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The District Ledger Sep 24, 1910

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'i-rovincial Library 30 Juno 0?
-.,-vj.' *.--* _      7   ..■■.■:,'-""■•:      "-    ' -
|/-. mdustrlal Unity is Strength,
■■ y)
s >>
The .Official Org-sua. of District No. 18, U. M..W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOL. VI.   No. 8
FERNIE,   B. C,  September 24th 1910
$1.00 a Year
o -
Labor Situation Throughout England
;Is,Regarded Somewhat Critical
and the Strike Has Caused
Wide Comment.
("Dad") Griffiths with1 the^ theft of a
shack valued -, at7 $50. , He was allowed bail on his'own recognizance
and putting up-"$100. .-The'case/will
come lip for trial on Friday before
his  Honor  P. E.' Wilson.        -
Joseph ■ Walsh,' the Fort Steele
police representative, of the province,
accompanied a batch of government
guests to Nelson on Thursday morning's passenger.
Ed Danstrom, of Jaffray, against
whom Information was laid by Nels
Nielsen, of. the same place, has been
bound over to*keep the peace for one
year.       , * *       .     ,
Ole Kjnlberg, the teamster who was
so badly beaten about the head by
John Frederick, has been released
from the hospital but in consequence
of the foreman at the Elk mill noting
♦lint he ,did not appear to go" about
his work with the same definiteness
as he did before the assault has discharged him.. * *" ' '
.'Janco, tho Slavonian, . who was
stabbed, is now out of danger but is
still an inmate of the hospital.   .
CARDIFF, Wales, Sept. 19.—Twelve
- thousand miners'from the-Cambrian
.,,, colliery  struck   today.   .  *rThe  strike
temporarily closes all the mines Tsup-
7 plying coal tp the British navy.   The
strikers in walking out, violated the
orders of the leaders of the unions.
,'. The federation of mine owners is con-
' sideling   the   locking out_,of. 200,000
-'.*? men as a result of the. trouble. -.
!*■-.   If-this action is taken by-the mine
7'o\vners,.one of the-most serious labor
'? disputes of recent' years in' England
y. may begin.   Tho action of the men in
7 quitting, in spite of .the efforts of the
V, heads of their organizations to keep
' them a. work, gives" the operators .a.
ckantfe - to make    a ,  winning    fight
- against the"'unions, it is believed, and
anti-union sentiment which has been
crystalizing among jhc mine, owners
_* mny-fih'nw its-all* ilia   gonor'nl*'lockout
■ order, -brought' on the. grounds 'of alleged violation of "-.contracts.   ,-'        «
' " ' Tlie labor„situation throughout England   is   regarded   somewhat   critical
- -and'the strike;has caused wide com-
- ment and is receiving close attention
from all'parts of. England. 7 .        .-7*
Government Agriculturist Seeks Infer-
formation on* System of. Grain
.   Inspection.
OTTAWA,' Sept., 19.—Russell A'.
.Thornton, government agriculturist of
the department of agriculture'at Cape
Town, is in Ottawa, seeing the officers of the department of trade and
commerce in regard to Canada's system of grain inspection. Mr. Thornton says" that it is'understood in
South Africa that the Canadian system of grain inspection is the best in
the world and commands tho confidence of the British market.1 It is tho
desire of South Africa, he says, to
adopt somewhat similar grain inspection laws.
The protested game between Fernie
and Bellevue will be played tomorrow
(Saturday) .at the latter place. • Arrangements have been made so that
all may return the *., same evening.
Train leaves at 9:10 from Fernie and-
the return is made from Hillcrest
station at G: 12. A- big crowd should
lake "this and see Fernio'bring home
The, Nursery Competitors Were Very
Nervous But Will Give a  Better ,
• Account. Later—The   Score
and List^ of Prizes.
, Rev. Dr. Easterbrook occupied the
pulpit of tlio Baptist church last Sunday evening preaching a powerful sermon which wos greatly appreciated.
At the' close,.of ..the service an after
meeting was called to plan for future work and a unanimous call was
tendered to Rev. Mr. Thompson, Into
of Rossland. It is -oxpecte'd Mr,
Thompson will accept and will possibly be hero for ' Sunday, Octobor
2nd.  -
the tie. '_ ■ ■* - ; „' ■■- " ' '
Following „ is the lineup: * ' ■
Goal, Horrocks;,'Backs, H7 Allen,
J. M'cEwan-tHalf Backs, Mills, Ward-
rop, Bari-; Forwards, Booth,. Twist,
Howdeu, Watson, Cooper. Reserves,
Gouchie and Benbridge. .
-*•"■P.,t-Hu_*ie'3'-and'- J:■ Stewart act
King,  of  Cranbrook,  Ib
tako   tho   BpiT!,!e_   for
to-morrow (Sunday.)
Rev.   Mr.
lOxpectcd to
.Owing to a scarcity of lathers work
on tho church. building In. still further delayed, but this it is hoped will
soon be overcome.
Young people's mooting every, Monday ovoning at 8 o'clock, to which nil
young peoplo tiro cordially invited to
Tho Ladles' Aid hold a vory successful rrIo of home-mado cooking
last. Saturday up town, as well as
serving tea and cake, tho roBult being n tidy sum to the fund.
The Co-Operation of the Whole District Urgently Requested to Combat the  Dread  Disease.
Tho thirtieth anniversary of tho
historic 20th of Boptombor waB fitting colobratod by tbo compatriots of
tho red shlrtod Llborator at Bruce's
hnll undor tbo auspices of the Italian
Mutual Ttonoflt socloty with Mr. Nlc
olottl as presiding officer.
Tho band discoursed sweet music
patriotic nnd national airs bolng loudly acclaimed by tho participants.
Speeches appropiiato to tho ovont
woro mndo nnd woll rocolvod. Light
refreshments were dispensed.
Ilrlofly stntod Boptombor 20th, 1870,
markod tho culmination of tbo efforts
of Mnwlno's co-worker a. Gnrlbnldl,
which divided Into two events. I.—
Tho unification of tho kingdom of
Italy and 2.—Tho fnll of tho pnpnl
, "temporal" power are colobratod
yonrly whorovor Ilnllnns nro found,
Tho majority of our Fornio roil-
1...I., l.nll l.fM IVn n-viMio»-.n nofMnn
.......i   ......   *.*.».»   .... .,...   .  ,   #
nf thnt, country which overy school
boy knows rosomblos* a Wellington
boot In contour. Among hor noted
men may be mentioned Hruno, Cam-
pnnelll, Plclnl, Tcleslo, Mcssasl nnd
Tbo provincial authorities rocolvod
word thnt a «ultcn»o had been stolen
from tho Now Michel depot that bo-
longed to n Cnlgary gentleman named
Uut Kens, Aa a vwult of the efforta
of tho polico the stolen properly was
traced to Crnubroolc and P. Allen wnn
arrested in that town and Joseph
Walsh of Fort Steolo apprehended tho
other who answers to tho num* of
Walter Gable.
Hlorayrae, a Japanese employed aa
towermnn by the C. P. IL at the In-
tertaf-WlnK fcUUow. t-aiL uf town, wna
On Sunday last aftor tho religious
sorvlcoB had boon concluded In tho
Methodist church Dr. Fngnn, provincial health jifflcor, addressed on
nudlonco relative to tho questions so
much in public notice tho world over,
tho combat ngalnBt tbo "Groat Whito
Plague." After stating whnt had already boon accomplished at the now
sanitarium nt Trnnqulllo, nonr Kamloops, ho urgod his hearers to aid in
still further oxtondlng tho bonotlts to
bo obtalnod by giving financial contributions ns tho slnows of wnr nro
sadly needed. As organization Is tho
best method of obtaining tho nnds do-
sirod ho nskod thnt an Antl-Tuberculosis association bo formed ln
Fornio. Dr. Honnoll nomlnatod the
Mayor, Sherwood Horchmor, ns local
prosldont nnd It Is oxpoctod tbo vnrl-
oun officers will shortly bo nppolntod and plans outlined for tho campaign ngninst this drond disease.
During his visit In tho district Dr.
Fngnn spout Homo tlmo Investigating
conditions In Mlchol und Hosmer and
would bo plensed io havo tlio cooperation of nil In Improving tho snn-
* j , 11 „„    f.p   Jl- f-    .1-lf. r»»*f*«*    iVa-iVI m    «rt    \*f*
# l» ** * . V +»        W • »♦•■>- *m*»*-\  ***-»»»        ^ ' -    ' - - ->•- ••
nintfta. that thn flnvernment is doing
nil In thoir powor to provont tho
sprondlng of infectious nnd contagious
Bright and early on Wednesday
morning, Fernie marksmen rolled ojit
of their' Ostermoors and peeked at
the .opening1 glories of thc dawn" in
the east.'' They rubbered the clouds
in the south and sought a .comfort
from the gray-blue., canopen'er of
Heaven above. It was the day'of .the
animal shoot of the Kootenay Rifles
and the Fernie Civilian Rifle association and a great deal hinged on the
result.     .      r '- -   i-      -
Breakfasts were carefully .eaten,'
care being exercised' to get what the
food cranks call a "balanced ration,"
for thc slightest nervous disturbance
causo a man to lose several points in
a day's competition. The dietetic
problem was complicated by the fact
that breakfast ■ might have to suffice
until .7 o'clock iii the evening.
John Minton got.-to tha ranges
first, owing--to tiie .lightning. like
rapidity of'his prize-winning, cayuse.
The first man out had a lot'of work
to do and John tied into it like ia hen
splitting snails., Tho targets were'in
shape and tho phonos up by 10 a. m.
There was scarcely a' breath of
wind during tho whole day and the
changes of light were hardly noticeable. Although no very high scores
wore made it Is worthy of note that
tho high man in the aggregate last
year would not have caught a place
among tho winners with the samo
scoro this year.
Prior to tho matches an extra-
Berles sweepstake was shot off at
each rango. Tho marksmen thereby
got wise to tho rango and windngo
and had tho raw edge ot their nervous system filed off.
Tho scores of tho day aro given
below. Names nro glvon.In tho order
of rank In tho aggregate,
J.R.Wallace .-,' 34 33,20—03
G. H. Boulton    3133 28—92
Q. L. Todlar ,20 35 20—90
A. W. Bleasdell ....80 31.28—89
H. Gould  31 30 28—89
J. Minton   32 33 24—89
F. C. Lawo  33 29 25—87
C. Minton  29 31 25—85
J. Laurlo  29 29 25-83
W. Haldnno  29 30 23—82
F. Donnlson  24 32 25—81
B. N. Clorko  29 25 27—81
C. Holmes   20 20 10-08
Billy Ross, Jr 23 25 19—C7
H. Darr  28 12 23-00
II. Minton  23 24 13-00
A team of Rlflcn shot against five
Civilians for a sldo bot, of modoat
proportions. Tho Rifles won out by
two polntB ns tho following will
J. II. Wnllnco  93
O. IT, Boulton  92
J. Minton   89
(I Minton   85
R. N. Clorko   81
200  Yards.
* 1st.—J.'R. Wallace, grip, presented
by J. S. T.' Alexander.
..-2nd,—F. C. LawO,-pair of boots,
presented by W, F. Muirhead and
company."- ■
"   3rd.—L. Minton,   dozen   bottles of
beer,-,presented by John,Podbieiancik.
4th.—G. H. Boulton, scarf, presented
by G. F, Johnson.  . ''   * 0
'      500 Yards. ■ *
lst.—George L. Pedlar, medal, presented by W. R. Ross, M. P. P.
2nd.—J. Minton,. prize, presented by
the Fernie Free Press.
3rd.—G. H. Boulton, dozen bottles
of beer, presented by Rizzuto Bros.
* 4th.—J. R. Wallace, knife, presented
by J. D. Quail.
600  Yards.
lst.—G. H. Boulton, cup, presented
by Fernie Athletic- association, and
Meerschaum pipe, presented,by.John
Minton. ,
2nd,—H. Gould, prize, presented by
R. W. Wood.       ■>     ■
3rd.—A .W. Bleasdell.^hat presented" by the Crow's Nest Trading Co.,
Ltd.    '       ,' ,'*•.'   ,,
.'4th.—R., N. Clerke, case    of    beer
presented by the Pollock Wine ,Co.
Nursery Competition.
200 Yards..lst, J. Laurie, gold cuff
links, presented by F. C. Lawe.
■ 2nd.—W. Haldane, .box   of   cigars,
presented by Cecil 'Holmes. *   •
3rd.—C.  Minton, Free Press prize.
500    Yards.—lst,    Fred    Dennison,
medal, presented, by Chief McDougall.
* 2nd.—C. Minton, prize presented by
the Duthie Hardware company..    , *
.3rd.—-W.   Haldane,   box' of , cigars,
presented by Fred Armstrong.
■ The militia prizes" were won by the
following:' 3
Aggregate.    ,    '   ,
1st.—J. R. Wallace, Pellat Cup and
medal.'   ...-,.
2nd.—G. ,H. Boulton.
3rd.—J. Minton.
4th.—C." Minton.    ■ •
" , 200 ..Yards.
1st—J.  R. -Wallace,  Jaffray   Cup.
2nd.—J. Minton.  *• '   '   *
3rd.—G. I-I. Boulton.7'
4th.—R. N.'Clerke.
' " 600,,-Yards.   '
1st—G .11. Boulton, McEvoy Cup:
2nd.—R.  N.  Clerke.
3rd.—J. R. Wallace.
4th.—C. Minton.    •
Everyone carried a recherche luiicli
! 1li_ «_\iw-t_j==-ir^=7__i-ip-^^-T_/_rt7.'f_f _- Tf- -   ttrn -.
Ou Sunday, night it was intended
that .Charles ~M. O'Brien, ihe only
representative of, the interests of the
vorking class of Alberta, altliou*jn ■*, .-
of tho other members owe. their seats
to working class votes, should address
a meeting in the,Miners' Union hall
on the great problem of the age, but
as the evening was warm and the
moon shining brightly "" an outdoor
meeting was held Instead, John D.
Harrington took * tlio chair, but instead of sitting ln used it to stand
upon as did tlie speakers wlio followed.
After stating tho purposes of tho
organization 'Charles mounted ' the
temporary rostrum and for fully an
hour regaled his audience with a
clear and simple description of the
evolution ' of human „ society. * He
showed how constantly more clearly
outlined the class struggle was becoming day by day, and the growing
recognition was forcing itself upon
the minds, of the workers, some only
discerning it dimly whereas others by
At Last Accounts' From  Hospital the
"   injured 5Parties - Are  Progressing
Favorably^ and   Will   Be
Around  Soon. *-*
«THE    DELAY? '
Thursday   Night's   Meeting   Was   No
Pink  Tea   Affair—Large  Gathering     of   -Rate-Payers
Alex . Thornton, engineer at the
power house, Coal Creek, while attempting to board a moving train on
the M. F.'& M. on Wednesday missed
his footing and fell under tlie wheels
of the engine. His foot was crushed
.to .a .uulp and upon being .removed
to the hospital it 7-'was fouud that
severe internal Injuries had been received as well as being considerably
bruised over the region of the kidneys. ■ His condition is indeed serious
but it is hoped that " ' 'y "*s * possessed of a splendid physical • condi-
"ticm.th'at ho„may recover.
-. r*i , ' "*   '     -i
The unfortunate young man is an
enthusiastic footballer and played .for
study of economics had reached the
conclusion of the uselessness of petty
reforms as lasting benefits and were
applying their knowledge of the three
great, factors of'interpretation. Economic Determinism, the Materialistic
Conception of History and tiie Class .,0m,(, ;. R Mmei„ is ;m exce,.
Struggle, as the true solution for thei ■ ,      Jf „       *,      *   ,
remedies of present day evils. Il0'lent, nnd .nntl.uaied method ..of corn-
dwelt upon the' evolution of beliefsi mencing a' story intended for tho
pointing out that fire worshipping simple understanding of those of ten-
was one of thc earliest forms of de-j,lcr v(,a.,s so WCi/,l00 preface our re-'
votion; when women liad the ascend- ,        ...    ,.-.* ,.     „
' ■ ,, , ,,,,11-aiks  with     Once    upon    a    time
ancv of power  goddesses  wore held;
in the highest esteem, yet when man! u-*-'1-c **™s ■■ l'''^ -B»'l who liad corn-
assumed the reins of government tlio, mitted some childish misdemeanor for
goddesses were, supplanted by. gods! which she had been brought to task
until finally the god universal became jbv ,K1.. gramlminei.. Tll0 ,,llle ono
the recognized deity. '   i, .   ■ .      .'    ,        ,.   *"-
At  the close of the meeting a c0I-rlxuneer,nK  fo!'  s>'ml,ilt^'  in   *ier   (1,s"
lection   was   taken   up  wliich   netted   tress picked up her kitten and strok-
eatcn at the S00" yard firing' point
with'clear spring .water, tinged with
malt and hops.. ■
Major General--Keay acted as range
officer to the satisfaction of all concerned. ' His ' decisions' were prompt
and. in accordance.^-ith D. R. A. rules
and the ethics, of tho game.
the sum ot $10.70.
M^.v-^Bvien left on Monday morning to kee,. tan appointment to lee-
ture"at .Moy^; Tuesday,he spoko at
Crestc* yy*£ thence westward lo the
coast.    Il-' will be hack in Edmonton
ing its, fur sobbing    said:    "Kitty-1
does love 'oo, but but as tlie
sobs checked lier utterance, 1 wish
one,of us was dead," and casting a
^i'.ielong glanc-L  at,,granny, she  uddr>,
„  . NE8S MAN.
The Groom Wa* at One Time a Member of the Local 8taff of the
Bank of Commerce.
There i» a report comes lo us from
sources which lmvo heretofore beon
perfectly rollablo that tho printing of
tho list of voters In this constituency
Is In course and as wo may tako this
for on augury of probable futuro
"cvonta casting thofr shadows before"
would urffo that all who aro roil-
dontn of fhln dlntrlct nnd hsvlm»
votes still on other lists, tbat thoy
make application for transfer where'
by they nay be enabled to enst tbelr
vote In tbe event of a byfr election.
Q. h. Podlnr     00
A. W. Uleasdcll    «!»
II. Oould    80
V. C. Lawo     87
J. Laurlo     83
• ——
Vr-nfl for Dw "P. Ifi Pit *?.,'
Following aro tho prlro winners In
tho general compolltlons.
lBt.~--T,   H.   Wallace,   Mason Cup,
,^.«    ..      ,,   r...  i. »   i..   n ., -. - .,
Mason, Ueneral Manager of tho Home
bank), barrel oi'neer presented by tho
Fernl.Fort ateolo Drowlng Co., Ltd.
2nd.—G. II. Boulton, prlio prcsonlod
by Mayor Herchmer.
3rd.—(lcorne L. Pedlar, turkey, pre-
nontod hy P. IXtirnn A>. rnmpitny."
■Ith.—A. W. Hleasdell, prise, pre-
nr-ntoil bv A   W. Wr-aMd-.!.
On Wednesday, Soptomhor 21nt, tho
wedding of Ashloy Noel Wilmot and
Miss May Kidd took placo at Christ
church; Fornie, In tbo proBonco of a
largo nRHomblngo, Tho ccroraony
wns performed by tho rector, thn
Rov, W. M. Wnlton. Flowers and
autumnal foliage tastefully arranged
gnvo nn artistic finish to tho interior
of tho church.
Punctually at I) a, m, tho brldo
nrrlvod, uscortod by Dr. Douglaij Corsan, who gavo her away, attondod by
hor bridesmaid Miss 13. Pym and tho
two littlo flower girls MIhsob Con-
Htanco Honnoll nnd Jean Corsan.
Tho brldo was ntttrod In a graceful
gown of soft while satin adorned with
a bertha of Limerick loco; « veil of
whito tulle with n coronet of ornngo
blossoms nnd carried bouquut of whito
roses and asparagus forri,
Tho bridesmaid's costume was a
pule blue fnulnnl, wllh a largo black
hat and pulo pink roses constituted
hor bouquet. The littlo flower kI.Ih
woro dainty frocks of white muslin
girdled with silk Hnshes each carrying daintily arranged baskets of pink
ennnn      *i
The bridegroom was, nt! ended by
il. r\, Hill-well, u» ht'Ht num. MeHurti,
Kenneth Carsiin, Flnluysoii and Hud-
dahy filling tho rolo of uthors.
Aftor tho brief but Imprenslvo core-
money tho bridal, party adjourned to
«1.r    yj «■» *">*        tttit'ttwr   t }-****   olfrrtlnn'   of   ♦Tin
registry    a    vocal  solo, "O
ward this summer' for' Pernio"
a* Scotchman and very popular among
his co-workers becauso of his' cheery I
disposition - and   evei'y-ready willing-
ness to obiigo. ■■ *
We are * pleased, to find out upon
making a call that the patient showed
a decided improvement and under tlie
circumstances tho outlook is reassuring. , .7
Joseph W. Buchanan,    an    experienced engineer in the employ of tho
C. N. P. Coal company at Coal Creek,
was following his regular employment
as driver of the "dinkey" locomotive
used  for" haulage   purposes  on  the
north side Thursday between 1  and
2 o'clock and was ■pulling a string of
empty   cars ■ preparatory   to   back-
switching them,     When " reaching a
point ori tho way towards -No. 5 mino
ho folt a sudden lurch and sensing
thnt his machlno  was Jumping tho
track attempted  to get out' of tho
cab, but beforo    ho    was    ablo to
escape tho onglno topplod ovor tho
embankment which    Is    vory stoop
carrying him with It, ejecting him on
the  way down  but keeping  on  Its
course headlong down tho slopo until
the track of the M. F. &  M. was
roached whoro It lies    a    confusod
Jumblo of warped mechanical parts.
Buchanan  was  picked  up  by his
comrades and medical assistance rendered with  all  dlBpatcb,    Ho  Ib nt
prosont lying In tho city hospital In
a  critical  condition  as  his  Injuries
consist of a compound fracture of tho
thigh; he also has an arm fractured,
tho lower log nnd tho body Is a niniiH
of contusions.
His wlfo nnd family aro ot present
visiting tho old homo near While-
haven, Cumberland.
Gordon Pearson, bis conductor was
fortiinalo enough to Jump clenr of
Upon calling ot tho hospital wo
wero courteously permit tod lo lmvo a
fow minutes cnnvorsntluii wllh llm Injured mini and glad Id ho ablo 10
report that though his condition is
bad yet ho Is suffering but littlo
pnln and tho prospects for hin re-
<ov«>ry nr/1 splendid.
--—}-iu-"iii,vv.— ui-3-*Bcnir-in—nic-Aiu_i ill-i-cf.».*v
"e'is ; laturo at the forthcoming session.       | but I won't say
TnsnT- oo-is.Trry;—nrs*- irot-mvr, ivm.vr"
who il   is. ■ There's
I a moral tliat adorns-- this tale that is
jas  plain  as_ a ""pikestaff' to iill  those
 '  , I wlio were ih the council chamber last
On Thursday John Ficon, a French-! night.
Canadian well known throughout the!    The   presence  of'so* many  of  tho
Pass* among    tho. lumber men, died J citizens  when   iho, ninyor .and'.older-■
suddenly in a shack in (lie south cud
of town.
An Object That 8hould Receive the
8upport of Every Citizen Regardless of Creed or Nationality.
crescent brooch. The host num r-*-
reived a silver mulch box and onch
of the ushers a gold Do pin.
Among tbo guests wo noticed Mrs,
Wilmot of Vancouver, Mr. and MrH.
! men look their .senl.s «ltosred to'tho
deep interest Hint is taken in sivic
affairs at this juncture.
Aldermen Heck, Uroley, Johnson,
Kennedy and Morrison were in their **
respective chairs when Mayor Herchmer took his seat at the head of tho
table and City Clerk Wormack at tho
foot. Alderman White, who is away
from the city, being tho only absentee.
„Aftor tlio minutes had been read
tho major stated that tho letter,
whicli hn held In his hand, had been
received from Mr. Eckstein relative
to two letters, a portion of certain
correspondence that Imd pasned between tliem anent civic mnttors, that
ho (EckHtoln) had ngreod to withdraw nnd also expressed Ills willing-
noBB to nld In promoting the best Interests of the city, Tho letter wns
then passed over tho tnblo to tho
city clerk, accompanied by tho remark that "you don't need to read
It out."
Tho roport ot auditor McDearmld
was roferrod to but tho mayor said
that rnosmuch ns it Is claimed that
$1,600 of tho,reported shortngo has
been found and that thero was an ex-
pectntlon of tbo rost being found, It
was   Inadvisable   to  mnko  ll  public
until lator.   Thon opened up n tonguo
On Tuesday evening a vury enjoy-1 lu-ahlng roiidomnnilon of "Irrosponsl-
ablo banquet wus held ln lho bii80-ji,in" parties of about 20 minutes dur-
mont of tho Mothodlst church under ■ m|0n,    Attention   wns  culled   lo tho
tho auspices of the Young Men's Alh-i injury -".iiisod tlm community by nn
lotlo association, nnd wns crowded to: tfX-aggnrnllvo account  being sent out
Its utmost capacity and If the pnr-; regurdliiK a  small  fire In  lhe  pnrk
tlclpnnlB  wero nol lu  a Hki* happy' i.-miIiIiik In    tin*    withdrawal of tho
condition of repletion thu fault was! piuionl-. Flro Insurance Co. (hero Mr.*
entirely  their own  oh thoro wim  ajcrcn iirom- und Informed his worship
supernbiindnneo   of   odlblon provided * ■-, W|*h    tho    London,  Liverpool nnd
and nfter the Inner mnn's wants hnd; (MobiO  from assuming, nny i-IhIch In
l**"-'ii attended  monlal food was fur-; Fornie.   Hitter criticism nf Inunondoes
nlsliod by various speakers. The may-' iniitniintloim published reflecting upon
or promised  u  cup to he contested | (h'*, integrity of the council wns char-
for, W, H. Horn, M. P. P., alluded to | arti-rlml n« cowardly,   A recommend-
l-'ortilo's many ndvaiilngeoiis fotttnroH  ntlon wiih suggi-sti-d  to thn cltlzeiiH
and expressed pleasure nt Ihe object', •-,,»■    tIit-Hu    "Irresponsible"'    pnrtle»
of tho iiKsnoltillnn becauso such menus  ohould bo tnlien in hnnd by tliem as
of relaxation were iii'cessnry lo the. iho reports were being spread broad-
youth of the community nnd n« thlH',,IIHt by ruin whose skins worn by no
wns tho first body to inulertiiko the, means rlenn, n fugime fiom Justice.
