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The District Ledger Aug 13, 1910

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Array "*"*..'* 41 yyyyy
I-
%■-."-
Tnity Is Victory
$1.00 a. Year
KEEP UP THE
GOOD WORK
Where Unionism. Count.
■ And How it -Demands
Attention
of
To the Right Hon. A. L. Sifton,
,   Premier of Alberta.
Dear   Sir—We   the   members
; Cardiff Local No. 2378, United Mine
AVorkers of America, at a meeting, do
-,* strongly protect against the manner
In which Brother Decoux of. Prank
has   been  imprisoned   and  bail   disallowed, , after being awarded a ver-
,-dict  of  not  guilty   by  the   jury  at
the coroner's inquest." And we, knowing that accidents of a similar nature
by which deceased   met   his * death,
frequently occur in mining operations,
do petition your'  honor . to use your
influence', to   get  the  machinery  of
the law in motion so that our wrong:
ly imprisoned fellow worker may have
-an opportunity to prove his innocence
* before a   'court    of    justice at  the
earliest possible time.
-p Signed on behalf pf the above local.
HENRY TRACEY, Pres.
MATTHEW LAMBERT,. Sec.
V
- .   '-Corbin, B. C, July 25,  1910.
To the   Hon.    Lieutenant Governor
Bulyea,  Edmonton, Alta."   •-?
Honorable Sir—We, the undersigneds members * of    Local    Union No.
2877, -* United     Mine '   Workers   of'
• America,, situated at Corbin,. B.   C,
'; beg  to present. to    you %  for    your
worthy consideration   the    following
;vresolution ''and petition,' duly passed
r at a- special meeting at Corbin, B. C,
. ..July 25th, A.' D. ,1910.
Whereas, we,.have found upon in-
'.,'ves'tigatibn  re" the  fat_al7ac_cid_en_t_lat_
T.
A
Frank, Alta.;    on    June 24th,  1910,
(,'-,--> ..- when a man named Lobart was fatal-
ly\lnjured by**a runaway car in-the
- Frank' shaft, and died" as a result of
' his  injuries; .and    ,
Whereas, the mine car - got away„
from a man .named Decoux * (which
-. was of daily occurence owing to' the
fact'that'there were, only sprags
used,-and' one sprag put Into* one
■ wheel to lower-.the car down a 2 MO
per "cent grade, to 'the bottom of tho
sliaft: and "
Whereas,   If   the   wooden    sprag
should' happen to break or fall out
or i. tho man would happen to miss
the sprag," the car would run away to
the bottom of. tho shaft with damaging effect; and
.-._ ' Whereas, The entry bolng so narrow that a mnn.had no room*to rim
'along'side  of the  car  to' sprag it,*
only ono place; n mnnholo being provided for; tho mnn to sprng . tho car
whon it wns moving past him, and
, ■ if tho man would happo'n to miss tho
sprng by not  getting , it    into  tho
wheel, tho  car would run  away to
tho bottom ot tho shaft' carrying destruction , in its pnth, for thoro wns
nothing lo slop It; and
; Whereas, It Is known for months
Ihnt there wore two,to six cars ran
away to the bottom    of   tho shaft
ovory day, nnd on  on occnslon Injuring tho cnger; and
.*•*, Whorons, The   company   did   not
mnko nn offort to provont these cars
from  getting away by grading tho
track  (which thoy had done Immediately nftor tho nccldont occurrod)
,or by putting brakes on tho earn, or
by mnklng nn. opon  switch,  or by
placing  a heart  block botwoon  tho
first working, chuto, and tho bottom
of tho shnft; thoroforo, In our opinion In tho face of nil tho above fnctfl.
tho company nnd not tho mnn Docoux should -bo hold responsible for
tho nccldont, nnd tho chlof inspector
-of mines should   ontor   proceedings
ngalnst tho compnny   for   criminal
nogllgonco; nnd
WhoronB, Tho man nnmod Docoux
wns Immediately dlBOhnfgod nftor
tho nccldont, hnpponod, .but wns Inter
rolnstnlort hy lho firm roquost of nil
tho minors at Frank; nnd,
Whorons, Upon tho donth of Lobert,
tho. coronor's Jury hnd rondored a
vordlct of nccldontnl death; nnd
Whorons, Immodlntoly nftor tho
vordlct wiih rondored, tho Crown
proRocutor nrrosted Docoux, nnd put
hlm Into prison nt Mnclood on tho
charge of wilful murdor; and
WlioroftH, To our lcnowlodgo thoro
hns not. boon n enso In tho Dominion
lu Uw iiih(oi)* xix Dw tg-ti mining la-
ilrmlr.v tn bo jwrnllr-lofl with thin one
at Frnnk, Altn., nftor n enronor'n
Jury lind rondorod n vordlct of nccldontnl donth thnt a crown prosecutor
would slop In nnd nrrost somo ono
nnd chargo thom with wilful murder,
If thero Is such « caso on record
thon wo nro from Missouri; nnd
Whorons, In tho faco of nil tho
above facts which woro given In evidence, wo nro of tho opinion that
thore must hnvo been a huge conspiracy concocted to fasten the
j-rlmo of wilful murder upon Decoux,
nnd socuro a conviction If posslblo
tu ordor to cutablluh a precedent lu
our fnlr Dominion of Cnnndn, whereby It would be nn easy matter for
the coal companies or nny class of
employers to evade from the paying
of compensation;'and
Whereat, We as conl minera work-
o
ing in the most hazardous occupation' on earth fraught "with danger
every ' minute . of the day .'when we'
are in the , bowels of the , earth,
therefore, "we -must .of necessity be'
awake and alive to our interests;* and
also aware of the fact that if a conviction is secured against Decoux for
wilful murder, in the face of all the
evidence.proving Decoux irresponsible
for the. accident, that it would place
the miners and all other classes of
workmen in a very precarious position not to- be desired by the working men of this country, for they
are the real producers of all wealth,
v Therefore, ,Be 'it Resolved, That,
we, tho undersigned'do most bitterly
protest against the action taken by
the Crown prosecutor in the part he
had played in connection with- this
particular case" at Frank., in charging
Decoux with the * most serious of
crimes, "wilful murder", after he had
been exonerated from all blame by
the verdict oi the coroner's jury, and
be  it further resolved;'
That we extend our deepest sympathy, and. our moral and financial
support if. necessary to Decoux, our
brother ,in distress, and we shall not
rest until Decoux is set, at - liberty.
And be it further resolved; "*
-That we have decided as a body' of
men bound together with the Holy
Bonds j of Brotherhood to place-this
case b'efore you, Honorable Sir; :to
step In and investigate, and stop tho
disgraceful proceedings which, in"our
opinion is a gross Injustice and an
open infraction of the' law imposed
Upon an entirely innocent. man. Do
not allow it, if you can prevent, to
go down on the pages of the history
of our fair dominion'that an innocent
man was persecuted to death tb satisfy the, vanity of an individual- or
a group of. individuals for the sake
of' sweet revenge. Furthermore -we
beg of you and forever, pray hopeful
in your* benefaction.    ' *" *
We.. are your ' most    humble  and
obedient servants!, ■'..•-.
(Signed)   *
*    ' *' THOMAS 'EVANS.
*      -JAMES DAVIS..
•     FRANK GALLAGHER.
RICHARD JONES. ;
" (Seal of L. U.)      * 7  *     ,
United Mine Workers of America/
-. .-.District 18; Local Union No. 481,
7 Beaver Creek Mines.'."-.
. Mountain Mill, Aug. 6,-1910.
Tc^The Attorney-General,' Government
~7of~Alb'eftariijdmMt"onrA"ltSn'
OFFICIAL   CIRCULAR
Dear Sir—We, "the members of this
local, desire .to,* place .on 'record our
dis-approval of- the. action taken by
the "government againsf'A. Decoux,
now lying in. the Maeleod guardroom
awaiting-trial on the charge" of murder. This unfortunate man was entirely exonerated'from.all blame by the
coroner's jury, and afterward arrested for murder. We therefore'desire to state that,,after this man is
exonerated by six of his fellowmen, it
does. not appear, in our eyes, to bo
justice to afterwards arrest the man
for murder, and therefore we feel beholden to protest against the action
tho Alberta govornmont have taken In
this matter.
Wo have the honor, to bo, ;slr, your'
obedlont servants.**'*    '-\
,„(SEAL L. U.)
"■.   ', ' .      " . Indianapolis, Ind., July 23,  1910.
TO THE OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE LOCAL "UNIONS, DISTRICT  12,'UNITED  MINE  WORKERS
OF AMERICA: ,,;.''
BROTHERS AND FELLOW MINE WORKERS: ■      "
- - It is.hardly necessary to call your attention to the fact that you have been on strike since the first day
of April. Nq. one but-those who have taken part In the struggle can realize and appreciate the hardships and
privation that may have been endured by some bf our members and those depending upon tliem.    .
That you have been on strike for a just cause is well known to the. vast majority of our membership. That
thequestion at issue should be permanently adjusted is conceded by all who understand the situation.
You,are probably aware that there has been nearly 100,000 men on strike since the first of April and nearly
300,000 bn strike a part of the time!* To support this vast army of mine workers who \yere on strike required more' finances than the International organization is ablo to raise by assessment or in ' any other
manner., '.        .    7
Realizing the situation as  It existed in various mining districts of the country where strikes are In ef-'
feet, knowing that there was a possibility, of the existence of our Union being placed in jeopardy, believing that
there   was   a . concerted   movement on the part of large interests to destroy the power and influence of the
United Mine Workers, the operators'; and miners' representatives of Illinois were invited to appear before the
"International Executive Board tb state their respective positions.
. At first,'there was no disposition on the part of either the operators' or miners' representatives of your
state to recede'from the position they had already taken' when the Peoria* convention adjourned. The'International. Executive Board decided to make an effort to settle Ahe difficulty and appointed a committee of five International Board Members ,who, by their persistent effort and hard work, secured a proposition from the
operators which we believe can be accepted by the miners, bf Illinois with honor to themselves and credit to
the United Mine Workers of the country. ' .
vWhen you,analyze the1 situation' in your state,' you will understand that the conditions that you have complained of have existed, that the miners have been required to pay shot-firers' wages since 1906, and that the
system of the miners paying ..the shot-firers was established _ at a ,time when the country was in a more prosperous condition.than It is now.   All things considered, you have gained a sweeping victory.
Your International Executive Board has succeeded in securing the general advance provided by the Cincinnati Convention' and 2 cents per ton additional advance for Franklin and Williamson counties, making the
mining rate in Franklin and Williamson counties 53 cents per ton where no shot-firers are employed, and an
advance of 1% cents per ton extra to pay shot-firers0in Illinois where* they are employed.    , "
You will find enclosed a copy of the proposition and you are requested to, immediately upon receipt of this
official notice, call special meetings of the members of your Local Unions for the purpose of taking action on
the proposition submitted to you and and for,your consideration.
The enclosed proposition' is not all you demand, but.the International Executive Board has carefully considered the'situation in every section of the country, and with the thousands of men that we have on strike
we believe that the enclosed proposition is one of the best that will be secured this year the riiine workers of
the country. • ,
vBy the acceptance of this proposition you will have secured the highest mining rates ever paid in your
state. You will have maintained your organization. You will have re-established joint relationship. You will
have assisted in re-establishing the Interstate Joint Movement. You'will have prepared the way to eliminate
all cause for; difference in the future. Above all, you will have assisted in maintaining the power, influence
and prestige of your organization.      --- ,
You will also find enclosed blanks which, are to be used„in tabulating the vote for'and against the proposition. These blanks are to be returned in the enclosed self-addressed envelopes, to the International Secretary-
Treasurer, 1106 State Life Bldg., on or .before July 29.' Act promptly in this matter in order that we may know
your wishes.-' ' ''* - * 7
Remember to have the tabulation of the vote made carefully, written in ink ori the blanks; signed by the
local officers with seal of local' union attached. * .
Your International Executive Board recommends "and urges that you accept the proposition submitted which
we believe to be for the best interest of the Illinois miners at this time and for the United Mine Workers1 of
America. , *.*        .-,    .       ,.     ■*   "'■' •       -        _',.-. • „   "" y •-.       "•    'J  ' •
By order ofthe In ternatiohaf Executive Board,'United Mine Workers of America.-
-"      .""        "     '■"*"„' - T.lL.__LEWIS.7P_cesident:'-__l.RANKLJ._HAYES..-Vice-President:
*■•'■'       '-,-,;" ,,   -". **■   * .'-    - 7. EmyiN PERRY, Secretary-Treasurer.
' EDMONTON, Aug. . 13.—Premier
Sifton has received a petition from
tho mombers of Minors' Lodgo No,
1959, at Tabor, protesting against tho
action now bolng takon against Frank
Docoux, a union miner of thnt placo,
who was exonoratod by a coroner's
jury of, complicity in 'the (loath of a
fellow-worker somo tlmo ago. Immediately nftor tho • jury accordod him
his freodom ho wns re-nrroBted by tho
mounted police. Tho miners strongly
condemn tho notion of tho polico and
threaten, unions somo,action Is takon,
to call a convontlon of tho wholo
district to donl with tho case;
Promlor Sifton Btntod thiB morning
In regard to tho mattor that tt would
bo tnkon up with tho nttornoy gen-
ornl's dopai'tmont.
Decoux wnH charged with murdering
nnotlior oinployo In a mine, by stnrt-
ing-ono of tluncnrs which nro usod
for currying oro, down an Incline,
striking tho doconsod. _t wns shown
thnt tho Blurting of tho enr was nn
accident, although tho mounted polico
claimed to hnvo evldonco to tho effect, thnt Docoux had previously
threatened tho othor, Tho polico nlso
stnto thnt thoy bollovo thoro wns hnrd
footing nmong tho. minors' for tho doconsod on nccount of tho fnct thnt
ho wns not n union mombor.
The potltlon thnt wns sont Jn was
ns follows:'
July 28, 1010.
To tho Hon. A, L. Hlfton, Promlor of
Alborta:
Dear 8lr—Wc, tho miners of Tnbor
Loonl, No. 1959, nt n spoclnl mooting,
strongly enter n protest ngnliiRt tho
notion now bolng tnkon ngninst Arthur
Docoux of Frnnk, nftor bolng oxonor-
ntm** by Ihi*-* envn-nor'n Jliry, tn lio Mill
kopt In prison nnd refused bnll. This
nctlon on thn pnrt of tho polico is ono
which wo, nn Inw-ivbldliiK citizens of
Tnbec, In tho Provlnco of Albertn,
strongly condemn, nnd wo cnn nasuro
you that If notion Ib not taken by tho
•n«-..i.-.i^t nr,...... — .-!   -1»   m«.•_!«    «...
tho minors of Tnbor local, .No, 1050,
United Mlno Workers of America, will
nsk tho district to cnll n spoclnl convention to tnko nctlon In thin enso, so
that wo cnn tnko a united action In
n body.
flliriiml:
AURAIIAM DATKMAN, Prosldont.
WILLIAM COOK. Vlcc-Proslrtont.
ED WIOWNB, Fln.-Secrclary.
—Cnlgnry Dally News,
,*'•"' Springfield,  111.,  July  26th,   1910. ■
TO THE OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF ALL LOCALS, DISTRICT NO. 12, U. M^ W. OF A. '
' i' i "■ C f
GREETING:—No doubt you are"aware of the action pf. the International Executive^ Board In making an
agreement with that*portion of the"Illinois Coal Operators who are still resisting our demands, as outlined by
tho Peoria Convention.  , *    „
We have no desire to influence your judgment .in this matter, but want every man tb', thoroughly" understand the' entire' matter in every detail. '  *•    > , ,
■ Many* of our members havo nowvibeen on strike for almost four months, and notwithstanding the fact
that many of them are in destitute circumstances, they have stood nobly in defense* of their rights, Wo havo
now, approximately, 23,000 members at work, where the companies have signed our scale, and prior to the meaning held in Indianapolis we were in conference with companies representing sovoral thousand more men, and the
prospects were bright for-having them sign our scalo, when negotiations woro broken off, as rosult'of this callod
meeting, ■
' * Your district officials wero .without authority to modify in any particular the oxpress terms of the scalo as
adopted at Peoria, and, in company with ^the Illinois representative on the International -Executive Board and International Vlco-Prosldent Hayes, did everything in their power to prevent any modification of tho same. On
invitation, wo appoared before the International Executive Board and asked for an endorsement of our strike,
withsuch financial assistance as tho International Organization could glvo. In addition wo have sont appeals to
all organized labor throughout tho country, asking for financial assistance. We have also nsked District No. 13
- (Iowa), for a loan of $100,000.00, which request has been submitted to n referendum volo nnd the, reports received so far, lndlcnte that lt will carry by a largo majority, Up to this timo, wo havo not received one ponny
from tho International Organization to help thoso on striko.
„    Th'e proposed compromise,is given bolow:
PROPOSITION.
Submitted as final by tho Illinois oporators, and approved by tho International Executive Bonrd:
1st
That, day lnbor, ynrdngo nnd
F. J. Kirkpatrick is, at Cranbrook
working on the prospector.
Don't forget that the Fernie Opera
house will give away $20 in gold Saturday night.       .   -■
Mr. .and Mrs. Joseph Hamilton and
daughter, Miss Rheta, left' on Wednesday for Vancouver for two weeks.
A letter has been received from
Whitehaven acknowledging Fernie's
donation which will appear in our
next issue.
Since the change in tlieir film
service the Ferule Opera House is
putting on a show which Is certainly
the,, finest in the west.
A horse race will take1 placo on
August 22nd between the steeds 'of
T. Mott,and J. Minton for a purse
of $100. It will be one dash and the
course from Letcher's barn io the
Central hotel.
We take pleasure In acknowledging
receipt of a folder -from Mr. John E.
Reid, secretary of the Board of Trade
oLVernon, extolling the advantages
of that district agriculturally,- avl-
cttlturally and several other "cultur-
allys." "
There is a report current in local
police circles that an individual has
been* captured' in Dillon, Mont., who
is believed to be concerned in the
holdup which took place at Ashcroft
on,, July 28, 1909, when police officer
Isaac Decker met his death at the
hands" of the robbers.
-**
There will be a moving picture program of the usual high class character
with Ramsay's orchestra in attendance
at the Grand Theater on Sunday next,
August 14 th; commencing at 9
o'clock there will be one show only.
Friday noxt will be amateur night and
cash prizes will be awarded.
We have been visited this week hy,
Mr. A. H.Pease, who is engaged in
farming at Lougheed, Alta.- This Is
on the line running'from Wejtaskwin
and is a section that has met within
better fate than prevails in many
other parts of this province as the
crops around there are better thai
the yield of last year and will ivor-'
age about 24 bushels to the acre.
Mr. Robert Clerke, chief ot police,
has returned from the recpnt conven-
.tibn_held_ln_Va nc.oii _>__. w_ei__hc._o"i_.
tained valuable information, dealing
with the duties of those who have to
look after the execution of* the law's
orders. In order to expedite matters
three daily sessions were held. One
of the most pleasing features witnessed during their stay in Vancouver was
a brilliantly executed " demonstration
by the flro department, which now
hns only two horses employed, auto-
m.(*Jbiles replacing the four-footed
means of traction. Anothor incident
that was thoroughly enjoyed by all
participants was a banquet hold at
1 l-.c Empress Hotel Victoria', when ihe
delegates of tho convention were llio
guosts of the polico commissioners of
tho cnpltal city. In nil the (rip lias
been both enjoyable and Instructive'
to all participants.
TAX RATE IS
20 MILLS
CIJj Fathers, Arrive at
Satisfactory Rate—to
Assist Library
Minutes of a' meeting of the Municipal Council of the Corporation ot (he
rity of Fornie held in the City Coun-
cl! Chambers on Thursday, A-Jtg-Jsc
Ilth.   1910,  nt'S  p.'iii.    '
Present: Mayor Ucrchmcr. Alderman, Johnson, Kennedy, Beck, Morrison, White and Broley.  ,    •
Moved by Aldermen Johnson and
Beck that the city clerk be instructed
to write the laundry man that he
must raise the height of his smoke-
stack to the satisfaction of the city
engineer and also put on a spark-
arrester. ■ Carried.
Moved   by , Aldermen Johnson and
Beck    that    we    purchase  lot from'
George Barton In school block for the
Pinii of $1,000.    Carried.'
Moved by Aldermen Morrison and
Beck that His Worship, the Mayor,
ancl Aldermen Beck and,Kennedy act
with thc Board of Trade and Liberal
Association to make arrangements to
present an address to the Honorable-
Sir Wilfrid Laurier on August ■ 30th.
Carried. .
Moved   by   Aldermen Kennedy' and ,
Beck that the report of the Medical
Health Officer be received and filed:
Carried.
Moved by Aldermen Johnson' and
White that the rate of taxation for
this year be struck at; 20 mills.
Carried.
Notice of Motion.—I beg to give
notice that at the next meeting cf
Council I will, introduce a by-law *.o •
purchase,, and operate a partially free
public library .within' the limits o£
the City of Fernie.      ,   F. WHITE.   -
Moved    by    Aldermen    Beck   and
2nd,
3rd.
•lth.
5th,
Cth,
7th.
8th.
Winston Churchill avers that be has
no powor to prevent tbe Jcffrle-
Jobnion pictures.
That, tho' mining ratos ln Illinois bo advanced 3 cents por ton, mino run coal
dond work bo ndvnnced r*.r-5 per cont.
That tho wagos of shot-firers bo paid by tho oporators at a rnto not to excood 'lVi cents por ton produced
at mlnos whoro' shot-flrors nro omployod. Tho shot-flrerB shall bo undor tho control nnd direction of thn
mine mnnagor both as to tho Inspection and shooting of tho shots. To onforco thiB provision a clause ahnll
bo written In tho contrnct providing thnt when the miners in nny mine Interforo with tho duties of the
shot-flroi'B .tho minors Ih that mine Bhnll bo required to pay tho shot-firers, during tho unoxplrod portion of
tho contract. ■■
That tho mining rato in Williamson and Franklin Counties bo advanced 2 conts per ton extra abovo lho
regular ndvnnco.
That an agroomont be mndo for tho.onglneors, flromon and pumpors ns mombors of the* United Mine
Workors, ' .
Thnt tho Illinois operators nttond 'nn Intorstnto Joint Convontlon provlomi to tho oxplrntlon of tho present
contrnct period,
Thnt the clause be agreed to for continuation of work pending negotiations nt end of contrnct period.
Thnt a clnuso bo ngrood upon thnt In enso of dlsputo which cannot bo solllod by tho operators'* nnd miners'
roproBontuUvos of Illinois, tho oporntors havo a right to appoal to tho International Exocutlvo Board nnd
tho mlnos contlnuo In oporntlon ponding such npponl by tho oporntorfl.
Tho onglnooi-B nnd such employes ns nro nocoHsnry to protect proporty under nny nnd nil clrciimslnncos
.... Bhall not bo subject to tho direction or ordors of tho I^ocnl Unions or District Officers but shnll bo sub
joct to tho orders of tho Intnrnntlonal Exocutlvo Hoard,
It will bo soon by tho nbovo tbnt it Is a compromlso of tho terms of tho I'eorln scnlo iih ndopied by tho
highest nuthorlty In tho stnto of Illlnols—a dolognto convontlon—nnd provides, < ,
Thnt tho domnnds of tho minors tbnt tho oporntors uliall pny tho Bhot-flrors, bo modified   niyl   Hint tlio
operators Bhnll only pny ono nnd ono-hnlf cents (1%) per ton townrd tho pnymont of the shot-flrors:
. Thnt tho minors In Williamson and . rnnklln counties shnll rocolvo iin  iiildiilonnl  two  (2)  conts IiihI ond
of throo (.1) conts ns domnndod:
Thnt tho miners lu tho long-wall flold of Northern Illinois shnll nol receive tho ndilllloiml two (2) cents
domnndod, nnd ovory nddltlonnl domnnd contnlnod In tho I'eorln agreement, mich ns thu opornlorH laying, all
motnl truck, uniform rnto for flromon, 12th of Octobor holldny, nnd sovoral othor smrill mnttors ho droppod:
Thnt the district officers shall not have authority tn ordor strlU"« to onforco the tonus of tlio contrnct,
until tho oporntors hnvo npponlod to tho Tntornntlonn] Exocutlvo Honrd:
That If tho minors In uny mlno Intorfcro with tho duties of the shot-firerH, tho miners In the mine shall ho
roqulrod lo pny the shot-flrors during tlio unoxplrod portion of tho contrnct:
Thnt a clnuso bo ngrood to for tho continuation of work pending lu'ijoilnllont* nt the end of tlm contnn:t
period:
This agreement, Is ontlroly unsatisfactory to ynur Exocutlvo Hoard, as It. conlomplatriH n reduction lo many
ot our mon now nt worlc.   Wo wero confident Hint Mils striko wns won nnd now lo ho robbed of tho victory dm1
\IH,  UilllllUl,   UU   tic .*> I;*!   IXLLIL   ,M$ lI.UI_,   IIUI   i.i/>likt.'»j,|,t   «i.i.,    i.il,   itit.tnl   i,f,«j*k    til.-,-,*-,-'   tlj    lifl*.   Ii*4,,j,,'i.'i^   ,1,   u,t.   It, l,t,nti.„-
Don, In rtrfenne of thoir rlrrhtn, ., • ■
Thn Illinois Btnlo offlclnlH wero not consulted In rogard to holding tho conference nt Indlnnnpolls, but worn
only Invited to npponr boforo tho Intornntlonnl Executive Honrd nt tho snnin tlmn tho Illinois operators were
prosont, The mnttor was referred to n commute-) composed of Miles Dougherty, (District No, il Anthracite),
T. 1». . nhoy, (District No. 22, Wyoming), T. .1 .Hmlth, (DUtrlct No. 10, Touik-hhoo), .lames D. McLoiiimii, (District No, 20, Capo Breton, Novn Scotia), mid William Ilodgors, (District No. 1.1, Iowa).
H. will lm k(ihi, man um mako-up oi itn< Ht>o>(-i toitiunuwi, itiHi, no it-pitiM-inum-:) noiu iuhm.ii-* wum appointed on tho commlttoo, nnd tho only ono In nny wny fnmlllnr with tbo iiltuntlon wns tho mombor from
District No. 13.
If thi**-. agrcomoni Is ratified, lt%prnctlenlly sets n**ldn tho ngreoment adopted In Peoria.,
Everyone should bo notified to'turn out nnd voto on Ibis proposition, nnd overy mombor Bhould voto his
bonost convictions,
Thin circular wan authorized nt n mooting bold July 25th, composed or lho mombors nf tbo District Kxecu-
tlvo Hoard and reprcfttintatlveH from all the mili-dlatrtctn of DUtrlct No. 12.
•White that, the flre~"clTTcT"Ue Instrua--
ed to remove all temporary builjings
within the fire limits forthwith.
Carried,
Moved by Aldermen Broley and
Morrison that we grant to the Ladies'
Benevolent Society the sum of Two
I-I'indred Dollars ($200.00).    Carried.
Moved by .Aldermen Kennedy and
Beck that wo do-adjourn. .Carried.
MACARONI   FACTORY.
From reports there is every likelihood of Mr. Marlnoio who had Intended starting a macaroni manufactory hero selecting some other point
for ils operation because of Inability
to find a suitable location,
LOCAL REHEARSAL OF
"ROMEO  AND JULIET"
Thoro havo boon seve/hl comments
mado by the residents of Wost Fornio
who wore homeward hound from the
moving pictures of the nocontrlclties,
of the oloctrlc light al the corner nf
—r— nvenuo nnd street, nnd
upon Interviewing Clilof City Klne-
trlcinn R. B. C. II Tlaiiimoud ho Informs uh thnt ihero nro hovci'I
drnmntlr- students in the vlcitii'.y who
nro robonrslng lho Imlcony i-i-nin irom
"Itomeo nnd Juliet,"
lie jests nt  scars who novor folt n
wound,.
But Roft! Whnt   light,   thro' yonder
window breaks?
It Is tlu> electric light 'and must he
doudod ore 1 can proceed with
r,my part.
Pnrt of tho scenic properly In a
hammock sufficiently strong to carry
two.      i -"
PROGRAM FOR SUNDAY'S
" BAND CONCERT
A GUESSING  COMPETITION.
0110015 LAWRKNCR, Vice-President. DUNCAN McDONALD. Secy.-Trens.
ARTHUR RHIRLDB. .TAMKB LORD.
DANIRL CLARK. MOSB JOHNBON.     .
JOHN H. WALKKR. President.
nOIJERT OSIIORNK,
nERNAHI) MURPHY.
PAUL J. SMITH,
I
P. B.   Slnco writing the nbovo wo have received a check for $16,000 from tho Nations! office, which means
approximately thlrtysovcn and one-half cent* (37 l-2c) per nan for thorn still on strike.
According .to roport from the
Const Mr. Ctitinlnghiiin will shortly
tnko a trip tn Kant KooUmny to
strengthen tho quiii-nntlm* work In
Unit dlHlrlul, On tlm Ouw'h Nost.
lino, he says, hoiiio il'iugi'i' oxlsls of
Infected stock from Idaho nnd Montana cm-ping In, and any wi-nH tipots
would bn romodlml nftor IiIh trip. It
In piobnbli) tluit nn officer will bo
Htntloncd nl Mlchol In '-mini ngiiliiNl.
such  HlilpuiL'iitn  from  tlio  cunt.
If llioro bo it roal danger of In-
fooled Hloek "cronplug In" why nol
have the officer stntloiind lomcwhoro
in.-.um Ilii' Omnium,*, him* Uiiiii .Siuiifi
lipf-nu.'-.r- in tin* "cri-ejilnif hi" jivl .
ofinsldnrnnln ilniungo mny ho done to
tho fruit orrliiirds of Mcfllllwiiy,
Trlwood, HoNinor, Mparwooil and OIhoii
while on routo.. but pnrhaps tho
Kolfction Is mado bocuiisi' of cunlrnl
loi'iillu.li nml Uio nuiiif-iiim*.' prncoHh
could !be moro economically nnd expeditiously nrcnmpllHlmil by leaving
tho fumes from tlio cnlcn ovens lo tin-
nllillnto tho pests. Agnlii tbo "creep-
I iir In" might ho done by the . Ini-
bend country or via tlm fi'ummlt nnd
as the pent Him-ailii)*; tn:«iA i-iiti-rt.-tl
the vulloy or Michel tho faithful
gunrdlau of the urdur*!!*;!** af (hat
locality could pounce on tho crooplng
In culprits nnd s-vmsh them Instnntor.
