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The District Ledger Aug 27, 1910

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'-adustria.- Unity is Strength . j.-
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M.»W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOI*. VI.   Kb. 4
FERNIE,   B. C,August 27th. 1910
$1.00 a. Year
Big List of Events and
A Grand Time Now
official illustrated;.
catholic directory
- "7     Y   ' '-—-"'■ -7''<>  "
" - Rev'. - Father  Mlchels,'-superior  of
the Kootenay district; of Fernie is arranging an official directory of church
missions. Many of these books will
be sent East with the object, of obtaining more Catholic people for this
parish. This book will meet a long-
relt want. Father Michels representative will call upon you shortly for
your subscription. Help the good
work along.
In .addition'to'the program as per
below the Fernie Athletic association
have decided to have the glove contest that.the'Michel sports were not
permitted to* pull off take place here
as an additional attraction. All con-
' testants " are * earnestly requested to
send in tlieir entries at as early a
. date as possible. 7'"    -
.- The    events * consist   of    football
matchos, baseball, etc.
'    l:40-_Hop, step and jump.'
2:00—Running long jump.   '
2:30—Running high jump.
3:00—Tug-of-war (without cleats.)
■-    3:30—100-yard race. ^
;    3:45—Wrestling.
4.15—440-yard race:   '
. 4:30—Squaw tepee.
5:00—Two-mile race.
5:20—220 hurdle!-
" 10:30—Tennis  doubles.
6:30—Quarter-mile pony race. "
6:40r7-Half-mile horse race, (open.)
6:50—Pony race.
7:00—Korse race, (open.)
T-.lO-^-Squaw. '. 7 ■   '
7:20—Pony. ' ' s~  '"
' 7.20—Horse.
The horse race will be run froth the
Bean .'foundry  toTDr.  Corsan's'' residence and tho*pony races from the
Henderson block    to   Dr.  * Corsan's
- house.       c     k(   •* -   .      ' - '■'"
"*v i . -
The House of Lords yesterday delivered judgment in.a case under the
Workmen's „ Compensation Act, 1906,
namely, whether a man who lost his
life by drowning when returning to
his ship, having been ashore upon
his own business without leave, came
within the scope, of the act.   • ^
An action was brought by a widow
in the Manchester County Court, and
Judge Parry found in her favor, and
awarded her £240 and costs. Upon
appeal this decision was reversed, the
court holding that the' accident did
not arise out of or' in. consequence
of the man's employment. ,
Against this decision the widow appealed to the House of. Lords! The
Lord Chancellor and Lords Ashbourne
and James were of* opinion that tlie
accidsnt was caused during the.'man's
employment, and arose out of * it,
though it did not arise in the course
of it. Lord Mersey and Lord Mac?
naghten thought the man's employment had ceased when he ^went
ashore, and .that nothing that .hap*-
pened to him while away could' "bo
said to have happened during his employment. ,
. By,a majority the house therefore
reversed the decision of the Court of
Appeal, and .restored the ' award - of
the county court judge, and ordered
the respondents to pay the appellants
costs both in that house and .below.
Martin   Haller   Deliberately  Shoots "Billy" Palmer to
Death at the Latter's Home—Gruesome Deed
Said to be Outcomeipf an Old Grudge
- In consequence of the inability of-
several players to attend regularly to
, concert will not take place next Sunday ns Professor Zaccaro feels, it his
duty to the public riot to. appear unless the f-qll complement are* thorough:
ly capable of rendering the • program
in a satisfactory ma'nrieR"' ""7.   ?
T__v is attributable, not to any lack
of desire, but "solely, because*1 several
of tho. •members. '.' are-.ojt,' different
Bhlfts"at the-mines precluding .their
regular, attendance at the weekly
practices. It there be any way whereby this difficulty can be overcome the
city council can rest assured of the
hearty, appreciation of the band who
will give their earnest co-operation to
effect" tho needed change.
If this should meet the, eye of J. T.
Ingham, formerly bf Coal Creek, and
last heard of as'.working on the'government road at Fort Steele, he is
earnestly requested to-wrlte to No. 1
there is some information of which
they wish him to' know/ 'l
jAny news-regarding' the* persent
whereabouts of.William D. Atchison,
last >■ heard' of at Coal, Creek, B. -C-,
about two and ono-half years ago, will
be gratefully received by bis-anxious
motherV.Mrs. Schwing,,75.Flood.street,
'King's Road, Chelsea; England. De*
scrlptlon: Scotch, stoutly built; age
about '20, and fresh complexion.
Labor,, journals please copy.    ,.
Saturday evening'when the town
was crowded with people busily intent on spending some of the money
which had been' disbursed that day by
;the coal company to its employees,
a report was current that there had
been a shooting bout at Krag, a small
village on the line of the Great Northern about 20 miles south of Elko, and
upon making enquiries of the police
official's ascertained that the .rumor
was well founded but the details were
somewhat meager, and all we could
glean at that- time was that William
Palmer, manager of the Krag hotel of
which his mother, ifrs. Palmer, was
the proprietress, had' been mortally
wounded by Martin Haller, a rancher,
and lumberjack, who, after committing, \the foul deed,- succeeded in
escaping although _ followed, by Constable ,Wm. Lacey, whom he ordered
back, threatening to shoot, and as the
officer was only . armed 0 with a., revolver,'he had no.alternative" but. io
obey... The', evening train reached
Fernie with the"murdered' man, who
_had_s"ucc_umb_ed__to_his~ Injuries, accom-
... ...,f.
i  *   "jl'...
-,   -,"-**,     '• i
Chase and Captara.of Haller.
As soon as .possible after the report of the murder.reached .the Fernie
provincial headquarters ' Chief   Con*
stable ..Arthur Sampson organized  a
posse and knowing the deperate character of the individual the contingent
went forth fully'equipped for battle
after   receiving   careful,, instructions
how,to proceed.   News was received
that he had' visited Ingram's ranch
near Sheep mountain on Sunday and
. obtained' food  there,  thither  a  detachment '•' was , dispatched.    In tbe
meantime he had doubled back on bis
tracks, and returned to the scene of
,the tragedy," called.- at the home of.
Mr. Sandberg, where he had a meal,
and then strolled-across to the. station at, Krag, -an'^old  boxcar .minus
wheels, where after-, remaining a short
time he took his position in the bushes
on the upper side of the railway.". ■„'
'  Chief Sampson, having been notified,*
hurried back, with his men brderi_g
Constable'Lacey with two  -men  to
proceed round the back of the hill in
order. to;cut off possible retreat. This
they did while the remainder of the
party, remained "under ■ cover,.*fr,om
which,point of vantage they were able
to discern Lacey's*movements and, at
Superintendent Wilson of the Children's home at Vancouver arrived in
Fernie on Wednesday* night for the
purpose of taking six children to that
institution belonging to Mr. and Mrs.
.hinord. Quarreling and -family disturbances accompanied by parental
neglect, caused the authorities to decide that these children would bo better off as inmates of the home than
if left to the tender mercies of those
who ought to be their rightful guardians. <-
Mr. Wilson reports that the children of Mike I-Tudock, sent from Hosmer, are well' and hearty and quite
comfortable in their present surroundings.    '   *
James Boboy, whose back was fractured a short time ago at Coal Creek,
died on Friday morning and the body
Is lying at the Scott undertaking
parlors pending Instructions regarding
funoral arrangements. Tlie deceased
was 35 years of age and lt is bolleved
that his wife nnd family nro on their
way out'from the old land as ho sent
word for thom' to como a fow days
before the accident occurrod.   '
.We are .in receipt ,-of. information
that a colloction taken up on behalf
of Mrs. .Decoux and her littlo ones
has been .successful in obtaining the
Bum of,.$151.10 ,of which Hillcrest
subscribed $18,50 and Frank $132,60.
Mrs. Decoux wishes to express through
the columns of,The Lodger hor heartfelt gratitude to Messrs, Blaise and
Decamps and those who have subscribed to tho fund.
ReV.' 'W .Walton] of tho" Anglican
church, performed tho ceremony at 11
o'clock, on Thursday.morrilng that
changed Miss Mngglo Arbucklo's namo
Into-Mrs. Sam Clark, Botii .parlies,
now ono only, aro" residents of Coal
Crook. \- ■;
Sunday last a.new tlmecard wont
Into effect and below we glvo ti*a
changes■ that "affect'this point:'-
312—9,; 20 a. ,m. Local, eastbound,
313—10:00, Regular passenger westbound.
7—11:40, Flyer, westbound.       ■
,31*1—18:10,     Rcguln-r     passongor,
311*—20:88, 'Local, '•westbound.*.
8—24:30, Flyor, eastbound.   v
U. M. W.  OF   A.
panied by his grief-stricken mother
and Dr. Saunders, of , Waldo, the
physician for that- district..'>r -1* .
This, man Haller 'we learn had bean
employed at.,the hotel and that \ after
his discharge, being of a'! morose
temperament,, had brooded over his
fancied wrongs until ..he .had ."reached
the"'stage of-.homicidial mania and
then*_et.out deliberately on his murderous mission, as he walked Into the
bar-room and lifting his rifle; a 32
special,*' tired two shots point blank
at Palmer,'both taking effect, one penetrating the upper portion of thi
lungs and the other shattering the
anterior portton of tho left shoulder,
this latter wound was no doubt Intensified by the bullet' being Bltghtly
deflected in Its course _ by • striking
the empty shotgun which Palmer had
Bnatched up.
The body was taken from the train
to the undertaking parlors' ot Mr.
William Scott, whilo the poor mother
was taken care of by Mrs, Robert
Duthie, an intimate friend, who toother home whero John, a younger son
working at the Coal Creole mines, mot
his mothor having rocolvod word of
the murdor of his brother.
Tho family is woll known In ,thls
locality, as; tho boyB worked In tho
mines at Coal Crook,-whoro tho mothor kopt a boarding hbuao prior to
taking ovor tho hotol whoro * tho
tragedy was enacted.
In addition to thoHO mombors already montlonod thero is a married
son at Ladysmlth and a married
daughter living ln tho Boundary, who
wore notlflod by.wlro and. attended
tlio funoral whicli took placo from
Christ Church on Wednesday afternoon.   .
tlie ,same time screened from.Haller's
view,,' Sampson, signaled to Lacey but
the. latter with  his <*'two  men. were
brought .to a sudden- halt   as   they
reached the bushes where" Haller was
hidden he fired'a'shot at close range,
all three men'duckingj'and then crept
off; towards-..1 tlie, ."JftiUlway.'track** and
reaching the open space made a dash
for tlie cover on- the opposite side,
but in so doing he was fusilladed as
he ran although' without effect. -. Constable Gorman of   tho    Fernie city
force, who had, been deputized to aid
the * provincial   officers,   and1, Chief
Constable1 Arthur   Sampson   espying
the fleeing man-as he apeared.In an
open space fired; and he then received
the' bullet which wrote '■>'finis" to thc
chapter of this man's career.     -.   -
■   Despite the serious nature of tbo
wound, tho ball,  a hard  nosed  one
from a Itoss rifle, entering below tho
ribs on the left side., and   passing
clean through the abdomen came out
on the right side,   ho   managod to
reach a nearby shack although not
without making   an   , attempt, futile
probably becauso of the pain preventing, to roturn tho officers' fire, After
tho shack was surrounded  ancl tho
building bombarded with kicks from
bohlnd without eliciting any rosporiBO
Indicative of any notico bolng taken,
a" rush was mado for tho door of the
cabin and capturo was effected  as
the* desporado was -found   on    tho
vorandah of the dwolllng lying prostrate but porfoctly conscious with his
rlflo lying beBldo him  which  upon
exnmlnntion was found   to   contain
flovon shells, six In tho magazlno nnd
ono In tho broach.   Ilo was carried
to tho tralii and convoyed undor escort
to Pernio whero ho expired on Tues
day morning shortly after 5 o'clock.
But little is-known of "this man's
antecedents as he has always been
particularly reticent, and although believed to be of German descent, it is
riot definitely  known.    This,   is    a
natural assumption because the name
is to a, certain extent corroborated by
the discovery of tatoo marks on his
right" arm.    There  are  the  figures',*
"1882" and a crown and scroll over
his name "M. Haller," ,which certainly, lends color to the supposition that
he has at some time been in the German service, either in the army or
navy, from which possibly    he    deserted  thus  partially, explaining the
reasons for his silence when the question of his early life entered into discussion.'. '  ■ -, -...*-.,-       i *
After the man had been brought
aboard  the train - it. was_ discovered
that Lacey was -missing, and as he
had not been seen since Haller shot
at him it was feared that some mishap  might  have' befallen, the  Elko
constable, so Chief Constable Sampson and Coroner Bleasdell drove back
from   Baynes   but .were'greatly  relieved to find that he was,.unhurt.   It
appears he fill-into "a-Hole when .he*
was* rudely accosted by .Haller, and
cautiously, and weiided his wayt, back
to Krag shortly after' the train had
pulled out..   ■ '   '"   i. ,-*\'.'-'
-   As Ms, usual at such'times there.are
a number of minor details of .more
or less accuracy in circulation, tilt
the report given-fi*. as'riear the correct-
version of the story as possible;
The only ■ additional information
that we have been able to-glean re
garding the past life of Haller.-Is that
10 or 12 years ago he was working
for the Duluth Ice-company in that
,clty, where he. la-bolleved to have a
brother in tho bakery and confectionery business. After leaving.Duluth
he" wont .to Spraguo, Wash., where
he was; on the police forco, but presumably under an assumed name, and
from utile latter town ho camo to
British Columbia with a gang of lumberjack who had been engaged to follow their vocation In this neighbor-,
hood by, a local firm;
Tho verdict of the Jury empanelled
to.Inquire Into, tho death of W, C.
Palmor find, that ho camo to his death
from rjflo bullotB discharged from a
rlflo In "the hands of ono Martin
Haller, whom we bollovo was nt the
time Insane. And wo, said jurors,
further recommend that In view of
tho fact that tho said Martin Haller,
on or about July 2Cth, 1910, did
mako threats to burn up tho said
hotol and kill both William Palmer
and Bert Rawsoii, tho said throats
having boon duly roportod by Constablo Lncny to Chief .Constablo
Sampson; that n rlgl'll Inquiry bo mado
by thoBO ln authority into tho nogll-
gonco on the part of"Chlof Sampson
In not having tho nald Martin Haller
oxiimlii-ed and arroBtod.
Fairly effervescing " with musical
gems of* genuine merit, in fact PIxley
and LuderVbest offort, "The Burgomaster,' which comes to the Grand
Theater next Tuesday, August 30th,
promises to prove the brightest and
best, of, all the musical shows to be
offered this, season. All tho old
favorites, "Goodbye New Amsterdam,"
"Keep Cool,'*' "We're Civilized Now,"
"The Dutch Cadets," "I Drink From
My Heart to You," "We Always Work
the Public," "Little Soubrette," "Dear
Old College Days," "Rainy., Daisies,"
"Tale of the Kangaroo," "I Love You
Dear and Only You," "Cupid Does Not
Marry," "Modern Gladiator." "Havn't
Discovered Him Yet," "The Hypnotist"
will again be heard as well as several new and original Interpolations
Preparations Completed
To Welcome Premier
Laurier Here
The,fight still continues. The mine
workers stand as firm,as ever and
are showing' splendid a example of
solidarity. The Press is sending out
lying report's in the hope of preju'dic*:
ing the public mind against them.'As
proof of'this-the soldiers tired of the
monotony had -arranged to play a
game of football'wlth the town teams,
composed * of strikers, but it was put-
off because Cowans, the manager for
the coal company, would not allow
the town team to enter their grounds.
Sir Wilfrid'visited Vancouver.   Rep-,
resentatives interviewed the Premlor.
His   reply   was   consistent  with  his
utterances on the floor of the Houso
of ^Commons.
Did he possess musical talent equal
to his oratorical ability he might havo
favored his audience with the following typical song of tho music halls
in the early 80's, using the word
"Japan" in lieu of "Russia."
"With Russia we've quarreled many,
,many times
Concerning, the treaty "of old,
But the treaty is settled and another •
one signed ' -- *
Far better and truer than gold.
A Holy alliance with Russia Is mado
O'er which party feeling must ne'er
cast a shade,
'Twill unite  the two  lands and  encourage the trade
Of the Union Jack of Old England.
Japan has a treaty and has shown
herself to be a factor in the .world'B
doing, therefore we must not injure
her susceptibilities. China, on the
other hand, is weak and is the shuttlecock among nations, consequently
we can Impose a .head tax on her
subjects. '
These characteristics should disillusionize any' entertaining the
thought that impractical sentimentality has* more than a transitory influence upon the class that the Right,
Honorable .gentleman so ably repre-
taking advantage. of- thp opportunity
to study tHe questions "affecting their
well 'being so1 tbat, -while of course
there Is individual suffering, the-opposition "to grant living conditions Is
by no means an unmixed Injury.
According to the_Carleton Sentinel,
N. B„ August 17th was a public half-
holiday for the purpose of holding
sports, proceeds from which go to
tho Campbellton sufferers. When
Fernio was wiped, out there wa3 no
stint to the relief'that was sent ln
and yot now that an opportunity Is
forthcoming to show appreciation are
wo to remain silent and bo regarded
as lngratos? We aro perfectly willing
to do our share and sincerely hopo
that tho citizens will respond to tho
noeds of the eastern sufferers with
llko liberality as was meted out to
Nous venons do recevolr une lettro
nous Informant quo uno collecto falto
pour Mmo, Decoux et sa famille a
produit la sommo de $151.10 do In-
quello Hillcrest a donno $18.50 pendant quo Frank a produit la soldo do
$tH2.60 et nous nous falsons l'lnter-
proto do l'lnfortunoo damo pour ro-
morclor Messieurs Blaise et DeBcampB
et les camarades qui ont donne lours
efforts et lour obolo pour une si
loua'olo cause.
On tho regular mooting night of
tho Fornio lodgo , on Tuesday last
three ranks wero conferred on candidates ln readiness to undertake tho
trials and troubles Incident to going
for water via tho Dokay routo on
Monday next. Information was rocolvod from Socrotary Gus Moose that
tho mombors of thp Spokano tomplo,
D. O. K. K, would bo horo In forco
and vigor on tho 201.1).
sents7 because-bot_~liis wordf~and~
actions, stripped of verbiage andrbfna-
mentation, demonstrate tbat the rule
and guide, of his conduct is "la force
majeure," therefore if 'the. working •
class are determined to'put an end
to a condition of ^ffairs which makes
them a'• consideration7'.secondary to
trado Interests tliey must become^ tbo'
major force.   ''"'     ""   "       ' 7,   "* *
John DorlgoUl Is now so far on tho
rond to recovery that lt Is oxpoctod
that lio will soon be ablo to go back
to work. This Is lho young Italian
who was burned about tho faco and
chont early this month, owing Co his
lamp (open) Igniting tho residue of
a gasoline cask which hnd boon sont
Into his placo for him to pour wator
Into In ordor tlmt his working plnco
bo kopt tiB dry as possible,
Special Session  Called   for  Indianapolis Concluded--Men tb Pay
Assessment of $1 a Week
After a woeic'R debating ln which
Homo vory exciting Incidents had occurred, on the 18th John Mltcholl
having tho floor .declare. In tho
courso of his Bpooch that tho action
of tho exocutlvo with roforonco to
Illinois wnn a violation of the principle tlmt, onch district should havo
local government. Tho compromlso
ottoroiX ho nnlf! fnrChor, tonic away
the right to strike... It should lmvo
boon rejected aud a roforuu-Jtuut vctts
liavo boon taken. Pronldent LowIb
■olcudcd for unity.
During tlio dny'n dlsmiMlnn tumult-
mm rtlBordor broko out when President
t ,-..■«,. »i'(wnt«*i fn bjioiV frntn tb<*>
chair In reply lo Secretary McDonald
of Illinois and tlioro woro cries from
nil over tho houso, "Put Hayos In Iho
chair, Hayes, Hnyos, Ilayes."
Samuel Gompors attended,nnd was
Rccordod ft seat on tho platform, ond
wlin-n Mllr-d upon to mako a -speech
said In part: "I am In this city to
confer with President Moyer nnd
others wllh reference to granting n
charter In tho A. F. of I* to tho W,
F. or M., «.«■<! exprcieed the hopo that
a mlno deportment might soon bo
crontod In tho A, Y. of I* which
wonld comprise belli iho !ns,ir«Tfal or-
prnfimtfrtfl't of mino wnrhern."
The Cool Operator-*, aaaoclatlon
hnvo boon mnldnir « big bluff nbowt
Importing scnlis to tnko the plnee
of tho Illinois Htrlkors, but it has not
tho BlIgbtoBt offoct on tlio minors,
except to bo to Incroaso their determination, If It bo poBBlblo to In-
crGrmo It, to fight this quostion out
to a finish.
Thn cost of tho convention Is figured nt $7,000 a dny, DlHtrlct President J. P, Whito added fuol to tho
fl-irn-M- hv cnlllntr fnr thn roHlffnntlon
of Lewis, but Uto remark of Dologato
bUUiiptj uf Minaouil Citaici a txiar xi[
laughter when ho remarked, "I don't
want you men to not mo Ijinornmnsed
on (lis hero question."
John Mltcltoll. ln tho courso of a
oTinnoVi mndo nn tho Iflth. rtf>ft»ndild thn
position taken by tho Illinois men
slating Hint Iho action of tho convention wns "Unwise, unprecedented
and unauthorlrod by the constitution
of tho U. M. W. A." Thero wero
two features of tho compromlso which
ho stlng-ln-ily condomncd—ono tho
clauso requiring minors to contlnuo
nt work pending no**, tlnti-lons nfter
tho expiry of tbo contract period, and
the provision allowing operators to
appeal irrlevanc-is to the International
Mocntlvi*** board. Th» first provision,
ho snld, would weaken thn miners In
cat* of a -dif«Rr««m«nt'with Ihe
operators and lhe second violated the
principle of district nntonomy.
On Au-pist 20th It waa decided to
nsBeafl each employed minor $1.00 u
n wook for the support of the strikers, Comploto Indorsement ot tlio
Intornntlonnl officers and osocutlvo
board woro tlio fonturon of the report
of a special commltteo. AIro It waB
rocommondod thnt (ho convention
fully Indorse-, the IHIiioIh strike nml
tho BtriiRBloB In 'Mio othor rllstrlclH.
At tho mootliiK of Aiwmt 21st lho
"InBUi'R-entB" gained a Hwonplng victory. Tho resolutions direct tho In-
torimtlonnl to count tho roferendum
voto Bubmlttcd to tho Illinois minors
and to accopt tho results as final.
Prosldont Lowls rulod William Clreon
out of order and .IiIh doUwilo former
president of tho Ohio mlnorn appealed against tho decision of the chair
, whoroupon John Mitchell was cnllod
Ito act and upon puttim. mo iikjuoii
i .      . • .« _..___     ,.i. ____■■_ .■%     ■*.,.
a* to wUiUu llm thulr i'l'i/uld bv
sustained tho lollcra' count showed
G37 (o 445 nttnlnst sustaining tho
chnlr. Although beaten tho LowIb
ndhoronts cnllod for a roll of tho
•hm-mr-i which took up all the afternoon. Thoro Is ono clnuso In tbo
Or eon substitute and thnt Is tho recommendation that International organ-
hers be withdrawn, $14*4,000 weekly
Is" the nmount figured thnt will bo
needed to keep up tho fight In the
striking districts.
To sum up tbis Is the result of tbe
l<en-_tti ol MhHHioti. 10 ilHyt*,
Delennt-fs, 1,1*17.
Cost, ap^roslmntcly, $100,0*0.
Action, Walker upheld, Lewis turned
President Thomas L. Lpw-b accuBod,
In a Mttnr upooch, tho "IHIiioIh ot
flclnls of hnd fnith and rUomptlng
to disrupt tho union. Ho cnllod John
11. Walker and Whito "liars." Walkor took iho floor In reply and "gave
bnck an strong a spooch an that directed at lilm. Lowls threatonod tho
oxpiilHlon nf the IHIiioIh ofNclulH ami
Walkor (hired hlm to do It.
ImllnnnpollB, Auk. IiI.—Ab wiih oxpoctod Prosldont Lowls liml nn opportunity to give bin Bide of tli'-
Illinois controversy today. At tho
doao of ycstdiility'H hiihkIoii tho roll
cnll of ilclonntoH hnd not yot boon
I'omplotod. LowIh oxpticlu to Hhow
that nomo of tlio dolognlns yostordny mndo incorrect sl.nlomenta.
I MomborH of tho International oxecu-
I tivo coiii in it (fo wiu ukpiaiii li-ui- «_
Doux iu r<,*..n*i1 In im-lntf Dw nfloji-
linn of the- compromise nirmnm-nnt,
President Walkor of the IHIiioIh district mndo n atrong roply to LowIb,
ns bo hnd asked (or tho opportunity
to hnvo the floor for Hint purpose.
Lewis and Perry st Outs
Indianapolis, Ind., Att«. 16/~Tho
lnnff etpMted tftpht on ihe floor of
th# miners' convention   rnmo " today.
Thoro Is friction between Thomnj'*
L, Lowls, president, and Edwin Porry,
iiecrotary-trensurer, following Ixiwls'
ejection of Porry from his offlco Into
Balurdny. Tho discord botwoon the
International officers, which reached
ii clinuix vtb'-n M-irclary l\rry trill-
el-led tho administration In Ids flnnn-
cini i-.-ii-.-r', hiulu In a;i open verbal
clnHh when Perry went to Lewis' office*- on buslnoHS. Perry left when
ordered out.
Mitchell Is Present
John Mitchell, formerly president of
thu  United  Mlno Workers, Is  here,
jnn-t was    loudly    t:b«-ufe«l w\nm  h~
r-ntr-r-fd and took n teat among the
iloloRntoH, In a brlof apooch from
tho floor Mltcholl urgod a cont In-
uanco of harmony among momliern
that provallod during hiBadtnlulHtra-
tlon. Tho convontlon Ib waiting on
tho speeinl eommltlr-o, which Ih ox-
penlod to roport tomorrow,
8eo a Victory.
A victory for HIIikiIh was prixllcl-nd
nmong tho several dolegntcH iih n in-
milt of the prcHoncn of John"Mitchell
on the -.'onvontlnn floor, Mltclioll'H
official ri'lMtloiiH with LowIh nro
known to bu unfriendly. Howovor, bin
tiloKo frlomls do not b-lluyo tho former prosldont will tnlm an oHIvn pnrt
In thn nntl-LuwIn fight unless drawn
into It.
Mitchell represents Wstrlct 12,
Spring Valley, 111. Mitchell expects
to mont with President Moyer, of tlio
Wostorn  Fodorntlon || of Miners, ami
■ru.niii  .it   U'Cvuncll   ,ill   *,!.<.-   JliUlllU
tlonal Miu-IiIiiIhIb' union, in nn effort
tn nfflllnto the western miners with
tlio Amerlcnn Fodorntlon of Lnhnr.
