and 'Screens manipulating tho cosl, by putting bark the re-
flue tlon of flv* pi.r oent. mad* m from
the tlmt making up day after March
20 ISO'... such advance to commence
-in nom the thlrd-maklng-up dny In
(letnher. -The Conciliation Hoard to
bet tcr.llnttfd from January 1, 19.8, to
SEATTLE, Wash., Oct. 8.—Practical education that will fit the student
for life, is the main plank of the platform on which Mrs. Mary A. Monroe,
of Spokane, Democratic candidate for
state superintendent of public instruction is running, according to a statement which she has issued. She urges a practical course for the rural
schools suited to the needs of country life, extension courses in agriculture, horticulture, and dairying for the
agriculturist; domestic science for the
housewife, and a close relation between the farm and tho school. In
cities she favora an extension to the
manual training and domestic science
departments, school and home gardens
and a close connection between tho
Bchool and the.occupatlons of life, She
also favora training that produces
good' sltlzonshlp and self sustaining
Twenty-threo years ago Mrs. Mon-
roo begun ber work In tho schools of
Spokane and for twenty yoars sho has
boon principal" of tho Lincoln School,
now tho largest grado school Id tbe
stato, Beforo coming to Spokane sho
was principal of tho largest grado
school la Newark, Ohio.- More than
20,000 pupils have como undor her supervision, Strangers wishing to Inspect Spokane schools nearly always
visit Lincoln school, which la a'modol
ot good discipline, good work and
good feeling, Mrs. Monroe's oxocutivo ability ls of such a high order
that sho accomplishes hor results
without friction.
Tho people of Spokane have warmly
ondorsod her candidacy and party
linos havo vanished where sho Is concerned, Sho has received a large
nunvbar of letters from prominent citizens offering their support, A nonpartisan club has been organised numbering Progressives, Democrats and
Republicans among its mombors, She
has excellont training for.her work,
unusual executive ability and broad
C; MoQ'Brien on^_c y
tlm Coming Election
• '■        _____ (, _ ■»*>. - ,-.-• • '
I seetby pie last issue of tbe'Ledger
that there Is to be a short session of
the Alberta Assembly,. then *a_i, election,' between the 2O'an0'25;bf November. It may be correct, but. as .a
member,of the assembly I have not
had.any notice, neither of a session
nor an election.    " -? J •   '    Q
The Anti-Socialists, .who are always
the friends of labor just before election, are very busy trying to devise
some scheme to defeat the Socialists
in the- Rocky Mountain district,- and
elect one,to defemrthp'rulo of capital.
This district Ib -populated by. members of the working class .though,
some of the business folk and, company officials do not consider | themselves members" of that class. .'.That
they are not capitalists ahould be apparent to the dullest, for what they
are supposed tb own would not laBt
long at a moderate capitalist banquet.
With most of them Instead of having
some property, some property has
them. The Anti-Socialists are too
timid to openly defend the rule of capital, so they'roust appear as the friends
of labor.
I defy any one to name a single
instance where the Socialist representative has neglected to represent or
to defend the interests' of labor, neither
bave I neglected my duties as a raem-
ber of this district. I have held more
p .bile meetings in my' dls'.rict than
any other three members have in
theirs. I have respondei to every
request regarding"1 roads, bridges,
schools, etc., and as compared with
other districts I have been fairly successful. ' ■ The Liberals used to say
that the Industrial development in
Canada was due to their administration;, the Conservatives said it was
the act of Providence. The Liberals
replied that Providence knew whom
to select- to administer prosperity.
Experience' has . proved that the
Anti-Socialists are, to put it mildly,
mistaken when they ..say "to elect a
Socialist' is to frighten capital from
the district.','' There has-been far
more industrial development in the
Rocky Mountain district in the last
three and a, half years than in. the
neighboring districts of B.C. where
they elected.Anti-Socialists to defend
the rule of- capital. I do not wish to
imply that,the industrial development
in the Rocky Mountain district is the
result of having a- Socialist member,
but, having., a; Socialist member has
not prevented industrial development.
As long as. capital rules it will be invested'
be made'.out of wage slaves.
•The Anti-Socialists'accuse-us Socialists of desiring to retard human
progress. Again, it is a case of them
accusing us of .what they are guilty
of themselves-r-the thief shouting
"Stop thief!", We Socialists never
retard the development of capitalism,
on the contrary, we,do all wo can to
speed it on its way to Socialism. ,It
is they who try, as far as they can, to
retard the onward march , so as to
prolong their rule, I hope these few
arguments will Induce some who have
not studied Socialism to do so. Noxt
week I will havo^more to say.«-C. M.
Bngland's , "chief . scientific convention" is the7 annual ''meeting of the
British Association.:"',,lt';Is: ttie - annual
re-uniori of - {lift beaV^bntfns^ln' the
country in practically every branch bf
research. ^ It discusses the' origin of
life, foljdore, electric .railways and,
fifty other'things, during; the week's
meetings of its numerous sections.
Even the labor'question is not overlooked,, andp we -find ."Ramsay, Macdonaid, the leader of'the Labor.Party
ln the British" House of Commons, before the assembled'scientists at'Dundee this year. ,; He "dealt'with • the
minimum - wage..' question, and.- many
other'things, including ehat much debated topic, compulsory arbitration.
How, he aBked, waB compulsory, arbitration to be imposed They would
not Imprison",a body of employers or'
workmen for breaking an award, and
1/t they were to fine, they could not
fine Individually,, but collectively;
only that would mean that tbey would
have to ask for, substantial deposits.
Employers knew that to; withdraw
from $250,000 to $500,000 from their
business was a serious matter, and
workmen equally knew that if they
withdrew .$100,000 from trade union
funds it'was a serious matter. They
had thus to insist on deposits which
were not substantial, or substantial
deposits which would cripple the" en'-
ergy of both of the employers and the
employed, and after all they would get
nothing from the unorganized employers and workmen. The strong unlonB
would never agree to such an arrangement.,' "I,-would advise them,'.',
said Macdonaid, "to keep out of compulsory arbitration",-and, if necessary,-
to adopt a policy of passive resistance.
We must .have a minimum wage, but
yet not regard it as something fixed
all round to every trade and district."
, They laid out a town not Jong ago
at Fort Fraser, British Columbia.
Fifteen streets were numbered and
across them ran fourteen streets thai;
were named. The first named street
was Crown. Ariiong the rest were
King, Queen, Royal, George;'Edward
Alexandria, Empire, Victoria, Government and Laurier. The others, I was
told, were named for sons of Canada
distinguished for devotion to the
throne. < And yet we wonder why-Anglo-Saxon people lag so far behind the
"rest in the world's procession.—Chas.
Edward Russel in the Coming Nation.
Girard, Kansas.
- w
i -*£r* ,
■   .',.;*- :K^ *,—Fr-*'-'Ov :_.i,.».s.y
CHICAGO, Oct: 7.—Fire, here .today
destix-ved 500 tons' of ■ coke .and- - burn-.
ed over a four'acr© cbal dump,at the
southern end. of. the'; city,1, betoiiging
to the-Philadelphia and Reading Coal
and Iron Co. ,. Intense heat arid fumea
kept, the firemen at' a. distance from
the fire .'and fanned by a thirty *.mile
breeze it burned uncheckedby a'soore'
of streams playing on. it;       '",     ,;._, "
,/The blaze is-thought to have been
started from "locomotive sparks-in. a
stable near the^ Illinois Central R. R.
tracks.'   A train of empty freight cars
in the Baltimore and Ohio R. R. yards
were consumed. • The loss   is' about
?75,000.       .      '.,-,, "■'-',- .,-
WIII'Run Toronto Man In North Waterloo—Liberals Nominate on
BERLIN, Ont.. Oct. 7.~-Botl_ the Lib-
orals and the Socialists will contest
North Watorlbo against -the Conservative candidato at the bye-election horo
on Ootober 28. Tho Liberal candidate
will bo chosen next Wednesday, while
the Socialista, at a well-attended mooting tonight nominated Matthew Way-
man, of Toronto, a Socialist organizer
for tho province, to put up a Socialist
fight Thoy plan to hold meeting at
evory polling division lo the riding,
LONDON, Oct, 7,-Tho threatened
labor trouble at Oldham whore mill
operatives threatened to strlko because tho owners would not pay tho
compensation to a girl who was Injur
ed whllo cloanlng moving machines
In tbo factory, has culminated In a
strike of & hundred operatives. Tbe
owners, In pursuanoe of their threat
to tnko proceedings against any strikers, hnvo notified the men that writs
will bo served on thorn for.Illegally
•topping work.
A. McDougall, Mgr.    , ■
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
A Scene From "The Havoc"
R 0 Y A L
Iter Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
set US WjCC
JOHN P0DB.RLA..G.f Prop.
B*r supplied vith the best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars *
:*,-... ...''.;-
-.  0 .
Peps ii the name bestowed npoa a
new soieutlflo preparation put up _nto
tabloid or pastille form, which provides
an entirely new and effective treatment for coughs, colds and lung and
throat troubles generally. r - _
Did it never occur to you as peculiar
that when you' bare a cough or a cold,
or any chest trouble, you should apply
medicine—not to your lungs, but to
your stomach? •
Look at it tbe other way round. Suppose you suffered from some stomach
complaint—indigestion or ulceration.
How strange you would think it if you
were asked to take a medicine which
had to be breathed in, and which went' -
not to your stomach, but to your lunga'
and breathing passages ? >   '
"• There is no connection between the
stomach and the lungs.(bee diagram
below), and when for a cold or a
cough or any chest complaint you take
some medicine, such as liquid cough
mixtures," syrups, lozenges.' which go—
not to your lungs, but to your stomach- -
you are wasting time.
Peps—this newest, remedy for
coughs, colds, and lung troubles—go
to , the lungs and , breathing-tubes,
direct. Peps are really piiie fumes
and certain,highly beneficial medicinal
extracts specially prepared by a new
scientific process and then' condensed
into tabloid form. It is like making a
breathable gas solid 1 -
You put a "Pep" on your tongue
and let it dissolve. 'As it does so the
healing essences it contains turn into
vapor, and - you BREATHE them
direct to your, lungs and air passages I
These healing essences
pass down
your breath-
bathing all ,,
the inflamed1.?. 7
surf aces,Wc
which no"
liquid or
solid matter
can ever
roach, in
pine fumes,
and carrying health
and healing
thoy penetrate.
These tls- «s^>m_MAri
sue strength-" 'r'VSTOMAa
oning, pleasant fumes, so liberated
from the dissolving Pep, aro not only
healing In their operation, tliey are
antiseptic Thoy kill the germs of
consumption, catarrh, and those many
and varied throat aud lung troubles so
common to-day. Pops fumes—llko,the
fumos from nature's Pine woods—got
dlreot to tho lungs and cbost, and give
instant relief to colds, tightness, bronchitis, etc In short, Peps bring pine
forest air to your hornet
You bare a nasty night oougb ? Take
a Pep before going to bed—your oougb
will not trouble you I Your lungs are
a little weak, and going from the warm
house Into the cold air outside makes
you cough ? Just before going out put
a Pop in your mouth—tliere will be no
coughlngl Your throat feels "staffed
up, your chest foels tight, and your
breathing troublssome ? Peps will put
matters right for you very quickly.
Peps, while gradually turning to
vapor u noon as put into the mouth,
will retain tbeir goodness indefinitely
If kept dr/. Eaoh little Psps pastille
Is packed In an air-tight wrapping,
whloh is easily removed, and theyare
packed In neat tin pocket botes. They
are not stioky (the minister or publlo
speaker oan carry a few loose In tht
vest pocket)! ther do net epell the
appetite and ruin tho digestion, llko
cough syrups and mixtures dot and—
they DO oun ooughi, oolda and luni
trouble t
Just ao tho out-door treatment for
consumption—the •'breathing-' treat*
ment—Is now admitted to ho tho only
rational treatment, io tbo "Pepi"
treatment fer oolda and lung troubJoi
Is tho only rational homo treatment.
Peps euro catarrh, coughs,' bron*
chltls, soro throat, tlihtneii or aohitu
across tho eheit, difficulty ln breathing, night cough, hoarseness, asthma,
laryngitis, smoker's throat, ete. lteft
for children became freoirom opium,
morphine, or any poison.  _
All druggists and stores tell Pom
at 50c a box or B for 11.85, Should
your dealer be out of stock, order
dlreot (post nald) from Peps Co.,
Uupont St., Toionto, or 52 Trinoois
_/tt___E TRIAL.-T__3 pwiM-ie-
tors wish tills great discovery to be
widely appreciated, and hare de-
oidwl to offer a free trial packet
lo all persons who would In* to
lust th!g unique remedy, Cut out
*!__!" sr*)??? i^tH? fl<vrc*?9 Jt t^*>
twine of this paper, and'malt it to
Peps Co., Toronto, or 52 Princess
Street, Winnipeg, enclosing
1 cent stamp to pay for return
poiUge. A free trial packet
of Pops will bo tns.lod yon by
return. If yon han a friend
suffering from a cougb.
odd, or any throat
er lung trouble,
band this on.
1 MM *»
y ou \
•  an     A
Large^Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?»
Ferule-Fort Steele '
Brewing Co., Uth
Beer   '»'y*r
-\ . _     _,   •
I  " _;. *    **
"; ■: ancT^~
_l! \
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every person likes to be comfortablo. We bave the latest
design of. stosm heating apparatus In every room. Our menu
is the best. We guarantee oat*
Isfactlon. Two blocks from O.
P. R. Dopot, Old and new faces
welcomed. ,
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
P. V. WHELAN, Msnsoer,
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot snd Cold Wator
lloetrlo Lighted
8teem Hosted.
'Phono In ovory. room. .
temple Rooms on Main
" '' "      BwilntM Ctreci,
Meal Tickets. $7.00
Special Rstns by tho wssk and
the month and to Theatrical p»r«
Special Sunday
The flnoet of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
■nd obllQlno wine oltirks,
*> - _________________: -*■_. ;> ■ '■____________.''■
I positively cure three-fourths'of
ill the cases that are absolutely- in-]
[curable by any methods other than J
those I employ. I do not.care who!
"las treated*you or now; long or, byl
vhat means he.has treated-you,]
the.probability is that I can cure!
|you,- and I will be able to- spean -
[definitely in. the   matter when I™
enow the details of yonr case..
Write for Free Book
If you can't call at my office]
Iwrite for my book, which describes!
bny method, All letters are given]
[special attention.
aiO Howard at., apokan*. Wash,
SMofrh Cure
f T0P9 C0U0N9 PKtcu. is cento
Msasa ra*
<Wi"r- -.*.-*
- -_.>   - _      _- .
.yy,   ' .ti. -
. y
.'-.--J o
••_: _-._v>...
ty "
..» 2,87lD,000
. 44,000,000
Capital Paid Up-...,.'.......-:.,.
Reserve'aiid Undivided Profits,
local Assena....... «»*■..,.*.,. •»...»..
•' - i.'.:,--". 4-.'. » ' <„ ".'.'-.
Just aa a* successful merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Haniilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servioe' consistent with- Conservative
. banking practice.*,-, . y
... No deposit is too. small to assure the depositor 7 considerate ■■' treatment—the savings
accounts bf those in moderate circumstances
are welcomed, with' courtesy, and with absence of undue formality which makes-banking a convenience and a pleasure.'"
F. B. Roberts, Agent "
The' Wagmm *-      .■:#- ^ \ -f
Earners' R^vblt
Trades Unionists Must Unite Politically—Mr/Will Thome's Fres-
sidential Address
F. M. Thompson Co.
:■' i * -:i 'i;. w'The Quality Store.
\\    .       . ,     \OTJR MOTTO..
The right goods.".   The right treatmerir.   , The right
prices, each and every time. ,
Pincher Creek Creamery Butter from' the nearest
■ , creamery, is always fresh and of the
Burnett & Lang
Living Prices
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes'
Me^!s;Furni>shings -
Mr. Thome's address from the chatr
at the Trade Unions Congress -raug
with a militant, self-reliant note. He
referred at once to "the wage earners' revolt*' of the past year. 7 - The
miners be urged to insist on the full
recognition not merely of a minimum
wage, but of a minimum living wage,
and congratulated them on the campaign they are conducting in favor of
nationalization of mines.
'Lord Davenport's Peerage
He was very much to the point in
a passing sentence devoted to Lord
Davenport. "It seems to me," he
said, "that the qualifications most recognized by both Tory and Liberal
Governments for a peerage is the payment of huge^sums Into the political
fighting funds to maintain and uphold
the privileges of the propertied
classes." ' As to the attitude of the
Government, Mr. Thome remarked,
"I have taken part in many industrial
disputes and strikes during the past
23 years, but I cannot recall a strike
where the forces of the Government
were so obviously used to'defeat the
workers as was the case, in London
during the recent transport workers'
dispute. In every, way possible the
police helped the blacklegs and owners." The labor unrest will not cease.
Mr. Thome promised, until the present social inequalities are removed.
We want a better distribution of
wealth. Today the amount received
by the workers' Is much less in proportion to, the total wealth production
than ever it was. At about the time
when the first Trade Unions Congress- was held in' Manchester in 1869,
the annual-• wealth production was
about 800 millions sterling, -and the
amount received by the workers was
about 400 millions, or just half. Last
year the total wealth production was
about 2,000 millions, and the amount
received. by the Wage earners was
not more' than* about 800 millions,
which ' is much less than one-h-flf.
Lot us consider income tax statistics
The gross assessment for income lax
in  1894-5  was'657- millions;   in   __)11-
labor will meet it with all the opposition possible. Trade Unions do
not want strikes, but we will not give
up the right to choose tbe weapons
we desire to adopt to",win for our
members better economic and industrial conditions." The Osborne judgment was'described as unsatisfactory,
since it in no way concedes the right
to Trade Unions to use their own
money in their own way.-'
Political Action Essential
Mr. Thome.spoke out splendidly on
the need for political action.    His argument is worth giving in  full.—
The present outcry against the
Trade Unions in regard to political
action, engineered by a section of the
Capitalist Press, only proves how
fearful' the governing classes are of
the growth of political class consciousness among the workers. They
know better than large numbers of
the workers seem to realize that once
the working, class scientifically organize both on the industrial and political field the sooner' the domination
of landlord and capitalist in social and
political life comes to an end. We
must therefore perfect i our organization, and be prepared to fight with all
the forces at our command against any
attempt to limit our industrial and
political activities.   '   '       .
Why should we leave the propertied
classes the full control of the'political
machinery, and the full force of the
Army and Navy behind them, to use
in the interest.of their own class, as
they have 'done in the past, and are
doing in the present? By taking part
in politics we shall leani that no nation lives to itself alone, ljut that we
must understand the international relations, and must understand our position as members of a great International Working Class _ Movement,
which will put an end to the foolish
policy of spending at least one-half of
sentlal things and works them for its
own benefit the sooner will .they come
into the possession of those to whom
they justly belong. Individual owner-
ship of tbe means of livelihood has
resulted in the economic enslavement
of a large portion of Society—the
working class. ' It has given to the
classes the power to exploit the labor
force of the masses: it has al6o made
them masters of political power, by
means of which they. maintain the
system and perpetuate their, domination over tbeir fellows. I quite recognize the. hugeness of the task. ' But
the workers have' the power if they
have the will, although it may take
many years to bring about these objects. If the sting of present poverty
with the 3read of worse poverty,in
the near future and recollections of
It in the past, cannot rouse the workers to action, pen and tongue will not
do it. Freedom will mean Btruggle
and sacrifice, which, though hard for
tbe few to sustain .will be light enough
for each when all are ready and willing to Bhare It. The workers know
tbis already, and it now.remains to
be acted upon.