•a',**'< nlong ('(ortnln IIikb Iih Imxpoke   T|„,M tlie \litis of wrath h'-lflu-d forth
for It n high measure nf succohh.       , t) volume of tlm most personal chnr-
Principal Ilruce, during the course' nt:tor and the inferences made wero
of his rernnrks, slated Hint there wiih   bo pointed  Hint   n  mnn  blind  In one
one fonture thnt Hhould commend II- eye, mul  a  ciitnrnct   over  tho  other
hoK to nil posHCHKing gcnulnci love of  ((,u)d not fall tn know tor whom tt
«nort nnd thnl wnn the freedom from   wnn Intended.
City KngluciT Puller   reported   on
P  Cnnlthnrd of Plnlrmore, Altn.. Mrs
W. II. Hoss, Mrs, Stewart, Dr. nnd | (ho mint, of commercialism thnt liml
Special rate* to Spokane vla'G, N".
,«.._.»...«. .......... -. —... — railway, Scetcmbcc Mth. to October
charged at tho instance of Thomas [1st, account Dry Farming contrrett.
Mrs.   tioiineif  umi   SUM  t'i.ir'u
and Mrs. Ilciclimer, Mr.   nnd
frem. Mr. nnd Miss Alevnnder.  Mis"' chirmed
Pym, Dr. nnd Mrs. Anderson, Mr. nnd  tnldnp,
Mrs, Adair. Mr. II. J. Johnson, Mr.
nnti   Mm;    T Inlmnll    Xtox-   XX    nnd   MrH
Loving I Grunt, Rev. W. M. niul Mrs. VOiKon.
Air. j mwi'tfri*! prat Ui aii) <uu-i) o'tiii xit ii.ii*   ide   u*<**h.   wmi   ui    n7      I'mi,(,,:„!
Mrs, .iioor nnd Indoor pasUmi'-* could not be   Health Offl-ei. lb*. Fngnn, ,'iud bis ro-
nRiilnst   tho   present  under-'marks relative 1o tlm neptle tnnk not
Father," wns rendered with much
taste nnd feeling by Miss Olive Pearson, thc accompaniment being played
by Miss Alexander, wbo presided at
the organ.
,\frer lho ceremony    n    reroptlon
was held at th*- residence of Dr. nnd
Mrs F. Johnson, Mr. nnd Mrs. Young.
Mr, nnd Mrs. Wood, Mr. nnd Mrs,
Moffntt, Mr, nnd Mrs. Lnwrey, Mr.
and Mrs, Depew, Mlns Mitchell, Miss
Robson. Miss Wilkins. Mrs. Clode,
Mls-i Stewart, Miss Hmldnby, Miss
Kirkpatrick.  Mr. and   Mrs.  Ambrey. j young main's Inntiiutiim there would
| complying with re-mint Inns 1ieraii**>e of
Tho president of the nssorlnllon ln-| |nrk of philtre bed nnd It Is expected
frirmed M**- hr-tirer* whnt hnd nlr«*ndv - tl.m ttr.linil ntitltre Xiottt will be in-
been done nud tlu ell. upon the plnns Mnllfil lu tlm tii-m* future,
for tlm future. Commiiiilrntlnns hnd j City'KtiKlnper Potter nnd Chl-f
nlrondy been received relative to nn., Fleetrlclnn Hnmmond were reipiested
Itistntcior. but no deelnloii hnd ns yet '• to look Into tho nintter of putting nn
been nrrived nt but this It wns ex-j indicator on the reservoir nt Fnlry
peeled would be iu the near future.; Creek In-order lo show tho quantity
lie   snld   Unit   i-lthouuh   this   wns   n' nf writer.
Mrs. Corson, when nbout fift gnesta! Mr. Watson, Mr. llnnwell, Mr. Flnlay-1 be- also opportunities  for  tlm older!
fitb  -IL Could, prl-wi, presented by! As*f-mbl>d to congratulato tho hnppy j snn and Mr. Hvddaby. *mm» m Inoubre  in  pbysieal enlture
N  B. Suddaby. couple. li ■    Mr. and   Mrs. Xoel   Wilmot   wore j and thnt tho yoiing women would bo
" AgKU-Kate, 2-00 and f>60 yards, J. FL- ■    The groom'* present to tbo bride'< M-ortrd to tlm station by a host of allowed   the  use  nf Dw gymnnslum
Wallace. Liphardt shield. ' I was & gold horse shoo brooch wltb a ; friends,   They Wt for California on
IJeBt Individual scoro at any range four-leafed clover In «r»vn enamel.; the -Flyer" rarrylng with thero tbo
made by H warMed nan, J. R. WaJ-.Tb-p flontr j.r!s iwltH rhatmlng t-f*t wlthAt of the as-wmbl-M t^r-**.rtr
laco auoklfn-j pfir, pr«"-i-Mit**"I by* John ! lf(*fr> *T"M p»n» *•-*♦ with --wirlt nnd I Tlm brlde'n truvellnr dr-r-ss was of
Minton. I Miss Alexander   a   cold and i*4<arl!dark blue cloth wllh bot en *u!t*\
for baslict bnll games.
H« concluded hi** ii'n,ark« with a
■Kt/'.rjr abrtiit a t-ropMi-fn-por humsn
iob-urean tbat ***.is elected with a
storm of Inughtcr.
III.AIKMORI-:,     He|»t.    17—flrcgorl
Sorofty.  c-hut"  loader  of  the   Illalr-
monr tnlnif, w.xtx nevi-rel) Injured this
niorr.ii-t-'r by a -rhure nf coal breaking
j nwny from blm.   Ilia arm was rruih-
i ed nnd other -s-m-pt*.  injnrtea re-relved. PAGE TWO
Crime and
Winston Churchill
"For   oak   and   elm   have   pleasant
That in the spring-time shoot;
But grim to see is the gallows-tree,
. With its adder-bitten root-,
And, green or dry, a man" must die
Before it bears its _ruit;"
The public executioner is a fearsome creature, and one thinks of him
with, loathing and contempt'. In
mediaeval times he was banned from
society, and no,, man- would, take in
friendship the hand that had strangled
so many a poor wretch. We liave
changed all that, and it is typical of
this cruel age that the position carries with it tho honor wliich goes
to the man who honestly does his
duty—that is to say, wlio docs any
dirty work he is paid to do--and
-.your Jack Ketch,* fnr from being
shunncd7is something of a sensation.
Still even today the thought of this
appointed butcher carries an unpleasant sensation, and one may well wonder who will he found to do his dirty
work under Socialism.
The hangman is a fearsome crea-
tare, and some of the loathing and
contempt that lie inspires, is inspires again by the jailer, and by the
policeman, each of whom is hangman
in a minor degree, and shares the
responsibility of his horrible ploy.
We   commend   this   aspect  of  the
police to the notice of the Daily Ex-
• press, which quoted our recent essay
on the    police    as    an    example of
Socialist Lunacy.
It is the same' with capital punishment; it is but a degree of punishment,' and tlie ideas of horror and
contempt wliich its upholders inspire
against themselves are excited in
some degree by every punishment in
the horrible*5 and' contemptible criminal system of today.
To the Socialist, who sees plainly
that'society first makes' its criminals
and then punishes thom, the criminal
system is not a separate and detached thing, to b_ abolished or reformed . of itself, without relation to
other social conditions. To us it is
but one more of the unhappy conditions" that result from thc original
oppression and prostitution of Labor.
It is this evil at the basis of society
that creates criminals, and that
creates the bourgeois mind, which not
merely defends its interests against
tho crimes of its own provoking, but
punishes . its ,* victims in a spirit of
revenge. -.       ,
,,. A criminal "system is.an, absurdity
in a society that breeds hooligans,and
"praises-us-jingoes; -a""socrety
offers to the prostitute a* morn lavish
,and generous living than to the fac-
' tory  worker;   a  society  that makes
thieving'a, safer  and   surer  method
of  gaining1 a, livelihood   than   many
another craft,-or that starves many a
craftsman,, who will not thieve.   .
.It   is  absurd,, to  punish   the  petty
swindler and to let tlie big financier
go free;   It is absurd  to hustle and
bully the pimp and the prostitute in
the East End, whilo (lie Smart Set
are endured in the West End;  It is
palpably   absurd   to   let   young   lads
drift into hooliganism and then, and
«ihen  only,   lo  attempt  tho  recovery
of .their lost souls.
° So you may lie suro that, any talk
of  criminal   reform   arouses  but   an
.indirect interest  in the mind* of,lho
Socialist wlio  has  an  understanding
of ills own times,    Such promise of
reform contains neither hope nor in-
lcrest In Itself.   But ll has an interest, nnd  the proposals of the Right
Honorable Winston    Churchill   being
topical  havo an  especial interest to
the Socialist ns showing plainly tho
coil   in   wliich    the    capitalist  politicians lias wound himself; as showing, moro iilalnly porhaps llinn many
a proposal touching our moro Immediate Interests can show, the futility
of reform  ngninst tho evils of capitalist Hoclely.
Consider Mr, Churchill's proposals,
First, ho proposes n bill to allow
time for the paymont of fines, and
this Is un idea tlmt. commends Itsolf
to your bourgeois. For It is obviously bettor economy to hnvo tho flno,
thnn io house nnd feed tho offender,
And so, though n flno Is*often n moro
cruel punishment Minn Imprlsnnmenl,
tlioy menn lo havo tho flno If tliey
cnn gel il, nnd the rn Ich, or Is It. t)io
InxeH, sliiill lie relieved of nn unnecessary burden. Your true bourgeois
will always accept, nnd with much
nenl linenl, ii reform that promlsoK
io pny.
Again,' tlm bourj-i-olnlu havo been
much exercised, nnd hnve wept crocodile tears nver tlm t'nte of (Iioho Inds
vvliotu liny hine '••.•'lulled lu the pitM
year iih < rrninl buys nnd vim boys
mu! mid Job lm-.':-', iind whom lino' tw
lu.ij.'.'r know how to exploit to n miiI-
l-u'iietory profit. To meet thin "vil,
Ml, ('li'irclllll propcm-"-) thai mich r,t
Hi.>•»,!• bids iih fall lum the hands' nf
lliu pollci- hhall bo (iliiintlM- iuul din-
(-Ipliunry. It Is piopnsicd, hh under
Ihu Ikii'.'-U! H)**leiu. Ilitii la-Is bn I ruined lo n cnif'i nnd Mime trouble taken
U)  i'llid   lliejp  enipliijiui'lH   when   their
punishment—or you may call it education if you liker-is completed. 'So
they put a premium upon early misconduct, and make it more profitable
to a lad to break their law than to
keep it. So tliey put a premium upon
crime, and a lad shall liave opportunities of education and discipline in prison that are denied him in the slums
Thoy recognize that a lad who is
denied opportunities of education and
discipline tends to criminal occupations, and so they argue, with their
back-handed logic, that it is well to
discipline - and educate, not ail the
lads, but those who are criminals.
Mr. Churchill'proposes that .C7.500
shall be annually spent on finding
jobs for those who have done time—
an excellent piece of foolery when
you consider tlioy have to spend a
great deal more to maintain in useless labor, the legitimate unemployed.
With one breath-they propose "Jobs
for criminals" and "Detention colonies
for those workers who can't find
jobs." Again, it shall profit a man
better ,if lie shall break their law
than if he shall keep it.
It is proposed to glvo four lectures
or concerts during the winter months
in convict prisons. This will create
an interesting precedent. Xcxt it will
be proposed, in addition to a, grant
in aid, tb take the unemployed to the
Zoo for a spree in January and to
see Maud' Allen dance in May. And
then there aro those honest workers
who serve well their master's interests, and always work; they must not
be neglected ' or treated worse than
criminals; .'they also would be the
better of a littlo mental and moral
relaxation, and perhaps ...Winston
Churchill will himself deliver them a
free lecture or so, perhaps will himself sing and dance to sooth their
savage breasts,
That raises another question—what
are the subjects of those lectures to'
b_ and what program do they propose for those concerts? We think
we can imagine both, and both will
be, but a refinement of torture.
., Do they not, even now, deliver the
poor devils a sermon, every blessed
Sunday, and explain to them how
Christ died of his wounds to save all
criminals.from quod in the after-life.
With a cruel mockery they quote this
most daft of philosophical anarchists
to the poor devils who suffer the extreme rigour of the law.
Consider! They make criminals and
then' tliey punish,them, they punish
them with a cruel and vindicative
hand,, and then they propose to eda-
know which—with-* four lectures or
concerts in the winter months.
And they do wel! to hide their Hell,
For in it things are donei
That* son of Go-I nor son of Man
Ever should look upon!
"The vilest deed,? like poison weeds
Bloom, well in prison air.     _ -
It is only what is good in man
That, wastes and withers'there:
Pale Anguish keeps the heavy gate,
And the Warder is Despair.
"For they starve the little.frightened
'   child
■■'Till it weeps both night and day;
And they scourge the weak, and flog
the fool, "    * --•
And gibe the old and gray;
And some grow mad, and all ^grow
' And none a word may say.     *' ,
"Each narrow cell in which we dwell
Is a foul and dark latrine,
And the fetid breath of living Death
Chokes up each grated screen,
And all, but Lust, is turned to dust
In Humanity's machine.
"The brackish water that we drink
Creepslwith a loathsome slime,    .
And die bitter bread they weigh In
If full,of chalk and lime,
And Sleep will not lie down, but walks
Wild-eyed, "and cries to Time.
"But though lean .Hunger nnd green
Thirst    '   -*
Like asp with adder fight,
We liave little care of prison fare,
For what, chills and kills outright
Is that every stone ono lifts by day
.Becomes one's heart at night:
"Willi midnight always in one's heart,
And twilight in one's"cell,
We turn** the crank, or tear the rope,
Each in his separate Hell;
And the silence is more awful far
Than tne sound of a brazen bell.
I**- !
"And   never   a   human voice comes
^ "   near - *    " ■
To speak a gentle word;
A'nd tlie eye that watches through the
Is pitiless and hard:
And by all forgot, we rot and rot,
With soul and body marred."
A. S. W.
*   —Socialist,  Edinborough.
SCRANTON, • Pa„ Sept. 10.—The
Pennsylvania * Coal company has organized a mounted constabulary of its
own composed of six members of
which former .State Trooper Hentz is
chief.- When Sheriff Connor heard
of the enterprise today he called
Captain W. A. May, general manager
of the company, on Uie telephone to
learn the meaning of it. He made
it plain to Captain May that there
would be no such body patrolling
Lackawanna county if ho could stop
it,' but was assured they are to cover territory in Luzerne .county exclusively and be acting under the
authority bf the sheriff of Luzerne.
With that, Mr. Connor had nothing
to do.
Tiie sheriff declares that he is able
to put down disorder when it arises
.without assistance from this new
creation. If any additional assistance
is needed, he has the state constabulary to call' on, whicli is organized
pursuant to law.
The reason he took lt upon himself to speak to Captain May was
that he did not want any person to
act as a private mounted guard in
this county, who might be deriving
his authority from' a commission as
deputy sheriff.
He said if there should be such a
one he will withdraw the commission
instantly. -   -
All sheriffs* have been accustomed
tb grant a number of commissions of
this sort .for the accommodation of
corporations, but Sheriff Connor says
he will ■ not stand for putting anybody
armed with a commission from him
on horseback.
August 6-11.
Sold on the
Merits of
"With slouch and swing around- the
We .rod the Fools' Parade!
We did not care; we knew we were
Tlie, Devil's Own Brigade;
And shaven head and feet of lead
' Make a merry masquerade.
"We tore tho tarry rope to shreds
With blunt nnd bleeding nails;
We rubbed tlie doors, and scrubbed
tho floors,
And cleaned tho shining'mils;
And,, rank by rank,  we * soaped  the
And .clattered with tbo palls.
"Wo sewed tho. sticks, wo broke the
Wo turned the dusty drill:
Wo banged tho tins, and bawled tlm
,   hymns,
And sweated„on lho mill;
Hut In tho heart of every mun
Terror wns lying still."
Rond, nnd rond ngnln, thoso othor
stanzas wequoto from "Tlin llnllnd of
Rondlng, Gnol"; nnd consider what
mnnnor of thing It Is tlmt tho Right
Honorable Winston Churchill proposes
to 1-mnaniso with his potty reforms.
Rend this pnsslnnnto, biit or verso of
n mnn who oxporlenecil wlinl ho
wrote, and tnko seriously If you cnn
their stupid nnd contemptible forms.
"I know not. wholhor Laws bo right,
Or whether Lnws bn wrong;
All tbnt wo know who lio In gnol
Is thnt lhe wall is strong;
And riint ench day In.llko n yonr,
A yenr whoso dnys nro long,
"But this I know,' thnl every Lnw,
Tlmt mon hnve nimbi for Mini,
Since flrHt Mini tool* IiIh brolhnr's life,
And  Ihe snd world begun,
lint hIi'iiwh the wheat iind hiivob the
With a most evil fan.
"This too I know- nnd wlwe ll  were
If ench eould know the name-—
That every prison Hint men build
Ik built, with bileks of Hhnnie,
And   Imiiiiil   wiib   Iiiii'h    lem     Christ
HllOtlld   Hee
How ineii their lirollici'H ninlni.
"With  biilH  th")*  blur    the    -'ineloiiH
,   union,
And blind the unmlly huh;
By Robert Hunter.
Ralph M. 'Easley of the National
Civic Federation gets a big, fat salary for* the very delightful task- pf
destroying Socialism.
He lias an enviable position. He is
given plenty of Tiioney~to~spi;iid=aiid
he is allowed to give dinners to anybody and everybody.
And' the chief concern of Ralph is
to prevent the Trade Unions from
being destroyed  by' the Socialists.
From time to time, therefore, our
sends it to all the labor press. With
the most serious face he warns union
men of-the danger of Socialism.
Indeed, the Wall Street capitalists
are so disturbed about the way Socialism is hurting the unions that they
are spending hundreds bf thousands
of dollars each year ' to .. warn the
ignorant toilers of that great evil.
■■ Well, here is some evidence that
Easley has not cited:
Some months ago a Socialist alderman al Lead, S. D„ went over to
the bosses.
The* ,ntiners are striking thero
against, the Hearst Homestake mine
nnd one of our leading Socialists decided to help Hearst out.
Now, if he had been a Democrat
or a Republican that would havo boon
the nnturnl thing to do.
The unions would have passed resolutions denouncing him nnd lie would
havo gone on as'alderman of the city
as n senb for I-Ionrst.
Iiiit tho Soclnllsts had in their
hnn'ds lho power to rocnll tho nldor-
man. In fact, before thoy elected
lilm * tlioy got from him nn undated
Thoy wont, therefore, lo tho city
council, presented his resignation
nnd tho E^oclnlist nldorman and llonrst
scab lost his job,
Now, that Is ono case novor cited
by Mr. Easley, to provo how Socialism
hurts Ihe unions,
IIoro'H nnotlior: A fow yonrs ago
thoro occurred In Mllwaukoo a big
striko of tho moldors.
Tho omployors,attempted to Import
striko broakors and 1500 woro actually
brought, to tho city,
Tho omployors thon nskod tho city
authorities for specinl * polico to do-
fond thoso strike breakers,
Tlio Socialists In llm city council
Introduced  n resolution commanding
the mayor to refuse police protection.
They.also called into the galleries
of the city council^ practically all of
the representatives'of the tradedunion
movement. *
As a result they forced their resolution through, only one city councilman daring to vote against it.
As a' result • there' were no scabs
available ,to break that strike. That
is another instance not cited by Mr.
Easley to prove ,how Socialism hurts
the unions. ; „
,; Well, here's still another!   In 1899
James F. Carey, a Socialist member
of the legislature  of  Massachusetts,
laturc.   '".. *
The bill provided, that when an employer .advertised for men he should
state "whether or not they were required . for the purpose of breaking
Socialist Jim introduced that bill
every year for. five years, but it did-
not go through. The Republican and
Democratic politicians,- for some reason, didn't like it.
Aiid so it was not, until this year,
when another Socialist, named 'Morrill, went into the legislature, that
the bill was again introduced.
By the combined,, efforts of the
Socialists and trade unionists of Massachusetts the bill wns enacted Into
law- Mnrch 29 of this year.
The act i^, as follows:' "Section 1.
If an employer, during the continuance of a striko among his employes,
or during the conlinunnco of a lockout or other lnbor trouble nmong his
employes, or by himself or his ngonl
solicits persons to work for him to
fill tlio plnces of strikers ho shnll
plnlnly nnd explicitly mention in suoh
ndvorlisomcnt or oral or written solicitations thnt a Btrlko, lockout or other
labor dlfilurbnnco exists.*
"Section 2. If nny persons, firm,
association or corporation violates
nny provision of this act, ho or il
slinli incur a flno not exceeding ono
hundred dollars for ench offonso,"
Now, Ihnt is nnotlior Instance of
how Socialism hurts tho unions.
It is n striking Instance of how
political nctlon destroys tho unions,
■It. Ib n powerful-arresting, conclusive
demonstration of tho Implncablo hat-
rod SocIiiIIbIh havo-for the unions,
It Is so perfect and comploto a caso
tliut. I nm lost, in wonder why Rnlph
M. Ensloy of tho Civic fodorntlon
does nol glonl over tho passago of
thnl net,,
A Clean Man
OuUldo clcunliiK'ss U 1 (.-■,» limn hnlf  the iuittlc,    A mnn mny
II' Ir I i i      , "I,    I I ,'* I
*\,,\.,l   U. >»■-,»».   ~  i. a. *..   .......   ._  -■-»,,   ...   -   »...».    _^   ...... v4... •       *»»4>*
health mean» cIcaiilint-Hv not only outtide, hut "'mido.   It meeni
• clean ktomacli, clean ImwcU, clean blood, a clean liver, and
new, clean, healthy tissue-..   Thu man -who it denn in thi* wny
will look it nnd net il.    He will work with -nerjjy and think,
clean, clear, healthy ttiou^lit..
lie will never he inniblt-d with liver, lunfi, itomnch or blood
dUordem,   I)y*pu|-iki-i nml indigestion originate in unclean Mum-
tclis.   IH-.'i'I
!,r<? I'-im ! win: re  fin-re  .tt unAliMil  Hond.
ConmmptioM und bronchitis mean unclean lung*.
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
prryiitli. 111<• s.•_■ dUrtuo.    Il   nniLc-t u man'* imiilc* clean
aud hc-iUliy.   It vle-m* lite tli-Jculivu origin-*-, rii-tlmi pure,
cknii  hliuuL nnd c!c*m, henliliy flesh.
It  re«tofe*»  fone to the tuni-u* nynioin, umi cnn* ncrvou*. L-\li.i*tiii(,n nnd
prO!*.lr*ll<l*1.      ll ••!l!it,ii'.» III) >.'•> !.'...,i ti,   ,,.11,.latitat*,.!,h kit,..   .
Constipation is «l.. 1 o><.i iim 1c.-in untLanlinr-ts.    Ur. Pierce'* I'lmtanl I'd*
let* oure it.   'IVy u■-...r i'*.**.*    1*:-»y w til.c .1» cu-uy.
The Wail of the Workers
Throiigli the linos gono, wc hnvo tolled nnd won
The wonlth,'which you call your "own;
Our willing hiiuilH, in your hiiinh i'imhiiihiiiIh,
llnvi- hulhh-d for you 11 tlinino,
Wc hnvo tilled tho fields, but llii'lr Imiuiiioouh yields
You havo clnlnind, nnd llm bun nry throng
Hnvo cried for bread, nnd for mercy pled;
How long, 0 (Iod, how Ioiik?
Wo hnve lived ill wnnt, tlml )->u might  llu(iitt
llllll     >W ,11111    lit,, I     ill'lli    'U'M    >>> u.
Wi' !*,•,■-.'(• •■Iiwhi-d find "t',ivv(*d   while yon hnve (■nvv-d
Your vlniidH of luxury.
We hnve lived In cold nnd pnln untold,
While you leveled in inlrili mid Ming,
And we ruined our cry to Ihu pliying sky,
How long, (J ('oil, how lung?
We hnve til. il by ncor h, lu >-'ur shops und suir-h,
Tlmt >tiu m.gilt abide In ease.
We hnve glvon our lives, In your cruel gyves,
Thnt, you might your greed iipp'-nse,
We  hnv"  bnin-* our dt-uil from the liiiveln diviul,
Whero tliey perished In sin nnrt wnnic.
,1.11,1   u-i>   rrl-'il   ■>■•!   v.-   litwolfd   In1'the   I'Mlri'i'i'   I'd*Id.
How long, (1 liml, lum* long?
W*  hnve  ruiiered and  died, nml  i-eeu   cmicim.-ii;
We hnve Iti-lleil nud lmvo lurried mil,
And wn nnly ;i>|{ ihat you ease tile link
And lirf'-liten our rIn erlcss lot,
And  vmir im.*u-r Hint  we hiuhi  pmii-ul lc, 1
. ,1i .   :'.1 ;■.::■'.■   (il-am-   tiri-,1   ■"■tump,
Hit'   nor  ."ttcli'iit   willi   llu"  sklei nsiiiill,
How It,i,K, 0 Cod, !mw loii-i?
--Brick, TH" mid Tei 111 -"otln Workers' Journal.
when you purchase our Real
. Estate, for when you sign the
deed and we make the transfer
you are the gainer. Nothing
beats Real Estate as
We have property in various
desirable localities; either for
occupancy or investment, at
low rates.
