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The District Ledger May 7, 1910

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i f ndusti^iial Unity is Strenstb
7 _-•..
The Official Orgaaof District No. 18, U. PI. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOL. V.   No. 40
FERNIE,   B. C, May   7th,  1910
$1.00 a Year
|\ 7
Resents Reports As To
Visit of Prominent
7      '     * (Calgary News),      „'„'-"
. "There is absolutely no truth ln.the*
story. - af'all.- It was a-coincidence,
pure and simple, and b-th*-. gentlemen
were present as-my'guests.' - This'Is
the'denial given by Sheriff Van Wart
, to the story appearing In the morning
paper that the lieutenant-governor and
chief justice of'the province;met' in
his home, yesterday.in.'connection with
■the political situation,in. tha province
of Alberta. '/-.' "7 77' ""* \
, Mr. yan,AVart\was very positive in
his'denial" that the'meetiiig had no
polltical-.signiflcance whatsoever. '
■' As1-av-faiatter] of, fact the lieutenant-
governor came .south.-to attend'si'meeting of the Diamond Coal Company in
whichhe is largely'interested, and the
; crowded conditions of .the local hotels
riiade it'impossible for him to. secure
accommodation, tliere .and he .accordingly went to the Van-Wart home.
1 Chief Justice Sifton has', always been
a great friend of,the(stieriff, and from
■ an intimate friend' it wa\s learned this
' morning that if is his Invariable'' cus*
torn tb take dinner at* the' Van" Wart
'home whenever he is '.in. the"„city ,qn
Sunday night.   .    ■> •  7Fv-7,   ■ ,
'Pi ♦ ♦ ♦.♦'♦.■'♦■^♦'♦••* *•:'•♦
,♦.; . '•' ■♦
•♦;;  7 WAPNlNOTb MIN-ERS        ♦
■*•„: '  ^-* -> •  ■■♦:
♦ v- Keep away from Blairmore,   ♦
♦ - Alta., Mines'/as men*are"belng   ♦
♦ laid off at that'place.'. ♦
♦'■   '       :t>'  y^.iir' '•♦
-♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'■♦''.•♦ ♦ ♦ *•■•*• ♦ ♦
complimented Upon furnishing such excellent entertainment.-
.    "   -"    ''-     •■»*,,, -..    '
*  i -
^The" moving pictures this week are
certainly up to their usual standard, it
any change noticeable it is for .the better in the Grand .Theatre, as the result
of the changing of the lens'and several
other slight alterations of details that
leave practically nothing to be desired.    , 7   V   "V - 7' *7 .   ,       -'.
Montreal Capital Controls
Tract on Morice ;.
-j.:     River  --i
ii -*■
• - The current week- has been replete
-"ant.  *   '"■'".-['■/   :- **.   •"*--. ', s-' ,;-,,
First at' the.Grand,,Theatre,. Grace'
, Camerspn in the Jtitle ..role of the play
,;of "the. same name," "Nancy," appeared
before ,a: moderately sized house. The
melodrama was one of the improbable
M;1nd, and not"'by'a*ny'"i_8an8 natural in
plot, nevertheless It afforded her" an'
, opportunity.to display, her capabilities
as an- emotional, actress, but'the most"
remarkable feature was the rapid transit, from grave to'gay,, aii "evidence of
exceptional ..versatility,, . The^fyouee
was not particularly "warm" until the
' rendition of the song ' "Good* Bye"
which gained a hold-upon;the hearts
of,'lier listeners, and from that time
until the fall of the curtain they wero
en rapport,, .Tho feeling manner she
-sang "The Last Hoso of Summor," as
,nn encore brought to the mind tho,
days of the grout diva Patti, unci although not possessed of the volume, in
sympathy, Grace Cameron,is not' a
whit, tho inferior' of tho famous Spanish songstress,
Thursday night vociferous applause,
which was gracefully approciatod by
tho artistes markod the ovenlng's en-
tortainmont at the Fornio Opera Houso
when tho old limed favorite, Jessie
Mnolachlan and her talented trio made
thoir Individual appoaranco on the
footllght.  " '  *  '
Tho programme commoncod with
that beautiful, old, but over now ballad "Mary Morrison" by Barimhy Nolson, followed by tho .martini song "Tho
March of tho Cnmoron Mon." This
gontlomnn Ib cortalnly entitled to tho
term "Hobusto," aB ho Ib a man of
magnificent, physical proportions, but
wo refrain from mnklng .any spnclnl
mention of IiIh vocal ability, iiiamiuicJi
as ho was ovldontly Buffering from tho
effects of a vory severe cold, honco
■wna nt a disadvantage.   *   '     "
Tho arrival of tho Scottish fnvorlto,
■wns tho signal for a storm of hnnd*
clapping, proylifg ' conclusively, mat
JobhIo Maclnchlan lm« not lost any of
hor prostlgo, In fact many or thouo
who hnvo hoard lior during tho pant
row yoarB'aro firm In thoir hollof that
hIio wnrblOH ab woll as ovor nnd In addition tlicircto hnB bocomo a still moro
pnllHhoil nctroBB. Tho pathetic Intor-
prolntlon glvon to "Loch Lornon'" was
rtn|1y honntlful. This hIio prefaced
Uy ii story of a young Scotahmmi who
waa Imprisoned In Carlisle Cnutlo, bo
lug grantod a laBt intorvlnw with IiIb
Bwoothcnrt boforo his execution, In
which hn plcturnil tho scene bo w«H
doBcrlbod in tho song, but thnt hl«
tf.'.uslon to tho high road meant that
his holovod would wont hor way ovor
that whilo ho, taking tho lower rond of
tike lombi xiouhl bo In H<.\ilUi„} Imtnii:
w his spirit would nftor tho dissolution, visit tho BConfiB of thelr'tryBtliiH*.
Talk nhbut Inlmltnblfl drollery, Shop
ry possesses It, nnd hia upoe-chos on
"Mr nfihnrt Tlnrnfi"' hv nn *Rnrll«hTnnn
nnd tho "Deputation" p)aw hlm In tho
irront rnnk bb a i-ncantowr. but tho ago
of bin morloB nrncilcnlly ontltlo «omo
or thom to nuifornntiuiitlon, and It wab
only hlla splendid manner of proacnta-
tion that mod tho iltuatlon. *' Vor>
nloltoe may bo in lho baekwooda of
creation, but moat of us arrived after
tho doath of tood Queen Anne.
Tho accompanist, Mr. Buchanan,
proved himaeir canal to tho taalt and
■add-M no umall asalstance to the making of tho progrummo a completo ane«
cess. Ilia recital "Scottish Rhapsod*
!^e" was %o low-Sly a«Uim*<d ihat he
ntedn thf> rearMnM by a well executed
encore, " "      * "
Taking It all In all, It'WM-a jrranit
nigbt, and tho management <(* to bo
' *- Montreal  capital has    secured the
controlling' interest in' 30,000, acres of
bituminous and semi-anthracite coal'
land on the Morice river,'in* Northern-
British' Columbia. . Ownership .has
just been vested Jn a company incorporated under the title .of the', Prince
Rupert Coal'Fields, Ltd., with.an authorized capital of. $5,000,000, in shares
of the par value oft $.100 each. ■ ' '"
- Details of the'bi'g deal-were given
The Province'at the.Hotel-Vancouver
by'Mr. Thomas E.'-Jefferson,-a well
known' Seattle ■ mihjh'g' nian", ■ formerly
ofTButte.* " -      - —
"Mr.; Jefferson 1 is * largely
lnterestedj.'1^4li(^'i*pposltion, as 'well
as''lri.the"Telkwa' Mining, Milling arid-
Development Company, owning forty-
three claims in the adjacent district.
Mr.. Jeffexqon, and- his. associates secured these coal lands several- years
,-ago.'*.'. ' ■ '-•>. *' ' :" - ' ;,».- •* "
.' He will leave here next week for the
.North and'is. taking in two-diamond
drilling plants which will be,'used for
the next six months ..in Resting the
coal, fields.... Ho -lVas; arranged" with
his new-'CanadiaiT^ssociateB. . whose
names are- withheld.' for 'the"present,
to have - tho. aroa fully, examined this
summer by three mining exports,, who
will make separate'reports. One. from
Pittsburg, who will "represent the G.
T, P. Railway, to wliich tho coal compnny has' mndo application for" tho
building of a branch lino from .the
mlnos to tho main lino, a distance' of
twenty-five miles.- Onet of tho other
experts, a Balllmoro engineer, will
act on behalf* of West Virginia, coal
Interests, Tho third export, a Seattle
mnn*, will act on bohalf of tlie original
owners nf the,coal lnnds,
Mr. Jefferson stated thnt tho now
compnny has two vnrlotlos of conl,
one of thom being ndnptod for coking purposes. Tho other is nn Ideal
steam conl. It is expected that n
lnrgo proportion of tho output will bo
bought by the rnllwny compnny and
plans nro nlso' bolng made to erect
largo coal bunkers at Prlnco Rupert,
for supplying tho domestic trade, as
woll ns tbo steamships calling thoro.
Mnny of tho scams nro or largo bIzo,
ensuring a vnst tonnage. Tho analysis show both varieties to bo high In
tlxe-d carbon, After receiving ,tlio
reports ot tho throo oxiierts tho company will decide upon u plan of development to bo undertaken noxt
yoar. ,
-Although Montreal Interest*! nro In
control, now, the principal officers nro
American citizens in ordor to comply
with certain legnl roiiiilromonts In iho
United Stntos In connoctlon with* tho
trnnsfor of tho control, Tho bonrd
Ib composed ns follows:
- ProBldont: Thomas 13. Jofforoon,
general manager, .rnnk Dockorill, of
Vancouver;' directors, Col. John Mc
Cook of tho law firm of Alexander &
flroon; Now York; Mr. Hugo Illumon.
thai of HnllRnrtcn & Co., bankers,
Now York, and Mr. John P. MoOlnnln,
of llutte, formorly tho gonornl mnn-
nger of tho tlclnno mining and smelt-
lug IntoroBtH.nl llutte.
Mrs.   .Tofforson will necompniiy her
husband on the northorn trip.
Silver Wedding Anniversary
On the evnnlng of tho 28th of April
Iho homo of Mr, and Mrs. Honry James
was the scone of tho gathering togcth-
nr nf n vorv Invnns irnnn of frlondii nf
(his woll known and highly respected
couple, In honor of this, tho 25th anniversary of their union, and although
ao long a tlmo has elnpsod since they
started together on llfo's journoy tho
only evidence of tho flight of time Is
the ail vory streaks, because thoir
hearts aro as young as the day they
pllghtod their troth at tho altar.
A vory dainty supper waa prepared
and, thoroughly appreciated and aftor
'the labia was cleared tha rest of tho
evening; iratt spent In sonir and story.
Mr. David TmvIm favored the company
with om tit hie talraltab.. mMaMonc;
while Mr: W.H.TTayson dellsrht-*>rl thom
hy singing a song In a highly pleasing
manner. Mr*. Haywn and Mrs, Ley-
shan alao lent their valuablo assistance
To the Members qf.District 18.U. M. W. A.      , ;
In the agreement entered into between District 18 U. M. W. of A, arid the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
Company, Limited, 'dated March, 1909, tb expire 30th March, 1911, the following clause was'adopted
regarding the Minimum Rate:  '    - *■
' "When a miner's working place becomes deficient owing to any abnormal conditions preventing
him from earning the minimum wage of $3.00 per shift, and should the Company continue to work said
place,or places the Mine Management and Pit Committee shall examine said place or places, and agree
upon a rate to be paid the miner for such deficient work,    Failing to agree upon such rate, the place,
if worked, shall be upon the day wage scale for miners."
'<•-,■*. 'r '
It has come to the knowledge of the District Officials ttiat there are miners working in the mine's
at Coal Creek and Michel for less than $3jQ0,per day. - This is most certainly contrary to the spirit in
which this agreement was made. We desirt to point out to you that^any man who does so, is working
not only an injustice on himself, but also an injustice on his fellow workman. When this Minimum
Rate Clause was agreed upon by the District,in March last year,*it was v/ith a view of making a more
satisfactory. arrangeriV „..between the Company andtthe men than the previous one, and most decidedly not to reduce the'Mu&mum Rate, which any reasonable person will admit is even small enough for
a miner in this part.'of the world.
, ...The,main object in having the clause altered*in the present agreement was to give the miner an
'opportunity of calling in the Pit Committee to examine his working place immediately it became abnormal,-instead of having to wait until the end of the month to find out whether the committee will judge
,his place an abnormal one or <not. , ,
.** . . ", -* ,        ,        .     _
Some time ago this question was taken up by the District with Ex-General Manager Hurd, and the
- understanding arrived at then was that the Company would immediately stop any abnormal place, if
they (the Company) did not desire to pay a man hia $3.00 per day, and further pointed out that they
had plenty of places to open up where a man could make wages, also that it was not their wish that the
. men should work for less than $3 per day.   -        .    „ ■>     ■ ;
Now what do we find-today? The Company are endeavoring to bring * about a, system whereby
men. either through their, ignorance of the agreement or in some cases possibly owing to financial cir-
cumstances (and accepts the old proverb that half aloaf is better than none) being compelled to work in
'■' these abnormal places that he may eke-'out an existence. , The Company, thinking that they have carried. out..theirpart of the agreement in. informing a. man' that there is no make-up in such abnormal
places, continue with impunity to allow men to work in them, knowing well that it is impossible for any
man to make wages in same.   '       ,   .', ,.*'., "    „ ,      . - ,
i ' ,•■ * - - - " - c*
You are earnestly requested not to work under any abnormal conditions; if your places become
abnormal, immediately call the attention of the Pit Committee to the fact, and by so" doing you will
"nqTonlyHoOa^^^^ ! ''   :
,''-.'•'" ■ -.Fraternally yours,   ■   ' °        =, *. .
.'/           '" W. B. POWELL, President
; . . .■....-..     -.   ■ .-■*   ..'.".-. -:.''i       . *°  ." .'.*'   '   ■.
.-   .-.                     --.-..        -     ■'."-,'-.  ■, C. STUBBS, Vice-President
-. K ■        .     -7  .,-■•*-    "'       '       .   - |
.7 *-.;."   ,r    7 A. J. CARTER, Secretary-Tresurer
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦
Beware of two strike breakers from Nova Scotia:
C. Smith: Height 5 ft. S
in., weight about 170 lbs.;"" light
blue eyes, light hair and a
large -nose.
Jas. Harper,, height 6 ft.
weight 180 lbs., dark oyes,
dark hair and hare-lipped.
la. making the event one never to be
,-The'bridegroom of a quarter of a
century on behalf of himself and wife
thanked his guests for their presence
and expressed the desire that they
might- be spared to attend their golden wodd Ing.
Tho hnppy host and hostess were the
recipients-of, several suitable presents
evidencing the esteem with which they
are regarded in the community.
Thb District Ledger adds its congra-
and sincerely trusts that' the Journey
nlong tho rest of life's pathway mny
be free from nil enre nnd anxiety for
Bro. Jnmes nnd his 'beloved better
Tho following are tho results of tho
voting on tho by-laws:     ■
Water 118 ror nnd 22 ngninst.
Llglit 100 for nnd 30 ngalnst.
School 123 for and 10 against.
. Stroot 107 for and .10 ngninst.
Surface drainage 101  for nnd
Soworage 8I> for and 53 against; this
was tho only one lost,
*e> '
Tho Soelnllst Local of Fornla celebrated May Day by two gatherings Ih
tho Grand Opera House, ono In tho aftornoon waB hold especially for tho
bonoflt of tho Ukrainian comrades of
Ilosmor, because of their Inability to
nttond the ovoning session In u body
unions thoy stayed over until the next
day, consequent upon train service
Tho chairman at tho afternoon mooting, Davo Paton, Introduced tho sponk-
ors, prcfnclng IiIb introduction with remarks npproprlnto to tho occasion, Tho
speakers In English woro J. D. Harrington, J. W, Ilonnott nnd Charlos M.
O'Brien, while Iho discourson In Ruth-
onlnii woro (lellvortNl by two members
or Iloitmcr Local.
At tho evening mooting J. \V. Ron-
nott occupied the chnlr. Tho spenkers
were tho snme ns those who spoke at
Iho aftornoon session, excepting one
of the Hosmer comrades, who occupied thn pisiform. After mnklna* some
comments upon tho rhnrnctor of tho
L-dgiiiliUi-i-j -Uat-iuoi) uf Aiduru, ut
which he has the proud distinction of
being the first Socialist ropresmitatlve
C. M. O'llrlon dealt with tho ever Interesting subject of tho Industrial system
nndnr wlilrti wn llvn   trnrtnir It  from
tho earliest dnys of human society and
showing that all former conflicting ole-
monta, the ono above havo succumbed
to the one below, but that tho noxt
stop will simply mean tho overthrow
of tho capitalist systom and in Its
stead we shall have1 a aortal system
that will dispense with the slavo regardless of the namo given; pleblnn,
serf, villein, chattel slave, servant or
1 u
New Director of Dominion
Goal Co.—Prominent
In Finances
Colonel James Mason, Oonoral Manager of tho Homo Hank of Cnnndn,
now holds a director's Beat on tho
Hourd of tho Dominion Coal Company;
With Sir Willinm Van Homo ho wns
elected nt tho Important mooting held
In Montreal on April 0th, Sir Willinm
to represent thc "steel Interest" nnd
Colonel Mason, to roproscnl a group
of Toronto shnrehoIdorH.
