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The District Ledger 1910-11-19

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- |7i'ro; iiiciar^iDrary^-j^uno TJs"
Industrial Unity* is Strength
The Official _0rg»n of District No. 18, U. M, W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOL. VI.   No. 16
$1.00 A TEAR
At Blairmore--Local to
.: Be Revived—Bright
-•';■: Future in Sightr
The district executive board held a
special    meeting    at   Blairmore on
Thursday, the 17th Inst.   There.'were
Vice President C.  Stubbs,." Secretary
, Treasurer-A. J. Carter, Board Members J. E. Smi'th, Coal Creek, J. 0.
Jones, Hillcrest and J.-Larson, Lethbridge. ;, .      .-    : '"■ ;
. The board .decided   to   .reorganize
Blairmore.   Actlonlwill be immedlate-
. ly takp'n,  to   re-establish   the local
■■union, amT *with the  co-operation of
, *the majority, of the men, the district
' board feels assured tha*. there will
again    be - a    strong, representative
local in. Blairmore.   It is to the men's
, interest ln that camp, as well as to
.  the welfare of the district in general,
that'they should give all .possible aid
to  the district officers,  to  tho  end
that they 'may' be' enabled to successfully carry out their work.
Coleman vs. Cranbrook.
. The eminent romantic   and   tragic
"liGtor.    The great   dramatic    society
event. of the entire season.    Watch
for,this magnificent attraction.     - •
Absolute guarantee—I take pleasure
■in    announcing ■ that    Mr.    Sanford
Dodge and. his -splendid company will
soon- appear at .my-, theater.7 ..They
come here/highly- recom"mend"ed~by the
press and. public, and by all, theatrical , managers •* in the cities .where"
they', have .previously-appeared.
The * plays .which Mr * .Dodge presents are, of ..the .highest .quality, and
such -attractions; should bo encouraged
in order that we may,have, more of
the same kind. In order-that all»edu-
cated, cultured and intelligent people
may, attend wltirassurance that they
will, not be disappointed,   I   hereby
- guaranteejhat this. attraction ""will he
as represented In every particular or
money -will be refunded.
.(Signed)    '    . L. B. KENNEDY,
« ■ Manager at Fernio.
, Mr, Dodgo will* appear ln the "Three
Muskoteors" anil "Faust."
. Nov. 23—"The Threo Musketeers."
- Nov. 24—"Faust."
A very enjoyable danco undor the
auspices of the members of tlio.
Church of England, was given In
Bruce's hall on Thursday night when
n very lnrgo crowd wns In nttondnnco.
Excellent, music was provldod by tho
Fernio orchestra under tho' direction
of Slg. Hnccnro, which was grontly
appreciated by nil prosont.
HERE'S TO YOU—P.  D. &   D.  N.
Tho collecting qualifications acquired by P, D. McTavlsh whilo In
tlio, omploy of tho I. C. S. havo ovl-
don't Iy unilorgone no dlmunltlon judging by tho rospoclnblo nmount of
$150,757.00 gathered In by* tho toam
of which ho wns cnptnin In tlio rocont
Y. M. C, A. cnmpnlgn In Vancouvor,
Another record breaker's term obtained. Donnltl, tho othor woll-known
mombor of tho firm of McTavlsh
DrotliorB, Is ltkowlflo colobratlng a
glorious ovont niul now rojolcoH In
tlio hnppy titlo of "Dnd."
A youth by tlio namo of Horman
Jonson was nrrostod by tho chlof of
tlto olty polico nbout 11 o'clock on
Saturday ovonlnif Inst, and wan
brought up on Mondny boforo Magistrate Whimster, clmrgod with stealing
a wntoh from tho porson of John
Amoop, In tlio Nruoo's hall. Tlio nc-
ciiBort Ib only 17 yonrs of ago, nnd
comoH of a good family of ranch-
ownorH In tlio dlHtrlr.t of Tabor, Ah
tlio prlsonor Is ntulor ngo, It wnH considered ndvlsablo to roquent tho prcR-
onco of his fnthor.nntl ho wns thoroforo roroaiidod until Thurfldny pond-
Ir***** tl.    pvrtvnl nf Mo -nnv^-nt
On Saturday last football colors of
various hues were particularly notice--'
able, 'worn by the contingent of enthusiasts from the '.different points
along the Crow's Neat'Pass', including
Coleman, 'Bellevue and Michel. Quite
a sprinkling of the gentler sex was
also in evidence, for the purpose of
congratulating their friends on their,
victory, or commiserating with them
in the event of .defeat. The Cranbrook crowd arrived by special train.
. The blue and white (Coleman) were
first on the field, but there was very
little preliminary punting of the
sphere ,as the condition of the field
was such that it had a strong resemblance, to a sea of Le Page's glue.
A. few minutes after'the arrlvel. of
the yellow arid black (Cranbrook),
both teams journeyed "to the center of
the field and Immediately got busy,
Cranbrook taking the west endlgoal,
whilst _ the blue and white had the
eastern-end. From the klckoff a pace
was set,. which,. considering the
wretched condition of the field, was
remarkably fast, being more after the
style of ten minute contests than a
regular match. Most of the play was
In the Cranbrook * portion of the
ground. Several ineffectual assaults
were made, and finally, at 20 minutes
past 3:00, a ball was, shot which
struck the crossbar, and, bouncing
back into play, Easton gave It a
gentle kick, and the Coleman. supporters went' crazy" with' joy at this
first score to' the .credit of their
colors. •*"';■
• This was the only score,* although
it looked very serious for Cranbrook
at another portion of the game.    The
ball was within a few feet of.the goal,
but In consequence-,.of Fraser's feet
being so heavily • laden with Fernie
real estate, he was unable to lift them
rapidly enough   .to 7 touch  the  ball
through.   At one stage of the game
there was a shout that * a "score had'
been made by the Cranbrook'players,
and the looks of astonishment on the
faces *' of    the •' Coleman' supporters
would, have  furnished  excellent ma.
terialfor,a painter;'but it proved to
be an-optical illusion, the ball having
-just-^grazeu^orlewor'"the,"p"o"st"sTT~,      "
Many laughable jpcidents occurred
as*a_result of the slippery' nature.'of
the "field,-" From, bad it became  infinitely worse,* and as the play, continued it gradually developed the appearance., of„ a -cattle-tramped corral.
Equidistant from.each goal were two
pools, where a number of the players
on both sides took Impromptu baths.
.Speaking generally, the game .was
well played, throughout, despite ahe
adverse circumstances; but .Coleman's
superior    passing   and    combination
proved too much for their, opponents;
who,  while • "doing    some    excollent
'work, wero lacking In that combination, of  tactics  without' which  Individual effort.is of no avail.   Several
of tho players were , laid    out, hut
fortunately only for brief spacos of
tlmo. At .one period of tho gnmo some
somo enllvenment seomod to be' promised by a little fistic- encounter. Harrison's (Crnnbrook) nother ond came
In  collision .with McQueon,    a   fact
which the Inttor quickly resented by
mnklng n fnn at tho nlr.    The excellent combination playod by Banks
and  KollORk, of tho  Colomnn  tonm,
could  not  havo  boen  hotter  accomplished by old-country leaguers.   All
who wltnossod tho gnmo woro hearty
ln tho congratulations to both tonms
on tho* onthuslnsm thoy had shown,
In splto of tho fearful stnto of tho
Thoro was ono.fontiiro.of the gnmo
which would cortnlnly hnvo boon
bottor If it hnd boon conspicuous by
Its nbHonco." Somo of tho tricks re-
sorted to by Hunter woro cortnlnly
not vory sporlsmniillko, Uo playod n
brilliant gnmo throughout, but his
piny wns mnrrod by luetics which nil
lovors of truo sport must strongly
condemn, nnd It Is to bo hopod that
players will frown .down upon any of
tliolr mombors—no matter how good
thoy mny be—who mnko uso of such
Tlio llno-up wnn nn follows:
8. McDonald, ,T, Emerson, McQueon,
Hunt or,, Itoughond,   Banks,   Easton,
Frnsor, Kollocl., JonlclnH, Pynmn.
T. Clnrko, J. Clnrko, nnrlholomow,
Torrance,    McEwr.n,    Simmons,    0.
Clnrko,   Millor,   Harrison,   Andorson,
Tlio rndoubtnblo FriiHor official od
ns roforoo, anil his iIocIbIoiir mnt with
gonornl npprovnl.
Tlto Mutz cup Ih now In tho hnniln
of tha Coloman club,
District Officials Make a Thorough
Investigation-Fire Boss Didn't
Do His Duty*-One Dead
The following is a report on the
death of' Martin Rezac, killed ln
Blairmore mine Nov. Ilth.
The deceased was a member of
Frank local No. 1263, U. M. W. A.;
which organization was represented
at the Inquest by President Powell
and District   Board    Member Jones:
"  Dr.  McKay,    first ■ witness  called
said:    *'.--■,
Friday, November Ilth, at 4:30 p.m.
■ Iwas called to the Blairmore mine.
After being here five minutes .two
men were brought out. of the mine
and taken to the lamphouse, on, examination I found one, Martin Rezac,
dead. • There were a "few scratches
on the body, the face was blue "and
the veins of the neck distended and
some- blood . stained- mucus coming
from the mouth. In my opinion death
was due to suffocation.
Next witness, Martin Lampa, deceased's partner said:
"On**Nov. Ilth Iwas working.in a
crosscut with • Martin .Rezac.    About
4:30 p.  m. - the" -fireboss fired.three
shots for us.  --We went into another I
place till the shots' went off.    After-
Comln-g lo Visit Son—Cuts Thumb nnd
Dies En Route of Lockjnw.
TTfiv'v-'TnTnn    V?V.   "HV    J'.""■**     Xiofnrr,
lonvlng his Nova flcotlnn homo in
Ifcompany with his wlfo, to pay his non
nt Michel.' n. C, a vltilt, Pat Shields
cut his thumb. En routo flhlolds do-
volopod totaling and stopped off nt
.Winnipeg for trontmont, but In vain,
nm! ho died In tho gonornl lwspltnl
Into tonight, a Demit half-hour boforo
Mb sonr*. who hnd bnnn Bent for nr-
rived, Tho remains nro bolng shipped
wost for Intormdnt,
Tim .__i_...«.ii_ur» Hurvluo of tho
Methodist church will tnko plnco on
Sundny. Novombor 27h. Further pnr-
tlcularh rognnllng HiIb will ho given
In our lntor Issuo of Novombor 2l>th,
On the 2RM. tho T.firMon' .,1,1 „■!!.
edobnit0 by holding 11 Biippcr, (0 ho
foIloWod by a concort.
VANCOUVER, n. C., Nov. lfl.—TIio
largest bulldlnfl* permit over tnstiod In
this city wa* Riven to-lay tor a I«»xe
Mr-ek nl Pondor snd Homer nlTootn,
Tho building will bo IS stories In
height nnd will ronfnln ovor 3O0 of*
,flees. It Is being erected by a lofal
syndicate and will cost f-SOO.oOO.
On Tuesday evening last nt tho
Methodist parsonage tho Rov. Dim-
mlek performed tho ceromony which
mnde John Raunlor of Wnldo nnd
Klizaboth _ lllmoro of Now York partners for lifo.
The hnppy mnn Is foreman of tho
pinning rlopnrttriont of tho Ttalor-Mc-
Nnb saw mill 'at Wnldo, whero ho Is
universally liked and nUo hss a host
of friends In Revelstoke whoro ho
was formerly engaged In n similar
cnpnclty with the Rovolstokn Lumbor
company. Long life and a prosperous
one Jack,
about five minutes we ..went back to
the place,. .Martin Rezac went back
first and I1 followed him. I did not
see the;,fireboss after he had* fired
the shot's'.'-;. Immediately,*we.,went, back
I had a pain in-the head and something "seemed-to-take my-breatli away,
I knew nothing more.till next morning in'the Frank hospital."'
•'•Questioned by jurymen.    "
Q.   "Did you  ever feel  any headache before in the Blairmore mino?"
A."   "No."
Q.   Is it usual to go back as quick
as that?"
■ A.   "Yes."
,   Q.   "Was the air bad that day?"
A.   "Thero Is always smoke there.'
Questioned by Inspector Heathcoto.
Q.   "How'   many   holos   did   you
■ A.   "Three   lh   tho   morning nnd
threo in the nfternoon."
Q.   "Were tho holes In line?"
A.   "No, thoy woro not In line,"
Q,   "How deep woro tho holos?"
A.   "About six foot,"
Q. "How fnr woro tho holos
A.   "About 2Vs foot."
Q.   "Wns onch hole six foot?"
A.   "Yes."
Q. "How much snxonito wns ln
A.   "Throo or four plccos."
Q, "Was the conl mined or sheared?"
A,   "No."
• Q.   "Is It customnry to put holes ln
tho conl, nnd hnvo thom flxod without
mining or cutting-dono?"
A.   "Yos, It Is customnry to do so."
At this point Mr. J. 0. Jonos ro-
quostod thnt tlio wltnoHs should ho recalled nftor tho company officials had
boon on tho Htnnd,
Tho noxt wltnosfl cnllod wan W. 0,
Pearson, flroboHB, morning shift.
I wiib In Mnrtln Rozao's plnco nt
1:30 on tho 11th of Novombor, and
oh nonr iih I cnn romombor doconsod
hnd ono holo londod nnd I wnlted till
tho othor two wnro rondy, ono hronk-
Ing holo In tho contor, nnd ono flank
holo ono olthor rib. Ah nonr ns I
cnn romombor tho breaking holo hnd
two sticks ot powder, nnd tho flnnk
holos two sticks each. Tho breaking
holo wan flrod flrHt, tho hole on tho
high rib noxt, and ln,Ht tlio holo on
tho low rib. Wn tlmn retired from
tho plnco. Tho doconHod nnd Mnrtln
Lnmpn wont down tlio crosscut lo No,
1 angle. I proceeded down No. 2
nnglo to my work, I cnmo 011 shift
about 2 p. 111. nnd hoard about tho
neeldnnt. nfter I got, lioiitn.
Question*** by Jurymen.
O.     "W-im {\\r, ritinn  t»*."ny nr nyiynXri'
boforo lho rieoldoiH?"
A, "No, It wnH clear, all plnnon
are clear boforo firing."
Q, "Did you cvor know of the
smoko of sovon stlclw of powder killing a man?"
A.   ".V.J."
Questions by Inspector.   ,.
Q. "Did you flro all threo holes nt
A.   "Yos."
Q. "Did you oxnmlno thu holes boforo firing?"
A. "Na T do not, know whnf depth
thoy woro,"
0, "Woro the holes ln your opinion
well plnnted?"
A,   "Yes."
Q. "After those shots were fired,
did you exnmlno thnt place?"
A.   "No."
Q. "Had Lnmps nnd hia partner
quit, work   nfter    Miiw    hr-lea wnro
A.   "T do not know,"
Q. "Ia It customnry for tho men
to quit after tbelr holes aro fired V
A. "Yes, after., their last round is
fired."   . _ "   7, ;,
Q.   "You^say they, went down No. 1
angle.   How far would they be away
from the place?"
. A. . "About" 25-feet.". ,'"
Q. "Is that the reason because
there7waa only one shift on the place
you did not go back and examine it?"
A. "I did not expect the men to
go back to work."
Questions by J. O. Jones.
Q.   "How  many  years'  experience
have you as a fire-boss?"
A.   '.'Two'■ months'."
Q.   "How maby as a miner?"
A.   "Nineteen years."   "  **"•
Q.   "Have -you * a; certificate  as  a
fire-boss?"   ,    ,,      ,
' A.   "I have _one as a pit-boss."
Q.   "Which hole was loaded when
you went in?"
A.   "Tho flank hole on the; low rib."
Q.   "Did -you   see,. them   load the
other two, and what were you doing?"
*A. "I was waiting, till" they loaded."
Q.   "Did you .'examine the powder
that went in the holes?"   " \ .      -7 ,
 s. A _iXT0 "   .  *.
Q. "How many pounds of powder
were in.these holes?" -
A.   "I don't know exactly."   .
-- Q. ■ "How,   many,, sticks    of    the
powder is there to,a pound?.".
■  A.   "About five."'"**
Q. "What is=-the'hours-worked in
this mine?" '*
A. "Eight hours. The men are expected to be in the mlno oight
.Q.   "Did you expect these men to
go home at 1:"30?"
A.   "No."
Q.   "How  long    do    you  think it
would take the smolte to clear out?"
A.   "About   throe-quarters   of   an
Q. "Do you consider that-good ventilation?"
A. "Yes, the angle wns. woll von-
Q,   "What Is tho renson tho men
go homo after firing?"
.   A.   "Some ,of tho men think, thoy
have dono sufflclont work."
Q.   "How long would  It tnko tho
men to como out from thnt plnco?"
A,   "Twonty-flvo mlniites."
Q.   "Was tho  conl  that was uhciI
for  tamping wot or  dry?    Did  you
ever rond tlio Mlnos' Act?"
Q,   "What does It sny?"
A.   "It snys clny."
Q,   "Did   you   exnmlno
A.   "No."
Tho next witness was A. McCrno,
I wont to work at 3 p. m, In Blair-
moro mlno-on November IHh, I got
to my room nnd found n mnn dond
nnd nnother just living. I snw thoro
wns no chntico of getting thom out.
nlono, ko I wont down to tho ontry
for help, I got throo men thoro to
go up nnd I wont nfter tho flro-bons,
S, Turnor. T mot lilm coming ln, I
wont bnck with him nnd got up ns
quickly ns posBlblo nnd got tho two
mon ouinldn.
Questions  by Jurymen,
Q.   "Wero   you   working   In
snmo places?"
A,   "No,"
Q.   "How was tho    nlr    lu
A. ./'Poor."
Q. "Do you go home when you
fire?"*       , "
A. "It. all depends on the air. The
air has been bad since ever I went
there." 7
Questions by J. 0. Jones.
Q. "Did.you take a box of powder
ih that day?"
A.   "No, a can.    One 'can."
Q. "Did you fir© any shots the day
before, yourself?"
A.. "No." „
Q.   "Did you pack any clay up?"
A.   "No."
The next witness was Samuel Turner, fireboss. "    "_
"I was fireboss on the afternoon
shift. I was going in the mine about
3:15 p. m.' I met Al McCrae coming
out of the level. He told me there
was someone he thought was .hurt.
I asked him where the place was, so
I went up and found them. They
were lying face down. I got- hold of
one and pulled him down to a place
of safety. I left him there with two
men,' then went up to' get the other
man. I ■ found that one man was
dead, and ^he other just alive. We
After that we took
tho   car-
Ottnwn,  Nov. 7th,  11)10,
In tho mat I or of tlio Indiistrlnl
Dlsputr-H Iiivi-Htlgnllon Aet, 1007,
nnd In llm ninilur of illfferoueeH
bol wonn tlio Crow's Nest Push Conl
Company, Limited, niul einplnyooH,
•.■.-', 1     r      , - r 1      11
,, tlit   t,ll ll,i .    -Llll',!-*,   in   tt.i.   „Li
pllentlon reri'lved from yntt In tlii-**
nintter on the lltith October, T hnve
tho honour to Htnto Hint a llcnid
of Coiicllliitloii and I11vot._lg.uioi!
hns Ihh'II I'HtHl'llKliciil uh requoHloil,
Mr. Clement. Stulibs, Dellovuo, Alln.,
■ilut ,111. ,1, *•*•*■• >"U**^, i ■.■.lint., ii, \,„
were appointed mombors of tlm
same on tho rceornmendatlon of
tho employing compnny respective*
You will bo ndvlHod In duo
eourse of the further HlopH which
nro tnkon In renpri-t of thc constitution nf this bonrd.
I hnx'o tlw hi-mmir to be, nlr,
Ymir obedient serviiiit,
(Sltned)       OI-.tULD If. THIOWN.
A«-tlug Deputy MlnlHtcr of I.nbour
iind Acting UeKl»irnr of Ilonrds
of Conelllntlen nnd Investigation.
A. J. Carter, Ksq*.
.Seerotnry-Trcnsurcr, District No.
is. United Mine Worker* of
Amorlcn., Fornio II. C,
and he came to
tliem 'outside."    ■ '  7       ■   ■ -,-      7
•   ,    Questioned by Jurymen.
Q. ' "What caused the scratches on
the man's-body?"-i ' "i-'
A. ."They might have been, caused,
by us taking him out." ..   -,
Q.   "Do you know the    man    personally?" ■ -' .  '
A.   "No."       *•   ,- ' ,    ■
Q.   "Do you think he was physical*
ly unfit?"
A,   "No,"
Q. "How far were they from the
face?"        . „ ' -    .
A. "One was two feet, and the
other four feot."
Q,   "What was the condition of tho
ventilation?"    ■  ■'„
A.   "Not' very good."
Q.   "Is It customary for tho* mon
to come homo after firing?"
A.   "Yes,"
Q, "Is It customary to carry tho
brattice up In this mine?"
A, ,"Yes, to within 12'foot of tho
Q, "Is Is customnry for tho firo
bosses to go back after shots hnvo
boon fired."
A. "Somo limes I do nntl somo
times I don't."
Q,   "Did tho mlno manngomenl ovor
Instruct you on thoso points?"
A.   "No."
Questioned by J. 0. Jones.
Q.   "Wns thoro a double shift on
tho room?"
A,   "Yes."
Q,   "Would It bo dangerous for tho
othor shift to go In boforo tho placo
was oxnmlnod?"
A.   "Yoh."
Q,   "Did you exnmlno the room bo-
fro tlin men wont on Hhlft?"
A.   "No,"
Q,   "How yns lt thoy flro tliolr own
phots In the pillars?"
A.   "I don't know."
Q,   "How mnny   yonrs   exporlenci
hnvo yen nn a minor?"
A.   "Thirty yonrH."
Q,   "Did  you  ovor    hoo    a    mnn
knonkod   out by  tho  smoko  of hIx
BtlnkH of powdor?"
A.   "Yoh."
Q,   "Wns you ever knocked out. by
powder Hinoko?"
A.   "Yes."
Q.   "How  mnny  shots  wero there
when you got knocked out?"
A.   "Ono oj* two."
(J,   "What, In Ilie roiisiin  the men
(.-oiiio out  In tho Illnlrmoro mlno at
A.   "On neeoiint of tlio Hmnko."
Q.   "Did  Hie  men  carry  you   nut
when you got. knocked ont?"
A*   "ios,"
Q.    "llnw f:ir ii*:.*; Ibi- l*--il!h*- l-.-n!.
Ill (lie plnee (he neeldent  necurrod?"
A.   "Fifteen or 20 foot."
(J,   "Do you ofton hnvo   tho    fan
A.   "Not vory often."
{{,   "Would recommend that  ovory
miner tnke 1111 nmbulaneo courso?"
A.   "Yiih, I would."
Tlio next wit iiohh cnlled wn« Climi.
Cliesiiut. plt-bnHs:
"On November llllt. nt 3:30 p. m,
I wns Informed by W. Mcllao ilint
ther-- ■.•.•■io two iiii-n hurt In thn
mlno. I -met tliem eomltig out. I
fouinl dih' man ull vi;, umi thu --tln-i*
ill-ail, I wont, down to (ho lnmplmuHO
wlth thein. Tho doctor wns thero nnd
snld lifo wns extinct In Mnrtln Homo,
nnd ho started lo work on Mnrtln
Questioned by Jurymen,
Q.   "1)W1  >i.u  ovur  give  your Iin-
bosses   nny   orders regarding going
bnck after firing?"
Coal Mining on Vancouver Island.
Of a net production of nearly 30,-
000,000 long tons of coal, which official records of British Columbia show
to have been the aggregate for the
province to tho end of 1909, approximately 23,500,000 tons were the production of Vancouver Island coal
mines. Adding the quantity of coal
made .into coke, a gross production of,
roughly, about 25,000,000 long tons,
or 28,000,000 short, tons, stands to the
credit of the coal mines of the island,
and practically all this came from the
properties now owned respectively by
the Western Fuel company and" the
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir- Limited. Comparatively large, as these
figures are for coal mining in this
province, it Is manifest that they will
be' added to considerably within, a
few years, for the last-mentioned company alone" has announced Its inten-
tio nto so, enlarge its mines, increase
its, plant and equipment, and extend
the scope of its operations as to make
an annual production of between two
and three million tons of. coal a year,
tion to so enlarge its mines, increase
their output proportionately, and so
substantially swell the total of production as the years'shall pass.
History of Coal Mining.
As an Introduction to some particulars of the chief producing coal
mines of Vancouver Island, the following excerpt from a paper on "The
Mineral Wealth of British Columbia,"
by the late George M. "Dawson, C.
M. G., LL. D., F. R.' S„ director of
the Geological Survey of Canada,
read before the Royal Colonial Institute, is given:
. "The existence ' of coal "upon the
coast of British Columbia was recognized by Dr. W. F. Tolmie, an 6ffi:
cer of the Hudson Bay company, as
early as 1835; but, though small quantities of coal were actually obtained
from natural outcrops from time to
time, for tho use of blacksmiths of
the company's posts, no importance
appears to have been attached to the
discovery. The world was .at that
time very spacious- and the Pacific
ocean was still i-egarded rather as
6*_\3 thaa 'n-s'-i*'-highway-'of commerce
between America,aui,-Asia.
"Afterwards .(In 1849) tlie H'uiRon,
Bay company, brougnt" out a few coal
miners from Scotland, ancl proceeded
■ta test and open but some of the deposits. Thus, as early as 1853, about
2000 tons -*.of coal were actually
raised at" Nanaimo, on Vancouver Island. San Francisco already began, to
afford a market for this coal, nnd
the amount produced increased from
year to year. Tho principal coal mining district' remained, and still remains, at Nanaimo. At the closo of
the year 1888, nbout 4,500,000 tons
in all had boon produced, and the
output grew annually, till, In 1891,
moro than a million tons wero raised
In ono yenr. California Is still the
principal plnee for, salo for tlio conl,
which, by reason of lis superior
quality, practically controls tho mnrkot, nnd Is held In greater estimation
thnn nny othor fuol produced on the
Pnclflc slopo of Nortli Amorlcn. Tho
locnl consumption In the province j
itself grows nnnunlly,    nnd    smnller'
Was Stealing on Larger
Scale Than Police
. Suspected
The suspicion of tho local police
having been aroused, consequent upon
some tools being reported missing, a
search was made ' in the shack occupied by one Phillip Adrian, a carpenter, on Pellat avenue. Although
no' trace of the articles which occasioned the search were discovered,
a very "large number of all kinds of
merchandise were noticed by the officers, and upon- investigation some
stationery that had evidently beon:
water soaked led to the belief that
It had been purloined from the store
of Mr. T. B. Struthers. This assumption turned out' to be correct,
and there is now in possession of the
police articles that would form a very
good commencement for a small
store, in the shape of watches,
gramaphone, sleeve holders, shaving
soap, coffee, chicory, and many other _
kinds of goods too numerous to mention. .      "*   !
