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The District Ledger 1910-11-26

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Industrial Unity is Stn
The Official Organ of District N}^18, U. M. W. of A.
.    .,.. -.%ol legislative r.s.
*/■1^\ —~~—
■  MV 20 .g.c
"Political Unity is Victory
.VOL. VI.   NO. 17
$1.00 A YEAR
Technical Commission Sits
Here-Much of Valuable
Information Gotten
Owing to the vast amount of labor
devolving upon this body in their efforts to obtain the data necessary to
conform to*the requirements of their
high office, and the brief space of time
available for collecting the same, necessitated a change in arrangements.
Although all the members    would
.have preferred to follow out the"programme . outlined. originally, circumstances decreed otherwise, and so .the
Gordian Knot of difficulty was severed
by the body dividing Itself into two
parts, the better to - expedite matters,
hence the reason for only two, the Rev.
G. Bryce' and David Forsyth, B. A., be-
' ing delegated to visit Fernie.. On Monday morning a delegation of prominent
citizens accompanied by press representatives Pedlar, Mott and the editor
of this weekly news compendium met
the Rev. Bryce at the C.P.R. "station.
Mr Forsyth,' who had preceded his colleague the day before, and was the
guest of Messrs Cree and Suddaby during his stay, wa's on hand to make the
* several introductions. * From the station the party repaired to the Council
Chambers where the plan of action
;was mapped out. ■ The names' of the
various individuals whom it was desired should appear to give evidence,
the time it*would be most convenient
for them to come, etc.', were dealt with.
This concluded, there was an adjournment for lunch,, and the hour..for the
ed. At 2 o'clock the party paid a visit
to the Coal Creel-: mines, under" the
guidance of Mr James Ashworth,* but
as thet time was. limited Miey merely
* took a stroll around the camp on a
tour of observation. 1 .
. A., few minutes after .four,  in*,.the
, presence of a goodly assembly; Mayor
Herchmer, ori behalf of"the-citizens
of Fernie welcomed the visitors to this
city, the first to be visited on their
entry,, into tho province    of   British
Columbia.    The Rov. Bryce in his reply explained the object, of-this commission,  informing  his  hearers  that
' after they had concluded their investigations, in British.Columbia that they
■ would  proceed through tho    United
States, visiting varlpus points where
they could glean information pertinent
to industrial and technical oducatlon,
thonce across tho Atlantic and tour
Europo to Inspect tho conditions In dlf-
. ferent contros of industry, Insofar as
affects their mission.
Mayor Herchinor was tho first called
to the stand nnd gavo ovidoneo In response to tho questions propounded regarding general civic nffalrs, particular stress being laid on all that affected oducatlon.
For two hours thoro was a steady
stream of witnesses undor examination, Among thoso woro Mossrs Julian
and Macdonald, roprosontntlvos sont
hy tho minors of Michel, who wero
glvon an early hearing, so an to enable thom to get bnck homo on tho
eiuUbound pasaoiigor at 0,10,
, In response to tho quorlos roltUlvo
to coBt of living, snnltntlon.otc., Mr.
Julian gnvo clear and Intolllgont ro-
pile*., and upon boing cuked if ho
thought that tho organization of which
ho was n mombor objoctod to techni
cal and industrial training, replied that
ho did not. Mr. D. Macdonald answered along the ,same lines a3 Mr. Julian,
and added that lack of opportunity for
education in- his boyhood days had
always been a source of regret and
that he hoped that the proposed technical education would soon be afforded
to everyone through the PasB, and that
there would be schools established like
Nova Scotia, "as anything which had
a tendency to stir up the grey matter
would be beneficial, to all concerned,
himself Included.
Mr. Bruce, principal of tlie public
schoool, quoted figures regarding the
school attendance, segregating them
firstly, the percentage of those of
Canadian birth and Canadian parentage, showings that they represented
about 48 per cent, whereas the balance
consisted of foreigners, those from the
British Isles predominating, although
there was also a large percentage of
Slavs and Italians. "Upon being asked
what was meant by Slavs he answered
those of Slavic origin, including the
different components from Austria,
Russia, etc. • , *
Miss Hogan, assistant ■ principal,
gave some very interesting information regarding the advantage of kindergarten work, nature studies, etc.,
and thought that domestic science,
cooking, dressmaking, etc., would be
beneficial to the girls and that manual
appreciated. „"- -.; -
Mrs. F. C. Lawe, in her, capacity of
an active member of the Ladies' Benevolent Association, furnished"* some
first hand information of her experience among the needy,* and when the
question was put regarding the cooking qualifications of some of' those
sho visited, replied that in most-cases
thero was not much food>_ound in
many of the dwellings she went into,
hence did not have much opportunity
for judging.
Father Michael, O.M.I., of the Holy
Family Church, furnished some exceedingly valuable Information on the
subject of domestic scienco that is
taught in Germany. Competent women glvo practical demonstrations in
cookery and not only school girls can
attend these lectures, but many wo
men with families also take advantage.
These lectures aro all free and undor
the auspices of the government.
Tho importance of providing means
for education to the many people from
the non-English speaking countries
was also strongly advocated.
Tho evening session commoiicod at
shortly nfter 8 o'clock, and continued
until 10.30, during tho two and a half
hourB the following, among othors,
wero examined:
A, J. Carter, secretary of District 18,
stated that this organization was a
pari ot tho United Mlno Workers of
America, and had supervision of tho
mlno workors throughout this eastern
portion of British Columbia and the
provinces of Alborta and Saskatchewan he commnientod upon tho nood for
hotter sanitary conditions In many of
llio mining   camps;    that   domestic
(Contlnuod  on  Pago  3)
Thoro waa an Informal mooting of
tho City Council In tho chambers on
Tlnmiday ovonlnf., nnd ln connoquonco
of tho abnonco of tho Mnyor, Aldor-
man Frod Jnhnnon officiated is thnt
cnpnclty, asslstod by Aldormen Whilo,
Broloy, Bock nnd Konnody.
lu6no of tho cation dealt with was the
Instructions fjlvon by tbo polico to
Thoninit Mamanobllo to closo hin pro-
mlBO-a nt 0 o'clock in tho ovoning,
Mazzanobllo stated that his promises
_,. i*.
..ol    Xr. r I    .^r^A.   n.Lr...   |VI«
r.c ,..,/, v#'>j.-. .I..... ,«.«<_
n oct I on with flnmo will bo brought up
for fnrthor consideration and (Uhciih-
hIoii nt tho noxt mooting of lho
Long-Winded Litigation
Many Delays
• After a very long struggle that commenced with a case that our readers
are well acquainted with, known as
theKrzuz ase, we have just-received from the- solicitors in Vancouver
the  following telegram:
"Krzuz versus   Crow's   Nest   Coal
"Company Limited.    Judge Clements
"to-day decided that the relations of
"working men killed in this province
"although such relatives'are foreigners
"and residing in  a foreign  country,
■'can recover full compensation under
"and have the main rights as persons
"residing in this    province.    ' Judge
"Wilson, also submitted two questions
"as to the methods for recovery upon
"an award, but under the Act he has I
"no jurisdiction to refer such matters
"because they do not   affect' arbitra-
"tion proceedings, or awards, hence
"Judge  Clements refused- ,to  answer
"the same.     The result is that all
"foreign dependents of. .the same are
"in like positions as residents of this
"province.     T. P. Davis, K.C.-; repre-
"lor, K.C, and C. W. Craig, represent-
"ed the Miners' Union."
.   We wish to call the attention "of all
our readers, more especially those who
are mine workers, to. the fact that
this shows plainly what1 can-be accomplished- through * organization  of,
the United Mine Workers. . The case
quoted above was one used as a test,
and upon which result, will mean that
many widows and orphans of foreigners, living in the old countries, including Great Britain, Belgium, Italy
and Austria-Hungary, will now be entitled to receive tho compensation just,
tlie same as if theso relatives  and dependents had been living in British
Columbia*. '   Had each one of these
individuals beon compelled, after losing thoir broad winner particularly, to
havo paid tho costs of court, and the
lawyers' fees,   vory   probably   thoy
would havo lost tho compensation bocauso of being unable to pay. the amount.     Not so, however,  when  by
collective   action and the payment of
their duos, thoy aro enabled to build
up a fund from which tho nocessary
amount bf money can bo used in ordor
lo seo that tho widow and,orphans aro
not deprived of thoir just benefits.
As can bo readily understood, tho
oxponsfiR of fighting cases in the court
entail tho outlay of nMot of monoy,
but tho abovo should provo to nil and
evory ono tho benefits of united action, nnd show mon who aro not already in tho United Mino Workors tho
Importnnco of becoming momborH,
On Wednesday night Prosldont. \V.
B, Powoll, Vico-prostdont C Stubbs and
District Bonrd Mombor J. O. Jones,
callod a mooting ln Dlalrmorc for lho
purpose of ru-outnbllshln.; tho local
union of tho United Mlno Workors of
Amorlca. Thoro woro Homo 100
nnmos given by Indlvldunl.i iir willing
to becomo mombors of tho organization, nnd stops woro takon for tlio pur-
post, of formtilntlng plana rolatlvo to
lho oloctlon of tho nocoHmiry nfflolnls
to look nftor tho nffnlrs of tho union.
Tha mooting wnH ndjotirnod until Tiioh
What Happen* Aftor the Moeetlrtfj
Thn mon nro mot with tliolr tlmo
chocks,     Tho following notico wns
postod around tho mine:
I desire to inform you that
the  assessment of 25? cents
per week," or one dollftr per,
month, is '* still in ef fe^ and
will continue indefinitely.
While our International Executive Board, in the early
fall antcipated at that time,
, that the assessment would be\
discontinued* soon thereafter, '
its hopes failed to materialize
and consequently the assessment will continue until such
time as settlements are made .
and all our men aro at work.
Many of our local unions in
different sections of ,the country have made application for
exoneration from the assess-
" ment. The Board, however,
ruled that exxorieration would
not be granted under any consideration. But if a local
union is making every reasonable effort to pay the assess-,
" ment, and cannot; I am authorized by the Executive Board
to extend the. time of payment
of the assessment of such
local unions.
Our* local unions will be
promptly advised when conditions will warrant either a reduction of the amount of the
assessment  or  the    abolish*-
o ment of the assessment entirely.
"   Fraternally yours,,
Man's Humanity to Man
Makes the Heart
of any chestnuts which the management are trying to ring on them. If
the reason of closing down is for the
purpose of so re-adjusting conditions
that it^may be safer*for the miners
to follow their calling.them iL is laudable, but otherwise .....!
The cuticle given by Thomas Harris
for the purpose of being grafted upon
the leg of Alec Thornton, an inmate
of the Fernie Hospital (report of which
was given in a previous issue) being
found inadequate, Thomas Stewart,
whose leg was recently amputated, volunteered to furnish amount necessary
from the upper portion of the injured
member, and now Alex possesses sentient mementoes of his comrades in
misfortune, and irrefutable evidence
that "Friends in -need are-friends indeed.'
District   Officers   on  Blairmore Situation—Asking
. i       i , ,    „
For Commission
-'      A Sequel to a Fast Gait.
liri, formerly employed in the Crow's
Nest Trading Company's Stores, is now
an inmate of .the city jail, where he
will remain for six months, in, accordance with.'sentence, imposed ' upon
him by Magistrate Whimster. Young
man was d(scbarged..t*y- tho firm Ior.
whom he had been working and attempted to evade payment of his board
bill. Search was made by the city
police of the room he had occuplod In
the hotel, and whilst so doing thoy
discovered property belonging to the
Crrow's Nest Pass Trading Company,
and for the theft of'which he was arrested with the . result' as aforementioned,
George Eddie, male nurse at the
Fernie Hospital, leaves on Saturday
night's flyer, accompanying Mr.'Dun-
well, a former C.P.R. employee, who is
now a paralytic back to the old country. ; where he intends to enter the
Birriiingham" Hospital. George says
that he will visit the old home in the
Land o'Burns. from which he has been
absent now over three years. He will
be back early in 1911.
' _■**.._. lUnl _-U__ _._.__ _...!._
.   Inebriate
Tho District Executive Board, at a
special meeting held in Blairmore on
the 17th inst., took up the question
of the conditions of the mines in Alberta, as they affect the(. miners and
others employed in and around the
mines. This past year shows an
alarming increase in the numbc of
accidents, and more especially those
terminating fatally, and it was from
this serious standpoint that the matter
was given their earnest and deliberate consideration.
The district officers have received
a large number of appeals from the
local'unions as well as from many individual, members, urging them to take
some steps that will tend to bring
about better conditions in the mines,
that lives and limbs may be better
protected, aud the operators be compelled to adopt measures that will at
least assure the men that they are
not wantonly exposed to unnecessary
danger, whilst following their hazardous occupation. It must be admitted
that Hit miners' work*even under tlie
most, favorable conditions, is not. tho
niost desirable. It is fraught witli
many dangers which can only be associated with coal mining. When a
man enters the mine it is without
doubt generally, conceded ■ that he
takes his life in his hands, and never
knows, should he be,employed in the
bost regulated one, whether he will
come out dead or alive.    It will, thon,
The Working Men's Club and Institute are-now serving hot drinks, such
as tea, coffee, cocoa and Bovril, instead of the heavy liquids pending the
arrival of-the license which has "been
so long sidetracked',,although it may
arrive "when the swallows nest again."
who knows.''
A qulntetto of local nlmrods, conslft-
ing of Harry Gold, James Miller, Walter Prico, Fred Dennison, and Harry
Wilmer, nil employees of tho P. Burns
Company Limited, went, out in search
of venison, succeeding in thoir efforts
in tho shape of a flno deer. .     n
mMllnir puTjirvsMi, bnl for iho nrrrvm-
modntlon of minors nnd othor peoplo
In connoctlon with repair work, and
thin bolng bo, ho thought (ho council
ought to allow hlm to keop opon till
llll fc p.m. Tho mutter was retorrt-d
to tho City Clork, who will look up tho
by-law nnd glvo hin doclBlon accord-
A roport was received from Chlof
Conninbio Clorko. ronvortlng Victor
Costa, who hns onco moro become
luiuiuully aberrated. Iiuiuualuim v._o
'given for Costa's romovnl to Now
Wostmlnsi-pr aa goon ns tho nccofiBary
papers had boon taken out, nnd ho
will leavo tho city In chargo of Con-
Btnl.lcti Bowcn and German on Saturday next.
A numbor ol estimates xvoro discuss-
ed, and the various mattor* In con-
On Monday Inst a quiet wedding
wan nolomnlxcd nt the homo of tho
brido'n pnronts, by the Hoi. W. Walton, of tho Anglican Church, wlion
Amy lllggs, daughter of Mr. nnd Mrs
Tliomns TIIrw beenmu tho wlfo of Willinm Todhuntor, Tho brldo was long
i.. ii, ,.. . i.,. ,» ii i,    "i .   .. '  i ,
,A.      ...I.      i..A.A'A^if       V.       ..!._>      __>._»_._.,     (__.Ul      IIUI'
it." h«r vPHlrtonc-** In iho rlty hnn rondo
a number of frlondn who congrnttilnto
hor on tho stops Bho hns takon, The
Broom, a very popular young man,
mid it baseball onthiiBlttHt.ls omployod by tlio Morrlsoy Fornio and Mlchol
,.,:.: II A} ,
Tho happy couplo Journoyed to
Spokano for tliolr honoymoon, and upon tliolr return will tnko up tliolr rosldonco ln Fornio.
"Hlnlrmoro Mlno will ho closod
"down for an Indefinite porlod,
"commenclnn 2-lth Novombor Pay
"chocks for tho workmon will bo
"mado out for full pay up to tho
"J-lth Novombor, and mon will bo
"l>ald off at tho mlno offlco on Sat-
ii,.7 I. . ''li -,   nm i     *;. ,    .   i ,.
..«._•_,/,    ...v    .*,,*    .Ivl.l,lu.l,
"Hativ., ?.4th Novnmhnr.,
Tho member*-, of tho Y.M.A.A. will
hold nn Informal opening on Tue-aday
noxt In tlio l-nn.-m-.nt of tho Mothodlst
Church, when n programme of gymnastic oxoroinon will bo performed.
Tho BacliiI ovonliiK of the Fornio
Lodno So. 3, K, of P. bids fnlr to bo nn
unqualified success,. Tuesday next.
Not. 29.
Of courso It la only roasonnblo to
tho company nr« donlroim of working
tho mini* wllh non-union labor. Will
tho men of District IK Bland ror thoso
tact Ich prrictlncd hy tho West Cnnndlnn Colllorl'-ii I.lmiti-d? If tho Blnirmoro oporntors wish to trr-nt with tho
district as rnc-mli'TH of tlio v/outcm
onl Operators Association, thoy nre
("crlHlnly .nln-iHn.. rn-f-lliofls which nro
forolgn to thnt body. It. upjionrn
quito patent tlmt thoy do not wish to
Ti-cbtnilr-t! iht- District in tho spirit
which Iiiih licn-lofori! prevallr-d botwoon tho operator*-") nnd tlio U. M. W.
of A.
Tlw. Pfsi-r.f-f off Iron! again held i*.
mix-ting on tin? 24th, and there was
no mistaking tho feeling of tin* larJto
number prc-icnt, that they intondod to
•May with Uie V. M. W, of A, In tplte
Ottawa, Nov. 13th, 1010
A. J. Carter, Soc.
Dist. 18, U. M. W.
of A., Fornio, B. C.
Ko dispute between Crow's Nost
Pass Coal Company
and employ ocs,
Minister lias today
appointed Sheriff I.
S. G. Van Wart,
Calgary, Chairman
of Board in absence
of a joint recommendation from
other mem hers of
•HcM-ild 11. Brown.
Acting .Deputy
Minister of Labour
and acting Registrar.
Hoard will sit* in
Fernie, on Monday
Dec oth.. 1010.
The initial performance of the new
Star Moving Picture Show was given
last Saturday in the Eschwig Hall,
under the able management of A. Pin-
zocolo, who is showing somo splendid
films nightly.
During the current week sovoral
companies havo occuplod tho stago nt
thlswell-known resort. Tuesday night
it was Harold Nelson with tho "Wolf,"
A vory sparso attendance greeted this
well-known Canadian actor and his
On Wednesday' nigrt "Tho Three
MuyRotcors' was cn the '>oai:tl., in-
dor tho direction of Mr. Santord Dodgo,
and likewise tho nttondnnco wns limited. But on Thursday night a bumper
house witnessed "aunt." presented by
tho hoiiio company, Moro modi'Iiitod
tones, and Jphb vociferation would vastly lripicvo'tho o locuUounry efforts of
fionu* of tho performers, Tin nconlc
r.|foc.t.B woro very good, and consider-
ing tho difficulties conrront.id because
of tho long jumpB necoMsllnied In this
WeMcrii country, tlioy nro corlalii.'y
wcithy of coinmondai I'm,
risks he works under when working
in a mine where practically no thought
is given to the safety of human life
Tho following resolution was passed
whi.-h it is hoped will have the effect
of bringing about* the desired results
regarding the 'working cond tions of
miners iir Alberta:
We, tho District Executive Board
assembled in special session at Blair
more, this soventeeenth day of November, 1910, after considering tho
many appeals from the members of
Istrict 18, U.M.W. of A. to formulate some plan that will compel tho
mine owners of Alberta to glvo more
consideration to tho safety of tho
miners when following their dally
Therefore be It resolved: .
That wo appeal to the Alborta
Government to appoint Immediately
a commission to enqulro Into thoso
flagrnnt abuses which are now being
pormltted with impunity by" tho
mlno owners of Alborta, that lho
minors may foel reasonably assured
thnt their lives nre receiving tho
consideration which- the nature of
their work warrants; and that a
copy of this resolution together
with the many details on tho situation bo forwarded to C, M. O'l.rl-.'ii,
Member for lho Hocky Mountain division. In order that ho may bo ablo
to Inteillgr-ntly urge the government
to accede to this request.
Coleman,  Alia.
Nov. lfl, 1910,
Mr. J. W. Bennett,
Hoar Sir,—Wlillo nt Ilosmor last
Sunday I picked up "Tho l__>tlihrldgo
Ilornhi' and oti" of (tic first licnis that
cnughl my oyo was an accouiu of the
suffocation of two men In tlm mail*
more mine, so decided to go tliere, and
found upon arrival on Monday thut the
inquest would be held in the Police
Station at 3 p.m., Tuesday. This '
building, which is new, boasts one
bench and five chairs—grand total
seating capacity for the accomodation of the public—nine. This case
nttracted a large, crowd of people, for
mark you, the men who work in theEe
mines  were  greatly  interested.
Here are the, facts.
Two men, one about fifty, the other *
a young man of about twenty-two, Until
strong and able-bodied, went to work
in the morning of November 11th.
About 9 a.m. the fire boss came and
fired three shots in the solid, each
hole six feet deep, there was no mining
or cutting of tlie coal, just blown ritjht
off the solid and this in a mine where
the existence of gas is often reported.'
At the inquest, evidence was given
tliat the fire boss -fired the three shots
and it was also proved that he did
not go back to see • the condition of
the place as, according to" the Coal
Mines "Regulations Act, he is instructed to do. He went about his other
duties leaving the room full of deadly
smoke and' the men to their fate.
About 1.30 p.m. tlie same fire boss
came again, this time found one hole
ready.- He.admitted in^evideuce that,
he did not know whether the hole was
six (8) or seventy (70) feet deep, nor
what It was stemmed with, nor, in fact.
Wo nro delighted to learn that tho
orchostrlan which has boon ho long
Ki'lidniK out tho fia-no old tunes *•*
Ilruco'iJ Ha|l, will soon grout tho i-ars
of the vlHltorH to tho skating rink
nonr tho 121k Illvor Bridge. Now records will ho hoard, and wo may ovon
venture down to hnrkon unto thom—
anything about t it. The other two
holes he know* about and stood by
and saw them .stemmed, stating that
the two (2) holes were five and a
half .5V£) or six (S) feet deep, and
in the, solid. The reader will note
the time he fires these three (3)_ shots
is  1.30 p.m., Nov. 'ilth. .
The.holes are ready, the two miners
and tho firo boss retire to a place of
safetytho cross-cut—Ihe holes aro discharged. Did the fire boss return
to face of tho angle so as to ascertain, '
the conditions after firing? No, sir,
but went about, his duties as I said
beforo while the two miners nlso roturned to their places and—Death,
Can any man with nn atom of knowledge of mining conceive1 of such, a
wanton breach of the mining laws?
A flro boss not going back to find out
the stato of affairs after.firing threo
(3) deep holes in tho solid stemmed
with coal dust in a mlno where gas Is
often reported nnd whore locked
lamps are used, Thoso minors nftor
waiting anywhere from flvo (!_) to
ten (10 minutes in tho cross-cut (tlmo
enough In any well managed mine to
allow tho smoke to clear whoro only
hIx (ti sticks of powder had boon usod)
went back to thoir work, oil" to his
death and* tho other very noar ir. it.
ThlH Is the ovidoneo of tho young
man: "Me iuul my mate go back; I
feel something in my head, stomach
and logH, . , ,slck. I know no more
till next day, Hnturdny; I find myself
in .rnnk Hospital."
Whon nsked If lie would ;;o hack
nnd work In tlm Fllalrinon* Mlno lio
shook his head ami said, "Nover. Too
much niiinko, nil the time—sninko,'
and thoso rcHpcnslblr* for this slato
iif affair.-  w'.-ro nimbi.* tn d-Tiy it.    In
(Continued on Pago !_)
Michel, 11 C.
Nov. IM, 10,
Dour air,—I should bn vory glad If
you would answer thn following quos-
tlonii through thn column*, of tlm Led-
(■.or. #   ,
1st. Cnn n commission be lognlly
collected whon an ttHslgnmoiit lu given
for n dobt contrnctnd wlion dm mnlcor
Ihih onrne-d sufficient money In waj-joi
In  rr\nr.t   tin*  r,r,\ti*ntir,n *
..nd. If thei -m«Vor of nn nrd*""* or
an nnslgnmont haa not oarncd enough
to pny tho ontlro amount of tho ordor
or nhiiiCTtnoni can Dw i*;irti---i upon
whom Hindu re fu ne to honor iho name
oven In pnrt, thnt l|i If an order mils
llll \..\f        'U.....4I.1       A',...        Xltlt'j ,,,ilf-l,'lV-
earned, cnn thoy rotuno to pay tho hitter iiinotiiit on account?
Answer to the first question-An
order or nwlinimr-iit Is a legal ili-nuind
for Its fare provided tho full nmoiiiit
Ih owing.
W'iDi    ii^Wil    tl»   Ilii*    hn-mliil    .M'ul-l
say no. a partial payment Is not »**»m
*iul..,u)   '*".!' ;:.i   **u   ca.viircv—*..*!  a:   .-i
<||| i-i It iJ   ill   the   Older.