Of Into Colonel Mason's nnmo hnH
boon Insistently npponrlng In tho. public press In one connection nnd nnotlior. In February lust ha was olovatcd
to thc military rnnk of full Colonel,
and a fow weeks later despatches
from London nnnounrod his elevation,
made general manager of tlie Home
Savings nnd Lonn Company In 1878,
having been selected for that office by
the late* Sir Frank Smith, and Mr.
12ugene O'Keefe, the present President
of the Homo Hank of Canada. These
gentlemen ■ reorganized ' the Toronto
Savings Bunk nn institution established In 1854, gave It tho nnmo The Home
Savings and Loan Company, and elevated Jnmes Mason, who had begun
his banking career ns a Junior in tho
Toronto Savings, Hank, to be bond of
the Homo Sayings and l/)nn Company.
From 1878'until 1905, when tbo Lonn
Company's name was changed to the
Home Hank, this institution wns under
tlio guiding hand of Colonel Mnson.
It pnld sovon per cont. dividend regularly, nnd when lt wns flnnlly merged
Into tlio Homo Bank, the shnroholders
received n final ensh dividend of i$0
per cont, nnd $200 tn Home Hank stock
for every f 100 thoy. held In Lonn Compnny Btock, Naturally onough Colonel
became tho General Manager of tho
Honifi Hank.
Healdcfl bolng a director of the Dominion Coal Company, Colonel Mason
Is also on tho bonrd of the Mnnufnc-
Hirers Life. Ho wns also n director
of tho Crow's Nost Pass Coal Compiiny
uo he com^s well qualified to take IiIh
sunt on tho directorate of the largest
conl c:)mpnny In Canada.
Sign up at Corbin, B. Ci
But Little Change at
Frank, Alta.
The officers of District 18 attended
Frank on Tuesday "and Wednesday and
together with the Local Committee
issued relief to the members of that
Local who are now. fighting against
the reduction which the .Company are
trying to enforce. A number of the
men have left the camp and are now
working elsewhere.
.President Powell, Secretary Carter,
International Board Member Garner,
and Organizer Brovey were successful,
after negotiating tho whole of last'
week with the officials of lho Corbin
Coal and Coke Company, in arriving at
an'agreement with that Company.
Tlie agreement is for twelve months
and, is practically, the same as that of
the C. N. P., Coal Company excepting
contract1 rates which are based on 55
cents per ton', together with a special
Further   details "on this "subject will
appear ln our next issue. ■
Royal Family Is Hastily,
" Summofled—Worst
Is Feared
. For some time past rumors have
current regarding the health of King
Edward of a disquieting nature., His
physical condition was commented on
as being unfavorable while at San
Sebastian, Spain, and also atvBiarritz.
Report reaches us this ufternoon from
a source upoir which we can placo
every reliance, that instead of an improvement as .was anticipated from a
prior message, that his state of health
is so critical that all members of tho'
Royil Household have beon called together and the members of the family
are gathered around the bedside of
His Majesty, fearful and hopeful.
Fearful that he may be on bis deathbed and hopeful that he may recover.
As an evidence of the fact that lie
considers his'end near, during a waking interval this afternoon he murmured •"Well, it is all over, but I think
I have done my duty."
The physicians in attendance are reluctantly compelled to acknowledge
the gravity of the situation and shake
their heads' ominously when asked
about their Royal patient.
King   Edward  passed  quietly  away,' ,
surrounded by the members of the royal family, and a number'of personal'
friends and state dignitaries.
Blessed, is he that expecteth noth-.
'Ing for he shall not be disappointed. ■
Fresh eggs grown in Elko are now
down to thirty cents,     Yon can buv
The Chicago Tribune is' noti a labor
organ—its editors are noti agitators
who direct their criticisms against the
present order of society. The Chicago Tribune, is a conservative capitalist
paper and. iu its'editorial columns tho
"interests", nre certain to find a" defense at all times. 7
nut in the   Chicago Tribune's news-
columns   there  occasionally    appqhrs
the regular eggs for even less.
When a man is left to keep house ho j some mightly interestingVeading' that
will cook himself something to eat but'the   paper- prints   for  fear  of  being
he will not wash up tho dishes. A woman under the same conditions will
keep everything washed up,- but she
won't cook herself anything to eat.
Mr. C. Burgess of Trlwood brought
down a pnrty of ladles and gentlemen
"scooped" by its contemporaries and
thus losing prestige.
Therefore, when tho Chicago Tribune, announces thnt J. Pierpont Morgan, (he greatest, organizer in the capitalistic \vorld  today, hns brought 12
on Saturday night nnd fished at. Rock billions of dollnrs under his control,
Creek Sunday,' returning to Trlwood ! It may bo considered ns a conservnllvo
Monday an the Loonl. land authoritative Btatcmeiif.
Spalding, ihi; picture man from For-j    Tho Tribune groups the Morgan hoi-
nlo, wns In Hlko on Sunday for the  dings as follows, in round numbers:
One of our subscribers, notifying uh
of his removal to Morrltt uxpruuseii IiIh
Hiirprli'o nt the marvellous dnvelnp*
ment tn progress there nnd If It continues, ns thoro Is ovory prnsont reiiHon
to bi'Ilovn it will, a tow yt-nrs mon- will
hco It plncml iinioiiK tlm Important fit-
les nf tlm district, An proof of thin
contention ho points tn the Hank of
Montreal an hnvlng creeled a flue
structure for their own occupancy, A
now hotel Ih pincllrnlly compli-li-i! it nil
compares favorably with llko buildings In nny of the lnrger towns. Mr.
flrny, whoso peculliir piwllvltd's m a
union buster keeps up his roputntIon-
Is still here. The shortngo of cars
pptilomln brm Mfriick MMr1ln«tinrn lint
Ih thought to be only a passing troublo I like « flvo cent squib,
first time In eight yenrs without   his
Bonnie Jack Wallace of tho Fornie
Fi-oo Press was in Elko this week looking up business.
In the (llsciiHiiloii as to who Is Iho
richest man In Hlko It should not bo
overlooked that 1-Yed Shorldnn hns 17
luigH, nnd you nil know what Pnt Hurno
clwirges for pork,
Mr. Wilson, Into C. P. R. station ng-
ent at Crunbrook, was in Elko thlH
wook peddling perfumery and snuff ln
nil its hrnnchr*H.
Mrs, C. 13, Dnvls returns to Elko after a ploasnnt visit with frlondB at
Whltoflsh, Mont,, accompunlod by Mrs,
Duncan, wlfo of Conductor iJimcnn of
thn O. N. n.
V, K. Simpson, Cranbrook's Orntul
Old Mnn, thu blggnHt, thn best nnd the
Hinoothent. booster South Enst. Kootenay ever had was slinking hands, with
old college chums in Elko t,liln week.
Ills reception In this historic nml picturesque burg would have gratified the
hint of the Caesars, nnd lie went the
rounds slinking hands like Teddy Hoo-
snvelt on parade.
Dr, Hugh Watt of Fort Bteele, who
owns vnlunblo properly In Elko's
Hrondwny nonr the Flat Iron Building,
wiih In town this week, nnd there Ih n
possibility of line of the laruest waul-
tnrliimR In tlio Dominion nf Cnnndn being locnted at Elko.
Tho old liliitorl.* burg of Klko will | one-ninth "--enn reap nn Income froir
glvii it big ci-li-linitlon on Vle'ori.i dny, ihls Insignificant wealth.
Mny 2ltli, incluilliiK limi*-- nicliic, lm.*.i>* ot routK->, tin- pnlliiiliuiH may run-
bull, IiiilliuiH wr-willng nn wild, Ivory* tliiui- their Hhitm Imltli-H nvor the l«r-
hnndled miiHliiiiKH, llm Hqiinw IWby, j iff ins they |mve lie«-n doing fnr hnlf
a iww fciitiii-d in ih»< Push: high divine n eentnry or mon*) or biililih* about
from tlm goveniiiM'iit bridge; dancing I conservation, when theni In unfiling
In the kiovi>; fin-wnrkH In tlio t-v.-nliig j much to rmim<rve,,or sputter nbout ro
Mint   will   mnki'   IIh1Ii>v'h   coiiicI   bttiU I nirntnlnr' thn irituiq   nml »n nn n«l in-
Railways • $0,100,000,000
Industrial 'concerns ,.,.$2,300,000,000
Iiisiirnnce companies ...$1,000,000,000
Hanking institutions ..,.$1,000,000,000
Trust, companies $2,000,000,000
Twelvo thousand million dollars undor the domlnnnco of ono Individual!
This stupendous amount is staggering
to tho liumnn mind. It represents,
sayj tho Tribune, "one ninth or tho
wonlth of the United Slates,"
The snmo pnper declares thnt. tho
rallronds owned or partly controlled by
the house of Morgan "represent one-
third of the giOHH earnings of all railroads of the United Rlntcs, nnd that
tho banking powor of Morgan Ih ovor
ton per cent of the total In tlin country,
It should be hnnu- In mind thnt thn
cnpltnl controlled by Morgan and his-
Hcutt-iinutH Ih ncllvi-, profitable capital,
and nol mere wonlth Hint coiiiiIh in
tlm country's m-gii-giite and In a largo
hoiihi.*) hns little or no "earning" power
an thnt I .Tin Is used.
For (.wii in pic, liii'Ki! iiiiiiunl profits
pour Into tho Morgan coffi-n* from his
rnilwitys, IiiiIuhIiIiiI, Inminiucc and
bunking cnpltnl. while the riverage citizen who mny own a few hundred del-
lurs worth of IidiikIioIiI furniture or n
little houif-mul which Ih Included In
ihf Kiiiiid total of wealth by the n-n-
huh mini, nnd of which grnnd' totnl
Mori-iin  Ih  credited   with  controlling
siverc^d with songs appropriate to the
oecoslon. A collection was made which
amounted to $»>.66.
" A epeelei frem
"T-ttcgram from Nova Scotia atatcs
that satisfactory ••11t«m#nt has been
r««ehi*d; dstalfa Istar. VV. Seatfs."
wllh  his  Excellency,    thn dovornor'
tiiiiHiii*,!, and Kit Tliii'Mii* iSlimiKliituhH'
wutsia-r-s.' "ThospecchoiwoVo'inteV-j^i,-« Dm title of Knight of Orac« in
lh> Order or fit, John of JeniHnli tn In
ilSnglnnd. -These iiorioin.i-however, are
oth.r uotuWofiliy pibllc r*fi>rvntr+ to
Dw Colonel, conr.riilng his military
Indlanapellt eaye:[**'»**>
Aa a business n *•'• Colonel Masoii
•belongs to tho old," Jichoo^of flnsnre
In T^r0jvy?V| *^t a .i<mrig jiU^ b. ,w«*
***  -* ^    *■    '-*■  * - - !*•'» 4a.ii j^tc * "-
Knur liuiiili'iul
iioliiitn in pri7,*'» unit mint iihIiiii,;
Com'1 nnd m*'* Elko.
MIhh Mnry .Inric ftln'-khnmmer of tln»
I'liK'H will I'l-ci'lvo i-vi-ry  Monday of
MlHh Mollli- We'ihelUill will K<> into
training for the big ci-l<-bratlon nl HI-j
ko Mny 24th up the Houth fork of the1
Elk river.
Miss Bulla Hh: Monti In Hpendlng n
few dnys with frb-nds tit the Hur i.'lr-
rli» Thre*. llnneh.
Wlillo  M. Front uf the  Nurseries.
Flftf-cii dollajs hnvo heen added to near Klko, was In town iMs week wltb
the ljiwhy benefit 'und by rontrUiti-;hls -RBHomobll^.
tions from the fallowing resident» of!    Mrs,.Clii'sterfirld, drove House   in
Ammanford, Cftermftrtlieimlilre, Wnh-n   giving a t.mall bridge pattv nn Hntur-
Mr, »ml Mrs, WHIIarji Dnvius; !dnj-evening. i'
Mr. Alfred Wilkins ( j    four Hky Thunder returned  from
Mr. Ill* Lard Wilkin* ' ' Fort flte-eie MUMon ai.d 1. fi for the
Mr. mid Mra.Wm. T.awlny.
nud tlmt In tlm very near future all
will be huIIIiik along rnpldly.
Miners wlio sny Ihey hrMeve In keeping up to the stnndnrd of union principles Hhould practice n little more and
. ,. ,_,,i in..-' .J/,(i-.i };>-.—■' «' )"jv" '}■'::•
forgetting (very criiivenlenily) the 8
Hour Lnw. This should not bo. Double tthllts and overtime nn< rntnmpn occurrences.
An Old Timer
flnltum. Hut lhe grunt captains of
ciipltalihin nre nut in Un- Ii-uhI tnicr-
osteil nud niniinue ui colleit their
loll, and thnl tu nil ther-- U in tlt<>
Those who iinderHtnnd the evolution
r.f      , II.,1' , I     II           t
* i.   .*  -
by this condition but lire quite optim-
Intl.- nnd unngulne that there in mi end
to thnt grime, nnd (lien there will be n
new dent, without Htncked rardH which
will Hjiell Koveiiiiiient ownership imd
n demnemtlc mnnngement of thn trust
All hIiik' "My coiintry, 'tit* of thw."
Jamc-s Tosh, nn employee of tho I'.
Hur us Company, who came hero only
two wooks ngo from I.etbbrldg*». died
In tho hospital on Thursday evening
from filf-uropn^iimonla, *tonln»*tl*M «n
'Tfibnccn Flixln* ro**rvo, wh^-r(» hf will l» trip In thc Okannenn wiintrv, " Th*
The uini'tint  Above inetillimed lm1-   put  his string of rn-.ertt inti- u-tlvt
iwon  duly   ileponltpil   Ir   the    Home' training Tor Mho's Mg celebration on
i i
il'-ccaii-t'd Mas married, nged about 2S,
but his fnmlly still reside In Almonte,
OM     ,   .... 	 .Ate TWO
THE BlftTRIpT LEDGER, FBHNI_,       B. C. MAY 7,19,10
Important Decision Follows Claim of
  ,        * «
The legnl status of the Amalgamated
Society of Engineers' was .he subject
of a decision of great importance given
by Judge Parry in the Manchester Co.
Court. In February last, when William Donkin, an engineer, claimed a
, "superannuation from the Amalgamated
Society of Engineers, the defence was
raised that no member was entitled
to such benefit except at the discretion
of the Executive Council, and that tho
plaintiff could not succeed as the Society was nn unlawful combination in
restraint of trade and contrary to public policy.
.His Honor now held that but for
recent decisions" there would be    no
- doubt that the Society was unlawful.
Following the judgment in Gozney v.
the Bristol Trade and Provident Society, and Denalby Collieries, vs. the
Yorkshire Miners'Association, he said
that one was bound to assume * that
strikes were lawful rather than the reverse. These decisions threw new
light upon the legality of trades unions, and in future it would be almost
impossible for any Judge to hold that
a trade union was an unlawful combination unless it drafted its rules in
a peculiarly aggressive and tactless
way or behaved illegally. Nor could
he find anything in the rules of the
A. S. E. which would lead a modern
.citizen to call them rules, in restrain
of trade. Rather were they made to
improve the condition of the worker,
for the better management of trade,
and to insure equal treatment in all
These objects, honestly worked for,
should ultimately increase rather than
restrain trade. At the same time he
agreed that as the • rules stood no
member was absolutely entitled to su-'
" perannuation," and on this point he
gave .judgment for the Society, ..but
without, costs.
Bessemer Coal Company Seeks to Put
Hobble on  Striking  Union
.  Men
PITTSBURG, April 30—The Bessemer Coal and Coke'Company today
asked Judge Ford for aii Injunction
against ten foreign miners and Francis
J. .Feehan, district president of the
United Mine Workers of America. Tho
hearing of the case was postponed until Saturday.
The Bessemer Company's mine at
Russelton is conducted non-unioi*.. It
is charged by the companv that threat
had been made that tlie union men
would dynamite the property and that
on tho 21st of April there was'a riot
Morrison, 111.,- has recently turned
"wet' after two years of drought in
iho liquor sense, but only four establishments are allowed to operate and
they by-payment of a $1000 license.
One of the features of the new ordinance is that: no bartender or saloon
keeper shall eject a customer who has
imbibed too freely, but must keep him
and provide shelter until he has regained sobriety.
* Nothing, however, .is said-as to recompensing those who suffer as a result of the misery and loss that*may
ensue. Snake rooms are numerous
• ■**»	
REGINA, Sask. May 3—The carpenters and contractors of the'city have
failed to come to an agreement with
the result that tomorrow will witness
the beginning of a strike. that now
threatens to tie up the building operations throughout the city and seriously hamper work on a dozen buildings
now in the course df construction in
the city.