Sorts of Associations With International  Scope  Are  Being
Groceries, Fruits and
Bellevue, Alta.
Wo cany a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Bhon£ 103 ;    ■•':::■,     Frank, Alta.
woro the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Beoautethey aro THE BE8T ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
.SAM QRAHAM, Mansflsr
Lumber for all
here nt any time ana in au_
quanlty.     You cannot »wam_)
us with a large order, or glvo
us so small a ono that we will
not attend to It.
(or any kind of bulldlni, you
nay be at work upuu, Havo
ui send you what you want
when you want it
MofHiMOtt avi., on». a n. ouptyr, pirnii
11 it was 1,046 millions.. There, we
hav€ra~vast~increase'~of "wealth',—■"To"
whom ,is it due? Not to the aristocracy or the capitalist classes, but
to the workers, their labor, their skill
and their perseverance. ■ There ~ is
sufficient- proof * to show that there
cannot be any satisfactory solution
to the wage system so long as a small
class in the;. .community owns the
means of producing wealth.
The demand for an eight-hour working day was voiced early in the,ad-
dross. Mr. Tliorne reminded the Congress that at Liverpool in 1890, when
the proposal was first put forward,
it was bitterly opposed by certain
delegates, but these vory delogates
are now to be found actively supporting "It. The president urged, particularly that the eight hours working
day should bo mado a condition of
Govornmont contracts,
A Children's Programme
■Mv. Thorno lias, year ln and year
out,' strenuously urged tho -claims of
thc children, and tho,Congress fool-
in gly endorsod   his   declaration that
the 'amount   of   disease' among   tho
little onoB Is u disgrace to Ilie nation."    IIo ridiculed as Inadequate the'
Government medical  grant of $300,-
000,'nnd supported thojlomnnd of the
Women's Co-oporatlvo Guild for half
a million nt loiiHt. ■ MivTliorno Advocated tlio provision of opon air schools
and tbo raising of the scliooMonvlnpt
ago.    Ho domnndod tbo appointment
of n Royal Commission on University
nnd 'Public. School endowments.    ;'\Vo
imiHt Insist on knowing tlio exact, history nud valuo of thuau endowments,
which  In  n  lnrgo number of oases
wero Intended for tho poor. , Wo must
insist on tholr publlo administration,"
Tlio   religious   difficulty   would   bo
Bolvod, bo urged, .by tho Stnto attending to tlio Hoculnr pnrt nf education,
nud tho churches   to   tho   religious
pnrt. .        (
Ono or tlio phhi._ih.oh In the nddroHH
which nroiisod tlie most linniodlnto response was Mr.-Thome's Indlotmont
of tlin Tory londors who aro Inclt-
■Iiik tho poople of Ulster to opon ro-_
bolllon. "I deliberately clmrgo thoso
mon with being responsible, for lho
brnful nnd cowardly nttneks mado
upon tbo Cnthollc Trndo Unionists
and Socialists lu tho llolfiut shipyards some fow weeks ago, If tho
government had done tholr duty
tliosfl hlRb-plnflod ' Individuals would
hnvo been -put'-'whoro somo thousands
ot Irishmen havo boon put for lorni
violent InnKungo,"
Tbo puratraph Mr. Thorno devoted
to tho Hoform Bill was dlHiippolnlitig
In that It mado no explicit protest
against tho exclusion of womon, iho*
adult suffrage wns, of courso, demanded,
No Compulsory Arbitration
A very strong attitude was tnkon
on the proposed legislation dnallng
with Industrial disputes. Mr. Thorno
reminded tho Government tlmt tho
CouKi-uiiii bud repeatedly repudiated
compulsory arbitration, and by ft
majority of no loss thnn 1.000.000 In
I00f>. "If a compulsory Arbitration
J Dill mnterlnlftes, 1 hopo that orgnnlzod
their national expenditure in building
Dreadnoughts and guns, and in the repayment ofv'war debts. This is going
on in all countries, chiefly for the purpose of protecting the property of .the
idle rich. ''.,". . •    ■    -
House  of  Commons as  it  is today.
There are many members connected
with the Peerage by birth and marriage;- others  'associated   with- the
Army and Navy; the landed interests;
legal profession; liquor'trade; money
and commerce.   All these classes are
over represented, and they cannot be
expected to bring about those social
•reforms   whlcli   organized   lahor   so
earnestly desires,   We .night as well
expect the lion to represent the lamb,
or the highwayman his victim; as to
expect tlio classes who live upon rent,
interest and profit to represent those
from  whose unpaid labor those  are
drawn.   Tho composition of the House
of Commons must be changed,     It
cnn bo changed when the wage earners so desire, because thoy have tho
power, in their own hands,     The employing classes', even with   the   best
will in tho world, will not give the
workers tholr political freedom; thnt
wo must fight for ourselves,   Therefore tho working class political movemont must'' bo Independent of all political parties,   using • such   political
power ns" the working classes todny
possess to capture the political much-
inqry'to onablo thorn to bocomo masters of tho economic rosourcqs and
nil tho mntorlnl moans or production,
Tho Liberal nnd CoiiHorvntlvo parties nro at tho pollllcnl expression of
the. Interests of iho lnnd-ownliig nnd
propertied clnssos, who' although dlf-
forlng on minor Issues. nro'*practlPully
at ono whon lliolr lnlo'rosts as property ov/ncru are attacked.     Thia ls
proved by tho wllllii'gnbHS of Hiicres.
fllvo Govornmonts to plnco tho whnln
of tho foivoB of the Stnto.at thn disposal of tlio employers whonever tho
workers slrlvo for Improved conditions
of llfo,    Therefore tlio working p.Iiihh
the wonlth produclim jmrty, regards
tho political organization of tho working elnnHOH and tho conquest of political power iih of primary linporliuico,
"Thoro Is no noed _ to   romlnd   ynn
thnt the Btnto   IiiHiin.ii.io Act en inn
Into oporutloii'on July 115," said Mr,
Thorno with dry humor, which tick-
!<><l tlio dolORtitos miiftll,    Ilo declared
that ho wns It).-favor of n non-ron-
trlbutory scheme, and protested ag-
uliiHt tho mothods'. by which tho Prudential and othor Insurance-companies
hnvo competed   with   Trade Unions.
"Tho Parliamentary. Commlttoo must
act.at.once, but tho only roal solution |
of Uiu dii-icuUy is lor the Uiivwrnini-.it i
to take over the wholo biislnuss and
work It for the boneflt of all, and
tlm a abolish Llio so huge prnNt-iiiiikliig
machines, built up by tho ponce of tlio
por.ir..'Bt c-liiBH,
The Goal—ftoclsllsm
In conclusion,' Mr. Tliorne claimed
that Socialism must bo tho ultimate
object of tho Trado Union movemont,
Land and Labor nro tho foundation
of nil rlrtins, nnd tlio fc uor Idlo hniid«
we have the fastor wo Incroaso tu
wonlth. The object of all wage earn-
ors should bu tho collective ownor-
ship of tho land, railways, and thn
moans of production and transit,   Tlm
LONDON, Oct. 7. — "Internationalism" Is in tho air; the international
strike, the international congress, the
international laying down of arras in
times of war—these are efforts of men
for the emancipation' of their sex, irrespective of race or creed; so the
time is ripe for an international fair
to bring into closer touch those' women who are fighting for their freedom all the world over. Such a fair
Is being organized by the Women's
Freedom Leaguer, to' be held.'in the
Chelsea Town Hall, on November 13,'
14,15 and.16, and suffragists of all persuasions and women of all nations
are asked to co-operate with it to
bring about this much to be desired
result. .
At this fair women of other nations
will tell of the woman movement in
their own country. There you will
see dances of all nations and international poster parades; there you will
be able to .buy international cooking
recipes, international calendars, international literature, and international Christmas presents."; Strenuous efforts are being made to "render the
whole   atmosphere ' so   international
Conditions on the G. T. P. seem to
be growing worse.' The men on Btrike
■ ■        i      i
are standing steadfast    The reasons
for the strike are many and varied,
the principal ones being higher wages,
good food, more reasonable charges
for materials they are forced tb pury
chase from the company stores, as
well as seeking to lessen the death
foil of the deadly Fraser River rapids.
The Edmonton Daily Capital, dealing
with the matter editorially, says:
The Terrible Tragedies' of the Fraeer
Canyon .
Evidence continues to pile up that
the Fraser River canyon, between the
head of steel and Fort George, has
been tbe scene of a most shocking
and callous sacrifice of. human life. If
there ls one-tenth truth In the stories
which come down from rail-head there
ls necessity for a most searching Investigation and reason' for someone
somewhere Jn the big trap set for labor In that country to suffer a severe
The story told Is so shocking as to
be almost incredible in a civilized
country. Men by the hundreds are
taken into the Fraser valley to work
on construction. Arrived there, they
discover that there is no money in it
for them, that the charge for fare, the
cost of clothing and supplies, the deductions on one count and another and j
the lost time makes it Impossible for.
them to lay up any saving worthy of
the name for the (....icon's work. They
look r.round for _ vay to get out. Up
Hie river are the construction company Loats oh which t^ey must pay
i.i i (r.ts a mile, if they r.ave that much
monoy.- Without' the money they cannot ride. Beyond aire the construction company's trains and camps' at
Which they know they will not be fed,
money or no money. Down the river
lies the rapids.. It fs the only way,
and they take the chance.-
The number drowned in the Farser
Canyon this year .has been variously
estimated at from twenty-five, to fifty.
Men who ha've'no interest iu exaggerating, state definitely and without reservation that at least twenty-five bodies have been found, and men who
have been in Edmonton claim tliat
they have actually witnessed tragedies upon the river.
Down in Montreal, Collingwood
Schrieber  is  still  talking about  the
shortage of labor hampering tbe work
of construction. t _   .-
Surely there is * something monstrously wrong here which needs attention by whatever authority such mat
ters should come under.
Even from a purely mercenary point
of. view, Edmonton cannot * afford to
have <this thing continue. So long as
men know that if they go to the BVaser
they may be sent down the river to
their death there will be the shortage
of labor which Collingwood Schrieber
talks about, and the day when. this
city will be connected up with the Pacific Coast will be just that much delayed.
But thlstmercenary consideration is
secondary. The commonest sentiments of humanitarianism demand
that this terrible tragedy be brought
to an end.
■ This is borne out by the statements
of Mr,. I. E. Haight, a partner In the _
t'.r'm of Haight, Lodge and Mangnall,
of Fort eGorge. Mr. Haight is a mining engineer, thoroughly conversant
with conditions in the camps, and bis
statements come from personal knowledge: <
Only men of long experience on the
Fraser can afford to take thc risk of
going down the rapids by raft, and
oven to them the voyage Is a race with
drcth.    But the laborers become reckless of consequences..    Determined to
leave the camps, unable to afford the
charges of from 10 to 15 cents a mile
on  the  steamboats of Foley,' Welch
and Stewart, and the cost of food on
tne voyage at 75 cents a meal, they1
seek to make their way. down.stream'
to Fort George and thence to the Pacific coast.     These men don't understand   anything   about the whirlpools '
and the different   waters, .and   the'
treachery of  the  rapids.      Sonie  of
Uipui attempt to go down the river
by night   They make their rafts, get
out, and frequently never are heard of
again'.      Sometimes   they   get   stuck
on the rocks, and onco in that position
it is almost impossible  for them, to
get off again.     The strength of the
current is too strong for them to push
off.    If a man is once in the water, it
is all over.
that7it, will'make for sympathy with
and comprehension of those who,
though differing - in speech and
. Tlie Lance, a Toronto labor journal,
says that "the Ontario government has
finally decided to make a move-with
regard to the eight-hour day for miners. Samuel Price, government .mining,
commissioner, has, been,, instructed to
go north and make a thorough investigation of the whole question, reporting to the legislature in time for the
next,session.     It will be remembered
sisters of.the same great human family. Practical demonstrations of cookery will be given by prominent suffragists each evening, and it is intended'to make a specialty of articles for
boys and^men; "I can't find a thing
for my men folk"' shall not be a complaint at the International Suffrage
Fair.     / ■       '
Mr. H, M. Tichenor, Rip-Saw Poet
For games that aro cunning and
ways that are cute, there's nothing
on earth that cnn equal tho Piute,
Ho can fool you and skin you and fool
you'onco more, and each tlmo he fools
you Its worse than bofore. With high-
tnrlff, low-tariff, free trade and protection, ho worked thc samo shnll
gamo at every election; and now that,
you tumblo to how you nro skinned,
Mr, Pluto comos along with anfresh
bag of wind and stnrtB a now shell-
gamo with Toddy and Tough, to fill
up your noodles with mora bunco stuff,
Wllh throo strings to his bow, Mr.
Pluto has n graft—ho can sting you
with Toddy, or Wilson or Toft.
6,000,000       Capital Paid Up  ....
6,460,000       Total,,Assets '.	
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie
j,'-. V * styf
Capital Subscribed
Reserve  Fund   ..'..
. D. R.
,46o,oco xy&ymi
-■ ,. .'•vr
.  - L"_-.i
Ir.terest allowed
ie, Golden, Kamlo.op£*'Michel,,M<^
, Vancouver p.nOlotorla.-'t^t''^ j^**'" .
INGS DEP'ARTMENTrj.>vy\ y^lS:''
on deposits at current7>ate'froni,'dat^of*deposit
. y • ■ .'_.£■*.*>;V**,$?yy .
* Next to Fernie Hotel
from $15.00 to $50.00
sooner Society takos over thoso es- \
Vaudeville at the ISIS
*A. Novo. Hiilmioing Act
III tm.Opomtio Comorly
The Marauders (Western) His Maddona(Dramatic)
Wild Duck Shooting in trance,  Charlie Smiles Love Aifair
101    BISON    101
3   -   REELS   -   3
Pictures changed nightly-Vaudeville Mondays & Thursdays
. &£ *'il">- 'j'7iH 'r-v*:5*-' "~'\ v1**
. Published every Saturday morning at its* office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription r$1.00
per year ih advance. An excellent advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District,..
H. P. NERWICH, Editor; "
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
"\A7^IE^T a inan Soes to look for a job he knows
"" . as a rule the average wage that is paid in
that particular industry, therefore, if he is, say
for instance, a carpenter and the price is 40 cents
an hour, he does not say "I want sixty cents an
_ hour, ''*' because,, that would be foolish,, but let us
ask why it is foolish? Simply because he is aware
that the man to whom he is Applying will not give
more than the market price. „ Ask tlie carpenter
"Why don't you ask sixty cents an hour?" and
very likely he -/will reply something .after this
style: "Do you think I would pay sixty cents a
dozen for fresh eggs in.a store when right next
door they are selling them for forty cents?" This
is a logical argument and worthy of a little closer
study. '      _   ,
If a seller he does not expect to, get more than
forty cents,-in like manner, as a, buyer, he, dries not
see tlie wisdom of paying more than forty cents,
then lie should reach the conclusion that in 'both
eases there is a commodity involved. As a carpenter he is a'seller of a commodity that is his ability to perform certain functions, viz., to build
houses, stores, woodsheds etc. As a buyer of eggs
he is obtaining- other commodities to be used for
the purpose of supplying,food to give him the
strength to prevent his own commodity from
' perishing. .
This explanation should be easy enough to grasp.
That is to say that tliat which the carpenter lias to
sell is a ennmodity just the same as the eggs which
he !..iys. We do not think.it can be more clearly
explained. Tell the.carpenter that he is like the
case in which eggs are packed the only difference
that he moves the case. (i.e. his body) about and
probably he will get angry at the comparison,
shout about being a free-born British subject, or
having a1 "precious soul to save," or some other
equally irrelevant' statement. The question is
not where he .was born or how he was born, or
whether he believes in a hereafter/or not, but-are-
the statements made UNTRUE, and'if true it must
follow that the comparison is. not an unfair one.
Angry words or burking the issue will not' alter
tice of sabotage'-and any'other* means that-may.
suggest itself to hamper and pWer the'masters
as much as possible'. ■ The latter "recognizes that
.by such means the goal can never be reached; that
'   y. I 1    -v    *  * t it *
the slaves can always be beaten .back/by the-.arm-
ed men'who are paid and kept by the, capitalists
for such purposes, aud consequently until the control of the militia,1, army, and navy and. police can
be obtained I. W. W. methods are useless. Socialists, therefore, claim that the only way to obtain such control is by and through the ballot: All
the little guerilla strikes the 1. W. AV. organize are
but' a waste of energy—energy which could be
better utilized by their organizers in: educating the
men they come in contract with how to vote intelligently: We are afraid we are straying somewhat
from the subject we started out with; but as the
paper we are,, desirous of putting right is none
other than the Industrial Worker, the official organ of the I. W. AV., the remarks as above may not
be. out of place.       " ft    ■
In a recent issue of that journal there appeared
an article under the heading "Tlie'Paint Creek
Miners," which does not contain "the whole truth
and nothing but the, truth." The paragraph
which is utterly false, although Ave shall be charitable and believe it was unconsciously so, is where
it says—"The revolt is not only against thc guards
nnd the strikebreakers, but against craft union officials as well. The strikers refused' to abide by
ii contract entered into by well-fed officials. They
remained on strike after different officials ,had
compromised with the mine owners." To members of the U. M. AV. of A. and others who hav.s
the slightest knowledge of the struggle in AVest
Virginia the statement, quoted is absurd. It°is
well known that the fight, is primarily, and practically solely, for the recognition of the union. The
men, backed by the U. M. AV. of A. are putting up'
an heroic fight and recognize that this is one which
will ^decide - whether they shall continue ' to be
-.downtrodden, and accept what the operators will
be pleased to dole out to them,- or whether West
Virginia will become a closed shop. The miners
have implicit faith in- the officials of the International Union and look to them for their redemption. It seems incredible.that the I. AV. AV. writer
did not know these-facts, but then there are many
tilings in this world which it is difficult to under-'
stand. " . •
'    '■'." " ALANTA ROUSES'. IRE
Residents Ask Governor to Withdraw
.Troops,^.Against  Whom-. Feeling is
, Bitter."—T\*o^Oaptains,,arid ."'Seven-'
teen Privates Are. Under Arrest'-Because "of] Sftooting..     -: '"',,   ._,*-, ;\ *
AUGUSTA,',Ga.; Oct. '..^Anticipating .further, trouble- .h_ere*\ tonight ;ixy
sulting .-from- the street'.railway, strike
and the-shooting, of" citizens by ■_,soldiers last night, addition^statVtr&bps
are being rushed to Augusta this.'afternoon, to reenforce those already on
duty.'.., . \     ..**   \.,
This morning the four Augusta companies were reinforced by, a company
of ihfaiitry from Waynesboro) and just
at nightfall a troop, of calvary arrived
from'Savannah. . The troopers'will be
used in •patrolling the-street's.   l"
•There is a bitter feeling against the
troops because. of the killing, of citizens last night. The victims were not
connected, witli the strike; Captain
Jewett, in charge of the picket line,
and Captain Hendertion, officer of the
day, as well as 17 privates,, are under
arrest because of the shooting.
At a mass meeting today a. resolution was adopted , asking Governor
Brown to withdraw the troops, charging that "irresponsible militia" had
shot down "citizens of Augusta when
peacefully, travelling the streets.".. The
bitterness growing out of the Bhooting
has affected all classes of citizens and
.the strike has almost been lost sight
of.   ,    . • '•
Twenty-five, strikebreakers arrived
here from New York tonight. Guarded by soldiers .the strikebreakers were
taken to the car barns. It is said the
company will attempt to operate cars
tomorrow .with soldiers guarding the
cars. All,, the saloons in, Augusta
have been closed and Governor Blease
has' closed all ,the barrooms and resorts on the - South Carolina side,
across the river, from Augusta.
