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The District Ledger Sep 17, 1910

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• v.'.:-/-JUne-og
ndustria.1 Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M..W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOI*. VI.   No. 7
FERNIIS,   B. C,  September 17t_i 1910
$1.00 a. -Tear
_ --■
I,   ''(\ ■
", *.<■•'
■**>   * - 7 *  *   ' ""       ■■
List of Knowing Ones at
Recent Examinations
That Miiiie Good
Tho following are the names of the
successful candidates at the examlna-
. tion held in Fernie, August 16,17 and
18, under the supervision of the provincial government Inspectors, Evans
and Strachan:       *   ~ *
Flr6t Class.
J. 'McCullock.
F. P. Alderson.' ,     -
A. Kinsman.     . _,  >,   s-
R. T. Stewart.
»   J. D. Thomas.
Second Class.
H. E. Miard.   •
J. C. Hughes.       7   '        t
R..J.  Lee.
W. C. Cummins. ...-..-'
E. Robert's.
R.-Anderson.       •
R." Adamson.
-    Third Class.
* T.- Thomas.
*    W. R. Puckey."
W. ,P. Price.   ,
-D. Shanks.       - ■ .     "
: .* R. Heaps. .
R. D. Garbett. :
'   T. Bullen.     • °   , '
Leroy Taylor.
J. W. Makin.     .     ■ ,.
B. J. Lewis.
' P.* Mullen. ,   •
M. D." McLean.
■ John Jenkins, -. •*
,__'., P. Judge.
.,   All  members    of    the . Rebekahs
* urgently requested  to - participate  in
church "''on, Sunday, . September l'8th.
Meet at K. P. hall, at 7 o'clock.    A,
full, attendance  is , desired.
Alderman Thomas Beck is prairie-
izihg pn private business.    *.,    -* *
Mr. R. G. Drinnan was a guest at
the King Edward 'on Thursday.
A choice range of children's dresses
and coats just arrived.'   Miss Euler.
Millinery opening next week, Friday, September 23rd and 24th. Miss
Euler. '   ■
"Will Phillip V. Lackey please write
his sisters? Address care F. V. Hogg,
Box 132, Lethbridge, Alta!
$20,184 will' be disbursed on Saturday by the C. N. P. Coal company, of
which Fernie's portion is $115,000, and
Michel's $85,000.
Alderman ■ J. A. Broloy left for the
coast'on. Wednesday's flyer, accompanying his wife who is to undergo
an operation for throat trouble.
A banquet by the Young Men's Association will be held in the basement • of the Methodist church on
Tuesday at 6 o'clock. Tickets 60
, N.,E. Suddaby and William Haldane
went bear hunting and a grizzly fell
a victim to the unerring aim of the
former. One shot gave the coup de
grace. ' '-**
The new Baptist church building,
which has been at a standstill of late,
will now be pushed rapidly to completion and will be occupied before
snow flies.
1 The picture'show at. the Fernie
Opera House on Sunday nights will
in future' be conducted under tho
auspices of "the Roman Catholic
church. Special arrangements are being made for subjects of a religious
nature.   .     _,'".-'       • "
, On Wednesday evening Mrs. Whimster, who had the misfortune several
weeks' ago to sprain lier knee, was
out taking a short stroll when she
had the misfortune to slip and as-'a
result will probably be confined indoors; for' several weeks.
■ The music in Knox church Sunday
morning win be: Solo, "Flee as a
Bird," by Mrs. Steve Barclay. For
Sunday.,evenln"g,7"Queen of Angels',"
sung by Mr. -Mark Samson, and
mixed quartet.'7 "Tho' Your Sins Be
Decoux, Held on Murder Charge Acquitted
at Maeleod Last Week-Recommen-
x i       dations by the Jury Many
B.R.' de-Mouilpied,:who is the rest-
* dent' manager -of the,! A. \Macdonald
• company's, wholesale, department,. Is
- taking * a "well-earned vacation'at the
coast; „ ,■'■'   • •■-•,'.
Some specially priced Ladies' Suits
for pay day. If you, want a smart
' Fail Suit at small cost, do' not fail
to see this line.- Also orders taken
to your measure.'    Fit   guaranteed.
Miss Euler.
a Scarlet,".by members'of the choir.
J. E.' Gravett, who ■■ was one of the
pioneers, of- the --Pass and is quite a
well known figure around Fernie, has
decided, to-seek pastures new in the
Peace River country. , He will drive
to ■ his; destination over the new.gov-,
ernmentYoad, thence through Alberta
via. -.the, Piegani reserve, coming -out
at Cayley, proceeding north to Edmonton parallel to the. C. & E. railway. From Edmonton he "will, go to
Edsoii, which Is 136 mile's from
Ronde .Prairie, and cuts off about 350
miles ovor the old route.
■ As a result of the numerous protests and the widespread publicity
that has been given to this remarkable case, instead of waiting until the
October assizes, as was originally intended when,the unfortunate Belgian
miner, Arthur Decoux, was so unceremoniously deprived of his liberty,
a special session -was called, for
Wednesday, September^ 7th.
Justice Horace Harvey was the
Solon on this occasion. The Crown
Prosecutor, Campbell, in his opening
remarks to the jury tactily acknowledged the weakness of his plea by
the suggestion that they might have
to take into consideration the lesser
charge of manslaughter, evidently unable to bring himself to the task
of "being able to establish any tangible* evidence that could possibly be
construed into a proof of deliberate
intent, .this being foredoomed. to*
failure; true to the instincts of his
profession and his client, naturally he
was-anxious to"make an,i orderly retreat from an-'untenable position to
one that there might, be a glimmering of hope enabling him to save; his
Good Reports From Eastern Fields--
"Charlie" Garner in the Thick
of the Fray for Right
) '•;
GREENSBURG, Sept. . 10,—William
Diamond of District No. 24, Michigan,
and Charles Garner of Lothbrldgo,
Altn., from District 18, hnvo como
horo for tho, purposo of making a
thorough Investigation of lho striko
and tho conditions of tho minors.
Diamond and Garnor.aro both enthusiastic ovor tho prospects for tho
striking minors In those flolds, ^Thoy
havo Just como from a flold whoro
lho minors hnvo gtiinod a groat victory ovor capitalistic oppression, nnd
aro propnred io throw lliolr full
energy Into tho fight In Wostmoro-
ln*nd county.
Will Get 8upport,
"Novor boforo hnvo prospocls looked so bright for tho minors In tho
Irwin flold," romarkod Mr. Diamond,
In HponkltiB of lho victory In llllnolB
nnd his coming hero,
"Tlio prospoolB nro lho host o.vor In
got lho flnnnclnl and moral Ritpport of
nil lho affdialed ■unions," added Mr.
"An npppjil will bo mndo by lho
American . odorntton of Lnbor, requesting all International unions and
affiliations to throw tliolr full support
both flnnnclnl and moral, to thoir
"Tho Botllomont of tho ntrlkofl In
Illinois and lho aouthwostorn district
ji.i.ui.a IUI 7W M Mlc mlnerr return
to work nnd leaves the Inlnrnntlnnnl
organization In a poi-tltlon to throw
Its full support Into lho Irwin flold,
"Henceforth tho International or-
gnnl'/atlon monns to throw Iln onllro
forco Into this flold, no it is tho moHt
lfllplllVrtlll,   hUliiV.   I"/****    -C)»i»'!kiti   ^»Us.C
tho sottlomont in Illinois and tho district* constituting tho BouthwoBt.
Strike Breaker! Lesvlno-
"Twonty thousand dollnre por wook,
and moro If necessary, will ho brotiRlit
horo lor tho support of tho minora'
"RoportB from different parts of tho
field aay that the Imported men,
striko-brenkers, aro loavlng In largo
Gamer and Diamond nre mon who
know what strikes are nnd aro woll
versed In tbo tyrannical molhodi of
tho coal operators. Comment w«»
pasted upon tho r»po>U thnt lU on-cr
In full and* tho rumors wero passed
by with discredit,
To show the mnnner In which tho
borons aro attempting "to socure men
for tliolr mlnos, Onrnor rolatod a littlo
ocourroneo ho hnd noticed during tho
dny.   ,
"Wo woro ovor In Hormlnlo, today,"
lie said, reforrlng to Diamond, "nnd
while thpro, wo saw n group of flvo
mlnorB leavo tho works nnd town. Wo
questioned .them before their departure, concerning thoir ronsons for quitting, and thoy ropliod thoy woro In
sympathy with tlio striking mon,
"Then thoy Informed x\a thoy had
boon brought to Hormlnlo through
fnlso statements nnd claims of tho
oporntors In chnrgo of tho nilno
thoro, Thoy snld nn ngont had gono
out and had told thom ho wantod
Ihem for n now mlno, run tinder union
conditions, nt tho snmo tlmo tolling
thorn tho lie thnt thn striko hnd boon
BOttlod. Tho agont hnd hold forth In-
(lucomontH of $K and $0 por day for
thoir work.
"Tho men hnd boon In tho mlno but
two or throo dnys until thoy found
out tho ronl conditions. Then thoy
wnlkod out, Thoy nt onco wont to
ijoforo going to Indlnnnpolls, from
wliich plnco ho cnmo horo, flnnuM*
wnn In tho WoBt Virginia flold, look.-
itit*    UII.I      lit*,     rttlll.l.l,/.,    ......    ...,*...**..&
Into the condition!** of tho miners, iln
nnld hn thorn rnn Into tho Jamison
control, whleh linn dono so much to
oppress the miners ln UiIh county, nnd
porsonnlly felt tho harsh treatment
nccordod union mon nnd BympnlhlzorB,
it.  MX  Xnrx.xilLX-tx   U\.  Cio.1 i,tol>uVK,   'is.*..**!
ho snld his trouble wnB with tho
hlrollngs of tho Fairmont h Jamison
Conl compnny. Whilo walking down
thn main street of tho town to tho
rnllrond Btntlon, Garner Bald ho was
sot upon by olght or ten men In broad
daylight and badly beaten. All of
thoRo men, ho doclarod wcm undor
Jamison employment.
(lamer still shows marks cf tho
bontlng ho rocolvod and It makes hlrn
all tho moro determined to help tbo
miners of tho Irwin field troo themselves from tho despotism ot luch a
rule, that, with the tyranny of tsov-
tttfil other compaulctt, practically coll
ators hero were running their mines troll Westmoreland county,
W. C." Simmons, counsel for1 the defense, 'in making'objection. to' the attempt to* go beyond' the province of
the charges called attention that it
was not in,ac'ocrdance with,the legal
ethical code as it was a trespass upon
the prerogative5of the judge. • '■*■"' "
'. The crown prosecutor in his exposition of the. cast outlining the particulars of Abe accident, simply related the facts that are already well
known to our readers,'but his purpose
to show that Decoux had been ciil:
pably negligent In,not rushing after
the car and shouting, a warning to
the man Lobert and that his failure
so to do was with malice, aforethought as the day prior ho was supposed to have had an altercation with
tho deceased and that allowing tho
car to get away was his method of
wreaking vengeance.
Wednesday's proceedings, consisted
of tho exnmlnntion of throe witnesses
for tho crown, John A. Maeleod,
mining engineer for tho company; Dr.
A, Martlgny, and J. Brlot, tho erst-
whilo pltboss,
Dr. Martlgny gavo a, description of
tho wounds that Lobort had recolved
nnd nlso tho treatment glvon botwoon
tho occurrence and his death. Ho was
subjected to a sovero examination by
the counsel for tho dofonso as thero
woro doubts in the minds of mnny
as to whothor tho unfortunnto man
wns. glvon proper attention nnd
whothor ho might not have recovorod
undor tho enro and nursing of another.
Jullon Brlot, noting pltboss nt tho
tlmo of the nccldont, hnvlng boon
grnntcd a provlslonnl cortlflcnto bo-
caiiBO IiIr Inck of knowledge nf tho
English limgimgo precluded hlm from
bolng nblo to pass tho examination in
nccordnnco with tho Conl Mines
Hogulritlon Act of Alborta, but whoso
titlo Is now chnngod to driver boss
nnd nsnlstnnt superintendent, being
Bworn gnvo ovidoneo that lio waB tho
Inst mnn to soo Lobort and Docoux
Immodlntoly preceding tho nccldont.
According to his vorslon nbout a minute nftor ho nnd nnotlior hnd holpod
Docoux to start his car along tho
lovol nbovo tho Hlopo ho turned
nround nnd saw Decoux coming to-
wnrds him "nftor his horso, whereupon nsklng Docoux whnt ho hnd
dono with tho enr and receiving tho
roply tlmt It hnd gono down tho
Hlopo, ho remarked thnt thnt wab
dnngorous nnd thnt ho should not
hnvo lot It go, to which Docoux mndo
nnnwor, "Oh, thoro Is no dnngor."
FrnncolB Foubert, brother-in-law of
(M* -Wont-ir-ii nrwi ono nf thn wltnom-t.
pb for tho prosecution, who, nt the
inquost which completely exonerated
Docoux nnd nt tho preliminary, gnvo
evidence as to the alleged throAts lo
tho deceased mndo by Docoux did
not put   In   nppenrnnco.     Corporal
i.i ..   ri    TT--H  '-I-   -I.*   T)    V    *1V    V    T»
sworo to his Inability to hpivo a «ub-
poena as ho hnd boen Informed thnt
Foubort, nccompnnlod by his Bister,
Mrs. Lobort, hnd gono back to
lleiKlum, Tho judgo rosorvod his decision ns to tho advisability of his
oflposltlon nn evldenr*.
Tho following constituted tho jury:
A. W. nussell, veterinary Burgeon:
C. H. Baker, retired merchant, (foreman); II. H. noblnBon, mining engineer; J. Bwlnnerton, hotel proprietor;
J, D. Sutherland, lumber dealer, and
nerntird Stewart, rancher. All of the
above gentlemen are, residents of
John C. Iloutreau was sworn In as
official interpreter ln French In* consequence of so many witnesses being
French' speaking.
The principal feature of Thursday's
sitting of court and one of considerable excitement while- it lasted was
the close call thaC President W. B.
Powell had for being also a guest of
the provincial    government   charged
with contempt of court.    It appears
that when he was called upon to give
his evidence instead of coming from
the outside he arose in his seat from
the  body of the hall, whereupon  a
sharp altercation took place between
tho legal attendants  relative to the
extraordinary   procedure," and   after
Mr.-Powell stating that .he did* not
hear his name called Judge Harvey
stated that it was a matter, for the
jury to note, hut Prosecutor Campbell agreed  to  let. him  go on,  and
after cross-examination one    of    the
jurymen  remarked'; that. the witness
name had been called on Wednesday.
His Lordship asked* Mr. Powell if he
had been told-to go"  out. on.b  the
previous day and upon replying.■ that
he;.had Justice Harvey said:   "Then
the sheriff ■ will, take 'you ■ into . cus-
today..  You have'been guilty of contempt.",'Upon  W.   C- Simmons   ex-
stood ''the  court's  question and  had
only-been  put out  of  the  enclosed
portion into, the body of the hall"by
the sheriff.'   "Then I'll say no more
about it this time,' but remember next
time,"  and  after .W. B.  had stated
that .he did not iii&nd - any, contempt
the incident closed.    One of the unexpected items of interest connected
with this caso was the evidence of
the   prosecutor's    witnesses,    Louis
Marc, the eager,,and his assistant, E.
-Posca, which tho crown prosecutor endeavored  to  show was  not In  harmony, with what they had stated at
the preliminary.
The court permitted tho deposition
of the absentee, F. Froubert, to bo
admitted as evidence. The counsel
for the dofonso was not allowed to
introduce evidence showing that In
consequence of • the ..dangerous character of tho mine slope whore tho
accident happened tho compnny was
to blame for tho fatality, but his lordship objected on tho ground that all
thnl ho had to do with wns tho accused was guilty of the chargo pro-
Harry White Iri his evidence stated
thnt, ho mado nn experimental run
with- a 8praggod car down tho slopo
for tho boneflt of tho coroner's jury
nnd that he hnd had no difficulty in
stopping it, tho purposo bolng to
show thnt Docoux could lmvo done
likowlso but ho nilmlttod that ho hnd
hung on to it nil lho wny so thnt tho
compnrlHon wns nn Invidious ono ns
tho enr wns not afforded an opportunity to gntn nny momentum, lie
stntod that- tho compnny hnd spoclnl
Louis Mnrc, lho cngor, oxplnlnod
how tho curs wore bundled, Hu
stated thnt ho nnd his n«8lstnnt,
Poflola,, snw lho runaway enr nnd
thoy shouted nud Jumped whon It
struck Lobort, who wnn pushing his
enr, In the buck, Rushing up to tho
prostrate mnn nnd finding thnl ho
could not got him out ho wont ono
way for holp Bonding hlm up tho opposite slopo. Tlio first mnn ho mot
wnn Brlot and then Docoux; both
theso mon rushed to tho scone of
tlio nccldont nnd when ho got li'nnk
with somo olhors found thnt Lobort
hnd nlrendy boon* tnkon out of liln
perilous position.
This wltnoKH snld that overy mnu
know tho dnngor bocniifln of tlio
steep grnde. Thnt It wns a otislom
to stop tho enrn 00 feet nwny and
slgnnlllng when aato to como nlong.
Vi-mi  nlwnvo  wnlted  for n  slunnl  n»
where ■ else to go he had gone with
In reply to a question from his lordship Marc answered that Decoux was
not the only man who sometimes mis*
sed his car. Upon being cross-examined this witness stated, that it
was a common occurrence for cars to
be derailed. Upon being,,,questioned
as to who he regarded as pltboss said
that he did not know Finlayson,. as
pitboss,' always thought that Brlot1
held that position.
Poscia, the assistant eager, was the
next* to be examined and he pract'cal-
ly corroborated the testimony of Marc
and when being examined by Mr.
Simmons said that there was a car
upturned the,day preceding the accident and the driver, who was limping,
replied to Briot when aswed "What
was" the. matter," that he could not
hear the car coming because of the
noise made by the pump and neither
did he hear anyone shouting.
Despite  a rigid re-examination by
Prosecutor Campbell-  this    man adhered to his statement* that THERE
T.iE ,   NINE.     DAYS      HE *   HAD
guemont, C.' Stievenard fand^.V.f Mat *
gret, the three who a£ the.prellmlnajy'
had  sworn   that Decoux ^threatened
Lobert the'day prior, to; the -accident.
The evidence of this trio" iWBB -practically  identical; •' Julleri  Briot* w*as
recalled to testify7regai*dlng a • letter
sent'from  Belgium1'by. F." Froubert.
John C. Eourdeau also informed tho
court relative    to' .the   purchase of
tickets for Froubert, Mrs. Lobert, Mr.
Muller arid wife and    some    others
forming a party en route to Belgium.
The noxt to occupy-the stand was
W. B. Powell, who'was informed by
the, presiding justice  that  nil  they
wished ,.to hear at this time was the
condition of the Frank mino.   He explained that   ho   visited tlio Frank
mlno on the 17th of July and  tho
slopo  where  tho  accident happened
was ono of such a pitch as to make
it exceptionally dangerous.   When ho
was being asked  ns to what other
procnutlons might hnvo been taken
the judge Interjected with "Wo,aro
not holding an Inquiry into Lobert's
death,   Certain. conditions existed ln
the mine at" tho timo of tho nccldont
nnd wo aro concerned    with   thoso
Tlio noise of tho pumps tho witness stntod wns. so loud that thoso
In tho mlno hnd to shout, loudly In
order to hear onch other.   Hero a
littlo tilt took plnco botwoon Powoll
nnd  Cnmpboll  which   savored   Rome-
whnt of n stngo stunt;    "What re-
mark did you mako to mo whon'wo
woro leaving tho mine thnt dny? said
Campbell in truo inolodrnmntic stylo
ns ho wnlkod  townrds tlio witnoHH,"
I don't romombor," said Powell, "You
snld to mo 'Wo nro soven thoiisniid
strong and  wo'll brouk you,' Dld'ni
you."   "No, I didn't,,"   "You nro president, of District, No, IS, United Mlno
Workors, aren't you?"   "Yos,"   "Woll,
did you sny thnt?"   "I deny It," retorted Powell shouting as loudly ns
hnd his lutorrognlor, both mnklng ns
much noiso    iih    though thoy woro
down In tho mlno nenr   tho   pump,
Continuing In llio hiiiiio strident tr-tifH
Cnmpboll  shouts  "You did  sny  It,"
nnd Powoll miflwored equally iih vociferously, "I didn't."   TIiIh piny wont
bnekwnrdn    nnd    forwnrds for some
tlmn nnd thon proceedings worn Htlll
further enlivened hy tlm "contempt
of court" oplsodo.
Docoux wnH plncod upon tho Htnnd
nnd for a littlo ovor nn hour wiih
Huhjortcd tn oxnrnluntlon nnd crosH-
exnmlnntion giving IiIh toHllmnny In
n iitrnlghtfnrwnrd nnd ninnly mnnner
which impressed IiIh hnnrerH in IiIh
fnvnr. Uo relnted his «>\|(er|ene<i on
thoy did not know whnt wnB going on | tho fntal day whicli aro HiibHtnntlnlly
Dear Mr. Editor:
Michel, B. C7 Sept, 12
J. W. Bennett, Esq.,
Editor District Ledger, Fernie, B. C.
The enclosed clipping appeared in
the Michel Reporter of August the
27th, and which I wish you would
copy. Not being a subscriber to that
paper, it was, not brought to my
notice until now and as it refers to
Michel Local Union and myself, I
cannot let it pass unchallenged.
The writer refers to the injustice
being done him by us not sending
him our work, I might state, Mr.
Editor,.that I do not believe In sending work out when the U. M.'W. of
America own and operate a printing
plant of their own in this district. I
would consider that I was doing an
injustice to tho members of Michel
Local Union if I did so, and not only
to Michel local, but to District 18
and the entire organization of the
United Mine Workers of America.
It may be true that Brother Garner
sent most of the work to the Michel
Reporter. That does not say that he
was right in doing" so, and in my opinion he was not, in this caso. The
writer also refers to a "raffle .ticket
that was brought tp his notico. as
being a good .cause and worthy of
support also' that the" ticket did not
bear the union label. . From his tone
the' writer would imply that Michel
local "or the secretary were responsible for the printing of the .same.', I
wish to state here, Mr. Editor, that
as far as Michel Local Union' or the
secretary are concerned they did not
authorize or sanction ' this raffle,
therefore are not, to blame. If they
had done so the" tickets would have
been printed at our ownplant.
It. is true that the Michel Reporter
was asked for a donation for the
sports by* the committee, and I-as,
one. of ihe committee, consider that
we were perfectly right in so doing
ancl fail up to tlie time of-writing to
se.i why the action of the sports committee should have' been termed (efforts misapplied.) The boys of Michel
woulf' 'liave"-had no objection to Mr.
Meikle tilving part in the sports, as
well as h-s children. *. ,
,,'Iri .regis;ds"to the foreign labor
paper-I could not help noticing the
fact .that The District Ledger was
the first one^to call the* attention of
was minus a union label.
In conclusion," Mr. Editor, let 'me
say that the writer of (Square Deal)
in my opinion is getting one as, far
as we are concerned in Michel. We
as I stated before, own and operate
a printing plant of our own, and I
cannot sote how nny fair*minded mnn
with such union • principle qualifications would wish us to send our work
to outside firms, and just as long ns
Michel Local Union see fit to leave
the giving out of tho printing to mo
it will be sent to our own office! and
in doing so I know that, I nm carrying out' tho wishes of Michel Local
Union, tlio wholo of District 18 and
tlio entire organization of tho U. M.
W. of A.
Secretary Michel Local Union.
United Mine Workers in
Mix-up at Pittsburg
But Bail is Raised
The disputes of the operators and -
miners engaged In the striko at the
Irwln-Greensburg     coal     field   took
definite    form    yesterday,  afternoon
with   the  arrest  of   six' officials  of
District "No.   5   (Pittsburg   district),
United  Mine Workers    of   America;
the denial of John  H. Jones, president   .of   the   Pittsburg-Biiffalo Coal
company,  that local  operators  were
financing the strike, ami thc decision
of Francis Feehan, president of the
Pittsburg district miners, to bring the
question    before    former    President
Theodore Roosevelt whon  tlie latter
visits this city on September 10.
EightjAsevcn Uniled Mine Workers'
officials are accused of conspiring to
prevent mining operations ino the
Irwin-Greensburg field, and operators
of that district "ask $300,000 damages.
Seventeen of the defendants "make
their headquarters in Pittsburg.
"•President Feehan, ■ Vice-President
Van Bittner, Secretary and Treasurer
Timothy Donovan, "Michael Halapy,
John Barfaldi and George1 Guzzi, district organizers, were placed under
arrest by Thomfis Devine, a deputy
sheriff. The men were taken into
custody at 1:30 p. m., at the headquarters of. the miners in the Ferguson building. The six men accompanied the deputy to the sheriff's of-,
fice' in thej courthouse. The actions
are civil,'but seven charges are** tire-"
ferred by. the operators.    Two thou-,
-£.**«,*_ /Inllnnn It nil -iiiob- •_. iim a nrla/l trtr*	
QUI III VIUI1C11   a Uf-l.lt TT   MO U^*MUUUVl*-ri.VI —
each defendant, or $300 in each case,
a total of $12,000.
' P. J. Devine, of the Devine Printing
company, furnished bail for,Feehan,
Bittner and Donovan. John Wilson, a
Smithfield street hotelkocpcr, went on
tho- bond of. Hnlnpy.7*,Barfaldl and
Guzzi. ~'      ' -. "     "■''   "7" "•''   '■"'"-.'■  ■
"It's nil n'movo to bully"the miners
lenders and awe tho 10,000- strikers
in tlie Irwin field," President Feehan
said. "Wo do not fear the outcome.
