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The District Ledger 1910-12-31

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 Industrial Unity is Strength
I  /■
■   -\
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U.- M. W. of A.
Political Unity ia Victory
; VOL. VI.   NO. 22
$1.00 A, YEAR
Bellevue Investigation to
Re-Open on Tuesday
7 of Next Week
A ■ conference was held on,Friday
, „ '■ afternoon, Dec. 23, at the'government
■ -   -   !-' ment offices between Premier Sifton
• and Attorney-General Mitchell, and re-
* presentatlves bf the miner**., and opera-
■   tors  regarding  an investigation into
tho recent mining disaster,at Belle
-**vue. ;     . •,'■-,
y*        " There- were present    besides    the
members of the government Clement
7 'Stubb*** and A. J. Carter of the Miners'
union, O'Brien, M.P.P., H. A Mackie",
- barrister, and Crown Prosecutor Camp-
I ' 7   bell.   ■ 0. M. Biggar, representing the
, '.' -  '. operators, was unable to be present.
It was decided that ..u.~new jury be
,.'    empanelled and the premier .expressed
* -  „    neither dependent on operators or "min-_
* ers',, should be secured, ■ even, if .they
were taken from the Crow's Nest or
some other uinlng district;*
--The premier would not commit him-
.    self; as to his future action after the
, *■    veridct. of the jury was brought in,
' but he indicated that if the coroner's
' ■    ' Jury- wero not satisfactory inestablish-
.. ,        ing the cause of the two recent ex-
7',   plosions,  then  further    investigation
■' •   would be made.   He stated emphati-
l*,-v "'*- r '  cally, however, that he would uot allow
•. ,* ,. this mine to be open until it had been
','."'; '' proved' to be free from other than or:
« "-,-■ dinary dangers. -* *'
.:"''"',.,'-" In pointing out that.it would not be
spite of the fact that a'severe strain
was put upon the nervous system in
undertaking operations of that sort,
the encumbrance of the apparatus multiplied many fold* the exertions, to be
encountered.'-' Another point not to
be lost sight of was that when facing
danger the national characterictics of
their race spurred forward the rescue
party. * Miners and mining engineers
in the past, like; alL true Britishers,
had 'never shrunk from throwing their
efforts forward, even though it might
cost them their lives, in the hope of
save a comrade. Unlike-the human
being who wore lt,J'the apparatus'.was
mechanical,-and had limitations which
must be- emphatically understood,
otherwise, certain death .was the only
reward for a too energetic and persistent explorer. Much good would no
doubt result from the ca'refu} use of
those instruments ih, the hands of
highly-trained men, but death and disappointment would be the outcome if
these points were not seriously realized—Science and Art of Mining.
,   b
proper to appofntTa comniission'*of,tin^
7 .vestigation.as asked.for before the in-
' ".quest, Mr. Sifton explained that the
coroner's-jury was part of tho criminal
-»- law, and to supersede-it by,another,
• method - of '-inquiry, would bo interfeiv
Ing."with tho functions It was given
under the original code;       - •'* , ,-'.*'
.7-  Attorney General Mitchell took tlio
- same vlow'and informed the deputation
.-/ that he,.would also' instruct the Crown
* 'attorney-to discharge the old jury
"  and Boloct another ot tho nature,out-
- -..nel       ' ■    7     -    ,
'" A.. J. Carter, secretary-treasurer ot
'   Local No. 18 of'the U.M.W. or A. and
* "Mr. Stubbs, expressed disappointment
thatjhoy had been unable to Induce
tho ".minister of public works (Premier
Sifton)'tb appoint a commission.of ln-
* vestigntlon' undor section 49 of tho
coiil mines act. Tho promlor'informed
tho delegation thnt ho could on no account tako, such action until tho jury
had rendered Its vordlct.
A short timo ago some remarks were
made in our.columns1 respecting the
shortcomings'of a certain class of the
male progenitor, and attention was
called to the fact that he is often in
the habit of spending more in the satisfaction of his own insatiable thirst
and vicious habits, than' would be required to ensure certain advantages
and pleasures to the little ones. Apropos of this, we reproduce the following.       '     .
In cold bare room, on small *white bed,
Christ's "little one" lay sleeping;
The- pinched. white' face showed ,lack
of bread,  .
- The eyes; showed trace of weeping.
But now a dream-smile lit that face,
"   Qod's hand her soul was rocking,
Said  she:   "The Lord..,Christ knows
3> 7 pur place • '*
*' And I've.hung.up my* stocking."
'. To prove'the night's grand story;    ,.
To drink from dreamland's" splendid
,*,    •■     cup.-'- '.',',.
She turned-to where Christ's birthday
■ - *   light': ' ■    y    .
■ On window pane was knocking,
'And .saw—not. vision', of. the; night,
"'"B'tit'a'rajgged.'-eni'ptlr-stocking. ;'
, - 1,1    '-,''., -* -
Her, face she burled in her'bed.
Her heart was-broke with weeping.
"Why did I ever wake," she .said;   .
, .'"Twas better always" sleeping.
There ls.no Christ!" There is no God!
.There's naught but'.llttlo mocking;
•  Tho sweets, of Christmas glory.
The poor know; but a blood stalned'rod
And an,empty stocking."   y
" r .   '   ,.'',,''   ' ■ "*',.'
Oh,,,brothers! hear, that bitter cry, .,
'Twill rlso on Christmas morning.
To echo back from Throno most high,
In solemn, awful warning.
Oh! stand not Idlo on life's way,.
, No gate of groed unlocking;
But work and pray for that glad day
That knows no empty stocking.
In a locturo boforo tho Birmingham
and Midland Institute Scientific Society, Professor   Cadman roforro'd  to
"tho oxperlmonls   at   tho University
mino, and said thoro was a dlfforenco
of opinion as to which was tho host
apparatus of a number on tho mnrkot.
Indoort thoro was a dlfforonco of opinion an to how mino vobcuc apparatus
could most offlclontly bo Introduced
In practice.    To Uioho points tho coal
.ownorR of tho Midlands tuvnod thoir
'attention wlion thoy nominated a commltteo nf oxporloncod colliery managers to Invest Ignto tho suhjoct.     Although bo was unnlilo to stnto tho
views of tlio commlttoo, ho could dos*
crlbo how tho oxporlmonts had boon
conducted.    A number   of   dlfforont
mnkoH of nppnrntus woro obtained,
nnd tests nrrnngod lo rosomblo conditions which would nr.tunllyi occur In
prnctlco.    Kncli mombor of'tho com*
mlttoo thon woro onch nppnrntus nnd
porformod work Identical   with , what
might bo roqulrod to bo dono nflor nn
ncrlrtnnl. In this wny a thorough know,
leilgo hnd hoon obtnlnod of onch np*
pnrntiic    HohIiIoh ihhgo IohIs n moro
scientific  Investigation  of  onch  apparatus.,    rtcHldoH Hioho toslH n moro
In nny wny discussing llio merits or
domorllfi of any typo of npimnilus, ho
could sny tlmt tho experiments hnd
hoon tho monns nf touching thom   a
good donl upon tlio snbjiirt of mlno
roju-Ho work.  He thoiiR.it Iin wns jnstl-
flod In giving t\ word of warning, for
ho fonrod tho public hnd run nwny
.."7 D ;   .*!-*"*     iittXvliirr fcn-m thr* wnv
Wo nro not moro hitman than other
indlvldunls, nlso wo, havo tho falling!,
of tho solflsh mnn In gonoral; but, if
thoro Is a mnn ln tho Pernio district
to-day who has for Instance, by pandering to IiIh own Bolflsh pleasures,
doprlved tho youngstors of that wltlc-h
Christmns calls for—who has loft ono
empty stocking, thon—! Well, wo
would llko to Introduce him to our
fighting editor, that's all!
Zakon tikajuci sa Vibuchu v "Bellevue
Fondu" ustaleny skros Bellevue Local 431 U.M.W_ of A. na ich riadnej
schodzi    ovbivamej   ,v    Bellevue
dna 18 ho Decembra, 1910.
1. Fond bude znaml pod inemon
Bellevue Explosion podporujuci Fond
v Setkle peniaze sobrane abo oferovani
na tento Fond budu ulozenie na credit
a v mene, toho Fondu v Union Banku
s Canada vo Frank, Alberta.
2. Vsetkie peniaze .patrace tomuto
fondu budu rosdelenie podia zakona*
danieho cily ubozenieho 'skros Local
Union-431, U.M.W. of A. a predztav-
enich s districtu018 na potredu a poz-
dvizenia nestasnich pokrevnich tieh
5vo -boli stfatenl vtom vibuchu a na
obranenia tich 6vo sa sisly s nestestim
dna 9ho Decembra 1910.
.3. Ziadne peniaze -nebudu* vidanie
stohoto fondu iba* v te_i ked vibor
nato ustaleni po visluchu s presveceni
v kasbom.pade kde pozadavek o pod-
poru bude dani.
* 4V Vsetkie peniaze pre-podpevu budu
vidavanie ,skros cheque poinaconie
a vikazajiic ■ na hore udaui Fond a
podplsan_e7*-kros .laraaceho Predsedu
a Sekretarn :i jodnoho diatrinncho pre-
dstavenieho 'vtuu Cas ked cely vit-or
ktomu povoly.
5. Do dna 15 Januara 1911 wsetkie
hlasenla na podporu budu pretrasanie
skros vibor.
6. Po hore udanom dni cheque sto-
holo fondu budu virobenie tim ktorim
prisluchaju na podpru a budu vddanie
deii pred, viplapov v Bellevue kasdi
mesac. .   -
7. Po dni 14 torn Januara 1911 fond
nia bit ros.deleni podia stanov ktorie
a distriktich predstavenich kolko komu
pride. - - . . - - •
7 8. Cely report ,v Setklch - hlasacieh'
a sum! viplatena stoholo fondu bude
dana kasdy mesac ski-o's', .vibor do
Local Union'na pryu. riadnu schodzu
ktora bude iiiasleduvat'dtfii rpal'viplaton-t f
a ktory vikas budevitlacenl v stlpcocoh
Casopisu District Ledger a- inich; cas-
opisoch . ktorie btrorily. kolekta na
tenlo fond. „ -,-"
. 9. Vesetkle mllodary pre.temto fond
maju' bit poslanle prosto, na Unlbn
Bank of Canada, Frank, Alberta, abo
James Burke, Sekretaronj s Local
Union 431 .U.M.W of A. y Bellevue, Alberta, abo A. J. Carter, sek, Tros. District 18 U.M.W. of A., Fernie, B. C.
Vsetkie mllodary maju.blt cistooznac-
enle no jaki ciel,su danlo.y    v    ','
10. Tloto zakonu cily sta'novy mozu
hit opravonio na chot ktorom-mlmo-
rladnom zasedany s Local 431 ktory by
bol. svolamy protu prlclmi na ktory
oznam ma bit dany sedem dnl prod
udom stoho Local Spovorelulu.na opra-
vonla od Distrlktnloho Statncho vlboni
Domacy Sokretar ma upovedomil Dis-
trlknloho Sokretara najmenoj 5 dnl
prod shodzov.
Rules to Apply to the Bellevue Explosion  Relief  Fund, Adopted     by
..Bellevue Local No. .431, U. M. W.
of A., at a Regular Meeting of that
Bcdy Held'at Bellevue on the 18th
Day  of  December, 1910.  •
1. The Fund shall he known as the
Bellevue Explosion Relief Fund, and
all monies collected or donated for
this fund shall be placed to the credit
and in the name ot such fund with
tho Union Bank of Canada, at Frank,
Alta.      ' 7 -
2. All monies belonging to this
fund shall * be disbursed ln accordance with rules laid "down to govern
by Local Union No. 431, U.-.M. W. of A.
and the officers-of District No. 18,
for the purpose of eleviating* distress
qf relatives of those who were lost In
the disaster, and of relieving those
who met .with* accidents on the 9th
day of December, 1910.      ' .
3. No monies shall be issued. from
this fund except with, the full consent
of the committee appointed to investigate all cases where aplication for relief is made.
> 4. All sums of money for relief shall
be issued by cheque', clearly marked
as being drawn' upon the above fund,
and signed-by the Local President and
Secretary, .and one District Officer,
and the authority of' the full committee.     * -   *        * .-       , . i ,
5. .Prior to the, 15th day of January,
1911,. all applications for relief .shall
be dealt with at the discretion of the
committee. - ,-.        7'   * ."
,* 6. After the.^above-named date cheques on this fund shall only be issued
monthly, and shall be llssued- to those
who "arc entitled to relief,on the day
Modo In cui verra adoperato II dan-
aro   del   soccorso   per   I'Esplosione
adoperato della  Locale di  Bellevue
No. 431,,U. M. W. of A. in una Hun-
lone regolare avuto luogo In Bellevue il giorno 18 Decembre, '910...
lo. II fondo dovra essere nominalo
come' segue "BELLEVUE FONDO DI
tutti   la   monet'a* collettato   o   pure
donato   per   questo   fondo   dovra essere   posto   in   crcdito   dello stesso
nome nel Union Bank    of    Canada,
Frank, Alberta.
2do. Tutti la moneta che appartiene
a questo fondo dovra essere dlsborsato
in accordo del' regolamentl che vieno
governato da questo locale No. 431,
U.M.W. of A., Distretto 18, in mani-
ere di elivaro il bisogno dei dipen-
dentl piu slretti di quell! che fu per-
duti nel disastro ed aiutare quelll.che
incondro l'accidente nel 9 Decembre,
■ 3a. La moneta non verra distribulto
da' questo. fondo accetuo con* il consen-
to, del commitato eletto per investi-
gare tutti gli cosi dove gli applica->
'zione per soccorso vengano fatti.
4a. Tutti summi per il soccorso dovra essere rilosciali in Cambiole di
Banea che' verra riscuotate nel nome
del.suddetto fondo e verra signato dal
Presidente del Locale e il Segretario
ed un ufficiale del distretto con l'au-
torita  del  commitato  indiero.
aa.'Primo del 15 Gennalo, 1911, tutti
le applicazione per il soccorso dovra
essere fatte in * discrezione v del commitato. _      ',
*6a. Dopo ia suddetta^ data tutti gli
cambiole di questo, fondo verra accor-
dato mensualmente e sara accordato
sole , a quell! che verra intitolate. il
soccorso il giorno primo la paga della
Tickets sold at box office, 202
at 25c. each     $50.50
D. Markland.had 25 ret'd   0       6.25
Hy.   Martin   had   43 ret'd   3
Wm. Griffiths, had 12 ret'd 10
T.'H. Wray... had 50 ret'd   3
Jno.' E. Smith, had 50 ret'd 32.,
A. J. Carter., had 25 ret'd 13
David  Rees,  had    8 ret'd   0
Thos. Uphill, had 25 ret'd 13
S. Ilutcheon,,. hnd 12 ret'd 12
David Paton, had 50 ret'd 31
Wm. Hughes, had 50 ret'd 45
Donation I-I. Mlard, per J. E.
Films and expenses  .. $11.30
Ticket seller       .75
Doorkeeper 50
Theatre manager    3.50
Dodgers        2.00
Newspaper advt. ......    1.50
Tickets        4.50
Total cash received  $68.20
Cash outstanding  _    $7.25
. DAVID REES, Secretary.
Previously reported  $469.50
Interest    (Home Bank,    from
May lst to Nov. 30th ...-...'    7.00
Conl which wns Am*W- wlillo oxca*.
vntlntf, Is 'wjinfr tiaed.to flro lho on-
glnos ongnged on -Qon-__tn.ot.ton worlc
on tho Btrathcomi ond of tlio Canadian
V.to'flo hIMl-lovol hi'hWo.
"Tlio first, enso of ihls tint uro thnl
I hnvo ovor run ncroit,' Bnld .lohn
Cunn, tho votoran Ih-Who contrndor,
lu rtlfiouBBln***; Iho mattor with trlondu,
"Thoro Ih n rogulnr coal mlno nl thnt
point nnd onough fuol Is avnllahlo to
nupply lho half of Edmouiou I'.ir oror,
I Iwl.evo'
Two rich sonms of conl hnvo boon
Bl.Mirk. Tho first w.wi encountered
vi*-*.**!! tho workmen hnd readied n
pr,i).t scnrcnly 20 font liolow tho surfaco Tho hoiiiu nt this point, is samo
12 font In thickness nnd niMinrcnily
mnn to n grantor doplh dlinc.liv undor
tho city of f-Urnthronn, Another nonni
wmi discovered hononlh lh.) ursi, and
nt ii dopHi of -to foot, tlio men ir.-o
still dlg-Jtlng nut tho Huhntum-ps,
Sovoral of tho newspapers havo erroneously stated that tho minors' ro-
prosontatlvoB woro satisfied with tho
rosult of thoir Intorvlow with tho
govornment officials. - .-,'.,
, 7. After .the 15th day ofit'January;
1911,. the funds shall be disbursed
in accordance with rules that shall' be
laid down by the Local Union and District Officers on pro ratio.basis. ..
•'8. .-A .full ■ report pt- all/ applications
this fund 'shall be made, every" month
by the committee to. the Local Union
at tho first regular "meeting following
tho day on which disbursements are
made, and. such reports shall bo published in,the "District Ledger" and
such other,papers as have opened
their columns'for. the collection of this
fund.' '.."•■
9. All donations for the purpose of
this fund to be forwarded direct to tho
Union Bank of Canada, at Frank. Alta,
or to James Burke; Secretary Local
Union No. 431, U. M. W. of A., at
Bollovuo, Alta,,-or "-to A-, J. - Carter,
Secretary Treasurer,' iDIstrlct No. 18,
XT. M. W. of A., Fornie, B. C. All donations should bo clearly marked for
tho purpose for which thoy aro Intended.
10. These rules may bo abrogated or
amondod at nny spoclal meeting of
Local No. 431. .lllod for that purposo,
and of which j_*.*'pi* dnys" r*otlco has
boon glvon to' tho:'-.members of thnt
Locnl, subject always* to .'ratification
by tho District Executive'1 Board. Tho
Locnl Socrotnry '•hall notify tho District. Secretary <•' the cr-JHng of such
special mooting at' lonst flvo days
prior lo the holding ot smh, mooting,
_* :—=Ll	
Total    .-...$476.50
Dr. D. Corsan,
; J. W. Bennett,
District Officers Always
on the Job-Good
Feeling Prevails
Cost of Living Increased 41 per cent,
"< While Wages Advanced _■
22  per Cent
" 7a. Dopo.irgiorno" 14, Gennnlo, 1911,
il fondo verra'dlsborsato in accordance
dei' regolamentl che verra,,postl da
questo locale e ufficiale dei distretto
in cose dirazlone. ""° .77 '7
*-i.;SaV'.;UH*.V'pl^9;.rapporto.-di tutti gll
applicazione'Vicevutl e amhionde dlsborsato da questo fondo dovrd essere
fatto mensualmente, dal commitato nel
Uriione Locale nel prima rluniono' regolare eslguire la data che fu fatto 11
di^bornamentoe il suddetto rnpporto
dove essere., piibblicato nel District
Ledger ed altri giornale cho hanno
aperto colonno In favoro di questo fondo.        -     -     '
9a. Tutti donaziono In favors dl
questo fondo dl essere dlretto nl
Unlone Bank of Canada, Frank, Albo.
ta, opuro ul Sig. J. Burke, Segretario
del' Unlono Localo, 431., dl Bollovue,
Alberta, o puro a .... A. J. Carter,
Sog,-Tes„ del-dlstrotto 18, U.M.W. ot
A.. Fornie, B.C., tutti gll donnzloni dovra essere chlaramento dlscrltto In cho
modo dovra essoro appllcnto.
lOn. QuoBtl regolamentl potra ess-
ore rlmontnto in quoluiiguo rluniono
spoclalo dol Localo No. 431, chlamnto
por dlscutoro 11 suddetto dol quale cl
o-dnto 7 giorni dl nnliclpnzlono nttl-
ttl gll mombrl dl quostn Localo som*
pro soggetto dl ratlflcnzlone del mombrl osocutlvo del dlstrotto 11 Sog, dol
Locnlo dovra nvvistiro 11 *Seg,-To8. dol
dlstrotto ulmono 5 giornl nntlclpato
dolln clilamatc dolln rluniono speciale,
." According to tho annual report of
the bureau of labor and industries, the
cost of living, so far as food stuffs are
concerned, lias increased 40s96-100 per
cent in .the, last twelve years: Dur-
A Hnppy Christmas nnd *l^BI>-?r;
ous Now Yenr to ovorytloUvV'-s8*****.'*.',
Thnnks, W, A. Ingram tor tho cvl-
donees ot kindly romomhrnnco,*    ,
"District  Ledger"  Staff.':
'Will ynu movo lho l.rldi;o nnd turn
In which mipstlmii.  hnd boon itHkod In |Hit proporty into a mnoi" .Mt, tunui
thn IIoiiho of (,'oininoim on thu hiil-jua,
nnd from nrilck-H ptihlli-hifd lu thu
Press, thnt nil that wn* roqulrod wan
to provide ii|i|inrntUH nnd to trnln tho
mem to worn* ll, nnd thoy couM thon
.- ixv, .,«...!..«, "J- ) "' j;**.''"'•'•'", »n(t>f-° ntul
bring out nllvo, with littlo dlffliulty,
tho victims who might nr»t lmvo fnllon
undor thoso cntflslrophofl. If mich
woro tho Idon In tho public mind, tho
soonnr tlmy ronllnod tlmt hiieh a ttlor-
lous prcilU'llon wns unronMonnhlo nnd
until'.-0!.' '" ooror, 1bo hrtlor. A jtood
mnny vnlunblo live* woro still to follow
tho-*-*** of WoM-y nnd olhors who lost
thflr llvrs In .iiToJ.-nHy i*nd#*nvorlnn to
plonror tlmt tioblo work, wiiIm* n vory
n-iuh moro nt-rhm* \Ww wnn tfikrn nt
mln-f roscviK work. A Front donl r»
nmliii'd to ho dono In porfroihiR tho
nppiirnniiS, nnd :« »i-oa1 -^-Mom-Mlo. rl*
KUl, l-vA <--**inffn»*»f frnlnlntr tunui lift
glvlifl to only tliuM* \,hym\ially fitted to
undor ttilt.  tlio nrdiioim work; for In
Accompnuylng his choquo for ono
Immlrod dollnrs to tho Bollovuo Rollof
Fund,. Mr. C, P, IIIH .flnys--"PlenBo
convoy to nil concomod my most,
honrt-folt sympnthy, nnd I hopo thnt,
Iho Now Yonr may bring onoiigli joys
to in a monsuro off-Rot. somo of lho
torrlblo pnln cauBod by tho snd ace!
For tho fnmlly of Frod'Alcorton, who
108(.,1iIr lifo whilo onguKot, In roseuo
Worlt; In tlio Into Bol1evu«i Mlno <1Ih-
ttB.0 .7..    - " '   ,*'j        ).
Pojlook 'Vino Co V_. V 10.00
TrltO" w*t.ml Co ''.I...' 10,00
0.' ii".. Tl-ftdjnff Co.  ,.;, i,'.,-,,    10,00
J. I), lunll,.    10.00
Forhlo lfMt Snolo nry,t.'o,,.   10,00
N,  H, ipludilnhy, 	
Croo nnd'MoKMt    ,'..
H, Duthlo ',, , -.,
L. Carosollfi,, »*•••'..
L. ii. MoPontM   I.
W. Cnn. Wholo^PloCo ...',.,
A,  McDougnll  ,';. {,,,
KcltBloln aiul*McT»BK'*r.V ..
J. Podbolclncllc
J. II, Lawry ..,
Vipll, pihf.u-i*
''"No." wan tho roply: "hu**. I bollovo
ns n mining propnfiltlon tho h'do would
pi v
'Thorn Ih not only ronl nt this point
nn tho Hamkntoliownn rivor; thoro Is
nlso {.old,
"I nm not pnylng my mon In tho
gold Hint mhtht ho wn-shed out of tho
..rnvol down nt tho bridge," snld Mr.
(limn, "I bollovo, though, thnt right
In tlm rivor horo. thoro Is enough Rold
to pny moro mon thnn I hnvo -nmploy-
cd on tho ltrld._o ..huuiii-.iiit., Thu
grnvol fnlrly glUtons In tho minllght,
hut, .»h U vt-.ll kuuwu, nuuWiilduiwau
rivor gold In Imtil io work, 801110
dny mon will mnko Tortunos 'pnn*
nhiK tho Hnskatchownn (.rnroU.
WAN'TKI) — Kvporlon-r-rxl tllrl for
Konornl liotifcowork'. ono who mnlor-*
stnndH rooktrm il*«i.r-*<_, A|ifilv, Mf».
A. 1«. Trllos, llo-Alnnd Avo. 22-_t
Whon tho curtnln wont up nt tho
Ornnd Thontro on "luoRdny night n
Iiouho greeted the compnny Hint wns
grntlfylng to them nnd lo lho mnnngo-
ment, uh lt wuh packed from lho lovol
of tho footlights to n short, distance
IIOIII  lliu UUII*,-.',       it   ».in ..  .-_/,,..    '.„  ..
rt .ir n:\ lnmr nn Dw rurtnln wno up*, \Xw
quips, puns, Jnkos, Jokolnts, ropnrtoo
followed onch othor In hucIi rnpld firing Htioc-oHHlon thnt. wo nro compollcil
to ndmlt that our usunl muntnl culm
wits Hitdly out, of plum. Tlio t-horimon
wero Tiiiir'KoU .*>* mmicii> 'aim mii,^iM-
HnoKs of nctlon thnt captivated, tho
costuming wn« boyond cavil, Ous W'oln
berg, ns 1'otor Rtuyvosnrt playod his
pnrt woll, nnd hnd nn oxcellont m\t-
portor ln Doodles (Conloy), nnd thnt
tlio Inttor Is 11 prlmo favorite wllh
Komii- ..iiilW-m-.-.., tho lund aj.pl.iu'v
which greeted his entry gavo ample
(iiuof. TIiu whole troupe pt-rf-*,rni-n'l
tliolr sovcnil prulH crediluhly, swi] wo
doubt If nny ntlondod who fiilh-d to
luno ti fltht-rnic o-.t'iiiiig's <_*_.tt*ii--lii-
tKrom  DlHtrlcl   Lodgor. B. .it.  P.t-1.