I Our;Le$wB<^l
JHHMfW¥*AHMHMMHPE»-y » * yV y y *
FACTS. - ,
To understand any subject we must start at the
foundation; no matter what that subject may be.
If arithmetic we begin with simple addition, if spelling we do not attempt to spell words of. four syllables before we do those of ono, therefore, wlien
studying Die status of the working unit in society
no matter what particular label lie is recognized
by, whejther carpenter or coal digger, architect or
chemist, farmer or philosopher we must find our
what he is and what he has and the, result of tht
enquiry showing that lie is a worker (whether menial or manual, it does not affect the issue), we then
know that as a worker he is a human paVkago -of
merchandise and the only difference between hit:*,
and the egg caso is that one word—"human"-
then as a human package of merchandise he contains within his "case" instead of eggsyihysical
and mental energy.    Tliis is a commodity inferior
in one respect as an article of commerce, that' as
sneh it cannot bo preserved by cold storage quite
so long as hen fruit,     There nre exceptional cases
of human packages hnving cold storaged themselves for an  extraordinary number of clays, but
their commodity is given for Ihe purpose' of explaining tho meaning of tho word "commodity,"
as thoro aro many who state thnt tliey cannot un.
dorstnnd thc vocabulary of tlie Socialist, furthermore when nrguing (!) prefer lo get up into tho
■.iiotaphysienl clouds rather than stay down in the
physical plane, and in order,to try, to got these individuals to eome down to earth our object is "to
mako it so wmple thnt oven thn dullest intellect
may grasp first principles without indulging in
nny synthetic philosophy.
To sum up. Men who are compelled to work
for thoir li vol ill mul are sellors nf labor powor and
tlmt labor power is a commodity just tho samo
iih eggs, butter, eliopNo, /pork, potato.'., pickles or
pig iron.
TT is'not often tliat wo have oeeiiNiou to tako 11
* contemporary Hint is in tlio flnmo field of lnbor
ns ourHolvoH — in tlio interest of tlio worker — to
tusk for nny iiiiHi'opvoNoiilntioii, conscious or othor-
wiflo, bul when huo.1i does occur wo cannot nnd
Hliould nut rolVnin fnnii putting it right. Mnny
papers in their scoul for tho furthenuice ol! the party
lllld iiriii-'ifiloq I hoy ulim.l IW iti lieyrinil llio l.ntvl"
of decency In lovol.iw nbuso nl. :\i\{\ In WluMViuj;
tho good thoro is in their opponents, or al tlin.se
who do not see eye to eye with them. When .lift
capitalist proi'i. indulge in aueli tactics no Hiirpriso
can he fell, more esnecinllv when it i« f_»v tin.
purpose of decrying >SooinliHi», but when a pnpor
entering to tho producing cIiikh ndoptH nik.i ine-
thodfl it ih both a inn.tor for Hiirpriso and regret.
Tho T. W, \V. ih nu organization tlmt lias iih its
main niin n?id object tlm restoration of the mentiN
of production for the worker, Hn goal in, thoro-
foro, 1ho Mnno ns wlmt tho M..eiii.l..« nro after, only
tlio method of getting thoro iH totally different to
tll'o 0110 wll ich the recognized Roeialist party hns
in   vogue.    Tho   former   believeH   in   the   prao-
UR readers must have heard ere this of the
great $60,000,00.0 Melon the C. P.-R. is'about
.to divide amongst its shareholders. Every paper
in the country has had something to say ori'ithe
subject, the,vast majority opposing this bare-fac-
ed robbery. ■.'Here and there'the' staunch* supporter of the C. P. K. has come out with a plea for.
"the rights of-the shareholders," but even then
it has-been but half-hearted. „Prom this it must'be
inferred'that-thc capitalist'press is .loudly voicing
the rights of-the working; man. Oh.no! It is
the business interests that they are concerned over
for the nonce. The sji60,000,000 which tlie railroad i
is demanding from the public,,will effect the business man, inasmuch as he will have to pay-higher
freight and possibly higher passenger rates, although in the final analysis it will come out of
your hide, ,Mi\ Working Plug. Of course -it matters little how loud the newspapers and thc poor
public may shout, Sir Thomas' voice in the council
room' at Ottawa will drown out the journalistic
broadsides. Tt is, however, .not .surprising that
the Dominion Government in contempt of the nation-wide newspaper protest against the operation,
has given, without hesitation, its consent to the gigantic melon cutting for the benefit of its shareholders. Through the extraordinary powers which
this railroad possesses it can by a simple stroke of
the pou divide #00,000,000 among themselves. Un-
der present conditions the C. P. It. hns the entire
country in its grasp, Jt did not; faro any too badly under tho late administration, but it Room's to
have np equally as good friend in Mr. Borden.
Tn fnct it makes no difference who are presumed
to be in,,pow.or—Liberals or ,Conservatives—the
C. P. T?. rulo the rooRt. It is an unfortunate state
(if affairs, but it is our own fault, it is the work-
ingmnn who votes for mich oonditioiiH, nnd goodness knows ho'gets it too—in thb nock ovory timo.
Tho timo has evidently not yet come when n capitalist government in nn iRmie botweon the people
and a powerful rnilwny company such as hns arison
with.the issuo of tlm (\ I». Jl, stock, will champion
tlm enuKo of tho pooplo. Tho timo will novor como
no long iin the people will put mon in tit. legislative hulls of lho country who aro tied liniid and
foot to their mnstorH—tho eorpornlions, intcrostH
and privileged fow. As thingH slnnd nt prosenl
the government prefer to oboy tho doninwlr. of tho
corporations, which enn both reward nnd punish.'
-    0   .
His Removal   to   Jail. Leaves Forty-
Five ,Defendants in the Dock'
Clark, of Cincinnati pleaded guilty today to the - government's charges . in
the dynamite" conspiracy. As soon
as 'court opened, District Attorney
Charles W. Miller addressed Federal
Judge A. B. Anderson.
■ "If it please_ the court, the, defendant, Clark, of Cincinnati wishes' to
change his p.lea from not guilty to
guilty."        ' - • >    ' ,     '
Clark stepped forward.
- "Do- you-; plead    guilty?"    asked
dudge""Aiiderson7*"r""        ™~ 7 . ■
,"l plead -guilty."' said Clark.
» The prisoner*"was'v separated- from
the other forty-five defendants and
taken,to the jail to await the imposing of his.sentence. Clark pleaded
guilty to all the charges—five "counts
of conspiracy and fifty counts of being a principal'' to the actual illegal
interstate shipment of dynamite and
nitro-glycerlne.    . -      - _.
y      "•?- '■Pernteir,B'.C^Oct.'*9th;-1912
To-the-Editor %'the Ledger.
Dear Sir,—Will you allow, me "some
little corner.; in; your ^valuable y paper-
■to draw>he.'.attentipii-o_r-'the school
authorities to the- inhuman'-.action,.iff
those responsible- for -the' turnout, of
school children'"tor"'meet' the 'Royal
visitors.- I think'.it was onij of the'
most cruel,-actions ever perpetrated
iri Fernie to have these litttle children,'
between 6 and.7 years of age'inarch
from the K. P, Hall to the High School
iri a-downpo'ur,of, rain and-.'then to
march them from' the. school to. the
depot and keep them standing tiiere'lri
the rain with.wet "and cold feeVand
the'grown up people with their umbrellas and raincoats standing on the
depot and out of the. rain. * And all
just to meet people who would never
think of standing In either .rain- or
mud for anyone. If the little oneB
could have understood'what it was
all about then- it might, have been different, but to'keep them,in the'rain
and mud, and wet to the skin, Ib a
shame and disgrace.   ■ ,      y
Thanking;you in anticipation,
Yours, etc.,
.   . , DIS.GUSTED,
TIk local curling club will meet to-
nigh r (Friday) at 8 o'clock in the office« of Sherwood Herchmer. All
these interested in this pastime are
i.vited to be'present.
William ■ McGllltvray, a miner employed by the Steel company, at-Mar'
ble bay, Texada island, has been ,a-
warded $3000 damages by a Vancouver court for the loss of his left hand,
due to a defective cable. The "compensation" had to be fought for against one of the corporation lawyers in
the'province. - Justice Morrison rendered the decision. Without'a union
lo back his'case the chances for-winning a suit'would have been
slim. .'''■
Professional* Mid-Wife
ROME, Oct. 8.—The trial of Antonio Dalba on tho, chnrgeof attempting
to assassinate King Victor Emmanuel
on March 14th began today boforo the
Assises court here,
As no lawyer had offered to defend
tho would-be reglcldo, the presiding
Judgo appointed Depnty Enrico Ferri,
tho Socialist loador, to act as tho prisoner's council, This was done, not
becauso of Slgnor Fowl's political
faith, but because he Is regarded as
one of the-highest authorities on criminology. During his detontlon in
prison awaiting trial Dalba has twlco
attempted sulcldo. Ho nas denounced
sovoral mon us accomplices ancMias
endeavored to provo that his attempt
on tho King's llfo was tho rosult of
a plot but Investigation has shown
that his denunciations woro Imuglnary.
When in .Spokane see Dr. Mary
Swartz, Specialist-iirFeinale Troubles.'
Expert confinement cases; good
home for patients/ 7 „ ;
Dr-Mary Swartz
Gulema Blk., 106,° Post St., cor. Riverside, Spokane, Wash.  „ .
GET;' CO.AL-'_LEA'SE-.^- 7y-ySy,...-I,
' i^-^K^l^N^l^blXJ^RESERVE
' -^&CHEN^>e'pt:, SOr^^lm^rtint1
well feojvn. "contractor.'ob'talned/a^iv
petual ^lease^from* 'the\"'Bl£tckfoot'.I_f:
dians- on all the- minera'f .'.under, the
laids surrendered'-by the':Indians. '->_/*7;
Mr." Pufvi&'.hasV obtained ■ the ;,p*er-
pejtual rights to all the coal, petrol:
eum, oil'arid otheVminerals and'is*to
pay* a, royalty on all minerals mined;
wliiph the government'is to distribute
among'the Indians. -   - .y, .'*■•., < .-
The Indians have heen mining, coal
forJ.'many'years of good 'quality.and
from, the development, they have accomplished it'has proved that the qual-*
ity improves as depth is'attained.-With
modern machinery .and methods there
can,, be no doubt in a-very, short-time
these mines will prove to be among
the. best .in. TAllierta,' and.thai a' great'
coal,industry will 'be!established in
this district. '.' .        . ""'
-•-.Jack Butler, Buffalo, one-of the general officers 0 fthe Structural Iron*
Workers' Union, who is indicted as an
acQBSory'in thp Los Angeles dynamiting cases, was in^Hallton recently,
visiting the, local union of structural
iron workers. Mr. Butler sayB the organization suffered no serious setback
as'a result of the MeNamara affair.
Aslted what he thought the Indictment
agiainst-himself and Frank Ryan, the
general ?president, would' amount to,
he replied: "Burns had about 70 men
by the grand jury as"accessories, but
this was one pf his grand stand plays;
he. knew and knows now that none of
th^se men were aware of any happenings out west. The cases will,likely
never be called." Mr. Butler will visit
several other Canadian cities while on
his present tour.—The Lance.
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
VIOLIN LESSONS   •   ,  «    *
Mr. -F.v Destabelle wishes to inform
prospective students of the violin'that
he is open tb receive a few more pupils.'  Apply at the Isis Theatre.'
FOR SALE—Well built Jour-roomed
House and lot; on Lindsay Avenue,
Fernie' Annex; $400, for terms. • Apply, Ledger Office '■   '   7-6t
FOR SALE.—Choice Alfalfa Hay in
carload lots, at $13.00 per ton -f.o.b.
Coaldale, or $16.10 per ton f.o.b. Fernie.
Every bale guaranteed. '.Farm Products, Limited, 103 Sherlock Building,
Lethbridge" ' .   .,   -   - '   8-4t
Our i'nr.l'nllii'rN bol.overt iu witchcraft mul as-
trolojjy—-wc Hiiiiln now at their iiiiioccnci'. "Wc
know today Unit mnny of their belief., were fooli_.li,
though they foiiK-it   ho   HtrejiuouKly   for   tlii.ni.
■MrtiiW' (l.'i... 1   |l_-.«   v     1-,1!,--     !.. I'll ,   '.|
\\\\VJ7\\ .1!, ..nil ... ..ir |..i-y u'.Jl \n\)' ut, Jul- ).c...:. idtf.
Our hclicf iu kings, pricstn, iiai'.son.s, politicinim,
profits, rent uiiil hit ..rest, is Miru to c.\__ite their
CoiiuniHoratioii,    The way houio workers stick for
1 !_(>«.>   IllUllf.    IVlW    i.fi.'llti   lli/,ii.   ^ynjwVu
-~Iiitiirniitiim.il SocinliNl,
SCI.HNF_r.TAnY, N. Y„ Oct. 7.—Rov
Robert A. Jlnkonmn, until rocontly piuf-
tor of tho Unlto'd Peoples Church, |irc-
parod io go to work In tho stroot clean-
Inn ffiuig undor Supt, John lllckor
today. From now on, ho snld, ho will
earn hln living iih a day laborer. JI©
quit tlio church with n fnrewoll sop
mon, hociiimo, ho mild, »,minister's llfo
Is ninrto nrtlflelal hy his calling.
"Tho mlnlstors llfo Is unreal," do-
clnroil Ilukon-nii. "Ilo hon a code of
mornlfl nil IiIh own nml must suit his
iittoriincoH to the whims of his com-
The Maple
Coleman, Alta.
Central location, close to
Football grounds and
'   Tennis Court,
When in Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy boxes
FOR SALE or to .Rent" 6*^ acres,
,house and barn;''one mile from city.'
Fergu'son, Fernie; B. C_ ~"        "   7'4t
WANTED—Men to sell lots in our
Aihabasca ■. Landing subdivisions,
Good commission. The Great- Atha-
bnsca Land Co.;'Suite 15, Alberta
Block, Calgary. 7-:lt
.._-.DID7YOU--ME__.t:.THE f'DOOie?.;        J •'
•1J?^' **--,' v-'. .-"-   -v.i-. '.3... ;    .   l-  *--,,   *_4 - ..   S--i     :,Q'   .
;,,y;-y..:-,.vy■-..•——^r.-v.v-'jyi}\>iy~y'y-. - •«
JjTniei>ducal;.party;.„'.passed''ll'through-'" •.',
|v_"r_iie^ oii1; Tuesday - l_&\andyq*iiiteia .;.•'.■,'
*numWr<:o)(.bur\afi8^ (tniy"" :•
the^wtio^v^to.^meet^them:-;.^/^:. .wave."
6f\iatTiotis_i_..p_(ssed;'bTOrtiie city^and*'..**,':'
had.it'.beeh ■certalh»that„a.;halt 'would..' •/•-,"
be'made 7 by, ihe party .in Feniie,, earl- 0.7-'
ier|V'hb <:doubt '"CoJii^VCreekt-Miiies-, 'y'7
would/have, beei^jdr^thafc'day si>7,as ,-'' .
to■_,•__. li'aye^^iyefr^^W^^w -,'v'' '
plug -an-, opportunity;f^fV"seing 7,..ihe:' ,.
Royal.- face's.^■Anolher.^Buch^oppoftu-. ..'.-.■_  ■
nity. may. not, arrive; inV!burfgeneratlpn:. • y_
The • disappplntme^tf .'of ;''.:"those'**;,'^_io: -.' ;~
.were'not. fb'rtu_ialte*eri^ be'pre-'. ,-. ' ,
sent- on-'.the..^tiUsp^toits^cciiB^n\.is      ■ |
keen'"' wai." bUjier^yNotwithsto        ,'y
rain, slush'and.-mud;, tie schbbl.chil-.  ■
dren were, .no^doubt/proudrbr.-.their
flag waving, but-then, they are chil-   -,,.;
dren.      .. * ' !   ',■"..'....   * ',-■"?■     '   **;
COAL mlnliiK rights of the Domini
, ,    Ion, In Manitoba. Saskatchewan and.
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North.
West Territories and In a- portion of
the Province, of British.Columbia, may
be  leased  for a  term of. twenty-one :
years at an annual rental Of f 1 _n acre.
Not more than 3.560 acres wll be leased '■
to one applicant. ,•   ■   -
Applicatlon'for a lease'mwt be made
by. the applicant ln person to the
A^nfl 4°J Sub-Agent of the district in
which the rights applied, for are situated. • .' ' _, ,
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions  of sections,' and  ln  unsurveyed
»?_.T,lt2ry V1! tr?Lct. aPP]!ed for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each apllcatlon must be accompanied
P^ a f6?*0' *5 whjob will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not'avallable,
but not otherwise. A royalty shali be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate, of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of mer- •
chantable coal mined an dpaythe royalty thereon. If tho coal mining
rights are not being operated, such
returns should bo furnished at least
once a year.-,        . - .    '    •       ._    ,
The lease will include the cbal mlslng
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For    full    information     application  '
should be made to.the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Domln- *
Ion Lands. ,
_ ,   "W. W. Oqry.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—-Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be Dald for.
.    ,   _ -    DENTI8T >v
•'1 - ■   ,       .  '      '
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
.   Hours; 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 5.
Residence:'21. Victoria Avenuo.
, SNAP—Two-roomed Houso;"plastered;, water in. Also two Stoves, bedsteads, etc. Lot 30 x 120; $100 handles; balance terms. Apply, II. M„
Ledger Office.
To Let.—'Stands on Main Street in
Bellevue; the best mining camp ln
the Pass, Apply to' Mrs. R. Michell,
Bellevue, Alta.
First Class Residential LOT FOR
SALE; 30 x 103; Price, $350. Apply,
W. Shilling, Victoria Avonuo.       6-3t
LOST—Ono sorrel Pony; weight
about 800 lbs.; white fnco and ono hind
foot; mane trimmed; branded on loft
shoulder "V"; $20 Reward, . F, Hutch-
inson, Mlchol, B, C.  ' C-Ot
.     1! 1
•   l-.t.'.r)U,'A,
Tliti ..etui Miknrio of .Injii... watt 11 "kooiI man,"
niourriH the Auioriciin OnjiitnliHt IVchk. To ho sure
—lie lind twolvo 11111)1111080 SoeinlinlH Ininir Iicciuiho
tluty hail tnnmlatcil _M<irx' and Kneels immortal
f'omnnmi'jf Mnnifcatu into thc <'Jit|iunc..i> huiKiia^j.
Thin act nloiKi ondcnrK tho doml monarch to his
friondK tho cxploUcrK nnd wnr-muhcrs nil (ho
world ovor.-—National RipSaw..
Tt Ih a hard thing to valuo tho llfo
of a person In dollnrn nnd onnts. Mmiv
lives nro of Incrilciiiahlo vnluo to somo
fjiifi, MlM* M-uiii to hnvo nono to euro
whether they llvo or Uio.
What n person Ik worth to his conv
munlty nml ih0 world nt Inmo has
hoon riKtiroil out by physicians.     Dr.
i*n, tn Mini i, Jixos tlio vnluo nt
$00 nt birth, IneronsltiK to $4,100 at »0
yonrs of hrc, nml docronBlng from
thoro to $2,000 nt r.0 yonrs.