Pureed la Cheered.
All   "llptll.lf      1111*111 htrO      A      M.rt\v.UH:ll'i
mndo by M. F. Piircell, mombor of
tho Intornntlonnl exocutlvo board
from Montana,* yostordny, that ho "not
only opposed tho Illinois c oitipronilsa
proposition, but eaiiscl Dr. ndoptlon
of an nmendm-gnt to r■;-..»r ll» com-
im-mls.- lo tho.' Illtnol* '■•ll.op.i for
ndoptlon or rejection."
Thi- pfn'omont bronnht nonrly hnlf
of tho (k'U'finU-8 to tbelr root In tbelr
enllitiKlasm over tlio position takon lJJr
Proslilont L<-wl» snld:
"Then- U ono man In this convention that you are not Kolnr-. lo cxclto,"
,*.ti.i U-. "mul Ibal'ti Uvu mau v,t*u t.i
holding tho Jtavel."
Slav's Brutal Assault on Hosmerite-
Victim at Hospital and it is
Expected He Will Die
" Mlko Ma/.ur of Mlchol was broiiKht
up to iho city this week (.hftwd with
tlio unlawful wnundln-. of n follow
coiintrymun at Hosmor,
On Thursday ho apponrod beforo
,1, H. T. Alexander, R, M.. when Mm
ovidoneo wns kUoii Mini thu aceum!
J-mnit-yi.il up lo Mlchol nnd ciilllnii n<
Hlmok -15, oecnplnil by n fellow coun-
Irynuiii nnmod Aleck limitn, doiimiul-
cd the Imiw-dlnto pnym-mit of hoiw
monoy owIiik hlm nml when told that
wlillo It wan Impossible to pay lho
entlru num at onoo still lio would kIvo
i  • *.■«     *   -in     iiti.t    Mir*    l-icil't n oi\    *\ti
»••"**•    •—    »* ~*        v    ■
(pilcldy an posslblo.    This, however,
did not suit Mir/iir nml ho heaped a
lot of iiIiuhi! upon bltl debtor nccom-
pnnyliiR IiIh words with slnpB with his
open hand, ami while Honta wns try-
lnK to n»-*L ix-.xix;'  UtiM hit n*ii'.;ill:int
and hnd  IiIb attention  for the mo-
i mont diverted Mniur pu-Uim!    up   n
jdoublo bitted axo and without further
ado «trti(k blm n fc-arful blow on the
head felling hint to the nround where
ho Kty bruls-xl and hloedlnt; csilllnc
for liolp.        Tbo ftoclnr wan font for
j hurriedly and upon making an ex
nmlnntion of the Injured rniin found
that tlio from nl bono Imd heen
KiniiHlied and four nrlciios cut. Tho
mnn Ih nt. prow-nt lyltut nt, tlio Hns-
uier hoHpllnl In n very proenrlmiH
ciiiiilllfoii, mid In coiiHoqiieiu*-.' of llio
-HIKI'lll]'-    flltlll   lel'lllllllltloil     of     tliin
diiHtnrdly alliiclt MiiKlsiruto Alnxmider
;xt Dw. ronuoHl of l-hlef Hampnon, re-
ntniiileil the ciikc until next Tuemlny,
| I lie  ,'iiilli,     111   lliu  mcailtlltltt   <nu  uc-
""■'I !■■
.Every effort to lmvo A. IVooU"**:, wbo
l',,M, ..I I I 'I I , . I tl
 '    -'■'•••    ■•   •	
has, been wll hunt success, linUcud,
howi'vir, of boldlns Mm enso over
until tlm October nBHlzcH, » Hpuclnl
seflHlnn hns been docldcd upon and
ho will ciiuio up for trlnl nbout ilio
7th of tioptr-ml-nr.
Tlioro hnvo lioon si)im> (nfnrm-il
siiciJi'stioiiH mmlo (hat It mlxht bo a
U'iidiI idnn to lmvo a "Decmix" dny
threuRhoul Hie district.
KitnIcis nn iihiiuI nt the Ilnptlst
church Sundny. Pimtor Spidell will
proncli nt 11 n. m. on "Commcndnhl-
F('rK'-tfulfit'K.s," and nt 7:".'o p. m. on
"Th<^ Mlonrrt of f;n,»." K\*rfhndy in
welcome. s'7- •" ."-. :*. '• ^V-'' ■-■■■■■'■ .;,;.v   "
,r> '
Issues in South
Africa's First Election
There has been a flood of oratory
this week all over the country. Th<j
Unionists have been especially busy
- in Johannesburg and, in the towns of
the Cape Province, ' Everywhere
Unionist organizations are' -being
formed, and in each case the, old
members of parliament for the district
are taking the lead and insisting on
the necessity of taking up tbe challenge which the Union Ministry has
thrown out ancl fighting tbe coming
elections on strict party lines. Far
the * most conspicuous speech,*** however, which has been made during tho
week is tbat with which Sir Percy
1 .tzpatrick ' opened    bis    campaign
* against General Hotlm at Pretoria
East. Sir Percy . itzpalrick is acknowledged by his most severe
critics to be a first-class candidate
in an election. His contost against
Sir Richard Solomon, when bo won
his - seat at Pretoria against very
heavy odds, was a triumph of personality,
, Fitzpatrick ana Botha.
In opening bis present campaign
against a still more formidable opponent, be showed that bo has lost none
of his skill on the platform, lie begun with a,reference to a personal
matter. Mr. Esselen, a leading
Pretoria barrister and General Botha's
chairman of committee, had alleged
that Sir Percy Fitzpatrick had told
him more than once that lie would
not. oppose General Botha. To' tnis
assertion Sir Percy gave the lie direct, fie characterized the assertion
and the idea which il embodied as
■fantastic;" and added a sentence or
two of excellent banter directed
against Mr. Esselen himself, who liad
taken the chair at General TBotha's
meeting in Pretoria East a fortnight
ago: "When his good' friend Mr.
Esselen took the chair and invoked
the name of the Deity, and showed
that by Divine guidance Het* Volk
were going to get another seat, really
he thought he must be reading things
amiss. There was his old friend ap:
' pearing again in his old capacity as
a wandering, chaperon. ,1-Ie'had found
a new,,debutante to escort. He reminded him of tlie story by Owen
Wister, 'The Virginian.' They remembered the story of the hen Emily.
-She had-,no political family of-her
own. She used to'sit upon anything
from paving stones to puppies. If she
happened to' strike a real egg it was
only by „an accident."    No one who
will underrate the effect of chaff of
tbis kind at the beginning of a political speech. But the full flavor cf
the jest is lost upon those who do
not know Mr. Esselen in his genial,
ubiquitous, * and rather elephantine
self. Sir Percy, however, soon took
his audience - on to more serious issues.
The Ministry and National
_   Convention.
The   gravamen   of  his   Indictment
of the    Botha    ministry,    with    the
party complexion, was that the wh'.ilo
settlement  of  the  National  Convention had Implied, not only In Its final
form but throughout the discussions
which led up to tho settlement, tho
formation of a non-party ministry at
thn initiation of Union.   Tho pason&o
of tho speech In which HiIb thesis is
developed is remarkable for its logic
and its detail.   Tho conviction which
undorlles it Is unmlstaknblo, and it
hns mado   an   enormous Impression
throughout South Africa.    Nevertheless, although Sir Percy gavo chapter
and vorse for his contention that tho
tormatlon of the Union Ministry on a
party baRls was a direct violation of
tho understanding, thnt had underlain
the wholo settlement arrlvod  at by
tho National Convontlon,    ho    gavo
Goneral Botha personally ovory credit
for n slncoro doslro to form a non
party ndmlnlstrntlon.   "Ho could not
glvo Gonornl Botha too much credit
for tho effort.   It might bo bad policy,
It might bo an unconventional thing,
to crack up one's opponent, but ho
would not dotrnct from   tho   broad
kindly assurance,  the generous disposition of tho mnn bocauso of tho
offortH he had mado ln tho past.    ,   .
Goneral Botha was porfoctly elnccro
In those negotiations, but ho broko
down nt tho finish and changed his
mind,    Ho changod his mind undor
jiroHHiiro."   Tho dntormlnatlon of (Jon-
oral Hotlm to fight tho Boat nt Pretoria Kast wns tho best sign of the
oxtent lo which Gonornl Hotlm Imd
changod IiIh mind nml tho bont ovidoneo of the amount, of pressure that
Imd boon brought to honr upon hlm.
Ilut wlml wns tho Inevitable rosult of
the emitr'Ht at I'rotorln Hast?
The Pretoria Contest.
"HuppoHv," he mild, "tlmt Pretoria
lOnst were won thorn would bo mnny
otlioi'H lust on tlm mum* ground
throughout. Kimtli Africa, Nolhing
hud occurred to Himke tlio peopl-,*'**
cnnfl'loiK'i! moro Minn, that. Ho got
Lenps ul' b-tiui-H from ollvr people In
South Africa, and in those letters
there was a most unpleasant and
pathetic repetition. He had stoojd bail
for General Botha and his good intentions, he had guaranteed General
Botha's sincerity of purpose about
that fresh start of non-racialism, and
therefore he would have to go back
and give aii account to them, and be
would do so and speak perfectly freely. He got from every part of South
Africa this curious and pathetic inquiry: 'What am I to say? Every
man I meet turns to. me, and says I
told you so.' They knew an injury
bad been done, a crime had been
committeed which people ■ would be
slow to forget or to forgive. He
could hardly express himself to them.
Was he to turn round to them and
say, 'You aro right,' or what was,, he
to say to a prominent man on the
other side who had said,.'He is humbugging you,' or 'He is humbugging
us,' or what was he to say to another
.who said, 'You are not slim enough
for thom,' or to dozens or * scores of
them or to his own colleagues, whom
he had estranged and tried to the
last extreme by advocating that
cause if they should reproach him?
But they did not reproach him, they
bad treated hlm gonerously. They
understood his motives. He did not
regret what he had done. He would
do it again. It might hurt his personal vanity to be taken in. But he
would rather be taken in ten thousand time's over if he could do one
atom of good to the country." *
Position of Unionist Leaders.
That, indeed, is the most serious
part of the whole bad business. Men
who, like* Sir Percy, have been trying
their best during the last 18 months
to convince English South Africans
that their deep-seated suspicions of
the Dutch were groundless, are now
being reproached and taunted in exactly the-way whichj Sir Percy describes. But it is something at least,
to be able to feel that no blame for-
the recrudenscence of racial feeling
whicli is certain to accompany the
elections can attach to the * Unionist
leaders, who went to the farthest"
lengths of self-humiliation in their
desire to keep alive the spirit of mutual good will which made union
possible. It is the great merit vof
Sir Percy Fitzpatrick's speech that it
stated this* issue • with such' plain-
spoken dignity. , That, is the note
which has sent it ringing through the
whole of South Africa. The rest of
the speech, which was moro germane
Jn-an-elPetiQ****-emitnet _n __ Xiavaerw^.-
be left unmentioned. The portions
which I have quoted are a reply to
the challenge of the Botha Ministry—
a reply whose dignity and sincerity
are acclaimed by all those who see
their hopes of a non-racial future
dashed by the composition of General
Botha's ■ Ministry.-—Special'. Correspondence from Cape Town to The
London Morning Post.
All  Building  Operations  in City Are
Tied  Up as a  Result. 7
WINNIPEG, Aug. 27,—Tho ultimatum of lho Builders' Exchange to the
bricklayers and masons expired on tho
19th nnd as there woro no men at
work for tho Lyall-Mltchell company,
a lockout of nil union'1 mon went Into
Somo 500 men aro directly affected
but tho lockout will practically tie
up all building In tho city, and ns
thero aro millions of dollars worth
of work undor construction tho trou-
blo coming at this rush period Is a
most serious matter,
Nolthor tho mon nor tho contractors
can afford to ontor a prolonged fight,
It Ib admitted, and it la bolleved that
thoro will bu an early settlement of
tho difficulty, which Indirectly In
volves many thousands of members
of tho allied building trades.
Who said,* "It's Saturday afternoon!"
Methinks.it must be some gone coon,
Who doesn't know \what   memories
And how one's inmost thoughts take
wing "
Heedless of. the task iu. hand,
At the mention of that magic time
We used to quit work prompt at noon;'
You bet it was a priceless boon—-
A Saturday afternoon iii the long ago.
A quick rush home, a hasty meal,
Then with the help of a trusty, wheel
The  crowded  town  with  its  clatter
" '*'°     arid clang,
Traffic's rush and street cars twang
Was soon left fan-behind.
Under whirling wheels the miles soon
sped, ;
And just as quick the moments.fled
As we watched the hedge rows quietly
An endless row along each sldo,-
With the white road straight between.
When limbs were tired and throats
were dry,
A welcome rest we'd surely spy,
Amid the trees—an inn so cool
Nestling bosido a shady pool,
Gray stone built with roof of thatch—
Sure now it's' liko you couldn't match
In all this continent.
In parlor dim, but spotless clean
From fresh sawdust to oaken beam
We'd gently cry, "Say, Mary, dear,
Just bring us in a quart o£ beer,
Nut  brown's  tbe  shade  we   greatly
prize,   ,
In pewter^pot of ample size, '*
Fresh    drawn,   from    cask   marked
-.    "XX" '   - ',
"Well, here's our .very best respects."
Right  through the- years with  their
,-  care and toil, -, -
Right, through the * years  with  their
ceaseless moil,,
Fresh    as    the    hawthorne , blossom
As the rich green grass in" the ,warm
sunlight;   '■ *    *
Clear as the stars on that summer
• "night   '
When the cool moon shed her silver
light .      '       .
Keen comes that memory
Of a Saturday afternoon in .the long
ago. ~ ',
—"Jim Crow," Michel, B. C.
tons in sight/arid it can be _mried',by
adits without sinking shafts. -.The'
mining rights' have been', purchased-
by,Mr.-Webster of the Durban -Tlnion
Coal company, but Mr. Grove," in explaining the" position said, "I inserted
a condition,, accepted by the. owriers.
that the purchasers shall be bouridHo
offer to, the British admiralty and to
the Canadian; Australian,. New Zealand, Indian, South African Unibn.,and
the Rhodesian governments a prefer;
ential free call on as much, coal, as
either, or every • government may * require for; naval purposes, at no more
than 5 .per cent above the cost of
production. Mr. Webster's financial
friends'* agreed to the reservation, so
that the navies of the ^empire may,
if tliey accept the call within the next
two years, be able to secure coal at
a small cost, which 'will not be increased under any circumstances.
"What has an inland country like
Rhodesia to do with such'a scheme?
Why, my Idea is that it may'wish to
do something to help the empire in
time of stress, and if it could not supply ships to the navy tt could contribute coal to it. When you remember "the scientists attribute a,'life' of
only somo 200 years to' the Welsh
smokeless coal fields, the value of the
Utrecht coal Holds to. the empire
scarcely needs emphasizing., Thc preliminary arrangements are being'made
to-approach tho governments concerned, and in the'1 course of a few
days Mr. Wcbster'and I hope to po
able to placo tlfe offer fully before
the British govftpment."
An interesting .oversea visitor here
just now is Mr. Daniel Grove of
Natal, who has come to London to
develop an Imperial scheme of considerable value, says a London cable.
His idea put briefly,'is to secure>for
the' imperial" navy free access to' the
rich, coal  fields" of Natal .at  a* low
minimum cost. ; 77
"Mr. Grove, ln an interview with a
press representative.explained that he"
is a descendant of pioneers. His
great-grandfather was with Nelson at
Trafalgar, It was his grandfather
who introduced bobbin mills into
Ireland from Scotland and.his father
was foremost in the mining industry
In Bendigo, New Zealand, Mr. Grove
iirst became associated with' Natal
eight years ago, when he left London
in charge of an expedition to Central
Africa. Whilst on his way from
Naples to East Africa ho became
acquainted with Mr. Eloff, the late
President Kruger's son-iii-law, who
drew his attention to the posslblll
ties of the coal resources of Northern Natal and the Eastern Transvaal,
and thither he was Induced to go. to
study tho coal deposits. After nearly
soven years of pntlont and caroful
investigation, Grove discovered three
seams of excellent coal ln the Utrecht
district. Why should it not bo utilized
ns an empire coal field, and na a
feeder for tho Imperial,.navy? That
Is tho subjoct which Mr. Grovo Is
pursuing. Ho wants Great Britain _o
avail herself of tho flno opportunity
now afforded hor, before Germany
might do bo if sho had tho option.
The Scheme.
Embraced in 40,000 acroo of land,
tho coal field contains, according to
tho estimates of experts, 700,000,000
A leading attraction here this season will be that sparkling musical
oddity "The Burgomaster" with Gus.C.
Weinburgin'his famous original character of Peter Stuyvesant, the governor-of New Amsterdam. Mr. Wein-
burg is one of. those irresistible' fun-
makers that never fall to. keep an
audience ih good humor and laughter, and as this jolly'old Burgomaster
he is afforded so "much opportunity
that a wooden Indian would almost
have to change his features at some
of his* antics, sayings " and ' doings.
There., are three hours of solid fun,
music and song in'this bright.ancl
effervescent musical oddity which accounts , for , its tremendous .run in
New York and'Chicago. " Outside of
Mr. .Weinburg and * the supporting,
cast, the beauty chorus, vivacious
dancers, handsome stage settings aud
accessories, including the galaxy of
popular song hits, are features that
are seldom combined to such. an extent and-sowell handled in a musical
comedy. "The Burgomaster" and his
supporting small army of, fun-makers
will .visit us at-the Grand Theater on
Tuesday, August 30th.    *
ESTIMATED  AT  7,489,781
During   Year   305,037—British
Columbia Haa 321,733
OTTAWA, Aug. 27.~It Is estimated
by lho ccnsuB and statistics, branch
thnt at tho close of tho last fiscal
year on March .11, tho population of
Canada was 7,489,781, which Is nn In-
croriHO of 1105,037 over tho osllmnto
of tho population at tho cIoho of tho
previous flmml yonr. Tho osllnmto Is
modo tip,im follows: Quebec, 2.151,-
0.11; Ontario, 2,087,801; Manitoba,
■1110,111; BiiHl-ith.'liownii, 'I77,r>l'0;
All-min, W'ilM'i', llrltlsh Columbln,
:)21,7-!'J; unocKiinizi-'d territories, r,f.i,**
0,ri0; Immigration not shown by provinces,   lli„S(i2,    Totnl,  7.-I81I.7SI.
According to those flgurus tlio eon-
im:* tu lio luluui lu .lunu, l'Jll, will
•'CM'iil n pniiiiliitloii for tho Dominion
of lii-lwi-on X,0UO,()i)0 mid 11,000,000,
■^a—yreaeiier—i_ame~"ui^a— newspaper
man in this way:".. You editors do not
tell the truth. -If you did you cbuld
not life; your newspapers would be a
failure. The editor replied: You are
right and the minister who will at all
times and under all circumstances tell
the whole ■ truth "about his members,
alive or dead, will "not * occupy his
pulpit more than one Sunday, and
then he will find it necessary to leave
town in a hurry The press and tho
pulpit go hand In hand with whitewash .brushes and pleasant words,
magnifying little virtues into big ones.
The pulpit, the pon and the gravestone are the great saint-making
triumvirate. And tho 'minister went
away looking very thoughtful whilo
the editor turned to his,'work, and
told of tlio unsurpassing beauty of
th«. bride, whilo in fact she was as
homely as a ihud fonco.
Best materials only used
and flrst dims workmanship ensures
A Good Job
JOE . ALVO     How roon Block
A Poor Weak Woman
As ilie It termed, will endure bravely ond patiently
•ttonlei whloh n strong m«n would -(ive way under,
Tbf tnrt U wftmpn *rr mnrr. niilfnt it,-.- tl..,. j.,,vl.j
to be under such trouble*,
P.very wonun ought to know Ilut the miy obtiin
the mo*, experienced medical advice frt* ef thro
and in tilnolutr nnfidtnet snd privacy by writing to
the World's DUnentary Medical Auociitior*, R, V.
fierce, M. I)., I»reiident, IluflTalo, N, Y. I)r. I'ierce
Imi been chief cmnulling phyiiciin nl the Invalid.'
Motel snd Surglcr.l In-trltiili-, of Iluffi-Fo, N. Y., for
many yearn and liai lud a wider practical eiperiane*
In the treatment of women'* di»e**e« than any other phytleitn in thli country,
Ui. uicUitiite* »re -worl-i-Umuu* lor their attoniiliin-t elheacy.
The moat perfect remedy ever de-rUed for week gad del.
cat* women le Dr. Pierce"* Verctite Prescription.
Tbe many end varied ay-mptomi of woman'* peculiar ailment* tre fully Mt
forth fn Plain Rnijlf-ili lnth* Pmptr '* Medical Adviner (10OH pii|(et), a nenty
revlicd and up-to-date Edition ol which, cloth-bound, will be mailed frit o«
receipt ol 50 one-cent tfampt to pay co»t of mailing eely,   Addrrn ai ahoy*.
SEPT. 28, 29, 30th
Thoro Is nothing to provont Fornio boys and girls from ontorlng for tlio
following competition:
Division L
CInBs , FlrHt   Socond
1301   Drawing, pon and Ink  2,00 1.00
1.102   Oil painting, landscnpo ',  2,00 1.00
lHOil   Oil painting, mnrlno   2,00 1.00
1H04   Oil (minting, still life   2,00 1.00
130!*-   Walr-rr-olor, htlll lifo   2.00 1.00
IJJ00   Watorcolor, landscape  2.00 1.00
KI07   Prult or flowors, from naturo, wnlorcolor  2.00 1.00
1.(08   Krult nr flowers, from imttiro, oIIb ..,  2,00 1.00
liliili   Wood carving  t  2,00 1.00
lillO   China painting ' ,,. ,,,,.. 2.00 1.00
Kill Drnwing, crayon or pencil  ; *, J.00 JiO
I'll? Drawing, IH'ii anil ink   1,00 .50
I ill.'I oil pnlntlinr, InndHciipn, ole  i.no no
IliM Oil painting, still life ,  1,00 .R0
i.'i'il U'-UUUUUJl*,  iilll*.IM'UlH)  J.uO ,1,0
Killi W'lilfKolor, Hllll lifo  , ,, J.00 .(10
1ftl7 Fruit nr flowers lu wntorcolors  J.00 ,50
IMS Frnll or flowers in oils   1,00 .150
11119 Pyrography In wood, lonthor, otc  1.00 .50
XVftt    Tiornrntlvn Tinltittno* ';     ■too rt\
V.121 l-Viimaiiship, boys 13 or under ,    1.00 ,       .50
1322 Ponmunshlp, girls 13 <ir under ,    1.00 .50
1323 Penmanship, boy undor 0 yonrs ,    1,00 .BO
1321 Penmanship, girl under 0 yonrB ,    1,00 ,60
1325 Map of llrltlsh Columbia by any pupil undor IC years
nttondlng srlmnl , ,,   2.00 1.00
132fi   Fi-wlnim) drawing by nny pupil nndnr U, yonrn flfti»nd-
Ing school ,,..,   2.00 1.00
Aiimtiiurs tm- tiintr-rstortd to bo tIiohh who do tint profit or tinbitutiliy
soil or offur for sale thoir productions, and who lmvo not nt any tlmo her-n-
tofore done bu.   Articles cnn only be enlen-d In ono class.
Kvldcnco of originality to bo furnished by exhibitor whenever required
by the Judges nr tbo committee.
Va work will lw awarded a monoy prieo in tho fine arts department
that bas onco tnken a prlxe nt n previous Kamloops Agricultural njsocln-
tlon exhibition, but may show for n diploma:
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
August 6-11.
**.      1 '"'*■*'-     ***-    .        ItMU. .... ' .-<   '   ■
'' J   . , ■ ,■'"•* . 't''^''i
*.yy T^^i^^**58*1 o"
from ruin by-fire is through insurance.    All the safeguards known
* i  ■
are    not    a.  positive    guarantee
against a visit of the fire fiend.
in the companies * we represent is
an absolute- protection against
loss if the .flames , should attack
your place. Better let us issue you
one. today. Tomorrow you may-
have nothing to insure. .
Insurance and Real Estate.
*-, -;-
45 Steam-Heated  Roor
far-Cold Bathe" ,',
;    ^TKe -iKing ^Edward
r   ,; fernie's  Leading  Commercial  Hotel   :
The'Finest-Hotel in East Kootenay*,
J.-L.   GATES, Prop.
Game regulations, 191.0, affecting the Kootenays:*-    7
1. No pheasant shooting
is allowed in the Kootenays.
2. Grouse of all kinds and
prairie .chicken may be, shot
in Fernie and Cranbrook districts '' during- the month * of
October only.
3. Ducks, geeso and snipe
may be shot between .Sept.'
lst and Feb. 28th, both days
inclusive. They may be sold
during the months of October
and November only.       • ,
,4. Columbia or Coast deer
may be shot "between Sept.
lst and Dec. 15th, but may
only be sold between Sept lst
and' Nov. 15 th.' .
,, 5. Elk may not be shot. "
-* 6. No' hunting Is allowed
in the * Elk River game ' reserve. "■■•
Drop in and ask to
see our "Game-Get-.,.,
ter Guns". They
. get them. We alsb
have a snap in a
Double ' Barrel
Hammer less Shot
Gun at $26.00
Hardware  ,   J    J}y QUAIL       Furniture
Fernie Opera House
Movi ng
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
- but "follow , the , sign that "leads'
to this * yard. It is" the best
place we know of lo buy lumber
for a fence, hencoop, barn, or.
rtebuse. y ' y   - . r   r-      ~
/din-dried, the 'best to be had
"and.at lowest prices Is what we
offer merchant; farmer or banker, v Get lumber here and your -
.buildings.will stand the ravishes
' of time' arid will be the kind •
you can point to and be proud of
Phone 23 P.O. Box 22
Kvory man connoctod with mining,
whothor ho Is a laboror, superintend-
ont, mnnngor, mining onglnoor or owner, la Interested In securing Idcna tlmt
will biivo hlm tlmo nnd mnko moro
monny for hlm ,
An orgnnlzalion linn been built up
ut it big oxpomllturo thnt In ncourltiR
the mlnlnR world for monoy mnklng,
monoy savins Ideim,
Tlio prohluma thnl ouo man hns
fnllcd.io hoIvo nnotlior mnn somewhere
nut- hoivcii, dmi 11 is uio work of tli Is
itttilittlliUllM ill ftt^i-Ji OUi. illldillti IflXr
bloniK mid their HOlulIoriH, to classify,
nrrnngc nml simplify them.
