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The District Ledger Feb 25, 1911

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Array * ~~ ' '* ?2  ^"   •J"^    "**f-t**K---^s—- *S _______   !___
/■■' ■'--V*tjyyy-:\-'-
. Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
<nqy
-y , -■■
Political Unity is Victory
Voi;,yi.;No;^,<V^.,
-■_.'*>.-
■*_•>•
..." THE; DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE,  B.C./FEBRUARY 25, 1911.
$1.00 A YEAR.
ICHEL MINERS REFUSE TO W0RK---W0 ARE OUT
TOO MUCH GAS-BIG RISK TAKEN BY WORKING
ILL HEALTH
TO MAKE A TOUR--WHO WILL FSLL VACANCY
SITUATION AT MICHEL
•* In .consequence of what they, deemed insufficient ventilation the miners
employed in mines No', 2, 3, and 4 at
. Michel are idle" and intend to remain
so until- they existing'.state of* alfalrs
is remedied. .-'Their contention is that
there are not enough" fanmen omployed
to attend properly to the fans whereby
the air-is supplied. This is not a
.strike but simply'a suspension because
of a determination not to jeopardize
their lives by workings under, condl-,
tions referred to.' ' Owing to the refusal of the local superintendent to
tak^e up the matter word was phoned
down to the Convention, and a telegram was sent' advising the men not
affected, to continue at work; and on
Thursday Secry., Carter, and Vice-
President Stubbs were instructed to
proceed to'Michel, but'! we're .detained
at Cowley by a snowstorm and'did not
reach" Michel until Friday. .7 A_ the
time of going to*press we haye.no additional news to hand.-, y 7 . • -'*-
■ This ' suspension 'Affects'- over,' 400
men.   .       '"
OPENS  UP' AT HOSMER
1 Mr. Steve Lawson," who has had wide
" experience in the' butchering business,
.both in,the old-country and along the
Crow's Nest Pass has opened a shop
at Hosmer under the firm name of the
Hosmer Meat,Market Co., and expects
by strict attention to, the needs of his
patrons and fair dealing generally to
obtain a goodly portion of the patronage of the people of our nearby city."
DIED
■"*■—■"Feb7"lS?=;Ioo~ijefe"VTe*Tvho"'uied""as"*a."
result of injuries, received' while at
work for the .Baker, Lumber Co., .Waldo. ■■ _Will be buried at 9;o'clock Saturday from the undertaking parlors of
Thomson and Morrison. Services will
be .held, at the Catholic Church. •••*'.
- Feb.. 21.—Juliette, \ daughter of .Mr.
nnd Mrs. G,. Segl'.n. nge'l year and
10 "month's.;'' Father' Mlchels, O.M.I..
conducted the funeral services. *'
A  JOLLY  GATHERING
The, Esther Rebekah Box • Social
held on Thursday night at the K. P.
Hall.was attended by a large crowd
and everything wont off in splendid
•\sluipe. The auctlonoor was'Doctor
Wriglesworth and ho certainly filled
tho chair In a, highly creditable and
complete manner. /
Tho boxes woro spiritedly contested
for tho highost Individual ono fetching
$.715., Financially and socially it was
a complete success.
LUSTFEST
CASE UP
One of the Accused is
Committed for Trial-
Set for Monday
To KniHp ii nottlo with ilmorouH
Imml ta tlio nemo ot stupidity.
WlBilom In a vlrtuo whoronu lack ot
knowledge mny not only cnuao lho
bolnvyiil of .iinoconi- hul Inloimlfy
Kh downfnll,,
Sllonco on n subject mny thwart tho
objoct nought nnd propagate tlio
wronRH H nooks In hide,
Mnny nro tho obHorvutlnitH wo lmvo
honrd durln/? tho pant wook roptnnlltiR
tho advisability of hiiBliJn,. up tho do-
tnlln of tho rcvoltlnf* dli*eloHurcn tlmt
nro tho principal topluaof convoraa-
tion todny. Wo ngroo tlmt tho ro-
prodiicllon of llio dotnllH would roi-vo
no UHoful purpoHo, but do llkowlHO
contend thnt a conspiracy of comploto
Hllmico would bo littlo short of. crlm-
liml.     .      ,        i|
.Vail* liml Da: <:}l,'u:i\ haa hi.-v;i iviu-.i-
od nil BortH i. ruinoi-ii nro rife, but wo
ronnrd tlio Hiibjoct nm entirely too no.
lonn for tlio lovlty Hint It linn boon
(rented with by mnny, Hcnndnlmonj*;.
ery wi> nhhnr. but. tho. truth ns -wo
hoo it fihf-ulrt bn inn iln known no Hint
wo mny lmvo no futuro roRrots an
would mont nHHUioilly follow If it w-_.ro
».;iioroil, .-,.'*
To end envoi* to throw  Dw  outlro
. bin mo on tlio. Hhonldorn of oHiom In
n cowardly wiiy to avoid rnnponlBblll-
ty,
•Friday morning President Powell
called the convention to order at 9
a.m.*/ --       •_.-. *7'..._ -.
One" of the first questions brought
before the body, was the_ discussion regarding, the'increase of officers' salaries. 7*" •=■•   . 7. "  ';'"'"
Fraternal Delegates James Roberts,
of.Moyie, occupied the chair whilst
this, -subject -was debated. ,
As a result of a vote' taken this
question of an increase in salary to
the officers of the" Executive- Board
will be'submitted to a referendum of
tlie  District for-approval.
W - H. Rogers, International Board
Member fromJ District i3, arrived and
was accorded, a* seat and "vote in -the
Convention.", '.•-.-
.. An amendment was made to Article
13 *"to be.known as Clause 10, stipulating that District Officers '-.will; "not
take upV-any grievance without being
accompanied ■ by some representative
of the local union. interested.
'- A new section was" added to Article
20 which provides for the printing in
English of the. District'and international Constitutions to be bound together
in one cover and that each local union
shall purchase a quantity, equal to one-
third of Its total membership.
Article 1 'wus-likewise lengthened
by the' addition*of Clause 11 which
ps-.-vides "that tlie-'Sub-District ?.bavd
Me-nbers shall take up any disputes
and investigate same in case the District, Officers-are not available.    ,
The afternoon session was resumed
at 1.30. An .amendment was made to'
Article 3 by and addition to Section 5
to the effect' that District Officers and
also-International Board Members
.shalUpmplaiyL.^^
District Convention..[' A.special committee consisting .of Delegates Wheat-
ley,. Roberts,"-Wilson and Smith were
delegated' to, revise ' Article 7 which
deals' with the election of District Officers* and present same to the * Convention for, consideration.
, ,The.report of the;Resolution Committee'was* presented arid was disposed of as hereunder specified:
Wash-houses nnd sanitary* conditions
in different camps,'of the district—
This was considered of so vital an Importance thnt it was recommended to
the care of a spocial committee.
' Delegnto Chas. Garner's resolution
Vegnrdlng conditions prevailing at the
properties of the Rock Spring Sootless
Co,, of Taber,-and the Alborta Consolidated Conl Co,, of the same placo,
was passed. Tho ono regarding n
petition to tho government: of Alberta
to instal roscuo stations and life saving npparntus'at the various mlnos In
the provlnco—carried.
A potltlon to amond tho Compensation Acts of the. provinces of B. C.
nnd Albertn so as to provide for a
minimum compensation In enso of disablement of $10 por weok was unanimously considered,
,8'ATURDAY
Tho morning session opened at 9
o'clock. Tlio UoBolutlon Commlttoo
continued their report:.
,, Resolution No. ,37.*—Roport of tho
commlttoo to bo adopted na amemlod,
This provides that tho DlHtrlct, shall
appoint a solicitor to net for tho dis
trict on sub-dlHtrlcts 2, 3 nnd -I. This
was to obvlato the delay and additional oxponso Incldont to tho omploymont
of tho prosont reprosontntlvo who Ih
In Kdmonton. Tlio (Hafnium nnd *tho
tlmo occupied In' travelling nro so
great that togothor with tho fact Hint
tlio vant, Innjoilty of tho momborH of
Ihoso mib-dlnti'lctn aro on tho Qrow's
Nost. It wnn doomed oxpodlont thnt
tlio services of n Inwyer who wns move
nccoHHlhln wnB osHontltnl.
Dolognto llnrry Snillli (Colomnn)
nuked tlin liidiilROiifif* of tho Convoti-
tton In order to Imrodtioo a roaolu-
Hon mgnnlliiK a HyHtom boltif. ndopied
to prnvldo thnt lho District Socrotnry
forwnrd to nil Locnl Unions n ropy
or nil Important quostloiifl nnd answers-
thoroto tlmt mny bo tnkon up thrmiPili
tho Dtsfrlot Solicitor!.. This wns ro*
forred to tlio CoiiHtltutlon Commltteo,
DoIoRiitoR 11. Mvniifl (Frnnkl nt*l<o_l
Hint tlio-nppenl of tlio Frnnk Locnl,
which was in the hands of tho cofai-
mittee oh Appeals and Grievances be
taken up by* the Convention; The
Chairman of the committee reported on,
the matter and the question was taken
up and discussed by the aforementioned  delegate and Vice-President Stubbs.
The above,discussion,was continued
when the body reconvened in the afternoon. Delegates Uphill (Fernie), Garner, "Jones (Hillcrest), F. Wheatley
(Bankhead), Smith (Fernie), Peacock
and I.B.M. W. H. Rogers participated
in the debate. . '.The result was that
a resolution was. adopted instructing
tlie. President, , I.B.M.s Garner, and
Rogers to proceed tq°Frank and investigate and report back-to the 'District
Executive .Board., -
.'.The rules.of or'der were suspended
in order that W. Symonds, Vice-President of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Alberta, "should address the gathering. He suggested' that the Convention should take up and consider,the
question of forming a Provincial Federation of Labor'for0 Alberta and that
they should also'form a close alliance
with the United Farmers' Association.
•*At the close of his address it was
decided to hand the matter over to the
Resolution Committee with instructions* tc bring* their recommendations
before the Convention.
"Adjournment * took place  at 5 p.m.
until  Monday morning at 9 a.m.
,  .    MONDAY     "'
The first matter dealt with was the
passing of a resolution.regarding the
appointment of a Solicitor for sub-Districts ,2, 3, and 4.
- Resolution 19 .covering, the matter
of .affiliation- with the proposed pro-
'vineial—feueratiori-of""labor—and—co-op";"
erating' with the United Farmers of
Alberta, .states:' .,  >
* "Whereas we, your Resolution Committee, after considerable deliberation
believe that the'time has arrived whon
it is desirable that all labor bodies
should have a better understanding
with each other in.the indusrtial field.
** "Therefore; .be'it "resolved that this
convention go on record as being In
favor of closer affiliation within the
Provinces, and to this end.-approve of
the organization of provincial "Federations of Labor, and bo it further resolved that the locals in the provinces
of British' Columbia and Albertn be
requested' to express their views- on
this mnttor by referendum voto."
Thc chairman of the committee, H.
Smith,,made the report and explained
that the committee favored tho formation of tho federation and also commented, on the statement, of Mr. Symonds on Saturday that tho formation
of the foderatloh would depend very
largely oh the minors who would be
tlie strongest body ln lt. Mr. Wheal-
loy thought that tho farmors, It they
nfflllntod woiild bo tho strongest, and
Sn this D. McNnbb' agreed as thoy already hnvo Roven thousand mombors
nnd will likely doublo that numbor.
Ho advocated having all Industrial
workors united In ono body. ■">
T. Uphill fnvorod the federation and
thought that lt was In tho lino    of
moro  gonornl  co-operation  thnt wns
taking tho placo of trndos unionism,
VIce-ProBldont Stubbs wont Into nn
explanation, -showing thnt tho fnrmoru
woro In oxnetly the Bnmo position ns
tho mlnorn ns thoy woro Boilers of
lnbor nlthoiigh thoy do lt In a -different
way.     "Tlin tlmn la comlm*-* wlion wo
Bhnll lmvo to co-oporato with nil who
soil tliolr labor powor In order to llvo,"
wild tho speaker, "nnd by Htnrtlng to
build np this co-oporntlon wo aro making progi'OBB along Indiintrlnl llnon, II
will tnko tlmo to get (ho momborH tn
boo thlfl nnd lho prourcflfl nt firm, will
bo Blow,1   If thoyhodlofi woro nil mill,
od thoy oould'go to Kdmonton'unitedly liiHlond of ns Hnpnrnto bndlofl nnd
tliolr roquoHlH would rocolvo more oon-
Kldonillon.    To nliow tlmt Iho farmer*,
nro frlnndly lo the miiioi-H ho cltod
Iho onso of tho nlrlko four yonrs ngo
whon tho two fnimois' nr.jniili-nUoiiw
In tho provlnco at (lio llrno wired 1'ro-
Hldont Shermnn offering sovornl onr*
InndH of produco liifluilln*,' n onrlnnd
nf flour In holp thn mliiarx In thoir
earnest desire to co-operate with the
miners. ',
An Additional Expense
j. E. 'Smith of .Fernie opposed the
resolution and wanted tb known what
good had, come from affiliating with
the Dominion Trades 0and Labor Congress which Is a much larger affair.
The federation would be an additional
expense. Robert* Evans agreed with
Mr. Smith, and raised'a question that
caused a.very heated argument when
he asked why the International Union
had affiliated District 18 "with the
Trades and Labor Congress when on
two occasions the district had voted
not to affiliate. * The' discussion arose
over the .correctness of the minutes
of the last two conventions..
• Board Member Garner supported the
affiliation with the Trades and Labor
Congress, but was not sure, of.the advisability, of the formation of the, provincial -federation. He thought that
the other bodies-.were looking to the
miners to support it and they would be
called upon* to'put up the revenue.
There would 'be an'expense and the
benefits are not known.. The Trades
and Labor Congress is recognized as
the"legislative mouthpiece of the workingmen of Canada and if they of Alberta did i- not. get the* benefit they
should -it is because they did* not co:
operate. .   -v7' -   - . ■ *•
J. 0. Jones supported the, resolution
and thought it. would be better to
bear-their share, of the expense of a
federation than to spend more money
on-lobbyists, telegrams, etc.,;-* which
had-proved uselesss. Finally the motion as stated above passed by a vote
of 25 to 1.        -*     >. ■•*'-*
lefiortAf**-!
A resolution making a demand on
the government that the board of Dis-,
trict 18 and' the government together
name the mining inspectors of the
province was replaced by the one car-
ried"last year in which the convention
asked the government to allow them
"some voice in the choosing of inspectors: In' reply^-i. a' "question -by-the
President,, Board Member Rogers of
Iowa said'.that tho government there
would-not allow the unions to choose
thelnspectors, saying that it was class
legislation. Mr, Roberts said that In
B. C. Premier McBride had held the
same position.
• When the convention adjourned for
lunch they' were considering* amendments to the constitution with regard
to, tho holding of elections.'       .   £S
Tho balance of tin morning session
wns tukor'up v,*'th dlRciiRFlon regarding the report of tho special commltteo
nppolntod to revise the Constitution 'n
connection with tho election of officers.
Tho first Item in tho aftornoba session to bo dealt with was a resolution
governing the work of tollors nnd nlter-
nntos at, District Officers olectlons was
tnblod, the Constitution to remain us
before.
Soction 3, Artlclo 7, paragraph 2, was
amended fixing a flno of ton (10) dollar's on local unions In caso of thoir
AVVISSO Al LAVORATORI Dl MINA
■ Oil uomini hoiio rlclilcBll dl stare
via dnllo nilno dolla Consolidated Coal
Company lnentn n olnqno miglia dn
Tnboi* o In IlookloBH SooUohb Coal
Company  per lo Hequonto rnglonl,
1. I mlnatorl lavoriiuo Hotto con-
dis* lon I iinn unlonloto o non rlcovono
'I'lKU di unionistI.
2, 11 rognliiinoiitn ilolo mlno 6 vlolti-
fo apovliiinoiito dnlin onmpiimilo.
II. 1 Jnvnriiloi'l non rlcovono «*oin-
poiiRnicloiio qunndn al fnnno mnlo como
lo dovrobboro rlcovoro In noronlnnzn
do! Workinon Compoiumllon Acl of
of Alborln.
■I, Vol Hloto rlolilontl ill Hliiro vin
flno che I nilmitnrl In questo mlno
Ronn oi--.iinl7-9*-ntl o vlcovornnno unn
pngn dn polorcl rnmpnrn o uu nrrini*
glnmonto fntt. con In II. M.* W. or A.
I'or rlf'lilcRtn
Del piHtrotto 18 U.M.W ,of A.
failure to,return ballots to the District
Office.
The Convention received the reports
of President Powell and Delegate R.
Evans, on the result of their visit to
Frank on Sunday in connection' with
the Frank dispute, and after considerable discussion the matter remained as
it was at the conclusion of tho proceedings on Saturday afternoon.
The Grievance-Committee was" received and the three items referred to
the Executive Board were:
1. Appeal from Royal Collieries re
Loan.
2. Appeal from Michel Local for exoneration of taxes.
3.' A case in connection with liability' from Bankhead, '.
The rules were suspended to enable
Delegate. T. Uphill of Fernie to bring
in a resolution previously referred to
ro the appointment of miners on juries
empanelled on inquests in connection
with mine disasters. The resolution
was endorsed by the Convention. The
ostensible.purpose for which juries are
formed is to obtain as intelligent information as is procurable from the
evidence brought out, but judging by
the practice this, is very rarely accom-
plished.for the.reason'that in the majority of cases those selected as juries
although inteligentin their own particular sphere are ignorant'touching the
questions involved.' It is an endeavor'
to remedy this deficiency in the jury
system that the* resolution referred to
was decided upon. This question is
one that" ought to interest every individual employed in industrial pursuits to
the end that the best interests of justice might bo subserved.. 'Take'"'the
_railroadJ)ranc.hes_fOE_nRtari.ce^it;is.not.
to be expected .that a jeweler, a farmer
or a teamster .would understand * the
technicalities' of either the niechanical
or motive,department, hence the advan,
tage of having men on the jury capable
of giving clear explanations.
Brother Brooks, a member of Taber
Local brought before the Convention
the, question of a report appearing in
"he Lethbridge Herald on Saturday last
which the members of his local considered was likely to create *'a wrong and
harmful*impression. The matter was
referred to a special committee who
were to confer with tho stenographer
and obtain tho facts in connection with
tho statements mado. This misunderstanding arose In connection with a
resolution' from Tnher Local that District 18 should show, Its sympathy with
their brothers on strike by laying down
their tools until tho men In Nova
Scptln had been re-Instated. Tho explanation that folowed proved conclusively that the membors of District 18
woro all earnest and nnxloiiB that thoir
fellow workers back In Nova Scotia
who had struggled so long and manfully would emerge victorious from tho
protracted struggle When tho mat-
tei* was Invostlgutod tho Tabor man
went away satisfied and* tho Incldont
closed. ,
The ConntltuHnn Commlttoo concluded lis roport by amending Art. !> of
Soction 19, to'provide for tho District
Socrotnry kooplng locnl unloiiR In touch
wltn tho progress of componHntlon
claims nnd Important points In connection with tho flnmo.
. TUESDAY
Tlio moriilng'H hobhIoii wns occuplod*
jirliiclpnlly with tho nffnlrs, of tho
official organ., TlmnkR wore tendered
I")lfltrl<:l fl, W,' V. M. for tho co-oporntlon given In tho litigation Incldont to
tho Krug ciiro. TIiIh Ih tho c.nno ot
wlllilioldlng copipoiiBatlou hncaiiHo tlio
deceased dependent l« roHldln.. In a
f(>i*'"l..u i-oniitry, Tho quoHllnii of tlio
lioBt molhod of admlnlHtrotlon of Btrlko
rollof,wan d!»riiHRod nl, length, and tho
majority fnvorod tho rbmiiilHsurlnt nyn.
torn In plnco of inn-noy nllmvnncn, bo*
oniiHo on tho whole moro jmtlHfnolnry
nnd IlknwlRo moro ooonomlnil tlinn
mnklng Jndlvldiinl purchnHoii, Thin
subject wnn'dlsp*isod of by tlio Intro-
duel lon of n motion by Chnrlon f Junior
Hint In tho ovont of n hiihiioiihIoii of
work, nftor April IhI nio illHtrlct Hhould
Issuo rollof to IIh mombors nnd fninil-
Ioh ronlding In lho district through com
missariats, wherever practicable to establish thehi.     This motion passed.
The report of J. D. Harrington who
was fraternal delegate to,the Convention at Nelson of District 0, W. F. of M
having been .received,* it was decided
to, refer his recommendation to organ-*
ize .the mining camps on Vancouver
Island to the International Board Exe-,
cutive Board. Thanks of District 18
to District"5 G W. F. of M. were accorded. • '
It was decided that a demonstration'
should be held on the 1st of May
whicli' is the workers International
Day in'other countries.
the Convention decided to appoint n
strong local committee to cooperate
with tht) District Officers'in making ,*i
thorough examination before worn is
resinned _t Bellevue.
WEDNESDAY
The entire day was spent in receiving report of Scale Committee and discussing the various features thereof.
At tho conclusion a long debate ensu-.
ed with regard to the policy of the
district in their negotiations with the
operators,' and it was decided to leave,
this matter in the hands of the District Executive Board, ,.who in .turn
would co-operate with the local unions.
A very interesting letter was receiv-'
ed and read froni' Annie Sherman
thanking all the' members of District
18 on'behalf of the kindly treatment
that had been shown" the family since
tho death of their father Frank Sherman, the former.'president.   ,
A hearty ,yote' of thanks   was  extended to tho Trades and Labor Council and the people of Lethbridge" generally, for the excellent treatment ac-
'c„rned7\TOiirm—flT^Coirveh_ion; alsbT
to Mr. Eckstrom.'of the Dallas Hotel,"
for a similar leason.    The Convention
also went on*record in showing.tlietr
appreciation of the fraternal'delegate
from the Western Federation of,Miners, who had been of considerable as-
tance in the largo amount of work
that _had been accomplished,
'   "All work*, and no play makes Jack
a dull boy,' so says * the old' proverb,*
and miners like tho rest of humanity
considered it advisable to follow the
advice of this time-worn saw and exemplified their belief by the acceptance of the.Invitation of P. Palmer
to suppor at' the Castle Hotel to colo-
brato his appointment as lognl representative of District No. 18, U. M. W.
of A. for Alberta.
At 11 o'clock over 50 guests sat
down to a bountiful repast to which
overybody paid amplo justlco. • The
eating ovor, the fun commenced, tho
lrropresslblo W, B. P. starting the ball
a rolling by nn aftor dinnor spocoh In
his usual froo and onBy manner. S.
P. Tuckweli, or tho Typos, delivered n
vory Intorostlng nddrosB full of quips
and jokes whicli tickled tho funny
bono of his auditorR. Short speeches
were mado by ,")t MoNabb, Frntornnl
Delegnto J Roberts, I.B.M.s Chas Onrnor, W, II. Rogers, Socy. Carter aiid
songs wero rendered by "Fighting
nob" Evans, of Frnnk, In grnnd stylo',
which waa doservodly oncorod, A
duct of a highly classic charactor wan
Inflicted by Moasrfl. Burrell and Jones,
tho fixaet title wo do not know, but
It ruriH flomolhlng llko "Wo nro horo
bccnuKO ,"     Thero woro mnny
othors who inldod to tho Impromptu
program, rounding out a most onjoynblo oiitortnliini(.-nt.
Ilort I-nlmor In n very well dollvor,*
oiI.Rpoot.h tlinnkeil lliom for tho compliment boBlowod which ho imfliirod
IiIh midlcnco It would bo IiIh overy of-
fort to merit, by Rli'lci attention to
tliolr IuIoi'omIh,
"IIo'h ii .lolly Hood Follow" wnn ming
CITY COUNCIL
, The Mayor and Aldermen wore all
in their respective-stallonSoOti Thursday evening with the exception of J.
Mclntyre, ■ who is at present out ot
to wny • _    _ ,
-   The minutes of February 9th meeting were read and adopted. ,
Several notices of motion amending
current by-laws wore submitted.   ,*
The question of Engineer Bateman's
wages was to be held in abeyance
pending report from the Chief Boiler
Inspector,      ,    ,   '
* The account of W; J. J. Morrison,
payment! of which has been postponed
for so long, was finally passed and
ordered to be'paid.
An amount of routine work was
dealt with, including.the payment of a
number of outstanding accounts.
One of the surprises sprung,.upon
the body was tlie statement made by
Mayor Bleasdell that'in consequence
of his, own health and that of his wife
he regretted to say that he would be _-
compelled to resign, and at next meet- ■
ing City Clerk Barclay would read his
written resignation.
This * news was like a thunderbolt
from the blue leaving   his * auditors
without voice, biit tlieir astonishment •
and  regret  was plainly visible, upon
their  countenances.
. Dr:  Harold* Anderson, M.O.H., sub-"
mitted a recommendation for an .amendment to the health by-law whereby
persons may be punished for trespass
in dwellings  that are under quaran- ■
tine. '.*'•*'•'      _,.."'
-»^4m^^«>~«.^-<m^^»*^->^^4>
. Don't forget to go to'Coal
Creek, to-night (Friday) to attend the Social and Dnnce to
be held at the Club Hail for
benefit  of Josh.' Buchanan;
SALVATION  ARMY^
Program
of,    Winnipeg Silver  Band
-  Campaign
Saturday, 8 p.m., in , Methodist
Church. A monster musical festival,
Admission, 25c.
Sunday, at 11 ' a.m. in Army "Hall.
Public  Holiness Convention,
Sundny nfternoon at 3.Ifi . p.m. in
Mothodlst Church.
Sunday evening, 7.30 p.m. In Miners*
Hnll. Great salvation gathering; 70
miisiclnns in nttendance. . Everybody
wolcomo.
OPERATORS
MEETING
Officers are Elected and
Committees Formed
For New Rates
Tho iiiiiiunl mooting of tho Wostorn
Conl Oponiloi'H' AiHOeinllon wiih hold
lam   wook  In   lho city hnll,  ("Y.l.'nry.
Officer**   for   Kill   woio   elecleil   nntl
, ... ,        , , HlcpH  wore tnkon  to npi-nlnt   a  coin-
nl ~n..n, who., tho vni'lmm dokwiloH ;     ' , w|1|. „,., .^ ,,„.
dopurlod to Iholr roHpoctlvo lodging, |m||||,M |)f „,., ...,...,„ „, A||.(ir,.. w)u,„
to puck up lliolr tntpH nnd lmck
npiiln tn Iheir sovornl Ikiiiioh. Tlmn
nndod tlio Eighth Con void Inn of District  IS.
l.tiloKt N.i\VH.--A. .1, „('iirtor nmt
filoin RtubbH nrn'detained forcibly nt
f'owlov nwltu*. to u Hovoi-n nnnwdrift
hot wonn thoro nnd l.iuidbrook domor-
nllf.lng tho 0, l\ U, trail- service
(Soo I'hri'm two mul  throe)
boon mndo by momborH of tho Lnilloi*1
Benevolent Socloty and others to hnvo
Hioho glrlH tnkoni chnrgo of by Mr.
South, but without -avail, Wlillo nn j
Uw.tiiihyu ".ic inity itjin.iii, i!,i,i i,.'tiler moro HtrlngoJit ruloH bo onfoiT--.il
wllh rognnl to tho ourfmv to offoct
whloh It will bo liecosgnry to hnvo nn
officer omployod /.pi-v-nlly tn not iib
trunnt officer ntul nV*o to noo l\\t\t tVo
c-tifew Jaw is olje-'O'l, or clno ■"■••/i-.**
r'-uniUni. tbo flro hrll id h nvioc!,.
which undor oxlHlIng rlroumfitnnoos |h
valucl/>jin and florv.ii* no othor useful
purposo at proncnt than Hint of Inform
lug lho (■Itlzent* tho hour of lho dny
onco In every 21 hottm
ovor to llio provliiclnl dopnrtment,
This HiiKKcatlon may nnt moot with
Iho nptirovnl of Hiobo who npnroolnto
nnd  FIhIioi*.  acted  on bohnlf of tho
Crown,
KIhIo WNkom  wiih  plncod  no     tho
tlio Iohh nf rovonuo onttilleit, but. it |b|Htnnd nftor iindornolng un  oxnmlna*
i,i,i.,:ll) ,11.1(1,j,*....(.J..' (ui  jii-!*.,.;i  [in./'O ui-
lonlloii lo bo glvon to tho noods con-
tnlnoil within lho oily HmltM by tho
pronont «tnff,
Throw hyprnerlHy nml humbug nvor-
bnnrd nnd Xnnb ttw ultnntlnn RtroMit
Iii tlin tnco. Wo hnvo a segregated
district  outsldo nf the    nuinlcipiilliy
(i.m (u inovit «ii.it him knew Un. tuituro
of an onlh. -ind w.'ih found nuDtittw-
lory wiim dulv swnm. Tho dlsclo-
Huron woro of biioIi n ohnrnctor ns to
,bo totally unfit for .publication:
Tlio ernitK-rivn-nilTifitlon In* Mv T!*.i*.
c-luiiiir ollclieil llio InffiriniKInu that
sho wiih nn untruthful nnd dlsobodlont
hut 1-ooniiHo nf Ihoiiionoy.lt brings Into! child beyond parontnl control
(lio civic coffers It In pn.rnllcd by tlm I
city poller.,      To Iuiii II  ovor lo the
piovlucliil iiiillmi'ltie*. whoro lt. rightly
To c-Npoet j Jongs, menus it monoliiry Ions, but  lo
cnntlnui! ns nt priMcut with only one
chief rnid two pollc-iuon »o .iIIoihI to
iin* ii-i|iiii'**iiii-t'ti ni Ihiiii »in- i.|iy pro.
