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The District Ledger Aug 20, 1910

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 ,,  «.'
-ryy ■■'!/,wlueteIEiLrao-aoj„M,M;.-:
industrial Unity is Strength
Tbe Official Or g*a.t_ of District No.. 18. *J. M.;W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
vor,. VI. No. 3
FERNIE,   B. C, Awgust 20tti 1910
$1.00a Year
DON .BUM
7 FOR IT
Do Not Let Generosity
Run Away; With
"Your Head
Don't be generous or you may be
gaoled Is the advice we offer to all
and  sundry  whose  generosity  takes
fluid shape because It Is the intention
of those who have charge of the enforcement of the law dealing with tho
,liquor traffic  to  see  that it is fol-
, lowed out thoroughly and If there aro
any  objections  to  their  performing
their  duty remember that, they are
merely tlie Instruments and not the
creators of this drastic regulation.'
." Tomorrow is payday and very likely
the bottle may be passed around in
the spirit of sociability and not with
any desire to breed trouble/Vet this
- act may mean breaking the law, and
' In order. that the conditions may be
more widely known we wish to call
.  attention to everybody that in aicord-
' ance'with clause 1, of section 75, of
the "Liquor Act, 1910, ANY PERSON
or license holder selling, bartering or
giving liquor to any person named in
such circular notice issued by
publishes an . article describing the
English suggestions of a limitation of,
armaments to "pure funk," consequent
upon England's knowledge of the
superiority of the German ships and
guns and broadside' arrangements—a
superiority which extends -even to the
giants of the Hercules class,
This journal proceeds, to dilate upon
the absurdity of Germany agreeing to
a-halt in armaments just when the
Krupps are about to produce ' a 35-
centimetre (14-inch) gun, i. e„ a' gun
bigger than England's present biggest,
and one moreover having double the
life of English guns.
There can be no doubt that this
revelation proceeds directly from
Krupps, as no word of such an invention has hitherto been whispered
in Germany. The article completely
justifies the Vorwart's .warning that
the big firms are fighting for their
life against the real public sentiment
in favor of an agreement.
RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION
AGAIN   TO  THE
FORE
FOR EXAMS.
List of Men Writing for
Certificates Under the
Goal Mines Act
the chief- of police in any
municipality,- so long as such notice
remains unrevoked, shall be' guilty of
an offence, against the provisions of
this act."  .This is plain enough, but
'there is-a''fault that may be, noted
and that is the names and addresses
oi' those* who aro interdicted, siwashed
or on' the Indian list * which ever
phrase, one wish to apply * to it. and
as the . general publio do - not -know
■^lI^hTsTlmFnrrcWse^ently^-^ "ffiaff
')
-,may give ..another liquor that should
.';not.have it and by* so doing break
the law and, get into trouble for so
doing.   This ignorance does riot, ex-
- cuse, and* while it may have heen
done with no wrong-intent1: .his,-does
, ..not prevent the' running tlie'risk of
being brought up before the authbrP
' ties and fined anything 'from; $100 to
$300.' This Is the reason we advise
DON'T BE GENEROUS OR YOU
MAY BE GAOLED." Follow this and
tliere is no fear of getting into the
*' clutches of the law officers if you
treat nobody to a drink stronger than
cold., tea or Iron brew. - "' *
- If the names and descriptions of fill
tlpsymanlacs wore,published ' ln the
newspapers thero would bo less likelihood of anybody bolng arnested,
however, ns a Buggos'tlon lt would not
bo a bnd ldoa If any of thoso who
aro in,tho habit of passing tho bottio
nround would cnll upon the chief of
polico nnd find out   from   him tho
■, parties thnt must not bo furnished
with liquor because Bonio of thoso
men on the list nt present aro cnpablo
■ of going nlmost to nny extreme to
gratify thoir appetites and thon when
thoir condition Is found to ho such
thnt tho havo got jag-juico from
someono thoy nro vory Jlkoly to
"Rquonl" so ngnln lot us sny, "don't
tront anybody to' liquor and" you'ro
safo."
Reports that appear from* time. to
time regarding the construction of
railroads or 'the completion • of the
same are again to the fore and among
others we note the possibility of the
early completion of the Arrowhead
& Kootenay, a .branch line of the
C. P. R., which at present terminates
at Arrowhead. The continuation, of
this piece of road along the line .surveyed would mean a great shortening
of the distance between the Crow.'s
Nest and the Coast, and also effect
a considerable saving" of time both in
the passenger traffic and in the
transportation of freight; this would
be the more noticeable in'the freight
department, because' of^ the many
transfers that are necessary by the
existing route.
The portions that are needed to
make up the connecting link are between Arrowhead and the foot of
Trout. Lake. At this place there is a
train service from Gerrard to.Lardo
of about 34 miles and somewhere in
this neighborhood the survey crosses
over to the north side of Kootenay
lake, along which it runs to Kootenay
Landing.. • .
" If this route were in operation the
journey by water along the Kootenay
lake' tb Nelson,* the »run from the
■Iatter~*place—by~Tau*~to—Robson—and"
the whole day's" journey to Arrowhead Lakes: would ..be entirely eliminated Tvith a- corresponding r economy,
of time and'decrease "of traveling inconvenience Inseparable ". from this
roundabout journey../'"
C.
C.
BAPTIST SUNDAY SCHOOL PICNIC,
Names of candidates sitting at ex-
amlntlons for certificates under Coal
Mines Regulation Act:
Managers—First Class Certificates.
D. A. McCaulay, Coleman, Alta.
F. D. Peacock, Frank, Alta.
F. * P. Alderson, Hosmer, B. C.
D. Davis, Coleman, Alta.
A. Kinsman, Fernie, B. C.
James McCullock, Corbin, B. C.
R. T. Stewart, Fernie, B. C.,   .
B. L. Thorne, Hosmer, B.. C.
W. G. Mazey, Coal Creek, B,
'   A. Matuskey, New Michel, B
Joe Thomas, Passburg, Alta.
A. W. Baxter, Lethbridge, Alta.
L. E. Drummond, Hosmer, B. C.
Overman—Second Class Certificates
R. J, Lee, Grassy Lake, Alta. •
Robert Anderson, Hosmer, B.'C. '
„J. McLeod, Michel, B. C.
W. Cummings, Coal Creek, B. C.
* H..E. Miard, Coal Creek, B. C.
R. Adamson, Coal Creek, B. C.
J. Cobden Hughes, Corbin, B. C. '.
E. Roberts, Passburg, Alta.
Fire Boss—Third Class Certificates.
David Shanks, Fernie, B. C.
John Jenkins, Fernie, B. C.
Thomas Bullen, Coal Creek, B. C.
John Hill, Coal Creek, B. C.
J. Dunachie, Hosmer, B. C.
B. J. Lewis, Michel, B. C.
Thoihas Banns, Coal Creek, B. ,C.
J. W. Makin, Michel, B. C.
R. Doodson, Coal Creek, B. C.
:. M. Joyce, Michel," B. C.
. P., Mullen,' Fernie, B. C.
. M. P. McLeuu, .Michel, B. C."
R. Garbett,. Michel, B.C. ^    .	
TPeteF^uagerJb'ernlerTBKTC:        '
' T.,Thomas, Coal Creek,*B. C.       "
W. R. Puckey, Coal Creek, B. C.
Leroy Taylor, Michel, B. C.
Thomas Smith, Fernie, B.C.,   '
"Walter Price, Coal Creek? B. C.
R. Heaps, Michel,'--Bi C. .
, A. Cook, Passbiirg^B. C.,';
THE FERNIE STEAM  LAUNDRY.
A NEW LIVERY AND \
TRANSFER FIRM FOR CiTY
\
We have information from Mr.
Barton, formerly of the 'Empress
Transfer company and agent for the
Canadian Oil company, who oh August
9 purchased lots 5 and 6,' bWk 25,
corner of Victoria and Thomson
streets, and also -on same date took
over the business of the Fernie Cartage company, that he will continue
the business but on a large scale in
a* few days.* Mr. Barton' intends
making many improvements, remodeling and refitting the buildings. Within the next week he will start a livery
service consisting of 10 driving horses and a first-class,, complement of
buggies in proportion.
In spite of the so-called hard times,
Mr. Barton is. planning to erect a
new concrete, fireproof warehouse on
the corner of Victoria and Thomson,
frontage on Victoria avenue. Ho will
make a specialty*of storing and moving pianos and furnitrue.
One-half the warehouse will, in all
probability be* for renting purposes
and considering the* very valuable
location vacancy is impossible.    ,
LAYING OF CORNERSTONE
AT CHRIST CHURCH
A
PAINFUL
ACCIDENT
GERMAN  PRE88 AND
DISARMAMENT
„iThe annual Baptist Sunday,-.School
Picnic was held in tho park, to tho
south of the city on Wednesday last.
Tho day was flno and a large gathering of old and young kids where
on hnnd to celebrate the event. Football, baseball and foot races and
various other events wero arranged
and carried out' successfully. The
half-mllo raco for boys was won by
Ray Giddings, tho prize bolng a valuable silver cup, Wo might'say hore
that tho grounds aro excellent for
picnics and all that Is required Is a
bettor road and then this spot would
bo Ideal.
A goodly crowd assembled on
Tuesday evening on Pellat avenue
and Hanson street to,witness the ceremony of the laying of . the corner1,
stone of the new Anglican church,
when the dedicatory services were
followed out according to program in
every detail save' the absence of Ven.
Archdeacon Beer, who was unfortunately detained. The Rev. Fred H.
Graham bf Nelson' delivered a very
forceful and eloquent address suitable
to the occasion.1'■ The Rector, W. M.
Walton, thanked all those who had
aided to make the event a success.
W. R. Ross, M. P.'-*P., road the dedicatory prayer. '* Miss Alexander,, had
supervision of the musical portion.
The usual batch of various articles
were .deposited appropriately, among
others were the samples of mentality
from the two local newspapers.
Sic transit gloria* mundi.'
Coleman Miner is Very
Seriously Injured—
A Broken Jaw
Another of those accidents that
have been altogether of, too frequent
an occurrence ln the Pass happened
at Coleman on Wednesday morning.
Albeit Jagos, while at work in No. 2
mine of the* International Coal and
Coke company, was caught between
the car and the chute resulting in a
fractured jaw . and* other .bodily injuries, the extent of which are not yet
known. „ He is at present in the hospital in a very serious conditin. It
was Mike, a brother of this unfortunate, who succumbed' a few weeks
ago while at work for the same company,
spring wheat and flax mostly in the
northwestern provinces; with oats
and barley in nearly- equal proportions in the, two. regions.
Fall wheat is grown chiefly in
Ontario,* and its condition for all Canada has been' reduced by a relatively
poor crop in Alberta. Compared with
the condition at the same time last
year, it is S4.63 to * 76.53. Rye is
85.20 in 1910 to Si.8-1 in 1909;* pons
is 81.70 to 87, buckwheat 87.64 to
86.15, mixed grains 99.91 to S7.23,
beans 84.43 to 84.33, potatoes 81 to 92,
hay and clover 90.87 to 73.79. corn
for husking 84.30 to 82.S6 and corn for
fodder 89.76 to 83. These crops,
which are.mainly grown in the East,
show a high average of condition, affected only in a slight degree by reports for the West.
The average condition of spring
wheat is 77 for 1910 to 84.57 for
1909, and of oats 79.57 to 87.78 for all
Canada, which is substantially lower
than the Averages for the East. In
the .three' northwest provinces the
condition bf Bpring wheat "if? C:J, of
oats 58.62 and of barley 63.60.
The estimated yield of fall' wheat
in tho country is 18,724,000 bushels,
being 26.47 bushels per acre. The
hay and clover crop Is estimated at
15,490,000 tons, or 1.80 tons per acre,
and of alfalfa 1.92 tons per acre.
LABOR  DAY.
Consequent upon tbe fearful-havoc
that, fires—have" -wrougbt upon the
timber in the United States. President Taft .-has issued orders that
"s"oIdiers~shaii"be"~caiied~iir"t"o~aid'"in"
the work .of " subduing, the flames,
thereby do' conservation work for the
benefit of the lumber industry.. This
is an innovation5-and- one that can be
praised as It .will at, least be giving
men work of a c'onstr.i'vi i.ve character
and is a pleasing---variation'to thb
monotonous *• "right foot, left foot'
business and • at the same time will
furnish thom with, a reason for their
SUNDAY'8 BAND CONCERT.
The Fernie "• Steam * Laundry .. will
make a specialty of family washing
at the rate of 6c per pound or 25c
a dozen, whereby a saving of 50 per
cent can be effected. The usual lauu-.
dry work of collars, cuffs, otc, will
also be done nt less than prevailing
prlcos. Mr. Moulthrop Is expending
over $10,000 In the establishment'of
this whito laundry and as it Is to bo
oporateel on a strictly union - baun,
ought to',have tho hearty support, rf
all who bollovo In' union principles.
That there is sufficient labor in the
country to fill all demands on railway
construction, • if tho contractors
wanted to pay the price for it, is the
statement of R. W.- Trotter, general
organizer of the Trades *' and Labor
Congress of Canada, who is in the
city, this week' on his annual trip
through the west.   ,
"It is -the same cry year, after
year," said Mr. Trotter. "The railway
contractors send up' the • cry for
labor and blamo the delay of construction on the scarcity of it. The
employment agencies publish abroad
that they need thousands of men,
when there are men right in the
country that .would1 work on .7..'con
struction if they got -proper pay, * Do
you' suppose a laborer is going to
work on railway 'construction for
$1.75 per^ay-^wk-00''^ ~can Set ?2
and $2.50 on work insi,de the city or
in'the harvest-fields? Let the con-
.tra.ctons_pay__the-jv.aRes_and_they_.wilI
Tho Fornie Athletic association are
hustling around in „ great shape
and if the display of energy evident
is any guide to the results it will produce them the success of the project
is a foregone conclusion. There will
be $1,000 cash distributed in prizes and
it is the intention to have the home 1
races run 15_ minutes apart, provided,
•of course, the* steeds are willing, lo
conform, to the schedule.
UY GLAD
RAGS FOR
CHIEF
Ci '
To Decorate for Sir Wilt's
Visit on 30th—Call
For Tenders
BAPTIST CHURCH  NOTES.
get*the labor. The conditions in tho
construction camps are not what
they should be, ■ and the men don't
get proper - treatment, or they would
be more anxious to work on'railway
construction than they are* at the
ptesentrtime, There Is alLthe labor
necessary In the "country; if" the contractors want to -pay. for It."
,"Of course the construction camps
are greatly In need of laborers, but
existence that the antl-militarlst can-. lh     (lon>t        tho wageSi   They w,,,
not combat.   Possibly in the "future ,,„ „,„,,_„ Aff  ■„„ <„!„„„ i,„„,,n_t t-„-,„
WELL-KNOWN CITIZEN DIES.
Shipbuilding   Concern*   Aro   Feeling
Some Alarm—Krupps Putting
Up Fight,
A Borlln dUpatch says: Conuldor-
ablo alarm is bolng folt by tho largo
ship building flrmB In this country
nt tho proupoct of Gormnny consent-
Ing to conuldor a llrltlsh proposal for
tho arroBt of armamontfl., Tho moBt
unocrupuloua -methods nro bolng omployod to convince tho public tltul tlio
Drmih offor Is moro humbug or tlio
rosult of funk.'
Tho Bojlln Nuuosto Nachrlchton, a
big navy organ, which Ib nnld to bo
virtually owned by tho Krupp firm,
Tho City, Band will play nt tho samo
placo but one-half hour earlier than
last Sunday in consequenco of tho
band, hnvlng nn ongngoment outsldo
of town which necessitates bavlng by
tho G;20 train, Tho following Ib tho
program for 4:00 o'clock sharp.
1. Salute to Kansas City, march
   Southwell
2. Swoot Brlor,. overture 	
 L. P. Lnurondonu
3. El  . Dol    Paoso    (Tho   Lovely
Country)  .■  Bellini
4. Bohomlnn Girl, solectlon....Bnlfo
16 Minutes Intermission.
B.   Ovor tho Limits F. Port
0.   "Trovntoro" Mlsororo  VordI
7. Arlotta, polka two-stop Auront
8. Qod Savo tho King.
Four o'clock sharp.
Calvort Varty! a resident for tho
past flvo' years wlio was Hovoroly
burned at tho time of tho great fire
In 1008. died Inst Snturdny night, his
death, no doubt, bolng nccolovnted hy
tho severe shock to his system and
tho sovorlty' of tho burns Inflicted.
Tho deceased gontlomnn wns highly
respoctod by nil who know hlm nnd
tho sympathy of tho community Is folt
for his bereaved family.
Mr. Varty wns a nntlvo of tho IbIo
of Wight nnd nt tho tlmo of his doath
was In tho omploy of tho Crow's
Nost Pass Coal company. Tho funoral
took plnco on Monday aftornoon from
Chtlfit church.
we may have a case of history*repeating itself and like the Romans of
old, they may be engaged in tho useful work of road and bridge building,
but perhaps the country is not quito
ripe for this yet, as It would probably havo a disastrous effect upon
tho* patronage bag so useful for electioneering campaigns. The Inst remark is not intended exclusively for
British Columbia.
FERNIE SOCIAL AND
RECREATION ASSOCIATION
MEETING MONDAY NIGHT
"Agatha, or tho Lost-Child of tho
Manor," tho titlo of the musical number tlxi Malo Volco party are studying will, bo presented to a Fornio
audience at nb distant date, Prnc-
tlcofl aro bolng hold weekly nnd the
mombors nro taking great Interest In
tho work under tho direction of conductor Thomas Biggs.
* Services as usual at the Baptist
church next Sunday. • At 11 a. m.
Pastor Spidell will preach oii "The
Dynamic, of Religion," arid in the evening on "The"Fellow Who Has a Good
Time." A malo ononis win bing m
tbfi ■ •ovoning.- * All are  welcome.
The Rev. W. F. Spidell has tendered his resignation which has been
reluctantly accepted by -his congregation.   This will take effect on the Ilth
■of"SeiueTnb^~TIi^feaso"n7fo*r"tHIs is"
the poor , state" of health o£ Mrs.
Spidell, who has been ordered by the
doctor to try a change of climate. He
has received and accepted a call from
a church iri Delhi, Ont.
Minutes of a meeting of the municipal council of the corporation of the
City of Fernie, held in the city council chambers   on   Thursday, August
18th, 1910.,
Present, .Mayor Herchmer, Alder-,
men, Kennedy, Beck, Morrison and
Broley.
Moved by Aldermen Broley and
Beck that schedule of Power rates,-
as outlined by Superintendent Hammond, dated August 16th,' be adopted.
Carried.-*
Moved by Aldermen Morrison' and
.Broley that we purchase a uniform
for the- fire chief and one for fire
driver.   Carried.
Moved by Aldermen Kennedy and
Bock that we call , for tenders for
Auputs 22nd, for tho construction of
sanitary sewers, as voted on. Carried
Moved'by Aldermen Beck and Kennedy that the city engineer be author-
izc.il to engage Mr. Cummings to ran
a survey on certain lands at Fairy
creek dam.    Carried.
Moved by Aldermen Morrison and
Broley that, wo give the decorating
committee a grant of one hundred dollars ($100.00) for decorating purposes
on August 30th. Carried.
* _ Moved by Aldermen' Kennedy and
Morrison that the mayor be paid a
salary-of three hundred dollars ($300.)
CAPITALISTS AT  HEAD    ,. "„
'OF  NEW'MINE
Will  Operate  Big  Coal   Company On
Extensive Scale.
IS C.
P. R. GOING TO
' BUILD NEW LINE
Pincher Creek Wondering What the
Recent   Moves   Mean.
Wo understand that tho Italian
Soclt'ty hnvo mado dl'-V'oni nrrango-
Jnonts thnn It flrat dotormlnod upon
nnd will hold lliolr colobratlon at Old
Mlchol Instead of Now on August
•sand.
s
[
' '    ''*,. *'.r;' .*-_
^.•■r/-1*-.-**,
■■■■■V
b'''''i".'.***'' *
:P7;,ft#^"'**7',*:f
i.fc;-_
Tho mooting of thoso Intorostod in
tho pormnhont organization of ,tho
Fornio Social nnd Hocronllon nsHocln-
tion, which takon plnco In tho school
room of tho Mothodlst church noxt
Monday night nt, 8 o'clock, Bhould ho
tho largest yot hold, nn at ihnt tlmo
it Ih oxpoctod thnt onough Information will bo nt hnnd to onnblo tho
tiBBodntlon to dotormlno upon tho ox-
tout of tho gymniiHlum outfit roqulrod
and thnt Mr. Robinson, socrotary, cnn
he nuthnrlzod to placo nn ordor for
tho nocoHfmry supply In tlmo to bo
tiiBtnllod boforo tho long nights of tho
winter ucnwon not tu.
Membership enrdtt hnvo boon printed
and nro now ln tho hnndn of thono
■nrnnifitlnf Dir. nn(f>rj<rl"n pr*-*. nil ""ij.o
doslro to flhnro In tho gymnnHln-m
oxcrclsns nml to mnku uho of tho
rending room In connoctlon thorowlth,
mny have tho opportunity of signing
n cnnl nnd becoming n member,   Thu
nnnunl foo \n to bo plncod nt. $5.00
... i ,1    ....,   ..,.,.,.  * . ,,   i
of, departure of tho original holder
to othor localities. Hnlf tho foo Ih
pnynblo whon tho porninuont organtxn-
tion takes plnco nnd tho other lirtlf
In six montlm.
Thin nrrnngoniont mnkoR * It, por-
slWo tor ovory ymmtr mnn In fown
to bocomo nn active mombor of tho
Association, nnd thn mrmhoniMp
should wnch tho H00 mni-k nt least.
Don't forgot tho dato. Monday night
at 8 o'clock Bhsrp, In lho school room
of tlio Methodist church.
PINCI11811 CRE13K, Aug. 20.—All
kinds of rumors nro afloat hero nt
prosont with rogard to tho now railroad. With tho moro Inqulsltlvo tho
pnrnmount query Ih, who aro tho
actual pnrtlos bohlnd tho propoBltlon?
Whnt has In a moastiro rovlvod UiIh
quostion is tho fnct thnt a groat doal
of lumbor linn boon inld down by tho
C. P. R. at Plnclior station. An addition Is bolng built to tho -fopot
thoro and nnotlior building Ih lo bo
enacted adjoining It. Tho additional
facts that all tho propnnitory nrrnngn-
monto for a Y about, a milo wohI of
tho ntatlon havo boon complotod
grndlng and all, Inciting only tho laying of tho rallH, Ih itHHiiini'd by Homo
to menu thnt tho C. V, R. Ih tho Iiohh
nf tho situation hero. Thnt pnrt of
tho question Ih nnt troubling tho
mlmlH of tho peoplo Roncrnlly, howovor, for no mattor who mny bn bohlnd tho Kchonni thoy will ho ontlHfln-]
ho Ioiik <ih a rallroinl union* lho to'vn,
Tho ulio of lho Rf nt lon, though not
yot doflnltoly Bottled, Is lllioly to ho
,,,        ,, *., •.
... tttl.        ll\l,i.   _        Mr.ll*.   I (.. I   .ll.        tttltttit,
nnd thn rnllwny -pooplo wow ovnv Mi"
ground yoBtcrdny with thn rosult. Mint
tho compnny offered to hnvo tho Bin-
tion ou n pint of tho roKona ou condition Hint tho iittiiil.'lpnllty hih'mto
tho right of wny through n roruiln
-|)V<ii)n:(li>  liuil  *wr.i.il .X.-, iX )niu,lT>   tilln il.
To nccommodiito tho town In thin wny
tlio compnny will have tn hulld n
short loop lino. If tho foi-'polug nr-
rnngonu'iil cnn bo mndo Htt-iifndonly,
tho stntlnn would ho Iob*-. Hi fin 10
tnlnutcB' walk from tlm wml ond of
town.   Thl« coinproiulc, ni !< r-.--.ii-j l*«
be worse off, too, when harvest time
comes, for I expect that many of the
men will'quit the construction camps
for th« hnivesi". fields. They can got
bottor wagos and hotter food ou th?
farms than they can on thc grade."
' "We have a kick against some of
tho employment agencies in tho
country, too," continued Mr. Trotter.
"Some of thom advortlso far and wido
that laborors aro scarce In tho .country nnd they bring in all kinds of
men at cheap wngos when thero nro
laborers right ln tho country who
would work on railway construction
If thoy woro only pnld docont' wngos.
Tho imported laborers, who work for
chonp wiigcs, koop tho good ones out
of employment vory often,"
At tho present time, according to
tho. employment agencies, several
thousnnd laborers aro Rt til needed In
Alberta for railway construction, nnd
thoy stnto that tho mon nro hnrd to
got, notwithstanding thnt thoy go to
outsldo points lo got thom. Tho
wnges for rnllwny construction
labororfi wc,Bt of Kdmonton havo now
reached tho highest mark ever ox-
porloncod, nomo of thom gottlng nB
high ns $10 a month and board,
Mr. Trotter clnlniH that thla Ih not
high onoiiKli, that tho mun nro worth
more, thnt thoy Bhould got nt lonat
$2.00 n dny nnd thnt conditions should
bo Improved, nnd thnt If UiIh wngo
wns pnld plonty of mon could bo
gotten,—Edmonton Journal,
CENSUS BULLETIN.
SIG ZACCARO, CONDUCTOR.
Aro you a Anion flen-J*!   Suddny'i
nttmmor rttnrinn wilt nnoh,
i
OTTAWA, AiiKiiBt 12.—Tho Census
Bulletin hIiowb thnt tho conditions of
flold crops In Cnnndn. UiIh yonr hnvo
boon grontly modified by tompornturo
nud riiiiifnll ,iind that botwoon tho
Mnnt. and tlio WuHt it In hnrdly pon-
slblo to mnko n Htntomont of aver-
ngOH thnt will not ho misleading. In
llm oiiBti'rn provlucoH growth hnn
beon uniformly good throughout July,
and tho porcontiiROH of condition havo
Ir'oii high for uvory crop; hut In ox-
lotiBlvo trnelH of tho northwoiit prov
In. oh drouth Iiiih prevailed nnd crnpH
nro reported In ovory Bingo of con-
'-mult, llm MJiiiiUi*)} pul la ul tln.*6<J
prr-vim-i*"* hnvo lii'i-n lnnrMy •"xfmpt
from thn drouth, nnd thorn tlio por
cont condlllonfl nro hl«h. It Is difficult to Indicate fairly un iivrrngo of
condition-** for tlm IOiihI nud WohI
which (|(u*h not lnko uccounl of tho
in "Iik •mi* ii, una num. iiiiui lii'Mi run-
nliloriilily reduced nluro thn .limn roport. The AtiKUHt report will glvo
rovlHcd flRiiri-H from which -yields mny
bo fHtlmntr-d,
In compnrlng the pnr cont condl-
tlrliiH of crops for 1009 nnd  1910 lt
An organization meeting of tho
Chinook Conl Co., Ltd., of Lothhridge,
Alberta, was held ln tlie offices of
Blake, Lash, Anglino & Cassols, bar-
listois, of Toronto on Wednesday,
August 3rd. Tho permanent directors
of tho compnny wore elected ns follows: President, William A. Wood,
of Hnmllton, Ont., president of lho
Wood-Vallunco Wholosnlo Hnrdwnro
compnny of Hamilton, Winnipeg and
Vancouver, and director of tho Hank
of Hnmllton-; vlco prosldont, C, It.