Insurance and Real Estate
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold,. Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial  Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
PAID-UP  CAPITAL, $10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000
Interest'at the current rate is allowed on all deposits of $1 and ]|
upwards in this Department. , Careful attention is given to
every account.   Small deposits are welcomed;
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons,
withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor.   Full and clear written instructions  as. to  who is to
.*,     make the withdrawals should always  be  given  to0 the Bank   .
when opening accounts of this nature. '      .
L'._A. S. DACK. Manager, Fernie.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed  ...'. $5,575,000
Capital  Paid  Up    $5,330,000.00   Reserve. Fund    $5,330,000
Dl R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres:
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and,Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.,,
FERNIE BRANCH ,    * v. 'GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
Lumber,  Lath, Shingles, Sash, Doors
Fernie Opera House
ri   .   1   (- .
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr,
A   B|G  CUT
is what applies to this lumber
yard.    When  you. 190k  over
:,  the
-    we have on hand_forlsuDPly-_
I ing   the   building - demands,
you'll realize .wliat a* lot o£
"cross cuts" it took before it-
-was ..ready for market.
everything  arid   anything   in
the lumber line.
Phone 23 P. O. Box 22
Be Up4o-date and Equip Your Works with
I Canadian General Electric Co. I
Induction Motors
Hvury iiiiui r-oniiuclod wllh mlnliiR,
wlioiliur lm Ih ii laboror, nupoi'lriU*mt-
onl, innniiKor, nilnhiK onBlnoor or owner, In lutormitoil In hociii'Iiik idons tlmt
will Hiivo Iiim llnifl ntul iiiii ko moro
monoy for lilm .
An* orgmiiziillon Iiiih boon bulll up
nl. it IiIk cxpoinllt'iri- Dint Ih hcoiii'Iiik
tho mining world for monoy mnlcliiK,
monoy mivhiu Idc-iiH,
Tlin prolil'uiiiH Hint ono mnn ban
fiillml to koIvo nnotlior mnn Romowlieio
Iim. noil-nil mul ll I" Hu* wni'lr nf H-ilo
niTiinlznllnn tn Bonrcli out min Ini* pro-
lili'HiH mul Uiolr koIii!Ioiik, tn clnHHlfy,
iiiTiuiKu mul simplify thom,
Think wliat this nionitB—lt moniiH
thnt now It In porbIIiIo (or nny mnn
.   Full Information and .Quotations Cheerfully Furnished      J
Calgary Branch Office:'   ,325 A Eighth  Ave,   West |
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
Wo hnvo Jimt denrod our mimmor stock out nnd now wo nro
rendy to fit you up for (lio winter from hcnil to fool-, If you nro
looking for llio'future nnd intond .to navo your monoy purchnso
your Koods from un, "\Vo lmvo Just boimht tho Block of Mr. .TnnioB
Ilnddiiil nnd now wo nro onrryhiK n vory lnrgo ntoclc of inillon' and
KontH' furiilaliliiKB. TrimkH nnd viiIIboh, In fnct, ovoryllilng for
mon, wmnoii nud chlldron,
"   Our $1:25 Swonlor ContH lmvo no oqnnl.   Our $l,"li Pon Anglo
IIiidi'i'RiillH hnvo thom nil lionlmi,
Our riiiltn nro jimt tlio kind you nood for ntylo nndidiirnblllty.
Wo I'urry 11 liii'KO iihhoi'IuiiiiiL of llootn und SIkioh, Uio boul, Huloc-
linn Ihnl monoy nnd hrnliin cnn buy,
NVxl to Wltrwum Cumly Hlmij
Nc .t toN'mtlii'iMi \\t\U*
' # t\    tJt.nlx i'n    J li,.    til,..
.lm   cMinT-yt'iin     tltO
very woi'Miik plmiH Hint nro building
mlniiiK Kiu-ci'flrHi'B evfirywr-oro.
MInert nud Minora Ih do woll known
to overy mniinnnr, Htiporlnlond'.'nt nnd
conl mining orrit.'l-il thnl, It Is not no-
rr-HHiiry m iiinl.f. nny cxplmmllon of Its
ni-'i'lt fnr lliolr bcin-flt, Thoro nro
ninny, lowi'vir. wlio oro newrnniCTH
In Uu1 <iiiii.il,-, mid (ih Un.')' very probably would ill*-,' to cot Mono roftArdlng
miiiutti ilmliii*," with tlm miuinK in-
iluatry, wi- cii-i bay without fear of
fomrniiicil.iii dint '.his jmlillciitlon Ib
Mm very lust nf Hh kind,
Wo ii.-ivi.* jiui'io ftiriiiiRNnonts with
Uu; puliUhbi-ii; of tl la mnntlily to nmUc
hoiiio exceptInnnlly ndvnutngcous club-
li!-*!"- of fern*
MlnoH nnd Mlnornls onr yenr... .$2.ri0
Tlio TllHlilct T.oiIk(. ono yonr.... 1,00
Kxiniiliiiillon QuohiIouh for Cortlfl-
cut ob of Cotnpotonoy in Mining.,3,00
Combination pries $5.00,
Mines nnd Mlnornls, for ono yonr
12 big 13*1 piii.U iHimoH, nnd   Tho
DlHtrlct Li'ilRer for ono yonr, 62
li'Hiios, roRiilnr   prlco   for both,
f3.R0,   for $3,00
Mines nnd MIiictiiI.h, ono yenr.,..$2.fi0
Tbo DlHtrlct T-eilp-cr ono yenr.... 1.00
(■ml nnl Metnl Miners I'oclif-t
book.,, 3,00
I .Midlim  "Kiillty"  nt  London* huh-
TU Dutiia Uurscr Is thc place to
go lor your good work in the Job
. rintino Lin«,
Vn\*t--r. iiifod !M. made Uu*- foUr-wIni!
Hlntomciit: '"I cnmo out of . orllnnd
(whore h« had mrvf-d ihroc year**.'
ponul Hi-rvlludc) 011 Sulurdny, Aiigimt
0. I lind 10« -li], but wiion I ronchoil
homo only 7h nnd n low coppers woro
left. I found my fnthor nnd brothor
out of work nnd my alaler 10a bohlnd lu rent, I pawned tho milt ot
clotlioH. I hnd from I'ortlnml nnd
rnlHod IOh towm-dx tho ront on Mondny, Ou Tiieisiliiy my father and I
tilcil to ird work, niul wlu-n I uot
limn-- I pawned my unden-lnthln-.; fnr
supper. I tried my brut to Bet n
hlillllns o*ie wny or 1 ho other, but 1
could not, and on Tlmrmlny I went
out wltli tho Intention of utenllnp:. If
2 (OIlM b.'iVi' lllvlH' Ml 1 MUliM )i;uo
<\nt H-iir!-." Mr, r.o'*rM.*tnil, K (",:
'i'iint Ih no ext uyi.! for hU altn-.;. Twelve
y\ I)'..
Secretary-Treasurer of Illinois Miners
Urges Protection of Victory
by Political Power
By Duncan McDonald
(Secretary-Treasurer    District   No.
•*■" 12, United Mine Workers of A.merica.)
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Sept. 15.—The
great coal strike in Illinois is over
and the miners won out. Tliey se-
*., cured-what they were .demanding in
the matter of increased wages and so
forth, and the mines are again in
operation, and possibly some of them
will think that thc battle.is over and
will be satisfied to let things drift
along until another strike takes
place and then- the wholo program
will be gono over again.
But tho more thoughtful of, them
will be thinking of something else.
The more intelligent of them ..will be
thinking of some way to avoid theso
industrial struggles1, something that
'_wilj.prevent a repetition of this con-
' slant warfare tliat causes so much
hardship and suffering, so much want
and the fear of want; some remedy.
And where can this ■ remedy be
, found ?     - ■     '*,*,
What is.the next step?
Don't think for a moment-Unit the
fight is over or .that the operators
arc going ^to. be good and-"'let you
have your own'.way. They still have
the mines and unless, tliey can run
them ''at a profit they will not be
operated' at all.
Already they arc threatening to go
-into Uie courts and have some of the
,. laws declared unconstitutional, and if
' they can succeed ■ in having the - shot-
firing law,- tlie •"miners' qualification
law and a few other laws declared
unconstitutional, where, are you at?
Ready for Politics. 7„
Already they 'are preparing for the
■   next  campaign,   and   if  they  cannot
nej. hav.e   the- laws   declared  unconstitutional, thoy still have recourse to the
next legislature, and those who have
. "watched the'trend of events'in the
! past' sessions well know how legislation is "secured.*  Even if the '''bathroom  bunch"     is . not    returned   to
One Result of Building the Hudson's
* '■    Bay   Railway.
candidates, make the platform and
dictate the policy, don't come around
afterward and kick after it's all over.
Of course, you're going to'vote for
the good fellows, "the friends of labor"
who recognize no class distinctions,
who'worlc for capital and labor alike,
who never did, any wrong to labor.
Oh, no! Unless it was somo scheme
to hold up some employer, so that
they would" bo eligible for some of
tho "Jackpot." money.
Will, You Beg?
Aro you going, to send your lobbying committee around as usual to beg
for legislation or are you going .to
assert your right, at tlie ballot box
and send your own representatives
to the legislature? It's up to you*-
and if you don't do this, don't blame
anyone but yourselves.
During thc strike you stood shoulder to shoulder; you said: "No compromise." The next strike is going
to be at tlie ballot box. Are you
going to say the samo there?
, Will you say. "No compromise," or
are, you going to'turn"''scab'' on election day and compromise by electing
some two-by-four lawyer who is retained by some special interests, or
are you going "to stand by your class
and elect men from your own ranks
to represent, you with instructions to
stand "pat" and* make no compromise.
Tlie trades unionist who will vote
for a non-union man on election day
is no better than the' ordinary,'-everyday scab who only scabs when the
other fellow is on strike.
Both travel in the same class, except the fellow who scabs on election
day scabs against (.he- whole work-'
ing class.      '*   ',
Already wo see some so-called "representatives of labor" out working for
Lee O'Neil- Browne and such other
friends of labor. These renegades,
who are a disgrace1 to' the trades
union movement, should 'have their
cards taken from them and' branded
as the" greatest enemies the work:
ing class ever had. '
The samo individfials ""make *' the
same rounds overy. year,-and,, no
doubt, they"'get their share of "the
"jackpot.' .'after thoy have done their
jdii-.ty_.wo rk—an d—b g tr-ay e d—t li e-^worki n _**■
-. HALIFAB, "Sept. 2*1.—A* great enlargement of the niarket for Cape
Breton coal as well as for the. steel
products of Nova Scotia is foreshadowed in a statement made today
by General Manager Butler, of thc
Dominion Steel corporation'. Mr.
Butler was asked how the" building
of the Hudson's Bay railway would
effect the coal and steel industry of
Cape Breton by providing a new route
for transportation into the interior of
Canada of tho coal and steel industry in Canada. He replied,'1 "Tlie"
Maritime Provinces will benefit more
than any other part of Canada by the
building of this railway excepting
only tho part of tho west to be immediately served by it. When the
Hudson's Bay railway .is completed,
it is .likely that the coal" shipped from
Sidney or Louisburg can be laid down
at Port Nelson or Fort Churchill,
whichever may be the terminus of the
railway at a freight cost of about $1
per ton, 'which railway freight from
tlio terminus of Hudson's Bay to
points within a reasonable radius in
the west. The freight to such points
should be about ?3 per ton. Tlie selling price for Capo Breton coal when
this new route is available should
compare favorably, with tlie pi'esent
prices of American and Western Canada coal there." .    '
Mr. Butler'gavo it to be understood
that by this new route Cape Breton
coal'could compete in the market of
a large part of Ontario as well as of,
Manitoba and other parts of the west.
In fact, the long expected era of selling- Cape Breton coal in Ontario
seems to be at* hand.    ,
*' '      .      '       ZONE.
' and the others don't go to jail, the
samo' influence that has corrupted
the legislature for lo theso many
• years is still at large and, as in the
past, will furnish,all tlie "slush fund"
necessary tp secure the legislation
u    they desire.
lU>    •' What Will You Do?
And what are you going to about
it? You who havo more ilian SO p?r
cent of Uic .votes,'are you going to
permit tlio' fow omployors, with less
thnn 20 per cent of tho votes, to
dictate the terms? It's up to you, but
if you lot tho other fellow namo the
class for "their 30-pieces of silver."
Let the next striko be for tlio full
product of j*our labor, tlie right to
own your own job, the right to live
as an American citizen ought to live.
This striko can be made without going hungry,,,without being thrown out
of your (?) house, without being
threatened with the injunction, and
if you don't do your duty, don't
claim to bo a full-fledged union man,
as you . have only- learned the first
principles The roal trades. unionist
will voto as he struck—IN THE INTEREST OR HIS CLASS.—Tho Chicago Dally Socialist.  .
Complaint  Is Published, in  Papers of
* Old Country About the Exodus.
WASHINGTON, ' Sept. 19.—Too
many Irish are' leaving Ireland this
year, in the opinion of the home government, A clipping from an Irish
journal, forwarded here by Deputy
Consul J. S. Armstrong, Jr., of Cork,
says: "The Irish emigration statistics prove unsatisfactory; 1S61 persons, left this country during July as
compared with 1,602 for' July of last
year, an .increase-of 259. Of .the emigrants 1,097 were males and 764
females. In all 20.S16 persons have
left Ireland ' during * the first seven
months of 1910; an increase of 2,047
in the same period in* 1907. .    "'*    ■
The total' immigration last year was
2S.677, nnd with the second lowest on
record for six decades. If the same
mainder of this year, emigration will
reach nearly 32,000 for this year."   ,
GREENSBURG, Pa., Sept. 18.—"'If
there is any trouble, get-a line on the
man you want and shoot him. We'll
back you to the last cent.' That's
what the company tells us,"
A drunken .deputy, not too intoxicated, however, to forget that he is
a hireling of tlie brutal coal corporations of'"the" Irwin aiid Greensburg
fields,- let slip this* startling bit of
information-within thc hearing of a
well known union organizer while on
the way from this city to one of the
miners' camps.
The armed boot-licker was glorying
in 'his ■ employment, displaying his
commission from the,bullying barons.
Miners'   Homes  Outraged.
His words characterized the base
methods employed by the barons to
defeat the laboring mon in their fight
for living wages. "Win at any cast,"
has been their slogan and Ihey aro
attempting to put it into effect. Outraged camps, beaten men and women,
warrants, arrests, justices offices,
jails and courts all tell the story of
tho law of the club and. gun, tlmt is
being used by the oppressors in their
heartless strife.
But the strikers are more determined than- over. Public sympathy
has been won for them and their victory is only a matter of" time.       - •
Tho entire local coal, field today is
ttie scene of numerous enthusiastic
demonstrations in spite of the efforts
of the barons' deputies to break up
the camps.
Madison was the gathering point for
the largest assemblage of * miners.
Vice President Van Bittner, of the
Pittsburg district, and Thomas Flynn,
organizer" of the* American Federation of Labor, were, the principal
speakers of the meeting".
Heath, Crabtree, and Jamison Nos.
3 and' ;l strikers assembled *at Dowey-
■ Alexandria and New Alexandria
striking miners held' a meeting at
New* Alexandria. , «.
Madison," it' was reported, was - to
be the meeting place for a monster
demonstration of miners from all over
the field: However, this plan was
put" aside, owing to' tlie tricks of the
deputies.* Instead of the original plan-
meetings .were scheduled for different camps so that the miners would
not be-drawn any great distance from
any one of .them. Tho reason for
that was given out today by Organ-
ins,..—C5l. rt ... ...1. rt_««:.3  -
i-jci—una ity"-*,! ilv/   Bclii.lt     ' *
more each'day* throughout the .field,
as" is- shown by the number of demonstrations  held   this  afternoon.
There is, however, the crying.need
of clothing and shoes, especially for
the helpless children. Many of them
have started to the schools in the
neighborhood of the camps, but some
have long" walks and are compelled
to go barefooted. While they can do
this on the warm days, they w_ll* be
compelled to stop when the weather
becomes colder.
They and iheir parents are hounded
on all' sides by the bullying barens
and their criminal tools. The d*epu-.
ties are feared most.    Aii organizer j <*
THe Cash Grocer
had  this  to  say    in.   comparing  the
deputies' and the state police:
""If the state.police are withdrawn
the lives, of the strikers and their
families will be in more danger. We
Would rather have the deputies relegated and the ..troopers placed ill-
authority, for the. deputies are the
ones who are fully inflamed."
Angered because of tlie deception
practiced on them":by tlie hirelings of
the haughty coal. barons, 48 men
threw down their picks and walked
out of tlie Herminie mines of the
Penn Gass & Coal company this morning.
The men, who started to work only
yesterday coming from South Sharon
and Brooklyn, were promised free
rent, in* tlio company houses. They
nlso were told that there was no
striko. Conditions were of* courso
found to be just the reverse and it
didn't, tako the new men long to
make up- their minds as to what to
If you want the best let ust sup- !
ply.you.                                  " i
That you can always depend upon, j
0 La  Crcme.  Wafers.   . ;
Q^Maplo Wafers.                    <* ,'
fl'Vater'Ice. Wafers.     7 j
2 Graham .Wafers. ,
"     In sealed tins only.'    , '•■
§                    FRESH  FRUITS
a for table and preserving at lowest i
2 prices. j
•*     You are missing a  treat, when ]
X you do not use SPECIAL BLEND j
W TEA. !
Fall and Winter Goods arriving |
daily,  -Men's Negligee, Tweed and j
Flannel Shirts,    , f
Natural Wool Underwear. ■ «
,    " WOOD'S *'  I
Unshrinkable All-Wool Underwear. |
PENMAN'S" '.    I
Underwear, the . reliable. '    I
Men's and Boys' Sweaters, ,     |
Hosiery, Gloves, 1
Caps and Shoes. e
A full range of patterns. J
Our made-to-measure Suits and Overcoats are unsurpassed', pur |
» guarantee goos with every order taken. Satisfaction or money re- j
0 funded, ' ■ .
Cure.—A _uoi >, Noe uassait-il son
temps dans l'arche?
Gamin.—A Ia peche.
Cure.—Uno ideo tres admissible,
mon enfant. o ■■*    '
Gamin,—Mails il n' attrapa guere de
Cure,—Qu'esl-ce qui te fait croiro
Gamin,—Puisqu'il n'avait qu'uno
couple de vers!
Are You Going to Build?
The September' number * of "The
Athletic World" magazine has just
reached this office. In up-to-date spoil
affairs and illustrations it is strikingly' stronger than tlie August Issue",
which created such a favorable impression -ns^a Canadian athletic and
outdoor periodical covering all
branches of sport in Canada, with a
liboral number of sport happenings
over the world' generally.* We predict a full measure of success for
"Tlie Athletic World" in "its able efforts to espouse the ' cause of good
sport in this Dominion.
excellent, and the Bohemian ring of
"Fishin's Good" will find an echo
with many even of the most said.
"My Little Fisherman,".-will, his wonderful story of tho monster ihat got
away appeals to tho sympathies of
all, while the "Evening Chorus" is
equally good. The issuo should be
found with every shooting party this
N. A. Richardson, in' his book en
titled "Industrial Problems," quoting,
from an old, document issued by "the
school board of Lancaster, O., in 1S28,
"You arc welcome to use the school
house to .debate all- proper questions,
but such tilings as railroads and telegraphs are impossibilities and rank
infidelity. There is, nothing in the
Word of God about them and if God
¥ __
* House
___T_ ■_■ W**g*****F**********^^
and   ,  Office
ers,   Wedding
Plants, Funeral Flow-1 *
Bou- J
*     54-
Long: Distance Phono  577
Your (ii-iU-vs will rm-ive prompt nt-
iriilioii-uid ymi will lie plciis-ud willi
wli.-il wc sum! ymi. i
' With the opening of the bird shooting season tlie September number of
Rod and Guj. in' Canada, published
by W. J. Taylor, Limited, Woodstock,
Ont., gives -a number of delightful
stories dealing with (Jays amongst the
ducks, geese, woodcock and. prairie
chickens — experiences which will
cause many a thrill to sportsmen
reading- them. Numbers will be* able
tb duplicate, in'remembrance, many
of these published experiences, 'and!
in this .way Jive ovei; again, red letter
litrimg   in      tlioir"     hictni-iog      .Ynril'tv
haft designed that his intelligent crea-j*^     *********************
should  travel   al   "--   •* ■•~'-"*--1 ■
speed of 15 miles,an
the  frightful j
hour by steam j
he would havo clearly foretold by his I **************************
Holy prophets. ** It is a device of
Satan to lead immortal souls down to
■*- .J.r_D_niieT__?.
•xg&fe «?» PRODUCTS MV
iw»F   wamjtiiiy, One Great Problem
'""; £*''     Before You Ia YOUR ROOF
To settle it right will envc you cost of repnira nntl a new roof—ro
settle it wrong means dissatisfaction from tlie start,
You read mnnv extravagant claims; you arc frequently con
fronted witli high-sounding guarantees; you have heard of
countless brands of roofings, but there's only one way to tell       ^
thc good from thc bad.   Muhe Ihem   ^ >^
show you wlidl they've done. •***«• .^ »
We nre ready to show you  actual •" **»• ^,      J
building.-,   in   your  neighborhood where ' '| fjljij;,"
NEPONS];.T PAUOID Hoofing has been on TlB'
roofs for years. The money saved in repairs moro 1^
thnn offsets the difference in price between HI lii)
NKPONSKT Roofings and thc cheaper kinds. Hack of Bird NJ'TONSKT Products nre records
of long service and 115 years of experience in one line of business. Wc originated thc ready
roofing idea and make different roofings for different classes of buildings.
for yenr tarns, ]K>r»try WMnj-r., rte., c*vcfi tmice t<;«»! to ikl of Wjncf.t g^ne nMnflts
Unlike »liincl-.'», It re»UU fire, dnein't blow o(T or
dcttdoritf.      Ni:VONSET   PAROH)   !*m  \*«n  In
icrvlt-fl f'ir twdve yean on United Stat.-i (Invfrnment,
Hallmail, Industrial and Farm DuiMlnr*, In nil clL
■mate***-. If It ir-ecU these severe conditions, it will
nurt-ly meet your*.
NCCondcT PR0SLATE IWIaf and SMi»r, for dwell.
In-ji and all other bulMinfn where artlmic reiiulu aro
desired. It U mure attractive than (hinRlei, wean like
ilite, m-ike* tn MtractJve.looklti-j wof, remUt-a fire, mvci
money and alwoyi gives satisfaction. It may bo used
on exterior walls in many attractive ways.
For such poultry buildiiu;s, liromlerliounes, slu-dsand
trmrwirary iHiilding* a* r-i-oulr* a U)w.c«»it ruling, ym
ili-nil-l use NCoi'OCT RUD-ROPR Raafinj ratlier tli;m
tarred fells—more satisfactory In every way—it lias
l«fj the Standard low .ust rrxifinvr for 25 ve-irs.
■NCP0N6CT DWCK WATERPROOF Bulldln-. P«p«-, under
claplxurds, shingles, slale, metal, etc., lunula, s against
exterior heat, cold and dampness, lt c«ts little and
cuts the fuel liill rme.thlrd every winter,
NtMuBCT FL0RIAN Soa»-D«ai««l«r F«h, for (l<».n,
partitions, etc., to deaden sound. J>l« times u cOwient
as ordinary deadening- felt.
Th:* or* lott* and nol tlaimt-torlt* n« end me will pieo* *e*ty ttaUnttnt
Consult Our Building Counsel Department
Ti-ll ui th* nature ol th« huildl-ats yoa wornaa ie ercet m f«p»ir anil wu'll (. nd yoa tha BIRO NEKWSKT fta-nic -srlilrh
Smu your sSIclsl ea*?. Th""* iriWafcrsTolD1IUJ NRTONSET I-KOdOcWana-rebate. » yan doo'l k»owlh.on«la
your loeiliir. wrlia as and wall tell tea.
F. W. BIRD & SON, 521 Lottrldffo St., Hamilton, Ont.
■•Ubllahott 17«f. OH*In-a-toro of Oomplo-to Roady Itootlnir sind Watocproof Vulldln-r Paper*
Wlnalper, IU Danaatpw St.       UaoUcal
Bart Walpol*- -"»*»•     N«" York
St Join, N.D,, 144 Unlets St       VaatMw, B, C
WasM«i|i»M     Chleafo      Porlla-id, Ortfoa
Dare  Not Leave Camps.
"The .-conditions are such "throughout* tlie" strike zone tliat tho striking
men do not dare leave their camps,
or tho deputies will raid  tliem. .
"Why, just a 'short timo ago tho
men left Xew Alexandria' camp, and
in thoir absence deputies boldly abducted a woman in - broad daylight.
Tliey compelled her to* leave three
children, ono a babe at the breast,
and without shoes and stockings on
her feet, brought her in here ten
miles niul lodged her in jail.
"They managed to bold her hore
two days beforo .she could be discovered. Mon came horo to the offices of the company nnd asked the
whereabouts of the missing woman.
The deputies lied and snld the worn-
nn had gono back that evening to tho
"Through the black night, ono of
tho loyal strikers walked bnck ovor
tho ten miles to learn tho truth of
tho statement. Ho found It utterly
false. The womnn wns still gone.
Ho wnlkod bnck' hero and thoy
found tho womnn In tho county jail.
Thon thoy bailed lior out.
"Hut before thoy could tnke lior
back to the camp the men hail to
purchase shoes nnd stockings and
provide a monl."
Beat Sick Woman.
Organizer Shaw received reports
from tho Snlomvlllo enmp yostorday
nftornonii. Ho said that tlio woman
who wns beaten up whilo sick Is Htlll
HiiKorlng between life nnd death.