Tlie strike will go on with renewed
vigor. Already labor organizations
throughout tho country are' up In nrms
ngninst such proceduro ns is bolng
tnkon in this nintter nnd hnve offered
us flnnnclnl nid. Not only thnt, but
somo of llio best nttornoys In tho
stato hnve offorod tlio minors their
service grntls."
Trades and Labor Congress Convention at Fort William Closes
to Meet in West in '11
Tlio Trndos , and Labor CongresR,
which begun Its InborB on Mondny thu
12th, bids fair to bo ono of the most
InlorcHtlng yot recorded ns thero is
tho InrgcHt dolegntlon on record from
tin; western provinces nnd the dele-
gntos from thornstorn portion are
nuniorlcnlly ns strong If not. stronger
than  nt nny  provlouH congroHH.
Prosldont Willinm Olor.klng. In mnklng out hin report, coimI.-iiiiih both
old purl Ioh for their cf furls looking
to the fonnntlon of n Cnninllnn nnvy;
erltlclzcK severely th" Immigration
policy of tlio government.
The llolcourt. bill ciiine III for hoiiio
cnuHtle roinnrkH. TIiIh Ih the nieiiH-
urn thnt wim Introduced wllh a vlow
to doclnrlng unions Illegal coinblim-
tl-niH.    Tlm    Intidvlsiiblllty    of    tin
at ino bottom, If a cur i-Hcuped tin-
only thlnn for n driver or n pusher
to do wn« to follow It up shouting an
ho rnn. The horso wns supposed to
hn brought down with tho last  mr
j-j     r,r,     Ir.     n'M'fl     111T| O     1*1     Tlflf     Vl ll VIT** fl*    tO
go bnck for It. Docoux wna oxpoctod
to do this, but could not stnto whothor ho nlwnyn did or not. ThlH wit-
nosB wnn Bovorely croHB-queRtlonod by
tho crown prosecutor nB thoy wore
nnt oxpectcd. During tho questioning
the wlinone snld thnt that was tho
customary wny but THAT THERE
Tbo crown prosecutor, with tb* latent apparently of throwing discredit
upon this witness* testimony In view
of tho fnct thnt It was not to hi*
liklnjf. aik*d him If ho had •p-tnt
lent nlnhi'n wllh Derotn'• frlond*, to
wblcb Marc replied ** thero wa* no-
tlm hiiiiio ns in lUrciuly  wuil hiiov.it.
to our icuilorH,
Dr.  A. do  Murtigny    wns    cnllod
ngnln to the stnnd for tho purposo of
Klvlnr*   somo   nddltlnnnl Information
t-M'itlve In i'liri trcntivifiit  nilmtnlitor, I
ed to Lobort.
Dr, Portor of Colemnn wns bIho
nBked Homo quoBlloim rclntlvo tn tho
trentment of a mnn Injured In tho
mnnnor that Lobort wns; whether ho
would hnvo removed thn HpllntB nnd
whnt other monns ho would havo
tnkon to arrest niippunitlnn; wh-'thor
ho considered that trnumatlc pneumonia could result from a sovero
blow In tho back. To those questions
ho replied that upon removing the
spllntn imd finding .thnt pun war
formed ho would have cleansed out
the wound and If tho tr-Mitment did
(Cntlnncd  on Pbjo  Five.)
Wo uro in receipt of ndvlco thnt
tho iTnlvi-ndly of Cambridge hnH nc-
i-intvc-t Hu** nnn-'i-lflit nf thn Knevln-
VI-io-IIm UrHnmil-en nnd nH thin, the
eleventh edition, Ih n completely new
nml original survey of humiiii know.
edge right up to lho Hummer of (IiIh
prcHont. yenr, nnturnlly   under    mich
fc]M'IlMlin    rto     ■■,•>.'•    mil i' ■»    »mi     */i«->n,.
colobrntod university. It Is n foregone
conclusion thnt t IiIh work will ho pnr
This edition will cniiHlst or 28
volumes nnd It in expected Hint. It will
bo iBBiicd about lhe -end "f UiIh year,
or nt IntoHt In iho curly pnrt of mil.
Owing to tho film UtKluui |*ii|.*;l' tliiit
will lm UHod the voliinii-H will wolgh
1c*h than 2Vi pounds each.
''•'*. '.
Mr.Pot-ur McLean, wh hn» been In
Stewart and Prince Rupert for tho
last ten months roturned to Fornio
n Thursday t thiB week.
wholesale Immigration through tho
lowering of tlio renl fictions was denll
with nnd the IioIIowiiohh of thn truth
of tlm crleH about "lnbor Hliorliigc."
declnred to lie merely n Hchemo for
tlie purpose nf ilcermiHlng wngeH.
Compulsory nrbltrnllnn wiih decried
it long Htcp tnwnrdH which Ih con-
(Mined within iho provls-dims of the
Leiiliix bill nnd ii1tliouj.il tho principle Is working out I'nlrly wnll thnl
llu-re Ih no r-'iison to Jump In the
concIiiHlnn tlmt compulsory arbitration would be nccoplnblo to both
workers nnd workecs.
Cnlgnry Iihh Hlrniig support for next
yenr'H  Trndi'H   nnd   Lnbor  coiiwohh,
1. I'm hope they get It,
I.--V. Spidell prenched UIh fnrewell
Hortnoii hern Iiihi Hundny n I nil I to n
lnrgo congrcHiillnn. Inking IiIh text
from tho words, "They uru deml, thnt
nought the young chlld'H life," Mntt.
'i-'it). liln i-loHlng reinnrkH were of n
Hturtling nntiire und If In print would
not   Ioiik    \ii>    < iniipiiiii>'(i(<ii>,    im
Itev. Dr. KiiHii'lnook of t-tiimim-rlnnd
Collngo will occupy tho pulpit of thu
JtnptlHt church, on Sundny next. Tho
reverend gent Ionian Iiiih been In
Kernle on prevloiiH occiihIoiih unit m
acknowledged iih ii fluent upenker,
Lust Mondny tho young pooplo of
the UnptlHt church entertained their
frlendH to n Hoclnl ovoning which wiih
one of the moHt plenwnnt In thn exporlonco of tho church. A short program of n-ixliiign, Miming, «ti-„ waH
(Unpenned with nftor which rnko nnd
Uifft-u  Vi.L.x iix:l\x\d. ,.
The LndlPB' Aid of tho TUptlst
church will hold a snlo of homomftdo
rooking In the Johniion-FaJeoner block
Hnturdny I todny» pay duy from 2 |>.
in. and In tho -*vcnlntff. Tea, cake and
colt*-! will nlso bo servo-d. i -ft
Extension Mine Boss
Certificate Cancelled
Result of Special Enquiry Conducted
by Commissioner Stewart-
Fire Boss Discharged
The result of the inquiry conducted
at Ladysmith by ■ Special Commissioner John Stewart is that the certificate., of David McKinnell, mine-
foreman of _.o:* 3 Extension mine is
cancelled. The grounds and purpose
of the inquiry have already.,beeri given
in the Free Press.. Briefly, James
Black claimed that he had been discharged by McKiniiell from his position as fire boss because he had reported the presence of inflammable
gns in a working place. 'Here is the
finding of Special „ Commissioner
Stewart as handed down at the resumption of tlie inquiry at Lady-
smith this morning. -*■
Thc lion. Minister of Mines,'
Victoria. B. C:
From the testimony, given, I am
of the opinion that the body of gas
found in No. 38 stall, 2 west level,
could not be readly cleaned out and
that James S, Black did' his duty in
reporting the circumstances in the
hook kept for that purpose.
In view of this fact, and supported as Black is by evidence of Mrs.
Black and Mrs. Kate Lewis, I' must
believe him when he testifies that
Mr. McKinnell said to him.
"I might as well tell you that this
reporting of gas has given me lots'
of trouble, and I have come to the
conclusion tbat it is nothing but dii*U
'* and -I am not Roing to stand it any
longer. If I, had reported all' the gas
I found when, old Sharpe was there,
I would liave beeit> discharged a hundred times."
.Air. McKiiiueirdoej. not absolutely
'deny, this, for in one .portion of his
, evidence he says:
"I did not use Mr. Sharpe's name
to. my mind, and 1 had no thought
of doing so in my head at the time."
In another part he says:
"I swear that I'did not use it, that
■  is, so far as I can rememlier."
When questioned by me as to the
statement by Mr. Black that he said
that "the reporting of gas had given
him, lots of trouble, , Mr. McKinnell
made the following answers:
Q.—Are you satisfied that you did
not   say  that  this, reporting  of  gas
had given you lots of trouble?
„A.—I  am  satisfied  that I did not
.   say it. ,., "'
 LCI jVi.l 1 _.,__onmn >.7i t_	
A.—Well, there is a certain amount
of it I  did  say.    It would  give me
some trouble, as I would have to' go
and ,1001. up the place and examine
* it and would have to take the tim-
berman away from his work to have
it fixed up, aud then there is a" certain amount of annoyance.
Whon questioned by .me, as,, to the
conversation which took * place between Mr. Russell, the manager, arid
himself when he reported having discharged Mr. Black, Mr. McKinnell
answered  me  as  follows:
Q.—What did Mr7Russell say? ,
A.—I could not just repeat what he
said. I think he said I would have
to be cautious.
Q.—Cautious about discharging firemen?
A.—Yes, I think it was something
like that;*
Q.—You do not remember what Ire
A.—No, I could not remember exactly what he said.
Q.—Could you convey some idea as
to what he, said?
*   A.—No, I could not.
Q.—You do not forget instructions
from your superior officers as quickly
as that do you?,
A,—Well, • in' the mornings we have
not got much time from the time we
got off the train, and' I have considerable work to do.
■ Q.—You do not remember what he
told you?     ,.,        * *   -     .
A.—No,, I do not, I might tell you
Q.—Did he ask you to take Mr.
Black back?
A—Yes. ■  '      **■'•._
Q.—You. remember that?' „    .
A.—I remember that.
Q—What did he say when he asked
jou to take  Mr Black back?
A—Well, he said he had seen Mr.
Black at C a. m. I could not repeat
what else he, said; something. about
I was to take'Tiim back:
Q,—You do not remember parts of
the conversation that took place between Mr. Russell and yourself?
A—No, I could not.
Q.—Can you remember nothing that
Mr. Russell told you at all?
A.—Well, he told me, that if I did
not want him it would be all-right.
Q.—Did he insist-that* you take him
A."—1 am not sure.
I therefore  find    that    David  McKinnell, by reason of gross negligence
is unfit to discharge his duty as over-
Certificate of Competency No. ,B. 37,
which is hereby cancelled. ■
I have the honor to be, sir:
Your obedient servant, -
'Look at both of 'em,' said the gen
'"There's the workhouse,' snid tlie
retired general. 'But. it's a howling
sliamo,' lie went on, 'that a hulking
great clmp like you'should want to go
into it. Tried Ills Majesty's Forces?
Tlio Army?    The  Navy?'
"I looked ii)i then. This representative of tho unemployed was a hefty
groat chap, nnd no mist alee.
" 'Don't wnnt to go into iho Army,
sir,' ho snld. 'When there's anything
going* in my job I can enrn better
money thnn Army pay '
'"And yot,' snid tho gonornl, triumphantly, 'you now wnnt tho country
to keep you! That's what it comes
lo indirectly, doesn't it?'
" 'I reckon It does,' said tho unemployed chap.
" 'In exchange,' tho old general wont
on, 'you'll brouk *■**• much granite Hei
you by n tnskmnBter nt, the nonrest
workhouse, My scheme's tho thing'—
tho old gontlomnn broke off—tho
tiling. And' there's n representative
of tho Force,' hn Hnld, spotting mo.
"Tho rnggod scump jumped,,
" Torrkorlni Force,' laughs (ho gon-
"Thon I .vas brought into tho conversation,
"'Whnl'H your Idon of tlio Territorial Korco ns a whole?' he iiHked
"'A thuroiitthly dependable fighting
' lac-tor."' I iniHWurcid hlm houoHtly, 'If
it were very niuqh numerically
Htretigt honed.
"'Thill's It,' rrlcd the old gentle,
mini, 'Niiiin-rlciilly Hlreiigtlieiied. And
--here we nie.'
"'Whoro?' I nuked. I Hhould nnl
hnvo been mirprlwd nt anything Imp.
iiciiin*.** ibiK iiiiiii'iiniiii—not If overy
lili'ido nl ji ni*-***** lind grown Into a Tor-
rllnrlnl  iccriili.
"SoiiihIh nn her like nn allegory,
don't It?--li ln-iivi-iily hi nry wllh no
enn lily  inclining. " v,
"Then I tumbled to it that he meant
the unemployed man and the boy
scout. ■,
'"I don't follow you sir,' I said. I
"Just then a chap, wearing spectacles
comes up, reading.
'/•'lie's something to do with It,
too," said tlie general. "Good afternoon, schoolmaster.'
"Tho' schoolmaster * shut up his
" 'Don't let me interrupt you,' says
tlio goneral.
" 'I've beon thinking,' snld the school
mnstor, that I might learn moro' from
you, sir.'
" 'You'vo your own sphoro of usefulness,' snys tho old gontlomnn, 'but
thore uro things thnt'you mny honr
from mo worth teaching hlm'—and ho
pointed to tho boy scout!'
"'Patriotism?' the schoolmaster
" 'Well—n littlo of that vory tnet-
fully—and a lot   of   drilling,   Ho'll
grow up, you know ,ond we wnnt him
to Biibatltuto tho rathor sketchy rig-
out lio wears for what this mnn  Is
"Ho indicated mo,
" 'Thero nro thouBnnds of him In tho
country,' tho genornl went on, referring to tho ■ boy  scout. • 'This  busl-
iiusH glvon tliem n tastci for WiciIch;
li. tencluiR 'om combining,   Thoro nro
n lot whom laugli nt the liny scouts,
lint In throo yenrH '
'"Ho'll bo tho now Territorial
Army,' Hnld tho HchonlnuiHlnr.
" Thoso of hlm thnt are of llio right
Hnrt,' HiiyH tlio gonornl,
"'And tho othors, you won't, wnnt,'
km III tho HchnoliniiHter.
"TrcelHely," Hiiid the genornl. 'And
llioro you hnvo u very fine IhihIh™-
Hie dlnieiiHloiiH nf which largely depend nu you, Mr. HclmolnuiHtor, of un
oxc-ilU-iil HlnndliiK Torrltorlnl Forco,
llul oven Hint won't bo half numeric-
ally Htniiig i iiough on a war fouling!'
'"Then what's the solution?' I
■''llrltifly.* HiiIiI lhe genel'iil, 'fill
liiirrnekH liiHtenil of worklinuiiuB. Lot
'om loiuii to break tho powor of tho
enemies ' of- this country, instead of
granite. Think .of it,' he says very
enthusiastically, 'barracks', in every big
center for training what would be the
granite-breaking, or starving, unemployed to the art and practice of
holding, a rifle and firingt it straight.
Drill—discipline. It's stupendous,'; said
the old gentleman,
" 'I don't see quite how it is practicable,' I said. 'He said that he
could earn more at his trade when
there was work going.   He wouldn't
do it.   He wouldn't joint-this '   ■
" 'Home-Defence- Reserve,', said the
"The unemployed chap nodded his'
head. , '     ..
" 'Not anyhow,' he said.
" 'Not under the existing conditions,
you mean,' said the general. 'I mean
that .when you could get good employment you should be allowed to go and
take it—in every respect a free citizen again. Just the same, in fact, as
when you leave the workhouse. Only
you'd have been better employed than
at breaking granite in return for your
board and lodging, and the cost to
the ^country in taxes would, if you go
into the, matter, be little or no more
than the ratepayers pay for the upkeep of workhouses. Think •■ of the
thousands who would go. through that
mill annually. Think of 'em, if necessity arose, all used to it, and say,
is not that a practicable solution to
the Home-Defence problem—an economic solution. It's a rough outline,
of* course,' he says, 'but test it, think
of it—and see!'
"Well," Kernahan concluded, "I
thought, arid lost myself in thinking
of  it. " '  ■   *-
"When I looked up that boy scout'
had untethered my horse and was trying to mount.
" 'You want a ladder, kid,'' I said
to him. *.*       ,- **■
"'He-won't in three years' time,
said the general—and that meant several things."
The above is an extract from a short
story in "The Modern', Man" written
by John'Hilary Garratt showing what
is the real purpose of the Territorials
and the. Boy Scout movement and thc
argument advanced ought to convince
the most skeptical, but it won't that
all the talk about' "patriotism; love of
country" -and similar flubdubbery is
ruthlessly cast aside and the real pur-
pose-shows forth in all its nakedness
and rottenness, to get the best physical material for the legalized murder
tons. The army and navy—note the
argument—better in the army than In
the workhouse, perhaps some of the
taxpayers loudly declaimii^., against
the expenses of the upkeep '.of the
workhouses will not object to additional impositions for the strengthen-
people this world contains, Here's
an individual unable to obtain' work
clearly proving that capitalism is unable ,to meet the requirements of
society, and to escape from the re-,
suits of its own inadequacy the unfortunate is appealed to on tho stomach side of his intelligence to don
the uniform.'1 This is the reason" that
thousands join and yet penny - gaff
wind-purveyors talk loudly of patriot-
■ ism. Why npt be honest and tell lt
out straight and manly? You have a
good strong constitution and able to
withstand thc hardships of army lifo
therefore' como and join as you will
be well fed,-well housed nnd well
worked whilst you are ln the forces,
into competition with the town workmen. ' - .- ■ .--.'■" %
In the country districts the wife and
children raise vegetables, chickens and'
eggs.. Aid when there is a cow arid
no rent,'or very little rent, the man
of the family can accept extremely
low wages. •> '  7
And what is the result? Almost
every factory in Belgium has an available labor supply that includes practically the,entire working class of
Belgium:      " '''
A Nearly every worker in that country can reach -any" factory .in that
country and return to, his home the
same night, and.he can do it at practically, no cost. ,. ■
And the.result, is enormously beneficial to capital. Labor'can be quickly distributed to the points where it
is most needed. -.
The entire reserve army of labor,
the unemployed, can be drawn at a
day's notice to "' any point, where
capital needs its services',   --.'
The benefits to capital of, cheap
transportation    are    enormous,    the
benefits .to1 labor are questionable.
Certainly there is an advantage in
being able to live in the country, but
it means a long day.
To own one's own house and fields
gives some security against unemployment. Besides the wife and children
have field work instead of factory
work.  ■ .,7
But* the town workers, must suffer.
Their wages are lowered by the com-
.petition of the rural workers and their
wives and children must toil to ■ eke
out a living.        __ .    *,.   , " ■   ';
And there is another disadvantage
and that is the "great difficulty there
is in organizing workers who live so
widely apart arid must rush for trains
as soon as the day's work' is done.
And the fact is that the state-owned
railways of Belgium with their cheap
transit explain in part at least why
the wages in "Belgium are' the lowest
in Europe and the trade unions are
the ..weakest.
45. Steam-Heated Rooms
Hot and Cold.Baths.
The King Edward
Fernie's fLeading  Commercial Hotel    ;
The Finest Hotel In East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
A Clean Man
Outside elesnllneni it Ini than half the buttle, A min may
•enlb himself« do7.cn timet » dty, ind dill b« unoleaji. Good
health meant el (-uiili •■•_■» not only uutmde, but ■m.iile. It intam
• clean ttomach, clean howelt, clean blood, a olean liver, and
new, dean, healthy tittuet, Tlie man who it ilcan in thii we
will look it and aot it. He will work with energy and thin'
dean, dear, healthy thouilhti,
. lie will never be troubled with liver, lun-f, ttomach or blood
ditordert. Dyt-peptin and inditfeilion originate in unclean itom-
aeht, lllood iiiiemc« are found where tliere '.* unelean blood.
Contumption and bmnciiitit mean unclean lungi,
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
-fircvariu these AUeeeee,   It makes a man'a Intldea oltan
. and healthy.   It cleans the digestive or-fans, makes pure,
clean blood-, and clean, healthy flesh.
Tt reaforei tone to the nftv-u. tyttern, and cures ntrvoot ethiuitlw. end
pm*tretlon.   It enntein* nn iilrohol or titbit •forroin-t draft.
Constipation it tho mott unelesn unelesnllnns. Dr. heree't Pleasant Pellets cure it.   They never gripe.   P.ssy to take as candy.
By Robert Hunter,
It is porhaps well known to most
Amorlcnns that the railway systom of
Belgium is owned and workod by tho
lt, is a well conducted, admirably
administered system of transportation,
and In many ways a modol of what
a rnllwny systom shoudl be,
Ono scos frequently In our nows-'
papors advertisements of tho slato
railways of Belgium,.for tho purposo
of Inducing Amorlcnn tourists to
travol In comfort nnd safety through
that country.
Faros on tho Belgian railways aro
remarkably low and for those who
buy yearly tickets tho prlco of travel
Is almost nothing,
.or lnstanco, ono can travol 31
miles a day back and forth, six dnys
a wook, for about -IO Mnts.
Now, this remarkably cheap flystom
of transportation has had its of foot
on tho condition of tlio Dolginn working class,
About ono hunilrod thousand working mon travel dnlly on thoso stato
rnlhvnys, botwoon their tiny fields nnd
hoiiHOH and tliolr city workshops.
Early In tho morning ono booh long
trnltiH Blurting from lho rtirnl districts In nil parts of Belgium to curry
tho workers Into tho lnrgo towns to
work, And from dusk well Into tho
night (inn noes train nftcr train returning from town lo dopoult tho
workmen   ngnln   nonr  their  country
There nrn casr-fl whoro worklngninn
go morning find evonltig n« much its
!I0 milos to work,
Tlm cunt Is bo slight that It means
littlo or nolhing for n workmnn to
llvo nt ono ond of Belgium and to
"■-.i-V   rvn-i-,-1   itiw   (fi   (toy   nt   t\\n   nt\\n\'
end of TtelKlum,
Now, curiously onough, tIiohh Htato,
owned railway*, nre of enormous nd-
vantage to the capital If"*!-*! of Belgium.
Wlmlovor thu benefits to tho workors may bo of cheap transportation
,1 1       -.      Ill        i    ,       4 1.        . .,.11.11,,I,,       I,      «„,.
*...',       ,>_M'.,»,«,      ,.,,/      i.fc»V     W.*y ,i.wt. tu.u     .,.     *u..
Clionp IrntiRportntlon onnblos workmen to movo onsily from ono plnco
to anothor, and It, therefore, vastly
Increases tho nroa from which tho
Hiipply of workors cnn bo drawn.
It not*, only onnblon lho workers nf
tho extromo onds of a town to compete wllh onob other, It brings Into
tho field of competition nil tho work-
t*r« In tho outlying districts nnd oven
from all the neighboring town» 20 to
"0 miles dlHtnut.
The wnges of the working class In
Il'-Jgluni arc very low and perhaps
tli'** rlil**-** m-iinn for Dwno low wn%*n
i* tho fnct that tho workers owning
their own littlo homes are brought
Thinking that'' very probably it may
be pf interest to many of our readers
to know that" there is but little difference iii the* tactics .employed in
different parts of the world by those
engaged in industrial conflicts' regardless of ..the fact, that language
is different and oceans divide we
will give a few details on this conflict. ■      ,.   ■  , '
In the first. place the press have
heralded this as°a strike of coal
miners, whereas it is of iron ore
miners. The following statistics' are
obtained from a* report of a Spanish
engineer. named . Arisqueta, according
-to--^whieh—during— the--32—years—that-
operations have been* carried on extensively'there have been 150 million
tons of ore extracted and the calculations are that there are at. least
61 ■ million tons yet untouched. One
hundred and forty million tons have
been sent to" Middlesborough, Cardiff
and Liverpool for treatment. In tho
province of Biscay there are 197
mines in operation, the principal ones
are "Orconera," belonging to the
Ibarra Brothers company and exploited by the Orconera Iron Ore company, whose ouput totals 93,696 tons:
"Rubia" property of J. McLennan,
n3,391 tons; "Diana," belonging to the
Gnndarrin family, 75,-127 tons, There
nrii a number of smaller concerns, but
those ''named are. tlio chief ones nt
present.       '
Tho conditions of tho minors finally, became so intolerable that they decided to striko, but'at the suggestion
of tho mlnlslor of works n commission was appointed to' hold a conference with representatives of both
pnrties to the controvorsy on the
board, After lengthy discussions the
operators finally conceded to grant
the men a decrease of half an hour
In'the day's work, that, Is 10V_ hours
to constitute a shift lnstond of 11 ns
This tho workers' representatives rejected as thoy folt that tho oporators
woro simply "stringing" thom or thoy
would not havo put forward so
foolish a proposition and Its offor was
proof that llioy wore -not honost In
thoir assertions of a doslro to bring
tho strugglo to a satisfactory conclusion or (hoy would not havo mado
so ridiculous a proposal. Although tho
mlnistor urged upon tho mine-owners
to niiiku furthor concessions, If such
iho ono offorod mny bo so tormod,
but. thoy romnlnod obdurate, nnd ho
Dw conforenco ondod Its labors with--
out nny bonoflt. accruing, On tho dny
following tho conforonco they Issued
a uotlco Hint tlios* had reached tho
mnxlmiim of what thoy Intondod to
concede* by the ono-hnlf hour decroaso
adding that thoy woro making n
"fitupd-ndoiiH Hficrlflco."