Hmall lo police nn wide nn area n*. is   per nnd nut^lilo the city tort, tbo feirc
nt   prorent   *iind(-r   thoir   '-iiporvi'iln'..   !>; iuwUqunio.
Tho Inclusion  of Dw dl-Hiit   tf>  Hie,,  r)n Wcdni-sdfiv moi'ii'ni* W. M, .«tnii-
Oimt ot lho to a ii i_ii-._j.--i.il-.S» i«iuv>.iiiii.'< i ii>> .jft.is iuuiiKht lul'iire .TmU'c Wliltn-
llmo   n-litrh   rnnl'l   )i■■•   ti»Jli-/e-I   *.. !t!ii>l ;i*li-.i- an   s  r-\>tr?.\ nf 'ipv1 »•.*.**  l=-».l   iXXit-U
uroH It would ha well to lo-ofe Info thoitlio city llrnlis. nud  »lc-.|il!e* Hn* fn.-l'ZroIatlonH wiih Kl»lt* Wll.-i-in undor tlio
niotter n little moro deeply. ;thnt ir  it o rovcTiuo prnrinror, n  f-*tr;n!To of 11,
Wo callod upon tim thief, by wliom * moro xtr.'iichtfnrwnnl  i onr.;o  fo  pur*!    II. IloKhnier. counsol for tlio tlefon-
xvo   woro  Infoniiod   Hint   efforiH   lmd.-wio would tn* to ha\o rI.I _ nii*,-i ninu-d ■ fl/mt, Alo.v 7-'IhIioi. nf die firm of f_niio
jtho pronont police omff to nttond to*
OpInlonR widely differ n« to tho ror-jtho mnttor In iiiironxminlilo, nn tliolr1
lt*i I initdci oi' )>un I'lttUi* iiiiiioiK '-IU* iiuinoi'ii-itl hiM.-iiKih w nilii.'.eiiii'i' ;li.ii
'/.on*, Tlio polico dopartmont Iscpltl-
clued for not inking moio drnfitlo *Hic*n-
toirerH earlier, hut whilo wo hold no
brief for tills brnurU ol Iho civic, forco
wo  think  that   before  pnislnir -utrlct-
ItequoKt. whh .mndo thnt. lho two girl"
wltiiouM nml Anno Mnrtln Bhould bo
kept, •■opin'iite. This tho chlof stated
wris excceilln.idv illfflcnll, an thoro
\x".-r, only one cell Hiilt'iblc for iit-iup.i-
Hftn of fomnloH." Ilo, however, raid
Dun* lie ".unlil do bin be«t to /firiipl**'
with ilie In-iinietloiiH, ,
I*! i* n-oMii-r of Hio olilld. wiin u-:e
.-! -.v|ii*e--t in (ho idftornnon, Mtntod flint
■-I i- lliu: hii'l n vory lnrgo fntnllv nnd ;
, i.i ,■: -;-, >*,!.<• fovtn.tr in tv.ii- jim-sll tcin-
tnun _.|* her hn.li'itiil -hho hnd hoon rnm-
I'Ollei. to I^t V.b'lo r.o out lo ; i rvli'i. In
. ruder to e.irn n fow dollars fow.ird"
ndlliii: In  die    mnlntntiuueo    of    iln
hoiiHohold, Hho ncknowlodgod thnt
tho  child  wnn of  itn  iincontiollnblo
elmrnetnt*. nnd lliu* nlio Imd hoon more
ko hIiico tho moving ploliiro nhown
nmi been in ii'it-ruiuiii,
H. X. Clei-I;.. timtlflod ;im lo tin* ar
ro-4 rtf W.'-R. Stntiloy nnd tho tlmo i»
wnn mndo,
On 'tliurmlny Annlo Mnrtln wnH ou
Mir.   '■•t-i.wl   t,,i,i   tuvr,  riftitlini'i-i   vn.,,i,-,t\,,.i
lier net ions.    ;'
Tho Ktntomonl wro* read nut to W.
K,  Sfnuloy,  which   wns   duly  ■•l.'.notl,
nnd bin eonnnol sfnted tlmt "ho hnd
nothing lo nny"
This cn«o hnn novy been tuinnl over
tn Hin jiii'i.o for hl'i dlipfi'iiil,
j     Tlio other  Hvo liidlvldfi;tl.*  \x]m nri-J    A  «
! ln-ld  in  rur.tody nro ."tnrtii**! T\  lllnc:-1 teniiii
Minn'in  whoito behnlf  Uio  •forvtcon  of   eWiil.*
j,-*.|ierwnod Horclnnor hnvo been retain-  xxo m*<*
'.il, :;!.*)  llornnnt Il.iwson, v.)■■> rm yet   to   mi!
' is M-itlioitf oounflol.
ho will lio OMimliicd nu to bin nnnll.v,
MorrlH ciiino horn about n  week :»irn,
•led   In   *i   fnn'   il'iv"   olin<vnil   i'l*"'"   nf
hnltu-; niontntly 'Icnini'.ed.      t*oiu<tiih|i..
Hl'llWIIIIIg luiHi'.i  Ills. tt|l, Hllil  lllliU'l' lu-
titriH tlniifs fmiu Hi*, chief ioi*.:,fiibli* at
Ferule in tnklii}' ttSie tn Sob"\:\. I.:\-'.
fnll wlillo Mon-I"* wii'* coj.. .ttiTiIn at
Michel ho bccinie deiinr'.e'l nnd mitdr-
,, - , ,,„t ,.,,., . i,,.-        i- . ...     *    i    i ,,,,
j.ilnl   .(eeriieil   td   veciivi.|,i        U'lu-ll   let
j on!  ho w»'« diM'li:ii'-.',od f.-em iti<* 1-11!
piny ot Hii'.fcnverhmeut.    Moyie Lend-
or,
A    WED-FOOTEO    EXPEDITION
li.nii
I    I'c.'l
■ jl.,till He    Wll]   'iiim ll>
'Tll'e
! unow
MORRIS ■>.?•>WCr.-)
hi'h if mn ce -
»" 1   i.i  :i  illci-o t»i   ?*
( dli.il.ce,1   Will   hnve
. , i    :l . t ■   Hi; 1,1   i,f   -;i-,
■in ',   'a Mul,. f!.«-■ r.
in**; ,'ii.it v " cnn cvj.ki
tlio pi'OH'nt ll'-rei uioill belWeeii llielll
nnd Hie opcriiloiH expire ou Mnrch It J.
Officer*-, elected were: l.owln Sloclelt,
of Ho«.|iier, li, I1,, roetoeled preHldeiH'.
I„ I'. NiiIhuiIHi, I.cIIiIiiIiIko, vlceprc
ulili-nl: W. I1'. Utile, nf f'lintuore, re-
eiceied  M'eri.liil.v-t|en>,iitoi',
Th(».'ii p: ii.ei.I ill ihe meet in.; iveio
O. 1-3, S, Willionldo, neiieinl innmiROi"
liitonintloiinl Conl ;nn! folio ('oiiipiuiy.
nl ("ifli-iimii: l.cwlh SiiickeM. lietleinl
iniiiiiiltei'. nnnklieCid MlnliiK Vn.'. of
llniikli-nd; rt. \V. CtniUl.iird. Ki-m-ral
1111111111.01-.  Cnnailllili    I'olHi1i*lei*i,    Ltd..
Mli|lrmoro; U. .•'. Utile, \|i*«<pie*siiieiu
1,    ., , , '.*
H,    XX ,    ,<».,.- I.I    I'l..   i.t    ' ,.,,,,,.,, I .     ,.
' !,.  ...'il-lM-lli,  : *'•• '-.'I  UW-i'il-- .',   AH ' *! I
Ktillwiiv nnd liihtnlloii Cn.. of l.etli-
InliU'.e: .lohn Itin-.M), ni'iie'l-ol mMiiiiuoi*
illllen-Hi    Milieu. Ltd,,    ot   niljri<.,t;
1! tt Ithlti ci'iicrnl m.Mi'rr IL-iv-i*1
('uliifii.-:* I.id,. ••! J.eili)iij.It.-i-; U'. I..
Iliiinllldti. I'llleriil oniliiii-el' l.olti'h fnl-
Ui.|le>;, I,nl„ of I'iiuhImii*..; T, ruder*
vvnoil. iii:Hiiu;il.'„t illlt.cini', PiHiuoml
Co.il i'n. id i",'iiiiir\: A. A. M"Her.
i.i'in i.ii ni.'.ii,ii.i 1 nm) K. i:.niiiui!, Cnn
tnlliiii t.'m.l C*nii'..M!iil,'iii il Co., of Fiiiiil.;
I     1  .    l;e-,i|.   s ■■';•■! i'l    lii-il"!i!.( t».    IN      I'
,   Tl.i.in.i
iliinru-S*   fVi.-il  fn.,  of   ?_<*Tli-
C 1—Not C:^t
'I'i--* .nn-!!  -le-ui.,-!*; nf i'w t".  !•   U,
,1   |.fins'   1 *>ltW i-tfit   OVU  fii'i   li'lTl).'***:-.
Ai.dy Morrl.t, ;in c ,.*:,
Sim* tn'ceri   »oi  NVlfion  to.
1 ■■•.le   -I.   T.   IlliUVIiitll-*.
. M-. I-i In-
v !iv Con*
A'   Vol-on
'-I-/1.-.I   •■-.,..  ,.'. ". ■
1 m» route *i-   1   '*   *•
•:t thc li!ii,.'*l   fn
■lire  Wlil'.ntii   llnldi
!,i :•,•!  ;'!;i! *;, i.  I
i.rili'li**.- «m 1
ll*.  ll e  utl.c;
me,   t'llrclni.   .M
1 *..,,
n Ir-
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Tl- 1'r
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.'(■.••.1 Vt'*-ii-.i;r. fAQX TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, FEBNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 21, 1911.
DISTRICT NO.
OFFICERS
IS
What Are
YOU Worth
From the
NECKl
UP?
Ills cKtltnnted Hint
tho nvornuu mnn Is
worth $2 n tiny from '
tho nock tintrn—whnt
Is ho worth from tho
neck ujit
That depends'entirely upon trulnlni*.,
If yon nre trained go
thnt you plnn nnd
direct work you nro
worth ten times ns
much nr, tho mnn
who cnn work only
undor orders.
Tho Internationa I
Co'iiipondinci Scho oil
coin tl.o mnn who Is
struggling nlong on
Hinnllpny nndsny to
hlm, ''Wc will trnln
you lor promotion
' right whoro you nro,
or wo will c'linllty
ynu to tnko up r.
, moro conuvnlnl lino
of work nt u much
higher snlnry,'1
ICvory month sov.
era! hum!roil i,t«-
donli voluntnrlly
roiiort ndviincninent
m tlio lUirtt K'hiilt
of J.C.S. trnlnlnir,
You need nol leavo
your present -wnik.
or vnur own liotni.,
Mirk this coupon at
once ond mall It,
M
INTERNATIONAL C0ttlU:S_'0N_).:NCl. SCHOOLS
ll-ox 7a_. ScranUm, IM,
rl_l.ll   flliUIn,   willinm   lulllir.   i.lill.;llli._t   nn   lny
pr«rl, Imw I cut i|U4_llv Iui a hit,'i*i ..Iir/ ami
a.lvaoi nnr nl  lu llm *>untl„n   Ul_,i<
whicli   I   liavi  nuik.cl X,
Ad Wellir
AtGKIItrjiut'll Onttimin
»hfl*.C*M wtiir
HlfUChtflirmU""**'
W-N-k. Td'-fiwir
_ truttufilOrilumcn
fill Btrvltjn Cuami,
CvmlritUf m4 *M«H_lf
OtPamnMll Dfli'j'.tf
f t-rtmin fixuvuet
Mi clm (tit hI tndiptir
Mfuhi'iloil OfallniMrt
fittmun Micni'tiit
fin.*.) fflf)l*>)|if
llistricii [i-i-jJniir
>.it«lri«i«n
f«-*ir>t(lal(|in •>.*.,
flio ti titf fir
ArGhiltit
ftttnograpr.fr
ft'inur
Sltttt ami An..
Cily	
.Stall-
GEORGE C. EGO, I.C.S..
fernie, D. C.
PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS*.       ;
"Fellow Delegates, Annual Convention .District Number Eighteen, United Mine Workers of * America.-**-
Greeting:      - ' ',  '
"Allow me to welcome you to this
our Eighth Convention assembled here
in  Lethbridge, Labor Temple.
"Since our last .convention many
things have happened.in this district
Number Eighteen within the next
year. We, the District Officers, have
made agreements with tho following
companies:
The Crow's Nest. Pnss Coe*.1 Company Limited, No. 3 Mine, Coal Creek.
The Corbin Company, B. C.
The Ilosmor Mines, B, C. ,
The Diamond City Coal- Company,
Alberta,
The I .upon Company, Alberta,
The Carbondale'Coal'Company, Alberta.
The Canadian Coal Consolidated
Company, Ltd.,* Frank, Alberta.
The latter agreement was arrived at
after a; stubborn fight, the cost of the
fight will be found in the Secretary's
report. The Delegates will observe
there are many companies in District
IS with whom we do business apart
from tho Western Coal Operators Association, so it will be for this Convention to consider the means for
meeting tbe various companies as our
agreements' all terminate on .March
31st, hence the need for united action,
careful thinking and tactful acting.
Friendship and no friction must be
our motto right here and now.,.
One of the events that goos to make
the history of thc labor movement in*
District 18, United Mine Workers of
America was the trial of Arthur Decoux; a faithful and fearless comrade,
whose only crime was that of being a
Union man, and trying to make others
so, was arrested * and put in one" of
the dirty prisons of the state for
months, charged with wilful murder.
After a long, hard and expensive fight
the grand jury declared him inuocent.
" In passing I .wish to compliment
the Frank Local Union for their kind
attention and support to Mrs. Decoux
and her children during her husband's
incarceration. Tlie cost of,,this trial
will be found in the Secretary's Report.
,   Explosion
On the evening of December 9lh one
of* the greatest explosions in the history of Alberta occurred in the Belle-
Vue Mine, killing" thirty miners -and
one brave volunteer, Fred Alderson,
leaving twenty widows.and forty chil-
"dren to be careeffor not W"fKe~G(f
vernment or the coal operators, neither of whom cared how they lived.
I wish' to emphasize to you my brother Delegates that these said coal
companies must be made to,pay their
compensation claims, there must be no
quarter given. We Seven Thousand
United Mine Workers in District No,
18,.one and all of us, must mako it
cur business to find out tho names
of the Insurance Companies that these
.coal operators do business with so that
we may be In n position to denounce
them in the street, on the platform,
in tho pross, and if.possible in tho
pulpit for tlieir cruel, heartless, cheating of the poor widows nnd orphans
especially thoso of our foreign brothers, Tills snd event Is a thing of
lhe pnst to Ihe man in llio street,
but not to tho mother's, tho widow's
nnd tho orphans of tlie victims of this
profit mnklng system. Now it is up
lo us nn mon to seo to it thnt thoso
people nro not entirely disinherited.
I wish lo recommend to this convention the appointment of a real llvo
fighting lawyor for tho Crow's Nest
Push, as those compensation unsos
need moro nnd must hnvo moro attention, I wish to rcpont what I said
nt the last Convontlon namely: that
Iho govornmont should carry tho work-
moil's iiiHiironco of tho province,
Tho position of tho District regarding monoy and momborshlp la moro
nntlufnctory thnn It was at tlio last
Annual Convontlon of District No. 18.
With tho goodwill and support of the
momborH wo hopo to mako It stronger
hotter and moro useful.
There Ih a new Coal Mining Act
nbout to como into forco In British
Columbia, lot ub hopo It will reduce
tho numbor of nccldontB—fatal and
othorwlno, so that It run bo no longer
nnld flrltlnh Columbia stands on tho
nnmo plnno ns Mexico, Gontlomon,
it Is unworthy of the civilization of
thin twonttotli century that llrltlsh
Columbia nliould ho tho grontost kill-
or of conl minors In tho world.
I hnvo boon throuj.li all tho mlnoii
in DlHtrlct No, 18 within this print
yonr with only n fow oxeoptlonn, hoiiio
of thorn mnny flinos. I hnvo dono
my host to Improve the coiidltlouu of
tho mon In tho mlnos. I hnvo font;lit
for thom oii tho plntform and through
the pre.*_, tmd by inspection of the
mlnos, Tlio vontllntlon of most of llio
Albertn nilnos In a standing diBgrnco
to tho mining men of tho stato, Many
Union I havo had to advise the,mon
to striko an tho only means of protecting thomnolVP« nnd the only wny
to get the Conl Mines Act half onforc-
od, and if the same revolting toii-n-
l...;..-* i;;ii)):iiiv I hhuil whb.o Dh*<i I"
Htrlko ngnln and ngnln.
Obtervattons
Ouo thing I noticed In District No.
18 In this, nil tho rllsptilos'thnt nrlno
— itlill  Hilt".,,    rtltt HiiA'uii — ii**.  ***•*-.   iM*  n-M
Bwo|led>henilod arrogance of tho bouse*
whoso duty It in to carry out iho contracts and not to bronk them. A
great, mnny of thom aro men devoid of
nny conroptlnn of fair play nod think
It clover and to thoir credit to dispute
Mid .HAtUar-Jc i\nd vule rough slio-I
ovor their fellow-men. Their vanity
often m-ikc** n ••veil mnn nick, but 1
suppose* they nre tnilnii « domnnfl. It
must bo tho general managers and superintendents need toon ot tout IMtwy
In thoir bunln-Ms, Mor» common-
sense nnd loss nrroganco are much
needed on lh« opwatttra' nld*. They
ik.sm k.i.UsiU feud AnvmuetiU v'Uti
no Intention of extc-utlnr them. It Is
more In tbelr Une, and natnvo to discharge and oppr**«. than »■*■» act ther
man.     To aim a contract and    an
'agreement, is a splendid .thing for the
operators in District No. ,18,-for it
makes slaves of the workmen arid tyrants of -the petty bosses—and the
big boss must not be overlooked. This
is the true state of the poll, but since
society demands-signed contracts I
shall endeavor to see they are executed. I'have done ray best to keep the
fence in good repair. !I work in season and out to get men to join hands
and become members of our organization so that we can hold our own
against the common force.; 1 confess
I - have no respect for these ' signed
documents. I blush, to sign them as
it is the act of . putting mnny thousands of men, women and children in
bondage. This conviction of mine'
hns been forced on me by painful experience. *  --
I recommend 'to *. mis Convention
that there shall be a clause in,all
agreements in District 18 to this effect: ' That any official in a mine
who breaks contracts and agreements
shall be subject to the same "law as
the workmen—that is, he may be discharged.
I wish to bring to the notice'of this
Convention that thore is at least one
mine'in District No. 18, where the
Union is held in, such contempt that
no notice is allowed to be posted on
their premises. , I, in company with
A. C. Brovey ventured to post some
notices but they were immediately torn
down and we were insulted. That
mine is the International Coal and
Coke Co., Coleman, Alberta. Why
should this company be allowed to insult the Union and it's officials. Clay
to stem* the holes taken lo the miners
working places and the right io post
Union notices about the mines are
two things that must be demanded in
our' agreement with this company.
Wash - Houses
The wash-houses" at the miries in
Alberta are a standing disgrace -to
the operators and the government inspectors and an insult to the men who
are compelled to use them. I would
recommend to this Convention that
this wash-house • question, command
your attention.    ■.
And the same cafivDe said* of the
bunk-houses.' they are a disgrace to
,the coal operators; government, clergy
police and to the' people who own
them, Burmis for instance, and many
others."   *  y
■ International Convention
There • were the delegates from
District No. 18 attended the Intercm-
-ti6nal-.Cony.enti6n_and_one.-Of_the_re^
solutions passed on the eleventh day
of the Convention pledges morai and
financial support to District No. 18
so tliat they may secure an advance
in wages was adopted. This convention is of great importance in* face
of the -fact" that tho agreement with
the operators terminates on the- 3lst
of March, ".*■
Legislative
Now, gentlemen. I would like to say
a few words about the law-making
bodies of the two provinces, British
Columbia and Albertn. As wo members of District No, 18 come from one
or the other of these provinces nnd na-
turnlly are more or less interested In
I hoso matters which affect the well-
bolng of tho class lo which we belong.
True, wo ennnot expect nil men to soe
oyo to oye ln nil of the details but
when fncts are presonlod thai should
convince the most stubborn ho Is
foolish Indeed who persists In standing in ills own light.- In tho Rocky
Mountain Division* we hnvo n representative In .Parliament, Charles M,
O'Brien, Socialist, and even those
nmong you'thnt differ from his opinions must acknowledge ■ that at no
tlmo hns ho neglected thc Interest!*; of
tho working clnss. Somo of my
friends havo said, "What good can
ono man do?" to whicli I reply, that
ono representative like O'Brien may
not accomplish much directly but ho
cnn by tlio Introduction of measures
for benefit of tho workors compol
tliOBO of othor polltlenl colors to show
just whero thoy stand. This In Itself
Is cducntlvo as It doos moro to show
the hollownosn of political promlsos
than can bo dono ln nny way.
* Those amendment*-; that, woco Introduced for tho bonofMs of tho mlnoworkors, do you think thoy would
havo been brought, up by other r-jpro-
sonlatlvos? With all tlio talk about,
tlio frlondllnons of lnbnt* soo whnt, wns
done to the mennur.pa. Look nl the
two weekly pny bill. If ono mnn
looking nfter tho Intorosts of tho working class nlono cnn koop tlio Iiouho
at Kdmonton busy hu much of the
tlmo, does It not show that Ion mon
oipini as aggrosHlvo aa Clmrllo O'llrlon
would compel tho Introduction of moro
labor InwH. If you wnnt anything
go for It bnld-liendod!
Wo Htnnd togolhar on tho IndiiHtrlnl
flold with our Unions, but wo dlvldo
our strength on tho pollllrnl flold,
nnd so, whilo striking for bettor conditions with ono hnnd, wo put n fetter
on the other. Tnko tho Fornio Eloc
Hon ns nn oxnmpln, On tlio ono
sldo wo hnvo n lawyer, tho paid nor-
vnnt    nf   n   onnX   otxmritinv    v'1in<*f>   In.
torests nro tho vory opposite to that
ot tho employees, On tho other a
man whose past record Is known au
rt conMatent ndvw-.it-> ot working-clans
Interests.. On tlio Industrial field we
nro paying ont monoy to fight ngninst
,» ». . ,ii.»,
*.-* - .. *>'•-_ * * ** ■ *  .-■.    ,.,.tf,...
les to deprive vv blows, orphans and
dependents of our foreign brothara of
their just rights, nnd nt tho samo tlmo
we send n man who gots Ills wngos
from lho very people that are ovorlnsl*
Ing forcing us to pny out our good
monoy. Im not Mils n very sfupld
course to pursue? Do yoti not think
thnt tlle member* of I'nrlloment In H.
C, don't say to thcm»,elves -what easy
mark* tho working class Is? What
■wcmld you think of tho man wlio
would expect a cat to be a itunrdtan of
canaries? Yon would say that he
was all IDnd* ot n fuol and yoi yoa
nre nor nnr, bit tho irfnor. Voir hnvo
had tho chanc« to -..-lm a roan who
does not promlso to represent ol! classes be-caua» he known it cannot be done.
W« don't »ar to >■"''» '♦ote * c^rt*l»
way, because-we. say so, but do ask
you to look into the question,and satisfy yourselves of the advantage' of
sending. ]those whose' action's * prove
thier sincerity of. purpose. ■ •
Organization
I wisli'to mention that* in company
with- International Board Member
Garner we spent much fHme* up and
down District" 18. Much time was
spent iii Taber District and in face of
the opposition on the part of., the
companies and their free boozing parties to delude, the men, we succeeded
in * organizing two camps, namely
Bock Springs and the Alberta Consolidated Coal Company. But the companies theii stopped tho mines—thoy
knew that Justice was about* to be
given the miners, but we will not for-
get these companies. '
My relations-' with my , colleagues
during the past year have been of a
pleasant nature.
■  Wishing you a' successful Convention,
W, Bi POWELL.'Presl_ent,
Dis. 18, U. M. W. of A.
VICE-PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS
To the Delegates assembled ,at the
Eighth Annual Convention bistrict
No. 18, United Mine Workers of America.     Greeting: ' *,
This is the second ■ opportunity I
have had of reporting tb you,, 'and'
through you to the members of the
district, details of my work as vice-
president. >*■.-■",, . * L
, I have been occupied during the past
year in conjunction with, the other officers of the District in the general
routine work, settlments of disputes,
making of agreements,"-etc., most 'of
which it would be unnecessary to' go
over here. A few of'the important
matters, however, I have endeavored
to outline.'   ' '-.    '*•••* '    * „**'..
Suspension at Frank
The suspension at the mines of
the Canadian Consolidated Coal Co.,
Ltd., was brought about under rather
peculiar circumstances. The agreement with that company, .which was
for n period 'of- one year,, expired on
the 31st of March last. Up to, that
time the men \vorking in -the shaft
mine had not, been organized. The
company at. all times using every
means in.its power to keep the-men
out of the Frank Local, and to.this
end had signed an agreement with
them, under which they' hoped to operate in the event' of no agreement
being arrived at between the company
and ourselves. '" "
_____XJTr_.lrlT*i rr ___tlift_****__rii'i_r*?_r*_./I r_i_r\ £n■**«___ _■.__*•*_ nntn..
 IIUI U1£S—Uvl-vV.C'vUUU—OU—X Cl JL "j" 1* lit? -■-Wili*-
pany insisted on the local agreeing "to
certain reductions . and concessions
from which,they would not move," and
on the first-of April the ,men at the
old mine suspended work, which action was followed shortly after "by
the men employed at the shaft mine
joining the local.-as well as joining iri
the fight against'the company. The
suspension lasted,', for a period of six
weeks, when largely through the efforts of Mr.' I„ G. S. Van Wart, of
Calgary, who was'-."chairman of the
board applied for by the company, under the Industrial Disputes and Investigation Act, a settlement was arrived
at and work was resumed. * Tho gront-
est stumbling block was the prlcos in
pillar work, the compnny insisting on
reducing, ncting undoubtedly In this■
matter on the ndvlco of other opera-
torn who aro directly intorost od nnd
had it not been for theso I do not
think the suspension would havo lasted nearly so long, My reason for
bringing this to your attention Is to
point out, that tho operators lost no
opportunity In tho fight for the differential, nnd, as wp will, In tho near
futuro bo called upon to enter Into
negotiations with tho oporators, this
Convontlon should lay down n policy
to bo strictly followed, leaving nothing regnrdlng this mattor at tho discretional tho Scale Commltteo,
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
I wns Instructed by tho Exocutlvo
Bonrd to attend tho Annual Convontlon
of tho nbovo whloh wns hold In the
cltloH of Port Arthur and Port William, as a dologato representing District No. 18, and with thiB ond in
view, procured credentials from Local
No,   ..11, Bollovuo.
It will ho romomborod that at our
Inst Annual Convontlon It. was decided
that, wo should not nfflllato with that
body, but the International, acting In
accordance wllh cortaln resolutions ro
the American and State Federations
of Labor that woro paused at llio Annual Convontlon hold In IndlannpollH
In Jon,, Iflin, docldod to nfflllato us
with lho TrndoH and I.nbor Congress
nnd pay tlm por cnpltn Inx direct from
honilaunrtcrs. Wlillo tho United Mlno
Workors nro tdmwn In tho financial
stntcmont of the Congress to linvo the
lnrgnst nffillntod momborshlp of nny
organization, I waB tho only dologato
representing thom, Bro. McNnbn, of
Lothbrldgo, bolng a delegnto from tho
Lothbrldgo Trndos nnd Lnbor Council.
Tlio purposo of tho congross soems,
nt loonl among tho members of our
own organization, fn ho littlo under-
stood, but tlio preamble to tho con-
otlfntlnn    -ii'MM,      T     Xxti'f,     oKnnhiMl
thoroughly nxplnlns this.
Tho pronmblo is na follows:
"Whereas It Is expedient that an
organization he effc-ct-frd for the purposo of promoting legislation in tho
Interest of organized labor In tho
TV..    I    I. .   n        ,  1 .      .,...*..+   ,.,.
. .li... _.,.'.__,   ,,,«   w.^.b_,U..^.^.,   W*,^ ,.i..',l,'-   lii-    ti>
resolved that  wo, tho representatives of organized labor In the Dominion of Cnnndn, nsaomblcd In con*
vention. form ourselves" Into n body
to bo known as 'Tho Trado** and
TAhor Congress of Canada' for  tho
purpoio iihovc mw.r.Wtid."
In conducting tha huilness of the
romrr.*.**i« thin wa*    sfrlctlv   adhered
tn, snd the TMornraendatlons for legislation were referred to the varloua ox-
•H-uUves lor iho Dominion  and provinces.     Tlif-if- are all Included In
tho Itoport or xho Proceedings, copies
of uhlt-h laxo bttn s-ant to all our
loi-n.!*., -_•■} i would cotuMcv tf. tmnd*,fl(t-
sary to ro over these In detail.
On the ciuc-'tlon of Immigration tho
Beware'of:,
ns
Sold on the
*,.*>■
Merits of:
Minard's
Liniment
August 6-11.
NO DOUBT ABOUT THE
GENUINENESS  '*''.:_  * \ *■*,* 7
of Munro's Venerable Scotch Whiskey. ■ There's a flavor of "The Blue
ii        *  .
Bells of Scotland", in every glass.
. ,, ,   *
ASK YOUR DEALER
FOR A BOTTLE
so that when your friends or yourself feel like having a' highball you'll
have thereal thing and not a smoke
flavored imitation.
