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The District Ledger 1910-12-10

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 Industrial; Unity is Strength
Provincial Library 30 June 09
'O/ \
•<V u^i^tive /t#5%.
DEC 141810        ))
The/Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
i/;» *.
^^PTORIA, ?7^   ^
Political Unity is Victory
VOL. VI.   NO. 19
$1.00 A YEAR
Clearing up the Alleged
Shortage in Ex-City
• Clerk's Accounts
Tho preliminary hearing in the case
of Rex. vs. Boulton, ex-city clerk and
treasurer of the City of Pernie, op:
. ened before Magistrate Whimster- on
' Tuesday morning.^*- H. W. Herchmer
appeared for the "crown, and A. L.
Fisher is defending.   ,     "
The "only witness heard ln the morning waa Mayor Herchmer.* He had
asked for Mr. Boulton's resignation
in consequence of receiving reports
from . Mr, E.- B. "McDermid, auditor,
showing an. apparent' shortage'in Uio
city accounts of $3,593.32. In the two
reports from Mr. McDermid no shortages arising from taxes were considered. The Mayor had afterwards put
Mr. B. 'F. Ambery on the tax rolls.
Mr. Ambery had reported" a. list of
taxes paid for-which." there* were .no
-entries in the cash" book.- Reports
were filed as evidence though not admitted to bo correct- by the defense.
Following is  part of the cross-examination by  Mr. 1 .sher..,
Q. How often did the finance committee meet in 3910 up to the time of
Mr. Boulton's resignation?,   .
"" A.* I would-not-swear that they met
once. •- ,..,,...
.   Q. fair to "the City Treasurer
"thatThe FiiT_m^_Cbnimrttee_sliburd"nof
meet regularly?        •_-...
A. It would not. affect the City Treasurer.    It Is not fair, to the city.    .
'  Q. How are1 accounts passed?
A. On O.K. of Chairman of Finance
Committee. Boulton would take
a.batch' of accounts, certified by hlm
as correct, and after looking them ovor
Ilie Chairman of-tho Finance Committee would pass I hem If correct.
Q. So that. White, the other member
of the Finance Commltteo had nothing to do with it?. • ■ -
A. Apparently not, so far as .1 know.
Q. You understand that payments
were made from cash and that afterwards cheques made out by the city
payablo to petty cash, or bank or the*
city, to cover thoso Items?
' A. If It was dono this year lt was
contrary to my ordors. Tho practice
was referred to' by Auditor Watson,
who advised that It lie discontinued,
and that n cheque bo mado out to
cover outstanding items of this nature.
This wns done and I Issuotl ordors
thatlho practlco was to coaso.
Q. At tho snmo tlmo creditors would
como to tlio city offices for payments?
A. No doubl.     '
Q. You didn't cnll the, nttontlon, of
the Finance Committee to tho necessity of mooting?
A. I wns relying on Mr. Johnson,
tho chairman. I doubt If a choquo
' wns ovor passed that wns not corroct,
Horo a bundlo of accounts covered-
by n choquo was put on exhibit. AIbo
a payroll and choquo mndo payable to
J, W. Morris to cover an Horn in tho
pay roll O.IC.'d by Mr. Bock. Tho
pay roll of Mr. nock gave credit for
(earning work to W. J. J. Morrison.
The voucher pny roll had been made
showing tho crotllt to W, J. MorrlHon.
This had boon' partly ornsod, although
tlio original namo was Htlll visible,
anil tlio namn J. W. Morris substituted. Tho choquo was endorsed by
J. W. Morris with tho endorsement of
W. 'J. J. Morrison undornonth. It
wnn O.K'd, by a. F. Johnson, Chnlr*
mnn of the FInnnco Committee
Q, You soo tlio signature of J, AV.
Morris on lho pny roll,    Whoso Blgnn*
(uro Is tlmt?
A. I don't know.
Q, On tlio olmquo, whoso slgnnturo
Is thnt?
A. I would say ll Ih Mr. Morrison's
slgjinturo. I would sny Mint tho signature nbovo Is n forgery. I bollovo
It Is tho Bnmo writing ns the othor.
I soo that ou thp foot of ono page
of tho pny roll tlio signature Is W.
J. ,T. Morrison, wlillo on tlio othor pngo
It appears ns J. W, Morris.
., , „       ,. T**l
\a\,    lilXI    XaUML lllUll    ul    <>"<-       1 iiiuii*.!,
('PimriHtec would .'.or- Ihnt tWu-mMitl
A. I dont know.     If Johnson hnd
thnt statomont boforo hlm ho hnd no
business passing lho cheque.
Q. Uo should hnvo soon It?
A. Yes.
Q.  "WllO  WOllUi it-UHllV  VI AOiUMrtrti -or**,1*)!
A. Whoovor took tho cheque to him.
1'robnbly Konnody.
Q, Having seen that choquo ond pny
roll would you bo propnrod to modify
your provlous statomont a* to tho
protection tho Finance Committee afforded tho city?
A. N"o. T think tho Chairman and
probably tha City Clerk wero fooled
In this thing.
Q. You know that all theso accounts
(passing tho bundle reforrf-d to abovo)
wero paid out of cash from tlmo to
A. 11 look* ** though lliey were.
Q. Some of thoso creditor* would
bo anxious to have their accounts
paid it onco?
A. No doubl.
Q. As the Finance Committee "did
not meet regularly the only-thing-,for
tlie City Clerk to do was to pay them?
A. No. that was not the proper way.
The Clerk had an easy way of getting
a meeting.
. Q. You  know that ■ there  were no
meetings in 1910? .
A.   No; I did not know it.
Q. Did  Boulton ever  tell  you  the
Finance Committee never met?
A. , I don't think-so, until after the
auditor was here..'
Q. Would you swear he didn't tell
A. If he did It was not impressed on
my mind.
Q. You don't put all the blame on
the City" Clerk? ■    „
A. In my opinion the Finance Committee were not doing the right thing!
Evidence was also elicited as to
Boulton's cheque for- August' salary
that had been voluntarily returned to
the city.* His cheque for part of
September was held, becauso the city
was not sure to whom it was payable.
J. S. T. Alexander, Government'Agent, produced certain government
cheques on the Bank of Commerce,
made payable to the City of Fernie
and- endorsed "City of Fernie per G.
H. "Boulton, Treasurer." .. One . for
$32.15 was paid by the bank on May
7, 1909; one for $329.60, dated; Oct.
14, 1908, given for school purposes
for September quarter; one for $753.-
35 given a year later foi* the same
purpose; one for $1,365.40 for March
quarter, 1910 (Mr. Herchmer explained that it' was not alleged that the
total of this cheque was short); and
one for $1,553.75 for June quarter,
1910.* 7     *    ,
There was one for $80.50 giyen; June
11, 1908,' and endorsed "For deposit
only to to the credit of the City of
Fernie, G. H. Boulton, Treasurer";
one Mated' August 31, 1908, for $77.25
endorsed "City of Fernie, G. H. Boulton, Treasurer"; one dated September
9, 1909, for $42.50 similarly endorsed;
one dated. September 16, 1910, for
$5.78; one on Feb..9.* 1910 for $11.80;
one foj- $9.50, on March 8, 1910; one
for $32, dated March' 23, 1910; one
for $154.80,"dated May 10,° 1910.
The school cheques had been sent
to Mr, Alexander by the* Auditor General of the Province.    All were mark-
_.d_r*ald -The_first_one._ioi'_$32.15-ana.
the last eight were.issued by himself
and were all marked paid.-
Aiiother cheque for $500 dated Nov.
20, 1909, was issued by Mr. Alexander
lo the city out'of "Trust Account."
endorsed by Mr. Boulton and stamped
ns "paid." 7 *     "
Geo. Loxton, sworn,, stated that he
owned Lots 1 and 2, Block 33, In the
city of Fernio. "I paid*my 1908 taxes
to G. H. Boulton by a cheque", $10.13,
receiving his receipt for it.' The
cheque was produced and identified.
"As a result of getting a notice from
tho-city I saw Mr. Ambery at the city
offlco, and ns a result of tlio meeting
I got, my'chequo, and produced it at
tlio city hall. , I haven't the original
tax notice, . I paid my taxes within
30 days of tho recolpt of the notice,
In tlmo to get the discount.   .
W. F.* Muirhead recognized his signature on the back of Loxtons choquo,
Ilo" endorsed it In-order to bank It.
Ho didn't know how ho camo into possession of It,
James Millor, manager for P.
Burns and Co., Lid., sworn, stated
'thnt'his company .owned proporty ln
Fernio, TaxoB foi* 190S wore paid by
choquo. A cheque for $19*1,19 produced wns lilontlflcd ns.h P. Burns chequo
It. wos made pnynblo to tho Corporation of tho City of Fornio to covor
nccount, for taxes for 1908, loss a contra nccount of somo $20.     Mr, Miller
Continued on Pngo 8
Gar-Repairer Crushed at
Crow's Nest While
At His Work
On Wednesday an Englishman of the
name of J. Openshaw, 38 years of age,
was killed in the C.PJt. yards at Crows
Nest. The deceased, who" was employed by .the company; was following
his usual occupation of car repairer,
and from reports received had complied with the usual regulations relative to the proper placing'of his signals. A car of lumber, backing down
upon the track, collided with the one
under which the^man „was working,
running over' his back and crushing
his chest Into the rail. The death it
is believed was practically instantaneous. " Below is the verdict of the
jury..       ,    •   - ■   .
"We the jury empanelled to enquire
into the death of John Openshaw, find
that he came,to his death by being run
over by a car while in the.act bf repairing the same in the C.P.R. yard
at Crows Nest. The engine backed
into an open switch, with one car striking car under repair. According to
evidence, switch was opened by some
unknown person. Deceased was killed on or,about 9.30'a.m., December
7th, 1910."
" (signed)   '
-* "    ',        "    Foreman.   .
,-   I.   ROBERTS.	
" "* • :*'!M. L. CHAPMAN,
A. C. MURRAY, Coroner: '7
The' body was" brought to Fernie,
where it is now lying in the-.Thompson and. Morrison-Undertaking Parlors
from whence it is expected it "will bo
sent to-the old home-hi-England for
interment, in chargo of the brother of
the deceased.
Clan Mackenzie is the name of the
recently organized branch of the United Scottish Clans fraternal and benefit society -
~W H Coulter, division manager from
Vancouver, is in -townjbn official business connected with the International
Correspondence Schools.
Messrs. Qualn and Davis, of the
Kootenay Telephone Co, with .headquarters at Cranbrook, were in Fernie
this week and report'business along
all their "lines' excellent.
Don't forget the sale . of clothing,
wearing apparel and useful household
goods by the Baptist' Ladies' Aid on
Tuesday: Dec 20th, to" be held at the
temporary church building'
"Slovenske Slovo" is the name of a
Slavonian publication'*' that, is , issued
from the office of "The Reporter,"
New Michel-Andrew L'ukco is the publisher,'and Georgo Klesken,* editor.
Thomas Crahan was In. town Tuesday on matters Incident to the selling
of the property in East Coleman that
hei is putting on the' market and of
which Joe Grafton is*the sales agent.
Now that the winter season is fast
approaching, and we may expect severe weather, we think it would -be
judicious to have the fire hydrants
well protected from the rigors of the
cold. *, -       •   .
The irtifetic display that is being
made in the windows ot the Trites-
v.'ocd Company's' cmporlu-n is certainly a tribute to the capabilities of the
window trimmer, whose exhibit is
equal to that found in any of the large
Eastern centres
Methodist,,church will hold an "at
home" In the schoolroom of the church
from 3 to 8 p.m: Saturday, afternoon.
Tea a_nd cake will be served for 15c.
and the girls t have ■ dozens of boxes
of home-made candy to dispose, of at
prices ranging from 5c. up.
, On Tuesday morning last a distressing incident occurred al the-C P R
station, when .the, local train ran over
Mr. Hartley's (the Jailer) constant
Injured Man Completely
Exonerates Policeman McCuish
While at No. 3 Camp, Hosmer ,on
Thursday afternoon, a party consisting of Constable McCoosh, Charley
Bomford, Fred Waters,. and several
others, were making- preparations lor
the slaughter of a couple of pigs, and
while examining their revolvers to see
which was the _est suited to the purpose, the one held by Constable McCoosh accidently fired, and seriously
Injured Charley Bomford by entering
the fleshy part of the abdomen. The
ball came out*'at the back, but it Is
believed did not puncture the intestines.
Doctor Bounel, of Fernie, and Dr.
Weldon of Michel, performed an operation on Bomford at the hospital last
night,*and we are pleased to state that
reports to hand just before going to
press are to the effect that the unfortunate-victim of this purely accidental  shot  is  progressing  splendidly.
■Bomford made a written statement
duly, signed completely exonerating
Constable McCoosh, from which.* it
would appear that the injury sustained was not of so,vital a nature, as the
first report, would  have  led  one  to
No. 2314,  U  M W of A,
,      NOTICE
The International and District Elections will take place on Tuesday, Dec.
13th All members of tho above local
are requested to voto Those not
voting will be fined the sum of $1 (as
per Art. 7, Sec 3a of the District Constitution)
Time and Place for Voting: Coal
Creek, Club Hall, from 10 a.m to 5.30
Fernie—Main Lobby, Miners' Hall,
from 10 a.m. to 5.30 p.m
Professor James C. Roberts, of the
federal bureau of mines whilo on. a
tour said at Golden. Colo, when giving
instruction on rescue work,
"Thirty thousand miners have been
killed in coal mines In the U. S. in
the last twenty years.■*
At least'three miners are killed in
this country to one In other countries.
More than half the coal mine accidents are caused by falls of roof and
coal, practically all could bo prevented.
This is in the "land of the free,",
but our record in Canada is by no
means an enviable one,,so there's no
need to make comparisons.
When will the dear public that is
so inclined to talk about their rights
(!) to consideration when miners rebel
insist upon the conditions being
changed that will put a stop to needless butchery?
Fire Boss Caught in Fall
of Rock-Well Known
In the Pass
BAIL  SET AT $15,000
Later reports to hand advise that
ball has been accepted at $15,000, $10,-
00 on his own recognizance, and $5,000
on satisfactory sureties: also that the
ox-City Clerk has deferred his election as to tho mothod of his trial,
THE G, T.  P.
8hortage   (?)    Ought
to   be
Too Much Gas Causes
Cold Feet and the
Diggers Skidoo
Tho following extract from the Kdmonton Journnl shows tho kind of
treat mont that. Is motort out to tho
ronl bulldoi'R of tho rond and should
bo a warning to nil In soarch of omploymont tho conditions undor which
thoy mny havo to work.
lloni-lng tlmo shoots authorizing tho
pnyniont of somo $5,000 lo tho 200 destitute laborers who arrlvod In Kdmonton on Doo. 1, nnd woro coinpollod
by iiocosslty to walk tho slroots ovor
night, a spoclnl trnln loft ISiUon yos-
fonlny nftornoon ns soon ns tologrn-
phlfi communication could bo ostnb*
Hshed botwoon (lonornl Mnnngor
v hnmborlnln nnd thn Oriind Trunk
Pnelflo Ilnllwny nnlhorlllos nt Kdson,
Immediately upon learning llio condition of tho workmen who hnd como
from tho camps, lio wired to Kdson
to hnvo tho timo Hhools mado up <-t
onoo nnd Rent, by spoclnl Irnln consisting of (ho fnstest englno on tho rond
, ,1 IT-*. I ,  .   I.,     .,,(11   1	
<*I,U   .*   .''i.'t,.-,'   ■*.**.. * »•        .......    !.**.   .......
nrrlvod lu "Rdmnntn-n hv this ■mnvnlut**
nntl tho mon rnn socuro thoir pay by
applying nt tho officii of tho company.
In the meantime tho men aro being provldod with propor sloplni*; accommodation   by  tho   Grnnd Trunk
k'nt.llH.  t aii'Iia;-   -v«iu*,i*a.ij   *__-.»   Ui-lii,  lw.
foil until thoy receive,, thoir pay.
Tlioy woro unsuccessful In thoir attempt to seo Mr. (•hnmborlnln In his
private car on tho siding at First St.
Ho did not arrlvo In tho city from tho
yards tq tho north until much lator
that*. wa'o expected.
Thoir caso was brought to tho attention of tho at lorn oy ^n_ rnl-a do.
pnrlmont and It Is understood tlmt ho
communlcntod with tho Grnnd Trunk
Pacific authorities, asking them to
tnko Immediate steps lo relievo tho
dostltuto condition of tho mon.
Yesterday morning tho men stormed
the uollcu station necking rc-lccsa for
their wronK«. The police wero unable
to dn anything for them at that time
nnd referred them to the attorney
yesterday nt lho Canada West,, Colliery, Tabor, Altn., undor lho manage-
mon of Y. S, Kidd, a man was brought
out, of tho workings in n stalo Ihnl can
only ho doscrlbod ns "moro dond thnn
allvo." Immodlntoly Iho facts woro
known, a spoclnl mooting, of tho mon
wns called, when It was decided to
Immodlntoly lay off until thn mine hnd
boon put Into proper condition ns cnllod for by lho Conl Mines Rogiilntlon
Act, that Is, Hint fresh nlr bo siiiiplfutl
lu plenty, to tho oxtont of 100,cubic
fool for mich mini, horso und mulo,
Romo Idon of (ho shocking coiiill-
Hoiih prevailing In thoso unilorgi'ounil
donth IrnpH mny bo formed by the roport to hnnd, which slntoH llinl tho
rouson for tho "lny off In Hint tlin
mon nro ponlllvoly nfrnld to work In
tho mlno, and tlmy prefer to froezo
on tlio siirfnco rather lliau fnco dcnlh
In Iho form It In prosonlod hy tho conditions which nl. present obtain, TIioho
conditions woro nggrnvalod by lho
fnct that It Is useless for tho mon to
j,,*.**!....     t«/     t»«t.     __|/_,» t.,U,,>,      >**.._/    .>,.._ ,H i
lnurh "nt thom, nnd vonllv.lnf. 1h« futility of suoh nsoloss monsuros, tho
mon havo at last tnfoon tho mattor In
thoir own .muds In an effort to havo
tho wholo iiuestlon dotermltiod onco
and for nil.    Thoy wnnl frosh nlr to
*i,iv..Un;, •V.i-.i xwii vMuun_>!'.-> _.v*i.*>"tul_*.
Improved to tho standard cnllod for
by the Coal Mines Hogulatlon Act.
President W. II. Powoll nnd International Hoard Mombor Charlos Onrnor
nro on tho spat and hnve already forwarded telegrams describing tho con-
tlltlotw to tho following.
Premier A. h. Sifton. O. M. O'llrlon, j
M.T...V, .Tolin Storks, TVtpnty Mlnlstop;
of Public Works, and Chief Inspector 1 __
of Mines Hllrllng. |
A jriM-ll**.*? has been arrang_ 1 <
between tho two officials of tho U.M.W t ♦
of A. ami lho management ot the col-1.»
Ik-ry at 1 o'clock, and It Is to bo lioiw-d ;♦ thla may result la tha cou_i_*v.*.> **->
taking Immediate step* to remedy the '♦
existing evils and Iherchy enabling the < •»
mon lo resume their work under proper conditions. j
"companion; i-ire~aoggy_n*au-uieen-uu'-
wise enough to get on the track just
as tho train was pulling into the depot.
The Cranbrook' Board of Trade will
givo a concert and ball Tuesday next,
13th inst.," in the Auditorium, and. a
large contingent, from. Fernie will participate, among, otlyjva. Mr. and Mrs.
G. P. Stevenson,' Mrs, H H- Depew,
Miss Pym; R. 11. Webb, who will contribute to the evenings entertainment.
.The days of "Wild West" romance
aro fast (disappearing. Tho arrest of
John C. Fisk made by two officers of
tho R.N.W.M.P,' was effected by tho
use of motor car after a 70 mile night
rido Hereafter "M P" must, signify
"motor" instead of "mounted" polico.
—("John Bull,"'please copy.)
Now thai work has been resumed
at both No 2 and No 3 mines In Conl
Creek, lt Is earnestly hpped that they
who have been so onergetic In spreading nows of an alarmist character will
bo, equally diligent ln letting It be
known broadcast that tho ruraars they
had so pcrslstontly circulated wore
without, foundation   .    *
John Powoll, who was formerly colliery manager at Coloman, and lntor
nccopted u position with tho Alborta
Government nr, Inspector of mines, Is
now ln control of tho Wostorn Cnnn-
daln Collieries nt Ilollovuo.. The compnny Ih to bo congratulated on having
obtaining (ho sorvlcos of such n
thoroughly competent man.
Anton KlImoKak was brought back
by Const able Ilulgor from Lothbrldgo,
nnd charged beforo F. J. minis, J.P.,
nt Michel, with noglect-.of his flvo year
old girl, nnd seven months boy. Ilo
*,vnt) sentenced to throo mouths hard
labor nl Nelson. Chlof Constablo
Bnmpson Is making arrangements to
hnvo IIiobo children taken euro of at
the Homo In Vnncouvor, nR tho mother
Is dend.
In coiiBOiinnnco of soi'lflus Illness In
tho family of Mr. I R Cl Vnn Wntt, Iho
chairman of Iho Hoard of Conciliation,
It wns found nor-ossnry lo postpone
tho mooting of tho nonrd of Conciliation but unless imforosi'cn clivtur-
stnnrcn Intnrvoiio, wn uiidi-rslniid llmrn
will bo a silling on Hnlurdiiv n..\t
In Kernle Mr W fl Uxno inpioHtints
tho Crow's Niisl. Puss Conl Company
Itlid Mr C Stuhbri tho D.stile. Vice-
Presndcnt tho minors, with Mr I B O
V nn Wort officiating ns chairman.
On Thursday nvpuliig lho Hot-nml of
the Burluii of dnnei'H hold undor tho
nunplccs of tlio Fornio Dniiclng An*
sombly took plnee, whon botwoon iii)
f.H-,,1 70".--- ono... tt ;ilon«inTlt ovoning. From roporlH to hnnd It would
appear Unit, thu dnncu on this u-*.*h-
slou wns sin uiuiiinllflod success, but
under the bos-t rr-'gulntlo*;.--* thoro nro
oft HmcH smnll points In which Iin-
provemnnt might ho mndo, and If wo
I .   t    ) ff -1 < ri-ft-ViCiH J-*"*"".        .I* I".        l-)»f_1ll .1
k..»r.    . -*■.'        » ■' *   ,i    r-
v-ntuio the opinion that a littlo moro
tnrt on tho part of floor committee In
arranging Introductions botwoon suit
nblo pikrllos would ho a docldod Improvement. However, ovorybody appeared to bo delighted with tho oven*
Itir, which nitgors woll for lho pnpn-
Inrlty of Dwtw dances during tho winter scnHon,
WASHINGTON, Dec 5—The possession of one sixteenth of negro blood
brings a person under the classification "of *"colored'-' according-"t'o a decision of the district'court of appeals
to-day in the case of Isabel I Wall,
eight years old, against the Board of
Education. The girl was admitted
to a local white school more than a
year ago but afterwards was 'oxoluded
on the ground that sho was colored,
The evidence showed that the girl had
one-sixteenth of negro blood in her
veins and Justlco Wright upheld tho
action of tho board of education.