"Tho troiiblo botwoon tho strlkerB
nnd tlio doputloH ovor tho arrosl, of
men hns been caused mostly through
John Doe warronts," Biild Shaw, In
spooking of tho bruto lilrollngB' notions,
"Tho unscrupulous oporntors hnvo
hired splos, who lonvo tho mlnns,
walk Into the enmps ot the minors,
nnd signify their denim to become
union men. Then Ihey walk out, ro-
turn to lho .offices of lho oporntors,
nnd sny the minors nt tucked thom.
Immediately .lolni Don wurrnntH nrn
Ifiiiued ior tlio finest of somo of the
"Tho deputies (hen comn, They
outer (ho enmp, single out 11 miin or
mi'ii, nnd prnci'Oil to plnco film or
tliem unilor nrrest.' Al the snmo time,
If they lmvo n rlinnro thoy try to
dotitroy the enmp.
Bosses   Enter  Camp*.
"I'll, nnd ynrd Iioshoh nml siiperln-
U-ixlontH of lliu operators' mliies no
with   tho  deputies   Into   tho   rnmpi*, 1
Kvory tlmo tliey do, tlmy nro the first
(O   hliiii   ii'i«;   iliiililic,      Thftil   (ilii   '''■-'■ ,
putlOH nnd (ho troopi-ru bnck Uicm',
up. The Htrlldiu,' miners will rer-clv-''
no jiiHiIre so loner ns those mlne|
Ijoshos nro pcrmlttod to 'i'ontor thei
"Yt'Klenlny llio deputies wero running nbout one ctimp with el^ht Joint |
Dno wnrrnnts.    A  t'loso  wntch   wns *
tnken  thnt   no trouble wns  stnrled. |
The deputies rnn tliroiiRli (he enmp
for the nlleged  offenders  nnd  were
forced lo lenve, cliriKrlncd over their'
Innblllly to arrest nny ntrilier.   Yet i
they-hnd Ronn out to thnt enmp with'
nuininobib-K, fully i>rt-**.it.ri*d to pull 111 *
fionie more of (lie men and bent Hum
up ff they Imd a chance.
"The handsome sum of flO.oftO tit
expected hero by lonlKht for the nld
of Iho "striken. More money la (o
follow Immediately after tho receipt
of thla nmount."
Knthuslaam   !•   srowlna; moro nnd
marks this production, every iover of
the outdoors, whatever his particular
taste, receiving attention. The story
of two. young moose, one of, a pet
raccoon, the efforts of an amateur to
trap a bear, particulars of the Ameri-'"
can bison, tho Alpine club's' last camp
and some dog loro show the manner
in which tho magazine covers the
wide  variety    of    Canadian  outdoor
lifo.   Tho verses in this number are
Tlie northern-shipyards, 50,000 now
and*in a few weeks 150,000.        'J   *
Welsh  miners, 12,000 now oxil;  on
a -national strike, 200,000.
, Tlio  Lancashire    cotton    factories,
A oOTOpO-aiid-ultimately-aOO^OOO;	
So that if. the present disputes are
not settled about 050,000 men will
either be locked out' or on strike in
a short time.
The Creston Fruit anil j
Produce Association
Het'.'iilers please Note that ovd-
ei-s ior riieT'iiIums l'rot-tun
Tomatoes now in
*  ■"...Season
We certainly applaud tho suggest ion
of tlio Edmonton Journal to "Stick
to the Trade -Hark." "Klaoln slu-diil
Hrd." An excellent brand for either.
Saskatchewan or Manitoba wheat
when it is a question of "pie,"
'A. Lindley, Box 27 Creston *
For bnll programs, banquet menus,
and up-to-date printing of all kinds
come to The Ledger office.
In the vicinity of these two
places we have some first
class Fruit Farm Lands
that will bear the closest
inspection. The wise plan
is to examine before buy-
ing so B YYY,    I am tak
ing   parties from time to
C "T^ni"
*      ' <,'       -."   •       .!   -
®l)t list* tet ittyw
Published every Saturday morning at its office, Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00 per year in
advance. An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation in'the District. Advertising rates oi) application. Up-to-date facilities for the execution of all
kinds of book, job and color work. _ Mail'orders receive
special attention. Address all communications to The
District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
WE lrad expooU-d that in this issuo opportunity
would have- been afforded us to aeqiuvint
our readers.1 many of whom are particularly ex-
peelaii'l.'V.-ith the contents of the auditor's report
, of ihe city financial status but this we are unable
to do af present as the council informed us through
it chief executive that it was deemed inadvisable
-   to make it public owing to the discovery of dis-
,   crcpancics that had'materially decreased the reported shortage, lending color to the belief that
" possibly further "investigation might disclose clerical- errors accounting for the' entire presumptive
deficit. He assured us that all possible haste.was
being insisted upon looking to a final disposition.
We make this explanation lest our patrons might
consider us dilatory in furnishing the news to
which the citizens of Fernie arc entitled to be fully
apprised of.
This we do say ^either.in a-querulous nor captious critic frame of mind that the prolongation of
the publication of, this report is giving rise to all
sorts of .rumors and like a boil, the sooner it is
brought, to a head the better for the community,
whereby these hole-in-the-eorher commentators
'may be silenced. .'    ' ■      _
Tliere has been considerable talk about the formation of a Purity league of 25 citizens, but so far
we have not* se,en any particular evidence of their
-' activity.      * ' . ,,        -    ,   *
Mayor Herchmer certainly threw down the
gauntlet at Thursday night's-meeting without any
visible sign of any of the onlookers showing a
desire to take it up. Tn view of the multiplicity
of street reports, that are in circulation w-e must
,:    acknowledge it was a bold move and should result
else-this community can boast of a quota,of .invertebrates totally lacking the courage of espousing their own assertions.
The council chamber is an excellent and proper
arena for the ventilation of civic subjects ancl if
any rate-payer considers that nny representative
of the administration has been derelict, in his duties
or false to his oath of office, there and then is
tlie time* and place to air his criticism, void <;f
personalities with an honest intent to ascertain
thc bottom facts regardless of friendship or other
affiliations and an eye single to the truth and
nothing hut the truth.
so that it would be similar to the impression they
would receive had they, seen it for themselves.
And if this is so difficult about things that are in
themselves definite and exact, how much more
difficult is it when you try'jto convey impressions
about things that are ia themselves definite-and
elusive—sueh as purpose, and motive, and general
character? 7     ■
So think twice, before you are "frank" about
people's'characters, or about what they ought to
do, or about something they have done.
Pause before you blurt your ■ "frankness"
forth. Pause not only ■ twice, but pause many,
many times. And even then pause. And after
you have paused all you want," come to tlie determination that you' will put off thc thing that
you feel strongly ought to be said till next you
meet your victim. For tlie person to whom you
would tell your healthful and improving thing is
really your victim—if you. only knew it.
It gives you extreme pleasure to speak your
mind. You feel that you are honest. You live in
a world where everybody is afraid!
And after you have spoken your mind you feel
how good you are. And you go off feeling that
the people to whom you have spoken out straight
really like you in their heart of hearts;
But don't believe any such thing. Even the
fools who say how candid and honest you are only
say this when you are candid and honest about
people other than themselves. But as soon as you
.try your candor and honesty upon themselves they
wish you .very much further. In-fact, my. good
person, nobody really likes you*. They are only
afraid of your tongue.'
I don't deny that you are honest. But honesty
doesn't excuse maliciousness. The fact that you
are honest makes a hurt none the less a hurt.
Stop it, my-friend; let-people alone. The world
existed'long before you came into it; and if it has
luck, it will exist long after you do it the honor
ofr relieving it of your plain and. candid presence.
You complain' of people going on devious lines.
I agree., They do* go on devious lines. But the
world itself is.built on lines-that are difficult to
So pause,, my friend, before you, strike people
with your plain' and candid statements.   Think! *
And again tliink!
—Bart Kennedy "Answers."
The above extract is such a clear, forceful and
pimple exposition of characteristics so common in
human society that we make"no apology for the'
pillage,* but commend its-perusal to all our readers as it is pregnant, with truth that everyone of
-4 £_!_-__ __/\.__\_?ft ii-fr- tinAlr.-ii-iiy _■ /**■__"■•*•» *i***/*Y
LOi_v_~iu-iir;aL v~ »ac^JVJi-i^i-*Lv—pj. O
, *P-i f->]i a v nl i \i.
HE is just n bull in a'chinn shop, TTe takes
delight in, telling you what,you don't wnnt
lo know. People call him the frank person, but I
would call him the malicious person. For that is
really all he i.s. Beneath his bluff, hearty, honest,
ingenious manner is n desire to wound.'
1 don't sny thnt he knows Hint ho is malicious,
lie, perhaps, honestly ■'reels thai he was intended
for Ihu purpose of selling the world straight.
Hut lhe world doesn't want, to run straight. The
world likes to take Uie line of least resistance.   In
"fact, the world likes to take ihings ns easily as
possible till it, is forced to do otherwise,  •
But tho frank persons likes lo run his head
nRn inst. rocks. Tlo has got it into his head that if
there is something unpleasant to be seen, or to lie
known, it i*** well <-> go miles out of your way to
sen it, or it is well lo ferret nnd ferret till you
have found out the tiling tliat it was Jiuicli belter
for you not to have known.
• ii
AVli-'iievcr ymi hrnr n ihiiii or womnn say, "f
'always speak my mind," stop not on llio order of
your (loing. but go! Kly! These frank ami eiunliil
pci'MHiN nre nol persons for you lo know---lliat is,
if ynu di'sii-e any pence of mind, For as sure as
you stay with thein. Ihey will as surely lell you
Koinclliiin*r Hint will iipm**! you or make you squirm.
Tliey have bc.-.i lining (his for yenrs, And they
lime developed i'i g .iius. for making p-.*<*pl-* l'-*<-l
uiicoiiifortabli! mid ill at ease.
If llioy dou't say anything .-undid and niipleas-
iml about you tlu-y will say il about your fi'ii-iu!.'*.
So luive nolhing to do wiih lln-in. When you see
UK-ill, go!    Fly!
I jie H'iiiiK pi.-r.ioii ,t 11.im*.or,-..-, tt. iik, umi, •_*.__,•
IlllpltUclil  i-gotinlil.    ilC n-L-cft mus oi   (in.  nuiii.X   .-,..]« a
or fneets of a thing, and lie spenks of tin; side or
facet  thai  he sees as though il worn lhe whole
lliing,    Ho is definite ln-nuis.' he is stupid.    W'ofo
i.   ,     ,.      ..       ,,       • i . i -
niii] did lie* realize the essentia! eoiili'iiili'-tnriiiicss of
Ihings, he would not be definite. A wise mnn is
never definite in his .summing-up of! anything. For
he realizes that there are always mysterious margins- flic e.vfeiit of w!ii*'b it ii impossible for him
to ■•'•.input*.'.
'ihe truth is not i_.wtk.VH tlie (nitli. You may
make an exaet -statement, and Mill you may convey a ftilso iiiiprf.-Ksion, In h word, you may lie
when y<»it «r*e telling thc truth. Tor you may lmvo
...y.*s U_.it i-fiti'1 .ve j-rojifriy, or y.-n it.y V,nv_ r*
Ittiinl tlnal '»■» nikikUli' •>■«• dt.it v_.llt. v.h.U > nil Li'.''
.seen. If is th<r- hftr<_-».t thing in the world !•• <---!i-
\t-y lo f.ei.ph- an Htip_'e--.i*-!i of what you have -,-,■..
T"\Y0 Englishmen taking photos of a fortress
wore recently arrested in Germany charged
with espionage,.and when it was discovered they
were prominent naval officers the matter..was
brought to the British authorities. ° It was indignantly, denied that they.were paid spies of,the'
government, hut had been granted a leave of absence for tlie purpose of studying foreign languages. To accept the statements "made in Germany" would certainly be an impossible admission
because of its unpatriotic character.
The next feature of this hypocritical farce is
exceedingly amusing to oue possesses a sense of
humor. A German lieutenant named ITclm is arrested because he is believed to-be a spy in thc
naval part of Portsmouth. "When his ease is
brought to the notice ol! his home authorities thoy
likewise emphatically repudiate the assertion that,
he is a spy and, strange to sny, probably believing
that "imitation is the sincercst form of flattery,"
also advance as the reason for thin officer's presence in thc eity on the Hoe that ho litis been
granted a leave of absence on a foreign mission
for the purpose of adding to his knowledge of the
English language.
Tiemnrknble coincidences!   It is to laugh!
The next scene should discloso n most touching
scene with tlio usual oscillatory nccompanimonts,
the fanfare of regimental hands, tho loud acclaim
of thc populace, of a meeting of King Goorgo,
decked out as nn officer of the Prussian Uhlans
with his imperial undo, Kaiser Wilhelm, whose
uniform is that of the Prince of "Wales Own, the
Tenth Hussars, of which ho is Honorary Colonel,
These two monarchs express undying off col ion
for each oilier loudly proclaiming lho porninnoni-r
of the bond ol! brotherhood by which their two
g'n-n'l nn I ions nro cemented, lu lhe menntimo the
politicians at lho behest of the rulers of the re-
spool ivo count rics are counselling iimroasod expenditure for armament so ns lo bo ready in tIn*
event of a lu-'-nkout of hostilities.
The hollow' mockery,,, the rank hypocrisy ami
the sonliiiientiil sloh-dobhery is ludionious lo all
save a myopic tuft hunter.
Men's Clothing
This stock is full    of   new up-to-date Suits and
Overcoats.   Prices $10.00 to $32.50.
Men's  Furnishings
Jaeger Underwear, Jaeger Coat Sweaters, Jaeger
Dress Gowns, Jaeger Caps, Jaeger Socks, Stansfield's
Underwear, Monarch' Coat Sweaters^ All new and
first class in every .particular. -
Ladies Read-to-Wear
Ladies' Coats, Ladies' Suits, Ladies'. Skirts, Children's Coats, Infants' Coats/ Largest and choicest
selections we have" ever carried. Come and look them
over. The styles will please you. The prices are
right.    ' ; ! -" .  .'    .
Boots and Shoes
New Fall Goods in all lines, Men's, "Women's and
Chidren's.   Our prices will please you.
Dry Goods
Everything in Dry Goods, large or small. Dress
Goods, Staples, Fancy Goods, Notions, Knit Goods,
Furs, Imported for this fall's trade. New, clean and
interesting.   It is a pleasure to show them.
Grocery  Department
* n        . • -i
Wc are now prepared to fill all orders for preserv-
, ing fruits at lowest prices.
Italian Prunes, box ...', .' '. .85c
Freestone Peaches, box .......'..-. $1.20
Crahapples, box ...;... ...  .$2.20
* Concord Grapes, basket   .** 90c
Green Tomatoes, Kipe Tomatoes and Sweet Potatoes just in and "good stock. (   , . -   .
The Trites-Wocd Co., Limited
Our stock of haying tools is complete. Forks, Hand Rakes,
Scythes and Snaths, Grind Stones' Whet Stones, Wrenches,'
Machine Oil and Oilors, Deoring Mowers and Horse' Rakes.
Mail or phone orders receive careful attention.
J. M. AGNEW & Co.
ELKO,   B. C.
You aro now going through this world for tlio last tlmo:
Why Not
llvo on tlio best, and nothing but tho best, and go to
The 41 Market Co.
for your requirements In Moats, FroBU Killed and Government .Inspected; Fish, Butter, Eggs, 11am, Bacon, Etc.
8. Graham, Local Manager
The Two
Now Under New Management     t *•** '
Catering to the Worklngman'a Trade
Large Airy Rooms and Good Table
Electric Lighted „ Steam Heated
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water „ L, A. Mills, Manager
iii'.i'-i.S'i' i-itMj xt I w-jtiuj..  Mii'i^p}i-,'i'n  I'li'iitl  at
Kosslnnd, it. ('., resulting in tlie total collapse of llm proseeulion regiirdU'*-.*-. uf the -seemingly
iiii-oiitrovertihlo elm-meter   of!   the   ovideneo hns
1 - ■   i   ii    • * .. ii.. i ii	
indeed Noii.e inexplii-nhle pneiilinritioH eonnecti'il
with the litii.wtion im-idcitt to the, hnndlini*; nml
Wlio <»f the jirnhihited poppy pfodtlet.
The ease of See Ili>\v, wlio win arrested ns n
ri-Milt of n mid mmli» hy thc poliro ehiii'ired with
selliiiij. the dnijr in definnee of lrj»nl inhibition,
; im*. ...•-•i* di»|-->M<l of hy the lilit'i.Uiuu of the ac-
eiw-il <-miM-(|ueiit upon the tof-'mi _ilily of whnt
euji\tilut<-> it wile.
YVV uw iititkmu a. full investi^iitiim Into tlltf
■uhi.V pr-v'i-edijjjp. ^h'xch w_ may ■prwrnt l-*-* «liiv
■v.i\,[.,- v_l.v_i _.._• ___■.•._■,' uf f.u.U -lUviuIy in, oui*
prt>-,<->si<iii in*** Mtpploinpntnl by sonic ndditionnl
.mtlioriuiiv.. information. > ■■.
: \ ii'UMii'H
If thoro Ib anything wrong or seemingly wrong with ony-
thing ovor nont out from this store wo want to know lt. An
old philosopher uboiI to Bay: "I llko a man who fights mo,
Ho tenches mo iuul lu-lps mc. If ho Is strong enough to bang
the ovorlastlng tar out of my hldo I get a chnnco to find out
whoro I wns wonkor than I thought," And tho samo thing
holds good with this huslnoHS, Wo want to know whoro It can
bo Improved,
Wo havo unloadod thla wook ono enr of Iron Plpo, nnd aro
now proparod to fill any ordor ontrnstml to us. promptly,
A ear of Rtoves and "Rnamol Waro nlso received. Wo fool
Hiiro wo can supply the Heater you aro looking fqr. Tako a
look In our window as you pass; plenty moro Inside too,
a Shave, a Game oi Poo) or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
. „        __- .
KuII Stock of Smokers'Goods Always on Hand
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Builders
0[m-.i for rill klii-l-* of lLii*liii'.**.s
in their line
Addroas Bex 97
Barber  Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
First clait work guaranteed.
Drop In and aortvlrtee yourself,
fittor Honing « Specialty.
O.   HADLAUD,   Proprietor,
■ -*tl
mmf 1? .
PAGE FIVE      }
>V. -■¥¥¥¥¥¥V¥***_m
'.'-_"'.'--.■".■'* - * ','■•' " - - '     • ' -. ,   » i
I News  of The   .district Camps 1
■'-'.' *;_, ■___Kl^ >■
-t ,A happy crowd left here last Saturday full df hope and enthusiasm
to play the game at,Cranbrook for
the semi-final in the Mutz cup. Alas!
Alack!    "They went down, with easy
grace" and but let us 'draw a
veil o'er the scene. Cranbrook, 1;
£oal Creek', 0.7 , So the7 "Banana
Bunch" will appear in the finals.
The'football'smoker billed for the
24th has been postponed.   Due notice
■ will be given when the exact date for
holding it is determined upon.
■ Get your funny clothes ready.' On
October 20th there will "be a masquerade ball in the Club hall and
prizes will be awarded for the best
characters or worst, as the case may
■ l*. . • "
, We have no "birdmen" up here-yet,
still although we cannot boast a flying machine as    the    druggist says,
."we, have something just as good."
It Is becoming quite commonplace to
see, mine cars' hurtling over the incline at No. 1 North arid bringing up
in French camp. Eight cars in 12
hours is going some sure.
Tom,Branch, of the engineering department at Michel, was a visitor,up
here Thursday renewing old acquaintances.    '.-n "
A   Big   Double. Event.
Forsythe -, Kopenhefer;      Towers-
Kope-nhefer. .The Welsh camp was en
fete last Monday, smiling faces being
very niuch in evidence.    It was one
,' of"' the' events  of    the    season.    A
-double wedding. ' The. contracting
parties were' Marshall .Forsythe and
• Miss Mary. Kopernefer, Fred Towers
of Spokane and Miss Rosie Kopernefer.,* The ceremony was performed
at the home of the brides' parents,
the Rev. Hugh Grant of Fernie^ tying
the double knot. A reception was
held afterwards and a large" number
of friends and relatives-congratulated
the happy couples. The presents were,
numerous and handsome. ' Mr. and
Mrs. Forsythe take up their residence
at Coal Creek, hut Mr. and * Mrs,
rower will reside in Spokane, for
.which city they left, .on Wednesday
morning.  *• The.usual tin can band
*' was. on hand. but the * "report" they,
made was so loud and big that''there's
none left for us to make.   •
and is now lying in    the    hospital
there.- "*'   -       _ ■    o
The mines    were    closed from 11
p. m. Thursday and will not resume
until 11 p. m.. Sunday.
. There was almost a'century exodus
from the mines last week.
The latest addition to our exchanges
is the paper whose title heads 'this.
The first issue is' certainly creditably
gotten out and as it is to be devoted
to" the interests of ihe country" adjacent to Lethbridge in which' city it
is published possesses a"large "field
for exploitation and" ought to be
c.uite a factor in adding to iho development of both mineral* and agricultural resources with which southern Alberta abounds.
Fernie is alluded to as the'"Queen
of the Crow," and. a brief sketch of
the city since its inception .is given
together with three cuts, two of the
mines and.one of Victoria avenue before the fire.  ,*'.
We wish our co-tem every success
in his new venture in-* which we
know his old Nelson friends all join.
Our worthy secretary,, William
Graham, had a birthday party. Congratulations. The presence of the
gentler sex added pleasure to the
entertainment.        '      -    . -,.
The installation of the officers*.of
the local lodge of K. P. brought out
so large an attendance that the Odd
Fellows' hall was taxed to its capacity. The "officiating officers were
T. Haines, D. G. C, assisted by R.
Morgan, acting G. P.," and J. Davis,
acting G. M. A. The1 following officers were duly and legally installed:
C. C.; Walter Williams; V. C, Alfred
Boycott; James Hilling, P. At tiie
conclusion of the ceremony3' a very
enjoyable social evening was passed
;and we are. glad to note that under
the benign ^influence of the ladies the
bashfulness of the presiding officer,
Thomas. Haines, was practically worn
down to a minus point. After, an excellent program-was concluded dancing was indulged in" and all went
home delighted.    7" , ' • ,
"-   Program.
fractured by a fall, of rock while at
work in No. 2. He will not be able
to work for some-time.
Tenders wanted . - for . Coleman
Miner's Hospital for caretaker , and
cook for the patients, the' lowest or
highest tender not necessarily accepted. Tenders to be sent to Box
58,"'"Coleman. Tenders!,to be in not
later than 28th September. For further particulars apply W. , Graham,
number of new residents to put down
in his book  if the  prevailing^ birth
rate  keeps  up.    On. Thursday,   the
15th,-a bouncing boy came to gladden
the  hearts  of   Mr.* arid   Mrs.   Kirkpatrick.    On Friday, 16th, the Flood
family" circle was  increased  by the
arrival of Master Flood, who.,will be
ono ..year- old  September- 16th," 1911.
Tho  sympathy  of  tho  Inhabitants
of,, this  camp  was quite freely  expressed when the sad news reached
here that Edith E. Head, thc wifo of
Walter,  had  passed  away  at  Nan-
Steve Lawson,   William   Harrison,
—William Balderson, Frank Owens and
.-. a "brace of Partridges Ted and Will
• drovo  up, hore    from    Hosmor last
Sunday on a visit to  their  friends,
the Puckoys.
Old Llquoro wont out on a hunting
expedition Inst Sunday and whon nonr
MorrlBsoy mot a' "couple of boar
whoso skins ho Is now proudly exhibiting, as ovldenco of his prowess
as a big game hunter. Wo have not
heard of nny multlplo photos bolng
tnkon this yenr. Whoro in tho enterprising photographer?
Mrs, G. Jonos nnd family and Mr.
and Mrs. ThomnH Douglas left Tuesday for Nanaimo.
I-T, Pearson nnd family nnd TT. Mc-
flulro movod to Fornio this wcok.
A driver, R. Cotnlosaa, working ln
No.' 1 South, met. with a serious nccldont on Tuesday wlillo drawing out
' a load of cars his horso Btumblod and
fulling pinned him botwoon the cars
and timber of tho rib sldo, and whon
. oxtrnctod ho was found to havo rocolvod a compound frncturo of tho
loft leg and throo ribs nlso woro frae
lured. Aflor rocolvlng firm nld from
tlio doctor lio was convoyotl to Pernio
♦ ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
By Fred Roo.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Saunders and Master Arthur of Elgin avenue, Winnipeg,
aro guests .of* Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Austin, Elko. .
.Walter Harwood,* who wholesales
nerve" bracers ranging from Canary
club to the sweet cordials of, sunny
France, Big Hearted Sammy.Walters,
of the Waldorf, Sid Armitage and
chauffeur, Joseph Letcher, motored
down • lo Elko, and then went on to
Baynes, Waldo and Krag Sunday, returning to Fernie the same day. , Mr.
Walters said it was the most beautiful s drive he had since coming to
British cColumbia and said the., automobile sailed through the pines like
a Mauser bullet. Photos were taken
along „the route and will be used for
advertising by the Letchers at their
automobile garage. A special dinner
had been' provided at the Krag hotel
for the visitors which was .thoroughly
enjoyed,„ especially the venison ,and
roast duck.. The. completion of the
new" government-road makes the people independent of the, C.P. R.,and,
makes a-nice drive by,motor or team
to Elko.        • . '   . . -    "'
Mrs. Glen Campbell is visiting the
Cranbrook fair this week.
George F. Stevenson and .T. Prentice, wholesalers from,Fernie, came in
from Rock creek,Sunday with about
(io fine trout.
W.',Citf Leacey, wife and daughter
are visiting friends.in Montana. Mr.
Mark St. J. Sampson is relieving Mr.
Leacey, who is away on a well earned
holiday. " '."'',
..Mrs.' Canning and lady friend of
.Lethbrido-ej—are visiting—EIko Tha.