Somorvllle,' manufacturer of London,
Ont,, directorH, Miller Lnnh, of Blake,
Lash, Anglln & Cnssols, vlco prosldont of tho Moxlcnn Light, lloat, nnd
Powor compnny, nnd vlco prosldont of
Moxlcan Tramways, Ltd.; IT. A. McCallum, physician of London, Out.;
Rohort Cnssols,'of Dymont, CusboIs
and compnny, brokers, Toronto; C.
Cook, president of lho Roynl Savings
nnd Lonn compnny, Ltd,, Brniitforil,
Ont,; W, C. SlmmoiiH, barrlHtor, Loth:
bridgo, and 1,. G. DoVobor, Hunnlor,
Lothbrldgo.
Tho company hns tnkon ovor tho
coul proportleH owned by W. C. Simmons and nKBOclntoH Hlluntod In township 10, rango 22, iidjncout to the
Diamond * Conl company's proportion
nnd north of tho Lothbrldgo ColliorloH
rompnny'fl landa nnd confllHlIng of
7,500 ncros. Prospecting work Iiiih
boon cnrrlod on with n dliimond drill
during tho Inst otp.Lt mon llm nnd
tliruo tost hoi oh hnvo boon huh It Allowing a solid flvo-foot Bonrn nt n depth
of n little ovor '100 foot. Tho Chinook
compnny will commence dovolopmnnl
work nt. onco nnd Intend to IdhUiII
two conl tlpploH nud pluntH JiihI uh
flint iih moii nnd mnforlnlH cnn hn obtained to do lho work, An Okliihomn
man of long oxporlonco hns homi on-
gagod as superintendent.--Lothbrldgo
Hcrnld.
Carried.
Moved by Aldermen Beck and Kennedy that'the contract produced by
the Northern Electric Manufacturing
company and the Gamewell Fire-Alarm
Telegraph company be signed hy the
city clerk and mayor on behalf of the
.city, ..Carried._ > .-■*.„ ,.
Moved-by Aldermen .Morrison and
Broley that wo purchase.2,000. foot ot
three-inch iron pipe to make wnter extensions In north end and Annex.
Carried,
Moved by Aldermen Morrison and
, Broloy thnt we order fourteen < 11)
flusli tnnks from tho Pacific Flush
Tank company of Chicago nnd forty-
ono (-11) manhole covers from Bjaa
Brothers foundry.   Carried.
City Engineer Potter presented a
report on tho progress of work on
wntorworks extension—1910 to dato,
nnd Hnmo wns ordered filed,
.Moved by Aldermen Broloy and
Kennedy that wo do adjourn.   Carrie ..
GOOD TEMPLARS.
The momborH of the I, O. G. T. hnd
a 'social ovoning on Tuesday, whon
the following progrnm   wns   carried
Olll'.
Song, "Son of tho Desert," Thomas
HlggH.
- "Yield Not to Temptation," MIhb N,
Glover.
Bonding, Hnnford'n Burglar Alarm,"
J. 10. .lny.
Speech by Mr. niddliigs.
This'socloty Ih mnklng Hplondld
progroHR nnd n number of proHpoclIvo
mombors uro assured for tho near
futuro.
1'iidlgrou Alrosdnlu pups, t'liolcu
stock U. VV. Mltcholl, 1'. O !>!!, Ilovol-
Hfoko.
Kxtrn good vnluoH for pny dny. r}oo
our window dlHplny of Hhnpi'H nnd
droHH hntH worth itp to $10 in. half
price, Wash hiiIIh. clillilron'M iIcohhoh,
roi'HotH for Htoiii woiucn, fancy Iioho,
nnd gloves.    MIhh Kuhir,
SPECIAL SESSION AT INDIAN-
APOLIS STILL IN PROGRESS,
LEWIS, PERRY, WALKER AND
PURCELL ARE HAVING SOME
TORRID DEBATES ON THE FLOOR.
FULL REPORT IN NEXT I33UE.
!,.***!.l    l><     i\ men'I-t* red    tlmt,    f.tll
termed, on tho pnrt of tho rnrnnntiv, j wheal, rye, pons, buckwheat, mixed
I1.1 fl hoon Dw monnt nf orf-ntiw- n hot j ^r-ifij-*- , !■■ nrn,    l-nifttnc.-i,    hay    mn<f
ter feeling over whut wuh bmiivtoic
a vexed question,
Xl-rtfo *uney, parties an now outi
on tho lino, nnd ln-fore cui.'-tli'T woek
hn» pr-naeiUt Is c-xpoilod thai t-omo
thlng will bo doinic iu tlu* grrilhg
Hue. - LclULfWuit ItuuM.
eji-w-r /mil corn lira p/lwlpully pro-,
(lured In the eastern province^ snd j
Tlm I,«.Hcs' tlnlld of Christ church
wore tin- HpoiiBor-** of a very delight-j
Iui dnin'v thnt look place In llnico's
1...H TUk*.Uy uWa. \
■|L.   ~tu*.%A-}tb£&.&tm))W4i'>&
^^"Z__!U,,*^S»^",' ■
"CLK" PLANING MtLLA-VOrtKlftG OVCflTIMC. j|i_-|_t,7,r-*■*-*,
,.,....B-»..r,ii........iM._n..--hT_rf^.;ri~^^,-7TTrTi^^^ —      ,    .,,     i.k...   ,..
7 -' ■-' ,-■." .'y^'y^-irj-i.i*'yyrr **'^:y^-ryyy^-r^y^h^rpxpy^r'yy.s.i
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0:, AUGUST 20,' 191Q.
«;v;,*,.-;* I
*-(
--v    -   '   I
i:i'yy\
M'ALLISTERON
MINE EXPLOSIONS
Klein. Mont., Aug. 5. 1910.
Editor Mine Workers' Journal:
I promised to write' on the ex-
,'plosions occurring in mines generating marsh gas iu my last letter and
attempt to show the faulty systems
adopted in the operating of those
mines. We have read a good deal of
late on how. some ignorant workman
walked into a body of gas and caused
the loss of hundreds' of, our fellow
workmen. I will attempt "to show in
this letter who are* responsible for
the ignorant workman, also responsible for the bodies of standing gas.
In any of the mining districts of this
"country we will find hundreds of the
most practical coal miners out of employment. Yet if we were to meet
the emigrant trains arriving in those
districts we would find new arrivals
from every country    on    earth, and
* -* men that have never seen    a    coal
' mme and don't, understand one word
of the English language, yet they go
to work as soon as they arrive,, and
the practical American miiier is still
out of work. The coal companies
knowing tho success of the late arrivals, is the encouraging of more
and knowing that the supply and demand in the labor market Is the life
of the business encourages tho so-
called ignorant emigrant with the
strong back and tho weak brain in
preference to'the practical American
miners. Therefore we find in our
midst in the coal mines of this country the so-called ignorant workmen
* that the coal companies blame for the
'disasters. Tho coal mines of the
world  are worked on  the most eco-
.   nomical  system  known   to  the  man-
_ agement, and we find the seams lying
at an angle from one to flO degrees.
It will bo necessary to take some of
', those angles to illustrate ■ how bo
many of those pockets of gas are
left standing., So I will take a seam
of coal dipping about 30 degrees, and
we find for the most economical
handling of coal and water that  9'*
, per cent of the work is done against
the dip:-The main headings are driven
direct to the dip, the cross headings
at right angles to the main and tho
■ rooms or breasts * at the moss con
venient. angle to the cross head ings
Thoso rooms, or breasts, are worked
against the dip and connected at in
tervals of from 40 to CO feet between
the,last, connecting and the working
face, we arc forced to divine nils,
room into'two compartments, one ih-
* take and one return for the air.   This
"is  continued- until,   thc    room    approaches the heading above.      Then
- for the protection of thc cross head-
L-« ,\tr nh_-,'n \irzi_  *i vc* fni'_  o/1_Ji*i_l_fi l_-f__n
 III^—"li W Vf v TT-—UlWj LWI  WVU    <-l,w        *v%A,-v       *.*r
-solid ■.pillar*' of- coai. This 'room is
abandoned. The center bratlish is
taken out lo be used in some work-
, ing place. Then we find one of,"the
pockets of gas that causes the disasters, and In the most-of tho mlnos
generating   gas   in   (his   country ,we
' find several hundreds that lt is very
easy ior .tlie ignorant workmen^ to
find this faulty system can be avoided by forcing the company to connect tho room direct to tlie heading
above, thoroforo allowing tho g,is to
flo wont owing to, its specific gravity._
Then,.we will have eliminated oiie of
the causes.
Tlie coal companies nro not to
blamo bocauso the vein thoy aro operating gives no gas, but thoy are' responsible for allowing UiIh gas to nc-
,'cumulnto nnd enuse thoso disasters,
If the causa is by nn Ignorant workmnn or n prnctical miner. If that
body of gas wiih, not thoro there
would lie no dlsnstor. Thon the soon-
or wo cun dispose of thoso bodios of
gns tho sooner Uiobo dlsnstors will
conso. I hnvo read of those dlsnstors
und boon on tho scene- of a good
doal and hnvo soon more ignorance
displayed by tho management than lt
Ib possible for mo to doscrlbo. Undor
thoso conditions tho readers need 'not
wonder nt. tho grentor por cont of nc-
cidents In tho United States than In
tlio Europoan countries. Now tho
prncticnl miner knows If n seam of
coal Ih known to glvo off gnH lt Ih
OHHontlnl to havo the ventilation kept,
up to a ported Htnndard, How mnny
of tho practical minors ovor stop and
think whon thoy ontor a mlno If tho
ventilation In in a normnl condition.
If thoy did, havo thoy got. nny systom
of knowing thnt mich Is tlio ciiho In n
mlno Konerntlng gns nnd the miners
UHlug Hiifely InmpH, I will niiHWur no.
Thoroforo they hnvo lo rely on tho
work of tlm flrebOHR, who hns lo mnko
IiIh examination. In a very limited
tlmo considering the Importniicn nf
tho Hiiiiio, and If tMi-i llro I-ohs Iiihi to
examine on two dlfforont mirronlH of
nlr, in It not poHRlhlo that in mnklng
IiIh exninliiiilioiiH lie would (Imi tho
fliHl. miction in n normnl condition
mid report tlio hiiiiio (**-, IC? Thon
during the time ho Ih exiiiulnliiK the
»oeond Hoclloti u fnll or obstruction
would neenr In thn return of the first
flection. Thon we lind the Ignorant,
workmen, the pnietlcnl minor mid die
neglectful conl compiiny riding In tho
hiiiiio boat.
The vcud'M-H will liiqitlro. how enn wo
avoid this condition? In rniHWor, I
will Bay by thorough discipline ou tho
HINTS FOR KING GEORGE.
Selected „ From   "Thc    Prince,"-
"Text Book of Kings.
-the
LABOR; SITUATION   IN    .*- .V ' .
,  v." ITALY AGRICULTURAL" -    -.
"'•      ,    "    DISTRICTS. IS   SERIOUS
45 Steam-Heated Rooms.
part of the workman and    a   little
foresight on. the part    of    the coal
company by installing a water gage'
on  every  section  of the  ventilating
current and making it the first consideration    of   the    miner when he
enters the mine to make a reading
of the same and report to the fire
boss before  he is  allowed to  enter
his  working  place.    The   coal  companies in . the United ..States have a
good deal harder proposition in handling the seams giving off gas than the
operators  of  Europe. - First, by the
class of workmen employed, and second,  by  the greater amount  of ex-1
plosives  used   in   the  mines  of  the
United States.   The class of workmen
could  be  improved   by  having  laws
passed prohibiting the hiring of men
at the working face until they.could
qualify    as    practical  miners.    The
amount of explosives used    in    the
mines of the United- States accounts
for a majority of the disasters, also
for the haphazard way of robbing the
coal fields    of    the    United States.
There is about 3S.,per cent of the coal
in  the  mines  of  the southwest left
in   the   ground   and   is   lost  for  all
time.    The  reasons  are,,   the,   cost
would be from 3 to 5 cents per ton
additional. , Yet the management will
abandon this coal because of the' respect for his reputation as a..cheap
coal producer, because for the same
reason   tho   mining   laws   are   disregarded   by   some   of   the   managers!
and   if  no   accidents  happen   all  is
well that ends well.    His success in
defying' the ' laws  encourages  others
to become outlaws in order to save
their reputation.    I  notice we  have
found a modern way of insuring the
death of all persons in a mine where
an explosion has occurred if the explorers should discover a fire in, the
mine  by  sealing  the mine.    1  have
been in charge of the exploring party
in a good deal of explosions in • the
last   20   years   and   have'  discovered
fire's after almost    every    explosion,
yet I am unable  to  see  any  reason
for this modern way, only as a protection for the explorers, who know
it is safer for* them to seal the mine;
than  take  the  risk  ancl   get around
the fire.
' Now, it is time the people of this
country ought to see that' laws are
passed prohibiting the sealing of any
mine until all human beings are
known to be out.' I have (Studied our
rescue hLuLion''problem and don't sec
where the present i-oqouo stnHnns".aru
of any use. Just imagine a mine explosion occurring '40 miles from "the
rescue station. Willi all the quick
communication at hand there is some
"There are.two ways of contending
—by law and by force ;the first,is
proper to men; the second to beasts;
but because many times the first is
insufficient, recourse must be had to
the second. It, belongs therefore to
a prince to understand both, when to
make use of the rational and when cf
the brutal. A prince who is wise and
prudent cannot' or pught not to keep
his parole when ,the keeping of it is
to his prejudice,' and the causes for
which he promised removed." I might
instance in many modern examples,
and show how many, confederations,
and peaces, and promises have been
broken by the infidelity of princes,
and how he that best personated the
fox had the better success. Nevertheless it is of great consequence to disguise your inclination, and .to play
the hypocrite well; and men are so
simple in their temper and so submissive .to "their present necessities,
that he that is neat and cleanly in
his collusions shall never want people
to practise them upon. * I cannot forbear one example. Alexander VI.
never did, nor thought of anything
but cheating, and never wanted matter to work upon; and though no man
promised a thing with greater asseveration, nor confirmed it with more'
oaths .and imprecations and observed
them less, yet understanding the world
well, he never miscarried.
"A prince, therefore, is not obliged
to have, all the aforementioned good
qualities in reality, but it, is necessary
ho have them in appearance; nay, I
will be bold to affirm that, having
them actually, and employing them
upon all occasions, they are extremely • prejudicial, whereas having them
only in appearance, they turn to better account; it is honorable to seem
mild, and merciful, and coureagous,
and religious, and sincere, provided
your mind be so rectified and prepared, that you can act quite contrary upon occasion. And this must,
be premised, that a prince, especially
if come but lately to • the throne,
cannot observe all those things exactly which make men esteemed virtuous
being oftentimes necessitated, for the
preservation of his state, to do things
inhuman, uncharitable, and irreligious-
and, therefore, it is convenient his
mind be at his command, and flexible
to all the puffs and variations of
fortune; not forbearing to be good
whilst it is in his choice,' but knowing how to be evil when there is a
necessity.- A prince, then, is to have
particular care-that nothing falls from
his mouth but what is full of the
fivo qualities aforesaid,* and that to
see and to tioav.. him he appears all
goodness, integrity, humanity, and' religion, which last he ought to pretend
more  than - ordinarily, 'because  more
Then the time lost    in   ex-
the blue  print before' they
arrive,
amining
can enter the mine leaves little iiope
for the entombed. I have carried a
good deal of victims but in less than
30 minutes after an explosion ancl
had to resort to every known means
lo revive the victims,' and I have
known some to be unconscious for
10 hours. Now, what would the lives
of (hose men be worth waiting for
the rescue station men? The miners
should insist on having Die rescue
apparatus at every* mino and havo a
company - of tlie most practical men
trained in handling of the same nnd
not. allow over 70 per cent of them
in tho mino at ono time. Then in
enso of nn accident there would be
pl'onty on hnnd to load the' rescue
party, Then we could sny wo had
n rescue station. Now, then every
state ought to soo thnt no shots nro
fired in any mlno, only by* competent shot-firers nnd all othor persons nro out of the mlno. Then we
will not hnvo theso holocausts as* tho
loading article ln almost every dnlly
pnpor to remind us of our Ignorance,
I will close for this time, hoping
tho renders will * watch close tho
advice glvon by mo on the cnuoos'of
thoso explosions and you may realize
thnt you nro not so safo ln tho model
mlnos of tho United States as somo
of the pooplo b'Avo told you.
ALEX M'ALLISTI'tfl.
"ROME,' Aug. 20.—While; the \ per-,
sonal popularity of King * Victor
Emanuel and, Queen Helena of ..Italy
is rapidly increasing among tke.labbr-
irig classes, whom the young couple
have at* last been able. to" convince
that" they* take an active Interest" in
'their welfare, the general labor situation in Italy, especially in agricultural
districts; is quite alarming.    7    -
Some '■. two weeks .ago the laborers
of the liomagna rejected proposals of
Signor tuzzatti and the Agrarian as*-
sociatien, and since then, the situation
has rapidly been' approaching a critical point.,' To'Vxplain the grievances
of Italian agricultural laborers it is
necessary to say a few words about
the peculiar .systems in vogue in
Italy.* In the Romagna district there
prevails the metayer-system of farming, but under two different and-hostile forms. The land is in some cases
cultivated by peasants known as
"mezzardi"' because they .receive one-
half of,the crop, while in others it is
entrusted to laborers called "terziar,"
because ithey_ receive, only one-third.
These two . classes representing respectively the, aristocracy and".democracy of,labor belong to different
political parties, the former being
j.iepublicans.or "yellows" and the latter Socialists or "reds." The landowners are united in the "''Agrarian
association.   '      . ,
Threshing Machines. . ,
When modern threshing machines
came into use not so very long ago,
the land, owners and a little later the
"yellows" -were the first who could
afford to buy them, ■ and now the
"reds" having become better organ-,
ized have also bought machines which
they are now seeking* to force "ter-
ziari" and "mezzardri" alike to use.
The innocent American machines
have therefore, now assumed apolitical color and are known as "red"
or "yellow" according to -the politics
of their owners.
The conflict'is then".really ,a struggle between those who , attempt " to
create a Socialist monopoly in American threshing machines, and landowners, -who assert that they should
be allowed to thresh their grain with
whatever machine they choose, but it
speaks well for the popularity "of the
king that even nmong ,the Socialists,
there is an inclination to submit to
his arbitration.-
GOODS
-3.
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
-7  *    -      V„r.'.*,-  ".,' '--'7*'   p..   ■
Fernie's  Leading. Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East, kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
:)'.
HUYSMANS" DECLINES
KING'S   DECORATION
men do judge by the eye, than by the
touch; for everybody sees but few
understand; everybody sees but few
know what In reality you are. Let a
prince, therefore, do* what he can to
preserve his life, and continue his
supremacy, the moans which he uses
shall bo .thought honorable ,and be
commended by everybody."—The
Socialist, Edlnborough, Scotland.
SOCIALISM ON THE "WAIN."
STUTTGART, Aug. 20.—In the second ballot for member of landtag ln
the Welzhelm district tho' Socialist
party won nnothcr victory in .the election of Kinkel, a Socialist, to represent the district. Tho.vote was as
follows: Kinkol, Socialist, 1,448 votes;
Wurst, People's party, 1,200 votes,
and Mohring, Pasnnt'B party, 1,097
votes,
Tho placo has previously boon occuplod by Dr. Illebor, a Nationalist.
In the first ballot tho Socialist pnrty
Iod. In tho socond tho National
Liborals withdrew their candidate and
united with tho Pooplo'a party in tho
hopo of defeating tho Socialist, candidate.
BRUSSELS, August " 20.—CamillO
Huysmnns, widely known as the secretary of the international "Socialist
Bureau, has'recently been" remarkably successful in his work for' the
exhibit of lho home work division al.
the Brussels,, World Exposition.
(iIn recognition of the services rendered, ' King Albert of Belgium,, obviously on the recommendation of his
minister, conferred upon Huysmans
the degree of. Commander of'the Leopold Order."''-*.*'"       ' . ," '7
But Huysmans felt not in the least
tickled with tlie new' distinction. He
sent the insignia of the' order ■ back,
declining the honor in a sarcastic letter lo the minister o£ foreign affairs.
"I don't deserve "to be decorated,"
ho snys, "for my loyalty to tho crown
Is by no means above suspicion. I
may add also that I at times catch
myself harboring .strong nnti-clerlcal
sentiments, Do you, sir, perhnps attempt to compromise me in tho eyes
of my own comrades?"
So' tho international Socialist secretary will worry along without a
ribbon In his buttonhole.
FIRST CONVICTION
UNDER   NEW  ACT
NELSON, 11, C„ Aug. 20.—Archlo
Bromnor, hololkeupur of Sheep Creek
wiih flnod AugiiHl, 12th hy Magistrate
W. II. Ilulloek-WobHtor, $300 for Rolling liquor without IIcoiiho, or an niter-
natlvo of nlno iiioiiHih hard labor. 'It
wuh his flrHt offonco, This Is tho
first conviction under tho now act
punned at lho IiihI hohhIoii of tho logls-
lnturo.
SPAIN  18 SCENE OF UNRE8T.
MA null), Aug. 20.—Loaders of the
('I'-rlml pnrty nro buny In lho pre-
llmlnnrk-H or organizing a huge nntI-
Kovormnont demonstration, to ho held
at mnny pointh throughout thu -ring-
'loin hi Soptouilior, Tho pi'liiclp-il
plin-CH thtiH far docldod upon nro
Vlolorln, I'amplonn nnd Tortosn, In
tho meiintlino tho r-lergy eontlmi-*
lliolr iittnckH upon tho niltilHtry from
the pulpits, i'
Corporal Hall of the R. N. W. M. P.
who Inltialod the proceedings ngninst
A. Decoux, lho Frank Minor, at prosont hold In McLeod gaol, waB a Fornio
visitor on Monday.
Shoemaker&Repairer
Best liiiitoi'iulB only used
nnd first clnss workmanship ONHUl-l-H
A Good Job
JOE FALVO '    How roen DIock
n
i
The Fountain Head of Life     JL
fs The Stomach\Mm
A mm who he% e we«lt and imp tired itomteh and who do«i not
properly dl<c*t hi* food will toon find that hit blood btt become
weak snd Impoverithrd, nnd that Iiii Whole body ii Improperly and
iniulTieiently nourished, >
Dr. piBften's aoLom MBDiexi DisaovBitr
makea tlie elontaeh etront, oromotee tha flow nt
dlieatlva luleea. reatnrem tlie laet appetite, makea
. aealmllatlon perfect, InvlAoratea tha liver nntl
aurlllaa anet enrlekea tho blood, it la tha treat blood-ntaker,
tleato.~tull*ler *a*l r*etot*ttlve nerve tonle* It makea tutu
atroni In body* actlva In mind mad ooal In lodgement.
This "DUeovary" t* a puie, (I y eerie ettreet of ktoetlten medical roots,
abaolotalf free from alcohol and nil injnriom, hthlt'tormini dm(i, All its .
, iafradiants are printed on its wraoi»er«. tt ha* no rtUtiom-hip with Merat
MNtruMt. Its every iit-fredicnt U end-oned by Ihe leader* in ell the eebftole ei
medicine. Don't accept a Merat nottrom aa • anbttitute (or this tirae-provea
remedy ov ihoiwm OjUtu-niuuH. Ail vou** Htiu'ivm. Titty mutt know el
many eoret made by it during pett 40 yeett, right in your own neighborhood.
World. DUp-Mitry Madias! Aitomtfon, Dr. R.V. Pierce, I'rea., Buffalo, N, Y.
KAMLOOPS   EXHIBITION
SEPT. 28, 29, 30th
There Is nothing to provont Fornio boys nnd girls from ontorlng for tho
following compotlllon:
Division L
FINE ARTS—ORIGINAL   WORK.
Clnss                                                                    ,               FlrBt Socond
1J101   Urnwlng, pon nnd Ink     2.00 1.00
11102   Oil pnlntlng, InudHcnpo • ,,,   2.00 1.00
1llo:i   Oil pnlnllng, mnrlno     2.00 1.00
I3IM   Oil pnlnllng, Htlll lifo     2.00 1.00
1305   Wntorcolor, Htlll lifo     2,00 1,00
1300   Wntorcolor, Inndsciipo    2.00 1.00
1307 Fruit or flowoi 8, from naturo, wntei color    2,00 1.00
1308 Fruit or flowers, from nature, oils ,.   2.00 1,00
1300   Wood curving     2.00 1.00
1310 China painting '    2,00 1.00
COPIE8,
1311 Drawing, cruyon or poncll     1.00 .50
1312 Drnwing, pon and Ink     1,00 .50
tu,,i    u.i |/,iM»t*.<f,, i,t,,„M.ii,i:, uii. ,, ,     i,vi) .iin
ni-i  on pnintiuj!. t'tili nro   i.oo ,r,o
13lfi   Wntorcolor, Inndncnpo     1.00 .dO
1310   Wntorcolor, still llfo     1.00 .50
1317   Fruit ur flowers In watorcolors    1,00 ,M
lillti   Fruit or flowoi'H iu oilti     1.00 ,50
1310   ryi-ogriiphy In wood, lonther, otc    1.00 M
I.ViM    -Ori uniUUi pltlllllllg ,,      J.lHI J.u
mi   Penmanship, boys 13 or under    1,00 ,50
1322 Penmanship, girls 13 or under    1.00 .50
1323 PonmntiBhlp, boy under 9 yonrs „    1.00 .50
132*1   Ponmnnship, girl undor 0 years    1.00 ,50
1325   Mnp of Ur.ltlHh Columbln hy nny pupil under 15 yonrs
Attending school  *.    2.00 1.00
l3'2o   Fri-cU'ind drawing by any pupil nwbx i:> yonrH iiUi-nil-
Ing school    2.00 1.00
Amaleura nre understood lo bo thoso who do not profit or habltunlly
sell or offer for snlo thoir productions, and who havo not at nny tlmo heretofore done oo.   Articles can only he enured in one class.