DDd:    "Nolo—Tho Ihirgorna^.-r v.iii -
»t|i|>t»r al llm X'.i,,x,i\ ili_-..l.t- \\\\h.x.„ '.
dny. Jnn, I. 1DH.") 1
A. C. Llphnrdt
W. A. Hohh  ..
.1.   Aicllo   ....
,1, L* (Salon ,..,
A. Hl/zutn ,..,
/- <■.. t   -
n. 00
it. on
1. uu
Ton drop-lottor boxos will ho Inst allod by lho Now Yonr, four lu tho
Annox, ono In WohI. Pernio, nnd flvo
around town, .InmoH Wnllnco and K,
IT. McKwan hnvo tho contrnct for collect Ing,
domo to tho BnptlHt Church noxt.
Mondny ut 7.30 P.m. nnd hoo Snntn
CIiiuh, tho BrnwnloH, John Bull,
Johnny Canuck, his brldo, nnd frlendH.
On TliurHilny I'roHldont l'owoll nnd
f'lms. Onrnor, Inlornnllnnnl Bonrd
Mombor. vlnllod Tnhnr, Alln,, with 11
vlow to "mnklng ngi'oomonlH with tlio
novornl mlnos In tho lnonllly. Tlmy
report having mndo 11 now agreement
nt tho Now HnrnoH MIiioh nt l.oth-
brlilgo.   „
.1. L. Mclnlyro   1.00
V, Cl. Armstrong  1.00
x.it)   rn«  i.(ii,uu-.i     17"'"
"ri.iij.ii-ymni."  n.nol
Total    $121.no j
HiiliHorlptlonR to this fund rocolvod 1
Tho J{ollor (.ommtttoo nt Ilollovuo
Iui)- mndo dlHbui'Homoiitn iiinnunllng in
$100 for tlio Immodlnto noodH of tho
Hiifforoi-H, nmintlnns tn UiIh fund
nro gront ly noudoil—"Who kIvch
n«ti.1r1>'  r»lvo*j   iwn.folrl '
of, factory" and workshop employes
have advanced 22.2-per cent, showing
that food supplies are 18.7 per cent in
excess of'the advance in wage's of the
working man. This conclusion is
reached ..on the, basis of. selected articles', of food.
-'-Tho report says that,as a-matter of
common knowledge houso' rent and
practically everything in'the nature of
family and Individual requirements
have gono up at a ratio equivalent to
that shown in tho price of food,, Tho
building trades employes, according
to tho report,,aro practically tho only
workmen who have succeeded iu keeping thoir earnings almost on a • par
with th'o increased cost of living.*
There Is "a noto of oncouragement
in the roport, howovor, ln tho statomont that during tho last year thero
has" boon a slight fnlllng off in tho
prlco of foodstuffs.as compared with
1900. During tho latter yoar tho
nvorngo cost of a selected bill of
staples wns $13,796, while in 1910 a
similar bill cost $13,143, or a decroaso
nf 4.8 por cent,
WorBO in Larger Cities
It Is In tho larger cities and their
suburbs Hint Hie I rond of increnso Is
goiioi'iily noticed, whilo tho smaller
communities whoro thoro Is leas competition, nnd 1o which nil goods with
the exception of fnrm goods must bo
transported from dlstnnt. wholosnlo
ninrkols, shows tho lowest prices. The
hnronu accounts for ths difforonco by
tho fnct thnt tlio country stores pay
low rents, oxpoiiHoB of delivering and
lowor wngos to employes, Anothor
ronson ndvnnrod by tho bureau for
thlH dlfforonco between thc prices of
food Htuffs In town nnd. country Ih
thnt country hIoi-oh hnndlu ninny other
linos of gonilH, tlio profit on which help
to dofrny fixed ohnrgos. But what
lho bureau 'rognrds ns Htlll moro lm*
porlnnt fnctor in Hint lho country
HtoroH UHiinly do IiiihIiiohh on ti wish
IuihIh ntul nrn not obliged to recoup
for Iobhi-h tlii'OUi.li uiionlloolIblo dobU.
CoiiHldoiubli. .comment Ih mndo In
tho roport 011 lho lucroiiHcd cont of
mont. Among othor IhltigH, il t-myn.
Price of Dncon Increased 107 P. C.
"Tho ndvnnco In tho lirloo of iiioiuh
during tlio iwolvo yimiH covorod by
lho ooinpiirlHon Ih vory miirlinil, hul
11111 f rocoi'doil for pork ptoductH nur*
jiah-icis :tll othor uiiictli"*-, Tlio pi-l'-o
of linoini linn lnc*rrn«o.l 107,11 por
cunt; thnl of shoiililor, !H..,7 pi<r ii-ul;
«nlt pork, K7.:'7 por cont; ham si.Oil
por cont, mul fiouli pot It, S0,:;(i per
Tlio   llli-l-f'liHO   in   (ho   price   of   lii-l-f,
, ulHiouKh niuch bolow pork, aro nlso
'   Twenty-third Day of December, 1910,
between  District 18 of the. United"
Mine  Workers'  of  America  of the '
first   part   and   New   Barnes   Coal
, Mine of the second part. °
Whereas       - •*
An agreement was entered into on **
the thirtieth day of June, 1909,.between' District-18, United Mine Work--
ers of America of tho first part and"
the Western Coal - Operators' Association of the second part, to continue
until March 31, 1911,'we have therefore mutually agreed to bo bound by
the same preambles and general conditions   of  said   agreement,   together
with' the  following  clauses:
1 Contract Mine Rates
(A) ' Pick mining.
Room coal, 50 cts. per car.
Entry's coal, 50 cts. per car.
Breakthroughs coal, 50 cts. per car
, Crosscuts coal, 50 cts. per car.
Pillar coal, 45 cts. per car.'*1 .
.(B), Yardage: -    •       .
Entry's.butt, $1.00 per lineal yard.
Entry's face, 50 cts. per lineal yard .
•" Breakthroughs,* $1.00  per   lineal  ■
yard     ■'      .,   .,.      *  '   ' . /'    -
Room necks, $5.00 to be widened
out to 18 feet wide.     "7   -
Room  i~-ecksVr.$4.00  to'be widened**
out to 15 feel wide.
(C)'* Car'Dockage: * ..   .     ,,' - <,
All cars to'be loaded level .full and
and to be of the samo. size as at ,
present.    Failing to do so the miner
shall be dealt with as follows.
u *r
, First offence: Warned.
-  -Second offence:" Fined 10 cwts.
Third' offence:   He-may bo discharged,' providing* lt occurs in tho
ono month.
(D)   Tracks:
All tracks to be laid by tno com-'*
(E)' Rock.dockage: , ,""    ,
All miners shall load their own
coal as froo from rock ns posslblo;
' falling to do so ho shall bo dealt
' with as follows: *" v.
First offence:  Warned,
Second offence: WarnCd.
'Third offence:   Ho ,may 'bo- dis-,
charged.-  *
(F)   Day Wngo Scalo:
Present conditions to prevail.
Signed  on bohnlf of Now Dnrncs
Coal  Mlno,
Sighed on bohnlf of-DlBtrlct 18, Unl-.
led Mlno Workers of Amorlcn,
I'roBldont Dis, 18 U.M.W., of A.
,    Dist. 18, U.M.W. of A.
Locnl Union Commlttoo
.101 IN  KOHSON.      ,
WltnoHs iih to nil HlgnnturoH,
MONDAY, 11  A.M.
un -.-*.'••
I IP.'    1 ,!t «P,P,PI  ,
ft,-  liv t-nu-o
Potor Vnlnrls, of UrooU nntlonnllty;
21 yonrs of ngo; dark complexion;
weight, about 1t*0 lbs; holght about 5
foot 8 IiicIioh; Iiihi hoard of at Itovol-
Htoko whoro oniplayoii olthor In mining or lumber e.-inip.
Will niiyoiio nblo to funit"! ' "--"'im-
Hnn nf lho nbovo dom-rll. illy
c'.iiiuiuiiiciilo with IiIh hn- 'IiiIh.
ViiIiii'Ik, Siihknloon, HiihIc.
hi roply lo cuiTofpiiixlitiH'e from
liiiMiu-r, wo woiild nny thnl owing In
n 1 iti-li of IiuhIiioss incldont to tho
ri,ii„iu-u-> I.iliiii:., llu* it-|-iirt frmii our
llo.'.mcr mi llu- x\ an in.-hod Ihroiigh
wiiliout iiiii- tiu\lm. iiullood tho cnin>
t 11 • ■ 11 f m refill ding lho dimco. Wo do
noli*, however, Unit 11 ty*.u..iu**hirul
error iK-iimroil In tipellliig "hrn-ii*" iih
"iinn-/i> " 'iVo Impo UiIh oxpliiniilloti
will  tie  mitlnfrtctory, niul    thnt     tlto
Any hidhidiiiil who wi-thoK to obtain
nt   the   Imperial   Bank   of   Canada,]joeulnr  doiuoiiHtrulloii   tlmt  the   nue
I the 1910 prlioM ipiotcd for cornoil tirl*.-'■ event mnv ho one m. tho mnni  pious-
I ket, coinorl  round, round  sionk  mid | unihlo during tlio coining yonr,
U'lmel; nniHl  (iiii -IU.,*;,'! pit  i-iuii,  1U..SS , _. w 	
Ffirnlf*, n,C.
Tl _ T-.H-.r--i nre In Frrnle
making the final count., .The.
ry.-ict r_ tijrmt nre not to hand
3D the count lo not com***',**-*'-**'!,
but it io safe to sny that
Powell and Stubba wiU hawe
a majority...A detailed r.port
of the ballot wilt be given
next week.
hiilolilo theory has not boon exempli
noil 111 pim-me in .m.. ,.ji)im ).»„,\- u*
tout ill this lncnllty cnn do so by
siniiilliig niitHldo Trltits-Wood Stoto on
Victoria Avo, nont Mondny morning
nt 11 o'clock, whon tho niiuunl trout
tn thn Juveniles will ho dispensed by
this well-known firm.
♦ '    .1. M. Mrf'loskoy, tho    mnn    from
♦ t'llOl'lilX    \V||()   llllll   llll*   llliMllllllllie   tit
♦ ^oso limit oyos ut I'hoonlx In 1902, is
♦ In Dw tby hf-lllng n publication, "Tho
♦, .Vow Doiwnin," nt wlil.1i ho I* tho iiu-
iiKir.     Tho hriM-htiM-. <■_! pngo*, rnn
per cent, 'M.'il per cent and III..ill per 1
conl   higher  lospocllvoly   llinn     ihey
WOIO    111    l--',"*,. Mil II    « HUH I-    I inr.    .p,p 11.,.1.1   ...r.'..      -'■■'•'-   ' - ■      •      '   '■
Kir loin HtoukH nud rib roiiHl hnvo only j Meihodli't Church New Year's Kvo.
mlvjiti. <••! 'MM per coin nml U'M per, Tbo pniKiant will «»i^lHt of a sikIuI
• out rohpei-iholy, I,eg of mutton and *oitioii...iimi.*ul of i*.;uiii-h nml lofrosh*
liroiisl nf miiltoii show jispocllvo In- J nioiiui lio'Jn ii."0 to 11 o'clock, At
oronsos <if 11.!!S per cont nnd -10.1.. Ml o'clmk the -.eivlro will begin and
per rein." JiJosp ns Hie old je.-.r glvoK plnco to
,'!*'  t'<"--*        i:> 1 >■• i|o<ij* it-..I. nriii»
^VHO WILL DE THE 1    Thero will li** sj.orlal Now Yo.tr t-or-
LUCKY  riVC   ONF*-**   i)"--, -H di.-. Mi*\l„„iM ("hiiuh 011 V«iiii-
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•<►♦♦ ^*» ♦•**«►
Tho o\M-t-i|iiii.*il offer fimfnlnoil In
Uio Siioil.il S,i!<- nl tlii- (', N, Ti.i.llii.;
(,»itiipilti,i  .'.e.'.'I 1 .-iiipo.il forcllil*. to llio
•..I-,--, ■-•».<* .tent Kw.i1 Mr Toflof-llfin mul 1 ri.reful Itnv.-r.     We s-hiill pul>lh*h the
\i -.wll worth tli»iiurnh"it Mini risked—| nutnerf of ti,.* mcky Ux,- in our iu-\i
J*.   1 (-tif.", ln*lie.
day tjinii,l)ig nnd o;(n|jig.
CORQIN    NOTES    Itr-ceiv^l
ton l.ile fur imlilU-.itluu-
Iioi.si: r«ij: ham:- n.i.ip; at An-
'" ,  ■ ,'    »,*,n r,i ' 'I". If v*.
Indianapolis,  Ind.,  Dec.  12,  1910.
To the Officers and Members of the Local Unions,
.United Mine Workers' of America:
Brothers and Fellow Workers—
We have had a few inquiries in regard to why the place of holding
our annual convention was changed from St. Louis .o Columbus, Ohio.
We endeavored to secure a meeting place hi St. Louis and failed, and
when we were convinced, by Secertary Perry and myself making a per-
, sonal investigation, that we could get no hall to accommodate our convention, I sent tbe following communication to the members of the In-
.ternational Executive, Board: 0
'   "Indianapolis,  Ind.,  Nov. i, 1910.
, "Mr. ■ '
"Member   International' Executive Board:
"Dear Sir and Brother—It -now seems more than probable that we
will not be able to hod bin* annual convention at St. Louis, Mo., in
"" January. 1911, cm account of thero being no hall to accommodate our
convention. i
"Realizing that this matter cannot be left until .the last moment, I
am writing to inquire if you have any choice for the convention, city
.'    in the event that it is impossible to go to St. Louis, Mo.
"According to the minutes of the last annual convention, the vote
nn the selection of the convention city, first ballot was St. Louis 252
votes, Columbus 223 votes, Indianapolis 212 votes.
On the second ballot, St. Louis 387 votes and Columbus 284 votes.
"Tlie choice it seems would be Columbus or Indianapolis. Please
return your choice by return mail.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) T. L. LEWIS, President."
The majority of the members of the International Executive Board
voted in favor of having the annual convention held at Columbus, Ohio,
and gave as reasons that Columbus was" the second choice of • the delegate's to the annual convention.        ' , ,
Further comment is unnecessary, and this statement is published in the
Journal for*the information of our members,
I Letters To
* ■   t
■ *
* The Editor *
* *
Yours very truly,
T.  L.   LEWIS,
By John N. Landberg.
At no time in the world's history did
property reign as supremely and effectively as it does at the present
time. And, in view of the fact that.few
individuals have possessed themselves
of any tangible physical property,
it logically follows that the great mass
of propertyless rpeope are governed today by laws framed by and for the
benefit' of the rich-, property holders,
which laws,are positively inimical to
the interests of the workers in that,
, while they uphold, the modern property
state by sanctioning the most stupen-,
dous form of plundering the producers
human ingenuity has invented, they afford neither protection nor relief to at
least 80 per cent of the people of this
■^ountryT^vliose- only^"iyroperT7''"rc6T_
sists in their labor power, wh(ch, in
this anarchistic, tooth-and-nail, competitive age, has verily become the
cheapest article on the market—lb be
had for the mere asking.
Thus the irony of fate has it that
<■• after thousand of years'of inrossant
struggles, of war and bloodshed, pain
and suffering, slavery and humiliation,
the toilers of the world, whose overwhelming numbers makes It .o easy
for them to mould,-,the political and
economic • structures of society, to
shapo their destiny, from their own
code bf ethics and laws nnd govern
themselves lu a mannor conducive to
and subserving their best interests;
, thoso whose sinews and brawn' havo
spanned tho 'earth's surface with railway bolts; pierced tho rocky wallb
7of mountains; delved beneath river-
bods; conquered tho ocean nnd tho
and harnessed Into the service of mankind tho forces of nature—thco
sleepy, lethargic cohorts of labor lie,
to-day, prostrate at tho foot of tno
fat, lazy, rnpaclous pnrnslto nnd plutes,
whose nil-grasping pornlcious sway
over myrlnds of workers Is strengthened as tho stupidity, born of lgnornnco,
of tho latter becomes moro apparent
nnd relaxes as their Intelligence grows
manifest. ,
Socialism, aiming ns lt doos,nr,-tho
complete chango of tho fundamentals
. of prosont-day Industrial ordor, or,
rathor, disorder, namely, at tho total
abolition of privato, and tho substitution In Its stond of public ownership of
socially, necessary proporty, I, e„ land,
railways, and nil Industries operated
on a natlonul scnlo and which conflict with tho property rights so doeply onrnntod In tho. minds of laymen
(including nlso, tho grout mnns of
proporlyloHH workors) In gonornl, and
of the officers of tlio law In partlcu-
Inr.     '
Indond, It is Incnncolvablo to thom
how Socialists nro going to ovorcomo
such nn Insurmountable obslnclo llko
tho microti lnws which to-day buttro'is
nnd shield private property rights, bv
fnr mow- rigorously nnd with groator
Hollrlluilo on lho pnrt of our Inwrntk-
oni thnn Hioho affecting tho Invloln-
hlllty of tho porson,
This tinlnlolllKoiit nttltudo of tho
grout mnsHOH of tho pooplo tnwnrds tho
■Socialist iiiovoinonl Ih nmiuoniloniihly
duo to thoir oxtromo Igiinrnnoo of thn
polltio'il nnd Hoclnl philosophy that cm-
lirncoH every phitso of liumnn lifo, nnd
oxplnlns tho source our mornl, othlonl,
religious nud liiiliiKtrlul Institutions
spring from.
This Is readily hooii from tho fnct
■1    „l        IV   .   l.ill   .,..        I I ,- I        7.       . ;.
It-Ion which hnve nitnlnod n hlohor
siuio of culture nnd whoro oiliiontlnii
Is moro widely diffused, such ns
(loriii.iny, Friiim*. AiiMiin, Finland.
Belgium nud iho K'iuihIIiiiivIuii countries,
,,        X J 1 *l.l       III."!
first time in the world's history, be
brought about by,' through and with
the aid of law—which, in the last an-
aylsis, is the will of the people as expressed at the ballot box.
As a fitting illustration of the relation the ballot bears to social, political and ^industrial evolution of, to-day
it may be cited that right here in
Philadelphia the American colonists
attempted one hundred and forty years
ago to abolish monarchial form, of
government by, through and with the
aid of law, but the obstinacy and
haughtiness of George III., who had
denied the petitioners the right to alter their system of government peaceably.and 'lawfully, forced them to resort to arms, which have proven to our
forefathers to be the only available
means of liberation from political and,
incidentally, industrial, or, rather,
commercial, oppression, as the ballot
will, ultimately prove to be most ef-
-fecllve—instrument™whereby the- emT
ancipation of the workers of this republic from industrial thraldom will
be brought about.
Already on the western shores of
Lake Michigan, the awakening proletariate harbingers the dawn of ""the
glorious day when an upright, wideawake, contented, intelligent people
will assume the reins of self-government, -when, the will of the nation,
expressed through the channel of an
unpolluted ballot shall become the su-
premo'»law of the land, a law that
shall secure the producers In the fruits
of their toil, and guarantee to every
man, woman and child an equal opportunity to attain tho highest physical, intellectual and moral development—Chicago Dally Socialist.
Nantyffin, Farmers,
c- * "Llanwrda, Carrri.
To the Editor of the District Ledger:
' Dear Friend—Kindly accept my apologies for delaying so long in writing. I may state at the outset that
I have thoroughly enjoyed'my vacation; however, it is now drawing to
an end and must soon be on the warpath againochasing' up a boss that will
give me the highest price for my' labor
This lime I will hike it down to
Arkansas, and if wages are anywhere
above cost of production of. said "power"! will probably put' in the winter'
in that section of the universe, so you
wil please change my address to Huntington, P.O., Arkansas, U.S.A., as I
understand that the mines in that
quarter of Uncle Sams domain are
more active since the Big Election, so
the suspicion strikes me that very
probably the dull limes were made to
order, and aso that" may have had the
effect of causing the moveable carriers of labor power to seek other
fields. in strict compliance with capitalistic tactics when they find the
workers are becoming class-conscious.
This is a mild form of "dope" that
may be handed to us to be replaced
by something more* severe when the
masters become really alarmed that
there is a? likelihood of losing their
Strikes and troubles generally are
rampant in South Wales. All the
employees of the Cambrian Combine
have suspended work. " As • reports
from all parts are flashed daily by "the
press your readers are probably fairly informed on the subject. At Aber-
dare conditions became so intolerable
that the employees of tho Powell Duf-
fryn Company that they decided to
come out without giving the usual
month's notice. * i
I enclose a list of the grievances
which will explain the'situation fully.
List of grievances'' existing at the
Powell Duffryn Collieries, Ab'erdare
1. The violation of Clause 24 of the
Conciliation Board Agreement, by the
posting of a notice at the pithead forbidding the continuance of the custom
of carrying home waste timber for firewood;, and the undue interference with
the Companys officials and-police, Jr.
and iniimidation of the" workmen Dy
trying lo suppress the custom. ,
2. The refusal of the Company's
management to consider payment to
men working in abnormal places.
3. The action of the management in
taking away an-allowance of 3d. per
ton in the-two-feet ninevseam at Trea*-
_m anCpl lier j. . . L
miners receive. I-Ieywoad, continuing,
said the W. F. of M. was/ by -no means
satisfied with the name! of being the
best paid organization in* the' world,
but will continue to struggle and fight
until the workers receive the full social value of their product. ■ It was
this determination that caused the
capitalists of the United State's to
turn loose all the thugs and hirelings
they could'purchase in the Colorado
class war of which your readers are
undoubtedly well informed upon. I
am sailing for Philadelphia on Dec.
7th from Liverpool, and as soon as I
get settled will write again. In the
meantime this letter, if you see fit
to publish, will let-my old friends in
Michel and Coal Creek know what I
am doing.
So now, with best wishes and hoping to receive the Ledger regularly,
I am, yours sincerely,
Among the forty-five labor members
who will occupy seats in the next,session' bf the House of Commons there
are several that have graduated from*
the pick to Parliament. In the -Whitehaven District T. Richardson, a member of the Durham' Miners' Federation, succeeded in beating the sitting
member, a Unionist. Enoch Edwards
who was made treasurer of the North
Staffordshire Miners' Association
when he was only IS, Is another digger
with M.P. after his name..
J. E. Sutton, representative for East
Manchester,' is" a checkweighman, a
member of the Miners' Federation, and
a city councillor.
By Langdon Everard.   ,
This  man, who  stumbles  past, with
body bent,
And bruised hands, and eyes which
. dread tho sun,
Has diced' with Death in darkness,
and has won *
With  patient  toil  our  warmth   and
To-morrows  dawn may see his last
descent *    ■•
Into the gloom;  before the day is
Death's sudden hand-may snatch this
hapless one—''
Fling him his pittance: we are well
The Stygian caves have atrophied his
sight;      - " :
Tlie damp has chilled the blood with-
,  iii' his veins;
His   thankless task * '.our   cunning
brains have planned.
Tis well for us he.has not learned his
, might, -    *
Nor how, though we despoil him of
his gains,
He holds us in the hollow   of   his
—The Labor Leader, England.
Be ,
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial, Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
Beware of
Sold, on the
Merits of
Secretary of Agrlculturo Wilson In
his annual roport shows that tho
farmer often gots loss than -50 per
cent for his product, n the caso of
milk ho gots a scant 50 por cont of
tho price paid by tho consumer. Tho
farmers got on poultry Bl, oggs 69,
cabbngo 48, apples 60, and grain 85
por cent. Tho rullroadB and retailors
get tho balance.
Wilson aflks:' "Why do not consumers buy direct from tho farmers?"
Bocauso tho consumers nro a disorganized mob. Thoy havo neither tho
tlmo, the money, nor tho onorgy to
organlzo effectively. Tho owning
clnfls, Instinctively, and dollhoratoly
tight co-operatlvo efforts and so fnr
havo crushed thom In this country,
Tlio largo majority of wago workorH
llvo from hand to mouth, thoy cannot
contribute even small nmounts to capital necessary to establish co*opornllvo
stores, Only fow aro trained In IiubI-
iiohh mothodB, nnd Hioho usually find
moro lucrallvo portions with capitalistic omployorB, RnllrondB, banks and
wIioIuhiiIo houses, bound togolhor by
mutual IntoroHt, nro not friendly, whilo
rolalloi'H fight them directly,
Co-oporntlon botwoon thn consumer
and producer that would enable thom
to onciipo from lho liiloiniodlnry
cliargOH of rent, Interest and profit nnd
tlin unnocoHHary mlddlotnnn would bo
KoclnllHin mul will bo bitterly rovlutod
hy tho owning cIiihh,
Pointful nctlon directed lowardfl thc
collncllvo ownfu'Bl.lp of the moiniH of
production mid illHtrlbutlon Ih tlio of-
foot Ivo nml hod of Hocurlng HEAL co*
oporiitlun—-belwoiMi all uicmborH of
Tim won lib iiiiniiiilly pri-ilur-i'd by
lnbor Ih ho enormous thnt povorty   Ib
/       ,..,,    .....1C.1..1.-IU. -,,   tlill-   u\\, xllll.M   it. I III) IIIIH  limtriiNM'll
cr'-ni "O'-lnl f-vtnu- i'tmiIoi* Hon thr
tii-gio I'hntli'l Hlnvory of the H-nuth boforo Dw Civil Wnr.
Wi!.-.i'ii tiii}h;
"The ciiiii crop of 3,121,0011 himhols
. -1. The introduction of coal cutters
and conveyors into the mines to the
detriment of workmen's wages, health
a'nd '-safety.
5. The illegal removal of workmen
from working place lo another,*- with
out compensation for the loss of wages
sustained to.,the workmen by so doing. - ' '
.r-r-.-yrhe continual attempt by ■ the
n_7*Viagement to reduce tho timber-
men's helpers' wages from 3s: 6d. per
shift to 2s. lOd. per shift.