PukIo—Wh'o will bo tlin mnn whose
political services justify his engage-
mont ror this Important position? This
i* a free miesslng competition,
The following Is tho program thnt
tho City Band will present, on tho
band stand noxt Sunday nt 4:150
o'clock, when the citizens will have
nn opportunity of listening lo somo
miiHlonl renditions that, have boon
carefully studied. The hnnd masiei,
Signor 0. Zaeciiro, foolH now thnt,
after constant' i-oIioiii-hiiTs Ihat tho
musicians will ncmilt IhouiHolves with
credit to Its nudlonco and lo his in-
HtroctlonH. This is the first of a
.series'of concerts Hint will bo given
overy ' Sunday during1 tho hoiisou,
weather permitting.
In tho near futuro seats will bo Installed nnd n smnll sum charged, llio
procoeds of which collect Ion will no
to'the benefit of tho bnnd,
Program.
1. Al Cninpldogllo (March)   	
..'   fl. Fll'iipii
2. FoHlii   ill   Ciinipiigiiii    (Couiilrv
Holiday) overture  A. Cnrllnl
""Among   the   Mountains"   Mn/,
iirl-i)  C /.iicciii'o
Inli'i'inlsslon  (in miliums .
.11     llro     a      Segno    'TaiT,->t
Hhoollng) Mnrch 	
KxcoIhIoii, Hiiloctlon ,
7. —-The Caprice, polka
S,. flod  Ravn llio  King.
Handbills will bo dlstrHn'od on the
Ki'oumltt,
;i.
ti,
Muzzanl
'Marengo
. Oliver
J, PECK MACSWAIN ON DECK.
.1. I'llck Miif-Hwnln, poot, olcturer
nud philanthropist. Is In Hin Nlcoln
vulloy citinpnliniliig In favor of the
Hrott Act. ProfoHHor MncSwnlii will
lociiiro nt Interior points during tlio
fnll mul wlntor. Uo Is exported In
tho Hlocnn onrly In Hoptember. Mr.
M.'iiHwniii   bus   devotod   much   tiiim-
nnd iiinnnv In Hie utiiilv nf tlio llrilldi'
', i problem, Is clover ami n forceful
Hpt-aKor. tlo is not. iiHSOcinit'ii wim
Dr. Hpoiuer, but is tndopuiidoiiily devoting IiIh time and his monnn to
the toiiiponuiie online, ilo will receive a warm welcome from nil his
„r ,y .„,„,,...   .,,,.1   ..It.,,   f,■!,... ,1,.        C!l„„„,,
Uucoril. ,
Tlmt'H right Peek, down with the
liquor mid keep il down oven If you
hnvo to sit down In downing tt,
I.AYINQ CORNER-STONE,
The <ori*.i.-r fttniie of Christ chunh
Is to bo Inld on Tuesday ovoning, tho
Ilth, Inst. ,nt 7 o'clock. Clergymen
from iiolghhorlnK cities have been Invited to ptirllflpftto In the coromo-iloi:.
The Hon. W. H. Ross. M. P. V„ will
lny tho corner ston<», nnd the Rev.
Fred W, Grnhnm ot Nelson will kIvo
the address.
* s1 "^T^^^'j3'"
jf^'tiw^l* —
-rvT-
'.,: .•".-*t>- ■ •
; ..-o*,.7f
^X^W^-^^;
"^^■Srs-*r3^l**',"'!^"^,,Ji"Jjs.
1 V\ •
PAGE TWO
THE  DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, .B. C,, AUGUST IS, 101ft
CONDITION OF
THE FOREIGNER
Four Millions in America That Can-
not   Speak English-Menace
To Fellow-workers
LABOR   NOTES.
That there are nearly 4,000,000' foreigners who do not speak English in
America was one of the facts which
led Peter Roberts, immigration' secretary of the International Y. M. C. A,
to make a campaign of education.' To
him the fact that the personal safety
of the laborers so often depends on
his knowledge of English is more important even than1 the economic and
political advantages. He was himself
a miner in his youth, and as a Presbyterian paslor for 18 years In the
anthracite region has come to believe that much of the' personal injury and loss of life In the mln»s is
due to misunderstanding of orders by
miners who do not know a word of
English. In one mine in Michigan
Dr. Roberts found only 16 men in 225
who spoke English' at* all.
■ Dr. Roberts, says his interviewer,
can tell you case after case whicli he
personally knows about. One story
he told me has nothing to do with
mines, but it illustrates the point in
a few words. It is simply the story
of a worker in a mill in Pittsburg
who was ordered by a foreman to
pick up a crowbar and carry it to a
building toward which the foreman
"pointed. The workman had gone
about,200 feet on his .way when the
foreman shouted to him to get out of
the way of "a "live". Wire which had
suddenly broken loose. The poor fellow "did not understand a -word of
what the foremain shouted, did not
see the,wire, and, in- a moment was
killed. These things weighed. heavily
on Peter Robert's mind. He could rest
easier if such things, were'not hap--
pening..
The  old   method  of .alphabet' and
grammatical rules-was found unsuccessful   in    teaching the foreigners,
■ who were too impatient to fuss with
it.   Then Dr. Roberts acted on a,suggestion in Ouio'n's "Art- of Learning
and Teaching Languages," that "the
common ordinary • foreigner who has
neither  taste' for," nor  need  of," the
- fine points  of  our language,  should
be taught English just as the littlo
__ehild^learns_itj!-_om^_is^mot_eiii=_
by imitation. ,.
The teachers * of Peter Robert's
system do not need to know' a word
of any language except English. The
first lesson is .entitled "Getting up in
the Morning." "The teacher stands up
beforo his class, shuts his oyes, yawns
stretches himself, and says, "I awake
from sleep." The class imitates, and
then the teacher goes on acting out
and repeating over and over these
sentences:
I must get up;
I throw back the bed clothes;
I get out of bed;
I put on my pants;
I put oh my stockings and shoes;
I wash myself;    *
I comb my hair;
I put on my collar and necktie;
I put on my vest' and coat;
1 opon the door of my bedroom;
I go down stairs.
This is tho whole of tho first lesson, and,, aside from Imparting a few
words, it gonornlly causes a good doal
of entertainment for the pupils, From
this first lesson tho pupils go on
through n series of 30 lessons, all of
whicli nro mado up from tho dally experiences of an ordinary man, The
rosult Is that tho avorago pupil has n
good many laughs, causes a good
many laughs, keeps Intoroslod In a
sort ot serial story, and, If reasonably successful, ends his courso having a vocabulary of" COO or 700 common words of ovory-dny uso. (Tho
avorago child of six or sovon has a
vocabulary of 200 or !)00 words; tho
nvorngo small rot nil merchant usos
•100 or 500 worda In Ills businoss
dealings,)
In splto of tho brlof two yonrs In
which tho plan has boen tried,/somo
7,000 pupils nro onrollod In. 22(5
classes and Dr. Roberts spondH over
half his tlmo satisfying tho demands
for "demonstrations" to now touchers,
Tho tenchors aro most of thom
young men who, for philanthropic
reasons, nro willing to give up an
ovoning or two a wook to glvo tliolr
follow mon, nil hough Dr. Roberts hnH
boon succosiifiil In finding n motlvo
to plnnt In tlio minds of othors:
nninely, thnt oxporlonco In dealing
wllh rnw material, nnd a sympathetic
Inlorost In mon, nro Invnliliiblo to a
young mnn who Is oduenllng hlmsolf
for a profession, or a businoss enroor
whore ho conies Into contact with
liiborlng mon. In Now York City
nlono Dr. Robert's nssocinto, .rod
Rlinlgo, hns nblnlnnd tho sorvloos of
70 Hl'idnntH    In    throo   universities,
each of whom gives a night or two
a week to the work. Classes meet
in churches, offices,, social settlements, barns, shops, boarding houses,
factories (many employers are becoming interested)—indeed, classes
are held wherever a place can be
provided. Not a penny' is charged
many pupils, while others pay a few
cents per lesson. -One class in New
York City has been meeting in the
ouice of the eaitor of an Esthonian
newspaper published, In ^ New York.
The editor '"could hot speak a word
of English and joined the class. His
newspaper contained nothing but Esthonian news but not a word about
our-national or city affairs—and circulated among Esthonian s. The biggest joke of all is that Dr. Roberts
and ■ all others with whom I have
talked never heard of such people as
the Esthonians until this matter came
up. Yet there are enough Esthonians
in New York City to support a newspaper in their own tongue.—Industrial Index.
. Concilitatioh in^Labor Disputes.
The number of trade disputes which
came to', the'notice 'of the London
Labor Concilttation Board last year
was 409. That board held ten" meetings, and it is strange that only nine
of th'e^dlsputes 'were considered. Still
great progress was made in promoting
industrial harmony, and there should
be ■ a large. amount of good, useful
work in the future to be_,accomplished by the boa'rd.-
„,   American Miners* Federate.
Mr. Tom Maim has returned to
England from'Australia with the.idea
of advocating the consolidation of the
various labor forces. The same idea
apparently prevails amongst the
American miners. 'It is reported that
the Western Federation of Miners
have ,D decided. to merge with the
United Mine Workers. This important step has been agitated for some
time, and the voting showed* an overwhelming majority in its favor.'' All
the workers in' the mining industry,
the coal miners and the metal miners,
are now one strong, powerful body,
and,they are affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. The great
importance of this movement is that
it may lead to other unions amalgamating, and thus American labor
forces will be Immensely strengthened. Tliere is a general Impression
that the desire to hold office, as In
the past, had the effect of keeping
certain organizations apart. This is
not the true trade' union spirit, and
the action taken by the American
miners may will lead others to put
on the considering cap and arrange
to strengthen' their organizations by
consolidation.   *
the Western Steel company. ' The
object!of. this railroad Is to' tap the
coal belts' in, the neighborhood.. ;;=;
*. The. large-fishing establishments bit
the coast- interested Mr.-*' McQuarrie
who spent considerable time at Rose
Harbor, a whaling station. He -was
surprised at, the large number of
Nelsonites that he met both "at Prince
Rupert "and on Queen Charlotte
islands and . the kindly recollection
that thoy all had of Nelson.   .
WILL CONTINUE THEIR
FIGHT  AGAINST   DIAZ
THE EIGHT HOUR  DAY.
Mexicans Just Released From Prison
Regard   Revolt  as  the  Only
Way to Reforms.
■FLORENCE, Ariz., Aug.' 13.—Declaring themselves still in favor of a
revolution ° against President Diaz,
Ricardo Flores Magon, Antonio I.
Villareal and Tibercio Rivera, the
Mexican political agitators, yesterday
walked from the territorial' prison at
Florence free men after being co>
fined three years. As ■ soon as the
Mexicans were released they received
a delegation".of newspaper men and
told them in the strongest terms that
while they had no intention of breaking the' laws of any land? they proposed'to keep up their fight against
the '-Tyrant Diaz." They , declared
they, had ' not wavered a , hair's
breadth in their beliefs and principles,
so far, as political conditions in Mexico -were concerned. '
Shortly after leaving,their cells, the
three Socialists boarded a train for
_Lo_s_Angefes,« „ -, _,—
Labor Exchanges and Strikes.
In the case of an employer, of
labor having a strike declared against
him, the question as]to.whether he
can successfully apply to the labor
exchanges for workers to fill the
places of, the'' men on strike is of
great importance. The point at issue
is whether a .labor exchange' is able
to" refuse' to supply the men. . Great
caution*is needed in regard to this
matter, and Mr. William Brace, M. P.',
has "already drawn attention to * it.
There1'is, he says, an obligation*upon
a labor exchange official of putting
workmen who are out bf employment
in possession of'the fact that there
is a strike.
,"We are still for revoltuion in Mexico under Diaz," said the three men
as they stepped from their cells,
somewhat weakened in body from
their imprisonment, but stronger in
spirit than ever. "There is no other
avonuo than revolution for reform in
Dfaz country."        ,.    "
Magon was more talkative than his
comrades and he seemed ansfous
that' the world should know at once
,that imprisonment has not weakened
their courage.
"We havo no intention of breaking
any of the laws of this country" said
Magon., "We do not bollove that we
have broken any laws in the past.
We have been persecuted at tho Instance of certain American Interests
who nre receiving special privileges
at tho hands of the Moxlcan government, We expect that wo will again
be subjected to persecution,, but wo
dopend upon the peoplo of just and
liboral views In -this country "to see
that wo aro not unjustly Imprisonod."
Tho throo Moxlcans reliovod from
prison originally clashed with tho
United States authorities In St. Louis,
whero Magon Is alleged to havo boon
conducting a bureau for Mexican political rofugoes under tbo gulso of n
nowspnpor,
Mngon nn,d his two associates woro
later arrested by tbo Los Angolos police on ordors from tho fodoral government nnd wero Imprisonod In tho
county jnll In*tho early part of 1008
facing chnrgos ot conspiracy and Inciting rebellion against a frlondly
govornment, Tho throo woro kept In
jail in Los Angeles for nearly a year
before thoy wero sont to Arizona,
Thoro thoy wero triad and sentoncod
to tho jionli.ont.lnry from which thoy,
hnvo just boon„roloasod.
Miscellaneous.
-Employment during the.past month
was, on the whole, better than that
in May. - Most trades0 showed a decided improvement, but there was a
falling off* in the..lace * trade. The
cotton trade was decidedly worse than
a year ago, and'there is a slight,decline in, the coal mining industry.
• Mr. Thomas Burt, M. P., .will-at-
-ten d*~tLe~M in ers'^International^Coff"
gress at, Brussels on behalf of the
federation of Great Britain.   '
On behalf of the skilled laborers
in government dockyards petitions
liave been 'made to the proper quarters with the result that, the government .has decided to Increase the
maximum rate of pay by 2s weekly:
The Unemployed Workmen Act,
1905, is to be continued for another
year, but Mr. .lohn Burns =*. will only
be able to grant £100,000 for the
work; which is half' of the grant
given last winter.
An application for an advance bf
_d per hour upon, wages undor 28s
a week, and an equivalent on piecework* prices,' has been made to the
employers on behalf of the National
Amelganiated Society of Brass Workers.. (:
GREAT ACTIVITY IN COAL LANDS.
Railway   Being   Surveyed, on   Queen"
Charlotte Island—R. M. McQuarrie
Returns From Visit.
R. M. McQarrio roturned on Friday
night from . tho Queen Charlotte
Islands and Prlnco Ruport whoro ho
has been Investing ln coal lands. Mr.
McQuarrlo reports that thoro is groat
activity In lands undor option. A
railroad is being survoyod 12 milos
Inland from Quoon Charlotte City by
Although   the   daily   papers   have
made it appear as though the, Italian
laborers were   responsible   for -the
trouble over the shorter workday :o
civic contracts, those who are in -lore
touch with the_ shorter workday movement on ■ civic work will agree that
the Italians    have   been    made the
scapegoats by a number of clever and
unscrupulous * contractors,   who,   although they signed contracts providing for an eight-hour day, deliberately broke their contracts and paid the
Italian^ laborers the  same wage .for
nine hours, as tho city rules say shall
be paid for ah eight-hour day.- Every
possible subterfuge has been resorted to in order to convince the civic
authorities that the men wero  only
working eight hours and when it was
discovered that tho contract was being violated, the contractors then set
up the plea,that the men were working  eight  hours  on  city  work  and
the other hour on private contracts.
To get down to specific cases, Mr.
M. P. Cotton has a contract for clearing, streets between Granville street
and, the Eburne - tram line, south, of
Broadway.* Complaints were made that
his men were'working 10 hours per
day, the statements being afterwards
substantiated by affidavits  detailing
the ' working    hours.    When  called
upon for. an explanation, Mr. Cotton,
or his bookkeeper, said that, the men
were working eight   hours    on   the
streets and .the other two hours,per
day was spent ln clearing C. P. R.
lots.
.This statement   was1   investigated
and it was found that although' the
men ■ had   been  working  ten" 'hours
per day for more than a month, not"a
single lot had*been cleared, although
it is admitted that- a*,   few-stumps
have been taken* out since .pressure
has been' exerted from. the city hall
and a threat' made to exact penalties.
..Finding all other schemes blocked,
Mr. Cotton reduced the hours of* his
men—not forgetting to reduce the pay
at the same time—explaining to .the
Italians, that the city was'compelling
him to do so, much" as he personally
regrette.d it.*"     ,     .-   .
Quite naturally, the Italians refused,
to work for less wages than' the regular employes'receive, * and believing
that they, were being unjustly treated,
they got busy and informed the balance of their,countrymen.
—Xhisrgave-_lr. Gotton-the-opportun-
ity he had* been* looking for,'a chance
to secure, police protection- and the
ear of a number of-faithful contractor
aldermen in the' city, council.; Although a strenuous fight was put' up
by "Aldermen McTaggert, Stevens, En-
right, McPherson and His Worship
Mayor Taylor,-they .were beaten down
to a compromise position," It" being
finally decided • to permit the ' contractors to work their men 18 ho'ivs
per week, between the hours of7"a.
m. and 6 p. m. '
This action virtually means a defeat, for the eight-hour day, because
there is no way to check tlie number
of hours workod by, tho Individual
workors, Tho men may be,, divided
up, some starting at 8:00, and stopping at. 0:00, others starting at 7:00
and quitting at 5:00,* all working moro
than eight hours por day, but afraid
to complain for fear of being dis:,
charged,and tho city authorities unable to socuro evidence without employing a' staff of dotectlvos.
Good may, however, come out of
tho dispute—tho civic' omployos may
learn that an organization Is nocessary to protect thom from tho avaricious contractors, and tho workors generally throughout tho city will probably seo^ tho necessity of securing a
fow moro seats In tbo, council for
men of tho working* class whenever
tbo opportunity presents ItBOlf.—The
Western Ware-Earn or.
The
and
Only
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
45 Steam-Heated Room*
Hot and Cold Baths
The a King E^
-■    - ' "■"   *-• ■ -   ,'   '*** i    •     '     -   ■ '     •"    ,
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial - Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay,
J. L. > GATES, Prop.
TT
•yij
:.". fl
August 6-11
A8K SIR WILFRID.
Thn Dominion govornment extended no nld to Fornio when It, was destroyed by flro, nnd Ir, has glvon nothing lo rollovo tho victims of tho
Cambollton dlsaslor. Sir Wlllfrid
Lnurlor and his collonguo'j cnn find
lots of money for thn party hoolers,
plenty of cnsh for ovorybody on tito
pntronngo list, nnd millions of dollars
for political public works In doubtful
constituencies, Hul, whon n ISrltish
Columbia or a Now llriiiiswli.lt town
Is wiped off tho mnp, and Its thou-
snnits of inhabitants precipitated Into
n Htalo of unsholtorod poverty, lho
Criblnot Is Htrlckon with n fit of
oconomy,—Toronlb Nows.
Women's Secrets
Tliere li one man in the United States who list perhaps lienrd
more women's necreti tlmn any oilier man or woman In the
country. Thete necreti nre not leoreti nf guilt or -ilinme, but
llu* .rrrrt. nf *ttt(rrlriti t  nnd thry tmvr hrm (.pnfitinl to IV.
R. V, I'ierce in the hope md expectation of advice and help.
That lew of theie women have been diiippolntcd in their ex*
peotitloni ii proved hy the fact that ninety-eight per eent, of
„ all -women treated by Dr.-Pierce have been abnolutely and
1 altogether eured. Such a record would ba remarkable If the
etiea treated were numbered by hundreds only. Hut when
Ihat record applies to the treatment of more than balf-a- million women, in ■ pmeflee of over 40 yean, it ii ph-pnomenal,
and entitles Dr. Pierce to the gratitude aooordad him by women, tut Die firat of
tpeelilltti In the treatment of women, dlteaiei.
Ev»ry tick woman may consult Dr, I'iero* by latter, absolutely without
charge. All replies are mailed, sealed in perfectly plain envelopes, without
any printing or advertising whatever; upon tnem. writ* without fear at with*
wt (te, to World's Dlipeossry Medical AssooUtio-***, Dr, It. V. Pieroe, Prest.,
Buffalo, N.Y. .„..,..
DR. FIKI1CE ♦«   FAVOWTK  1PUKHCRIFTION
SMCaOcoM tltr-**.*U TKroMa-nM. Mtronflr.
JSlolc. Womnn XT-Coll*
KAMLOOPS   EXHIBITION
ii J "
SEPT. 28, 29, 30th
Thoro is nothing to provonl Pernio boys nnd girls from ontorlng for tho
following, competition:
Division L
*' FINE ARTS—ORIGINAL   WORK.
Glass        ,                  '                                          ,                First Second
11)01   Drawing, pen and Ink    2,00 1,00
1H02   Oil painting, ItmilBcnpo    2,00 1.00
IHOii   Oil painting, marlno  ' .,..,..   2,00 1.00
1II0-I   Oil painting, Htlll lifo     2.00 1,00
1305   Wntorcolor, still lifo     2,00 1,00
l.'IOtl   Wntorcolor, Inmlnnnpo     2.00 1,00
11107, .nil! or flowoi'H, from nature, wntorcolor    2.00 1,00
IMS   Fruit or flowoi'H, from naturo, olbi ,    2,00 1,00
UI00   Wood cnrvlng  ,*.    2.00 1.00
1310   Chlnn pnlntlng ,   2,00 1.00
COPIE3.
HII1   Drawing, crayon or poncll     1,00 .50
t!U2   Drawing, pen mul Ink     1,00 ,G0
1,'IKI   Oil painting, landscape, otc    1.00 ,r,o
i.,'*i      KJLL    i-Hlllllll-.,    htlll    illO       J,(JO ,50
XfiXtx   V.'nlr-ri'olnr, Inndscjiju*-       },{,D ,i,Q
KMfi   Wntorcolor, still lifo    1.00 '       .CO
1317   Fruit or flowers In watorcolors    1,00 .r>0
l'HK   Fruit or flowers In oils     1,00 .50
liiin   Pyrogrnphy In wood, leather, oto '.    1,00 ,10
I'.l'iO   Decorative pnlntlng    1.00 .r,0
x:\iX   j'ciimnnHhlp, boys ]',l or under    1,00 ,.10
11122   I-iimmishlp, girls ill or undor .,    1,00 .no
1.'t_:i   Penmanship, hoy under 0 years    1,00 ,   ,60
1324   Ponmnnnhlp, girl undor 0 yeam.    1,00 .RO*
l.'llin   Mnp of llrltlsh Columbln by nny pupil undor 15 yonrs
nitondlng school  , ,..,,   2,00 1,00
1.126   Freehand drawing by any pupil under 15 yenrs nttund-
lug school  , ,    2,00 1.00
Amainurs are understood to bo Hmno who do not profit or Uttbltuully
soil or offer for salo thoir productions, nnd who hnvo not nt any tlmo hor.v
toforo dono so,   Articles cnn only be ontorod In ono class. '     "
Evidence of originality to bo furnished by exhibitor whenever required
by tbo judges or tho committee.
Nn work will bo awarded a monoy prize In tbo flno art> department
tbat hns onco taken,« prlxe at * previous Kamloops Agricultural aisocln-
tfou exhibition, but may isbow Cur \ diploma.,
KNTRIKS CLOBW SRPTKMnFin 87, AT 6 P, M.
•J«J3
YOUR STORE'S AFIRE!
Cling!' Clang! go the fire* bells,
and off the firemen - are to the.
scene of-devastation.. I say! Mr.'
Merchant!- „     , ' ■'
ARE YOU INSURED?
If not, "it will be "a "dead" loss this
time, as everything Is going up "in
smoke."    - * •"
. Take warning and have us.
7WRITE YOU UP,
SOME FIRE INSURANCE
Don't let above dream come'true.
M.A.eSTNERi;
Insurance and Real Estate
DoGrs &
Are liecessaiy these days to keep
put those pesky. flies. We have
the very latest" in these goods and
invite your inspection. ;0
Coal  Oil Stoves for
1
cIs a blessing to;every housekeep-;
er aiid, once 'tried is.alway iised
V- '   - ' - ' '    , '       -       x '
when occassion, requires—carried
in several sizes at right prices. ^
.Hardware      J.   J).   QU,AIL '-/Furniture
Fernie Opera Hous.
Mdviiig
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
KENNEDY  &  MANGAN
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
;   DON'T ".TRAMP,,ALL lOVEf.   '
-■  but follow the sign-that leads,-"
. - .to.'this. yard. -It-'" is- the  best.
■ place we know'of to buy lumber
"' - for. a .fence;-"hencoop, barn', or
■ hOU-Cy    '*'.      '■',''' ■■ ■   '
77,SEASONED LUMBER.!../
., .*kiln-dried,' .the best to be.had-
'and at lowest prices is what wo
.offer merchant, farmer or.bank-
,er.'.* Get lumber here" "and your
buildings -will stand the ravishes
of* '• time ' aiid will vb'e'* tlie kind' -'
you cain point to and be proud of -
Phone 23 P.p. Box 22 *
OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHER80N  AVE., OPP. <& N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE
•*********VHt********->^
Night
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Be Up-to-date and Equip Your Works with
Canadian General Electric Co. i
>■
>■
>■
>■
**, >•
>■
>■
Induction Motors
. Full Information and Quotations Cheerfully Furnished
Calgary Branch Office,'      325 A Eighth  Ave,   West
y******M.*****k***********^ Mr
ii
WHAT GOMPERS ONCE SAID,
In tho fourteenth annual roport of
tho Michigan bureau of labor, leauod
In 1807, thoro Is an article by Samuol
Qompors, On pago 207 of that nrtlelo
he sayB: '       ■■■ '
Tho conflict botwoon tho laborers
nnd tho cnpltnllstn Ih ns to tho quantity, tho amount, tho wagos tho
Inboror shall rocolvo for his pnrt In
,production nnd thn roslduo or profit
which shall go to tho onpltnllst, Tho
ono Is tho sollor of a\\ nrtlelo—-tlmo--
lnbor; tho other Is lho buyer of this
snmo nrtlelo, Ilntwonn tho snllors
and tho huyors of nny ono thing thoro
novor yot hns boon n community of
Intorosts, This conflict for tho Inr-
gost shnro of tho production hns gono
on from tlmo immomorlnl, mul cannot conso until the laborers shall ho
tho capitalists, I, o„ lho capitalists
"hnll \w Dw hl-crcr**. In olV.tr wor-Ji
I hay shnll hn one nnd tho namtx porsons,
is thoro anything in tlmt statomont
that Is not truo? Is thoro anythliif,
{hat ilio.juithor \vould llko to iloiiy
now?
I. li,  ■t,ur. u-jo  -.ikCk-i, in til  OX), XW^bi)
truo todny?  If tt Is truo, why Is flom-
pers opposing lho Socialist party?
Ab UnRhamurn Togo snys: "No
answer Is oxpoctod."—Dnlly Socialist.
Save Your dollar by
Dealing with Us
Wo havo yot a big stock of Suramor Goods to cloar
nnd to mako room for our wlntor stook wo offor you
exceptionally good snaps in tho following linos;
Men's Suits, reg, $18.00
Men's Undersuits 1.50
Men's Sateen Shirts 1.25
Men's Sox, per pair     •
To clear $13.50
<<
(<
'M
C<
H
<(
KEFOURY BROS.
Noxt to Wigwam Untidy Htoro
Noxt to Northorn Iloto
THE PRIZE FIGHT.
"I know n man who owns a mill nnd
nmplnyn very little, fnnnpnbto -children to do vory big, capable woiJf.
Ho don't bollovo In prlsto fights,
"I, know a msn--n coal b»t*on—wbo
inys: *\Vo liko to got our mon ni«^
rlod oorly. Then thoy won't strlk****.
A mnn with a family makes ft good
stave' His dou't Lt-.lU-.vtt la utlw
fights,
"I know merchant! who pay auch
low wagos I that tho girls from behind
tho coun torn nro forced on tlio stroma
tu tlitltiU ilwk Uvluti. Tlwy xlou'l ';_
llovo In .prlco fights,
"Try to think of tho modern factory
ownorB. Most of thom don't bollovo
In prlsto flpjhtB,   Think, of their fue-
tni'li"". Tlt'nV of i ft^**!*1. T'"? fto
torlos nro holls. Tho fights nro
heavens In comparison, Think of tho
clinln gnngB. Think of tho Jails. Hns
nny .mnn who bollovoa In a prison
any call to think a prlzo fight barbarous ?"~-Trnubot.
A "SQUEAL" PROM  THE  BENCH.
Maglstrato—"You admit you stole
the pis"?
I'rlnonor—"I 'avo to.".
M8gUtrftU*-"Very well, then. Thor-**
hns boon & lot of plf-stcalinu going
un latoly, aud I <ua going lu mako *,-
example of you, or nono of us will bo
«ftfo."-Tatler. ''
Sherman Testimonial Fund.
Tho following nor lhe nmnnntn ro*
colvod on bohnlf of this fund up to
July 1st; i
No,     Local Amt.
28D0 Konmaro   $ 60.00
2107 Ilosmor   27S.00
xl&i L-tiio   124.1)0
431 Bollvtio  SfiO.OO
1S84 Canmoro .,,    fiO.OO
20 Unnkhond 120.25
103 Tabor .,    67.00
2G40 Edmonton     4,20
C74 Lothbrldgo '., 140.00
1050 Taber       8M!>
2820 MaploLoaf    30,00
383,1 Coleman  358.00
2334 Michel   057,00
2314 Fornio  .- 225,00
Mr. C J. Eckstrom, Lethbridge 100.00
Friend (J. II.) ,,.........,..,    5,00
!Z.8IS0.7t
A. J. CAHTBH, Hoc. Treae.
District 18 U. M, W. of A.
Frilbkaioa  1(7.00
u
___i
____■ K!^*.
THE  DISTRICT  LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 13, 1910.
PAGE THREE
^ffijf>erpr William
Solving  Socialism
THE CROP THAT PAYS.,
. BERLIN," Aug.* 13.—Emperor; Wll--*
Ham is trying to solve" questions ef
Socialism by frequent changes of the
ministry. In the past six weeks
there have been no less than .five
ministers appointed by the Kaiser.
For a monarch who is not responsible to a parliament and can - retain
his servants as long as he likes, _WU-
, Ham's-^consumption of ministers is'
I surely large.. -    .7    .-■•*-    ■_.-.-
■'-■■* People, are now,talking of a So^
■cialist ..party in* the next■',Reichstag
commanding 120 votes." As there are
only 397., members of the Reichstag
;that would make the government^of
..Germany, possible. . Conservatives da
- not .believe, that It will come to that
"but'It  cannot1 be  gainsaid  that-the
'Socialistic vote, has Increased030 per
cont since  the  low wator mark of
1907 . when Prince Buelow    left    it.