Housewives Bake Bread
Now Bakers Are
On Strke
VANCOUVER, May 2—At an enthu-
siatic meeting of delegates from almost
every labor union in Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster, held here
today, a provincial federation of labor
was organized.
, The ■ idea behind the ■ movement is
that the vote,,and„voice of the united
organization' will be more powerful in
working reforms . than the presentations of individual councils. The officers chosen are: J. Waters, president;
R. S. Stoney, S. Thomason, J. Reed and
J. H. McVety, vice-president; R. P.
Pettipiece, secretary; A. J. Aitkin,
Bread Scarce
There is a- scarcity of bread in Vancouver today as "a result of the strike
of the journeymen bakers in the city
which ' went into operation yesterday.
The men demanded increased pay,
shorter hours, exclusion of 'Oriental
labor, and a 'high standard of sanitary
regulation in the shops.' Three shops
only acceded to the demands and the
large firms have stopped domestic
supplies and are selling only to hotels
and restaurants. Q
•MOYIE, May 3—The Aurora Mining
& Milling Company of Moyie has taken
a lease on the Alice concentrator, 3
miles west of Creston, for the balance
of the year. The ore from the Aurora mine will be shipped to this newly
acquired mill and the silver lead will
be separated from the zinc. Then the
silver lead will be shipped to thc smelter at Trail for final treatment and the
zinc concentrates will be sent to the
Empire Zinc company at Denver. It
will require only five or six days to
■put the.mill'in readiness'for operation.
S. A. Fleming of this place will liave
charge of the plant. It is a 100-ton
mill, but will be run only one shift and
will tj-ent about thirty tons per'day
from the Aurora mine. About 30
men will be employed at" the mine
taking out ore, and this will mean
practically double the present, for-.:;*;.
There Is a big body of ore blocked out
and the company will soon' be on
Rev. George,J. Brown Advocates An
Alliance ,of the Church With
The Socialist Movement
"The time is coming," said Rev. Geo.
J. Brown, "when Socialism will take
a definite form, and become a power
in this country. If-tfye church,makes
an alliance now, it will be able to pick
out the' good in this movement and
reject the bad and so become the
church of the masses.""
This was "said at the meeting of the
Church Club of the diocese of Long
Island, held1 at 170 Remsen street,
Monday. night. The Rev. Mr. Brown
is rector of St. John's Church, Lan:
caster, Pa:-" He outlined a campaign
of development "which, he said, woui-a
in time-,make"the Episcopal Church
the church of America. He decried
the indifference-of the church to its
opportunities for advertising, its vfork.
saying    if  these  opportunities' were,
grasped.the church would be enabled
to take on a new impetus. -      i
- The    speaker; created quite a stir
when he advocated changing the name
of the denomination, to The American
Catholic",Church.   . .He  said  that  in
time if the Protestant - church; did not
assume that name the Roman church
in this country would. He te-ld of the
growing missionary fields, and advocated   tthe purchase of church' sites
wherever there was indications of any
growth in a community. He said such
work,   while it might show little re***
turn at first, would soon become'the
foundation of a mighty church.    This
was tbe church's chief„line of endeavor, he said, and by following it the
hope of becoming this country's national church might be realized.. "* ' ,
- MONTREAL, May 1—A feeble effort at a May Day demonstratipn was
made today by the Socialist and Anarchist society who appeared to be chiefly of the,Russian, and Jewish'persuasion, atlhough there were a few French
Canadians and fewer still English-
speaking people amongst them. A
demonstration was held in the afternoon at which some fiery Yiddish was
unloaded to about 2000 people with
addresses also given in French and
English.   ' ...
In addition to its 270 acre chicken
and dairy ranch near Kent, Wash., the
Northern Pacific Railway's dining car
service' has established a 400, acre
truck farm at Paradise. Montana, and
is * supplying its diners with * fresh,
green stuff from that source. /Three
hundred cows are being secured for
the Kent- farm.. - The railway com:
pany has an eye for ^decreasing the
cost of living and ■-getting the. best
for its customers.       ,   .       --.      ...
H _
" President: Robert G. Duggan of Tabor.
Vice-President: \V. E. Bullock, Manager Domestic Coal Company of Tuber. ' ,
Secretary-Treasurer: B. Smith, councillor and merchant of Taber.,
Managing Director: Robert G. Dug*
gnu, formerly Manager of tho Great
Western Coal Co., Tnbor Alta,
Directors: A. L. Mltcholl, Town
Councillor, Tnher; 13. h. Millar, miner,
Taber; II. Duncombo, machinist; auditor, J. F. Kramer, Agent C. P, K.   -
A twenty-five yenr lease of tho coal
rights ot Soction Ulght (8) in Township Ten, (10) Range 10 (1G) West of
tho Fourth Meridian, in tho Province
of Alberta; and the plant, machinery
and workings Hltualed on lho sold
property, nnd surfaco rights sufflclont
for tho operations   of tho   Compnny.
Sovt-nty-flvu Thuubund Dollars divided Into seven hundred and fifty Hliuros
of One Hundred Dollnrs Each.
Estimated Value of Plant, Machinery
and  Leaoe
Thu 1'Ktl nun ed value of the present
pliinl, miichltuM-y nnd workings Ik
Twenty-live Tliouimiid Dollars, nnd of
the lernio und good will of the busIiiesK
Ten ThoiiHiind DoIIiuh.
I, Tbo nm limited cost, of iiildlilonnl
•limit mid iiiiU'lilnery, !nicks, etc, to
llii'l'i-niie tlm output of the mine to
Tliri'i- llundi'i-d tiuiii pur day Is Forty
TlioiiMiuiil DoIIiuh ns sol out nu pug**
'.'. Tln> MNtliiiiitfil profllN nf tlin mill**
nn ciitll'lril by the priifilcfil mliii-i***.
wliiif.i- iitiiiii-H, nddi'i-HKi-ri und' o.TUpiit-
Inns nn- siibwTlb--il chown a net pro-
Ill or ty.l'.t.'Mt pi-r day.
II, Tlie li'ii!-.- nf tlm nfni'i'Mild nei'tlnii
■'IrIiI, -iiiimIhIk nf ii li-imo of lho eoal
. , . ,. fir . I , , . I it .,.*.,.
. >f it-. ' ■
in't. ihM'ni*!*** lii'lnt' Dtrt'ti f*■••* niul t'-u
Inchon., nnd n ''iiiiHi-rviitlv-i uHtinuiio ot
the conl underlying Dw mild luitds Ik
:;,.-uu,<ii*(* twin,
■I, Tho <uiiI mine Is to be operated
wltli it view to gltlng prnctlrnl miners
iill     X%\l\tll,  ItlWll ,1      ,*»     111,*,   Al      .'.     ■*,>*,,t^M.I    **.*"•
thi'lr i-nrningK lu tin* concern, n.-t:clv
Ing thep-from Untlr proportionate
Hliiim nf the actual profits,
ti. The coal from this mlno Is ho
wi'll known that its qualities need not
be enumerated.     "
G, Tl... dliwtarn nr'1 au'horlMd in
commenr. btnilnoM when 110,000 of
tlio "npltnl In (mlmcrlbfld nnd |S,B0fi
In paid up.
7. One hundred shares of One Hundred Dollars each are to be Issued to
R. G. Duggan ln part payment of the
purchase price of the leaso of section
eight, and of the plant and machinery
In connection with the workings thereof, and the balance of tho purchase
pVIco being $25,000, is to bo paid to tho
said R, G. Duggan In ensh,
8, Tho estimated amount, of preliminary expenses in Flvo Hundred Dollars,
, i). The amount intended to bo sot
noble for working cnpltal is Twelve
Thousand Flvo Hundred Dollars.
10. Tho Memorandum of Association
or tho Company Is ns rollowH:
1. The namo of tho Company is tho
Eureka Coal Company, Limited.
2. The head office of tho company
will bo at Tabor ln tho Provlnco or
3. The objects ror which tho compnny Is established aro;
(a) To carry on tho btiulnoBB or coal
mining In the Provlnco or Albertn.
(b) To acquire by purchtiHO, loaHo
or otherwise, conl mlnos, coal clnlms,
1-.-iih.-h of eo|il InndH, and coul rights
und real est ato nnd to dispose of the
saini! by sale or otherwise,
to) To carry on tho business of
milling and lho dovolopmnt of mines
mid tlin production of minerals.
•1. The liability or tho mombors Ih
Hperliilly limited undor Section 03 or
ihe CiinipimloH' Ordinance.
i>, The capital nf the Company Is
$'ir-,0ii0. divided Into Seven llumlrud
iind I'lfiy fihniTH of $100 each,
11. The IctiHO from tho Consolidated
('mil Cninpiuiy to II. fl. Diiggnn of tho
wild conl ilghtH, plant and machinery,
Im (luted tlm JUtl* day nf April, ll»IO.
nud Ih ii l.'iw fnr twenty-five yearn
from tlm 12lli dny of April, IftlO. of
the bald miction 8, township 10, mug"
Hi, WVhI nf the Fourth Merldlim In
lIn- Province of Albertn, In coimldera-
it, ,, r.f il,., mihH nf Tlilvt" con-la -cm," ton
upon nil Hcreened conl mined by tho
Imhhi-o, und ten per cent, of the milo
price of nil nut nml mined upon tho
tai.l liindR, which snld rentnlt* nro
agreed to be paid on the fifteenth dny
nf cue)! month; nnd thw 1r rontnined
. , ,    , . I, I..,.    tt... t   Ml
Hhnll be renewnhlo for flvo years at
the end or tbe twonly-flvo year term,
therein grnntm],
Thn iiHHlicnmcnt or the said lenno
from It. (J. niiKurin to the Eureka Coal
Company Limited, Ir dated tho lfith
.lny of April, i!M0, and in n full nnnltrn-
ment of nil bin lnteront In Iho tsald
Kw In miiNMornllnn of the payment
io him of $2r»,O00 in cnth, and -shares
in tho compnny to the value of Ten
Thousand Dollars.
12 The qualifications of director are
that ho shnll hold at least one shnre
in tho capital of the company,
13. Tho following is a copy of the estimate of expenses in mining throo
hundred tons' of coal por day In the
said mine, signed by practical minors
acquainted with tho property.
Tabor, Alta., April 9 1910
We, tho underslgnod practical miners, certify, that wo havo carefully ox-
amlncd tho schedule written below,
and that tho samo is a careful and
consorvntlvo ostlmato of tho prorits
that can bo obtained by working"tho
mlno formerly operated by tho Great
Western Coal Company on Soction 8,
Township 10, Range 10, West or tho
Fourth Meridian, adjoining tho north
boundary or tho Town of'Taber.
Estimated cost ot mining throo hundred tons por day:
Machlno cuttor $ 78.00
Loaders    1C0,00
Yardage   -12.00
Timber       IB.00
Extra yardago and not.   ,
Ing tlmbor ..      18,00
Ui'lvbiii  .'..-      10.CO
CugorH and holpors .. 0.00
PtishprH    6.00
Day Men:-
Track Inyers   0.00
Other help   15.00
Tipple     7.50
Dny men  fi.00
Firemen .,    5,50
HnlHlmeit     '3.50
MiichlulHt  -1.00
IlliickHiulth nnd helper fi.00
Sundries   100.00
Mining.*mont.   !_),('('
Royally   90.00
llox cm- loading .'  21.00
nt-Hiuiiiig ,.     i.i.un
Total Helling price  ....; 975.00
Totnl font  prlco   .1H5.10
Nnl   dnllv   profit     %WiM
Name AddroHB
Walter Dunseombo  I...Taber
David h. Millar  Tabor
William McClaro  Taber
John Cooper Taber
Thomas Hmlth   Tnbor
Mnv Sehiltst    Tnher
John Hutchion  Tuber
E. 3. Duggan   Taber
Dcvld Wllwn    Taber
James Wylio   Lethbridge
W. E. Bullock, manager Domestic Coal
Co,,'  Taber
Hopkins Evans   Taber
Dated at Tabor this Oth day of April, 1910.
Tho .following Is tho schedulo referred to ln Paragraph 2, Pngo'l:
Spur track  $-1,000
Shaft complete    3,000
Tlpplo complete '.,.",.. 2,500
Sidings on both sides or shaft.. 2,000 .
Cages and ropo    1,000
One hundred mlno cars .,  5,000
Development 3000 root entry,... 3,000
Ralls 1 car  1,500
Spikes, ties and lumber *. 1,000
Two  horses     300
Three Ingorsoll mnchinos  ....     900
Miners tools       200
Incidentals     , '.... 2,200
Working cnpltal ., 12,900
Preliminary  expenses         500
Present Plant'
Double cylinder holHt
Hopo and cage
Threo loco typo bollorn and .fittings '
IngcTHoll.Snrgonnt compressor wjth
circulating pump and receiver
Tlpplo weighing machine
Wiiroii nonioH
nincl'Biiillli Hhop nnd toolH
IlnlHt. mid tipple Htrtictiirn
Holler nnd onglno Iioiihoh
Office building nnd flttlngH
Weigh office
Holler and Hinoke Htnck
Water tnnk
Shnfl with laddor way
IS nnd S pound nillH
•17 mine cars
Flvo duplex pumpH
Fnn niid engine nnt Installed
Four IngeiHoll   coal   cutters com-
FiVO llOI'HCH llllll  lllll'IICHHCH
Air plpeo and flUliiRH steam nnd wnter pipes
Six now Belts or car whoolfl
<tr,   ntMto   nf  ■mtHPt-'l  tnnln
Sundries in titorn
Two thousand root entry and rooms
Pipes on mtrfaco
Itnllfl, otc, on mirfiico
Twenty two working placeg In mlno
Small fnn and englno
Flvo machlno bugglcr*
Dated at Taher thin 10th day at
April 1010.
Any one wishing to purchase stock in the Company should communicate with the offices at Taber
Fernie Livery  Co.
' ■ ■*'    •    ■■'" ';   '"   "*' .:...-• -"^    -      ' •■. ..; -;'-'-
Building"•& Excavating • \  . •* Livery
Wood     for    'Sale
, ■ 7  ■" *     • -■''***     '       '
Sole Agents-for Fernie Coal
Prices , moderate   and   satis-
faction guaranteed; 7
F. G. White,
Rizzuto Bros.
1       ,        >       Proprietors
i.-,         , ■ '
A full line of shelf and; heavy   JIard-';.
ware in stock together  with a
complete'r_nge "of Stoves■'_.•
Furniture Depa.rtxn.ent
* Our Furniture "Department*embraces the
most unique and up-to-date lines. ° •
Come in and have a look
Andy   Hamilton
Tinsmith a.x_d Plumber
We can, furnish you with estimates in
anything in our line
Singer Sewing Machines Co.,
Fernie, B.C.
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you
can get one for $3.00 a month ?
Needles and Oil always kept in stock
Wm. BARTON, Agt. (North or school) Pellatt Ave.
All the self-made rich men. of to-day
learned early in their youth the habit of
saving their spare dollars and cents.
When they had saved a little they invested it in education—in looking up
opportunities away from home — on in,,
making the best of the opportunities 1
thev found at home. But thev saved
their money to start with. It is the dawn
oi ambition in a young man's life when
he brings his first dollar  to  the  bank,
John Adair
Fernie Branch
b. :'_■ ja_.*}, ar_^a_aaar~,-iyrpTrT**Wr *Wi^B**M^_^i_tw>yxsa^__K_ ■ rf.w*.-;!
g__K-__r aa*-**- _
_ •
*     -^,.    -
7 •'■'■'■■ ^'^'>*''7
■ :-.'. -?'*■•_-'■'--■■.'„-
The Capitalists Have Many 'VVays of
Hushing Up;Their Shady and
V;   Doubtful/-■'Practices"•'.%...'■;
'"\n a, trial 'in' a great; city. ;it* was
' brought out by sworn testimony' that,
during a recent labor','struggle which
involved teamsters-on one hand, and
the department stores and mail-order
,* Tiouses on the other,  the employers
-,- had plotted to provoke the strikers to
,ylblence 'by sending a' long*" line of
strike-breaking,- waggons out of their
" way, to pass a lot on, which the strlk-
\. ers* were   meeting.      These   wagons
were the bait to a- trap, for a strong
force of policemen were held in read-
»iness in the vicinity,'and the governor
of the state was at the telephone ready
>  to call out the militia if a riot broke
' out. Fortunately, the strikers restrained themselves and the trap was
not sprung. It is easy to imagine, the
headlines -that would have heen put
in the, press had labor been found in
" so*diabolical,a plot.   ''.Yet the newspapers unanimously, rehised- to',print
this testimony."--     7     ,-■'*•*     ., :"
Such is,one"of-the teeming revela-
ations of the conduct of the capitalist
-press" in relation to-the'news'which
, is of importance to the;\vork'ing^cla§s,
made by Prof. Edward Alsworth'.Ross
-In an article entitled the,/'Suppression of Important News," . appearing
in the March Atlantic Monthly. The
deliberate deceit,.' misrepresentation,
• and mutilation which ■ int6riuation on
strikes, unemployment, and criminal
acts of employers is forced to,undergo
-" at' the Jiancls of the. mouthpieces of
the1'capitalist class, make a thrilling
arraignment l which every workingman
should ponder and digest. It will
equip him to refute and ram down
■their utterers'* throats -the lying stories* constantly set. afloat* to befuddle
and bemire and' divide the working
class;',,it will also steel him in the de-.