. - Michel, Sept. 20, 1910.
-Any member desiring to leave the
mine where his local is located shall
immediately make application to the
secretary of the local for a transfer
car, Sec, 4, Art. 7, International Constitution*, TJ. Mr W. A. This wili be
strictly adhered to after the lath of
October, 1910. .
Michel Local 2334, U. M. W. A.
All the People, of the Land Bend the
Knee  Before Tliem.   .
Everywhere men, women and children stood in the market-place crying to the Masters of the Bread to
take them to be their servants, that
they might have bread. The strong
men said, "O Lords of the Bread, feel
our thews and sinews, our arms and
our,legs; see how strong we'are. Take
us and use- us. Let us dig for you.
Let us hew for you. Let us go down
in the mino and delve for you. Let
us freeze and starve in the forecastles
of your ships. Send us into the hells
of your steamship stoke-holes. Do
what you will with us, but let us
serve you, that we may eat, and not
die!"  *
Then spoke up also the learned
men and scribes and ' the lawyers,
whose strength was in their brains
and not in'their bodies:. "O Masters
of the Bread," said they, "take, us
to be your servants and' to do. your
will. We are fine in our" wit, how
great our knowledge; our minds are
charged and stored with the treasures of learning, and the subtlety of
all the philosophers. ,To us has been
given clearer' wisdom than' to others,
and the power of persuasion' that we
should be leaders of the people, voices
of the voiceless,' and eyes to the blind.
But the people whom we should serve
have no bread to give us! Therefore,
[Masters of the Bread, give us" to
eat, and w,e will betray the people to
you, for we must live. We will plead
for you in the. courts against the
widows and the fatherless. We will
speak and write in your praise, and
with cunning words , confound those
who speak" against' you and your
power and state., And nothing that
you require of ■ us - shall seem too
much. ° But because we sell not only
' Recitation, "The Soldier's Pardon,"
H. Smith. *""' "    7'"
Comic song, "Safest" o' the Family,"
H. Smith.
"Song, "Garden of Roses," Miss B.
Hilling.*   , 1
- Recitation, "Comrades    in   Arms,"
Thomas Haines;-
'   Song, ■ "Village    Blacksmith,"   W.
Clegg.      ,v
Pianoforte solo, Professor J. Crawford. • *'   .
. Song,  "Where. Is  Now  the  Merry
Party," W, Williams.
Professoi" Crawford ably accompanied the singers on the piano.
' A very protty wedding was solemnized hero ' by Father Lajak, who
united Joseph Huchale of Corbin, B,
C„ and Jossio Kiibinook, of Now
York in tho bonds1 of holy matrimony.
Aftor the coremony a wedding suppor
and "danco was indulged in nt the
.hnll In West Coleman, which was
thoroughly enjoyed by nil who look
J; Hilling has resigned as flro-hoss
and "once* ngaln lins taken up tho
picks nn ho prefers a Hitting position to walking. M. McMillan Is now
fire-boss in No. 2.
Dob Jones nnd Jimmy Llowollyn
havo gono a tour of fruit ranching Inspection. Don't forgot boys 22 has
excellent fruit-capacity.
* Jack Brynn rocolvod a jolly good
send-off before leaving for tho land
0' loalcH nnd protty girls nnd If ho
brings, ono hack wo shnll not bo sur-
prlBod, but ln any caso ho will always find a hoarty wolcomo awaiting
hlm as Jack's all right. "Pleasant
Journoy," says ovorybody who knows
Paul Offnor wns sovoroly bruised
about tho head and hnd his Hhoulddr
■f .1
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
Cannings own real estate in'the .town
and will build a fine residence in the
F. C. Lowe, of Lowe & Fisher, and
a brother who is vistiing him from
Ottawa drove from Fernie to Elko
Elko is full of visitors. On Sunday
a big crowd came down,from Fernie,
Hosmer and Michel.
J., M. Agnew returns to Elko after
spending a month in the east attending the Toronto fair. 'Everybody is
talking B, C. in Toronto, It was raining-and cold enough to,.freeze your
grandmother's head cheese. He was
glad to get back to Elko and we aro
might glad to have hlm .back.
Mrs, Arthur Sampson of Fornie .(nd
Mrs. MacKenzie of .--Prince Albert,
Snsk., were visiting with Mrs. Klen-
glnsmith at tho Elk hotel Sunday.
Francis Downs and wlfo arrived
from the oast Monday and left Tuesday for Flagstone, the most prosperous littlo burg on Tobacco Plains.
Tho Elko board of trado nro still
out of sight.'
Mr! and Mrs, Robaryo ontortalnod
lliolr Elko frlonds to a nlco social
and dance and a vory pleasant tlmo
was spent and lasted until tho woo
smnll hours.
Out of tho 20 drummers that, vlsltod
Elko this wook thoro was only throo
that wo would euro to pay a snlnry to,
Thoy certainly do got somo awful
specimens of God's rocklossnoss do
those wholesnlo Iiouros.
It's bonutlful woathor In Klko nnd
the temperature Just Ideal. Typical
of tlio town, It's just awful,up* In
Ilosmor aud Michel snld several
InilloB who nrrived In Elko Sunday,
and If tho woathor koops up thn pen-
pio tn Ilosmor nnd Mlchol will bo In
a clans wltli tho oIIIzoiib from Fornio
who Avont to IlndoH a fow yoara
llu'd only boon thoro about a day
wlion he wont up to IiIh Hiilanlc
majesty nud nskod hhn If ho couldn't
lmvo n HI tlo comfort down holow,
Well what do you want wild "Old
llnrry," ci-nelteri Ico I HtippnHo.
Cracked len, snld lho Kornlollo. Not
for 1110. Whnt 1 want Ih 11 couplo of
llmlRon Bny blanket K.
Wo ln-iir 11 lot about. K«llny In Klko
Just now but no portion kociiih to hnvu
noon hlm.
Hob Ili'ddlPlc, tho Elko tonsorlnl
nrtlHl nnd Wonry Wlillo TwlRtor, unlil
ho Iinil n rail for hnir oil tlio othor
.Tf..i.;'._ J:;:!..':•:• cf 0'-;**V* "-J. ;.;.J
f!r*rmlon pm-med thvnni»h Klko tlitR
wook Hovornl tlnioH,
Clmrllo Yundlo, who honnlod tho
train tho othor ovoning with -.')."■ pounds
of trout, for I.othbrldKO, Altn., wiih
nuked how It wuh ho always wuh ho
lucky. Hh iiui Iiii-k Kind Ctmi.ir,, 1
buy my fishing tucklo from Frod Tloo
thon I go flHli.
our bodies, but" our souls also,* give
us more bread than, these laborers
receive, who sell their bodies only."
And the priests and Levltes also
cried out as tho Lords of the Bread
passed. through the market-place.
"Take us, masters, to be your servants and to do your, will, for we'also
must eat, and you only havo the
bread. We are, the: guardians of the
sacred oracles and the people hearken unto us and reply not, for our
voice to them Is as-the voice of God.
.put we must have bread to eat liko
others. Glvo us, therefore, plentifully
of your broad, and we will speak to
the people, that they may, be still
and. troublo you not wltli. their murmuring because of hunger. In tho
name of God the Father will wo forbid them to claim the rights of brothers, ond in tho nnmo of tho Prince of
Ponce will wo preach your .lay of competition."
And abovo nil tho clamour of tho
men woro heard the voices of n multitude of womon crying to tho Mas-
tera of the Bread; "PasB us not hy,
for wo must ent also, Tho men are
stronger thnn wo, but thoy eat much
bread, whilo wo eat little, so thnt,
though wo bo' not so strong, yet In
tho ond you shall not loso if you take'
ua to bo your servants Instcnd of
thom. And If you will not tako us
for our labor's sake, yet look upon
ub; wo aro womon, and should bo fair
in your oyos. Tnko ub and do with
us' according to your pleasure, for wo
must oat." '
And nbovo all tho chaffering of
tho market, tho hoarse voices of tho
mon mid tho shrill voices of thc women, roflo tho piping troblo of tho littlo
children, crying; "Tula- iik to ho
your HorvnntH, for tho bronsts of our
mothoi'H nro dry. and our fathom
havo no broad for un, nnd wo linn-
gor, Wo aro weak, Indent], hut wo
iiHk bo littlo, ho vory llltk1*, thnt nl
lonst wo Bhnll bo chonpor to you tlmn
tho men, pur fulhoi-H, who cat so
much, nntl llio womon, nnr mothurH,
who ont moro thnn wo,"
Aud tlio MnHloi-H of tho llrtuid, having tnkon for tliolr umi or pleiiHtiie
hucIi of llio num, tho womon nnd Dw
little (int'*. mi Ihey hiiw fll, piiHHod by
nntl thoro wiih left 11 --rent iiiiiUiiiit]--
lu tlio niiirket-iiliu'o for whom there
wiih no bread,- • I'M ward Ucllniny, In
" I*! 1111 Illy."
Welcoming     Home,    the    Returning
I was going up from .Manchester
to Oldham last night, and arrived at
Victoria station in plenty of time for
the train, but to my consternation I
found that every carriage was packed
(to the doors, and it seemed impossible to squeezes in anywhere. Even
the guard's van, the last resort of the
unfortunate traveler, was crammed
full of luggage of all sorts, and the
burly custodian of the train soon gave
me to understand that there was no
room for me there. "They'll have to
run a special, that's what they'll
liave to do," he muttered as tho people still came rolling up.
It was the return from the wakes,
the last day of Oldham's holiday, and
the cotton workers and, their families
were hurrying back from the seaside
and the countryside. Just as the train
was moving off I sprang into a first-
class carriage. Like all the rest, it
appeared to be. a case of standing
room only. A couple of men had
secured corner seats, and the rest of
the space was filled with weary-looking women, tired, sleepy, children,
and odds and ends of luggage. The
racks - were filled with boxes, bags
and baskets, most of the women carried great_bimdles on their laps, and
the chinks and corners were . filled
with umbrellas, walking sticks and
buckets and spades. >
I was quite prepared to make .the
journey standing, but the civility,and
kindliness which characterize the
Oldham folks would not allow this.
'"Ere," Lizzie, thee lazy girl, get up
and let the gentleman sit down,"
cried ' one of the women, nudging a
little girl of eight or nine. The child
obediently woke up and tried to
make room for me, but I protested
that I could not think of taking her
seat. "Aw, well, she be tired too,"
said the mother.
Then the seven on the other side
of the.carriage*squashed and squeezed
together,, giving me about six inches
of space between a hard-faced woman with 0 a child in her lap and * a
young man whose straw hat looked
sadly the worse for the rain. ' I sat
down, but instantly there was a snarl
and a snap, and I .bounded to my feet
again." I had unconsciously sat on -a
Schipperke dog, -who naturally, resented the intrusion. The poor beast
got a "clouting," and retired! yelping
=under=i=ihe='Soair;       *    "    ■ **
LOCAL 2314.
At a meeting held last Friday it
was decided that the various international labor bodies should be communicated with "and furnished with
exact data as to the' true conditions
prevailing throughout District 18, thus
obviating the possibility of men coming out under false impressions—
that work is plentiful, when, as a
matter of fact, the largest camps in
the Pass are only being worked
spasmodically. , Reports will be furnished to these' bodies from time to
time showing exactly the status of affairs.
Nominations of Local 2314, U. M. W.
A,,   Fernie. ,
The following are the nominees of
this local:
For district ^ president, John 1).
For district vice-president, Clem
For Secretary-Treasurer, Thomas
For International Board Member,
Charles Garner.-   _   *
For Sub District , Board Member,
John E. Smith.
lillinery Opening $
C. N. P. Trading Co., Ltd.'
GULL LAKE, Sask., Sept. 19.—
Lewis McBride murdered his fathor
Friday evening during a drunken
frenzy. Both occupied a homestead
10 miles from the city.
McBride and his "son had been in
town drinking freely. They returned
to tlieir homestead shack and they
engaged in' a drunken brawl during
which Louis grabbed a double-barreled
shotgun and discharged .one barrel's
contents into his father's stomach.
Tlie shot brought the younger man to
his senses and realizing what he had
done he immediately set, off to town
for medical assistance. Upon explaining what had * occurred at thc homestead he was arrested by Constable
Fisher of the R. X. W. M. P. Medical
aid was sent out to the father and
every effort made to relieve his agony
but he died at 7 o'clock this morning.
An  inquest will  be'held  and  preliminary hearing.
A, meeting of the members of thc '
Game Protective association was held
in .the office of the president, II. W.
Herchmer, last Friday night and was
woll attended. Afler the reading of
the previous minutes a draft of suggested amendments to the game act,
was read and thoroughly discussed resulting in the adoption of the, same'
with certain modifications to be sub-»
mitted to the provincial .government
for-consideration at the next session.
Meantime the various kindred bodies
throughout the province'will be communicated with looking towards an -
interchange of ideas.
The wanton destruction of ■ song
birds ,the infractions . of the game
law and the inadequacy of proper
protection were commented upon. The
need for an increased staff of gamo
wardens was fully concurred in.
As an aid to the carrying out thc
furthering of the purpose of this
body the, question of the imposition
of a rod and gun tax was declared ,-
to be one of the best means of lessening the indiscriminate slaughter of
game and fish. Each individual upon
payment of the fee would at thc'expiration ot the term make declaration of his catch or bag before a new
certificate was issued. 'The revenue
.from the fund created would be used
for the purpose of obtaining additional
The   Merry   Heart.
The hard-faced woman kept "bobbing me in tho left eye with" a bunch
of spiny things in her hat as she insisted- on relating the adventures of
lier little girl at Blackpool.* "'E, but
she fell out of bed last neet and took
pillow with lior. There she wor a
setting on pillow on th' floor rubbing
her eyes. "Av thee broke tha neck?'
says I. 'Xay,,auntie,' she says, 'But
I've fell out of bed.'"
"Haw, haw," laughed tlie man in
Ihe cornor; "she didn't sleep in middle." The company roared at this
witticism. "'13, she did sleep In middle," replied auntie, amid renewed
laughter, "but she climbed o'er." The
youngster had evidently brought
something nimble (Pulox Irrltnns with
lier' from Blackpool, nnd nunllo caused another roar by asking; "Arc thoy
biting yet?"
To (he chorus of "A day's mnrch
nearer homo," the trnln drew up at
Werneth, The platform wns too short,
or tho train too long, but. the vigilant
guard, with warning,shouts and waving of his lnmp,' prevented tho eager
piiBSongcrH from breaking their nocks
by mistaking tho niotnls for tho plat-
.form In the dark. Thoro was nn
oxodus horo and another nt tho Contral, Tho town wiih nil n|lvo to.wolcomo homo tho wnnderors, and tlio
brilliantly llghtod Bhops woro doing,a
roaring Irnde, Fifty thousand hungry floulH, wllh nppotltoB sharpened
by KoiiBltlo nlr, require Homo looking
after, Silvery (minion, plump Iiiii-oh,
pigeons, chickens, ducklingfl, nnd
other luxuries disappeared in a twinkling, wlillo It lucrum purveyors piiHbod
tliolr hiirrowH nlong Hip Htrnn'R crvlng
"I'oiib, nil "ol!" or "FIhIi rind chlpH."
It reminded ono of ClirlHtmi'tH ovo
shopping. Hwiuin.s of women und glrl«
In RlmwlH and men In enpH nnd clogH
woro returning linniownrd lmlen with
good thlngH, or o]hc looking out for a
NATiONALpKUVfEAsY"      "" ^~
VANCOUVER, B. C, Sept. 17.—
There was never a chance for the
challenging Nationals at New Westminister today, and in their initial
fight today for the ' world's lacrosse
championship tliey succumbed to the
faster New Westminster Minto cup
defenders the score at lime standing
soven to three for the western learn.
The champions of the N. L. U. failed to show speed, and although tho
New Westminster team was not by
any means up to thc form displayed
during the season* against the Van-
couvorB, thoy had no trouble nt all
In disposing of thc l-'ronohmon. Lit-
londo, who was with Vancouver last
yonr, was expected to'do great things |
for tho challengers, but big Gnlbraiih |
hold hlm down to a finish nntl ho
only got Into the nets on ono solitary
occasion. ,.
Tho easterners were tou led ns being vory speedy nnd ablo to bore In,
hut they did not exhibit much running ability, and their combination
whh r 11. minus finality. They tried
hnrd 'lo get. closo in tlio not, but tho
heavy defonco of ■ tlio GiffordH und
Giilbraltli was tuo much for lliniii.
Thero wuh littlo rough piny during
IIiIh flrHt contest, and very few pan-
iiIiIoh woro handed out. Twelvo thou-
Hnnd poi'HoiiB wilnpss'id tho mutch,
which wiih declared to ho slower thnn
either of lliu two botwoon tho Mont*-
rciilH nntl tlio cup holdom a few
mouths* ago, nntl far bohlnd tlw quality of tho loaguo gmiieH between the
VuncmivurH  nnd  Uio  Now  WoHlmln-
Another gnmo, and tho Inst ono,
will bo plnyed, at New WeHtinliiHler
next Saturday.
Mutt Uur and Lionel York of Vnncouvor nre hniidllug tho games, tho
former iih referee and the Inner nr.
Judge, of play.   *
not only- to  decrease   the  vandalism
but also lessen the risk of being shot
by reckless gun possessors.
There' is an ■impression among
many that the association is somewhat* on the lines of tlie old country,
.but this Is a mistak-ie as thero is no
intcnliop to mako any proso'rverf .irons
but simply to aid In putting a stop
to the extinction of fisli and gamo
which " is a foregone conclusion
if thoro are not somo measures taken
10 a' strict compliance with the'
Fnrthor information on the subject
will be gladly furnished upon request
of President II. W. Herchmer or
Game Warden .1. Lewis.
We hnvo occiiKionnlly criticized tho
posinl facilities regarding tho methods
of distribution, but wo Iuul n ciiho
brought to our notice this week proving that they nro mil entirely responsible for Iho non-delivery of mull mnt-
lor n« a represent al I vr> of 11 Socialist
publication meeting one from whom
ho hud obtained a subscription wan informed ihat ho hnd not got IiIh paper
and iih 211 other hiiIihci'IIkth to tho
nnmo weekly all acknowledged having
got their copies Im wiih much mir-
prlfiptl nt the exception and Informing
him (tho grumbler*, that he would go
to tho P.O. and get tho nilsslr.g paper
ho applied nt, the wicket If there woro
any pup.crH for hli* HiibHcrlber niul wiib
Immediately handed nol only the nilHH-
Ing number but nlso two ctipleH of
The DlHtrlcl Ledger proving tliut Indifference on I'Ih part wim 10 tilnino.
Children Hhould not be Hont for
mnll. an l1"* po.'-tnl rinploy.-cH are held
rt'SpDUHjIile If Hie child Iokph a letter
nntl fearful of piinlHhnienl or Ignorant of the Ions does not Inform tho
parents mul 1111 enquiry followH.
A rnro opportunity to Hocurn pnrt ly
developed coal proportlcB In tho Flat-
IipikI conl district. Owner bolng III
ami iinnl'l*' lo aiti-nd to pH-porty Iihh
decided to well.
Thu propi'i'ty cuii'itat'i of two lla-it.*
cod coal milling I'lalnx-i adjoining tho
f.oiTilu conl prop-Artie*: hnH rnhlim.
dump earn, Hieel rnllH, (ooIh nml trnllH
rut over the property; good water.
One mile from lallroud; wagon trnll
rut from rnllrond to camp. Open for
i!iN|>ciU*>i-. No UHIiti* or Hg.-niH,
Write "Opportunity," Box 2g5, Spokane. Wash. 21
Thn iiinny I'iIi'IkIh of Walter Head,
who I'e.ciiully left Conl Creek for
Nanaimo,   will   lm" grieved   lo  learn
tiiai   __o   iniu   -mii 11 iimI   .tli   it ivpiiialoi-j
.fi*'.*' li," Dw d.'.ilh nf ht" wife. '
The ilncnm-rd lndy wiih not  In the I
bent of health when living nt Coul |
Creek but nothing nerioiiH wiih IooIm-iI i
for,  lu  fact,    It    wiih  felt that  thoj
change  from  mniinluln nlr    lo    Dw'
proximity 01 Um wii would lm im-iii*-■
flt.lnl, but unfortunately lier condition j
becoming woiho It wiih found neeeH- ]
Hnry to opertito ami I here wan every
reanon   lo  believe  tho  rcHtilt   would
be hiiccfiHHful, hut perltnnltlH developed ami the end, which wiih pnlnkmti,
1 iim.- on iin- iiioiiiliiii tii tfcpii-mhcr
Hull*. Mr. and Mi... Ik'i'I wuu: w-.il.
kiim-.ii nl Dw Crook umi j.r«-at nyiw
pnthy Is felt for Wnlu-r. tlie ultun-
tion I'-ting h.ill mote tlit-.treiii.ttig lie-
win*-.-, of the three <l.lMr«-n of tend, r
yi'.tiH who ace I Iui k iii ily deprived of
i, max Iter's lender tare
Ml*.    Ill-It.-    \M<»   I'lilll   iii    (tlH<l«-KC||0
Kciii. May Ilth. is-***. <md cnme lo
Cmii.-iiIii July In 1, r.M'7.
db W_fa <W    V
*m       1WUX    V_/
m|        4Mtf
The Best Pictures Being Shown in Fernie
Prices 10 and 15 Cents PAGE SIX
First' Class  Candidates.
NOTE.—Thc candidate must s_gn
each sheet with his usual signature.
1.—--What are the duties of the
manager? ' si. ..    '
"2.—What are the provisions of the
act as to certificated managers and
other officials, and what qualifications
are required of candidates .for certificates of competency?    15.
3.—What are the provisions of tho
act as to the appointment of the
■check-weigher, how .'paid,-the limit of
his power, and for what causo may
he be removed?   12.
4.—What returns and notices are
required from owners, agents or managers of mines?   10.
5.—What are the provisions of the
act as to fencing, botft above and below ground? "10.
6,—What are tlio provisions of the
act. as to coroner's inquests?   12.
7.—What are the provisions of the
act under the general rules as to the
use of explosives and blasting in
mines generally, 'and in , mines in.
which inflammable gas has been
found within the preceding thre?
months?    l.'i.
8.—What aro the provisions of thc
act as to summary proceedings?   12.
9.—What are tho provisions of tlie
act as to plans?   10."
* • 10.—Fill out the accident form supplied, citing    an ' imaginary accident
and supply sketch.    10.
First  Clans  Candidates.
1.—Name and describe the various
gases met wiih in coal mines, giving
symbols, * specific gravities, general
properties, where found nnd how produced?    20.
2,—What is after damp and under,
whal conditions may it become explosive?   10.
3.—Explain Graham's Law of Diffusion,  giving an  example.    12.
4.—What are the principle dangers
to ba apprehended in an old' mine
generating explosive gas and how
would you deal with them?    10.
5.—lOxplain the coal dust. theory,
and under" what conditions "danger
may arise from concussion or compression from blown out shots or, any
other cause?    12.
6.—Name and describe the -most important modern safety lamps. Tn
whnt velocities of firedamp charged
air do such lamps become unsafe?
 7.—To what extent arc the follow-
would you consider ibe installation of
electricity., in mines safe, and what
precautions would you take to prevent, accidents and fires arising from
the installation . of electricity in
mines?'* 10.
U.—In a direct engine plane 5,000
feet long with a gradient of 4 per
cent ihe. load is 12 loaded cars
weighing 3,500 pounds each; weight
of rope 0.9 pounds per foot; what is
the tension on the rope at the moment of niovement, and what horsepower would be required to haul this
at a velocity of 10'miles per hour;
total friction 1-iOtli of the load? ' 20.
7.—Describe the various safety appliances that you would use in hoisting shafts arid on cages, and also on
inclined 'planes?   10.
S.—Kxplain the principle of oxygon
and respiratory mine rescue apparatus
and their application to mine accidents.    15.
9.—Show how you would work
thick coal with a tender roof, sketching the system of timbering you
would  employ.    12.
10.—Giye a brief description of the
geology of the coal field of your district or .some district with which you
nre acquainted.   .10.
essary, temporary and permanent
stoppings. Describe a permanent stopping for. a seam subject to' a squeeze.
S — Describe with sketch a good
overcast. -15. ->
. 9.—Describe the several safety devices used to- provide against accidents arising from the breaking of-
ropes in shaft hoisting and on underground haulage.    10.       .. -  -    ■   .,
IO.-—In laying out a siding or main
parting where mechanical haulage is
used, what'are the chief points to be
considered?   _0.
Lizard  Local General Teamsters No.
141.     Meets every'Friday night at
'8 p.m; Miners union hall.     A:  _.•
.   Boles, President; William Long, Re-
* cording Secretary.
,4.—What are the regulations as to
the use of lights* and tobacco where
safety lamps are required to be used?
5.—What is required by the act as
to the watering of dry and dusty
mines, -both' locally and generally?
]0. , o - j man  exclusive  of  the  duties  of  the
6.—What  are  the  requirements  of j shot-lighter?   10.
the  act  as  lo    the    thawing  of  ex- j     2.—In J*01"" examination you find it
plosives?   ''10. ' ; necessary  to  work  a  working >*place
7.—Make out and imaginary report
Third Class Candidates.,,
.—What are tlie duties of the five-
First  Class  Candidates.
r.—Pefine tlie following electric
units, th*. Ampere, Uie Volt, the Ohm
and the Watt. The power supplied
to an eleqt'ric* motor is 40 K. W., the
pressure is 175 volts, find the current
In amperes, also the horsepower?   Jo.
2.—What size pipe ' would, be required to transmit .1,200 cubic feet
of free air per minute at a. sea level
a distance of 75.000 feet after compressing to an initial pressure of 60
pounds por square inch? As.sume the
velocity of 1,800 feet per minute.   15.
