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The District Ledger Aug 6, 1910

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Array R • --*<
'   - -        '... P'W-iui-ia1'! ■"• " "* y ;*0 June 09 ■-•
Kt.ll
The .Official Organ bf District No, 18, U. PI. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOI,. VI.   No; i
h-
FERNIE,   B. C.f  August 6th   1910
$1.00 a. Ydar
fr
Fernie Athletic Association Making Great
Preparations
I.
h*-'
.  A meeting, of the Fernio-Athletic
:,-AssoclatIon was   held   on   Thursday
and such general enthusiasm prevailed that If collective effort could en-
sure.s'uccess it Is already*a foregone
'conclusion.    After'general ;,and * Informal discussion had been Indulged
"In it was decided that prizes* should
be  awarded aggregating $600.    The
..complete program of- events' will be
.published at as early a.date as possible, In the meantime, however, we
• may state that there will be football
" and baseball■. matches, horse racing,
-a tennis tournament, squaw tepee
; contests, tugs-of-war, jumping,, foot
graces, 100 yard, -140 yards, two-mile
. arfd hurdle racing. One feature will.
: be   Introduced * tbat  ought  to . bring
out many enthusiastic equestriennes
' and  that  is    a    Klootchmans  hyiu
coolie coolie quetan race. »    -
'** The Ladles', Benevolent Association
will sell the tags and Mn addition
thereto there will be a collecting committee appointed.   -
The ** executive  committee  consists
of George H. Boulton, (president), H.
, Herchmer, John'Adair, J. R. Lawrle,
^J. L. Gates, Milt'Kastner and W; S.
.Stanley,' the .latter is secretary and
will accept-entries. „     * -
Advertising will be done    in.  the
/various;*papers,, both east <and,;"west
• of Fernie, - - that every inducement
*^wiii~b"e^m:a'_?^o~mairo—th^~e"ve'ntnDne
'.'that will .''.iact.-many outsiders to
"participate'.    .,   "'*- .
HIGH SCHOOL* EXAMS.
...The"results of the high school examinations show,, a very high percentage of succes'sful'candidates. Out
of a total of 1,170 no fewer, than 792
passed, the majority with '. honors,
Fernie's reputation for tlie percentage
of those. who .passed remains at 100
per cent, there being three candidates
and all were awarded Jthe necessary
marks, Mary A. Batemali heading, the
list with 534 and only one point
separating the,other two,-Phillis Marlatt obtaining, 515 "and Margaret A.
Robertson 514..
THE JAFFRAY MURDER CASE.
On Wednesday Enrico Franchis-
ciollo was brought up beforo Magistrate J. S; T. Alexander charged with
tho murder of a fellow countryman
and co-worker named PetruccI two
weeks ago and committed for trial
at the next assizes: ' A. Herchmer appeared for the prisoner, while the
prosecution was handled by Eckstein
& McTaggart> Chief Constable' H.
Sampson assisting. * '
SUNDAY CHURCH SERVICES.
Revi Spidell of the Baptist, church
will speak next Sunday morning on
"The Uninvited Guest," and In the
evening on "The Dignity of Labor."
An earnest invitation is extended to
those' who do not attend other
churches, especially to the evening
service, where all* who. are toilers
will be heartily welcomed.. ,   .
Miss Leader, o£ Wllkesbarre, Pa.,
will sing" "Jesus-Redeemer," at the
evening service. Services a. 11 a. m.
and 7:3(T'p. m.
DAVID AND  JONATHAN.
The Odd "Fellows* throughout the
district should"_nake a .special effort
vto be present next'Thursday night at
the K7 P. Hall when Mr." Newton
Beers will put on his.fraternal-play,
"David and Jonathan" depicting those
many; scenes so well known* by the
three-link fraternity. .This gentleman
comes* well recommended , and it, is
under the auspices of Mount Fernie
Lodge" No. 40, I. O. O. F„ ,that the
mono-drama.will.be produced and the
general pubiic -is - cordially invited-to
attend-as—U—i^noir"to7b'e—liniited—tO'
the craft."   Admission' fee Is 50' cents.
MAY-MEAN ft
Y.M.C, A. FOR
FERNIE
- ' ,    '      ' X " "
Worthy Organization Off
To a Good. Start-Be
A Booster, You
AU3LRA MINES BUSY.
■r;
H. H. Dimmlck,*'superintendent of
'the Aurora Mine at' Moyie, accompanied by D. J. Elineiv one of the
directorate, was' in town this week
ana speaks highly of the progress
that has already' been effected on
this" property.* It is their intention
Install a concentrating mill ln the
near futuro -.with a capacity of, commencing, with an initial treatment of
50 tons dally, and capable of, incrons-
Mng It 'to 150 tons. Tho tonnage
already blocked is sufficient to keep
tho mill busy for yo'ars and thoro Is
ovory prospect that this will becomo
ono of tho greatest producors In
, Brl'tyth Columbia.
AT THE GRAND.
A NEW FIRM.
Carmichael & Edgocombo have purchased tlio business of J, C. Kenny
and will movo Into tho storo on Vic
torln avonuo, where thoy11 hope by
strict attention to business and fair
denllng to thoir patrons lo retain tho
favornblo reputation that each enjoys
In tho community, In addition to
high-class tailoring thoy will also
■mako a specially of clothes cleaning,
Thoy havo just, rocolvod a largo con-
slgnmont of the latest stylos ln null-
* ings of various well-known toxturos.'
. The- moving pictures, at the Grand
Theater are said < to-.be-. the best tliat
liave ever been shown in Fernie. . If
Increased patronage goes foi- anything
they must be getting the crowd judging from the throng seen' coming and
going. * Tonight's program is something just a little better than , has
been.
A meeting, was held in the - school
room of the Methodist .'church on
Monday" night relative to the organization of the Fernie Social and Recreation Clu6. It was. found that thus
far over 50 had signed the membership roll and there is! every indication
pointing to a sensible increase. It
was agreed, that the most important
matter to be acted upon with' the
least possible delay was the engagement of a manager and trainer who
could take complete control of the
affair making such provisions and
purchasing the requisite' apparatus
called for by "an institution' of this
character. „
The executive committee is made
up of the following gentlemen: Rev.
J. F. Dimmick, Thomas Robertson and
D.V. Mott.
A special ground committee have
the clearing of the lot. adjoining the
church well under way and it is expected that the game of lawn tennis
will be Indulged in before many weeks
have rolled by. *. 4,     .
A recruiting committee also was appointed whose duties will be to endeavor to increase the membership
and there is not the. slightest * doubt
that their efforts will be crowned
with success ■ as they, are all very'
enthusiastic and .full of. zeal for the
cause. - ." '     *-" , .
' NexOlOTrday¥T^etlngTwiirhe"lIerd"
in the school room of the church to
receive the various- reports. A cordial invitation is extended to all who
are Interested in this movement to be
present. ' With, this', project- .carried
.through to" a successful Issue and a
lending library established in the* city
Fornie .will no longer be among the
towns that do.not offer inducements
to men to seek more beneficial surroundings than ,at present- offer
themselves to the rising generation.
INTERNATIONAL
OFFICIAL CIRCULAR
RESOLUTION   ON   DECOUX   CASE.
BRIEF BITS FROM BRITAIN.
*•*•".
Tlioinns W. Anderson, nn nctor, was
shot by an unknown OBsassIn nt" 17
CUftoti Gardens, Hattorscn.
Amendments Introduced Into, tho
Houso of Commons by tho labor members, Kolr, Hnrdlo and Mr, Ilnrncs,
referring Uio trnnsforonco of tho
rovonuos from tho Duchlos of Corn-
wnll nnd Lanacster tp tho state, woro
rulod out ot ordor,
Jamos Marman, a compositor of
Pontonvlllo, was takon from Uio sldo
of his brldo No, 2 bocauso wlfo No, 1
put. In nppnnrnnco and will spond a
solitary honoymooirof 12 months with
hnrd labour nn n guest of tho ffovorn-
mont,
An Australian mombor of parliament suggests that thoro bo nn Industrial or civil delegation sont to tho
Coronation ceremonies as thoro has
boen loo much display of tho military
bodied nt provlouji picnics.
The docUors' striko at Bristol und
Avonmouth still continued, Bargomon
tlnd lightermen hnvo joined tho
i-.ij.lUi;>. TU Ir/.r-crttJ t:.6\ car. cr.J;-
ropo with a small pnrt of »h« work.
Throo youthH, two ngod 10 nnd ono
20, woro sent to prison nt Clayton"
Io-Moors noar Preston . for stealing
olBlit OggH,
Dr. W. 0, draco,   tho   colobrated
•LVluki'l-Ul,   W.icwr**i.<_l   hi*   n'tl.i'yitii.i.'V^im.
birthday on Monday, July 18th.
Mrs, Ada IS, Johnson, a wealthy
.widow of Wlnklolgh, I)ovon»hlro, wns
brought up for Intimidating: Daniel
Davoy, a thatchor, who had boen hor
tenant for 15 yoara bocauio bo allowed the postern of tho Liberal candidate to bo plncndod on his cottngo,
Dr. C, W, flnlfloby at n f-infpronr-o
of tho National Social Purity Crusudo
•toted that maternal Ignorance cauted
Infant mortality and that oducailon
for parenthood waa of vital Impor-
. Unco. That a girl who know* tho
element* of negative eugenic* would
uot commit Dm folly ot marrying; a
drvnkard to "lata" blm.
Tho only matter of any Importance
before the weekly meeting of tho
Trades and (Labor Council last even-
Ing was' thopassogo of a strong resolution endorsing tho resolution recently passed by the Lethbridge local,
United Mine Workors, condemning thb
action of tho public prosecutor ,at
Frank for incarcerating Docoux, the
Frnnk miner,* on tho chargo of murdering n follow worker whon the cor-
onor'a inquoBt had completely oxon-
o.atod him. Tho resolution will bo
oxlonslvely subscribed to and then
forwarded to tho attorney gonoral, and
a copy of it handed to the press,
Donald McNab, ox-M. P, P., was.accorded a soat on tho council as a dole-
gato from tho Minors' union. A communication was rocolvod from Alder-
man Frayno ot tho city council relative to tlio use of prlntod voters' lists
In clvlo oloctlons, It wns referred
to tho legislative committee.—Loth-
bridgo Horald.
JOHN TAKES HIS WHISKEY BATH
,No this does not allude to John L.
nor 'Johnnie Behind the Deuce' nor
ovon to .Tohn--but to John D. Rock-
fellor.who Is now soaking himself
from tho outside by taking baths in
tho fiery spirit in* accordance with
his physicians ordors tp ronder hlra
supple* onough to continue * playing
his favorite gamo of "golf".
Indianapolis, Ind., July 26, 1910.
To the'Officers and Members of the
United Mine Workers of America:  ,
Fellow Workers: Your International -Executive Board, acting under
authority vested in it* in Section 5,
Article, II, of our . constitution, on
May '27 levied an assessment of 25
cents per week or $1.00 per month
commencing June 1, for a period of
two months.
At that time there was nearly 100,-
000 men idle, including Illinois, and
at the present timo there Is fully as
many still idle. Hence, ln order that
our organization might, provide partial
sustenance for our, dependents who
have no' resources of their own, it
is essential that our members should
continue to pay a nominal sum weekly for some* time to come.
While the amount realized from the
25-cent assessment is. very meagre
and inadequate to meet, the requirements of our organization, yet we
fully realize that it is about the maximum amount that could be collected
from our members,' taking Into consideration all of the surrounding circumstances. *•■ Therefore, the International Executive Board deems it- expedient to submit to our members tho
proposition. of continuing the assessment for, three more months, namely,
August, September and October. The
amount of funds realized during that
period, with the financial assistance
that some of our districts are rendering to their ■ men, in all probability
will*enable us to maintain our members and .their families until such
time as wage contracts will have been
negotiated., . .  '
- You are hereby earnestly requested
to call a special meeting at the
earliest date possible after receipt of
this circular-, and-have your members
vote upon the proposition, of levying
an assessment of 25 cents per week*
or $1.00" per-month,, to go into effect
August 1 and'continue in force.Until
November" f, 1910. * *' This assessment
is to apply on all members at work,
You * are advised to act promptly
ancl forward to the. International Sec'-
"I Wiai J- J. 1 CS9UI Cl^lUO~l COU1L  UJL"—* MIO
vote * taken on - the, accompanying
blank return sheet,",which must be
attested by the officers of the: local
union', with' seal ^attached and forwarded in the accompanying envelope
marked- "ElectionVfc-tur"3" so .as to
reach this office riot "later than Aug.
10, 1910. The vote |vlll be tabulated
and the members officially notified
of the result immediately after the
vote is received.
Our members will be kept Informed
from time to time through the medium
of.the United Mine Workers' Journal
of tho progress mado ln negotiating
wage agreements in the districts affected now ■ on strike.
Fraternally yours,
T. L, LEWIS.
F. J. HAYES.
EDWIN  PERRY.
By ordor of International Exocutlvo
Board.
PROMOTING A
LIBRARY IN
FERNIE
City .Council Give Ear to
Those in Charge of
Movement
BUILDING OPERATIONS  BUSY.
There are practically no-artizans of
the building trade idle at the present
writing because of "the- great local
needs demanded. '  .
, Under the head of in course of construction there are:
New Catholic church.       ' *
Tlie Home l?ank.
The Provincial Courthouse.
Remodeling and enlargement of the
Crow's Nest Trading company.
' Addition to the Northern Hotel.
Residences of Shcnvbod, Herchmer,
L.'A. S. Dack, William S. Keay and
ninny others. '
The completion of the Anglican
church, etc.
AH of this Is indicative " of the
steady development that is In progress pointing to tho Increasing stability of Fornie as- a commercial
center.
MINERS WERE DECORATED.
INFORMATION  WANTED.
During the current week the City
Fathers have''had many matters of
vital Import to the community under
consideration.' After a somewhat
wordy discussion relative to the actions-of ,the previous council it was
decided to delegate Chief Electrician
R. G. B. Hammond' and Chief Engineer R. Potter to ascertain the volume* of water and the potential
energy resultant of Fairy Creek with
a view to submitting a proposition.to
Mr. A. McDougall relative to its'utlli-,
zation.
Fire fighting with all its adjuncts
was thoroughly debated and Mr.
Harry Wilkes was commissioned to
undertake tho building of the' necessary receptacles for hose to, be kept
in various sections of the muniicipal-
ity. An additional ladder sufficiently
long "to be used in case of the
emergency ,of removing people from
upper stories - or combating, flames"
that demanded close attention was
also ordered to be made. ■
The question of the installation of
a fire alarm system is to be submitted to the ratepayers for decision
through a by-law the full conditions of
which are to' be found elsewhere in
this paper. *
Messrs. D. A. McDonald and J. W.
Bennett,   a . committee  appointed  by
= fl*,£_ nnnnlnl nnimmH-l•ail_r\*n==fiT _T\ .-11 n (**-*-
Library" ,to,-interview .he council on
this important matter- appeared -be-
for this body* on Thursday where
tliey were well received and the recommendation they brought'met -with
the unanimous approval of,the council, who will comply with' their suggestion and Bubmlt a by-law calling
for a sum of Three * Thousand Dollars for the purpose of Instituting a
lending1'library and maintaining the
same. The mayor has consented to
his room in the Council Chamber being used until such' time as more commodious quarters are needed,
u The Inst payment was authorized
for. the construction of the Isolation
hospital to Mr. Archlo McLean,
Several other minor matters such
as filling in and fixing up crossings
etc., were dealt with.
LONDON. Aug, 6.—King„George, at
Marlborough House, in the presence
of the Home Secretary and other government officials decorated 62 miners
for conspiclous gallantry in having or
attempting to save life in-the recent
colliery disasters, presenting them
with King Edward medals.
LABOR TOPICS.
SHIPYARD WAGES.
President of the Board of Trade and
Proposed Conciliation  Board.
MA KOLA SHO
SHA SHIM
PO
Oriental Oaths and Obligations Observed
In Court
/
PROTE8T.
Wo, tho minors    of    Mnplo Leaf
Locnl No. 2820, U. M. W. of A„ nt.
a spoclnl  mooting strongly protest
ngninst tho notion now bolng takon
against Brothor Docoux   nt   Frnnk
nftor bolng oxonoratod from nil blamo
by a coronor's Jury to ho still'kopt
In prison nnd not ovon nllowod ball.
Wo, tho minors of Raid local, hopo
tho govornmont ot Alborta will kind-
ly tako thsl oRpoclal caso In hand
nn oarly ns posslblo.
Blgnod on behalf of (ho nuovo locnl.
A. ANDIflUBON,  I'rooldont.
W. JINKS, Vlco ProBldont,
M. K, aiLDAY, Financial Sec,
13. SHERMAN, Iloc. Soc,
.Peter Miller has received a lottor
asking for information that will load
to tho locating of ouo Alexander
Bordon, hailing, from Glnco Bay, Capo
Breton. This party worked at Coal
Crook shortly boforo tho big flro and
It Is supposed, or at least It was re
porlod that ho was ono of two mon
who was burnod to doath botwoon
horo and Ilosmor, Ills mother still
thinks him nllvo and would bo grateful for.any Information that will load
to his discovory. Communications
nddrossod to undersigned will bo
acknowledged.
' " CHARLES MATHESON,
Dominion No. C, Capo Breton, N. S,
Official Returns.
Wo, tho officers of Local Union, No.
..; '.horeby certify that the' following Is a correct report of the numbor of votes cast for and ngalnst tho
following proposition:
"Shall tho International Exocutlvo
Board bo empowored to levy nn assessment of 25 cents per wook, or
$1.00 por month,' on "nil mombors nt
work, to go Into offoct August 1 and
contlnuo until Novombor 1, 1910."
Numbor  ot  votes for nssoHsment
ttiiitiitii.tiiitttiittttitttii-ji*
Numbor of votes against assessment
Attost:
  President.
 '.  Socrotnry.
(Seal of L. U.)
INCORPORATION PAPERS FILED.
Ono of tho Provincial Government's
guests took advantage of tho nbsonco
of tho gaoler who was superintending
tho fighting of flro to mnko his do-
parturo for parts unknown. Although
this vory uiigrnloful Individual Iiiih
loft so uncoromonlounly ovory offort
Is bolng mado hy soarchlng parties
eiiRor to ascortaln hia prosont whoro*
nhoutfl.
NOT   RESPONSIBLE   FOR
HIS WIFE'8 DEBT8
I will not bo roflponslblo for any
dobt contracted In my namo by my
wlfo Mary McDonald or Mary Bnrr
from this dnto as sho has loft my bod
and bonrd.
IIROTOR MCDONALD,
Ilosmor, II, C.
Incorporation papors have just beon
filed by the Black Diamond Collieries,
limited, who havo acquired coal niln-
lug rights to seven sections, -I.-ISO
acres, on tho main lino of the Grnnd
Trunk Pacific railway, about 00 miles
wost of Edmonton, Alborta, and ono
mile from tlio town of Knlwlstlo.
Thoro nro throo seams on tho proporty, ono of four fool, ono of five
feot nnd ono of 15 foot, of a high-
grndo of lignite coal; The coal soams
aro exposed along tho bank of the
Pomblna. rivor for a distanco of .10
miles, tho soams varying In thick-
noss from 12 to 20 foot, Tho Pomblna' rivor passes tho proporty about
a milo to tho west.
Tho Sharp and Irvine, compnny of
Spokano, Wash., who own tho controlling stock In this compnny, announce that development work will
start on lho proporty at onco.
Whilst Mr. Havelock Wilson is endeavoring to get some of the grievances of seamen.rectified there is
trouble brewing amongst'the buildera
of ships. ' This concerns principally
the payment of wages. Masters and
man have already held a conference,
but thero are a large number of trade
unionists involved. The shipyards
wliich are most directly concerned are
mostly on .the Northeast Coast and
the Clyde. The.ro are 18 of the.-*,e
shipyards, and the difficulty of thc
present situation will be better understood when it is stated that they
made an application for an increase
of five , per cent on piece-work, and
1s. a week on time rates, or ^d. per
hour in    cases'   where    payment, is
:t-^n*|^Q^QH=H\r=^l'h0^'hQnyT^_.'T!hn=dGIX)?.--_d=
was made in-.May last. Tllis went 1,e:
fore a central conference twice afterwards, and a meeting has just taken
place at- which the men's leaders
again, pressed for the advance. In
support of this, they made sever.il
statements.^ Bilt'it was ultimately re
solved to place the various points at
issue, with the views of the employers
and tho men's representatives, before
the wholo body of workmen lii'-oived,
nnd it was understood that lhe employers would ■ still further consider
the matter. Another.conference must,
bo held beforo liny definite steps can
bo taken. Mr. Sydney Buxton, tlio
president.of tho Board of Tarda, has
informed Mr. J. Havelock Wilson that
ho will receive a deputation regarding the formation of a Conciliation
Board for tho shipping industry. Ho
added: "Of course, you are aware
that tho Board of Trade havo no
powor to tako any action In such a
matter except with tho general assonl.
of those Interested. The hour which
will suit mo best on the 28th is 12
o'clock." Already over 100 members
of parliament havo promised to attend
with tho deputation. The Shipping
Fodoration, representing tho owners,
have declined to consont to the formation of the suggested board.
One of those incidents' which .s replete with funosilies wliereby the
gloom, of. seriousness may be decreased if not entirely eliminated took
place' in tho Provincial Courthouse
on Friday morning when tho case of
the Crown vs. How See came up for
trial. The quaint phrase "He gets it
In the neck where the chicken gets
£he axe" was exemplified In an amplified form. , • , -. -
There was considerable difficulty
experienced In finding a suitable place
to get the necessary illumination to
aid in the incineration of the candlo
used for the purpose of,administering
the gallinaceous oath to the-slant-,
eyed disciple of Confucius.
It was at    first   thought that an
architect's services would be needed
to find the quality of soil necessary
to  admit  of  the  proper  installation'
of  the  luminant.    One  of the  chief
actors  gave  a  deinonstraton  of  the
correct methods of lighting dope and
as the oil lamp was lacking, Alladln1'
not being    within    niarconigram dis- *
t-ance one of the govornment officials
obtained  a  Foulds  safety lamp  and
filled the long felt want.   When' the
decapitation was effected the hemeo
globinary particles   were   plentifully
sprinkled  over both  the  representa-
_ti-V.es. _pf_the-_land-the__cl_u_li_to'_ the
detriment of their wearing apparent. ,
The, execution was performed In a
sorr.jwhat botched fashion with an axo
of t.'*,i.i '-tt variety* or more correctly (..--mul a two-bitted head
chopper;*1 - >
. "Button, button -who gets the button?" was the game' played, but' as
Is appropriate it was paraphrased
Chicken! Chicken J who got tlio
rooster ? "'
„ Diligent search bus been mnde for
the broiler,"and although we understand Chief Sampson hud designs upon
It, Editor Pedlar his grab hold on
the headless ,bird wo do nol know
whoso epicurean* tastes will be gratified  by  its  succulent flesh.
This is lho present status of lho
prosecution against tho Oriental
gontlomnn by tho namo of How Sen or
How Kleo for having In his possession tho forbidden fruit of the poppy.
FUNERAL OF HERO OF
THE BELFAST FIRE
French   Railway   Men  to   Strike.
Former Canadian  Pastor  Is  Interred
With Great Honors—Most Not-
able Seen in Belfast.
TENDERS  WANTED,
Tondors for taking chnrgo of the
undortnklng work of Mlchol Local
Union, Tondors to ho rent In not
Inter thnn tho 30th of August, 1010,
to Mnurlco' Burroll, Socrotnry, Michel,
I», C.
Diamond City, Altn,
To A, J, Carter,
Socrotnry Troasuror District 18,
U. M. W. A„ Fornio, II. C,
At n spf-iolnl mooting nf Local No,
2178 tho following resolutions was
carried umiitiiuou»iy;
Rosolved, Thut this local go ou
record In protesting tho action of tho
public prosocutor of Albertn In bring-
Ing this serious chargo ngalnst Broth-
ci. *nf>r"nnv, nonoclnlly nftor ho wnn
exonerated of any blamo hy a cop
oner's Jury, and that District 18 do
thoir utmost to free thla unfortunnto
brother from this vory grnvo chnrgo.
Signed ou behalf of l/ocal 2178.
oEonaw dobson,
Socrotary.
July 31, 1010.
On -Application for peroiUelon to
havo & Sunday night p-wformonco In
tbo Mlaert' Union Hall for tho benefit
of a now band that (a bolng formed
wna mado to tho City fjouncll by Mr.
Doll er Carmlchaol _ Bell, leu-cot of
tho Crnnd Thcntir. Tho ronuost was
granted.
•. y*.;
.'-■_•■•.
«'*r*i,*..-Sf*1
■  ,;-..*(.' ,        ..
,"■'.    . -     ' *    -\ 1-J- ' ,   -      • *
.■> 7 ■..*." '■ yy-y. ■..;■.■ «
: 'j^y. *?■*:;. y \''y^iyf/,jiy
i. i
i ■"*..■•-1* .mhwi;^}*'*i
.' ■•: &..
■ ~'s    4Vtlt*'  *
*'£**-irT.*tff    t
■■   T *,   *tty?' ■*'•>"'''
-.1 ...  " "     Tt
•^,#i|f.|s*k*^
It Is reported that a gonornl striko
of railway mon In . ruiico Is Imminent..
A voto of tho men has boon takon,
and thoy havo rosolved to tako.tho
great stop, Tho dato on which lho
striko Is to occur has boon kept
socrot; but when It takes placo It will
havo n disastrous effect on tho I rndo
of tho country. At a given Blgiml hy
lho strike commlttoo, nil men will
ceiiHO work. All traffic will bo hcjd
up, and this will cnuso a general dislocation of all busInoHH. Tlie fioiicrnl
Labour Federation of Franco In likely
to tako advantage of tho situation,
nud hope to bo nblo to bring about
n gonornl striko!' The grlovanco of
tho French rallwnynn.il Is that llio
coinpanlos have not takon any notice
of Iho man's demands, Tlio govorri*-
mont. has boon npiiealud to, but have
not responded, exccpl In inking Dw
imiinl course of propnrlng for any possible nmorgoncy. The goi'iirnmoiit only
nntlclpntr- ii partial strike, in view of
llio fact that tlm mon working nn
lho state rnllwny nrn now lining paid
tho minimum wnnn of in. I d, tvr
tiny, nnd thnt. n wn.»kly day of rest
Ih bolng applied by all tlin compniiie-i
This Is a great Improvement, as nil
tlin iyi-mi hnve hitherto hnd to work
BKI.FAST, Aug, C—Tho funeral of
tho Into Uov. Mr. McCnughan was ono
of tho most romarknblo over seen.
Belfast residents crowded to tho
momorliil sorvlco In tho May St.
Chapel. Tho Lord Mayor was present. Tho moderator of lho Presbyterian church and several ministers.,
conducted services, whereat oiiloglcnl
spoechos woro delivered. The funeral
procession was over a mile long, Including 2fi0 clergy of all denominations and members of eorponUloun nnd
public.'bodies. Tlio route to lho com-
elry was lined wltli„H,vnipallilzei*H do-
Kplte iho IncoKsnnt niln,
NEW   LAOOR  UNION.
Alteration  In  Case of Weitern  Federation Is Not Given Authority
D«m,inded.
DKNVMil, Aug, il,—Intimation of
the forming of a new labor iinloii of
national scope, comprising tlio West,
em ..'ilprntlnn of Miners, tlio United
Mine WorkorR of Amorlcn and lho
Hici'l Wotkortt of tin* country Ih tnadu
today by ricmlilcnt Clmrli'H II.
Moyor of tlm WoKtorn Kedcrntlon of
Minors.
The format Ion of such n union wiik
presented as an alternative of affiliation with the American Foilerntlon
__&rlvV.-t V-.V.
WOULD VOU  RECOGNIZE IT NOW?
of Lnbor In onuo thnt organization
sovon days a week. Thoro Is trnuhlu) il-velliioit to dclcgato to tho Western
in rugiitil to lho ton-liour \Miintu-4 iin)   tcuii-i-i'mii   (ut-  <>.-.i>i<'-,cj   <iViii.i.*(.J<
and the compni'ioH refuse to altor
this tir-causo it would Interfere with
tlm working of 1ho trains?*
\\'n -niiol nvti-tHl hnnrtv rnnfrniti-
tutto-iis to our cuti-m for his nnvut
doparturo of following In our foostop^
by tho Introduction of a parngrapn
that must have liwii hm* nt tin- time
of lho destruction of Ilnlicl and wouM
piiiczlA tho mont learned philologist to
Interpret. Ilylii culms wawa xw hulo
luimtux nlkfl.
that all men hii ployed nbout mines
lm placod uiulfr the Jurisdiction of
tlm Western  Federation. «
VFRY   RAM   CAflF.
Tho Calgary llornld gnvit a
rrodltnblo description of Pernio and
Its lndu»lrlo« ulnco tlm flro In itn
luno of July SOth. Thi* Is tho rcmtlt
of xho patnataklng labor* of Itt uu-
r*M(jx>-nilf«t Mr. II, h. Colllna, who hat
Im-Mi aaildiiou* In thn wimpllittlon tf
the dolaUi.