7. The refusal of the management
to reinstate workmen upon recovery
after having been Injured and in receipt of compensation, back to their
usual class of labor.
8. Tho working,- of journeys to a
late hour, thus endangering the safoty
of the workmen when travelling tho
planes.to nnd from the working places,
9. Tho serious violation of thc Mines
Eight Hour's Act throughout theso
JO, Tho continual breach of contract by tho management in turning
workmen back from the lamp stations
for not presenting themHolvcB oarllor
in tho morning and having their lamps
examined before 6 a.m,--although the
delny arises through no fault of the
11. Tho dismissal of old workmen,
12. Tho undue delay occasionally
caused In tho delivering of houso coal
to tho workmen, nnd tho quality supplied.
Kl, Tho undue Ihterofercnco of tho
management willi tho Workmen's Examiners, nnd tho refusal of access lo
tho Oolllory Examiners' Roport Book.
14. Tendering notico to cortaln
workman nt the colllorlos whilst giving omploymont to othors.
15. Filthy nnd nbuslvo language by
officials to workmen whilst following
tliolr omploympnt,
16. Tho nttompt. by tho innnngomont
to do away with tho custom of ascending flhaft dining woiklng hours,
when ..ii:,!.lo to work thromjii unii-i-id
ulio CII'.IHOH.
17. Tho action of tho mnnngoiii-Mit
In rf-iiiiu-J.mi*. oollloi'H, without o\trn
puymont, to unlond tniniH of conl owing to tho finding of n smnll quantity
of "hniHH" in tbo conl.
18. Victimisation, of lodgo of.le!iiln
and othor workmen,
Tho niuouuts rocolvod nro ho low
tlmt It In Hlmply a cano of starvation
ovon if working.
W. I). Haywood, nf tho W. V, of M„
who wuh ii rocont vIhIIoi- nl. lho lul or-
tint lonal SaclnllM CougrcHH held In
Copenhagen, has hud nome splendid
rocoplloiiH al different mcotlngH thnt
Ac Alnnly, ('arm.,
He had been born poor obviously
through no fault of his own, may be
endowed by nature.with artistic or
scientific genius, but if he has no patrimony of his own which will give him
,lhe means of triumphing over his first
struggles and of completing his personal education, or if% he has riot, like
the shepherd Giotte, the good fortune
fo meet" the rich Cimabue—he' must
disappear without a name in the great
prison of* wage-slavery; and society
itself ^hus~loses^treffSur*SffTJf"Intelle_"
tual force.
He who' is born rich, although he
owes his fortune to no personal effort,
even if he has little brains, will play a
leading part in the theatre of life, and
al servile persons' will be prodigal of
praises and fattery, and he will fancy,
simply because he has money, that he,
is a different sort of person from what
ho .really is.      i
Queen's Hotel
Barber  Shop
First class work guaranteed.
Drop in and convince yourself.
Razor  Honing,, a  Specialty.
G.   RADLAND,   Proprietor. '       _;	
PAID-UP CAPITAL, $10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000
Interest at the current rate is allowed on all deposits,of $1. and
upwards in this Department. Careful attention is given to°
every account.   Small deposits are welcomed. .. *-.*■   •■'_.'
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons,
withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor. Full and clear written instructions as to -who is to
make the withdrawals should always be given,. to1 the Bank
when opening accounts of this nature.
FERNIE  BRANCH .- L.  A. S. DACK,  Manager.
Imperial Bank of Canada
...    HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO     - 7
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital   Paid  Up    $5,575,000,,    Reserve Fund $5,575,000
D. R. WILKIE, President , .*-    HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
,.,    ' BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA ,      •■
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, {Slelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.»
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.   -
(Late Palace Barber Shop)
llu- (•jill.iij.'-l.'i.-j.'j »*.■_,•. J.■.__•_..',• r, ._,-.,_ it,',..*,'.
ho wpoko nt the Roynl Thoatro, Tony
l-iuidy thoro wns n -.urging num*. yelling and applnuding rcpont.-dly, but
wore Hlmply iihIoiiIhIioiI nlmoHt In In-
• <
■ <
■ <
• *.
• c
■ (
• (
■ (
• (
• (
• <
• <
• c
■ <
■ t
• (
• c
• t
■ (
• (
• t
and ,"
(■•.ro-'ilH Dint of tin- rcciii-il yi-nr liiOi!   .■i-.-ilhllllty when  ho Hinted    Hint    nt '
I'lio liinf nl tho irouWc y.l.Wt illin, lld.i i
n dny wiih Iho minimum wngo nnd!
t>.,,*. .,,    limn    un-;   .ii.ii   i,-i  KM ill i'l   Hum  1 Tin  IIVI-IHKI-   (TOp
above tlmt Dw nil ton-.iH'rliiK ndvtuirojof thr- pn-rcillng flvo yi.nrs by M \wr
tit this phi.-iinnii-nnl movr-m***nt Ih con- I'-imi. Tlio vnlim of HiIh rom crop
dltloiuil upon our Niit-i-fHHful ovni-enni* <*nn .ho rcclmnod nH $1,^00,000,000, n
lug of ll.-! ni'iKL fnrnildnbln ton— |g- ;huiu ..iil'I'iH.-iit to r-niic<>l tho Inton.-Ht
nornnco. And Inst, but not leant, Ib.-niing dflit of tho l.nltcd HtntoH,
of the oulpohlH of tin- cliidiil or lg- buy nl tin- gold ntul ullvor mined In
tl'inili-*"   It!   Ml**   Ml'.!'   'if   U:<-   -.UU.nl   ill!   l.f   U.e-   lulllitl* ■_■£.>   uf   I ho   l-.'iltli   hi
conlniHtfill vory mnrkodly with tho pit
t-uic-o cloHoly iippronchlii*. tho vaiiIhIi.
Iiii: point  thnl  many   South    Wnlcfl
Deafness Cannot He Cured
Xew Year
. ■
> •
. *
> ■
) ■
. ■
_ '
) ■
, >■
> '
Mcintosh. McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Open for nil kinds of business
in thoir lino
properly iIkIhh Hint dnto bnck to tho i i'Mb nnd Htlll Ic-nvo to Dw tnrmovn n j ^.■^'J;,w■^>r■;!;J1,?■■■^f,^,^i.,,_'?. ,^K,.i?'J?"J.it,?am^-*I^,.?l,»rt ' 5
ilrirk niMllM-.il  ;ii'.--'_\r,ri'l  t'i H*.*  ,/it*;   ?/»»/'"■  fioi F*.*-'.  money."   Ihilly  (\i;*'i;U,, <,..(.- -.i--._hi._h, mul iiwt i» .,> «.m»nii.i.-iri>.ii .iti.i-un. it;
.i.,.„„   _„.„.,.," " 'l.M„„,i,i,„, l*,iitiu-.«..I.. i-iiuw.il.l.y.iiii_li,n;iiiij-rti-.ii,illli.«.^,l^l*
i *.ii i.r in,, i •*
tlnliin i'litifb', " KiJijjiiiiion.
For, In ii romiiry poRwi-m-liiB tlm Iml-i  —
lot, ihi; w-ii-r.--, if., llu- piitplo Jhi-iri*, Arm. dim. lo ono of -our «*\i Iiaiikrh,
tit-lxi-n iim- tin* l;iu*m;il.r*-iN nnd. ron-.n v. rs-fiilj-f Indlvldimt who posMeasod
Hui|ii(*nily tliey cun iiinki*. iiiuualcr*, uiiditlHt iittiilnnu-iitH of in*r*ni-|ii*r. nown-
n-iii.-iki! (ori-iifltKlniiH. law.-* and pariia* p:ii|K-rmnn nml homo Ihlt-f. lm* boon
tui.til.'., Il li.^U.ilJ> C-jIUi-a-* ll.tu-.fi,luu - J.mid nil lliu \.xn\ _l_d..'i|iii-i_l. IIM
thnl thi.* imxi rnn»» Htup^ndoui, fnr* __ Hn-nufn-rrlo* In tlm oHn-r two rap-
iiiucUliH. tiiduutilnl thiuiK-B will, for tln«,u<-ini*h »«*_ nut known,
lr,t|tii-.M i;nlf,a nf t.><i l;tMUrliMir IiiIm,
IdIki I* tiinum-il you Iwvr s rurntiliiif nm
ta-rlrtl lu»f.-.!-, d'.il »hrn It I. YMir,!>- |.,,„-,1, lir.l- ;
li, w ll llu, .<-»<i,(. find iinli" lli# liuliiimiiliun r»r, l,f ;
l.i _mi out it',') l,!**) till** iv*lnr,-,| l,i in n.irr.ul r«»r,|i.
Ii-i-t, twiirni* will  lw* <l'->tr<i)*r<l lowvrr:   tiliif <■»'.» (
»n nl im in- fjitftil l-v r-iunh, »li!fh i< in-.!), i.i. i
l,_il .i'l .',/ltllii*,1 (iJbllllKi'l nf tlm- _mi.fl.il .■...<...» j
Wm Kill irl.ii nnt- llniilr-.l IMlun ler «uv t.ii- it * .
Ii ,.:, • ., \..,..t., _.-_ uUii',,1 Uu.l r_bi,i.„v La* .,,r«.i , r
ti, IIliln lUUirli t'ntv.   i    -I l„» rlffuUn. Ir,f.        * ■f
i*. /. nii,j*i:v * tu. i«>ii _«. o. I ¥
H.ii',1 liy (lM|i(„[«l«, 1'f i ¥
Hardware Furnituro
Fernie,  B. C.
I i*,i- II illn I .unii)' I'll) (nf i'„'iHtl!>'i!!iin.
Addroas Box 97
won't., hurt. you. 'If   yoii ,var'e ■'
building now it will be of'the
greatest benefit, as the inarket
was overstocked.during the re- ■
cent panic and the dealers are ,
,- obliged to get rid of the ■ sur-
■ for tlie next shipment.   -     ;, ;, - *•
" '"' "a jumping board
. is fun to .play with', but when
you are buying lumber to build
with, you do not want it to
jump in price or quality.   Tako
* it from us that there Is good
material in'our yards and do not
ordor of anyone olso ' for our,
prices are the lowest.
Bur supplied with tho best Wlnos,
Lifjuors und OignvH
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
t ."  »     .      »    >tm—t~*a~*     ■.■■.. ■■!■■■
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay _£_£
iPrepare for Fall
and Winter
Wo havo just cleared our summor stock out nnd now we aro
ready to fit you up for tho wlntor 4rom head to foot. If you nro
looking for tho futuro and intond. to savo your monoy purchase
your goods from uh, We havo JUBt bought tho stock of Mr. Jamos
Haddad and now we nre carrying a vory large stock of ladles' nnd
gents" furnlshlngB. Trunks and vallsos, in fact, everything for
mon, womon and children.
Our $1,25 Sweater Coats have no oqual. Our $1,75 Pen Anglo
Undcrsuits have thom all beaton.
Our Suits are JuBt tho kind you need for stylo and durability.
Wo carry a largo,assortment of Boots and Shoos, tho bost selection thnt monoy and brains can buy.
Noxt to Northorn Hoto
Fernie Opera House
WH* trXf/aa* mmm a
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Fresh   Cut*
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets.
Long: DliUnce Phono S77
Ledger Ads Pay
., LiiinoKiuuii        fli.nr.Kifl
'J  Your oi-ilnrH will nt'-nlvo pronuit  nt-
At    (UltlllllllUIll   yutl Mill  llll   pi(IHH(:ll   Willi
*    1. llllt WO MlllU )l»ll, a*
60  V EARS'
TnApc Marks
Copvnioirro &c
JIMoklr ueartattt not
tiTtmVin la tn-obablr
l*»l«riti i*k*n ifiroti,
»fTit tre*. litaial i
*t «0
.. oo rtimu
• vo. t«o*ttre
Auf mi» ••nAlKf * »kMfi-h »n(lVl-«iin1ptl*7n m«r
uoklr ueeruiif cyroplnlnn tt**.*h*xn*—
'■klfi.--   ..._  .
w_ut tutut, -"iifKiat iiim latb-t
SClCltlillC fltMcriwii.
A htnitoaiHt Ui-uirtiMl WMklr. iJWTtmt rut.
ii_Uiioi»_ tu.) »a«_u.ia«twunii. ibtau tor
rSuift-U.Ii.,S* J*«, fu*Uue ***»**&.   UU4 bt
•[0**1^*^*1*. ' ---»_*- - — .
*■'■*■* w-W. .^/""Ns—
********** k**********kkkkkkkkk***r*******r******kkkkkkA*
l.|       * * .   ■       *
\*********** **************i ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ *********************
I     '
Owing " to pressure on . our space
consequent upon the extraordinary
calls usual at this season of the year
jve have been compelled to hold over
some "very interesting matter from
our' Edmonton correspondent detailing the happenings in that august assemblage and more particularly dealing with the efforts of therepresenta-
. tive of the Rocky, Mountain Division,
one of the most, important fractions of
District 18,U.M.W. of A., we will how-"*
ever," now resume the' reports which,
although somewhat belated,* we trust
will be none the less appreciated by
our, many readers.
When the hill was brought in for
second reading to legalize the prac-
. tlco of"ostespaths, it "was opposed by
the only medical practitioner who is
a member of the assembly (?\vas he
actuated by the Interests of his caste
or union, or because of his zeal for
.the welfare of his constituents?) another, member,  brother of a doctor.
Even the man who had charge of thc
bill was not' going to defend it, the
speaker called the vote, and it looked
as  though  the  noes   were  going  lo
, have it, when O'Brien jumped lo feet
and said: *'
Mr. Speaker,   1   did not know you
were going "to, call so soon; I expect-
' ed*other members to speak in defence
' of thissbili: "   I will vote for it.     He
, acknowledged that he was not an ex-
-pert'but pointed put that medical.science .had failed to'.bring about a reduction of-'disease. **   He dwelt upon
the economic.causes of poverty from
*   whicli the greater part of the sickness," of* the  working  class   springs.
- He quoted  high  medical  authorities
. in ' substantiation  of  the   contention
that, medicine ,-,was a pseudo science
.- because it„was largely empirical.' Am-
'■ ong others he cited the following: Dr.
' '.T..W. Nevill, one of the most eminent
.London physicians, in a lecture deliver
ed before the College of. Physicians
and Surgeons. ,    '
"I  have  been  practising medicine
'*, -for 27 years.     I have' devoted"to.it
"-.-.all my ability, and I must say that to-
:' day I feel that I know absolutely nothing' about -' materia medica. 7 It is
uncertain, unsatisfactory, the most unreliable of• any . subject that I have
ever investigated.' 'It is well known
•■*■ that*_the remedies'.we-use upon one
patie'ht; with satisfactory results will,
have no effect upon others, when the
symptoms aro precisely the same."
"Dr.  Covissart, of Paris, in an ad-
to impress upon you that the practice
...--, of, .medicine  is .nothing  but  a  succession of experiments, and one person is just as liable to have a success
as another.     Thore is no such thing
&j science in the practice of medicine,
and no ono knows It better than the
regular practictioner.   Medicine Is a
collection of uncertain prescriptions,.
...   the result of which taken collectively
is far more fatal than useful to mankind,.    Water; air and cleanliness are
the chief  articles ■ in * my pharmae-
Talmage, Fellow of the Royal Society,
London, Sir, John Forbes editor of the
British American Medical Review, and
physician to the Queen;  Prof. A. H.
Stevens,,of the N. Y. College of Physicians and Surgeons; ,Dr. Janies Johnson, editor of the Surgical Review; Dr
Abernathy, of London;  Dr. Marshall
Hall, F.R.S., and a,number of others
whose statements were practically' amplifications of those already quoted.
He  then  continued,   stating , medical
science or osteopathy deals with effects, poverty is-the cause, of most,
diseases and slavery is the cause of
poverty, hence"in order to study the
cause another branch of knowledge or
science   is   requisite—Sociology   and
then to abolish that cause (slavery)
the new science of Sociology which is
the proletarian conception called,. Socialism.   In support of his contention
that poverty was tho cause of most
diseases, he quoted at length from the
Montreal Star.
Two other members spoke in support of the bill, it then passed its
second reading, whence it was handed
ovor for dissection, i.e.. sent to a committee of the whole house, and thence
to the political morgue, being defeated
on a tie vote, the deputy speaker giving his vote against the bill.     Vale.
Experts   show   that   Hiclh   Explosive
.Named  Will  Not  lgr)jte  Gas-
. WASHINGTON.—Testimony, which
destroys the entire foundation of the
fabric,of charges printed in the current number of Hampton's Magazine,
stating that the Los Angeles Times
newspaper plant was blown up by dynamite, has been given in this city by
three of the best known American ex-
| perts in the use, of mining explosives.
* These men are Dr. J. A. Holmes,
director of United States Bureau of
of Mines, and Congressman William B.
Wilson and T. D. Nicholls, of Pennsylvania, both practical miners of
many years'. experience, to whose expert knowledge' is" largely due the establishment of the United States Bu-
i-'ean of Mines.
Frederick Palmer's article in
Hampton's, written under, the caption
"Otistown of the • Open Shop—The
story of Los Angeles, a city so influenced .by. one man and his idea that,
her labor war" culminated in the use
of nitro glycerine," practically reiterates the charges made hy Kditor Otis
that dynamite in the hands of labor
agitators caused the catastrophe. Thc
mass of suspicion voiced by members
of the Times staff and private detec-.
tives hired by Otis, with which Frederic Palmer has made a long and
most sensational article, are .all dnl
pendent for their existence upon the
one question, namely, was the Times
blown up hy dynamite? If it was not,
and gas, in conjunction with some
other terrible destructive and inflammable material such as inks and oils
destroyed the building, then it "would
seem that Hampton's Magazine has
written its verdict before the evidence was in. _
ence as a miner, handling yA explosives and noting their acti0(J»*I have
never known of a case wher*? 1 great
body of flame .followed an * ^blosioi^
such as is asserted to be th*---' case in
the Los Angeles Times cm^tvophe,"
, One of the many infl:.-^**-. statements in". Palmer's article \v^s placed
before Director J.; A. Holi^t.3. in h|s
office in the bureiau of mi.,^- for especial consideration. It rea-i13 as follows: .
'WiLh hellish foreknow-j^ge and
precision the bomb was p)aced in
the alley between the st-31^typing
room and the press ro0l^' where
tons of ink were stored. \t \yas set
for that busy moment a,t \ 'o'clock
when the morning edition ^ going
to press. Swift as light fou^Ving the
roar and .chaos ,,f rom the ■^■plosion,
the  ink  sent its  spray  0* flames'
Last New-, Years Day Jack Green
determined to reform. He wor ,a
vary dacent chap except foi- being forid
ov his whiskey Soa he t,made his
wife a promise 'at he'd nlvver touch
[another drop for a twelve month unless
he wor' sick
""Has Jack kept his resolution?" one,
ov his mates ax'd his wife.
"Eah." shoo sed, "but he's been sick
ivver sin he made it.'
"Why. Sam. tha Ws liko a fooil!"
sed old Snigg to his son. who'd-just
come hooam throo th' college. s- "Tha
luks moor an moor like a consayted
due an a nincompoop th' older tha
gets!"        ** ,   *     _     .
" Just then a friend dropt in "Hello."
he sed. • "glad to. see thee, Sam, aw
declare tha grows moor like thi fey-
ther ivvery day"
"Eeah—that's just what he's been
tellin' me," sed i-Sam.   ,
»    -     ' *"  1   ■"
_, If you know a lass'cwho is -"a.dreaam"
dboan't wakken her wi weddin' her.
Nicholls'  Unbelief v
It's better i' this world to have a
If fowk wor as free wi ther brass
as they ar wi the advice ther'd be,
fewer fowk* i' want.
* All men are born equal, but it no
but lasts a minute, or two
., A still tongue "-hides. .*.' lot of ignorance. " v -7  ' -       7    -
As a boy of seventeen, Representative Nicholls commenced work in a
coal mine and continued his underground life until he was thirty. After
these years(iof daily practical experience with explosives, -*he made an-exhaustive technical study of'them as
well, and his conclusive statement,
after having read "Otistown of the
.Open Shop" in Hampton's, is given as
"I do not-..believe it possible that
dynamite or giant powder could have
caused the explosion, for it is the
rule in coal mines or parts of a coal
mine evolving inflammable gases to
prohibit the use of all explosives except \dynamite or giant, powder, or
otlie_explosives, the basis of which is
nitro-glycerine, for the reason that the
explosive named will not ignite gases;
the action of -these explosives being
instantaneous and practically without
flame.- I have known of dynamite or
giant powder being exploded in a section of a mine where gas was on fire
for the purpose of extinguishing the
same other efforts having previously,
failed." ^   -
' Representative Wilson was . chosen
mine work to handle the hearings before the Congressional committee
that reported favorably on the establishment of the United States bureau
of mines:  , ^^
Never Knew Such a Case
He read Hampton's article on the
Los Angeles Times explosion and gave
the following opinion:*,     •   i    ■•   '
"In my, twenty-seven years' experi-
through tho building. T-^se, wl*0
" were near the doors arid Windows'
escaped; the others sank P\"ii jV Itl.
the red blast In their lung****'1
Before answering the quesi'-^n as^to
whether or no dynamite c^ld have
ignited printers' ink,. Direct^ Holmes
turned to a list of what Js termed
"permissible ■ explosives,- namely
those that have passed the t-^t of the
bureau, and will not ignite g^ or, dust
in mines. Here he pointed f° the California' brands, turned oil*-- by Uie
Giant Powder Company—-u.*3 soiu-ce
from, which it is charged "lo dynamiters procured their supply —■- and
then made the following stijt<5ment:
."These permissible explosives, jji
my opinion, would not ha\-e *f<-. fire t.0
inks or oils. No, nor gas e^her. _V
test wliich would place uh Explosive
in the permissible list for ■•'nine {-.a*-*
would stand as well for th-^ online*..-/
house gas.
Then Director Holmes v^s asl*;ed
the direct questtion upon"" Miieli UjC
whole terrible charge ag_.P-.--_t" labor
hangs, the .question of whet^r flame*3
followed the* use of these AplosiVeS-
Here is his frank answer.
"I have never known *oj* . wine explosion that was followed ■bV a body
of flames such as is,des<_i*i*t-_<?*-l. „Yes, a
gas explosion would have j*. Uted U.-jt
ink.' , ,      "
When the real trial of Miis pn-e^
conspiracy of the Los Angel*-, millionaires to make a model opef> shop city
finally takes place, the" te^imony of
such experts as Director f-^lmes m>d
Congressmen Wilson and -^i^liolls "will
go hard with the plotters,
And Hampton's—Hai-aj.tVs hi*3
certainly sunk' itself deep Hi this jit-
tempt to get a public vei^ct bot0i*e
the evidence was in.
tion,.spurred on by the venomous publisher of The Times, to convince the
public that u_e explosion must have
beeu the work of "unionites."     In the
fac;,e''*of these charges,. evidence has
been Produced to show that The Times
huildiiig had been condemned as unsafe, as large cracks had appeared in
the wall; that a few hours before the
the explosion three of The Times employees were forced to leave owing to
sickness caused by the amount of gas
in the building, their statement being
filed under affidavit; that during the
day preceding the explosion someone
complained to the gas company owing
to the strong odor of gas in the building, and that the company  sent an
inspector' to investigate;, that he reported that he found one of the gas
mains under the building" leaking, this
report being made before the gas com-
panys office closed in the afternoon
and several hours before the explosion.
All this volume of theory and evidence
has gone a Jong wny to convince the
general  public  that  organized  labor
was in no way connected with tho
disaster.     It is said that few people
in Los Angeles now hold to the opinion that so-called "unionites" were to
blame, but are satisfied that the explosion was caused by escaping gas.
Do You
Want a
Home ?
Developments from the if'^'estigation
instituted by city and st.A officials
in the .explosion at Tho j>°_s Angers
Times building, in the ea^ hours of
October 1, point to no o^er theory
than tlie one voiced by ■Timbers of
organized labor ever since *■ *e disaster
occurred, namely, that it w*as caused
by gas. A searching jJ»VeStigation
California State Federation of Labor.
during which scores of j.e>*soiis wh°
were witnesses to the exjJ,Qsion were
examined, and, the opinio*-1*-* ot many
of the best explosive exp_*fts secnred,
pointed to the theory that ^s ignition
was the cause.' Of coui^. the.-e is
still a-'decided determir,_i"<in on the
part of the fanatics* represented by the
merchants and manufacture ass0cia-
According tb reports there is no appreciable difference in the shipment
of coal from Fife (Scotland) because
of the stoppage in South Wales and
this is commented upon because it is
the only co.il.said to possess the steaming qualities of the Welsh product.
The thought occurs to us—What " is
the "moral" difference between miners digging coal in South Wales mines
to replace those on strike ■ and Fife-
shire miners supplying the commodity?
The question of the right "of a workman when called upon by.his employer to submit himself for medical examination to .have his own medical attendant present during the examination is agitating the Scottish Federation. „ ,'
It is expected that -10 men at work
in Wilsontown in the. colliery of Wm.
Dixon may come out on strike because
the dismissal of a miner some time
At a meeting of the Lanarkshire Executive it was reported that Mr. William Kilpatrick Larkhall had been appointed as arbiter and Mr. Thomas
Murphy, President .of the "Larkhall
branch of the union had been selected
to look after the interests of' the' men
in the fonage difficulty at Bedley-colliery,  Gle'nbrig.
The management has agreed to raise
the tonnage rate "at Greenhill .Colliery,
Cleland. "      '
Three 20-acre Tracts, of
which four acres on each
are improved, on Lake
Front and located -where
, there is good settlement.
oRi'ioe per block §1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers,
, This is a chance for anyone
intending to make a home
for himself at once.
I    Joe Grafton
P.O. Box 48
Fernie       -       B; C.
At CaUlcrbank Colliery, Balllieston,
in consequence of the manager refusing to pay tho standard wage in one
of the seams'the action ot the agent
in instructing the men employed
In lifting their.-gi-alth a^ter-cleaning
up was decided by the Executive to bo
perfectly m ordor.
Veterinary Surgeon
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Liver}.
Fernie. B.C.