The non-Socialist Radicals have helped the Socialist party iri the last three
, by-elections, not through  .a    recog-
, hized coalition but because the ideals
of both, are about equal.
Of  the  departing  ministers   .who
proved  unsuitable  to  the needs  of
-William, interesting elements are attached to each. , Herr von, Dernberg
* . the colonial secretary,; who discovered the. German colonies, attempted to
explain to the peoplo the benefits to
.. be derived from the great sums of
money expended' upon the colonies.'
'He was ridiculed;/Baron'von Schben
was, held up as a foreigner because
, he, used to live Iri France and speaks
the Parisian tongue   with    faultless
.grace.    Baron,  von    Schoen. Is now
taking himself to Paris as the Ger-
, man ambassador and . Is'  a   happy
man. -' .       ,  -7, l
'■■•* Herr von  Klderlen Vaechter, the
;  .new minister, Is the strong man ,of
.German-diplomacy. ■ He" is 58 years
7 old, corpulent and. wears a military
moustache.    He  ranks,as   the   first
German authority on the Eastern affairs and in this country* one doe's not
;.get"a reputation for nothing. .He is
a bachelor. "   ". ,,
" Politicians will never forget a certain  debate  iri  the  Reichstag while
Germany was yet in the .tumult of
'the  "Kaiser ^crisis.7during  which  a
" florid,-burly'man "rose from the'gov-
. erriment  bench.'  He  wore  a  waistcoat of, .bright   yellow." Tense with
"  the emotions engendered by.an after-
* noon of. warm debate, both house and
* galleries. welcomed a patch of*, color
...amid   the   sombreness" of. the hour.
. During the preceding debate relent-
-.*. less criticism had been-hurled at the
■conduct ^of _the foreign office. It was
^"to7~^aefel^d"^tBe"^~de^mt~m~ent~^fro~m,
' .'charges*, .of ' Incompetence. :'that this
,; new.speaker had ■ taken: the floor.!
'. "The foreign office,"   he   began, "Is
. it*- -.
hopelessly understaffed. We * are
handling four times as many documents as ever before. I will match
our* zealous'personnel against that of
any foreign office in the world," He
got no further. The house, rocked
with delight. The ■ remainder of the
"speech" was lost in" hilarity. The
"man . wiW the yellow waistcoat"—
as he "was'destined henceforth to be
■known—resume_ • his seat. completely laughed'down.. To. many his identity was unknown/ but whoever he
was/ his career was considered closed.
. This was the parliamentary debut
of Herr von Klderlen- Vaechter who
has been,called to, the helm of Germany's external affairs ,"as foreign
secretary. Summoned to serve temporarily during the outbreak of feeling with-regard to the "Kaiser Interview," he found himself pushed into
the breach at a critical moment, to
discover that his, oratorical powers
were unequal to the emergency.
Europe would err„ grievously ln
judging Herr yon Klderlen Waechter
from his maiden effort In the Reichstag. This Wurtembcrg diplomatist
combines. with his South German
joviality,, an extremely forceful temperament, which is destined to make
Itself felt unmistakably In the Welt-
polltlk of the coming months. - For
ten years Von -Klderlen Waechter—
he Is... often called Von Klderlen
simply—has held the relatively unimportant, post of minister to Roumanla.
From that point of vantage, however,
he. has surveyed the development of
affairs in the Balkans and the near
East and has been a vigilant outpost
of Germany's, vaulting ambitions in
those regions of possibility. The appointment as foreign secretary of the
man,who ranks as Germany's finest
expert on near Eastern conditions is
a factor riot whojly devoid of significance for future events. Whenever itt has been necessary for Baron
Marschall von- Biebersteiri, "Germany's
astute ambassador at- "the" Golden
Horn, .to leave Constantinople, Von
Klderlen Waechter has-been appointed' to act as his .deputy. In the spring
"of 1909, when Austria-Hungary and
Germany were bidding ..^Europe .defiance =6i__tie'" Bosnian Issue, ;lt was
Von Klderlen Waechter, still acting as
foreign-secretary at Berlin who held
the reins of German diplomacy arid
directed the - policy which coerced
Russia into sullen recognition of the
Bosnian annexation under, penalty of
war. »- Count Aehrenthal and Prince
Buelow' reaped the public laurels of
that':, ominous „ triumph    of    German
, No farmer can . make... the broad
statement that one;crop pays better
than * another/ The - amount of. the
return depends,largely.upon the character of the land-on which the crop
is grown. . One kind of land • brings
the ■ greatest return from a certain
crop; another piece of land of different quality would ,perhaps .yield, a
very small return if sowed'to the
same crop. Finding out the'particular class of crops the land is best
, suited to growing is therefore a very
important matter for the wide-awake
farmer. - '       ,*.**.	
A splendid example of what can be
gained by the intelligent; adaptation
of crops to soil conditions Is*to be
found in the county of Norfolk, Ont.
In certain parts of that country there
are" considerable areas of sandy land
that cannot, hope to compete, with
heavier, richer" soils in tlie. growing
of wheat and other staple grains.
Thus, farmers who attempted to grow
these crops .found that their profits
were not as satisfactory as might
have been desired.' Some years ago,
however, a few men noted that the
soil and climate of the county were
well suited to growing, fruit, especially apples. The Norfolk Fruit
Growers' association was formed and
forthwith started on a reputation
making > campaign. All members
agreed to care, for and spray their
orchards as stipulated by the rules
of the association. Incidentally, too,
aH fruit was to be marketed through
the central agency. The,results have
been little short of phenomenal. The
orchard acreage has been largely-. Increased, Norfolk apples are now held
as a second to none in the markets ef
the world and the profits have been
most gratifying. As a consequence
land values, in the last six years,
have,doubled. , . .   ,
And this has. been accomplished
mainly by selecting the crop best
adapted to the soil. The work that
the commission of conservation has
undertaken, of classifying lands according to the character of the soil
to determine what. crops * can most
profitably be grown, is therefore a
.task of no small importance. If the
commission points out the crops that
pay the best .on different soils, both
the farmer and the nation "will be
the richer for it.
THE   COnPORATIOJf   OF   THE   CITY
OF   FERNIE.
BY-LAW NO. 103.
diplomacy. ,' But _ when its inner history, is written,.'.to t Von Klderlen
Waechter • will* ^.be given, the real
credit'    • .   '-     * *"     ■'"'      -,   '■"
^DIMINUTION OF MINE.. ATALITJES
CRUMLIN RESCUE STATION.
The Crumlin rescue station, which
is intended to serve Monmouthshire,
was opened on the 9th inst In performing the ceremony Mr. -.J. 'H.
Deakin observed that the collieries
associated with the present scheme
had an output- of ten-and-one-thlrd
million tons annually, and the'cost .of
the establishment would be borne by
the colliery owners pro rata to their
output. Mine-owners and the mining
population 1 had  not  much  to   thank
t   At tho last meeting of the North
_ Staffs Mining Institute, an interesting
paper) prepared by Messrs. W. Charl-
' ton and F. H. Wynne, giving1 a summary of the report of tho committee
appointed by the Royal Commission
of1 Mines to inquire Into the causes
and  means * of  preventing  accidents
.from falls    of    ground, underground
haulage, and In shafts was read.   In
tho course of the summary lt was
pointed out that tho report suggested
that tho greatest,   hope   of   further
aimlnution of mlno fatalities lies In
the direction of more officlent sup-
port of the roof nnd sides and in improved'mothods of working,   It was,
however, realized that accidents from
this source must, ln spite of precautions, always contrlbuto to tho,total
death  roll  to  n largor oxtont than
any othor cause.    It was suggested
that tho greatest danger from fnUs
of roof doos  not noaessnrlly  oxlst
whoro tho roof is worst In tho common nccoptanco.of tho term—namely,
tho shorter and    moro    brokon tho
stono tho moro llablo* to fall, although
minor accidents may bo moro fro-
quont,   for   undor   theso   conditions
grontor enro nnd elosor tlmboring Is
cnllod for, nnd. when falls do occur
thoy nro not; of tho samo mngnttudo
ns In tho enso of a stronger roof, A
tnblo wns given showing tho donth
rntos from fnlls por 1,000 persons omployod during tho porlod of 100M007
In tho 12 inspection districts,   Tho
avorngo for. tho United Kingdom was
0.70, whilo for tho Stafford district
tho average wns 0,00.   Dealing with
tlio supporting of roof rind sides In
tlio enso of* thin sonma, or sonms of
modlum   thlcknosB,   when   flat   or
moderately Incllnod,   tho   commlttoo
suggostod that thoro woro somo cason
ln   which 'mining   onglnoorB might
sorloualy consider tho advlBnblllty of
nrtoptlni. rolnforcod concroto.   It waB
also notleod that tho uso of notched
and grooved timbors Ir much moro
gonornl In South Wales   nnd   somo
parts of > Scotland .than In tlm othor
district sof tho Unitod Kingdom,  Tho
commlttoo thlnkB   that   whoro difficulty nrlsos In supporting rondwnyo,
owing to sldo pressure, thnt suoh tlmboring Is most efficient, nnd thnt It
might, with ndvnntago, bo moro gon-
ornlly nppllnrt
extended, scope is possible ' In rescue
work by the apparatus. The principle
of the .life saver Is that of purifying
the breath of the wearer, while the
oxygen absorbed'liy the.body Is replaced by a regular supply carried in
the apparatus, -which weighs very
littlo over 30 pounds. The helmet
only covers the front of the face and
top ofthe head,, and Is adjustable to
any slze^by a pneumatic rim. The
oars are thus left free to detect any
noise caused by a fair of roof or the
such like, when the wearer Is down
the mine. This and other appliances
on the same plan, have proved of
great sorvlco ln roscue work after
Borne of tho,recent disasters. Aftor
his smoke bath, whloh would havo
overcome any unprotected person ln
a couplo of minutes, Mr. Whltetleld,
whoso first practical oxperlenco It
waB of tho appliance camo out as
fresh as whon ho wont in.—Sctenco
and Art of Mining.,
ESTABLISH  MINING
"   " •       , TOWN ON  I8LAND
Canada Collieries Company to Get Additional Labor Supply Through the
> Medium of Imperial Federation
League,
governments for in the. way of rendering them any financial help, and
colliery owners had -to put down
£10,000 to fit up an experimental
gallery, from which, very valuable Information had been brought to light
which would be of service In' the
future in the prevention of minimizing of colliery explosions. The'
committee of this scheme was indebted to the Llanover7 estate trustees, who, through; the good offices
of Mr. Iestyri William, gave them a
lease of the necessary land at a reduced rate. But while it was right
that stations of this kind should be
erected, Mr. Deakin warned the community, against expecting too much
from thom. A responsibility would
He.upon the chiefs at this and similar
stations and at tho, collieries to see
that nono but trained mon should do
the work, or lt wns moro than probable the death roll would bo added to
rather than lessened. Mr. W. Brace,
M. P., who also spoko, said lt was
Imperative that the working of tho
scheme should not, be in tho hands of
careless or Ignorant men. Dr. Atkinson, his Majesty's lnspoctor for South
Wales, oxprossod tho view that rescue
Btations would bo moro useful In, case
of fires in mlnos than In explosions;
whilo Mr. Ithol Trohnrno Reos
thought tho provision of all safety
stations nnd appliances should bo n
nntlonnl chnrgo.
A. now mining town to bo known
ns Wodnosbury will shortly spring up
In tho Comox district of Vancouvor
Island. Tho town will bo built up in
connoctlon with tho dovolopmont work
which tho Canadian Colllorlos compnny is about to carry out, Tho company which recently took ovor tho
holdings of tha Hon. James Dunsmuir
Ib oporatlng diamond drills In a number of placos with a vlow to locating
tho boBt points for sinking now pits
which will load to tho output of tho
colllorlos being largely Incronsbd.  .
With tho growth of tlio operations
of tho Island Colliory plant a largo
numbor of additional expert conl
miners will ho needed, and to pro-
euro those tho management has
ontorod Into nogotlntlons with tho Imperial Fodorntlon loaguo, of whloh Mr.
(Irnlmm Forester of this city Ir tbe
British Columbia commissioner, Tha
longuo will bring out a numbor of
minors from tho old country Who will
U3E8 OF 8AWDU3T,
IN  THE  SMOKE.
*»Yt*n-nnln*rt nf tlw -mlrc-rol nr-***-*! of i\\ti
Sawdust is usually regarded as an
objectionable product .bocauso It In:
croasos-tho dangor,of flro If deposited
noar mills or lumbor pllos and necessitates cither cartage with accompanying expense or tho construction
of a "burner" nnd tho use of conveyors or cnrtB to transfer It from
tho saws.
A double economy, howovor, Is now
In progross, Ah n rosult of tlto uso
of band saws Instead of tho old circular saws, a log that, undor tho
old system produced olght boards,
will now'produco nlno, a vory sub-
stnntlnl lncroaao in product with a
corresponding docronso ln tho amount
of sawdust produced,
Owing to Its ch-omlcnl nnd mechanical properties, It has nn ovor Increasing flold of usefulness. Used
na an absorbent for nltro-mlycorlno, It
produces dynamite. Used with clay
and burned, It produces a torn-colt a
brick full of small cavities that,
owing lo its lightness and He properties aa a 'non-conductor, mako*-* ox-
A by-law to ..raise' Four Thousand
Five. Hundred Dollars' ($4,500.00) for
the purpose "of installing a fire alarm
system within the limits of the City
of Fernie.   ''    ."•    ''". ,;'• ■ ' *
"Whereas a petition,' has been presented to the municipal council'of the
Corporation of the City of Fernie,
signed by the,-owners of at least one-
tenth df the" value * of the real property within the City of Fernie as shown
by' the ,last revised - Assessment Roll
requesting them to install a Fire Alarm
System within the limits of the City
of Fernie.,- * v ->, '-' ....
-.And* whereas, for -the construction
and installation of a Fire Alarm system" within the limits of the City of
Fernie, it will be necessary, to borrow
the sum of'Four. Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($4,500.00) and to issue
debentures'of-the City of * Fernie for
the purpose of. raising, the said sum.
And.whereas 'the amount of, the
wholo rateable-, land and' improvements, or real ^property, of ,the said
City pf Fernie, .according to the last
revised assessment roll, Is Two Millions and Sixty-Sis Thousand, Three
Hundred and Nlnety-Flvo Dollars
($2,066,395.00).*
And whereas it will be requisite to
raise annually by rate the sum of Six
Hundred and Seventeen Dollars and
Fifty-Four Cents ($617,54) for paying
the said debt and'interest.
And whereas this by-law shall not
be altered or repealed except with the
consent of the Lleutenant-Governor-
In-Councll.
* Now therefore the Municipal Council of the Corporation of the City of
Fernie enact as follows:
1.—It shall and may- be lawful for
the Mayor of tho Corporation of the
City 'of Fernie to borrow upon the
credit of tho said.Corporation by way
of debentures hereinafter mentioned
from any. person, .persons, °body or
bodies-corporate who may bo willing
to advance the same as a loan, a sum
not exceeding the whole sum of Four
Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($4,-
500.00) and to cause all such sums,so
raised or received to be paid Into the
hands of, the Treasurer of' the s-nld
Corporation for the purpose and with
the object* herein''before recited."
2.—It shall be lawful for the Mayor
to cause any number of debentures
to be made, executed or issued, each
for the sum of Five Hundred Dollars
($500.00) as may-'.be required for the
purposes and object aforesaid,' not exceeding, however, the sum of Four
Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($4,-
500.00)' and all such debentures, shall
be. sealed .-with tho Seal of the Corporation' and signed by .the Mayor
thereof.        .       -     - ."' *
. '3.—The said debentures shall bear
date from the. Twenty-Fifth day of
August, A. D. 1S10, and shall be made
payable in ten- (10) years from . the
said date in lawful money of Canada
at the,.office" of the Home Bank of
Canada' in* Fernie aforesaid which said
place of. payment shall be designated
by*the said debentures, and shall have
attached to them, coupons for the payment * of - Interest- and ,the * signatures
"t<r"th"e"~int"eTe"st_c"o"upons~inay~be~either-
written',; stamped, 1 printed *' or lithographed. *. ; -
.4.—The said debentures shall bear
Interest at the rate of Five (5) per
cent from the date thereof, which
Interest shall be payable annually at
the said office of the Homo Bank of
Canada In'Fernie, aforesaid,, In lawful
money of Canada, on tho twenty-fifth
day - of AuguRt, „ respectively, In each
year during tho currency of tho said
debentures and it shall be ■ expressed
in said debentures and' coupons to bo
so payable.
5.—It shall be lawful for tho Mayor
of tho said corporation to negotiate
and sell the said debentures, or any
of, them, at less than par, but in no
case shall tho said debentures or nny
bf them bo negotiated or sold for less
than ninety-five per, centum' of their
valuo Including the cost of negotiating
tliolr.-sale, brokerago and all other
.Incidental expenses.
" fl,_Thoro shall bo raised nnd levied
In each year during tho currency of
said debentures tho sum of Two Hundred and Twenty-flvo Dollara ($225.00)
for paymont of Intorost, and tlie sum
of Throo Hundred and Nlnoty-two
Dollars and Fifty-four Cents ($302.54)
for paymont of said dobonturos by1 rate
sufficient therefor on all rateable land
or Improvements or real property In
the snld municipality,
7.—It shall be lawful for tbo said
Municipal Council to ro-purchnso any
of tlio snld debentures on such terms
as may bo, agreed upon with tho legal
holders thereof, either at tho tlmo of
sale or any BiibHoqiiont tlmo or tlmos,
nnd all debentures so re-purohni-ed
shall forthwith bo cancelled and destroyed, and no ro-lssuo of tho dobonturos ho ro-purchasod shall bo
mado In conBoauonoo "'of suoh ro-pur-
chase.^
This by-law shall take effect on tho
twonty.flfth day of August A. D„ 1010.
This  by-law  may  bo  cited  for  all
purpoHos as  tho City of  Fornio  Flro
Alarm Dy-I.nw, 1010.
Dono   and   pasHud   In   opon   council
on   tho- Twonty-IilRhth   dny   of   July
A, D.. 1010,
Ilocolvod  tho  nHNf-nt  of  tho  pooplo
this dny of  A. Tt,
1010,
.lo-com-ldr-rod niul finally prmaml nnd
adopton* this  dny of	
,,  Mayor
  City Clork
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Flciwers
House" "and     Office
Plants, Funeral Flow-
jt.ers,   Wedding    Bou-
| quets.
_ ■■__H__H_B_HH_DI
TERRILL FLORAL CO
.
•t
- (        *   '  Long; Distance Phone 577
.{ LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA
]j-Your ordors will rcecivo prompt   at-
. <' tention and you will bo pleased with
■ *  what wo send you.
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I The Creston Fruit and
i Produce Association
Strawberries
Retailers please Not. that orders for. the famous Creston
Strawberries now iti
Season
A. Lindley, Box 27  Creston
rust Arrived
Our Fall and Winter Samples of
Made to Measure Clothing
.The finest collection of high-grade Scotch Tweeds, Cheviots, Wor-
'■^■steds and Serges shown ir_i Canada. * 'y       ■
■    To show our faith "in these goods we make the following liberal
offer:    Any garment made from   Worsteds,   Serges,   or   Cheviots
which do not give entire satisfaction- in wearing or cloro Qualities
will be replaced FREE. „ • " ,
Headquarters for the best in Groceries ,
and Prompt Service
A. A. McBEAN
The Cash Merchant Opp. Post Office
7* 7
'"{ *
-supply tho noodn whloh nn enlnrRod
scope of mlnorol lnbor domBndB. TheIcolioiit fIroprool! mnterlai for parti
ILULL     WULItt.        i.»(.«U,._,    it     II. U,    «Ui>Cj
Donning tho Draegor imoko helmet,
anil with tho noco»»ary appliances
Rtrapppo" to his walat, Mr. William
a ciiambor tit tho Brlciowoll stroot
polico station In which tho niombors
of tho flro brlgndo had contrived to
to creato as thloU.and poisonous an
atmosphoro as posslblo, BurnlnR* tar,
sulphur, nnd straw woro usod, but
fivon thnlr joint; efforts toll-****! to pro-
duco a smoko of the density often
■nneonntor-ftd by those who ro down
mines nftcr eiploslons. On lhe other
hand, It does not follow that the
thicker the atmosphere the greater
dan»or to life. Tho object In flow
-was to show to an ssserablsRo of
ambulance officials and non-miners,
nnd ffro brlg*dr, ni*»mh#r«, what, an
Canadian Collieries company will load
to tho establishment of a now mining
towiiBlto which will bo callod Wodnosbury at (he request of Mr, Norton
Griffiths, tho' English member of
parliament for tho town of that namo
I.,   ,v»   *t.t    -».,_»_,.       it.    n,.ttn,u,.   i.
...      ,.,» .       v. *      VV1.,,., J, .,,.,     *u, ,.,.«..<« «**•>      ,-.
vlco president of tho Imperial Federation Lcbruo and Is now on his way
to Vancouver Island to mako nrrango-
mon to for bringing In mlnon who will
bo omployed by tho Canada Collieries
company, which aro controlled by Mr.
William Mnrk(«n«ffl, pr-**-nl**l-»nt of t!i«
Canadian Northern railroad, and a
syndicate of nrlllsh capitalists.
The editor wrote "Ncerologle" but
tho headline man spaced it "Negro
logic" and when the proofreader
called his attention to the error said,
in either case ll was black and per-
feotly appropriate to mo'trnfng.
rannttc nlkftU ■produeen romlle. ncld.
Trnntlng lt with aulphurlo add and
formontlng tha sugar so formed, produces alcohol, Mixed wllh a sul*.-
ablo blmlor and compressed, it can
bo usod for making mouldings and
IH'HhUOn  CftHil-f-*D*,   'WUXlta,    u    IfiUtiA
with Portland cemont, It produces a
flooring material, It Is an excellent
packing material'for fragile articles
and for dangerous explosives and can
be used as packing In walls to mako
them sound-proof and cold-proof.
Notice,
Tnko notico that tho above In a
truo copy of tlio proposad Jly-Uiw
upon which thn voto of ths Munlol-
pallty will bo Ukcn nt (lie City nf
Fornio, on Monday, tho . Iftonnth day
of AuffUit, A. i\, 1010, Ixttwcon the
hours of 10 o'clock In tho mornliiK and
8 In tho ftvonlnff nt tlio ('My Hull.
o. ir. houi.ton,
City Cl-irk.
August <-!t.    .
NOTICE
THK
COIII'OHATin!f   OK   TUB   CITY
OV ■.1SHNIK-
TENDERS   WANTED.
Tenders for taking charge of the
undertaking work of Michel Local
Union. Tenders lo be rent In not
later than tbe 30th of August, 1910,
(o Maurice Dun-ell, Bearotary, Michel,
n. C.
It*.-LAV,    NU.    -,->*.
A by-law lo r»l»e Twenty-8-mn
Thouinnd Dollara (127,000) for tho pur-
po-io of conBtruetlnpr. operating and
mslntftlnlnK * Banltary Newer in that
portion of the City of Fernie eaal of
the Crow's Neat Southern Ilatlway not
alrrady kupplted. will, newer factlUloi,
Whereas a petition has been pre-
**ntrrt to th* mtlnlrlpnl rtiunrtl nt the
Corporation of the CHy of Fernie,
signed by the owners of at leaat one-
tenth of the value of the real property within the City or Fernie ae shown
by the last revteed Aeaetament Holl re-
aueatlna* them to Introduce each a
by-law.
Aft*! whestM tu the ouipoeee ttore*
.said, It .will bo necessary io borrow
the sum of Twenty-sovcn Thousand
Dollars ($27,000.00) and to Issue debentures of the City of Pernio for tho
purpose bf raising tbe said sum.
And whereas the* amount of. the
whole rateable land and Improvements,
or real property, of the said City of
Fernie, according to the last revised
assessment roll, is Two Millions and
S:xty-t,lx. Thousand, Three Hundred
and Ninety-five Dollars ($2,0,66,395.00).
And whereas lt will be requisite to
raise annually by rate the sum of Ono
Thousand Nine Hundred and Seventeen
Dollars and Fifty-two Cents ($1,917.62)
for paylng--the said debt and Interest.
And whereas this by-law shall not
be altered or repealed except,with the
consent of the Lleutenant-Governor-
in-CounclI. *
Now therefore the Municipal Council of the Corporation of. the' City of
Fernie enacts*.as  follows:•>
1.—It shall-and' may be lawful" for
the" Mayor. of 'the Corporation of the
City." of Fernie. to borrow upon the
credit of the said Corporation by way
of'debentures hereinafter mentioned
.from any person,,. persons, > body or
bodies corporate wlio* may be willing
to advance the-same as. a loan, a sum
not exceeding the whole sum of
Twenty-seven Thousand Dollars * ($27,-
000.00) and tb cause all such sums so
raised or received to .be paid Into the
-hands'-^of^the^Treasurer—of—the said-
Corporation for the purpose and with
the  object, herein, before  recited. " *
2.—It shall be lawful for the Mayor
to causo any number of debentures to
be made, executed or issued, each for
the sum* of Flvo Hundred Dollars
($500.00) as may be required for the
purposo and object aforesaid; not .exceeding, however, the sum of Twenty-
seven Thousand [ Dollars . ($27,000.00)
and all such debentures shall be scaled
with the Seal of the Corporation and
signed by the Mayor thereof,
3.—The said debentures shall hear
dale from tho Twenty-fifth day of
August, 1910, and shall bo made payable ln thirty (30) years from tho said
date""ln lawful money of Canada at,tho
office of tho Homo Banlc of Canada
in Fernio aforesaid, which said placo
of payment shall bo designated by the
said debentures and shall lmvo attached to them coupons for tho payment of Interest and tho signatures to
tho Interest coupons may bo either
written, stamped, printed or lithographed.
4.—Tho said debentures shall bear
Interest nt tho rato of Flvo (5) por
cont from tho dato thereof, which interest shall ho payablo annually at tho
said office' of tlio Homo Hani: of
Canada ln Fernio, aforwnld, ln lawful
monoy of Cnnndn, on tho twenty-fifth
dny of. August, respectively, In each
year during tho currpney of the Bald
debentures and lt shall ho expressed
in snld debentures and criupons to- ho
so payablo,
G,—It shall bo lawful for tho Mayor
of tho said corporation lo negotiate
and hoM tho said debentures, or any of
thom, at loss than par, but In no cohh
shall tho aald dobontures or nny of
thom bo negotiated or sold for loss
than nlnoty-five por centum of their
valuo Including tho cont of their Balo,
brokerago and all othor Incidental expense-*-,
0,--Tlicre nhall bo rained and levied
In each yenr during tho currency of
said dobentures tlio sum of One Thou-
Hand Three Humlrad and Fifty Dol-
lars ($1,3fi0,00) for payment of Intorext
nnd tha sum of Five Hundred and
Hlxty-Hevnn Dollarn nnd Fifty-two
ContH ,($607,1)2) for payment of Nnld dc-
bentureH hy rato sufficient therefor on
nil rateahln Innd or Improvement**- or
renl property In tho aald municipality,
7,—It Hhall ha lawful for tho Hnld
Municipal Cnunoll to rn-piirohriHO nny
of tbo Nnld debentures on such torm»
an may be agreed upon with tho leKft-l
hoMerH tlierrnf, either nt thn time of
-mir. or nny aubsoquent tlmo or timed,
and nil debenture** no ro-purchnN«d
Hhall forthwith tm oanrfllfd and d«-
Nlroyed, and no re-lsNiio of tbo debentures so rc-pureliAHeri shall he
made In nonauquenen of sueh re-pur-
rhnse.
Thin   lly-l-nw  shnll   Inlet*"  effect  on
the Twenty-fifth day of August A, I).,
1010.
This  by-law  may be  cited   for all
tnrv  H-'witr Hv-I.*w  l(tto,"
Dono nnd passed tn open council on
the Twenty-eighth day of July A. I).,
1»1 . '
Iterelved  tbo  assent   of  the  people
thlH ...,dny of .A. D.
UIO.
)u>-''orii*'in>r<<d nnd Dniuiy inmn'rt uno*
adopted this day of,, .,
A. D. 1»10.
 Mayor,
 City  Clerk.
The Cream Of The Season
__■____ i."*"""'^""". """i^™- ■«^»—™«^»» «««i««™^^"i^Mi»»
We have heard customers say, dozens of times,
"one reason why I like Fit-Reform so much is
because the Styles _re so different."
Do you know wh> r1
Fit-Reform creates. The greatest designer of
gentlemen's garments in Canada devotes all his
time to originating new things for Fit-Reform
patrons.
Fit-Reform styles illustrate not
only what is absolutely correct
now—ibut also what will be
fashionable months hence.      7
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie
EPIDEMIC OP CHOLERA.
Mode*,
Take notico that the above Is a true
•copy of the propound by-law upun
which the vote of the Municipality will
he t-«V<»n nt the City of J->rpl», tin
Monday, the Flfteentb dny of AugUKt,
A. P. 1110, between tha hours of 10
o'clock tn Ihe mornine and t tn the
evening; at tha City Hnll,
O. H. HOUI.TON,
Cttf Cterk-
t'ernle, !•**. C, July Jlth, 111-),
August 4-11.
Coal   Mining   District   In   Southern
Ruiala Ravaged by the Disease,
Panic Among Minera.
st. jM-yncKHiniun. auk. m.—tiio
•.rmornl orKnnlzntlon of mlno nwnoiH
In Routh RtiHula hnvo npoutiil to tho
Rovoriiinnnl to ndopt Hporlnl moiiu-
iirnfl to cotnbnt tho opldomlc of
cliolortt which Ih rnglnp; with .-Hpoi'lnl
vlruloncu in tho grout <-<oul mining
dlHtrlcl. Apprnxlinntnly 2,000 onHL-n,
with tt mortality of l>0 por cont, nro
ruiglKtorcd in thn linkhmtu nnd fllnv-
ynnoKbHk illNtrlnto of thlH r--*,'lon, nnd
thn HroiirKO hnH cnusod n pnnlo huioiik
tho mlnorn nml n wholoBitlo <*xo.lii«
from tho mlnoH, l,ntost roportu to
lho Government Hnnlinry CommlHHlon
h/tov-ncd ihi.i. thu uii.-.'il.O ujUUlik-ii
through 42 piovlutcti (it Ktitout.nn
IliiHRln. with 37.652 en-urn nnd 10. :,i
float lm credited to thin yenr'n t*r,l-
domic.