Coal Creek  Men  Fined
In the Provincial Police Court, on
Wednesday, two men named Henry
Sandford and Daniel Malbon were
brought.up on a charge of infringing
the Coal Mines Regulation Act. , It
appears that while'at work they had
accidentally damaged their lamps with
blows from their picks, thc pick ln one
case going -lean through tha'"botto:m
of the lamp., Their failure' to report
the incident, in accordance with the
. phq vis__ojus__i_f_ the_JJ.ct_-Wi.__l__>-reaso_
for their appearance and aifine"of $10
and-costs was imposed .in each case,
We have a report to hand that a
fire boss by the name of Heathcook,'
while on his rounds in the shaft of the
Frank Mine on Friday morning, Dec.
10th, presumably crossed one of the
small pillars and got into the" old
workings. From this point nothing
further, has been heard of him, and it
can only be assumed that the name
of another victim has been added to tbe
long list of'fatal* accidents In the'
Mines.of Alberta, and that the unfortunate man has been entombed by a
fall. It is not yet known whether
or not Heathcook is alive or dead,
but a rescue party is diligently at work
endeavouring to effect a recovery of
what may prove to be a living person
or- only the shattered hulk of what,
was, a short time ago, a living breathing man .with the'energy and vitality
of a sound constitution and a healthy
frame. Everything possible is- being clone to find out,the actual condition of the unfortunate man, and if
still' alive lo effect his rescue at the.
very^earliest moment, and we hope
during the few short hours remaining
before we go to press .lobe able to report-that he has been rescued alive.
Claim For Compensation
Pending Further Data
Interesting Case
The Toronto Globe intends issuing
a holiday number that will certainly
be-a magnificent production judging
by advanco information received regarding its contents.,
Frank Ilullon. whose yarns of the
sea lifo in its varied forms'will contribute a story dealing with a Nova
Scotia seaport that, will appeal to both
old and young. A romantic description of Western life with "The Runaway! Grandmother" for' a title, is
Nellie L, McCluny's production.
From-the pen of .lames Edward Lo
UosFignol is a tale of Quebec lifo
which he ro'iitc-H with Inimitable
Tliere are mnny other pleasant fen-
lures'of a high literary order nnd in
addition thereto some 'Illustrations
thut are works of art,
At the-meeting of, the,City Council
last evening it was decided t.o increase
tlio salary, of the Chief of Police by
$15 por, month. The advance was
niade on the earnest, recommendation
of the Polico Commissioner, and we
wish lo add our oaiiqrat.iilaUons .(o
the gallant'Robert. (Bobby) on the occasion of this well merited recognition of his worth.
Acting on the recommendation of A.
McDermid, the appointment of R. W.
Macdonald, of Calgary, to the position of Cily Auditor, wns acted upon.
On Monday, coming, nnd during tho
week, Mrs, Hlrbeck will demonstrate
the special virtues of "Gold Standard"
Tens, Jellies, Extracts, etc., In the
grocery department of the Trites-Wood
Co., Ltd,, Store, Fertile. Ladles nre
cordially Invited to view tho exhibition.
Tho question of componnatlon In tho
caso of M. Jagos cnmo up beforo Judge
Cnrpon'or p.* Colomnn, Altn,, on Thurs*
day, Doceniboi" 7th, Colin McLnod np-
penrod nn bohnlf of tlio Intonintlniiiil
Conl and Coko Co,, of which lho do-
coiiHod was an omployoo ot tlio tlmo
of his doalh, and II. A. Mncklo, of
l-.tliiioiitoii, nppenrcd In tho IiiIci-ohIs
of lho widow nt tho Instigation of tho
U.M.W. or A.,'(.om fltubbH. vlco-prosl-
dent attending,
Tlm objoct Inn to lho puymonl of
Ilie niiiiiuiil of cdiiipeiiHiitloi), $IS00,
cniifortiiitlily to lho laws of. Albertn,
was raised by tho counsol for lho Conl
Company on tho grounds thnt tho tie-
immleiitH of llm lU'ccnscd wero resilient In a foreign count ry nml that according to lho Kvltltmco Act. It wiih
nocossnry thnt tho tonllmony should
bo furnished proving thnt tlio Indlvl-
i.,  i    i     ,,i   * <  (- -1 !<* v. -"   - "'-l
worn hnnnfldo dopr-tulents of tho i|e-
eeiiHod, To offect IIiIr, documents
hucIi nH mnrrlngn cortlflcntos, birth
tiitilflcates, etc, wero essential, find
tlicHo presented before n ctimmiimlou
charged wllh this duty, and when con-
tho Judgo hnvlng Jurisdiction. This
would nr-cossltnto connldcrnble ox-
penso, and In tho ovont of an Individual like a widow, whoso menus of
support, hnd hoon hilled, practically
monns stultification of the purpose for
ti'lilefi flir' Intv* .-/ni onncfrd, nt Iho nmount required would bo tiiiitnmnunt to
» prohibition nf ntiy ncflmi belmr In-
kr-n. We Intend 1o furiilhh a complete report of this nctlon In our noxt
Issue, becauso of Its bearing on similar ones lu thn future.
Iii giving Judgment, for wages to six
Grnnd Trunk Pacific laborers, Mngls-
train llyers, of Edmonton, declared the
trcntmont of its employes Hint had
coino undor his notico   Is   disgraceful,
"I myself lmvo known men to havo to
wait, for throo weeks beforo thoy could
lonvo town whon they had nnotlior situation ready for thorn at soinn other
placo.     During I IiIh I lino thoy hnd to
pay thoir bonrd nntl  wall, round for
lliclr monoy, besides tho Iohh of that
time.     Wlillo this may not, bo vory
much to a wealthy company llko the
Grnnd Trunk J'nolfle. It Is a vory large
Itom to a poor working iiiiui who has
lo work from tiny to day In order lo
llvo"     Addressing the Grnnd Trunk
Pacific counsel, tho magistrate iitlvls-
etl him to bring tho state of affairs
forcibly beforu tho mnnngomonl  nnd
ondonvoiii* tn koop sueh n nnmo iih tho
Grand Trunk Pacific out of common
police court trlnlH,     It appears that
tho Grnnd Trunk Pacific, hits no pny
office tit  l-Mtiionton,    and    authority
nniHt  bo secured from  Winnipeg ho-
foro pny checks cnn bo honored. Hliu-o
IiihI   spring  100 cf  (hi-io  mnon lmvo
been  sul I led  111 police court.—-Labor
Assault   on   Provincial   Constable W
The six lumber Jncks committed for
...... ,,,,   .,,,. «_«„ ..... «< *   *.,,. .. - .«,.>,.■
nt re-on-MHtti" lVc-vlm-lf-l f'nn«tt\We W
Loacoy nt Elko, roeoiitlv. wero brought
up beforo Ills Honor Iho Judge. Throe
of the iik-ii were tlliichiiigcd. llioro being no piiiof tlmt tliey were m-tunlly
Implicated In tho iihhiiuR     Tho othors,
.Millli     . ,   .Hi.ill    Uiil lull    iiiiil    Dii'-iltt
Itoulston, were sentenced respectively
to IS months, 15 months, nnd 0 inonthH
hard lnbor
An ndvcrllsomeiit of a nursing bottle printed In a Cnnndlnn newspaper
concluded wllh the following: "When
Dw baby Is done drinking it must be
unscrewed nnd lnld In a cool plnco
under a tnp If the bnby docs not
thrive on frosh milk It Hhould bo
Owing to the tUck times
at Coal Cre-J^*, mfn«r« are requested to stay away from
this camp.
Minors please stay awny fmm Hank-
i head, lis thoy cannot obtain work here.
Hlitlo of PiiilliH ill. !'..'i0 Tliiii-sdriy
t'nlonlsts    1S!>
Liberals     133
Nationalist*     4R
Lrtborltf-s    i'i
Ind. Nationalists   I*...
. T-nMnf _f;i     in
LII. rsls     12
LnhortteH  ■!..
•lml- Natlunallsts    1..
'Cain over tho Nationalists.
riocnuse I «th lmt nfrnld to lino Up
wllh my fellow workers ami mnko nu
ItfitU'St deiiiniid for that w.hlch Is*
nui-f*! by herltnge.
Mecniisc I wnnt lo see ovory man,
woman and child havo plenty lo ent,
plenty to wear and plenty of tlmo to
enjoy II,
liecuuhc I inn npiiuscd In Mill atel
Ignorance nnd In favor nf lieiilth and
Hofiiii*-'o I .etui think more of nn
honoHt, heiirl under it ragged shin
tluni I do of n bliicliheml blent with n
bunk iict-oiint, ,-,
llecniitiii n union mnn Is never ill**-
lespei-ted  b>   nil)'   (llio  I'M'ttpt   11  lot   (if
red-eyed mumler-i wllh moro money
thnn klinlii'-si.
Jlecnuiie when I pnv my diK'H Into
the union I realize that 1 ani -ulrrlng
Hoine "thickening" Into n howl of
soup for some poor hungry wnmnii
or child,
Heeninte I hnd "i'iitln'1* be unpopular
wltb n lot of double chinned doiigh-
i    .   .     n    .    i       i it     r  -.-ii
to mv fellow workers
Heenuso I itm  In favor    of   .moro
brood and Iohh Iiiii'IhIiiiossi, moro pio
;tjnl  poiii]).  mon-  tor.y  toltnge«
nud Iohh cowiinli* andciliiiitiiil*., unite,
soup   nud    lens   superstition,    more
... >____, ,..... .i.-,,>i>,.<-,- , ..,.,.    .* ,*,,-,   .*-. i* helllshnoss, moro honest  womon
noiitly ilrcssod  niul  Iohh foolish  wo-.,
mon   overdressed,   more   llvo,   loving
hiiHbnmls nnd  lexs    dlrly,    drunken
A iiIf.iI tsohnnl will ho i-f.-meil In
Fernio on Monday (-\i*nlii*g, 1 _>< i inbi-r
I.1i:h, nt 7..".n, In Mio Central Public
Sclionl, pciiuihslon hating bron obtain-
id throtiKli Uie (ouiti-nlen of the *■*( I«k>1
trustees. t'hiBMi-H will lie fornii'd for
the bole-fit of .Sliivuiilnn, I'olUh, Uto*-
i*Inn. ['nltan nr.-l I-'ri'tvIi ',--._!..f,.iitr of
the rlty, .Vo nationality or creed will
bit oxi-Juilod, and all -Icnlrous of obtaining kno<Alodgo of the Kngllsli laugungo
will be cordially admitted, PAGE TWO
The Alberta
Charlie O'Brien Brings in Bill
Providing for Bye-Weekly
'--Second Reading
The vast amount of words that have
been uttered recently'In the'legislative
assembly here, relative to faction
fighis between various representatives
of the capitalist class, whilst they may
fill considerable space in the newspapers, are of no importance to the
working class, and as this is the one
to which we cater, wo propose dealing with those matters that particularly effect them.   *
Holow you will find two resolutions
that were drafted by C. M. O'Brien
and introduced., , , "      '
"Whereas according to Article G of
the Treaty with Russia, of the 24th
of November, 1SS0, if the offence is
of a political character the fugitive
shall not b'e surrendered. Article 21
of the Extradition Act declares 'No
fugitive shall be liable to surrender
under this part if it. appears (a)
That the offence in respect of which
proceedings taken under this Act
is one of a political character;' or (b)
That such proceedings u,rc being taken with a view to prosecute or punish
him for an offence of a political character.'- ' 'In re Castioni, 1 Q.B. 150,
Denman, J. said: T think that to bring
thc enso within tbe words of the Act,
and to exclude ...extradition for such
an act as murder , ... it must at,
least bo shown that the intention" of
assistance, as a sort of overt act in
the course of acting in a political mat-'
ter. a political rising or a dispute
between two parties in the state, as
to which is lo have the government in
its hands, before it can be brought
within the meaning of the words
used in the Act."
'-'And whereas for' several years the
Social-Democratic party of Russia have
been carrying on a propaganda through
out that country for the purpose of
capturing the government, resulting in
numerous revolutionary outbreaks.
"And whereas Savvo Fedorenko of
TJman, in the province of Kiev, was
one the revolutionists. -He joined
the peasant's ,revolt and*-in January
and February, 1907,-he assisted In electing from the district he ftihabited,
to • the Duma, Kirlenko, Social-Demo-
—crati—r(=I-cirieiiko _3=now=siiLLenni^*"ex^
ile in. "Siberia.) - Savvo Fedorenko
was hiding from the authorities- and
seeking a chance to flee from the coun-
* try of his birth. On the fifth day
of January, .1908, at the village of Lav-
Jcovka, he came in contact with Savvo
Osadchuk, tho village policeman, who
' insisted on taking him back, , In self-
defence, ho shot the policeman. Martial law had boon proclaimed and was
in forco in that part at that time.
Fedorenko made his, escape and finally settled in Winnipeg. The secret
detectives or spies of the Czar located him. Thoy asked the Canadian
authorities to surrender Fedorenko
to them.
'And whereas' Chief Justice Mathers, of Manitoba, has committed Fedorenko for extradition. ' Those who
nre defending Fedorenko havo applied Tor a writ, of habeas corpus.
"Therofo***- bo It resolved that we,
the members of lho Legislative Assembly of the Province of Albertn, in ses
sion assembled this   day of November, 1910, ask the Hon. A. B. Ayles-
worth,* Minister of Justice, not to surrender Savvo Fedorenko
Introduced by C. W. O'Brien.
Resolution   No.   2:
"Whereas it has come to the attention of tlie members of tho Legislature that an application is being
mado for lhe extradition of Sovvo
Fedorenko now resident in the Province of Manitoba, and
"Whereas attention has been drawn
to the fact that the offence with
which the' said Savvo Fedorenko is
accused is alleged to be of a polilicul
character, and
"Whereas large numbers of people
from foreign countries have settled in,
and still continue to seek homes in this
country;  and
"Whereas it is highly desirable that
such people should feel at all times
that their rights and liberties will be
respected to the fullest possible extent ' while they are residents cf
".Therefore it bo resolved that we,
the members'of the* Legislative Assembly bf the Province of Alberta,
in session assembled, do hereby suggest to the Hon. the Minister of Justice of Canada, the desirability of,
making a thorough investigation of
the nature of the offence of which
the said Sovvo Fedorenko is accused,
and if the sarfie is found to be of a
political nature, to refuse to make an
order for the surrender of the said
Sovvo Fedorenko. as provided for in
tlie 'Extradition Act.'"
Introduced by C. W. O'Brien.
The,forceful make-up of number oiie
was not detected until it appearel
printed on the order paper of the'day,
when the Speaker refused to allow it
to be introduced, claiming that it conflicted in several ways with constitutional procedure, established precedent, or some other of the forms of
address that are part and parcel of
the - make-up of the language of the
petty bourgeois. This, refusal compelled O'Brien to substitute the resolution as per form number two, which
l^rcwtaifll>*ninlia _Trtts~to'ii^b'ut~thls"
was tho only way .in which to have it
brought .before the assembly." In part
O'Brien said:
As' a rule'we English speaking folk
can only, speak one language, and
many, like myself, are only acquainted with a limited part of that, hence
it is difficult for us to get correct information when othor languages are
involved. ' It is generally admitted
that the. press is not very reliable.
One eminent newspaper man is reported to have said, "Try to conceal it
as we ' may, the fact still remains
that we do not write what wo Hi Ink,
nor what we know, but we write to
suit thc powers that ,bo." In order
to got unbiased information from our
point of view. I procured a copy of
the speech made by Judge Mathers,
who after listening to the pros and
cons of tho now famous Fedorenko
case, issued nu order of extradition,
nnd it, is from this that. I look the
larger portion of my first resolution,
as well as most of what I am now
going to say, thinking that with such
a legal light as my guide, I could not
go far astray. This, however, was
not the opinion of the Speaker.
Mr.   O'Brien   then   dealtlf with   the
contents   of  resolution  number., one,
adding that at one time •-jv-eii great
thinkers    believed  that  philosophers
and agitators were1 the causes of-re
volution,  but  that  the  great  French
revolution.taught humanity as a whole
a lesson-that it was the opposite, and
that  therefore  revolutions    produced
philosophers   and   agitators.      Wherever you  find, philosophers  and  agi-,
iators, there you will find exist great
social diseases which - increase in intensity in proportion to  the  number
and  vigor of these' philosophers and
agitators.     The .wealth producers of
Russia are not only suffevinq    from
growing capitalism, but also from dying feudalism.     True, we in this country are not wholly, free from' the latter, as is evidenced by the fact that
I could not get my first resolution before  this  assembly.      Owing  to  the
fact "that  capitalism  is  in   the  early
stages of development, and that feudalism   still   retains   a   strong  hold   on
Russia, the socialists there arc compelled to adopt different methods for
spreading  propaganda  to  that which
obtains on this continent;  but there
as here, and in fact in every other
part of the world, we revolutionary
Socialists do not consinder the members of the army, navy or the police
force as our class enemies.    They like
us are propertyless wage slaves, and
they are doing the work not necessarily because they like it, but for a similar reason that the workers go into
the coal mines, engage in railroad construction, and labor at other undesirable kinds of work, simply and solely
because they must work, in order to
live.      There  are very few, millionaires in the army, in the navy, or in
the police foco.      When the revolutionists of Russia have to do injury
to individuals in these forces it is always, done in self-defence.     The Russian  authorities  would  much  prefer
the revolutionists to blow up a 'thousand of the army or navy or police
force,   than' one  Duke.     'In   Russia
there is no capital punishment for taking life;  that is reserved ' for those
who are charged with political offences.*    .If   the   Canadian    authorities,
allow Fedorenko to be taken back to
Russia, or had  he  returned  with  a
policeman, it is possible that he would
not have had to, suffer death by being
shot or hung after a trial, but would
probably  have  been. subjected  to  a
process  of torture  that would  have
compelled him to reveal the names of
comrades who may. not even be suspected, and have not been caught, and
they in turn would have had to suffer
in like manner.     I am not trying to
appeal to your sentiment, or to brotherly love feeling, because we Socialists
are materialists aiid try to state plain
■hard cold facts.——We—propose—that.
Fedorenko shall not be taken back to
Russia; it is for you to dispose in accordance with what you consider will
best suit your material interests.
ers, miners, etc., because of their environment, when they reached Canada
the change left them in a fit state of
receptivity for the revolutionary propaganda of the Socialists.     This also
applies to workers from- other parts of
the world, and he suggested that .the
Canadian   Immigration   * Department
should try    to    induce    all    French,
Scotch and Irish Eastern Canadians to
come  West,  and  also  endeavour  to
induce old timers in the West to remove to the East.     He further con?
tended that' tlie' question of govern- J
ment or.private ownership of natural
resources  is  of  no real  interest to
the wage slave of Canada, because in
both cases they are equally exxploited.
This was clearly shown by the effect
that provincial control had upon the
working ■   classes, inasmuch as they
were not better than anywhere else.
There was just as large apercetnage
of men seeking to sell their labor power, likewise as many out of employment, or drawing poor wages.     He
further said, if provincial ownership
of natural resources would speed the
development of capitalism he would be
tempted to support, it, as that was the
aim of the Socialsts, whereby capitalism would reach such a"point of concentration in thc hands of a few individuals   that   an   industrial   revolution
necessary to change the system would
O'Brien was inclined tb wander from j
his subject, and dwelt at considerable I
length upon -the principles of Socialism.
Continuing he said that capitalism
had now reached a state - where it
'could not employ all the working
classes, hence there was great unrest,
and it was costing more and more to
keep them in * subjection, and so the
cry for Dreadnoughts, Boy Scouts,-etc.
He dwelt on -the Malthusian theory
of, population, which he averred was
an exploded,notion of half a century
ago; and,challenged the statement of
a previous speaker that the immigration to ..Canada and other' sparsely
populated countries was dt,e to the
over-population of Europe.,.
. Mr. Michener's claim that the Liberal Party had stolen the Conservative thunder was treated .satirically,
and the, deduction drawn that the
two thunders were identical, but that
there was no fear of their stealing
the Socialist thunder, viz., the abolition of the wage "system, as that meant
death to capitalism.
"O'Brien, you are treading on dangerous ground,!.* said Bennett, vafter
the debate had been adjourned. "I
was going to tell you before,--but knew
you would accuse me of purposely interrupting your speeech. You cannot
condemn the government while you
are in assembly, but you may do it.
from the street corner. This is what
you would call 'rotten capitalist law,'
but it is the law." . OBrien thanked
him for the information and later bn
the member from Calgary said: "If
those fellows don't elect you     next
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's   Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
PAID-UP  CAPITAL,  $10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000
After the debate ori Bramley Moores
Provincial Rate Resolution was resumed by C. W. O'Brien, who spoke for
about an hour .during the course of
which he took the opportunity to refer
to the remarks made by Hoadlcy, of
Okotoks, relative to the conditions of
the farmer In Alberta being poor,
which, if uncontradicted, might bo used
by the emigration officers in their
efforts to stem the tide of emigration
from the United, States. He said that
contrary to being opposed to immigration, he was in favor of it, but from
a different view point. Experience
proved that the greater the movement
among tho wngo slaves, tho wider became their montnl vision. Tho
workors who were Democrats and Ro
publicans In the United States, for
the same reason that thoy were' farm-
time ,to say the least it will bo very
ungrateful of them, as you certainly
have never overlooked a single opportunity to put their case before this
We also solicit the care and rental of houses, stores and estates,
and exercise unusual interest in
looking after' them.
Interest at the current rate is allowed on all deposits^ $1 and
upwards in this Department Careful attention . is given' to
every account.   Small deposits are welcomed.
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons,
withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor. Full and clear written instructions as to who is to
make the withdrawals should always be given to the Bank
when opening accounts of this nature!".
FERNIE  BRANCH ,L;  A. S.  DACK,  Manager.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised ._ ..$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital   Paid   Up. $5,575,000       Reserve Fund ......... .$5,575,000
D. R. WILKIE, President     '    HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlct-Pres.
Arrowhead, * Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
. Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
' Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit. ,
■n   ■
The Kootenay
Lines. Ltd
t   ' ■ ' >■
t ,■
K " *>•
■\7UrlSH   lo .innnunw to  .hoii-'il.oi's J:
"     und  patrons t lint conned ion will ho ,  \:
mnde in  the next, few days whereby direet J
Telephone (Joimniiniciition mny be had with
liMiinei-'s Imtit, Sand I'oil it, Onnr d'Alene and
other pnints in lhe Stnlt. of Idnlm. also with
tht; eity <>f Spokane and numerous cities nud
towns iu Ihe State of Wnshin«rton. This connection is ..Ihmiih" made with the Rocky
Mountain I>ell Telephone Co,, ofthe U.S. and
onr   line*-;    join    tlwir-j   -il-    |s.riii<ru.r«ilf>   U  i~
,i ..) .*-,, ,,
Tele-.hnne ecimmunicMtion went nf Movie tn
liv.u'i, Yabk and Kin«'s*_'ate, IV C, will be
established at the same time. In . Ilto'tinfj witli the, Rooky Mountain I Jell
Telephone Co . we are enabled to plnee before
the people of this ..strict direct Telephone
eoiuiniinieution with 2!J,00() subscribers in tlio
eity of Spokane alone,
Full Particulars ancl Ralca may be had on
mi r***n try   at    our    office.       Phono    No.    1
Enclosed find codv. of the fortnightly pay. bill introduced by C M. OBrien,
M.P.P, of* the Rocky Mountain Division.