Think whnt this monns—It rnoniiH
thut now lt Is possible for any mun
10 secure* thu Idous, tbo scbomus, lho
very working plans thnt.nro bjlilldlng
mining miccobbob ovorywboro,
MIiicb nml Minora to 00 woll known
(0 every mnnnRor, superintendent mid
conl mining official thnt It \* not no-
enmmry to make any explanation of tta
merit for their benefit. Thoro aro
many, howiivor, who me uuwcoiuurii
In Iho country nnd n» they vory prob-
nbly would llko to set ideas regarding
mnttors denllng with tho mining In-
iluBtry, we cnn Bny wllhont fear of
tcmtrh-lktloji that this publication Is
Dw very best ot Its kind.
Wo havo made arrangement* with
lhe publiBherB of Ibis monthly to mako
,  ' ' .- ,        .  '   ■* l    '   '
Be Up-to-date and Equip Your Works with
Canadian General Electric Co.
1 ° •■
Induction Motors
Full Information and Quotations Cheerfully Furnished
Calgary Branch Office;      325 A Eighth  Ave,  West
- t*kk**kkk*********kk*i.kk*kkkkk*kkkkk*kkkkkkkkk*
Save Your Dollar by
Dealing with Us
Wo havo yot a big stock of Summor Goods to clenr
nnd to mako room (or our wlntor stock wo offer you
oxcoptlonnlly good snaps In tho following llnon.
Men's Suits, reg, $18.00
Men's Unclersuits 1.50
Men's Sateen Shirts 1.25
Men's Sox, per pair
To clear $13.50
" " 1.00
" " 75c
"    "      15c
Noxt te Wl-fwniii Cuinly Store
Noxt to Northern Ifoto
*,«.,* r, p„5i..rtiif.i.r|i|„ ''.'l'J'^.^.l'\'"'C''^.,." C'lv.b
blur; nfforR',     (l
Mlnen nnd Mlnornln one yenr.,,,$2,fi0
Tho District I.cdKor ono yonr.... 1.00
lOxamlnntlon Questions for Certificates of Compotoncy In Mining,.3.50
Combination priee $5.90.
Mlnos nnd Mlnornln, for ono yonr
12 big 132 page Issues, and  Tho
District Lodger for ono yonr, -52
Issues, r^gulnr   prlco   for both,
(3X0,  for , $3,00
Mines nnd Minerals, one ycar,,.,f2,r*0
Tho District LcilK-sr one year.... 1.00
Conl end Metal Minors Poclcotl*
book , 3,00
Th* District UtdQftr is the pises to
0->> for your -good work In ths Job
Printing Line.
itt'.vrf..?i.rx''Tt*D?i*i■"'I"-.!"*'! J"**it,''
Tbo fnUfwHif* nor tbo r-nit-iur-t**-, r"*
colvnd on behalf of thlH fund up to
July let:
No,     Locnl Ami,
2850   Konmaro    $ C0.00
2407  Ilosmor 278.00
YM   .Mio  ,  m.iiO
431   nollvuo  ,..,,,,.  250.00
1384  Cnnmoro    50.00
20   Ilnnkhond;  126.28
102  Tnbor    67.00
2540  Kdmonton      4.20
574   Lothbrldgo  , 140.00
10M   Tabor       UM
2820   Maplo Loaf    30.00
2033   Coleman.  C.8.00
2334   Mlchol 057.00
2314   Pernio   225.90
Mr. C J. Kckstrom, Lethbridge 100.00
Trlond (J. ll.)       5.00
A. J. CARTER, Bee. Troas.
District lt U. M. W. of A.
Frank 0103 , 107.00
.1 .-. .'     ,1 .  ."*.   -.
:_.    ~ *•■• &     i. .
Several Towns,   Including Wallace,  Idaho,
;        Practically Wiped off the Map-Loss
■>,r ■ r> --I
"> ofLife arid Property 'Appalling
mencement, containing 640 acres more
or less. Located this 25th day of
June, 1910.
.' FRANK HALEY, Locator.
John Anderson, Witness.
WALLACE,   Idaho,.* Aug.   21.—Safo
for the moment at least, the dreaded
* wind having died down, the people of
'Wallace are looking to tbe hills
" around them through blood-shot, heavy
'lidded eyes, watching forest fires rthat
ring tbe" city around, on every side,
. lest they, should break through and
destroy .the city; Lines of'hose are
, laid ?|long- the "west side of the city,
"where the flrei will strike first if it
comes,, and alf available fire-fighters
7 are being held ready to start work
at once.
From  Mullan  up  the  canyon  re-.
fugees  bring  word  that  fires  have
7 almost reached the buildings and that
"the,water supply may,be cut off at
-any time.   In every direction the .sky
* is red with flames and arising wind
would bring them bere.
The list of'fatalities willrun high,
* just how high no one will know for a
-day or two.   There   are   parties of
f ire-fighters . scattered through the
. woods, everywhere, and it is regarded as a certainty that a great num-
r ber of men must have been cut off
by the flames. It is said that not
■less than 50 have'perished.   .
1      SITUATION.      '•'■:'
List of
Fatalities known at*6 p. m. were:-
Joseph G. Boyd, -father of Captain
. William Boyd, suffocated, iii "his home
on Pearl street while trying to rescue
the; family parrot.'-      '     ,        ^
Two unknown, men " whose - bone's
•.were found in-ruins of the Michigan
- bouse. ■•       -  ■
'   An unknown man-burned to death
' in the Coeur d'Alene house.
- ■ '-William Hearm'ou'th -of'. Winnipeg,
 __, XI LL ...._.*- |h„Ia * .	
"J.irtJ-lI&lll.-sir'SlUBle— i——       ; i-;—**—-
•Joe Fene, firo fighter, single', suffocated ih a'tunnel on Placer creek. *
**     Four unidentified flrej* fighters,suffocated on Placer creek.    	
Fire' fighter, unidentified, burned to
death in woods near Mullan.'* '7' .
,n Reports have reached the forest
» supervisor that a"crew of 12 has been
burned, In a gulch on,Big, creek and
that several groups of' from two to
six'men are missing in different sections on fire. Out of a gang of 16
men who were caught near Mullan
four whose names are not yet known
aro so badly burned that tbey may
die. ■ .   ,.   ,
Hundreds of mon fighting the flames
1. on all'Tsldea of Wallace aro in imminent danger, and rescue parties are
being dispatched where they are most
needed. •
One of the most severely injured Is
Forest Ranger Pulaski, who wa3 ln
chargo of the gang, that,was caught
ln thb tunnel-at Placer creek. He
may lost tho sight of one oyo. Thoro
are snld to bo three'mon undor trbat-
, mont at Mullan for. threatened Iobb
of sight.
Property Loss a Million.
. Instead of shrinking, tho first estimate of looses in tho flro that swept
Wallace Saturday night has nearly
doubled. A local newspaper snyn tho
loss will reach thp $1,000,000 mark.
Sovonty-flvo families, mostly,thoso,of
■workingmen, are homeless and aro bolng cared for ln'Wardnor and Wallace
homes and hotols, .Tho hospitals aro
crowded with fire. Ightars moro or less
sevoroly burned. Tho lnrgest lossos
follows: ',
Coour d'Alene Iron Work foundry
r..: warehouse, $100,000,
Standard Oil company, 120,000.
Coour d'Alono Ilnrdwaro company,
Times Printing compnny, $215,000.
,  WorBtell Furnituro company, $50,000.
Smith and Fisher, $50,000.
Sunsot browory, $00,000.
O, H. & N. now pasHonger Blnilon
nnd row of boxcarB, $50,000.
Pacific hotol and annex, owned by
. W. L, Jnmos of Spokane, $20,000.
► No nttempt has boon mado to list
tho losson of roaldonco ownors, who
numbor botwoon 75 nnd 100,
The principal ronldonco district,
whoro tho more pretentious homos nro
located, was snvod by hernia efforts,
For a tlmo the work of tho whole
flro-flghttng forco, Including evory
able-bodied mnn In tho city, wns
contored on saving tho Wallaco hon-
pltal and the handsome homo of
Angus Sutherland!.  If tho Sutherland
ililtuu iiuU  cuUblil il   nuuiu  Lain.   uUPi
lmpor,nlMp tn -nnve Ibe. bomon In thftt
' pnrt of tho city.
At 0 o'clock tonight tho flro hod
burned luelf out on the hills to tho
■    south and went.  .
Thousands . Im.
Whilo a numbor of women and children wbo fled to Wardner in tha first
panic Saturday night have roturned,
1 yet In evory conceivable convoyanco
pooplo aro flocking from tho flro-
■wept district to places of comparative safely. Special trains made up
of boxcars, baggage cars and a fow
coaches are packed with refugees. At
Wardner and Kollogg tho people have
thrown their homes open wido to tho
Wallace sufferers, many of whom tost
et ery thing they had In Saturday
night's fire. There Is no destitution
here, however, and teemlagly no need
of food snd shelter.   There le littlo
Fifty persons dead in and around
Wallace, Idaho; property loss
$1,000;000..' Fire bas not enlarged
the ' area burned Saturday night.
Mullan* probably safe, but fires
-' Elk, City .reported still unhurried.
Four or more dead in fires near.
Newport, Wash.    .
,   One hundred and eighty men in
"the forestry service are missing in
the St. Joe country.  '      ,
Taft,  Mont.,. has been  burned;
Saltese is surrounded by fire; De
Borga and St. Regis are seriously,
threatened.   Haughan, Mont., is reported destroyed. (|
Solid line of;, fire from Thompson Falls, Mont, for. 50, miles to
Idaho line, with portions * of
Belknap, White Pine, Nexon and
Heron burning.
Conflagration rages in Gallatin
forest, Mont. -Thompson Falls.' is
in peril.   ' "'■....'   ■> '"
Anatone, Asotin county, Wash., is
threatened wltb destruction.
Ymir, B. C, is in danger from
fires which are. burning , in the
bush. -• Other fires are - gaining
headway in that' region, and the
situation is alarming.
; Avery,'Idaho, destroyed and.people flock to'Tekoa.   , -'
"   Fires iii, the .Blue'mountains,,
southeast Washington. ■r.- \.
-Conditions in the Clearwater reserve, are the worst yet. ' '■- *" ' ~
pfople keeping vigil on the street
corners, which the glare from fires all
around makes nearly as light as day.
• The only news has been circulated
by, bulletins and,by word ,of month,
for .both of the local newspapers have
been incapacitated. The Times building- was • destroyed*' by fire - and . the
Press has been cut,off from electric
power. ' Both telephone lines " are
Stories of narrow escapes and stirring adventures come In with, every
group of dust-covered, weary fighters,
House owners aro preparing to spend
the night on the roofs of their homes
keeping tho shingles wet with garden
hose. Luckily the water pressure has
remained, strong,' the supply, coming
by an* underground ,flumo that, the
flames cannot touch. -   •-
sleep In Wallaco tonight, most of tho
Thrilling Struggle In Tunnel.
In-a'tunnel of the old War Eagle
mine on Placer crook, sovon milos
fron. Wallace, 41 men under Forest
Ranger Pulaski -wore packed tightly
together to escapo a.sheet of flame
that swept down lho gulch, They
hugged tha ground and burled their
faces ln the mud on tho,, floor of tho
tunnel until tho flro was by, whon,
half mad from tho heat thoy ran and
throw themselves Into tho crook. Flvo
they left doad In tho tunnel'nnd another, " cut. off from the crow, was
found burned to a clndor.
"I don't soo how wo evov got out
of that tunnel allvo," said Charlos
Hickman 'of, Loods* S.p„ ono of tho
survivors, "Evon tho Vlonos wero so
hot nftor the flro hnd gone by that
wo could not touch thom nnd hnd to
wnllow In tho'wator of tho crook.
When wo woro drlvon,lnto tho tunnel
t soaked my cont nnd vost nnd wrnp-
pod thom around my bond, keeping
my face In tho mud nnd wator as
mueh as I could without nufforlng.
Whon I got up to go out I wnB nearly
crazy with tlto heat. I staggorod from
sldo to side and onco foil • on tho
ground, cutting my ttwo, My partner,
namod Clark, wan climbing bOHldo mo
and Boomed to bo unconscious whon
we left. Ho has not been found and
I think ho must have boon klllod. Wo
drnnk roadlly of lho warm crook
water and It mndo us all sick,"
Between Walls of Fire.
Ills faco completely swathed In
bnndnges, with a plpo protruding
through tho only nporturo, Charlos
Ryan ot Chicago, a member of Forest
Ranger James Donaldson's crow, seven
milos from Mullan, told of tho trap.
Dins ul hit, *_-u<£ htriwim two wuVu
ol fire, from which thero waa no
chance to escape. One mombor of this
crew Is dead at Mullan and 16 aro
In the hospltsl at Wallace badly
"Wo woro backfiring about a milo
from Stevens peak," ho said, "and
woro ovei taken by a fire In our roar.
Running from this we found the wind
changed and woro met, by another
flro, tho two biases trapping us,
Thero was no chanco to run so we
just stayed and took It as best wo
could, Not a mnn In the gang got
oft without some burns."
In the temporary lull afforded today Wallace residents found time to
compare not-tv of the Saturday night
blase, ln only a few cues were
household goods saved, the . wind
amounting to a hurricane and giving
tho flro trriflc Impetus,   Wagons of
every sort were in demand but the"
drivers ventured cautiously' through
the streets, which were full of flying
brands, falling signs and timbers.
There were wild scenes at'the railroad stations when the few departing
trains pulled in. Men fought with
women, and children for places in'the
coaches and windows and doors were
broken down in the mad rush for
safety. A woman who.had secured a
seat suddenly remembered* that .she
had left her valuables in her burning
home and had to be restrained by
force,from jumping through a window.
Another woman brought an enormous
bird cage inhabited by a.parrot. This
was taken from her somewhat forcibly
by' refugees who had held their own
baggage down to bare necessities.
From the smoke and flames in the
residence section on the hill emerged
a begrimed man who bore triumphantly a pair of rubber collars, all
he had saved, and rushed for the
train."      |
Negro Troops Heroes.
The negro soldiers of the Twenty-
fifth infantry,- assigned to protect the
south side of town, fought valiantly
and managed-to hold their own, while
the fire department, with its one hose
cart "and chemical wagon, combined
with citizen volunteers -to , save the
business houses. Mayor Hanson did
heroic work in directing the operations and like scores of others did
not close his eyes all night. There'
were reports during the afternoon
that" several houses had been entered
and robbed during' the panic of the
first night, but the police" failed to
verify this.  ■ 7 ....
=    B^g"A"reaJBurne"d"Over^~,	
The boundaries of last night's con*-
flngration comprise "an area roughly
estimated at six blocks north to south
and 10 blocks - west', to. east, narrowing toward the east. The estimated
losses are approximately $1,000,000.
The scene of the fire was the mecca
today for thousands of visitors, not-
only residents who-fled last night and
returned to visit the .wreck of residences of business^ properties, but
citizens of Kellog, Wardner, Mullan,
.Burke and-other canyon towns, who
,flocked in on special trains and made
sightseeing trips among tho ashes and
embers, -, r '
While many citizens roturned to
•their homes and many who havo no
homes are again ln tho city, trains
tomorrow morning will tako out many
families, who will leave the district
to stay till danger Is past, which will
not be sooner than a heavy rainfall
which puts out tho flro, for a heavy
wind carries firebrands mile and drops
thom In tondor boxes.
-AUGUSTA, Ga.^ Aup-. 14— The action of Governor Brown when he sent
troops into Walker' county ,011 May
26 at the request of a corporation, official* and forcibly and unlawfully deported • men' awho had committed no
crime and were'given no hearing, is
stirring up a storm that is likely to
prove very unpleasant for the governor and for Colonel J. W. English,
president ■ of the Lookout Mountain
Coal and Coke* company, who asked
for the troops.
The Italian government is now moving in the matter, arid It is said that
heavy indemnities will fall on the
company and the governor.
The mine where the outrage, was
perpetrated was formerly operated by
convict labor. Tliey* were so heartlessly treated that .tiie Indignation In
the state was so great that the,convict lease system was abolished.*
Italians were hired in gangs on the
Chinese coolie labor system.
The company entered ,into -a contract with a gang of men to work for
five years, and.under a penalty never
to dig less.than 5,000 tons a month.
The system of payment on the >10th of
of each month was to'com pel .trade at
the company's store. The company
was exempted from all liability in all
cases of injury* to the workers:       , -
On the 10th of "the second month
after beginning work they were to
have been paid $40 each, but the
money was paid in a lump to their
leader. This man betrayed the laborers and ran away with the money.
The workers were in despair and demanded that the company pay them
the money due and refused to work
until the money was paid.
Colonel English.decided to get rid
of the men and telephoned to the governor for troops, and bis demand was
immediately complied with. The men
were all corralled into, a car by the
soldiers witn'out making the least resistance. - They-'were unarmed and
frightened by ...the soldiers and the
threats of.,.unknown, things that the
employers-held over them if they refused to stay away from the mining
district,of the company.
Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date I, Agnes Anderson,,
intend to apply to the Hon. Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works for
a-license to prospect for coal and petroleum ori" the following described
lands:- Commencing at a post planted
at the northwest corner of the Frank
Haley claim, thence North eighty
chains,- thence East eighty chains,
thence South eighty chains, thence
West eighty chains to place of commencement, containing 640 acres more
or less.. Located this 25th day of
June, ,1910.
John Anderson, Witness.
Notice is hereby given that thirty
days after date'I,* Thomas Anderson,
Intend to apply to the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for a
license to prospect* for. coal and petroleum on the ' following described
lands: Commencing at a post planted
at southeast corner of the Agnes
Anderson claim, thence North eighty
chains, thence East eighty chains,
thence South eighty chains, thence
West eighty chains to place of commencement, containing 640 acres more
or less. Located this "25th day of
June, 1910.
• ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Anderson, Witness.
Notice- is hereby given that thirty
days after date I, Adam Anderson,
intend to, apply to the Hon. Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works for
a license to prospect for coal and petroleum on .the following described
lands: ' Commencing at a post planted
at the Southwest corner of the Thomas
Anderson claim thence South eighty
chains, thence East eighty chains,
thence North eighty chains, thence
West eighty chains to place of commencement, containing 640 acres more
or less. Located this 25th day of
June. 1910.    ;,
' "ADAM ANDERSON, Locator,
"John Anderson, Witness.
is identical with house building or any other structure; the better
the material the better structure you have, and that's our principal
in business building   ,
Therefore when you leave your orders for Groceries willi us you
can depend'on getting The Best, and the same rule applies to the
Men's  Furnishings. ■*
The Cash Merchant Opp. Post Office
Morrissey Junction aforesaid, and all
claims against the said partnership
are to ■ be presented to the said
Thomas Leggo by whom the same
will be  settled.   ,
Dated   at  Fernie,   B.   C,   this   8th
day of August,  1910.	
•Witness:    L. P. Eckstein.
Notice is hereby given that Sundays
after date, I, John Pigeon, Intend to
apply to the Hon. Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works for a license to
prospect for conl and petroleum on
the following described lands: Commencing at a post planted three miles
and fifty chains South, and East one
mile from the S. E, corner of lot 8363,
being thirty chains North of tho Evn
Joss, S. E. corner post, thenco eighty
shains East, thenco- olghty chains
South, thenco eighty chains (Wost,
thence eighty chains North to place
of commencement containing 640 acres
more or less, located this 25th day of
June, 1910.
ANDY OOOD, Agent.   •
John Andorson, Witness.
Notice Is hereby given that thirty
days after date I, William McSechlne,
intend to apply to the Hon. Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Worts for
a license to prospect for coal and petroleum0 on the following described
lands: Commencing at a post planted
at or about 200 feet North of the
northwest corner of lot, 1663,,thence
North eighty chains, thence East
eighty chains, thence South eight?
chains, thence West eighty chains to
place of commencement. Located this
27th day of June, 1910.
John Anderson^, Witness. ■ •
Tenders for, takings charge of the
undertaking work* of- Michel Local
Union. Tenders ' to be sent. in not
later than the 30th of August, 1910,
to Maurice Burrell, Secretary, Michel,
B. C.
Notice is hereby given that- the
partnership heretofore existing between us, the undersigned, as timber
dealers - and contractors at Morrissey
Junction, B. C, has this day - been
dissolved by mutual consent. All
debts owing to the said partnership
are to be*-*pald to Thomas Legge at
I Fresh   Cut I
Flowers  I
« House and Office
' Plants, Funeral Flow-
j ers,, Wedding Bou-
Long Distance Phone 577
our orders will receive prompt ixt-
tcntion and you will bo pleased with
what we send you.   * ,
f Y<
He—JKd you rtell your, father,
She—I told hlm I was engaged
. but not to whom. He is not well
and I thought I'd break it to him
The Greston Fruit and
Produce Association
Retailers please Note that orders for the famous Creston       i-
Season J
t A. Lindley, Box 27 Creston |
For ball programs, banquet menus,
and up-to-date printing of all kinds
come to The Ledger bfffce.
8even    Hundred    Wallace
Pass Through.
COEUR D'ALENE, Idaho, Aug. 21.
—A now forest flro that Btnrtod today
Ih approaching Sunnysldo, a vIlhiRO
throo milos from Coeur d'Alono, nnd
Iho fears of tho residents of this city
nro again aroused, it originated on
13oauty bay on tho laleo nnd Jumpod
to Blue creolc. Tho smoko is again
thick horo, nnd sparks nnd blazing
br'nnds fall occasionally;,
Sovon hundred refugees from Wai;
Inco nrrlvod horo by boat from tlar*
rlf-on this Afternoon, and Immediately
took tho olocti'le train to Spokane
Says Two Dead nt Polsom.
A numbor of soltlorB from Folsom,
about 40 mllOH nbovo Avory, on tho
Chtcngo, Mllwiuil-oo & St, Paul railroad, have nrrived In tho city, Thoy
roport thut nt lonst ono woman nnd
olilld woro burned In tho firo at that
point, Tho cltlzoim according to
thom, hnvo flod from tho flro district,
first corning lo St, Mnrleu niul thnn
to UiIh city.
Fires on Coeur d'Alene Lake.
„ Flro provnllfl nt lloituly buy, Uluo
crook, Kldil Island, Cougar gulch nnd
Mica bay, all In the immediate vicinity of this city, Scores of uottlorn
have come from tho flro districts Inlo
tho city, A. W, Morrlck of Cougar
gulch. "I havo a claim of flno tlmbor,
and started out of tho city to seo It.
I reached a point near tho Ileyn mill,
nbout olght milos out, whon tho Intense heat nnd smoke drovo mu oac-K.
Tiio iii'lDom hnH tiircuiy Doa, ond ll
Is roportod thnt a Mr. Smith was
caught, but I do not know, Tho
claims caught in tho firo woro valu-
nblo.   Somo woro worth $0,000."
It is clnlmod tha Thurston mill
burned sometime thin morning, This
Is the nearest flro to Coeur d'Alene,
except tho ono across tho lnko at Kldd
Extra Qusrdi nt Blsekwsll Mill,
Largo ombors nnd brands aro falling In tho city. Tho Rod Collar mlno
nnd the Illnckwell lumber companies
hnvo Increased their watchmen to sub-
duo any tlnmw should any start
throunh a chango" of .wind.
Reports from Beauty bay and Wat
eraelc stato thut both fires are assuming largo proportions, and before
morning, ahould the fire not change
Notico is hereby glvon thnt I, Minn
Joss, thirty days after dato Intend to
npply to tho Hon. Chief Commissioner
of Lnnds nnd Works for a llcenso ,to
prospoct for coal and petroleum on tho
following described lands; Commencing at a post plnntod at tho northwost cornor of tho John Pigeon claim,
thenco North olghty chains, thonco
Enst .olght chains, thonco South olghty
chains, thenco Wost olghty chnlnB to
placo of commencement, containing
0-10 acres moro or loss, Locatod this
2Glh dny of Juno, 1910,
MINN JOSS. Locator.
John Anderson, Witness.
Notico is hereby given thnt, thirty
days nftor dnto I, Herbert Jons, Intend
to npply to tho Hon. Chlof Commlfl-
slonor of LnndB nnd Works for a
llconso to prospect for coal and potroloum on tho following described
lands: Commencing at n post plnntod
olghty chains North and eighty chaliiH
East of the northwest cornor of tho
Minn Joss claim, thonco North olghty
chains, thonco West olghty clmlnH,
thonco South olghly clinltm, thonoo
Knst olghty, chnlns lo plnco of coin-
mencomont, containing 010 ncres more
or less. Locatod this 2r*th day of
Juno, 1010.
IIEIiriEUT .TOSS, Locator.
John Anderson, Wltiioas.
Notloo Is hereby given Hint thirty
dayB nftor dnte I, Ellon lluloy, Intend
to apply to tho Hon, Chief Commissioner of Lnnds and Works for a
llr^nsA to prnnport fnr ronl nnrt petroleum on tlio following doscrlbod
laud*: Coiuuiciii-lm; ul u voxl iihutUd
nt 'bo southcust cornor of tho Herb
Joss -Jlnlra, tlionco eighty chains
West, thoncu eighty chnlns South,,
thonco eighty chains Enst, thonco
eighty chains Nortli to plnco of com-
or less.    Locatod  this SClh day of
Juno, 1910.
T.LLWN IIALI3V, Locator.
John Anderson, Witness.
NT-Mr-*-- In horoby given that thirty
days nfter dato I, Prank Haley, Intend
to apply to tho Hon. Chlof Commissioner of Laud* and Works for a
license to prospect for coal aud petroleum on tho following described
lands: Commencing at a poet planted
at tho northeast cornor of tho Kllnn
Haley claim, thence South eighty
thence  Knst -tlghty chains,
course, tho* Wolf Lodge settlers then"*' North" eighty 'chains, Vheriiw
will ho surrounded.
J West eighty chains to place of com'
In the vicinity of these two
places we have some first
class Fruit Farm Lands
that will bear the closest
inspection. The wise plan
is to examine before buying so B YYY. I am taking parties from time to
time. If interested drop a
line to
Job Overflow
P. O. Box 48
Fernie, B. C.
i O,.'
% JBizltid %*Hm
Published every Saturday morning at Its office, Pellatt Avenue,-Fer.nfeV.B. c.V, Subscription $1.00 per year in
advance.      An excellent advertising  medium.'    Largest
circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities for the execution - of all
kinds of book, job and color work. Mail orders receive
-special attention. Address all communications to Thc
District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
In our youth wo were acquainted with an elderly
gentleman whose one anecdote after the table had been
cleared,'the pipes brought from their inner recesses of
case and pockot and lighted, was as follows:
A missionary on his way to a foreign station thought
that in order to prevent himself growing rusty decided
to try to convert the sailors of tho ship one day accosted an old salt off duty when the following dialogue
took place.    „ * °
Minister—My good man "have you ever considered
that as your occupation is so perilous how important it
is that you ought to think of your possible fate and be
, Sailor—No sir, I've not    given   the    subject much
Minister.—But when you're ashore do you not attend
some church?
Sailor.-—I cannot say that 1 do for what little time I
have I spend with my mates in having a good time.