Evidence of originality to bo furnished hy exhibitor whenever required
by tlio Judges or the committee.
No work will be awarded a monoy pri to In the fine arta department
that hnn onc-j.takctt aprlre nt it iirflvlou.1 Kaiulousw AsrUultural waoslft-
Hop exhibition, but ma'** show for *■* diploma.
BNTR.E8 CLOS8 flnPTRMI!RK 27. AT tl f», Bf.
in the companies we represent is
Mr. Sportsman:      ,
We^warit you to come in arid look
over our 'stock of  BIFLES,   all of
r.y -ii'litcd to special order, also
fit!. . -v^ii si ing straps.   If you, have
ever bceii out on the mountains with a
rifle thus fitted, will' know the utility      y..r..
of a strap. '    .
Ask to See Our 32 Automatic
Remington.   .""-   .
J.   D.   QUAIL       Furniture
an
absolute
protection    against
loss
if the flames  should  attack
your place."  Better let us issue you
one
today. *
Tomorrow .you   may
have
nothing
to, insure.
■■■v'   I
-   -..'.
M. A.
KASTNER
. Insurance and Real Estate
*"
■
• ■*■*.         '
Fernie Opera House
Moving
i o -
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
Every "
Night
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
&  MANGAN
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
r. DON'T'TRAMP   ALL7.OVER
but follow the,; sign that leads -.
' to •*» this* yard.    It  is  the  best
place we know of tb buy lumber -
for a^fence,' hencoop;' barii or   .
Tliouse.' ''     '5,       ■■'-
y      SEASONED LUMBER.'   *
'/dlh-dried,. the best,to-be had--
.and at lowest'prices* is what we-'
offer merchant, farmer or bank-',
er.  .Get lumber^here and your"'-
..buildings wil! stand the.ravishes-
of .timo-and .v/ill be the kind*
you can point to and be proud of
Phone 23    -     P. O. Box 22
OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHERSON   AVE., OPP. Q. N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE     7
*****************k******ick*****************k
GRAND TRUNK LOST
MORE THAN  MILLION
Earnlnas 8hrunk Greatly During the
Recent Strike, and Thero Wore
' Other Los-see,
Be Up-to-date and Equip Your Works with
~i      ,. '    . " i
Canadian General Electric Co.
maommeeamam^^m^aumnaaamemmmaaa^amammmaaaawamaaammi^miMmm^mm^maaaaammmmaaaaaamam^mmmmmmmmmeamam
j    Induction" Motors
Full Information and Quotations Cheerfully Furnished
Calgary Branch dffice:      325 A Eighth  Ave.   West
•¥-kkk*kkk*kkk*kk*kkkkk{.kkkkkk****k*kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkAr\kk
Save Your Dollar by
Dealing with Us
Wo havo yot a big stock of Summor Goods lo clear
and to mako room for our wlntor stock wo offer you
exceptionally good snaps , in tho following llnon.
"fl
MONTREAL, Aiifif. 20,—Tho recent
Btrlko on, tho Grand Trunk cost that
railway u round million dollars, or
moro. A Htnlomont, IhmioiI by tlio
road covorlnt". Kh traffic earnings for
tho hint ton dayB of July Bliows a do-
crnnno of $*MS..'!20 In rocalpi«, hut
thin liicludoH only a pnrt of tho
economic wrcckfiKO caused by tlio
Htrlko.
Tlio ofllclnl Rtnlemcnt is for tho
porlod from July 22 to July !)l In-
cliiulvo. Tlio striko boKiui throo days
boforo July 22 and lasted two dnyH
fl ,1 .,., I.        I       iir,*.r.r.ri
..... t     t«.tl    .ttltt,    lt\l    itj.ki.    *}w»</,.Su-J    tttitf
fully bo addon tn tho n-moMn'' Of dr*-
crcnRo In tho report, maklnr** it $072.-
000.
Thu company- weekly Increases for
thu beginning of-lho pronont your to
thu duto of Lho ordering of tlio striko
■rt'tviwi-,«iu (mir ♦'i'iu.ww. iftin h't-ni-hK-
Is ontliely obliterated for tho 115 days
tlm striko limtodi And makes tho a*?-
grognio decroaso In tho company's
oiirniiiRH alono not fiilr nhort of a
million dollars, to say nothing ot tho
direct ndillttonnl oxpeme involvod by
thc comiuuiy in cui.aKtnK ncv* men,
In protectrnn men and proporty from
po-i-ill)!.*! rfo|cnco nnd In. ofhorwlno
flfthling tlie utrlkc Somethlritf wnM
saved In wage* and aomcthlng Ih
pensions, out the latter will not en*
rich the ordinary account! of the
company a* the contributions-to the
penalon fund wilt remain the tame.
Men's Suits, reg. $18.00
Men's Undersuits 1.50
Men's Sateen Shirts 1.25
Men's Sox, per pair*    «
To clear $13.50
<(
u
(t
(<
((
111
I'l
ii
\\
KEFOURY  BROS.
Next to Wltfwmii -vimily Htoro
Noxt to Northorn Ilotn
STUDY CO-NOIIIONb AI
TH*. FLRN.L MtUCS
The Ledger la the place te get firtt
clm printing.  Oet our pricai.
Expert on Explosives to Investigate
Poinlbllltiei of Explosion From
Diint—To Visit Bunk-head.
VANCOUVKR, Aur, #20,^-Captaln
DoBborough, on oxport on cxplonlvos
froth Iho imperial arsenal nt Woolwich, and J. Hudson of tho dominion
department of mlnos, are In tho cHy
aftor having mado an inspection of
powder manufacturlnK plants at tho
coast. Thoy Imvo tonight for i-vrnio
whoro they will study conditions of
the mines there with regard to the
posslllllltle. of explosions from dint,
then goine;to lunkhead for the same
p-arpaae. A* a mult of the trip «
roport will *b* prepared whloh will
probably be the basis of Instituting
foTernment reinilallons core-ring the
fields Inspected,
Zj'uvtmun 7«*ljii*oiii«l fund. ,
71)e li'DuwUiii uu Dw iiijiuuula **i*
colvc'd on'bclinlf of thla fund up to
July lnt:
No.     Local Amt,
2850   Konmaro    ,.......$ fiO.OO
2407   Hosmer   _7«.<M>
1-233   Lille   DiiM
-431   Uellvuo ...il 258.00
1.184   Canmoro  ,,,   60,00
29   Dankhoad ...'.  126.25
102   Tnbor    57.00
35-10  Edmonton ..............    4.30
574   lothbrldgo 140.00
105ft   Tnbor    ,    88.45
2820   Maplo Leaf .............   80.00
UU   Culomau  abH.UO
2384   Michel  057.00
2314 Pemle ...*..../,,....'... 325.90
Mr. O. J. Kckstrotn, Lethbridge 100.00
Friend (J. II.)     5,00
11,850.70
7 A. J. CARTER, 8-ec. Trots.
District 18 V. M. W. of A,
Frank SIM <.,..., 107.00
$\ .//
.  ,.~ >. . *•_ ;   <y ".-
THE DISTBIOT LEDGER, FEBNIE, B. C, AUGUST 20, 1910.
MMFORMmiON
Most of. our readers have a working
-knowledge of the sexual and'material
reasons ^that. Jed" the,English' Nero,
'Henry.. VIII.,'and his gang to institute
- the Protestant1 ^reformation.-; As the
events1 of the Swedish, reformation aie
' riot; so .well known, and are -so instructive* as, and perhaps, more dramatic than the 'English, they,,are here"
, extracted , from   the   'French   Abbe
Vertot's ."History, of, the ..Revolution'
in Sweden Occasioned by the Changes
i;,of Religion* and  Alterations7,of. the:
•; Government, in that Kingdom."   The
..source of our information was origin-'
• ally'published in Glasgow dn the year
.1750.7 ■:* ;   ._ ■ „ ■■"■      :  *•' '
, The . translator gives. the Catholic
.author every praise and credit for his
impartiality towards his own sect, and
while he deplores his harshness and
■severity on the first reformers, he
puts it down as a blind, designed to
- shield the"- author from the resentment of the French court and clergy.
'The Abbe himself says: '"I have not
always, praised -the heads of the
.Catholic party, because I could not
, without injustice, commend all .their
actions. It must.be acknowledged
they had the good fortune to support
the interest of those who professed
the true'religion; but their external
• zeal was seldom accompanied with a
, sincere and inward. faith; and they
:-,were oftentimes less concerned for the
• defence of their religion than for the
7 preservation of the riches and other
.advantages , it ' procured' them." Nor
have I, upon all ■ occasions, either
blamed or despised the heads of the
Protestant faction, because , I found
that, in several cases, they deserved
: neither censure nor contempt."
.'* On behalf "of the S\.L. P., let us
warn- fanatics on either" side that the
sole" purpose, of this article is to reveal  the  material, reasons  that de-
. termiried the thoughts and actions of
> both papist and anti-papist.
-"', The countries principally concerned
in this history are Sweden, Denmark,
. and Norway. In Sweden, at least, the
clergy were    possessed    of    greater
, -riches than, the king and all the other
\ estates of the kingdom.  They enjoyed
: the profits of fines;and' forfeitures,
, which formerly belonged to the crown,
and -by several foundations and pious
legacies, had become, matsers of a
considerable number of " the king's
manors and flefs.7These prelates, so
strong In wealth and vassals, fortified
' and-kept garrisons- in. their castles,
1 and began by degrees to - act like so
many little sovereigns. The lordsand
gentlemen-aj-^o fortified their castles
and made, them the seats -"of "their"
petty, empires; they, treated their
vassals, "menial : servants."* Though
they* allowed them.no wages, ttioy
made ; thein till •> their'. landB and
Obliged them to take up arms to make
Incursions into the territories of their
: neighbors. s There were so.few cities
in, the kingdom that the:deputies of
the merchant and. industrial classes
were not much regarded In the national councils.   .The,, peasants, the
'most-numerous potent body , in tho
state, had the peculiar privilege of
1 sending their own deputies to the
estates. Those who lived' In fertile
districts' applied themselves to agriculture. Those ln the northern provinces wero mere savages, spending
their .time hunting fallow-doer, which
gave them meat for their subsistence
nnd skins for.,, tho ' king's tributes.
. Idolatry was still openly professed ln
■some of tbelr . villages, and Clids-
tl'nnlty prevailed In others,' ,but thoir
religion was. so disfigured by a mixture of their ancient superstitions,
that thoy scarcely retained more of
it than tho bare name of Christians.
Sweden then wns so torn by In-
tornnl wars nnd jonlouslos that tho
. principal families rosolved to take'
their rulor from ,a foreign source, as
'ho would have no relations or tools
,ln Sweden to support him in- nny
tyrannous nets. Accordingly, aftor a
seven years' war, tho Swpdcn choae
for thoir queen nn ablo woman and
a foreigner, Margnrot, tho daughter
of tho king of Denmark, and widow
of tho king of Norway. By this election, sho wns finally and universally,
ncknowlodgod quoon of Swodon, Don-
mark, and Norway. But thoro had
been so much bloodshed beforo this
election hnd been, consummated in
ISO5 that an attempt by moans of tho
Union of Calmar was mndo lo avoid
Btich disputes for tho future, So far
from accomplishing cdncord,* this
union waB tho cnuso of,thoso bloody
wars that kopt Swodon and Donmarlc
embroiled for ovor a hundred years.
Tho Union of Calmar hnd throo
main nrtlclos, First, that tho throo
Ulngdorau should bo subjoct to ono
king, to bo olectod hy turnn ln onch
kingdom. Socond, ho Bhould shnro
his prosonco botween tho threo ronlnm
nnd, without exporting any monoy rocolvod, should spend tho rovenuo of
each kingdom In that snmo kingdom.
Third, each kingdom to retain, au
beforo, Its lawamnd customs, and that
public posts should not be disposed of
to foreigners. . •"" 7*7 •'
...Of course, the,queen was no sooner
"established in power than she violated
the^tei-ms of-the .*anlbn?l*-y favoring
Danes . at the expense of Swedes,
treating all protests "with; contempt.
But.as.her plans' for,.-, keeping the
Swedish nobility at ,'a distance and
impoverishing the .people*;, were _ not'
sufficient io subdue such a bold and
turbulent race, she gained over their
spiritual guides and ..masters; the
clergy, by showering- her favors on
them 'thereby gaining also - the' assistance' .Of their numerous vassals. ""*
As themonarchial institution had
resulted In,so.much violence and. disturbance, Sweden in future determined >.o be governed, not by a king, but
by an administrator for herself, thereby breaking the union of Calmar. In
this anarchical' fashion Swedish history arrives at the time when Steno
II. was administrator in 1512 and a
certain Eric Trolle, Archbishop of
Upsal. At this time .the Nero of the
North, Christiern II. of Denmark,
reigned. His birth had made him king
of Norway also, but he dreamed of
one day conquering Sweden, and
waited till a truce his father had made
with the late Swedish administrator
should expire that he might make
an advance on Sweden. In this work
he counted on ine holp of the haughty
and turbulent Swedish Archbishop
Trolle, who came of a family and was
joined to a party always ready, to
side with Denmark. Let it be said
that the jealous Trolle had openly
shown, opposition to the Swedish' administrator, so that the latter applied
to Rome to keep him in order and
in other ways took means to secure
his administrative power. .Pope Leo
X." ostensibly censured Trolle, but in
reality was pleased at the administrator's troubles, for the kings bf
Sweden, despite the thunders of excommunication, had for long resolutely discontinued the payment of St.
Peter's pence..,
On the other hand, the insolent prelate made it his business to gain more
friends to the king of Denmark and
raise new enemies to the administrator, In- order. to break the truce between the two countries. Leo the
Tenth's legate," .John Arcemboldi,
thereupon came- forward as mediator,
but as he was a purely mercenary
character, he'-was-successfully bought
over by "the. administrator, who thus
checkmated his Danish^ rival. In addition, ..the Swedish estates, learning
of Trolle's treachery, declared .against
him and resolved to seize his person,
and as .his; meant a ■ rupture with his
ally, the king of Denmark, theadmin**-"
istrator. determined. to arm the
Swedes for defense. In tbis work
he, had the invaluable assistance of
his young lord of .six and twenty. It
was by the latter's advice that the
peasants, armed for the most • part
with bows and arrows," were' given
fire-arms. These fire-arms wero bought
at Lubeck and shipped to Sweden,
but on the waj^ the' ship was seized
by tbo Danish admiral, which served
for-a declaration of* war between the
two nations in which the Swedes were
victorious at tlie first encounter.
Hence, thereafter, the administrator
and his Benate were able to compel
Trolle to resign his, office as a traitor,
and his* fort of Steque was demolished,* The, archbishop turned to the
king'of Denmark and the Pope In
order to securo his restoration.
In a subsequent engagement the administrator died of a gunshot wound,
whon tho Danes wero able to triumphantly enter Sweden and, the 'Archbishop Trolle loft his monastery to
resume his old authority at Upsal,
whoro ho mado'that dty.declare for
Denmark.*' Tho noxt net of tho king
of Denmark was .to condomn all tho
senators to death who hod signed
the sentence against Trolle, also tho
consuls and magistrates of Stockholm
and 94 lords underwent tho snmo fato.
A( the samo timo, tho town was given
ovor to tho murdorous and brutal
lucts ol tho Boldlory, But there was
one who escaped, destlnod to rnnk
na tlio Protestant liberator of Swodcn
—that snmo Gustavus Erlcson above-
montlonod. Suffice it to say that
Gustavus, who wan In hiding, and
who had boon obllgod to work ln tho
copper mines, managed to raise, after
mnny hardships, a succosBful rovolt
against Christiern II. of Donmarlc, so
thnt ho hoenmo first administrator
nnd, finally, king of Swodon. Trollo
•died of wounds rocolvcd ln bnttlo In
1535.
From now on wo havo to doal with
tho ovonts of tho Swodlsh reformation. Whon GustnvuB had beon urged
by his sonatorH and officers to actually proparo for hia coronation, 'ho
knew that ho was not mnstor of sufflclont funds to defend his kingdom,
Tho rovonuea of tho crown wero
olthor nllonntod pr usurped, tho Imposition of taxes wns resented by thn
peoplo, tho commons wero roducod to
extreme poverty, and tho nobility exhausted by long and oxpcnslvo war.
6i» the.contrary, the. clergy were rich
and- powerful, especially the"; bishops,
who had seized on the principal forts
and\ part -of 7 the 7revenues-; of -the
crown. ■! Besides; he was not prepare-
to' take the'eustomfary coronation1 oath
demanded by-the clergy that the,; king
would preserve and maintain all*.tti'eir
privileges, a_ Gustavus was'firmly de-
termlned;to abolish every one of these
privileges:",-. Accordingly he opened his
mind.tbfhis chancellor, Lars Anderson, who had a" grudge against the
clergy ■ for excluding him from a
bishopric when he had formerly tried
an ecclesiastical' career., - "Anderson
was possessed with.the new doctriies
of .Luther,'but he urged that If "Gustavus dispossessed the' church of. her
wealth solely on the plea of the public good, the priests and monks would
be able to use religious arguments to
regain their influence over the people.
But if, in addition to Gustavus' material reasons, there was coupled the
already well-known ' Lutheran teaching, the reformation could be. successfully brought about.; Besides, the
inferior clergy would* be easily persuaded to shake off, the burdensome
yoke of a forced celibacy, and. would
cheerfully embrace so favorable an opportunity to exchange their scandalous libertinism for' lawful matrimony.
Gustavus knew he was, playing a
dangerous game, and that lt would be
policy that such an important change
should always be begun by the people,
and that he should seem to embrace
the new religion out of complaisance
to his subjects. H«. therefore gave
secret orders to Anderson not only
to protect the Lutheran doctors
within his kingdom, but also to invite others .from the universities of
Germany to spread the new doctrines.
The Swedish bishops perceived with
alarm the progress of, this work, destined to ruin their power and dignity,
but although they observed its origin
from the king, he was so careful to
conceal his views and still continued
in the external profession, of the
Catholic religion that they could only
watch events. Iri the meantime Olans,'
a Lutheran, published a version of
the New Testament, whereupon the
bishops complained to the king, denouncing him and his followers as
notorious heretics. A public conference on religion was appointed ,and
held, and the bishops agreed tb publish their own version of the New
Testament.* The next -step, of the
Lutherans was to publicly marry, and
Gustavus was so. pleased with the
way things were going that he concluded that he might.at last venture
to throw off his mask and seize ori,
part of those estates possessed by the
clergy. Accordingly, with his senators' support, he had all the superfluous plate.and bells of the churches
confiscated, and at the same tiine
laid, up -in public .stores the tithes
and corn, that were .appointed for the
_U.b_isteiRseTOf~*the~"army:—He—had-
some .trouble with rebellious peasants
and clergy, but f'a show of arms was
sufficient to overawe all rebels, and
thereafter nothing stopped his victorious career. , He recovered from
the clergy more than two-thirds of
their revenues,. and seized upon 13,-
000 considerable farms, somo of which
he reunited to his own demesnes, bestowing the rest upon.his creatures
and the principal officers of his army.
At'the* same time, .he caused the
church plate to be everywhere melted,
down and carried to the public treas-'
ury, Most of tho clergy settled down
to tho inevitable and embraced Lutb-
eranlsm, and in this manner, its
whole career markod and defiled
with utter materialistic did .the holy
reformed Protestant religion take Us
rise and dispossess the equ-i?,.y malodorous .Catholic religion of Sweden,
Such is a much abbreviated nnd incomplete , account of the , Swedish
Reformation. Thoso who wish to pursue thosubjoct moro doeply are recommended to read Vertot's entire history for themselves.
VERESO.
PAGE THBEE
of Carbon Dioxide
A* number "bf- collieries iri the central coal basin of .France have to
fight against., a .danger quite as
serious, as fire-damp, and, coal !dust,
namely, sudden outbursts', of carbon-
dioxide, the occurrence of which has
become more frequent of late years.
Until. 10 years ago there was only a
single French colliery, that of Fon-
tanes, Mn the Department du Gard,
that had this danger to contend with
except for a few and comparatively
unimportant outbursts in the' Brassac
basin, Departments of . Pay_e-Dome
and Haute-Loire. _- At the * present
time, however, one, of the collieries
in the Brassac basin—namely, the
Du Grosmenil pit—is subject to carbon dioxide outbursts tbat are quite
as violent , as., those at Fontanes.
Similar outbursts have also occurred
in the coal deposits, of a0very different character, that traverse the
central plateau, from north to south,
between Decize , and Champagnac:
Finally, an increased number of these
outbursts have' been reported in the
Department of Gard, not merely In
the Rochebelle and Nord d'Alais collieries, where the extension of the
Fontanes coal deposit is worked, but
also in pits working the very different Crelys seams at the extreme
opposite end of the district. In the
Nord d'Alais district particularly, the
outbursts have beeri of a very, violent
character, the one occurring in July,
1907, having dislodged no less than.
4,000 tons, of which 1,000 tons were
forced up to the surfaco. For several hours the entire workings were
filled with carbon-dioxide, and several cases of poisoning, resulting in
the death of three laborers, occurred
at the surface within a radius of several hundred yards from the pit. The
only practicable means at present
known for coping with the danger of
these sudden 'outbursts -\ consists in
the prohibiting of the winning of coal
with the pick substituting shot-firing,
with heavy charges of explosives fired
by electricity from a sufflicient distance. Apart from very special cases,
blasting has to be carried on during
the change of shift, at a time when
none of the men are in the pit, the
charge being fired from bank. •' Except in the accident of July-6th, 1907,
personal injuries have been prevented
in all cases where these precautions
have been adopted in Nord d'Alais
district. " It is, however, essential to
use heavy blasting- charges, which
will .shatter the coal violently, and to
distributeTthe shotsj to "be fired
simultane6u'sly,--over" tbe whole dis-
trict',pf the mine, since, otherwise, an
outburst .of carbon" dioxide may.,0c-
curTuriexpecte"dIy~during"thlTsHft .md"
be attended with more serious results.0 In most' divisions of the mines
where sudden outbursts of carbon
dioxide occurred during development
work, pillar and stall working, haB
not been adopted to more than a
small extent. In such cases the regulations might.be made. less stringent, if. only in view of preventing
falls ; of roof and coal as a,. consequence of excessive blasting charges;
and in the" case of pillar * workings,
with sufficiently narrow intermediate spaces and far enough away from
the zone of greatest danger! winning
with the pick, or a* least with smaller blasting charges might be permitted.—Victoria Colonist.
HAVE"YOU  REMEMBERED  IT?
STRIKES AT END IN AUSTRALIA.
Peaceful Conclusions Come to Labor
Disputes  In  Large Cities.
SYDNEY, N. S, W„ Aug. 20.—Tho
Industrial atmosphere has beon considerably cleared during tho week,
nnd no loss than throo strikes throat-
onlng lho wolfnro of at lonst throo
states havo, through tho agoncy of
tho Industrial d Input or legislation,
boon, amicably settled.
In Adelnldo, South Australia, 400
tinworkors hnvo beon on striko, but
n compromise has brought about nn
adjustment of tho men's grievances,
and today tho striko was called off,
Tho striko of tho govornment tramway mon of Perth, wostorn Australia, which has caused nn interruption of traffic during tho past month,
Is, through tho medium of arbitration
drawing to an ond,
Tho striko which threatened tho retail meat trndo of Sydney through the
Blaughtor-mon's domnnd of Increased
wngos, will probably tormlnnto on
Mondny, whon It Is nntlclpatod tho
miiBtors will accede to tho Hlaughtor-
min's roquosta.
• When packing for the,country cot
tnge,' don't forgot your .box of Zam-
Buk! Blisters, sunburn, scratches,
Insect stings, etc.,' if not immediately
attended to, are likely to spoil your
pleasure. Znm-Buk ensures' you
against trouble from these. Take
Zam-Buk, Instead of "taking
chnncea."
Znm-Buk is antiseptic; kills all
poison In wounds, whether from
barbod wlro fence, or insoc.t Bting,
Soothes aching foot and blistored
hands; heals baby's chafed places;
cools thoso sunburn patches', and pro-
vents frocklcs. No mother Bhould bo
without It. Purely horbnl In Its composition, Znm-Buk Is always superior
to tho ordinary ointments containing
animal oils and tatn, and mineral coloring mattor. All druggists and storos
soil Zam-Buk, but avoid harmful substitutes, n *     ' •
ENUMERATION OF ,
CENSUS VALUES
The farm and urban values of the
census of 1911 will be enumerated
under the date of June lst. They
will include the real estate and live
stock values of each enumeration district at that date,. of the livestock
and nursery stock sold in 1910, of
the dairy "products consumed at home,
sent to factories or sold, and of *.he
animals slaughtered on the farm, in
the same year, together, with values
of. other, products of the farm.
Land and -buildings and farm; implements arid, machinery owned by
every person in the enumeration district will be, recorded separately for
values in 1911, and the rent of land
and buildings will. also be recorded
if leased in that .year.. Values will
be taken for'' orchard fruits, small
fruits and vegetables separately for
1910; but values of horses; milch
cows, other horned * or neat cattle,
sheep, swine, poultry arid hives of
bees will be taken separately for
1911. at the date of the census.
The values of livestock and nursery stock sold ln 1910 will include
horses, milch cows, other horned or
neat cattle, sheep, swine, poultry.and
hives of bees, and of nursery stock,
which means fruit and ornamental
trees grown for transplanting into
orchards, gardens arid parks.
Dairy products consumed on the
farm, and sent to factories or sold,
refer to products of the year 1910.
They Include the values ' of milk,
cream, home-made butter and homemade cheese.
Animals slaughtered ori the farm in
1910 will be recorded for the values
of horned or neat cattle, sheep,
swine an dpoultry:-^ Horses are not,
Included in these values, as In our
country their, meats are not used for
food.       .* y
The values, of other products of
the farriv include those of eggs, honoy
and wax for 1910, and .wool, maple
sugar and maple syrup for 1911.
The enumeration of hired labor on
tho farm refers to, the year 1910. • It
will give the total number of weeks
of labor employed, which means the
number for all men who work for
hire, on the farm, and the total
amount paid for hire, ' including allowance for board. The payment
should'be reckoned for the full time
of service ,and should include the
value of. board. The inquiry relating ' to earnings .for domestic
service is asked for in Schedule No. !.
Iri addition to the . foregoing inquiries of values, a question is asked
fo rthe value- of all lands and build-,
ings not manufacturing ostablish-
ments or mines.owned in Canada in
1911 which,, are outside... of ■ the
enumerator>„distrlot.-- ■-*- *""'"
ORGANIZER   TROTTER   COMING.
, Mr.-W. R; Trotter, organizer for the
Trades and Labor •• Congress of ' the
Dominion, went down to Victoria Saturday to address "meetings there. - On
Monday he has arranged .to speak in
Vancouver at the Orange, hall, arid
on the day following at a gathering in
New Westminster. On Thursday - Mr.
