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The District Ledger Dec 3, 1910

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d     ./ industrial Unity is Store*,
i'V^vinclal Library S0*3ime 09
lee;*wive .^^
DEC': 81910    ^J] ■
Tho Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political "Unity is Victory
VOL. VI.   NO. 18
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 3, 1910:
$1.00 A YEAR
MICHEL MAKES
WITH VIM
s
Social Evening Under Auspices of
St. John's Ambulance-Brave
Deeds Are Recognized
CERTIFICATES FOR FIRST AID
I
I
On Wednesday night an entertainment was given in the Opera.House
* under the auspices and, for the benefit of the St. John's Ambulance As'so-
tioh, that was an unqualified success
in' every way.     At 7M5 every* avail-
able'seat was occupied clear back to
the doors and further admission im-
, ..possible.     After the*remarks of the
. chairman (J.-W. Bennett) a "Travel
' "Talk" was given by Mr. Prince who,
•  as the pictures were thrown upon the
' screen described them in appropriate
- language, thereby impressing a lesson
in geography that was at once * interesting and pleasing. Splendid sterop-
ticon slides were shown,. interspersed
with moving ^picture films, the latter
.enable    the    lecturer   .to    rest    his
'voice a little and the audience furnish-
'~~ ed a change to the eye from the still
picture to the moving one.
The journey started -at Portland,
Oregon, and traversing' the web-foot
... state ended the first part' in the city
'_, of San Francisco. V-
.   Mr.- Bishop  sang  a  comical  ditty,
which was well received.* '■'-.'
Dr. Weldon delivered a brief lecture on the advantages of" "First Aid,"
., also touched upon the plans for the
future regarding the study classes of
., the .aft-important subject.'   ..
" °    Mr. James Ashworth then stepped tq
-—tlie~iront*~of-th"en?iatfornini"ird~spoke"
of the advantages of men being* well
versed in the best, way to administer
First. Aid in mining camps .such as
Michel, where although he was gladl
to say there were bot many fatalities,
, the number of minor accidents such as
injuries to fingers, toes, etc., was considerable, and' the proper knowledge
- of'-how-to attend iothe same until
the doctor could be obtained* was of
incalculable benefit.,   .. v. *, .. ■
The large, gathering present certainly showed that the residents of
Mlchol were strong supporters of'the
movomont, and this was particularly
encouraging to thoso who have taken
,- up the work with such zeal, and the
fact "that thore wero 21 certificates to
be awarded to those who had passed
, their examinations, spoke highly for
the intorost. shown. Speaking of 21
ho said that this was suggostlvo of tho
fact that manhood was reached, and
ho hoped that similarly they hopod
that a llko stago figuratively speaking
had boon reached by tho St. John's
Ambulance Association of Mlchol.
•Andrew Matuskoy was tho first to
rocolvo his certificate, and upon handing It to hlm Mr. ABhworth oxprossed
Ills pleasure that ln addition to thla
ovidoneo of doslro for' oducatlon he
had also passod a creditable examination nB to tho correct manner of using tho Draeger oxygen apparatus in
Soattlo, so that now, with his combined knowledge of rescue and first aid
ho was fully qualified in caso the emergency nroHQ. ,
Tlio following woro also on hnnd to
rocolvo thoir cortlflcntoa. II, J. Lowls,
M. McLonn, FJ. Hayes, F. Spruston, Tt.
Pf*
!"
*:
1:1
k
»,
REQUESTED
Alberta Mining Gamps
Demand Attention-
Reply From Sifton
In our Ibbiio of Inst weok wo ro-
producod a rospluilon that had boon
->i mi->      ',ii.        r.        i        "-
!'.»_..._.•__     «SJ      __»(_     ..Ah'.wiilt.     _.Jt_...<__     tit
lurlrlct a'o. ]S n-l.illvc to the need
for a commission to be appointed for
tho purpose of investigating tho conditions of conl mlnos nnd mining
camps throughout tlio provlnco of Alborta nnd below Is a copy of reply
thoroto:
Edmonton,
Nov. 28, 1010.
Door Blr,—
Your lottor enclosing n copy of
thn rpsol-ii'lfiii nnnnod nt thn Expcii-
llvo Hoard Mooting lias beon rocolvod.
As you ore aware considerable
ovidoneo wan takon somo time ago
by a commissioner on tho point*
you mention, and thc necessity for
fnrthor Investigation will bo considered by the gorf-i-nine-nt.
Ynttrtt vory truly,
ARTHUR L. SIFTON.
A. J. Carter, Est..,
Secretary, United Mlno Worker*,
Penile, D, C.
Spruston, T. Cunliffe, J. Mason, W.
Blaney,cN. Fraser, T. G. Armstrong.*
The names of those who were at
work, hence unable to attend, will be
found in the complete list published
elsewhere. ■
Then followed the reading of a letter from the Whitehaven Colliery Co.
regarding the heroic services rendered
on the. fateful day, and commenting
upon the same,'. Mr. Ashworth said
that there is far more courage displayed by those who go down into the
mines to "rescue their unfortunate fellow workers than on the battlefield, because inathe latter case there is,a
kind of exhilaration, a passion, so to
speak that is absent among the volunteers in a mining accident, who calmly court death in their efforts on behalf of humanity instead of going forth
to slay. The reason doubtless that
the medals had been delayed was probably that these brave men who were
now working in Michel with that modesty that is characteristic of men of
their, type, had left England without
any thought regarding themselves as
worthy of special consideration because they had only done what they
felt was their bounden duty' without
any thought of reward. * He regretted
■that-tho _nedal3-had,Tnot-arrived7-but-
felt that he expressed 'the sentiments
of all.present in congratulating Messrs
Humphries, Branch and Ferguson for
the noble work they had done and
knew that when the medals did arrive
they would be dearly prized.
The next item on the programme
was the second part of the "Travel
Talk,' resuming at tho city of San
Francisco, and views of points of interest were thrown upon the canvas
until the'southern border of the flower
bespangled state was reached. ■** Following this were some moving pictures
of a lighter tone which created roars
of laughter.,
Below is a letter addressed to Mr.
Prlnco which- speaks for itsolf, and
we aro glad to say that a tidy sum
was netted for the-association.
Tho operator, of tho mnchlno said
that Coleman furnished the best electric light service of any -place visited,
and was better by far than at,Mlchol.
A meeting of the St. John's Ambulance Association waB held in Crahan's
Hall on Sunday, Nov. 27th, for the election of officers for,tho commencement
of their second yonr; Tho following
officers wero appointed:
Hon . Prosldont, Jnmos Ashworth;
President, T. Spruston; Vice-President,
Jos. Mason; Soc.-Treao. T. G. Armstrong. Committee: John Moovos,
Thomas Mathers, Thomas Cunliffe,
Alec, Dorbyshlro.
It wns docldud to send away for a
St. John's Ambulnnc. itrotchor, splints
bnndngos and books as tho prosont
supply Ib Iwul'.qunlo for tho clasa,
Tlio following Ib a copy of a letter
fcrwnrdod by the socloty to Mr, Prlnco
the "Travel Talk" man.
Mlchol,
Doc. I tU. 11)10.
Frodorlek W. I-rlnco, Esq.,
Fornie, B, C.
Donr Sir,—Tho St. John's Ambulance Association, Mlchol Branch, do-
nlro to thank you for tlio geographical
trout and lucid oxplannllon which yon
gavo Inst night In your llliistrntod (rip
through Orogon nntl California Tlm
ontortnlnmont will provo to bo u (11b-
tlnct flnnnclnl iiHBlHtnnco to this
branch, Tlio Crow'n Nost Conl Company wnH tlio first conl company In
llrltlnh Columbia to orgnnlzo classes
In first nld to tlio Injured, -ind In tho
fit, John's Ambtilrtnco Association.
Thoro wnro over COO (tckutB Bold tor
tho ontortnlnmont, nntl wo lind .t packed houso.
YourB truilyt
(Hlgnod) JAM.-IS AHIIWORTJI,
Hon. Vrvm.
(Slgnod) T. O. ARMSTRONG,
ftoo.'Tronn.
Tho following Ib n list of tho men
v.itu .uidteii u.''t._.ca(ui. o. competency;
M. Joyco. J, McLood, B. J. Lowls. M.
Mcl/onn, 11. Chootlinm, R. Evans, H.
LowIb, T. SpniBton, T. Cunllffo,
O. flnnncpr IT. Snntitnn ,T Mnonti
W, Dlnntiy, J. Mooro, J. Derbyshire*. N. Frnscr. H. Whito. A. Matuskoy, T. O, Armstrong, H. Hnyos, If. 8.
Klrkoborg.
Tho gross receipts woro 1320,00,
Further particulars will bo given tn a
lator Issuo.
OFFICIAL CIRCULAR
■**
Editor, Mine Workers' Journal:        It '•    ! "~~
What is the interstate joint movement? What was its object, and what has it accomplished? These
are the questions that every mine worker and every mine owner of the country should be able to * promptly
and intelligently answer.,, P" ,       '
The interstate joint movement'is simply a method agreed upon by which the representatives of'the miners
and operators of Western Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois met together in what is known as a joint
convention for the purpose of exchanging propositions, discussing the mining situation, presenting argument
and fact3 in defense of their respective positions and finally agreeing (if possible) upon the terms' of a wage
contract for the mine workers of the central competitive field for a fixed period of time.
While the primary object of the interstate joint movement was to arrange wage contracts and avoid strikes
and Indiscriminate suspensions of "the operation of the mines, there was still another object which had to be
considered—the competitive relation of one mine owner with another, the peculiar formation and condition of
veins of coal, the division of the markets into local and, general, steam and domestic, coupled with the diversified transportatron facilities made it difficult and complicated work to arrange wage contracts that would be
equitable to all parties interested.     *■'..-. .
The object of the interstate movement was not only to arrange wage contracts for the purpose-.of giving
stability to the mining industry,, but to arrange those wage contracts on such a basis as would give each mine
owner an equal opportunity to secure a share of the general as well as the local markets. To give each mine
owner an equal opportunity as well as to protect the rights of the mine workers, there are ,a great many
things to be considered. The thickness of the seams of coal, the physical.conditions of the veins, the real
capital invested the market requirements and opportunities, the shipping facilities, the selling price of coal,
the cost of production, the earning power of the mine workers, and the cost of living. A practical knowledge of all those phases of the mining industry is necessary for intelligent conclusions In arranging an interstate wage contract. ■*-- " ' ...
.--The first, interstate' movement was organized in 1886 and met with varying success and failure until it
went out of existence. Its history, until 1898, I shall not review at this .Ijime. At the close of the great
miners' struggle' of ,1897, the interstate joint movement was re-established and an interstate joint convention
was called to meet in Chicago in January, 1898; for the purpose bf agreeing upon the terms of a wage scale
for mining and day labor and a uniform work day.  *.     .
When the operators' and miners' representatives of Western Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and a
part of West Virginia met in Chicago in January, 1898, it is known "to the older miners that the recognized
work day* ranged from eight and a half hours in the Massillon district of Ohio to ten hours, in Illinois and
Pennsylvannia. There were all kinds of screens, with any length or dimensions of bar and little regard for
tho space between the bars in the* screen. It is well known there is no uniformity of wages paid the
different classes of day labor.   ' *        ■■      _ '
The Chicago interstate joint convention established the eight-hour work day. It established a uniform
day wage .scale for' certain classes of labor. It advanced wages 20 per cent. It gave to Illinois a run-of-
mine system. This was all accomplished without suspending work at the mines. The work began in Chicago
joint convention in 1898 has grown until the joint conference method of arranging wage contracts has extended to include the States of West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Michigan, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Okla-'
homa, Arkansas, Texas, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Washington and three of the provinces of "Canada.'
It is a matter of keen regret that the work so -well began in Chicago in 189S has not grown more
powerful and inspired more confidence in the minds of those who havo done so much for the interstate joint
movement. While the joint conference method of arranging- wage contracts has extended all over* the country, the original.interstate joint movement went out of existence in 1906, and was partially re-established in
1908 only to be completely disbanded this year.
The, joint conference method of arranging wage contracts has been, indirectly the cause, of advancing
wages of the mine workers' about 100 per cent, in the central mining states. u It has given stability to the mining industry and-it should be continued, but cannot be permanently re-established until, new methods are
adopted.- Personal animosities, personal ambitions, personal advantages and special privileges can' have no
place in the interstate, joint movement if it is to be a permanent benefit to those who are depending for'theii1
existence  directly  upon  the  mining industry. ' '    „
Why the interstate joint movement was.not re-os'tablishcd this year will be explained in my next article..
___V_n_lr_!___,_ rl_lv__
Ed.—Article will be in our issue of December 10th.
T. L. LEWIS.
CLARK'S   SHOW
Bruce's' Hall has' been remodelled
and the latest pattern imderwriters's
flecklesa portable machine installed,
and will present a* fine programme
bf moving pictures on Sunday night.
Tho Clark Moving Picture .Vaudeville Co., of the Pantages and Orph-
eum Theatre of Vancouver, B. C,
will present one of the finest' illusions ever shown In Canada. This
is on© of Herman and Kellars greatest features,     Watch for handbills,,
CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF
FERNIE
, Court of Revision
Public notico Is hereby glvon that a
Court of Revision for tho purposo of
correcting and revising tho municipal
votors list of tho City of Fernie, B. C,
will bo hold In the Council Chamber of
the City Hall, Fornie, on Saturday, tho
10th day of December, 1910, nt tho
hour of olght, o'clock p.m.
S. W. BARCLAY,
City Clork,
DISTRICT  BOARD  MEETING
A Bpoclal i mooting of tho District
Exocutlvo Board was hold at Blnirmoro, Alta,, on Wednesday. Nov. 30,
Thoro woro prosont W. B, Powoll, pre-
flidont; C, Stubbs, vico-presldont; A.
J. Carter, Bec.-treas,, and Bonn! mombors John O. Jones of Hillcrest, Altn.,
and J. 13, Smith of Coal Crook. Tho
business transacted was BOloly of an
exocutlvo charaulcr lionco tlotnilB of
snmo will bo forwarded to tho ros-
poet Ivo local unions In duo course.
A. F. L. CONVENTION
IN SYMPATHY VOTE
FOR FEDORENKO
All Scotchmen, old nnd young, of
Scotch pnronts on olthor «ldo, nro ur-
gontly roquoBtod to nttoml a mooting to
ho hold nt tho offlco of tho undorslgn-
od In tlio Roma Block, on Sundny afternoon next, tho -Hh Instant, nt .1 o'clock,
for tho purpose of OHtnhllshtng tho
Ordor of the Scott lull Chins tn this
city.
A. CROWSTON,
Roynl Deputy for II. C.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 23.—At to-day's
session the convention of the Federation of Labor adopted a strong resolution protesting against the attempt
on the part of the Russian govornment to have S. Fedorenko, the Russian revolutionist now detained in
Cnnada, extradited.'
Intense feeling and sympathy for
tho Russian revolutionist was displayed by the delegates when the mat-
tor was brought up by Samuel L. Landers, of Hamilton, Ontario, member
of tho Unitod Garment, Workers' gonornl executive board.   •
i
W. IT. Hoop, of Winnipeg, was
granted the floor to stato Fedorenko's
case, which he did nobly, and ln a
manner which Immediately won tho
convention for tho Russian fugitive.
Hoop said It would bo a crime on
civilization, and a disgrace to constitutional government, If tho bloody hands
of tho Czar was allowed to lay hands
on Fodoronko, whom ho praised as n
groat patriot, and a mombor of the
first Duma who, as a revolutionist
had only served his pooplo nnd his
country.
Tlio Fodoronko roBolutlon was
passed without a single dlflnontlng
voto.
Session as Usual To-day
In order to get through with Its
work by Saturday tho convontlon do-
olilod not to colobrnto Thanksgiving
Day, hut to hnvo a regular hobhIoii tomorrow.
The fraternal delogatoH, Mows
Tumor and Brace, of England, nntl
Pottlpluco of Canada, woro proHoutod
to-dny with gold wntchoH ns tokens
of International friendship and solidarity.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Todhunter arrived
home on Monday evening from their
honeymoon trip to Spokane.
Mr. W. Baird, of the Manitoba government' Telephone Line, spent Sunday with Mr and Mrs. A'. J. Buckley.
The re-opening services of the new
Baptist church will take place on
Sunday, Dec. Ilth, 1910.
Lawrence Brooks left for the coast
on Monday whero ho will mako his
home. Mrs. Brooks will follow
shortly.
. Tho Ladles' Aid of the Baptist
church will hold a sale of home-made
sewing on Tuesday, Dec. 20th. Moro
particulars next Issue.
Look out for tho Scotch Danco to bo
hold at Bruce's Hall on tho ovening of
Decembor 30th. Scotchmen tako note.
Fnrthor particulars lator.
Tho monthly too of tho Ladles' Aid
of tho M. E. Church will bo glvon at
tho homo of Mrs. Pollard, December
Gth, 1910, north ond of tho Annox.
H. O. Windsor, plnno tuner, well-
known In Fornio nnd tho Kootennys
for many years, Lonvo ordors with
Mrs. Elloy, Holntzmon Plnno Pnrlorfl.
18—lt
A branch of tlio Imperial Bank of
Canada lias been opened nt Porcuplno,
Out., undor tlio management, of W
Ilourkc, formerly of tlio Gowgandn,
Cobalt Branches.
Tho Ladles' Guild of Christ Church
Intond holding a salo of XmnB cooking
nntl oilier homo*mnilo ontablnn on Dec,
17th at tlio Ilolntzmnn Parlors. Open
at 3 o'clock.
Joseph McQuillan, Into of Coloralno
County Derry, Ireland, last hoard of In
I'VriilP, B.C. nt. thn beginning of this
year, whon lm was nn Inmate of the
Fornio Hospital, with an attack of
rliiiiiiniitlhin. Mother In County Derry
nnxloimly enquiring IiIh w.i.Tcnl>r_ntn.
SITUATION IS
NOW IMPROVED
Interviews Between U.M* W. of A.
'■ ti
and the Company Officials
Results in  Success
HOPEFUL NOW AT BLAIRMORE
We are pleased to report that since*»~.~~~."."*~'
our  last  isue matters  at  Blairmore
have undergone a decided change for
the better.
After several interviews between
the management and the district officers a better understanding was
reached by both parties with the result" .hat the axe is buried and from
now on it Is earnestly to be hoped
that the amicable relations established will continue and expand.   '
Mr. R. W. .Coulthard assorts that
the closing down of the mines and
the reorganization of the union were
merely coincidental; this was, nevertheless, a coincidence which had a
tendency io create misunderstandings
whereby serious trouble might eventuate. "
He also stated that it was not exx-
pected that the shutdown would be
of long duration and .that when work
wsa resumed in the near future it
would be oh a full swing basis. Pres.
Powell,'Vice.-Pres. Stubbs and Local
Member Jones attended meetings of
the local union Friday and Wednesday last, when the, position was clearly and fully explained to the members. There' is not the slightest
doubt that there is a unanimity of satisfaction with the general outcome
particularly as the aspect at one
time looked unfavorable* to so favorable a termination as has resulted.
It   is   a   foregone   conclusion   that
NELSON   PETITION
TO  AID  FEDORENKO
People's Class of Trinity Church Ask
Minister of Justice to Prevent His
Extradition to Russia
protect themselves and their organization to the fullest extent.
: From present indications we feel
confident that in the future District
18's members will have no cause' to
think that the camps at Blairmore,
from the viewpoint of organization,
will he socond to any throughout the
district;,., ',',*.. " -   ""
Below  wo  append   a   copy  of  the
memorandum.
Memorandum of Meeting held
on the 28th of November, 1910, between the West Canadian Collieries,
Ltd., and District 18 U. M. W. A.
Union Guarantees:
"1—Same rato to apply nt Blair*
moro Mino when it re-opens, and no
"attempt made to influence the em-
"ployeos of said mino to quit work
"until such tlmo as an agroomont
"can bo arrived nt, after tho usual
"routine as' sot forth In tho Agreo-
"mentwlth tho Wostorn Coal Opera-
"tors'  Association^"
Company  Guarantees:
"1—To   reinstate   omployoes   who
"wero working at tho tlmo mines woro
"shut down ln preference to new men.
"2—No slgnod papers to ho nskod
"from  tho men ns to conditions,"
R. W. COULTHARD,
For Company.
W.  B.   POWELL,
Prosldont U.M.W. of A.
District 18
Prosont for the Union: W. B, Powoll,
C. Stubbs, C. Garner, .1. O, .Ioiiob,
, Present for tho Company:    R.   W.
Coulthard, .1. Menard. ■*,
'Tlio early bird calchen llio worm,"
in oilier ■ words don't, wait until lho
last mlnuto to mako your jiiircluiHon,
At,the session of the People's class
at Trinity Methodist Church on Sun-*
day afternoon, the case of Savvo Fedorenko, the former Russian student
now in detention in Winnipeg on a
charge of* murder preferred by the
Russian government and whose extradition has been granted by a Manito-*
ba judge, was taken up.
A resolution was unanimously adopted by the People's Class, petitioning
the Canadian minister of justice tq
intervene and prevent Fedorenko being surrendered to the Itusssian
governmentaindor the present circumstances.
Be considerate—Shop early.
The indoor bowling fever is now on
at Ingram's.
"Procrastination is the thief of '(Mme"
—Shop early.        °   ■ \
A fellow feeling makes us wondrous
kind—Shop early. '
The curlers are making * preparations for indulgence in tho roarin'
game. -
• Seo the notice published in these
columns regarding municipal voters'
list,
IT. H. Depew, tlio electrical contractor, Is' exhibiting a novelty in his
window In the shape of a Christmas
tree illuminated by dlminultlve incandescent lights.
Show your disapproval at tho attempt to return Fodoronko to his
Russian executioners by attending tho
moss meeting on Sunday afternoon nt
2.30 in tho Grand Theatre.
Mr. Tucker of Baynes Lako and
Waldo, left Fernio on Friday night's
train on a vIsIL to his old homo In
Grimsby, Ontario, and expects to return ln tho spring.
S, Hutcheon has tonderod his resignation ns book-keeper with the Fernio
Co-operatlvo Co. to accopt n position
as representative for tho East Kootonay District with A. Crowston, owner
of Crowston Heights. Ilo will mako
Fornio his hcndquartorB.
♦♦♦••»♦♦♦♦♦♦_*"♦■»-_>♦♦<_
♦ ♦
♦ AVVISO ♦
♦ Mlnatorl cl preghlamo dl In-   <ea
♦ formarvl di atare via dl Pernie  ♦
♦ D. C, quelle che alete four.,   ♦
•**_ eenendo ehe nel tnmpa pre-   ♦
♦ aente aeno molta gente diaaee*  ♦
♦ eupi-jta •*+*
SUPPLEMENTARY AGREEMENT
Supplementary Agroomont to tho
Agroomont ontorod Into Juno 30th.
1000, botwoon District No, 18, Unitod
Mino Workors of Amorlca, and the
Wostorn Conl Operators' Association,
t., .i.i,!..., m,,. i>.n.,,,-*....    -.t.    'i      i
*•-  " '••'_»   •■"- ■.-. ,...-.-.-
for tlio No. 2 Scam nt tho Hosmor
Mlno nro mndo a pnrt of said agreement:
NO. 2 SEAM HOSMER MINE
Gangway,
Right fi-t't 1-nUnr tii-twpon notches,
11 foot clear sprnntl, 8 and 9 feat legs
Umber not to oxa-ad 1. Inches, lagged
top nntl sides, timber 5 feet from
centre to centre. Mining and loading
coal, rock to bo loaded separately, Including 1«rojwary tr*rk and ditch,
111:10 V^f Hn**'  yard.
Counter Gangway.