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's   Leading' Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
erial Bank of Canada
*•''... HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO      7
Capital Authorised ...'.$10,000,000.00,.CapitalSubscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital, Paid  Op    $5,575,000       Reserve Fund  .$5,575,000
•• D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
7' BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook," Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and.Victoria. n*
' ,   SAVINGS DEPARTMENT     •'■.*■
.Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.   -*•
FERNIE. BRANCH     .     "-V GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager "
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY,
. Fernie,  B. C.
WILL  BURN  OIL ON  GREAT
:     NORTHERN     ENGINES
Locomotives Will be'.Converted from
' Coal to Oil Burners Next Summer
7____-AdditiQnal_lndu__tria1_Track___to.be
.uilt Irr mediately
By Juno 1, 'according to an announcement made rr'om the Great
Northern   Railway' offices   recently,
every Great Northern locomotive run-
*.
ning In and out of Vancouver will be
burning oil instead "of coal. In pursuance of the decision recently arrived nl. by" the head" officials of the
line preparations are now being made
to construct oil tanks at nil the divisional points'on* the Cascade division
of the Great Northern, and, except' on
somo of tho smaller branch lines, oil
is to bo utilized for fuel on all the
engines.
Three' largo oil tanks are to be constructed here, being , locatod on tho
south side of False .Creok,' noxt the
present Great Northorn coal bunkers.
Plans for tho tanks have beon prepared in Seattle and construction Is to
bo started by March 15. It Is expected that thoy will bo ready for use
somotlnio during tho latter pnrt of
May.,
Tlio locomotives on tho division will
bo sent In turn to Seattlo for tho
changes lu oqulpmont to enable thom
to burn tho now,,*kind of fuol. Tanks
are to bo constructed at Everett, Seattlo and a numbor of other points on
tho  division.
Plans niul specifications havo also
boen prepared for two* additional Industrial tracks which tho Groat Northorn Hnilway Company propose? to construct from tho hond of False Creole
to'Durrard Inlot, ,on Its HKht-of-wny
botwoon Itoymur and lloimdary avenues where tho compnny has already put
down ono track. Work on thoso will
probably ho started In about two
months' tlmo, * It Is stntod thnt sovornl factories nro to bo constructed nlotiR
Uioho trncks.
Mr. K. J. Hums, Vancouver, iinont
for tho company, has just returned
from flonttlo, whoro ho held a conforonco with (llvltilomi) officials,
KContlinaeiJ on V**o »»
Her Secret
Why Sbe Alwayi Looked So Young
■Bvoryone refers to her a* one ot
tho most attractive women In town;
It wasn't her features, for wh la rega-.
lor, they wore not unusual, nut tlio
charm lay In tha hoad of splendid!
vigorous hair that made a verltabU
orown. It had that p-oultar lustre
and the sun gave It an added brilliance
—you  couldii't  lookilat.hir  without
beauty of her hair.
beautlfu she replied that It was no
Wcr*'*_._?<ni'?lsr Pf*>P_»r shampooing, regular eomblnr and the conielJntlo"**
«!« of 1 Irsutone. Bhe admitted it
P"? Jl0). °-_ »_• been In that oondition.
but that iho found Hlrsutona the best
iS1"*.-?1" "V*r «•* '•' tha h»ir.   Tt
>*'Jiin_i'"i.«"_ii"*_,t'*'V'_.j,fc *■*"■"•' »««*s*nea
reeling, and the hatr wa« ao mueh
easier to dreia after Its use. .
in£ a au*h** »* *
_, Tour Nyal Drug Store will chat*.
&t?^&tknr^
cheer-
all
everjc wo.
wan owes It to hir_i«tf*?o try Tt
For Sato and Guaranteed hy
H. C. SUDDABY
Om for each tvwydiy tUm**
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
WELL   DRESSED       .
and well seasoned    is   .every-
'.square foot of lumber   in   our
stock yard. " You , will find all
tlie various "woods used for all
kinds1 of. *" '    .**,.";.   ",   , f- '
BUILDING    PURPOSES   w    '
here, .   Our lumber is all new
stock, and it will stand all sorts
of  weather, .better  than  most
''kinds..."    .7     •■ > •'    '-    ,, ...
Our prices mean a saving for
the individual or contractor wh6'
looks to us for-his building ma-"
terlal.' *■•-,,
OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHERSON   AVE., OPP. Q. N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE *
i
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
" - We have just cleared our summer stock out and now' we are
ready to fit you up for the winter from head to foot. If you are
looking for the future and intend' to save your money purchase
your goods from us. We have just bought,the stock of Mr. James
Haddad and now we are carrying a very large stock of ladies' and
gents' furnishings. Trunks and valises, In fact, everything for
men, women and > children, '    . '
Our $1.25 Sweater Coats have no equal.   Our $1.75 Pen Angle
Undersults have them all beaten.,        /    , *   '      •
Our Suits nre just tho kind you need for style and durability,
We carry a large assortment of Boots and Shoes, the best selec-'
tion that money and brains can buy. -,
KEFOURY  BROS.
Noxt to Wigwam Candy Storo
Noxt lo North-aril Holo
ftO-I
Fernie Opera House
Movi ng
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
Every
Night
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
NORTHERN
HOTEL
W«i. Escliu'ltf, Proprietor
'I
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
atmmf.m^^^fmM^m^m»mmm   I   .   I. inj 111
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Hotel
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay B__E_i
NOTICE
Owing to th* Mlmt nt Coal
Crctk only bslng pirtlilty op-
er*t*d, and th* numb-ir ef tdls
men very \*roe, all werkira
are n^tttt\t4 to ttay tway
trem fertile until furthtr ad*
vlud. D. RBESi
j. %*tre\*ry
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
& CuIIders
Open for nil klniU nf Inmlri'-Hi.
1.. »*i-,.;.. i!..„
Addroii Box 07
Fornio
Mi
KING'S HOTEL
Bar mipplkvl with the lie»t Wliien,
I<JqtiK>r* and Cifter*
D1KINU HOOM   IN  t'-ONKKCriON
W. KILLS,
htp . .
THE. DiaHtlCI UIDOIIB, TiBEllIE, B. q., FEBRUARY 26; 1811.
DistrictNoyyEighteen
cers
■"'(Continued from"page 2) ',
''.congress' has been particularly active,
,*■ At no time have they tried* to stop im-
.'migration, probably realizing that the
1   development of the industrial system
■necessitates the moving of wagework-
era   from! .'--off-set' the * indiscriminate
, immigration* induced by. the mls-fepre-
. sentation of conditions as effecting the
workers of this country to the "workers of Great Britain.  . At the convention' "of the Congress in September,
k1907, it was decided to send an agent
to. Britain with this object, in view,
hnd Bro. \y, R. Trotter' was maintained, for about six months prior,to tho
convention of 1908 /»nd again returned  to. Britain In October, remaining
there July, 1909. . .Smce tbnt time, the
congress has not maintained an agent
but has kept in touch with the* British
.Labor Organizations," and have care-,
fully watched the newspapers that are
used in that country,to promote emigration.     By their efforts they have
probably' been more or less successful In limiting the immigration of skill-
, ed workers from the. British Isles,* but
,,as their efforts are  limited  to.that
country it is doubtful if any, real good
can.be accomplished in that'way while
the work of the emigration agents in
other countries goes '..on- without interruption:,. They also bend their ef-
forts towards having more stringent
regulations  enacted  regarding     this
matters'as well, as ■ having .those already enacted ^strictly enforced.     In
* our own district we are keenly feeling
,the effects of indiscriminate Immigration; and we  should .whenever, possible, aid the; congress in its efforts
to check this.     [ '. ''   '    .
The next','conven ton of the congress
will be held    in    Calgary," Alberta.
■-.- While there were only, five delegates
.for this province we secured, the co.
, operation of /the other western delegation, and succeeded.In bringing the
convention within the bounds. of our'
own district .This will ^Ive an opportunity to all our. locals to be strong-
. ly represented without incurring, any
great expense, arid if we are to derive
any benefit from '* the congress we
should1 not lose this opportunity, of
placing-our .views before it.
The work of the congress was recognized by" the legislative organized
workers; too much of the time of the
congress is, however, '.-taken up* by,
the'discussion.of the systems of taxation, and other matters effecting property, rights, which" are not. matters
. that should concern labor organization
and not* enough.attention is paid to
-those things that concern us directly
as _wage_e__rners_ -	
.1 would suggest that thisConven-
t'i'nn recommends that all locals In- the
district,should bo represented at'the
next convention of the congress .,as
strongly; as possible, and that for the
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A rellabl-9 French regulator;never fails. Those
pills are exceedingly powerful in regulating the
generative; portion of the femalo system. Refuse
all cheap imitations. Dr. de Ysa'i are sold at
Ma box, or three tor 110. Mailed to any address.
Th* Boobell Drug. Co.. St. Catharines, Oiiti
For Sale at  Bleasdell's  Drug  Store.
purpose.of acting in unison aLspecial
committee be appointed from'th!** con;
vention to'draft legislative,matters effecting our interests! which all delegates should be instructed to support.
.  The Disaster at. Bellevue .
-. The worst disaster on record In Alberta* occurred at Bellevue' ori the 9th
day of December, 1910, by. which 31
men lost their lives,, 28 of .these being
members of our organisation*. -Most
of'our members are familiar ./with, the
details ln connection with the disaster
and it would be unnecessary for me to
repeat them,here. The coroner's inquest commenced on Monday, Dec; 19,
the*. Crown being represented...-}. Mr.
Campbell, of MacLeod, assisted by Inspector Stirling; Mr *'Wood, of Edmonton, representing the company, and
Mr. Mackie, of Edmonton, representing
ourselves. During the first days''prof
cecdlngs the foreman of the jury took
objection to, the admission of certain
evidence, claiming only as his duty the
finding of how the men came to their
death,"and refusing to consider,anything .that would be-brought forward to
prove'the.first cause of'the-• disaster.
One of, the. jurymen also stated that ha
was prejudiced in the matter, and under the circumstances did not feel competent to judge. * This resulted in. a
complete* tie-up', and*-' as Mr.,,, Camp-v
bell could not get into'touch wlili-the*
Attorney--",-, aeral, an adjournment' was
ordered until Jan." ?.rd, 19-11." Following the adjournment it • was _ decided
to,apply to Premier Sifton for a commission to.,Investigate-undo** section
49"of tbe-Coal Mines Regulatl'_■_ Act.
and for' this purpose Secretary, Carter
and myself proceeded .to Edmonton,
where, in company with-Mr. H. A.
Mackie and Mr.,C. M; O'Brien, M.L.A.,
we met the Premier on Dec. 2?,rd, We
placed-' our position before him,' requesting thai he appoint a commission
to investigate before the coroner's enquiry wa3 held, t which commission
could place its evidence before the
jury. , This the.premier refused to do,
claiming that.to do so would be an Interference with criminal law, and stating further that a more, thorough Investigation could'- be conducted by a
coroner's jury than by any commission
•We.then interviewed the Attorney-General, Mr. Campbell also being present,
and the matter of discharging the
jury and appointing a new one was
gone into.''-As a result of this, when
the enquiry was reopened on Jan.
3rd, the first jury was'replaced by a
jury ,of, ten,'-who were brought from
the surrounding towns. , * This enquiry
lasted nine days, Mr. James.Ashworth
being the-last witness.      fn  coniiec-
hini. The mines at Bellevue are still
idle, and the company are driving a
rock tunnel from'the,_surface with the
intention of tapping*the old. workings
where the gas is known'to "accumulate,
in order to drain .off! this gas'. This
matter can be dealt/with more fully
in the course of tins' convention, and
I 'would suggest ■ that-* some,, action^ be
taken., to ensure, "a- thorough'1 investigation being made at Bellevue before
the men aie allowed"to return to work.
In conclusion let me" say that ,we
should enter upon* our ** deliberations
here, seriously, realizing the wbrk.,w<J
have in hand, and' hoping that much
lasting good may; be the result to. the
members of our organization.
"Yours fraternally, "        ' *.
.   CLEM   STUBBS.
PAGE THESE
tion with-the findings'of"-.the jury I
may say'that. they appear; to be based
solely" on the evidence ' of', Mr.*, Ashworth, who' declared positively, that
there had been no. explosion of marsh
gas on the occasion of the disaster,
and this in spite of the fact that Mr.
Ashworth had made only a very superficial examination of the mine. The
theory advanced was based mostly on
assumption, and tho fact' that a large
volume of standing gns had been reported In that portion of' the mine
most effected was entirely Ignored by
SECRETARY,- TREASURER'S
ADDRESS ,''"-*■"
To the Delegates' of tlie Eighth Annual .Convention, United Mine Workers of America,   Greeting:.
In accordance with the established^ custom, I herewith submit for your
consideration a brief survey of my
work as your Secretary-Treasurer for
the fiscal year .ending December 31st,
1910, together with a few observations and suggestions that appear to
me to be worthy of your attention.
Financial   Standing   .of   .the   District
It is with much pleasure . that I
am able to report to you that' the' District is, for the* first time since I
became your Secretary-Treasurer, in
a solvent position. As you will see
by the Balance Sheet we had on'the
31st of December a balance of $3,696,65
Fernie Local have not been in a position to pay up. their ' arrears to the
District, but In the month of December made a payment,of<$3000 towards,
the amount owing by them. ' I have
every reason,to,believe that before the
present agreement expires they will be
able, to make such arrangements that
will enable them to clear off their
Indebtedness to the district. If this
expectation is realized, together-with'
tlie present rate of Income,'our bank
balance should, reach considerably
over'?20,000 by , the 31st of March.
As you will ^notice, a large sum has
been turned over to. the "District Ledger" in order to clear off the liabilities which were standing against it,
this action being approved by the District Executive Board at various times,
in view of the fact that should it be
deemed expedient to try to raise a loan
ori*1''same at any' time, the District
would be in a position.,to. negotiate
such loan without ahy difficulty:
Re "District Ledger" . •>
- I have every reason to believe that
the "District Ledger,'.' under the new
management," is on a paying basis.
/• Compensation
.It is with much regret that I have
to report" on the delay of the settlement of many of the compensation
claims of our members, and.more es-
,nRcialIy7i,r!egarding_those-affec-t!ng_the.
dependents' of our deceased foreign-
speaking'brothers. I can assure you
that these .delays.are, not attributable
in the least degree to the District Officials, but are due solely to, the, attitude of the operators in taking advantage of each and every technical
flaw in the Act, in order that ithey
may defeat the fundamental-principles
upon which the Act is based, i.e., as
a guarantee that employees should receive* support when being deprived, by
an.accident, of the means of supporting themselves, or, In the case of a
fatal accident, the assurance to their
dependents of a certain sum of money
as some compensation for the loss of
the breadwinner. : The case of Kruz
versus the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.
has dragged on. from time to time in
the courts. It was finally before the
Supreme Court of.B. C. on the 10th
of January, but the .decision will not
be handed down for some weeks.
There are many cases .both in B,C.
and Alberta pending,' the settlements
of which depend on the outcome of
this particular case It is gratifying, however, to know that the coun-'
seJ—Messrs. Taylor and "Craig—who
have represented the District, have reported from first taking charge of the
case that they, are of the opinion that
it will tbe,1" decided in* our favor. .
"■ In connection wltn this matter, I
have to* report that an arrangement
hns been made with District No. 6,
W. P. M., whereby they have accepted
the responsibility of paying half the
costs that maybe incurred in fighting this question to a successful finish.
There seems to be some misunderstanding amongst several of the Locals
of Alberta as to the proper interpretation of the article which was inserted
in" the District Constitution at thej
last Annual Convention governing, tho
procedure in,the case of contested
claims. , I am of the opinion that if
local secretaries would read the article
carefully, there would be no occasion,
more than probable, however, that
when the secretaries have had the opportunity of becoming more familiar
with the act, that there will be less
difficulty in collecting claims, and consequently there will be less contesting
ones.' j I make this statement' on
the fact that; for the first year or
.two after the Act came into force In
B. C there was practically the same
trouble as tliere Is in 'Alberta at ,this
time. I would recommend that the
constitution be amended so as to provide that the Vice-President or Secretary will make periodical visits to
each camp with a* view-of instructing
local secretaries and adjusting tne
claims with the companies, until at
least such times that the local secretaries have" become, more conversant
in handling these claims; and I would
further advise that the Scale Committee be instructed to embody in
their proposals, when renewing the agreements with the operators, a clause
which will ensure* our members that
these" claims will be met with more
consideration than has been the experience in the p'ast.
Frank Strike '
The suspension of operations at
Frank-during the month of April necessitated the issuing of relief to" the
members of the local.. Arrangements
were made with the local merchants*
to issue supplies, 'and the amount
granted to each member, was. $3.00
plus 15 „per cent, discount that had
been given" by the' merchants, mak*-'
_in^=„—tQta.l=&t=t_•&=ret.si!=v=ll^s--*Qf=*''3.45-
pel• ■ week. Members wives received
$2 per week, each child $1 per week,*
also carrying the same discount in
the case of each member. From the
experience that your District Officials
gained during the distribution of this
relief, and also in the past in similar
cases, it'.would be more satisfactory
to air concerned for you at this time
to make a definite list of rate to govern
on futuro occasions, when the district
may be called upon to Issue supplies,
also to define more clearly' when a
member Is entitled to relief.    The am
ount distributed by the district during
this suspension was
Forty-one'Meat Market $ 173.35
P. Burns and Co:       61.30
A.,V.   Lang    _..'..,' 1162.50
Total
.?1407.15
Re Decoux Case
■Amongst other expenses that the
District have been called upon to bear
is that in the case of Brother Decoux
at .Frank, of course,. is common' knowledge the facts in .connection with
this case; It is, therefore, sufficient
that I should draw your attention,, to
the amount expended in fighting same,
i.e., $1274.50
_,. -       Report of Work
My work' in general has .been to' a
great extent under the supervision of
the President,* which will no doubt be
covered in his report.' Incidentally,
however, I may state tbat during the
past year I-assisted iu'making'an agreement at Corbin, B. C, a contract
for No. 2 seam, Hosmer, and supplementary agreement at No. 3, Coal
Creek. During the' many disputes
that I have had to take up with the
companies in the* Fernio District,
more especially the Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company, these have been eventually satisfactorily adjusted. ' Thore
have been exceptional cases that have
not been settled as satisfactorily as
might be desired, and became matters
for the consideration of the District
Executive Board, and in order to protect the' interests of the' member's of
thisj District, It was decided to make
application for 'a Board under the Industrial Dispute Act. This board
met in Fernie on the 8th inst. and resulted in a unanimous report upon
the several questions involved signed
by the members of the board. This
may not .'meet the approval of many
but under the circumstances I am of
the opinion that our representative
Vice-President. Stubbs was justified ln
agreenig to these findings. It will,
however, be a matter' that, will be
taken up by your Executive Board
and a recommendation regarding these
outstanding grievances placed be/ore
you for your consideration.
Membership
Our membership on January tho lst,
1910 was 4,976; on January the lst,
1911, it"w,as 5,827.-'
. Conclusion. It is with pleasure that
I have to report that I have received
every assistance in carrying out my
duties ,.as' Secretary-Treasurer, and I
wish now "to take this opportunity of
extending to the Local Officers and
Members of our District my appreciation of their co-operation in being able
to fulfil the duties assigned to me, and
through you I desire to extend to,the
members my thanks for the confidence
they have bestowed on'me"by re-electing nie--by'acclamation to "serve another term and wish to further assure
them that my undivided effort, as far
as' I am able,.will be devoted to the
Do You Want
A Home?
Three -20-acre Tracts;' of
which four acres on each
..are improved,-, on Lake
Front and located where
there is good settlement.-
Price per block §1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers".
This is a -chance for anyone
intending' to make a home
for himself at once.
interes£_r~of~our members. ~^—7
., Herewith you will find a ' general
statement of our finances for the year.
Taking, into consideration that your
Locals have been' furnished with a
quarterly report, 1 did not deem it necessary to coverothe same in this instance    r y
.FINANCIAL STATEMENT
Receipts
Amount received for per Cap.
Tax  .,..$ 9393.50
Amount received for Assess* '
ment    ....    3438.30
50 blocks well watered, ex-
_■_ . - •*
- cellent soil, free from rock
and easily, cleared—Three
miles from station.
i
1 • *.     *      .   •
Joe Grafton
.    P.O. Box 48
Fernie       -       B. C.
Amount received for Compen-
' sation Fund .... ....  . 1706.12
Amount received for Defence
Fund       .... 27353.75'
Amount received from other '
sources *    8122.3*^
Amount. received for  goods      15.00
■^^Baiancef"-Jan^ijrt7. r r0"7o75r
Total 52104.80
•*• ■ ,'   -
Expenditure
Officers Salaries & expenses*? 5909.75
Relief 15087.99
"District Ledger"    14654.90
Law Costs    4910.50
i-'rlnting    1011.38
All other expenses 10530.38
•   Total   ....$52104.80
Rheumatism  Cured
;by Fig Pills
Not often do,you hear of a 25c. pre-,
paration.being sold with a guarantee
to cure you; An absolute guarantee
goes with every box of FIG PILLS."
They will cure Rheumatism,-, Backache,
Bladder Trouble, Frequent 'TJrlnatlug,
Burning Sensation, Painful Stitches, ,
Sluggish Liver and all Stomach Trouble. If not, your money back. At all
druggists or mailed on receipt of prlco
by The Fig Pill Co.,, St. Thomas, ,Ont.
How can a man grow rich, except
upon the spoils of* others' labors?—
Froudo.
' '       '" '    - - , ■'
Best   Investment   on   Earth
Is the  Earth  Itself
Homeseekers
Arc you a lioincscokor, or nre you
seeking u mifo and profitable invest-
mont in tlio district oftho futuro, witli
spring tlio wholo yelu- round, soil of in-
oxhaustiblo fortility, crops growing
every month in tho year, ond transpor-
tation at your vory door to tako your
products to all markets; whoro thero is
a.fine ocean harbor, and where grows
everything eatable necessary for tho
country?
THE HEALTHIEST LOCATION
IN THE COUNTRY
"Whore you will got well on tho
climate. *
Whoro medicino is unnecessary.
Where there is plenty of rainfall nnd
heavy clews.
Whore tho cool air from nearby
mountains causes rainfall overy month
in tho yenr, *
Whoro you aro at tho Coast.
Whoro you do not need to (irrigate
V'i * iti B .
*,<..-.«. ,i w». ...c uiu>   titi* uicp  >iavci
■pr.vttt,
Whero the constant sea brezoK make
lifo worth living.
Whoro it rarely freezes.
Where thero aro no winters, eycloncsj'
Where the flower* bloom overy month
in the year.
Where you enn wear tho same kind
of clothes comfortably nil • tho year
round.
Whore** yoti fnrm every monf.li in the
year.
Where you save more thnu you can
make Eastward.
Where Ui* tide of imigration is* rapid*
ly going, ami land values arc rapidly
rising.
Where the land will yield anything
■wp.al to any part oi the country.
Where sunstroke is nerer known.
'.*, ?''„ ',' j'"***.",**
. .,     i': i _,'.
■->    . - . -
. n,
-~r\H
■■',:.■ ■'-**"'
«2>-*-:-
••*_■
*'^V^j^-^T.-J'-.^^'fi ■  *:'** '  ''
■ '.,'7,r*^itfki^*^'''*r*'.  *.  :; .-,
m:mmt^y:^y^
'*,'..r*^>,^**i!£3f''ri.
' *   •Jf'.'-m.        '
____■*£•*_*.',
i«rt*M** *■** *"**" *"*V-*'***>^ill**,»«^*
*•-.■ '*.' . *-•» u
SMALL INVESTORS OPPORTUNITY
Miii'lit-l'.ndiimU-.l; hoii iinml I'l-rliki;
climate ideal; middleman eliminated;
produce from cultivator to customer
without intermediary. The proximity
to tho principal const cities of tho province .iiniikJiw. thc I'i**! poj_ihlo mar*
Ucta. Truua.iiovlati-U fiuililiu* n\wx*
celled.
Apply to Owner
A. CROWSTON
Branch Offlco, Roma Block, Fornio, B. C.
Hoa{fquarters, 1537 Third Ave. VV.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
LOCATION:   in thc midst of mining,
lu-mbf-rms nri'l o'li-r Utr*_;c ituliUrk:*,
which afford lai'KO rcimirierativ-.* cm-
|iloymi>nt to tht* owners of small farms
in the early htagi-s of Iheir development.
TERMS: 10 per cent cash; balance
on terms to suit the purchaser. NO
INTEREST ONf UNPAID BALANCE.
Homeseekers
Where you do not work six months of
oach yenr to keep froni freezing and
'-starving the other six months,
Where vegetation is so strong nncl so
rapid as to astonish any Easterner.
Where five or ten acres put in, fruit
or vegetables, or poultry, will make a
fori u tie,
Where wnter is soft, pure, and plentiful.
Whero rattlesnakes are unknown.
Where you can live in a suinmcr house
Ntirrouinled hy flowers, fruits and ferns,
Where there are practically no taxes,
' Where it is no healthy that people
rarely tlie except, from old age.
Where 11111*_r I rouble. enlm-Hi. hay
fever, nslhinn, bronchitis, rheumatism
and all the ills of variahlc climates are
practically unknown.
Where you will live ten years longer.
Where you work less and obtain
mure than in any other place on enrth.
Where voiir lnnd vielili ciiniMnoiivIv
and freight rates ure nol necessary,
Where tliere is lho best fishing and
hunting.
Where all the indusiries are nearby,
Where great opportunities arc lying
ll'll'llU'llt.
Ki'-T.voi-o buying one of, tlie.se /'iirnis*
nr lols prepare*! t>r the future and old1
age.
Labor is the foundation of wealth,
but without its proceeds invested you
will toil oti lo the cud. Do not miss
tlie opportunity. The only differ*inc
between rii-h and poor is one of in-
■.Ctlli-Tit.
A farm iu the t-ouutry, nnd at the
door •>(' lhe city.
To bi; sold in small parcels- of front ft
to Id acres at terms to suit the pur-
rha.sfr.
I'ra'-ti.'.-ilfy all t!.c wutvr irout i._ a
clam bed nt low tide. >-.-",■■. * --.a
PAGE POUR
THB DISTRICT LEBGER, FERNIE, B..O,,v FEBRUARY 25, 1911.
&Ij* MdttiA Sefegtr
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. - Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates ot* application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work.   Mail orders' receive special attention;
. Address all communications to The District Ledger.
•I
J. W.' BENNETT. Editor.
* x
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
THE U. W. M. A. CONVENTION
WHO   IS   MY    NEIGHBOR?
J*********-
WiJ|IIHIWlJl"i^l
AT the present writing thore are two young
girls, ages 12 and 14 respectively who are inmates of the city gaol charged with-deeds of immorality and warrants i'or ..three citizens have* been
issued which lead to tlieir arrest aiid their examination is engaging the attention of the civic legal
luminaries.   . ,
-'The deplorable conditions resulting in'the apprehension of these two children does not come as a
surprise to any one who lias observed their'deineaii-
or around town, but, having reached its present
stage the full details should bo brought- home' to
every child and parent in the community. *   "
To treat the subject either with indifference or
•by .urging that it'hc hushed up is decidedly a foolish
.course* to pursue, and, to dismiss it with the remark
-"the parents are to blame" may be self-satisfying
'.to our own egotism but-is none the less both coward-
ly-and only partially true.'    -. -     -. ^
Every' man and woman in the country should bear
their share of the burden, of responsibility.- .This
may seem a bold statement, but*we honestly believe
it to be accurate and will endeavor to make our
argument, upon which this statement is' based so
clear that refutation will not' be" possible. .. Eow
many parents are* there who leave their children
totally ignorant of. anything that bears upon * sex
.physiology ? TTow many parents" who when children ask questions which naturally present them-.
selves',tb■ the youthful mind answer.with stereotyped fibs or else tell .them to wait until they grow
older?     The consequences of thus avoiding discus-
T_Toinrtnctr_i5gi^
osity and then enquiries are made of their youthful
companions, who likewise have obtained perverted
notions on these subjects which' it is' the duty of
every parent to..instruct them upon'and in a manner- that -is simple and clear, but' if parents are
ignorant themselves, as is quite frequently, the case,
it should devolve upon the -teachers of the public
schools and it is'of far more importance that sex-
physiology should be ■ taught' than some of the
subjects wliich to-day are .part of thc curriculum
Prudery and Mother Grundyism are the two bale-
• fnl opponents of common sense on this question, and
' thc sooner we throw thein into the limbo of obsole-
t-ism the better it will be for1 the human race.
Dr. Hall, among other advocntes of rational train-
. ing endeavored'to have the subject taught in the
schools of Victoria lo the entrance class and high
school pupils because af that age they would better
grasp' the teaching, but. the ultra-modest of the
capital frowned it down vigorously onough to prevent the adoption of his suggestion.
This same mental obtusenoss and negative morality is to lilame for the unfortunnto circumstances
resulting in two girls of tho tender ago being
placed in durance vile. The excuse that thoy are
innately depraved in no wise exonerates the rest
of ns from being passive parlieipanls in promulgating Ihe ideas* that have led to their undoing, Wo
hnve read with considerable interest the reports
of the opposition to the introduction of poisonous
lymph into tlie physical body and hope the day
is not far distant when the poison injected into
tho social body by lho ostrich tactics of the "unco
Uii.id" will hnve
vaccinationists.
THE Eighth Annual Convention of* District 13
held at Lethbridge has now passed into hiscor.'.
The "many questions brought up and dealt with
are of vital interest'to all members of tho organization and likewise to the communities in which th*".