Trotter will leave'on- his return' to
the east, his journey to be made by
way of the Crow's Nest route.
""Si
BUSINESS
BUILDING
,t -
■ is identical with house building or any other structure; the better
the material the better structure you have, and that's our principal
in business building .
1   1
r        QUALITY
Therefore when you leave your orders for Groceries with us you
can depend on getting The Best, and the same rule applies to the
Men's Furnishings.; '    .  -    ,
OUR   MADE-TO-MEASURE  CLOTHING HEAD THE LIST ALWAYS.
A.
The Cash Merchant
McBEAN
Opp,_ Post Office
WILL REDUCE PRICE ON
COMMON   LUMBER
Mountain Mill Men Reach An Agreement With Prairie Retailers.
,-*'*   —Benefits Farmers.
VANCOUVER, Aug.' 20.—Coast and
mountain mill men at conference with
the Prairie retailers at Banff concluded August 12th, agreed to reduce
the price on common lumber $2 per
thousand. A number of retailers who
expressed an unwillingness to give
the farmers the benefit of the reduction were given a warning.
All reports represented showed the
lumber trade to be In a flourishing
condition. Stocks of the coast mill
men were shown to have been one
hundred and two hundred million feet
on January 1, and one. hundred and
seventy-five million feet a year ago.
The stock of the Mountain * mills
are now one hundred and sixty-five
million feet as against two hundred
million feet this time last year.. The
spruce mills reported that they will
have twenty million feet on hand at
the, end bf the- season as compared
with1 seventy-five million a year ago,
and the White Pine men of the east
showed .'that their stocks are forty
per cent less'than they were'a year
ago. *-■■*,.
Several spruce mills and one white
pine saw mill 'have closed through
_lack-_oLs_upply_j)_t_logs.__jrhe_|fim__
Includes the. Red Deer mill at Prince
Albert. Two* large saw mills in the
Kootenays were destroyed by fire last
month, thus reducing the output for
the present.
British Columbia mill men also re
duce price on shiplap %i per thousand. They also agreed that odd
lengths would not comprise more than
25 per cent of their shipment to the
Prairlos.—Edmonton Journal.
Fresh.   Cut
Flowers
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets.       ;
I TERRILL FLORAL CO
, >•
>■
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>■
$
*
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>■
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>-
1 ■
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i-
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Long: Distance Phone  S77
LETHBRIDGE,,,      ALBERTA
, Your ordot-H will receive I'romjJt nU
£ tcntlonand you will be plutKcd with
•*  what wc fiend you.
***■**********************+
__ *    1    *    i    *   .*. _    1    i_.»*»i---i-i<i|l.l
xKT*K_K_kKKKXKr«««wrf*«F«j
The Creston Fruit and I
Produce Association
Tomatoes
Retailers please Note that ord-
"ci'S~foirt"he I'aliTdusX'restxm       *—
J Tomatoes now, in ., J
J Season _
1 <■"£
j A. Lindley, Box 27 Creston J
*****************	
For ball programs, banquet menus,
and. up-to-date  printing   of all   kinds',
come to The Ledger office.
LABOR DAY AT LETHBRIDGE.
DI88. LUTION   OP   PARTNERSHIP,
Notico   li   horoby given thnt tho
•nnr*T<'>T,o1h<j\    hArntftfrivn    nvlnH-nir    ht,.
tween un, the undersigned nn timber
dealora nnd contractors at Morrlasoy
Junction, 1). C„ him thla day boon
dissolved by mutual content, AH
dobta owing to tho aatd partnership
nro to ho paid to Thomns Lorro nt
*.   ,    .      <;,...        Y...    .tl.M ,.#....,.,.,.11 ,...-1        .,1
claimi agalnat the aaid partnerabtp
aro to bo presented to the aald
Thomas Leggo by whom tho aamo
will bo aottled.
Dated at Fornie, B. C, this 8th
day of AiiKuat, 1010.
THOMAS LKflflR.
ALEX CAMPDELL.
Wllnr-ita:    L. T». KcVataln.
C
R
Tho Lothbrldgo Trades nnd Labor
Council nro holding u ilomonHtration
In LethbrldKO on Labor Day, Sept,
R'h, Thoro will bo a procession of
the crnft organizations with bmuton*
and docoratod floats nnd 2,003
orpnnlzod wnKo-i'iirnorn will mnrch to
thn nuiHlc of union niimlclnnH,
Aftor tho pnrndoH Brothers John D,
HiirrliiRlon of Foriilu, II, C„ Dntinld
McNnbb,' ex.-.M. I'.P. for LetlibrldRo,
and sovornl other well known mon In
tho labor movement will ihIiIichh the
worltors. Tbi'ro will bo nono of tho
old-tlmo purtlcH "i.-on-nrllRla" to
mouth hncUin'yod platltudcm nbout tho
"norny hnnd'il Bonn of toll" nnd tlio
"dignity of labor," but only mon who
cnn show n pnld-iip union card nnd
undemlnnd  iho 1011I iicciIh of lnbor
li'iyi  «"pnnV fi-iim  Iho  pl.iffnrrn
Thoro will lm a Rplondld pronrnm
of aporlH and khiiioh tu tho nftor-
noon and vnlunblo prized will ho com-
jve-led for. H in oxiw-ctod tlmt 11 large
numbor of tho ni'iiorw' nniona In tho
PftRH will bo pn-Hont nnd tnl-o pnrt
lurgo body of niluiiH will mean a
proic»t AKuinHt tho persecution of
Brother Docoux.
Any Information rcfiulred nbout tho
colobrntlou can ho obtained from W.
flymoiiidR, i-i'MMary Trndos nnd
Lahor Cnuri-i!, box 414, I.«<thbrl(li*co.
Alia.
££
s
T
TENDERS WANTED,
Tenders for UUnf charge of the
nndertakffir work of Michel Local
Union. Tenders to be f<*nt la oil
Inter thnn tho ItWh of Atrppint, t»)fft,
to Maurice Burrell. Secretary, Ulcb«l,
D. C,
Our co. K-ni. oi >'ow Michel li after
the C. V. It, i-.'-rawae of tho treatment mcu-d •■..» tn thai place, and,
allhouRb ho •/.iu- a that the train doca
atof> thoro, much to the dincomfort
of four -wotBt ii HfttilCTera) they were
e.nr"1*d on f" . *-»r-*rr>_f bnrmnut no
atop waa ks.ni- it N'ew Michel.—
Natal on Monday's Westbound,
Mjy
N
In the vicinity of these two
■_»_____'«___________»__i_***_-W_M____BB_
places we have some first
class   Fruit   Farm   Lands
^____——_■■■_t__B_aa_*_____M_
that will bear the closest
inspection. The wise plan
is to examine before buying so B YYY, I am taking parties from time to
time. If interested drop a
line to
Joe Grafton
P. O. Box 48
Fernie, B. C.
I.       !-..*■
E
R
I
C
K
O
"NT T'TT-g-V'■ „*■**
-PAGE FOUE
.'THEfPISTBICT ILEPGEB,. gEBNIE, B.; C.;'
7    * Published every; Saturday morning'at its office, Pel-
:'.'■;■•;: '■%£ *■ -j. : .^ .' 7 *•_ ■* .- '■ •---..*".-'
latt Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   . Subscription $1.00 per year in
; advance. , An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities' for the' execution of all
kinds of book, job and color work... Mail orders receive
special attention. Address all communications to The
District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
TELEPHONE NO. 48 POST OFFICE BOX NO. 5
<UNION
LAB£L>
LABOR'S SHARE IN PRODUCTION.
.    When the remark Is made by a student of economics
that capital receives 80 per cent arid labor but 20 per
cent the porson addressed not infrequently makes the re-
•joinder: "You do not know what you are talking about"
and" alludes to some particular industry where the profit
is only on a very small*percentage and that the wages
paid  to lho 'laborer/represent 85 per cent of the expenditure.   This assertion may be perfectly correct, but
in nowise-contradicts the prior assertion for the process
of production does riot begin and end in one establishment, but is interwoven with every other department of
production whether it bo in the extraction of,the, raw
material from mother earth    or    the    various phases
through which0 it passes en route to the ultimate consumer.   The first speaker-is dealing with the collectivity
of" capital and labor, whereas the other simply refers
to  individual  institutions,  consequently,  although  both
may be correct in their assertions, each is judgiffg from
a different standpoint.   We do not think that the United
State.1' government can be charged with being' advocates
of Socialist, philosophy although the statistics furnished
by this body are in themselves the strongest corroborative* evidence of the soundness of the Marxian theory
of surplus value.      - .
The figures .quoted are" from United  States census
reports" arid speak for themselves:
'    Value of. products, $24,000,000,000 per annum.,
j   Wages paid, $6,000,000,000 per annum.-
- .On the basis of five members to a family, averages
$300 a year, for each, family   or   practically $6.00 per
week. ■"'.,''
Despite these facts, and there is no logical reason
to doubt their,accuracy, is it not an impertinence border-
'T*^~d^cruelfyl.6""advise"the working class as a classlo
be thrifty, gave their money, when to do so means' the
deprivation of some of those things which go to make,
life a little less distressful? - *.*.,"
To quote Engels on the Proletarian: \;
'".ar moro demoralizing, than even poverty; in its'-'iln-
have met many';exiles„from the land'of-*-the-Czar.who
would not have" hesitated to commit regicide had the
opportunity* offered that are. exemplary citizens• on. .this
~"'       • ■* j    " i '
continent. **A leaf* from .the.book of life, ofe one of these
individuals will better illustrate our contention thaU' any
lengthy argument can afford. At the'present time he
is* following the duties of his profession as a draughtsman, in.-which.'he is particularly expert,'within a thousand miles of the office of our co-tenT respected and
admired by all his acquaintances because of his
sterling personal qualities and such is,, his- disposition,
Intense hatred of cruelty and suffering under any form
that he is a consistent supporter of vegetarianism and
yet only escaped with difficulties from Russia where
he was iriiplicated In the spreading of terrorist propo-
ganda.     "7- ^      7   ,.      ■..'.. *..
7 "My father was7a physician and as his practice
brought him In contact with many of the members of
the poorer classes he could not help seeing the many
distressful cases "that came under his notice whilst attending the families .although he refrained from taking
nny tactive steps in any political movement because of
his time being completely absorbed in the many branches
of his beloved .profession. One night an ever-eventful
one ln my memory, father was studying in the library
while I, a lad of ten, amused myself with a new toy
engine that had been given to mo for a birthday present; suddenly the door was opened and three policemen entered without ceremony, one seizing my father
while the other two ransneked the house in search of
suspicious literature, this concluded leaving everything
scattered around where they had thrown them on the
floor, departed with father in their custody. Child-like
affrighted with terror I cried and while sobbing and
wondering what the police were going to do to papa,
my mother who had been visiting came into the room
and noting the disordered state of the room and the
absence of father asked me where he was. All I could
say .was that the. policemen had taken him, when she
rushed out of doors it was a freezing night and I afterwards learned that she had gone from police station
to police station without getting any information must
have fainted and in her state of health and the oxclte-
men were too mueh for her poor frame and I never saw
either mothor or father again alive. An* uncle took
charge of-me and'I was educated at a university and
among the students discovered that though the details
were-different there were many who possessed-experiences much of the same tenor as mine.. The rest of my
, life was devoted to the study, of," conditions' and the
education of others, but being warned that my life and
liberty were in jeopardy and realizing the futility of re-,
.malning in my. native land -I'escaped across to Germany and finally emigrated "to this country.
This is by no means an isolated "instance* that-clearly demonstrates the truth of the theory that man is
affected by his environment. - Here' we have one the'
Utif-i-.ce upon the workingman, is£the insecurity of _H*>
position, the necessity* of living, upon' wages from hand*
to'mouth, .hat In short, which makes a proletarian* of
blm.       ,    .
-, '.'Everything..that.the,proletarian can,do. to. Improve
his position Is but a, drop in the ocean compared with
the floods of varying chances to which; he is exposed,
•over which, he has .not,, tho slightest, control. He .is
•the passive,subject of all posslblo .combinations of circumstances, and must count hlmsolf fortunate" when he
has Bayed his .life* even1'for a. short time; nnd his char**
acter and way of living are naturally shaped by those
conditions,
"To save is unavailing, for at the utmost ho, cannot
savo moro thnn suffices to sustain life for a short time,
while if ho falls but of work it Is for no brief period,
' To ncctimulato'lastlng proporty for himself is impossible;
"nnd, If it woro not, ho would only ceaso.to bo a workingman, und another would tnko his plnco. What better
.thing can ho do then, whon ho .gets hlgb" wages, than
llvo woll upon thom?
"The bourgeolBlo is violently scandalized at the,extravagant llvlnt"** of tho worker*** whon tho wngon aro
.ilp-h; yot It Is only vory natural but very sensible of
thom to onjoy life whon thoy can, Instead of laying up
trenfliiroB which aro of no lasting uno to thom', nnd
which in, tho end moth' and runt (thnt' Is, t tho bourgeoisie;- got possession of."—Extracted from "Condition
of tho Working Clnss In England In 1814."
whole fibre of whose being' was stirred to its depths
because of the tyranny and oppression prevailing in the
domain of the Czar ready ,to dare all and'do-all even
to,the use of weapons for the purpose of.decreasing
the number of oppressors, and yet' when, he finds himself living under a different form of government, which,
althdugh--*by no means ideal,\to him is*,, much superior
to the" one ho has left .would riot even kill a chicken,
still the Vancouver oracle, claims that men of this type
are dangerous in the freest country in the world.!'
Men's Furnishing
' * o , "     *
Department
Men's Wool Socks, pair  20c; 25c, 35c
Men's Black Cashmere Socks, pair 25c, 35c, 50e
Stanfield's Undor, Natural and Dark Gray, heavy weight,
guaranteed unshrinkable, per suit  '.....$3.00
MEN'S   SWEATERS  AND   MEN'S  SWEATER  COATS,
MEN'S   KNIT-TO-FIT   WOOL  COMBINATIONS.
In fact everything in the line of Men's Furnishings,
quality and price guaranteed.
o
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Department
Now Fall Suits, up-to-date  .$20.00 to $30.00
•    _ , - ,    . a
Now Fall Skirts, up-to-date $3.50 to $10.50
New Fall Coats, up-to-date .$15.00 to.$27.50
~-  Balance of our stock of Wash Suits and Skirts at
actually half price. - •'-.*-.
Dry Goods Dept.
New White'Blankets, pair "..,..'...*."..*. .$3.75 to $7.50
New: Gray Blankets, pair $2.50 to $4.50
Hudson's Bay Blankets, pair  .$6.00 to $8.50
New Dress Goods, New Silks.
Boot and Shoe Dept.
Men's Just Right'Shoes just received, a full line of
New"Fall Lasts, special at, pair.*. $5.50 to $7.00
Ladies' Relendo Shoes, with' the cushion heel, special
at, per pair ."..'. $4.00, $4.50, $5.00
Special Line  Ladies'' Tan Oxfords and  Shoes, special
at per' pair ..........' *. *..."., .$2.95
Grocery Department
Good quality and prompt service in our Grocery
Department. _
Keep an eye on our ads they suggest useful eatables
at popular prices, and our specials are money savers.
Come and look them over. 0 ■'
SPECIALS  FOR  THE .COMING  WEEK.       ...
White House Coffee, pound   * ......40c
Braid's Best Ceylon Tea   : 7 ....50c
Ivory Bar Soap, 8 bars for. 25c
Victor Cream, large size   **. i'50
Fussell's Milk, 2 for 25c
Lee's Home-Made Catsup   7. 25c
A special line of Black Tea in bulk, 30c.. Try this.
We have the largest assortment of fresh fruits in.
the city and are able to take caro of your wants. Fre-e^
stone Peaches this week,, also ' all preserving fruits at
lowest prices. "' „
STREET SIGN3 AND  NUMBERS.
CRITICI8M OF NEWS AD,
In 11 recent odltorlnl commontlng upon tho shooting
of Mnyor Gnynor of Now York by a dlHKruntlod Dom-
ncrnfle omployo, llio Nows Advertiser furnishes thlH
."Kom," "Tlio mnn who cnn brliiK lilniHolf to assassinate
11 ruler of .Russia would ba dnngoroun in tho I'rooHt
country ln tho world." Whilo condemning assassination
<-n principle, whothor It bo dono Individually or on tlio
wholesale loglBllzod Rcnlo commonly known nH "wnr" wo
(nlco Ihhuo regarding Iho concluding clause becauso wo
Considerable time • has' elapsed since the*'subjoc't of
numbering ,tho houses and painting the,, signs bearing
tho names of tho streets In their appropriate places
at tho different points of Intersection was* discussed by
tho city council and the tonders submitted tabled indefinitely because of tho belief that moro econoirilcal
arrangements* could • be effected by doing the work
under the supervision of tho city Engineer. Wo do' not
know what progross has beon mado towards tho realization of this projected plan, tout;.this we do know that
groat inconvonionco Is .constantly Imposed bydolnying
its execution. Although tho numborlng might * for
reasons of oxpodloncy bo doferred, tho signs,would.1 materially lesson tho difficulties often Incurred by tjioso
who nro trying to ascertain tho whorenboutVof'a cortnln
ronidont. If thb' onqulror learned -that tlio porson
whoso place of abode ho was In search of lived
botwoon two BtrootB and thoso two streets bore tlieir
roapoctlvo slgno then to locate"would diminish the;difficulty considerably, as at tho worst, it moans asking for
Information only of a fow houBeholdors whereas undor
existing conditions tho following hypothetical dlalogiio is"
no exaggeration of casos that aro of dally,occurence:
Q.   Can you toll mo whoro Mr. • — Hvos? '
A, This stroot Is cnllod Pollat avonuo, prooood
along piiHt tho Flro Hall, tlio brick building opponlto
tho Conl company, offlco, keop right, on nnd you will
note whoro thoro nro some sower plpon In tho stroot
oppoMlto n large building, that Is lho hospital; walk on
to tho noxt cornor nnd turn to tho loft wnlk strnlght
forward across tlto (.;, N. irnck and 0110 block fnrthor
down nt tho foot of tho hill thoro Is a nioro, tho proprietor of which, If at homo, will bo nblo (0 toll you
oxactly whero tho porson you aro looking for Is living.
*. 4
fl
Electric Lighted .. 8team Heated
CENTRALLY LOCATED ?
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
Hot and Cold Water '   L. A. Mills, Manager
ECHOS   FROM   WHITEHAVEN.
i -iJC    iviAlJ-n *i*ft    *C'.iCi     4* hfim    **e* *   ********
Uuihn, iithu'i'n' .•■j.-.jjI uX Whllf-lmvpu,
•- -ACl-iiGwlfrdiflne tho monoy sent only
ret'-r'n   to   Ihe   two <-olI<>c»Ions—one
,. taken up nt tho memorial Horvlc'-B for
tlio l:lng when tho mayor pr-mldcd and
tho other Uio proceeds of tlio football
match1' plnyed between   the   mnrrlod
men nn single.
On account of the delay cnusod by
waiting to got ln (ho monoy for ull
'. »f thn * tickets sold-for tho benefit
-concort  -glvon by   lho   Malo Volco
forty In tho Grand Optra Iloune, tho
, -Rcktiowlediment for this -ram ha* not
v li* .1 received ao tar as wo know, but
'ft In oxpoctod that In tbe near futuro
^wo may ba ftb1e.to;*tate tbat it a***-
\tUod «:.)u.totto*tl©_. --/; .'f.'J.
jt Wo rcprodnee Mr. Hanlon** letter
d] In- full as wo foil ihat It will bo or
i$ *%&*$,*> ,.*4»tttt jiio.*.-. «*«Ur ■- oi «out
roiuloi'M, but moro OHpoclnlly to Uioho
who cnmo from tho district In which
t\\t„   fi'I'tV.'f'.ll   f'?.' fi**'! V(***•■-■ V/'  l^f'!*!   '-'Ir.CC'
Wr.ltffhnvrn l.ortjjpr,.
7 M11 rK Luno.
Whitclinvon. July 15th. .010.
IVnr Sir—Permit me to acknowledge your vory kind lottor of nyiw
jutUiy (rom our brothers and uistoiH
ncross tho sen, towards our poor
ntrlckon peoplo at Whltohavon cnusod
through this torrlblo dlHastor, also to
acknowledge receipt of tho sum of
8*1 dollars nnd 7fi conts which will bo
distribute-! nir you havo directed.
Hoping you will oxcuso my delay of
writing ynu, when I rond your letter
btforo toy council and tho kmicniI
meeting It hnd a (.rent effect upbn
those osiiembled and they desire mo
to convoy to yourself and comrades
Out tburoi'ftur yory best thanks.
Tliey. also fold me not to pay this out
until the ■'other that you speak of
arrives.
T mlRht Inform ynu that wo aro no
HfMtur©&. 19i««m)nj(..tl-t« bodlM,out. to*
tt,l..tt^,i. A UU
n  full neronnl  of tlio
now.   Tho explosion
p .m. on Wednes
day than wo woro nt first.    It will
bo In tho middle of Soptombor boforo
(1 t ....*'...., Ml      " ~
.... ... ,.,>,! ...ft *.«,.
mny hnve- -rot
dlwnRtor boforo
happened nt 7:10
day May the Ilth. and two hours
was wnstod boforo wo Rot any word.
Tlio no-gleet Is too torrlblo to think of
when ono knows that ii xboy hnd only
Bolton word onn-hnlf hoiir snonor
thoy could hnvo saved nbout 100 fino
mon and boys. I got word nt 9:25
p. m. that somethlnir wns wrong nt
tho pit. I rushed thoro nnd no ono
had irono down thorj^ with tho ox-
(•option ol thu doctor until I went
down with a pnrty of mon nt 0:35,
ten mhiutcu after I »ot word. I could
not Ket to know much--until I got to
tho bottom, nnd after hearing what
had io be told I soon concluded what
bad happenedt Some ot tbo officials
that worn In the pll at' tho time
thought It was a fa|i fit, roof. Wo
rushed away inby* -with' plenty ot
help coming behind and wo came
itcross tho undor-mnnager Just ofto-
half Inbyo.  He bad been town tlnee
8:00 o'clock. Wo juBt got to' the
placo whoro tho smoko wns Immediately aftor the two mon had come
out. Tho smoko had followed
them out. They had loft about 20
men behind two doors 450 yards away
from tho plnco tho flame had set tho
tlmbor afire,, so you seo one-half hour
soonor we would havo mot thoso two
men at thnt placo and havo brought
tho. mon out from two sections of
tho mlno. Tho mnnngor camo shortly aftor I got thoro and both him
and myHolf tried to got through tho
smoko, but It Roon drovo us bnck.
You cnn soo that, If tho undor-man-
agor had takon ono or two mon in
with him from tho pit bottom tho flro
would havo boon overcome, but Instead of that ho ordered thom to get
tho coals sont up lho pit, This is tho
most torrlblo part whon ono thinks
of tho tlmo lont and whon thoso mon
woro waiting for somo rollof party to
got to thom, If thoy only had pluck-
ud up couriigo and como away thoy
could nil hnvo gallon out, In conclusion I bog to thank you from my-
solf,
Yours truly,
JOHN 1IANLON,
Minors' Agont,
W. I), Hooh, Soorolnry,
BRIEF DITO PROM  BRITAIN,
Tho govornmont has planod a con-
tract wuh Libby, McNeill & Libby of
Chliuao tor ouo million puumh ot
corned meat for mllltnry uso, Tho
ordor for tins has boon glvon lo a
Welsh firm.
During tho prosont troublosomo
times in Spain tho king nnd nueon
of Hpnln nro taking n vacation in
lOriRlnnd. It In not oxpoctod thoro
will bo any deduction from tho king's
wngos for tlmo off.:
Thoro Is troublo botwoon tho Nortli
llrltlsh Hallway company and thoir
employes which If not adjusted may
rimult in a striko.
A gang of clovor lotter-box thloves
hnvo ln-tiit operating recently with
considerable sttccoss tn tho west ond
of London.
Charles Freak, tho gonornl president of tho national union of Floot
and Shoe Operators, died recently at'
Leicester.   "*■'' *   ■  .1 *'
There Is e?erf reason to believe
tbat nnless a large number of non-'
unionism Join tho federation there"
irfl! be a coal strike In 8ooth WaUe,
LI8T OF GRADUATE  FOR
FIRE BO88 EXAMINATIONS
List of grnduatos at tho rooont Fire
Dosses Examinations held   at  Frank,
"Alborta,-Canada: '
: * Jam'os Carson, Frank, Alta.
* W. Adlam, Hlllorost MInon, Altn.
* B. Roberts, Passburg, Alta,
* T. Parry, Hillcrest Mlnos, Alta.
* Donald McMillan, Coloman, Alta.
* T. O. Davies, Coloman, Altn.
* D. Briscoo, Hlllorost Mlnos, Alta.'
J.   H,   Robinson, Hlllcrost Mines,
Alta,
J. GIlloBpIo, Coloman; Alta.
Namos starred off aro International
Corjospondonco School studonts.
GISORQE C. TCC1G, Local Hop.
Ilox 30, Fornio, D, O.       <
IF   VOU    WANT
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Clip of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
VICTORIA AVENUE FERNIE, B. C.
^1
fA
4
_
r<n
CENTRAL
HOTEL
The Two
"Billies'
Now Under New Manaoemont
Catering to the Workwoman's Trade
.   Large Airy Rooms and Qood Table
BILLY RO88 BILLY MACKAY ,
i\
01
'I
41
i*i
1
-P
aa
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THE GRAND THEATRE, FERNIE
■Pir.tif.fft
Show
Positively the
Best Pictures
ever shown in
Ferme; ':
Our pictures are all clear,
steady and up to date
We arc giving away $10
on Saturday. Night
Prices at this Theatre for
the sura mer; will.be
10 and. 15c..
>,t.
t- % • .*■ "V.
f '
_e
-TP
a_
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SB
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£Hg®£^^ THE,■•piffrMC*T I^bOE^ FEBNIB, :B. C.rAUGUST 20, mot:
1   . *•**  - '
PAGE FIVE
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk*.
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] a»»V»y»»«»K»M*fiiM^sifm»mmMifM^
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.■«►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
-*••"•.,--   • * .--     ♦
♦ .   .  COAL  CREEK  BY 174        ♦
♦ -:.;....■■.,--.-.•   •'-♦
,♦ ♦.■*•►.'■♦ ♦ ♦-♦'♦ ♦ ♦•♦♦♦
■". Services will be held in the Method
dist church on Sunday; 21st, at 7:00
p. m. Subject, "The Christ" Image In
Man." %. cordial invitation is'extended to all. 'Rev. E. H. Best, pastor.. '
- Don't forget the basket social in. the
Methodist church on Tuesday the'
23rd. A. good program-is being, arranged besides well-filled baskets.