In the vano rllti] in rnlloH ;ti'.iil'i|
jj-n. niriK of H-*>, Hie order or 'i**i-*'.*ii-
■ ni'-t.'t .-.hoiild nri-l: "I, John IM-, -!■■
j make  asslgitmont   tu   Richard      If"--.
upon Iho Oldemhout Furniture iv.rr.*
||>rtl,«.   W'l    *•*....*.•••»   Ltllll'll   «tlll_l_.l_-   lit   11.•*
noi to oxi-t-ml a sum of S5-V
In tho City Polico Court n colored
liiilivldunl of tho name of llrown was
brought up on n chnrgo of vagrancy.
lie was Heiileni-eil to 30 day-i, snd Is
now In tlm city Jul) awaiting duportn-
tlon to VrKiui.
Philip Adrlnn, the carpenter rhargod
with thr-ft In connect Urn with fltruth-
it's flro will be brought up for trial
to-morrow morn lag, lt is roportod lo
uh that the accused U not a memlu'r of
tho Ctirpentoro' Union.
HusIii"hh nt ClnrkiVH Hotel Is In n
(louriHhlng condition.     Hitvi*fttei*-ii of
Htopii Will be taken for tho liistliutlon
of tlto organlrjitIon In Kernle, The
association will be entirely separate
from any other, but will be affiliated
with tlm ll, <*, organization of lilm
The Firm Anniversary Services of
tho Mcthiidliit Church will be held
net! Sunday, Nnv, 27th, Subject of
morula,, we-mon: 'The I'rosent Nof-xl."
t_....(_n.    I,.,    ,\.n   f't-iyt. n„X I   ,t ,f
evening sermon'. "Principle*-- nf Pr.v
Krom-i.' splendid musical program for
Ills MuJi'Hiy'H guciilH hnvo nl«nei| thoiibo eteiilng servfccH,
repl. -r-r .lurlnp: th** w-vlr, which «!i*»k-<i Mr,r.-.-»jr <*■■*..■«___,.., No-, WDi, tl.o
well for tlm growing pnpulnrty of the j I.adleM' Aid will m-rie ,i Miinptmnin
Mnlnon d« Corniftlon and the   i.eal of'dinner from rt to S o'clock, which will
ll, "I."-,   r.l„     f,       X, '   I *     11      , 1     I  ■
„  _.    .  'iiim. at  K p.m.      AdmUslon to both
'dinner *ii,_| torni-rt .'fir. Conn-rt alone
:.r>i-, TM*. will he a iihynlial ami umii-
till   I rent,
Tho firm dance of tlm Fernio Dane
Ing  Assembly   was  ln-ld   In   Urine'-* i
.Member for the Rocky Mountain div .
Hall on Thursday nirht. when nbout:
fifty couplos n_'i'ii|i!eit He- floor, trlpp-!
li'.h U_.l-.it> to aaii*. ii.i !>■''..i .i f■-.ii.i"■!.-
ed by tho UiiniKey or* In-tra.      I'  !"■<
. i;nvl<*"J   that   tin. i     I,:.*        -..I!   !.r
one of tlii* i.iindp.il  fi .iiiiii-.*. id Iln--
evinlni: I'litntAtnincnf 'iurlin: Uie 'Aire
tie m*,im.ii,     iMncirig t*. iii take jiI.ii-j'.
.•wry nHn-man-i Thursday i.!-.-h'.     For
(■niil( Hhn h  ot  iiicriibernhlp  "i>ply   to
it. K.-niKily. ,
A Tii-wmm cl »h»> Retail M(-r(h»n*v '
Consiable Atitiur Ward nrn-Nt.'d nn
im! M-iiiftl liy Uie nainc of Urn-ns at
MlrtiH nn ffn* Mdi tint, Tlm culprit
in i iiiit.-ni -willi iin> iht-tt ni a trunk ,
l-.-In.iulnK to l.i-rn..ril Maloney. For-
iii'i.-ti.-iv he *m,.i- (.s'u!i« Ml.Hi- i re
i|«*;iw>i ifiK to Iir. aK iijf l> the Urilfik,
iuul v.a* tin-. i-lo> prv"<ent«il front K"t-
Hnc away «"ith any nf tl* <•«*"!*,"li'Tit*.
iirnorg which wife nom. JfiO in ninno-v.
rpfin hi-lng tirniiuht tip for •"■tatnlri****-
* I'mtwiUo As-toclatlnn took i-lare on;..on b-f-for* V. J- Hums. J. P., at SVw
In giving tho abovo Information wr-i Thursday evinlng, In  the r"liy Mall, i Ml-■.-/•I. he wan <ommlt(i*it for (rial c.t,
a*„-irne nn legal responnthllliy,    ami * nnd a fnrthor mc-etlnr will lm fcc-ld an 'W'dr.t^dty Dio  i*..h_ ar.*-! tp*nl \j^~
phi- the Ram-**- without pr-f-jii.llcf,       1 Monday nlRhl wh-tn the f-n-Hmlnsr)'jr.!ulit In it.-** city lockup. ,_      -y ff 7*
To Investigate  Cause
(Continued from Page 1)
court the evidence of Dr. Mackay was
"Death   from   suffocation."*
Miners of Blairmore. do not despair,
they are going to make the airways
larger; they are going to install a far;
that can do the work (next summer!);
they are going to do things but lie
patient, learn to wait (and sometimes
—this is a mere detail—die while wait-
ins)- '',,..
Mr. Pinkney, the coroner, In his address to thc jury stated that these
miners returned to their work too
soon after the firing. Under the
circumstances they did but had the
law been caried out and normal conditions prevailed they did not. I do
know about mining—Does Mr. Pinkney? I maintain that five Or ten
minutes is ample time to allow smoke
to clear in any°wcll ventilated mine,
. where only six ■ (6) sticks of powder
and three effective shots well planted
are used and be perfectly safe for the
men to return to work.
Mr. Pinkney if It was not safe ior
these men to go back to work why
was it not safe? Answer that ques-
' tion,  please.
Tliis is a poser when we have tbe
managers and government inspectors
declaring, (on oath) that there is
thirteen thousand (13,000) cubic feet
of air per minute with only thirty (30)
men to use it.
One of the' jurymen did ask the
question, "Where,does thc air go?",
but no "one knew. .We know that it
did not go to the * miners who were
suffocated in the angle of the Blairmore  Mine.
It might be as well for a coroner
living in a mining community to
study the conditions under which
men work before making statements'
that clearly show ignorance of even
ii rudimentary knowledge of the subject but if it is not practicable to do
this it is clearly within the scope of
his intelligence to study that it is a
coroner's duty when addressing a
jury to sum up the "evidence given by
'all parties and make recommendations
accordingly, instead of voicing opinions and gratutlously insulting men
who are trying to place the blame
where it belongs' and fix the.responsibility when human life has been
sacrificed. Yes,' Mr. Pinkney, if facts
prove, that, mon have been done to
death because of gross neglect on the
part of company officials we will not
fail to show it up regardless of any
unasked for observations you see fit
to make.
Sam Turner, fire boss, admitted in
evidence * that he had been knocked
out in a similar way in the same mine
and jury, the government inspector of
mines (Mr. Elijah Heathcote) and last
but not least the management of the
mine for detaining them seven ov eight
hours on a mere matter of smothering
a couple..-of miners. If any person
was detained from attending tb more
important business I am not to blame.
Speaking in all seriousness now theQ
prevailing notion must be removed
that half an hour is quite sufficient
for the investigation of any mine fatal*;
ity. There is one feature of these inquests that is noticeable and. that is
juries throughout the district are. more
painstaking than they formerly were.
Signed) ,,W. B.'POWELL,
President Dist. 18
U. M. W. A.
P.S.—Those who prate so loudly
about "Freedom" should give the following a little consideration: Six men
•who declined" to ' enter the Blairmore
mines because of the unfit conditions
were discharged '.'
"They are slaves who will not speak
For the fallen and the weak;
They are slaves who will not dare
All  wrongs to right, all rights to
every inquest that has been held within the past ten months, recommendations have beeen made by juries either
asking that the Coal Mines Regulation'
Act be more strictly enforced or more
safty appliances be used.. 7
I am glad to learn that steps have
been taken tb have the Sec.-Treas.
to petition the Legislative Assembly
of Alberta for the apppointment of a
commission for the purpose of making
a thorough investigation into the conditions that prevail in every mine and
mining camp in this province. Furtn-
c-rmore this commission would no
doubt find out things that would enable them to recommed amendments
| Letters To
The Editor I
ti** ***********
. The editor ,is   not   responsible for
articles that are sent in.
To theViditor of the "District Ledger,
.   yernfe, B.C
,-■ No  doubt by  this  time you have
to the Coal Mines egulations Act that ,-already, read in the papers something
would be .beneficial to the mineworker .'. about : the South Wales coal strike,
Editor, "District Ledger," Fernio,
B. C.
Dear Sir,—With your kind permission I would like to' place a few facts,
through the medium of the Ledger, before the mine workers of Alberta and
tlie public at large in order that they
may learn of the true state of affairs
that exist in the mines and have some
knowledge of the conditions under
which the man who produce the coal
are compelled to work.
First, let me assure you that, it is
with deep regret that I read the account of the terrible death u of our
brother Resac at Blairmore in the last
issue and more especially do I feel sad
after reading the verbatim report of
the-inquest so plainly showinw what
men have to submit to in order to
obtain a livelihood..
It is common knowledge that the
man who has to toil 8 hours underground every day, even under the very
best of mining conditions, is engaged
in a risky occupation, but when you
know that the mining laws of Alberta
(such as they are) are openly violated
by the officials of the coal corporations, despite the fact that the attention of the Chief Mine Inspector has
been called to-the infractions/then to
describe the situation as it deserves
is not possible to be done in the English language. -
As one of the officials, representing
the mineworkers in this district, it*became .necessary for me to write* the
two sticks of powder. Is that ventilation?        • .
Mr Turner is entitled to praise for the
efforts he put forth upon finding these
suffocated men, and it is very probable that after he drew thom into the
fresh air away from the poisoned an-
glo and applied resuscitat.Ive methods
tnat he was instrumental in saving
' the younger man's lifo.
It is to be hoped ihat the disastrous
effect of this wanton neglect may be
a lesson to those In charge of the
mines that will prevent, a recurrence,
The asphyxiation of men in the
mines of Alberta will nover become
popular among tho mlnoworkors* bocauso, whilo stern necessity compels
Ihem to work In order to oblnin a
livelihood niul the dangers of the occupation under the best conditions aro
by no means few, yot. It, not only Is
high tlmo that*, such events as tho
ones in question reaches n finality,
but we, as mincworkors, are determined that, thoy shall cense. ,
Penult ino to digress a littlo. On
bohnlf of rnysclf and tho representatives of tho United Mlnoworkors of
America, who attended this inquest,
lot mo offer an apology to tho coroner
The Legislative 'Asssembly is in seF '
sion and the time is opportune to ta.ke
such steps along the lines outlined aiid
see that some efforts are put forth
not only to the enforcement of the
statutes, but of adding such amendments and likewise seeing that they
do not become a.dead letter as wili
do away with all preventable ..accidents.,
Thanking you for courtesy in printing this letter,
I am, Yours for Justice,
(Signed) CHAS. GARNER.
Editor.—Tho rule to which Mr. Garner calls attention reads:
(b) Ah adequate amount of ventilation shall mean not less ihan one hundred cubic feet of pure air per minute
for each man, boy, horse and mule
employed in a mine and as much more
as the district inspector may direct.
Every mine shall be divided into districts or splits of not more than seventy ,mcn in each district and each district shall be supplied with a separate
current of fresh air. All intake air
shall travel free from alll stagnant,
water, stables and old workings. On
all main roads where a "door is required, the inspector may. order tliat
two doors shall be placed so that
while boxes "are being taken through
the one the other shall remain closed
and no air shall be lost..
If bo, wo would auk you to
onquiro nmon[.Ht yonr I'riondH
tlio vuluo of Zam-Buk for thin
ailment! You cannot but moot,
■with Homo ono who Jnw provod
how oxcollt-nL it in.
Mr. II. v., Hill of iSlif-vlin, Mun.,
wrilrst--" 1 MiiU'iicd a lung timo with
piti-i Mil irii'd iiiiini-tumi ri-iiu-'liiiH, liul
ttiUi'mt,''("i-cl. 11m i11h trird <v latnpln
■*f _-*..ti>I.>iI. nn-l licing ctif-iiiirn^cil hy
llm li-Biilt, I -n-rMivi-rt'il. imitijj two
l"i«i!i, ll wm-l.i-d liln tiisj,'ic, mul
i H'i.-1'ImI ii ."ijinjiti'l.. nir» in a fury nlinrl
Mr. iIiiiik-k Itml'ly nf Killnl'io,  Ont.,
 'I   i,,.ir„,„|   .,,„.,!„  t,.,,,„   Y,l1r.«
'I'll _ p.vu fri>fin tliufn—nH nnviiiid who
im.Iim Iruin iii-Nii will knuw--w.i» at*
iik.'I unlii "ir-ilii", 1 11 it; _ l.r.t, <>ni-
r-r>-«'ly *»"1 tl-«'»-knolUrr. but nil with*
mil i-fl'i-rt, Then I honrd iliont '/.rnn-
Ituk nud ilntcrmlntid tn vivo thli wen*
,(, r!nj Win 11 trill       T (ilitxifl-f-il n «-.im Iv
aim) ciiiiiniiiirr-il witli Ini*. tt>,'ill-n i;t, -li.'l
t<» my jrr<-»t joy, after jut'»v it* tun with
Znm link, I dl-l-tini-il j-eniinin-nt rulirf
fmm tlm «|'T..ii_'iiig pain 'if tlm pili-i.
llnvinx been ttned by Zstnliuk I
heartily rceomuitml tho htlm to nil
Z*mHuk 01*0 curt* ii.flj.m_u. soro,
ttrtrme, trntp torn, ulrert, *Ur*.u., raid
»<..«. cluiii-d'l ItiimK f.-jit Iiim. rn<j.
burnt Mid nil tklu Injitrit ■ mM di.rn.ini.
All dMifflttt nn-l tltite* Mil et H*U>x er
put tree from Z»m I««k Co.. Tw-mVs for
prte-u. !UfaM iobttimu-t etd iialUUcM.
"Chiennspeclor df_MineT"fof Aibet-tnT
Mr. John T. Stirling, on April 23rd,
1910, informing him of the outrageous
and inhuman conditions under which
the miners of Blairmore Colliery were working and adding that
if something was not done at once to
remedy existing conditions that there
was liable to be a fatar'accldont. In
view of the recent catastrophe this
correspondence is of peculiar significance, and therefore below I give you
copy of. the letter from Mr, Stirling.
"Government of the Province of Al-
"berta, Department of Public, Works.
"Refer to file 1310.1
"May 28th,  1010.
"Sir,-—With further reference to your
"letter of 23rd April, and our letter to
"you of 2(!th April, we bog to inform
"you that Mr. 1*1. Heathcote, District
'Inspector of Mines, has Investigated
"tho complaint, made In  your hitler,
"and he Informs us that the vonllln-
"lion of,tlio mine Is good, nnd wo can-
"not underslnnd why It. should be no-
"cossnry for men to bo carried  out
"of the mlno In a semi-conscious condl-
Your obedient servant
"Chas. (larnor, Esq.,
"Intornatlonal  Hoard  Mombor,
'Untied Mine Workors of America,
'Lothbrldgo, AUa.
Now,  having:  tho  rer.il  Mils  letter
."luothifi the statomont, of Mr. Elijah
l.louthcnio, I ask you to wo!f.h tlio matter cavofiilly and thon read iny letter
.1 "oi > of whicli Is hore givon
"Lethbridge,   Altn.
"Juno 2nd, 1010,
Mr John Stirling, Provincial In,spud or
"of Mines, Edmonton, Alta.
"Sir,—Your lot tor of May 2Sth rn-
reived In rofiircncc as In whal. Mr.
10, Heathen!.*, District Inspector, my a
"about this ventilation of tlio West.
"Canndlan Colliery Mlno, llliiirinnro, lm
"Ing good, and If Mr. Iloatlicolo chIIh
"ventilation good when miners havo
'not to ciinic lioine nvcry day after
"winking In powder unioke nbout four
"hoiiik liiHlcml uf being nbli- lo work
"cli-lii hours, 1 pity wlml lie would
•mil hail i'ioiii ihn iiiliM'-wnrl'nrH'
".Mlilnlpoliit, nnd I lie-; leiive to cnll
">iiiir nt 1 i-iii It jii to Out fact that Gen-
il.il lllllr .".I liuli; li,) !,. lmt In-Ill*,
"lived up In, ami nt-l. ynu nn belii'lf
"(if snid i-inplnyei-!. lu Kindly i.-iiI'oiti*
'Mill!  lieelloll  Of Ilie Colli   MIlM'S   liogll-
"laiIon   Ad   of  Albertn,
Yoiirn truly,
,; (Slum-ill   I'll.VH. GARNER,
Intel tint lonal llimt'd
* Wednesday evening's entertainment,
when the Royal Welsh Ladies' Choir
appeared in Fernie "at, the Miners'
hall, may be summed up in the brief
sentence of several who were there:
"I wish it had lasted longer; it was
all too short."
The program, selected evidently
with the greatest of care, was, rendered in - its several parts so exceedingly well that one can particularize
with difficulty. Madame Hughes
Thomas certainly is entitled to a large
mead of praise from all lovers of
song on the discrimination which she
has shown in the selection of her
artistes, the absolute control which
she exercises over them, and last,
but not least, the more than maternal
care,   which    she   bestows    on    her
proleges-outside-—of—their musical,
duties, As an illustration we may
mention the fact that, although invitations were given to some of the
young ladies by some of their countrymen, in a truly gallant manner, these
wero not allowed to be accepted, and
one may-compare this supervision to
that of a duenna over an eligible
maid of Andalusia.
After the rendition by the choir of
two-part songs, the "Dear Homeland,"
by Miss Megan Harries, was sung in
a manner which gained the interest
of tho entire audince. Her soulful
expression, clear enunciation, and
rich contralto tone demonstrated the
finished artiste in such a manner as
to leavo no opportunity for criticism.
Space is all too brief to pay full
tribute to this aggregation of songsters, but wo cannot pass by' without
making special mention of Miss Nansi
Langdon, who sang from tho wings
of tho stage In the operatic scona
"Miserere," and as her beautiful tones
swelled out, flooding both tho stago
and nudltorlum with its liquid beauty,
tho nudlonco sat enraptured; but. (ho
climax of fooling was reached whon
In solo she rendered tho old Scotch
molody "My Aln Folk" with a benuty
of diction, a quality of expression,
and' n soulfullness that appealod to
all and ovory Individual In tho audience in n way that has probably
never beforo boon oxporloncod In
Fernio, Other numbers which nro
most assuredly entitled to commendation aro tho "Poor Wandering Ono,"
by Miss lloatrlco Langford, who
possesses n volco of extraordinary
flexibility, that is hoard to great, nd-
vant ago as sho warblos out In bird-
liko tono tho dollclotis trills nnd runs
with whicli tho ploco abounds; In the
"Eiichnntreim," MIhh M. Lewis, ns a
contralto soloist, demonstrates con-
(•luslvf.ly that she Ih, poHHOHBod of a
voice of runs volumo and Hwoot. expression, her lower register bolng ox*
(•optionally good,
To Hum tip, wo mny Hay that tho
porfnriniiwo wiih a delightful ono, and
wo hope that, (liln first concort may
be repented at hoiiio not far distant
There wero a vast number of nieni-
bei-H of on-niilzeil labor who fulled tn
be union men at the polln on the I.Hi
of November.
but knowing that often reports that
reach Canada are not strictly in accordance with facts. I thought that perhaps a few details from one on the
spot would not. be out of place, particularly as-there are quite a number of
my own .-".duntrymen working along the
Crows .west.'    ,
As far as I can learn there has been
unrest for some time past.     There
has been a conciliation committee in
t've South Wales coal trade that have
been figuring on the new seam at the
Fly pit, which is one of the pits connected witli the Cambrian Valley Coal
Trust.* There has been considerable
jugggling backwards and forwards"for
over a,year, until a crowd of them got
so tired of waiting tbat they threw
down their picks. Then the company
locked out the whole of the men in
their employ about one thousand. This
was* the fuse that started tlie racket,
and caused all of the men who wero
working for this Cambrian Valley Co.,
about 12,000,!'to show their belief "-in
the justness of the cause of their fellow workers. Hasty meetings1' were
called, and that well-known "Maboii,"
President.of the South Wales Miners'
Federation, and a small gang of his
"clique, got the men to go back to work
until the question had been settled as
to whether they would be supported
by a special levy or not. This took
ovei- a month, and thq men, chafing
as was natural, and so at the end cf
the month the men decided to wait no
longer, as they were anxious to bring
the matter to an issue, and out they
went. Later the mine workers officials drew up a price list, and when
it was put to the vote the men turned
it down. Blacklegs were, introduced,
and then the strikers got on their high
horse. Early in the morning, after
a call on the bugle in Clydach Valley,
which was evidently part of an arrangement, a crowd consisting of-men,
women and children, headed by a fife
band, started off towards - the - pits.
Tlie police tried to 'stop them, but
their efforts were useless, and they
stopped all the ventilation fans and
also drew., fires of the boilers. There
were' quite a number of bruised heads
that the cavalry has been sent down
there to^take a hand-in.-,the -matter.
Altogether there are over 30,000
men out,' this is on,account:of other
men having gone out* on strike.* as
well as the" 12,000 already mentioned.
There has been quite a lot of property
I believe damaged at'the Powell.Duff-
ryn Collieries, in the Aberdare Valley,
and there Is no tolling where it will
end. any of these peoplo are a bit
sick of the dilly-dally tactics of their
leaders, who sent to think that they
can hold the men, regardless of what
conditions they aro working under.
There Is some talk of an election, and
probably before you get this it will be
definitely known when it Is going to
tako place, Those peoplo aro ripe
now lo be taught what is the meaning of, the class struggle, but there
lmvo boen so mnny various individuals
who label themselves Socialists that
they are inclined to be disgusted with
parliamentary action, Thero are amongst thom, howovor, a fow who nro
able to distinguish between tho commodity strugglo and the sc-nulno class
struggle, but In tho main Ihey simply
know thai thoy nro not geltting whal
thoy aro entitled to; but Instead of
studying up tho mattor, thoy are much
like a bull In a chlnn   shop,
May write you again If anything of
Interest takes placo.
Yours In tho scrap,
" anil.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms,
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's   Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
August 6-11.
we will come to your rescue, provided that you have had the forethought to ■ secure one of our
policie. Today is not too,late, to
increase or secure ■>
Tomorrow may be. You little
realize how reasonably such security may be bought. May we
have the opportunity  to  explain?
PAID-UP  CAPITAL,  $10,000,000.
, RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000
Interest at the current rate is allowed on all deposits of $1 and
upwards in this Department.    Careful attention is given to
every account.   Small deposits are welcomed.
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons,
withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the sur-
' vivor.   Full and clear written instructions  as  to  who is to
make the withdrawals should always  be  given  to the Bank
when opening accounts of this nature.
.Insurance and Reai Estate
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised ...,$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital  Paid  Up    $5,330,000.00    Reserve  Fund  $5,330,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver.and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
On Sunnily, tho 13th of Novombor,
iho Socialists of Kdmonton, Alborta,
hold two rousing moot Ings, protesting
agnlnst lho extradition of Fedoronlco,
tho Russian political refugee, Tho
ono In tho aftornoon was In tho Socialist Hull of tho Ukrnlnlnii SuoIuIIhIh,
and Uio othor In tbo Lo (irand Theatre,
whiMi lho spoiikoi'H woro C. M, O'Hrlen,
SocIiiIIbI AI. h. A„ .-".rii'melo of Toronto,
Stovo Todchuk, and a IIuhnIhii comrndo from Wlunlpog. Tho cnlloctlmiH
ninoiinlod to $-ll_.f>0 ovor and ahovo
tho nxpoiiHi'ii of tlio inr-ellng, from
which wiih tnlcon one dollar fifty for
tin' |iurims(.> nf hnvlng lho rcHolulloiiH
lypi'Wi'llllnii.Ko Ihat tlmy could In1
..l-.u.'d In *i'-tllion form, and llio bnl
Fernie Opera House
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles, Sash, Doors
has a variety of meanings, but
you won't be "out of pocket" if
you invest - in our excellent
"Trim' foi- carpenters "and build-
and well ■"   - •
and  is  free from warpings or.
other    imperfections.      While .
high quality rules here   so do
low price's.
Phone 23 P. O. Box 22
any <*U0HtlonB tlmt thoy soo fit donl-
Iiik wllh the subject under dlscuHKlon.
Tho SoclnllHt movement Is nn oducn-
llonnl ono, nud II.h philosophy can only
'bn Hjirend by obliiluliiK n knowledge
of It. Innornnco Is iho mol hor .of nil
nur l roubles, nnd tlioy who uro nnxious
tn know whoioln lies tlio remody
should iiuihI HHHiiredly eiidouvoui' to
seek I'or tlio UhuwIhiIku. If you do
mil believe in SocIiiIIhiii, then ynu
iiuihI believe Hint llm present system
Hoosevelt nnd Urynii cnn ciiiihoIc
wllh i-iich otber, Neither nf tliem
fif-em  to be nppl-erllileil,
m-'illciil nlleliililliee mill 11 lllltse.