Hvory attempt wns made to Induce
tho minors lo return lo' work, but
cajolery, throats and oxtrn pay only
Induced Iohh thnn fin to apply for
work, but iih this number wiih nlto-
gel her Insufficient to porform the noo
cSHiiry work the "loyalists" woro sent
nwny without nny compunction and
the promises mndo woro left unfulfilled,
Tlie above short- description might
" Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000    Reserve, $6,000,000
Arrangements have recently been completed under which the branches
of this Bank are able to Issue Drafts on the principal points
-   ,,   In the following countries:
. Austria-Hungary
Braril _   *'
Bulgaria    .
Ceylon, \
Denmark  <**■   *
Faroe Islands
Finland Ireland
Formosa Italy
France Japan
F.chCocbin-Cbra_ Java
Great Britain
Holland,   .
India   .
Mexico      •*■*
Persia "
Phillipine Islands
Siam -
South Africa
Straits Setttanenta
West Indies        ro.
and elsewhere ■■
L. A. S, DACK, Manager, Fernie.
We dig up
Many a golden opportunity for investors in real estate. Chances to
make good money they would never
hear of come to our knowledge.
drop in and get acquainted. If.we
haven't just what you want we'll
get it for you if it is to be had.
Insurance and Reai Estate
Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised ... .$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed  $5,575,000
Capital  Paid  Up   .'.'..7 .$5,330,000.00   Reserve-Fund   .*.*" .. $5,330,000 *
D. R. WILKIE, President       .   HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,* Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, 0Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
'-      Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of. deposit.
GEO.'I. B.BELL, Manager
Fernie Opera House
M ov i rt g
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr,
Lumber,   Lath, Shingles,  Sash, Doors
is what applies to,this lumber '
yard. - When  you  look  over-
the    -   -,.
_" we have on hand for supply-
ing ^he   BuiTdfin_™r_emands7"
"you'll realize what a .lot of
,■'  "cross cuts" it took beforo it
*' was ready for market.   -
* everything  aiid   anything   in
■    the lumber line.,, "
Phone 23 P.O. Box 22
ISvory iniin ronnoctod with mining,
whothor lid Ir ii Inboror, Biinorlnlond-
out, iiiunagor, mining oiiglnoor or own-
or, Ib liitorontod In flocnrlng IdotiB tlmt.
will fliivo him thnu nnd nialto moro
monoy for him .
An --1'i.itnlziillon Iiiih boon built up
nt ii iiii; uxpoiullLuro tlmt Ib scouring
Uio mining world for monoy mnklng,
monoy driving Idons,
Tho lirobloniR ihnt ono mnn hns
falk-d to uolvo another man Homowhere
*,,» , . . ....   *
Be Up-to-date and Equip Your Works with
I Canadian General Electric Co. 1
Induction Motors
Full Information and Quotations Cheerfully Furnished
Calgary Branch Office:      325 A Eighth  Ave.   West
litis Rolvod, iiiid It la lho work of this
bo iiiipll-'d to pnicilcnlly nny country j orgiuilzntloii to Honrch out mining pro-
iimitM' (im miii v,ii**i*j Kihk Cuiuhhj.   i)|umH iu„* t||Ulr aoIuiioiiH, to cinsaiiy,
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
Wo havo Just cloarod our Biimmor stock out nnd now wo aro
rondy to fit you lip for tho winter from hond to foot. If you aro
looking for tho futuro nnd Intend to biivo your monoy purclmso
your goods from ub. Wo hnvo JiiRt bought tho Btock of Mr. Jamos
lltuldnd and now wo nro carrying n vory largo Block df ladles' and
gontB' furnlBlilngfl, Trunks nnd vnllBos, In fact, ovorytlilng for,
mon, womon and chlldron.
Our $1.25 Swontov Coals lmvo no equal. Onr $l,7fi Pon Anglo
UndersultB havo thom nil lionton,
Our BuitH. aro jiml tho kind you nood for stylo and durability.
Wo carry n largo iiHHortinoiit of DooIh and SIiooh, llio host selection that monoy nnd brains can buy, I
N'oxl to Wltfwnm cuiidy Hioru
Noxt to N'iM'tlii'1'ii Hoii.
cliill-iiu holds nwny and fully IUiih-
trill oh that In modos nf procoduro
thoro Ih no "patrlotlsm.*-
APFr.lAt    PATF   ON   HAV
iloglnnlng Soptombor 12, n opoclnl
rnto nn hoy from -.Ontario to tho
Kontr-nuy will go Into forco on tho
Canadian Pacific rnllwny. From Toronto to .Vrhnn nnd nth-*>r points on
tlio hiiiiio basis tho rixto will bo U
conts iii-i- hiindrod pounds. A slmllnr
spoclnl niti- not yot specified -will bft
Hlvcn upon potatoes.
No. 1 timothy hay is soiling at
prcBont In Ontnrlo nt from $10 to $12
por ton f. o, b. If tlio spoclnl rnto
njf-ntJoin-il .should lead to oxtt-nslvo
Xinrrhntpr. f(1r f-jrfffflh rnhmWn thin
prlco will probably show a tondoncy
to rlso.
arniugo nud simplify them,
Think what this melius—It means
that now It la posslblo (or any man
to sccuro tho ideas, tho echomos, tho
very working plans thnt nro building
mining successes overywhoro,
Minos nnd Minors is so woll known
to ovory mnnngor, suporlntondont and
coal mining offlclnl that It Is not no-
cossnry to mnko any explanation ot its
morn for thoir bonoflt. Thoro nro
many, how-over, who aro nowcomors
in tho country and as thoy vory prob*
ably would llko to got Idons regarding
matters dealing with tho mining Industry, wo can ssy without four of
contradiction tbat Uils publication is
tho vory bust of ito kind.
Wo have mado fltrnngomontB with
tho publish*™ of this monthly to mako
somo exceptionally advantageous club-
Wrm- txttot'cc
Mines and Mlnornls om» yoar....$2.G0
Tho District Lodgor ono yoar.... 1.00
Exnmlnntion Quest Ions for. Cortlfl-
cntos of Compotonoy In Mining..3,r>0
Combination prlco $3.50.
Minos nnd Mlnoriils, for ono yoar
12 big 132 pngo Isbuob, and  Tho
District Lodger for ono yoar, 62
issuos, regular   prlco   for both,
$3,60, for. ; 93,00
Mlnos and Mimintk, one year...,$2,r-0
Tho District Lodger ono yoar.... 1.00
Conl iind Metal Minora fncknl
UOOK ItllMlKf MIHI     ••     .  •     .«t#     W.VV
- Th« District Lad-gar la tha place to
go for your good work In the Job
Printing Lint.
Pleading "guilty"  at London  sob-
r\n\\n in ninnHno; n trloyotn ElMtioy
li'nvtov, nflr-d ?,*t, -ma-In tho follnwlm*
stntomonl: "I cnmo out of T'ortlnnd
(whoro ho had nerved throo yenrs'
pomil sorvltudo) on Saturday, August
0, I had 10a -Id, but whon I reached
uomo only in iuul a iuw cop..-i» -ncio
loft. I found my fathor nnd brothor
out of worlc nnd my sister Ids behind lu rent. I pawned tho suit of
clothes. I hod from Portland and
raised 10s towards tho ront on Monday, On Tuesday my father and I
tried to got work, nnd whon I got
homo 1 pawned "my underclothing for
supper. I tried*; my ,>flMt t0 Kot tl
shilling ono way or tho othor, but I
could not, nnd on Thursday I wont
out with the Intention of stealing. If
I could havo dono so I would have
got work." Mr. Lovoland, K. C:
That is no excuse for stonllng. Twelve
months. y-
IV '"'\
Terrible Explosive
y■  „ * „ 0-       —I : ' 7 7   .   .
Experts, Say 'Mine Workers   Face
Dangers Not Hitherto Even
Comprehended \
r*' * i* .*■
/ >■
" .WASHINGTON, Sept. 17,—That the
dust'of bituminous coal is an explosive and more insidious, threatening
and -* deadly to * the -miner 0 than * firedamp, is the assertion of George S;
Rice, chief mining engineer" of the
bureau of ■mines. This belief has been
proved"1 beyond doubt by experiments
of the last two years at the Pittsburg testing station of the United
States geological survey, whicli is now
a part of the bureau of mines. While
many mine operators and miners have
Relieved .that the coal <_,ust would
ignite from an explosion of firedamp
in a mine, nearly all contended that
the dust, in a mine free from gas
could not, explode. Consequently in
many mines where no firedamp could
be detected, miners have paid littlo
attention to accumulation of dust
from cutting of coal, and it is in these
mines, Mr. Rico declares, some of the
great disasters have taken place..
:-. .In a bulletin just issued by the bureau, Mr. Rice refers especially to, the
appaling series of great widesweep-
ing' disasters that occurred' in the
United States in 1907, as evidence of
• the , terrible havoc wrought by*'dust
explosions.       7
Report of Disaster.;
.■' On January 23, at the Primero
mine, Colorado, there were 24
deaths; on January 26'at the Penco
mine, West Virginia, 12 deaths; on
January 29, at the Stuart mine, near
Fayettevllle,' \V.,.Va'.,  90  deaths;* on
.February 4, - at the Thomas mine,
Thomas, W. Va., 25 deaths;   on De-
-comber, 1, at the Naomi mino, Pennsylvania, 35 deaths; on. December 6,
at, the Monongah mine, West Virginia,
occurred the greatest disaster in the
history of coal mining in the United
States, 358 lives having .been lost; on
December 16,. at the Volande mine,
Alabama, 56* men'were killed, and on
December 10 at the Darr mine, _30,
men were killed. In this black month'
of December alone, says Mr. Rice, 648
men were sacrificed, chiefly from Hie
.effects of coal dust, which if not the
'jnitial cause,  in  all  cases, was  the
"agency carrying death:      ■ ." [
.It was after these explosions that
the 'federal government took- up  an
inquiry into the'causes of the disas-
7ter-s__an.d__,es£ablished--tlia. testing sta-
tion at Pittsburg.    The   very    first
.■work was to prove.to the mine oper-^
ators and miners.that coal dust alone
would explode. The dust was placed
lira cylinder 100 feet long and six
feet in diameter,-with a cannon em-'
bedded, in one end. , This cannon was
filled ^with black powder    and    discharged, into, the coal dust.
*i   ■ - ,    "
. Terrific Explosion Follows.
* In practically every instance there
was a terrible explosion, even more
violent' than that .caused by firedamp.
Each succeeding experiment went
further to prove thai coal dust Is the
real,great danger of the mines. Firedamp ^according to Mr.,Rice, carries
its own warning. Whenever"* gas is
present in the mine In dangerous
quantities a blue flame rises from the
safety lamp to notify the miner, but
coal dust, though visible, does not attract attention unless present in large
quantities. , Firedamp is generally
found in certain parts of the mine,
and except In notable and very exceptional cases is controllable by means
of the ventilating currents. If by
mischance a body of firedamp is, ignited in a mine the force of the "explosion is' terrific, but the effect is
localized unless dry coal dust is present, or unless (as rarely happens) an
explosive mixture of air and gas extends through large areas of the mine.
In a mine that is dry, dust accumulates everywhere, and the blast from
the ignition and combustion of the
bituminous dust may traverse miles
of rooms aud entries and even wreck
structures at the entrance of the mino.
French   Engineers "Convinced.'
One.of the unaccountable phases of
the, coal dust' problem has heen the
disinclination of operators and miners to. believe ,■ that the dust would
explode without, the presence of gas.
The'United "States was not,alone in
this, for the French .engineers refused to believe in this until the great
disaster occurred at Courrier'es in
1906, in which 1,000 men lost their
lives. Since that terrible catastrophe,
a testing station has been established
in France, and now the French engineers are fully convinced of the dangers* of coal dust.
Now, since it is generally accepted that bituminous ..coal dust, is explosive, the federal investigators have
been looking' for the remedy. , Various experiments, in sprinkling the
"roadways of the mines, in saturating
the- air entering the mine with steam
so as to produce a humid effect, in
placing zones .of stone dust in the
mines, have all been tried with various success. A- numl5er~of~tHeso~exr
periments are described'by Mr. Rice
in' the bulletin. Interesting. chapters
on different, phases of the work have
been contributed by such well known
men as J. C. W. Frazer, Axel Larsen,
Frank Haas and Carl Scholz. ,
Days When They Ail Had Sufficient
Income Has Passed.
Says Too Many of His People Die rn
Canada in Dynamite
LONDON, Sept. 17.—The payment
of members of parliament will bo one
of tho live questions of British
polities' after the Lords' veto has been
disposed'of, Tho British parliament
is ono of tho very few'national legislative bodies whicli serves without
pay. "     ,
This may hnvo been all right ln
tho days of restricted suffrage nnd
pocket boroughs when only tho gentry
woro supposed to be sont to tho commons. But thore is a steadily increasing number of mombors of parliament who must bo Becurod'an In-
como at least sufficient to live on,
This Ih particularly truo of parties
moBt of wIiobo mombors nro without
•moans. Thanks to tho Irluh-Amorlcans
largely, tho Irish party Ib nblo to tako
euro of Its mombors, and up to *'n
short tlmo ago tho Labor party,
through nn iiHsosRmont lovlod on
trades union mombora, mot tho ox-
poiiROH of its mombors of parliament.
Tho courts havo, howovor, declared
this Wannl and tho Labor party In
facing a crisis,
It will rosult Inn determined offort
to' adopt tho pnymont. of salarloH to
mombors of parllnmont nnd thoro Is
littlo doubt that It will bo'succoRHful.
Tho proposal of tlio railway sorv-
nntH Ib that a central logal dofonso
fund Hhould bo formed for tho purposo of "carrying to tlio hlghost* logal
court any to»l ciiho affecting lho fundamental principles of orgnnlxod
labor." Such a fund Ib bo obviously
noroRsiivy tliut tt Ib Burprlsing that. It
has not yot boon instituted. For ox-
ample, prnctlcnlly tho wholo of tho
cost of rocont. litigation on tho political application of tho tradOH union
fii-n'l" hni' txoon linrno hv thn rnllwny
norvnntR In tho Osboruo caso. But
tho doclslon Ib ouo willed Htfeui-a.
ovory trades union, mid tho railway
servants woro fighting tho battle of
tolim .all. A Rmall union could' not
hnvo faced tho rout, but tho establish-
i,«v;;l cf -*1. covD'ft) rlofnnno twiiI would
mako tho motto of tho trndo unions
ln really fundnmont.nl quoRtlons,
"Touch ono, touch all,*'
noynold'R wooltly organ of tho
tradoR unions Hays, "Tho old syatom
of financing labor momborH was a
ncccflswy ntago of dovnlopmi»nt, but It
had Itfl dofocts and Its woitUnoBBon,
In tho futuro wo must proceod mi
now lines, It \* not. labor members
nlono who must bo pnld. In every
party it ought to bo possible for tho
pooplo to put forward any candidate
thoy ploaao, Tho truo solution \* to
ba found In tho propoial of tho Fur-
uUUtng TVadca federation, namely, universal payment of mombera by tho
MONTREAL, Sept. 17.—Norwegian
newspapers of August 22 contain a
strongly worded warning apparently'
issued by the Norwegian department
of justice to Norwegian laborers
against taking employment on railway construction work In Canada. ■
. The warning was based upon tlio report of,the Norwegian consul-general
ln Montreal, who blames tho railway
contractors for not- treating their la-
borors fairly and declares that thoir
system of employment Is contrary to
modern humanitarian idens nnd says
that ho Is not afraid of pronouncing
his opinion bocauso ho hns a sufficient
number of cases on .file to prove his
Tho coiibuI whoso namo Is Arvld
Jacobson, stntod that tho number of
men omployod In Cnnndlnn rnilway
construction according to official statistics avorngo 35,000, About 150 bf
thoso nro annually klllod hy dynnnilto
explosions and other nccldonts, while
probably n gront or numbor dio In hospitals as a result ot Injuries rocolvod
by oxpoHiiro-or otherwise Among
tho mon on tho rond thoro woro probably between two nnd throo thousnnd
Norwegians niul a similar number of
Swod-efl and othor Scnndlnavlnns. Most
of tho mon from tho Scandinavian
countries woro omployod In dnngorous
work, handling of dynnr-Mlo and mining of rocks.
llognrdlng ilotitliR nnd nccldontR in
tlio courso of construction work In
Canada ho snyfl oxporlonco Rhows It Ib
prnctlcnlly lmpoHslhlo to obtain information of dontliB occurring on con-
Rtruotlrm work, caused by nccldonta
or othorwlso, nnd that It Ib also prac-
ttcnlly ImpoBBlhlo to got. nny oxnet,
and rollnblo Information of the name,
nationality and homo of tho vIctlmR,
Property loft by mon who aro klllod
on such wjnrk or who die In liOHpltnln,
ofton dlsnppoars and lt is impossible
for relatives to tnko action and clnlm
damn*, b, which thoy moat certainly
should ho nntltlod to In special enso*?,
according to tho various pruviuciui
lawn i-jtiU-Jh'h vuiiii/ii.iHiilloii 1(> rcb-
tlvoii of laborers killed or Injured
Tho wagoR duo tho deconnod mon
ofton romnin on thoir boolm and tho
deposits mndo In tho banks romnin
n« iinrlnlmnd. Thn nrtlotp further
Stilton that tho. mattor has boon
brought by tho consul-gonornl In
Montreal boforo tho Canadian authorl-
Hon, who hnvo pnld littlo or no attention to tho mattor.
original proposition, that the red flag
was, an,'imitation of the flames of
fire, or rays of the sun. *-'
■•■ Baal, the great Sun God of .the
Phoenecians, had the same attributes
as "Ceres, the particularly friendly
deity of the agriculturalist.' The fire
worshippers, :as veil .as those'.'of the
sun, would naturally select for symbols or banners, the red color, as the
most perfect imitation of the visible
form of their deities. •
The history of savage' man in
nearly all parts of the globe shows,
an early use of fires to', signal, from
hills- and mountains, the' information
(otherwise so difficult of transmission) as to attack, • defense or condition. 7' -*,'*•
The natural sequence would be the
adoption of red signals-(the best representative color), for use .during the
day. Therefore,' it is not unfair to
presume that the earliest' flag was
red, as the logical use and linqual
connection amply testify.
The mythological patronesses of
agriculturalists and laborers were
Ceres. Pomona, Minerva, Prosperine
and others, whose names have allied
themselves to the' products of the
field and orchard of the present day.
These goddesses were always clothed
ini flaming red, and the color became
identified with their laborers ln their
clothing, their symbols and their decorations.  • "
- It was the favorite color of' the
pleblans ' of Rome; it was the emblem of the poor of Athens. -So endeared to it were the so-called lower
classes in Rome, that (after they were
admitted to the army) the crimson
banners were, by-order of their patri-
can leaders, thrown' into the ranks
of the enemy, that the plebian legions
might be forced to exert their utmost
valor to reclaim their 'dearest emblem, y ■
The usurpation of-red by the ruling
classes in Rome was a part of the
program to disintegrate the com-,
munes and extinguish the love of the
coloi in* the' hearts of the workers,
by the sight of it on the persons of
their exploiters and masters,   "
Legal enactments prohibited its plebian use. These restrictions are said
to have so disturbed the Phoenecian
dyers of the color that the secrets of
their .craft were not,-transmitted;-and
like so many, others (notably tempering the Damascus blade), it took
its place among the lost arts, * The
red apparently 'degenerated .into the
royal purple, and the red returned to
its primal significance and use, the
color of the producing' class, and no
longer that' of its^enemics,'
The ancient communes of fraternal
organizations of laborers of_ Rome
lCT~Ctirenff~w"e"re~nearly-alYv'ays—upholders* of the red" flag", although their
earlier banners , carried inscriptions
relative to the deities supposed to be
favorable to labor, in ■ general, or to
the particular crafts' represented.
Following the progress of the Roman legions through what is now
Spain, France and the. neighboring
country, on and into Great Britain,
were established the trado, organizations, and with them, in nearly every
instance, was the red flag,
To enumerate the trades that carried the red flag, would include nearly all—marble Cutters, masons, carpenters, saddle' and bridle "makers,
confectioners, cheese handlers, cutters, Bilk workers, glazioi'8, weavers,
shoemakers, tannorB, glove makers,
furriers, painters, hatters, surgeons
and apothecaries, who wore listed
among tho "lower clnssos" all these
and many others had tho red banner.
Tho significance of tho rod bnnner
from early days was eminently peaceful, as Ub patrons were tho nods of
husbandry, orchard nml vino, nnd ol
tho kindred, organizations. The
bloody and contompllblo attributes
which aro raisod in condemnation of
tho rod flags nre, u conllminnce of
that fierce hatred for any representation of labor which causod tho donth
of a million Roman rovolters, and
which has charnctorla,od tho whito
handed, tho fat, and Iho tyrnnnlcnl
ln evory era.
- "We, your "Jury, have come to the
decision that. David Terry met -his
death as the result of being" run over
by" a. runaway loaded car, thereby receiving a fracture at the base of the
skull and other injuries, on, the incline leading from No. 12 place, No.
3 mine, Extension,. which caused his
death. .
"Rider 1.—We therefore recommend
that greater precautions be taken in
handling cars- at the approach to
such inclines to prevent cars from
running away previous to being attached to" the.rope.
"No. 2.—We also should recommend
that strangers or novices- being engaged in such risky or hazardous occupations ' should receive definite instructions before being allowed to
engage In such work.
"No. 3.—As _the evidence given by
the Chief Inspector of Mines shows
that a very large percentage of the
deaths caused in mining, are as a
result generally of the haulage system adopted,' and as the special rules
in the mining act does not cover
this particular part of the haulage
system, namely, the approach to
such-inclines, wo'strongly recommend
that such provisions be made in the
mining act to prevent such accidents."
The above is a copy of the verdict
arrived at by the jury empanneled by
Coroner Davis this morning at Lady-
smith lo inquire into the circumstances of the death of David Terry,
who died as the result of injuries ..received . in No. 3 Extension mine on
Wednesday last. 'While at work on
that day, deceased was caught by a
runaway loaded car and fatally injured. He was taken direct to Che-
inainus hospital where he succumbed
to his injuries yesterday morning.
Deceased who was" only 29 years of
age came from . Australia, and had
only7been in .the country about six
weeks.    ..
The funeral; the arrangements for
which, are in the hands of D. J. Jenkins, will take place tomorrow afternoon at,'Ladysmith.
A Pointed and Popular, Discourse on
The- Law of Value.    .,    «'
,  What .is' "economics"?
Political economy*' is the science
of national housekeeping. Economics
in* all its phases is the science which
examines into    the    production  and
Its Hilt-Dry ai Sketched by Oiborne
Tho word "flag" Ih worthy of
notico. It is ;Bnld "Flag" Is dorlved
from tho Lntln "flnmtna," a alngular
circumstance-; wo can without difficulty irnoo th« progrMi of tho
word, and wo havo a blazing tiro,
blazo, Namo, -which carrion   aa   an
Ily tho Canadian Northern steamer
Itoynl Kdwnrd on Tliiirmlny, Sopt. 1,
n pnrty of glrlR loft HrlRloI for Cnnndn undor lho nusptcoB of tlio Canadian Immigration Guild, This Ib tho
flriit. pnrty to lonvo lOiiKlnnd. This
now organization was doHcrlhod In tho
Canadian Mnil of AukiikI 111 in an
Intorvlow with MIbh SI. John Wlio-
man, Lndy Laurier, wlfo of tho Prlmo
Minister of tho Dominion, Is tho honorable proHidont of tho (Jnnmlluii Immigration Guild, nnd cnniMCl oil with it.
nro mnny of tho iiiohI Inriiioiitliil peoplo In Cnnndn. It Iiiih tlio sanction
nnd itpprovnl of .tlio Dominion nnd
several of the provlnlonl -.ovornmoiitn.
The mnln objoct of tho guild Ir to
onablo working womon In Niiglnnd to
mlgroto to Cnnndn, whoro in every
rospoct thoir chuiicon'of (*i*Ulng on In
the world nro bottor thnn thoy.nro,
unfortunately, In tho lnnd of tlu-lr
Tho guild is propnrcil to advance llu-
Vihoi..' or iuiti at the '''i''!>.')'.C' m-uu-y
to approved desirable H])-)llcnntH who
wlnh to go to Cnnndn. nnd for mifcli
omlgrantR It will rociiio Rltuatlons to
which thoy can go imtnoillatoly 'upon
iniwitntr. Further, until thoy havo got
fairly Rottlc-il in thoir now surround-
IngB, tho guild will oxorclso some
m'.nRiii'O of caro and wntchfulnoRH In
thoir IntoroBtB. Tlio foundor and
organising socrotnry of tho Canadian
Immigration Ouild lu MIbb Bt, John
Wllomnn, whoso ndilroM la 43 Yongo
Btroel Arcndo, Toronto, Canada, Mm.
Dowcll, lato of nidofonl, Dovon, haB
sovorcd hor connoctlon with tho
DomoHtlo dulld, nnd tins become
lndy superintendent of tho Canadian
immigration Guild, with headquarters
at llrlitol, from which port all tho
partita tailing under (he au*plc<>R of
the now guild will, for tho present,
tako iheir dopartnre.-Th-s Canadian
distribution of wealth. Its "business"
is to formulate the laws underlying
production and distribution; commonly .called, respectively, manufactures
and  trade.
In defining economics I used the
word wealth? Hu're we begin to use
economic science. Wealth is an
abundance or collection of commodities. And what is commodity? Here
_ a word bandied from mouth to
mouth to-day, .yet few can explain
what it means. Is a star a commodity? -No. Is a lump of coal a
. A thing becomes a commodity by
combining thoso conditions.
■ First—That it supplies a human
want, r'eal or fancied;it has a use
value. It Is something useful as a
necessity or a luxury.
Second that it required* human
labor powor to produce it, which
gives it exchange value.