A digger named George ■' Lamont
working in No. 9 mine got his.back"
hurt,on Monday while .endeavoring to
. stop a car which had gotten the best
of him. He is resting at home. --
. Joe Morris of Michel was a .visitor
..up here on-Tuesday;
Prank Henderson, recently elected
vice president of the Athletic club,
who has been working, here as a
machinist' for about five years, left
last week for.Bellevue. -He will be
missed as he»was well liked* by the.
boys. His wife and family will follow
him in the .near future."
\V. R. Puckey was visiting,friends
at Hosmer on Wednesday.
-.'- District Vice President Stubbs and
Secretary Rees.were up here'on Saturday and* Wednesday . in. connection
with fixing a price in No.' 3 mine.
Jack Harrington paid a' visit to
Michel last week end In connection:
with the Socialist movement. I wonder
if he met the (one sitting on the
rence) if he is still in that neighborhood..     .. ,,
, The old timer, Dan Slavin, returned
to our humble little village (Between
the mountain cleft) 'and I don't think
he will'have much trouble in getting
the boys fixed on the diamond ns we
have the right, goods an hand and a
little coaching from the world famous
Danny now that he has found, his old
college chum Pete, between them they
' think that we should have a team that
, will be able" toehold tlieir own against
any other team in the district.
Adam Watson is acting pit boss up
■at No. 1 North'and Harry Dunlap as
flight "shift boss in No. 9 mine.
• Mr. and'   Mrs.    James . Hope and
family  have moved' to  Passburg  to
-take charge of the dining room at the
Passburg hotel. We hope they will
have -good luck in their" hew underf
taking.   ',-,.,,_ ■   , •   '•
.; H. Murray severed his connection
—with»theTT^yvV'GoyTCOffipanj~Iast7Sat-""
urday'arid has left* for pastures, new,
• !  where is my wandering, .boy..to-,
night?   ,'•'"-.
, James McLachlan arrived back in
camp on Wednesday from the.' land
O'Heather. .'••■•■■'''. -v. '; . . .
Mrs.- Hewitt arrived 'here on Wed-,
nesday * from _.\ Sunderland,', England.*
•_ Jack ;and /Joe 'have' said goodby ''to
"their baching days.
y. A social,dance..wasJield'In;the.club,
hall on Wednesday evening,. There
Was a good atteridaVcb'.\'Refreshments were served and full justice
done to /• them,; evory.;' .plato bolng
emptied. J. Foster was in chargo of
the* mine, ,SId' Hunt acting as floor
master. Several Fernloites wore present. - ' ;., , . ' c - '",*•'•
- Tho mines were all Idlo up hero on
Tuesday and Wednesday owjng to a
shortage of box cai'B.
Tho - football **■ toam .. Journeyed to
Hosmer last Saturday to fill their
league fixture and managed to bring
away-the two points .after a hard
struggle, Tho only^goal of tho game
boon a penalty, ono which was .put
through by Captain McF.ognn..   ..
Twoltfa company, throo Is a crowd,
but whon seven got Into a rig that
will jii_t carry two comfortably thon
no wonder the axlo got slightly bont,
Why not, hlro'tho motor, or a box car?
William Mdlsby was down nt tho
examination sitting for first class,
Robort" Adanmon and H, Miard socond
.class; Waltor,Prlco, Thomas Ilanno,
W. R. Puolcey, Thomas Thomns, third
class.
, Robort Ewlng pnld a visit to Fornio
this, wcok and dropping In at th'o
Fornio Opera Houso to soo tho moving pictures had tho good fortuno to
floouro tho tlckot -which mado him ft>
rlchor than when, ho wont in,
Bert Woodh'ouBO was a visitor up
here" last Thursday,"'arriving by the
late train. , We did not see him go
home. . , -' •- - . 7 * ■ _
--W. R. Ross, M. P.'P., was seen on
our main boulevard one day this week
in company with R. J. Black, superintendent of the.M. F. & M. ,   .
♦ ;- ,-    MICHEL. ♦
♦ "♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦"♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦
(Stave)
"Tom Spruston, pit boss of No. 5 is
gone on a business trip to Rossland,
■Vancouver and. Seattle.
E. K. Stewart, manager, of Trites-
Woods, left on Thursday last for two
weeks' holiday, to Vancouver.
Mr. R. M. Macpherson, late living
picture man, was in Hosmer on Thursday and returned on Friday.
, Fred -Eddy's team was killed at the
Loop on Friday. One of the horses
was chased over the bridge there and
killed in the yard limit..
George Fisher 19 taking out the
cellar for Pete Zoratti's hotel in New
Michel, which will' be" called "the
Venezia."
Joe Travis is building a fine house
in New Michel. 7        „    ,
Messrs. Jack Truran and-'William
Ball were visitors to the Lethbridge
iair.   7 • . '
Misses Flossie and Gwennie Ryan
were in Lethbridge for the fair.
', Tom Gunliffo Is acting pit boss at
No. 5 in the-absence of T. Spruston.
John Marsh, late checkweighman,
is now weighman for the company.
Six new hydrants have arrived for
New' Michel's water, works.
J. Harrington delivered an eloquent
speech- Sunday in Crahan's hotel and
in New Michel.
Mrs. W. D.-Stewart came, back on
Friday last "after ,a visit, to her "old
home in Huntville, Ont. "•"
James i Ashworth and his. daughter
were here on Saturday last.
Dr. .John Martin Chiropractor,- late
fluid dispenser, is* now' tending fires
in the boilhouse.    Quite    a   change
Doctor John.  .' _   '
'  Bert Smith is tending bar at the
GVeat  Northern* in  the  absence' of
James Carney, who is up the Elk' on
a fishing trip.'  -;  - " ... ■_
, -Dr. Welldon-,. is taking -.a vacation
at Sulphur,Springs, Elk Valley.
~7^he~Itaiian~"Spciety's—sports—will-
take  place  in  the  main., street .between Crahan's and the C. P." R. depot.
■*- Mat Ball* is "around again'after his
accident.
♦ Michel's prize - band - Is taking the
old 'opera house for week practices.
General . John • ■ MacArthur is quite
proud of ther-band's success at Let-**
bridge. , John would like a band contest at Lethbridge and a "Pride of
Alberta'.'"for a-ehaser every week.-1*
. ..Warren...Fattrey pulled out.on. Saturday last on" a side-door Pullman. -'.'
G. B. Steadman, of the Kootenay.;
~was oh; thb sick list 'last week. '"* • •{
v The ^Dramatic Order1 Knights ,bf
Khorassan will be In Fernio bn the
29th, Instead. of, the 15th. Michel
Tyros aro anxiously waiting to walk
on the hot rinnds. "Boys, they will
have, fezes on thoir topknots and
camels, to ride upon, etc.
Messrs. J. A. Murray and Switzer
took a party to Sulphur Springs on
Saturday last.
„ Tom; Crahan Is giving' $75 ln prizes
for a rock drilling competition on
Monday next.
• Mr. Chonowoth Is acting, postmaster
in the absonce of Mrs, Gnmage and
Miss Bartley, who aro Sulphur Springs
for a month.        '
Charlie Milton was' In Coal Creok
oh ' Saturday last visiting his, old
country frlondB.
Ed Coghlau was horo on Monday
from Coal Creok on a tour of Inspection, i.
...Chlof of.Polico Sampson.of, Fornio
was In town on Monday.
Tho mlnos woro Idlo on Tuesday,
Tho Mlchol football club plays Coal
Creole on tho 20th.'
William Antrobiis loft for Coloman
on Saturday last to talco up a position ns machinist thoro.
Tho voranda of No, 75 Is a favorite
place" of young, lovers onr Sundays
from p .m. to a. m; "Now Carrlgan
stay-in your own back yard."- -
jfThe boxing contest is called off.
1 The Fernie Opera company is building an opera house between Trites-
Wood and the Michel Hotel."
J." B. Turney and Al Rizzuto, of the
Imperial Hotel, Fernie, drove' down
from Fernie on Wednesday.
The Knife and Fork club take their
monthly,.fishing trip on Saturday up
the Elk.'
Tho Coal company are going to
build a new, hospital. The site is
not decided upon as yet.
Nos. 3 and 4 mines are idle owing
to a big cave in the main air-way.
George Tyldeslyis building an addition to his. house in New Michel.
W. Wolf and J. Mackay, G. N. fuel
inspectors, were here on .Wednesday
on official business. ■'
ELKO. NOTES.
\
Xjiiy. 'xf.tyf,'   . VKAvia*3!t\V*iy/l,«n7i™,'''»>Ti.'-. rl .■■«  ■,,
t-
THE TEPEE
*, **   *
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN'AND CHEAP
♦ ♦ ♦_♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ .' ■ -♦
♦ COLEMAN NOTES BY 22       ♦
♦ ' *   -♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦-♦♦♦♦
*, * '   ,
The Bon Ton Ice Cream Parlors
caters for your trade: Supplies ice
cream, soft drinks of all flavors and
fruits.   Mrs. S. Ingram, proprietress.
3-3 m
The first meeting of the Friendly
order of Eagles" (F. O.' E.) was held
in their new hall last Saturday, but
the formal "opening has been postponed on account' of the non-arrival
of the furnishing, but due notice will
be given when the date for, this is
definitely fixed. This , organization
has the unique distinctibirToJ;, being
housed in the,; flrst brick building in
to-vn. It is especially adapted for
lodge purposes containing all the
necessary, ante-rooms besides being
capable of conveniently accommodating -100 couples who like to: trip
the light fantastic., H. Gates is.the
secretary, and „-he, and the committee are to, be, congratulated "upon the
excellent mariner, in which they have
discharged their"' duties. After the
work of the lodge liad been concluded
a-^social—time—was—indulged—!n--»that
was greatly enjoyed' by all participants. Messrs. Brynn,. Lychen 'and
others regaled the audiSnce with song
and story. ■ ■■  .
- The provincial-grand lodge of the
I. O.'O. F. was -recently0held at Calgary, and our local' lodge, No. 36, was
represented by- T. 'Haines," P. N.\ G;
There were ■ 58 lodges represented.
The,mayor, R. R. Jamison, in delivering the'- address '.of. welcbhi'e'*stating
that ho appreciated, their presence .in
the'''city of-ah organization that" stood
for such high and noble ideals as does
the followers of the. three links and
also called attention: to' -the - many
benoflts' they did without any thought
of remuneration • except that of duty
woll . done. The Robekahs,' with 11
lodges represented, camo in for a
meed of praise. Mrs. Charlos Dunlop of Coloman No. 7 was "tho delegate
from hore. Tho date of meeting has
been changed, from the second Tuesday in August to the second Tuesday in February" and the placo for
the, next,gathering,,Is Edmonton. One
of tho most gratifying fonturos of tho
roport was that slnco tho last session
thoro had boon 14* now lodges Btartod'
and tho enthusiasm of all concorned
was stirrod and expressions of a determination by mnny that this would
bo oxcooded whon tho next gathorlng
convonod.
Wo nro glad to Inform our renders
that Coloman hns a placo In tho
grnn,d lodgo of Robelcahs, Mrs.
Charlos Dunlop occupying,tho vory Important position of Grand Warden,
whilo Thomas Haines Is tho District
Deputy Grand of tho grand lodge,
I. O.O. F.
Tho Ico oroam social hold on tho
lawn of Mrs, Oulmotto In tbo Intorost
of thb Institutional Church, was
patronized by a steady stream, of cal-
lors and tho quantity suppliod of tho
molting dlot, although vory largo, was
Inadoquato to moot tho domnnd consequently It may bo roadlly Inforrod
thnt It waB a huge, success.
Tho roturn football match botwoon
nollovuo and Colomnn will bo played
on Saturday, tho 20th, and It Is to bo
hopod and moreover Ib absolutely nee-
onsary that some glngor will bo
noodod to bo displayed In order to
hold tho Mutz cup for anothor son-
hod. Buck up boyn nnd lot ub not,
Ioho tiiiH vtiluublo trophy.
It Ih pleasing to noto that tho
longuo commlttoo havo awakonnd to n
hoiibo of tho Importance of looking
nftor tho doings of somo of tho
various clubs and In thoir offorts lo
r-dvnnco tho bos*. Intorosts of tho
gnmo (rust that tbo Imposition of
linos and penalties will nol stop thoro
lint (t'irtC njufofcwiinju-. vt ii. bd Jimi-tlai
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
By Fred Roo.
Take ye heed. Watch and pray, for
ye know not when the' bye election
will be called. J
Afler a pleasant visit camping out
D. A. Smith and party have returned
to,Medicine Hat.
A good up-to-date livery stable
would do a good, business in Elko.
Thero is that In Elko which' will
tickle the most jaded palate and interest the most blase globe trotter
who ever stepped off a boat.
Mrs. Fred Roo,and two sons, Patsy
and Mike) were Fernie visitors this
week, returning to Roosvllle , Friday
via the, stage route. .
Winnipeg papers this week record
the death of dne of her respected
citizens ;,who fell dead while beating
a carpet.. We would like to ask how
much longer in the name Elijah's
grandmother is this tyranny going to
last. ' ' ,'
Leslie Mills, four cayuses, two suitcases and, 40 pounds of trout arrived
In Elko" from the South Fork Sunday
and left on 214 for Fernie. nTbe
cayuses taking the side walk.
Elko is becoming-a mecca for new
married couples. A young couple arrived last week from rural Sasketche-
wan and * it was the first time, the
young lady had been in a hotel and
hubby told her she was to order just
what she fancied so' she called .for
hamburger steak, self-raising' buckwheat cakes and snowflake ice cream.
The government agent and . road
boss was visiting Tobacco Plains this
week. '-'.,,'
Practice makes perfect and It usually makes the neighbors want to smash
the gosh durned piano.
The next issue of.this great family
paper will see us back into, politics.
We have lead pipe cinches on every
statement we are going to make and
.when the game' is off .we'll be there
with a stack of blues to the good.
Mr. Heath of Lethbridge is visiting
the Lockwoods, Riverside park."'   '.•'
The merchants in Elko are _ busy
as bird dogs. Business is ripping and
everybody, happy.—■-.-    -
The Elko board of trade is trying to
find out how Mrs. Murphy's dress got
TERRITORIALS MUTINY.
Fifty    -Men    Are    Arrested    During
., ■''    "Manoeuvres. ■
An unfortunate Incident in" connection with the training of the Yorkshire Territorials in the Isle bf Man
has resulted in 50 men, who, it is
alleged," were guilty of insubordination,- being placed under guard. The
climax of the manoeuvres, which so
far had been greatly marred by rain,
should have been reached with the
carrying out of operations on an f.x-
tensivo scale. Unfortunately, when
the time for leaving the, camp at
Ramsey arrived, tho rain was pouring down in torrents, and tliere was
murmuring among a section of the
men.
In the.hope that«by the time the
scene of action was reached the downpour would have ceased, the various
regiments set out from camp, but
when they arrived on the mountain
road, after a long; march in the pitiless rain, the storm showed no signs
of abatement. The' men's clothing
was soaked, and many of them seemed ■ almost exhausted. It, was then
that the trouble, the flrst signs of
which were noticed in camp, assumed
serious proportions.
Fifty men of the Eighth Leeds
regiment are reported to have refused
to proceed any further. An, escort
drawn from the Bradfords was called
up, .and the men were marched back
to camp, where they were -lodged
temporarily in „a marquee, under
guard. Three of them, it is* said,
became so unruly that they wsrei removed to the guard tent. A number
of the privates in the Seventh Leeds
regiment also .protested against having to turn out in such weather. As
there was no improvement in the
weather, it was deemed advisable to
abandon the manoeuvres. '
In an interview, Major Hepworth;
commanding the Eighth Leeds, said
the men marched 23 miles on Wednesday to capture a convoy, and, coming
back, tired and footsore on Thursday in the heavy rain, a number of
the men said their feet were sore and
they could not go further., Then.then
fell out without permission. They
were, marched to camp under, escort,
and put under guard. * -The <■ major
added.-thnt-tlie""m"en would, be confined to camp for. the .remainder of.
the week.    *. ■-.*.•'
You are now going through this world for the last time:
Why Not
live o nthe best and nothing but the best, and go to
The 41  Market Co.
for your requirements in Meats. Fresh Killed and,,Government In-
spected; Fish, Butter, Eggs, Ham. Bacon, Etc. ,
S. Graham, Local Manager
I
THE     HAYING    SEASON    IS     HERE
Our stock of haying tools is complete. Forks, lluiiil Rakes,
Scythes and Snaths, Grind Stones' Whet St'ones, Wrenches,
Machine Oil and Oilers, Deering Mowers and Horse Rakes.
Mail or phone orders receive careful attention.
J. M. AGNEW & Co.
ELKO,   B. C.
6
I
1
Electrically "Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
n\
R. FAIRCLOUGH, Proprietor
» -       Ir      ***-
COAL CREEK, B, C.
,m*. ...    '*,   -v    '    **-  •t*k"""r('   *-i.f-**-t*_-» -e*mnm^- #»#      ■•^irVT'1'  *    -T   1   "'■?**/'*' + "*    '      ***'*■'
i ■ i. i-i   i-   ■ ■   ti m ■■ 11 m ii ii i\*\ ^ ti ''J&jjj-*1 frj fttOtj" ? 1> -ft'" * -111* 'J ■■'■_. ■"   ■ ■ *'■>■ ^ ' W' ■<»■'
*%»_•%»»    *»  T*   *    ' « *« if »» —    ' *+"■*+***■**        m,+ ++,*n +*&§  -.»****~mi**m'   —a- **-* »
" -^(t   ' *■♦•
upon no that tho clubs will renllco
thnt rules nrn mndo "to bo lived up
to nnd this will do moro to got public support as well ns brings tho clubs
luin It-no thnn in dr«*nrnt of.
William Luychon whilo at work
placing a post undor a* bad roof had
hi* thumb nnd flngor so bndly crushed by a falling ploco. of coal that It
waa'found nocessary. to amputate, tho
ond of tbo thumb. Wo loam ilpon
maklnic enquiries that he li gelling
along nicely. ._■
' Fred Cox Is back Irfour mld-tt'tj'-om
Wiles, but lo the surprlM of many, ho
failed to bring back a lifo parfner
Ak**wt» confidfrhtl-f expected.     9
DRATH8. Spry—nichary TirMoy,
young-sat ton of Mr. and Mr*,~EH
Spry, arc-d t noalbt," The fath-ftg of
th# docr-uid child left recently f for
Eniland. ,-J ,,
MIHay—Arthur, - bitor 'boy of _Mr.
and    Mra.   Edwin    MHIoy,   a«$ %
tfcwjfc.7--; .7 _*."■:-i^2aEJ
CaUgu L—in_i.ne'-wringer. -       =— -     ~-^
tr. McDonald and. family' of Fernie
was visiting the BIrnies Sunday.
A large number of Elko residents
visited Fernie this .week: Mrs. A.
Birnie,, Mrs.' N. 'Wilson,' M. A. J.
Carter, Mrs,'-1-McLean; Mrs.,'Glen
Campbell, Miss tnez\ Holbrook,'. Miss
Irene* McKee, J.*M. 'A'gnew, A. E.
Ingham, H. Oldlands, Georgo Millets,
and .Assistant Agent Clark.
'*'-'•-. F.-'Spa'uldlng^-bne ol- the' best
flshecmen'in the Pass, spent the week
end'at'EIko." It Is seldom Mr. Spauld-
Ing returns to Fernie with-less''than
a century of fish nnd fish' stories
seem to flow from him like a full
river, from Its eternal source. May
his flask/never', be ;ompty nor I loso
his friendship...   •.£.   ■';•
Jim Thistleboak, tho South Fork
philosopher, who can yell louder,
swear harder and stand up undor
more whisky than any man wo.ovor
met on the range or In those hills, Is
on anothor big jamboroo.
' Miss Lillian Smith, B. A., who will
bo tho principal , of Elko's rural
tcmplo of learning, arrived from tho
east this*wook. ■■'■■■ : . • ■
. Mark Sampson, tho famous tenor,
spont sovoral days in Elko with
friends,' Mr. Sampson will In, the
nonr futuro leavo for San FranciBco
to, fill nn ongngomont with a crack
opora troupe, ,       '
Wo boost, smllo, hustle and "don't
worry.,
Mrs, C, Sinclair anil son of Roosvllle visited Fornio this week,
-"netting a dollar against a doughnut
is not tho odds It used to bo when
flour and lard and othor things woro
so much ehoapor.
Mr, and Mrs. Ooorgo Cook who havo
boon spondlng tbo Bummor horo loft
for their homo Ih Portago la Pralrlo,
Man.
Trado with your homo merchants
nnd help build up your homo community, Spend your wcok onds at
Elko, tho hoalth hunter's paradlso.
MIhh Rosoy Rosolonf cnmo In from
tho big rod npplo country looking ns
cuto ub tho jolcor In a double aco
flush nftor tho draw,
Tlio coppnp milieu nonr Hoosvlllo
havo boon bought by a Dutto syndlcato, and Just aH Riirn as flod mndo
tho busy littlo boo to orlso nud hump
It Roll* nnch shining hour will wn bo
mentioning copper fn our futuro not oh
wliotlinr tbo coul barons llko It or not.
Four Hlty, Tliumlor nnd WIiIhIIo
llko tho wind was up to Fernio this
woolc from Tobnrro Plains, Thoy
wanted uh lo ncrompnny thom but wo
woro too busy chasing nftor and
closlnir In on tlio Ioiik Kroon.
Head noxt wook's Klko iiot-r-s,
'i'liuro'li hu noiliuiK uoout tho tioutit
Soa ihIhhIoii, but ovory thing about
Elko and tho Pasd.
.Too Austin, gonornl pnimengor agont
of tho C. P. It. was up to Fernio
Tur-Ailny nlebt tn not. tho nnimni wo
made our fnmous   nnd   moro   than
famous rldo upon.
W. R. Uosh, M, P. P.. wnn down
lo Krag \\ odnosdny nnd look tho
trnln from Klko wost.
Chi-irllo Kllnlgnnflmlth, tho genial
host of thn Klko Hotel, ono of tho
most docllo mon on tho Crow, turned
hi* wolf loose Wednesday nicht and
mado a 220-pound lobster look homelier
than a moulting pullet and chilly as
the top section of an Ico chest, then
went to Wednesday night prayer mooting. •'  *"
Tbo Elk rlter grado.U In * fltrc*
ninto and thn road between .cutaway
and Jlooavlllo Is worse than a missing
flr# fscap***, but tho tettUra mlaht
juit aa welt whiitln Jlm for a mile-
bo*rd aa a*k tot anything down ther*.
For Your
Butter and Eggs
write to
A. URQUHART & CO., Ltd.
Lacombe, Alta.
SB
Study Suddaby's Summer   Sale
A   Midsummer   Offering
■■ . - » - v '      fl *
of Real I nterest to You
We need the space You
need the goods. Grasp
the   Opportunity Now.
A few ofthe lines offered at the Red Tag Sale:
Anglers' Equipments,
Baseball Supplies,
e*
Qnmmor   l\Tmm1c_  *_nr1
thm* U-A«**iVA _■ V  *W   W   \m**%.*>**•     t*0*tAJ.%Ja.
"Comfy" Hammocks
at Pleasure and Profit Producing Prices
Suddaby's Drug & Book Store "s?CJAa.n»..,« ..ii.. >.m
SKSBgiOWalSaSS^
V^-' -7" . ***.
*-*!*'* *-i'  ,'.'■*. . '
1 -,- ;.*-..'.• 7"". *\
rxw
,'il
l"
.1
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGES; FEBNIE, B. P., AUGUST 20, 1910.
Mining and Coal
Mining.   <ff
Lack of Relation Between Clay Analyses and Practical
Tests—Clays of Pennsylvania.    "Underclays", of Interest.
By  Richard  R. Rice, Beaver, Pa.
Old  as  the  clay  industry  is,   and
much as has been written regarding
it,  the ceramist of today freely  admits   he   knows  but  little   about  it.
Whero other industries have advanced
the clay worker has made but little
progress,   due  largely    to-   want  of
, organization  among  the  manufactur-
.crs, coupled with the jealousies always
present when working by" the  "rule
of thumb," and not controlled by  a
knowledge obtained through technical
investigations.
Rics, in his monograph on the
"Clays of the Unitod States East of
tho Mississippi River,' has given us
a very practical definition of clay,
and one broad enough to Include all
materials that are not in all cases
technically clays, but which can be
used by the ceramist. He says: "The
term clay is applied to a natural substance or rock, which, when finely
ground and mixed with water forms
- a pasty, moldable mass that preserves
its shape when air dried, and when
burned changes to a hard,-rock-like
substances by the coalescence of its
particles, thrpugh softening under the
action , of heat" There is nothing
technical in this statement, but it is
thoroughly a practical definition.
For many years the only knowledge we professed to have of clay was
chemical, and. wo have been flooded
with the results of ultimate analyses
-*—confronted all the while with the
fact that clays with the same ingredients,' in essentially the same
quantities, did not act alike when
used in practical work. The geological
reports of the past have been filled
with analytical tables, the value of
which is 'practically nothing? as ,we
cannot tell from them how any one
of the clays will behave, either in
molding, in drying,' or in burning.
Clay is never a simple chemical
unity; but always a mechanical mixture of a number of distinct compounds. The recognization of this
fact explains why a chemical analysis
fails to give us any real knowledge
"of clay. , -     ■ .,        - *    ■
.The present study of clay gives but
"little attention, therefore, to the chemistry of raw  materials/but mosc of
the present  work  is  in-the line  of
practical applications only.   What is
needed in the way of real technical
work   on   clays,   . lies    in    devising
methods ,by which we can distinguish
■ the various minerals present in "the
—ciayrancrtnenrlearning _h"e_charact"er
and  behavior  of oach,  we  can   tell
regarding any new combination  pre-
' sented to us.   As an example of the
, want of,valuo of a chemical analysis
as generally made, let me simply mention that marcaslte and pyrite, min-
-. orals  of. Identical  chemical  composition, do hot act the same when compounded in a ciay body.
When I began to look, up what has
been written regarding the clays of
Central Pennsylvania I turned1 .first
to tho reports of the Second Geological Survey, nnd then to the scattered
references ih tho publications of tlie
United States Geological Survey, and'
I. wns disappointed in both. Thc
references to clays In theso reports
nre fow, and of little value. This
is due-in part, at loast, to tho fact
tlio clays had boon but little worked
at tho tlmo of tlio Second Geological
Survoy, nnd tho reforonces thero mado
are mninly In tho way of chemical
analyses, and thero have boon but
fow geologists who hnvo-realized the
grout vnluo of clays nnd the clay
industry. Without going Into figures,
let mo recall tho fact that Pennsylvania ranks socond as a clay producing state, nnd If wo eliminate
.'pottery, It ranks first, and more
especially does It stand forth as a
producer of refractories, of which it
Jh also tho largest consumer.