Dr. C. V. Clmpin, of Province n. I.,
claims tlmt tho avorago monoy valuo
of llro In tlio T'riitM States In $2000,
Taking tho statistics, which glvo .ho
n«* <"",nln/:n to aocluty of a human llfo
ns $300 a year for a basis, Dr. Chapln
holds thut n worklngmon's llfo or 60
years Is worm $1B,000 to socloly,—
Norfolk LedKM_.ip_i.c1i.
Fernie to
Los Angeles
ON SALE SEPT. 4th, 0th and 6th
Good for Sixty Day*
J. S. Thompson, Agi.
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
Barristers & Solicitors, Notaries, Ac7
Offices: Eckstein Building,
i* 3 '_> " " ''     ' -
Fernie, B.C.,
F.'C-Lawe «'■ '     '   f 'Alex. l'. Flshi.
Fernie, B. C.
.     L.    H.    PUTNAM
i ■ •
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
The Celebrated Richardson Bail-Bearing Skates
are Used Exclusviely in
the Fernie Roller Rink.
The Most Cheerful Amusement
In Town
Open 7.30 to 10.
Sat. 7.30 to 10.30
Admission Free, Skating 25c.
j Shooting Season Starts Sept. 2
Como iu nnd soo our.line of
Guns. Rifles, Ammunition
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture
l\ 'm-f
.^_i<i_f'S''!.f;-7-T'p.--."'- ■->- _~* i,;. ,-v
r      -, '--V"*>. - ^ -j   ■>•■'.
-    f:^>'ita-/__________i^"-l'v,'.'--^:y;-'*'^^ %fr--    .,* ,\_-:.--V_.    y.-*.J-.?■*"•..^'
THE DisraipTf^LEDGEB, FERNIE, B. C.; OCTOBER 12, 1912,
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page pnre
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►"&_^£ tv*/**> «£*^*'
,vvy sfWf,,--',:».  ;.■■<>>>./:} ,♦;
*^v,BELLEVUE NOTES .:1:*-^'
v^y;^ •. _y,y y*w '-..yy +
,tl*    i'-   f_,
'■^rfis-*-' --''    *_*^j.' yy- -. .v
■ ■"-• $.-\ -^ ■' .•^lrs^' ^"'BrWee 7vSre\ A'isi't;.-
• returnte^byrthe jlocah at night. 7; ■/.':
Englana.'-arrivedl lri' camp',on.Tuesday
.'•   last. - '.He'has, two-sons in'this'-co'ua-
■ ' try, Ernie, bt" Bellevue,- and James of
. , Passburg.-'- -.*■ - -.•.'■■S7 *' ----.. ■■„•"  	
Fred.- McDougal'C, who has .been In
camp. for. some time pas^/has. left
,   for Pocahontus-where   he   has secured a position.'!;'       y      " y
Mr.  E.' Wiv Christie  occupied  the
pulpit   at   the   Bellevue   Methodist
Church on Sunday last in the absence
, of the Rev. Irwln. ■
Arnold Mai-tell, who has-been working In camp for Bome time, past haB
quit'the mines and-gone to 'Hillcrest to
take oyer .the pool room and barber
-shop lately vacated by Mr. Warren.
Mr. Martell, is .moving his .family to
Hillcrest We' wish you all kind of
success, Arnold.,
Mr. John Kaynbr was in town visiting, his-brother Wallace, who,was operated on a few days .ago for appendl-
Sltus, and Is going on well.- -'Mr. Ray-
• nor left town for.fils home in'Cranbrook on Monday morning.
. William Rutter   Is   how occupying
the house lately vacated' by A. Mar-
tell;, ,' v '
, Charlie Carihgton is now occupying
.the. house  lately .vacated   by  Frank
Owen:    - '     , ' '"•
Miss Nora Mitchell has" accepted a
position as mail clerk In the .Bellevue
• Post. Office.   ',.'--'
.   Janies Turner and family, after nine
/months' stay "in Bellevue   has   said
good-bye to a .large; circle of friends
and-gone to Fernie, where he,has secured a, position with'the Globe Steam
Laundry. We.,wish you and' your
family success, Jim." . '  ''
- ;,Miss Annie'Stubbs, who has been in
the Post Office-"at Bellevue for some
time, has now-resigned" her position,'
and gone for a trip to the old country.
Miss Eva Galllmore. of Fernie, was
-visiting in Bellevue, the guest of Mrs.
James Turner. •'•'..
Tom-.Bennett, -who has been .away
from camp for some time past returned'home, this week. '   He'looks well
*_ff_rt**n 1_.„ ^M-r. *    .■ " .'''.-
Every one who could secure a gun
? Mr.,L;'7c,'NSteye_iv^tVe'nded- *' meet-
;ihgfo'f 'the;Canadian ;5_.inu_g.'institute',
held/in ithe:Sa^toriura^Hotel.;Frank/
on :Mbndajf,xwhi'ch'ineteing' was called
for'the purpose" of'organizing .a Western branch-of,that association'. „■ ;..'• > .
•^The new'-C,-K-R."depot-was' completed.,this ,weiek,;-and 'ttienstaff will
move into their;"new quarters ~in-ithe
course of a1 day or iwol-l . - ] ,~;vy,''
, • Mr' Tom: Duhcan," of-^Passburg,•accompanied by. Messrs." J. Thompson; of
Ellco, J. Shsmks/superlntendent'of the
Coal Creek Mine's,' and" W. Wilson,
mine superintendent "at Hosmer; paid
a visit to town .this week.
Mr. McLelland representative bf a
large concern who are contemplating
erecting a large power plant on the
Bull River, and supplying electric power throughout the Pass, was In town
this week gathering statistics, for his
'.Several parties from the adjacent
towns traversed the surrounding district on Tuesday' in quest of chicken,
but the birds being a little shy, small
bags were the order of the day^
Mr. S. J. Watson, of _Frank, was a
business visitor to town this week.
Mr." Bliss; .representing' Messrs.
Campbell,. Wilson and Hoi ie. of Lethbridge, was in own on business Monday. -
Mrs. Harold Smith. arrived • back
from"the old country,'where she1 has
been visiting for the last few months.
fMrs, McRegan,
recitation; Mr.
_ song;
and> instrumental music,'. af ter/which
liinch was served.' ■ After this-the hall
was cleared-and dancing was-in'" full
swing for a short time. Our worthy
Mr. Cameron had the honor of being
chairman, the duties "of which lhe'.'certainly filled to perfection.'.' .Thesprb7
gram of the evening was as' follows;:
Mrs. Watson, song
piano; "Miss Snow,
Lees and.7 Mr. Haysom, \ song; Mrs.
and Miss Disney violin 'and piano
solo; Mr. Lees, s6ng; Mr. .Sims", two
songs; Mr. Haysom, song; Mr. Quin-
nettl, speech.   '    '    "   y   _
Mr. L. Fletcher,' of Crows Nest was
a visitor In Coleman for the weekend.        " i '
Mr. Sims, car Inspector for Crows
Nest,, was a visitor iri town "for the
week end..   ,   , ,   ■ •
Mrs. Wm. Fraser is expected home
the' last week from; her visit to her
old home in the old country.   >
in particular finds'"a" good market
there. The* output of the mine is in7
creasing as new men are hired," but,
as usual. at this colliery .the miners
are hampered by lack of material-
rails, ties, timber and so forth.- Powder smoke is also a, big detriment to
the men, as no^brattice is used to
carry the air to'"the.wbrking fabe, and
as, large quantities of black powder
is us"ed It is sometimes hours before
a man can vgb back after firing, especially in the pillars.
Organizer Karl Theodoroyltch is in
Taber this week,looking after the unorganized camps in this vicinity.
Attorney J. R. Palmer, of. Lethbridge, was in town on Monday in con-'
nection with the trouble at the'Eureka
Mine.-  - ,     •       :■
.   was away on Tuesday shooting,'and
there were some fine bags of game
. ■ brought to camp on Tuesday night.
Mrs. William. ^Newton-arrived  'in
...camp, on, Tuesday from .Glace Bay,, to.
..' s.    :
The shooting party that left camp on
Wednesday composed of E. Fisher, A.
Varley and.F. Padgett, secured some
;>       fino prairie chicken at Wolstenhomes
Ranch near Burmls:
l> (j. '       Miss Casslo McArnold was visiting
In   Coleman,  on   Saturday night- on
' business and  returned by  the local
at night. '   L
Mr, W. Newton ls now occupylngthe
house vacated by James Turner.
Mrs. A, Martoll waa nt Michel on
business on Saturday and returned
Sunday night. •
Frank Owen, who has been in camp
. for some timo employer! 'as a rock
.nilner, has left for tlio Jasper Park
Mlnos, where ho has soourod a position,
Mr.  Thomas RusboI, of the PoBt
Offlco staff. Lethbridge, Ib visiting'ln
town; tho guost of Mr. Luther Good-
" win;  ;'.' ',; „     ■'        ..."    .-.; , •
, '■ James\Turnor w«b vlBltlng ln Fornlo
In tlio oarly pott pf tho woek on business. _   .       •,.,.',,
, J.'. W. Bonnott, jato editor'of'tho
Rodger, wm a visitor In town < this
wook. •    .
Mr. -Wilkinson, tho President of tho
B, C. Federation of Labor, was visiting
In town, tho guost of M|', ,0. Stubbs.
Mr.; William. Goodwin wftB visiting
In'Pernio, this.wook, accompanied by
her four' sons. They retiirnod Wednesday night.
John Mllnos win visiting sonuM of
his friends In somo of tho upper Pass
towns tWo woek and retiirnod homo
tho Inttor part of the week.      '
Mr. William Mathoson liohl a birth-
day pnrty at hla homo In Dollovtio on
Monday last, and thoy had qulto a
nlco tlmo. Somo of tho hoys from
Siirlnghlll, N. 8„ put In tholr nppoar.
onco mul mndo things lively with tholr
good songs,
0. M. O'llrlon, M.I».p„ tort town on
Sundny to hold a mooting at Boavor
Crock Soclnllst Local. Ho was nc
omnpnnlod by flnm Pervln and Wll-
llairi,Connors, two staunch supporters
of tlio Socialist Party.
Danny' Mciood arrlvod In camp from
f>i_-K-j.u_i, ,s, «„ And bag Btnrtod to
i''\i3'   .J.   ,\_y,   i.
Mr. John Marsh, of CmnQre, Is on
n v.slt to his brother* In (own. Ho
U oxporttlng to stay r short time.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■'♦ ♦-♦ ♦'♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦
♦ •..'',-.;♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦'♦♦^^ ♦♦.♦♦♦
i> ■
Hairy has wandered back into town
and began work at the Pacific-Hotel.
No. place like home.
We have heard no more about ,the
race between the cyclist and a man in
town here, but, so far' as we learn the
man *is* willing, but. the cyclist has
taken cold feet. Show him where he
gets off at. i
Steve Lawson and George Lenardi
went hunting'on Sunday last and
brought home the finest specimen of
deer we have had this season,- which
including a - buck weighing over 300
pounds."       " .
Al Fortier .was a'lbo successful in
shooting one on Sunday last.
The stork visited the'home of""A. B.
Campbellon Sunday last'and left" a
fine baby girl. _ A. B.. has'a big smile
on now.
Don't forget the.vOdd Fellows ball
on October the 25th. Come- one;
come, all.   ,.   ".
Mr. Coon, general 'sales ag-ent of the
Department of Natural Resources of
the C. P. R. was in town on Tuesday
last,' '      '" . ,    .
Doctor and Mrs Nay arrived here
from their honeymoon on Monday
evening laBt,' and he looks none tho
worse for his long vacation. '
A meeting of, the Hosmer School
Bonn! Trustees was held on Monday
I  say,  Mr.  ,  you  are looking
very fat theso'days; the misses must
havo heen looking after you  pretty
good.      Don't mention* It Mrs. 	
Sho mado a pudding the othor day and
—•well, tho loast" said about   It   tho
better.     No more pudding for Willie.
Hosmer School Report
First DIvlBlon—Pupils having per-
foot attendance for tho month aro:
Thos. Craig, Cordlia Do Laurier, Rupert Jay, Sadlo Jay, Saxon Kearnoy,
Laddie KrUh, Christina Krlsh, Sybil
McMookln, Dan McMookln, Lizzie Mc
Dougall, Annlo Pondollcok, Sldonla
Pondollcok, Qrotta Rankin, Wlnnlfrod
Smith and Iloraco Sloggott.
rh pile taking first rank In tholr
clnnueB aro; Bn'rauce Ohiss—Saxon
Konruoy'i Sybil Mi.Modiln and Rupert
Third ClasB-HSrottfi Rankin, James
Millar and Thomas Craig.
Socond class—Sadlo Jay, Lizzie McDougall, Oordlla Dolaurlor and Joanlo
J. E. Jay, tonohor.
Junior Division.—Pupils mnklng por-
foot nttondnnco for Soptombor nro:
Lilian Bright, Marlon Bright, Charlos
MoDougnll, Mary McDougall, Bohus
Pnloeok, Joo Tavornoso, Richard Votto.
Proficiency Llst.-Clnss A,: I, Wll-
Ham Craig; 2, Bohus Pnloeok; .1, Ralph
Torloralll. Class R, 1, Julia anlmroi
2, Charles McDougall; 3, Kdnn (Jour-
Iny. Clnss 0.: 1, Peter Gabara; 2,
lHalx.Ha Parkin;' 3, Antonln Pondo-
locok. Clnss n.: 1, David Bolduc; 2,
Raymond Andorson; 8, Edward Mus-
Chrlstlnnn  D, y
Goo. Brassard, ,iwho has been assistant ^in A. I. Blals' store left" last
week-end, and ls now working with
Scott, moving houses' to the new town-
Mrs. D. Malcolmson, of Edmonton,
was iri'town from Tuesday,to Thursday of last week visiting her parents,
Mr and Mrs. A. C. Beach.    '
Mrs. C. ■ Richardson's, mother, who
has,been, here for a0 few weeks, left
on Tuesday's flyer for her home in
Oregon, y
August Klaus left his work in the
old mine here last Thursday, and on
Tuesday took train for Erskine to walk
on his. ranch at evening, which is a few
miles out of Ersk'ine.
,Mr.. Eugene Harlow, late of Nova
Scotia, arrived from Calgary' early in
the-week to take the position of clerk
in Blais' stotre.'
Things -are' moving in Frank already over a dozen houses are on the
new townsite, and are being fitted for
tenants, who are just waiting for their
Mr. Love was .in Bellevue on Saturday looking Rafter the Hardware Stora
in the absence of Bob McGowan, who
spent the day shooting.
Born—To Mr and Mrs.
of  Frank,
on   Tuesday,
P. H. Dubar,
Oct.   8th,   a
Plthlnilo,  L.L.A.,
A.  Rolfe left for .Calgary on
Sunday evening on a visit. •
The - Ladies' Aid of.-th'e Methodist
Church served a tea in aid of church
funds at the home, of Mrs. Blais last
Thursday. A number of the ladies of
the town were present.
■The death of Sam Carovellas was
announced in last-week's issue, Wlien
the body was found life was extinct,
so it was removed to the Union Hall.
Coroner Plnkney was called and gathered his jury for the inquest, they
were A. I, Blals, .6. Lovo, Fred Allot,
James McGochle, J. 'McDonald and D.
Brown, Fred Allot was chosen as
foreman. The inquest continued all
the afternoon. J. I. Stirling and F.
Asplnnll, inspectors of mines, were
also present and . questioned closely
the flro bosses who wero in charge of
tho mlno whon lho nccldent happened.
Tho Jury's verdict was "Death by Suf-
focatlon," Tho funeral servico waB
held by Rov. W. T. Young in' tho Union
Hnll, on Friday nftornoon, aftor which
the mombors of tho union followed
the body to tlio Blairmoro Cometery.
Tho subject for noxt Sunday night
In tho Mothodlst Church is "The Soat
of Authority In Rollglon-the Bible,
the Church, or, What?" This Is tho
third of a series^ '
A Sunday School convention wns
hold at Blairmoro on Wednesday,
Frank sijppllod several of the audlenco
m woll as ono sponkor.
Mr. Koovor movod his family to
Blairmoro on Wednesday. They had
hoon living ovor Crows Nost Hard-
Tho Dlstrlot Board mot horo on
Tuosdny to discuss tho doings- of tho
District, Prosldont Stubbs, Vtco-Pros.
Jones, Intornritlonal Board Mombor
Harries and,othor mombors of tho
Hoard woro prosont.
Mr. Paddy Qnughan has drawn his
tlmo and Is leaving for pastures now,
Lust Thursday n Russlnn hy the
namo of Podrlo died at tlio Frank Hospital of honrt disease, H0 was work-
lng nt lliirmls. hut not being n mombor
of tho union ho wns burlod by tho
govornmont at ninlrmoro, whoro tho
Hov. Mr. Hunter oifflnlnted. Tills
Bhould ho a warning to non-union men
to got Into lino,
McMahon, electrician at the
Canada West, haB* been promoted to
chief engineer. ..He came*out;from
Scotland a year "ago and passed his
examination at Lethbridge a couple of
weeks ago. His brother, George, fills
the vacancy left'.by'his promotion.
On Sunday last the new Methodist.
Church was opened.- Doctor Riddell.
of the Alberta College. Edmonton,
preached .the opening sermon.
Jim Scovell, working on the sidewalks met with a very painful accident on Monday afternoon, In some
way. he got his arm entangled in the
ceriient mixing machine, and had it
broken in two places: Mr. Harris attended to the injury.
Alex McRoberts has bought the
house in, town known as the Temperance Hotel. He has occupied it the
last two years as tenant, but will be
his own landlord in future.
A lot of. real estate has changed
hands lately. A.corner lot next to
Powell and Stephenson's Store was
sold for twenty-five hundred ■ dollars.
, George. Miller is having an addition
built to his office on Douglas Avenue.
F. Sundal, will open a real estate office in Miller's old'building/-
Karl Judson intends building a new
theatre ori" High' Street, opposite the
Taber Furniture Co.''
A meeting of Taber Local S. P. of
C will be held on Sunday, October 10,'
at two"p.m., in the. Miners' Hall. A
good programme of'speakers has been
arranged for and .everyone is invited
brdught the house down by his" manipulation of the violin, for in the' words
of the boys, "He can make it- talk."
Tommy, you are sure It.'
-" Mary, Ella and Linda, daughters of
Mark .Hugall, are expected in camp
this, week. They are coming • from
Chorley, Lancashire, England. Mark
is b'usy'preparing for them. We bid
you welcome, wgirls.
- Harry Warren is paying a' visit to
friends at Princeton, B.C.
Paddy King is back in camp. He
cannot stay,away from Coal Creek.
_ Jimmy Eckersley, o« Welsh Camp,
was taken to Hospitalbn'Wednesdav
morning to _ undergo treatment' for
stomach trouble. ' Hope to see you
better soon, Jimmy.
Undoubtedly the best smoker held
in tho camp was the unanimous opin-
ion expressed on the smoker held in
the Club Hall last Saturday. Mutz-
ine and crackers and cheese was the
fare. The following took part In the
programme: Chairman:" R. Bills-
borough; accompanist, C. Percy;
song, W., R. Puckey; song, Pete Dawson;, song, Fred Talbot; song, Tom
Wright; song, Reece Morgan; song,
Louis Morgan; song (comic),' R.