Third—That it circulates through
Now, commodities possess exchange
value and exchange in tho market
with each other according to tlio
nmount of social' or combined labor
power that was .put Into thom,
Thus two pnirs of Bhoe.s nro worth
twico ns much ns ono pair, becauso
they had oxpondod on thorn just
twico as much combined or collective lnbor power ns ono pnlr contains.
Prlco Is rnoroly oxchnngo vnluo aot
or expressed in lorms of money-or
that ono pnlr of sIiooh Is worth
$11,00, it: simply shows thnt this pnlr
of Bhoos embodies tho flnmo nmount'
of soclnl or combined human labor
powor that Is containod in $n.0G In
gold or vlco versa,
Again, lt a hat, umbrelln, pair of
BhooH, or chnlr, uro priced ot $11.00,
It Rlmply monns thnt thoy nil contain
nn oqunl amount of social or combined labor power.
This Is tlio celebrated lnbor theory
of vnluo whicli is really tho law of
nnnjnmln Franklin, ono of our I'li'Hl
Amorlcnn irndOH unlonlRtH, wiih ono
of Ith curly dlHcnvororK. Hut thn
labor theory of value wns rnnndnd
out nnd perfected liy ono of thn
gronloat liitollcciH of, all life, and'
tho moHt powerful mlud ovor Identified wllh tho (Iiuho of lnbor. This wns
Karl .Marx, Thoro Ih but ono ol.h-*r
theory nnd thnt Is tho mvrnllod "law
of Hiipply nnd demand". TIioho who
claim that this In tho law which do-
tormlnoH tho vnluo of commodities
Bny that. If tho Hiipply hxcowIh th'o
domnnd thon prices uro "low": If
mipply Ih   Iohh   than   domnnd thon
pricuti uu;.   Lt'tali.
If nny of your fvlondfl who nro mit-h
"prnctlcnl" wlHoncroB, llko ltlarnnrk,
toll you about. Hiipply and dotnnntl-
ask thom to explain this,
Today a ton of iron Ib worth about
$lfi: a tou of Iron converted Into
Hlf.'tO, Oii-ii loUi;d mio irtiin, ,e> <<•»>,;.,
$28; a tou nf Htool converted into
AddlK cIiIkoIb Ib worth about $2,000;
a ton of Htool convorled Into fine hnir
springN for watchoH, $70,800,
Tho ton of hair nprlngB waa nt flrHt
rnoroly a ton of iron worth $15 nnd
Im-rcai-iCil in valuo lo $7C,S0O, ho.
cnuBo In converting tho Iron Into hair
uprlugu thounnndn of hourn of rom.
blncd labor power wero used up,
Thoroforo, (ho oxchango valuo of any
commodity Is determined by tho
amount of average combln-ed labor
powor nocenuary to produce or reproduce It.
Hupply itud dttuuuiil ouly modify
| one way or the other the value of a
commodity.'  Sometimes above its exchange value, sometimes below!
And, further, the usefulness or' utility of any commodity has little to do
with its exchange value. Of course,
if you produce an article which no
one wants, such as * a beautifully
c,arved broomstick, no matter how
much labor is embodied in it, your
labor will be useless and your broomstick "without value. No one wants
a carved broomstick.
On the other hand, some of our
plutocrats do want hadsomely-carved
beds and will pay for them.
Now you can't sleep any better in
a magnificent Louis XVI bed than
you can iif. the plain, ordinary "garden variety" bed. One is just as useful as the other for sleeping purposes. But the ornate bed satisfies
the want for the beautiful which our
plutocrats feel.
And ,the difference in exchange value of the two,,beds is'explained by
the difference in the amount of combined human labor power, necessary
to produce them.
Now if you have followed this carefully so' far you will soon receive
some rather startling information,
And, further, I must point out that
wherever I say combined or social
human labor power, I mean combined
human labor power- of average skill,
applied with the average speed,,, with
tools or machine of average perfection. A furniture manufacturer who
employs the slowest, poorest kind of
labor power and operates with antique
machinery must sell his goods at th'e
price set by the average manufacturer. He does not get as much for
his' goods simply because the same
amount of labor power was expended in them, but must'stand the loss
by virtue of using labor power and
machinery .which * were' under the
average.  *,...'*
To continue,' we. are told daily that
prices' are,higher than ever. That
the trusts *are boosting prices. That
is" only partly true; however,
In the,first place, no'monopoly can
arbitrarily raise prices, ■ no matter
what, the jingo papers say.
The fact is this: Gold is.a commodity whose value is determined
like all other commodities by the
amount of social or combined labor
necessary to produce'it. Furthermore,
it is the means by which we measure the exchange value bv amount
of labor power contained in all other
In the last ten years the improvements in machinery and metallurgy
have1, been remarkable. They' have
'resulted in this fact: Today it requires much' less human labor power
to mine'and refine gold, lmn it did
ten years ago. So compared, bulk
for bulk gold, say one-quarter ounce
of gold', '$(5.00 roughly), contains
much less-labor power or exchange
value-today, than ten-years ago. Consequently, it takes a larger amount of
gold to exchange with other commodities.^— : ...   ..   .-  '- .
The Cash Grocer
If you want the best let us supply you.
That you can always depend upon.
La Creme Wafers.
Maple Wafers.
Water Ice Wafers.
Graham Wafers.
In sealed tins only.
for table and preserving at lowest
You are missing a treat when
you do not use SPECIAL BLEND
Our made-to-measure Suits and
guarantee goes with every order taken
Fall and Winter Goods arriving
daily.   Men's Negligee, Tweed and
Flannel Shirts,
Natural Wool Underwear.
Unshrinkable All-Wool Underwear.
Underwear, the reliable.
Men's and Boys' Sweaters,
Hosiery, Gloves,
Caps and Shoes.
A full range of patterns.
Overcoats   are   unsurpassed.    Our
Satisfaction   or   money re-
._ But .many other commodities, due
to improved methods of manufacture,
nlso contain less labor power embodied in thom today, hence less exchange value, - -      ■■ »
So we find that gold * and many
commodities have fallen in, value.' It
takes less labor power to produce a
given quantity of them today than
it did at any time. beforo,   On the
other hand, such things as meat and
eggs are produced today very much
as they were years ago. No startling
machine has been invented to help
the hen lay eggs or the steer to fatten himself. In these commodities,
bulk for bulk, there is the same
amount of labor power embodied as
there was ten or more years ago. So
instead of money and wages remaining stationary and "prices being raised
by the beef trust, we find that foodstuff, meat aud eggs in particular,
have remained stationary, while gold
and other commodities have declined'
ln value.
The most that monopolies can do
is to slowly hold back the fall in
value of their commodities. They can
not' raise them at their own sweet
Trusts do not make millionaires by
boosting prices, but in an entirely different manner, as I shall show later.
And last, but by no means least,
labor power is itself a commodity.
When you are laid off you enter the
labor market and search for a buyer
of your labor power, don't you? Certainly. And the value of the' labor
power of the worker is determined
by the amount of combined labor
power it takes to feed, clothes, shelter and train him, for his particular
And the capitalist always pays
that value.   He can't escape it.
But then, how doe's. the capitalist
get rich? ■ By the operation of another
law called the law of surplus value. I
shall explain that in the next article.
__.e_Iiave_now. examined into econorn-
ics,' particularly political economy,
and have considered the law of value,
After 1 am done with the** law of
surplus value I am suro you will need
no urging or coaxing to prove to you
the absolute necessity of working
class organization both in the factory
and at the ballot box.—Frederick C.
Ruppel in "The International Wood-
l Fresh.   Cut
|  Flowers
| House and Office
| Plants, .Funeral Flow-
| ers, Wedding Bou-
t quets.
* *
->c Long- Distanco Phone   577 "jf
J Your ordors will receive prompt nt-,'J
5 ten turn iuul you will be pleased with ^.
M   whnt we i-eml you. " ***        .  Jf
■. ■     *.-
k k-kkkkkkkkkkkkkkk-kkkkkkkkk
I The Creston Fruit and |
The Creston Fruit and
I Produce Association-|
-K -
Retailors please Note that oilers" for the famous Creston
=To in a t qi_ _iQ\v=in^^_!	
* *
A. Lindley, Box 27  Creston J
For ball programs, banquet menus,
and up-to-date printing of all. kinds
come to The Ledger office.
In the vicinity of these two
places we have some first
class Fruit Farm Lands
that will bear the closest
inspection. The wise plan
is to examine before buy-
ing so B YYY. I am taking parties from time to
time. If interested drop a
line to
P. O. Box 48
Fernie, B. C.
t_4> Sistiiid £*itg*r
„ Published every Saturday morning at its office, Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00 per year in
advance. An excellent advertising medium. ..Largest
circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities for the execution of all
kinds of book, job and color work. Mail orders receive
special attention. Address all communications to The
District' Ledger.
J. W
BENNETT, Editor.
npIlE last act is played!
■*■** , King down the curtain!
Arthur Decoux is a free man.   The verdict of
"the-coroner's jury at Frank of complete exoneration was vindicated by tlie decision rendered at
To review.—A mine car runs away. A man
is injured, a few days later he dies.
There's nothing remarkable about such an occurence,' nay more it is unfortunately so frequent
as to make it commonplace., in the coal mining
industry. The question then naturally arises,
"Why should this man be singled out?
He was a Union man.
What of'that! Were not some of the previous
victims union men also? They were—but this is
somewhat different.
' Tlie man killed was not a member of a Union.
This fact enabled the prosecuting company to advance the phuisjble theory of malice prepense
wliich,1 if established, would have had the dual
effect of administering a body blow to the U. M.
W. A. and tlie possible avoidance of the payment
of the compensation award of #1,800.
"Unity is strength." .      ' *
This axiom has received the fullest corroboration and serves as a -valuable lesson* of the benefits of co-operative action. ■■   ■-
Unionism, *m.the abstract, is understood by a
far lesser percentage than when a concrete demonstration is made. _,
This Decoux case, has done more to show the
working class' the advantages of unionism-than
volumes of printed" literature or the best vocal
efforts of labor organizers. - -   ■■
There is another valuable lesson to be gathered
by those who look below the surface. This, however, will not be so readily grasped and understood for if it were its existence would be short
lived 'and the present operative basis of society
completely revolutionized. We refer to the. class
conscious character, of the supporters of the
sacred rights of vested property of which the Jus-
i '
tice is a shining exemplar.
■ Wc commend his evidences of fidelity to the
tenets of the botirgeoisie to the workers and
would urge them to be equally as true to the interests of their class as this judicial gentleman is
to those whose able supporter he is as his actions
• throughout the wholo proceedings so strongly
Permission was granted to the deposition of
F. Froubert, an absentee, as evidence to which wo
take no exception although counsel for defense
criticized the action, nevertheless if this conces-
. sion be granted to ono of tho parties in tho eon-
1 troversy ns a quid pro quo the ovidence, tho purpose of which was to show that thc dangerous
churactcr of the mine slope' prima faeio placed
tho onus of responsibility upon tho om ploy ing
company ought most assuredly likewise, have boen
allowed. Iloro his Lordship gave proof of our
contention of his class consciousness by ruling it
out and that all the court had to consider was
whether Decoux was guilty of tho chargo preferred. If one workingman borrowed a gun from
another who was fully aware that its purposo
was to shoot at a person would thc owner of thc
weapon be hold guiltless in tho event of injury
being inflicted?   Is not this a parallel?
While feeling overy sympathy for an innocent
iiiiui nnd congratulating lho juries of Frank and
Maeleod on tlio efficient liiimnoi- thoy discharged
their duties, wo'Tcol that n tiiccd of prnisc is due
1o tho coal compnny junking Iho chnvgc, the
'.Mounted l'olici? for llinir activity nnd tlio legal
I'opro.snntnfivos who by their ooiieorted net ions
have so nbly tnnglit lhe workers lho inipovliuice
nnd vnhiii nf Co-operation nnd solidarity.   '
Tncse lessons nre often dearly pnid fnr 'tis
true, but i'iii-Ii Mii.-foi.iling cycle sees n closer up-
proncli to Ilie downfall of enpilnlism to be sup-
planted by n new regime in which liumnii flesh
nml l-Iiind shnll ho considered pimiiii'iuut tn prop,
oi'tv interestn.
-npHE fact of the growing strength of the labor-
■** ers on the political field-could,have ho,more
significant' evidence . than the activity that has
been recently displayed-by the'representatives of
foreign governments. The reckless disregard for
human life has occasioned an investigation by Norwegian consuls into the appalling list of casualties
in construction work upon Canadian railways and
the utter indifference shown with reference to the
disposition' of any money that may be due theiii
for wages or ascertaining anything with regard
to property in the shape of deposits in thc banks.
When the contractors or other responsible
parties have been communicated with asking for
information no response has been vouchsafed.
The working class of Norway is well'educated
and have a goodly representation in the Storthing
or Parliament,** hence the activity of their foreign
representatives in demanding of the Canadian government that some investigations should be made
looking to a remedy for,the existing deplorable
state of affairs. *
At the present time there is an investigation
in process in the coal mining district of Irwin,
Pa., and a well known Pittsburg foreign consul
accompanied'by the authorities is visiting some'
of the few mines , in operation to obtain facts
relative. to the peonage that is being practiced
upon foreigners who are held' in the stockade
brought in for the purpose 'of scabbing.
■ How these unfortunates have '-been hired and
are now practically ' held as prisoners under
guard and there is every reason to believe that
the Avealthy coal barons .will be' called upon to
defend themselves.
Although we know full well that this iniquities
will continue as long as they possessing the power,
are,left in undisputed sway of the reins of government, nevertheless the insistent demands from
foreign powers are resultant from the rapidly increasing strength of the working classes in those
foreign countries, and ^should serve as a lesson to
the working class on this continent that instead
of wasting their energies" resoluting and begging
that by acquiring strength both politically and industrially they can enforce their demands. It is
correct that the awakening is by no means rapid,
yet the signs are hopeful for the future.
HE air has been   rife   throughout  the week
TUMHK wns nn explosion nt Cherry Hill, Illinois.
-Tllli     l'llV     <IV'IP     l,l,OI\Xy     yinX.it i,,X     _><•     Hir.     nr .*-.
puny in collusion with govej*imicnt officials. Tlio
aftermath of this wholesale slaughter was recently
hrottghl to public notice by \]\o compensation
nwnrd mi l'orty-one cases nnd tho totnl nmount
paid wns $1,1520, or $..0.50 per mnn.
Fnr cheaper to take chances with human life
(him inetii* tin! cxpc.iiM'K of iiwtiilliiig proper snl'e-
Thirty-nine dollars and fifty cents is the price
for one human being. In chattel slavery dnys n
robust black iioM for $1,200 to .l.oOO dollars and
y«l "sinvory" dnys nro over; iji'.il».rit) tor n mini.
Think of it I
egarding civic matters; rumors with" more
OT__I_»Ot?_*f nil Iir. n+i/-»-ri—TV!-— ■^«_/i-___l1_i-.r/v_l-ly%.i.-«__l_o'«r3--.-3 C-,	
mouth tp ear, out it was 'expected that a climax
would be reached on Thursday evening -when, the
council convened.' When the mayor took- his, seat
a few minutes,after 8 o'clock with Aldermen Kennedy, Morrison and Johnson in their' respective
places, (Aldermen Beck, Broley and White were
out of the city), it was.found that the seating
capacity was insufficient * to accommodate the
crowd of citizens * assembled.
A few matters of detail were disposed of when
the mayor called for any observations from those
present. L. P. Eckstein asked for certain information regarding different items in tho last audit
but without eliciting any particularly clear replies.
When the, mayor was asked if anybody had boen
appointed to fill the vacancy of the eity clerkship
ho replied that thc appointment had not been
made but tliat he had been requested to approach
a certain party with a view to his being seleetod.
After some desultory remarks it was decided to
go into a committee of thc wholo, whereupon the
withdrawal from tho assembly room was made to
the mayor's room-and after twenty minutes absence thoy returned, and announced that iMr.
Wormack of tho Homo Bank staff had been appointed at a salary of $150 por month.    ,
Tho various matters upon which cnlightmcnt
was desired aro hold in statu suspendo until,tho
roport of Auditor McDcannid is received whon
there is not tho slightest doubt thoy ' will bo
threshed out as it is only right and proper thnt
the ratepayers should bo fully apprised of tho
notions of thoir civic representatives.
Tho modo of procedure in tho appointment of
tho city clerk docs not mcoi with tho unqualified
npprovnl of tho pulio interested.
The consensus of opinion is that applications
for lhe vacancy should hnvo been i-oceivod and
dealt with in tlio usual milliner nnd hnd it not
been known Hint tho prosont appointed wns decided upon several dnys prior to his appointment,
thorn would hnvo beon moro thnn three, npplicnnls
for tho post. Thoro is nothing snid relative to tlio
capability of the pj'ospoetivo incumbent as it is
generally believed with his knowledge of nccount-
ntiey, particularly ns it applies to banking, lie
possesses tho essential qualifications, but whnt; is
objected to is, thnt othor citizens who mny be
equally as well qualified woro,,deprived of any
(,,*,iy-i i1<->,»-*i I lr,.\   i,'-\ifi. ( (*■*•-",->» ''
'l'lii.ii!   Uii.-t   Uil'llhl'.f   JV-tl.Kt'C   Xll   ClW-   plAlt'COlltf 114>>
wJiich was iin innovation to our experience- in
parliamentary practico and that was tho whole
body retires from tho nRsombly hall instead of
Fernie's   Leading... Departmental   Store
Men's Clothing
.    a
This stock is full   of   new up-to-date Suits aud
Overcoats.   Prices $10.00 to $32.50.
Men's  Furnishings
Jaeger Underwear, Jaeger Coat Sweaters, Jaeger
Dress Gowns, Jaeger Caps, Jaeger Socks, Stansfield's
Underwear, Monarch Coat Sweaters. All new and
first class in every particular.        <*.   "
Ladies Read-to-Wear
i ' /
Ladies' Coats,-L.a dies'"Suits, Ladies',, Skirts, Children's Coats, Infants' Coats. Largest and choicest
selections we have "ever carried. Come ancl look them
over. The styles will please you.- The'prices are
right.    .
Boots and Shoes
New Fall Goods in airlines, Men's, Women's and
Chidren's.   Our prices will please.you.
Dry Goods
Everything in * Dry Goods, large or small.   Dress
Goods, Staples, Fancy Goods,. Notions, Knit Goods,
Purs, Imported for this fall's trade.   New, clean and
. interesting.   It is a pleasure to show them.
Grocery  Department
We are now prepared to fill all orders for preserv-'
ing fruits at lowest prices.   -   '     '
Italian Prunes, box  '*;  ...... 85c
Freestone Peaches, box .*.".-.."....'...".'-..'. $1.20 .
Crabapples,, box !..-..., .' .*■ $2120
Concord Grapes, basket   ........* 90c
Green Tomatoes, Ripe Tomatoes and Sweet Potatoes just in and good stock. -,,  ,*
The Trites-Wood Co., Limited
a* u. * * -  * o
Ouv stock of haying tools is complete. Forks, Hand Rakes,
Scythes nml Snaths, Grind Stones'Whet St'onos, Wrenches,
Machine Oil und Oilers, Dooring Mowers njicl Horse Rakes.
_tCi_il or phono oi-ders rocolvo cavoful attention.
J. M. AGNEW & Co.
ELKO,   B. C.
You aro now roIiib through this world for the last time:
Why Not
llvo on tlio boat and nothing but tho bost, and go to
The 41 Market Co.
for your requirements in Meats, Frosh Klllod and Govornment Inspected; Fish, Buttor, Eggs, Ham. Bacon, Etc.
8. Graham, Local Manager
The Two
Now Under New Management
Catering to the Working-nan's Trade
Large Airy Rooms and Good Table
The New Metal for Soldering
Lightest on Earth.   25c a Bar
El.etrlo Lighted "     Steam Hented
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water L. A, Mills, Manager
Ih Huppi-Ior to nil other Holilors. Why? Im.hmun.1 It unlton
mich mr-tnln hh Tin, Zlno, Lund, Copper, Hi'iinh, Galvanized
Iron, Kl'-fitro-l-'liito mul Hil vur, ami without lining Nolilorlng
iron, HplrltH of hiiUh, clinin.ciilN, uoidH, rosin, or any Injur-
Iohh HubstancuH which iivu nil moro or Iohh deadly poison,
Ih ii now in.'lnl lined liy nil lho leaking I.twii'vIiik nnd
(■iiiuiiiipr Coiiipanli'H lit Kngland, America, Australia, nnd
thn Ai'Koiitlni* Republic*, ror Niildiu'liiK their Huh iin tliere
In no iliiii|4*ei- of lieliiK poisoned with (Hph'itM of HiiUh) or
I'tonialne Poisoning.   Welduiiiliiliiiii In-supplied hy
*     FERNIE
it   .     .1     • 1    l...
'*•     1
r 1 * fl"
dimply taking thc Beat -vacated whilo tho prcuidinp**
officer occupies ri scat clROwhore.
Thero is tiiiH, howovor, tlmt may he our experience i.s ko limit- .1 that tho action of tho conn-
cil ivn.i in conformity with pnr) in men In ry n.ng-",
hut wo do find in reference to nn authority that.
it m thn duty of the preiiding officer to remain
in the assembly room.
At tho prcflent, juncture wo refrain from further comment prcfcrrinR to nwait the report f-T
tl.«' auditor when there will ho a better opportunity afforded for thc ventilation of civic affairs
a Sli&vc, a GcuucofPc-lor DilHarJs       !l
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Opon fov nil kludrt of buHliu'HS
In tliolr lino
AddveM (k»x tt7
JT xx J__ iri vy ii
Barber Shop
Across from Fernie Livery
First clan work guarantaed.
Drop in nnd convince youreelf.
Raior Honing a Specialty.
O.   SUDL-XNI),   . foprlttor.
fl •_
K *   y******^***-'**1™****^
i iiiiuiini^«t_iri
♦ COAL  CREEK  BY  174        ♦
-.♦ ■ - ***
♦ ♦'♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦
. The Rev. E. L. Best was stricken
with - rheumatism upon his arrival in Spokane and was compelled
to_ take to his bed. It is sincerely
hoped that with the attention that he
is receiving at the hands of his- sisters, wit?*, whom he is staying, that
recovery may be soon effected.
Benjamin J. Barnes went .with the
gentleman returning last Saturday
night* on the G. N.
Mr. Graham, the young man who
has been .looking after tho spiritual
welfare of the Presbyterians up here
left last Monday for Toronto.
The old story bf "Ho walked right
In, he turned around and walked right
out again," could be very properly
applied to tho Individual whose purpose was to take charge of tlio Presbyterian church's interests who
came up here last week from the
land of,haggis and heather. Evidently under , the impression tbat the
classic occupation of golf could be
easily indulged in, his baggage contained a very large assortment of all
kinds of knock knobblers, the scientific names of which your'correspond-
.eritjs not well, versed in, tho only
"hole putting" is the one made just
before you shoot in order,' to bring
the coal from its resting pjace. The
gentleman not only had the necessary
* tools with which to perform the many
peculiar turns, of "golf" but -there
were'1 other  articles for  use  in 6m-
"door pastimes. „s ,a resort for
sports of the lawn* tennis, golf and
other amusements we1 regret to say
our camp does not offer very great
inducements and this opinion was
doubtless shared by the hero of this
story, as he departed on Saturday and
when last heard of was reported to be
headed for the land o' cake, and
Burns. " -   •
'.A digger named Smolovich received
a nasty cut on his head.by a piece of
falling rock while working in. No. 9
on Wednesday afternoon.      "   ',
Joe Worthington'ls the proud possessor of the billiard cue given as
first prize inv the recent tournament
.played at the club.   Jack Chester was
la close second.    ;,._>,
The sale of papers and magazines
which took place last Sunday in the
Club hall was well attended aiid good
prices paid. ." .   .
.— .LTllfl-CPnciltj- pnilm/avat*-,-*-, -mill Tio-trii.
quite a task to . perform when he
ernes up here as there are a large
number of additional residents coming in from, across the Herring Pond,
ainong them there are several Whitehaven representatives. George Smith
has bid* farewell to liis baching days
and hi\lf-cooked mulligans as Mrs.
Smith arrived last Tuesday and ?wlll
now have charge of ' the household
affairs much to George's relief. Frank
Coates and Jnmes Harrison are also
additions to our directory.
• If you would like to experience
what It means to be cast into outer
darkness, bo a pnssenger on the night
oxpress of the M. F. & M„ and you
will then realize that light Is conspicuous by Its absence.' This Is very
uncomfortable nnd wo '■ think it Is
right that tho superintendent should
know of the stato of affairs when It
Is to bo hoped that ho will seo that
thero "is a little more light on tho
subject." If It woro onco in a whilo
; thoro might bo somo oxcuso, but It Is
/■•becoming chronic.
Coal Crook visited Colomnn last,
Snturdny and tho rosult, was two
, points moro for tho rod and white.
•Gentle zephyrs gavo plnco to drench-
In.- rain but "Down tlioy go with easy
grnco." Coal Crook 2, Coleman 1.
Did you. notico that our bolovod
professor woro a brand now straw
hnt and ho Is oxpoctlng a lovely vost
to nrrlvo In tho nenr future subsequently from tho snmo source Send
lt along Joo nntl may better luck attend your noxt offorts.
Tuosdny notlcos woro postod tlinf.
the roplny for tho Labor Day prlzo
would ho playod off at 5:40. A spoclnl train ran down reaching Fornio
ut r>;00, leaving ample tlmo to havo
tho gnmo start as por Bchodulo, but
as there was difficulty for Fernie to
get their team together it was* 6
o'clock when • the start... was ■ made.