Copy of the Bill
Bill No 32, 1910  (Second Session)
An Act for the Payment of Wages
"His Majesty by and with the
advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of
Alberta, enacts as follows.
1. This Act may be cited as "The
Fortnightly Pay Act."
2 In evory city, town and village
nnd within five miles of every eity,
town and village and in every other
plnco where moro than ton persons
are omployed wages shall be paid to
overy omployoo at Intervals not ex-
' coedlng fourtoon days
3 All wagos duo employees ceasing
to work or bolng discharged Bhnll
be paid forthwith
-I Every omployer and ovory agent
of nn employ or who contravenes the
provisions of this net shnll bo liable
to a penalty of not loss than fifty
15 This Act shall como Into operation on lho fii'Rt day of Mny. nlno-
toon hundred and eleven
, Tho following is In pnrt what ho
said nt.tlio socond roadlng.
"I Bpol.o nt .Iconnldernlilo longth
whon Introducing this bill nt tho last
bokhIoii, thoroforo at tills time I In-
Hon to bo brief,
'Tho wealth of cnpllnllflt socloty Is
a vnst accumulation of commotlltlon. In
.spite of appearances to the contrary
mi tho wholo, commodities oxchango ln
lho mnrkot. with onch othor according
to well ilnflnotl InwH—tlio lawn of vnluo
Thoir vnluo bolng dotorminr-d by tho
nvorngo Inlior tlmo thnt It Inkos to
produce them; prlco fluctuating nbovo
anil below according lo thn law of
supply and domnnd nntl othor, forcon,
Thorn* find uniIohh mumly comiifimnlo
onch otln'i*, prlco Is therefore, nvorngo
vnluo. On tlin wholo commodltl.'H nro
worth no moro and no Iobh than tho
nvorngo prlco pnld for lliom, Owing
to ntt'tl.tni'iiiiii-hliiory It lako. Iohh Inlior powor tlum uny other commodity,
ilft-plio tho funt thtnt labor powf-r I-.
tlio nil hiiporlnnt commodity, It !k
thr* only fiiiiiinndltj* In tlio world Unit.
■vliiMi put Into hho, cnn glvo vnltios
emit or tlmn ltn vnluo.
"Ah long hh r-niiltnllHm liiRff*—npnrt
irnn our Hoc-lnlUt movomont—wo, like
.<<'> ud.■■,,■,, ji.i.1. tn titivt.- p.tic in. Uio
,*-i•,■*')'■ out 11.1 oxclmngo of coin
modifies, thin, Iiow-'Vit, dries not In tho
lonst worry ino,
Hlnvory nnd dooolt go logothor, wit limit  deceit  thorp f-riiiM Iin nn tlnvorv.
Kncli Hiiceocillng form of Hlnvory
Iiiih cni'iioil with It iinovor IncronHliig
i-iinntlty of tlocolt. OnpltnllHiu bolng
tho lfiflt   Ih  tlm  most, docoltfill  over
* known.
* WiigtM tin not nlwiiyn oxprcsH thorn*
J hoIvch an ho much por day, wook,
*j iinuitli ur ywir, thoro nro largo num*
^'beiB of my einttH Unit nro wngo work-
* cut mil fit-In, lmt lit't'iuu'o It llnon not «o
iippciir Unit wny to thom tlioy nro
not toii-iclinm of It, Ihoroforo tlo nol,
think Unit tlioy belong to tho wngo
working eliisH, UiIh Iiiih enabled tlio
m pi In I Wi .lum to koop tm _llvl.!<->.l; for
*iiti»liiine.   ih,,   women    nnd children
* jarntinil n r-t,:,i mine wn«h, lu-ruli, link _
ipnteli, <i.-., ciihor In private or In   Ii-himh,   nnslHf   !u   hrliigliig
■Iforth rotil   m (?« tho in-fn and Vmytt
who go hit-i tho mine, lmt tho/ don't
Barber  Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
First class work,, guaranteed.
Drop In and convince yourself.
Razor Honing a  Specialty.
G.   RADLAND,   Proprietor.
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
has a variety of .meanings, but
you won't be "out of pocket" if.
you invest    in    our    excellent
ers.   It. is made from selected
'and well- -        *■*    /
and  is free from warpings or
other-    imperfections.      WliHe*
high quality rules here   so do
low prices. " ' * „"
Phone 23 P.O. Box 22
net a check on pay dny. Thoy nro not
included whon tho company Is tolling
of the high "nvorngo wago of $2 or
$21)0 por day. I vontiiro to Bay thoro
Is not a conl enmp in the west whoro
tlio wagos nvorngo $1.25 a day, nnd
ninny of thom will not nvorngo so
much, Then thoro nro tho farmers,
In fact, most nil tho so-cnllod nmnll
proporty ownoi'B. This ownorshlp Is
ii lingo joko bccmiBO nt host thoy havo
but a steady job,,thoy don't oven rocolvo Iho wagos that n tikllloil mechanic  rocolvos,"
Ilo then wont on to enumerate many
Oilier Instances of Individuals who lu
oBsonco nro merely wngo workors ro*
gnrdloHti of tho fact that, thai which
thoy j'occlvo did not express Itself nt
ho much por.
.Mnny of Uioho to whom roforonco
wiib mndo thnt thoy nro,wngo workors
would hcoiiI. tho Idon Hlmply bnciutoe
uncording lo logal lormliiology thoy
nro nol. ho coimldot'otl, thoroforo, ho
wild, "I fitiinot roncli tliem with UiIh
bill,     I wlHh I could."
Tho TrndoH CongruHH of Cnnnd.x Is
n commodity orgniilzntlon for Iho ox*
proHH purpoHo of Hoeurlng for Uioko
who imll their eoinnitidlly. lnbor now-
or, llio prlco (wngoH*) nnd tho best
poHHlblo conditions that the labor mnrkot will wnrnuit; nt thoir last convention thoy docldod to mnko nn offer to Hociiro n wookly pny.
«.  t i .... i , r it,    ,  .I.
.1        •'._> »     J...I      l'»       ■•' 1.4.1..U
up of enpltnllHt wnelnty lm rrnillr, but
nil Hclleir. of commodltloH find It to
tbelr IntoroHt lo got pnld for (ho commodities thoy Hell at the •slioiti.-bt pes*
Klble lutorvnlH and ofton Iowo.' the
priee for oiihIi
"..     l    -', ..-lit-. M    -|U   t,|l|K-,-.k    Ul    ^llli.    f.1. I**
timent I could tell of mnny '.llBad-
viuitiigoB bocniiHO of linvliig lo buy on
credit, nnd of n grent doal of Hiiffor-
orliig nml hiii.'.(linl.lon thnt romillfi
when credit In rofiiHod"
TIiIh bill having now jinHBod Its
■u-.-n.d M-inliiiK Ia .--.-furo the I.tgal
IIIIIh Commlttoo
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
Wo havo just cleared our summer stock out nnd now wo nro
roady to fit you up, for tho wlntor from head to foot. If you aro
looking for lho future nnd Inlond to savo your money purchase
your goodB from us, Wo have jURt bought tho stock of Mr, Jamos
Haddad and now wo nro cnrrylng a vory lnrgo stock of ladles' nnd
gents' furnishings. Trunks and vnllses, In fact, everything for.
mon, women and chlldron.
'   Our $].2I> Swoator Conts havo no oqunt.   Our $1.75 Pen Anglo
Undorsults havo thom all boaton.
Our Suits aro just tho kind you nood for stylo and durability.
Wo carry a largo assortment of Boots and Shoes, tlio host selection that monoy nnd brains cnn buy.
Noxt to Wluw-im Cfttnly Storo
Next to N'oi'tliorn Hotn
Thi-rs In mtit<< o.itarrh In Dili m-. Hon nl tlin MMintrr
tlnii nil iitiur iIU.-m*.* jini tiiKi'tln-r, nml until tin* 1'itt
fi vi- yi-ifi ii.ii tn l»- Itif-ii.ut'l-j*, i'or ii trmt
lii.iny yearn ilucmit pnmumir.'.) ll s loot (lln.'.-w nml
l,r'-ai:r!li"(| In,'4 ruiuOiri,, unii liy i-tni. ...Ml.', ..illliill
in tMirn v. .tt_ Im-.l iri'tiinrni, p-rnnuuiirrit tl liid-nNr.
H<-''«ii'i> Ihi |,r„v ii (iilnrili tn In- it .im.tHull(,uilJ ilU-
f",*\ nml O.-Fil-.T,. ririu'ii* _(i"i-.-||ti.tiimil mfilii-iM.
Ilill'n l-atai-iii ('iin-, niitiifiK-ttin-il »ij- I*. J, 'tKti-fT
,'. fi, T"M, I!!*.', (, ll. • i,n|v- I-., i,illi|i',,i ili'ir-pnn
tlm i-.i-irt.-t. it |i tik,-n Inli-niilly In "wi Irom t«
ilmin to .**■. u*i»|»Hi!i|u|. It uru itlrr-rity on II* til.nnl
it ml iwi'imi. Piirrnn-H til tin- Fyntrin, lliry tiffrr'nnn
li.i-nl-f.,1 i|,,!i,r*i fn. nut- r.iwi it lulin tn r*in-. Hctiil
l„r i,111' <r« ..i.(i ii-.iiiYv*",ni*i|i*,
A Mr.-. I   ; riirxi.Y A CO, Tn'*.itt.Oil*.
Ml li-- t>t WW*  I'i*., |t ,ll » l',.iri!'y I'liln fi.r<-c,n«tlpMi<«>,
Fernie Opera House
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Ledger Ads Pay
Fresh.   Cut
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets.
• >■
Lontt! Dlttmii-a Phone S77
LIHHimlUUtiii        ALtihliiA
Wnn* 1111(1 ro *.>!._ i[--j*.i\<j |nuiii|ii iii-
toiilliiniiiiil you will lm -ih-iiNiil tilth
wlmt wo kuihI you,
Not len I* hurotiy itlvim that nfior
thn oxiilrutlon or ililriy dnyH from
dnto, I, Davlil l-lpkuiHluy, Intuml to
iipuly to tlio n.monil.le, Uiu Chlnf
*'<iii.ntli",|ii-i<-r of l,nn>l». for « II<-''nt*o
in |)i*os|ii*ct coul und I'dniliium un
tlin followiim -lC'ici-ll).--"! linul* Mlniatm!
■■■."Illilil lut IfilM, fli-niip 1, Kivitcrwiy
District. CiwiuiH'ilctng nt a iiomi
lilinitu'l 20i) i>nt nortli nl' tlm nortli-
wt-Ht porniT of lot 1«(1H, thoncu nortli
SO rtmltiK, tltr-nri*! .-out SO rtmliiH, tliPiirri
hoiiiIi su oluilnN, tlii'iK*-!- w.'Nt t>o chnlnii
to ill urn of i-oiiiiiii-tu'i-mcnt, ciiiittiiiiliitf
(140 ficrf« morn or I.-hm.
X/"itiUi\ ilii* 27tli dny nt October,
DAVID KCKKItril.KV, Locator.
J't-r wm. I'li'Kon, Air*-*nt.
WMnrM--H.  A.  H<onr. .       lS-St
Subscribed to the "Dlntrlct Ledger." THE DISTRICT LEDGEE, FERNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 10, 1910.
Estimates Tabled in the
House of Commons--
7   Large Grants
Strathcona Horse,
Dominion   public buildings,
OTTAWA, Dec. 3—The main estimates for the fiscal year ending March
'31, 1912, were tabled in the house .today. They totalled $138,863,200,, an
Increase of $6,035,575 over both main
and supplementaries ■ of the' current
The,, following are the votes for
British Columbia public works: Chilliwack public building, $25,000; Dominion'public building renewals, i $8,000;
Cranbrook building, $25,000; Duncan
public building, $10,000;   Fernio drill
1 hall,, $11,000; Fernie publio building,
$10,000; Grand Forks public building,
$30,000; Grenwood public building,' $30,
000; Nanaimo public building extension
$22,000;    Nelson    building    addition,
' $7,00 Prince Rupert building, $5,000;
Prince Ruport quarantine station. $24,-
000;  Revelstoke public building, $30,-
000;  Vancouver public building, $80,-
000; Vancouver old post office building
locations, fittings, furniture.   $35,000;
Vancouver examining warehouse, $50,-
000;   Vernon public buildings $30,000;
Williams Hea dQuarantine station', im-
'  provcnienls and repairs to buildings,
.   and  fittings,  furniture,-etc.,   $10,000;
total $415,000. •  Of this amount $321,-
991 is a revole for harbor and rivers.
Damficld, west shore Vancouver Is-
* land, $5000; Columbia River improvements, $17,500; Columbia and-Kootenay River wharves, $14,000;    Fraser
"river (lower) improvements, $40,000;
Fraser and Thompson Rivers wharves,
$10,000; harbors, rivers and bridges,
general repairs and* improvements,
$10,000; Lockpqrt, Queen Charlotte
Island, wharves, $200; Masset, Queen
Charlotte Island, wharf, $5,000; Jlas-
sett (white-settlement) wharves $5000;'
Percher Island, mouth of Skeena river
wharves, $2000. Prince Rupert'quarantine wharves, $45,000; Sooke* Harbor,
improvements     of     entrace,     $500;
" Stewart,   head   of   Portland - Canai;
wharves, $13,000; to complete repairs
Sotith'Wales turpentine timber to be
used for piles required in British Col-
- umbia generalry;$15,000; Upper Fraser
"river and tributaries, improvements of
navigable channel, $20,000; Lillooet
river, removal of obstructions, $30,000;
-. Williams Head quarantine station, improvements, $10,000; total, $232,600,
of  which  sum  $209,600  in revoto.
Dominion public buildings,  $18,000.
Winnipeg, Dominion  buildings,  im
provements repairs,-, etc., $5,000; Winnipeg military buildings, hospital, $13,-
000..:-    ,.*-..
Battleford, public buildings, $33,000.'
Calgary, immigration building, $100,-
000; barracks for
renewals, • improvements, repairs, etc.
$10,000. Edmonton, new Drill Hall,
$5,000.' Humbolt; public building,
$25,000. Lethbridge, Armory, $15,000;
Customs house and Dominion lands
office, new heating apparatus/sanitary
works, plumbing, etc., $2,000. Lloya-
minster, public building, $30,000. McLeod, public building, $10,000. 'Mel-
fort, public building, $20,000. Moose-
jaw, armory, $15,000; new public buildings, $50,000. Prince Albert. Saskatchewan penitentiary, $24,000. Regina
armory and drill hall, $20,000. Saskatoon, purchase of land for public buildings, $35,000. Strathcona, armoij
$25,000, public buildings, $40,000. \'<_-
greyille, public building $20,000: Wet-
askiwin, public buildings, $25,000.
Weyburi. public building, $40,000.
Comes word from British Columbia
that Premier McBride is getting rid
of tho big men in his cabinet and
taking up with pale substitutes. This
may be playing the game—it, was, we
remember, the plan of one famous
Canadian statesmen to -make his colleagues in council nothing more than
registering clerks of his will—but It
docs not run with greatness sure of
itself. The Sun is not jealous of
Mars or Tellus or Jupiter or Saturn
because they circle round him. It
does not transpire that George Washington got peevish because backbiting, contemporaries said Hamilton was
his brains aiid Jefferson his pen-and
somebody, else his sword. He took
criticism like that standing up and
was the bigger and better loved for it.
Premier McBride can afford not to be
afraid of Bowsers or anybody else
near the throne. Is he aware that
he has the. Tories, East' and West,
looking at him as the handsome hero,
the Laurier rediv'ivus and regeneratus,
who is to lead them out of bondage
Into the promised land? Here,is
tho frame-up every stalwart from Halifax to Vancouver talks by • day, and
dreams by night: "In 1916 Laurier will
have died, or quit the gamo. He is
an old man now and litis expressed a
wish . to spend his declining years
with his books and flowers at Artha-
baskavillo. After the goo oral election
Of 1911 or 1912 he will never go to
tlie country again. When lis steps
out the same thing will happen as-happened when Sir John Macdonald died.
Threa or four Jack-o..the-i_ln._hcs will
be tried and will fail. After that McBride- and a change of government."
It sounds plausible, "in 1916 Richard
McBride will be ricli enough to i\6
what; he pleases. Ue' will be forty-
fi_y_o_mar_s_.io_ld,_andJcleal'age for'Pre-
and bounds. Not a day-passes but
that we hear of now consolidations of
capital. " -       "
Up to the present this concentration
of wealth and reorganization of industry has been in the main going on
oulv within the limits of,the various
Now, the trusts are spreading si'U
farther. Not satisfied with a national
monopoly of commodities, they strive
for international control
And what is more important—they
are attaining their goal. ...*
. The- latest instance of a world corporation is the beef trust. It has not
been finally formed but its appearance
is inevitable and imminent
According to reports received in
Washington, the United States.packers havo been extending the investment of their profits in big-ranches^
and packing houses in Argentina,
which is the largest exporter of beef
in the world', and next to New Zealand, the chief exporter of mutton.   .
North American investments have
absorbed the La Plata Cold Storage
company and the La Blanca company
in Argentina, and tbe former has now
become probably .the largest of its
Kind in tho world That is what the
New York Times says in a dispatch
received from' Washington dated November 18.
The United States company, according to tho New York Times, has
sent managers to Argentina, who havo
stimulated, tho meat industry to a
point unequalled in any country
There is no sign that * Argentina
meat will*come to the-United States
It is all' shipped to Eurpoo .where it
brings high prices, while if sent here
it would tend to lower prices Thus
the beef trust has both continents at
its mercy
The beef trust* needs only to gain
control pf the New Zealand interests
to liave thc entire industry in its
grasp    •
The Times also says that : "Every
indication, from a careful study of
conditions" by expert observers employed by the department of • com-,
merce and labor, seems to show that
tho price of meat is to go up rather
than bo reduced in'any great extent".
The beef trust must gain control of
the New Zealand market before it becomes a world trust, but that is coming fast '"" In less than a year it'! will
be all brought up.   ■
The Socialist do not regret this in
the least.     In fact they welcome it.
The Socialists hold that* tho world
trust is inevitable—it must, come* if we
are to have progress. ,   *,
The magnates -at the head of the
beef trust are doing great work in
consolidating' in every land and clime.
They deserve credit for the feat they
are performing.
. Tho Socialists never wail when a
trust appears and develops. The only
thing the Socialist objects jtc is its
_P_.-_v.ats_ ownership. 7_
Lethbridge, Alta.
mier of a brisk .country, his mind cool
for judgment, his blood hot still for
action. Meanwhile, if . he has his
eye on/the big game, he should beware
of littleness. When he is - the"'whole
works he can—but that is another
udsons Bay Company
The Choicest Lines Very Carefully Selected
Each Hamper is packed to carry safely in a specially
made box, handsomely painted and supplied with a hinged
lid and fasteners.   Prices are f. o. b. Lethbridge.
By Emanuol Julius.
Capitalism Is developing step    by
step.   It. Is  going forward  by leaps
Now that the, world trusts are appearing the workingmen. and women,
of the world must prepare to take
them over—own them together socially and operate them democratically in
the interests of the working class.
This, in a word, is Socialism.
Which do you want? Collective
ownership of tho trusts by tho workers or privato ownership by the capitalists?    You can take your choice.
New York City.
Written for The Herald. *
IIAMPEK   So,   X-.V1—IMUCR   $_..00
■> .Welfi-ht 30 pounds)
1 Ifitdxoii'N Hay Port.
1. ltiulMon'M Day Sherry.
1 Hudson'.*, liny Special Native
1 ItuilMoii'.-H Hay Catawba
1 IIuiIhiiu'm Hay Ginger,   "Wine.
1 IIiiiIkoii'n Hay Claret
6 bottles
Jl.tMIM-Ill Xo. ~S-"i—PRICK $-1.00
(Weight   30   pounds)
1 Hudson's Hay Brandy    .,
1* JIikIhoii'h Hay Claret
1 Hudson's Hay Port.
1 Hudson*.! Bay Old   Itye
1 Hudson's Hay Sherry.
1 Hudson's Hay Scotch.
G bottles
iiampeu, Xo. x-.iti—iMucu n***".,-,!.
(Weight   50   pounds!
2 Hudson's Hay Old Rye "
2 Hudson's liny Native Port
2  IIiiiIkoii'n Hay Catawba  *
1 Hudson's Hay Pale   Brandy
1 Hudson's Hay Tom Gin
1 Hudson's Uny Seo tell '
1 Hudson's Hay Claret
1 Hudson's Hay Ginger   Wine.   „
1, California'Wine "
12 bottles
HASU'Ell   Xo.   X-57—PltlCE   S7.00
■"  (Weight   50   pounds)   -
hamper  xo.   x-r.y—PRICE   **"*S.*>0
n (Weight  30  pounds)
l' Hudson's Uny Finest Special Port
1 Hudson's liny Finest Special Sherry
1 Hudson's liny Special   Scotch.
1 Hudson's liny Special   Irish
1 Hudson's liny Special   Itye
1 Hudson's liny Extra   Brandy.
0 bottles
1 Hudson's
2 IIiiilsoii's
Bo You
me ?
Xo.    X-.-.!>—PRICE   tffl.oO
eitrlit   50   pounds)
liny F.O.B. Scotch
liny 7-year-old liyo.
Hay Special   Native
Hay Holland Gin
liny Jamaica Rum"
Hny Ginger  Wine
Hny Old   Port
.liny Old   Sherry
Hay St,  Julien   Claret        t
Hny Pale  or Dark Brandy
Hay Old Irish
12 bottles
1 Hudson's Ituy
1 Hudson's Uny
2 Hudson's Hay
- Hudson's liny
1 Hudson's liny
1 Hudson's Hny
1 Hudson's Hny
1- Hudson's Itiiy
1  Hudson's Hay
-"i_.llldsOI_*-.- _ _
1 Stone's British Wine—Ginger, Basin
Cowslip, Elder, or Orange
12  bottle*
Pale Brandy
Demerara Bum
5-year-old   Rye
Torn Gin,
Niagara  Port
Malt Whiskey.
Niagara   Catawba
Old  Port
:-j_.s-.___-_..__^T_r! __■!.. n»i_. __r
HAMPER   Xo.   X-tlt)—PRICE   ifl2.<10
(Weigh*;   50   pounds)
1 ((uart   Champagne
1  Hudson's liny Special   Scotch
1  Hudson's-Hny Old Pale Brandy
1  Hudson's Hny Old   Irish
1 Hudson's, Hny Finest   Old   Sherry
1 HiiiInoii's Hny Finest   Old   Port
1  Hudson's liny Jamaica Burn
1 Hudson's Hay Ginger   Wine -,
1 Hudson's Hny Club  Claret
2 Hudson's Huy 7-year-o!d  Bye
1  Hudson's Hay Cherry   Whiskey  "
12 bottles
HAMPER   Xo.   X-'il—PRICE   $14.00
(Weight   50   pounds)   .