Immediately upon this , discovery,
telephonic communication was opened
with Provincial Constable McCuish of *
Hosmer, who arrested Adrian in the
Queens.Hotel and brought him to
Fernie on Wednesday-night's local. .
'■'The opening,of the new Echwig
hall was celebrated on Thursday by a
smoking concert given under the
auspf&s of tho Ferrtis Trades and
Labor Council." F. H. Shaw,*i>rcoi-Jo-..
Speeches were made byli. P.;Eckstein
and J. W. Bennett. -Songs nnd recita-..
tions, etc., formed part of the program, ■ The Ramsay orchestra furnished the music. •   '   ■
The Knights of Freedom, an organization of boys, who havo been
preparing themselves to carry on an
organization of boys, with headquarters In the gymnasium'of the Mothodlst church, have arranged to give a
concert in the church on the evening
of Thursday, the 24th of Novombor.
The prlco of admission will no 35 nnd
20 cenlR, tho proceeds to go townrds
fitting tho boys with nocessary outfit
to enable them lo enrry on a society
, for the mutual amusement nnd oduen-
i tlnn of their mombors nnd friends by
supplying ,1 plneo where good  clean
sports enn ho Indulged In nmldst tho
qunntltlcs nro exported to the Ilii- llfif,ti surroundings,
wulinn Islands, China, Jnpnn, nnd 'I heso hoys nnMo bo congratulntoil
other places. In the various ports of ,l".11 ™™**«»BPi1 l» tliolr endeavors In
the Pacific ocean, Ihe conl froin ,,,,H •l**™**™ «■"•■ *!i™ <• ,->« Rioted
British Columbln comes Into compelI-1 "P°n ,hfi "«'»«lf»» of their first np-
tion wllh conl from Pugol. Sound, In 1-™-™ hy n bumper houso.
tho stale of W.iHhluglo.1, which, be- K™1> 'I'0 ,lflt0 for ll*° KnlslilB of
cnuso of lho high protoellvo duty es- ',''('0(*on1*
tnbllshod by tho United Stales, Is en
nbled to nchlovo n lnrgo snlo In Cnll
fornln, notwithstanding Its Inferior
(*unlli.y, It hns nlso tn compote with
shlpmonlB from Gront, llrltnln, brought
out prnctlcnlly nH bnllnHt; with tho
coals ot Newcastle, New South Wales;
with conl from Jnpnn; nnd, In regard
to the I'uclflu poi'lH of Iho UuhhIiiu
Fmplro, wllh eoal raised by ennvlet
labor nt Dunl, Snghnllen Island, In the
Oltotnk son. It Ih n sufficient guarantee for tho finality of the conl of
llrltlsh Columbia that it. Is able to
hold It own ngninst nil theso com-
pot Hon*,
"Though  Nnnnlmo Ikih  been,  from
tho flrHt, tlio chief point  of production of eoal, work Iiiih boon oxlendod
within tho IiihI fow, yonrH lo lho Ce-
ninx  district,  iiIkii  sltuateil  011  Vancouvor Ihlnnd, while oilier prninlHlng
irml-heiirliif: iniels hnve heen In pail \
explored.,und cMimfiied mi thin Island j
nnd on ih<- i»ue<-n C'linrloi'li* l_.lt_inlH." 1
Nnnnlmo  Colliery,  Nnnalmo   District.
The Niiniiliim colliery, now owned , (l|
by the  WfKtern  Fuel    compiiny,    nf)    '.
Sun l-'rinu-lKco, (.sillfornln, Is the old*]-. ,
in ... 1 11      (i-i"
A meet Ins; of nil Interested fn (IiIh
winter pnHlline will be held Frldny,
lho 18th,' In the office nf tho Knst
Knot enny Hen liy company, .Inliuson,
Falconer hloek, nt S p. in. Hhnrp, A
full niteiidnnci- Is requested.
I hi! I, when thoy were Hold to 1 ho
Vnneouver Coal Mining nnd Lnnd
Compiiny, Lld„ by which they are
still operated."
At 11 pnlnl on the Ksplannde In tho
city of Nuiitilimi, enst nf the old Doug-
Iiih jilt, 11 horn-hole wiih put down lu
1881 by Ihe Vnui-nuver Conl compnny,
niul nt 11 depth of '!",0 feet the Diiuglns
seam wiih leticlii-d mul found to be 8
feet ll Imde-H In Ihlel'iiexH, Iu 1KI.I,
nfter further pi-nijiii-fih-g'wUli tin* diamond drill, two elreiilnr shafts, Nn. 1,
17 feel lu dliimeier, mul No. 2, 11
feet, were sunk, nnd powerful IioIhI-
Iiik nnd   vein Hilling  plunis  were  put.
ohI.    colliery    of    Uuiki*    umv    being <
worked   In   the  pio.lnre.    Its   hl-'tury
ilntes Imr-k  to the early  fifties'
i/«!l.,,!.,*      I «i, .*,_,'«»..,       ..ll.lWl     III      tlttl
H.   r'nl-imbln,   IC07"   *..    cr, \      \f*,„
nieni Inning the bringing nf specimens i
ef conl   by  IiidlmiH,  In   IS,ri,ri,  tu  Dr.]
Tnl 111 Ie, then tuiitlniiml at the Hinlh.iH|
Mny  Ceiiipiiny'H   pout  ul     Fort     M'" j Hmij,
I.nughlln, Mlllliiilik miiiihI   (now  IIcllu ',,     ,
IW, No. " Hluifi was deepened
■i, ;ii  which iiiMltlniinl depth It
', entered lhe underlying Newenstlo
. Hi'iim, then- nlmiit li feet III lliieklli'HH,
1 The  t'l'iileetlfin   t«l'iiw.   nl.tift   *.i-'i"   •■mil-*
llll IS.H. lllld tin- DnUUlllH Hell 111 WHH
. leiii.u-H   ul   win  !-*i*l.     Ill   ..vr;,   It.   WIIH
, Minli i.'*.  Ich <li-i'|ic[  to the Ncwvuhtlt*
Hemit,  the:-.-  Minn-I--.-.'  ;ili..«H   "   fe.t,  i*.
Inchon of conl.    I||   I*--■■.■, 11  ihl'ifl   xviw
nil   NeweliHlle   Inland',    I IiIh   cut
,,, I,,,,,   ,,,,,,,   ,1   "-1 It     ,       .1,1
•i.tiiiii. 1, iiiiii 'lie- i-a|iiiii>iIiii.i Ami.
done nt. SiiiiiiiimIi, l-clween Port Me-
Nell   and    lle*.\er   llnrl.or,   011   the
nor heiiHt rnnsi J^^mvnr IhIhii.I ,,    , ,
In the   yenrs    '«■■■■>;•■■■. « <• «« ■■'« .,„...„,„ „f ,   M!o,
"niennwhlle   „ is.,.,    he exigence n N(.w,nti-,0
conl nt Nnnnlmo hnd been iiMertnined .
(Continued on Pago Vive.)
lower nt ,1st feet,    Tliln working wns
continued  with  thrvie of  No.  1   nnd
Protection   Maud,    In   I'JO I,  a  main
iih driven, from  iho
not shaft nt Brechin,
senm to Newenstlo
l«l.'iiid;   11  counter  Hlopo  xxhi  driven
,     , ,. .,   , ,     , ifiuin   the hiirfiiie In  tin* hitiue  M-.im,
lowing yenr It nppri.r« Mial most of,. Th, Vlll„.nlu„r rnill ,om,mny WM
, , ■,*■' ■'/'"' >""11"' > ri'cnnmrueieil in .tiinunry, "IV'm, mm the
northern-end of the .,!ai„! to ihai-Sf,v yimmu,r r,,„, * Mln,n „im.
plnco     Work wns |_.-K.in  in  oanwtd „„„„.,,  tt||h „„ hWhan„.,
h.h.;_:i,nd  before the ,!..«« ol Ih.^.j
2000 ...ih  nf ronl    am    r*por!..,|  to
have  ber-n   nhlppnl,  rhlefly  to  Kmi 1 <lf Nhnn<n,(>i
by Mr. J. W. M-i:.*.*., •*.*.
lowing yenr It 1
ihe mlri-rii were t<.
lie price of .o.il ntNa-i,,,,, rftinr,nMV| „„,-,  „;. Thnm.„  H,„.
-     v „?i i:\tte* !U",! iU «?   *l •»«■". ''"'«^''"' "f «"• «'»«« «■"* w«rk«.
Snnfrrnncl»co*28ftton.   Tlto Hudson,Af  (ho „„., of ]J)0, „ W(|H        ,    ,
Bay company, under the name of thej
Naimlmo Conl company, continued toi	
work tho mines thus opened    until j (Continued  Vwxt  Week.) ;*.- -..(.-  *.
.ei3.f .
A. F. L. Annual
Labor  Men   Gather   at  St*
Louis For Two Weeks-
Reports Made
ST. LOUIS. Nov., 14.—The thirtieth
annual convention of the American
Federation of Labor began here today, and will continue for two weeks.
The morning session was devoted to
welcoming the delegations and honorary guests, some of them from 13ng-
land. The afternoon session was devoted to reports of President Samuel
Gompers, Secretary Frank Morrison
nnd Treasurer John B, Lonnons.
Sessions will be held twice daily
during the two weeks, and it will be
necessary to convene In the evenings.
An elaborate entertainment , program has boen provided for lhe
delegates. They will not be required
to pay street, car fares while cn route
to tho meeting place in the resident
district of the cky. Meals will be
served in a hall adjoining the meeting room so they will not lose anytime. Tho credentials and resolution
Commission looked into the matter
and it .can't start too soon.—The
ST,' LOUIS, ' Nov. M — Whether
uionism is to form an open alliance
with Socialism, possibly be swallowed
by it, will be determined here next
week after what promises to be one
of the most bitter contests that ever
marked an annual meeting of the
American Federation of Labor.
President Samuel Gompers faces a
,fight against his re-election and the
opposition will be,led by Victor Berger
of Milwaukee, the first Socialist elected to congress. *-■
Two years ago Berger had or claimed to have, the votes to defeat
Gompers, but the sentencing of the
latter to jail on the eve of the American Federation of Labor annual meeting caused Berger to abandon the
fight and favor the re-election of
Gompers. -Berger says, that his faction will * be as " strong here as it
was at Norfolk two years ago.
-In addition to the Gompers issue,
the old question will come up of determining the federation's policy toward tho "open shop."
in the treasury of the congress over
that reported for 1909 was almost 50
per cent. The congress in its legislative capacity has also exceeded anything done' in former years. . It secured the appointment of a commission on technical education,- with its
ox-vice-president 'as a member of it;
amendments to tho Industrial Disputes Investigation Act that further
protected the interests of those affected by the act; and the exemption
of trade unions !from' the Combines
Investigation Act. It , offered such
strenuous opposition to the Belcourt
bill, which was designed to keep international officers out of Canada,
that its promoter asked permission
tq withdraw it, which was permitted,
although the' senate threatened * to
throw it out bodily."
President Gompers then reviews actions taken In the United States in
conjunction with Canada, notably the
movement, for tho protection of Iron,
steel and tin workers. He also referred to the garment workers' strike,
the shirtwaist makers' strike, miners'
strike, affiliated locals and legislation
affecting labor. He strongly urged tbe
maintenance of Labor day's significance and advocated a labor Sunday.
peers have a counter plan to .propose
which requires prolonged discussion.',
-But the ministers will not tolerate
any dilatory . tactics, and should the
lords-attempt,them ithe crisis will be
cut short by the parliament's dissolution. 7   '■
Unions   Will   Combat, Program   Now
Before Parliament" of France.
,- ** '-.--' *--".*- -   —       .'     . -""'.   ° .'»"
The Campaign.Issue Which Confronts
The.W?ge-Worker.   .*-'*     ''
Redmond Will Take Advantage of His
Opportunity—-Asquith Got King's
Consent to Create Peers Elections
Probably Over Before Christmas.
PARIS, Nov. 14.—The General Federation of Labor, backed-by- the Socialists, is planning to combat the
government's labor program now
before parliament. M. Jaures,. Socialist leader in the Chamber of Deputies;
says the labor, unions of the world
are watching France and that the Socialists of America are sending messages of '* encouragement to the
French proletariat in their efforts to
defend trades unionism against, the
attacks by the state.       .        ■ ' ''
The government, " however, points
out that it is seeking to improve the
welfare . of the working classes, and
will propose the appointment " of
boards of conciliation. It is determined to prevent strikes among the employes of the public service corporations, especially the railroads, even if
it is obliged to resort to the penal
laws. It regards the railroads as essential to national law7and defense,
At the same* time-the government is
disposed to restrict the efforts of the
General Federation of Labor -to its
own professed field as against its alleged revolutionary tendencies.
- The federation claims that the government seeks to dissolve the organ
and prohibit general strikes as a counter blow to the plan of the labor leaders to treat with the unions in case
of dispute, '     ,
,Claims   Doctor   Bill   for   Four  Years
and Asks Refund of Money
Paid  on  Stock.
ST. LOUIS, Mo:, Nov. 14.—President Gompers, addressing the American Federation of Labor at the open-
of the" convention here today, said:
."Fellow Trade Unionists: /■?■._:-. cy
years ago ni-on "the urgent appeal of
a number of earnest and farseeing
trade unionists, a convention was held
hi Pittsburg, Pa.   There and then the
foundation of our federation of trades
and labor unions    was    laid.    Upon
that foundation a structure has beon
reared perhaps fnr beyond the vision
of its builders. "Soon nfter tho establishment of our federation, and aftor
its purposes camo to be understood,
the toilers began to realize not only
that it wns eminently prncticablo but,
also Ihat It had within lts.,posslbilities
the elements    to    Inspire    hopo and
eournge for tho nchlovomont of labor's
highest aspirations,   By the years of
dovotod  work of its  adherents,  nnd
through  Its  attainments,  tho  federation hns earned the respect and tho
confidence of tho workers who rallied
to* Its    Htandnrd    and    defended  lt
ngalnsl    Its    tradueors nnd would-be
After reviewing In  a goneral wny
tho growth of the federation, showing In pnrlieular thnl, there were only
two internatloniil unions affiliated nt
lhe, flint foiU-nillon meeting, thoro
were ii.0 ;-t Uio close of thc Inst
fiscal yenr, Ueferonco wns mndo to
erlllclsniK nl* the federnlions, nnd
President Gompers particularly com*
lint tod   Ihe   contention   tlmt   trades j the more powerfully nnd remorseless*
LONDON, Nov. 13.—For .the moment Mr. Redmond's triumphant-home
coming dominates the political stage.
His declaration tonight was that he
was going to the British parliament
to wring home rule from the necessities of British statesmen. This is
seized upon by the .Conservative edi-,
torial writers.to roiise the electorate
to a point of-danger threatening the
union should they return a ministry
tied to the heels of an Irish dictator.
ut.1 t___iia . u~ui:cu-iiu-iui Ul*3i -uct-2iOjj-
ments in the political situation, but j-\
is regarded practically certain" that
elections .wilVTie held in December.
Asquith Sees the King.
LONDON, Nov. 13.—An immediate
general election is in prospect in
Great Britain. Parliament will be dissolved Nov. 29, the latest reports have
it, so that the elections will be over
before Christmas. When Premier Asquith returned from his visit to, King
George at. Sandringham his election
agent from Fifeshire was awaiting him
at his official residence on Downing
street. This Is taken as a sure sign'
that a general election will be held
very soon. The„long conference of the
pnrty leaders having failed on tho
Lord's voto power, Premier Asquith
called on tho King Frldny, Tho
premier's purposo wns to, lenrn whol lier tho Liberals If thoy nro returned
to powor nt tho coming election, cnn
rely on tho roynl-prerogative to mnko
as ninny poors ns nro needed lo create
a l.ibornl mn jority in tho House of
It Is ussumod thnt the King gavo
his nssont, olhorwlso Asquith would
resign, nnd ns Mr, Hni four eould not.
meet pnrllnniont n deadlock would ensue. This would cnuso great flnnnclnl
less lo the country, bocnitfio tho ministers hnvo decided to lonvo tho budget uncompleted until tho now parliament nsspmblos. An iinpnssed budget
Ih tho lovor which AHqulth holds nnd
In 1906 Dr., Gillespie subscribed to
a block of stock -worth $1,000 in the
.iover Bar Coal company, on condition' that he was to be appointed a
director of the company. He was also
appointed physician for the company,
to make monthly inspections of the
men. and was to be paid at the rate
of one dollar a month per man. The
company did not make him a director
and now the doctor has started proceedings in the supreme court to collect his doctor bill and to recover
the amount paid on the "stock.
It was in the fall of 1907 that Dr.
Gillespie was first employed as medi-
caf'at-Fen'd ant "'o^'tlTo- "cbmpaTiy~an"d"
since that time the company has not
paid him any amount of the bill which
has been steadily growing. On
September 27, 1908, they gave him a
promissary note fo/ $203 payable in
three months, but they failed to pay
up when the note fell due. When
Dr. Gillespie discovered that he was
not. to be' appointed a director, he
notified tho company that ho would
not accept the stock and asked them
te,cancel it.' "   -
Tho doctor, now' claims $591.95, being the amount of his bill for medical
attendance: $200 which is the amount
he paid on the stock; cancellation of
the block of stock and the costs of
tho court,
English   Syndicate  to  Acquire   Forty-
Eight Thousand Acres In Copper
unionism wns nnrrow. lie then spoko
of Canndn, ns follows: "The movement In Cnnndn hns shown greater
prngroHH during lho past yenr thnn In
uuy previous year In Its history,
Nunierlcully, repruHontntlon in Ihu
enngresH linn Increased by 10 per cent,
over the year 1901*, while the bnlnneo
ly ho uses It tho moro his pnrty will
Lord Wnldegrnvo, tbo Unionist whip
In tlm House of Lords, declnred thnt
tho lords ennnot be riiHhod Into considering the governmenfH veto reno*
lul Iohh, thnl a general election must,
nwnlt their plensuro lind Hint Unionist
15 Million Dollars or More
The ical opporuniliy I'm* weiillli intin-.s to every peri-uui once, If
ihey nre pivpiircd to tnke tho chnn e,
Thein   uie   lllleeu    nullum   iluilillh   liUlieil   (Hi    il 11    islillld    OII    the
1'iit Uic, iiiiiI He- iiiiui  wim l.iniwM where li  Is, iind has the original
chiut; iind Iiiih been on the ground, Ik now lu Vancouver nnd rendy
to   I'D.
lieineniber In- li, He- only mun now living who t-iiu get It, lie,
Cii|ilnlii lliic|.ell, cnn gel Ilie trennure. Me niilde the trip with tlie
widow of the mnn who brought away ji.fin'i.i'Oti of It,
,MiW    Hit:   |>IO|il..i|t!t>ll ,_n   (llll-i.      ,-ii<lil«'  IU   i in-   Inn,    u.i.-.im ,-,.-,   iiui.   «,.
  .*,,.., ._ ;.-..- . -r.i .-■    ..,.•._.. )   .i- ■•,*• f'. -i h.i *..■.!■<-
Dial  tin- inoiie,\   wn,-, put  tlii-ie, mul ihul Cii-it-iln llncV.etl  Iiiih nil the
ji!!.5u-!'-i  awl   lllfei mill Ion   lieee-ven-v   to   iret   It.
A < oiiipiiuy hfiii hoi ii oi*i.,*iii!/,i*d The C'ocos Inland Hydraulic <**
Treasure Coinpiiiiy,  Ltd.    with  si  c-.ipltnl of $:_n,fiu(i divided Into $1
.,|i,ii».-»   iiiii.i    e-,nl   "»'*>*   ,.,*,,, i. . -■,-,.-., imi .     X .!),!,,m   j.,*-!.*-   t\n    .*»>*•   •-	
1 lon the Minn- niiii.iiut  of Mock UM is iHMIcil  Ir| the public.
It Is estlnmled thai $.''.,'.,000 will be required tn outfit tlio expedition
It wiih ut iirM pliiuned to purchase n idilp, but It bus hIiioo been considered wIhit to eliiu-ier the ship nnd thus «nve n great ijenl of money
to the shareholders. The uhlp Is ul present being outfitted for the
vov.ii*e nt Vnnrniiver,
Then* uie no (.iilnilcil of.icliiln.    The illieclois nre local  men of
j'o.iil   liin-inevi.   iljiiiillni'
i-tu-rlc l.-i now M-llIng ;ii IT. if.nK per i.hiire (par uilue ?!'m*
fully .Ir-hl nnd nnn-n('s<*itHiil,li>.
If you nm toady lu UiKe u rliamr. of lo-ilng ft few tl.ijl.u-*, lo iii.iKi-
a fortune thU U ymir miportuuUy. _•>.• Instance a mnn rl-king $t0
n*SLPt\f, m win I'.'/ieO or for tte<» you mny win t'lajtbti.
For Hler,-iiuie and full Informal Iim.
Sulfas, 446 Richards Staeot. Vancouver
It. II. Frlsby of Vancouver loaves for
tho old country tonight whero ho expects to'1 close a donl for the snlo of
•IS.000 neres of bituminous conl lnnds
In the Copper rivor valloy lo an
English syndicnto for nonrly $3,000,-
000. It Is understood tho prospective
buyors nro closoly associated with
tho -Grand Trunk Pnclflc bnckors,
The proporty was recently oxnmlnod
by Edward Dlnnn of tho United
Stales goologlcnl survey nnd tho pros-
poets nro said to bo excellent and
about $75,000 ban alroody been expended on development work, Tho
conl Is nnld to be of good poking chnrncter and nlso excellent for stonmlng
purpoHCH, The Iocnl lon Ih within -10
uilliiH of the mn in lino of the Grnnd
Trunk Pacific nnd Is located ho thnt
u spur lino mny bo built to nil-
Wnr Ih pomilble only Iieenuse nf the
willingness of lhe workers to pormll
11. Hut, the dny when tlmy respond to
n deelnrntlon of wnr with the deeluin*
tIon of it genernl strike, there will bo
no despot nor n government enpnbh_
lo dure the crime to ninko wnr,—
Arlsiide  llrlnnd.—-(I.n  l.uniertie, .luno
ii. mon.
■" To understand Socialism rightly,, a
clear comprehension of the nature of
and reason for its criticism of property right's. Is most necessary.
Capitalism, as it exists today, is .of
comparatively, recent date. In the mid:
dle:ages the workers were, as a rule,
in possession, individually of the
means of ■ production—the land and
the tools. Each* family, to a great
extent.*supplied its own needs; or exchange was largely within the limits
of the community, a matter of mutual, services. Here, then, is a simple
arid;true form of private property. It
is" self-earned. There' is individual
ownership of the means of production, arid "individual appropriation of
the product. But, as a* productive
system, it was necessarily meager in
its results.
As the advantages of combined effort, which division of labor, or cooperative production, eame to be ap-.
'predated', the' older, '.form- .began
gradually to', *.be superseded. But
when this division of' labor, oy reducing production to a series of simple
operations, opened the way for mechanical invention,, a rapid transformation 'followed and modern capitalism was soon in full ,sway. The
change that had taken place was most
radical. With the organization of
production on an ever increasing scale,
the worker had' been expropriated—
no longer owned the means of pro-,
auction'. (This term, "means of production," in common usage, includes
such - property only as enters into
production or transportation—land;
mines, factories,' machinery, * warehouses, railroads, etc.; commercial
property, as distinguished from private
property, or that which goes to "the
supplying, of one's needs.) .The
means of'production had passed,from
the hands r of the workers to. the
capitalists. Arid as a result of the
change, things now stand' in this
wise:—socialized production, but
capitalist appropriation of the product.
The , owner , of the means of production, though no longer the producer,
still appropriates the product; and
the character of the.appropriation.is
fundamentally changed.   *    '
This is the genesis of capitalist
private property. • Once the. result of
one's individual efforts, under capitalism property has largely become
the appropriation of that which is
produced by the. labor' of others. It
is the robbery' of the workers. Can
you wonder,, then,-that when men talk
glibly" of the-sacred rights* of prop-
Soclalist, knowing whence it is derived, refuses to bow down and1 worship?*     ' '■ . *     * '
To „ restate tho nature, of this
" Formerly the worker "owned the
means of production, used/.them himself, and owned the product. Now we
have capitalist ownership of the I
means of production; and capitalist
appropriation of that which is produced by the socialized or co-operative efforts'of tho workers. Property,
once self-earned, now rests on tho ex"
ploltation of the workors. And ownership , of the means of production Is
the key to the situation;, for to tho
owner goes the , product. Thereby
comes thc power to rob; for to gain
access to them tho .workers must
forego tlieir right to that which thoy
The effect of this chnngo upon tho
condition of tho workers hns boen
most mnrked. Through loss of control over tho monns of production, the
onco dependent hnndlcrnftsmcn hnvo
become tho wngo slaves of today,
Thoy work, not for themselves, but for
a mnstor. (n whom goes the product
of their lnbor, except n portion buro-
ly sufficient to keep them In working
condition. Sbmotlmos, not evon that.
Thoir labor-power—and you cannot
soparnto tho labor power from tho
mini—thoy nro forcod to offor as a
inui;lcet commodity; They must soli
or perish, having no other resource;
and thoy'sell themselves by tho day,
tho week, tho yonr. Tho wage thoy
rocolvo bears littlo or no relation to
tho producl Ivo vnluo of the labor.
Tho'competition nf tho labor market
determine** it. If In pnsHOHRlon of a
skill flint. Is rnro, the wago Ih high—
from lack of competition. Or, If,
through organization of tho trado,
cmpotltlon for work can bo prevented, a wage above tho nvorngo may bo
enforced. Where artificial conditions
do not. exlht, nnd today they oxlnt
only at exceptional tlmos, and In ox-
cept lonal lncnlltlon, tho wngo worker
foelH the full nnd disastrous offocts
of being a eomiuodlly. lie must. hoII
IiIh.labor power at lis vnluo—Hint Ifl,
August 6-11.
Beware of
[Sold, on the
Merits of
IF THE. ...'■■'.'•'
, ■ .      _-,{..*
we will come to your rescue, provided that you have had the forethought to secure -one of our
policie. * Today is not too late to
increase or "secure       * '.
Tomorrow may be. You little
realize how reasonably such' security -may be bought. May we
have the opportunity to  explain?,
*.,' •**■**■ " *     " . -  '
Insurance and Reai Estate
Fer nis Opera House
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr,
HiibslBtotico, And tho solution which
Socialism proposes is n Blmplo nnd
logical deduction from the conditions,
It wns clenrly formulated years ago
by nn Amorlcnn, Tbom.iH Skldmoro.