Im rlKhl, nud ynu nrn thnrcfiu'o cor-
linen nf if ll lum boon Heiit lo ,1 llertltnl, [dlnlly Invited to ennui und show tho
ri!.!!, I'i'lit'liiii'il fllrool, WlnnlpoK, lo IioIHoi'IiiIIhIh Hint  which  you roiiard iih
luriiishiiiK ii wruiiK Milulluu lo tho
iniiiiy mh'.IhI mils thnl are exhMln<r.
It hnn been truly snld Umi, tho nitin
who licKltntes is lost, mid wn hope
flint iinnr- will hnve uny •hcultiitinii
not only of ultniiilliiK llicHO uioofliiKH,
but  nlso of nlitnlniiiK *'iiUp..Henmont
CUiVV'i.'-.'wi'N'G LViUt-KCL
■■J.. *. V.'il-.-,,   \l!-i '
I   'vlll  luldr*"-*!** tnyw'lf lo nny fnlr-j 	
minded person nud ask If 1 expressed \    Th(. ,.„s(,. r,.iniifnl that  can be ml
my-ielf iu iani-uii*-*," uh hi rum; uh tb
ndded to the Kedcironko Defence hind,
The un-elli'M; In tin,* Le (initid thenire
wiih the I'li-Bt nf a mui'Ioh thnl the Kn-
clnllKtH liiit.nl fo bold every cvoiiIiik
diirllii-' the  winter when  fill  who lire
'    JlniereHlr-il   In  Idiou'lii.**  more  of 1 IiIh
The Itepubllciin party Is iu need <»1 i world-wide movement will   not   mil-,
■ li'ivi*'  "in '-......vtiiiilfv In  lliten  tn lho
Prepare for
and Winter
Wo havo just cleared our summer slock out and now wo aro
ready lo fit you up for tho winter from head lo foot, If you aro
looking for tho futuro and Intend to savo your monoy purchase
your goods from us, Wo lmvo Just bought lho stock of Mr. Jamos
Iiuddad and now wo aro carrying a vory largo Block of.Indies' and
gouts' furnishings, Trunks and valises, In fact, everything for
men, women nnd children, ■
Our $1,25 Sweater Coats lmvo no equal. Our |1.75 Pon Anglo
Undorsuits have thom all beaten.
Our Suits aro Just the kind you need for stylo and durability.
Wo carry a largo assortment of Boots nnd Shoos, tho bost uoloc-
tion that money and brains can buy.
Nuxl lo WIkwuiii r*iindy Storo
Noxt to N'ortliorn Hotn
Notice   In   hereby   Klvnn   Unit   nfliM-
he expiration    of    	
date,   J,   David   Kclti'i-Hlcy,   Inlnml   lo
y   dnyH from
nn nnv pluiHe of lho Hubject (rented
upi-ly In the lliiuoriilili'i tlm i,hli-f
('I'mmlHMlmi'-i' of I.iuuIn. for it ll..>«iim.<
In pi-oiipi-i-t i'or coul nml po l ml cum on
the I'ollowluw ili'Hi-rlln-il IuihIh hI tu n I oil
within  lul  -intiii,  ilrouii    1,    ICooti-Miiy
|)|hI|'|i-I, Conillli-lii-lliK Ht II poM
plnnt ml 2(10 I'l-ct noi-ili of tlin nurlli-
wenl roi-ni'i- oi' lnt lllllll, them-p norlh
SO cliii)mm, thi-ni'e i-iint mi clintiiH, thi>ni'i»
.-until  Ml  rl'lilllH,  tlil-IUM"  Wl-Hl   K0  clmtliM
10 pliu-e of ruinim-iii'i'iut'iil, '.'iiutiiliilnit
11 Id  hitch  ilium in-  ll'HH.
I ■■i-iilcd   thin   'J7tli   dny   of   Oetiilii-r,
DAVID Ki'M-ri-.ltSI.I'.V, T.oi'iitiir,
IVr   Win.   I'l-'Kon,  Ant-iit.
WIIIH-HH--K. A. Hlniir-.       ' in-r.t
vni'loim Hpenkers, but nlso may iihIi |iipiiii,
jciise wnrrnniH.
; It U not my policy In <-rlili-li-.it nuy
I r.mi-'iuiy nr "miiiviiiual uniesn i tinneM*
I ly hell.-ve Hint It Ih needed, but I Hlute
■ piihltlvely thai <ho mining laws of Al
jtii-rta are nnt only ipilfe froi-ueiiHy
jbroki-n by iIioho operating iho mines.
jbut that there are District Mine In-
i epec tor s who are well aware of the!
i tact. Vti'il hlieli lii- tlii- him. ir, lii,
I no meaiiH aurprlnlnu to those    who
(UliUJ,   U,,il   MlllU!  Lit  till.': .M.,1.!  in.i|ici:
jmnt w<-r<* poult Iv.- fallun.-. na mlno
j i-iffU lals and wit" n-ln*wd nf flu-lr
jduKen bocaiihct the. wm.; unable to
j fulfil them propt-rly.
I I l»_ li*-v_ thai Hit* timo hia now nr-
| rlvc-*. whi-n *»'*. .'m ifiitieworker* of
jitmutct 1\ *Vio*i»lii liiWi* n i.H*>*rni.n«*-'.
utand nnd fn*t|**i ih.-t th<* wholesale
Hlaitiihti-r uf our fellow workers shall
como and moto t*t*«Mly U ihl» no-
tftxtary whon we know that at nearly
vtim-cd n,.nInsi thi* uHHi'i'llon of llio I
labor hiiteiH Ihnt the Times nf I.oh j
iiii'i.i,.". «--ii_ iiihwn nn bv unionists
is ihe fait that ',',() former i-uipjoy.-ort .
titken out rardi in the I.T.I _ since ;
the illHiiHtnr. !
John   11.   KtephemH,  "the   working '
nuiii'ii candidate' fnr governor of Colo-
i rndo,  wan  Inst   seen  climbing  PlkoH
Peak to get u view of iho ruins ol
Hr-imblicanlHin lit the Ontontilnl mnlo.
How's This?
Wt «.tl»T ••>■-■■ UxtiinA (Mian Itf-wiM tit »iiy
mm ol -muni* iui run nut _*• turcl l<y llalll
Cnurrh V\>rr.
r. S. CHISKV -*> CO., tolnJo. O,
ft*, lh* istinrtltvtni, t__» luiown  V. J. t.litni-y
tur llwlmrt II lmt*. »,-i-1 tMlli-it* iillli imlidij- li'i*.*
cnUr M  alt (.i.-inru tramut'ltdna ami  llnanrlally
r_U* V. <~usk -I i*. •"*'. iiUu-i'.'-i-1! I'-i-l** I'i I'l*1 Ai'"1
.ViiKiSAL IU« tit r-mmrnri*.
TdMo. OM*.
Ilkll'f r-surrh riitr |< t_tki-n tnirmaltf, aritnt
iflrrrllt' ur«n it,i> W,*.k| »n.t miirnua turlan: nt tlm
UtraVrn. *lr..iri,_r,i_l« mt tn*. Mt* !i <**— t*t
\Mxlt   ft'.iis Hi ii« .Krufiiatt
TtU Hia • tatutr >'-u* if taatMtaWa.
The Value of Good Stationery
Too much 8tros8 can not bo laid upon tho importance of sending out your corrospondonco in a manner
that will oroato a good improssion. Don't save money
by first attacking your expenditures for stationery.
Get tho best. The impression created by good business
stationery is lasting, and many a house haa lost business owing to the fact that letterheads, advertising, otc,
were gotten up in such a manner as to leavo the
receiver under the impression that tho concern sending
out such matter wa» doing business in an attic. Send
your ordors for well printed matter to this office.
Notice* Ih hereby Riven llmr. Iho co*
pilllllUlhlllp   IH.-ll.Hlf III U    hllu.jKi-iiih    t.c*
Ih'i-i.'.   13,-t' ii'*dfi*:*l.!'i*i*'l  n;i iireblfeptn,
under Uio firm nnmo of U*-;*;, h I laid-
uno, nt Fornio and N'olson, H, C„ has
thla  dny  boon  dlHHolvi-d  hy  mutual
coiidoiit.   Tho biiHlnosR will lioronftor
be carried on   by   William Ilaldann
undor lii«  own niiine, by wtitun nb
debtfl of tho old firm will bqi paid,
nnd to whom all mitt-nandlm*. accountH
duo tho old firm nro to bo paid,
r-Vrnlt\ n. C, Oefob*»r 10, 1010,
******* ********************
Fresh.   Cut
House ancl Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets,
Loiik Dial mien Plioim S77
% x
* •
\titn* oi-iieix will lii-t-i-m pitiiiipl
ti-iitliiiuiiiil  ytili xxXXX lii* jilin*-frt v,
wlml wo "iiiiil ymi.
a m
JuiIkIhK fitnn Dw \\H:w.i icpuitu Cl
rnllroitdB running wost from Chlentto
mny be tlo-d up from a threatened on-
alnocrhK' strike. It such a strike
Hikes place, It is to be hoped that the
other trade* and era. In In tho railway
service will respond to the striko nnd
walk out with tho <.-iiK.ne«.-r>i, U-u» d.-
momlratliiR to the "aristocracy of
labor' tlmt ronl unionism prevails nm
on-j iht* railway brotherhood.
Notico Is horoby Klvon that application will bo mado by tho Crow's Nest
k Northern Hallway compnny lo tho
loRlslnturo nsBombly of tlio Provlnco
of llrltlsh Columbia, nt Us next ses-
Hlon, for nil net lo nxtuml Um lima for
tho commencement of tho construction uf it* runway, und fur lliu ox-
pondlturo of 10 per cent, on tho
nmount of tho cnpltal of tho said company, as provided by subsection (fi)
of section it ol thc British Columbia
Hallway Act.
Solicitors for tho Applicants.
Dated at Victoria, n. C, this 10th day
of Octobor, 1910.
Now that the* Alberta Legislative
Assembly has once more convened we
will resume   reporting   their   doings
* from time to time, * and .for this purpose have engaged a special correspondent who will keep the members of District 18, and the readers
oi The District Ledger generally," informed on those matters of peculiar
interest to them. The first gathering
took place ou November 10th.
' In compliance with, your request I
once,again assume the duties of correspondent and now report for the
first time the proceedings of the assembly for this session,
' Micheper, M. L. A., for Red Deer,
who was elected as "an independent
(whatever this, may really mean) was
chosen as leader of the Conservative
party. The new members were introduced to tho speaker, in accordance
with the usual custom., The representative from McLeod, who was
elected on an independent Farmers'
ticket, was presented by tho leader
of the Conservative party. This pra--
tically was all that was done on,Nov.
10th, wl-pn the house adjourned until
tho Mth lo consider the speech.from
tlie throne. Upon the body convening
on.the date mentioned, eulogizing in
their speech both tlie King and lhe
government. This.concluded, the leader* of tlie so-called opposition made a
lengthy speech criticizing tho party
in power, and calling them .autocratic, adding that his party should
be called tho people's party. He
praised democracy, and advocated tho
loaning of monoy at low Interest-by
the government to the farmers.
Premier Sifton, in his reply, clearly demonstrated that.the so-called independents, were really masquerading
conservatives. He spoke with great
rapidity, at some length, and after he
had concluded, Bennett, the Conservative from Calgary, and attorney for
'   tho C. P. R., took the floor and also
-engaged in a speech that was likewise
full   of   denunciations,   characterizing
. tlio speech of the premier as ranting
and irresponsible, ancl charging the
government with not conforming to
tlio constitution by the establishment
of heretofore unheard of precedents.
Tie also spoke loud ancl long. Attorney General Mitchell then addressed
the assembly, most of his time being
taken up with abuse of the Conservatives, This concluded Monday's doings.
On Tuesday, a-number of bills were
introduced, among others was one
brought forth by C. M. O'Brien, (the
only Socialist members in the house,
_ and,   representative    of <* the ' Rocky
Mountain division) to the effect that
, the members of this assembly request
the minister of justice at Ottawa to
l_Tus_-th_—requosts""of ""tile7
authorities, and not surrender Lovvo
2<edorenko, against whom a trumped
up charge has been laid for .ho purpose of .getting him back,, to inflict
punishment, solely because ho was
been connected with political movements.
'  Touching,upon the speech from the
throne, O'Brien said in part:.
"Every member of this assembly is
supposed  lo have    tho    privilege  of
speaking on every.question that comes
up for consideration.   This has been
called an autocratic govornment, but,
. when I was denied ,the privilege on
tho 2Gth day of May last, of dealing
with   the   resolution .regarding   the
^ death of King Edward, they who have
been so    loud    in    stigmatizing the
party in  powor as autocratic, these
constllntlonnl-lovlng,   Democratic-Con-
sorvativo-lndopondont • People's  party
had an opportunity to show if thoy
really monnt wlint,  thoy " professed,
But no!     To'a man theso solf-sanio
individuals* jumped  to their  foot  In
dofonso of, not democracy or constitution, but    lo    assist this 'autocratic
government'   to    prevent   mo   from
speaking  at  all, ' I  nm  not urging
you  to  prnctlco  democrney,  wo  Socialist h preach democrney but do not
even protend to prnctlco It, for tho
Ftimplo ronson Ihnt wo know that It.
Is impossible In  a social system di-
' vldod Into clnsBoa wlios Intorosts aro
dlinnetrk-nlly opposod  lo onch othor.
Wo prnctlco democracy Insofar ns It,
will pny uh In our flghl against the
rulo of capital; but, wo llkowlso nro
uulocrnllc, whenever wo think 11 will
pay bont,
Wo lmvo hoard both   tlio   groator
mid  tho  lesser   lights    of    tho   old
parties abuse each other a great deal,
and we have every- reason to believe
that what they have said of each
other is perfectly true. I only wish
the wealth-producers of Alberta could
have been here and heard what was
said, as it would have done more for
the Socialist movement,, than I can
ever hope to do.
The only feature that to my mind
is worthy of remembering came from
the premier when** he"-* stated that
cheap money would , not assist the
farmers, as there are many places
where farmers get everything much
cheaper than they do in this province, and yet arc no better off. He
also went into considerable detail on
the position of the farmer, showing
the marvelous increase in productive
power that they possessed in comparison with the farmers of bygone
days; yet, in many respects, the
farmers of old lived bettor than their
modern   successors. The   old-time
farmers wore good warm clothing,
made from the wool of nature, and
from the'wool of the shop; tliey ate
puro food for fifty-two Sundays and
many holidays they toiled not,, but
feasted.   "
Mr, O'Brien, continuing on this subject, slated that tho make-up of capital compels thc modern farmer, as it
does the rest of (tho slave class, to
surrender what they produce, and. receive in  turn a wago-^the  price of
tlieir labor power. ,   This wago does
not enable  them to buy  good  clothing and pure food, but-clothes them-'
selves" in shoddy, and eat coarse adulterated  food;   and  even    of    these
thoy do  not get any large  quantity.
Rest days, holy days are few and far
between; Sundays, oven, are not free
from toil.   ' Th-Sy are forced to seek
cheaper   methods   of- living   and   the
catalogues    of   tlio   gigantic   department stores "is their modem family
Bible.      Wherever   there   is   slavery
thero you will find proverty, no matter • what  the  productive  powers  of
the   slaves   may   be.      The   farmers'
supposed   ownership   of  .property   is
merely a cloak to conceal servitude;
the -real owners of any property are
thoy  who   get  tho  benefits  thereof,
and we nee'd * only to look to the instance of the TJniteed States of America  to' demonstrate  this,   as  their
soil and climate and chance-for mar-
that of Canada.    "A very small percentage of the farmers arc free from
debt;   true- of  late   a. 1-jrgo   number
of mortgages lias been lifted, and so''
has- the  farmer.   ■ Wealthy  corporations are are going into farming oh
a largo scale, and  the real farmers
are fleeing to Canada;    and although"*
the   land   these   same   farmers   are
leaving-4s   selling—at—prices-pranging-
from ?100 to $200 per acre, the real
price is going to the real owners, as
is conclusively shown by figures furnished'by the'Dominion government,
that   tho    average    settlers    coming
liere   from   U.S.A.  bring   with   them
In cash "and effects about $811.
Tho speech from tho throne admits
failures of crops, but attributes this
largely to tho poor methods of farming. Scientific farming is much
the easier and more productive method ;  farmers, liko .all others would
of the slave class or to the increased
cost of living that is attracting attention the world over. It would indeed
be interesting to. hear some of the honorable members tell us about the democratic make-up of the Privy Council
and how the highest tribunal of, the
empire is elected.
1 used to think that they who were
seeking to be elected were after the
big pay and the prospects of graft; I
find .however, the meaoley little pay
would not cover the actual expenses of
the average member. As to graft,
this is largely exaggerated on the part
of disgruntled members of your own
party, much to which is very petty. If
there is anything worth while having
perhaps a few of the shining lights
do particpiate, but it comes out of the
Strathconas, Morgans, aiid tiie rest of
tho capitalists, who will see to it that
the members of parliament, like their
coal miners and bank clerks, only get
so much per. There is'not a single
millionaire in this assembly. , You are
not capitalists, but merely represent
the interests of capitalists; my interests are identical with those of tho
party I represent—we are propertyless
•tor opot cash.  JO to 60% moro money for you to 6hlp Raw Furs nnd Hides to os than to
sell at home.   W rito lor Price List. Market Report, Shipping Tags, and about our      *-
_M Edition,
  ?ll»,000 Book
410 r««, leather bound. Best thine on ths subject ever written.  Illustrating ill Fur Animals. AU
about Trappers SMr.ts, Decoy!, Traps, Duma Uwl. How and where lo trap, and to become a »ue- '
coastal trapper.  It's a rcsular L'ucyclopeiia.  P_ica.tl. Toourcustrauen, $1._5. Hidoj tanned into
bnntifnl Rntwa.   Our Magnetic Bait and Decoy attractsanimalj to traps, tl.00 per kettle.  Sliip _  ur
Bides and Furs to ns and get __i*_l_os_ piicea. Andench Uros., l>ent. 31    MInni.-np(ill_!,_tl____»
that have borne the sacrifice and toil
aiid expense of sustaining tbe unions
should sit idly by and see their members punished for their loyalty, and
the scabs rewarded for his treason to
his class.
The open shop never was anything
except an insidious and indirect attack on trade unionism and trade
union principles. ,.
. An industry cannot really be union
and non-union at the same time, and
the trade" union is not completely recognized until' it is able to insist on
the closed shop.
There is only,. one place where a
union is justified in waiving this demand and tliat is where the union
cannot get it.
follow thojlno of least resistenco if
thoy could'; but poverty compels
them to use methods that are clumsy
and oxpenslve. Wo hape heard a
great deal about tho homes'that tho
bolng built" in Alborta. Thero aro
somo slave'"homos' (shacks)' within
n, stone's throw of this assembly, and
thoy aro mansions compared with
what the avorago farmer's family has
to llvo in,
Why should the farmers bo compelled to suffer as most of them do, whon
tbey havo assisted In producing a
number of good crops? 1 notico thoy
who farm lho farmers (ho not suffering,
Tho Consorvnllycs lmvo said llinl
tliey were not, allowed lo crldolxo the
netloiiH of tho Lieutenant Governor, In
olden times' tho King could do no
wrong, but yonrs havo elapsed and wo
lmvo lind Liberals nnd Conservatives in
power both In l-liiRlnnd nnd ln Canadii,
who mako thoir boast of democracy,
liberty, or-unllly nnd yot wo must not
erlllclzo tho roprosontntivos of tho
King, Nono of Iho honovnblo mombors have touched upon tho great
social problems of tho day. No re-
lorem-o has been mado to llio poverty
"The we of alum and tall* of alumina in
food ahoutd be prohibited,"
—Prof. Wcod, Harvard Univ.
Safeguard Your Food
by Using Always
r.PRiCt S
bmmnu rhmatn
made front Grapes
Its purity, wholesome-
ness and superior
leavening qualities
are never questioned.
Fifty Years the Standard
By Clarence Darrow
- Trade Unionism had a,long and
bloody fight before it won the right
to organize; but to-day .few men, however hostile to the cause of lnbor,
would dare deny, this right.
It is now generally admitted that
working men should have the right to
organize foi* mutual help provided they
tlo nothing with their unions except
to hold meetings and pass resolutions.
v The attacks on unionism, are now
made'directly, and are mainly made
along the line of the* demand for an
open shop—that is the right of.the
employer to hire union or non-union
men as he sees fit.  , o
Of course, there can be small chance
to doubt wliich he will choose, so long
as the matter is left to him. * For this
reason the hottest, battle over unionism is over the closed shop.
In this struggle both combatants are
perfectly logical and both are working directly for their class; the feelings of the great mass of men will be
determined by their ■ selfish interests
and their natural sympathies for one
side or the other in this conflict.
The financial interest of the employer and the employed are' diametrically opposed to each other.
The employer buys his coal and his
iron as cheap as he can.
For the  same- reason he buys  his
■laboi___as_cherip as he-can. *__	
lie knows that his prosperity depends on selling his product high and
buying his raw material cheap.
He knows that to sell high he should
control and .limit his product to'make
it' scarce and dear, ancl that to buy
cheap he should be able tb get his raw
material in the open, unrestricted markets of tho world.
The employer is interested in buying
his labor the cheapest he can and tho
workman is interested in selling his
labor as high as he can, '
The humanity of either employer or
workman has nothing to do wllh the
case, for unfortunately the laws of
trado have nothing to do with humanity.
Thus far, tho working man has no
means of controlling tho supply of
labor except his union.
Industrially tho business man is interested in buying his labor at lho
cheapest price and working It lho,
longest* hours and under the cheapest
nnd poorest conditions,
Tlio unions of working men nro
formed to bring about lho opposite
results; and to do this Ihey must interfere with what tho employer, hns
always conslderod his business.,
So from tho employer's ulnntlpoint
tho union Is meddlesome and expensive and destructive of tho employer's
"Most ompIoyorR novor seem lo know
Hint thoy do not own lho business,
Thoy own. lho plant; tho worknujn
owns,tho lnbor, and tho two Intorosts
must ngroo lo mnko n''business,
Hitler ns hns boon the disputes over
lho opon filiop, tho employer nnd tho
workmnn have always ngrcod upon tno
fad h.
Tho employer knows Unit tin.* open
shop moniiK moro work and lorn pny
nnd pnoror conditions nnd more pio-
Tho workmnn knows tlmt tho dosed
shop mon iih moro pay, loss work,
shorter hours nnd bottor conditions.
It Ih I'or UiIh roiiHon that, tho division
Ih so dour nnd sharp between tbo nol-
flHh IntoroHtH and the i.yinputlit'/orn of
■olthor Hldo,
IiiHllncllvdy both Hides Know thn*.
Iho open nnd cloned dinp in runlly vltnl
n lho life of ilio union, nnd lho employer who Ih ngnliiHt the cloHt'd uliop
Ih iiKnliiHt thn union whol hor ho understand*-! the caB-**- or nnt.
To deny working mo", the rlfclil. to
or.riir.iy...*) Ih no longer posslbL in thin
or nny othor '."airly clvllUod land.
Uul giving llio employer llio iIrIiI
to hIiooho union or non iin'oi) mon iih
ho will, tho iidvnnlnfiii Ih ulwuya with
tho. non-union man who In effect Ih ii
(.1,11 fill*    to    ilii*.    t_»o.i. .
Tbo non union mnn ''* dinoon he-1
onxxno hn ntnudR nlono, bocnuHO ho
Is hoBlll" to IiIh follow.), liornimo ho
Ih t-iiHily controlled, mid bccaiuo hi
nil oiiiei'K'-iiclt-H ho cun bn depended
upon to bi'lniy and dofi-nt IiIh follow
"WtirKIIIIIU   ■"'    H"1   ('*'-'   l"'-'*-"1*    M-111 nil
Under iiii open Hhop 'li" linrdOHt,
mont (Iiiiik"i*oiih Job, tho lon-.r-.-'Ht lionrH,
nnd the Kiiiiilli-.it pay goes lo Dw union
mini, while tin* finny plncr-H, HhortoHt j
By Elizabeth H. Thomas
She was just a pale little woman,
dressed in cheap mourning. She carried a pale little baby and two pale
little children clung to hor skirts.
"Is this iho place where the mothers get the pensions?' she' asked
Tlie fat lawyer scowled, because he
saw by her clothes that not very much
money could be got' from lier. But lie
knew* by experience that some money
can be made even from poor widows.
So, ho toook the,cigar from his mouth
and asked shortly, "Was your husband
a soldier?'
"No,' said the small woman. "Ob,
no! lie was just a brakesman,'killed
in a railway smashup.' *
"Then why do you want a pension?"
said the lawyer sternly. .
. "Becauso I haven't any coal, and
Joey and Kitty need shoes, and warm
clothes, and I can't get them enough
to eat, and the baby is.always sick.'
. "And last night when I was coming
home from the house whoro I do washing, there was a man talking on the
street corner.