Sovcu foot collar between notches,
II feet clear spread. 7 feet and 8 feet
Iokh, tlmbor not to pxcw-.I X2 Im-lto-*-,,
Inggotl top and hIiIph, tlmhnrs T, toot
from contro to contro, Mining, loading, handling and dumping ronl Into
chutes,  including track  laying,  rock
We tnke pleasure In culling tlm intention of our readers to tlio ndvi-rllsc-
mont of Crowston II .ghts which np-
pearH nn page 3 of this Ihhiip. Tho
proposition should nppnnl strongly lo
thr* small Investor Iiocihihi* of tho favorable con dl I Ion h offered; Iboro Is llko-
wlso ono feature that Is worthy of con-
Hltlt'intloii mid that Is, vexations d.'lnyi*
of transfer nro obviated, bet-auK-.* tln»
iritiiKiti-lIohh iim lu'twi'iMi principal nud
•inri'lm**''!' lifiicp tltlt' ilft'tli. cnn bo
obtained with dlKprtlcli. In addition
to soiling realty, Mr, CrnwHtnn l« or*
guniitor for iho Oni.-r of.St-uitlHh Clmm
anil hnii nlroady so-iim! n goodly iiiiin-
ber for tlm charter lint.
, ... vi.^.,_    .,«..,*,    a _'_, . I *. \i.
*>.->.,>,»
por lineal yard.
Chutes
Ten foot collars botwi-cn notclics,
10 foot sill between notches, three 7
feet pohts, InRgotl top and sUIob, timbers Ti f. ia from contru lo centre.
Mlnlnu; ron! nnd putting Into •■hiiti»«*.
building of rlnitt*, mlnlrwny, nm] airtight brattice Company to furnish
cutting machine for tho purposo of
shearing tbe conl tn bo operated by
Dw tiibii-r.   IS.70 j'f-.' llnt-nJ yard.
Dreatti.   ]t
Twelve f<r>Pt rollnr nnd sill, iFireo 0
toot .K.iits, laj.it.ul top and aides. Umbers % toot from centre to centre. S!in-
*
lint'. l'ln-U.*.-**, hnndlt!tt». rim. tlninj-liH*
coal Into chute. Including track laying
nnd bnittlfft. "Rock to bn noparaiPd
nnd stovvpd. $11.00 pt.-r Ifii.nl yard.
When) the conl Is abnormally hard.
■tim vuniiji.iti-v ui Intnimi tttii-n jn-niiK-
nblo a f-ulting machine for tlm purposo
of hlu-nrlng the ronl, to bo operated by
the miner,
Ou behalf of District No. 18, U.M.W.
of A.
\V.  II.  WAVhLL,
I'rcsldpnt.
A. .1. CARTKit.
Hee.-Treas.
. Unr-ss:   II. II   PI'LI.KR
On  bolialf  of  tlio  lloumcr   Mlnr-s,
Llinl led
LKIVI8.8TOCKKTT
j I). G. WILSON,
flup..rlntf*iiilcr-t.
! Witness: H. B. ITLLER
;  SUPPLEMENTARY   AGREEMENT
METHODI8T MATTERS
The piiKt week litis been a lumy one
-,. *, ii   ii i    i. i
Monday wns the nnnlvertwrv dnv
iuul tho piiHlor, llnv. Mr, Dlmiiilek, doll vored a sermon appropriate, to tho or-
< .j.-.iori Dn- iby pn < i din.;.
Tlm nnnlvuiKity wiih fittingly cell*
brotcd by a nodal and concert under
tl I     . ( nl
-.-»*-£ -u-j.-v £<*i''v_4 -iii.iu_t ■**..*■» \**\, «^vi^iM*.iri -in
tlm Lndtes' Aid.
Tuesday tlio g.wntiiiHlum wait forniitl-
ly opon-H). Tin* larger portion of Dux
equipment Is nlrendy being utilized by
tho membership which in rerelvng constant addttons.     Thc engagement or
,-i   rnnipi'fi'llf   tn-*»ru'-i'ir  (■'   iltltfef  ''it',-
•(deration for thn near future.
The Trades and Labor Council at
thoir session on Monday passed n voto
of thanks to all thoso who contrlbutod
towards making tho, rocont smoker a
success.
Ainong qthors tlio Fernio and Fort
.Steele Browing Co. and the .1. R. Pollock Wlno Co, for liquid refreshments
donated, and Mr. Kschwlg for tin; inca
of his now hnll.
ACCIDENT IN
C.P.R. YARD
Brakeman Lodge Has a
Narrow Escape-In
Cranbrook Hospital
On  Weil iii-Md si)*  tiioinliiti    it    young
iiiiin   tunned   Hurry   Lodge   vvlilli.   nt
,.,*,*.   ..it   ,i.i;   f,i,. ni   !<_.,li   if,   !|,,.  V ,l',lt,
ynrd'i _.-"_-•_ *x-r ■•■!■ bo'-w •■■ "•. -.* )
his font cmi-Mit lietwii-n the wim-1 *>t!iy
on tlm car und the plow, 'Ills heel
wuh t'oiiip!ei..ly tiiiti-oruit'd bill il tn lm-
llevi'd Mini tho anterior portion of tlm
foot can he wived. He wiih removed
Ui llm iiimjiitiii ;n t'niiitUfKii; ihi.*, jmhiip
town) tm f-'ridiiy's flyer, having betm
kept In the rernle HospKul for two
dnys.
♦♦♦♦•» ♦ » ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦•»♦♦♦♦
*♦ ♦
♦   -. POZOR ♦
Por-evae praca _t Xtre*
slabe na Cetl Creek uhlodo
loch mun via ste upovedameni
aby ste «a atranlly ed Fernie
na tenia cas.
NOTICE,
Mii.i-r.-. pli .-.-.i  r.i.i. .m.i) (nun Han...
liend, us tlmy ennnot obtnln work here.
vnxy.ii v..ii:.w__i_y.
Fiii.-Ht-i-retary.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ NOTICE +
♦                         ^
♦ Owing   fn   th-» nhrk tlrrttit: -a*
♦ at Coal Creek, miners ara re* ♦
♦ quested  to  «toy away  from ♦
♦ this camp. +
a/
.v--;   _ PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 3, 1910.
Child Labor Laws in
Other Countries
Lessons'
to
be Yet.
' Learned
in
This
America
of
"Ours"
Child labor legislation in six European countries — Austria, Belgium,
France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland—is the subject of an article
printed in Bulletin,89, of the bureau
ol, labor, of the Depart of Commerce
and Labor. All of these nations have
recognized the existence of a child
labor problem and hnvo attempted* to
solve- it by means of legislation restricting the gainful employment * of
children and by providing a corps of
officials whose special task it is to
secure compliance with the terms of
tho law. The- experience of Germany
and of Switzerland in this direction is
peculiarly suggestive for the United
country^ there is divis— uevvDr rO
States, because tliere, as in this country, thore is division of legislative and
administriitivp powers bet ween a central government, and the local government.
* The article, the result of a study
by Dr. C. \V. A. Vedilz. Is not confined
to a presentation of the details of the
law concerning child labor, but discusses as well the relation of the
school and labor laws, the organization and actual work of' the labor inspectors, and tlie present extent and
nature of child labor in these countries.
In most of the countries included
in this'study the limitations upon child
labor are not all found in legislative
enactments. In many cases the laws
themselves constitute merely a framework which is filled out by means of
.numerous decrees, ordinances, police
regulations, and other legislative or
administrative measures. These measures sometimes constituting a relaxation of the rules laid down by the
statute, when, for instance, tlie administrative authorities are .given far-
reaching power to set up "exceptions"
-to and 'exemptions" from the operations of the laws, and exercise this
power in such a manner and on such a
scale as partly to abrogate the law.
Sometimes, on the other hand, administrative measures result in a much
' stricter regulation of child labor than
appears on the face of the law.
Fourteen Years in Austria
, Austrian legislation fixes the regular age of factory employment-^for
children at fourteen years, but children of twelve and * thirteen may be
employed if such 'employment does not
interfere with school, is not detrimental to, health, and does not exceed
eight hours a day.*1 Below twelve years
no regular industrial employment "is
 permitted, Li_a_conslderable_llst_of.
injurious no employment under fourteen is permitted, and in many the
employment of children of fourteen
and fifteen is much restricted. The
hours of labor for children under sixteen must, not exceed eleven, though
for a few industries twelve hours are
permlttted. Night work between the
hours of S and 5 is prohibited for all
children undor sixteen, except that in
Industries with special needs night
work is permitted for children of. fourteen and fifteen.
The complaint is frequent In the
reports of' the labor inspectors that
the staff of inspectors Is insufficient to
carry out tho law wllh any degree of
severity and tliat the Increase In tho
number of Inspectors has not kopt
pace with the Increase In thc numbor
of establishments subject lo Inspection. Only one-fourth the children
under sixteen actually in industrial
employment have tho benefit, of nn inspector's visit during n single year, A
largo numbor of establishments sub-
Joel lo lho law, lmvo never, according to tho report, boen Inspected ovon
once, and to Inspect nil of them with
lho present staff would require fifty-
nine years.
A recent Auslrlnn offleal investigation into tho extent, and nntiiro of
gainful employment ui..o.ig school
children undor fourteen years of ngo
Indicates that In various parts'of Iho
empire Iho proportion of theso'chlldron regularly at work varies from 30
to nearly CO por cont,     A lnrgo pro
portion of the working pupils are employed in agriculture and domestic
service, oftentimes at kinds of work
which requires more strength than
children under fourteen may reasonably be supposed to possess. Orphaned children and illegitimate children
furnish a relatively large quota of
child laborers than the other pupils.
In several of the provinces it was discovered -that half of the working pupils 'began work before thoy were
eight years old and a considerable
number began before they attained
Uie school age of six years.
In Belgium the law regulating child
labor permits industrial employment
at twelve years, although bet-ivee'n
twelve and sixteen the conditions of
work are much restricted. For an extended list of occupations regarded as
dangerous or injurious, employment
and even presence in the factory is
entirely prohibited. For children under thirteen the hours of work per day
must not exceed six For children
under sixteen tlie hours in many industries are limited to ten, though in
tVe cotton industry the limit is eleven
and one half per day, or sixty-six per
week, and in other textile industries
the limit is eleven per day. Night
work between the hours of 9 and 5 is
prohibited for males under sixteen
and all females under twenty-one
years in a list including many industries.
In Belgium, also, tho number of inspectors is reported as inadequate, and
inspectors complain that the fines imposed for violation of law are altogether too low to produce proper deterrent effect, particularly in view of
the numberless devices employed by
certain manufacturers to circumvent
the law. .
' In France the age at which industrial employment may legally begin is
thirteen, but if tbe school requirements are satisfied and a physician's
certificate of physical fitness - can' be
secured, employment may begin at
twelve. ' In occupations regarded as
dangerous, injurious or unhealthful,
employment under eighteen years is
prohibited, or even presence in certain classes of factories. The hours of
labor are limited to ten per day. ftlight
work betwen the hours of 9 and 5 is
prohibited for all children under eighteen..
In France the official statistics show
that the,number of inspectors has increased over ,30 per cent during the
past fifteen years, while the'number of
establishments inspected has doubled
-and-the-number—of^persons-employed-
therein has increased '65 per cent. At
the end of 108 there were still 112,,-
000 establishments subject to inspection that had never been visited at
all. Many of the visited establishments had not been inspected for two
or three years, for in 108 the officials
were able to inspect only 162,000
establishments, each departmental inspector visiting during that year at
least once an average of over 1,200
concerns.
Certain provisions of tho French
law, like that of a medical examination of all children bolleved by the inspectors to bo engaged in occupations
injurious to physical development, aro
considered by most, of tho inspectors
lo bo somewhat illusory. Much the
samo thing is truo of the provision
that all child laborers must have an
age* certificate. Frequently tho certificates are altered or carelessly made-
out, or actually forged. This has been
the case to a notable extent in connection with the largo number of
Italian children Imported into Franco
by, padrones for distribution nmong
glass works nnd tlio yards of Frnnco,
as woll ns for omploymont in boot-
blacking nnd ehimnoy swooping, This
system of Importation becamo so serious ns to lead lo international negotiations bol ween Italy and Franco with a
vlow lo Its curtailment.
Inspection Almost Worthless
Tho French inspectors complain of
lonlency In  punishing violations    of
tho law, just iib in other countries cov
ered by. the study. The inspectors re-*
port great resourcefulness, both on
the part of employers and children
in escaping detection. To stimulate
the agility of children in°disapppearng
when the inspectors, visit their works
some glass manufacturers have offered
prizes for'th'e children who could hide
themselves most quickly at a given
signal.
The German child labor law permits
industrial employment to begin at
fourteen years, although work not exceeding six hours per day may begin
at thirteen if the required school attendance has been completed. For
occupations considered as dangerous
or injurious, the employment of children is prohibited, or is permitted only
under special regulations. For children under sixteen years the hours of
work are limited to ten, and night
work is phohibited between the hours
of 8.30 and 5.30.
In many respects ,the most radical
departure in child labor legislation on
the Continent is found In, the German
child labor law of 1903,' wliich attempts to regulate the employment of
children in their own homes and un-,
der the direction of their parents.
This law owes its enactment largely
to the systematic investigation inaugurated by a national organization of
school teachers who became convinced
that the factory laws had in many instances driven the child laborer out
of the factories Into thorne industries
and into non-industrial pursuits not
reached by previous legislation. ' This
new,law is not proving easy of enforcement, and some time will be required to draw valid ' conclusions in
regard to its actual effects. The German inspectors are able to visit only
about half of the establishments subject to .the factory law, Iri some
states of the empire only one-fourth
are inspected. Here, as in,other countries, only a small proportion of the'
offences reported against the law were
in any way punished. *
In Italy the law fixes the age at
wliich industrial work may be begun
at twelve years, although for all workers under fifteen' years certain restrictions the imposed, including the requirement of a physician's certificate
of physical fitness, and in dangerous
and injurious occupations employment
is entirely prohibited. The hours of
labor are limited to eleven per day
between the ages of twelve and fifteen.
Night work between the hours of - 8
and 6 (or .between 9 and 5 from April
to September) is prohibited for'per-
.SQUs_underJifte'en_year_s__.__uid__Joi____ll_,
females. -
The Italian experience with their
factory inspectors has been too short
to justify any general conclusion with
regard to its efficiency. The system,
in fact, does not yet apply adequately
to tho kingdom as a whole, but only to
certain industrial portions, i
■ Switzerland's Many Laws -
In Switzerland the federal law prohibits the factory employment of children undor fourteen' years, but for
dangerous or injurious occupations,
which include an extended list, employment may not begin under sixteen. Tlie maximum hours of labor
p>..r day under sixteen years are oloven,
For employes under eighteen years
night work between the hours of 8
and G (or between 8 and ii. during
June, July and August) is entirely pro'-
hlbltod. ' ,   '
Switzerland presents a bowilderlng
vnrlet.y of cantonal labor laws, as woll
as considerable divergence In tho enforcement of tho fodoral law. The
matter of the revision, of tho entire
law Is undor consideration, and tho
onnctmont of a now law Is expcclod In
Switzerland nt an early dato.
A striking f oaf uro of tho study- In
Switzerland relatos to the employment
of school chldren outsldo of school
hours. A rocont Investigation furnished much detailed information
showing the employment of very largo
numbers of children working long
hours ancl at. night .undor such conditions. .
Something Worth While
Striking  Miners  Remembered  in a
Tangible Manner-Check for
$25,000 from A. F. of L.
(.Itl.KNHIH.I.ii,   I',-!.,--Tlm     Unln-.lt
Mine Winkers' officials of tlm (liven:! j
Itliru-lrwln    I'li-bl    lit -il    Wi-i'l.    received '
from   1ii-iiiIi|Iiiii*Imi-h  nf  tin-   Anii'i'lciin
I'cilfiiitjiiii nl Liihnr n rli"i'l. I'tir $l_ri.-
(iiiii   tu   he   tihi-d   for   tin'   ei'i'i-tlnti   of
house.;  inr  tin-  i.ii'lklnu  uilm-i***  now
I'Wui* In fi-iiiit.
Wnrl, un tli-'ir't'!'<-i>tl.m bi-gtui Monday   at   Hnlom villi*  inul   I't-uii   iiim fit;
.lilllllMlll    .Ml,    I,    1,11.111111-1,      it tlU      (lllll|*|
The official- lmve rented Itnti-'i-■ n'l
over the field lor llm nl liking m'n-'i'H I
nntl  by doubling "up   pulling two or ■
limn* fninllleH In mm limine--they will I
be itbb* within tt forinlKlit lo li-ive iill'
of   liii'ir   pcn-ile   )K)ii,-*(-il,   nml   'ij-fiju-r
piovli-lon Hindi' iiImo for sclioollng tlio
clilldn-n.
As Ihls fight In now being wngeil by
tin* Aninrc.-iu Federation of Labor,
ntul iih that body nt the Grecnburg
rotiveinon    pl'-ilgr.-d    Its    tint'tuilll'lcd
hil-lpi'll,   ttie   utile.lib.'   flint   ll|il\i»   WHS
to i-in-un- hmisi-s for tho itxm niul their
i.tiiiiKi**-,.
Within a very short  lime—as ttoon
JIM   tll*>   StlbJOCI   gOOH   IhlKtltlll   th"   ser-
fin! lot-ills-*-a nuiitter of :t low days or
.i v,(.«'k-—lncn*iihi-d financial asitlstance
will be glv«--n.
Miss Kmmullrio Pitt, dosi.oitilnnt of
l-ord I'm, Hk* HnKlwli vi«n>).maii during tlin American IW-voluMonnry period, and lh. ltev. Mr. J*if>inlm, of
Plitsbunr. have been Hei-iinn* nrent
qusntttles of provisions, clothing, otc,
*'•     ntiw    wearing    Kline*,    procured
null their Inborn,
nnd hiiuiliTiln of women nnd elillili-t-ii
Tliem nre yel, ll  Is mild, some In
lleeil   lif   Mimes   llllll    VVliI'liir-r   clothing
lint It Ih believed nil will hooii be enroll
for.
About 10 per ei-ni. of thf union
iiiIih'i'h  of the  (irei-iiliiii-gli-wln   flold
nre nt work, mostly employed In the
iuul,,,,.   it  i, i  i    ,. i "    .       '     i".
cent iti-ii I'lil'. l>.'.<q|ili.||f .Inunp.i l.lttln-
wood report h,
A number of ngetitH of Western op-
entti-i.s uio in lliu local tields lo secure
uiinei-H,. but. lew men havo accepted
lliclr errors. The off It-lulu nre pro-
put rn in entry ou ino iikM iiiiui vititn-
Iohh, if It ttikoH nil tlio winter or five
years, one of ihem states,
Vice I'lesldent Van Illliuer doclnros
that ihe BlrlltorH will bo cared for (luring the winter. Union relief Htatloim
are lu oprnitlonn horo,
Deafness Cannot He Cured
hi' I'-riil _k|i|illi-_ill»n>, »s tiny iiiiiiiiit naili Ihu dim
_*1. |,U.t|<«l »I |hO t*t. Mll'Tr- u .>my- oim vtuy tu
'•in* it.-_.tr,.«* mil thai U liv ■•■■,• llluiKdial rim-<lli-«.
!',_!!.,«  1.   .iUHtd   !_>'  Hli   l!.Ita!:,Ml   _i-_._-|1Iii_i   i,|  Hi-
murinn tinln-. of Ihu IIiiiMctilun Tulie, wmii ttiH
Min* n 'niUnu-il you tuxxr it nniM.iii. wci-ui nr nu-
ln-Tfrrt ln-srin-f. nml tihr-n li n i-minty iiiw-., liml-
»»« ll tli* fruulf. »nii uulr-u t',„ h.Ct.-.ra,*,!...,. /Xa ._«
titkrit tun unii thli lul**- .*r».*,..-,| to iu nu.Rul runill-
Hor.. h-Mrlnr •III tut rlMrtmiTYl t„rrvrr- nlr,.. m*n
tut ul Uo •(• mm*-.) tiy < martti, «m-rh ta Tiothin*
lint Ml wtUmnt (ttutlill'ifi ot tin* mu.o.u (intact.-.
W# »_.l «lv« On* lliinctrn. iNlm tnt any raw nl
II'Mama i.mutwt liy raUrilii ttint r*ny,i,\ Vx* fiin-il
liy Htlll C-.ur.li l'un-.   Hunt tn. t-lrrul«.ra. In--*,
SuH by liniMlfu, Itr.
TUt llk-'ll r.mny mii lor ramlptUM,
ACCIDENT8    TO    WORKMEN
In onch of tho liiHt five years moro
than -1000 wage earners In tho United
Kingdom havo boon killed. Roughly
nearly a thousand mmfnrlng men and
inoro tlmn it thousand minors lose
their lives at work ovory year, tho ro-
nialiilng 2,0011 vletluiH bolng engaged In
tho railway sorvlco, tho manufnettiring t.rnden, nnd other occupations,
writ oh a eorroHpontlent In tho London
TlniCH, Slnco 1001 tho following num-
her of dcntliH havo romilled from In-
iliiHtrlnl iici'lilentH (Including mining,
iieiifiirliig, etc,) In tho rnltod Kingdom: looi, -i*i2fi; 1002, -inw, 100:1,
1172: men, :.77ii; loori, -mi; T.inn.
•HIS; 11107, 1177: HiOS, miuii; H-09,
■IDii2,. s  *
These hnld flgni'OH linrilly seem lo
JiiHtll'y llio contention thnt aer-ldeiilH
ni'o on tlin IneretiHc. Never!h"loi*m
■1,000 iIciiiIih n year am far ion iniiny,
und, while lu lu'iifni'lug nnd the nill-
wny service (lungers nro deereiiHlng,
It Ih a deplorable fact  that. In hoiiio
,,i'i i,iit',i r.( nvli-f   1 n ill .el v!n"   i,\i\   lii   --'n-il;
minim-, ilnnr-fi's niul field _its nro on
the liicreaHO.
The ciiho of Uto mining Industry
cull,-, (or Kpeeial notice, hecniiHi- tbo
recent rlw. in the lit-eldonl into follow,-, upon two geiKTiilloiiH of sternly
iiiiil   pot (..nil-lit, i)i-i.)tll.3,        *tn:i tiv.ii   XXH-,
mlddlo and tlin end of tho nineteenth
century tho mining accident death rato
declined hy about 00 por cont, In the
(Im-ntlo; 18-10-55 the avorago annual
number of dentliH was mm for ovory
219 omployod, wlillo lu 18911-1905 It
•i,-,\:x one for 7C0.
Thoro was n remarkable record of
piugi'i-Hs*-. Hut the decline In thu accident rato has hen arroslod, nnd now
di'HpIto the coiitltiii-'il growth of scientific and technical knowledge, coupled
with mom stringent state control, the
number of aci-ldents Is Increasing.
From 1900 tn 1904 ono In every 779
wan kill-Mil on \bo average ov-iiry yi*ar.
whilo In 1005-1909 tho average was
ono In 711. Tho figures for 1009 nlono
aro worse and whilo In 1902, for example, only ono mlno worker tn ovory
S05, rind in 1899 only one in every 840
was killed, in 1909 one in every, 700
was killed. , Non-fatal accidents have
increased concurrently, aud in ten
years the percentage of ,the member
of the miners' relief societies "claiming
accident benefits has rise from 1S1 io
249 per 1000. ■ '*    *        , *   '.
'■- - Part* Electricity Plays
* There are reasons for thinking that
the wider application of electricty'to
coal mining is one of the causes of the'
recent increase of accidents. It is
quite true that, only fifty-one deaths
have been officially attributed to accidents in connection with electrical
apparatus since the special electrical
opinion is held that some recent fires
and explosions, involving great loss of
life, .have been started electrically
Electricians declare that electricity
has not yet had a fair trial in British
mining, save in a few cases.