Somo of tho Albertn nowMpitpt-rH
nro mnklng frnntlc efforta to -show
thnt conditions uru not no vury bml
In tlio southern end of thn provfnro,
nnd yot cottlorn from this unction pro
practically unnnlmmm In atntlnK tho
f-uiur.. of (lops U Mil ilut the -.ir.Ul
will ho practically, nil. Why try to
ronccal tlu*. factsT flute the truth an
baldly ua Is Dm appear/nit e of uomo
of tho prnlrlo field* and then reliance
ran bo platod upon thc pr«-»». If to
toll tho troth Is to "knock." thon
"knock"   «narK«ttcally   remembering
| thla that "chickens will come horn-***-
I to tfbokl" eooner or IfcUr.
Strike-breakers
from over border
SAHS'IA, Ont,, Auk. in.-Thlrtcon
HtrlkobroukoiH who ontorod Canada
und wort.1 iutchIoiI nnd put ln jnll up-
pci'icd beforo miiKlHtrnle Cormnn
AuitiiHt Mil mul nil plondod Kiillty to
tho <*hiir*.-* of kIvIiir fnlH.' Information and woro r-"mnml'-d fur Hontcncc.
It would nppoar that tlmy Imd been
■■•'Uiuro-I in till tho way from Min-
iii-npnllH nnd KniiHitH City to Tort
Huron. Somo ono ri'iireticntud to
llicin that llm Htrlku wuh ovor umi
thoy claim that thoy wero deceived.
Thoy  wore  Htippliud  with  tlio iiuces-
      , iifi   .I ,    i ,.<  i . , i
.....   ....... .   ,   <*■
jv.iy lt liinl. -if'rr nitiplid. Into finiiiilii
DISSrtUTION   OF   PAHTNERSHIP.
<■ 	
..otlci* Im l'..rt'l-> glicii thnt tho
vanii.-t*,rini ncii-uilorf cvimhik bw
Invouji ui, thu undetHiKned nu timber
denleiH and c-otilrnrtor» at Morrlancy
Junction, It. C, hnH thin day beon
diRHolved by mutual content. All
dobtH owing to tho nnld partnernhtp
aro to bo pnld to Thomas taftfeo at
Morn».*,-->- .luitctiori *\C.>fc»alil, and all
claims against the said partnership
nre to ho. presented (u thc said
Thomas I^Kfrei by whom thn samo
will bo settled.
Dated at F-c-rni. H. C this 8th
day of August, 1910.
TIIOMAH LKOUK.
ai.kx CAMrnei.r*
WiiDftM;    \*. V. K4-,k»*l«tla. "*•**•
PI
..?.."'  .7-  7..
PAGE FOUR
■THE   DISTRICT- LEDGER,.' FERNIE, *> C, AUGUST 13, 1910.
Published every Saturday morning at its office, Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00 per year in
advancer An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation in the District. Advertising "rates on application. -• Up-to-date facilities for the execution of all
kinds of book, job and color work. Mail orders receive
special attention. Address all communications to The
District Ledger.
,   J.AV. BENNETT,, Editor"
TELEPHONE NO. 48 ' POST OFFICE BOX NO; 5
FERNIE-CAMPBELLTON.
, When, a littlo ovor two years ago, the devastation
which' In throe brief hours had practically wiped out
i-yerything movable and immovable from one end of the
town to tho other, the spontaneity and rapidity with
which the needs of the community were rushed in
railed forth many expressions-of gratitude from tho
sufferers to their unknown benefactors.
Tho ready and bountiful responses that came from
all parts of the continent, ignoring all provincial and
international boundaries, gave a practical and beautiful
illustration that "One touch of sympathy makes'- the
whole world akin."
With the vision of" their experiences still vivid in'the
.memories of" those who passed through so* trying an
ordeal, a splendid, opportunity-,is afforded of proving
thnt (lie gratitude felt, was not merely of .the lips but
'earnest and sincere, by contributing 1o._the relief of
those unfortunates in Campbellton, N. B., so recently the
victims of a like misfortune as that which overtook
the, residents,of this city on*tho ever eventful first of
August. We know that it. is -impossible to make repayment to those'that camo forward to relieve tis in our
hour of distress and even though the gifts -••ere made
absolutely ^without any condition, yet no better'evidence
of appreciation could be vouchsafed than ministering to
thoso that, are sorely stricken in tho city at the other
extremity of this1 wide domain. *   ,  . .
Their pitiable-plight should and has awakened a responsive chord, in generous hearts then it is beholden-
to us particularly to, do our share,'therefore we would
ask that the mayor open a fund, for the purpose, oui-
lined in order'all may subscribe thereto.
that there are very many-of British birth holding of-
tidal position in the international organizations with
headquarters in the U. S. A.
Among others may be mentioned Samuel Gompers,
the head- aud front of the American Federation of
Labor made his entry on life's stage in the capital of
Great Britain; Thomas Lewis, grand president of the
"u. M.,W A. is"a Welshman, and A., B. Lowe, chief ex-,
ecutlve of the International Brotherhood of. the maintenance of waymen on the United States and Canadian
railroads is a born Canuk.
It is the duty of the rank and file that they owe to
themselves • to investigate the motives of those individuals that advocate a cleavage because of geographical
lines or proclaim the advantages of autonomy in "preference to thc adoption,of wider scoped methods of organization—in short—accept no statement, not even the
contents of this article, until satisfied by the closest
scrutiny and the most exhaustive investigation that
words are corroborated * by incontrovertible facts and
are not the product of a prejudiced mind
GO SOUTH, NOT TO CANADA.
WANT TO BREAK AWAY FROM AMERICAN UNIONS.
Congressman Joseph 13. Rnnsdcil of Louisiana parti-
phrases Horace Greeley's ' famous advice "Go west,
young man and grow up with ''iho country" by -suggesting that they "Go South,'3 advancing this as a remedy
for the exodus of so many American citizens into
British possessions aud the rapid congestion 'of the
cities caused by the growing unpopularity bf life on the
J'arm and by the large influx of foreigners, many of
whom settle in tho cities. "    •-.
Ills observation relative,to agricultural life being distasteful to many has a modicum, of truth in it, but that
it.is not the pre-dominnnt reason is conclusively shown
a •'■ . i -    *
from the fact that a very large percentage of the immigrants from * tho .other '■ side, settling . upon home--
"-steads' in this country simply on account of the difference in the price per acre to what obtains in the country from which they came.
lie furthermore states that the South would gladly
furnish homes to every one of .heir citizens who have
gone to Canada or contemplate such a' move and would
welcome all the boys and girls „who have left or expect
to leave the hardships of northern farms to seek unfamiliar work iu congested cities. ' Moreover, he goes on
to say that they are really anxious to receive all good
immigrants of tlio Teutonic, Scandinavian, British and
Freud)  races. , ,
There is not the slightest doubt that there is room
for thousands of boys and girls in tlie southern states
to be. used as provender in'the different.mills and factories, where the, most horrible and revolting condition-,
of child-labor'prevail and has prevailed i'or years ihat
OTTAWA, Aug. o.—Thc Free Press tonight snys tha1
Canadian  labor men aro'bound,   lo    break away from
Amerlcnn Labor Unions was plainly shown at last night's
meeting of tlio .Vatloiml-Tradps and Labor, Council. This
organization heartily resented efforts of the American
Federation of Labor to have all trades councils1 in Canada to lake out charters from'thom instead of the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress. Several of the delegates present at last night's meeting expressed the
opinion that. It was time to break away from American
unions which tliey claimed woro ready to take, all tho
funds of Canadian organizations and after getting them
under control uso them for lho bonefil of tlieir own wol-
tarn, Thoy cited the settlement in the Grand Trunk
strike as nn instance whoro American officials had
agreed to unsatisfactory terms in order to, have the
hirlko. settled so as not to lmvo mon out of work drawing
on the funds of lho union.
The abovo extract Is n sure indication to anyone who
probes bo non tli the surfaco of things thai. It wns actuated by that human propensity found In every climo
under tho sun, but with this contradistinction thnt It Is
not bounded by nny soclionnl national nor racial linos*---
town—SeUlHhiic-Hs.
Crnfl Inst tuitions llm I tod to. Canada nnd oporntotl
within Itfl territory would mean more Grand Presidents,
Grand Vice President, ct al, with tliolr concomitanth of
moro offlco holding salaried jobs. Tho tendency to perpetuate this unocrmoinlciil stato of nffalrs Is not 11 ml toil
to f'nniidfi, but Is prnvnlont throughout tlm Unlfr.1
Sitit'.'H, whom thoro Is constant friction between the
fnclioiiH Hiipportlng the autonomous method and those
who advocate llm moro collect Ivo form of bavin*.'; all
workers In jut Industry members of ono organization,
logically contending thnt "by tho Inttor plan strciiRUi
it-, Int-rciiNMl whll.i tlm font nf tip-keep Ih ilccr**nf*f'd.
Tlio-.* dolef-'iitt'S urging tlmt It was tlmn to brenk nwny
lio-'niiHc nil the funds of f'nnnda In orgnnlzntlniiH worn
iiKi-il by Dw. American unions for their own benefit uro! ,hn  H,n,(,H    ln    wl,,('1*    t,"'H0    ■»J"'"-I«,<*  woro  bolng
nT-Tairy~rc~\vas~dOTTlecr"to-Take steps fo stoi~it-so"
there is now an association in Washington, D. C, -frhoso
purpose-of existence is reputed to be the stamping oat
of this evil;
Years ago Irene Ashby Macfndden made a trip
through the south, and when she described what she
found and published (lie same through the columns of
"The American Federationist" many thought that she
was writing exaggeralively for the delectation of
unionists and with a "view to contradicting thc suit*--,
ments tho "Cincinnati Enauirer" sent a special representative with instructions to report the facts exactly,,
but instead of controverting Mrs. Macfadden ho not only
substantiated nil that, her wrlto-'tip contained, but evon
, accentuated it by tho addition of details that lie had
gathered which tho lady was not nblo to procuro
Slnco this tlmo thoro havo been somo modifications,
but thoy aro by no means appreciable, and, although
somo slates havo placed laws on statute books purporting to rogulnto this* crlmo of Infnntllo butchery, thoy
are absolutely valueless BECAUSE T1IEHE IS, NO
PENALTY  PHI-.SCIUDED  FOR INFRACTION.
Ask the boys who aro slaving thoir young lives
away around the coal mlnos of Tennessee, the iron mines
of Alnbiimn ami tho boys and girls of lender years working ten nnd twolvo hours a day in tho dusty nnd llnt'y
ntmoRphoi'o of tho cotton factories. Many of theso lmvo
racking coughs which bosponk an onrly gravo, or n per-
mnnontly dobilltntod constitution If they do not oscnpo
soon. Look nt tho littlo linnds nnd nolo how mnny thoro
are minus flngoi-H.—Yes tho south nonds boys nnd girls
lo bo ground Into profit for Iho cotton lords.
In tho rncoH doslrod no mention Is mndo ot olther
Itiillnns or Austrlnns and somo may wonder nt It, but
ill" renson is thin, that tho peoplo of those two races
hnvo nlrondy had oxporlnnccH thnt, thoso alluded lo uro
Ignorant of. Tlio system of peonage wns practiced upon
n niinibr-r nf thoso foreigners and when thnlr homo gov-
I'l'imiPiitH Inlnrvountl on their holmlf tho United SliifHH
ii'd'u'iil iiiiilinrltl-'H mndo r.-uuoHlH upon lho ofl'lclnls of
Opportunities
for the Thrifty
Housewife
For Your
^nd'Eggs
write to
i ■
3
Large Size Victor Cream, regular 25c;
special    , 15c
Regular   size, Pussil's   Milk,   regular
,   20c; special, 2-for  ■ 25c
Ivory  Bar Laundry  Soap,  regular  6
" for, 2i5c;  special, S for , 25c
C, & B. Sandwich Paste, regular 25c;
■• special    20c
FOUR, SPECIALS, AND ALL
-GOOD  ONES.
Fresh Peaches, Pears','' Grapes,
Plums and Crab Apples in quantites.
Buy NOW "as they are scarce and
from US as we have the best. '
EES3*-Eij-**^^
**t^'-g*****'5^?ffS^^ ,   *  •
___g*__B*_ilttW!*_*h___H*_a_g
A. URQUH ART & CO., Ltd.
Lacombe, Alta.
j  THE     HAYiNQ    SEASON    IS     NEAR    j
I
g Our stock of haying tools is complete.   Forks, Hand Rakes, §
A Scythes -md. Snaths, Grind Stones' WJictSt'oncs, Wrenches," .,
| Machine Oil and Oilers, Decring Mowers nml Horse Rakes.
. Mail or phono orders receive careful attention.
J. M. AGNEW & Co.
ELKO,   B. C.   {
•■
eea9*aawmei&e_t)4Die__\fSt*)^_$*20ifct
You are now. going through this world for the last .time:
Why Not
live o nthe best and,nothing*■ but the'best, and go, to      *
The 41  Market Co.
for your requirement's in Meats,.Fresh'Killed and Government Iu-
specled; Fish; Butter,"Eggs,0Ham, Bacon; Etc,   '     '.
/       S. Graham1, Local Manager, I
6
9
__ij-»M,'a*T,ii)',ri iaassr
IF   YOU
'a Shave, a" Game of Pool or 'Billiards
,;»£_■/__,„_?_.
=—rui~or~ v^ujp 7U1 ■- t;uu cc;
0'
in
*-* d
Q      Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
CENTRALLY LOCATED
f   The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
Hot and Cold Water L. A. Mills, Manager
1 Itli-ii' iiinl-'-'n In 1 |,n liibnr movi'iiii'iit or Ihey would not
iiiiilus such Inrucuraln HlnlomnnlH, but If nol llicii Dwy
inn i.'ullly nf l-nowlm-dy nuil-lii-.' inln-sdulenu-titi* Iii,i|i-«
I.iijm' of tl* n,|ving tliolr iifir-of'lntop,
TIhihi- who hnve followed the ewmts I jit lnbor circles
un lliln tiiiillni'iii for the iiukI twenty year*-* with any
rtf-Kri'-"* of nt tent Inn, ai'n mmix-llr-il In admit thnt 11 fnr
nrr-til*'!' portion of funds havo li-*i*n contributed to Dw
Uiiiuuiuu  un'onium    111    umcb    ui    11-,-i-ii   .----ii   tii'-ir
llilllll-lll Hi    |H-| *,tiU'i,|4l-    SUMIl'il    .*lli lilt-    (111* III      ill      li      tin:
•H'l'pni ruled to give Informal inn rogiirillni; Its oxtent
If t'xlslliig nud lho flnnl imlcoino was Ihnl It. wim ill*.
I'ovi'i'eil Hint tlm federal gnveriimont did not lmvo Jurisdiction In the tnntlor ns It, wns for tho Individual stnto
to H.-ltl'* and very probably this may nccount for tlio
failure tn mont Inn tho Auntrlnn nnd tlio • Ilnllnn nn n
|il*'-|*|it'(:llvo Keillor,
Thn south possesses mnny soctlons from n cllnmtlc
.,,,,,..,,,,,.,.,     .,:,„,     ,,,U     ,,(,( U.Hnii,    „j|,i     „)(     H|<,    ullltil'    IlltlHI
;,..,,    ..ii.   t,,'n, 1/1   ll„.l  „(u   Dei)    (tlin.ililtill)    |liiil,ert   tl)   iivo
Summer
Drinks
Cltrnto of' Mngnosln, Bottio.. ..36c
Llmo Julco, Bottio 90o
Phosphnto of Sodn, Bottla... ..35o
Uoot Beer Extract 36c
Fruit Snlls    6O0 75c $1.00
Health Snlts, por tin 25c
COOLING   "
MEDICINAL
PALATABLE
AGREES WITH THE M08T DELICATE STOMACH
Suddaby
1)|'Uu;kIs1. nml   HI nt Inner,   Tel,   Vi
iimoiml due woro figured on n cniitrlbutlvi' p-r ciipitiij I"' I"" •" l« 'In* oconmnlo conditions tlmt aro Konornlly
lifisis. ll nny doubt Huh usHm-tion tlmt belong tn tin j ''«'' '"K1 coii--.cuiiviil.ly lo bo Hliiuuicd by Uioho who lmvo
liiteriiiitloniil body they hnvo uo difficulty In imcertnln. I ■" vurin  "  livelihood by tho expend It uro of phyHlcnl
»*,■■       ,,..,.,,■  ..I,,     i-,,      4,.,,<.,I,,',     r,,,,,,., ,1, ,1,11     in     ,|iv     )i|«i|i|-|
nut hnrlties. ||
llefi-nlng to ono case In point and ut pri-xi-nt In
prtign-HK—the Nova Scntla otruirAfle—over tsftb.fifift Itnvn
iilr-'iidy bt-i'U expciiiled by tho Iiitcriintlonnl of the V. M.
It'. A. on bchnlf of the mlno workerB nud tliat there
Ik rrrtnlnly nn mnn In his snn<> HenRcs Hint would dnro
r-tpfct niiyruic- tn hi-llr-vn thnt thin body referred to ban
not by the jinytnenl of this RlRnntlr Hum Riven n flnt'
roiitrHilli-tlnii to Mtose doloR-itcs fjuotod above.
It nifty bit Incldontnlly rrmnrked. nlthotiRh In rcnllty
is. ot no (-articular value, merely for tho edification nml
iioKroes, but whilo tlioao hnvo been deprived of the
clinnceM for KvlMmprov-unent thoy nro by no monns tho
only oncH who lack education for wo find among Uioho
tinforttiimteii dubbed "whito trnsh" tho porcontnRO of
thoso who cnn neither rond nor write in vory hl-.li nnd
one of tho crent ambitions of thlH clans, whon ambition
in not ciulu'ly Hiuolhuiud, Is to mivii moiiuy lu iso iioilh.
To thoKO poBsoislni; cnpltnl to Invest tha south offers
exceptional ndvnntnRCs, chenp labor, lack of restrictive)
Icfttiilntlon, to far ns capita! Is concerned, althonsh
drantic rneanurcs are adopted on behalf of proporly In-
•Jnlormation ot  Individuals who attach  ao much  Jm- torenta if thoro la any sign of rebellion nmon*| tho
f-ortnnro 1o a locality and tho hlrthplnce of Individ .ala  workorH.
BLACK DIAMOND COLLIERIES
TO START DEVELOPMENT
ArriiUBmiieniH nro now undor wny
nnd llm contract will shortly bo Jot
iui i-.\n-iihi\t) uuvuiniiiiiciit- VioiK ou
Ibe ! _:)rk r>J:iuit>nil i-njlli-rlcn jirop
orly nenr KiiIwIhIIo, Albertn, Thin
properly, cninprlHliii; ovor 1,000 ncros,
directly adjoins 11 tract of 10,000
ncres ol conl lnnd recently purchusoil
by tlm Duke nf Huth .-lnnd nud Cecil
Wn nl tor ibi'insi'lvoH nnd n Hyudlcino
of KimlLsli bnnkors,
Tho Shnrp & Irvlno compnny of
Hptlknne, Wnali., who own tho control-
Hiik Inter, st In the Illack Diamond
collieries, will opon nn office In Vnn-
couvcr nbout tho 20th of thla month.
Mr. \V. V. Irwin of Vancou vor will
roproaeiit them thoro. Tho hend of-
flcu of ihu uuu*»iuy tnuy lator im bu
moved to Viiiuouvor na n number of
Vancouver men havo become heavily
IntoroHtod In tho proporly.
It la expected that the company will
bo marketing coal In a amal! way by
aprlnir and in a year will be ahlp-
pliiK aa lar onnt na WlnnineK. Kng>
ne«ra who have examined th* proporty cBtlmnto ovor 80,000,000 tons of
coal In tho _C-foot sonm alono.' Tho
Grand Trunk Pnclflc.rnllwny orossos
0110 end of tho proporty nnd tho
Cnnndlnn Northorn Itnllwny is now
pushing construction n milo north of
il.
CROW'S NE8T DIVIDEND.
TORONTO, Aug, 13.—At tho meet
ing ot? tho directors of tho Crow's
Nost PnBs Conl compnny, n dividend
of ono por'cont wns doclnrod pnynblo
to Bhnroholdors of rocord of August G,
It Is rnoroly n distribution nnd not n
rogulnr dlvldond for nny pnrtlctilnr
period. It Is tho first pnld In two
yonrs,
Tho Hatnlo of Fnnknlly, mcliidin*;
the ruinous Pass of Kllllccrnnkl,*, hus
boon tiohl,
Full Stockof Smokers'Goods Always on Hand
VICTORIA AVENUE '   FERNIE, B. C.
CENTRAL
HOTEL
The Two
"Billies"
Now Under New Management
Catering to the Worklngman's Trade
Large Airy Rooms and Good Table
'i * -       .
BILLY R08S BILLY MACKAY
A Dollcir 8pcnt at homQ reacts in 'ts
benefits witli unceasing general
profit. Sent out of town it's lifo is ended. Kept
with the homo merchants it Is a messenger of
continuous benefit. Business mon should awake
to the importance of keeping this dollar at homo
and make a bid for it by judicious advertising.
Say You Saw it in The Ledger
■
■
sa
Sii
■
JL
fmX
■
¥
se
■
THE GRAND THEATRE, FERNIE
Moving, Picture
Show
UB
Positively the
Best Pictures
ever shown in
Fernie.
Our pictures are all clear,
steady and up to date
We are giving away $10  '
on Saturday Night
Prices at this Theatre for
the summer will be
10 and 15c
^sai^saaaE®®®
■
m
M
B
B
m
unlit
■
us
■
■
M
3Sf
1 aaat
i
■*--*a:jri9SI»W'!'«S''?.w!W''f«^S;.:'*-'»*''^''-;'*-
 . ^mlm	 ;•• **.**
• (V ;- ■ 7 ■
THE  DISTRICT  LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 13, 1910.
PAGE FIVE
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' S'v^
h
IV
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r.i.
'-*■♦        COAL  CREEK  BY  174        ♦
*■ ♦ ."-.'..♦
T*^^-*--'**-*-'*-*-'*-*-''**-'*''
On  Thursday  morning  three  Coal
_ "Creek,Bills left Fernie by the. morn-
ills' train for, a two week's vacation
■ in and , around   Vancouver."  William
.-Wilson,    William.  Belland,    William
Agnew.   Cefiil Jones was also' a member, bf this * party. •'-"        •        ,
.'..:  J.  L.  Collins,  the hustling  repre-
, sentative bf the Calgary Herald, was
'•  in-"tho camp, this weelc.sollclting subscriptions for.Jhis well known paper.
*• .7 Mr... and  Mrs. Dan -Lynk,-   taking
,baby with them, left here oh Tuesday morning , bound,   for    Brandon;
■Man.'' . *   . . ,   .. - '
Jac)*:'Caufield has been laid "up this
week a victim to a severe attack of
grippo.
•' Johnnie Davey arrived back In
camp on Monday. from .his trip to
Whitehaven,- England. : .7 .<> •
■' Mr. "Winter is the namo of* the
.gentleman who has care of the dry
goods in the Trites-Wood store.   He
■ .hails from .'the hub of* the universe
and 'made famous by the. excellent
quality of its beans, Boston," Mass.,
We-noted the'presence,hero,on the
street of a former resident,'but now
proprietor of'the Hotel de Passburg;
\ Alberta, Mr. Thomas Duncan.
. ■,  In response to a telegraph Friday
our football team journeyed to Cra,n-
.  brook and played'- a match with the
'.local team which -ended, in, a draw,'
each side-scoring a goal;   .It,ls„.ex-
'.''pectedthat- the'return match will be
.,' played here in the near'' future when
-it  is . hoped . that a .large attendance
* " .'will be there to enliven what ought
to bo' a* very fast.game.
i  ..   Below is'Vthe' make-up of the team
,-    that will-visit- Hosmer* next, Saturday
' • when  it is expected  that they will
•give a.good account   of   themselves7
lioal, ,T.'Banns; backs,'W. McFegan
*   and* J. McLctchie, W. Parnell, A. McFegan,  J.    Sweeney,    G.    Booth,  0.
Joison, J. Manning, P. Joison, B. Hartwell. ' _    ' '       . *
._ Jack Harrington, paid , a    surprise
"visit to two sisters 'at Maeleod last
,    week .end.' Why not stay in Fernie
and ..visit, the"''Three  Sisters?"
The Methodist church-.will hold ii
'""• baske'f.'social'- in the church on August
f>o,,.i     ****,' ' ". **
£j,llt\.t .    .• %. * • ,
.*_.. ' It is becoming, if'it is not already,
a ' dull; cjiionqtony • the ^yay the. accidents happen and'while tnere"'is not
so large a number this weCkas last
the better" state of the exchequer:
There is no danger of inability to
fulfill all league fixtures, so with' a
uniled effort and the encouragement
.pf the public, the crowd we now
havo /will make themselves a foe to
be reckoned with. •     .
Mrs. C. Dunlop' and her daughter
have left' oh a short visit to Calgary.
Luther Nightingale has departed for
Seattle and * his jovial smile will be
greatly missed,' but then surely he'll
bring it back on his return.
<*.*-4i>0*-+*.<*4>*-»-*-
♦ ' '      . .   ♦
♦ ,    MICHEL. ' ♦
♦ ♦
"still" some of' them are very serious!
.Mike Stilak,.'a driver in No"; 1 south
lind tlie 'misfortune to get his forearm "brokon last Friday'while at work
:taking :in a.load of Unifier, owing to-
the shafts-.bf'.- his    horse  becoming
caught -whereby- the cars wore "thrown
off the track.    ITo was* pinned  and
.the  injury-inflicted. * ■
Ernest Neodlck, tlpplo boss,' was
compelled to lay off fot\several days'
as a result "of an injury to his leg
■last Saturday. ■
Tho"'worst nccldont   of   tho week
■ happened In No. 2 last Tuesday after-
no-m when J. Hobcy, a rope-rider *suf-
' forei. ro severe,an injury to his buck
I hul Jt Is feared the spliio was fractured and'In addition Wiercto lie* loses
tho Might'oyo,    It appears from  In-
■'formation received' .that after tlio
trip 'had gono pus), and ho was busy
. attending to tho switch a tram of
timber got away and ran back upon
lilm, presumably from a defective
clnvls,' which knocking him down and
injuring  him  In  the  manner  ahovo
, doscrlbed.   Uo was given tho necos-
■ aary first nttontlon by Dr. Workman
nnd llion removed to the Fornio hospital, whoro ho ia at prosont lying in
n precarious condition. This Ib Indeed a sad case as lio was looking
forward with ploasuro to tho arrival
of his family from England for whom
lio had just sent word to como out
nnd join hlm.
, L., V. KckBloln and T, II. Whalen
woro up horo Tuesday evening trying to Interest tho boys In tho
Nupanoo proposition,
Goorgo Vicars   wlfo   nrrlvod from
Whltohnvbn this wook.
(Stave.)
We are glad to report that James
Stewart is back again in., our" midst
and is officiating now for the Trites-
Wood * compnny at their New Michel
branch. Billy Whipplor has also resumed'his work aiuMs with the above
firm. He says he won't take a trip
to  any other .place than Britain.
Our local pugilists are doing some
hard training for a glove fight and
it is to bo hoped that the authorities
will not 'put a stop to it because we
aro sure if there are. .dny pictures
taken for the moving pictures, there
is no fear of them being prohibited.
My-fancy is like the' girls—tho
sailor.   ■ " „    *
, Fred Which, has-returned from High
River,''"Alta., and states that at times
.the smoke was .so dense from the
forest fires raging in British Columbia that there ^ • were ' times ■ when
artificial light had to be used at 2
o'clock in the afternoon.
Liverpool,1 who resigned his position with the Coal company and "went
(0 Corbin to work as machinist, has
severed* his*' connections ' with that
firm • and is back. here again. '  "
There was; a free-for-all "at the
Socialist meeting' in New Michel..but
although there were several students
of first - aid ' ready for,, an eniergency
thelr services were nor required as
nobody was,physically injured.   '*
Wo are pleased., to ..-report" .thai
Maurice Burrell has reconsidered his
resignation as secretary for.this local*.
TTe left on Monday's,'flyer.bound Loi*
.the special convention at' Indianapolis
where he goes, as special-delegate.to
represent our local." ..' ' .*' 7
* Mr. aud Mrs.' Carr,-drove over to
Ferule last Sunday, -Sir.' Garr retuin-
-i'.iiT^JVT.
Mr. and Mrs. J./Bastain'.returned
from visiting their son, at-Taber last
Monday evening.
Harry Ryan' left the latter part of
last week for Lethbridge to sit for
the provincial examination "for a
stationary engineer's certificate
- We are pleased tb see Q our old
friend A. Allen", back In town once
again. Funny, but it's, true that so
many . do wander back. Albert re-'
ports that work is very slack up at*
Moyie, about 150 men being laid off
at the St, Eugene this week,
tiH. Walker, no doubt* better known
as "Tim" and W. Sudworth have gone
to Taber . Sorry to see you going
boys and the football club will surely
miss you. , ,
Nat Evans and S. Pembroke have
migrated to Corbin. TITe girls will
certainly miss Nat at. the dances.
James'MacLeod has now sufficiently recovered from his accident io take
up his duties as fire-boss on afternoon  shift  in  3  and  -1.
George Lucks has left for Corbin,
whero ho' has got a job as shot-
lighter, and Mike Joyce is busting for
coal in No'. 5 on the aftornoon shift.
NWilliam Davis has- once more
thrown down the pick and taken up
the lamp and peu as night fire-boss
in 3 and 4. '   •
George Kometz has disposed of his
milk route and cows to C, Murray of
the Elk Valley. 6 "■»-     "     ,'  "   *     "*
The* Michel and District Anglers'
association ..are holding' their first
outing and . fishing competition. on
Sunday, August. 21st, when the
fishers and their friends with lots of
bait and flies-will journey to^ Slor-
rissey. Now Spragger, old qiah, look
.out for your laurels or you may get
beaten.