Is the  Earth Itself
I. i
on   Earth
_ ■
Arc you a homescekor, or nro you
seeking a safo and profitable invest-
'ment in-tho district of thc f u Lu ro, with
sprint? tho wholo year round, soil of in-
oxhanstiblo fertility, crops growing
every month in tho yoar, and transportation nt your,vory door to tako your
products to all markets; whoro thoro is
a fino ocean harbor, and whoro grows
everything eatable jioeessory i'or thc
country ?
Whoro you will got well on tho
Whoro medicino is unnecessary.
Whoro thero is plenty of rainfall and
, heavy dows. ,
Whero tho cool air from noarby
mountains causes rainfall overy month
in tho year.
Where you nro at tho Coast.
Where you do not need to irrigate.
Whero you nro near tbo doop water
Whero tho constant sea brozes mnko
lifo worth living.
Whoro it rarely i'rce/.cn.
Whero tliere aro no winters, cyclones,
blizzards or tornadoes.
Whoro tho flowers bloom ovory month .
in lho year.
Where you win wear llio snnie lumi
of clothW comfortably nil tho year
Whero yoni:fnriu ovory month in tho
Whero you savo moro than you cnn
make Eastward.
1 Wli"»*o llu- lido nf imiarntion is rapidly going, imd 1..---1 values are rapidly
Where the land will yield anything
equal to any part of the country.
Where sunstroke.) is never known.
Market unlimited; soil most fertile;
.-lunate, ideal, middleman eliminated;
produce from cultivator to customer
willi-niL iiil'.'ihi.'diui'y. The proximity
to the principal coast cities of tlto pro-
vinn-* furnishes thc host possihli. junr-
kcts. Transporta'ion facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Ownor
Branch Ottico, Roma 0Wk, Ferrtte, Q. C.
Hcadqtmrtors, IB3? Third Avo. W.
LOCATION:   in thu niiilstof mining.
lumbering and othur largo industries,
which afford  large remune,rali\e  *
pl'iytinuif. fn llu* ■**.w 110in nf .•.•in-ill f/inii**
in 1 lie early HtagcH of their *li*vcl*t|*-
TERMS: 10 per cent cnsh; lml-.ii-*.-
on Irrnif. to suit tip- juirehnviT. N'n
Where you do not work six months of
each year to keep from freezing und
starving the other six fnonths.
Where vegetation is so strong nnd so
vapid as to astonish any Hasterner.
Wlioro five or ten acres put in fruit
or vegetables, nr poultry, will make a
Where wafer is soft, pure, and plentiful.
Where rattlesnakes arc unknown.
Where, you can live in a summer houso
surrounded by flowers, fruits and ferns,
Where Ibei.o are priictieally.no tuxes.
Where il is so healthy Unit people
rarely die except from old age.
Where lung trouble, cut a nil, 'hay
favcr, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism
and all the ills of variable climates aro
prneiieally unknown.
Where you will live ten years longer.
Where ymi work le,-.*. ami oblnin
more .Iiim in any other plane on earth.
Where your land yields (•nonniiusly,
and freiifhl rales are nol neeesMiiry.
When-, I hen* in thc best fWiiug and
Where all the industries are. nearby.
■    ' l     '
_ _ l|i:M!   tfH'iU    OJijMlJ illllUf ft   nn    v 4,,r_
*     . -   !
* »'/»   IMIt.lli
l.vrryoiie buying one of these farms
or lot« I'tvpiir-.-s for the future nud old
Labor is the foundation of wealth.
i - .     ,   -, i    •       i   i
im,.   11.-. i.■*i,*,  *>.*» -,»*'-.    ',.-1 ... -   -,   . .
will toil on to tbe end, Do not miss
thc opportunity. The only difference
between rich aud poor is one of investment.
A farm in the count vy, niul al the
door of the eity.
To Im* sold iii small parrels of I'l'uiu .'-
in 10 .■H-ri-s at* ti-ni-s 1o suit the pni**-
iVa-ti-ally all the water iront is a
ehnn  bed uf  low   tide.
'.*>.   *'-
mtmm ,... a_». *.; y—' -«-. ?_»•*=">--■-
 *^^^,„__^vA-x_aeiaasaaifei g_g^v___ai_<M_w-.t__.*.
8% Sisimi £i%ar
Published every Saturday, morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. G_   Subscription $1.00
, j o
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all., kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
'./.'". J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
A S a result of the investigation by the Rail-
■"■ way Commission into the tariff rates charged
by the various express companies being considered
excessive instructions have been issued that a revision downwards must. be effected and ia new-
tariff filed within the next three months.
These express companies are in reality agents of
the railroads, but are given a distinctive name for
reasons that are obvious to any possessing an
elementary knowledge of "high finance,", in other
Words.,how to comply with the letter of statutory
law while effecting a complete stultification of the
spirit thereof.
One of the methods employed is to charge high
rentals for'the'premfses occupied by the express
companies and also excessive rates for transportation facilities whereby it is practicable to effect a
concealment of the real profits obtained. Quite
frequently we have been asked the question, Wliat
is meant by watered stock? and we think that no
clearer illustration can be given than the quotation
of some of the facts and figures furnished as a
result of the enquiry. In 1892 the Grand Trunk
Railway purchased the Canadian Express Comp-
- any for the reported consideration . of $660,000,
** * ;
'■ tho real valuation of which was estimated at $60,-
__.QP.Q_, the_p_dd_s_ix_ hundred thousand may be regard-
am oimt.— One hunderd per cent is) a nice juicy-;
"plum" whose existence does not--become public"
knowledge voluntarily, as it is intended only as a
choice morsel for the delectation-* of the members
of the-inner circle and a suitable recompense for the
"risks" incurred. This brief exposition mayj.be
"muckraking to those who indulge iu the practices
referred to, yet of this we.take no heediior is:this
article --intended 'as a condemnation, because we
hold with P. T. Barnum that the public must like to
be gulled. . -'    ■      • •-" *' -   '" ■''''.
The number of those who are constantly bemoaning the failure of some get-rich-quick' scheme proves
conclusively that the experiences of others do not
act as a deterrent,, in fact the spirit of gambling
is so prevalent among all classes that' it can be said
to inhere iri the system. Here ends* the. treatise on
"high finance."
.- We will now touch upon another phase dealing
more directly with thc subject matter of the headline of this article.
The governmental interference with business en-
terprizes is establishing a precedent that may be
extremely useful, as a,guide in the not far distant
future. If the principle- be conceded that it is
within the, scope of a government's jurisdiction
to compel any railroad or express company to reduce rates, the fact that it is a quasi-public institution by virtue of the terms of its charter, will
riot affect .the moral force of the principle involved
hence thc contention that that which is applicable
to a chartered railway is not equally so to undertakings of a private character will be'readily set
aside when the power of enforcement is at the back
of if' '
Taking the railroad corporation as located at
the apex of industrial, organization- the descent
may be down'through the whole gaimit'until the
huckster and packman are reached. Naturally
those immediately interested resent what they
term "unjustifiable meddling,"'while those not affected will either give the matter no more than a
passing thought,' or else consider that: it is perfectly in order until their turn arrives, when.they
will emit a squeal that would bring the blush of
envy to the fowl of,a, stockyard porker. It makes
a vast difference whose, "ox is gored."
Thc incipient stage of government hy commission having been inauguarated we may see a similar body of inquisitors appointed for the purpose
"of compelling- lumber and kindred business concerns to conform both in the letter and spirit to
th'e "Truck Act,' instead of simply, complying
with the letter of the'law by the formation of
subsidary companies inflicting a solar plexas blow
to the spirit thereof.. ' °
The smaller firms, shut out of the enjoyment'
of privileges, will applaud the actions of, the powers that be and argue that they are.perfectly right
and propeivthus* to choke monopolyand encourage
On'the breakfast table—in the sick room—
'for imf-img' salad:^ puddings and othor des-
'"*$ ser'ts—for a bite between meais, in the lunch
box, tliere is no  fruit -equal to  the famous
California, "Sunkist'.' .Orange.   Being tree-
ripened, sound-picked, packed and shipped with the
* utmost skill and care, it is the most healthful and luscious of all fruits.
, Siinkist Oranges a_ thin-skinned— kist Wrapper. .Thousands of1 families"
fibe'rless—seedless. T!_ey fairly "melt ia will have none but SuakiscUranges. Atter
ihe mouth. There is to-li'.Ltc-'waste in you have tried thom once thuy v. ill wia
servingapdeatingtheinthatthcyarctruly., you.. Wcr,sc inakj the trial today. Your
the cheapest orange you can buy.' : _ dealer s*.U*? them. „And don't forget lo
Every Sunkist Orange comes in a Sup-    ■ save the "Sunkist" Wrappers.'   ' ,
Ask for "Sunkist" Lemons
1 After you hive enten Sunkist Orans.es, you will
be glad to fc.now there aro SunUiot Lemon**
for tliey, too, iiro .*.:_. linest fruit ot their l::r:*.
Never blemished, marred, d'-cayc... thicl:-
bkimw'.l or pithy.   Sun-cUt I.enions
'contain SO percent more juicoih a
commonpla...  lemon.., which
' makes thsm mosteconomi-
Rogers Orange Spoon
Shvo 12 $u:ikirttOri>n. o{orl.omnn)
WuttM*._r»_.hud fivuil thim tnunwitti 12o to
I my chu rue*, pn _ kiiiK. etc., <md wo will prowint
wm frith  _K*,nuint*'Rn*Kf*rsOrnm:"8'ionn, pr"
leal for kitchen ancl table
.   The "SuntNt"
Wrapper identifies
ful tUirti^u _utl highi'btquul ity. ik'-giu savin*;-Kroner*.
ioh\. If jou <l_-iro iimn. lb in ouo, (wild 12 Huukist
\V rappon on ! 2_o i'cr^cucli .-ula-ii-_*unul h^oou.
In reralttme. ple*u«*-*j «cnd c-n>h wlu-ii ebo rmount _■ lefts
!. _n Sb_i on araounti atwv-d io, wo (.rt)i->r p.mul *_ote.
'..iiuey order, axprr _■. oni-pr nr bunk draft. We wilt h*> plnrt
ij (.-nd >ou complett) It*-**, of vula.ible premium-. H> honor both
_ul;!«t" n»*l ' lC«d   Hail" wrupiieis fnr  premM-tniK.    A 1-irouH
10S King St. Eftit, TOKONTO, ONT. (55)
ed as price of good-will and franchise, although it
nevertheless is an inflation. In addition to. an increase of value to $2] 2,7.19 tliere is the tidy sum
-oi three,.millions of stock held by the.trustees of
the Grand Trunk. The Dominion Express Company, which might as well he called the C.P.R. Express Company, according ,to. the figures-of*** the commission the only cash'paid in>->vas -$24,500, although
, it capitalization was $2,000,000'.   "',*
The total revenue earned between .1902-1909 by
the Canadian Express was -$13,362,2.6*), oiit of which
■$^,4t>7,J,07, or 65 per-cetili' was-paid to tlie Grand
Trunk., The '... li. during .the ■'aforementioned
ftMi ..I received $\&.U)9,240', practically (it per cen*'.
of the revenue of Hit Dominion Express Company.
Sonic times when observations are made that it
would bo an excellent plan for the government to
operate public.utilities nnd the compensation to be
paid based .on actual*values, loud are the lamenta-
■ tions of lifo' opponents to such a scheme, and tbe
cries of "Robbery!" "Confiscation I" "Socinlism I."
are heard. Some tondcr-heiu-led apologists with
crocodile tears will implore thoir bearers to think
of tiie."widows in Holland," "tbe trustees of or-
phnns in England" wbo have invested tlieir all
in these varied undertakings nnd beseech thorn in
the name of justice and humanity not to commit
so grievous a wrong, These casc-liiirdened flunkies
.i of capitalism vociferously prate-about tbe small ro-'
turns,obtained, always quote tlie figures of capitalization nnd studiously avoid making any inference to tbe actual values, Tbe object is to i-'o'-oive
and so fnr ns the. great ninss is concerned tbey nre
* largely successful, bocnusc only a small percentage
know anything about tiie higher branches of corporation accountancy, with nil its subtle adjuncts.
■ In tbe figures already mentioned it is a simple
matter for anyone possessing a rudimentary knowledge of arithmetic to ascertain the ('iuintily of
"liquid" liy snbstrncting the iimount. of the actunl
value from tin* capitalization figures, the difference
represent*, the volume of tlie "water ballast." carried. In order that the situation may be grasped
with greater mental ease'we will (pinto round figures, The assets of the compiiny are bought for
♦STiOjOOO cnsh and its capitalization is $2,000,000, nr
eight times its cash value, tbis means .•Ji-fiO.OOO solid |
und .* 150,000 liquid or water, now let oue million j
bn enll/wl nrnfnrrnd ulrtoV nnt] til" either million'
ciomnno. upm-. the former R per cn..*. .<-• ... be pi*id I
and on the'latter tbe prospect ns stales tbat within'
'., \on\n* there is ever1-/ r*en*=on tn believe* tbnt tin*
(Mtuuiion stoek will be earning 10 per cent. The
mini on thn street will nnt rcard tbis an an **"<-'
cessivo return from the investment .because, hei
bases bis opinion on the assumption tbat eapitaliza-j
tion nnd values nro identical. The preferred stock |
(should expert.it ions lh* realized on the common);
will produce 15 per cent, and even this will not be i
looked upon as "outrageous" or "usurious,', but.
ns- "fair arid Wilim-ite" returns.
f.ef us take pencil in li-tnd nml on a sheet of
paper do ii little figuring. 15 per <*._.. ._n -il.nfi.i,.
(W.0 represents tin* payments in dividends cf )f'l50-
A(W. i>,nd J'» per *""t\i t4mr-*nn -***<|U!il-**i ip«i,««K>. or n
Mtaf  nf ¥2'int.mx  j,.*,;,}  ,m   .,„   frrv.-»?*"H-nf  of )<l'o
competition unless the competition assume such
gigantic proportions that their existence be jeopardized.
The charges of the express companies have been
declared excessive much to the* gratification of
those who pay charges on goods but do not parti-
cjpjtate in the dividends, yet-should the great mass
of.-workersj who are the real factors in the production aud distribution of-all exchange values, awaken to the realization that the load their class is
compelled to carry is excessive they, in-turn, may
follow the. precedent laid down by the Railway
Commission and decide that a revision downward
is' not adequate to administer to society's needs
nnd effect a complete change.
High tariff or low tariff is of positively no value
to the working class as a class. Those who doubt
the accuracy of this assertion have only to examine
tho conditions in other countries and more especially those where all that appertains to the railroad is government owned and operated. Tn those
countries, despite "Parcel Post," (ind other transportation facilities being very much cheaper thnn
obtains on this, continent, we find the working
clnss worse off than they aro here. The fact thnt
thoy mny purebnso commodities cither nt higher or
lower prices in nowise alters the fact that thc margin between wages received nud(,the cost of living
is very meagre. What the producing class 'will
demand when thoy become enlightened nnd realize
their powor is the full social value of their pro-
duet whereby the toll they pay in mine, mill and
factory .in tbe shape of human flesh and blorfd
will be lessened until tbe vanishing point is within
Mrs. L Todds Sale
Coats   and  Skirts
■    ' *    .; .   '    - ' ' ■/1 "'7 '.*    ..   ' *'
Crum's Prints and Dainty Goods for evening'wear.'
One dozen Ladies' Coats, colors Black, Brown, and Navy;
note the quality and fashionable shades  $5.00
, One Dozen Ladies' Coats, Black, Brown and Navy; regular
$15 to $18, Saturday special .., v............^ 7.. $10.00
Cloth, Voile and Panama—Extra good quality at, greatly reduced prices. .    '     '    . , '-
7   9 yards Crum's Prints, guaranteed not to fade; dark and
light shades '....: .$1.00
6 Baby "White Bear Coats -/regular $1.75 and $2.00, Saturday
special  _'.,:•  ..". $1.25
6 Baby "Bear" Coats; regular $2.00 and $3.00, Saturday special : '.-..$1.50. and $1.75
-12-Jjadiesl-Hats,7.stylish,_spe(_ial_ -.-.. : '-.-—..$5.00-
12 Ladies Hats', ready to wear  ";..".  .$3.75
12 Misses' Hats, ready to wear ... 7  .7 $3.75
12"ends Veiling, V& yd; lengths, in fashionable hues .35c '
See Wind       Display
rs. E. TODD
TJ ECHNTLY, in discussion with a Pass miner
*^ who hns had large experience bolli in Knglnnd
nd -f .Hindu, the terrible disaster itt* Pcllovuo on
7"ecmber Oth wns   alluded   to,   readily drifting
.herefrom to other mining, calamities   nud   tlieir
■■uses.     Touching upon the question of the mor-
'dity nnionir miners not having depreciated com-
lensurate with wbat it should be in view of thc
ncrensed knowledge gained in mining engineering,-
.echnnienl appliances, etc.,. the various reasons as-
i.Mied in e.xplnnation were mentioned.
In the past the. inineworkers were practically of
i i   ..       * *i     i
. ti-ll..1.     ..I   ti    .14.It*.it,
Shirts,  Pants, Caps and Mitts, Etc.
The usual Grocery
Specials for Saturday
A Happy and Prosperous
New Year to all
A. A. McBean
Opposite Post Office
New Years
Takes place   Monday,  January  2nd,
1911, at  11  a. m.    Each and  every
child in. the  city is  given a; cordial
invitation   to  call at  the  store and*
receive   their   New Year's   remembr
ranee.    Now, boys and Girls,  get in
,' '       , ■■.'_' '■ *     ■_■*"'■'.
line at 11  a. m.
j .*, -■
The Trites-Wood Co.
5 Air tights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood, Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
,,t    JJ.W tli      l(i(..
Happy New Year to You
May Pc.ember 31 Ht, 1911 rntirk lho close of thc moat pros-
lioroiiH yonr In yonr lilf-tory; wo firmly bollovo It will tlo ho In
ours.   MuUo a koo-I start anyway, ami ro to
The 41 Market Co.
for nil your roQiilromentfl In  Moats, FIhIi, KggB, Dutter, 1'oultry,
ClitJ-c, 0:-".U.-j,"tic.
mi' wviilt] hvnr n hiil'ri'] ii! iiri'X'if.i.     TJ.
:y of speech may occasion accidents that would
, avoided if only tbe one and .tin, same, language!
ere possessed by all engaged in the conl mining j
t....t....     y.,4 M,;,, ,-j, „,; ,.„( ,.rr;„i *. .. .,.,,_. ,:        i
ie mnny advantnges that are credited to modern
■ I hods. The safety lamp is by no means nn un-
Wed blessing according to tbo opinion of this
■ twr, because with its use the (piestion of ventiln-
■>n is not given ns much attention ns obtains
iiere the open light  is used
It Is now finmeUilnif liko thro© yenm
Hin-.-? tlio fliHt j.rtictlnil Htoiia woro
n.iiil.-i to the ('.(oiripllHlinionl of nioeli-
anlrnl fllK.it with hcnvlor thnn nlr
mnchinos, nnd. to thoso who ronllzo
open light i,llu t**f*,*c**bli,!« to bo ovorcomo In tho
w-.ro liiht. wi»:re«.s, as many of (lie uc*'idu't.s|ft,,p'lrn,t|fm f,f H''1"'",n nlnnK »>«nl"««»'y
lamp does
if so full nu examination of the roof ns'tnijy
- caused by fulls of rock, the safety
ji .mit t
iitrt-h.     Ai-iording to our iuforuuuit, the re-
*M'iti of ti".-id<-nts o;\n \w effe-t-t-ed by ventilation
' fli'-u moi*.- vontilafi'oti.
iurlji'lnnl I'm,-, it Ik n uitiDor of.jiro-
Ifouiitl iihti)iil**liiiietif that «o much of a
i'-.*in.-i(l.iib|<_ dinrnctor should
hnvo boon *i'-io_m>llHticd In such a
Hhorl time, so much Is thin th« fact
Mint it in I--.-. ..inlng almost of ovcry-
jtU> ui<,uii*i-i,-i- to ti-nd of tr#»h r-wonln
in mio or dlfflcultloH ovorcomo, nml now
to tho wonderful uuhlovomonts of this
WXruX.   'nOIUH-inil   01   ill.   IflHCIIlllOi.   ililb
boen linked tho practical application of
thnt which a tow years ago Marconi
cronted nnd aavo unto tho world.
From Paris comes tho nows that Par-
man, that mont surcnsRful nnd mod-out
of nil avlntora, carrying a wlreloHH np-
p'lrfttui. on \iti.\u\ hU lilfdiUio, hul« ot;d-
cd In donpatchlnR n wireless mossnKO
fi'Otu a point uvor Due to VumaUlca
and other polntN fift-cen miles away.
Tlio mcsfin»e« werrt duly recorded, and
In addition to Mil* further development
of Jho utlllU--"*. of the flying machine.
Karainn Iiiih the honor of bclnx tho
firnt to make use of ihe wlrletiH apparatus \lln.*.l* hU-lli V>c.:._..F_r tintllllhlMlt-Hr*.
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
t i
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
25 to 50 per cent off
«WlMa«_a_|«MH_H___a_HMMM__^ ._^4MWiaHHIIMaa_M___B
Xmas. Goods at
On all purchases of $1.00 and over
Get in line early
Phone 118
The Jeweler—That s All
Right on the cor% r>-v
. •■/
'  A
►        M THE.DISTRICT SJSDGER-lffffR^^ 1910.
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♦. ♦ ♦•♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ •7- ♦
♦ COAL CREEK  BY  174.       ♦
7*':: ' .  ♦
'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦. <►-.♦-<♦ '♦. ♦
Thomas-Nanson, of Hosmer, -was.a
- visitor up here last "week-end.    ;We
are very pleased to hear that "he has
■ been, successful In obtaining a post-
*--tion as fire boss at the Hosmer mines.
J. L. Combes, of Michel, -wan* shaking
■ hands with old acquaintances up here
last ^week-end.
.'.' Quite a number of "Grey 'Hens," of
dwarf  dimensions  an dfull  of  good
fire water were travelling around the
• camp' last week-end.      They are at
' present being used by some' enterprls-
. ing saloon keeper of Fernie as a means
"   of advertising   his   Christmas good
. cheer.
<7A11  the mines were  Idle up here
from-last Friday night till Tuesday
. morn|ng.    " ' **
Born at Coal Creek on Saturday,
' Dec. _4th, to Mr. and Mrs. W. West
nedge, a fine daughter.
Th-5 morning shift at No. 5 mine
was laid off in the incline district on
Thursday, morning owing to the rope
. breaking on the outside incline.,
The, examination for coal miners'
certificates will take?place-ln No. 9
Old Office on Tuesday, January 3rd,
i9ii.;   ■■    -*        ..,.
The recent acts of vandalism that
have been committed by unknown parties are to be thoroughly investigated, and this-is to give timely warning
■to all-and sundry that when notices
arc posted on the bulletin board they
must be left alone.     Information regarding mining matters is all of vital
interest- to the workers at the Creek
. and,  furthermore,  is  in  compliance
with*government instructions, so that
not only will "these miscreants have
to deal with the company for having
. ruthlessly destroyed property, but may
.   come  under  the  displeasure  of  the
* government.' /
A large bunch of Creekites, both
male and female, "-'visited Fernie on
Wednesday.evening, in'eager antici-'
:. pation of a possible lucky' number in
the grand draw at the Fernie   Opera
-  House..   Danny Oliver was the fortunate winner of, $10 out of the $250
disbursed.    t
Two employees of the T.-W. Co. are
, ■ seriously  . contemplating'.' matrimony.
Particulars of the wedding will    be
.  given in a • subsequent issue.
W. IT., Evans wishes to .express his
..heartfelt thanks to those who made
.   the benefit concert such a huge suc-
Tcessr    "A~ fulli>"accdunL~of— this—fund:
appears'.elsewhere in bur. columns.'■-
Santa Claus- and   Christmas-trees
have been much in evidence the last
few   day's,   and   many  young  hearts
have been made glad by the presents
..-/.they have received.'   The first visit
of Santa'!was at the Methodist church
last Friday-^whon-all-the scholars*that
have attended the Sunday school, for,
the past year received a nice present
off a very nicely decorated tree." ' On'
Monday evening; the "Club. Hall *was
pafckcd with upwards of three hundred
children and everyone under the age
of 14 years received a parcel from
, Santa Claus..    The last year's board
of management of C. C. L. aiid A.. A.
nre to bo; congratulated on the way
that everything was arranged and car-
Tied out.    -Honrty thnnks Is'extended
to "the public nt, large for the kind
way In which they contributed.
A grand/soclnl nnd supper wns hold
in the Mothodlst Church on Wednesday evening, ,when n largo number appreciated tho good things provided.
Born at Conl Creok on Thursday,
Dec. 29th, to Mr. nnd Mrs;' John Chester, n flno son. Mothor, nnd son aro
dohig woll.
Last Saturday evening tho Club
TJnll wns filled with a happy and Joy-
. ous crowd eager to participate In tho
smokor whicli had beon arranged by
the now Bonrd of Mnnngoment. The
chair was tnkon by tho Vlco-Prosldont,
• Goorgo O'Brien, who gnvo n short,'
npoocli, Informing tho mombors thnt
thoy woro roqulrod to bo on thoir host
behaviour, nnd to assist. In mnklng tho
concort nnotlior of tho buccgsbob for
which Conl Creok Ih famous. Tho
following nro somo of tho gontlomon
who assisted in "providing the program: Joe Hamer, R.. Billsbbrough,
James Smith, Robt. Coates, R. Millon,
Jack Tyson, George Smith, Thomas
Hutchinson,- Thomas Davies, Fred Talbot, the . Brothers Puckey. . James
Dayfson was accompanist and assisted in making the concert a musical
success. Punctually at 12 o'clock all
dispersed _o their homes quite happy
in consequence of having spent a very
enjoyable evening. „
♦ ♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'''♦■
♦ ♦
♦ COLEMAN NOTES BY 22       ♦
♦ ♦
Hockey—Tho first game of the season commenced in fine style, tho way
our boys shaped was a credit. Blairmore was never in the least dangerous. It is to be hoped this easy victory will not make the players think
the cup is theirs. Result: Coleman 12
goals, Blairmore nil.