<t - j
mineworkcrs live, ...  ' _     ,    . "', . '
To the critic who states* that the .working class,
are always wanting higher wages for themselves but
give scant consideration 'of others, we would erdl
attention to .the various items brought up.fqr discussion. * The question of wages is an important
one none can deny, and every individual is anxious
to get as much as he possibly can, but-we find that
one subject which furnished excellent material-for
discussion was tliat of sanitation whicli affects not
only the miners' comforts but the'security of the
entire country. '
Tlie Draegar apparatus to be used for, rescue
work came in for criticism, both favorable-and adverse. Ambulance classes and Draegar' drills. are
beneficial and the knowledge acquired may be extremely useful in emergencies but while not diminish
ing one iota tlw_ importance of knowledge on the
questions mentioned il would be an excellent, plan
to supplement thc lectures by discourses .on sanitation, aiid. hygiene,- to be open to every citizen, both
old and.-young. Ambulance and rescue work are
only needed in cases of emergency when a
knowledge of them is highly beneficial, but attention
to hygienic law and proper sanitation is ever essential and ignorance thereof may cause outbreaks of
epidemics with far more fata Inconsequences than
even a mining disaster. This would afford, nn-op-*
portunity for education of both sexes. ' beginning
with domestic hygiene.ahd studying* those measures,
simple' in themselves" yet but little observed be-'
cause of ignorance,. The-recognition of closer" re-"
lationship between the different bodies of the work-,
ing- class was demonstrated hy the action of tlie
body by affiliating with the United Farmers. ; By
association a better understanding- is' obtained,
whereas aloofness breeds suspicion and a Inck of
appreciation: * Affiliation does, not mean a sacrifice of principle on the part of either but by mutual
discussion of .those subjects,of importance to thc
working class, whether'in firm or mine, education
is obtained'that* otherwise.it would take longer to
acquire. .        * .'■*.."
■The compensation of $10 per .week minimum is
little enough ,, and its advocacy should *,be .convin.
ing proof of the ".fact that the high wages obtained
by the miners is'largely,* a figment of imagination
otherwise a higher 'minimum would have, been "demanded.- **'.-■■-. -•' . - '
* The importance of'continuing thc fight on behalf
of foreign dependents was strongly emphasized and
*•'.-*>*.• ---*.-•*•" _*v* .".*•** *y«*'".*.--\-£y^
.'■■-.%-.'..,.':.'•*.,••■,,*_'-•.'.v..*.*.--.V.*.***- -.-v's *-*■*,_*_ I •_--v.r^
/.»w*.-_
This Genuine Rogers
Orange Spoon FREE
Save 12 "Sunkist" Or.-raee (or
Lemon) wrappers and send them
to us| with 12c to pay charges,
etc., and we will present you wllh
acenuineRo_rersOran_reSpoon,
of beautiful design and highest
Quality. ■ Begin saving wrap
perstoday, Sendl2"Sunklst"
wrappers and 12c for each
additional spoon.
Iaromitti _, plenM.neiidcn._h
when this (.mount in Iw.i tlmn
20o; ou n mounts nbovo £09 vro
I*rofor i*oati_l - noto, nioiK'y
order, oiuri't-sor-lcrorbuuli
dnift,
orange is the most,"
luscious and'healthful
*uit.* -California excels iu
fruit
qualityoforanges. The
best of the California
oranges', are now:
packed in individual
wrappers labeled "Sunkist."   ;"    .-
Five thousand orange farn)
ers ia California do tlieir own
packing, shipping and selling.
.They grade and-select their crop
Wo will bo clad to soml
you coiupli-to lUt, of viilu*
utile l>ro ml urns.   Wo
honor both "Sunkist'
nml "lie.*! Hnll',' wru_i.
pen Ior _,roiuiuuiti,
into-'firsts," "seconds," etc.   Thb
firsts are fancy, tree-ripened, hand-picked,* seedless, fibreless,  thi})-skinned oranges—every indi
vidual orange a berfect specimen of the finest variety ' ]
.of oranges.   They are not only more healthful and
more palatable than other oranges', but they are actually cheaper, for they are nearly all meat and nourishment.
Your dealer sells "Sunkist" Oranges.   Ask for them.
You will know them by the tissue paper wrapper in which each "Sunkist"'Orange is
packed.  On the wrapper note the label,
"Sunkist,,"-   Keep ail tho wrapper*.
They are worth money to you. ■
Best California Lemons
Come in "Sunkist" Wrappers
.. -.1: ij. ■<■ ■
'. *. *.*. ■
Youc
L can judge lemons {>y the "clothes" they wear. <,If
they wear '.Sunkist" wrappers they aro juicy nnd good,
for they are not thick-skinned or pithy. They are just as lino'
as "Sunkist" Oranges, and tlieir wrappers are equally valuable/
'CALIFORNIA FRUIT GROWERS' EXCHANGE
(51) 105 KING ST. EAST, TORONTO, ONT.
THE CANADIAN BANK
QF COMMERCE:
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.6., LL.D., D.C.L:, President, ,     _" ,\
-   ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager * .  *.
CAPITAL; - $.10,000,000-
rest;- $7,000,000
we hope that'this vexatious problem,, suffering the
law's tedious delays, may soon.be brought to a satisfactory conclusion. ' '
The argument advanced that men who .gain
their' livelihood in a country should bring . their
families'is void of cogency for it is pecuniary stress,
that prevents, ancl then to punish innocent ones for
failure to do the.impossible is positively unjust.
Conventions like this nre more potent and* valuable makers of history than the chronological lists' of
kings and'queens, tho details of rapine and murder
cloaked under thc guise of patriotism .with which
children are fed in our public schools,' and in years
to come will he recognized as the real 'fnctors
in promoting that true civilization whicli means
the uplift ment of humanity and the dissemination
of culture, "■'*,*
THE SAYINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
*- of The Canadian Bank of Commerce will receive deposits of $1 and'
upwards, .on which interest is allowed at-current rates. .'There:is no
delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit    Small
deposits are welcomed.  ,.        '•   . 7 ,■•',■      ,234
Accounts may be. opened in the names of two or more persons, to be
.<• operated by any one' of the number, or by the survivor.   A joint account
of this kind-saves expense in establishing the ownership of the money
, after death, and'is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.
FERNIE   BRANCH..' -     "      *".*.' |_.  A.  S.  DACK,   Manager.
i'^j^«»<SS.«3»®&»®a&83»«»£»4B>«'--«ftfi£MM»^«'t<
S! STOVES!
Airtights,  Goal   Burners. Coal
-.a
' V
• ■***.
or. Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.   AGSMEW & CO.,  ELKO
.
WHY THERE IS MORE CRIME IN WINTER
much Inr*.*■'• r nrmy thnn'the tinti-
Let us urge upon every I'lithcr nnd mother who -„titic-t, nf lhe Imnmii compels n resort to dcspei'iiU.
rends thin nrtii-li! to throw off (lie innsk* of self-
•Miinplii'-i'iii-y merely Ikm-hukc tho ko   two   children
nro not thoir progeny nud nsk HioiiisoIvck I lit! f'uos-
i*OII-"
Am I Wholly BlamcloBu?
nml il-'i'p down in Iheir intelligence (hoy hiiikI 'iu--
knowledge the forco ji iui truth nf our contention,
Tlio science known iih ''Eugenic*. ' cnn bo im-
pnrte<! to llio young without outraging the, most do-
Jie.ite. sontiihilitics and it woro, fnr hotter to instruct
youthful minds now Hum bo onjupollod to grieve
over future distress eiiuHpd by the stupid practice
iif diverting lho child's mind inlo olhor and dunger-
■ouh olinnnolri,
TOURING the winter months the problem of un-
■"-** employment is not unknown in Vancouver.
During the summer, n't tempts 1o rob pooplo in tho
streets were not roportod, and probably did not.
occur. Tho pressure of wnnt, no doubt, nccounts
for sovornl of 1 hoso report cd recently—The Western
Cnlholic.
In llu; fnco. of such an iieknowlodgonu'iil lo deny
the accuracy of the mulcrinlistic concoplion of'his-
lory is'fnluous indeed. Tf during Ilie summer*
months nltompls jo rob lho people woro, nol reported wo cnnnol iillrilmlo llio nbslonlion to ethics
or morality, hul hecnuso miilorinf wnnls woro more
onsily procurable, Willi lho ndvotit of winter nnd
Ihc-incrcnscd difficulty to ohlnin llio monns of supplying the mnleriiil uocossnrios lho primordial in-
Dry   Cordwoo'd   ut   $2.25   por
- rc_(_k,-*C.O.D.      ."
Dt-yWood
DMA VINO   1>0*\I*5
Apply, .Wm, Dickhn, Phono 1(1
Fi'i'iiio, ■."■I.O.
mol hods,
THERE IS NO OURFEW BY-LAW
■T"*. I I'll*. I'I hnvo boon ninny observations made ro-
•^ (.at'tlitiK llio non-onforcoinent of thoCurfow bylaw* hut wo lenrn lo our Htirpriso, which will ho
shared hy tlio majority of our renders, thai, this bylaw is an unknown i|imiilily, honco tlio police authorities hnvo uo (limTolioniiry powers in the promise..,
Wo would Ihoroforo advocate Ihe frnmini? of n
Miilabl'o by-law and also tlto appointment of au officer whoso duty it Hhouhl be to attend to ils enforce-
moxD nnd lllrowiuo nxwomi dnliiHiuontu for trniinnv
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
ARE YOU ON THE VOTERS' LIST?
TIM. lime to be prepared for oxorciNiiif? tho right
of suffrage is now, livery individual who does
not i-a xt I lis ballot ln)«*au.sc of his own neglect Iiiih
no one In blame lmt himself.
It mat tern not to what political party lie belongs,
ho ought to sec to it, tlmt. the deprivation of voting
is bocauso of no fault of his.
The snniH priveiMuge of votes enst. throughout
lho country compare*, to tlio number that should
exercise the franchise is an itnliciilion of iniliffer*
enco. Tho struirgU* that resulted iu gaining the
franchise is to-dny C(|tutllod only by tho apathy in
its oxoreiso. ITo who grumbles nt conditions that
lie hn« mndo no effort to alter should begin his criti-
ciHin in the same place as cluirity is supposed to
begin Homo. .
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
amn*> wrrrrim*ittt"irnir nm i i      *"" — ™
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards ancl Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazclwnod Buttermilk
i\
Victoria Avenue
iH     "
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34.
Attention
FfcHNIt OP.HA HOUBE
Tho ..Viiil.. open. House br.n been
newly [minted nncl renovated nnd ttio
iniu>ni,'.<mrnt IihoikI to mnko soma further ()miii:eH fnr tlio lionofit of tliolr
im'I run**. Tlieir iirfiml lilt.lt <.imllty
fllniH un* ntivnrtlnK ct'owiIh uiKlit.ly,
Our Mr. Haynes
requests us
to emphasize
this week
that he has
laid put a
Special Table
of 10c goods
and will be
glad to have
the adies
call and get
bargains
J. D. "QUA9L
Fornlo, B. C.
SHIPMENTS OP BRIGHT NEW GOODS AEE DAILY
.'; v '-- \ '*  -'..;-.,'    •'■:. .-POURING. IN'- '.-•'        ■-'; ;. 7 ;   /
.■     * '   -**'". '*.'-.'•''■'.•■-.. * .* ,* *
/■" .We have .already opened tlie greater; portion of our new .
Spring 'lines. so ; are well' prepared    for all - deiiiaiids.1,.   Our '*
"showing of ,-"Wash Dress Materials _s\particularly; extensive,*
embracing the" very "choicest: both' in Canadian aiid"''imported .
'fabrics':'"'     ■ ■ !'•        •       ''-•'. ■' \"      ,1   7 ■   ....
Scotch Zephyr Ginghams; a material that fears .no lauh-
■ dry;, colors'absolutely reliable; "in real Tartans, 'fancv Plaids
Ia. _ -> il      f *
.'and Stripes aiid-plain colors.-a Variety-3of prices up_to 35c.
Ch&mbrays in Checks, Stripes, Plaids and.plain colors;
the largest assortment.that,jve'have ever shown'.'- •„ .,.'-'
-India   Demities in dainty designs, crossbar organdies in '
handsome Dresden effects; soft Delaines'1-in   pretty Persian   ■
stripes; self colored Mulls and Organdies; White Mercerized
Vesting.'., Bedford Cords and Piques ;'-Linen Suitings in stripes'
and plain colors; Meadow- Bleached Linens- (the correct material for embroidery) Linen Muslins,, etc., etc.
■ Just arrived to-day—-A big range of our. celebrated Eng-.
lish printed Cambrics, colors positively' fast. -.    ,   • " '
Vallenciennesand Torchon Edgings, Insertions.to.match <
Lawn- and-, Mii'slin 'Embroideries ,.in Edgings,'Insertions, and
Allovcrs. .Allover Nets,, tucked, and embroideried ;■'-Figured  *
Allovcr Nets and Laces.- * ■ 7  . ■ - - *        y. -. ,..:■■
•:'--': tk White Wear
Dainty Garments of the most approved cut -- .Coi^et
■ Covers. Night-.Gowns, .Skirts,'Drawers and Combination's, "at
unusually attractive prices:;*     See.our Skirt Drawer,,a garment that''you "will tit once approve of.   • /. ■ --•■
SPECIAL IN CHILDREN'S DRESSES
Good'serviceable Dresses for girls from 3i'to 14 years' at
prices that would* not more than buy the materials.* , ■'
r-y:r\ WOMEN'S COATS AND SUITS.
•'--• ,.;We have still, a^few of these to dispose of .which are how
oii sale at just half, the marked-prices. _  .     .,..-.
The Trites- Wood Co.
Limited
CITIZENS   OF   FERNIE
I Happy New Year to You
}!Mny* Docomber 3.1str 1911 mnrk the closo of the most pros--''
porous yonr In your,history;' wo firmly '.belloyo.lt wllf 'do so' In *
'ours.7-Mal<Q'R''gobd Btnrt.anyway, nnd go to .      '
The 41 Market 60.
for all your voqiili-oinonis tn -Moats, Flsli, Eggs, Buttor, Poultry, *
Choose, Oysters, ole,
SAM GRAHAM,'Manager ' PHONE 41
<Q)4B>4kOflV(B>Cgk <£}(!& Oft dEdOsdB*-: ^CJk<^(^(^ttll(D4IW4CftOkilSV|Q3i4V
C. E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
JEFF
The Jeweler—That's All
Ri&ht on the corner
Electric Lighted
>o***»wocj>aw*»o^_»*4»*»**«^«^
Steam Heated      V
■■        CENTRALUV LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  H.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
*      '   MR8. 8. J ENN I NOB, PROPRIETRESS
Hot and Cold Wator L. A. Mlllt, Manager
LEDGER ADS PAY THE DISTRICT LEDGES, PEBNIB, B. C, FEBRUARY 25, 1911.
PAGE FIVE
t-.r'-y   .-'.: ,*•,' 'y'' . ..     ';   '.-'.',   ■'',-'...,,   .'.-. *.'"'.i'.*"-■  .!"'
___________■ - i^f^^ ^WPMI__P5W __W____*' ,j^^.   afl^n                  @T^^--^___________k    _^_n___                / ™B   ^Hn   ^P ,. __ ^JH         _._        9
*K(l        _______ J-Cfca    '• hH   *: *^ff___l^_________0     ' «S_7 *_____r      ^____*______B ^_n___ti   Jnfflr  _____*&____.                              -_-"-->.--
<     _____»_- __■   .^fc^--* _Hr*«_r    iSsaKr 7   .^bbk^' «™ -*s      * . ?&&__
;..*- '   .     '   "•'-". :  '   . -..-..    '-.             . -. •■*. ' -.     -v   ■" ■  •■       * - '    -   ■
*        '               '""'. ...."'•        ,   ,_  '      '    - .          - • 77    '         '    * "      ',   , '
t***^********^
kkk k*k***********************t(*****
< ♦ ♦.*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ /♦'♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ,     " ■'   " ,      '. ♦
' ♦7      COAL  CREEK   BY   174    ■ -'♦*
♦ "     .■ D -',*: -•■.--•.    ♦
-"♦■■>♦♦♦♦♦•♦ *-*: ♦ -+■ ♦
■'.    Mr. * and' Mrs. ..Baugh* extend their
Mil links to all those gentlemen who so'
kindly lent their n,id on behalf'of their
littlo-boy'\vho was injured last week'
'   in the hoist.. ... .-*  *
- •.   Tho* ambulance- class -eesu'mfed    its
- sessions   on -Wednesday, night in .the
Club Hall. ' A party from Fernie wns
in attendance. - Dr. Corsan delivered
the first lesson and made.a .demonstration. "There were, upwards of "30
present. /Michel look,.out, for your
laurels.
Wm. Simpfion and J. IS.-.'Smith, who
have' boon 'delegates at' the  District
■ Convention in, • Lethbridge .arrived
homo cn Thursday morning,  stating
* that" there had been-a busy time for
all concerned. „ ''   „
-.  Thoro will bo a social evening held
■   In the Club Hall on Saturday night,
"commonclng at 8 o'clock.   .The music
; will be furnished'by the Michel Family Orchestra.,"  Admission 25c'
.We regret! to state .that   our. friend
, "Wm. I-I.- Evans*' is anything but well
-.and wishes lis-to express his..heartfelt gratitude to* Joe'Gratfon' for thc
- excellent cheer both material aud spiri
tual that he furnished on Wednesday.
No "accidents to report this week,
hope this may long continue.
. ■' On Feb. 10th the family of. Mr. and
'.Mrs. 'Carmichael McNey .was increased by the arrival of a son. -* Mother,
and child both doing well, * *. .**. '.
'-.' One of our 'residents is short a dog
'and another citizen is sadder and wiser—and-poorer by-'steen. dollars. , •"'
HILL  ARQUES  FOR-
CONVICT LABOR
In Speech at San Francisco Presents
Fjgures 'to Show  Benefits    ,
♦ ♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦ •»*'<*+* ♦ *
'♦", ' '        -•"'"''   ♦
♦ , CORBIN NOTEfe ,       .    •»
*'♦ •♦
4r By, "Sweet 16."-7,     „,    ♦
♦ ,.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
W.'GusSmith'has been in Spokane
on business, for the last few days..-
- Mr. Robert Strachan" was here • on
Monday on his usual mine inspection.
. The list of entries for the Pioneer.
."Ladies' Favorite'' Selling Plate "(handicap), is as-follows: ■> ■       ' .7. ,
1 Little Jim, aged -.,."' _22p,.lbs
2 Fire "Ball" " "....*,..-.. ..■.7V
3 Berijie _ 7..-', '-*
"Convict labor is one'of ..the' country's greatest assets and should be
used ns such," said Samuel Hill of Seattle; son-in-aw, of J. J.*- Hill, .'the' railroad magnate, in an address 'before
the San Francisco Commonwealth club
a few days ago.      : ,, '
"The way. to build stato highway Is
to utilize convict labor." This has become a settled policy of the state of
Washington, wliich has an advisory
board of" which the members receive
no pny."
Hill is- chairman'of this .board.   *
"The convicts lire happy and contented working on the highways, preferring this to prison,' he, continued.
"Nearly all are discharged,healthy and
reformed."   * *■„'''
.■ "It costs 56 cents a day to,keep each
convict. Each earns $1.87.a day above
his keep and does enough work a mile
over free labor to make another saving" of 13 cents n .day, bringing his
total 'savings to the state to "$2.56 a
day.   -.' ,t '
"He makes another saving of $2.50
a-day for the man who would have to
be hired in his place-to do the work,
making" a total gain from each of
S5.0Q." ','''!
Hill.went-1000-miles.lp deliver this
speech.     : * •
f*********************.*****);**.*
BAD. TEETH-* MEAN   WORSE.
CITIZENS   IF  NOT   REMEDIED
. *  .    .     '  *■       *      I     .
Inspection and Care. of Children's,,
.     " -Teeth   . .,'*' ,*** ■■-•■ ' >;
***■■►■-*»■••■■»■*»-»♦♦■'»-»♦<»<»♦»♦.»♦
♦
* ,♦
BELLEVUE
, A' FINANCIAL FORECAST
Betting:   "5 to 4 Fire' "Ball'
8-to;l
oer.jie'is
•> -        "-' ■
_T i. ______■__»_. t *..__'.*_■_ _T_ j
—_avw\.tu iill",—_l V — lO—_L—XJCHj
a doubtful • starter.' * - ■
Some of* the Corbin exiles paid a
visit' to their' old haunts thfs -week,
notable,vamong them being* Messr. H.
Allan, W. WaiTen and Jack Harris.
Registrar's report for the'week:
Births', Deaths and' Marriages—norio.
Mr. Allan, accountant at the mine
offico, has gone to Spokane for a,.cou-
pio. of weeks on pleasure bent. ,  .
Tom Davis', is aii authority" on
■ bridges, especially, violin bridges.
Bob Moore and Constable McCoosh
were up Installing the now Corbin constable,', Mr, Hughes, In office.
Wo soo from ihe real estate,circulars that a new townsito. has beon
.opened on * tlio G. T. P. . Somebody
ought to toll'Sam lUchards.      ;
Wo are sorry to seo R. 13, Nnliy wiih
his arm In a nljnp-. Wo hopo ho did
not, hurt it that day ho' was working.
Tho Resident Superintendent has "issued a notice to tho offocl. that, any
ono keeping a dog which makes Itsolf
a liuis'inco hy barking' n't night will
nol, rocolvo any reduction In rout on
nccountot' idlo time, Tlio quoslion
Is: What, eoiiRtitutos n iiulsniico? Wo
think tho Corbin school kids' donation vory apt. In a pnpor "All about
Dogs" lie snys: "Somo dogs can do
lots of tricks and pull sleighs, - Those
dogs nro.'all rlnlit*. All lho rest nro
nuisances. Wo feel suro thnt, If Tom
llraco would tako his' Wl'lichostor
speeinl nnd Hliool, thom off Indis'rrliiiln-
nloly IiIh eoiii'l oxpoiiRos would ho paid
by a kmtofn( ooiniuuiilty,
(After which ho mlftlil, pny Fornio
n visit.)
A Special Sale of Chlldron's Dresses
nnd Cont is at, prlcos you enn'l, afford lo
Under the heading, "Labor A 1911
Problem," "The Financial World, a
Wall street publication, -issues " the
prediction that the year 1911* will'be
marked by great labor troubles.-
We reporduce the* article' in full as
follows:,.       ....... *"*
"There cannot, nor,should there be,
any concealment of the fact, that one
of the'most ...serious problems which
will have .to:, be solved in, the-event
that business in 1911 fails to approach
normal proportions,, is. the successful
liquidation ih labor.., Wages and land
values are the two things in which so
far no adjustment"has-.been .made
Business cannot continue to pay high
wages which were,' allowed, .during
prosperous times. In the latter months
of 1910 corporations which have beem
large employers of help have-tried to
economize by reducing-, their, working
fforces^ThIs7i_nDnly^lialf^thVr¥medy"
The upshot,of .such a policy" leads to
but one" outcome, the labor mearket
becomes congested with, idle men who
must have' employment to exist and
feed those dependent upon them. The
competition .for work "will * become so
keen that there will-be constant friction) Well organized unionism,0 will,
in its efforts to maintain the present
scalo of* wages,' put up a stiff fight
against any reduction, although it will
he .battling against an.economic condition which canot. be* resisted. But
wlillo the adjustment*ls proceeding, It
may bo'marred* by ntvlous labor strife
and,. It Is' this possibility wliich far-
sooing^peoplo apprehend for 1911 and
bopo It  may be avoided,','   '
LOYAL .YANKEES-IN  CANADA
llllHH.—MiHfl   lOI.I,]*.!.,
Children of Amorlcnn settlers In
western Canada, though bolng brought
up and educated on foreign soil, af'o
still loyal little -Yankees. Thoy object
strenuous to being compelled to sing
"Rulo Tirllannla," and"tho school au-
UiorllioB In tho Northwost territory
liitvo decided to hood tliolr objection,'
Tho above cutting from tho bpoknno Chronicle, makes one .furiously
to smile, Theso proforvld patriots
who Iinvd dxllod lliomsolvos for rnalor.
Ini reasons will probably* object lo
Cnnndlnn History liocniiRo lt differs ln
rielnllfl nbolu -evonls of tho War'of
liidopoiidoiieo, TIioro lompo*_s in
loiipnls nro vory amusing whon ro-
r-rnrdnd plilloRophlrnlly. on tho othor
hnnd If UrillRh children dwelling In
Hpnknno wero to object, to sing ns at-
lendniitR ,nt the* public school "My
eountry lis nf'thoo" boennflo I hoy did
nnl   eoiiRfder   ll   tliolr   eountry   whnt
28*lt I n hubbub would bo arottsod,
A
2> _C_f T?
, H JZ
High   Cl^ss
-nr* _~*  ir%   r+  _™*
TEPEE
Boarding   House
MFWXQOM&'-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Healed Throughout
R. FAIRCLOUGH, Pr°t?™t°r
COAL CRBEK, B.. C.
- "This city .can't do too much ,to support dental examination in, our schools.
The medical and dental professions
should co-operate and endeavor to look
after the.children's teeth and.thereby
improve their health."
.-Thus spoke Dr. Henry Smith, at'the
meeting of the Medical Association in
the council chamber recently. * ..Particular stress was laid on the Importance, of dental Inspection in • the
schools. Dr. .1-1. 13. Jamison gave a
lengthy address on the subject and
urged that action should be taken at
once following the example set by larger cities in the east. '    *
AskB Support
. "Inspection and care.of school chil-
drens' teeth," wns_ the subject of Dr.
Jamison's address. "We wish to list
the support of the medical,profession
in this great cause." ne said, speaking
for the local dentists.
"Sound teeth and good mouths go
far to promote good citizenship: Defective teeth lead to many' ailments
and disorders'of .the whole system.
Faulty mastication means faulty digestion which causes faulty physical
and mental development and faulty
citizenship. 'It is fair that the youngster should not be handicapped -by
becoming the best, possible, through
a poor masticatory apparatus'"
He referred to'an inspection' Dr.
Dunn'and he had made in the McKay.
Avenue School where condition's of
the children's teeth were somewhat
appalling.   '
■ ', *7;"* Shocking Conditions
'. "In this school which is the oldest*in
the city anil attended by children of
the'wealthy, the conditions - were rather'shocking." he went on. "We examined about 40 pupils ranging in age
from 8.to 10 years. Twenty per ceiit.
of these had ■ received dental atten-
dance; 'and 60 per cent required immediate dental attendance. And many
more required It;* but little could be
..done but let their teeth go.-. Fifty
per cent had abscesses. -Thirty-nine
of the 40 per cent we examined had
either temporary, or permanent teeth
decayed.- ' Just one was" free - from
caries' and.even "his mouth needed attending"1 to.      '   .
."Edmonton's condition in this regard
does^not differ to any' great extent
"from other cities where regular dental
examination is in force, where 79 to
90 per, cent of the children have defective teeth.". ,;
"The famous Dr. Osier said: 'If I
were asked lo say whether more physical deterioration -was produced by
alcohol or by defective teeth I would
unhesitatingly -say defective teeth'
"An experienced man in juvenile
crime said to me recently that the vicious tendencies of children have been
definitely traced to their teeth.::
"Theso two references only emphasize, tho paramount Importance of this
matter." * ,   '
Lack Knowledge
'""In McKay avonuo school .a-large
number of tho chlldron exnmlnod had
tooth brushes, but only a few showed
evidence of It, In fact, many couldn't
tell when'Ihey Inst cleaned their tooth.
Thore *,Is no danger to the onnmol
through' ovorbriishliig. Tho conditions
which prevail in our schools Is duo
largely, to lack of knowledge on tho
pnrt, of the pnronls and children. Tho
city would- bo amply repaid for nny
oxponso thoy go to for tho saving of
denl.nl fooR, I would reeommond thnt
tho school supply drculnrs giving Information on lho subject."
"Defective teoth nffect tho welfare
of children, physically, mentally and
morally," snld Dr. Roberta. Ho gnvo
ninny statistics respecting tho progress oftho denial examination in
eiislorii cities, "An Invosllgntlon ln
BoAlon brought out tho shocking roport thnt 98 por conl. of tho school
children hnvo dofrntlvo leeth, In
otlior cities 00 lo 95 por conl. of tho
Hehopl children nro In tho sninc plight
Oni of 500 oxamlnod In Now York
only ll. children woru rruu from doiitnl
ol'feclH. Lltornluro Hhould bo elrcu
In I od In |..dnionlnii lo enlighten tho
publio on nppnllng condltlniiH In this
-7H.V.
Establish Hospitals
"II dooH'l. mnko nny difference-
wlmllior n child iiIIoihIh to IiIh leelh
—ho noeils lho nttoiillon of tlio donllut
nnyway, Tlio uuohIIoii Ih 'who Hhould
pny fnr (IiIh?11 Somo phlluntliroplBlH
Hliould bo Induced lo ohIiiIiIIhIi denial
ellnlcH, -any In eonneellon with n Iioh-
lillnl, iih In Mon I real, j-inimi hirer-
riKll'ln chlldron in Industrial hcIiooIh
or I'ofoniintorU*.. nro thoro llirough
defective teeth.
"If wo eould oslahllnh dentnl In-
Hpoelloa )n Edmonton what a groat
thing It would bo for the 'mnn not
yoi. grown up,'"
Dr, Hopo roforrod to Dr. Adams'
work In  Toronto In carln*? for tho
tooth  of Hchool  chlldron  living lu
■.iu* bi...no.    «iu »*u*i una iiiiui worKi-d i
priu'llenlly  •unnrnliMpd,   Lul   now  lhe'
entire medical profonnlon  Is aroused |
to tho. fllgnlflrnnco of dentnl InBpoc-|
tion.   "Modlcnl nnd dontnl professions |
In Kdmonton should combine In nn I
erfnrt  to  necuro dentnl  oxitmlnnlinn I
in nun r'ny,'  he nnld.     "Tlio result
would bo fair reaching."