PlllNCM AM1KHT. Hank., Aug. tl.—,
Mnry Hrntt, a pretty ltl-ynir-otd i,lrl,
illi-d    In    tic     Ihih-iUiiI  today from
«m(;lect prior-to   child   birth.   Tlm
child was born wlillo tin'- mothor was
suffering from convulsion-*.
,    Dr. Hawk of Melforl wits nrri'stod
|cliargi»d with  Illegal prnctlco in tlm
vory *'une.    I)i< wim miminc-l tn bnll mul
will appear ax Prlnco Allmrt nsi-lios.
Thfre nro -»xc«tl|i*>nt pronpc-rt-4 of tho
t'ltsblUbmenl of a now InduHtry hero
that will rater principally to our
Italian cltlzona who aro fond of
macaroni, vermicelli nnd spaghetti. 'V>5
PAGE TWO
THE   DI8TRICT  LEDGER,  FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 9, 1910.
Facts Underlying The
Japanese War Scare
How; Business
Interests Tend
to Embroil the
Nations Into all
Kinds of Traps
LONDON, August 6.—Francis MeCullough, formerly of the Japan
Times, Tokio, writes in the Leader
the following view of the Japanese-'
American war scare:    - ., *
"'He would be a bold man who would
venture to institute, in the presence of
Americans, any comparison between*
"the United States and Russia—except
in the matter of size"; but it seems,
nevertheless, that, in her relations
with Tokio, Washington is-being victimized by the1 very forces which led
the Russian nation blindfold, six years
ago, into the dreadfuLManchurlan war.
In both cases we have the vague and
sinister financial figures in the background, while before the footlights we
have the jingo journalist and the
frenzied "patriot."
Russia was dragged into the Japanese war by a small group of courtiers who wore Interested in the Yalu
timber business, which was not, at
best, worth more than a few million
roubles a year. The United States is
, being cleurly dragged into hostilities
by certain persons who are interested
in the trade of Manchuria—a trade
which only amounts to a few million
dollars of profit so far as America
is concerned.
As a result of the war Russia very
nearly went to .pieces; and her collapse led directly to the German move
in Morocco, the Austrian move in the
Balkans and to a general unsettle-
ment In Europe. In 1900 Russia withdrew her attention from her sister
peoples, Southern Slavs, , and concentrated all the efforts of her diplomatists, her administrators, and her
soldiers on a part of the world which
" can never really be hers, but which
' is irrevocably'bound to be deep yellow. In that distant region she was
bled white, and before she has recover:
ed her strength Germanism had its
grip on Servia's throat. We all remember what followed—how Russia,
unable to raise a hand in support
of the sister race, was even forced
to stop talking by an ultimatum from
Berlin. -
An Eastern Imbroglio.
In the same way the United States
is  now  invited  to withdraw  her attention from Mexico, the Canal, Central  America,   and   South "America—
*   where one would think that, all her
interests  lie—and is  enthusiastically
,. encourage to entangle herself in the
' politics of the Yellow Races. cIf she
" accepts  the invitation, she will live
-^■fn_ rnPT-pt— \t-—nprhrms—whp.n_the_-Gp.r_-
mans have seized Sao Paulo or Rio
Grande, do   Sul,   and  Washington   is
afraid of lodging even a verbal protest,
The  temptation  is  the  more  insidious in the case of the United States,
because  it sometimes  comes  in  the
shape of a suggestion'to do something
heroic and altruistic.   When we were
tempted, and fell, the demon of, war
.came  to  us garbed  as  an  Angel  of
Light.    "Englishmen  are  fighting to
protect their women   from    insult.'"
said the .Dally Mail on the outbreak
of the South African war.
But the treatment of the Chinese
and. Koreans by Jnpan would not
justify the United States in taking
tho field, as In no case could she
dislodgo tho Mikado's troops from
Korea and Manchuria. The United
States first duty is to hor own people,
not to the' heathen Chinee. And.
whichever way the victory goes; tho
, American people will bo tho sufferers. Victorious, they will become a
prey to jingoism, Imperialism, ami the
big-armament mania. Defeated, thoy
will loso tho Philippines nnd mont ot
■ thoir fleet. And, on a calm rovlow
of the situation, I think that If thoy
mado war at tlio prosont moment
ihey would certainly bo defoatod. .
Profits of War.
Tho Russian grnnd dukes rather
liked wnr scaros, for thoso war scares
gnvo St. Petersburg a good excuse
for assigning monoy for new battleships, and this money helped tho grand
dukos to build delicious littlo villas In
tho environs of Paris, and Nnples, and
on tho Fronch Rlvorla. Somo Influences on tho othor sldo of the
Atlantic nlso npponr toliko war scaros
for, as nn Invariable rulo, thoy become very active while tho naval appropriation bill Is under consideration in commltteo, nnd continue In
activity till tho bill is safoly through
tho houso. Slnco 1901! this peculiar
coincidence hns boon a regularly, recurring phenomenon, nnd this yoar it
was as marked as ovor. I do not,
of courso, suggest, that theso scaros
ore engineered by nnyono hnvlng a
selfish Inton-Ht. In bringing about largo
appropriations for battlcHhlps, otc, I
And, of course, Mr. Jacob II,
Schulff'H, tho grcnl bankor nud loan
monger of Now York, Is Inspired by
tlm purest patriotism when, Hpi-nlo
Ing In tlm nnmo of tlm Unitod fltntns,
he thrcittejiH Japan with war. Ilo has
no flnnnclnl Interests In tlio matter
ut nil faltliougli lm did mnko a w>
of moimy out of the RiiHHn-.laiiiiiieno
wnr.) In the words of tlio Novoo
Vrcmyn, ho Is angry with Dla-Nlppon
•♦.♦
STAY   AWAY.
because "she, has ceased to play the
role qf Avenging Angel for Judaism,
and bas made with Russia and China
arrangements which' will ensure the
peace of the Far East for many years
to come.", '   .i   '.   ..'    s   „
Eastern Experts.
..But it;, is nevertheless singular, as
the New York Evening Post remarks,
that.the state department at Washington is absolutely without facts supporting Mr. Schaiff's views, That department has "explicitly declared" to
the Evening Post's Washington correspondent, that no supported claim of
discrimination lias been reported to
the department by any diplomatic or
consular officer in the East or by any
merchant or commercial interest seeking to do business in .Manchuria. It
is oven further declared that no complaints are on file made by American
commercial interests of discrimination
against them.   .
Tho only thing known to the state
department that would ever warrant
such a charge is a report made by
our consul, Mr, Cloud, from Mukden,
which wns made public last November. Mr. Cloud is no longer in* the
consular  service.
What the man* in the street lacks
(says the same very able and trustworthy American paper, is a-simple
narrative of facts which he may apply
as a test to the forbidding conclusions
of the suddenly acquired crop of Far-
Eastern "experts" which the United
States now possesses. • :
In the complete absence of "facts"
it might be as well,* perhaps,, to test
the character of the "experts." . I
know one*very prominent American
expert" on things Japanese who" is
the leader of the present journalistic
campaign against, Japan. .He says thut
he has "studied the Far Eastern question for 10 years," but,'as a matter of
fact, he only paid several flying visits
to the Far East. During these visits
he never set foot outside the treaty
ports. He. lived in foreign hotels,
where it is as Impossible to study' the
manners and customs of the natives
as it would be In an express train
rushing * through the country at the
rate of a mile a minute. 'When first
I met him it was among the Russians,
andi he was most violently anti-Russian. When next I met him, in a
Yokohama hotel, he was pro-Russian
and most violently anti-Japanese.
This i3 one of the' hysterical journalists'who are egging on the United
States' to_war. jm .the_.strength__of_their_
unsupported word that Japan is a
menace to the'-trade of the United
States and to tho peace of1 the, Pacific!      ° '   * '
♦ Notice to All  Mine Worker*.. -♦;
♦ "All. miners" are requested to' ■♦
♦ stay away,from Irwin, Madison, ♦
♦ Greensburg, Latrobe and other ■♦
♦ mining towns in Westmoreland ♦
♦ county, where a strike has been ♦
♦ in effect-since April 1," 1910, the ♦*
♦ coal companies haying refused ♦
♦'to recognize    the   miners' or- ♦
♦ ganization or enter into a work- 4?
♦ ing agreement.   Agents, of the ♦
♦ coal corporations are "shipping ♦
♦ men from various parts of the ♦
♦ country to take the. place of the ♦
♦ strikers by'misrepresenting the ♦
♦. true condition of affairs.    "       ♦
♦ * FRANCIS FEEHAN, ,   ' ',♦
♦" President! • ♦
♦ T. DONOVAN,   , -      , ♦
♦ . ■      ft,Sec'y-Treas. ♦
Bailie's mine, Sandhill colliery, got
an increase.of a penny per ton due
to increased length of draw. It was
ascertained that the roads had Increased the length to the' extent
which warranted the allowance under
the agreement. <• . " ',"»-•-   "* "
The question of men working oh
enforced idle days has .been under
consideration. The management Btate
that, only.- a- few men employed- in
•special places" are working, and
they agree to keep these at the lowest
possible number.
. Mr. Doonan met the men employed
In". No. -7 Northrigg on Monday afternoon. Organization and other matters
were dealt with. It was reported that
the number, of men working on enforced Idle days was unwarranted.
This' matter was taken up with the
management and placed ■> in a more
satisfactory position. „
SCOTTISH   MINE   NEWS.
The shipments of coal from Scottish
ports for lsst week amounted to 361,-
635 tons, being an Increase of '29,627
tons over the shipments of the previous week and of-^8,286 tons compared with the shipments for the corresponding week of last year.
Arrangements, are .now well under'
way for Lanarkshire miners' annual
gala day, which takes place on the
20th*lnst. At an interval in the sports
program a mass meeting will be held
at which Mr. Robert, Smillie will preside.- Addresses will be delivered by
Mr..Stephen .Walsh, M. P.; Mr. J. A.
Seddon, M. P., and Bailie McKerrell.
. Hamilton town council has for some
time had under consideration the question of working out the remaining coal
in one of the Clyde pits' on Hamilton
town lands.' The difficulty,that besets
the council is to take out the coal
without causing surface damages to
the properties standing on the ground.
The council has now appointed a deputation to visit Germany to see at
first hand the German methods of
dealing with such'a contingency. Mr.
David Gilmour ,of Lanarkshire Miners'
Union is one of the deputation.
RACE ANTAGONISM   IS
BITTER  IN  AUSTRIA
Emperor Francis Joseph Has Difficult
Task With Warring  Elements.    °
VIENNA, Aug. C—In no country in
Europo if in tho world, Is- there more
numerous or more bitter race antagonism than in the empire over which
tho aged Francis Joseph presides,
Czech, Magyar and Germans are always ready to fly at each others'
throats. Polo nnd Ruthenlan aro at
daggers drawn, Servian nnd Bosnian
aro ready to fight at the slightest provocation or at no provocation at all,
and so It goos from ono end of tho
omplro to tho othor.
It Is this which'causes grave doubt
In tho minds of European statosmon
ns to whether or not tho omplro will
survive tho prosont emperor many
months. Francis Joseph has succeeded ln holding tho balance botwoon tho
half hundred or moro different nationalities among his subjects nnd
thus held his empire togothor.« It Is
moro than doubtful If his successor
will bo nblo to do it.
An instance of tho violent rnco an>
tlpathy which provnils was furnished
by tho recent studont riots nt tho
Loniburg University,
Without tho .lector's permission 300
ntitlionlnn stuilonts hold a mooting of
protost In tho great hall, and on leav«
Ing wore met by a body of Polish
studonts, Blows followed abuso, and
rovolvors woro freely usod, the polico
bolng unable to Hoparato tho combat*
ants. Tho 1100 Hludonts woro mnrched
undor a mllltnry oseort bnck to their
rooms,
Sovornl st root, fights took placo
shots woro fired by tho Huthonlnns
just nt tlm mnmnnt whon tho Polish
students hnd lmrrlcnded llio Rector's
offlco with forms and chiilrH to proven I. the RiillionliuiB from entering,
Tho latter tlmn llrod In tho nlr, nnd
dealt blows among their foes with
Iron bars. A ltiitlmnlnn tlmologicnl
student, named Adam Koczkow, wos
shot llirough lho lioad and convoyed
io tho hospital, where ho soon died
of his wound, Might others woro
badly wounded by shots from revolvers wlillo ton iituilouts suffered from
tlm affecth of blown from clnlm nnd
sticks,
Lanarkshire Miner3' Union Rules.
At the monthly conference of the
Lanarkshire miners' union—Mr. James
Tonner*-.- presiding—the chairman reported that the executive committee
had, agreed to recommend to the
county miners that ,as the Old Age
Pensions Act had come into operation
since the rules of the association were
framed,., the receipt of an old age
pension should not be. held as a barrier to union funeral benefit in those
cases in which it was previously due
under the law. ■ ..*   '
The committee also recommended
that tho receipt of outdoor parochial
-reliei-should-not-be-held-as-a-disquali
fication for funeral benefit provided
that satisfactory proof was submitted
that the funeral expenses had been
paid by the sons of widowed mothers.
It was agreed that a special conference should be held at an early date
,to deal with the proposed' alteration
of' rule regarding the election of officials and executive committee for
tho ensuing term, The 15th of July
was fixed as the latest date for,receiving voting papers. *
A Woodmulr Colliery Complaint.
A section of men employed in Woodmulr colliery recently complained of
their drawing conditions. The management considered the matter, and
agreed to relieve them of the drawing,
fixing It by contract, while the face
men did the hewing and filling of the
coal. The agents and manager tentatively discussed the proposed new
conditions, and an agreement as to
the rates was come to. The ■ men
agreed to give the new conditions a
fair trial. Mr. Doonan met tho men
later, and found there was some dissatisfaction with the wages earned
under, the new* conditions and rates.
On inquiry it was shown that very
little increase was made in the output, and in some cases none, although
the miners were relieved of the draw<
Ing and had their drawers with them
all the time at the "face." In.'.these
circui-istances he advised that. the
old system „be. reverted to, and the
"management have now agreed to this
being done. . '  '
■ A ballot of- the men employed in
Foulshiels colliery is being taken to
ascertain whether they are in favor
of a Workmen's Benefit Society. There
is a desire to have this question discussed with the men employed in
Logahlea colliery, and a meeting has
been called for that purpose.
Beware of
Imitations
Sold oh the
Merits bf
Minard's
Liniment
August 6-11.
45 8t«am-Heated Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths:
7 ,7- -■*** '. : " •
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial'" Hotel
The Finest Hotel In East. Kootenay-
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
- improvement at Polmaies.
■ There is a. slight improvement in
the coal trade of this district. For
several weeks much broken time was
experienced, particularly at the Mill-
hall colliery, but just now fairly regular employment is being obtained,
and it is stated that the outlook is
brighter.—U."M. W. A. Journal."
VICTORY OF LABOR
:    OVER  BIG COMPANY
What Ails You?
Tin vou feel wenk, tired, despondent, hnve freqnrnt he*d-
■ohci, touted tongue, Kilter or bud tutte in niornin|,
"heirl'liuin," ti-tlchinil of ia*, acid ristn-fi in throat after
eafin-f, atomach <naw or burn, foul breath, dizzy apclli,
poor or variable appetite, names at tlmei and kindred
aymptomiiP
If you bene any oonilderable number of tha
abova lyrnplomi you ere autferlet from billon.
b«m, torpid Iii«r with It»J!i«ttloo, or JytptptU.
Dr. PItrc-a'a Golden Medical Dheottary le made
tip nf the mott valuable medicinal principle*
known to medical teienea for (ba permanent
eure of mob abnormal condition!, It ia a moat
e&cUat liter iavllorator, ttomaeb taale, bowel
regulator ani aerie ttrenf tbanar.
the "Golden Medical DUeovary" It not a palest tntdlclse or tee-rat MM-taMf
a full Iiii ol itt intN-iMt* hclaf printed on if* bottle-wrapper aad atlaataJ
aadar rtath. A *\Unfr at thn# will tihow that it rental*! ne elcnhei, or bana*
W Ubit-formiol dtxitt. It it a fluid cttracl made with pure, iHpU-totawl
pyeeriet, of proper atrtafth, from the root* of aatlva A marie** marfltal.
Ureal plan!*.   World'a Diipenti rr Medical Attac-iatlaa-, Trope.. Bufala, N.T»
Motherwell Miners Wish Advances In
Rates.
Mr. Henry Corns of, Hamilton has
been appointed by the miners employed in No. 4 pit, Watson's collieries,
to fill tho position of checkweigher
there as successor to .the lato Mr.
Thomns Mowat. • ,   '
A roductlon of 3d por ton has been
intimated to tho mon omployod In tho
Pyotshaw seam No. 3 pit, Watson's,
but Mr. John McDormott Is meantime
In negotiation with the manager with
regard,to this claim.
Ton ratos ln Logan's colliery, No. 1
pit, do not seem to bo satisfactory to
the minors omployod thoro. Thoy have
Intimated to the manager, through Mr.
McDermott, a claim for an ndvnnco of
4d por ton. Thc manager, lt is snld,
has refused to glvo any advance, and
tho exeuctlve commlttoo of tho union
will now bo asked to doal with tho
matter.
A clnlm for nn advance In rates hns
boon mndo by tho minora omployod In
tho Brandon section, mnln coal, Park*
hoad colliery, Mr. Hamll, who was
doallng with tho mattor, has now beon
Informed by the manager that ho Is
prepnrod to grnnt n concession. Tho
offer will bo submitted to tho mon at
n mooting this wook.
Coalburn Men Dissatisfied With Their
Rate*,
Mr. Clllmour mot tho manngor at
Ponlel colliery this wook to discuss
tbo quostion of ton ratos nt that col-
llory. Tlio mon aro still dlssatlsflod
wltb the ratos pnld, wlillo tho mnnngor
contends Hint Mm prosont rnto Is
nmplo. Ilo Is, howovor, prepared to
submit Mio wholo mnttor to arbitration.
A Douolnt Grievance,
' Mr. Bmtlllo visited .nnfol_.li col
llnry on Tuesdny, nnd mot thn mnn
nger with regard to n claim for nn In
rronseil ton rnto In ono of tho sections
llioro." Tl'n mnnngor, It. Is reported,
refused nny ndvnnco. Tlio on-cost
mon nt this colliery complain tlmt
ntxnxn nf tbotr number nro bolnc kept*
regularly on tho night shift. Thoso
mon want alternate night nml day om-
ployment. Tho mnnngor has ngrocd
to ronced*-**- this n*t fnr nu possible.
Privy   Council   Enters   Judgment  for
Plaintiff After Three Years'
__Ljti g atioh. 	
Thr
Armadale Affaire,
\n    „     nlf.rli*'    trn tirfiyfim nnl     in
Mm work obtnlnod nt sovornl of tho
pits In thin district. This applies to
Woodond nnd Crnlnrigg colllorlos.
A Boctlon of mon omployod In No. lti
Armndnlo colliery got Intimation of a
change in their rntos. It appears thnt
lho hnulnge hnd been extended, and
tho drawing roads woro considerably
shortened In conacnuonce. Tho minera'
officials arranged some tlmo ntxn with
tho mnnngomont a system whoroby n
curtain Increase wai Riven un the
rates fnr n specified Increased longth
of draw nnd vlco von*. Thin system
ha* irotii-wt out fairly aatltfuttorlly.
fTpfln Inanity b<»ln*r mad-**, It wan
found that tbo adjustment of rate*
wn* carried ont ns arranged.
A section   of   men   employed In
Dispatches from London today announce that the .Privy Council have
allowed the appeal of Mir. G. P. White
in the* action brought by him against
the Victoria Lunjjjer &' Manufacturing
company. The "Privy Council by their
judgment have reversed the judgment
of the full court of British Columbia,
and have restored the verdict of the
jury. They also stated that the decision of the full" court was a judicial
misadventure.
Mr. White is a laborer, residing ln
South Vancouver, and after a long
fight, lasting over a period of three
years, he has beon successfuMn his
action. The action arose out of tho
death of his son,'who was nn engineer
at* Chemainus, Vancouver Island,,, in
the employ of the Victoria Lumber &
Manuafcturlng company. On November 5, 1907, a runaway occurrod on
the railway owned by tho company,
nnd as a result, of the accident two
men lost thoir lives and several weig
Injured. Mr. White's son was ono of
tho killed. The parents brought un
action agnlnst tho company for damages, alleging that tho brakesman em-
ployed was Incompetent, and that an
Improper safoty switch had beon provided by the company. The action
wont to.trlnl In March, 1908, at Vancouver, beforo Mr. Justice Clement
nnd a special Jury. Tho verdict was
in favor of tho plaintiff for 150,000.
Tho company appealed to tho full
court of British Columbia and tho
npponl wns honrd by Chlof JubUco
Hunter, Mr. Justlco Irving and Mr.
Justlco Morrison. Tho full court do-
llvorod judgment In Soptomber, 1900,
setting nsldo tho verdict of tho jury,
and sending tho case bnck for a now
trlnl. Chlof Justlco Hunter was ef
tho opinion that tho verdict of the
jury was wrong, nnd thought thnt
judgment should bo ontorod for tho
dofondnnts. Mr. JubUco Irving
thought thnt tho jury hnd glvan too
high damages, nnd ngrood that there
ought to bo a now trial. Mr. Jtmlloo
Morrison dlsngrood with both, and
hold Hint tho vordlct ot tho J.uy
Hhouhl stand,
Tho plaintiff, through his solicitors
Messrs. McCrossnn and Ilnrpor, re-
fused to ncccpt tho judgment ot tho
full court, nnd npponlod from tlio doclslon to tho Privy Council. Tho npponl wnn hoard Mils month boforo tho
Privy Council, consisting of Lord Mo
Niiughton, Lord Atkinson, Lord flhuw,
Lord Morsey nnd Bit* Honrl Tnsehnr-
onu. Tbo Privy Council by thoir do-
clslon havo dUngrood with tho Judg-
•rtir-nt nf CMtlof .Tiistlro Huntnr nnd Mr.
Justlco Irving, nnd hnvo rontorod lho,,
judgment ontored by Mr. .fuuticd Clement on tho.vordlct of tho jury.
Mr. Ooorgo B. McCrosson, of the
firm of McCroBsnn & TInrpor of this
city, argued tho appeal   boforo   tho
I'plvy   fntmrin    nnrl   Mr    t     A     RtTtintl
IC. C., nnd Mr. 8. A. T. Rowlntt, hoih
of I/mdon, flpjloarod In behalf of tho
dofondnnts,
In nn Interview thla *morn!n.r Mr.
Harpor commented on tho fact thet
this In ono of tho fow cases ln which
a working mnn hna wined n victory
ovor a compnny In British Columbia,
nnd ho pointed out the onormous
cost that It Involved. Through thrco
years or litigation Mr. Whito haa bat.
tied on. and won 'hrough In tha end.
Thn rtefencft wat baie-d upon allogod
cmitrlb*.|tory negllgeTjc* on th* pnrt of
yew'*".■WMJei *«* H WM "J*19 'Wi
that Chlotnnnllro Honfcr beard bla
docUlou In. favor of tho defendant j,
but tho Privy Connell rovorned thnt
decision.—Dully Provincial.
J43M.
YOUR STORE'S AFIRE! k
Cling!. Clang! go the fire' bells
and off the firemen are to the
scene of devastation.,. I say! Mr.
Merchant! '- ,-
ARE YOU INSURED?
If not, it will be a "dead" loss this
time/as everything is going up "in'
smoke."    '.
Take warning and have us
WRITE YOU UP   .
, SOME FIRE INSURANCE
Don't let above dream come true.
M. A. KASTNER   •
—Insurance=and =Reai=Estate.
Fernie Opera House
Moving
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
Every
Night
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr,
,i      •        i    ..
Are necessary these days, to keep
out those pesky flies. We have
the very latest hi these goods and
invite yoiir inspection.^ ;.-/
Goal  Oil Stoves for
Hot Days
;..."•"•   Is a blessing to every hoiisekeep-
^ , y er.and once tried is ahvay used
when occassion requires—carried
in several sizes at. right prices.    ,
Hardware      J;   D.   QUAIL     ''Fiirn'iture
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
DON'T   TRAMP. ALL   OVER
-but follpw, the sign■_that leads*
* to  this .yard." '* It *is  the  best
* place we know pf to buy lumber,
for, a  fenc'e.''h.enc_opp,^_bam._orj
house.
..   seasoned; lumber: "■
kiln-dried, the best to be had
and at lowest.prices is what we
offer merchant, farmer or banker. Get lumber here and. your.
; buildings will stand the ravishes
.of time and will, be the kind
you can point to and be proud of
Phone 23 P. O. Box 22
OFFICE and YARD,   McPHKRSON  AVE., OPP. Q. N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE
*****T/r^yH-**VHHbtt^
, 1        ** *t .
Be Up-to-date and Equip Your Works with
Canadian General Electric Co.
Induction Motors
Full Information and Quotations Cheerfully Furnished   '
Calgary Branch Office;      325 A Eighth  Ave,   West
^***************************************^
CANADIAN  MINER
„   BEING  VICTIMIZED
Coal Company, Dodging Responsibility
for Fatal Accident, Trier .0 Convict Union Man of Murder.
What rIvob promise of bolng n Con-
lull mi Haywood cnuo Is Involved In
tho lioldliiR of Arthur Docoux, a
HolKlnn minor omployod hy tho Can-
..dim* Consolidated Company nt Frank,
Alln., on tho chargo of holnir responsible for tbo donth of a follow minor,
Jonn nnptlsto Lobert. Docoux ncel-
dontnlly permitted n londod mlno car
to (Infill to lho bottom of tho mlno
pit whoro two mon woro working.
Ono of thom, I^obort, wns so hndly
Injured thnt ho died,
A coronor's jury Investigated tho
vi'h-J vt-iy curoiully nnd niter calm
d(*in*['j-.'*l!t**. j'mcL(.'(] lho ivuviuuhi),,
thnt Decoux wns only accidentally
c-oiuioctcd with tho mishap. In thoir
vordlct the jury mado somo nccusn-
tions ngninst tho management, but do
splto this tho company line succeeded
In hnvlng Uoeoux hold nnswcrnblo for
tho donth of Lobert.'
In ordor to justify thoir claim nnd
to nvold responsibility for the donth
of Lobert tho mlno company charges
thnt bocauso Docoux Is a union mnn
nnd Lobert wns not had blood existed
between thom. Throo wltncsacs wore
Induced to swear that they heard Docoux threaten to tnko Lobert's I Mo.
Kvory clrcumrtnnco pointed to outright perjury on tho part of these
witnesses, hut Decoux wna hfld on
tho chargo of murder.
The tflse la a plain frame-up, A
Mr rnrpnrntion viohtrm tho law wllh
regard to tbo safety of Its employes.
A mnn Is klllod. Tho company taea*
a Bult for damages, wltb chances In
Save Your Dollar by
Dealing with Us
Wo havo yot n big nloclc of Summer- Goods to cloar
and to mnko room for our wlntor stock wo offer you
exceptionally good Bnnps in tho following linos.
Men's Suits, reg. $18.00
Men's Undersuits 1.50
Men's Sateen Shirts 1.25
Men's Sox, per pair
KEFOURY
Noxt to Wlgw-'iii Cmnly Htoro
compnny *mu«t t?.nvo monoy,
Dospornto efforts wero mndo to got
wltnoBBOH for tho compnny, '13ocnUfio
tho dond mnn wns not.a membor nf
tho union nnd tho mnn upon whoso
slioutdors tho crime Is to lw saddled
lu 11 union mnn, tne compnny cxpous
to win, It mnttors not to tho compnny that tho attainment of thin ond
miRlit result ln tho hnnglng of an
innocent man. llumnn lifo doos not
count In tho bcuIob ngalnst profit.
As proof of tho fact thnt tho company recognized Its responsibility In
tho mattor Instnnt attention was
given to tho socond rider in tho verdict of tho coroner's jruy, and tbo
grade on the slope whero Lobert was
klllod has boen lowered,
The District Ledger, official orgnn
of the minors' union, has taken np
fhw rswo, and a ntnnntioHn tlftM will
he mado to froo Decoux from tho
clutches of Iho money-mad wolves of
proflt—Tho New York Call, July 27.
(|   Z\ii.i mun T<*>fcljfnw'ii<H FuiiiJ.
Tlm /ui.W/n-f*. ucr Um iunouiUn rocolvod on behalf of this fund up to
July let:
No.     Local Amt,
2850  Kcnmnro    | 150,00
Ifltlt     lint]*,** _ fltft fin
1233 Lillo  12*00
451 Rcllvuo    2KO.O0
1384 Cnnmoro     CO.OO
20 nnnkhond   120,25
102 Tabor    57.00
2540 Edmonton       4,20
574 Loflihrlflg-*   140.00
1950 Tnher       88.45
2829 Mnplo Loaf    .10.00
2883 Colemnn    358.00
2334 Mlchol  057.00
2314 Fernio   225.90
Mr. C. J. EckAlrom, Lothbrldgo 100.00
Friend (J. II.) ,.,..,..,,,.,,,    5.00 ,
A. J. CARTfiR, Sec Tress.
District 18 U, M. W. of A.