In n book ontltled "The Illghts of
Mnn to Properly," published In Now
York In 1820, ho snys; "If thon, It Is
reon that tho steam engine, for ox-
he niiiHt sell tl nt Uh cost of produc-' ample, Ih likely to greatly Impoverish
Hon, Willi lhe muss of unemployed
living on n lnw standard, thn tendoncy
of wages In tn gravitate to thnt stand-
nrd, Tho stalo of tlm labor mnrkot,
Koverim wiureH.
Whnt the workers rocolvo Is deter-
j mined, not by whnt they produce, but
nr destroy the poor, whnt hnvo thoy
tn do but in lny hold nf It nud mako
It their own? Let them npproprlnlo
also, in tho sniiie way, lho cut tun factories, tho woolen factories, the Iron
foundries, the rolling mills, Iioukch,
eliurfhoH, Hlilps,   goods,   steamboats,
Kaslnltes with ninny others hnvo a
W ' tin"   i'ii'Xr   enm'tii-   ii'f'il|if|   llm   nvrn-tit-
il'inl  prices naked by donlers for Kofi
lllllll      OU      lll-l-lllllll    (II    Hil!    ._)._''i.-*hl*W
(fn-iglit niteh ileiuiiudeil hy lhe C, 1'. It.
1 '.'('•■ j.'iee anV.otl tmlny Is *'i tier t..n.
hiy M-impeilniin with their fellows fnr I fleldn nf agriculture, etc., etc., In
n'ehiineo to worlc, And tho dlsplnco. j inniiner iih proposed in this work, and
mentH of labor which ut-conipnny the, iih Ih tliolr right."
l.it.-rvii-etin.i nf itineliliierv serve but1 II Ih control of tho menus of pro*
to Intensify ihnt competition by eon-1 duct Ion that ninkes men mnsters of
hinniiy luermtnig tlio niiikH ul Win ■ i-*'"*<i te.iu...i, .'mil,....; <..».,_ u'..,-.
unemployed, riuiheiniun.', the (end- ehntteh. Hluvery, mastery llirough own*
onov ».f m'-ehniilenl Invention to su-1 eiHhlp nf the mnn. Now thoro Is
peruede -dilllr-d hbor Is to tho work*! wage shivery,  mnstery through own
which  shows a grndiinl  Inrreiw. (.,.-
w.nie yi-ni-H i-niU.   No denier enn buy lets a pnhltlve detriment, for It means!ershlp nf tho mennH whereby nlono
the mnn enn live. The workers,
llierefiii-o, (nu nrrornpllsli their emancipation only by once moro becoming
owners of the monns of production,
Tint subdivision of lnbor and lho vnst-
ly Inerensnl «cnle of production lmvo
made Impm-slMo Individual nwucr.ili!p,
such as exl _ eil In the n*»'e. of handicrafts, How then cnn tho divorce
nf Dw "orker from tlio tools bo end*
hnH    I iiken
gives the clue.   Production hue boon
Vn   I    Cf-'il    |,miii,i|Hi',r    1 1, ,r   ,.f   11,„   „,„rtt,
i direct,   all    himliu-HH hi'lug red-taped I    This,  tle-n,  Is  how  lt  stands,    Oil
'through nn Intermediary   in   Nelson,; tie- e* •*• t>.-n*l, vorVers who must "get
where the price nsked  Ih as exnrhl-J ncn '**.  to  Dw  menns  of   production
unit ns here   ami    subject tn much" nr    ■ *v<-;  nml  ncce-in possible only
kicking comment.   From figures j;lv.*n \ tini,ti...i n -reptnico nf a competitive
us It Is easy to determine where this i wii*.*,*,   fin .'.o other, cnpltnllst owners
robbery nrlirlnntcn. The price nsbeillof ihe ue-i-iru nt production forecd by
iby tho ennl compiiny we lulleve I.s ]'ompi'ililon inii-rmg tlicmsvlxos to buy
i |2.r,0 per ton  f. n. b, on  the Crow : tin- lnbnr offered at the lowest market
Pllne,  the Nelson littermedlnry Is nl-; pi-i'-e.   S" lone, therefore, as this sys-iedl    Ttie   _-|>nM<je  ihnt
| lowed $1 per   lon,   and    tlin dealer - t-cm remn'ns un .'hanged, the robbery j plnee in ihe nature    of
per    inn,
; pel* another I1.ee
which  of  iii.*  v.niVers   Is  It*.  Inevitable,   re-
jbarely pays for irnnnfer nnd hniiliige.
|This makes ft.Mi per ton ncenunterl
;1nr nud 5t Is nllf-fil i!-*- rit,\iii.y -?w-
'nttrnt'nn ret* the rout. Jusf fnnrv,
.onl we might say almost ul our door
nnd hnvlng to pny n rnllwny compnny
In this year ef grace Jt.r.ii per ton to
i.#Hr-rT l»! If*. alvMt lime thf lUiNskj*
("remission lnnl.e.1 Into this msHr-r and
It ran't stait too soon.--Kootenaln.
sulr, tvcdurflnn might bo Inerenseil swlnllzeil. It Ik no longer Individual,
to nny .Merit with no ndvnntngo toi but ci:-operative*. Means of produc-
.l.f-rr. f,br'<-,rr'. Who, th-f-n, nre- tttnc* tion. ih.-reforo, already u*-nI In -wim-
ritied?    i'l.-.!.)),- ibo*n who own nnd imnn, mum nlso   be   sorlnllr,*ed--mnde
monopolize the menus of production
—the -rnpStnllM elnss,
the enmninn  property nf xhatm who
use ihem; fr*?o ncres* rendering In
ThN i- the evil that nniRt he mol: dividual ownership imneressnrj', Anil
lfe*» *nM:.v;.ty by ft class of tho '.finally ewhange mmt b* soelallttd—
means -i.f priiiliirilon, whereby the jreorgntimed <f»n a co-operative basla
worker* ....• robbed of all but mere with H,-- total ellmlnullon of profit.
45' Steam-Heated Rooms
Hot and'Cold. Batha.
The King Eclward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial Hotel
-The Finest Hotel Tn East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
-'• - f
PAID-UP CAPITAL, ?10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000"
Interest at the current rato is all
upwards hi this Department.
. every account.'   Small depos
Accounts may be opened in-the
withdrawals to be made by
vivor.   Full and clear writte
make the withdrawals should
when.opening accounts of th
owed on nil deposits of $1! and
Careful attention. is given . to.
its,are welcomed. ;
names of,two or more person's,,
any one of them or by the sur-
n instructions  as  to  who-is to
always  be  given  to the Bank
is nature. - ,      ■
'' L. A. S. DACK,  Manager.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised ..'. .$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital Paid Up' '.$5,330,000.00   Reserve Fund   $5,330)000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
. Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
. Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
"TRIMMING"   --*.«      -   '.
has a variety of moanlngs,' but
you won't be "out_of pocket" If
"you- Invest   In 'our- excellent-
"Trim' for carpenters andr builders."   It "Is made from selected-
and well
and Is free from tvarpings ,"or
other * Imperfections.      While
high quality rules hero . so do
low prices. ''■_,'
Phone 23 P.O. Box 22
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
Wo havo Just cleared our summer stock out nnd now wo nro
ready to fit you up for tho wlntor from head to foot. If you nro
looking for tho futuro nnd Intond to phvo your money purchnao
your goods from us. Wo have just bought tho stock of Mr. Jumoa
Haddad nnd now wo arc carrying n very largo s^mk of ladles' nnd
gentB' furnishings, Trunks and valises, In fact, oyorythlng for
men, womon and chlldron,
Our $1.25 Sweator Coats, havo no equal. Our $1.75 Pon Anglo
Undorsults hnvo thom all bduton.
Our Sulln arc juttl tho kind you nood for stylo and durability,
Wo carry n largo assortment of Boots and Shoos, tho bost selection that monoy and brains Oan buy.
Noxt to Win wn in Can.ly Htoro
Noxt to Nortliorn Hoto
Notico Ih lu-roby pi von tlmt nftor
lho expiration of thirty iluyn from
•Into, I, llavld Kckoi-Hloy, intonil to
ni"]>ly In tlio Itonoriiliio, tlio Clilof
('niumlHMloncr of LiukIh, for n lli-onmi
In pi-oHpoi'l fur onul anil putrolniun on
tho foilowlim (H-hoi'IIm-iI IiuiiIh Hlliiiitod
within lot -IM":i, Ui-oup 1, Kooloiiny
IiIhuIi-I, Oomiiuiiii-liiK nt a |iohI
tilontoil lifiti Coot nin-tli ol' thn norlh-,
u-t-Ht i-miii-i' nf lot li'iii'l, Hii-noii iiiiiih
M) olinliiH, thenco oitHt K0 nhnliiH. ihoiu'o
miiitli K0 ohiilni), thonoo wi-mI K(l chnliiH
to ■(>Imcj, of (-iiiiiniiiii-i-ilii-Ml, cnntulnliiir
010 ncroH iiinro or Iohh,
l.n.-i.t.-il UiIm 27tl. ilny of Of-tiilif-T,
1 "JAVin MCKIlltHI.KV, I.ocritor.
I'd- Win. rioKiui, Airi-iit.
Wltni*HH~-l-l.  A,  Htonc, Ki-ni
Kotlco Ib, hereby glvon tnnt tlio co*
ilalUlulAi'iip   iiuitujiuiU   ttUittilttlitin   '-<■'
lu'ot'H tlio unilci'Hlgnoil oh nrcliltrrtu,
umlor thn firm nnmo of ISgg & Haiti*
ntio, nt, Vornlo anil Nolson, II. 0„ hn«
this day boon dUaolvod by rnutunl
rnnuotit. Tlin "tiuHlric-KH will liorf-f.ftor
lio cnrrlod on by Willinm Jlnl-lnno
under IiIh own nnmo. by wlioirl nil
dobtB of tho old .firm will bo paltl,
nnd In whom all outstanding ac-counta
duo tlio old firm nro tn bo paid,
tilfOMtti O. 1300.
I-Vrnlo, II. C, October 10, 1010.
* Fresh.   Cut!
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flow-,
ers, Wedding Bouquets.
DM >■
Aa an evidence of tho decreaalnj;
distance between Great Britain and
* ernle may utato Ihat a lottor mailed
In Rhonddii (which by tho way U In
WaliMtj bf-nrknK dnto t,t*xm\, OctoU_r
2Stb, waa r«ad here on tho morning
of' tho 7th. Ten'1 days only. If any
have received lot!era In late than
thla apnoe ot tlmo we ahottld le ulad
to know.
Notice la horoby given that application,, will bo mndo by tho Crow's NcBt
& Northorn Hallway compnny to (ho
in...Mut>iit) ithtKimbly ot lho Piovlnco
nf Ilrltlah Columbia, nt IU noxt nos-
iiluu, fui* uu act to uxtetid tlto time for
tlto commencdtncnt of the tonntriie-
tlon of Itn railway, nnd for tho ox-
pendlturo of 10 . per cent, on tlto
amount of the capital of the aatd com*
jinny, as provldod by aub-acction .5)
of section it of the llrltlnh Columbia,
Hull-* ay Act.
•nomvi-iM, Ik LAWSON,
aolkltori* for tho Applicant*.
Dated at Victoria, II. C, this 19th day
of October, 1910.
'   _
r U
l.oii(r Dlit«nce I'lione 577 *
* LUTllUtUUGU       ALQUiTA *
J Ymir nnli-rn will trn-tvo inniiipi nt-
5 lenll/iniiiiil yon ulll h< |it,-u>_-.l with
■jf ulmt woniiihI >on.
***************************  ,, •-.-I*
■ ','*-   "-;7"->"*"'
S ■*    ^** _.
We have, always-been In favour of
Labor Exchanges because, they 'certainly do find employment for men
who are out of. work, There has been
and Is, "even amongst labor men, op-
. /position to these exchanges, and as
. yet" one' might, almost say they have
scarcely-been given a'chance. Certainly . work has been ; found , for a
great number of applicants, and pro-,
• vided  that .'"blacklegs", are not sup-
7plied-to* employers there seems to.be
a * great future . for these exchanges.'
•Provided both" men out'of work and
" employers" requiring workers act fair-
• ly and squarely, these labor exchanges
"should  prove - invaluable.    That  was
and is the Intention of the government and the board of trade.   There
, have been, a" few difficulties,' and
arising out of these the criticisms
have been", very, severe.." Time, it is
' hoped, will conclusively prove that
the exchanges have been of "immense
value. It must not be forgotten that
the exchanges are under the  super-
• • vision of the' board   of .trade, and
every'watch will be taken that.they
'.will be-run properly. Unfortunately
In Manchester some, objection has
been taken ■ in -regard to * a- circular
which states that "We have always a
number of capable and trustworthy
cloth, porters, jobbing warehousemen,
packers,- makers up, etc., for home
trade,and shippers, The, manager of
tlje exchange is a,practical man with
, a life-time's experience in* the 'Man-
chaster trade, and you may be .perfectly certain that when you' ring up
for a-man you will get a man'who can
'do your work. .Should-your foreman'
.prefer to select a. man, _ask him to
. come, to the labor exchange and select a man from -.tho stock there."
This circular has* been sent to employers In- Manchester. 'Its phraseology "may not be ..of the', best, but
underlying it, apparently, there Is the
• best of  intention.    It has,  however,
■ given offence to some sections in
Manchester,*' who . have sent, a letter
■ to the board of trade complaining of
it, and asking for its withdrawal.   On
' the other hand,' the New' City Labour
Exchange which has been opened in
New  Bridge-street, _ E.  C," has   com-'
' ■ menced active operations, many of
the. applicants for employment being
city clerks with top hats and frock
coats.' But'"there"' were many others
—300 altogether—on the first day,
several of whom were  able to find
; work. * Unfortunately there.' is, the
opinion amongst some employers that
a decent man out-of* work will advertise for a ber.th rather than take
•-advantage of'the new facilities, and
,  the ,  employer • consequently    fights
rather shy of engaging.people through
■this medium, feeling that he is only
getting  some. of tho "worn-outs"  or
the worst ingredients of labor. This,
'__however, is quite a -misconception,
and whilst some labor peoplo thing
employers will take advantago of -the
exchanges ,- to obtain' cheap labor,
many employers think only tho worst
. class of workers go to the exchanges.
But exchanges aro only just, -on their
trial, and-It must be admitted that
they havo found omployment for men
and women out of work. It never was
proposed that, they would solve altogether the unemployed problem,!
Miners to Strike.
■ Throo thousand miners, at. Burnley
docldod to como out on strike,, Thoy
lmd-nlroaily glvon notico', and nlthough
It was suggested, that, thoy should
postpone-thoir decision for another
week, during which tlmo tho assistance of tho board of trndo" might bo
ankod for they refused this suggestion, and docldod to reject arbitration
or oven lho suggested postponement
of the nol Ices, Consequently, tho
mou cnmo out, on Wednesday, night.
Tho dlsputo arose, iu regard to the
striking of limber In tho pits, tho
mon alleging thoy woro not, paid for
Ihls worlc. Tho omployors, howovor,
conlondod that this work was paid
for In tho tonnngo rnlo of wagos.
bave been addressed by trade union
leaders. Fortunately, they kave the
local support_of-the public. The members, "of the Slipper Operatives' Union
have, however,, decided to make a
levy in support of the, strikers, to the
extent, - if necessary, of 5s. a week
per member. But, better'still,, where
the strikers have families, efforts will
be made to maintain them whilst the
trouble lasts.     ■        .     "
. After Eight Months.
'" Owing--.to a dispute between tjie
Iron and Steel Workers' Union and
tho Smelters'; Union in - regard to
work being done at' Shotton, the ironworkers were locked out, and this
lock-out has existed for eight months.
The firm thus affected was Messrs.
John Summers, Ltd., ~ Globe Iron
Works', Stalybi-idg'e. A few days ago
Mr. Ellis Griffith, M. P., endeavored
lo bririg-'about a reconciliation. . He
brought the parties together,, which
was a step in the right direction, and
then managed to obtain the assistance
of Mr. Askwith, of the board of trade.
This resulted^ in a compromise being
arrived at.* The „ men who -were
locked out will bereintsated, and tho
Iron and Steel Workers' Union is to
be the only union recognized in this
branch of tho trade. . The ^'agreement
has been signed, and the dispute has
thus been ended afer lasting a" long
period. Four hundred men will no\>;
resume work.*     -   ,
..- "Sequel to .the French Strike,
One result bf the railway strike in
Franco is that a number of the employees on the Western State railway,
who "as reservists were called up by
the government and .did not respond,
have been ordered to be imprisoned
for insubordination. This has, caused
great Indignation - in French labor
circles. The matter cropped up in
tho Chamber of Deputies on Tuesday,
when Jt. Colly, an ex-railwayman, attacked the,government for causing the
arrest,and 'imprisonment of the labor
leaders: M. Briand, the premier, however, declared that the-strike was not
an economic one but revolutionary,
threatening civil, war. He declared
that the government * had written
proof that the strike was arranged as
far back as June,, last; and he' denounced the leaders„for,bringing about
a strike whilst negotiations were in
progress with the employers. A number of Socialists who were present
objected to' these statements* and
created some disorder.     '-- .-     ....
Broadcast Movements of Labor ■ Organizations Take Place—Demand for
"Closed ~ Shop" Is'. Made Issue in
Many Instances.
IRWIN, Pa., Nov. 11.—Union coal
miners aro on striko at'the Irwin
Field mines to compel recognition of
the union and tho "closed shop."
PITT.SBURG, Nov. 14.—Two. .hundred packing house employes' are on
striko here, They demand shorter
working hours and nn .increase, of
wages,'  - -
MERIDEN, Conn., Nov. 14.—Union
glass .cutters here * nro on striko to
enforce a new scale.
BOSTON,, Nov. M.—Photograph en-
gravers ln the various engraving
plants nro on striko to onforco a minimum wage finale of $21 a week and
recognition'of the union.
ROCHESTER, Nov. 1-1.—Seven bun-
dred union brick lnyorp, masons and
plasterers nro on Btrlko becauso of a
quarrel with tho Central Labor Union.
Strike In tlie Slipper Trade.
Thorn Ih a Hllppor trndo* Htrlko at
lineup, or porlmpfl lt Is moro In tho
wny of a lockout by tho omployors,
Tho dispute hnH ronlly ond ml ln Iho
employum giving 1<I dnyH* nol Ico, and
thin nffnctB ovor 1,000 liandfl, Tlio
Inttor have held domonBtrntlons and
ALBANY, N. Y., Nov. M.—Union
plumbers horo nro on Htrlko,to onforco recognition of llio union and a
wngo Inrroaso of from no conts lo
CO coiiIh an hour.
, LOCKI'ORT, N. Y., Nov, M.—Union
moulders In lho local fotindrlos aro
on Btrlko to Mifora. mis closed shop,
Incronund pny, and rondjuslmont of
working coikIIUoiih.
men on the Great Lakes have been
on strike for two _ years to enforce
the closed shop. Iii addition the electric elevator constructors *,and "" telephone linemen * are .- on strike "for
better wages. '_.   '.        : .  ' : *
BATTLE CREEK, Mich., Nov. 14.—
Union, printers are ou strike here to
enforce the eight-hour day and, the
closed shop.      '   :' -   •
ST. LOUIS,' Nov.* 14.—Machinists
on the'Iron Mountain and Pacific railways struck .-last May ■ for .shorter
hours and the closed shop. • Failing
to enforce their demands, the boiler
makers, pipe men and helpers of the
roads wero called out on October 12,
to aid "their fellow "unionists." The
companies' offer to compromise on .the
basis of granting all demands but tbe
closed shop has been rejected, and the
fight has settled down to a question
of endurance.     ■        *      '       -
NEW YORK, Nov. 14.—Three' thousand boys' and 1,500, girls, inmates of
a Catholic homo in the upper part of
New. York city were alarmed by a
fire' outbreak shortly before midnight
Saturday night. Thanks' to tho coolness and discipline of 60 christian
Brothers in charge of the Institution,
there was no panic, and'the shivering
children went .through the routine firo
drill as calmly as on any of the weekly
The fire destroyed a five-story wing
in the main building, but there was
no loss of life and no injuries. The'
blaze started in a basement bakery,
spreading rapidly to the upper floors
and thence to the boy's dormitory
wards above.
The renter is a land animal -without land. He raises corn, cotton and
children. For the use of the land he,
pays one-third' to the landlord, but
keeps all of-his children to help him
raise the rent.'
Whenever he raises more children
than crops then he-is compelled" to
move and when he raises more crops
than it takes to feed his children then
the landlord raises the rent. ,-
'Tlio uniform of tho renter consists
of blue jean breeches with patches,
_____.a_tl_l_af t__hickni--v_s1i ir.fJn n il_i.fi I pit _-.
brogan shoes where the .water that
runs in at. thc top can escape through
(lie vents at the bottom'.
He lives in .a one-room shack with
a leanto, whero he gets plenty of
fresh air. by means of broken window
panes and artistically arranged, wood-,
pecker holes in tho roof and rat
holes in "the pnrlor floor. Thore arc
no special chnrges for tho air. Some
of the shacks have no window panes,
but sport push shutters Instead.
When the renter's wlfo put a flower
pot In tho front yard or buries a dead
cat .then tlio landlord collects additional rent for the added beauty of
tho landscapo and tho Improved sanitary condition.'
An Oklahoma renter who died and
went, to hell became ono of tho most
onthuslastic boosters for thnt Institution. It. wns such nn Improvement
over whnt ho wns iisod to,—Stanley
Clnrk, in Pioneer, Oklahoma City.
CLEVELAND, Nov. 11.—Union oca-
*'___  '
Road iho Labal j&yjnfarm YowboH
For making quickly ancl perfectly, delicious hot biscuits,
hot breads, cake and pastry
there is no substitute ior  •
Fifty Yoarm tho Standard
Fnthcr's   volr-p   rolled    down   tlio
Rlnli'R  nnd  Into  tlin  dim  nud  silent
" "Yoh, pnpn, dour?"
"Ask thnt young mnn If ho hns tlio
A momont, of Rlletieo,
"Yoh, Goorgo hns his watch with
"Thon nsk hlm whnt, Ih llio tlmo."
"Ilo Rnys It Ih 11:18, pnpn,"
"Thon nsk lilm If ho iIoohu'i think
il. nbout bodllmo."
Anothor momont of silence,
"lio says, pnpn," tho silvery volco
nnnoiiiicoil, InipnrHonnlly—"ho hhj-n
Hint ho rnrely goes to hud boforo I,
but. It, neoniR to hlm Ihnt, It, Ih ii
nwittor of pei-Honnl nreferenoo merely,
nnd that If,ho woro In your plnco lio
would go liow If ho folt Hli-opy!"--
Ilnrpor'fl llnznr,
leaves you feeling right. -
recommending the wrong
will,not disappoint you.
Anything you
with the Name
ere is something that
will cure your cold in a
■day and a night," is *
what we say in showing Laxa-
cold to those who ask for
something of that sort.
Laxacold works . on a new
principle—it drives the cold
out of the system—doesn't
merely smother it temporarily
to have it reappear a day or
so later, as some other preparations do. It never nauseates and does not cause
ringing of the ears, for it contains no quinine. It simply
relieves your system and
We couldn't afford to risk our reputation by
thing—but we know all about Laxacold; it*
25c. buys a box.    7 '
will give you
Sold and guaranteed by „w
N. E.. SUDDABY, Fernie, B. 0.
^Letters To       jf
*       The Editor jf
*        ' ;' *
.The editor is   not   responsible for
articles that are sent in.
Tlio Southern Cotilrnl Railway com*
puny will npply to tho l'nrllnme-i** nf
Cnnndn nt Itk noxt hphhIoii for nu ..ci:
1, Authorizing II to -pniiKtmrt llio
fn .i*v.iii.. Iimu-tt.i liiioH-—in) from a
point, ni or ni.nr whoro Ihu main Hue
ci'orhoh tho North SriRkntrhowim river
In tho Provlnco of Alberta iiorthweHt*
orly, ci'ohhIiik the Atliitl-tiHkn, river,
thonco lo n point on the l-oncn river
nt nr noar Dutivi-gnrii.itlicnci) in Par-
Htilp river, tlinnrn mititlierlv tn llm
Norlincn rivor, tlienco Houtliwenterly
Im //V*,iii',*> /..'.iiifiii'.., oi* In '..tiii't.it-i ti
cnnnl, and (b) from a point nn the
Milt river In tlio Provlnco of llrltlHh
Columbia by thn most fenHllilo route
onstorly to tho Wnlortnn river, llicnen
PiiRlern to n point nn (lie International
boundary twnr Coul Is,
2. J-.xtenilliiK the time within which
It mny construct Hn lino of rnllwny
from tho city of Vnnrnuver northerly
and onstorly by wny of tho Kootonay
PnHB to uomo point on tho Old Man
river In tho I'rnvlnen nf Albertn,
tlienco northenolorly Ihioii'.h (Uo Province of finHltntr-hewan to somo point
on the BhoreR of the Hudson'.. Uny at
leant ono hundred mlloR nortli of Fort
Churchill nn tlio Churchill river.
3, Aut.iorla.tiw ll to connect with
forolgn railroad-., j
•I.   AutliorUln-**.  It  to Increaso  It*'
IioiuKuk iwweru-; mul fur oil_ut \,w.
Solicitor for the Applicant.
Dated at Ottawa   thin   8lh   day of
November, A. D., 1910. nj-M.
Dear Mr: Editor:
You will please pardon me asking
space in your widely read," liberty-
loving "paper, The District Ledger, the
organ of the United Mine Workers'
of* American, District 18, or, in other,
words the champion of, the working
class.   , ■     *
Well sir, the matter I wish to draw
public attention to is the awful conditions under which' we, the miners
of the coal mines in the,fair, sunny
province of Alberta are compelled to
work under. It" is said that Berlin,
Germany, has tho most,brutal police
force, as well as tho most hated in
the world. Well sir, we have as
miners the most brutal force of inspectorship the writer knows.." The
conditions of all the mines in" Albert a
ancl he "knows what he is saying,
when he declares that the managers
and the mine inspectors are not doing
their duty; that- :thn mines as a
whole are not ventilated, not by a*
sjght; No sir. It is not a" common
event to come in contact with men
going homo before the eight hours',
work has ,boen completed overcome
with the deadly fumes from the high
explosives and * in tho displacing of
coal and rock. You, Mr. Easy Street
Protector of men;--do you not know
'0f^"a~irt*eXtniiTiTiF'T6r"Tul7 mines™"1iT
Albera where; there is not the least
air present-in the mines. Only what'
is mado by the machine compressed
air. I will ask is it fair that a body
of miners should bo murdered just
becauso it is a' legal transaction?