Keep Hustling
Tlr. Dunn, tho modlcnl Inspector In
locnl schools, remnrkrd tlmt ho oxnm-
Inod TiOO chlldron n month nnd that
this monns prnctlcnlly    n    "hurrlod
i iillmjiM." ,:.ti<l  noi. nViholutt*. thnrr-.in-.li-
! n«m
;    Dr. Wrluhl lumaluil M-mlli-itl ll.tulth
j Officer Wliltelnw to tho rlniu.* And
, hnd hlm RonrlriR thoro for uomo time,
Inuding Iilrn for* Ids grent work to.
wfirrli Ennlmry Iniprovenunt* In VA
inontoii.
In  the coiirsn- of n few 'remnrks.
♦
♦''
♦
Miners-are requested to stay
away from  Bellevue as both
mines are closed down       _
,' JAMES BURKE, Sec
pectorattn'g, wisely he meant disposing
of germs tliat migjit tend to destroy
the system. ' It might, be a violation of the law, but'stilldt wasn't a
menace to health nor a bad habit, but
a physiological process.
It is possible tliat the practitioners
and dentists will bring the problem
of dental inspection before the city
council^ urging immediate action.—
Edmonton Journal. *"■..'
PASS
MEN   WANT  ROAD
THROUGH PASS COUNTRY
Bellevue, on Sunday, Feb. 19tli, a resolution was unanimously carried that
the secretary should publish a description of Bro. "Urban Becker, informing all local secretaries not to accept
him' into their locals until such time
as Becker answers tlie charges made
against him by members of the above
locnl:
Description.—Age, about 45; height,
5 feel 9 inches.' weight', 175 lbs.; color
of hair, light; colorot eyes, grey-j na
provaii contro il Lahula, fra i quali in
particolare uno di una doniial Tedesca
la quale pago $20.00-per assicurare lavoro al suo raarito. '
I denari di pareechicasi furono rim-
Lorzati dal Lahula dietrb l'investiga-
zione del comitato della prima' riuu-
or-e.   . - * ■
II Locale.si rivolse dalla compagnia quale rispose se qualcuno dei soci
pot esse proyare che qualcuno degli Ufficiale' avesse accettato denari per av-
.tionality, Lithuanian; Descriptive j vergli dato lavoro,"lo averebbo licenzi-
marks,, has very red eomploxion and I alo quant'anche fosse stato il miglior
brushes his hair straight back from uomo che avesse.
the forehead
Thanking you in anticipation. 1 beg
lo remain,       "-* *
Yours fraternally,
JAMES  BURKE.
Secretary.
MACLEOD—A. delegation "from the
Crow's Nest Pass. consisting of W.
A. Beede, Thomas Fryei*. M. Rosse,
J." Macdonald, Blairmore;,, Alex. Cameron, J. Ouimet. 0; E. S. Whiteside,
manager International Coal Co., Coleman; Harvey Murphy,' Frank; and
_ewls Stockett, Bankhead, interviewed.' purpose,
Premier Sifton here last week in regard to. the construction of a road to
the summit to connect with tlie road on
the-B. C. side of the mountain.
■ Premier Sifton listened to tlie representations of the, delegation in regard
to the benefits that such a road would
be to the mining towns in the Pass
and promised early construction.
' A number of questions relatlng-t'o
the operation,of the, coal mines, and
amendments to the'mining regulations
were' also discussed with Premier
Siftpn.        7    *
SOAP AND WATER MIXTURE
On January ,19th further experi
ments in tlie laying of coal.'dust k'ere
made by Dr. Thornton, in the Armstrong College, Newcastle, Eng.. It
had been anticipated that two representatives of the Lancashire miners
.would journey to Newcastle to witness the.demonstration, but. they were
unable'to attend. * Mr. W. Straker, of
the Northumberland Miners' Association, was present during the experl-
menst arid gave an account of them
to a N.or_th_MalL_rem*e__cntatlve. __Dr._
Tliorntoh's experiments were made,
following-a visit to the scene of the
Pretoria Pit disaster, and consists
of* spraying dust with a mixture of
differing of effects of clear water and
only—the method at present In use in
several of the mines of Durham. 'The
differing 6f effects of clear wtaer and
oi soap and water were demonstrated.
"It was so simple that it was,simply
marvellous," declared Mr Straker. He
explained that Dr. Thornton took two
small trays, containing equal quantities of coal dust from the same piece
of coal. The dust, was* spread evenly
over the trays, and two equal measures of water wore taken, to one of'
which wns added a slight mixture of
soap,. • The two snmplos of liquid
we^*o then applied to tho two trays of
coal dust. "Tho clear water scarcely
ponotrntcd lho dust. It floated on
the ,1op, and oven when It wns stirred
with a stick It wns Impossible to mix
tho wator nnd lho* dust. The other
vessel contnlnlng tho mixture of soap
and water wns then iinod in tho snmo
wny, upon Iho other tray, and,"'Mr.
Strnkor ox pi nlned, "ihe wholo mnss of
dual, wns Instantly nnd completely saturated. Nobody would credit tho effect of tho application unless thoy
hnd seen it, The suggestion, of
courso, Is that, If sonp Is mixed wllh
Iho wntor used for sprinkling In lhe
mlno tho dust, would beconio saturated
whorons lt Is nn absolute lmpoBsIbill
ly to Hiilurnlo it wllh clenr wntor."
"Thnt Is Dr. Thornton's suggestion?"
"It. Is well known Ihnl II Ir ho," whh
Mr, Slrnkor'R* rcmpoiiHo to this Inquiry,
"Evon If you doucho It llio dust would
not ho snlurntcd. Willi the hoiih nnd
wnlor II. Ih saturated nt onco." Thero
was an .iihllUoiinl result., When llio
clenr wntor wiih nrllflciilly dried In
the flrflt trey the dust prnedi-iillv re.
suniod Kh former nlnle—n flno powder,
Hut whoro the soup ndmlxliire hnd
beon used, tho diint was found, lifter
the ilrylnf' proee*-*s, In hnvo adhered to
lhe I ray—-nlinoul like a iIIhIciiip->i'
juiint,—Tho Science and Art of Min-
•np.
<, Secretaries of Locals please note
Dear Sir,—I have lioen requested by
the above Local to nsk, you to publish
the following in the "District Ledger"
and oblige:
Charges had been made against Bro.
Harry Lahula for having- induced men
to hand over to him money for the purpose of securing them jobs.
- After due investigation by the com-,
mittee appointed hy ttie Locator that
it was proved beyond the
shadow of doubt thnt he was guilty.
The committee endeavored to - obtain
from him the name of the official to
whom he had handed lhe money,'-but
they were unsuccessful, There were
over a dozen cases proved against him,'
one in-particular being that of a Ger-
man woman who had paid him $20 to
secure her husband n Job. The money
in several cases was returned by Lahula after,.the investigation committee's first meeting. 7     .'
The Local* endeavored to obtain .the
Company's assistance in the matter,
but were met with the .reply "that if
you fellows can prove that any of our
officials have accepted money from
men in consideration ot being given a
job, I will fire him If he is the best
man we have." .'
. The Committee had 'considerable
trouble in getting the evidence ns the
men concerned* appeared to be in dread
of Lahula, and consequently .were rather loath ,to speak.
■-.. After the; report of the committee
had been adopted il was decided to
give one-- more chpneo of defending
himself, and for1 that purpose it was
adjourned until the'next regular moet-
i"g-irHe*TTvas'presen[',svnen—tll_"ais*-"
cussion on the committee's report was
proceeding, and promised to attend the
next-regular meeting lo defend himself.
He never did so however.
• A resolution was iinnnimou'sly passed on Sunday, Feb. 5th, expelling him
from the Local...
Name: Harry Lahula; age, 36;
height, 5ft. .in.; weight, 150 lbs.; color
of hair, dark; color of'eyes, gray; na-,
tlonallty,'German; distinctive marks,
long moustache, fnco deeply pitted
with small-pox mnrks.
Secretaries of locals please' accept
this'the only intimation.     Tho above!
will also nppear in llio United Mine'
Workers' Journal.    Here ondoth the
first losson.
Lahuln was' oxpollod from Frnnk
Locnl somo years 11150,' biit no stops
wero taken to ndvlso other Locals' of
the fnct. Ho brouulita trnnsfor from
Frnnk Locnl Union dalod July 10, '00,
nnd snme wns received, ns( lt showed
thnt. ho hnd pnld hia duos up lo Juno
30th, 1009.
Hoping  thnt  you will  bo  nble  lo
Insert llils, nnd thai iho nrtlelo may
lio of somo asslslnncolo otho; Locals,
I beg lo remnln,   .
Yours truly,
JAM KB imitKr.,
Secrplriry Local  .31,
IT, M, W. of A.
Ilollovuo, Alta.
On qunlcho tempo coiti-vii. voce cho
11 frnlello Honry Lnhuli., IndticosHo I
hiioI pncHiinl n (.oiiHOiiiiiirgll deniirl no
volovano ossoro kIciii. ill oltenero In-
voro.
Dopo dovuiii liivoiillunzione per
mezzo dl min cnmniliiHloiie noiulnnlu
dnl snprii liiilleiiln tailn -*| vcnnn a'
eonnueenzn die II Ulmln -th vern-
lnonlo rolpcvrile,
II coiiiitutn limine Hlligegno nel mlg.
Hor mezzo p|f>H]h||n por nltorere da lul
11 nome dell  urii-lnlo n| quale cruiHe-i
muiHHO I deiinil. I
Ollre nun dnzzinn fuimio I cusl np-
Dietro il rapporto dal comitato il
quale venne adotlato si delibero' di
concedergll ancora una oportunitn per
diffendersl, "essendo il Lahula presente
alia disc-usione del rapporto fatto dal
comitato. promise di attendere al primo
riunione regolare per 'diffendersl dalle
Non essendosi presentato Domenica
5 Febbraio si delibero unanime che il
sopra nomiu'oto siaespulso dal Locale.
,  JAMES BURKE.     "
Segretatio Locale 431.
Bellevue.
*. '*»--,
Ledger Ads Pay
T. W. DavfiesI
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman,
Alfa.
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Booms
Gave us a call
Luncheons Served Oi
every day from I) a.m. to 11 p.m.
Pork and Beans'Saturday
, SHIP & MacKENZIE
Storo I'hone 123 i.(mH0 Pljone ISO
Coleman
, **   *
Hotel
Wm. Murr
Prop.
T am
agent i'or
"Tiie Pride of Alberta"*
A Flour of which one
trial i.s all that is needed
to prbve its worth.
Try "CHEMO" a breakfast food that is a- food
W. G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest     -     Alta.
JONES
THE   POPULAR  BAKER
Coleman
WHOLESALE  AND   RETAIL
'- DEALER
Special arrangements for
-,* Pontes,   etc
Order your Chrintnui* Cnke early ■
Apply   tor   Price   List
Bread and Cakes shlpoed on*, the
Local for Eastern "Camps
eber's
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
CORRESPONDENCE
\Unnwr, n, V„
(■'eh. 20lli. 1QI1.
•J. W, lleiinell, "DlHti-lel I.ndRor,"
Donr Sir,-—Will ynu iiIeiiH-a neknow*
Inline* tlifoiiKli tlie l,eili.ei* tlin i'eeel|it
of n elieque for Uie iniinunt of $101,!mi
enlleeled from the nfflelnlH nf tlio op
erntluB . ilppnrlmeut ut Honl Creek
•fnlflon for thn Alilort.n.11 Rollof I .mil.
YourH truly, *■'
cdto-nrMn  xxu   Avnti»
Hnerotnry I_o«nl Tlnlnn nml
TriiHteo Alitemon Kiitiil
.1. AilKUH McDoiuiM, Inlo ciuullilftte
lu Uio Iftut election ,wilt_.» to II.
MntlilcHOii uh follow*: "Dear Muthte-
r.tiu—"ion iiiii,.,ni nn »eil lei Am.rn
I.tikco lmvo you rold prows and type.
Ilo Ih linrd up now iuul nil Lukeo'H ml-
vorlinora nro -.rent frlondB of mlno."
—J. A. Mellonnld."
Homo rnt» can Rmell,—Cnlctnon Minor,
BELLEVUE
Ilfll-vno, Altn ,
Fob. 22, JSll.
Mr. .1. W. Henneti, "Itlolric! l^dRrr,"
Pemle. II. C.
Dear Kir.*—-I  l-avn boon  imtrxwio't'
by tho nbovo lne.*i| tn tttik you ro pub |
Hi Ubvt-ll. Ibt* piovtnr-lnk nnnltlM, ln-ilt*h tti« follnwlnir. tn iho l,«»r|**f.r nnd:
rldentnlly mentioned tbnt splttlm? wn*| oblige:
not n l.iul lmblt If done properly. In «.<-.     At tbo resiij.-ir meetlfiu of Lnrnl l,"!l
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
The Allen Players
TONIGHT (FRIDAY)
"Magda"
A companion play to ••Zaza"
Matinee Saturday Afternoon at 2.30
"Out of the Fold"
Farewell Performance Saturday Night
"Hello Biir
Matinee Prices 15 & 25c.      Evening 25, 50 & 75c
t
r,: r*™-zrtir*rr*i«a*a-mfmimmt ;.-**■      ."■
* v.v.
PAGE SIX
THE DISTEIOT' LEDGER, FERNIE, B., C, FEBRUARY 25, 1911.
The Prosperity in the Pass?
Half a Million Distributed Monthly
Amongst a, Comparatively      .
Small Number
After, Paying Grocery and Butcher Bills. Providing Shoes and Rags for the Kiddies, Paying
1 fov Water, Light and Fuel, "Baccy" arid
a New. Calico for Bridget, the Rest
ofthe Big Pay is Put into
Empty Sugar Barrels
In the CellcCrs
"The agreement between the opera-
orts and the coal miners in tho Crow's
Nest Pass district will expire on Mar.
3lst.   It seems to,have given perfect
satisfaction to both contracting part-
*    Ies and *-*will likely' he renewed on the
same basis.     Since   the    agreement
came into .existence there have been
•no industrial troubles," said Mr. C. P.
Hill,'a well-known coal mine operator
to a  representative of  tbe  Province
,   at tho Hotel Vancouver to-day.
"in the coal mining district there
is a higher level of prosperity, nuni-
* bers considered, than in any other
portion of the Dominion. Six collieries in Alberta, on the eastern* slope'
of the Pass, are now producing a
monthly output of 150,000 tons of coal.
This means a payroll of $230,000 mon-
' thly distributed among a population
tion of about seven thousand people,
, men, women and children. West of
■ ' tlie summit In British Columbia th© out
put Is about 270,000 tons monthly,
with a monthly payroll of about $250-
000, distributed among a population
not exceeding nine thousand people. ,If
those figures do not indicate prosperity nothing else can. During the past
three years eleven' branches of .banks
■were established in the district. They^
are doing well."
Mr. Hill was formerly president of
the Hillcrest Coal and Coke Co. Ltd.,
which has   been taken over by a new
corporation  styled , the Hillcrest Collieries Ltd.     The output of the company now amounts to 900 tons' daily.
This "figure will be' greatly increased
'as-soon as the'.company instals ' a
large'plant, in regard to which estimates of cost are now being prepared.
la     '■ The officers in the new enterprise
. ;- ■ include well-known Eastern capitalists,
,**" among them being Messrs.* W. D. Mat-
-     hews, aMlireetor of tbe C. P. R„ To-
 roiito^_frJH.LS_HoU.-P-r_esi_d_enj__pf_ih_e_
.    Royal Bank of Canada*  Mr. CMeredith, broker, Montreal,* and Mr. M. P.
Datis, contractof, Ottawa'.   ".The pre-
" sldent, Mr. C. B. Gordon, Is prominent
'    in Eastern financial circles.     He
WHAT  DIVIDEND  ON   .
'    CROW'S NEST C.
CO.?
Shareholders in the East are Looking
for their Quarterly Donation
Crow's Nest Coal"* Company, shareholders, "who are looking fQi* a quarterly dividend this month -.are beginning
to wonder if they are going to get it.
The company paid 1 per cent last
August and I per cent last November,
and some of-the shareholders .took it
for granted that there would be another thi smonth at the same rate. ■
It has not been decalred yet, however, and it is recollected thatthe
diyidends were not officially termed
quarterly. The company produced in
1910 1,220,000 tons of coal, an increase'
of' 323,000 tons over 1909.—Montreal
Star.
In buying baking powder \
examine the label and take
only a brand shown to be
made with Cream of Tartar,,
is
president of the Dominion Textile .Co.,
Montreal.
Mr. HiH, who is nothing-If not energetic, is down on the coast looking
for investments for a portion of the
fortuno he is credited .with having
made during the past four,years. He
has already made a purchase in Victoria.
'There' are so many tempting investments in Vancouver I dou't know
which to select,1' he said in reply to
a question.
(Bd.—The above interview given by
C. P. Hill; is intended to convey the
impression that conditions along the
Crow's Nest are in the heyday of prosperity, and yet what a different strain
is heard when the mine workers talk
about the wages received being insufficient to more than furnish the barest of necessities, then *we* learn that
dividends are almost unattainable, the
sympathy dodge for the "poor widows
in Holland" or the small investor
whose entire savings of years are involved is called into requisition and
the men are besought in pleading
tones to be reasonable. * To those
who are trying to show the growth
of population as an evidence of prosperity'the figures nine thousand to include all the residents of Coal Creek
Fernie, Hosmer, and,Michel must come
as a surprise'. , Another noteworthy
feature of this interview is that Mr..
C. P. Hill.is credited with having made
his fortune during the past four years,
and it-is during that same period that
he made his solemn statement, about
the meagre-profits obtained from the
Hillcrest Mines compelled-^ him to
urge "a reduction. To" obtain money
by pretending to be blind.lame, deaf
and dumb when in full-possession of
these faculties renders the inpostor
liable to severe punishment, but to
sing in dolorous pilch that the undertaking is not profitable_cpmes under.
COAL   MEN   PLEASED
Reciprocity would  be a  Good  Thing
for the Mines
another category,' viz., ' business
• shrewdness, but the principle Involved is so minutely different that a
powerful microscope would fail to discover it.)
ROYAL COMMISSION ON INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION
Proceedings   During   December   19 '■' 0
, The Royal Commission on Industrial
training and technical education completed their tour of Western Canada
• on December 3, 1910, having since November 1, visited tho following points:
Port Artlius, fo)rt William, Ont,, November 1 and' 2; Winnipeg, Portngo la
Prnlrle and Brandon, Man,, November
3 to 9; Moose Jnw, Regina, Saskatoon,
and Prince Albert, Sack., Novonilor
■ 10 to 15; Edmonton and' Strulhcona,
Cnlgary, Lethbridge nntl Medicine Hat,
Altn,, November 17 to 23, Fornio, Nelson, Vornon, Nnnnlmo, Vnncouvor and
Victoria, II. C, November 21 lo December .1.     Tlio commission dividod fov
part of British Coliii.ll.ln, Dr. Bryco and
Mr. Forsyth visiting Fornio, Nolson
nml Vornon, nnd Dr Robort son (olmlr-
mnn), Hon, Mr. Armstrong, Mohsiu
Murray nnd Simpson finishing Cnlgary
Lothbrldgo nnd Medicino Hat on the
hiiiiio dntcK, the bnlniico of tlio Cium*
illiin tour being tuken by tho united
ComtnltiHlon,
Kvorywhoro Ihero wiib hearty npprovnl of the olijccti. nl' tlio CommlHHii'ti,
nnd co-oiicnitloii In Its. work by ro-
liroM-ntntlviH or provincial ginvni-
nionlK, Hchool iiiithoi'itli.n',' iniinli'lpdll-
Don, iniiiiiil'iicliii'oi'.s, nnd organized In*
liiiur.
On the C(iiiip|i.tloii nf„tlio Wonter»
lllnornry, iih nliovo, the ('(iiiiiiiIhhIoii
prneroriod lo I'oiiliind, Orou'in, whero
i. Hplondld lo-'C'iHloii wiih ihtoi.|->i1 by
tlm mayor, Chamber nf f (mini'-m., tbo
What Has Dandruff Got To
Do With Baldness ?
Tou   (tea   th«   itut«m«nt   «vory   day
that the on* onu.e of baldness li dttn-
■•Sniff.   Uut t_ UT
.    Truo, dandruff ofton
aei.arturo of tho hair.
It  li equAll.'  true
mon   with  a -shock  o.       ,__,  	
hardly pull a comb throiiffJi, who hnvo
curried around a dandruff laden collar
a* long ■» you havo known thom,
precedes   tho
-.._.• _--,--  that vou know
•n. with  a "hook,.of  hair you  can
__     .      Wilt    _b *-_,*_> i-f
'Dahy'd whnno
wait kept aa clean ai &
1)1*1.       ICI,...     J,_.Jt..'    illlLi.iil,,^,
That ilnnflruit tnlk sounds -well and   llrltnln   nnd   Ireland
convince a good many of ui, but lot
u* not fool ounelves. I
Of courso dandriirc isn't a Kood thing
to entry around, but It la* only an Indication.
(Jho  nnmti  trouljle   that   ciiu»e»  th«
druR, ao itmy6u'aii'*i\heMeauae^and ,    ,   ,      ,     , ■   ,
of hair, you will atop , r-rtlHwifin In nlmjily In curry on nn
Commercial Club, and Board of' Education pf that city. The publicity thus
given to the work of* the Commission
proved an excellent introduction to
other American cities, ,in several of
whicli the leading newspapers gave
prominence to the mission of the Canadian visitors.
The following points' In the United
States wero visited by various members of the Commission, who divided
into threo sections In order to cover
the largest amount of territory with
the groatost economy of time and money; San Francisco, Berkeley (University of California), Pnlo Alto (Leland
Stanford, Jutilor.jUniverslty) Santa Fe
Salt Lako City, Denver, Kansas City,
Mo„ Columbia. Mo. (Missouri University), St. Louis (Washington University, The--University Mamml Training
School, tho Soldnn High School, and
the Flold Oniric School), Cincinnati,
Tndlannpollq, Detroit. M.u-h vnlunblo
Information nnd numonns official do
cuijienlfl wore collected on this Amorlcnn tour. , At Columbia, St.' Louis and
Salt Lnko City the chnlrmnn and secretary hnd opportunities of speaking
to odiicntlonnl audioncos on tho worlc
of the Commission,
The Cnnndlnn tour will bo.completed hy visits to the following points:
.Jnnunry 10-18, Ottawa; sessions for
testimony, nnd propifrlng summary of
work lo dnlo; January 10*21, Toronto,
Jnnunry 2.1-21 Rnult Slo. Murlo; Jnnunry 2'i, Fobruary II, Province of Qui-
hoc, Monlron! (Including MnlHoiineuvo
nnd Vnllnyflold) Tliroo III vers; Onind
.Moro nnd Slmwliilgnn, Sorol, St. Tlyn*
ciiillio, Nhorbronke.
On iho complollnji of UiIh Hliipniry
l lm ■ ('oiiuiiIhhIiiii will have eovornd
nbout 100 ell Ion nnd (owns nnd takon
lho Hworn testimony of soiun |,fi00
wllnoHsoH, rcprpsi'iillng ovory grndo of
snr-loty—Dopiily .inlnlHlorH nf l-Jdiicn
(Inn, Hclinnl liisppefor*--, inniiufnoiiirorH,
Hii|io|.|nti"ndi>iitH nml foremen of fnc
tot-Inn, minors, flHhornioii, lumber mon,
farmers. Joimioymun In nil trndos, odu
nitloiuil Hpt>Hitl|Hln, tenpherH of Mnnu*
nl Trnlnlmr nnd DoiiiphiIp gelonrc,
roprcHPiifiitlvps nf Womi'ii's Councils
mayors, itldormen, rlinlrnicn nud mem
liprs of bimnls of education, high nnd
publio Hf-lionl lonohoiH from (ho high
i'.*>l rnnk lo llio humblest tonohc-r of
llio one-room i-iir.il noIiooI,,
About thr**end of Februnry tlio Com
It IIIH.
-.-. .....      ,.«..     ,1,..,     ,_/.      .aI,.,!,!,.,    ?>|J_   ,.._(_'■-_.
I'lH-rnvlmntplv   ,«.<-,  Tun-Mr,*-   \\\   r.vont
ono   month   In
I'nincc, one mouth In (iormny. nml ono
month rili Moil among din t-iniiller coun-
tiles, Kwll/prlund, HoIkIiiih,   Denmark
Holland, elf.,
.■inniMi|.'ii ini. unKiiiiii ni ini" Trunin.
i'lulry, It Ih f;rntlfyin.r to note tlmf Dw.
"In my opinion reciprocity would be
a good thing for the miners and for
the mine operators of Western Canada,-* said John ' Brown, * manager of
Hillcrest Collieries, Ltd., to The Albertan last night." *"With.reciprocity
there will come much larger markets
for Canadian coke and coal than there
now are. I say this because by,the
proposed removal of the duty on coke
and the proposed lowering of the tariff
on coal, more of both will be sent, into
the States". We ship half of our production from' Hillcrest mine into Spokane and all the other, mines hi the
West have a large market for coke
and coal on the other side. * A removal of duty on coal would especially
help the mines in the Lethbridge district for the' reason that there is better
connection with the States from there
than from the' mines In the Crow's
Nest- Pass,- ,
Need to Encourage Trade with U.' S.
, "You see," proceeded , Mr. Brown,
"the way it is now, we have a surplus of coke and coal for scale and'we
have to take it across the line to find
a market. At the present stage Canada is not developed sufficiently to
take all the supply we get out, and as
it is' we are compelled to Close down
sometimes owing to having a big supply on hand. I say again that the reciprocity would alter these "conditions
and would benefit the miners and all
others interested in tne mines. Lethbridge, is considering "opening' up - a
number of new mines, and reciprocity,
as far as coal is concerned, will be
welcomed there. Free trade'will develop mining, farming and lumbering
in. both .countries,  and  Canada  will'
get the greatest "benefit" from the re"
moval of the tariff."
Ed.—We Bope that the opinion of
Mr. John Brown will be shared by the
rest of the operators and that they
may give concrete proof thereof in
so far as the miners are concerned
when the opportunity presents itself
in the near future.)
DISCIPLES  OF  LOVE  AND  LUCRE
CREAM
Baring Powder
A pure, wholesome, reliable Grape
Cream bt Tartar Baking Powder.
Improves the flavor and adds
to the healthiulness ol the food.
No Alum—No Lime Phosphate
'.. o '   ;
Both Reduce the Healthiulness
of the Food.
•• I am qui!c positive that tbe use ol alum baking
powder should be condemned."
—Prof. Vaughan, Umvertity of Michigan.
Read tho Lahol and rememb&r that:
"Alum, sodlnm alum* basic aluminum sulphate*
sulphate ol aluminum, all mean the same thing —
namely. BURNT ALVM."-Kotutu State Board cf Health.   „._
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D. D. S.
DENTIST.
*. -    - '   "  '     i
*•".- Offir-tj; Johnson-Faulkner Blocl.
Hours 9-12; i-6;   * "    *   PhoD9 72
•"•rnie
B.C:
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
r" '       -'   7 '    '.■'*." '". *',
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
i   * - . -       -    ,     *,,"./,
..Hours 9 toQlj,2 to'5; 6 tq..8.,- ■
*  " *" - ,i **• "*    *■    V-i '
• Residence 21 Viotoria Avo. "
,W. R. Ross K. C.       .     •    W. S. Lane
ROSS &  LANE "i.
Barristers and Solicitors,
Fernie, 8. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E.'McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street
Fernie B. C,
THE CAUSE OF POVERTY
"What*' makes  poverty?" Why,-
ages since, strong men.of this world
reached out their hands and captured
the earth and they owned it and the
poor were their slaves, they took what
was left. Down to the present time-
this state has continued ;the powerful, have taken all the coal and all the
iron that Nature has stored up in the
earth; they have taken the great forests and appropriated these-to themselves. "'J' .   5
They have taken the shores of our
rivers .and  tho shores of our  lakes
 1 i.1. r.1. A1.___. = A. fi _*11_.__<S_n_. Jl*. ___",_._
have all the means of production and
distribution. They have the great
highways of commerce and the great
mass of mankind,, tho poor, the de-*
spoiled, have nothing* to do but to sell
their'labor and their lives to anyone
They clutch at each other's throat
for a porr chance to' live. They don't
own the eartli,' ' They own no share
of the- coal that Is underneath the
earth.
The steel trust owns all the ore and
the poor have none; thoy own no Interests in the forests or in the land
All they can do is-to look for a job and
take such * pay as the employer, the
monopolist, sees fit to give,
Thero never lias been but one way
to abolish poverty in this old woHd of
ours, and I don't speak of my opinions
alone, but I speak tho opinions of every
political economist who haa over cared for tho working man; every ono of
them. , You can't mako, the poor man
rich unless you abolish tho monopoly
of the earth that Is now In tho hands
of a fow, ""   **■
Until you orgnnlzo society nnd Industry so that tho poorest child Just
Cupid will have to work overtime if
the project of Mr. Thomas Howell,
of the C.„N. R. be successful. This
gentleman,Is at preesnt on a wholesale matrimonial mission using more
up-to-date methods than was omployed with the Sabine women. He will
try to Intorest 5,000 English women
to come to Canada for tho purposo of
finding husbands. Incidentally, of
course, thore will* bo the Increased
volume of business with Its attendant
profit to his employers, This trans-
action miiBt give, the quietus to any notions still lingering In tho minds of tho
poetically Inclined about marriage being mado ln heaven as It is purely a
commercial  triinsnetion  nnd  another
corrobatlon of th'o contention of the \ born on tho onrth shall havo tho same
"materlnllstlc conception of history. I horitngo ns the richest who comes
Fred Salter Is acting In a similar! upon tho oarth in tho samo way, until
cnpnclty on bohnlf of the flrnnd Trunk nil havo a common horitngo and a liko
Railway, Thoro Is another foaturo > right, until that timo comes thoro will
connected with thiB schomo and tlmt, bo the rich nnd there will bo tho poor.