Prank 2163  197.00 a'-'- 'r-
lazsmaitaHS*:
THE   DISTRICT  LEDGER,  FERNIE,  B. O, AUGUST 6, 1910.
PAGE THREE
I.' '
io - _
i.-*,*f
&•■■',
iiy
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!<■■
I».'
E*-.-
Ik
_?'(•
Kl*
r***
■j.,',1
lioiise of Lords
(Before* the. Lord Chancellor, Lord
Atkinson,  Lord  Collins, Lord   Shaw,
of Dunfermline,* and Lord Mersey.)
" Thompson (pauper V. R. W. Goold
and Co. "-.'.*•-
pt
i* '
I*-*'
&'•
, Workmen's->"Compensation  Act,   1897:
This was an appeal from two orders
of the Court of Appeal  (the Master,
•, of the Rolls and Lords Justices Moul-
ton aiid Farwell); dated.November 11,
1908,  and  December. 10,  1908.    The
.. case Is reported ,(25-The Times. Law
Reports,   16),.   The  first  order  was
^ Interlocutory, - granting a stay of ex-
'* eciitlon tinder certain "conditions on
an award made by Judge Steavenson
dn an arbitration wherein the appellant
was applicant and. the respondents
were defendants, pending the defendants' appeal from the award. The second was a final order which set aside
the award. The question arose under
the   Workmen's   Compensation   Act,
; 1897, and not under ^hat of 1906. The
accident happened on March 10, 1907,
and" the act of 1906 did not" come into
"operation till July 1, 1907. The respondents were artificial manure
manufacturers, whose works were at
.Drumburgh, In Cumberland, •. and| the
•-appellant whilst at work was struck
In the left eye by a splash of the acid
or mixture arid -practically lost tho
sight  of his left  eye. - The  county
judge awards 15s. a week compensa-
. tion.   The ground of the decision below in favor bf the respondents. was
■ that the'-* claim , was. Insufficient because the amount claimed, was not
-j specified.   The arguments were heard
•i on April, 11. and. 13 last.  ,
■ Mr. ..Cavanagh and Mr., B. B, tlum-
.* phrys appeared for the appellant; Mr.
'-' Sanderson, K. C., and Mr..W. Shakes-
' peare for the respondents.
The appeal was allowed.
The Lord Chancellor.—There is no
doubt that-the decision of the Court
\ of Appeal Iri this  case  has support
■ from earlier authorities,' though' I do
not think that any deliberate opinion
has been expressed in this' .house, or
' even that the, precise question "has
been raised. Your lordships wpuld,
however; at all times, pay** the utmost
respect to these authorities; but I
confess that they' do not convince
me, and ^they seem.tb proceed rather
upon considerations of public policy
.* than *. upon a strict Interpretation-, of
"the. Act of Parliament.   This^act'says
that' "the0 claim.  for  . compensation"
must' be made within . six months of
.-.the.accident.,, it has been held in'the
==i=\jOUrt=^L=Of"^nn.ppeal—that-**    Unie88*Ytii6=
BRITISH. PHYSICIAN    CLAJMS
THERE ARE TOO  MANY  IN
- THE WORLD. ..   ..
Declares ' There   Are   Thousands
Superfluous Children Who Are
,7'a. Nuisance'to' Everybody."
of
amount  claimed   has   been   specified
there  has been no  "claim'for  compensation."    I. cannot, see" \jvhy it
should be so.   There is no such provision in the act Itself; * I mean in
Its actual. terms.   If a''man says_ as
admittedly the' appellant did., say, "I
claim compensation,"' why are we to
conclude that'he did not so claim?
The   reasoning  for   the   respondents
is that, unless a sum is named, the
employer  is  deprived' of  an  opportunity* of. settling the claim and so
avoiding proceedings under the act.
Surely, If. he wants to know he can
ask the question or ho can make an
offer himself.   Perhaps the workman
would answer,, especially If he gavo
tho,notico Immediately after the accident, that ho cannot tell until a little
tlmo has' elapsed what degree oi Injury ho has sustained.   If the act had
.Imposed upon a workman tho duty of
specifying the amount which ho demanded  whon  making the clnlm  It
might have beon thought unfortunate,
bocauso   it   would   ofton mnko the
workman uslt, ns a mattor of prudonco,
, for the maximum ho could possibly
recover.   Rut I forbear from specu-
lntlng whnt lt, would havo beon ndvls-
nblo for tho net to sny.   It is onough
that tho net doos not sny,tho nmount
is to bo specified, nnd, with nil ro-
spoct, wo must construe lt nB it Btnnds.
In my opinion, therefore this npponl
succeeds.   I will ndd thnt, ovon If It
woro noceofliiry to specify tho nmount,
my prosont view Is that tho respondents wnlvod thnt particular,   nut I
should not so decide without further
' consldcrntlon, nml tho point, doea not
nrlso In tho view which I bollovo your
lordships tnko of tho net Itself.
Lord Atkinson rond n Judgment to
tho samo offoct.
Lord Collins expressed concurrenco,
and
Lord 81inw delivered nn ornl Judgment doallng with tlio Scottish authorities undor lho net of 1807 by
which no npponl wnn nllowod from
tho Court or flosBlon to this Moiuo.
Lord MorBoy.—Tho only quohtlon
argued on tho honrlng of this npponl
wnn, whothor tho nppollnnt had mndo
n "claim for compensation" sufflclont
In lnw to comply with tho require-
montH of tho Workmon'B Componmi-
tion Act, 1807. Tho lonrnod county
court Judge docldod thnt ho had, and
gnvo Judgment for tho appollant. Tlio
Court of Apponl cnmo to tho conclusion thnt ho hnd not, and ontorod
Judgment for tho respondents. Tho
fnctB nro quite nlmplo, Wlillo working for tho rospondonts tho nppollnnt
Xnat tho uli-bt nt ono nf his nvos hv
nn nccldont within tho moaning of
tho statute, What iropponei! buu»h>
quontly Ib stated by tho respondents
In paragraph four of thoir cane, "the
nppollnnt within six months of, tho
dnto of tho nllegod nccldont • ♦ * snld
sum of money.    But-then it is sa'.d
that the act of parliament cannot be
administered  properly    unless    such
words be read into it; for tbat it contemplates an opportunity being afforded to the master of settling the claim,
and so avoiding- arbitration proceedings,   and ' that  such  opport.1n.j7 Is
not afforded unless* the workmnn   .rs
how much he wants.   This reasoning
does not satisfy me.   It is a strong
thing to read into! an act of parliament words which are riot there, and
in the absence of clear necessity it is
a* wrong thing to do.   Here I see no
necessity at all for, introducing the
words.   The absence from a claim for
compensation of a named sum does
not prevent the workman from saying how much  he will  accept,  nor
does it prevent the master, from saying how much he will give.   Preferring a claim for compensation is by
no means a necessary preliminary. to
arriving at an "agreement as to the
amourit to be paid.   What the workman is willing to take, or the master
willing  to  pay,   may  be, something
quite different from the measure of
compensation.    Many   considerations
may induce a man to take less or a
master to give more than "compensation."   If tho parties fall to.agree, or
do not try to agree,, then it Is that
compensation has to be fixed; and the
tribunal to fix it is the county court.
Why .should the workman undertake
the task?   Why may he not tell what
is probably the truth,- and say, "I cannot, fix any sum, for I am not skilled
enough'to form an opinion as to the
nature'of joay injuries, or clever enough
to measure them In monoy"? There is,
in fact, no good reason why he should
not take up this position.   It is said,
however, that-the case is settled by
^authority, and reference is" made tb
a number of cases, among which is
th9 Scotch case    of    "Kllpatrick v.
Wemyss Coal Company" (4b Scottish
Law Reporter, 255).. In that case it
was undoubtedly held that the!claim
for compensation   to   be   good must
mention the sum claimed.   But it will
be noticed .hat the decision is largely
based ori dicta to be found iri Powell's
case, decided in this house and reported in 1900 A. C. at p. 366.   Those
dicta, however, were obiter, and I do
not. think they bind, your lordships'
house, even if they, go to the-length
suggested.   For these reasons I come
to the conclusion that there is nothing in the act of "parliament, and nothing in    the* authorities, which constrains, your lordships, to arrive at a
■decision—which^ifj-arrived-at^would-
deprive the->appeilant of the remedy
to which.-otherwise.he is undoubtedly*
^entitled. '-,"'.'-'. Z,
'i Twish further'to add»that, in my
opinion, the respondents by their conduct, ,as appearing from the evidence
of their" own witnesses, dispensed
with the naming of any sum by the
appellant, and thereby estopped them;
selves.from objecting to the form' of
the claim. ,    . ■
Solicitors.—Thwaltes and Thompson, for J. B. Beckton, Carlisle; Inder-
maur and Brown, for Blackburn and
Main, Carlisle.
LONDON, Aug. 6.—It- would be interesting to hear a. commentary by
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt upon the
tenets, which are being' preached by
Dr. Alexander Rlgby, M. D., who has
been delivering urging married'men
and women to limit their families to
the fewest number- of children.; . '
, "None is better than a few, but the
fewer the better," is the terse manner
In. which Dr, Rigby drives home his
argument. ; ,-"-■*•    -;
, Before the Preston Town Council
the physician" criticized Colonel Rbose:
velt very harshly for urging big
families. ■*-".*-       ,.     y •
His speech was made to the council upon the. presentation of a report
stating that .the.town's, birth rate'was
the lowest oh record. Thousands of
superfluous children^ who' were absolutely useless, were brought into the
world, said Dr. Rlgby, and they were
a source of nuisance and trouble to
many people. . The increase of population was maintaining itself and even
improving, and.it was useless for the
town, councils to endeavor tb prevent
a diminution in the birth rate. Formerly epidemics of cholera and smallpox and o wars swept off' the superfluous population, and now there was
riot the' same necessity of Increasing
the number of births.        ..*',.
" If the birth-rate stood at 38, as in
1841;-; people ' would he poverty
stricken, and the towns*, would be
unable to cope, with the population.
Regulating the size" of. families was a
common-sense, economic principle,
and the. council ought to congratulate
itself, that people were getting more
common sense.
THE   CORPORATION. • OF   THE   CITY
OP  FERNIE.  •
BY-tAW NO.  103.
A NEW WAY TO WAR.
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Fresh   Cut'*
Flowers
EMPLOYES VS. GRAND
.   TRUNK   RAILWAY
T. R. Phillips, a Liverpool'engineer,
says he has invented means,of controlling and > directing aerostats by
electricity, controlled etherlcally. He
gave a demonstration at London a
few days since and showed his ability
to raise, lower, drive, stop, and turn
it at will by manipulation of the key-
board of a transmitter.
Mr. Phillips says the principle is
applicable to man-carrying airships
and aeroplanes but is primarily intended for aerial torpedoes. g'I can sit
in an arm chair in London," ho says,
"and make an airship drop a bunch
of flowers iri a friends garden' in Manchester, Paris or Berlin and witlrequal
ease I can make it drop explosives
wherever r_. like." ,1 believe it will
abolish the existing-methods of warfare. I have offered the invention to
tha British, government who will in-
spect it shortly."
SOCIALIST PHYSICIAN DEAD.
NEW YORK, Aug. 6.—Dr. Frederick
Lilllenthal, until a few years ago one
of the leading, German physicians of
this city, is dead at his country home
in the Catskills, aged 77. Dr. Lilllenthal was one 'of the pioneers of the Socialist party in this country. When
the New York paper, the Volk Zeltung
was started Dr. Lilllenthal was one of
its founders. .'■'..■
DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
A very Important caso Involving
points of provincial legal jurisdiction
was recently boforo Judgo Archibald
and n special jury at Montreal. It
was a caso of a railway'laborer, who
wns employed by the Grand Trunk
in Quebec Provlnco nnd thon sont to
Ontario,- where he became Involved
In a .. collision between Grnnd nnd
Cnnndlnri Northorn trains, nnd suffered Injuries for whicli ho claims $10,-
000 from tho two companies. It was
claimed by the rnllwnys thnt tho law
of Ontnrlo, whero tho nccldent hap-
penod, npplles, In which caso tho
-plaintiff would bo non-sultod by the
principle of common omploymont, exempting tho compnny ln ense of negligent by n co-omployo, Tho plaintiffs'
counsol clnlm thnt tho law of Quebec,
whoro tho contract was ontorod into,
should govorn, In which cano tho provisions of the civil codo would glvo
him tho right of notion. This Ib tho
first tlmo that Mils quostion hns ovor
boon tested and many of tho lending
lnwyora of tho city woro ongngod on
it, ns It moans much for tho railways.
Oddly enough, tho quostion bolng ono
of forolgn lnw Ib considered ono of
fnct, nnd must bo docldod by tho
Jury, not by tho Judgo,
fi
$7,500 for Lois of Arm,
A mixed Jury, proRldod ovor by Mr.
JiiBtlco Archlbnld, nwnrdod n vordlct
of $7,500 to Mr, AlphonHO Mnrlonu,
who had ontorod n Joint action for
$26,000 ngninst tho Clrnnd Trunk
Rnllwny compnny and tho Canndlnn
Northorn Rnllwny compnny,
Tho plaintiff hnd one of his nrms
torn off ln n collision that occurrod
hotwoon two looomotlvoB on tho
Grnnd Trunk lino, nonr Ilnwkosbnry,
Ont. Tie wns working on a snow plow
nnd hnd rocolvod Instructions thnt tho
lino wns clenr nnd to go ahead. At
nbout 1,1)00 foot from tho station at
Hnwkosbury, tho locomotlvo pulling
tlio aiiow viow coUldm* xt Uh duollwr
locomotlvo of tho Cnnndlnn Northorn
rnllwny, Mr. Mnrlonu clnlmod thnt
tho Grnnd Trunk wnn ro«ponBlblo for
COAL   MINES   REGULATION   ACT
Notice of Examinations.
tho nccldont, an ho hnd boon instruct'
ir, ivn -ivprirn vi to floor 'I clnlm ■"nm-   nil thnt lho trnrk wns clenr. nnd hn
ponaatlon/ * f * hut tho nppollnnt did
not at any tlmo Bpoclfy tho nmount of
his clnlm." Tho question In whether
ouch n clnlm comes within tho meaning of flocllon 2, BUbBCdlon 1, of tho
net, whleh provides that proceedings
for tho recovery of compensntlon shall
not ho maintainable unless "tho claim
for compensation" han been mndo
■within Bl***: months of tho hnppenlng
or tho accident. Tho fault which the
re«pondent* find with tho claim !»
thnt It doeu not nnmo tho num of
money for which it in mndo; nnd it
Is snld Ihnt thla fault Is fatal. My
nhnrt annwor to thin contention l»
that tho act contains no words which
requlro tho workmnn to mention a
nlso clnlmod thnt the Cnnndlnn North
em wuh nlso responsible for Itn fnlluro
to net In conformity of tho rnllwny net,
which stipulates thnt In auch ensos
n wntchmnn should bo loft nt tho
Junction of two roads. It wns ntntod
nftor tho vordlct that tho enso be
appculod.--L«hour Gazetto, July.
OPERATION ON  DEBB.
ROCHESTER, Minn., Auk. fl.—An
operntlon wan performed on Eugene
V. ft-obs, former candidate for president on the Socialist ticket, by Dr. 8.
Mayo at the Mayo Brothers' honplMl
on July 29th. Tho naturo of Debs'
Illness has not been given out
Notico Is hereby given thnt examinations will be held for first, second
and third class Certificates of Competency under tho provisions of the
"Coal Mines Regulation Act" at
Nanaimo, Fernio, Cumberland nnd
Merritt ,on the 16th, 17th and 18th
days of August, 1910, commencing at
0 o'clock In the forenoon,
The subjects will bo aB follows;
First Class Candidates-
Mining Act nnd Specinl Rules.
" Mine Gnses.
Vontllntlon.
Gencrnl Work.
Mlno Mnchlnory.
Surveying.
Second Class Candidates--'
Mining Act nnd Special Rules.
Mine GasoB,
Ventilation.
Gonornl Work,
Third Clous Candidates— "
Mining Act nnd Special Rules,
Mlno Ganos and Gonorlil Work,
Application must bo mndo to tho
undersigned not lator thnn Monday,
August   8th,   1010,   accompanied by
tho Btntulory foo, aa follows;
Ily nn nppllcnnt for First Clnss Exnmlnntion   .,,.* .,,,,|10,00
Ily nn nppllcnnt for Socond Class Exnmlnntion    110.00
Ily nn nppllcnnt for Third Class Exnmlnntion   $5.00
Tho applications must bo accompanied by original tcHtlmonlnls and
ovidoneo stating thnt;
(n)--lf a enndldnto for First ClniM,
thnt ho In n llrltlsh subject nnd hns
hnd nt lonst five yenrn' oxporlonco In
or nbout tho prnctlcnl working of n
conl mine, and Is at leant twenty-
flvo years of ngo,
(b)—If a enndldnto for Socond
Chtka, liml ho hiiii had Ai JcitAi tlm
yonrs In or about tho practical
working of a conl mlno.
(c)—If n enndldnto for Third Clans
thnt ho hns hnd nt lonst throo yearn'
nxporlonro In or nhnut thn prm-Hrnl
working of a conl mine.
(d)—A enndldnto for a Certificate
of Competency as Mnnngor, Overman, Shiftboss, Flrcbosfl, or Shot*-
lighter nhall produce a certificate
from a modlcnl practlctlonor, duly
qualified to practice ns such In tho
Provlnco of British Columbia, showing that ho hns tnkon a course In
ambulance work fitting hlm, the aatd
candidate to glvo first aid to persons Injured in coal mining opor.v
tions.
Ry order ot tho Hoard.
TRAXCIS If. SHEPHEARD,
fteor*tnry,
Nanaimo, B. C, July Gilt, 1010..
62 nt
A„by-law to,,raise Four Thousand
Five Hundred'-i>olfars (S4.500.00) for
the purpose of installing* a fire alarm
system within'the* limits .of the City
of Fernie. •—*•-. '
Whereas ~'a-'petition has-been pre-*
sented. to the municipal council of the
Corporation of'the City of Fernie,
signed by the owners.of at' least one-
tenth ' of the value of the real property within the City, of Fernie as shown
by the- last revised Assessment. Roll
requesting them to install a Flro Alarm
System within the "limits of the City
of.'Fernie..
1 And.-whereas, for the construction
and installation of a Fire Alarm system within the' limits of the City' of
Fernie, it will b'e'necessary to borrow
the sum of Four Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($4,500^00) and to issue
debentures of the City of Fernie for
the purpose of raising the said sum.
And whereas the amount of the
whole .- rateable „ land and improvements, or real "property, of the said
City of Fernie, according.to the last
revised assessment roll, is Two Millions and Sixty-Six Thousand, Three
Hundred and Ninety-Five Dollars
($2,066,395.00)..
And whereas lt will be requisite to
raise annually by rate the sum of Six"1
Hundred and Seventeen Dollars' and
Fifty-FouroCents ($617.54) for paying
the said debt and interest.
And whereas this by-law shall not
be altered or repealed except with the
consent of the Lleutenant-Governor-
In-Councll. <
' Now therefore the Municipal Council of the Corporation of the City of.
Fernie enact as follows:
1.—It shall ■ and may be lawful for
the Mayor of the Corporation of the
City of Fernie to borrow upon the
credit of the_ said Corporation by way
of- debentures hereinafter mentioned
from, any person, persoris.o body or
bodies corporate who may be willing
to advance the same as a loan, a sum
not exceeding the whole sum.of Four
Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($4,-
500.00) and to cause all,such sums so
raised, or received to be "paid into the
hands of the Treasurer of the raid
Corporation for. the purpose and with
the object herein before recited.
. 2.—It shall be lawful for the Mayor
to cause any number of debentures
to be made, executed or Issued, each
for the' sum of Five Hundred Dollars
($500.00) as may be required for the
purposes and. object aforesaid, not exceeding/ however, the sum . of Four
Thousand Five Hundred .Dollars ($4,-
500.00) and all such debentures shall
be sealed with the .'Seal of the Corporation5 and signed by the Mayor
thereof.'       ■*,...
S.—The said debentures shall bear
date from" the" Twenty-Fifth day of
August, A. D. 1910, and shall be made
payable, in ten (10) years from 'the
said date in lawful money of Canada
at the office of'the Home Bank", of
Canada in Fernie aforesaid which said
place of payment shall bo designated
by*the said debentures, and shall havej
■attaohed~to-them-coupons-for-tho»pay-
ment of interest and the signatures
to the interest coupons .may be either
written, stamped,, printed or lithographed.  '  . -■'■•*
4.—The said debentures shall bear
Interest at the fate of Five (5) per
cent from the date thereof, which
interest* shall be;'payable annually at
the said offico of^.the Home Bank of
Canada' in Fernie, aforesaid, in lawful
monoy of Canada,* on the twenty-fifth
day of August, respectively, in each
year, during tho currency of the said
debentures and It shall, bo expressed
in said debentures and coupons to be
so payable,
1 . 5.—It.sball.bo lawful for the Mayor
of. the said corporation tb negotiate
and sell tho said debentures, or any
of them, at less than par, but In no
caso shall tho said debentures or any
of-them bo negotiated or sold for less
than ninety-five per centum ot their
value Including tho cost of negotiating
their sale, brokorago nnd all othor
Incidental  expenses.    ',   *,
0.—Thero shall ho raised and loviort
in each year during tho currency ot
said debentures the,sum of Two Hundred nnd'Twcnty-flvo Dollars ($225.00)
for payment of Interest, and the*sum
of Throo Hundred and Nlnoty-two
Dollars and Fifty-four Cents ($1*02.54)
for payment of said debentures hy rate
sufficient therefor on all ratrnblo land
or Improvements ■ or real property In
the nnld municipality..
7.—It shrill' bo lawful for tho said
Municipal Council ,to ro-purobnse any
of tho said dobenturcs on such terms
as may bo agrood upon with tho lo-j-al
holdei'H thereof, either at lho llmo of
salo or any Huhxcnnent tlmo or timed,
and all debentures so .ro-purohasod
Hhall forthwith bo cancelled and destroyed, and no ro-lssuo of llio debentures ' so re-purcliasod shall ■ bo
made In consequence of such rc-pur-
CllQHPr
Tlil» by-law shnll tnko effect on the
twenty-fifth day,of August A. I)., 1010.
ThlH by-law may ' bo , oltod for all
purpoHCH as tlio City of Fernio Flro
Alarm Tly-I.aw, 1010.
Done nnd paxHed In opon council
on thn Twonly-I-liKbth day of July
A, Ti„ 1010.
Itncolvod   tho  nNKcnt  of   tho  peoplo
tlilH ...dny of  A. XX
1010.
Itn-cnnsldorcd nml finally pm-wed and
adoptml this  day nf,...,,.  .'
   Mayo?
,..,  City Clork
House     and     Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, .Wedding    Bou-.
quets.
I TERRILL FLORAL CO
j Long.Distar.ee Phone  577
% LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA
J Your orders will receive prompt at-
* tentionand you will bo pleased with
M  what wo send you.'
****
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
The Creston Fruit and;
Produce Association:
Strawberries
Retailers please Note that orders for the famous Creston
Strawberries now in    *
Season
| A. Lindley, Box 27 Creston1 ;■
***X(***********lf***)*1(****l I
you wish to make your
homo life much happier
and you have a little
money to mako the first
payment
and
the best that human brains
and skill can produce is
none too good for you
then buy a Heinzman and
Co. piano.
X
I
X
X
X
Heintzman Piano Parlors
Grand Theatre Block
M.W. Elley, Dist. Mgr.
i
Nnllcr.
Toko   notico   that   thn   nbovo   Ih   n
(run   ropy   of   tlm   prop-muil    Hy-t.au*
upon  whleh  thu  vota  of  thn  Municipality  will   ho   tiiltcn   nt*tho  City   of
Kornlf, on Monday, tho Fifteenth day
of  AURUMt,  A.  D.,  1010,   between   thn
hniim of 10 o'clock In Mm innrnlnw nml
II In tlio -nv-Milnir'nt the City Hall,
rt. H, UOW.TON,
City Clirk.
said, it will be necessary to borrow
the sum of Twenty-seven-* Thousand
Dollars (127,000.00) and to issue debentures, of the City of Fernie for the"
purpose of 'raising the said sum.
And whereas the amount * of the
whole rateable land and improvements,
or real property, of the said, City of
Fernie, according* to the last revised
assessment roll,. is Two Millions1 and
Sixty-six Thousand, Three Hundred
and Ninety-five Dollars ($2,066,395.00).
And whereas it will' be requisite to
raise annually by rate the sum of One
Thousand Nine Hundred and Seventeen
Dollars and Fifty-two Cents ($1,917.52)
for paying the said debt and Interest.
And. whereas this by-law shall not
be altered or repealed except with the
consent of the Lieutenant-Governor-
ln-Council.'
Now therefore the Mounlcipal Council of the Corporation of the City of
Fernie enacts as  follows:
1.—It shall'* be lawful for the Mayor
of the Corporation of the City of Fernie
to borrow upon the credit of the satd
Corporation by way of debentures
hereinafter mentioned from'any person,
persons, body or bodies' corporate who
may,,b'e .willing* to a'dvance the same
as a loan, a sum not exceeding... the
whole sum of Twenty-Seven Thousand
Dollars". ($27,000,000) and to" cause all
-such—sum s=so=raised=.or=received=to=be=
paid into the hands of the Treasurer
of the said Corporation for the purpose
and with the object herein before
recited.
2.—Tt shall be lawful for the Mayor
to cause any number of debentures to
be made, executed or issued, each for
tho sum of Five Hundred- Dollars
($500.00) as may be required .for the
purposo and object aforesaid, not-..exceeding-,-however, the sum of Twenty-
seven Thousand. Dollars ($27,000.00)
and all such debentures shall be sealed
with the Seal of- the'*' Corporation and
signed by tho Mayor' thereof.
3.—The said debentures shall bear
dato from the Twenty-fifth day of
August, 1910, and shall bo mado payable In thirty (30) years from tho said
date In lawful money of Canada nt tho
office of* the Homo Bank of Canada
In Fernio aforesaid, which said placo
of payment shall he designated hy tho
Raid debentures and shnll have attached to them coupons for tho payment of Interest and the signatures to
the Interest coupons may bo cither
written, stamped, printed or lithographed, *
4.—Tho said debentures shall bear
Interest m the rato of Five (5) por
cent from tho dnto thorcof, which Interest shall ho payablo annually at tbo
snld office of the Uomo Hank of
Canada In Fernio, aforesaid, In lawful
money of Carotin, on Mm twenty-fifth
day nf August, respocllvoly, in eaoh
year during tho currency of tho said
ilol'ciituroH and It slinll ho oxprossod
In snld debenture!) and coupons to be
so payable.
E,—It shall bo lawful for Iho Mayor
of tho saM corporation to negotiate
and soil tho said debentures, nr any of
thom, at lcsn than par, but In no enso
shall tho said debentures mv any of
thom ho negotiated or sold for ■ less
than nincly-flvc per centum of their
value Including tho cost of their snlo,
brokcr-iKc and all othf-r Incidental expanses. •
n,,,-Thflro Hhall ho raised and levied
In each year during tho currency uf
said dflientiirCH tho sum of Ono Thnu-
Hand Thri'o 11 und red and Fifty Mol-
lars (|l,B30.00*) for payment of In lei-out
and tho num of Flvo Hundred ami
Hlxty-Jifivcn Dollars and Fifty-two
Cent*-. (9nQ7.R'.') for paymont of said dw
lionturoH by rato sufflclont tberofor on
all raloalilo land or Improvements or
real propnriy In tho mild municipality.
7,-—It shall hn Inwfnl for Mio snld
Municipal Cnunr-ll to m-pim-haHo any
of tlio Hnli] ilftlu'iitiirnH nn miii'I) IcrinH
nn may he agreed upon wltli tlin legal
hfililfTH theri-nf, elthnr nt Mm time nf
»nle» or nny mibtu'i|tinnt tlmn nr tlnift*.
and nil ilelientureH nn rc-i-urclmi-iori
Hhnll forthwith hn rnnenllnd and dn-
Rtroyod, and nn ro-Ibhiiu of Mm do.
bentiirns no re-purehnfii'd shnll bft
mndn In conm-quence nf mich r«-pur«
i*linHC,
ThU   riy-Lnw   nhall   take   effnet   on
tho Twenty-fifth day of August A. D„
Just Arrived
Our Fall and Winter Samples of
Made to Measure Clothing
■    The finest collection of high-grade Scotch Tweeds, Cheviots, Wpr-
steds and Serges shown in.Canada.