"And he said that, it was'ridculous to
give pensions to soldiers and not to
. 'And he said that tlie mother's noble
work was to bring human beings into
the world, and the soldier's mean work
was to shoot holes in them. And ho
said that every m6ther risked her life
more than all the soldiers" in our Cuban war, who were not iii any great
danger from the poor scared Spaniards.
"And the only risk our soldiers ran
was from the embalmed beef which the
government and.the meat tru'st fed to
them. ■ V '' .
-'______" *ie   sa'd   the   most   precious
Barber  Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
First class' work guaranteed.
Drop in and convince yourself.
Razor   Honing  a  Specialty.
G.    RADLAND,   Proprietor.
hundred miles of our country.
"Then lie said that since the work of
the mothers is to defend and caro for
our young citizens, they deserve to bo
rewarded by the government. And that
every mother, specially every widowed
mother, ought to draw a pension that
would enable her to feed, clothe and
house her little ones properly. *  *
"So 1 thought I come to you and see
if you could do anything about it, I
need a pension so bad. .Oh, you don't
know how hard it is to hear the children cry and have no bread to give
' Tlie lawyer stared In amazement.
"Do you think we live under a Socialist government,' he yelled at lier
"T_ial man on the street corner was a
Socialist! That is the sort of people"
who destroy the foundations of'society.
, "I woud just liltfe to put them all. behind prison bars! Pension you! I
guess ..not! Don't you know that
society is maintained by the survival
of ,lbe fittest? If your husband was
killed in a railway accident that proves
that your children are not fit to survive. Pensions for mothers indeed!
Socialist rot!"
And when ho went out to lunch on
turkey and. oysters and cocktails he
told the story to a reporter who met
him on the street on a hunt for humorous anecdotes. .
And the reporter wrote it up in a delightfully comical way, making so
much fun of the Socialist that everybody laughed when' they read the account in a capitalist newspaper.
But the. pale little woman did not
laugh when as she   dragged her little
Xmas. ts Near
Christmas is now approaching. Suitable presents now
on view. Call .and see them.
Special attention is g-iveii to
Out-of-to.vn Orders.
We have the Presents
Victoria Ave., Fernie
wealth of any country is its children.
That when we defended them from disease ancl early death we are defending
our nation a great deal more sensibly
than when we sail away with rifles and
bayonets to kill a few Filipinos or
Spaniards who never came within a
broood back fcFSreless lodging. "■ *
And   litttle  Joey  said,  "other,   I'm
And litlle Kitty said, "JIuvver. I'm
hungry!" -j
And the pale baby wailed with a dying child's low, long pitiful wailing,
First  Session  in B. C.
(Continued from Pngo 1)
science should be studied also that a
wider knowledge of the, English language among (he foreign was sadly
.1. W. Bennett, of the' "District Ledger' was asked as to his experiences
na a former representative    of    tho
Scrnnton schools and whether no not
a technical school would not bo superior to correspondence methods.     lie
pointed out thnt both  had tliolr nd-
vantages, lho former because, of tho
fnclllLy for asking u teacher iiiioslions
nml   having  them   explained   on   Uio
spot, but that owing to the minors
In these conl camps working on*various shifts, liuil, unless (hoy wero kept
open nil dny as well ns during tlio evenings, It would bo difficult for Uioho
mon to nltond regularly.     Speaking
of lho correspondence ay-slum ho explained Unit Hh ndvnntngo was In (lie
flirt thnt no mnltor whoro u student
wont  ho could  nlwiiyn    gel,    tuliion.
which wus not the t-nao with the technical school iilnii, bccnuHt. thoy wore
only otilabllKliod In Inrgu centres.   Asked its to llio number of hIuiIphIh  llioro
wero  In  UiIh  Immediate*  locality,  replied bo thought botwoon 2r.O nnd 1100,
nnd tlio nvoniKO prlco nbout. $00, where
upon Prof, llryco ronmrluid tlmt speaking roughly this monnt $18000, a mini
thai would go ii long way lownrdK n
Uidinlcnl Hclmool.
The nood for lho establishment, of a
night school to I each NiwIIhIi to tho
kin-Inn Hpoiiklng liihiibllmitH wm-,
Htrongly urged nnd thn Import mice, of
men ongnged In lho iliinic-'roiiH occupation of conl mining uiidorHtiiiidiug
what, wiih nnld to tli-mi.
Mr. .lames A-ibwovlb, of Dw C. N. P.
Conl Co., Blatod Hint he wiih greiitly
in favor of tci.-ltiilcitl education, iiIhii
referred to tlm dlffuroiico lu Uio in_
UiodH Unit obtain In thlH ctmnlry from
I'.iiRlnud rogiirdliig npproniIt-cm. ■•it*.
Ono folium.* whloh dlft'oi-oil vory
Inrgt-ly from thoso of Knglniid wn« thnt
III   IIIH  I'tllt'l    I H»r «'lll|'l».< <:«-*>   ill-it-   "llili-
tli.iJ!,** rill Vn:-l!**b ■■penVli*..- '"'.ton •*■•
cm Ilii**-* continent thorn wnn n vory
Ki-ont number of woilcd-H Hpenkliig different JaiigiiiigoH, itiid thnl It wiih important Unit hoiiio provlKituiH Nhniilil
bo   iiiMilo   eiiiililltig   lliom   to   lu-'iulro J
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls promptly made, day or night
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery.
Fernie. B.C.
as ho know that many of the minors'
wives wero oxcellont cooks and Ihat
there wero others besides' miners'
wives who needed better acquaintance
with  tho culinary art.
Mr. F. Lawry, as president of the
Hoard of Trade, gavo a short description of what lind beon accomplished
already and what was under consideration for the futuro,
P. It. Shaw, as a working carpenter
nnd chairman of tlio Trndos and Labor
Council, snid that ns nn Individual ho
was In favor of technical education,
and Ihal ho thought, nil tho members
of tho Trades nnd Lnbor Council shared bis opinion on this subjc-cl,
Answering a tpiosllon relnllvo lo
vnluo of knowing how to cook as It. affected ihe wives of working men, he
snld Unit, his wlfo wiih a first, rnto
cook, and that ho wns not nct-imlnled
with lho cnpiibilltloH of oilier iikmi'h
wives in thnt lino,
Mr. (inorgo l-odlnr furnished sonio
data on tlio printing profession regarding tho apprenticeship question, nlso
whnl. wns bolng dono by tho I, T, U.
for lho advancement of Uie craft In
the way of Instruction.
,.aiiu*.s .Mi'Lcan, Hiip'TliiU-Mloni. of
llm l-'ernlo Coko Ovoim, In IiIh ovlilom-o
Iciiicliotl upon tlio mniiul'in-turo of enl.o
'whon linked nbout, tlio Iohh of by.products by Mr. Foifiylh, ropliod tlmt tin-
nxtrat'tlon of thoso by-products was
bnllnvotl to havo a dnpret-lnilvo effect
upon tlin coke. Tlio mo.sl of the mon
undor hiK HupervlHlon won- foivlgnoi's
who would be benol'lltoil by cIuhm'** for
Uio windy of I.iikIIhIi.
Sovoral olliei'H were roqiioHlod lo bo
in nlloiiilinii'o, bill wo tin not lumw
what, thoy unlil, nmong thoso \.oro
A. II. TiiliiH, W. H. Stanley, II. .1.
.loluiHim, .1, SlmnliH. ilov. Plmmlck,
At (he coiu-lut-loii of tlw .-I'Mii*.'*
l'rnf. llryco on behalf nf hlmsolf nnd
t'olli'iigtii*, M. .oi'Hyth, (hanked Uioho!
who had attended and kiiIi) Unit ho
felt. Unit this Moi'llnn of tlm country
would rocolvo IniiiioiiHuriiblo b...u-fllH
by Hi" ■■Hlnbllidimi-iil of a n-ohnli-n]
Kt-hool, nud he hopotl thai wlion Uio ro-
|IU I I     ii. t It    tp   11    |HllU- -I     llllll     IIIII    J   KM III
<•!.*. f.civc-rnmoi.1 -vfinM v*-:il*,7i* liv-
nood mul mnko nulliiblii prnvlsloim.
Tlw uf-iitloiiit'ii loft on TiioHdny
mm ning <-n routo Ui Dw i-nuM, iiiuk-
\wr only ouo itiny in Nclmin for a tiny.
Tho   hnpi'   In   (.i-iioriill,.    I'Vpi'i-n-.ci
very much your patronage and intend giving you ALWAYS
Uie BEST SJ3H-VJCK along* willi the best goods procurable.
Only a little over a month now unlil,Christmas and old
friends will bo -oolsing I'or the usual token of remembrance.
We cnn supply your wants lo nicely, in our Men's and
1 Joys' Furnishings all acceptable gifts.
We always sec tbat, nothing passes through our doors
but the BI'jST. Even though tliey may costu trifle inor')
at the beginning people admit that they are cheap in the
Opposite the Post Office, Fernie
9 ■
ii*^_^_^ui^CTjt__it__^tftti__ai_B _»t___banaae^<^
:,jLi.Mi •_„
Get  better   cooking   results from   less  fuel
THIS raiiRe wnr, built to Rot moro and steadier
heat out ot the fuel you burn.
—to bake and roast perfectly,
—to do all that the bi(.;licst priced   rai>i*e
will do and do il caiiily.
Is built of dend flat, patent levelled 'itccl,
asbestos lined 11 lias ft r-evcrsibln J^rato
■-Uie l.iU.*-t and bij;i**':.t iuiprnvcmcnt,
With this \>rnxu nu coal can drop lliroii'-h
until it is tl-n.-uiKlily lniriicil—Uit* inter—
loi-kiiij; toi'tli cut o(T tlio il**a<! o*ihi*-i (rom
tint Iiiittmii of thc lire when Uu; -.-rato ia
operatiiil, |{iviii« a <*iiii*l., hot lire
Note the hi*,:, doi-'p 'oven, with balanced
door that drops down nnd forms a firm
,——,-. I«
T""i""'—' '   '"" —f'   ""*^_
*7 M'.'V'J j\
5^* '^r^r ■>/"'
hlicll for bustum, «lc
The   cU'tiii'liablo    copper   rcr-ervoir
id'.*-,    you   supplied   with   plenty
Tho (iurnoy ■ Oslnrd Chancellor Uannc
will cut down llvint; expense* by sitviiifj
fuH, food and labor It bakes
•pt-rforUy, roasts lo a turn—is cavily con-
trolled  and perfect  in operation
\J <U -JL^AX JLrO    te%
inuro   .<ii(i\tloiii;o   ni   ibe   imiKUiiKi*  in ■
lho I'iniiiti'-., {
Mr.  Wllllum I.ruieiiHlor, mlno fore-,
iiinn uf N"», - nt '-onl ('rook, .{live n j
rr-siiin-.o nf til -A i-ui'oi' and nl til oil Umi llio
ti't-linli-iil l;im\vl. tltr-r" )i" iniHHOMHi-il wan;
lionrH, fiifcKt  work nnd  tlin holiday-** ] obiiilm-d lhimi-.li Dw I. C. S. of St-rini-
Ko to *!i-   i.M. Ui.-It-'.', i.r.'.li. , imi.      lw-   *,,i*i lii I'..-.i.i U dull .;, sili..,
When work Ih no-tree**, II is tlio union 'rij| t).*. .■(iiiiutl.m proctiniblo from ovory
mau  t!..*i'   I-■*'*.'",  find  fh" non union] „...,,,..
,\li*. Tlmlil.i.'i lli*-**-*'i snld thai III*-* ,\
]ii-i*|oiiri' of ovor '!<• yottrri hnd In*, a
{■.uiu d in \Vitl< i-i and thin roiinm .
A K'*'l as to v.lf-fb-r bo .lid not thi'-:
man ilial Ht_iyn. *
Until t'lnployoM and omployed know
Mm. wutli Improved tondltlnim nn thn -
vsoiklii*; man now  enjoy* Iiiih tome;
Isirrelv from labor uiiIohh which hnve
mil', im--, inn,*,! iiM-ini lii.'iiiini .wn, ,i;i
iiiihiMilnl nnd lorlnilml school will
bo eMiibllMhoil as :i romili of litis vIhIt.
nt. then* In no point In WVi-icrn Cnn-
miti w»-ri> Ki'oaliir lii'iiefitH would in-,
cm" thnn rl*-.lit here In Hil.-* locality.
licit llliu-l-, sii| .-rliil-'iideiit of Hn-
:.i. !'. ,n„'. .v.. l_.r,l...i,, .,,.** ,i ..I.. ,
.-•lit-ii-h «f bis i-nroor in tt iiillroailt-r,
,., ! ' .: •*! H.al "■].■ :: ''., : '■■:■ '
iii-ili on iln- HoNiei.i In.no Ji-.- ol Iran*--
tiiiiiiiiontnl   ih.-iitif   lutil   dtlf'i'ib.'   in
I.i i Mli,*;  COlllpi-ltllt   V.orkt'1.-,,      lii*   :*,(■■■>,,
"M lii" vnluo nf lo.*hl'ili-i I , !'ii .itinri
aii.I   l(;t  i-i*io.:ii>tloti  by  tin-  >'.  I'.  II.
'no ■
This is the rnriBe you should have
in your liitclioti the rnii*;e you
should write us uIkuiI lu-d.iy
n.-'MiiK for lull iiifoi'iiiai'on
We would like to show you the
raii(.e nntl explain im merits to
. you Will you -.all al our nliow-
___    'W dr*-*
Golden Nugget
No niru-e w;i--, ever!
ilii fit   •■■   low   :l   pl'ii'O
tli.it  klltiwl.-ilm* of tOOklllK would  lid'
I in en tin* first to mako demandt, mil to 1 i-neflcl.-il io miii«r*'wlvc.»,-.aid ihi   l»* bo. »liottii l>> iho tan \lr..' *
Mite ".twiii.**).!  t<» Imbi  lor f-veryihinu   -i".i'*oo.   lm   utin«> iJ,   \.',*   v.il!<-   ».n   in.u  ».ii-»   ......',  ... <_»■£, \,„ ,,
iibot Improves tho wrtRo t-arnor'n lot., i.nt only a -.0-mI nmk, but llk<*wl*'i> a. f torn time to Hiue with qunlii
■'    II Im nol In human nature"' thnt nn-ii  totiipott.nl ilrenuunki-r. but tbnt su (,n*  iiii>i.Mi:iitii*.t in niteudtitiei*.
i i t
mmmm '
ent li-v-'lleil -.trel.'lineil with .i-U--'--. ui.-i
CHit.utiitij; ■*> ninny of tl.'* btti'*,t improve-
iin-iitA in ratine,con .mii-ti-'iu
Tin' new riiirm-y-Oxforil  tevcrsibli! (•rato
)(rl-.  tilt! Ix-l • 'I' "f .illV toiil  i.ti'1   (,;ivch u
quickly rcpoulii i*. urn-
Till- i.-.<•!, ,*•*. -
ti.iltiit- ,.i.d i-i
.■''.y evtii .imp
,i  i.ilU't
Ut ti--. tell v-i
The  Gurney Standard
Metal Co., Limited »:Vm"rn'iBn
J. D. Quail* Soiling Acont,   Fcrnir,
| is^^7_^_^_2__i:?l^
Wll I '  -
®fc 3isfairit £*&g*r
Published every Saturday morning'at ite office.
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C_ Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds, of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
-__3_^g*frs, .
coke ovens at Passburg, and. "while at work preparing a blast, in some as yet inexplicable manner, an
explosion took place, "with the result as before
Aii inquest was opened last Friday, but merely
for the purpose of identification and further in
quiry was set for Friday the 25th. ' ~ The body
of William "was shipped back to the old home in
Nova Scotia for interment. The deceased, who.
was well known along the'Hass as he has worked
in different camps," leaves a wife and family to
mourn his loss for whom great, sympathy is felt in
this hour of affliction.
We only wish that we possessed the power necessary to stir every individual to the importance of
of giving these disasters more than passing thought
and so to paint' the horrors of these too oft, recurring incidents that they would take such action as
might decrease, if not entirely eliminate, the frightful sacrifice of lives, with its attendant misery
inflicted upon those left behind, of those who dig
down in' thc bowels of mother earth that others
may be warmed and they receive a pittance therefor.
kill- sentiment that municipalities governed by
a mayor and council is not the best, form of,
supervision is making progress everywhere
and the substitution of a commission is advocated
as far preferable to the existing method.   "
From the viewpoint of tlie business man that
which may have served in tlie past has practically
outlived its usefulness and the difficulty experienced in securing fully competent and absolutely
independent men to attend to the onerous duties of
the offices of mayor and alderman is becoming
more evident daily.
Taking as a point of departure material interests,
-which striped of all verbiage and sophistry governs
practically everyone, we are forced to acknowledge
that the inter-relationship between a man's duties
to the municipality and his own private interests
make it almost an impossibility to dissociate the
two opposing factors. ' " 0
lie may accept the civic office with the best of
intentions (with which by^the way Sir Walter Scott
says the nether regions are paved) to fulfil the duties
incumbent upon him to the best of his ability and
understanding, but before his term has been completed very probably he may be placed in a position where his private interests and his public
duties clash and he will be forced to debate with
himself as to the proper course to pursue; Such
a perplexing situation is obviated with a commission0 as then the governing body lakes charge
much in the same manner us a manager o? a iar;**e
business concern'operates with an eye single to the
welfare of the ratepayers as his position depends
solely'upon the showing niad-.. hence he can administer affairs withoul fear or favoi*.
A Blow for Human Liberty
FROM the various reports,of meetings that are
.being held all over the Dominion of Canada, it
would really look as though this political refugee will find thatCanada is not onewliit behind the
United States in the determination of her people
to see that he should be saved from the clutches
of the Czar.' Trades unions, Socialist locals, ministerial-asociations, and other bodies are united in
their efforts to prevent the possibility of those, who
have sought an asylum in the Dominion, because
of political action, being deprived thereof. Thc
Russian government met with defeat in the case of
Pouren, Rusovitz and Vezosal in the TJ. S., and we
feel confident that they will'fare no better in their
efforts to clutch Fedorenko out of Canada.
IT is of common knowledge that coal mining is
attended with far more casualties in the United
States than-in any country" in Europe, but we
doubt if it is realized that oven the fearful mortality
if it lie realized that .even the fearful, mortality
in the mining region of thc republic to the south of
us is greatly cxccdcd in Canada, basing comparisons on Ilie number of deaths and accidents to the
tonnage mined. This, wc regret is indisputable, and
the dear public who consider that it, is not just
that, they should suffer if conditions become intolerable, and the miners refuse to work, should be
equally as vociferous-in advocating that the lives
of the, eoal producers be protected bet lev. Will
they do tbis? We doubt if, but will clamor only
when thoir own  interests are involved.
In this district, where eoal mining is the principal
industry, in one'short week three human lives liave
been destroyed, one at Ulairmoro, and another at
Hosmer, reports upon wliich appear elsewhere, in
these, oolu'inns, and last Thursday an accident happened at Passluirg wiih the result Unit one mnn is
dead and the other lies in Frank Hospital in a
serious condition.
I"'mm information received the I wo men, William
Reed and Jiunes lilane, were engaged in getting out
material for use in the construction of Ilie new
Canada," see! at they feet there is kneeling
A refugee, holding thy robe in hiss clasp*
He trembles, his swift glance of terror revealing
His dread apprehension of* tyranny's grasp.
All thou knowest as yet is, he,seeks thy protection
*    From bloodhounds of Russia; thou well may'st
„   He is one who, with strong if perverted affection,
Has sought to enlighten his country's dense
I_ ware lest to Vengeance, not Law, thou surrender
A victim; th' impatiently rattling chains
Suggest this the case of a patriot tender'
Whose one flagrant crime against Czardom is
-    brains. ....
Nay; justly thou mightiest with stern indignation.
Remembering the tale of Siberia, say "No!
With'barbarous despots I- own1 no relations;
No man from my soil to your clutches shall
'"-" v J. AV. Bengough, in Toronto Globe.
UCH dissatisfaction exists throughout the
* province on account of the delays of litigation. This state of things is not due to
the members of the judiciary, because they are
working all the time. The simple fact is that, the
province lias made such rapid strides that five
judges of the Supreme Court can no longer easily
and expeditiously dispose of the volume of business
that comes or should come before them. The province covering such ii large territory and new
places being' opened up all" the time, the .judges
liave more travelling to do than was the case not
so very long ago. Having*to go on circuit so often
and yet not often enough to meet the demands ol!
litigation, it is often the fact that the coast, cities
are;left, without, a judge. The only way to remedy
this trouble i.s by apointiug more judges.
Dealing with concrete matters as tbey affect this
community wo find many, foreign dependents kept
vailing for months instead of decisions being given
fi,.p.'(litioiisly. It is, ni. course, well known that a
dispute has been raised as to the right of foreign
dependents to recover under the Workmen's* Compensation Aet. Since, tho point thus was rnix-.ii.
months lu,*v pass.1'] by, *iii<1 we still are with,-'lit .■
Mow thai the, Kernio constituency has sent, to
Victoria a representative who is a m<.iu"or of the
('.•bii-oi he may be ■ Mr rested in lhe eii.ieliueiil ol'
such legislation as will eliminate this grievance.
V.'?'   *5'V_<™....     ..,;/
I /
5?7-k' mm
¥ v>'M«81
___?■.■■ wM\
Men's Clothing
Special Pay Day
!)   ' '
0_____BflH______KHH___       ■■__■_______      ■_■_■______■
Your Choice $15
These are not suits marked up to $20 and down
., to $15, that is not our way of doing business, but
,   genuine, legitimate    bargains    bought -right and
priced to give you for the benefit of our close
buying.   See big window display..
Fancy Goods
Biggest and most up-to-date line of .handsome   '
Christmas Novelties ever shown in Fernie."' Brushed
Brass, Polished Brass, Dull Brass Goods, Bronze
Statuettes, Manicure.Sets, Sewing Sets, Work Ba6- ~
kets, Mirrors, Vases; all new and every article a
work of art. On display in Dry Goods Department.
Boots and Shoes
_.   Full stock of Men's, Women's and Children's
Shoes, Slippers and Rubbers at economical prices.
fi . *■
A full line of Fresh Groceries always on hand.
See us for apples of every variety. A new shipment just received.
Inspect our new line of choice bottled goods,
comprising Pickles, Olives, Relishes, etc.
Center aisle upstairs. Choicest line of mechanical
toys, Dolls,..etc., it has ever been our pleasure to
gather together for your gratification.
Xmas. Presents
Children s Toys
Phone 118
W1JUT   p»       j
JLi ___-_# J___f Jl   - I
Us pay money to white labor  J
  "  !
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
ft '
8 '
You nre now roIiik Uu'ourIi UiIb world for Hits ln»t tlmo
Why Not
llvo on tho best nnd nolhlnR but lhe best, ami ro to
The 41  Market Co.
for your requirements lu Monti), Fron_i Killed nnd fiovoi-.iment In*
npo.*t.'d; Kish, Ilut tor, ISkrh, llinn, Mac on, Hie.
X S. Graham, Local Manager
" I N|>''*tl_ fur  Xiun-Iliik   linoniiBf.   It
l.t_..*ij iik; u! a, tn I Uny |ni>. lout, h*MI
Ml-i, Ainu !!rii>i.i»t» ... 1W. John St,
Norlh, ir«uiiliori, Khe fuldm "Tho
injuiy wim i\.umi. by it wii^on wliool, ami
tlio huh) -n.iH on my il^lit* liuil,* It I,--.*
rutin. v,*rv iii.ljii.rul mill f-wfill'-ii iui-1 mi
.    ,. I   I . ,     i  I I   :   ,    1   . 1 r
in-'it'i'i'i't, llm uiuiiiil pit nit Iii-ll.-r ii ,|
tho full li- .in.] in ,i« and in,,iu Mtvlhn
unlil il iv,i« luiu",il liiiii'il iln umi il li/.-*,
I hi) fl*"it «*;>« t-vnihly l.ni>i-i| r.tid black
*nt-il mid it*«_ 1'iliit liii]HMi-ililo fur iiim
to unlit, My .ihhIi .ih.'i t/t'-th-ir At ln«t
hr-niglit in ft tx Un ot Z.i-nltuk. Thii
•*- a* ifi'ilixil In t' (*> f'i"t mid It*. « itr. mir.
juiMiiigh w noun Jl f.u„d rt-liif fumi thi.
iuvuio pitu,   A furtlitir tu]i|ily of.,»m*
I.uli,   •***   ljhli_l__-.il I4l.ll  I   | WIM. It-ltd  Ul
UMiig IM'* hilrri al-iru*. Jn • cuu'ila of
<Uvt tlie ■writing hnd R'-rm down con-
tidttably, thli fli-tolr.r-itifia wm leu
dUtluct ltd thi. t-»lti -wan h-trililm-l. In
fo«r day* I could go -".boat a* fin-mi t thi
bfulMd ml Injur*.! Mt WI bwn thw-
oojjhly e-arc-j by the timely nt« of £*m-
Did you ovor fiak yourself:
"How \h \t, Mint; Znm-Bilk in on
p ipulftr ?" It in booaiiBo ib io
i-upuriur una d.iiorout- toomor
H'llvuM. Cont'iu-it tlinnil Mo it
t r.lvd-i aro n lv-tontl:.-* nTV.nul
ail or fat. _tim-B**lc hw.sii'i; it.
tnc,'-i of i ninvil fit in i\ Moat
i-_ ,n- it ij.ii.ui ii,, itv .-.I _ ruiui i j *;
m ,t «r. Ziim-fiu •* i -nVolutoly
■without I Mnny n/tlv*-.s cont. in
nm.onous i.BtrinjuntH. Z,un-
B.ik doi'Hn't,
Znm-Buk Ih netun-Hy mo*--*.
poworfully unttr. ptio t h a n
f'rutin riirbnllft n*-li.l. Y-''t it
Ht^pa "iuBVottd of cuuHlnu pain
uu I huuii'tiu^ whou put'ou a
It lif--.1i uor« qnlckly (lun my Vnown
tfiib-i«t;f#, tbtMdii*'*, uliio, at/rmk,
h!in/<t-iiiliM-.uiiij*, (uU, in"»!|i »f,r.j, rh*«p«
ani til ikin iajunt* ftrnl dii(u-.M, All
4-n»i|*}[t-*'t« erA - eXene e*\l a'. WW a
■.mi or Znmllult C«., TomMo, tor prlt*.
b*ttd I e tump inr trial U,t.