Minister.—Really, this is serious. Do you not give
any thought to religious matters? Can you even recite
the Lord's Prayer? ,
Sailor.—Every man to his trade parson, yours is
preaching and mine is sailing, but come now to show
you, you say the Lord's Prayer and I will box the compass.       ' r ,*■•'-_. - '. -"
This was agreed .upon, the minister' saying' the
Lord's,Prayer and'the sailor singing out tho points of
the ' compass once around and when completed asked
the minister' to repeat the Lord's Prayer backwards,* but
as this he was not able to do Jack says, well here's
where I beat you and then called off all the points in
reverse order, and when concluded repeated his. phrase
"every man to his trade." -*-,-.
* This story has* Its parallel in the officers of the"Gov-
ernment service who seem to be able."to box the compass" either backwards or forwards from any.-cardinal
point" wlth~*~every - shbw   of - earnestness and^'sincerlty,
. thus carrying conviction to the* minds of their hearers
Agents for the government seeking in the old land
- for immigrants will paint the glories and possibilities*
- of Canada In such well turbe'dTphraseology, substanti.
v    / *,      -» "■■_ •       .''.
■'-"ted by unsolicited printed testimonials of tho wonderful
'^successes achieved in thb last great west by those who
*- ,\ i
. years before owned but little over tho faro and aro now
- 'V '    \
the proud possessors of land,, stock,';etc., as well as a
good balance in the' bank7' This siren song beguiles
many into looklng;.upon' tho"Domlnlou as an El Dorado
**■ where competence^'enn be acquired with ease and so the
household goods' and chattels are sold, the monoy for a
ticket is purchased and the steamship companies report
phenomenal business, railroad traffic shows far groator
net returns thnn tho previous year and the immigrant
finds that ho has not boeri told the wholo truth, but tho
bright side alone has boon Bhow'n,   In the main* he can
console himself with tho thought that If no better off
he Is at .least npt a.-'whlt-,worse .than -had;-hp.-roraalno.d,
* This ia ono sldo of tho "compass," now, for tho olbor
tho government hps formulated,n. plan for paying nn-
nultloB and.wo have. redolvcd'fBomo vory ]Interesting
literature donllnl? wUK*-. this 'subject quoting the'cases
of various Individuals that lmvo mot with misfortunes
common to everyday..)lfo-jensiiy- avoIdnblo;*.through..tho
saving graco of an annuity. Ono incident cullod from
an addroBB doilvorod by S, T. Bnstodo, Suporlntendont
of Annuities, at a 'banquet hold' undor tho auspices of
pio Employers' association of Toronto, Juno 10th, is assuredly full of bnthos, "A mnn ln Now Zonland thought
Tie had mado sufficient, monoy to koop him comfort-
Inbly for tho romnlndor of his days, nnd decided ho
•jioed work no longer, Ho reasoned thib wny: I am
,fiO yonrs of ago, my oxpoctatlon of lifo Is ID yonrs, but,
to bo on tho safe sldo I will ansumo that I may llvo to
bo 8B; I can, thoroforo, spend oach yoar n portion of my
capital .as well as tho Interest, and ho spoilt accordingly, Whnt wos llio rosult? At 85 hlfl monoy wan gone,
but tho sands of time woro Htlll running, nnd It. Is said
ho now Kits In tho Mnrkot Plnco nt Wnlllngton (Now
K-mlniiil), HolMtlng iiIiiih with a pliicard on IiIh hroiiHt.
on wlilrh nro tho words: 'Tnko pity on uu old man who
wnn out. In IiIh rnlculfitloiiH.' Thon follows UiIh delicious
touch of piitoi-iiiillfitli! ml vlco, liml ho piircluiHod nn im-
unity, ho would prahnbly lmvo boon In roculiit. of uot.
only a lnrgo Inrnme, but an Income of which nolhing
■I'oiilil lmvo i|f)|)i*lvod lilm ho long iin lm might llvo,
hot uh, rntlior study tlin --fulfill Inns of our IioiihIoiI
civilization of n Hoclely vi-liloh In confoHHiMlly n fulliirn
lu its duly to uno who lmn proven his wiillngnoHH to
contributo to Its upkeep, nml yot whon. he renchen nd-
* vnncpil yenrH must needs hang n placard nround IiIh
nock In his solicitation for nlms, Jtomcmlior thin Is not
ono of thoso ntorotyporl inntrtneon of thrlftlcasnunn,
ilriinkonncss, otc, tlmt our bourgeois reformers so lovo
lo prate nbout, hut a man whoso lifo 1mA boon spent In
usefulncsH until GO nnd then llko n hungry dog bogging
for n bono hImhIb nt lho mnrkot plnco symbolic of tho
bmikruptcy of n system Hint ilornonns n mombor of tho
only vnlunblo cIiikh, n producer, compelling him to necopt
iiihi ili'iiliy ii,-) a rtivtanl for bis .tsiht effort rt. Thu only
ndvlco glvon to avoid this Is tbo purehnso "of nn nn-
nully, which, while ll mny stern the tide for n few In-
dlvldunls. is In nmllly n siignr-conted pill for tho grout
mnss of tbo world's inbnbllnnts living ro closo to thn
niibulstenco lino thnt tbo mnrglti In a non-npprcclnblo
qunntlty. This plnn was ndopied by Illsmnrk yonrs ago
In tho hopo nlns for him and bis colleagues a dream llko
a bubble that has burst, that it* might be effective in
thwarting the growth of the red specter which so permeates the dominion of Kaiser Wilhelm that he is practically at his wits end what course to pursue. Despite
these evidences, actuated doubtless by the belief in
Barmim's statement that "a sucker is' born every minute," the experiment is advocated for Canada. <
The address referred to should be in-the hands.of
every one resident in this country and carefully read
and digested as it contains much food , for serious
thought, especially to those laboring under the delusion
that machinery introduced merely replaces one set of
men by an equal number who will be occupieds in the
manufacture - of the machinery the following extract
should convince them of their error: \       '
Page 11.—"I need hardly remind you that the prob
lem of what shall be done for. the aged employe. * * *
It.has become an urgent one in the modern business
world, owing to the universal demand now-a-days for
young men. For that reason, and also because the
average period of employment has become shortened
by a more general use of machinery and the strain from
industrial activity, men are forced to retire at an earlier
age than was the case some years ago,' and the position
is intensified by the fact that with improved habits of
living and improved sanitary conditions tbe average
duration of life is being lengthened so that the period
of dependence is increasing rather ■ than diminishing.'!
What a gloomy prospect for the' future these dilettanti
make-shift manufacturers offer. The best remedy suggested is merely one that has proven Its Inadequacy.
Dr. Osier was at least more courageous even though
regarded as cruel when be practically advocated the
lethal chamber for worn out workers and if the ravages
and blight of commercialism were to continue in perpetuity his plan would certainly be more kind but with
the awakening of the proletariat, slow though it may. be
i        o
to the real cause of* their woes and an enlightenment as to
the application of how the remedy can be effected all
these piffling palliatives will be cast into the oblivion
of the used-to-be; the creation of surplus value-.by the
exploitation of their labor power whereby capital is produced so, that their enslavement may continue will cease
forever and the junk of the bourgeoisie old "age pensions,
annuities, profit sharing skin games becomes jestam. in
the ocean of history.  . -,-*•>
' As a* further corroboration of the simile.of the "box
the compass". story let us analyze the extract from
the Toronto Globe of June Ilth, under the caption of
"Thrift as a National Asset."   ■ .       *_*.-'.
- • "The Globe prints this- morning the text of a remarkable address delivered before the Employers' association
of Toronto' last night by Mr. S. P. Bastedo, Superintendent of,*Government Annuities. The address'should be
read by every good Canadian, and.carefully considered."
' We heartily endorse the last clause, even . to the
extent .of omitting the . modifying adjective" "good."
Ottawa is the city, to.which letters, should be addressed
t.n?/t.hft .nhnyi^Tinmftfl^.pftntlflTtian. ;_'■     .       ■ -   .,',.',
For Your
Butter and Eggs
write to
Lacombe, Alta.
will*be exhausted itrahother quarter of a century.
cities  here,.-"an,vin  Europe,  must  inevitably  mean
tlinesi. unemployment and suffering." -'  -
How does this sound compared to the after dinner
platitudes of the multi-millionaire bragging about his
early start in life and, assertion that the times" were
never so opportune as-, now?   How about the-glorious
-■.-'■•■v..,, <■• .'-.:*• - *■    ■        -'
pictures portrayed byrthe clnemetograph expounders ini
Great Britain descriptive of the vast areas of land open
for occupancy th;fit,:,ilc6ord!nB to the renWlcs of an-edito'r
whoso statements are accepted- by thousands In this
country, that 25 yenrs only will see their exhaustion'.? .'
* "The fear of poverty must become ever present In
man^. lives, and, nbovo all- the dread pf poverty ln old
ngo, '-when tho cnpnclty of earning Is gone." Talk, about
nn alarmist, a pessimist, a purveyor of dismal fore-,
bodlngs, what othor terms cnn bo applied to the nbovo?
Whn't'-^o'm'mentni'y !m6ro':pregnnht with Irrefutable'' loglc-
of tlio collapso of capitalism could bo advanced., than',
this? -'Wo;do;not combat It,"by no moans ,'Blmply'polntt'
lng,out';.thnt If till*, be tho, beat, that'life presages! then,
"why grunt nnd swont, why bonr tho proud mnn's con-,
tumoly, the oppressor's wrong" when bydolvlng at th'fc
■root __ ftrb' ovll"thVVn'y 'out may bo discovered?' Not;
bocauso of any lovo for humanity, not from any Utopian*
ldoalism*! ;bi\t( simply as a recognition of tho fact that*
Btcrn nocosslty demand It If society, of which oach Individual Is a component part, Is to contlnuo:.   ■  i*    ■*■)
VThQrtj.MB nood.. for'provision to moot th'o* conditions]
that will' como as Inevitably ns tomorrow's sunrise.';!
Note the fatalistic tono oxprosBod nnd ponder. This Is1
not "tho doinngoglo mouthlngs of *a soap-box orntor".
onr opponents nro bo prono to dub ub but, tho carefully
conHldorod utterances of n consorvntlvo In tho strict'
Intorprelntlon' of thb word.
"Thoughtful mon nro beginning to boo nn ond of tho
niniorliil resources of lho contlnont and nro pronchlng
thrift," Thoughtful mon forsooth, yos "thoughtful" of
tho "nftor mo tho dolugo" typo who nro "thoughtful bo-'
ciiiiho tho dolugo hns boon mlscnlciilnted nnd trnimpound nnd rondn "Tho dolugo Is AFTHI1 ino," or with
the same tboughtfulnoHH (I) of (Iioho locking tlio Htnhln
iloor nftor tho Hlnod Is hIoIpii nro trying (o fiiHhlon hoiiki'
key thnt will lock ll" mid find Hint, nil lliolr efforts ho
fnr hnvo nborlod dread lho oscnpo of tho horso 'Train-
Inrlnt" nnd bin rnfmuil tn bo ruptured, bridled nnd will-
(liml thnt tho Jockey "llnurKoolslo" mny rldo hlm,   ■
The-cily referred to In tho noxt tiuotnllou Is Toronto,
Hia nomX HtA otty t\f ■Mint-Mino (tin oliy' nf •pronnnvlt'".
"Thovp two ton thmi--.f-.ru1 mortcni»cd bn'movi In Dtbt rlty
today In which ovciiy oiinco of energy Ih devolod to
keeping up nppenrnno-.n, to carry tho dnlly financial
bunion, homos In which thoro Is nothing but dnrlc fore-
hndlnf! whrn in look Is rnst forward tn nld otto" Wl-nt
cronhlngn! Whnt doleful dlrgcB nro theso? No rny ot
hopo do thoso gentlemen offer except a mythical rood
Hint Iiiih been I rind nnd found wnnllng, Tly tbelr own
words thoy stmid coiivlctod of Ineptitude io point tho
wny onl of tho slough of despondency trying their utmost
to point over existing ills with the specious lacquer of
renrflnjinry reforms to tbo enwl Hint doooll may onnbl"
tliem to il ol ud o tbo masses nml conceit, (homsolvos, to
the iinpalntnblo truth Ihnt tbo derndenro Is horo, only
lo bo delayed temporarily until putref-tr-tlnn becomes
the fertilizing fnclor of nnotlior nnd bettor ordor.   .
Cm out ibln hddroxn:   fT V. IXnnlodn,' ftuporlntoniinnl
ot Cnnndlnu government Annul|loj(, 0|.Hvw*»,eOnt.   .., „ ,
Electric Lighted Steam Heated
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water , L. A. Mills, Manager
You are now going through this world for the last time:
Why Not
'live o -nthe hest and nothing but( the best, and go to " °
The 41  Market Co.
for your requirements in Heats. Fresh Killed and Government Inspected; Fish, Butter, illggs, Ham, Bacon, Etc   -
S. Graham, Local Manager '
THE     HAYING    SEASON    IS     HERE    g
-,   Our stock'of baying tools is complete.   Forks, Hand Rakes,    7
* Scythes and Snaths, ,Grind Stones' Whet Stones, Wrenches,
Machine Oil and Oilers, Deering Mowers and Horse Rakes.   ,*
-* Mail o*crphone orders receive careful attention.   *
J. M. AG NEW & Co.
,   B. C.   J
DIAZ ATTEMPTS' TO-"   .-     -(    "
 ■'■"',   CATCH ^EDITORS
■    '■ • . ii'-   • i.1 ■_ .    *■*,** .       t
■   - .ft '-.;■ •
,to ,, Extradite
Print Criticism* in Los
LOS,, ANGLES, 'Aug. 27.T*rIn. caso
tho Mexican Liberals "recently .released
from the prison at Florence, Ariz.,
publish a papei; in Spanish,herg, and
send lt Into. Mexico, with articles attaching the Diaz.'government, an effort' to. oxiraditQ' them will bo mado,
according to Juan D. Isabel., a mem-
bor of the .'Mexican cabinet. , Senor
Isnbell ..arrived hero August " 17th.
Once in ..Mexico,, he says, the men will
bo tried, for' Insulting'-Prosldont, Diaz.
Gulterrez Do .Lara,'.ono of..the Llb-
ernls, is ap'piirohtly untorrlflod, ln, tho
matter. When Informed of tho action
outlined,'he'sald: "The "first copy
of Rogonernclon will nppenr. September's, Kvory ' Issuo .will." contain
articles ngninst tho Diaz, government,
nnd. wo .expect. that., copies ..will go
Into Mexico... I know Diaz foara the
publlcatloi*. ,of. this papor. mqrci.than,a,
thousnn.d nnrioc^ ;rovoluUbnIsts.', Froin
tjio timo th'o pdpp.r. fttflrt's gptng^across
thb border", Diaz wjjl , commonco. to
copie down.froi-tvblH.,high, horso."..,.;,,
..^Tho Mexican, cojinul In.Lbs^rigoIds,
wfll att'qmpt to^hlnder. tho, Issuing of
ItbgQi\ornolon by rqfliiostlpff thn.postnl
nuthorltles.tb forbid Us gbliig,through
thb mnlln ns socondrclnss mattor. Tho,
edilorlal slnff of Ilogonornclon Iihb
nlrondy boon, i^nouncod hero, and
consists of .Rlcnr'do.. Flores Magon,
Antonio yillarcnl, ll. 0, Do tnra, nnd
11. Q, auorrorro, ,   ,
.nrllculnr nttontion In cnllod to(»ho
niniiuoi' in which llio imlionul «ovoni-
mont, tnltos ndvnntngo of tho hnrd-
Hlilpit of IndtiHli'lnl oxploltntion which
wnrliltignioii suffer by their employ-
ors nnd how It cruelly burps upon
the uiu'oi'lnlntlen of lifo undor cnpltnl-
iiim lo liuliico llh vIcllniH to Htirroniloi1
Tho conscription system mny ho ro-
vlvcd yell
Tlio government npponl follown In
"My Dour Hlr:
' i'-.li,ii|)n   )till   nit:   Ullil.i(/|Jj    lit   )mi(
•pvr*--r-i*i job. l'orbnpn It rtno-vn't pny
ynu nunugh, Vovhnps thorn Is no futuro to It. I'orhnps your prosont work
,wlll novor satisfy your burning anibi-
tion to win grout success,
'Tt so, you'vo doublloss thought a
goon jiiiniy tuntis that, you'd hko io
got, nnotlior' Job. Dut you novor
thought of getting n job In tho navy,
did you? You'vo-nlwnys thought n
Job In thn nnvy In n horrlblo thing,
haven't you? you'vo thought thnt tho
nnvy Is the homo of tho tough, tho
lnc(*i(i|ii:l(;iit. a:itl tlm failure, You'vo
thought thnt tho pny Is of tho stnrvn-
tlou vnrkly; foud hud, work hard, discipline sovfio nnd-unbcarnblo—you'vo
Ihouglit thnt n nnvy Job Ih Just nbout
tho worst thing you could got Into.
"Woll, now If you want to chango
you Job, I'd llko to hnvo a talk with
you and toll you all nbout n blue-
jucki-t'H lifo in lho nnvy. I'vo been
In tho navy a good,many,years, and I
can tell you'all about lt and you',1-!, be
Burprlsedjjto find, but that* your.ljleas
about a** navy job are'all wrong. You,'*!)
be surprised, that' the ..United"Sfat'es
iiayy is*, cliuck-full of fine dppbrturi-
Ities.^or you. , ., _ .'„.," y \[ '.^'
" "Come in and talk It'over .with jx\e,
I'll not urge you tb Join the navy. The
Navy- Department doesn't, .urge ,any
young man to'Join., It only urges'him
to look into the 'fine* opportunities
which there'are. in tho, navy.for
young mcnl and make up his own
mind whether, ho does or doesn't want
to become,a blue-Jacket. Drop, ln this
week'.botwoon On. m. and 4:30 p.'ja.
and aBk to seo mo. My offlco address
Is given at the top of this letter nnd
my nnmo 'signed at tho bottom.,
''■put if, you can't come in right
liwny, let. mo send .you a copy of'our
booklot, ,-*'Tho Making of a ' Mah-o'-
Wnrsman.' .It'ls IntoroBitlngly written'
and Illustrated nnd tells you a lot, of
things you want'to know about work'
pny, play,'promotion,,,etc,, In., tho
navy."       ' '   ,
» -!        . < \    ..    . I.' ...
W. F. M.' AND.U.M. W. AGAIN.,,,.
', INDIANAPpLISi Ind., Aug. IS.—'
With qulot rostorod,, tljb conforonco
roghrdlng tho'.afflilatlbn qf tho .Wostorn Foderatlon. of.. Minors, and tlio-
Unitod Mine WorkorB Of Amorlcn' woro
contlnuod today,.- Tho delegates of
tho two organizations nro considering ovory phnso of tho proposod
Lcadors of tho associations doclarod
today thnt, nil obstacles hnvo boon
romovod nnd thnt tho combination of
the two bodios would tnko plnco without furthor difficulty,
Men's Furnishing
.   '• • *•  ' . --■  "■ ' i ■ , '*■ ,  ■
Men's.Wool Socks, pair  '...:...20c, 25c, 35o
Men's Black Cashmere Socks, pair ....'.-..'7r25c, 35c, 50c .
Stanfield's Under, Natural and Dark Gray, heavy weight,
, guaranteed unshrinkable, per, suit .. '. i$3.00
In, fact everything In the line of Men's Furnishings,
quality and price guaranteed.
Ladies^ ReaHy-to-Wear
New Fall Suits, up-to-date  .$20.00 to $30.00
New Fall Skirts, ^p-to-date......'.: .'.$3.50 to $10.50
Ney Fall Coats, up-to-date.../......' $15.00 to $27.50
Balance of our stock of Wash Suits and Skirts. at ■
, actually half price. "
Dry Goods Dept.
New White Blankets, pair $3.75 to $7.50
New Gray, Blankets, pair* $2.50 to $C50
Hudson's Bay Blankets, pair .............$6.00 to $8.50
. New Dress Goods, New Silks.    ..
Boot and Shoe Dept.
Men's Just Right Shoes Just received, a full line of
New. Fall -Lasts, special at, pair':....:'...! .$5.50 to-$7.00
■- o , ■■- ■■■"
Ladies' Relendo" Shoes, with the cushion heel," special
at, per pair .7  .$4.00, $4.50, $5.00
Special Line' Ladies' Tan Oxfords * and * Shoes, special
at per pair  '..... -7.". .*' ".. .$2.95
V.'l /,'
*f     fOU:7*l:ANI
i ■'* ■ a Shave,* a- Game of Pool or Billiards
ora Cup of-Coffee;
■•i if. ,,
in; at
;'Full Stock of.Sm6keVs';Gb64s Alway$vOQ . Hand,
The Two
Now Under New Management '
Catering to the Werklngman's Trade
Large Airy Rooms and Good Table
1  •        »
Wm. P, Cullcn's Sumptuous Presentation of the Plxlcy and Lauder's   •
Comic Opera Triumph
Ever Shown
TVie T>
^,       |   ||   ||     \_%¥  |    Hmi
i~» • n i
r nty
and over half a 100 others, including that Spfc, Span, Saucy, Bewitching Chorus of
*■*■*■ *•
One Night Only, Tuesday, August 30th,  1910
oponainanaanapa THE DISTRICT; LEDGER, FERNIE,, B. fG.,? AUGUSTS, 1910.
• »¥,¥.»¥¥¥ .iy-*f¥.¥*¥¥¥¥.,¥¥^^
: jjy.
■     ;;¥-¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥r¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥Y¥Y¥¥-y»¥¥¥¥ **************
ii .'
♦        COAL- CREEK  BY ^174
, , The basket social, held. in the
..Methodist church on Tuesday even-
.ing^was a very, successful-venture a
"tidy.sum being netted.    There were
* some exceptionally good baskets, although ' none <■ of them reached . over
"$3.00'apiece. * The most unique one
, ,-was made in the shape of a football
-: with* the attachment "Down they go
•,with easy grace." This now occupies
";a prominent position In the club bar-
,room. *. , .      ' v->    -,
; Mr. j. Forbes, from Jiimviile, otherwise Dundee,; Scotland, is ln his
element ih the grocery department
of the Trites-Wood company.
• The "Three Bills"~came back from
their holiday Jaunt to Vancouver'on
Wednesday and report that they had
a champion time at the city by the
• sea.   ■ .       ■
.' Mike -McMullen. a Micheler, was
[a visitor on Wednesday.'* * '
j   While at work' ln No. 2" mine on
■i Wednesday Ed Hamer had the misfortune to break a small bone in his
•leg and was conveyed by special train
■to Fernie for surgical treatment in
■the hospital. '*•;'■,
V   James Logan, a rope rider in No. 5,
.   was severely bruised    on   Thursday
• morning, by getting squeezed between
the cars.-   " -    ' " , *      .-   •
> 7 Other  visitors to the Creek from
Micliel this week were Louis Proud-
. lock, Jack Hobbs and Harry.
N. Duncan -and Bert Booth of Pass-
,burg were guests., of, George Crabbe
last week." .■-„■■■--".*       ;    ■
*'   One of. the horses at No. 1 North
, .probably with  a view • to * getting a
• holiday for, himself and those at work
* :in this min."practiced a rolling stunt
•'„ which certainly/ whether voluntarily
or designedly, caused th'e , morning
, shift'-to be laid off as hin tumblings
■broke the air line and,electric cable.
■ F. Raynor,. W.' Gutliro, Hugh_Jolin-
"*son arid J. McKay, with. Nicky,.-Nack,
otherwise J. -Edmonson,, who have
, been working up „in the: Yellowhead
- Pass, were renewing old acquaintances
up here.   They informed us that pros-'
. pecting operations had*h"een su'spend-
*■ ed for the' present.--*. „■-..-'. * ' ''
•'• James-McPherson, < fire-boss at old
1 No. 1, left. here, on Saturday for' a
, six weeks, vacation' which   he ;. will
'   spend in.' his old home "at Springhiil,
- N;, S. Jabez Graham has also gone
of '12. months, and it is'his intention
to bring them all out with him when
he' returns in-the spring. .'..;> •;■'
..« Gabe!.Pickering lef t.;>.oh^Sunday
bound for his old homeuti Shropshire,
, |nglahd,-,;near-.;Wales.._ | SI. %j& ■'■§?,
, k; E. H." Best, the minister,";has beon
■hid  upv with    a.  severe  attack  of
7 While at work on* Monday Jack Mc-
'_hefson; a"'digger"'In^o. Il/hlitf'all
the toes  of his  right foot crushed
,badly'.by falling rock,   -t'lH*'
C. D. Pottedand'Gi C. Bg^'of I.. C.
S. fnrae. were' busily" bngagod pottering around and egging thom ori', to
take stock and studios5 with their institution this, week.
Q.'" Hunt and Jack Robinson havo
changed thoir address to Passburg,
Alta.., ' - \:
Jack Dlclt'returnpd from his trip
to thp coast last Saturday.., :.*' y.y
.', Fred Young Journeyo'd-oif into,.tho.
far , country -of Michel last;'.* Sunday-
roturnlng Monday ovoning., • Ho says
C. C.>looks.good..onpugh.iO-hlm.--''**v.-...<
■,■ Jamos Langdon loft horo on Thursday ovoning. accompanied. by Av*Mc-
. i-gan,' C. "Powell, W.-Cndm'an, Jhimos
Gnrr, H. O'Neill and Jack Edmonson,
, (Nicky Nack), for a ,trip up tho Elk
Valloy doing dovolopmont work for
tho Trltqs-Wood compaiiy., Thoy, ox-
poet, to., bo away, about _lx -weeks..-Wo
don't know, who'll do, the cooking.. ...
Thp qupstlon Is—Who stole,, Paddy's
chicken? Ono hundred dollars nnd
one chlckon besides .In. ono;. night-Is
two. bad. ., J*   -.      i    v-   •■
i Tho first round for tho foutz cup
hns, boon playod and tho gamo waB
ours. Hip! Hlpl Hjirrahl Saturday
last a .spools! t^aln. WM-ongagbil uy
pur boys and* a goodly crowd of sup
porters went along'to cheer, them and
the result was the cause of still louder cheering.', Makea note.of it. Coal
Croek 1, Michel 0.*i'Oh Down-Thoy
Go-With Easy Grace," sung by. thp
Terrible, Hughes.. The song may be
nil right,* but there is. this to*be said
that the ^Michel players put up a stern
fight" and even though beaten r.hey
have no reason to complain as. they
certainly, did their' best arid though
defeated they are a ' long way off
being disgraced,'as the game was
fought'With a desperate earnestness
that made it one of the most exciting witnessed this year and the contagion caught the, spectators as, they
shouted and cheered as their respective favorites dashed about. - We
can say honestly, well done both
teams. The fortune'of the field was
this time with us. J. Wilson of, Fernie
acted as referee in a very efficient
manner.* .' > • . 3    7
Plumed with their hard fought victory on. Saturday'at Michel the boys
of the red and white went to the
p'ark of King Paddy on Wednesday
night, feeling quite sanguine of getting the '.$100 put up by Gladstone
local on-the 1st of July and they did.