1 quart Pȴnmory Extra Sec. '
1 Hudson's Hay Finest Old Port,
1 Hudson's liny finest Old Sherry'
1 Hudson's Hay Special Rye
1 Hudson'.,. Buy! Special  Scotch
1  Hudson's Hny      Booth's   Torn, Gill
1 Hudson's Hay Finest. Pale  Brandy.
]  Hudson's Hay Finest   Dark   Brandy
1  Hudson's Hay Special   Irish.
Jt IIi..l_..i*-.,   »«.y   .Ifimnlnn    T-1,nn
1 Hudson's Hay Madeira Wine
1 Gordon's  Sloe   Gin
12 bottles
Three   20-acre   Tracts,   of f
which- four  acres on each  $
are   improved,    on    Lake  §
Front, and   located   where, a
there* is  good   settlement,  g
Price per hloek §1500 and  §
at terms to suit purchasers.  §
This is a chance for anyone §
§ intending to make a home  @
© ■*_
§   V for himself at once. "    §
. ,     ■ t
•.■'*■ t
I    Joe ...Grafton ■/
_    j
1 RO. Box 48
J Fernie       -       B. C.
Tho Buffalo Republic has made an
appeal to«the generosity of the citizens of Buffalo, New York, to feed
the school children. Recent statistics
show that 40 per cent' of the school
children of Buffalo are underfed. This
Is a glorious the boasted
ago of Christianity, when ministers of
tho gospel are exclaiming that "Socialism would destroy the home.'
Veterinary Surgeon
- *ir*x*7*.-.™i*K**v^mtt
Calls promptly made, day or night
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery.
Fernie. B.C.
The   Very
Investment   on   Earth
Is the  Earth  Itself
Aro you u ho.noscol-.Gr, or ure you
Rooking n safe nnd profiUiblo investment in llio district of tlio futuro, will;
spring llio whole yonr round, soil ol! inexhaustible, J'ortility, erops growing
every ni'inlli in llio yonr, and trnnspor-
Inlion nt your vory door to tnko'your
products lo nil in.irlu.-ls; whoro thero is
a fino ocean harbor, nnd whoro grows
everything eatable necessnry for Iho
Whero you will got woll • on the
Whoro niodicino is unno.-ossnry,
AVIum'6 llioro is plenty of rainfall and
hoavy flows.
Where Ilie cool air from nearby
mountains causos ruin fnll overy month
iu tho year.
Whom you nro ut lho Const.
Whoro you do not need lo irrigate.
"Whoro you nro nonr tlio doop witter
Uiioru llio ooiinlaui, .-hm ofc-i'*...-. mu]**;
lifo worth living.
Where it rarely freezes.
Whoro thoro arc no winters, cyclones,
blizzards or tonmdoos.       ,*
Whoro tho J lowers bloom every inmiin
in tho your,
Whoro you enn wear tho samo kind
of clothes comfortably nil tho your
Whoro you fnrm every month iu tho
Where you snvo moro tlmn you cun
mnko Krustwurd.
Where tho tide of imigrntion in rapidly going, und lnnd values aro rapidly
Whore the land will yield anything
•vjtjfil fo titty pnrt of the country.
Whero sunstroke is never known.
fe_7 "-■,!" .-'N/,■;..-* vv.w^f/w^'V. 7 .:*
'..':.-ii *•> ■*-": ' *" *•■• ■•.'■■■ '"*-■,•.■■*tyy',;■.-.'   '. - ,-.*■■*■ ■-..   ■ ,
i- '-■v.*'--* , -'■       * •*"   -    ■*"••• '.-x ,'iur.v'f.- -,;--., ■■
.■■■ V, ,.      " •  7 r'-"'iy-T^'^^r'y^':-'"■:■ ■-*• ":■
'    -.       '    '•'*'■■■     *   ' "" '  .'.    * ••  ,  ■,- *        "'       -      -"••      • ,  *'",    ■"•   .-*'•.*   .,„.„ -„«wrrfl«..^.-jiW_,.,,t_viw^i«.,' .'.,-..*»( . '• ^^„--J,-i'-*-lV'. -,;'-' ■"'-.■ "•    ......s
$&&$#*-^^ :■'"■'
v^.y_ •**,.lv "      ..-     "I'm^mm
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Market unlimited; soil most fertile;
dimuUi iiU-iil; iiiidilli-liiiin oliliiiuulcd;
produee from eiiiiivntor to customer
without intermediary. The proximity
to tho principal eonat cities of tho province furnishes thc best possible markets. Tramiportnlion facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Ownor
Branch Offlco, Roma Block, Fornio, B. C.
Headquarters, 1537 Third Ave. W.
LOCATION: in the midst of mining,
lumbering nnd oilier large Industrie!*,
which afford largo remunerative employment to tlie owii'-r*-* of small I'urnm
in iho early hinges of their develop-
TERMS: lo per cent rush; bnlntH-e
on tei/ns u, .suit the pure!*r. NO
Where you do not Avork six months of
each year to keep from freezing and
starving tho other six months.-
Wlici'evctrel.-ilion is so si nonr and so
rapid as lo astmiish any Mastei'iiei',
Where five or leu acres put in fruit
or vegiilables, or poultry, will mnko u
Where wale-* is sol'l, pun', and plentiful.
Where nre  uiiknown.
Wlii'i'o you cini live iu a summer house
surrounded by flowers, fruits and fern,--,
Where there are prai'tii'iilly tm Ihm-s
Where il is so healthy Ihal people
rarely die e\----pi from old n-j-e.
Win-re lum.*; Iroulde. e;ilin*i*li, li.iy
fever, iisthnia, broiiehilis,    iln-uniatisHi
.ll.d iill  the  i!i- v:f \ .ifi.ililt- - I.I.I.-!'.-. ,11-
jifi'i-lii-aHy uiikii'.wn,
Where you will live leu years longer.
Where you worl* |e-.s and nblain
more thnn in any other p],-i--e on ---ii'lli.
Win-re your 1,-itid yields enormously,
and freight rales are not iieei-.s-.ry,
Where nil tlie industries are nearby.
Where grcnl opportunities are lyinir
Kveryoiie luiyim,' one of thi's-*1 farms
,..*   1,1.    ..,,        i*   ,•   il.  ,   C.i 1   ,11
Labor is the foundation of wealth,
bill without its proceeds invested you
will toil on ti_ tin- .-ml. |}., not miss
the opportunity. The only differcnee
between rich ami poor is one of investment.
A farm in the country, and at the
door of llu* eity,
To bo sold in small parcel-, of from "»
lo 10 jicres at terms to .suit the pnr-
IVai'tieally ull the water front is n
••lain bed at low tide. i +Ti-!2.-o-f*t*fc'jiia~ "Stat jtlWary ~*iV*t mijut-n g<
."•■Sis'  „«»■•.-.„_   _.«.-.*.i
x\ .1
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Feruie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District, Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book,'job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
Compulsory Education
r'T has been said by those who have 'investigated
the matter carefully that, although at the age
of -IO fully 80 per cent oi! men nre established in
whatever pursuit they follow nnd are in receipt
of incomes in excess of tlieir expenditure, at the
age of GO it.has been found that 9o per cent aro
dependent upon their daily earnings, or upon their
children for support. Many, no doubt, read the
despatch from Detroit which recently appeared in
the Canadian papers,* and which described the condition of a man who but a little more than forty
years* ago was a ''financial power" in that city,
who liad a "palatial home' on one of the most
fashionable "thoroughfares, entertained lavishly,
and to whom every person, high and low, was pre-
■ pared to pay homage. But the fates were against
him. He suffered serious financial losses, and
when he began to go down hill ho found it was
properly greased for the occasion.      His friends
a deserted, him like rats from a sinking ship, and now
a SO years of age, after his day's labor, he wends
his way to tlie city with the bent, brokendown old
men who have influence enough to have their names
on the city's pay roll.
The moral is that, out of your abundance something should be,laid aside for declining years, and
vested where thieves cannot reach it,'and where
one cannot, be deprived of it' in any possible way.
Government Annuities Act which the Parliament of
■Canada' passed in the session 100S, and which received the of both sides of the
You will get all information by applying at the
post office, or by addressing tlie Superintendent
of Annuities, OttaAva. .    , "
The foregoing statement has been forwarded to
us from the Government Annuities Branch at Ot-
liiAvn. by Mr. S. T. Bastedo, the superintendent,
with the request that same bo reproduced in our
columns, Lo which Ave willingly comply.
Wc would sLrongly urge our renders to study
the matter carefully, noting tho assertion made by
ono in authority that, in consequence of the uncertainties of lifo engendered by the chaotic nnd
disorganized method of administration of society's
needs, "!)5 per cent nre dependent upon their dnily
earnings, or upon thoir children, for support."
Here is food for reflection; remember thc source
whence it emanates, nnd which can by no stretch
of imagination bo attributed Lo the "'.Missionaries
of Misery," tho "Disciples of Despair," or tho
"Preachers of Pessimism," or. other alliterative
titles so frequently applied to those who discuss tho
decadence of capitalism; but, on tho contrary, cnn
be attributed to the supporters of thc present order
who, in their attempts (futile though they be) apparently are oblivious to tho fnct that the advocacy
of these palliatives is a tneit recognition of the fact
1 hut there is "something rotten   in   Denmark."
Thrifl. which  tho potty reformer so persistently
counsels, may, and docs, hnvo Iho rosult of improving the condition of a few individuals, yot not
so to Iho class ns a whole.     The nvorngo wage in
Canada is such that practically no margin i.s left,
unless tliere be a sacrifice of somo pleasure thnt,
ought to be denied to none.    Although stern necessity compels a grent muss of Immunity to economise,
the renson therefor is ignorance, and onoo let thom
become enlightened lo the ink-nil ii1!-; of tho present
system  (!)-snve the murk—nnd instead of temporizing  with   patchwork  policies such  as "Old
Age Pensions." "Annuities," and Ihe various other
soothing syrup remedies, I hoy will determine thai
the earth nnd the fullness thereof belongs to thoso
who nro developing its resources.
In lhe meiinlime, however, tho exigencies of the
case tn.t..' force some who are, able, lo cmbrnoi. the
OUR sister province of Alberta has noAv placed
upon the statutes an act known as the Truancy
and Compulsory Education Act, which, if! enforced;
Avill prevent all children betwen the ages of 8 and
13 being engaged in gainful occupations. "We have
not yet had an opportunity to learn Avhat the entire
provisions of this piece of remedial legislation con*
sists of, yet, speaking generally, it is highly im
po'rtant that the future citizens should be afforded
the means necessary for physical and mental development which is so essential in the struggle that
grows more intensified as the years go by.
-"We have tised the words, "if enforced," because
the mere'placing of laws on .record ■ without providing the machinery necessary for their execution
is a waste of. time and energy,, merely serving during the election, campaigns for orators to dwell
upon the beneficial legislation introduced. The
appointment of a truant officer, with full power
to act, may haveHhe result desired, and an officer
in like capacity would find plenty of employment
in this cily of Pernie. The ringing of the curfew
at 9 o'clock has become entirely perfunctory, and
does not serve the purpose for which it was intended. 0 Proof positive of this can be seen nightly
by any one who is not afflicted with blindness.
The only usefulness .that the curfew serves is that
at least once in twenty-four hours Ave may imagine
that the town clock is striking. It is very easy
for some people to say that the police should-compel all those of tender years to get off the streets
and go home, but any one who has had anything
to do with either boy or girl of an energetic nature
must realize that this is practically but of the question, and if it* is to be done at all, one individual
should' attend to this matter exclusively.
In tlie matter of truancy or absence from school
the excuse that the. parents make for* avoiding
compliance with the school act is the inability to
accomodate their children- if they send .them to
school. This is most frequently a paltry .pretext
for the purpose of exploiting them in various ways,
ancl even if there Avere any truth in the assertions,
it becomes all the more imperative that suitable
provision should be afforded by the construction
of ncAv school buildings, or."by the extension of
those already built.
We have no doubts on this question. ■'Many of
those who go to work,at the mines, or-in other
places, are taught deceit by ..their parents, who,
knoAving that 14 years of age is thc minimum at
Avhich these children can be employed, coach them
ybu?" glibly reply, "Fourteen years, sir."" Birth
certificates, or other satisfactory evidence of age,
ought to be introduced as an amendment into the
act alluded to. ■ ° '   ~~
There are also instances on record of children
being sent to schools when they are under the ago
s6lely because the mother, aa*1io has a large brood,
considers this an excellent way. of tmeporarily relieving herself of these "little trouble makers."
True, there are'those whoso parents, by reason of
thoir largo families aro forced to use every effort
to obtain tho necessary means of support; yet, on
tho other hand, there are fathers who expend money
for tho gratification of thoir own selfish desires
and thus compel the youngsters lo go to work-to
make up,-in a sense, a portion bf the deficiency
thus created. The best legacy that nny mnn can
lonvo to his children is a good education. Moreover, tho minimum age limit of 15, for example,
would enable thc child to develop physically, as
avcII ns mentally.
From Fernie to Toronto arid ."Return
From      " Montreal   ".
From      " New York "' ;    "
For further particulars make application to
Ladies' Lace Waists
Xmas. is Near
Christmas1 is now approaching. Suitable "presents now
on view. Call and see them.
Special attention is given to
Outrof-town Orders;.:
We have the Presents
Victoria Ave., Fernie
Beautiful designs'in Silk lined and at just   ,
half price.   Special at 2.00, 3.00 arid $3.75   ;
Children's Sheep Skin
Sleigh Robes
With Pocket $6.00, without Pocket, $4.00
Ladies' and Children's
Sweater Coats
All the new styles,  warm,and comfortable
and cozy.  "Now selling $1.75 to $10.00
' ■ *>
Felt Slippers for All
-,* Men's, Women's and-Children's Felt Shoes
and Slippers at right prices.
Men's Tailor Made
*>        ■■,
Extra. Special Values in Serges, Worsteds
.and* Tweeds arid made in.correct <&1 R
and styles*and pleasing patterns      V':*'
Toy Department
■Top   Floor.   Display   of   Dolls   and Toys,
Bigger and Better than ever,. prices lower.
Trites-Wood Co., Ltd
.,**,.,' v. . *,, ,, I ,
i 1 .
t,J W..,
 , im... ,.». ,„   i*.
*■*     j   *• --      - *   *»
:i-.*_ ..]i***e tic-inn*,' j'jfi-J'.'JJ'ilJi'n
''"'•I!'*''  "I :iv
r ,
can note tin; uil'ln.'.NS ul*uv__ .pioti-d.
Then* is another feature which k_j-.ii._I nut In;
hist sitflit, nf, and that is, often when nu'reemenlN
,i   i
employees, the cost,of living is disenssed with a view
to arriving at the lowest price nt which the lnhor
power of tliese two-legged vehicles of peramhnlat-
ing values enn he purchased, nnd it is not unusual
for (hem tn 1n)io an a guide their Htntistii-s from
those who have succeeded in putting aside a small
|n ivi'tita*,.",1 uf their oaniius*;... Then the. nupluyer
remai-ltM "If others can do it, ko enn you, and wc
cannot in the present state of the mnrhet rnalii* any
profit unless -'ou'^Ks'nm is made."
When* tin- jiroiliji-er.-* rm-hr • !'■* fnll value
uf th-..!*.* f,>u....v.*l, 'Ki-n the. itvluumilum ... "['.,,*.
drink and he. merry for to-morrow wo die" oould
ho carried <.ut.
FROM tho indications oi! the results up-to-date
thoro will bo no appreciable chango in the complexion of the next house from its predcccssoi'.
Tho usual surprises which arc a part and pared
of tho political whirligig took place, and it is now
in order for the post prandial explanations to he
Tho probabilities are now thnt the House of Lords
will hoc tho futility of further opposition to tlio
measures passed by the lowor house.
The composite elements of the Coalitionists will
neeessarily compel tho government lo tread gingerly" in order to steer tho ship of slate botwoon
lhe narrow channel of Seylla of Uoine Hide and the
Oharybdis of the Education Hill.
• The suggest inn of llalfour lo submit'questions
In a referendum is a expedient that conclusively shows lhe dire si rails in which lie nnd his
pnrty find themselves, but undoubtedly one may
apply lhe old dnggre],
"When  the devil  was sich  the duvil  a  monk
eould be;
''When the Ouvil got well, devil a monk we-he."
So far as the great mass of workers is concerned, the election will not affect their well being,
aud though huge appropriations may be mado for
the purpose ot granting old age pensions the cause
which creates the necessity for those palliativos wili
be hy no menus diminished, nnd neither of the
old parties dare apply the axo to the root of the
mil—Uie i'n ilii >y*-.lem—ami nollnug si ion oi its
abolition and substitution of the coll*, ct ive system
venn til ml ink the e.ils to-day existent whcrerei
capitalism holds sway.
Lloyd (leorge'H utterances cause one's mind tq
revert fo the c;im[i:ii;j*ri rif ..-Wi when Jo*.i**ph flir-m-
berlain, now the ultra-conservative was nlaking bis
appeal to tbe worker.1* of liuil and other places
in language, equal at least (even if not more vehement) lo thai of the ■Muuieellor of the Exchequer
and bis cullcngtic, Winston Churchill.
Tin- di'v.i uf tin** 1 Jiionist party in those days was
it i-.Wwi.i-* .iiU ■•.... i- til' Uie polity ikdvimced Wy .Si-hsc ■
Collin-*/*, of "three nem. nnd n cow."—Temporal
mutant ui', cl nos mntumos in illis. j
Xmas. Presents
Children's Toys
Phone 118
************** :-W****iHt*****W***********^
«t_j"e.t p"
JTX Um* JL__f Jr
Us pay money to white labor
_._.*" ,**'
Airtig-hts,  CoalJIBurners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and J
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
You aro now going through this world for the la-st tlmo:
Why Not
live on tho best and nothing but tbo bestj and go to
The 41 Market Co.
for your requirement!! in Moata, Fresh Killed and Government In-
spoctod; Flail, Duttor, Eggs, Ham. Bacon, Etc,
8. Graham, Local Manager
.orkingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Hoss & Mackay !ffil__
Tho Lodgor for Nows
Prairie Hay
The quality is
good and tho
prico is right
0, W, BUNG
Ledger Ads Pay
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water L. A, Mille, Manager
Ik ■_?■
_ - .•"■  ■ (
0 7
iv n
■YYYY'YYYYYYYyY-YYyYYyYYYTYYYYYYYYVYYVYYTYVYYyYYYYYrYYYAAftAi'ii^'fti'iMi'i1;' ■ Mi* "*"'•'* .**t*ii*t.H***itx,xixtV*V******xf*****k***t(t,>f***V*****>f***^
-."-.,■- ;■■•..••' ' i.  . .       * '   * -        . *
■-.   „.*■■!    - / ■  ■ ; I
?'    7    _*-.-""-*
5 _/ 'I
District Cam
COAL  CREEK   BY   174.
'♦ ♦
♦ '♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦'♦♦
i      it
Don't forget that .[Tuesday, the 13th
of December is the.International and
.District Election day, and it is up to
every member of the Gladstone I_ocal
to assist in.electing those whom they
consider wiil best serve the interests
of .the district, in the administration
of affairs' generally, and particularly
in, connection with the new agreement
which will be on the tapis on or before
April lst. 1911.
The men in No; 3 mine commenced
work again on Friday last, the evening shift; and some of the men in No.
2 on Monday night. Let's hope that
things will not be quito so bad as
some people would have us to be-
Quito a number of strangers   and
quite a sprinkling of old-timers, can*
bo'seen looking i'or w.*ii*U up here   at
the present time; but the chances rf
nthe new comers are somewhat, poor.
employees that liave been laid off are
tp have preference in the~other mines.
;The statement made in this column
.last week to the effect that W. II.
Evans was returning to Los Angeles
was inaccurate.    Mr. Evans has been
. advised by the doctors to lay off work
for thc present, but he expects to be
able to resume his old position, now
that he has. been able to procure the
medicine that.did so much to aid his
recovery in Californa. .      '
.The late Nathan Mitchell, of Coal
Creek,* - was "interred   at  the. Fernie
. Cemetery on Sunday last7   The funeral "took place under the auspices of
-the U.M.W.;of Al, of
' ceased, was "a member, and" was fairly
, well attended.'    A special train was
run    from    the Creek, and- quite    a
number   of   Cumbrians    and    other
friends availed themselves of the opportunity to pay their last tribute of
respect- to the remains  of one who
had  made  himself  most  popular ■ in
their, midst-during the few months he*
■bad been in this locality.     The de
' ceased "was a married man and leaves
a widow, and two children, resident
, In Whitehaven, England, to whom, as
prcviouslyTjntimated,. the sad intelli
.gence was communcated    by   cable-,
■gram. .*"*.-
7    Mrs. T.'Duncan and b'aby left here
7 last ..Friday to pay. a shore visit to
.-.Mrs. Duncan's parents, at Dlko, before
r^oingnto- he"r_ow"n*-ho"m"3~a"t~Pa"ssb"urg^"
AUa.■■   Mr. and Mrs. .-.henfieldaccoin-
, pnuied them down to BIko, where tliey
were-.he,"guests of  M*\ .and    Mis*.
\ Thompson, ai:d returned home
■ Saturday.evening.  .       7-.
-, Last Tuesday .weak the milk, team
belonging to Sandovs nnd Vorliac-s*.*-., of
/einie,'.received •vfi' *"lio ;*]IoJy
City'.and took it upon themselves to
.   travel at a high speed quite "outside
the, limit,", and'anything.,but safe io
anyone that might have been going
up the Fan Hill. .   The team  came
madly careering down, and continuing
tho wild  gallop, went right through
Welsh'Camp tin'd across the bridge
Into French Camp.   In going down the
lower end the sleigh came,in contact
* '0with  an  old  stump, .which ..brought
them to a full stop.     This was only
■for nn instant, however;, .tho traces'
broko loose and once moro tho cny-
U808, proceoded   recklessly  on   their
way down to tho dairy nlono,   Several
' children  were  playing ■ at tho  time,
but wo are pleased to report that tlio
only damago done was'to tho'sleigh
containing tho milk cans.
Jack Cart-moll and Joo Wilson left
last Saturday for a throo months' trip
to thoir old homos In Cumberland,
England. Thoy expect to lnnd in
tlmo to partake of thoir sharo of tho
Christmas dinner with, tho "Old Folk
at Home,
Ab will bo scon from lriut wook's
edition, Mlchol lias onjoyod a really
good tlmo In tho presenting of cortlfl-
ll.SdlmadomlnrUliooSHI-tD-SHRDU TJ
catoB to tho myicosHful candidates for
proflcloncy In first aid. Coal Crook
had tlio honor of first Instituting thoso
classos last season, and it is to bo
hopod that tho commltteo will nt onco worlc nnd ro-orgnnlzo. Theio
nro n. Iiirno numbor of mon who pat
for their- certificates last season who
have not yet received thom, andj/neie
are' lots of others who are "desirous of
passing   the   necessary   examination.