To show our,faith In these goods wo make the following liberal
_     offer:    Any garment made, from    Worsteds,    Serges,    or..Cheviots
£    which do not,give'entire satisfaction in wearing or cloro Qualities
will be replaced FREE. 7
Headquarters for the best in Groceries
and Prompt Service
i
A. A. McBEAN
The Cash Merchant Opp. Post Office
A rW_Il_l_* sPen,; a* home reacts in its
benefits with unceasing general
profit-^ Sent out of town it's life is ended. Kept
with the home merchants it is a messenger of
-continuous-benefit—Busines8-mer_^hould-awake—
to the importance of keeping this dollar at home
and make a bid for it by judicious advertising.
NOTICE
tiii:
C'OIII'OIIAMO.V   ov
Oil' **'k'.iiKil.;.
TUB   CITV
I1V-I.AW   NO.   KM.
A tiy-lnw to roUe Twunty'Sorf-n
Tbouitnnil Dolliirs (117,000) for the pur>
poNo of cunHtructlnif, operating Aad
mdlntnlnlnu u Hnnltiry Be wnr la that
i>u>il(>n i'i X\xt City x>t Fernie ,-a.x\. i,(
Mii- Crow'a Nenl Kouthern Hallway not
nU-tfuXx' *uri|il|pil with newer f-irlllMen.
Whcn-ni n p .Itlon ben itrt-n pre-
»mnt<d to (he municipal council nf the
Corporation of Mm Cl'.y of I'ernln,
mlfl-n.ri liy the ownern of at leant on*-
t.-nth of the value ot tha real property within tho city of ..ernle ai ahown
t.y tha U»t revti.nl ,.-M««»fnanl noil ro-
-fjuiUuK Hit in iu lutluUuc* feUClt fa,
by-law,
And whereaa for the purpo*o» afore-
Thin hv-liiw mnv bn olloi. for-nil
purpoNim aa the Oily of Kornle "Hnnl-
Miry Mowor Uy-Luw  lain,"
Poiin nml iinmnl In open rnunrll on
Mio Twonty--T-l*liMi dny of July A. P.,
1910.
Hcr<Hlv«-il   tlio   atuflnt   of   tho   pooplo
iiiih  lny 1,1 A, th
1D10.
Ito-com-lilrri'd and finally pa*-)-*, ami
niloptcil MiIh ,.dny of	
A.  11. 1910.
 Mayor.
 City   Clerk.
Not ir<>.
Tnko poMpo that tho ahovo lit a truo
r--,p;- of i>\f- propo«i».! Iij'-Mw "iipiin
wlilf h tho voto of tbo Municipality will
ho tnhon at Mio City of Fornio, on
MomUy. th« Flflcinlh day of AuRunt,
A. V. 1910, hotwoon tho hour*-** of 10
o'clock In Mid morning and * In Mm
#v»nln«r at  lho City Hall.
a i». novi.Tos*.
City Clork.
Ftrnl-**. n. C, July Jlth, 1110,
Auguit C'H.
First In The Field And
Foremost To-day
Fit-Reform originated high class,
hand-tailored garments in Canada,
jus! as Fit-Reform to-day originates
the styles that Canadian gentlemen
wear.
Most of the well dressed men
you see on the street, carry the
Fit-Reform trademark in the inside
pockets of their coats.
These, men know,
by careful comparison, that there are
no other garments
made in Canada today superior to those
perfected by the Fit-Reform system.
Fit-Reform has always been firft in
offering better Styles, better tailoring,
better values than it is possible to
obtain elsewhere for anything like
the same money.
Fit-Reform wan al ways-and is to-day
—the firft and foremost in the realms
of high class tailoring.
We arc showing the very lateft
creations in Fit-Reform Suits—the
choicest of the season. $18 to $35.
The Crow's Nest Trading Co*
Sole Agent* in Fernie PAGE FOUR
...THE JbiaTfilCT„LEDGEKf.FERNI_, Bi C^ILKjiiST-'ei .*Ifl10.
•i.
eijc MtAtid £?%%&
Published every. Saturday morning at its office, Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription ?1.00 per year in
advance. An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation in the District. Advertising rates oh application. Up-to-date facilities for the execution of all
special attention. Address all communications' to The
kinds of book, job and color work. Mail orders receive
District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
TELEPHONE NO. 48       "        POST OFFICE BOX NO. 5
THE   LIBRARY   QUEST lON^
IS   MAN   FREE  YET?
The first of August will be an ever memorable date
to those who passed through the trying experiences
incident to' tlio eventful day in 190S, but' far more exciting must have been the circumstances that transpired when 71 years before the Emancipation'Act came
into' effect throughout tho British colonies whereby
nearly 800,000 chattel slaves were released from bondage, .Jamaica practically had 40 per cent of these
dusky skinned workers. Compensation amounting to
* 5100,000,000 was paid to their former owners as a salve
to their wounded feelings because of the loss * incurred
consequent upon the alienation of so many black packages of money-producing energy. There is one peculiarity to' be remarked wliich is worthy of the deep consideration of those abolitionists that assert their belief
in emphatic terms when attributing these revolutionary
charges to "purely philanthropic motives. "Free" labor
proved., more remunerative because 'of competition for
jobs and the incentive furnished to those who would do
a "fair day's work for a fair day's pay.*' The statistics
showed by the employment of the freed man a decrease
of II per cent in comparison with the cost of production of sugar under the former regime. '   ,
Arc men free today?    A negative reply most probably would be" given by a telegraph operator involved
in the A. R. TL strike'of 189-1.   Many years afterwards
these  men  were  only   able  to  obtain   a  brief  period
of employment regardless of his "C. G." being- marked
services satisfactory simply because when the company
for whom he had been working replied in answer.to a
request for his record ,that he bad been a malcontent
-   and  disloyal  at.   a    time    when    his  fellow   workers
had determined that conditions were no longer bearable
' they had ceased work.    Ottimes in spite of the excellent character shown on his "C. G." he was informed
: if
that  there  was  no  vacancy  when handed  to  a  pros-
~"pecl"ive .employer wise to    tlie    KIaC_i^\'elira"fllsm—Con'
, cealed  in the-water mark of the paper with  its  decapitated pig or crane?*
Is a man really free?    Most astounding revelations
might result if this were answered by a machinist or
railway trainman wlio was traveling under an alias and
carrying a fictitious recommendation .from  the Chicago
supply; house—compelled to this line of action simply
because of prominence on grievance or shop committees.
If the committee of which he was a member demanded
an investigation some other reason would be assigned
for his non-employment  such   as  "reduction   of  staff"
etc.
(*
Is man really free? That he is not is self evident
often where an accident has happened because of inadequate protection in mlno, mill or other industrial
establishment and nn e'yo wit-nous will furnish information coupled with the request tbat if used tho source
I, * *
bo kept secret, otherwise lt would result in his dis-
chargo and much as ho would like the entire facts to
bo mado known thore' Is probably a largo family dependent upon his wages,
Is man really free? No! most emphatically no! Tho
clork who has brought action against a corporation and
won his suit will often tell you, because not only doos
he find that It liv useless to mako application at any
of tho ot her branches, but also if ho should remain in
tho clerical world and upon furnishing an n roforonco
the firm against which ho has recovered (hunngoh tho
{•buncos rue tliat thoy will not wrlto favorably regarding his ('imllflcntionH,
Ro long as this stato of affairs endures "froodom"
Ih a moelcc-ry and slavery, no mattor how concealed Is
a Kleni reality and tho words of .Tnni"f Husf-cll Lowell
'prpgiinnl with Irulh whon ho says: "
"Tlioy nro slaves who will not spoaU
For Iho fallen nnd lho weak,
Thoy are slaves who will not daro
All wrongs to right, ail rights lo Hharc"
INTERNATIONAL  UNIONS.
In a iKMH ln'-iir- nf "The Vroit Lmwo" of Wewtvllln.
N. H„ lliciro Is ii lieiiilliiii* "Narrow I .-ovIw-IiiHhm" o\ .■
tm tc.tl-.l-' i:*lt!>!.-lii}-; tin: llrltlnh t'oinml.lu Companion
Act whlrli would bo an excellent caplUm for mhikj of
the dcjM'fcalory rcinnrlm found In llu -oluinm* rclntlve
to Um Idickii orgaiilxiilioii (if U. M, W, A.
The cmiilo.vi'iH do not rocngnlitn any Individual
wdi'lii'i* pi linnrjly on iiccoinit of his nationality, hut he-
*' il
tltll*l(-    III     (llll    nillOUIlt    <IW)     IIIIIIU    (U    I IU'III    (ll     l.lh     IHII'll
(HiWi'i, \\\ol\ liiiiln ih il luvu't **,*.(.i;ili'.i x.ilk tin:
inlnois of Nova i-irotlii or tho nillroad men of thc
(r. T. 1'. the management do not hernial.-' liccnuso ol
any imtrlotl-- (?) pioinptliiKH to hiio wli'-rcvr and who-
v.**,*.     •* „K ,,     >„,.    .,, -.,. n ,...,,r,    -i,,    i     ,-.,.   -      ,»>*C    ,.','.''\t,
llotiH oiioi*. The I-nmliilon Pool Compnny succeeded
in their effort« to Involglo some IMglriTiH and nermann
as t-iibHliititcH for llio Htrlldng cool tnliier. To blumo
tht'in would ho tho hfiight of folly as they nro only
Ioi-iIcIdk filler tboir iiinlcrlnl Interest's, huf wllh «tho«o
(•xtuiipk-N boforo thom worhor» who permit tho wool
to bo itilivd im.--* lhi.il* «->-,m uiul ll't-ir uii.kii divided by
with foolish twnddlo of AllCiwa-llan Union ore fit »ub-
iO'ta tor v'lty. Thero is no identity of Int-en-fct btMtw-n
inaxter and man, corporation nnd wage slave, hut there
in t-M-R'-j-m 15;.-. diffc-T-frit m-smbm ot Ih-f woTW-ftn: -rim***
u:it,ii.uUeai tit ucd, cola, ur nationality. s.n<l tho. aoonor
thoy xotosuho thin th* -nulcker will they a«c*ert»ln tho
rond to llsi-lr emancipation.
i. There is a movement on foot initiated by. the City
Council to establish a - lending - library, in this town
■which ought to have the hearty support of every citizen who is interested in the upbuilding of the community.   A special committee of twelve was appointed
to mget together for. the -purpose of formulating piaus
* * *\ - *
as to the best methods to be adopted in order to effect
the realization of so worthy a project at as early a date
as possible. The special committee is comprised' of
the following gentlemen: S. Banwell, G. L. Pedlar, G. H.
Boulton, A, A. Klauer, W. S. Lane, D. A. McDonald,"
G. A. "Moffatt, David Rees, J. ,W. Bennett, Revs. Hugh
Grant";   (chairman)   and  W.* M. .Walton.
A meeting was held in the council .chambers on Tuesday evening," a complete concurrence of opinion as to
the necessity of such an- institution marked the proceedings and a general discussion ensued bringing out
many valuable pointers relative lo the modus, operandi
—all recognizing however , that such an undertaking
would cost money Messrs. Moffatt and Bennett were
deputed to call upon tho mayor and ascertain if he
would bo willing to allow tho use of his room in tho
City Hall for the purpose' of a library until such time
as more commodious quarters be required and found.
Wednesday evening this special delegation reported
back lo tlie committee that Mayor Herchmer had granted tlie request. The next'vital question to be considered
was tlie monetary requirements, for which purpose a
motion was made that the City Council be requested
to submit a by-law to .-.the electorate calling for the
funds necessary to supply tho books and other equipment as well as cost of maintenance. As this is intended lo bo-a public institution under the control and the
property of the city it is only proper that the citizens
should be afforded an opportunity ol' showing their approval or disapproval as the case may be, nevertheless
we ' sincerely ' trust that tbey may recognize the , innumerable advantages that would be afforded to all,
both young, and old, both male and female, that, in the
near future Fernie may be able to boast, the possession-,
even though it be only on a modest scale, of providing
so needed an institution as- a public library.'
:^iiglite^Mi.ieis
POSTAL MATTERS.
Nothing further > having developed relative to the
transportation of mail. on the Local we would call attention to the advisability of once again bringing the
subject to the notice of the powers that be as this
would most assuredly be a great boon-to everybody
living* between, Cranbrook and Lethbridge, and if not
already done would suggest that the local Board of
Trado communicate with their confreres at other points
.with a view to working harmoniously. to che end that
this needed innovation be put into effect;
stale that thero are many complaints from various
quarters and the local office* is by no means without its
. critics. The Sunday delivery has ceased, but that' is no
reason why there should be so much delay in the sorting of mail for Monday morning whereby our residents
are greatly inconvenienced. "    ,
The, drop letter box subject, together with the appointment of stamp venders in suitable localities seems
to have dropped out of sight temporarily. This wo trust
will be taken up forthwith and carried to a successful
issue in the near future.
CITY POLICE.
Whenever a man makes a breach of tho law It is
expected that ho be punished therefor, yot a recent
polico court caso calls for moro than passing notico.
An individual under tho influence of liquor was arrested for unseemly conduct and also for assaulting an
officer, that ho should bo punished nono will gainsay,
howovor, thoro aro extenuating circumstances to bo considered, ln most cities thoso whoso duty it Is lo soo
to tho enforcement of law and order aro oaslly distinguishable by thoir uniform and whilo it is ofton considered in tho public Intorost that thoro ho a plain
clothos man on duty, still tho ordlmiy pollcomun wears
at least a cap with his titlo Inscribed llioreon whereas
although wo bollovo that tho council has furnished tho
nocessary headgear; tho police dl-scnrd thom, honco thoro
Ih nothing lo distinguish a policeman from an ordinary
citizen and in making nrrost roslstanco mny result unwittingly and tho resistor puulshod becauso of his
fnlhiro In recognize a publio functionary whom he has
boon accustomed to rocognizo by his garb.
THE   8IDE   8ADDLE.
According to pross reports !IIh Mnjesty King Goorgo
V has Issued a iilm-so forbidding ladles from riding
iiHlildi' iu Ilyilo Park ami Inasmuch as this Is undor
iln- cont nil of lho Crown nonr- will (llnputo the oxci-pIho
of the |ii*(irognllv<', NovorthclPHH It Is n Hiunplo of tlm
ninlhiT gruitilylHin of (Iioho credited with mipm-lnr Intel-
In. I Hint hIiowh puerility when tlio origin of thlH Htylo
of tilling a liorse is found to have boon adopted be-
rniihc of an Infirmity precluding llio possibility nf enjoying  thn  pleasure ol hoi* wlno.
This Is thu history of tlio cuuo: Anno, Queen of
Bohemia, had ono leg paralyzed consoquonlly wnlldug
was difficult nnd as hIio was fond of horseback riding
< KIIUIIInfiHlliuU    III"   '.Kill I    hiildliu-i    \U   VOII.-H* IH.I   it   buiutOft'
11 ni iin (iit* iiM-i'cnn iiiiiu, u'li.i inj iiiii f,H\i iim n'oiu
saddle hocniuo tlio vogue mt the Queen not desirous to
bo conspicuous commanded her ladles iu waiting lo appear In liko fashion.   Ah Ih customary nmong ,-Uio do-
r ,    .    i ,   ,   I ,,,» ,, ,     . ,      ,
.M.Vvw i*.   ->'. re-1.   *..* .-...,. **.,  >.....   i.'.i.mi...   ^.,,,..,.,^   sta*d-v^>,...,«.
hy court hallos and naturally tlio lessor fry to ho a ln
modo did llkowlsn, Old prints published In tho 1000's
of fomulo riders Dhows thom URtrhio their mounts tho
Biimo hh the ntornor box nnd If records nro nny guldo
they wero not physically n whit Inferior to thoir Bltt-nrs
of todny.
i
i
Ladies Wash
u «
Suits and
Skirts
Ladies' Wash Suits, reg1. 7.50 to $10
•*...   Special Price $4.95 Suit
D , ' ' " *       ^ ti
Ladies Wash Skirts, reg. ,3.50 to $5
Special Price $2.-50
Ladies' ■>Black   Sateen'   Underskirts
Regular prices $1.25 and $1.75 ,
Special at 95c and $1.25
n i
Ladies' Colored Moirette Underskirts
'.    Reg. price.$2.00 and $4.50
Special at $1.50 and $3.50
t; .   '■> ' • ■..
■.Girls' Wash Suits,  ages^ 14  to  18
Blue and Linen colors
Special for Saturday OhIY $3 a Suit
For Your
Butter and Eggs
write to
A. URQUHART & CO., Ltd.
Lacorribe, Alta.
Trites-Wood Co., Ltd.
_»__fl_H_i_a___._i_-mt^
THE     HAYING    SEASON    IS     NEAR
„
0
e
Our stock bf buying tools is cojnpleto.   Forks, ITniul I-tukcs,
., Scythes and Snaths, Grind Stones'WhotSt'oncs, "Wrenches,
"Murium* Oil niul Oilers, Deering Mow-*rs nntl Horse Hakes,
Mnil.nr phono orders receive' cnrol'ul attention.
J. M. AGNEW & Co.
«M»««N»tt®OOI
ELKO,   B. C
»oo»a>«3io«Ba»
I
«►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ •*♦♦*>♦♦♦
WHY BOTHER WITH
COOKING?''
Why spend your tlmo ln tho
kitchen while nil tho othors are
out enjoying thomsolvoc? Among
our canned goods you cnn pro-
vldo a wholo rendy to out meal
from Boup to dossort. Stop In
und boo what nn ImmonBo
cholco you hnvo at thla grocery.
W. J,  BLUNDELL
♦
►♦♦♦♦«►
When men nro evicted from their homes nnd thugi
brutally treat ft-mSlIt-i- ti lhe militia called out? No!
No! hut let corporate property In tho minds of Us
•ft-jiricr* bt *v*n thrfftttn-jTi. r^uUIttOfiii an •win*--! and
they are Kent to tho ticcuo forthwith vide Sprlns-
hill, X. 8., and nrockvllle, (Ont.), Who **y* there
Ih no rlnn« Rt niggle T
Summer
Drinks
Cllnitu of MukiiohIm, Ilottlo.,,,3Sc
I.linu Juice, Hottl. ,90c
PhoHphtite of Hoiln, llottb 35c
Hoot liotT .Cxtiuct 35o
Fruit t-hiltH   SOc 76c (1.00
Heulth Sulla, pur tin 25c
COOLING
MEDICINAL
PALATABLE
/AuncbCi -Mitri mi. idxjt3 i utuc
CATC  ftTOMACH
*    1
,udaaoy
DniKKM  mid .Statlum-***.   Toi 715
Kiindngnl dl una donna nuulro dl tro
Imiuhlnl, Ilelnlg hIii orn -pnHHiiudo
uollii Htorln como tin ningiilfico cum-
plono della leggo o dcU'onlluo.
INSURANCE
Yorkshire   Fire,   Home   of  New
York, Commercial Union of-N. Y.
Employers' Liability, London Guarantee
' and Accident  "
■f-i i-  II.     "A,    T *P     Have you seen the New.'
UF6&1   W,6St   L1I6 SpecialPblicymaximum
Insurance, minimum cost
C. E.  LYONS   HenPtrrBxpck
s You are now going through this world for the last timo:
I Why Not
g * ,.
Z live o nthe best and nothing but the best, and go to
I      The 41  Market Co.
i
for your requirements in Meats,' Fresh Killed and Government In-
•spected; Fish, Butter, Eggs, liam, Bacon, Etc.
. S. Graham, Local Manager   ..   I    ■ ,
IF   YOU    WANT
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards^
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
VICTORIA AVENUE FERNIE, B. C.
CENTRAL
HOTEL
The Two
"Billies"
Now Under New Manirgemont
Catering to the Worklngman'e Trade
Large Airy Rooms and Good Tablo
DILLY ROSS DILLY MACKAY
Say You Saw it in The Ledger
niaiaiainininininininpininininiainiaiaiDiaiaiDiaininininiDinininiDininiaininin
=31
n
V
I'
■
UN CAMPIONE.
II enpitnno Hcinth, II qtiftlo ro-
it-t-nnf- -unn -.-mio importwitt ncllo
gcloiifiio dl Crtr-pl*-** Creole, Colorado,
duranto rnmrntnlntrnzlono dollo lm-
month ,;oicinutor-a Pi-shady, u sijitd
nrroiitnto la. .bcoi'iia Bittfninna n Denver e trnvato colpevole iii favorife 1»
(leliniiuonin cd tl pcrvortlmonto dolla
giovenlu.   KrII   em   uJinteiauto   dal
THE GRAND THEATRE, FERNIE
Moving Picture
Show
Positively the
Best Pictures
ever shown in
Fernie.
Our pictures are all clear,
■st-pady nnH nn tn Hatf
We are giving away $10
on Saturday Night
Prices at this Theatre for
the summer will be
10 and 15c
M
is;
■
■
(J.
J_
B£MgG_ra^^
■
■
■
ac
■
M ■ Tit*
m
THE  PI-STRICT  LEDGER,  FERNIE, B; C, AUGUST 6, .1910.
PAGE FIVE
■■^..
-. ■■■M-L'-.vvv-yvvvwvYv*^
fc-
t
,$'
Z***********************************************************************************!***********^^
>«►      ♦      ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ -.-' ■ ^ ^ ♦
♦ COAL  CREEK  BY  174       **♦
♦ - ♦
♦ ♦ ♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
A-special meeting of the membership qf the C. C. L. & A. A. was held
oh Sunday. last in' the Club hall for
the purpose of electing officers; and
a hoard of management for the* ensuing term.. The attendance was aot
as good as would have .been had
there not been so many.'other attractions to prevent the members from
putting in ah appearance. "William H.
Evans retains the' position of president and the other offices are filled
hy Prank Henderson, vice president;
George "Finlayson, secretary;' It. Johnstone, " treasurer. . The Board of
Management. Is ■• comprised "of , Ed
Coates, John Tyson, T.' Franco', Jnmes
Smith, J, Hamer, Sid Saunders. T.
IVlIoliel, and Martin. Dooley. There
is not the slightest doubht that with
s ich an excellent body of-.men to look
after *the 'Interests of this useful institution there ought to be a great
Improvement, provided however, the
membership-.will co-operate and giro
them the assistance needed. A strong,
■a long pull, and a pull all together,
' is what Is wanted boys so it's up to
you now. '.,
Another specimen of the male gen-
dor made his first visit to Coal Creek
•on the 28th of July and is a welcome
guest at the home of John Jones.
Mother and child are doing well.'
"I. C. S." Egg was on one of hia
regular visits this' week.
Blueberries , and bear;' are    scarce
around, hero this season.'   There have
. "been several   visitsh made    to    the
'■'patches that in the past liave been
looked upon as good ones, but most
■of. the  buckets   have   been  brought
' back empty. ,'.(P. S.)    A,chap would
look- nice bringing back a bear in a
bucket, now wouldn't he?
- . The Coleman   football   team   sent
word up here that in consequence of
- - their ,,very low . exchequer that they
would not be able to play iu accordance . with    the'   fixture which was
" scheduled, for last Saturday, the 30th
nt July. , Nevertheless  like  the ,-ma-i
Jority of wage slaves they are'.eom-
.   pelled to postpone their    visit '*until
, aftor tho next'pay day when.it is to
"  "be hoped  that they will  surely put
in an appearance and make a struggle
for the Mutz cup, as it would surely
bo too bad if they were compelled to
• forego ■ the * pleasure of. at least bav-
"Beau-
*iSg"'ra~struggle  to retain  this
tiful  trophy  and. the  ruling, is  that
they must play off .the league .fixtures
to entitle them to compete: '
Sickness ■- has been very much in
evidence .lately and the doctor has
been very busy attending to*his many
patients . with diarrhoea ■ and grippe
.which seem to be epidemic throughout tho district these days.
Wo-have to report the .usual batch
of accidents of more or less seriousness. Fred Loland has had tlio misfortune lo got ono of his fingers
crushed in ' tho machinery on tho
tipple. ,.      .
\V. D. William suffered a, compound
fracture of tho log whilo at work
last Friday morning in No, 1, North.
Dr.-Workman gavo tho unfortunato
man tho necessary first aid aftor
which ho wns conveyed by special
train to tho hospital at Fornio.
John 'Cunliffo   received   a   nasty
wound- to his hand in No. 0.       ■   '"
John  Singleton  rocolvod  a  nasty
blow In'tho    oyo* with    somothing
harder than air.
Stovo Zuppn, a car handler, rocolvod such . sovoro Injuries to his
hack that, he la unable to walk, Ho
was caught between n box-car and
an upright. H
On Monday aftornoon whilo D,
Hughes, n driver In No! 2, wna at
work In somo way or othor It is bo-
llovod ho bocamo entangled ln a can-
vat) door and IiIb horso bolng somewhat refractory pulloil him off tho
enr and ho wan caught ln such a man-
nor that tho pelvis was sovoroly
squeezed nml painful Injuries Inflict-
od on tho lowor part of tho body. Ho
waa allowod to got out of tho niiiu*
wllh tho nsslstanco of ono of his follow- workorfl and lmmodluloly upon
his presenting himself lo tho doctor
who found that his injuries woro ao
Rovoro ho lolophonod to town for a
Hpoclnl train, hut for somo unnccount-
ulilo ronson a light onglno was nonl
up and thon a box-car wna nttnehod
to lho englno and In thin lho Injured mnn was tnkon to town, Ilo
la nt proHont In tho hospital, whoro
ho In undor modioli! caro nnd Ih suffering IntoiiHO pain,
Mr, nnrt Mrs. Iko Ilnllo and fnmlly
loft on ThurHdny morning for a holiday trip of two wooIch to Vnncouvor,
whoro tlmy hopo lo hnvo a ronl nood
tlmo bathing In tho soa and entailing
crabs nnd othor wild animals.
Tho workmon In old No, 1 nnd nlno
In No. 0 woro compelled to quit work
bn Wotlnoiulny afternoon owing to tho
fnn going out. of oommlHRloti cntiHOd
hy tho bronldnir of a holt.
iiiul*,u Ju'tca into uiix-ii iumhit-ii iu
Ihr- hmiflf with n vory nevcrr-* -Mtacit
of tnnsllltlH, Wn nro plonsort to sin'**.
Hint Jiiidloy ABhworth Ih on tho high
ion il to bolng completely wall.
MrH. J. Jones desires to oxproiis
hor sincere thanks to tho mnny n.nlv
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ • *♦
♦ COLEMAN NOTES BY 22       ♦
♦ - ♦
♦ ♦♦.♦. ,♦ ♦.♦, ♦ ♦ ■*-♦ ♦ ♦
My budget of news for this week
is necessarily abbreviated because of
time and attention' being all taken
up fighting the numerous, bush fires
that have been raging throughout the
district.
As you go by Bert White's window
peer into-it and see the beautiful challenge cup that the Hockey Club,won
six months ago and of whose appear-
aiico there was some doubt. This is
the trophy presented by Sherwood
Herchmer, Fernie's mayor, and is a
really handsome cup which we ltope
the* Coleman boys will see .that it
becomes a permanent fixture.
Micliel played Frank last Saturday
or rather I should say Coleman.
Frank's combination defeated the
Michelites who must have been somewhat surprised at the aggregation
they went up' against. This kind, of
work is not , conducive to making
amateur football' a success and think
that the rule.s made by the-league
to govern those1 forming it ought to
be more strlcly enforced because if a
team is so anxious to get- to the top
of tho letigue that they will adopt
questionable methods then in retaliation we may have others . importing
men front the old country or any old
place with the result that the general
public will lose interest in a. game
that should be played fairly and
squarely and free > from all funny
business. xJl ■'
We are coming. Coal Creek so make
up your minds that we are in to win
and hope that you are ditto, so that
when the game is ovei- and the best
team.wins (That's ours of course, but
we don't want to be called boasters
so this is7a whisper only), every man
jack that- has been on the field can
say "that's the best game I've
played, and no man can do more."
Look out for 22 as*-1 expect to be.
there and-bring.my voice and also
a helpmate whose shouting-qualities
are by no means.slow. *.
We are hoping tbat all danger from
serious damage will be over in a few
days* as the fires which started west
of here, and rapidly spread north then
taking.a sweep to the east has nearly
spent itself " after consuming large
bodies of timber as well as destroying ihe .feed for the .ranchers' cattle.,
any*
T'nTTTiWs.ion-is~tviii oeer~De*
cheaper," because on account of feed
there will be a greater.-quantity of
stock thrown on the market? Perhaps so, and then again perhaps not,
as the buyers may get it at a'little
lower, place it in cold storage and
then whistle Billy because the price
Is so high. . • 7
A very early matrimonial alliance
was effected Saturday, July 30th,
when Dorothy .Alice, daughter of
Judge Disney, joined hands as a life
partner with Benjamin James Nicklln,
former treasurer in tho office of the
International Coal and Coko company. Aftor . partaking of an early
breakfast tho happy couplo Journoyed
on tho Flyer and will disport themselves by tho sad sea waves in,Vancouver aiid enjoy tho natural beauties
ot Stanloy park. Mr. and Mrs. Nlck»
Hn are the proud possessors of many
valuablo' and usoful presents "testify-
,lng to tho appreciation they aro hold
In by thoir friends and rolntlvos.
the result was a handsome success.