Mrs. Vi utile St. lli-nlt nf flu.*. Tlinntp-
H"ti hi., \\ iiiiii)ii-«, i.| i-,iliH lm* /_ iiii-ltulr,
bi'i'.iiir.'j it ciiit-d lur nf n |h):miiii-i| lin^ir,
v lit. h hml caiimmI hr*r il iy« tit agnitv,
Jltiiir lutr rxnitrii'iu'o.   Hlm p.ivnt
' 0,.o iiuiiniiij/, \ylilln -..iNuii},', I felt K
u'ii.-hl, -.■■iin in  tho und uf niy   fin^r.
11  r.i . -'--,,.i   ^ •* V. i ,t, _.  'tn*. 'itliiu ii")
tim i*.i'i.iii({ ••_ Um ln.nt il<ty Ilia t-iiil tif
th">ti'i i*rlial l>*--mi nxulli'ii .md hunl
and h i hi mi I l.i'i-.inio nl irtiii-il,
"Tlio ;i,iiti froiii It, "niitltiiiiKt tonttuich
fi h'-ur. It ni-i-le rn-i turn qn to ni V !
l'« iiHif-n nf (ir t tint, kind  mid   then
tin -iln-r wniii iiti]ilif>d,  hut  ii nl   in
l,*i- n i. ij n.) |i-[|.-f. My d..»nliu-r it. \\v,
un-*** lind lud •uinn |n'-Mtiti« (>x|M>riencn
Mith /itnltiiV o* tnt'ii-d ii Ivnr for nii>.
J Mioltiii.fl thn *uin \i\,ir* ItU-ully vlth
thin Ikilm, »nd in * Uxr huurn, th*
thriiUUiitg .whiiig i-aini %n* tub-lurd."
Fnrttii-r »prllc»tlnin if y,.m link ware
m* tnui* ***■', mtUt.1 I rmilij salaflttU
»ft*r that. ttem-Huk .**m*Attnrt4x,*etke
tedemmetiaawtekly Irontli.nM lu m«
nnfll In th* •«.! tl Jmd bmn-rhlt *h.inf, n
e»tn pint* enr*.
Workwoman's Home
T nrrrr,   Mrxt   Rnnrtii*   fa
4,* «»ti *   f~   w        *   •_    j *  V_fV  *•■•*■■*• v'h
Good Board
Ross & Mackay h°$h
Prairie Hay
Tho (pi nl Ity i'k
i»'oo(l and the
])rico is right
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
11 Full Stoc.W of Smokers' Goods Always on  Hand   8
ml V*
1-   N   *    :'   •
> *
COAL  CREEK   BY   174.
Frank Allen, an old Creekite, was a
visitor up here on Monday.
Miss Belle Thomson, of Elko, visited
the Creek last Friday.
Mrs. W. Evans, whose unfortunate
deatli took place so unexpectedly last
week, was buried at the Fernie cemetery on. Saturday last. Service was
held at her late residence by Rev. E.
L. Best, of the Methodist Church, and
a lajge number of friends and relatives
followed the remains of the unfortunate lady to her last resting place. As
stated in our previous issue, Mrs.
Evans leaves a husband nnd five children to mourn her departure, and the
heartfelt sympathy of the wholo community is extended to ..them. Mr.
Evans and family desire to exxpress
ttieir gratitude for the kindness and
sympathy that has been shown to them
in this the time of their great' bereavement.
. The funeral of the late Edwin
Thompson, who died In the Fernie
hospital on Thursday last' following an
operation for appendicitis, took place
at Fernie under, the auspices of the
U. M.W. of A. ' The •■ Club at Coal
Creek was closed for the, occasion,
and'a large number of friends; availed
themselves of the special train for
' the purpose of being present, at .the
Mr and Mrs. George Evely left on
Monday last for San Francisco.
Mr and Mrs. Dawe left the Creek on
Wednesday for Michel, where they Intend to take up their residence.
Charley Carter was' the victim of an
unfortunate accident on Sunday last.
While at work he accidentally got in
the way of a horse which landed out
and got home on Charley's ribs, breaking two of them and confining him to
the house for the present. He is progressing favorably, and we wish him
a speedy recovery..
On' Monday last while in transit
from number 5 mine some empty, timber trams jumped the track, and getting foul of the legs supporting the
steam pipes connected wiyi No. 9
ventilating plant, the pipes came down
on the track and No. 9 and old No. 1
were consequently idle for the rest of
the day.'"
A number.**, of old Creekites    went
down to Michel last.Saturday for the
purpose of witnessing the- final bet-
_wen_th&_^inn___i_s_of7t_he_M_unt_z.*- Cup  and
Club Hall last night" and was largely
attended. Look out for the usual
monthly social which will.be held on
the 7th December.
Messrs Bryce and Forsyth, represen-
tatves of theRoyal Technical Commission, accompanied by Manager Ashworth and Secy. A. J. Carter, visited
the camp this week for a brief spell.
, As we informed our readers in our
last' issue a social and concert was
♦ «►
♦ ♦"♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
North,Star Lodge No. 41 K. P.s held
a social evening last Thursday and a
number of knights and their friends
spent' an enjoyable evening.
A fatal accident occurred .in No. 9
south of here onFriday'smidnight shift,
held on Tuesday evening under the a backhand, .named Ivan Wynuoyzuk,
auspices of the Methodist Church,
Rev S. F. Dimmick, of. Ferniej acting
as chairman, and' the followimg pro-"
pramme was rendered in a most pleasing manner:
Part song. "Comrades," Choir; recitation, r. Dicker, song, Miss Euler,
humorous song, Mr. Owen; violin solo,
Miss A. Worthhigtoh;, accompanist to
same, J. Davison; song, Jno. Quinney; dramatic recital, Mr. Finlayson;
song, Mrs. E. Bodwin; violin solo and
accompaniment Messrs A Worthlngton
and J. Davison; humorous song, Mr.
W:Owen; recitation, Mr. Dicker; dramatic recital, Mr. Finlayson; violin
solo and accompaniment, Messrs. A.
Worthlngton and J. Davison.
♦ "   ♦
♦ C«LEMAN  BY 22. ♦
♦ ♦
_►♦**•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
On Monday last Alymer Bates motor
man for the McGilllvray Creek'Coal
and. Coke Co., was returning home
to the mine with the motor light, with
brakesman, J. Hislop and Surveyor
Roberts riding on the motor, when^he
track was jumped"* and Roberts was'
thrown several feet. Bayes, we are
sorry to say, was less fortunate, the
motor catching him and breaking his
leg. Had it not heen for the presence
of mind shown" by Hislop, the affair
might have resulted in more serious
consequences. Hislop seized the trolley pole, and instantly put the motor
out of action. After attention by Dr.
Porter, Bayes was removed to his
home, and we are pleased to report
that he is progressing favorably!
We are pleased to report the arrival in town of W. Rae, senior, from
Hamilton, Scotland. Mr. ae, v\ve understood, has been in' charge of several bands in the lands of the immortal Burns, so let us hope that
he will come forward and help us out,
a pretty hard task. , We wish, Rae
senior ancl his son every success in
their new-venture.
It is with deepest regret that, we
the Crow's Nest" League, which resulted in a win for Coleman by 1 goal to
-nil. ' Coleman are to be congratulated
oh the play'they put. up at the end of
the season, resulting-as it did, in the
double event.
.Tames McGechie paid a visit to the
Creek from Frank last, week end, in
connection with the funeral of the late
'Edwin Thompson,
Professor Hughes, the Coal Creek
terror, was down at Michel last Saturday assisting in tho auditing of the
.books of the*Crow's Nest Football League. '   He returned homo quite safo,
' but—oh,, so dry!
There has not hitherto been a sufficient number of mules nl tho Creek,
and the officials of the company wore
determined that this deplorable state
of affairs should conso. In conso-
quoncp, IB of t.lio.nslnlno hybrids landed up hero Inst. Sunday might, and quite
a number of tho genus homo (wc beg
pardon, tho inhabitants of Uio Creek)
woro thoro to welcome thom en famnio, Horses "nro nn expensive commodity, and are too easily killed. You
enn't kill n mulo, at. least, so wo aro
• led to believe; moreover, (hoy don't
presume to out qutlo so much ns n
horaos. Their Installation is therefore nlong economic linos.
Thomas Nan-son, tho well-known
hunter nnd nmntcur laxldonnlstor, left
thlH wook, his new addroHH being Hon-
inor, 11. C„
No. fi mino was Idle cm Tluirsdny
morning owing to a breakage on the
outsldo Incline, wheh throw tho two In-
Hldo Inclines out of coi.iinlH.ilon. When
I hn roport cnmo lo hnnd It wiih fully
expected thnt. operations In this mine
would ho bo resumed In tho aftornoon,
A pruullco dnnco wns buhl In  tho
have to announce the-deatirof'Mary J.
Hislop, aged 23 years. Our heartfelt
sympathy is extended to David and
to "all the relatives.
' The Rev. Mr, Morain has resigned
office in the English Church to take
up office in Ottawa.
Mrs. AV. A. Geddes, of Calgary, met
the Woman's Auxiliary on Wednesday at Mrs. Disney's residence. Thero
was a largo attendance and the years'
proceedings was gone through. In a
complimentary speech', regarding the
satisfactory work, she urged them to
stick together and good results would
be seen,
At. a general meeting of the Socialist.
party It. was agreed to hold a social
evening al the latter part of December.,
At the meeting speches were made by
Organizer Gribblo and Visiting Com-
ratio Beimel, Somo good ndvlco waR
glvon, wliich it Is to ho hoped the
comrades will take to heart.
II, R. Webb has transforod his business to Parks', former druggist In Colemnn.
. Another addition Is reported to tho
football players, Willinm AshurRl, F,
B„ of No. -I, has ben presented by
his hot tor hnlf with n son. Both mothor and son are doing woll.
The doctor reports quite nn epidemic
In nfllctlon lo the oyes In tho course of
the last fow days.
A very curious accident occurred In
11.1 Pillar, No, p mlno. Ellas Naus-
iiiivn, a Finn, was taking down somo
hard coal when a largo piece fell on
IiIh buck, and ho lies at. the hospital In
a hoi-Ioiis condition. From enquiries
there Is no iiiii'iiIIbIh, nnd every hope
for his recovery Is given, Ilo Is
woll known nud highly respected In
thc camps.
being, apparently struck by a car
nad instantly killed. The following
day Coroner Bleasdell held a. public
enquiry in the old school, house in
connection with this affair, Inspector
Strachan being present at the proceedings. The jury consisted of Messrs
Labelle, Smith, Snell, Davis, Pednault
and Chatfield. ,  .
The first witness called was Mike
Bescki a miner with whom deceased
was working, who'said he was working No. 9 south incline, and about 1.80
in the morning, was putting a car in
the side track when the accident occurred. He and, two other men were
pushing the car and it got out of control. He shouted " Look out below
there!'. On going down to where
the car had stopped, he found deceased lying alongside the.track, and he
died almost immediately. Witness
stated that his"partner's lamp was lit
when he left him, but out when he
was found. He said, he-had heen
working in that particular place four
' James Campbell, a miner, working
in the same seam, stated that he was
down in the main level after timber
when a Slav miner told him that a
man was killed down there, meaning
the incline. He followed him out to
look for the fire boss. *On returning
with him he found the body of Ivan
Wynnoyzuk dead hy the side of the
track, about 10 feet from, the car.
Witness was asked' by Inspector
Strachan regarding general methods
of lowering a car in this place. Witness said three men could push a
car to the canvas.door, after which it
gained momentum; , The General Superintendent, Mr. D. G. Wilson, was the
next witness, and he said in reply to
a question that the proper, method of
lowering a car into the switch was by
a rope attached to the car. It appears that the first witness cut the
rope off before getting to the switch.*-
Mr. Wilson stated that the rope should
not have beeen cut off the car, as it
was against orders. Witness could
not positively say whether said shift
"was-so- instru"cted"r_such~in"stTut;tToiis"
would bo given by the night shift fire
boss, In reply to Inspector Strachan
witness stated that there were no
special printed rules* governing the
methods of lowering cars. In reply
to the coroner, Mr. Wilson couldn't
say whether deceased was an experienced man, further than that he had
worked for the company since May
16th, hut from his observations he
thought deceased was a good laborer.
Mr. Wilson stated that ,the doctor was
called at onco and arrived on the
scene between 2 and 2.30, and pronounced life extinct. This closed thc
evidence, tho jury, after a short deliberation, bringing a verdict of ac-
cidenlal death.
The iloccnscd was burled on Sunday
afternoon, the largo turnout, considering tho Inclement woathor, doing
grout credit to tho local organization.
Fathor Salle, Roman Catholic pastor
conducted tho service, and T. A, Cor-
nctt mndo tho mourning arrangements
in connoctlon with tho funornl.
Tho mines were idlo, on Saturday,
pay dny, our forolgn brothers pulling
In their limo round tho kegs with most,
of us English sponklng pooplo, "taking In lho sights rof tho city.'
Who snld money was •plentiful In
Hosmer? One of our mombors doos
not. think that so. -lio says ho workod overtime trying to cash a $11,00
Wo undoi'Hliintl our popular young
(onsorlnl artist, Sam Snell, hns Bold
his biiHlnoKH, a unlive of Palestine being lho buyer,
and Michel. The game started at
2.45 prompt before a large crowd of
spectators.- . Michel kicked off and
were not long in getting in front of
the Coleman goal and time after time
they came within an ace of scoring.
The play was all in front of the-Cole-
man goal until half time, although
Michel failed to score. On resuming,
play slacked down considerably, and
midfield play ensued for a great portion of the game. Coleman made a
rush for the- Michel goal and Fraser
scored for them. After this Michel
livened up a little, and made
a rush for Coleman's goal but with no
avail, the game' eventually ending in
favor of Coleman 1 goal to nil.
'  The line-up was as follows:,
Michel team—J, Raynor, goal; J.
Mason and J. 'Wood backs; J. Ferguson,' G. Millett and J. Watson halfbacks; M. Mather, F. Beddingfon, E.
Gomm, H. Rose, R. Sudwirth -forwards.
Coleman—S. McDonald goal; J. Penman and W. Roughead, backs; J. Hunter, G. Kellock and J. Kellock halfbacks; W. Fraser, J. Emerson, Wm.
Banks, T. Graham, forwards. Referee, T. Wilson, Fernie. Linesmen.
J. Caulfield, Coal Crek and Wm. Rankin, Hosmer. Great credit is due to
T. Wilson for the'manner in which he
refereed the game, which was to the
entire satisfaction of .everyone.
After the match the Coleman, boys
were entertained to a .smoker in the
basement of the new opera house,
which had been kindly lent for the occasion by the genial, manager, Mr.
Lockhart. Mr. Crahan presented the
cup and medals to. the Coleman* team,
also the league cup and medals to the
Michel team. " Quite a number of
songs were rendered in fine style during the evening, and after three cheer's
had been given for the popular President, Mr. Thos. Crahan, and for both
the Coleman and ,the Michel clubs, the
smoker, which had been a most pleasant and enjoyable one, was brought
to a close.  -
' Wm. Weaver, the genial dairy rancher from .the Elk had the misfortune
'"to have a runaway- while delivering
milk in town. The team started on a
mad gallop and" finally came to a stop
opposite the post office, the sleigh being overturnedarid the milk, cans
thrown in all'directions. With the
help of several the sleigh was righted
and tlie cans gathered ,up, but when
William looked into them, alas, butter
had taken the place of cream.
The miners of No.<8 south have decided that they will not work at-all-
<► t$f
♦ .♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦
Mrs, R. D. McDonald, of Hosmer, is
visiting Corbin this week.
Mr..Bough, of the Provincial Police,
has been 'transferred from New Michel to  Corbin.
Brown's Vaudeville Company gave
two fine shows here on Tuesday and
Wednesday nights.
At the Police Court last week a
woman was fine $1 and costs for stealing two buckets of coal the property of
the Corbin Coal and Coke Company.
Mr. W. R. Ross presented a beautiful clock* to the Corbin Social Club.
•_>lr. Nat Howells and Mr. B. J. Lewis
paid a" visit to Fernie to hear the
Welsh Choir, and judging from the report received in connection' with the
performance, we have every reason to
believe they came away well satisfied.
Has.anybndy seen that bay horse?
The sign'reads: "$20 Reward to anyone
returning bay. horse; location can be
obtained inside. . Flathead Trading
The butcher is trying to reduce his
fat by dancing. The butcher is cutting the boys out one by one.
The mines are' steadily increasnig
their output. The motors are running
two shifts again.
We are pleased to hear that Tom
Smith's leg is improving and we hope
to see him handling the lamp again.
Mr. Nulty, the beer agent, is taking
a lay off this week.
Mr. W. Gus Smith has returned from
his  trip  to  Spokane.
♦ Mr. Billie Ball pays frequent visits
to thc Pioneer Club of late.
Last Saturday night a very enjoyable party foregathered at Flagstone
for the purpose of showing a tribute
of appreciation to Miss Williams, on
the occasion of her departure. Supper
was given in the dining hall by the
Ladies' Aid, at which over GO people
sat down. After the tables had been
cleared, Mr. W. Murdock made somo
very suitable remarks on the uniform
courtesy that Miss „ Williams had
shown to everybody "whilst in their
midst, and stated that he was pleased
to present her with a gold broach and
chain as a concrete expression of the
as the company will not consent to
their working in this new mine according to the clause covering new work in
the general agreement.
Ernest Lapsley, rancher from the
Elk, is in town with a'bunch of horses
which he is trying to dispose of" at
reasonable prices.' Anyone wishing
to get a good horse, from $5 up can
do so by seing Ernest. .
Dick Beard now ranks' amongst the
big game hunters. Last Sunday Richard was in the hills and two large
bucks fell to his good markmanship,
ono of them having the finest set of* antlers that has been-brought Into town
this season.
Last Tuesday Andy Waugh, who had
gono to work on tho morning shift,
hnd occasion to come home and when
getting to the washhouse found that
the door of his lockor had been burst
open nnd his shoos and socks stolen,
on going up town Andy noticed thc
thief, Martin Janlgo hy namo, In tho
bnr of tho hotel wearing his shoos.
1-1 o immediately Informed the polico,
who arrested hlm for the' theft, and being unable to prove hiH Innocence In
front of Justlco of the Poaco Riirlon,
wns Bontoncod to throo months hard
labor. This should bo a warning to
this class of thloves who, by all accounts, are plentiful iu Michel.
A dnnco and supper will bo glvon In
<*> ♦
<H* + 04*4> + + 4, + 4>4> +
high ,,o"^eera_"iir""wiricir~slIe was held
by all present (Loud applause). On
behalf of the people of Flagstone, and
the employees of the* Down Lumber
company, he wished her every success
wherever she might go.
Miss Williams replied • fittingly,
thanking thom one' and all for their
many kindnesses, and .stated' that she
would always -wear ' the'token with
which they had so kindly presented
her, and in so* doing would keep the
memory of her experiences among
them ever green.
A poem, the effort, of tho Lumberjack Poet, was then delivered by the
chairman, and brought forth roars of
laughter. The Hindoo contingent of
the Downs Lumbor company, not lo
bo outdone by Iheir co-workers of
lighter hue, then stepped forward,
and handed Miss William's a purse
of money ns a mark of their respect
for the way in which they had' boon
treated by her. . Our worthy clmf added his tribute in the shape of a
bountiful stickpin, millnbly engraved
wllh lhe lndy'H Initials.  .,
Tho rent of lho evening was spout
In dancing, nt. which Messrs, Crawford nnd Scully fiinilnhotl hoiii" ox-
colletil, music. Mi-h. Lester, of Dorr,
rendered a violin solo so admirably
thnt an oncoro was Insisted upon and
roely and  gracefully given,    At the
Crnhan's Hall on Monday, Nov. *28th, conclusion of this happy ovont many
The music will bo provided by tho j woro (ho expressions of approval of
Mlchol OrohoHlru, duiiclng lo com-1-lio nplondld ,manner In which all
mo-neo at !) o'clock nnd suppor at 12  P»r*« of tbo program hud boon  ear-j
rlod out, thanks to tho Indies of Flagstone.
nr rr r?
x   ML JU,
rr\ r*   _"_   V"* __r*
f /Ul IU        Omf fLf
JL    JL* JL     JLar JLir
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
.Mrs, A. RnbfM'lH nnd rtniightor arrived Insl TuoBilny from Kiu'lnnd.
Tin* "otiinliu* ol Patrick HIiIoIh who
(Hod wlillsl travelling from Novn Scot In
to Mlchol, oiinio In on lho piiHHiMigor on
Friday morning IiihI, mid woro iui erred
In tho now coinotory, Mr. i.hcmno*
'worth, tho minister of llio M»t liml lul
cliuvt-h ofl'lolnllng. Much sympathy
Is fell for tho wlfo und children of lln>
Tlio iiiortilu.,' nhll'l wns laid lillo on
I Saturday owing to thn bui'silm; of u
, f-tt nm plpo opputilti* No, S holler Imni.c.
■Tho plpo was caught by Dw t! N\ Uy.
i twitch onglno nnd brokon off ul. the
i bollor house ■ II was a lucky thing
| thut tho boflei'H did not explode,
Tho publio of Mlchol nro much pli-ntt-
■ed with lhe Imp. ivi'iui'iitH lho C.l'.K.
{have inaile to tho depot In tho Klectrle
YMly llu.*V,i"*, l-i Per 1,wi*-vn -,:• ■■f,,o
vovnor." whh down to Michel ,tmt Saturday watching tho football mutch,
Hilly had a now brum! and he cun cortnlnly poddlo It,
Mr. N-rlinh'ln, of the firm of Kck
stem nud McTiiKi'.Hil, wuh hi inwn tin
Tuesday iiltendlng Dw creditors' mooting of fl. A. Hlnck, of Now Mlchol.
The Mlchol Orchestra gavo a dnnco
on Tiiot-tdny night, which wiih a great
nticccHH. nbout 10 ronploH bolng present, The |>rl7.o wnltss wiih won by
Mri-t. Vi-ny .lolni-* aiid John Ow _ih,
whoso waltzing wan a troni to look at.
Tout Ov.i-11 iiii'lvi'ii In unvn Kmulay
from liln ruiicii, which lm locntod near
Cowley, • and roportH thnt everything
In Hint part of tin* country Ih flourish*
Mr. Hurry Smith. uJho ruturnctl from
hin homt-M-r-nd near I'lnclu-r Creek.
Watiirdny U»i Uiu Dxmi Cor Dm Cra-
han Cup wnn played b<stwo*i.*n Coleman
o'clock,     Tho admission Is 50 c, the
proceeds to go to tho l-higllsh  Church,
Harry Can* has traded IiIh famous
Pretty Polly'for n horso whicli ho got AVVISO
from Krnofil Lnpsloy, although IiIh now      Mlnntm-I el pregglanio dl Infoi-mnrvl'
nnlinnl Is not qulic   as lar-.e nr. Polly I dl  stare  via  dl  Mlclnl, ]\,  .*,, qui He '
wo  notico that   It   Iiiih four  foot.  In-1 cho nlolc fuorl, onsc-ndo'cho nei tempo
iitfiiil of ono which his former steed i proscnto vie nmlta gonl.n dlsHtic-cupala, i
only   ptiKHOHSod. j MAUIIIi.l-]  IIIJJUUOI.I-,
Mat, Jack and Tom :\lnthorH arrived | Sogrctarlo    dl    Klnanza doll;   I'nltmo
Iu eiinip lasl woeok from tliolr ranch i    l.ocnllo n. 2,,'IHl  Michel, ]J, {*•.
nonr Rod Door,    Too quiet up thore for.