What is lt, Mr. Editor! but murdor,
when there is no air In a mine;
when a man cannot see a man from
a horso or a horso from a post?
Now sir, not until it becomes a
crlmo for tho inspectors to allow tho
management to work men under such
awful conditions can wo' hopo" for
healthful conditions.
This Is tho twentieth century,
when knowledge on mining.is well-
known, nnd to see men tlrcd_ nnd
sick wllh whito, ling-sard fnces ns it
thoy had boon disturbed from tliolr
oton.nl sloop. Those men cannot attend n meeting; of nny kind, indoors,
for fonr of fnllinp *nsleop, Who
among uh iih mining men will agroo
or admit that tho problem of ventilating lho mlnos Is a frightful undor-
One ope'rnlor observed to lhe wr'f)i>r
thut ll wiir n vory ospoiiHlvo -thing
this question of vont lint Ion. Wo have
lo purchnso a fan, tho pnylng for
crosH-rufH nnd tho buying of brnltlen
and hoards, and omploy men lo use
lliom, Tlio making nml erecting of
doors* cohIh money. Then there Is
tlio pnylng of boyH lo allond thoHo.
ti I did nil (IiIh the doors would gol
KinfiHliud niul the boys would gel hurl
—more expeiiHe, So you Hen II Ih
chenpor to doHlroy men than to pur-
eliiiHO innterlnl. Men nrn cheap, but
brnttlce, doors, nnd fmiH cohI monoy.
More ho grinned but I do not Intend
to, Who Ik Id compel ino? 1 nm nn
operator, 1 mn nfter illvldendH not
Hid health of minora. Wlml nro tliey?
Now, Mr. Kditor, I veil I uru to wiy,
Unit nny minor could venlllnlu Uioho
mlnoH und mnko them fll for human
belngH to work In. Ilut the hU-oIc and
well-piild liinniiger do nut know how
In ho! ithniil mich n liml, for tlio
Hlniplo roiiHOii Unit they do not wnnl
to, Too nxpeiiHlvo; too oxpoiiHlv*-;
too oxpotiHlvn, in ll any wonder Unit
men working In theso IioIok In the
ground ure linking tlio question: Ih
It not poHfllhle to have u r-wninlKHlnn
nf mining men to Hit nn UiIh iiuoh-
lInn of veiilllntlnu? Hut we do not
want  "Fin.  ll..-llieh"  to  repreMi-nt   tm,
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Open for all kinds of business
in their line
"Address Box 97
A  ___.!______!_,%_„. &2a
Barber   Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
First class work guaranteed.
Drop  in and convince yourself.
_._-___ ___»i
nctzor— noniricfd- opcurany.—■-
G.   RADLAND, , Proprietor.
air lo breathe, no coal to burn. - We
want to walk homo after our day's
work. Wo do NOT want tho cold
charity of the operators' lo carry us
homo on an old door torn hastily off
Its hinges (the Alberta - ambulance
van) or In an old two-wheel cart with
a kicking horse, Said horso used to
work lu tlio mines but kicked so hard
nnd so often against the conditions
Ihnl. tho management gavo lilm a job
on. surface hauling said l^jvo-wlieeloil
cart, AYiso old horso. This Is ono
way of getting home when overcome
lii tho dense, hellish mine,
I fancy I see the champion, of thc
conl mines regulation net wiping his
brow' on his cont alcove Raying:
You must vontllato or I will write
tlio Ijohh, Yoh I will, 1 have told
you so before,   Yoh I havo.
Again I say no nlr to breathe, no
conl lo burn, ■ Wo know lliom In tho
piiHf, wo know Ihem In the prosont;
but wo do NOT wnnt to know them
In the future.
Lot mo nRk tho conl mlno mnnngon*
and the government InspcclorH not to
dli-igrneo tlio noblo hcIoiico nnd nrt. of
mining by Ktiylng It. Is hucIi a grent
ttiflk, In fuel, nlmoBt InipOHHlblo lo
ventilate. tlic-KO flnt koiuiih four foot
thick, with a littlo wntor, Juki enough
to lay lliu diiKt, and uu out put of u
few hundred Iohh .per dny niul the
mlnoH n few yenrs old.. And besides
wo do not Intend lo vontllato lliom,
Men nrn cheap, No compensation for
legnl killing,
Ilut lho llnrdy Kid don't, enro a fig,
for ho Ih wnll protected hv bIocIih.
Time and Tide wait
for no man—I do—Call
and inspect my stock
of Watches, Clocks, &c
Reftair Work a Specialty
Victoria Ave., Fernie
"Wheel H-uTcnvs  ...'.*' ,*....*  .50c
Dump Carls .*' : 50c
Express- Wagons  ..' ". ■ 85c
Dolls' Cahs, vifh nnd ivi/Iioiil  hoods. ]•_<.*.(. nnd col--
lapsahJe; priced from -$2.00,1,0 $6.r>0.    Those'nre wcll-
huilt-and strong.    Take-a look in our -window as yon
pass. . ' ,-, "     "n  -
Saturday   Specials
Enameled Small Sauce Pans O'c
Enn moled "White Pie Plates  5c
Enameled Wash Basins  '. 10c"
Japanned Dusl, Pans  , 10c
J. D. Quail, Fernie
Furniture Hardware
It   Iiiih  often   Ik-./ii  hIiUi-iI   Hint  tin-
Hi-oteh Htnnd prominently forwnrd In
nil ninltoi-H tiffedinK odiu-iillon niul uh
ii corrolioriitlon thereof no more cnn*
I'lilHlve   eviiloiie.i   could   bn   ndvniieei]
We  ii»l{  for  nun  xxl,t\ worli   for  llm   tluni thnt of.i'ii-il  hy Uiu Itoynl Com-
brefnl thoy ent  under the immiiIIUoiih, | hiIhhIoii    on     Tneliiilcnl     l-Miieiiilon.
Mr. Kditor, the men who hoodwink j utllieri    M,    Murray, Dnvlil  l-'ornytli,
UiIh Ih-IIIhIi hIiiIi- of nffnli-N coulil not i linn, .lolin N. AriiiHirnn.-*, llnv. (leoi-Ro
earn  $10 a  iiiniilli    In    llie-m  idIiihm, | llryee, .liiiiie*! \V. KohnrlHon nnd .liinioH
Tliey   WOUld   die  like   old   rlilWH,     llllt j Hllllpsoil,   llll      UlOHM      IIIIIIIeK   111*0   lie-
I lien n ciiiikIi would hoimi niiil.e rniirn' cldeillv nt n Cnled.mlnn flnvor f!n«-
tor better men.   VMiu run \von-|er,>iii ipnnl tie SorreH iiii liln iiiiinn ludiealeH,
>'tn-  _i>_.i i,.i >, ><>    liiiti lii., |iiii'ii,/   a, in   j'hIu/i  IIII..III,    ,1,   VV,   tlellKOIlKU
fine, )il» lillulfiiif: i..1Ii]h    and    liliijn,m-i>i   miiiii-i.IimI   of  Uio  .Suhhi-niu-li.
liiu'ciinliil  i-iiM.    No  nlr  to  hreuthe: i    Tlw iwn member* wlio are d'-ir-mc*-!
Ill ]inlil toil; no wiiHbhoiiHO. i(it be horo ne\l Moiulny, tlw 21m, nre
Mr. I-Mlinr, hliue we are wiltlnu'nn ; David  l-'oiKyUi, 11, A„ nml  the  Rev.
Dw hlli|-illi'i**<  "f l||f—»  mow,  WililM   tt ' Ili-m-iT- t.rvre   |,"   tt   S!   I*     Tlie ffirniei-
lint li>' v.o'.l fur um In enll.-||!.*ii Umi Ihim I-ci-ii Homily niiineeteil with eilu-
worlil nlmiit tliem* Ko-rnlled \viinh-7-.-tilnual nmtteit. In tlm province of
lintiKeH whh It nre n dlHurneo to the jonim-lo fur mnny yenrH and wnH
Alberta    koveminent    mul    llm    In- formerly    |irliiel|iiil    of    the    llerlln
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls promptly made, day or night
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery.
Fernie. B.C.
ff c   /! llll PtrH* In. I ifi \
i' v " ~	
very ntiteli your jmlronuj,'!! and intend Kivinj,' you ALWAYS
tlie HKST SKI.VICK iilonjj- willi ihe Im-sI ^oml.*. proem*,-*!*!.*,
K|-r<-ini<- and the ojieinloni, Tliey nre
dirty nnd ro. I, tliexe linloii inlHii.imcil
M'llxli I'liiiAch'   ihul*   iiIhh,   iih   |f   men
H)||c|,l'tle mul terhiilcnl Itl'iUtiile,
The Itev. r_enrK" llry_v whh one of
the foiiiiili-rK of the UnlveiHlfy of
j had iinjiiireil tin* btitiliH nf a toad j Miinitol-.i nnd hnn occunli-il vnrloiiH
jnml roiild live without nlr or llMlit. |rhnlrn In Unit Institution tit different
i I *--iiiiii (•> c,»> nwlil limn niul imw, j ime-.i. In l*ii»i lie wii* ii|.|ii)inti'il i-x-
jthm we nm NOV t-olnit lo einlure j iuuIiht lu nnturnl hlMory in Toroit»o
iihi- (.lute of tlilM**-**. I My, Hlr, no! TiiIm inlly.
I.   I 	
-Mjrt fft? tm trt *Mf IUj» V*r* «ft4 TtMM __> aa tlltn t»
.Mlt'lni I»k»,m-l,* - —
•oil HI hon,ii    Wrlliifnr
rliw f.Ul. Mt.,1.1 lU-t«,rt, hi.11
I kiAitinur
»**-*,» T'»i*w»* **t**\rrtt*~Tt, 1,.- nm* timi l|,_ «*-_ »W. lh ln«,"»_4 toWi-*i« i *Z*~.
f!!*.'.''.'"-!^! 'LV»!_**«*,v*«'»-1 "yi-.r,"* it u~?.'.**mn.tYnIh^ITu**.*
__1'1*>A^- _Vr*M»»V'"> »•'• • '"• I'i, *.'_<»•"• i •■..<• »l.
/1 i.    i- ,i ,i .,   , .
 .'   ';   -    ■■      ' "• '   '"   ".--I'm   iiiiii   tun ii   i  in im liiii.i  iiim   mu
irieiuls will lm 'iiiikilii' I'm' Ilie uslllil lulieii nl' reuieiiilii-iiiH-e.
Wo (-iin miji|iI,v yiinr wauls to nicety. In t.tii- Men _ und
Iih.vh' l''iiriii-.liiii|_,'H nil neeepiiilile Kifls.
Wo always mv llinl iKilhin^' |iii>,hi-.s Ihrniiuli our ilour:;
hill the HKST. Kven llnmi'li lliey iniiy eim-l ,-i' tril'l.t n\.,y.'
al tin' iM'^iiiiiiiu.*" I'l'iijile iiilmil liml lliey nr,- clieiij- in tin*
Opposite the Post Office, Fernie »-. lnw .in»_ffJu»r, t wi_«bKfcsiV|MiAU_ _____ ^.ijj.m*.
^■■■■K>'«»aaaa_^ ——   —     —	
®&e lisitijei ^jbgor-
Published every Saturday morning at it* office,
Pellat Avenue, Pernie, B. 0.   Subscription $1.00
y   ■   -_■■•*.....■    .-,   ,   ,,*....   , ; . .        . c.
per year - in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W."BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
' ,--t-'-~-^- . "-: - '.'TztiKa*,- <•*.*--_-
;E are in ^receipt, qf the quarterlj^feircular
published by the Britisli Labor 'Party,'"and
sent out from the London office. Various matters
of interest'to the labor ^world are*" touched - upon.
Among other things, particular stress 'is'laid upon
the Osborh judgment; and a special'pamphlet that
is being widely, distributed was, also enclosed!
Arrangements are in hand -for a special- conference to-be held; on the question of Peace and'Disarmament, on the 31st of January, 1911, which will
take place at Leicester. "With regard to municipal-matters, it is suggested that one of the planks
of^the platform should be a weekly rest day for
the provincial police. As-this has already been
adopted by the metropolitan authorities1,* provincial
labor parties are urged to aid in this reform. A
number of other matters* of:interest are also included in this pamphlet, but those mentioned are
the most salient ones. '   . ■
A ■*;.■-
.-.:'.   *-\      " *-*
- i *.**--*   iSZ~- s-.'-i
SOUND the tocsin !   Beat thc drum!   Let every
' good man come to the aid of the party.   Sink
all factional differences.,  Let us become a solid
body,1 presenting a determined.front to the enemy.
All have heard of Gormantea-usages,   so ..full'  -.E
mystery and condensed colic; and limberger has
a strong hold upon'many of our citizens; but the
pitcher that has often gone to the well is broken
at last, and we are now informed that a shipment
has been received in-Toronto - bearing the label
"Made in Germany."   IJut" the shipment consists
of EGGS, and we would urge that an amendment
be made and that the label shall hereafter read:
''Laid in Germany."   The proud Plymouth Rock,
the majestic Cochin China, the stately Brahma, the
sprightly Minorca of Canadian birth, should now
, be up in arms to resent the implied insult in connection with their capability to lay eggs as'good'
.as do'the fowls of the Prussian kingdom.   Perhaps"
' at the latest hen convention - our- Canadian fowl,
becoming-imbued with "the spirit of unionism, de-
~cided to|limit.Che production, and we woulcTthere-.
.fore suggest that the senate should immediately
get busy and bring an-injunction against the gal-
linae canadensis, compelling them to put a stop
to this restraint of trade. " Bo'tirassas victory in
',Arthabaska, the reception given to "Niobe" and
'"Rainbow," all "of bur vaunted boasts of British
supremacy, aro t mere nonenities compared to the
danger of-this latest dig1 upon our most vulnerable
point, the stomach, and we 'should hope that this
oi-gnn, being a patriotic mould, will demonstrate
the fact by regurgitation when thc product from
-the Kaiser's realm' enters into .its inner recesses'.,
.* According to report, eggs can be laid down from
Germany in Toronto within one week from the
time tlioy nro laid in Germany. Let us pray that
our fnith Cui Canadian hens will realize tho iinpor-
i tin uo oP that grand old slogan: "Engl imd expects
thnl, every hen this day will do its duty," and lay
on Macduff until eneh exclaim "Hold! un oeuf!"
(French, an egg.)
THE daily newspapers throughout the length
and breadth of this continent have been giving
details of the votes cast by both Republicans and
Democrats but have furnished scant details of the
remarkable increase in the Socialist vote! Practically the only one - mentioned with any freqxiency
is that of Victor L. Berger, the* editor of the* So-.
cial-Democratic Herald of Milwaukee,, the first of
his party to become a member "of congress where
he will nominally represent the Badger state, but
in reality be the-champion of working class interests of the entire "Union. -
-.   ' f*
' Speaking broadly it has' more than'doubled that
of any previous election, and there' is no single
state -where a loss has been sustained - nor even is
there a standstill reported.
- "We will quote in brief some of the most striking
features of the recent "campaign: *
Oklahoma;  .35,000;   Ohio, - 50,000.;;* California,
'50,000; Indiana, 25,000; Minnesota, 25,000.*
Charles Edward Russell, candidate .for governor
,on the Socialist ticket has polled,over 60,000 in the
state of New "York. The fact that'he is "an intellectual and recognized as one of the most promi:.
nent magazine'ewriters of the day no doubt had con-*
siderable weight with those who are not Socialists.
In the city of Minneapolis, the .count for mayor is •
Satterlee; Republican .- ■_ .--.-.. .* 12,754
';_ . -   - ,i ■
Van Lear,-Socialist  ..:..';.'. 7 ...'.'.'..'. .1*1,753
Haynes, Democrat   .: .'"_,..'.....'.'. '.7'.12,738
Van Lear is-a machinist.     *   ' /   '-'
. Even in. some of the southern states, where nb
active propaganda work has-been carried on there
are some surprisingly' large; increases that plainly
bespeak great potentialities for-the future if they
aro followed up'by systematic organization as they
most,.assuredly will be.'  '„ J,.   ''   ," ' "
The Democratic-victory*.has demonstrated that
there are many who 'are dissatisfied' with existing
conditions, but who do not realize the character'of
the remedy that will bo effective, whereas those
voting the Socialist ticket not only are discontented with the present regime, but likewise arc determined to show their belief in the. way to cure
the many evils that society under capitalism is heir
to and are no longer willing to support either of
the two old parties. ,
The following is a table showing results at three
different elections:
Table of National Socialist Vote.
loio,   nnos.    ■ioo.
Alabama  :...,...    2,000     1,399'    ' 853
Arizona      3,000   , 1,0.12     1,304
Arkansas        9,149     0,287     1,810
Your Choice
j These are,not suits-marked up to $20 and'down-
-.-"to $15,. that is not our way^of doing business, but
r'*genuine,' legitimate   bargains   bought—right and.
.... priced to give* you for the benefit of our close
-.buying.   See big window display,,' " *       .  ,'('   '7
y Fancy Goods
"_",. Biggest' and most up-to-date line of .handsome .
Christmas Novelti.es ever shown in Pernie. Brushed.
Brass, * Polished Brass, Dull; Brass Goods,."Bronze''
~ Statuettes, Manicure Sets,*.Sewing Sets,."Work,Baskets, Mirrors, Vases; all new* and every article a
■' work v'of art." On;display.ih t)ry Goods Department.,,
_ BootsatidShoes
.   Shoes, Slippers and Rubber*, fit' economical prices.
•'...-         o                "
,      .    ! , " .      >■ .-
•> ...A full line of Eresh.,Groceries always,on hand.;,
"* See us for apples of every variety.   -A-new. ship-
'".;" ment just received". '** ;;   .'.'•'., 'X . .
*.   -'.Inspect our. new. line'of choice bottled goods,
, comprising. Pickles, Olives, Relishes, etc.-*•
* Center aisle ;upstairs. Choicest line of mechanical
._ v  gather'together for your gratification.       " ._ * ',**
50,000   28,500   29,533
"It/T 1{S. Snowden, wife, or Phillip Rnowdon, mem-
*»* bor of tlio British parliament, representing
Blackburn in Lancashire, has been addresHing the
Ktrinking garment workers in Chicago and inveighed in omphalic language against tho iniquitous net ion of Uic enrirl in tho matter of tho Dan-
bury hni tors who woro fined heavily for, damage
'caused lo tho employers' business by going on
slriko and lold lior Jicnrpi-N that such things did not
liii]*|><*n in England, wlion ns a fuel lho Tn ft' Vnlo
decision was the precedent that, governed Ilie
judges in Ihi. now famous ftanbnry oaso.
In addition lo the last named it ■■orlninly comes
willi lind grace IV'ini one who eerlninly should
knnw lie!ler in eiiiiiletnii I'nilod Stales methods and
praise the. British in fnco nf tho body blow recently iiilininiHli'i'Oil In Ilie labor unions'in the Osborne
jitdgii'ieiil, '
.\g11111 iilliiiSion was mnile lo iin* i-i'iiliii i-oiitiuci
of the police who did not hosilnli*. in Chicago to
use their clubs quite freely regardless of whether
they hit 1111111 or woman and she (IWvn, S.) told her
•iiiilieiiee   llttil   tlto   .inli/'n   of   En**'!.!.!**!   would   not
240 ■
Colorado    15,000
Connecticut   ".. 12,212
Doltiwaro       500
Florida     5,000
Georgia '     1,000
Idaho     8,500
Illinois   50,000   34,711   00.225
Indiana     25,000   13,470   12,013
Towa   ..-:  28,000     8,287   14,847
Kansas'"  40,000   12,420   15,404
Kni_t.ii--.cy     8,000     4,185     3,002
Louisiana   ...,     5,000     2,538       005
Maine       2,300     .1,758     2,100
Maryland        5,000     2,333     2,2-17
Massachusetts     13,500   10,709   13,004
Michigan     20,000   11,527     8,911
MinnoHoln    ,  28,000   1-1.094   11,1102
Mississippi        2,000        97H        393
Missouri     30,000   15,398   11,031
Molilalia        0,000     5,855     8,.i7<!
Nebraska     15,000     3,521     7,112
Nevada        5,000     2,03-1        025
New ll'immshiro  :...    2.000
New .HM-Hoy    *   11.500
New Mexico        3,000
Sow York     00,000
Norlh Carolina    "  700
Norlh  Dakola        2,800
Ohio   00,000   33,795   ,'Jfi,2fi0
•., *  A'full lino of
-      ACCORDIONS,  ,   ,   .
Strings for all musical Instruments
and all  necessary  parts
Marked at prices that will sure sell 'em
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners    .
Ranges and  Cook Stoves
You aro now going, through this world for tlio Inst tlmo:
Why Not
'    3I5
•K I*1,
i[   Us pay money to white labor ||
•_ >
•_ • >
XX iJ/_____f JL
Us pay money to white labor
dare lo do sueh llniiKH.   Hi-mnst. be somewluil ol 11   „,, , „-„„„
.     ,    ., , I   1     , 4,        ,,      ,,      Olclahoiini    3d,000   21,770
Ktirprise to those -who read ahoul tho sn lira Relief*!  ,.     . 0^,)     7,,,,,,
imd later r»*pnvt tlmt the cavalry had been ealled
out  in Smith  Wales to listen In such ,slii|,enientn
and lliey must naturally form Ihe roni-liision that
woiiie i'iK'r"elie ne\r»i|»ii]ier mnn him lieon slmrl  of 1 •""■•••l-h IhiKnln
copy to M*rili> sueli deseriyilions uh hnvo appeared   I,'m""*""
from lime to time in tlm papers of tho Amerienii
rontinent.    *
!'"nn::.vl\_iiim    50,^00   33,013
Miotic IkIiiiu!      1.500     1,305
'onlh Ciilnliiiii           300
t.'mis ..:' 15.000
I'lah     0,000
If Mr*.  Krinvden  )in« boon  onrrooily reported 1 V^isltiiiKloii     20.000   14,177    10,023
jtndotirniilliorityistlic,,(,liienKol)ailyHoeln1iHt,,MVv','M Virulniu     7,000    3,070     1,572
llien tlu* attempt to hIiow 'that the! foiven used hy
thoso, who do tho bidding of the powern thnt lie
differ save, in porhnps   n   minor   depfrco in mi.
Wis.-onsin   50,000   2R,1M>   28,220
j Wyfnnitiff        2.000     1,715     1,077
Vermont       1,055        547 ,      844
•*Y J....
nx^. .>
imi iiim   in-1 0T7..M.J 't.xix
Wopkiftgmairs Some
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay E_«
Ledger Ads Pay
Prairie Hay
Tho quality is
good and tho
price is right
Dldsbury     -      Alta.
'    „ llvo on tho bost and nothing but tho boat, and go to
The 41 Market Co.
for your ro'iulremonlfl In MoatB, Froah Klllod niul Qovornmont In*
Bpectod; FIbIi, Duller, Eggs, Ham, Dacon, Etc,
',, 8. Graham, Local Manaoor
**■*»-*•«_) «M
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee.
"•111 <ces« b,_.k |« j«m it *■». .0«-_*.l I; ■»<'
him*.    IH font foicvtr It yim ■■s:i.'. il •*
!♦>» MnilOMrr lli-»i»»-     A i*l«r**fr Ifcfrtn*:-*
out utivrnUinij oilinnti* wut m>» ->«•< *••-•
li_c* v,l,ru || -will ttui* Ihr tiv.-.'.
Drop in at Ingram's
Fu!! Slock, of Smokers' Goods Aiways on Hand
1 * 1
Electric Lighted
8leam Heatu-J
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water l. A. Willi, Manager v %
.* *
• »*Q.W,-ty*t»^
■ *s    .>: ■-'-':■■' '■■_.- --'•','- : " .,'•"*-, .,--■* _     ^
■ t
• t
• t
• ■_
• t
'♦•^♦^ ♦_•**<•*♦♦•*•••>♦.
'♦-•*. .  ; -   - ♦.
♦ V COAL CREEK   BY  IM.        ♦.
♦ -rt ♦
♦*♦ ♦ ♦ V ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ «*-•*•*_ ♦
Born at Coal Creek on Friday, the
lltli: inst, to "Mr. and Mrs. Thoina-s
Dunjjan, of PaJseburg, ,Atla./-'.a.'7;fine
daughter.        '   ; -*"_". 7
A- few weeks ago nqticee; were
posted up warning persons not".to'"*interfere .with the dam. reservoir up'
here. We regret to say that in. spite
of this some evil disposed person has
broken the cover off the-vaive7 box,
and.after breaking the meshing* from
the end of the main pipe'line, has
pushed a large piece of rock and several- pieces of two by, four timbers
down the pipe. This has completely
stopped the flow of water;-and not
only caused very considerable'inconvenience to the householders; but
come very near shutting.1.dowii* the
■■ mine' through* the "inability "to'.obtalH
. water for. the boilers. Such, practices are altogether beyond a joke,
and; should the culprit be discovered
he ;7will undoubtedly get all that his
conduct calls'* for, with the full penalty of the law. ' " .
The * mines; were idle up here.. on
Mdnday, owing to a shortage of; tim-
ber7 . ~   "    .       .       ';.". -'■  \\
Mr. and Mrs. James Thompson" of
Elko-were visiing their 'daughter,
Mi*. Duncan; and their new grand-
daughter on Saturday last. Mr'. 'T^ion.
. Duncan also"; came up to the Creek
on''Sunday on a visit to his wife .and
for the purpose of paying his respects
to. the new arrival.
-Mrs. ~D. F.r Markland and her two
children arrived back in camp on
Wednesday last, after spending > few.
months at the old home in .Lancashire;*
England.      : ..-.*■
Sid Horton was' able to resume his
, old occupation in the store, this week,
i arid in consequence J. Maddison has
returned to his old firm, P. Burns &
company. ■•*-."•
-We are very pleased to see that .our
old friend W.. H. Evans is able to
resume his old place as checkwelgh-
man, but regret to report that he does
*• not appear to be regaining hia
strength as .quickly as his friends
-would wish.: ■ ,-...*
j The contingent 'from/ here' who at-
acknowledging receipt of the last
draft, the mayor of Whitehaven says.
"It" is Yery gratifying to know that
Cumbrians so far away have responded so generously and I „ shall 'be
pleased if you would kindly make
known to them how grateful we are
for their timely support."
";The_ local committee take this opportunity of also thanking every subscriber for bringing this fund to such
a splendid realization.-, ...-*..
•_ Tommy Wilson Is laid • up At- present with' a severe attack" of the
grippe.- .        '
* A social and concert will be held
here on the 22nd, under the auspices
of the members of the *- Methodist
church. Tickets.25 cents.
■*, Sudden -Death.
, Late. on Wednesday night after a
brief period of- indisposition Mrs.