It is said that somo colliery owners,
after putting down electrical installations, do not maintain, staffs sufficiently strong or competent to keep the
apparatus in order. In some dases a
couple of wiremen, under charge of
an engineer, who is, not an electrician,
aro expected to look afler the entire
electrical equipment of a mine containing these many miles of cable, and
these, it is said, in places where the
wires, distributing boxxes, etc., are be-
conslantly damaged by falls of the
rci'if and bulges of the sides, are not
sufficient for the work. ■
Speeeding-up Process
Again, tliere is the question of
"speeding-up." No general speeding-
up can be proved from statistics; indeed, for some years the per capita
output of coal has been declining despite the adoption of superior appliances. But when due allowance is
made for the deeper and, more difficult mining, coupled with the increasing frequency of stop and short days,
of petty strikes, there is seen to be
ground for the-idea that* the "Ameri-
.canization of industry," which has
done so much to increase accidents in
some of our workshops, has spread to
mining. With the diminishing earning
time of the hewers on one hand and
the more difficult mining on the other,
it seems certain that some speeding-
up has occurred, or that decline in
output per man would have been still
greater than it is.
Not only is it conceivable that some
managers have attempted to speed up
the haulage and windage, but it is
miners themselves, under stress of increasing difficulties with their trammers and putters, and the loss of earning time involved, have made extra
efforts to make good their pay by lessened attention to faults, of roof, and
so forth.
So far as* speeding-up is' concerned,
the Eight Hour Act is bound to have
a bad effect. ■ In many mines; under
this measure, speeding-up will become
a fine art. Elderly, experienced.and
"cautions-men-"will~be~turned'*"aui'ift-r
the young and reckless will be goaded
on; the speediest appliances will be
introduced; repair work and propping'
will be scamped; and a huge increase
of dangers* and accidents will bo the
inevitable result.
Another point, worth * consideration
is the spread of undiscipline in the
mines. A spirit of lawlessness seems
to have seized many of the young
workers. Leaders are flouted, managers set at definance, ancl fathers disobeyed. Boys' strikes at a moment's
notice are becoming far. too common
in tho; coal trade, and these tend to
upset, the harmonious working and'
that good temper in miners and officials, so needful to safety of operation, , Besides, a radical changes has
come over the livos and social, habits
of tho workers Young miners aro'no
longer content to spend tliolr evenings
in tho villages, Cheap tram cars tako
thom to the city;* Ihe music, hall at-,
tracts; it Is late when lliey return
home and to bod; and tlioy enter tho
pit noxt day lacking that physical
froshnoss and mental alertness which
the naturo of their calling demands.
CompenDation Law
Then, again, thoro Is ronson for suspecting that the Workmen's Compensation law bus something to do with
tho growth of accidonts, Tll-B 'nwi
drafted at tho special request of tho
labor leaders without a "contracting*
out" clnuso for-tho bonoflt of aged and
Infirm workors, has rosullod In somo
trades In tho policy of wooding out
tho oldorly nnd Bafo workman. This
policy of II self hns brought nn increase of accidents In thoso trades
whoro tho largest number of agod mon
lmvo beeon turned adrift.
Somo twolvo or foilrleon years ago
II was urged In snmo quarters thnt. an
oxtonslon of tho principle of employers' liability would result. In n
dliiuinltlon of Industrial aecldentH
Tho iiHsuniptnn was tlmt omployors
were (-nrolomi and ciiIIoiih, nnd Ihat
nil Ihnl was needed lo promote iinfnty
lu the workshop wiih freely to lap tlio
employer-!' poekol overy I lino a workman wiih Injured, Tho Wnrltiuon'H
fonipeiiHntlou Aet, bwnnio operative
In I SOS; hul. liiHloml of llio inillclpat-
ed dliiiuiittloii of nccldoutH nu In-
i'Itiiho wiih hooii Tiotlcenblo.
In 1007 the number of reported In-
Jnrleit Itt work people in the niiinii-
fnciiirliig trndi-H was I iri per cunt,
higher, nml the number iietunlly killed
wan t.2 lier cent hlghor than In 1S07,
Uio yenr hefoni I lio net ciinic Inlo
fnrci'. In inns, lon yeiti'H ul'ter llm
net wns brought Inlo operation, the
| liillOi     H'lHI.-lh    llll Mell    llll)    IHJUhU       111
f'tuniii'-ii'- In ceii;-lih*r "Hie verenl
I nlni'inlni. Increase of workHbnp acel-
| dents," und Um sorrel nry of stnto ap-
j pointed a couimiliei) to inquire into
I lhe  matter,
! On lhe paKHKlug of the ono-sldod
lnbor law many employers beciiino
more pni'tlmlnr nbout. tho men they
employed, nnd, urged on by llio Insurance companion doing workmen's
eompeiisntlon business, they bognn to
weed but tliolr elderly and dollcnto
men, Ilut lu so doing thoy woro, as n
mutter of fuel, eliminating the «;vfe
men. The vory policy adopted to los-
*..cu u.'dik'iiu and this conl of meeting
claims iIiuh hnd tho effect of multiplying dangers, accidents nnd costs—
not liecaiiHo tho law wns wrong ln
principle, um because It went beyond
tho boiimls of reason In seeking Uio
samo/ompensntlon for an old man as
for a >otiitg one, In Imposing nn unfair
liability upon omployer .In refusing to
pormll contracting out und lu allowing
Insurant*--- with privato companion.
Tho Dally Province.
V *     -
Bey/are of
Imitations
Sold on. the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cbid Baths
. The King Edward
Fernie's0 Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
"August G-U.
IF THE
FIREMAN FAILS
we will come to your rescue, provided that you have had the forethought ,to secure one of our
policie. Today is not too,late to
increase or secure
FIRE   INSURANCE
Tomorrow    may    be.    You  little
realize   how   reasonably   such   security may  be bought.    May  we
have  the opportunity to  explain?
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C. V. O., L. L. D„ D. C. L.,« PRESIDENT.
ALEXANDER LAIRD, GENERAL   MANAGER.
PAID-UP  CAPITAL, $10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
Interest at the current rate is all owed on all deposits of $1 and
. upwards in this Department.    Careful attention is given to,
*" every account.   Small deposits are welcomed.   ,
Accounts may, be opened in the names of two or more persons,
withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the sur-
. vivor.   Full and clear written instructions  as  to  who is to
make the withdrawals should always  be" given  to the Bank
when opening accounts of this nature.
FERNIE  BRANCH L. A. S.  DACK,° Manager.
M. A. KASTNER
and-Real-Estate-
_^_lnpiiwori_0_Q
 UlUltl 1*11 w
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorised ... .$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed 7... $5,575,000
Capital   Paid   Up    $5,575,000 .     Reserve Fund $5,575,000
D. R. WILKIE, President..       HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloop-3, Michel, Moyie, Nelson.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manajjep .
Fernie Opera House
oving
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
Every
Night
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
KENNEDY  &  MANGAN
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
"TRIMMING"
has a. variety of meanings, but"
' you won't be "out of pocket" if'
you invest    in    our    excellent.
^'Tii.w.Lfn'ii./irinnnnl AwnLn n_i1_liii till_--_--__-
x i nil—iui *"tur[;t.n*_,vl a-niiu'-'uuau1	
ers. It is made from selected
and well
SEASONED   LUMBER
•and Is free from warpings or
btber imperfections, While
high quality rules hero so do
low prices. .
Phone 23
P.O. Box 22
OFFICE and YARD,  MCPHER80N  AVE., OPP. Q. N.   DEPOT,  FERNIE
A 8LAVE
A littlo. old woman with wlspfi of
i,'ray linlr fulling nbout hor wrinkled,
ynllow I'ih-o, hIih by im empty -.rut'..
She Iiiih ncoillownrl. In lior liniul, mul
hoiiio unfinished ■j-iii'nimitH nro ftpi-und
upon u tnblo,     Sho bIIh boni-—Htlleli-
I UK.   HtlllllllllK,        ]'\)1*   llOlll'H   HtlO   Kit H
IIiuh,
Under llio hip-ik*-.' lli?hl of ii nixn Jot
Unit llirnwfl a hn/.y iiu'IIowiichm ovor
ii linn- I'titnii, mul kIoi'.iiih In u low odd
IiIIh of I'hiiui upon ii Hltlohoiiril, hIio
lolls -with hor iH'i'dle ntul thraul,
Not u moment does nhn stop-—not
it miiiiioiii'H roHpito, not ii momont to
Incut lie, Imi oik- Ioiik hoiiIIchh dnidifiM'y
throiiKh tho.uiitlU'Ht* liuiii-H, Hho tloi.-H
not think or brnoil, hIio iIooh nol upouk
or .iIuk—hIk' ulinply works. Hllldi,
Htltoh. the neo-llo fhiHhea In nnd out—
Ml     IIIDIIOIUIIIJIK),     JitthhlOllk-nil,     lll'llllll
j Prepare for Fall
and Winter
We have just cloarod our summer stock ouf, nnd now wo avo
ready to fit you np for tho wlntor from head to foot. It you aro
looking for tho future nnd Intend to save your money purchaso
your goods from us. , We hnvo just bought tho stock of Mr! Jamos
Haddad and now wo aro carrying a very lavgo stock of ladles' and
gonts' furnishings. Trunks and valises, In fact, everything for
men, women and chlldron,
Our $1.25 Sweater Coals havo no equal, Our $1.75 Por Anglo
Undorsults havo thom nil bonton..
Our Suits aro Just tho kind you need for* stylo and durability.
Wo carry a largo assortment of Boots and Shoos, tho bost soloc-
tion that monoy and brains can buy.
KEFOURY  BROS.
Noxt to Wlirwnin Oniidy Storo
Noxt to Nortlioi'ii lloto
NOTICE
Notion In horohy ivlvnn tlmt nftor
Hit. oxnli'iitlini of thirty iliiyn ir«.»
ditto, 1, Duvld Kokni-Hloy, lijU'ii'l to
ii mil y lo tlio Jlniuirnliif, tlm Clilof
(.iii-iiiilHHlnnoi' of I.nuilH, I'or it lU'i'iiHi*
in •jiriir.pi't.t for .-tiiil mul polrolonm on
tlio follnwln.*. ilr-ni'1'lliml InmlH Hltiiiitcil
wllliln lot -iriliil, ..li-oti-i 1, Knoti-miy
DlHtrlol, Coniinuiit'lim* nl n l><\nt.
plniili.il 200 foot niirlli of tlm ninth-
wiin! coriii'i' of Int liiilll! llii'imo nni-ili
SO clmltit*, tlii-nci- cro-i KO t-liiihiH, tlmiii--'
MIIH I ll   hi)   OlllllllH,   tlll'lll'H   WOHI   SO   UllllllH
tn p|ii_-u of cniiinu'iiiviiu-iit, I'untiiliiliiK
(110 ncroH mon- nr lone,
l-iiriil-'il llil» 'iltli day of Octuli'T,
1010.
DAVID  l-ICM-rrcUHM-.Y, I.noiilnr.
Tor Win, I'Ii-kiiii, Altont.
WltllPHH—M,   A,   Hlotio, Ui.ftt
Sho lif-ctlH not the mawkish Orion
llinl como from llm stroot, or tlio coil-
fiiHod murmur of tlio ureal ely, or
tlio biiHlln of tho people about Uio
Iiouho. She haw only one thought,
one eonvlrtloji, one ('orilnirto—to work,
iOj'kq on for ovor working.
Oii, tho aching oyeH and nclilnj.
lliigd'H, tho r-rampn-1 back nnd foot
icy cold with Innctlon, Such things
mum not bo uollcotl—should bo for-
cotton. To work dbHporately, fovor-
Inhly, lori'Vcr mid ov-f-r—that Ih bor
portion.
 1,
NOT PEOPLE
A c/iiiluillht mino owner wlio lind not
vltdfod IiIh mines for several yoar*,
wont to no them, taking -hia llvc-your-
old boy with lilrn.
"Who uru ihotfu puopU.2" tin; cUlld
nuked ns bo naw tlio minora for tho
first tlmo.
"'Thoy ar© not pooplo, «on--th(.jr are
Bdncri," ctplalnod tbo ttthor.
DISSOLUTION   OF   PARTNERSHIP.
• ■     I ' !        1       .!..,!,      •     ll.n.     ll,(V    (,(!
..WW**.*     »,)    .*W '-<•'.'     tl* I I -' . » '"*-     *-v
vnrlnovflilp hovotofofo t-mbnlRtli.1*. botwoon tho unilornlgnod ns nrehltoctB,
undor tho firm namo of Kgg & Hnld-
tine, nt rernlo and Nelson, II. C„ has
this day boen dim-solved by mutual
consent.   Tho business will horenftor
lit.   V.Aliii.d  iJli     tO      Vi'.iiiuUi   iiuiuAin
under his own nnmo, by whom all
ilobts of tho old firm will bo pnld,
nnd to whom nil ouffltanding accounts
duo tho old firm tiro lo bo paid.
GPonaii) c, Haa,
WI1.I_IAM IIALDANR.
rornlo, U. C„ Octobor 10, lt>10.
,******************kkkkkkki i
Fresh.   Cut
Flowers
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets.
TERR ILL FLORAL CO
LoiilT !)ltt«nc-> Phono 577      »
•Ln.Ti-._ni_ cn      ai pppta
Vout- nviti't-i v-Ut ri-f-i'lvc pt-mmit nl- J
£ tout Ion itml you will ho pIi-iimi-iI with 1
■j  wliat xx'u Honil you, »
**************************
.JudKlng from tlio urt'sa reports 01
irillroiiilH running wost from Clilrngo
may be tied up from a tlirentencd on-
Bliiporss' »trlko. If Hiioh ft sirlko
takes plncu, It In to bo hopoil tlmt tho
other trade* nnd trnfttt in lho railway
buivlcii will mniuud tu the atr;lkc and
walk out with tbe cnglnoors, thui do-
moiiBtrntlng to thn "arlntocracy of
labor' tbat roal unionism provnlli nm
onr. the railway brotherhood.
NOTICE.
Notico Is horoby glvon thnt application will bo mndo by tho Crow's Nost
& Northern Rnllwny company to tho
loftlBlnturo nssombly of tho Provlnco
of British Columbia, at Un next uo.&-
slon, for nn net to extend tho tlmo for
the commencement of Dw confltru*'.
tlii!) of Hh rnllwny, nnd for tho expenditure of 10 por cont. on tho
amount of the cnpltnl pt tho said compnny, ns provldod by'nubsoctlon (5)
of section 44 of tbo Drltlsh Columbia
Railway Act.
nODWEIX & LAW80N,
Solicitors for tho Applicants.
Dated at Victoria, II, C, this 19th day
of October, 1910.
f i
_ THE .DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 3, 1910.
PAGE THREE
y\/i:
7   o*
\y
r
I
Letters to the Editor
Three Epistles That, Make Interesting Reading
MICHEL MAN  ABROAD
' ' News', of other lands is always interesting and James Douglas, formerly a partner with George B. Stedman, gives a* lucid' description of his
views in the noted lines to an old
friend:    ,'-      •' _ ■     I'
"I suppose you' arid all thought
that I had forgotten my friends in
Canada, once I was out of the coun-
,try. I was longer in England than I
anticipated, cliiefly because my father
persisted for" ihelo'staTairsiimmerTi
did not write ta any one much whilst
there, because you are all so much
in touch with, the Old Country and its
conditions and havo so many new peo-
• pie continually coming and going from
there, thnt I thought it superfluous to
write, as I could not have written anything much except what you know.
England and English conditions are
not being transformed at-such a rapid
rate, not to be unrecognizable' in six
years. I havo only, been here four
days and so I can't sny very much
about New Zealand, but I will glvo
you my impressions and if I stay
long enough I shall tell later how far
right or wrong they were. To the
ordinary person who comes or goes
to any fresh country he most likely
ih the first place looks to see how the
working plug drosses,, because I
thi'nk it may be accepted as a universal axiom that no one wears poor
clothes because they like to. Prom
what I saw at Wellington until I got
to Auckland I-was very favorably impressed.- I have not;' seen anyone
man or woman ill-dressed (or child
either), accordlnglo our English ideas,
AMONGST. MINERS IN CANADA
than "any other country. ■ I read a
letter "from a leading politician* who
stated, that the average wage was
£2 10s.\ and that to live an average
life (working man's) .cost-£2 9s. 9d.,.
which leaves a surplus of 3d. or 6
cents per week.
I met a young, shrewd Englishman,
who had ben a ship's officer (not
flunky) and he informed mo that ho
thought if he could get a small busi-,
ness he would be able to go ahead a
little, but he said -just a bare living
was the result of three years' trial,
and he is going lo Australa. Except
in the seaport cities there does not appear to be much development. In
this city at present, carpenters ancl
bricklayers at 3(5 per hour of eight
hours per day. Other wages appear
to run about $2.25 per day. All work
people are limited to eight hours and
some liave even less. " I was informed that a week's cessation would
plunge most into extreme poverty.
It Is a fact that there arc quite a
large number of people leaving here
for Australia and quito a number * for
Canada. What public- land is left
is hedged around with fantastic and
obsolete law and it seems as elusive
land hunting as chasing a sunbeam.
As compared to Canada so far as
money making is concerned, it does
not stand a show at all. The country
topographically - opposed to any extensive railway development, it' is
too mountainous and the-Islands are
too narrow to warrant a network of
railways hence there are few new
towns to develop. The country is
chiefly .adapted to sheep "farming and
dairying, I have heard the school
inspectors "bawl" the dairy farmers
out, periodically for "farming' their
children, because they go to sleep in
school.     There does -not appear to be
and my experience has been confined
to the towns.     I havo been hi XJeb  much heavy drinking, and* there is a
great fight in sight, at the next elec-
lington, Napier and Auckland, -and
they-aro the chief'towns in the North
Island. Wyobservations though neces-
- sarily limited to say that this condition prevails throughout the whole of
New Zealand."-
In all of the towns mentioned there
arc some ■ really fine buildings and
tho hotels' are really very nice. In
contrast I was rtisnppionted in Capetown and I-lobart. Even Eerhie lias
Capetown and Hobart skinned to a
frizzle so fnr as hotels go.' It is a
charity to term them,cities, although
they .contain the nccesary wind-factories incidental to their titles, i.e.,
the homes of the chief parson and politicians. A storo keeper was pulled
' in Capetown for soiling the passeng-
^e£t_o£-the-*Sor-inthii>stcnmghlp'Ora'nges-
on Sunday. It is the 'old proverb,
"Strain/at a gnat and swallow a camel."*, I have tried to get into conver-
* sation with as ..many people as possible and there is an almost perfect
unanimity that this (N.Z.) is a "good
".country if you have a job, '
It must not, bo assumed that the
working class are wealthy, becauso
they are not, nor is there any'avenue
for (tliem obtaining wealth any moro
tion. The government is going to'
take a* referendum , as lo ..whether
there shall be national prohibition of
sale and manufacture in the whole of
tho country.' It requires 55 per cent
to bring it into effect, but, the vote
has* a dual .effect, the constituency
that votes dry are-lo go dry irrespective of the national vote failing io
carry for .prohibition. There is a
great' fight on in N. S. ■ W., where
prohibition overshadows ** everything
else.* Wages on lhe farms are low,
from four to six dollars a, week.
I will never forget the very "many
friends I have in Canada, having somo
of'the truest .friends that 'ever any
man had. The houses here are* built
Te'ry-^'jorrj^-'Tra'TfaiH^
There is just one weather board on
tho outside,* and just a guage and
paper cover on the scantling inside.
The roofs are corrugated sheeting.generally.  .      '    '*
It gets very warm during the day
and it is .the first month of-, spring.
The parks and ,gardens are full pf
flowers and,palms, so you can judge
for yourself."
Auckland, N. Z., Ocl. 12, 1910.
To the'Editor of "Tlie Life of Faith."
Sir,—Many of the readers of "The
Life of Faith' are familiar "-.villi the'
name  of  Glynn Vivian -Miners'   Mission.   ' This mission has done valuable
work among the miners in Wales, Japan aiid Johannesburg, South Africa.
•■ The Crow's Nest Pass in Alberta is
an extensive coal mining distinct. Here
are thousands of men having no hopo
and without God in the world, quite
unreached     by     existing     Christian
churches. , Whereas in the old country
Agnosticism is the exception, here it is
the rule;  rank Atheism is here also.
Throughout,the Pass, Socialism, drink
and gambling are the dominant powers.
Almosteevery man is a Socialist, and
as a Socialist is he is'hostile to the
Christian Church, becauso he conceives
that the church is hand-in-hand with
Capitalism,  which exploits  him,  consequently,* although there are churches
Jn the larger towns, the miners as a
class never enter a place of worship.
Hero in Hillcrest acknowledged to be
about the "toughest" placo Iu the Pass,
the Glynn Vivian Mission has built,its
hall, hitherto thero has been no place
of worship.   * During the week the hall
is used as a public reading room, this
meets a popular need and a good number of tho boys-arc to bo found thore
daily, reading periodicals or playing
simple games,' etc, ■  Of courso, this is
tho thin edge of the wedge.     Accustomed to attend the hall during the
week, they will not be so shy of coming to the Sunday services.     Meanwhile the homes are being visited, and
individual work being; done.     There
are about 600 people in Hillcrest, of
whom possibly 250. aro English speaking, the rest being Slavs, Italians and
French.     The Sunday service is yet
very poorly attended, usually about 15
adults being present, but the Sunday
school work is highly encouraging as
we have between 35 and 40 children.
Quite a respectable sum was donated towards equipping the reading room
but the miners themselves have been
asked for nolhing. '"
We are greatly in need of a musical
instrument to help the singing, which
at present is a somewhat painful affair.
Good music is such an attraction, A
small Belhorn organ would be a great
and welcome boon.
Yours in the "Master's service,   .
(Please  sign me  as  "Miner,"  Hillcrest.)     ,0
thirsty; and as- for gambling, as this
means -.taking a risk, which every
miner takes daily in following his occupation, 1 would ask if any of these
individuals who take sueh "interest in
our hereafter welfare ever criticize
the actions openly of those who gamble for profits with human lives as a
side stake. When do we hoar of these
self-appointed saviors of humanity telling the.operator's to install better appliances for safeguarding our, lives?
When do they investigate the causes
that result in accidents? Do they
call down the companies because men'
are discharged because of their refusal
to work in* dangerous places unless
made safe? ' No, sir!
. According to this writer's own statement there are GOO peoplo in this
camp and yet there is only one hotel
where liquors are served. Does this
look as though we were such a .terrible
bunch of hard drinkers? Again, the
R.N.W.M.P. who patrol this locality
and aro known for their strictness,
can show by their books that there is
very little crimo registered against
the Hillcrest residents.
If this individual is so anxious to
prove that the Socialist, philosophy
has not a sound base he has every opportunity given him to discuss the subject and be assured of a fair hearing.
Tho boys in this camp know full
well that the writer of tho letter feels
his material interests are at stake because they will not listen to his story
—hence the wall.
Yours truly,
A REAL MINER.
BIG BILL HAYWOOD
. ON THE FIRING LINE
Big Socialist Miner Stirring  Workers
of   British   Coal   Fields   ,
DRAFTING NEW COAL MINES
REGULATION  ACT
- Hillcrest, Alta.
Nov. 14, 19'LO.
To the Editor of the0"Disti-ict Ledger,"
Dear Sir,—The letter which 1 send
along with this tells its own story.
Here is a truly "Christian" way of trying to inveigle the working plugs into
being good by writing about us to the
old country papers. One might imagine that.-this place was named
wrongly for this writer's viewpoint,
awMnslead ot;"Hillcrest" this place
'A despatch to the New York Times
from Lon don says:
The, presence of William D. Haywood, of Idaho, a member of the Western Federation of Miners, in the Welsh
coal fields where extra police aud soldiers have been required to check the
rioting of strikers, is interesting the
authorities* wlio have to cope with the
situation. 'Considerable .tension still
prevails among the miners.
A number of continental labor leaders are in the district, but the authorities are .acquainted with their methods of conducting strikes a knowledge
which is lacking in the case of American labor chiefs.
Haywood has addressed the miners
at some of their demonstrations.
Though the strikers are remaining
quiet, troublesome undercurrents continue to manifest themselves, and as a
precaution the local militia, which is
made up of minors, has been ordered
to return to, tho supply station any
ammunition it. may possess.