3.—Explain the use of   the   steam j
engine-indicator?   10. j
•1.—What, is meant by lap and lead ■
as applied to steam engine cylinders?!
covering an examination made' under
the requirements of-General Rule 30,
S.—What  are  the  requirements   of
tiie act as    to
holes?    10.
9.—What does the act require as
to fencing, both above and , below
ground?   10.
" 10.—What' are the requirements of
the act as to ventilation?,   10.
with safety lamps, what other precautions are necessary iir this case and
required by the act?   10.
3.—How would you proceed to take
an   examination    of    your    district?
signalling and man-  ^oke a report  of the same, giving
defect   found,   and
Bartenders' Local No, 514: Meets 2nd
•and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Goupill, Waldorf Hotel.
Of fir*.: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; . Phono 72
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
■   Meets"2nd arid 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.     l). Rees, _3e,i.
Typographical Union.No;'555' Meets
last Saturday in each mouth at the
* Ledger Office. A. J, Buckley, Secretary.
Second Class Candidates.
].—Name and describe the various
gases met with in' coal mines, giving symbols and specific gravities,
where, found aud under what conditions may thoy become dangerous to
human life?   20.
2.—How would you overcome the
dangers which arise from the presence of coal dust in * a coal mine
.whicli* is giving off inflammable gas?
What percentage of "gas in the general atmosphere of the mine would
you consider dangerous and how
would you determine the presence of
this percentage?   12.
3.—If 25,000 'cubic feet of air and
gas at its most explosive . point circulates through the mine, how much
air must be added to render it non-
explosive?   15.
4,-—How would you * deal with . a
heavy feeder of gas,in the middle of
a ventilating district, with* a view, of
continuing the work in the remainder
of the district?   10.
5.—How .would   you  deal   with   ac-
ing gases sohmble in water; C O 2,
II 2 S, and O II 4?   10.' *      -
8.—A current of 5,000 cubic feet
of,air is at the most explosive; how
much,fresh air must be added, to dilute tho mixture, so that a cap ennnot be detected, say to 1.75 per
conl.    j.i. *7
!).—In (he complete combustion of
150 cubic feet of ,C I-I 4 what volume
of nitrogen will remain?
10.—Under what conditions may a
mine be classed as non-gaseous?   10.
First  Class  Candidates. .
1.—In determining the amount of
ventilation required in a mine, what
other factors should .be takon Hito
consideration besides the number of
men and animals employed?   10.
2.—Explain the three laws of friction as applied to mino ventilation.
.1.—Nnmo and describe the dlfforont Instruments used to examine tho
condition of tho mlno atmosphere and
Ihoqunntlty of tho ventilation,    12.
4.-150,000 cubic feet of air is delivered at the foot of the down cast
shaft, and there divided Into throo
BplltH iih follows;
Split (a) Area 7 feot by 7 feot and
G.000 feet long,
Spill (b) Area fi 'foot by 8 feet and
!>,r_00 feet long,
Split fo) Area 5 feet by 9 feot and
5,000 feot Jong.
What quantity will pnss through
each, tho prcHstiro remaining tho
Hnmo?   20.
fi,—If In n cortnln airway tho wator
Kiiugo Ih 0.8 Inch and lho velocity of
tho nlr curront Is 500 feot por rnin
tito, what, will be tho wator gauge If
the air course Ih Increased four tlmcfl
In length and tlio velocity is Increased to (100 feet, por minute?   15.
■fl.—-In a remote district whoro tho
nlr Ih split to lis fulloHt. extent and
ynu ennnot IncronBO tho power, how
would you Iiicwiho tho vontllntlnn?
7,—What ndvanlngo Ih derived from
tho uho of the expnndliiK chimney .In
n ventilating fun?   10,
K,~DcHcrlbe iho vnrloiiH nceldentH
to which fnim may he subjected ami
tlio precautions you would tnko iu the
Hoventl emcrnencleH crentcil thereby?
!i.—Whnt condltIoiik are i-f-H.-ntlnl to
Rood veiiillntloii In n mine nnd wn.it
veloelflcH should obtain in tho vnrloiH
portlonM of the mine?   10,
H),--VeiiHliile tlm plan given, iifmig
tho   COIIVt'llllOIIIll   KlgllS   H.KlWfl,
First Class Cnndldntott.
I.--Vou are roqulrnd tn open a mlno
in  \M-IM.nonii K'lscoiis region;  Mntt-
what. K'-ut'i'iil  Plun  you  would  adopt
mi   lo   vcntllnllon,   mlnliiK, Imiiliigc,
In. si'i'i nt t,*-,    .'*>>u    , , ,i,ir,l,ti.-,.-,i\iil   (ti    )>ii.tt*.)
for underground purpoKCH?   ifi.
2,--Slate the cotnliiloiiH which youltl
lio favorable to lho follmvlriK HyHieniH
of woiliiiiK a mine; (a) Itnoru and
pillar. (b) Longwall. (v.) l'annel,
nnd the effect of depth of cover upon
each  »:.'.-.! _n?    I".
3.—Show by sketchcH what you con**
nltU-r ffitnl nviTf-nttn ond 'it.ipplnr.",
Iini'lm; rcKiinl lo pernifliieiicy under
varying romlltlonn?   IB.
■I.—Mention Dw fcoveral ex plosives
commonly iihciI In mined. Describe
their propcrtk'H and explain tho
dnn«er_t nttendini*-* the mee of each,
C—Under what general conditions
Make a ' longitudinal section of a j cumulation of explosive gas over falls
steam engine cylinder, showing thej01-. in. worked out portions of the
slide valve in its relative position toinlI"e*   ,   *
lliu piston, and indicate by arrows in I ■ 6*—How >voukl >'ou work'a mine to
whicli direction the piston is moving.! Prevent as far as possible, the accu-
];-,'. i mulalions of fire-damp in the worked
'o.-What are, the advantages and \out a"'* abandoned portions thereof?
disadvantages of high piston speed.     I :'
-G.-Name-and describe tho usual! ;•■—Under what conditions in. a
appliances and fitting, to a Colliery 1 mmo would >'ou consider it necessary
boiler?    10. '      -
7.—What is the safe working load of*
a crucible steul -rope 1. 1-Sth inch j
dipping 30 degrees, the' factor of! >'°" lm.ow or "nagmo them to be. 12.
safety being G?. 12.
some   defect   found,   and   sign   with
your usual signature.    10. ■
4.—What aro your duties in regard
to the supervising, charging and
firing of (a) one hole in a working
place, (I), two or more holes in a
working placo?   10.    *
5.—What are the provisions of the
act and the special rules of your district with regard to a shot"which .has
missed fire?   10.   ■*
G.—What do the general rules require as to ventilation, and which, it
is' tho duty of 'the fireman to attend
to?   10.
7.—What are the regulations as to
the- use of locked1'safety lamps in
the mine?   10.
S.—What does the act require as to
signalling  and  man-holes?    10.
0.—What are the fireman's duties
with regard to timbering? ■ 10.-
■ 10.—You have made your examination and report and the miners are
about! to proceed to enter the .mine";
you are notified that during or since
your examination the fan has been
stopped for half an hour, what -are
you duties under the circumstances?
10."       . „
Local "Fernie No. 17 S. P. of C. Meets
in Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.'*"
Office Henderson Block; Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5;,6 to 8.
,_*    Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
W. R. Ross K. C. •     W. S. Lane
, Barristers and Solicitors
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet in Miners Hall every
alternate. Thursday at S o'clock. A.'
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D. J. Evans,
President; F. H, Shaw. Secretary.
to   install   the   use   of   safety   lamps
throughout the mine?    10.
S.—Sketch   in   section   a   modern
Third  Class , Candidates. "''
1.—Name and describe the various
gases mot with in coal mines, where
found and how detected. Give specific
gravities.    20.
2.—Explain the advantages "due to
splitting the air current, and under
what conditions would it be inadvisable to further split the air current?
'* 3.—Describe the various mean's, appliances arid fixtures necessary to
properly conduct the air current to
the various parts of the mine.    10.
4.—Explain the use of -the barometer;
and water gauge as applied lo mine
ventilation.    10. -     ■
S.—Name the conditions under
which ropes are most likely to break,
both in shafts and on engine planes,
and how would you guard ' against
these contingencies?   10.
-       SURVEYING.
First  Class  Candidates,
1.—Name and describe the various
Instruments used in mino surveying,
fn addition to instruments of precision, name and describe simple instruments'suitable to approximate surveying and levelling in mines. 15.
o 2,—Wliat method or methods would
you use to determine the magnetic
meridinn? Is tho magnetic meridian
necessary to a modern mlno plan? 10.
3,—Montlon all the possible sources
of error which might accrue to underground surveying and levelling. How
would you make .pormnnent stations
and bench marks in a longwall mino?
4.—It Is desired to straighten a mlno
ontry having tho following courses
nnd distances:
Nortli, -150 feot,
.North 2.30, Enst 500 feet.
Nortli 1.00 West 275 feet.   '
North 0.30 East 450 feet.
What Is tho course and distance?
TIiIh quostion must be nnswerod by
computation only,    20.
5.—From tho following lovol notes
plat a prof Ilo to a Rcalo of 100 feot
to ono Inch horizontal, and. 10 feet to
ono Inch vertlcnj.
Station 0, flack sight, 8.40; foro
flight, 3,10.
Station 1, Back sight, r-.GO; foro
sight, 2.10,
Station   2
Right. 3,80.
Station  I),  Bnck  hIkIiI,  0,10;
nlR.it, 2,00,
Station  -I,  Back sight.,  7.75;
Hlght, 1,15.
Station  5,  Bnck  flight,  0,00;
Hlght, 7,50 to Mill Inn ,n.
The HtalloiiH aro 100 font apart.
Find thn gradient from Hlotlon 0 to
.station ti,     20,
(l.—I'lat tho following coui'hoh and
(IIhIiuicch on a hchIo of 100 feot to
one Inch, find lho cloning coui'Ho mid
illHtnnco ami take nut the area by any
convenient method:
A to H, NVirth 20 ilegi-eeH, West !10i)
H lo (., North fid ilegrccH, KiihI 550
C to I), South I," degree!*, EiiHt. 475
1) to K, Smith 15 (IcgreeH, \.CBt 700
loot,    -ti,
7 Of m )i:it \ :ili)i* :n'i* i ii_iti*i__-_. dill mine plan nnd what p'iif-n.1 method
would you ndopt to obtain them both
on the surface anil uiiilut-ftioiiii'l?   15,
h.—UcHcrlbe how you would make a
preliminary tnpogrnph.enl survey of
it coal Iieltl with a view o| locntiiig
the opening and the transportation
syKtom?   10.
Buck flight,  7,20;   foro
0.—What effect lias 302 on .- the
properties of fire-damp when mixed
.together?-  S.
10.—What effect would pure C H 4
have on life or fires in a mine?   S.
Second Class Candidates.
,1.—State the principles upon ..which
Ventilation depends and the cause of
the air's motion in mines, and what
aro the factors of resistance operating
against ventilation?   15.
'2.—Explain the terms "pressure"
and "power" as applied to mine ventilation.   10.
3.—In the event of a mlno fire,
what dangors are likely to be encountered, and what precautions -would
you tako to protect the workmen engaged In extinguishing tho fire and
guarding against loss of life by suf-
focntion ov explosion?   15,
4.—What relation does tho wator
gaugo bear to tho length of tho air-
course, the area nnd shnpo remaining
tho snmo?   10.
5,—Tho totnl rubbing surface of a
square airway Is 140,000 squaro feet;
tho length of the airway Is 4,500 feot
and tho quantity passing Is 0,000
cubic feot por minute, what Is tho
velocity?   15.
0,—Find the quantity of air passing per minute through an airway
12 feet G Inches by Q feot 0 Inchos,
velocity 450 foot per mlnuto. If tho
wator gnugo Ih 1 foot 3 Indies, what
Is tho hoi'Hopowor?   15,
7.—Namo and doscrlbo tlio In-stri-
montB used to dotormlno tho condition of tho mlno ntmosphcro, both Intake nnd rot urn, Dw quantity of the
ventilation and tho proRHiiro duo to
roHlatnnco?   12.
8.—What Ih meant, by iiBCoiiHlonnl
ventilation nnd what aro Its ml vim-
tOKOH?    10,
!),—DcHcrlbo tlio various methods of
IncrenHlng tho vontilation without In-
cretiHlng tho powor?   10,
10,—Vontllato tho plan given, imlng
tho conventional Hlgns shown.   20,
Second Class Candidates,
1.—Di-Hcrlbo wllh hI-OIcIioh Uio Long-
wall ami PI Iln i' and Stall Hystom of
worklm. ii coal fluid, nml the condl-
flonii under which you would hit-tall
each HyHtom,   IB,
2,—-BoHorlbe with fikolche.., gonornl
loom timbering under the vnrloiiH
cnntlltloriH of roof mot''with,    12,
t. ■ i
would you consider the'use of ..explosives dangerous in a mine, and
explain ,,the causes and dangers of
"windy",v shots?    12.     ,      '       ;
G.—What' aro tho principles which
would.,, guide you in commencing your
duties as a fireman or shotlighter?
AL what part of the ventilation current would you commence to mako an
examination of your district, and whv?
7.—Describe with sketches if necessary, some method of working coal
with which you are acquainted.   15.
8.—Show by sketches, or description of preferred,'the general methods
of timbering levels and rooms? 12.
• 0.—Describe the principle of the
safety lamp, and the conditions undor
which lt may become unsafe? ,10.
10.—Ventilate the plan given, using
the conventional signs shown.    20.
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Strset Fernie B.C.
-What Ih tho proper or econom-
r    lt. ..I     t,  ,■     i   ...I,,     1.   ,., 1     1,.,.. .....      II
Considerable opposition to co-opera-
lion Is met with among tho comrades.
It seemfl that a number of, comrades
mako It their business to go about
nmong those who nre Interested In the
organizing of co-operatives nnd discourage thom In tliolr work. Tho argument moHt frequently used by theso
opponents is that by reducing tho
cost of living you also reduce tho domain! for hlghor wages,
Tho argument used ngalnst tho formation of labpr unions, bocauBo It Is
no ubo to agitato for nn Incronao of
wages for tho workors bocauso the
cont. of living will go up accordingly,
Ih on a par with tho argument ngninst
co-nporntlon, The lilutory of the labor
movomont In tho Unitod States provoB
beyond a doubt that thlH argument Ir
Tho cost of living has Increased
rapidly during tlio last fow'yearn. If
wo woro to tako It for granted thnt
tlie Increased cont of living in duo to
higher prlcos pnld for labor, oh may
bo deduced from tho argument ngoliiHt
labor unloiiH, the wages of tho workei'H Hhould bo Hky high at pmsont.
Tho facts, however, aro dlfforont, nnd
you know It, Noll hor cnn It bo hIiotii
In a Kingln Instmicn whero the coHt of
living Iiiih gono up correspondingly
wllh lho IncreiiHO of wngeH.
Tho lilutory of Kuroponn co-operatives hIiowh that wherever co-opera-
tlvc-H were organized the workorH ln
general tlecreaHc-d their coHt of living
and'received hotter quality goodH for
lliolr monoy, Kvorywhero, with the
exception of tho lOngllHhcooperatives,
It,,*.  l„,1,f,,,,  ■;_;<!,;;.■,  ,",;■,.   t!c:,f!>'   (CV.V.rf (■-.'
such, an extent as to qualify themselves as representatives1 of the
Socialist party.
.We have in the United States fully
as many intelligent proletarians as in
Europe. The reason why our representatives are not of a. strong proletarian character is, in my opinion, because the proletarian comrades of this
country have not had the opportunity
to develop, while they have,had the
opportunity in Europe.        ,      .
As to whether it is advisable for
the masses of the people to-own and
conduct the co-operative enterprises
can be .summed up In the following.
Is a storekeeper conducting his
business to benefit-society, through
good and honest service, or for a
Is a manufacturer interested in the
producing of pure. and. serviceable
articles, or in profit?
If the people decide to operate thoir.
own enterprises, is it likely that they
will swindle themselves by selling impure and unserviceable. articles to
themselves?     " ' '*.
If the people operate their own enterprises, to whom will the profit go?
If you ■ can induce the masses of
the people to consider these questions
they will not only decide in favor of
co-operation but most logically arrive
at the conclusion that collective' ownership is to be preferred to individual
ownership.' -   "      7       '    ""
Furthermore, nine-tenths ofcthein-
distributing enterprises of today are
maintained by money loaned from the
banks. The banks receive this money
from the,, people, who by ha?;d* work
manage to savo a few pennies, Whenever these banks.during a crisis con-'
sider it advisable not to make any
payments they tell the people, and
lawfully so, to como back in 30 days
and thoy will advance them $50.
The farce of the whole situation is
that the manufacturers and tho merchants actually-own nothing. They Induce the people, Indirectly through
the banks, lo furnish them with
money, with which they conduct enter-
prises for theirown profit, and ngninst
the interest of the people,, while the
people havo, no voice or voto in the
manner* of conducting the enterprises.
Moreover, the peoplo haven't evon tho
remotest Idea as to how tliolr money
is actually used,
Don't you think, comrade, that If
you could convince the peoplo that
this system is a farcq, and that
collectivism is for their advantage
you will do something for Socialism?
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I.. Fisher
•A. McDougall, Mgr.     ".
Manufacturers bf and Dealers in' all kinds of Rough,
and Dressed Lumber     ,
Send us your orders
Fernie, B. C.
Whnt Ih the lenm .'mrHr-nt vim would I with  tlm  en-nperntlvnn, nnd  monv  n
Second Class Candid, .en,
1. What (if-- Ui'1 dnl leu n*' M-.i nvor
mau nH npeclfled In the act and tho
u|iecl.il  riijf<*t?    in.
2.~-W._.it nro the ir-rjulremt nth or
the net n» lo tlio iihi- of oxplnrilvcH
In mlnoH in which iiifl-imiii.-tl.le gas
list* been found within the -.r. reding
three mont Iik?   10.
.'I,—Wliat diwn Dw mi rnpi.'rd relative to ihe mine ufll(..*U.i u.\,uu.tL(iiK tiv u, aafcty lauiy:   10
the working places of a inde?    10,
employ upon n Belf-nctlng Incline,
hnvlng regonl to tho total load com-
potilllK Dw set?    12,
I,--In au engine piano .milling 15
ciii'H, th'.) totnl weight of which when
■wi-.-ut**.*   t-t   ufr'i't   ji-u-iiii-M-    Vi\\ ii,   aim    _*•■■_
rope lit 2,500 fcitt long, whnt Ih tho
tt-imlnn nn the rnpo nt Hut momont
of movement ut the bottom of tho
plane, the grndo being I per cent, the
ropo wolp-UIng -Trlb. per foot, friction
being 1-IOth of the totnl lnnd?   20,
.".-■Mow wnnlil ynti nvnld croups or
thrust!.? Can a cnei; or thrum i)0
pivv.inte.'| nftor 'f hni on'mmonood?
How would you den! with a creep
under tIiIh condition?   10.
fl.—Name four or five essential
ffftlurox or c'mdltlon*. required of n
good aafety lamp. Whnt In the pur-
lioxo of Dw glum, cap or double gauze
7.—-Describe. wUh skotchei If nee-
Htrlko hnH boon won, duo to tho Blip
port received from lho co-operatives**-.
In Jlru.SM'ls (ho labor movement had
heen  totally dlHorgiiiilzod, for a  fow
yenrH when tho workers of UriiM-olii
Tho cooperative of IlriiBseU wnB tho
inetuiH by which tho workers gave
new life to tho labor movomont nnd
give lt tlio Hlnntlard It hns todny.
It Is notable thnt those comrades
who are opposed to co-operation nro
u-iiitilly ultt-tt pi'Oktai'luu-... I would like
io point out lo theso comrades that
M'bffcvcp n awontr ■/•ooperative movo-
ment c.vl.sis in connection *tt'lt)i tho Socialist party tho representatives of
Dw p.iiiy Br<j of a much stronger
proletarian character Iban In tho
United HtntoH. Tho reason for thla
Ih ihat iim cooperatives Rlvo tho pro*
tci-ai-luiu wiUi mum.id ability au opportunity to develop these abilities to
One of the latest prominent tfan
tinmen to iptkk liltflily In Znm
Duk's fkvour li Mr. C. B. Snnfonl
of Weiton, Kind"! Co,, N.S. Mr.
Sanford is n Juiilca of the Pence
for ths County, *nd s> mombor ol the
Dosrd.of Schooj Commliiloneri,
i.lm .* -.-.-.j Db^vO.i SI, 11.a i_>a|-.,4v C-'f>l_\,_»
In .Wwlf-k. IndnndltwiW-l Imd tllnnll
to lind & man more widely known umi
moro highly rospootod, llnio U Iiiit
opinion of Z/im.-luk.   Howiy/.!—
"I itevnr u«b*I nnjrthlnn tliut Kiys mt,
such saturnctlon ns Znui-lluk. 1 liml it.
lntol* of Kirmnn, on my ankle which liml
beon th >ro fur OTer W yenr*,  Boiunl lm ■«
*-*"■* »;i,» u.w,mh» 'm»».-J_ u,t»*_.  (.ut, \,u III.
•nuulilBr.. I Imi nyplloa varoiu cini-
ittonti aurl trl-il nil norts pf tliln.« to
oiiuiln a uur*, but In -rain. .Z-m Hub, mi-
lki» evofviliinir e\M I had r,rl id proved
htftw *n\MtLOiorr and cured tlm aflu.eni.
"I h.iva ftUo ukwI K*m II k for _ta„iiitf
Pllos. and it his curod ilitm. O'tmplo t>\y
al*'). I t,ik« rorofnrt In holplng my (.miliar
man, amlirths publleati n or my opinion
ofthah-Miin-rr-Otia of Zam.link wll tmii
oth*rsiiiror(ir«ln trf ir, I ah.uiltt tm ch-1.
Hkin nincfk oi I kno-v ut nothing to (xjujI
iUui-li-.il.." „
ZtW'tiiik cure* ule#r*,»_ eNNa,'*l)lood'P«lio'il
nnrwoim. tiiurin* or ruanlaa tot**, tad Iff,
mUoM tiXem. wll rtonu, pnltt* lu-h. eot«,
J-urrii, Un im>«, Uhy* aor♦^ ale. P-awlf bttM,
ItiM lm, rtrt.;i_!iM tiid ttnttt, lUfutl IntlUtloul.
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
' Fernie
Queen's Hotel
Under New Management
Excellent   Table  and
■ ail white help
Additional  Table for,
28 More Men
R 0 Y A L
<*-   Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and , -
see us once
Wm. Eschwig,  Proprietor.
New and up-to-date
Handsome   Cafe Attached
Bur supplted with  tho  best WinoH,
Liquors mul Cigars
On first olass
businoss and residential property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
•K >•
Air oii t   Fernio   Brnnolt
Pellatt   Ave.    North
Furii-tui'O Moving a Spwialty
twwiwii.^iiiw'wwwwwipijaini i iiiiimpiim
I-Mvo Onloni with W. Kpny
l»M6MB  Tt
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Loading Cuiiuiiorciiil
niul Tmiri-jL House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee,. Liquidator and Trustee; auditor ta
lho Cities of Calgary and Fertile.,
P. O.  Box 308
McLEAN GO,, Ltd,
In •proforonco to oIIidib Ir lho ono
'ttiiuno ialiei t-boit> uur liium. tvimti ia
n Bunranteo of both purity nnrt quality,
lint sell thom by tho ensi lo flint class
hotels, dunlors, clnlm, etc. Ask for
them nnd you'll know why tho btut
Judges prefer th-tm.
Ledger Ads Pay -..<- =■-•
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods,'Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found .>' .
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork,. Mutton, Veal, Poultry,, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
.Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers I
-.-.-.•    ■■--..     >
_.«_ ■■
l '
Dining. Room and Beds under
New Management. ■■ ■
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00<
Indianapolis, Ind., 25 Agosto, 1910.
Per Gli Ufficiali.   e    Membri    Delia
Minatoril* Uniti d'America.
Sequito ai Lavoratori:
" Alla'vreggente Convenzione speciale
teste tenutasl in questa citta Agosto
dal'll al 21 d.c 1910. fu adottata la
seguente resoluzzione. Qiie, questa
Convenzione levasse un assegniam-
ento di un dollaro. per settimana su
dei membri della nostra organizzazione
che cohtinuamente si siamo trovati al
lavoro, cio per provvedere a quella
parte' inaggiata nel lungoso sciopero.
La* coramissione essecutiva internaz-
zionale,,puotra diminulre o abbolire
detto assegniamento a discrezione od
avvlso cio per., il migliore interesse
dei-mlnatorl unitl, d'America.
Ora avvi una grande. spesa per
parte della organizzazione mternaz-
ionalo Ogni membro dovra necessaria-
mento salvaguardaro e proteggerc
gl'interessl dei mlnatorl uniti d'America.
Per Intanto non e ancora stato spe-
cificato il tempo dalla convenzione
essecutiva per . decidere quando il
detto assegniamento dovra prendere
effetto. La vostra commissione Inter-
nazzionale deciseche il suddetto com-
incia viggere dal primo** Settembre,
1910.' *    ..
Vol non ce "dubbio prenderete a
cuore la seriosa situazzione' della nostra organizzazione; tanto seriosa che
a richesto di, richiamarc una speciale
convenzione inlernazzlonale per ris-
olvere e proseqiiire la migliora via
dello sciopero ora in progresso nei
varii distretti minerari, con la espr-
anza di un pleno successo.
Dato questo la continuazalone .dei
25 soldi sottomessa a votazziorie per
referendum non a raggiunto la mon-
tare voluto per far fronte alia situazzione.