.ermination to work unflinchingly for
.. the' support arid speeding the press* of
,his class, which alono.can be depend:
ed-on to givo himJ the' facts'his'.enemies would faiii keep Iiim blinded to.
The. "varied specific-instances given
by Ross hr.support of his indictment
-> against the press of .the master class
embrace,.he says, only a third of the
material which has come to his attention.     .* *J ...
"A prominent. Philadelphia clothier
visiting New .York'," Prof., Ross* con;
ly erected"billboard...;; Forthwith appeared in'a yellow journal professing
warm friendship, for labor, a, frontpage cut of the billboard story of how
the strikers built a stockade, behind
which they intended to bid defiance
toMho bluecoats. It is not surprising
that "when the van bringing these lying sheets appeared in their quarters
of the city the libelled men, overturned
it." -
In the same city where the agents
provocateurs laid ■ their plot to goad
the strikers into violence as a pretext
ior calling out the militia, ■ "during a
strike of the elevator men In'the large
siores, the business agent of;the elevator starters' union was beaten to
death," in an alley behind a certain
emporium, by a strong-armed .man
hired by that' firm, .' . The story, supported by affidavit's, was. given by a
responsible lawyer to three newspaper
men,' each of .whom' accepted it as
true and..promised.'to print it.,, The
account never,, appeared.     -1
■"In- another, city the sales-girls'-in
the big shops had .to sign, an exceedingly ' mean and bpp'resslye: contract
which-if generally known would'have
made- the firm 'odious to the' public.
A, prominent social_ worker brought
these contracts and,evidence as to the
bad conditions that had.been estab;,
lished under them,'to every newspape*.
in. the city. • Not one would print ■ a
line on the subject.      - - '„•      ' ',
On the outbreak - of a justifiable
street-car. strike the newspapers'were
disijosed to'treat it in a sympathetic
way. Suddenly-they veered, and' became unanimously-hostile to the strikers. ' Inquiries showed that the big
merchants had threatened to withdraw
their advertisements" unless the'newspapers changed their attitude.
■ "In* the summer of 1908 disastrous
fires raged in the northern lake country, and great- areas of standing timber were destroyed. A prominent timber, organ belittled tlie losses, and began to'-'print reassuring statements for
lumber men who ■, were at-' that * very
moment calling upon the state for a
fire patroL When .taxed"with the deceit, the 'organ pleaded its "obligation
to support the market for the' bonds
.which the lumber companies in ,the
- tinues, "was caught perverting boys,
aiid cut. his throat. His firm being
. a heavy advertiser' not a single paper
in his home city mentioned the tragedy. The, firm in question has* a
large branch in a western city. There
'   too the local press was..silerit.
"In    this same Western city'   the
-'. vice-president of this firm was indict-.
. ed for bribing' an alderman to secure
the passage of an ordinance authorizing the* firm to bridge an nlley separating two of its buildings. Representatives of thc firm'requested the news-
■ papers in which it advertised to ignore the trial. Accordingly the five
English papers published no account
of the trial, which lasted a "wok, and
(llBcloaed highly sensational mattor.
Only the German papers sent reporters to the trial -nnd. reported the pro-
ceediiiKs,"    ,
. "In a great jobbing centre," Prof.
Ross continues, "ono of the most
prominent ciihou of tho United States
District Attorney,'wuh the prosecution
of certain firms for misbranding their
•goods, ' The facts brought out up-
fenred in tho press In thc smaller centres', but not a word wns printed ln
tho local pross. In another contro
four firms wore fined for Helling potted chcoHC whicli hnd boen treated with
proHorvnttvofi. Tho local nowspnpors
stntod tlio facts but withheld the namo
of tho firm.''
But II Is In. what'directly concerns
lho wnrken-jtljnt tho most odious min-
roproHr-iilntlpn and suppression takes
"DuiiiiR labor disputes tho facts aro
usually distorted to llio Injury of labor. In ono ciiho strikers hold n mooting on n vacant lot enclosed by n now-
its" columns.'     ' ' ' 7   '    *-,
, "Municipal .ownership," employees
fare no better, at'the hands, of the
press of the master class than do those
of privato concerns," Prof. Ross shows;
"On account of agitating'for teachers
pension, a teacher was summarily dis-,
missed by a corrupt, school board, iii
violation of their own published rules
regarding tenure,. An influential paper published the facts of the teachers
caso and the grafting brought out In
the teacher's suit for reinstatement
until, through his club affiliations, a
big merchant was Induced* to threaten
tho paper with the wlthdrawalof his
advertising. '      ,        '      0
No further pi-oofs of tho* revelation
During the struggle of carriage-drivers for a six-day week, certain- great,
dallies lent, themselves to a concerted
offort of the liverymen to win public
sympathy by. making It appear that tho
strikers wero Interfering with funerals. One dnlly falsely stntml that a
strong forco of police wero being hold
in rosorvo In caso of riots, and that,
policemen would ride bosldo tho nonunion drivers of liearsfiH, Another,
under the misleading headline "Two
Funerals Stopped' by Striking Cabmen, described UarmlosH colloquies be-
twoon hoarse drivers and plckots, This
wns followed up by a solemn editorial
on 'May n Man Go to Ills Long Host In
Penco?" although as a matter of fact
the strlkors had no Intention of interfering wllh funovnlB.    '
Anothor vital Ihhuo In which tho cn-*
pltnllst barefacedly perverts tho nows
lt fends out to Uioho simple minded
onough to bollovo It; Is of prime Im
portance just now, when men are daily
blowing out their, brains due to unemployment and "consequent starvation.
This is the "Judge" doughnut'* "Pros^'
perity" howl." . .On this head." Prof!
Ross says: . '".' V'   7 .,.-
, '.'The alacrity with whicli many dailies serve as mouthpieces af the financial powers came .'out, very clearly
during the~ recent "industrial depress^
ion: The owner of one leading newspaper called 'his reporters together,
.and,said, in effect "Boys, the first of
you who. turns in a "story of a lay-off
or a shut down, gets the sack!" Early
in the'■ depression the newspapers
teemed,with glowing accounts of.the
resumption of steel mills and the revival of business, all baseless. "After
harvest time they began, to chirp of
Prosperity,- Bumper Crops, - Farmers
Buying*Automobiles." In. cities • where
the banks and employers offered clearing house certificates instead'of cash
th.e press usually printed fairy tales
of the enthusiasm with which** these
makeshifts were "taken by the depositors and workingmen. The numbers
and sufferings of the unemployed were
ruthlessly concealed from the reading-
public. A. mass meeting of men out
of work was represented as anarchistic, or "instigated by the Socialists for
political effect."' In one daily appeared a dispatch under the heading
'Five Thousand Jobs Offered, Only
Ten Apply. It stated that the Com-,
missioner of Public Works of Detroit
(misled by reports of dire distress)
set afoot a public work which called
for five thousand mon. Only ten
men applied for work and all of these
wanted-to.be bosses. Correspondence with' the officials established the
number of jobs offered was five hun-
'_ dred and that three thousand men
applied for them..
Such are, the lies the capitalist press
feeds it's readers on! Such is the misinformation handed out to the workers by the masters; when then have
the sublimated "gall" to call their victims ignorant • and uninformed. And
the,-writer in the "Atlantic Monthly"
unerringly , puts his finger on tlie
cause'therefor: "When news-columns
and editorial pages are a mere incident in tlie profitable sale of mercantile,
publicity—advertising in same cases
constitutes ninety per cent, of the total revenue of a paper—it is strictly
business like to let the big advertisers
censor- both, . '     • -
-. "Of course," Prof. Ross goes on,
"you must .not let tlie cat out of the
bag or you will lose readers,'and also
advertising.' As the'publicity expert,
Deweese puts it: The reader must be
flimflammed with the idea-that the
publisher is really publishing the news-,
paper or magazine for him. The wise
owner will maintain the beautiful and
impressive bluff "of running a" journal
to influence public opinion, to purify
politics, to elevate public morals, etc.
Handled as .a ' commercial proposition, the'newspaper dares not suppress
the,pews beyond a certain, point and
Employment Wanted ,'
*•'       *
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A Big Healthy—Hearty—Happy ,'
Able Bodied—Three Pound Package
Of       ,.p
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Competent to Do All Kinds of Cleaning:
"Washing Dishes,a Specialty:
7!   Neat—Pleasant-^-and of Good Character:
' ' Can Refer to Everybody "Who Knows Me
WillNot 'Sleep in"—Chew Gum—or "Talk Back."
Wages*no Object: '  .
* I "Waul a Place in Your Happy Home. <■
Meet Me at The Grocery Store.   .
Design protected liy Copyright
B. E. WALKER, President
Paid-up Capital   $10,000,000,
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and England
fATINTRV    *RTI_T1__QQ    Evt'r>' facility afforded to fanners and oth-
tUUMKX    BUMfllfty ers fm the itmnmMm of   uieir banking
business.   Sales notes will be cashed or*taken for collection.
equal facility.
L. A. S.  DACK,
Accounts may be opened by iiiu.il and monies
deposited   or   withdrawn   in this wav with
Manager, Fernie.
suppressed news, as a proof of its independence, and public spirit.-      7 '
Know what a'sacred cow is? Well,
listen:    ',''*-.
On the desk of every editor-and.subeditor run by a ' capitalist. promoter
now under prison sentence lay a- list
of sixteen corporations in which the
owner was interested. This was to
remind them not to print anything
damaging to theso concerns. ,,In the
offico theso corporations were jocularly known as sacred cows.
The natural growth of tho'herd of
these sacred cows venerated by -tho
daily pross is shown to be astounding
to one littlo versed in the" Ins and outs
of sacrosanct business.' '''Formerly,"
says the author, "readers, who understood why accidents aiid labor troubles never occurred in dopartmont
stores, "could still expect from tliolr
journal an ungloved froedom In dealing with, gas, electric, railroad mud
banking companies, But naturally,
when the shares of n newspaper lie
In the safe-deposit box clicok by,jowl
was gas, telephone, and pipe-line stoclc
a tenderness for thoso collateral Interests Is likely to (ilfect, the news columns."
"Likely lo?" Aye, liiovltiibly1 must,
so long as. tho workers allow themselves to ho' bamboozled' to their'own
undoing by the Jiliitnnt, lying press of
thoir exploiters, (ind fall to hulld up,
strengthen, and above all Bproad ov-
orywhoro lho press which inakos foi'
their emancipation. Sprond tbo Party Press.—Weekly Pnpor,
A straight, honest/
healthful cream of
tartar. baking powder,,
Made from Grapes.
Contains not a grain
of injurious  ingredient
|jy fata**       bM|    |HgL^^        ^g*j^_ ______A__\M  H^l   __!_ ~~"  _____■ ^^^ ^j
Polico Magistrate Denison rocontly
imposed u fine of twenty and thirty
dollars respectively on two, men he-
ciuiho thoy nppllod tlio term "scab" to
Hpoelmona of Iho miiscullno Rondnr
who wero officiating ns Mllol "lioroes."
Wo vim I uro to remark Hint, this militant, and ImporlallHlIc Colonel would
fool lilm-Bolf totally liicapnlile of ode-
qiiftloly oxjirimHlng his loathing, con-
tempi, dlHgiiHl and licorii for.a doHortor
from tho ranks of IiIh own nriny'wlio
took up nrmB on the enemy's ulile.
1 Ifie nv. a f-'W Hainplffl of opproblum
which wo doubt lm (Would uot regard
aH too hovi'I'o: "Ben.., .mid "mp" not
"I)," or wh mny bo, regarded ns it nils-
-lnmi-ittiniit, "He....mid "onniln*!." "hi:
....mlil lllwng," lurm-onl, rebel,'rene-
guile, min-nliiite, pollroon, trnllor, con-
udeiu'cloHH nilHcrmmt, vllllnn, ninn-
Hter, etc,, nml yet HiIh gimrdlim of
tho "Lnw" MibBorvlonl to the wIhIihh of
•** TH'mii-v f'V-iu whnon hnnrbmni) lio
Ih, hIiowh the clnHH chnrncter of his
iIocIhIoiih when it i» a i|U--h*ioii oi u
working mnn nt tempting to oxproHH
i-ont-nmi-l*-' for on<* of hi* own who trnl-
toroiiHly nctH the mlncrnblo nnd Infnm-
nun role of "blnr.Ulr-.-5-,**     TIiIh Ih uot
'     . il., iiiv   nt   Mwi   irnill   I'-nrtH**)
tut-m1   n1*-1*   •-•■-» ■"       ' * '* " '
(HftponBcr of ".luutleo," iih ho bui-voh
tlio men right for thoir stupidity In
voting to support n governinont which
nccoHHltnlr-fl for ltn contlnunnrn tho
employment ot those fullliful Horvnntn
of capitalism which ho ho nhly typl-
(By Robert Hunter.)
"To secure to each laborer..' . said
Abraham Lincoln, "the whole product
of hisjabor, or as nearly so*as possible
is a worthy object of any good 'government." .   '
I used to think it strange that Lincoln should have used this very"remarkable sentence.
•' It' is • certainly noteworthy to note
that a president of .the United ■ States
should have used such words to define
his ideal of economic justice.
■Indeed we should look far to find
a similar.idea expressed In a Presidential message..
Perhaps Lincoln-saw that thought
first in one of the many, radical papers.published in his time, pr perhaps
he came across it in, Horace Greeley's
Tribune which then professed Socialistic beliefs.
Perhaps he found.il in one, "of the
abolitionist, journals. .1
In any case during, the great wave
of radicalism-which .was sweeping the.
country in the fifties that thought expressed by Abraham Lincoln was a
kind of slogan. - 7  '
. For nearly' half a century it was a
current thought in working' class papers and in the working class "programmes.
"Would.,  you  like,",    said  William
_nih/>m-n»n» ii^n»1,t__.1 A A t.^nx.n n ««. i sx.
-j.~iiuiiiXiauii—ii,coi ij—i \r\j;—j cat a—agu*;—**.»_■
the distressed weavers of Spitalfields,
"to enjoy yourselves the whole product
of your labor? You have nothing
nior6 to do than- simply to. alter the
direction of your labor. "Instead of
working for you know not,whom simply work for each other.'
Thos. Hodgskin about tho same time
says; "The law of nature is that industry shall be rewarded hy wealth
and idleness be punished by destitution; the law of the land Is to give
wealth to idleness and to fleece industry till It bo destitute."
Speaking of the compartlve' pauperism and destitution of tho laboring
class ho says "It, cannot bo, doubted *
* *„that tho immediate and approximate cause of their poverty and destitution, seeing how much they labor and
how many people their lnbor nourishes
In opulence, Is the law which appropriates their produco In tho shape of revenue, rents, tithes and profits."
John Bray, another' of tho samo
school, says "nil profit must come from
labor * * * tho gain of nn Idle class
must necessarily bo tho loss of an
Industrial class.-
"Capltnlists and proprietors do no
moro glvo the .Workingman, for his
lnbor of ono woolc, a pnrt of the wealth
which thoy obtained from him the
week boforo.
"Thus, vlow thc matter* ns wo will,
thoro Is to bo noon no lowering pile of
wonlth which has not boon heaped together by'rnpnclly."
And Hrny, ns early ns 1830, hIiowh
Hint Amorlcn proves tho futility of
rnoroly political reform, "Socloty Ir
upon tho Hiimo principle. In nil countries," ho HiiyH. "They'(tho AmerlcmiH)
llko ourselves, nre divided Into rich
nml poor, Into cnpltullHtH and proline-
oi'H, ami tho Intit are thoro nH they nro
hero, nt tho morey of tho flrHt."
John Gray, Ht 111 anothor wrltor, snys
In' n Hunuiinry of one of IiIh IiooIih:—
Wo hnvo endnnvored to Bhow hy whom
wonlth Ih (-rented nnd by whom ll Ih
eoiiHiimod. Wo hnvo uiulnnvoioil to
hIiow thnt It Ih from human labor Hint
every iloHcrlpllon of wealth pmeeedH*
thnt Hie productive cIuhhch do now
Hiipporl not only HieinnolveH* but every
unproductive im•ihIht of Hoelety iih
In nnotlior plnce HoilgHl'ln hiiyK:—
'.MiiHli'i'M, It In evident, are lnbn-v--H iih
well iih Iheir journeymen, In tlibi
chnrncter their linerr-m Ih preelH.-ly
lho minn- n» Hint of tlieir men, Hut
tliey nre iiIho I'll lier nipllnlli'tH or iik-
entH of 1'iiplt-illi'tH, nnd lu this rcHpcet
Iheir InleivHtH nre decidedly oppoK'-il
lo tho luteiTHiH of tlie-lr workmen.