When things get on the move a_j.ain
we,may perhaps,hope for a return visit
of' the Michel class to the Creek. * -,
1 South has resumed
Now that No
work the whole of the mines are again
in operation, - though *. there are still
a large number out of employment.
A driver, -named" A. Sirino, got a
kick from a horse.while working in
No. 1 mine ou Wednesday afternoon.
On Thursday morning a Slav named
James Messinik got crushed about the
hips while working in Nb. 1 'north.
Rossco Sarchesl while working in
No, C mine as a,digger got the small
bono of his foot broke.
Born at Coal' Creek on Tuesday
the Cth inst., to Mr. and Mrs. Herbert
Langfear, a* fine son.
Mr. and Mrs. Bert Swanton, late
of. Hosmer, were paying a visit to
tiicir numerous friends up here ori
Wednesday prior to their departure
for the coast
Quite a bunch of Fernieltes were up
her on Wednesday evening taking in
tho monthly social dance.
Don't forget the grand concert and
dance in the Club Hall on Tuesday
evening; December 13th. The whole
of the proceeds to go towards giving
the children a monster Xmas treat.
Special from Cokato
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Blake-
more, a daughter. Mother and child
doing well. The father is-delighted
and has killed the fatted calf in honor
of the event.- *•■
' As there has not' been any news
from this place appealing in .the Ledger for some time past, and we understand that each and every camp should
have a correspondent, we will try to
give you a few items of the doings
here. , - '".'*.
This camp is in charge of Sam McVicar, who, is1 well-known in the pass,
more especially, in- Michel..*> Among
other well-known characters there are
Paddy Jaughton, whose ^nationality
can* .be readily determined by his
thusiastic as ever, ancl still retains" his
strong belief in the benefits of unionism. Watson is acting as secretary,
and although he keeps his head*warm
his feet sometimes suffer.* but he is
by no means troubled with "cold feet"
so far as the union is concerned. Bed
Alec Macdonald, we1 understand, is going to the Yukon in the summer,
whero, it will be warmer for housekeeping. Jim and Alec White, al-
i hough growing older, have lost none
of thetiv-cunning In the art of track-
laying,'both of them,being old hands
in this branch of mining.
On Sunday last we had a visit from
two ,.of* the District Officials, Bill
Powell and John Jones. Thoy were
driving a gray .and black team belonging to Charley Simister.. Speaking
of horses. \vo may say that this ur-
tainly Is a sturdy team, and as their
owner comes from Lancashire, and not
from Yorkshire, ,wo congratulnto him
on having mndo such an excellent purchase; If he had como from tho country of tho white rose ho would probably havo mado tho selection In the
charnctorlstlc Btylo for which tho Inhabitants of tho county of broad acros
aro famous. Tho chief whip of the
blmlstor Htablos Ib Dill Almond, so
well-known through tho pass.
Wo all of us enjoy tho Ledger and
will try to kep tho outsldo world bottor
posted on what Is going on horo in
tho future  '
It Is tho Intention, of Dr. D„ Corsan
to hnvo ambulance' clasnos fonnod
both1 in Fornio and Conl Creok in tho
oarly part of January. All Intorost-
od nro cordially invltod to bocomo
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
Competition in the grocery line is
keen-in Mi<-he!. Canvassers can be
seen - late Sunday night, soliciting
, - The C.P. Ry. Company are installing a pump with which it is intended
to supply water for the tank. They
do i.ot intend relying on the irregular
supply of water that tho coal company has been supplying them with".
Has anybody here seen Wilson?
(What Wilson?) Wilson across the
Creek. (Breakfast is ready.) Don't
make a uoise, he's on the night shift.
, Several prominent young men of
Michel visited the saw mill last
week to look over tho new and improved machinery which hns been installed down tliere.
Tho pool .room below the Opera
House is now open, and all day long
cries of "That's me," can be heard.
Great preparations are being made
for the masqurado ball on the 19th.
Anyone wishing for costumes should
see Willie Wipple. who Is agent for
some of the latest just from Paris..
Tbe skating rink is Hearing completion. The only drawback is the hydrant which is ■ on Its way from Calgary. ' When that arrives you will all
be able to get a "skate on."
We are pleased*-to hear that James
Davidson, who has been- laid up with
la grippe for the past two weeks, has
started to work again.
Mr. Thomas Jenkinson who is now
proprietor of the Bajmoral House, is
going to take over,the large boarding
house across the Creek. Mr. Percy
Johns is taking over the Balmoral
■ There wll be' a meeting of the Michel and District Anglers Association
on the,, Sunday after pay day. Election of officers for the ensuing term
will-* be part of the business of the
. Charles Garner and District President Powell have-been doing, some
good in the Prairie District. They
also got one hundred men to sign the
check v off at Canmore." "What's tho
matter with the International, organizers who.are in this district?'
We are'nglad to learn,of Miss Winnipeg's recovery and that she "is able
to have the splints removed. , ,,' ,
The new drug store is fast nearing
Michel look a little more cheerful.
Frank *' Pajk, who was working * in
No. 3 mine, met with a nasty, accident .Tuesday, some timber falling
and breaking his leg. " This is the
second accident that Frank-has met
with since coming to this camp last
September. '
• Nominations .for checkweighmen
took place, last Sunday, there being
eleven aspirants for the positions,
The following are those who were
nominated: Frank Campbell, John
Haddon, D. J. McDonald, Pete Man-
cuso, A. S. Julian, George Beddington,
Jack Lunn, Robert Oaks, Joo' McirrlB,
Wm.. Koolling and Joseph Gall.
..Frank Carpontor shot a peculiar
jack rabbit wliich hnd horns on its
hen'd about two Inches long. Frank
Is sending lt away to be stuffed and
then intends making a present of it
to tho British Museum.
P. C. Bugler Is now ablo to got
around ngnln. Wo aro glnd to learn
of his Improvement and hope that his
nnklo will soon bo O.K.
No. S was Inid Idlo Wednesday owing to tho slack bins bolng full, nnd
tho demand Is mostly for lump coal.
Report   of   Delegates  attending  the
8lttlng of the Royal Commission on
Industrial  Training  and  Technical
Education at Fernie:
To tho officers, and mombors    of
Michel Local Union No. 2334 U.M.W
of A; Wo your dologatos oloctcd to
npponr boforo tho Roynl Commission
on  Industrlnl nnd  Tochnlcnl  Education sitting at Fornio on Monday, Nov,
21st, beg lonvo to roport ns follows;
Thnt to us tlio wholo thing npponrs to
bo n fnrco, or rathor nothing olso but
a pleasure Jaunt for n few political
tricksters, so rowardod by tholr's (ns
well ns our)   master,  tho cnpltnllst.
clnss of the Dominion of Cnnndn,   All
porsons npponrlng boforo tho commission to glvo ovidoneo hnd lo glvo thoir
ovldenco undor onth or affirmation,
submitting tlioniRolvoR tn n cross flro
of questions by the commissioners, In
tlio ciiho only two woro proHent, tlio
oxplnnntlon for tho nlisonro of    tho
others bolng thnt nH tho Dominion of
Cnnndn covered a lnrgo men nnd tliolr
tlmo was limited, thoy lind to split up
the commlHHlon so as to cover two dlfforont parts of tho country nt ono
and tho sumo tlmo.     Tlio two com-
mlsBlonors   visiting   Fornio    boforo
whom your di-loKntoH nppoiirod wero
tho Uov. C, llryco nm*. Dnvld Forsyth,
BA..     On tho nrrlvnl of your dolog-
iUor nt lho City Hnll In Fornio    nt
nbout 12 o'clock n,n.„ llioy lonrnod thnt
tlio commlsdlon wns Inking n trip to
•"nnl CrooXr nt *> oVlnrlr nml wnnlit not
ho bnck till 4 oclock, nnd un wo ox-
prcHHCd n (Icbu'o to catch tho trnln
luavliiK Fornio at 0,10 p.m., wo woro
plaood third on tho list to npponr b.
/oro tho romnilsHlon, Tho sittings
oponod nt tlio City TTnll In Fornio   at j
n.,f,it»    .1 Of"*   n rrt_ T]'f   7?T,    C,    yi,.,,r.r. '
taking tho chair. In his opening
romnrks ho Informed us that thoy
woro n commission nppolntod by His
Most Gracious Mnjciily KlnR Oeorp.0
V„ Kmnetor of tho Dominions acrosH
tho turns (glvo onr yo slnvosl) to nn-
quire* Info nnd tnkr- ovMonr-r-* ns to tbo
noods of Dw peoplo for Industrial and
technical oihicntion, nnd tho bost ways
nnd nu-nns for providing nirni-*', Somo
of tho qtiftstlona nsked your dolcgntct
Roomed to us to bo some** hat wide of
tho ninrk, such ns: "Whero wero you
horn?" "Aro yon married or slnRlo?"
'"Ho***-** many of » f*tnl1y ham y-mif
nnd to fftrlb, Amnnt> Ihr, ntwntlnrt'
of utiy Import..lieu who the following: j
"noes a forrmnn In Iho mlnos ro-1
iquire piipciB?"     "What aro the sub
jects-necessary for a man to have a
knowledge of to procure such papers?"
"Who*has the issuing of such papers?"
t'Who holds the examinations?" "How
often are the exams, held?" "Do the
miners of Michel desire the establishment of a night school at Michel?"
"Are the men willing to contribute
something towards such in the shape
of a small fee?" "Did we think the
state should, supply the" education free
of charge?" "Did we think it would
be beneficial if they did?" "Had the
miners comfortable houses to live
in?" "Had they sewerage and water
in them?" "Did we believe in organization?"0 ect.
The questions were answered to the
best ability of your delegates, but we
might say, if you had sent two delegates who were not so easily overawed by the majesty of a royal commission that they might hav,o been
answered a little different; but it is
our firm opinion that Is a matter of
little concern to us as slaves. .The
master-class bf the Dominion of Canada see' in the near future an increased demand for better Industrially nnd
technically educated slaves and are
preparing lo meet that demand by
creating a supply through the establishment of technical education in the
schools and the placing of night
schools were necessary. ..If we were
living "under a dictatorship such as
they have in Mexico, or under a Czar-
dom such as Russia, the desire on the
part of the master-class for -better
educated slaves would' have no sooner
been felt than" it would have been put
into execution. In this, our land of
a free..,!) people with a free constitutional government, it is necessary
to make the" desire appear to be the
want of the people and also to be demanded by them, thereby enabling
once again the people to be blinded as
to whom the true rulers are, and also
giving a pleasure trip tp a few ol
the tried and trusted politicans of our
masters. In conclusion we might say
that this' royal commission when tbey
have covered the whole of the Dom
inion of Canada will tour the United
States, and next summer .will toi'**
Great Britain ancl the Continent looic-
ing into the best ways and means of
supplying us with this much-needed
education:' .Their report will be given
into the Federal Parliament at Ottawa
by-1912;and from thence sent with the
commissioners' recommendations to
th'e several, provincial legislatures for
them to act upon as they, deem fit.
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Miss L. Kennedy,- of Hosmer, is
visiting friends here this week.
Spurred on by the success of last
week our doughty Nimrod, Tom Brace,
returned to the happy hunting ground
Although he took "luck" wiih him, ho
returned .empty handed.
Tommy-Furney arrived back In
camp this week. Tommy Is still
wearing his broad smile.
The Corbin Social Club has purchased a beautiful-pinhole from tho Mendelssohn Pinuo Company.
We aro pleased to note that James
McCullock was successful at tho recent mine mnnngers examination In
Alberta, and from accounts received
he passed with a high percentage.
James is now the proud possessor of
two first class certificates.
Mr. Carter, secretary of tbe U.M.W.
of A. was in town on Thursday.   -
Monthly Report of Corbin Public,
schools—The average for the above
school during the last month was 36.27
out of a possible ,44, Corbin boasts of
one of the best disciplined schools in
the pass, which reflects great credit
to the schoolmaster; Mr. James Hall,
15.A.. R. U.I. Prescribed school days,,
22; days school was in s_.eo_i._7 22;.
total daily attendance, 798; total actual attendance, 793; average daily attendance, 36.27; average actual attendance, 35.59; pupils actually attending school during the month, 44; boys,
24;  girls, 20.  ,     .,, .
There is one matter which I wish
to be brought to the attention of those
in. authority, that is,. the poor postal
facilities. We ' do not, know where
the fault iios, and therefore will net
blame any particular person, but would
ask you at that end, who have naturally more knowledge of such subjects,
to endeavour to get the matter so regulated that we shall not feel that
we are completely out of the world,
and that letters or papers mailed in
Fernie on Friday night may reach us
before Tuesday,or Wednesday of the
following week.
Corbin Lodge, No. 64 I.O O.F., was
duly instituted by D. D. Bro Rigles-
worth, assisted by P D. D. Bro. Beck
of Fernie. The institution took place
in the afternoon;* and the lodge was
closed until the special train arrived
from    McGillivray : with   the   degree
Luscious Tree-Ripened Fruit
It is riot sufficient to know that oranges are
the most healthful of all fruits.   It is quite ai
important to know the kind of oranges that are
„ mas,t healthful,and most palatable.    The very
fmc«t California oranges are now packed under the
label "Sunkist."   Please serve "Sunkist" oranges
nt breakfast tomorrow mid learn the superiority of
tree-ripened,  seedless,   fiberloss oranges over the
commonplace kind.  Dcn'l fail to save thc xvmfipen.
t Tliere  is so  much "meat" and  nourishment in-
''Sunkist" oranges and so little wa.o that, "in addition to their.extra fine flavor and goodness, they are
really the most economical oranges to buy.
"Sunkist" Lemons Juiciest
Lemons differ ns much ns oranjres.    Pi'.-y. thick-skinned
K;mons eua;;iiTi ver.- littlo juice,   "  *
buy thom.   l'li'-i-*.. as1* for "Smikhi   lemons ,-_i>u nolo How
uniformly sound c.-ioh ono is, a_id what« siii.iil percent
tiEO Is skin and fiber. ,       ,
:o.   \ ou waste money when you
unkUt" Lemons and nolo how
s, a_id what « sm.-iil pcrcei
Get This Valuable Orange Spoon
Save 12 "Sunkist" oraniro (or lemon) wrappers
nnd send thorn to us, with 12 cents to pay charges.
fjackinn.ctc.and wo will present you with a irenu-
no Kocers Oranco Spoon, of beautiful design and
highest quality.   Begin saving wrappers today.   If
you desire more than one. send 12   Sunkist" wrappers and 12 cents for each additional spoon.   In remit
ting, please send cash when the amount is less than 21)
cents; on amounts above 20 cents, we prefer postal note, money
order, express order or bank draft.      Wo will be glad to send
you complete list of valuable premiums   IVt honor both "Sunkist"
nilfl      !_.».!   n.ll,*wfnnn,-,rc l_.nn,mi..m. f_n\
and "Red Ball" wrappers for premiums
California Fruit Growers' Exchange
105 King Street East Toronto, Ont
*   Delegates
*■**_<<!.■*♦♦♦♦♦ <5> •*. ^ ♦
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♦ COLEMAN. NOTES BY 22       ♦
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Town  Council held  a special
meeting for the purpose of discussing
tho by-law question. H. Clarke was
the only absentee. . After considerable
debate the license by-law was passed,
which it is believed will result beneficially to the ratepayers and the town
in general.
This is to become effectlvo and in
force at tho discretion of tho Council.
Sovoral minor matters were brought
boforo the Council/but tho, hoiu' being lato it was decided to defer further discussion until tho next. roKuliiv
meeting.- * n
Wo congratulate Alex, Morrison on
his appointment ns J.P. for the town,
and our earnest wish is that hin offico may bo a sinecure.
If tho many whisperings Hint aro
curront ovorywhoro havo any real foundation in fact, Santa Claus will ho
playing second flddlo to Cupid around
Christmas time, Wedding onlco and
plum pudding in Bight—Yum!  Yum!
Ono of tho spectators nt tho skating
rink who hails from tho county of
clogR remarked, "It's cowd, nnd I mun
got summat to warm mo up a bit," so
ho paid a visit to ono of tho thirst
quenching emporium.) for. which Colo*
man Is colobratod whoroiipon tho bar-
tondor plncod tho ingredients In lho
glass that aro preliminary to tho making of a toddy, viz., sugar, hot wntor
and lomon, whoroupon ln his anxloty
to quaff tho heat producing draught
our Lancashire hero taHtod It and said,
"I nxod thee for rum, nnd that's gtod
mo gin,' this caused tho bnrtondor to
smilingly roply, "flln up old man; I
put nothing In at nil, tho drinks aro
on you."
Tho Friendly Ordor of Knglos hnvo
decided to hold thoir annual Hoclnl
and bnll on Now Ycnr'H Kvo, nnd u
strong committee Iiiih boon nppolntod
lo hoo that nil iirrnngemeiitH are mad".
Tho HoclnllHt Locals will occupy
lho Minors' Opont IIoiiho on Hon. 110
team of-Mlcliel^TJodge-NbT-5"47^wEo
put, on the work.. Lodge opened at
9 oclock, and N. G7 Murray, of Michel, took chargo and instructed the
candidates _ in the" mysteries of the.
degrees of Oddfellowship. ■' After the
degree work was completed, the District Deputy," Bro Wriglesworih installed the officers for, the following term
13ro,T II Williams; Warden, Bro J
Benson; Conductor, ,Bro„ J. 13.
Thomas; Rec..Secy,, llro F h: Haines;
Fin. Secr Bro.' N I-Iowol's;, Treas.,
C, Dawson; R.S.N.G., Bro G 13 Crooks;
L.S.N.G., Bro T Brown; It.S.V.G, Bro
J Wade; L.S.V.G, Bro R Jones; R.S.S.,
Bro Robt Wallace; ' L.S.S, Bro H.
Stevens; Chaplain, Bro. J3. J. Lewis;
Inside Guardian, Bro, T, Davis; Outside Guardian, Bro, J. W. Redhead,
Later In the ovoning, N.G. Bro, Sproulo
took charge of tho lodgo and callod
on sovoral of the hrothorn for a littlo
talk, after which tho lodgo closod at
-1 am.
After Uio closing of the lodgo tho
mombors spent a very enjoyable time
in songs and recitations and speeches,
A henrty vote of tha.iks wnu oxfondod
to Mrs. II. Allan for lho very able
manner In which the refreshment h
woro served. Bro. Mast, of the Mlchol Lodge No, (5.. deserves great credit for tho way In whicli ho handled
the dogreo' work, ns captain of tho
degreo team.
Sovornl mombors of the Big Game
Association spent sovoral days cruising tho woods for door. Tho prosldont, .1, IIIII, nccompnnlod them, but
roturned with tlio samo Btory, "All I
snw was 'tracks.'"
Goo, Locks and Tom Braco secured
n flno buck ut Cold Springs last woolc.
Tom snld thoy could havo got more
only Goo, would not help to carry
thom to civilization.
llnrry AiIpii mar.o it luminous dip
to Hoamor on Tuesday Inst,
John Vldo was In Fornio on IiiihI-
liens on Wednesday Inst, and roporlH
things busy In  tho city.
New Michel
& Blairmore
Tho Hosmor Flro Brigade's donco
took placo Inst Friday In tho Oporn
Houso, and proved to bo n succosn.
Tho nmiisomont palnco, now bolng
complotcd, Roliert Gourlay is running
a nightly moving picture show,
HoBmer Locals havo received a donation of boor and soft drinks from tho
Elk Valloy Brewery Company for the
smokor lo bo hold on Docnniboi- llltli,
and deslro lo tako ndvnntngn of tlu»
columns of tho Lodgor to express lliolr
npproclatUm mul thimlcH for muni'.
The North Slar Lodgo, No. -11,
Knlglils of Pythias, oil-clod llio I'ollo-v-
Ing  officers   for  the  i-iiMiing   lonn:
C.U., A. McAuley; V.C., C. Hills; Prol.
W. J, Sinioiids; M of W, A I.. Forllor;
k.R.S., W Balderstono; M. of K., II
Rogers; M. ot F„ 13 11 Bennett; M at
A., W Whlto;I. G„ A l'ednnult; O.U.
J  Donnchlc,
Tho Ilosmor Knights of Pythian will
hold thoir annual bnll on Friday, Doc.
Public notice Is hereby given that iv
Court of Kovlsilon fur tho purpo*..; of
correct Ing nnd revising I Iui municipal
voter-i list of Ilie City of I-'.-mie. M, 0..
will bo held In the Council Chamber of
lho (.'Ily Hall, Ferule, on Saturday, llio
10t li day of lX'oeinli.-r. l!U0, at tho
hour of eight o'clock p.m.
for it Boclnl nnd bnll when nn excel
lent. uuter.iiiniiH'iit  will bn provided
and a largo nttondnnco Is anticipated.
A word to our morclinntu;
Ilo wise
tn tho "District. Lodgor."
U biiHlnoHH is bna—
Jimt, put In nn "ad,"
In tho "District Lodgor" |
'i'.IO t'-ji-JllUli lno-kui ih'ti hu'clui ll.uiv-
lllg ovory effort to rotnln llio cup
which thoy hold nl proH-nnl. It mny'
bo iiK'iitlnnod thnt ovory mombor ofi
tho toam Is n locnl man. A mooting I
will be held to nrrnnce senlnr nnd -
■junior tonms, hut moro of this nnon.    ■
Wm. Murr
One Night Only-Friday, Dec. 16, 1910
and   her clever company in STEPHENS  and
'.:   ::   LINTON'S Mcrrv  Miy-un    :•   ••
<* •_
An Evening of Music and Fun
Prices 25c, SOc, 75c, & $1, Plan at Suddaby's ■--.jn-.-!--.-!!—_■""—--T**ir ** f—V< **- '. *■*&«*,'* -krtWCW ;_fc■'■li^--J-K__^^*•A•-_^-i_.l■l.
,.«■__* _C_V kU I__M_i_Pi_ >k _t   _
St. A^I-nU.iWA:/^. KA,,_,K<_.-AM!
,- .^j^^^'E JiTrtJL'i'ISJfiia-E. k'_ <0»»^(K^__^V^£-ri^^^^-^'^^'*M--J>^
i=M_.ww_--**y-*a'm«^^ ?
The Prevention
Mine Accidents
of Various Coat
Classes of Accidents.   Accidents Caused by Explosions
are Subdivided Into Those Due to Powder, Dust and Gas
T By E. H: Coxe
For the purpose of discussion coalmine accidents are divided into: Accidents caused by explosions; accidents caused by falls of rock or coal;
accidents caused by machinery; and
miscellaneous- accidents of various
kinds. Accidents caused by explosions are subdivided into those due to
powder explosions and those duo to
dust and to gas explosions.
Explosions of powder aro caused by
carelessness bn the part of the miner,
either,in making his cartridge or handling his explosive, as in the caso of
a miner handling black powder with
his cap in his hand or in a position
that the air can curry a spark from his
lamp to the powder, Accidents of
,this nature could be prevent od by
proper discipline on the part of tho
officials who, \vlic-ii making thoir
rounds, undoubtedly observe carelessness on tlie part of the men. The
man wlio is careless in handling powder should be discharged pr severely
disciplined ns ho endangers the lives
of his' fellow workmen,
Premature -lasts are frequently occasioned by miners firing what*, is
known as a "skinemback" that is a
short fuse, and an* improperly tamped charge. ' This is sometimes done
on account of the holes being wet,
but should not, be allowed, and, the
men guilty of the practice; should be
discharged, because either the shot
goes off beforo the man can seek safety, or- it results in a windy shot due
to the improper tamping.