This ' avoidable delay was .the cause
of the'game being uncompleted by
Referee Caufield calling it off. This
was not relished by the Creek team
as they were already one goal to the
good and the fault for not beginning
at the time' specified was" certainly
Fernie's. " The referee has the power
to decide whether another game
should be played yet we think in all
fairness that the prize is coming to
Coal Creek and that. the Fernieltes
should see that they get it.
Round two for the Mutz cup Saturday, the 17th-at Cranbrook. James
Wilson will act * as referee. Coal
Creek's defenders are: Goal, * T.
Banns; backs, McLetchle and McFegan"; half-backs, Sweeney, Parnell,
and Johnston; forwards, Oakley, 0.
Jolson, P. Joison, Hartwell; center, J.
Manning. .     , .
James Davidson landed In camp
from Co. Durham England on Thursday.
Miss F. M, Porteous returned from
her visit to Seattle on Wednesday.
Dull times around here lately. The
mines "were quiet from Saturday to
There have been several hunting
parties ranging around the hills, but
we have not had any opportunity of
testing either fish-or flesh so^have
to content ourselves with the "usual
bill ol fare.. A party of Fernieltes
had the good fortune to bag a bear
Thursday above Sitkum. No this is
not a postoffice in Nova Scotia, but
is better known as the Rock Cut.
The impression that the Puckey
progeny was not awarded first prize
at Hosmer.. is a mistaken one as anyone ought to be able to note the
almost beautiful expression the father is wearing as proof. Safe to.,say
he is not the only member of the
family who is good looking. A,sk
Mrs. P. Jack did not send In this
item. -■
. There has been a sudden risejn the
tin can "market in anticipation of a
wedding to * take place early next
week.- The contracting parties.are a
popular .. young machinist and an
estimable young lady from Fernie.
Bouquets , accepted. Cabbages declined. ■ ._,<.,
~+ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦•♦• ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦^
Mike Curry and . family have left
for the prairie where tliey Intend to
settle. "       -i   "   *    '
J. P. McNeil and Martin McPherson , were -passengers on Saturday,
17th, eastbound for the,land were the
fish come from. We hope • to see
-them back again ".before' long. "
. This camp was well represented at
■the smoker given In Frank last Saturday to celebrate the acquittal of our
brother,'Arthur Decoux. ■ ■
J. Brown loft for Calgary this week
on business..
James Ross, who has been staying
with-his brother, the doctor,* all summer, left ' on Tuesday homeward
bound for Ontario. During his sojourn nmong-- us he mado many
friends who wero „sorry to seo hlm
depart and will be glad of the chance,
to wolconio hlm hack again,
Our socrotary spent mqst of last
week In Maeleod In attendance nt
court on bohalf of Brother Decoux.
. Fred Raynor and W. Gouthro woro
around following old acquaintances
and relating tliolr experiences on
Labor day.
Thoro Is no lack of work around
horo just'now at thoso mines as thoy
aro kopt busy getting the necessary
black diamonds to moot tho domands
for tho famous Hillcrest steam coal,
Donlco Smith, brother to Thomas,
arrived horo from Wigan, Lancashire,
for tho purposo of looking after W.
♦. ♦
♦ MICHEL.       - ♦
♦ .    . ♦
♦ ♦♦«<►♦♦ ♦ '♦ ,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Several of our local, aspirants for
steam engineers' certificates journeyed
up to. Fernie this week, but we have
not yet learned who were the successful ones. .We hope they all were.
Thomas Crahan is advertising some
Coleman property for sale of which
Joe Graf ton, is the sales agent.
The most convincing evidence that
the sanitary arrangements are bad is
the fact that there are no less than
12 cases of typhoid fever in the
camp. The mere visiting by one who
is supposed to attend to these matters does not and will. not prevent
an epidemic. This, it is to be hoped,
will hot only be looked into at once
but remedies and preventltives be put
into effect Immediately.
We.aro to havo a little diversion
provided here in the near future in
the shape of moving pictures.. The
building is being erected between
Crahan's and Trltes-Wood's store. This
we believe is to be under the management of Mr. Lockhart of Fernie,
who will ojperate it. in'conjunction
with Mr. Wallace of the Fernie opera
A trio of local, nimrods, Beard,
Porter and Davy, went out a •• hunting i'or to catch a,bear.or deer, but
sad to say they, like the can; came
back., ■ That's all!
The Michel anglers will hold their
first banquet Saturday, the 17th, when
the presentation* of prizes will be
made and a thuioughly jolly time is
assured.     *     .,',',.
The new hotel of P. Zoratti in New
Michel is fast nearing completion
and is expected to be ready for occupancy within a month.
The nominees selected from. this
local for district officials were for
president, Clem Stubbs, vice president,
T. G. Harries;' secretary, A. J.
Carter; international board member,
Charles Garner; district board member, M. D. McLean.
, The members of Michel Local, 2334,
are fully* alive to the1 interests of
their fellow workers* who, in different
parts of Canada and , the United
States,' are struggling with the operators in a fight for better conditions
by responding to the official call for
expects   to   be*   gone   about   three
- J. Virden "paid a visit to Lethbridge
this week.
W. H. Chappie - (Jun) of > our local
hardware - establishment, is quite
busily engaged building a fine cottage
that we are inclined to think is a
pretty safe sign..of an' approaching
wedding.    Good luck to you Willie.
Miss Ella Emmerson, who has'been
spending the vacation days with her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Emmerson, return-ed to Calgary on Monday
to resume7.her college studies.
Mrs. McDonald and Mrs. David
Ryan were guests of Mr. and Mrs.
Boasley on Wednesday.   '
Messrs. Joe Ellison and T. Phillips
are leaving to take up their abode von
the Arrow lakes. We wish them every
success in their new diggings.
,j The church going members of this
locality are very sorry to know that
Mr. J. G. Rogers contemplates leaving
this field ln the near future. , During his stay among us his untiring
efforts have certainly awakened an
added interest in church affairs as
proof of which is the marked Increase
in congregations. He will preach here
on Sunday, the 18th, taking for his
subject, "Balsam," and on the 25th
will deliver his farewell address, the
topic being, we believe, "A Great
Farewell to Life."
Fornio vs, Bollovuo will ploy tlto
first round of tho cup tlo nt Bollovuo Saturday, Soptombor 17th. Looal
lonvofl nt 0:18,
I ,T
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
Sn-assessrent-of-fCper^week-by a.
unanimous vote.   .
There is plenty.*, of opportunity for
fishing expeditions these days with
the.mines working so little. Wouldn't
there be a loud howl if the miners
were' taking holidays when the' company wanted them to work? and yet
they say there, is no unemployment
In Canada. 7
A" crowd of eight traveling Thespians have been holidaying In our
midst furnishing evening amusement
to the natives who showed their appreciation of the efforts expended by
patronizing them fairly well.
Although .the work has beon slack
thoro have been several accidents, the
worst case being that of a Slavonian
whose nnmo wo did not lenrn, , Ho
wns Avorklng In No. 5 mlno and had
a log broken. Another-nasty accident
happened to William Talbot, who only
started to work, horo roconlly, while
driving a horso in No. 5, the.bruto
kicked hlm In tho fnco breaking his
noso and disfiguring him gonorally,
Andy Morris, tho former provincial
constablo of this camp must hnvo had
a rnpld recovery from his attack of
Insanity as wo understand ho is out
In tho hills, If it had boon ono ot
us minors tho chances aro that a gov-
ornmont institution would havo been
our postofflco address for at least n
Thoro Is quite a numbor loavlng tho
enmp for othor points whoro they
think thoy can got moro stoady work
thnn Is going nround horo Just now
[lind unless thoro's a decided Improvement thoro nro lots moro who talk
nbout pulling out.
Tho slto for tho now hospital selected Bomo tlmo ago remains undlsturb-
od and nothing Is known as to the
probable dato for commonclng oxen-
Tho largo boarding houso Is making
rapid stops townrd finishing and will
bo quite an acquisition when completed aB lt Is a roomy building,
Tho govornmont cIiooho box cnllod
a Jail Is on Its wny across tho crook
nnd will bo located In tho vicinity
ot tho "Molly Canucks," Now ho good
boyH or tho cop will got you If you
don't wntch out.
Savngo and Marsh went In search
of big gnmo nml cnmo bnclc nilniin
two lioi'ses, Probably tlioy woro
stnmpodod hy Bruin.
11lilo your tin f-niiH ns they mny be
needed soon, not for the prlzo baud,
but because somr'body hnH rnpturnd n
Thb Hnllnn colony linn nlromly
organized n hnnd with nbout HI) In-
nlvn-ninnln   rn   ii'i-i   mnv   nv^onl-   Mlolin^
to boi-ome nultn a muslcnl center.
Tho sports committee hopo tn ho
ftblo to furnish report and ir In time
will forward particular-* for next
week's papor,
By Fred Roo,.
Mr. and .Mrs. George F. Stevenson
of-Fernie, the best looking couple oh
the Crow, were the first to drive
over the new government road from
Fernie to Elko and return.
The reason there were no Elko
notes in last week's Ledger was the
writer „was spending a,week down
around Robsville and Gateway and
attended the'- old-timers' dance clown
there and took* the first prize, (a large
mirror) for being the homeliest man
on Tobacco Plains, discounting the
Methodist minister on points and winning by seven votes.
Charlie Yandle, rough rider and expert with rod and gun, is visiting
South Fork this week. \ (Nuff said.)
One of pur good Waldo farmers
week. Nothing very remarkable about
this you know. Lots 'of farmers bring
their wives to Elko, ° but' here's the
story. When the couple arrived in
Elko each set on their respective
errands., When the farmer got
through his business he"jumped into
the rig and drove home in a big
hurry never once thinking of anything wrong until he reached home,
wlfen the children set up a howl for
their mother.
Hamilton, the man noted for his
mnny good points, was in Elko this
week selling pins and needles.
Mr. and Mrs. T. Letcher of Fernie
arrived * In Elko, Sunday with' their
automobile, tho first auto over the
now govornment road'to Elko. While
In Elko they' were tho guests of Mr.
Roo. Aftor lunch they rodo out to
the Progrosslvo Investment company's
fruit tract. Mr. Letcher owns 1G0
ncres of land adjoining the Elko
towiislto and was looking up the damage done by tho recent bush fires to
his tlmbor.
J. D. McBrldo, Archlo Loitch and
several ladles nrrived in Elko Saturday with their automobile.
Miss Agnes Allen of Nelson, B. C,
oponcd up tho ltoosvlllo public school
for businoss, September 12th, Tobacco
Plains,"     ,
Government Tlmbor Inspector Carney wns ln Elko this week and com-
pllmontod us for our voracity which
Is n hoiiBohold word throughout tho
The Mlssos Ilallup of Calgary aro
visiting Miss Irono McKqo In Elko
this wook.
N. Latham Collins of tho Calgary
Hornld staff Is spondlng his vacation
In Elko mixing business with pleasure Inducing 05 por cont of tho residents of this hyiiclnlli tinted and pic-
lurosquo burg to become subscribers
to tlio Herald. Mr. Collins will also
wrlto up tho wholo district, and will
trim Frod Uoo'n writings to a hmflens
Mrs, C. 1<], Ayro nnd Miss Muriel
loft Elko for a throo months' visit
to nrniidon, Winnipeg nnd Manitoba,
MiiKlcr Ernest nlso loft for Cnlgnry,
rnluriilng to tlio ■' West orn HuhIiiohh
college Mr, A, 13. Ayro, who Ih gnu-
oral innnn*. r of tho North Star Lumber company with mills nt. Crnnbrook,
Jnffrny, . Ingf-tonr* nnd llm cnnut, loft
fnr Nolson, whoro Ik* will moot Mr.
John Ilnnbiirg, president of tho compnny. Tho only Ayro that wns loft In
Mlko wns Clmrllo nnd Riindny ho wont,
out to llityni-s lnko duck hIiooIIiw,
C. P. II. 'mirveyoi'H nro plotting out.
ncre lots Joining tlio Klko lownslle.
- The Bon Ton Ice Cream Parlors
caters for your.trade. Supplies Ice
cream, soft drinks of all flavors and
fruits. Mrs. S. Ingram; proprietress.
Keep your eyes peeled for the special prices quoted by the Co-Operative. Read tlieir hand bills. It will
pay you ,to take advantage of -the
bargains offered.
There was great rejoicing around
here when the verdict of the Maeleod
jury was known and the workers
ought to realize that this is a good
proof as they can have of the benefit of unionism. Decoux alone could
have done but littlo on his own behalf. His personal friends would
have found tlieir efforts of little avail,
but with the whole force of tho U. M.
W. A. of District 18 interested It was
a different matter. Let us always
keep before us that an Injury to one
is the concern of all.1 We noticed
that two of our Coleman residents
took a very active Interest in this
matter, Wm. Powell, our president,
and Dr. Porter. We were glad to
note that W. B. managed to keep but
of jail. It would have been rather
awkward for him at this stage of the
game to find himself a lone inmate
of a cell. ' _
A. C. Flumerfelt of Victoria, president of the I. C. &.Co., I_ M. Galer,
of. the B. C. & A. Trust company of
. ancouver .* and Mr. Riddell accompanied' by his two sons, spent the
week end in town. .
Coleman and Coal Creek met in
a pouring rain, The first goal fell
to the credit of- Coleman by a long
shot from Easton's kick. This put
ginger into the visitors and before
one-half time was called they had
equalized " matters. Throughout the
rest of the' game it looked as though
the result-would ,be a draw, but barely' one minute, before , the" whistle
sounded to cease' play Coal Creek
captured another.' *       .
. There is great, . dissatisfaction
around here at the action of the-
league' committee at the suspension
of the Coleman boys. and others not
mentioned. The' Coleman^ boys were
registered nine days before the match
while the other two were not yet "on
Canadian soil. The players ought not
__o__h.ave been suspend_ed,_bu__he.
Frank club that* offered -the bait;
There was a goodly batch of Frank
and Bellevue spectators at the match
between Coal Creek and Coleman.
' That naughty, nude sprite called
Cupid has been very free with his
darts around these parts . since incorporation. Among other's that fell
victim to' the little rascal was our
friend Walter Nelson, who recently
returned from the east. We wish
him and her all kinds of good things.
Mrs. Egerton ..is the. proud mother
of an only daughter.
Mrs. Coreo presented Fred with a
dandy bouncing boy and' ho is' so
tickled that everyone ho met had to
celebrate the glorious event and the
babe's ,hend was well wet with tho
ambrosia dispensed by . the Union
hotel, Tho bnnd was out ln forco.
Thore wns considerable discussion
and some wagers mndo as to thc
nnrno of the tune that was played,
but when Frod was asked ho replied:
"Wull ho noo come abek again,"
We extend our sympathy to William
Murr who was delighted at. tho advent of a son, only to loso tho littlo
ono a few days lator. Mrs. Murr is
at prosont vory sick nnd wo certainly hopo for her speody restoration to
full strength nnd vigor.
Mrs. J. Glllotto, nnd family from
Nelson, B. ' C, woro tho guests of
J. Hatflold for a week.
Wlillo Jack Johnson was removing
some shoot Iron In No. 4 mlno a Tall
of rock foil and brulsod his log. Uo
Is getting nlong nicely.
Fred Cox had tho misfortune to
got his foot Jammed wlillo at work
In No. 2, He Is at present being
enrod for at his sister's.
There aro persistent rumors afloat
that thoro Is to bo a nhniigo of hands
of tho Grnnd Union hotol. lt will In-
dood ho a sorrowful stnto of nrraliH
If Clmrllo has to look ror nnotlior
placo to bonrd nnd an our synipathtos
go out to him wo trust that somo
kind-hearted lady will come forward
and take him under her wing.   P. S.—
He, only weighs 2U0 pounds avoirdupois.
1 We are pleased to note that our
fellow townsman, J. W. Faulkner,
engineer with the International Coal
and ■ Coke" company, passed a very'
creditable examination in Fernie last
week and was awarded his certificate
as a second class steam engineer for
the Province of British Columbia.
He also holds a second class certificate for Alberta. "   -
(Continued from Pago Ono.)
not stay , the development of pus
then he would havo produced local
anaesthesia and excised tho diseased
area; that, traumatic pneumonia might
supervene from a severe blow was
Arthur Descamps gave his evidence
in very good English and described
his doings just prior to the accident
and Immediately thereafter: It, was
he who loaded tho runaway car and
helped, Decoux and Brtot to start it.
That this done he went on about his
work while Decoux started after h'.s
horse which had taken fright. That
upon going down after-the car hart
escaped he noticed that one > of the
uprights was -knocked out which
Briot ordered repaired. Upon being
asked by Mr. Simmons regarding the
alleged statement of Briot that "This
accident had .to occur in order to get
the slope altered,",, it -■ was ruled out.
When cross-examined he was asked
If he were not a better letter writer
than miner because of his having
written a letter to this paper which
evidently did not suit those who were
responsible., for the conditions' that
.actuated it. This question was decidedly irrelevant but it was not
ruled out. A number of other witnesses were called to answer questions relative to the dispute*in which
'Decoux was reputed to have made
threats but all of these "testified that,
although there' had * been a heated
conversation about some cars that it
was not be^yeen Decoux and Lobert
biit between Froubert and the accused, man.   >
Louis Mattell, who was pumpman
on shift, at the time of the accident
_nd-_when—he^saw— the-ca^-careering*
along he shouted out' "Attention!
Attention!'! but his cries were not
heard. He worked with the, others
to extricate the injured in which De*
coux aided almost superhumanly,
John Robinson, a mining engineer of
Frank, was called to the stand and
gave some interesting testimony on
the sprag question. Ho also stated
that he saw the experimental trip of
the car that was pushed by White,
but that lt was kopt under control
all tho way down, otherwise it might
have caused an accident. This gentleman was ,9110 of tlio coroner's jury
that exonerated Decoux.
' The salient features of the address
of W, C. Simmons, counsel ,for the
defense were: That the recognized
dangerous character of the mine was
ln itself uu additional mental strain
upon the employees; crltlclHm of tho
crown for allowing F.' Frobert to
leave the country; tho failure to call
Louis Mattell, tho pumpman, an oyo-.
witness, and tho nbsonco of nn nnto-
'mortem statement by Lobert.
Thn crown prosecutor "In reply ox-
pressod rogrot for tho nbsonco of
Frobert; laid" stress upon tho fnct
that Decoux knowing lho iliiiigiiroiiM
nature of tlio Hlopo did not oxcixlse
more enro nnd that this knowledgo
couplod with ]ils omission to run
nftor tho enr and shout a wnfiihig,
ought to convlnco the jury that ho
should bo hold for manslaughter nt
Tho judgo in summing up, although
not. hoavy In his observations on the
murder chargo, but descanted throughout on tho mimslaughtor phase. He
counted out tho tostlmony of Dr,
Portor, tho medical export called by
lho tlofeiiHO, Thu iiIIuhIoiis to tlio
condition of the mlno ho did not doom
pertinent to tho question nt Ihhuo, although ho did coiiHlilor thnt pohhohh-
Ing UiIh knowledge Hhould have mmlo
Docoux moro cnri-fiil. Ilo then followed up with a illsBortntlon on the
exercise   of  care  citing. Lord  Chief
Russell as an authority that if the .
jury found the accused guilty of negligence   in   the  ordinary   discharge  of'
his duty then he should be considered,
guilty of manslaughter, but If on tho
contrary  they thought  it  was  dono .
with intent then it ceased to be an *
act of carelessness.* He then pointed
out the self-evident fact that'even if
spragged and allowed to proceed without attention it would gain momentum
at every foot and of this Decoux was
aware.    He  alluded to  the remarks
that had been made about Lobert giving   instructions   relative ,to, leading
the horse down, but as Lobert was
not in  authority they  ought not to ,
give  f.his   attention.    He   then  concluded by telling the jury there wero
three  possible verdicts    to    render.
Guilty of murder, or of manslaughter,
or not guilty..
The jury retired and after having
returned for the'purpose of asking
for instruction as to their ability to
add a rider returned and tho following verdict resulted as the evidence
of their deliberations:
"We find the prisoner Not Guilty.
"We recommend as a rider to our
verdict that*' the attention of the
Alberta government be called to this
case and that it be requested to take
Immediate steps to have proper mine
inspection, made frequently and efficiently, which in our minds had riot ,
been done heretofore, as'tho evidence
in this case shows gross, carelessness
by the mine management in matters
pertaining to the safety of the lives
of the workmen, and we recommend
that properly certified and capable
men be in charge, and . on the
grounds during all  working hours.*
(Signed) C. H. Baker, (foreman);
A.' W. Bussell, B. H. Robertson, J.
Swinerton, J .B. Sutherland, Bernard
Thus ends one bf the remarkable
cases of recent days and the many
friends" of Arthur Decoux were delighted at the result, although feeling that if there-1 was any justice, left
in tlie province that it could not be
otherwise as there was not even a
scintilla of proof for the -serious
charge laid against him although it
took two juries to extricate him from
the law's meshes. The court was
crowded at the time of the jury's
decision and there is not the slightest doubt that the spectators, with .
the possible exception of those who
had  been  instrumental  and  also  the
tion of aninnoceut man were pleased.
We are Indebted to the correspondent sent specially* by the Lethbridge
Herald for the principal features of
the trial supplemented by the details
of the several officers of District 18.
who were present.
Frank, Alta., Sept. 12, 1910.
The District Ledger, J. W.' Ueiineti.
•■ Editor,' FernI-3. B. C.
Mr. Editor:
In your number of tho 10th inst. re
Decoux"s trial you report:
"Friday, 9th, Inst.: Drs. McNally,
Lethbridge; Dr. Parker, Colemnn, nnd
Dr. Kennedy of Maeleod WILL GIVE
I suppose this from tlio redaction:
Do not ask n phyHiclnn to do
mlrnclcK In deadly cases such ns
Lobert's. Do not wait till.a minor
or mon nre deadly hurt to ask for
Improvement, iik specified In the
jury's vordlct. Strike! for yonr livos
first nnd for monoy afterwards! It
would bo moro common hoiiho!
II. Ih duo lo my devoted niul VKUY
BUST TREATMENT If Lobort survived and fought lon long days!
I consider your roport as false and
unjust, nnd In Justlco Hhould bo retract od,
Drs. McNally  ami Kennedy novor
nppcared in court; Dr. Porter's tost I-.
monlal said nothing going against my
treatment.   ,
Such a roport, would, I consider,
tond to hurt my ropiitiitlon imioiigHt
minors for which I nlwnys did nnd
nm nlwiiyH roady to do my utmost, ns
my first duty,
Plonso  enmmunloato  my  lottor  to
the president, Mr. Powell,
llollovo me, Mr. Editor, yours truly,
A, L, Do Murtigny, M. I).
P, S.—You mny publish this lottor.
♦ ♦
./<*Lf«••,.*•.* *i
Am Borry lo roport thnt our worthy
socrotnry, Jntnog Durko, Ib under tho
wenther with a sevoro attack of neuralgia, hut wo all hope thnt ho will
uooii hu fico from thia dUuiii'Duuhlu
Mra. James AHisopp, of thli liurg.
has heen Buffering for somo time pant
and with a vlow to trying thc effect*
or a son \oyaga a* a romody will
shortly tako a trip to tho old homo
In Nottingham iKiiKlanrl*-, which tt is
to be hoped may havo tho beneficial
result of complete restoration.   She
week from Wnldn. not on prnfesnlnnnl
hiislnosH, hut Just to got hl» horsos
IliislncKs Is ripping In Klko nml
everybody hnppy.
MIhs Jessie MoDoiiriiH of Worthier
'nim**  Wi fill  '*'•»   Y'l-ni*)  \U,n   'hvci,  '1 anUiii'-s
old friends, nUo Jack Wright of thn
namo burg.
Ilnggngomnn MacDonnhl, of tlio C.
P. R, pn&Hongor boat train Is not getting RO cents a quart for camorH
milk from Fred Roo a* atalcd In tho
Grape Vine opcclal.
Watch this column next week.
?**ho w
Got on the voters list nl onto nn
the time (ln limited. Last day for
registration (a the 7ih -day of October
as the renrt o* revision clo*e* M
days lator.
C. M. O'Brien will apeak In the
Minor*' halt on Kun-Uy nl-ihl undor
tho auspices of the Hodallat Party
of Canada.'
The Best Pictures Being Shown in Fernie
Prices 10 and 15 Cents _ *WJ^*.-^*t&V**'l&m*e**M£-»toi*?l*!*C:
s.TitatiA'arjm- uati- .-*, .^L^^»*.»__,_HiJWA^>_aiLl_Ato<, „, _».■..,■,.,■•,-■.« ^.____.i^..-*.- .iri% jw-h- -/Mzt-uytf ya,-=nwiii!ti^.c: ryi.-r-TtynrjTTim' L__n.ni wum n*_wniw ujc.**-
The Power Used in Mines
and Mining
.Men,   Horses,   Mechanical
Power and Explosives
The Payments Made in case
of Accidents <
0    By Edward O'Toole.
When  mining  first  began   human
beings   furnished   the  power.    They
, broke the coal and loosened it with
crude tools fashioned by hand from
* wood, stone, or iron, often carrying
it on  their backs, in  baskets made
from willows or bark from trees, to
places where it was used, sometimes
it being necessary to,carry It up ladders  for  considerable, distances.
When, there became what was considered in those early days a scarcity
of' labor, animals, such    as    horses,
donkeys, oxen, etc.,,were brought into
use for the purpose of raising and
transporting the material mined.
Afterwards  explosives  were  introduced  to  help  break down  thc  materials,' hydraulic, steam and electric
machinery  coming later  for1 various
* purposes.
This  gave  six  sources  of  power;
.   namely,   labor,     animal,     explosive',
hydraulic, steam, and electricity, the
five latter being  introduced  by the
miner to lighten his labor.