Those who sat down to supper without an appetite soon found one, while'
those who had one, were loath to part
with it. Mention must be made of
the concert held after the supper in
the Miners' hall. A program of 12
selections was enthusiastically carried
through, ten of the pieces demanding ' an encore.
' The male voice quartette proved a
great success and much credit should
be given .them for the manner ■- In
which they sang "their selections,
which called for a great deal of piac-
tice. Messrs. Rogers, Hutton, Miller
and Hawkins comprised the quartette.
Mr. Robert Kerr's trio was also very
well received.
About the most popular lady of the
evening was Miss Kelly, the nurse at
the hospital, who scored -well in her
dramatic * recitation . ."Mrs. ■ Ruggles
Dinner Party." . We hope soon to
hear her  again.
Mr., Charles • M. O'Brien, M. P.'P.,
for the Rocky Mountain division,
was in town during. the week looking after the interests of his constituents.
* Mr. Clem Stubbs and sister, Mrs.
Cawtliorne' and family, are spending
their vacation at Mr. Ed Drake's
place on tho South Fork. Mr. Gerald
Desmond, Socialist organizer, is also
spending a few days with Mr, Drake.
Mr. Robert Kerr of Lundbrek, late
of Coleman, has ■ accepted ,the position of fireboss at No. 1 mine, Bellevue. . ,
. At a special meeting of the Bellevue local, which was held on July
28th, a resolution was adopted'- endorsing the action of the District' Executive Board in granting leave of
absence to President Powell to enable
him to visit Europe as a representative of. the Alberta Government, on
the Coal Mines Commission which ..is
being sent from Alberta and British
Columbia.
The following resolution was also
passed:    * ■
We, Bellevue Local Union No.' 431,
U.'**M: W. of A., ih special meeting
assembled, do" hereby strongly protest
against "the action on the part, of the
attorney-general or his subordinates
for the manner j_in. which ..hey have
treated Brother,__ Decoux of Frank!
The jury having exonerated him from
all blame, we are of the opinion that
the treatment meted ' out , to our
brother is not "calculated to sustain
jth__tine_.positiouurAv]iich—-the name
"British Justice"   has   formerly   oc-
TO ESTABLISH
FIRST AID IN
CANADA
Hon, Haiold Bolton Will
Arrive Soon On Purpose to Oranizi
cupied;
JAMES'BURKE,* *  ,,.
Financial Secretary.'
A copy of the above will be sent
to .the premier of, Alborta.
♦ <►-.♦
♦ ♦
DIED,
■■■' -■  n    •
BENT—Mnry, infant, agod * throo
days.
SAPITA—Aged four months, Infant
son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Snplta.
Mr. Snplta la a cousin of. the recently docoasod Mlko Jagos,and tho
soi'oly stricken* family havo tho sympathy of tho community In thoso snd
hOUI'B.
nOBOWSKI—Nolly, agod 11 months,
infant (laughtor of Mr. and Mrs.
Bobowskl, who* ni*o(,rccont arrivals In
camp having only boon horo ono
month from Winnipeg.
LA1JDMKI—Potor, agod nbout ono
year nud six months,
Wo tondor our congrntulatlona to
our local undorlnkor Mr. J. W. DnvloB
upon being nwurdod a diploma on embalming,
■a> ELKO NOTES.
♦
By   Fred   Roe.
By their acts ye shall know thom.
I flatter myself I understand something of secret   societies.   In * fact,
I've had a passion  for that sort of
thing ovor since I *wns old onongli' to
tell lies. I havo boon, nnd am now, au
actlvo member of tho Sons of Temperance, several Bands of Hope, Jolly
Toddlers, Big Bounding Boostors and
a  dozen  othors,    I thought I know
almost everything, but I didn't'.    Ou
Tuesday night of this week I becamo
flllod with    a   desire ■ to become a
Pythian Knight and discovered that
thore  aro  several  things  connected
with thom that outsiders don't know
all  about.    Mr.  Editor,    1    proposo
making theso secrets public, not out
oil compassion to my followmon wim
may ho lncllnod towards tho K. of
IV**) to act ns a warning and r.o on,
but bocauBO I haven't got a spark of
human klndnoss in my breast for tho
follow who mndo tho Irons ho hot
and tho goat bo frisky.   Sovoral eminent gooioglsts oxnmlnod tho fossils
of my opinions on  sovoral  acts of
tho city council of which I know nolhing about nnd before I had tlmo to
look about n mnn about six foot throo
InchoH throw mo down and,Jumped
on mo sovoral Union, anothor follow
mndo a viibIi at mo with a Hword and
tho only thing thnt saved mo was a
big. roll of bills I hnd botwoon Iho
loaves of a prnyor hook I nlwnyH | arinlnglous (Hsoiihoh, wntor
Horn, to Mr .and Mih, Frank Lowls,
ii (Inughtor.
I'lio goal poHtH from tlio old foot-
hnll field havo boon eroded upon ihu
now ground, and n lot of worlc hi'i
been dono In removing rocks nnd
leveling tit. ground, otc. Wo will
play noxt, Hiilurdny'H match, Ilollovuo
vh .runic upon It for tho first tlmo.
Tlmro In quito a lnrgo crowd oxpoctod
from I'mule, ,1'iiHHbiii'g and Illllcrost
for lho mulch, iih thoro Ih a grout
clout  of oxcllumout  to  lio  oxpoctod
XX'tWW  HUllK  illlt)H  HH  llioy  lillVO  llllll
Dw Ci.i]o:i)ii;i    i-hi) wit   jO'U'i'J/,'    wllh
thom.    Anyway  wp  expect  lo  win
nlrlght.   Mr. .InmoH Wilson of Fornio,
nnd into of Scotland, will roforoo.
Mr. It. Connolly 1ms plncod nnotlior
Those interested in tho study of
"First Aid to the Injured" -will be interested to hear that Hon. Harold Bolton, organizing commissioner for the
St. John's Ambulance, association, :s
expected to arrive A in - town about
August 24 from Australia. During his
stay here he will deliver an address
at the Vancouver Club on the aims
and purposes of. the association. Up
till the present the headquarters ,of
the association .have been in London,
but a re-organization now in progress
will give Canada1 its own headquarters at Ottawa. Mr. Bolton has ic-
cently been engaged on a similar mission through Australia. The ambulance association in this city Nyas
started in 1907. It is entirely of a
philanthropic nature, supported by
voluntary contrbutions and affiliated
with the Red Cross Society. It seeics
co-operation with.all who,-in the absence of a doctor or surgeon are able
to be of, service-in the case of accident' Just bow badly a knowledge
of first aid is needed is proved by the
fact that in several cases men in log
ging camps have bled to death whon
.the simplest knowledge'of tourniquecs
on the part of the. men'themselves or
rtheir—companions-would—have—saved"
their lives,, while cases ' are reported
nearly every day in which simple
treatment, had it' only, been given,
would have sustained a patient until
a doctor could.arrive on the scenes.
The chief object of the association' in
this city is to instruct classes or in-
dlvduals who are in- a position to be
of use in case of accident", as, for instance, employes of the B. C. 13 R„
policemen," firemen, school' teachers,
Y. M. C. A., Y.W. C. A., guards nt tho
swimming beaches, members of tlie
Sixth Regiment, D. C.' O. R„ and all
who aro at all likely to * come into
contact with accident. ,
Tho B. C. E, R. has already installed
65  first aid boxes,  containing bandages, restoratives', etc., and Mr. Perry,
general manager'of the compnny, is
trying to nrrnngo with Ills Worship
Uio Mayor for tho holding of a public
mooting for the purposo of Interesting
men in charge of largo Intorosts of
dangerous character   ln    this worlc.
Classes woro started somo tlmo ago,
among thoso joining being members
of tho Y. M.  C. A„ tho .Vnncouvor
Athletic  Club,  nnd  tho  Sixth  Regiment, D. C. 0. R,   Tho Instruction nnd
lectures woro given by Dr. ,.Cnmpboll
Burns, of this city,   A class has "also
been  started  In  tho conl  mlnos  of
Cumborlnnd   and   another will soon
como into oxlHtonco; at   Ladysmlth.
Tho locnl  association meets at tho
library   rooms   of   tho   Vancouvor
Modlcnl society, and many of Uh mombors belong to both societies, Htlll it
is entirely an Indopondont body. Tlio
president Is Dr. W. D. Brydono-Jnoic,
ono of tho oldofit and host known of
the modlcnl fraternity ot thin iit*-';
vice-president,    Mr.   Willinm Dunn*,
principal of Normal sohooln nnd hoc
rotnry, Mr. II.
couvor World.
♦ HILLCREST. ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦•$►<*♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦
Wanted—A first-class culinary artist
who will' receive a handsome remuneration and be furnished with
comfortable sleeping quarters. A
vegetarian will be,,, given preference
as a fish diet is positively prohibited.
Apply with references to Alphonso
Hale.
Walls Goffour Badge,
■ South of the North Pole 10 degree.
' Once again thirsty souls can find
liquid refreshment as the dispensary
of the .local'hotel resumed operations
last week under the management of
the Hillcrest ■ Hotel company.' The
house has beon thoroughly renovated
and In the near* future when all of the
proposed improvements have been
consummated wo shall be able to
boast of a hostelry that wlil , compare favorably* with any throughout
the Pass,
We all feel sorry for Mr. and'Mrs.
S. Marshall at the loss sustained by
the death of their baby last Tuesday.
The interment took place at the' Hillcrest cemetery on Thursday.
Mr. and Mrs. Lynn were- seen
strolling on our,main boulevard last
Sunday afternoon.
Your correspondent has only just
recovered sufficiently to pen a few
lines from a severe mental shock
sustained by meeting a Frank citizen
on the slide armed with a shotgun
and a lantern for what purpose I have
failed to ascertain, but pleased . to
state that a scare to my delicate
nerves was the only damage suffered. Perhaps the gentleman was
searching for the wherewithal for a
gopher pie'.    ,
Percy Porter of Coleman, a fire
fugitive, was'-'an, visitor in' these
alysian fields last Sunday and made
use of the opportunity of renewing
his many old acquaintances. No! No!
It is against our principles to work
on Sunday, also Monday, and Tuesday
sometimes.
One of,, the merchants here last;
week asked a question which had been
agitating his mind'to unravel as it is
'to him a mystery'why P7 Burns Co.,
sell more fish in. Hillcrest than", at
any, other store,* so perhaps,.,Mr.
Editor, you may furnish some" logical
reasoning for this state of affairs:-
(Ed.-)    Very probably because Of the_
charge against him to a capital
charge of murder, so as to prevent
our brother from obtaining bail and
also in; not doing his duty in face
of all evidence given, in laying quiet
and not prosecuting the coal company
and tlieir officials for breaking the
mining laws of the Province, and - it
be further ' * " - "
Resolved, That we , hereby appeal
to the Right Honorable Premier
Sifton, also the honorable Attorney
General, of this Province to investigate tbis matter as soon as possible
and order' the release of A. Decoux"
and prosecute the, Frank Coal company for breaking tho mining laws
of the Province.
Thereby assuring the citizens of
Alberta that we will receive justice
from that source if we cannot get it
from others, for
"Masters and Rulers, lake war-ulns-, J an(l    the
we are men.-   Tlio blood in our veins I arose,
ing the ventilation before all in the
mine were dead. In such a case the
risk of a fire-damp explosion on reversing the current would need to be
carefully considered and guarded
against, however, and there were many *
mines where this risk would be far
too great; so that direct reversal of
the'ventilation would be the only safe
means. It was the duty of every manager to consider carefully how hia
mine might be' made as safe, as possible from the "risks of explosion or
fire, and this was a far more inipor-"
tant matter than the consideration of
rescue work, lu emergencies everything depended on clear thinking,
proper provision, and competent 'direction.
* Dr. Haldane repeated his lecture on
tlie 30th uk„ in  Edinburgh, for tlio
benefit of members resident in Fifo
Loihians,    and    discussion
came down from the past. We've
hearts and they're human forgiving
but when aroused to the limit, resist
to tho" last.!'
Submitted  . by    John    Jones    and
unanimously adopted.
RESCUE WORK  IN  MINES.
In  an  address.at  Glasgow  on  the
2Sth ult., before tho members of the
Mining Institute of Scotland, Dr. J. S.
Haldane referred to the changes whicli
took, place  in the  atmosphere  of a
mine after an explosion or fire, and
said .tliere were three possible ways
of  protecting   the   men   from   afterdamp.    One, was to get pure air to
them;'another was to get out of,the
after-damp;  and a third was to give
them oxygen, lo   breathe until they
were again in puro air. . If, as was
generally the case, the downcast and
upcast shafts    were    close together,
separation' doors and    air    crossings
would have been destroyed, so tbat
fresh air could not be got round the
pit   in   the   ordinary manner.    The
shafts and a.short distance from them
would,  however,  be   swept  by  fresh
air''almost at once.    Even if the fan
drift had been injured, tho warmer upcast would induce a powerful,air-current, and ' it would probably be possible Jo descend the upcast at once
and rescue any men who were close
to cither shaft.  -In most cases there
would be  only two  shafts  close* together,   and   unless   the   separation
doors and .an.y__.air_.crossuig_nj_.ar__t.he.
recognition of .the fact that, the resi-'
dents of Hillcrest need ' brain* food'
and of it as many medical authorities
give great* credit to fish, as conducive to.mental development. Again
th'e abnormal demand may be caused
by the dearth of goat flesh, the'
daily meat of so many former residents of Cambria.
Owing lo the increased demand for
the palatable cooling food* and finding his present, machinery of production inadequate Mr. Frank Earp lias
ordered another ico cream froozcr
which will hold a short ton of tlio
angel dlot. Yum. Yum. Como and
have one on us.
Wo wish to correct nn Inaccuracy
that appeared In your columns re-
rogtirdlng Mr. George Martin who met
ills death by an accident in Iho mines
horo June 15. Tho deceased gontlomnn was nol a Scotchman as slatod,
but. a nativo of tho state of Ohio,
U. S, A., nnd also lived many years
In Stanton, Ills., whoro ho hns a host
of relatives and frionds.
The president (Mr; McLaren, II. M.
1. M.) remarked tIiqjt the, point raised
by Dr. Haldane in regard to tlie reversing of air in cases of underground
fire was an important one lo mining
men.   He knew tliat the lecturer was
anxious to elucidate the views of .nl-
li-ory managers as- to whether or not
in every circumstance it was possible
to have the" air    reversed.0 For ox-
ample, in connection with the underground  fire  at  Maurlcewood  the  reversing of the ventilation would havo
dono no. good, but .on the other hand
tliere were instances on record where
such  a   step  had  proved  advantageous, notably the accidents at.Hill of
Death and  No, 11 Lumphinnans colliery.
'Mr. James Hamilton (Glasgow) said
he had lately occasion to examine a
section of a colliery which was under
suspicion, and he had done so under
tlie care of a canary. Ho had. to confess that he felt somewhat nervous at
the time, but after the experiments
ho had observed Dr. Haldane carry-,
ing through* in reference to thc effects of carbon monoxide on birds, he
personally Mould not have lho slightest difficulty or hesitation in repeating the oxporionce. it was his sincere
conviction that minors ought to bo
taught the way of escape from workings, both intake and return, so that
the knowledge might.', be useful to
them in a case of emergency. Miners
could not be made sufficiently ac-,*
quaint ed with the roads unless they
irnvplfitl   tbem   ne'rindicnllv.   "niiil    lie
S,   Schoflold,—Vnn-
fow nrroH of lotH upon tho market
boi'8 nnd friends who hnvo acted f.o | Ilo hnd n surveyor go ovor tho prop*
kindly towards hor   In tho   prosont
tlmo of nood.
An nccldont which nocfisHllatnd laying tho shift off for the dny happened
on Tnursday morning. It appears that
tho londor hroko down with n boxcar on It nnd as thoro woro no opon
cars on hand No, 1 South, No, 2 and
3 woro compollotl to suspend operations until tho londor wai fixed,
Bort Blrtwhlfltlo, fan man at No. 1
North, when nbout to como off shift
on Wednejday nlitht had the ml*-
fortuno lo Ml and bonldnn a novoro
shaking up It U believed he has fractured his ribs. Uo wan admitted to
the Ft-trnlft boipital on Thursday.
orty lnm woolc nml quito n number ot
now dwellings, etc., nro bolng put up.
Anionic others nro Mr, Charlos Lohtl,
n houso, Mr. Hob Cnrnoy, of Cowley,
n bitrn. niul Mr. Stovo llumhlo, a
largo storo noxt to tho McCutchoon
block.    Wo nro growing somo.
Dominic Olorlo nnd Peto Lovrn loft
for a nip to Italy UiU v,«.'--k,
Miss Kelly la on a visit to her
sister ftt' Pincher Croek.
One ot tho most popular nodal
events over hold In Ilollovuo occurrod last Thursday whon lhe ladles of
tho MathndM rhnrrh n'.iVt.loi tho
quiet folk In camp hy announcing a
fowl suppor and a grand concort.
With -charnctcrUlIc energy'And puab
carry with ino. Thoy lnld mo on a
plank nn<r'exnmlnod my tooth, plnchod
my arms, logn nnd body, stuck throo-
Inch splkps In mo nil ovor, pushed
rod popper up my iioho, pullod hairs
out nf my nock with rod hot pluchors.
I iiuppimo thlH wiih tn mnko tno fed
at homo. Whon I cnmo to my hoijhos
I wnn In llm iintornom wllh n jug of
coffoo ond hoiiio sniulwlclios, I wnn
enjoying tho coffee niul sandwlclms
nnd wondering what tlmo thoro'd ho
a trnln hack to Mlko whon tlio lights
wont out and I wiih pushed inlo n
roll wllh ii couplo of missing llnlcs
who woro doing n trnpozo net on tl*io
nl (,-.>r fiiiirir'   In.   piy-   f-t<i;',\< -'.      TV.' '*('   Y"'7
Hovei'iil Hltnh-tntiH nf Cnplnlti Kldd,
Ony FfiwkoH, Ollvur (Jromwoll, a flying
machlno, sovornl Imrrols of dynamite
and a mountnln lion chained up growling und ■■pitting at uin that my hair
parted In tlm middle.  Tho light*) wont
,      , , ,,   i ,    , •    » , -
H'«V   »'.ki'.»   I,    a,.-!,  nn....,-. '.*>   "v    «»4\i   *,>.Vl»»  Ml.
the neck nnd thrown nstrldo an animal
that scorned to lmvo tails all nround
hlm,*) I'vo punched cows on lho rnngo
boon a rough rider on n horse rnuch
nnd dono somo hard riding on sovornl
occasions. I wns on tho stcamor
FYanclK U'llnon whon holier bunted on
Lnko Huporlor, nnd on tho schoqnar
MnntlngR xvhon nbo wiih wiwlf-vl on
the Pnclflc; hnvo horn, whilo railroading, In 17 wrecks, but tho ex-
tumlon I had Tuesday night bad tbem
all bnckr-d off tho mnp. I bollovo
tho cur would he going yot only his
wind gave out. Tho lllg Clilof then
came over to mo and ahook my Uautl
and told mo I was a member of nn
ordor that has heen running for 3,000,-
000 yearn and that 1 was froo from
nnd firo
proof, Hiiid I,could sit. down ou a rod
hot stovo wllh Impunity nnd pull
facoH nt. Jimmy Mni'shnH's hull pup,
I-returned to Mlko nnd to bod nnd
got. up and rouil Ihiu notico nu tlm
hodrnom door;
Tlio Iiouho Ih full of arnica
And  mystery  profound
Wo do not darn to rim about
Or mnko the slightest hoiiikI.
Wo lonvo tho big plnno Khtit,
And do not strike n nolo,
noiilK'lI'H boen In horn movoii tiiiidH
Slurr- I'npii nidis llm goat.
* ,.v „»i,   i i tt,. .in,iit,   tiimt.tj   ti.ii',.llllt
of fnlfiirv wtw in V'll'o thin week.
Mr. nnd Mrs, .Ton Hodgson nf Cnlgary nro spoiling tliolr bnnoymonn
in Mlko.
Tho (.'hnmpni-Mm nxoim of Mlko
milts iik Hindi better,thnn tho beery
U*iimin)iin*)<: *'i \-('it» l.ivun-i (if UiU COKH
ovon fog nf Fornio.
They iiindd It ho hot for uh In
Fernie the other night wn noticed
tlm photos on llio wall poi'Hplrltig, no
doubt sympathizing wllh us.
If you can't mako an enomy you
can't make a friend.
There Is SfiO.OOO words lu tho
i-Jngllili hinfrn-ifro nnd wc wW everyone of I hem IftHt Tuesday night.   .,
Mr. nnd Mrs, Lockwood and family
of I.t-thbildga nro camping at Klko
for tho summer.
Wo received a consignment of
fruit over the C P. R. this wcok
fiom I'Yi'i'U* lu KWKl'uliapo, Nbl an
orange, lemon, plum, poor, chorry or
■watermelon wns missing Moat ro-
markahtft don't you know.
Whereas, In our opinion the Frank
Conl company havo laid false state-
inonts against Brollicr Decoux, Ihat
ho Intentionally lot. it car run away
which resulted ln tho deatli of one
Lohorl, causing him to bo taken nwny
from his wlfo and fnmlly nnd incarcerated In prison to await trlnl,
which won't, tako place before tills
fall, and
Whereas', Tlio coronor's jury exonerated Docoux from all blame In faco
of tho ovidoneo produced, where It.
was proved thnt iho employes (accused Included) complained to thn
mnnngomont of tho mlno sovoral I linen
of tho placo nut efficient, to a void accidents: hut tho complaints were
Ignored liy tlm mnnng .nont and tho
jury passed rldors lo rocommond the
manitgoinont to remody tho causo of
tho nccldont ko ns to avoid futuro
nccldonts of tho samo nntiiro, which
mount Mint, tlio Jury ennsiderod tlmi
llio company's officials wore llm
guilty pnrty to tho denth of holiort,
and
WlmreiiH, Wo think ihnl llm public
prnHectilor (Corporal Hnll) noted In n
high limided iiiauilur, In llm face of
tlm jury's verdict, as wo think Hint
lie Hhould have placed llio ecmipniiy'n
officials under arrest, iih 11 --.lmwi-d
plainly that hnd tlmy done their duly
and lived up to tlie milling Iiiwh of
Albert a, llio accident Hlmuld not have
occurrod; iiIho taking in clmsldura-
Hon Ihat llm Chief Inspector of
Mines closed lluif portion of the mlno
until Hiieh time iih tho company's of
ill.llllt,   Vx-Nlll  (UI'U'I)   Millll  llll! LiLXX   1(11*1
reiwivr  the  "rnin r-  ef  ihiiuri-r,   nml
Wheroas, We rnimlder thin a direct
blow to tlio hmiri of nur.oi'wnnlziilloii,
Uniled Mine Workors of Annuicii, nine.
nil labor oiKiinlziitloiiH in general by
Ilie conl corporal Inns nud their h.vco-
piiiim-**;  Uiei'i'tore i»e it
llesolvcd, That wo, Loonl 10,r-K.
United Mine Workers of America,
lociiiod nt IllllcreHt, Albertn, assembled today at special meeting ko on
record as being unalterably opposed
to such  tactics on the  pnrt of tlio
shaft were made'so as to resist explosions, or be capable of rapid repair,  the stagnant after-damp would
remain on the main road    or   roads
right up* to within ashort distance of
the shafts.   Rescue operations beyond
tliis short distance would thus be impossible or'would result disastrously.-
If the main  doors and  air crossings
liad gone every effort should at onco
bo, concentrated    on    repairing them,
and thus getting air through the workings,   Tho importance of getting this
dono In tho quickest possible way was
evidently vory great.    If rescue apparatus and trained mon wero avail-
ablo they could 1)0 sent, at, onco into
tho poisonous nlr away from the shafts
lo explore, extinguish any firos, and
render whnt aid tlioy could.   Whether
or not a rescue corps wns available,
It was usually much easier * to   get
fresh air" lo lho disabled  mon  than
to bring thorn out to fresh nlr.   The
main work   of   rescuo   would llius
nlwny*; consist. In restoring tlio ventilation,    Tlmy  ought,  Dr.  Hnlduno
snld, to be provided with means for
testing the air at any point, and for
this purposo a bird or nioitso onclosed
lu u box shutting airtight might" be
used, tho box being capablo of being
connected wllh the exhaust of a rescuo apparatus    so    that tho animal
could bo revived fit onco if nocessary.
A  gront donl  usually  depended   on
what tho men did who woro ln-bye
of an oxploHlon.    Too    ofton    tlioy
simply hurried towards thu shaft and
got Into tho /ono of afterdamp, whero
tlmy porlHhcd, whilo    If   thoy   only
wnitod In tho pure nlr at or. near tho
working faco they would bo safe until
tho vontilation could bo restored, •
With regard to tlm f-uoKilon of rescue operations nt underground fires,
Dr, Ilahltino snld the extremo danger
of n flro anywhere on a main Intake,
and particularly at or about, the downcast shaft, was often not fully realized
in Hpltn of llio mnny terrible din-
aslei'H which had resulted from lIiIh
cause hoih In'collieries and metalliferous minim. TIim fire always gave
off unburn!, carbon moiioxlile, which
wiih carried liy tlio vent lint Inn in every
purl nf lhe mine wllh the iiiohI deadly effeeiH; mid the liall'-buiiil hiikmiIiI-
cling limber nr coal lefi In llm di-brlii
on llio track of n mine fli-e might
gi\e off ini*!*i',.(if tliii-i j;.is* than thc
lihi'/liig ilnitiei'H llmniH-'lvi-H. Il B'-enj-
ed to lilm thnt. lhe nm- certain umniiH
nl' Having llm men, ami nl Hm mum
thought such a thing ought to be encouraged by the management at every,
colliery.
MivRonon (Fife, Coal company) said
that all the, information they in Fife-
shire could get from Dr. Haldane as.__
to the effects of cqrbon monoxide was.
very acceptable.    Regarding the. important  question   of.rescue  work  in
mines lio felt, that n vital point IJioy
had lo consider wns tlio class of mon
thoy proposed lo train as rescuers.   A
rescuer, besides being a medically examined  man  to    see    that    ho  was
physically fit, ought to be a man who
liad been undor observation in a caso  ,
of danger,    Unless tliey had men of
nerve in a rescue corps It, was pos
sible  that, additional lives might, bo
lost.
Mr. Rain (Alloa Coal Company) observed tliat. lho Fife district was subject to outbreaks by spontaneous combustion, and lu consideration thereof
lho coal owners there had at. present,
under erection an .experimental gallery at Cowdenbeath for tho purposo
of training officials and workmen In
llio use of rescue apparatus. Tlio
building'* woh nearly .completed, nnd
after lt wiik fully equipped and sot
to work tho Fife and Clackmannan .
conl owners woiild bo pleased to exhibit tlm gallery to nil IntoroHted.
Dr. Ilnldnno, ln replying to tho oh-"
sorvntlons of tho preceding speakers,
said thai In a mining disaster whnt
thoy wnntod to do was to ascertain
tho limits that ono could go wllh
safety. For toHtlng for enrbnn-mnn-
oxido thon n bird might, perhaps
somewhat oxnggornto tlio danger—
that animal was ho sensitive—and
probably a bird and a mouse together
in thu mine would make llm bo«i combination.
SOLDIER MURDER8
ARTILLERY   CAPTAIN
8outh African Veteran's Terrible Revenge for Sentence for Drunkenness—Received King's Pardon.
VKTOIHA. Aug, <:.-■-HrondluK over
a (■■ni) nf liuiiilhiiiiiimni, the rcHiilt
nf di-iinlieuni'HS curly bint month;'
(iunin'i' ThomiiH Allen, n veteinn of
llm Smith African war ami u Knldler
of limit Hiiiiidliig In Hie Imperial nnd
('ni-inllim tiu(i|i**, willfully tiiindi-i-i'd
f'nptaln l\ Iv Klllnton nf the Roynl
('aniiillan (IiiitIhou Artillery, nt Work
Point    liarrackH.    Mhi-iiIiiiiiIi,    at.    !t
lime presuming further damage In Hm in'i'liM'k Urn nmriiliiK nf, AiiuhhI   IM,
pit,  wiih revermtl  of the  ventilation, j Shot  From Window.
If tills  eould  lie  iiiiui-  promptly   tlm:     Allen was one of tlm fatigue parly
mun   would  be  wived, nud  the  flro I unsigned in do mmm work al the bar-
I'iiily    huh    inniniiig.    Alier
.. .:, ,.:::, *;■ ..*:. ,, :.- j n
illlNt-li liiich nil Uie tliii'K ni Dililil-oui   iiiiihH
l!n.hei .'■■■il f.illii- jm?, ii).!(!. !
left, Till' Whole IlillU' would Illf'.O lm
acceHHlhle again, and Iim fire could
be siifn-HHftiily at Inched, if noruHwiry,
from ihe Inbye wido. TIiIh subject
whh hrnimht lii'fore (lie Minim,' In-
silliilc et Sentimnl many yciirs itgn
by Mr. Allardlcn, who Introduced n
and Hum might be gained for reversing tbo ventilation at tlm colliery
IiIh management, TIiIh method wiih ex-
.trnmoly efficient.    Falling lho pohhI-
(the party mid went lo the gun room,
I where lm tinned hlniHelf and lny In
f wai I Ing eiiHenimeil lu i) window, unlil
jcaplnlii  KIllNton  appeared  from  tho
< cniniinnv    iii'ftci'    iH-rnsM    Hie    vanl.