COLEMAN N0TE8 BY'22
LiiHt Sunday wu had tho pleasure
of n vlfilt to town ot Charlos O'llrlon
whoso, opening remarks caused somo
displeasure to our local guardian of
tlio poaco, whlclrhorosonlod but this
elf tl not 'affect Mm- speaker .In tho
lonsl miioHH It may liavo boon said
U> havo milled uplcu lo his dlscourso
niid furnished -soma nmuHOinont tt)
tlio bystanders. On Tuesday ho gave
iih it vory good lecture on lho history
of England niul Soclnlism nnd certainly 1ms puvod tho way for the
forthcoming visit, of orgiml/or (lornld
iVsnioiuj, who will*find as a.rosiill
of O'lliion lecturo* thorn are <*ultc:'u
number-ready lb tnlt'o up tho study of
this, ull .ribsorblni*. mibjcct Hint Is of
nix nxnttXi  1-mnAvlflWrin In (ivnvylindy X,\\i
moro oHpocinlly to tho wimn-workor,
Ab a moans to curb his com-
lialtvo spirit at lonst for a short tlmo
Frank I'rll'l will he a government
guest at Maeleod for 0110 inbuilt, this
being tho ponnlty Imposed upon lilm
1     ,.. 1 ■ 1    ., i, 1 ,
.If      *.*-»,»■»     ,l.~...j,      ». k.*J     ..Kr...Ht-..*-- .1.       ...
llio'caso thnt an ho wns growing to
ho quito a familiar figure In court
• Hint llils timo lio should not bo glvon
tlio option of a flno ns this did not
scorn to havo any bonoflclnl effect
And thnt porhaps u month's stay In
Marlond mlftht. glvo him Dmo tn think
ovor tlio malter. „
The CnJcmnn football flub Jouriioy-
otl to Hosmer Inst Bnturdny, riH nl-
tltough tho mul-:* or the playun havo
b&cn badly demoralized, wo fed cor-
lain that those who compose tho prov
ont toam will do tliolr very "best dur"
ing the balance of tlio.aeaaon tp do
orodlt to Cflloman nmf nobody can.do
moro. Then (here Is another pleating fonturo to bo recorded that la {for No. S mlno
■jiKiiOe-i™"iri0iniiig"j™iKU"vni"s  iur"s;
Can*'a visitor for'.a-few days  with
Mrs. J, Carter."   ,   '.       *'      ,*   , '..-   -
A-iup.w seam-on No. 5 side is being
developed.-   *    '
International-board member, Chas.
Garner, who' is. well known hero,
visited us last Saturday, and left for
Fornie on Sunday,
The Michel brass band left*,un
Tuesday for Lothbrldgo to enter into
competition there and wo sincerely
liopo that thoy'may blow themselves'
into first position.
1-1. W. Read is. back .again after a
pleasant sojourn at Banff^ and Golden.
'Barlass, the C. P. R. coiil Inspector
has bought household furnituro, in'
eluding an' organ and a baby's high
chair, from whicli it may bo, gathered Hint thoro will bo "music'.' In tlio
fnmlly.
William .Sjironlo of Corbin wns iu
town on slclc leave last week.- lie
Is st ablo boss up thoro and ono of
his wards gavo him a kick Hint compelled him to lay off. .
Charles Doe wns horo last wcok'
st-HIng "out his old homo and loft
on Sunday for , Crawford Bay on
Kootonay Lake, whoro ho will com-
blno tho occupation of rancher with
that of store-keeper. Ho has tho bost
wishes of all who' know hlni.„
Tho local union will colohrnto
Labor Day,
Estabrook and compnny hnvo so-
cured tho contract for the oxcavatlon
of tho now boarding houso ncross
tho creok starting Tuosday, tho Oth,
It will ho a first-class houso nnd
conlnln  00 rooms.
Plotro JSnrrottl will hulld a first-
clnss hotel Jn Now Mlchol,
S. IT. Tuek look a bunch of Invnlld
liornoH up to Round Prnlrlo last wook,
Tho Ilnllnn Socloty will hold tliolr
sports oh Monday tho 20th.
Our hnnd gavo nn opon nlr concort.
In front, of Crnhun's holol on Sen-
dny night nnd we hope to pot sonin
moro music nfier limy cnmo bnck
from Lothbrldgo, whoro wo have just
lonrnod thoy innnnpod to enpturo tho
second prl/,o, Woll,dono, boys, bottor
luck noxt tlmo mid wn must con-
grnlulnlo Sir, Lowls nnd lho momborH
of llm hand on tliolr good work.
Sir, nnd Sirs, St. Joyce returned
from Cowloy IiihI Sundny,
Hnil Ilubny has linen mi lho sick
list this wcok but wo nro glml to
unto IiIh smiling onimtormucn onco
ngnln nn It Is not nfli'ii thnt ho Is
lindr-r tlio wpnllii.' hnd enough lo
make hlm lily off.  "
Dick Trunin, llio fnnious chnrlot
driver nnd' llio frlond of tho black-
•mill!,   lio« "■m-it.lirw!  '*'" l-*"*;-'-*-;' ■"■1\t!"
and slightly hfiit llm nxln. As 11
rulo Dick hns no rosjmot for punctuation hut this tlmo ho cortnlnly cnmo
lo a "full stop" which he did nol forget tho punctuate omplmtlcnlly.
•^♦•^■♦♦^<>'<9>* -<> -0- ♦ -^ <>
♦ <*>
<&■ * HILLCREST. 7 .    ***
•*> ' .'";*♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦"^•^■♦►■^•♦■♦'♦^
W. II. Aldridge, general manager of
the mining r-rope*-lics, both quartz and
coal, of the C. P."'R., whose name" is
immortalized by.calling* the next station west of Moyio, B. C. after him,
was in'oiir town Saturday last accompanied by Mr. Fraser, a director of
the 1-Iillcresi Coal & Coke company.
(. Charles M. O'Brien, the-provincial
representative; of tlie ...working class
in Alberla and member of the Rocky
Mountain Divisioji^ of which we'form
a part', p'ald' us a visit this week and
the center, of the table. Professor
Ernest, the trick" bicyclist, gave a fine
exhibition^ on' .the lawn.- Professor
Charles gave 'a phonograph entertainment to the delight of everyone.
There - was every kind of children's
games you could think of and the
affair was one continual round of
pleasure and everything done-to make
the little, folks happiest. 7
7   '      '.• ,   .
' Let Us Smile.
The thing that goes the farthest
Towards.making life worth while,
That .cost the least and "does the most
Is just a" pleasant smile;
The smile that bubbles from a heart
That loves its fellow men,
Will drive away the cloud of gloom
And coax the sun again;
It's full of worth and goodness, too,
With manly kindness blent, <»
It's worth a million dollars and..
Doesn't cost a cent.o ~
Don't forget the Odd Fellows picnic
to Elko Sunday, the river-girdled
hyacinth tinted and picturesque littlo
city with golden ■■ opportunitles-for
those in search of health, wealth or
pleasure.
Never look a clothes 'horse in the
mouth'. • .    .      '
The prosperity in Elko is more in
evidence than a dog fight at a Wednesday' night, prayer  meeting.
Eagle Creek Tommy was- in town
Wednesday looking as lonesome as a
sheepherder at a • funeral.    ,
Mr. Liphardt, Fernie's diamond, mei-
chant, and family visited Elko this
.week.       ...
Leslie Mills, .'of the Waldorf-
Astoria, Fernie,'and 'two nbig game
huiitei*s"'arrived ih Elko Saturday
night, with their blankets . and pike
poles and left for the soutli fork of
the Elk .river, where the fish'are "Oh
my" . awful big* and gainey and the
sociable grizzly-very much ,in *eyi-
dence .at this season of the year.
Leslie still hangs onto the New York
fashions and started for the-hills, in
a full dress suit and looked flashier"
than a band'on a .cheap cigar, and
may the "devil roast me if the ''fish
don't have, some fun with iiim when
he'gets out .there.. 'His companions
reminded us of a couplo of old maids
t at a college' dance,^
If we never get to Heaven the olhej-
place will' . certainly , remind us of
Fernie. ^   -    '  7 _
W.. C* Leacey ..visited Nelson. this
.week on business*.connected' with the
erence library is a grand tool for "a
young man to have the use of in his
student days.     * "-
Scientific works and books of travel
may be expensive to buy, but they
last a long time. Readers of these
books don't break tlieir backs, tear
their pages or thumb-mark the leaves.
Neither do they leave hairpins, "love
letters, pressed flowers or the butcher's bill to serve as a book mark for
future readers.
Look after tho children.- Get a
strong section for the juniors. Better
by far be safe at- homo reading ai
book than hanging round streej. corners.
I would liko to give* you a list 'of
books, or better still, a list of writers,
but as space, presses I would Vail attention to ono more point only.
Choose your librarian., well." Anyone
can hand out books, but If your
library Is to become* ihe center of all
that is good and bes.t in tho city, and*
a library -has this' great advantage,
that it is independent of creed or
opinion,-you want, the, right man in
charge. '       ■      .
Yours faithfully,
J. R. SINCLAIR.*
, Ed.    The  suggestions  of  Mr.  Sinclair arc" timely and worthy of  the
consideration 'of those who have'this
library question in hand.'   *
either must have been' broken or lost
on the way down and that is the
cause of the car getting away and
seripusly wounding J. B. Lobert. I
do not wish at this time to discuss
the wrongs of, the .company in this
affair, because this has been dealt
with by the Frank jury who laid the
blame upon the company."
1 Fellow workers it is a terrible
state of affairs when in this 20tji
century such acts of injustice as this
can be perpetrated.
This clearly shows to us how closely the judiciary is allied to the capitalists because it is quite evident that
this arbitrary action has been cngi-
iieei-ed by Sir. A. Mullor .and his four
traitors because, in spite of the acquittal by lho jury of our Comrade Decoux the police have.shown by their
willingness to do the dirty deed that
there was an excellent opportunity to
"intellectual" residents of New Michel.
J, D. Harrington will address two
meetings on* Sunday next, one in
Crahan's hall and the * other in Now
Michel. No doubt he will be able
to stand the pressure.^of the-latter,
place, but any other speakers who are
coming through the Pass are requested to write to ..me and 1 will analyze
the atmosphere to see if New Michel
has become sane.
Yours  in.'revolt.
VINCE FRODSHAM.
Fernie,,B. C. Aug. 11,. 1910.
Editor District Ledger:      ;' 7
Dear'Sir—The following letters are
'self-explanatory and the Fernie fire
sufferers'may take'note of what.is
going, on. This committee may as
well ask the Dominion Government to
resign,
"Kindly   insert'in  your  next  issue
and oblige, your  truly, .    -
THOMAS  BIGGS.
Office of'Secietary Gladstone Local,
No. 231-1, 11. SI. W. of A., Fernie,.IJ. C.
To the Editor, District Lodger:
Dear Sir—We would like the foi-.
lowing inserted in your valuable
paper.-we feel that too much notico
cannot bo'takon of. this case,
At a special mass meeting of our
union held on the  7th  inst, tho fol-
slrlke  a  blow  at a  union  man  and] lowing resolution  was  carried  unani-
ai thc same time grovel at tho feel! inoitsly- * ,,
of Muller. '    Resolved, That we the members of
We feel,,.confident  of the outcome ■ Local No. 'J'-ni, U.  SI, W.  of A,  do
of this affair will be the release of! hereby appeal    to    tho    minister of
mond,-Socialist organizer, .and ' to
judge by his na'moVmust have originated somewhere"'near where .* thc
shamrocks are thick.
The world-famous baseball promoter whose fame is now" a household word in.these parts, the Right
Honorable Danny Slavin, hied.away
this week to Coal Creek .for tho.purposo of organizing a baseball team in
that village between the mountain
clofts.-; .
Recent showers of rain which fell
In our midst.* wero very acceptable
and move was ardently desired. These
•sprinkling downfalls wo'ro entirely (00
local as wo learn from our Passburg
correspondent that' tho drought still
continues there with the disastrous
lailuro of crops as' a result and 'ond
of (ho worst sufferers is ' our old
friend Undo Bonny.- Tho oxlonl of
his loss can bo bettor understood
when wo stato that he has boon compelled *1o part with his , little dog,
Flossie, Further romnrks aro unnecessary,
government. .       *
Mr. Glen Campbell returned from
the*, coast, Miss ' Rhodfi remaining
there fer her health,'and where the
best medical authbrilios-aro always
on hand.
It won't cost you much to-see Elko
on Iho'Mth- and ihe outing will do
you good, * Come and soo Elko.   ■
'-'-Fernie, B. C„ Aug. 9, 1910.
Mr.  Thomas Biggs, Pernio,  B.  C.:
Dear Sir—I have been requested by
tho .F.ernie District Fire Relief 'committee, to request that you send- in
your resignation as a ''member, ami
also as one of the trustees, seeing
that yon have made an affidavit, you
wero made a- .trustee' 'without your
consent,  and  as  you havo joined  111
our brother without a smirch on his
chnrmcter as we are positive of his
liinonccnco of the foul charge.  '
While, waiting the meeting of the
assizes in October he is suffering
both physically and morally, his. wife
is constantly fretting and his children are deprived of their father's
care. - .       '    '
Slay, add that when our comrade
saw his little boy his feelings cannot
be described and we did 'our best to
comfort him and assure him that we
all esteemed mm, but could not* prevent the tears from starling to our
eyes, and when he endeavored with
those feelings that are natural to
every parent to embrace his kiddy
thick bars of the cage, (6 inches) intervened to prevent, and the poor little
fellow made frantic efforts to put his
head through them to his daddy but
without avail.   ■
1 sincerely hope, Sir. Kditor, that |
you. will grant the courtesy of* your
esteemed paper, the defender of thc
workingman iu this district, fo this
protestation In "order that our fellow-
workers .may know of thn rank* .injustice that is being done to nn  in-
an action against the. committee, it ■ nocent-man whose only fault (!) is
is thought to be only reasonable and J that of belonging to a union, and this'
light that you should.resign, both as (-in FREE OAXADA. * *  "   7
committeeman'and as "trustee. '      Thanking: you, I am. yours sincerely
' Kindly   let   me' hear  from   you   at
your earliest' convenience and oblige,
7 Yours truly, - *■*
—■ *-—;—<**—' R:""R_itDTNG'*^   '~
Chairman Fornio District Fire Relief
Committee. .' ' *■   '
ARTHUR DESCAS1PS.
justice for the Province of Alberta;
lo '.'ike Immediate action In the
case of Brother A. Decoux, who Is
cjiarged with killing a fellow worker
at. Frank. We are of the opinion that
after the coroner's jury had exonerated Brother A. Decoux of all blame
in said case, and added riders condemning ,the system under which.tho
company were working said mine, we
are' of the opinion that the Crown
should Jiave taken action upon tlie
coal company instead of. upon said
brother, and we leqnesC that the honorable minister of justice take im-
mediafe steps to investigate same and
we also request that said brother be '
allowed out on bail in the meantime,
aiid that a copy of this resolution bo
scni lo the Belgium Consulate and
thc Honorable Sliiilster of Justice,
and also a copy of-same bo published ,
in The District Lodeer. '
' JOHN  B.  SMITH,  President.    '  ,
DAVID PATON, Rcc.^Seeretary.
DAVID RICKS. Fin. Secretary.
BRIEF BITS  FROM   BRITAIN.
k**kk*********k*****k*k*k£
l Letters To       jf
I       The Editor %
i***********.*-***-**********
The editor is ■ not   responsible for
articles that are sent In.
THE LIBRARY QUESTION.
.'- Pernio, B, C, Aug. 11, 1910. '
Sir. _. .Reading, City:
• Dear Sir—Your letter of tho 9th
Inst, lo hand ro the Fernie District
Firo Relief committee and in reply
may say, that not being nppohuo-l
by any of this committee to tlie office
of committeeman I absolutely refuse
to resign "at the request of any of
this committee. .*,   '
The stand I have taken on the
business of this commltteo is a right
one In'my estimation and your committee has no right to question the
right of my opinion and ask mo to
resign.
Yours,  etc*
TIIOSIAS  BIGGS.
ELKO NOTES.
/#*.,,-.»,!   I-        r^w,   r.i>.  .  1
Sirs, W, T. Stoody nnd son have
returned homo aflor a long visit to
Mrs. 8am StoVlcarat llonvor Crook,
Altn.
lloilillngtoii &, Leoco havo built mi
extension to lho Now Mlchol. 1 real-
donoo.
Jnboz Weaver, Jr., Is puttlnit up' a
flno houso opposite bin fnthor'H In
rontllnoss for Mb wlfo and fnmlly
wbon they nrrlvo from lho old country.
During tlu) nbjonco of Mnnrlco nur-
roll M. D. StcLonn In acting in his
ulcsd.
The cont compnny Is vory buoy putting In 11 foundation for a now tan
By Fred Roo,
Tho following romnrks will suffice
thnt wo nro still nbovo lho dnlslos,
and' Slum's tho word "ns tlio mayor
Rnld to tho wlno stoward."
Sir, C. ,T, Lowls, clilof gnmo wardon
for tho Fornio district, dropped Into
Elko for a' fow mlnutos visit with his
family this wcok, Whilo In tho Flat-
bond oil Holds ho mot thn ndltor of
lho firnss Vnlloy Bannor who nskod
Sir, Lowls who woro lho throo big-
guHt, liars In British Coliimliln, nnd In
tho Inst Ihhuo of tho Bnnnor n bonu-
llful Illustrated monthly, It gives
Clmrllo SIcKnh of Waldo iih ono nnd
Frod Roo of Elko ns lho othor two.
Sirs, nnd Mi'H. Colriuhoiin of
I.poiIh, Yorkshire, nenr lCnglnnd, nro
ciuiipnd. nl. Iiighnm's much, Slieop
Mountain, for tho trout Hoimon.
Dr. Adamson Smith, wife and lliroo
children und a gnluxy of Krnro nnd
homily from tho tins lliuigo. nonr
Medicino Hni, nro cnnipi'd on llio
bench bnlow llnspberry Finis,
'Clmrllo Yniullo, lorn onglncor, who
Is buck hi WlMilpoir, Hiiyn I In1 nmsi
.Inlkoil of town along tho Crow Is
Klko, IhnCnmbrldKO nf tlin l'nas.
"Oo it now," Don't wnll mil II you
got bnld hmiih'd boforo you bngln
swatting tbo fly.   "Do lt now,"
if umi -ii'n-nt  lf\ Viin**" i'l'it* hi**"' btinl-
lioss Is going on In Klko knnn your
eye on tho bnnlc clonrings In this column. Tliey novor Ilo.
.'inoro was* no truth In the stnto-
mont that. Fred Roo wns'fighting bush
I'lros In flcntch kilts Inst. wool(,
n.,.       fll        I   -        1     .«   I ..     1       ,-111   '   -l 1
*►,.*_ »..;..-. ..,.,..... >v. ,.."..    .j... —
mooting In tho nwoot HUbKMWontly,
Tbo spring chlrkc-i*)  sciison  Is  on
now In lSlko.
Tho pumpkin plos nro gottltiR rlpo,
Tommy Ingram of Hboop Mountain
wont up lo Fornio Hunilny night lo
vIrR Ills pniviits.
Miss Murlot Ayro, rinughtor of C. W.
Ayro, gmiprnl uinnnjf'-r for Uic North
3tnr Lumber compnny, gnvo n birth
* .Michel,' n. a, Aug.  0, 1010.
Editor District Lodger:
Dear Sir—As 0110 who has had a
considerable oxporlonco nmong books,
might I bo pormltled to say a 'few
words on tho abovo quoBtlon?
Thoro Is a pretty safo rule In buying books and that Is, stick to woll-
known authors. Cortnln authors can
always ho depended upon to (fuvn out
a ploco of work woll up to a good
standard nnd, although evory library
should koop woll abreast with current
literature, It, must always bo rcmom-
borod that you aro building for tho
futuro and, thoroforo, a cortnln wlso
■jmlRmont must bo usod, Mnny n
book. Is tho rngo for a momont only
to drop straight through to oblivion,
thus, unless UiIh point Js consldorod,
a library In a very short time nc-
oumuliitos 11 vnst amount of oxponslyo
rubbish which simply occupies valii-
nblo shelf room.
Tho futuro librarian will find almost
DO per cent of tlm books borrowed
wjll bo fiction, und as llio novel road-
(M'H nro In tlm mnjorlly. so must, tlmy
bo ciitornd for;, but. nt llm hiiiiio timet
thoro nro n siunll number of r-*nd-
ors In ovory town who nro tmvolors
In tlm "ronlniH or gold"—Just, ti n«loet
fow who ure tlm Joy of every llbrnr-
Inn who Is worthy tlio hiiiiio, Look
well nftor those fow I Implore you,
Thoy rend "dry" bfiokH--old wrlloi'H
dead mul goim 11 hundred or 11 thnii-
hiiiuI years uno, It won't cost very
much to satisfy Mmm olilmr. You
cnn buy what tliey wnnl clmitply for
llm copyright him run out nml some,
how or other It always pays pub-
lIslmrH to print, tIioho boolui. Homo of
Mioho volumes wero    hnmlod,  down
lwi.,.1   In   V'ii-,1   (, ■•   1 "Oa   In   »niWl   i'i,*im
uiii.i (ype wiih Invented nnd slum
tlmn I hoy have run through countless
eillllniiH. Oilmen, lmvo beon written
nny time during Mm.' law* MO yenr.'-
but, thoy Imvu tho poculliirlly thnt
thev never get mil of dnto or Htalo,
The house .of commons is adjourned
until Tuesday; November Hllh.
' A deputation of seamen interviewed
the'London president, of the. trade.regarding branding of. sailors and
"coffin  ships." . '
A   charge   of   assault,   was   proved
against   Sirs. Heb.?,-lic<lwell, o[-"New-'
EtinoT^mm^rn^Migorl *~~ -mrfr-roT-smmflTTpra servant, gin wmr
Dear Sir—Should be much  obliged' J10' "cl»,linS tongs,
if you' would-give mo a' fittle space      George Grossmith of the Gaiety has
in  your valuable  paper for *tlif  pur-! become   a   member   of   the- Catholic
Frank,. Alta.
pope of bringing to tho notice of Unpeople of Fernie that that portion of
it 'known -as West, Fertile was recently visited by a creature on two
legs who certainly has canine Instincts that -place hlm in (lib "cur"
class.* Last Saturday night Sirs.
Tumor, a widow with flro children,
placed the moat "for Sunday's dinner
In her wojl and to her surprise and
sorrow upon looking for it -"0111111
that it had boon stolon and the fatherless children robbed of their Suit-
day dinnor,
As thoy havo wolfed tho meat It Is
to ho hoped thnt llioy may seo tl*!>>
lottor and  if not  altogether wlthoii
eliurcli.  ' ;
The death or Sii* TI. A. .1. Doughty
Tichhorno recalls thc notorious claim
of Arlliijr Orion lo lho-' Tichhorno
estato.
_ Ifleon-ycHr-oI-.. Marcel Iloiirlot. will
ho a conle.slanl at flie Lanark aviators' meeting.
.li Ramsay Slncdonald. SL V., is
sending out an appeal (or .yoniribu-
IIoiih 10 an election fund becauso it
has hoon'declared illegal to make deductions from union funds for -polltl-
cal purposes,
Delegates from the Slldlnnds, representing 200,000 cotton operatives as-
i somhlod in Cast on Hall, Snlford, nnd
hear!, will bring hack the plates and i ■•"'w**  (»* "-""nue agitytlon for ro- „
thoy don't need to wash them either.  "">vnl  of dust.    In    ritrdroom;   total
Frank, August 9, 11)10.
I3dltor District Ledger, Fernio, II. C.
Dear Sir—Saturday last In company
with Clmrlos Decoux, father or A, Docoux and taking tho littlo son of tho
hitter went lo Slaclcod to hoo A.- Decoux.
SVo wero glvon permission to soo
lilm, but I must, confnss' Ihnl. It,
grieves mo sorely to bo compelled to
glvo n report of tlio deplorable condition he Is In down thore.
Uo' Ih Imprisoned In a coll TV. foot
long by 4-/_ foot wido. In this coll
thoro Is nolHier chnlr nor stool upon
which to sit, consonuontly he Is oil her
compcdlod to crouch down or Htnnd
up llko n wild honst In 11 cngo. For
11 bod thoro Is n maltross (If tho
object. I Knw cnn bo clnssnd iih n
nintlroHH) Hint Is folded up during
tho diny and Htrotclmd out al nlghl
on a hard plank to sloop upon". TIiIh
and a groy blnnkol coimtllulo IiIh
nlooping iicconiinndiiflnii. Tlie prison
gunrds only allow lilm mil, K. minutes
at a Hum throo times a woolc, hence,
lm hns no iippolllo and lho only food
lie cnn take without too much disgust
Ih a morHol of broad,
HIS (IAOLHIW IIAVK NOT AL-
LOW'KP IIIM TO TAK 1-3 A RATI I
HINt.K 111*1 WAH PUT IN, NOW
MORI'' THAN "A    MONTH, WIIIHII
Thanking you  for  pulling  this  In
Uio pnpor, 1 am,, yours truly,
A RI'ISIDI'.NT.
REVOLUTIONARY  ORGANIZATION.
Mlchol. R. C, Aug. 10, 1010. .
'Dear Comrnde F.dllor—In order Ihnt
our comrades may know something of
wliat Ih going on in this enmp would
1II-.0 to hnvo you stalo through tho
columns of ""Tho Lodgor" Mint wo
hold two very successful outdoor
meollngs hero on August -lib nnd nth,
olio at. Now Michel and lho othor In
Old .Michel.*
Comrndo Charles O'llrlon,"SI. L. A.,
for tlio Rocky Mountain division of
'Albertn, gnvo us a rousing nddross
full of lho soundest logic out lining
cy In* I iik conditions that, wo hnvo hud
Mio opportunity of llslonlng to for
ninny a long dny. <*
Iln oxprcsHod himself In forcible
lniiguiigo nnd plnlnly oxplnlnod to the
hIiivos I hnir position, Mnny nlijer' fo
Hto term slaves, yet, ho proved ho-
yniiil qu.-Hllon thnt nllhoufth we mny
iioi like ll Hint Is tlm (null Indeed,
mul tlm! once limy rciilljic MiIh fuel
nml eonmmiiec tn edueiilo IIioiiimcIvch
Ihnl It Hpi-lls dent met Ion to a syslcin
which .erenteii Ihein,
After  polnlliiK  to   Dw Cannes  tlm
ANNOYH' IIIM   VHUY   MUCH.    Hut j nre rcspniiHlbln for this stnl« of nf-
to cap the cllinOX lm liilil UH Hint IiIh
cell \viu* nllve wllh bi'd-biigs mul as
pi oof uf Hiuim showed um ii liiuMlcr-
chief nil hemneured with Ihu blood of
these vermin Hint Im hnd n(|urtHlied,
If tit nay time he opeiiH his mouth
for any purpoHc he Is hrutnlly ordered to sliiil up. "Ko now,"' lm Hiiid
"you enn see how I um trouted'1111 il
whnt  miiki'K  It   so  much  iirtrdor  to
Inn***, Hi- . in-iil.-i- denH wiih the
remedy, but lu so doing he nod on
l|ii> limn 11 I'Hie plnlu-'idx nnd piiliiliiil
hmig-TH-ri'ii of New Slb'lml who. un-
mill- to combat his M-iimr)**-. with
words sought refuge In llm only
iimnus thnl tlmy nm -'iipiihh* of milng,
forco niul alius", mid we Iuul 11 \th ■
(lire (very moving Iuul (if Ihnne who
ure Kiipposed to be gunrilluim of tlm
IHithlm-  lit   nil   nn   mv   eni-e-elene..   In I lilm  ludl'-'ilu"'!    ve- dn"i\il   ->--W.-*<-   t»en
tiny pnrty to her younn lndy friends
Tuotday afternoon whicli proved a
gronl success. The dlnlnie room prisoned n very protty nppoArnnco and
tho parlors woro decoraled with
fluweui from every KrccJiUoua- lu
town. A big pumpkin tied'with bluo
ribbon und filled with fruit united
of your library.
Then then' Ih a body of renders
who rood not. so much rrom the Joy
of reading iih from a doslro to become
poHBoiiHOd of all that Is best In the
world of thought On any particular
topic «jiy soclnlism for lns*nncn.
Look well nfter those, too, but do
stand fnlr niul Hive tbem 11 chnn-m
of studying both points of view.
Alwoys remember both sides should
bo reprehented by the bent' and aanest
writers.
Ah the library Is to bo built In a
mining town aiid wliiit will mirely tn
tlio future bucomc a manufacturing;
center, look well nfter the scientific
and technical side.   A first-class ret-
reproach myself with, Ilo iidi'c-1 Mini
llm four renegndes who Imd hnizeii-
ly lied when tiny gnvo eildemi'
nuuliiHt hlm. Tlmt when Ihey cunm
Into court,   lliolr   testimony wns nl-
iH'ilni.)     lui.tt-li   ,11,1    MilliH-    ">'    V,»l   Ilium.
to prevent Mmm contradict Ing ouch
other nud dictated by (?)—we don't
know), When these were not w
copted and'they hnd to hpeuk out for
themselves they wore nl n loss whnt
to sny.
.WverMi-'lotu- thoi',0. heartier.'* trnl'-
ors did not hosltnto lo He about our
llrnMmr liorntiv, simply boonttno ho
wan n union mnn--ii victim of the
compnny.
"Vou know well enough," be said
to nie, "Mint If t had hnd such
diabolical Intentions that I am credited with I should not havo picked on
tha moment when you,, my comrade,
wan thore nnd nrlc-t, tho.bom. Tho
sprnK which l hud put In the wheels
till armor, thick Minni'h It  was, wiih
pierced, mid knowing of   no    belter
way  lo  U''t  b'uu  wnit  mi  fur on to
abolition of flues; -IS hours per week;
etc,
John W, l'.vnns of Buxton committed siilcldo'iiflpr a quarrel with his
brother over a penny,
A Nollliighuiu penny of, tho reign
,of Stephen sold for CIO 2d (is.
compoiisntlon award against Sir. Fred
An Intorosllng point undor tho
Workmen's ('omponsatlon Act hns
heen decided by Judge llarlngton at
Wandsworth county court. Sirs. Julia
Clements, a widow, of Alfred street,
Rntloi'sea-park-rond, who applied for a
compensation award ngnlnts Sir. Frederick F.don, of Albert Pnlaco mansions, Ilntterson I'nrk, snld sho wns
oinjiloycd iih a servant at 10s a week,
and nftor flvo days' service foil from
a chnlr nnd broke hor arm. . Sho ) ad
beon uiiuhlo to work since. SJn,
Mden, thn respondent's wife, snld Dw
lippllciiut wim engaged |eni|iornrlly as
a clmrwoiiiaii lo do odd work, .it \n
M a iln,*., It was nut peimuimnt work.
Tho judge hold tlmt there was n con-
trad  of service, and Mint  lhe nppll-
Clllll'H    eiuployiliellt     .-{llllll   lldt    lie   IC
gnnleil iih cai-unl lnbor.    He nwnrdi-d
lir-r 7h. lid. 11 wi'i'k cnnipi'imiitloii front
the date nf the mvldent.