,,'!M .   '        '.,*..    ,,,.,,,.<> I-,t    *f,    I,'.    1,',
,*,,,. ' , ,        •'
iweoii Tiu*<*ti-rH and loHnievmen, or between one Kpei'lcH of labor and another, but It will Hiinn be illHplnycil in Hh
proper ihiiiiutviH arii! will stniiil <on-
fi.-HHi'd n wm* of houc'it liidtiHtry against
Idle proillgullty."     "
Very Little Disorder on
May Day-France
' Prepared
o <-•
We havo all the choice cuts in Beef, Pork
Mutton and Veal, and can supply you
with anything you .require in'this line.
Butter^ Eggs and Cheese
Our ''Butter, Eggs and Cheese are  the
.best on the market and are sure to.plea.se
     --   -          -- - ' ,'
"Fresh   Cured   Hams  arid Bacon in Stock
P.   BURNS & CO.,   Limited
Phone No." 31
■PARTS, May 1—May Day iii Paris
passed off quietly. The government
had taken the strongest precautions
and troops patrolled the streets where
trouble was most likely. ■• But their
services were not, required. The general federation of labor did not attempt to carry out the'demonstration
prohibited by tlie-premier.
No .Trouble  in  Spain
MADIUD, May, 1—The Laborites today made a feature of processions, etc.
which,   however,   were" very  orderly,,
and well conducted.
I The 41. Market Co. I
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
I    Now in Our New Stand
We beg to announce to our many customers that we have  re-
,   moved to our'new building across from King,,. Edward ' Hotel
- ROME, May 1—Disorders' were feared today, where 00,000 masons are on
strike at Milan, where the strikers
number 10,000 at Dologna. While the
meetings were being held at which
somo wild "and fiery speeches wero
delivered, raids wero, mado which dispersed the crowds. The government
had taken extraordinary precautions
to ensure order. All traffic was stopped and the streets were strongly patrolled.' .'    o
May Day at Montreal
MONTREAL, Mny J—The Socialists
Held a May, Day demonstration here
today, but there was no disturbance,
the proceedings 'passing off quietly.
Some two thousand, mostly foreignori*.
gathered on Champs de Murs and listened to ii numbor of fiery harangues
dqllvored* In .Yiddish and' other forolgn tongues, Sovornl Socialists wore
arrested for distributing linud bills on
tho sidewalk which Is contrary to tho
civic,by-law, but. this was the only Incident of a very quiet, demonstration,
Disorders In Strike in New York
NI3W YORK, May 1—Six thorn-nncl
bilkers nro or Btrlko In this city fdr
n niii" 1 our dny and nn ' Ini-rensc of
■J I n week in wages,
A \>*ilk out of fo'ir liioiiEnnd additional bakers employed by thu Kosher
dealers was prevented Ihroiish an
agreement to submit tlieir grievances
to arbitration,
\V IN NIP HO, Mny 1—It looks ns If
May will seo n striko of the painters
of Ihe cily. The muster palmers and
lliolr employees hnvo failed to reach
nn ngreement regarding tlm new schedule to take tho plnco of the one Hint
e.NplrcH hhiIkIiI.
Al a imiDtliiK of the two |K.nl.',-> InM
nlghl ihe master palntem refiisi'd to
grant tin- request of the humi for an
Increase lu the minimum wage to 10
cents an hour, Iimtead Ihey ollVntd
n graded i*ciilo, with a minimum of 'Ml
cents Un' hiiiiio us IiihI yenr, Imi Hiving n nilHi' of from two to five <i'iii»
lo thn iii-'ii according io their abllliy,
The O. N, it, niiu.iiliilHtH are npiwn*-
I'litly llio only oilier body Hint Is at
present iH'i'otluting a wage scale wiih
their employer!' nnd there Hi'eniH to
hi- no pi(iHpi>rt of any trouble as Imih
the parlies are looking for a HullitfiM:-
lory agreement,
where we will""be' pleased "to meet our olcl customers and
ones. ,' , .,. ■ .*
Tlio Opening and Maintaining of a
Savings Bank Account is n duty that
everyone owes, both to themselves
and to those dependent oh them.
Your Savings Account Solicited.
, Fernie Branch
Summer Wear
A Complete   Range
Your   choice   of
Hats from
$ 1.00
TOUONTO. May l—May liny nnd
Its KlRnlflrnnrn wan milvorfinlly rnlf
brnted by tlm Hm-lnUm pnrty. In Dw
tliy iln- •moTHlnf; m-wtlni*;* wotf !nrs->
and In tlw nflernoon nnd ••vmiIiii; further iMihi-rntloiiH worn lu .d lu Dw
f.nlior tr-mple,
CA1.1A11Y, April Mf>—tTnloHH tbelr
demnnil for nn olght hour dny,nnd fif*
routs per hour Is accuded to, Dw union
pnlnti-rH of the t-lly, numbering about
Vi:,, will go out on striko on May 7.
The nnnoiimiwnt wnH mndo by th»
InifllnesiH agent of tlm union Iiihi night,
nftcr the master pnlntorn hnrt met nnd
appointed ft ifMnmltlee of two to nr
.or the nrrenl of It, M. Ilmoks, n
fiimier member of lucid union \',W,, U,
M. \V. A. loriited 111   AditiiiHon, Oldn,
tlo WilK elected 111'IIHUH'I' id Hnld I'll ul
nnd frniidulenllv Hei-ured over iwelvo
liiiiidreil dollars ot tlior IiiiiiIh    mul
,li/,*ii,lHllii-l(.        til.   in   .1   I m.ii   fi.ife* .    ill
I Hide, bill  liliri WOll(ei)  III the It-illl lllld
zinc milieu of thnt dlHtilct.
The fiillnwlng lelegrniii «cnt out by
Sheriff .lohn A. llnrilsou of Mi-Ales-
ter   Okln    I'lveq hii ile«r-rlntloii:
"/.ooli out for nrul aire>;< U, M,
llrooks, l,"i yenrs of nge; •" feet S In.
tall, weighs 1T0 pouiKJH, light hnir,
blue eyes; light moiiHtnclii', Itotn.m
noti-! nnd wenrs rIiiknch; wniili-d for
embe/zleiiii'iit. Wire nil liifmiiuiHim
nt mv evpeiiHi'.
John A. 5-larriicn,
Sh-rlff. i ,il0
The I.nenl I'nlon luiB iiuiboriyeii ni"
io Ihhui' a reward of flno for lii- nr-
r. st. nt -! nny liiforrnritimi' mny ti.    ■ '.*
Balbriggan Underwear $1.00 per Suit and up
Dry Goods
Si'\l In H'Ikmiiiii ('iinily
KEFOURY BROS.      Notions
\l\\ III Si,llll, lit III,I. I
the matter of an Application for
the it«ue of n duplicate Certificate
bltrnfe with the pnltiterH. Tlie'tneMlni? jtn tin- miilerolKiieil nr'direct to .lohn
will be held on 'I hurmlny In tho office* .
of llnt-flf a**** and **'<•■. •»«' unlet-*.** the nm* '
inr rwlotei-M nn- nn-iwin-il to bIvc In I
tho union men ;.■: 'lint tt strike Is In-;
A. limn
Sheriff id
VUlitlHII«  '•
F. W.
" Re; i •'
• ry
Tretimirer iHMrli t .N"
W. of A.. M
'"•Alet-iter, <>:
Town of Fernie (Map 734A) ]
Notice In liei'eliy Klven (lint It I*- my
IrUuiltloil'to Ih^ite nt lhe ovplintun of
one miilillii tifi-r tb" flrHt pulillnii'nii
hereof n dnpliinte of tli«" (Vnlfleaif
jilt  TltlC  IO the   H!i"M    Ill'tiHIUied   llll   III
nnnin of Arthur V.'ilisht, whicli
t'lTllflenti' In dlttii! Mi ".Ti! dn> of
April, l'jiis nml iiiimb'ie-l n.VjTa.
SAM (, if if»:
ni-'tl'f ll.-i'Htrnr
/.and ItcKUtry Olfite, ■
Nej.jin m  »'.
April l«^, lt»l»
N'idiM li I.. :*.ty ,;Imii :).:it the p;ut-
llelitlilp hi'K lufiile isint 11)', between
111, lie' l|lnl'l-|l||-'l. li* tiH-lvliilWti In
the .liy tit I'VijiIi', III I hu IVovltlcO Of
Hritish ('nliinililii, liiin iIiIh i)ii> Wen
dlnHf-lved by nuitiiiil inus'iit. All debit*
dm Ink to lho mit<l piirtnemlilp nro lo
Ik- pnld to Jiuuex M. Iluddud, ut F.-inle
nfor«Hnlil, htul nil rlnlnift fiKnlnst lliu
hiihl pmlliectilp nre in hi.* presenietl
■*■■ 'I'" ■ >i'f l.-M-i"' M ll-i-f'h'l, hy
«limn tin* i..,iiiii' will l»* .vllhil.
1 li il -I hi )'• 131M-, H, r , il.ls \2Di day
'i>f April. A   11, I!) Id.
Nofman H*dd^d
C, C. Coudti
James M. Hadiiad
—IS 1.1
ii ■*>
Ivor l"
■•77- :-ll
THE _l»T«fCT. UECtaSR* PERNIE,    B> C. MAY 7, 1910
~ * \'€
Published every Saturday morning at its office, Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00 per year in
advance. An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation in the, District. Advertising rates ori application. Up-to-date facilities for the execution . of all
kinds of book, job and color work. Mail orders receive
special. attention. Address all communications to The
District Ledger.
pert*?, therefore in tbe   1-ast analysis the store-keepers
foot the bill of expense and the only one f ho derives a
NOTICB is hereby given that, the
Corporators! ttajaty °^raM&,
tends tb pf&eklwittf the -^nst-rjurcUoj-i
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Practically all Western cities are endeavoring to increase their populations, some by ihe formation of 10,000
clubs, others by reaching out for still higher figures. The
old time circus posters fade into insignificance in the exaggerative character , of their language to attract attention compared, to present day effusions of the literary agent of the "Boosters Clubs." Glorious climate,
with statistics of the precipitation, make the favored region an ideal one for the cultivation of all kinds of fruits,
despite the fact that summer frosts may destroy the
plants with bi-ennial regularity. Transportation facilities are cited, and the names of the different railroads
mentioned. that pass through the town, but there ia a
careful avoidance of any reference to the high freight
rate; the natural resources are dilated, upon at length,
and,the huge figures dealing with the output, whether it
be coal, iron,, wool, lumber or other merchantable commodity are, figuratively speaking, rolled under the tongue
with a frequency that causes even the penniless resident
to swell up as he proudly proclaims the' enormity of "our
resources"; there()is, hovyiayer, no observation made that
the city is completely dominated by the corporative business elements. If the hypothetical city be without ahy
of these attractions the beauties' of its scenery are paint-
ed in such golden colors and the opportunities for,the
pleasures of the chase are so graphically described that
it is deemed by those who read it as a veritable "Nim-
rod's Paradise," and with difficulty they restrain themselves from starling in quest of the game regardless of
pSrhap. a few'explanatory remarksCwlU be perfectly in
season, r "The merchants a*re*in many, "cases compelled
to sell an article at a given price, either arbitrarily fixed
by the manufacturer or* as a* result of competition with
their local confreres, therefore any tax "that they "pay simply means a reduction of the percentage of their,profitsj
and so it is they who pay, the costs incurred by these
governmental expenses. In short, not only is a black eye
administered to them by such wholesale ''ceased to reside iri the district" lists, but tbey have the equivocal
pleasure of footing the bill of the administrator.* The
paltry excuse advanced for this is that these men failed
to vote in the last election, and whilst there are.instances of this failure to register their vote, still many of
them did exercise the right of the franchise, moreover
such solicitude on the part of those who made the objections is, or rather would be, at least excusable if it
were the result of an over-zeal to compel all to express
themselves politically without nny ulterior or sinister
motive behind it. Approximately 800 of these names
were objected to by one, and one individual alone, and
he had no other grounds in the majority of cases to advance the "ceased to reside in the district" objection
than he had to say that they had never been in it, and
it is high time that some steps were taken'to preveht a
recurrence of this character, and if obtaining money by
false or unjust pretenses be punishable this "confiscation" demands that due restitution should be made to the
government by those who have obtained benefits therefrom. '    • *
We would disabuse the minds of any by here stating
positively that' we make these observations without an
lota ' of professional jealousy, and only call attention
from a strict sense of public duty coupled with an honest
desire to do something towards putting a stop to such
indefensible tactics, whereby the only * me'ans we have
for remedying society's evils are to be ruthlessly destroyed solely for the sake of a few paltry'dollars'by "those
whose, perceptions of common justice are-working at an
oblique angle,
Government "pap" may be'very nutritious,-but the
price thereof is too high for*us, and we prefer to fight
off the sheriff without such ."subsidization.".
20 Block 9; 11—20 Block 13, and that
it'_s*Tthe IntefaUdn-tb have the;.- total
.cost.,of- such sidewalks borne -propor-;
tionately by the' owners of* property
fronting" upon suchi* sidewalks; *,'a'nd to
obtain the requisite money therefor
by issue of Local Improvement Debentures.       ■ "..:'  ',*',.  .7*  ;.','
Notice is^also hereby given' that assessments -will be made against such-
property so benefited by such proposed sidewalks in order to meet*-"'-the
principal and interest of such Debentures; the crossings will be .divided
pro rata among the owners of the lots.
The owners of corner lots are assessed for full frontage walk arid two-
thirds of sldeage walk, the remaining
third,being divided among the owners
of inside lots'pro-rata.' * *
" The term of payment of such' Debentures has been made for 10 years
with interest at five per cent,(5 per
cent.) '   >
If any' owner or owners desire ^ to
object to the proposed work or any
portion thereof, the requisite petition
or petitions should' be filed with the
undersigned within ten days from this
date. '    ' '
g. h; boulton, ..
City Clerk
Fernie, B. C, April 22 1910.
Pernie was a 3 to 1' proposition at
half-time.        } ■/,.   -V
Ail. the forwards played well. Judge
Y^^^r.^^  **&,-'jowif*-.    ''
' Manning *T
The ten minute -*crap drew a large
. JBarnell's.score. No, 2 was.a;,dandy.
.Banns',"passing was a treat for,the
Tea Thtf is AIi_|i |?rc«s|
_. !.S*AJ_/yp^ k* SKrogijathe finest tea gardens of
the ]^^^,|j Aylo|i picked every day and reachejj
youi^^}a& man Mtecn weeks after being gather^
ed. -Its native purity: and fine flavour are preserved
in ^air-tight y sealed "SALADA" packets. ; You:
TEunn as a goal keeper is* not a 9
tiijiy wonder.      . v s     '■  .   o   '
."Extracts frohi a report received too
late, to publish at length.
'■■:: \ -*".. '■'•!.'  - '.
■ The Crow's Nest Pass Coal.Co.have
just placed an order, with the Canadian Electric Co. through their' Calgary
branch, for the. manufacture arid supply of one-250 kw 250 volt. 175 r.p.m.
compound wound/direct current, generator, direct connected to- one . 400
h.p, tandem compound condensing Col-
er's steam, , engine, complete , with
switchboard. This unit is of the. latest design, and one of ,the most up* to
date electric generators every produced. It will be installed at their. Michel
plant. .        "■'
' A Slav named Smolek was fined $50
and costs by. Magistrate J. S. T. Alex:
ander for setting out a fire after May
* the season!     r" " - " ■ .,
, -' These Booster Clubs are' encouraged and supported
by the business interests of all communities in- which'
they, are established with unanimity of purpose, proof
conclusive that these gentlemen are alive to that, which
is of material benefit to them, hence a moment's thought
must convince even a superficial thinker that their
course of action is withal perfectly natural." "Build.up",
says "Tho Booster," "declaim your advantages from the
house tops," "Stay with your own* merchants," "Don't
send your monoy away to be cheated," and kindred suggestions form tlie stock in trade of those who reap the
benefit accruing from compliance with those several admonitions.
. e*
Blame,thom? Most emphatically no! They nre merely proving the accuracy and furnishing a concrete lllus-
-ration of "Economic determinism."
Granted that theso statements are Incontestable, and
. 't it Is the duty of all who have anything at stake to
'■ no chance of "boosting", does It not strike the aver-
nan as'highly Inconsistent that tliey, who aro look-
in as tho advance ngonts of the merchants' Inter-
lould Indulge ln practices tliat untitle them    to
\k ln tho "BuBlno3B BiiBtcra' ClaHs?"