Thoro nro ut lonst flvo easily distinguished kinds of , clays ' In this.
j-oglon. On tho surfaco wo liavo Homo
clays duo to tho direct decay of thn
underlying rocks, nnd along tho
Hlronms thoro nro somo doposits of
Bodimontnry clays, gonorally In Bninll
quantities, Thoso two >clnsscB of
clays do not In to mm* ns at this time.
Thon thoro uro tho largo doposits of
HhnlOH found throughout tho coal
moiiBiiros, days of varying composition, and gonorally of littlo value.
Thoy, also, hardly como within tho
bounds of tho prosont subject. Thoro
romnlns tho "flint" ' clnyH and the
plastic "undorclays" of tho conl measures, which I tnko It aro thn only
oiiob of dlroct Intorost to tho conl
minor,
Tho "flint" clays nro largely found
In tho Mnrror group nnd In tlio .Mahoning Hitndslono, Thoso horizons
nro without tho limits of tho workable con In, iiiiIohr locnlly, nnd nm
not thoroforo of direct Interr-st to
Ilie conl minor, except ns tho
there  is no  value in s an    ultimate
chemical analysis. ,      ,    o'
While the Mercer, group and . the
Mahoning are the main horizons for
the, flint clays, yet we have other
valuable' deposits of these minerals
constituting at times' portions of the
underclays of the "Allegheny River
series." The deposits of these horizons
are for the most part,, however, irregular, and of relatively little value.
An exception to this ---general statement is to be made, however, in reference to the "Boliver" clay." There
has been some confusion regarding
this clay. Frequently it has been
confounded with the Upper Freeport
clay, and so called in geological reports. It belongs, properly below the
horizon of the Upper Freeport limestone, and has often been spoken of
as t replacing the limestone, and occupying its place in the column.
Whether, or not, this is correct, I do
not think has been definitely settled.
The limestone seems to be absent
without the clay being present, and is
so irregular at all times that such a
statement can only be based on a
very extended series of observations
over the whole region covered by the
Freeport series.
While the flint clays are so valuable
in the production of refractories, yet
to the coal miner they are not of
such direct value as the plastic clays
underlying tho various workable coal
beds, and in this section these are
mainly confined, to the Allegheny
River, series.
There is ono coal horizon between
the top of the Homewood sandstone,
and the base of the Mahoning that
does not have underlying it a clay
bed. Often these are not' of workable dimensions; often they are so impure as to ,be of no value. Their
character is in no way related to
that of the overlying coal, nor does
the character change in any way with
a change in tlie character of the
coal, or vice versa. The coal may be
utterly worthless, yet the clay may
be among' the- best of the plastic
clays,, of the series, and on the other
hand, we often find a good coal, of
a good thickness, and-the - underplay
without value, or practically wanting.
A clay will often change in a' short
distance not only in thickness, but
in quality and,', characteristics'' as ..well,
so the fact that a clay is of good
value at any point does not mean It
will be of - equal value even one-
fourth of a mile distant.   .While this
is undoubtedly the rule, yet in the
case of some clays tliey seem of a
uniformly valuable character-1 over
quite large areas; the best known bf
these valuable district in Pennsylvania probably, being the Beaver
River section, where the lower'Kit-
tanning clay is uniformly developed
over a large area, and while not uniform in character, yet possesses good
workable qualities wherever it has
been opened. Throughout that district
the overlying coal is of little value,
as is generally the case with all other
clay horizons.
The question  of    the    underclays
presents'itself to tho coal minor in a
number ,of different ways,   Thore is
necessarily, in many* cases, a portion
tion of    tho    underclay removed to
facilitate mining.   .Generally this  is
mixed with tho other refuse from tho
mine  so  that it  is  of no" practical
valuo.    To use' this portion of clay
it is necessary that it bo kopt by
Itself,   and   not   contamlnntod with
other waste  materials,  or    by    tho
waters from tho mlno.   The amount of
clay thus necessarily ^akon from tho
mlno is gonorally smnll, ancl is not
of sufficient nmount to'supply a modorn clay working establishment of It-
solf.   Thoro aro cases whore the clay
thus mined, bolng of a high flro-ro-
slstlng quality, ond  plastic as woll,
can be used ns a "blndor" ln working somo of tho clays dorlvod from
tho  flint horizons,  or  it  might- bo
mixed with shnlos and thus usod in
making somo of tho lowor grades of
brick.    To  do  this,  howovor,  thoro
must bo a propov relation of murkot
to th'o location of tho plant, for Uioho
lowor grades of brick will not permit
of .shipment to any groat distance,
onpoclnlly undor tlio prosont. frolglit
classification of brick, by which thoy
tnke a higher freight rato than grain
products or other articles of many
times tho valuo of olny goods, lon for
ton, . Of course It mny bo fooslblo In
somo cttBOH to mlno other clay from
tho mlno nftor tlio coal hns boon ro-
movod, but  thiB mennB  tho  rooms
must bo kopt froo of all slato and
other wasto mntorlals, and tho wntor
not allowed to nccumtilnto until aflor
tho clay has boon romovod, ami It
may bo --uostlonublo whothor It will
not ho choapor ln all cases to mlno
tlio day for Itself from nn Indopond-
I ont oponlng, onpoclnlly, If by no doing
clays | a bettor clay cnn bo had from n dlf-
make up a small kiln of ware is desirable. At times series of preliminary trials will be necessary, to
obtain indications or the methods of
manufacture to be' followed in the
real testing.
We recently had such a case in our
own experience. We had received
a car of clay from Montana for trial;
in this case, however, there were four
different clays in the car, and we
knew nothing of the conditions under
which they were found, or how the
samples were procured, and wo had
no experience with clays from that
region. There was not sufficient of
any one kind to permit any waste
o. material, so we made up a lot of
small < trial pieces by hand, carefully
noting,the behavior of'the clay in
molding, and In drying, and then by.
placing these samples in- different
parts of the kiln, we obtained some
knowledge in burning, comparing the
trials at all stages with materials of
our own which we were using every
day; and having run through a lot of
these trials we were then in position
to begin the real testing of the clays.
It is generally thought considerable
knowledge can be had of a clay by
mere inspection. Such is not the case.
Where one is familiar with clays
closely associated with one under investigation, and knows regarding the
surroundings from which'it has come,
experience will suggest the line of
trials to be pursued, but the first
actual trials may show such deductions entirely wrong. A light-colored
clay may in use burn a very light
color, or it may burn dark, while on
the other hand a dark "colored clay
may burn, white, the coloring matter
being entirely organic^and driven off
by the heat of burning.     ,
In procuring a trial sample of clay
great care should be taken to secure
a true average sample. A- sample
from the "crop" is worthless.
It is weathered. to" such an extent
that nothing can be told of the deeper lying portions of the bed. Many
of the impurities have been dissolved and wadhed away. .The effect
of weathering has been to make the
clay more plastic, and render it more
difficult to,;dry. The particles have
boen .broken _ui- si^that a smoother
denser article" is produced. Excessive
weathering in one way is an approximation to "washing" and hence the
crop may indicate a use.that will be
found impossible when once' under
Kood_co_y_er. _and_awav_ Jcor__t_e_sur_
face.. For example, the, crop often.indicates a clay can be used for pottery of some    sort,    the    excessive
business can•_"■**. carried on at a-profit.
.Clay machinery men .are" constantly
hunting up new possibilities' Ih the
matter of* locations, and it Is not an
uncommon thing-tb hear,that.a brick'
plant can: be.^erected at7the cost (of
"a dollar pe__i.rlck of daily capacity.
Such a'factory;.wlll'not prove profitable, The day of temporary structures is past.. Heavy permanent.bulld-
ings, permanent kilns, , thoroughly
drained and paved .yards are a., necessity today, and there is no" doubt
it will be but* a short time until any
up-to-date brick plant will be operated
entirely by electricity. There* are too
many advantages in this kind of
power not tb-iuse it. The tendency
is constantly toward larger plants,
and„ plants that will In. all cases be
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
, l. .,,;
Lizard Local- General Teamsters No.
■; 141. "- Meets every-Friday night at
78 p,m.,Miners.union hall. "A. ,L.
7/Boles; President; William Long, Re-
.'cording Secretary. .-*.,.
Bartenders' Local,No. 514: Meets 2nd
-and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m.,Secre-
, tary, J. A. Goupill, Waldorf Hotel. '
,'V ■*
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M."W. A."
Meetsl!2nd and 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.    D. Rees, Se.i7
operated throughout the entire year.
As yet there,rhas " been    but   little
organization among any of the brick
people, aside' from some of the firebrick makers, but it will be only a
short time before the makers of other
classes of brick must get together. As
it is today, it is a time of ruinous
competition, without any necessity of
such being ,the case, and many plants
have gone' out.of business,  with a
great loss of, money.    Many plants
are today merely existing, being carried  on  in   the  hope  of  something
"turning up" that will allow them to
make a profit,, while there are some,
that owing to location, to the character of the goods they make, to the
fact that they make some kind bf
special, line, have been and are making fair profits.    In the absence'of
organization tlie matter    of    freight
rates Is much against* the clay manufacturer,    -There   are  gross  inequalities here .that only can be remedied
by organization.   - No, logical  reason
can be assigned for the present rates;
they are either*entirely too high, or
thero are other classes of goods that
are being carried  at a loss  to  the
railroads of the country.   These are
some of the factors that must ,be considered.   Like any other business the
clay industries have many sides, all
of which need to be studied, ani it is
not only the possibilities from a mere
manufacturing point of view that need
consideration, but as in , all    other
ventures it is the view from the-business side that must in all cases determine the real possibilities of any
clay working.—Mines and Minerals.
Amalgamated Society of,7 Carpenters
and Joiners: Meets In the Miners'
Union Hall. 7 A. Ward, Secretary.
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D. O. 8.
-  .   .""---■       DENTIST.    '■'-•'7; ..,.__
■ * *'   -. *.     ,'  - '.'" -." .
-".'..•--'-  -u, '" *   *■    -    "**. ^,    *
.   Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block..
Hours M2; 1-6; ; . '-"7      7 .Phono 72
rernle
B. C.
DR.-J.. BARBER, DENTIST,y
Office Henderson Block,* Fernie B.C.
'"..Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5f6 to,8.*
Residence 21 Viotoria,Ave..   •
Typographical Union No. 555."    Meets
last Saturday in each month at the
, Ledger Office.   ', A. J, Buckley, Secretary.
Local Fernie No. 17 S. P. of C. Meets
ln Miners Union Hall every, Sunday
. at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary.'P.O. 307.
W. R. Ross K. C.        7       W. S. Lane
,     ROSS &. LANE
Barristers and Solicitors,;  .
Fernie, B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
EDMBEElCOg
A. McDougall, Mgr <: >•;;■-
tmmK^^mBmmm^^ma^^^^B*Bammaai^aaan^aBHmamame ^
■   *        , -o   -     '% " *» t    J   - -*- .      :■, ; '   -A
n ^ - *. i ••■
Manufacturers bf and Deal; - ■
■ ,'        ■' "••'"- -'-'.'i' .*'- V.
_  ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Cox Stroet
Fernie B. C.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D. J. Evans,
President; F. H. Shaw, Secretary. -
25th day of June, 1910.       7
MINN JOSS, Locator.
'    ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Anderson, Witness.
A RARE OPPORTUNITY
GOOD READING AT SMALL COST-
ADVANTAGEOUS CLUB-
. .BING RATES .   .
Every,man.connected with mining,
whether he is a laborer, superintendent, manager, mining engineer or owner,' is interested'in securing ideas that
will save*him time and make more
money for him .- 7   . - *
^An organization has been built up
run bo mined and usod with other mn-i foront horizon
torlnlH    In    tlio    productloh of high J    This brings up whnt noumn to mo
grades    of    rofractorlos.    Tho claym tho  ronl  quoHtlon for n  conl minor
from I Iioho horizons differ nomowlint.
In tliolr chnrncter, nnd It hns boi-n
'»l,fM.,.l,l It    t    . *|t«      •        -        , ' '■      ' '
an y.otwmX, trl**-* Mio proportinrm of
Hlllca nnd nlumnln prosont will Indl-
cato from whlrh horizon a clny In
derived. ThlR, howcter, cannot iu
yot bo nt nt I'd as nu established fnct,
although  n study of tho ill/foroncoH
...    ,,..*>.    •.M.,v..v.\ji.n    _,.    \\,\-    lU-triJAlltOtl
may show such goneral dlfforenco In
composition not ImpOHHlbln.
Wlillo all tho flint clays do not
mako equally good rofra-ctorlos, yrt
thoro soorns no such dlfforenco In
prnctlco j-is Is Indicated by thoir
rhf-ml*"al analyiiea. Among the pub-
llsbod Analyses of clays from thin
tf-nnnrfll rc-/jlon 1 nolo that tho por
ceningf-s of silica rango from iO.'S
iip to 64.83, or higher, and tlin
Sjumnla runs from Stl.Qi down to
23.05. It ia, of course, no wonder
'that whon wo find a rango of ov-nr
one-half tn tho proportion*, of theso
'.two baste luiuedlauta of clayi* u»ud
.for the aame purposes, we conclude
io consider In roforonco to clay work
Ing, and thn|, Is whothor or not ho
. on .i.iiiu a u,i> inr iibuii, at or noar
Dw pliH*f* wherr- ho lulma hia vou],
und produce tborofrom n products thnt
will bo profltnblo In Itsolf, nnd not
a iw-ro "linngor on" to his coal busl-
IIOHH,
ThlH, ot" course, Is a complicated
Hii.'Hium. Ttie grade or quality of tho
•'lny Is tho first, question that prosontn
UHfilf, Ah thoro nro a numbor of
rlny horizons, innd tho chnrnclor of
.'iu.li clny Is constantly changing an
rbnva mentioned, tho question In tlio
pro-sont state of our technical know!-
rda*. or rathi-r want of knowledge,
resolves Itself into ono of a practical
na'urc, undue uvury-duy condition* of
mnnufarjturo. A (ost of thla character
I* -not alwaya oaay to accompllah, but
it lh tho only real method of trying
n clay, arid no small laboratory or
semi-laboratory teat, will prove aatla-
factor)'. Tbrro mint alwaya be auf
fitU-nt cU> Utnled u> give rnal factory
«omnifont, and tufflclent material to
weathering, together with" the accompanying washing away of impurities,
permitting of Its being readily-molded
yet, when followed into the bank, it
is found there is but a relatively small
portion of the clay that Is washable,
and the impurities are such that ware
of an entirely different character is
produced, with a great loss in breakage, and, often such a high fire is
required that pottery cannot be made
at a profit, the vitrifying point being
the point of destruction, or nearly so,
At least one clay .In this Central
Pennsylvania region that has been
used for pottery purposes has this
character, resulting in such a loss
in burning as to really destroy its
usefulness for-the purpose used.
It Js , probable that most of thc
uses for tho underclays of. Central
Pennsylvania will bo for sower pipe,
for stroot-pavlng brick, for building
brick of various colors, or articles of
such nature,' For thoso purposes
clays need not bo of vory groat fire-
resisting quality, for these 'goods are
gonorally burned at a relatively low
heal, .nost of thom bolng burned, nt
or below cono No. 8. This Ib the bout
generally usod In pottory work in this
country, and whoro a lowor heat can
bo used ,nnd good, donso ware pro-
ducod, ,lt is bottor, nnd tho fuel cost
Is just that, much* loss. Clays ■ for
tho purposo Indicated can hnvo a large
porcontngo of Impurities present, for
tho mnltor of color, oxcopt In tho caso
of faco brick, Is not Important, Indeed thoro seoms to boa-sonernl
preforonco In tho markets for tho
dnrkor shades of thoso goods, whloh
nro generally supposed to Indlcato a
high dogreo of vitrification—not, how.
ovor, nocossarlly ao. In tho mattor
of faco brick, undoubtedly, tho Idijul
clay Is ono thnt will burn a whito
color, or nt moBt a vory light buff, In
which caso tho color doslrod can ho
readily produced by tho Introduction
of tbo liecossary metallic oxides.
Whoro theso aro In tho clay In Its
natural stato tlioy Invariably vary In
nmount, and tho coloring valuo bolng
high, thoro Is a corresponding vnrla-
Hon In tho color of tho finished
goods. Most of tho olnnsnn of go-ids
montlonnd nlso roqulro a clay thnt
will "flnnl!," that In, undor tho action
of tho kiln gnsos, ns thoso nocoHsarlly
vory from tlmo to tlmo during tho
burning, there Is produced on tho
surfaco of tho wnro a species of glns-n,
which wo know na "flnahlng" the
wnro.
'inIs is of all kinds or colors nnd
hhailc't, (i'*ti,t au iusiK.rctipt-'ota gioss,
through a long Uno of yellows and
browns, to n shndo that Is almost
black. For the manufncttiro of aowor
plpo, or snlt-glaiod brick, auch a clny
is almost n nrrwifiltv tn nrortufo Unit
good, solid slato, ot tho dark color
ao much desired, and which la auch
an essential In good aowor plpo. Thnt
moat of tbo underclaya of this roRlon
nro of the grade or quality, nnd pen-
Hossod of tho rcqulromonta lo produce
tho goods of tbe classes Indicated, lm
undoubtedly tho caso; and thla bolng
ao, the quoatlon Is whether thoy ran
bo profitably worked under all tho
existing conditions. This Is a quostion that can only be determined for
oach particular case Itself. The char
actor of the clay will delermlno tli.
possible ut**, ami then tbe quM<!on
of coat or production, of coat of m.i.
Vetlng, and prices In tho available
marketa, wlir determine whether the
at a big expenditure that is scouring
the mining world-for money making,
money saving ideas.
The* problems that'.one man has
failed to solve another man somewhere
has solved, and it is the work of this"
organization to search out mining problems and their solutions, to classify,
arrange and simplify them.
Think what .this means—lt means
that now it is possible for any man
to secure the ideas, the schemes, the
very working plans that are building
mining successes everywhere.
Mines and Miners is so well known
to overy manager, superintendent and
conl mining official that lt is not necessary to make any explanation of-its
merit for thoir benefit. There are
mnny, however, who are nowcomors
in> the country and ns thoy very probably would llko to got Ideas regarding
matters dealing with tho mining industry, we can say without fear of
contradiction that this publication is
tho vory best of its kind. „
Wo havo made arrangomonts with
the publishers of this monthly to make
some exceptionally advantageous club-
blng offers:
Mines and Minerals one* year..,.$2.50
The District Lodger one yoar.... 1,00
Examination Questions for Certificates of Compotonoy in Mining..3.B0
, Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date I, Herbert Joss, Intend
to apply to the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, for. a
license to prospect for coal and petroleum on the following described
lands:" Commencing at a post planted
eighty chains North and eighty chains
East of • the northwest, corner of the
Minn Joss.claim, thence North eighty
"chains, thence West eighty chains,
thence South eighty chains, thence
East eighty chains to place of commencement, containing G40 acres more
or less. Located this 25th day of
June, '1910.-
HERBERT JOSS; Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Anderson, Witness.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FI8HER
ATTORNEYS
. Fernie, B. C.
W. A. CONNELL
Pioneer Builder iand Contractor of
Fernie
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
Send us your orders
Notice Is-hereby given that thirty
days after date I, Ellen Haley, intend
to apply to the Hon. Chief Commissioner of. Lands and Works' for a
license to prospect for coal and petroleum"- on the following described
lands: .Commencing at a post planted
at *he-southeast corner of the Herb
Joss '■>, elaim,.. thence eighty chains
West, thence eighty chains " South,
thence eighty chains East, thence
eighty chains North to place of com__
me'ncement, "containing "640 acres more
or less. Located this 25th day of
June, 1910.      *   7
"•    ELLEN HALEY, Locator.'
.,      ' 'ANDY GOOD, Agent.     .
John Anderson, -Witness. -
Queen's Hotel
RESTAURANT
. Under New Management
Excellent   Table and
all white help
' Additional Table for ^
' '        28 More Men
$7.00
Combination prioo $B.B0.
Mlnos and MinoralB, for ono yoar
12 big 132 pago issues, nnd  Tho
District Lodger for ono year, B2
Issues, rogulnr   prlco   for both,
$3,50,  for, $3,00
Minoo and Minerals, ono yoar....$2,50
Tho District Lodgor ono yoar,.,. 1.00
Conl und Metal Minors Pockot
1)0 Old HllllMIMlMI    * f    |«    >**•    3.00
tO.BO
APPLICATION FOR A LICENSE
UNDER THE COAL
MINES'AGT
Notice Ih horoby glvon Hint 30 Aay*
aftor dato, I, John Pigeon, Intond lo
apply to tho lion. Chlof Commissioner
or Lnnds and Works for a llconso to
prospoct for coal and potroloum on
tho following described lands: Com*
»"**"nolr.5 r.>. a peat r-lanicd IUU *,::,i.i,
nnd fifty chnlnn flouth, nnd Enat nun
milo from tbe H. 10. cornor of lot H'tttf,
bolng thirty chains North of (ho Eva
Jons, 8. 10. cornor poBt, thonco olghty
chnlns East, thonco olghty ehalna
South, thonco olghty chains West,
thonco eighty chains North to place
■ui luimiitiitictsuibnl corn hi ning liU) acres
moro or less, locatod thli 25th dny of
Juno, 1010.
JOHN PIOKON, Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agont,
John Anderson, Witnoss.
Notice Ik l-onnby nlvon that I, Minn
Jorr, thirty dayg afler dato Intend to
apply to tho Hon. Ohl«f Commlaofonor
or LnndB and Works for n license fo
proxpect for coal and potroloum on tho
fallowing doscrlbod lands: Comtnwv
clng at a pout planted nt tho north-
wMt cornor of (bo John Pluoon claim,
thence Norlh eighty chains, thwc*
fcaat olght chalni. thenco Sooth olghty
ehalna, tUunco West olghty. ehalna to
puce of conm-Micomrat, containing
040 acres mor» or |e*u.  Located this
Notioe is hereby given that, thirty
days after date I, Prank Haley, Intond
to apply to the* Hon. Chief Commis-
sloner of Lands and* Works for a
license to prospect ■ for coal and petroleum on the following described
lnnds: Commencing at a post planted
at tho northeast corner of. the Ellen
Haley claim, thence South eighty
chains, thence East' eighty chains,
thenco North' eighty chains, thence
West eighty chains to place of commencement, containing G40 acres moro
or less. Located this 25th day of
June, 1910.
,  PRANK HALEY, Locator.
* ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Anderson, Witness.
Notico ■ Is horoby given that thirty
days after date I, AgneB Anderson,
intend to apply to tho Hon. Chlof
Commissioner of Lands and Works for
a llconso to prospoct for coal nnd petroleum on tho following doscrlbod
lands: Commonclng at a post planted
at tho northwost cornor of tho Frank
Haloy claim, thonco North eighty
chains, thenco East eighty chains,
thonco South olghty chains, thonco
Wost eighty chnlns to placo of commencement, containing 640 acros moro
or loss. Locatod this 25th day of
Juno, 1910,
.    AGNES ANDERSON, Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Andorson, Witness,
Notico* Is horoby glvon that thirty
days nftor dato T, Thomas Andorson,
Intond to apply to tho Hon. Chief Com-
mlsslonor of Lands and Works for a
Mcoiibo lo pronpoct for coal and potroloum on tho following described
lands: Commonclng nt a post planted
at southeast cornor of tho Agnon
Andorson claim, thenco North olghty
chains, thonco Emit olghty chains,
thonco South olghty chainB, thonoo
Wost olghty chains- to plnco of eommoncomont, containing 0.0 noron moro
or loss. Locatod this 2Cth day of
Juno, 1010.
THOMAS ANDERSON, Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agont.
John Andorson, Witnoss,
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
■■___-_____■_■■
New and up-to-date
Handsome Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
ROYAL
HtfTEl
fernie:
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
• '*.*'       7 -    "•
-  Everything
Up-to-date ; :
Call in and
see us once
JOHN P0DBIELANCIK?_Pr_p.
KING'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with tho best Wines,
Liquors and Olgitra
DINING ROOM. IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop.
Loans
On first clan
business and residential property!
DROP IN
MATTER
AND TALK THE
OVER WITH U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Croo & Moffatt
*kk****kkkk**kkkkkkkkkkkk*
H0TELFERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
".Fernie's Leading Commercial
and Tourist Hoiiso
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
JOHN B.  WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Llq.
ul dato r ond Trustee; auditor.to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALQARY, ALTA.
P. O. Box 303
DEPEW, MacDONALD &
McLEAN GO.. Ltd.
-ii *t^,m*aira*.^mwmm ■
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND
CONTRACTORS
VIOTORIA AVE.
PERNIE B, 0,
s
Notico lo hereby glvon that thirty
dnyB nftor dnto I, Adam Anderson,
Intend to npply to tlio Hon. Cblof
Commlinlonor of Lnndi* nnd Works for
n llconno to pronpoot for conl nnd potroloum on tho following donorlbed
landB: Commonclng at a poat planted
ot the Southwest cornor of tho Thomas
Andorson clnlm thonco Soulh olghty
kiiuiua, iiiclito imtal, uigiitj' v*ii«lll*,
Mionro North (Mphly chnlnn, ibonrr
Wost olKhty ohnlriH to placo of eommoncomont, containing 640 acros more
or Ions. Located this 25th day of
Juno  1010.
ADAM ANDERSON, Locator,
...WI    VjVJVf,    iVfeVkll.
John Andorson, Witnoss.
Notico Id hereby ul von that thirty
dnys after date J, William McKochtno,
Intend to apply to tho Hon. Chlof
Commissioner of Lands nnd WorVs for
a lf«_n«o to proapect for coal and petroleum on tha following described
lands: CommixncltiK at a post plsnttd
at or about 200 feet North of tho
northwost corner of lot 1«8S, thonct
North olghty chains, thonco Kast
eighty chains, thenc* Boutb •Ixtit*^
chains, thenco Weil el«bty chains to
placo of commencement. Located this
27th day of Junt, 1910.
WILLIAM M'KKCtllNVb, LmAtor.
ANDY GOOD. Afoot.
John Anderson, Witness.        - • "
I NG E It
E WING
MACHINE  CO
«
■ t
• t
• t
.
• c
■ (
■ (
• t
't
• t
-f
• c
■<
• c
■ c
'I*
(
• (
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<(
• *   — *.*.**** + *,
■t
WM.    BARTON
Aocant   rernle   Hronolt
j _wMPf*^i|i*^VJW¥¥^*V¥¥¥V¥¥' ■
GEO. BARTON
EMPRESS  TRANSFER
*
Draying
. Furniture Moving h Specialty
WOOD OP ALL KINDS
htmro Oritsr* with W, Kway
**»-)•«■ Tl
THE BOTTLE THAT'S ALWAYS
0HO8.N.