Sarah'Ann Evans living at house 118
succumbed to heart * failure before
medical assistance, which had been
responded to . immediately, * arrived
upon.the scene. -.      -....■ •   ».
f^ The deceased lady who had been
pursuing her duties during the day
had "remarked that she was not feeling up to standard but neither she
nor- those to whom she spoke ,cori-
slde'red It as" being ■ anything -but
transitory. The case" is made .particularly sad because of the large
fpmlly of five, together with the
husband, William (better known, as*
Cumberland Billy Evans, to distinguish from the Welshman of the
same, name- to mourn-the loss/of a
mother-and wife.
Mrs." Evans, although a very busy
woman, always had a cheery word and
was ever ready to lend a helping hand
to any of her^- .neighbors and the
sympathy "'of the,,, camp goes (jut to
the bereaved ones.      '    o
*■ '- '"'   '■-"*-■-•     - ■{;.-*' _*•-.
♦ - ,      ♦
♦_           COLEMAN BY 22. ♦
♦ .....,-'. ♦
'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦"«► •#■ ♦ ♦'♦."♦ *♦'
♦ ♦♦♦■_>♦<
♦ ' ♦
•**!>                STAY AWAY. _ ♦
♦ -—-.i ***
<> Notice'-ta -All* Min* Warktra. ♦
♦ ,♦ ♦ '♦"-♦• ♦ ♦<©>♦♦♦♦
♦ '   - ♦
♦ HOSMER  NOTES.       -   ♦
♦ ,'     ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦<.♦♦<* ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
"p'fess  their pleasure at listening ,to
this well-trained musical body.
-Dr. Workman, who-has been attending' to his professional duties with
difficulty owing •" to ,.a . fusty ...nail
piercing his foot, is now able to .walk
around and" has dispensed" with horse
and buggy.   ,
- _3dwin* Thompson, a. young Scotchman who came back here a few
months ago ffom'the"did .and,"was
admitted to the" Fernie hospital on
Wednesday, suffering with appendicitis
liiid his condition at present Is' very
serious, hs ho" liad'postponed' the
operation to^o long.. ...   ,
Robert Fnlrciough'. has - been' appointed a J. P.--.-This Is, ono of-those
instance*-*, where! "Everything ; comes
to him who waits-."*nnd works for th'o
right omployor.
■The commlttqe of "The Wellington*'
mlno, (England), Disaster Fund,have
pleasure in* submitting tho . following
* financial statomont to tho subscribers:
Coal Crook payroll $279.50
Mlchol payroll A....*-281.00
Cash subscription  .,  1111.00
Collodion to defray oxpoiiRCf..-   5.25
f - .  . $08-1.75
Collecting books   $   2,25
Stationery,* postngo, nows-
,-pupora, oto      2.25
Refunds      0.00
% 10,50
Amount sont to mayor's fund 07-1.25
Examined and found correct,
' (Slgnort.     ,T. COMUH, Soc.-Troati.
(Slgnod)   J. Shanks,
\V. WIlBon..
In a lottor datod October 25th| 1010,
President Powell, Secretary Carter
and International Board Member
Garner .were In Hosmer last weekend ' negotiating with the company in
regard -to contract for No. 2 seam.
A special meeting was subsequently
held-at the opera-house Sunday, when
proposed contract. ,The meeting ended by the question being referred to
a ballot. Board Member Garner also
explained the strike situation in the
various.'dlstrictB' In* *■ the ""states, and
the consequent • levys. to the' entire
satisfaction of;the meeting.- " ...7_
Archie Gordon, well-known in the
mining camps of the Pass, left for a
holiday in Scotland by Saturday eve-,
nlng's train. -■.>»...
Dave Boothwlck Is back from the
homestead. He reports lots of gophers
but a scarcity of greenbacks.
'''''"Wo-.inilerstiina'-'tha. -"'Coleman" In*
their anxiety to have Hosmer represented at the football league meeting Saturday kindly and considerately appointed a representative for us
or at least ono of their-players did.
Wo wonder* why? Frank's representative may be able to answer.
A "blind pig" was, unearthed over
ln Ho'smer's Jungle town by, the coko
ovens, .which resulted in a Russian
bolng elected to pay the sum of $300
and costs. Fernando doesn't ses tho
joke yet.
_ Clarks .moving picture shows company Is working over tlmo theso days
having to- utilize Sunday to satisfy
tho pleasure loving pooplo of Hosmer.
However, It Is only fair to say. thoir
.nudlonco conslslod of mon and*boys
■ Inspector Strachan Is malting his,
usual Inspection of tho mines this
A bunch of Ilosmor footbnll on-
thuslnsts vlsltod Fornio for tlio final
of tho Mutz cup and roport a lucky
Coloman victory. Goorgo McQuoon
was In tho Coloman tonm, so wo shall
bo ablo to gazo upon tlio mortnlfi, nt
loast ono ; ot thom.
"Along the Konnohoc," a down oast
romnnco was. playod to a good audi*
onco Inst Thursday, Wo hoard somo
Cocknoya Bnylng they'd seen a bottor
hIiow In London, -
\ It:-was ..a-great game..well contested
and Coleman won. The Mutz cup Is
a beautiful trophy. The Cranbrook
backs put up a magnificent defense
and Harrison is a tower of endurance.
Coleman, 1; Cranbrook, O.-**- ., <
Sherwood and Crawford, proprietors
of the-Coleman butcher store, report
that their- patronage is increasing and
as they are able to* obtain .their supplies in the "neighborhood it is in far
better condition than -if shipped over
the railroad.    , ■*
-  Harry Gates and Jack Gibson have
gone to Burmis to .work and Harry
will no*-doubt be after the new places.
Talk about your Socialist increased
vote, in the.-Unit'ed States. We in Cole-,
man are also gaining strength' day by
day.    The  latest addition made his
appearance at the home of our Secretary David Hislop.*,;Mother and son
are. getting along as'well as'can be
expected'under.the circumstance's. "..'
We regret that we do not possess
the descriptive powers of a_-Scott or
Dickens and if we did somebody might
exclaim Great Scottf-what'the Dickens
are* you driving at?].  It. is    a    momentous  event 'arid  one that  needs
the pen of ^a novelist to pay justice
to,'but as we are.not gifted that way
our, puny, efforts,will have to suffice
and the word taken for the deed. The
old-timers  of the  Crow's - Nest Pass
have experienced many surprises in
the days gone, by but,doubt if they
ever had a greater, than the one received when they learned' that Percy
Porter of 'the Grand Union, had.- decided to desert, the -ranks. of -single
blessedness and-"take unto himself a
life partner..  It was In the glorious
summer time when all nature Is filled
with  joyous  life  and  Percy  blesses
the day that A. P. bought that valuable steed "whose   faithful services
have been duly requited by an opportunity to* gambol at his .own, sweet
will and pleasure in green pastures.
We know  that  in  wishing  him  and
his better half all the joys and pleasures obtainable on this earth .that we
voice" the sentiments, of all with whom-
he was acquainted and their name is
♦'"*.* All miners are- requested to ♦
♦ stay'away from-'Irwin, Madison, ♦
♦ Greensburg, Latrobe and other ♦
♦ mining towns In Westmoreland ♦
♦ county, where a strike has been ♦
♦ in effect since April 1, 1910, the ♦
♦ coal companies having refused ♦
♦ to recognize   the    miners' or- ♦
♦ ganlzatioh oi* enter Into a work- ♦
♦ ing agreement.   Agents of the ♦
♦ coal corporations are shipping ♦
♦ men from various parts of the ♦
♦ country to take the place of the ♦
♦ strikers by misrepresenting the ♦
♦ true condition of affairs. ♦
♦ FRANCIS' FEEHAN,        ♦
<£> President.   ♦
4**.                              See'y-Treas. ♦
♦ *      ♦
J. Sargemt has now assumed the
duties of his office as .clerk of the
council and constable and we trust
that ln the latter capacity at least he
will'find' them .very light, and have
every reason they. ,will - be * as the
mounted * police can testify. *-'
Town Council-*'Meeting.--'°-
OV Tuesday last at 7:30 the mayor
and council assembled ln their chambers, the only absentee being J. O. C.
McDonald.''      *-.,..-.    .
With reference to the road through
the bluff it was moved and seconded
be accepted arid that that"* portion of
tho ralifoa'd track which' they aro not
using bo" leased for a "term of five
years." This will make It convenient
for tlie residents of- West Coleman.
The need for extra lights was dis--
cussed at length,* The several points
are in Second street near the hospital,
in tho vicinity of the blacksmith's
shop, as well as on the hill at tho
end of Fifth street. It was decided
that those should bo installed,
Tlio mattor ot lho nuilding or a
bridge at tho wost end wns deferred
until spring* and It wns docldod that
a cement' and stone structure would
bo preferable to wood cribbing.
It was also movod and seconded that
a foot trail bo mado In Third, street
up lho hill.
Tho by-laws woro road for tho
third tlmo and woro regularly adopted.
Tho regulations relative to tho constablo como up for thoir third road-
Ing and aftor considerable dlscusBlon
and somo amendments lt was movod
and socondod that thoy bocomo offoctlvo,  .
Tlio quostion of tlin ronstnictlon of
n suitable Jail was brought up. Bylaw No, 3, relating to licenses of tho
town cnmo up for first reading,
If ratopnyor who wroto tho Colomnn
Minor and his lottors nppoar In tho
Ibhuo of tho 12th hnd Journeyed Inst
Saturday to Fornio with tho local football tonm ho might hnvo chnngod his
vlows rognrdlng tho qiiOHtloiiH lio nulls
nbout tlio now council, nnd would f-uig*
gost thnt porhaps attnndanco nt, somo
nr thoir meotlngH might fnrnlHh him
willi the iii'odnd pnllghtonmont.
A_ "No written orders, but I have
warned the men against going back
after firing.".  ...
Q. .".Did you'know these men personally?"
.   A.   "Yes."
Q. "Have you any reason to believe this man was physically unfit?"
A. "No, I never examined the man,
but he seemed-to be short of breath."
Q. • "IfVhat was his age?'
A.   "It would be about 50.
Q. /"Is.it a common occurence for
men to be knocked'out .by powder
smoke?"*'     *-'   '  ■
,A:  "Not lately.'. ■
Q„ "Is. the fan. large enough for a
mine bf that size?"
A. - "Yes." -' '" .
:. • Questioned by the Inspector.
Q.   "In your, judgment,'  do    you
think the holes were properly planted?"*  ,,    .,   y
".A. .-"No." .'7-;*;T
Q.   "If'the holes] are not properly
-__..__+_. •__*!.,.,._ «,|l._l_l_^TW_-/_!,t 9!__ ■ ■
A.   "Not always."
Q.   "If a hole has' too much to do,
what then?"
A.   "Incomplete combustion."
Q. -"If there  Ib ^.Incomplete cbm-
A.   "One hundred cubic   feet   per
Q.   "How long was the auger the
man was using?" '
-A/ "It would,, drill six, feet."   •*-•-•
'.,. Q.   "Is it practice to run a brattice
closer than'12 feet from the face?"
.   A.   "No." • •   „ ■
Q.   "The    brattice - was    in    fair
*•   A.   "Yes, tt was."
Q.   "Was there a fair amount of
air in the .angles on the day of the
A.   "Yes."
Questioned  by Jurymen.
Q.   "Where was the balance of the
air going?"
A.   "There,   is   more or less leakage."
Questioned by J. O. Jones.
Q.   "In how  many places - do you
get your air readings?"
A.   "In two or three."
Q.   "Do you consider   it   safe   to
shoot in the solid in a gaseous mine?"
A.   "If I  had the running of the
mine myself I would not-* allow' shooting."
Martin Lampa recalled.
' Questioned by J. O. Jones.
Q.   "Are you going to Work here
A.'."No, the mine is too smoky."
Q.   "How. many years    experience
.have you in the* mines?"
A.   "Four* years.'
Q.   "Did you ever work on the afternoon shift?"
A.' "Not in Blairmore."
Q., "Did you ever see    the    fireboss examine the place after firing?"
A.   "No."
Q.   "Are you a healthy man?"
A.   "Yes."
Questioned  by. Jurymen.
Q.   "Did your partner   ever   complain from shortness of breath?"
A. :"No.".      ' '_.__,.
Questioned-by  Mr.  Green.
,Q.   "Did you know it was wrong to
go back to the shots?" , -.
A.   "Is lt usual to go back or go
home." _' '  . •
Questioned by J. O. Jones.
Q.   "If  you  saw. a    danger  fence
across the place would you go back."
A.' "No." ,v"
'   Q.   "Was there a fence?"
\ A.   "No." '
This finished the evidence.
i. _    .. -__,___     _ - i _-_
Your Last
I haA^e some splendid pieces
of Fruit Land property located on Arrow Lakes, to
sell at prices far below the
normal. If you are iii the
market   to   buy   write to
bustlon,*. are the gases' different from
what they are* If there is- complete
combustion?"   '       ' ' ;
A.   "Yes, they are.". "      ':"
Q.   "How far up is that place?"  .-
A.   "Twenty-one feet."
Q.   "Was It brattlcedl"
A.   "Yes   it was   bratticed up to
within 10 ,feet of tho face that morn-
Ing.",**' .,- - ..-'?y -,.-.,
.. Questioned by  J..  O. Jones.
Q,. "How many   years   experience
have you as a pit-boss?"
A.   "Twelvo yonrs."
•   Q.   "Did you' qver, see a man die
of, suffocation   from**' six    sticks of
A.   "No."
,,  Q,   "Did you ovor seo   any    men
knocked out "by smoko?"
A.   "Yos, In quartz mlnos."
Q.   "Did you over hire a mnn you
know wns unfit for his work?"
A.   "No." .
' *Q.   "You thought lio wns a capable
A. -."Yes.",   - *,     '
Q.   "Did yon ovor have any complaints from tho mon regarding tlio
A.   "Yes."    ■ ''
Q, "Did you ovor grumble ngninst
a man coming out for bad nlr?"
A, "I havo on several occasions,"
Q. "Do you consider a mino woll
ventilated whoro a man loses his lifo
through suffocation from powder
A. "Tho man, or any mon, ought
to uso a littlo judgment,"
Q. "Whnt would you say In regards
to a mnn bolng knocked out by two
sticks of powilor?"
A. "If ho wnnt back too quick ho
would bo knocked out."
Q.   "Do you think It Is hnd vontilation?"
A.   "No."
Q. "Don't you think that 200 cubic
foot, of nlr lior mintito would clour
out. tlio smolioof two sticks of powder
In loss thnn novon mlniitoii?"
mis on how It wns oon-
1 Tne™*coronerr"xvir;
mlng up said as far as he could see
It ,'was purely accidental death, and
dwelt on the fact that there were
some people always ready to throw the
blame of an accident on some of the
mine officials, and it was the* duty
of the jury,' if they thought it was accidental to say so, and If they thought
there" had been* any violation of the
rules, they were at liberty to add a
rider. But as far: as he could seo it
was purely accidental, the men being
more at fault than anyone else for
going bnck too* quickly aftor firing.
With that tho jury 'retired, Upon returning the following verdict' wnsj
"That the deceased, Martin Rezac,
camo to his death on the afternoon
of Nov. Ilth, 1010, In the Blnirmoro
mine by suffocation by going back to
his work too soon nftor shooting nnd
owing to tho ventilation being poor,
According to tho evidence we, tho
jury, find thnt the flro bosses of the
Blnirmoro*mino hnvo boon cnreloss In
tho porformnnco of their duty, In
tho first plnco allowing holes to be
tnmpod with wot coal dust, In nbsonco
of tho flro bosses, In tho second
placo not examining placos nftor
shooting. Wo reenmment. thnt tho
regulations of tho conl mlno net bo
more strictly .enforced."
Tho jury consisted of .7. Smith
(foroman), D. J. McKinnon, minor; W.
IIowo, minor; ,1, A, McDonald, Insurance ngont; Bert Grnves, chomlst; A.
A. Spnrks, gontlomnn.
Joe Grafton
.     P;O.Box48
-        B. C.
W e b e r' s
Wo havo boon credibly Informed
thnt Ingram's tonsorlnl artlBts are
practising that, old but, ovor now
pathotlc ballad, "Tho Vacant. Clinlr,"
In anticipation of Its rendition whon
tliolr collenguo Joo Vnn Motor returns from his visit to Gront Fulls,
Montana, whoro ho hns boi-n rustical Ing roconlly. '
Ah an oncoro "Wo filinll Meet, hul
Wo Shnll MIhh Hlm" mny ho nlno
New Michel
& Blairmore
tnko  clny    Into
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
Strange incident In Death of Pincher
Creek  Citizen.
PINCMIKU CH-RI5K, Nov. U-~-Tli<'i****
whh ii lnrgo nltoiidniii-o of IiuhIiiohh
mon nnd clll/.i*un from nil runich of
lifo nt tho fmiornl of the Into G, N.
„. .r>!
Li-iim im . ..intu.t, tn.i-.ti.iu... *..■■
fnnrrnl r.f-vv.c**"-;', vioro onndnrtod nt
tho haxxno nml grnvo by Hov. J, T).
Hull, of Rt. John's church nnd llnv.
It. II, (Jrniit, of Fernio. Tlin lust-
mimed gcutli-Miiii, who wiih an old
frlond of di-ccam-il, spc-ld- lu ouIukIhIIc
K-IIIIH    111        llll*.       iill M-l I IIM I    )l.-l'l'i*IH-    'All-Ill
gotiorouH notions to mnny of hia
frlondB. Tho romnins wi-rn Intom-il
In lho l-.pltsropnl cometory.
A Nomewlint roninrlcnhlo Incident In
ponnortlon Willi Mr, (ionld'H donth
wns dlni-ovorod by thoso taking chnrgo
uf \i\n \,;xwi.\ iuul i_ffi.li".*. 'wlvit they
opemi'd « letter ileccnsod hnd n-colvcil
when flr*:t tabort III nnd for noni^ ron-
ho* had not iiiiido IiImm-U nc-'-unlrit'-il
with Its ronton!-**, Tho Mtor In qiiOR*
tlon wan tmm Kiifiland and hor* Urn-
tlmony thnt. ■Wonm-il wnH holr to «-on*
•lilornblo wealth.
All minors nre rcnuomc-l to nitty
awny from Mlchol, II. V,„ until further potfro %.* Dma nro nwny unnhh*
lo olnaln work thnro.
MAHRttR nUIlItEU,, So*:.
A.   "It* di*|
duct od,"
.  Q.   "Do }'
A.   "Yob,"
Q. "WoiiM you allow flro Iiohhi-k* .
to fironhotfl liiiiipi'd wllh conl tluni?":
A.   "No,"
Q.   "Did yon know thnt your flro-,
lio_uu.*-*i w-.-ro fifing ■■liof-s tumpoil with
conl diiHt?" ■
A.   "Mi.
,\, "JJ/u* iln VOV Viiiiv.' thf-vc- .i'i*
..Iiotn fln-d In lho plllnrs. Thoro nn>
nono to my knowledge."
Q.   "Whnt would you   do   if   you
found your tiro V-ohhoh did not nxnmlno
tho itlnevn nftor firing?"
A,   "I  itI'IM* in niiHWi-r any  iiim -,
Questioned by Mr. Green, the  Mir".
Q.   "Wlion H, Turner wnn kno-l-i '
nut.  wiih 11 In-fore  or nftor tho  !'.
Hinllutlon of 1 lio tww fnn?"
A,       I'.l-fOM-,"
Q.   "I« tlm mlno much bettor vow
\ ilUi:*!   UllW."
A.    'Yen,"
O.   "Md you menfuro 26,000 <-n'.w-
fc-i-i nf nir f-r-.ng In lho -mlno*?'*
A.   "Yon,"
•f),   "!__ tl*,M. fiTM-M-M  i.   *lr  l-fri***-. •
1,-htflv rrlliiilnrv »" Dw nnfflos?"'
A.    "No, ntiOUt  hull."
("J.   "How ninny nun  nro  n-orMmr
rt the* mii-l'-a?"
|    A.   "Almnt 3rt «n «»«l» »!»Hl "
j    <).   "How miifh »lr would thai n-
" i '.ilro."
\J Hit/
MONDAY, NOV. 21st, 1910
ii. ti. 11iirrrii |tii-i'Mi- t niiiinii.**.
Kon-iiiosl Actor
Harold Nelson
nml .t-.Mni.iti* |i|i»yi-i« jl
III   till'   f.M-.lt   t'.lll.-nli.lll    Itl'lllll.-I !
"The Wolf" j
•it i_liiy.il fur •Ivor _ii»iiii-_.lit*«i»i New Vink   j
Plan at Suddaby's.    50c. 7fic, $1
?,-Ni_fhts  Onlv-2
Wednesday and  Thursday
Tlin (.ii-iii  Iti'.'iiiuitii* Kvi'iit ul" tin'eiilin1 hmmiii
Mr. Sanford Dodge
Supported by Miss Adollo Nickerson
nud nn i-vci-ll'-nt ninip'inv |iii>-iMillil|f I'lulMiral.- m-ciiIi-
|i|-.*-li_rlii>ii-.o_ tin' Kir-ll'-l ul nil itiiilimtl'* Hiiihl'-Ipi' "
"The Three Musketeers"
(Wi-ilni— il-iJ*, N"v. tEtril)
iTIiur-iil.-iv, Stiv: 'Jtlh
Plan at Suddabys   Reserves Seats, 75o  k $1
(fi'iii-iiil Ailiiu»-i'iii :+t? PAGE SEX
Amertcanvs. European Coal Mines
and. Their Methods
A Discussion of Foreign Miring Methods and
Conditions.   The Several Points of Difference
Written for Mines and Minerals, by
Henry M., Payne.
During the past three years ti number of the officials bf the largest eoal
mining operations in the United States
have visited lhe "mining districts of
Europe, and a diversity of opinions
, -and a multiplicity of suggested reforms have been ihe result.
The writer spent the* summer of
1909 in ihe principal mining districts
of Rnghmd, Wales. Belgium, Ge.inany
and. Franco, devoting his time to thc
study of the eoal mining industry in
these oountr'.es, and its aspect, not
only from thc standpoint of economic
labor and general industrial conditions
but al-eo with regard to cost data,
power equipment, methods of prospecting and development, systems of
mining instruction, in the universities
technical ami mining schools, the government testing stations 'and coal
mines regulations, and a careful compilation of such facts as would make1
possible a valid comparison, as indicated in the title of this discussion.
Ono important condition to be clearly, understood, is the short haul everywhere In Europe. For-instance, from
Yorkshire to Shropshire in the
North of England, or form the famous Rhonddha and Taff valleys, in
Wales,.,is less,, than 200 miles from
London, while much of the product
of those fields goes to .Liverpool and
Cardiff for sea trade, a distance of
less than 50 miles. In Belgium,
scarcely any of the' coal travels 50
miles from the mines.' In Germany
the greater part is coked at the
plant, and in France the entire output is consumed within 200 miles ,of
its origin. On "this account', small
cars, a plentiful car supply, and limited freight rates (in * Belgium and
Germany over government controlled
railroads) all render simple, our
American problem of the expeditious
disposition of the product.
Another matter -which attracts the
attention of the American abroad, is
the character of the labor. ' There,
mining is a trade,'almost a profession, and descends from father to
son. Tlio mining schools in many
sections are supported by a pro rata
tax on the output, by the .coal companies direct, and the sons of tlieir
employes are entitled to.free tuition.
Returning after this course, the son
becomes his father's helper,- and
eventually his successor. cIt was
stated on more than ono occasion
that the good mlners_aro so well naid
, and so satisfied that they stay at
home, and that wiih very few-exceptions,   the    foreign    labor    which
comes Jo the United Slates is in no
sense  comparable  to  the  real  miner
in his home country.
Again, ihe coal, both in its nature
n-uJ geological formation, is ln  mnny
cases so different from ours, as lo
render a comparison of methods or
conditions, impossible or unjust. In
Belgium aud Northern France especially, soams of eoal less' than two
feot in thickness, are mined at great
depths, wiih dips exceeding GO degress -.and largo qunntttles of gas to
contend with.
* II is true, that because of the superior personnel of tho minors abroad
living conditions among them nre materially superior lo American mining
towns. The miner's' houses, notnbly
at, Hronds worth, England; Gelson-
kirc-hen, .Germany; Hois du Luc, a
Trlviores, liolgluin; and Lens, Franco,
are neat, clean, comfortable, brick nnd
stone houses. Thoro are thrlfly'gardens, cushion, public: playgrounds,
schools, churches, and hospitals, for
iho use of the miners and tliolr
Tn num up general' Impressions,
I'lnghiud nnd Wah-H stand pre-eminent
for underground .lolni) and pnrfec-
Hon of (-ouslrui-lliiii; l.r.-lgluin for Hh
hospital nnd rescue t-'inlpiiiiMit, mid
Hie ili'iicM which tend toward tlio
pi'i-Horviiilou and coiiii'iirt of liiiinnn
life; Orniiiny for Ils !iiii-.ii!|*|<*'-iit]y
r-rpilppcd mining plants nnd powor
hoin.es. and Its wholesale nt tempts to
keep down ankylostomiasis by elnho-
rale baths for (lie minors emerging
from tlm pit; and Franco for Its
fin'*!-;--, !n laboratory roscardi, chemi
cal and electrical experiments. It
should not be inferred from this that
any of these countries are lacking in
other material matters, for in Germany, at the " Shamrock mines, in
llernie, is one of the most complete
rescue stations ih the world, and the
mines at Gelsenkirchcn have been described for" their elaborate equipment;
but these conclusions are merely indicative of national  type.
Belgium, as a country, occupies a
unique position.,, For its size it is
the most densely populated country
in Europe (being double that of
England'),'and in, no other country in
the world is the national wealth so
evenly and widely distributed. There
are neither millionaires nor paupers
in Belgium, living is extremely cheap,
and wages higher than anywhere else
in Europe.
A movement now very general in
France is'the mutual aid society, by
whicli schools are conducted, the sick'
are nursed, land and houses purchased, and built, by the miner. These
societies are on the order of American building and loan associations.
In Germany die miner contributes a
small amount per week from his
wages, toward a general fund, from
which", in case of accident, sickness,
or death, he draws .benefits augmented by duplicate payments by the
company itself.
The English "model village" of
Broads worth, located about six miles
from .Doiicaster, is extremely interesting. Hero there is the co-operative
store, the model tenements, the public lyceiim, thc athletic field, churches
schools, a -hospital,' and a fine, manly,
intelligent--and thrifty lot of miners,
interested in self-betterment by means
of lecture courses and night, schools.