A fancy dress carnival was held
her on Monday evening. The ice was
In the best of condition, and there was
a very large attendance of spectators,.
The following are a few of those who
competed and to whom the prizes were
awarded: Miss Orr, lst, Queen of
Greetings. Mr. W. Stafford,' 1st,-Mexican; Mr. A. Gresack, ,1st (comic),
Hobo; Miss B. Hillen, 1st (for girls under 15 years old) Old Mother Hubbard; Master'H. Gates, 1st, Sailor boy;
Miss A. Hominick, Russian Girl; Miss
L. Blairs, Nurse; Miss G. Penn, Shy
Widow; Mr; H. Penn, Merry Widow;
H. H°6an> Monkey; Mr. H. Blais,
Gent of Olden Times;'Mr. W. Powell,
Indian Boy; Mr!"A. Benson, City News
Boy; Miss'Steel, N.W.M. Police; H.
Hadfield, Mary Jane. '
The gentlemen of Coleman gave a
ball on Monady evening, which was
largely .attended,. many coming from
the surrounding villages.
Mrs. Burnock had the misfortune to
slip on some "ice near her home and
sustained a broken ankle.    *
Fred Lock was the happy father who
received the hundsome present of,a
baby girl on,Xmas Eve. Mother and
baby are doing well. Congratulations,
Freddy! .   .
Xmas bells do not only ring for the
festive season but oftimes for festive
weddings. vMiss Marchell .took for
the future the name of A. Turnbull;
also Miss J. Prout joined hands and
name with N. Finn. We wish' both
couples every joy. .
Look out for a., good time on the
2nd of January, 1911. - The Lethbridge
high class-game at" football. ' 'They
are-bringing tlieir best team toi take
the feather from Coleman team.
. The Orange lodge met on Saturday
■for'rein statement. There was a large
gathering, the officers for the. coming
terp[i_ beingselectedo^It..was-agreed
tliat .tlie entrance^ fee,, be .reduced to,
'$6 for four degree's only, for a few
_\*5eek!C"wh.en,-_t will be raised to the
ordinary standard.■*■ T^ere are'a largo
number off-applicants, and we ,wlsli
them every success.
,, Malky Morrison welcomed his' brother 'froni'California a few days ago.
; .-At a!special.meeting of the Town
Council Dr, Portor was appointed medical Inspector.
tricity has "freed" the Southern mule
and now • Angus Campbells gasoline
■?otton-h»n-esier will "free" the southern'darkey cotton picker. The'dp. s
of "Down on the old plantation" will
be a dieam of the past and the more
prosaic, and odorous but withal profitable gsscllne engine's reign .-e...ns.
Thi« -oe-uns .an increased exod-xs-of
negroes from the South into the busy
maris of Northern Commerce, there to
incieas'* the army of the - Jobless.
It is .useles to express regret and,
equally as unwise to talk about the
destruction of labor economizing machinery, as it, is to declaim against the
trusts, as both are indications of the
economic trend towards the elimination of * waste energy.
One cotton picking machine can pick
6,000 pounds In ten hours In an ordinary cotton patch; a "field hand" can
pick on an average 200 to 250 pounds a
day, therefore the machine equals 24
hand pickers.
Mr. Page says.
'.'Although there have been many,
many experiments with cotton-pickers
,other than human hands since the
year 1820 (when a Louisiana planter
everything moves with a motion "of its
own. "The drum carries,the cylinders
around;-.the'cylinders poke the needles
into 'the "plant at the, proper , angle,;
and the fingers turn and catch the
cotton. *' Every motion is delicately,
adjusted.'., jThe fingers move ..fast-
enough to:catch the fiber, but not fast
enough to. throw it off.. The'cylinders
bring-each finger into place at the pro*-
per time, so that there- is never ..a.
space large' enough, for an open boll
to pass'through without, touching' a
finger. The" drum Is moving backward at* the same rate .that the-whole
machine move's .forward, so that .'the
picking needles.do not move horizontally through the plant, but merely
turn it liiW" --"... .' ' ■
"Whatever....".■*-.' .'problematical-results the" picker achieves in its revolution in the cotton.-Industry,. it will
loosen that Industry from the standing
army of pickers, raise cotton growing
to the level "of the other great crops,
make it an efficient man's business
independent1' ot•■•"■ shiftless, ■ Itinerant
help;;it-will make cotton a''scientific
crop and*' enough' of * It"- can- be' grown
to maintain our long-established t aiid
^.-Mf* i\ n -r* ft-. r\\ w__ _j_T _-
This Invention hns been heralded as
one "that will put* southern children
In school." Of-'this wb. hnve. our
"doots," as It Is moro likely to lntonMfy
tho competition of the child labor. In
tho factories! sweat Rhops, glass and
othor Industries. "Knock spotB out
of the tonnnt systom"—possibly It
may do this locally, but moro than unlikely increase tlio citizens of tra.ni*-
dom. "Save monoy nnd temper." Ah.
there's tho rub! , Most likely it will
do, both for tnoao wlio own tho mnchlno. "IncronBo tho prlco of land."
TIiIh Is Indood vory probablo, nnd
rlghtly.too, bocauso tho cost of production will bo reduced, llko wlso "oil-
minn'*-) nil ports of bad conditions, nm?'
Introduce n now nnd onllghtono-1 ora
Into tho rolgn of old King Cotton."
Hip, Hip, Hurrah! nnd Hooray!   Elcc-
*a2Z£^L3iiZ^'yrJ:- •"■'■'■ .'■-••y
.a.     JL JL   JL**
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Healed Throughout
keys in the hope of teaching them to
pick, the negro has ruled supreme
and those who have endeavored ,-to
make mechanical pickers have gener-
aly been held In the .same category
as the inventors - of perpetual - motion machines. " Mr. Campbell used tb
conceal his business, and* cover his
machines' with canvas to keep people
from questioning.his sanity/.,.,;. . .
"He experimented '.with every kind
of a wooden finger, from one an Inch
and a half in diameter'to one a fourth
the ,'slze. He put hog bristles on
some and wire bristles on others. FinT
ally ' he ■ evolved a steel finger with
slightly indented teeth that. can ' be
turned on a polished mahogany table
without scratching It, but that will take
hold of any cotton fiber that it touches,
Mr. Campbell progressed from a" horizontal cylinder to two upright cylinders in which the .fingers wero fixed,
then to cylinders in which the fingers
turned as well as the cylinders. * He
experimented with bevel-gear drives
and spiral drives, with.differerit speeds
for the fingers and cylinders, and with
many devices for stripping the* cotton from__the fingers after the fingers
had taken it from the plant.
"Then, too, there was the question
of traction. ■ If the machinery derived its power from the wheels,' as
if did in the mule-drawn pickers, every
time the', wheels. slipt" the machinery,
-stopped-;—and-every—time the-^-negro-
drlver beat the mule (inevitably a common occurence) the machinery would
jump into high speed. All this would
have been unsatisfactory even if one or
two mules,had been able to do the
pulling. But tho later machines took
.fourlor ,slx mules to do. the'pulling,-
and six mules In a, cotton ■patch, are*
worse than the proverbial bull In the
china shop. When the gasoline,engine began to be perfected, Mr.' Campbell gladly availed himself of it. It
is true, that his first engine had to-be
helped out by a mule, but for, the last
four or fH-e years the engines have
done the'work unaided.' Without
them It is doubtful if tho picker would
ever havo become practical. ■
"With little money, and less dn-
co'uragemont, with no shop facilities
near tho field, nnd amidst the scoffs
of tho unbollovors, tho inventor,spent
his vacation ovory year in tho cotton
Holds of Toxns, Louisiana, nnd Missis-
slppl,,wlioro tho thermometer is nbove
90 nnd a whito mnns* patience is
Bhorf*-, Truly. Inventing Is nbout 10
por cont genius nnd 90 per cont hard
"Tho mnchlno Itsolf Is about as Inspiring a Bight ns the gin was in
Whitnoys days. It Is a small gasoline traction englno, with two picking
nttnchmentB swung under It, nnd a
pair of canvas bags hung out behind.
It trnvols through tho flold about as
fnst ns a mnn wnlks, taking tho cotton plnnt botwoon tho whools, where tt
is picked ovor by almost .countless revolving Rteol fingers which catch tho
lint but loavo tho plant uninjured, so
thnt tho lator bolls may -mature. To
lonvo tho unrlpo bolls has boon tho
grent difficulty in making a mechanical cotton-picker, Cotton cannot bo
gathorcrt all at onco llko whont,
"Cotton bolls on tho Btimo plnnt
mnturo nnd opon progressively, making
tho problem of moohnnlcnlly picking
cotton oxtromoly difficult. A cotton
picking mnchlno to bo connnorclnlly
Rtir.eoBi.fii_ must ho nblo to pick tho
opon bolls without Injury to tho unopened bolls nnd blooms, or to tho
follnRo nnd tho plant itself. It must,
do this fnf.tr*.- nnd ul n lowor cost thnu
cnn bo dono by hand, nnd It must bo
nblo nutomntlcnlly nnd nior-lmnlcnlly to
dlxcrlmlnnto botwen tlio rlpo niul unrlpo bolls.
"Further, an tlio cotton Is not nil
rlpo -yu! open nt tho mime time, It
must bo ablo to go ovor tho nnmo flold
nnd plnnt two or throo tlm on during
Ihe spason without Injury to (ho plant
or bolls. Yot If you Htnnd In front
of tho mnchlno when It Is In motion
nnd sen the flngern whirring nround, ll
looks ns If it woro (toHlmioil ior slircdd-
in.. i<... i^.*-..,-! ,',*,.sit*.;.', til lm- huu'lHiix
n delimit* plant without Injury,
"At ono of Ihe demonstrations In
Texas, a farmer followed it nwhllo nnd
then stopped still hi Ihe row nnd In
means* a new and enlightened era in
the realms of King Cotton."   ,v
Np sanitary precautions were taken,
and-the little children were herded together regardess-of sex. Little girls
became mothers at twelve with all the
responsibility of, maturity thrust upon
them. Of a truth'It was a fit beginning, for the blackest of all crimes that
was ever. perpetrated, the damnable
one of child labor.
Although the picture is not now so
appalling, nor the moral depravity so
terrible, yet the exploitation is still
going on, and the child tribute is paid
to the god of'greed.
' The Homestake Mining Company Is
still making .heroic efforts cto fill the
places of the locked-out miners with
.' The agents of the Homestake Company, have been around Angels Camp
and Watsonville, California, and have
hired Slavonians under misrepresentation.
.'jLast week these agents, through
their brazen perfidy, were able to Induce fifty Slavonians to take transpor-
-Throughout nature there la' nothing
so woefully appalling, nothing so brutally cruel or so horrible as the spectacle presented by the .human species
when* for'profit it'exploits and sacrifices- Its own offspring.
All other creatures exercise the
greatest care and .watchfulness over
theirs, safeguarding them from every
harm, and. when, occasion demands it,
giving up their iives that their young
may live. Even-birds of prey have
been known-'p pick the. flesh from
their-own breasts to feed their starving fledglings. . Wolves disgorge and,
suffer the pangs of starvation in order
that their whelps may live. ;,
The entire brute creation Instinctively protects the young, as if in* obedience tb some natural law, and. it is
not until man is reached in his highest development that, this law is violated. It .is not until civilization in,
what we claim- to-be its highest type
is reached that man,, with a full
knowledge of what he Is doing, grinds
the bonej' blood and flesh of his children Into money with a brutality that is
strictly human he cheerfully offers up
his children as' a sacrifice upon the
altars of Mammon. * For the sake of
■prof it-h8rdoes«what«th9-Qwer— animals,
will sacrifice their lives to prevent.
Nowhere in all nature can the hor.
ror be duplicated, nowhere is there
such a'terrible.'example cf* debased
depravity as that presented by child-
labor. ... ; % , ' - - ,.
-''ftur present system:IsVresponsible
for it, for the,evil, came .nto it" with
tlie advent of civilization. There was
no child Jlabor as we know and understand' it until the early part of the
last century," when the factory took
the, place- of the .workshbp and the
workers' labor became a . commodity
The introduction of raachinorv for
production, and production, for profit,
took the children from play and placed
them at work. It was the deathknoll
to childhood and to childhood's joys.'
ThoroM Rogers, lu, his "Six Coulu-ios
of'Work and Wages','.graphically tolls'
how f.ha evil Htvud anil ho'fr* the curso
was propagated. This Is what he
"Nov wo como to the second grout
fall iri Kng. sh wages. As tho tlr_.t
was fjinded cn tho robbwv and mo*
nopolU'ir.on of tho land, so lhe second was fo'ind on, not tho robbery,
but tho monoitollzntlon of ina-juncv,
tho'Instruments of production.. Walls'
stoam englno dates from 1785; liar
greaves' spinning jenny from 1707;
Arkwrlghts .-pinning machlno from
1768; Compton's Bpliinin.-; mulo from
177C, Those with othor iuvnniIoiik,
revolutionized Industry. Adam tinltli
colebrnted tho revolution In 1770 hy
writing tho "Wealth of Kr-tioim."
Uousohold Industry wns ruined Factory buildings ran np llko wildfire;
capital scomort innd. What coir.pnnc*
l'-•ni* cf conscience were fell *-'*c*c
stilled by Adnm Smith's now nospol of
each for hluiHolf, MulltuiH dccluicd
tlmt thoro wns no help "If lho
poor suffered, why v*<vo they ever
born Why did thoy not stop having
chlldron? Thoro woro loo many people! England's clergy wero dead.
Tho lnnd Boomed ennHCinncolnss. 'Not.
•10 per cunt, nor 50 por rent, but 1,000
per ecu1..' snld n ninnufnettin-r, 'nut-.o
tlio fortunes of LnucnKhln.,' Mon
wnro working llko lini'iic* nu-l hom-nd
llko swlno. When inon piioiv Ino rx*
imiiHlvo, women und ehlldre-i were
UHDil, Men rocked the ciuill') 'vlien
tlioy wore not too drunk; womnn worked In tho factories, stopping lu'incely
a day for childbirth. Chl'd'en/>f six
nnd seven tolled naked In the mwon or
woro shut up In burning ami Btlfllug
factories, Manufacturers sloe I np
lu parlliuncnt and said, "Tho i hllilrcn
like It; why olso did they work? Lon*
jinn parlshoH Hold nr !M,v-i-*.| out or*
p'rinu children to tho factoilo.i.    One
I.HUl.ll.ll (<l. VI      ...Wfc.l_ll.l_     IU    til.,1      .-..Si
.(.hit [-.1.1(1 wiib r-viT.v ■wi-tit'' I-i-V*v
ones*, the horrnrr- ef the ayo -.eeniod
Incredible, H was tho triumph of
laii.iOz faire."
'tatlo'n _o"tbe~Black _-ltlisrby~repr"esen.
ing* that the lockout was called off
arid that union miners were now employed by the Homestake Company.-
This' falsehood was made out of
whole cloth; a3 tbe lockout has not
been called off and no men are working on the Homestake property, savo
the servile chattels who have sold their
manhood, and their honor for a job
under the despotic.,terms dictated by
a corporation that has resorted to
shameless falsehoods to secure strikebreakers. * ■
, The lockout is still on, an<\, no one
can call off the lockout save the Home-
stake Company, and such a lockout,can
only be called off when the Homestake
concedes the right of an employe, to
belong to organized labor.
Some time ago, In different mining
districts, the agents of the Homestake
Mining Company made the statement
that the company was anxious to get
rid of the foreigners, and for that reason the agents were visiting the wining districts to supplant the foreigners with American labor.
Now these same agents are in California resorting to the most Infamous
misrepresentations' to secure foreigners to take the places of foreigners
who refuse'to prostitute themselves for
a job at the expense of honor. •■■
The Homestake Company is as
shameless In Its depravity as the social
outcast In a "red light" district.—The
Miners'-Magazine:—f^ :
ing the day of nomination the registered owner in the Land Registry
Office, of land or.real property in the
city of the assessed value of five hundred dollars or more, over and above
any registered judgment "or charge
and who "are otherwise qualified as
municipal voters.
T. W. Davies
Public notice is hereby given that
nominations for two School Trustees
for the City of Fernie will be heldat
the same time tnd place as nominations for Mayor and ' Aldermen. If
more than ty/o candidates are nominated a poll will be granted at the
same time and place as elections for
Mayor and Alderman..
Given under my hand at Fernie, B.
C, thiB 23rd day of December, 1910.
Returning Officer
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Booms ~
Give us a call
Luncheons Served
every day from 9 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Pork and Beans Saturday
Store Phono 123
Houko Phono 180
em an
Wm. Murr
I am agent for
"The Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of which one
r,trial is all that i.s needed
_t_Q-prove" its worth. ,	
Try "CKEMO" a break-,
fast'food that is a* food
W.G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest     - '-' Alta,
Public notice is hereby given to* the
electors of,the, municipality of Pernie
that I require the presence of the said
electors at the City Mall, on
at 12 o'clock noon (1 p.m. local time)
for the puropse'of electing persons to
represent them ln the municipal council as Mayor.and Aldermen.
Mode of Nomination
The,candidates' shall bo nominated
ln writing, subscribed by* two votors
of the'municipality as proposer and
seconder, and shall be delivered to
me at any time between the dato of
tho notico and 2 p.m.' o! lhe day of
nomination, and in tho ovont of a poll
bolng necessary such poll will bo opened on
JANUARY  12,  1911
At the.Council Chamber ln lho City
Hall, of which ovory, porson,is hereby
roqulred to tako''notice'and govom
hlmsolf accordingly.
Qualification for  Mayor
Must bo a molo Ilrltlah subject of
tho full ngo of twonty-ono yonrs, and
not, disqualified .under any law, and
hnvo beon for tho six months noxt pro-
ceding tho dny of nomination tho re-
glHtoied owner In tho Lund Registry
olTlco of land or.ronl property ln tho
city of tho nsRosflod vnluo of ono thousand (lollni'K or moro, ovor nud nbovo
uny registered judgment or chargo,
nud wlio nro othorwlwo qualified iib
municipal votcm,   -
Qualification for Aldermen
Must ho a mnlo Ilrltlsli Hiibjncl, nf
thtS full ngo of twonty-ono yeni-H, and
not (llHr'iinlificd under uny law,   und
hnvo boon for tho six months procod*
wholesale: and retail
'■ Special arrangements for
Parties,   etc
Order your CbriHtma* Cake early
Apply   for   Price  List
Bread and Cakes shipped on tho
•  Local for Eastern Camps
New Michel
& Blairmore
I'rofoHHOr Hogon*' terrible iik-im-.-* uf i
iliilfpd In f-vprv ■flnculntlon of H'irprl««i Dile lon-lblt* n-rliii*-? Is not o**-"*   'r.vn ,
or uki ■jiiK'n'iy (-uiiiicd, lor si i.mi.v
montnry fnvonilRintlon mndo ilnrl* ,* tho
pnrloU lo Inquire Inlo tho eomlltl- u.i id
Fernie's Favorite Theatre
One Night, Wednesday, Jany. 4th, 1911
I .xloy <X: J_u<l(lr's Musical Masterpiece
The Bur go-
labor  reported   fiutfl  ihnt   m-
8cnrct*ly   believable.    Chlldr-Mi
forend to work twolvo how.*
with little or no Intermit***.---!! ■
iu partalui «>> fund U.;\t -<*.,_.-.
R. FAIRCLOUGH, £___*w?r
of  *Hlilt.i  lio   .v.ih  (-fi|iul_le,  profane
and otlirrwlK . winding up with:
'"Why, thnt thing look* llko It whh
rimlo to mnko snuBiipo out of a live hog
j and It's been over hnlf n row of cotton
land ain't hurt a plant!'
i "Tlit**- picking mnchlnr-ry Ir on two
t ilnims which hung trow Dw I nunc <>t,
. th«v trmrtor, ono on ench ildo of tho innd of tho <-onr**-i«t c-tmllty, tin
-. nmnn l-huii on Un* im*.i*lilut. »w*.uMU*4t' ma*!-: Lu t*U_._-_i _.U   aud ctnla *'
Uiu row.     An cndlcM chnln of up-.nnd tha l.t<<li. w«.-r« -tcrrun v ••
ilj-ht cylinder* of »-m-sll diameter foi* tnln. Two uhlfiH were, worl >•
> low ench other mound tlio drum. From Uiu beds tv-erc? ncier Allowc.l •<
itr-.-*.  cylinder* Un* needle-.i which do. for ni mntt a* one shift -.••*■
He vleVinft pToJeri hnrlrnntnlly Into lemjino work In ilie f.uioiy il •
■the plant.    When the machine Mam, *ldtitx. we... te.i.y m tako ttn.
h. -i;
K-r ■
.md I
, ni*], .*
■ ii» >
'.( r,
_N _W _#
mm mm    Am*.a,     *am* mmm   jaa* am am
Why, the Idea
Is it Possible
OU5 C- WEINDURC, th-e Ortjfn.it P«t«t* •_ ■jyv-M-i-if, and tlto ntme  Dig  Company  of  Pavorltei.   In.
eluding thnt Bewitching Chorua of KANGAROO GIRLS
■ ■■mill mm       <• 11 I ■ ■■  11 ■■■  .1 w
Reserved Seats, $1.50 and $1,00      General Admission 75c      Kids 25c "r?*
The Bellevue Enquiry
Below we continue the report of the
proceedings which were opened on Dec
19th, this now concludes the minutes
of that, meeting which will resume its
deliberations on Jan. 3rd, 1911.
Mr. Biggar: With regard to what
has been suggested by the jury, I have
a great deal' of sympathy with the
view that has been expressed, but as
I said before, the Company is very anxious to get as thorough an investigation as possible in order to satisfy
themselves (as they can only do in
that way) why the accident, happened.
I- have a great deal of sympathy with
the members of the jury in the view
of somo of them, and think* that it is
largely a scientific subject and oiie
that will involve a very'long and difficult examination of facts and information, nnd which they should not be
called upon to take.-, J.havo suggested
to my learned friend that possibly
that matter .would, be better considered.by nn investigation held under the
supervision of the Coal Mines Act by
tho District Inspeclor.- That, * how-*
, nvor. is a nintter that lies entirely
with Uic Lieutenant-Governor and
Council, _*n.l if he prefers to get the
opinion of this jury, we are to comply
In, Ihal rcspod. So far as the company is concerned, they want an investigation, but I do not wnnt, to involve the members of the jury or
his worship, in an investigation which
they should not be called upon to un-
-\n..i -i cin._T
it is your duty to find out why that
horse kicked him.
" Mr.  Cameron:    A very  hard thing
to do.
- Mr. Campbell: Excuse me. Supposing I show you that a drunken man
drove that horse on to him carelessly,
and thereby caused his death. That
man would be guilty of manslaughter.
Supposing I showed you that a' man
blew a trumpet, and blew it against
that horse's head. ' Take another one,
supposing that a man is standing at
the bottom of a cliff; he is killed by
a falling stone. It is your duty as
jurymen to find out what he died of;
by a stone striking the top of his
head. Supposing Mr. Smith at, the
top of the cliff threw that stone over,
he would be guilty of murder; if just
for fun, he would be guilty 'of, manslaughter. .You must find that out. I
say this, gentlemen, if the explosion
was caused by any wrong on the part
of the people in the mine, it is just
as much your duty, as jurymen, to
find out that wrong as it would be'if
a man were shot either by mistake
or intention. Now, you are sworn to
that, gentlemen, You.aro not sworn
to find out whether that explosion
was caused by carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide, but. you are asked to
find whether that explosion was caused by negligence gross or simple, or
whatever it might be. That is what
wo are all here for." Why  are thoy
Mr. Burnett: 1 quite agree that an
investigation, should take place, -but
I do not think the jury ought, to be
called upon to settle the question as to
the causo of the explosion.   -
Mr. Cameron (Foreman of the jury):
I do not consider the cause of the
explosion. So far .as I am concerned, I
absolutely refuse to consider any*
' cause of the mine explosion, as your
charge to (ho jury has nothing to.do
with that.
Mr. Mackie: Some of the gentlemen of the jury elo not feel competent
"(that is the way they put it to. rce)
to listen to an investigation "which
might take them out into a scientific
discussion, and io come to a conclusion upon that evidence that the men
had died through the neglect of themselves, or of anybody else. They
don't want to do that. ...However,
they are empanelled as jurymen, and
look to -you for the law. We do
not wis_h to request these gentlemen
to' do anything which they do not
want to do, but having heard/ possibly from the two that have spoken,
the feeling of the whole jury, it. would
be as well' to consider whether we
are not going to impede the scope of
the inquiry, rather than further it, by
keeping them-.on.- However, I submit this respectfully tbat we could
not possibly .curtail the inquest at
this-prescnt time. , There has to be
some evidence In lead thf.m7tQ_p.omo.
jury and the lawyers, or tliat this court
should be the scene of anything of
this kind, and I think an adjournment
until after lunch would-be much better."
The court adjourned until 1.30.
On the resumption of the proceedings -Mr. Campbell addressed the court
as follows:
Mr, Campbell: Your . worship, I
have endeavored to get iu touch with
the Attorney General's Department,
hut have been unable to get the wire.
I have carefully looked up", as far as
I could, the law in regard to the position of the jury, and the only cases
reported are cases of sickness, where
it appears- if a juryman is ill, aud
cannot"attend, it is proper to discharge
him. That only applies to trials, but
it'is the same point of law.. There,is
a difference in this case, however, in
that the bodies of the men have been
buried, and there is the*question of
exhumation, particularly as you can
see in this case the evidence, by appearance, of the particular form of
death. I don't think any fellow lawyer would ask riie merely to instruct
yon to go on with the inquest, to undertake any inquiry or anything of
Ihat. sort, because it is outside of my
scope and authority, nnd I think both
these gentlemen who nro very familiar
with law will agree with me that I
li'ivo no power to stop this inquest.
Mr.   Mackie:    Not   quite.      I   will
go so far. as this, it is within tho pow-
No time Phosphate
Of fir.: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; Phono 72
B. C.
In buying baking powder
examine the label and fake
only a brand shown to be
made with Cream of Tartar.
dead?-""What was" the "explosion?"