Blllsborough; song (comic), J. Hewitt; dramatic recital, George Find-
layson; song; Len Steele; song, Joe
McMillan; song, Dan Oliver; song,
George Knox; duet, Brothers Morgan;
step dance, G. Crabbe_
* ♦
•Diamond City,coal mine is now
booming ahead, working double shift,
producing a large quantity of first-
class coal. Locomotive had to go
out on Sunday to bring in cars for the
Young Miller called on Vincent to
make a-settlement, and an arguinent
followed. Pistols were drawn and
Vihcent'Veceive.d a wound from which
he died a few days afterwards, '
. Since then. Ambrose Miller has been
tried for murder here and acquitted.
A statement'written by Vincent and
oral statements by him, were to the
effect that, he knew he w'ascdying "and
that .he had been assassinated - without cause.
It was brought out by rarious witnesses at the trial that Vincent frequently had discussed his disbelief
in God. Th© evidence of his atheism
was introduced to discredit thq, value
of his dying statement.
Efforts were made to bring out at
cthe murder trial that the $30,000 ac-
cldent policies carried by Vincent
contained the clause that he was not
entitled to the money In case of death
due to a quarrel which he had pro7
voked. ' ,
The attorneys sought to prove that
Vincent, being an agnostic, oven
though he faced death, had ho such '
fear of it as besets the average man,
and was willing in. his dying state
ment to place the blame" for the'quar-
rel on young Miller, simply to pro^ •
tect the $30,000 accident .policy.
This point was argued before the
Judge and he ruled against admitting    ■
it to the Jury. ,   However, when the   "
civil case comes up over the insurance
policies, which tho wife and daughter
of Vincent will attempt to collect, tho
whole question of Vincent's belief an<J '
Its effect on ..him when he was making the statement will be gone Into at
SMo/f's Gun
WSlmVSS COU0M»- c<"«s eou>8.
I've been elected..
Sarah (with delight)—Honestly?     '
Politician — What  difference   does
that mako?
Don't forget to try Eastern's
.   Whon yon want
Coleman Bakery
* Alex. Easton, Prop.
They are now putting down the
steel to the mine, and expecting to
haye a large output this winter.
'   0URMI8 NOTES 2
(Received too Into for publication
last weric.)
Mr. A. Rowloy.U oroctlng a houio
on   .ho lot  which  h* purv-innfld  p<_
<*M!y from A. J. Ijithbury.,.
A football gfttnn wai • played hor*
UU iw*lH.fld betWMn tlia compAn?
men at tho mltwi on(. th* digger*, nnd
r«nil|«4 la » win tor tb* rflgfera bf 1
•cor* of > lo 1
Tho mln<>8 nt Mc-Hllvrnv Creek were
idle on Vildny nnd Satunlny of hut
wonk owing to the company having
to Install n now gonorntor at tholr
I>ow«r plant.
Tho Prod llnymond Opera Company,
which played horo on tho lecond of
"if* month, put on a Kood production
during tho week.
Mr. Graham, iu...»rtK«r o< the Opora
Houae baa been fortunate In locurlng
aom* good rompanlei of .__.«,
■" Tho at homo giwn by. tho Maionlc
fraternity on Friday wai a good mc-
<**«, and overj'ona fed a good time.
Ther* wan a uooil iH'OKtauk ot vocal
^P*   ^^ ^5*  ^gf.  jv   ^&-  j-^  —nt
Th© mlnoa In thia dlitrlct nro work-
Ing ovory day. Tho C. P. h. nro
»up|)l>1nK open earn, which do not
■ult vory woll, aa thia conl doon not
atnnd oxpomro to bad woather vory
long, and aomo of it haa b<*n on th»»
road for two raontha., The management rwelvod n letter th* nthor ttnv
Inquiring for a *nr that wa» shipptd
«*rly In Auguat for Saakatoon.
Order, are pouring |0 tl tll0 Can.
ada W.it, One waa received on
Monday for a hundr_4 car* from
MooaeJaw.    Thia company aim «hlr«
•. The mines up here are still working
steady sixldays per week.
We hear of one" of our old residents
taking a hunting party into tho vicinity of Bull River, and upon* their arrival the pack horses evidently did
not like the country, so hiked back
for town, leaving the poor huntsmen
grieving over the woe's and worries of
a huntsman's life. ' Pretty hard lines,
Charlie. "Let's all go down the
Strand',' next time.'"
Now that Bobby Loe's. wife1 has ar-
rived back from' tho old country,
whero sho hns heen spending a lengthy holiday—and, dollars—we hope
to seo Bobby rognin somo of the
weight he has lost through baching.
Tho tlpplo crew nre nrrnnging to get
to tho "At Home." Good luck to you,
Wnltor Joyce arrived bnck from tho
coast and has started work ngnln in
No. 1 North mine.
- Mrs. Byron, of Wojsh Camp, has re-
turnod from Hospital, and is Improv-
Ing as woll as cun bo expected.
The oxtonslons at tho Club nro do-
Ing apaco, Tho carpenters nro bUifr
putting on tho weather boards boforo
tho unow arrlvoH.
Provincial Constablo Boardman is
buuy fencing around 'the coop.
A motlng Is called for Sunday, October 1.1th, In tho Club Hall for tho pur-
poso of trying to form nn nmateur
dramittlo noeloty. Will all persons In-
tereutnd kindly note. Commencing 3
Any portion desirous of nttondlng a
night Bdiool nro requeued to give In
tholr namoB to Harry, Mlard, secretary, Coal Crook School Bonn!, Riving lho fliibJoctR they nro desirous of
Tho stork visited French Camp on
Tliurmlay, lonvlng n son to Mr nnd
Mm. Isrinc Cartmell. A few of either
sort la not too bud. Iko. Stock la
aa good 11 s monoy.
"Tho man who nttondi Church ro-
Kiilnrly and enjoys tho normonH iind
Ih not a Christian," la tho subject
choBPii to apeak on hy Ilov. Mr, |'o,,r.
non nt tho I'roabytorlnn Church on
Sunday, October 1 nth. . Kvorybody
A lilfalo atudnnt clnHa will he atnrted
un Miinifuy ui 1110 Prcabyiarlan Church
to tako place lmmt.dia.ely nftor Hun*
•Iny School. All our H iVittH v(
age wolcomo,
Mrs. I .irlrtiiHoii and family w#>r«» n1(.
KvniMft 01 Mr 11 nil Mro. Charlie Hog-
keth on Wednoadny. '
Jimmy French, bolter known nn
Vorkle, lind the mlnfortuno to break
hla collar bono on Wednoaday, aa n
roiult of a trip of enra running buck
on him, while folioivlng hhi W\\i\uy
ment oi ropo rider in No. I North.
Hilly itnrolil, miner, cmy!o>ed 'ni
So. , Kant, got caught between two
enra by tho leg. Although nothing
aerloua, ll will be a day or two before
he tan reaume work.
A mtuical prodigy waa tinearUied
at the amofcer b*»M her* ?_._»( SiUuntw
yAL,a_jiieet_ng__i,o£___,Eassbu rg-Local-
TJnion; No. 2352. held in September,
the > following were' the nominations
for District Officers:
For President—David Rees, Fernie,
B. C.   ,.
For   VicfrPresldent—J.
Hillcrest, Altafs
■ For Secretary-Treasurer
W. Brown, Michel, B. C.
For International   Board    Member.
Thomas Harries, Michel, B. C,
For  Sub-Dlstrlct   Board  Member-
John Magriall, Pa'ssburg, Alta.
For    Neutral    Scrutineer ■— Clem
O,    .Tones,
Dealer In \    '
Dry Goods,    Boots & Shoes
Groceries   Fruits/Flour  &   Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods    at   Lowest
Contention  la He Was Agnostic and
„ •■ Had No Fear of Tel';ng Untruth
VICKSBURG, Miss., Oct. G.-A big
strugglo- that will begin in Memphis
soon for $30,000 accident lire Insurance money loft by A, J, Vincent, a
woalthy lumberman, will hlngo nbout
tho quostlon, "Did Vincent bollovo In
Tho attornoys say this will ho somo-
thing now In jurisprudence and that
thero ls nothing in tho lawbooks hoar-
lng on tho subject. Bcsldoa tho $30,-
000 accident llfo Insurance policies
Vincent loft considerable proporty.
Vincent lived In a country Bottle-
mont In tho pbrthorn part ot tho
country until ho wna killed n few
months ago by AmbroHo Miller, a
youth In hlfl employ.
Mlllor nnd his fnthor had boon
working for Vincent, and thoy doclnr-
©d that Vincent wa» trying to cheat
thorn out of a part of tholr wages,
ShikM Cun
Hardware and Furniture
Wo havo thc largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock ;
in tlie Pass.    Everything in
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.     Speoial Attention to Mail Orders
Crow!s Nest Pass Hardware Co,, Limited
Phone 7     FRANK, Alta.    P.O.Box90
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
Wc cater to the workingman's trade
G, A, CLAIR ,._.,. Proprietor
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society:, Limited
Groceries,  Dry Goods, and General  Merchandise
» to « ci ,0 flpovane.    xut <*.! |ta the per™ of Tomm, Wrttht, X
The People's Store
Owned by
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
We invito tlio inspection of tho
public to our stock wlrioli is absolutely
itimvium'i. in i'u.i\v jmrtu.iilur.
Wo Imvo ono of tbo finest stores
in tbo Pass.
We are in every way suited to
supply tbo public with quality goods
at living prices, ('ould you* expect
more ?
t-rffl M**^***/"
...in nn -rTiW - im _r*TW""".'f'ff'^
<?-.':t;.? -...*'
_ h>*.   3
:(-r' J
Pollution of i^ir by use of!;;
Coal May Destroy Race
By 1950 it Will Be All Over, According to Professor
Ludwig Pietch.-^World Kept ih Happy
Ignorance of Danger by Nature's
BALTIMORE, October 7.—By 1950
it will all be over. Our social problems will be solved. There will be'
nothing in economics to worry us.
Political ambitions and misdeeds will
bo no more. And all this because we
will all be dead! That's "assuming
that a certain Professor Ludwig Pietch
is Tight and we keep on doing as we
now are doing. Just what Pietch
thinks he has learned is told by Dr.
Leonard K. Hlrshberg of, Johns Hopkins.
Professor Pietch's investigations, according to Dr. Hlrshberg, shows that
the air we breathe has, through artificial means, principally  the use of
coal, become charged to an alarming
extent with carbon dioxide, which If
the increase continues,    will    bring
' about the destruction of tbe race.
Tbis i9 Dr. Hlrshberg's explanation
of Professor Pietch's startling deductions.
"The air we breathe is made up of
nitrogen and small. amounts bf car
bonic acid, niton, helium and other
rare "gases. Although you and your
children are taught about carbonic
acid in school, how flowers and vege^
tables breathe it in. and use it for
their health, and how man and animals
exhale it and find it to be a dangerous poison .still practically no great
amount of attention is paid, to it.
"Carbonic acid, as you remember
from your schoolbooks, 1b present dn
the atmosphere, fortunateVj. In such
minute quantities that 10,000 gallons
of air contain only four gallons of the
carbon compound. ,,
A Wonderful Compound _
"Although present In these relatively absurd amounts it is far more powerful in its activities than any other
constituent of the atmosphere excepting only, and with some doubt, oxygen Itself. -It is truly without denial
the most powerful compound in the
air about us.    Without its presence in
one part oxygen, fourtimes as
much the percentages found plant life would
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines, Liquors and
'Phone 83, Frank, Alta.
Stephen L. Humble
.Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
 Fgrtry Goods and Stationery      1
BELLEVUE - - , Alberta
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found  in such a display  of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Impera.or Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66'
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Cofiee and Sandwich
HazalwMoci Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE,,B.C.       Phone 34
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
|      First clan Horaat for Sale.    §
' :tffl'r-Vy win r»i „.___,,
Buys Horaea on Committor.
I Goor^e Barton
Phone 7R I
A Flash of
Ih Just iih likely to striko
thn Iiouho of tho uninsured
mnn nu Hint of IiIb moro prudent neighbor, No bullillnir
Ih immune,
Better Have
Us Insure
Every convenience end comfort, Jutt
Ilk* being at home.   On» block
from Pott Office.   Centrally located
II. A. WILKB8,  •   Proprietor
PELLAT AVE.    •    •    •     FKHNHL
you ..ml --i.\v «t -i_.iii.niib
clinic .-U.iC-it.-l (u tlto italic),
Thon you nceiln't worry every
tlmo thoro U n tliunderntorm,
uot.be possible.    At the same time if
it occurred in proportions ex^ssivo, of
those found, it would become danger-
oub to man and animal life, •"
,'  "With the.destruction-1 ot   forests;,
treesj shrubbery and plant life gener*
ally, which ia going, on apace hand in
ham. with industrial excesses,.there is
less .absorption of carbonby tlie.vege-
table world, and more manufacturing
of it by man.     Timber chopping and
deforestation also release considerable
pent up carbonic gas from' the soil,
while simultaneously   removing   the
greatest source of fresli oxygen.   This
fact was not'even considered by the
late Kelvin when he said: "The' hu-
man race Is threatened with Inevitable
destruction and in a very short time,
for we are taking la onr forward industrial march the vital organ of the
air and uniting it with solids from
which it cannot be abstracted by the
vegetable world.*
Points out Danger
"By the year 1950, only one generation in tho near future, possibly 50-
odd thousand millions of tons of coal
will havo been changed into the poisonous acid gas and belched forth into
the air' our children will be breathing.
Will they and the other living, but
lowlier creatures be able to survive
the toxic effepts?*   Will the human
race survive the year of grace 1950?"
One nice comforting thought in this
connection  Is that  the human. race
has survived a good many dire happenings that didn't happen.
"In plain English, then,", animal life
Is absolutely dependent upon the vegetable world. Plants, in turn, owe their
lives to the occurrence of carbon dioxide in the air.     If, then,'the modicum
of the carbon molecules, the four one,
hundredths of one per cent, of carbonic acid now found in the atmosphere, were to escape, be lost, be imprisoned or* otherwise destroyed, all
life on earth-would   become   extinct,
mankind would disappear • from   the
face of the globe..
. "On the other hand, if the carbon
dioxide were to be increased but an infinitesimal amount all higher forms of
life such 'as man, elephants, monkeys,
camels, horses, dogs, roses, carnations,
flowering plants and air-breathing animals would be quickly annihilated, for
the gas in such proportions would be
a fatal poison to the lungs, heart and
liy ing tissues, generally.
In Happy Ignorance      •
"Nature's wonderful equilibrium, the
curious balance maintained by a higher power between the breathing out of
carbon' dioxide by apimals   and   the
breathing-it in by plants, hitherto kept
the human/race in happy ignorance of
the danger 'which surrounds- us.   The
delicate' equivalent of the oxygen ex-
| haled by the vegetable world and the
bfoth'ers has been until now exactly
equal to the reverse respiration bf carbonic' u'cid.
"As a result during the last decade
of ithe strides of urban civilization
strange results have come into play.
"Professor Pietch, a former student
of Johns Hopkins University, showed
that the exquisite balance sustained
for thousands of centuries by Nature
lias been disturbed,, Processes of an
artificial kind, the handiwork of man
and his human agencies, are' threatening to kill us. In brief, our very inventions, the veritable acts of harnessing physical nature, are destined to
work such havoc with the human race
thill'the Tower of Babel, tho Titanic
and mul Quebec bridge,will be as Bro-
bdlgnaglnn catastrophles beside those
about to befall the human race, if. Professor Pietch's discoveries are nub-
stan tinted'.
"The professor hns discovered the
Imminent faet t'lint the carbon dlo'xldo
has Increased from above three to a
fraction abovo four one hundredths of
a por cent, In tho i-tmonphorc of tho
isolated' country towns, while In tho
cities il is woll abovo four one hundredths ,of a per cent., closely np-
pronoliliiR lho fatal poisoning proportion.
"it Ih Increasing nt sufih a rnlo and
In midi iiinountB tlmt. Professor., Liul-
wli. iMotcli advises tlmt nil tho coiil
■mlnos lie closod for a porlod of yours,
nnd holds .Hint tlio conl minors' 'strlko,
whllo ii. Hccmlng calamity, Is aolunlly
n hh.HHlui; In iIIhkuIso, For lho lu-
nretiHliiR expulsion of wont voliimoi.
nnd imrllclcs of rnrlio'n nnd enrlinn dioxide Inlo Uio clrciimamhlont othor litis
offpciniilly find perpetually dlHturhod
llie loiiK.-ooi.itlnuo.l balance nnd Ih fast
iiinl.liiK 'tlio carbonic acid output np-
pioiit'h n pereontflHU Unit will 1(111 nil
HvIiik oronluroH.
"Tiih-ireuloslB, pi.cunionln, lionrl din-
..ih«. kUlnoy niiilndU'H, nro duo as
much to enrbon cllosldo pnlHoiiliiff nH to
Imctoi'lii nnd'ovorontlnpt. Tho pro-
rnsflor points to tho nliinnlng Incronse
oi Ills dlscovory of tlio pros.oHHlvoly
iiiipniu'liiK augmentation of this polnon>
ous una.
"Tlio moro Ioks of tlio use of coal
ns n fuol la lioaldc this danger to Iiuni nn llfo utterly noKllKlblo nnd truly
luilrlcrouti. 1'ubuIui. laws to stop the
uhi* ofponl for ia itorm of yonrs mny
•V-N VL-
i' ~ At? ••„
■-*■ '• -yy  yl^y-y
Court Upholds Assessor's
of Vot«rs' list7
President Foster of Dist.
EDMONTON, Oct. 2.—City Assessor
Walker has- come, out' of > the contest
upon the tenants* franchise question
with flying colors.,1 The ruling of the
court in the; teBt cases forced'by. the
city to decide'exactly who'has,and
who has not-the right to caist a ballot
at tbe .municipal; elections, has upheld
the-stand' taken by the assessment department in every .single',, instance except one, and in that case the applicant's position was mad,e ^by no means
clear. "' " ,:    -,'''"■
Some, of these self-complacent • citizens wlio had cheated themselves Into
believing that Edmonton enjoyed
what wsb to all "intent and purposes
adult suffrage—as far as British sub-
Jects were concerned, at any rate—
will receive a rude shock when they
becomo acquainted with the ruling
given by Judge Beck at his hearing
of the eight test cases in chambers
recently. -u
Who Cannot Vote
Broadly-speaking the following have
np right to-vote: Sons and daughters
living a.t home with their parents and
contributing to the household expenses, tenters and shackers, boarders,
hotel employes and domestic servants
who received accommodation as part
payment of their salaries.
The man who pays rent for a room
has the right to be included1 on the
voters'-list, but he has not "that right
If he pays a lump sum for room and
board, the judge' being of the opinion
that In this case he is to all intents
and purposes one-of the family, and
in practically the same position as a
son or daughter. As far .as the
latter are concerned, .tbe judge quite
realized, that some hardship might be
imposed. He took the case of a young
man living with'his parents and'helping, perhaps to.qilite a considerable
extent, with the expenses of the family manage.
"lie iin.' ,\'o :\ *■£'•? good boy'aud
kind to his "mother," said -his lord-,
ship, "but he is certainly not a lodger."
The One Exception
Hotel employes receiving a monthly
wage" and room' and board have'1 been
excluded from the voters' list. _ If,
however, one", of this class receives
wages.,, and board," but pays rent for
a room outside of-,the hotel, then he
may have his;cognomen inscribed
upoii'the charmed scrolls Clerk Mc-
. Robert Foster.:!' 'President'-. District'
No. 28, U. M. W. of A./writing to'(the
Ledger under date of October- 4, 1912,
says:   . -'-„...-•.      , • ■
"We have rather peculiar situation
here in District No; 28.' the .Canadian
Coal Co. (Dunsmuir Ltd.) have been
practising discrimination against .the
members of our organization' for some
time, this has finally culminated;lit a
stoppage of work by the. ineii and ali
the mines of that company are iiow
idle':    •   • .  . -,   :'    ; y- ,.