THE "HONORABLES"
AND THE  WORKERS
"^
Deputy, Minister Tolmie of the Department of Mines, with the assistance of Chief Inspector Shepherd, is
busily engaged in .the redrafting of
the bill to amend' the Coal Mines Regulations Act, embodying the various
practical suggestions received from
miners and mine' owners during the.
tour of these'officials* through the
mining districts some weeks ago. The
bill has now been under especially
careful consideration during the years
past and when it passes- the legislature may be regarded with pride*as
one of the most complete and comprehensive, as well as practical, pieces
of legislation for' the protection of
the miners lives and-limbs to be found
upon the statute book of any land.—
Nanaimo- Free   Press.
■slToTfki"TfiPcalled-"Hellcrest? . The
"nice" manner of connecting Socialism with drink ancl gambling is certainly "laudable"'in'the extreme. We
have" an indistinct recollection of
hearjng "from slander, hypocrisy and
all uncharitabloness, Good Lord deliver us!"
I am a Socialist and enjoy attending
lectures ori the subject as it deals with
thoso mailers affecting our daily life,
also  I take a glass of beer     when
Lei no man fear the name of "So-
Cialisrii,' The movement of the working-.class for justice (by any other name
would-bo as terrible—Father William
Barry. .     . '
The Catholic priest who gave utterance to the above sentiment is worthy
of wearing tlie garb of the church.
—Tire-man-wlror" feels- fris~lre&Tt*_J"5af
for oppressed and "crushed humanity
is ii (rue and loyal disciple of the
Crucified Man, who nineteen hundred
years ago preached against the injustice of a privileged few who .grew arrogant on the slavery of labor.
.Father Barry is permeated with a
true Christian spirit, but his sentiments will not be rewarded by donations from the coffers of exploiters.—
Miners' Magazine.
By E. L. Dudley
"Honorable" men come to you voters
asking you for your votes. I wonder
what makes then ."honorable"?
They come to discuss0 sundry fake
issues of the campaign, but they will
not discuss the. real Issue of this and
all campaigns, which, is When will the
rich men get off the ,'poor worker's
back* and himself go to work!
-Likewise, they would have to go to
work should the wage worker send
one of his own kind to represent him in
the state and national legislature of
this country. *    *
• But thoy need not worry, nor do
they, for the wage worker of this place
will yet for somo time send aristocrats
liis most certain enemies, to misrepresent  him. *
' Thoy come to you with soft lies before election and with hands unhard-
encd by- toil - (for they do not produce
their-necessaries of life; you produce
theirs in addition .to your own). And
if they give you the warm hand before the election, thoy will give to labor the cold shoulder after.
And when thoy turn from you after
election and labor finds itself again
stung, you cannot fire them ..by tho
aid of the Socialist right of recall, as
lliey can and do in Los Angeles, but
have to submit for two or four years
more in silent disgust and suffering.
Xmas. is Wear
Christmas is now approaching'. Suitable presents now
on view. Call and see them.
Special attention is given to
Out-of-town Orders.
We have the Presents
Km.
The CORNER JEWELER
Victoria Ave., Fernie
j
H.L. BISSONNETTE
Veterinary Surgeon
©
ssss______a
Calls promptly made, day or night
and satisfaction assured
___3___5__353S'
Office, Fernie Livery.
Fernie. B.C.
As wage workers, as laborers' and
producers of wealth,* you havo nolhing
in common with those very aristocrats
that "cause you to give up half your
produce and pay double tho value 'for
the-necessaries of, life, in order, that
they may live without producing, In
order that you should slave and starve
while they feast and toll not.
Neither have you, as wago worker
arid producers of all the world's wealth
any interest In common with the part-
interests in tho political  world.
You havo no interest in common
with the Republican Party,'which represents the trusts in the Northern
states. You have no interest in lhe
Democratic party which represents
those same interests in (he Southern
Slates, that party which robbed tho
negro of his voto.
There is only ono party in which
you can work oii.equal  terras  with
"tmnrestnnmirTni lyrTmTTTTSftT^w in oir"
caii represent you and wliich you may
lie calk-d upon to represent, only ono
parly which desires or will bo ablo to
stop the robbery of (he poor wage
worker (by tho public ownership of
all tho means of production and distribution), only one party which has
always boon, is now, and always will
be, a party of and for and by (ho
worker, and that pnrty is the Socialist
party.
7
</1
11
it
Kl '
s
The   Very   Best   Investment   on   Earth
Is the  Earth Itself
tt-
Homeseekers
Art; you n homesookor, or ure you
Rooking n safe imd profitablo investment in llio district, of lho future, with
spring tlio wholo your round, soil of in-
oxlinnslililo fertility, crops growing
overy nioiilh in lho yoar, and trnnspor-
Inl.ioii at yonr vory door to tnko your
product*** to all marketn; whoro thero is
a finoooonn harbor, and whero grows
everything miInblo necessary for thc
eountry?
THE HEALTHIEST LOCATION
IN THE COUNTRY
"Whoro you  will   got  woll   on  tho
(•lillllll'*.
Whore liiedieiiio is unnecessary,
Whore- Ihero is plenty of. rainfall and
heavy (lows.
Where Ihe.oool   air   from   nearby
mountains eiuises rainfall every month
in the year.
Where you aro ai lhe ('oiih1„
Whore you do not need lo irrigate,
Whero ynu nro near tho deep water
ports, •
•\V-I     .11 .1.1 1   ..    . .1
llln.il,    tii>     1.1. I'.M.ln*.   _)!.._    Ml <■...-. .>   .mil.,
life "wovtli living.
Where it rarely freezes.
"Whoro thoro aro uo winters, eyelones,
blizzards or toriindnos.
Where the flowers bloom every month
ii . .    ,.
il,   vk.-u   tf«-uL.
Where you eivii wear tho Mime kind
of clothes comfortably nil tlio yenr
round.
Where you fnrm ovory month in the
year.
Whoro you save more thim you cnn
mnko Knstwnrtl.
Where llio lidu of imigmlion is rapidly going, nnd lnnd values nro rapidly
rising.
Whero the land will yield anything
equal to nny part of the country.
Whero sunstroke is never known.
I .vi -*-,". ,.'*t,-v*'.-.'i-...•■■■ •••.v,'.*-*'**-..' -. i- ■/.vj,-»<-■-,-• .in ■! .-v ,-. ..-v-*,-•  * -. ■   ,..,- ■•-,• .-,1-. .,:•■-,.■■■■.     ■■*,-,-      ■ .        ,..,„,   ■ -..„.,  .   -   ,,.,,. .,,. . .....  .-_,,..,   ,_, , , -,
l^-M;**..^ **!*' - -*:}7v,':,:*^:,:;.<-»;*vtvv>v777;7.-:v''7.:,'77,;-','!'.*: .^ . :r* v.* 7: ..•:j7..*>'.'*.77vv:*:7*1'7*';. .*
I ,..VV' , *.*■••'• ■,-yyry'-'.^yMi'y.-yy^ ykr yryyryyjy 7.'77*'-;^r*'**-*:- ''\7'*'.,*'*.**',-'7"7  ■.■■■.■■■■ - 7.-:.;*H;..■■.'"'.•.'■/••■-^;,yy ■:..■■ ■    v!"
**''    ,    • '1   "
,>*-lj,,j,,+ Jl
- •P'Zlti-Jiti'f
x'\\, •"■"''■",- * v. '"•*" , ^rrm
i,^mWm®Wi&
li-il _.__.■*-*r"' -t***'" *   r   '   »M#Mr_f_rl__fl_    ^f ^   "
SMALL INVESTORS OPPORTUNITY
Mflrlrpt uMlfmit-'d; vol I mont fertile;
climate ideal; middleman eliminated;
produ.-e from cultivator U> wwtmuei*
without inleriiietlinry. The proximity
to the principal coast cities of tho province furnishes Ihe best possible mnr-
kots. Transportation facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Ownor
A. CROWSTON
Branch Office, Roma Block, Fernio, B. O.
Headquarter., 1S37 Third Ave. VV.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
.
LOCATION: in the midst of mining,
himlw-rm-- nnd oilier hirpc imliHfrii**-*
which 'ifl'ortl large remunerative cm*
ployrnfnt In I lie owrii'i'i nf imall fiir-ii.**
in tho e.irly .siiigi-.s of their development.
TERMS: 10 p«-r rent rash; balance
ou terms to suit the purchaser. NO
INTKKKST OX UNPAID HAhANCK.
Homeseekers
Whcre-you do not work six mouths of
each year to ke.p from freezing ami
starving the other six niotilhs,
Where, vegetation is mi slrmig nnd so
rapid ns lo ;isl<>ui.-sli imv KiiMrrner.
Where five or It'll (teres put i.M I'rilil
or vctfi'inhle,-., or pniillry/'will make a
fori mie.
Where wnler is soft, pun*, imd plentiful.
Where rnttlesiiiikf-i are uul*iiowii.
Where ymi can live in n summer !mu-.'*
Mii'roiiiuletl by flowers, fruils nml iVru.,.
Where lliere are praelie-tlly no tuxes.
Wliel'e   ilis  so  henliliy     liuil     penplr
rarely die i'xerp| fr-nu "Id inre,
Where Inn*/ I rouble, t'lilai-rh, liny
fever, asthma, brunehiiis. rlieiimnlism
ami ull the ills of variable climate., are
practically unknown.
WIliTe yoll will live lilt ^i-ais luliizel*.
Where ymi uni'l* less and nhlnm
more limn in .my other plm u lartli,
Where your laml yields enormously,
and fivitfhl rale,-, are nol neeev-,,ii*y,
Where   lllel'e   N   III.    best    I'iOl.llir   ntul       I
llllll! lilt,'.
U Here all  lhe  lliilllsiries are ue-n*iiy.
Where •ifi'iD npporliniities are lyinu
dormant.
I'lVel'yoiie luiyjiu,' one of these t'iirilis
or lots piv'ini'es for Hie future and old
.'i lit;
Labor is the foundation of -uv.-iltli.
but without itM pr< etls invested you
will loil on to the end. Do not miss
tlie opportunity. The only difference
between  rich and  poor is one of in-
Vl-.*)|I1I-Ilt,
A farm in tl ruitry, and nt Hie
door of (lu cit,*..
To In: M>ld iii siuail parcels of fr-uu ft
to 10 aens nt terms to suit (in* pur.
i-hiifcer,
Practically nil the water front is a
elr-jiit  bed   fit   low,'  tide.
J PAGE F©UE
THK DISTRICT- LEDGER, fSKSm'yB. 0., DECEMBER 8r_^loV;
i ,-r:. :   ■> ._*_*, ■•
®fe Sisfrijc* £*&$#*
, Published every Saturday monung at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent adrertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds ef book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention,
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
X
utilizable commodity that is essential to his business whether it be contained in a dead machine or
a live individual. !.
The worker, noting the, wages paid "(i.e.--the nominal wages)-in the more skilled trades where-the
competition is not so acute as among the lesser
skilled, determines to obtain 'more knowledge so
that he may* get a higher price for his only sale-
commodity—-his labor* power—and like the purchaser thereof, is actuated because o£ his material
interests.' ' ,
■ With the development of industry and ,the .increase of intelligence among the producing class
the intensification of commercialism, proceeds
apace and the time aproaches when the system
upon which society is based to-day must undergo
a transformation.
THE  POWER  OF --•■--
ORGANIZED  DISCONTENT
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
ALARMIST REPORT CONDEMNED
T^ OR some time past the mines at Coal Creek
and Michel have not been worked to their full
capacity, and this week there are several of them
temporarily idle. This fact has given rise to the
circulation of alarming reports to the effect that
there will be a prolonged shutdown. Upon applying
for information at the proper source we learn that
somebody is guilty of gross misrepresentation, and
the cause of the cessation is the refusal of the Great
Northern Railway Co. to accept some consignments
because there was an abnormal quantity of rock
mixed with the coal, therefore the management
decided to shut down for the purpose of taking
.steps to eliminate this grievance. - Meanwhile certain needed adjustments and repairs sueh as are customary at this season of the year are receiving
attention. .
Although there is room for improvement and the
slackness of work is not conducive to the creation
of heavy pay envelopes, nevertheless the spreading
of exaggerated statements such as have been far
too numerous recently, is highly reprehensible and
the authors thereof should bear in mind that
a .truth is worse than a whole lie."
'half
THE ROYAL TECHNICAL COMMISSION
WORKERS    OPPOSE    TERRITORIALS
■T"*** HE insistent opposition of labor men generally
and the International Socialist Party universally against militarism in all of its forms whether in
its. open state, i.e. army and navy, or whether veneered partially under the titles of Militia, Boys'
Brigades, Boy Scouts or Territorials, creates vexation among those who often rush into print to declaim against such anti-patriotic (!) sentiment. As
an evidence of the hollowness of the pretensions of
the latter and their thinly masked hypocrisy the
foregoing stands out in bold relief to any who take
the trouble to make those comparisons (which dear
Mrs. Partington says are odious). The London
(Eng.) glass blowers introduced a motion at one
of their gatherings condemning the latest attempt
to militarize Great Britain through the medium of
the Territorials and use.them against members of
the working class should they rebel against conditions and go on strike. This action aroused the
Hon. Secretary of War to send a denial and shew
them wherein they erred, and that in the event of
such disturbance the use of Territorials was strictly
forbidden, quoting the following from the regulations:    .
"Duties in Aid of the Civil Pow«_."
(Not to Aid the Civil Powers)
"212—Officers and soldiers of the Territorial
"Force are not liable to be called out in aid of the
"civil powers as a military body in the preservation
"of peace." *
This  should  satisfy the most  captious  critics
TIIE recent visit to Fernie of.this body at the
instigation of the Dominion Government at
Ottawa marks a decided epoch in the labor movement in Canada
Although each province litis supervision over its
educational matters, yet the plan adopted was with
the full concurrence of the ministers of the different provinces because of thc realization that
better results would accrue, than if undertaken individually. If each of the nine units had appointed
separate commissions there would have been a
great waste of energy owing to repetition nnd
necessarily an attendant increase of expenditure;
under the course pursued this has been obviated,
consequently the ends desired are better subserved.
Inasmuch as vast areaB must be covered and
much time spent in gathering the requisite data,
it will probably be the latter part of 1911 or the
beginning of 11)12, before the report if. submitted,
when copies of the same will be distributed nnd
the representative legislative assemblies will then
take such steps in the promises as thoy may deem
advisable.
Practically all the constituent elements that go
to make up industrial society will hnvo been eon-
suited aud, despite the fact that the interests of
Labor and Capital are I'lindameutally divergent,
yet on this subject of tuehnieal education, ill lhe
main, they concur while viewing the question from
different angles,
.mm the viewpoint of tlie employer it is vitally
important Ihnt Ilie worker .should be skilled, there-
bv liccitininif a more efficient productive unit with
• x ***
a -/•orrespoinliiig diminution of cost, hence llm reason   for the unqualified supoi't   Ihat   is given  by
maiiitfiiclui'ers' association* and kindred bodies,
Iu the pasl the working class lias shown opposi-
ainongTheTdTfferent memWrF^FmduETial organ.*
zations, yet, strange to say,,many of them do not
believe'that "soft words butter no parsnips," and
instead of being satisfied to accept this as final
further examination of these regulations disclose
the following under caption of
"Special Constables."
"2.13.—His Majesty's subjects are bound, in
"case of the existence of riots, to use all reasonable
"endeavors, according to the necessity of the, occa-
"sion. to suppress and quell such "riots. Soldiers
"of the Territorial" Forces are NOT EXEMPT FOR
"TIIIS"GENERAL OBLIGATION, nnd they mny
"in common with all other subjects of His Majesty
'be required by the civil authority to act as special
"constables for such purposes. When so em-
" ployed they will be armed with thc ordinary
"constable staff and will not wear uniform."
"Cases in Which Weapons May be Used."
"21.4—In all cases of serious or dangerous riots
"and disturbance the civil authority may require
''His Majesty's subjects generally, including sol-
n
"dierfi of the Territorial Force, to nrm themselves
"with nnd uso othor weapons suitable to thc occasion, and sueh wcaons may be used accordingly
"by soldiers of the Territorial Force, according to
"the necessity of the case."
"Defence of Storehouse and Armories."
"215,—-Tn the event of nn nttnek upon tho store-
"houses nnd armories, soldiers of the Territorial
"Forces may combine and avail themselves of the
"organization to resist, nnd may use arms if the
''necessity of the- occasion requires it.'
The plight, of those who are i"iis lo build
up ii military organization to y i private proporly interests is Simply laughable Conscription
under no eirenmslaiiceH will be tolerated or even
seriously ion.sidert:d bv the fret: burn (!) Ilrilon,
* • i*> ' *
so some siigar-conletl remedies for this must be
built up ant) sweet sounding titles applied to them.
These bird-lime laid ies are losing their effective,
ness anil the worker wlio is to serve as a victim
"    By,. William, Restelle Shier
-|. ■*-   * - ' ','
"A thousand, men aglow with, faith
and determination,' says Upton Sinclair, "are stronger than a million
grown cautious and respectable."
In his "War of the Classes," Jack
London expresses himself in life fashion. "Five, men, standing together,"
he says, "may perform prodigies; 500
men,'' marching as marched the .historic Five Hundred of Marseilles, may
sack a palace and, destroy a king;
preaching the propaganda of a class
struggle, waging a class struggle along
political lines, and backed by the
moral and intellectual support of 10.-
000,000, more men of like convictions
throughout the world, many come
pretty close to realizing a revolution
in this America of ours." '
' Lord Rosebery said in * a , recent
speech, "Minorities should never' be
despised. Though weak to-day they
may bo strong to-morrow. A turn
of Fortune's wheel may. throw them
unexpectedly into power."
The International Socialist Mome-
ment," writes .Dr. Lyman Abbott, "Is
without exception the most pregnant
movement of modern times. It Is the
creation, not of one man or any set
of men, but of the tllanic forces
of social revolution. It Is becoming
a mighty force.attainlng great strength
Iri all civilized' countries. It has built
up a powerful press, and. furthermore
has produced a scientific and philosophical literature that commands the
respect of, scholars everywhere. It
numbers among Its advocates many
of the foremost writers, artists, thinkers, economists orators and scientists
of the' Old World and the New. It
is gaining control of the labor unions,
infecting the - military and bringing
iegslature under its sway. ' Its progress is steady, rapid, Irrepressible."
In 1867 the International Socialist
vote did not exceed 80,000. To-day It
is almost 9,000,000. It has multiplied
Itself three hundredfold within the
last forty years. ''
In 1867 Germany was the only
country in, which the Socialists' had
parliamentary representation. To-day
they are a recognleed factor in' the
public life of twenty-five modem nations. Im national legislatures, alone
they have 493 .deputies, while the
number of mayors, aldermen and
school trustees in. Europe and Great
Britain serving under the-red banner
of revolt approximates -12,000,
Nor are..the;_.Unit«d States.and Canada outside, tlieir sphere of influence.
There are hundreds of Socialist municipal officers (scattered over this continent. Alberta, British Columbia,
Wisconsin and Massachusetts have Socialists in their respective legslatures.
A Soicalist has now been elected to
Congress. And the presidential vote
has risen from 2,000 in 1892 to 457,-
"000""in™1908;—**—" '	
get''out their'Tiencils and analyze" three
things, namely the growth of Socialism
the' increase jn population and the
electoral returns' of various countries,
jlf'-^they -do., not make' them change
coiintenance they are poor" mathematicians. ~.ii    'r
_
Andrew Carnegie has warned business men that "the Socialist move-*
ment is-bound in the near future* to
have a marked effect on wages and
profits, on .the scale of professional
fees, on the rates of insurance, on "tho
value of stock, and real estate, on taxation, on the 0 cost of living, on the
hours of labor, ,in short, every department of human activity."
Once In the saddle the Socialists
would be able to carry out their elaborate program of social, political and
industrial reform.. They would-make
the courts, the militia „and the police
subservient to the interests of labor
They would use the taxing powers to
an unheard of extent, not against the
small property holders, but against the
rich. They would provide steady and
remunerative employment to all persons desiring to work, but unable to
find lt. They would thereby enable
the workers in the private Industries
to command higher wages and shorter
hours. They would enforce wholesome conditions in * the mines and
shops and factories. Thoy would extend the principle of public ownership into the domain of all highly
organized industries. They would Insure workiTig people against sickness,
accidents, old ag6 and death. ; They
would make medical treatment -just
as free as education. They would establish . bureaus of free legal advice.
They would, ultimately, completely
transform society, supplanting Industrial aristocracy by industrial democracy, private, control of the means of
life by public control of the means
of life, competltioon by co-operation.
This m,*sans a' struggle, a struggle
between those who have* little and
those who have 'much, a bitter, worldwide struggle between mass and class,
a struggle that will involve all sections
of the population, a struggle the outcome and duration of which no man
can'with certainty predict.      °'
An appreciation of present-day tendencies led Professor Godwin Smith
to say "Society is nearlng one of those
periods of stress and storm thut stand
out as landmarks ln the world's history." and that "the time has now come
when no man" deserves to be called
Intelligent who neglects to inform
himself about" the Socialist' movement."
It is quite plain from, these figures
that society is .confronted not with a,
theory, but wth a revolutionary movement of the first magnitude, .Indeed,
If Socialism keps on spreading Rt
this rate it will he the dominant power within the next decade pr two.
Many persons will receive this last
statement with derision.   But let them
CHARTER FOR WESTERN,
FEDERATION OF MINERS
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Nov. 25—Whether
the Western Federation of Miners willi
be granted a charter by the American
Federation of Labor was the subject of
a- lengthy discussion at to-day'B session
"No-decision was arrived""a"t~wfien~iad-
journment was made. The report of
the committee directing that labor federations in the several states be directed to Investigate the cnarges that the
United States Steel corporation is Importing criminal. labor from Europe
was adopted.. The convention adopted
a resolution tb congress urging the .exclusion of Asiatic labor	
Ladies' Lace Waists
Beautiful designs in Silk lined and at just
half price.'   Special, ^at 2.00, 3.00 and $3.75'
Children's Sheep Skin
Sleigh Robes
With Pocket $6.00, without Pocket, $4.00
l
° i       * -.
r. (1
Ladies9 and Children's
i*. ,,
Sweater Coats
All the new styles, warm and comfortable
and cozy.   Now selling $1.75 to $10.00
ii j
Felt Slippers for All
.,*•-_        *
Men's, Women's and Children's Felt Shoes
and Slippers at right prices. , .
Men's Tailor Made
Extra Special Values in Serges, Worsteds
and Tweeds and made in correct 4fe-| R
and styles and pleasing patterns      ™ ■ **.
Toy
Top   Floor..  Display   of   Dolls   and Toys,
Bigger and  Better than ever, prices lower.
BLEASDELL'S
Xmas. Presents
Children's Toys
Phone 118
t
Fernie
*kkk*******khAA***Akkkk*kkA*k*Ak*kA*AAAr\kkkkk****k***
tion, quite frequently amounting to -"violence-, in
tlii'ir attt'i|i|il,s to pn.*vi*iit Uic aUKj-ttwii ol lai/or tn,>-i h'*"1-"-*-;  i'«i«"""»"-  «"**"»•*>  *-■*■'..   -.*■■«''.-< .-•■•■■.■•■-^  •■).(■■.-■-■
JlI JLlf J__*r Jl
Us pay money to white labor |:
>■
>
>
lt*****************************k*********************i
FERNIE STEAM LAUNDRY
Trites-Wood Co., Ltd,
! STOVES! STOVES!
•
Ai.tig-hts,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
You are now Eolnj. through this world for the last time:
Why Not
i     • ,
live on tho best and nothing but the beet, and ko t«
The 41 Market Co.
for your rociiilrcmentu lu Mcntn, Fresh Killed and Government In-
Bpocted; Filth, Uuttor, Ercb, Ham. Uncon, Etc.