Allen, who won a -enii-Ji hIidi, ralsfd
hit* rifle nnd fired. The bullet pierced
Mm officer's neck Just below the ear
mid Havered the Jugular vein.   Cnptnin
KlllHion died In n shntl time.
Captured by Comrades.
Allen  HoiiKht  Might  In  the adjoin-
blllty of reversing tlm vent lint Ion nt.
Frank Coal (uinpuiiy In "regards to ! once, or of cutting it nil nudei ground, j lug -^im-iIk Inn wan hhimi mirroundcd
our Ilrothor Decoux, also In trying toi tho lop of tho downcast hlmft might lnnd captured by a squad of soldlern.
bi'lug  illiicmllt  to  our  urgaul/atluii. be cloacd, no an W> ■ i|i. »lf Mm alrjll-. v.'ifi lurm-d over tn tlm provincinl
police nnd Ih being held under u
formal charge of murder. Ho hnn
mado no ntmement. The Imprlnon-
lueiit, which Is believed to hnvo sup-
tho pence nnd  tranquility  of every j Iho mlno n bollor chnnre If Dw flrwSplled lhe motive for tho munl«<r. «•»■
ns llm United Mlno Workers of! supply to tlio fire, and tlm current
Amorlcn Is n luw-nbldlng Institution. J of poisonous air round llm mine. This
It |s a defender of tho law nnd order, might scorn a desperate munsuro, hut
and  believe In  tho maintenance of; II. appeared lo glvo both tlm umn and
community; nnd bo It further I w«» simply allowed lo burn on and
lU-Holve.1, Tbnt   w»   conde-imi Dw i tho smok-ft nnd carbon monoxide to be
action of the Public Proiocutor In
net ing In such n hlgh-hnndod manner
towards A. Decoux, In changing; Ibe
carried   round   tho   workings,    Tho
flames could bo quickly nxllrigulNhed,
and lime Imght bo gained for revert- hwom-*** pf feci Ive.
ordered by Captain BUIston on .'illy
11, but ftticr Allen hnd served 10
days of Ibe sentence ho wns released.
King Oootro'h general pardon having c'  't
zyi-:^' y
-..-"    ,.      •    T-    >*   •     •-.
: ;-*■-    *-v
PAGE SIX
THE  DISTRICT, JLEPGER,. FERNIE, B. C, AUQU8T 8, 1910.
Coke-Oven  Gas
A Description  of. the  Plant  of,the Nova
. Scotia Steel and Coal Co., at Sydney, N.S.
Fuel Economy is' an   Important   Question
By Thomas J. Brown.
* Greater economy in the use of fuel
■ is a question always of the utmost
interest'to consumers. As our coal
mines grow larger, haulages become
longer, shafts deeper, and the many
drawbacks in connection with the extraction of coal become more extensive and expensive, this question of
economy in fuel becomes each day a
more important-one to all concerned.
In the early history of coal minrng
in this country, vory little attention
was paid to this very important
Item. Particularly was this true at
the different collieries; a3 they were
producing the fuel themselves, It was
natural for them, not tb place the
same amount of importance on tbe
question of economy in the use of
fuei as other consumers who had to
pay more for their fuel.
Strange to say, these conditions are
greatly changed; and I believe today
that the coal operators are doing as
much as anyone, if not more, toward introducing economical methods
in connection with their operations,
and toward the introduction of the
most modern equipment in connection
with their power plants, to enable
them to make use of the heat units
possible, and to consume the lower
grade fuels that were at one-time so
generally consigned    to    the    waste
dumps. ' i
The most up-to-date and modern
water-tube boilers have taken the
place of the old exterior-fired, egg-end,
cylindrical type.' High steel stacks
and forced or induced draft fans havo
taken the' place of the old 60 to 80
feet square brick stacks so evident
some years ago. Self-stokers, .traveling chain grates, feedwater heaters,
economizers, and all the other contrivances so well known to the modern engineer, have been  introduced,
. all .with a view of further economizing
the use of fuel.
And, personally, I think a still
greater change has taken place in the
fact that nearly all plants in the early
_davs_dld_not_-hay-e__sufficient_b.6ile_r_
enterprise"; that is, they own their
own ore, limestone, coal, and metallurgical plant. By using these gases
as a fuel, the result brought about
a very peculiar and unique condition
of affairs. It was found that, after
supplying all the power that was necessary at the metallurgical end of the
plant, some surplus power was available; this power was conducted back
to the coal mines in the shape of electrical current and is now being successfully applied in the underground
hauling and raising of coal, and in
furnishing power for the ventilating
of the mines, forming what might be
termed an endless chain in the operations.
Tho details of this plant will no
doubt prove very uninteresting reading to a great many of our members,
but we bppe WM !?e appreciated by
persons who are directly interested in
this class of work. Of course, there
is no claim made by any officer of
the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal company that this undertaking was original or unique; but it is also surprising that such a small proportion of
coke makers have availed themselves
of this method of treating with waste
gases, that it was suggested to the
writer that a paper of this nature
might be of some value.
In connection with this plant, there
are two independent installations of
coke ovens; those near the blast furnace, known as the Bernard type,
the surplus gas from these being used
in connection with tho production of
steam from the electric power plant;
the second Installation,of ovens of the
Bauer type, located at No, 1 colliery,
the* surplus gases being used in generating steam for general colliery use.
These two installations are widely
different in many respects, and between them they cover In many details the use of coke-oven gas under
boilers. ;
In _the case of the Bernard ovens,
there are * a number of small ovens
situated at about an average distance
of* 200 feet from the boilers, so that
the frictional resistance of this flue
becomes an important factor when
considering the amount of draft neces--
sary. The gases, pass through boilers
of any ordinary' fire-tube type, and
here again ."the resistance of ^.number of small tubes is met with.
FERNIE UNION .DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
', 141, ..Meets every,Friday night at
*■' 8 p.m. "Miners'union hall.. A. L7
;Bples*; President; William Long, Re-
.- cording; Secretary.  i.~- ■-•"■' "
Bartenders'. Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays'at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A: Goupill, Waldorf Hotel.;
power to efficiently do the work required; .and that today engineers see
the great advisability of* having more
power than is necessary to do the
actual work, and in this way enable
tliem to use Inferior fuel, and to do
tho work with greater ease and less
strain to the power plant than was the
custom in.former days.
Not. only does the engineer of today see this, but ho has, after a' great
deal of opposition, beon able to make
thc governing bodies of nearly all the
big corporations today soo the advls-
abutiy of the great saving to be made
by making tho original Investment
for power plant largo enough to put
in placo a plant of sufficient power to
onablo * them to avail themselves of
tho economies to bo mado in this.
If a stranger visits any of tho great
metallurgical  centers  of the  Unitod
States, and particularly tho state of
Pennsylvania, ho is at onco struck by
tho enormous quantities of escaping
gas from coke ovens, to bo soon all
through the country.   To tho man who
appreciates tho powor and the commercial valuo contained in this escaping gas it is appalling,    When  ono
thinks or tlio ridiculously small porcontngo of efficiency that Is oxtractcd
from  each pound of coal, and  then
neos this enormous waste, ho cannot
holp but wonder why wo  havo not
reached tho point whoro tho uso of
this waste gas has become more gen-
oral,
It is pleasing to note that a groat
many of what are known ns by-product coko ovons nro replacing lho old
form of boehlve ovon, and by tho
manufacture of by-products somo of
tho vnlunblo qualities of theso escaping gnses are being extracted, Statistics show Hint the United stalos hns
yot In oporation 00,000 hoehlvo ovons,
nnd In 1007 but . -1,000 by-product
ovens. Tho coko from the Improved
ovens In 1007 wns valued nt $21,000,000
nnd tho by-products nt $7,ri00,000. Tho
bonlilvo ovons In tlio snino yoar produced coko worth $80,000,000, and In
Ihls manner abRolutoly wnstod $55,-
000,000. Is It any wonder n stranger
Is astounded at this eimrmous waste,
which cnn only bn accounted for as
due lo the prosumed abundance of
their resources, Kvon wltli the modern oven an in use In Cnpo Ilreton
today, lho wante from poorly sealed
riven doors, If thoroughly appreciated,
should recnlvo closer attention,
Very littlo coko making wns dono
In llm provlnco of Nova Scotia in thn
early days, and any tliat wos mado
was wllh beehive ovens. The Nova
flcotla Steel and Conl compnny, whloh
lind its pig-iron liiniuce at ruiiuii.i,
_lrif>ii i-riiii*.ty, wnr: the flirt In Cun-
adn to Introduce lho use of whnt In
known as tho rotort ovon, In connection therewith wns also built tlio
first waslmry In Canada for tho cleaning of slack coal.
About the year I fine, by-product coko
ovons woro built hy ihe Dominion
Iron and Steel company, in Sydney;
nnd about tho snmo tlmo tho Nova
Hcotla Stool and Conl company built
nt Sydney mines ovens of practically
thn somo typo; 30 nt what Is known
ns No, 1 colliery, nnd 120 nt Its blast
furnace which Is sit tinted nbout bnlf
a mil*) Iiiuii lli-i cnllii-i'.v, Tiii-it.-uil of
utilizing tlin waste gases from theso
ovens for by-product purposes, this
i company rhnnn to use It. under Its
boilers as fuel, nnd tho object of thla
wns accomplished nnd the success It
hns met with.
This company Is rather fortunate
In having what somo peoplo would
cnll   nn   a   whole, "a solf-contnlnod
In the original design of this plant,
the arrangement .-.was such' that the
gases from 80 of these ovens were
to pass through nine fire-tube boilers, and thencje from a flue at the rear
of- the boilers to a brick stack 150
feet high) 6 feet 6 inches diameter,
and with'a stack temperature of 800
degrees Farenheit, a, draft of 1%-inch
water gouge was produced. This stack
would not produce sufficient draft to
allow the ovens to work up to their
full capacity, and this condition was
further aggravated if It became necessary to take one or more'boilers off
for repairs, so it was finally decided
that' lt would be advantageous to install an induced-draft fan between the
roar fluo-of'th'e. boilers and the brick
stack, and at the snmo time a numbor of tho boi.er setting woro altered
so that in tho present arrangement
there are nine plain flro-tubo boilers,
15 feet long, n8 feot diameter, having
119 (i-inch plain tubes and 10 5-inch
screwed stay'tubes.
Tlio setllng was altered on four of
Iheso ' oilers by building \ brick wall
longitudinally under the contor of tho
bottom of tho bailor shall, so that
tho gas, after passing through tho
tubes from tho front to roar, flows
from roar to front undor onc-hnlf of
tho shell, and through a port, from the,
front, to roar of tho other hnlf, and
thon from tho fluo nt the rear ot the
hollers through tho Inducod-draft fan
to tho stack,
This fan Is of tho regular typo usod
for Induced draft for boilers, having
water-cooled bearings. Tho fan whool
is 108 Inchos In diameter, 52 Inchos
wido, nnd runs at nliout 220 revolutions por minute, and at this speed
produces a draft equivalent to 1 7-8-
inch wator gauge,
In tho furnace of tlio bollors the
draft Is usually about 1H-10 Inch, and
In the main fluo In front of tho ovens
is fnrthor roducod 1--1 to 5-10 of an
inch, Tho draft. In thn coking chambor
of tlio ovens varies botwoon 1-8 and
-VItl of an Inch,
Tho'I 7-8-Inch draft at the fan, with
tho nlno bollorn under steam, gives
vory satisfactory resulm; but If It Is
nocossary to tako off onn or two bollors, tho fan Ih upended up until nbout
a 2 1-8-Inch wator gaugo Is produced,
The gas from any number of bollorH
cnn bn cut off by dropping n damper
between tho main gas fluo nml thn
boiler, This damper consists of nn
iron hnnd, Iho center of which Is filled
wltli firebrick; nnd aH It works In a
slot, tho outer edges ,of tho dnmpor
and the Iron hand ,do not, cnmo In
contact with tbo bot gases, and tho
,1 t i i    '
„ il.lli.    .,. t    4.1^,1. <4«U'J^l    .10    .*,    M.4i.i|.L4     (VlCa
'■nrnpleln nntlHTncHori,
Knch of thoflo'batteries of id ovens
was designed fq. produce 100 Ions of
-lb-hour coke por day of 2*1 hours; but
tliolr rapacity has been cut down by
putting In an additional 2-Inch flro-
wick piivcrnciii in iho hoiHitn, *.o ui.a
their ordinary maximum capacity lu
now 00 tons, Thoy cnn bo charged
wltli sovon tons of washed conl, containing about olght per cent of moisture when proporly leveled. This
coal has an average nnalysls of about
an follows: Aah, Cl per ccr.t; .ml-
pluir, 1.2 por cont; volatile mattor,
.10.2 per cent; carbon, .*1." per cent;
moisture, 10,0 per cent.
Under ordinary working conditions,
boforo tho change in Dw. hotting was {
mado, tho boliers would develop
nbout 100 horsepower each; but, after
returning tho gas under tho lower
nhuU ot the boiler, IhU was Incruiu-ed
to nbout 112 horsepower,
As n direct result of the use of the |
gas from two batteries of these ovens,
the steam necessary for generating
is produced, amounting to ah average
of some 260,000 kilowatt hours per
the electric power of the entire plant
month, with ' engines of high-speed
Corliss type having a steam consumption of about 16 pounds of steam per
one horsepower.  '        ,
At the Bauer coking plant, the ovens
are much larger and are located alongside the boiler house,' so that the gas
flues are comparatively short, and the
gas is used under Babcock &• Wilcox
water-tube boilers, offering very little
resistance to its flow. These boilers
are also fitted with an induced-draft
fan and , discharge the gas into a
stack 110 feet high, 5 feet ln diameter.
In this caso it is only necessary with
three boilers on to produce a draft1 of
1 1-4 Inches water gauge; but If the
gas is used under two boilers only,
lt Is necessary to have a draft of 1 1-2
Inches.
With the same coal used for coking
purposes, a test run on one boiler
gave the following results: * 7
,, Average horsepower per hour, 331;
maximum horsepower per hour, 436;
minimum horsepower per hour, 179;
coal charged into ovens during test,
804,000 pounds; number , of ovens
charged, 15; evaporation from and at
212 degrees per pound coal charged
into the ovens, 1.18 pounds water; coal
charged into ovens per boiler horse-,
power, 29.33 pounds.
Tho operation of this plant is giving
very good results. And as these boilers have each 3,140 square feet of
heating surface, and generally the flue
temperature at rear of boilers is between 600' and 700 degrees, it would
seem that this proportion of about 9.5
square feet of heating surface per
horsepower developed, is about right
for this class of fuel.
The electric power thus generated
is) used to operate lifting cranes at
the blast furnace, trolleys that convey
coke' from the ovens to the blast furnace, electric coke-oven pushers,■"open-
hearth cranes for handling all material for open-hearth purposes, electric open-hearth furnace charging machine, all the power necessary in the
foundry, machinery-and" car shops,
electrically driving the coal washery
plant, crushers, etc., ventilating No. 1
and No. 5 collieries, operatinghaulage
fplant— north-and-south-at—NO.-5,-colliery, knocking screens and picking
belts'at the collieries,' lighting "the
whole plant, and in the many various
ways that electric current can be
used about a plant" of such nature. .
When one' considers that this power
only a few years ago was allowed to
escape into the air, and at too many
places is still allowed to escape; and
when one considers the enormous
amount of work that Is being done
by this power at the small plant described above, it is" no wonder that
tho question of the utilization of this
power is forcibly appealing to the
engineers of today.—Mines' and
Minerals,
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Meets 2nd and 4th, Saturday Miners
Union hall,     D.'Hees.'Se**-.
DR. WRIGLE8WORTH, D. D. 8.
- !l
DENTIST/
-  Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block. -
Hours 9:12^1-6;   --    .-..-.- "Phono 72
"ernle
B. C.
LIVING EXPENSES ONE
HUNDRED YEARS AGO
A perusal of somo recent articles
on 'tho subject of tho present high
prices of food* stuffs would seem to
mnko It appear that in all ages, even
hack to old Roman tlmos, thero has
boon moro or less complaint on this
scoro, and that tho people hnve sought
rollof in legislation. Bo that as it
may, thoro was a tlmo in. our own
country whon tho food substantias
woro vory' cheap, whon prlcos woro
largely rogulatod by tho law of supply and domnnd, and whon producer
and consumer Btood nenror together.—
tho cold storogo systom and Its abuses
not thon bolng known.
From the musty records of a goneral store operated about tho year
1800 In eastern New York—not 100
milos from Albnny—Iho wrltor hns
been nblo to socuro somo Interesting
figures showing thnt at that porlod
moats and othor homo products wero
"dirt" cheap, although Import od commodities woro ofton quito high. Imported liquors, however, drawn from
tho wood and sold by tho gallon,
could ho bought almost at tho cobt
of a quart today,
Horn aro somo of tho prlcos:
Veal, foro quortors, 2c to 2M-c p',r
pound,
Voal, hind quartom, 'iVid to lie per
pound,
Mutton and lamb about the.same.
7 A quarter, of a lamb, 25c'to 31c.
. Beef, all cuts, 3c to 4c per pound..
Pork,' fresh;- 3c to 8c,, per pound.
Pork, mess, 8c per pound.
Pork ham, 5c per pound.
Poultry, 4c to 6c per pound.
A single fowl, 12 %c.
A turkey, 37%c to 50c.
Butter, 8c to 17c per pound.
Cheese, 4c to 6c per pound.
Potatoes, 19c to 37Vi_c a bushel.
■   Apples, 25c a bushel7
' Prices 25 years later—even up to
1830—were only a little higher, veal
soaring to 4 cents, while beef ranged
from 3 to 6 cents, 5 cents being. the
common price for the best cuts. Pork
ranged no higher than in lSOO-^some-
tmies low .sometimes high.   Nor had
tho * prices' of eggs, poultry or butter
materially changed; and potatoes and
apples sold, average, at 25 cents per
bushel.   While the decimal system cf
currency had been adopted some time
before this period, values'were almost
universally slated in pounds', shillings
and pence.    In New York state the
pound was reckoned at $2.50, the,shilling at 12% cents, pence and cents being the same thing.   Even as late as
1830 some books were still kept in
the old style.
Sugars were high in'1800. Brown
sugar sold at 11 to 17 cents per pound,
"sugar," 19*cents; loaf sugar (loaves
of 12 pounds or more), about 30.cents
a pound.. It should be noted' that
while* meats today cost from four to 15
times the values of 1800, sugars have
decreased in the ratio of 3 and 4 to 1.
• Teas and coffees show a wider
range of prices. "Tea" 29c a pound;
Hyson tea, $1.63 a pound; green tea,
$i.70 a pound; Bohea tea, 44c a pound;
coffee, 17c to 19c a pound.
- In 1830 tea averaged about, 80 cents,
and a good coffee 31c, a pound,.though
cheaper grades were sold. •■ ■
■ This store bought and sold wheat
in considerable -quantities, and at
times the cereal soared In price almost
to the limits of a twentieth century
Chicago wheat corner—the range in
price being from'75c to $1.30-per
bushel.---Rye cost about 70c;-corn,
37%'c to 44c; and oats, general price,
19c per bushel.
 ,OLcourse,j_dEy__goods^'_and„we'aring__
apparel' of all kinds were quite ex-
pensive, a yard of calico costing 40
to 50,cents, linen, 50 cents and up;
a bandana handkerchief or a pair of
common stockings cost 87^ cents, and
a pair of silk ■ stockings, $1.50.
Day laborers received at this period
3 shillings or 37 V_ cents. Twenty to
25 years lator, work by the' day was
sometimes credited as high as $1.25.
Monthly wages, presumably with
board, ranged from $4 to $24, although
$7 and $8 was a common price. One
account shows that a gardener was
paid $5 a month. Yearly contracts
appear at $50 and $100. Womon ln
service received 6 to 7 shillings per
week (75c to 87V_c) and a seamstress
working at tho houso, was*.paid 31
cents per day. 7
A boy's schooling was as cheap as
ueal, costing $i .50 per quarter. Board
must have beon very cheap, vide
this memorandum entry; "Having this
day agreed to hoard Henry Blank and
lady, and wash for him, for $6 por
month, or at that rato for the tlmo
ho stops with mo,"
Further statements might bo presented, but the foregoing will show
that at least from 1790 to 1830 tho
food substantial wore cheap.—Charles
R; Dodgo in Country Gentleman.
Amalgamated, Society of Carpenters
and Joiners: Meets in the Miners'
Union Hall. , A. Ward, Secretary.
Typographical Union No. 555' Meets
last Saturday in each month at the
. Ledger Office. A. J, Buckley, Secretary.- , ' *   ■
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Meets
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome..D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
dr. j. barber,;dentist
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
7 Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6. to 8.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave..
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
■*' .   ROSS & LANE
'   Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein"
D. E. McTaggart
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet in Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward.- secretary. P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. , D. J. Evans,'
President; F. H. Shaw, Secretary.*
Other bodies are requested to send in
their cards,     .' *
A RARE OPPORTUNITY
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Strtet
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawo
Alex. 1. Fisher
THE7IRNLE
' '"* ?••   ,' .   7'*"     7 - ''   '- *■*,"
A. McDougall, Mgr     ]
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber.
Send us your orders
LA WE. _ FISHER
ATTORNEYS
,    Fernle,,:B,?e>"
GOOD READING AT SMALL COST—
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Every man^ connected with'mining,
whether,he is a laborer, superintend;
ent, manager, mining engineer, or owner, is interested in securing ideas that
will save him time and make more
moaey for him
An organization has been built up
at a big expenditure that is scouring
the mining world,fer^money making,
money, saving Ideas.
The problems - that, one man' has
failed to solve another man somewhere
has solved, and it is the work of this
organization to search out mining problems ancl their solutions, to classify,'
arrange and.simplify them.' '■'"■■
. Think, what this means—it means
that*, now it is possible for an-y/ man
lo,secun*Ktlie ideas, the schemes, the
very working plans that are/building
W. A. CONNELL 7
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
". Fornio -
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
mining successes everywhere".*
Mines..and Miners -Is1,so well known
to every manager, superintendent' and
coal mining official 'that it is not necessary to make any" explanation of its
merit for their benefit.' • There are
many, however, who aro newcomers
in the country and as they very probably would like to got Ideas' regarding
matters dealing with • the "mining. industry, we can say without fear- of
contradiction that this publication is
the very best of its kind.
We haye made arrangements with
the publishers of this monthly to make
some exceptionally advantageous clubbing offers:
Mines and Minerals one year....$2.50
The "District Ledger one year.... 1.00
Examination Questions for Certlfl-   °
cates of Competency in Mining..3.50
BOYCOTT STRIKE-BREAKERS.
How Niagara. Falls, Merchants. Are
Supporting Brotherhoods.
, NIAGARA FALLS. Ont., Aug. 0.—
That local morchants bollovo In ultl-
mato victory for tho G, T. II. strikers
Is ovldoucod by tho refusal ot mnny
businoss mon to sell goods to strikebreakers, In some storo windows appear signs reading: "Strlko-broakors
not served horo," "No goods sold to
slrlko-bronkors,"
Harbors rofuso , to shavo strlko-
broakors, and In a* majority of tho
hotols thoy will not bo served with
drinks or cigars.
Tho local Y. M, 0, A., whoro tho
strlko-broakors aro housed, Is experiencing troiiblo In securing food tor
tlio mon.
/ $7.00
Comblnatlon'prlce $5.50.
Mines nnd Minerals, for one yoar
12 big 132 page issues, and- Tho
District Lodger for ono yoar, 52
issues, regular   price   for both,,
$3.50,   for .,,...$3,00
Mines and Minerals, ono yoar... .$2.50
The District Lodger ono yoar.... 1,00
Coal md Metal Minors Pocket
book  ,,., 3.00
i's Hotel
RESTAURANT
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Excellent   Table and
all white help ,
Additional Table for
28 More Men   *
ROY A L
HOTEL
NORTHERN
HOTEL
1 "* 1 ■-
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New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
fernie;
Bar Unexcelled
Air White Help
'Everything   •
Up-to-date.
*s.
Call in and _
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
KING'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with tho  best Wines,
Liquors and "Cigars
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
$0.50
According to the volco of Winnipeg
to hand a largo numbor of Socialists
havo socodod from tho Socialist party
of Canada and aro forming a sopnrato
body undor tho titlo of Social Democratic Party claiming as their reason
for so doing that lt was tho Introduction ot a Socialist candidate at tho
last minuto that caused tho dofoat of
tho,labor candldnto wbo polled only
n fow votes Iobb than tho Consorvntlvo
oloctod. "A rose by any othor namo
would smell as swoot," Uioroforo why
object If ono who Is rnoroly, labolod
labor, bnt In roallty Is a lib-Lab Ib deprived of tho pIoasuroB of offlco?
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New Visible Models of the .   „
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That is why these new Remingtons
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sales have broken all records since
the invention ofthe writing machine.
Romington Typewriter Comnany
8(8 Pender St. Vuicautfcr B. 0.
W.MILLS,.
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HOTELFERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading' Commercial
and Tourist Houso
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
JOHN B. WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
, CALGARY, ALTA.
P. O. Box 308
DEPEW, MacDONALD &
McLEAN CO,, Ltd.
■O ■»■■ am-m
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND
CONTRACTORS
VICTORIA AVE,
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s
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WM.     BARTON
Anrent   V«rtila   nrnnoH
**************************
THE BOTTLE THAT'8 ALWAYS
OH08EN,
In preference do othern in the one
whouo label boars our namo wlitcb U
n sunranteo of both purity and quality,
WE DO NOT RETAIL WINE AND
LIQUORS.
but cell them by tho cn-to to fimt claii
hotels, dealer**, clubs, etc.   AsIc for
tbem and yci'll knout why thc bcit
Judges prefer thom.
THE POLLOCK WINE CO. LTD.
Ledger Ads Pay "■_ "   :-_   -•rf-"--- -.
/THS. DJSTRICT: LEDGER, FERNIE/b.C. AJJGUST-.6,,19.10..
PAGE SEVEN
M't ■
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. -;-.:.' - ;\-S ;'.;,' •* •-'-"_ *
Wholes^   Liquor'Dealer ;
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings ;'*
: baker* Avenue
BRANCH, AT  HOSMER,   b!c.
ft.-'
Ii. - -
■_***
I' -
A complete line of samples of '
".*-"-'■■'   ■,.*>'-    "   » ,
Fall Suitings and
Overcoatings
Worsteds. Serges
and Tweeds
' • h - v ji -
Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices;
J: C. KENNY
LE DROIT CRIMINEL.
128.   La Peine de Mort
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ROMA HOTEL
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per day
R, Henderson, Dining Ronm Mgr.
**kkkkkA*kk'k**'k***wk*k****
♦■♦♦
\ Fernie Dairy *
FRESH .MILK
dolivorod' to all
parts of tho town
*-* Mats dans la soclete transformee,
h est possible qu'il y ait encore des
crimes, o Phystologlquement le'type du*
crlmlnel pourra se jpresenter de
nouveau.. Que ferons-nous alors?
Tuerons-nous le crlmlnel? Non, certes!
Celul chez lequel le crime provient de
la folie, nous le soignerons, comme
nous soignons les fous oii les malades,
en.nous- garant de . leurs menaces.
Quant aux homines deveiius crlmlnels
par la fouge du temperament ou
l'ardeur^du sang, 11 leur serait des
maintenant possible de leur proposer
la rehabilitation par l'heroisme. * On
I'a yu cent'fols: ,des galerlens se
jettent dans les flammes ou dans les
eaux poursauver des malheureux et
se sentlr renaitre ainsl dans l'estime
des autres hommes. Les forcats que
la commune de Carthagene rendlt
Ubres et que -la Prance.a refalts
esclaves, ont ete sublimes d'herolsme
pendant leur courte" liberte de quelques mois. Obeissez disalt les chrls-
tianisme, et,*, lo peuple s'est avill.
Enrichissezvous disent les bourgeois
a leurs tils', et ceux-cr cherchent -a
s'erirlchlr de.tdutes.les manleres,.soit
en violant, soit avec plus d'habllete,
en • tournant la loi.", - Devenez des
heros,* disent les socialistes revolu-
tionnalres,' et des brigands "meme
pourront se relever par, l'heroisme. .,
129.   SOCIALISME ET"
CRIMINALITE
* Dans aucune branche du savoir
humain plus que dans ■ la science
crlmlnelle, la. critique socialiste a ete
feconde < de -modifications heureuses.