This will bring us to the present,
when the percentages of power cost,
as used by the United States..,Coal
and Coke company, and the percentages of energy produced, are as follows.
Cost   En'gy
Per ,   Per
Cent   Cent
Labor cost per ton ..... S7.6 38
Total livestock expense.. 4.0 ■       12
Mechanical power  4.7 35
Explosives    '. 3.7 15
100.0    '    100
The   above   shows  that  while  our
mines   are   well   equipped   with   machinery, we are still large employers
of labor.    This labor is divided into
executive,    engineering,    supervising,
-laborers, and clerical.   The engineers
directing what, is to be done and how
to do it,  the supervising department
carrying out the ideas  of  the  engineers by directing the laborers  and
guiding'them  in the  most  practical
. way to perform their task, the laborers performing the task, and the clerk
in the accounting department keeping
the accounts and distributing the allotted compensations.
. Of the various    departments,    the
super vising.-is the most important, for
the reason that the labor is the most
expensive- item;—and—therefore;—the-
most important; and a good executive
is' considered    of ■ more  importance
than a  good  engineer.    As the  mechanical appliances around a mine increase, the engineer becomes of more
value,   particularly  is  this' the  case
where the property being developed*
is large  and    the  , machinery diversified.     When   the  engineer   Is   thoroughly competent, does  the advance
thinking,. and gives his property the
- attention  it  should  have,  his  value
is  second   to  none.    We  appreciate
the  value  of  the  engineer' and   employ  him  possibly more  than  he  is
employed by the mining industry generally.
Our supervising department follows
the plans and the Instructions given
by our engineers, but they are encouraged in reporting what, in thoir
•minds, will bo desirable changes; nnd
they are often able to assist tho engineering department with suggestions,
otherwise thoy simply supervise and
The Konernl labor around coal
mines Is diversified. Our laborers
represent 12 nationalities, and' as the
Americans nro divided between whltos
and negroes, tlioy actually represent
115, which are as follows;
We employ no police officers except
the regularly elected constables and
justices of the peace, and they do not
have sufficient business to make a
living at their office. This, I believe, ■ will compare favorably with
any community where any class of
people are employed in the same
The other, or . accounting department, needs no comment, it being the"
same as the clerical department of
any mining company.
Source of Power.
The introduction ot explosives in
coal mining was very unfortunate, as
there is hardly a mining community
that has not suffered from a disaster
which Is directly traceable to them,
and of late years, as their use has
Increased, the disasters have become
more frequent; and in communities
where their use has been unrestricted,
it being left to the Judgment of the
individual miner, the results have
been appalling. Fortunately for those
engaged In coal mining, the government is now testing' explosives and
giving their approval to those that
will Justify It, after a public demonstration. The powder they approve
they term a "permitted explosive;"
and if the people will use this permitted explosive', in limited quantities
at each blast we will surely have
fewer disasters, and-the fatalities and,
injuries to employes will be greatly
reduced. All of the mining countries
in Europe have what is known as a
charge limit, and in Belgium the use
of explosives is not permitted in gaseous mines under any circumstances
or for any purpose.
Explosives are undoubtedly of great
service to - the * miner and assist him
materially in getting his coal, but
their use would better be stopped
entirely than to go on at its present
cost to human life.* *    - ■-
We use only permitted explosives
in our mines, or powder that has
passed the* government testing station. The miners seem to prefer those
listed under the name of Colliers or
Monobel, which are recommended and
sold'to us as a powder that will not
deteriorate and can tie bought in carload lots, whicli is quite an item to
us, situated as" we are, so'far, from
the source"' of supply. The only requirements we make of the powder
people is that the powder will sell"to
the mine at 5 cents per stick.    Our
The ratio of accidents for the first
four months of'the year 1910, in our
mines, is as follows: -■"
- Fatal.
Falls of slate and -coal
Mine cars and motors ..
Per Cent
* • • • ■     ou.-J
...*.. 16.7
American  .
ItUHSitlllH   ,,
German ..,
Italian ....
French   ..,
Rpnnlsh ...
Swi'dis .,,,
Ni-Kroes   .,
Por Cont
.... 17.80
.... 22.20
.... .""-.SO
.... 3,00
....   4.no
....  13,80
,,,,   r-.r.o
.... 20.S0
You will not Ico iho nbsonco of Dw.
1'hiKllHh. Scot eh niul Ii'IhIi, which
imlloiinlltles in former yours were
niinn-imiH iuiioiik* thu rnnk nnd fllo
of mini' Inhori-rs, whom mlitliiK Iiiih
yi-i-ii' ciirrUul on for n number or
•yours, they -n* iheir dill-li'i'ii nro Hill]
Inwly I'liiplnyeil, Inn wllh un limy um
only rcpri-M-iitrd lu the official
fhiHHi-H. Koine At Dw nbovo nation-
ulltlow Hi-i- iiisu i'epm*.*i*iit-*il milium
lho officliilH, ptirllculiirly tho (lermnn,
Ilnllnn, nnd lliinriirliiii, Tin-He people
nil tnul. • very -_«ii| mine muployi-H,
umi, If properly liiMtriiftoil, soon rec-
OKIlIze      till!    lie-'OHSlly    (if    cuiv    und
roii d Ily fnl-ipt tlioniHolvon to nny
safety iui-iikiii-cs Intmiliiond for \\w\r
''■-•'I'l' «•-..., r.     rt     (I,,.     ,,,,-..■,*>,,,•     n,-n
rei'l-li'-JH   nud    lire     prone      to     tllkfl
clii-tn-eK, tun iIiIh npplios to somo of
the yciutiKor oiicb only, and usunlly tho
TWiiiirn! min am hk-iil miners, calm bio mid trustworthy, Tlioy nioiitly
follow    thn    triinsportnlion nnd  me.
ihliii'S. motors, etc,, nml wlii-ie premiums nm offered for the caro or tho
machinery thoy nre often successful
In en nil uk thorn.
Our miners and othor laborers
around tho mines aro required to
obey die mining law nnt! the rules
of the company, which thoy do fairly
vi-ll; imd while hoiiiw twu nr thn-u
years «ko, whon breaking up tlio
blast Ing from tho solid, It wan nnv-
-M-mnry to have some of thom proso«
eutetl. I havo heard of no breach of
the law nr rule* slnco that time.
Those peoplo are alio law abiding
and ppftp-efiil nt th-Mr homes or on
the streets, and with a population of
10,00/) tn 12,000 In thla mountainous
dUtrlct, w* have -very littlo trouble.
charge limit for. these powders is _.-■>£'
\irimal power is also largely used
in" our mines, equaling 4 per ecnt of
the total power cost, while the energy
produced is about 12 per cent. We
have made some efforts to introduce
mechanical power to displace the
mule, but. so far, for. certain services,
he has proved indispensable. The
mule is the principal animal power,
but. horses are used In somo of our
Mechanical power will undoubtedly
bo the power of the future; and while
the cost of the mechanical power used
oiily represents 4;7 por cent," of tho
total,cost of mining coal, we supply
mechanically more than 35 por cent,
of the total energy required. ■ This
would certainly justify us ln endeavoring to Increase tho uso of mechanical
power at the expense of powor of
any other kind, The. introduction of
machinery Into coal mining has como
by- numeorus wnys, lt was first usod
to ralso material out of shaft workings, then water,' thon as a transportation and ventilating powor, and
Inst, to undermine' the coal. Tho ran-
fclilncs used for tho dlfforont purposes hnvo been subjected to a scries
of modifications; and while some
havo boon simplified, somo have boon
mndo more complicated as their usos
havo boon oxtended, until at present,
wo have the solf-propolllng under and
over-cutting mining machlno, tho oloc-
trie and comprossca-nlr haulnge motors, which operate with equal facility
both on tho surface nnd In tho mlno,
Hilary pumps, nnd electlic-drlvon,
solf-slnrtliiB, ventilating funs, Wo nlso
have (,'xiondeil sytseniH of underground
railroads or hiiuhiguwiiys, In somo In-
hIiiikioh laid wllh Hills which wolgh 00
pounds lo thn ynrd: vnst numbers
of mine curs, nnd othor (-qiiipmont
too numerous In mention, which coHt
monoy to liiHtnll und opcrnto; but tho
cost Is Insignificant when comparoil
with t,hu enst of Inlinr, und It would
be utterly Impossible to find lnbor
to proiluci* hull' our prosont tnunngo
shoiihl we dispense with tlio.uso of
milling machines foi' iiiidorciiltlug tbo
conl und tho oxploslvoH for blustlng
ll down, In fuel, with nil our mu.
chlnei'y, thom never wns u time In
the history of mining when lnbor wns
ns Kcnrco iih It In todny, This lii'lng
Ilie enso, it behooves iih who wish
lo Kluy In the mining IiuhIiiuhh to find
mom ways nml iiu-iiiih of using machinery. Wo must also find ways of
Improving the mucliliiery we now
have lo mnko ll moro effective. Wo
must  find   moro  direct   mothotls  of
Up|-|-illiK oiil Jiuui-i, \\„ iuu.m ci,-
jiiltrile nil u-clr-i" fipenitlnn-i nml
roundabout wnys; go to the portions
of thn mining operations which now
require the niuuunl lnbor and apply
niechnnlcfil power lo thn snmo In our
efforts to reduce tho cost of labor
per lon,
At. tho present tlmo wo nre developing, and havo pnrtly dovelopod,
a system of mining ntul handling
conl, which wo think will ellmlnato
a lnrgo portion or lnbor now used,
particularly whoro tho coal mined Is
to be used for tho inaniifni luring of
coko or tho raising of steam, whoro
the thing i'il il ho dom: by iiicuus of
mechanical atokors. Wo hnve accomplished this by the use of a mnchlno
which cut* out tho totnl thickness
of the scam, removing thc coal aa
It la cut by the machine to thn out-
aide by means of currenta of air at
high volo.cltl.pH, on tho order ot the
pneumatic carpet cleaner. We have
termed this method of handling con)
"The Pneumatic Transportation.*- Wo
have had an experimental plant in
operation at our, No.' 9 ■- mine for a
period of about six months, and are
now through with our experiments, (
having gathered all the data we consider it necessary to have for the
establishing of a commercial operation. We will operate this plant for
the benefit of the Mining Institute,
and after said operation the experimental plant will be partly dismantled.
In the changing of mining from hand
power to mechanical power, both for
mining and transportation purposes,
we have largely" increased the number of accidents, not only per 1,000
men employed, but per 1,000 tons
of coal mined as well. This shows
clearly that the Introduction of machinery so far has,not paid when calculated on the basis of accidents.
This.increase of accidents applies to
the mines In. which no machinery is
used, as-well ns to the machine mines,
aud it Is undoubtedly caused by the
changes' in the occupation of the men
In tho machlno mine, and to the Increased amount of coal they endeavor
to get in the hand mines to compete
with the machine mines.    .
This Increase of accidents cannot
go on, as it is now much higher in
this country than in Europe, I will not
use' the general terms, "Where the
mining is more hazardous," but .say
instead, where tlie conditions of labor
are more severe and exacting; neither
will I attribute It to our less skilled
labor, but rather blame our less rigid
discipline, freedom, and variable
methods, of -operation. There is an
awakening; the public is being aroused
to a sense of responsibility in 'the
matter of industrial accidents, and to
the amount of property and. distress
occasioned by them, not only in coal
mines, but in every ' other industry,
and will gladly pay the few additional
cents per ton. necessary to permit the
business to be conducted- in a more
safe and humane manner, and whatever additional cost is necessary to
alleviate the suffering, and distress
caused by unavoidable accidents. " I
wish to assure you and the public at
large that there is no coal operation
but -what will gladly sacrifice its dividends,-if by^so doing it can-; reduce
the number, of accidents in and around
the mine.
To reduce these accidents it will
be necessary foi"; the  miners  to be;
Falls of slate and coal
Mine cars and motors ,
Blasting coal	
Mining machines 	
D'   '......
Per Cent
.."... 38.9
-        100.0
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
„ ,141.     Meets every Friday night.at
I 8' p.in. Miners-union hall.    :A. L"
"Boles, President; William Long, Re-,
cording Secretary.    - ' ■*.-•.,
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
- and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Goupill, Waldorf Hotel. ,
Gladstone Local No. 2314'U. M. W.A.
Meets 2nd and 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall.     D. liees, Se.--.-  *
(This shows very plainly, under our
present method of mining, that the
large percentage of accidents come
immediately under the supervision of
the minor officials of the mine, and
can be materially reduced if these
officials give slate and loose coal their
personal attention; and 1 am glad to
inform you that'I believe <we are now
on the right road to eliminate a large
number of the accidents at our mine.
Our officials are beginning to understand1 that there , is something expected of them besides gottlng cheap
I thank you, gentlemen for your kind
attention, and I hope that something
I have said may assist you In not
only producing your coal moro cheaply In dollars and cents, but that you
will use your best efforts to bring
the mining accident record of West
Virginia, not only up to the record of
any state in the union, but the equal
of any in the world. So be it.—
Mines and Minerals.
Typographical Union No. 555.' Meets
last Saturday in each.month at the
Ledger Office. A: J, Buckley, Secretary.-   -.    -,-.'■'
Local Fernie No. 17 S. P. of C. Meets
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody, welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer,
Office: Johnson-Faulkner.Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; "-Phono 72
B. C.
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; ,2. to 5; 6 to 8.'
Residence* 21 Viotoria Avo.
W. R. Ross K. C.      ...    W. S. Lane
Barristers^and Solicitors ,'.
Fernie, B. C.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Local 1220. D. J. Evans,
President; F. H. Shaw, Secretary.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Strict
Fernie B. C.
. *..."
A. McDougallJMgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough
■ *■*
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
F. C. Lawe
"come-more urdroTiginy~fa"miIiar;~witir
the machinery and with the conditions
created . by its use, and to .protect
the machines with guards of different
kinds so that accidents from the same
will be impossible. Where coal is
still mined by hand, it will,be,necessary to revert to the old method of
mining; namely, the' undercutting' of
coal must be done as formerly, so that
large charges of powder will be unnecessary. In both cases^ the supervision will havo to be moire thorough
and vigilant than it has been heretofore. ' , "
I would suggest increasing the number of district mine foremen, so that
the working places can bo visited
three to four times each day, and
that some means be adopted to insure
his attention to business, particularly
In regard to accidents, In addition, I
would suggest each company putting
accidents on a financial basis, which
would' tako the naturo of nn Insurance or assuranco to the victim, and
that In case of accidents, whether
fatal, serious," or minor, for* that matter, a stipulated amount will be received by- hlm, sufficient nt lonst to
furnish tho necessarlos of life during
tho disnblomont period, and In cases
of permanent or fatal accidents n stipulated sum.
Tho following Is the basis on which
tho United Stntos, Coal and Coko compnny, ns well ns nil oilier constituent companies of the stoel corporation, award payments In case of accidents;
Temporary Disablement,
Slnglo Mon—Slnglo men who havo
boon flvo yours or Iobr In the sorvlco of tlm compiiny shnll rocolvo U,"-
porcont of tho dnlly wngos they woro
receiving nt tlio timo of tbo neeldont.
Single mon of more thnn flvo yours
sorvlco shnll rocolvo un iiddlllonnl 2
por omit for ench your of service
nvor flvo yours. Ilut In no"cnno shall
Hlnglo men rocolvo more llinn $1.R0
por dny,
Murrli'il Mon.—Mnrrloil men living
with lliolr fmnllloH, wlio lmvo been
In thn sorvlco of tho compiiny five
yenrs or Iohh, sliiill rocolvo flO per
cont of tlm daily wiikch they uro hi-
ccIvImk nt thn tlmo of the nccldont,
l-'or ciicli iiililltloiial yonr of sorvlco
nbovo five yi-nrs *_ pur cont. shall bo
added to the relief, For each child
under If! yonrs t> por cont. shall bo
nddod to thn rollof. Ilut In no ciiho
shnll ihiu relief exceed $'_, per day
for mnrrled mon.
Porinanent Disablement,
I'oi* lliu Iohh ul u liiiiui, 1*. hu-iiiiih
For thc loss of mi nrm, IR months
Ker tho loss of n foot, il months
For tlio loss of a log, 12 months
For tho loss of ono eye,' (1 months
Fatal Accidents.
In the caso or married men living
with their families, who hnvo hoon In
lho Korvlco of the company five years
or loss, nnd lonvo widows, or children
under 10 years of asc, lhe company
will pny rellof to tho nmount equal to
18 months wngos of the docensed employe For each ndditlonftl your of
service abovo flvo years, 3 per cont.
•hnll ho added to this relief. For
each child undor 16 years. 10 por cent
fthftti ho lidded lo thU rullof.
In addition to tho above, wo havo
adopted n system of pnylng premiiiius
for the elimination of accidents.
By the completion of the six-inch
survey of Pembrokeshire the whole of
tho South Wales coal-field has now
been covered. Mr. H. H. Thomas, in
completing the mapping of the carboniferous tract between Newgale and
Nolton Haven, finds that the lowest
coal measures occur on the northern
side of Newgale Marsh and are followed by a shale-series with the most
important coals. These have , been
worked along the southern side of the
marsh and in the West Hills, and
probablyat Simpson also.' The highest
measures strike parallel to-the coast
to the north of Nolton and contain
several good veins which have been
worked on the cliff, and at .the Folly
and Trevrahe. They are associated
with strong sandstones,*and thus form
a series differing markedly, from the
shale series below;. , At Nolton also
Mr. T. C. Cantrill finds *the lower
or. shaly group with several coal veins
most of which, have been, worked in
past tinjes, • to be succeeded by. the
same upper*or Pennant-like sandstone
■group., .in which coals, though present.
are, less numerous. This group presents a general lithological resemblance to the Llynfi Rock and Pennant of other parts of the coal field,
a resemblance noted in .1846 by De
la Beche. A somewhat complex struc-
of the coal measures between Newgale * and Nolton is noted by Mr.
Thomas. , From ■ Nolton northwards
the veins strike duo north, with a
westerly dip,. biit south of Chapel
they turn abruptly to the north of
Trevrane with a northerly strike, and
after a short course turn westward
along the low ground towards Bathes-
land and the sea. At Nolton Mr.
Cantrill finds several Important structural features affecting the carboniferous tract. In the first place the
strong south-south-easterly dip whicli
the Ordovlcan and Silurian rocks had
acquired ln pre-carboniforoits-tlme has
made the unconformity at the base
of- tho carboniferous cocks most conspicuous. One after another the outcrops of tho older rocks In the old
platform nro overstepped' by the Millstone Brit. ' But, the platform having
a slight declination southward, overlap within the carboniferous series
Itself was set up,—Science and Art of
Ulcmlnnln Socialists hold their first
annual convontlon In Edmonton on
August 22-27 with 20 official dole-
gatos from various locals of tlio west-
orn provinces and coiiBldornblo roiitlno
work was dono. The main • purposo
of this convontlon waB to docldo regarding the futuro policy to bo pursued as to coiitliuianco or not with
tho S, P. of C, Tho question of withdrawal had boon ngltiilod hy lliolr
oi'Biin, Hobotchyj Nnrod, of which Mr.
Slochlshln Is tho editor, Tho Ukrainian elomout, which for tho past two
yonrs was orKunly.uif and affiliated
with tho S. I\ of C. had tnkon vury
net Ivo participation in tho movomont
anil roconlly whon tlioy had succeeded In esinbllHhliig their own pnpor
with the editorship In tlm IiiiiuIh of
Mr, Sieclii'Hhln in Winnipeg tlio movement was well under' wny iih ii
st might Socialist revolutionary, but
when recently n misunderstanding
nroso within their own rnnks and a
fow of tlio londors woro discontented
with tho way affairs were conducted
In tho Kngllsh local they hognn an
iiggrosslvo agitation against tho B, 1'.
of C, nu a wholo and lho Itohuidiyi
Nnrod cnmmoiicod n campaign nlso,
Mnny of tho Ukrainian socialists nre
V.Ol   :\}\   I'l'.fflclC'iitly  •"•nil  VCM-fO'l   I'l   ll\f>
Mnn-llHli lniiKintKn to he nblo to follow tho ronl fonturos of tho controversy from tho viewpoint of the Western Clarion naturally took the opinions of {ho Robutchy Nnrod an tliolr
guide nnd nt Iho recent convention
r,.\. i„«iiiiiij *.u*.*cm w'.-vu.u.ub ****-) ***'*-'-
HiigRostlon of tho paper except J. W.
Seiiu-nliik, Harry Topllncky nnd
Tliomnn Toninshovsky and thb result
was suvorunco from lho 8, P. of C.
and to form a now pnrty styled the
Social Democratic Pnrty of Canndn.
Wlmlher or not their efforts will
succeed Is ot present an opon question, but It la to be hoped that the
leHiiIt of tlie experiment will prove
to thom conclusively tho lesson that
hns already bofln tint of others not
to allow the personal strife of Individuals to pormll thom to forsake the
scientific and revolutionary stand of
the a. l\ C. Put not your truat, lu
"lenders" but let your guide be always
the strnlitht and clonr cut philosophy
of Socialism.
The first lord of the admiralty,
Reginald McKenna, gave the house of
commons some, interesting ' figures
about the navy the other day. - He
gave the following figures ■ showing
the tonnage of the effective. fighting
ships of the navies of Great Britain,
Germany and the' United States at
different periods:
,   ■ United
Great Britain   Germany   States
1S80       664,888   145,500     	
1890   ......1,119,095   165,064   120,125
•1900   ...... 1,S89,614   293.4C1   209,300
1906   ....; .1,891,307   441,666 ' 476,276
1907'    1,885,966   447,820'-547,222
1908 ..'....1,934,368   638,714 ' 629,747
1909    2,046,126   544,073   706,207
From 1906 onward, second and third
class battleships, coast defense ships
and sloops, gunboats and subsidiary
vessels have been omitted, as not being effective fighting ships in the
British list.
Mr. Clough, M. P., asked-. Mr. McKenna to state the total capital cost
of construction and armament equip
ment of the Indomitable, Invincible,
Inflexible, *■ Indefatigable, Neptune,
Colossus, Hercules, Orion; Lion, Princess Royal,. Conqueror, Monarch and
Thunderer; .what is the annual cost
of maintenance and ammunition* of
each of these battleships,and what is
pay'of officers and men of each of
these battleships in full commission.
. Mr. McKenna said that of the ships
named the first six have "been com
pleted and the following figures give
the information required in regard to
Indomitable—Total cost of con
structlon £1,662,940; total cost of armament, £90,000; annual* cost of
maintenance and ammunition, £58,-
200; annual cost of maintenance and
pay of .officers and men, £70,200.
Inflexible — Construction, £1,630,-
740; armament, £90,000; maintenance
£58,200;  officers and,   £70,200.
Invincible ~ Construction £1,676,-
250; armament, £90,000; maintenance
£58,200; officers and men, £70,950.'
St. Vincent—Construction £1,581,'
785; armament, *£142,400;, mainten*
ance, £58,100; officers and men
Coliingwood—Construction £1,539,-
3R5; armament, £142.000; maintenance, £58,100; officers and men,
Vanguard — Construction, £1,402,-
270; armament, £142,400; maintenance, £58,100; officers and men,
Tho cost of construction In tho case
of the St, Vlncont and the Colling*
wood Is llnblo to revision. As regards tho remaining ships only estimated figures could bo given and it
wns not, considered desirable In tho
public Interest to glvo such an ostl-
mato at present.
Fifty Thousand Men Are Idle In Now-
castlo-on-Tyne, England, as a
Result  of  Dispute;
LONDON, Sept. 17.—Fifty thousand
workors lu tho bollor shops In Now-
custlo-on-Tyno wero locked out todny
hy shipbuilding firms. Moro trades
uro io bo nf footed ,niid It Is oxpoctod
that 100.000 of tho allied trndos will
bo out within a day or so, The workors declnro that tho URrcomoiit ontor-
nd Into botwoon employers nnd workmen In 1900 hns boen violated, and
thoy deinand Hint tho old ngroemont
he lived up to,
Notlro Is horohy -..Ivon thnt tho
pni't,jicrshlp heretofore oxIstliiR botwoon uh, tho undorBlgnod, ns tlmhor
dealers nnd contractors nt Morrlssoy
-liiiii'llon, li, c„ has this day boon
dissolved by mutual coiiBont. All
debts owing to tho snld partnership
Mnvrl-wey .tun^tlnn nforennld, nnd nil
cliilms nRnlnat the snld partnership
nro to bo prosonted to tho snld
Thomas Lokbo hy whom the samo
will ho Hottlod.
Dated nt Fornio, 13. C, this 8th
uny oi AiigiiM, SVilw,
Witness;   L. P. Eckstein.
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
Queen's Hotel
Under New Management
Excellent   Table and
all white help
Additional Table for
28 More Men-
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Bur supplied with tho best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
On first clasi
business and rest
dentlal  property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
W^   W
:{ WM.     BARTON !
.(   Auront   Fernio   Branch    \'.
t l»«»,tln.t*.    Av-fc.    Worfh '
Bap Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything .
Up-to-date ,
Call in and
- see us once
The Hotel of Fernie
•Fernie's Loading Commercial*
and Tourist Houso
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee,. Llq.     j
uldator and Trustee;   auditor to
tlie Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
P.  O.  Box 308
Mclean co., lm.
Ono of llm (|UGKtlonH often naked
hy a strnnRor In lown whon ho
arrives after the usual hour for
UK-als In over is: "Where can I get
a windwlch nnd a cup of coffoo to
ll<!o mo ovor until the dining rooms
nro open," can b« readily answorod
hy "Drop In at the Club Cigar Storo
■»* yon can get Just what j'ou are
looWl»K tor there." A \atna eloctrlu
»l*n U to bo Installtd -announcing
somi> of the wares sold by our enterprising townsman. William Ingram.