What was the cause of the explosion?
So that when you gentlemen say that
your oath does not bind you to find
out,the cause of that explosion, you
beg the whole question.
-Mr. Cameron: Wo understand we
are here to find out the cause of the
death of these men, and in view of
the* fact, that they are appointing a
royal commission I don't consider that
we aro called upon to go into the
question of the explosion at all. ' I
don't feel myself that, I am competent
to deal with a scientific1 question, and
as I ' told .. the Coroner^ don't think
my oath calls'upon me to enquire into
the cause of the explosion. So far as
1 am-concerned, If. that,comes up for,
the jury, after the inquest is over, I
will .positively have nothing to do with
it. So far as the causciof death is
concerned, I am prepared to pass my
judgement, so you can go ahead as
much as you like on that understanding. **  .
The,. Coroner: You cannot object
lo any evidence taken.
Mr. Cameron: No, sir; I don't say
so; But I won't have anything to do
with anything about the cause of the
explosion. I don't consider it has
anything to do with*me, .and I absolutely refuse to consider .it in the
verdict. .   ' •        '       .
Mr. Campbell: I- must put„it bn
record that the position must be ad-
jury, order the exhumation 'of the
bodies and empanel another jury and
go ahead as though this jury had never
existed.*    •
Mr. Campbell: I havo given the
matter fair thought in the last hour.
I am refering now tojrials in court,
because there arc no eases quoted in
connection with inquests. The authorities go to show that where the jury
has been sent out to deliberate after a
case.is over, if they do not agree then
it is the duty of* the trial judge* to
order them back and, get them to do
all they can to agree. I think we
could have no greater evidence as to
the integrity of the two jurymen than
the way they have objected. . One
man' is afraid of his bias, and the other
man thinks it is out of. his depth, and
that his oath does not cover it. I
think these gentlemen, as the trial
proceeds (perhaps I should say inquest) will perhaps change their views
and I ask these gentlemen to consider
as the thing goes along, whether it is
not the case that by the time they
get through they may be perfectly able
to do so. * K we cannot do it, and we
get our instructions, there can be no
harm in going on with the evidence
in' the meantime. As lo whether' the
oath covers the cause of the explosion
suppose the gentleman was sitting on
a jury to .investigate an explosion of
gunpowder, and the death, of the man
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 _j«.i ' _rn	
 -I- J Jl - m
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Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
Barristers and Solicitors ,
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street
' Fernie B, C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
to a conclusion; we have not got sufficient, evidence yet, in my mind, that,
they should be called upon to cohsider.
It will be a matter for your worship
to take into consideration (which it
is in your power to do) as to the full
limit of the investigation which 'wo
are entitled to, and it we are going
to have men on the jury to decide it.
for us—inasmuch as thoy arc not called upon, ns they say, to decide anything which Is not within the scope of
their calling—then we are not going
to get tho besl results. Tlioy are not
going to tako the Interest, thnt wo
wan-t thom to take, and I submit this
to you from tho District 18, they want
tho fullest scope; thoy want it In tho
most scientific way, as lt, la necessary,
and thoy, want, If possible, co-operation with the operators In ordor to
prevent a recurrence In the futuro,
and If nnyono Is to blame thoy want
to know. If theso mon nro not pro-
pared to do thnt, If tlioy have como to
tlio conclusion thnt. they will render
tliolr vordlct, thnt these mon mot thoir
dontlis by carbon monoxide, nnd nothing elso, wo nro not going to ho much
bolter off, except In this position, that
wo aro going to have n certain nmount
ol lltuniture which tho mlno oporators or laborers aro nblo to road,
and from which thoy may draw thoir
own Inferences. I do not think lt
Ib right tlmt thono men shpuld ho
pressed to nn Investigation which they
do not wnnt. to mnko, If that, Is tho
position, which I understand It Is, of
tlio majority of tho Jurymen, then I
think lt would ho woll for your wor-
ship to dooldri tlmt which thoy lmvo
nctunlly decided, nnd thon wo Hhnll
havo to tnko uomo other stops- for'tho
(Incision of tho other Hide nf tho question,
Mr.   Campbell:    The  jury   Ir  sum-
ninned, iih your worship known,    hy
Btntiilo, and lmvo to attend.     In order to -.-n forco ll, nnd do what Ih rlulit,
tlioy nro hwoi-ii.      Now  I think tlm
Jury will believe ino when I nny nH
nn   absolute  Htntoinoi\   of  lnw  Hint
lho Jury'H oath compolH them lo tnko
Into rniiHliIermlnn everything |-- ron-
iieellon wllh llio nxplnHlnn, and I Hny
II ho eonridniilly that I rink Mr, Illmriir,
reiireneiillng the mines, nud Mr. Mncklo reinoHfiillim lhe Union, lo conlrn*
diet nie If r ntn wrorifi*.
Mr. Uli;-.;ir:    No;  I think thorn Is
no doubt  It  |k the duly or tho Jury
lo iiHrertiiln why,
Mr. Cameron:    I don't wlnh to open
any f|ui*Htlnn or I In- law.     The onlh
we look in (o uncertain how IIipho men
met their deatli. but nn further.     If
there Ik an explnnlnn, It (lonn not nnk
lit id em-tun.  into Uio muj.e of tlio i'''Hm-.i  which  will  my  (no iii.tin-ti on
e.-. ,-,.■'.■ .',',, I'i!  :.\j.;  ..,_,  .*i,'.'.* .-,.■;.,.-,  ...,.._.    '!.(■  .'."'. '.*,   I.'*   *■■■   the  J'.'ll'i-   (iwiir-r'*,   If
he on the nui*-.- nf deiith. there In Mtijue In he laid ngnlnHl nny
Mr. Cami-bell: I nm not In nny one. If wo nre not koIiik In cot thnl
way iryltiK in nay thnt nn unwilling we Kliall not nttnln the purpOHO for
Jury nhmilfl be forced, bnl 1 nm trylnt? which Uie InveHtlgntlnn wn« flrHt ('(into explnln the prHtion tn tho* rentlr*. U-e|v«*il.
men on Dw jury. / nny tlil.s. nnd /j Mr. Unnii-lt: Had 1 known tho r.-.i*
wnnt you tn remember every word I'hoii why wo, wero onlled, I would not
nny  very,   very   direful.y,   hpcniiHo   I
milted  that  the jury are bound by
their oath to investigate this in full.
Mr. Cameron:    So far as the death
of the men is concerned. '   .
The Coroner: The cause of death.
Mr. Cameron: Yes.
Mr. Campbell. I don't want to
start, an" argument'with the jury; .1
am simply taking the law. ' "There Is
no question that tliey aro as much
bound to find out the cause 'of that explosion as thoy would he to find out
the causo of an explosion of a pistol
which killed a man.
Tho Coroner: Certainly.
Mr. Campbell: Another thing, lho
Jury is bound to .try the matter In
accordance with the evidence, and I
have to say to tho jurymen, is lt right
for hlm to say he won't, attend to the
matter beenuso* ho, hoars they aro
appointing' a royal commission. I
don't, know anything nbout that; I
have Instructions about this Inquest
and nothing olso, Tho position Is
so now lo mo that I think Bollovuo la
probably tho first placo In which such
n thing hns occurred., I would llko
to hnve n littlo timo In which to consider tho'matter, becauso wo don't
want lo waste your worship's tlmo, or
theso gentlemen's Umo. nnd I think
overy sensible mnn would respect tho
juryman who would Bay that ho doos
not unilorstnnd tho mattor undor discussion. I think It, would bo better
for us to ndjoum till aftor tho lunch
hour for tho prosont.
Mr. Mncklo: Wo nil agroo, ho far
hh thnl, Ih concornod, thiit thoso pontic-
men hnvo only ono duty to preform.
I wnnt to mnko my ponltlon vory clear
ln this matter. I look at It from tho
point of vlow of tho mlnorn, If wo
mo koIiii* to havo a comploto Investigation boforo these mon, and thoy
tnke tho position nt the Mnrt Ihnt they
will not conuldor tho ovidoneo wo put
boforo Ihem except In their own light,
nnd will coiiHldor only portions of It
which thoy consider nppertnlnn only
to tlio dentin T Hay tho lionl rnmiltn
ennnot bo oblnlned, nnd I thoroforo
fool In sympathy with lollln-jf thom off
nt tho oarllost poHHlblo moment. Wo
prnpoHn to go Into tho question
thoroughly, to cnll n, lnrgo number 6t
wlliieHHiui, nnd if tho clintrmiui or tlio
Jury Iiiih Hpnkon for tho roHt of lho
Mr. Camcrtin: I have spoken for
Mr. Mm-kln: Then we Htnnd In a
very difficult position, thnt Jurymen
ulinuld re-rum- hi perform tliolr duty.
What the lilHlrlct. 18 wimtH Ih hoiiicoiio
that will emiHlder everything, und luiv-
Iim InmnI It, will como to hoiiio eon*
[T_-1 Ai-iJirn c.
plosion; -I don't think I am qualified
to. judge it!" ' The oath, whether
they knew it or not, means this, (oath
read and explained to the, jury in detail).
Mr. Cameron:' It is a question of
what was said to me. I will not con-,
sider, so far as 1 am concerned, any
evidence or give any consideration to
the cause of any mine explosion.  ,
The Coroner: Indirectly .that is the
cause of the men's death. We. know-
that they were suffocated; but what
led to the' explosion which caused the
suffocation? Of course, you gentlemen have"just to,judge from the evidence that comes before you, and T
don't see that there is, anything to do
but go ahead. -
Mr.*" Cameron: If'T had seen the
policeman when he was coming after
me he would not have found me.
* Mr. Campbell. The object of an inquest is unquestionably to enquire into
the whole matter, and it is impossible
to chop the evidence in half. We
have got to go on absolute evidence.
Mr. Mackie: Then I would take an
absolute stand that we go ho further.
Here is a man who tells you ho will not
 i .1 __ il, _} r.„ _ r. nn p__  ll Q Vf__ 1 _1 l'P_
i_ui_;__ut._ —i.«e—c,-,a^i,l.u,-v..»,^_ -- -
going to submit to him. Either he
must, be disciplined or we must accede
to his request. He must be disciplined by treating the matter as a- contempt of court, or discharge the jury
call another, exhume the bodies, view
them and go ahead. If we are not
going to" get a fair trial, we will stop
It; The chairman of the jury Is the
man that makes the statement, are we
to assume that he Isspealng on behalf of,the others?
Mr'. Cameron: ,1 am, speaking for
myself.        ■' -, ,
Mr. Mackie: This is not going to
help matters, and although the other
man might forego his feelings during tho case, ho takes lhe stand that
he Ir biased, and is not, in a position
to give a fair and just vordlct. I
don't know'his meaning; -I was going
to say that perhaps ho might lean
to our side, but wo don't want it.
Wo want to know tho truth, and this
man is not In a position to toll us tho
truth. Neither Is tho othor mnn, becauso ho says ho is not. going t,o
tnko the ovidoneo into consideration,
ho I consider tho propor course Ih to
Mr. Cnmoron: I don't seo why you
cannot go on.
* Mr. Mncklo: Tho Crown Prosecutor says ho Is not going to split tho
evidence, and wo wnnt to go nil
through It. You say you will not consider lt, nnd I say It Is no uho going
boforo JudgoH who nro not propnrod to
tnko lho wholo of tho ovidoneo into
Mr. Cnmpboll: I think this Jury-
mnn In dotormlnod, becnuuo ho hnu
honrd ovory lawyor In tho room, whatever Hldo thoy mny roproHont, I my-
soir nbHolutoly Impnrtlnl, tho othor two
naturally loaning towards UionmoIvoB,
and each ono hnH said thnt n Juryman
Ik nbHolutoly hound by lnw to nhldo
by hlfi onth. , It Ih a-vory onsy thing to
sny let this Jury go, ompnnol anothor
nnd oxhnmo tho bodlon, but I know
wlml. it would moan to mo If nnyono
bnloimliiK to mo died and tho body
hnd to bo exhumed. I think It Is n
mattor thnt rcqulroH n gront donl of
enro nnd tlioim.)t, nnd I Junt wnnt, to
look up thn Coronor'H Act now to noo
If Hint eould bo dlHpeiiHed with In Uio
ovon! of It bolng necosfinry to not n
now Jury.    If Hint could bo dono	
Mr. Mncklo: I don't think so, Mr,
At thin point Mr. Cnmpboll rend out
In court section 1ft of lho CoronorH*
Act, from  which hn stnto.T 11. would
lo bn nexnHnnry  to got Into
The deepest vertical shaft in* America at any gold mine is tho Kennedy,
at "Jackson, Cal., which is ..-i50 feet.
There are deeper shafts In gold mines
at Bendigo, Australia, and on the Hand,'
South Africa. ' The deepest vertical
shaft in the world at.present is the
Tamarack No. 3, near Houghton, Mich.
It is 5,253 feet deep, lacking 27 feet of
being a mile. " No. 5 shaft of the
Tamarack Company is 5',089 feet deep.
The deepest shaft of the Calumet and
Hecla mine, adjoining the Tamarack^ is
the Red Jacket, 4,920 feet deep.'
contained in the chamber-of a' revolver-which had the effect of causing a
bullet to go out and shoot the man in
tbe head; in plain English, that a
man had been shot; would it not be
his duty, unaer his oath, not merely
to find If the man was shot by the
piece of lead from the revolver, but
to find out the' cause of the hammer
failing and causing the explosion,
whether by accident, or whether
It was intended lo shoot the
man that had been hit. It seems to
me that that answers" the .question
entirely. ■ My "instructions nre so very
clear that tho department I represent
want a thorough Investigation on
everybody's behalf, that I certainly
would not feel Justified in having a
garbled, or rathor a curtailed Investigation. I think, Mr. Biggar, tho only
thing we can do now is to proceed as
far as possible, and I will ask these
gentlemen—becnuse I think lt Is very
much to their credit thnt thoy hnvo
taken this Into their hands—I will ask
them to consider) what I havo said
in a fair way, as thoy have consld-
ored tho other things,' and sorl-
ously study the nntiiro of their onlh
1 myself would be absolutely satisfied
with their finding nccordlng to their,
oath.   '
Mr. Mncklo: I wish to register my
protest of laying beforo thoso men a
comploto and full Investigation, Ono
man Bays ho doos not euro whether
wo bring hlm positive nnd conclusive
evidence or not, thnt ho will not tnko
It Into consideration In arriving at
bin verdict. If that Is tho position
ono Juryman is going to i-iko, nnd wo
hnvo no reason to doubt hlm by tho
fact that he has made that statement,
thon why go on wltli It? Ho wiih
cnndld nnd fair nnd honont In saying
so, nnd lt Ih a thing lio might bo propnrod to ovorcomo during Uio progroHH
of tho trlnl, Jhougli It is a vory Borl-
oiiii position for n Juryman to tnko at
tho offHOt, that ho Ih not In a ponltlon
to wolgh tho evidence. Tho othor,
howovor, Ih n moro scrloiiH thing, and
Ih Hlmply a chnllonRo Unit tho ovidoneo
ho far nn he Ih concernod will nol bn
weighed. Your wornhlp hnn powor
to return those men to the Riiprome
(■nnrt, where llioy will poHHlbly get a
very mivnro lecture, and you hnvo nlno
the power In remand them from day In
In day mil until they cnmo to it eon-
cliiHlnn. Hut UiIh mnn makes n statement nt tlio offHel; he HiiyH "I will
not," ami nnlesH lie cnn he mnde to
retract 1 tniiHl. register my protest on
belmir or niHlrlrt 18.    Ifllio Jury aro! nPPr-nr ,     ki .,        .,    .
going lo dlHiigree, nnd ono man nny | touch.will.^AUornoy ««nori> ■ J •;
,  A. McDougall," Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
n x ,   ' •
and Dressed Lumber   ,
Send us- your orders
Fernie, B. C.
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
New Years
Fare and One-Third
for the Round Trip
Between nil stations on the Main
Line, Port Arthur to Vancouver
and  Intermediate branch lines.,
Tickets on Salo Dec. 22nd to
Jany. 2nd, 1911
Final Return Limit
January 5th, 1011
For further particulars apply to
nearest Canadian Pacific Railway
tlckot ngont.
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table  board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson,   Dining Roosii Mgr
On    first     class
- business and res!
dential   property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141. Meets every Friday night at
8 p. m, Minors' union hall, , J.
Jackson, President; E. Marshani,
Recording Secretary.
don't wnnl to spr-nk ns n f'rown I'mmv
r-utf-r, I nm not horn nn tt Crown I'rofp-
rntor, whnt I nm h.-ivIhk I any only nn
nn nnnlOKy, ntul I don't wnnt ynu tn
think n 1-i-iffn in tlii". A mnn w
hurt, ynu iiiiiIfrHtniid, ar.-.' In n rnn-.i-
•Ml). Ultd  >ipi|   ..(-III .'-lll'-li  It li*  'llUfil (th
Iipvp ipi-i'ii Dw with, liftcniiH-n I mi.
lucindlroii 'o Rtnrt willi.
Vhf  forniu-r:   Tlmt   Ih  n   romnrlt*
nl-If slfltomi-iit	
.Mr. r.iirnott: I don't think ll In, I
uiki- tin* I'm,ii inn Hint I um not •.11.:t"i■ I■ *
■V iVnllnK with Dw fi nost Inn nf t!i.<
i ._,'....l-,.t_,. Im>_'____n.< I .un |>U']*i<!U . ,1 '.i
Juryiwn.   to  in«f-*i>rt»ln   wli-f-ro,  when, j s'*" «f-t-**
.md huw thnt tn.-.n m-M hi* d/-fi!!_. V-. Csni'il- X'. I wtt **1 UVe t<i ,•.-*>-.
Woll, wh-.tt on- \our il'iMf***.. Ymir 1 -'■■•*. tioio U nn otii'n III tli<* tlrtii'li
(lulii-H s,r_ to find t.tii ll-.- ditv bo tU.-.l.j'i.'in:- n-.oro ,l-.«siuir(ih»*i U;*iu tlu* >.{ a
tb* l'*>'ir. ••■•> 'Atiif, tit. rroittoii ,c*..*i«*-*>'<»iir>r;.*-r„ ttnil rnorp full nt ler-hrtt'-nlltv
r.f ._<"'-il_. Sav lw dli-d t,t ;t hn.kr-n | *n-l I Ddn'< It U a fttotti. pliy thnt thtto
rlinll. 1l;Tfit',frbhf\vtr'Klf1:id Xix-n bornn.l'rl'fitWI in- nny b>rh»*nni» li*-Mv«**-rr th-**
.V,,.   .... v
iM.-Hfic.nt t-nfriri-* Dw 1urv mold hn dlH-
inmnnnpllcd nnd a froiili Jury cmpnnolj-
Bartenders' Local No, 514: Moots 2nd
and -Ith Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotol.
Aijrcnt   Fertile   Drnncli
Pellatt    Ave.    North
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
\i 0
• (
Call in and
see us1 once
* -I
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending .Commercial
and Tomist House
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Llq
uldato'r and Trustee;    auditor tc
, the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.,
********************* *****
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd and Hh Thursday Minors
Union hall.    1). Hoon, Son,
Typographical Union No, 555' Moota
InHt Saturday In each month nt the
Lodgor Offlco. A. J, Uueldoy, Sec*
Local Fernie No, 17 8, P. of C. Moots
In Minors Union Hall evory Sunday
ut 7.-IG p.m. Kvoryhody wolcome. J).
1'oton, Hocrotary-TfoaHiiror.
Amalgamated Society Carpenter! and
Jolnern:—Mcot lu MIiioib Hnll every
nlK-rnnto Thursday nt S o'clock. A.
Ward, socrotary. 1\ 0. 307.
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
Georgo Barton
on    Phone 78 I
p. o.
Box 308
H. H. Depew
P. 0. BOX 423.
4   tttil   tt.ll   ._-.'.«.,.   ...   *
1\txt\ nnv fvld-r>tw-f» fl online v:\D\ Dw ov
lilnslnn." tlmn  wo  nrn nnt Kolni*. toi01*
arrlvo nt any rniiriuslon, nnd If wo I
ui»' K'iIhk -nil 1 wiy wn outfit l» K<) on -■-  ..     „„„„„„„ ,,„„
.   .   ..       .    _ ..  .    in i        ... 'down horo to assist tno coroner tins
ony   ci   ho oxtent l hut will he iio***.*h- i ■""" " *■'" ■"•,■    '  .,_.„.,„_,.
hoon tiil*on entirely upon tho rcr-uoat
Mr. Mn-.kle: The Attorney Coiionil'fl
a*rt{«n In ■froii.i.lln.!*   n    ropronontativo
miry in n\vo Ihls Jury lho ovldoiu-o tm
in now iiii-ni! iiii-n liiiiiu \n ini-it nimHi*
Tlmt, an lho chairman of lho Jury
iinyH, Ih nil thnt llioy wnnt to honr
iil-out, nnd I Biihnilt Mint when th-H
Iiiih hoon covered, wn oiiRht t«. (Heron! (two, nr lot tho Jurymen retract
whnt thoy snid thin mornlm? and then
..."  Will   LW MiiM-l.
Tlio Coroner:   I think if thoy wor*-** j
:<* *!o Ili.it li v.*-uM u_i'l U. Au to.
■ In* mini, Uu*)- Juno lo _-nin.liJ.-r viic-ll. ;
t-r thofo jnon cnmo in their death .
lumi i|-']_*ni;o nr fair means, or culpa*,)
hlo m-Kli-it. hy tln-iiiaflc-?.*. U was j
im tlifhl In k«v **| am no. horo to *
ti-tcn to evident!- of.a Krlcnti."!*** na*}
f>ir*f f-moritiK thi- r-n*«o of r*ny rnin*- «*v|
tm.i,.i... rxttioom of tho Tfnltnil
Mlno ,Workorp' (lint in. by wlro, bo-
cnuso they did not wnnt to tnk-o any
particular part In tho mattor. Wo do
not wnnt tho mlno operators to look
upon uh im IjcIiik in the position of
Continued on Pngo 7
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
I.*,....     t ■   ,,i ii*>n      -n   r_ 'Pvr'.fi'"
T't-oBlBont*. V. TI. Hhnw, Ro.crotnry.
Tho Soutliorn Contral Unllwny com-
,..,„,.    ,,.IM    ,.,...1,,    (.,    tl.n    XXr,„Xtri r,,n„t    ,-t
*■■ ■•!  . ■! 'i	
Cnnndn nt Uh next go union for an Let:
I. Au liorixliiR ll lo conBtrin-t tho
f«i'_<i\.it..!. branch linen—(n) „froin ft,
point ru or near whoro tho main ilnel
croHKCR tho North* Saskatchewan rivor
In tho I'rovlnco of Alberta northwest-
for ..-nt «*■*>.  tntnae'i maw »^r*r^rtwf-*i»V,ir-T{*«r«r»»»>IllM'-»loti«lli»t_ to
wll M tttmr.. W tiift,,t fyic U.t. Mtrkvt ln-en, ti.,1. ring Tt#*. ntul tloat our
«■_.» |*|M. _r.iij.-i I- i'l. »r.L tl.mj en ihr itibjwt «i»r wrllrj.  lllJ.I. »l)m til ruf Iwiutb. Ill
ill.,,,* Tr*nm'* --••"-•.'■,, I-i,,-*.. l-bfti. r.Hbrtont   Si *.i *,,.*. vl«ttl«ln|\ mil v,W<n*i. »««*»
mul-Unpmt. li,iM*-*.lMTrt»^i. rntw.li. T-imnti.mn.tltV. Hi4r*itu>*M im*
f-*.*Vt»l m-***     .».# l(.*n .rt,,. K,,|4n4 IfcWTf -H.r,.-..,,,... .,(».,„ f*.n.   f, I*, r.-f l:„l.     *'   « .' »f
||MH4IWlWUH4(.ll4__UIMlW. AwtMatiiUrvfe.ttitt. »!     UllliK«»^t*.MU__»
orly, croHHliiK tho Athabaska rivor,
thonco lo a point on lho Poiico rivor
at or near Dunvt-K'uii. thonco to l'lir-
tiulp river, thonco Houthoily to tho
Nflchnco rivor, tlionco BoutliwoHtorly
to Donn'fl Channel, or to (liirdlnor'H
onnnl, nnd (b) from n point on tho
Klk rivor In tho Provlnco of llrltlHh
Columbia by tho most feasible routo
nnBtorlv to tho Wnlortnn rlvori thenco
onHtern to a point on tlio International
6uuiui.il>  tiour Cijuitti,
2. KxiondliiK tho timo within which
It may construct it* line of railway
froni tho cily of Vancouver northerly
and enHtorly by way of tlin Kootonay
I,       * -,       ,..,.     .       ,.   -.1...      ...      ,1. __      fit .1      Tjr__-r.
river in the Province of Albortn,
thence northeasterly through tho Provlnco of SnHkatchownn to some point
on tho Bhores of the Iluilnon'fl hny at
k'UHt ono hundred mllcH north of Port
Churchill on tho Churchill rivor.
". Authorizing It' to connoct with
foreign railroads.
4. Aiitli'irUliiK it ti) liii:it-umi Uk
bonding powers; nnd for other purposes.
Solicitor for tho Applicant,
patt-d ut Ottawa   tils   Sth   Jay of
N'ovomh'T. A. P.. T9I0, lH-nr
In the District Court of the District of
the Estate of Stephen Coughlin
NOTIOW Ih horoby Riven pursuant
lo llio ordor of IIIh Honor .TuiIko Win-:
tor, dntod tlm 2-lth day of Novombor,
HHO, Hint nil purHOiiH liavluu t-lalmp
UKiiluiit the estalo of STBPH13N
UOIKIHI.IN, Into of tho City of Spok-
ano lu the Stnto of WnnhlnRton, ono
of tho Untied mulos of America, who
dlod on tlio 10th dny of March, A.D,
U)00, nt Penile, In tho Province of
lirltlHli Columbia, IntoBtato, nro ro-
(|U(_u«il to mull by post prepaid or
.]..•.]:r<.rtd Ui Div iin:U:i.-,lt,tn:,l iMUluj*
for Harry 15. Shenflelil, to whom nd-
miniHtratlon of tho nalil catnto was
Bi-antcd by tho nald court on lho 23rd
dny of Boptemhor, 1010, thoir names
and nddresROH antV full particulars nf
their clninis In wrltlnt?, and of any
ocurlty held by thom (Bitch pnrtlculnrB
to bo verified by a BtattUory declaration) on or before tlio 8let December,
A.D. 1010, nftor which dnto tho nil-
mlnlHtration will nilmlnlHtor tho naflotg
of tho nnld deceaRed, nnd will not bo
lliihli- for nny pnrt thereof to.any per-
hoii lof whoRo claim he shall not tlmn
liit'ttt  t'ucuiv'uil   llOtll'O,
Dated nt' liowdcn, this lDth day of
November, 1010.