>■ cortalnly onJoyB thp unique'distinction, which
-o will stand without an emulator for a long
o, as tho home of a small eotorlo of citizens
Ui unparalleled "busting" proclivities that
appeal to tho community as second   to
■vlnco'rmd In ordor that our readers may
\n as to the accuracy of our Btntomonta
> copies of    the dlfforont newspapers
.nm!*-*1 and note the numbf-i- of those
•produced In tho dlfforont papers oh
-om tho voters list, nnd you cannot
compared   with population,   tlio
'IiIh coiiHtllueiR'y holds the unoii-
tiiK all coniputlloi'H In the por.
to In relation to tho ek-ctoni!
ty must Hfi'll'i' tho im-rngo In-
ire loudly iikuIiihI Hid ikIvIh-
I than volumes of lltnnitiii*'-
i  po'tinlornrt.     A  dlslrlct
«dentorH mlgnito Ik   iln-
it fiomcthlntf must   bu
m of "IIoomiIii-1?"    cun
In order to furnish our readers with- the ■ means for
making comparison between the difficulty of having one's
name placed on the voters' list and the ease with which
objections can be filed,' we append below those portions
of the "Provincial Elections Act,"- dealing with these two
points:        ■    0 "
,,,, Chapter 17.   121.     The returning officer or deputy
returning officer. aLany_^.l_ectipn_sha_l.l_Leceive^he_yo_te_
In the matter, of. an Application for
. the issue of' a duplicate Certificate
of Title to I Lot 4 Block 57 Annex,'
Town of Femle (Map 734A)
Notice is hereby given that it is' my
Intention to issue at the expiration of
one month after' the' first' publication
hereof a duplicate of the Certificate
of Title to the above mentioned lot in
the name, of.:Airtliur * Wright,    which
certificate'-is dated tlie 28th day of
January 1908, and numbered 8128A.
'. ..SAM'L. R. ROE
 .,-., ., . District Registrar
Land Registry Office,  ,' .      . ''
■ Nelson*B. C. .
' " April'19, 1910
Best materials only used
and firs, class workmanship ensures
A Good Job
*** "^
*< iw*i* ***
.oil-. . . 0«v *'         -ou
<ov W e*      „ \o «**
,.r . k
>x\c tb-
-ity Hay that wi- nn*
omlo (lnii.'i'inliilHin"
t Club," linni.'i- up-
<mt that w.j Htul-
'« mny flccni nt
bout tlu* lenHt
<* *      .,0\v«A
-Mct*»°n .'*\xat °n        „ri« co»'»tt
*«*    Z   -tiA'^ overt V
or'an'y person whose "name he finds in the Register of
voters furnished to him or' in his possession as aforesaid: Provided* that such person shall, if required by any
candidate or the agent of any candidate,-or by the returning officer, or the deputy returning officer, take the following oath or affirmation, wliich said deputy rclurning
officer Is hereby empowered*to'administer: ■•■
"You swear (or solemnly affirm) that you are (name
of the .voter) whose name is entered* on the copy of the
register of voters now shown to you as (showing copy
of register lo voter);  that you havo not voted before
i   *. i>
at this election either at this or any other polling place,
nnd that you have not received anything, nor has anything been promised.'to you, either directly or Indirectly,
In order to Induce you to voto,'or refrain "from voting, at
this election, and tliat you nro.'a British subject of tho
full ago of twenty-ono years.    So help you Qod."
And no other oath or affirmation shall ho required of
ony person whoso nnmo Is entered on-any register of voters as aforesaid,
Now having quoted tho difficulties that "doth hedge
a voter," let tis road the stops that nro necessary in ordor to make nn objection;
Chapter' 17, 300 Form B:
Form of notico of objection to bo given to tlio Registrar of voles,
To' tho Registrar of voters for   Eloctornl
District: ,
I object to Iho namo of W. S„ of (doscrlbo porson objected to as ho is doscrlbod in tho list of persons claim-
In*,' to voto. or register of voters, as the chho may be)
bolng plncod (or retained) on tho register of votors for'
Uio   Electoral District (or Polling
Division of tho  .Eloctornl District, on tlio
following grounds. (Hero specify tlio wounds of objections,)
(Signed) C. D.
(OhJiTtor to Htnto'liorn IiIh iiuiillfW.iillon, his profos-
sion, trndo or cnlllnft, nnd rosldonco,)
I)uicil tho  day of A.D. 10.,,.
TIiIh i-nrlnlnly li'liveii thn objector unlimited Intlludn
ill her to vt-nl perftoiiiil spler-n or Indulge In an ntlompt
nt political niiHiiKHliiiitlmi of his opponents, nnd thnt,
without fi-ni* of pi'iinlty whatsoever being iin'ted out. to
ouo guilty of mich plrnyuno tricks.   .
Htningo to sny Unit wo aro compellod to ncknowlodgo
thnt wo mndo nn error In reaching tho conclusion Hint
no othor locality would compnro wllh this In its wholo-
hiiIo HlaiiKlitur catnloguo, au wo rond In tho Hnturdny
RuiiHPt Just to hnnd that tho bonutlful vnlloy of Uio Olo
luinjfun r-mulntOB (emulates Is flno) tlio oxnmplo of our
Iocnl colom In Uio matter of milking lho govcnimont
cow. II
JOE FALVO    ' How Foon Blocker
Ta lent
New Michel Store 24x50
with outbuildings and.
Cottage.   Apply to
Ask you_ grocer for a package to-day.   You'll'like it.
r-^— Black, Mixed and. Natural Green, 40c,.50c, 60c and .Ori per lb.v——
Electric Lighted   ,, -V' - Steam Heated
* jt .
The Waldorf Hotel
J. ** • '     '       .    • '       "* . . '   f
 .                                                        ,                    ,                                                   '              i         .             «)
,    First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water   ' "     ;.       ,'    L. Ai Mills, Manager
It's a Mere
* .      - ,.i •
what we are charging for some
properties compared to what they
are worth.       •>."•.
Real Estate Will
Be Higher
and you can't estimate actual values by our low down prices. You're
on the road to Wealthville when
Tdiraling""witb7"us; ''    ^r~^    ^
■ *  -S* ' ' ' *i
Just unloaded,,including Patent Wire Fencing,.-Wire
Netting, Barbed 5Wire. and* Lumbering Supplies; also
Carload Farm Implements & Carriages
. In addition to:the above,' .we' have a full. line of
Hai'neas:.arid their Parts. . .Your* patronage solicited.
Insurance, and Real Estats
▼ Just around the corner
I      from Bleasdell's
^^Dru^Store ■ -    "=
|f Open-Night ;& Night !
Furniture Moving a Specialty
Leave Orders with W. Keay
New Michel..•' -'      B.C.
R.H. Marlow
Plret Class Union Store carrying a Suitable line of Spring
Two South African Scrips
sale at usual price
North Lethbrldfje, -—Lethbridge
■fl* °UV ,0
w*t» «*.•*!! t«tu^
iivb* y
- *x\™ -        .bat ^c *
• *"$,''£'*lf»\
All tho by-lnwH passod fixcept tho ono for sewerage,
• *
wbf':h wnn tot* hy nrw voto.
Tho work rmthorlxcd by tho by-lnws thnt havo now
jpasficd It In to bo hopod will lie coi-jimc-need as soon an
prartltabl-*. with the pr-fsont st«t. of tho money market tlitiro eliould not b<J any'eteftt difficulty la disposing
of the dobonturea. ' tVe may aay, cn paaaanu this la tbo
'*rfe«i poll on word, and although thi) vollOK was
\(gwM«h-»t slow in the tnornlDf, (hat after dlnper tbere
* A..tl'f ld«) upurtyr^r..., i v; -fj '^
Fernie Opera House
ALL upon us and we'll help. you to
make a selection of Tackle that will
tempt the finny. ones out of their crannies,
Even if you don't buy because your outfit is
complete call and see the stock. No matter
what your requirements, in , the matter of
Price and Quality you will find us in every
way satisfactory. '       •
Fishing Rods from
20c. to $20
W. A. Whlttlnjtdon, tho architect of
iW fire hall and poir-er bouae at Kerala, \* fcavW some'trouble with the
.-»(nt« council i«i payntittU. TL* caiio
may be fought out U.th#.(t^urU^-B. C*
nulldlnu News, •:  .   ,.i-
■^P-Sole Ap;ent for the Celebrated Frost Fishing Accessories
Suddaby's Drug & Book Store
A^ent for Reache's Base Ball'Goods, Huyler'sfe Lowney's
. * . i      *      ■
'■        Chocolates, Kodaks, Thermos Bottles, Etc.
11 -"'
la Jtie. ledger
4*9 K*L***___-1lf*C
AlfcjaaL-M.W^-jjp^.-..^^. ,._._—,-*»*1*'"n-**TfM,Tliyr"MTir '
i_%_h-» ■&■.■._ mm-rd*---.
_ " n ■?-■- 'itt-'1'—rt«*ffc**a__ ■
i :
. -' ■
■——-- tt.-nri t_-ct_r-.-a _ _^a?=gt.-u^ _ry a-.ciTil'*'
-ir v, i*"*-"**     .. ■: '-W'-W '.-" •■*♦'■■ *>        ar.^ri  "       -   ■#_? > ■ ns Six's - iA-Ofr
/, -Ifewri' 8TEW!Ji,MSff i BST-i7-""^/7;
"8 3.3 ft *S • MO->~a il* » V1
.9 Katr   ■*■!fe-*.s>3r    1
ti^li Sffr-cj
..' .- /
"j ifs***; ;5'   "T**" y***V ¥"£* r-"V-V-    <**i-i5J
c;7l7-;fi'77M-;'' l-'.A<.TjV.ii.:8_   i.i..l-3t>*?.. J}%;■!'■:_
,* . •*■■.„■*<;
The OfQclal Or srats-t of District No. £8, V, PI. W.^of A.
,    !7 ■    \
i*: --.-". Wit?
,„•. j .-. * -i,\   .-,..     ,.  , *}.(,■
Fernie, B.C., May  7ttt,  1910
**************************fy****^?****** ,
*:r " "^ :'7:V7^ tr'yyy 't."#',7v? -ti'i^yyyy''    I
N&ws FrbniWhe
*     . '.'','-
From our ^own-Correspondents' *
■'    *"'     ■*;       •., ,'" %
It    *
I*. -
• The Rev. D. \V. Scott," pastor, of the
Methodist church up here, left Tuesday morning for Nelson to attend the
annual conference. Mr.' William Simpson will occupy the pulpit on Sunday
when all are heartily invited to attend.
Morning service commences at 11" and
evening at 7.
Mr. and,,-Mrs. James Rogers and
family are ngnln residing up here.
Mr. and* Mrs. Charlos Lawley   and.
family have moved toi'.Pernio. *
.,   George Booth" was up "again    from
Maple Leaf for a few; days at his old
homo./,.     '   ■" .o ( .,
.. We are pleased to see Charles Claridge out of the-hospital again;-but'it
will bje a few days before he is ready
for work. • ■*;- '',-'.;./"■. ;\ "'.'■' '' ■ ' 7
. Dlctc Corner is busy building a new
house* down at. Fernie on the old recreation grounds. ;*,"7-'»".'7.
Te<J English took, a trip down'to,Michel last Saturday visiting his old pal
Billy .Ridley, returning on:. Monday,;ev-
enlng.after taking in the sports on the
Prairie .    . y • . •
;    Mr.'Latham has succeeded Mr. P.
i L. Glasson as buokkeeper to the Trites
Wood Company..
Bill Hughes has been laid up with a
very severe cold this week. •;•
.James Macpherson has been changed to day shift' fire boss in old No. 1.
Adam Watson has * succeeded him as
nigh1, flrebo'ss iii Nb. 9.    "' ' ""''
The boarders of Mrs. Athertons
boarding house have Issued a challenge; to play ^any picked team in. the
camp a game of football for money,
baccey or peanuts, the regular players being barred.
M; Lynk was visiting his brother
Dan up here last-'weelt end; coming
•from Pincher Creek. Hereturned on
.Tuesday."     . ■ "' 1 •' ' '   ' •
Shortly after two o'clock lastPriday
afternoon the rope which had been let-
,    tliig the canTdown. the" outside "-Incline
at No. 1 North broke In two and the
cars'turned right over, flew'through
■"_ the air like flying machines and land-
,. ed close to the M. P.' and ,M. ' railway
track.    It was most fortunate that no
one was hurt-,' as the cars' were-loade'dl*
l-**'       and the coal flew In all directions. The
rs        afternoon"Bhlft "was laid"6U _6r~th'a,t
day but work'was resumed on the fol-
ft     - lowing morning. , *
Some very fine catches of fish .were
'  brought up here Inst  Monday    and
* -""T.eBdayo', Some of the boys are getting quite experts ln tho art of fishing,
■   Tho ambulance competition will not
* tako' place on Saturday as Michel has
not been able to raise* two teams, but
It is hoped that they will be able to
meet in the. near future.
Mr. G. C. Egg "of the I. C. S. school
was visiting the'students up here on
Monday.   ^   ' ■ '*■-,--..
There was quite a long holiday "up
here, last week end, the mines being
all idle from Saturday until Tuesday
night. A special train was run down
to Fernio for the benefit of those who
wished to attend the meeting of tho
Gladstone local, which was pretty woll
attended..       '.-■.■      , -.   . ■
, The first league match .between Per-,
nie iind Coal Creek .drew, a1 largo attendance, both" teams being well supported by adherents.-,. wearing'*.'their,
respective colors. The game started
about half past six and from the' start
of play it looked as if Pernie'were*'going to walk-over the smaller opponents,'and there Is*not*the slightest hesitation, in saying that the first half
was In favor bf the' blue and white,
and some, .of the.,Coal Creek's, strongest backers.were ori tenter hooks lest
the red and white should have their
laurels torn ofL At the expiration, of
the first half the'score stood" Pernie 1,
Coal Creek duel. egg. On the resumption'of i play there was'noticeable that
grim, determination on the part pt, every- one'* of the "Coal' Crek"h'6ys' to'_o or
die," and ten* minutes after McEwing
caused the referee to give a penalty
kick,. which, made.., the .sqorc.an even.
one... ' Tlie game became fast and furious from this ..time on but; the little,
chaps were riot',.to'be denied''and despite the every' effort' of .heir opponents-, lt was not long before Parnell
tallied another for .Coal Creek. , A
few ...minutes after this McEwing. liad
the misfortune to'give himself a ter:,
rlble. wrench'•■ that""compelled' his re-;
tlrerinent and -thus, seriously, crippled
Fernie. Banns put the leather through
the post's for the third timo. -aihus ended -t the—first—!eague-,rriateh_ibetween,
these strong -.rivals." We would'strongly
urge, u*pon our team to keep-steadily
practising,. as' this victory,')was * won
from a foe* that* is riot to be overlooked, as they have material wliich with
a' little. more practice and combination play whereby they would gain in
wlnd-and- endurance,.would mako-thom
still harder to.beat.      „ ,
"-■;'■,'.'•''„> * 7 <-\\ .'■ ''.*"'■•• * * --"* ■ *,
The drum major was certainly in evidence, but the city band was conspicuous by its absence, and had it not
been for the Coal Creek huglo band
and tho number • of horn blowers it
would cortataly have,been void of any
musical 'attractions. >>
.i The Bellevue Footbal.l.club entertained Passburg on Saturday last when a
very good "game'was witnessed."
, Bellevue.won-by two goals to one.
On Monday, May 2nd, we were visited
by'the Mlchel.football team. The match
occasioned a great deal of interest,
there being a large number of enthusiasts present from Michel, Coleman,
Hillcrest, Prank and Passburg. The
first half was all in favor of the home
team who were rather unfortunate in
not scoring more than one goal.
However in the second half Michel
woke up with a vengeance and scored
four goals. The feature of the game
from the visitors' point wos the really
fine playing of the Michel fullbacks.'
-'McGechie played a grand game for
Bellevue. * Even the Michel followers
had to admit that he was, about the
best'player on, the field. Our goalkeeper, although suffering from aii injured
knee, gave a good account of,' hlraself.
Better, luck next time; we are optimists here,.and hope'to.reyerse the score
when .we meet, again. ,7
• Sports were held under "the auspices,
of the U. M: W. of A. after the football
match!    .* '■     '   " ; '. .,.*
'] 100 yard dash: lst John Ow.ens;' of
Passburg;.2nd W; Sirhon, Bel\eyue.,
,'! 14, runnersi3 heats., arid'.final; ■'
'Running.high jump l^t;J..'Ulyonen,
Bellevue';,-2nd'-W. Sirhonj.Bellevue..
\Tohn Owens "of Passburg. was'hot fa-
vprite for a while for'the high'leap,' but
falling to do.himself justice, caused a
certain rancher, to return home a sadder,, but wiser,-man. •, . '.
;rThe winner leaped foijir feet, nine
inches. " ~ '*
;.'Rjice for ponies .under, 14 hands; lst
Cliff Millar's "Rusty".;!2nd*Frank (Cokey) Bosley's "Tiny:"
A,free for all race:-lst W. H. Chap-
pell's "Queen "of the Woods," 2nd Ab.
May's "Black Joe."J     *        '*-*'_'
"There seems to have.,.been. a lot of
dissatisfaction over this'race. • It was
Intended*; that there should be two
heats, but through' some misunderstanding, "all the horses started out together. „ There is .'no. question but the
b'es£ horse won. ■      *7        *  *   *
■880 yards race: lst Gus Johnson, of
Bellevue, 2nd E. Lousetti, Maple Leaf.