Your Last
I have some splendid pieces
of Fruit Land property located on Arrow Lakes,- to
sell at prices far below the
normal.     If you are in the
market   to   buy   write  to
Joe Grafton
P.O. Box 48
D.   C
ew Michel
iih snys Mat, ;
Manager .leinien,   of    the Imperial,
Punk, wuh seen In a hurry on Monday
going to New Town io crtlcli the (Iroui
Nurthi'i'ii   ovproHH   I'm'   count    point,'
where ho IiiIi-ihIh to Spend IiIh holiday.,
We hope you have u good Unto, ,len-
Mr. l-'n-d I (rid.net I, un old liiin-r of
Mli'hi-1 hushi-eii paying n visit to IiIm
nlfilt'1', Mi'H, liiiningt'. J'.'i'tl Id recuper-
titliij.' afler n lung mid sewn- attack
of typhoid fever which hns left hlm
lu n very weak itliitc Hope io lii-m-
of your I'l-iuplnt" reeimiry noon, Fred.
Friday and Saturday
All mlnorn nn* ronuoHtod    to    ntny,f
nwny  from   Michel,  M. D„  until  fur
ther noili-e uh thorn mo mnny uiinbli
to u)it:.'.t, v-iorl: D.oro.
t/9 n
r v c
W IS  *f * */ *s
*f      \Jj      Jt,*■**. >>.*'»' v/l/ Vci. *_/
Wm. Muir
A Sequel Film to "Fruits"& Flowers" aud 'The Widow"
A Charming "Imp" Comedy
Three Other Reels of Drama* Comedy and
Lat9 Events
TWO SHOWS AT 8.00 & 9-15 P. M.
Adults 15c
Children 10c PAGE SIX
Mining in British Columbia From
Week to Week
A History of Mining from Early Days
Coal Mining on Vancouver Island.  "
Of a net production of nearly 30,-
000,000 long tons of coal, which official records* of British Columbia show-
to have been the aggregate for the
province to the end of 1909, approximately 28,500,000 tons were the production of Vancouver Island coal
mines. Adding the quantity of coal
made into coke, a gross production of,
' roughly] about 25.000,000 long tons,
or 28,000,000 short tons, stands to the
credit of the coal mines of the island,
and practically all this came from the
properties now owned respectively by
the "Western Fuel company and the
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir- Limited. Comparatively large as these
figures are for coal mining in this
province, it is manifest that they will
be added to considerably within a
few years, for the last-mentioned company alone'has announced its inton-
tio nlo so enlarge its mines, increase
its plant i'nd equipment, nnd extend
the scope of its operations as to make
an annual production of between two
and three million tons of coal a year,
lion to so enlarge its mines, increase
their output proportionately, and so
substantially swell tho total of production as the years shall pass.
History of Coal   Mining.
As an introduction to some particulars of the chief producing coal
mines of Vancouver Island, the following excerpt from a paper on "The
Mineral Wealth of British Columbia,"
by rlie late George M. Dawson, C.
M. O., LL. D., P. R. S., director of
the Geological Survey of Canada,
read before the Royal Colonial -Institute, is given:
'■'The existence of coal' upon the
const of Hritish Columbia was recognized by Dr. W. P. Tolmie, an officer of the Hudson Bay company, as
early as IS'"-; but, though small quantities of coal were actually obtained
from natural outcrops from time to
time, for the use of blacksmiths of
the company's posts, no importance
appears to have been attached to the
discovery. The world was at' that
time very spacious and the Pacific
ocean was" still regarded -rather as
field for the exploration of navigators than as a highway of commerce
between America and Asia.
"Afterwards (i'n 18*19) the Hudson
Bay company brougnt out a few _oal
miners from Scotland, and proceeded
to test and open out* some of the deposits. Thus, as early as ISuo, about
2000 tons * of coal were actually
raised at Nanaimo, on Vancouver Island.   San Francisco already began lo
Nanaimo   Colliery,   Nanaimo   District.
The Nanaimo colliery, now owned
by the Western Fuel company, of
San Francisco, California, is the oldest colliery of those now being
worked in the province. Its history
dates back to the early fifties. Dr.
Dawson (in "Mineral Wealth of British Columbia, 1SS7," p. 80.) After
mentioning the bringing of specimens
of coal by Indians, in, 1S55, to Dr.
Tolmie,* then stationed at the Hudson
Bay Company's post at Fort Mc-
Loughlln, Millbank sound (now Bella
Coola),. and" the exploratory-work
done at Suquash, between Port, McNeil and Beaver Harbor, on tho
northeast .coast of Vancouver Island,
in the years 18-19-1S53, states that
"meanwhile In.lSfiO, tho existence of
coal at Nanaimo had been ascertained
by Mr. J. W. McKay, and in tho following year, it appears that, most of
the miners were transferred from tho
northern end of thc island to that
place. Work was begun ■ In earnest
in 1852, and, beforo the close of 1853,
2000 tons of coal nre " reported to
have been shipped, chiefly to San
Francisco. The price of coal at, Nanaimo was at this timo §11 and at
San Francisco $28 a ton. Tho Hudson
Bay company, under tho name of the
Nanaimo Coal company, continued to
work thc mines thus opened until
18G1, when , thoy were sold to the
Vancouver doal Mining ancl ■ Land
Company, Ltd., by which they, aro
At a point on the Esplanade in the
city of Nanaimo, east of the old Douglas pit, a bore-hole was put down, in
18Sf by the Vancouver Coal company,
and at a depth of"R50 feet the Douglas
seam was reached a-nd fouiid to be 8
feet 6 inches in thickness. In 18S-4,
after further'prospecting with thc diamond drill, two circular shafts, No. 1,
17 feet in diameter, and No. 2, 14
feet, wore sunk, and powerful hoisting and ventilating plants were put
In 1SS7, No. 2 shaft was deepened
71 feel, at which additional, depth it
entered the underlying Newcastle
seam, there about 6 feet in thickness,
The Protection Island shaft was sunk
in 1S91, and the Douglas seam was
reached at 070 feet. In 1S92, it .was
sunk G2 feet deeper to tho Newcastle
seam,' there showing about 3 feet, 6
inches of coal. lit 1S99, a shaft,.was
sunk on Newcastle Island; this cut
the upper "seam at 324 feet, aud the
lower at 3S4 feet. This working was
continued with those of No. 1 and
Protection   Island.    In  1904,   a   main
~iTfoT(i"~a"-maTKet for-UiTs-coalT-aiid"
the amount produced increased from
year to year. The principal coal min-"
ing district remained, and still remains, at Nanaimo. At. tho close of
the year 1S88, about 4,500,000 tons
in all had been produced, and the
output grew annually, till, in 1891,
more than a million tons were raised
in one year. California is still tho
principal placo for sale for the coal,
which, by reason of its., superior
quality, practically controls the market, and is hold In greater-estimation
than any other fuol produced on the
Pacific slopo of Nortli America. Tho
local consumption In tho province
itwelf grows annually, nnd smaller
quantities nro exported to the Ha-'
wnllan Islands, China, Japan, and
other places. In tho various ports of
the Pacific ocean, tho coal from
llrltlsh Columbia conies Into competition with coal from Puget Sound, in
tho stalo of Washington, which, bocauso of tho high protective duly established by tho United Stales, Is enabled to achieve a lnrgo salo in California, nolwiihstaiidlng Its Inferior
quality. It. bus nlso to compoto with
shipments from Gront, Tlrltnln, brought,
out. practically ns ballast; with tho
coals of Newcastle, New South Wales;
wllh conl from .Tnpiiii; nud, In rognnl
to thn Pacific ports of tho Russian
'Umpire, with coal raised by convict
labor nl Dual, Snghnllon Island, In lho
Ol.tilsk sea. ll Is si Hufl'li-leiu guarantee for Ihe quality of lho enal of
British Columbln thnl. II. Ih ablo lo
hold It, own agaliiBt nil thono coin-
pot il ors,
"Though Nnnalmo has boon, from
lho first, lho chlof point of production of cnril, work hns boon oxtondntl
within tho Inst fow yenrH lo the Como.. illntrit-1, iiIko situated on Viin-
convi-r It-liiud, wiilb* other promising
coiiMiiiarliig irneiH hnvo boon In part
explored imd exiiniliiod on this Island
nml un the Queen Charlotte! Inlands."
"Haulage slope was _lriveiT7"fi"om tlie"
bottom df a G0-foot shaft at Brechin,
in the Newcastle seam to Newcastle
Island; a counter slope was drivon
from  tho surface, in thc same seam.
The Vancouver Coal company was
reconstructed In January, 1890,* as the
New Vancouver Coal & Mining company, limited, with .an authorized capital of £215,000 in fully paid shares
of ,C1 each, Mr, Samuel L. Robins,
of Nanaimo, was general manager for
the company, and Mr. Thomas Russell, manager of the mines and works.
At tho end of 1902 ,it was resolved
to sell the entire property, which by
then included 30,00 ncres of land in
tho coal districts, together with sovornl coal mines and extensive colliery
improvements, both underground rind
surfaco works, Thc Wostorn Fuel
company, to which Iho proporly was
sold, wuh Incorporated on December
Ifi, J902, undor the laws of tho stato
of Cnllfornln, with nn authorized enp-
II a] of $ I,'500,000, in shares $1 par.
Mr. John L, Howard was, and still Is,
president of tho company. Th'o Wostorn Fuel company quickly entered
upon a vigorous policy of enlargement of the coal producing businoss,
nnd slnco thnn operations hnvo boen
augmented to lho extent mnrkot conditions havo pormltled,
Tho Nanalnio colliery originally-Included thai, porllon of Iho Nnnalmo
eoal flold ul and nonr Nnnnlmo harbor, underlying lho harbor, lho neighboring lslaiid--Nowcrifitlo, Protection
(Douglas) and Cribi'loln--nnd Nnnnlmo city and adjacenl cminlry on Vancouver Island. Other parts of tbo
coal flold woro added lntor. Todny,
iho Western Fuel coinpiiny Is opoi-.u-
.Ing No. 1 'dinft, I. plnnud"; Prelection
iRlnnd ahafl, and No. -I, Northfleltl
(Brechin) mine, s<>. I, and Protection IhIiiikI nrn opei-ntcd uh one initio,
tho main nhlpplng plnco being nt. Nu-
nnlnio,    whoro    Ih niipmiy    litis
whai'vot-  with   *_0ii(> feet, fronlngo, til.
which vessels of the largest tonnage
can  be   loaded, at  any  stage  of  th'e
tide.    Shipping facilities are mddern
and  effective,    ensuring    expeditious
loading. Pithead arrangements in connection  with   shipping  arrangements
from No. 1 were some time since described  by Mr. Thomas  R.  Stockett,
tho  company's    manager,    as    being
"absolutely unique, inasmuch as it, is
possible to load coal direct from (he
mine to the ship without handling it,
a thing which has not been attempted  in any other part of the world."
Two years ago the .writer accompanied   the   Canadian. Mining   Institute'
Summer Excursion party on a short
visit to  Nanaimo.    As  space  is  not
-now available for a detailed description of the extensive  works  at Nanaimo, the brief particulars concerning  the  mines then  written  may be
quoted:.   "At No. 1 shaft, the visitors
were shown llirough    the    extensive
surface works.   The large power-house
was   first   inspected,  and    then    the
various coal handling operations were
witnessed—hoisting   from   the   shaft,
dumping    in    the    tipple,    screening,
picking,   sizing,  washing    nnd , automatic loading on  to    railway    cars.
Then Northfield No. i-4 mine was visited, and hero    were    seen    similar
processes   to  those   above-mentioned,
and, in addition, the unusual and advantageous arrangements for delivering coal from a loading tower on to
vessels alongside the wharf in Departure bay.   Tlie output capacity, of No.
1 and Northfield mines    is   now -between   000,000   and   700,000   tons   per
annum, and that production could be
maintained for   an   indefinite period,
since development    operations    have
been sufficiently advanced to warrant
this statement being made.    The machinery equipment at the collieries is
thoroughly,  modern,',   the    Northfield
colliery having been equipped with a
new pithead and plant in 190-1, whilo
the No, 1 pithead nnd plant were entirely renewed  after  the fire  there,
also in 1904."
Before turning from mutters relating to equipment, it should be mentioned that early in' the.current year
the Western Fuel company obtained
for use in its mines, in cases of emergency; three complete sets of Draeger
oxygen breathing apparatus for mine-
rescue purposes, ancl had a number of
its men trained, in its use. As yet this
company is the only one in the province that'has made such prevision for
the protection of the lives'-of its minors.
 T_1_____\Vf>stPi-n   VnoX   enmnnnv'g   nm.
iargieg Your Business
If you
are in business and
you want ■
to make
more money you will
read every
word we -
have to
say.' Are
(you spend-
w ingyour
money for
advertising in haphazard fashion as if intended for' charity,
or do you advertise for direct
results ?
Did you ever stop to think
how your advertising can be
be made a source of profit to
you, and ho.w its value cati
be measured*in-dollars and
cents. If not, you are throw- o
ing money away.
Advertising   is  a   modern
business necessity, but must
be conducted on business
principles. If you are not,
satisfied with your advertising
you should set aside a certain
amount of money to be spent
annually, and then carefully
note the effect it has in- in-
creasing-your. volume of business ; whether a 10, 20 or
50 per cent, increase. If you
watch this gain from year to
year you will become intensely
interested in your advertising,
and how you can make it en-,
large your business.
If you.try this method we
believe you will not want to
let a single issue of this paper
go to press without news from
your store. '    ■
If you. can sell goods over
the counter we can show you
why this paper will best serve
your interests when you .want
to reach the people , of this
community.   ,
Offic-s: Johnson-Faulknar'Block,
Hours 9-12; 1-6;- ,    „ Phono 72
B. C.
Office Henderson Block, Pernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
ROSS &  LANE   *
Barristers and Solicitors   ..
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. i. Fisher
ATTORNEYS             "■*
Thai InirU'-niaik is widely wlvc. liscil for YOUR prolec-
linn. When ynu see tin* inline NYAI.'S on a family
remedy you can be  quite  sine of  three  tliiii(,'*>, viz:
First — Pure ingredients scientifically
Second — That its  beneficial effects
have been proven.
Third—That v. c know the formula and
your doctor may know it too.
NVjI'-i Pnuillv   U« list dies  ;..-•   mvli    liv  :i   h<--i*e   with a Wil'rl tip-
ttl.'ll'll  '•!  mn   n ill   *i   i-n'n.fv.      i ,11-   |m nun.,      it.-   n',1  i-xl-i-]ili' li   i,v
fi.i,il    m ry'-imil-'ir tr> Hli.it v-nir di,ii,,i  *,-,,.uM pn-!** ril>-r.    \V,-I " w
-,-■*,'■. in 7'i   Syt'f,   /'".    ''        'f*.'''    ■•'■;■ v.j _■■.•-.-■-.mil-" I t'■ ..
announced-ils intention to largely increase the output within the'next two
or three years.
Pacific Coast Coal Mines, Ltd.
This company's coal-_iiining enterprise, established in,1908-9, is one of
a number of evidences of tho substantial progress made on Vancouver Island in recent year's.* The company
possesses coal properties iit South
Wellington and Suquash,, both on Vancouver Island, and on Malcolm Island, off the northeast coast of Van-*
couver Island. Its more important developments have been at its Fiddick
colliery, South Wellington, four miles
from Nanaimo, where it has driven
two slopes, namely, No. 1 or Fiddiclc,
and No. 2, or Richardson slope. The
seam being worked is what is known
as tho old "South Wellington," a continuation of the "Douglas" at Nanaimo; it varies in thickness'from 6 to
1'.' feet, and is of good quality coal.
No quito recent information is, available/but in 1 909 development consisted of somo three miles of slopes,
levels, and roadways in the coal. The
power plant installed ■ at the "South
Wellington colliery included an air
compressor and a large slope hoist; a
tipple, having a capacity of ■300_0_tous_
"Anything you    *PJ^*&£A      will  givo   y
buy Jfy*        £'vr/-rtf_ cn,,ro
with the name
Sold and guaranteed by
N. E. SUDDABY, Pernio, B. C.
duction in 1909 was 551,810 short
tons of coal, with an average of 1135
men employed; for 190S it was -13S,-
720 tons, and 1071 men. As already
mentioned,- Mr. Thomas R. Stockett is
the company's manager and Mr.
Thomas Graham is superintendent,
Wellington Colliery Company, Ltd.
* Tho original Wellington collieries
Included mines situated a few miles
northwest of Nanaimo, operated for
many years by It. rhmsmulr & Sons,
hut closod in 1900, apparently worked
out, as regards mining through existing openings. Tho Wellington Colliery
company, which a fow months ago
disposed of all its collieries and coal
lands to tho Mackenzie & Mann syndicate, orgunizors of the present owning company, the Canadian Collierlos
(Dunsmuir) Limited, somo years ago
absorbed the Union Colliery company,
which operated lho Union colliery, ln
Comov district, also the Extension and
Alexandria mines In Cranberry district. Tho Alexandria was opened
nonrly HO years ago; after having
boon, un worked I'or somo tlmo, oporation wore resumed in ISflG, but In
1901 tho mine was closed, nntl has
not slnco been workod, ri Is slated
tho present, owners contomplale reopening ll,
Coming down to recent dale, tho
Wellington Colliery company has boon
opot^iilliig coal mines as follows: At
Cimiborliind, Comox district, about 12
nilk'H from Union Hay, Nos, ,| pud 7
slopes, and Nos, ,"> anil ij shafts. Al.
KxioiiKlon, Cranberry,district, a dozen
mill's from Li.tlymiillli, Oyster harbor, Nos, I, _!, and 11 mines (all
worked from what. Is known ns Iho
No, I (limit"*.- and No. -I liilne, worked
llirough a shiil'i,
Coal was illHcovorotl at Coniox
about "Ti yi'iii'K iiKti, but active milling
operations wort! not begun llioro until
ISf-*!., The I wo nonihh worked arc tho
DoiighiH,* iivi'i'iih'iik Ti feel of good coal
In n 7-l'ont si-inn, ami lho lowor or
Wellinglon hi'iiiii, giving from II to 8
rod of clear coal, Tho mlnoH aro
coiinocU'd wllh tidewater at Union
liny hy a HtiiPdMrd-Riiiigc railway,
equipped wllh four locomotives and
ample rolling stork. Al Union May
tln» coal Ih stored In (lm inooton
biiiil-f'i'H nl (Im shipping wharf, or tip.
Ilvoi'i'ij tn oltliei' Ihe I.uhrlg wimhcry
(capaclly r.iio tons in 10 hours) or
lhe coko tiveiiH, of which lai tor tliere
are 100, of the heehlvo type, each
Inking five foiiH of charge and pro-
ihielin* rihoiif iln-en trnm of t-nl.-\
Product Ion of coke during five yenrH,
l!i!i."i*'», was "li.L'fiO short. Ions, an av*
omto  nf   iri'Ti"  long   nov  x'ntv
At I'.xteiiHloii colliery, tlio Welling,
um Mi-am m iit-iiig worked. It in prac*
IliaII)  iii-it .loin .uniting, and varies
lielu-.i.-li   Ty   nnd   12   toot   Ul   thli*l;n04;t.
f'tiniiiiuiilcntlot) with the crnnpnny'.i
shipping    wharven   Is    by   t-.tii.itlii_-.l-
i, ni-, n    , *..,t,,   ,i  , .1,1     . .   --
inn and Ihe .'I'-ion loeotuiittvoM and
nnmo :.''-ii Kondnla i-m-n. At Oyster
liurhor. three wharves project Into
deep water, giving 'J7 feet ul lowest
tide, The main wim if hi i-ipiippi-d
wiih u coal-washer, and a belt ctinvey*
ru* .'*'! Ini hot wide, l.nnillnx nf \o":'o1i
Hiti In* r.iliiii! on ni llu- rale uf .iim
teiis pi-r hour, imd if in ri-i'-nv up in
Villi    Inli.i,      Tlio    |,liililf    ;-,!■( J,ftrat-f    1-t
-veil t-h-t-K-f-reil.
No ..til!-tti-. ,.',- :,. ul-ibj • -1 iia-_i..'
this romp-uiy'- ptiidii'Mutt nf coal
illlrllig recent \i-,i!-* rvn.pt .bnt II bt
..l.n.it. llu- i it;, .- ill ;i.. il*, jiilur-. lu
>'io<, tnUillr,.} <><?•,,,) .t.f,,t fnrt*- cr-if***,
ll.,it bt. li.i lud.1.1. I'i,-- ■ i..-.I iii,til-- Into
iitUt: The !.uiii.-ii.i-nii>!ii of the new'
i iiitUMiy. ' I-i  -".-t.'ellaii Col.*,i rli-*-., has.
vest the rain fell, and then came a
frost which added tq the general
misery, improving, tho grade quite a
lot, as one can readily understand.
'..Threshing told a dreary tale,,crops
light and * machine collectors thicker
than flies in July, wherefor bo thankful, for mortgage companies and banks
are driving a thriving trade. The effect of all this prosperity manifests itsolf in a perfect drizzle of auction
sales: "Auction sale to-day of valuable
chattels'and effects at Copers' Barn."
said the bills, "Punk &'Blighter, auc-
tioneersi" Being a Socialist, therefore
greedy, my soul was stirred by visions
of bargain galore, so to Copers' Barn
I wended my way. I wandered about
that barn-for some time but no chattels or effects could I find; true, I passed a heap which the refuse collector
had overlooked but gave it no thought.
So to the office of Punk & Blighter for
more definite information. You all
know Punk; somewhat fat, oily and
very polite, a voice like bubbles bursting, in coal and a pudgy face. You
all know those- offices, littlo shacks
hung about with helpful mottoes: "The
door of prosperity never opens to the
sound of a knocker,' etc., and then,
_'_i.th_a_yein o.LMd_d_o_n__3_ar.c_asi_„ "Iii.lhe.
Fernie, B. C.
Pioneer' P.uilder and Contractor of
A. McDougall, Mgp
Manufacturers of and Deal-
„ ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
a day,"was built; seven miles of railway was constructed between tho mine
and tidewater at Boat harbor, and
bunkers of GOOO tons capacity, a -100-
ton per day coal-washery, shipping
wharf and loading plant were all' put
in at the harbor. Tho year's, production of coal was G7.0-15 long tons at
South Wellington, and 2010 tons at
Suquash, and an average of 295 men
employed was the official record for
the year.
At Suquash, the shaft entered the
seam at 170 feet depth, The seam
wns found to bo G feet in thickness,
giving from 4 feet S Inches to 5 feet
G ' Inches of good, almost smokeless,
coal, tho parting consisting of small
bands of rock, The improvements
planned for 1910 Included a hoisting
plant to handle 1500 tons por day of
nine hours and the construction of a
railway from tho mino to MoN'oll Bay,
togethor with hunkers, wharves, otc,
for shipping purposes.
Poverty, Sales and Political
Spring, Runimor and fall our farm
slavo hns tolled, Uo has harrowed
packed, drilled, harvested, shockod and
threshed, Now Is Iho season of harvest home nnd groat rejoicing, tho
imperii are full of pootry and proso,
ho thankful Ihey cry and pnliitt glowing pictures of Iho family gathering on
Ihiinl-sglvlng dny, The roynl turkey,
trimmed with strings of prosperous
sausages and chunks of rich mince-
meat, Iho peanut, but I or, cranberry
sauce nnd "punkln' pic. Theoretically 11 Ih a tlmo of harping and feasting, of broaching of miglily alo and
sparkling mead, yot Koinowhnw lho un*
lvafcniiahlo beast seems to bo anything
hut  thankful.
Around Iho mills and oh-val ors n
bunch of savage and disgusted mnn
galhor from day lo day, "Wlint'H the
price of wheat to-dayV" thoy cry, and
tho grain buyer calmly iilatos his
price, fid contH, Only flfly-slx tliey
giorni In iniiHH nml make n rapid calculation which hIiowb that al M conln
they hnvo not. enough grain lo pay
their way. Of course saya tho buyer
you don't need lo sell to us, lake II
tn Homo oilier Joint. Tho farm slavo
(O wise soul) nctH upon this ndvlco
und hauls "IiIh" grain off to Homo other
of his mniitci-H' wnr .ioiiror. Ahm,
however, fo** our wisdom, lho telephone
Iiiih been busy since lie lofl (he flrHt.
mill nml when hn humbly auks nt the
,*•*,..,-....!      IIU'I ,,!'       II,-     .,•!(.,.     r-f   *,,,l,/..,l I"
I *'          I   '
I r.fi cents HiiUh the httver nnd T don't
know that I llko tn buy ho poor a
grade.     Therefore bo thankful farm
N'ot more (hnn olherH you doncrvo
Wt Mud hift L*l\-i-n von more
.nr you have food u'JiJJo othorn starve
And bi-g from tlooor to door.