4 to 0 and the money was theirs.
The Creek team was.* Goal T. Banns,
Backs, J.. McLetchie, T. Oakley, J.
Sweeney; A. McFegan, W. Parnell;
Forwards, , Dick Jones, O. and P.
Joison, Bert Hartwell,''J. Manning. P.
Mulgrew "was referee; W. McFegan
was unable to play.
One notable feature of this game
was Dick Jones.: This is the first
time he has played "this season and
scored two of the. goals, the Joison
brothers scoring one, each. ,:
The thanks of the team are due
Mr. "W. Ingram of the Club cigar
store for his muchly appreciated first-
class smokes he gave to the victors
.of Wednesday. night's .game. . There
was one for each day of the'week,
but did not'last that long. . - __** ** " :'
What might have been a ve*cy
serious accident * was averted on
Wednesday..by, the prompt*.action, of
the train 'crew* on the- 6. o'clock' trip.
The* train,-contained.a number of people .coming .down to" the football .contest-,' ' but^just-'-as - the little ■* rock cut
had been-passed a coupling, broke arid
the train* parted: and- away- rushed the,
engine and "nine box cars - down thp
hill while the ^detached,"portion fallowed on its . own account. Great
credit is due to thje'erew! as they did
valiant work in preventing'a disaster,
and _ as an. evidence of the coolness
handled may,." say that lt .'was brought
to a standstill without any of tl(p
passengers-inside the cars being "ady
-wiser'- until? it was'brpught^to^a* stop:
7, Mr.*;,George* Mpiesi whoj.has been
jpri the* payroll 'up.; here, ijhas bee%
■"transferred tb a""similar position at
the Michel camp. His many friends
^ti-the^g^ek r^gjjot-. his-tdegartycejas
no was 'uniformly"courteous! * **""*
f'-We are .'aldri'g'Bur t'woM6'hth_ v_6*£
tlori'as recommended by the president
of the .United,'States on-*-the ■ installment pian,;havlri'g had two'-days Idle
this -week- owing to a shortage of
'boxcars. *,*" "     ' i*
,   Mr, and tyrs..lobert Hubbersty are
moving back to Fernio. h
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■*>♦♦♦
■•-■•An election-:'for. tho'---'orf Ice of*financial sectary of Bellovuo Local 431,
U.,.M.„W. of,A.,.took,place.Jast.Sun',
day whon tho voting resultod as follows., , Brother Jamos , .Burke,,-22lj.
Brother Harry 'Blake,' 40, • The form-
or was thoroforo ro-eloctod for thej
nor-U- twelve months; •*. -Tho' oth*.**; ofi
ficerB elected for tho bnsuing twelve)
months aro as follows:    President-,-;
Ector.. Paul;, vlco. prosldont, • Andrew'
Duncan; treasurer,   Joseph ,Ellisonj
,'nudjtqrs- ,MHto Boris, A. Boutry,.A.
Baddock; pit committee, Potor Paul,!
Jr-mos Burlc'o, Mlko Boris, Loo Becker,
■kit Dragon and'A.-*Baddoc_.   ,4  .-*
' Bob Carney, Into of Cowloy, 'hns';
started a llvory In town bohlnd tho!
McCutchoon block.1 ";ThlB makes tho
third llvory wo havo.     '*
Preparations nro bolng mndo for ox-
'- . , ,;' V?'''igilwS3l!!|nPISWBB^ '
„        '.'■   ''■;'')''!':<TiTf-^f?^ ;'»»'.'[        ,
'*'       ,4.,M,*M^.   •   Jnif. •   ■-.„-
• TH E  TEP E'E ,
*' ii .
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam •
Heated Throughout i  .
*—*""*****7"**r*."**_""™'"""T'r*  iii Jli"'-"'*l' '■'■"'■ • '- ■'—j".!"*--'.it_s.-'"'_ .--  _  .      — —i-,.	
tensive , alterations and additions to
the Southern hotel, which will be ten-
ated by Mr. Steve Manahan. The
license commissioners have granted a
license .subject to certain alterations
being done.' •   ""*■   *7   .
\ Tne mirie was" idle ori Monday
through gas. The fan was stopped on
Sunday with the consequence lhet"i!ie
mine was full of gas ori Monday
morning. The officials seem very
lax when ever a large body of gas
is found -after the fan has been
stopped for a day. • They allowed the
miners, drivers, etc., to go in.as far
as.27-switch. Here the.miners were
told to remain while the day shift
fireboss made another examination,
but they told the drivers'and. motor-
men to go inside' as if nothirig unusual had occurred. We heard on
authority that, the gas was thick in
the entry as far back as 105 chute;
/This appears-to be a rather dangerous proceeding in view of.the feet
that a large number of the coal
buckers are ignorant of the,dangers
attaching to gas. These fellows, have
been known to go up two and three
crosscuts of a room that was full -of
gas, and after losing light have attempted to light their lamps. It's
terrible to think what would happen
if such a large, body of gas became
ignited by some cause, with nearly
300 *irien in the mine. We maintain
and rightly, that when such conditions.appear again that nobody should
be allowed to "enter the inine. except
the officials, until such time as the
ventilation becoiries normal. The
nearest outlet to the 'surface, from
the,face of the entry is about 2,200
feet. „   _
--, The football-club traveled to Coleman on Saturday last when a rather
riolsy game, resulted,-in a win for us
by 2 goals to 0.   The game was stopped  14   minutes  from, time  by the
referee,'Mr. Wright of Michel; on account    of    darkness preventing him
from following the game.   The Cole-,
man players say that they" are going
to protest -against' us on-.the. ground
that, we didn't turn, up.-at the ;specified time for'kicking off, viz. 6:15.'
This was.' impossible as supper -was
not * ready when we" arrived, neither
were we told where* to strip for the
match.    Also some* of the*. Coleman
players  stripped ,at 'the  same time
as 'our boys.- * About* three  or 'four
iriinutes after the kick-off a regret-
able affair occurred.'. Two   of   the
Bellevue.'supporters, were    on    the
Coleman goal line when a- ball came
man players."" The 'fullback attempt-"
ed lo. stop .it going ...over ..but failed
to do 'so, as' ll, went a good six inches
over.,'they line,* when.' he- kicked sit
back .into play..- The linesman called
a corner as also did the two, above
mentioned. •' This inade the* fullback
^riad,* and' after a few "wo'i(asr'bet-#eeri
tnen^ho deliberately called''the Bellevue'.'fnah a liar.   He*, was .promptly
"t'oid::tha't h'o7 could'.'not' maW^hinl'a
liar „when another player bu£te4 In
iind 'said "he* could, and sultlrig^the
action to. the Word he came off' the
field of playapd rushed for thp spectator.'-1 One," of tho Bellevue'players
now camo on th'o'scene and said that
if there was' anything of that klria
going on to .include'him..  However,
it' died down,   Thore must always be
a difference. of opinion between two
clubs, when anything appears doubtful, but thero was'no necessity, for
the Coleman fullback to'.use tho expression hP did. .Thoro'was u, groat
deal,   of   feeling ihown dur,lng tho
match by the Colomixr. playbrs * and
somo, of their, supporters, (theso'last
wo are pleased to' say wore In the
minority however),   On' one, occasion
the Coleman linbsmnn' went so far us
to shout for tho roforoo' to bo sont
off the flold, and was supported by
tho follow with tho Christy stiff, you
all tn'ow'hlm. "Wo cbrta'lnly hnd tho
best toam In tho day's gamo, and
that's all thoro Is to it.,
'. Mr, .and Mrs. Mltcholl and family,
Into '. of, Nottinghamshire, England,
arrived In Bollovub' oh'Saturday from
Ontario; whoro'thoy hnd been for tho
last four months.    Mr,, Mitchell  Is
staying with Mr. Jamos Allsopp for
tho prosont.
<Tho now Finnish Socialist hall* was
oponod on August 19th, whon a danco
was. hold and refreshments woro
served. This hall is something to bo
proud of and tho men who aro responsible for its building desorvo nil
kinds ofpralso. On Snturday afternoon Mr. Oorald Desmond, Socialisl
organizer, and some Flnnlsli, mombors
qf tlio. floolallst party, gavo short
talks which woro much appreciated,*
Thoro wns also a varlod program of
songs nnd recitations, etc. Another
dnnco wns Indulged In In lho ovoning,
whon a good crowd assembled, chiefly from Coloman nnd other polnti, It
wnn declnred by somo of lho diincors
ihnt the floor Is oiin of the ho-v. In
tlio Pass. VlccProsldont, Clom Stubbs
wns In lown for tho npnnlng, ns nlso
wnro Messrs. Nil Drnlto nnd llnrry
Dnvlilson from Hie South Fork,
Tho following tablo showH tho
Htrnullni' nf tho Crow'u Nonr 1-Yinlhnl!
Ifi-ifUM up to and Including Snturday,
.-.imuhi Mti\:
V,    W,    I).     I...     P.
Michel     9      r>      2      2      12
nollovuo 10       4       .1       .1       11
Conl Crook' ..10      li      1      4      11
T-*.*„T.1r 7 ,1 *» 1 «•
Fornio    8      3      14       7
Ilosmor  9      1      3      S       B
Coloman 7     2     0      1       4
♦ COLEMAN NOTES BY 22   ,    ♦
♦ '* .'•." '    ♦
+ + ■<*> ♦ ♦«►♦•♦. ♦ *. -+: ■+
■The Bonr.Ton Ice, Cream Parlors
caters for your, trade. Supplies ice
cream, soft drinks of all flavors and
fruits.   Mrs. S. Ingram, proprietress.
L'objet du present est de faire ap-
prendre a nos camarades beiges et
francals .qu'on.vlent d'orgariiser.icl un
local francais' du parti socialiste et
de lea inviter a. s'affiller afin d'etu>
dier les' probfeme's qui les opposent
dans la lutte pour Ia vie.
Pour des renseignements eh.egard
de ce mouvement on doit s'adresser a
M. Harry Smith ou bien a M. William
Graham. ;    "-
.' Sunday,- last a ■• French-Belgian
branch of the Socialist party was initiated here and organization is proceeding, satisfactorily. All those interested in this movement aro invited
to communicate with H. Smith or W,
Graham. D ,
Tho probabilities are that a first-
grade oculist and optician would find"
plenty of opportunity for. practicing
his profession here'aB-we-have residents who are so infirm of sight that
they are unable ttoo distinguish be-
tAveen a coyote aiid.'a colt, otherwise
they, would not have- made the mistake of, shooting, the latter thinking
it was ,- the former. Such stupid
blunders' as this are Inexcusable arid
those carrying and using firearms
should have their eyesight tested first
or they may comirilt even more serious damage and shoot a man whom
they have mistaken, for a deer or
a bear. **'
W. H. Hayson, .who .met with an
accident recently in No. 4 mine re-
sulting-^in. the> - amputation of the
thumb on his right' hand and part of
one finger, is progressing nicely, arid
expects to be able to resume his work
- A fall of rock'in. No. 4. gave Jack
Johnstori'e a- nasty' whack on the
head a few' days-ago but* fortunately it was not very "serious. ,
-'Albert'-Jagos, ■■'whose accident was
reported last week, is a 7 cousin; not
a brother of--Mike'.Jagos who was
killecl. The, unfortunate man in addition, to' the"'injuries reported, had
botho'aws-fractured and it- is fpund
that an operation .will be necessary
that may result in'the. loss* of * a
portion, of the upper part of the jaw.
man, left for Ontario and will meet
by' arrangement, capitalists who are
interested in Elko's future,* which.s
brighter than the bottom of a new
bucket.*' *
"Marks," who travels for Papa
Armour, of Chicago, was iri Elko this
week selling' overland trout, salted
whale and pickled moose.,
Misses E. May and E. Maud Roo
was' down to" Pittsburg this week.
Actions speak louder than words
and only rich countries can afford
bad roads.
Miss Lucy Lolleypop arrived in
town from, the Gas Range. Her hat
had no 'less than 24 rattlesnake tails
hanging on the ribbon band. Our
modesty* prevented us counting the
rats in her hair.
_oui. Foisy says nothing looks
more suffocating on a hot day than
a man wbose hair looks as if it
ought to bo harvested with a self-
binder. *
H. H. Ross and Mr.-Telfer, of the
Ross Saskatoon, were making somo
big purchases here this week for
their big mill plant.
A big party of residents from Bay-
ney's Lake drovo into Elko this week'
and picniced at the falls^..
Nine Scotchmen went up "the South
Fork Thursday morning to join E. H.
Telfer's fishing* party who have, a
contract to supply the Ranchman's
club at Calgary with rainbow trout.
Mrs. Frank Worlhington of Cranbrook and children are visiting guests
at Cumberland House, Riverside'Park.
. Charlie Klingensmith, the genial
host .of- the Elk hotel, will build a
modem, livery and automobile garage.
(If he don't-Kelly will.)
Dr. • Saunders, "Waldo's medical ex-
perl," was' in our' midst this week on
professional business.
Mrs. Kennedy of Hosmer is visiting the McKee's of Kilmarnock Castle,
College avenue.     .   ,
Mrs. Glen Campbell,; North Star
Park; is entertaining several lady
friends from Fernie. -
C. E. Ayre, general manager of the
North Star Lumber company, returns
from no-crop regions - with, sufficient
orders., to fill cthree bushel baskets
and the gosh darned plant is running
to beat nineteen weddings.      .   ,
■Timber. Inspector Carney was an*
Elko visitor this1 week with a pile of
home-made'laughs.    ■' ..'*.-
"" George -Powell? of Cranbrook was In
the burg, with. stein • winding mouse
traps, sewing machines and other
musical instruments this week. ■
We expect to be in Fernie Monday,
Tuesday and- Wednesday, but', don't
think because we have "corns on our
feet? from following the plow" we are
an easy ' mark. We've got to write
three columns for the Snaxrown
Clipper and we dou'X Intend to miss
anything interesting. Don't miss next
week's Ledger.     , ",.
Elko is sure the queen of the
Crow's Nest Pass by the amount of
kings and nobles you see dangling on
the boulevards.
On Saturday last It looked as though
this camp'was going to be wiped off
tho map. Fire was raging all along
the mountain ridge when suddenly
the wind seemed to change and coming from all quarters at once like a
hawk swooping down, soon filled the
lower valley with .blinding smoke,
and then there was a hurrying and
scurrying on all sides. Somo of our
residents with the memory of the
Fernie fire strong in their minds a'nd
benefitting by the experiences of the
past, commenced digging holes in the
rear of their dwellings in order to
put some of the belongings out of
danger, while others got busy fighting desperately to prevent lhe whole
camp being wiped out. After the
fight* was over, and it was certainly
a hard one while it lasted, it was
found that, no material damage had
been done except, of course, thc standing timber had been" severely scorched
and then there * were some dishes
broken by those who had tried the
burying method. At one "ilir.e the
flames did just touch the tipple, yet
the timely efforts of the " workers
managed to extinguish them before
they had made much headway.
"Hobo" Jones, recently of Coal
Creek arid well'known' throughout the
Pass is working here.
.- Paddy,.King, an oldCreeklte and
an'expert quoit player, is among the
recent arrivals.' Tom Johnson is also
on the-,payroll. ■
Joe Chambers and Dan Rogers were
arnong the^ members of the fire-fighting brigade. ' v '     „  ','      -   ,-
Dick Jones was in Michel* on, Tues
day attending the inquest' of the
young man from here, who' died as a
result of injuries received.by falling
off the train between" McGilllvray and
Jack Johnson has been -appointed
purveyor to the public* of that world-
famous frothy beverage "Mutzine,"*
and, no doubt will have a good trado
trying to quench the thirst of the
many parched throats of those' who
have' been victims of the terrific heat
that has prevailed recently. *
James Wade, the 'genial beef dispenser of the P. Burns company, Is
not losing any of his own flesh,
although lie disposes of a good quantity for his employers. If you have
any doubts on^ tho subject consult
him when he visits Fernie in the near .
future. «
Mrs. Ed Roberts, formerly of Spokane, near Hillyard, has joined her
husband hero who is in the employ
of the Flathead Trading company.
We have been boasting of this
camp as a health resort, but regret
to announce that at the present timo •
the doctor is busy, although one of
his cases may be considered an imported one as he had only been in
the place a few days when it was
found, that ho was suffering from
typhoid fever.
* There is an improvement sadly
needed in this hospital and that is
there ought to be at least two wards
Instead of one as at present. It Is
not .right say in the case of a man
suffering with a broken leg and another with a disease. It' is to be
hoped that r this matter will be seen
to in the near future.
■■ School days for the children will
be' here soon lis there are a large
number of school age that need all
the education they cari got; So far
we, have not heard of any teacher
being appointed.
We will let the'faithful know when
the next Conservative meeting is lo
be held through'the columns pf The
Ledger, but,, in the irieantimc anyone
desiring' information may obtain further particulars by applying to*the
resident representative, Mr. Aleck
Black. ,.  -
A mpvement is on foot'looking to
the organization of an Odd Fellows
lodge up hero as there are quite a
large number  of  three-link men   in'
our midst. ' .
(Continued on Page Eight.)
can - be ^expected .under, the - circumstances. :J - . '*v
7Dr.. WeStwoody'qfjGpleman ,arid Di;.
,Ross,„,whp ^bas, beeij; ^associated,", for
'eigh. month's" wi'ttT jjr;'*"MewbJurti" of
Lethbridge, liave entered "Into partnership and will iprgqt^ce .as-)Surgeons
an.ds-Pjbyslcia^n^- in Coleman.
The Coleman brass band has been
engaged to play at the Union sports
at" Hosmer on Labor Day *-** and "enquiries ^re being -made regarding a
special train.      .. ,,,/..
Tho International Coal and Coko
company are working slack time.just
now owing to the car /shortage.
-The' picnic of tho^'Engllsh church
had to be postpohed'J'on-account of
a snowstorm preventing any Indulgence" In outside'game's.,
Football—Colemari'Vk.', Bellevue.
When, tho tossup was made tho
wind was blowing lustily, but it was
thought that the ball would bo always
in touch at tho,east sldo, thanks to
th'o prophets favoring us, Bolloviio
quickly had tho leather in'dangorouB
closeness to Coleman's goal, but aftor
some excellent play by tho backs
Coloman assumed thp1 aggressive, T,
Barnes finding touch'transferred play
and then by somo "really,.splendid,
work by Bollbvup's'right lialf tho first
goal "w'tis chalked up, to ou. visitors.
This sO'omdd to ardiiso bur crowd who
wore" koUlrig warm'bd ,*to thblr' work
and * there * was febod - football - shown
by botlv'teams. 'McCulIoch* wnff* ;ln
flno form' and* playod tlio host gamo
of 'tlio 'seasons, all of which'1 ought tb;
show lho boys thb Importance of constant''practice.' Ruffy; *_roBor, 'Jenkins, not; fbrgottlng'Tony Smith; nl(
did sonfo" good worlc, bu); If'bno wants'
to get tho bost'result'It means prac-'
tlco, prnctlco* and tuori irioro prac-
tlco.   " , ,.,--,
On aoobunt of *nollovup bolng Into
on tho flold darkness compelled tho
gamo's stopping 20 mtautoB boforo
tho tlmo was up with tho gamo standing Bollovuo 2, Coloman 0.
■    1 4>
* Denotes two points doductod 'or
playing Inollgtblo players.
A mooting of tho 0, N, P, f, L.
will ho hold nt nollevun Raturdfty,
September .'ird, 1010,
On Monday night the race between
tho two ponl-tH of T, Mott and J, Minton respectively mndo the run up
Victoria avenuo with the result thai
the Utter; far outdUUucod IU rival
•nd won tha I100.J  j^-jjjijj ,*j»   ,
Dy Fred Roo,
If tho truth In good lot's linvo it.
If noi, It Rhmilil not tin 111 thn npprovnl
ot our sllonco,
10. II. Tt'lfor, (The Ihiiiio Wnllon
of Cnlgnry), und parly of six gontlo-
men nnd hcIioIiiih nro on in pod on
Smith Fork   nud  lho wny Iho  Iron I.
Is Hailing Into Mm Itnnclmmu'H clnli
, , , *,
«tt i.tiiKUi j i-i mum i./.iJv a hn" it"* ," j
Dw cold '.-.iile nf ;\ fl'-hfrmnn's tfitnh-'
Hlono. I
Mrs,  li.  D.  Ilolllflny  of Toronto,)
Mis.  («,  V.  Kiini'iibon,  Fornio, niul
O. W. Hmitli visited UlUo Monday.
A purty of C. 1'. II. dlrotlors niul
Hii-oirinii\ii i-iinnii-i-in ni**.*- lMtiv.u'i'iirt *i»n-
oIubIvo and gnmey trout ln tho wntors
of thiB river girdled lown.
Our old collcgo chum, Sandy McDougall, railed on us this wook and
nftor laying n few miles of 80-pound
steel wo decided to glvo the socrot
of our gi-nIM deposition to the gen-
ml puwllr*. So If y«u would enjoy
life au \v-' do Junf mali*o np your
mind to, lot tbo oilier fellow de the
C. It, Wk'kt-011. inAiisger of tliflt
Merchants' Hank, Wt for Winnipeg
[    V.  Downs,  Flax-ulnno** pine  king,
wa* >x vUUo.  iUU WMik.
J. M. Arrow, the   big   hardware
., ...      ■'• '-.-■ ■'.'',. *        • . -      •       ■*•
• ■ 1     ■    , ' >   ____________—______________________________
: .  .    :   ■ ,' 1    1   ■    '    '    '     '
-      Big Programme of Spqrts including:  ,
.. .• . .   •■*,., I,, > ■
,*"'**'     , . ■ M  ■ ■
Horse Races, Foot Races,
Football, Baseball, Tug-of-War,
Squaw Tepee and Pony Races,
and Tennis Tournament, etc.
r n x I NG
15 T?Hq-At  NicH-ir-m PH«   .
Harry Lombard, of Chicago, and Charles Carver
Champion ofthe British Army and Navy
In The Ferine Opera House at 9:30.     Ringside Seats $2.   Admission $1.00 ;
AH Ecntries close Sept. 2nd.   Make all entries with the Secretary
G. H. BOULTON, President W. S. STANLEY, Secretary
■ L \S ~
•-"Tr"-"~m* • ■ ■" ■■• * ■■ -»^r*-r ■*""—i—,-r  'sr-j*-""-"_ "* T*~**^T3 ", '""_• ■    ' "■■i ■■»■** i BriffJ:" "' ■wl'i*n- i»ti.»-   , 11 ii, ■!■ in1 'I. i""* ^fi-*-!"—'*""j—"i-—      " "ijf i-i1 «~"«-i- ,     »—■-_ »—, f-.^., ... „—■■■ ,    .. .1 ..——
■y '
. -- „5e •■=■','-.
.J ' -,
- -'.- *•
^ * •'.* ,   ', 'ff        ' s»   ■*"   *>•"--, * "*■•    V-,    '
and   Coal
Different kinds of Electrical Equipment and the Conditions Adapted
Development of Electricity as Applied to Coal Mining Complexing
'  i    , By F. C. Albrecht.
The subject of "Electricity and Coal
Mining" has been discussed so much
of late that it might possibly be considered threadbare were it not for its
, vast importance. Instead of becoming
threadbare, however, the contrary is
true. The indications are that this
subject will become a more and more
absorbing topic for some time to come.
With development and growth, this
will naturally be the case. Especially
is this true at present in view of
the pending legislation in several of
the coal-producing states. What the
various state legislatures and also our
' national government will do, in tho
future, will "be awaited with Jceun interest by all mine owners, managers,
■ superintendents, and everybody else
Inierestecfin.the coal mining and electrical industries.
The two industries,' electrical and
mining, aro very closely related to
each other. This Is not only true of
coal mining, but iUso of the mining
bf all other-- mineral products. The
largo  gold,  silver, copper,  lead  and
■ other mines are all being electrically
operated. The coal mining and electrical industries are, however, more
closely* related to each other than
any of the others. *' For is it not true
that, to a ■ certain extent, we have
here what we may call (by taking
some liberties perliaps( a form of
perpetual' motion? Or, to describe
same as perpetual energy would be
better. By this I mean that we use
coal, which is stored energy, to put
under our boilers, which, through the
medium of steam fed to the engine
and the engine in turn driving the
generator furnishes electricity. Then,
this electricity fed to the electric
locomotive 'is the medium of getting
out more coal, some of which, finds
its way tb the boiler again, so tint
similarly to the qucsiion regarding
the chicken and the egg, one might
well ask, who started the ame anyway?,
To that question, about the only
answer that we can give Is that the
mule started, the trouble.' And right
here 1 wish to say "that full credit
should be given to the mule, and all
animal haulage in general, for wbat
they have accomplished in connection
with coal mining.
* I believe I can say without fear of
successful contradiction, that with the
exception of some special cases, including the opening of new mines,
 that the day's of animal haulage in
coal mining will before long be a
thing of the past. All coal* mines
of any considerable output today are
operated by mechanical haulage, this
in the majority of instances being
electrically driven. Electricity has,
in short, become indispensable\to tho
coal mining Industry. It Is a part of
coal mining and it will remain-so.
It is horo to slay, nand more power
to it!'
Electricity is practically independent, of distance. The question of distance has been one of tho most deciding factors In favor of electricity.
Electric current can be transmitted
any distance, 'it simply being a case
of selecting a voltage proportional
to the length of transmission.' There
Is no other form of energy that is
transmitted so efficiently nnd conveniently as electrical. In thoso days
where, In mnny cases, tho "workings
nro a mile or more Inside, tho operator Indeed would havo a hnrd prob-
lom to solvo, to got his coal out on
n competitive ,ba8ls, wero It not for
electricity. Electric underground
traction has onsily surpassed all othor
mot hods of power hauling.
Tlio development, of" electricity ns
applied  to  coal  mining  has  boon  a
, vory Interostlng one to tho mnnu.ao
turor of electrlcnl apparatus.   It has
presented   some moro  or  loss  com-
'pW problmns, Uio solving of which
Iiiih proven vory Interostlng.   Accordingly,  It In now very upparent Unit
no niimufiK-turor cnn hopo to huopphh-
< fully handle nils   lino   of   business
without having In tho flold, first of
nil, salesmen who nro ongJnu->rs nnd
■who nro ospeclnlly trained nnd equipped to hnndlo this   lino   of   work.
Thoso    HnloHinen    must    fnmlllnrlzo
Mn. M, Jim-wit,
(ni Miircun Bu,
Monirul, uyil
•• A tinrrlrf
run rams out til over my bsb/i 'see and
i^c.-lu.iul U LiJlulmllyCi.'vaci] Ms t_ 1*.*-.