Without fear of contradiction, it
may be said that Americans do not
kiVbw,, what a dusty mine is, until
they havo visited the deep, thin-seam
mines in Belgium, and Pas-de-Calais
district in Franec. Here the coal is
such tbat the air,is continually filled
with Ihe dust, and may be likened
to a whirling blizzard in which coal
dust takes the place of snow,, and in
which the temperature varies from 85
degree Faroinhoit to 113 degree. The
v'sitor is invariably supplied with a
skill-tight skull cap whicli fits on
under the leather mine hat, to fieep
the dust-out of the hair, and this
dust decomposes so rapidly that the
clothing'worn in the mine must bo
washed  af  frequent   intervals  nn__ir__
count of the fearful odor.
Under these conditions, with thin
coal, aiid the dip so sleep that room-
nnd-pillar work or longwall arc impossible; whore ascensional ventilation
from level to level, through long and
tortuous working is necessary, and
where the amount of gas exceeds that
found in any of our American mines,
.t is obvious that .comparisons are
On the other hand, in somo parts
of Germany, tho mines are developed
so -nearly liko those in America, .that,
only  the  vast  amount of tlmboring,
or (ho amplified systems of rope or
gasoline haulage, excite our interest.
In  some  parts    of    England    and
Wales, the coal i.s very friable, and in
non-coking    districts    Die    slack    Is
wasle,   so  that   tho  longwall  system
is extensively followed, in order that
the   roof   pressure   may   be   utlllzod,
The   minor  lays   tho  lumps. of  coal
by hand Into his "curling box," a sort
of sheet-Iron scoop, wllh sldo handles,
and  then carefully empties this into
Hie   curt,   tn   avoid   breakage.    The
purposo    of    tho    scoop-shape  Is  lo
enable:   hlm   in  use   it   for   throwing
I lie slack hade Into tho gob pile,    In
such mines as Iheso, the percunuigo
of waste exceeds that in this country.
In (ho mutter of haulage, nnd loading Hie oiitpui.'ilioi'o is no doubt thnt
American   mines  tnko   lho  lend,  but
for the amount of coal which Ihey put.
out, nnd wllh the fin'IHllc-H for bundling li, women and girls doing much
of llio tipple work on tlio continent,
tlii'^ Europonii equipment is ample.
The nvoi-ngo minor Is consldored to
liave dom- well If in, koikIh out one
1011 •■ dny, or about, ono-thlrd tho
American nverugu,
By-product coke ovens are practically the only oven in use. Many
plants operate a brick-yard in connection with the mining and by-product
The matter of organization in the
executive department abroad is excellent, because tbe miners have lived
all their lives in that one district,
speak the same dialect; and have
grown up under the system".
Summed up, it would appear that In
Europe, the matte-, "of timbering is
carried almost to' an*,, extreme, while
the ventilation and roadways are poor
resulting in reduced output and* increased cost of operation., The social*
conditions are uniformly excellent,
and the installation of a mining plant
is a matter of permanent investment,
lo be handed down to posterity. Great
attention is paid to the gas, dust,
safety lamp, arid explosives proposition, and the drilling of corps of men
for work with rescue apparatus and
1n fighting mino fires.
■But in America, there are, speaking as a whole, larger mines, enormously increased output, longer hauls
both in the mines and to the riiar-
ket; a very complex labor problem,
involving -wages, languages, social
conditions and the general question
of efficiency; competition to be mot
in the selling of the product; Industrial conditions to be complied with
in its preparation;',and greatest of all,
a series of new*: conditions constantly
arising, and presenting hitherto unsolved,' problems, involving the production of a maximum output at a
minimum outlay, coupled with the
preservation of human life, and- the
conservation of mineral resources.
It may"" perhaps have been true, a
few years past, that in unwonted development, thirst ' for mineral commercial supremacy,-and lack of: research along these.'li'nes, the American mines were, for a time not so
completely safeguarded against - loss"
of life as European, nor was such
prevention wholly possible until a
sufficient period had elapsed in mining development, lo learn the individual equation controlling .mines
and differentiating them from -the
older collieries of Europe (and even
in the past, while the death rate per
thousand* men employed,, has,,,, been
high, the rate per ton of coal mined
-.as compared favorably with" the
world. And it. should be home in
mind  that there have    been    recent'
of    considerable
(Iisasfors"   abroad,,
With the testing station at Pltts-
,hurg; with the* rescue stations in existence and those soon to be established; with* the individual research
now being carried on b>7 large coal
companies and- mining schools; unit
with the earnest desire of the American coal operai ors and the American
people lo safeguard human life, it
may safely be said that American
mines' compare favorably with any
other coal mines in the world.
During the campaign of 1900 Chas.
Henry Addlepate, a vigorous^ progressive young, man ' of 35, heard
Eugene V. Debs speak inv Cooper
Union. .He was much impressed. - In
fact, he admitted that most of what
Debs; said was true, But Charles
Henry had a good job and was looking forward to the' time when he
could get money, enough together to
own a house in Jersey or Long Island or up in ..the Bronx.    :
Besides, he figured that,, anyway,
Debs wouldn't be elected and if there
was one thing more than another
Charles Henry hated it was to waste
his vote.
"• You couldn't get him to waste "his'
vote.   ■ '■*•'"'.
You couldn't convince" him that' he
should waste his vote.
He felt that voting for himself and
his class .would he wasting his' vote,
So he voted for Bryan, and didn't get
him, for several .hundred thousand
other persons who wouldn't waste
their votes voted ror McKinley and
Roosevelt and got them. .That Is all
they did get. ,, '   '
Four years later Charles Henry,
still a vogorous, robust man of 39,
but not quite as spry at his work
as he was in-1900 and no longer looking to own his .own*- home, for sickness' in the family had absorbed all
his savings, still felt it-would be .a
crime to waste his vote. He had not
wasted one during the intervening
four years, but had ' regularly voted
for something or some one he did not
want. But. now he felt that if Theodore could only get in, hammer .the
trusts, smash" the malefactors of great
wealth and otherwise stir things up
business would .be , better, wages
would.be higher and rents, which
were then merrily-soaring, might come
down somewhat. There were" plenty
of his mind, and they, did not waste
their votes and they. got Theodore,
king of the panic presidents." For his
reign ended in the glorious slump
and disaster of 1907 a slump that has
.lasted until this day.   ■* -   ■
But in 1907 Charles Henry was resolved to do something. He found
that he was being elbowed out of"his
job. Younger "men.'quicker men, better * men were pressing in on him.
But he concluded that what was making his job so shaky was the combinations of big capital. Theodore had
hinted to that, effect and other men
saw, it. He had a leaning toward-
Debs, bu would" Debs do anything to'
the combinations, of big- capital?
Would he put them on the. blink as
Mr. William Jennings Bryan promised
to do, if elected?   He might do more,"
John T. Green Enters Action Against
Edmonton Iron Works for Compensation for Injury-to Arm—Edrnoncl
Plon ,a Carpenter, Awarded $10 Per
Week for Loss of Sight of One Eye.
Under the Workmen's Compensation
Act, John T. Green has entered n
clnlm ngninst. tho Edmonton Iron
Works for compensation for Injuries
received Juno 29th last, and the arbitration of tho enso will i'>o held
before Ills Honor Judgo Tnylor tills
AreYbu Going to Build?
I i-vai u tito i rue economy
In Roofing and Building Paper*
»«,..;;.-*rV'Ji.X;'lUr !.XriL, tlliZjilililii'^ ^"UnMav^uindtt*
•tructiiref, -wlit-rc low cml roofing It rr<-ulrrd.
mn„ umi mill (mother for sttmlkr
Bird NeponscT Product«
A.ut.'"",,tX, •V"-'****- IWtni;  1'i.r |<__.
&«__'" i**11""'._    ,.\"1,1"*«» ".Miring on
arllilk ritofinjr ami HiUng.
Him?»acrr*tM R<»rir.«7i\.i ...a*.
»n<J fliUi <,( fhr,n, iiidiittrlttl wid r_illr..ii_.
NtMHBiT WxcrprMfDull-JInf Pipiri
Ki-npri out i-olil, dampncM and ilrmightl,
Snvtt ,<■*/ Ihir.l t/it/K/l Ull rrtry iitnlrr.
I'or poultry building, brooder  Iiouh-i,
M-fJi. ttitljitmyatiiiy bullding-i, N*p_»M*l
Nd-ONMT fUHm Sou.J D.«.U»liiff
Fill i I'nr um in rrilrlrticii, under dixit*.
btiwrrn ja.(ilium, *ui ua6-.rift.i__l roofi.
_tl.-u.li-t.-ly military.
R•_. Dap* Roorini ic uiu-i-mtUd.
aiwu IM ,•_ll?_Lh_II!!!S__,•i/_lrt!B_.*.",J, &"** M"'* •ti*'t>o««I *>f mny «rj« tliftt UbuIMInf/or r«t4ilrl_ir.
una ui fall pun.in.l_* ■__-.*. m* wtii »l_4l. »»r. r*_ *>(_._.«_.».,.«_,**f r*i^*Mw.i**v*fajq£SifiZ
llltil KiptwMt dMht-t tmrywUr*. If jaa i* not know tb* on* tn yoar a*l*l_t*>r!_oorf, ,., bi.
F. W. BIRD & SON, LottridBe, St., Hamilton, Ontario
•    riUUIikod lTK-Orlftatlm of Compbt* JU*.r R____n_i„ ind Wit-*pM»f flntMIng p»{,r      I
*vtmionau*».i,a.nr*.i    HOMTim    irw>T»,»j,,iMtr.i«i_r.,i   Tin-Mom,»a
WuMngtMi CU**ta t*HU*4.0t*.       Wt
tut WiliM-to, Uu*.
Tho nppllcnnt, J, T. .Oreon, wno in-
Juroil whilo working nt n punching
mncliino ln tho foundry of tho Iron
Works. Ills unii wan ciiitght. In Mio
mnchlno nml n lnrgo nmount of flnsh
wiih torn nwny, Injuring tho bono nlso
and cniiBlng n growth on tho bone,
poriiinnonlly Injuring Mio nrm. From
llio date of tho.fiecliUuit until Augimt
fitli tho nppllennl. wns disabled, Tlio.
iicctldnnt, It, In clnlmod, wnn duo to tho
noii-rnpnli' of tho crimo nnd llio wnnt
of nn iiHHlHlnnt In (ripping tho mn.
chlno wlillo holding Iron.
Al. tho tlmo of tho ncolilonl, Iho tip-
plieiint. wnn enrnlng iin <-r*iit.H per hour
for nlno Iioiich a dny, nnd slnco thnt.
tlmo hnn been able to enrn hul 20
contH per hour, Mo clnlniH conipon*
Hiitlnn fiom July 1,'lfli io AtigiiHt 7(h
nl n niln of $!i.:io |„-|. wiM-lc nnd nCier
AugiiKl 7lh imd iih perrnnnent com.
peiimillon $!) p..-* woolf, ,m,|] |h(1 „,.,„
Ih ro.slnt'iMl, or null) tlm limit of }|n-
billty c.l,Miti) Ih n-i*(_|iml,
Kilininul   IMon,    nf    11 III  Hyudlcnte
iivciiiin who mirror-ill  tho lonn or an
oyo ilii-(>ii|<.|i nu iicelilenl which hot oil
iblni while fiigngeil iih ji ■'iirpi'iili.i' nu
Hn-  building of tlin  grand  mnml  nl
Uio new exhibition grounilK, Iiiih been
UTiinlnil   com pon Kin Inn   fm-  thr-  u,..,|.-,i
| of illHiiblllly at  (Iui rnin of $i'n per
I .-.'1'i'v uiun.ii* uu* ^urkinuii'H l-'ompi-n-
mi lion Act,
The (it-bit nit Ion was lu.-anl hy Hin
Honor Judge  Noel  on  Oclobor itflh.
j Tho ncolilonl nt-nii-rod ou Augimt ?|,
'"'■''•'        '*     •<      i',',1',1      iuul      ln-l-li
omployed for six \vi*ekn by .InmoH A.
fllixlHinltli, tho contractor eroctlng
tlio grnnd hIjiikI. pion wiih lining n
luiiiinior when n ploco of ntcol flow
off nml Htriiek hlm lu thn left oyi», entirely ilPBiroyliiK tin. night nlnco tho
■ii-rldeii* nod up fill (hi*, date of h.-ai-
Iiik of tho nrlilt trot lon ho .mil boon
Iwiipni-llfitr-'l for woi-V. (fir* Wf-e|cly
wngp nt thi" tlrno of the ii.-.-ldcii't jm,|
uveritKfMl |20,SS. f'hilni wnn entered
for romp.-mintlon nt tho int.. of HOII
weekly from Augiiht *»|Ht' tliirlrif*-* iho
period of liirnpncliy.
His Honor Judge Xoel hns insuod
an ordor thnt tho r.^pouduut Jiu. A„
Goldsmith pay to tlm nppoJInnt, IMon
n wookly mini nf $10 ror tbo pernoiin.
Injury Miitalucil, until such tlmo nn
lion la abln to rewimo work.—Edmonton nullctln.
bo. elected. So '■- it would . only be
wasting a vote to cast it for him.
And Charles Henry did not waste
his, vote. He cast it for the perpetual boy orator of the Platte. He
didn't -get him. Others didn't wish
to waste their vote and _so they cast
ballots enough and received in return the fattest president ' we havo
ever had, William Howard Taft,
chosen by Roosevelt, but elected by
the people.
But It did not satisfy Charles Henry.
Somehow or othor in the recovery, of
business ' ho was rather left out.
Work was not as regular as It' hnd
been, and thoro woro fow ■ weeks ln
which he did not hnve a day or two
in which ho could lonf nnd Invito his
soul, as Walt Whitman love'il to do.
But under present conditions, if you
net In that wny, thoro is so much less
In tho pny onvolopo nt tho end of tho
wcok Mint lho lniidloril grown peevish, nnd your wife comes bnck from
lho grocer or butcher with loss thnn
onough to go nround eomfortnbly.
Chnrlos Honry wished fervently
thnt tho Soclnllsts-would get In power," but ho did not wish to .wnsto. IiIb
vote by* cnsting It-for thom. Not ho.
Ho wouldn't wnsto Mint voto for tho
world. Ilo preferred to glvo It to
somo ono who could mnko good uso
of It/ so ho always gnvo Jt lo an
enemy of his clnsR.
'Lust, yonr ho gnvo It to Honrsl, but
Ilenrst wns dofenlod."
TIiIh yonr Chnrlos Honry, now nn
old mnn'1 of -IR, Is thinking. But ho
Hf111 hnles to wnsto his' volo. His
wlfo doos not euro. Whnt worrlos
her Is thnl Chnrlos Henry hns not
stoiidy work, Tho lnndlord, hutchor,
llio bnkor, tho clothier nnd groom-
hnvo stonily worlc mnrltlng up tho
cost of living. Still In npllo of lnelc
of work, In spllo of (ho fact thnl, ho
Is old boforo his tlmo through utrnln,
pnrtly, hut numtly through worry,'In
Hpilo of lho liieronflod cost of living,
ChnrlOH Honry rofimod to wnslo bin
voto, ITo wonders, ir II wouldn't bo
hoHt. tn cunt It ror BtlniHon. Ho
might do Hoiiioililug; or for HIx,
In* might do Hnmoihlng, or for--
Well, nol for llio SnclnllHtu, Ilo
bfllovoH In Soclnlism, hut tho tlmo
nln'l   ripe,  nnd   he  dnomi't   wnnt   to
Wll Hl.O—   ■
Hut tlm timo is pretiy nonr rlpo
for lilm lo go lo llio poorhoiiflo, ovon
though Tor 10 yenni lie Iiiih KlrcnuoiiH*
ly rcriim.'d to wimio his vole.—New
York Cnll,
W. 7Ur?"! R-M'way Commission to Re-
View, the Tariff—Dealers Not to     .
'y'''•-  Blame for High Prices.
Considerable. interest .Is evidenced
by the householders of Nelson in the
move made on Thursday" night by the
board of trade,. in the direction of
securing a reduction. in the freight
tariff on coal. .The matter is now in
the hands of the joiht freight rate
committee made up of the original
committee io watch the freight rates
with" reference to the Spokane basis,
consisting of W: . H. Jones, "W. G.
Thomson and W. J.. Meagher, and
the committee originally appointed to
act in the crisis caused by the application of Vancouver. for a special
reduction in through rates for the
coast consisting of T. D. Shark. It; L.
Brown and H.* Amas. Mr. Stark is
chairman of ,tho joint committee
which will take up tho matter with
the railway-commission.
As pointed out at tho board of
trade meeting, the railway commission, in response to a complaint by
the coal town of Lundbreck, on thc
Alberta side of the Crow's Nest Pass,
that the rale from Lundbreck, was
too high in comparison with tlie rate
from Lethbridge, recei}*}y lowered the
Lundbreck rate five, cents'and raised
the. Lethbridge rate 20'cents, .in respect to "Nelson. Inasmuch as Lethbridge is the head quarters ,,of the domestic coal supply at present for the
Kootenay, this increase works out as
a direct tax. '„ .*■
What the'Coal Costs. .*
■ According to figures supplied by -F.
A. Starkey, president* of the board- of
trade, it would not be reasonable to,
expect the Nelson, dealers to charge
less than they are charging at present, so long as this higher rates remains in force, but it,is understood
that a reduced rate would be followed
by a reduction in the retail prices.
Gait coal costs .the. dealers $3.55 at
the mine and adding $3.10 freight and
35 cents for hauling, the factual cost
at the bunkers af'Nelson' is $7 per
ton. • Retailed in less than carload
lots at ?S,25 per "ton deliyered," there
is a margin of $1.25, out of which
comes .he cost of delivery and the
profit.* In the caso of coal-from-the
Ashcroft mine'at Lethbridge, the original cost is $3.75. per ton and the
other .charges.'being, the"same, tho
dealer has , $]-.05 •; for ..delivery and
profit, when-retailing'it at the" same
price as-~the Gait.- -.Coal-from-Baiilt.
head, on the main "line, in Alberta
foothills)-retails here for.$10.50.   But
At **n_lc__n *■ 41, , __-=-./.____... -_____■ :-__
 vuoia^a-ure-ij-jintj-jio.ai.,  ana  me
freight' rate being $3,50 ancl handling
charges" as usual, there remain $],15
to cover cost of delivery, and profit."
It is,therefore apparent*that so long
ns'the high freight rate remains in
force no reduction in tho retailprice
of-conl can be. expected, here,     v
Another point, raised nt the" board
meeting was that this rate from Lethbridge bore no relation whatever to
the competitive rato from' Princeton,
for undor the present tariff, when
Princeton coal begins .to come in bv
the Grent Northern, it will be'earried
for $2,50-n ton.
A strong endeavor will be mndo by
tho committee to hnve tho'conl tnrif'f
searchlngly reviewed by the railway
commission.  "
Office;.. Johnson-Faulkner Block.   -
Hours 9-12; 1-6; ,     .\ .     7 PhoD-9 72
B. C.
Office Henderson Block, Pernie B.C.
Houra.9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 87
Residence. 21 ".Viotoria 'Ave.
R.Ross K.C.    ,. ,-.W. S. Ljj'ne
-   ROSS. &  LANE   .,
Barristers' and' Solicitors'!
Fernie,*,B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D."E. McTaggart
Eckstein & McTaggart
' barristers, solicitors, etc.
Cox Street        - Fernie B. C
F. C. Lawe
■Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Pioneer'Builder and Contractor of.
' t Fernie ...
A.* McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of arid Dealer in all kinds of Rough
.   and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Queen's Hotel
Under. New Management
_W__MW1___m___   •
Excellent  Table _ and
all white help
..    Additional 7Tabi"__fn'r_L
28 More Men"
Ii. In i-i'imiled tlmt tho Hiipttrfnit-c.ttd-
.it of (hU division    of   tht-   flrent
.Vorthi-rn rnllwny lum mndo tlio nlnki.
ment thnt. In tho Immedlnto future
,i,,n,* i,..,t ui	
tho (In-lit Northern line. It In Htated
thnt the (.rent. Northorn now ronllzoH
Hint they Hhould mpnr for n portion
Of   thO   llllBlllf'HH   0f„t_l_H   HXOWllIK   dlH*
U-lcl. nnd tho only wny to suocohb-
fully rmnpotn wltli tlio hlfj Cnnndlnn
rnllwny rompnuy I*, fo opornti*! dally
trnliiH In thin vnlloy.-—Hovlow,
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
that Contain Mercury,
__ _tn,_.r^iTy _*_"' ,.,ir,,y ••"•"-i' «»* "*» «t *t»*
.*m LnJ"'i'i . '. 'I''*".* "■« wM* fi»e +tm\
l«SuL*.il J,,J,r""'**1   •'"*   »Urow   lurutn.     Kufh
bK». J. f iH-nry * , ,, Trt„,^ 0i> „muUil no ^
Hamilton Man Badly Injured.
' Reuben Atberton,' of ,1(77 ForRiison
Ave., TTnmllton. nn employeo of Lho
Otis Elovntor Co., sustnlnod serious
injury wlillo nt work. A plunk fell
from n height onto his right foot,
crushing it hndly. Ho wris tnkon
homo, whoro Znm-Iluk , wns npplled
with good result.
Tolling his experiences of tho hnlin.
ho said: "Aftor tho doctor hnd
drossod tho (lnmngod fool, with somo
liropnrntlou of his own I was lu gront
pnln, nnd ns dny nftor dny I scorned
to got no rollof I loft off modlcnl
trontniont nnd trlod Znin-lluk. From
tlio vory first nppllcntlon I.trncod nn
Improvomont. Hnni-llulc ronlly Boomed
to net llko mnslc, clennlng nil th'o
-inhonlthy mnll or from tho ..woniidR,
drnwing out nil discoloration, lnflnm-
rniitlon nnd.soronofls; imd stnrtod
honllng In quick tlmo. In two weoks
tho too nnd foot woro wull iiguin,
Znm-Iluk hnlm In cortnlnly n wondor-
Tu] honlor. nnd I would not enro to
ho without n box in tho houso, You
enn uso (ho nbovo filntomont In nny
piipors, hook or piibllcntlons, nn It mnv
lend Bomo othor mifferor to use JSnni-
link im I did,"
All workorH should keop Bum-link
linndy, Applied to n cut or wound,
It slops tho pnln, coiniiionco honlliiii*,
iiiiiI--whnt Is npinlly flno—lt proyentH
nil possibility of Wood polRonlng.
Bnin-lluk Ih oqunlly gonil for iikln
(llhi-HKi-H,    nnd    cin-oH    ooKonin,  Itch,
tl.lCl-l-H,      IlljBCC'KHOB,      Vlirll'OHO      Ul_!..|-M,
sicnlp hoi-oh, blood poisoning, otc. It
lion In cold cracks, clinppod linndH,
frost bilo. {-uros pllos nnd nil In-
flnm-pd t-ondllloiiH of tho hKIh nnd
tissue. Klft.y runts n box from nil
ilriiRprlRfH nud ntnron. but nvnld trail...
nous imd fiubstllutofl, somo of which
*''*■■' I'.-'hi'iii ii.iiiK«iom., und nonu nro
Wm. Eschwig,  Proprietor '
New and up-to-date
Handsome * Cafe Attached
"^•W*^-*^! 'iill  IIII	
Bar Unexcelled. 7
'.    All White, Help  .-_
. Everything-      . ,
: Up-to-date
. ..Call in and s-
7 ,. / 'see .us "once    •-.  7
llm- mii>i>1ji_i. with .Uiu   best WIiioh,
Liijuoivs nntl Ci-j-ni-s
The.Hotel of Fernie
Feniie's Lending Commercial,
nnd Tourist House   ■
S..F. WALLACE,. Prop.
On first clasi
business and resl
dantlfll   property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
Charterod Accountant, Assignee, Llq-
uldator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary nnd Fernie.
O.  Box 308
f!,'__•*'..!!!__ I"„_*V'n ""'niillJ*. Kfi'lni. illri-cllv gimn
"■'lym* llinn i-.isriii can, t« _un
5^*? ~\X'. ^uf*,,,",   ''"'*'. X»«- «*' b«i
T»U Hill • lumli* imi, to, MRMb_.ii.
buyln*  llill'i r.-.ijrii) <-llft, t« aur* tiki m <__,
Ohio, by ». l. i u*rr a (to.   Tmitnmuu Ut*.
.  bMIl*.
tuiur run tor wnMiptik*.
TIMVinAH      rnin,      Voi>.      n     rtr.
txvoon tit) mid ao men nro onionili-mi
In nilno So. :i of tho Victor,Amerlcnn
kih'I compiiny nt Uolfrun, nH llio re-milt
of llio Miiiofiioii thifl nftomoon wlilcli
wmclu'd ujo mnln ontrnneo.
H. H. Depew
P. O. BOX 423.
Airciit   - ernle   Branelt    J
Pellatt   Ave,    North 1
13   A
Will  Conte«t Vale for Seat Vacated
by Premier'• Resignation—Election Next Week.
VAKCOIIVKR, a c. Nor, 12.-Th©
Comtcrvaiilvc ffinT<rntlon at Sf^rirt***
llrldKO hns nnmlnntod Moyr-ndor
l.xtrnn an ramlldnto tor tlio IcKlalnture
for Yale ronn?ltii<>nnir nf. tlio byel*>c*
lion rni»pi| hy Premier SIcBrlilo'ia icn-
Ignatlon ot the «.«(. !| |a prob»b!e
that a poll wm be declared for either
» week from Thuraday or Saturday.
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
George Barton    Phone 78
\lr\i i, , .    	
i -j-.uu  it n.of» <
nemlB _ikoIiik to mellow It down so
«h to mnko It pnlntublo to tlio con-
n obi. our,
Whon you try It, you'll bo suro to
""»/ if." wc iiavo n>Wl Mrti,, Bco,ch
nml Jrltli, and all from boat mnkea
Ledger Ads Pay
\ -.1 u
i..... ---"iii.'..- \<    *
-'.'-..-.'■'.'-•- -"' .7"*o * -
•*.• -■■ "7 ■:
-. r.
I* "•*•*'
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
"' ,'. . p .Gents' Furnishings
Nowhere'.in the Pass can be
found ' 7.
7 We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
'Phone 56
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers I
;Brewing Co., Ltd,
■;•   ;    v "■'--- ■*-
I Bottled Goods a Specialty
] '.-Szczo hroszi maszyny kopaln'. farmy
i~ynszi majetke nejje kapitalom tak
dowho doky wony ne wzcwajutsia jak
sredstwo dia wyzyskiu robitnyka, We-
konomlje kapital a majno—se cilko-
mokremi riczy? "•   -t *..
Tak dowho jak robitnyk bude
prddawaty swojii robozu sylu, jak na,
torzi pszenyciu abb - jakyj ynszej,
towar to win nepowynen spogi waty-
sla pownoji . wynahorody za . swoju
■praciu? .