Ciceron a dit: C'est de la nature de
l'homme que nous devons apprendre
la loi. Lombroso a donne une. forme
definie au cote pathologique de la
criminalite., Su. cette baseK Enrico
Ferri a verse ,1a lumiere feconde du
determinlsme economlque et cree
cette union iritime de la psycheatrie
compares et du droit penal qui a
etabli les p'rincipes ratipnels de la loi
crlmlnelle.- ■ -
La premiere periode du developpe-
ment" de la loi criminelle etait car-
acterisee par Templol de. la torture
comme moyenrd'enquete. .Elle' s'etend
jusqu_u jour de la publication du
traite des delits et des' peines de
Cesare'Beccaria". ^Pour". son ecole,
elassique-et-capitaliste-du-droit-crim**-
Inel, le crime etait le0fait le plus important. Le libre''arbltre etait'admis
et servait de base a la, responsabilite.
La tache prlncipale* du juge etait „de
determiner la nature du crime. La
loi criminelle etait une sorte de.prlx-
eourant de crimes et de> delits avec la
peine correspopdante et la seule tache
du juge etait de' definlr le crime particular sans se tromper et de se reporter ensulte vers son prlx eourant
dans, le but do prononcer tine juste
sentence.
Avec la modification du systeme
economlque vinrent les doutes au sujet de l'efllcaclte" du systeme penal.
Les derniers disciples de la crim-
Inologle classique, ot parmi eux surtout Bentham montrent lo caractero
Illusolro de la punltlon, Ils remar-
quent avec ralson que chaque fols
quo le jugo prononce uno sentence, 11
avouo quo la punltlon proscrlto par la
lor n a" pas ete suHlsnnte pour arrotor
Taction du coupable. L'lnslstance do
Bentham, sur la nccosslto do la prevention etabllt la transition entro
l'ocolo classique capltalisto ot l'ocolo
n/otormlnisto-soclallsfce. Lo determinlsme en matloro, crlminollo n'est
autre chose qu'une sub-division du
dotermlniBme economlquo et. social
c'est a diro Io Soclallsmo,
A la tcto do la nouvollo ocolo so
trouvo l'lllustro Enrico Forrl profoa-
sour a l'unlvorslto do Romo ot loader
do la deputation socialiste a ln chambre Itallenno. S'ila reussi a imposor
aux unlvorsltos du mondo la thcorlo
Boclnlluto do la criminalite co n'est
quo do, l'avonomont au pouvolr politique do la classo ouvrloro organlsoo
quo noun dovons attondro l'inscrlptlon
doo rosultnts do cetto doctrluo dans
la loi rocrlto dos nations clvillsoos. Lo
crlmo ost devenu un. phonomoflo na-
turcl qu'll faut otudlor dana Io crlml-
nol, Ln crimlnallto ost produlto par
Taction ot la reaction mutiiollos dos
conditions nnphropologlquos ot phyal-
quoB au solndii domalno economlquo
ot social. Sa provontlon est possible
pour autant qu'un systomo social np-
proprie peut modifier ses causes
primordiales.
Dans sa partie pratique -et -- constructive la criminologle socialiste declare," en ce qui concerne les-psnalites
qu'elles dolvent etre prononcees apres
une etude approfondle du cas particu*-
Her.juge, que Tabus de peines mlni-
mes pour les moindres. offenses doit'
disparaltre, que les sentences sus-
pendues ou indeterminees sont sou-
vent d'un usage fecond, 'qu'en un
grand nombre de cas hi restitution
sans punltlon' sous la surveillance de
la .collectlvlte doit etre employee comme sanction penale et enfin qu'un
grand nombre do personnes sont au
jourd'hul Internees pour crime dans
des prisons, qui auraicnt dfl etre
soignees dans des establissements de
prevention.
, En dernier lieu mals aussi comme
remede fondamental, le soclallsme se
propose de transformer la soclete
capitaliste en une administration des
ehoses, ou Tactlvite humaine sera
canalisee de facon a permettre "a
chaque , Initiative do se produire tet
de se developper librement dans des
conditions telles qu'elle contrlbuera
pour sa^ part au. progres. general de
la collectlvlto.—H. Langerock, Union
des T., *   ■ -     ''''*.
L'UNION  DES T. CHARLEROI,  PA.
Ailleurs dans' ce numero nous pub-
lions ,uh extrait du> "District Ledger"
de Fernie, au sujet d'un accident
arrive dans une mine de Frank, Alta.
Nos lecteurs pourront voir que la
Justice" (?) et les patrons se ressem"-
blent beaucoup dans tous les pays.
Ainsl voila un pauvre ouvrier "beige,
Decoux qui cause accidentellement la
mort d'un autre ouvrier beige Lobert,
parce que la compagnie, d'apres le
verdict du. jury, neglige les precautions necessaires,,et, pour s'eyiter des
desagrements les officers de la compagnie, les' vrais coupables, font ar-
r-eter, emprisonner et poursuivre Decoux pour meurtre.   <?  j,     ' *'
Quand -'done les ouvriers se deci-
deront-lls.a se debarrasser d'un regime qui les traite' toujours si injuste-
ment? -        .   -
MORAVA:    PRO .,   SAMOSTATNOST
CESKEHO SOCIALNE  DEMO;
KRATICKEHO HNUTI. "-'
1
Sanders _ Verhneit Brother*.
Proprietors
t
TJdalosti moravske o nichz jsme v
minulych—cis+'ech—naseho~ziistu ret-
erovali, dosahly uplyniile nedele sveho
vrchole. Na-konferenci- odborovych
organisaci z cele Moravy bylo jedno-
myslne a za vseobechnehq nadseni
usneseno, pociti ihned s budovanim
8amostatnych odborovych, organisacl,
resp, ku '-zakladani skupin ceskych
svazu autonomnlch. Pro ' Moravu
zrize'na zemska odborova komlse,
ktera jako soucastka odboroye komlse
prazske bude zcela samostatne, ob-
staravati potreby ceskeno odboroveho
hnuti na Moravo,
' Takove jsou konce sporu nejen o
formu' odborovych organisacl, ale I o
samostatnost cele nasi strany a jlnam
take se dojltl nemohlo. Charakterls-
tlckym*je, ze pravo .Morava je to,
ktora prvni od slov prlchazl k clnura,
ac drive vzdyclty tahla ' s -Vldnl a
dolala berana proti cesky dolnlkum z
Cocb. Kdyz v roco, 1896 na sjezdu
odborovych organisacl vo Vldnl, byly
zamitnuty pozadavky ceskych delnlku,
aby odbor. komlse byla slozena die
pomoru ally Jodnotlivycli nnrodnostl
a aby vedlo noraeckelio byl zrlzen
cesky sokretarlat a kdyz v dusledclch
toho utvorono bylo samostatne cesko-
slo vansko odborove sdruzenl, byla to
Morava, ktora zaehovala uplnou pas-
slvltu n pozdoji prldnla so lc Vldnl.
Za to mola nynl nojlopsl prllozltost
presvodlct so o blabodarnostl "vlden
koho contrallsmu a prave proto jo
toko Jojl odppr tak prudky a roz-
hodny.
Pro vyvoj coBkobo bnutl delnlckoho
budo rozhodnutl Moravy miti nnslodku
dalokosablych a dio nnBoho nnzoru
hejvys proBposnych. Nojon, zo rozbo-
dnutlm moravBlto konforonco prlbllzlll
jsmo bo o znncny kus bllzo, ku kono-
cnomu rozresonl sporu o formu odbor.
organisacl, abychom opotno mohll
prncovotl dnlo, nlo nodolnl.konforonco
Jo tako noJvotBlm projovom pro Jed-
iiotnost hnuti voskobo coskoho delnictva, Jakobo jnmo kdy byli svodky.
To poklndamo za okolnost velml
dulozltou, Podarl-11 ho nam ajcdnotlt
veBkoro dolnlctvo v Jodnotnycb n
anmoBtatnych orgfinjunco Jlcbz by pak
tvorily v eelku'eeskou socialne demo-
kratlckou stranii,' pak-je zde Yyplnen
jeden z. ukolu, ktery bude mit sveho
vyznamu nejeu pokud jde o hospodar-
skou stranku uspechu1 pro delnictvo
dosazitelnych, ale budou take-polozeny
zaklady ku resent onoho tezkeho
problemu jaky v- Rakousku tvori
otazka narodnostnl vubec. Pakll v
programu socialne .de'mokratlcke
strany spravne , vyslovujeme se pro
samostatnost narodu, pak sme povinni
take do dusledku tento dodrzovati a
hajltl. Proto. ' usnesenl'' konference
moravske vitame v torn presvedcenl,
zo ve nem spoclvajl jedine spravne
cesty na nlchz die sll svych' a schop-
nostl muzeme se uplatnitl.
* * '
Konference navstivena byla 150
delegatyi'kteri zastupovall 112 skupin.
Vedle toho bylo pritomno 50 duverni-
ku skupin jichz predstavenstva bez
vedomi clenu obeslali konferencl centralism svolanou na tyz den. V konferencl byli pritomnl dale rissti pos-
lanci soudr. Nemec a Jaros, dale
soiidr. Tayerle, redaktor, " Zajmu
kovodelniku" a soudr. Pltak zastupce
ceskeho „Svazu delniku pomocnych.
Dale pritomnl rlssky poslanec Prokes
a redaktor! "Hlasu Lidu" soudruh
Bechyne. K programu promiuvil soudr
Nemec, jemuz dostalo se bourliveho
uvitani ,a zemsky poslanec'.' soudr.
Vanek. Vyvo'dy jejich, jez osvetlily
prlciny, ktere ku konferencl ■ vedly a
vrchollly "v uplnem osamotneni' se
ceskeho hnuti" delrilckeho, byly opetne
prerusovany projeyy • souhlasu.
Jednohlasne byla pak prijata nasle-
dujlci Tesoluce: '    ,, ,
Zemska odborova - konference "' na
Morave, prlhlizejic k usnesenl zatupi-
telstva strany ceskoslovanskl o jedno-
tnem postupu orpanisaci odborovych s
politickyml za povzneseni zivotni
urovne ceskeho delnictva a vedeni
jeho mzdovych a politickych boju,
prohlasuje.ze v teto vzajemne soucin-
nosti spatruje jedinou moznost plniti
p'rikazy socialisticke* Internationaly.
1 Trvame na jednotnych samostatnych
organisacich ceskych, jejichz vrcho-
lnou insituci jest-Odborove sdruzeni
ceskoslovanske a "jeho sjezdy jako
soucast tridniho' delnickeho. hnuti
ceskeho, jez neochvejne* postupuje
solidarne s. delnictvem mezinarodne
sorganisovanym * na-.vitezstvi socialni
demokracie.
Dosa'vadni' centralni' rakouske . organisace, pokud pbskytuji ceskemu
clenstvu-fSamospravu—v-ymezenou—pozadavky Odborove sdruzeni ze dne 15.
rijna 1905, uzna .vame za stejne cenne
a rovnopravne..     *.,
Konference moravskych odborovych
organisacl usnasi se na zrizeni, Mc-
ravskeho odboroveho^ sdruzeni jako
zemske -komlsei ktera 'bude tvorltl
soucastku Ceskoslovanskeho Odboroveho Sdruzeni.    "
Moravske * odborove. * sdruzeni
chceme, aby se .stalo stredlskem a
ohniskem odborove prace mezi ceskym
proletariatem'na Morave.
Konferenc'e zvoli 12 soudruhu jako
deny moravskeho odboroveho sdruzeni.
Konecnou upravu popieru meal
Ceskqslovanskym Odborovym Sdruze-
nlm v* Prazo a Moravskym odborovym sdruzenlm ponechayame pristlniu
rlsskemu sjezdu ceskych., odborovych
skupin n spolku.
Pak referoval k bodu/flTIsk" soudr.
Tusar,   ktery     zejmena   nabada   k
odberu     ..Rovnostl"     jiz     sekrotarl
vyhlaBill bojkot a prikroceno ku volbo
odborove   komlpo,   nacoz , vyznamna
konforonco tato skoncona.
*  *
Tyz den konana byla v Brno konforonco contralistu svolann braonskou
.iflllalkou  vldonBko  odborovo  komlse.
Nn konferencl toto zastoupenl byli na
utraty    contralnlch    svazu    zaatupcl
skupin' inojon z Moravy, alo I ninozl
Occh a Dol. Rakous,   Roforovall zdo
soudr.  Jura sokrotar vldonBko komluo
z Brna a   soudr.     Stoln   v   Vldno.
Prijata byla reaoluco v nlz trva bo
na contralnlch organisacich a odsuzjo
so zakladanl tak zv. „Boporatlstlckycb"
(roz.   samoBtatnych)   odborovych organisacl.   Dale usnasono bylo vyda-
vatl protl donniku ..IlovnoBtl" vzlastni
list, v  nomz by jednnnl contrnllfltu
bylo obhnjovnno,  List tento prlrozono
budo vydavan   za   ponlzo   svazu   a
vldonBko odborovo komlso, ktera con-
trallfitum Hllblla moralnl 1 mntorlolnl
pomoc.  JBmo prosvcdcenl, zo polovlna
onocb Boudruhii, Ictorl na konferencl
toto byli zaBtupovanl sotva a uclno-
nyml nn nl uunoBonlml aoulilnslll.
Another difficulty lies in the manufacture In respect to first cost, design, and upkeep.
The general properties of phosphor
bronze are such as to <-make it practically the best material .for this class
of machinery. Phosphor bronze is
costly as raw material, costly to manufacture, and as a consequence detrimental when considering the cost of
upkeep of the machinery'.]. To reduce
this cost it has been suggested that
the worm should consist of two parts,
first the worm of a hollow cylinder
form, and a body to key to the shaft
of some cheaper' material, . so that'
when breakage ,of the worm .threads
or wear necessitates a new worm the
worm proper may be removed, and a
new one fitted on the old body. This
gives rise to another difficulty, that
is, the difference of the coefficient of
expansion of the two different metals
may cause the keying of the worm to
the body to become loose with its
attendant dangers, so that it seems
probable that the most likely design
will be that of a solid homogeneous
nature respecting design. The above
throws, I"think, sufficient light upon
It to enable us to see what the difficulties are - in  this  direction.
Respecting upkeep, this is also a difficult matter to contend with. Replacement as shown above Is not only
costly, but troublesome, and In this
particular we must also recognize the
fact.that lubrication costs money, and
to obtain the best results lubrication
must'be of the most liberal quantity
and/constant in application. The
friction set up by the contact of the
worm and wheel is also great, inasmuch as it is sliding in nature and
operates through a much greater distance than that of spur gears, so we
have a greater area in contact with
great friction set up compared with
that of spur gears.
Its advantages compared with spur
gears are:-     _/ *       •
Convenience.—Tbe room required to
accommodate worm gears is much less
than that required for spur gears for
the same reduction of ."speed.
A train of wheels is not required,
which by reason of the amount" of
friction set up may in. some cases
amount to . that resulting from the
worm and wheel, along with the possible agreement, of^first cost in both
"eases": T_^e7o51F"^^tlie~advantages
that may be expected*"from.the substitution of worm for spur gears, but
at a cost which experience only can
show. '    „    '
■ My belief Is that for all-around practice, taking everything Into'consideration, for speed reduction, the chief
methods are: (1 Spur gears; (2)
worm; (3) morse chain.
. Concerning reliability, efficiency
and simplicity, not to mention first
cost or safety, the latter or "Morse
Chain" drive is much to be preferred.
But tbat Is another question.—Science
nnd Art of Mining.
THE
CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000     Reserve, $6,000,000
. DRAFTS On  FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Arrangements hove recently been completed under which the branches
of this Bank are able to Issue Drafts on the principal points
In the following countries:
Austria-Hungary   Finland Ireland
Belgium Formosa l*ely
Bra ril France Japan
Bulgaria Fr'ch Cochin-China Java
Ceylon , . - Germany Manchuria
China -  Great Britain Mexico
Crete    ' '  Greece Norway
Denmark 'Holland   . Persia
Egypt Iceland Phillipine Inlands
: Faroe Island* India Roumania
NO  DELAY  IN   IB8UINQ.
FULL PARTICULARS
L. A. 8.  DACK,
Russia
Servia
Siam
South Africa
Straits Settlements
Sweden   '
Switzerland
Turkey
West Indies      .. rn -
and elsewhere
ON  A. PUCATIOH
Manager, Fernie.
Do you save?
A time will come when jour financial resources will be' strained to
meet some unexpected demand. Will
you have' to suffer for the consequences, or will you be in a position
to turn to'your bank account for aid?
Deposit your savings in the Bank
o£ Hamilton now, and when' tbe day
of emergency comes you will be prepared.
J. R. LAWRY, Agent
FERNIE
HEAD OFFICE
HAMILTON
Lloyd's report shows that ship
building Is on tho lncreaso in Great
Britain. Anothor evidence that tho
country is going to ruin under the
Ijloyd-Georgo budget.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed
$5,575,000
Capital" .--ft Op. $5,330,000.00    Reserve Fund     $5,330,000
D. R. WILKIE, President '"     HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and0Victorla.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
List of Locals District 18
Corroctod by District Socrotary up to Mny 1st, 1010,
APPLICATION FOR A LICENSE
UNDER THE GOAL
MINES' AGT
Notico Is horoby given that 30 days
after date, I, John Pigeon, intend to
apply to tho Hon. Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works for a license to
prospect for conl nnd petroleum on
tlio following described lands: Commonclng at a post planted tbreo mlloH
nnd fifty chnlns South, and East one
milo from the S. 13, cornor of lot 8303.
being thirty chains North of tho 13va
Joss, S. R., cornor post, thonco nighty
chains East, thenco olghty chnlnn
South, thonco eighty chains West,
thenco eighty chnlns North to placo
of commencement containing (140 acres
moro or loss, locatod thlH SElth day of
Juno, 1010.
JOHN PIGEON, Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Anderson, WltnoBB,
of Canada
Head 8 King St.
TORONTO
Office West
The Homo Hank will carry an account In tlio names of two or moro
porsons. ench hnvlng the privilege of withdrawing or depositing monoy
over tbelr own signatures.
Theso are termed "Joint Accounts" nnd aro n great convenience when
ono person does not find It handy to go to the bank personally nt all
tlmoB, as for lnstnnce n trnvollng man who may bo away from tho city
ovor a week ond, or a farmer who Is too busy to leave his work—In such
cases tbo wlfo, Ron or daughter may bo n party to tho Joint Account
and transact tho necessary banking business.
In case of tbo death of ono of ths parties to the Joint Account tho
balanco remaining to tho credit of tho nccount with  tho Homo Bunk  Ib
payablo to tbo other participants on demand, nnd without delay.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager Fornie, Branch,
GEARING.
eo veAita*
UXPERIBNGB
anrmawnainj
•uir ■uo-HUir
rav-MUlon I» prof
i*nt ft**. tfl&**t
Tmdc Manns
Dmioni
CowrwaHYiAc
• ■Web tndaaeerttUtm m»T
onr oplnton neeJ'MU'-w, •?
_wJ*J__3_U*gJfti
" I'aUOM UUtt tf *r?u«l» (tuntt * W. n-Mll
«MfM tutu*, vlUKMit «U««, In t£l
sciwfif R mmm*
ifjuir -KM
iVfa'fMi,
m
■l-r UlMtmUKl wtuUf.
r mumum loam*].
—"ifMUi-t V**Q*
_je»t«     .
Ledger Ads Pay
NO.
, 20
481
431
2103
049
1378
tin ,
2227
2378
270
2877
£kt£
1320
2388
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1263
2407
1058
28&0
r,74
1283
2820
2334
333
-3IS2
2SS&
21SS
10)
1.&9
NAME
Unnkbood
Honvor Crook
llollOVUf*.
lllalrmoro
IlurmiB
Canmoro
Coal City
Cokaiaii
Carbondalo
Cardirr
Cnrdlff
Corbin
ui*Ui_iiA Cit'j
Edmonton        ,
Edmonton
Pernio
Frnnk
Hoamor
Hlllcrost ■
Kunmnro
Lcthbrldgo
Lille
M-aple Leaf
Michel
Polico FUta
Paathurg
Roynl ColIlerfM
BU-itlku-.ua
T»b*r
Tabor
SEC. AND P. O. ADDRESS
F, Whentley, Ilnnkboml, Altn.
N. MoDonnolI, llonvor Crook, via Plnclior
J, llurko, llolli'Viio, Prank, Altn.
James Turnbull, Hlnlrmoro, Altn,
Wm, AHhton, lIurmlH, Alta.
J, Noll, Canmoro, Altn.
T, Uornloy, Conl City Tnbor, Altn.
W, iiruluun, Coleman, AItu,
O. M. UavlOB, Carboudnlo, Colomnn, Alta,
J. Aplln, Cardiff, Altn.
P, K, St. Amnnt, Cardiff, Altn,
Jno, Davis, Corbin, 13, C.
VjtiO. IMjIihbli, liiiil'lOVni *Cuy, U;UU>niU{0,
■' Richard Thompson, Frftwr I*"IntH, Kdmonton
M. llonlc, 434 Lorno St. Norwood, Kdmonton
D. TteoB. Pornlo H. C.
O. Nicol, Prank, AHn.
J, Ayro, lloamer, II. 0,
3. O. Jonea, Hlllcront, Altft.
R. Evans, Kcnmnro, N. D.
L. Moore, P. O. 113. Lothbrlduo, Altn
W. L. Evana, Lillo, Prank, Alta.
M.   Olldny, Mnplo Loiif. nollovuo, Altn.     '
M. fflrrcH, Michel. II. C.
Nell Duncan, Paiiburg, Bellevue, Alta.
Oaear Carlaon, Paaiburx, Alta.
Chaa. Smith, Royal Coll., Uthbrldne, Alta.
A. Shaw, Btifttbtoiia, Altsk.
Wm. Ruaaell, Taber, Alta.
K. Drown Taber, All*.
By George Cook.
Worm-KOiirlnK iih n speed roducltiK
nRont bna boon tried, nnd In aomo
ciihoh been found wnntliiK* In others
fairly witlnfnctory. Compared wllh
Rpiir-HonrlnK, ki>nornlly HpoakliiBj1 It
bna tho following dlandvnntaoa;
UnlesH duplicate noun*, I. ,*., two
worniH on one Hhnft, with tbo two
pitches in opposite directions nnd
onch cairyliiK Ha*own sbnro of tho
totnl lend, nre usod, it Is nocoHnnry
to lo.iix.do a ilitUK). IiImU, tiJi It nlll
bo apparent from n momentiiry con-
ablorntlon tbnt In rotntlnic tbo worm
will Ret tip a powerful lino of forco
pnrnllol to the nxlR of tho abaft (worm
RlmfiV This Ik rpnuimd to he balanced, but whatever moan a may bo
omployod friction la aot up. nnd tho
dci?reo of Niicreaa attending tho
method adopted Influence* tho efficiency of tbo whole plant ronaldor-
ably.
Vnrloua dovlcea havo beon auwioBt'
ed lo reduce this inovltnblo friction,
auch ns roller bcarln^a and hydraulic
bearlnRs, In which tbo end of the
ahaft acta llko a piston or plunger
In a bfti»fl. which contalna water, tho
end of the ahaft, which thereby com-
pretaca tho water. Thus Inatead of
tolld friction we are deallnn with
fluid friction only, whicli la considerably leas nlODJt wltb tho friction iet
-up by the water packlnaj In addition
to tho former frlctloa.
Notico Is horoby Riven thnt I, Minn
Jorb, thirty dnyH nftor dato Intend to
apply to tbo Hon, Chlof CommlflHloner
of Lnndfl and Worka for n IIcoiiho to
proapoel for conl nnd potroloum on tho
followliiR doHcrlhod InndH: Common-
cIiik nt ft poHt planted at tho north-
woat cornor of Mm John Pigeon claim,
thonce North nlnlity clinlna, thenco
10ant olght chnliiH, thenco South nl«)ity
chnliiH, thonco Went eighty chnlnH to
plnco of cniiiiiHiifomi'iit. cnntnlnliiK
fllfl ncroH moro or Jobh. Locntod thla
2r*Ui dny nf .limn, 1010.
MINN JOSS, Lncntor.
ANDY HOOD, Awcnt.
John Anilonion, Wltnnfla,
moncemont, contalnlnK C40 aereH moro
or Iobb,    I-ocntod this 2Bth  day of
Juno, 1010.
ELLEN HALEY, Locator,
ANDY dOOD, ARont.
John Andorflon, WltnoHH.
Notico Is hereby given that thirty
dnya nftor data j, Hortlort J*ja«, Intond
iu   u(*j/i>    iu   iin-   iii*.i.   x'.n'ii.t   Cumin,tr
ulnner nf l.nndn nnd Workw fnr n
licnnan to proapoct for conl nnd potroloum on the following dnacrlbfid
lnnds: rnmm'->nrlng nt a pont plnntod
eighty rhnltiH North and eighty chains
East of the northweat corner of tho
Minn .Io»« clnlm, thdice North eighty
rbHlna, tbcncii NVr-m i-lgtity cbnlna,
thenco South eighty chnlns, thonco
Eriat eighty ebnlna to place of commencement, containing CIO ncrca more
or loan. Locntr-d thla 25tli day of
Juno, 1010.
HEUIIEUT JOSH, lncntor.
ANDY OOOD, Agent.
John Anderwin, Wltni-aa,
Nntl*1-'' Is herebv Riven tbnt Iblrtv
d»y» after date I, Ellen Haley, Intend
to apply to tbo Hon. Chief Commla-
aloner of Ijinda and Worka for n
ilcense to proapect for coal and petroleum on the following described
lands: Commonclng at a poat planted
at "be aoutheaat -corner*-of the Herb
Jam*, dadu, tltcaco etmhty cUu.hu
Wont, thr-nce eighty cbatna Houth,
thencn eighty ehalna Raat, thonce
eighty ehalna North to placa of com-
Notico Ih hereby glvon thnt thirty
<lnyn nftor date I, Frank Haley, Intend
to npply to tho Hon. Chief Connnla-
winner of LnndH nud WorkH for a
HcntiHO to proapect for conl nnd petroleum on the followliifi doHf-rlhr-d
InndH: Commencing at a po«t planti-d
nt the iiortbciiHt corner of tho Ellmi
Hab-y claim, Ihencu South Hf-hly
cIiiiIiih, thenco EiihI • olghty chnlns,
thencn Norlh nlglily cIiiiIiih, ibciico
WiiHt, eighty cIiiiIiih to placo of emu-
meni'emnnt, coiitnlnlng (110 ncrcw ninn**
or Icbh. located iIiIh *i.rith dny of
June, Hi 10,
FRANK HALEY. Locator.
ANDY HOOD. Agent,
John Andci-Hon, Wll whh.
" V-illi---" Ik' hnroliv"plvi»i*i"'tbn~ilTlriv
dnya after dato I, Agnoa  AnderHon,
iil'<.'iii*l   ill   rijiiiJj      l,t     <l„;   lino,   i'.li'ii'.i
('nnimlHHloner of Lnndi* und Worka for
n IIcoiiho to proHpcct for conl >iud jic-
lioli.'iiiu on Um following ilusoiilx'il
IuihIh: Coiniiiciiuliig at a poHt plaiited
nt tbe nortInvent corner'nf the Frank
'»»*-'   V     .* '- *■ ■       '!, ■ -, .V';- '■'.'      ' ■'■,'?.' '*'
ehalna, tlienco ICjihI eighty chnlni*.
thence South eighty rbnlim, Ibctice
Went eighty chalim to plmn of com-
menceniont, containing <H0 acres more
or IfiHH, located thlH 2ritb day of
June, H*10,
AONES ANDERSON, 1-ncntor.
ANDY OOOD, Ak» I,*.
John Anderson, Wltn«-aa.
thonco Soulh eighty chains, thonco
Went flighty chnliiH tn place of commencement, containing CIO ncres moro
or ieHH. Located thlH 2!ith day of
Juno, 1910.
THOMAS ANDERSON, Locator.
ANDY (100D, Agent.
John Andei'Hon, WltnoHH,
Notice Ih hereby given Ihnt thirty
days nfier dnto I, Adnni Andoraon,
Ininiid to npply to tho Hon, (Milef
ComiiilBHloner of I.iiniIh nnd WorkH for
n IIcciihii to proHpi'i't for conl nud po-
troiniiin ou Um following doacrlbed
IuihIh: (.'oiiiini'iii'liig nt a |i"«t- planted
nl tlm HoiillWHt cornor of the ThomiiH
Andei'HOii claim thniicii Snillli idgllty
cIiiiIiih, thence EiihI eighty cbaliiH,
Mii'iice Ninth eighty clinlna, tlioncc
WohI eighty cIiiiIiih to place of com-
inencemeni, I'oninltiliig C40 arroH more
or biBH. Locnl ed thin 'iiiih day of
Juno   11)10,
ADAM ANDERSON, Uicntor,
ANDY OOOD, Agont.
John Anderson, WUiiuhh.
Notlci Ih hereby given tlmt thirty
dnyst nfter dnte I, William Mo-xVohlne,
Intend to npply to the Hon. Chief
CommlHHloiinr of LnndH niul WoiI-h fo**]
n ll«vn«i*» in nrnfmeri for i-nvil niul ni"
irok'iim on the following doM-ribed
IiiihIh: Commencltig nt n post pbuitid
at nr nbout 200 feet North of tho
norlliwuHl coiner of lot I BUS, thenco
North eighty cIiiiIiih, thenco Em.
eighty cbaliiH, tlicuc-o South eight*;
cbalng, thonce Weat eighty chnlns to
pine, of commencement,, located Dili
:j7ih day of June, HHO.