Is one tliat Hhould glndden'tho hearts \ Havo you lookod back at tho history
of tho SufffrngottoH, and ticklo tho of workingmen? If you do you will
vanity of thoso supporters of sox-opu- tltxd thnt ono hundred and fifty years
nllty, as wo learn Hint tho fioa captain '.ko in England and alovcr Contln-
will hnvo a "hIio" captain to bo known , ontnl Europe ho was a. slavo. Ho was
not. as lho nlitp's husband, as this Ulio \ bought nnd sold with tho land, Ilo
w.o bollovo Is boHtowcd upon tho bo*' wro ono garment, If you could call lt
sun, but a ship's mol hor who will tnko n garment.- Ills food wna of tho
unl'ji'b direct ft om tho skipper and coarescst. He had 'no luxuries,
ho rated (nnt by hlm) but, noxt. to hlm, i Dnl gnidunlly tlio light bognn to
rnnnlonilont In glorious uniform of a diiwn In lho minds of thoso tollers,
special design wllh throo gold braid, nnd thoy organized thoniBolvos Into
rlngH on tlio sloovo, Wo woiild nlso .guilds nnd trndo unions, and thoy mot
suggest thnl by royal grant sho may,'" tlio forests and wnsto jilacon and
bo allowed n <*oiit. of arms coiihIhIIng .formed tlioir milonH.,
or threo Cupids dormant, a reeding;    Tlioy woro sont lo Jnll nud died on
tlio gnllmvH fighting for Iborty; fighting for bottor food, for bottor clothing, short or hours, or something to
drink, for somo littlo of tho luxuries
which tlm rich had always claimed for
HiciiihoIvch; nud you, tlio poor mnn of
to-day, you lmvo profllod by llio bravo
bottio stniMliiiil with tho dollar sign
for u ground dlsplnyod.
CANADIAN CAPITAL ABROAD
Whlli. Cuuiidit Is sntildlig I'r.'Hh cnpltal niiroiul mid Is gelling It. In lnrgo,
'iwiiilltlt-s from l-.iiKliind and Fnuieo, i Ihxld that your ancestors mndo In tlio
Cnundlnn  bunks  nnd  fiiinin lers   nre yonrs gone by.
power
nre
nud
World's Lending Geologists will Tour
Canada In 1013
OTTAWA.—One thousand of the
world's lending gpologlcnl nnd mining
mon wll mako a tour of Canada lu
101.V nnld H. W. Ilrook, director of
geological  survey  recently.
Jr. 1913, tho Intornntlonnl Geological
Congress will nmlco Toronto II,h mooting pjneo.    Tlio main foaturo of tlio
COII^Iuna    -v. Ml    I.U   Ull   «-\v:«ll 11JUII   UUIII
ff-iji.-l In I'onrt nn wl.lcli mrmVorn w].\
sl/.o up tbo Dominion's mining rosoiir-
good thing In Canndn.     Ho thinks I whoKi or ward nnd onward; if you lock cos nnd tako Impressions on Its goo*
bucking h'ontlly Irnr-iloti
other onlorprlsoH In foreign cuuntrioH,
moro particularly Mexico nnd South
AnuM'lcun Republics, lo sny nothing
of tho (.pneorns In tho United Stntos
which, Ih'using a lot nf OiuuuUim cnpltnl,      Mr,    Rodolpho    Forget,    M.P..
Hi'.-ftB litilt in nil W ioiik tlllll  IIO VOIL't'S j *'**'• Itim ill   It'll  flltUOfy Ul   (Mt;  UUIIIoll
bl-  vcntliiiciit:'  In  the n.>i.j7 _. (..  j...    .'■■"'*  '.I *"V :il 3If jm'""*.,"'*"''' 'n '■'■•(' ,".'''■,
koiih why iiiu-iilior bnnlc would bo n!«1w  nnd  difficult, but ntlU  on  (be
Tho world's goal Is liberty. Thorn
Is not other wny. It has novor yot had
mil llliPily, It has nover had onough
It bus novor bad vory much.
Whnt wo nro hoping for nnd dreaming nf m thnl ronl Whorly will somo
rtuy <01. 0 to this old world of oni-.   U
COAL
ENOUGH FOR ALL
WESTERN CANADA
. An ample supply of ■ coal for railway and other purposes', in all Western Canada is assured for • centuries
to come, according to Mr. Andrew
Laidlaw, a.well-known coal mining
operator of ■ Spokane, who is ' at the
Hotel Vancouver. ,
Mr, Laidlaw arrived recently *.from
Edmonton, where he attended the annual meeting of the' Jasper Park Collieries,", Ltd., owning 10,240, acrest of
coal lands ■ in "Jasper National Park,
in the "foothills of the Rockies, near
the entrance to Yellowhead Pass. "Development work on tho property has.
been in progress since last May. , It
was~uecided~to~instaIi"_a~iarge,*planT
next summer. The-main line of the
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway- .will
run only 375 feet from the main tunnel now being driven on. one of the
coal seams, six of - which, varying
from four and one* half feet to twelve
feet' in ■ thickness, have been * traced
through the claims for' eightmiles.
The rails are-now.laid 'to within
twenty miles of the - mine, and will
reach there next May, with tho completion of a long railway bridge across
the Athabasca River, Tho coal is
described as a high-grade bituminous,
running 27 pe rcent. in fixed carbon)
and being adapted for steaming and
coking purposes.
The group will bo traversed by the
main line of the'Canadian Northern
Railway. Its enjoyment of shlpplnp,
_iclllilc*fi by two transcontinental
roads will tend to eaitsa the output
to be distributed for hundreds of
vanlan coal Ib used on the C\ P. it
ruMn line to v"point two hundred
mi'es wost of WlnnI).o.j.
Mr. Laidlaw. who Is interested in
various coal mining enterprises in the
Slmllknmoon and Crow's Nost Pass
districts, feota confident thnt tho product of tho Jasper Park colllorlos will
bo market In Vancouver as soon ns
tho Canadian Northorn lino reachos
tho coast. Tho topography of tlio
country ensures choa pmlnlng, as tlio
soams traverse tho foothills, thus permitting the driving of tunnels on the
sonms,
Mr. Laidlaw Is prosldont of tlio
company, IiIb follow directors Including Mr. R. P. McLonnnn of this city;
Mr. Jamos Cnrruthers, n Montreal
millionaire grain exporter; Mr, D. C,
Cameron, owning sawmill Interests In
Vancouver, niul Mr. J. L. Coto, of Edmonton, vlco-presldont. Tho superintendent Is Mr. Tl. IT. Morris, M, H.,
who nlso finds a seat on tlioboard,
"fly the mlddlo of noxt summer wo
will bo ln slinpo to mlno fiOO tons
dally. Ilovoopmcnl litis boon in pro-
grpRs nlnco last Mny," snld Mr, Laid*
law lo a ropiesontatlvo of Tho Prov-
Inco.   —Vancouvor Provlnco,
MINING  MEN  COMING
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
-   ATTORNEYS   *
Fernie, B. C.
H. L. BISSONNETTE"
Veterinary Surgeon   ,'
THi FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
* ■*       -  , ■.
A. McDougall, JMgp
Manufacturers of and Dealer, in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
■ i    "* (
ir
Send us your orders
Calls  promptly made,, day or  night
and satisfaction assured '
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P. O. Box. 1126 Phone 882
R. W. McDONALD
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR
325, Fifth Avenue, W.
CALGARY, ALTA.  "■
ROMA HOTEL
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
I     7
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Hendersojl,  Dining Room Mgr
Loans
On   first     class
business and real*
. dentlal property.
DROP  IN   AND TALK THE
MATTER   OVER   WITH   U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
♦«+♦♦+«>+++
Fernie Dairy
FRESH   MILIC
dolivorod    to   all
parts of Mio town
.   8ander« & Verhaest Brother*,
I Proprietors
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ +**
!
FERNIE 0NI0N_DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamntern No.
141. MpoIb ovory Krldny night at
8 p. ni, Mlni-M-B1 union hnll. 3.
Jackson, ProRldont; 13. Marslmm,
Ilocordlnj? Socretnry,
Bartenders' Local No. 014: Mooto 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Gotiplll, Waldorf Hotel.
ROYAL
HO TEI
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help,
Everything:
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
J0H» PODBIELAUCIK, Prop.
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Pornio's Lending Commercial
and'Tourist Houso
,S. F.WALLACE, Prop.
* *.
JOHN B.  WATSON
Chartered Accountant, AsBlgnee, Llq
uidator and Trustee; auditor tc
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALQARY, ALTA.
P. O.  Box 3013
H. H. Depew
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER    AND
CONTRACTOR
P. O: BOX 423,
FERNIE
LIVERY
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal J
for Sale
bottlM,
l-'nr
'T
•mm iho Ion
tftndruiY too.
Thoae who una .Vyol'm Htrn-itone find ;,  .       ,     , , ,   ,
It  the  moat  t-ill-ifuciory  hitir lualor  l"'«*ri'Ht which lum hern stirred np hy
W«WC?bWWa       V,,K";r". '"v-MmnHon hn* ,,1,-endy
■out. « '"'■"""* IrcKiiliiil In doflnlto pi"Of?ros«.     At the
uvwwXwn'^     "r ,n:,r rf ,!i° M',r,•
«___'_'.".!_■*"'* *t~~*'."1' 0,*'t to>° In «prlnVl«r  ,**''*'' ' >*»'*li-'i .-*.. 'hi. ph^liit; iii-ii-niii.'-'-
tin-tit wnn mndo thnt thi** povornmont
"'  .Vuv.i  f!*.'otI,t   had   lu _*■__._. »l   Uu.  cuiiliul
■sniff of iiki Torluil.n. (.fiJI-eiii. in llnll-
fut hy tho   nddltlon of thr-v m-*- pro-
f<r**«s(ir«. nnd  had  nho appointed an
Innp-r-rfor of manual trnlnlni? for that
i provliii-f.     m Chatham, Ont.. shorlly
\%\itor tho visit of the Commlsflon. the
IU>,u.\ ot 'IrftiH* met and dwtd-fa to
or(.nnl7e ovenlnt; clanncs nt onco. and
a,. *-- _._.„_. __.__.__._i_... _.«        .   n*so tf*  V»*h for n tochnlra)  Hchool
One for each w«yd*y|_lm«t m that tr>wn. ub»ur oaxotio.
Wo
N.
ntul   C.it'irnntfoil
e. auoDAey
thero nro Jots of i?ood iiropoaltlona nt
home mid thnt CnniidlnnH Hhould hnvo
fnith en-iim'li In lliclr own -rouiHrv to
jnn uii'lr iwuit-y lu iijciu Insti-ud ol cx-
lict-tliiB* ontaldcra to do It. whilo thoy
flo off lo uomo otlmr |ilnc<? with their
cnpltnl.
Tlm hunk Mr. I-'orf* _ In oj-RiinlzInu In
the natiipio (irmciiilo du Cnnndn. hut
tho word "•.i-neraln" will bo dropped
If u (hiut«*f iim *•<•. t.(.('iirc*d lor onr.
iIotilBnnti'd the manic of Cnnndn. It«
in in* iiu.iiuu.'im. umi «_r thU
ninotiitt I Ik* |i|(.iiioI<t Btati'H that
French fapltnllsii. nrr* willing to put
up 47.5fc.-Ww nnd Canadian* tho hal-
anet-. Mr. ForRut had* tho puhllc to
hPllevo tlmt hlM now hank will *»*t thi*
other hankK a km*, example and that
at* u re*i>lt tkn-r_ w._! nm bo such an
outcry about the tight money market
In • futuro.—(J-rrsH .Service Ilurenu.
Montreal.)
n".-iv Inch to whoro ma-t llmt hcKnn
nnd it looked very holplo*.H, nud look
nl il-" uorld now and you thin., he
■ii.ii fi Afiod dottl.
V\(\'x Htep Ir ninrked *n'lth blood It
hIiiV|/j Dm tolU and t'Oith-'fl of ll-o
hnninn rnre, nnd yet thrmiRli nil tho
world hns Rone on movltiB upward and
every strji hns led by ono hopo and
one drf-nni, nnd thnt. Is tho hopo and
lofty.
MEMOIR NO. 2.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Mootu 2'td nnd -1th Thuraday Minors
Union hull,    I). JUjc.i, So.*!.
■ i.i..i 11„i.
Wo hnvo thla week received n very
Interestlnfl: publication from (he Dopartmont of Mines upon tho Ilodloy
Minim? niBtrlet by Clinrlea Cnnlaell.
It contains 218 pnne,. of rcndliiK mnt.
ter, in copiously llluetrnted by oxrel*
dieitm <i( Uberiy, the dimreM to thejli-tit ptioliiKruvureit mid b; n<i-nmpanl<>d
hearts of men.*—Journal of tho _witch- by flvo bco1orI«.i1   and   topn^rot'Iiical
uu'u'h ruUui. mupti.
we
BUY
FURSrHIDES
HUNTERSf&TRAPPER8fGUIDE.^&
fl***n*.U*a*.*«••(. *Mi«'■♦*<• th*«•«,*««nMrvy/HMi. Ttlt^ml.i*nr*n*m*U in
k-m t Trip wit' tu* r _u, D«_n, Ti»ih. t\*m»!»»». llw» »nl«S.f»V>*lr»(i, u,tl,,W,«.ir«>
tiMifnl it •!«>•.. If. » i»,eul«t rtil'-rfl,'[,Mf« Tun, ft, tuiiir npilmNut, |l ii',. HI,)., i_»iti„l i,lt
»»«tll»l *J***   tM,*K—lt*ttt**ll****.l"*it,.*<m*U**rrtn.lr*lr~tl„tl,   *\.-.**a,
Wi*t*^rumUuwt%Mb4lLMi,tiutm. A*U*mL*anm,a***, il   \jltn**,tlu_"kt*a
,...    ***, rf.fc^i^s'i,
Inat Saturday in each month nt tho
Ledger Office, A. J, Buckley, Sec*
rotary.
Local Fernie No, 17 8. P. of C. Moots
In Minora Union Hall every Sundny
lit 7.*15 p.m. Kveryhody welcome. I),
Paton, SecrotnrV'Treaauror,
Amiloamited Society Carpenters and
Joiner*:—Meet in Minors Hall evory
alternate Thursday at S o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D. J. Evans.
Prealdent; V, H. Shaw, Secretary.
I	
| George Bart
■«V"«II«»*«»«M»
George Barton   ' Phono 78
**************************>
SIN GBR     |i
■ ?
:; MACHINE  CO \:
EWING
:| WM,     BARTON ]:
a   A-_rent   yernle   Branch    t
>
_t Pellatt   Ave.   North \.
**********iHHt ************) I
i
i-
>•
J*
>-
^hurtM*.**. -.■**- ~-av~a**.. 9 ■'5
'2/'
THK DMTSICT LEDGXE, REEKIE, B, C, FEBRUARY 25, 1911.
PAGE SEVEN
The W&ekyS N&wsfori
Our Foreign Brothers;
UPOZORNENIA
Vstatnom sudobhom dome
ydblvanom v ■ Pohdelek dna
16hl Januara , 1911, • Pompei
Cheillf bol dosnani o krades;
miner v Coal Creek a odsu-,
deni ha 3.mesace zalaru tvldy
prace. J:
. AVVISO
'. Nella corte' provlnciale dl
Fornie Gennalo 16, 1911, .fu
i arrestato Pompei Cheilll, per
il latroniggio, del' carrl del
mlnatorl, a No. rB e ' No. 1
Nordo. mlna, Coal Creek. II
quale fu condannato a tre
mesi dl lavoro forsato.  .
WARNING
•i* ,J      .
In the Provincial Court held
at Fernie on Monday, Jan, 16,
1911, Pompei Cheilll was convicted bf the theft of miners;
cars at No. 6 and No. 1 north,
mines, Coal Creek, and sentenced to three months' imprisonment with, hard labor.
Crow's > Nest   Pass, Coal   Co.
podotknul Taft; ie- o: omilostnenle
Warrena bol po2iadan*y,'a'Ze Warren'
riechcel' 2iadost' 6 milost'podpisat'.'to
vysvetl'uje Taft tak, ze Warren chcel
byt' nasilu mart^rom! ,' :
Ovsem skuto&ibst' je'lria. Warren
musel byt' posudeny, pbnevaS je so-
clalistickym redaktorom, ale zaroven
musel byf'aj bmilostheny:'pre nezali;-
ladnosl' ob2aloby.■ Cakali istolse, 2e
Warren bude zobrat' o mllost', ktoru
by. mu boli dali s ponaucenlm, aby sa
v svojej protiyladnej agltacli miernll.
Warren alo. neSlel 2ohrat' — musela
teda prist' mllost' s ponlzujucim odovo-
dnenlm. Tak sa maju veci.-, ■> Zo pbn-
IZujuce odovddnenle presldenta Taftn,
sudr. Warrena od vytknuteho clel'a
nezvratl,' o torn mo2u byt'. panovla uls-
tenl. .Sudr. Warren bol ochotn? vy-
merany mu trest odpykat'. K tomu
ale ho neviedlo iiiadne martyrstvo, k
tomu ho yledlo to presvedCenlo, 2©
nespachal iladnyzlocin, ba ani prlestii-
pok nie.—Rovnost L'udu., .
K  POSODENIU  SODRUHA-. .
' ' WARRENA
IZ .   KONVENCIJE     PREMOGARJEV
\
>     .
!■;■
Cltatel'om Rovnostl L'udu bude,asl
znamy  pripad  sudr.      Warrena,, pre
-ktbrj* bol suden*/ a posuderi^na jeden
rok'do 2alara a na $1,500   .penaZttej
pokuty.     Pripad ten'je v 'kratkostl
nasledujuici..   Ked'* svojho' casu lirad-
nlcl Zapadnej federacle, banikov Moyer, Haywood a Pettibone boll nasllne
. z Colorado da Idaho odvleceni, yrchu-*/
spolkov"!/ sud uznal toto odvle cenle
-rspomenut-i/ch * uradiiikov  za . zakonlte.
Sudr.' Warrena- bol ; s  rozhbdnutim
vrchneho   sudu. spokojnj*,   chcel   ale
vedet', 51 zalcon je" pre ka-Zdeho stejn-y,
Aby sa p torn presvedcil, nechal nat-
laCit.'.po§tovn**?ch listkov, ,na.ktbr*ych
bolo vytlaceno,  ie1 Mb unesie exgu-
vernera Taylora, ktor*y je ob2alovan-f
pre zayrazdenie   guvern6ra   Goebela,
ten obdrM $1000 odmeny.     'A .hned'
sa presyedcil, 2e amer'icke* zakony su
ine  pre  socialistov  a  zase ln-5'.pre
, dembkratov a republikanov, zvlagf su-
, 11' hodne bohati'.   . -   *   *
'-^EoteHerr-prve-listky" bol-'"Warren"
* dal na postu," ked' mu" bolo sdeleno,
. 5.e zaslelanle podobnj'ch listkov je pro-
tlzakorine, "a   zaroven  bola  na  neho
vz'nesena 2alobavpre zneu2ltle poSty.,
Dlho sa tiahla tato 2aloba, tak sa vide-,
lo, 2e Ldo 2aloby tej sa riechco 2ladny
sudca, zaprlahnut'.   Asl o rok a pol
sa do toho predsa zaprlahll,-a y*ysle-
dok toho bol, jako u2 hore spomenuto,
5c sudr,, F. Warren bol pohuden-*/ ,na
jeden rbk do 2alara a nn $1,500 pokuty.
Sudr Warren" prijal tento rusk"*? roz-
audok.s chladnou mysl'ou, a, ackbl'-
vek'mu bolo dane nu srozumemi aby
poXladhl o mllost','sudr, Warren roz-
hodno   odopi-el   tnk   ufihiH','     Sudr.
Warren hovorll—- n to colkom spr.iv-
no, 2o on sa nedopustll 21odnoho zlo-
CIiiu,  ba nnl  prlcatupku, nlo,  on ,sa
lio'cltll vinn;vm, a proto Jlndnu mllost'
nopotrcbovnl. '   To  vo  Washington©
ncocaknvnli. .'  Tam   Ri   mysloll,  my
Wnrrena.posudlmc, aio noncchnme ho
treat si vytrpot', donuLlme'ho, aby nas
ftlndnl o mllost', ktoru mu'* vysoko-
mysol'no  udollmo,      Alo nostnlo  sa
tak, jako si. pnnovla mysloll, Wnrron
,bol ochotny trosl jomu vymorany od-
■  pyknt\ ovfiom ?.o s ostr*ym p'roteslom
protl rozsudku.   A to dohnalo panvo vo
Washliigtono douzkych.    Kod'   nofila
bora k Mohnmodovl, miiBol 1st' Moham-
ed k horo -- Wnrron o mllost' ?,obrat'
odoprol, udolll mu toda proBldont. Taft
mllost' sam od seba, ovftem, Zo s poz-
namkaml; Wurrotia znafino ponlXuJcI*-
' ml, '
Prosldont Tnft omlloslnll Wnrrona
od trosttJ jodnoroCnoho Snlarh, a pon-
nf.ltu pokittu Riili.ll h $1,500 nn $100 s
nnslodujitclm. odovodnonlm: "Kod1 hy
«a Jodnnlo o 2nIobu pro troHtnu urni*
ku prod filntnym sudom, rozsudok
siideu Polloeka mohol by snad' byt'
oftprnvodliion*^ /, ohrndtt mi podvrntn*f
n hozohrndii*? nfiol obJ_nlovnndho, pro
KiiHlelnnlo otnznych doplonlc, Alo I v
tomlo prlpikdo mllno na tns-.nl.'. cl by
bolo mtidrym robll' ohSnlovimemu ro*
klnmti ii iiiipoiiiiihlit.' John mnrnivoHtl
tym, ?,e Jeho plannln bnrlo an voJino.
Joho zlrofitenonll a dive oMalohy y.a-
Hhihujii lon NtiHtrnRlii6hn iihiiiovii. No-
poplernm, ?.o tn, Co Wnrron plfio, no*
fltaju nleklorl Jomu pndohul jndnnl*
Hvcl h til'iibou, nlo it zdnivoHm^ftra*
juroho elovekn vzbudztije Wnrronovn
vfiitrcdnoHt'  odpor,"     K tomu  ofile
Enolndvajseta konvencija .pre'mogar-
ske organizacije* "United. Mine Workers of America'.' v Columbusu, O., se je
zakljuclla' za ■ dnjl cetrtek. ■ ' *'
, .* Pred zakljufikom zborSvanja so, delegare storili §e jedno yeleya2no delo,
ktero je zgodovinskega pomena za
gibanje unijonizma v Amerlkl., ?.e
zadnji teden' smo porocall v "Prole-
tarcu',', da je konvencija v posebni' re-
sblucljl ozlgosala National Civic Federation kot.kapltalisticno organlzacijo',
ktere namen je,'iibijatl delavsko unije.
To'da premogarjem to §e nl bilo dovolj.
Delegat Adolph Germer, socialist,, kteri
je spro2iI gori omenjeno resolucljo, je
1. feb.'-predlozil nov clen kot dodatek
k ustavl organizacije, pb kterem ne
sme noben clan premogarske unije bltl
obenem Clan N. C.*'l. Vsak Clan^se
mora izkljueiti iz unije. bodatek je bll
po veCurni viharni 'debatl * z vedno
sprejet. • Ta, sklep premogarjev,. je
velik udarcc za John' Mltchella, biv-
sega pre,dsednika V: M. W. of A. kteri
je clan N. C. F.* In ima tamkaj nek
uradniSld, posel,, ki mu nese $5,000 na
leto_ Ra'zen Mitchella so pri National Civic Federation tudi Gompers,'
Morrison in ■ veC drugih. delavskih
'vodlj.". . Mitchell'je-nekl-silno je-
zeh nad tern sklepom.premogarjev.ln
§e tlsti dan je' brzojavno prbtestlral
protl novemu dodatku,- tpda vse to nI2
ne.pomaga. . Ako hoce bltl Se nadal-
.nrfimnsfii
■Tnori_r:ou-"
je-5Ian
stopiti od N. C. F., dru'gaCe' bo pa
izkljucen Iz unije, pri kteri je syoje-
Casono 2el * nezasl^eno1' slavo. • Do
sedaj se Se ni lzjavll, kaj bo storll.—
Tako se magcujo nad Mitchellem
njegova dvoobrazna polltlka; mog, je
vedno hotel slu2ltl dvem gospodarjem;.
delavstvu ln kapltalistom. Dolgo Casa
je vlekel premogarje za nos, Iri nilnu-
lo' je doknj let, predn'o so se delavci
spametovall ln z njim obraCunn^ kakor
so je to zgodllo na pravkar zakljuCe-
nem zborovanju v Columbusu, Premogarji blmorall 2e davno povedatl
-Mitchellu v obraz: "Ako ce§ bltl a
nnml;bodl*snmo pri nas; ako neCeS;
pa pojdl h kapltnllslom. Povsod ne
morog bit I." In'prlllkn je sedaj pri-
Sia, da Mitchell pokn2o, all je res tak
prljatolj deliivc'ov kot so Jo vedno
dolnl. Orgnnlzlranl premogrnjl so pa
s tern kornkom doknzall, da se bol-
jlnholj blffSnjo svojcmu rnzrednonut
stallScu;
Na konvoncljl Jo bll tudi Jodon clov-
onskl kandldnt Jakob MiklnV cle Iz
Wlllock, Pa ,.      .    •
l_q.ulpe ne doit durer que le temps
raisonn&blement necessalre et que le
temps total de la remonte he peut ex-
c6der de plus d'une demi-beure celui
de'la descente. .„ "'7.-. . ,.-
-, D'autre part, la duree totale des derogations annuelles est' limitee ,a 90
heures. elle ne pourra* etre"* portee a
150 heures par decision mlnisterielle
qu'en cas de crise economlque due a
la p-Snurle du combustible.
. Enfin, la nouvelle" redaction de lar-
ticle ler enonce les cas dans lesquels
rinfractlon,* personnelle" de l'ouvrier
aux dispositions legales ne^donnera pas
lieu a "contravention, •.*.''..'x ;•>,
,Sur l'artlcle ler" M.-Flaissleres'Va
pr<5sent(5 un amendement limitant a
S.heures indistinctment la journ-Je des
ouvriers , employes dans les tra'vaux
souterralns ,des mlnesl •* ' • **
' D'accord avec lo Gouvernement,. M.
Boudenoot, rapporteur, a demaiideen
ces termes au SiSnat de reppusser 1'-
amendement:
". . . , Par la modification que,nous
vous demandons de voter aujourd'hui,
nous appllquons la journee de.8 heures
a 70 p. c. du personnel, e'est-a-dire aux
ouvriers plqueurs, et, en outre, a*-*ceux
qur sont charges de l'entretien et du
bolsage.
II y aura ensulte une deuxleme catd-
gorle comprenant 23 p. c,des ouvriers
flu fond, c'es,t-a-dire les rouleurs, les
chargeurs et les'-" lilercheurs.** Nous
sommes tombes d'accord avec l'anclen
ministre du travail M. VIvianC et avec
Ie ministre a'ctuel M. Lafferrej sui*
l'absolue;necessity d'une'' distinction,
commandee par la nature des ehoses
et par.la ha.ture-du travail, entre ces
ouvriers „ employes au" roulage ef au
chargemeht,' d'une part.et, d'autre part
les ouvriers employes' a> labatage: Et
en effet, si vous rdduiseza 8 heures la
journee des ouvriers employes au roulage, voiis allez reduire lndlrectement
et necessnlrement la journde" des plqueurs.'..." '-' * . '•*
i. .M.-le ministre du, travail, interven-
ant dans le^ddbat, s'est exprime ainsl:
o '"Messieurs, j'ai' retenu des observa-
tions'de l'honorable M. Flaissieres sa
preoccupation de sauvegarder surtout
les enfants de 'mollis ded'ix-hult ans,
Je puis rassurer*l'honorable senateur;
le Gouvernement est. pa'rfaitemeht
arme.par la loi de 1892, qui lul per-
met d'intervenir en faveur de cette
catdgorie de jeunes mineurs. ■ II ex-
iste des decrets pris en.vertu dc cette
loi;,l'un d'eux, notamment, qui porte
la..date du 13 mal 1893, limlte a 8
heures pour les enfants, la journee au
fond de Ia mine. Dans ces,, conditions, messieurs, je prie l'lionorable M,
Flaissieres de ne pas retarder, en in-
slstant en faveur de.son amendement,
le vote de cet,article ler qui realise
un tres reel, un tres grand progres
sur la legislation de 1903."   .   .
L'amendement "de M. Flassleres,
mainte'nu par, son auteur, fut repousse.
L'artlcle 1, ,"e'r/ mis, aux. voix, - fut
aflr-nf-S   *      - .' '. ___.—_— : _
L'article 2. qui ddcide que la loi ne
sera applicable qu'un an apres sa promulgation, jfut adoptd. sans discussion.
La proposition de loi a ete transmlse
a la Chambre des ddputes dans la 2e
sdance dii 25 novembre.
Are You Vdcinated ?
A^mtyWhyNof?