It wai IrriUttnc and painful, snd uuud
(hi little one hourt ol luiTerln-j, We tiled
loat-ii and powdeu and ulrtt, bit he cot
nn t-flt-T. He refuted hli food, got quite
thin nnd worn, and wai reduced to a very
wrlniH ronilltion. I wan advised to try
Zir.vHuV, and did ia It wai wonderful'
how It seemed to cool and eaia the child's
burning, painful ikln, Zam-Duk from the
very commencement itemed to C" ''llht le
the ipot, and the pimples and torn and the
Irritation grew leu and leu. Within a
few weeki my biby'l ikln wu heated
completely. He hu now not a trace, of
tub, or eiupiiun, or eciema, or burning
•ore. Not only w. but cured of (he tor-
mi-titli-iff ikln Umihu, H» h»» lmprov*d In
cenefaOiealth. I
ZtMltak li mM at ill «***. *ei m*Jtk1»* -m-1
tin,y. a _»,km ft** (mm l*m-Mt Ca.,I
Tortmta,fmprk*,*huu*(mt:tta, Acwubitartl
in, nil iUn rflwont, enii, bar**, ete,, and tarpnat, |
themselves thoroughly with mining
conditions and requirements. They
must study the coal mining business.
This is necessarily the case, as there
are continually being presented to the
manufacturer new, inquiries asking if
some new mining contrivance can be
arranged to operate electrically. This
has therefore developed not only the
special salesman for mining work,
but naturally this development has
gone on further' along the line, producing in turn the designing depart-
n.out the designing *>nginper w.o
miikcr*. o specialty of equipments ior
mining work. Likewise, there is the
mining department in the shop as
regards the manufacturing end. Coal
mining has therefore produced* what
can either bo called the "electrical
mining engineer" or the "mining
electrical engineer." Perhaps the
latter would • be the better application. Now then, what has been the
result of all this? Simply the result
tliat the electrical equipments of our
up-to-date mines are second to none.
The last four or five years have
seen remarkable strides In the application of electricity. The coal cutting
machine is no longer an experiment.
A-' practical electrically driven drill
has been devised. Also a puncher,
wliich can be operated either by direct
or by alternating, current, has been
manufactured* and' is now operating
on a commercial basis in both alternating current and direct current
plants, giving very satisfactory results. , ,v
Fans which; the mine owners were
originally afraid to drive by electricity are now replacing the, steam-
driven kind with their long and uneconomical and expensive, steam lines.
The electrically driven tipple-, machinery is a great advance in economy over the old engine driven kind.
The electrically driven pump in wet
mines is an enormous saving over
the old compressed-air pump. For the
sprinkling system 'which is now being used, motors are required. Boxcar loaders electrically driven are becoming more and more in favor also
coke drawing machines and larries
electrically operated. We can say
that practically the, entire operation
is electrically controlled, and a brief
discussion of some of the many electrical systems and equipments may
therefore be in order.'
As nowadays mines are brought in
more or less close contract with each
-otheri-eithe*. through _he-combinatlons-
oi several small companies or on account of the growth of any one company, the powerhouse of today is
rapidly resolving itself into' an alternating current proposition, being the
central source of power for the
various mines, " »
Alternating current, at is introduction in the commercial fields of lighting nnd power, presented many new
problems to tho electrical engineer.
Many engineers predlcted'nll sorts of
troubles and difficulties; but while at
first, and naturally so, thore did develop some obstacles, theso have now
been motsly overcome, with tho result
that tlio,, polyphase ' system, which
means olther a two-phase or a throo-
phase system, of alternating curront
transmission, with its adaptability to
largo units and long distances, haB
proven Itsolf „a commercial success
in ovory respect.'
In tho powerhouse wo hnvo tho
most. Improved , types of hollers and
stokers nnd holiorliouso equipment in
gonornl, Noxt, thore aro tho engine-
driven, direct-connected, alternating
current generators, or bottor yet, tur-
blno units. In tho steam drivon
turbine there has boen porfoelod ono
of the greatest improvements of tho
ago, both from tho standpoint' of tho
•manufacturer nind tho opornlor, The
rapid growth iu tho manufacture nnd
salo of turbines speaks for Itsolf.
Stonm turbines ns'prima movers hnvo
long slnco passed tho oxporlmontnl
stngo. Thoy are' bolng usod In all
Industries, nnd tho mining Industry
Ih now beginning to clnlm Its Hlinro.
Tho tui'hlno can bo opnrnlod both non-
coiiiIoiikIiib nud liondiiiiHlng, the hitler
giving the hoHt remiltR. Ono of thn
merits nf thn turbine Is Hin smnll
nmount of floor space required, another Is thnt it Is very economical
find officlont.
Having eiiKliios nmd gonornlorH, a
modorn swltolibonrd Is liiHtnllod for
tlio control of Iho generating units,
logotlior willi llm various outgoing
circuits. This Hwllelihnnrd will ho
■•quipped wit holl clreull breakers nnd
oil switches, various safety ilovleon,
volt mot ors, nminotoi'H, frequency
motors, power factor meten*, otc.
Tho nxrllnr set. ('nnslstlng of n direct curront. compound-wound generator, usually wound for 125 volts and
iihciI for tho excitation of tho generating units, may bo olthor engine or
motor driven.
Transformers come In uso whoro
the generator voltage Is rnlHPd. Tho
voltage generated muy ho 2,200 vnlls,
but it Is deslrnblo on account of tho
length of transmission tn rnlso tho
voltngo to 13,000, or ovon 83,000 vous,
ur uny ulltt-r -Jc-iltt-il t-jftdftu. "•Knit.
liig trnnsformors" aro Installed to
ralso Iho original gonorntor voltngo
In the proper transmission voltngo.
Lightning arresters, choke colls, dis-
rnrmprtlnB' mwltobnn with their rt.
tnlls, for protective apparatus, complete tho alternating current powerhouse,
Among tho principal advantages of
a contral powor station, thoro Is tho
groat saving In copper and nlso tho
maintenance of u good and steady
working voltage, especially whoro the
workings nro located consldornhlo dis-
tancna front tho powerhouse, Tbo saving In copper In many Instances more
than balances the entire cost of the
sub-station during the lifo of the
The nf *t -M-sp la the transmission of
power. If alternating current be mod
tho main powcrhouso generally furnishes current at approximately 2,400
or' 6,'6 00 volts, although 3,300, 13,000,
and* other ,voltages are used. This
current, being -, for power service,
should be a 25-cycle, 3,000 alternations, polyphase circuit, preferably
three phase. .The current is then
transmitted from the powerhouse to
substations, where it is first transformed to a lower voltage by means
of lowering transformers and then, by
a rotary converter or a motor-generator set, is transformed from alternating into direct current. The substation equipment will comprise also
a switchboard, protective apparatus,
and other details similar to ' powerhouse equipment, but not oh so large
a scale.
Tho lowering transformers are generally arranged, to transform from
2,400 to 6,600 volt high tension to"ap-'
proximately, 440 volts low * tension.
The low voltage alternating current
circuit Is, through, the rotary panel of
the switchboard, used on the alternating current side of the rotary' converter, whicli gives off on the direct
current side from 550 to 600 volts.
The approximate ratio of the alternating current to ,the,,direct current
voltage is about 7:10. In other words,
the alternating current voltage is approximately ,7 that of the direct current. Similarly, If the alternating
current voltage on the rotary converter is approximately 160 volts, then
the direct current voltage will be
around 250 to 275 volts.
If the motor generator sets are used
instead of rotary converters, the balance of the equipment is about the
same. * At, times though, lowering
transformers are dispensed with. This
is in cases where ' the alternating-
current transmission line is not too
high. Then it is proper to have a
2,200-volt or 3,300-volt or even a 6,600-
volt. alternating current motor, direct
connected to a 660 or 275 or 250-volt
direct current generator. "Generally
speaking though, lt is considered advisable to put in lowering transformers, even with motor generating sets,
as that makes it safer for the operator. A further advantage is that the
lowering transformers act as additional protective ' apparatus—having
the high tension and low tension sides
separated. This arrangement also has
the additional feature that taps "may
be taken*, from the transformers to
operate independent^ alternating current circuits.
While discussing substation equipment, It is well to note the ease arid
these equipments, as* compared with
boilers, engines, and generators. Substation equipments require no special
foundations and no anchoring. The
floor space required, is considerably
less than an engine and generator
unit. The substation equipment requires practically no attention and Is
almost automatic, easily adjusting itself to the' various loads and conditions.
' Having transformed' the curront
from the alternating current to tho
direct current this current must bo,
transmitted Into tho mine for the
locomotives, motor-driven pumps, cutting machines. By this means the
operations are Independent of e.i-.h
othei, f.no not bain*-.-; affected by the
load fluctuations of tho other. . The
substation therefore foods both kinds
of current simultaneously to tho samo
A well-known engineer connected
with ono of the largo coal mining
companies of Wost Virginia has vory
adequately summod up tho advantages
of a central power station nnd Its
sub-stations for mines as follow-***:
Minimum outlay for copper. Main-
tonnnco of good working voltage.
Flexibility in mining operations. Bettor conditions in rail bonding, Ex-
pfciislvo foundations aro not roqulrod
at sub-stations. Wator and fuel nre
not roqulred nt sub-sjatlons, Adaptability for lighting nt remoto places
together with local lighting. Formlts
tho uso of hlgh-voltngo, nltornntlng-
current motors, Reduces numbor of
station oihployos nnd consoquontly nf-
focts tho lalior oxponso, Low cost
for oil nnd wnsto, Capacity may bo
Iosh thnn combined cnpaclllos of ;i
number of small dlroct current stations,
In lho mine there Is tho olcctrlc
locomotlvo or "olootrlc mulo" as It Is
sometimes known, This olcctrlc mulo
Is subject to exactly tho same kicks
and nhtiHo that tho original mlno mule
wiih Htilijoclod to, hut. nftor tho day's
work Is done (Ioob not, roqttlro nny
oats and hay, In ordor to bo roady
for the noxt dny's work, but wllh
vory little Inspoctlon or enro, Is
"right ou the job" again tho nuxt
Thoro are throo classes of el no trie
mlno locomotives: first, tho regular
liniilngo locomotlvo, gonornlly of from
8 to 20-ton capacity. Thoro nro, of
course, locomotlvos of ovor 20-ton
capacity, bnt genornliy a bettor practice whore conditions will permit, Is
lo hnve two 10-ton or two 13-ton
or oven two Ifi-lon locomotives, which
onn bn nnernlnd either sennrntolv or
tandem. Too hoavy a locomotlvo
moans it very heavy Iron for the
track, and It Is ofton unwieldy and
In tho second plnee, with a gathering locomotlvo'of tlio reel typo, tha
InroTTiOtlvo  trooa Into tlio room,   Milln
out tlio "lends" and pushes bank In
tho -"empties." Tho reels are furnished
with either single or double wlro,
depending-upon tho locnl conditions
In the mlno,
Tbo gathorlng locomotlvo known at
the "traction reel" or "crab type"
does not go Into the room at all, but
it wire cable of from three-eighths
of au Inch to flvo-elghtha ot an inch
thick and about COO feet long, U
easily pulled Into the room and fi*-
timed to the loaded car, which la
then pulled out by means of a separate
motor wllh Ita equipment of -controller, resistances, hoso and wire and
other dctalli
Both   of   the gathering types of
locomotives are now being built so
as to use one of the main hauling
motors of the ■ locomotive for gather--
ingialso'. "This is performed by having a .clutch arrangement . which,
.throws-the reel or crab so,as to
operate"with one- of the hauling
motors.-- The clutches are independently controlled -and therefore the
operator can-"drive the locomotive
cAnly, if. desired!' or the reel or'crab
only, or he; can drive both the "reel
and locomotive together at once and
the same time." A foot-brake is also
applied to,, the reel-drum shaft so that
a,car being hauled'by the wire rope
can be held on the grade if desired.
Both forms of,gathering' locomotives
are also being built* with further
modifications, and are equally adaptable. .   /."
A.s  regards  the  cost  of operating
with electric haulage, it is obviously
difficult to give exact figures which
will apply in all  cases,, biit it has
already been pointed out that electrical haulage is cheaper than animal
haulage.   Tho life bf the locomotive
in the first place is longer than that
o'f the mule, there'being locomotives
today in actual service, which were
installed 10 or 12 years ago. -Against
this, two or three years is the average* life of a mule.    The lengths ot
the haul and speeds required are also
very much in favor of,the locomotive.
Tho  electric   locomotive   does  not
run up a 'larh_. feed bill-   It is not
shocked   and   consequently   hurt   oy
coming in' contact with wires, but on
the contrary, rather likes it and gets
its "nourishment", in that''way. ' The
locomotive  does    not    require   anywhere near    the "attention that the
mule does.   In fact, in a good many
mines, the locomotive is given practically no attention whatsoever, until
something    breaks    down. "Then of
course, everybody from the management" down_ gives it the very closest
attention and  wonders what in the
world  is wrong.    The  writer ,would
wish  that 'the. locomotives, were inspected and overhauled oftener than
they are. '*__ a general rule, if ever
a piece of machinery is abused, it is
the electric mine locomotive.  As long
as,a locomotive will move, car,after
car, is added to the trip, until something has tofgive way.
The relative costs of mule and electric haulage have been" tried out, and
the growth of electric haulage speaks
for itself. . I, have been unable to
find any cases where electric haulage
has been used and then again abandoned, unless it was where very
gaseous mines, developed.   -
A word next as to the operation of
fans for ventilation." Tbe motors used
here must be perfectly reliable, as on
the successful operation of these, depend the lives and efficiency of men
inside of the,mine. Good air and a
proper supply of It is required, and
the fan is therefore depended upon
to furnish this. In connection with
-the-e!ectrlc&!!v— driven-.fan _I_was.ii-e—
cently told by a prominent mine manager* tbat only once in the last five
years has he had to call his men
out of the mine on-account of trouble
from this source.
The form* of drive for fans, tliat Is,
whether the fan3 should be geared or
belted, or chain driven, should be carefully studied In each Instance. ^ In
somo cases the one form of drive
gives the best result; ln another Instance, another form of drive Is preferable. Whero there Is a great
fluctuation In1 voltage," cither a belted
or chain drivo Is desirable. If floor
space is an item, then between theso
two the chain drive is tho proper ono.
If the voltage Is constant and good
regulation secured, then a geared fan
Is proper. Coupled fans cnn also be
seriously considered and these are In
actual oporation. Variations In spwd
can bo obtained by either variable-
speed motors or, in tho, caso of bolted
*muchlnoB, different pulley combination can bo- usod.
Electric hoists are operated l.y
olthor direct or alternating curront
mot oiB. Thoro aro also the electrically drivon cutters and punchers
previously referred to. Thoro aro also
motors for pumps. It would bo difficult to keep track of tho great* number of motors .from ono horsepowor
up to even 800 horsepower capacity
that are, day In and day out, working
away, connected to pumps' of every
Hlootrlclty, in addition to bolng used
ns a source of powor, Is nlso used
for lighting, noi only tho mlnos, tho
offlcos, and various othor - buildings
about tho mlnos, but tho same current Is often UBod for lighting tho
towns locatod "nonr tho^ mines, and In
this way Is ofton "an additional
source of rovonuo.
As far as tho altornatlng-curront
voltago In tho mlno Itsolf, thoro has
boon and still is considerable discussion, Many nro of tho opinion thnt
tlio voltngo should not oxeood 27fi or
300 volts. On tho other hand, nnd
llioro aro Just ns mnny if not moro,
who consider RGO to 000 volts not
oxcoHslvo. Cortnlnly thoro Is no getting nwny rtonv tho fact thnt with
tho higher voltngo thero'Is n great
saving In copper, and also that In
most cases a bottor working voltngo
will be maintained. Looking at tho
qiiemioii from tho standpoint of
safety, It Is truo tho high voltago Ib
moro likely lo kill a mnn than tho
lowor, IJut tho point Is to keep away
from tho wlro, Especially In high
conl this should easily bo nrrangod.
Tn -mnny hint-won,-thr* trollov wlro
can ho placed from flvo to nevon
ruot above the rail and Bhould always
bo placed from four to eight Inches
to (he outside of tho rail. With ordinary precaution this should bo entirely safo,
W?.'c.'*n the fsul !i lw ft ™ifbt fi***
bo conslderod proper, to put In the
lower voltage, although It li by no
moans conslderod   absolutely  noces-
It hns boon pointed out at various
times by some operators that they
ronnldor thn higher voltage safer than
the lowor. Their argument Is tbat
with the lower voltage, tho men got
familiar and careless. On the other
hand, they have considerable respect
for the higher voltago and are more
careful ond have lesa nccldonts.
The writer doea not mean to con-
f.f»d„ though, that wny Ironclad rate
nr law ahmiM any that the operator
muat use either the higher or lower
voltage, Thin would be entlroly wrong
Lizard Local Genera! Teamsters No.
,,141/   'Meets every-Friday night at
" 8 p.m. Miners ,runion hall.     A. - L.'
: Doles, Fresldeht; William Long, Recording, Secretary. "     '     -
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and- 4th' Sundays at 2.30 .p.m." Secre-
. tary J. A. Goupill,:Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Meets 2nd and-,4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.     1); IteeSj.Se.i.
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
and Joiners: Meets in'the Miners'
Union Hall.-   A. Ward/Secretary.
'y- . DENTIST.   ':_y';-\;< •
_ Offtee:.Johnson-Faulkner,Block..
Hours 9-12. 1-6; "'  -'•*'-IJhpM172
. Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.c!
'",    Hours 9 to. 1; 2,,to 5; 6 to 8.
■*',    Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
Typographical Union No.'555* '• Meets
last Saturday in each month at the
Ledger Office.    A. J, Buckley, Sec-
, retary. .,'.""•
Local Fernie No. 17 "S. P. of.C. Meets
in Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer. ,
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners, Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. Oi' 307.
W. R. Ross K. C. .7.    w:s. Lane
-    •    Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Ir ■*> f'
A. McDougall,'.Mgr..
a r
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D. J. Evans,
President; F. H. Shaw. Secretary.
Cox 8treet
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
and arbitrary., There are arguments
In favor of both, but I would contend
that, in each instance, a careful inspection should be made and careful
consideration" given to each Individual
case. Local conditions will largely
determine what voltage should be installed. And furthermore, I would
submit, that no matter whether 250,
275 or 550 volts, or whatever voltage
is used, the wire should be bare, uninsulated wire.' Insulated wires in a
mine' are treacherous. The insulation will not last hi a mine more
than six months, or a year at most.
It deteriorates rapidly and becomes
a menace instead of an additional
safeguard. The wire should be bare
ane.everyone operating In the mines
given to understand tliis. in order
that proper precaution and care - be
taken. '" "   ' -''"".-."
A system of wiring that^meets with
much favor where conditions will permit is the "three-wire system." By
this means 550 volts can be taken
from the generator' or rotary con-;
verter and divided in half, using two
circuits of 275 volts each. The three-
wire system wasoriginally Introduced
in order that a saving in copper might
be obtained.' Tlie system has become
in general use for both lighting and
■power—distribution;—It—permits-df— a
saving of 25 per cent in copper in
the feeder, when figured on" a-basis
of current capacity; or- a saying of
621/*. per cent when figured on a basis
of drop potential, when the neutral
wire is considered1 as'equal in size to
one of the-outside wires. i
In'the primary installations of,the
three-wire system It was necessary to
use two generators. connected' In
series, having the neutral wire joined
to tho common connection. Of course,
this necessitated having two generators in service at all times,' regardless of whether there was a large or
small load. However, "necessity Is
tho mother of Invention," nnd as a
result a throe-wire generator was do-,
signed .which would* give tho samo
service ns tho original schemo of
having two two-wire machines In service. Another result of the three-wire
generator wns an Increased offlcloncy,
Ono generator had but one sot of
losses to overcomo while two generators had two sets. Again one large
generator hnd a better efficiency than
either of,, tho' two smaller ones.
Tho throo-wlro direct current generator is vory similar In appoaranco
to tho two-wlro direct curront gen-,
orator, except that It nlso hns collector rings, somowhnt like a rotary
converter, but In tlio caso of tlio
three-wlro gonorntor, lt has Its collector rings on the snmo side ns Its
commutator, In ^addition thoro aro
furnished auxiliary npparatuB known
as bnlnnclng colls, Throe-wiro generators mny bo operated In parallel
with each othor, or In- parallel w'th
two-wlro gonornlors If roqulrod, For
Instance ,a throo-wlro 550-volt gonorntor may bo oporntod In parnllol
with two 275-volt gonorntors In sorlos,
This throo-wlro system does not
confine Itsolf to gonorntors nlono, but
cnn nlso bo usod In connection with
rotary convortors In sub-stations, thus
falling right In line with nltornntlng
curront trnnsmlsslnn. Ily monns of
tho throo-wlro systom, -lt Is possible
to uso tho lilghor voltngo, thnt Is, r>r>0
volts, for tho locomotlvo, considering
tho truck ns tho neutral and return.
This system, ns can onsily bo noon,
is nt. Its best wlioit tlio load Is ovon-
ly divided botwoon two operations, It
Is posslblo, howovor, to oporato whon
thoro Is ns much ns 2fi per cont tin-
balanced load, Obviously though, this
system ennnot bo used In nil' cases,
It Is not a "euro all" for all ovlls,
but oxnetly llko nil othor systems, hns
Its own spoclnl applications nnd conditions,
Whilo, ns sfntod, dlfforont conditions In different, plncos will require
tbo spoclnl study ot tho local conditions, aud villi lu thai way dttaruiltio
which systom should bo Installed, still
doe* It not soom advisable that thoro
should ba somo wolldoflnod and established rules governing the installation of plootrlrnl on«lpmi»nt In mlnnH?
In other words, standardize. It Is woll
known, that In order to get the best
results out of any business, stand-
nrdUalion and system are necenary,
Without certain rules, regulation, and
system, the highest efficiency cannot
be obtained. Therefore, tbo aoonor
mining and electrical men get together and adopt a system of standards mutually agreeable and understood, the better it will be and much
will be accomplished.
I nm glad to aay that seme steps
In this direction hate already been
taken. At the last meeting ef the
American Mlnln* eongfeas. In Pitta*
Fernie, B. C.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber  -
i. t*
Send us your orders
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
(Continued on P*ge Seven.)
Queen's Hotel
Under New. Management
Excellent  Table and
7,   all white help
Additional. Table for
.28 More Men      -
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Bar Unexcelled
Al! White Help
Gall in and
see us once
Bar supplied with the best Wlnos,
Liquors and Cigars
On flrat olaei
business and residential property,
Real Estate & Insurance
Creo & Moffatt
Aoront   rernle   lirai-tch
Pellatt   Ave.    Worth
The Hotel of Fernie
.Ferule's, Leading Commercial
... and Tourist Houso
■ , S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie,
P. O. Box 308
»__Mwm_Mii ■—_■■ n imt
In proforonco to oUiorg la the one *
wliono label boars our namo which la
a guarantee of both purity and quality,
hut toll tbem by the oaao to flrat class
bolole, floaters, clubs, oto. Ask for
them nnd ywtll know why thn bent
Judges prefer them.
Ledger Ads Pay ;'a-'-s!r:,^*.'. *
'.   0...
."-". -■ - i!
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
7* "'7 Gents' 'Furnishings-.       :   •
A complete line of samples of
Fall Suitings and
Worsteds, Serges
SLtid. Tweeds
V Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
TKeyWeetisNewsrfor•        f
*7   .'-'<. '    .{7-i *.•'*• 7*■'■-'■ ".        _\
Our Foreign I
Es wird- * zur allgeineirien, Kenntnis
,1. Der Ber_ma_n. _Johani_ (Jan)
Weststrasse 112, vorher in Fernie in
Britisch Columbien, «elt.3 jahren, sohn
der' Eheleuto * Invalide Stanislaus
■Mogielka und Marianna geborenen
Wyrwas, wohnhaft in Wattenscheid.
2. Die' Hedwig geborene Andrysiak,
Witwe von Arbeiter Stephan Wojtal-
ewicz, ohne Beruf, wohnhaft in Rot-
thausen, Briesenstrasse 117, vorher in
Diisseldorf und.Bensberg, Tochter des
Invaliden Andreas Andryslalc,'- wohnhaft In Rotthausen und. selnei* vers-
torbenen Ehefrau Victoria- geborenen
Greiczk, zuletz't wohnhaft in Rotthausen, die. che mit einander elngohen
wollen.      . •  "
Die Bolcanntinachung hat in den
Gemeinden Rotthausen, Wattenscheid,
Dusseldorf, Bensberg. und durch die
in Fernie erscholhende Tageszeitung
"District Ledger" zu erfolgen.
Etwaige auf Ehehlhdernlsse sich
stuetzendo. Einsprachen haben binneri
zwel., Wochen bel dem Uhterzeiclineten
zu geschehen. *
Rotthausen, Kreis Essen in Preussen
11 August, .1010.
;  Rotthausen,
"       ' , Zu Vertretung,
Ortseifen.  '
' ■ (Stempel) ;  •   . .
Konigl. "Preuss. Staudesamt Rotthausen Kreis Essen.
To. all to whom-it may concern, greeting:       .'"",'
.   That:     ,-
1. John,(Jan) Mogielka,*'at present
living at 112'Weststrasse, Watten-
scoid, formerly °in Fernie for the past
three years, is engaged to be married
to     <,''-.'"■     '.„'■:_     -•
2.* Hedwig. widow of - Stephen
Wojtalewicz; living at 117 Brieseh-
strasse, and if there be'any'.objection
thereto due notification of same must
be.sentT within ,. two■ weeks to the
undersigned.' " ■   .7. - - •  ,    ,..
'   "   ' ORTSEIFBN,-
- -"' , ' -     Rotthausen,
,    -Kreis Esseii,
"(SEAL) -''..•'      ' "' Germany.
Dne 15. dubna   1910.  bude ' tomu
dvacet roku, co vypukla elementarni
Dining; Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table Board
Meals 25c,   Meal Tickets $5.00
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining Ronm Mgr,
r* * -,
Fernie Dairy
delivered to all
parts of tho town
8nndei's (k" Verhaeit Brothers.
vln'sky r.evlr, trebas na stavky nejbo*
hatsl jest, nikdy, pred tlm nevldei:
Postaveni horfiiku bylo y tehd'ejsl dobe
hrozno. Surove nadavky, telesne
tresty, coz jeste provazeno .stalym
sulzoyanlm mzdy. , Nespokojenost
rostla, zivot staval se prlmo zoufalym.
*yto dobe se proletarskym zlvotem
usnesenl mezlnnrodnlho sjezdu,,,odby-
.vanoho roku 1899 v PaiizI, k n'emuz
postuven byl navrh soudruha Lavlg-
nea: ' SlavenI svetoveho svatku,
prvnlho kvetna roku 1890.'