Um dollaro per settimana di reg-
gente assegniamento specifica la su-
detta risoluzzione fu richiesto assolu-,
tamente necessario dalla convenzione
internazzionale per soccorrere i nostri membri in sciopero. -*-*'
Noiavvisiamo i nostri'membri dl
rispondere franchi ed inesitanti non
solo per soccorrere i • nostri membri
che combattono una si' nobbile bat-
taglia.ma bensi per proteggere la per-
petua della nostra splendida organizzazione. Por gente nel sentimento
degli operatorli di carbone ed ai suoi
alleati    interessi    che    tentono   una
ve vlastni moji hriidi. Delnici, pro-
letari! , Miti tak kazdy z nas zivotu
deset a moci je vsecky a cele venovati
tomuto nejkrasnejsimu, nejvyssimu
ukolu. jak zmehil'by se zivot^ oc
krasnejsim byl by svet! Pro tebe i
pro mne — pro nas' pro vsecky!..
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dinliig- Ronm Mg.r.
kkkkk ********-i't****x*******
♦•*♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦_►♦♦♦♦♦
Fernie Dairy
, . I'Kl.SH   M7I_)t    '
delivered   to   all
parts of the town
Sanders & Verhaeit Brothers.
Slioemakei& Repairer
llest hiuU'vIiiIh only iihciI
nud Iirst, cliiNH work-
iniiiiNliiji iMisiiritri
A Good Job
JOE PALVO     How Toon Plonk
guerfa sensaHt?egua~di" esterminazione
contro la nostra organizzazione.
Qui approssimatamente ora abbiamo
circa 100.000 del nostri membri in
isciopero nei variosi distritti minerari.
v_ne, fidenti an giurato . al principii
della'. nostra organizzazione e ■ loro
non* meno anno doterminato che loro
sono in un assotto dl sciopero che
"continuano la loro bat.taglia per il
drltto umano.
Indefidentl. alia loro battaglia ed
anche la vostra, i loro interessi sono
i vostrl, e noi.osprimlamo la spcraimi
ed„ avere tutto le raggloni a credero
die II nostro grando fasclo puotra
alzaro all'occasione fuori di puorili
crlterl dal suo cuoro in questo tempo.
Sulla luco dolla plattaforma del nos-
(ro indenllniento cho la sconfltta ill
uno concerne quella dl tutti, Rlspond-
lamo prontl,,o genorost, o con 11 mod-
oslmo. splrito cho a earatterlzzato 1
nostri mombrl nel pasnto' conflitto.
La vostra conimisBiono interim*,
zlonalo fermamcnlo credo cho II- successo coronera il nostro nfforlo. Dopo
qua'lcho soltlmnmo saninno passato 11
su citato nsHegniamonto sara ditnln-
uto o pure abbollto, a condlzzlonl o
rlguni'do dolln delta nzzlono. A nol
aiicpra cl urgo cho 1 nostri mombrl
inebntrnno la situnzlono prontnmontc
o roalo por Bupportavo 1 nostri mombrl In scioporo.
La vostra commlsslono Internnz-
zlonalo urgento rlchlodo olio tutto lo
locall inilonl ubbinuo un fondo dl
nvnnzopor potoronf front nro qmilotio
opportune pngnmonto. Dopo dl nvoro
rlcovuto quoRto clrcolaro I noBtrl
mombrl Biiranno tonutl In pionn in-
formnzzlono attrnvoi'Bo le coloniil dol
"Unitod Mlno Workers' Journal"-*-
Ycro , 11 giornale del mliuiloii unltl
d'Amorlca sottlmnnn por flottlmiinn do
progi'ossl futll nogozliinlo' lo cImihoIo
dol Biilnrll nol dlHtrotll ora colnvoltl
inollo Hcloporo. Mnndiito tiittn la mon-
ola ud Edwin Porry, Segrelnrlo Intor-
niizzlouiilo, 1101-11011 Stato Mfo Hulld-
Ing, Indliiniipollfl, lud,, TT. B, A.
Por ordlno dolln  coiniiilHHlnno  ob-
Hociitlvu liitoriiiizzluiiiilo.
Slncorl o frnturniiliiifiito, ,
T. h. LI0WI8, l'rt'H,
KM 1M-JHIIY, Hoc-TroiiH.
Tradc Marks
.. Coi>vnioHT» Ac.
A tirf-nfl ••ntllna a lUtl-il) Mid diworinil-m tn»T
i,mI«;i   ■-■-■ ■- -■■ —;- —■-"' •'■—• *•-
*, irus. uiiitui *|(«no]r.ftir.*«curi|iir_p«<«iiu_,
(Delnicke Listy.)
Zijeme ve vyznamnych dnech. , Svet
tmaru a zpatecnikii, svet bezohled-
nych vykoristovatelu porada na vsech
stranach po celem svete sjezdy, kon-
vence," kongresy, prehlizi sve rady a
siky, svoji praci, brzdaru a zalarniku
lidskeho ducha a uvazuje o novych
planech, 6 novych prostredcich, jimiz
by lid jeste vice v nevedomosti a
otroctvi upevnil, jeste vice moznosti
vykoristovani ziskal, jeste pevneji ten
dnesni bozsky poradek o hrbety neve-
domych otroku oprel.
A do toho ruchu a shonu, do toho
vyskotu a skreku* havranu zapadji
pbjednou jasne, mohutne hlasy od-
purcu vseho tmarstvl a zotrocovani,
vysoko vztycene. pochodne osvety a
svobody vrhaji* vitezne' proudy svetla
do mlhy a tmy nad sveteni rozlozene
a zpusobuji uzkost a des ii zmatek v
taboru vsech tech skrecku a krkavcu,
vsech tech ncnasytnych chamtivych
sobcu a. otrokaru stojicich ve sluzbe
zodpovednych hepratel'lldstva.
Byl to mezinarodni kongres ivolnych
myslitelu v Bruselu v minulych dnech
ukonceny a byl to predevslm svetovy
kongres internacionaly, nejvyssi snem
svetovy zastupujici vsechen proletariat
ktere jasnym, mohutnym,- po * vsem
svete slysitelnym" hlasem promliivily
o rostouci moci o sile* bojovnlku prava
a spravedlnosti, a vytrvalem, stale
uspesnejsim postupu na draze pokroicu
osvety a svobody lidstva. Zvucne,
jasave, vitezne hlaholily uchvatne
hlasy techto dvou svetovych snemu a
plnily novou nadeji a duverou, novou
radostnou silou a odvahou mysle a
duse nas vsech, vsech tech dries jiz
nescislnych * pracovniku, kteri usilujl
o'vymaneni lidu z.pout materielniho
i dusevuiho otroctvi. Nebot oba tyto
svetove kongresy zastupovaly v* pod-
slate jedny a tytez pracovniky, kon-
«cny cil jednoho je konecnym cilem i
druheho a ty, kteri na techto snemech
svymi delegaty promluvili, deli jen
zpusob prace,' jen ruznost cest ke
spolecnemu cili! . ' ■   ■-,
A.sotva rozjeli se delegati domu
prichazi nova zajimava zprava. Ve
Frankfurte v Nemecku sjeli se mluvci
proletariatu z Francie, Nemecka, Rak-
ouska, Anglie a z cetnych jinych zemi
a- zahajili novy, kratky, ale tim' vyz-
namnejsi snem, na nemz jednano bylo
o kulturnim spolecenstvi proletariatu.
. Kultumi spolecenstvi ■ proletariatu!
Co to znamena? Nemame-liz kulturni
spolecenstvi vseho lidstva? A je-li
ohledu'od ostatni spolecnbsti?
Nevime dosud, co receno a co usnas-
eno . bylo na tomto frankfurtskem
sjezdu. Ale i' takto jiz samo' thema
vzbuzuje , plno zajmu, ' plno uvah \
myslenek. , ,
Zminili jsme se - o " torn nedavno.
Diiosni kultura lidstva je v rozladu, v
upadku. Vychova, umeni, mravnost
dnesni jsou piny slabosti, piny hnilo-
by. Pod losklym, uhlazenym pov-
rchom skryva nase kulturnost odporno
bahno falesneho.mravu, falesne vych-
ovy, zaprodajneho, rafinovaneho umeni
slouzlciho jen ke drazdenl chtlcu ka-
pitalistickych trubcu. Ton llchy lesk
a zare oslnujl ovsem jeste mnoho neu-
vedomolych lidi, ano" I mnoho.. teolx,
ktori so ha oko iilasl k praporu vydo-
donych, 1* mnoho tak zvnnych „liitel-
llgontn.ich" dolnlku dava so jesto kla-
mat! tnn leskom, lou uhlazcnosti pov-
rchu iv, tahnou slepe 7a touto bludic-
Icon, nz poslozo uvlznou y bahno, saml
a hazojl pnk kalem po svych spolu-
Alo zallm pozvolna, slalo vsak pat-
rnojl vyniBta —- kullura nova, kultura
prolotarlntu. Novo, ryzo socialist Icko
iimonl vyrusta , na Vnoch stranach,
socialist Icko, -zasndy pronlknji do
vychovy skolBko 1 lldovo, nova mravnost pucl z koronu Boclnllsmu. CIb-
tota, vyzpflt, zdravl a Bl'ln dysc z toho
vhoIio a vzbumije v prflou prolotaro
rndoBtnou nndojl lepsi, ItraBiiojsl bud-
Ghcomo ■ novoho cloveka, chcomo
novy Bvot a tnko novou kulturii. Mus-
Hlm^r bo stalo rozliodnejl odtrhovntl
od kiiltury.dnoBnl, ktora ulilaTSujo Jen
povrch, alo drnvoo uvnltr clnl jen tlm
rafflnovanejalm, Mimlmo si uvedoniltl
zo jo nezbytno ho sturym-knpltnl-
Itillokym riuloin, ho Hlarym'prolmilym
n vol oni znloltl lnko stnroii, zbalmolou
kiilturu Joho n podnll I -zn to nnhrndii,
kiiltiirti nusti, HO'jlaliH'Ickoii, proloinrs
kou, Aln lo jo vollky, tozky ukol. A
Jo proto nezbytno vzhiizovntl pnruz-
inoiil pro tonlo ukol v prololnrlutil
oololio flvoln ii vosll joj k riidoHlnomu
sjndimronl v loto prnel, k iiovziihro-
Jlciinii I'liHurnlmii HpnlocoiiHlvl vnocli,.
Nohyl jitcm nn friiiikfni'tHkcm Hj(>zdu,
Alo JohI nil, Jiikohy nliliiH kniHiiycli,
iifiilHonycli hIov lam (ii-oiioh. nyrlt znol
Malgre .le gouvernement, malgre la
presse cpnservatrice et liberale, les
deux chambres riorvegiennes ont vote
la-loi donnantaux femmes le droit
total de vote pour les elections mu-
nicipales. Jusqu'ici 240.000 norvegi-
ennes votaient dans les communes a
cote de 430.000 norvegiennes. Desor-
mais le nombre 'dos electrices sera
fixe a 499.000 surpa'ssant de, 00.000
l'effectif des citoyens.
. Les femmes auront. done la ma-
jorite. Les femmes norvegiennes hos-
tiles a 1'alcoolisme ne. manqueront
pa's de demander des lois pour em-
pecker le peuple de s'empoisonner.
La France, qu'on dit etre la premiere nation, n'en est pas encore la.
R.    Trotter   Blame  I'Armee
Salut,  les  Capitalistes ct ia
"Lc Devoir!"
Port-Arthur, 14. — L'immigration a
ete le principal sujet de discussion,
hier, au Congres des Metiers et du
Travail du Canada. W.. R. Trotter,
de Winnipeg, a presente un long rapport, portant sur la necessite des restrictions a imposer et sur, les moyens a prendre pour eviter 1'exploita-
tion. II a critique seyeremeht divers
systeme d'immigration et ceux employes dans le passe, et a conclu en
ces termes:
"II devrait etre compris qu'on ne
tolerera pas les systemes prejudici-
ables aux interets canadlens, et par
ces mots je n-entends' pas que les
interets' de l'Association des Manufacturers et de la presse', leur alliee.
Aucun systeme d'immigration im-
periale ouvriere ne peut- nous, satis-
faire s'il n'est -pas conforme au systeme des gouvernements . federal ou
provincial.. Toute autre maniere de
proceder ne manquerait pas d'amener
une repetition de l'envoi scandaleux,
par I'Armee du Salut, de 10,000 per-
sonnes, alors qu'a Toronto seulement,
il y avait 7,500 ouvriers sans travail.
Que. l'on comprenne bien que nous
ne voulons pas Hitter tant contre' les
societes discreditees contre les systemes en usage par les compagnies a
la chasse de dividendes au Canada,
et dont les agents, autorises ou pas,'
sont tres en evidence durant les mois
• La question de l'immigration' a ete
renvoyee devant t une commission
speciale du congres qui il mettra a.
Le maire de Vancouver a invite les
chaine dans cette ville. On"_iscutera
cette question. Parmi les resolutions
au sujet desquelles on en a refere a
la .Commission des Resolutions, s'en
trouye une demandant qu'on legifere
pour ameliorer le logement des ouvriers dans les cantlers, de. construction. ■ .
- James Booker, president du Conseil
des' Arts et Metiers" de Port-Arthur
a propose la farmeture des buvettes
lo jour de la Fete du Travail, On a
aussi refere a Ia Commission speciale.
Une resolution a ete passee, qui
ost. ainsl redigeo:
"Que, commee ce sont les capitalistes qui provoquent les guerrcs, an
monde entier, lo Congros demande
avec insistance qu'ils aillent eux-
momes so battre.
List of Locals District 18
tvitiM txutUt, -without ch.t-.nm, in the
scientific American.
Alwndiiomoly UluitraU_l wtsokly. Jatetat elf.
fXtlnn of nny •dflniina Jniimtil.,'ronnii fM
l.«n».ln,*•.*•■> njeat,uo*i*n* pt-»n«M.   Buld by
tb.* bv -*»"Wt-*«.'*.li*'.
Hundny bint a tww tliiipcnrd want
into efft-ft and br-low wo Klvo Oh-
olinn(-''-« thut  (ifff-H  lliln point:
nt2--fi:*2'> a. in. Lorn), onijthoimil.
-.in— lO;0-i. lU-i-ulnr iiact-cnVor went-
7—11:10. X'lyar, wosil.ound.
-.n*-l.S:10.     Jtistilflr     I'-as.'-cTiijcr,
Jill—20;28, Local, wosllioiiiiil.
S—-l:.T,i, Vlyor, pnnlliounil.
•Ifi I
Corroctod Uy Dial riot Swrcliiry up to Auku-u 20, 1010.
llnnUliond  ....    V. WhMillov, Itimlclir-nil Alln.
Hen vor Crccic ., .V,   Mi'MoniiolI,  llonvor Creok,  vin I'lnclior,
UuUct ti*J    .......   ■/.   Iiiiil,',   ilvllvX t.tj,   /'iiiiil,  Alia,
Illalriiioi'o  In men Tuiuhiil), Dlali'iiioio, Altn,
1-iirmlB  TlioiniiH (Jronnry, HiirnilH. Alln.
Cnnmoro  T. Noll, ('nnmor.\ Aim.
Colpmnti   ....... \V. fJi-nlinm, Colemnn, Aim,
Cnrlmndnlf    (I.   M.   11nvli>fi    ("nrhnndn^   fnlomnn   Alln
Cnrdlff     .M. Lumber!,, Cnrdlff, Alln.
Corbin    .Ins. Dnvls. Corhln. 11, C.
lllnmnnd City ,, Oeorgo HohRon, ninmoiul City, LnlhlirlilRO.
Edmonton   .....  Ulclmnl TliompHori, Krnzor FIiiIh, IMinnnton.
lMmonton     M. Honlc, -131 Lorno Btrcol, Norwood, I'Mnionton,
Pernio   IX lleon, Fornie. II. C.
Frnnk  0. Nicol. Frank. Altn.
IIon.iii'1*   J. Ayic, llnsmi'i*, 11. C.
lIHInrcHt   ,. ,f. O. .IniiMH. 11 111."rent, Alia.
Li'ilil.rlilRO      \..   Mumv.   P.   O.   IIH.   l.flhl)i*lil|?o. Aim.
Mill*   W. h. Kviiiih. LilK Frnnk. Aim.
Mnplo I.onf .... M.  <:ildny.   Mapl*»  Leaf,   nrll-vir-. Altn.
Mlchol     M. Mirnll, Mli-hi-l. 11. V.
I'ollr-u FlnU ....  N«il   Duni-itii,   I'-i-ml-iire.   lU-llcvuo, Aim,
Pi.«r»l>iir8;      M-»rry Sinlnli. P.■t-nM.r-r, Alls,
Iloyol CollierloH. ('lmili*»i Mmllli. Iloval n.lllcry. U'tliljild^r., Altn.
Htrntliconn    A. Hlm**.*, KtrnMu-onn, Aim.
Taber  William I.iimi*-"]!. Tnbcr. Altn.
Tnher    K*  I!i«»*vii, 7'nln-r, Aim.
For a number of yenrs it, has boen
evident and  it' Is now a mattor of
common Icnowlodgo that, tho aliocp Industry in Cnnndn, particularly as .regards tho gonornl production of mm*-
l«it. Bheop nnd of high clnss wool, hns
heoii in nu Increasingly, decadent; condition.   Not only hns I ho-.-number of
.'heap owned  In    tho    country boon
grndunlly lossonlng,. but. tho Intorost
in Bhoop growing has Itself boon on
tho wnno.    Tho consus'of nhoop In
Cnnndn rovonls   tho   fnct   thnt, the
Dominion ns regards tlio numbor of
alioop lcept compnres not nt all fnv-
orulily with other groat agricultural
countries of lhe world.     Indeed, ns
compared with thom ll has pormlttod
sheep riilslng (o boconie a Boinowhat
iiiHlgnlficnnt phnRO of Its agriculture,
uotivllhHtiiiitllng ith grout adaptability
liolli ns rognrds soil nud cllmnto for
thn growing of mutton nnd wool.   In
HiOO ni'conllng lo ngrlcultiirnl rotuniH
(horo woro In tho   Unitod   Kingdom
31,838.83:1    hnnd    of    Hheop,    In tlio
Ai'gcMitlno 07,211,"fi-l hond, In AiiHtrulIn
87,01,1,23(1 bond, In Now Honlnnd 23,-
180,707 bond, wlillo tho Inlowt rotiiins
for Cnnndn plnco tlio niinibnr nt not
inori' tluni 2,70ri,:ifi0 lir-inl,   In vlow of
lli.< I'tit't Hint Hlu'op havo not only it
illi'i'ft nnd pilninry vnluo through tlio
nol mil  I'liiniiclii)  roturim  which  tlioy
mn lio  lo  llinlr owuoi'H,  hul   bccttiiHo
llioy inprosi'iil iib wnll 111 IhoniHolvcH
a in (ullarly tinpurt-tut ussoi In ngil-
I'liliui-p owing (o th'-h' ability to In-
citt.'iHn noil fori Hli y nnd lo chock nnd
d-mti'.iy   llu;  Ki'owtli   of  wooiIh   u|ioii
Dw Iiiiui, Iho Klliintlnu whicli Iht. itbnvo
flgiilcii KiiggcHt iip]ii'iii'H lo ho n riilh>
4*   j*.  jt*.J*.A**Am.J*.^*tt*i^*,^.^     M
♦ * 4.
♦ STAY   AWAY. ♦
■«*»                                                ♦
♦ f.utice to All Mine Workers.   ■♦
♦ All in I ii< r.s ;u*..' it'tiuimlud (o 4
♦ Rtny nwny front Irwin, Mndliinn,
*V-     ', I-,,     .--     -**',' At.M     llvttl.t
♦ iiilnliii*. towiiK iu Wi'titmoiiolnud
<<• toiiniy, wlH'iv a sirllio hns boon
•* lu «rri'(t Hlnct' April I, l!M0, thu
••> lonl f'()iii|i:iulf.s hnvlng I'ffiiHcd
■<> in )i'(ti-.iii/i»    tin'    uiliiprn' or-
♦ f-iiiil/iiiliin or r-ntt'i- Into u work-
•*>  ill"   :l'■*!•< ■■lit, tl',     A".'Pf.-   of  f!'.-!
•«► cn.'il ctirjinnitloiiK nro Hhlpplug
<>   TIM II    f.'l'll!    t.'lltiill-t   |'.'if In   of   III,,
<*• tiuititi;. tn lal.i' tl"' jilncc of Dw
♦ Rtrlk-Ts by iiil!-n>pi-*,h"iiiln_- lho
<► iiii*' rin.iliilnsi t'*i' iff nil Hi
ni.Wfls  FCKIIAN,
*J. IinNrK7\N.
» 4    *, X....I
er critical one and one which may well
receive careful consideration.      *   *
The reasons for the decline in the
sheep industry in Canada have been
the subject of much .comment in
various ways and while, these need
hot be discussed in this note, it may
be well to state that the livestock
branch has had its attention very
urgently directed toward the present
unsatisfactory status* of the business
and in vecognition of its importance
to the country generally, has now-
decided that the time is ripe for the
Canadian government to consider a
comprehensive policy and to undertake definite and extended measures
likely to operate toward the encouragement, improvement and development of the industry as a whole,
As a preliminary to the adoption of
any settled policy and- in order that
the livestock commissioner may inform .himself thoroughly as to the
details of the sheep and wool trade
in Great Britain and the United States
and as to condition's as 'they actually
prevail in .Canada, the minister of
agriculture has authorized the appointment of a committee of two competent
men tb investigate the sheep situation in general in the three countries
named. At the same time, It is the
expectation that, without an actual
visit, they will gather as much information as possible concerning the
trade of the other great sheep producing countries insofar as it may be
of interest in the development of the
industry in Canada. , It has been
thought advisable to have this committee consist of, in the first place,
a wool expert whose .special training
has made him familiar with all the
technical and practical phases of wool
markets and woolen manufacture in
the United Kingdom and Canada and
in the,second place;' a capable Canadian sheep, breeder whose experience
has given 'him a somewhat extended
knowledge of sheep farming in this
country. These gentlemen have already been appointed and are at present pursuing their investigations in
Great Britain. The personnel of the
committee consists of Mr. W. T. Ritch
of Manchester,, England, and IIr. W.
A. Dryden of Brooklyn, Canada.
c, Mr. Ritch," though perhaps unknown
to the members of the Sheep Breeders' association, has had familiar and
honorable relationship with tradespeople in Canada for a period of
years, having represented while in this
country certain English cloth manufacturers whose interests he served
efficiently and acceptably. Mr. Hitch's
experience'has made him thoroughly
familiar with the woolen industry in
England and Scotland, with the wool
markets and manufacturing districts
of that country and has besides given
him a general knowledge of the woolen trade including that in staple and
shoddy ■ articles' and in the manufactured product, both of England and
America.  He  has  visited   also in .a
bus.iness_canacitv-_lus.tr- lia_and_Ne.w-
Zealand and has niade careful observations •* concerning the growing
and marketing of wool in these two
countries. Combined with his technical knowledge, Mr. Ritch ' has ac.
quired a practical understanding *,of
the growing and handling of wool on
the farm and together with tills has
evidenced an enthusiastic and, intelligent" comprehension of what may bo
expected from the development of the
sheep industry in Canada, thus commending himself to tho attention of
the commissioner in connection' with
the appointment-to thei commlttoo. It
is felt that Mr. Ritch will bo nblo to
placo such Information at tlto disposal of the minister, his officers and
of all Interested in sheep breeding
in tills country, as is likely to be
particularly vnlunblo In the furtherance of tlio scheme for tho upbuilding of tho Industry wliich is now In
The othor member of tho committee, Mr. \\r. A. Drydpn of Brooklyn,
Out, Ih vory.woll known to tho stock
brooders of Cnnndn. The present
owner of Mnplo Shndtf hns fnlloii holr
to mnny of tho (.unlitlos whicli gnvo
Ills fnther so largo un Influonco In IiIb
own province, nntl nltliough ub yot
a eompnrntlvely young'mnn, hns acquired a kuowlodgo of tho stockman's
art, which hna nlroudy brought hlm
to tho foro nmoiigst. Cnnndlnn brooders, Mr; Drydon's collegium nnd ngrlcultiirnl education hns boon such iib
to bring hlm Into domnnd In n more
or Iohh public wny, nnd In recent yonrs
ho Iiiih beon nbout Cnnndn n good
donl In connection with judging nnd
othor work under, the siiporvlBlnn of
tho lIvoBtork branch, Mr. Drydon'H
jiiilgiiKJiit. Ih pntt-tlcnl nnd hiH rocog-
nlzod popularity spoiikfl woll for tlm
confldt'iir-i' which mny bt> expected
from IiIh fellow broodoi'H In his
nblllty lo perform, wllh crotlll in himself mid thein lho work which lio Iiiih
now iiiidertiil.on, In combining the
kiii'vIcoh upon UiIh (-nimiiltt-*..- of it
priicllcnl sheep irtnn, with liml of a
technical expert, tlio di'pnrliiK'iil linn
reiiHon to liollovo liml lho prnbleniH
of product lull unii of iiini'ki'tliiK, Imiit
nn rouiiitls wool nntl million, will be
Hlll'dilJl] llllll fllst'UHHCll In hucIi close
reliiiInn-ship thut tho i*onii|ih of the
enquiry will nitiHt Kiicn-rtHl'iiliy -.i-rvi-
tlte pm-pot*.' fur whli'li it Ih uiidei'-
Aflor i-oiiHiiliiiiliiii with ibe live-
Hiii'l. ifimiiilHsliiiiei', the iiieinlici'H of
lite ctilllltlltlie lllive of cttlll'Hii beell
allowed the liberty of 'It'i'i'iitllng
Inrgely upon iln-lr own Inlinllv.. In
plmmlm. their unite nntl lu evolving
, l.i>-   iii.i.ui.-,      iii       ui   ||*   III. I'hllKlllluJIi.,
•* T.>"   "0,it •■'•'.   -.,(.■ , ilui,    Mil!,   !.M,i* i, .',
'Ibe niiiW'wIinl iih follow..: Mr. Hitch
'| preceded Mr. Mrytleu lo KiikIiiikI In
11 mder lo niieittl n number of Impor-
■ i unit wttnl fn I rn In progi'i-H**. thirlnu-
Auni-ii nnd Septemh r,   There lie will
til-  ill  cnisi- iit.Mii' iillit'i   mill   «li(i| liter-
•chiMHs niul wllh men In to refill-, ur
fii_'iit'fi! in ihe woolen 11itd" In b»
■•(•..■nil brunches nu*| will Uiiik be
cniihl*'<l in ilNi'iist-* with them In till
Its phii*-' it, tl.e Mll'loilH tletuil't nf Ihi-
IndtiHiiy    In    'intneel'oii   .-.Iiii  both
',.*.,!,,,     ,.'., ',   ,i,.l I, ,,   Uilj! i.i'li..