-The.winner led from the start and
won easily. There-were four entries
Peter Paul's, team "from Bellevue.
-.A'wrestling competition, any weight,
catch.as catchl'can brought the;.day's
sport to a close: " There were' six entries for the above: J.' Kennedy, .Herman Tepps, A. Mulgunes/and A.' Mackie
of Bellevue, C. -Gould*of Blairmore and
Tony" Ambrose of "Maple Leaf.""Referee
Mr. .James..All8opp,.pf Bejlavjic. -, First
heat': Muigunes;'beat '"Ambrose.' In four
minutes and ten seconds; second heat
J, Kennedy beat A, Mackie. Tho latter retired before any real work was
done; third heat, Herman Tepps , was
beaten by C, Gould after about 7 minutes of real good wrestling. 2nd round
The Western Coal Operators' Association and District No.'18 United Mine
7 Workers of America
Meeting, Held at Maeleod, October 12th, 1909 ,
7    ,    ,'„ Re Doctor and'Hospital
In the making of any new arrangements for a Doctor, a Committee of three
representing the Local Union, and tlie Manager, representing the Company, shall meet and mutually agree upon a Doctor, and after the Doctor has
been selected, the Coinmittecvthc Management and the Doeior shall then
•meet and draw up a mutual agreement, which shall be signed by all three
parties. ...
Re Loss of Coal in transit between the Mines and Weighing Machine at Coleman, and the packing of Timber to Counter Gangway at Coleman Mines:
In the matter of the dispute anent loss of coal between chute and tipple. The
International Coal & Coke Company, of Coleman, Alberta, and District 18,
United Mine Workers of America. ,
That inasmuch as the contract miner has complied with the conditions of
his agreement, to wit, the delivery of coal to the chute., and that the Company,-.as per page 11 of the Agreement entered into between the Western
Coal Operators Association and the U. M. W. of A. District 18 does agree on
its part to handle ail coal placed in chute, then the responsibility of using
such vehicle of transportation as shall deliver said coal (less shrinkage, such
as is incident to and unavoidable in the transportation of coal) to the tipple,
Inheres ln the Company, and per contra the miner should not suffer In consequence of any failure'on the part of the Company to,carry the coal to the
scales; and any. loss .^except as* hereinbefore provided for) sustained between
the chute,and the tipple,should be the Company's.
This ,is my. decision given this 6th day of December, 1909.
';.,..*     (Signed)        -   °, J. W. BENNETT,
*'    ■'       ,,',": Independent Chairman
in the matter.of. Dispute, anent the Delivery of Timber. The International Coal
.   and Coke Company,of Coleman, Alberta, and U. M. W. of A., bistrict 18.
. That comformably to' the Coal Mines Regulation Act of Alberta, as Der
Rule 16a (that tirinbe.'shall be constantly kept in each .working place as near
the working face as practicable) and that in the dispute Involved it was- acknowledged that it was practicable^to deliver timber at the head or top bf the
crosscut on counter entry, then my decision is that timber should be so delivered. ' •■
"y Given this 6th day of December, 1909. -  '
'! ' (Signed)7   '.   ,     ". *      J.W.BENNETT,'
■I Independent Chairman
Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized .$10,000,000
Capital Paid Up' $5,000,000     Reserve $5,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President   '      HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,  Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit,
Merchants Bank of Canada
Capital $6,000,000 .Reserve $4,602,157
President Sir H. M.Allan *  Gen.   Manager E. F. Hebden "
A General Banking Business Transacted; Out of Town Accounts Solicited, Deposits or Withdrawals may be made by mail.
Savings Bank Department
$1.00 opens an account; interest paid  at  Highest Current    Rates.
'   '.    -       '  ...-' .'.7    Hillcrest, Alberta, December 8, 1909
, In the matter of the wages of'the locomotive engineer and fireman on thf
branch railway into the Hillcrest Mine; we are of the opinion that these men
are not under-the jurisdiction'of either the Western Coal Operators Association, or the .United Mine '.Workers of America, and .that the' Joint Committee
have* no authority in the matter, and that it is a matter to. be arranged between the Company and 'these meii. „ a " *- • *-, ■ * '
ployed on the tipple at .the Hillcrest Mine; when not necessary to run thc
tipple during the noon, half hour, the engineers are to leave'their boilers in
proper condition to..strand over, and have the"half hour; when necessary'to
run during the noon half "hour, they are to remain at work, and be paid for the
same. ' ■"". y'f ,. ■ ■; • , '_-,,
°             k,,^'Meeting heH at Lethbridge, Alta., on April 12th, 1910
Re Miners falling t«J„make $3.00>per day at Bellevue Mines, West Canadian,Collieries, Limited. '';
-,, -After hearing letter from Mr. Coulthard stating that he had settled the
matter, the case was withdrawn. ' ■
Re Machine Men at No. 5 and No. 6 Mine. A. R, & I. Co.'s Mine, Lethbridge, Alberta.
Commlttoo ruled.that the matter of rnto paid Machine 'Runners when
taking placo of men laying off, the practice hereto In existence bo confirmed,
as applying during the contract. That the contract applies to all operations
of, tho Alberta RallwAy's. Irrigation Company, That tho rate of Machine
Runners on Company-work be fixed at, $3.50 per day; Helpers $3.00 per day.
That tho Company make up to the Machine men and Helpers In the employ on day labor to tbo. above rates from tho first of January, 1910.
-v.,,, LEWI8 8TOCKETT, President
.      .'. A. J. CARTER, Secretary.
Yorkshire   Fire,   Home   of  New
if:: -, "
York, Commercial Union of N. Y.,
Employers'Liability,.London Guarantee
— =an d-AGGident  L_
Great West Life
Have you seen the New
Special Policy maximum
Insurance, minimum cost
Henderson Block
Fernie,  B. C.
Mulgunos boat Gould with-a roll over.
Gou(d was giving a lot of weight away
but proved a real good'worker.
Flnnl: Kennedy beat' Miiigunos. This
was to be decided with best two, out of
throo falls, Mulgunos Iodic exception to
Kennedy applying the too hold, bur, the
roforoo docldod it waB permissible and
Mulfjiines rotlrcd. Kennedy won thn
socond fall by Home very'clovor work
and was roturned tho wlnnor.
Joo Grafton, Malcolm Morrison, Joo
Stevenson, Mlko llrennan nnd William
Grahnm worn down to tho footbnll
match on Monday,
John Mc. .lonos of Hillcrest wat* ovor
horo on Saturday In company with W,
Cloin FltubbH was ln town on Monday
but loft on tlin Local, missing all tlio
fun at. tho fair,
Mil D nt Uo took a trip to tlio South
fork on Tuesday.
Jack llnyco, !lliilriiiori\ wnn In town
on Monday.
aooi'Ko Bnilili In building a fluo now
bnrn on Front Hticet, There will bo
uccmnninilniton for 1(1 homes. All Hindi*
of velilclim horn for pl.'nmiro, including
a now Ijiih to sent IH p«ih(iiih, TIiIh
latter will no doubt ho seen itt Colcinnn
as the football tonm Intends innkluir
UKO of It,
Hlljnh Henthroto, Ills MnjoHty's Inspector of MlncH vlHlled Dw mines on
Tuoiiday nnd Wmlnoitdny.
G. Fnuro wnH In town on Hunday.
« '   i        .*, if.    •'•"»  Xuiiii  tn   ttir,
.* ... -....v.....  ...*.
eh\u'-h horo hy thn . rntnrnnl Order ofi
KiirIoh on Riindny last In memory of
Brother Jlm Saudlno, who died a fow
wcvkH uso. AH thc affirm were present ln full ri'Kiilla. Tins Rov. Mr.
Jones preached a sermon on depended,
Jilil*l Tlimlu Mjtwtt .iii,*"*. •.."j.wi'.'.ij. *i..„±.„ .
J,o„ thnt norno people prosont wore ef
tJio opinion that a intmbrlal scrvlc-.
wnH not Tit'coosnry. Jlm Haudlno wan
i-A flno young man,
,-, Joe Raudlno, hrothep of J. Snudlno.
deceased, reached Ikllovue on Monday
from Iietttbrldif-i, whoro h-i hns h"-~-n
i jtaderRoInft treatment at-ino honpltal.
Ilia friends winh Mm n uppody row-
» Mr. Jame. Undwy, lemUry of the
jlcllovu-*** AlhlHlo dub, wtirxlvo » re-
w-tnl'to Anyone who will, throw tome
41 rut on tbe whu.'About,****, of-ft bmket
|f fo*9ib|U.clothlnK. booU, j-jtc., wbtri»
|om« block hbfckU'tl ot-T country itliy
maMikiiHd fMUyw. Ah»„ vu» Vio-
Yorift, B .C
, Tho sanitary conditions In tills town
want seeing to at onco. There's quito
a difference between a closed shop,
nud a closed town. Did you ovor notico it?
. Tlio receipts nt the Bellovuo v. Michel mutch woro $60.45, a record, I believe-for the Pass.
There wore a fow events wo could
not pull off on Monday ko we Intend
pullliiK them off on Sunday evonlni*;.
.. O. E.
A ronulnr mootinp** will bo held Friday ovenliiR at 8 o'clock sharp In the
K. V. hall, Victoria avenue, AH vln-
Iting brothron nro cordially Invited, A
full atteiidnnco of ronulnr members Is
onrncHlly doHlrod aH matters of lm-
portanee nro to ho broiiRht forward.
VV. Keay, 8ec,
■Tho only kind suitable for
this climate.
The Leading Druggist Phone 118
Every Night
ADMISSION 25c and  10c.
Doa'asDoaaDaaoiaiaiPiQauQiQBaaiaiDaQaaaaaoaaia.a.Diaa m
-7*.;7. -.
. .   . ■"-
Accidents In Mine
Prevention of Accidents from Falls in Shafts
etc—From an Interesting Paper by Mr. F. H.
Wynne, an .Inspector of Mines for Stafford
(From paper by Mr. F. H. Wynne,
in The Science and Art of Mining.)
The-introduction to the report contains a compartive statement for the
last decennial period of deaths from
various causes underground in mines
under the Coal Mines Regulation Act
as follows: Falls of ground, 57.8 per
cent.; haulage, 22.6 per cent,; shafts,
S.S per cent; other causes, 10.S per
cent. It is proposed on this occasion
to deal only with tlie section of it relating to: ,
Shaft Accidents
■ The vtouil number of deaths from
shaft .ju'cidents-during the period was
70S, and the total numbor of persons
employed was G.-tiO^.O.*!*.'. From Uiese
figures the average death rate per 1,«
000 persons employed per year worked
out at .110.
Aecidents in shafts are classified as
Overwinding, Id accidents, 82 deaths.
Ropes or chains breaking, 13 accidents, 82 deaths.
Whilst descending or ascending by
machinery, JC3 aecidents and 202 fatalities..
Falling, into shaft from surface, .-JG
accidents, and 50 deaths.
Things falling into shaft from surface, 42 accidents and 45 deaths.
Speed Controlling Devices
' Detailed descriptions and drawings
of the three arrangements best known
in Great Britain are given, viz., the
Whitmore, the Visor, and the Futers
gear. General approval of these gears
is noted with a qualification in these
terms "When properly, set and regulated." * Two cases are quoted where
accidents might have been entirely
avoided had winding engines .been fitted with satisfactory speed controlling
In tho drafting of a general rule in
place of Rule 30 it will be "necessary
to include electricity as one of the
motive powers. It is also suggested
that the term'"adequate brake power"
is in need of closer definition. Brakes
are classed under three heads: Foot
brakes, steam brakes and special
brakes. The committee seem to liave
little faith in the former, and suggest
that "however efficient a foot brake
may be as such, its holding power is
not vory great." "No preference is given to or distinction made between
baud or post brakes. Approval is expressed of the modern practice-.of providing both steam and foot' brakes,
but ihe possible 'occurrence of an accident is mentioned where the steam
Becker's    patent   wedge    capp-
Scott and .Caddy's,, patent capp-
Falllng from "pari wav down, 170 ac- j brake  becomes   ineffective,  and    the
detents and ISO deaths. "foot brake being of insufficient power
Things falling part way down, -IS accidents and 5S deaths.
Miscellaneous, J"7 accidents and 100
*    Making a total of G0S accidents and
7ftS deaths.
Attention i.s drawn lo the preponderance of accidents and deaths from: .
(a) Whilst the cage is in 'motion,
(b)-from falling part way down. The
subject of shaft accidents is considered under nine heads as follows:
1:  Winding engines.
2:  Speed controlling devices.
o:   Brakes
■-■4:   Winding ropes and their attachment to the cage.
5: Cages
,G: Guides
7: Shaft, examination
■ S: Signalling and indicators
9:  Loading and unloading,
. The shafts inspected by the committee, were, with one exception, all per-
n^cTTuTculaiT^-TiTtrTlrfy i i *_"~ nnrep t it ihf
tween GG yards and 1312 yards, the lat-
.. ter being the No. IS shaft of the Mon-
cean-Fori'talno Company of Belgium,
and the second deepest shaft in the
Winding  Engines
.- Atteiiiion is first directed under this
head to the probable adoption, to an
■ increasing  extent   in   the  fill ure,    of
, electricity as the nioLivc* power for
winding purposes in Ihe United King-
.dom; allied willi the Koepe'and Whiting syKicm whicli allows of great, re-
ducilon in llio weight of tho drum,
and because of its more balanced load
gives a more effective use of Ilie power available for winding. The nppar-,,
iitus at tho No. II Pit of Iho Bethuno
Collieries is ipiolcd as typle.nl of this
combination. In Ihls case the drum
Is 8 yard's 2 foot In diameter, and a
steel rope 2.2-1 Inches in diameter
makes n half turn only, lying In a
birch "Irod' or groovo way, the friction, of suk.'I ngalnst, birch affording
Rufflclcni grip to prove-.',)! slipping.* No
preference from the point, of view uf
safety Is given io vertical over horizontal wlndlim imikIiu'h or vlco versa,
Under UiIh head, however, iillenllon Is
drawn to iwo recent accldcnlR duo tn
defective forging of criuik or drum
shafts, and u Kiiggi.-Htion Is iiiiulo Ihnt
' the iniii'liK! practice of boring a hole
through the ■■■■nil--- of the shaft, would
Indicate lii't'orchnnd the quality of the
Hhafl, The qiiestloii of more than ono
winding engine In one mom Is iiIho
dealt with Ijoiv, nnd such practlco Ih
dr-preculeil, Willi regard lo speed nf
winding, tho Goix-riil Huh*- (2(1) on the
subject Ik quoted, unci If Itt pointed out
that nlilimiBli Hie aulrniuitle ennti'lv-
unco I herein lncnlloned Is generally
Interpreted io menu a deiiiehlug home
nud the majority of minim nro now .hu
provided, mill such contrivance only
conies Into act Ion after lhe overwind,
nnd therefore It Is doubtful whether
smell contl'lvnifei' Hiitlnfli-H the require-
inentH of llio Art In UiIh respect, There
|h too cnniddernhle divergence In Hie
<lirferetil codeH of i-ul**n In the fixing of
tlm point In the hIimI'i within which
Use slow speed Is opcrulhv, It Ih mig-
gcMi d thiii, the thing of Dw point
should il.'iii ml on tlw diameter ol' Oie
ili'iiiu and the speed of wind, bin that If
ilellichlh'.' ImimI'.h mill Hpeeil colli I nllf-l't-i
Weie III illilvciwil l|w> Ilo IiI'iivIhIiiII of
Mils Kind would he nei-eSKiiry, No i----
I'oimm'iidiilloii Ih made wllh P-gard to
Dw iiiiiiiI--t of men raised »r loweied
pri wind, or io ihe n< Iuul hpeed of
io hold the drum. Tlie committee,
therefore recommended that "drums
of winding engines should be fitted
with two brakes, either one of which
will hold the cage, and of these, one
should be connected to a device for
puttiifg It into operation, should the
englneman, for any reason fail tp do
so. ,-        . ,
Winding Ropes and Their Attachment
,    to the Cage
Under this heading aro  comprised
winding ropes, capels or socket ings, detaching hooks.*and suspension chains,
and the several items are considered
in Ihat order,     At the outset the committee express an opinion that, nothing
.is io.be desired as regards-the stand-
jard of excellence of winding ropes in
j use in this country.     A table is given
! showing grounds for  this opinion  in
! tlie comparative fewness of cases of
I accident  due  to  breakage  of ropes.
Inuring the ten years, 1808-1007,    the
_____il__niimberod    thirteen    fatal.
ing. ■      -    "   *.