Hornici s nadsenim slrill otazku
syeceni prvnlho kvetna a kojlll so
nadejl, ze konecno zasvitne jim jlskra
svobody do jlch, to doby nevolnlckoho
zivota. Nedovodll vsak cha'pat, zo mu-
zo byti svoboda dobyvana bez leneze
aaclrkovnlch obradu. Vo svom cltovo
nabozoniJkom zanlcenl usncsll se na
dolo Emma slavlt prvnlho kvetna a
sblrkou meal sobou pri vyplato sebrnll
85 z 1„ jez zanesll pol.-ostravskomu
farati P. Blttovl, nbyznno elouzil, 1.
kvotna polnlmBl, za dosazenl osmt-
hodlnno doby pracovni, Faror, BItta
na mlsto, aby prani horniku, v nomz
o necom vyBlovono robolantskom no-
bylo ani potucby, vyhovel, donuncoval
horniky u Wllczkovflkeho hornlho
redltolo n Btnrosty pol.-OBtravskoho,
ktory doputacl ponlzo odebral, nochal
noktoro zatknout a ostatnlch ueBt
clonu doputaco z praco propustll.
V nodoll, t, j, 13, dubna mol P,
BItta lcnzrinl, v nomz vyslovll so protl
VBOobocnetnu sveconl 1, kvotna jakozto
zaBveconeho nvatku, ponevadz jonom
clrkvl Bvato prlnalozl pravo zasvocono
Bvatky ustanovovatl.
, Toto jodnanl pobourllo horniky tak,
zo dno 15, dubna 1800 zastavlll praci,
Stnvlcujlol zftdall oflmlhodhinou dobu
pracovni, odstrnnoul ukolovo praco a
mlnlnialnl mzdu dva zlato. V dobo
to zamoslnuno bylo Jiz na 2G.000
horniku v uholnom rovlru ostravsko-
knrvlnRkom. A tl v malo dnoch jako
oloktrlckou jlBkrou zasazcnl zastavo-
vall praci a zadall s nlml vytcono jiz
Slovo „Rtavka" noulo ro od UBt k
UBtum,   v   hlublilach   duso   horniku
probudil se cit.a neznama posud moc
otrasla' branami srdci * a pobadala
podzemni raby a jich hrdla k.vykri-
kum pomsty! Stavka tato byla oprav-
doyou -myslenkou pomsty, ktera .v.
zoufalem okamziku vede. dav trebas
ha'ostri bodaku. ',   s*
Ostravsti uhlobaroni- svou nenasy-
tnostl,- neustupnosti a nad kamen
tvrdsi necitelnosti, ve svem zpupnem
zivote-* a v rozmarilosti 'svych, rodin,
nerozpoznali onen krvavy ,. kontrast,
jenz sky tal zde bidny zivot horniku,
odsouzenych traviti svui zivot hluboko
pod. zemi v. ustavicnem zapase niezi
zlvotem a ■ smrti, a vehnali tisice
techto otroku, dosud, trpellve snas-
ejicich kazdou frivolnost jejich, do
zoufaleho zapasu.   ,   * '
Zoufaly zivot. Zoufaly boj! Zou-
falstvi! Podevny to kvet byliny, ktera
ma sve koreny hluboko, prills hluboko
v zemi zapuslene. Podivna to Iod, s
nlz "ohromna vichrice zaliodl kotvlc
(nadejl), se'stezne serve posledni cast
plachty, ulomi kormldlo a • takto
odzbrojenu pustl ji, po vzedmutem
mori, na mllost i nemuost. *
_ Hornici dne ,15. dubna na Wilczko-
vskych dolech zastavili praci a jsouce
presvedceni o sve spravedllve veci,
tahli' od zavodu k zavodu, berouce
sobou, n'ejen' delniky, ' ale kazdeho,
koho lia sdnici potkali.' - Mesfak I
vyfihtena panicka s udivenyma ocima,
neosraelili'se nikterak .odporovat. :A
jesta dues hornici vzpominaji, jak
hodne vypaseny mestak'tahl.s davem
a proyolaval sebou „Na zdar". Nahle,.
zvedn'uta - blna brala sebou < vse, co
prislo ji v oestu. :,  '
.Hornici beze vsech nasilnostl zastav-
ovali dul za dolem,' pohnuti jsouce k
tomu dosavadnimi uspechy. Vnikli
take do vltkovickych huti a take i tam
p'i'imeli delniky k- zastaveni prace.
Samotne mestacke listy odhadovaly na
40.000 staykujicicli. Desny utisk a
more spachanclio zla na > hornicich
vyvolalo tento boj * ku vedeni pros-
tnedky,. o_povldajicimi psychologicke
nalirdc hluboko do duse * roztrpcenych
horniku. •*'■,- ;
Hornici byli pany situace celeho
Ostravska. ■ To ysak' trvalo pouze
nekolik hodin. Zamestnavatele zal&zli,
do skrysi, neodvazivse se rouzzurenym
hornikum. ani ukazat. A kdyz stav-
kujici pritahli na *zavod'j nakazall
Ihned sami delnlk'um pracujiclm. aby
opustili ^praci. Nedockave "a bazlive
;pohlizeli ku draze, kteraz dopraviti
jim melajich jedin.xouspasu, „— na
rychld privolahe vojsko. Pripravovala
so tim hornikum. krvava lazen. Stavka
-byla-uplnar'zadny-neodvazii _i"e~jiti-35'
prace, by ho nestihl trest stavkujicich.
Temiie stoly dolu,'- ktere do sebe,
kazdym dnem pojimaly na 40.000
horniku, opusteny a ponechany'samy
sobe. Tragicka vlajka ' zasmusilych
dulnich * skal oznamovala brzke nav-
raceni se pbkorenych horniku, kteri
prinesli krvavou obet za7„blas",' vola-
JIcI po pravu a spravedlnostl."
Vojonske bubny a polnico oznamov-
aly prlchod vojska, mostacl a zamestnavatele vitozoslavne vyhllzell okny.
Stavkujicich zmoonilo se jesto vetsl
roztrpceni, kdyz zvedell zo lc ochrano
kapitalu povolano vojsko, jlmz se to
pozdoji v celem rovlru jen hemzllo. —
Jen samotne vltkovlcko'zolozarny do-
Btaly posadku 560 muzu. Vojsko'roz-
hnnelo delniky i tam, kdo so v mensl
hloucky srnzlll. 16. dubna byli dva dol-
nlct zraneml. 17. dubna tnhl dav delnlku k Vltkovlcim, U zoloznlcnlho via-
duktu hozono nojakyuil nerozvnzny-
ml mladlky na vojiiky kamonlm. Veil-
cl duslojnik velcl proto vojakum do
klldno stojiclch dolnlku strlletl.  A jiz
tekla — d'elnjckakreva ba'rvila tu hor-
kou piidu'Ostravskou! . 3 delnici za-
streleoi, 6"tezcear13 lehce zranenb Po
tomto krvavem aktu- nastalo prave
pronasledovani horniku.' Delnici,mo-
hli se jen v ribci v lesich schazeti a do-
mlouyati. Kdo byl za vudci osobu.o-
znacen, byl bezevseho zatknut. 18. dub-
nabylo vice horniku pred zavodni kan-
celari. Wilczkovou ,v Polske Ostrave
yojenskyml- b'odaky zraneno. Obyoej-
hy to krest a ud'useni nespokojenosti
horniku. Na''miste povoleni opravne-
nych pozadayku prolita byla horni-
ck'a krev. .* • 7 °" ' - ■
■ Dne 24. dubna stavka ukoncena^po
zpupnem a friantskem jednani zames-
tnavatelu, kteri - nechteii arii na
vyzvani okresniho hejtmana Alaslov-
skeho vejit ve vyjednavani se zvolen-
ymi duverniky horniku. Prohlasovali,
ze jsou ochotui „z- dobre vule1" hornikum nejake vyhody- poskytnouti.
Nastalo ticho, ''preryvane mnohde
placem pozustalych, jez prolill svou
drahou krev na zaprasenych ulicich
Ostravska a' cinkotem okovu, jimiz
ve „velkem poctu zatknuti hornici
vodeni byli do.NovehoJicina a Tesina
kdez brzo trestnice byly primo pre-
plneny. °Ti-'esty byly krute. Vedle
vysetrovacl vazby, * ktera trvala, pul
roku, odsouzeni byli hornici take az
na-rok do tezkoho zalare.
Stavka tato mela za nasledek take
sinutne a tragicke smrti 4 horniku
nepatrn'e uslupky, jez zamestnavateli
povoleny byly a .sice:- zkraceni
pracovni doby z 12 na 10 hodin denne,
24hodinny klid a dodrzovani sluze-
bniho radu. Povestny tento sluzebn'i
rad ,byl lonskeho roku zmenen a
nebyl vubec ani dpdrzovan, pres to, ze
obsahoval v. sobe tak kruta a tvrda
ustanovenl. -. . Ostravsti chamtivci
museli k tomu donuceni byti stavkou,
kteraz stala tak veliky'ch obetl a
ktera 'upozbrnila celou verejnost na
tato mista — prava to eldorada uhlo-
baroriu — mohutnym a * zoufalym
.vykrlkem, nesoucim se te doby z ust
nevolniku — horniku. <*
Mame tedy letos dve jubileum:
jedno lOIett velke stavky horniku z
roku 1900, o niz jsme ucinlli zminku
jiz ve 4. .isle t. 1. a 201eti smutne
a tragicky zakoncene stavky, vyvolane
polskoostravskym' fararem, prostou
donunciaci.  -' ' - , •
Dobrovolne ustupky zamestnavateli
ucinene nemely dlouheho trvani., Vse,
co bylo hornikum slibeno, po'castkach
jim opet ubirano bylo,, takze do roka
nemeli hornici z * ustupku nie,. Jen
smutna upominka na zabite, postre-
lene, zavrene a. i prace propustene
horniky jim "zustala.
Krvava stavka byla jeste jedna a
sice dne 9. kvetna roku 1894, kde na'
silnici-iu.jamy Trojice zastreleno* bylo
12 horniku,' mezi nimiz' i 81ety hoch,
lG.tezce a 8 leche poraneno. Krvavy
kresto s, prolitou hornickou krvi prali
si zamestnavatele i urady a pokud
riebyli hornici sorganisovani, potud se
stavka skoncila vzdy s tak smutnym
koncem. .... "
V roce 1900, kdyz nemohly urady
tralisation et-la production etant.in-
suffisamment developpes, le mode de
production et de repartition ne' pou:
vant etre. transforme du jour au len-
demain par simple decret, il en re-
sulterait une -dangereuse survivance
des ehoses'du passe. Or, on imagine
mal un Etat socialiste' adoptant un
mode de production'et de repartition
capitaliste! La revolution prenia-
turee aurait pour consequence l'insta-
bilite du nouvel-etat de ehoses ou la
substitution d'un pouvoir politique, a
un autre..
Dans la conception socialiste, ces
dangers sont ecartes, la revolution
tant la convulsion derniere, la fin
normale d'iine*evolution qui aura e'e
d'autant plus courte que le proletariat
aura ete -plus conscient de ses droits,
de ses devoirs et de sa valeur.
Pour que la revolution devieune possible, il est necessalre que le systeme
de production capitaliste ait atteint un
haul degre de developpemeut et que
les conditions economiques permettent
la transformation des, moyens de production de la propriete capitaliste eu
propriete sociale.      * * ,
C'est grace a la ■ realisation de ces"
deuk conditions: developpemeut eco-
nomique eU puissance consciente in
proletariat, que ce Iui ci sera en
mesure 'de conquerir le pouvoir et de
Ie detruire definitivement en tant que
pouvoir politique.'
Or, ces deux conditions se realisent
tous les jours davantage, par suite du
develloppement du systeme de production capitaliste,' Les confllts entre le
capital et le travail se font plus frequents, marquant chaque fois un pas
en avant dans Vinevltable et irresls:
tible lutte de classe qui en resulte.
Cette lutte de classes et ce de-
veloppemcnt capitaliste ne sont pas
plus le fait d'une volente quelcon'que,
que la reaction finale'qui en resultera,
c'est, a dire la revolution .proletarlenne.
C'est la une necessalre et inevitable
phase de revolution • sotiale.
Le role du ; parti socialiste dans
cette, evolution est d'instruire,
d'edUquei- le proletariat et de Iui four-
nir des armes pour la lutte finale
de la conquete du pouvoir politique, et
son emancipation,
. C'est, sur cetto conception que repose tout le 'socialisme7international
de notre temps.
' En definitive, si revolution du
milieu economique -ictuel aboutit
fatalemont a la disparition, de la
propriete* strictement individuelle, ce
ne sera que par " suite de *. l'action
revolutionnaire,* do la classe, -pro-
duclrice ' et non proprietaire qu'elle
entrera dans sa periode socialiste.
'   Ch. -A.
To realize the importance of fru-'
gaiity is to acquire the habit of sav-'
ing—and of depositing your savings
in a Bank. .
You need not feel embarrassment
in* depositing, as small a'sum as one
dollar in the Bank of Hamilton,
Sii'ch a step will mean for you the
commencement of a new era of ease
and content.
J.  R. LAWRY, Agent,
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000     Reserve, $6,000,000
ani uhlo baroni horniky vyprovokovat,
k cinu, pri nemz by hladovlci horniky
krmlll misto chlebem olovem, ujmuli
se teto povinnosti. narodnl delnici a
.yynasnazlll se,. sec* jlm slly stacili,
vnest do stavkujicich "horniku r'ozkol
a zmatek, aby vojsko vo stavkujicim
obv'odc nebylo nadarmo, a take do-
cillll, zo i tato stavka skoncena so
smutnym vysledlcem — propustenim z
prace pres 300 duvernlku.
Arrarsgementi hove recently been completed under, which the branches
of this Bank are able to Issue Drafts on the principal points
In the following countries:
Finland Ireland
Formosa Italy
France Japan
Fr'ch Cochin-China Java
Germany Manchuria
Great Britain Mexico
Greece Norway '
Holland ..    Persia                 *■
Iceland Phillipine Islands
India   ' Roumania
Faroe Islands
L.  A. S.  DACK, ' ,.  .
South Africa
Straits Settlements '
West Indies  .      ijj
and elsewhere
Manager, Fernie.
♦ Notice to All Mine Workers.  ♦
♦ All minors aro requested to ♦
♦ Btay away (rom Irwin, Madison, ♦
♦ Qreonsburg, Lntrobo nnd othor ♦
♦ mining towns In WoBtmoroland ♦
♦ county, wboro a strike 1ms boon ♦
♦ lb offoct slnco April 1,1010, tho ♦
♦ coal companies having refused ♦
♦ to recognize . tho   minors* or- ♦
♦ ionization or enter Into a worlc- ♦
♦ Ing agroomont.   Agonts of tho ♦
♦ coal corporations aro shipping ♦
♦ mon from various parts of tho ♦
♦ country to tako tho placo of tho ♦
♦ Btrlkors by mlsroproBontlng lho ♦
♦ truo condition of affairs. ♦
♦ Prosldont--#
♦ Soc'y-TronB, ♦
♦ ♦
List of Locals District 18
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■» ***
60  YBAR0'
Tn*or M»«R»
■■ OMiowr
OorrnioHri Ac
HOOOOC ort Vu*nu
'it. U IUM llironin wona.*vu.rMtlfl
unHii emu*, fxvnwx. oh
li,iin«inoH»_ -	
Ymata T-U»ij itiroui
ScicrUiUc Jimcricati
TatLOteaitiraaauaiaiwaaaXr. uue**t<
Ledger Ads Pay
Corrected by District Roorolnry up to May 1st, 1010.
.. Whcnlloy, Ilnnlthend, Altn,
N,"McDonnell, lleavor Crook, via Plnclior
.T, Diirlto, nollfi/iin, Frnnlc, Altn.
Jnmes Turnbull, Illnlrnioro, Alia.
Wm    Anhlri-n, T"VTV.!", .'.Vn.
J, Noll, Cnnmoro, Aim.
T, Uuniloy, Conl City Tabor, Altn,
\V, QrfiliiiMi, Colomnn,-Alia,
0. M. Dnvlus, Cnrbontlalo, Colomnn, Alln.
J, Aplln, Cnrdlff, Altn.
V. K. HI. Amant, Cardiff, Alto.
.Ins, Dnvls, Corbin, J J. C.
Geo. Dobson, Diamond City, I.ethbrldffo.
Uiehnrd Thompson, Frnwr FlntB, Rdmonton
M. Donlo, 434 Lorno St. Norwood, Kdmonton
D, Reos, Pernio I). C.
O. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
J. Ayr-***, TTonmlr, D, C.
3, O, Jones, Hillcrest, Alia.
Tl. TCvnm**, Konmnro, V. T>.
L. Moore, P. o. 3]3, Utlibrldgo, Alia
W. h. Evans. Milo, Frank. Alta.
M.   nildny, Maplo U-*t, Bellovuo, Alln,
M. nirrelt, Michel. D. C.
Nell Duncan. Passburg, Iiellevue. Alia.
Oicer Carlson, Passburg,, Alta.
Cha*. Hmlth, Hoya) Coll., lothbrldgo, Alta,
A, Bbsw, fllrathcons, Alio.
Wm. Russell, Tfther, Alls.
B. Drown Tsber, AH*.
Denver Crook
Cu.J City
lai i
Diamond Cily
Kdmonton        ,
* Edmonton
Lille              1
Maple lAtat
Polico Flau
Roy t\t CbUUrles
Teber    *
U. des T.
Los opinions- sont tres partagees
sur le caractere rovolutlonnalro du
Pour un grand nombre de nos
ndveranlros, revolution, slgnifle;
plllngo, incendies, barrlcadofl, fusillades, massacres, etc., otc.  ,
D'nutro part, II ost dos caninrados
dos qul.'vorsant dnns Toxces contralro,
nc veulent voir dnns la revolution
Boclalo , qu'uno ovolutlon lento, tros
lento, c'est a dlro uno aerie do transformations a pelno sonstblOR qui
aboutlrnlont a In sooleto futuro. En
un mot, I'abolltlon des classes, reallsee
on l'an 2000!
Lo pnrtl eoclallsto otant lo parti
du salnrlat est, on .offot, un parti
rovolutlonnalro, car II ost Impossible,
on regime capltallsto, d'asBiiror aux
salaries uno oxlstonco satlsfalBsnto.
Ivour emancipation no pourra so
roal I nor quo par uno transformation
comploto de la nocloto, c'est a dlro
uno revolution.
Cotto revolution sera t olio vlolente
ou pnciflquo? II sornlt presomptuoux
do voulolr, dos malntonant, prophot-
Uno oIioho ost cortnlno, c'ost que
le Boclnllnmo la doslro paclflquo mals
sans rcBporor, II sera Inevitable quo
eo aora du coto du pouvolr agonliianl
quo partlrn lo signal do In vlolonce.
Lo dogro do vlolonco do la revolution
dopoiulrn do In vlolonco do la reaction, Los dornloren convulsloiifl tin
capllallsmo pouvout el.ro tori'lblun,
mnlH olios lo unroot d'aulnnt mnlns
quo Ie proletariat neni pliiH pubimiiil,
ho pnrtl Hnclnltste ost. oncoro rovolu-
ilniiuiilro, pnrcn nu'll roconnalt iIiiiih
rtitnt rinstriimrtiit lo plun pulHwint
do iloinlniitlon do rlriHBo ot quo Ioiih
Ioh offorts du proletariat ilolvonl
temlro ii ileloKor In bourgonlHlo du
Kouvrriu .nenl, coiuinu collu-cl on u
ilnlogn In nobloHHo, nvoc collo dlf-
foroncu, quo, coiitnilroinoiil a co qn'n
fnlt \o tinI*" '*'"(, '"■i'llfj'!:1,:'.! !i v\-
toi dn In 0,110 \o m'y moMn, IVxprn-
lirliiiioii HoriiillHio nom uno expropriation nu profit do Ioiih.
Com to qui dislliigiie lc Borlrillhino
lnodcrne, lo mnnlKiiio, do l'uiiclon
rooIiiIIhiiio uinplipin  d'Owon    on    dn
I'uil.l:.,   y...j'.   *,.-    '-'---    i'.-.iiir.uiia    \(»*
I'loiitUion, qui voyiilont In iniiinfor-
mntlon oroii'oinlqnif pohkIIiIo kiuih
iiKidlfirutloii ilu pouvolr politlquo ot
memo nvoc son nppul,
Los nnnrclilstos modornoB volont
dnns In revolution un moyen, uho
nrmo qii'llu ronnldorent commc la
noulo bonno et dont uno mlnorlto peut
ho Knrvlr Imniodl-itrniorit pour la ^on-
qiir«ii- tin jinuvulr, brlsnnt id dctruls-
nnt toute nutorlio.
Vour le ivoflnllitmc, nu conlralrt'
touto revolution prcmatureo no peut
quo roculor l'liouro do la liberation du
proletariat ft tamto du decouragoment
ct dc ta ((cncu'i;auI-".atton rtul trntvulua
sa defalle a peu prei-cortalne.
Momo en ndmettnnt la posslblUte
d'une vlclolro comploto, survenant en
plclne pulssante capltitllate, It cen-
Le   Ministre   du   Travail, va   Repres*
enter le Canada en Hollande, en
' Belgique et en Suisse.
II y aura. dans.le_CQUrs_de_l_a_u.pm;.
ne, differentes conferences Internationales en .Europe et le gouvernement a'-designe pour y'represonter'ie
Canada, Thon. McKenzie King, min-
jstre du travail, qui s'embarquera de-
main, sur le "RoyaL Edward".    .   ';
II parlera au nom du Canada au
Congres ..International de Tassurance
sociale a* la Haye, qui so tlendra du 0
aii 8 septembre, a un coiigres sur l'iiis-
tructlon tchnlque* a Bruselles, du 8
au 12 septembre; devant uno association internatlonnlo'pour la legislation
du travail a Lujano, S*,i,lBse, du 20
au 28 .septembre.
A cotte derniere assomblee on dlscu-
tera la question de la journoo de huit
heures dans los operations Interrom-
pues et" la question do roslablisso-
ments d'un mlnimiim do salairo rein-
llvomont nu travail a domicile.
Son voyago durora doux mols.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed   $5,575,000
Capital  Paid  Up    $5,330,000.00    Reserve  Fund     $5,330,000'
D. R. WI_KIE, President ,        HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
7      " '    Revelstoke,- Vancouver and Victoria.
, Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. !-. B. BElC, Manager  .
of Canada
Head 8 King St.
Office West
Logatlon do,, Delglquo.
Londros, lo 12, Aout,, 1910."
-  No. 1031.
Monslour lo Socrotnlro:
J nl 1'honnour do vous accusor la
reception de votre lettre du 2(1 iulllet
dornlor relative a l'nrrostntlon du
elour Docoux provenu d'homloldo In-
volontnlro, ot do .vous fulro savolr
quo I'affalro rocevra touto 1'attention
qu'ello comporto,
Veuillez ngroor, Monslour lo Secretaire, I'aBSurrtnco do ma consideration dlstinguee.
Lo Ministre do DoletquOi
Monslour A. J. Cnrtor,
Soc'y. Troas, District No. 18, U. M.
W. of A„ . ornle, li. C,
Notico is hereby given that a Dividend at the rate of SIX PER
CENT, per annum upon tho paid up Capital Stock of The Homo
Bank of Canada has been declared for thc THREE MONTHS
ending August 31st, 1910, and the same will be payable at the
Head Offico and Branches on and aftor Thursday, September lst
Tho Transfer Books will bo closed from the 17th to 31st of
August, 1910, both days inclusive.
By Order of the Board JAMES MASON,
Toronto, July 31st, 1910. Genoral Manager,
JOHN ADAIR, Manager Fernie Branch.
Ilolglum Legation.
London, Aug. 12, 1910.
No. 1031.
Mr. Socrotnry*.
t havo tho honor to acknowledge
receipt of your lottor of July 20 last
rolatlvo to tho arrest of Mr. Decoux
hold on chnrgo ot homlcldo nnd to Inform you Hint tho nffnlr Hhnll rocolvo
ovory attention Hint tho ciiho domnndfl,
Accept tho iiHsurnnco of my, consideration.
Minister in Dolglum,
Mr. A. .1, Carter,
Hec'y- Ti-eiiH. DlHtrlct 18, 11. M, W.
of A., .ernle, 11. C.
(Continued from Pago Six.)
Trois   Nouveaux   Cuirasses   ot   un
Crolseur Culraste Seront Mis.
on Chantler. '
IIKHL1N, 10 nout. — Lo projot do
],.',    .,...„'...    ll..    f,llut t.i JlVlill'llli    'I'll    I'lilll
■■Uncut ri cot nm nrn ii" nu Helr-Hii"   ito
mrmilo J» hiIho rn t-hnnlliM' do trnls
nnuvnnux i-ulriiHSfs   el   d'un crrilKour
(.-ulriiKse, Hi Ton oil t-rolt nu  iii'tii.-ln
pulillo    pin'    lo    comto    Itovimtlow,
i'f'xpoi't   ii u*nI  iillomiiii'I  blt'ii  coiiiiii,
mi   oi-uit im  i,xk /H.-UU1IB.     Do iniu*,
nn  dcninitdurn  lo lomplac-emont  dos
tlt'iix iiiivlrt'H   do    Kiierro que l'Allo-
iiihkiio vlfun dc vmidro n In Tiirquli«,
Hulvitnt lu pioKi-iimiiiu nnvnl row
Hor, cos nouvol|o« unltoH nn dnvrnlont
ctro coiiHtrulteB quVn nulomuo 1911,
Bt ix: pmje. tal vole, VAUfcinnKiii-
gnKiioni un point dnns sn lulto, nvoc
I'AnGl-MTrf  pour Ja  -jupruuiuilu dun
■rnf-rs.   Kile nura, en off. I, doux culr-
nnnon tin «I_ rnlor type modMiio. ron-
HtiuitH un nu Avi-pt ropnque tixoo pnr
I'anrlrn profcrammo naval,   l^s liudsui
pour raiiiii* piochnliio prevoli  iuihhI
In toiiHinuilon de deux petits crolH-
\-.ui» i>.ivu  kiiitipUcvr lu "Ho« Anb-r"
et lo "Ciefflon" vondus ogalenient mix
Tnn-H1 ci   six torpllloiirs,   jiIiimI   fine
rnllocnitou    do    $3,"r,0,000 pour do*
burg, a resolution -wan passod which
authorized lho nppolnlmont of a stand-
InK commlttoo for the purposo of
standardlcl'npr ns far as posslblo and
tho Investigation of mining prnctlco
and iniiklnjf nocesHnry rooommoiidn-
tfous for oloctrlcnl work in (ho
mlnos. TIiIh commltteo Ih to coiiRlst.
of one coiiHiiltliiK onuliH'or, two rep-
roHontntlvoH of ninniifncluorH of oloctrlcnl equipment, two roiirosontntlvoH
of lnbor ornniilziilloiiH, nnd two rop-
roHontntlvoH of iiilim opcriilorK. This
Ih Hinroftiio iiiIviiiicIiik h"""' toward
the iiltinwito iIonIioiI end.