SANITATION AND COMMON
'SENSE   versus   VACCINATION
"Vaccination, is   an   Outrage   and  a
7Gross Interference with'the Liberty
of the  People  in a Land  of Free*
doni."-2-Da'nlei* \Vebster.   -\.   **      '«.
By One "Who Has Had Some."
I do not think Dr. Johnson ever bad
the chance of letting himself loose on
this subject, but one can guess that
he would have been'quite as'fluent
"Daniel."
■ I certainly must say, Mr. Editor,
that the announcement of lhe,Provincial Government's circular that It
is Imperatlvo that all be vaccinated
was something of a shock to me, and
from the talk about town there are
others who share my feelings, whilo
one is lead to gather from your able
article-that even you take exception
to being innoculated with tho pus—
or the lymph of a diseased calf.
There are no doubt many people in
British Columbia who hail from the
old Cathedral City of Gloucester (England) and possibly some "who are not
stranger to the little. Cotswold town
of-Stroud. Now, I make special'mention . of these places,' first * because
Glouecster" was some . years ago
visited with a terrible epidemic of
small pox, and secondly, because
_uroud as It happens ?to be the
home of the Jenner Davies of vaccination fame. '-.' -    *
It is well known to most old country "people the gallant fight that the
town of Stroud put up against vaccination; of the many who were fined,
sent to prison,, had goods distrained,
and, in fact,' persecuted by every possible means to force them to submit
to vaccination., But the Gothamites
broke loose at last, and when ari attempt was made to. sell the goods distrained by auction they just swept the
whole board,-sanding ike police and
auctioneers belter skelter down their,
narrow, streets to seek shelter in their
fort at the foot of the hill.' It was
a bad.half hour for the champions of
vaccination and the police, and * the
canal and brook came* In quite bandy
for' disposing of the fey.' stragglers.
That killed compulsory vaccination In
the Golden Valley; no board of guardians has had: pluck enough to push
the matter beyond a small' fine and
fatherly „ suggestion that "they be
good." ."  "  . ; ■''.<;'
,Now, of course, the "medical1 profes^
MAAK  DE   BEREKENING ZELF
Russen Voor West Canada
CHEZ   LES   MINEURS   FRANCAIS
La loi sur la dur«e du travail dans les
mines au Senat
Victoria, .Feb. 2,—Overeenkomsten
voor de Emlgratle van eon groot aan-
tal Rii3son voor Noord Wost Canada
zijn gemnakt met een stoomboai, Man't
schapplj vardene tusschen Victoria en
het Oosten. Emlgranton worden goz-
ocht ln Slberlo on IJrlmorsk. eh gaan
nam* Calgary om yiin daar naar vor-
schlllendo punten gozondon te wordon.
Dnns la sdanco du 22 Novombro, oat
vonito en discussion nu Sonat, nproa
ddclarotlon do I'lirgenco, In proposition do loi, udoptdo par la Chambre
dos doputds, modlflnnt la ibl du 29
Juin 1905 sur la dureo du trnvnll duns
los mines. Lo toxlo votd par lo Sdnnt
dlfforo do colui votd pnr ln Chnmbro;
II comporto tm cortaln nombro do modifications propofidoB par In Commission
fldnalorlalo ot qui furont ucuoptdOH par
lo flouvornomont,
Los'points sur IcRquoIs portent lo
Clouvornomont nonl los uulvrintH.
I. nrtlelo lor conmiero lo prlnclpo do
Iu Journdo do 8 hoiiron; mnlu 11 spdeifio
quo cotto dtirdo pourrn dtro portdo a
0 bPiiren nu maximum pour lo person.
nel ompiiyd ppdclnlomont mt chargo*
mont ot. nn joiilug-.: qi-iint mix paio
fioiilotfl, r-niiiliictfliii-R do chovntiv, hiii*
velllaiilH, ole, lu dun-o du trnvnll pan.
vant. ddpiiBRor 0 liouroH Horn flxdo par
uno coiihIriio,
II oHt HtlpuliJ quo la doseonto do
Dulzenden Zonder Work
In een vorgatiering' van de Ilande-
laars Veroeniging af govaardlgdo Wor-
rel mnakto bokend dat. er nlot minder
don 20,000 goodo V.'ovkliu zonder work
wnron In Toronto sommlge dor namvo-
zlgen dnchlen dit ovordrovon on go-
volmachtlgon wordon gekozon'om (lit
to ohdorzookor Tclogrammon zullon
nanr alio landon p,o.".ondcn word-
on wannooor nor. vaar mogo ,,i.llj-
kon om zoo mogolljk vcrdero imlgrntio
to voorkomon.
Wlgovor.—Hot. bovonstnnndo Is good
vooiIobqI voor c.onke-'fl, nf hoi mintnl
worklooflon Is julst of niet hot Is zo-
ker dat or dulzomlon zondor wo'.k zijn
Maar to zond hun West was geon
voordoel voor do Bloopi boat Martt*
BchapplJ on hot zou zokor to org zijn
om do nandoolhoudorB vim hun divld-
enton to,-borovcn, Diilzondo work*
looson In hot; Ooston van Canada
KiiBHon Imgovvord ln hot Wostorn Mr
Stownrl. nnar Schotland voor 5,000 nr*
bcldcrfl dit inaakt zclcor volun donkon
wat of do nltkomst mag /,IJn,
List of Locals District 18
NO,
■'I 20
181
„ Ml
2IC3
9«
1378
2<M
2227
S378
2877
2178
2388
3.114
1263
2107
1058
m
1233
2820
2331
9.1M
2589
102
19M
1«
Corrootod by Dlatrlct Sccr otary uji to Novombor 19, 1010.
NAME OEC. AND P. O. ADDRE88.
Ilankhond ....   V, Whoatloy, Dnnkhoad Altn,
ijoavor Creek .. W. Wntnon. Iloavor Crook, via Plnchor.
Jj'oiiovuo  ....... J. Bu:ko, Hollovvio, Frank, Alta,
Ulalrmore Jnmos Turnbu 11, Blalrmoro, Alborta.,
Ilurmla    Thomas Gregory, Burmis, Alta.
Canmoro   J, Noll, Canmoro, AUa,
Coleman     W, Ornhnni,  r,Mpnmnj ,.ji^.
Carbondalo  O. M.- Havlos, Carbondalo, Coloman* Alta.
CardlfC    L. Hucklns, Cardiff, Alta,
Corbin ......... It. Jonou, Corbin, II. C,
Diamond City .. Chnrlco Orban, Diamond City,   L*atbrldK«.
Edmonton     M. Donlo, 434 I^rno ureot, Norwood, Edmonton.
Pernio   '.. Tf. Kdm, Pornl*-!, D. C.
Prank  O. Nicol, Prank, AUa,
Hosmer  J. Ayto, Huumur, ii. C,
Hillcreat   J. u Jonoi, Hlllcroat, Alta,
I^thhrldga  L.   Moore,    P.O.    Box    113, Lethbridge,
Lillo ,.  W. h. Evana, Lillo, Prank. AUa.
Maple I-rflaf .... M. Ollday, Maplo Leaf, Dollovuo, Alto.
Michel M, Ilurrcll, Michel, Ii. C.
P-tMhitrg*    Jno. Dtvvta, PnaabuvK, AlUuU,
Iloyal Colli-Miet. Jfimea McKlnley, Itoynl Colliery, Lethbildfe, AUa,
Tahor  William UuiiroH, Taber, AUa.
Taber  E. Hrown, Taber. Alta.
Monarch Mine,  .  If. \\\ Watlclna, Eican, -Alta,
COLUMHU8, Ohlo,—Nu konwonoyl
gornlkow Jnkn alo tu odbyla przoprow*
ndzono dodntok do koriBtytucyl, zo
cKloonk oi'Bniilzacyl Nntlonnl Civic
Podoratloti nlo mnzo byo czlonldom
unii gof'tilRzoJ, Uchwnlii tn Jost. wy*
mlorzoim praiclw Jolmowl Mltcholl,
ktory tinlnzy do wnpomnlnnoj fodorn*
cyl, oddonoj w zupoluoBcl wlolldo mu
knpltnlowl. Mltcholl mn ohccnlo do
wyboru, albo wystiiplc z Civic l'Ydorn.
cyl lub t, unll gornlczoj. Pentium,
wlenl to przoprowndzlll socynllncl, n
Mltchol oburzyl slo na Initio v. nlm
postopown nlo. (55adon wodii nlgdy
nlo Jobt nlozbodnym, jak tylko zu du*
zo o. soldo mynll nnlozy go tistmac).
wil S   . ttlit *
Vf* titt.r On» Tt«n(1r*<l *n*il|i>m "nr-wnTrt tr,r wt
eua ot uurm tu»t annoi tm curwl by llkll'i
Uitirrh Curo,
r. i, CIIKNKY* CO., ToWo, O,
We. ttia unitenltnnl. hav* blown V. J, Cbi>n«v
ror iim l»*it li j wut*. will Urlievt hlm pcrfMClj* lion*
arAbl* In nil bu*ln«M ir«n«,utlon« and AmiU'lAllir
»1>I« io tatty out *n*/ oMlntton* mad« by lilt Ann.
Natidkai. IUnk or rouMKin-r,
TnlMo  OWn
iXLui* VAUrru dim la luxi.n iniiirimli.', ftctlim
dlrfdly upnn llvt tluod and rou«ou» turlaiv* ef On
•yiwro. tmlmooUlu wnt Itt*. I'tita Hi «tnu per
bottln.  Hn.it tor all UrmtfiH*.
Tak* tUII'i Famllr rilli (or toaitlpatton,
NOTICB
CITV OF PERNIE
NOTICR la hereby, given that NO
DUwmuU on _lfctrlo Light will bo
allowed union payment la received at
thta office on or bofore 4 o'clock pm.
on tho 25th of enrh month
Under no clr-cumitancea will thla
rule'he dfpartM from, and coniiumem
ore requested to Rovorn thomaelvoa ac*
cordlnnly.
Dated at Pemle, February JMh,
191
fl. W. nAftCLAY.
City Clerk
Sloir"wlIl"*tell- you that-tliere was a
sequel to this outrageous treatment
of the servants of law and order, and
that Stroud* was visited with an epidemic of small pox too terrible to dea>
crlb'e. But while this is partly true,
the .most biased partisan of'vaccina-
lion- resident in Gloucestershire, al
the lime knows only too well that the
disease was Introduced from the neighboring town of Gloucester,"and that
while there were several cases, and
the* urban authorities went to tho
expense of providing n isolation'hospital (which the residents promptly attacked and partly demolished) there
was.no.time when the disease was not
hold In check—nnd not by. vaccination.
Hore, as In Gloucester, whero tho
first caso was ■ found In lho* docks,
tho whole cause of tho. Bpread of this
droad disease wns  bud sanitation,
Stroud, with Its surrounding villages
Is ono of the healthiest spots In England, and slnco proper sanitation has
replncod th'o old llsson dvalnngo (nnd
Cnnndlnn authorities enn mako a nolo
of this) tho town nnd Its surrounding
heights havo bocomo an liloal summer
resort,
Now a word ;is to the causo of tho
spread of the epidemic In tho City of
Gloucester. The town' UroK, whicli
dntOB back to tho first Roman Invasion, Ib built In a valley, with tho
River SoVent flowing through It Tho
Severn Is ono of tho two known rlvors
that aro visllod wllh "baron" or spring
tldnl wiivcbJ which Hbo to rt holght of
from five to ton feot. Now, tho ro*
Btilt of UiIb flooding was that owing
to a dofoctlvo fall In tho dralnago of
tho lowor portR of tho City of Gloucon*
tor, tho mud from tho Sovorn wnB
wanhnd'1 back Into the draltifl, Tho
rosult of such a flyfitom of drain was,
nnd it could scarcely ho expected to
bo anything oIho, to brood, dl*
Boaflo—and lt did, lint tho nito'HIon
Ib naturally, nflkod, why was this allowed to oxlst7 And again, I nm
compelled to linked, why do tho iui-
IhorltloH allow pooplo In tlila town or
In nonrly ovory town In llio priili'lr*.
whoro thoy do tint compel thom lo U\\to
wntor from munlclpiilltloH, lo dig wili
olght nnd ton foot deop, uyo nnd ovon
Iobh, and polHon ihnmHolvon nnd others
with Iho filthiest apology for "puro"
wntor? nocnuao, my rrloiul, yon did
It Inst yonr nnd did nnt auffor, and
you will do It ngnln,, until you nro
compelled to do otherwise, And tho
compelling forco la generally ln tho
Hlmpo of typhoid. Ro It wnn with
tho City of Gloucester; otlco tho ovll
wnn romovod, tho dlHonno coiiflod to
trouble thnt. town. True It wn* ox*
pr-notvci   but Xt i*.«.*i tn tin _<•■■_:*•,_., (
Now thnt Ib hint n little "hlBtnry,"1
But ll waa hlHtorlmi llko thin thnt
cuuao llrltlsh Govornmont to rocog*
Mro thnt the people were not fools—,
thnt thoy rend thc opinions of not
only   tho  "locnl   modlcnl, officer of
■*>*•■  _".>,"   ir?;.   ;;....   ,...._,,..   0,.   „Ac*v,,».«*l»3
thom nnd draw hin lee for ro doing,
but tho opinions of unblitncd medical
mon; thoy hnd 00011 tliolr littlo ones
Riiffer, nnd In many casos hnd suffered and woro «UU uufferlng thnmnolv»»«
from the hnrbartijuB arm to ,<rm m-ith*
cd ot v-Krlmitfn**', Their* penpf.-j won* to
jail repeatedly, and in tho ond thoy
necompllahed what thf*y *.uff#»r_>d for
and the conaclentloua objection Acl
was Introduced. Ilut nntl-vnccltin-
trr> wrro not to be let off so ea.lly by
tho modlcnl fellah. The London »tlp-
endnry maglatrntea nrow-heat ovory
tontiti+Tiiitran obJ.*e.tor who came b»-
fori* Ihem. 1h*x' worn not nnltnfied. v/UU
"a conscientious objection," you must
state a "renson for your objection"
they said, and although tho "reason"
was simply the wonU "I bnlleve vaccination to be Injurious to the heaVth
1
ot my 'child," the magistrates were
loath to accept this, and would invariably follow this up with "what
authority" have you, etc." But anti-
vaccjnators 'won out; they had common sense'and figures on.their side,
and so we have the medical authorities
in England to-day claiming that vaccination is not a "guaranteed" prevent ion Jur small pox ,but that persons
who have been vaccinated are subject to a milder form of the disease
and escape severe marking! Now,
trine tlw dodging of the p'i\-*.v;ic-__ia
tionists. In, the, first place we have
vaccination held out as* a positive preventative of small pox,with arm to arm'
vaccination; next, we have abolition
of the arm to arm vaccination, as being "out of dato," or In.other words
positively dangerous to the human
sy.'icni, nnd .as the medical l p.o-
foslnii .find statistics geUi'ig Very
dangerous in support of, their con-
tentlsns, they amend tbem .^accordingly, and say: . "Well, It Is not
actually a preventative but It will
prevent you havel.ng tho disease' In Its
worse,form." What will they say-ten
years hence?
Nearly three centuries ago the black
plague raged in London. . One has
only to read history and somo of the
historical romances that have been
written of that period to * form a
good idea of what was the cause of
the disease'spreading and. what was
the most successful means of combating it. The great Fire 'of London
is admitted by all historians'',to have
been the prime agent in removing-lhe'
dread disease1—the sweeping away of
the alleys and courts-that crowded the
square mile of city—(0 no other agent
can the arrest of this disease be attributed..
The "Saturday Sunset"  gives     us
some interesting figures anent the outbreak, of small-pox in Montreal in,1885.
When the epidemic struck' that city
not"* ten  per cent  of the ."population
was vaccinated.    Yet 1400 of the ten
per, cent  of vaccinated  persons, died
and of the other ninety  per cent of
the population only 1777 persons died
That means that less than -17,000 peo
pie were vaccinated and about,,! 50,000
were unvaccinated.      Out of 150,000
unvaccinated  people  only   377   more
died of small pox than out of 17,000
who were vaccinated.*   In the face.of
such  indisputable  evidence  one  can
well  imagine why the, pro-vaccineist
dodges figures and tell you that it Is
not a preventative,' bu tsaves one from
the disease in its most malignant form.
—;The'r5em"drle¥^o'f'r^accinaUoii are
not among the sweetest to me, for as
a result of that'barbarlous method
of arm to arm vaccination I contracted one of the worst* of-skin diseases-
eczema, and us a consequence came
near losing  a  limb.   Can  one  wonder, after suffering agonies like this,
that, they  are going lo allow  their
children to suffer the same?*   Most
certainly not,     And yet there are go-
verments to think they will foist, this
last surviving medlcnl fetish upon n
free peoplo?   They will not,     What
the peoplo of England did the peoplo
of Canada will do; what was suffered
there will be suffered here, and common  sonso nnd  sanitation   will   prevail. *■
I notice ono reverend gentleman,
at tho coast talks about "six-shooters,'
for my part I favor, a shot gun, as
yon con keep a man busy quito n whilo
picking No. 12 shot from his cnlvcs,
Hut perhapfl the best of nil methods,
should the attack ho carried 10. tlio
houso, would bo a nlco dog, I shall
bo ploasod to give nny roador n fow
lips on tho (ruining of 11 dog for such
purposes; I found this a groat persuader whon tho "locnl medlcnl officer of
hwilth" and tho "vacr-lnnllon offlcor"
got too inquisitive nt Stroud.
GOTHAMITE
Bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
)
Capital Paid Up   ...    .
Reserve and Undivided Profit*
$2,750,000
$3,250,000
$6,000,000
Total Assets
Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, Agent
FERNIE,
ORIGINAL  1854 CHARTER
QUARTERLY DIVIDEND NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that a dividend al the rate
of. SIX. PER CENT per annum has been declared"
upon the paid-up Capital Stock of The Home Bank
of Canada for the three, months ending 28th February, 1911, and the same will be payable at the Head '.
Office or any Branches of The Home Bank of, Canada on and after the Ist March next.,'
The Transfer Books will be closed'from the 15th to»*
the 28th February, 1911, both days inclusive.
By Order of the Board, JAMES MASON,
Toronto, Januaiy 18, 1911 n    General Manager. ,
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor,, Dealer
Dry Goods, .Groceries, Boots and Shoes'
, *     Gents' Furnishings _____ "	
, BAKER   AVENUE,
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
Fernie-Fori Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd, ■
Nowhere In, the Pass can be
found In such  a display of
Meats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef,1 Pork, Mut*
ton, Veal, Poultry,, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Impcrator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welner8 and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone, 56
NOT   WORRIED   BY   POOR   CROPS
IS
Bottled Goods a Specialty
60   YEAR8*
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Desiohs
Copvriohts _c.
JXnrtinti Minting a .ketch nnd doncrlntlnn mat
. ...         'roo wliotlier wi
qillclili* 'iioortnln nur opinion
 itlf- ' " ■*-*
.'onimutilrv
on i'nlanU
MEW:
cy ior «(.oiirliiir
uwh Munn **__ (
chnruo, initio
Scientific Jffittcricatt.
Itivontlon la prolinlily
tioimmrlfltiycoiiililoiii. ____..
•ont froo. (Illicit nu'oncy tor «(.oiirfnif piuoiiu,
I'fitenn tulr.011 throuwh Munn **__ Co. reool
tptttalntitlct, wltt-0.1t chnruo, initio
a liniiOsoumly Uluatrattxl wookly.  I/imont elr-
culnlloo (jf nny m-lomllla .onriml.   'J'.irmH /or
'tanada. $1,78 it yonr, po(itntto propalil.   Hold b*r
II DOWMioalun.
Tho fnrmorfl of CiiiiiiiIii nro not
worried lioenuBo tho oropa In cortnln
HoctloiiH of tlio Northwefll woro not up
to tlio mnrle Inst yonr, If tlio oxtont,
of tliolr ptirchnHOB of fnrmlim Imnlo*
niontH cnn bo tnkon an n riiIiIo. For
IriHtnnr-p, thn Snwyor MnHnc-y f!nm*
pnny of TInnillton, Onl., hIiowh not profits for llio yonr of 118*1,721. nn In*
cronso of $2!)0,Ji02 ovur tlio provlouH
yonr, ronl.li).** llio common Htoek, nfier
nn nllownnco for llio profnrroil, nt fill
por cont IflHiic, I-.vcn ,ut Hint tho
output wns .'iirtiill-i.l liccniiHO of ilnliiyH
liiclilonlnl to the fni'iuiillon nf Iho twxv
compiiny, Ko fiivornlilo hnn lu-on lho
hIiowIiik of thin conipnny, by (tin way,.
Unit nrrnnKoinPiilH hnvo hoon miulo'lo ««,™>»<l  nvoiuio, ilcllvoroil  by Kvtw.nl
IIh)   tho  HlnrkH nn  tlm  Toronto  (;X. Hoion Thoinp«oii, ono of tho foicinont
iiiiiko.     Tho nrufi-rn-il ni.IIIdk nt N7.  l,,|1,llfl,'H «f ">»  ll0>'  t5,;""1   "ivomcni.
.   THE   BOY   8COUT8
"Tho worst of onomlcfl," It Is Bnlil,
"Ih that, ono who pn radon In tho gttlHo
of frlcndalilp.' Tho Hoy Scout movo*
mont mny ho (*ll.*.l uh n mont npt II-
IiiKlrutlon of tho truth of thli. onylnt;,
Oa thu Hiirfncu It upiiviii'H to ho n
movomont for lho renoiionitlon of
lioyliuou", foHtoruil by lovcrn of chll*
(Iron who ilodlcnto tliolr Hvoh to UiIh
lnbor of lovo out of tho loftiest, nntl
purt'Ht motlvr-H Unit cnn unlmuto (ho
honrt of mun.
At. ii rejoin. Idi'turo In Uio kihtiIIciI
Labor tduple, ul Kotii'tociith nircot mul
ciuinKo. i no pi-oii't'icti MitiiniK ni m
rctiiniH 8.01 jinr cent nml Iiiih n pnrtl
filially bright futuro iih thoro nro no
IioikIh nhoml of It nml (ho iihroIh nmount t.o moro thnn lino for ovory $100
of proforroil Htoek. Tho common
Htoek hnH a bonk vnluo nf $r-0. hut np*
pnroiilly it will bo roIIIdk hooii nt n
lilKhnr lovfl, Thoro Is ovory roniwn
lo bollovo thnl Kill will bn n very fn*
vornblo yonr for tho tnnkcrR of fnrm*
Inn utlllllcH nnd Ihnt tlw hntdoi-* nf
(IndiiHtrlnl mock Ronornlly will profit
„..,.,nlitit,i).--if}tiiinii ..urvict) Iturt-iUi,
Moiitrofl].)
A MASONIC DI8AVOWAL
liu- Tiiiikoiiii* Kriinil loHno ot tlio
Provlnco of QiiPboc.la _iol_llnK||ltn nn*
nun] mohhIoii liorc nnd Uio opportunity
linn boon nclzod to mnko n formal dlH-
avownl of nny connoction with tbo
Ornnd IMfto ot tho Orient, thn French
orCTiihiition, whoxo member*. In thin
city, iu* iiil.tv.-i td l',iri,\nil|.iiiltiii Lmlitc,
ilin Hpciikor, in nn nlti'inpi to hIiow
thai lho Hoy Heout movomont hnd
powerful hnelilnr. Hinted thnt, llioimh
onllnnry reproHontntlvoH of clmrliy or.
Kiiul/atliinN found It dlfllcull to oh-
tiiin oven u honrliiK from tho irrcat
cnpltnllHtH nnd biiHlnoHH mon, repro-
HciitatlvpH nf tho Hoy Hcout move-
mont found It oany not nlono to obtnin a huarliiK, but nlno liberal con-
trlbutloiiH. Ono cnitltallHt wbo nwiicil
homo IO.ooo fi.cr_ k of park lnnd In
Taulu, ,V.  \„ put Km -.tiitiio Krouud
bronllio? CnntliiK iiRldo nil'tho frills
Unit frnmo tho ninln cnrdlhni prln*
clplox which It. mny bo Hiiid uro Uio
nolo cnuHO for Hh oxlHtcnco, wo find
thnl to bo loyal to oiio'h omployer, lo
Blink to him throiiKh thick nnd (bin,
and nifnliiHt uvnryono who HponkH or f
mllltntoH riKnliiHt hlm, to lonrn to oboy
without qtioHtlon nnd to rccognlzo hu-
porlorn In ii11(wIioho social poHlllou
Iiiih boon placed by clrciiniHtnncuH
nbovo IiIh own, nro tho ipohI liuidablo
(liiiilltloH n Hoy Rcout cnn pokhohh,
and It In to UiIh ond tbnt Uio movement, linn boon or-wnlzcd.
It HookH to erentr-.u dncllo and oho-
dlotit iiiieloiiH In lho rankH of lho
working cIiihh, which can lu tlmo of
need bo iihoi) to combat the IhIim-i-hI*.
of Hh own cIiihh. To iicnunplfHli tliln
end It offei'K (lie uio.it alltirliiK bait
to work)nl; pIu.hh Iiovh. ll offeiH tho
ii|)|iortiiuit.v of eniiipin*-; out In tho
wrindH, nnd kIiiIiik In tlm ovoiiIukh
iii omul bin/In^ Iuk firi-H, in Um pic-
tinc-'fpm atlliu'ile of Um dimo novel
biickwoodHnian, and alKu of leaniliiK
woodcrnfi and nil manner of upoi-lH
nucIi as HwluiialiiK, riMvliiK, fool brill,
tai'Kct practice and drlllH. It iIi'phhoh
them In uniform)*, nrrnyrt tbem In (.lit-
(print; iirnifl nnd mnrchoK Uipiii nbout
pioiiii aw poacockH of their IlkonotH
Id   D:l'   Mint it liy   »'.(.'••'.<■"• i*    "'* Hl>   hUllt
nbout   willi  the tmiU of their  trndo
nt his dlnivwil for the um. of tho Uoy , ,    ,.      ....     ,, ■
HrontH.   Anothor |nrK» rapltnlUt wh«!^.!,,!!J:J^,.^'',r_."!!!!: -' l".1""!."1!""
owned Romo fi.000 ncrpH of foront nud
woodbind In Uio nolKliborhood of
Whito Plnlim V V oaiXoA "tlio i,.».n*l„
for tho uro of lho Hoy SeouU. Ho
mentioned niiiiierfiiiii other cxiimpleR
of tho BonoroHlly of tbo rich pntrotiH
of tho Hoy RcuntH.
To put  It  lu bin own    laiutunKc,
"ThotiRh chnrlty rpproHpntntlvpN nnd
otbi'iM find It hnrd to Approach rotm
td monriH, no nooncr nro tlioy nc(|iiiilni-
nro Just HOttlliiK down niter n Krentjed with thn rnrdlnnl principle* of the
ntlr •ixh'-fh u-mmciiecd laut fSuuitu.»-, j lU»y Heoul  iiioverrieiif thnn  they nro
j'il'.r to (he Kuch-irlKtlc Coiircckh and
lamed for Rovnrnl moiitbii. Antni;on.
Ii.iii to tho I'oman Catholic Church
In a ■•p-vliiJlfy of tho Fr-tnch orRiinlza*
tion, whilo quite tho rovorKe* in tho
rendy, nny, nnxlnui., to donate j-lo nny
rcfitioiiablo oxlcnt."
„ What aro Dwno rnrdlnnl prlnclpIcH
that came tho potf-ntnte-** of Induntry
to unl-VMPn  lli.lr    iU'l.t-m-ml    p*ur*.
catw with Uio KriRllnb Free Mntionry. \ *trln)?n nnd pour forth n ..tream of gnbi
TIw»> do i.wi-*-*i«l lii iui* up wllh foif-hjinto lho roffi?r« of thin movement.
a crowil, and do not hf-nllato to nay no, j ble*Rlnp- it wllh th** only tdm-ifni;
In the miniitliiiP tho Homnn Catholic (that thrlr sordid hoiiM iin> rnpnbln of,
Church auUiorltlr* mako no illntlne. t thf blcMlni? nf r.t_.fcl__s_ i-nin*. and of
Hon.—tf-'r-f-i-i Survlc*? Hiircau, Mon-[clftg of land, wl.lrb In It* \ory nnliirr
trt-nif juaf m»ant to ho tito ha t!*« nlr we
iholr HhouIdnrH, ready nt tho bobert
ot the mnKler elans to tnke from lliolr
fello*.*.1* men the lives tlrv never trnve
Hul ihe /llout alliirljiB Imi llioy of-
fei Ih the cbanco nt i IivhIcaI iIovpIojv
ii i-iir and the on Urr nfp which
ovrrv ono who i'pi.ih to befriend thom
by efiTln*. ihem U.o vloi'loiii-. oppor
(niiliy to romp and play In tho frro
nlr cf the forrit nnd mendow lund
ciihIi 1i.ii. Ih'imi apiiriijutniei] by theno
very dotinm or thoir nricestorp, v.*hi*»
had ii') v.ur.i lUUl u. i*. It \,>m bin
lho hiiyn to look upon tliolr «xp|olt«ni
HK briiefnctorH.—H. J. |.o*«, In >». Y.
Call.
Electric Restorer for Men
".'".T"T ,'iU lit ptop*t l*ixtitia',tt*tai*e
vim «sd -itulliy. t'rttiitute dtr.r and ill trinil
vr«*_V*-_«i* _kvttlti*_ kl enti. "Photphonol will
nuki> ynu « u«* nun. \'iU* "
|l Utt'rl in an* *.li,„*
C«.( •(. CMhArlnM, Onl.