Furniture Moving a Specialty
* ■■■■■«"'■ niiiminiw murium
ltonvo O-Mm* wllh W,  V**y
.-.•NK r»
In proforonco to othors Ib tho ono
whoso label boars our namo which Is
n guarantee of both purity and quality,
hut sell thorn by tho cam to first dais
hotela, dealers, clubs, ete. Auk for
thom and you'll know why tho bout
Judges prefer them.
Ledger Ads Pay
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings*.' -•- "■>
TheWeek'sNewsfor J
Our Foreign Brothers \
Nowhere in the.Pass can be
found y „7-
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork,. Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners'and Sauer Kraut.,
Calgary Cattle Co.
_■=■*,■, Phone 56
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
■■■.'..        s
and        |
• Bottled Goods a Specialty
i *.. *y
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.    .,
First class table  board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
i     » r  -.       , r - •'       .'ji    -   .  "■
Rates $1.00 per day
R.Henderson, Dlnln_rRonmMgr.
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦•^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^
j Fernte Dairy
delivered    to   all
parts of tho town
Sanders & Verhaeat Brothers.
srs, *
Host liinloi'iiilH only hhim!
and fh'Ht elims work-
iniiimlii)) niiHiu'i'H
A Good Job
JOB PALVO     How f-oon DIock
-Kazdym rokem con tu sjezdu!
Kazda korporace, strana, frakce kona
sve .sjezdy. ' Stoupenci' mirove Idee
odstinu, politikari, "vedatori, . spasite-
love narodu, vladhl' radove' a- repres-
entanti proti obchodu s lidskym mas-
em, liclivari, zlodeji atd., vse sjizdi
sa z mznych koncin die <spriznenosti
a sympatie konajl sjezdy yyrocnl.'
Kazdy podobny sjezd vetsinou neni
nie jineho, liez" representace te neb
one' skupiny narodu a statu. Uvitacim
banketem se sjezd zahajuje a jim take
konci. ■. Aby se neco uzitecneho vyko-
nalo, o torn neni ani reel. Mirove
konference jsou.protikladem antimili-
taristlcke propagande, zbroji se dale
ve vsech statech, vice jak pred kon-
ferencemi, valecne putky a vrazdeni
kazdym rokem stoupa. Konference
proti obchodu s devcaty, na ktere
berou ucast statnlci a burzoasle —
vzdor tomu obeliod s devcaty. bujl
kazdym rokem-ve vetsich rozmerech,
nez-ll pred tlm, „Cela rada sjezdu ve
jnienu clvllisace, pokroku, vedy, kona
se kazdym rokem. Ano 1 sjezdy pob-
ratlmske ruznych narodu a statu.
Pobratimsky sjezd vseslovansky, ktery
neni n!c jineho, nez ze stava narodu
slovanskych, kteri se clavajl nadale u-
tlacovatl svynil nepratell a Jcjlcb slav-
nostnl reel jsou pouze znakem slabosti
a. neuprlmnosti. Zlo trva dale, nep-
ratele svobody a vyssavacl lidu nem-
aji str'achu, nebot znaji sve spoluob-
cany a projevuji-11 svou nespokojenost,
pak jest to vse jen zdanllve.
Jak vypadajl tyto sjedy.-tak nelisi
se v • posledni dobe sjezdy delniku.
Vidime-li ria sjezdecli burzoasie pouze
jeji placene represantanty,. statnlky,
placene profesory, rady, poslance a
ministry, shledamc.' se stejne s temito
na delnickych sjezdecli, po'radanych
stranbu soc. dem.;"nebo krest. soc. a
jinymi. Byvaly doby, kdy. s nadeji
delnik'pohllzel vstric usnesoni a.jed-
nani sjedu delnickych. Dnes porada-
tele sjezdu - maji nejvetsi zajem* na
torn, aby" sjezd.vyrovnal se pouhou
upravou a slavnostnim poradem sjez-
dum burzoasle a'kapitalistu. Jineho
vyznamu .'nema, nejvyse ze nektere
nespokojene zivly ve strane se prive-
do"u*k poslusnosti a vyda-se. papezka
encyklika bud proti nevercum-delni-
kum, nebo vladea.burzoasii.
Tak letosniho roku od dne 8. srpna
kona se jiz 20. mezinarodnl sjezd
horniku v Bruselu; v .Belgii, kteryz
bude jednati o nasledujicicli bodech:
Hornicky inspektorat, Sestatneni dolu,
Upraveui mzdy na zaklade kolektivni
.emlrinv" Cnavvlillin—'-'MpTVlPplrn''' Op.hr.
ranne zakono'darstvi, Prace _en a'deti,
Shod. *^doba ..pracovni, 2 franky pense
deiine po" 25 letech prace (navrhuje
Francie)7Svetovy mir, Odskodneni,
delnika nasledkem lirazu: Dale , navrhuje", Francie * lipraveni pomer'u co
cq vyroby. se tyce, podanim nasle-
dujlciho navrhu: V.pripadu general-
nl, stavlty" horniku v jedne zemi je
povlnnostl organisace horniku *v zemi
sousednl prodiikci uhle co nojvice
obmozltl.1 Dale zavedenl. 1 .-i-denni do-
volene kazdy rok veskeremu hornl-
ctvu, aby tim zabrzdeno bylo nadvy-
robe' uhle atd,
Delegatl" budou-uvitanl a pn'jmutl
na * radnlci mesta Bruselu, zahranlc-
nim delegation bude usppradnna brat-
rslta hosjtlna a jeden vcclrek atd.
Jnk seznatl Izo z porndu sjezdu,
bude se jednati o torn .sameni, co po
vsechna letn predesla.
• Clovek neznaly pomeru v hornlctvl
by si. myslol, ze pozadavky horniku
jsou vollco tezkou veci, kdyz po tolik
roku, nobo zo jiz byly dosazeny-a zo
so-jedna o novo, co zatlin stalo pre-
mlla so jedno a to same.
V kazdem nnrodo voill hornici co
chti a jojlch pozadavky jsou proklnm-
ovnny na vbccIi sjezdoch, konforonclch
a Bchuzlch, ktorych so porada kazdym rokem na tlslco, V torn omoru
nopotrohujl hornici zndno dvacotllote
dohodovanl. Prlpndn to soudnoniu
horniku jako ty mirove konforonco
Btatnlku, kdo kazdy horujo pro mir
a bvoJI ozbrojenou mod hlodl druheho
prlnutlt k povolnoBtt nob kujo plany
na novo zbrojonl n vnlocno nobozpocl
Jo na obzoru jako drivo n ohrozujo
lldBtvo novyml mnunkry,
Sjozd hornlkiii na ktorom votsinou
zadnl hornici ncberou ucast, nybrz
Biunl posliiiicl a Bokrolnrl, pojodna o
vflom moznom, coho hornici potrohujl
a' coho by jiz mell mill a co by parla-
ment a vlada moln pro horniky vylto-
natl a hlod'to — sjezd ho rozojdo,
hornlctvo toho nob onoho naroiht
proclo fll dobro rosoluco, h jakou
pohoHtlnnoRtl byli prljatl cizt dole.
Kali oil moatHlio riuly, nojiikoho vlndn.
ho */aHtii|HM> prfpltok na rozuiiiiiy pon-
Itiii orBiinlBovimolio homlctva ~- a
nbohy  hornlk dale  zlvorl,  dmino  v
X ,  _    , t—:	
casiiych hodmach. rannich neb vecer-
nich ubira se viecnym, unavnymt krok-
em k dolu, aby dale byl vykoristovaii',
mrzacen a _ na konec na dlazbu
vybozen.;*.        - '
, Do techto koleji vede politika odborove organisace s jejim parlamen-
tarismem. Ka'zdy« jen chtit a' razem
nastala'by zmena, vse lezi v rukou
homictva sameho. Talcove , sjezdy,
zopicene po burzoasii, neprinesou del-
nictvu niceho, nebot pravym jichpds-
lanim jest, aby ha miste staleho dek-
lamovant o pozadavcicli' se konecne
pristouplo k"... .rozhodnemu kroku; do~-
hoda o vzajemnych. podminkach v
boji protl uhlobaronum mezi sebou.
Vzajemna solldarita a vseobecna stavka horniku vsech zemi •> neb, vicero
zemi neb jedne zeine. Dohodnouti se
o vzajemne pomoci, hornlk k horniku,
o taktickem spolecnem postupu valec-
nom, o prostredcich ku vseobecne
stavce proletarlatu,i tof ukolem sjezdu.
Povazujl, ze podobne usnesenl a jed-
nanl sjezdu vykonalo by.jiny ucel a
dosahlo uspechu. Nebot to znamena
vlltl novou krev, nove zapalne latky
pro svatou vec proletariatu, probuzeni
jeho k osvobozovaci akci, privestl jej
zpet k poznane pravde, blize ku spolocnosti nove, volne, v niz nestava
pana ani otroka.
- Ale sjezdy, jake kona , dnes burzoasle,. die kterych se opicl sjezdy
delniku, poradane pod patronatem' a
svoleni kapitalistickych .vladcu, ty
nemaji vyznamu a snizuji delnickou
organisacl k lokajstvl pro vladnouci
tridu. .
. Nebyti teto'lokajske sluzebnosti delnickych zastupcu, kteri-svou vlecnou,
-neplodnou taktikou udrzuji proletariat
v poutech nevedomosti, trpelivosti a
prodluzujice trvani panstvi vysadul
tridy, jsou proto jen od techto trpeni
a oficielne i neoficielne prijimani.
To pochopte hornici, kdo brzdi a
zdrziije vas, aby nedosli jste v brzku
svelib zlepseni. Lokajstvim nedojde
se osvobozeni z podruci kapitalu.    D.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦-♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ Notice to All Mine Workers,   ♦
♦ All miners are requested to ♦
♦ stay away from Trwin, Madison, ♦
♦ Greensburg, Latrobe and other ♦
♦ mining towns in Westmoreland ♦
♦ county, where a strike has been -^
♦ in effect- since April 1, 1910, the ♦
♦ coal companies having refused ♦
♦ to, recognize . the    miners' or- ♦
♦ ganization or enter into a work- ♦
♦ ing agreement. .Agents of. the ♦
♦' eoal corporations, are shipping ♦
♦ men from,various parts of the ♦
♦ country to take the place of the ♦
♦ strikers hy misrepresenting-the ♦
♦ true condition of affairs. ♦
♦ FRANCIS  FEEHAN, '.,   ♦
♦ •   President.   ♦
♦ •   Sec'y-Treas. ♦
♦ ■   -    *     - ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
60  YEARH*'
Un viaggiatore arrlvo una volta in,
un certo paese. Egli era vissuto al-
legramtente.ed i suoi istinti non erano
pervertiti da cattive ■ teorie, ne rim-
piccioliti da buoni insegnamenti.-
Un, giorno egll_ si reco in campa-
gna. Vide un contadino e si mise
ad osservarlo: Intanto passo di li il
padrone della terra il quale si mise
pure, a guardare.     '       .
— II cuore —r egli disse — mi lac-
■rima- a""vredere—quel^contadino;—'Io—gli"
do lavoro nel mio^campo ed egli vive
iu>lla' piu squallida^ miseria. Non
posso capire come cio avvenga.
— Forse — osservo il viaggiatore
— e perche questo campo e vostro..
— No — rispose il padrone — perche vedete che io gli do lavoro, ' Egli
vive di lavoro.. '*        -   • • -
— Questo — replico il viaggiatore
— e un paese curioso. Personal-
mente, Io vivo di elbo, vest!, spqr-
anza e" liberta.
—" Egli e soltanto un contadino —
osservo. Ia mogllo del padrone che
s'era frattanto nvvlcinnta — e per di
piu lo gli regalo una coperla all'iinno.
Mii Io credo che egli beva.
— Questo e uno strano paeso , —
dlsso'll viaggiatore..—' Anch'io bovo,
E vol non boveto?
— SIgnore — dlsse la, signora —
q'uestn e una forma di clvilta in questo
II slgnoro voile esprlmorsl ln holla
— Nole cortamento —. dlsso — pro-
ndiahio, qunlcho volta, un' po' dl
— Mn questa croatura — contlnuo
la signora —■ Io sospotto, cho bova
E sosplro.
Un filnntropo cho 11 ragglunse in
quel momenta lntorloqul:
i— Guardate! — csclamo il vlng-
glatoro -- II contadino cado stlnlto.
Alutiamolo un po'.
— Siato cautl — dlsso 11 slgnoro
— 6 gll dlstruggoroto 11 sonso della
—E forse — aggiunso la Blgnora —
lo faroto orgogllofio o mono ubbldl-
en to.
— Io credo — dlsse 11 viaggiatore
— cho In lul la doforonzn sia dlBgiiB-
tovolo como la povorta,
—"UkII modoBlmo o dlHguRlovolo —
obboi'vo In signora.
—- Hem! — tossl 11 viaggiatore.
— Como ouporto In quoBto coro, lo
vl coimlgllo dl oHBoro eaull — iIIbho 11
filnntropo. »~- Obhoivo cho egli non o
aiicora del tutto povoro, Audio orn
obII mnugla uu pozzo ill pnno,
■—• Anclio nol — iIIhho 11 iilgnoro
Hlnmo volonturoBl d'alutarlo,   Mn nn>
cora non e il tempo. , Verremo do-
E condussero via.il viaggiatore.
L'indomanl, quando ritornarono, tro-
varono il contadino che moriva,
II viaggiatore, spiccando un salto,
supero  la  siepo  e  dlede  un  po'  dl
acqua e vino al morente.'   Gll altri lo
seguirono passando per una porta.
. •—Fermate! — disse il filantropo,
— Vol probabilmente non sapeto 1
gravl-inconvenient! che puo apportare
— Io credo — disse il viaggiatore
— di conoscere la differenza cho e'e
fra un corpo vuoto ed uno pieno.
— Cio e.irrivelante — osservo.il
filaintropo. —' Investighiamo il caso.
E si mise con gran destrezza a far
domande al contadino. II" signore e
la signora scuotevano la testa appro-
vando. II viaggiatore che non era
cosl educate, s'impazientiya.
— Credo ■ proprio cho sia il caso
d'aiutarlo — confei-mo il filantropo
finito 1'interrogatorio. ,|
—' JIa egli e^morto, perdio! —csclamo il viaggiatore.
Gli,altri lo guardarono con altegia;
ma si contennero dignitosamente.   '
— Almeno egli' e morto indipen-
dente.— disse il signore. — E senza
lamentarsi, sebbene fosse senza grali-
tudine.      '        ■ •
'— E non fu avvilito dalla carita —
aggiunse il filantropo-— prima di essere povero del tutto. Guarda te e'e
ancora un po' pane ncllo sue tasche.
— Egli coltivo il grano per, far quel
pane — disse il viaggiatore.
• — Sulla  mia terra — aggiunse  il
padrone.   — E' con tutto cio vis
in  abbietta pove'rta.    Cio* e    disgu-
.. — E' vero — disse la signora; —
ma non lo rimprovero, perche egli ora
e morto.
— ,Hem! — tossi il viaggiatore.
■'—Del resto — continuo la signora
— questa gente non conosce di meglio.
— E"" vero. — disse__il_yiaggiatore
mieux detaches qu'avec un telephone
ordinaire et la conversation eut lieu
sans la moindre interruption. Pendant quelques minutes, au moyen d'une
clef adaptee, a l'instrument, on a
echange des telegrammes au Morse,
par telegraphie sans fil.
— altrimenti avrebbe tenuto il grano
per se.
La signora alzo il naso in aria e
guardo il"viaggiatore frigidamente. II
signore assunse inconsciamente l'at-
titudine del ritratti dei suoi avi. II
filantropo si rltlro da parte e tossl,
— Io credo — disse il viaggiatore
— -che.il .tempo   sia * venutorper la
rivoluzione,   ",.
Hartford, Ark.
Un nouvel et remarquable exemplo
nous est apporte de l'lnfludnce pro-
fonde, decisive memo, que los camarades dos organisations allemandes
exercent sur les masses ouvriere's do
cette grande nation.
Au congres de Leipzig, en septembre dernier, lopart! democrnle socialiste decidult do poiirsulvre contre lo
poison nlcoollquo, uno cninpagno vig-
ourouse n la fols dnns l'lnterot do la
snnto moralo ot physique do In classe
ouvrlere ot pour attelndi-e lbs grands
producteurs d'olcool — les junkers
prusslens—onnomlOB ucharnes du proletariat.
Les rosullats do l'uctlon do nos
allemands — au bout do hult rnois
souloment — bo sont doja fait south*
d'eclatnnto facon.
Len Btatlstlquos offlclollofl hoiib np-
pronnont, on offot, quo' la production
et la confiominntlon de 1'alcool ont dl-
mlnuo on Allomngno doputs lo hoy-
cotlogo du polflon, organise par lo
pnrtlco los syndicats ouvriors dnns la
proportion do 13 por cont pour la production ot de 25 per cent, pour la con-
Quel uuigiilflque exemplo pour los
ByndlcnllRtoH do tons lon pays ol Ior
frnnr-nlfl on pnrtlculler.
Guorro n 1'nlrool,- tollo dolt otro uno
do tlOH dOVlHGB,
Tl»*DC MktWU
         Coi»vnioHT« Ao.
Ant (mia *M\Mnt aaMtih end dMotiplInn mi?
qui«>i/ **v*i,iii v. "i'}u*-."v_* _<lu.'u.>:._ii"
tr-itM notUt, without eluee, in tbe
Scientific flkr can.
ATundtooiilf UluiinUxl WMkl/. ttfxmtt ett*
«ib«»4«t, New York
j»F8U\7Mblo(toa,I).0. .
List of Locals District 18
* W dniu 7 sierpnia minelo lat 10 'bd
smierci dlugoletniego wodza niemiec-
kiej i miedzynarodowej so cyalnej
demokracyi, niezlomnego , rewolucy-
ouisty Wilhelma Liebknechta.
Urodzony ' 2C marca ■ 1826 roku,
zmarl 7 sierpnia 1900 roku, prze-
zywszy lat 74, z tych- 52 w nieustan-
nym boju o najzywotniejsze idealy
Cale zycie "Wilhelma Liebknechta
bylo poswiecoue walce o einancy-
pacye klasy pracujacej. Wraz z Karo-'
lem Marksem i' Fryderykiem Engel-
sem stal on u kolebki'nowoczesnego
ruchu robotniczego;, zycie jego bylo
nierozer walnio zwiazane z historya
nletylko niemiecklej socyalnej demo
kracyl, lecz dzicjami miedzynarodow-
ego socyaliszmu. Jego ognista wymo-
wa, jego znakomite . pioro zdobly
partyi masy zwolennikow I wlodly
partyo przez blizko. pol wioku po
clernistej drodze walk! klasowej,
chronlac ja od zboczenia z'tej drogi
i czyniac coraz to potzniejsze wylomy
w twierdzy reakcyi; wiodly'klase ro
botnlcza do * zwycleztw, nigdy do
klesk. ,
Jeszcze jako student glmnazyalny
zapoznal sie- z dzielaml francuskich
utopijnycli socyalistow ■ i * * od <• tego
czasu pozostal przez cale zycie wier-
nym socyalizmowi.,, Gdy w roku 1848
zabrzmialy pierwszc strzaly na bary-
kadach, 22-letnl Liebknecht stanal .xv
szeregu z ka rabinem w rek'u, jako
zolnierz rewolucyi Po upadku .rewol-
ucyi przez dlugie lata ja'dl gorzki
chleb wygn'ania, prozymierajac eczesto
glodem, a zawsze czynny okolo organizacyi rbbotniczej..
Gdy po latach powrocil do, Nie mice,
rozpoczal tu energlczna prace okolo
zorganizowania niemieckiej ■* partyi
socyalno-demokratycznej, ktora jeriiu
w wielkim stopniu swa obecna potege
i swietnosc zawdziecza. Przez 12 lat
trwania ustawy wyjatkowej przeci\y
sccyalistom byl on pewuym roztro-
pnm i do\yaznym przowod'njkiom.
Obronna reka * wywiodl on wraz z
Beblem niemiecka socyalna demo-
kracye 77. zasadzek stanu wyjaiko-
wego, ze wszystkich "nieDezpieczenstw
i przesladowan, i zwalczal w parla-
mencie Bismarcka, tego ' czlowieka
krwi i zelaza, z cala zacietoscia az
do jego upadku.
W roku 1870 zaprotestowal Liebknecht przeciwko wojnie pru sko-
francuskiej i za to odpokutowal dwa
lata w wiezieniu. Jednak* wiezienie
nie oslabilo jego goracej inilosci swo-
body.    Do   korica   zy    cia . pozostal
_ TM -irt^fi-lll-nrvti                  lltun-vinm lirnnnllrln-Tn
U«"'V1  LW«X( j At. A, IT a Ugjl-Clii TT ObVJIlUVI[|)U~
ucisku i jeszcze jako sedziwy starzec
z miodzienczym zapalem bronil wszystkich ucisnionych. _,
To tez my Polacy miellsmy w nim
najszczorszego przyjaciela obronce.
Ukochal on sprawe rozdartej naszej
ojcyzny, jeszcze jako mlodzieniec
kiedy w szeregach rewolucyi sluzyl
jako kanonier-pod Mieroslawskim. I
az do smler ci podnosll przy kazdej
sposohnosci smlalyr protest przeciwko
zbrodni, dokonanej, na1; naszej ojcyz-
nie i wsploral pclskich socyalistow
zo wszystkich sll w walcb 0 nlepod-
leglosc Polskl.
W roku 18C8 na kongresie robo
tniczym w Noryrnberdze powiodzinl
Liebknecht w mowlo progrnmowej:
JA chwlla naszego wyzwolenla (\v
Niomczech), nie bodziemy jeszcze 11
coin: pozostanio nam jeszcze jedna
robota 1 jeden pwioty obowinzek
odbudownnln Polski, Gdy dwu glow-
emu orlowl rosyjsklomu utulcmy
glowo zwroconl nn znchod, gdy w
PoIbcg znmzeniy zbrodnlo nnszych
panujneych, n mlnnowlcio najhardzloj
•wlnrolomnogo I linjmnlej nlomlcc-
klogo 7, nlch I .'ydoryka zwanego Wielkim przez fnlrzerzy history!, gdy
wypedzlmy despotyzm •/. ostntnloj jego
kryjowki, wtody, nlo doplero wtedy
mozemy ludy rozbrolc.
Toj Idol bronil do koncn zycln,
Byl znclotym wroglom enratu rosyj-
Bklego i orodownlklom odbudownnln
Polskl, «
Uomiblnl on rowolucyjna trndycyo
socyaliszmu. Byl on nloprzo jedna-
nym — nlo znnl, co to kompromlB.
Do oBtatnlogo tchu zachowal bwoJ
ognlBty rcwolucjny tompornmont
niloilzloncza hwIozohc I , bystrosc
Hyl to charnktor nUuigloty, czy Hty
jak lza„ Kochnny przoz towarzyfizy,
otoczony c?M\ nnwet wro gow, stnl
zawB/.o na strnzy «.-zyBto scl Hocynl-
iBlycznogo sztniulnru.
\V Horcnch prolctaryntu wRzyHtklch
iinroilow wyslnwl] hoIiIo wlecznloli'-
wnly poninllf.
solument necessaires afln a'etablir la
legitimite de sa reclamation.
En depit de la manque d'attention
de' la part de Madame veuve Dhez,
remarquant daus la lettre de Bishop
grand Delavault la response de l'avo-
cat de la mine d'exploitation inseree
dans le journal "L'Union des Travail-
leurs" de Charleroi; Pennsylvaiiie. E.
U. d'A. nous adressions a la redaction
de "La Voix du Mlneur," organe de
la Federation des Mineurs du Nord et
du Pas-de-Calais a Leiis les sollicitant
de nous aider d'obtenir les renseigne-
ments qu'il faut avoir de sorte que la
pauvre'o mere puisse etre paye l'in-
demnite mais nous attendons la re-
ponse qui ne doit arriver avant qu'une
quinzaine d'ici car nous n'avons ecrire
a M. l'editeur de ce journal-la que
pendant le mois "d'aout croyant de
temps a autre que nous aurions recu
une lettre de Madame Dhez.
Ces explications uous croyons devoir* i'ournir preuve positive que les
officiers n'ont laisse a cote' aucun
proccde afin de demontrer leur ardeur
de proteger la veuve et l'orphelin et
nous conseillons a notro correspondant de Passburg d'etudier les deux
cotes d' uno conte nvant d'essayer
d'attrlbuer de la negligence aux officiers de l'organlsatlon des mineurs.
painless   germ-killer,   and  when   applied to the broken skin is absorbed ,
into  the  tissue,  instantly  destroying
the germs  that  spread  disease  and
As soon as applied to a sore or a,
cut Zam-Buk stops the pain and
smarting. That is why it is so
popular with children.
The flesh thus soothed and purified, the wound is made perfectly
healthy, aud all poison and cause of -
festering removed. Having done this,
Zam-Buk then proceeds to heal the
wound or sore, aiid new healthy
tissue is built up in a quick, painless
and  perfect manner.
Zam-Buk must not be confused
with ordinary ointments. Zam-Buk is
a unique preparation, possessing antiseptic, soothing and healing qualities
that are not to be found together in
any other preparation. It. is not only
a unique healing balm, but it is also
a skin* food. For all skin diseases
and injuries—cuts, bruises, burns,
eczema, chafing, ulcers, ringworm,
etc., it is without equal. It is also
used widely for piles, for which it
may be regarded as a specific. All
druggists and stores sell at GO
cents a box, or post-free from Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto, for price. Harmful
imitations should be always refused.