TIiIh Hliuidiinll/,iitl(»i cnn apply not
only to Ihi! vol(UKt-h clii|ilo)c(I in tho
nilno, but -"iui bo followi.-d ,uut furtlnT, j
lu,  lor  iiiHliiiifo,  iho miiiKOH of  tin''
inif.'liH In the iiiIiioh.   It would, without doubt, lio woll it' thoro wore hiiiihI-
nrdH  fur  triii'li  kiiiiki-m.    luHtond   of
luivliiK uliuoiii -'wry iiiin*''lvaljl(i ira'ck
KiiiiKi! uh ut. pi'iiHi'iit, would Ii not lio
pt-HhiLilo lo ioiIiico Hit.'h<i to sumo Hirt'O
(■)• fi'UJ  ,.!.';.'.i.'.'j;.) i,...,i-, :,':    'Jm.-,  iiuiiid
coi'liilnly   lend   In   iikuo  liilcicliiui'-i.'-
nbillty of equipment  bctwocn differ-
cui. niliiciK nud oporiiHons thnu Ih nt |
proHoiil tlio ciiho.
I.lliowlh-*,    ii    t-ffirtlii  slriiuliirtl  fur
hoi:i('jtinvi'i* per ki-ii mid »ij»'-od In miles
considered thnt a fairly good armature winder or repairman wan sufflclont to plnco In chargo of thu oloctrlcnl and mechnnlcnl departments, it
In now rapidly being recognized that
with the growth of thoso equipments
thoro must also bo a growth In thn
capabilities of tho mon In charge.
Consequently, trained men, ciipnble
i^nglnecrs, mon who not only U.'OP
tliolr equipments In good condition,
but also havo continuously In mind
lint reduction of tho cost of oporation, are In chnrgo or nrn nip1 illy
being put there. Tho mnn who can
cut down the ror.t of production Is
tho mnn who appeals to lho' mlno
ChnrloH M. Schwab Is quotod iih saying: "Tlin mun who iiikIoihIiiihIh IiIh
worlc thoroughly nml cxocuuis It without mlHtnla* Ih tho mnn who muki-H
mniioy for his employer. Tlin mini
who Ih om ploy oil lit u clump wngo,
noon Hlowly am) mnkos blunders, pro-
during Inferior rnwillH, ami ennnot
cniupi-tn willi llm mnn who thoroughly uiiderKliuulK IiIh 1_ikIii«-sk nml produce!* good matorhil." This npplloH
io tho mining nnd '-leriilciil IiuIiih-
tiles iih well iih oilier IntliiKirloK. Tho
growth of the * lerlrlnil iiperulliiii hi
ioi'I mining   lias   brought  'mul will
..'»..    '      '.,1   ,.,t    >,.l I    ......lUfr    -to     III lit    III
' cm" iiltluc d'"j1"|i|*»" ;w\ (,j» r.illni;
i i'l. firlr-nl i-iigliii-prH into UiIh field.
| Tlio (imi inliiliig Industry, therororo,
hilh  I i.o  heliefil  of, Ilie hi-hl   of i.-1'.'i*-
Hl< Ml  tuleiit.
Kroni Hie for. -t'tiliii-. H  will t*> mlllv
lie   lerd.ijiii'/.cij   Mini    Ihe   Jinililcil)   of
per hour for Inrmnotlvi-s might ln> nt' elorirlrlty npplle.l to eoi.I mining in
Ii-iiki upiiioxliiinl'H* iirilve.l nt, I,'iim"> vory liiiereHtliig one. It I.ecomeM
tloublodly oilier piolileiiiB will HiiggoHt'"'«"' '""1 mum »<» wry dny mid
ilioniHolvoH mul oiher HlnmlariH and I "«Jv«-k iisclf more nnd  more lo lh.
1 imituril  tulvnuliige  of  tho   opuralnrn
nnd mitnufncturors anil all thoso In-
Impi'OVoinoniH bu brought nbout.
As Iiiih bien already stnlcd (repeatedly ho, peiiuipiU in thla paper,
electricity Ih hero nnd It Is hero lo
1.1 liy, lind thei elm o nil Hint mil bo
dono toward systematizing nnd stand-
nrdlzallon nhnuld by nil menus be
Tho Improvt-tw-iiis utnl develop-
i nieiits In clprtrlrnl inlning -wiulp-
J inciitH ,hnvo had lho very b-Mu-ficlnl
idioot nf brlngiiiR Into Dw mining Industry a higher nnd belter rlfim-i nf
men In charge of lho various •.■/vtrlriil
and mechanical equipments. Whereas, In many cones .it was prevlously
ten-httil In tin' conl wining induiilry.
Mny thoreforo, nil of ns togothor,
"get logeiher" nnd by mean« of
propor, intelligent, and careful onrt-
sldf-mMon and leglslntloii, and nlsn
by menns of thn Inlolligeiit nml fori-
Hequently proper npplicnllnn derivo nil
il**> b<>nefil« thai wo -rftii from clf.
trlclly. Mny Dw obvirieal nml i-onl-
mining IndtiRtrli's enjoy a hi-nlthy anil
proiiperous growth,, May they help
enrh nlher. There Is nolhing too gixkl
for rMwr ot iIi^ri.—Mine* snd Minerals. r.-.Tnw*,n ,r,',-„Tr- -T-hir-Ti-, -- ".v***.,*"^-****-,..
School supplies at Suddaby's.
. A ripping. good dance  Labor Day
night, Bruce's hall.
Headquarters-for school supplies at
Bleasdell's  Drug  Store.       * -     - 4-2t
"Please, teacher, I forgot to buy,"
is no excuse, better call on Suddaby.
Look over what you need for Monday. Suddaby can supply,, your school
needs. ,. *        *   ;
Boys and girls remember school
commences on Monday. N. E.' Suddaby..
. Go to Bleasdell's Drug Store for
school supplies. Special values in
school  bags. 4-2t
Don't forget that Coleman and Coal
Creek meet on Saturday on the
grounds of the latter.
Mrs. George Stevenson will sing
Gounod's "0, Divine Redeemer," in
Knox church Sunday evening.
The Orchestra will hold a big, jolly
danco on Labor Day night. Don't fall
to be there.   Tickets, $1.50.
Save up for the dance of the season
Labor Day night. The orchestra will
buy new music with the proceeds.
Should you decide to go out of
town on Labor Day' Michel ' will
furnish you with a day's diversion.
W. Gouthro, Fred Raynor, J.'McKay
and H. .Johnson, of Hillcrest, were
callers at this office,last Saturday.'
Mr._A. Barnes has been appointed
aa g.Tardian of the peace for the dis-
tncl north of Cranbrook on the
Kimberly branch, with headquarters
at Marysville.
Michelites are making great preparations to celebrate Labor Day and
from present indications there will be
.arge crowds foregathering there from
all points along the Pass. ,      ,   ;
All pupils living in Fernie as well
' as third    and    fourth    reader, pupils
from* West Fernie    and    the   Annex
should* be on hand on Monday, Aug.
29th at the Central school.   "
Michel  notes reached  here Friday
■ at; 11:30, too late    for    publication.
Correspondents are requested to have
all communications reach this office
not later than"Thursday morning.'
The special fee for joining the
Workingmen's Club of $1.00 Should be
taken advantage, of before it is withdrawn. The. tournament is on now
and entries , are still' open to those
that0are eligible."      •■
Word was- received in town this
week that 'the • wife of; Mr. P. G.
Roiith, formerly of Moyie, B. C, well
.known in this city and Michel and
later transferred to .police' duty in
Vernon', had died ih Vancouver. * His
many friends extend sympathy to Mr.
Routh in his .affli'cition.
on'closer inspection* discovered that
the peculiar sounds had is3ued-froin
the recesses of two tall cavernous
builded Hindoos, whose general appearance and unsteady gait- denoted
that' they had imbibed too freely
of the white man's burden.' Grabuiag
each others puggarree- with ■ the left
hand and brandishing umbrellas with
the right the duel a l'outrance was
begun-while the unwinding of* the
swathing head gear gradually - resulted . in their ' making an orderly retreat from each other* but without
in any wise ceasing their umbrella
fanning of the air, when a policeman-
made his appearance known to the
belligerents, and they found but that
to indulgo in- such -frolics, was' not
conducive to inflating the treasury
unless it be that-of tha city. '
The old prospector finds the claim, ,
The surveyor'ho marks, the same,
And the carpenter builds the gallows
"And the teamster hauls the coal.
The foreman tells 'em the way to do,
The engineer hoists a cage or two,
But listen to this I'm a-telling you—
It's the miner that digs tbo hole!
Colonel—another bowl!    <
I'm'dry as a roasted sou!;»
I've had to choko
On powder smoke, ,,     -.
My teetli are full of the rock I've
' broke,   „
For I am one poor son-of-a-gun,
A miner who digs the hole!
When the Lord first planted the copper ore,   •
He said: "I'll pack it away in store
Where nobody'll get it out no more, -
Unless he's, a human mole"
"•-Jul   he recokned without the miner
man,'' '   •
Who isn't built on the regular plan,
And so, since the the,blooming earth
began,  ,
The miner he-.digs the hole!
Colonel—another bowl!
Mj; tongue is black as coal;
And my ears still sound
With that fall of ground
, That nearly caught me the second
For I'm classed with the boys who
The miners, who dig the hole.
He must'work In. the gas and see in
the dark,       "-.■'*   =    •    •   •
The music,,he hears is the air-drills
■ bark;  . '        ■■*.    ■
It isn't" no "picnic in the park,"
It isn't nb cinch he's stole,
He's carpenter, plumber,'-] machinist—
.'yes,';'..'-   .■"_'-.'
A sort of surveyor, too," I guess;
A little of everything more or less,
The miner who digs the hole1.    -\
Over 13,000' pounds has been subscribed to the Anti-Suffragette agitation association. "    * - ;
Letchworth, a town of 7,000 inhabitants with numerous factories,
holds the mortality record with a rate
of 31.7 per 1,000 infants born and
the ordinary death rate per 1,000 is
5.2. London's percentage in' the former class is 107.9 and 14.0 in the latter. Birmingham, Manchester and
Liverpool have even higher percentages than London, thereby very suggestive of the terrible waste of life
in great cities.-'
Open-air schools are meeting with
great favor in several cities.
Winston Churchill is advocating
some sweeping prison reforms. Conceits for criminals, payment of fines
by installments, instead of committing a man to gaol because of his inability to pay a fine in spot cash.
When, charged at Tottenham, a man
of 50'pleaded that he was an orphan.
Ayrshire farmers are jubilant over
the prospects of an abundant potato
■ A tramp recovered the body "of a
boy for which $10 reward was offered at Sandwich, but upon finding
the parents were poor would only
take ten shillings. <„•
Twenty-eight horses suffering with
glanders were shot at Ebbw Vale
colliery. ">
London County council has decided
to provide dental treatment for children.
The Williseden dental inspector reports that 11,000 children out of
25,000 examined had defective teeth,
* Henry Croft "The Pearl King,"
holds "the record for the" number of
buttons on his clothes with 20,300.
It is computed tha 120,000 children
under 12 months die every year fully
one-third of ■ which medical experts
state is preventable.
- Mrs. Sarah ' Brown celebrated her
105th birthday in Paddington workhouse recently.
Prizes varying from 5s to 15 pounds
are offered' for suggestions for ihe
improvement of the* postal service.
(Ed.)—If imitation be the sincerest
flattery why not flatter the. mother
country and try this scheme In
No fewer than 151 applications were
made • for the vacant living of St.
Oswalds, Fulham. The gross valie
is 325'pounds with house.
■ Hello! * Is this", New York! Yes.
be commonplace in the* very at-.ar
Who's speaking. London^ This may
future if present' expectation's tre
"Don't thrash my,boy, thrash me
instead," said a mother to'a "Tottenham police court when her boy was
brought ,up ■ on a charge of stealing
apples from an orchard." * *
Messrs. Harrison & Sons have been
awarded a contract from the govern-
The $t0re of- Good~ Values
,   That   jolly   musical   oddity,-"The
,- Burgomaster," which held the boards
ln New - York ' and Chicago for over
250 nights each- is the pleasing announcement for tho Grand' next-Tues-
, day, August 30th."' At the 'head of the
50 fun-makers comprising'*',The'BurKo-
master" f6rces*''thl3r*  season1' is-' ihe.
Prince of fun-makers, Giis'weinburg,
' appearing as Peter Stiivesnnt', the gov-
appeari'ng. as 'Peter Stuyvesant, the
governor of New Amsterdam.
Tho tri-colored guerdon bearers of
the blue, tho yellow and tho red will
havo nn"opportunity on the 29th of
this month to try a degree In which
the tlgor Is tho "gout" that will mnlto
their previous Initiation seem as tamo
in comparison as the zephyr stirred
breeze of a, humming bird's wing' is
tb a Kansns cyclone. Can we stand
the pressure? On the 29tlv tlio D.-O.
K. K, reach' town nnd then on the
30th Sir Wilfrid makes a 50-minuto
i .
On Monday of this, week, one of
our citizens with lioad bont, down reading a letter ho had just taken but
of tho posl-olllco and* walking slowly
nlong hnd his.ears assailed, hy sounds
resembling llio glug-prfufi of a stream
that was bubbling along Its course
nnd Impeded by a boulder ngalnst
which the angry waters dashed thorn-
solves, Looking up from tho perusal
of his mlHsivo wltli tho thoughts still
upon tho subject, mattor his porcoptlvo
. faculties slightly obscured and seeing
long streiumi of "cloth the thought
passed through his. mind thai,.this
perhaps was Intondod for tho doc-
oral Ivo purposes In honor of tho
forthcoming visit of tho Premier but
Colonel—an6iher~15owl! "'
I'm fat witli my pay-day roll,
With' rent and such .
It ain't' so much,
But I'm glad I'm walking without a
crutch!        ,-   -
For I am one poor .son-of-a-gun,
A mirier who digs the hole!
There's,tlie 'fire1'to-light and the "miner's con," '"■ „
Rickety, ladders to step upon,
A missed  hole found—and  a miner
oAnd you'll hear tho church bells toll,
But holl!—we've got to mako her pay,
And we'get our there and a half a
So, hav3 anothor on'mo, I say!
You'miners who dig In the,hole!
Colonel—nnotlior bowl! '
Heaven's our flnnl gonl! .
.,   The mines are hot,  .
But they're nil Avo've "got,1   "'
And they'll lust a while, as llko ns
'not, „ ■:■•'■
And wo'aro tho ones—poor sonef-
■ guns—
Tho minors who dig tho holo!
—Uoi'tion Drnley, In Snturdny Evon-
Ing'Post,     , '
- Our Grocery Department; offers .-you;  ,
the highest quality of table supplies;
procurable, at prices that are an everyday saving to you.'  Quality satisfaction, superior store service, and a saving oh every purchase, are some of the
reasons' -why it' will pay you fcto have
the "Store of Good Values" cater to
your table vants.
Alberta Government Creamery Butter,
3 pounds for $1.00 *_'
Royal   Household    Flour,,   50-pound
.   sacks ...7* ,,...'  .$1.85
100-pound sacks   $3.60
B. C. Pure Cane Sugar, 20-pound cot-
. ton sacks ; $1.30
Tabic and Gloss Starch, .3 pkgs. .. .25c
White Swan Laundry    Soap,    carton
„ G bars , ...20c
"White Star and Magic Baking Powder,
per tin 15c
Another carload containing every
variety in the market just arrived, and
"priced at the most reasonable prices.
'We invite your inspection of our fresh
fruit display. .    .      .      -
Huntley and Palmer Assorted Biscuits,
'     per pound ".'.. .25c
1  5-lb. Tins Kootenay Pure Fruit Jam,
per tin 70c
4-lb. packages Ogijvie's   Rolled   Oats,
per package ■  .20c
3-lb. Tins Preserved Plums 20c
Just opened.  Fall   consignment of
..Boys' and Girls'.Sweaters and Sweater Coats;   Made of fine worsted yarns.
-Plain bodies with fancy collars and
cuffs in Navy, Red, Keseda, Brown and
' White; from 2 to 10 years, ,50c to $li50
" '55, pair of .White? Blankets, all fine 7
wool double-bed size, with Pink and :
Blue Borders, all weighing seven -and
one-half pounds.   Worth.today at mar-,
ket price, $6.50. - *'r        "°.
'. Clearing • ',..";....: $4,75
We are pleased . to , announce the.
opening of our Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Department. Every style exclusive,
every garment absolutely new and
smartly tailored. A great variety and
assortment of colors and fabrics, including ..Venetian, Diagonal, Serge,
English Worsted and Broad Cloth. All ,
- splendid styles.
Ladies' Fall, Suits ... .$12.50 to $27.50
Ladies' Princess Dresses,' made of ,
Panama, Venetian, Worsted and Voile.,
All smartly, tailored,' plain and braided
styles.    Perfectly fitting garments in
all the leading colors. .$12.00 to $25.00
About September lst „we- open our
Dressmaking Parlors in charge of Mrs.
, Davy, formerly of St. Louis, Mo. Mrs.
Davy is now prepared to make appointments- for September orders, and will
be pleased to have you call and discuss
the new autumn fashions.   *
In anticipation of the opening of the
Dressmaking Department our purchases of Dress Fabrics, Silks and
'-.-' Trimmings have been* more elaborate
' than ever before,, insuring you a very
wide choice of the newest and most,
favored .materials. 7 _  ' . ,,
■ ■''; Such "a showing of "high-grade cloth-   v
ing has never previously'been shown  -,
frpikji our   wardrobes. _'' Fit-Reform!' "
embodies all'that is best in high-grade"
ready-to-wear,* fine material and* pat-  -,,
terns, ■ faultless tailoring-and the cri-"
tenon ■ of' good style.. $18.00 to, $28.00   .
cut in.the popular-Chesterfield style.
Finest quality Black Vicuna, silk'faced
lapels, well tailored and-perfect fitting \ . v . 7 ... 7..'  .'.$'16.00 ,'
Men's All-Wool Coat Sweaters in a
great variety of weights and
colors i.,, $1.25 to $3.00
A boy's ambitions are fostered by
good clothes; nothing is better-worth
while than to help.a boy think well
of himself." "*".,■*.;.■    *   ,
the kind that stands the test, the kind. *
we've'tested and recommend', as   the
best to buy—full   of.  character, well,'*
made and well fitting.   Double knees, -;
Seat and Elbows, where the strain, is
greatest.   Our prices based on quality
are the lowest  $3.00 to $8.50 :
" w
* ■ We solicit the favor of showing you ,
the new Fall Models of ;      ■ - - 7
-nuDi-Nt-Mr , -,
$5.50 to $6.50
Tired, **» aching feet, weak instep;
broken down arch, flat foot and rheumatism immediately relieved and permanently corrected by wearing .
The Scholl Tri -Spring Arch Support
$2.00 - **    -.-*-'.
men coveTingTsevefal" yeanTtb-supply
postage stamps at the rate of 15,000,-
000'a day.
(Continued 'from Page Five.)
W. F. M. AND A. F. L
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Aug. 19.--
Prosldont Charlos 1*1. Moyov, of tho
West orn fodorntlon of Minors, today
expressed Ills confident hollof thnt tho
Wostorn . odorntlon would ho grnntod
u I'liiirtor from tho Amorlcnn .oil-
crnllou of I.uhor on ov before Soplom-
her 12th,
Tom Smith, he of lamp room fame
and well known -in , this locality, Is
holding, down his job and furnishing
the same* old brand of dope, oil and
waste. '    -   ,
There is some talk of a delegation
of'K. P.'s from horo going to Fernie
for tho Dokay celebration ori Monday,
the 29th, and very likely some of them
might stay ovor and call upon Sir
Wilfrid when ho visits Fernio on
Tuesday following.
Draco and Hill aro bold fishermen
yot ono of their recent trips did not,
result very favorably aB their catch
would riot hnvo taken third prize at
hn old country fishing contest, anyway thoy enjoyed themselves and
brought bnck no visible halt.
, Water is being Installed in tbo
houses; which makes it far more convenient, nnd our chances for tobogan-
ning •wltli* a full pall ln ono hand and
a stick in the othor on tho slldo Kolly
slldo plan nro to bo memories only.
Thank goodnossl
A gang of six, nmong them Robert
Rodhoad and Tom Drown aro prospecting .on tho opposlto sldo from
whoro the mines nro bolng workod
now nnd as thoy have found conl no
doubt before long thoro will bo another mine to bo numborod.
Frod Nalnos, Ihat wholo-Boulod
bniko twlslor nnd talented compo,
known from Pnrkhlll, Ont., to Prlnco
Ruport, Ih reported to be very busy
studying tho nrchiloclurnl sclonco
from a practical sldo and Is taking
ovory posslblo pnlns to make It nlco
and comfortable for ry homo for hlm"
Holf nnd a lifo purlner, Whnt's her
nnmo? Well thnl would ho lolling nnd
wo will defer mentioning It unlil nftor
tho nffnlr lifts hnpVenod nnd thon wo
mny cnll hor Mi'H, Unlnos.
,1. Sweeney, thn fnmoun footlmll
plnyor, wnn nmong tho guosiH of
Cochin recently, hut. although wo hnvo
mndo diligent onqulrloB wo ennnot find
thnt hu mndo nny iiiTiuigomontH for n
nuitch botwoon tho Conl Crook tonm
nnd thn Cm-bin leather punchers.
Porlinps wo nrn not. nn tho right trunk,
hu wo surely would liko to see n
match arranged oh w<i havo Homo
good plnyoi'H thnl ought to ho nblo
to glvo n good nccount, of thoniBelvoH,
■ t
■ <
■ i
■ t'
■ t.
■ t
■ t
• t
■ c
■ t
' ••      i:'"       '  -' ,     *j. *•'
Dyeing :(and cleaning department
open September 15t_i. Fine work at
reducecLprices.   "Union Labor."rj
.   Phone 17a
OP. P. O
Goods called for and delivered
. >•*
' >■
$W********'*Jf**** ****** * »»^HM-i¥**-¥**¥¥¥ ******* ¥¥¥¥»-¥¥
'Ut.-tiftUI,     ■.tillIlii     ]•*_]*t* t iiim-     \ *1
Seamstresses and Sewing
Girls.    Highest Weges
Dressmaking Department
tit "l-Vvnlo flnturdny.
Corner lot nnd Iiouho on Cox Rtroet,
I .oimnnlly locntod.   $750 oiibIi,
lMc-turo inuiihiK donii twnDy nml
chonp nt tho Triton-Wood Co.
PodlKroo AlroHdnle pups, Choleo
Htoilt C, W. Mitchell, I'. O '.12, Hovel-
Two roonm for llftht liouRolcoopIng,
with uso of huMivontn. Apply LcdKor
U'B up lo you. Wo nro horo to savo
you monny In furnituro nnd stoves.
Tho TrltoR-Wood Co,
FOR BALE—Itecently new |H0
Dominion OrKnn, wllh atool. Excellent condition. Prlco $70 cni-ih. Apply
"W. P." LedKor Office.
.OR HALE-One W10 Vomnrmt
WAROn, home and hariioRH. J. Ander-
boii, Coluitn, Fernio, 11. C.   Uox .170.
FOR' BALE—Houbo furnituro, stool
rnnjio, two liontorH, prnellcnlly new,
nud 70 uprliiK vhlulceiiH, Apply Jiuuoh
EtiHton, Dnl ton nvomiu. Sip
L08T~On Sunday evening botwoon
Ilnwlnnd und Vletorln nvoiiuo, lndy'H
flngor ring, five pourlH. Howard hy
lunvlng ut Lodger Offlco.
FOR HALE—FurnlHhed hotirdlng
Iiouho, Proporly known no tho QUI
Hoarding Houbo. Apply Robb & Lano,
| hnrrlNtern,
Tho Fllou aro coming. Got your
Hcruon doom, window ucrconu nnd ro-
frlgorntorn nt tho Trltos-Wood Compnny.    The clionpoat In the city,
TO RENT—FurnUhod roomB to
rnpipectnhle. nulet peoplo, Modern
hoiifio; centrnlly locntod. Apply xo
MrH. W. Hunnnblo, near MothodlBt
LlBton, wo cnn navo you from $20,00
to $2.1 on-a sowing mnchlno, and glvo
you the hoBt, "Tho Standard," tho machlno that haa thom all beat, nml then
aome.    Tho TrltoB-Wood Co.
Wnnl od: Houbo donning or day lalior of nny kind. , Mother of flvo children nnd widow of member of U. M. W.
A. Leave word with R. I*. Juno, Uox
T-ho lots In hloflt 7 . numb*r«4 6
nnd 1, On** n corner int. This property U nil plnntod with gardon truck,
fenced nil nround. $1,200 c**h. Apply
E. Harper, McPherson avonuo.
Barber Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
Flr«t r,l«f,« vmrk -*jURrnnt«*fld.
Drop In and convince yourself.
Razor Honing n Specialty.
Garments Are! ^i^^Universal
Choice Of .Well Dressed Men
■!*■ ] '<■_'•     1    - -     ' k* •
-' > • ■-■ -- vk i..     ■    ,..;.. ., •,
t* Simply because the iflan, >vho:knQW8ahything;
about the fine art of tailoring, knows that
Fit-Reform garments  are the  epitome of
'- perfection. -y"/.:■<-■■■--■ ,--■■,■ ■ ■--
• «   '*""• ;--,,.      '   i   • ■ 1     '-'■--.''-'...'.
Fit-Reform has wori its proud position of
leadership-rnot because it is perfect in any
one • detail — but because it is absolutely
perfect in every detail.
Every Fit-Reform Suit
—is created by Canada's foremost designers
■—is made of fabrics selected from the best
mills of Great Britain.
■-^is made on the Fit-Reform system by skilled
Fit-Reform was first in the field, and is to-day
a household word in every city and town in
Canada where good clothes are demanded.
We are constantly receiving new -Styles And
effecls in Fit-Reform Suits. Let us show
you the latest arrivals. $ 18 to $35.
y. ii
Q.   RADLAND,  Proprietor.
Mr, \V. M. DIclcon lum oblnlnod tl.o
contract to supply tho firm of Mar-
Innro lirofliern, (ho macaroni menu-
fncturerH, with tho cometit blockn to
bo Uhod lu tho construction of their
li.w building to' bo located ou lUb
Great Northern, near Iho tito of tho
football grounds.
The Crow's Nest Trading Xo,
Sole Agents in Fernie
A splendid vein of coal wns nn-
earthed ono-half milo of Crow's Noit,
II. C. Measr«. Hockott and Jamet
Peng-ally nro tho lucky • diBcoverem,
Ac _>rdl*nnj to tho mine l»«-*>«<etor'« report this coal m«kfl» roku ot a high
quality. Ond experiment alono ln a
wood ovon prodnced conl In it fow
I will not bo raipomlbto for any
dobt contmcted, In my namo by my
wlfo Mary McDonald or Mary Darr
from this date as tho haa loft uy bed
nnd board.
Hoamor, D, C.
■ ;


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