3. Graham, Local Manager
])liii'in|j iiiiii'liini'i*,v, umi n--.-u.--r fiuu-iui-itt iiu'ii.oii-t,
whereas now, not only have they recoijiiizod tlie
futility uf siu-li lift ion tliey nlso nn* -.'ivine; concrete
evidence of Iln' Win-fits us iiMiiniTii liy i\w, International 1 yj'o-»*T-i|.i)]'*;ii \ hh-ii, im* Mittl ..clai
Worker-*, Uu* electrical workers iuul others who have
estuhlishcd schools of iii*-.!nu-tion under tlieir own
supervision.
Coiihi-ioUhly iu many cases, nnd, subconsciously
with others, the workers, alive to tho inevitability
of th.- •.itn--.. i-JiM, box',' r>*.i'*)i---I Mie .•->n-")ii',i'*'.t fh.if
the more the drain is trained tn tfrasp the. mcchani-
fa! jimlili-m-*. incid .it 1 _ indu _ry th<* m**re •,-apa'hlc
it heroines to h-.1v.-- the social |>roh>l<-iii*t that vox the
body politic
fn .iri-'f, if tuny he rtntoil (hat fh*_ -.mi,*-.oyer, ah'v..
to his own material interests, will advocate nny
measures that may enhance the value of even*
tions, mitt in order lo hoislcr up lhe case lies Unit
have tlie essence of transparency are resorted to.
Assertions that Iht. Territorials would only he used
itt extreme caves will not deceive nnv lmt the iiin<*T
superficial, consequent upon the different viewpoint entertained as to what constitutes extreme
varying aeeortlini? to the material introosts of those
involved.
fill/.-!! Mildi-*ry lii-cauM* of ils ime-Ttaiiily is of
fiucliniiahle value owinj* to the dnnht entertained
as to its reliability, (,'onclusivv evidence of this
is j-nM-j.tfd by the Action of thc authorities in
the South Wales coal fit-Ids ordering that
tin* Ii»-al militia, largely eompohwi o£ miners, must
return any amunitioa they haw to the local nupply
Htfction. .*■'
Central
Hotel
Workingman's Home
,i
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ImL
Ledger Ads Pay
Prairie Hay
Thu quality is
good and tho
prieo is rift'ht
Q, W, HEMBLING
Dldsbury     -      Alto.
YOU71 ^Clil-hn
*#t5*J «OMrt it*.*,  t*     ..n   *■:
bimr.   hi rnn,—..., ,:
Utcl-U ild. ._•.,,  '.. .. «.     „
*»l**tvrT*r,r*r i\..
' 1a» »ww tl «-.|i . .it * »■
IF   YOU   WANT
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers* Goods Always on Hand
VICTORIA AVENUE FERNIE, B. C. THE DISTRICT LXDftMt, FgRMIB, B. C, D5C1MB1B 3,1910.
PAGE FIVE
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♦ ♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ♦
♦ COAL  CREEK   BY;174.        ♦
♦ '*♦.
*-<•*-♦♦_*-' ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦
" We regret to advise - that our old
friend, "W. H. Evans, after only a couple of weeks'* work has ..again had to
lay off. _ We understand the doctor
has advised him.to return to Los Angeles. A benefit concert-is being held
iri the Miners* Opera House on Sunday
evening, the 4th in6t.c. on behalf of
our unfortunate comrade, when it in
to be hoped the proceeds will be of a
substantial nature.     Admission 25c.
Ike Wattleworth left last week for a
trip to Nicola Valley;-
-    Pat Lavry left the camp last week
for. a trip to Montana. , ',
We are sorry to have to announce
" the death on Friday night last of Hubert Clark, tho 7 year old son of Mr.
and Mrs. Willinm Clark, of Welsh
, Camp.' The child took ill about a
woek previous to his death, wltk
abscesses ln the neck. Our sympathy, and the sympathy of all In the
Creek is extended to the parents.
The Christmas billiard tournament
started at the club during the present
week. The presents are sensible and
appropriate, in shape of fine fat gobblers, which will doubtless add their
charm to a number of festive, boards
on the festive day now approachimg.
. The mines were idle up here lost
Saturday.
T. Wakelcm has put away his pick
and taken up his duties ao fire boas
in No. 5 mine on the night shift.
Eliza Evans has lately been th« victim of a plethora of unfortunate incidents. A fortnight ago she lost
her mother, and has now had the misfortune to fall down and hurt her
thigh.", She was advised to go to th«
Fernie Hospital for treatment, aad lo
now an inmate under thc care of Dr.
Corsan.
' John   E.   Smith,   president   of  the
Gladstone Local, was down at Blairmore on Wednesday on dietrict business. ,
-'A grand concert and dance will be
held  in  the  Club  Hall  on the  IStk
, December,  the    whole    of    the jh-o-
ceeds to be devoted to the purpose
-, of making presents to the children of
'■the Creek on New Year's Eve.   y
The whole of the mines oa the
south side of the. Creek were laid
idle on' Wednesday. This, we understand,  is  owing, to   the.   "rocky"
 cnnditionl-of—the__p___al,__whlch._whe__L.
remedied, at an early.'date, will bring
a resumption of work. "An unbridled
tongue is the cause' of much .woe." See
Editorial.
-Owing to the mines being closed
quito a number of men* have drawn
their time during the week and are
pulling out for fresh fields and pastures new.
Quite ;a number of ' Inquisitive
Scotchmen are speculating. on the
meaning of the notice which has been
posted up at the Creek inviting all
" Scotchmen, old, and young, to attend
at tho Roma jfotel on Sunday afternoon. Wo understand that quite a
number of them are determined to investigate. Wo offer tho suggestion that somo of the ardent Scottlos
might vest themselves.In kilts for the
occasion) though, to uso an' old pun,
wlillo somo of thom might* seriously
object to allowing themselves to bo
kll't with tho cold, thoy would most
assuredly bo kauld 1' tho kilt.
A trip of cars ran down the out-
Hldo Incltno of No. R mlno on Wednen-
■ day morning nnd damaged tho trestle
work io such anextont that oporation
■■ had to bo suspended for the day.
Tho damage was .rectified for the following morning, Thursday, when tho
slopo hoist wont on tho bum, causing
tho mon In tho alopo district to ro-
turn homo, ■
Joo Orafton, tn spite, of his disguise, was noticed here on Thursday.
ITo In still exploiting tho advantage!
of tlio fruit growing Industry.
Tho examination for competoscy.nB
coal minors will bo hold ln , No. •
tlmo offlco on Monday noxt, the Gth
liiHt. All minors who liavo not yet
got thoir papers should tako advantage of this opportunity,
Old friends and acquaintances of
Nathan Mitchell will be sorry to
learn that he passed away at Fernie
Hospital on Thursday afternoon. In
the first instance it was supposed
that he was down with an attackof
the grip, but on removal to the hospital it was found that he was in reality suffering severely' with erysipelas. The deceased man -was a native of Cumberland, England, and
had been In this country for about
10 months. <
The funeral will take place on Sunday under the auspices of the U. M.W.
of A. when a special train will run for
the accommodation of those wishing to
attend.
CROWTHER—DAVENPORT
A> quiet wedding was celebrated at
the home of Mr and Mrs. Sharpies
on Tuesday between John Crowther
and Harriet Davenport. The Rev.
Dlmmick officiated. The bride is a
recent arrival from Cottonopolle-by-
the-Canal.
BORN —At Whitehaven, England, on
November Ilth, a daughter to Mr
and Mrs. Jos. W. Buchanan. Mother
and daughter are doing well.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
MICHEL   NOTES.
COR UN NOTES
**>♦♦■♦♦
SECRETARY PERRY
ISSUES NOTICES
<*«->•*»♦♦-♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Mr.   Jack  Truran   and   Fred   Mast
paid Corbin a visit on Thursday.
Billy is on the warpath.   All's fair
ln love and war.
On Friday evening there was a
grnnd concert In aid of the Cbi_in
Social Club. . With Mr. J. B. Thomas
In the chair, the following programme
was rendered. Messrs. Bell and
Dafls, violin solo; Msis Chambers,
selection; Mr! Albert Allan, comic
song, "I am doing his job now/' encore "Peep a,bow'; Corbin Glee party
selection; Mr. J. Daniels, solo; Messrs
Allen and Warrea, duet,- "Master and
man"; Mr. Joe Chambers, eolo;
Mi-sees McDonald, dialogue, emtltled,
"Maids in Society"; Mr. A. M. Black
comic song, "Who dare tread on the
tail of my coat". Mr. Albert Allen,
comic song, "I'm the Plumber,' encore, "That's how he sat on the tack";
Mrs; R. E. Nulty, recitation, ■ entitled
"New Year's Eve,' encore "Th* Cre
■■nation of Sam McGee'; Corbin Glee
party, selectlom; Mrs. Warrem and
compnay, song, "The Grasshoppers,"
This ended an excellent programme,
after which the floor was cleared and
'dancing—"""commenced:
broke up in
morning.
Mrs. Ted Armstrong, of Michel, was
her on Monday renewing old acquaintances. . ■! . ■ . _j
* .Mr. Wade and Mr. Ball*paid a brief
visit to Michel on Thursday. The
butcher returning after a stay of 7
minutes. Mr. Ball returning the same
evening after settling some important business.
Mr. Dan McDonald, of Michel, was
here on Tuesday, He says there Is
no plr/o like Michel,for him,
On Tuesday evening a special train
bring back tho organizers of the Oddfellows' lodge which was organised on
Tuesday night, initiating 27 new members to the Corbin branch.
Mr. B. J. Lewis Is paying a visit
to Fornio and Mlchol for a fow days.
Harry Kirkeberg, who has been
in the employ of the Crow Nest for
some years past in various capacities,
driver, boss, tire boss, and was also
one who passed a very creditable
examination for pit boss as well as
the certificates from the St'John's Ambulance, leaves shortly with his wife
and little boy to take up the joys and
felicities incident to homesteading in
the vicinity of.Red Deer, Alta. He
carries with him the best wishes of his
friends in his new sphere of life, working above ground Instead of gaining
his livelihood beneath it.
Construction on the new building
between Trites Wood and the Opera
House ln Old Town Is being rushed as
rapidly as the saw and hammer artists can worki
There is a sign on the outer door
of the English Church that would lead
one to suppose that lt. was la a flourishing financial condition, but this Is
merely a banner announcng the title
of a moving picture film.
Thomas Crahan, of the Hotel Michel, is away on a short business trip
to the "land of the free "(?)
* Several of our residents attended'
the 'At Home' given by the Fernie
K. P.; and all report having enjoyed
themselves to their heart's content.
The moving pictures at the Opera
House under the able management of
H.G. Ix.clf.hart are well patronized..
Mr. Tom Prentice of the A...Mac\
donald Co. was here this week on behalf of the firm.
Potter, of the I.C.S. spent sereval
days here this week looking Jor investors .and met with considerable success.
The time of the year has arrived
when—
"You must be wise, you must ,be good
And help your wife to cut the wood.','
l ne—dative;
the early hours of, the
I desire to inform you that
the  assessment  of 25  cents
per week, or one dollar per
month, is still in effect and '
will continue indefinitely.'
While our International Executive Board, in the early-
fall antcipated at that time,
that-the assessment would be
discontinued soon thereafter,
its hopes failed to materialize
and consequently the assessment will continue unlil such
time as settlements are made
and all our men are at work.
Many of our local unions in
different sections of the country have made application for
exoneration from the assessment. The Board, however,
ruled that exoneration would
not be granted under any consideration. But if a local,
union Is making every reasonable effort to pay the assessment, and cannot; I am authorized by the Executive Board
to extend the time of payment
of the assessment of such
local unions.
, Our local unions will be
promptly advised when conditions will warrant cither a reduction of the amount of the
assessment or the abolishment of the assessment entirely.
Fraternally yours,   ,
. EDWIN PERRY.
Secretary-Treasurer
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it-
Letters To
The Editor
i
******
The editor is   not   responsible for
articles that are sent- in.    ,.
♦ ' H-MMffft  NOT**. ♦
♦ '   ♦
♦ «.♦♦♦♦ ♦'•♦ -+- *-<* * <#-
Dr.  Wilson,  superintendent of the
Presbyterian Home Missions in B. C,
occupied the pulpit in the presbyter-
ian Church here Sunday. o
*_
Robert Gourlay,.   our    enterprising
hotel keeper, has installed   a   Victor
electric gramaphone in his bar. "Rob-
»,»+,»».»,»,»»»»»,»♦»■»»
Coleman
Wm. Muir
Prop.
Coleman,
,,        . Nov. 28, 1910
To the Editor ot "The District Ledger.'
Sir,—Kindly allow me space in your
paper to bring to the notice of every
reader who is a member of District
No. 18 the Important duty that devolves upon him to net in the best in-
terebls of himself and the organization
at the next election of Dis'trict Officers
which is to take place the second week
of December.
It. will be for them to decide whether they shall re-elect the present officers for another term or not.
Now It goes without saying that if
men have.honest convictions they are
bound to acknowledge thnt the present conditions of District No. 18 on
the whole, are satisfactory. Of course
we all know things are not perfect
and never will be, therefore wo must
not deceive ourselves by expecting to
get them so In these days of agitation
and strife.
I refrain from enumerating the good
results that have been achieved in the
District during the past two years, but
perhaps Imay be pardoned for quoting
a few that have been brought before
the; eyes of'the public at different
times, through the columns of the
Ledger ^  '
- One of the many Important cases
that our officials fought' to a finish was
that of one of our Belgium members
at Frank, Imprisoned charged with an
attempt to take the life o.f a fellow
worker through a runaway car which
was proved-to be a false accusation,
nnd after, several weeks seclusion was
liberated and his Innocence completely
established. Now let me ask what
would have been the case if the organization had not Interceded for him?
Again, wc Know a few weeks ago
at Blairmore a man lost his life and
another nearly so, owing to lack of
veDtllatlon, and at the Inquest we find
the district officials asking pertinent
questions and ln a, practical manner
pointing out the .slackness ot some
company' officials in their duty and
non-compliance with the Coal Mines
Regulation Act
MINERS' BODIES BLOWN INTO AIR
Five Bodies Recovered—Fourteen Killed or Entombed—Gas Probable
Cause of Explotlon
ANTLERS, Okla., Nov. 28.—Fourteen minors wero killed or entombed
ln a mlno 20 miles north of hore todny. Five bodlcn hnvo beon recovered. Nine men were entombed in the
mlno and Socretary Thornae of the
mining company says thore Is no
doubt that all were killed.
Ttie five mon whoso bodies havo
boen recovered wore thrown from tho
mouth ot the mine moro thnn 100 feot
Into the nlr. Tho cnuso of the oxploslon hns not beea determined but It
Is believed to havo resulted from gas
formation. The mlno Is tho property
of tho Choctaw Asphalt Company ot
St. Lou'.h,
errisTwiningT<rbet"th"at"ite~th"e"finest"
instrument between here * and * the
coast. -
, * Now that the election day for district officers is getting "near, we hope
to see our nominee for vice-president,
J. A. Tupper, getting some consideration from brother members iri this district. Don't think we are canvassing
but we have an Idea that a close vote
gives our officials a keener sense of
their responsibility, t      ;
Our smoker for the Sick Fund hns
the appearance of being a great success, quite a ibt of local talent having already consented to assist us;
and with lots of the stuff that is supposed to cheer, there is promise of a
lively evening on December 13th.
. The mines were Idle again Tuesdny.
We'd ndvlso the Hosmer merchants to
limit their stock of Christmas goods.
- The ambulance class which was
formed recently held thoir first practice last Wednesday evening, Dr. Higgins, being tho Instructor..
Tom Fltepatrick Is wearing a broad
smllo these days. Tom reports tho
arrival at his house of a 10 lb malo
boarder.
Bort Swan ton Is about to sever hli*
connection aa chlof mechanic with the
Hosmer Mince. Bert is heading for
tho const, The bnsebnllcrs will loso
an enthusiastic fan.
At the Hosmer Opera House on Friday evening tho children of Hosmer
gave a large nudlonco a treat In the
shape of recitations, action songs, etc,
and their performance refloctn great
credit on themselves nnd thoir Instructor, Mrs, Musgrovo nnd Mrs. Brown-
rlgg. Tho entertainment, was for tho
benefit of tho Ladies' Aid of tho Mothodlst Church.
Tho men omployod In No. 2 sonm
bnllotod on tho proposed contract for
thut Honm last Thursday, tlio rosult
bolng a Hinnll mnjorlty ln favor of contrnct.
PrcHlilont Powell nnd Socrotnry Cnr-
tor woro horo Tuondny to sign tlio
ngreomenl for No, 2.
Uomncr minera nominated W. Pnrt-
rldgo, W. llnnl.Jn and _ . Dlcldo for
tho poHltlon of oxnmlnorn nn tho
(lovprnmonl MliiorB' Exnmlnntion
Hon nl,
22's-WeWfy'bWgeTTSid"2or_*eacff
us until 4 o'clock Friday, hence reason for non-appearance.
"THE  NEED OF  REVISING
MORALS AND LAWS."
~~°™u*i*i.s l*_ua._i_._w.U.*.m^,_.-___'.- .. ;,\',.*iil<*'
1
nr tt r.*
i n jo.
t ?7 n _r c
JL   JU, JT  JU, JL*
A pamphlet with "tlie above title
reached us this week". It is a lecture
delivered by. Lady Cook (nee Claflin)
and published for the modest sum of
one penny by Hayman,-Christy and
Lilly..Ltd., 113-115, Farringdon Road,
London, E.C.
Tho subject treated Is one that all
parents Bhould discuss with their children, but * is often deferred by a false
modesty, only to regret, their -stupidity
In after years' .
The social evil Is touched upon, and
the fonrful conditions existing criticized, but tho remedy advocated is valueless until the causo , bo eliminated.
Tho authoress Is , more. Interested In
the subject bocauso'oif Its Influence
upon taxation than lu.tho.only possible
solution—the abolition'of tho profit
system from* which all of society's
nilments omnnnto. The Malthuslan
theory, which has a certain vnluo
whon first ndvanced,-becnuso of tho
existing premises upon which lt was
bnsed, under "a sano system lii an anachronism, because to-dny there is
abundnnco for all lt oquttnbly (not
equally) distributed, It Is theso
methods that need revolutionising,
then the potty bourgeois suggestion*-,
thnt chnractorlues this locturo can be
throws on tho scrnp heap of ob«o-
lotlam.
Thore Is much thnt we could objoct
to, yot, nt the nnmn time the nmount
expended, one penny, hns often boon
spent without ns'much benefit an will
bo nffordod by a porusnl of this brochure
We can speairb"prdly~fhlfrtfie~llrie~6_"
economy that our present officers have
followed is music tb our ears when it
echoes the fact that the district is
out of debt. Furthermore,, this is
pleasant news, particularly so If we
should have to meet trouble at the end
of this existing agreement (which I do
hope we will not). Again, Mr. Editor,
that in view of the good work thnt has
beon done by the present administration, I say frankly It is not wisdom to
chango for men who liave not been
tried with the reins of government. I
am afraid that we are too prone to
show appreciation by placing flowers
on the caskets of our friends, whereas
we should be showing a more humane
and brotherly spirit by praising.tliem
while alive. Give them a pnt on
tlio bnck and a word of encouragement
as their tasks ai*o by no monns light
ones. Finally, let us cleave to that
whicli hns ben tried nnd not, found
wnntlng, and nt, the samo tlmo wo cnn
show an appreciation when tho hoc-
ond wcok ln December nrrlvcs,
AN OBSERVER
WHOLESALE
Mrs.  Anna  Kelly,
DREEDING
AVVI80.
Mlnatorl cl pregglnmo di Informarvl
dl stnro via dl Mlchol, B, C„ quello
cho 6loto fuorl, osRendo che nc-1 tempo
presente vie molta gento dlsROccupntn.
MAURICE  BURRELL,
8egretnrIo   dl   FInnnza dull; Unlono
Localle n. 2,33-t Michel, B. C.
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
"SCOTCH LASSES" AID
THE FISHERMEN
There nro two HnnsoitH for cnlchlng
lierrlngH on tho west coiiHt of ICurnpo,
One bcglna Into In Mny or curly In
Juno nt tho Orkney IhIiuhIh nnd follows! thc tthtmU ot herrings down the
onst conHt of Scotland and ftnalnnil
until It rcnciies  Yarmouth, wliero It
IU.,1',1 i.ilii.i     ./,"    l.iilj     jit
tlio Trndo nnd Consular
go out In trnwolrH
R. FAIRCLOUGH, &__±!£_
COAL CREEK, B. C.
<■_.,*..v hiiv l;i
Octobor, imyn
Report.
Tho fluhormon
nnd lnnd thn'r catch at. tlin numerous
porta nlont? this -roast, The fifth nrt**
wold In V-rnriH" containing 1000 herring ench. In n good nonnon the
trawler ownom nnd tlto fishermen nnd
NMicrwomnn mnko good profits but In
a poor season tho reverse happens.
Ono feature of the herring bohrou at
tho dlfforont ports on tho onst const
Is tho arrival of tho "Scotch lasses,"
who follow Uie fishing fleet* down
anil "Kill" ami "plcklo" ihe fluh on
the pier*** an they aro brought In by
the trawlers.
In a good aenoon these "lAM<in" will
earn from *8 to (10 , but In a poor oen-
hoc. llko the pr-riifnt one, they will y-v
colvn little more thnn thoir board,
which tn piarnmr-rrt them on engage*
ment.
or  Phllndelplilii,
Is thirty-flvo yonrsnlil niul hIio hnn lind
nlneloon chlldron.     lior ItiiHliniid  Ini
n driver and hlfi wngos senreoly miftlce j
lo support himself nnd wlfo,    Hut hIioi
iitteinpletl Hoinoliow or oilier to innkn |
Hie monoy Htrolcli fur enough to e.ovoi"
hoiiio of the wauls of Iter lilg brood.
Hut lier ability Ih nut  grent  i-nom-li,'
I .-oluibly hIiu didn't Itntiw how In   ceo* ■
lionils.0, nnd hnd mil Hludled diet charte-
mid did not know how to make over:
I'lolliet* and dn tin- other tilings n poor'
linin'H wlfo HllOlllll. i
PoiiHlbly, though, tlio time ulie hnd
to give to lirlngliig children Into (lie
world, one a year, nt'leiiHt, iioinetlnit'i;
twins to breikk tho m'-t'nntony, did not
lonvo her many spnro houra o study
nnytlilng. i
.So  Ii'iV.   m'i>;  iufi  i'i-.' ii  ,u ;<-■").'>,■.'  iui
not feeding, clolhliiK nnd proporly car-.
Inir for her nineteenth. A vlgllnnt i
society KUnpr-t'iH hor of Htnrvlng It, nnd '■
Fernie
Orchestra
MuhIchI I'ni'tioH antl DniiocHcatoro.l
for.   Thn lies', ami very lat tut
music in Mu*. district
Vor pnrtlt'tiliir apply lii
Thotk Mcutiartoblle, Dox 333' Pernio
ar Siir. Zaecarro
Your Last
Chance
I have some splendid pieces
of Fruit Land property located on Arrow Lakes, to
sell at prices far below the
normal. If you are in the
market   to   buy   write  to
Joe Grafton
P. O. Box 48
Fernie       -       B. G
W e b e r' s
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
a horrified  nml  outrngoil  society  Ik!
fnlne rn Titinlnth her.
.lot tioelety did not «ceni In the leitnt.
concerned over the number of children;
ulio wan lirliiRlng Into tho world,.with j
no nieiniH of providing for thom,     In
oplte of allour prating and posing about |
finered motherhood,   thore Ih nothing
we pennllze- moro sovorely nnd there Ih
no one we tnko ndvnntngo of qiilchor
tlmn tho mother,     In thlH Innrnwo
there l» no blninenttitehetl to tho   woman Mm did not know any bottor, and
an nitemtp to teach hor bettor would
bring forth howling the wholo cohorts
of law, order anil -social murder.   For,
I If ihe Anna K-*llys of th-**- world ***-<-r*'
| laiicht  better, whero would  wn    get
| material for our foiinnlln***: asylums and
I charltnblo inMltutfontvT
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
Sunday, Dec. 4th
Big Benefit Concert
Aid of W. H.  Evans   ,.