('nth iiieitihi-r** of the coiunililee uro
''■'•",-. t.     ;i;i .. ,lt    .it   il.r   l,i(. i
lit' *lt. .!•■ - -lll'i .'tllllllUII !-i|i*l'|l liltl'*H j
' ., ' ll lit"* J!l tllllillS If-III It) 111 • hMri' •
I--11 •'!' A'- I'l. Wliuiif St-|itellil,ei mel ,
In "■*"'! * Tl ••> v.lI! -.Lit Hi„:;l. ]
licl'l t.iii] ti,- hur.i-r itieiii mini ,*' - •
t,l 1 dt.i;i.:i ,-ii.ii n| iilher i.li]>'<11,.tit j
l  .,..■..      ii    .»    |.«i.-/,,ut-   It..-it,   tliht    lli,"tp I
nil] "I" -j i-M 1,1   ui   i In-  .utniinl  i mu !
..!■ ,   nl   K 1 "   niul   m   nn*-' or  mil!
other leading centers. This will bring
them into intimate touch with sheep
breeders, mutton raisers, dealers,
butchers and provision men in all the
important localities. It will give
them an insight into conditions and
methods as they prevail on the farms
throughout the country. It will direct
their attention to the systems of marketing in operation in every stage of
the business.) Jt will furnish tliem
with information concerning prices*,
profits and as to the extent and
nature - of the trade, and in short,
give them a knowledge' of the great
sheep industry of the United Kingdom and of the import trade in dead
mutton and lamb. It is hoped that
the investigations in Great Britain,
will put tlie branch in possession of
such information and of such facts
and statistics as may .enable it "to intelligently assist in building up a
great Canadian business in the raising of sheep and a!so in, finding a
piacc foi- the Canadian products of
wool and mutton in the commerce of
the world.
Returning to Canada, the investigators will visit all (he provinces
and interview prominent ■ sheep men
nnd manufacturers in order to familiarize themselves with the difficulties, drawbacks and defects in connection whh conditions as they ..now
prevail and which have hitherto
operated to retard-the advancement
of the sheep Industry in the country.
It is expected that, they will gather
Information as to-1 lie injury inflicted
on our agriculture through the decline
of interest in sheep raising, that they
will take note of the localities where
the growing of sheep could be most
easily and profitably encouraged and
that, bringing to bear the suggestions
gleaned from their general inquiry
upon the various phases of the situation as they find it in Canada, they
will draft recommendations for the
guidance of the commissioner in framing, in-the very near future, such a
policy as will prove In the best interests of the industry.
If time permits, Mr. .Ritch and Mr.
Dryden  will  also  visit    the    United
States.   In many states of the union
as compared with Canada almost uniform   condition   prevail,   particularly
as  regards  the  advantages  that  are
possible and  which  may  be  derived
from*    an    extensive    sheep     trade.
Many  single states own  mors sheep
than are Id be found in uie whole of
the   Dominion,  and   although   to   the
south of the line there may be some
discouraging, features in the general
situation, nevertheless there may be
much in the way of suggestion tb be"
learned from that country.. -Further,
trade  relationships between  the  two
countries'   must   always   be"more 'or
less intimate and as the United States
notwithstanding   a   severe   duty, * imports'annually from Canada a goodly
quantity  of wool, it would  seem  to
be of direct advantage to have some
his officers will not be satisfied until
statistics show a return of'at least
ten times the present estimate and
until sheep raising has established
itself as a recognized factor in promoting the national  prosperity.   .
Gigantic    Industrial    Agitation    May
Weaken  Hands of the Trades
LONDON;. Sept. 18.—Whatever the
outcome of the gigantic 'industrial
agitation in Great Britain, the increasing prominence of the Socialist
factor is a salient feature. The Socialists have occupied advanced ground
and they are boldly proclaiming the *
early downfall of the trades union*
system and the erection upon its ruins
of a powerful socialist organization -
committeed to a lasting war on capital.  .
Fresh from the International Socialist congress at Copenhagen, the
British delegates, Messrs. Hyndman
ami Blatchford, accept the challenge
thrown down by a few veteran trades
union leaders, and declare that henceforth the British workmen must adopt
tlio tactics of the social-democracy of
tlie continent and aim not only at
solidarity of sentiment, but also at
solidarity of action.
There has been a ronmrkablc response In approval from the ranks of
labor, and even if trade unionism resists the shock the, number of, militant SociaVsts is bound lo be In- -
creased considerably. So profoundly
aro thoughtful Liberals impressed by
the socialistic campaign that Sir Edward Grey, foreign minister, in a
speech at Tweedmouth Park, referred
to the "notable increase in Socialist
strength among us."
He'warned the electors against
abandoning free trade-"inasmuch as
protection is a - short cut to Socialism, notwithstanding a great stimulus
in all protectionist countries, because
of heavy cost of living."
Ipecific" mformaTion "concerning the
status of* the trade- in the former
country and also to its availability
as a* future market.  '    *•'
Canada has', undoubtedly, wonderful
possibilities and large opportunities
in connection with tlie development
of its sheep population. . Tlie present
investigations have been undertaken
as preliminary to the adoption of a
permanent scheme for the encouragement and upbuilding of the industry.
In the belief that Canadian agriculture must' of necessity suffer severely whilo sheep remain so few In number ln tho country, tho minister and
The'latest addition  to the publications of Saskatchewan   is  "The Sas-
katcheman  Farmer," a monthly journal devoted to the interests-of Western   agriculture    generally.     If.    has
seemed somewhat of an anomaly that
the" leading   grain   growing  province
of Canada should not have a journal
of  its own   administering  to  the  interests of its chief industry, but this'
state of affairs   has   been remedied, .
and  the  farmers    of    Saskatchewan"
now have an organ whicli will champion with* authority and accuracy their *
For the present "Tho^Saskatcheiyan
Farmer", will be issued monthly, the
intention    being    lo    make it a bimonthly  within   tlie  near  future.    It *
wan  Farmer  Co.,  Limited,  of  Moose
Jaw, of which E. J. McMillan is president, and   A.  J.   W.  Galbraith  business  manager.    Mr.   Hugh   McKellar
will be the editor,   His long connection ' with   the   agricultural jntoresls
of  tho   west,   wliich   extends   ovor  a
period of 30 years, eminently- tltn him
for the position ho occupies, Few men.
thero are who know  tlio agricultural
conditions of this province ns well as
he docs.    Tho first number  will appear In a few days, sample copies of
which  may  be obtained  by  addressing tlie offlco of publication.      Tho
subscription  prico  is  ?1   per nnnum.
I'lio mnn 'who bcoi-iih the sagacious
Investment of IiIh Hnvlng.s hns yot to
lenrn llio true principles of frugullty
nntl thrift.
'Deposit ono dollar.)o duy—iiegln to
provide ngnliiHl old ngo nnd financial
J, R. LAWRY, Agent
iK'ii V _
of Canada
W*,l.iM&-li.     .*.-*;:•*....■   I.i'
Paying Bills by
Dopont your ready monoy in the Home Bunk
and pay your household or porsonul accounts by
•c-.t'juv.,    "iiii; -_.k1i.-4ut- lt» H JOC'-lpl   -UIU lit Uie CIUl
of tlie iiionili nil cheques will be returned to.-you
\yith your bunk book accurately baliuVced. Try
thc plan this month. Do not think' your account
is too sninll--small and laj.(;c.*ull fall into the
eawe loi'lim. cf i.y-ttm in a h'ahking office.
John A,.air, Manager, Fcniie Di;_-._li
JBBf _££_" JW JS3T i
— ~ — M,A • A
A. Gillespie is once again'around
after a spell of sickness.
Will Phillip V_ Lackey please write
his sisters? Address care F. V. Hogg,
Box 132, Lethbridge, Alta.
The report comes from Banff that
Mrs. C. C. Wright is in a very critical
condition with rheumatic fever.
* * W. M. Scott, the undertaker contemplates making a change - in Abe
, near future according to a rumor.
Special rates to Victoria via G. N.
railway September 24th' to September
28th, account Provincial exhibition.
Robert Duthie returned on Thursday . from a flying trip to Calgary.
Please don't' smile at the adjective.
John Carraher, better known as
Johnny, behind the deuce," is a guest
of the city hospital suffering with a
buriied leg. •  **
The secretary of the Miners' theater is advertising for a lessee, rn the
meantime tho moving pictures are
being shown nightly.   '        ■    '
We regret that, the name of B. L.
Thome was omitted last week from
tho list of successful candidates in
the first class division, and trust this
correction will .'be satisfactory.'
A grand millinery opening at Miss
TSuler's, beginning Friday,and follow-
days. A complete range of all tho
latest and tastiest styles on view. All
aro invited to call.and examine.
In one of our exchanges wo note
that Harold Cue, who . was on the
staff of "The Ledge" here in the days
of R. T. Lowery, is at present in
Colorado Springs a" victim" to tuberculosis. '
The marksmanship of our local gun
experts shows an increase of about
15 per cent over last, year's, records
and makes them keen .competitors for
any challengers throughout the province.
" W. A. Ingram reports that, business
in all departments is excellent and
that tiie bowling alley is kept so
busy in the evenings that students
of engineering courses make a rendezvous'for the purpose of calculating the coefficient of friction.
. Phillip Hopkins, a .miner working
in No. 5 mine, was brought up before
Judge P. E. Wilson charged with having a pipe on his person in contravention of the Minos Regulation Act,
and was sentenced to seven days in
jail without option of a fine.   .
The editor of the Kootenain objects
to being the recipient of "culled?'
- apples when the neighborhood boasts
of the excellence of its fruit. Why
..object? If all "the good apples were
eaten at home bow could they be
shipped abroad .as*.advertising specimens? _   -
The music in Knox church for Sunday morning will be a solo, "Gathcr,-
 Iitio- T(ViyiaU:__! hv M*.c#P__Qarlilifll-_^___,Ji_Qi:
Sunday evening: Solo, "0' Loving
Father,", by Del Dago, with violin
obligato, sung by Miss 'Collings, and
an anthem, "Rejoice in  the Lord
Intending investors would  do well
to. examine  the special inducements
that are being offered in Coleman by
Thomas Crahan whose advertisement
. appears  on  page  eight.    This is  an
excellent opportunity and being close
at hand   may  be  personally  investigated at small expense.
As a gentle reminder to all old
members of the Independent. Order of
Good Templars, the Fernie Excelsior
lodge meets evory Tuesday evening at
8 o'clock in tlio Baptist school,.room
and a hearty welcome is extended
to all who are Interested In tho
furtherance of the temperance cause
In this city.
Miss Stewart is the new matron at
the hospital vice Miss Kidd, who is
now Mrs. Wilmot.
Mrs. A. L. Patterson "of Lethbridge.
who has been visiting Mrs. A. A. McBean, returned to her home oh Friday evening.
D. V. Mott left "on 'Wednesday to
visit Cranbrook, "where he will make
a special writeup of the fair that is
being held in .the Banana burg.
There are but few vacant houses
at present in Fernie, one however
which we trust will long remain untenanted is the Isolation hospital.     "
i J. Wood Taylor, who has been in
the employ of the local branch of the
Canadian Bank "of Commerce,* has
been transferred to - .the --Vancouver
branch of the same . institution. He
left this week visiting Spokane en
route to his destination. -,
The Store of Good Values
A-quartet of gallant wood spoilers
sallied forth in quest of prey last*
week calling upon the "Three Sisters"
on thoir journey, and whether or not
the suggestion of Cupid's darts affected their aim or not the successful shot was made by a married man.
After making a meal, tho balance of
the meat was hung ovor a cliff to be
called for at a lator time as the
weather conditions had .nade the descent so slippery and hazardous that
as a matter of prudence lt was
thought best to hasten home as lightly burdened as possible. An attempt
was" made Sunday by one of the party
to return to the cache, but without
avail as he got on tho wrong trail.
The following are the names of the
disciples .of Fenimore Cooper. Robert
Alexander,-Bert Bramley, Walter Stevenson and E. J. Decker. "
Thunderer's Conclusions as to  Effect
df Intemperance upon Offspring.
LONDON, Sept. 24.—For some time
a controversy has "raged in the columns of the Times on "Alcohol and
Efficiency." The whole question at
issue is how far it is justifiable or
wise to generalize from the strictly
limited inquiry into a group of children ih Edinburgh and Manchester
whicli formed tlie basis of the report
drawn up by Prof. Karl Pearson and
Miss Elderton. What is shown, is
summarized by,the Times itself. The
object" of the investigators was to
discover "whether or not the consumption" of alcohol, even ih quantities
which may fairly be described as. ex-'
cessive, is • discoverably harmful to
offspring while . they arc still children," and.the result, of the investigation is briefly this:
" "Within the limits of the actual inquiry, no sufficient evidence of such
harmfulness has been obtained; and
the  facts   are  even  found  to   afford
If our Grocery Department caters to
your la'ble needs you will not have "to
'complain-about "the high cost of' living. Highest quality at prices that
mean' an evcry-day saving to you together witli a store.service that guarantees you satisfaction »are some-'of
the reasons why it -will pay you to
have us fill -your table requirements.
Alberta Government Creamery Butter,
3 pounds for   $1.00
Christie's Cream Sodas, 2-lb. tins_ .30c
Blue Label Tomato Catsup, per
bottle ,---30c
Reindeer Condensed Milk, 2 tins.. .25c
Chase & Sanborn's Seal Coffee, 1-lb.
.   tins   '.'.'. 40c.
Ogilvie's Rolled Oals, 8-lb. bags...35c
Extra    Fancy    Cooking    and    Table
Apples, 4 lbs 25c
Per case $1.65
Cooking   and   Table   Molasses,   3-lb.
tins 20c
"White Swan Laundry -- Soap,    carton
6 bars  ...20c
Blue Ribbon and White Star Baking
.    Powder, per tin .'" 15c
Cream of Wheat Breakfast Pood, per
package    ' 20c
Baked *■ Beans;    Plain    and * Tomato
Sauce, 3-11). tins  15c
"B. O.?'    Pure    Cane    Sugar,    20-lb.
■    sacks V;., '.$1.30
1    SATURDAY.    „
Bananas, per dozen 30c
Two in oiie and Staon Shoe Blacking. 4 tius  " ,.' 25c
Concord Sardines, .2 tins 25c
Pels Naptha Soap, 4 bars..] 25c
..Shreaded Wheat Biscuits, 2 pkgs. 25c
Money  saved is money earned.    Yon.''-can save
money by allowing ns to supply your daily wants,
our endeavor at all times. being to place within;
your reach,  reliable merchandise  at the lowest
possible cost to you.        \ '
24 only Linen Table Covers. 7 These
are good Bleached "cloths,: 60x80, all
hemmed ready for use. "A splendid
cloth for   every-day   wear.;1" Regular
$1.25:    Special Saturday.
24.  dozen:- Linen   Table . Napkins/,
These-Napkins arc all hemmed.   They
come ih six-assorted patterns, size3.
18x18.   Regular $1.50 to $1.75. Special
;,, In "all leathers and made up in the
new, snappy fall models..   On account
of sizes being broken out. go the remainder at the very low price of,-per,-
pair. .-.   ....$3.95.
Special'line of* Women's Shoes; new
- Fall styles, Blucher cut, in light Don-
gola Kid and heavy Box ,Calf, making
ideal shoes for winter wear.'   Special -
for Saturday ■ .'.'.. 7:7 . .$1.85"
Space will only permit us to mention.a few of the many lines reduced
in,price, but an inspection will prove
that our complete range 'is under tlie
knife _or this special day's sale.
Royal Oak Buffet, Early English
finish; Bevel Mirror,- size 10x40 inches.
Two , large size* Glass Doors. Pirst-
elass workmanship throughout. Regular $28.00.
-For" Saturday selling  /. $19.25
75 pairs , of Batli Towels, in White
and Natural Color. These towels are
all large size and good heavy quality..
Sold regularly at  60c,  65c and 70c.
Special Saturday
Royal Oak Sideboard, Golden Gloss
finish, substantially.built; fitted' with   Regular COc, 65c
,   50 pairs of White Cotton and Linen
Towels.   Large size and good quality,
and *: 70c.  , Special
beveled    Mirror,    size    14x24 inches.
Massive construction standing 80 "in.
'high.   Regular- $24,00..       ""    ■''
For Saturday selling! $15.40
Our Dressmaking Department under
tlio supervision of - Mrs.* Davy offers
you a service that cannot be.excelled."
For, a few days your choice of the foi-.
lowing- cloths,' Diagonals, Serges, Pan-"
amas; Satins, Shepherd Checks, at.,a
very special low price.
Tailor-Made Skirt; complete .'..,,.$5.00
One-Picce Dress, complete..... .$12.00
,, Saturday, pair ......7 , .50c
Britannia Underwear for Men,- guar-'
anteed . unshrinkable;   spliced   seats,
knees: and elbows.   Regular $3.00 per
suit.   'Special, per suit;' ..;..$2.25
Broken Lines of Boy's Odd Knickers, in sizes 23 to 32. Made up with
double seats, double knees, double
stitched. seams; well made' and
60c to -75e,' special. 50c
85c to $1.15, special..... .75c
Tome coloTToTGc suggestion tn5r"il>
temperance is a vice, of tlie strong
rather than of the weak, - and that
hence it may' be more frequently associated with a' favorable than with
an unfavorable inheritance. The one
fact discovered against it is that of a
higher rate of infantile mortality
among the children of tho Intemperate, -a rate partly masked by greater
apparent prolificity, and more marked
among the casually or occasionally
Intemperate than .among the habitual
drunkards, as if it might be, largely
a consequence of the accidents incidental to occasional periods of neglect,"   .
Much recent evidence lias-tended to
weaken tho old Idea about the curse
of heredity. The notion that children
are horn with a taint appears largely  to  bo  superstition.    To  a  much
larger extent than was formerly supposed they appear to be" born equal
in .the physical sense—i. e.,"' without
any discoverable seed of disease
which need necessarily develop if after birth, they can be brought up under  good  conditions. - -   -
_■ t.. rrl __=_.! 11 m r_____. f=
nnt\] wei&liin _
1,200,pounds holds the record around
Edmonton, Alta. This was recently
takon from a 15-fpot 'seam in the shaft
sunk on the Pembina Coal company's
property, about 60 miles west of Edmonton, on the Grand Trunk Pacific
railway. .This Is the_ property in
which the Duke of Siithenands and
Cecil Ward are heavily interested.
Tho coal is a much higher grade
than the Gait or any coal being mined
around Edmonton,' cnrrylhg 58 per
cent fixed carbon. A deal Is now
pending with an Engflsh syndicate' for
the purchase of the Black Diamond
collieries property, directly adjoining
the holdings of. th. Pembina coal
company, Tho price offered it is
understood is $100 an"acre, or $448,-
000 for tho property.
Would 100 Per Cent Profit in One Year or
300 Per Cent, in Three Years
Look Good to You ?
Before you place anothor dollar in an investment of auy kind I
want you to investigate tlio largo profit possibilities of
Without tho leant hesitation, I mako tho procliotion HERE  and  NOW
that investors who buy EAST COLEMAN lots at present bed rook prices,
should realize net profits of at Joont 100 per cent in ono year and 300 per
cent or more, in three years.
Large Lots Low Price Perfect Title
Michel, B. C. Coleman, Alto,
You need thorn.   We have them.4'   Come ancl get then
■ ■ *
|   Roma Hotel Block    »       .    --'.*• Fernie *
Rohert Bogue, a telegraph operator employed at the local commercial office, passed away at the city
hospital on Wednesday of pernicious
ainorala.. Tho' deceased gentleman,
who has heen,here about two months,
was of reticent disposition and but
little was known of his' antecedents.
He wiib a member of the Order of
Railroad Telegraphers! which organization is taking chargo of his affairs ponding reply from Ills brother,
Walter, of St.. George, N. B., of
which placo tho deceased was a
The body wna shipped to New
Brunswick Friday evening for burial,
Corner lot.and houso on Cox stroot.
Pleasantly located,   $750 cash.
. Special round trip rates to Spokano
via O. N. railway, Octobor 1st to 7th,
account Intcrstato Fair.
Podigroo Alrosdale - pups. Choice
stock C. \V. Mltcholl, V. O 1)2, novel-
stoko. "'
Special round trip rates to Now
WostmliiBtor via O. N. railway, October 1st to 5th, account exhibition.
It's up to you. Wo aro hero to nave
you money In furnituro and stoves.
Tho Trltos-Wood Co.
Millinery opening next week, Friday, September 23rd and 24th. Miss
Don't forgot tlio Bpot to buy furniture nnd houso furnishings Is at tlio
TrltoH-Wood Company, Limited.
Buy a Standard Sewing Machine
mid hiivo money, Thoy aro In a clnss
by thomHolvoB, nt the Trltos-Wood
Company, Limited.
Linton, wo can save you from 120,00
to !_!!. on a sewing machine, and give
you tho best, "The Standard," tho machine that has them nil boat, and thon
some,    Tlio TrltoH-Wood Co.
Tlio speeinl foo for Joining tho
vVoi-klngmon's Club of $1.00 Bhould ho
taken ndvnntngo of beforo it Is with-
. ., , ,  ,
UIU) ,tl, 4ltV     iUW. llVHttlr.ll-    lb     Ml.      ItOVl
t\x\t\ ortlvlon nre -Mil! opt*"*! lo thonc
thnt nro eligible.
Two lots In block 70, numbered 0
nnd 7. Ono a corner lot. This proporty In nil planted with garden truck,
fotifod nil n round     $ . WO onnb   A*[.rtlv
K. Ilnr.j-.-r, McPherson avonuo.
If you don't wnnt to ho firing up
overy hour during tho wlntor to keep
from freezing to death, all you havo
to do Ih to buy a McCInry brlck-llncd
Hot IllnNt. Conl up at JO o'clock p, m.
and Klie In goo-,! for alt night. Try
one nt the Trltci-Wood Company,
Our llnngcs are all fitted with semi-
st-*vl Slnlnw. Thc greatest Invention
on Mirth. No moro castings. The
oven u constructed of lQ-guaga nlckla
nlf-iM. mtklng the mont even bakers
on ihe market. Thejr have no equal
tn quftiify, finish or price. Tho Trites-
Wood Co., Limit*!.
?F OR RENT—Furnished rooms with
or without board. Mrs. M , Hoclzel,
opposite Baptist church, ,
F,OR RENT—Two 'rooms for light
housekeeping .with use, of .bathroom,
Apply Ledger Office.
FOR SALE—Recontly new $140
Dominion Organ, with stool. Excellent condition. Prlco $70 cash. Apply
"W. P." Ledger Office.
FOR SALE—A good fruit and
chlckon ranch containing about soven
acres, together with now hoiiBO and
chicken house and about 200 chickens.
Apply box 358, Nelson, B. 0.
FOR SALE—Ono cornor lot in
Fernio Annex, 60x120. Apply Mrs. M,
Hoolzcl, rooming houBe, oppOBito
Baptist church.
Boarding Houbo.
SALE—Furnlshod    boarding
Proporty known as tho^Qill
Apply Ross & Lano,
FOR SALE—Throo-room cottage on
corner lot, 00x120, Mason avonuo.
Price, $r>7G. Terms, Box 371, Fornio,
B, C.
FOR SALE—One genuine Walnut,
bookenso; ono oak sldobonrd. Apply
at tho Duthlo Hardware company,
FOR LEASE—Grand Thoator; seating cnpnclty G50; electrically lighted
nnd hontod; stngo accommodntlon
ndequnto for largest traveling companies, Minimum term of loaso ono
yonr. All application*, to ho rocolvod
by Octobor Sth. Address D, Rees,
301 P. 0„ Fernie,' B. C.
WANTED—Cotl on    Rngn   nt   Tho
District Ledger Offlco,  Oood prices
BOARD — For two rospoctnhlo
gontlomon; uso of batli; modem convenience*.,  Apply "Q" District Ledger,
Fit-Reform Suits make a search
for anything better a waste of time
If you want the best there is, there is no reason
why you should not have it.
Fit-Reform prices are within every gentleman's
income-and Fit-Reform styles are unfailingly
Above, we show two of thc new models for this
season-on the left is the "Straight FrontMhe
other, is the "Young Man's
Sack". Both are made in
imported Worsteds and English,
Scotch and Irish Tweeds.
1 _
- _
** _
$18. to $35.
FOR SALE—Ono-fourtli ncro lnnd;
\ll\l *«,n*lt_)  il*,!**. VAl ,    Siv.ftt,  iTvi.iiu,   $_•_>_.
cnsh.   Apply "D" Lodger Offlco.
~TNtXn*TEI3—A limited number of
young Indies to comploto clnss In
Dermatology. A full courso includes
hnlrdrosHlrig, marcel waving, buir dyeing nnd bleaching, scalp treatments,
facial iiiaHHugo for removing wrinkles,
blarkhcnds and blemishes of tho akin,
iimrikurlng nnd children's hair cutting, wig making nnd hair work in all
Its branches. Oood ' positions are
easily ■w-nrr-tl by graduates from this
college. Courso open October 15th.
_ull partSeulsrs on appll-rallon to the
secretary. Miss Kva Powell. Canadian
College of Dermatology, 7M Pender
street, Vancouver, B. C.
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie
. >■
Us pay money to white labor
i> *
i -


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