WILLIAM M'KECHINE, Locator.
ANDY OOOD. Ag-Hit-
Jnhn Andoraon, Wltneaa.
Notice la hereby given tb.it thirty
daya after date I, Thomn* Anderaon.;. .^.^ _,,       ?_„- - •.-•j.'j^s
Intend to apply to the Hon. Chief Com-1 ""
mlaaloncr of Unda *M Work* for a FOR THE MINTO CUP.
lirenae lo proapect for coal and pe-     T))ft jfaMonaJa of Montreal, wlnnert
iroleum on   the   followlnn dwrlbrt. ,    th„ K h  n nr„ rnm-n>r w„, fn
\uxda:  Comwcnduii itt a poat pUuUd
at Mutb«aat comer   of   th«   Aguea
Andcraon claliii, thonce North eighty
ehalna, thence   Eaal   eighty ehalna,
September lo have   a
"flalmon   Relllea" for
silverware.
try with tbo
tbo    foveled ',*.- -.._-*
7_
PAGE EIGHT
THE  DI8TRICT7LEDGER,  FERNIE,   B. C, AUGUST 6, t910.
LOCAL ITEMS
W. B. Powell has been confined to
bis rooni at the Waldorf during: the
present week and under the doctor's
care.
The baby boy of Mr .and Mrs. A.
Pizzocolo died on Thursday and great
sympathy is felt for the bereaved
parents.
"' Mrs. Harry Bugbce was a visitor
from Hosmer to her friends in Fernie
and was tbe guest of Mrs, H.
Gregory.
The Civilian Rifle "Corps and lho
Kootenay Rifle Association will bold
their annual joii.it meeting in the office of Lawe & Fisher, Imperial
Bank Block, on Tuesday next at 8
o'clock, when it is hoped there, will
be a full attendance.
Tom Burbick from Nevada, the
state made famous by containing the
town of Reno within its borders where
the fight mill took place and the divorce mill grinds on continuously, is
in town on a visit to his friend, Leslie
Mills'of the Waldorf.
Although they had decided to take
tlieir honeymoon in , an automobile
there are two local lights, Yorky and
Teddy, this week who eua'cked themselves from the brink of double
blessedness and two blushing young
damsels will havo to fish in other
waters.
Jep Scott, who made a host of
friends while in town, having ' disposed of his business to Messrs.
McConkey ancl Ford, left this week to
look after "Ills lead mining, interests
in Idaho from which it is hoped he
will extract both gold and silver
with an occasional greenback or two,
A copy of the Siavok Canadic has
fallen into our hands and* no doubt
will fill a long felt want among those
to whom it is. intended to supply-
news. We notice' that it is lacking
the union label, but possibly owing
to the reported faulty mail service this
has been lost between New Michel
"and Coleman.
*■* Reports from Europe state that an
uprising is momentarily expected
there and Don Jaime has threatened
to raise aloft the standard of the
Carlists. This would be an excellent
opportunity for Joseph Martin and
Colonel Denison to "insurge" where
tlieir peculiar talents would not lack
an appreciative audience..
Miss Kidcl, who liafe for some, timo
past officiated as a matron at die
hospital, has left for Vancouver, where
it is believed she will assume similar
duties before many moons go by, but
not In a hospital. We are not quite
sure of the name of the other, partner
to be but the initial does not come
after Z, but comes after "T."
Tom B.-Howden, the light juice dispenser, is opening up business on the
"lGthTuid-will-occupy-- part of7_ndy~
Hamilton's shop on Pellatt' avenue.
He will make a specialty of electric
signs and if you believe in signs, call
upon Mr. I-Iowdcn and he will furnish
Mrs. P.. Hughes is recovering and
was able to sit up for a short time
this week."
. Miss Hamilton of Stratford, Ont.*, is
in the city on a visit to her brother,
A. T. .Hamilton.' . .
* G. Bruce Brown;* after,a few years'
absence, is back to town and is engaged with\J. D. Quail.
Fred Adolph, of the Adolph Lumber, company, has been a visitor during tho week in town.
Miss Euler has returned from a
.month's trip to Vancouver and Seattle
on business and pleasure combined."
The case of Joseph Evans for injuries received while at work in No. 1
of the Michel colliery, was* satisfactorily settled out of court 011 Wednesday in Fernie.
-Now that the bandstand has been
centrally .located the citizens may
have an opportunity of listening to
the band play some selections before
the summer is oyer.
G. N, Gilchrist of Nelson/one of
the general superintendents of the
Singer Sewing Machine company for
the province of British Columbia is
on a business visit to the local representative, Mr. William Barton.
The annual picnic, of the Methodist
Sunday school will take place next
Tuesday afternoon at the new City
Park. Children's refreshments will be
provided freo, adults to be charged
<25 cents.    _
Mr. Maurice "Burrell; the secretary
of Michel local of the U. M. W. A.,
has signified his intention to resign
his position, consequently we may expect an election caused by this
vacancy to take place shortly. *
, L. A! S. .Dack, manager - of the
local ■ branch of the Canadian Bank
of Commerce is building a fine residence on McPherson avenue, the excavation for which is well under way
and the contract for construction let
to A. McLean.
Charles Gerioux, who inflicted
serious bodily injuries upon Z. Kerr,
a bookkeeper at a local lumber camp,
was also brought up in tho Provincial
Court and comes up for trial today
(Friday) before Judge P. E. Wilson at
the Session of the County Court.
We are pleased to be able to report that the tickets for the benefit
of enabling Mrs. Harry Kingwood to
purchase an artificial limb are being
quite freely bought. The drawing will
take place at the Miners' Union Hall
on Monday,* the 22nd of August, and
the announcement' of who is the
lucky one to get the horse will be
published in the- District Ledger of
August 25th.
, A copy of the regulations * under
the Game Act for the open-and closed
seasons during 1910 has been received and we notice the following
that affects  this - locality.
Grouse of all kinds in the Fernie
and Cranbrook electoral districts may
be*. shot= only durin**** the mouth of=
October, prairie chicken may be shot
throughout the" province during the
month of October; deer may be shot
throughout the mainland of the province between September lst and December   15th,   both   days   inclusive
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
I Letters To
* . ■ ..  - •    -- " ■ ■■ - '■'.
|.       The Editor ■ +
*.****if********************
-The editor is   not   responsible for
articles that are sent. in.  - *
Vi*
'S N EST TRADI N<5 CO
Thd Stbre bf Good Values
Limited
same.    For   further   "light"   on   the
subject see'his advertisement on page I ^ ££' Rnd'"snlpe' may" be7old
throughout- the  province  during  the
eight.
.We have just received a copy of
an old favorite with a now name.
Man to Man is tho title of the former
Westward Ho, .and if the quality of
this number, is an index of its future
copies we bespeak for it a cordial reception, and as a consequence, the
greatest desideratum of tho publisher,
a greatly increased circulation with
its concomitant of more funds.
Mr. Andrew Baxter, whose offoris
in the formation of classes to teach
tho various subjects incident to coal
mining who iuul met with considerable success, lias beon ill for some
tlmo past and in addition thereto
haR had sickness In tho fnmlly. He
Is now recovered sufficiently to again
undertake his labors. At prosont he
is in town, whero lie hopes to meet
all Interested in tho work,
The bravery of somo Individuals
is certainly worthy of the highest com-
■eiulntion and surely la entitled to
receive duo recognition, What mental
Ingenuity It must lmvo demanded to
suggest to 11 child, and a girl of
tondor yoara too, thnt she play a
prank on another which tho miggoHtor
lilniKe.ll' should hnvo felt called upon
to frown down upon If lio did his
duty.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Dickon and
Mr. and Mrs. T. 0. OrnyHlono.brolber
nnd brnlher-lii'lnw rr-Hpneilvely of
our townsman, Win, Dickon, landed in
Fornio on WodnoHdny morning with
to intention of staying in our midst
TIiIh pnrty woro on the Laurent In
and mnde tho trip ncrosn tho Atlantic
lu mich rapid timet that only eleven
dnya have olapaetl nlnco thoy left tho
homo town In Siindoi'Iniul,  England
Joaoph Mnrlin clnlmH that In (Irenl
llrltnln thorn Ih no graft. Wonder If
ho nvor heard that "Opportunity
makcH tlie thief"? There Ih no more
bind grubbing or any oxtent pohhIIiIii
Hiinply becaiiKo ll wiih grubbed long
ago; railway HlonlH are not prncllc-
able bccniiHo there arc ho many divergent intereMiH nnd on the plan of
"a thief to ditch a thief" a deal could
hardly bo r-onsiiminntoil with the anim*
faclllty that ohtniiiH on (IiIh continent,
Our frlond of tbo Mlchol Roporter
,.f ffirti   It,   II, r*   t^,.-* tt.'O'.'^V   foy   M,,"*   *ri''*.r>'{*,»
Mountain eoiiMlliuMiev iih Obarlev
O'llrino; wonder If It Ih hocatiHi. it
loavoH a bracklHb tanto in tho mouth
of bl« opponent wbni be hns peppered
tbelli with oratory. .Maybe he Is beginning to lofil- upon lilm an one of
*...--    ..v.*.   *,,.        ,*-....   *,..    \...\,    ......   .,.,«,', titx.V.V,
uh brlno Ih useful for pickling purposes Chnrlos will do tIiIb to uomo
nf tho gentlemen nt Edmonton nn nnuo
uh the next hotiiiu convenoa,
Hundny evening word waH received
by the city pollrn that Albln Wrick-
h_i li;ul bciii drowned at D.'iE-uhV ".l»,
Wimh., and Inqulrlea. wero made t»'
hi.-, icliiilu'ii. The unfortunate yi .,,..
mnn la 17 yoara of ago and .hi
Fernio to work for n lumber company nt tbe place named 10 wceka
ago. He ban three brothers and two
Hlatoni roHldlng in town. Oacar, tbe
-nMest, left on Tueaduy morning for
U.u \*iww oi th«- arid UUltVy. Ho
>  waa a native of Kalat, Finland.
months of October    and    November
only.
We are ih receipt of a communion-
tion from C. O. Deinaurez enclosing
a clipping from "The Arugs" of
Black Diamond, Contra Costa County,
California, in which this marvelous
propeller is described at length and
comparison mado with a man on a
raft pouring water out of one bucket
into another or expecting to move
forward by pulling tho skirts of a
coat, No doubt, many of thoso who
havo purchased stock in Fornio,
Michel, Cranbrook and other places
will bo plcnsed to learn of lho whereabouts of C 0. D. and looked forward wltli varying dogreos of pleasure to tho possibility of a realization
of the hopes ho entertains of Ils ultl-
mnto success,
BUSINESS LOCALS
WANTED CARPENTERS — Good
carpenters wanted nt Hillcrest Mine**,
Altn, Apply W, D. Maclean. $4..i0
por day; 0 hours. ltp
Ono or two furnlBhed rooms, Apply
Lodger Office,'   V. A. 52 3t
Picture framing done neatly and
cheap nt tbo Trites-Wood Co.
It's up to you, We aro hero to Havo
you monoy in furnituro and stoves,
The Trltos-Wood Co,
Cottngu for rout, Low rent, CIoho
to MethodlHl. eliurcli. Apply to W.
Iliinnnblo, r>2 3t
Small aback for rent furnished or
furnituro for biiIo cheap, Apply to
Oeorgo Luxton. '   np5i
FOR SALE—IinndRomo now piano;
rich lono, high grade walnut flnlah.
ViMi cash.   A Hiinp.   Apply Box IOC,
1— np,
Small houso of ftirnlliiro for salo,
Suit couple, Very renannnblo. Apply
II. M. Wnnt Fornio. p
FOR SALE—Furnished bonrdlng
bonne, Proporty known na tho QUI
Hoarding House, Apply Rohh & Lane,
bnirlHlerH.
Tlio Files nro coming. Get your
acreeii doors, window ficrooiia nnd ro-
frlgerntorH at tho Trltoa-Wood Company.    Tli'*.' cheapest In thn city,
Hrmor. for Sfito with ? IiM-h b\\Vovi
Fernio; ft roomed Iiouho, water. Enquire of 10. Harper, McIMiv'-Bon avonuo,
Slnnn-nuployiin Shorthand can bo
taught In 12 I0HH011H.    Send for sped-
,..1,.   t/.,,...,,   I ,1   *TM,^ w.»t ,*   *p../i,1n1,n *t»    T    C!
D.D.M. Frank, Altn.
TO RENT—FurnlHbed roonm to
rcHpectnbli', quiet people.- Modorn
lioiiHe; centrally located. Apply to
Mrs, W. Hunnnblu, nenr Methodist
church,
LlHteri, wo cnn nave you from $20,i'Q
"o $2!» on n Hewing mnchlno, and give
n iho beat, "The Standard," the ma-
■ .dno that boa them nil bent, and then
some.     Thc Trites-Wood Oo.
Wanted: llouuc denning or day labor of ony kind. Mother of flvo children and widow of member of U. M. W.
A. l_.s--.vu wotd with R. I*. Jun«, Uox
85.
To the Editor of the District Ledger:
Dear Sir—I would like a little
space in your valuable paper to say
a few words re the Fernie Fire Relief Fund. -
What .strikes me as the*'most peculiar part of the affair is the diversity of opinions that are put forward
as to what should and what should
not be done. From the commence-'
ment there* have been "all kinds of
meetings, executive committees, general committees, sub-committees, mass
meeting, indignation meeting and
meeting called by separate factions'
and all of them believing tbey were
going to do some good, still we are
as far from reaching a satisfactory
conclusion as ever. To my mind,
and I should venture to say to the
mind of any man who wished for
peace and an early wlndup of the
fund, the meeting held ln , Bruce's
Hall some timo ago, which was well
advertised, with J7D. Harrington in
the chair. Amongst others who took
active part In the relief fund business
present that night were the Rev.
Lashley Hall, James Lancaster, Mr.
Ambrey, then secretary, and many
others.
Several speakers aired their views,
botli for and against paying back
finally as those present will remember. The chairman selected a committee having representatives of both
factions * to draw up a resolution, to
submit, to that meeting. This was
done and Uio resolution in short' -was
that- every man that had received
relief would pay back a certain portion to make sufficient to give those
who had not had relief,* lumber, etc.,
and put them on the same footing
as the majority. This was carried,
unanimously. *
Now why all these law cases and
why  the  cost  of  so  many lawyers'
letters?    Mr. Ambrey made a statement  in  said  meeting  that he  had
not received any salary for a certain
period.    1 don't think Mr. H. Herchmer has .made the statement„that he
is not receiving any remuneration for
writing    these    threatenting letters,
etc,   What I, Mr. Editor, would like
to sec is the people of Fernie do their
best to agree on some definite plan
that would be satisfactory to the majority of the fire sufferers, even  if
some proposition. was balloted on by
referendum vote.   To my mind it is
ridiculous  if., any  man  who  has  to
toil at the mines or get livelihood by-
working daily for a boss to put any
of that hard-earned money .into the
"Hand s" of"! awyers"to~f i gh trahy~c as ef
The lawyer, like any other man, is
looking after    his    living,    and the
easier he gets it the better he likes
it.   lt would be folly on his part to
advise    his    clients    to   keep  their
money in their pockets and you cannot expect him to do so, but in my
humble  opinion   it  is  up   to  us   as
citizens of Fernie to try and settle
this   , relief      affair     satisfactorily
amongst ourselves and  if we would
only throw off any little selfishness
we may possess and also any hard
feeling about not wanting to be beat,
etc., I feel fully convinced that wo
could do so.*  If you will 'excuse mo
rambling, Mr. Editor, I, would like to
point  out  ono  or  two  items  worth
noticing,   To my mind It seems very
plain that the Relief Commlttoo wero
very active,to got tho working mon
of  Fornio  ono  fighting, against  the
other.   Rumor hath it that somo of
theso who,aro down to rocolvo lumber now, were blankly refused in tho
first  place.    Thon  you   will  notice
that tho Relief Committee distributed'
hand bills calling on overy flro suf-
foror who wns entitled to relief! to
send hia claim in by a certain date.
If tho Relief Commltteo didn't want
Fernloltcs quarreling amongst thorn-
'selves, then I wonder why tho dato
for tho names to bo In was extended
two   or    throo   timos.    Thon ngnln
rumor hath it that lho Relief Committee retimed to entertain tho idea
of winding up tho fund as suggested
In  tho    mooting    at    Bruce's Hall,
Thoro aro scoros of othor rumors In
circulation ro tho rollof fund In general, Homo ugly, Homo otherwise.
You will notico that tho rollof quoH-
tion Ib' very curious in thin respect.
A. man cnn mako cortaln Inquiries
from oach man who has had anything to do with this fund nnd oach
of them will either glvo him a dlfforont story or toll thom to go to
somo othor party ub ho lcnnwa all
about It. It IooIih to mo as If ovorybody known Homotblng, but In tho
end thore are practically nono tbnt
know anything ro that you will note
It Ih ImpoHslblo for tho pHhllc to got
a proper idea as to what to do for
tho boHt, "
What I nm most, nnxlnun about Mr.
Editor nnd my chlof ronson for wilting Ih ho thnt hoiiio sober minded
Individual hi or out. of _ arnlo woulJ
mnko a aultablo miggoHtlon whereby
all I bought of law would ho quashed,
Lot the fund bo dlatrlhiitod or nl loaat.
lot it bo cloHod In tho samo good
fueling iih lho fund wnn glvon.   If wo
continue   to   quarrel   nmongat our-
,        1 ,    ,      ,     ,       ,       , -*
■ulitji   "illume   U>ii*h   ill  Ilium.* a  u.M*
rnin nti It woro, thon t nny \vp nre
only liiHtiltlng theso who donated ao
handHomoly towards us, T fnncy that
the majority of tho donntora would
Hny "poor pooplo, tbey will nood ull
tlio help wo can give thom." but they
never ham * well wo will bom. in t.-ou
or $1,000, n« tho enHO may bo ' to
Fernio for n relief commlttoo to have
law ciihob ponding nnd lawyera writing letters hinting nt proHocutliig,
etc.," nor did the donntorB both! thoir
money In for a 11 to bn used hero,
Dime, and over)win-re and no proper
recorda kopt.
Nuw frlundii I fancy I lmvo enough
jumbled remarks hero 10 show you
tjie folly of contlnulni** with thla
-itrnintd feeling Against ono another,
In the name of common H«nso 1st
ua nil work In the aatnu lino dolor-
mined to fight ngalnat ench othor-no
longa*--.
Even though there tnay have been
j Saturday, the last day of our Great Remodelling Sale will be your final opportunity to share in
this,, money saving event. Limited space will only allow us to enumerate a few ofthe many money
saving values offered—we invite yovr inspection. Perhaps you require a piece of Furniture or a Carpet for the home, but are not in a position to immediately pay for it. Come in and make your selection, pay a deposit and we will hold it till pay day for you. .7        •■-■■ \"r. "'
MEN'S "GOLD. BOND"     ..
FINE SHOES
Regular $5.00 ■ and $6.00 values"
- for   , ..........$3.65
Even though you do not immediately
require them it will ■ surely pay you
to invest in a pair at the exceptionally
low price at whicli this line is being
hurried out at. Made up in all 'the
different leathers ancl iu the newest
season's lasts.
Special sale price . .$3.65
. Saturday the last day of our Remodeling Sale in the Furniture Department. Every piece of furniture under
the roof specially reduced in price for
- tlie last day's selling. Examine the"
values now within your reach and make
an early selection, for your dollars at
this time have increased purchasing'
power.
Just placed in stock Twenty Bales of
"Wilton, Axminster and Brussels Carpets. All to' be sold at the Special Remodeling Sale Price.
MILL ENDS OF PRINTS.
Suitable for street and house dresses,
waists and aprons. They are fast colors. A very heavy print; good clear-
patterns, put up in ends ranging from
seven to ten yards. We cut no ends..
Saturday, per yard .; lie
MEN'S FIT-REFORM SUITS. ,
Regular $25, $26.50 and $28, Store „
,   Remodeling price ...'......-... $19.65
You will make no mistake in anticipating your wants and.stocking your
wardrobe to its full capacity. Fit-Reform Clothing embodies all Uie best
ideas of the most highly skilled tailors
Amcrica has ever produced. It is the
one brand of clothing in which every
detail, no matter how small, has been
carried out to perfection. Our offering .
comprises.the best of. Fit-Reform tailored excellence, and at the special
price should interest you. "We are prepared, to hold suits until payday provided a deposit is made and selection
made not later than Saturday.
/STOCKINGS.  ..
.Ladies' plain and ribbed Cashmere
Stockings. These are all wool with
shaped ankle and leg-7-seamless feet. .
- A splendid stocking for this - season
of the year. .Good value at the regular selling price of 35c. ■     7 '       .,
Remodeling price, per pair  .25c
LADIES' LISLE STOCKINGS.   ■
Ladies' Plain and Fancy Stockings,-,
in Polka Dots, Embroidered Spots and
plain   in   Gray,   Copenhagen, Reseda,-.
Wisteria, Tans' and Browns.
Regular price 35c, special sale
price, per pair ......'. 25c
SPECIAL CLEARING OF  LADIES*
LACE AND BUTTON TAN OXFORDS
All   hew   and'  snappy   up-to-date
styles; Goodyear welt arid Cuban heel...
Regular $4.50, special sale*price. .$3.45
Regular $4.00, special sale price. .$3.15
Regular $3.50, special sale price. .$2.75
Our  Grocery Department leads in
both high quality and low price.   Wo
supply the highest quality of table supplies at prices that save you money.
Royal Household Flour,, 50-lb. ',..-'■*
sacks for  ..'.$1.80
100-pound sacks'..." 7 .. 7 .7 ... .$3.50
* 2-pound Tins Christies Sodas ,30c
For your preserving yoiv require
"Pure Cane Sugar." No other will
thoroughly preserve and give satisfactory results.       ■
20-pound Cotton Sacks, each $1.30
Caijnda First Cream, the best by test.
Medium Size. Tins, each...'..' 10c
Alberta Government Creamery Butter,
per pound  .30c
White S*wan Laundry Soap, carton of
six bars" " -. ;.. .20c
Table and Gloss "Starches, 3
': packages for .'• ,v 25c
Reindeer, Condensed Milk,      ,.
q 2 tins for . .i:......... .■ .--.. .25c
SATURDAY GROCERY SPECIALS
Sherriff \s Jelly Powder, 4 pkgs. .. ,25c
Staon Shoe Polish, 4 tins 25c
Shredded Wheat Biscuits, 2 pkgs.. .25c
3-pound Tins Preserved Apples, ..10c
Electric.Lighted.
■■:r'V
Steam Heated
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Walddrf Hotel
-F-ERNm-iM^—-~y-
First Class Accommodation foft Travellers
I
Hot and Cold Water
MRS. S. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
• ,-■   ■    -     l. i.
MMtls,%Manager
$10
SUITS   and
OVERCOATS
arid up riiade to your measure.   The
latest New -York and English    .
Cloth and Styles
PAMTHRTTTM   Rooms 2 nnd 3, The A. Beck Block
JT-UN 1UR1U 1X1.   NEXT FERNIE HOTEL, FERNIE
CLOTHES GLEANED, REPAIRED PRESSED
things dono w|ilch woro not right lot
ua now docldo that whnt, ovor .wo do
wo will' nil dlanrm oui-roIvos, bury
disruption nnd join hnnd In hnnd In
bringing nbout nn ending to tho relief fund thnt will ho a credit to
everyone and whnt Is moro nn ending such ns tho donntorB will bo snt-
iBflcd nnd ploniscd with,
SIncoroly trusting thoso humblo remarks will bo accoptod by all readers In tho spirit ns thoy aro written,
and trusting they mny do somo good.
If It oscnpoB tho wasto pnpor bnskot
I will thank you for Ub Insertion.
Yours for harmony,.
FIRE! SUF. ERICH., '
P. S.—Can wo find out tho bill of
oxponsos Incurred for lognl work and
othor Incldonthl oxpohsoB?
MARTIN WILL SPEND
LIFE IN LONDON
No Graft In England, He Says—Contrasts Political Lifo In Two
Countries.
VANCOUVKR, Aug. 0.—Joseph Mnrlin, M. I\, In nn lUlilreHH br-foro tho
Sooloty of Lonilonors horo tonight
mndo striking compnrluotiH botweon
political lifo In Cnnndn and tho old
country,
"In Canada," ho siilil, "If a man is
oloctod to tlio Dominion lion no and
tries to do hlij duty, tho big rnllwny
11       .,'--.    1   1 •. 1 ,*, ...f.
\ .It lf.lt ttllUtti,     *>UJ .,*•».(-      J,'      •»      .......       I'*.
muKt trot rid of,' nnrt nut lift nnoB.
Thoro In nothing llko that, In tho old
country. Thoro Ib something olso In
Cnniidn of which llio old country l«
froo mid that is graft. Thoro Is no
graft In tho old country,"
t'\ •vliK-.ti—'\niiy Xtx\\ H ttlv.diiuK ixfiim,
Mr. Mnrtln—Yob; nnd thoy trcnt It
ns stonllng, too.
Continuing Mr. Mnrtln nnld: "I don't
want to run down my own country
hut I rnnnot nhut my oyon lo tho fact
thnt Cnnndlnns nro too anxious to
make money and they doii't lako the
samo IniorcBt In pollttr.nl matters a*
thc people In thc old land, Thoro In
graft In Canada Iocaubo Canadians
llko that Hort of thlnK. Thoro nro
lots of poop..) In Canada who admire
n mnn who goes Into politic* com-
parntlvoly poor and comet out a few
yours later enriched by dubious
wbtliOtU. In lhb RtUUU Uouac I Cii'it
that l( I do my duty I have nothing
PALACE
Barber  Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
MHM____BUBMnHHU__MMMSMMMi^i^M
First Class Work is
Guaranteed
Razor Honing is a
Specialty
T. RANDLAND      Prop.
A City is Known
By its Lights
This is no mere figure of speech. -;' The stranger    '
flees the unlighted tbwii'as lie would the grave- .
yard and for much the'same reason .- -, '
Hang   Out: One   of   My
ELECTRIC   SIGNS
Evory ono of my signs will help your busi-
v '   ness   and  add to the  prestige of the town
The Lack ofthe Electric Sign Means
Business Stagnation
Phone 17
T.   B.    HOWDEN
Goneral Electrician
P. O. Box 354
to fonr oxcopt my conBtltutontR nnd I
nood not. foar thom if I llvo up to tho
pledges I gavo. If I woro elected, sny
for Vancouver, to tho Dominion Iioubo
and trlwl to koop my pledKOB I would
fool very cortaln thnt boforo lonn I
would cenpo to represent Vnncouv-nr,
The pooplo might not wish It but tho
tho blK corporations would pour such
a flood of money Inlo this town thut
I would conao roprosontlng It,"
Mr. Mnrtln stated positively that ho
liiluiiiu;-) io bpuliU Mu loul Ut iiii> lilo
In London. Up 13iou£ht, hnwrvc-r, thnt
thoro wob no plnco llko Canada for
youriK mon nnd that Uritlsh Columbia
wiih iho best province of tho Dominion
for pi-OHponts. Ho bollovod thoro was
a placo for Rood Englishmen here but
lie did not wimi the -Kind who were no
good nt homo,
"Wo hnvo In St. Louis n group of
20 millionaires who hold most ot tho
wonlth of tho city. Wo lmvo nlso
700,000 working peoplo slftv«.i, wim
nro horded In squalid, unsanitary
(-"nom^tiifl, Thoy nro nMo. to »lvo
thoBo dependent on them a bare living. Thoso clvlo conditions tiavo
driven tho poor of the cities to desperation. The situation portends a
revolutlou ,a bloody rovolt ngalnst
such a state of affairs. Steps roust
b<i uUeu, to siftUclpatc ouch a cristo."
—Archbishop Olennon.
Parkview
, MacLeod is to bo tho groat railroad
oontor of Southern Alborta, Four railroads into tho oity in tho very noar
futuro warrant us in guaranteeing you
a profit within tho noxt yoar of B0
por cont on your investment. Park-
viow is fronting on tho rivor. AU lots
aro guaranteed to be high and dry, and
at no timo affected by high wator,
Who aro tho ones who havo mado tho
\i\_  ixiiiuutia iu  Villi ^»aJ>li     II  Wu*> iii/1
tlio ycanliukla, ihey fito<K2 back and
scoffod at Winnipeg,, Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Lothbrldgo
and many othor placos, and yot woro
• ■•a* f, 1*1 ft 1* fnt  f.**!* .  Io f>        H1-|MMf|tl<l>        fy 9      lM.lt*'i>.
pority, and tho upward,, onward march
of progross continues, History repeats
itself today at MacLeod. Pricos will
advance Bhortly.
4
Alberta-Kootenay Investment Company, Ltd.

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