Tl szczo torhujutl rbbitnyczoju
syloju, septo fabrykanty kaputaltsty
ne taki dobri ta serdecznl sxczob
robyty na kohosl za darmo. Interesqm
kapitalista je zaplatyty robltnykowy
jak najmensze za . jeho robotu. A
prodajuczy , produkta robitnyka to
wziaty. w toho. szczo kopujejak naj-
bilsze. Tomu robitnyk w, tlm uslroju
de robotu prodajesia ne moze spodi-
watyslu zadnojl sprawedlywosty?
Robitnyka buduti rabuwaty tak
dowho, jak 'win- bude prodawaty
swoju roboczu.lsulu^kapltalistowy?
-. Oden ■ ratunok; dia , robitnyka szcz
oby ne, buw robowanyj naj ne prodaje
swoji roboczoji syly?   ' *■•
..A se,hude mozlywym    w    ustroju
Koly jakyj socialist- skaze„' szczo
robitnyk zaiedwo distaje za swoju
praciu lesze"jak raz tilky a czosom i
mensze niz jemu potridno aby * wid-
nowyty roboczu.sylu na prodaz. To
kapitalistyczni chwostyky kryczut na
wysi. zastawky szczo se brechnia.
Pakty jakymy ony* zbywajut social-
istiw osi taki' "Robitnyk," >kozuti*--ony
distaje za swoju robotu bilsze niz na
widnowlenie roboczoji syly tomu szczo
win ne nioze>"oszczadno" zuzyty dwa
abo try. dolary na.swoje uderzanie. I
taki ynszi fakty wony nam dajiit.
Wony- zwercba wyladajut prawdy-
wymy a tymbilsze todi jak chwostyk
perekrutyti te" szczo ckazaw socialist,
Ale- hlanu'ty* hlubsze w toj '.fakt" to
pobaczymo tam lesze porozni slowa?
Osi czomu pid widnowleniem roboczoji syly my rozumijemd wyprodu-
kowanie nowoji sylu.
Szczob se zrobyty moz, to robitnyk
musyti sia ozenyty.i udezuwaty zinku
i- -gity.'* .Win takoz' ria wypadok
slabosty sebe musyti utrymuwaty.
Nyni w Spoluczenych Derzawach .c
7 milioniw musz'cyn i ,majze tilko
zenszczyn szczo wze czas - ichnioj
zeniaczky-majze pomynuw a wony ne
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
•Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining- Ronm M
senziale e che abbiano una buona
struttura, cio6 che sappiano menarc
le mani. Guardi la quel settimino —
disse mostrado un gigantesco krumiro
—dove .- passa" Iui non lascia un occ
hio intatto. Ed e cio. che^ ci vuole per
noi, .che veniamo sempre attaccati
dagli, organizzati. II meglio 'e* pren-
dere l'offensiya, e nelle scorse sere,
io che con queste.,mani pianto chiodi
senza martello, ho fatto per bene la
mia parte. Pero il. mio principale
compito non e di intervehire hegli
scioperi gia scoppiati, ma prevenirli. -
— Come si fa a prevenirli? .-   .
7- II proprietario , assume una
dozziria dei miei uomini come operai;
e questi fanno propaganda* contro lo
sciopero. Vi e . sempre un gran
numero dl operai cho non deslderano
lo sciopero. Ma se non bsistn, si fa
sempllcemente questo: qualcuno dei
miei uomini piglia a schiaffi una' 0
due volte il principale agitatore, l'uomo
dl '■ flducla degli operai. Lo'"* schiaff-
egglato chiede allora che si licenzi
lo schiaffeggiatore, ma il padrone
risponde: "E' un-'buon operaio, non
ho raglone di mandarlo via." E allora
l'organizzatore se ne va demoralizzato
e lo' sciopero fallisce. - Certo non va
sempre cosi: qualche volta invece le
pigliamo noi. Uno dei miei. nello
sciopero di Delmenorst'fu ammazzato:
ma che cosa importa? Noi lo fac-
ciamo per divertimento. I miei uomini
non sono' pagati piu dei comuni operai
ma. que.l .die li tenta e 11 pericolo e
la possibilita di menar le mani finchg
rie hanii'6 voglia, senza riguardo e im-
punemente. - .-•'■-      .
. "Di quindici scioperi che ho fatto,
ne ho persi due in Sassonia, perchS
la polizia mi ha aiutato male. E"
troppo mollacciano laggiu. Guardi
qui, guardi qui: ho dodici certificati:
ho fornito fabbri, falegnami; verriicia-
tori, ecc. Prendo ' diecl marchi per
„ogni uomo che fonisco. Qui a Moabit
faccio anche il fornitore di viveri per
i krumiri. e. por i poliziotti. , Ho tre
autdmobili a disposizione, perche' i bot
egai di Moabit non ci vogliono vender
nulla, e facciamo fare le provviste
lontano. .Quando - la compagnia e
finita si cambia numero alle auto-
mobili per salvare - le spalle * degli
II giornalista .osservo   a   uri certo
punto. "-      ■   -r.   ■    '
— Ma perche' svelate cosi i segreti
del mestiere?    :*
Fernie Dairy
.1       , 1  ,: ;	
delivered to all
parts' of tlio town
8anders & Verhnest  Brothers.
. Proprietors
zeniatsia?~~   7—     TT    '"" 7
Czomii to tak je? Spytajete pefszoji
lipszoji starbji diwky abo* kawalera
czomu; ne zenywsia? ' ""^
. Widpowidi .distanetei szczo teper
robitnyk sebe samoho no moze wder-
zaty, ne to.sze zinku i dity.
Czemu win nemoze wderzaty?    Bo
we  distaje  dosyti   za  swoju  robotu
toje szo sia jemu na Jczyti?
Osi de ti fakty.   Rozumijety.    *
Mynuwszojioseny giwezata w Vancouver, B. C., • zrobyly   buly ■ welyku*
'swoju konwenclju, na koirlj w radyly
w pomynatys w uslch kompanij sac-
zoby .  robitnyknm    dawaly     bitszu
plntnlu i stalu robotu? '
, Bo czer,oz tojo robltnyky nedwtlat
z   nyriiy , zenytysl    szczo    nomajut
dobroji plathl jokab bula widowldnado
udoi'zuwanla rodyny?
Ta czy kompnnljl prynlnly tu pety-
clju. szczo diweznta robltnycl wyro-
byly ta umylmo prosy ly?
1 Do tnm? wykynuly dokosza I wid-
powlly'szczo i tak robitnyk hero xa
wolykn 'plntnlu?
Talc Robitnyku , w   "frco country"
majosz prncuwaty jolt mill n zyty jalt
ludy to mojo Knpltallst a no ty?
1-Todl levplty
Hodl Rtohnnty!      '■*""•
vorrei farmi . un : po' di reclame,
vorrei trovare un capitalista. Si
farebbero affari d'oro.
In .order to get a clear idea of the
cause'of, present high prices it is necessary to know something about the
working of our industrial System,
how things are made and carried to
the consumer.      ^
Most things follow this general
course; * "An article is made"by a
workman in a factory, • the factory
owner hands it'tofthe" wholesale dealer, and ■ the wholesale dealers passes
it on to "the* retailer and the retailer
delivers it to the consumer. The trip,*
you see, from the producer" to the
consumer is quite long' and very expensive. In consequence it costs* a
great deal' more to hand an article
to the user than it does to make it.
This long, costly.'trip therefore is responsible for "high prices as the following examples show.
, Certain farmers near Plymouth, Ind.
raised cucumbers. They plowed-the
ground' aiid harrowed il, made the
beds and planted'the seeds therein,
pulled the weeds, hoed, tended and
cultivated the .vines, fought the pests,
harvested tho crop and hauled it to
the pickling tanks of a well-known
firm. * For doing all this work they
got only ,50 cents a bushel for their
After soaking awhile in salt water
and vinegar these pickles were bottled and labeled—one of the 47
varieties—and 'then came back to
Plymouth; South Bend, ha Porte and
other. Indiana towns, where the
grocers sold them at $8 a bushel.- In
other words the man who raised the
pickles and did all the bard work got
50 cents "a bushel while those who,
passed them around got ■ $7.50.* The
pickle's excursion from'-'-the farm tq
your table cost the neat:sum of $7.50.
Another example:. A few years ago
I raised,; harvested and cured about
150 pounds of boneset, a popular
family remedy for 'colds, for which I
received 5' cents per ■ pound. The re-,
tail price of this drug is 5 cents an
ounce or 80 cents a pound. For doing tbe work I got $7.50. . Those who
passed the medicine around got
Just one more example: ' According to the 13th Annual United States
Labor Report,, the labor cost of a
chilled steel farm plow is 79 cents;*
tne wood, steel, paint, etc., about $1.
The total cost of the plow being in
round numbers about%$2. The farmer
pays $12 for this plow. In other
words, it costs $2 to make a plow
and $10 to hand it to the user. A
rather expensive.trip for the plow! ,
The farmer, everyone knows? Is an
easy mark! He gets 50 cents for $8
worth of pickles and pays $12 for a
$2, plow. Isn't ne "a smart geezer?
But hold on" a minute. Maybe the
farmer isn't the -''only-i "Easyness"!
'How-aboutr-the smart-"Town—-Jake—
$12.79 pjow and the miner would get
$1.40 fOr "digging a ton of $8.70 coal.
It would simply put the price a notch
higher' and not change ih tlie least
the relation between the cost of product and distribution. ' A new method
of distribution ris the only remedy.
If. you say you are going to vote
for Socialism the business men and
politicians will tell you that with the
government iu charge of production
arid distribution, the grafting public
officials' would rob you blind. Oh,
what a gall! As if it were possible
to skin you worse than the business
men do now! These nice people, the
smiling politician, the portly manufacturer; the man who bottles and labels
the pickles, the ruddy wholesaler, the
rosy retailer," these sleek, smoothspoken people who rob you of C cents
on a 30-cent pack of envelopes and
who take SO cents for a nickel's
worth of medicino, $8.00 for_ 70 cents'
worth of coal, and $8 for 50 cents'
worth of pickles! These noble,- virtuous, cultured gentlemen warn you
against being robbed by public officials! °Oh! Oh! Oh! What gall!—
ll. L. Green,-In the Interurban Journal
(South Bend, Ind.)
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦
TUmiI-mntt.tIiiIh only iihimI
mul llii-it cIunk work
liianHlilp (MiNiii-i'H
A Good Job
JOE FALVO     How roow Plock
eo YEAns*
Mnnilnno dn Borllno In dfitn 4
I.a ■ "Morgon 1-orI," lm avuto unn
curloslsRlmn Intcrvlsta- con un Intra-
prondltoro dl krumlrngRlo 0 provvedl-
(oro dl krumiri por ogni Rorin dl
Rcloporl, pei'BonngRlo cho orn gin com-
piHt'Ho nello lotto economlcho d'-
Amovfpa, ma clip In Gcrmanla lm
nncora un corto wiporo ill novlta.
I/uomo si clilnmii lllnlzo, od 6 un
Kioviuiotto norboruto dl 21 nnnl.
Lavoro gin proflso la vodova Mullor
dl Amburgo, cho 6 puro prodtittrlco
dl knimlil, mn orn lm iiiobso bu lm-
prona por routo jiropiio, oil hn fornito
ci'iiiiilrl por ln lotta ill Moabit. In 1111
llngiinRglo fra 11 brulul.) 0 II nltthroseo
In illnlotto borllnoHO, qucmo glovnno
cfipllnno ill vonliirn dollo kiioito
c-ranomlclio hpIorii cnmo fiutzloiin In
mm Impi'cuii.
— I nil-***! uomini •— of,]\ dice —
Himiin fit 10 dl tut to, OkrI fnnnn 11
fiibbi-o, domnnl II llloKnifo, dopo-
tl Oman I   tMRportnno   cnrliono,   L'on-
-   VO   STATE -WISCONSIN.       °
Dvaja Socialisti Zvoleni do Kongresu.
Milwaukee Zvolila 13 socialIstlckych
Zastupcov do Statnej  Legislatury.
Stomach Blood and
Liver Troubles
Muchsickness starts with weak stomach, and consequent
poor, impoverished blood.   Nervous and pale-people lack
i, good, rich, red blood.   Their stomachs need invigorating
for, after all, a man can be no stronger than his stomach.
A remedy that makes the stomach strong and the liver
active, makes rich red blood and overcomes and drives
out disease-producing bacteria and cures a whole multi-
-   tude of diseases. '"
Get rid ot your Stomach Weakness and
liver Laziness by taking a course ot
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
— tlse great Stomach Restorative, Liver
Inviiorator and  Blood Cleanser.
You can't afford  to accept any medicine of  unknown
„.  composition as a substitute for "Golden Medical Discovery," which js a medicine of known composition, having
a complete list of ingredients in plain English on its bottle-wrapper, same being attested as correct under oath.
-    Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate aad Invigorate Stomach, Liver and Bowels.
German Surgeon  Discovers Secret of
-    Bloodless Operations.
LONDON, Nov. 14.—Surgery without the shedding of*blood has been
brought Into the region of practice
by the employment of a "new modification of electricity..
The discoverer is Dr. F. Nagelsch-
midt, of Berlin; who has just demonstrated It-to-the members of the elec-
trotherapeutic section of the Royal
Society of Medicine.
The. advantages claimed are* that
many operations can now-be* performed without blood being spilt, as the
passage of this type of electricity
through the diseased tissue coagulates
all the albumen in - the blood from
„ This will be particularly useful Jn
the case of large cancers on the surface of the body, and.particularly in
the'type called "en cu'i'rasse."
The current that the doctor uses is
a very distinct modification of' the
ordinary high-frequency electricity.
It is applied as follows: Two wires
lead from the1 generator to two metal
plate electrodes. These are plaecd
on each side of the. part to be operated upon;,and the flow of blood iri
the region between the-two electrodes
is stopped.
All blood and tissue contain'a very
large proportion _ of, albumen—a substance similar to the white of egg—
and this the current coagulates; so
that the. flow of the blood is arrested'.
- - (Rovnost TUdu.)
Vysledok tohotorocnych ,voliob je
pro robotnu trledu zvlaSt' vy'znamny,
ponovac po prvy raz vstupuju do
kongressu. Spoj. Statov dvnjn" socialisti a sico stat Wisconsin. Su to
sud. - Victor, Berger za piaty kongres-
lonnlny okres. Zvolento sud, Gny-
lovda nenl doposlnl' potvrdonfi, ale
vfietko nasvedctijo tomu, ?.o I on jo
zvoleny. Budu-ll zpvnvy tloto potvr-
den6, bude mat' robotnicka trieda vo
Spoj. Stntoch v kongresso dvoch zastupcov.
Wlsconslnskl ■ socialisti sa vyznnm-
onnll nj v Inom .ohl'ndo. Talc na
prlklnd bolo zvoleno do utnlnoj znk-
pnodnvno 13 Boclnllstlckych poslnncov
a pofiot tento budo o mnoho vySSI, a'?,
budomo mat" uplnd zprnvy. So-
clnllstl dostall vncfilnu nnl 5000 hlasov
bkreso Mllwauckom, tnlc ?.o budu mat'
kontrolii nlo lon nnd mostom, nlo nad
colym oknoHom. To Jo /.prnvn, kloroj
an musi Icn2dy oprnvdlvy soclnllntn
.Tnky bol vyidcdok vollob pro ro-
clnllHtlcku Btrnnu v Inych stntooli
Unlo, (lopoRlnl' novodno, ponovrifi
flpol'nhllvd zprnvy budu uvorojiiond
noskoi-SIe, nlo Je \i?. tcrnz Into, 2c
pofiot. soclnllatlckycli lilnsov Jo vfindo
vyfifil, no?, bol pri vol'lmch mlnulycli.
Uplnoj pornXlty dofiknln Rn pri
lycliolo vol'lmfih Rtrnna ropnbllknn-
Rkn, Znpi-odnjnoflt' n iiplntnoRt' tojto
utrntiy bol Ink vol'ky, to hu to vldolo
mnoho wt. uj tym iinjznlioilnoJBIm
vollfiom. lllnHovnnlin nn domnknitov
nn vocl nlfi nozniPiilll -— budo lo
novn ohlnvkii nlo Hlnry kon, V Chi-
niKii bolo nn RoelnllHtlckycli knmlldn-
l ov oilovzdtmo vyfto dviiont' (IhIo
liliiHiiv, 1 il'n tolin vliino, *>,(< mlntrinlo
liollcnjlov do Rtnvkiijiiclch ipholiilkov,
volifinv I'hlnigHkyfli nljnlco nopoiifillo,
O vyHlodkii vollob iirlnci-fMiw- v budu-
com cIhIo obfilriif-jftlii zpiavn,
Slum v
workingman who gets 79 cents for.
making a $12 plow and pays '80 cents
for a nickel's worth df boneset and
$8 for 50 cents' worth of pickles?
Like the farmer he gets skinned
going and coming. Isn't he a mark,-
From the foregoing explanation it-is
very plain that high* prices are' not
caused by high wages of the toilers,
those who make things, . They get
little enough, Heaven knows! Tho
cause lies with those who pass things
around, with the prosperous, portly
man who bottles and labels pickles
and tho other good things, with the
sleek, comfortable wholesaler and
with tho rosy retail grocer and storekeeper. These are the chaps that
causo high prices. Thoy all get a
whack nt tho $7.50 for passing
around 50 cents' worth of pickles,
nnd Incidentally thnt, Is why theso
good peoplo can rldo' ln automobiles
whilo you hnvo to walk to save a
No doubt you seo tho pol?.it. now, no
tho remedy mny- Interest you. Horo lt
At n book store you pny 10 contH
for a puck of envelopes. At tlio post-
office you pny 4 cents for tho siimo
quality— (50 conts a pack—GO cents
for stamps nnd 4 cont sfor llio envelopes.) Why 10 cents to tho bookstore nnd 4 cents nt.tho posi offlco?,
Because Undo Sum iIoor nwny with
nil Uioho nlco looking middlemen. Ilo
mnkcH the onvolopos nnd hands them
out himself, while lho other pnek goes
from tho niaiiufncturor to lho whole*
Halcr nnd from tho wholcRnlor lo tho
retailor nnd from lho retailor to lho
iihoi*. Tho long trip Ih oxpoiiBlvo, you
know, lOnoh mlddleinnn hnH to hnvo
n "whack" at tho extrn II contH.
Undo Sam nuiHt bo n pretty good
mnnngor to euro lho litr.li prlco on
onvolopoB, Hnvlng you G contH on n
10-rnnt ptircluiHo. If ho cnn make
ouvolopoH and phhh thorn nround ho
cnn mnko nnd pawr nronml broad,
plowH or niiythlng dtio and hiivo you
monoy, JiihI iih lm iIooh iiii oiivdopoH,
After mnklng tlio plow for $2 ho
i-niild hnnd II In llio l'linin-r I'or $1
at n tot ti t cost or $'! liiHli'iiil of $12,
o-.pcnyi. ..ening-
Dr. Nagelschmidt demonstrated this
effect by coagulating the white of several eggs, and healso showed that the
same thing takes place in animal tissues, using a piece of raw liver to
prove it.
This new application of electric
current also, he suggests, is useful in
cases of local pain, (1 and would then
be passed through the skin above tho
affected parts.
Another remarkable* use for this
form of current is that It can be applied in a modified form'to strengthen the heart's action.
Interviewed on this Important discovery, a 'well-known surgeon who
wns present., when Dr. Nagelschmidt
explained his now method, said.
"In my opinion, this now congulent
Is without doubt, a'gront ndvnnco dn
the old electro-cautery.;;hitherto used,
but nt present it should be confined
It, Its employment to surfneo operations,
"In electro-cautery, both the diseased nnd ndjncont normal tissues
como undor tho dinrrlng crfecls of tlio
application,' whilst this now method
really amounts to tho generation of
Indirect heat, nnd any desired dogrco
cnn lie oldaincd,
"Dr. NagiilHchmldt haB nporntcd on
threo or four chhos of hard  enncor
With   fillCCPBH.
"Tho coagulating of tho tlssuos pre-
vniils tlio eHcnpe of nny Infective material, which ultimately becomes absorbed. It denls, in fnct, with the
'roots' of enncor.
No Work for QuackB.
"Ho nlso performed tho opornllon of
I'oniovliiK a IoiihII by tho now method,
tho work being bontitlful,
"Ono objection to llio now mm Imd
Ih tlm lnrgo rnw Hiirfnco thnl rosiiltR,
Tho epithelium (Rltln) grown Inward
too fiiHt from lho mnrgln of the
wound, nnd 1i:ih to ho diodu'd, a 2
per cent, pyromillk" ndd and viihcJIiio
olnliiiont being off-'dlvo for thin pnr-
"Were Hint nol uhimI proud ru-sli
and unly wiurlng would rcwilt. Then'
Ih nlno tlio 1"hm romnti- dun iter of ilu>
i-riiiiiuliitloii of Hit' blood fanning <*IoIk
In thn lnrup vi'lriH thnl  (-01111' In Up
shots and the usual indiscriminate
sabring by the police. ,7 ,
, In the course of a few weeks there
have been grave riots in Berlin, in
Cologne, in Rcmschcid and in.Bremen
—in other words in the capital, in one
of tho country's greatest shipping ports
and in two of its mosi important
industrial-.centers. When nil* exaggeration is deducted the situation is
really unprecedented for modern Germany. It is one which indicates a
discontent both remarkably widespread and strong enough to break
down* the habitual quiescense of the
German  workingman.
Biit this discontent is not confined
lo the working classes though violent
manifestations of it may be. ' It permeates the great mass of tho German people. In short, Germans generally have outgrown the Prussian
Bismarckian system. They feel that
theirs is a government in the hands
of a small oligarchy chiefly in view.
. Consider, present conditions: Leaving out of account all ordinary fluctuations of the markets, the cost of
living has 'increased steadily for, 20
years. This increase has been particularly marked very recently. It is
true that wages have also, risen considerably, but the possibility of saving
money has not increased in the slightest. And the explanation is that, even
where the increase in wages'has been
in proportion to the increase in the
cost of living, the empire, the government andthe communities have, intervened, with increased taxation.
Yet the nation's income has not increased a penny, nor have heavy tariff
increases added to the national wealth.
The only result of higher taxation has
been' to take money from the' pockets
of the consumer and put it into the
pockets of the producers. The
oligarchy has seen to it that no taxes
that effect. _.->'
• The sum and substance, of it is
that" the" German people are being
pinched, body and soul, by the
oligarchy regime, and having submitted to it for a' long time, are now
getting extremely tired of It,
that King George would have a long
and happy reign, lie passed on 10
deal with the crop situation in the
province, pointing out that' wherever
proper farming methods had been employed good results had been obtained.
Marked success, he added, .had > attended efforts to secure :in influx
of approved immigrants. Changes In-
the administration were enumerated in
the speech and intimation was given
that important bills would be presented for .the consideration of the
members. .Reference was made, to
the .report of the Royal Commission
on the Alberta and Great Waterways*
investigation,* which .would be presented at once. After .the address
from the throne the report of 'the
Royal .Commission was laid on thc
table.'The house,then adjourned until
VANCOUVER, B. C, Nov. 12.—
Judge Mclnnes today sentenced Walter
Woolacott, formerly provincial loii-
stable at Alert bay, to six months'
imprisonment on a charge of diverting moneys collected by him as government agent. Woolacott , pleaded
guilty and his counsel said full restitution would be made.
Lizard, Local General Teamsters No.
141. Meets every Friday night at
8 p. m. Miners' union . hall. J.
-Jackson, President; E.' Marsham,
Recording Secretary.   ,
Legislature Is Opened By Lieutenant-
Governor, Bulyea,
Typographical Union No. 555' Meets
last Saturday in oach month at tho
Ledger Office. A. J, Buckley, Secretary.
EDMONTON, Nov. 10.—Tho second
session of the second legislature of
Alberta was opened this afternoon hy
Lieutenant-Governor Bulyea, who has
recently been appointed for the second term. A good donl pf populnr
Interest Is ntlached to the work of
tho nssembly I his year on account of
the stirring events which marked tho
Inst session and nlso on account of
the chnngc In premiership.
In the speech from the throne lhe
lleiitennnt governor referred In fooling terms to the donlli of the Into
King Edward nnd expressed ihe hope
Bartenders' Local No. 514*. Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Meets 2nd and 4th Saturday Miners
-.Union hnll.     11. Rees, Sei.
Local Fernie No. 17 S. P. of C. Meets
in Miners Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome, D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday al 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O, 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners,—Local 1220, D, J. Evans,
President; P. II. Shaw, Socrotnry.
List of Locals District 18
__•* Trade Mmt,**
.. COPVniaHTt Ao.
Spl.*** w«* ?e^_?*Hrf .-?_^«
tpttui nilift, <wiiiiouttiimr«i«i min*
a Ptnow»mi» rt(]nlll1, j,mra,-|, Term* fgr
Ij.m» yw. .•fin-i-THO »rri*U. Hold by
ic-Mtr-**. _..      ..    .
Bundny last a new tlmecurd "f-snt
into otfect nnd below wo Rlvo Mie
clinnp-ns tlmt affect this point:
31'2—"ScJO lu hi. LorAl, fsslbcnni*!.
rtfS -1(1:0(1, Ttfipdnr \tnmmnfror wont.
7—VIMD, nror, wf-MbMind.
£14—18:10, Ilogulur patucngcr,
311—20:«. I-o-ral, vrentbound.
S—24:39, Flyer, tfastboaud.
„ „   i-uriocicd i»y iJisinct sswri-mij o-f to _\-_,.t-u_m.-_ _.-. ..■.-■■.
20 Ilankhead .... P. Whontloy, Unnklionil Altn.
•fSl llonvor Crook .. W, Wntson, Honvcr Crook, vin Pincher.
4'.U Ilollovuo     ,T. Bu*.kr\ Bollovuo. Frnnk, Altn.
'j-iVil IViUIllih    ........ . H.iliin*-,   *h(v,^uij,    _'.u. _ii<n,   Ai,4,
1S78 Cnnmoro   J. Noll, Cnnmoro, Altn.
2033 Colomnn    W. Ornhnm, Colomnn, Altn.
2227 Cnrbondalo   O.  M. navies, Carbondalo. Coleman, Altn.
2378 Cnrdlff   ........ I.. Hurlclnt, Cnrdlff. Altn.
2877 Corbin ......... It. Jones, Corbin, B. C.
2178 Diamond City .. (luorBo Hobsoii, Liinmond City, Lnlhbridgo.
2588 Edmonton     M. Tlonlc, 4tt4 Lome street, Norwood, Wnumton.
2_.!4 Fornie    I>. U«s, F-nrnle, n. C.
12flt» Frnnk*  O. Nicol, Frank. Alln.
2497 Honmer  ,... J. Ayro, Hosmer, II. C.
lOSS Hillcrest ....... J   «•.. Jones. IlSllrr-r-nt. AUa.