It.       *r\ t*f\9c** r **, r, r*       4 ~        -,i1    -,. ,,       f (I.
.   *      v*  *« ._  ,ms,v      *si      "M ***•**«-*■**•      t*fc      VWW     *_ti_,**4
whose labol boars our namo -which Is
a Runrantoo ot both purity and quality,
I, *
WE DO NOT RETAIL WINE AND
LIQUORS.
t<n' coll thom by tho civic to first class
hot-iiIs. doalors, clubs, otc   Ask for
(horn and you'll know why Uio bout'
indues prefer them.
THE POLLOCK WINE CO. LTD.
•    .
Ledger Ads Pay .'.,'* -.-"«''*■. . ". '.J'*"v.   '-.-'"    -?".**' 7"   ~> '" ' -*?jS'.;-l.rC ;*-' " '- .*.,--• 1..**. '''' "  *-I
|*f7.#7'7.
V-7>7<-7*;*
-       ' V. i- .
THE DISTRICT JJBDQER, FErM, B. C, AUGUSt 20, 1910.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH /AT'- HOSMER,   Bic.
■*. A complete line of samples of
Fall Suiting and
Overcoatings
Worsteds, Serges
and Tweeds
Up-to-date Workmanship
7   Moderate Prices
J; C. KENNY
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found     *       „ .    * "-, *■- *
SUCH A DISPLAY
.We  have the  best  money
can buy of Beef,, Pork, Mut-.
ton, Veal, . Poultry, , Butter,'
Eggs, Fishj "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard,   Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
.      . PHONE OR CALL'
Galgar. Cattle Co,
PAGE SEVEN
1
7%e W^
Our Foreigny Br others
LE TRUST DES POISSONS.
MM. Mackenzie et Mann voudraient
monopoliser les pecheries de la Cote
. du Pacifique—Fabrication desavons
avec' I'huile de baleine—Immenses
appareiis. frigorifigues.
*, WINNIPEG, 8. —' On nous informe
■que' MM. . Mackenzie' * et - Mann^* et
autres se proposent de creer uh" trust
des pecheries, sur la cote.'Ils seraient
en negoclations • pour- acquerir la
„"Ne\\r.' England Fish .Company", qui
controle a peu pres toute la peclie du
fletan sur la cote ouest. Ils se sont
d'ores et deja portes acquerours do
la "Pacific Whaling Company" et ils
acheteront Sexploitation de Paclofico
et de la "Queen Charlotte"-dans,la
Colombie Brltarinique A la peche a
a la'baleine sera jointe une immense*
fabrlque'do savons, ce qui leur por-
mettra d'utiliser, suir les lieux, 1'hullo
du cetace, au lieu de l'expedler eh
Ecosse. Dos appareiis refrigerants
aux dimensions considerables, seroht
etabli's sur les chantiers, et le poisson
onveloppe' sur place, dans des blocs
de glace, sera expedie sur,les marches
du monde entier, en parfait etat de
conservation. ' <-"
TOWARYSZI ROBITNUKY.
Phone* 56
mm
Fernie-Fori Steele
Brewing Go.;: Ltd;
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
GREVE QUI  DURE UN AN.
Les Mineurs Celebrent L'anni versa ire
_ ,     de  la   Fameuse  Greve  de ;
Springhiil. _
., HALIFAX, N. E., 11. — Des cen-
taines de drapeaux rouges flottent
aujourd'hui . sur la petite ville de
Springhiil, ou les mineurs de l'Uhion
fetent leur., clnquante-deuxieme semaine-de chomage.7
Les grevistes. ont defile par les rues
principales de la ville et se-sont ren-
dus dans un champ public, a un mille
de la, ou ils ont manifete. Plusieurs
enfants portaient des drapeaux rouges. , .*
* Un millier hommes choment depuis
un an, vivant de charite. Les affaires
a Springhiil, sont dans un calme plat,
ot*l'etat des finances municipales est
Jdeplorable. -Des" s'oldats - surveillent
toujours lo travail . des brlseurs de
greve, et l'extractlon " augmente de
jour en jour., *
J.
LE  CAS   DECOUX.
,,,''-••'-■    '   Fernie, B. C.
Odnoju naszoju cileju jest praciu-
waty deni \v deni bez" perestahku.
Ne majuczy; na u wazi szczonaj
menszoi myslyMo lutszohb zytia.
A szczobpowstaty samomu za sebe
to nema ani zawodu, po dumaty,
szczbby wze raz konec" zrobyty tym
kapitalistycznym  ustrojam?
Bo sia klasa skladajesi z welykych
biirzujiw, i storajes szczo naj. hirsze
tysnuty bidnohb robitnyka bez haj
menszoi po szczadyi moloserdia?
A my w prykryeh czasach nowykdy
lesze molytys do boha o* *' pomiczi,
jakoj-o'dn'ak boh nedaje'swoji pomoozl
nikoly.       *    .    *„ '*"'."
-Tovaryszi Robitnyky, tak dalsze ne
moze buty my w_e raz mu sym sia
porozumity miz*-soboju7 A wziatys
do holownoj organizaciji" '.Socialsty-
czridji* Partyji Konady..
• "W jednosty. syla, koly my; spolucz-
mosi. w' o'drio tilo w ddnu ,sylu co
pe'wno' szczo 'zadno^lycho.. ne zwalyt
znih?      . , "•','■'
A ^szczo" naj bilsze, to* bratysi*;do
proswity do czytariia -dobrycb, gazet
Ukrolnisku, . "Robotchuj    Norbd". , a,
_nlitn_l_e>j*o_iii-ni-in.^_  /v+_fi.,^nn_A no,liicl.-i_
■ v~...tJ--*Vwuu uu,V«-v„j  v..vj.- j,U-*_Dl.J«,..-
to moze sobi za prynemyruwoty "District Ledger, "Western Clarion," ■ Cotton's "Weekly." ' . • , 7. . • !,' ;
■" Bo kozde.cztanie jest korysthym
dia.' wsiakoho- czolowika zyjuczy no
bilimswiti?^.. .' ' " * ' - ' **.
"" Wze.dosyt.braty po pool room-aclf,*
ta pry barach tratyty marny swi}
hrisz. Czas i pora za sebepowstaty
I lutsze na.siwltu zyry. -7   ,
Za Organizaclow,
■    (Signed)    , N. W.' GAWINCHUK.
Nous venons d'apprendre que M.
SV'.' C. Simmons, l'avocat se propose
de demander. la liberte provisoire de
M. A., Decoux conformablement aux
provisions de l'acte,de,habeas corpus
eton ne.crbit d'avbir -opposition ■ de
M. le Procuereur General. Ainsi qu'il
soit. ,  * '
Selon une depeche de la presse
associe., une ' incendie desastreuse* a
detruit .eomplet'ement' ■ l'Exposition
Universelle de Bruxelles* et la "perte
monte a la somme immense, de
100,000,000 dollars. II y a eu, une
panique entre les concurrents deux
personnes sont tues et 30 blesses. *
Des betes fauves ont echappes de
leurs cages' et sont encore en liberte.
Un soldat' fut poignarde pendant
qu'il faisait, l'arrestatioii de -trois
voleurs,   • '   «
-■* We are in receipt of the third annual report of the British'Columbia
Anti-Tuberculosis. Society from'which,
we gather that-this society, is making
riiany additions and improvements in
order, to meet tlie. increased demands
upon* it. During "the "year there were
97 patients treated, 22'per cent were
free;1 2 per cent paid $3.50; G 'per
cent paid "$5; 8 per ' cent paid. ?0-j
-3_L-Pe.i__ceiit_paid_$7":„8li3__..ceii_-»ai_-
**************************
ROMA HOTEL
Dining* Room and Beds under
New Management,
First class table board
Meals 25c, Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dliilnsr Ronm Mgr.
kick***'**************** kkk*
!
l
Fernio Dairy
Fl-IESH  MILK
dolivorod   do   all.
parts of tho town
Sandon _ Verhiett Brother!.  »
Proprietors «
Nel primi giornl dolla nostra razzn
l'Onriipotonto disso al primo * degli
uomini: . "Nel sudore, dolla tua faccia
tu niangerai il pane," o fin, d'allora,
so es'cludo .la luceo l'aria del clelo,
nesauria biibna cosa' o stata- o puo
essere goduta da noi, senza clic si a
prima costnta lavoro. E poicho la
mngglor parte dollo buono cose sono
prortotto dal lavoro, no sogue cho
tutto lo coso appartongono' di diritto
a cbloro il cnl lavoro lo ha prodottq.
Ma o acenduto in tutto lo eta dol
mondo cho alcunl hanno lavorato od
altri hanno, senza lavoraro, goduto
unaMarga porzlono dol frutti. Quosto
o inglueto o non dovreboo continuare,
Asslcuraro a .ciascun lavovatoro Tin-
toro prdotto dol buo lavoro, 11 put
Bcrupolosamonto poBSibilo, quosto e II
dogno scopo d'ognl gpvorno.
Sombra Btrano cho ogni uomo osl
chlcdoro niuto nd un Dio gluato por
Btrnpparo il pane dal sudoro di tin
altro uomo.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN.    (1)
  (1),   President© degll Stati Unltl
Nacquo nol 1800 nol Kontuclty da
povorl ngrlcoltorl. Fu BUCcoBBlva-
monto boBcalolo, agrlinonsoro, av-
vocato o uomo politico,
La sua olozlono alln . prosldonsiia
por opera dogll abollzlonlatl (1850)
(coloro cho mlravnno a dlBlruggcre la
schlnvltu) fu 11 Bognnlo dolln guorrn
dl BocosBlono. Rleletto contro Mc-
Clollnn nol 180-i, vonno 1'nnno dopo as-
HaBHlnato nl tontro Ford, a Wnshlng-
ton, dn un fnnntlco BohlnvlBtn, dopo
In vlttorla dol Nord.
$10, 20 per cent paying the full maintenance rate of*$14.per-week.-..   ,
The efforts put .forth'on behalf, of
the unfortunates are,certainly worthy
of 'commendation, but at the same
time only ' emphasize' the stupidity
of our existing system" as this ""disease'' is intensified, by the lack of
light as is proven by the statistics
showing a marked difference between
those wlio live on the north side* of
a street and those on the south side,
Although tho establishment* at Trim-
quille is doing much gojad so far as
tho treatment of those "effected, yet
the destruction of tho causo of the
terrible malady is what wo are*working for aiul that means the hideous
conditions Inseparable - from congested centers, sweatshops, industrial
occupations that aro unsanitary, insufficient food and clothing and tho
many' other creative factors of this
death dealing diseases tho product of
tho  Moloch  of  Capitalism—PROFIT.
w
ITH the issue of our new Fall and Winter
Catalogue, The Robert Simpson Company
Limited, starts a new chapter in the mail order
business of Canada.
To further develop our Great Mail Order System and spread
its benefits to all parts of the Dominion* we will, until further
notice, pay all charges on the great bulk of our shipments,
and thereby put our mail order customers on an absolute
equality with city customers.
Eyen if you live a thousand or more miles away, the goods
will cost you just what they would in Toronto—no need now to
figure out postage, express or freight rates because
The prices you see printed in this new catalogue are, with a few exceptions,
exactly what the goods will cost laid down at your nearest railroad station.
This makes Every Railroad Station, Every
Post Office, Every Express Office in Canada
Practically a branch of this famous Store.
N. B.—To get this new catalogue send Post Card
addressed to Department No. 68 '
_S®Dd®_-
SID
The; Pitifiii; Plight * ■"
~^~.f#rPit "Pony
STAY  AWAY.
♦
Notice to All Mine Workers.
All minors, aro roquostod to
stay awny from Irwin, Madison,
Greensburg, Latrobe and othor
mining towns In Westmoreland
county, whoro a striko haa boon
ln of feet Blnco April 1,1910, tho
coal" companies having refused
to rocbgnlzo ■ tho minors' organization or enter Into a working agroomont. Agonto of the
conl corporations nro shipping
mon from various parts of tlio
country to tako tho placo of tho
strikers by misrepresenting tho
true condition of affairs,
FRANCIS FIMIIAN,
Prosldont,
T. DONOVAN,
Soc'y-Trons,
List of Locals District 18
60  VBAHft*
CXPERI-NCB
t&UlnrtlM, wfttoolahMM iatea
laeti Hie jntterpt.
1 BiB-1f?_*lf ■H'-"t___! w_Jtl», Larttttat*
5S^.',*sr^Efei_r"a.w
ledger Ads Pay
Corroctod by District Socrotary np to May lst, 1010.
8EC, AND P, O, ADDRE88
., Whoatloy, Dnnkhcnd, Altn,
N. McDonnell, llonvor Crook, via Plnchor
J, Bui'ko, Bollovuo, Frnnk, Alln,
James Turnbull, Hlnlrmoro, Alta,
Wno. Asnton, DurmlB, Alta.
J, Noll, Cnnmoro, Altn.
T, Uumloy, Conl Cily Tnbor, Alia,
H\ <iraiiatu, C'-JitiK-tn, AlU,
O, M. Davies, Curbondnlo, Coleman, Alia,
J. Aplln, Cardiff, Alta.
V, K. St. Amiinl, Cardiff, Altn.
Job. Bavin, Corbin, D. C.
VJUVI.   bJ_»>***-_*,   lJ»l*u!,»'w.«1»   *w*,*b',|,   k4_u.w»fc\»|^-4
nicliard Thompson, Frnzor Flats, Kdmonton
M. Donlo, 43-1 Lorno St. Norwood, Kdmonton
D. Heos, Fornio Tl. C.
O. Nicol, Frank, Alia.
J. Ayro, IlQHnicr** II. C.
J. O. Jones, Illllcrost, Alta.
n,,ISvantt. Konmaro, N. I).
L. Moore, r. O. lift, Ixithbrldxe, Altn
W. L. Evans, Mile, Frank, Alia.
M,   0 Hilar, Maplo Uaf, Ilollovuo, Alta.
M. nirrcll. Michel. ». C.
Nell Duncan, Pauuurff, Bellovue. Alta.
Oscar Carlson, raisbnrg. Altt.
i!    Ctaai. Smltb, Hoy*l Coll., iMhbrWto, Alt*.
k. QUaw. Ctutlicoaa, Alta. .
Wm. nuiiell. Taber, Alt*.
B, Drown Tabor, Alt*,
NO,
NAME*
20
llnnkhohd
.81
llonvor Crook
m
Ilollovuo
2103
ninlrmorn
,040
Burmis
im
Cnnmoro
eo
Coal City
idus
Coleman
mi
Carbondalo
2378
Cardiff
270
Cardiff
2877
Corbin
H.e
blAlllUlll't O**,'}
1329
Edmonton        ,
2388
Edmonton
2314
Fornio
1.03
Frank »
2107
Hosmer
10BR
Hillcrest
mo
Kunmnro
674
LothbrldKO
nn
Lillo
mn
- Maplo Leaf
nu
Mlcbel
303
Police Flats
23S2
PASOburs      „
nm
Royal CollIorlM
aii:
attalUcona,
m
Xtthtr
mt
Taber
I
The Commentator for May 21st (a
new-journal devoted to tlio real old-
fashioned conservatism).contained the
following: 'r'  *
"We take : the ■ following extract
from the Daily Express:
''Tliere were remarkable scenes at
Cr'amlington ' (Northumberland) on
Saturday, when,, In consequence of
the miners! strike, the ponies were
brought up from six collieries. The'
condition of many of the animals was
pitiful.. -Somo could scarcely walk,
through the long period of inactivity,
while many; unaccustomed to tlie sunlight, were unablo, to' seo. Somo had
tb bo shot, and the pit lads, recognizing the animals, woro doeply affected."
Then follows Tlio Commontator's
gom:
"It sooms ns if ovon tho dumb
nnimals aro not, oxempt from the
gonornl blight produced by tlio nctlon
of the Radical government,' but aro
compelled to bear their Bharo, Tho
eight hours bill lins. produced nothing
but universal troubio, starvation, and
wrotchodnoBs throughout llio wholo
of the mining districts slnco lt came
Into oporation," ,
Lot us oxnmlne those goma of the
capitalist proflfl. Tlio causo of. the
pitiful condition of the ponies is here
• nlloKo'd to bo "the long porlod of Inactivity," tho Inforenco being that
tho ponios had been brought out of
tho pit at tho ond ot the striko instead of at tbo beginning, ns Ib Uio
usual ciiRtom, To turn tlio ponies out
means cheaper kocp, and it also glvoa
tho ponies a chance to got Into proper
condition UKiiln—fiosh nlr and greon
food bolng good healers of ugly aores,
nnd Iho chango gives tho ponies a
new lonso of lifo, It lt costR no
moro to koop thom down tho pit, It
Is quito ovldont thnt tlio coRt of removal would not bo incurred, ns the
public would not, In Hint ofiHO, hoo
tho pitiful condition thoy nro in, nnd
lho ownors bo Hhnmed Into, hnvlng
tlio moHt glaring specimens shot.
Hut Tlio Commentator on tho cniiHO
of llio pimsol—lho eight hours bill of
lho Radical government!! TIiIh Is a
uno IIIiiHtrntion of tho brnln-power
possossod by tho odltorB of tho cnpl-
tnllat pross. llcfore the eight hours
net wns piiHsod, Caleb Pnmcly, n mining export, wroto (lu 1808):
"Thoro should In- mi Indent homos
nt u colliery to supply tho daily ro-
quiremontR without having to work
thom double Hlilftu, for systematic*
overworking Is not only Inhuman but
111 BO   (l.il|P|)ll) J   XVI)   X Liuil).        tun, vx-
trjit'l ;■ iivi-i- Hint jit-nlf". wi-rf- iiv(*j-
worked hr-fori* tho olplit hours nol.
ho Unit thn bill as thc "cnuso"* Is
rulod out. Anothor point for politicians or Tho Commentator stamp is
tho fn-t that the Tories w«r« "In"
In iV.'s whon iiiiM icinfioinniiiHifi ot
overworking was published; so that
tbo "Ins nnd nuts" of political partlos
as a ".•iiuge" is also ruled out. At
ono pit wo know of, horses worked
OO'/j boiirs In ono week—for Sundny midnight until Saturday mid-day
— iuul, tlii'-- Dw t-lKVit bom* act, VI
hours tn tho same'period. Tbis shows
h 'Mr,U kuIu lo ihu punlc*. bu'. thut
gain It. more than, oiUw«ielit-»d by the
doubliii. of tlm shifts fit thos. n!U
which only worked single shifts
prior to the act. It may It-
very rmtly (o overwork tbft ponies,
but a tommon eayittu tn th* min**
in. "Whnt Min one wit. bxty »no4her,"
and at tb* back of this expnuulon
lies hidden the   caus«   of   th* pit
ponies' pitiful,.plight.". It is cheaper
to'.work one set overtime' than to
havo a set of ponies for each shift.
.If_tliP_nnnif><5_f>milrl_.hn_c.i.rtr-./l£,il_-im_QC!
men are, it would still obtain, - but
this is impossible owing to. .the peculiar nature ' and circumstances of
their' work.
Not-only is the general condition
of .tho ponies impaired by 'overwork,
but thoir .'bodies are often covered
with terrible sores, due to sweating
and subsequent chafing nt Uig points,
and under various parts of tho harness, In addition to these sores tho
ponies often sustain severe injuries
by knocking against roof and sidc-s,'
injuries that might be avoided "but
for the fact' that it Is cheaper lo
leavo the repairing of roadways until
they nonrly fall In than to ropnir
tnem in odd places., -If tlio average
pit pony, or ono llko it, wero employed above ground by a rag and
.bono morchant, its' owner would life
fined or imprisoned for cruelty—
working a horse in nn unfit stnto—
tho animal would bo shot, and tho
man would lost his "instsriunont of
production." Dut tho law has no such
terrors for the coal-owner. Is ho not
often tho locnl magistrate? Rut woo
ibotldo tho luckless pony-driver reported for cruelty. Only a fow days
ago, n pony-dliver mauled his pony
so badly, because lt stopped and refused to go on, that It had to bo
shot, and the lad had to pay £7—
damages nnd „coBta. Just fancy,' _7
of a flno for trying to mako a horso
do ItB work! It would bo instructive
to know how mnny hours lt had beon
at work uoforo this lad took chargo
of it. If ho had boon kind, niul'lot
tho pony nlono, ho would probably
hnvo boon roportod to tho mnnngor
for nol hauling enough coal to mnko
tho colliers n day's wage. Drivers
aro driven to prautlco all kinds of
docoptlvo tricks whon their ponios aro
unfit, to work. And yot It In provo-l
by sucn Hconos aH that at Oram-
llngton that tlio lads havo an nf reel ion
for their ponies.
This survey of tho condition of pit
ponies, nnd iin bonrlng upon tlio lives
of tho pit Inds and mon, shows Unit
tho flnor foolingH of tlio workors uro
Hiipprpssed liy tho economic systmn
obtaining, and ovon thou nol In iiulti*
so groat n dogrno us (Iioho of tho
ownoi'H, plouty of ovidoneo lining
forthcoming, If Hpu<-o,pormlttod, to
hIiow that both luds and nion luinii-
ually tiaorlfke tlmo nnd wn*st-H rathor
thnn work m thn oxpoiisn of evcorfulvi;
labor of tho poiilo**. Lot iih remove
such a liriilallzliiK system by working
to L'HtiihliMli the iiidiiHliliil comiiiiiii-
woalth, whon tho coal owners, will
cense from troubling nud lho overworked ponl-is bo nt rost.
,iA,\H.rt   Ur.AltU   I-Mi-*',
Tin-   fdilullrt,   IJi.IjiWiji.iU.i.'Ij,    IalA
land,
THE CANADIAN BANK
=-==Qfr^GQ MMrrR^CE^-=
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000     Reserve, $6,000,000
DRAFTS ON   FOREIGN  COUNTRIES
Arrangements havo recently been completed under which the branches.
of this Bank are able to Issue Drafts on the principal points
In the following countries:
Austria-Hungary    Finland Ireland
Belgium Formosa   * Italy
Brazil France Japan
Bulgaria Fr'ch Cochin-China Java
Ceylon Germany Manchuria
China   , Great Britain Mexico
Crele Greece Norway
Denmark Holland Persia
Egypt Iceland Philippine Islands
- Faroe Islands India Roumania
NO  DELAY  IN   I8SUIN0.       .ULL  PARTICULARS
L. A. S.   DACK,
Russia
Servia
Slam
South Africa
Straits Settlements
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
West Indies in
and elsewhere
ON   APPLICATION
Manager, Fernie.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorised ....$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Cnpltal Paid Up   $5,330,000.00   Reserve Fund  $5,330,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
. *   '     ' BRANCHE8   IN   DRITI8H COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, .ernle, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
„ ;8AVINQ8 DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH . GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
Head 8 King St.
TORONTO
Office West
CAPITAL ANO LABOR,
ir, as now sRoms probnblo, tho
Hoard ut (V'ticlllallrm In thn dld'nit.'
bot xxK-11 int. Toronto Xnilwny rci.-i-
pnny and Uh men proves a fnlluro,
tho l.cnileiix act will bo moro unpopular than over with tho unions. In
tho tJrnnd Trunk striko lho dolay or-
rnslonod by tho Inoffoctuiil ufforts of
tho Hoard of Conciliation to secure a
M*Ul*>int*iil itiiiibkd Out citiDpitri) hu
to stronxthon Its position that when
Du:   HUH   i*_lUalIi'   WUtkwl     UUl     till!*,
found tlt<msclvos at a disadvantago.
From this handlrap thfy did not r<>-
cover, and in lho end they had to
accept smaller concessions tbaa th*y
mlcbt otherwls-a hav* s-scured. What-
oxxr oho may ho said In favor of the
QUARTERLY   DIVIDEND
Notico is borcby given that a Dividend nt tho rnto of SIX PER,
GENT, por annum upon tho paid up Capital Stock of Tho Homo
Bank of Canada has boon declared for tho THREE MONTHS
ondingf Auftuflt 31st, 1010, and tho same will bo payablo at the
Hond Offico and BranchoB on and aftor Thursday, Soptombor 1st
w*vt
Tho Transfor Rftoks Mil V_ r.loted from the 17th to 31 nt of
August, 1010, both days inclusive.
By Ordor of tho Board JAMES MASON,
Toronto, July 31st, 1010. Goneral Manager.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager Fornio Branch.
STRIKE  LE880N8,
In some (pinrterH In this country l«
Is the fashion to hcrnto internal Imml
labor uiiIohh ns the toot, of . anmttnu
cnpltal. and as the limtriirnents of
Aiiinrli-nn liuiiiklrW-n im Dm >ii)iit*> of
rival Canadian enterprises.
A vi'iy -.Mtfciuit _*,.*,  [,i luiv*. ih
eulat-od In tcniiDclloii vsltli tlm I'r.iU'i
Trunk strike.    Tho Internal lonal officers ot (ha railway unions mo ik-
niniids Instead of only part of them,
and their pensions mlKht have bien
Hiived an well,
Tin* two cnn ton lions nre not rom-
imtlble, and, probably, neither Is true.
Kvperli'iirn hriti shown that, for the
iniiM ii.ut. tin; liih-riiHilouit) union «>(•
fleers are broad-KSUKo men, »enlous
fui thi*. CuiudUn nulkoiii' lutcuiuu.
aud >i'l at the nnmo time able to*
Kiasp the employers' standpoint, tt
has often happened that..such leaders.
rused of bavin*? sacrificed the men  with their whter,, outlook, have pr.
by hurrylfl-r up a settlement In order I vented fttriki-K u|m» which Iho local
to avoid further drain on the int«-r-', offltera were bent.—Toronto Nows.
l^ml>-»*» i*c», it unquestionably Isvor* | n»»U>rmk sirlk* lund. hut for itni*
capital at tho Mpens* of labor.—jnrneney, so tbe dlsuruntled ones claim
Toronto News.
The District letter Is the pUrt to
I tbo men might have won sll tbelr de- \ xet your upu todate prlntlrin. PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. fr, AUGUST 20,' 1010.
HERE AND THERE
Are you going fishing? .See Sud-
day's stock. .    .    -     . *       **  '' -
DICKEN—On Friday, August 19th,
1S10, to the wife, of W. M. Dicken,
Fernie,! a son.   All are doing well.
The, Crow's Nest Trading company's
ad makes interesting reading. Special
offerings in all lines.   See page eight
'for  particulars.
Mr. Mark Sampson will sing Hamilton Gray's "Dream of Paradise," in
-"■ Knox Church ■ Sunday   evening.   He
will be assisted by Mr. Murray play-
\ng violin obligato.