; Blown-out, or windy, shots are due
to improperly tamping tlio hole or to
using''too heavy a charge of. explosive.
If a shot blows out the., tamping instead of breaking down coal, there is
projected from the hole a long tongue
oM'lamo, that may reach at times to
a distance of 100 feet, and at tho
samo time cause °a wind concussion
that will blow doors open in distant
"parts of tho mine. If there is any
dry dust in the vicinity of the shot
it will be stirred "up nnd possibly ignited, in which case a serious explosion may occur. Without, the presence of gas or dust this might not be
particularly serious, although windy
shots have been known to'do considerable damage without, any, evidence of
dust being present. If there happens
to be any -quantity of explosives on
the sido of the beading or room,*in the
path of the flame of the,windy shot,
this will be liable to explode and tho
suggestion recently made by the State
Mine Inspector that no explosives be
kept within ..150 feet of a "working
=r=face--is^*i=v-Gi^iA=f'"ood^o!'. e^ar,^ _*-*' -r* **=?",.&,
men should make this rule and see
that it is observed. All shots should
be properly tamped and not overcharged. ■ This is a very, hard rule to enforce,, as it is possible for ono man
■or several .men, to seo all the holes
loaded, if however, when a man ,is
caught neglecting to uso common safety precautions ho be disciplined, it will
go a long way toward making others
careful. Probably tho surest preventive for explosions of dust or gas
from windy shots is in tho uso of "per-
mlssable explosives," Neither concussion nor heat alono will explode
them, so that a percussion cap, giving a combination of the two, must bo
used, hence-their handling Is much
less dangerous. Except when In excessive quantities, tho flnme from tho
oxploslon of safety powders Is not sufficient to Ignite, olther gas or dust.
Two pounds to a charge fs tho safety
limit placed by the mnnufneturors on
thoso explosives. In order to ascertain whether bltumlnlto and carbonlto
would flro coal dust, tlio Tonncssoo
Coal, Iron and Railroad Co, sent sam
ples of dust from,the Pratt field; the
Blue Creek field; the Blocton field,
and from Whitwell, Tenn., to the government testing plant at Pittsburg,
This .portion of the testing' plant
consists of an, iron tube made of
boiler plate about 6 feet in diameter
and 100 feet long, at one end of which
is a heavy nickel-steel cannon embedded ia concrete. At Intervals of.
every 5 or (.'feet there aro small heavy
plate glass windows on the sido of the
gallery and port holes with heavy lids
on the top to relieve the pressure
when explosions occur.
The method of conducting tbe test
is as follows: The dust to be used is
distributed along the bottom of the gallery, and also along the sides of the
gallery on shelves, as it would be
found on the gob or on the walls of
a mine. After making a test to determine how much .of the explosive is
to be used as equivalent in strength
to 227 grams, or 8. ounces of -1 (.-percent, dynamite,-which is the standard
charge, this amount of explosive is
then charged-into the cannon and
tamped with 1 pound of dry" clay and
"set off with electricity. Tho first
test was made with 21)5 grams, or
a little over 10 ounces, of cnrbonlte
No. 2 with ■ 20 pounds of dust from
Johns, in tho Blue Creek field. There
was 2 per cent of gas introduced into
the tunnel where tho shot was* fired.
The flame from the shot was scarcely
perceptible at the first window; the
dust was not ignited and thero was no
The next test, was made with 313
grams, or about "11 ounces of bitumi-
nito No. 1, with conditions the samo
as in the first test, and the result
was tho same.
The third test was made* with 500
grams, or 17 ounces of black blasting
powder, which is equal in strength to
the abovo charge of-bituminite and
carbonito, all other conditions of the
experiment being the same, except
that, in this case to avoid the possible
claim that the explosion was caused by
gas, there was absolutely no gas introduced into the chamber. In this.test
there was a long tongue of flame
which stirred up the dust and ignited
it, the'flame extending for a consider1'
able distanco out of the tunnel; and
threw dirt :rom the ground as**.ii:?i a'
heavy iron Hl-ecL suspended .",U
fc-cH ciiKTont. from the mouth 'of Ilie
tunnel. The f.ame was visible in nil
of tho windows of the chamber nu l issued from 11' port, holos on top. Tlm*"
of the hinged port-hole doors remained'
open, but tlie others were'thrown open
with such that they rebounded
Into position. Dense volumes of
black smoko issued from theso poit
holes and from the end of the tunnel.
Coke was formed in large quantities
from tho dust, some of. which was gathered for our examination.
Thc result of other dust test*-, were
tho same In ouch case, bltuminCe* and
carbonite producing practically no
flame, while in, every case, the black
powder ignited the dust without the assistance of any gas whatever. I was
advised by the engineer ln charge that
dynamite produced about tho same
result as black powder.
This *thon proves conclusively, that
black powdor or dynamite will produce
dust explosions without tho aid of gas.
Explosions are not Impossible whon
the so-called safety oxplosivos are
aed in excessive quantities. Tho permissible oxplosivos so far tostod ar
two grades of Aetna coal powdor; flvo
grados of Du Pont cnrbonlte; two
grndos of Potts Powdor Co, coalite,
throo  grades  of Sinnamnhoning col
liery dynamite; masurite, meteor dynamite and monobel.
you will note that bituminite manufactured by the Jefferson Powder Co.
is not on this list, but,- on inquiry,
wo learned .that bituminite and some
other explosives were not received in
time to be included in the list, but will
be included in a supplementary list to
be shortly issued by tho government
Tho Tennessee company uses permissible explosives exclusively, except
on two divisions where the opposition
of tho men has ben strong and whore
it has been seemingly impossible to
produce as good grade of coal with
black powder. But we arc oxper
mont ing at these places and endeavoring to Instil in the men a spirit of cooperation, by showing them that our
one object in wanting to use thoso explosives is to protect their lives as well
as our property.
Undercutting will lessen the amount
of explosive necessary to break down
the coal as it gives the ammunition a
better opportunity to do its work, and
hence lessons the probability of a
blown-out shot, but the cuttings should
bo removed from in front of the holo
before blasiing, for fear there should
be one.
' By introducing a largo quantity of
air., and a rapidly travelling air-current during dry or cold months of the
year, a considerable quantity of moisture is absorbed' from the walls of
the mine, which renders' the excavation dry, and dusty, if it was not so
already.. In such cases the moisture
must in some way be restored.
It is stated that in a mine, producing
1,000* tons' of coal per day and properly ventilated; 20,000 gallons of water were absorbed daily by the air-
current during the winter months, all
of which is picked up from the bottom
or the ribs of the mine. This seems
almost incredible, but,, while we have
not checked tlie figures we have reason to believe that they are correct.
Now, to'avoid explosions lhe dry impalpable dust must be removed "or
wetted sufficiently to render it harmless. Of course we can remove some
of Uie dust, but it _ is absolutely impossible to remove, it all, ' especially
that which is lodged in a thin coating
on the timbers, the ribs and the gob.
Sprinkling with a hose is not regarded as very efficient for the reason
that -if there is any quantity of dust-
present the water only damps the top
and does not penetrate and* saturate
it. A very much more effective method of keeping down, dust use
brass spray nozzle, such as is used on
garden hose, has furnished fair results,
but there are now several other very
effective sprayers being manufactured
for this purpose. Our company is'trying a-sprayer manufactured for mino
purposes 'by the American Moistening
Co., of Boston, Mass., which we have
decided.after .trials to be the most
effective , and we are therefore introducing it in large numbers In all our
mines, This sprayer produces a mist
which thoroughly saturates tho atmosphere, and moistens the dust with
which It comes in contact. The operation of the sprayer being practically
continuous, the moisture la replenished
as fast as removed by the air.   ,
The first line starts from the reservoir on top of tho mlno extending
down the slopo a distance of 1,500
feet with a valvo and hose connection
evory 100 foot.
Tho noxt lino starts at the pump
located near tho bottom of tho slope
and oxtends down ' tho mlno a distance of about 000 feet, whero thero Is
a spray to dampen the slope which
,   Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; Phono 72
B. C.
Office Henderson Block, Pernio B.C.
Hours 9 toi; 2 to'5; 6 to 8.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
.    , ' -   . ,r '   j
Barristers and Solicitors
A pure, wholesome, reliable Grape
'Gresm of Tarter Bakieg Powder.
Improves the flavor and adds to
tlie tiealtlulness of tlie food.
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street Fernie B. C.
is dusty at that point. . From thero
on to the twenty-third west entry slope
is plenty wet enough, but from there
spray connections are made* with the
pump in the twenty-third west and another pipe line starts from the pump
in the twenty-fifth'west having two
sprayers' and additional liose connections and additional sprayers will be
added as needed There is also a
branch line going into the thirtieth
and twenty-ninth west that aro also
To minimize the dangers from gas
or dust explosions, even when other
preventive measures have ben adopted, the blasts should be fired after
the men have left the mine Shot
firing by electricity has been carried-
on succcssfuly ° at the Sunnyside
Minei Utah, for a number of years
and has "lead to its adoption at the
Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroadr
Co's  No 5  Pratt  Mine  .
The' shot firing wire, °which starts
at the power house with No 6 -insulated wire, running from there to the
check-office0 and continuing to the
air-shaft.  dp_\m_Ah_e___air.ishaft__,to._the__
bottom, from'which No 6 wire extends
to thirtieth east entry From there to
the hea dot* the slope and in the various side entries No 13 wire is usod,
and 'from the entry to the face of
each-room a No. 14 wire is used. This
wiring system is double throughout, is
connected with switches in the power
house'and the check - offico, both of
which are in boxes securely locked.
The switches are kept open at' all
times, there being only one key to the
boxes and this in the hands of the shot
firer. Tbere is also a switch which
is kept locked, where each entry
branches off so that any one entry can
bo cut off from the,rest of the system.
There aro two men in the daytime
and one at night, called "shot inspectors" or "shot flrers." In the day-
timo oach ono takes a certain part of
tho mine. In the morning their time
Is spent in Inspecting tho' wiring and
making tho necessary extensions and
at noon they "commence thoir inspection, going to the working faces and
carrying with them sufflclont exploders
to flro till tho shots and giving to
Save over 35 %
of the purchasing
price on your
range by buying a
11 Dominion Pride"
This Range
Fullu Guaranteed
nnd Freight Paid
"Kfr—■ -
Wo make the Ranges and place thorn
in your Kitchen.    Them's only ouu
transaction and ono reasonable profit
made on the wholo transaction,   You
ii'thnvo to pay a fm-toiy profit—then a jobber's
1 lit—a retailor's prolll*—sloro runt niul cleric
v—mul expensesof truvelllii-qf Hal-vimon.   Our
\y to Kitchen" l'lnn enable-, you to buy tlie
or tlio -iiimn price that tlio wholesaler and
j.ivi. to pay—mid LESS than tha retail dealer
r— mul onbetter terms too.
would cost from $00 lo 578 If n.tld by retail Mori's,   Our squaro deal
way of ili'itlinif direct with you—mul wiviiitf you all tho tiro fit n mado on
ordin.irv riiii-j-js—unnlilou ynu lo hiivo a " Dominion Prldo" Knngo for
.,.,- $11 lo $10.
,W " Dominion Prldo" linn-red nro made of best Who Polished Steed nnd Mnllenhlo
'/Jr lion. Pi-litli.'il hii'i'l does not need bliicklnj,'— simply jro over it with a cloth
mid it will May fresh umi bright. Malleable Iron will NOT warp, crack or
bti-nk, as cast iron will. Mnllcablu Iron Is used by railroads for enr earnings,
mid bv l-'arminK Implement Makers, bee'inso of Its nuperlor strength, Coat Iron
Ranges nro cheap—ovon nt tlwir hunt—nnd expensive for you nt any prlco
b(!i_i_u*i-_ lliey hooii go to pieces, " Dominion Prldu" Ranges will Inst a lifetime
cause thoy nro built right, of the right materinlii, by people who know.
.* __
/' // " Oom'in.nn Pridf*" n*\n'r*"i htxxio -proved thl-i by txrimX tosm, Whether ytxtt lint- wood or
coal " Dominion Prldo "will cut down Uiu cost of fuel by almost one-third. COLD rolled
steel plate ovens, sectional iron lining Fire Uox with nlr chambers—-doubla walled flues,
Interlined whh ft-sbo-M-, _~extr* hoavy grate-*—nil help to make "Dominion
each miner as many exploders as he
has shots to fire which meet with tho
inspector's approval. After tho Inspector has finished his rounds, which
is about quitting time,-he,comes to the
surface, closing the switch at each
entry as,he comes out., He then goes
to the' check office where the timekeeper is stationed;0 this timekeeper's
duty being to'' carefully check every
man iri and out of the rhine. When
he" has ascertained to a certainty that
all lhe men are out, and not until'thon,
ho goes to the power house and requests the engineer to close the switch
at that point, watching him to see that
it is done. He then goes to the check-
office, unlocks his box there and closes
the final switch which fires theshots,
leaving it closed only a few seconds, then opened and left open and
the box locked again. He then goes
ti the power, hon&e to seo that the
switch is opened. '
' When the night inspector goes iiito
the mine lie opens all the switches
leading into the various entries so
that there is no danger of any acci-
d'ent by-- the power aceidenUy__bei__g_
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal*-
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
Fernie        "?   '
Queen's Hotel
Under New Management
ExcelSent   "Table  and
all white help
Additional  Table for
28 More Men
Pride" the
mo .st economical Kan-jo you can buy,
. /> n/iix   .<-   ,.,. pi^WP,fTf!  ii-ii !.,
tn Tpi-i.i.t.-, itrv,f>  im. ni'ini* thnmindi moro Xn niher
parts of Canada. You Ret a Rango tlmt has proved Ils superiority in every way when you buy
ix " Dominion Pride," nnd our Kuarnntoo holda pood for a year. ThU ^narnnloe means «very«
tiling lo you—becauNe you havo nn enormoui factory nnd nn old efilnbllshftd Canadian Compnny
back oftho guarantee. Horn's nnothcr point about " Dominion Pride" Ilnn-fen thnt ll mining
in Kantfc! bought nt retail store*.   You cnn always get new part-* if you need tliem.
Our price—direct from our Factory to your Kitchen li this—a. "Dominion Pride" Range (Ml?
or 0-18, v-UK Itiiilt clon-st ehelf oretevatu-i tnnk or fl-nli ruinmotr, willi xinc iheet to go under
Rnnffe, H |otnti of blue poliihed alee, pipo and 2 elbow*—delivered to any railroad expreie
•t.tti'iii in Ontario. Quebec, New Hruniwick, Nova Scotia or Prince Edward Island—for $41—
""""""""""""""""""" OR dclivrred to any railroad e*pr«»« htatlon In Manitoba, Allti'rt-i, Sa-.ldUchr*wan or Hritch Columbia-"S'il)
$5 to be lent with order, balance to ba paid when Range U delivered at your railroad nation.   II Ml miiiitst tt 9*1 **** ■*■"» **" •"»*)• ■• »«»«l*» »•»' ■••••
OerWeetnted b.OI.W Ull the wtxaie atarr at "O.mlaUn PH_U" J.*■*•»•. ea* •■»,*»" J*^^?«VJI?J51_Jm« "rV?T_Kt*JH.t****"" "** *' "M'M M" **""'
At taaet, write ten thm ttaeulat*.   Vau'it tin* tttem went.ert*ttlf tntareat'nt.   Sand ia*4af.
Canada Malleable © Steel Range Mfg.C-. Limited. 8KS
[ih WHt'dHu t-Lwaiit utHTiolt Tins rare it J
turned _ down the line. Ho then performs the same duties as day men.
The proper tamping of the holes and
connection of the exploders to the
wire in. the room is left to the miner,
instructions heing given to "him hy
the shot firer.-
.. The expense of installing this-system, which covers a large territory
was about $2,500,' Including all labor
and material and the cost of operation is about $9.30 per day.
Accidents.due to tho Falls of Rock
—In many cases accidents from falls
of rock or coal aro due to not (properly timbering the working places or
to not properly supporting the coal
whicli Is bolng undermined, or to
carelessness when pulling down coal,
or to digging out a standing shot.*
Many of theso' can bo prevented by
inspection on tho part of the mino foie-
man. Frequently tho mlno management fails ,to provide nocossary timber, and, when It is provided It Is
loft to the judgment of tho minor as
to how close It shall bo sot, or whether It shall bo sot at all. From this
nogllgonco, especially, In district-)
whero tho roof is bad, mon nro severely Injured nnd sometimes killed, and It
is the duty of tho mine foromun to aeo
tliat mon who are too Ignorant or
foolhardy to protect thomsolvos, aro
made to do so.
Dafoctlvo or Improperly Protoclod
Mnchlnory or Aiipllnncco.—Accldonts
from machinery happen on the mirl'iico
as woll ns In tho mlno, and a great
mnny of them could be provontod by
properly fencing off llio genr wheels
or any rapidly moving part**.
In onsen where lilgh-vollngo electric
curront Is usod, lho wires, whoro pos-
Hiblc- .should be Insulated, and as In
tlio ciiho of trolley wlroH which ••niiiiot
ho liiKiiInlod, (hoy Hhould Iir* shielded
hy n (Much honrd, Ihe bol torn of which
Ih !i or -1 Inches bolow tho wlro nnd
fastened with an Iron brnokot botwoon lho clamp holding lho wlro and
SliloIdH of UiIh doHcrlpllon or uomo
ntlioi'H nro of tho utmost linpnrlnnco
wlinro high vollu.-jo Ih imod on nccniml
of vory long Iniiiiiiiili'.sloii 11 not*, Thorn-
lioiinlH Hhould ho placed not ovor I
Inchon npiii'l. ho I1wiI.ii iiiiui ruining IiIh
head could nol got It buiwoun llieni
nud tlniH cnmo In contact with tlio
wire. A chock from n cnrroni n;i high
iih M) vollH UHiinlly pi'tu'.'f. I'nlnl. A
Htlll bollor pn-.-utitlrin Ih Io tin-. lower
voIIiiku. not ovor 2."(», which Ih not
rut nl, oxcupt Iii I'liro ciiHou. Iii fact
lho hIhk-Ic I'rniii 2it0 vollH Ih usually
not. hoi'Ioiih iinlcis It Ih i-ontliuied fur
a coiiHldoniblo length,of tlmo,     High
I'iiiuuhii,- i-iiuuin iiido uu |*;i. (.icU'tl li*,
lumd nil.' lo hccji men from fiilllin;
A gront ninny nccldontn cnn nlno bo
inovoiiloil by proper limpoctlon on tho
purl of llio mino l'oi'ouuui, nuiHtor mee-
liunlcH, and tliolr reproHoulntlvoB. In
iiiiuiy i-iiHi'H ihero ih iot» grout ll ion-
doncy to allow thing*-, to got out of
ri'pnlr. nnd mnny nccldontn can sod by
breaking ninehin**ry, breaking of holHt-
ing nnd hnulngo ropon or enr coupler**, can bo averted by keeping thom
In propor condition.
Ail tiDw.r Artld--iitK,—Thoro hco loo
ninny Itlndfl of thoso nccldontn to aub-
dlvldo tl: m, b*^i ilmy urn, ;w u rulo,
duo lo lack of proper organization,
luck of propor dlHclpllno. nnd carolo-ns-
iiohk on tho part of Individual cm-
ployou, nnd also to the failure on tho
pnrt of tlu* cmiiloyor to furnish proper
focilltlofl nnd protection for employ****.
For U'-.-.mict*, rnon hio |r«<|u._ntly hurt
on tlu* roadway on account of thore
bolng liiMifficlcnt room for tbo moving
On first class
business and residential   property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
•t jff
__ "V
•c   ____
:*  WM".,,    BARTON  l
Aercnt   Fcrnic   Branch
■ t Pellatt    Ave.    North >'.
•« >■
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal $
for Sale y
0 _
0Bar Unexcelled
, All White Help
Everything .-
Call in and ' ' * t.
see, us once -
" 7;    -1
"   The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Cominorcin]
nnd Tourist Houso
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
P.  O.  Box.308
George Barton    Phono 78
trip to piihh. To Kimrd nuahiHt UiIh
cIiihh of iif-cldontH thore ahonld bo provided olther n Hopnrato mnmvny for tho
men tn ko to nnd from their workliiK
plneon or a sufficient width of huuUviiy
for n. mnn to wnllc without dninwr of
IioIiik nU\wt\ by n pnssliiB trip.   When
nlMmr   nf  lln-ipn     t\vn     T-ivnvl.ln-l       M.n"
Hhould be hoptl froo from obHlriie.
Hoiih of all kind**, TrnvolllnftwnyH
cnn bo Ufjpt in condition liy supervision nnd (llpolpllno. Jf
rondd with width nro nor, prncllrnblo
nnfoty IioIor Hhould be cut In tho rib
r,,,,..,i   iix   „,.    in   ■»..-*.   ..,. 1   1.   . i    .,....! .
• i ■•        •   ■      ' '      ■*   *» •*....'.
washed nnd froo from dirt or rock.
DernllmontB, cmiaod by dofoctlvo
trnckn, bent axles, or nny of tho num-
erouii caution nro imunlly tho romilt
of poor Inspection of thc rolling slock
nnd track,
Lot me htato in conclusion thut not
only In this, but overy coal-prodiic*
In*, uuto Iu the cuuutry, Uio uupoi'I-u-
tondent, mino foremen, and an8l»tnnt8
nro trying to reduce costii. In tbo
effort to mino and handle coal tho mnchlnory la the vital part of tho plant,
and must not bo ne-sloclod. nor must
tho iwfoty ot tho men, thoroforo It
Imcoiuhm ko-oA tu By-iUnn-
atUo departments' so that fixed
chnrKos mny bo kopt at a minimum.
H. H. Depew
P. O. DOX -123.
tixquifllto wlno If you keop n onso
ol our .imic-iiM brand on hnnd.
-riondH who visit you will conitra-
tulnto you upon your Judgment nnd
sound llio pralBoa of your hospitality.
ho that you may hnvo n bottio ready
for tho next unthorlriK of your
fiW*iuN and tiUo (or your pomona)
Ledger Ads Pay t.
.   1)/ •   ■*■-
'   ^ *S     )■
t ' i
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
The Week's News for
r> ','■ ., ' '*,'*■■
Our Foreign Brothers
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found '      _
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, . Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, rjish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.   <
Galpry Cattle Go.
Phone 56
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Les conditions de l'agriculture et
des dosses* agrieoles forment un
point noir pour i'Angle; trre qui traine
encore a ses pieds le boulet de l'lr-
lande. La superiority sociale de la
France en ce qui regardela distribution' de la richesse atteint uno
proportion " enovme. Les graudes
fortune . inoyeniies sont beaucoup
plus nombreuses en France parmi
ceux o.ui ■ posaedent la terre les
titres * de rentes sur l'Btat et sur les
aiitres valeurs mobilleres.