Program of Music and Pictures
Tickets 25c Now Selling at Box Office
I
ci PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 3, 1910.
Utah Fuel Company's Rules
Governing Shot-Firing
.Outside the Mines
By A.- C\ Waits. Chief Engineer'     ,;
The main supplies of powder are ]
kept in iho magazine at safe distance*;
from the.mines, habitations, and the |
traveled ma'.n roads. The powder for j
daily use is distributed from small j
magazines situated near the mine en-,
trances and to which the, miners go |
ou their way to work. In ihe distri-j
buting magazines not more than -IS j
hours supply of powder is kept. The ]
giant and black powders arc not kept |
in the same magazine. The giant.-1
powder distributing magazines are j
'equipped -.villi steam thawing coils, the j
steam not being under pressure. The j
floors of all the distributing houses are j
of soft earth which is kept moist so ■
that, any powder that falls, on them j
will lie rendered harmless. Acc-u- j
mutations of inflammable materials j
are strictly forbidden in or around thej
magazines. *
Care is taken to keop intoxicated
persons away from the magazines, and
tho powder man must lie temperate
and not an habitual smoker, when on
* duty he is not allowed tobacco,
matches, nor any material wliich
might create a spark. All lighting Is
done by electricity from tho outside,
and in the magazine Lhe powder man
wears rubber or cork soles and heels.
Only the powder man is allowed inside
the magazine when powder is -being
distributed, and no person with a
light, or who is smoking, is allowed
closer than 25 feet.
But one can (25 pounds) of black
powder may be opened at a time; to
open this the powder man must use a
wooden mallet and a hardwood wedge.
Before tho cans are thrown away, all
powder possible is removed and then
water is poured into lho can.
.To obtain powder the workman
must hand in an empty zinc can that
will hold G*4 pounds. The powder
nian is not allowed to give out more
to one man, nor to give powder to any
one who lias not the regulation can to
keep it in.
Xo frozen giant powder is -given
the miners. The maximum amount
of giant pow(i»r issued for any working place is 15 sticks (ii inch in diameter), and no fulminate caps are delivered io any person without a written order from tlio superintendent or
foreman: The powder man is not
allowed to issue powder for company
use without written orders.* The detonators are delivered to thc men by
tlie shot inspectors as needed for. immediate uso.
___^J _-J_.S_i.de   the   Mines'
No workman is allowed to take into
the mine moi-Q.- than G*/t pounds of
powder, and he is prohibited from accumulating powder in, the mine in
excess of daily needs. This rule is
enforced by rigid inspection. Not
more than two cans of black powder
(one per man) may bo,kept in any
working place. The company t furnishes a wooden box .approximately
8 inches x 9 inches' x 16 inches inside dimensions with a hinged lid for
keeping powder cans in. The workman must furnish his own lock aiid
keep the box locked when not handling tho powder. Whenever these
boxes are broken the workman must
Immediately call upon tho mine foreman for a new one, Tho powder boxes
must be at least »0 feet from those
of nnotlior working plnco. In entries
they must be 200 feet from tho fnco, In
rooms 10 feot. from tho fnco, or when
kopt nround n projecting pillar they
must be 75 feot from the fnce, nnd
they must, bo kept from tho lmmcdlnlo
vicinity of the mine trucks..
Dynnnilto must be cnrrlod into tho
mlno In approved canvas sucks. If,
by chance, giant becomes frozen, the
minor must not under any circumstances nttempl to thnw It out. In the
mine. The giant powder Is kept in
wooden boxes in llio mlno nnd tho
rules for bliick-pDwder boxes apply to
the boxen eon In Ini iik glitnt. No boys
under Kl yeur-i of ugu are allowed to
nbinln explosives from iho ningiizlno
nor lo curry tliem Inlo the mine, nor
to bundle thorn, nor lo chnrgo or lire
n hole.
Shooting   Regulations
Miiicrs nre prohibited from Kinoklng
when making up cartridges, and must
place open lights 5 feet away and on
sueh side of them that the air-current
will carry any possible sparks away
from lhe powder. Cartridges must.be
so made that they can be easily shoved into the hole; and to tamp them,
a wooden stick must be used for giant
and a wooden stick, orca stick with a
copper head, for black powder,
All coal dust must'be taken from
the holes before they are charged, and
the cuttings and dust must be Shoveled back a sufficient distance from the
face so that there will be no danger
of ignition when the shot is fired.
Miners are prohibited from using mine
dirt for tamping. All hoIe_ must be
tamped with wet, wood pulp. No
shots may be fired until all places
within 30 yards of the face are in a
wet condition. When squibs nre used
for firing they must not bo saturated
with oil, nor tampered with to shorten
the time' they would ordinarily burn.
Shots aro not allowed to be fired
where, there Is standing gas in i.tw
•ieinity. If gas Is encountered mu
non-gaseous mine the firing can only
be done after, all the places0in tho
vicinity have ben examined by the
shot inspectors or fire bosses and pronounced safe. After firing the places
must be examined for gas before the
miner Is allowed to work.
Recharging of Holes
It is not permitted to recharge
standing shots, or parts of standing
shots, nor may holes which have missed fire be reopened, except that holes
charged with giant powder and tamped with wood pulp,,,may be reopened
and recharged with new exploders by
the shot inspectors. In such cases
'tlie miners are not allowed to enter
thoir working place until the shot inspectors have withdrawn or fired the
misfire. After black powder misfires
or delayed shots, the miner is
not allowed to return to his working
place for 30 minutes if a fuse was used
or 15 minutes if a_ squib was used.
/When, black powder- charges have
missed firo they cannot be withdrawn,
and- the minor must drill a new hole
IS inches from the old charge, and
have it fired before any other holes
are fired in the-working place or any'
other work done. Miners cannot fire
shots during the working hours until
they have notified the.workmen in the
vicinity who might be endangered
thereby, and have given tliem time
to  seek places of safety.
When giant' powder • is used, the
..holes,are not charged until'the*miner
___. .'.ni..li.- In Ino \.__ f!.__ _v_i».____________*. fi /....
 *=^— w-~«., „~—,v,,-, v,— v.iv, —uuuyi J**-***1-,1 Lcl_
the-holes are charged he is not allowed to work at (he face until after the
shots are fired. Not more "than 5
sticks of giant powder (30 or 40 per
cent powder in 7-S inch sticks is used)
are allowed in one hole. When using
black powder the holes must, not contain more than 10 inches of powder In
cartridges 1% inches in diameter, and
miners are warned not. to use more
than necessary. This latter phase
has to be watched by the shot Inspectors, as many of tho miners are
Ignorant as to the proper amount of
powder to use.
Size and Placing of Holes
Holes cannot be over 5 feet in
length, and Jf thoy aro drilled depor
they must, bo filled up with clny or
wot wood pulp. If thoy are not E feet
the shot inspectors require thom to be
mado so or demand a now hole bo
drilled. The drill holo Hhould bo C
Inches loss in length than the coal
undercut. Drill holes must not. bo
loss thnn 12 inchos from the rib at
tho nearest plnco, In undormlnod
narrow work tho same instructions up-
ply. In shooting off tho solid, every
holo must, bo plncod obliquely and uot
lmvo more thnn -I foot of a lift nt tho
buck end. When not shooting by
electricity, center Hhots must bo I'lrod
first. In all ciiHOH holos must bo nt
least 2y_ foot doop; no shorlor holes
nro allowable, All undercutting Is
(lone boforo drilling or shooting, unless Instructions nro to lho contrary,
In two of tlio mines whore the conl Is
ihln Iuul tight, tlio holes nro pinned
not. mure tlmn fi foot, npnrl, nnd not
lens than two holm, mny bo flnnl at
llio wiiiio ilnie,     In conl ovor 7 feot,
no,hole may be more than 6 feet above
the floor at the back end. Tho bottom bench must be shot down before
the top bench. In soams from 12 to
16 feet'thick a boitom bench of 7 feet
is first taken down and the top bench
is usually taken down when the olllars
are being drawn.
Shooting by Electricity .-.
All persons must be out of the mines
beforo, any shots are fired, and to insure this, a careful record is kept of
every man entering' the mine, with the
location of his working. It is the
duty of the shot firer to. know that all
men are out. of the mine, and he must
also, shut off all electric currents going into the mine. He must then enter the mine and close all shooting
switches. These switches are In
boxes and, locked open with handle
showing through the bottom of. tlio
box. After coming out of the mine,
nnd before throwing in the main shooting switch, wliich is located outsldo,
the shot firer must see that a proper
signal is posted in a conspicuous place
warning everybody that shooting Is to
take place, and he must also see that
no one is in the vicinity of the mouth
of the mine. The main shooting
switch.is kept in a cabin which,,is always locked except when the shooting
is done. After the shooting, and before the electric currents going into
the mine aro turned on and persons
are --permitted to enter the mine, the
shot* firer* must go inside, open all
switches controlling them and report
at the mouth of the mine that this bas
been done.'. At the time of shooting,
the speed of the ventilating fan ,is reduced to one-third.
Shot  Inspectors
In the mines where shooting is done
with black powdei. shot inspectors
continually visit tho working places,
inspect the placing and preparations
of shots and see that all tho rules
are obeyed. They must refuse to allow any shots to be fired which, in
their judgment, might, be dangerous.
Tliey arc not allowed to take any
chances but*are-instructed to always
be on the safe side. They must refuse to permit the firing of any'shots
in rooms or entries which would tend
to make such places wider than allowed. If, after having warned a miner
not to put in or shoot a certain shot,
thoy find that their instructions have
been disobeyed, the' shot inspectors
must send the man out of lhe mine
and report him to the mine foreman.
The shot inspectors are required to
keop a sufficient (supply-of wet wood
HUNTERS'&TRAPPERS'QUBDE?f^ua
n?i,..„H_w;„.,_     i "   _ c _   .**nT* D(^v»,'™-<*-*mim*_l_ to traps, »1,00ncr-K-ltlo   Sinn .nut
Diduud!taw_ud_M___zhc._i)r_cH. Andcmch Jlros..Uect. fll    _toneiwlis._li_
TiifliroiriTaiffT.
In the mines wli'ero' tho shooting
is done electrically,' the shot inspectors take, in aiid distribute the electric
exploders. These they carry in leather bags done up in bundles of 1, 2
and 3 exploders each. The miner
purchases-a ticket good for a certain
number of exploders and as,thc shot
inspector gives out exploders he
punches the ticket accordingly. But
ono exploder is allowed for each hole.
The shot inspector thon loads the
holes, and after they are loaded the
miner must leave tho mine.
When moro than one shift is worked
nil places must be examined by a fire
boss before. the new shift goes to
work. If nny charges'aro found that
havo fniled to explode he must detach
tho shooting wires Immediately and
report the plnco, The use of wood
pulp permits the drawing of tho
chnrgo, and this Is always dono aftor
tho charges hnvo fnllod to'oxplodo the
socond tlmo. The lending wires nro
then examined If the cnuso of tho
mlnned shot Is not known boforo,
Boflides tho fire bosses nnd shot Inspectors, tho mlno foremen exercise
tho usunl supervision of tho workings,
nnd spoclnl attention Is paid by tho
general mlno Inspector to tho uso o£
powder In tho mines.—Mines nnd
Mlnornls.
they can at any moment recall him
from  that  position.
. If he votes  wrong or acts wrong,
they can  censure him, and   if   they
choose, fire him.
He must give an account of himself
frequently. The committees of the
party, and the membership of the
party, get from him reports weekly
of exactly what he is doing.
He can take'no step not appproved
of by the organization and whenever,
any question of principle arises , it
must first be decided .by a general
vote of tho whole   organization.
Mr. Hearst owns the independence
party, and'he can dispose of it at his
own price, "
But Mr. Debs does not o*syn'the Socialist party, and he can no more sell
it than a wago worker is a steel
trust.
And the same is true as regards the
newspapers. They belong to the
party. Their editors, their managers
and their reporters nre hired by tho
party and paid for by the* party. Nobody can sell tho Socialist papers except the party itself.
IiV other words, the Socialist party
is a demonstration in Democracy.
, It cannot make st rious mistakes,
unless the people make serious mistakes. It cannot be sold unless the
people sell' themselves.
Wo hear much nowadays about the
people's rule. But go up and down
the land and scan carefully, every
political organization and see if you
can find other political organizations
in which the people rule.
The Socialists aro building a nation
within a nation.
They are establishing democracy as
they go along. Every step js a step
forward in democracy.
Prom the time the party first employs an organizer and begins .to sell
newspapers, up to the time it takes
into its hands town councils, state
legislatures and even national governments, it represents* the onward rush
or .democracy, that is lo say, the people's rule.
The party knows that it will bo
capable of ruling the nation democrat en ll-,*-, because il has ruled democratically-' every institution that has
come* into its hands at any stage of
its 'advance,.      , •     ■
When two or throe Socialists first
gathered together this democracy began.
When thousands upon thousands
joined the Socialist organization this
democracy ' was ' broadened and
strengthened."
 When       ' millinng     *, ni.nn millions.
throughout the'world came into the
Socialist movement this democracy
was not abandoned.
It is in "working order in every
country of the' world; Russia and
Germany, as well as hore.
No; do not fear, When the Socialists come into power they are not going to sell out."
No one.can sell what he does not
own, and no man, nor any set of men
own the Socialist party.
It can only be sold by the rank and
file, and thoy have nbout as little incentive to sell themselves as you
would havo to Invite a public hangman to put a noose nbout your neck.
NEWS AND NOTES
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,  D.  D. S.
DENTIST. " ti    ,"-'
Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; ' Phone 72
-ernie
B. ,C.
WILL THE SOCIALISTS SELL OUT?
WJ
'NoAl
um!
■ime
PUspktie
K_
\lm/   "Alum in food mint therefore act as a polion."
•*-/W. Jahnian, Yalt Un'witiily.
a
Road tho I she!*    Buy no
Jl\     halting  nnwiit*^  imfane*  ah**
Grcssrn of Tartar guarantee
is ijivctie
M'  D___K_J>___bffl __fl__ BDB-tfflhk
t,.,, _HV     _Wfl_ |J*^J^T_-^l f^a   lH^a^V ■ FW*^^^^ ^^kj PWr ^W_
urniius
CREAM
Baking Powder
A straight, honest, Cream of Tartar
Dakiny Powder. Made from Grapes.
Makes better, more healthful food.
&Gld Without dOGGfittOtta
b
By Bobort Hunter
It Ih snld now and then, "When
yon Socialists got. into power yon will
bo just ns corrupt, us I hoso now In
power,"
Woll, Socialists ninkc no clnlm to
being mi potior human beings As n
fuel, llioy nro JiihI iih liable to go
wrong ns oilier liiimnn IioIiikh
But lmvo you ovor nollood thnl. So-
oliillHlH oloolod to public offlco In Ihls
country mid nhroad do not go wrong?
And can you Imuglno why?
Tho SoelnllHlf* hnvo grout powor In
some plneoH Thoy might got n very
liiuidiioiiio  Hum  for thoir vol oh
And tlio HnclnllHtH pnpoi'H might bo
"Holl'-Hiipportlng" if Ihey could only bo
Induced to noropl. brlhcii,
Vol, Hlniiigo to wny, SocIiiIIhI IckIh-
Iiiioih do nut gti wrong, ami SoclnllHt
PIIP'TH  lit)   IHll   Ht'll.Olll,
Tlw l'M.-( Ih. And cnii ynu Imagine
why?   •
In llm flint place tlmy ciinnot. Tin'
pnpoi'K, the Ii-kIhIiiIoi'h, llio olflclitlH,
lhe oiKiiiil/.i'i'H, tin- wholo party mu-
clilni'i'y In owned by tin* rnnk und fllo,
II1 n tniHt miigntitc bought a So-
olitllHt ho would got burned, Ho
•.*. on in gt-i. nothing inn, tlmt. mnn.
'.'.ii- il.t) iiici'i- tin: fegitiinior nnld
himself bin l'ullout'iH would be gono,
his crotlouilnls would bo falcon nwny
from lilm nnd bo would no longer
rt'liri-Hont nnybndy or nnytlilug oxcopt
hlmuolf
When nn organization Ih owned by
ii Iiohh, the boss cnn hcII thnl. organization.
When ThorunH V. Uynn biiyn Murphy lm biiyH tho wholo Tammany out-
rlt—lloiitonnntM, captains, wnnl hed-
orn nnd ovon tho (.hoop liko voter;..
Hut wlillo n SoclnllHt londor might
bv bought, hu c'liuuii deliver the S_o
rl'illHi organization, uocuuao lio docs
not own tho orgnnlxntlon.
In fnct tho orgaulitiitloii owns lilm.
Ilo Ih a servant of the organization,
elected by tho rank arid fllo nnd ofton
pnld  for  hlR  work.
Tho mwmbfirshlp cnn dlsponuo with
his service* whenever thoy eo desir*.
If ho Ih olecie.i to n public pool I Ion
First Aid After Colliery Explosions
In the course of an ambulance lecture delivered at Cromer Camp, by
J. Henton White, M.D., F.R.C.S.B., the
following suggestions wero offered for
relief parties: (1) Do no\ go near
the^ site of the- explosion until some
means of ventilation has been devised
(2} The rescue party should go with
the fresh air current if posible. (3-
Six or seven men form convenient
sized parties.' , (4- Each party should
be followed up by a relief after a short
interval. (5- Men exhausted by a
long day's work, or after a long walk,
or with empty stomachs should not be
selected, (6) Each party should
take a small bird In a cage, and a
mouse. The bird will die very soon
if after-damp be encountered; and
some timo before the1 men are at all
affected the mouse will show signs of
distress and stagger about shortly
afterwards. This is tho-danger signal, and the party must at once return, taking with them their patients
if possible; but they must retire, in
nny case, to fresh air, they will be
overcome by the gas. (7) If ono of
the party becomes affected, all must
retire forthwith. (8) , The circumstance that the lamp burns brightly
"and that the flame is not "capped" jg
no.sign of freedom of the airn-om
after-damp. 7 (9) Never attempt to
perform artificial respiration in the
mine, Get the patient out quickly
not attempting any elaborate treatment of injuries. (10) In fractures
of the lower extremities merely tie
both ankles and knees together. , Put
fractured arms alongside the trunk
and tie to the side by two broad bandages. In' fractured collar bone put
a pad in the armpits and tie the arm
to the side at the elbow. . In severe
haemorrhage put on a tourniquet
above and do not stop to dress the
wound. . (11) Uso discretion in deciding which patient to save first, if
you come upon a crowd of wounded
mon. fractured spines take long to
move, rarely recover, and the time
so spent might save two "or three
more promising cases. (12) Get
after-damp cases to the pithead as
quickly as possible. It is ..better to-
save'one than io get two up just too
lafe. In' some pits oxygen helmets
may be available; Ihey aro cumbersome, and men can do little rescue
work wtih them on unless the wounded ,' are very near to the shaft they
are of .l__ttIe__ji___e___aj_fii)J__]^i_hap_s_JI'__
DR. J.  BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
W. R. Ross K. C. w. S. Lane
ROSS & LANE
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.   .
Canada.
FIRE-DAMP IN MINE AIR
At tho Inst general meeting of tho,
Mining Institute of Scotland discussion wns resumed on the papers contributed by Dr. Thomns Grny, Technical College, Glnsgowi on "Tho Detection and Estimation of Fire-Damp In
Mlno Air." and "Tho Composlton of
tho Atmosph'oro of somo Representative Coal and Shnlo Mlnos In Scot-
Innd." An Important contribution to
tho discussion wnH by Professor La-
tlium, Glasgow University, who snld
that In view of tho figures furnished
by Dr. Gray ono would nnturnlly como
to tho conclusion thnt tho mines In
Scotland woro, nt nny rato so fnr as
tho proHonco of Inflnmmnblo gnu wiib
concerned, quite Bttfo nnd froo from
dangor, Such, howovor, was dourly
not tlm ciiho In vlow of the stntlfitlefl
furnished In Mr. Mottrnm'H roporl, for
the West of Scotlnnd district for tlio
yonr 101)0, PorHonully ho quite ngrood
with tho nuthor whon ho Hnld Unit,
thoro woro only two HntlHfnotory mo*
tliods of detecting and estimating tho
mine. In fnct, so fnr ns such work
iit-tiinlly In the "mlno wns concornod,
ho wiih propnrod to go oven furl hor
nnd Hny thnt. detection .nntl nuilinntlnii
by moniiH of flnmo cnpH wim llio ono
and only mot Imd of nny prnotlcml vnluo, Ilo did not wlfih for ono momont!
to undorrnto lho vnluo of niipiirnlim
Hiieh iih Dr. .Iliildinio'H, bocniiHo ho
thought mont highly of It, oHpooliilly
In lth larger form, but tlio proper plnco
for Hiieh nppnriitUH wiih nt tlio Hiirfncfl
whon It could, whon uocoHHiiry, bo kuc-
I'OHHfttlly employed lo confirm or nth*
t'l'WiHO.   fllllllU   flip   l'OHIlllH,       Willi   ru*
gard to tho type of Kiifoly-luiup lent,
ndoptotl for thlH t'liiHH of worlc thorn
woio vnrloiiH opInloiiH, For IiIh purl,
In' did not think Unit HntlHfnotory rn*
hiiIih could bo oblnlnod from nny lnmp
In which, owing to tlio liiminoHlty
nf tho flnniM, It wiih iiocohhiii'v Io re*
dure the ntv.o ot tho flnmo whon ttvtt-
•iih m uiu'i.-i iu i*.iit.i*r tlto i*.i|i>> \t.-ii6i7',
It might jioKnlhly bit contended thut
for all pi'.'iftlf-ul purpoHOH It wa« sufficient to meiiHuro prorontngoH down to
tho limit NiiggoHtod by tho Itoynl Com*
mlHKlon- wbntnvot* ttie limit rnlt'ht lw
—-mid lo do UiIh by moniiH of u flnine
whoso riiinto of testing Htoppod short
nt mii'Ii n limit. Thnl wnH not hl«
vlow, for, -whorr-nn with mich flnnioH
tho enp glvon by the limit porcontngo
wuh vory small nnd indlBtlnet, with
flnmoH such n« hydrogen nny percentage from u..ri upward*-, could bo readily
olmorvt-'il nnd ltd cap height menBUr-
cd. Ho desired, howovor, to bo clonr-
ly undortttooil thnt ho wns not Hiiggost*
Ing the nccosslty for tenting for In*
rinmmnblo gnu down lo nny 0,15 por
cont,, but Mmply tho employment of
f!am<*« which would do thin on account of tho lnrRoly locronnod nho ot
enpit obtnlnod thereby by tliolr uso,
specially for p^rccnttiR-wii botwoon 1
nnd fl.—SV-ietirt. and Art of Mining.
tho first party going down after the
accident.
DECAY OF CHURCH ATTENDANCE
The British correspondent of The
Presbyterian said recently:*—"One of
the complaints of the churches here
foi'- long has boen that men. especially
in foreign missionary work, are Inclined to perform their religious duties
by proxy—especially If. they, are married men. 'In the world's broad field
of battle, in „the bivouac of life, You
will find the Christian soldier, Represented by his wife.' But the complaint, is growing wider in these days
of suffragists, The women aro disappearing from the churches as well as
the mon—especially, at tho week-ends.
The 'week-end habit' Is hnvlng a serious effect on the welfare of our city
churches."' Motor cars havo much to
answer for In this respect, but tho
holiday habit, has struck down Into
nil ranks, so that.clerks, trndesmen,
girl typistH, etc., rush away 'from
Saturday lo Mondny, whore—It mat
tors not, If only It Is somowhoro olso.
In 1903, tho churchos of London collected £-19,000 for tho Hospital Sun-
day Fund. In 1909 the collections
only nmounted lo £33,000, Dr. Horton puts this down almost, entirely to
tlio weok-ond hnblt, nnd nd vises tho
Hospltnl Commlttoo to find somo
moium of,putting a rnto on wook-
Gliders and motorists, as the church-
gnors In this mattor cnn do no more.