And what more do you wiuil ko long
ni the Lord hit', a tab on you, you're
light im doubt he will Hinltu (hone
rohh.-r ha inns who run hIoi'om In town
mid -ii i-u't-, rlilri" will he () K. (If
<(iiii-m- yoit'n* not robbed at the point
of .i>ii,.n, l'f.n. wi- .HI In (jw that. In
ifiil!'., I-.-,-.,11, ear i-,la*ir- fmin.-r ii
Hir.rtly i-p against It thli fall, the
i-iiKiii * * '• , tn , ii a f.iil.ii'-, |nr wee I-.-.-8;
und v.' -' i.ii rain felt and the hot
wind** li! '.'in -iK .. of un.vi tt flte litk-
ed i.,i >. * ...'■• .,,ii ol iJii- tnnnwti tain,
Tli-- " * ■ ';  •-,!' ii t ii f In' of rnin
iui 1<>*.... )S,*,I** ;.rn. alfl..jit.;!i the <>.
(i, A. i* ' * I*,_i.t ilitm i<iit, /-ten ihey
coulti i.ui .-,.},.,.v«. t_.li.c_     .Uit-r bar-]
cause of, our clients our interest never,
flags.' ' ■
Inside the office I ran inlo another
evidence of prosperity, behold a lady
in tears and a swell hat, a he slave
with his hands.dug deep into his trou-'
ser pockets and a lost! lost!!'lost!!!
look upon his face, evidently the lady's
husband. Our Punk facing them and
holding a chattel mortgage (ah thoso
fatal pink papers) from which .ho'was
reading. I retreated and presently
saw thein como out, a dejected pair,
no pity was there in my heart for
tliem because 1 know the man as a
violent and very Ignorant opponent of
Socialism, one of those who tear down
and spit upon our bills. Thon I met
Punk, ."Yos, thero was an auction."
"Yes, and It was at Copers' Barn in
half an hour and if I waited a fow
minutes ho would walk up with mo.
So together to tho barn and thon revolution for ho led mo straight up to tho
pile of trash I had passed before.
"Thoro you aro, sir, all thoso splondld
ehnttcls going for what thoy will
bring.' I looked thom over, dazed,
and old oil can, a strip of hilled carpol,
a broken lamp/a damaged homesteaders' stovo, a coffoo pot, boiiio straps, a
once bridle and n tablo with a drunken gall. "Valuable chattels nnd offocts;
"and which Is a chattel'nnd which nn
effect?' I asked at last and added, "In
any mine- communlly such a collection
of IniHh would bo dumped on tho rubbish pile,' "Cnll 'cm what you will,
sir, thoy will go llko hot. cakos," was
all ho said, and alas, It was too truo,
The crowd who gnthorod lo buy; llioy
wtiro.fnnnors, oozing prosperity, bum
old once cheap lined coats, near seal-
ello cnllnrs, Imitation Bulgarian nioiin-
lain cat. hats, unshaven faces, moccasins and overalls, n wenlthy looking
crowd nil round, They bought feverishly, tho bids rnnglng from 10 cents
lo 15 1-2, lntor thoro wns lo ho sold a
numbor of flno young goldlngs nnd
good brood mures, but an 1 had already
Inspected snld cnltle nnd found (hem
wanting, I laded nwny, heni'lHlclt at
tho mentality of my fellow men,
Later that afternoon, UiIh same
hunch cluttered with lho rubbish heap
tliey hnd pui'chnRod, gathered In Iho
(own hull an drain (Irowora (o pnHS a
resolution of conmiro upon lho government for inirchiiHlng tho 1_nHlcn.il-,)
"Nlohe,' and debate tho advisability of
forcing them (the government) to reduce the tariff upon manufactured
goods, prefacing their demand with tlio
iihiiiiI petition, "whicli humbly show
f _Ji," etc., and to tlonouiico Socialism.
A funny hunch, are they not?—-A HUD-
DION In Wostorn Clarion.
Queen's Hotel
/Under New Management
Excellent   Table  and
ad white help
Additional  Table for
28 More Men
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome   Cafe Attached
Bar supplied with   the  best Wines,
Llt-uors and Cigars
On first class
business and rest
dentlal  proporty.
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Opui ..it- all Mini-, nf liti-ihus**
in lle-ir line
Address Dox 97        Fernio
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree 8c Moffatt
•K )■
:.  WM.     BARTON  _.
. (     t\*i*iHL    k*illll*i    iil-UlteJl      jt.
■ t Pellatt    Ave,    North I-
BammgiBaui^^^^ --■■
«  Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything .'
Call in and
see us once    .*
-wv■__.»«-i-vi/uiuuiiiivuifi iuur
The Hotel of Fernie "
Fernie's 'Lending Commercial
unci Tourist IJouso
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and Trustee; . auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
P. O.  Box 308
H. H. Depew
P. O. BOX 423.
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal f
for Sale
George Barton    Phone 78 X
noi'tls iikoIiik to mellow It down ho
xu to mnko It itnlntnliln to tlio cnn.
Wlion you try It, you'll ]w. Hiiro to
"buy It."   Wo lmvo Ityos, Mult, Hi-otch
finrl Irish, niul nil from lio--**. nuit-.c-j
Ledger Ads Pay
< -.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry. Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings -
Nowhere In the
Pass can be
We have the best money
can buy of Beef,' Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry; Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and, Sauw Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
Fernie-Fort Steele
Co., Ltd.
The WeekysNews for
Our Foreign Brothers §
_*              .                                                                                                                                      ...                            W
y   :
e                     -*-
*     Dining Room and Beds under
\     ■
c'   New Management,
\   First class table board
,    "1
\    Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
\       Rates $1.00 per'day
K     R. Henderson, Dining Ronm M
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ »♦»»«-♦
j Fernie Dairy
dolivorod to all
parts of tho town
Sandoru & VcrhaeBt Brothers,
Host liiiili'i'liils only iiHt'tl
mul lli'nt i:liiss work  '
iiiuiin1iI]i piimii'iM
A Good Job
JOE FALVO      How root-, Block
I progress del meccnnlsmo, sono
costanti, stupefacenti, sconcertanti.
Leggete 1 giornali; ogni giorno, viene
annunciata l'invenzibne dl nuove mac-
chine, le quali compiono 11 lavoro di
centinaia d'operai con una preclsione
tale che non si puo eguagllare.
Non e molto tempo, e stata intro-
dotta In Europa una macchlna ameri-
cana che0 confeziona cinquanta palra
di scarpe all ora. Cio pero non im-
pedisce che ci sia della gente che va
ancora a piedi nudi.
Ultimamente l'ingegnere Owens ha
Inventato una macchina genialissima
che sostltulsce II soffiatore dl vetro
nella fabbricazlonc delle bottiglle.
Questa macchlna produce 15,000 bot-
■tiglie al giorno, mentre 11. soffiatore
plu eapace non.arriva a produrro nel
modeslmo tenipro pia dl 300.   •
Si dice che il fuuzlonamento di det-
ta macchina sia cosa veramente sor-
prendente; peroessa ha privato brus-
camente due mlla operi del d'esls-
' Negli Stati Uniti—ove e In uso 1'-
arato elettrico—un uomo puo produrre
tanto grano suciente a nutrlre 250 per-
sone; nel paesl arretrati dell'Europa
un uomo puo produre solo dl che nu-
trh-ne 30.
Oggl, nel muliuo piu perfezlonato
un solo operaio' puo maclnare 4500
chilogrammi dl grano all'ora, mentre
lo schlavo antico non poteva macln-
arne che 7. Cosi attualmente, un
operaia macina la farina per 92,000
persone, mentre nella casa antica la
poteva maclnare per sole tre persone!
Colle vecchie macchine tipografiche
non si potevano triare che.400 0 500
giornali all'ora; le rotative permett-
ono attualmente di tirarne 100,000 all'ora.
- E eoii bisogna pensare che il pro-
gresso si arresti a questo punto; no
anzi eso non fa che accentnarsl. Tanto
che certurii credono chepossa real-'*
izzarsi il sogno dell'industriale - ing-
elese; liberare il captalis'mo dalle esi-
genze della mano d'opera—per mezzo
del macchinismo.
Gettar quindi tutti, 0 quasi tutti i
lavoratohl sulla strada! Questo
sarebbe il rlsultato ultimo a cui dovre-
bbe giungere lo sviluppo della mec-
Ma quando i nove decimi della po-
polazione rimonesserb disoccupati,
miserabill, morti di fame—a chi ven-
derebbero i capitalisti tutta la enonne
quantlta di merci che essi potrebb'ero
ionatissime macchine messe in azione
e sorvegliate da pochissimi operai?
Che varebbe mai—anche per loro—
aver dimtauita la mano d'opera, ■ e
splnta al massimo la produzione, quando perflessero 1 compratorl?
Eppure la tendenza naturale del cap-
ilallsta e propi-io questa: avere la
magglor possibile quantlta, dl prodotti
impiegando.il minor numero possible
di lavoratori. Ogni padrone d'indus-
tria devo contenorsl cosi; per dlminulre
le sue speso 0 aumentare i suoi pro-
E appunto per cio anche oggl seb-
bene sia ancora molto lnntano 11 giorno
in cui le machine potrnnno sosltuiro
quasi complotmonto l'operaio—-noi ve-
dlamo, nol mondo capltallsta, da una
parte crosccrti sempro plu il numero
del dlsocciipntre (lall'altra aumentare
contlininmonto la qunntiia dolla merce
cho rcsta inveiululn perche non trova-
' Dl qui lo cosldotto crisi dl sovra-
protluzloiie, clie sono vlccvorsa crisi til
sotto consumnzlon. I.'lnilustrinlo
fnlllsco porclio non puo vendoro 1 sol
prodotti ; 0 11 prolotarlo stent a porclio
—oasondo dlscocciipato 0 mal pngato
—-non puo comprni'll!
La . macfihlnii—-clie moltlpllcn por
cento 0 por mille lo forzo dollouomo
0 cho dovorebbb quindi costnntomonto
0 In ogni cosa raoltlpllcaro dl nltrott-
unto 11 boiiossoro Boclnlo—nol alHtoma
oconnmico nttunlo tllvonln Invecb
ciuifla dl mlsorln,
Supponote cho 1 cnpltnllstl Implog-
hlno orn 100 mlllonl ill operai 0 cho
(lonmiil, con Hntroiluzlono dl nuovo
mucclilno ossl possnno Implognrno sol-
tiuito 10, Como potroblioro vlvero'i. I
nltrl 00 mlllonl vlmiiBtl sonzl. lavoro 0
sonzu un Holdo in Iiihcii? Quest!
sni'obboro nllora comlnnnnll a fnr hi
flno del onto l.fjollno, neennto nl ran-
Kozzlnl 0 nl ncKiinzl del cnpltnllHtl nis-
urglniill dl 0K11 spoclo dl morel!
Anclin (|iit'Hio tllmtiHlrn dio lo 111110
chlno non iU.vr.no ohhopo 0 11011 pot-
rniiiin rlmun-nvo In proprletn dio pi-1-
IShho hoii fill to per tllmiiulr In fncl.ru
(I   ll('(-|*l>HI'OI'0   llOIIOHHOl'O   (lt'llll   fllllllRlIll
milium,     So In tmu'('liliin*lt)v-"'o dl ub*
hrovnlro In Klorniitii ill Inviiro (Icll'op-
t'l'Illo   O   ill   HOlltllHilll'O   |lll|   Illl'KUinOllUl
i bisogni dell'operaio stesso - e della
sua famiglialo getta nell'inferno della
discocupazlone, la colpa non e punto
della macchna, ma dal modo in <_.ui
essa viene usta -nelll-odierno ordina-
mento sociale.
Toglietela al privato, alio, specula-
tore, alcapitalista—datela alia societa,
alia collettivita dei lavoratori organi-
zzati—ed avrete eliminate ogni danno.
Essa arrechera allora tutti gli im-
mensi beneficl che per sua natura.o
destinata a produrre. Per virtu sua,
la famiglia umana potra lavorare semper meno e nel tempo stesso godere di
ricchezze sempre maggiori.
Pri volitvah'dne 8. t. m. je dobila
socil*jalisti5na stranka prvega zasto-
pnilca v kongres. Izvoljen je sodr,
;Viktor. L. Derger v Milwaukee, Wis.
Tam je priborlla strandka' tudi ves
county. Stevilo socljalistignih glasov
je narastlo velikansko—po nekterih
dr&avah za sto procentvo.—VsploSnem
so zmagali demokratje. Vee prihod-
Stowarzyszenie przemyslowcow w
oez&pmytnAegle SS SSHRLUSHDLU
Los Angeles cofnelo swoja subwenc'ye
na wykrycie zbrodnlarzy, ktorzy spow-
odowali wy buch w oficynach ..Times."
—Przypuszczaja oni i slusznie, ze
szplcle pobudzeni wysoka nagroda zap-
rowadzillby za sladem do ofisow kap-
italistycznych. Nie dadza zas takim
nagrody. Konce w wode, jak pisal 0
tern RobotnikPolski. Wybuch w zak-
ladach „Timesa" nastapil wskutek wy-
puszcezenia gazu'_ Na te okolicznosc
wskazywall pracujacy w oficynach, ze
gaz uchodzi. Zarzad nie dbal oto.
Zabral on pleniadze asekuracyjne i
mogl rzucic podejrzenie na unistow. I
jedna jeszcze szczegolna rzecz. Dyna-
mlt, ktory podkladano pod domy bogac-
zow byl owinlety w taki sam papier,
jak dynamit uzywany przy robotach
mlejsklch. Szef policy! napewno wie,
kto dynamit podkladal pod domy „zna-
komitszych" obywateli.
Ale konce Wiwode!—Robotnik Pol-
ski.     . * ...
power employed' in the works will
show the number and horsepower of
steam, gas and gasoline engines, water wheels and electric motors, as well
as the power sold to or bought from
other public or private companies.
The fuel used at the-works will show
the quantity of coal, wool or other
fuel and its value laid down at the
works, including transportation and
duties. The coal will be classified
by measure to show whether it is
foreign or Canadian. Custom work
and raw materials will be reported by
kind or class, and .entries will be made
to show amounts received in the year
for custom work and repairs; and the
cost value of raw or partly finished
materials used at the works. - The
kind or class of products of the works
in 1910 will be entered ,by separate
name if more than one is made, the
quantity or number of each finished
ed article and the value of separate
products in the year. The aim of
this record is to show the extent and
variety of manufactures in each province and district, but it will be understood that the statistics as compiled and published will give away no
records of individual business. Totals
will be published only where three or
more industries of a class or kind are
reported. All information here referred will be collected by enumerators
on schedule No. 9.
The census of the dairy industry
relating to the production of butter,
cheese, cream and condensed inilk,
will be taken on schedule No. 12, and
will show for each kind of product its
quality and selling value, and thee
quality of milk and cheese used for
conversion at factories, the number bf
patrons and the amount of money distributed to them in the year.
Kapitalisticni 6asniki izjavlja.io pon-
ovno, do je _elezarsko in jeklarsko
mesto v Gary, Ind. nekako vzor mesto.
V resnici je pa, to mesto podobno og-
romni plantazi, na kateri delajo suznji.
Za ?.elezarski In jeklarski trust dela
kakih sest tisoc delavcev. --Delijo se
_v"_d.va.'_delaynika (§ihta), Poibvica dela
comfortable life was possible for -all
at the expenditure of ,a quarter of the
time now occupied in labor.
The working classes aro to-day ,in
the position they are because that is
the only position they are fit for.
They were proud of producing for the
enjoyment of the' master class. When
they were educated in the facts of
modern- industry they would change
the entire system, and insist that all
who enjoyed both the necessaries and
luxuries of life should take their part
in production." Socialists had no harsh
feelings towards capitalists personally,
They were human beings like themselves. But their function as capitalists must be abolished and they
must take their share of the labor of
the world, and as useful members of
society receive their full share of the
good  things 'of life. '
Several questions were asked and
were ably handled by the speaker.
The chairman announced E. T.
Kingsley, of Vancouver, as next Sunday's speaker.
4,500,000 UNEMPLOYED
NEW YORK, Nov. 21— The number
of unemployed in the United States
is estimated at 4,500,000 by the investigating board of the Bowery Mission.
Fifteen po*f cent of them are said lo
be in New York City and vicinity.
That the CJty-by-t.he-Sea,, is going
ahead by leaps'and bounds is evidenced by the school trustees asking the
council for the tidy sum of nearly
one milliion* dollars, to be exact,
$907,000 for new schoools and improvements.
po dnevu enajst ur, druga polovica~~pa~
trlnajst ur po nocl. Delavnik menjajo
na stirinajst dnl. Placaje 16 do 17
in pol centa na uro. Posebna policija
strazi delavce. Organizatorjem unij
in casnikarskim poroCcvalcem je pre-
povedan v'stop. Mesto je navadna jet-
nisnlca, kl ima §e strozje predptse, kot
dr?,avne jetniSnlce in kaznllnice.
Vzlic temu pa: nalvni ljudje in pre-
frlgani sloparjl trdijo, da Bivimo v
de2eli svobode.
60   YEARS'
Trmjc Marks
M^«i,r^|i>ii-r(*t nt*,.
On the first of June next year a census will be taken of tho manufactures
of Cnnndn.    It will nscortaln the cnpltnl  employed  in  works In' 1910,  together with the value' of   land, buildings and plant, the kind or class of
products of the works by quantity or
number of finished articles and their
values In the yenr.     Theso statistics
will relate generally to such Industries
ns flour mills and grist mills, brick
works, saw and shingle, mills, electric
light and  power plants, nnd a fow
others whore the valuo of   products
is lnrgo In proportion to tho numbor
of persons omployod.     Returns will
bo  requlrod  without  rognrd  to  the
number of employees,   Tlio employoos
of work will Includo mnnngors, superintendents, etc, on snlnrlos; officers,
dorks, otc, on snlnrleBj operatives or
workers classed us over nnd under 10
yenrs on wngos;   nnd   ploco-workors
omployod outsldo of tho works.     Sal
nrloH, wngoa nnd pnymonts to nil officers and omployeos will bo ontored
011 tho Rchotlulo for tlio coiibub year
by sex, nntl will Include tho nggroRnto
wcokB employed In tlio yonr, nvorngo
houi'K of wuiUlng tlmn pur week, find
nggrcgnlo wngo pnld lo (hem in tha
yenr.     The iiggroRiito waokn of tlmo
nntl  tlio nggrngnto  wngeB paid  will
refer lo lhe wholo body of employeoH
for tho yonr, whilo tho nvoniRo Unurn
of working 1I1110 will refer to nn nvor*
nun coinpiitod for nil tunpluyotm In the
yenr for 0110 week only,     l-'or piece,
workorH oiiliildo of tho workH tho hIii-
UhiIi'h uru" i-r-(|uh'Q<l to hIiow hy uox
Ihe ii'-,ki'<>kiiIo ■myniuiilH imuln to tills
cIuhh In lho yt'iir, nnd nlso ihu nggrn*
Hii to  vnluo of  I hulr |>i (Hindu,     Thu
List of Locals District 18
'■'riliiiitii iiiken jlirou
..    .        tlw til— ,
aunt 1t*a, iiMmt a pen rr.for •oourlji_t
 -- tfiroutth Mr-- "
, wit
« hun-lnomiilT IUo«tt»t«l w**»ly.  r*rito.t el_
ip<<^ .wt t^~**il Jioiit t&JJiyo, lath*
Scientific American.
A hftn-lnomnlr tllo«tr»t*4 treeM-**,  l*r«a.t el
tt.ikii.i_-_yi wj «..„u-.i..i» j.w„,i.-.   ■;.....■■•j.vr
fa _   8U WMhlDllOD. O.C. "
Sunday last a new tlmecnrtl went
into effect nntl below wn nlso ■..«.
chani;c8 thnt nffcot thl« point:
_! 12—9:20 a. m. Ixvcnl, eaitbound.
31.1—10:00, TlMtuInf pn»«enRcr wcit-
1—WA9, Flytpr, wetibound.
31-1—1(1:10, nesuUr pavtenRor,
311—20:38, Uveal, wettbound.
«--2*l:89, Flyor, flflslbound,
.ut* I
Coi'i'(i(.-l(,!(l by 1 Mulvlct R.i'i'   etni-y up tn Nnvembei* IH, li'10.
i :.:.,...: .. ..   v. ":\.--<\ ;-. v«"M<n.ui un*
]!t--iii-r Crrc-k   .. \V. Wnt'.-nn.  TV-twi-v  CvooXa, vin   IMiu-her.
Utillovuo    .1. llir.kc, Bellevuo. Prnnlt, Alln.
Hurmtt*     Thonitts Oropory.  Ilurmls, Altn,
Cniiinoio  I, N'ell, ('nniiiore, Altn.
Colomnn    Xx'. flnihinn, f'olt'iiinn, Altn,
C.irliondnlo   15.   M.  Uiivich.  V'«nioiiilii*ii:,  vtia-maii, mva,
Cnrdlff    I.. Iluf-kiiiR. Cnrdlff, Altn.
Corbin    H. .Ioiich, Corbin. H. C.
Diamond City .. (leorgo 'DobHon, Dlnmond City, LothbrldRo.
Kdmonton   ...., M. Imnlc, -13*1 !.orno stroet, Norwood, Edmonton.
Fernio   I), llcofl, Fornio, II. C.
Frank .......... O. Nicol, Frank, Altn.
Ilotmor    .1.  Ani*, ITonmer.  Tl. C.
Ilillcrt'iit    J   i,. Joiiok. Ulllcn-M, Altn.
T.ollibrldeo  CwotKO Hlnrllffe. lilnmond City, IMhbrhli'o.
f.lll«  t  W. L. Bvaim. Mile. Frank. Alia.
Maple teal .... M.  -Jlllilny,   MnpU*.  I^af.  ncllevua. Alta.
Michel   M. nurrell. Mlclirl, n. C.
FassburK  ...... ilarry Bmith. I'lii-hburB, AUa.
Hoyal CoUUivWti. CUavUi auiltli. Royal C-.Ilf.rr. to.thhrldz", Alfa.
Taber  William HurhoII. Taber. AUa.
Tnber  VJ. Hrown, Tnbor, AUa.
* (Victoria Colonist
A fairly large audience assembled
at the Grand Theatre on Sunday
evening to hear Gerald Desmond, one
of the'lecturers and organizers of the
Socialist party, lecture on "The Struggle for Existence.'
The real history of the human face,
said the speaker, is not bound up in
the record of wars and the actions
of kings,, but is the story of the
struggle for existence. Food was the
primal necessity of life, and the- method of securing the food supply was
the foundation of the institutions, of
any given period. In spite of the
manifold production of the present
day, for the mass of the people, was
a sordid struggle for the bare neces-
condition was changed it was useless
trying to develop the spiritual side of
man. When the material problems of
life had been solved, It would be time
to develop, the higher faculties.
The change from the primitive communism to the first form of slavery
occurred with the development of
agriculture, and the domestication   of
animals: Hitherto—prisoners—taken-
during the tribal wars, which wore
common, had been eaten. Had they
been sent to range the wilds in search
of either animal food or roots and
berries, they, would never have returned. But when lt was found to be
better to collect some of the roots of
plants and cultivate these in a smaller
area, and to capture and domesticate
animals, the slaves were compelled
to perform this labor, ' Slave guards
were appointed by the master tribe,
and this was the boginning of the
standing armies which have now-
grown to such large porportlons, and
whose primary functions are still the
same to keep slaves In subjection. Later weaker members of the tribe wore
compelled by tho guards to take their
places with tho slaves, and ns the
system doVelopod the head men of tho
tribes arrogated power to thomselves
nnd tho feudal system came into existence.
Tho  speaker  then  briefly  pointed
out tho essentlnl foaturos of tho feudal syslom, showing, Hint ns a gonornl
rulo tlio serf worked ono half of his
tlmo for the feudal baron nnd the remainder   for   hlmsolf,     The   feudal
systom wns chcapor for tho master
than chnttol slavery, Innsmuch ns tlio
proportion of wonlth received by the
lord was gronter, nnd tho responsibility less,     Present dny wngo slavery
Ib bettor still for tlio master cIiibb, iih
Ib Bhown by tho ntatlstlps Issued by
tho  ruling  clnss  governments  thom-
solves.     It took eighty per cent, nf
tho chnttol Blavtrn' product to maintain
lilm j tho Horf rolnlned one-half of his
produco; tho wngo slavo of to-dny U
linndod buck ns his Blnves' portion, In
tho form nf wngoH, on nn nvorngn loss
thnn  twenty por cont. of tho vnluo
produced.     Yet lho worker of to-dny
thought liluiHi'lf a free mini because
ho hud tho prlvllogo of leaving one
miiHtoi' nnd going In son roll of another.
The problem of prndiioiloii hns been
mnrkml by novm-nl revolts, and In each
of I hoso I hore hnd been nu effort niiulo
by iho hIiivhh lo net piihhohhIoii of tho
nioniiH of llfo—llu' hind,     When the
working chins dovelop thn hiiiiio know,
ledge of lho rnuse of their problems,
tliey would Inlte over the control of
Hn*  inticliliiory of production,
, The problem nf prnilucMinii hns been
Holvod,     The iicceHHlty nl' te-ilny wns
to curry the Hiijj;i>vi-irn:i|ili'N us umeni-
cil  product/on  luiti illuti ibul.ton. imd
wllh the. />llmltintl*i of much iit-clcHH
lnbor iiuir.-nl-ollMnu.of lho viisl waste
Of    (lie    lU'i'Sf-Ilt" lllilili'.-lvilli    Hy.Hletll,    it
Strong Healthy Women
If a woman is strong and healthy in a womanly way, motherhood means to her but little suffering. The trouble lien
, in the fact that the many women suffer from weakness and
disease of the distinctly feminine organism and are unfitted
for motherhood.   This can be remedied.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
Cures tbe weaknesses und disorders of women.