Allegiiti'iiiM  nunliiHt   a doeioi*   were
iniiile f lm Iiim llm Ih-ih In*, ut Ch-ilieii-
j well of an application by a. workman,
J lli'iijiiihln Warhy, for mi iiwnnl und«r
1 llm Wiii-!:ineii,s ('(>i)ipi-iiMt(|fiii Act
I iil'iiiiiHt Mi's.'ii-h. I'IiiIhIuwi- and Co.,
I wliolr'Snle I'-iinfeciliiiii-rH, Klnr.'a Cro-it,
The Itii-.iii'iiiice eutiip.-iiiy, imiliiK for nm
• 'IIII'll>Vt-l-M, il nppi'iiri'il, ilei'il'i'il Mil ill*
Hpectluu Ol' Hie Woiklllllll by Ur, Collin
who In tlm Ileum (lllice rctiM'fe, une
ul   the  mcitl-'llt evillillliei'l'  III  Ml"   li-W-
dun County ('oiiimll, nml chief nindl-
ciil (ifllccr uf Mic Meiinpolliiiii Wnt'T
llniii'il Tlie witrlMinn'-*! ••nHe.tnf rr.
fimeil to allow liliii lo he exmuhmil
li> in. 1 iillu-, i-M'i'iil ul l hell* ullU ()
nml  iu  tln-ir pie: em e.
.ludl**'' Rruv \v«'t!' Iniu Mm «|Mt----i*<n
I whether Mint amounted to nu unrein*
Htrlku at  l    hCn mul m-eiiKe hint i-fi       .,       ...        ,    ,, . ,
, 1,1     .     r ,.i..n ,i.,i„u.  nuiibli*, refUHiil lo HiibniH lu oMimlua*
II-Iiikh   wllhout     foimilnllnn     pli'luiv |
ti ' in ,
)ll lllllll    in<>'l-,ll    .lllllll        ■'"       ■111".
lung 011 iibiiim, Their nuipo,-*'"- was
rlenr enough *o miybuily that tlmy'
v.Ihlmd to put 11 H»op to MiK, ineflliifc.
feeling tlmt If Mm worker*! In conn-
wised to cnndUlnns Mint thi'l-jiilsslons
would suffer nnd as "Helf, prcservn-
Hun l.» Dw tinxi lv>. <-f v.:Dw-" »h
Mnn   11 *.,tf>.-   fI	
Colonel Cat lieiii 1 Ocuip-'tcr, it r«>-
tired 1iiI*I1iiii offli-i<r'wnn fim-i| IOh nnd
cohIh at llrl«tnl for kissing Allco"
llucker, 1111 m-yearnld servmit girl,
Rafael Romeo, it blind lobiirronli-it,
inmiy yearn a resident of Cardiff,
died re-reiillv. Hired T7, He lind n
', Uliho I nidi', pi'limlpnlly itiiiuug work-
.... .. .1    1-    n„,,4f^..,' mi  h'<    .11 rn'.     'inn iiN.u,    niiiiiifK    wnin,-
Ii.   the brute  creation,  tbelr    nelr»,       mo|> nm, „ ^ rM(t]y ^
nre "(lily two., throng.    Jii--}  r-vl,   hn ^ ,.,,.,,„,,„„, ,,y ,„„„„„-, rolnB
oned without their Imut nnd were
♦ rented!to a tongue lushing thnl eer-
tjilnly must hnvo niadi- Mit-m feel
slieeplsh ns tho bltln**. words of
O'Urleu pierced Dwlr ItldeK.
Tho worklnnc men of both Old arid
:>uw Michel now kuov- Mi« undi-rhliiK
riituio athat aro lonponsihle for the
fri-iens Ihat wna brnufibt nbout by Mm
being giveii.
The dentil rate lit lllrtnlnpbam ef
tho wofXt ending Dw Oth of July wna
the low-pal on record, 8,8 per 1,00(1.
Mr. Theroas Wall. K. C. of IhiMln.
known nn Ihf Irlnh Mr. Wnwd+n, in
dead.,
The Tlnekley first folio flhakespearo
was recently sold for £2,000. **'/(*■'-''.' -U*
- *- .'."** -        ' ■
'-v..,.;-?' i*.1
-,-v..-?--
PAGE SIX
,. THE* DISTRICT,LEDGER,  FERNIE, B. C, AUGU8T 13, 1910t.
Mines Report.   Extension
Explosion Cf
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company the Big* Producer for
British Columbia.   Extension Mine Explosion and its Cause
W© are indebted, to the Provincial
Bureau of Slines for, a copy of the
. 1909 annual report.   This publication
is profusely illustrated with specimens
- of the photo-engraver's are, replete
with information regarding the raining
industries, metal and coal; it is, however, with'the latter*'commodity and
tho various by-prqducts interwoven
therewith that we, are most concerned. In addition to the reports
of various writers there, are also a
goodly number of well-executed maps.
We find under-the Head of "Coal".:
That the coal production of British
•Columbia tn 1909 was chiefly mined
by these* companies, the Wellington
Colliery company and the Western
Fuel company on Vancouver Island,
and the Crow's Nest Pass Coal company in East Kootenay—these companies producing about 88 per .cent
of the total coal mined.
Crow's Nest Pass District—136,406
tons coal sold    for    consumption in
Canada; 353,389 tons exported to the
United States; 205,391 tons coke sold
" in Canada; 40,978 tons coke exported.
W. F. Robertson, under the caption
of "The Rocky Mountain Coal Fields"
gives  short succinct* descriptions  of
* tho different coal camps throughout
- tho British Columbia portion of the
pass which include Coal Creek, Hosmer, Michel and Corbin and in addition refers to the undeveloped collieries of Michel and Elk Creek as
well as the Flathead. >""
The reports of the Extension Explosion furnished by Mr. James Ashworth:* Mr. James Shepheard and Mr.
W. F .Robertson cover 24, pages
while Mr. F. H. Shepheard3 has in addition thereto a supplementary report on this disaster.
Some of the salient features of* Mr.
Ash worth's report are:   •
The   Wellington   Colliery, company
did not produce any PLANS*OR EXPLANATORY  DRAWINGS.    That in
room  29  the finding, of -a shot-<hole
which was believed to have been shot
the day before because of the statement  Cosier,  the  fireman  made,  in
reality    HAD    BEEN    SHOT    THE
'.   MORNING OF THE EXPLOSION.
Microscopical examination   of* the
coal dust collected'shows plainly that
tt WAS AFFECTED BY CONSIDER-
- ABLE HEAT.
'. . The doctor (who examined Tho'mas"*
body certified that it was burned on
the  hands  and   that  the  man --died
from    carbon    monoxide    poisoning.
Why, he  should   be   burned   on   his
hands  only, seems a mysterious affair, BUT IT SHOWS THAT FLAME
WAS PRESENT AT THIS POINT.
' In No. 3 west level found not less
than   three   per" cent  of  fire  damp
mixed   with  the  ventilating  current.
A  Keserieh minern who    had    been
working  in  room ,,27   had  the  most
severe  burns  of  any  in  the  mine.
Farther  out-bye  a  heavy  "cavo"  of
roof coal had takon place.    The top
of this cavo wns coated WITH DUST
AFFECTED   BY, HEAT,   as   shown
under the microscope, and therefore
it had been deposited after the fall
took place.
The ignition and oxploslon of the
fire-damp brought down by the first
cavo was undoubtedly tho forco
whicli caused the mnln explosion and
burned the mon ln tho headings on
tho higher side of tho level from No.
20 to No. 20, and also 'caused tho
pressure, burning and porcusslvo of-,
focts demonstrated lii' those working
places,
In summing up his conclusions'aa
to the cauau of tho explosion Mr.
Ashworth says;
"Although tho first cnuso of this
oxploslon hns not boen positively ascertained/ yet It has boon demonstrated that IF FIRB DAMP HAD
NOT BEEN i, PRESENT THERE
WOULD HAVE BEEN NO EXPLOSION, becauso conl-dust look no
vory pronounced share In It. If; thoroforo, a shot fired ln No, 29 room on
No. 3 Wost level woro tho initial
causo, then It Is clour that tho VENTILATION WAS TOO SMALL IN
VOLUME to keep the nilno clenr ot
gas; but If tho fall of roof In No. 27
room of No. 2V. West lovol came
down without tho assistance of tho
dlsturbnnco caused by tho shot In
No. 29 room, then I should sny that
thin vory largo fall of roof conl,
which could not hnve boen foro-
Keen, brought down n largo volumo
of fire damp, and that tho explosion
originated at tlio opon light of thn
miner In No, 16, ns shown In thu
accompanying plan."
Tho nbovo are uxtrucls from a report sent from Fornio Novombor 1st,
but on the 18th of that month Mr.
Ashworth sent an additional ono con-
flonu-mt upon his having rocolvod in
tlio Interim a copy of tho plan prepared by W. .. Robertson, blue
prints of Messrs. Robertson nnd Shop-
beard's sketches, and also a copy of
tho vordlct of the Jury.
Alluding to too verilia ol (fie juty
liiMOi] vn tlie Jij-ju-jfjit •i-'vm-jji.'nij
Hint the fnll or cavo In No. 214 wr«t
level .took plnco under normal conditions and without the assistance of
nny disturbing influenco that It'1 Is
"Oulto -*lear that ther-" were other
and prior n)*iniffHf«tJorju of force pro-
coding thin rnvo." Thus thero wna
tho Hhot in Nn, 29 room of No. n
west level, which wan specially un-
rovnri'd by the coroner's order for
the jurymen to see, and the blowing
off the man Mtloa (No. 6 body* out
of bin boot." Referring to Mr. Shop-
heard'* written evidence that them
was no evidence of flame In No. il
level,
Mr. Ashworth aay*: "To tmy mind
th-»r* are moat Important TRACKS
OF KLAMB AT THIS POINT. First,
la tbe fact that tb* bifida of lho
miner Thomas WERE BURNED
UNTIL THE SKIN.HUNG ON'THEM
LIKE A GLOVE, and then the fact
that the, dust collected in No. 29
stall was coked."    _
The prominent features of Mr. F. K.
Shepheard's report are: "That upon
the exploration party proceeding along
in No. 3 level they found the atmosphere only, fair, but pushed on and
encountered several caves, and as we
drew nearer the slope the atinois-
phere - improved until it became
almost" pure when- we reached the
door.1 ° "
The mine was worked .with naked
lights, but the system prevailed of
giving each pair of miners * a safety-
lamp    for    precautionary    measures.
THE MINE WAS UNIVERSALLY
DAMP, , AND IN SOME PLACES
WET.
There was very little dust in evidence and lhe samples obtained were
mixed with-shale dust, as shown by
the high percentage of ash in the
analysis.
The following from the fireman's
report book on the day of the explosion Is put forth to show that the
mine was reported clear from explosive gas:
"The condition of the mlno-on the
morning of October 5th, 1909: Fireman's ; Report TlBook, 6:30 a. m.:
Barometer-29.9 inches; examined all
working- places, found all In good
condition.   -
(Signed)      "HUGH T. FULTON,"
" -"WILLIAM COSIER."" •
This report coupled with the' fact
that the men had. been at work in
their several places for something
near one , and one-half hours»before
the explosion took place "WOULD
SEEM TO ELIMINATE, THEREFORE, THE POSSIBILITY OR
PROBABILITY OF THE INITIAL
CAUSE BEING DUE TO THE
IGNITION OF A BODY OF STANDING GAS."     „     *
• In,concluding his remarks on "Details of Examination" Mr. Shepherd
reports: "There is no'evidence of a
blown-out shot or a shot badly placed
or'overcharged, and there is no evidenced ANY SHOT HAVING BEEN
FIRED IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING THE EXPLOSION."
Deductions and theory as to cause:
"Evidence would tend to show* that
upon' the morning of the explosion
there was approximately two per cent
of marsh-gas in the atmosphere of
No. 2 west mine * * * and evidence
would also show that there was no
body of standing or explosive- gas
_repor_ted._that7mornlng,_or_ moreTje*-.
cently than August 14th. The minute
examination of every working face
has shown that there remains no evi
dence OF A BLOWN-OUT, CHAMBERED, ■- OR BADLY PLANTED
SHOT, or that a dangerous explosive
was used in blasting, and there is no
evidence to support the theory that
ANY. SHOT HAD BEEN FIRED IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING THE EXPLOSION."   ,
Touching upon Mr. Ashworth's
theory relative to room 29, off No. 3
west level, that a badly planted shot
did exist which to have any bearing
upon the initial cause of the * explosion It would have to have been
fired immediately preceding tho explosion, Mr. Shepherd states as follows:
"A shot had been fired some time
that morning, .but had done Its work
woll. Thomns had' loaded two and
three-quarters cars, and about throo
cars of unloaded coal removed In the
face. * * * THERE IS NO EVIDENCE OF FORCE IN THE
VICINITY OF ROOM 29. THE
ANALYSIS OF TIIE SAMPLE OF
DUST TAKEN FROM ROOM 29
WOULD INDICATE THAT NO
AMOUNT OF HEAT OR COKING
OBTAINED IN THIS ROOM. THE
BACK OF THOMAS' HANDS WERE
SLIGHTLY BURNED according to
tho ovidoneo of Dr. Mullln. Tho
humid condition of the mlno could
undor tho sudden application of heat,
In tho absence of actunl flame, pro-
duco conditions such aB wero found
on somo of tho bodios, which woro
reported burnod but not singed.
' In a -supplementary report by F.
H. Shepheard covering tlio discovory
of a badly plnntod or partially blown-
our. shot In room 27, off No. 2'/_ wost
lovol, whoro Aleck Kosorlch waB
working: "Whilo nt the Extonslon
Mlno, on Juno 18th, I was verbally
notified by tho malinger, Mr. Thomas
RiiBsoll, thnt a now room Immediately Inside room 27, had holod Into
room 27 nenr tho faco, and had do-
vclopcd evidence of a bndly planted
nnd partially blown-out shot In tho
lofl-hnnd or westerly rib of that
room.
According to tho statomont of
Manuel Dulcourt, ono of thn minors
In the now room, nbout nlno Inches
of thu hole was cut off by him lu
forming his own ,rib. leaving by actunl measurement, two foot and sovon
Inchos of tho chnmborod holo Htlll
intact. Tho shot therefore, Is doscrlbod ns a partly 11LOWN-OUT
SHOT becauso a portion of tho
onorRy of tho shot hud boon ox-
m.-iKlu-'l in tins blasted portion.   Tho
CW.W-J.Vv3w.    L'l     HVJlf    Ot    <.Vi|.ltm,T„Ki,;|j
from n shot of this nature, whilo not
producing tho maximum effect, would
bo vory considerable, nml it Is very
probable that It caused tho cavo in
room 27. and this combined condition
might easily account for tho larger
cave In No. 214 wost level.
( nnt of tlin opinion, thoroforo, thnt
this shot supplies tho missing link
no-cdod to connect up tho theory
previously advnncod, that tho oxploslon wai duo to n wavo of compression reused prlclptilly by tbo
heavy cave In No. 2\. west level,
and that thl« cave was primarily
caused by the badly planted shot
her* referred to.
From lhe report by \V, F. Robert-
eon, Provincial Mineralogist, wo make
the followinf eitracta:
ii
UNBURN.
'    BtlSTlRS,
SORE   FEET.
Everybody
"The mine was not' a WET "mine,
in the sense of producing much
water, but the workings throughout
were very. DAMP. Seemingly prc-
,duced'' by the condensation,, of the1
moisture of the air * on the cooler
surfaces, which, when touched anywhere by the hand, were found to be
wet.        o ,      .     ■
"I am thoroughly satisfied by the
evidence fouad in each place that no
shot had been firea immediately preceding the explosion, and consequently, that the cause of the explosion
was.in no way connected, either directly ■ or indirectly, with shot firing.
I might * further say that the cloth
bratticing at the entrance of the
chute was less than eight feet from
the shot." a ,
Mr. Ashworth considered "blown
out," and that this bratticing wasun-.
injured, which it must have been by
a "blown-out. shot" of any magnitude.
The -- blistering found on Thomas'
hands was therefore more probably
caused by steam than by flame.
"The Indications are.that-"cave" fell
PRIOR to the explosion, as the timbers therein show no tendency to lall
ln one direction; and, in fact, many
have NOT fallen, the " coal falling
through and leaving them standing,
while on top of the "cave" the small
quantity of dust lodged there,on the
surface of the coal appears under* the
microscope and by analysis to be
somewhat coked. . j
. There is little doubt but that' the
"cave" was the DIRECT cause of the
explosion, but what started the "cave"
is. not so certain. As _i POSSIBLE
cause Mr. Robertson's' states, "that
seismograph In "the ,:.! meteorological
observatory at Victoria "showed and
recorded on the morning of the 5th
of October an abnormal change, due
to an unusual .* wave in . the earth's
surface. Whether this movement was
greater*or less at Extension than at
Victoria, there is * no information
nor - is. It- definitely known as', yet
whether a movement on the surface
would he felt with equal intensity so
deep underground."     ~     '
am Bug.
totalled 100 grains per gallon,- with
sludge-forming substances .less -than
three grains per gallon, and no scale-
forming substances present. '*. Under
these conditions no foaming or prim-,
ing occurred. " If, however"; such a
water is fed into a boiler'that*• is
much scaled, the scale begins to come
off the plates, and to disintegrate,
and while this, is taking place foaming occurs. When the boiler becomes
clean, however, no more trouble, is
experienced. This and other tests
have shown that the sodium salts in
themselves do not cause priming. The
concentration of the sodium salts
must, of course, be kept in check by
regular blowing out.—Science and Art
of Mining.
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard; Local General Teamsters No.
* 14*1;"-,. MeetB every ^Friday "night at
8 ,pjn; Miners''union". Kail.     A. L.
* Boles, President; William Long, Recording Secretary. .* -.--
Bartenders'* Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th' Sundays at :2.30 p.m. Secre-
\ tary J. ;A: Goupill, Waldorf' Hotel. -
Gladstone Local No. 2314. U. M. W. A.
" Me9tsr2nd-and .4th *Saturday Miners
Union hall.--, D. Ile'es^Se*-*..        ■ -'•
.DRJvWAlQLUWORTH,. n. ^ s.
yj\    DENTIST. •".- ■•' .  s
■*c"   '=' .:'-'-."*.-   "''••'•*■ *. '  --,-    . y< '""*'-*■ "
7 Offi-s.: j6hnson-_8.ulki.eJ. B_6cfc. *
Houi-a. 12.1-6.   ,-.      ,7 --vt^n
rernie.
B. C.
Amalgamated Society- of." Carpenters
and.Joiners: Meets in the Miners'
Union Hall,    A. Ward,"'Secretary.
Typographical Union No. 555'. Meets
last Saturday in''each-month at'the
Ledger Office. A. J, Buckley, Secretary.      - >  „   *
Local Fernie No. 17 3. P. of C. Meets
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody, welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.   .
ALTITUDES.
 7, ■>
Following are the altitudes at
many of the chief points in East
Kootenay: Tochty 2964, Yahk 2817,
Aldrldge 3051, "Moyie, *'3046,, Cranbrook 3014, Fort Steele 2686,' Wardner 2430, * Jaffray 2700, Galloway
2874, Elko 3082, Fernie 3302, Hosmer
3447, Sparwood 3637. ,
SODIUM   SALTS   IN    BOILERS.
Although the days have.* passed
when , flitches of spoiled bacon—
bones and all—the carcases of pigs,
dogs, rabbits, and other animals were
put into steam boilers with the idea
of,,stopping corrosion, and although
the belief in such' remedies is now
numbered among the * - superstitions,
there yet remain some erroneous ideas
as to 'the cause of.^ certain effects
TOti^abIe~in~connection~with"'"boilersr
One of these is that foaming, * which
takes place under certain conditions,
and which is, of course, closely- connected ' with priming, Is directly
caused by sodium' salts ih the boiler.
Now; sodium salts being'soluble under
all conditions ln the boiler, ure--not
objectionable unless as "Engineering"
says, owing to concentration, they
are present in very large quantities;
that is to say, they are not objectionable in themselves, as sodium salts.
In conjunction with other substances,
-however, they may cause trouble, but
this must be put down to the other
substances, which ought to bo re-
mov.ed as much as possible. The
sodium compound that is-looked upon
with the greatest suspicion appears
to be sodium carbonate (soda ash).
It has been noticed that foaming and
priming sometimes occur ln boilers
as soon ns water which has been
softened with lime and soda ash, or
with caustic soda, is used, and lt has
beon thought that tho ftoda treatment was tho solo cause of tho
trouble Experiments, howovor, show
that tho soda Itself Is not responsible, and tho Impurities In tho old
scale or substances introduced Into
the feed wator by exhaust sloam must
bo looked upon ns tho cause. Tho
design of tlio holler, too, may have
nn lnfluonco, tho proportion of the
spaeo and lho steam space,* as well
as Improper firing. Impurities In tho
wator may, In conjunction with sodium
salts, cause priming whon tho'. salts
aro concentrator! but it Is now" protty
cloarly oBtabllsbod that tho sodium
salts alono will not do this* Evidence to UiIh offoct is glvon by Mr.
J. C. William Clroth, assistant engineer, Pittsburg & Lalco Erlo Railroad
company, In a rocont numbor of tho
1 .'ocoodlngs of tho Engineers' Society of Wostorn Pennsylvania, In-
stnnco being glvon of a proporly
troatod nnd purlflod wator In which
sodium sulphnto, sodium chloride,
sodium nitrate, nnd sodium carbonate
Macon, Mo., has a young woman
coal miner, who is reported "as saying that she earns from $3 .to $4 a
day  and  likes  the  business; . *, *
Amalgamated Society Carpenters  and
,  Joiners:—Meet in Miners Hall'every
alternate Thursday at. 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
DR. J. BARBER, D^TIST
Office Henderson Block, Fernie'B.C
.   Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 6; fc to 8
Residence; 21 Vlotorja _£Vq
W. R. Ross K. C.
W.S.Lane
ROSS& LANe
Barristers.and So.|c5tors
Fernie, B'. C.
N
Canada.
L. P.. Eckstein
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. -> D. J. Evans,
President; F.H/Shaw, Secretary.,.,
Other bodies are requested to send In
"** their cards.
A RARE OPPORTUNITY
. P' -E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN A McTAqqart
BARRISTERS. SOLICI^ORg ETC
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
DEPARTMENT OF MINES.:
COAL   MINES   REGULATION   ACT
Notice of Examinations.
, Notice-is. hereby given'that-examinations will be held for first,-second
and third class Certificates of Com-,
petency under, the provisions of the
"Coal'   Mines    Regulation    Act"  at
Nanaimoi. Fernie,   Cumberland/ and
Merritt ,on. the 16th, 17th and 18th
days of August, 1910, commencing at
9 o'clock in the forenoon.'"  -
-.The subjects will be as follows:'
First.Class'Candidates—
Mining Act' and Special Rules.,
. Mine Gases. . 7 _ - _       * 7 .   .
Ventilation. ,',               -„      ■?
General. Work.                      ;
Mine' Machinery. -*      ■    ^   '
Surveying.,",.-.,.  '           ' .'
Second=tCiass~Candidate5=—-■ . ■ ,
Mining Act and Special Rules.   *
Mine Gases. .
Ventilation: ",*
General Work.
Third Class Candidates—
Mining Act and. Special Rules.
• Mine' Ga'ses and General Work.'
, Application -must be made to. the
undersigned not later than Monday,
August   8th, - 1910,*   accompanied by
the statutory fee, as^ follows:
By an applicant for' First Class Examination    * $10.00
By an applicant for Second Class Examination   ........,....' $10.00
By an applicant for Third Class Examination ."..'.  $5.00
The applications must be accompanied ,' by original testimonials and'
evidence stating that:  •
(a)—If a candidate for First Class,
that he Is a British subject and has
had'at least flvo. years' experience in
or about the practical working of a
coal mlno, nnd Is at least twenty-
five years of ago. \
(b)—If a candldnto for Second
Class, that hojias hnd at least flvo
yenrs ln or about the practical
working of a conl mlno.
(c)—If a candidate for Third Class
that ho has had at least threo years'
experience In or nbout tho practical
working of a coal mlno.
(d)—A candidate for a Certificate
of Competency as Manager, Overman, Shiftboss, Firoboss, or Shotllghtor shall produco a cortlflcato
from a, medical practlctlonor, duly
qualified to prnctlco as such ln tho
Provlnco of British Columbia, showing thnt ho has takon' a courso.. In
nmbulanco work fitting him, tho said
candldnto, to glvo first nld to persons Injured In conl mining operations,
By ordor of tho Board.
FRANCIS H. SHBPHBARD,
Socrotary.
Nanaimo, B. 13., July Cth, 1010.
52 3t
GOOD READING AT SMALL COST-
ADVANTAGEOUS CLUB-.      .
BING RATES
Every man connected-with mining,
whether he is a laborer, superintendent, manager, mining engineer or owner, is Interested- in securing Ideas that
will' save him' time and make' more
money for hlm . ■
An organization has. been built up
at a big'expenditure that Is,scouring
the mining world for money making,
money saving ideas.
The problems that one man -has
failed to solve another man somewhere
has solved/and it is the work of this
organization to search out mining problems and" their solutions, .to classify,
arrange and simplify them. -..
Think what this means—it means
that now it Is possible for any man
to. secure the .'Ideas, the schemes, the
very working;.plans that,are-building
mining; successes ey ery where.
Mines and Miners Is so well known
to-everymanager, superintendent aiid
coal^i_Eg^^Iciar.batlt.Is not IT?
cessary to make any explanation of its
merit for .their, benefit.'.''There are
many, ;howeyer, "who are newcomers
in the country and as they very probably would like to get ideas regarding
matters dealing with the* mining industry, we can say; without fear of
contradiction that this publication is
the very best of Its'kind,       •■'. ."
We have made arrangements with
the publishers of this monthly tomake
some exceptionally advantageous clubbing,off ers: , ■' ,, .
Mines and Minerals one year..-. .$2.50
The District Ledger one year.... 1.00
Examination Questions for Certificates of Competency in Mining..3.50
$7.00
Combination price $5.50.
Mines' and Minerals, for ono year
12 big 132 pago issues, and   Tho
District Ledger'for ono year, 52
Issues, regular   prlco   for both,
$3.50,   for $3,00
Mines nnd Minerals, ono year..,.$2.50
Tho District Ledger ono yenr.... 1.00
Conl i>nd Metol Minors Pockot
book 3.00
$0.50
According to tho volco of Winnipeg
to hand a largo number of Socialists
havo sqcodod from tho Socialist party
ot Canada ond nro forming a Boparato
body undor tho titlo of Soolal Democratic Party claiming an thoir, ronson
for so doing that It was tbo Introduction of d Socialist candidate at tbo
Inst mlnuto thnt causod tho dofoat of
tho labor candidate who polled only
n fow votos Iobb than tho Consorvntlvo
oloctod. "A roso by any othor namo
would smell aB Bwoot," thoroforo why
object If ono who Ir rnoroly labolod
labor, but In reality Is a lib-Lab lo do
prlvod of tho pleasures of offlco?
The Greatest Triumph in Typewriter History
Remington
New Visible Models of the
TUAMft       **ft...       ^.fl.Af.1—        I..  —**.*.** I- I   t.   . M4.M4
HI.JI.   .ti.,,   oll/uclu  l*.tf* CuCiii.    ImC   uuiu
total of more labor, wore experience,
more accumulated' knowledge, and
greater resource than all other typewriters combined.
That is why these new Remingtons
have given such complete satisfaction
to typewriter users, and why their
sales have broken all records since
the invention ofthe writing machine.
Remington Typewriter Gommny
818 Ponder S t. Vin«n»cr R 0.
A,ox. |. Fishei
LAWE & FISHer
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C,
FERNIE
y    -;;-,,    j *' 7  ;*     ..     y - *> f  ,; -
tjjMBER GQ;
A. McDougall, Bfgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
- ' ,    ""   " •*   ' 7    '-    .-;*'.      -.■>"
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
W. A., CONN en.
Pioneer Builder and'C0ntractorof
Fernie  - / t!'
-1"   '        ^
ESTIMATES PTJR^I£3HBd
Queen's Hotel
RESTAURaNt
Under New, Manftgement
Excellent   Table and
~ all white help .
■^H__n_n___a *--
Additional Table for^
•  "28 More W|en    L
N"0:R7rH6RN"
7HOTE1.
Wm. EscHwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome" Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
BOYAL
MI EI,
FBRNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
.■".'■*>-
Everything; 7
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
1 ■
v -•
KING'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with  tho ijest Wlne8(
Liquors and Oig,lrs
DINING ROOM. IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop.
Loans
°" first claai
bu->lne8» and real
de"tln| property.
DROP  IN  AND Tn\i_K THE    '
MATTER   OVER   ty|TH   U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Croo & Moffatt
*^k*******rk******i^*j(A,A.A^i^
• t
SINGER
KWINO
MACHINE  CO
WM.     BA^Ton
Airent   remit   llMaj1
Pellatt    Ave,
North
■*¥¥¥¥¥¥*¥¥*¥¥¥¥*V_f¥Jf¥¥¥¥if \;
GEO.  BARTON
KHPRliSS   Tn/IHSFER
Draying
Fornltuw Moving a Specialty
WOOD OP ALU KIND8
Ijfidve Ordere Vlth "w, jr^y
rM*NK *■**•»
TOELFMNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Pornio's Leading Comniorciai
and Tourist House ''-'.
sf f. Wallace, Prop.
JOHN B.  WATSON
CHartered Accountant, Assignee, Llq.
uldator and Trustee; auditor to
tbe. Cities of Cal-jary and Fernie.
CALGARY, ALTA.
P. 0. Box 308
DEPEW, MacDONALD &
McLEAN GO., ltd.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND
CONTRACTORS
VICTORIA AVE.   ,        PERNIE B.C,
THE BOTTLE THAT'S-ALWAYR
CHOSEN.
In proforonco to othors Is tho ono
whooo Inbol boors our namo which in
a gunrantoa of both'purity and -fluidity.
WE DO NOT RETAIL WINS AND
LIQUORS.
but soil thom by tho cm*, to first clnss.
hotols, donlers, clubs, oto, Ask for
thom and you'll know why tho bout
Judgos profor thom.
THE POLLOCK WINE CO. LTD.
JU
Ledger Ads Pay
• 1
IgiiiiilTTi '.'-'?-*r-*.-?'.v;- *7*.<"-'..-*7'
_L  .-(■" _ ■> i    "    :.\ _ "■"
* ---":
. _   .      .V'.-" -.si.