_l3il*Ki«.(tr l»r> Ita
rH**t*\mtlVrmf
For Salt at  8l«aidtU'«  Drug  Store. JjtiTG_ivJ355!2
HI
PAGE EIGHT
•nm DWT&IOT,LBD®HBf PESNDB.'B. C.; FEBRUARY 25/1911
AROUND TOWN
THE ALLEN  PLAYERS
.    Bill Healey, wbo has been down in
the prairie for the past year, is sojourning in tlie city. ;"'. ; -' ■  .
' ' A Special Sale of Children's Dresses
and Coats at prices you can't afford to
miss.—Miss EULER.      - 28-lt
Dan  Devine,  a  well-known-    local
young man, left for the coast on Monday where' he will live hi future.
'    SPREAD   AROUND—Don't  forged
the Hockey Match on Saturday between Fernie and Nelson.     Face off
at 8.45.                    ,-dh.* .      1     * „
Mr  McKenzie, representing the progressive firm   of   Smith,    Davidson,
and Wright, of Vancouver, was in the
city during the week in the interests
of his firm.        ,,
J. Fawcett, who has been In the employ of tho C. N. P. Coal Co. at Michel
for somo .timo past In the electrlcnl
department, will shortly return to a
former position in Portland, Or., with
the Portland  Tramway Co.
Mr. Potor Lundie mot wiih a nasty
accident on Tuesday <ts he was coming
out of the sldo door of the Post Offlco,
his feet slipping from under lilm. he
struck his Wd on the ground, inflicting quite a gash. Except for the loss
of blood and a "severe jarring he was.
nono the morse for his mishap on
Wednesday morning.
Dave Simmons, a prominent farmer
of Forest, Ont., accompanied by Mrs.
Simmons, aro guests of Mrs. Kirkpatrick in town: Tliey are on their way
back from California wher.e they spent
the winter. In calling on some "Bruce"
boys, Mr. Simmons ventured the remark that while Fernie was all right
he would much prefer being in California in his ice cream suit. * Can you
lilanie him?   ,
THE. NEW  AGREEMENT
This aggregation of fooflight artistes
so well and favorably known In Fernie
presented .'^Merely Mary Ann""to a
goodly audience in the Grand Opera
House on Thursday evening, whose, appreciation was given in no stinted
manner, '   ' - ■   »
The play is a bright* and cheery one
and* the several actors sustained thejr
roles In a very creditable manner.
To-nlght (Friday)  "Magda" will be
staged, and as this affords a far wider
field for the exercise of dramatic talent,' analysing and delineating character, a treat is ln store for 'those who
appreciate the pleasures of,the higher
walks of dramatic art.
' This is considered one of Herr Hermann    Sudermann's best productions
and although there Is necessarily    a
Teutonic tinge to It, nevertheless," humanity  in  all  climes  differs  iii  its
passions merely in degree and not in
kind.    To tho English mind the characterization is somewhat akin to that, so
splendidly    outlined   ' by . Thackery.
There Is likewise a vein of humor percolating through It'-and the. pourtrayal
of the bickerings and gossip of a small
provincial town',,-tbe 'caste* snobbishness, and' tho ,'wbuld-be-spmebody etiquette have their f epllca in every civilized country' to-day,
The preparation for* the return of
the Prodigal Daughter occupies an entire act, and the father, although a
martinet, nevertheless commands both
respect and sympathy; The pastor
is well gauged as*he acts as a counterpoise tb the"other two leading mem
bers in his antithesis alike of the nar
Present Schedule Expires'--March 31—
N6t   Very   Miich. Coal'
ACCORDING'TO THE NEW8-
: -, -;•  -PAPERS ,* .,
MARRIED
rowness and, lawlessness of parent and
child.   ' -    '   . . .-.'"'
There will be,a matinee on Saturday
at, 2.30 and in the .evening the farewell performance* will. be  that most
'cachinating" comedy— ,'
"Hello,  Bill!"
The proposed .annual . meeting 'of
the Mine Operators' -"Association of Alberta will" commence tomorrow.(Friday, Feb.. 17th) In this city.* *. This,is
a* very important meeting, as,it will
deal -with the new agreements that
are to "be made between the miners
and the.operators. -The present.agreement .with the miners and operators
expires on March 3i. and it is thougnt
that a.strike will follow.   -.,.,.-
"■ Following this annual meeting that
starts to-morrow will be a Joint meeting-of. representatives of minera and
operators, when an agreement, will be
proposed by each side.     It is not expected that they will agree, and the
expectation Is that a strike of at least
one month, and perhaps two months,
will follow before a new agreement Is
drawn up that Is satisfactory to both
operntors and miners.
Thc operators will, elect their officers at the meeting to-morrow.   .
It is said . that, the manufacturers
and even the C. P. R. have not. a very
big supply of coal on hand, and if the
strike lasts as long as some fear there
will be financial suffering among.Alberta industries. — Calgary Weekly
Herald.-   ,, '. '• •-'
, (Ed.—We do not know whether the
above. article is inspired or the personal impression of the 'writer, if the
latter, we consider his assertions regarding the likelihood of a strike decidedly premature and riot'.to;the best,
interests of' the, community. .   If the
. Socialism is immoral.
Socialism is too good for bad human nature,.   ,'.,' I   ':
. Socialists, are dreamers" and idealists. ■',   "'       "   ".           7  \
Socialists are materlalista and selfish' destructionists. *   "*-'*-"•■    -"   '
■ Socialism is foreign and ■ can nevw
dig' its  claws Into'.the.'free.soil of
America.. .*.;,.
Socialist party carries Mllwaukeee.
Under Socialism all would be loafers.* '•", ■ y' '    ._-...'.'    . '•
Under Socialism"'everybody 'will be
compelled to work against his will, j
. Socialists are anarchists and want to
break up the government.
Socialism is paternalistic—It will be
a governmental tyranny.
, Socialists.are impracticable.     They
are theorists.    They ignore the everyday things of life. '.*...
Socialists  aim 'to  destroy  the institutions of our day..
- Socialists oppose the trusts.
Socialists believe In the expanse of
the trusts.   ■
Socialists believe in dividingup. -
Socialists want the earth.''
—EMANUEL JULIUS, In Hope.
cence, is manifestly, the object "of humanity, and the only "alternative" for
education.in sex hygiene is the prolongation of the present awful wrongs
that affect the very vitals of civilization."   ,*,.    '•     .'.: .'-'-"'".
*.< *•
SAMUEL   GOMPERS "SPEAKS.
C^w'slNi.stM
LIMITED,
PROSTITUTION   AND   POVERTY
Miss Anna D.'* Brown, better known
among her friends as ;*Pet," * daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. William Brown, was
married recently in Oakland, California'
to Mr. "Ernest Mack, who is a state
official occupying-the position of bank
inspector. ■ ,The nappy couple-liave
gone bn their honeymoon to the southern part of tlie Golden State, and will
visit Mexico bofore they return to take
up their residence in Oakland.
.  -* """ j
NEW ENGLAND SUPPER   .-
.' A New England supper will be served next Tuesday night from 5.30 to 7.30
by..the Ladies' Aid .of the Baptist
Church. The'choir,are lending their
efforts by way of a splendid concert,
* consisting of readings, recitations, vocal and instrumental.music and other
features that we,are told will go*towards, making a bright entertainment.
'lSFveHrt'oc¥l^Ttist^"MTa."re-i:aientrwiir
be on hand to assist in the'proceedings
so that already the' affair Is an assured
success. Supper will be served in the
temporary 'building, alter which all will
adjourn J*o the now church,where the
concert proper will take place. Tickets
are selling fast at 150 cents.
CARD OF THANKS
Mr. and Mrs. Blakemore and family
wish to extend their grateful acknowledgement,to the many friends for the
kind sympathy shown in the sad loss
of their son Joseph who was killed
by a M. F and' M. train on Feb. 7th.
f	
A STRONG BUT SAFE EXPLOSIVE
operators ■ are*,; responsible, however,
then' one may assume that for' reasons,"
best known to themselves, "the wish
is-father,to the thought." The. joint
meeting* of the representatives of the
miners and lhe members of the Mine
Operators' Association will take place
in the near future,, but "unless. ,the
statements referred to above are those
of an irresponsible correspondent, one
must reach the conclusion that the
forecast of a" strike of at least one
one month emanates from an interested source.)      >       " *'
A WANDERER'S RETURN
ATHLETICS
* Great* interest is being taken in the
indoor athletics of the Y. M. A. A, and
tho zest with which its members enter into tho exercises Is pleasurable
to witness, and wo may expect beforo
long to havo somo, exhibitions glvon by
tho gymnasts.
In addition to tho apparatus already
Installed the following will bo Installed shortly: vaulting horso, springboard nnd bridgo ladder, - Class work
ovory Monday, Wednesday, Thursday
and . Snturdny. , Tuesday, go-ns-you*
ploaso; Friday, the Ipdlos.,
From kilning Science v?e' extract" the
following:      A new explosive known
as Satanite has recently been perfected by Prof. Gilbert Bailey.,of the University, of Southern California,'" and it
is said* to combine high strength with
a very important factor of safty-hand-
ling. -   It  contains no nitroglycerine
and, the fumes are. said hot to cause
any illf'effects to the workmen. ". 'If
heated .to.oyer 425 degree's F..it .burns
without" exploding, .'while,   prolonged
friction—only— ignitesl_1 t.________.A__£ordlng_
to,a recent*report from the coast, a
committee from the . Los Angeles
Chamber of Mines and'the Sierra Mad-
re : club . recently attended a demonstration of the powder, at .the quarries
of tho Los Angeles Stone Co., near
Hollywood, California, the tests being
in the ordinary" course of work, "and
not a special exhibition. Powder"*
known as Satanic N6 3. to the amount
of 1,300 lbs., was fire *,by electricity
and it broke down '8.000 tons, the
stone* being a.tough elastic slate, difficult to break. „The holes were 30
feet deep and all cleared, • It was
estimated that a charge of 3,000 lbs.
of black powder would have been required for tho same work.     r      .  -
FERNIES'  INTERMEDIATE
' Mr. George Eddie, who is in the em-'
ploy of'the Fernie Hospital as male
nurse, returned on Thursday from a
trip to .Scotland's city • of. granite-
Aberdeen. This gentleman accompanied a patient who intended to enter
the Hospital in Birmingham" (Eng.)
•but upon arrival at St. Johns the
steamship" company refused to allow
him on board because of his' physical
condition. He" wasf,taken to the hospital, but although given every attention, he gradually weakeined "and after
being an inmate three weeks succumbed.    -"
"That prostitution is always "the result of poverty, or .the fear of poverty,
if a fact so obvious that no argument,
it would seem, Is, needed to prove it.
But  obvious  as  it is, bourgeois  reformers and. moralists have been ex-
ceeedingly loath to admit it.     Lust
Thursday, however, the admission was
made in'"a decision handed' down in
this city by   Judge Lacombe', of the
United - States 'Circuit   Court.      discussing  the  conditions  unde.* - which
"an estimable and virtuous gliT1* may
be forced Into prostitution, he* said:- ,
"Then, just as she teaches • womanhood, both parents die after" lingering
illness, which wastes away their .little
resources, and  the-young woman is
left, it may be with no other reuatives,
to make.her struggle for existence as
best she"can. She may for some years
maintain herself, and then ,at last, at_
some time when work is scarce .and
poverty is.strong, may take the easiest
way to-keep body and soul together,
and, falling, may slip rapidly, down to
the condition denounced in the act.—
N. Y. Call. ■ ,.'-■..
MUNRO, MINER, MERRITT
A copy of lho Morrltt Horald to hnnd
contains tho announcement of the following,four minors ns candldnlos for
nldormnnlc honors, Dnvld Crawford,
Frod Ony, Nelll McMillan, nnd Duncan
Munro. Tho*last named Is a former
dwoller of tho Pnss nnd well known be-
causo of tlio Intorost ho alwa*/s took
In piuUorH nthlollc,. oupoclally football,
nnd his many friondn nround horo will
nwnlt with lntorent tho result of tho
poll lo hoo at, which pnrt. of It'Duncan
Munro standi* whon tho flnnl count Is
mndo.
Mr.- Eddy informs us that every
steamer crossing, tiie Atlantic is
crowded with passengers •> all looking
forward to Canada as-the land of promise and building bright hopes for the
future. ' ' "       -
TEACH. SEX HYGIENE IN      '
SCHOOLS, SAYS  DR.  ELIOT
NEW YORK, Feb. 20.—A paper prepared by ,D.- Charles W. Eliot, presi-'
dent emeritus. of Harvard, before the
American School Hygiene Association,
created a sensation because-he called
n   knuito  n   anade. *    His' siibject^wa_s_
The vision <of Samuel - Gompers - is
becoming clearer; or else, he has read
with care the resolutions .that were adopted by the, late convention • of the
United Mine Workers of America, i
* In a press dispatch. from Chicago
there appeared the • following;
Chicago, Feb.7.—President Samuel
Gompers of the ..American' Federation
of- Labor yesterday denounced the
Civic Federation for its opposition to
the initiative and referendum. In,a
speech beforo the delegates off' the
Chicago Labor Federation • Gompers,
who is a member of the National Civic
Federation, declared that "a civic federation that would, dare to go on record
against the inltatlve and referendum
ought not to exist."        .     '        ' i
Mr. Gompers has liad vast experience in the labor movement and has
carried a  card  In a labor  organization slnco he*stood on the threshold,
of young manhood. He has now reached the" three-score mile -• post oh the
road of life, and yet, with all his" experience and age, he seemed to    be
unable.to penetrate the mask of hypocrisy worn by the National, Civic Federation .until that-'organization placed
Itself oh record in opposition to the
Iriitative    and    Referendum'.      With
twenty-five years of experience'    as
chief'executive-of one of the largest
labor-bodies bf the world, it becomes
necessary for;* the Civic Federation'to
come out into the open and boldy declare against the Initativeoand Referendum "ere Samuel'Gompers can behold
the 'infamy- of the-organization that
has pose'd as an association, of peacemakers, . whose** mission was ,to bring'
about a'.better understanding between
employer and employe. ,      - -.
-   When the National Civic Federation
attempts'to strangle the sentiment that
is  demanding tliat  the ' people shall
havo'a voice in legislation, tljen Samuel Gompers*discovers that the oppressors and parasites, with whom he has
had-, an annual* lunch for years, are the
enemies of*democracy and'are against
the people in their struggle for justice.    It is, probable that Mr. Gompers
has taken time to analyse the resolutions adopted ..by\th.e" Mine Workers
and has come to the conclusion that
the time has arrived when it is* dangerous for "labor leaders" to wine and
dine with an* aggregation, whose members have never failed when the opportunity presented itself, to stab labor
labor and smile, graciously. ats the,suc-^
cess.of their efforts in holding in subjection a movement that is battling'for
human liberty. " ""_.""
-^_ItJs-no.w_Ji__-b"cder.-for_Jo_Qnl_Mitch.ell.
The Store W Good^ValiieS
A dollar saved, is aa good as a dollar earned..."
' Our. Grocery Departmen-t' enables you to, save from
,.15c.t<_ 20c. on every, dollar.      >' '.       • 7''   7   ■
">      i _ w '    " '        - -I-      , ^
i -■ "-a *   ■   ■ i ■ . •*.-■-
'   Get the benefit by, allowing us .to fill your table.
' wants;1 a'saving on every dollar; a pleasing store
service, and tbe highest quality of food products
procurable. ■ -  ■ ,-    "-.''.''„
SPECIAL GROCERY VALUES FOR SATURDAY
Quaker Canned Corn and Beans, 5 tins ;.. .55c. o
'Shcrril-f s True Fruit'Jelly Powder, 4 pkts. . .25c.
Staon Shoe'Blacking, 4,*tins, ..... . ■:-.-. y..r. .25c. ,
Libby's Assorted Soups,*.per tin. :10c,
Quaker Preserved'Strawberries, per tin . .15c;
3 lb. Tins Preserved Apples, per tin ..... 10c./
Fancy Navel-.Oranges, Regular 40c. doz., Special,
- per dozen .....' ,'..•'. '..../. ...'. '.".30c.
TO- LET—Cottage with water and
toilet inside;'"* centrally, located; ?12;
ready March lst.
' Also Flve^Roomed Cottage, Victoria'
Ave. East, ?16. .Apply■'Walter  Hun-
nable, adjoining Methodist Church. ■■■'
,.    7,. 28-3t-np
FOR SALE—A quantity of Bedroom
and Kitchen Furniture and Miscellan-,
eous household Effects, in' good condi? •
tion.  , Apply,'135, Ledger Office.. , 2t
SITUATION   WANTED—Girl,, age
14.     Apply, H. H.,' Box 473, Fernie.
'   ' •  "   ' 27-3t
.FOR SALE—LOT opposite Fernie
Annex--School: also several other lots
in Annex". " Low price; easy, terms.
Apply to L. P. Eckstein.  ."
- WANTED—M.D.,. duly, qualified., to
practise in Alberta. Forx particulars
write to James Neill,'Secy.,.Canmore
Local-Union 1387, Canmore. Alberta. .-
SPREAD AROUND—Don't forget
the Hockey Match on Saturday between Fernie and Nelson. Face off
at '8.45.'
MONEY, MUGS AND MEMORIALS
SPREAD AROUND,-- Don't, forgot
tho liockoy Match on Saturday botwoon Fnmlo and NcIroii. Paco off
nt. 8.4 fi, '
Last Friday night n game,'between
Nelson boys and our local puck artists was played that delighted evory.
enthusiast of this splendid winter pas-
tlmo and the onlookers wero,loud In
their praise of'tho fight the plucky
FornloltoH mado.
In complimenting our boys wo do
not mlnlmizo the excellent work of
thoir victors, who woro both hoavler
in wolght nnd had had tlio advantage
fit moro constant prac'tlco.
Tho scoro resulted In favor of Nolson 0—2, but desplto repented atlncks
nnd arcurato shooting, tho' mnsterly
dofonco of tho gotil-kbepor, It. Forgu-
hoii, prevented tho Rcoro ot th'o vlsl-
tors being much largor,
Tlio gnmo wns clean, nnd nltliougli
the fonco had Its oRcupnntH, wo fool
f-onfldPiit that lt waB a enso of oxclta-
blllly nnd not vlndlctlvonoHH.
Tho vordlct, wiih woll dono, both
RldoH and to tho Pornlo hoys, "Vou
wero out-clasHr-d hu* nood too] no discomfit uro nt your dr-font, only get In
nnd prnctlco moro coinlilnnllij.n IiicIIch,
Tho lino up wiih hh follows:
Nelson F«rnle
It,  Voruimoii    goal    llnycd*
I'I, Ulslinp point,,.,J, llcndonioti
T, CiiniiiilngK,.. .cover..,,'. II. Minion
,1, (irniil  contro.,, .1'. ITninlornnn
W, l-.-rgui'oii ,,1. wliii?,.,I. Mcnougiill
,1. I'VrfciiKon ... .r. wina f. QiiIiiIiiii
T*\ Clrnnt rovor..Rliili. MoDnimall
The Albertan publishes an announcement of its anniversary edition, which
wll) bo Issued on February 28. In
connection with this Issuo It is ghinfc
a series of prizes. For the best, story
sont in upon an Alborta subject ..by a
bona fide Alborta resident, a prlza of
$100 Is awarded. For socond, the
prize is $50; for third $25, and flvo
other -prizes of $5.00 oach. ., I'rt/.cs
aro offered for thq best poem upon
Alborta; $25 nnd a gold medal for the
first prlzo, and prizes of $10 and gold
medals for tho noxt throe. ' Prizes
nro also offered to chlldron under 10
years of age for the best ntor'y upon'
Albertn. Tho first, prize Is a gold
mcdnl and $15 In casn, Twolvo other medals aro nlso offorod.Tho adults
story Is limited to 5,000 words and tho
children's story to 2,000 words. Tho
Albortnn Is nlso ceobrntlng its anniversary ln the usual manner, by giving a silver mug lo ovory baby-born
upon Its birthday, that Is on Fohhinry
28, 1011, and asks nil doctors and others to mnko reports of tho.visit, of
tho stork on tho last dny of Fobrunry,
"School Instruction of Sex Hygiene."
Dr. Eliot held that to prevent the
moral and "physical disasters that re-,
suit'from** ignorance in' the young, it
is absolutely essehtial'that systematic
instruction'shall'be given to all children In .the, process of reproduction
and in the'disorders that follow violations of„natpres' laws.,,
* The policy, -of'silenco, he said, has
failed everywhere, and instructions in
sex-hygiene', should be given in all
schools, '
This, he maintained, will bo criticized because it. may abolish Innocence
ln young manhood and womanhood
and make the most Intimate concerns
ln human'life common talk.
"But/  said  ho)  "virtue,  not inno-
THE
GREATEST'•> DISCOVERY - OF
THE AGE       -*'
'/I
to make a speech on* the attitude oMhe
National,.Civic Federation relative to
the .Initiative and Referendum.—The
Miners' Magazine. ,'. ., .
*%
' TO RENT—Four-roomed Cottage, situated near public school; water inside.
Apply to Wm. Barton, Singer Agent,
PellatAve; * lt-p-28
TO LET—Furnished Room; . suitable for ono or two gontlomen.* Apply
Ledger Office, 28-n.p.
, BASEMENT OF MINERS'* HALL
to rent every evening' except'1-Sunday
and Thursday. Suitable for concerts,
smokers! dancing, lectures, etc, *For
terms, etc.,-apply to',-,D...Rees, Secre"
tary, Gladstone, Local, Fernie. ,.   „   '
, A photo on a pillow top of yourself,
friend or sweetheart;-something new.-
and realistic as well as artistic.,' ,,
Good- live Agents wanted; either- y'j
sex. " For full Information and sample' *'.'
outfit1 Free,   address:
IDEAL NOVELTY COi    '
,*,  * . .    -  Box 55, Fernie, B.C.'
FOR ' RENT—Heintzman ' ^Parlors,
Miners' Block, either whole or part of
store.—Apply, D. - Rees, P. O. 361,
Fernie,-B. C. -
..LOST—Transfer Card No. 1.6, Book
No, 19569, issued from Frank Local oh
Sept. 26th, 1910.'- Finder please return t.6" Geo. Nicol, Secretary,* Frank
Local,' Frank, Alta,   .
, LA-PIU-GRANDE  SCOVERTA.
, DELLA'ERA-.
•II
. FOR SALE—One or two good driving
teams; broken to single oi* double
harness; ages from 3 to 7 years; suitable for buggy or delivery rigs.—S.
J. HARRISON; Wardner, B; C.      3t-p
FOR SALE—Wholesale Liquor and
Cigar Businoss. Address ; Box 34,
Creston, B, C. " ,'   4-5t.
Una Fotografia dl le dl tue amice o
pure""'deila— tua~innamoratan"sopi*a*rrl.*p—
c'overtlha'd'erquanclale,', una cosa'-nu-   '-
ova realist'a-come e artistica. ,-
* Sono* rlchlestl agent! Maschi o Feminine. -' Per informazionl e camplonl ,
gratis rlvolgctevl dal   , '
7 7 IDEAL NOVELTY CO.
'" -P. O. Box 55, Fernie, B.C,
FOR SALE—Lot 1, Block 6, Riverside Avenue," West Fernie; all cleared
and fenced. Apply, J. Bohll, West
Fornio.' '       "   28-3t
VELKY .VINALEZ TICHTO CASOV       '|J
Photograf na zahlavku soba, prlatela,
alio mlllenky. Necvo noYie. krasno, a
podobne majsterskie..
Dobrleho JSlyleho agenta potrobno
chot ktorlehopohlavla. Pre celle vls-
vetlenia a poukaska sdarma hlaslt sa
treba.
IDEAL NOVELTY CO.,..
,   P. O.' Box 55, Fornio, B. C.
SPREAD AROUND.—Don't forgo*!
tho liockoy Match on Saturday botwoon Pornlo nnd NoIhoji, Fnco off
nt 8.-15,
A MULE'S TESTIMONY
j WELL-KNOWN  MICHELITE
GOES   IN8ANE
You Can Watch
it Burn
ii
without worrying, If yonr honin
l.|   ..*.■•,,1.1   In-  fl'-nli".    'Hill   Vfill  lllllll
ol it-    of   oui'   policies    ")'   llil-.ll**-
wut*.. If ymi dn not ijury protection, better mud for uh now,
We  wrlto
The Best Fire
Insurance
polii;, Umi it U pu-tsUil.. to ae-
< un*.
Our it"pr'":eiit.'.liv> •■vlll cnll
win-lit.■*,i-i* "ton \Whli, wltli rates
'tr,il  full   fi.l't.imritirm,
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance     Real Estate
i Peter ManciiHO, wcllkiiown In MIc-
;h(.|, wlioro ho hnH resided for hoiiio
Itlino piiHi, nnd whom ho wiih omploy-
: ed as 'clicclcwolgliiiinn, ban hoon ml-
'Judgod iiiHnno by lho City Ilonltli Of-
, firer, I>r, Harold Anderson, ami has
■hpon Hont to tlin iiHylum nt Now •   ''
t'lllllHl-M*.
'■  -   hun   ...ll.*---*
A coiTOHpondoiit hoikIh tlio following
clipping, boltovlng Hint It will Intorost,
ninny of our romlon*, iih lho Inoldont
ri'IittVd nclually occdrrod In a Mnnun*
cIiiihI'IIh court:
A drivor had linon brought boforo
the Judgo charged wltli enmity to
iinlinnlH In Ihnt. ho hud boon driving a
gulled mulo. Tho prisoner had nu
export witness In a veterinarian, who
testified thnt tho noro on tho mulo's
hack did not. pnln tho animal In (ho
lOIlHt,
Tho Judgo IlKtonuil nltcnllvoly lo
tho long technical opinion, and then
demanded lo know whoro tho mulo
wan. Ilo wim Informed thnt 11 wns
liiinicwh(.*(i tu ii wiikuh <*i» 'ao ni'*-'''--
J_.  JVh.'I  td 11"   n.url  I'liIVMnsr      Tbo
J. F. SPALDING'S
Cost Price Sale of Photographs
Is Nearing its Close
Open on Sundays
Week days from 9 a.m. till 9 p.m.
Open on Sundays
Week days from 9 a.m. till 9 p.m.
Tlw   iiiiiOi.   i."iii   •'■*■■,-> ..
i.ueerly tor s-i-iiu- time juml but    his judgo ordered thnt court ho adjourned
frlendt thoutrht  It  was morely lorn* I for flvo minutes.
pornry nbernitlon and that lio would
hooii be nil rklil, but unforliiuatilv
ttintr n\nooIiiitiiiv-i hnvil' not been ren*
ll/eil, Jienii*. tin' r.uii'.-e fulopied
The prob.'-bllltlpH nro thnt with careful nMf-iiHnii, nieillenl treatment and
a dlelle re:.linen he tuviv reiTiiln Ills
normal mentality, f« the Iohh of bn-
hiiiee Is imilnlv nlli'Miiilahle to a de-
nmt.eil Htomnrh iTHitlUiit. from too
umrh druKgln.:.
Ilo took hin caiio and proceodod lo ■
the Htreet. Ho approached tho mulo ■
ntul with the end of liln vnno touched !
lhe mro .spot on Dm fin'miiU'R ntiek. .
Tho mulo almost kicked the dashboard 1
off tlm wngon.' Onco ngnln tho judgo ,
lunched thn jinro wltli Ills enne, and ■
the frantic boast almost, riflin_.li___H.il
the wnKOii with liln Welting.
Thn Judeo returned  to tho r_one_i. j
Tlie priHiiiier w;ih culled  befun'v hlm.
THERE are not many of the mounts left, so if you want Photos
AT COST PRICE order them NOW as this offer will not be
repeated, If you are not needing them right away, get them taken
now, pay a deposit and I will hold them for you.
Tils fi-leiids Iii l-'ernle undertook toi "With nil due renpc...t lo the expert
(".re mr lum. tun i-in*nii*i i|i**m In* * IcmIuiihi.*. >uii liiise UiltodlU'tld ill ;.-,.UI ,
tii-'rio hi-* way on font *•> Gateway, 1 lu'luilf in -.iow that lho fioro on llm ;
ft .-".li which t _.*■'■«* I'l- "■"Hn 1 ren-'h't 1nie_.! mnli.'s Xv.toV ilm*.« not pain llllll. I will i
liv ('nriHfnlile* Mel,i*;iii. nf I'll o, who , I'ino., win *"""." annnutii'i'd tho Judeo. i
lii-iil tie.-n notlfi'.-i tl.iit a mini wi.;. act-7'T jisl.nl ('.■■ **.-*ili. If I I.e. i'.nre hurt lijm. :
'*!■" J«i r>  ■"i'leer  *'"'"'  '.''   1i!"  Ii'iundar*-." * and lu> ■>: ii)  jt  did." lj
town.
SPHEAD
(!.)>   Ilnekey
" «< «i   I _■'-.*.
!m ft.15.
AROUND.-
Alni.'h oii
•   -itiil   Ni*|*-
Ilim't
1      A       ter-! I
forRet i Htnilil *.vli>  In
'lilt   *,iii,umi   rim   iin'iii"*-
wnillH $l,*J('lft,(Klrt hut  he
S';i'u**ilny  hcl-icf/n't iimli .•.■i.nul why n iiiiui who irr-t*-.- ;
it      Yarn att' 12."  a d-iv -vrmn SS.—J.Inroln  Sfef- '
1 fons. I
CABINETS, Now per doz. $3.00
Carte Dev or 1-2 Cab.
Postcards
u
<<
2.50
1.50
Usual price $5.00
4.00
2.00
a
a.
a
u
'  !l
Other Styles in Proportion and Satisfaction Guaranteed
,t\
i
i

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