InnlHfnll, Alborta,
Solicitor for Uio
19-IT 10&^
^"Vi. -Vv
-■ . *    , . ^iyyiyi ■■'•:
..' .The organized mine workers of the country have been successful in
adopting a method of meeting their employers in open joint convention ■
for the purpose of discussing the conditions of a wage contract under
* which the mine workers are to he   employed.
Every wage contract that has been negotiated between the mine
owners.and the mine workers has been more or less of a compromise.
It Is -well, known to the mine -workers of the country that the propo-
, sitibns we submit to the mine owners have never been granted. It is
also true that the demands of the operators have not heen conceded
unless they were able to put the organization out of existence. Where
ever an attempt has been made to win a concession by the power of
* might it has been at a tremendous cost to both the' mine owners and
the mine workers of the country.
. There is some difficulty in several districts to have' all-parties comply
with the terms of the wage contracts in force and also prevent a suspension of the operation of the mines. ' In a number of instances it
seems that the mine managers are taking .technical advantage"* of. tho
construction of the wage agreements which seems to the men to he a
violation of the contract. In other instances our members, on account
of the failure to secure, prompt relief in the adjustment of disputes,
attempt to fprce tho issue and secure relief by suspending operation, of.
thb mines.     In other words, going on strike, .   '
„ The-purposo of negotiating wage contracts for tho mining industry
Is to eliminate the necessity of strikes, Tho best method to prevent"
strikes is for the employer nnd.employe to do their bost to adhere
strictly'to the terms of the contract. If a dispute arises the trouble
should bo adjusted by tho local representatives of the organization
and tho mine foreman, as they are the most familiar with tho conditions of employment and the best able to Judge as to the merits of the
claims  of either .party.
If they are unable to decide the merits of the caso, owing to the
technical construction placed upon tho terms bf tho contract, then the
officials representatives    of   tho   United Mino Workers and the op-
the questions'in.dispute. This should bo done promptly In order to
avoid creating a bad feeling and intensifying a condition that could be
avoided by the prompt action of all parties interested. „
■ To avoid a suspension of the operation of a mine ought to be the
desire of both the mine owners and mine workers. To prevent strikes
all parties must'make an honest,, prompt and determined effort to
settle every dispute In accordance with the terms of the wage contracts
now in effect. ,.,**"'
Tlie mine managers and official representatives of the operators' association1 should lend their assistance, to promptly adjust any.difficulty that arises.     The mine 'workers and their official representa-
* lives should be just as prompt to dispose of every dispute that may
.develop.     Firmness on the part   of the officers of the United Mine
Workers  will  do  much to  establish confidence in the minds of our
- members. , " ,
To. b'e. successful in the adjustment of disputes growing out of the
terms of a wage agreement, officers of the United Mine Workers must
be prompt in taking up a grievance, determined lo make a thorough
investigation, be sure that their decision will be in accord with the
terriis of an agreement and be fearless in- handing down decisions
regardless of whether they are in favor ofthe miners or the operators.
If our members desire to._continue the system of negotiating wage
contracts through the medium of joint'conferences, it will. be necessary for the members' of our union to give'their loyal, and active sup-
.' port to those officials who act promptly, intelligently and fearlessly in
adjusting disputes and grievances of every kind and character. Official representatives who endeavor to cater* to the good will of everybody
'and who seek to please'everyone in order that they may,be'popular,
can never permanently please either the miner or the operator and are
,  not- to be% .depended upon in a crisis. „   . *       *'
■ c, ' ■     " Yours truly,-. "*. ''
"Indianapolis, Ind., Dec 17, 1910.     ••    ,'     "   T7L.VLEWIS, President.
•:■'. '       r        •,    ■   ;--"■ . • ■:'«--- -;■ ■.'-   . -
Continued from page 6
having somebody scalped, and that we
want to get after. Nevertheless, under the Coal Mines Act we are prepared
to .produce witnesses to be examined.
Under the general law of coroners we
have to claim your indulgence, but
under the Coal Mines Act we are permitted to go without that. We absolutely, want an Investigation, and we
want to put it before men who will do
their duty, and not before men who
refuse to do tlieir'duty, because in
the latter event we would simply be
putting ourselves in the power of men
who will not do so. Why should we
leave the results of this investigation
in the hands of men who, in the one
case- says he will do It, and In the
other says he Is incapable of doing it?
If there was a method of spliting evidence: In' giving tho jury only that
portion of it- relative to tho death of
these people, and conducting the rest
of the examination under another.jury,
that might be a way. out of it, but my
learned friend, the representative of
the Attorney General, says it is not
possible to split this evidence, and In
that case I simply tako the position
that we want an Investigation before
judges who have, not given their ver-
can weli.:'«!lose4t|'.books'at present
and res't-asWed-tiat it has contributed its sharVib/tb".e;victims of.the grim
monstersrJwm'vth© coal mines. - Explosions', liiiAlabama, Colorado, Illinois, Kentucky," Vi-cginia, Ohio, Alberta,
Canada,* and other states have swelled
the death foil'to. more than its usual
average, a^'d-there must be many
sorrowful homes- in these blackened
coal, mining, amps. .When we, look
over th<_. lopg*"-list of 'mine disasters,
many of which,c:ould have been prevented but for.thpllistvfbr profits of
those operating them;'oiir' hearts grow
sick, and we are ready\to: cfy, How,
long;  oh, Lord! - How long! ,7.
With all our., safety: appliances—
locked'up in, a box—withv hli''-.. our
government expenses for; rescue stations and safety devices, the* . evi!
grows not less, but bigger,-indicating
that we have begun at the wrong end,
and preventative devices are the
things most needed.
Adequate laws, their strict enforcement and the jail for all violators
would do more to remove these horrors
than all the rescue stations In the
world, and until this* course is adopted our' rescue station operators will
bo kept on the go bringing but tho
dead victims, duo in nine cases out of
ten to the violation of law in order to
make profit.
Give us protection, a protection that
will  prevent these horrors, and  the
rescue stations can turn their atten-
| Hon lo . educational work and not be
all the time carrying an ambulance lo
r. bai u.tnitf
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
•    Gents' Furnishings
- '-r-
_A MICI.inM A IDC GDC_A I_*C_____1S
—/—* in ibhi-viini it u.—— *w»   wniw--—■   ■
F   V,--"-t*l W —
"d lcrin~ad vaiiceT
The Coroner: Well, seeing that he
Is only one of the jurymen, I don't see
that there, is anything to hinder us
from going forward. If they do not
agree, it simply means that they will
have to appear at the assizes in McLeod, when they may have the benefit
of the opinion of the judge. I don't
see but that we could go forward with
it,- all the same.
Mr.-Mackie: You take a chance of
going over it all again, that's all.
Mr. Campbell: I "am far' from
quarrelling with Mr. Mackie's position.
I would act the same in his place, but
I hardly know what to/do wllh it
- Continuing, Mr. Campbell stated
that. ,he considered the best thing that
could be done would be for the jury
to adjourn until the commission to
be appointed by the Department at Edmonton had come to,a decision as to
the cause of the explosion, and then
the case could come up before them
again, with full evidence.
•' Mr. Mackie: I would move,.your
worship, that the inquest bo adjourned until such time ,as the Attorney
General representative may get in connection with Edmonton, and receive
official instructions which will bind
us all. I think a solution can be arrived at, if the Attorney General is
cognizant of the case, which will dispense with tho jurymen for some time
to come, and will give us exactly what
-*WG=want-. ^-n       ..
of Incorporate greed.
Nowhere in the Pass can be
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners'and Sauer Kraut,
_______ _______ ___________ *
k**** k*****************~***kr*** k****"*^
I  'Us  pay money to white labor
Galpry Cattle Go. j
Phone 56 J
'. -'It .was a, vast audience of farmers
arid workers in a great auditorium, and
the speaker was a millionaire.
"- The curtain rose;   ho stepped forward and spoke as follows:*
"You' people amuse mei
"Sometimes, you causo   my—fellow
millionaires to bo uneasy, but--you always amuse mo—I know you.
', "You are a great people—potentially
* great—but* the biggest sot of fools in
-the world!      You havo moro powor
and' mako less use, of it than nny
class on earth!     You havo ono redeeming fault:     You like to hoar tho.
truth', even* about yourselves,
"I am a millionaire" becauso you allow it.    I can uso my wealth for your
benefit, but I am apt to uso 'it to
gratify    myself.     Wo rich work* together whether wo like each othor or
not.    You folk wont do lt.    You imagine sometimes that you nre going to
co-oporato,' hut you  'sooner or later
manage to mako a moss of it.    Somo
of your boat friends hnvo worn their
lives ouo trying to get you to co-oporato nnd failed,     I  could  destroy
any farmer or labor   organisation In
tho country by insidious work.     You
would not ovon know I was fighting
. you.     I would docolvo uomo of your
mombors and uno somo of your londors.
"You nro good peoplo, but no bottor
than thoso of othor vocntlonB,     You
are not loyal to onch othor     Thoro
is your weak placo.    Half of you cnn
bo bribed with a moss of pottngo to
dosort your own causo ami Imaglno
you aro doing n good thliiR,    You aro
suspicious,     It Is easy to sow tlio
seed of dlBcord among you.    That la
why I am safo in my busliioas of skinning you,     No, you wont stick together.    You can't iiRroe.    You can
bo gobbled by sidetracking Rchomou,
You bit© al a bait handed by an out*
Bldor nnd look with dlBtrust on    nil
tho plans of your organization.     If
you pool your products I buy off a fow
by paying moro than It Is worth, and
if you nlglit*rldo Hioho who noil out to
mo lho wholo world gots down on you,
und you aro nutlnws. hunted und despised.
"You think prlcoii nro controllod by
the law of supply nnd dniwind, and
thn law is bnynml control, You think
prices nro llko tlio wonthor—-Just como
nnd go mystorlously, You'vo boon
told Hint old fnlry tale nbout. prlcos
bolng controllod by thn lnw of Hiipply
nnd demand till you bollovo It llko
children bollovo in Santa ClnuH,
"floniotlmes your antics nro pnthotlc.
sometime., ridiculous,   sometimes   a
iliiii: u'aoi'WlIb, .Ki. llu.lt.} a(.lil)t> nlil-
11 slug, You wont stay on your Job.
You consult your Immediate ronvon-
lenro lon thousand times whoro you
consult tho ultlmnto good of yourself
nml clnss. Snmr- of vmi prr-frr letting Mio wlntor pass without. gelling
stovo wood for spring, nnd then hnvo
to got nut of bed nnd split It boforo
brcnkfnst. n» bad ns you lmt to do
it—and somo others go to work nnd
Jot thoir wives gntlic-r up wood io -rook
dinnor. Tnlk about n trifling not ot
fellows liko thut ovor dolln; uiijHilnK
Then thero comes tho bigoti'd worker.
Ht* Iiiih hiH m-mmlH to tin evuryiliinx
at cording to Hoylo Ilo ti up in ditto
,nl right, but ho will not ccmU-ncnd
ti i.i How with tho cum nnn 1wn\ "iy
joining with tht-rn and co-opf-riitlng
fnr mutual benefit     Uo toi-W ahlr- tn
you    .We do not believe that the general level o'f intelligence of the people
is high enough and their moral worth
OTTAWA—The' annual report of J.
Lambert Payne, controller of railway
statistics tabled In the house recently
shows that,the year 1910 established
significant marks in railway development' and operation in Canada. The
railway mileage of the-Domini on increased from 24,104 in 1909 to 24,731
in 1910; an addition of 627 miles. Of
this increase 519 miles were in tho
four western provinces.^ The figures
do, not include any mileage attaching
to the Grand Trunk Pacific which Is
officially regarded as "under construction," although over 1,000 .miles-were
in . actual operation' during 1910. It
Is estimated that 4,500 miles of railway were under construction on the
miles of second track, and 344 miles of
miles of second trackand 344 miles
of yard track and sidings were made
available Durlng.the past four years
there had been an increase of L\L79
miles of main line track, 476 miles of
second track and 1,003 miles of .yard
track;' a total of 3,818 miles:
■ During the year $10..:_ 10,271 was
added to the capital liability, bringing tlie total up to $1,410,297,687, of
which $687,557,387 was .represented in
substantail enough ,to sustain a genu-*
lne automatic - freo government If
the many must serve the few, we want
to be among the few Deep down in
your hearts you. dont blame us for
that—yoii would like to be among the
elect yourselves We can control
more of you through your prejudices
than your most self-sacrificing leaders
can by reason You dont know your
friends, and you,aro always ready to
sacrifice a general good* for a local
"I am really sorry' for you     I sue-
coed sometimes in convincing mysolf
that I am your friend   I think I would
would liko to. bo -   But you are too
close-fisted, * suspicious 'and treacherous for mo to cast my lot with you.
You treat your leaders too, shabbily
I can mako-you treat xho royally ns
It Is.     It suits mo bettor.-    I make
monoy, and with It I can bribe you
lo black my boots, clean up my back
yard, build mo a palaco, food mo anything I want, mako mo anything I
wnnt to wear, tako mo anywhere I
want to go, and your wives and daughters aro at tho beck and call of
my wife and daughters,    I can divorco
my wlfo and buy ono of your daughters
for a wife, and you think lt an honor,
"Who is responsible for this stato
of affairs?     Who are tho lnborors
and votors In this country?     Who
Is In.tho majority?       You dont ro-
itllzo whut your rolatlvo condition Is,
and tho, fato that awaits you undor
prosont tondonclcs.    Your mind Is not
on your business.  . Your wlfo can
mako fun of your efforts to co-operato
and complain ot tho inconvonlonco
and oven loss It causes you, and you
funk,    You young mon would rather
go to a baseball gnmo, a horso rnco
or a bull fight than to listen to thn
bent Inctiirors nf tho day nn llu vltnl
quosllons that concorn tlio wholo people.     Talk to mn about Iho Intolll-
gonco of tho pooplo—It is nil soap*
mills,    It takes thinking lo do things,
nnd ynu nro too lazy to think,
"Wo aro all aristocrats nt heart—
thai Is nniirly nil. I do not mean
lmughty, but wo would llko for others
to do (ho unpleasant work and llvo
on on Income oursolvos. Tlmt Is
wlint I call an nrliitocriit, You would
hnvo n cnstlo on tho Rhine ntul flunk*
ins to wait on you If you could. You
rond accounts of Hiiob weddings JiihI
lho snmo nn thn (mobs. Thn ilnlllr-s
do not givo ns much spuco to the ll/o
of n benefactor when he dies an thoy
do to tlio swell ©'pension of lho muting or $-10,000,000 of blushing nogoll*
.u'lici. \iillii ix !.>)■_,. ti.iljtsO.it iiuui-.i tin'
waves. The papers know' whnl tho
women In Democratic Aniprlm wnnt
to rond. Women hnvo more of nn Inborn sonso of instil tlmn men. HIio
rules or Is rnlfil nnd n rhnnm i-lrl 1«
ii rank lory If she captures wealth
and a fragment of snobcrncy.
"Ilumnii ties nro ropes of Hand.
Friends sender and members forget
ench other. We are sought when
climbing and sliunnnd whon falling.
Wo only got generous when wo lmvo
nothing, and lone ull hope of ovor
having anything, or whon wn hnvo so
much thut wn do nm near io over
squander it
"And now that I am done you will
differ an lo the utility of whnt 1 hnvo
hnld. Rom.* of you will want to mend
! your wnyc, and  oth*»r»  will
The Coroner:   We, would have to
adjourn until a certain time, of course.
'' Mr. Mackie:'   Yes;' say 7 o'clock this
, Mr. Campbell:    That is agreeable .to
The  court was  adjourned  till  7
o'clock In the ovoning.
On again resuming) the proceedings,
Mr. Campbell ■ stated that in view of
the stand taken by one of the jurymen, and the application made by Mr.
Mackie, he conslderod lt would bo
necessary to insist .upon nn adjournment. The. Coroner thereforo adjourned .the inquest until Tuesday,
Jan. 3rd.
! Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go,, Ltd.
j Beer
Do you save?
A time will conic when your financial resources will be strained to meet
sonic unexpected demand Will you
havo to suffer the consequences, or
will you be in a position to turn to
your bank nccount for aid?
" Deposit your savings in the Bank of
Hamilton now, and when the,day of
emergency   comes   you   will   bo   prepared,
J.  R. LAWRY, Agent
. Bottled Goods a Specialty |
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦••••■;
As usual, Christmas is made a tlmo
of sorrow in tho coal mining camps.
Explosions in Kentucky, Virginia and
Colorado recently,-in addition to those
procedlng thom, have brought sorrow
Into many homes. Tho widows aro,
weeping and tho orphans are crying
for the daddy that will, novor rolurn
to thom alive.
Tho history of coal mining haq
blackened with despair moro Chris-t
mns homos to tho-jnlnors than nt any
other timo in ,tho year, and this Is no
exception, Almost overy othor day
for tho past month tho first thing to
catch our oyo in tho morning papors
has beon tho account of an explosion
at a coal mino in which many of our
craftsmen hnvo boon hurled into otor*
nlty without a momeJit's warning and
homos mado black with tho night of
In looking ovor tho history of theso
groat mining dlsnstors It, is romark-
nblo how many of thom havo occurred just Immediately preceding Christ-
inns, indeed, so truo Ih this that tho
minors working In mlnos producing
flroilnmp or oxploslvo gas havo begun
lo drond lis approach, and aro Rind
wlion II, Is ovor and thoy aro loft
nl Ivo.
Lust yoar tlio wholo nnl Ion wnB
thrilled by tlio Cherry "horror and ils
awful death roll, In addition wo
Iuul tho usual nilno explosions to ndd
Inlonslly lo our feelings,   This year
actual outstanding liabilities on June
'-10th last after eliminating duplication
waa equal to $52,361 per mile ol line.
. Cash subsidies during the year'an.-
ounted to $1,789,723, bringing ,up the
total to $146,9.12,180 by .the Dominion
$35,837,040 by provinces and .$17,983.-
823 by municipalities.   In addition 55.-
292,321 acres of land have been granted, of which 32,040, 37S were alienated
by the Dominion. ■   Guarantees to Juno
30tlv   amounted to $127,336,337.   ,- The
public  service of Canadian* railways
was represented  in  tho carrying  of
35,894,575 passengors   and   74,482,866
tons of freight, an increase on 1909 ofi
3,211,267 passengers anil 7,640,608 tons
of freight.     Tho nverage number of!
passengors per train was'59 and the
avorago passenger Journoy 69  miles
The avorago freight train consisted of
311 tons and the avorago freight haul
was 211 miles.    Tho average passenger journey and tho avortigo freight
haul in Canada are the longest in tbe
world.     Gross earnings for 1910 woro
$173,956,217, a gain of $28,899,881 over
,1009, or 19,9 per cont.    Operating ex-
ponsos amounted to $120,405,440,   an
Increase of $15,805,356.    Not earnings
woro $53,550,777 or 32.3 per cent, bot
tor than tho procedlng year.     Gross
earnings wore equal to $7,034 por milo
and 'not earnings $2,166,    Tho aggro-
gato earnings $46,018,889 cnmo   from
passengors   and   $117,497,604     from
An analysis of tho operating ox-
ponsos showod that contildornblo In*
croasos hnd boon mndo in maintenance of way nnd equipment, so that
lho physical upkeep of tho rnllways
was well maintained.
Ariel don Is:—615 porsons were klllod
In 1010, and 2.139 Injured; of thoso
521 woro klllod and 1,441 injured from
tho movomont of trains, Tlio killed
Included 00 pnssongorH and 214 employees.
Accidents at highway crossings during year resulted In 03 porsons bolng
killed nnd 61 Injured.
The 123,708 employees Involved iv
woroh nnd salary bill of $07,107,793 as
com pared with $03,210,062 In 1009,
Mileage of olcctrlc rnllwnyu grow
from 089 In 15)09 lo 1,019 In 1910,   Cnpl-
delivered to all
parts of the town
Sanders  &  Vcrhae&t  Brothers.
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-^ ♦•»♦
Cord wood   nt   1)12.00
Rick, CO. U.
Horso nnd Cultcr for hire
!)!IAY1.\G   1)0X13
Apply, Wm. Dickisn, Phone 10
Fornie, II. O,
Quarterly  Dividend Notice
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at the rate of-SIX
PER CENT, per annum has ,heen declared upon the paid-up
capital stock of the Home Bank of Canada for the three
months ending the 30tn day of November, 1910, and the same
will be payable at the Head Office or - any branches of the
Home Bank on and after Thursday, _ the First day of Decem-*
ber next.
'""'    The transfer books will be cTosedff om "the 16th to the 30"th
day of November, 1910, both days inclusive.
By order of the Board.
Toronto, October 26th.
General Manager.
Pollock Wine Co.,
Special Holiday Hampers
(1In compliance with tho demand of our patrons ln tlio cholco of Liquid Holiday Choor, wo nro again -putting up
containing six select, assortments of high grndo goods in plain pnekagos
for shipment or homo dcllvory.     Ordors for Christmns Rvo dellvory must
bo In tho evening of tho 22ml Inst,
be accoptod up to the night ot Dec.
as received, ho fllo yours early.
Orders for Now Year dcllvory will
20th.     All ordoi-B flllod In rotation
Musical I'mill's niul DnnccHcntorcil
for.   The Ih'hI, nnd very InlM,
uiiinIc in tlw ilistrlct
Vor piu'tlt-ular iii'i'l**** to
Thoa. Ma«onot)llo, Dom 333' Fornio
ar 81II. Zaccnrro
List of Locals District 18
A...   t
ebaVo \ 2331
Corroded by District Socrctnry up to Novombor 10, 1010.
llnnlcliond  ....   V. Whontloy, llnnltlioml Altn.
II* •>■%.* | 11 I*-. 1 I TU 1
»» •     W i«i.>w»4|     tt'.u.^t     -*w._ C, _ _U,     V ne     it.t\,tn.t,
J   nirJ-e, IV-Jh-viK-, yrwj'X AJt.i.
.Tnmos Turnbull, MulniH-r-.-, Albi-ilu.
... ....,.    ,,.,u„
lUiilrinoro. •,
ml liability lucroiisml from $91,GOV.189
lo $102,01-1,9711. dross oiirnliiKS rmu-.li-
nl $17,100,789, a bollorini'iit uf f2,27iv
Kill, Nnl earnings nmouiitnil to $.'>,•
:i8:i,27iJ, nftor milking a 'deduction of
$2,or-3,7r>9 fur tiixos iiitcnir-Hl nu r.iuik-il
debt, «lo, Hlmirli* railways of f'liimda
innU-d ■IC0,9'II,*17«I pnHxr'iii'.ors In 1010
and Sfi2,2fM tons of freight, Ihiiployecs
iiiiiiibnrod 11,.T.I0, und tlu; wagu.i bill
was $.i,:ilG,777, Accidents led lo tliu
diiiiili of 'li.'i persons nud Injury of
HAMPER  No. 1—PRICE $3.00
(Wolght 30 lbs.)
A. It. V. Sherry
St, Aubln Claret
Snutorno T).  & 11,
Cherry Wlno
Mnrsolla Wine '
Old Port
HAMPER  No. 2-PRICE $4.00
(Weight' ,10 lbs.)'
Jules Coadon Cognac
SI. Aubln Clnrot
A. It. V. Sherry
Scotch Whiskey Locliorlcht
Hyo Whiskey, O. & W.
Old Port
0   Hottlos
HAMPER   No. 3—PRICE $5.50
(Weight GO lbs.)
Uyo Whiskey, 0, & W.
Old  Port
Clion-y Wine
Jules Coadou Ilrnnily
Old Mollow Scntoli Wlilskoy C & K
A. II. V. Sherry
Hurmls     Tliomns (Jregory, Tliirmls, Alta.
Canmoro .,
Colornun .
Cnrdlff ..
Diamond City
Kdmonton   .,
Fornio  I),
Frank  O,
.1. Nell, Ciinmoiu, Altn.
W. (.nil.inn, Colcumii, Alia.
Or  M.  UnvlcN,  Cmboiidnlo,   Coloman, Altn.
h. Huck'.ns, Cardiff, Alta.
It. Jones. Corbin, ll. C.
Ccorgo Ulticllff*-, Dlnmond City, I.ottirM*-***'.
M. Ilonlc, -1.11  Lorno street, Norwood, Kdmonlun.
HecB, Fernie, ll. C.
Nicol, Frnnk, Alln.
take caro of tilmiclf, and the other!your heads nnd sny, "Whnts tho use?'! 2.iri2
•juior d«'v,l cnn fin thr* sarn-n--or do nnl And there yon nrr*."
ti.-. cnn i   And tho curtnln full,-
"W'o mlJllonnlros nro not. such a Imd . Dnlly KorfnJIst.
-Tho Chicago
Ilosnu-r   T. A\t., Mnvmor,  II,  P.
Hlllcic-Ht  J. tm. ioi\on, illllcjvKt, Alln.
Letlibi-ldgo    L.    Mooro,    P.O.    «ox    113,   I^-thfiriilgi*.
MU"   W. I,. Kvnns, Mil-**. Frank, Attn.
Mnplo Loaf .... M.  (Jildny,   Mnplo   I^nf,   nelleviic, Alta.
Mlirhcl   M. niir/Hl. Mkh-1, P.. <:,
Passburg      Dnrrv Smith,  Pn_-.«if*iihG'. .Al»i».