=tF
- - '"sr -
~'i
f.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer.
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER" AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
THE  DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 13, 1910.
A. complete line of samples of
Fall Suitings and
rs.
'Worsteds, Serges
and Tweeds
Up:to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
J. C; KENNY
First Anniversary of Now Famous Strike Celebrated in
No Mean, Manner—Efforts of^^ Organized Labor
y ■   ' -, ',**     .-'"■' ° **■*.■',■ . -' ' '* *    .-'
Not   Without   Success  and   Ultimate
; Victory is Assured Shortly
Nowhere, in the Pass can be
' found ■      '-'-"     ••       - "    *   ; -
SUCH ta DISPLAY
it.
We have the best money
can-buy.of Beef, Pork, Mut-
(ton,-- Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL     *
Cattle Go.
' Phone 56
Fern i e^Fort Stee I a
lrewingfCo,H|i..
Bottled Goods a Specialty
^•W¥¥¥¥^Y¥*¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥-J
■t
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■t
t
i
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it
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ROMA HOTEL
Dining: Room and Beds under'
New Management.
i j *i\
First class table' board
Meals 25c. Meal tickets $5,00
BANQUET8 CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per day
R, Henderson,' Dining; Ronm Mur,
*******ick********^^ '•
..............
* Fernie Dairy
t
August „ the 10th marked the first
anniversary, of the Springhiil strike
In Nova Scotia and the event was'
celebrated by the holding of a mon-,
ster picnic where food forethought
as well as of material substances was
liberally dispensed and enjoyed,
Subject to indignities that evince a
savagery calculated to make one blush
when vainglorlously boasting of pres-
day civilization; treated to samples
of'justice (?) punctuated by the
shadow of the bayonet, served with
Injunction' issued by a judiciary, pliant
tools of' the interests whose dicta they
obey; misrepresented .by' a subservient press who bend the pregnant
hinges of the knee" at corporation's
behest these coal workers of Nova
Scotia have displayed a concrete evidence, of solidarity on the industrial
field, which if paralleled in the political . arena, ■ would quickly relegate
strikes with all its attendant-evils'to
the limbs'of the used-to-be. If prosperity, makes friends ■ and adversity
tries - them, surely this is the time
to ask those whose pre-election promises loudly.proclaimed their, determination'to serve faithfully the interests
of-- all classes ."What have * you - done
on behalf of- the credulous dupes who
accepted-your assertions'-and .by their
votes placed you* in** office? "The
.workers of Springhiil' like* their -fellows -of many other towns of-every
country under the sun*, are'only reap-
ing'-'what they, have*sown;'still their"
recent experiences will '-have ..more,
potent influence -J in" making -: them
understand the beneficence, of capitalism, than" tons of literature.   A' blow
._rnrn—*Q *nAl.na-_no"in ■*r«'jJll-.c|f/_%\ *«__ « _■_*»_.
"** w**i—»*—* jjuiiv-w£iJw.*i_c»—m-uvui _******:*. 10—Ot~~yi.cn
more effective thought/producer than
a! flood.-- of oratory- or a, volume df
logic, although sometimes-it'.requires
several, application's ; of"; Wood's dictionary to create a change-of thought.
; Jn order ,that' "our ^readers may be
informed'on'the situation iii-tlie'Nova
Scotiafrmining 'town we "will-glvo a
tre_vlew of events, of this "titantic
struggle for a few more "crumbs"
by the coal .diggers. '
This conflict Is by no means the
beginning of tho disputes between the
coal companies and .their workers as
thero was a nine, weeks' strike in
1890 about the .loading of .the boxes,
tho capacity of.' which "was gradually
Increased and the .miners -receiving
pay by the box-being systematically
robbed by theso practlcos. '. y
__ General Manager CowanB promised
lo .install scales within three months
and payment made by wolght, but
mauers lagged along and no definite
action taken. In 1803 a provisional
arrangement wns reached to this effect: Roprosontntlvos of both partlos
went Into tho mlno and loaded a numbor of boxes wator lovol full. Thoso
woro spoclally" markod and their condition notod on arrival at tho bank-
head whero tho quostion of shrinkage
was settlod. To decldo upon this
tho boxes wero measured and,an
average shrinkage of six Inches accoptod by both partlos. This 1893
arrangement was to bo meroly temporary pending tho Installation of.
wolgh scaloB. Mr, Cowans, tho chronic
promise maker and' equally chronic
promlso broak'or, stating that wolgh
HcnloH Hhould bo sot up with tho lonst
poHslblo dolay, Yonrs rollod on niyl
llko conditions prevailed nnd thoso
robbors of tho poor and breakers of
tlio law mado no attompt to fulfil
tliolr agroomonts,
FRESH MILK,
dolivorod to all
parts of tho town
!
Sanders. A Verhneit Brothers.
Proprietors
!
xKikAi
■HO  VRAM*
BXPEMHNOK
a.
l«
Tfuoc Marks
_     DMIttNi
.....      CowtiaHT-iie.
tlttmne lamXlna a ik-ttfih -uidyiMerlMlon mtr
ulokir tiMrui-T ont opinion fr«r«b«lt*r an
oiuitrt(Hl»raa«Kir»OjlNDBMlfw
timi ft**, ifitaat U*txeylMf*immtJiUM\Uf
Vttmtamw^rotiitiJtma'pJ^ntMfe
rfiHaitutlu, wfth-iai eh*raa, m tne
Sctettdttc -jmm.
• _-.......,.,! mMU4UdWMtUirt UflMltiK
uy »el*Mlna Joan-nli   T«rmi fur
mieet,pwuhvr*paia.  BoUkf
Ledger Ads Pay
We say.breakers of the law and
also charge the government of Nova
Scotia with' being a party to the infraction as they refused to enforce
the provisions in the act which calls
for payment, by weight, and • that
they were cognizant of this is clearly proven by the complete Ignoring
of two petitions presented to the
commissioner, of mines requesting
that the law be carried out.
Finally scales were installed and,
although a committee repeatedly attempted to obtain an Interviews with
Czar Cowans with a view to the enforcement'of the law that payments
should be by weight HE WOULD
NOT DISCUSS IT and the only reply
was "Send your checkwelghman up to
check the weight! I WILL GIVE YOU
A STANDARD." If a_box contained
less than 1,650 pounds a miner was
docked for the deficiency,.but not'a
cent paid If .it were in excess, hence
the reason why the company was so
insistent uponHhe boxes being loaded
to; utmost carrying capacity can. be
easily understood. There was also
the cubit system adopted and 22 feet
of coal (In the solid) was estimated
to- be a box load and this resulted
In a- Board of Conciliation arriving at
a basis of 1,758.pounds for No. 2
slope; and 1,969" pounds for No/ 3, but
this did not satisfy, the management
and . "Cowans Standard"" was - the
basis upon which payment was made
of' 1,843 pounds for No. 2. and 2,009
pounds for No. 3. The lying "statements m'ade.,.bythis "grinder bf the
face,of the poor"\that it was only
a few agitators that*caused trouble.is
clearly demonstrated when it * is
taken into consideration that" a secret
ballot taken to ascertain* whether tho
Cowan* standard, should be ^accepted
or not was 357 to 9 'against it. -
"Bear-TIrr minOfiatTthe above* incidents'; transpired when the P. W. A.
was the" organization, making" the demands ■ and whicli. ""Mr.* Cowan, with
the aid of "Oily" -Moffatt/ resented
the" interference (?) of'the TJ. M. W.
A. 'and loudly' proclaimed' preference
io'„forelgn_(!)   bodies.,
These aggravating questions of
years standing seeming- no nearer
solution patience ceased to-be a
virtue and. It was determined to endeavor 'to bring matters to an issue
so a strike was- declared on August
10, 1909 and is still-in full force and
vigor. .
Every posslblo trick has been used
and proved abortive by the plug-uglies
and thugs to goad tho strikers Into
committing somo overt act whereby
an excuse for calling upon the uniformed automata   to • perform their
STAY   AWAY.
♦ Notice to All Mine Workers.
♦ All miners aro requostod - to
♦ stay nway from Irwin, Madison,
♦ Qroonsburg, Lntrobo nnd othor
♦ mining towns in Westmoreland
♦ county, whoro a striko lias boon
♦ in effect since April I, 1910, tho
♦ coal companies having refused
♦ to recognlzo   tho   minors' or-
♦ ganhation or enter Into n work-
♦ ing agreement,   Agents of tho
♦ conl corporations aro shipping
♦ mon from various parts of tho
♦ country to tako tho placo of tho
♦ strikers by mlsroproBontlng tlio
♦ truo condition of affairs,
♦ FRANCIS FEEHAN,
♦ ProBldont.
♦ T. DONOVAN,
♦ Soo'y-Troas,
List of Locals District 18
Corroded by District Socrotary up to Mny 1st, 1010,
NO,     ~   NAME
20 Ilnnkhoad
■181 llonvor Creok
■131 nollovuo
2103 Illatrmoro
*! 010      • lliirmls
1378 Cnnmoro
tin CnnX Cltv
2033 Coloman
2227 Cnrbondalo
2378 Cnrdlff
270 Cardiff
2877 Corbin
2178 Diamond City
1320 Edmonton        ,
2388 Edmonton
2314 Fornio
1203 Frank
2-107 Hosmor
1058 HIllcrORt
2S/S0 Kunmnro
674 Lothbrldgo
1333 LIIIc
282D Maplo Leaf
2334 Mlchol
303 Polico Mali.
2363 Paiaburg
2589 Roynl Collieries
2155 fltratbeona
IM Tahor
Wi Tuber
SEC. AND P. O. ADDRE8S
F. Whontloy, Nnnkliend, Alta.
N, McDonnell, llonvor Crook, via Plnclior
J, nurlco, HoIIi-i/iio, Frnnlc, Altn.
James Turnbull, Dlnlnnoro, Alln.
Win, Ashton, Burmis, Alia,
J, Noll, Canmoro, Alln.
T ' *n-»vn*loyj rVv-iV flty T. '"'T,'-M*fl
W. Ornham, Colomnn,  Altn,
O, M. Dnvlos, Cnrbondalo, Colemnn, Altn.
J. Aplln, Cardiff, Alta.
P, K. Bt. Amant. Cardiff, Alta.
Jas. Davis, Corbin, I). C,
Oeo, Dobson, Dlnmond City, f-ftthhrlilpn.
Rlclivrd Thompson, Froror Vlata, Kdmonton
M. Tlonlc, 434 Lorno St. Norwood, Edmonton
D. Ilcos, Fornio II, C.
O. Nicol, Prank, Attn.
J. Ayre. Hosmor, H. C„
J, O. Jones, Hlllcrout, Altn.
R. Evano, Kenmare, N. D.
Y.. Mooro, P. O. )18, tathbrldgo, Alia
W. L. Evans, LIUu, Fi'uuk, Alto.
M.   Oilday, Maplo Loaf. Hollevue, Altn.
M. nirrell, Michel. Tl. C.
Noll Duncan, P-usburR, Reltevuo, Alta,
Oscar Carlson. Paitburc, Alta.
Chta. 8mlth. Royal Coll., Uthbrld««, Alt_.
JL flhaw, Strathcona, Alta.
Wn. Rusaolt, Tabor, Alta.
US. Brown Tabor, Alta,
using
using
using
real function murdering their fellows
iri the sacred cause of property
could be supplied. With all of these
aggravations the police court records
furnish mute evidence that tho trouble'
breeders ,are aie so-called apostles of
law and order.
Company, Employes Convicted.
March lst—Conrad Tlmms, discharging firearms, fined $10.°
March 9th—John Mortimer, carrying
sheath  knife,  fined |20.
April   lst—Frank Letcher,  disturbing the peace, fined $4.     • ■      '    *
* April 1st—Ed   Letcher,, disturbing
the peace, fined $1. -      '
Jlay 17th—Dan Fitzpatrick, carry'ng
firearms, fined $15.
May 17th—Alex McDougall,- cai lying, firearms,-fined $10.   7
June ' 8th—Alfred   Shan,   Insulting
language, fined ?6V .
' June 16th—William .Murray,
obscene language,,fined $6.
June  16th—William  Millard,
insulting language,"fined $6.,
June   20th—Morris  Cottaine,
obscene language, fined $6.
July 13th—Pat Debay, carrying firearms, fined $12.
.   Miners and Citizens Convicted.
Dec. 15th—Xngus Mullay, for using
threatening words to a strike-breaker,
fined $15. *     .*
• April lst—Dayi-i* Witoheli, 'di.-'tiirb-
ing-the'peace,*fined,,?1.
April lst—J. Hennessy, disturbing
the peace, fined $1.
i. **-   ~ .   V  _
.. June-4th—Mrs. E: .Lonsberry, assault,'*'fined $20.
•June 6th—J. Heatherley, assault,
fined $4.   -.' "'
June 17th—Richard Young, drunk
and disorderly, fined $5.
—On^TuIy-14th-Jobin-T.-Lockiiari—a"
company policeman, ordered Elder-
man, an interpreter of the U: *M. W.
A. to move on, and not being sure
as * to whether or nof. he was on
public property he complied with the
request;" but this was not enough for
the "guardian of the law" who pounced
upon "the man ami brutally assaulted
him. This probably wuh ' part of a
preconceived scheme to furnish an
excuse for* a riot call judging by tho
horde of licensed thugs that were
quickly on the spot.
The sapient Solon John Hunter,
whon tho case was called on Monday,
August 2d, condemned Elderman to
pay the costs of court.
Somo of tho reports sent out by
the pross would lead ono to suppose,
If thoy woro given credonce*. to, that
a frightful state of affairs existed ln
Springhiil and some Individuals nro
quite Indignant that no law Is put
into effect that will compel tho
newspapers to coaBO* traducing the
working clnss or olso bo punished,
This is nonsensical as the. newspapers will always roprosont the Interests that dominate thom and as
tho workors foarful lost thoy "loso"
thoir voto by casting lt for a principle still continue to placo thoso in
offlco that laugh up thoir sleeve at
their easily dupod victims and show
tliolr contempt for thom whon trouble
arises, Workingmen so blind lo thoir
own wolfaro that thoy do not study
for themsolvos ought not to squoul
whon tho coraturo of their ow-i shortsightedness treats thorn with disdain,
yot thoso ropoatod slaps In tho faco
should somo day or othor opon their
oyos to tho roal situation.
Tho loud yollH of patriotism (I)
(tho last rofugo of tho scnundrol)
woro voelforously proclalmod whon
tho company wished to cast odium
upon tho'mombors of tlio U, M. W, A.
und condemn tho nrgauhntlon bo-
cniiHo It was "forolRii", but whon thoy
found lliolr efforts woro futllo to pro-
euro Elliot homes ou UiIh continent
thoy, did not liOHltato to nt tempt., to
doludo Homo of tlin "uiiomployod" In
0roilt Britain to cnmo ovor lo roplucu
tho "rob'-lH," but thoir i-ffoils worn
rendered practically nugatory by tho
action of .Tamos Douglas, a former
resident of Mlchol, 11. C, ami an old-
tlmo memb.'r of thn U. M, W, A.
calling upon Kolr Hardie, M. P. nnd
iiiBO puiiiisiiuiK mo into*million broad-
L.-iJii   Vntiiiihlimii.   tim   i'lW'llvii   ivill^dUlll
an to Dw true purposu for which thoso
mon u'er-** roqulrod.
Thn Intcruntlnunl Rcrrctnrlnt of lho
Rorlnllst pnrty nt RriinuolH, RelKlum,
•tlAr  rtlMl  illUfl'tlnU  Ul   H|i3  -l-AiMt-lU U  111
a strike, but nlns not In timo ito pro-
vont some unfortunates giving ear to
tho spoclnuH promises of tho ngentu
of the shipping companion, but theso
showed thdr conscloiunosn of class
whon, upon nrrlvnl and finding tho
truo stato of affairs, thoy decided to
mul thoir Itxt with tho "strlkoro, Tho
(lormunn also who had boon tho victims of misrepresentation vory probably would havo been tavod tbo ox-
pontes and Inconvenience tbey auf-
fer-txl *« a r**uU of the patriotic (!)
rompany'a nt-cnl* binnAlehmanta and
false statements had tbo rolneworkers
put asldo thoir insular prejudice* and
followed the example of their masters
who, wisely, when it suits their purpose, ignore all national boundaries
in their search for the means to gain
their ends, therefore the workers are
morally responsible for the discomfort
and annoyance caused "which might
have been prevented had they "been
as fully alive to theii; own welfare
as the capitalist is by informing
"Vorwaerts" of Berlin, Germany, the
daily organ of the "vaterlandlos" in
Kaiser Wilhelm's domain.
:*In view of these circumstances.it
is the acme of stupidity to persist in
clamoring against the "foreigner" and
should certainly -convince the most
skeptical and hide-bound loyalist that
as capitalism' recognizes neither
nationality, creed nor color, neither
should the proletariat, but instead
should make every possible use of
labor's press throughout the whole
universe.
Men of Nova' Scotia, you, like
your co-workers everywhere, have
been the creators of tlie .means
whereby you • may be brought into
subjection and If the lesson this
struggle has taught, dearly bought
though it may be,, convince, you of
the truth then it has not beon In
vain, but on the contrary there.Is
hope for the future and. you will p.o
forward with a fixed and firm de
termination to capture the reins of
government and use them for the
emancipation of society from 'tho
thraldom of wage slavery.
PAGE SEVEN
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Paid-up Capital. $10,000,000     Reserve, $6,000,000
DRAFTS ON  FOREIGN  COUNTRIES
strike;
The employes of the Cumberland
Railway and Coal Company, Spring-
hill, Nova Scotia; numbering about
1,600, came out on strike on August
10th, 1909, after several years of effort in an endeavor to have grievances adjusted. *
, The Men Are Fighting For
Recognition of their union, a branch
of The United * Mine . Workers of
America; the establishment of a Wage
Scale Agreement; payment for the
coal mined, by the ton, instead of by
the car, as hitherto; the adoption of
a fair docking system.
The operators have made a determined* fight against The United
Mine Workers of America, simply because they know it is a powerful or-
ganization,*. and will guard the interests of mine employes. The company
at Springhiil have, tried for .several
months to import men to worlc the
mines, but without success.
Tho men on strike are as firm and
as determined today as they were,, at
the beginning, to remain idle unlil
the company consented to do business
Arrangements have
''   of this Bank
Austria-Haaguy
Belgium
Brazil
* Bulgaria
Ceylon
China
Crete
Denmark
Egypt
Faroe Islands
recently been completed under which the branches
are able to Issue Drafts on the principal points
. In the following countries':'
Finland Ireland
Formosa , ludy ' .
France Japan
F.ch Cochin-China Java
Manchuria
Mexico
Norway
Persia   .
Phillipine Islands
Roumania
Germany
Great Britain
Greece
Holland
Iceland
India
Russia
Servia
Siam
South Africa
Straits Settiemeats
Sweden
Switzerland   >
Turkey
West Indies        r/*
and elsewhere
NO   DELAY  IN   ISSUING.        FULL  PARTIC0LAR8   ON   APPLICATISM
L. A. S.  DACK, Manager. Fernie.'
ib~arbusiness manner.
We appeal to workingmen everywhere, to coal  miners  especially, to
Stay Away '
and help us win this fight.
Do not be deceived by employment
agents. Official notice will be given
when the strike ends.
For'information .-write" to" William
Watkins, secretary Local Union No,
469, U, M. W. of A., Springhiil, N. S.
May, 1910.
PLUS  DE  CONTRATS  DE  PRISON.
Apres   Le   1er   Septembre,   on   N'en
Accordera Plus Dans'Ontario.
Do you save?
A time will como when,your finiin-
cial resources will be strained to
meet some unexpected demand. Will
you have to suffer for the consequences, or will you be in a position
to turn to your bank account for aid?
Deposit j-;our savings in 'the Bank
ot Hamilton now, and when the day
of emergency comes you will be pre-'*
pared.
J. R. LAWRY, Agent
FERNIE
HEAD OFFICE
HAMILTON
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO ■
Capital Authorised ... .$10,000,000.00. ..Capital Subscribed'.... $5,575 000
Capital   Paid  Up   ......$5,330,000.00    Reserve  Fund      $5i330000
D. R. WILK1E, President       .'HON. ROBT JAFFRAY,' Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead,.Cranbrook,  Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke,-Vancouver and Victoria.
.     , SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
of Canada
Head 8 King St.
TORONTO
Office West
TORONTO, 3—L'hon. W. J. Hnnnn,
secretaire provincial, a annonco heir
riu'apres lo ler du mols pronhnln, ll
n'y nurnit plus do contrat pour Io travail dnns los prisons ontro des societes
prlveos et* lo gouvomomoiit il'Ontnrlo.
Lo contrat avec la Taylor Scott
Woodonwnro est lo houI survlvnnt d'u-
no longuo llsto ot commo ll expire lo
lor septombre, 11 no Born pas ronouvo-
lo.
Cost l'olabllBBemont n Guolpli du
nouvonu penltoncior, ftgrlcolo qui a pro-
vonuo cotto coBure, Sur les 400 homines qui sont n la prison contrnlo tic-
tuollomcnt, 150 soront onvoyos a
Guolph ou on Iob emplolora a la construction et au travail general de forme On omplolera ognlomonl uno con-
tnlno d'hommes dnns Io nord pour on-
vrlr uoh routoB ot falro d'autroK travail* do colonlflntlon.   ■■>
SlioemakerUepairer
WcKt mull .-IuIh mily ii.nimI
nml Hl'Ht uIiinn work-
IimllHllI]) OIIHIII'CH
A Good Job
JOE FALVO     How Ponn Block
QUARTERLY   DIVIDEND
Notice is hereby given that a Dividend at the rate of SIX PER
CENT, per annum upon the paid up Capital Stock of The Home
Bank of Canada has been declared for the THREE MONTHS
ending August 31st, 1910, and the same will be payable at the
Head Office and Branches on and after Thursday, September lst
next. ■ „,
The. Transfer Books will be closed from the 17th to 31st of
August, 1910, both days inclusive.
By Ordor of tho Board JAMES MASON,    •
Toronto, July 31st, 1910. Oonoral Manager.
JOHN ADAIR, Managor Fornio Branch.
6-10 ncroH more or Ichs.   Locatod this
2Dth dny of June, 1010.
MINN JOSS, Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Andoraon, WItnoBB,
Notico la hereby given that thirty
days aftor dnto I, Horbort Jobb, lntond
to npply to tho Hon, Chief CommlB-
Hlonor of LnndB nnd Worlis for a
IlconBo lo,prospoct for coul nnd potroloum on tho following descrlbo-l
lands: Commonclng at a poBt plnntod
eighty chains Nortli and eighty chains
hast of tho northwest corner of tho
Minn Joss claim, thence North eighty
ctintnn, thonco Wcat nighty cIiiiIiih,
thonco Bouth eighty chains, thenco
hast eighty clmlm* to plnco of eommoncomont, containing fllo ncroH moro
or Iobh. Located UiIh snth dny of
Juno, 1010,
UKRniCIlT JOSS, Locator.
ANDY HOOD, Agont.
John AndorBon, Witness,
lnmlB* Commencing at a post planted
nt tho northwest corner of tho Frank
Haley claim, thonco Norlh eighty
chnliiK, thonco KtiHt olghty "chnlnH,
thonco South eighty chainB. tlionco
WoHt olghty chains 1o placo or eommoncomont, containing 040 acros moro
or Iohb. Locntod (IiIb 2[>th day of
Juno, 1910,
AGNRB ANDERSON, Locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John AndorHon, WltnoBn,
APPLICATION FOR A LICENSE
UNDER THE COAL
MINES' AGT
Notice Ih Imrchy given thnl .'10 dnyt
after (Into, r, John Pigeon, Intend to
apply lo Mm Hon. Chief CommlBuloner
of LnndB nnd WorkH for n llrmm-i to
r,,'i,ii,-,r , I     f 1 . ,.
« * •"      '    '-•     ■•»•>«     |K,ilUll,UUI    OK
tho following ilfRr-rilir .1 itinilM* Com
iiii-ncing nt u pom planted ihroo mlli'H
mid fifty ilutitiH Houth, and KiiBt one
milo from tlio 8. K. rorru-r of lot M-M.
bolng thirty ir-tinlnn North of Iho Kvn
Johb, H. K. comer poHt, thonoo nighty
■j'hnliiK Kiijit, tlienc-*. eighty t-lininni
**>i*m*ui, uujjitw I'lgiiiy rtiH-ini Went,
thenco eighty chnlns North to plnco
of ■rommcncunc'iit containing Cio acres
moro or lcn», located UiIh 25th day of
June, 1910,
JOHN PIGEON, locator.
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Andernon, Wit nous.  <
Notice Ih hrr-Miy Riven that I, Minn
Johh. thirty ilftyn nMor dato Intend to
apply to tho Hon. Chief CommUaloncr
of I-anrlB and Works for a llcenrto to
prospw-t for to*} and petroleum on tho
followta* diwrlbod land**: Commrn-
tfnf at n post planted al tho north-
"*«t eorBW of the Jobn Pigeon claim.
thenr* rtortb fitihty - rhnlnn, thtxtxeo
TSut eight chalni. thouco South eluhtj-
ehalna, ibeneo V-'-Ht i>lnhty ehalna to
place of commencement, contafnlnic
Notico Ih luiniby given that thirty
dnyH aflor dnln |, ijllcu llnlnv, Intcin'l
to apply to tho Hon. Chief CanimlH-
Blnntir of LiukIh ami World, for a
llceiiKi! to proHp.-ft for <-onl umi pn.
troleum on tho following dcHcrlhcil
ImkIh: Comineiicliig nt n i»ohI pliuiliil
at Mn' HmitlieiiHl rornor of the Herb
.Iobb rlnlm, thenio i.ln(ily cIiiiIiih
WuHt, thiMiee eighty chnliiH Houth,
tlmiiro eighty clinlim ICriHt, l|n«uce
eighty (-linlnu North to placu of coin-
nieiu-einciil, coiilaliiliig 01 it ncn-H morn
or Ii'hh. Localeil Ihiu «r.(h day of
June, HMO.
VI 1 IA'   Hit 1.'V    T nf»l(r
ANDY OOOD. Agent.
•I.liiit   Aihivi nxlLi,   UllllfMS,
Not!<e in hti'.i-hy glit-n that thirty
dnys after dnto I, Frank Haley, Intend
to apply to the Hon, Chief Commtn-
•■Inner   nf   T liii-li-     nml     11'^.lf.,   Ir..   .
llccnnii lo (iroitpei't for coal and i>.
trolouro on   tlm   following dem^lhed
InndH:   Commentltig at a pont planted
nt tho tiortheriHt comer of lho Ullen
llnley   dalm,   thence   Houth   eighty
ehalna,   thenro   Knut   eighty   chains,
thenco   North   -nighty   rhnlna. Ilirnto
Wont, flffhly rhnlna to plni-e nt rom '
mcnt'cment. cmitaltilng fi.o acien moro".
or  lo*a,    located  thin  2Mh  dny   ofi
June, iaio. ;
PiUNK IIAI.KV, iMator.
ANDY OOOD. AKent.
John Andcmon, Wiineaa.
Notice Ib hereby given that thirty
dnys aflor dnto I, Thomas Amlt-moii,
Intend to apply to tho Hon. Chief Com-
mlHHlonor of I.andH nnd Worloi for n
llcuiiKii lo proBpuct for conl and po-
Irolenm on the following f|<>Hcrll>ed
IiiihIh: Commencing at a poHt. planicd
at hniitlii'iiHt corner of the Agnon
Andei-Bon claim, thonco North eighty
I'liuliiH, tlieiini Knat eighty chnliiH,
llienno Houth, highly cIiiiIiim, thenco
West olglily fluiliiH to plnee of com-
mem-emenl, coninlnliig din ucreB moro
or Ichh, I.ocnted thin a.ltli day of
June, HMO,
TIIOMAK ANDKIWON, Iwx-ator.
ANDY COOP, Agent.
John AnderHon, WIIiic-hh.
Notice Ih hereby given Hint thirty
dnyH after dale I, Adam AtideiHon,
Intend lo apply to the Hon. Chief
f'ommlHHloner of LnndH nnd WorkH tor
n Ib'onnn to proHpeef for i-nnl nnd piv
(roleiiin on (lie following diwrlbi'i!
ItniilB*. Commencing ul a post planted
at thu Howl Invent corner of the ThomiiH
.ttiiK-lnuli   < 1,11111,: llll-lll f   M,111||   clgliiy
clinln".   D'.i'W'i'     V.."t      il'.-li';,'   rlililli!.:
thetiri" North eighty rhnltiH. thenco
Wi'Ht eighty rlmliiH to place of com-
tpencom-i'iit, rontaliiinK CIO .'tins moro
or leHB, Locnted this 2.1th day of
Juno  1010.
AkiA;.'  ji.NiUf^.trtMi.S, 1 An .1101,
ANDY GOOD, Agent.
John Anilernon, WKui'hh.
^—r-. -mmn,,v.mi, 1M*_H>
Notico Is horoby Eiven that thirty
daya attar date |, Agne« Andcrnoti,
fntciut to apuly to the Woo. U-M
CommlaalMtor of Undt and Worka for
a llwnae fo proapect for coal And p».
troleum on   tbo   foUowIng deKrlked
Notico Ih hereby given tliht thirty
dnya nftor date T, Willinm McKechliio,
Intend to apply io tho Hon. Chief
("ommU-loner ot [.and-.-* and WovVt* (or
a llwnao to proBpect for ooal and petroleum on the followlnif <]e<-rrllw,1
lundit: t'oinmeiiflitR at n pout plnntul
nt or about 200 feot North of tho
northwf.*it rornor of lot 1C-3.1. thenr-a
North tdghty clmlnu, thenr-P Kant
cluhly dialna. thenc. South elisht3
clinlna, thenco Weil olnhly chalni to
plar. of commencement. l>ocat«d thin
21th dny ot Jun.', !!U0,
WILLIAM M KKCHINy, Locator.
ANDY GOOD. ArimiI.
John And-srion, WUncta.
• -j ?    -.
^i'' PAGE EIGHT
THE. DISTRICT, LEDGER,  FERNIE, B. C,--AUGUST-13, .1910.-. ' ■•...,
HERE AND THERE
Vote for the by-laws on the 15th.
Air. and Mrs.-'J." B." Turney have returned from their vacation and report
having had  a. very enjoyable  trip.
Plenty of time to cast your vote
next Monday as the poll is open from
10 in the morning until 8 at night.
Miss Leader's singing was greatly
enjoyo'.! by those who attended the
Baptist church last Sunday evening.