S7I !/"lhbrldg*f.     fle-M--**** Itlnollf^, IMiraon-l City. Uthbrldgn
1211 Mil**   W. I*. Kvftn*. 1.111. Frank. Alta.
2S20 Maplo tear .... M. Olldny,  Maple  Unf,  lUdWii***-, Attn,
5311 MI-MhM   M. nunrell, Michel, n. C.
5.1S2 I'fl.isabtirg     Hurry fimltli, Passl-urir, Altn,
Kl» n-»r*l Collier!**. Charto* Smith, Uoyal Colliery. L-ethbildf-**-, Alt*.
102 Taber William na-uell, Taber, Alta.
W» Taber    B. llrown, Taber, Alta.
would   mend  Ihi*  hlnh   pilco of j jiMtli of the ciiitciiI hi-lwi-i-u llu- i-lci-
plows nicely,    Or In* could lnko tlm \ tmdi-*.,   which   iniiilit   ivhiiIi   In   din- ,
r.O r.-nls' worth of eiiciiniboi'H, jilcklc JiihIi-i-,
llii'tn mul l-iibf. tiieif, iiiiiiiiid fur ...'**»,. *Ti(,-n-ily liiiiidhd by :,klll-il ;,u:
mnhliiR the cn.-it ^2 Inst-end of f8. TlipJKf-(mn It In n wonderful ndvimeo: lmt '
minor In paid about 70 cciiIh for dk-jiio fine, mi pi'iil of hl« life, should nl-■
kIiik n ton of hard coal which h.hi'h i low iiuyoim Imi n (ruined mirm-dii («',
you }S. If lluili' Sum owned Um i-tn'iloy It on lilm. I( Is mil u thlnn .
mines mid riillroiids he could pay tlm for i-iuicloi in uicddle with. i
miner  H  a ton lnfii-iul  of 70 -eulH;    "Any h'-ulthy Uhs-iip cunn'iliiii-l dli-si,,
nnd pin-in tho ciml mound for n not hor land bccnmi-ii  imjIIiIiik hut  n  fun-inn j
H,  llllll.HlK   1 fjt-*  I D.-it   *■.'  il   lull   llinlt iitl i MlliM.'tlH <•   Jh   llu-   lion,. ,   |<-i|tiiiiliK   n-
i.l V\ '.'.i-.-l"
All s.nrts of fnoibiluffs. clollilliR. ('.'■„' "The liii|iorln'i<*(- of lhl'( dl-'iovi-vy \
could bo handled lit the nunn- way Can hnrdly bo ovepcmllimitod," snld;
by llm national novcnimont and ihero-. mini her dlmlimuiMli<'d surj-i-mi. \
by put im end to III nil prices as In     ;;niic of iho Kreiiic-Ki iliniKors from j
tbo cum- of  (ll» t'livolopes. :iti   o|i« I'lilUin   Ih   t-hoi-l:   fiom   Iomm   of!
Thin  j ilnn   lor  i-ininj.   Jil-nh   pii(,''*J   iiioim  in-nint on u  wi-irkciion .*■*,■, mi-in, ■
by baviiiK Unclii Hum tnlto chiirRe of This In obvlnled.
proiluiiion nml distribution  Is cnllod      "CuiiHi'i.iieiiily     many     upornlinns
SnclnllKiii.   If you like ll vote tho Ho-.tilthertn undertnki n, almost an a for-
rlnllsi tlcl.ct nml show the folks you  lorn  hope,  will  be  iiiidf-iinken   wllh
niv ilind "f bi'lnR Bklniied,    If you'u u»od bopi- of ultlmat>- I'l-covf-ry nf
don't liko It hoon on votlnit tlm Hk-m-jibi* palbnt.
tn i nib-    or    H>-fnitiUt.ifii> tli-tint,    \iut ,               .....
ph-nite stop brnying nbout IiIrIi prices.' riots CONVULSE OERMAN CITIES.
Ymi  di.itive   to  I,*.   ..Untied  fur   -.mi 	
ffi |.-.-"-*v*-,-.-*v**. ■■•..•••*;.■•■
Quarterly Dividend Notice
Notice is hereby given tlmt a dividend nt tho rate of SIX
PER CENT, por annum 1ms heen doclarod upon the paid-up
capital stock of tho Homo Bank of Canada for tho throo
months ending the JiOtli day of November, .1010, and the sumo
\\iil bo payable at thc Head Office or any branche-v of the
Home Eauk on and aitor Thursday, the Fin-it day of December next,
The transfer books will be clo.xd from thc 10th to the !J0th
Acy of November, 1910, both daytt inclusive.
V.y onlci of the Board,
Toronto   Octnlmr Mih
Oeimnil 'Mnnfturcr.
, Epochal Discontent Perme.-itc-i Great j
M»a» ef People Who Are Pinched'
Body and Soul by the Oligarchy j
nn* uu i-iii-*)' mark.
Tin* I-Vm-v-rats nnd ftepiibll<-.'.t)»
liriM* no rem'-dy for this shnmefiil
skiniiliiK. Tin-*. iiKilsi* r» bin noUi-
•/••'I'lt  ^fvlns.  ifi*i a  full d'nner {mil.
jb'ir hiippos-j- tbey even doubled your     nKIU.lN*. Nov. 11.—(Ily llerln-rt A.;
{pir-enl finlfry wn*:«'-«. n propoqlflon Whito Uorbo r-orrrmpondent of th«"
w hli fi would throw the merfbanls nml ('nlb-d Pr--*.**.)- Hardly «*rr«» the;
in.'iniifneliirers Into fll*-*. The n.fvfttii •> MrtnhH rl*iin uxor In llr-rlln b. fur-* j
u_.iiM simply \u- aiM'-d tn thn u .I'r..* • rouble .»ov<b>t»< d In Hremen.. 'tht-rr'
prbe of jour proHltuu. Th* workln--.' »n» the umial luirllriB of hrlitilmiMJ
man would net fi._o for makinR a .there, ibe firlnn of the usual revolver!
Till'.!: T    hi    rli-'hlly    dcsdlhi'd im
"Iv Hii.i.'-.i,* d  MiiitiiK'-m'-iit,"
A i Lu- .Ml 'iliu.i.in mu iiimi  l*i H|joki-n
'!,   . ';*   I > ■ - ■ IUir I-   in*   Ml-I rtf,
I   ■;       , • t.    -,    ,|,,|l*,f   :,t    i,    tl,),..
;*-, v.: i.i*   bni ili»- r«-al M-i*it,-i nf
sin.-    !','■•  in  tIn-  iirlmljih*  ->f
(,f  ii-
I.N -
f.i\ li u.
(ton   (1ii".-t   -Mil   --'.'iri   an   ai*mint
wllh fh.-* M.-iiii  nt Hdi-iHtim
J, H. LAWRY. Ao«nt
THE DlgTMO? LSPGBR, _ RgNIB, B. 0„ NOVTSMBBa 19, 191©.
A comparative test of Quality
and prices .will convince you
that ,we can fill your table
wants with the highest.quality
of groceries at any every-day
saving to yqu. This, together
with a store service full of satisfaction, makes your trading
here not only beneficial and
profitable from an economical
standpoint, but pleasing in
cverv way.
The Store  of
Fancy- ' Table    and   "Cooking
Apples, per box  $f.75
10-box lots $1.65
Ontario White Burbank Potatoes per 90-lb.' sack.•■'.. .$1.60
Christie's Cream Sodas, 2-lb.
tins 30c
Canada First Cream, large
20-oz. tins  10c
Table and Gloss Starch, Mb.
pkgs.,7. for  , 25c
White Swan Laundry Sohp,
carton '6 bars  : 20c
Choicest Ontario Creamery;
Butter, 3 lbs. for $1.00
Ontario Fresh Eggs, 2 doz. .65c
Cream of Wheat Breakfast
Food, per pkg 20c
White Star and Magic Baking
Powder, per tin  15c
Reindeer Condensed Milk, 2
tins ,..25c
Chase" & Sanborn Seal Coffee,
Mb.  tins    40c
Barrington ITall Coffee, Mb 7
tins '  '.. 40c
11/i-lb.  Jars Preserved   .
Ginger 25c
'V2-lh.' Tins   Fry's   Breakfast
Cocoa   ;..   ......25c
Sherriff's Jelly Powder,* 4
pkgs *. 25c
6 2-lb. Tins Quaker -Preserved
Fruit _ $1.00
1 tin each Cherries, Peaches,
Pears, Raspberries, Plums and
Strawberries for  .*...- $1.00
'   "Albert  Toilet" Soaps,"
"Dolly "Dots," "Carnation,".
"Violetta,','  "La Deese,"  and
Per Box of 3-Tablets 20c
Men's all-wool;heavy ribbed Winder weight, very suitable
able for the outdoor worker, but withal exceptionally soft
to the most tender skin. _-   ._
Per Garment, $1.50
Men's Silk and Wool";,a
perfect fitting garment
finely knitted and soothing
to the most sensitive skini*
Per Garment, $2.25
Men's Combination Silk
and Wool, a garment cut
and tailored by hand, insuring the full measure of comfort; snug fitting, yet not
binding owing to its elac-
ticity. ,    -■
$4.00 to $4.50
Stanfield All-Wool Underwear for Boys. A wear-
resisting and unshrinkable
garment.       - q
75c and 85c per Garment
Men's'Corduroy Sheep Lined Coats, the -warmest and most
comfortable coat made for outside work. These eoats are
lined with specially selected and thoroughly cleaned skins,
the shell being made of the best quality Corduroy, making
a coat that is positively the strongest and best for heavy
outside work.
-  *       Regular, $10.75
Special, $8.75
Special values in Boys' Clothing for Saturday, Pay Day.
We are showing a range of "Lion Brand" that for style and
durability cannot be excelled. All-wool fabrics with double
seats* and knees in trousers, ^double elbows in sleeves, hand
moulded shoulders, hidden parts thoroughly attended to,
ancla color selection ample enough to satisfy the most particular. 7 We invite your hispectiorrof the. special values
that we are offering for this day. '  ' .*-   _ ,'.   " ■
Exccpitonal values in Men's Fine Negligee Shirts in W. G.
& R,., Crescent"and Tooke rnalrps.   '    *
Regular, $1.25 and* $1.50
Special, 95c
Apple Special
Rhode Island Greenings, acknowledged
to be the best all
round Cooking and
Eating-Apple. Fancy
wrapped four and
four and one - half
tier stock
Special $1.35 Box
Monster Pay Day values in
the Furniture Department. Limited space , will, only permit us
to mention a few of the many
attractive   offerings   for   this
special sale erentr.
■>        «
3-piece    Mahogany    Veneer
Parlor Sets, upholstered in Silk,
beautiful design and finish.   -
Regular, $£9.00.   ■   .
' Special, $31.50.
3-piece Quartered Oak Parlor
Set upholstered in Genuine
Hand Buffed Leather,' a beautiful set, .the material and.
workmanship throughout -being
the best. ■'
Regular, $117.50.    '       ,      ; ,
Special, $82.5j).
Quartered Oak Genuine
Leather "Lounge, Spring Head
, Seat and Sides, superior quality
* material and workmanship. A
lounge built for service and satisfaction. ■ - ■
Regular,'$47.50. ' ,
Special, $28.50. .*
Special .values in Buffet's'and
Sideboards.      Early . English,',.
Quartered,  and   Surface   Oak .
finish.    A   big   and   pleasing-
signs, specially, priced for this
event.   •
Clothing making it a most acceptable offering coming as it
does at this season when many
are, planning the purchasing of
a new Winter Suit.
Our showing of the new season's patterns and models, is deserving of the attention of the -
man who appreciates Ready-to-
Wear of the highest standard of.
merit.   While   our   showing embodies   correct   style,   faultless
tailoring and all that is best "in
high-grade   Ready-to-Wear,   it's
THE VALUES we specially-emphasize at this time.
In each garment   the, selling
. price is marked before leaving
the* Fit-Reform' Workshop  thus
whether'  located   in   Montreal,
insuring one price at all agencies
Toronto, Vancouver or elsewhere.
<**■  ■■ " ,  '   '  —
We very specially invite your
inspection knowing that-you will
appreciate the exceptional values
wc now offer:     ■
Fit-Reform,1 regular $25.00, special - $1».50
Fit-Reform, regular $22.00, special' . .,.  17.85
Faultless, regular $18.00, special  13.75
Faultless, regular $16.50, special  12.25
Faultless, regular $12.50, special     9.50
Faultless, regular $10.25, special  , ....    8.25
Tou are invited to participate*
in "the .undermentioned-special
values, all offered at a.fraction
.of their" worth. If you can shop
early it will confer, a favor
upon us and be very-much ap-
-preciated.*- It .will also enable
us to give,you better service
and attention. , Come, however,*
late' or early, arid share- in the
feast of good values here;awaiting you:" : '"'- .7.7    ., *..'
; Girl's and Children's all Wool
Blue Serge Sailor'Dresses.. The
Collars are trimmed with Red
and , White Braids;' Skirts,
pleated arid trimmed with
Braids. - Sizes 6 to 14 years.''
Regular, $3,50 to $3.75.'        '
Special $2.85.       *-•    -■
. Ladie's Separate Skirts made,
of Cheviots, Meltons and, Serge.
These skirts some.pleated and
some plain, trimmed1 with Braid
and' Buttons; ■ in. Navy, Green
Cardinal and Black.
Regular, $3.00; $3.25, $3.50.   _
Special, * $2.75..
Ladies' Black Sateen Underskirts, made from fine, soft
Sateen with,, deep rows of
flouncing and accordian pleating*   ,..-.'-     ".   . "  *,    "
Regular, $1.00 and $1.25.
Special, 85c.
Proven by actual test to* be the best boot of* its kind in
-the market, while.the medium price places it_ within'the.
reach of all. We" invite your inspection of,our Winter
range.. A trial will convince'youof their superior wearing-
qualities. * --..'*'' . ■ ■ ■*'■;■.,. -■■_.,*■ *
.Men's fine $5.00 and $6.00 Shoe's for $3.'85,' Made, up
"in' all "leathers froiri light Patent to heavy Winter-Calf:
books.,.'      '.'. * '   ,7--'"'''    .... y ''■ .'   > *    .
Special, $8,85 ." ', ♦   '  " ' ■
22 Spindles Scotch Fingering.
Yams. This yarn is made from'
the best quality imported.worsted yarn; in' Gray and Black
only.  ..7 ...   ...  ...   .... —
i Saturday Special, 70c Pound.
Feather Pillows made-, from
the best quality. Art Ticking.
Feathers thoroughly renovated;
size 20x27.
Regular, $3.00 pair.
Saturday, $2.15 pair.   .
White Wool Blankets in large
double-bed size, with Blue and
' Pink borders.    Slightly soiled;
.reason-,, for -*-• sueh   a   ridiculous
-cut:—T"^—*-•"■—*"* i     r~L~-
Regular,-. $6.50_       *
Saturday, $4,15 pair.   .!
J 1_-
, Michel notes received Friday too
late for publication.
- For high-cinss chocolates call at
the  Todd Clock Candy Store.
GIRL, strong and Industrious, seeks
situation; ngo 10. Address "G. W."
Ledger office. . 16-lt
■ An appetite for sweets can bo
gratified at * tho Todd Block Candy
, Tho Ladles' Aid of tho Methodist
church extend to all a cordial invitation to attend tliolr banquet nnd concur t on November 28th.
Wo have learned that thero is a
enso of dlptliorin in tho fnmlly of
Gcoi'Ko Thomas, an Assyrian, the'
pnllent being nn Infant. Quarantine
lms boon, established, and tho necessary steps taken lo prevent, the*
spreading of tho disease.
CoiTcflpoiHlonc-Fi. lessons in mining.
by-Thomas Monly, 'first' class 11. C.
(Highest, pornontago obtained) and
hnglnml. Kiuih lesson comploto !{1,!_0;
$!i0 for complete courso of -10 lessons. Apply Thomas Mordy, Merritt.
B. C io-4t
Tlio Young Men's Association under
tho auspices of tho Mothodlst church
lmvo now rocolvod the major portion
of tho on ii IP mo nt for thoir gymnasium,
which will onnblo nil mombors of this
body to Indulge In healthy physical
oxerolso during tho forthcoming winter season,
Wo regret to mport that tho young
man failed I.o rally ami death cnsuoil
on Thursday. A cablegram has boon
Hcijpl In Killnburg whoro hin mothor
nnd brother live apprising thom ot
tho'wul ovont, Funeral will lako
plnco on Hundny under tlio niisplcon
of the Kornle local of the V, M, W. A.
of which (Ii.'ciiiihoiI was n member.
Now tlmt the iiecoHHiiry pimi|iliiiii-
HIii Ih Installed, It Ih tlm intent lon of
tlio various (■nnunlileoi. to ondoiivrir
In uiiiU-i'lally Iihti-iihm their iiKHiilier-
ship, which ali'i-iiily iiiiiiibers about
ruin hundred, There Is every reason
to bollovo that this liiHllliitlou will
afford ovi-i-lli-lii opi'iorlunllli-s for tlio
youth of Finnic- lo develop thorn*
Helves physically,
Q.   Where can I get first quality
A.   Todd  Block  Candy  Store.
A large and well assorted stock of
the bost just received at tho Todd
Block Candy Store.
Special sale on Saturday, so see
Mrs. Todd's window and then stop
inside and see the stock.
Messrs. Egg & Ilaldano havo removed into moro commodious quarters
over the Bank of Hamilton.
Tho members of the "Loyal Legion
of the Land of tho Leek" "wore very
numerous on our thoroughfares on
Wednesday. Morgan np.Morgan, John
up John, J-.vnns, Thomas, Davies were.,
hero In forco to cry "Cymrl am blth."
Discussing tho quostion of local
option (Scot Act) which Is at present tho live Issuo in Saskatoon, Alln.,
tho "Pioneer" of that city finys vory*
sensibly:, "Wo aro not possessed of
any largo amount of confldonco ln
tho valuo of local option/as a means
of chocking tho, evils of tho drink
traffic. ' Wo nro lncllnod - tb think
with roforonco to this, as with somo
othor ovils of tho day, that what is
wauled Is more charactor nnd loss
law, moro good ethics and loss personal liitorfi-roneo,"
♦ •*.
♦ 60 to 100 miners,   Tnbor, Alta, ♦
_-• o-
All lovers of the light fantastic will
be "pleased to learn that there will be
every opportunity afforded them during the winter months to indulge in
this recreative pastime. Tlie first
dance will be held on-. Thursday, the
24th, in Bruce's hall, and every alternate Thursday thereafter during the'
season. Dancing will bo from" 9:00
to 1:00.' The initial dance will be by
Invitation, The , membership fee for
tho season will bo $1 with an additional dollar for each danco. The bost
music will bo furnished and a pleasant time assured. There aro at present over 00 members and more are
D, McDougall is the prosldont of
tho new organization and D. Kennedy
its socrotnry.
In addition to showing oxcellont
moving pictures tho management during tho present, week has boen giving
tlieir patrons somo oxcellont ontortaln-
ment of a refined charactor. An
nthloto and his wife mnko their np*
ponrnnco on tho stngo flrHt presenting somo tableaux vlvants that aro
of a ' chiBRlcnl chnrnctor arid thon
somo mnrvelous fonts of strength nnd
doxtorlly nro displayed.
FERNIE  K. P. 31,
.1, S, (!. -Vim Wni'l,, Cnlgary, up*
pointed chairman of Iloiud of Investigation by MlnlHior of Labor,
Mniiiigi-i'   llunlop  of   tho   Kooiotmy
Tclophoiin,  ronipniiv Informs us thai
ooitiiiiiiuiciitiiiii    will   lie   osiabllshcd
(Willi Spokiiim about tho Kill nr iHh of
A cordial Invitation is issuod by
tho Knights of PythlaH to nil mombors
of tho ordor to attend nn "At Homo"
which will bo hold in tliolr Cnstlo
hull on Tuosilny, Novombor 2!)th,
Mvory effort. Is bolng put forth lo
mnko this first Boclnl ovoning of tho
winter's rccrcntlmiH n pnrtlciilnrly onjoynblo onn nnd II Is tho hit out lon to
hnld Uioho gatherings monthly.
Ilomomlier thn dnte, November 20lli,
tlm plain tbo Cnsllo hall, Victoria
A meeting of this body wll! bo ln-ld
In tho King Kdwnrd pnrlorB on Sunday next.
WANTIOD-SIx young Indies to
compli'li* rbmn In prnrllrnl -li-rm.i-
iiiloKy inuhHRKu for reviving wauled
tIkhui's; removing .wrinkles, black-
heads, iindbl .iiIhIioh of the skin.
Mnrilnirlng, wig making and hair
work In nil,Itt* lirniK-hi-**. GrnduatcH
enslly sceiirc good positions at highest
wagiiH, Full particulars on application lo the fi: c rotary, MIj,s _-,_i.i
Powoll, Cnnndlnn Cnlloro nf P-Tiun-
I'ulogy, 723 Fundi*r slrtut, Vuucouvt-r.
"KULL8"  FROM   KAL80.
Ono of our friends prenontod us
with n cnii'lo of sue liJont samples
of the Oravi-iiHli'lii variety of apple
nml wo must na#v tlmt lho flavor
tickled our cplciirenn pnlnlo so much
<l,.,l      IMI 11 ' ,  , .
of llio ernft were nn( nblo 1n .loin m.
Korry wo could not reciprocal**** ns
l-'mtili. Is nol cclobrntoil for fruit:, but
probably a ton of coal would bo nc-
cupiulilu hh a Humph* of our Industry,
Mrs. E, Todd's Sale
Coats   and  Skirts
Crum's Prints nncl Dainty Goods for evening wear..
One dozen Ladies' Coats, colors Blade, Brown, and Navy;
note the quality and fashionable shades  ;* $5.00
Ono Dozen Ladies' Coats, Black, Brown and Navy; regular
Hil 5 to W8, Saturday special  *. $10.00
Cloth, Voile, and Panama—Extra good quality at greatly'reduced prices.
9 yards Crum's Prints, guaranteed not to .fade; dark and
light shades .' $1.00
6 Baby White Bear Coats • regular sjU.75 and $2.00, Saturday
special , , ■• - .$1.25
G Baby "Bear" Coats; regular $2.00 and $3,00, Saturday special .'.._..:" ;..*....*. .$1.50 and $1.75
12 Ladies'' Hats, stylish, special $5,00
.12 Ladies "Hutu, reikiy to wear ., $3.75
12 Misses 'TTats, ready to -wear .... .7   $3.75
12 ends Veiling, -^-yard lengths, in fashidnablo hues.*..'. ,35b
See Window Display
TO-LKT—FtirnlBliod room In prlvnto
family. MnPhoi'Hon avonuo. Apply
LodKor offlco. M-.lt-p
TO HRNT—Furnished, ono or two
rooniH, kitchen and hath, Apply
U'dKor offlco, 13-111 p
TO MOT—Four-roomort houso Victoria iivonne. root. Inrliidlnir wntor,
llC.no.   Apply J. .1. lIuRliOH, Ilox 120.
YCr.C-C   *jr__.i*vf\i   I O  V. Hi A Xa (_,
I.A 8AT.I.K. III., Nov. '3.—Vincent
Vcnlo. Italian wpoakor for llio IHIiioIh
SoclnllHt party, Bpoko nt lho lirlrtf*****,
li-r'tw-r-pit hero nnd Ladd, to uovornl
hundrei! mlnTii, When tho nivinc. of
Oiincnn McDonald, who Ih enndldnto
frm UiIh dlsfrlcl for lho l^glfllatur-?,
wns meritlont'd, Iho inlrjom eliPcroil
tlicmsclvt'H lionrno.
. ,\
FlfiHKK—At U't-st Flnmliori. Ont.,
on U'c-Jmiuday. .Vuv. 0_U. UIO, lo Mr.
and Mm. A. I, Flnticr of Pernio, II, C,
ii hop. 10-lt
I-'OU IU-:nT-~SIx uiifurnlnhod rooniH.
Apply to W. Minton, Fornio Annox,
modern lioui-o. Kltuatod ou Dalton
fiM-uiH-; miili, tioi. nnd cohl wator, nml
ovory ronvenlonco. Apply "X" caro
Lodgor offlco, lC-3t.-p
FOU BALK—WoHlnililo nll-modorii
Hovon-rooiiiod huuKiilow nn TliompHon
Hlrcot. UoiiHoiuihlo torniH, Apply
Ledger office.
FOU BALK—Tliroo-i'oomoil, carpon*
tor-hullt bungalow, urtlHtla iIobIrh,
and oxcolh'iil fliiliili, 1'liiHlorcd nml
kalHomliiod liiBldo, palntod on out*
hUIo. Location, McL'hcrnon iivonuo,
I'rlco, $7B0. Apply. W. fl. I»oarnon,
i.oUKor oifico, IC-Ht
FOIl SALlS—Ono-rourtli aero lnnd;
two flldos foncotl; WeBt Fornio; $190
cn«li.    Apply "Fl" Twdgor Offlco,
IIOURKHOLn offoctB for unlo.
Apply l(. 0. I^rlmor, near TrltoH-
Wood Btnblcfl. lWt
TO LRT—Two front ronrtis, partly
furnlnhcil; sitimted on,I)ftlton avonuo.
APPly "C." car* I>-_rct -qfflce.   IC-St
\VANTKl>—A mir««mnld, nlno it
good coolc; excellent wngos. Apply
Mrs. ll. W. Wood.
LOST—Hot woon UlonfidtiU'ir Htoro
ond Prior tstropl, on Thurndny, Nov.
3rd, Kold fob, with, gold modal with
rod croHH con tor nttnehod. Fludor
will ho sultnhlv -rownnloil on nroionl-
Jiif; the fob at tha polico station. IMt
THE m0st vilal improvement in Fit-Reform Suits
this season is—the splendid shoulder effects.
JL .1 •
VT^E have created the most becoming models that
have ever been shown—natural, well rounded
shoulders — neither exaggerated in breadth nor
skimped in faddish fashion,
pIT-REFORM caters to real men who dftmand
good taste m well as good style.
Hoy, li yonrn of ngo, lionoBt nnd
IndiiHtrlouB HeokB omploymont. Dnvld
Thornton, Old Hocrontlon ground. f*nd
Miihiciil Parti-PH mul PiinccHentered
:hv.   Tlu; Iwnt.iuul vory latitat •
',:, (<.'*)ii_.*.i-: In (hu iliMti-U't
FVirpnrffi-iiFnrimiily to
Thos. M*_uttnobile, mee IU' fernie
or Sir. Tuaanrro
\^7E show above the Fit-
Reform Double Rr_ astf d
Sack Suit — made chiefly in
Scotch Tweeds — ranging in
price from
$18. to $25.        ta
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
Sole Agents in Fernio
- ' _
-  7


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