Not moro thnn a thirteenth of tho po-
pttlntlon of London attend church,,
Jr/tl JL_ jr\.vy JzL
Barber  Shop
Across from Fcrnic Livery
ew*ammaaeaaaammaaama*aaaammmaaa*mmma*mMmmma^M»am
First 'class work gunriinteed,
Drop in nnd convince yourself,
R.i7or Honln-j n  Specialty.
Q.   RADLAND,   Proprietor.
L. P. Eckstein ' D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street Fernie B. C.
F. C.Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
W. A. CONNELL
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
Fernie *,
ESTIMATES FURNISHED '
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Queen's Hotel
RESTAURANT
Under New Management
Excellent   Table  and „
all white help
Additional  Table for.
28 More Men
ROY A L
HOTEL
FERNIE
"■■'iBHr.'Btaiw
Bar Unexcelled  .
All White Help ,
Everything    °
Up-to-date
■I--' Calf in and
see us once
NORTHERN
HOTEL
-Wm, Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
_mHN_pnnniPi. a urn iild..
'luunnviafi I'VU.
KING'S HOTEL
Bur supplied will;  Uio  bont Wines,
Liquors and Oigiivs
DINING ROOM  TN  CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop.
Loans
On first elasn
business and residential  property,
DROP  IN  AND TALK THE
MATTER   OVER   WITH   U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
**************************
•< >•
> -
& Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Open ftn* nil Icindu of IniHlnptw
in tlieir lliu"
Address Box 07
Fornio
*9 K
N G E R
£ WI KG
MACHINE   CO
$  WM.     BARTON  J
.'.*.t~i.'.   rvwtii.   a******.**
I Pcllrvtt    Ave.    North >•
t >■
**************************
LIVERY
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
George Barton
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Commercial
imd Tourist, House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
JOHN B.  WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and TruBtee| auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALGARY, ALTA.
P. O,  Box 308
H. H. Depew
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER    AND
CONTRACTOR
P. O. DOX 423.
FERNIE
YOUNG WHI8KY
iiouiIh iikoIiih io mellow It down bo
iih to mnko It i/alulalilo to tho -con-
litiltnlsllt',
GOOD OLDWHI8KY SOLD HERE
WHOLE8ALE ONLY
Wlion you try It, you'll bo suro to
"buy It." Wo Imvo.rtyca, Malt, Scotch
nntl Irish, and nil from bont makes
known.
WHISKY. HERIi
BY THE CA8E ONLY
THE POLLOCK WINE CO. LTD.
Ledger Ads Pay t
«4.l..4Mr-«
r n
7
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER 3, 1910.
PAGE SEVEH
U
ll
hy*
It
Pi Carosella
Wholesale.Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes.
Gents' Furnishings
, BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
The Week's Mews for
Our Foreign Brothers 1
I
TOLSTOJ  ZOMREL
~*********1**********1*******
ROMA HOTEL   J
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
.. Rate's $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining Roum M
*****************kwkk*****
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.V nedel'u dna 30.. novembra, o 6.05
fano zomrel ,v Astopove;' v Rusku sve-
toehyrny muz. spisovatel' a priatel1
proben^ho l'udu, grof Lev Nikolajevie
Tolstoj.-—-Smrt* prisla tisko,' zomrel bez
toho, aby sa bol s cirkvou smieril, a5k-
ol'vek tato na to Cakala. Pred dom-
om, v ktorom' Tolstoj zomieral stal
jeden ' pravoslavny pop, aby umiera-
jucemu "prekliatcovi" posled'nu ute-
chu udelil. Ale Tolslojova rodiua
popa do domu nevpustila — 'p'reklia-
tec" sa s cirkvou smierit' nechcel.
.Grof Lev NikloajeviC Tolstoj narodll
sa dna 28 Augusta, 1828 v Jasnej Pol-
jane, v Gubernl Tulskej v dodinke vz-
dlalenej od Moskvy asl 150 mil. Ked"
bol trl roky star*? zombrela
mu matka a o . dva ro'gy
neskorsle zomrel mu otec. Ked'
mu bolo 23 rokvo vstupll Co dobrovolntk
do rtiskej armady a suCnstnil sa aktiv-
neKrymskoj valky. Uz vtedy bol llt-
erarne ciiinj-m, ale jeho skutoCnn clnnost' literarna datuje sa od doby kedy
vystupil.z armady.
' V roku 1862 pojmul Tolostoj za man-
?.elku dct§ru istdho profesora z mos-
kevskej university, ktora mu bola
skuto enou druZkou v jeho burllvom
Eivote. .. „
Grof Tolstoj bol vel'mi plodnym
splsovatel'om a jeho niekto re spisy
su prelo£en6 aj do Sloven Clny (Kreut-
zerova Sonata, Vzkrlesenle. Otroctvo
novej doby a in£). Pre svoje hlasanle
nefalSovanej Kristovej nauky prisiel
Tolstoj do sporu s ruskou pravoslavnou
cirkvou, ktora ho v roku 1901 preklitila
a z lona cirkve 5o praSlvu ovcu ho vy-
povedala. Tolstoj si hromZenla clrkye
nevSimunul. a svoje presvedCenie aid
po vyobcovani nozmenil. Jakym bol
takym zomrel, acklo'vek cirkev chcela
jeho slabosti pred smrt'ou ve svoj pros-
pech vyuzitkovat.' Chcela. aby k
zomlerajucemu starcovi* bol vpusteny
knaz, ktorj* by ho bol s bohom smieril.
Co by z'toho boly, klerikalne Casopisy
potom vytl'kaly,' to vie jeden kazdy z
nas. -      . -
Tolstoj bol grofom, ale okrem mena
nebolo no .'nom  nie  grofskeho.     Sii
jako  mu2ik,  pracoval jako  mu2ik' a
tieZ'aj zomrel jako muzik. -   Zastaval
sa utlaCeneho chudobneho ruskeho naroda a kde mohol aj hmotne pomahal.
Zastaval sa rozkolnikov, ruskych'kaci-
rov,   zvlalt'   duchoborcov, _s  ktorj-mi
sympatisoval.      Svojimi spismi naro-
bil mnoho ■neprijomnosti nielen cirkvi,
ale aj' vlade, ktora ich- konflskovala,
_kde len na ne prisla. ' Ale na sam6ho
Tolstojo ruku neyro2ila._7~Tjvm"cTtel7
nejSie prenasledovala Tolstoja cirkev,
a jako oznamnuju zpravy, ide ho ta
samotna cirkey prenasledovat' eite i
po smrti.     Na svojom rozhbdnutl "ne-
chce nifieho zmenlt* odoprela pohreb
dl'a obradov pravoslavnej cirkve'1 a bl-
skupom bolo zakazano vykonavat' za
zomroteho jakdkol'vek rekvie. Je to ma
lomocny* vztek clrkevnej"    hlerachie,
ktora ho exkomunikovala, a ktora sa
ha nom mstl c§te i za lirobom.     To
ovSem   slavnemu   muzovl   na   Skodu
nebude.     Jeho Zivot, jeho praca, jeho
snaky a myslienky. ufilhin jeho pomiat-
ku   nesmrtolnou,
dei trasmettitori di Vancouver quale il
seguente:
KRUZ.Vs. CROW.S NEST COAL CO.,
Limited '   *
II giudice Clements oggi a deciso che
in relazione dei lavoratori morti nella
mine della provincia dell Columbia
Brittanica.- Qiialora i suoi parenti rl-
siedono nei vecchi paesi ovvero all'-
estero non polrannoricevere la picna
compensazione sotto l'articolo di com-
pensazione per i lavoratori di questa
provincia. Avranno soltanto diritto
quelle personi residenti nella su detta.
II giudice Wilson a tal'uopo a sotto-
messa la questione ail un metodo per
ricupcrare la su detta,, ma sotto l'articolo di detta -legge non awl giuris-
dlzione a procedcre perche risulta im-
possslbblo di procedere ad un arbl-
trato ocl altro.. 11 giudice Clements,
a rifiutato di rispondere al rnedislmo
riguardo. II risultato di questo e
che tutti i strariieri che dipendono da
lavoratori cho temporaneamente osta-
blle risiedoo in questa provincia.
Laso qualcun di essi venisse a morlre
per causa di infortunio (del suo dovere)
i parent!' non potranno ricevere la
plena compensazione. T. P. Davis,
K.C, rappresentante la compagnia dl*
carbone; S. S. Taylor, K.C, e C, W.
Craig rappresentante l'unione dei.min-
atori D'america.
Nol cercbiamo a tal'uopo di richia-
mare l'attenzione di tutti i lettori e
piii specialmente coloro.che sono lavoratori di miniere. Per 11 fatto che
questo pienamento insegna cosa possa
essere emessc-* attraverso l'organizza-
zione dei minatori D'America. II caso
su indicato e stato*. l'ultimo colpo, ed
il sopra citato risultato indica . che
molte vedove ed orfani residenti nella
Gran Brittania, Italia. Russia ed Aus-
But when all the fuss is made about
your,"vote "you" never for a moment
suspect that a precious gold mine resides in .that vote.-. .      , _*....,_    ,-
That vote decides your future. It
decides the fate,."of , your children.
With that vote' you give certain persons the privilege to tax you, and
then to spend out of tbe income millions of dollars every year.   ■
.With that Vote you select men to
betray you, - They pat you on the
back, set up the drinks aud cigars
until they get that vote, and then
they bargain with men higher up and
sell you out.
, Most men give away their votes.
They are so anxious to help those who
betray them that they even march and
shout for them.
A few men refuse to give away
their votes. They sell them; They are
worth in the market from $2 to $10
apiece. And the same men who speak
and write and jolly you into giving
your vote to them buy the votes of
those who don't give them away.
They have got to have the votes.
And if they cannot get thom for nothing, they buy them with good money.
Did you ever think about that? Did
you ever study out why lt is that some
men in this country are willing to do
almost anything to got your vote?
And do you think men are willing to
do almost anything to gel something
that is'worth nothing?
If your vote is so valuable to them,
why should it not be valuable to you?
- If your vote is worth billions to the
low, why is lt not worth something to
you?
And, did you ever think how it is
that the man' to whom you give your
vote is willing to give $10 to your
neghbour to get. his .vote?
If you sell or gire away a' horse,
you expect the one that gets the horse
to make profit out. of. it. You know
that men are not paying money for
horses unless they expect to make a
profit out of horses. .
But when men spent millions to induce you to sell or give away your
vote, you seem to think they are good
natured philanthropists, .whose only
wish is to serve you.
You go about in a dream." You
hear the great men speak. You listen
to their high sentiments and splendid
patriotism, and you can hardly wait
until election day- to express your approval.
Well, some people give away their
votes, and some people sell their votes
It amounts to the same thing in the
end. For the people who want your
votes, your city and your money, somehow get your vote, your city ancl your
money.',
Perhaps you think I am a cynic.
Well, when a group of men come to-
you and says, "Look here, wo want to
work for you, servo you, fight for you.
Now, don't refuse; we'll do it for nothing.     All you do is—vote for us.
"Have a cigar?. No? Want a drink?
What? Don't drink? Well, here's
some ?10 bills. We're giving them
away.    Take oiie"—then, I say, watch
OUt. ' 6
. And remember, don't throw your
votes away. They may be title deeds
to wealth, to justice and to liberty.
Strong Healthy Women
It a woman is strong and healthy in a womanly way, motherhood means to her but little suffering. ' Tbe trouble lies'
in the fact that the many women suffer from weakness and
disease of the distinctly feminine organism and are unfitted
for motherhood.   This can be remedied.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
Cures the weaknesses and disorders of tvou-ten.
, It  acts  directly on  the delicate and  important   ,
organs concerned in- motherhood, making them
healthy,   strong,   vigorous,' virile   and   elastic.
"Favorite Prescription" banishes the indispositions of the
period of expectancy and makes baby's advent easy and
almost painless.    It   quickens   and vitalizes the  feminine
organs, and insures a healthy and robust  baby.   Thousands  of women have
testified to its marvelous merits.
It Makes Weak Women Strong.     It Makes Stck Women Well.
Honestdruggists do not offer substitutes, and urge them upon*you as," just
as good."   Accept no secret nostrum in place of this non-secret remedy.    It
contains not a drop of alcohol and not a grain of habit-forming or injurious
drugs.    Is a pure glyceric extract of healing, native American roots.
tria Ungaria, etc., non avranno . diritto a ricuperarc detta Compensazione
in pieno che la legge dt questi paesi
emana per tutti i lavoratori.
In ogni di questi casi indivlduali
dopo che i loro parent! anno perduto
il braccio supremo della loro esis-
tenza e non avendo fondi abbastanza
per sazziare l'appetito legallsta che
come di eansueto in detti casi richled-''
dono somme enormi sono costretti a
rasegnarsi alta piu squallida miseria,
Attal'uopo noi raccomandiamo a
tutti 1 lavoratori per uiuu-energica az-
ione collettiva in modo da le vedovl
ed i loro figli non siano privati da cod-
esto per quando meschino benefizio
che ,1a cazzorra capitalista alligatori-
amente ci. a regalato. - .
"^A~Tal^ign^do"^i~f^irmente—coni--"
prende le enormi spese che si devono
nffronta per ogni dl questi cosi chia-
hiati fuorl legge.
II su citato deve richimare l'attenzione di tutti coloro che non nella organizzazione del'Minatori Uniti D'America' e spingerli ad divenirne membri,
Great   Northern  Ry.
\ Fernie Dairy
VRESJT.   MTLK.
delivered    to   till   _
parts*of tho town
Z OBORU  PRACE
From Fernie to Toronto and Return f $64.35
From "-.■' Montreal1" " - 69.35
From '   (<     '   New York "       ■ 80.35;
For further particulars make application to
LOCAL OFFICE, G. N. RAILWAY
SPRAWA FEDORENKO
Sanders  _  Verhaest  Brothers.
Proprietors
i
>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Shoemaker&Repairer
lien! iiiiiIei'iiil*-! only used
nnd Iirst cltins work
maiislilp t'liHiiri'-i
A Good Job
JOE . ALVO     li9Sl..*l.,Ji?.!.J!_!.?.?i*
«tfT.»«MK»lr
-   .iiii
nutUdnotUt, without cliiw, intuo
l'ntt-nu t»k-.n tlirouiih Mtin*i,i*Xo. roo«IM
i-JVIVUMit'*)'' «** •»**■«.*»* 6*l5V"*.
AhtndM_« ly UliwimttHl weekly, btritiut oir-
wlftioo of anr toitsnilfle Jftutmrt. ,T«rmf for
nil n»wwc_l*_. ..      „    ,
MUNN s_o«,DM,d*,y* New York
ftuea OboaTJU V 8U Wubtovtoo, .0.0. *
C. P. R. TRAIN SERVICE.
Sundny lust, n now Hmecard <vent
into effect and Mow wo glvo Mij
tiianficii that affect thin point:
312—3:20 a. m. Local, oaetbound.
313-~10;00, noBUlnr pnw.en_.or wc"1'
hound.
7   11*. 10, Flyor, wont hound.
314—18:10, Regular pan'ionger,
tantbound.
311—20:38, Local, wentbound.
8—-21:39, Flyer, e*»tf»out>d.
VJ-buch plynov udal sa dim S novembra v Dolaguo, Colo v ulilodolu ktoi*6ho
majltel'oui jo Victor American Fuol
Co. 7,0, obot' tonuito vj-buelui piullo asl
SO banikov, Lon uotlavno sa mial
vybucli, v ulil'odolu BpoloCnostl Colorado Fuol and Iron Co. pri ktorom
bolo tlo?, zavradBtlolio asl 70 robotnikov, Obo Hpomomild spolofcnostl su
Tiepriatol'ml organlsovniiej prace a
nialy hliivnu zasluhu nn pronaslcdo-
vuiii iinulnlkov Western Fodorntlon of
Minors, na Unywoodovl, Moyorovl a
Pottibonovl. Tieto spolofinostl kon-
trolujii col? fitnt a robotnik trim nona-
jdo spravedlnost' nnl koby jn lilmlnl
so svlocou, Pozoriiliodn-fm Jo, ?.o v
tomto ulil'odole sn* udal vrnJodn**)* vybucli cfeto lon pred kratkym Cnnom,
no vorejne urady si toho nepovftlmnu-
ly, ponovac bu vo flluBliaeh BpoloCnostl,
— uIn<5 vrnSdonio banikov udalo sa
v plnlok dim 11. uov. v Itlllsboro, 111.
v ulil'odolu KpoloCnostl Shoal Creole
Co. bllzko r'nnnmn, 111. V ulil'odolu
hii udal vyl'Uiiuli Jttory ziiicll _ilvoty
fityrocli bnulkov a donnl' In^eli bolo
pornncono. Ked' sn udal vylinch v
Cherry, 111., vtedy sn plwnlo, lo stntna
leglBlntiirn Hn postnvn o to, nby hii nioGo
pndobntMio vino iiciirlliotlllo, ale nn
Cherry hii pekno znlnidnulo n vo veci
Hn iiozni-'iillo nnl toho linjini'iiHleho
I'.filu mil neuplyiuil rule od oniidiit.ho
vyhiuilni v Chorry, 111, n \tl tu mnino
ilruh,-*> VHiitlny vJ-lniHi. Tn vlduo,
Jnkti ku nipii-ilcnioltrntlckl "ziihIuiico*
via rutin' Htiiriijii o liezpt'cniiHl,'. rolin-
t n Ikn.
— 'An Hnttln, WiihIi,, hii lie?, oziiu-
inujo v-vlnicli iilynov v Liiwhoii iilil'iiilo*
111 v Hlm ii Dliiiiiuiid :l,i\ Wt) mil
oil Sent tlo ktorj. Hlvy?,liulnl Jtlvoty iihI
\>. linnlknv, rlodcm u',ii'okii:ni'' l**l»
do prneo n put' Ich Iftlo doinov z
prnco. VMid bull nu'dzl prvuu u
fiU-Htmi hIoIiou ked' hii mini v*.'biicli a
Vhtocl boll unvilfidkom toho unmrU'iil.
V-fbuch 1ml tnk nllny, ?.o trainee Hi
cnlov kIIiio it (iiU'in hiicIiov tlliiu boly |
ui.i'iuti) ,i.': \i\i\ Iiiih: nd titujlii/ iuh-.iUl.
dttwDo bulo, 9.o v tlobti vj'btichti iu-
bolo vine Iinnlkov' nnl jotlon by no. \w-
bol '/nclirnnll. Tnkto vrnidl knpltnl
robotnikov n to upln-n linztroHtno.
— Stnvltn f>xnri*>nn<cli vozkov Worn
lioln donl' liurllvn. bola v iiobotu niton*
Conn n v poiitMok Bn vrntlll Belt. \oz*
kovln do praco. Ovfioni, lon h ton pod-
mlcnkou, h> spolocnoBtl budu rlofilt'
Ich «por Hprnvotlllvo n noHtrnnno.
Stavka trvnla aid tityrl tyMiui n brnlo
nn noj podlel nnl ftlyrl IIbIoo vnxkov,
— V St. Lou I ■ boln v poiiiJololc zn-
hnjenn 30. vjrodta sonvoncla Am.
Federation of Labor it Jc*j y,timidiiiitl.i
potrvn ahI dva t_?2(lnc».
W nedllu dlna 13 lystopada, socyal-
lsty u Edmonton!, Alberta,.maly dwa
welyczawl mltyngy, protestujuczy pro-
tyw wydanla Fedoronlto, rosyjjskolio
polliycznoho uldkacza. Oden mityng
wldouw sia popoludny w haly ukraln-
skych socynliBtlw, a 'driihyj w ' Lo
Grand teatri, do bosldnykamy buly:
C, M. O'Brien, socyalistysznyj posol z
Alberty, Fiirmolo z Toronto, Stefan
Fodszuk ! oden Itosyn towarysli z
Wlnnlpogu. , fiibrnno koloktu I, po
pokrytlu wslclr wydntkhv, lyszylo sja
$-H..50, z czolio ?l..r)0 Wzlalo sia szczo
by wydrukawaty rozolucyl tak szczo by
ony mohly buly pldpysanl w form!
potycyl, a resztu $*H,00plHlano iin
ruky J. ncrnthal, r>23 Prlchnrd Avenue,
Winnipeg, nn fond Fodoronko.
Mityng w Lo Civnnd'toalrl buw por-
szyj, jakyj socyallsty postanowyly
mnty kozdoho woczera zymoju, koly
wbI, kotri clltnwl znnty bllszo pro bIu
swltown orgnnlzacyju, budut, mnty nn-
hodu no lysli sliiehnty rlznych bosl-
dnyklw, nlo akoz zmozut Btnwyly pyt-
nnla wltlnoslnczl sia do prodmotu pld
dyskuayjoju.
SooyallBtyoznyj riisli jo ruchom pros*
wltnym I Joho -Tllozofln mozo lysz togl
rozBzyryty Bla koly my biidonio rozu-
mlty jeji Toinnotn jo ninturiiju whIcIi
kopotlw I ll hzozo clkawl znnty df
lozyt liknrHtwo nn nych, powynnl nn-
jatariuiiiljHzo Hzulinty znnniri, Koly ty
no wlryBh w Hocynllzm, todl ty Unisys'/,
wlryty hzozo topcrlRznyj H.vHtem je do-
bryj I tomu my tobo Rordoczno pro-
Hymo pryjdy I pokozy Hiicynlls-
tain to bzi'zo ly diimnjcHz jo zloju
rndojii w rozwln/.iiiilu wocynlnolio zla
jako loper IhIiuiJo. Pruwdywo.Hkiiz-
aim hzhzo rzolowlk, kotryj wnhnjo Hin.
jo propnwHhyj, n my Hpndycino hIii
kzczo wiilou no budo wnlinly hIii nn lo
]ywf. pryjty nn mityng nlo I znpyiaiy
slit, koly fliiifzo rnzunillj J.'ihiiIjhzd jiic-
dinnl tin jakyj budo niinvii.
YOUR  LITTLE  DEEDS
IL CASO DELLA COMPENSAZIONE
PER I DEPENDENTI ALL'ESTERO
Dopo una luiiRa fane plu o meno
coerclslva n comlnclnto U ciiro
chf I nontrl lettori rlaistimo-
no In noaullo dnl \trononlo lo]o
grAmiEi*   che   not   abbiamo   ricevuto
Ily Hubert Hunter
Don', throw your vote nwny.
I don't moan h<>U ll. Hut Kit; full
vnluo for It. It In about thu mont
vnltiiiiilii riKiit yon -*>*.«.-,t'j-,.i,     in mm.
YilDi: -,'.';j,'J* ]]i.-> H j.-i.-H*!j* fi-J* -,'1-1.]  !5.
you   Unit!  dreiim   of—yot.
MIllloiiH nro Hpont to control tlmt
voto. HponkorH, wrltors, 1)Ohr<>h, wnnl
hoelorH, ropoatorH, polltlrnl IrlrkHtom
tire iirild littrtdHomr. HnlnrlcB I'or get-
lliiK from you that volo.
If mlllioiiH woro Hpont nnd nil thin
onorgy omployod to got from you n
piece of lnnd or n limn tmndwloh, you
would flit up nnd think. You would
study tho proposition, tnlk ll over
with your-wlfe; InvoBtlgat-o tho matter
to the bottom,
Yon would nny Hioho follows worn j
irtl-'lity  uiixiou*-) to Kot thai  html  ot* -
nnndwlrh.     You would   look   nt   tho
land or mindwlch and perhaps think,
"I don't noo much In It to mnko Aj
ftiKB about.'
Hut rtneo thoto who want It nro >
paylni? so much monoy to net lt, you j
would lmvo a fmnpl<* Ion that thert* -,
might bo a gold mlno or an oil woll;
fonronlod «omowlifn> In thnt land, nr 1
bam sandwich.