Fifty-nine'was the lucky number
that secured the summer house that
.the U. B. of C. .& J. constructed and
the holder of the * winning ticket iS\
Bert Pearson and he, of course, gets
the house.
A jolly crowd of musically disposed
members of both sexes foregathered
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. George
Stevenson on McPherson avenue on
Wednesday nighlv It is safe to say
that with such hosts the event was
especially enjoyable.
The Ladies Aid of, the Methodist
church will havo a pound social (20
ounces to the pound) on Monday next
August 22d, at the church. Come
along, bring your appetite, but don't
leave your purse at home. Refreshments will be served.
Miss Margaret E.' Creighton Is now
at the Heintzman Parlors and has
already obtained pupils for the various'
subjects she teaches, including kindergarten. For further particulars apply
at the above piano parlors in the
Miners' Theater block. 3-lm
C. D. • Potter, stock salesman for
tho International Correspondence
Schools, is in town on behalf of this
institution and reports tliat the success of the recent issue is proving
more' productive than the .most sanguine expectations thought of7
Mr. H. McKInstry, widely known
throughout the Pass, formerly of
Cranbrook, was at the Waldorf this
week. He has the agency for the
entire province for the vacuum cleaner, with which he is equipping ho'r.els
for .tho purpose of cleaning carpels.
The amount of the July payroll,
which will be distributed, on Saturday, amounts to $193,856, of which
Michel receives $77,562 and Fernie
$06,294. The mines, both at Michel
and Coal Creek, have had idle days
this month with consequent effect
,  upon. the payroll.
Owing to the death of Graham
Macdonald of., Winnipeg, the local
branch of the A. Macdonald company
was closed two days (Saturday and
Monday). Mr. W. G. Barclay of thc
C.: N, Trading company, who was an
. intimate friend of the deceased, attended the funeral on Monday.: Tlie
.s  employes of • the Fernie branch sent
a floral wreath,,as attribute "of respect. , .....        *
We are very pleased to state that
Mr. Thomas B. Howden,.who has been
engaged in    tlio    electrical  business
hore for some time', - will shortly remove   to  Calgary, where  he  has   accepted  a splendid  position'with  the
Patttson    Electrical    company.      His
circle of friends regret his departure,
but congratulate him on his success
■ which    it    is    trusted may be  continuous. _   . ''
The most Important events of this
month will tako place on tho 30th.
Tliey are the visit of Sir Wilfrid
Laurier and the .presentation of the
"Burgomaster" at the Miners' Opera
House. This comic opera has , met
with tho greatest receptions of anything of its kind on the road nnd
ought to draw a bumper house hero.
After listening to Ihe premier orate
tho day's or rather thc evening's
pleasures can bo filled lo overflowing
by drinking In tho wnrbllngs of thin
excellent company.
On Saturday noxt thc team of tho
Coal Creok football club will go to
Michel to try conclusions with their
rlvnlH lu tho first bout for tho Mutz
cui). It Is expected that a strong
contingent or supporters of tho rod
und while will Journey to the neighboring town when a fust, and hardly
contested game will ho plnyed. A
npoelal train bus been chartr-red leaving Coal Creok , at 4:in and from
Fornio (G. N. depot) nt 4:15. Buy
your tlckols oavly and tnko your best
luriRH with you. Foro, round trip,
91.21).
J, J. Atliorton, tho woll known.nows-
pup .-mun and dramatic Impersonator
of Wandsworth, Now Donvor, Trout
Lako, Forgusoii, Creston and othor
-ommorclnl centers Ib roportod to
hnvo gone to tho wilds of Sirdar to
chnsn tho oluslvo liriiln from his lair,
hut If tho tnblo sbotild bo turn ml and
tho nhnsor bocomo cbiisoe wo put our
monoy on .1. .). Wo think, howovor,
that tho Inimitable J. J. Ih faking, If
not ii mean, nt least a loan advan-
tngo on his quarry and cannot under-
Kin ii.. why ho does not tnko somo of
t:reHton*n portly cltlzons as bait. (No
limn-in mi-iitloii.'d,)
Mr. "Dooloy" I.owoh, clilof of tbo
Moyie flro brlgude, l« making » niuni*
for himself by Dw nbli- manner In
whicli ho hns handled hmvoiiiI flrus
Unit havo done ooiiHldi-rnblo dtunngo
In thu lako town. A fow wcuuh uno
It wax tho c: 1», It. freight sheds that
were d'-Hlroyrd, hul. d-'xplli* u vnry
(strong wind blowing nt the tlmo tho
tlilHi.lh'J  n.ln itiliillitrU ill U'.i*. t/UiiuiiifS.
"Mriiii'iiiv movi-ilmr \\\ D\o ".vce rmn
hours thn Contnopnlltnn hotol wns
nobbled up by thn flnm-'H, mid dl*
thou uh llioro nro yovurul friiiuc build-
ingH in tin- !iiim--<!iitt« vicinity thoy
wi-to only s*-oirlierI.
FJoreni'c Nj/ditlJiK/ih', the "Angrl nt
the Crlmi'ii," pm-Mcd nwny In London
nt lho iii|vn!if'<-d age of no, Tho title
-ronferr-'d upon her by the soldiers
who took pnrt In thr Itiisslnn wnr of
lS.'.l was b-'cauHO of her efforts to
reform lho hospital service, which on
iiiv'-i-'HKniHui of iiii- horrors ol Scutari,
wen- of inch tt ciinriirter th.ti her re-
l>ul't Oil tin; m'tlmi l U-llU-il Mill l, it VitiWi
of Indignation throughout. Britain
that stops-w-cre Immediately taken to
remedy the evil. A fiP.OW testimonial
was offer*, tl to heir which she n;fu.«*,i
and th« soldiers fwur-H enough hy
penny subscriptions to er-ftct n statue
hut this lUtewhro -was -i-M-iln***..
Are you going to "lazy" at, home?
Sudday."sells hammocks., .-
Read Trites-Wood ad on page.four,
for specials in every department
'The football match. for the $100
prize awarded July 1st will-be-played
oft.on -Wednesday,-1 August 24th, between Coal Creek and Fernie on the
grounds of the latter.
The regular monthly meeting of the
W. C.' T.' U. will be 'teld'' iri the
Methodist church" next Friday afternoon at "4 o'clock'.' All interested in
the work are cordially invited to attend.    ' .    ' * - ■'..   ■ v   "•<
The Argus.of Black Diamond,- Cal.,
in its issue' of August 13*., "C.'O.
Demaurez, of propeller fame, did not
find Black Diamond to*his liking and
packed his, grip and emigrated to
Tracy." ,       .'    .   .
Mr. Thomas ■* Davis who is interested ' in Flathead coal lands, was
r. goos*. at the Fernie last week and
proceeded to the Coast to attend to
business connected with his' properties in the district mentioned.
The" Honorable Peter McLaren of
Blairmore,' Alta., is a guest at the
King Edward, and according to
rumors it is expected that the mill
recently destroyed will be replaced by
one with a much larger productive
capacity.
We nwouhL strongly urge upon our
local merchants to Interest themselves
in the matter of the interdiction of
a well known citizen of tho community
who may be constrained to divert his
wholesale purchases from the Queen
of the Crow to the Banana town.
Verbum sat sap, and it is a question
of "sap."   *'■ '      -
According to a, bill board on Victoria avenue requesting prospective
tenants to make early application for
offices, the space recently occupied
by the temporary building of the
Napanee Hotel will be the site of
another' addition to Fernie's substantial structures.
Last Sunday the City Band delighted their audience by? the able
manner in which they rendered the
numbers of the program, reflecting
credit upon themselves and to the
bandmaster, Signor Zaccaro, There
will be another concert Sunday next
at the same place.
A young people's party was celebrated at the home ,of Mr. and Mrs.
L. ,.P. Eckstein on Wednesday evening. Games, songs and dancing were
tlie features of the entertainment and
even some of the older ones derived
considerable pleasure judging by the
hearty manner in which they entered
into the spirit of some of the games.
E. Harper while at work in No. o
last Friday night received a severe
wound to his head and had one fingf.r
crushed by fa fall of rock. He was
knocked completely senseless end im
recovering consciousness went" lown
to his'home in Fernie, where ,he was
attended to by the doctor. He is at
present resting at home ai'd will b'e
"■.'i uuiiEjij*—twu—-wveivo-uciui c—nu—vc-Ir
resunie work at the mines
R. B. Fitzgerald informs us that
the recent rain and the cool evenings
are having a very,'beneficial'effect
iri stamping .out the bush fires that
have been raging, all around, us* lately. ■ There is a possibility of the
Creston Dramatic society, of which
Mr. Fitzgerald is a leading light, appearing before a Fernie audience I'n
the near future and as they possess
abilities far abovo tho average we
bespeak for them, a' very favorablo
reception should their plans mature.
AN ENEMY OF ORGANIZED LABOR
. .The,following.resolution was-unanimously - adopted" by • the * Eighteenth
Annual " Convention', of the:'.Western
Federation of Miners, and ordered
sent'to all locals pf the Western.Federation bf Miners and other labor
organizations:. - -•
Denver, Colo., July _2, 1910.
To the officers and members of the.
Eighteenth Annual Convention, and
all local unions of the Western- Federation of Miners 7 ■ '■
. .Whereas, There is a,nd has.- been
no demand on the Homestake Mining
company-for an increase in wages or
a.shortening of hours, or;„ for. the
changing in any respect in the working conditions of the workers of the
Black Hills, South Dakota; and '
Whereas, The Homestake Mining
company has for 'about eight months
prosecuted one of the most unreasonable-lockouts ever, instituted against
worWngmen'for stheir' allegiance to
and' beliefs in the principles arid,
rights of organized/Labor,' and,   "
Whereas, It is a well known fact
that the said mine Is the foundation
and' part of the Haggan-Tearst millions in which William Randolph
Hearst, the hypocritical poser as the
friend of labor, is interested; and,
Whereas, The conspiracy of silence
of the,Hearst papers, through which
for many years he and colleagues for
political , reasons have ' posed as the
friends' of organized workingmen, is
proof positive of the fact that - his
material interest lies in successfully
throttling all power of the Homestake
workers to defend their present plane
of living or ,to improve them' in the
future: Therefore, Be It
. Resolved; By, the delegates of the
Eighteenth Annual Convention, Western Federation of Miners, that we
demand of all local unions immediate
and affective. action, to the end that
all members of, the Western.'Federation of Miners throughout the United
States and Canada be made acquainted with the"fact, that- William Ran-,
dolph Hearst and- his publications,
the .Boston American and Examiner,
the New. York Journal, Chicago Examiner and American, the.Sari Francisco Examiner, and American, the
Los Angeles* Examiner and American,
and the Cosmopolitan Magazine, deserve the same treatment as every
foe of unionism; that he is an enemy
of organized labor and can no longer
hide behind the mask of pretended
friendship; that they, also notify all
those with whom they have business
relations of the attitude of this so-
called, friend pf labor, and that they
consider .those who are friendly to
his-publications in the same class as
their owner.    Be It Further     ■   _.
Resolved, That the delegates of'the
Eighteenth' Annual Convention, individually and collectively, pledge themr
selves each to.the other to,push this
matter in and outside their local* with
equal or- greater force and determination than is the owner and deferider
SUNDAY AFTERNOON ADDRESS.
William llboten will givo an expose
of his expbrionces as an inmate of
New Westminster asylum and this
should bo of especial interest to all
our citizens as ho was pent from hore.
This lecturo has a purposo and: same
will be fully doscrlbod and suggestions offered looking to an amendment of tho legislature govornlng
such mail ers, .
Tho address will bo a frank, open,
straightforward appeal to all cltlzons
without porsonnl rancor or political
bins. *■ Tho Bruce's Hnll has boen
placed at his disposal and' a collection
takon rnoroly to defray actual ex-
ponsos. If thoro should bo any surplus it will be forwnrdod to Camp-
bollton, N. 13., for tbo benefit of tho
firo Bufferors.
BUSINESS LOCALS
Cornor lot and houso on Cox street,
Pleasantly locntod,   $750 cnsh.
Picture framing dono neatly nnd
chuup at tho Trites-Wood Co.
It's up to you, Wo nro horo to savo
you monoy in furnituro nnd stoves.
Tho Trltos-Wood Co;
FOR SALE—Ono 1010 Domocrnt
wngon, horso nnd harness, J. Anderson, Cokato, Konilo, H, C.   Box 370.
2t—1p
Hmnll houso of furnituro for Bn'.o,
dull couplo, Vory rvnsontiblo. Apply
II. M. Wost Fornio. p
FOR HA1JC—KiirnlHltotl boarding
bouse, Property known ns tho GUI
I Ion I'd I iik House. Apply Hoss & Lnno,
barristers,
Tbo Kilos nro comltm. (lot your
screen doors, window screens nm) ro-
frlK'TiitoiH at the Trltos-Wood Company.    The clinipest In Jhe city,
Hloan-Ditployan Shorthand cnn bo
taiiKbt lu Vi liiKKiniH. Bend for specimen h-iiKOU In Thulium YlrndHliaw, I. S.
lUUI-J-'nink, Aim.
to hi-jM- -runiibiiuu rooms io
mjn-ilJiMi', guli t jiii-jOi-. MoflL-rn
houH'.-: cent rally locntod. Apply to
Mrs. W. Iluiiiuilile, near Mothodlst
church,
l.lsli'ti, wo nm savo you from |20,00
ro US'-! on n ttowln?. ninchlne, nnd Rive
you (ho ImRt, "The Standard," tlio ninchlne that has thom all bent, nnd then
some,     Tho Triton Wood Co,
Wanted: IIouhh (-li-nnkni. or dny labor of nny kind. Mother of flvo children nnd widow of inomb.r of II. M. W.
A. l.x..vn: won. v-KU H. L. .tun-.*. Hon
05.
Tv,t> lull*, hi liltii.;. Ti,*i, liiiii-i'i-it'd C
ami 7. On-*** n <:i-ni-,r k't, This property Is all plnntid with -enrtlon truck,
fenced nil iiioiir**,', %1,'iwi ciihIi, Apply
K. Itavpur, Mcfv.-Tr-uu avenue.
of the. Homestake Mining company
prosecuting the boycott against the
union men'of the* Black Hills and the
right of unionism to.,, exist. Be It
Fip-lh'er       ",.-    ,.      ,„,- "
/Resolved, That the incoming executive board be nnd is hereby instructed, to bring' this resolution to" the
notice ;of all national ■ arid international , organizations of. working rrien
with the request that thoy thke im-
■medlate notice of the same and take
steps" to acquaint each and every
member of their organization with the
facts that while William Randolph
Hearst and his papers are posing as
tho exponents of organized labor, they
continue as silent as tho grave while
tho company in which the Hearsts
own extensive, if not .thet controlling,
intorosts havo not only denied the
rlgiiL. of its employes to belong to a
labor organization and work for said
company, but hns nnmed as' ii consideration for omploymont tho signing n\y,ay of the most sacrod constitutional rights of tho A.nioricnn
citizen; that said national and International organization bo roquosted to
notify William Randolph Hearst that
his attitudo in connection, with the
lockout ln tho. Black Hills of South
Dakota places him in thc ranks of
tho most bitter onomlos of organized
labor, and that ho shall .contlnuo to
bo so recognlzod until tho Homestake
Mining company concedes to Its om-
ployos tlio constitutional and natural
right to organizo for tho purposo of
solf-pronoi'vntlon and tbo abolition of
wago slavery,
A horso raco will tako placo on
August 22nd botwoon tho stoods of
T, Mott and J, Minton for a purso
of $100. It will bo ono dash nnd tho
courHo from Lotcbor's barn to tho
Contral hotol.
Tho younger Bot In the ranks of tho
Washington miffrngoUoB hnvo started
some Innovations ln equal Biiffrngo
campaigning that havo provon do-
oldodly Buccossful, an woll as novel,
Tbo suffniKottos no longer conduct
tliolr voto-gottlng crusades by tho
speech-making systom only, Groups
of tho young Indlos go forth nt tho
slightest hint thnt thoy will bo welcomed, nnd glvo HUffrngo entertainments which consist of vocal and in-
strtimontiil music, dramatic readings,
and Just a littlo Riiffr'ngo talk mixed
In. lt Is llko a littlo medicino In a
lot of syrup, or a small advertisement
entirely surrounded by puro rending
mattor, nud tho surfrago entertainers
nro rriptMvtric nil telnilo of onXIt Ono
day thoy visited tlin Boldtors' Homo
^it fort Orchiiiil, nt another timo
thoy nppuarcii at nn Old Folks' Picnic, whilo Improvement clubs, church
sof'lnlfl and tho llko nro tbo flceno of
tliolr efforts to -entortnln and got In
n      f-'.-fij''     *IJ**7*',-'1 ■•     In     F'i I'fiH     nt    'M**/"* f *-*-' ■"     fr, h
Women." Tlm miffniK*. entertainment
Is going to be n big factor In the
effort of -iho women to sccuro the
pnssftge of tbo eipinl suffrngo amendment next November.
FOR Saturday, Payday, each department offers youvery special payday values, well worthy of'your
.   sideration.. Fall, stock now daily arriving makes it necessary for all summer goods to  he   clea
best con-;
cleared, thus
'7.7making a twofold reason for placing such exceptional values within your reach.   We°mention but a few items, and
,'mvite your inspection of our special payday table offerings, values difficult to equal and impossible to,surpass.
WOMEN'S $12.50 TO $13.50        .
..DRESSES AT $8.45
Plenty of light, airy Dresses will be -
needed during August and September.
Save today on some of the daintiest
Lingerie styles of the.year; Pale Blue,
White, Lavendar and Ecru, Lace trimmed and some Embroidered,.   Traces
of^handling on many, that's the reason -
"of"the mark down, but nothing that a
light iron can't quickly remove.
Regular $12.50 to $13.50,.' ■ *'
Payday Special ...$8.45
SILK WAISTS REDUCED.
. Wash Silk.Waists of various styles.
Every woman who delights in fine
Waists will appreciate the exceptionally dainty, high-class charm of these
and the fineness "of their material quite _
as much as the sharply reduced prices.
Regular $3.75; Payday Special.. .$2.85 ,
. - . i j*
- Ladies' Black Sateen Underskirts, of
good, quality Black Sateen in five different styles with .flounces from "13 to
18 inches deep; are made with plenty
of fullness." * .      ',   -.
Regular $1.50; Payday Special.,..$1.10 '
Two hundred pieces of good quality -
Ribbon in all colors; three inches wide.
Just the Ribbon for the girls.
Saturday, 2-yards for  -25c
STOCKINGS.,
Ladies', Boys and Girls Stockings in
Lisle and Cashmere, in plain and ribbed. Lisle in Blue, Green, Wisteria,'
Gray, Tans and. Black; Cashmeres in
plain.and ribbed.   '.*- - .     •
Regular 35c;°Payday. Special,
4 pairs ...;...$1.00
Special Payday offering in .Men's
Black-Cashmere Hose, a finely knitted
English Hose imported by us direct,
which in a manner somewhat accounts
for our being able to offer.,you such
good value.
Regular 35c; Payday Special,
4 pair ..........'.<?..' $1.00
Men's   Excelda   Handkerchiefs   in
.many fancy designs/extra quality and
good size. ,       '
.Regular 15c; Payday Special,
3 for ....25c
a
waammaaimaamimim^metm^mmmammai^^aeamamamBaaamaaanaaa^aa^mi^ema^HBaaamaaaam
20 PER CENT DISCOUNT ON ALL
FIT-REFORM 3-PIECE SUMMER suits;
. Although the season   is   somewhat
late we have a range of Suits, both the
; pattern and weight being most suit-
- able for late summer and fall wear.
Fit-Reform without doubt is the highest   grade , of   hand-tailored clothing
embodying all that is best in high-
grade ready-to-wear..
For Saturday Selling, Special 20 Per
Cent'Discount.
FURNITURE DEPARTMENT.
Special Payday offering in the Fur- :
■niture Department. Every piece on the
floor reduced in price, for this Special  .
Payday event. .Limited space will only
allow us to mention a few items.   We
invite your-inspection.,
Quartered    Oak,    Golden    Polished,
Leather Lounge, Spring Seat, head and
edge; regular $47.50; Payday
Special .  $31.50
Early English '■ Side Board,\ British
Plate, Beveled Mirror, Leaded Glass
doors. Pull size top, 21x54. Regular
$32.00:  Payday Special........ $23.50
' Men V Patent "Gold Bond" Shoes.
Goodyear Welts,  Snappy Pall styles.
Made of finest quality Patent  Colt,,,
thus insuring durability and comfort.
Regular $5.50 and $6.00; *■ ,
Payday Special -.  $3.75
We have just unloaded last car of-
Preserving  Crawford Peaches,  Pears
and ' Plums.     Later   we   will   have
Alberta  Peaches  and, Prunes  which
will finish up the preserving season.
GROCERY SPECIALS FOR
.-     SATURDAY.
.Toasted Corn * Flakes",' Malta Vita,
Puffed Wheat.and Rice, 3 pkgs. . .25c
Large Hotel Size Cream, per can. .15c
3-pound* Tins "Preserved' Apples, per
tin  7 .:...-....   ..; ...10c-
Dolly Dots Toilet Soap, per box.. .20c
****k*kkkkkkkk*ickk-kickkk*****>Pr**>i
-K
(**********«
FERNIE STEAM LAUNDRY
and DYE WORKS
LAUNDRY NOW OPEN
Dyeing and cleaning department
open September loth. Pine work at.
reduced prices.. "Union Labor."
^ORKS, PELLAT AVE.
"' .  , .',      : Phone 1737'
OP. P. O.
Goods called for and delivered
$********************.**>r*>rX*-*****W>r**W*****W*^
Mk**********************k*********k********k******W
. + t I ' ' *
FOR SALE
Two
Business Lots on Victoria Avonuo.   Tho bost
investment in Fornio proporty yot offered.
$1,000 Each
C. E. LYONS FERNIE, B. C.
Flro, Lifo, Ai-cldont ami Kmployers Liability Insm-imco
i*************************^***^***^^
i
Aro   ymi   ti   tiinimll   onthURlKHtT
I"***. •ndM tn.'*cti»M-*» 11 Hii'l'tny'*.
E30DO C3TIVO.
VI hoiio In InKlilltiirra molte el(
ta cho * frn «Jni,r/io o oltouro nl vuo-
lano coniiilotaiii/'cito per unit eotll-
mnrift o duo. 1j» popolflilo-no c-mi-
Rra In mnsHft al maro o nl montl, a
pamiaro In vacanzm , al fresco. I-o
mrario cimtiimo — cho sonpendc- dl
Iih*.*hj*#*«Uo la vIIh ilk UftU piMNtl —
* .'■   f. ,.
0 nnllchlBBlmo o non ncconnn n cailoro
In (IIhubo.   I rminlclpl rlcovono tutti
1 meftl da cliiflcun padro dl fnmlelln
una contrllmzlono spoclalo al fondo
dl rlncrva per le vacrmro o, qunndo
arrlvn I'oRtntn, la popolazlono omlgm
a hpoho dol -munlnlplo, Oldham, nn
rleco contro doll'InrtuRtrla cotonlora,
ruccoRllo ob'nl anno da { a clnquo
mlllonl dl llro o niacbura da tro a
nuuUro ' mlllonl. La popolaj-lono,
(IIvIhii In comltlvo ill parecchlo con-
I Inula dl poi'dono. parto nollo stonno
Klorno In tronl speclnll cho ul buc-
*,<-. iii tl        .     ■ -^.l-. ..*.
i\.\t*JHU       «4IIU        Ua£»n**i*tr'-        ***        -"'w»" "* »"•
Vn-no ■Wt-.'.-ito, TM-no n VO*h\ nmil
nddlotrn, I plu nl contontavnno ill
pnssaro duo BOttlmnno a Wankpool o
» Yarmouth o In (jUHlcho altra star.!
ono liiiliicnro IiikIoho: um ora niolll al
xpliifrnuo   flno   In   Frnnclo   o   nolln
'(illt.1,0lit,     *lj«Tlllll  thUH'MI.   IKW ■*iiiliAiA*i
di Hurnloy Hfllavano davantl nl prc«l-
donto FallloroH, a Parlgl. Krnno
luttl npnrnl, collo loro mogll o I bambini. Durnnto lc vacanzo, lo citta
dpRorto rlmntiRono nffldato alia cub-
lo.lla dolln pollzla o m tutti pll
ulllil pulibllc.l o pi-Watl c ttffliwo im
mnnirpmn colla scritta "Chlu»o per lo
var aii*r.c_" . .Naturalmcnt^. do noo
iirctitlo nclli. Krnndl citta, davo U
Bospouslonc dolla vim clltadtaa, anctio
per una >ti((mnnfl, nar-ebbe Iropo**1'
b\]o. Ma, spcclalmenio nel Ijinea*-
hln\ non v'o quasi pacta ill provlncla
the non soqua 1'antlco cottum*.  Coil
II 'TbAtftW- Wftttkly."
ir -A JL_r _f\ v/ Jl_#
Barber  Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
First class work (juaranteed.
Drop In and convince yourself,
n-izor Honing a Specialty.
G.   RADLAND,   Proprietor.
A City is Known
By its
This is no\ mere figure of speech. ' Tho'stranger
flees(the:unlightcd town as he would the grave-
yardland- for much "the° same .reason■;".
Of
Hang   Out   One   of   My
ELECTRIC   SIGNS
.  ■ • o  „ i. ,
Every'one of my signs twill help your busi-
'• noss   and   add to tho   prestige;of the" town
The Lack ofthe Electric Sign Means
Business Stagnation x
Phono 17
T.   B.    HOWDEN
Qoncral Electrician
P. O. Box 354
NOT  RESPONSIBLE  FOR
HIS WIPE'S DEBTS
i will not bo responsible for any
dobt contracted In tny namn by my
wlitf Mary McDonald or Mary Itsrr
from thin dato an sho has lett my bed
and board.
1  _      HECTOR McDON'AM.
Koaoior, H. C,
M' '     '    .
Maeleod
0
Alberta
"Within tho noar future McLeod will
hnvo four railway** limiting'it the railway contor of Southern Alborta,
Now iH your oportunity to Noeure
lotn in Parkview at prcHOiit priei's, $75
for inside lots, ift8& for corners; $lf)
p«.v lot down. #5 inontlily, without
interest.
Porkviow within ono mile from Ijuhj-
ncsH Hcetion and pontoffioi*.
Parkview faees river, all loin aro
hipih nnd dry, never affected hy hitrli
wator,
_
Purkviow i« beautifully treed und
rendy for thc home builder,
ThiH i« positively the host jn'oponi-
. * 1
imki ^oU \\<k\K* wvxn,
Albepta-Kootenay Investment
Company, Limited
lit
ipn**,\..M.4*«&„.., .*-  *

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