Itoynl Collieries. James McKlnley. .Royal CollU-iy, I^ tlil.ndyo, A'.:
Tnbor  Willinm IIiihd. II. Tnbf.r, Attn.
Tnbor      R Urown. Taber. Alia,
12    Hollies
HAMPER  No. 5—PRICE $10.00
(WVIght r.O lbs.)
I McPhni'Hoii Hco!cli
I Wnlki-r'H Ilyn WhlMtcy
I U. *   W.  Ityn Whlski.y
I Old Port Winn, II, N. Co.
I Trim  (Iln,  Wilson's
I Hum, Toruulor
I Shorry. A. II. V.
I Si, .Iiillcii Cluri'l
I llrmidy, Lo (Inind ••*
I O'IJiIl-ii  IiIhIi  ••♦ Whiskey
I lllnclc Cherry Wine
I Hnulcriio  H.  Ai   If,
12   Holtlos,
0 Hottlos
HAMPER  No. 4—PRICE $8.50
i* Weight 30 DlH.)
1 Oporto, Morgan Hros
1   A. U. V. Shorry
1 V. O, II., 10 yrs. old Scotch
1 .1. lU'iuy Cognac ♦♦*
1 Hyo (!. li W.
1 O'llrlon Irish Whiskey **«
li   Hollies
HAMPER  No. 6—PRICE $12.00
(Weight .Ml lbs,)
'J Pints Cliaiiipngiio
I    Cfii'by'H HprTliil Selected Ityo,
1    tl. K. W,  li>u Whiskey
I    l.ulton'H Whiskey.
I O'llili-n'K  IiIMi Whiskey  ••*
I Opm-ln,   MniKim   Hi'oh,
I t'!oii-/.ali!/,'i. Sherry
I llrnndy. Itouvlcr ***
1 WliltHy'n Peileellnn Srolcli
I SiMitnriic. II.  i-v   H.
I HI. Aubln Cliiri'l, l-'rciirli.
12    HottleH.
Pf-ir.t! F. O. n. Fernla—Ci-ih must   neco■"-",pany  all orders
Special attention to out-of-town orders
Electric LiQhtcd
Steam Heated
She—I don't like   him; he'i
»lw«yt running people down.
He—GouIq or motorist?
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MPS   •?. JF.NNINn*., prtOnmF.TRF'M
Hot and Cold W-iUr L. A. Milli, Manager ..--__._.-__» I*---
/ .
*'    _
The teachers .and scholars of Christ
Church   Sunday   School    (Anglican)
. cn    tmii.
Bv. Wayne Fleet
erously contributed and assisted in
making the.Sunday School Christmas
tree and tea such a great success.
Required the whereabouts of Mrs.
and Mr. Arthus Hammond; also three
brothers Dunn, members of the strike,
party at Strathcona, Alta., July, 1&08,
when they removed to Fernie. Last
heard of at the time of the Fernie fire,
August, 1908. Friends anxious to
hear* from them. " D. Rees, secretary,
Gladstone Local Union, Fernie/B. C.
The Fernie Schools re-open on Tuesday, the* 3rd January, at 9.30 a.m. It
Is important that each pupil be present the'first morning, so that he may.
be placed to the best advantage before the classes are finally made up
for the term. Parents may remember
that the" law requires that pupils starting school for the first time should be
brought to school at the beginning of
the term, otherwise they cannot be
admitted until after Easter.
It' is expected, that the Board of
Conciliation and Investigation, consisting of Clem. Stubbs, Vice-President of
District 18, acting on behalf of the
men; W. S. Lano for the C.N.P. Coal
Co., and I. S. G. Van Wart. Sheriff of
_algnry, chairman, will meet in Fernio
on Jan. -1 tli, '1911, This board has
postponed its deliberations from tho
date originally Intended consequent
upon the disaster at Bellevue commanding the attention of the Union officials.
702. Force,'fraud, ond royal favoritism were theprincipal means by which
got tho land.- ■ ■    ,
AT"inimb'ei''_of"_nrdeiTts-bT '.Ke-Inter7
national Correspondence Schools held
a meeting on Wednesday evening in
the school office, over the Bank of
Hamilton, aiid*decided to organize an
I. C. S. Fraternity. There will be a
further meeting on Saturday-evening
from,7.15 to "-8.1FS p.m!, when an election of officers will. take place, and
dates fixed for a number of social
evenings, such as snowshoe tramps,
whist drives, etc. All Scranton
Scliool students are invited to, attend.
In Chicago that sterling evangelist,
Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman, has just announced an important discovery. , "I
know how to clear up the 'red-light'
district," said the, doctor. "Let every
woman seek out an individual.'girl in
this district and love her back to the
kingdom." ' -. ,
Without denying in any way that
old Doctor „,Chapn_.an has discovered
the spiritual 60G, it might ho observed
that he i_ applying it to the wrong
members of tli.**) social body. ■ Before
we can dispense with results we must
do away with causes, that is, unless
the doctor wants one ' result loved
back to the kingdom so that another
woman may have the chance'to take
the round trip: True, this process
continued would make splendid business for the doctor, but it is asking
a good deal of humanity to boost one
good custom till it corrupts the world.
No, the doctor had better drop results and start*with causes. To be
concrete, fifteen minutes every day
the_. doctor and his co-workers ought
to spend loving department store owners back to the kingdom; also loving
laundry keepers ancl sweat shop contractors and factory proprietors. Of
course, the doctors couldn't put this
lob  off on  tho ladles,  and  lt would
Land Own'd. Annual
Acres Rent 'Roll
Duke of Norfolk .... 49,886. SO.000
Duke of Somerset ... 25,327^ 37,577
Duke of Grafton .... 25,773 . 39,254
Duke of Beaufort ..... 51,082   .   56,226
Duke of Leeds  24,000    , 33,381
Duke cf>Bedford .... 86,300' 142,000
Duke of Devonshire. 180,750
Duke of "Marlborough 21,511 36,557
Duke of Rutland .... 70,137 . 97,486
Duke of Hamilton ...157.3S6"    73,636
Duke of Argyle  175,000       51,000
Duke of Buccleuch . .460,108 ' 221,000
Dukij of Atholl ... .7202,000 - • 42.0*00
Duke of Montrose... .103,447 24,872
Duke of Roxburghe*.. 60,418 50,917
Duke of Portland' ..183,000 500,000
Duke of Manchester. 17,312 •., 40,360
Duke of Northumberland    ."    183,397     176,048
Duke of Leinster .... 73,100 * 55,877
Duke'of Wellington., 19,116 22,162
Duke of Sutherland. 1,230,000 150,000
Duke of Abercorn ... 78,662 53,400
Duke° of Fife  249,200      73,814
-• o.
TO RENT or Sell,- House and 2 adjoining lots in tho Annex extension,
opposite Macaroni Factory. .Apply on
premises or to T. Kynaston, Fernie
Steam. Laundry.
•1 rooms; rent $10.    Apply, P. 0„ Box
-    By Eugene V. Debs
The children are to me-a perpetual
source of delight.     How keen  they
are, how alert, and, how comprehending! .       - ,*'*".
The sweet children of the Socialist
movement—the little lords of light,
arid love—keep my heart warm and, my
purpose true. - The raggedest and'dlrt-
iest of them.all Is to me an angel of
light. I have seen them, the proletarian little folks, swarming up but of
the sub-cellars and down from the garrets of the tenements, and I have
watched them with'" my heart filled
with pity and my eyes overflowing
with tears. Their very glee seemed
tragic beyond words. *'   * ' **■;:
Born within the roar of the ocean,
thoir tiny little feet are never kissed
by the eager surf, nor their wan checks
"of the' sea. ,
-' Not for them—flotsam and^jetsam
upon the social tides—are the rosy
hours of babyhood; the sweet, sweet
joys of childhood.* They are'the heirs
of the social filth and disease of capitalism and deatli marks them at what
should be the dewy dawn .of birth, and
thoy wither and die—without, having
been born. Theh; cradle Is 'their coffin and their birth robe their'winding sheet. "
The Socialist moevment is the first
in all history to come lo tho-rescue of
childhood nnd to set free the millions
of little captives. And they realize
it, and incarnate the very spirit of
tho movement and shout aloud their
joy as it marches on to victory.
Tho little revolutionists in Socialist
parados know what tlioy nro for, nnd in
our nudlencos they are wido awake to
tho vory last word. They know too,
.when to applaud, nnd lho speaker who
falls to enthuso them Is surely lacking
ln somo vital element of his speech. **
At tho close of n rocont mooting in a
western stnto tlio stngo wns crowded
wiih eager comrades shaking hnnds
and offering congratulations. My hand
wiih suddenly gripped from bolow, I
gl.mcod down nnd n littlo comrndo just,
nbout big onough to stntul alono looked straight Inlo my eyes, nnd snld
with all tho frankness nnd sincerity of
a child, "That wiih n grent speech you
mndo, and I lovo you; keep this to
romombor mo by,' And ho bunded mo
n Utile nlokol-plntcd whistle, his solo
tangible possession, nnd with It. nil
tho wonlth of his pure nnd unpolluted
child lovo, which flllod my honrt. nnd
movod ino to tears,
In Jnsl (lint moment (lint, (lny prnlo-
tnlro flllod my measure to ovoi I'.- wing
nnd consoni'iilod ino with Incrensod
HtroiiKili and devotion lo llio gront,
movement tlinl, Is (lout Inert to roscuo
Ihu cnuiillcsH millions of disinherited
bilbos niul glvo I hem the enrlh and
iill lho fullness llien-of nn their patrimony forovor.
Tho hwooIohI, Idiiilorost. most pro
Kiwnl. words ultori'd hy tho l'rolninlro
nf (Jiilllr'o woro, "Sntte-v littlo children,
und forbid IIk-iii not, lo t-omii milo
Mc; for of hih-Ii Ih tho Kingdom ol'
lion ven,"—The I'i*ogi*(.*nslvo Woinnn,
be hard work, and if he wanted results he would "nave to' work overtime; but it Wouldn't be so nearly
analogous to dipping out the ocean
with a tin dipper.     <>
.. And after all, the slave overseers
and women drivers were in the kingdom, maybe on Sundays or some time
they might get a pass back Into the
world and help Doctor Chapman with
the more remote causes. They might
take a long breath and love back into
the kingdom all the people that force
girls into ■ those hard, joyless, drudging, ill-paid occupations that end in
the "red-light",, district. Land owners and rent takers they might love
back, and all monopolists and little
thieves and big thieves and evaders of
taxes and spoilers of the public
wealth, and wasters and usurers and
parasites and all shreivd business men
with a keen eye for buying' and selling.   .
*» And when' al these were in' the
kingdom the "red-light" problem
would be'' automatically solved for
good and all, because the, world
would ,be entering the fringe of the
• Probably there is another way of
curing tlie evil of which the good- doctor speaks,' but* as, that way would
most likely7play hob with' high salaried evangelists, Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman' (splendid name!) had better
■5tick];to.theKpld stuff?** As'always it's
"t lR5D_oia~StTiff_fKar_ets~OVeiT     ™"7*"
TO LET—Two front Rooms, partly
furnished, for light housekeeping. Location: Recreation Ground, Dalton
Avenue.   ' Aft ily "C," Ledger Office."
TO RENT—Five room Cottage on
McPherson Avenue; bath and basement; hot and cold .water; electric
light; equipped with cook stove and
blinds.   Address,   P.O.   93,   Fernie.
' FOR SALE or to Rent, a two-roomed plastered House. Will accept reasonable - offer. R. Wright, * West
Fernie. „ 17-6t
LOT with three-roomed "House and
Shack: $380 cash. .Apply, Box 1011,
Fernie. ' 20-3t
Good location; excellent home; terms
moderate.     Address, Box 50'i, Fernie.
' 20-.lt
to rent every evening except Sunday
and Thursday., Suitable for.concerts,
smokers, dancing, lectures, etc. For
terms, etc., apply to D. Rees, Secretary, Gladstone Local, Fernie. ■
Stock reducing event that will make 65c pr 75c do the work of a
dollar. New specials placed on sale daily. Watch our display
windows and bargain tables for values never before equalled. Sale
commences Saturday, December 31st; be on hand to secure your share
of the exceptional values now within your reach.
~trwnce~onr~$m~tt^^ we wia present jreye qj cnarger
»   1st   Pair of White Wool Blankets, value $5 b
*       -j
2nd   Silk Blouse,  value $4    „
3rd   Linen  Tray Cloth? value  $2
.,,   4th   Ladies  Parasoly   value $1.50
Sih   One pair Ladies'Hose, value SOc
* Xi
* Some months ago "The Strand Magazine" published an article on this
subject. Tliere are 27 dukes'. They
own 4,239,053 acres of land ln the Uniled Kingdom. ' The richest duke Is tho
Duko of Westminster."' The Duke of
Sutherland owns the most land. Next
to the Czar of Russia he is the greatest landowner In tho world. Ho is
Pi-esident of the Tariff Reform League.
Like Sir William Lyno, Mr. McGowen,
Mr. Tudor and .other protectionists,
he says that labor-ought to be taxed
to prevent tho country going to tho
dogs The poorest .duke is tho Duke
of St. Albans. Tiie first duke was tho
Blaok Prince, who was created Duke
of Cornwall in 1335, Tho Prince.of
Wales still holds thnt title. Tho foi-
lowing list supplies the ureas of land
owned by tho dukes, wliich average
150,000 acres, and tlieir pay rolls. In
nifi'ny enses the rent rolls quoted form
only port, of tho lncomos of the dukes.
For instance, tho groat revenues from
the London fistntes of the Duko of
Bod ford aro not included, Tho Duko
nf llnmllloii nlso ilrnws £67,006 from
mines nnd aunrrlos, nnd so on. Fig-
in*'*- for tho Dukos of Richmond, St.
All-n.i and Westminster nre not supplied. The heir to the Duko of Montrose recently by mnrrlago acquired
nnolhor 102,210 ncros, rent, roll ,C18„-
*' LOST ^
 1   HCin^ 0'lQ-'lll-P'lQlfl-Toi'i'i'i''^-wrf,ni,_
ing strap collar.   If* found return to
Ledger Office.,      - 22-lt
..LOST—Transfer Card No. 16, Book
No. 19569, issued from Frank Local on
Sept. 26t'h, 1910., . Finder please return to Geo. Nicol, Secretary, Frank
Local, Frank, Alta,
largo St. Bernard Dog; black* and
white, with white breast,* weighing 130
lbs.; age about * 2 years. Was wearing plain leather collar. Anyone
furnishing information, that will lead
to' its recovery will be. suitably rewarded. .Two,weeks after date,'any
person .found retaining possession, of
the dbg will bo prosecuted, Ely
Hardy, co. Ledger Office.*
LOST.—A little boy's brown high-
legged boot, in the vicinity of Trites-
Wood Store, Finder plonso hand ln
at tho Ledger office. - 21-11
Boy, 14 yonrs of ngo, honest and
Industrious seeks employment,   Dnvld
Thornton, Old Recreation ground, f-nd
WANTED —Experienced   Girl   for
gonernl houso work; ono who undor.,
stands coolilng desired.     Apply, Mrs.
A. II. Triton,. Howliuitl Avo. 22-2t
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
sM9       "~	
. V-vv^'--    -ilft&y  ^-_l_VJ ©jGA-m
\   I..
Santa Claus has Looked the City Over
anil liu says ihat ovory ilosiralilo picco of H-al-i'stati. tliat is ojtlior to lot or for salo i.s   J
listed upon our hooks, and wo holiovo lie i.s rigl|.t.   Onr J
Real Estate Opportunities
£   I'or tlio small investor aro many.    IT you lmvo si veil a few dollars wo can load you to   %
|   a proporly ihat will ollor you an exceptional investment.    (Jive us an idea of what   J
you may want aud wo will hunt soniolhiti^r up tor you.
5    A. Bec.lt Block i. Inaurancc and Renl Estate Fcrnic, B. C   J j
-* :
» 11
Men's all-wool working Socks, shaped Jeg,-spliced Heel and
Toe; a Sock that will stand all kinds of hard wear. *
! Regular, 25c*.       ,      - ' ■■
Sale Price, 5 pairs 95c.
Men's Negligee Shirts, in fine Zephyrs. Cambrics and Out-, -
ing Flannel; of the well known "W. G.' & R," "Crescent" and
"Tooke" manufacture. . _
Regular,'$1.25 and $1.50
,;.    --..-   ■-./••,.. _    Sale Price, 65c...
„Men's Fine Irish Lawn.Handkerchiefs, hemstitched borders
'  --. '. Regular, 2 for'25c.' ,* „7   .   , '
,'■'-"-    Sale Price, 2 for 15c.       •■*■■'..
. Men's Duck Shecpskin-lincd Coats, high Wombat storm col-
4ai*7-a-eoat-unequallcd-f6r--v.^a_-'intli-arid-eonifort :—-—~—■—
•Regular, $6.25 " 7   * ■
Sale Price, $4.25.
Mackinaw Coats, your choice of several styles and trimmings-
among which will be .found tlie following. ■*■ r    r
An extra heavy Grey Wool, a heavy Black M ackinaw, 'leather
trimmec|j superior quality Black Mackinaw trimmed with red
piping, .very suitable for. curling and skating    ■'
All regular, $6,75;     ' '   7 '
Sale,Price, $5.65.
Men's Fleece-lined Underwear, extra quality fleece.'
Sale Price; 95c. per Suit
"Britannia" All-Wool Underwear; spliced seats, knees.and
elbows, and warranted unshrinkable
Regular, $3.00 per Suit' . ' ->,
Sale Price, $2.25 per Suit
Finest quality elastic ribbed Natural. Wool Underwear, perfect fitting and guaranteed unshrinkable
Sale Price, $2.55 per Suit.
A clearing of this season's Stetson Hats to make room for
our Spring delivery. All the popular shapes and colors to
choose, from,
Sale Prico, $3,45
A special message to men concerning thc special values now
being   offered in "Fit Reform" and "Faultless"   Clothing.
New season's models and patterns insuring you a wido range
of all that is best in Men's High Grade Ready-to'-Wear.
Fit Reform, regular $25,00, Special $19.50
Fit Reform, regular $22.00 Speeinl $17,25
Faultless,       regular $18.00, Special $18.75
".,    Faultless,       regular $10.50, Special $12,25
»       Faultless,       regular $12.50, Special $ 0.50
Faultless,      regular $10.25, Special. $ 8,25     '     '
Guaranteed all-wool Groy Double Blankets; full size and
seven pound*-* in weight. A blanket, at our special Sale Prico
lower tlmn the far-lory price to-day
Regular, $.125 to $3.50 Salo Prico, $2,65	
Men's Neckwear in n pleasing vnrioiy oi! plain and fancy
colors.    Won't last long nt tlie sulo price, so hurry I
Your choice, 20o. "
A clearing of all lines or Folt and Leather Slippers. An opportune time to present either a lndy or gentlenein with a useful 0ii't at a Hinnll cost to you.
Salo Price, 80c. to $2.35
m, «imii—mi -i * ——- ■■ i      in   i i  ii—u——
..livery pair of Boots nnd Shoes specially priced i'or tliis
Special' Sulo ovont.    Get, tho benol'it.  ,
Special Furniture value*** thnt it will pay you to investigate..
I*.very piece on the floor is reduci'il in yv'wv, all lho way from
hveiily-i'ivo lo fil'ly l"'i' •'■■nt.   Wo invite your inspection aud
mention but throo items nn a wimple of the good values hero to
' bo found during this Spoc'iil Sale.
Set of Diners; onrly lOiitdisli tin mil, leatlior upholstered seals,
beuulilul (leiiign iuul qua-lay _.     ,_
Regular, $2K.()0 Salo Price, $10.50
.Sin-fun! Onk DrcKHcr and Wnsh Stand. Dresser hns threo
drawers,' bevel mirror 10 x 10; hcsl -workmanship und material
innnifiiinnl A#%
Regular, $14.00   Salo Prico for two pieces, $0.00
Finest, quality Brass Bed, two inch posts, both polished and
sat in finish to solfet from
Regular, $-10.00
Salo Price,'$20.50
Examine our Special 3alo Furniture values and Save Monoy
Liidi-V All-woM Golf Conts j mnde with t'nncy knit bmly
trimmed with plain band around collar, front and bottom; in
Murk, \xh'Dt-, ml nml fin-y „
Uojsutor, *2.fi*V     Sale Prico, $1.85
Indies' nll-wooj l.'iuli-rwhts aud !)r«\n*ri.: iiimlo from two
itiii'iirii'ii SV*m».i* HUUhimjH'd W>.   FmUn-,1 v.UU nvlk fiuim?.*.
h^iiiiir:*!.'^ Bale Price, 85c.
White, Bed Spreads in large double bed size; free from
dressing. '   - ,. , t!
Regular, $1.75   , Sale Price, $1.35?
Wilton, Brussels and Axminster Carpets, in a range of patterns and sizes to suit all. ' Mere prices and figures give but
a poor idea of the exceptional values now offered. . .Examine-
the special Cream Sale Tags and be convinced.   Second floor.
White Lawn Handkerchiefs made from fine sheer Lawn with
narrow hems; suitable for ladies'or children's wear    °    ^    ;.
Regular, 2 for. 25c.  .      7     Sale Price, 5c. .     '° *
i .. ',,._-,".        . -*■'
33 Pieces of Pure Silk Ribbons'; full 3%-inches wide, in all"*".,
colors; suitable for hair ribbons'and sashes.. Good value at'
._-..__ _*,_*___*__-n_k___ .__#_£___! X _____»-_ ___. _.,___»_""*. ________ol___U*M /.__. 1 Ort  -  '
—x1iji^ui5ij._pin;-_.~vj.~,-a:fji_;r7|j*c_.~ y aivn^—^wjii*.^-— a-*w,—j-w.-*—-*-■;——--;—-.—- -
.  15 Dozen --White Turkish Towels; suitable for face or,"bath,
towel. *   A splendid quality;'*extra good value at regular price
of loe.-each     -•:■'■-     •■-.-••■•
_   ■"? Sale Price,, 10c.  ,     .     7    _____'
Boys' and Girls'; all-wool Toques in navy, brown, red and
white " .   „• *■ . i ' •
Regular, 35c. -- ' ','  , Sale Price, 25c'
Ladies' and Girls' Wool Gloves in plain and fancy, effects
, Regular, 25c;,.'  * ..       ,Sale Price, 15c
Regular $5.50 -all-wool White Blankets.   Twentyhine pairs
only; have pink and blue.borders and ends; all nicely,finished
in large double bed size.'   Full, Vh lbs. to the pair..
1 Regular, $5.50 Sale Price,:$3.25
Boys' and ..Girls' all-wool Stockings in a wide-rib and made
from'long wool. A stocking,that is warm and-will givo, the
best of satisfaction
Sizes, 8, 0, 9 1-2, 10.   Regular 60c.   Sale Price 45c.
Sizes 6 1.2, 7, 7 1-2, Sale Price, 40c. ■
Ladies' Winter Coats in tho season's latest materials and
trimmings. In plain and trimmed offocts made from broadcloth, beavers and wool tweeds
■*"    -I
Regular $10.00,
Regular $12.50,
Regular $.13.56,
Regular $15.00,
Regular $20.00,
Sale Price. $7.25
Sale Prico $7,45
Sulo Price $8.75
Salo Price $0.90
Sale Prico $14.90
Children's Winter Conts mndo in n largo variety of styles.
Trimmed with buttons,' velvet pipii-.-s and military braid,
made from beaver, cheviots and wool tweeds,     All sizes.
- $2.00 to $7.50	
Ladies' one pieco Dresses to bo sold regardless of cost or
profit. Wc hnve nn immense assortment of Ladies' one-piece
Dresses.. Made from servos, pnnamas, Venetians, broadcloth,
shepherd cheeks nnd fiuicy tweed effects. Trimmed with.,
.soutncho braids with hobble overskirts and plcnlod shirts, All"
Regular $12.00,
Regular $15.00,,
Regular $17.50,
Regular $21.50,
Salo Prico $8,50
Salo Price $11.75
Sale Prico $13,45
Salo Prico $15.75
Our entire stock of Ladies' Ifnnd-tuilorcd Suits nt loss than
factory cost. All this season'h goods, mndo up in tho lntcst
HtylfN,' Some plain, others trimmed with braids und button*-!,
with satin collars; in nil the scnson's novelty cloths, venetiiuis,
cheviots nnd sorgo, Of courso nt Iho Sale .Vices nllering will
bo charged for.
Regular $12.50,
Regulnr $i:i.5(),
Regular $13.00,
Uogulnr $22.50,
Regular $25,00,
Snlo Prico $ 0.45
Salo Prico $10,65
Snlo Prico $13,05
Salo Prico $17,-15
Salo Price $18.50
•uuiiirt-n'f- tViit-i i>ic,ini-n mini.* irmu iiii-woui .leiges, pununms,
Y€.H:l'lii.tS.     ]]iU,*; 'll! H  Vi'l'll'l)' l.'l jily)i:S _._i-l.i.._._y .Si'i.Jvi* .l.'t.VSt.'.S'.
Trimmed with blue and whito mil it my, braids,
Sale Prlco, $2.15 to $5.75
Ladies' nil-wool .Skirts*, mndo from Venetian, puninim and
i,,..,., ,*i.,i,..i, ;., ■*.!,„ I...,.,. ,,.,>.. *<_,,. ni,. «..v*t..i.
Salo Prico, $1.75 to $8.00
Ladies' Black Sntoeii,|Uii(lorRlcirts; mado from good quality
sateen with deep eighteen inch flounco; witli plenty of shirring
and tucks.
Regular. $1.75 Snlo Prico, $1,35
Ladies' Whilo FIiiiiihjIcIIo Gowns; made from heavy Knglinli
fbitmclcltf with •'inbi'mdered collar, cuffs* nnd front. All
 Regular. $1.50 Bale Price, $1.15
Ladle-*".' colori'd Mouses; made from dark nud light (.round*,
with *■•*••.!«•*, figur***-* and check ->ff<*ct<t.
11o»iihr, .*M?"i
Sale Price, 95c.


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