. On ne sauralt pn*_n .u.rer ae devolution economique de la France sans
tenir un compte tout particulier d'un
el*5toient—le premier—qui entre dans
le total des nombres 'indicateurs: la
population. L' accroissement rapide
ou lent do la population constitute un
facteur automatique de la plus grande
importance dans Involution d'ensem-
ble de la richesse nationale. 11 est
le signe d'une nugmeutalion dans le
travail, la production, la consummation, les importations et exporta-
tions, etc. Si In • pc pulation s'ticcroit
plus vite que la richesse, le, quotient
de la fortune moyenne des individus
pourra diminuer en produisant une
impression de malaise social; mais la
richesse totale de la nation augumen-
tera toujour^. .
j:n eomparant 1 accrolsement de la
population .le la Grande-Bretagne et en
France, on a vu- que le nombre indiea-
tcur pour* la premiere passe de 100 a
150 entre 1S40 et 1397. el *:elui de la
seconde de 100 a 113. Bn cbjffre
absolus, a l'epoque des recensements,
la population de la' Grande-Bretagne,
s'est elev-Se entre 140 et et 1900 de
27,188,000 a 42,045,000 celle de la
I. ranee de 32,400,000 a'38962,000.. Sans
aucun doute, si. l'accroissement de la
population francaise eut Sgale" celui
de l'Angleterre, la' Rdpublique aurait
vu augmenter sa richesse plus rapide-
ment et dans une plus forte proportion. ~ .,
,,Aussi bien est:ce ici que s'Sleve
bien haut la voix de ceux qui sonnent
le la decadence latine; il re-
connaissent et signale avec un' rare
accord dans cette baisse de la natalite"
le signe le plus certain de la decadence francaise et meme le presage d'une mort progressive r la France a
perdu ainsi la vplace qu'elle. occupait
ily a soixante ans; elle a passS en
Europe pour le population du second
au'cinquieme rang.    ',	
a    aiscuter
gne di Boston, finche giunse a quella
cui mirava, ove era. stato portato il
bimbo della povera morta. Questa
"baby farm" e nel villaggio di Nasbud,
e la presunta "Mamie McGoldi'ich" vi
si reco insieme' con un giovanotto certo Jimmy Lokie. '
La "baby house' situata in un desolate luogo, .remoto e lontano sopra un
burrone che si sprofonda nel fiume che
scorre giu sotto a piu di cento „plu
piedi in basso. Mette paura-a veder
lo, e gela l'anima ad- entrarvi." *
La pretesa "Mamie".era stata avver-
tita dal pericolo che incontrava osan*.
do di entrare in quel luogo del dclitto;
ma essa, non temette, ne ricors'e alia
protezione della polizia.    *
Presi accordl con "Jimmy" essa cn-
tro'o potette visitareTorriblle stabill-
mento. Vi trovo cinque bimbi dell-
eta di appena un mese; emaciati"' e
vicino a morire
In  un camerino  trovo il cadavere
di un altro con tutte le apparenze che
la morle fosse .causata da inedia
"Miss McGoldrich dice di avere tro-
vato dovunque lo stesso stato di cose.
Proposal to Bring Children From Five
to Twelve Years Old to Canada.
Rates $1.00
R. Henderson, Dining Ronm M
t 1
\ Fernie Dairy
flclivcvcd    to   all,
parts of tho town
Sanders & VerhneBt  Brothers,
>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦
Shoemaker &Repairer
Host nuUei'lnlH only iihciI
aiid ili'ist I'liiNH work
niiiiiHliip miNiiri.'M
A Good Job
JOB FALVO     How Toon Block
Nous n'avons-pas ici
meme . sommairemeht sur les causes
de; cette diminution de naissances;
j'estime la, discussion superflue parce
que pour ma part, je n'hesite pas a
voir dans ce "fait un'cas de' malthusian-
isme bien entendu; ce phSnomene ne
semble conscient, voulu, et non un
effet de modifications biophysiologi-
' Quo signifie cette diminution de la
natalite et quelles en seront les consequences? Les . anthropo-soclolo-
gues se plaisaient a y voir un mal inherent a la race—non a la prdtendue
race latine—pulsqwo la natalite" roste
elovee en Bspagne et en Italie; mals
depuis qu'on a constato qu'elle dlm-
inue oncoro plus rapidement chez les
Anglo-Saxon do la Grande-Bertagnes
des Ktats-TJnis et do l'Australle, 11
fallut, conveuir que si la Franco dc-
gencro parce quo sa natality ddci'oit,
tous les Anglo-Saxon s'achominont a
mio d6g6iierescoiico idontlquo.
La vdrlle, c'est quo la diminution
dos naissances correspond a uno certain© phaso do revolution dos soclotfis,
phaso qui mo parait on progros amies" pi'dcd-lente!., La Franco a pr<5-
ee.16 Ioh niitrcs nations dans la manifestation domographiquo, parco qu'elle lour a ouvort In volo do la civilisation.
Colui qui parlo do la degeiKSrosconco
francalso doralsonno done ot, ne m<5-
rlto  nucimo  crennco;    ou  11  ignore
1'hlHtolro et les conditions actuollcB du
pays ou 11 no. sail, pns nppi'iScIor los
phdnomonos  qui  marqiiont  un   vceul
ou un progros, ou bton onti*aiii6 par
uno passion politique ot dos pn5jiig6s
othnlquos, 11 calonnilo n Ron Insu cello
qui fut ot qui roste uno grnndo nation,
un pharo do civilian Hon ot do llbortfi.
Nripol-Joon Colajaml,'  .
Prof.-do HtntlHtlquo a l'UnlvorHllo do
Do fiijiiorntlon CoiiHclonto,
. The transferring of o'-phan children
from Great Britain to selected homes
in this country is the next line of philanthropic activity that will be adopted by the Salvation Army, according to an announcement of Col. Lamb,
director of the immigration and colonization -work of tlie army „from its
London headquarters.
The colonel was in Ottawa a .few
days.- ago in company with Commissioner Coombs and Colonel Mapp. At
the Capital they waited upon Pari
Grey, who has ever shown sympathy
with the endeavours of the army to
populate Canada, and who expressed
hearty approval of their latest 'proposition. .-.
Colonel Lamb said that negotiations
were now being conducted with the
Dominion* authorities and1 the. steamship companies in regard to the securing of their co-operation in this'class
of, immigration, and that it was expected that special provision would be
made by the steamship officials "for
the transference of children, and' for
their proper caro while on the ocean.
 Qhilflrp-n-nf fivf." try twelve years of
age would be brought across said the
colonel, though the army would concentrate its energies mainly on ■ the
removal of those of seven to nine
years. Homes would be secured for
them in advance.1 and the army officers already had applications from
persons • who desired to adopt boys
and girls. Country homes would be
selected, and a constant supervision
of these proteges would be maintained by the-officers of the army,
The country districts, he . found,
were in need of help. As a rule thc
children of Uio farmers drifted away
from homo to the cities or to the west
at an early ago, and many agriculturists wero desirous ot adopting children who would prove of great help
as they grew older. All tho children
brought over would bo carefully
selected, and only those of tho best
physlquo would be chosen.
Here is one of tho many cases in -which
several. members of one family have
benefited from the household box of Zam-
Buk. Col.-Sgt. L ouis Elliott, 3rd Co., 46th
Battalion, Peterboro, Ont., gays : " The
lower part of my faco. cheek and chin
broke out in small red p'mples, which w
later festered and broko, forming nasty f.
sores and dry scabs. The itching set up
by these eruptions and sores v/as terrible,
and seemed far worse during the night.
All kinds of soaps, washes and ointments
wero tried in the vain attempt to get
relief, even to bathing with carbolic acid
and water. Finally 11 nought of Zam-Buk
and straightway procured a box at the
drug store. One night's application
brought great relief from the inton.-:e
itching, and as I kopt on applying this balm daily, the inflammation
waa soon drawn out, and in lesa than a week's tiniq.'tho sores were
thoroughly healed and every scab'banished."       ,   '
Mrs. Elliott, 139 Sherbrooko St-, Peterboro, telling of Zam-Buk's
effect on her younger sen Walter, says:" Ho slipped and caused a wound
on his right hip, which developed into a running sore. From tl is
smaller sores spread until his lower limbs wero covered with ulcers.
Theso proved vory alarming and I feared blood-poisoning! I began the
Zam-Buk treatment, and it really seemed to aid like magic I In a
remarkably shoit space of time tho raw running sores were all healed.
I am very grateful indeed for hi3 cure, and I strongly recommend all
mothers to keep Zam-Buk always handy."
Zain-Buk will bo found acuro for coldnorcs, chappod hands,
frost bito, ulcors, blocl-poison, var.eoso Bores, piles, scalp
•wos, rn_K\vor_n,  Inflfimod patclios, b:ibios' eruptions and
List of Locals District 18
Corrected by District Seer  etary up to November 19, 1910.
Bankhead  ....
Beaver Creel; ..
Diamond City ..
Fernie   .;	
Hillcrest   ....*...
Maple Leaf  ....
Royal Collieries.
~F. Wheatley,  Bankhead Alta'.
W. Watson, Beaver Creek, via Pincher, '
J.;;Burke, Bellevue, Frank, Alta.   ' •
James'Turnbull, Blairmore, Alberta.
Thomas  Gregory,  Burmis, Alta. ."
J. Neil, Canmore, Alia.
\V. Graham, Coleman, AUa.
G.   M.  Davies,   Carbondale,   Coleman, Alta.
L.  Huckins,  Cardiff,  Alta.
R. Jones," Corbin, B. C7.
George Dobson, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
M.  Bonic, 434  Lome street;-, Norwood,  Edmonton..
D. Rees, Fernie, B., C.
G. Nicol, Frank,,Alta.
J. Ayre,, Ilosmor,  B. C,
J.  u Jones. Hillcrest, Alta.
George Hincliffe. Diamond Cily, Lethbridge.
.AV.'L. Evans, Lille, Frank. Alta.
M.   Giiday,   Maple   Leaf,   Bellevue, Alta.
M. Burrell, Michel, B. C.
Harry Smith, Passburg, AUa.
James McKinley, Royal Colliery, Leihbildge, Alta.
William Russell. Taber, Alia.
E. Brown, Taber,  AUa.
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141., Meets every Friday night at
8 p. m. Miners* union hall. J.
Jackson, President; E. Marsham,
Recording Secretary.
O 4*
Ponevac praca Ide, teras
slabo na Coal Creek uhlodo-
loch muzova sto upovedomeni
aby ste sa strnnlly od Fernio
na tento cas.
60  VBAHO'
1 .v
'tyltrn       OOPVniOHTBAC.
Anyr-no ion ding > •kotcli»nddoiiort-f>tl.*{n w1*-?
twin ti
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow *
& Builders
Open fin- all kinils of IhisIiii'sh
in llicii' 1 i 11*'
So In li'iiHu dollo biiinelio, la in*
fiuno Indus!Hu-del postrlbolo, 0 cohii
orrlbllo, cho dlro dol I ruff Ico dol
blnibl, dl oui hI fu Hlriipo nollo cosi
dollo "lhiby K*in«B"?—Hl doinnnda
"La Cinz/ottii del MuHHiichUHotlH."
A lloi-itoii, unii (..ioviiiotlii, coiireplto
un prolbllo frutto d'ninoro. pi-imo <w*
audi) si fn Humvulii,' dl nl'fldnro lu huh
(Tonturii nd unii ciiHii dl Miiitoriilla
pngnndo la rottn monslln.
Dopo ll Hocondo ni'iflo In kIoviuiu
niiidro Hi reco alio IhiIIiiIo por piiRiiro
lu iiiKu I'l'iiduln, mu le fu rl*-;pontn
clio 11 bimbo orn Hinlo Invlntn In liiin
"bnby farm" 0 non lo uvrobbo pro-l
, :.■-. .''.•:.'.<• ''-I'i f-V'tMl T.n ciAr-nno mn-
Wxiro tu' r-rmi scoHKn da n»ontn unttzla | Hur mipiiiii'd with  tlio  bont Wines,
AddrOBB Box 07
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Goupill, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M, W. A.
Meets 2nd and; 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.     1). Hces, Se.\
Typographical Union No. 555' Meets
last Saturday in each month1 at the
Ledger Office. A. J, Buckley, Secretary,
2. Extending the'time within which
it may construct Its line of railway
from the city of Vancouver northerly
and easterly by. way of the Kootenay
Pass to some point on the Old Man
river in thc Province of Alberta,
thence northeasterly through the Province of Saskatchewan to some point
on the shores of the Hudson's bay-at
least one hundred miles north of Fort
Churchill on tbe Churchill river.
3. Authorizing it. to connect with
foreign' "railroads. ' . '
4. Authorizing it to increase ils
bonding powers; and ,for other purposes.
Solicitor for the Applicant.
Dated at Ottawa    this    8th    day of
November;' A.  D..  1910. lG-ot
Local Fernie No. 17 S. P. of C. Meets
in Miners Union Hall every, Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamated Society,Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet in Miners. Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
~yj o\ n e rs.—Jjcrcal_12 20:     Dr"JrEvauar
President; F. H. Shaw. Secretary..
In the District Court of the District of
In   the   Estate   of   Stephen   Coughlin
NOTICE is  hereby given .pursuant
to tlie order of His Honor Judge Winter, dated the 24th- day of November,
1910, that ..all persons having claims
against    the "estate    of    STEPHEN-
COUGHLIN, late of the City of Spokane in the State of Washington, one
of tho Unitod Statcs.'of'Amorlcn, wbo
■ The Southern Central Railway company will apply to the Parliament of
Canada at Its next session for an t-cf:
1. Authorizing it to construct the
l'o.liiving branch lines—(a) from a
point at or near where the main line
crosses the North Saskatchewan river
in the Province of Alberta northwesterly, crossing tlie Athabaska river,
thence to a point on tho Peace river
at or near Dunvegam, thence to Parsnip river, thonco southerly to thb
Nechnco river,' thence southwesterly
to Dean's .Channel, or to Gardiner's
canal, and (b) from a point on the
Elk river in tho Province of British
Columbia by tlio most feasible routo
easterly to "the Walcrton river, thonco
eastern to n point on Ihe International
boundary nenr Cent Is.
1909, at Fernie, in the Provirice-of
British Columbia, intestate,* are requested to mail by post prepaid or
delivered to tho undersigned Solicitor
for Harry E. Shenfield, to whom administration of the said estate "was
granted by the said court on the 23rd
day' of September, 1910, their namos
and addresses and full particulars of
their claims in writing, and of any
security held by tliem'(such particulars
to be verified by a statutory declaration) on or before the 31st December,
A.D. 1 Dl0_ after which date thc administration will administer the assets'
of the said,deceased, and will not be
liable for any part. 11101-00/ lo any per-
son of whose claim lie shall not then
have received notice,
Dated at. Uowden, this 15th day of
Novombor, 1910.
InnlHfnil, Albertn,
Solicitor for thc
]g..*T Administrator
■ ".'.| i"."1 ■ .'j ~y^yy^.'.:-.', ■'.,"■'■'-.■ - *,...- ■'..--..-.. ,'-,'.-,■'..*.■ ■'"",''"■"■'',■■",".'''".'- ■' '"■"."'"|
tuintitrittlrronfli eiiiMk. lANOBOOv
tlirouifh Mui
(cm ,'»!<','U_
■ I'aunu UHoniliwnifh Munn *Xo.r
ttLctai nolle*, without olinruo, in tho
r.\   .,     I*-*.* .   *n*,t* **,j j..*-*/.
a&rw^Tsa jays
»]] nowMi_«n_, ..       ,,    .
ilniitou, O, U -
ulio poco dopo iiii morivii iiixorutii.
Ln coKii si dlvulgo, o poirlni ku
«|in-*.tl nslll <-nmi>cs<rl dol derollttl nail
inonlllliniinicnto clrt-olnvniio Kin lo plu
fllnlHlro vocl, conl MIhh O'l.ollly, fU.lla
l,l(|iim*H imd t'iKui's
; >u*.b%     VJ.^h.
Bunilny,, tout a now tlmocnrd wont
tnto -prfc-i-t nnd below wo slvo Dw
chtxnuon Mint nffoct thin point:
318—0:20 n. m. Locnl, eastbound.
••■^—1_;00, ltoEutor pnuuenRor wont-
7—11:40, Flyer, wrulbound.
mi—1RM0, HeButor passenger,
311—20:38, I/K'ftl, wontbound,
R—2-1:30, Flyer, eautbound.
IJoylo O'llollly, hI InlercHHo dolln cosa
0 vollo vcdercl 11 fondo,
Trnvoiitltu In uu modo dn non ob*
soro rlconoHclutii, oil nomo
dl '•.Minnie McOtildrlch" ossn com-
Inclo ,1 vlsltiiro l'uim dopo Vnltrn, tutto
lo "linby fnrm'*" slfimrn nollo rnrnpn-
♦ ♦
«■> AVVISO ♦
1 tttii
Tli© Dnsteacfc L©dg@ir
iKftmi^o Bt -vU-,
Quarterly Dividend Notice
Notice iu hereby given that a dividend nt tho rato of SIX
PER CENT, per annum has been declared upon tho paid-up
capital slock of the Home Bank of Canada for the three
months ending the 30tu day of November, 1010, and tho same
will bo payablo at the Head Offico or any branches of tho
Home Bank on and alter Thursday, tlio First day of Doccm-
bcr next.
Thc transfer books will be closod from the IClh to tho 30th
cLy of November, 1010, both days inclusive.
hy dv'hx ol tho Board
Tnronlo. (Mobor- 20lh.
Qcncral Manager,
Mlnatorl ci preghiamo dl In-
formarvl dl ttare via dl Farnie
B, C, quelle che ilete fuori,
d»t«ndo cbe nt\ Uio*jC» (-it-
(ent* iono molta gente dlnoc*
cupata • ••
♦»»*»*»*»»^. •»•»•»■»»*»♦♦•»
Wm. Eschwig, Propriutor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Wtai**maam»mimaaaa****iaam*maaaammm*aumaamimiMmm meat
for .Trit r\*\i.  10 in no?, mnri** Tn<tncy fnr yr*n in *ht\, XU*t Ti\r* nn-l IIMit lo n« thnn Ut
wll ki hi-inf**.   W rltii f'-r l'rlm-i i.!«t. Mttrki-t ll- i»-u. hlili-i'lnn *4«i!», timl ttUiuHmr
4**0 |*.c*<, InlliH .»,il.l-_,  ll.r»ll,lnr<n II,. lUtHlmr »riHm.   |lluitn|ln| nil lur tnn-ill*. Ill
tl.nil Intf'i,' ffrilt,. 0*,...vt, 'ti .r*«. <)»»,« !*.»••  Ili,«fll_i,|»h»™t..lii|i. •M l<i l^*,,tr,» >, _,ift
t..:Ml..,.|-.I.   ,H.*I,.,.-..I...   ,..  ....     I .1'    1         -'I'.t'l'     I'   '--I*.        '     ,M
i,,*ui.ia\it.i.*. ,m> hwniii.u.i•„,!!*<."• >-ii>«ii>> ■!,.»:.i.,ii»i,i, 11 tmi,,r.-in.. *-i.-i .-in
lljJu»i_Jro»toiu»u4ml_,.U.»|,iitM. Aii-I.r«li Iln*.l»«l;«. Ill   UI«t«-«li«lu.Ulj«
..til   T.l.i...,   t'.i.-.U'.i'.l.t   Lit   U,.;   'i.i,
i-ritl Union of Weavi-ra und Tf-ciH-
VViu-korR,  nnd   U'llllflin   llififi-,   I'n •!-
iil.-ttt   of  tl...   MIrit*'   r-tilerat'.o:'.  of
U.iif-iu   llritii'ii  friiionuil di.-Ii*Knli'is  to
, ih-- A. 17 ut I.. Cowt-ni'.i'ii w -*-' I-"»l**
;-A»'ro .-tr-foidfil nn mntluii on W'i-iJiii-h*
'day. N'-»v :'.'iih. .11 tin* Wumr's'H Trudii
• I'nltM   l,«-iiifiii« Hnll In N* iv  York
Ttn-t-f two i-trif Inlior l>;ci'iH. who
mi' ,-ii*(iii;i|i;ii;li-il l>y tln-ir wl*.i-*, t.xbd
_.-,_ js-.. •-i.-s' 1ft for Knuhi-'l
"    llll   >DII   WAX O
A iiim' will cmni' wln-ii your finitii*
i-inl n-.-iiUKi.-H will ho rltiillii-il H> ni'-"t
i.niiii- uii« *■]"< '"il il'-iitiuitl      Will  ynu
llilVi*    ID    Mlffl-r    Hl<*    <*OIIHi-<ltll*tW-i'**,    nr
"- 1 ,:,,..   ,,,   '!', i,   ',1  »t.rn   In
yimr lumi*- liimiint I')'* "i-i*
I n.i,n, it   vuln- *->.■. I Ii v -- Hi iii*'  i'"il"> id
Hllllill'l-II   IKI-A-.   'Al.l-ll   »in*   «ii«y   "f   '.* ■ "■:•*' *    '•*■'■'   v-|!!    ■"•   'f'*'''
(Hill ll.
j. It. LAWHY, Agtnt
viEAo orncE
*■"■■ '•ini. in—Nimni.
V J -*■".;-.-
Continued from Page 1
had received a tax notice this fall
■ trilling the Company for unpaid taxes
for 1908. As a result he looked up
his voucher and found the cheque. He
, did not know who brought the cheque
to the city. He had a receipt from
Mr. Boulton for the payment, and
would produce it. " ,
On Wednesday James Miller produced a voucher from the P. Burns'
Co., which was accepted by the accountant of the Company as,a receipt
from the' City Clerk of 1908.
Robert' Duthie, sworn, stated that
he owned certain real property in the
-city.' He had paid his 1908 taxes
1 by cheque. He had recently showed
the cheque to the City Clerk,.' It amounted to about $54.18. He had received the discount. He had given
the cheque originally to, Geo. Boulton.
Mayor Herchmer, again on the
stand, examined a Relief Fund cheque
and voucher and .stated that in his
opinion the endorsement and voucher
signature wero those of' G. H, Boul-
)fc ton. The cheque had apparently been
deposited to tlie credit of the City of
Fernie. He was- satisfied that endorsement on a number of cheques
that had been put in as exhibits was
the signature of G. II. Boulton. Others
bore his stamped signature.,    In his
■ opinion one cheque had been cashed
or deposited in the Bank of Hamilton,
or Home Bank to the credit of the
city.      ',
E. F. Ambery, accountant, was secretary of the Fernie District Fire Relief Co. . He had had the^Relief Fund
cheque in his possession since March
1- i. ■ "   ■
He had lately beon employed by the
■ city in connection with part of the account of G. H. Boulton. He had prepared a part of a statement of items
of taxes paid thai were not entered
in the cash book. The cash book was
produced. In December, 1909, a debit
item of $50.33 appeared. In Mr. Mc-
Dermids statement this appeared as
§52.33. There was a difference of
$3 iri another item;  $7.00 in another.