JNm
tJplt&lifall
a copy ©_• S Copies iFoir $lo00
^
T&_@ Dkftricft Ledlgeir
Fenakj B. Co
FERNIE ONION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141. Meets every Friday night at
8 p. m. Miners' union hall. J.
Jackson, President; 13. Marsham,
Recording Secretary.
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays-at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Goupljl, Waldorf Hotel.
least one hundred miles north of Fort
Churchill on tlie Churchill  river.
,*.. * Authorizing it to connect with
foreign  railroads.
4. Authorizing it to increase • its
bonding powers; and for other purposes.
AXDRKW T. THOMPSON,
Solicitor for the Applicant.
Dated'nt Ottawa    this    Sth    day of
November, A. D..  1910. P3-5t
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W.,A.
,  Meets 2nd and 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.     1). Kees, Sen.
Typographical Union No. 555-' -  Meets
last Saturday in each month at the
7 Ledger Office,     A. J, Buckley, Sec-
'   relary. ' * ,
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Meets
in Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters   and
, Joiners:—Meet in Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
In the District Court of the District of
Calgary
In   the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D. J. Evans,
President; F. I-I. Shaw, Secretary.
NOTICE.
Estate   of   Stephen   Coughlin
(Deceased)
NOTICE  Is hereby  given pursuant
to the order of His Honor Judge Winter, dated the 21th day of N'ovember, *
1910, that all persons having claims
against    the    estate    of    STEPHEN
COUGHLIN, late of the City of Spokane in the State of Washington, one
of the United States of America, who
died on the 10th day of March, A.D.
1909,  at  Fernie,  in   the   Province  of
British Columbia, intestate,    are    requested   to  mall  by  post  prepaid  or
delivered to the undersigned Solicitor
for Harry E.,Sheniield, to whom administration   of   the said estate   was
granted by the said court on the, 23rd
day of September, 1910, their names
and addresses and full particulars of
their claims  in writing, and  of any,,
Becm-ity held by them (such particulars
to be verified by a statutory declaration) on or before the 31st December,
A.D.-1910,  after which  date the administration will administer the assets
of the said deceased, and will not be
liable for any,part thereof to any person of whose claim he shall not then
The Southern Central TRailway company will apply to the Parliament of
Canada at its next session for an £.c.t:
I. Auchorizing it to construct the | have received notice
fo"lii-wing branch-lines—(a) from a
-p.niiil___ii_or^ear._w;hj;.re_the__main line
crosses the North-Saskatchewan river
in the Province of Alberta northwesterly, crossing the Athabaska ■ river,
thence to a point on the Peace river
at or near Dunvegam, thence to Parsnip river, thonce southerly to the
Nechaco ' river, thence southwesterly
to Dean's Channel, or to Gardiner's
canal, and (b) from a point on thc
Elk'*river in tho Province of. British
Columbia by the most feasihlo roulp
easterly to the Watcrton river, thence
eastern to a point on tho International
boundary near Coutts.
2. Ex'tendliig the tlmo within which
It. may construct Its lino of railway
from the city of Vancouver .northerly
and onstorly hy way of tho Kootenay
ass to some point on the Old- Man
river in the Provlnco of Alberta,
thonco northeasterly through the Province ol' Saskntciiewnn to some point,
on tho shores' of the Hudson's, bay at
Dated at Bowden,
November, 1910.
this' lath day ot
18:4T
HE GOT  SIX   MONTHS
Quarterly Dividend Notice
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at tho rate of SIX
PER CENT, por annum has been declared upon tlio paid-up
capital stock of thc Homo Bank of Canada for tho threo
months ending the .'iOtli day of November, 19.10, and tho samo
will bo payable at thc Head Office, or any branohc:* of tho
Homo Bank on and after Thursday, tho First day of Decern-
ber next,
Tho transfer books will be closed from thc 10th to thc 30th
day of November, 1010, both days inclusive.
By ordei of tho Board,
Toronto, October 2Cth.
JAMES MASON,
General Manager.
,Tr£™,,*Ukw:'-^^
i-hfx
vr&jst
MOM
■/
TIN.I_-T Is ilghlly di-ai-rlbi'd im
"Kroi-otiilcal .Manag'-ni'-iit,"
,A -dir-'wd bii-*.!iii*!-r* llinn Ih iipoki'11
of nn thtlfty lict-iiiiM' he (.awn.
I'l-rliiiim only n dollar al a tlmo--
))i-ih;i|in more —lull thc n-nl hocrot of
hi-, -.ii-fi---* lii-** in iln- principle if
wit In;-.
0<-n   *!*-ll.ir  will   kiurt   an   lufoun'
wllh ih- l-ai-U of Hamilton.
J. n. LAWRV, A-jet-it
V-fcRNlfc
Milk
HEAD OFFICE
HAMILTON
.i' '■    ff '
**'.      V*
Innisfail, Alberta, .
Solicitor for the
Administrator
F. 1). Wan-en, of (.Irani, Kas., editor
of the paper, Appeal to Reason, must
serve six months in the federal prison
at Leavenworth, Kas., and pay ,a fine
of $ 1,000 imposed by a jury in the
United States Court in Kansas, The
sentence of that court was affirmed
by an order of the United States
court of appeals filed on the 21th inst.
Warren was (icciised of s.'ndliiK
through the United Slates inailK'envelopes mnrliod on the outside of
whicli was printed. "$l,U(iO rewnds will
be paid io ahy person who kidnaps ex-
tiov.'i-iior Tnylor niul roi urns him to
tho KenliK'kiun authorities.' Tho Indictment chnrned that the words were
scurrilous, del'ainatory and threatcn-
liiK iu chnracler. avswrn-a--*- »b«wiv -s
r.
PAGE EIGHT
HERE AND THERE
After Christmas Day the next event
of  importance  "Agatha.
For high-class chocolates call at
the Todd Block Candy Store.
Music lovers are requested to keep
December 26th in their mind as there
•will be a treat in store for them.
Have you* chosen your Christmas
Annuals or Gift Books. If not see
Suddaby's; a most complete stock to
choose from. 17-tf
It is rumored that "Agatha," who
was lost will be found December
26th.     Call and aid in the discovery.
An appetite for sweets can be
gratified at the Todd Block Candy
Store.
A large and well assorted stock of
the best just received at the Todd
Block Candy Store.
Q. Where can I get first quality
candy?
A.   Todd  Block  Candy  Store.
A beautiful range of Xmas cards at
Suddaby's. , ' 17-ft
Boxing night is December 26th,
dato in the evening "Agatha' will be
presented.
George C. Egg, of the I. C., S. Is
entertaining his mother from Toronto, who is making a short stay
in Fernie.
J. T. Lawry, manager of the Bank
of Hamilton, left for a well-earned
two weeks' vacation Saturday last.
He intends visiting Winnipeg, St.
Paul and other points. During, his
absence Mr. Swinton will be " in
charge. .,
Correspondence lessons in mining,
by Thomas Mordy, first class B. C.
(Highest percentage obtained) and
England. Each lesson complete ?1.50;
$50' for complete course of 40 lessons. Apply Thomas Mordy, Merritt,
B. C. ' *-• lC-4t
A SLAVE
A little, old woman with wisps of
gray hair falling about her wrinkled,
yellow face, sits hy an empty grate.
She lias needlework in her hand, and
some unfinished garments are spread
upon a-table. She sits bent—stitching, stitching. For hours she sits
- thus.
Under the meager light of a gas jet
that throws a hazy mellowness over
a bare room,-and gleams in a few odd
bits of china upon a sideboard, she
toils with her needle and thread.
- Not a moment does ■ she, stop—not
a moment's respite, not a moment to
breathe, but one long soulless drudgery
~flTrT^irilie~en"di"ess"~if6uTsT Sird"""does"
not think or brood, she does not speak
or sing—she simply works. Stitch,
stitch, the needle flashes in and out—
so monotonous, .passionless, brutal
izing.
She heeds not1 the mawkish cries
that como from the street, or the confused murmur of the .great ,cty, or
the bustle of the peoplo about the
house. She has only one thought,
one conviction, one certitude—to work,
to go on for over working.
Oh, the aching eyes and aching
lingers, the cramped back and feot
icy cold with inaction. Such things
must not bo noticed—should bo forgotten. To work desperately, feverishly, forover and otor—that is her
portion.
And behind this terrible anxiety to
'finish hor work thero Is ever prosont
lllco a ghastly grinning skoloton—tho
haunting drond of thoro coining n tlmo
when her masters will sny to her:
"Wo nro unfortunately compollod to
dispense with your services. You nro
too old. Thero in not that nicety
nbout your work that Is nocessary.
Yonr oyos aro going dim and your
noodloworlr. Is clumsy. Wo must hnvo
younger women to do It proporly!"
Bhndows gnther In tho cornor of tho
room and Room to thronton her.     Instinct Ively she feels the prosonco   of
tho I lunger Domon, and  fiiHlor, mill
faster files the needle.    I lor floshloBH
fingers dart ovor tho cloth ns quick nH
Hiinkofl upon lho wind,
On, on sho tolls fnr Into tho night.
A nuiiibiicsH solzos hor spirit, her
head   grows  dizzy, hor oyos hocomo
blurred,    Sho sighs with utttor wenrl-
nom-*..      Placing  her   arms   upon  the
Inhlo sho rests hor hnnd upon lliom.
Silting thus sho falls nrilnnp,
Hho sleeps Ull Iho onntnrn sky glints
with light, when onoo moro hor toll
..("•RlllH.
Poor, friiil and mil'forlng slavo. iin-
prlHonnd within thai hnn; mom, joy-
limn, oiuotloulcHs, di'oiimli'HH, A nuiH-
terpleco of inlw-ry.
Tho ininii of hot- soul bust long boon
blown oui. The womnn him gono from
hor body nntl only the tditvo Ih left,
NtM'ottslty nnd lior miudum, like im-
plni'iihh' flondH, rotidnmii ln-r lo Infinite loll nml Inlliillo woo. N'n hopo
Iiiim iiht', nn |ii*0H|ii-t-t nf joy mi lime
fnr pli'iiniiro or grli'f. Povorly nnd
ih'Hpnlr crouch upon her nlirniM-i.ru, nnd
hold out lo hor hanl, dull dnyH of
nt rlf-tt—ii ti (11 lho cud.
Hlm Ih oiiii of IIiouhhikIh. TroiiHiu'-
miil'i'i-H, bloiiito miilo-m,    tlo iiiiil.ni*n,
nlilrt HlllcliorH—lliclr number nntl cnll-
i i    ■ ,      ,,,,,,(,.,
»*»._   • *,       «■ r,**r,., tt,   .1.,   it,i.   tt'.tl   ,.ti.i...
of  rnpllnlltun   Dwy   two  in  lit**  found,
Thoy  work   the   ilealwluiivolj-mnkerH
Thoy work to donth--fourteen, fifteen!I
and hlxtctii hour*, dally— for tiilit-irnM-*
plllillieeH,        Kllthll-HH,   Illl.'l*('IIi-HH,   this
lii'lllsh Hy.Mlciii Ht-lzcH tho wt.-iil.o.st ami
.-,!..l*jl.   \»1V-1_.   ID   'llll.lt    111.-i.lit,
Comrndi.-H, brothers nnd HlstorH, tho
futuro iIoiiiiuhIh cniiHoleHH effort. Humanity ennnot wnlt. Thorn Ih not n
moment to low-.---Tom tiuelch In New
York   Cnll.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERIIIB, B. 0., DEOEMBBB 3, 1«0.
FOR   RENT—ROOM*.
TO LET—Four-roomed house Victoria avenue; rent, Including water,
$16.50.   Apply J. J. Hughes, Box 120.
FURNISHED ROOMS to let In
modern house, situated on Dalton
avenue; bath, hot and cold water, and
every convenience. Apply "X" care
Ledger office. 16-3t-p
TO LET—Six Rooms, Basement; water and Sanitation, $17.50. Apply, W
Minton, Linsay Avenue, Fernie Annex.
17—3t
TO RENT or Sell, Houso and 2 adjoining lots in the Annex extension,
opposite Macaroni'Factory. Apply on
premises or to T. Kynaston, Fernie
Steam Laundry.
FOR SALE—One-fourth acre land;
two sides fenced; West Fernie; $190
cash.   Apply "D" Ledger Office.
HOUSEHOLD effects for sale.
Apply R. C. Lorimer, near Trites-
Wood stables. „ 16-3t
TO LET—Two front rooms, partly
furnished; situated on Dalton avenue.
Apply "C." care Ledger office.    16-3t
WANTED—A nursemaid, also a
good cook; excellent wages. Apply
Mrs. R. W. Wood.
HOUSE TO RENT IN West Fernie,
•1 rooms; rent $10. Apply, P. O., Box
1Q19, Fernie.
WANTED—Kitchen ,#rl for tho Hospital.    Apply, Fernre Hospital.
WANTED—A competent Book-keeper, lady or gentleman, for the,-Fernie
Co-operative Society, Limited. Applications to be made in writing, address
to Secretary, P.O. Box 564, Fernie, not
later than December 6th.
FOR SALE—Three-roomed, carpenter-built bungalow, artistic ..design,
and excellent finish., Plastered and
kalsomined inside, painted on outside. Location, McPherson . avenue.
Price, $750. Apply W. S. Pearson,
Ledger office. 16-3t
LOST—Between ., Bleasdell's store
and Prior street, on Thursday, Nov.
3rd, gold fob, with gold medal with
red cross center attached. Finder
will be suitably rewarded on presenting thb fob at the police station. 15-tf
The CROW'S NEST TRADING CO., Limited
,** * ,     . 1-- ■-. * • • ■,  * * ,     -     "* ** *°
The Store  of Good Values
Boy, 14 years of age, honest and
industrious seeks employment. David
Thornton; Old Recreation ground, f-ad
FOR SALE—A Edison Gem Phonograph and 70 records" all as, good as
new;-$-10 or the nearest offer. Apply by,letter to-William Forshaw, P.O.
■Fernie: = ] 7=_3£
FOR SALE or to Rent, a two-roomed plastered House. Will accept reasonable offer. R. Wright,- West
Fernie. • , * ] 7-6L
CHRISTMAS IS COMING !
Nineteen shopping days and Christmas will be- here. We have worked
and planned to* make this our.biggest,
and for you the most satisfactory season of holiday shopping ever experienced. Our special offerings comprise
an exceptionally **,*.ride range of holiday
, goods, all priced at figures that will
more than uphold our reputation as
"The Store of Good Values."
To the little ones Santa Claus sends
"Greetings" together with the promise
that he will be with us shortly.
FAULTLESS AND "PIT REFORM"
CLOTHING
"Fit Reform" and "Faultless' Clothing specially priced for the holiday season. ' An event well worthy of your,
consideration, coming as it does at a
time wjjen every.man wishes to look'
his best. Blacks and Blues, Tweeds,
Worsteds and Homespuns, tailored
.equal to the best custom' tailor, together,
with a range of exclusive patterns that
are bound to please the most exacting,.
Our wardrobes contain'different types
to fit all forms, 'thus enabling us to
guarantee' complete satisfaction in
every respect. Wc invite you to participate and share in the special holiday
values now within your, reach.,
Fit Reform, Regular $25, Special $19.50
Fit Reform, Regulai7$22, Special $17.25
Faultless Regular $18.00. Special $13.75
Faultless Regular $16.50, Special $12.25
..Ti *»_._ t_     _ _. _  __■*,-, n—**" A—*•"-— - -*.-*l-,*"h—rx.rfr, _
"i;auiiiess"j-veguiar"!i)i^*.DU,~i3peurdi"$T*s;."uu"
Faultless Regular $.10.25, Special $ 8,25
SPECIAL SATURDAY SHOE
OFFERING FOR MEN
Nettleton—Regular $7 and $8 values
for $5.45
This is an offering that should bring
to pur store every man that requires
shoes and who appreciates good values.
The "Nettleton" is the highest priced
American ^Shoe in the market to-day,
but our Special Saturday Value makes
them yours at a fraction of their worth.
"Nettleton" Shoe Special $5.45
The quality of our table supplies from
A to Z is equalled by few and excelled
by.jiione. A comparison of prices will
convince you that we can save you
money.
Quaker Brand Canned Vegetables,
warranted first grade and solid pack,
Corn, Peas and Beans, 2 tins 25c.
3 lb Tins Tomatoes, each 15c.
Christie's Cream Sodas, 2 lb tins «*-. 30c.
Blue Label Tomato Catsup, per bot. 30c.
Canada First Cream, large 20 oz.
tins  *.  10c.
Ogilvie Cream Rolled Oats,'8 lb
Cotton bags '.'■••„ 35c.
3 lb. Tins Bilked Beans Plain and
7TomatoNSauce ...'.  15c.
Seal Brand Coffee, 1.1b tins ......40c.
BaH .rigtoii-Hall Coffee, 1 lb tins ..' 40c.
Reindeer Condensed Milk, 2 tins .. 25c.
.Fancy Table and Cooking Apples.  ,
%."tier box $1.75, -1 lbs. ..........r.25c
White Swan Laundry Soap, carton
 '_r*_i  fi"--**	
— o~uiirs,~ <suur
Tabic and Gloss Starch, 3 pkts.:. _. 25c.
GROCERY   SPECIALS
\. FOR   SATURDAY
10 lb Tins Corn Syrup "  °.. 45c.
20 lb. Tins Corn Syrup  90c.
1 lb. Tins Finnan Haddies, 2 tins.. 25c.
Bananas, per doz.  30c
Grapes, per basket ..." 60c.
Japanese Oranges, per box 75c.
i lb. Pkts, Ogilvie's Rolled Oats .. 20c.
An ideal Xmas gift for thc home, a
Wilton, Brussels or Axminstor Carpet-
that all will appreciate and remember
long after the holiday season lias passed
Our range of patterns and colorings are
so extensive that we are sure we can
more than please* you. The matter of
price you will find equally satisfactory,
nil .being specially priced for lhe holiday season.,, We 'invito your .inspection
lfncl"wiiniolrI" your seTG^iM"unTIl such"
time as you wish delivery to be made.
Imported Fancy All-Linen Doilies
and Centre Pieces. We cannot suggest a more appreciated Xmas gift than
these useful fancy linens. Every piece
is a beautiful specimen of needlework,
worked hi hemstitched borders and
hand embroidery designs.
35c to $4.00
English colored Flannelettes. A cloth
suitable for Children's Dresses, Kimo-
nas, Dressing Jackets and House Dreses
In dots, figures and stripes, with cream,
gray, brown.green aud navy , blue
grounds.
Saturday 10c. yard
10 Pieces, of Apron Gingham,' full
40 inches wide; in dark, and medium
blue checks.
Saturday 8 yards for $1.
5 Pieces Velvet Dress Cord; suitable
for Children's   and   Ladies'   Dresses,
Coats ,and Blouses; in brown, green,
cardinal, gray and navy blue.
Saturday 40c. per yard
Ladies'fancy Bells in Elastics, Leather, Tinsel, Silks and fancy beading in all
colors.
, Regular, 65c. and 75c.
Saturday 45c.     0
Ladies' Corsets made of the best quality black coutil; in medium length.
Regular $1.25.. '    '
Saturday, 65c.    .
Children's "All-Wool Toques; in cardinal, white and navy blue.  ,
Saturday, 25c.
')
10 Dozen .Face and Hand Towels:
made of all linen and othors all cotton.
Hemmed and" fringe cuds': Iiirtrp. si/os.
Regular 30c and 35e.
Saturday, 25c, pair/
DISCOUNT  of
Ten per  Cent.
WA.vrr.n in*   >*i_un«   i,_.ii..a   u,
comph-to elans In prnctlcnl derma-
folofry mav.-n-.*..• for rcvlvint; wr.-w.<l
tljumc,".; iiiiioxUtu wrlii lili'M, black-
heads, and trf-.-mlKhr-H of tho okiii.
Manicuring, wig innkliiK nnd hair
work In all lis branchon, Graduates
uaslly Hfciiro ,.oo-| portions at hlKhest
waiKe*. Full particular* on uppllca-
lUiu tu thu *.-.•■....__;..>•, .VUlt* k-.va
Powell, Canadian Coll.;-;.-. ot Derma-
tolotny, 723 i'fndt-r tttruct, Vancouver,
tt. C. 16-U
N. E. Suddaby will
sell from Dec. lst to
Dec. 21st for cash at
a discount of Ten j>er
Cent, any Xmas. or
Holiday Goods in the
store. This offer is
made to encourage
early buying and to
avoid ihe Xmas. rush
N. E. Suddaby
Suggestions
For
I!
Christmas
. For tho benefit of thoso who
wondor what thoy will buy for a
Christmas Gift wo just mention a fow useful as woll as
ornamontal articles in
RICH   CUT  GLA88
SILVER  PLATED WARE
CUTLERY, LAMP8 and
NICKEL PLATED WARE
that you will find nt our storo.
For Instance:
11
Cut Glass
Berry Bowls  $0 to $10
Water Bottles     $7.50
Tumblers (sot of six) $8 to 7.50
Cream and Sugar ....$7 to 0.00
Pickle and Olive Tray $2 to 4.50
All of UilR lino Ib hiRli griulo
and Moat lmttornH.
Si Ivor Platod ware
Teaspoons, doz,, $1,20 to $2.(10
Knives and Forks, set $2 to $0
.Butter Dishes,'   $3 to $4
Cake   Baskets $4 to $4.50
Napkin Rings, each ,,,, $1 to $2
Baking Dishes each $0.50 to'*$8.50
Nickel   Platod   Wnro
Tea and Coffee Pots	
each  ■'.....00o to $3.60
Salt and Peppers, pair 35o
Bread Trays, each $1 to i'i
Crumb Trays, each 35o to $1.60
Lamps
Uitirary ano Hanging,
from $3 to $6 each
Pockot Knlvos
From 25c to $2.50 each
. D. QUAIL
Hardware Furnituro
. Pernio, B. C.
Mrs. E. Todd's Sale
Coats   and  Skirts
Crum's Prints and Dainty.Qoods for evening wear.
One dozen Ladies' Coats, colors Black, Brown, and Navy;,'
note the quality and fashionable shades  7 $5.00
One Dozen Ladies' Coats, Black, Brown and Navy; regular
$15 to $18, Saturday special  ' $10.00.
A SPECIAL LINE OP LADIES' SKIRTS
Cloth, Voile and 1 .vnama--Extrn good quality at greatly reduced prices,
9 yards Crum's Prints, guaranteed not to fado; dark and
light shades ; $1.00
6 Baby Whito Bear Coats; regular $1.75 and $2.00, Saturday
special $1,25
6 Baby "Bear" CoatR; regular $2.00 and $3.00, Saturday spc-
cial $1.50 and $1.75
HATS-SPEOIAL VALUES
12 Ladies' Hats, stylish, special  $5.00
12 Ladies Huts, ready to wear  $3.75
12 Misses' Hats, ready to wear , .$3.75
,12 ends Veiling .1% yd, lengths, in fashionable hues 35o
See Window Display
MRS. E. TODD
-^t,,<^ij.rx,*r-rr*-n.^:-_:;,7--;--~-T^
eub-Krltod to the "District Ledger."
Specials
a    ,   iiiiiti    - -tLbititiitui |_,n|_
-        Made to Measure fiuita rur
Bpcchu $22.00 OaTU relay
K«Kii1ar  $25.00 ■*
cj*< „„!... *•*.•_ nn
ltegiiinr $21.50 GROCERIES
fd?rV"::::::::.Jffl8 w!Lui,,honTfil,'31,ino
Special $14.00 , V.    .'•;  T
KoKiilnr $15.00 Ooffoo in boan or ffrouml
Special   $12.60 ropulnr 30c. spocial .. 25c.
On Overcoats the wnno lib. Mixed Biscuits, regular
oral ilisi-rtimt will bi> Riven. pet' lb 25c, Bpecial    20c,
Wo g\umiiiit.'t' delivery in Chriftlie's-Ileception Wa**
1 iinir for Christmas. fors, 2 lb tins spocial.. 30c
A. A. McBean
Opposite Post Offlco , Fornio
1
■ii
,.:. :l

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