R. B. Buchanan, manager of the
Eastern Township's Bank ati Coleman, was a Fernie visitor this week.
Will Philip W. Lackey please write
his sisters. Address Care,, P.; W.
Hogg, Box 132 Lethbridge, Alta'. 3t-p
.President Powell left, Pernie on
Tuesday. Bankhead, Canmore, etc.,
are Oi,i his itinerary and will be visited shortly.
Remember that the date for casting
your vote for the fire-alarm system
and , the installation' of * sanitary
sewerage is August the 15th—that's
next Monday.
The prize drawing for, the summer
*- house „under the auspices of the U.
B. of C. & J. will take place Tuesday, August 16th, in the lodge room
over J. Aiello's store at 9 o'clock.
A club of moro than 50. men and
women living in Blaine, Wash., who
were formerly residents in Iceland
where women vote, have' organized
two equal suffrage clubs, and th« two
have been united to work for the
suffrage amendment that will be voted
on in Washington at the November
election^
The moving picture shows are well
attended these nights, everybody buying a ticket, with'the full expectation
of winning a prize and yet they cannot feel much disappointed as they
get .full value for thoir money win
or lose—but get a good deal more if
they are lucky enough to hold the
tickets that are picked out of' the
box'.
"Agatha or'the Lost'Child of the
Manor" is the name of the book the
Fernie Male Voice Party is going to
got up and an invitation is given to
those sopranos and contraltos wishing
to take part in a book of this kind.
A pleasant time" is assured to all attending-the practices. Next practice
on Sunday afternoon at ■_ p. m., at
Bruce's hall. A good muster is expected.
The Montana Lookout, printed in
Helena commenting on the report of
Mr. Welch, who had been induced by
. specious advertising of rich agricultural lands that could be had for • a
trifle' in northwestern British Colum-
• bia,"practically states in brief why go
away to be victimized when it can
be as scientifically accomplished right
here in our own state. °
-A*_dy__M.orris LhG__p__miRc_ial__o_n_
*, stable at Michel, captured, the individual who made his escape* from the
Fernie gaol during Jailer Johnston's
absence. This man McKinnon was
sent up for trial for forging a check
on John Breckenridge, He ic' back
in his old quarters and will he caro*
fully guarded io prevent rep.il ion of
his experience.
Secretary A. J. Carter left,on Friday morning's train for the Coast,
where he will meet. George Ueathcr-
ton president of the W. P. of M. at
Greenwood and with whom ho will
discuss the several matters affecting
both tho W. P. of M, and the IJ. M,
W. of A. During the nbsonco of Mr.
Carter Mr. Clem - Stubbs, the vice
president, will attend' to Uio affairs
of  tho  secretary's  office,
All  that was mortal .of tho little
daughter of Mr.    nnd    Mrs.    Joseph
Lyons was burled Inst Saturday night.
Tho body of thin  unfortunate  child,
whose donth    by    drowning sovornl
wooI.h   ngo,   was  duly  chronicled   In
Mils paper wns, Bl rango to say, discovered by tlio hiiiiio man who saved
the other sister,    Ho wns In search
or n  lost   peevi-'o, nml  owing to the
Khallowni-KH  of  tho  wntor,   observed
some object caugiit In the roots of a
tree stump, which on further Investigation, turned out to bo tho
of the littlo girl,
The convontlon of the members of
Dw aikriiiiuiln   Koclnllm    party   W|||
A .workers' society of the Ukrain-
airi residents of Cranbrook has been
formed with J. Gootik 'as. secretary
to whom all communications should
be addressed.   P. O. 135.*.
The Ladies' Guild of Christ church
intend giving a dance at Bruce's
hall or Thursday evening, August
18th. Tickets may be obtained at any
of the drug stores or at the entrance.
The long spell of "hot air" is playing the mischief with the "hot air"
artists whose specialty is the boosting of farm lands which are at present mostly under the category of. "arid
wastes."
'There ''will be services in the
Baptist .church next Sunday at 11 '
a. m."and 7:30 p. m. The evening
subject will be "The Fellow, Who Has
a Hard Time." Mr. Spidell will also
sing "Can a Boy'Forget His Mother."
Owing to a misunderstanding the
degree "team and members' of the Spokane lodge of the Dramatic Order of
Khorassin (I). O. K. K.) will not be
able to appear as scheduled, but the
exact date will be given in our next
issue. K,n P.'s please take due note.
* The Workingmen's club in the
Minors' Union hall is offering for a
short time only a reduced fee at $1
for membership, including all privileges connected-, therewith, billiard
and'athletic rooms and.,reading home
and library All men regardless of
.their trade are eligible to. join now.
The production of that beautiful
fraternal play, "David and Jonathan"
at the I, 0, O. P. hall Thursday
evening by Mr. Newton Beers was
presented to a fair sized and appreciative audience. The work
throughout was of a high order and
shows this gentleman in a class by
himself.'
Mr. Robert Fairclougii, lessee of
the new boarding house at Coal Creek
has all arrangements made so far as
the various departments are concerned. The house only lacks a name and
for the purpose of obtaining this he
offers a prize of $5.00, to be given to
the one that is- most appropriate.
There are no conditions attached, but
this is a bonafide'and absolute gift
so would urge our readers to puzzle
out a name which will bring Ihem
the needed V. AU letters to be in tho
hands of The District Ledger by
August 18th.   Get busy boys and girls.
Kamloops is to have a Provincial
Industrial exhibition September 28,
29 and 30, where it is to be expected
there will be some splendid specimens
of British Columbia's products. There
is one feature about this town that
should commend itself by virtue of
its central location and .that is its desirability for furnishing 'a site for the
Provincial College. The growing town
on the Thompson river possesses
climatic conditions that are unrivaled,
the cost of living will compare favorably with other towns and being
about, equi-distant from the western
portion of the province to its eastern
aires—It—so—much—more*
corpBo
TOUCHANT   LE   CAS   DECOUX.
Consulat. Genera. Be Belgique:
. "Ottawa, '5 aout, 1910.''
Monsieur—Des la reception de
votre lettre en' date du 23 -. juillet
dernier, je me suis mis en communication avec le Ministre de la^ Justice
Dominion. Celui ci m'a repondu a la
date du 30 juillett qu'il transmettait
mon rapport sur l'affaire au Procur-
eur General de la province- d'Alberta
a    " u'information.
D'antre part je' viens de teleg-
raphler au 'Consul de Belgique a
Calgary pour le prier d'intervenir sans
delai-et energiquement pour obtenir
tout au moins la mise en liberte
provisoire de Decoux.
J'espere que celui ci pourra se
justifier entierement de l'accusation
dont il est l'object. Veuillez agreer,
Monsieur, les assurances de ma consideration dlstinguee.
Le Vice Consul do Beligique gerant
le Consulat General: ' '*•
. •> "• De Wouters d'Oflinter.
J. W. Bennett, Esq.,* P. O. 5, Fernie.
Thfe Store of Good Values
Limited
BOUT September 1st we open our Dress-making Department under the supervision; of Mrs.
• Davy, formerly in charge of one of the,best establishments in St.'Louis, Mo. ■ Mrs; Davy
comes to lis very highly recommended and with an efficient corps bf Seamstresses will place
, us in a position to offer you a satisfactory, up-to-date, and, prompt service. In anticipation
of the opening of our Dress-making.Department, our purchase of Dress Fabrics, Silks,: Emhroideries,
Trimmings, etc., have been more "extensive than ever before, ensuring you a wide and varied choice
of the newest and most favored materials ':    "
Translation. \
Consul. General de Belgique
■Ottawa, 5th Aug., 1910. •■
Sir—Since the receipt of your letter
dated July 23d last, 1 have placed myself in communication with the Minister of Justice of tbe Dominion from
whom I have received reply dated
July 30 stating that ho was forwarding my report on the affair to the
attbrney-general' of the Province of
Alberta for attention. Moreover I
havo telegraphed to the Belgian Consul at Calgary requesting that he
make an early and energetic intervention to the end that Decoux may at
least be given provisory liberty.
I trust that Decoux may be able to
clear himself absolutely of the accusation with which he is charged.
'   Accept, sir, my best regards.
Vice   Consule  of   Belgium repre-
sentinb the General Consulate. „
(Signed)        De Wouters d'Oflinter
• Ottawa, 5 aout, 1910.
■•Monsieur—Des la .reception de
votre lettre en date du 23 'juillet
dernier, je me suis mis en communication avec le Ministre de la Justice
Dominion. Celui ci m'a repondu a la
date du 30 juillet qu'il transmettait
mon rapport sur l'affaire au Procur-
eur General de la province d'Alberta
a fin d'information.
D'autre part je viens de teleg-
raphier au Consul de Belgique a
Calgary pour le prier d'intervenir sans
detal et energiquement pour^ obtenir
tout au moins la mise eh liberte
provisoire de Decoux.,
J'espere que celui ci pourra se
justifier entierement de l'accusation
dont il est l'objet. Veuillez - agreer,
Monsieur, les assurances de ma con-'
sideration dlstinguee.
Le Vice Consul de Beligique gerant
le Consulat General:
De Wouters d'Oflinter.
convenient for those • who would at-
On Tuesday morning lieutenant-
general R. S. Baden-Powell" was a
passenger westbound en route to
Vancouver via Nelson for the purpose of boosting the scout movement
so that to "loot" scientifically and become imbued with the spirit so essential to the continuanco of militarism will be furthered,
A. Latham Collins of the Calgary
Horald whose father, Colonel J: A.
Collins, was n colleague of the Mafe-
king defender, introduced Frontiersman 12. N. C. Lynn, who boarded the
train and proceeded as far as Elko
with Ti. P. in order to interview him
with reference to the establishment
of a corps of frontiersmen in this
district and was promised that upon
nrrlvnl in Vnncouvor the necessary
Btntlonory would bo forwarded. The
lleutonaiit-gonornl will proceed to
Toronto from Vancouver and Is to be
tho guest of honor nt tho forthcoming exhibition In tho eastoni city,
lend.
BUSINESS LOCALS
WANTED CAUPWNTI311S — Good
cnrpontL-TH wnntod at IlillcroHt Mlnou,
Altn. Apply W. D. Mnelonn. $ f.00
per day; 9 hours. ltp
Ono or two furnished rooms.   Apply
hold a convention al N.liiio'iilon", Alia., 1 ,-(!,'W Office.   V. A. 52 Itt
on tho 'i'id of thin month, hoKinnliiK   * I*l«t«ro   framing  dono   ncntly  and
at 10 o'clock at 532 Klmlsteno avonuo.
Delegates from lho various locals aro
from Winnipeg: Mlko UuhlnckeHki,
Corbin; Aloe Krnkowskl, MoHinor;
.lohn Kliak, Stoic I.esklu and John
Hoycliuk, Phoenix; ID Tlolionou, I. A.
J-owchuck, Iinicr-oBf, M. a. F-nrlil,
Colomnn; l*\ I'elownltl, Lothbrldgo; *|\
Coinnka nnd 13. Tomntflky. Prom
Winnipeg there are expected n num-
ber of^ vlBlto* including .Mr. Btcch.
obcIioj) and Hovnnil others nnd poh-
Hlbly from llniilihon-l', Penile, Cnn-,
more, Michel, Vancouver, Cnlgnry mid
llriuidon, Thoro uro n number of Ini.
porliiul. inntloi'H lo bo (IIkciibboiI,
■>i*Kiinls*ntlnii and futuro piaiiN of UiIh
nut: lot y,
Andy Good, of Summit, wiib In town
Thursday and reporiB that flren had
lie-Mi rnnliiK all through tho nitintry
both nenrliy iim| fnroff. There wnn
one IiIii/h which there Ih good reiiHon
to bollovo wiih Hlarled by a fisher-
man. who net iln-* bin toot wet nnd
roiiKiinlmrlng tlmt he Imd not washed
hin bocUh for a long time decided to
cheap at tho Trltos-Wood Co.
It's up to you, Wo aro horo to save
you money ln furnituro and Btovos.
Tho TrltoB-Wood Co.
Cottngo for rent. Low rent. CIobo
In Mutliodlsl eliurcli. Apply to W.
Huntiable. 52 31
Small shack for rent furnlBhod or
furnituro for Halo cheap. Apply to
Georgo Luxtoii, nplil
POn SAL13—Ilnmlsomo now piano;
rich louo, high grade walnut, finish.
Vititt ciihIi.   A nnnp,   Apply Box 105.
1—np.
Small Iiouho of furiilliiro for salo.
Suit couple. Vory reasonable. Apply
II, 11. Went Pernio. p
POH HALK—Fiiriilshr-d boarding
Iiouho, Property known aB thn (llll
Hoarding Hoime. Apply Hokh & Lane,
bitrrlHtei-H.
The Piles urn roniln**;. (Jot, your
Hereon doors, window ai-rnnna nnd ro-
filgeiiitoiH at the Trltos-Wood Company,     Tho elieifpeHt In lho cily,
House for Rale with 2 lots In West
J, W. Bennett, Esq., P. O.- 5, Pernie.
Consulat General De Belgique:
LADIES' WHITEWEAR.
Broken Lines of Ladies' "White
Umlci-irmslins. . Made of good English
Cambric trimmed with Valenciennes
and Embroidery in a large* assortment
of styles. This list includes Gowns,
Skirts, Corset Covers and Drawers.
Sold regular $1.25, $1.35, $1.50;
•    Saturday special  ;.. 95c
LADIES' CAMBRIC DRAWERS.
Ladies'    "White   Cambric ' Drawers
trimmed with' Valenciennes and Torchon laces and insertions.
Regular 60, 65c, 75c; ,
Saturday special ..' 4,r;c
Ladies' Oxfords  in  Black,  Brown,
' Tan and "Wine color, all latest styles
Jn Button, Lace   and   Ankle Straps;
Goodyear "Welt, Cuban Heels. *
Regular $4.50; special ..$3.45
Regular. $4.00.; special $3.15
Regular $3.50^ special ..- $2.85
CHILDREN'S DRESSES.
Children's Dresses made of good
English Print ' and Scotch Zephyrs;
These dresses are all warranted fast
colors. Made"in a ovariety of styles,
i'or children two to six years.
, Regular $1.25, $1.35; $1.50;
(       Saturday special  .. i.....,'..-..**. 95c
Look at, yourself arrayed in a shirt,
collar and tie from our Men's Furnishing* Department and you'll hardly
think that you are the same mau. So
much more natty,, will be your*appearance, so .much more up-to-date.
Just placed in, stock a swell range of
summer neckwear. AVe invite your inspection. ,     -
STRAW HATS FOR MEN AND BOYS
Newest .-shapes and straws at less
than wholesale cost.
Broken lines of Men's "Work in-.*;
Shirts.to ,be.cleared at less than cost.
Ducks, Sateens,,  Drills,-.regular $1.00
to  $1.35, special clearing
price ' .50c to 85c
We are sole agents for Cavhartl
Union-Made Overalls. aiid Gloves." ,
Our "Grocery Values 'cannot' be*,
duplicated elsewhere. You can' save "'
money by allowing us to cater,to your ■
table, wants.* ,
White Star and Magic -Baking.-
Powder; per tin'..,  15c .
2-lb. Tins Christies Sodas, per tin. .30c
2-lb. Tins Preserved Plums, per
tin 10c
3-lb. Tins Quaker Brand Tomatoes,    '„
2 tins ? ......25c
Royal Household Flour;- 50-lb. stick
for :::.:....:■ ■;.-..$i.8D
.100-b. sack for .....S3.50
Alberta Government Creamery
Butter, per'lb!  ....30c
B. C, Pure Cane Sugar, the only kind
that will give preserving satisfaction;
20-lb. sacks ;$1.30
C.' & S. Seal Brand Coffee, Mb.
tins   .'" ..........40c
White Swan Laundry Soap; Carton   .
6 bars  .".... ?.20c
Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soaps; 5    ,
bars ."...,.25c'
GROCERY SPECIALS FOR
SATURDAY.    '
Table and Cooking Apples;
.    4 pounds ..,  .25c
Barrington Hall Coffee, 1-lb.
tins'  ......•.....*...40c
3-11). packages "Washing-. Powder.. .20c
-■ 4-11. Carton Ogilvie Rolled Oats.\.20c"
-t
■; _
y
F O R
•*-*X
Paying   Business
try IiIh hand ut llio laundry IiuhItidkh
wiih a wow to iu'i|inriii-. a kiiowic'iIkui ' <'",l,:< " '>»<»"'*« j.!**-*--.-.. »<.«<>..
oi !).'.■   u.'.vfu*!   ■■■■■■u-.-.-.ii.'w.  In  o.*,-(, »*   .,'uSji* nf J.*.   JJiirji'-r, McViu-'-nni
j. ttliiR  murrlod,    Afu-r the  nrduou*-\ uur,
tfthk wnH completed lm built n firo to
dry hiH foot lliiKurlo,   Uur    tlm   un-
oxpr-etod HoiiHiitloii i>xpori<'i)(-Pil when
hi«   Rot   his   boom  nn   tnmli-   Iiim   sn
llKlit )»-ii(Ioi] U J:i p.i-.siijiiri_  thnt ho
foritot nltoKi'tiit'i- niioiii --xtlni-.iilMlilnK
tho flro nnd tlin ru-sult wiib thut. liml
it not hf-on lator fouml nml Bfti>r con-
s-l-loriililft offort on tho pnrt or aomo
mi'ii  worhlixs In    tlm    vicinity vory
KerloiiH d-siungi' would hnv« heen dono.
If thr« i-iiroloRH individual ever kocs
round that wny iikiiIu ho will rrrolvo
h iiH:«|t..ltni thut -will mak*-- him wlnh
thnl ho had put off hi* washlni? for
n  yoar  lon(c-*r  and  ho dt-ni-rvort It
too for Ihoro   Ik   certainly    novrro
punlahmtnt due to an.ono who in *o
devoid of braln» at lo do a UlcV of
thla kind at thla ata&on of tho yonr
partlmlarly.
t.tt-
rive
Sloan-.uployrii-i Shorthand ran    ho
tiiUKht tu 12 Ii'Hhoiih, fck'iul for xpccl-
nicn k'HW'ii to Tlioniris HniilHliuw, I, 8,
ii.*|i.M. . I lilt'K. Au'rt,
TO UKNT— KurnlBht'd rootn» to
rf-Hpoctrililf-, qiilot pooplo, Modern
Iiouho; contrnlly locntod, Apply to
Mrn. \V, llunnnblo, nenr MothodIM
church.
T.lnton, wo rnn nnvo you from |2i),00
to |2ii on a MowinK tnucliino, nnd give
you th*> Xiont, "Tlio Slnnd-ml," tho mnchlno that Iiiim tliem hU lent, nnd then
aome.    Tho Trl leu-Wood Co.
Wanted: House rtc-ftnln-*- or day labor of any kind, Mother of (Ito children and widow of met-nlier of V. M. W.
A. Leave word with H. I* Juno. Wox
IS.
Frank  S, Aout,  1910.
M. l'Edlteur du District Ledj.*;e'*,
Fornio, U.  C.
Choi* Monsieur—Samcdi dernier 6
Aout j'ni etrs a Xlnclood pom- voir A.
Decoux. Son pere Charles Decoux
m' nccompagnait et avec nous, nous
avions pris le fils»-do A., Decoux.
II nous a ete penhis de le voir mais
je dois vous avouer que ce fut avec
un serronient de coeur que jo nie suis
I'lCiulu, compto duns quello deplorable-
condition on lo tlent la bns.
II- ost Kardo dans uno cellule do
sept plods ot deml do long sur quntre
et deml do large, dans cotto cellulo
il -n'y a pns de cliniso, nl memo un
banc pour qu'll puisse s'ussoolr, done
11 est obllgo do rosier nccroupl ou
dobout ni plus nl moins qu'uno bolo
fauvo en cage -
Commo lllerle 11 a un matclm* (si
a l'objet quo nous avons ni on pent
donner lo nom do matelas) do doux
polices d'opalKReur, qu'il roulo poiulnnt
10 jour ot qu'll doit otondro lo soir'
sur lo rt nr phinchoi' pour so couclier;
uno eotivertiiro griso et c'est tout.
hon gardlons do la prison, ses bour-
roaux no lo sortent dohoi'R quo qulir/o
minutes trois fols par somniiio, aiiRal
11 n'a pns il'iippGlIt ot lo seul allmont
qu'll pout pi'oiidro. Hnns trop do ro-
pugnnnco est un moreoau do pain.
Sob boiii'ioaiix no lul onl pns oncoro
fnlt prendre un bain dopuln qu'ils lo
dotlonnont, c'est a dlro dopuln plus
d'un mols ot cela lul peso boaucoup,
Pour comhlo do inontruoaltc il nous
a dit. quo Ha cellulo etnlt rongoo do
piiimlKOH, et pour .iippuyoi* nun dlrus
II hour mont ni son moucholi' rouge
do Hung qui provonnlt do punalROH
ocrnsooR.
AitHsltot qu'll oiiHiilo d'ouvrlr In
lioucho poiir qiiolquo co Kolt, on lul
dit. hi'iitulonient do ho tulro,
"AIiihI" nous dit ll "vous voyoz
comtnont mo trnlto let, coin o«t d'nut-
nut plus dui'Votir mol quo jo mo hhIh
Innocent ot n'al rlon sur ln confldonco
a mo ropioulKii', II njoiita quo Ioh
quiitro lonogittH do Frnnk nvnlont lm-
puiloniiiKiUt inontl loisqii'lls out do
poso conl ro lul qu'ils nlnlout arrlvrm
n l'l'tinll-'iu'-r- uven lours dopoHlllons
ocrltt; a I'jivnnto (falten aann doutc
pour qu'lbt no bo controdlwont pnii l'un
I'ltutid, nt dlctooii pin- (?)—ou no lo
mils quo trap),
l.'ouqiinti'Ur no voulii pus recovolr
lour dopoHllloiiH ocrltoH ot. lornqu'll
li'iir t'lillu piirlci' Uh uo hii.viiIi.mU plus
(ino dlro iiounnioliiH Ils mcntli'ont of-
Itonieill'-ill   c;t-»    liitiui-it,    cum    htiiiti-
t'l/i-lli'   ,'M,uj*   iOj.'jj-^'I'J-   Jj(i|i*('    (".lIlKintl.l'
A. Docoux. qui lul otnlt un unlonlHt .
uu vlitlino do In Cio.
"Tu «nlH lilon" mo (lit II, "quo »l
J'nvnln ou la monatrtiouHo idoo qu'on
mo proto, j-> n'nurnl phh cliolsl pour
In inottro en oxt'Ciition, lo moment
quo tu otnls In, toi enmnrndo et niiDRl
In "hoHH" Ilrlot.
L'nrlnt quo j'nvnla plnco dnnH uno
don rouoH a'oRt hrlflo ou pordu cn
routo ot c'cHt co qui oat cnuso quo lc
car out pnrtl au fond ot blcaan Krlove-
mont J. II. Uotiort. .I<* ao veux pu«
Iri" me dlt-ll dlicuter lea torto do la
cltt dnn» cotto Hlfrtiro. cur lo Jury Uo
Frank la fait avant moi en Mamatit
aeveri'-ment a la Cle,"
Oamarad-^R! II eat affreux de con-
notre t-amarade Decoux aortlra clalr
encore voir de telle* ln.mtlcfta-.aa
produlro; cela noua fait voir eombl«n
la TnnnlMrntnr* eat *llle# avec Wt*
 in Fernie, $3,500
Will handle this proposition which is one of
the best paying in the city. Balance arranged
to suit.   Investigate this—its a money maker.
Two Story, 6-Roomed House
for $2,600, Desirable locality, all'modern, including furnace, 60 foot lot. Fine* lawn and
splendid garden.' ,Best buy in Fernie to-day.
List Your Property with us
Insurance     C.   E.    LYONS     Real Estate
Ouy  Maclbod   Lo-ta Today.   Prlcos Will Advanco Soon
A City is Known
By itsLights
capitalistos, car 11 ost certain quo cot
aclo iirbltrnli'o n a oto mnoliino quo
par M. A. Mullor lo'directeur do la
Cle do Frank ot ses quntres trait res
on deplt d'avolr "vu lo jury do Frank
ncqulttor n notro enmnrndo' Docoux-
1th polico s'est protoo docllomont n
cette sale bosoKiio, no voyant la
qu'uno lioniio occasion do frnppor un
unlonlsto ot on momo temps bo'mot-
tro a plat vontro aux pleds do Muller.
Nous avons In fornio conflnnco quo
notro enmnrndo Decoux sortlrn Clnlv
do cetto nffalro, enr nous lo savons'
Innocent du crime odlctux dont on
rni'oiiHo, En nttondnnt, Ioh nsslsHOS
du mols d'Octobro, 11 souffro morale-
mont ot physlqucmont, su femme on
souffro tollomont qu-ollo n-est plus
quo l'ombro d'ollo momo ot hob quatro
onfnnls nont prlves des solus ot dos
onrnHROR do lour poro.
Jo dots ajouter quo lorsque notro
enmnrndo nporou son pollt Knrcon,
qui ulalt avec nous, 11 fut pris d'un
nccos do doulour si polRiinnto, quo
nous, qui otlons partis In pour lo ron-
conforlcr ol rns-aiiror do 1'oolimo do
tons, no pumoH ompoolior los' iarmon
do nous montor mix ,ycux, 11 onsuya
d'omhrnRBor Ron petit Rnrcon, mills
coin lul fut, ImpoHHlblo cm1 Ioh bar-
ronux do hoii oimo nont tollomont
opals (six ponces d'opniRHOUr) qu'ils
l'on ompeclioront quolquo lo pmivro
onfnnt fit toiiH nos offortr pour pnHsor
sn pc-tlto toto nu trnvors dos bnrronux.
.i'oho oHporor M. 1'IJdltoiir quo voiiH
no rofiiRoroz pas rhonpltnlltc/ dans
voiro oHtlmnhln journal, in dofoiiHour
doK oiivrleiH do cotto roulon, n cotto
potllo protoRtntloii pour fnlro Bnvolr
mix en tun m*. n romnmnt on trnlto
un liinnrpiif. (qui n Honlomont. ou lo
Knmd tort d'ntro un iniloiilmo) dans
to  "Wxrr, rnnrwln "
Hocovoz   Chor   MonHlour I'Rdltour
110H   KiUCOlOM   HIllUtllUOIIH,
ARTIIUlt DISSGAMI'S.
Frnnk, Alta., nox 23.
if J\La Au Ji
Barber  Shop
Across from Fernte Livery
First class work guaranteed.
Drop In and.convince yourself.
Razor Honing a Specialty.
G.   RADLAND,   Proprietor.
7    * :- •.- *   . .■*-''.; .
.   This is.no, mere figure, of speech.   The stranger.
flees the unligh'ted'toAvn-as lie"would the graveJ" •'
-   yard and for much; the same reason .        '   * - --
Hang   Out   One   of   My
ELECTRIC   SIGNS
U yt
Every one " of my signs will holp your busi-    •
ness  and  add to thb  prostigo of the town
The Lack ofthe Electric Sign Means
Business Stagnation
•..
Phone 17
T.   B.   HOWDEN
Oonoral Electrician 'P.O. Box 354
n motor enr iind IiIh parenth did not
hnvo ouoiirIi mouoy In tho house to
hury lilm. Ills fnthor worked UO
yoni'H for llio London Gonornl Omni-
litis compnny, hut tho motor omnibus
compollltur "roductlon of Htnft" ho l»
on tho unemployed HhI.
Mr. lllnclcwoll, tho nppllcnnt'H coun-
hoI, wild tho workmen objected lo Dr.
Colllo uocauso thoro woro cornplnlMts
that ho Insulted worklim moil whom
ho wont (o oxnmlno, trailed ilioni
with roushncflfl, showed brutnllty of
conduct, nnd so frlKhlenod thom tliut
t hoy could not. Rlvo a proper nccount
of whnt thoy wero sufforlnn; from, '.n
flvo cuiios Dp. Colllo told tho mon
tlioy woro nmllnKorors.   Yot In four
V..1
BRIEF BITB OF BRITAIN.
A deputation ol Uio *i*iiiUio 'piiiin-»i
"KnlRhtH of ColumbUR," »t present
visit Inf." Italy intend to prcsont n
petition for tho cnnonlnntlon of Christopher Columbus,
J. K. Cnrthow, tlm grnln expert,
<Rtntcn In a totonrnm from Exeter to
llu' Dully KxprttHtt, Ixmdon, that ilt-
fiplto tho incron-scd nrca planted In
Uu; t'ulu'd Sutuu and Canada there
um ho u deficiency of lho spilriff
whmt crop of HO.000,000 (eighty roll-
lion) hm-holi over hit year. The do-
crca«« will be. tamely counterhaUncsl
hy Inrreliied yield* In Indlk, Hun-
Wry, Itoumnnla, nulntrla, ete.
Henry Hh-ellkelA, 16, -mm kllU-d by
componflMlnn. C\nn nt thn mon tb.ifl
liiHiiltod hnd only rocolvod threo dnys'
Rich pny in 20 yenrH. nr. Colllo tn
tlio wltnt'HK box denied that ho li.-id
lll-trontod tho mon. Mr. B. Lovim,
for tho rcHpondontB, Bnld Dr. Colllo
Kitivnii  -Dili*)   n  IliitrVtii  v.-ctv*.isi   I»*ii '>'• -i.
To ncciiRO a workmnn of mnHnROiliii;
did not hurt him. His Honor rosorvod
liln dnclRlon.
h
Park vi e w
MACLEOD
NOT  RESPONSIBLE  FOR
Ht& WIFE'S DEBTS
I -will not. he renponslblo tor any
debt contracted In my nnmo by my
wife M»ry McDonald or Mary Ban-
from thla date aa she hni loft my bed
and bonrd.
hector Mcdonald.
Houm-M, D. C.
MacLeod Ib to bo tlio groat railroad
contor of Southern Alborta. Four railroads into tho city in tho vory rioar
futuro warrant us in parantooinff you
a profit within tho noxt yoar of KO
por cont on your invoatmont. Parkview is fronting; on tho rivor. All lots
aro guaranteed to bo high and dry, and
at no timo affected by high wator.
Who are tho ones who liave mado tho
hier forturioB in tho past? It was not
tho peRRimiBtB, thoy stood back and
scoffed at Winnipeg, Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Lethbridge
and many other plaoes, and yot woro
unablo to stem the current of pros-
polity, and tho upward, onward march
of progress continues, History repeats
itself today at MacLeod, Pricos will
advanco shortly.
Alberta-Kootenay Investment Company, Ltd,
\-
1
i
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