"Sunday, the. 15th September, the
employees of that Company at Cumberland held a mass meeting and-decided at that meeting to take a holiday as a protest against the discrimination practised by that company. At
the meeting of the Local ..Union of
the mine workers held that evening
the action of tlie mass meeting-was
endorsed and a committee appointed
to confer-with the management" of the
mines in regard to the caseB of the
two brothers who had been discriminated against, one of wL'om had been
discharged and .the other prevented
from starting work after he had obtained a job from one o." the contractors.     This committee, went to the
office'of the company on-Monday,,September 16th, accompanied by District
President' Foster, when the management positively, refused to meet the
committee.     On Tuesday, September
17th the management, posted- notices
ordering all 'men,to take their tools
out.of the mines'.     Also stating that
all the late employees of the company
would be paid1 off just.as soon as the
pay roll could be made up. ,  Later
the  men held  another, meeting and
sent ..another' committee to' meet, .the
nianagemeht.     Mr. . Clinton!    whom
they mat; at the office, aud whom they
had' been  informed  would- represent
the management," told them that he
liad no authority to do business with
them. • ' On the. 23rd of September another committee went to the office and
met, Supt. Lockhart, and discussed.the
situation with him.    He took the position that there was no discrimination',
that the "management _ reserved   tjie
right to hire and discharge unquestioned, without giving any reason to
the individual affected or to any one
else.  ' He-made no proposition of any
terms of settlement and gave the com--!
mittee nb .satisfaction.      _ . -  p
. "Since that time .the management
has  attempted, to  get the trainmen
ifvpAekAce is: blue*;
y^ XyOfiOHTO - PNT-"li
i   ^.tOMfWff!
Omaha is John A. Gillespie, a resident,
of this city fort nearly jialf a century.
Gillespie was formerly superintendent
of the. State School for the Deaf and
ii a hardheaded man,of business affairs. OtherB In Omaha who belong to
the 'Students" Include tfie head of a
'International Bible Students" .Declare
Hope Is Founded on the Scriptures
, OMAHA, Oct 7.—The second coming of Jesus Christ is" scheduled for
October 1,1914, and 1000 men and wo. department of Harrlman railroads, semen in different portions of the United veral mail carriers, several profession-
States and Canada are busily making
preparations for the event" The memr
bers of the sect which has for its
principal tenet the end of the present
world are holding weekly meetings lh
half the large cities of the country,
but so unobtrusive are they that few
"outsiders" have been made acquainted with the.predictlon that the time of
the second coming of Christ is so'
near at hand. ,     ■
On October 1, 1914, it is declared,
Abraham.. Isaac, Jacob and a, host of
old Jewish prophets, • extending from
the time of Abraham down to .'and Including John the Baptist, 'will appear
in1 person in' Jerusalem, where they
will live for one thousand y'ea'rB or so,'
or, perhaps .forever. "
The "International Bible Students"
is the name which the members of
this sect call themselves. \-
The leader  of,-the  movement-   In
■ ' .a
al men, street'car. motormen and conductors, business men> and others of
those classes. .   .
"Pure Biblical teaching every word
of it," says Gillespie, "AU you have to
do to see "that these things. are conning Is to read'the Bible intelligently.
There was the old world, which began
with, Eden, and ended, with the.flood-
Theii started the present world, and
this will ehd October 1, 1914. ' -After
that there will be the world W come."'
■ "What will Abraham, Jacob, Isaac '
and the prophets do when they come
back to earth?" was asked of Gllles-'
pie    / '.   '     y■"• V-
"vTlicy will rule as princes-of the
entire earth; '..There will-beno king;
over, them.   Or, rather they will take-
orders direct, from Jesus Christ. "Chr'si. -
will be on earth, but" only' in."'U_e'
spirit, while all the old prophets wilt
be here in person." ■ "' _
'   OneNigltt ■;, ;,.■
case used iri'this connection.      Me
Kay is hi receipt .of' a monthly sal
ary and his board,  but lie occupies
a  room for which he .pays  rent at
650 Second Street.',   The same would
apply to domestic; servants, but because, in. the great majority of cases
they do  not room  apart from  their,
place of employment, but receive the
same In lieu of so much monetary consideration   from ' their, employer.
JameB   McDonald,   brother of  tho
proprietor of the Yale Hotel, and man
proprietor of the Yalo Hotel and manager of'that hostelry, lias been excluded from tlie lists, although his lordship stated that, he had no doubt that
he might have beon Included hud he
been   willing  to  disclose  his  whole
term of contract witli'tho hotel; this,
howoyev, McDonald refused  lo do.
Tent Dwellers  Lost
Justice Beck pointed out tlmt if ho
occupied' n aulle   of   rooms"devoted
exclusively to his own private use', and
had the right lo:,lock theso up when
ho wnH nway from' the houso on a
vacation or otherwise, with tlio assurance Hint, thoy w'ould bo proserved Intact for hlin until his return, thon he
hud itho right to ho Included among
I^obq who' by tho. exercise pf tholr
minc.ilso right, have tho say-so In tho
municipal govomment of llio city of
Tho tonlerH aiid slackers have not
tlio right to bo on the list,, oxcopt In
ciisofi which nrd''thought to bo comparatively ruro. If tliey pay rent, for
tholr tPiilH to tho nwnprR thoy mny
voto, the Judge' stating that ho was
not pi.i|)iir._i1 lo Hiiy Hint a tout, was
not a habitation', If, though, thoy
only pay ronl for tho m'ounil,' and
thon go uiioinl niitl erect (hn oiinvns nt
lliolr own cost, thoy nro dlBfrnnohlB-
oil, Howovor, Bhould lliey havo n
loiiHn on lho ground thoy should go
to lho iiHHosHor nnd domnnd to bo jib-
bohhoiI a» liMBncB,'tills giving thorn tho
right tn IndiiRlon upon tlio llstfl.
Mr. PaulGilmorc
working on,the road from Union Bay-
to Cumberland," the stationery engineers,-the Italians and the Chinese
to sign' an agreement to work for two
years at ithe same rate of wages and
under the same conditions as prevailed before the lockout. All of whom refused to do'so but less-than oiie hundred Chinamen. "   _
"The officers of tlie Union have
done all that they possibly could to
avoid a stoppage of work, but Lt seems
that the management was determined
to force that, situation, possibly to
cover up,tlieir, own incompetency, for
It is a notorious fact that there is no
coal mining property on the Island
that has been so grossly mismanaged
and the condition of which would ovi-
dence.sucli stupid1, blundering incompetency. iTho mines are tied up completely, tlioro never haB been such a
complete tie up In the history of the
Island. Special convention la. lu session now,"'
Curtain 8.30
A Guaranteed Attraction
Carriages 10.45-
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
,   ,    .     Asalitunt General Manntfet'
General Mnnn«cr
Members of Munn Expedition Reioued
By Brltlih Party
Solo Agont for Pornlo
LONM-ON,    Oct,   R.—Althoilffli    lilt-
HUl'.'OHHflll   111   (llBCOVOrlDB     K°M     d«-
PobIIb Iii Hiil'fln Land, n. prlvato ex>
podltlon Iiub roturnod homo with tnlofl
Benmabltftmiislni.ntflrBt. glnnco, Uut|<" Hie muling of enormous (iupo»iw
linloBB tills i» dono Uiu hunum nice "f ^,ii, mul of iuvoa at iiun ^
will Inevitably nml> on u Titanic tm-
15.   W.   "WinnOWSON, -\_»ny«r snd
Chemlut, Iloi C UOi. N«Uon.    U.   C.
fh»wii.--Clol_-, Hllver, f^art or Copper,
1 piicti. OoW-HMv-ir, or Hllver-Lesd,
1.(0. Price- for other rnetftli: Coal,
eement, Klreelsy »n»lye»e on »PPllj?*'
tlon. Tnn »i»r(T'"t' e«»*»m »Mfty nttteiti
In nrltli.1 Columbia
Homo of tho promluHory uotuu In-
snort by Minister ot Lnbor Urotners,
whilo In tho West, to orgnnlzod labor,
arc frilling duo nnd no provision has
boon mado for their redemption, 1-ooVjb
ab though thoy might go to protest,
wtlH tro machinery avallablo for col*
lection.- k. p. rvnipio./t.
Tho oxpoilltloi) was originally Intended to tp»t for roW In Hftffln Lnnd.
nnd heHldcfl innlilntf tho dlflcovorkm
mentioned nbovo. tho proBpoctora ro-
toUlWJ  lid-   hiuMNOfU *n  UiM   Munn  «x-
podltlon, whoso ship was crushed lh
tho Ico flooB, Virtually ovorythlnjc
wns lost whon tlio ship wont down, tlio
'survivors only linvlni? sovon barrel* of
broad nnd two of boot whon roticuod.
Of the  1,581,966 People  In   Province
600,816 are Declared, Romnn
LOND.ON, Oct, 7,—An offoctlvo
ooiintorbliiBl to tho talk of thb "United
Volco of UlBtor" In' oppoBloni. to
Homo Rulo lias boon muilo by tho
Bovoriimo.nl hy tho moro\publlcntlon
In Who Itoolc form of Uiu lntBHt Ulster
ponulatloii BtatlBtloH, ThlH document
rocnllB" tho fnct tlmt In a population
of l.riSl.floil. UlBtor oountR 000,810 de-
elnrod CatliolloH, bolng -17.7 per cent, of
tho wholo.
UlBtor covoiV 20..1 por cent of tlio
total area of Ireland and han a population of '1,681,0110 (770802 lnftlos and
810,8114 fomnloH), or ,07, por cent loss
than It hart at lho last coiibub in 1010,
Of lho total 1180,0.7 aro hi nolfftBt
Clounty lloroiiKli, an Inci-oaw. of 37,707
ovor tho numbor In 1001.
Thn following BtiUomont shows, according lo tholr religions pormmBlon,
tho Inliabltanls of Ulster In 1011.
Ilonum Catliolli's, 000,81 tt pornonB,
43,7 por cent of total population.
ProtoBtnnt. Angllcnn,' aCfl.778 por-
boiib, J13.2 por twTit. or totnl population.
PtN.iibyitorln.1, -121,410 porRonfl, 20.0 por
cont. or total population.    Mothodlst,
-*6,i>lO     itfyl iXJLI.I,     a. t      |'H      ».-.!..     l/>      it..U
All othor denominations nnd rollBloiv
tinaBcertalned! r>2,!Mn porflons, 3.3 por
ront of totnl population. Information
fofiiBOd, U>38 porsons, 0.1 por cont of
n   l«n„nlnMnn
Total:   1,681,000 poraons,
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST; $12,500,000
This Bank offers unsurpassed facilities to those doing business
with foreign countries. It is specially equipped for the purchase and
solo of Sterling nnd other Foreign "exchange, drafts and Cable Transfers, and for thc financing of imports and exports of merchandise,
Commercial credits, Foreign.,drafts, Money Orders, Travellers
Cheques nnd Letters of Credit issued and available in all parts of the
world. ' '    ' , ■.'.'''
Collections effected promptly at reasonable rates,     • aa
.   L. A, 8. DAOK, Manager. FERN IB BRANCH
Pcuro You Marry 1
S-itenui.* nude by pitlenli (iking \h New Method Treitwent.  They know it Corel
dr No N«m»i or TM.imoi.ld. und wllliou.,wr»lUn eonwnt
Com Ni». lfl«B». Bymptomi when h«
■UH«d trentmonti—An tl,. ilnpw, Int
"iilK«(1 in iminornl linWti mvmt yoari.
VorlooM V«lni ontmih ihlef—pimp •»
on tlio fnoo, oto, Aflor two month*'
trommnni h» wilt.* «• follow*i—"Vour
wolonmo lottor In Imnrt nml nm vurr
Klnil to in/ Hint I thlnlc mynolfourmt,
My V«Tlfli«o Vein* Imvo oomi)l«t«ly <t\:
npponrfld for nuHo n wlillo nnd It »oemi
n rur*. I w°fVt linriler anil f»«l l"«i
Urttt, I Imvo no doilra for that Imblt
wlmtiivor nnd If I »Uy llko thli, whleh
I hnvo ovcry r.aion to bollovo I will.
Thanking you for your Ulnd aU.ntlon,"
oatvbd m rocynn w onh MONrit,
L. Oulturc? dc Lara In In Jflll at Uiro-
do, Mm Ico. Ilo Ib Imprisoned bo-
cftuno of 1>1» spcocli at th« Mexican
BoolAlUt ronf^renro In wfilch ht» »liow«
«d tho ovll oitiHtH of mllltari«m upon
Jiufnanlty In tho ilWfc-rent opocht of
Mr. Sldn.y Kidman, tho Quoontiland
rnltln Vlm», hnldn mrtrn lnnd thnn nny>
ono flHu In AiiHtralln, prohnWy moro
than any other Individual In tlio world,
hla ruiiH HKRronallnB nomotlilnu llko
r.0,000 mimro tnlloi, which In, ho con-
f*RM». "fnr too muoh for any one tttn
lo hnvf." '     '
"Unloss unlvorHiil otiffriiKo l» Rrant-
cd whon parliament meetn In Novom-
lior, 600,000 men will utrlko," aald
Secretary Camlllo Huyamnn of tho
International aoclullat Uuroiiu today,
"Boclallum 1« liottor oTRanlitod \n
IJelitlum tlmn anywhere o1b« In tho
world," lio continued, "and If wo aro
forced to strike, our follow HoclalUU
In othor countrloa will got a vftluable
lotion In what unltod action can do
toward existing social evils." .
rntlont No. M««. "Th« spots are all
nono from my \w nml »""P "n(1 l »eo1
good now. I nm vory amto.nl to you
and ihntl novor furnct tlio fovor your
modlolnni havo Anno for mo, You oan
uio my nnmo In rooommondlnu It to
ony iiiltoror. I nm Bolnir to not mnr-
rlort soon. Thnnlclnu you onoo moro,
mi lout Nn. HW(fc AM Sfc «mrt».
IndulKod In immorn hnltij 4 yonw. Dn-
poult ln nrlno ond rtrnlni nl nlslit.
Varlomo Volni' nn Until sJiIpi, m[n* }n
hnoli, wonli so_ninlly. Ho wr tosi-'I
rooelvod your lottor of/•««» **'• f.n.'i
baolc (ono yoar).
Trnt wonu> smuts diffemsnt.
il'ntlent No. JBM8. "I )«V" not hsfl
a rogulor IBmHilon I ilon't know whon
nnd nm f«olln« flno. Tho world Memo
nltoKoihor _«tt«..«i^ w **» *■*•• >- • •■•■■•
aod for dlrootlnu mo to you. You hnvo
boon an honost dootor with mt."
rollout Nn. 18M». This patient (nsod
OS) had a ehrnnlo oni. nf Norvous Do-
lllty ond 8.xusl Wonknois and was run
down tn visor nnd vltnllty. Aftor ono
nioniii« ir«»tni»iiii «« tmiuitf »• »«,-
lnw_it—"T om foollnu vory woll. I havo
Kulniid 14 puiimls in ono i»»«t''i*>J."'ii
I will havo tn congratulate you." I<at«r
roport i—"I am uostnnlna to fool moiro
Ubo n man. T fool my condition Is
Batting battar avory wsok." "Is lost ro.
p_)rti—"lJottr Dootnrs—As I fori this Is
tho last month'a trontmont thnt I will
havo to «ot, I thoushtot ono timol
fldanoo In you from tho start and yon
Imvo cured rao." •
feiijCVX-ION FREE. BOOKS FREE. If uuUa ta can wrlto for • Quoitta
BUA fo» rlimo traatmonf. ...        . - '
w     i^i fiimril—I" Ainolunfwmt^ailnwwtW add™.-. t» our Can-
Cm. Mlehlf u> At*, ml GritwoU St., P^roH.MItli.
--■ .lAHr-w.
"'. is-
t^iki v'
;^^Vw J>,';'^-'"'' ~: "ySS^:. -r,yk' yyyi
/. "
Deafness Cannot Be Cured■
brioctl applications, aa they cannot retell, the
.dlaeoaed portion of the ew. •• There'-ia only one
-w»j to com deafneu, and tbi. is by ."constitution.
a. remedle*. Deafoeea ls caused by an-lnflamed
- (condition of, tbe mucous lining of the Enatachian
-.Tube." Wbeothla tube Is inflamed you^haTQ a
rumbiloE «onnd or Imperfect bearing, and when
-It ia'entirely closed Doifnew la tbe'result, and
- unlet* -tbe Inflammation- can be taken out and
tbla tnbe- roatored to its - normal condition, bearing, will be'destroyed fwe.er: nine' cases out ot
ten are canned by Catarrh,- which is nothing bat
an Inflamed condition of-the mucous surfaces, ,
We will glre Ono-Hundred Dollars for any case
" of Oeafneaa .(cansed*by catarrh) that cannot oo
cured by Ball's Catarrh.Cure.   Send for.circa-
lars.'free. '?-■-" *V'   - .v -^ - ''- '- . *'i >•■' '•
. '. -■ P." J. CHSNES ft CO., .Toledo;.0. j
--Sold by Dr_f»Uta,:78e.-. y -y - '•".'■ "_.-
r'Xake.HaU'a famlr>' PUla for conatlpatloa. -
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
mi '-
fl '' -
,;v i>--
11:   .
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
. Food and every
attention ;
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings .   - ,'   ,
\       "    i \     ' ^ " c
C. J. ECESTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
EPUR 81 muove;
L. E. McDonald
. and
Express and' Delivery Wagon* a
'     8pocI__lity!
Or. de Van's Female Pills
A tellable French regulator; never falli. Those
. pills are exceedingly powerful in regulating the
generative portion of tlio fomale ayitem. Refuse
all cheap imitations. Dr. de ▼•n'a nro sold at
SR a box, or throo (or f 10. Mailed to any address.
Th* aoobell Dr n_f Co,, Bt. Catharines. Ont.
  . .  -i1
W.J. Cole
Hair. Dressing
Poor  -y'V
Billiards    '
Bowling Alley
Drop In
Eppur si "muove e verso il soclalismo! La societa -umana.jdaH'orlglne
sua, ando' sempre mutaiidosi « ancor
oggi si muta sotto i nostri occhi. Non
molto fa i re.erano qua si onnipotenti.
ora anch'escii contano poco; i-padroni
facevan treaiare i lbro:servi; bra'de-
vono discutere da pari a. pari. ■ t B'
la democratizzazione sociale che e na-
ta e cresce, e la voce della poyera
gente, prima timlda, che ora s'ingros-
sa e alle volte dlventa tuoiio nelle
cose della societa presente.
Tutto questo non eavvenuto d'un
colpo, ma gradualmente, per quel pro-
cesso che sta hell'anlma di tutte le
cose in natura e che si chlama evolu-
Anche il reBto verra per evoluzlo ne.
E questa evoluzlone, dagli sfor zi um-
ani, concedtamo, potra eBsere affret-
tata, ma giammai -arrestata. Lo societa umana e come una barca che
scende sulla corrente dl un flume. En-
tro la barca ri sono due rematori: 11
proletariato e II capltallsmo. II proletariato col remo assei-onda la corrente; il capltallsmo 1'onado dlsperato
cprato per spingere la barca a monte.
Tra questa lotta vie e la.corrente che
decide e le barca scende, scende al suo
destine Ma scende verso-il soclalismo? -  Ecco il problema.