It  acts  directly on  the delicate and important
organs concerned in motherhood, malting them .
healthy,    strong,   vigorous,   -virile   and   elastic.
"Favorite Prescription" banishes the indispositions of the
period of expectancy and makes baby's advent easy and
almost painless. - It   quickens   and vitalizes the  feminine
organs, and insures a healthy and robust  baby.   Thousands  of -women hare
testified to its marvelous merits.
It Makes Weak Women Strong.     It Makes Skk Women Well.
Honest druggists do not offer substitutes, and urge them upon you as "just
•s good.",  Accept no secret nostrum in place of this non-secret remedy/   It
.  contains not a drop of alcohol and not a grain of habit-forming or injurious
drugs.   Is a pure glyceric extract of healing, native American roots.
2001   James Olaf Williams, Fernie.
2015   George Wilson, Fernie Annex.
.These names were retained at the
request of the several individuals
through the agency of D, Paton,
Thomas G. Harries, and Nick McLean, et al.
Lizard   Local  General  Teamsters  No.
141.    Meets every Friday night at
o 8 p. m.    Miners'    union    hall.    J.
Jackson,  President;    E.   Marsham,
Recording Secretary.
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
The followng names objected to on
the ground that they were repeated
on the list have been 'retained:
Joseph JDodd, Coal Creek-
John Jones, Coal Creek.
Samuel Orr. West Fernie.
The following names objected to on
the ground that they were not qualified to be placed on the list, have
had their application accepted:
Peter Gaskell, Coal Creek.
John It. McPherson, Coal Creek.
Frank Lecker, Coal Creek.
Charles Robert Sayle, Coal Creek.
Oliver Winstanley, Coal Creek.   .
Andrew Tweddle, Coal Creek.
Jonathan Atkinson, Coal Creek.
Fred* Wovsley, Welsh Camp.
Tlio following names objected to on
the ground,that they have ceased to
reside in the district, have been retained on the list:     - ,    -   ,
No.    .Name and Address.
24   Henry Allan, Coal Creek.    rt
27   Abraham" Alldred, Coal, Creek.
66   Peter Atkinson, Fernie Annex.
68   Thomas Atkinson, Fernie Annex
_137   Robt. Beck. Coal. Cieek.    7
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Meets 2nd and 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.     D. J Lees, Se<--..
Typographical Union No. 555.' Meets
last Saturday In each _nonth at the
Ledger Office. . A. J, Buckley, Secretary.
Local Fernie No. 17 S. P. of C. Meets
in Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody-welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
<«*>"*•*_» «#► at. n*'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦'♦ ♦ '
♦ ♦
«>                6VAV    A WAV,               ■■*-.
♦   ♦
^   Not lee to All Mine Workers.   ♦
♦ All nilnPW nrn rnqii-p-nl. d to ♦
♦ niny nwny from Irwin, Mndlnon, ♦
a*.   .*,,, l,ii»-,^    T 'it I'Mir,   'iti,l   intlif,**  4*.
41* mining tn wim hi Wenttiioielnud ♦
♦ county, where a tatrlk-n hn'i boon ♦
+ In effect iilnee April 1, 1910, thc ♦
«*» conl rompnnlfH hnvlnt? refimnd ♦
O to n-cognlzo   tho   minor.*' or* **.
-a, ---(Hil/nllon or enter Inlo a work- ♦
♦ fnif mrroomont. ARonfn nf llio ♦
4k ronl coiiKirntloiiH tiro (.hipping ♦
♦ men from vnrloiiR pnrtn of tin** ♦
4* rotintry to tako Dw placo of tlio ♦
4i* Hlrlkflm by iiilsrnproiiontlnB tlm ♦
+ true condition of attain, ♦
4* _ rr-nldf-nt.   -#
+.                                   ftoc'y.Tron* •»•»
♦ ♦
433 '
714 '
■ i *_.:, r.
i "it"
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet in Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
from the city of Vancouver northerly
nnd easterly by way of the Kootenay
Pass to some point on the Old Man
river in the Province of Alberta,
thence northeasterly through the Province of Saskatchewan to some point
on the shores of the Hudson's bay at
least one hundred miles* north of Fort
Churchill on the Churchill river.
'3.   Authorizing  it to* connect  with
foreign railroads.
4. Authorizing
bonding, powers;
Solicitor for the Applicant.
Dated at Ottawa    this    Sth    day of
November, A. D.,-1910. 16-Dt
it   to   increase   Its
and  for  other  piir-
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D, J. Evans,
President; F. I-I. Shaw. Secretary.
Wm, Vaughn Bell, Fernie, M_
Pherson avenue.
Herbert Booth, Coal Creek
Wm. Bullen, Michel.
Wm. Cadman,'Coal Creek. '
Goo.fcHonry Carnell, Fernie.
Robert Clark, Michel.
Wm. Walter Clarkstone, Fernie.
John Cooper, New Michel.
Christopher'* Craddock,    Fernie,
William    Beaton    Crulkshank,
Thos. Cunliffe, Pernio Annex.
David Davies, Michel.
Thomas Henry Davies, Hosmor
Ira L, Dowls, Michel,
Joseph P. Dixon, Michel.
John Donnnchie, Coal Creok.
Thos. Douglns, Conl Creek.
John Dudley, Fornie.
.Tns, E, Enston, Fornio,
Geo. Edgar, Fovnle.
Henry Edmunds, Fernie.
Wm.    Ilnrcourt    Evans,    Conl
John Flomlug, Conl Crook.
Albert Geo. Wm. Foster,  Conl
John II. Fuller, Michel.
Goorgo Gnlller, Fornio Enst.
CliaR. Onrnor, Michel.
Joseph Gauthrlo, Fornio.
John Glovor, Fernio.
Joseph Gray, Conl Creek,
Joshua Grny, Conl Crook,
Joseph Grlbbln, Fornio.
Wm. Griffiths, Fornio, West,
Isnno Ilnllo, Conl Creek,
Wm; llnrrold, Conl Creok,        I
TIiob. Geo, Hnrrles, Mlchol,       I
Tliomns Harris, Mlchol,
Snmuel JnmoR Harrison, Fornie.
Albort  I'M wnnl   Hnrt woll,  Hob*
Lnvlson 1 Ionic, Conl Crook.
l'ntor IllgKon, Mich**!,
Wm, Hodson, Coul Creek.
Thomnfi Holmes, Michel,
Albert Holmes, Michel.
John Win. Potor Horn, refill'*.
John ll. Ilullon, Michel.
Henry JIulsoii, Conl Cn-clc,
.Tniinllinn K, Jny, Conl Creek,
Frnnk Kiijml, Michel.
Win, Long, Fertile
llcrninn Lyim, Conl Creek.
Arthur 11. Murcm*. Ciiul Creek.
lleni-y   Miif-hlu, l-'ernle.
llohorl   Moon, Now Michel,
Thos,  Miiii-hciid,  .MIcln-1.
1l*ivi.i Murray, Conl Crci'lc.
Ileitiitiii A. .Miirriiy. ('mil t'lc.-U,
Hi'ctor McDoitnlil, Conl Creek,
Ale* Mc.'V.iiiii, Conl Creek.
Henry  Mefjnlre.  ■"onl  Creek,
Mick  MH.CIHI.  Michel,
Robert  Mcl.ctchle, Conl Cit-t-k.
iiniiw rvvelll   Cmil Creek.
Kiimuel Nil-hulls, Conl Crock,
Jus, Wrigl.i Un*. t u.il in r,;*..
Thomas  Of.ni,   Mlchi.l.
.lolm l'aiii-iwoii. l-'ernlo,
Mlcheln Pi-rfctto, Michel.
Percy Price, Kernle,
M'\„    I'.,.,Vin    Michel
Win. .1. ID-Id, Coul ('noli,
Christ Reinhi, l*>nile.
Mlchnel ItnliliiHiin, Michel,
.lohli   Metr-iilf  UtiHhlon,  Michel
Daniel Hlinw, Conl Creek.
Win. Hhoi-rockH, Michel.
Win. Hllverwnoil, Fe-rnlo.
John Hlnglclon, Coul Creek.
1752   ThomiiH Kpotir, Fertile,
17.".!   Albert  Sponr. l-'ernie.
17S9   TIioh. Wm. Htownrt, Fertile.
181S   Jiih. Tnher. Michel.
1S22   Fred  Tnlbnf- Fernie,
1S20   John Tmitoum,  Mich-l,
1«?.2   IloWrt Taylor. Ml-cln-l.
is.m   Falrlrk Terrlon, Mlch.-l.
1970   CcnrKO Whnlloy, Feme.
19Sf»   John  Wlilttfikor.  Michel.
pany will apply tu the Parliament of
Canada at its next session for an Let:
l; Authorizing it to construiit the
fo.'iM.r.g branch lines—(a)' from a
point ar or near where the main Hue
crosses the North Saskatchewan river
in tho Province of Alberta'northwesterly, crossing the Athabaska river,
thenco to a point on the Peaco river
nt or near Dunvegam, thence lo Parsnip river, thenco southerly to the
Noclmco river, thonce southwesterly
to Dean's Channel, or to Gardiner's
canal, nnd (b) from a point on the
Elk river In tho Province ot British
Columbia by the most fenslblo roulo
easterly to tho Watorton river,* thence
onstcrn to a point on lho International
boundary near Coutls.
2. Extending tho time within which
It mny construct Its lino of rnllwny
Thisshoehas a specially,
designed steel arch shank,
and is made on a perfectly
modelled last, which entirely eliminates any uncomfortable feeling when
walking. Although we
particularly recommend
this style, which is one of
the Custom Grade at
Four Dollars, we have
other ART SHOES at
$3.50 and $..00. For sale
only at this store.
Quarterly  Dividend Notice
Notice is hereby given that a dividend nt thc rate of SIX
PER CENT; per mi mini has been declared upon the paid-up
capital Btook of the Homo Hank of Canada for Uiu three
months ending tho 30tn day of November, 1910, und tho samo
will be payablo at tlio Head Offico or any branches of tho
Home Bank on and alter Thursday, the Fir-it day of December r,e>:t,
The trunsfcr books will lie cloned from the lClh to th-? 30th
day of November, 1910, both days inclusive,
Hy ord'.i til tho Bonrd
Toronto, October 2Cth.
General Manager.
A beautiful range of Xmas cards at
Suddaby's. • 17-ft
Kathleen, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
L. A. S. Dack, is seriously ill with
typhoid fever.
. Have  you   chosen  your., Christmas
• Annuals or Gift Books.     If not see
Suddaby's; a most complete stock to
choose from. * 17-tf
Mr. Kilby, piano tuner for the Mason
Rich Co., well known in Fernie, died
suddenly in Phoenix this week.
For high-class chocolates call at
the  Todd  Block  Candy Store.
An appetite for sweets, can be
gratified at* the Todd Block Candv
A large and well assorted stock of
the best just received at the Todd
Block Candy Store.
Q. Where can I get first quality
A.   Todd  Blbek  Candy  Store.
Under the direction of Rev. Dr.
Easterbook there is a splendid growth
of interest in the affairs of the Baptist Church.
Frederick William Prince will deliver an illustrated "Travel Talk on
alifornia," in the Fernie Opera House
on-Thursday, Dec. int., consisting of
275 beautifully colored lantern slides
an-i JC-l'ii feet of moving film.
, The Provincial and Government
Building and- the Anglican Church possess what we believe to be a unique
distinction in the West, both having
imported slate roofs.
•' , The best rebuttal that can be advanced against the assertion of the
labor haters that the Time's of Los
Angeles was blown up by unionists
is the fact that 30 former employees
taken out cards in the I.T.U. -since
the disaster.
Correspondence lessons in mining,
by Thomas Alordy, first class B. C.
(Highest percentage obtained) and
lMigland. Each lesson complete $1.50;
$50 for complete course of _0 7les-
sons. Apply Thomas Mordy, Merritt,
*B- c- , " 16-4t
The case of " Picarello-Pollock vs.
Rex, which came up before J. ■_*.
Armstrong in the provincial court last
Thursday, has been disposed of by
the imposition of-.a fine of $100' and
costs. The defendents were charged
with having been guilty of a breach
of tho liquor act. Picarello, having
obtained orders at Michel for spirit-
ous liquors, took same from the stock
of the Pollock Wine company and delivered it and made collection for it.
The case was to decide a point of
law as to what constituted a sale.
G. H. Thompson of Cranbrook, representing the prosecution, contended
that the sale was consumated in I-Ios-
mor,  while W.  S.  Lane__pf__Rp_Ks "■*'-
The Ukrainian Socialists from B. C.
held tlieir inter-provincial convention
at Coleman, Alta., last Sunday, Nov.
J. W. Semencik was. chairman, J.
Boychuk vice-chairman, J. Cossack
apd O Kraykivs secretaries.
Convention was opened at 2 p.m.
with twenty delegates in attendance.
There was much of interest and enthusiasm.
Besides the party matters, on which
delegates took hearty discussion, they
passed a resolution to take up the matter of insurance association for which
a committee was appointed to make a
sketch of the statute.
Convention decided.to enlarge their
party paper, "obochyj Narod," to buy
linotype and bring the paper west to
Fernie. B. C.
A good printing shop is sorely needed; it would enable us to publish socialist propaganda books.
Propaganda and paper questions
aroused such an interest In the delegates that they said they will get to
work, when back, and predicted that
in half a year they will own a good
printing shop with a good linotype.
Six shares at $50 were bought at the
convention of the Ukrainian Socialist
Publishing Association stocks'
There is hope that the * socialist"
movement will spread rapidly when
the linotype is purchased, paper enlarged and brought west.
At 11 p.m. the convention adjourned
and delegates went to their work, to
different camps. Yes, they went to
work, and they will work with a will
Six lumber jacks beat up Bill Leacy
in Elko last Monday and are now held
in the city jail awaiting trial to-morrow   (Saturday).  a
WANTED—Six young ladies to
complete class in practical dermatology massage for reviving wasted
tissues; removing wrinkles, blackheads, and blemishes of the skin.
Manicuring, wig making and hair
work in all its branches. Graduates
easily secure good positions at highest
wages. Full particulars on application - to , the secretary, Miss Eva
Powell, Canadian College of Dermatology, 723 Pender street, Vancouver,
B- C. .,..15:4.
Lane argued otherwise;1 but the fact
thaL the fine has" been imposed as
above stated establishes the contention of the * crown.
Musical Parlies and Dances catered
* for-   The_best nnd very latest,
 n.nsic~i"n~"the"<listTict" *"
For particular npply to
Thoo.  Maxzanobilo, Box* 233' Pernie
or Si]*-.. Zaccarro
The Store  of Good Values
9   !
Our constant aim and efforts is to give to our patrons the biggest and best vzlues ever
and that our efforts are appreciated is evidenced by our ever increasing business. The
highest quality otthe lowest possible price, together with a store seavice that endeavors to  satitfy in every  particular,   are  the  foundotion  principals  of our business. '
"Wo invite yonr inspection of the immense range of '.'Pit Reform" and
"Faultless" Clothing that we have here
assembled for the winter season. Designed by Canada's leading tailors the
style and workmanship throughout embodies all that- is best in correct tailoring, AVe are.showing a broad range of
patterns in Greys, Browns and Greens,
subdued checks and diagonal effects.
We especially draw your attention to
the exceptional values we are offering
at this time, every suite priced at only
a fraction of its worth.
Pit Reform, regular $25.00,
special-*   $19.50
Pit Reform, regular $22.00,        ..     *
• special  .' .7 .  $17.25
Faultless, regul;uv1*l8.00, special $13.75
Faultless, regular $16.50, special $12.25
Faultless, regular $12.50, special $9.50
Faultless, regular $10.25, special   $8.25
We are Sole Agents for Carhartt's
Men's Winter Caps in a pleasing
assortment of dressy Tweeds, worsteds,
melton and corduroy. All the newest
shapes andpatterns, both fur and knitted lined.    ' - -    7
65c. to $1.65.
" Children's Winter Coats made of All-
wool tweeds, cheviots, serges and beavers ; with cuff and collars trimmed with
braids and buttons; patch and flat
pockets; in navy, cardinal, reseda, hunter's green and brown.
Special, $3.40 to $7.65
Infants' and Children's All-wool
Overalls. Just the article to keep the
baby from catching cold; pulls on over
shoes with"draw string at the- waist
- Saturday 40c. pair,..
"" Ladies' Wool Gloves in black and assorted colors and patterns.',
Saturday 25c. per pair
Ladies' All-wool'ribbed Vests and
Drawers. Vest with self or silk' facing and silk draw strings; in white
cream or natural.
.    Regular, $1.25.
Saturday 95c. per garment
14 Pieces of Art Sateens, Critons and
Silkalines. These materials aire suitable for draperies, cushion, tops, box
coverings, and ^comfort coverings. ' „ A
large variety of patterns with green,
cream, cardinal, red, fawn and black
Regular, 25c. to 30c. *
Saturday 5 yards for $1.00.        ,
Leckie's Pit Shoe; a shoe as near waterproof as it is possible to make leather
Eight inch top; best quality chrome
leather --reinforced raw hide sides,, toe
and back. ■ A shoe warranted to give:
satisfaction and service or your money
$5.50 per Pair
Special Bargain in Men's Fine'Dress
Shoes: a collection that includes all thq
popular leathers,51 made up in a wida
variety of lasts. A good stout shoe iii
box calf or velour for winter wear; n
Patent for dress occasions; a Tan for
street wear; we have them all and
every pair a bargain at the special price
Regular, $5.00 to $6.00
Saturday special, $3.95.
SATURDAY     -  *
Wa'gstaffe's and Kootenay-   Pure
, Fruit Jam, 5 lb. tins 65c.
Pels Napatha Soap/4 bars 25c.
2 oz. Nutri Ox, regular 40c, special 25c.
4 oz. Nutri Ox, regular 70c, special 45c.
2 lb. Tins Preserved Strawberries
2 tins ...*....'..  35c.
3 lb. Tins Preserved Apples, per tin 10c.
2 lb. Tins Preserved Apples, per tin 35c.
2 tins ...... ; .'25c.
tnlbaMe for
= _
A Special Offering off 2Sc
a copy or S Copies for $1
Tine1 Bkihiid^ Ledger
11! you'll excuse us talking
shop,, wcM like to remind you
ol! Hazors. Of course, barbers ure u neuesRy, but you
can't carry one around in your
"grip" nor have one on your
dress., r in the morning. Hence,
Quails', Tlio Zimilli Ra/.or Is
the style your grandfather
used, and it bis tod Iiim all his
lifo, $2,50, guaranteed two
yours. Tho ol lior is llio. latest
HHrvo-Hulf safely, the Gillette,
und Quail is handing out dozens of thom in oxehimgo for
$5.00 or moro. Razor Strops
50 0, up. Shaving brushes,
2!5i!. to $1.50. l.nzoi* hones,
shaving soup, oto. Quails is
really tlic-o-o Ruzor Shop of
Fernio,     Count and soo,
Dry Goods and Drug Stores
display; .Scissors and  .Shears,
"I-Shr tag and bobtail" lots,
but tho wise folks, the really
■wise, ohm buy 'cm at Quails,
at liardwnro prices, from tho
Tho sumo old stamlnd makes
ut hardware prices, from tlm
dsiuty lady-like Mnibroidory
Scissors up to tlie Zenith Tailor hheHi'it; hiu'i.t.r felicurN und
OWn; HI*■■•■;*.-.. W« ittm'l ,v.*i_-
ly st!i> how anyone would want
tn" buy imywhoro but at Quails,
roaly wo don't. Plonso concur.
1    1
! >        1       ,
t   «.H*.,_*.
...■**.   j-.ii.    t *n*., _■.    _-u,_ it n,
it'll lm Quails'. Tho bost
place to buy Pockot Knives is
a linnhvui'c storo, and tho host,
linrdwnro store is Quails, lioneo
—'. Which monns when you
wnnl a piiclu'l knife wo wnnl
.von lo got it nt Quails', thoro
J. D.j Quail
Furniture Hardware
Mrs. L Todd's Sale
Coats   and  Skirts
drum's Prints and Dainty Goods for evening wear.
One dozen Ladies' Coats, colors Black, Brown, and Navy;
note the quality and fashionable shades  $5.00
One Dozen Ladies' Coats, Black, Brown and Navy; regular
$15 to $18, Saturday special $10.00
Cloth, Voile and Panama—Extra good quality at greatly reduced prices.
fl yards Crum's Prints, guaranteed not to fade; dark and
light shades  $1*00
6 Baby "Whito Bear Coats; regular $1.75 aud $2.00, Saturday
special $1.25
(i Baby "Bear" Conts; regular $2.00 and $3.00, Saturday special  .$1,50 and $1.75
12 Ladies' Hats, stylish, special  ■*. $-3.00,
12 Ladies Hats, ready to wear  $3.75
12 Misses' Hats, ready to wear  $3.75
12 ends Veiling, Va-yard lengths, in fashionable hues 35o
See Window Display
TO MOT—Four*rooraod Iiouho Victoria avenue; ronl, Including water,
$10.50.  Apply J. J. I.iWhoa, Uox 120.
.UHNIBIIBD-noqMS,, to\ lot In
modorn bouso, situato.! 01*.J Dalton
avonuo; bath, ho', vnti com wator, nntl
overy convenient*-**'. Apply "X" caro
Lodgor oflico, 16*._t-p
TO   T V*-       fl;    Ti    ■ . Tl.  •     .if'.il.    ,_',*
* *._-     *>,.._ .*.,.      _»l_V_....|     _>.tl.*W.«{. ».*> f       M_ik
nr nntl Hnnltntlnn, *17.Rft,     Apply, W
Minton, I.limay Avenue, Fornio Annox.
TO WONT or Hell, Ilouno and 2 ftd*
Joining lots In tlm Annox oxtbnslon,
ni,M„*ll»    X,   ■    1"       .        , I .      ...     ...
*. .«>   ,..-J...    .  ..,,»,.,_>_ j ,       .*V*'.j    *-*•*
promises or to T. Kynnston, Fornio
Hti-nm Laundry.
. roome; rent $10. Apply, P. O., Ilox
1010, Fornio.
WANTBD—Kltchon Girl for tho Hos-
pltal.    Apply, Fernie Hospital.
FOR, SALES—Throo-roomed, carpon-
tor-liullt bungalow, artistic desl-q-n,
and oxcnllont finish, l-Mantered and
kahiomlnod Innldo, painted on out-
mil.,. JiOCuUou, /..oi'.-o-D-Jii *.oiiuc,
Vrlep. p.'.O. Apply W. P. Pr-nrann.
Lndftnr offlco. 10-3t
LOST—Uot.wocn   nicandoirs   utoro
nntl Prior Rtrnot, on Thurritlay, Nov.
FOU HALK-Oni'-fourtli aero lnnd;
two NldoH fnurod; WoHt Fornio; flOO
cash.   Apply "J>" Ltidgor Offlco.
ITOUflKUOLl)    offocts   for   nnlo.
Apply H.   <;.   Lorliuoi*, num* Tilitix*
Wood  hI/iIjIuh, ]fl.3t
TO LKT-Two front rooms, partly
furnlBti-'ii; ulumtt-a on Dalton avenue.
Apply "C" euro LedKi-r offlco.    1«-_U
\VASTFAi   A ^urtttinT-lil.    aiau    a
kooiI cook; nxcfiiont wngos,     Apply
MrB. It. \V. Wood,
red cross oontor nttnehod. Finder
will tie miltnbly rowardod on prostint-
I iik tlio fob at tho polico station, lli-tf
Hoy, 14 yoarH of ago, honest nnd
Industrious nooks omploymont, David
Tlinrrifnn, OM 1lo.rront.lon Rroimd, f-nd
FOn HAM-.—,\ 7'\llfioii Com T'linno-
Kinpli iiiiiI 70 records nil as nood its
now; f-io or tho nearest offer, Apply by Ibixvr lo William ForaliAW, P.O.
Fornio. 17—31
FOR SALi: or to Kent, n two-room-
ml pluMe 11;.1 llmiHD, Will at-c-_.pl rua*
sonablo offer. II. Wright, Wont
Fernio. i7-6t
""pHE most vital improvement in Fit-Reform Suits
this season is—the splendid shoulder effects.
^^E have created the most becoming models that
have ever been shown—natural, well rounded
shoulders — neither exaggerated in breadth nor
skimped in faddish fashion,
pIT-REFORM caters to real mien who demand
good tabic as well as good style*
l^E show above the Fit-
Reform Double Breasted
Sack Suit — made chieHy in
Scotch Tweeds — ranging in
price from
$18. to $25*        120
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie
■ ■'!';


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