.Knadyjski Ukrainskl Socialist)' wid-
buwaly miz 22-27 Augustom swoju
perszu konvenciu na kotru zichalos
bulo 26 oficialnych delegatiw' i bohnto
uczastnykiw. Konvencyju otworyw
tow Stechishin buwszyj Sekretar Fed-
Do prezydyji buly wybrani T. Tom-
ashavsky,0 predsidat, J. A. Powchuk
misto presidat, P. .Ternenko and J. W.
Semenluk,' Sokretari.
,- Konvencija mala na swoim poriadku
dnewnim duze bohato -s'praw do oblio-
woriuwamia ta hajvaznijszow spra-
wow bulo; widnosyny do S. P. of C.
nad kotrow toczkow delegaty na zal
duze malo zastanowlialys i poduzo
koroLkij dyskusyi konwencya poris/yla
•widstupyty wid teper. S. P. of C. a
zorganizowaty Social-Democr Partyju.
Czy konvencya uwlnczaje sia welykym
uspichom w zorgnizowaniu Social
Demokratii w Kanadl poky s/.czo szcze
lyszaje siapekuczym pytanlem. *
Ta pozywemo to pobaczymo.
0 ye who. toil at forges,
Or in the factories stand,
Ye are the blood and niuscle
• Of every mighty land.
Upon your vast endeavor
The thrones of greatness rest,
'Tis only by your struggles    .
A nation's name is blest.
What tlio your lives be troubled, *
And yours laborious days,
The glory of the people
Shall be your meed of praise.
Out of the endless working,
*   Tho shrouded seems the goal,
Shall come the Angel Progress,
, Advancement  of  the  Whole.
O ye who toil at forges    *
Whose thunder drowns your moan.
Yet you shall-reap the harvest
Wliich rightly is your own. ,,.
—Harry 11. Blythe.
Morris Quatzam, an eleven-year-old
Windsor boy, fell of his bicycle and
scratched his wrist. He thought
nothing of the injury-, but blood poison
set in and he is dead. - ■
.* Such  incidents    as    these—by  no
means  infrequent—ought    to    make
people realize the" "clanger that "may
lie even in the smallest flesh wound.
Take a simple illustration. ' When
a knife, a-rusty needle; a splinter of
dirty ..wood, a barbed wire fenc-e.'or
a thoi-u, scratches the hand, the latter
is inoculated with germs, of which
the air about us is full. Directly
theso germs are introduced through
tlio breach In the skin, a battle royal
ensues between them, and certain 01-
gnnisms in our blood.
The way to avoid serious results
is to cleanse the wound and apply
Zam-Buk.   Zam-Buk Is a powerful, yet
Represent a Toronto Syndicate Made.
-    . Up   of  Well   Known „Men.
-J. McEvoy,
Drlnnan,   of
PTip-inpo!-***. whn_
EDMONTON, Sepi. 17
of Toronto, and. 11. G.
have been engaged in locating coal
lands west of this city during the
summer, were in Edmonton yesterday
and proceeded oast last' night. Both
these engineers' are employed by a
Toronto syndicate in which Senator
Cox, Senator Jaffray, Sir Henry Pellatt and G, S. Lindsay, formerly gen-
oral'manager of tho Crow's Nest P/ihh
Conl company, are interesicd, Tlioy
located several thousand ncres of coal
north of the Brazeau collieries property, but the exact number they refused to state until they haftl reported
to their principals.
Sunday last a now tlmecard "vont
tnln nttooi nnd below wo Rlvo Dw
clinngcs thnt atteci this point**
312—0:20 a, in. Local, eaatbound.
313—10:00. Ilcgular ■ftaBeengor weat-
7—-11:40, Flyor, wp»tbounrt.
3H—18:10, l;ne«nlsr passenger,
311—20:38, Local, weatbound.
8—24:3ur Flyor, cnathoiini!.
24. 7
Corrected by District SoiTutnry up to Auruh 29, 1010,
Ilankhead 1. ..   P. Whcntloy, Jinnklionil Altft.
lioiiver cifeeK .. .S.   .\K-iJu1111ui1,   Hi-im-i*  -_iwwi.   *t«u nin.„u,
Dt'JJi-viu-   ....... -7. JJijj.*!', nelJi'i-ui', Prnnk, Altn.
nialrmoro   Jiwiph Turnbull, Blnirmoro, Altn.
llurmlB    Thomaa Orogory, Iliirinlii, Altn,
Cnnmoro   J, Nell, Cimnioro- Altn.
Colomnn  ....... W, Ornlmm, Colemnn, Altn.
Carbondalo   (I.  M.  Dnvlo-j,  Cnrbondalo,  Coloman, Alta.
Cnrdlff    JU. Lnmberl, Cnrdlll, Aim.
Corbin   Jm. Davis, Corbtn, B. C.
Diamond City .. Qcorgo Dobson, Dlnmond City, Lothbrldgo,
Edmonton    nichnrd Thompson, Prazor FIntB, Kdmonton.
Edmonton    M. nonlc, 434 Lorno alrcot, Norwood, Edmonton.
Fornio   D, Itoos, Fornio, D. C.
Frank  O. Nicol, Frnnk, Altn. ,
Hoamcr  ,•■ .1. Ayro, HoKinor, II. C.
Hillcrest   J. O, JonnH, lllllcrcst, Alta.
UtlhbrldKb   U   Muuiu,  P.  O.  113.  IMhbi'[di_J, Allu.
Mile   W, L. Kvnns, Lillo, Frnnk, Alia.
Maple Loaf .... M. Olldny,  Mnplo Leaf, nollovuo, Alta.
Michel   M. Birrell, Michel, II. C.
Police Flata .... Nell Duncan,  Pa&atmn.. nclluvuo, Alta.
Panhurn;    Harry Smith. Pjmburr. Alta.
Iloyal Collieries. Charles Smith, Itoynl Colliery, L-otbbrldge, Alta.
Htrnth-rona    A. Hhaw, Htrnthconn, AUa.   *
Taber  William RimmII. Taber. AUa.
Tolwr  E. llrown, Tnher, Altn.
Thi Riivnnl ntiKlnlH, M„ Hhnrmnn, In-
venlcur d'ni) nppnvnll do tuloplioulo
HiuiH fll, vlenl do proceilor a (Ioh i.<x-
porloncoH tres liitorcHHiintoH, perniol-
tant do poiisor <i" « 1'nvonlr, 11 worm
p()HBlbli> do' pnrlor n iriivoi'H In torre,
fi don inlnoui'H ciihovoIIh pnr un
ehmiloniont, ou 11 In f-niito do tout
nut in nccldoiil,
Le prlnnlpo do rinHtrumnnt. do M,
ShnrmnM cnnsliito 11 iitlllHer la t«rro
pour In triiiiHinlsHlon tion ondi-s ohw-
IrlcpioM, coiiiiin* Ii-h oikIoh sonoi'OH koiii
triuiHiniHUH pnr I'nir, Lo tolophono
nntlnnnn nnn hnhlno mil onvoht it
tnivoi'H lu torro don IiiiihiIhIoiih olec-
ll'lipicii (|lll IllUUKHt-'Ut  '-.'ft ciKlWllV.'n du
fer do riiiNti'iitiieul i--;i*i!|iiour; on dor-
nlor liiMfinmi'iii rocovant nltiHl lon
nndcR iilpctrI(|ii(<H, Iph trnnsfornip . n
Tl fint tvi-n noti iVmiitpIp Mnptrtfiiir.
I pour cela I'l riipparcil 11'i'Hl paa plum
grnnd i|ti'un npparell photo^raphlquo
ordinnlro, ntiqunl II rnssomblo tout a
fnlt, uno fold Inntnllo anr Hon legcr
I ah exporloncoB ont otn faltea dana
lon flontorrnlnA de Chlslohurat, f|ul for-
ment, n mu- Kninilo profonduur dauw
In torn', don cmilolrK tron tortuciix.
I'n d<*H lnwiriinH-ntH avait pip eiriWI
mi Motnmot de In rollino ou sont con
sfliiiftrraln-5, II irt.ilt place nur un tre-
pf. iT of mllp Jinr dmix tlin a deux
rliPvlHw plantpf-H dana lo aol. L'autrp
iTiMnim-r'Al' tut Ttlft-f-c a 200 mtlrc*
untie lerre. t-nntre U parol d'tino nub
titlo.. dans Ies tenc-bres.
1/ixn mois   ptnlent   pins   flairs et
N'tniH vi'iioiiH dn ri'fovolr uno loltrn
d'un uilnniii- I'l'iiiictilH do I'iihhIiiii'k,
Albertn, iiohh prlnnt <lo rinneror diinn
cn Joiirnnl iiiiiIh vu i-iic I'liutPiir no
iiohh 11 foiiriil mm nom coiiimi) prouve
ill-   liOUIIO   fill   Pt   11(111   pilH   IK-ci'NHIllrif
1111-11I ihiiii' piililicinioii, iiuiiH MinnincH
oblige dc rcfilHi't* nn prlern ol lie plilH
hoiih vriiiloiiK lul liifdi'iiH'i' (|ii« hI'II 110
Roll piiH Nfitlfil'nlt ilo In mnn lorn dn
In.iuollo Ioh offlclcrH i\o I'linlon out
tralto I'nffulro iiu'il dolt pieiiiliu
rl'nnli-nM -iiioMiirnn inovcliiHliit ln rnn-
Hiluilloii du locnl dont il oht iiffllln.
l.,l!p(.-Ulllllll \iXvx: j Ulijut l(U lltllt' Ml-
VOll'  ll   IdllH   (.'(.M   fnillClllN   I'lli   pi.-IIHI.-Ul
Uti'iln pulKKont met tre In blnine dn
Tifl»Hppiir'( (i ln porto de lciir» offlclcrH   IIOUK   fOlll'UlHHOIlH ll'H   I llllHf4K*l. ■-
ni -nt'.-  «i|li"iiil(--      liifco 'ivriir  focil   t.,o
nouvi'Ilo.s do I'nccldoni 11 i'lnfurliino
mlneur Dlio/ ((iiiformiiblcnicnt a In
prier*** do M. lo Proa. \V. II. Powoll
et M. le Roc-Treaa. A. J. Carter
1'cdlteiir do co Joiirrml n ikIiohho uno
lettre it In pnuvte more, Madnmo
Dliex a Llevln, Pn«-de Cnlnla d'nlli-r
ehOK M. In mnlre de cetu; vllle niln
d'obtenir ion documentn (jue In loi
exlre pour demontrer iju'i'lle est vrni-
ment la more du deeede et (iu'11 etnlt
win noutlen, mals Juai*iu'a proMtit nmiH
sommes prlves do reHpnnse de morto
r-ne, <-iiot(|iie les offtcters des mlneiirn
swiilk-iil alder la paurr-e f-f-mrft'- «V
obti'rtlr rindf-ninlte ponr In mnrt do
son fl!** Ils ne pptivrtit rlcn falre sans
ntolr ion drwumentu (pil lon sent nli>
of Canada
Paying Bills by
Deposit your rendy money in tho Home Bank
and pay your household or personal accounts by
cheque. Thc cheque is a receipt and at thc end
of thc month ail cheques will bo returned to you
I with your bank book accurately balanced.   Try
A thc plan,thiB month.  Do not think your account
r is too small—small and large' all (all into thc
fl same routine of system in a banking office,
4        John Adair, Manager, Fornie Branch
The Store of Good Values
Special Pay Day Offerings in Each and Every Department
A Money Saving event that will enable your dollars to spread around bigger values than usual.- We mention but a:few items and our windows reflect but a few of the many lines specially priced.for pay day selling, but you are invited to examine our store display and t^ke advantage of the many money saving values offered.        „ -," •/-,«    V " -  '      -      ,       ' '     "   • •    •   ■''■       . ,-.,-■ -•;-•■'-":    ■  ••*
Grocery Department
For this week-end selling we have on sale possibly
our last ear of-assorted*Table and Preserving Fruits
for the season of 1910.
If your requirements are not yet filled, or if you
have hot sufficient for thc coming winter's use we
would suggest tlie placing of your order at the earliest
possible moment. Finally we would remind you that
we are headquarters for Quality Groceries and that
our prices save you money. *
Italian Prunes, (Blue Plums), per box 90c
Preserving Pears, per box $2.25
Crab Apples, per box  $1.75
Freestone Peaches, per case  $1.10
Table and Cooking Apples, per box $1.65
Green and Ripe Tomatoes, per box .' .90c
Tokay and Muscat Grapes, Bananas, Montreal
Melons,'Water Melons, Citron," Quince, Cucumbers,
Green Peppers, Oranges.
Canada First Cream, large.20-ounce tins, Jl
tins for .......,.......$1.00
Lowney's Assorted Chocolates, regular" 50c   pound;
special, per pound- ...'.  ,25c *
Colgate's Assorted Toilet Soaps, regular 40c to' SOc
per box; special, box  ' 25c
"Wheat Granules, 6-pound bags   30c
McBrine Trunks are acknowledged the best manufactured. All sizes in a great'variety of styles and
specially priced for Saturday selling. .$2.70 to $12.85
v _**_ _ ' »
Without Charge, a Stetson
Hat or $5 pair of Shoes
Our Fit-Reform Wardrobes and Tables being loaded to their full capacity, and still more Fall and Winter Clothing rolling towards us as quickly as fast
freight can bring it, makes it absolutely necessary to
move out some of the earlier arrivals regardless of
all thought of cost and profit. All new season's cloths
and patterns made up in the Fit-Reform and Faultless
latest models, assuring you the, latest and best in
Men's Ready-to-Wear.' We want, your assistance to
reduce our stock, and although it is a thing almost
unheard of to slaughter profits so* early in the season,
yet we are obliged to do it to make room for the balance of our heavy fall purchases. With every Fit-
Reform and Faultless Suit we give you Saturday next
Men's Fine Shoes regular $5.00, $5.50 and $6.00
in the following well known makes, "Gold Bond,"'
"Carlton," "Traveller," "High Merit." . All made
up on the new Fall Lasts and in the-most popular
leathers: Patents, Tans, Velours, Box Calf, Gunmetal,
Vici. We guarantee a fit-for your feet, while the
special price at which they are now offered should
fit your pocketbook to the extent of providing you*
with two or more pair for the coming Fall and Winter wear. -      -,,
Pay Day Special $3.95
•Big reductions, in the Furniture Department for
Pay Day selling. Every article reduced in price for
this special day's sale. We invite your inspection
knowing that our prices, will do the rest.
Baking Cabinet for $7.75
Golden Oak Finish, two Bins and two Drawers in
base, three Drawers and large Cupboard divided into
compartments in top.   A bargain.  .$7.75
Golden Oak Finish, two Bins and two Drawers.
Good value at the regular   selling   price   of. $9.50. **'
Special >. °. .$4.00
Six" Drawer Chiffonier, Golden Oak Finish, mirror
20x12.   Regular $16.50, Pay Day Special....... .$7.50
Ladies' Dress Skirts.made   of   All-Wool Chiffon,
Panama, Venetian, and Ladies' Cloth.   Trimmed with
Braid, Buttons, Pleats and Folds, in Black Brown, ,
Blue, Green, Gray and Cardinal.   Regular $6.00, $6.50
and $7.00.    -
Pay Day Special $4.85
On sale in new Ready-to-Wear, Department.    - .,  -"
Ladies' Black Sateen and .Moreen* Underskirts.
These Skirts are made, of good quality material. Made
with two frills and' trinfmed' with narrow tucks.
Regular $1.25 and $1.50.    *    ■ ■ ■■    o   *
Pay Day Special 95c
", Ladies' White Silk Blouses. Yokes have fine Valenciennes Lace; beautiful Silk "Embroidered fronts
with clusters of fine tucks and buttoning at the, back.
Regular $3.50 to $3.75.      -    '.- ;    7       ,  ,.
Pay Day Special $2.75
Ladies' heavy quality Winter Weight Underwear.
.Part Cotton and Wool in Cream and Natural colors.
Regular 65c and 75c. •■ '■'
PayDay Special 50c Garment
Wilton Carpets Specially
Reduced for Saturday
If you are considering the purchasing of a Carpet
in the near future might we suggest that now. is .the
opportune time. Never in the past have we had so
large and varied, a stock,to please you," and never
were designs more beautiful than we are now show-
, ing from our Fall Stock. .  ,'
Notwithstanding our regular low cash prices, and'
the good values always, within your reach, this special
..Pay* Day Sale will fill your* carpet wants at a big saving to vou.   Prices:   Let's talk,it over in the' pres-
•  ence of 'the," Wiltons."     »
Our Dressmaking Department under the supervision of Mrs. Davy is now prepared to accept orders for
September delivery. You are invited' to call and discuss with Mrs. Davy the new season's designs and
materials. . '
■ Letters To       |
The Editor \
The editor is'   not   responsible for
articles that are sent in.
"Frank, Alta., le 14 bre, 1910.'
M. J. "W. .Bennett,   District   Ledger,
Senile, B. ,C. -   -
Cher Monsieur:
Nous sommes tous tres saiisfaits
do" la conclusion do l'affaire Decoux.
Dans cette clrconstance je me fais
l'lnterprete de tous les camarades
pour vous remercler ainsi que le
District Ledger pour la bonne com-
pagno qui a ote faite pour le droit
et la defense des faibles et des op-
primes. Dans nos remerclments nous
comptons aussi les noms do tous les
officers du district 18. ' M. W. B.
Powell, A. .T. Carter, J. O., Jones, C.
Stubbs, T. James and C. Garner.
Bien a vous, '   '
On Tuesday before his honor.
Judge P. E. Wilson, the compensation cases of ■ George Belinski and
Joseph Farano arising out' of fatal
accidents that occure'd at Michel,
were submitted for' arbitration.    De-
_cisions=ar© expected to De given in=
both cases in the course of- a few
days. Ross & Lane appeared for the
C. N. P. Coal company. Eckstein &
McTaggart on behalf of, th© dependents.
Just as we go to press we receive
word that an award of $1,000 has
been given in the Farano compensation case. ■•-
LINTON, Ind., Sept. 14.—Scores of
miners entombed, with a heavy toll
of dead and wounded, is the result
of an explosion which occurred at
Vandalla mine No. 10, ten miles from
hero at 9 o'clock this morning. The
dead aro variously estimated at from
one to 20, and it has boen impossible
thus far to penetrate tlio entry where
the explosion took "place.'
Undernoted .is. a schedule of the
power rates 'as adopted by the council and now in operation
Per   *.
Up  to
K.W. Hrs.
* <«
-5 ■
, 60.00
With a fixed  charge
of Sl.OO-.per
per month.'
, r. b. c:
Municipal Light & Power
'" We have' heen informed', by Mr.
Benjamin'Lawton, chief game warden
of the province, that there is a mistaken' impression curront that the
shooting season for prairie chicken
and partridges, opens on September.
This is incorrect, The open season
for shooting these birds is during the
month of October only and the limit
of each bag is 20 birds a day, but
not more than' 200 for the month.
Alberta sportsmen pleaso take duo
noto and govern yourselves accordingly.
******************* ****** *kk*kk-k*k*********k*krk*krk***
You need them.   We have them.    Come and get them.
* :       W. R.  McDOUGALL J
i   Roma Hotel Block -- Ferriie -I
The   Latest   Development
The Succoas of Coloman is Guaranteed by a Numbor  of  Groat and
Growing Industries by Which it is Burroundod,
Large Lots for Home  Builders
B *)"• ^^W   P^^ j_*     m*Ait*     J****™ Bl     W
+m w m m
-m m*0*M
SU.   -501 ■**   -HIIU    -upwaiu
Corner lot aiid house on Cox street.
Pleasantly located.,   $750 cash.   '
Pedigree Aii-esdale pups.,. Choice
stock U. Wr Mitchell, V. O 92, Revelstoke. •
It's up to you. We are here to save
you money in furniture and stoves.
Tho Trites-Wood Co.   .
Don't forget the spot to buy furniture and house * furnishings is at th***-
Trites-Wood Company,vLlmited.
Buy a Standard Sewing Machlno
and savo money. They aro In a class
by * themselves, at the Trites-Wood
Company, Limited.
Listen, wo can save you from $20.00
to $25 on a sewing machine, nnd give
you the best, "The Standard," tho machine that hus them all beat, and then
somo.    The Trites-Wood Co.
Tho special foo for joining tho
Woi-klnginon's Club of $1.00 should bo
taken advnntago of,boforo It Is withdrawn. Tho tournament is oh now
and entries aro still opon to thoso
that aro ollglblo.
Two lots In block 70, numborod fl
and 7, One a corner lot. This proporty Is all planted with garden truck,
foncod all around, $1,200 cash. Apply
13. llnrpor, McPhorson avonuo.
If you don't wont to bo firing up
ovory hour during tho wlntor to koop
from freezing to (loath, all you havo
to do In to buy a McClnry brlck-llnod
Hot IllnHt, Coal up at 10 o'clock p. m.
mid h)io Is good for all night, Try
ono ot tlio Trites-Wood Compiiny,
Onr Hungos aro all fitted with soml-
stool linings, Tlio groutoHt Invention
on oiii'th, No moro cnfltlngu, Tho
oven Ih ooiiHlruulod of IO-rimko nlcklo
Htool, malclm. tho most ovon bakers
on tho market. Thoy hnvo no equal
In quality, flnlnli or prlco. Tho TrltoH-
Wood Co., Llmltod.
FOR SALE—One corner lot in
Feriiie Annex, G0xl20. * Apply Mrs. M.
Hoelzel, rooming house, opposite
Baptist church,
FOR SALE—Furnished boarding
house. Property known as the GUI
Boarding House. Apply Ross & Lane,
barristers. ""
FOR SALE—Three-room cottage on
corner lot, . 60x120, Mason avenue,
Price, $575,   Terms.   Box 371, Fornie,
B, C.     "        ■-
FOR SALE—One genuine Walnut
bookcaso; one oak sideboard. Apply
at the Duthlo Hardware company.
LOST—-On Sunday ovoning between
Howland and Victoria avonuo, lady's
flngor ring, flvo poarls. Reward by
leaving at Ledger Offlco.
FOR LEASE—Grand Thontor; sooting capacity 050; electrically lighted
and hcatod; Rtngo accommodation
adequate for largest traveling com-
pnnloR. Minimum torm of loaso ono
yoar. All applications to bo rocolvod
by October 8th. Address D. Rpoh,
301 P. 0„ Fornio, B. C.
WANTED—Cotton RagB at Tho
DlHtrlct Ledger Offlco, Good prlcos
TO UENT—Fiirnlflhod rooms to
rcmpoctnblo, qulot peoplo, Modorn
Iiouho; centrally locatod. Apply to
MrH. \V. llunniiblo, noar Methodist
church. ,,
Date of Sale Will be Announced Later
Michel, B. C.
Coleman, Alta.
FOU RENT—Furnlahnd roomu with
or without board.   MrH, jm. lioeizul,
uiiiHtiilU U&ylUl thuuh.
Tfrxn   ■ot.'iyT    T«'0   rrtnrna   fnr   Hftit
hoiiHokecping with ubo of bathroom.
Apply ledger Offlco.
FOU SALE—Recently now $140
Dominion Organ, with stool. ■ Kxc« .•
l»nt rendition. Prlco $70 cnsh. Apply
"W. J>." Ledger Office.
FOR SALE—A Rood fruit and
chlckon ranch conUlolrtg about Mven
acre*, together wltb now hooio ind
chicken home and about too ebleken,,i
Apply box SSI, Nelaon, B. C
L. f. & E. 8HACKLED
Tho principal topic of convocation
In rnllrond clrclon today Is tlio Rovoro
trontmont that Ih being motod out to
a C, V, II. uiiglnour naniod Allward,
a mombor of tho Brotherhood of
l.oromotlvo Flromon nnd Hnglnomon.
Thu crltloM do not contend that ho
Ih blnmolusH of tho of forme char god
louvlng that for tho authoi'ltlou to do-
cldo, but thoy aro highly Indignant
IU (lit*- lUKI'IIUI* III ViJilUi lixs in '-ciuj,
1 resiled Volli Ini-l-lt*- nnd on!■■Mr of Dw
pri non wallo.
Allwnrd Is a locomotlvo onglncor
and whilo on tho run botwoon Kdmonton and Calgary ho was unfortunnto
onmiRli to mn down a handcar near
Niuiton nnd ono of tho oct'iipiims, nn
Itullfin, wns killed. It is reported thnt
ho dlfmppoarod during tho coroner's
In-liicBt, but when tho verdict wnn
brought in of mniifllnuRhter ngninst
hlm ho surrendered hlmsolf to tho
n. N, \V. M. P., nnd this fact Is nd-
vnnred by his sympathizers uh proot
tbnt ho Is not tbo terribly dnnKcrous
mun ono would b« lt-il to Uullovo
upon seelnx the special precautions
that nre being taken to prevent hia
The Brotherhood of L. F. ft B., of
which bo is a member, will have tha
hearty support of tbe other railroad
orunnlrnUona in their effort* to hava
this casa Inreatlffttad.
A Gentleman Dresses
For Every Occasion
—because the mere fact of being well dressed, fits
him for any occasion.
Fit-Reform styles place a man above the common
place. *
They give him confidence in himself and help him
to win thc confidence of those he meets.
Here are two styles that gentlemen are wearing
this season—Fit-Reform 3 button
Double  and Single Breasted
Sack Suits.   Made in choice
imported Worsteds and English,
Scotch and Irish Tweeds.
$18. to $35. ,_,
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
Sole Agents in Fernie
«..«...   ......   _|_   I, 11,_   ......
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• t
l.,l,_ J,.l,.i. *    I    I   ,l,,i    l    I    *    *    "    **
Us pay money to white labor
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