Se per.soclalismo intendiamo de mo-
crazia industrlale ossia uguaglianza
per tutti nei diritti economic!, non vi
e dubbio l'evoluziohe della societa' si
muove verso 11 soclalismo. Cio' che
prima eravprivilegio individual e va ma-
nmano diventando privilegio pubbllco
ossia ditutti. Clo' che prima era te-
nacemente proprieta privata, tenu to
come torchiello alcollo del popolo 'per
spremere ricchezze dovette essere ab-
bandonato nelle . ma ni del popolo
per l'uso di tutti. E cio,' fu quando
divenne cosa^estremainente insopport-
abile che tali privilegi economic! restas
sero in'potere di uno o di. pochi uo"
mini. ,
■ Cosi le1 vie, i ponti, l'acqua, la luce
ecc. gradualmente, per.impellenti .ne-
ces'sila sociali, dovettero passare dallo
stato- di proprieta pubblica. • Uguali
necessita esociali ogni giorno forzano
dl questi trapassi e ne preparano altri.
In questo fenomeno evolutivo nessun
paese ecosigravido di profondl ed-im-.
dare In grazia che'sla loro permesso.di
usare le macchine e la terra!"'
II prodotto del lavoro viene poi di-
viso tra l'operaio che lo produce e il
capltalista che non fa mai nien te per
prod-trio.    _..•.- ■.   '     *
Perche la mano d'opera e sempre i_o-
vrabbondante, la competizione tra la-
voratore e lavoratore riduce il salarlo
ad un livello di fame e miseria. Con-
seguentemente iriavoratore ottlene ap-
pena abbastanza per mantenere se e la
sua famlglia tanto per non morir dl
fame. .   ,
. It capltalista prende per se tutto il
resto.. I lavoratori pero' cercano di
migliorare le loro condizloni organlz-
zandosi nelle unioni di mestiere. Essi
vogliono il plu' che possono ottenere,
essi seutono che indistlntamente hanno dirltto al tutto.
Ma se i lavoratori ottengono di piu'
1 capitalist! dovranno avere di meno,
e I capltallsti vogliono an che loro
tutto cio' che possono ottenere, senza
punto rlflettere che non banno dirltto
a nulla. Anche essi dunque sl organizzano in association! dl padroni e al-
leanze clttatline per reslstere cosl alle
domande degli operal organizzati. ' E
qui allora sl formano le schlere. I lavoratori da una parte che domandano
salarl migliori e meno ore di lavoro;
clo' necessita di dividend! piu' piccoli
per lor signori Dall'altra parte I padroni, che vogliono dividend! plu',. gran-
di; cio' necessita piccoli salarl e lun-
ghe ore di lavoro per gli operai.
Tutto cio' non sembra che possa in-
dicare che gli interessi dei padroni
slano identic! a quell! degli operai.
- La sola identita che sia mai abile a
scoprire tra capitale e lavoro'e illus-
trata dalla seguente storiella:.
•' Un ladro, una volta introdottosl nella casa di un avaro non pote per quanto cercasse, trovare il tesoro dell'ava-
ro. Cosii penso' di domandarlo all'
avaro stesso. Entrato nella stanza da
Ietto dove costui dormiva lo sveglio'
e piintandogli il- suo revolver alia, ten>
pia gli disse: Ora," amico mio, dimmi
dove hai nascosto il tuo'gruzzolo, e ri-
corda bene che e nell'interesse tuo ed
anche nel'miiTche io lo trovi.    >-
— Come'e cio'? domando' l'avaro.
— Egli e perche se nonlo trovo ris-
pose il ladro, io ti brucero' le cei-vella.
II parrone dice all'operaio: ■ Egli e
nel- tub e nel mlo interesse che io ri-
cayi profitto dalle tue fatiche perche
se io non ne-rlcavo alcun profitto-non
ti lasciOflayorare-affatto.    ■   i
'Ma l'lavoratore" non_dexa_j_s_oj.toni.e_ti
morytyczne "Der wahre Jakob" ma
380,000 prenumeratorbw 1 przynosi 52,-
74i marek czystego dochodu.
Lickzba czytelnikow- w jednym roku
wzrosla z 65,500 na-80,100.. W 574
miejscowosclach aa specyalnie komis-
ye mlodoclanyuch. W 195 \ mlejscow-
oscisch ltnieja domy da mlodocianych.
Mlou_ po kolenie robotnicze Niemiec
wychowuje sie na dzielriych szermie-
rzy socyalizmu. Blbllotekl, odczyty,
plsma, broszury i wycleczki sluza do
tego celu. W marcu b. r. wyszla ode-
zwa do - mlodziezy w 230,000 egzem-
Same wkladki przniosly 890,797 marek, w wydatkach glownie flguruja kos-
zta wyborow w kwocie 910,987 marek.
Z powodu wyborow budzet party! przed
stawia sie w tym roku znacznie ok-
Nie' trzeba chyba aodawac, ze dzis
socyalna demokracya Niemiec spoczy-
wa na takich sllnych fundamentach,
Jaklml sa: Bllna organizacya, uswiado-
mlenle koblet I mlodziezy, sllna prasa,
peine kasy I wysoki pozlom naukowy
Stosunek party! do* rzadu jest bez-
wzglednle wrogl. Rzad nie ustepuje
przed socyalna demokracya. To tez
walka tam toczy Ble nie o jakles ustep-
twa drobne, lecz o ostateczny eel socyalizmu; obbaleni kapltalizmu 1 objecle
rzadow przez proletaryat.
Congress of the French
Confederation of
.    Labor
On September 16 there opened at
Havre, France, the twelfth bi-annual
congress of the Confederation General
du Travail. Between 200 and 300
delegates ' assembled ln the salle
Franklin, representing practically
every trade and profession ln France.
Representatives were also present, It
is interesting to note, from almost
400,000 organized Government servants, Including the-militant Syndicat
of teachers, who are at present under
order of suppression,
The first day's work was chiefly
spent discussing the reports ot the
hist two years, a procedure which demonstrated with convincing explicit-
nes8 that tho C.G.T. Is making strong
headway as a fighting working class
army. The membership, which In 1904
was only 200,000, has ln eight years
more than doubled that figure. In
France, moreover, the ' actual paying
members constitute only about two-
thirds, often even less, of the revolutionary workers who can always bo
counted upon for effective action, but
who for reasons best known to the
Gallic temperament, allow their subscriptions to lapse., The C.G.T. counts
Lrlque Proposal  Made, by Yale Professor for Solving High Cost
of Living Problem
Its - reliable adherents.r: therefore,'; al
over 600,000. These are divided at\ft
the present time into 55 national syndicate's comprising 2,837 local bran-;
ches throughout industrial France. Iii.
1910 there were 57 national unions,
and 3,012 locals, but the subsequent
diminution may be more than acco-tn.-'.
ted for by the campaign of linking np.
which has been assiduously going on
in the interval. ,
The finances of the C.G.T. may be
said to be administerel on the principle of "the leas money, the more
agitation."     The French Trade Unions' distrust of big bank balances appears  characteristically  in  the  fact*
that the total receipts of the C.G.T.
during the past 24 months, the sum
of  only  $32,000  has  been disbursed
practically as fast as lt came in. The
expenses, indeed, so far exceed this
income as to cut down the cash on.
hand in 1910, $2,000, to a little oyer
1650.   Meanwhile, however, an admin-:
Istratlve system   of   the   smoothest,
local autonomy of any Trade Union.
organization In the world, as well as
the  most  adaptable and  representor-
tive central comriiittee, has carried on
a period of ceaseles and extraordln-.
urlly effective agitation.    From June,
1910, to June,   1912, the, C.G.T. has
been Involved   in   2,340   strikes,   of
.which 335 have been  complete victories for the men, 900 have been substantially partial victories,   897   have
lost, and the remainder have resulted
Moals that tasto liko
mpthor uflod to oook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor.
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
1 ***
nunkhoad  F. Wheatloy, Bankhead, Alta.
Lwa.vi Clew....... u, Kuuip, louver creek, via Pincher
flrl1c>v.ip  J. Burke, Bcliovuv, Fr&uk, AUn.
Blairmoro......... W. I* Evans, Lille, A1U.
Durmls  3. Magdall, Passburg, Alt*.
Carbondalo.. J. Mltcholl, Carbondalo, Coloman, AUa,
Canmoro .......... N. D. Thoohult, Cnnmoro, Alta.
Co. .a.*.   .V. v_rntit.ni. Cute-nan, Altn.
Corbln .,..'    W. Dalllng, Corbln, B.C.
Chinook Mlnoa .... 3, Sontonl, Chinook Mlnos, Altn.
Diamond City,.... Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
Fornlo Tboi. Uphill, Fornlo, D, U.
Frank,... Evan Morgan, Frank, Alta.
.Hosmor W. naldora ron*. T.nnmor, H, O.
Hlllcroit.. ,.,   Goorgo D nmborougli, HUlcrost, Alta,
T^thbrMfffl  T/. -Mnoro,     M, 8l»:twmth Bt, North iMhhriAgfi.
Ltftlibrldgo Colliorlea Frank Ba rlnghain, see, via., Kipp, Alta.
Llllo • W, L. Kvoni. Llllo, Frank, Alta
Maplo Lost  J. Mogdall, Panburi, Alta.
M lc bol.. •. M. Durroll, Mlohol, B, C.
IMMburit  A. S-uaktr, Pwsburg. Alt*.
noyal Vlow ..!'.... (Wo. Jordan, noyal Colllorloa, I.othbrI_f).», AH*.
Tabor............. A. Fattoroon, Tabor, Alta.
Tabor  Wm. Forsyth. Taher, AUa.
minentlcambiamenti' quanto gll. Stati
Uniti d'America. Quivl in quas tutte
Ie hdustrie si e arrivati a quel limite
esteremo n cui 1'espropriazione , del
capitalist dlventa una necessita. sociale. °Per esempio, il 95 per cento
della came' e in mano forse dl "dieci
omlnln. Costoro flssano il prezzo del
bestlame quando compranb dall'agrlcol-
tore' e flssano il prezzo della came
quando vendono al pubblicb. Essi'
sono In mezzo con una ma no' alia
strozza del consumatore e coll'altra
alia strozza dell'agrlcoUo. e e Insaccaiio
milioni. II slgnorotto del medio evo
che metteva una tassa' per il passag-
glo su di una stradci o su di un ponte
o per 1'attingere acqua ad una fontana.
faceva certo opera aseai meno antisocial. Eppuro II popolo insorse e lo
spogllo' dl quel privilegi. Data l'ait-
tuale sltuazione deU'lndustrla carni-
era, quanto potra ancora attondere 11
popolo amerlcano per spogllaro l bar*
onl della came del loro autlsociale privilegio di monopollo? »
L'lnduatria dely carbone del petrollo,
del forro, della lana, dello zucchero,
dol tobacco sono nello Idontlche condizloni, U trust dol forro conaollda-
tosl una qulndlolna dl anni fa con un
roale valore dl proprlota dl $250,000,-
000 omano'azlonl por $1,400,000,000 e
mon tro .allora ogni azlono valova 88
ora valo dft $70 a $00 favoloao capitale
estorto dal popolo degli Stati Uniti mo*
dlante II brigantaggio dol monopollo,
Lo condizloni dl quosto lndustria
sono tal che la espropriazlono non puo'
osMre lontana. Bono quooto atoaiw
condition! inoopportablU che produ*
cono 1 sovverslvi e 1'lrroqulotudne po*
pokro; coao oho 1 cleohl olomentl roa*
ilonari proolamtno ossoro causaU. od
Incltato da not 8oolallatl.
La corronto «vx>|utlva porta la baroa
soolalo al auo doatlno, Nol loclallatl
non facclamo obo destare la eoscloma
dl classo del prolot rlato por oduoarlb
od olovarlo o propararlo flU'alta fun*
slono aoolalo obo I'aspotta o cho sara
Im gastlono gonoralo di tutto lo Indus,
trio dol mondo, Nol non abblamo la
vana Ingonulta dl crodorcl I croatori
dol movlmonto aovve^tlvo. Vi soao
bon altro forzo cho lavorano por nol.
Porto Inaopprlmlblll.nnohro quando sl
Imprlglonano o al fuollano i soclalUtl
A centlnaln. sono lo forzo ovolutvo della socotA olio ci trnsportnno tutti vorao
II 8ociallimo,—LA Parolu dol Soclalls*
t_. '
tersi. • . I capitalisti parlano in, modo
cqsiarrogante • agli operai soltanto
perche essi hanno in loro possessione
la terra e le macchine. Questi signori pero' rimangono in possessione
della macchine e della terra per virtu'
del lorocontrollo del governo per mezzo dei partiti Democratico e Repub-
Mal lavoratori possono essi control-
lare il governo se lo deshlerano. Essi
hanno il voto. Essi hannp anche un
partito politico proprio, il quale e, com-
pletamente controllato da lavoratori e
si chlama II Socialist Party.
Sta dunque agll operai, a quell! che
lavorano, dl mandaro questo partito nl
potere e a mezzo di esso prendere pos-
sesso delle macchine e della terra, e
da qui In avantl godersl 11 prodotto, i
fruttl del proprio lavoro,'senza essere
obbllgatl dl epartlre con fnnnullonl e
paraasltl.—Ralph Krongold (Trad, di
A Ouastaferri.)
BOSTON, Mass., Oct 7 -An international conference to consider a remedy for the increasing cost of living
was advocated before the International Chamber of Commerce today by
Professor Irving Fisher, of Yale University. Prof." Fisher suggested that
the weight of the gold dollar should be
increased enough to restore some of
its lost purchasing power.
A revision of letter postage rates
and other postal reforms were favored
by the congress.    The convention adopted <a report on the subject presented by Dr. Alfred Georg, of Geneva,
Switzerland, and voted  to have the
permanent committee bring the matter to. the attention of the next conference .of the Universal Postal Union at Madrid'in May, 1913.
.  Several   delegates, . including  Hugo
Manes, of Berlin; Bernard J. Shonlger
of -Paris;'"A.   Barton   Kent,  of  London, and Eduardo Augusti, of Barcelona, who discussed the report agreed
in~the"^main*"winn3rr*Georg.     ~
''The congress passed a resolution favoring uniformity of consular invoices
and limiting consular fees to the cost
of the consular service.     The cost of
living will continue upward and not
go downward for several years, was
one of the opinions expressed by Pro-'
feasor Fisher-st the conclusion of his
The recommendation of' Professor
Flslier regarding a conference on tho
high cost of living was adopted.
A resolution favoring international
arbitration was passed. The resolution which was presented by President
Louis Canon Legrand was as follows:
"The congress affirms the desire to
see convened as soon ns possible a
number of official international congresses, assuring between nations the
existence of arbltnl judicial arbitration In the widest sense of the term
and such ab may fissure an equitable
8olut,lon-of all international controversies, either between private pooplo
or of different nations, or between
"Resolved, that this congress agrees
to the principle of combination of nations when and whero posslblo to endeavor to provont tbo atrocltloB of
WHEREAS five years atfo the word Zam-Buk
was unknown in Canada, and Zam-Bak is to-day
admitted to be the finest cure for skin injuries
and diseases;
AND WHEREAS it has been represented to
us that there are still some good Canadians, and
even some mothers and heads of families who
have not yet tried this great balm, we hereby
offer a'REWARD of one free trial box of
Zam-Buk to every person who has not yet tried
this wonderful balm;
PROVIDED they send by mail to us this
proclamation together with one-cent stamp to
pay return postage of such box;
address such  application  to
that   they
offices at
Given under our hand this day.
Sono gll Intorcssl dol capllulUta o
quolU dol lavoratoro.ldontlcl7
Nu vitmufo,
Por I lavoratori fanno blsogno la
torra o lo mncchlno. I lavoratori focoro
lo, mncchlno o coltlvarono ln term, ma
oggi orb! non poasoggono no In terra
no lo macobino.
Montro la fll(i.«<io op«rnla hn fnlfo
tutti i lavorl del mondo, nlcunl pnrn»-
uiu r)u» iwi-mnno ro\ (ftolo dl gcntlluo,
mini, a meuo dl trticclil o tru.fo, cor-
ruzlono o spoculazlono, sono rlundtl nd
Impossorraral del tutto.
Cosl avvlene cho par pnter )..vornn<
o produrro I mottl dt •os'slttr'nrn jw
loro <* lo loro fnmlffll* f pmvrl op"rnf
sono obbllgatl dl andaro d» questi K<m*
tlluomlnl dot tl capltallsti « domtrn-
4,250,320 wyborcow, 1,478,042 pro
numoratorow, 070,112 czlonkow, 7693
radnych wieiakich, 2537 radnych mlo-
Jsk.cl), ,'24 ,pobtow ictlmowych, 110
poslov do parlamon tu, kknnlkow,
9t'> w 1.1 ku cyfrach ufcty ogrom so-
cyalnoj domokraojrl Nlomlo., ktora
wlnsnlo wydala sprawozdanio paityjne
na ItougroB, majacy slo odbyo tvo wrro-
Trrocln cmso ludnosol ropressoncow-
ana prtex 4,260,320 wyborco-v oswlad-
ctyla alo ta socya}|ataml I wybrala do
parlamontu 110 poslow, Od roku 1007
idobyln partya bllsko mlllon rIohow.
W aojnnch pnnstw nlotaleoklch i wy.
Jatklem ploclu, anslada 224 poilnw,
W so. mlo kslostwo, aoliwnnburi.-
Rudloitadt tdobyli aooyallscl 10 Unto-
pada i, r. wlekatoao, a mlanowiolo 0
mnndatow na 17 I wy brail swojo pro-
sydyiim. Dnla 4 marca b, r. rozwlu-
xano sojra. On. 7 ciorwoa b. r odbyly
slo nowo wybory, ktoro inowu wprow-
add ly do aejmu wtokstosc socynllsty-
c»!iia, i-.lozona i 0 poslow, Kslnzo bo-
dale muslnl slo pmyzwycrulc do wlokH-
Koscl socyaltfttycziM-J.
Llczba czlonkow party) wsronln od
roku zosxlogo r, 830,602 na 070,112, w
(em liaM /.oruntiUowaiiych robomUt z
10T,6fK{ na 130,371 wzrosla toz II<v/.Ij._
dilcnnikow r. 82 na 8C, llcxbft prcnumc-
rntorow o 171,677!
Knzdy robotnik nlomlockl niusl mice
w ui.ii.1 ««//_!-<( pitriyjnti. Nn t-zolo X*.
dzlonnlkow kroozy centrnlny orgnn
pnrtyjny ..Vorwartt" t 106,000 pronn-
morntorpw I t czystyrh doohortom 307,
:!18,200 marok. Dzlonnlkl pnrtyjno
wyohodza przowaznlo wo wlasnycli dm-
knrnlnrh, kloryrh J*»». .10. TyUo S
dslonnikow druktijo slo w prywatnydi
nilrnrnlnrh. IM^hody prnoy nooalliit
yesnej wynonlly z pronumoraty «_*.«»,-
834 marok. * Inscrntow 0,8.10.400 mn-
rok,      Itobotnlk    ntemlorki
Exhibit of  Amsrlean Podaratlon for
8m Hyglan* st Washington
Croatsa Widespread
Tho offlcoro of tho American Fod-
oration of Sox Hyglono, with bond-
quarters at 105 Wost 40th Stroot, woro
vory woll ploasod yostorday with tho
wldosprond attention and favorablo
rommont whlcli thoir oxhlblt on Box
Hyglono and l.iiBonelos. nt tho Intor*
national Congren on Hyxlono nnd I)o>
mography, at Washington, hns attract,
Tho fodorntlon, of whlrh Dr I'rlnco
A. Morrow, of this city, who Is a vory
woll known sexologist. Is tlm prosldont, has unodrtakon tho highly com*
mondablo work of spreading onllgbt*
mont on mattors which concorn tho
nnxuul honlth of tho pooplu,
Ait organlzivtlon with such a pur-
poio must noocosntily havo tho oour>
nun to d«tfv Ponvr»ntlnnnlliv niwt tlm
Amorclnn Podorutlou for Hox Hy-
(dono proolHlms ns ono of Its prln-
i:|piil tunots Unit It hiiihIh for "tho
education of young |>ito|il.) In lho
physiology and hyglono of h«x, through
tlm Introduction of box tcnrlilmc In
Hc.ionln nnd rolkgofi, iih n necoKNury
nnd IntOKrnl part of n rntlounl ndu-
Tho fodorntlon lins nlno sot Hwlf
tlio tiuk of studying tho fiiiidiimoiitnl
ciniHcs of prostitution nnd tlio soclnl
cnl ivonomk condittonA of v.It'.i 1> ll
Ih iho outgrowth, in ordor lo apply
fuiul.imuiUI cuutu.it," ~ l..xi h-»iiR«'.