* _ Mr. Ambrey' could not say* that the
items' were intended to correspond.
, He had not checked over the road tax
receipts. He had . found no entry
for $030, customs rebate, in the cash
book. Neither had he found an entry for the "Relief" cheque mentioned
above.' For a large, number of cheques on exhibit he could find no thercash book. Some entries
were-made for less than the amount
Some for more.
Mr. Ambery gave evidence to show
that several items of taxes paid for
which receipts hart been presented,
were  not  entered  in, the  cash book.
.- _
lie had  heard' • that the  police  were
running a mess for prisoners afler the
fire and that, the police administered
the'mess themselves, having food, etc.,
charged   to   themselves.      Under   the
circumstances   cheques   received   by
.Boullon   for   tlio   koop   of   provincial
prisoners were turned over to,tiie police   direct   and   no   entry   would   be
mado in tlie cash book.     Witness had
not audited the boks.     So far as he
■ knew Items that nppeared short might
be  credited  lo  other  accounts  than
those  he  had   examined.      Apparent
discrepancies between somo cash entries and receipts Issued might be accounted for. by the cancellation of-a
previous receipt, or by a later blanket
entry for a numbor of uniform receipts
such ns dog taxes, in which thc difference between lho cnsh entry and general receipts might bo.included,     Tn
two other  casos—sanitation    department—n discrepancy could bo accounted for if the collector who turned the
money into, tlio treasury 'received back
n commission-   on    their collections,
Witness had nol chocked rond lax recolptH.
Q. rf lho receipts for July 390S, were
osrtlmnU'd, In tlio hciifo of bol iir guessed in, without cortnln iinionntH being
credit oil, us has been suggestfid, then,
if tlioy had benn credltod, should not
those. 1'ff.r-lptH lmvo been estimated
nt thut much lets?
A. Yen; I would t-onsiilor that tliey
Q.    Tlio amount of cash rocolvod,
"•entered in the cash honk t\n "estlniat-
ed,' of $;.f! nnd $575, should ho reduced
by any credltH that worn omitted?
A. Yos.
Willie.-.*: While I wiih In llio City
Clerk's oli'lr-o ihe cily Trnnsiirnr was
not tho only one who handled the
cash, I think Mi" ...v,*.i-...i wiih unfair
to tin- Cily Clerk. If the hiiiiio system oiitfiliifd during .Mr. Honlton's
llnu' an while I wns ilierc, more thnn
one iiiiui liml iii-ccii-. to the ciihIi drawer
I would not pormll this If I wore in
flinrj-rt nf the offlco,
"The system of puylnij ni-cniintfl out
of (-unii nnd li-miinn n blanket rlii-i-iie
lo cover, I do not .'(insider n proper
nym em.
Mr. I-'lHlier hi't'e r-otiinieiu-eil to produce cvlillilii. of elieqiies, receipt..,
voucliei-H, ei.-., ItetiiH wlileh the defeiiHe
-hiiiiii-il iiiiuiilil )iu\e Iieeti credited m
Mr. Iiiiui.on hut hnd not been
out*ired in iho ciihIi linnk. Mr. Ambery pnnH.-il opinion tin tht.Ho docti-
IIU'llll*. HllitiliK thnl nil except OIW $,ri
Item Hhould be credit nl to Mr. Houl-
ton. Tliey a Mount <-il In all to about
$,"00. The line of i-vlil .irn wns continued yoHtonlny morning.    So mnny
t'.-i   i.i,.    i,*i'.-.i_   .i'i.U   ((ie  lOUSftij   _,_
the alphabet wan ..ono over twice and
• Iiii miiKlNlrnto switched from "lot.
torn' to "numbon*-.' Htrnni?'* to sny,
the last exhibit wnH numbered "I,"
Heferrlntr to Hie st-liuol board Xofloor
arid the bfinl. pimn html;. Mr. Ambery
Btnteil Hint ti il If ference of ..'.'i bvU
woon nn Item in the account nnd In
' tlii> ptiHH book should bo rr-mlltfil to
lloulton. Another hnnk credit of $10
wiih not erniliti'd In the lodger.
from Mr, Womack'8 -mitrles In the led-
j.**-* it would appear tlittt Mr. lloulton
wnn short f33T.3_ From thi,. apparent. hle»i Iiim- Mr, Ambery v.ouM ileittir-t
lhe $,'-.> item and..lho $,|t> Item. Certain i-cmr. had been ■subtiequently al-
In-wet. io Mr. llm.lioti'H ■r-n-dlt. Mr.
A nth-Try'* wtat _ncnt would I.o Unit Mr
lloulton wntt ■•hnrt on that a-vn-un.
$3."i.M, Hnd lioulmn boon Given tro-
rtit for his lattt hnlf month'*** unlnrk
there would have b<j*n a balance in ht»
/nvor of $.*W.1J tor l»i« yv»nr 1910.
Pocket Diaries at Bleasdell's.
After Christmas Day .the next event
of   importance  "Agatha."
'Xmas and New Year Cards—the latest designs—at Bleasdell's.
For high-class ohocolates call at
the Todd Block Candy * Stor§.
Finish up the year by taking advantage of the exceptional offers made
by Miss Euler.
Music,lovers are requested to keep
December 26th in tlioir mind as there
will be a treat in store for them.
Have you chosen' your Christmas
Annuals or Gift Books. If not, see
Suddaby's; a most complete stock to
choose from. 17-tf
It is rumored that "Agatha," who
was lost* .will be found „ December
26th.     Call and aid in the discovery.
An appetite for sweets can be
gratified at the Todd Block .* Candy
A large and well .assorted stock of
the best just received at the Todd
Block Candy Store.
Q. Where can I get first quality
A. .Todd  Block Candy   Store.
,The latest styles in millinery at rock
bottom    prices.     Special    clearance
prices  for a  short time  only.—Miss
Euler, Milliner.
Correspondence lessons in mining,
by Thomas Mordy, first, class B. C.
(Highest percentage obtained) and
England. Each lesson complete $1.50;
$50 for complete .course of 40 lessons. Apply Thomas Mordy, Merritt,
B. C. lC-4t
The Store  of Good Val lies
The re-opening services of the new
Baptist church will take placo next
.Sunday, Dec. Ilth. Rev. Grant'of the
Knox Church* and Rev Dinunick, of
the Methodist church, will assist* at
the morning service, their congregations foregoing thoir own services in
the morning. The pastor, Rev. Thomson,- will preach in the evening.
On • Monday evening following -the
Ladies' Aid will give the customary-
tea, and at which a program suitable
to the occasion will be carried through
An admission of 25 c. will be charged.
Manager Dunlop of the Kootenay
Telephones line informs us-'that the
communication ' with Spokane and
other U. _S,. points is effected, which
means a great boon to -the business
element at both ends of the line. ■
Mayor J. P. Fink, of Cranbrook, was
the first to use. the line - from that
point to ■ Spokane, while the initial
conversation from Fernie was voiced
by S. L. Dunlop.   '
■Extract from IJ M. W. Journal
Two hundred men escape from burning mine' belonging to* Colorado Fuel
and Iron Co., near Canyon City, Col.
Tom L. Lewis opposes demand of
Machinists 'Organization that machinists in mines shonll be under tho jurisdiction of the Western Federation.
Tho question of where the convention next January shall be .held has
been referred to the International Executive Board members of the U. M. W.
of A', because St. Louis which had
boen voted for cannot accomodate
them  .,
Tlio 14' month strike at Clifton Colliery, , Nottingham, lias been settled
A grant, of 7C100 has been voted
to tlio minors of Lnnarkshlro thrown
out of work by the closing of the shaft
al No 2 pit of Dixon's Colliery.
Thoro is a striko on at, tho Black-
band seam of Camp Colliery, Motherwell, pending an ineronso of ton ratos.
Tho negotiations looking .to settlement of dlsputo nt. Chapolhlll Pit,
llurll'ord, Ayrshire, have ended without SUCCOKfi,
The shift men at, tlio' Walklnsliaw
Pit, Paisley, some lime ago made demand for higher wages and as It
iins nol boon conceded a striko is imminent,     ,
At. tlio monthly moot ing of Ayrshire
minors, held In ■ Kilmarnock, it wis
decided that In Uioho coIIIci-Ioh whoro
tho wages had not averaged (1 Hhll-
lingH" n day that a fight, would bo
mndo to havo them mnde up to that,
Slgim of Improvement roport ed from
West. I.othliui Tliieo-flt'llii) of tho
men nro getting In ten to eleven Kliii'ts
n   fori night
Conl machine-, nro to ho Imroiliieed
at Korbnno Pits, Armadillo district and
In the Mill and Dull scums
Tho reduction of 3d, n ton nt llio
Ciiiirilnim Colliery. Hliloldhlll, Stirling-
Klilro, canned such illsnntli.faction that
lho iiiiii!ii.*oi' ngii-pil to nccopt IVjd,
and submit the oilier 1 *.{.... to lio decided by nrliiii'iillmi ThlH tho pxo-
i-iilKe would not i-iilerliilii hut expressed wlllliiKiiCHH tn hnvo tlio wholo
qiicHtlou mil)inllt--<l lo arbitration
The men In lhe 1 .fr-Hlili-i- district nro
only worl'lng nliotil hull' time, nltliaiiKli
It wnn expelled that tlie fnct thnt the
Welsh minors nro nnt would lmvo ro-
milted In moro on|ern lio I iik nenl, lo
Fife, hut ho l'ur lli.-ro Ih no appreciable IlK'I'CllMM I'.IHIlltllllt
Fife Coul own--™ nro tlin first In
Tlie particular housekeeper' appreciates the "superior- quality of our table
supplies, while our low cash prices enable her to effect a considerable 'saving
on her every day purchases.
Royal Household Flour, specially
priced for Saturday selling. If you
are not a regular user of "Royal Household" test it Saturday. We guarantee
it superior to all other flours, while the
special low price for, the day is thc in-
ducement offered to have you try it.
100 lb. Sacks  $3.40
50 lb. Sacks  1.75;...
25 lb. Sacks .......  ..    .90
. Raisins, Currants, Sultanas, Peels,
Dates, Figs, Glace Cherries, Shelled Almonds and. Walnuts; also all the other
incidentals and necessaries needful for
your Christmas Puddings and Cakes.
Sherriff's True Fruit Jelly Powder,
makes a . dainty dessert. Specially
priced for Saturday.
1 *.,
4 Packets ...'.....'. 25c'
Fancy Table and Cooking.Apples; all
the wanted varieties in four and four
and one-half tier stock.
■    Per box, $1.75;   or 4 lbs. for'25c.
. Canada   First Cream, the   best   by
government test aud placed within your
reach at a reasonable priee.
Large 20 oz. Tins, each *. 10c
Why pay move when' you can buy-
here regularly■' White ,,Swan Laundry
Soap. Carton, C bars, ....... 20c.
Lowney'S Chocolates, all the popular
flavors, including-Apricot, Vanilla, Coffee, Orange, Lemon, Strawberry, Raspberry. '
Saturday, Special, per lb. 25c.
Fancy    California    Lemons,    large,
' bright, new stock.   .
Regular, 40c. per doz.
Saurday, Special, per doz. 25c.    .
If you have not yet tried 'Barrington
Hall'' Coffee a pleasant surprise awaits
you. The quality.js surpassed by none
and equalled by few. Will you please
try it on our recommendation?
'   1 lb. Tins  .. 7. ...40c
3 lb. Tins Preserved Apples; Special foi*
Saturday ..._.... 10c. per tin
The "Leckie" Pit Shoe,, as* near
waterproof as leather can be made. '■ :Re-"
inforced raw hide toes, sides and heels.
A shoe warranted to give, more than the
usual amount of wear and satisfaction.
, $5.50 per pair.
'   Special values in the Furniture Department for tho Holiday Season.'
Three-piece dull surface mahogany
Bedroom Set, comprising Dresser. Chiffonier and Washstand; old Colonial design ; best workmanship throughout.
' Regular
Special ,
Hall Stands in a number of pleasing
designs at a fraction of their worth.
No. 653 Surface quartered Oak, 25 in.
wide, 72 in. high, British Bevel Mirror
Regular 7 '.  .. $10.50
'Special       7.25.
-. No. 665, Early English finish;' size
.25 x 72; mirror 20 x 12, best* British
bevel. ' '•''   - ■
Regular ._ -.. $11,00
.   Special .*...       7.75
*■_' . * ,
No. 359, Quartered cut Oak, beautiful design' and finish ;' size 26 x 84, British bevel mirror,'size 19 x.16, ?
. (. Special
The ' Marshall ventilated", '• sanitary
Mattress, the only hygienic and actually sanitary mattress in the world.
Next in importance to ventilation is
comfort in a mattress, and here • is
where the Marshall is superior to all
others. The multitude of little coiled
springs of which it is composed, allows
the mattress to conform to the shape
of the user, thus supporting, at all
points, with out any undue pressure on
aiiy one part of the body, giving a most
luxurious sensation of comfort. The
springs being made of steel, ■ at once return to their'full length once the,weight
is removed from them, thus the mat-,
tress never sags or gets lumpy but'always presents the same delightful soft,
and level surface to the user. It is*recommended by physicians for invalids
as better than a water-bed.
$19.50 to $27.50
-   *     in '
Fit Reform and Faultless Clothing
for the
,. Christmas Season
New season's models and cloths in
all the popular .colorings, grays, browns
olives, blues and blacks
Regular '..'....*. .$10.00 to $2S.00 "-
Special  $8.25 to $22.50
Special values .iri the Dry Goods Department for Saturday selling        . ~
Fancy Cushion Tops in a' variety of
patterns and colorings.       -' ''   »
lar__^l._.:__-.__.___l_..___,_^_, „l_3_c	
40 Pieces of Silk Ribbon, suitable for
hair ribbon, sashes and belts: Full. 6
inches wide, all colors.
. .Saturday, per "yard ."..>.-.. 20c .
Ladies' heavy and medium weight
wool Vests and'Drawers; iii" natural
white and cream.        , ', <-'
Regular". .'  $1.00
Saturday   .','. 75c.
Boys' Heavy Wool Stockings: a splendid stocking for winter, wear! . All
sizes.       ' „,
: Saturday, per pair ...... 25c
Ladies' Golf Jackets, made of all
wool, with or without pockets; iu plain
and fancy weaves. , Cardinal, mid-
gray ,dark gray, and white.
Regular ....  $3.50   ,
. Saturday' ..;.*.. 7 ....   2.75
Ladies' Silk Waists of heavy weight
'taffata; made with "pleats and tucks,
-and trimmed with braids arid buttons.
Colors, navy, green, rose, and black. ,
Regular ...... $3.50 to .$3.75
Saturday  .•*••.- 25c
Ladies' heavy" Flannelette Blouse in
dark and.liglit grounds; spots and,figured."
Regular  7 .:' $1.25 .
Saturday      .95'
Wilto'h; Brussels and Axminster Carpets greatly reduced in pripe, ■ making
them an ideal Xmas Present for the
home.' Exclusive patterns and designs,
in.a great variety of colorings.-sufficient to please the most exacting and
particular.. We invite your inspection,
knowing that you will 'appreciate bojlr
otu* intmense" range- aiuFthe specialTlow"
holiday pcices. 7.   7.     7, '    -.    ..',.'
which was declared illegal. The matter is somewhat complicated, hut tho
ruling of the judge, in, effect is that
the union technically is an illegal
society, inasmuch as the rules contemplated doing what is'contrary. to
public policy, namely restraining members freedom in regard to employment.
The appeal for thc Injunction resulted.
Extract from the "Manual for Police Officers." complied and published
by, Councillor Mollerles of the St.
Petersburg Interior Department:
"They may lawfully participate in
the preparation of crimes," and "that
their legal responsibility to crime ap
pears to be exceedingly doubtful.".. ..
In view of tlio ahovo lt, behoves
ovory lovor of liberty to show In positive language his nhhorrenco at the
thought of Cnnndn bolng a party to
the surrender of a political refugeo
to tho i'londs Inearnato of,tho Russian
Send your lottor of protest to-day to
to A. 13, Aylcsworth, Minister of Justlco
Ottnwn, Ont., nnd ovory man In iho
Kootonay Constituency should IU.owIbo
wrlto A. S Goodovo, M.P., Ottnwn.
wtntlnnft A tcti-m nf trnttuvl rnlnerw
from Vorktihlro navn n domotmtrn-
tion nt Cowilonlmnlli,
It has heen diililed to oi-*ct ii monument In memory of lho Inlo John Weir,
Rceiotnry of the I .fo Mlnorn' Asho*
l-T.TSI-.UKa, l>a„ Doc. 2—Hhliimeni
of coal lo tho greiit lake 1ms about
suspi-ndr-d from thin dlatrlct, ns thc
boat ownors stnto thoy are compelled
oo tnko loo many risks lo dlschargo
conl at tho upper lake ports.' Tho lu-
HiirniK'o on moht of lho lic-nls lias* been
Mnny bouts Hint nro to winter In
the northern ports nro bolii**; loaded
with coal nud diirliiK tlio comlnir wook
will proceed lo thn hcml of lho lukoH,
whoro tlioy will lay up. Mnny hoalH
will ko Into winter fpinrtci'H with coal
In their holds   TIiIh will mnko it pos*
.-fOtl}  1)1111,)  Il|  H.lniUO.Rtl,""  .1(01(1 JO RpOOII
nihil! for tho cnmpiinioH to supply tlio
ure unable to hnvo conl reach tho
northwest by rail.
Mines In this section nro Mi. ■/In.*.
down iih lho rosiill of Iho HohIiik of
lho lnko season, and mnny miners lmvo
beon compelled to hunt for work elan*
Conl prices Aro lining mnliitniiiod
11,7,'i lllii,; d'UU.i,}l), ntul i_ lo .i,:___j
thoy will bo boosted soon ns lho rosult ot curtailment.
4 rooms; rent $10. Apply, P. 0., Box
1019, Fernie.
WANTED—A" competent Book-keeper, lady or gentleman, for tho Fernie
Co-operutive Society, Limited. Applications to be made in writing, nddress
to Secretary, P.O. Box 56-1, Fernie, not
later than December Oth.
Boy, 14 years of ago, honest and
industrious seoks omploymont. David
Thornton, Old Recreation ground, f-ad
FOR SALE—A Edison Gom Phonograph and 70 records all ns good as
now; $-10 or tho nearest offor, Apply by lottor to Willinm Forshaw, P.O.
Fernio. - 17—-3t
FOR SALE or to Rent, a two-roomed plnstorod House. Will nccopt'roa-
somiblo offer, R. Wright, ' Wost
Fernie, 17-Ct
PIANO, now at railway station near
here, will he sacrificed i'or $250 cash;
novor boen usod; lady unable to koop
it, Apply In first instance, Mrs. A.
G. Mungonn, 20-10 Columbia -Street.
Vnncouvor, B.C. lU-lt
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Sorvod
every clny fioiuO, lo 11 |',in,
Pork and Beans Saturday
Hioiii I'lioni- 1'_:t        „ J loi wo I'lmnu ptn
Mu'-.'ii-ii. 1',-ntii". .-ani Djuji-i-'ijiIi-'mI
for.   The l>->ht, iuul very Intent
iiiukIc in tlm (liHti'lct
Fur |*.ull.*il,.r ,i|i|*I>* lu
Tho», Mu.tiurio._llo, Box 233' fornio
or Sic Zneearro
TO LKT~-Four-roomed houso Victoria avonuo; rent, Including wntor,
$I0.r.0.   Apply J. J. HiiKlios, Ilox 120.
LONDON, Don. l,—Justice Warring*
ton ttaxo n riillnii. In lho Chnncery
Court, today which hnn an Important
liearini? on thn recent Oftborno Jiu!k-
n-r-ni. which declared It for
trail*.** unions to employ funds for pny-
Iok mcmli'-rs of parllnmrnf. Osborne,
.1 railway mnn, who brotiRht the ori-
Kin-it w-_.t tnne, wan i-xt-olled from
tko n-atlfr-t-fn.-nk't r*n!-w_. lit* ,.<-
tion, which n-nulied fn tho f.*.m->ii
Jtidprnrnt whfrh hoars lils name, ao
piled for an Injunction r«strnlnlnr tht*
union from cnforclm?  th»»   expulsion.
TO LKT—Slx ltoornf*. llasem'.nt; water and Sanlfnflon, $17,150. Apply, W
.Minton, Llimay Avenue, Ferula Annox.
TO It ENT.—Two Kurnlalioil Rooro»:
Hath*. KWtrlc llRlit and 'Phono. Apply, Tlnx 81 fl. ift-ll
TO nRNT or Ff!!, Ho**Hr<** nnd t *tJ-
.oirilnff Mn lo flit** Annor extension,
opposite Macaroni Factory. Apply on
premliwii or to T. KynaMon, F<»mlo
Steam Laundry,
Hi J'   Coi.1h-i«hI   til   JjlifiO   -HT
itirk, r.o.i).
llt-r-M* nnd (.*uttt-r for hire
ApiAy, Wm. .iu-kkv, 1'horic l«
f'Vlnle, B.C.
Let US
All Get a
Just onco more at least
and go thc Hounds just
us long as we can stnnd ;
and as usual WE aro horo
rcaily to supply all tho
noeossnry for going on
with the following linos:
Extension Runners
for tho Kfddios. Acme
nnd 1 Lockoy for Hoys and
GirlH, Uogal, MioMaes,
Crescent, Indies' licavor
and Duchess, plain and
nickel plated for tho
Grown ups, prices from
60c to
We also have
Hockoy Sticks, Pucks
and straps, _,tc.
See Our Window
Hardware Furniture
Fornio,  B. O.
Mrs. E. Todd.
Coats   and  Skirts
Crum's Prints and Dainty Goods for evening wear.
One dozen1 Ladies' Coats, colors Black, Brown, and Navy;
note lho quality and fashionable shades ....... ;.. .$5.00
Ono Dozen Ladies' Coats, Black, Brown and Navy;* regular
$15 to- -$18, Saturday special ■, $10,00
Cloth, Voile and Panama—Extra good quality at greatly reduced prices.
9 yards Crum's Prints, guaranteed not to fade; dark and
light shades  - $1.00
0 Bnby Whito Boar Coats;*regular $1.75 and $2.00, Saturday
special " ,,,, .$1,25
G Baby "Bear" Coats; regular $2.00 and $3.00, Snturdny specinl ." $1.50 and $1.75
12 Ladies' Hats, stylish, special $5,00
12 Ladies Hats, ready to wear  $3,75
12 Missrs' TTats, ready to wear  $3,75
12 owls Veiling, V.ii yd. lengths, in fashionable hues 35c
See Window Display
* i
No Cobwebs
Behind  our  Goods
.mv.lii^f. v>V» u_*o I..U-.V.'/ v>cC.i*i..ft*o \mm ^.Vitiii*) Vi» tijiMli
Men's Furnishings
Are going out at a rato that koop thom—also from
getting rusty, We have specials in PA'txry department for Saturday but «pace will not allow us to
euuiiierat-u. Just try uh mul yuu will add another
to our list of permanent customers.
A. A. McBean
Opposite Post Office Fornie


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