Be sure to gmit'd against the ills of August
woathor. Thoy, como frequontly with chango
of food, air and drinking water, causing dread
summer complaint.
Dr. Fowler's Wild Strawberry
Ls a voritablo lifo savor. Ileliovos colic pains,
stops diarrhoea and quiets abdominal pains.
A popular and oftbetivo  remedy.
35 cents the bottle
Bleasdell's Drug Store
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
■ I the    a*
cMtmrn I Oo*
•'Who. do you propos- to sny on iho [ WMiliiiiw on deposit
dnhrro stump." j
aroiumlnl, zo robotnik box prnsy, to 'I think I'll atlck to tlio Anwrlrni. j JJeatJ
tak Jak wlnlorx tw^, karablnu. .'u* "*g and tho KT*nd old Jon'f.ii.i<>r.. of, |^«srA
p» wv«lnnlu npnwnxitiitiin purryln*"*'! 'f'i" fpuMI**. Thlniis ui\ tin., ml.<:d, mc"
lirsystopiij-i towar/>sxe nlamlorry do ; In my district this y*ar."-'Knn*s" <'lty
«nlo7.oti(tt 87-go (l7.ltmlkn,     Plsmo \w (.lowrnal.
Mnny HnviiiKH A«'i'(iimli. arc opi'iit'd with llw Mimkn l>y pnrwrnK
wlio ui'i! sotliiii. iihi'iU) Hiunll ii^iHiiiulH, from lime in tinus lo mnko pro-
virion for Hit' pn.viiu'tit of n life iuNiirmifi* pivmiiim; iliHcliiirfiti ii inort-
, ^.l^(• nr iim-t M)iiii< Nimiliir (iltliKiiti'Hi,     Tlii'M- .short lime HuvintfH
i Aci'OiiritK nre rcndily ncci'ptiililc Ik llii' Holm' Hunk, nnd full rorii-
' pound inlcrcsl is piijd kIiu'ihk lln- nmud jxtitnl   that   tlio   itioimy
Branches snd conntct-oaa
rhroughout Ciuuuk
J. T, Mncdo-inl.l, Mnnngor, Fornlo.
'?!'.-   1'-:l" .-<w-^-"_.'. '-^ "'.""■ ■"'   ■-'• T■ _«- ""-.'atf. ,\-y *">?_'" \'?> I."".' -i"5? "y*5 v'f'J?'..   '."-_'..,     -."-"*»*--;■   ""'*-,.-'<% y-J-■*
-■7 ,»ti
.^W7V^:. *;:-^
■r ;■. y,:v
1 ---'-■:■■'■ :^V:™:
.y _t.-,'V ~ ■
" '"" '",*■£■*' V*^"
, y 7 ^v.
A* 1
- J *Vy> ' ' * '     *
._ .-*,
. ■ -V r.*»W
if*.., j
.. ot C.
.?,.y;. £*_lifi ■_■_ if^'-
Ladies' Wear
Sweater Coats
' Saturday Only
$5.00 Values at $4.00
A Dollar saved upon an article used by everyone. We offer these goods of All Wool, positively
Hand Knit, close weave; solid colors, of several
shades or trimmings of different colors. Styles
are very attractive; be sure to secure one.
Turkish Towels
Special lot, 54 inches by 27 inches; should be 75c.
each.   Special at 65c. ,    ,   .
Ladies   Gloves
The approaching winter weather demands warm
clothing for the entire body but particular care
must be given the hands. Our Gloves are bought
with careful attention to both style and warmth,.
and to induce you to investigate we offeV Lisle,-
Swede Finish Gloves of all values at .25, .35, and
.50 per pair.
Ladies' Suits and Coats
Visit our Rcady-^o-Wcar .Department and look
over our newly arrived goods. No' matter how
little or how much.you-have to spend it may-be
accomplished with perfect satisfaction. The popular goods this year will be Fancy Tweeds, Velvets,.
Whipcords and Serges. "We have tliem all in the
best designs.     Be sure to see them.,
Prices are particularly low
Childrens Toques
Slake the little ones look attractive. THese To- ,
ques are pretty tasteful and the price low, though -
qualityis good.
>n ' 35c. Value, Special  25
65c. Value, Special   .50  -
: ,i
Special Display   of Fdll%Quercpafe
Raincots in our Window.    See it and Buy
, TT A TP; Fine Fnglish Fur Felt. The best moderate priced,Hat made.
Xtt<*± «* O Guaranteed to stand bad weather and hold their shape. Variety
of shapes in smooth and scratch-up Finish. John By Stetson American Hats.
This firm is the best in the United States and are noted for High Quality Goods.
English Wool Hats. These have the appearance of the better goods; and you
can save money and still be in style by buying one.
C* TTf) ZTC1 It would be impossible to imagine a more complete stock of.
OI2L/ILVO Shoes than can be. found in this department.    YOU   MUST
HAVE SHOES. Bad weather and poor footwear are     T% TTT) n C23 C
poor companions. Be well1 prepared.     See-our lines!   _£V\J HHJUXx. l3
House Furnishings
Draperies      Carpets      Furniture
Ranges Stoves
'...I-, -    - ~ -
Gfqcery Depc^m^l^
:, i-.ti-^"-y~yA;■--'•
c' . ■' 'sxx.x Xy \ yy--yy ;ysy-
We are expecting a; carload of; the weU-known;\ ?I
' - - -    l     -,'-.-   -.- . '     •    - i    .   i  _   ' -4
Nova Scotia Gruyenstine Apples' early, next week. /-.•
Be'sure to call and leave your order.', ,. .-"• \ .   ",'!*• y
t i   ;   , '
, Fancy Jonathan Apples per box  2.00
i     v          '■'••'        '           'y   • 7.    '.'._
Tuxedo• Baking PoAvder, 16 pz ,....
w- ■-■„■■
2 iii\l Black,, 3 tins ',.'.••l... ..- • .,-.-
Fresh Government Creamery Butter ....
Rival Wheat Flakes, 5 lb. ,pkg. with china
y y
.15 v
Canada First Condensed Milk, 2.tins
, Cowan's Cocoa, ^ lb. tin	
'^Lowney's Baking Chocolate, y^ .....
Lombard Plums, 2 lb. tins,' 2 for .". -.
Fresh Cranberries, per lb.'..... r....
^ Fresh Finnan ^Haddie, per lb. ' :,....... . .15 t
Robin Hood- Flour,'. 98V.. *_...'...!. :..,-. .$3.66-
Lamp Glasses, A and B-sizes, "3 for .'.'..•   .25    ,
■ i        tl -- "...
Pendry's Lye, 3 tins ...._._..., :     .25
SAvift''s .Crystal Lard 5 lb. tins .........'.'... '".85 -
Sherriffs Marmalade, 5 lb. tins ..'... .l.....    .60
■Banquet Bacon, per lb     .23
i. *»  "...
Shield Ham per lb : ,..'. .*•- .23
-    Okanogan Wealthies, unwrapped, per box . .$1.40
'. Baby's, Own Toilet Soap, per box '........':.    .30
L   Queen Quality Raspberry Vinegar, pints ".. _. - .25
Parsnips, 10 lbs.  .-..=• ,..- '.....    .25
■ Wl are requested to state that the
ball to be given by the Ladles' Guild
ou Hallowe'en is not to be a masquerade one.
C. M. Chappel, of The Missouri Girl
Company, is now in the coop on a
charge of assault.
The rooms formerly known as the
Workmen's Club is now-- thrown open
to tho members of Gladstone Local
Union. All members avo invited to
partake of the benefits of tho librnry,
billiard room, otc.
Thomas G, Harries and Mnurlco
Jlurroll, of Michel, attended the District Executive Hoard meeting, at
Primi-, on Tuesday last,
The first official climb of tho Pernio
Alpine Club will take placo on_Sunday,
Oct, 12, If flno, Those wishing io go
with the party will please advlao the
Sbcretary, Ilox 503,
A meeting of the Board of District
18 was held at Frank on Tuesday and
Wednesday last, those present being
President C. Stubbs, Vice-President
J. O. Jones, Secretary-Treasurer A. J.
Carter, Board Member J, W. Gray, D.
H. Hyslop, Louis Moore, N. D. Tha-
chuk; also I. B, M. Thos. G. Harries,
.1 Lackey, and Carl Theodorovltch.
The most Important matters before
the board for consideration was that
referring to the attitude of the C. N.
r. Coal Co. regarding matters in dispute which havo boon long ponding,
and a lengthy roport of the decision
of tho Board will bo found olsewhore
Ir llil." Issue.
C. N. P. Coal Co.      ■'*
Ignores Agreement
% (Continued from Papfe 1)-
Tho Fraternal Order of Eagles, of
M'lchol, will hold a danco and Hiipper
on Monday night, October 21st, nnd
lt this dnnco Is a success,.hoy intend
to run a dance once a month.
A mass meeting of Gladstone Local
Union will tako placo in tho Grand
Theatre at 2,30 p.m. sharp, Sunday,
Octobor 111, whon tho quostlon of
opening a sick and accident fund,; and
othor Important mattori. will bo discussed. .
Knox I'luabjlcrlan Church services
for Sunday next: Morning, mibjoet,
"Ambitions Roall/.od," Evoning subject,, "Worship nnd Olinraclor." ltov.
A. S. Tod, I-.I... will preach nt both
Dr. Coi-Rnn litis inndo a handsome
don nt Ion of 2(1 volume., of tlio llilli
Century I_neyelopo.>dla of Informntlon
to tlio niadntono Local Union to lm
placad In tholr library.
' C. M, O'prlcn, Socialist, member
Uiu Rocky Mountain  Division  In
Alberta Loglslnturo   will   delivor
nddr.HS  In   tho  Grand   Thontro
Sunday, evoning at 7,!I0 o'clock.
A meeting of nil I, C. 8. Htudonts
will ho hold In tho I. C, S, office on
Frldny; evening, Octobor 11 th, 1012.
For tho purpose of formulating plans
regarding a noclnl gat boring of I, C, S.
HlndontH nud tholr friends, to ha held
Octobor JIOlli, 1012, Como ono; como
nil. ' Al 7.II0 prompt. T. Mnrtln nnd
T, Griffith!, loenl roprosontatlvoa,
__**___■__» mv   *■*.   i_.     «• vwh i.   <w        mm iw  mt m "m? W
Mine Workers of Diet. 18
The Initiation Fee for the month of October is $2.50 In the future the regular fee will
be charged.
Exhibit "H"
Fernie, B.C., September 26th, 1912
Mr. Clement Stubbs, President District 18, 'U, M;
W.,ofA,, Bellevue, Alta,: .
. .Dear Sir,—Your communication of tho 28rd inst,
received. Replying thereto I beff to express my
utter surprise at your persistent effort to contro-
vert the meaning of the Agreement mado between
District 18 of the United Mine Workers of America
and .tho Western Coal, Operators' Association,
November 17th, 1911. '
To this Agreement' 6u'r Company contributed;
;you also took an active part in finally bringing
about a gonoral wage settlement between the two
Associations. Tho Contract prices arrived at for
this Company's mines aro stated in the Agreomont
to bo as follows:
Miohol Colliery
No, 3 Mino
Mining rato 57% oents por gross ton, Yardage Levels and Parallels, $1.75 per lineal yard,
Cross-outs botweon Lovols, $1,75 por lineal yard,
Room OroBs-outs, no traoks, 50 oonts por lineal
New No. 3 Mine   ■
Bamo prlco as No, 3 Mine shown abovo,
YuU will Ot-ici'V'c IiU.il lho luivguii-tt 111...   iWu
is no mention in this contraot scale for paying yard,
ago on rooms,
On page No, 1 of tho Agroom&nt referring to tho
Ml ** *t #>• i»M ft ** n fl tl 4       AT      MllMft        1-1* <\       JnifCn       _■_ I ** •• fl f*      Ml rt      1« i » .
iMuiVi_*(j,v4.4*v*fcw   v*   uUh^   (fUv   vubuati   ^mwCm   «>uw   Uiuii*
agomont of mino and tho direction of working
forces exclusively in tho company's hands, which
implies that tho Company has tho right to organ-
iso such methods of working as thoy may doom ox-
pediont for the safo and propor conduct of tho operations so long as they pay the prices herein get
forth for rooms, or wide places, and what is term.
od narrow work or levels driven for permanent
roadways. Theso conditions havo boon fully com.
pliod with, undor the terms of the Agreement, by
our Company.
^e-contention for yardage'you are urging is
purely room work, or wide work places, which we
collider, an attempt to destroy or abrogate the
price conditions of the. Agreement subscribed to
byVourself after long weeks of contention, which
implies that you ask us to consent or become a
contributory party to the annulment of the terms
ahd'prices set forth in the Agreement, which we
cannot do.
For the purpose, of giving you more light on the
subject I will offer the following annotations,, No.
3 Mine, Michel is and has been paying the highest
average cost per ton on yardage of any of the mines
in the District.' I might further- say that our employees in New No, 3 Mine, under the .present sys-,
torn of working, are making the highest average
wages that have ever been made at the Company's
In view of the whole circumstances we are at a
loss to understand why this organization should be
singled out and askod to pay narrow work yardage
prices for rooms or wide, places other than that
specified in tho Agrooment and designated by engineering plans of mine, Thoro would bo just as
muoh consistency in this company,asking th,eir employees to drive narrow slopes and heading levels
without yardage,, Whilo wo aro anxious to do all
wo can for the interests, comfort and wolfaro of
all the employees that earn thoir living at this1
work, wo do not oxpect to. havo unjust and impossible, conditions, forced upon us,   .
This continued agitation, X may say, is retarding
tho growth and inorease of employment at Miohel;
for if suoh is to bo the continuod polioy thore is going to bo little oncouragomont for tho full restoration of a groater progrosslvo polioy in tho camp,
I'gather from your letter that you intend to stimulate furthor agitation on tho subjeot. I rogrot this,
for, if such is dono, a legal aspect may eventually
arise out of tho annulment or violation of the con-,
tract Agreement that will reflect upon yourself
nm. tin* nr<rntn\7.ttt\nrt nnriimttlyr
Our claim In that thore in tit. dtapute on the im-
pliod torms ombodlcd in tho Agrooment; purely an
effort on the part of someone to force this,Company to pay yard work for wido places, something
that in not mentioned in the Aprreement,
I hopo, theroforo, Mr. Stubbs, you will take,the
just or broader view of tho situation and see that
the Agreement is not infringod upon or violated,
and that, at least, reasonable justice, is done this
Company by your organisation and self. You cannot afford to participate in wago contract arrango-
metits on whtfth large communities are dependent
and then oarolessly soo your own prestige and
honor violated by innovations irrevalent to the obligations taken.
Yours truly,
(Bi/rned) W. R. WILSON,
General Manager.
Pernio No. 31, Knights of Pythias,
have entered upon a period of renewed activity and on Tuesday the 8th
Inst, three neophytes made their first
step1 Into the mysteries of the order,
and In addition thereto It ls expected
that thero will be a class of about ten
In the, near futuro to take tho third
or chlvaliic rank, as tliere are quite a
number undor consideration. Visitors aro always cordially welcome.
Placo of meeting -In tho Pythian Hnll
on Victoria Avenuo every Tuesday.
A mcotlnK of'the Olty Council waa
hold on Thursday evening last,
Fire Chief McDougall wns granted
Jfavo of absence. . •__. Wilkes bolnir
appjlntod Acting-Chief-.
THE 1818
Tho vaudoylllo attractions In conjunction with first clnss selections of
pictures nre making this .thontro tho
popular evening resort of lli'o people
ot Pernio.
On Monday, Tuosday nnd \Vodnos-
dny noxt Myrllo'AInrld will appear
hero In a singing specialty and Sguth-
wick nnd Dnrr, the World's Champion
Hnj. Punching Tonm, nro featuring
'Tho Mimical nags,"
Thursday, Frldny nnd ftatunlay tho
Acrobntlc Jumping ComlquoB~-.Incob
nnd Surdol, Hhoulil provo nn Intorris.-
lng nit motion,
* <i ..^-v     l
, (Communicated)y
A day never to be fqrgotten in the"
hlBtory'of Knox Church was last Wednesday, when a host' of ^mothers and
their dear, wee tots,,from all parts of
the city, met in the basement of the
church to celebrate tljelr first Cradle
Roll reception. MlsBBhota Todd gladdened the .hearts of all by her sweet
piano selections. • .We want all mothers and their babiesrto remember, to
moet from 3 to 5 o'clock p.m., on the
first Wednesday of every month ln
the ' basement of' Knox Church, and
we shall have just as good n tlmo as
w« had last Wednesday. Wo shnll
look for all -who could not bo pro-
pent Inst dny. Miss Ithetn Todd'and
tho Deaconess, and othors will bo
lliorp and do all ln tholr power to
mako you happy,
In a ton-round bputat Calgary bo.
twoon Chniioy Carver and Al.'aroon*
wood, tho latter got the vordlct on
At..Lothbridgo Colllorlos, Limited,
Klpp, Alborta, Mnchlno Mon Shootors
nnd Loadors,    Apply at Mlnos,
■ Mr. Paul Gllmoro In "The Havoc," a
piny by II. S. Sheldon which ran nil
last Bonson In Now York, will ho tho
engagement at tho Grand Theatre on
Woilnosdny, Octobor 10,
; This strong drama lias giilnoil os-
p'oclnl distinction bocnuso of. thb fnct
that It presents a now treatment of
tho "triangle" problom. Its very tltlo
U duo to Its uncompi'omtBlng rovoln-
tlon of "The Havoc" Hint remains
when tho flames of a guilty padslon
hnvo burned nwny, 'Prom the wreck
of domostlc happiness tliuii created
tlioro oniorgos n central flguro of tho
HlncoroBt strength, tho husband of tho
Btohy's faltliloBH, wjfo, ami tlio daring
novelty "of an olil thomo's'now linndl-
Itig Ir found In this liuolinnd's notion
whon ho discovers that IiIb wlfo lum
a lover and Instantly adopts, u iiiouiih
or punishment far moro offoctlvo than
nn appoal to "tho unwritten lnw.". Mr
Paul Gllmoro gives n. powerful portrayal of thl. rolo of Ulcliard Craig,
tho wronged husband, and Is supported by players specially chosen for
high artistic quality,
Members of Fernie Local
WorMig buttons will he given to all members next Pay Day, and every member is re-
quested to wear the same,
- H
V.,.     i>;


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