Valuable detailed descriptions and
drawings are given of, each of these
types, with numerous notes and comments as to adantages and disadvantages of the idfferent methods. The use
of rivets for holding the sockets in the
second type is condemned as tending
greatly to weaken the rope. 0The tendency of wires to break at a point
where they are bent is also noted. In
the third type the necessity for thoroughly cleaning the wires and avoiding
ioo high a temperature of the molten-
white metal is recognised; as well as
the advantage of' keeping tho .wires
straight after untwisting. Periodical
recapping is strongly approved of, the
reasons for the approval being threefold: it ensures a continuously'efficient capping, it allows of an internal
examination of tlie rope, and it tends
fo lengthen the life of the rope by altering th© positions of weak points at
the contact of the rope-with the pulley
and-drum. The practice noted as several collieries where re-capping is
carried out every six months, and a
record kept and posted up in the winding house is highly commended, and
it is suggested that where such a rule
is lacking that one on this matter
might be Incorporated in the' special
rules. The committee deem the use
of detaching hooks very -desirable^ in
all cases and recommend the provision'of jack catches in the headgear lo
hold the cage when disconnected from
the rope.
As regards the attachment of the
cage to tlie rope the use of riding rods
instead, of chains, as was the case at
Fogg's Colliery, Bolton, whore an accident occurred on October 4th, 1907,
causing tlie loss of ten lives, is considered unsatisfactory, as their rigidity
does not allow sufficient play. An
instance of the introduction of a spring
or buffer box between the detaching
hook and the cage is quoted, the use
of which has been attended with considerable success in the" saving-of
winding ropes. Finally under this head
tho committee recommends tho use of
a minimum of four chains for suspension of the cage from the shackle ring
or plate in shafts where persons are
_ai_s._L_or lowered, and suggest* the in-
and obtained by him from actual   experience; admits of no other conclusion
than that such effects are not obtained; while a-"slanting top has further
isadvantages in that it is inconvenient
for,loading.timber on the cage, and
prevents the use of the spring, attachment referred to above.    With regard
to securing tubs in cages it is suggested that an' automatic ' arrangement,
wliich 'will, act independently of manipulation, possesses advantages both in
respect to safety and economy   over
catches or'stops whose action is governed by hand.   . The question of safety  clutches  or  catches  designed   to'
come into action in the* event' of the
rope breaking is discussed at considerable length.     The conclusion of the
-committee  is  summed  up   in   these
wordsr'.'In our opinion it is much better to rely on good material in the
ropes, chains and other tackle, careful
periodical examination, and jre-capping,
annealing, etc., during   their working
life., to fix a maximum period for the
life of a rope! and to allow, a liberal
margin between the working load and
the breaking strain    of the winding
tackle, than to employ safeguards that,
under conditions    obtaining   in   this
country, can only be considered of a
doubtful value,'    The conditions specified are tho rope guides, in    thess
days so largely used, and the groat
loads and high speeds of winding in
modern shafts.     The committee com
mend ,to the consideration of the Institution of,Mining Engineers a suggestion for putting theso appliances to a
practical test in a colliery shaft, in order to stimulate invention in this direction.    It is pointed out that smoothness of "action of the cages is conducive
to safety, and that, the best means to
secure this, especially in deep shafts,
is by the attachment of a balance rope
beneath the two cages.
Lizard Local General'Teamsters No.
-,141.. Meets', every Friday? night at
■8 p.m!:Miners' union''hall.,.   Al L.
.' Boles,.President; .William Long, Recording Secretary.    '*•'■  -■_
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays' at 2.30 p.m." Secretary J, A. Gbuplll, Waldorf Hotel.
*   DENTIST." ■"    •*-*"
Offip-s: Johnson-Faulkner Block!
Hours 9-12;. 1-5; 6.30-7.30.-, Phone- 72
B. C.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
' Meets 2nd and 4th Saturday Miners
Union hall. - i). *Kees, Se."-.   ' • -
Amalgamated Society, of Carpenters
and Joiners: Meets in the Miners'
Union,Hall.    A. Ward, Secretary.
Typographical Union No. 555: Meets
last Saturday in each month at the
Ledger Office.    A. ,T, Buckley, Sec-
- retary. , .
Local Fernie No. .17; S. P. of C. Meets
• in Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at. 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcome. U.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to-l;*2 to 5;6to 8.
t ■-.,' ' '•     '* •■'    ■■' ■
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.   '•'-"
W. R.   ROSS K!C.
Barrister   and Solicitor
Fernie, B. C.
L. Pi Eckstein
D..E. McTaggart
Other bodies are requested to send jn
their cards.
causing thirty-two deaths, and five-
non-fatal, causing injuries to eight
persons. ■
In discussing ropes' the committee
(leal first with the safety factor, pointing out that thc various one-sixth to
one-tenth of the* breaking strain-of tho
rope is determined by the manufacturer. This fuel or is not, however, a recognized fraction of the total winding
medium existing between drum and
ca^e, I.e., rope, capel, detaching hook
and shiickeis.     **,
The commltteo In view of the difficulty of mnlntiilning a minimum factor of safety In cases of groat depth,
recommended that tho better' plan
would,bo to specify the margin,ihnt
should be allowed as between tho
breaking strn-ln of the rope, chain is, ef,e.
and the load., Instancing tlmt In n
deep shaft witli '20 tons load and ropo
having a breaking film In of 200 Ions,
lliuro Is n margin of 180 tons, whereas
In a shallow pit wllh load of f ton'and
rope breaking of 20 tons, I here Is a
margin of 1!) Ioiik only. In lho Conner
case Ihe factor or safety Is 10 and In
lho latter 20.
After a fow remarks on the life and
care of ropes the following recommendations are nirulo:
a: When kept In stock, they should
ho carefully alorcd, and ou no account
placed on Iho ground, but. covered and
placed on a stand or shelf and thoy
Hhould be regularly limped ed,
h: When about lo bo used a rppn
should bo placed on ii turntable In order to avoid kin Wim and carefully uncoiled from tho onler end.
c: A ropo Hhould not ho worked
round u drum or ovur a pulley of Insufficient diameter, and' should bo
proven!od from Hliilclng iikiiIiihI any
hard buIiMiiiu*--.
il; It. Hhould dally receive a regul'ir
dressing of miltnbl*' greiiHi* which
Hhould bo thoroughly laid on,
(,•; RIciidlneKi' nf movement in llm
Htarllng to avoid a jerk Hhould he aimed al,
!': A rope sliinild not bo changed
from n largo lo n hiiiiiII drum and vlco
«: I'ixlreini' varlntloiiH of heat and
• old Hhould always be'avoided as far
lis  poHSlHble,
CapclH are coimldereil under hIx different IiimuIh:
1: (iiooved link or eye-piece with i\
clump or KplhiiiK.
2. Hope cone with Hiicket and coll-
:i:   White nieinl cMpplii*:
•I, !)->rh.VH)iir--'K pateiii cupping.
Cage guides aro divided into two
classes, viz., rigid and4 flexible guides.
The former includes those constructed
of wood, iron or* steel, and the latter
those of iron or steel wire rope. At'
the outset preference is given to rope
guides,i except where owing lo the narrowness of tlie shaft'their use is precluded.      , "
In the case of rigid guides thc importance of good joints is emphasised
and descriptions and detailed drawings are given of the most effective
methods of joining that were noticed.
Dangers to be guarded against in the
use of flexible guides are of two kinds:
1: Cages meeting owing to too much
swaying of Uie'guides. ■
2: By breaking the rods.
.The former difficulty is surmounted
by_ ensuring sufficient tension on the
guide rods, and by the introduction *of
rubber or dummy guides between the
cages; the,latter by care in examination of the guides as to wear and'corrosion, and by avoiding the application
of excessive,strain. ' The daily examination of the guides, gives warning of
Garden Fences
If you want a fence built around'
your pi-opoi-tyj apply for particulars and teviiis to
H. W. Milne      59 Howland Ave/
Cox Street
Fernie B. C,
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
.. if\
F. C. Lawe
Alex. !. Fisher
faisait cadeau a son mari de' quatre
jumoaux. ,
Pour recompenser les heureux par*-
ents d'un si reniarquable exploit le roi
1-Jdouard, mis au eourant de l'evene-
ment leur fit envoyer la somme .de
2,000 dollars, soit $500 pour chacun
des jumeaux, deux gareons et deux
filles; '     '
■ M. et Mme Grant ont profile de cette
aubaine pour quitter le Nouvelle-Ecos:
se et, hier,' accompagnes de leur sept
rejefons—car ils' en avaient deja trois
avant larrivee des quatre jumeaux—.
ils passnienl ,a Ottawa, en route pour
Lacombe, Alberta, ou ils vont coloniser
et sin-tout; peupler.
troductlon of a rule making compulsory the* periodical annealing of these
chains. A word of warning is sounded with reference to tlie reliance placed by colliery managers, on chains,
links, etc., which have been supplied
lo I hem by a Lloyd's certificate, In
such links flaws of a serious character
have been discovered, and It' is necessary that a Lloyd's test should be mado
a real gauge of reliability of the material experimented upon.    ,
The commlttoo having taken Into
consideration only that part of the subject relating lo existing and completed
shafts, draw attention to tho fact, that
their remarks throughout the report
are not. applicable to shafts In the
courso of being sunk. Tho desirability for cages either for winding men
or mineral, both from the point of
view of safety and convenience, Is ox-
pressed. Although their use for these
purposes Is now almost universal,
thoro are still a fow Inslancos to tho
Little or no fault Is to bo found wiih
the protection to the sides or Ihe
cages lit all well equipped collieries,
There Ih Htlll, however, room for considerable Improvement In this respect,
al a number of mlnos whoro the sides
of tho ciiro (which wan a mere skeleton carriage) afforded practically no
hindrance to tho fnlllng out of poi-HOtm.
matei'lalH or mlnorals, and no moans tn
provent contact with guidon, buttons,
etc., In lho Bhafl. The question of
cage gates to protect llio nthorwlso
opon ondfi Ih doiilt with at somo length,
both pro nnd con, and the committed
find "that tho balance of probabilities
appcaiH lo favor the »i. ■• of ruoIi types
or galo whicli admit or -ioihoiih bolng
got out or llio cage In easn of omur-
goncy rnthor than In thu (IIhuho of the
gat na altogether."
Some cngr-H Inspected wero provided
with Blunting or conical tops, lho aug-
goHllon being that this almpo Induced a
Iohh Injurious effect on thn vnnl lint Ion,
and conduced lo u Hleadler movement
nf the cane. Information mipJiillud In
tho c.iiiiiiilltoo by Mr. (J. M. HIumIch,
of the diameter of the rod by the cali-J
per in as man'y places as possible is
recommended. Corrosion can be noticed in tho exposed portions of the
guide, and can be avoided by efficient
daily lubrication; the difficulty lies in
the portions hidden from view; whero
it. passes through tho fast scaffold, at
which point also it is subject, to damage, by fraying, owing to side niovement.
' Numerous descriptions and drawings
are given of effective methods of
obviating these difficulties,.nnd whereby the portions of the guide usually
hidden from view aro brought into
such positions that a proper examination may bo made. No generally
agreed upon rule is available as to
what weight should bo attached to the
rope guides to produce the nocessary
tension or rigidity, Where, weights
are usod il Is pointed out. that In order
to keep thoni' as steady ns posslblo,
thoy nro frequently Immersed Jn tho
sump protected or unprotected from
action of tho water; bill. If thoy nro bo
Immersed It Is difficult, If not impossible, to* carry out that part, of General
Rule Ti, l'olatlm*, to the dally oxnmina-
Hon of tho guides.
Shaft Examination
(iijiiornl Rule "> is hero quotcd'ln full,,
and tho commit loo comment on It as
follows: 'Tho wording of tho rule Is
too, wido for lho satisfactory accomplishment of the object, which It Iiiib In
viow. Wo would point, out that, tho
examination, especially In the chhc or
rigid guides whero srores of Jointh
lmvo to bo examined, In order to bo
thoroughly carried out, Hhould occupy
a longer tlnm thnn Ir frequently shown
to bn tlio caso." „
Une NecEcossnlse met au Monde
Quatre Jumeaux
Ilecomiiit'iit. noiiH iipprcnd uno do-
pee.ho d'Olliiwa, Canada, Mmo David
(Iriint, do Wnnl worth, Nouvello Kcohho
ONLY those who, suffer
from piles know the
misery it brings 1 It robs
life of its pleasure, steals
the brightness from exist
ence, and substitutes days of, dull
pain and moments of acute agony.
Most so called "remedies" give
ease only for a time, and then
'back comes the trouble and pain
land misery!  Zam-Buk-cures Piles I
JAnd cures permanently. Proof of
.this lies all around you. Women
jaiid men In all stations of life have
proved it-possibly some of your
friends I   Let It euro you I
Mrs. Wm. IIuuIioh, of 2.r)3, IIocholaKa
St,, Ilocholafpi, Montreal, bush :—','I wub
ii BiillVrer for yearn from blind,ltchinu
andprolrudinupilcB. TlioiiBonylBiilTorcd
no one knows, ltomody aftor romody
proved nseltBS. Day followed duy und
Uu-ro wns no reliof for mo—pain, Iobb of
Btrm-fitli, flulncHB, misery, this wns my
I know now that ihero in notliintf on
ihis onrth liko il I It cured mo of pilfiB,
and onco cured, I have Imd no roturit of
lho evil. I would like nil womon who
hiiffiir as I did to know that Zam-Buk
will euro thom
lltililn brinj a write for rfUi Znm-Jtuk cum
tmtim, liluiXil-iiiiliontnii, traektd or ehniiptil handi,
ulctri, i'liti, burnt, brtiltti, icnlp torn, rlni/worm.
tori ltp, (rati Hit, mhl mm, nml nil Ml Inlurln
vul dittaut, AII ilruo'ilil. mid tlom ull til W -ft
bnx. or from Znm-DtikCo, Toronto for price,
am Buk
The Greatest Triumph in Typewriter History
Fads for Weak Women
Nlne-tentlti nl all the iif*kne«* ol women in ilue lo Mime deranf(cmcnt or dii*
eaie ol the or-tnn-i distinctly leminlne. Such ulckneti can bo cured—it cured
every diy by
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
It Makea Weak Women Strong.
Sick Women Woll.
ft <Ktt directly.in the orjjant affected and It at the »»me lime a ttntral re»tora-
live tonic ior the whole -«y*tem. It ciirei female complaint ridlit In the privacy
of home. It ■ti-ik-.i. unnectkiury tlie duoireenhle queHionind, enaminatiiinti and
local treatment oo iniiverially imiiled upon hy doctor*, and »o abhorrent to
cvtiy uiuiicU »ouuu.
We thai! nut pnMiciiliiri/c here at to the lymptomt ot
thote peculiar nfTectioni incident to women, hut thoia
wanlinjj lull inforrnation «» to tbtir tymptom* end
mean* of poiitivc cure are referred to the I'enplc'a fiom-
mon Sen«e Medical AdvUfr—1004 Q*it., newly revued
ami ap.tft-<!«te PAit'wtn, ttxxt frtt nn receipt of 31 one-
cent atampi to cmer ennt of mailing ea/jr; or, In cloth
Wndtnl ior SO »tamp«,
Add«t« Dr. K. V. Pierce, Huffalo, N.Y.	
New Visible Models of the
These new models represent thc sum
total of more labor, more experience,
more   accumulated '> knowledge,   and
j^tCAVCti     kV.Ck'O-t'.hSA,   VklAkk     aik     OlbkV.k      X.J jiv,-
writers combined.
That is why these new Remingtons
have given such complete satisfaction
to typewriter users, and xvhy their,
sales have broken all records since
the invent ion ofthe writing machine,
Remington, Typewriter Company
, m* ' f* **
8 J % Pflndflp S t. Vn nf on ver B. G
Fernie, B.* C. *"
W. A. CONNELL      ,   ,
_.     ■ '*<•'■•  I
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of;
- , . y Fernie ".'
At a Bargain
'   T
Kings, Hotel
Temporary Building
^No Reasonable   Offer
_2ADpl_to.7 .
Queen's Hotel
Under New Management
Excellent   Table and
all white help
Additional Table for
28 Moro Men
Bap Unexcelled
■All White Help
, Up-to-date ■■
Call inland
see us once
Central Hotel
Best Table
1      Kviirytlilnir N'ow -imi;Up .u--l<ilu   .
Workingmen's   Trado  Solicited
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
The Hotel of Fernie
v    Fei'iiiu's Lending Coinim-rci-il
• , and Tourist House  '
'Lumber  Dealer
All -ktmlH of'rough und di'i-ascd lumlioi
Victoria Ave,.      North Fernie'
Chartered Accountant, Amlgnee, Liquidator and TruBteo; -auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie,
11111U U   11U lliU
Biir supplied with  Iho  \wnt WIuph,
Lii-uni'H and (ligiii'H
P. O. Box 308
McLEAN CO., Ltd,
FERNIE □. 0.
On first elan
builnen and reel*
dentlnl   propurty.
Real'Estate & Insurance
Croo & Moffatt
Pollock Wine Co. Ltd
Phone 70      Baker Ave. P.O. box *]C'*>
WholOHOlo Import ora nnd Exporters
of WIiiob, Drnndios, Cordlult, Foruhn
nnd DomoBtlc Whlsklov nnd Gins.
Lnrgo stock of Fornot Ilrnncn, Itnlhiii,
Hiniffarliwi and Qorninn Wlnos, nlno
Norwofflnn Punch nnd Aquavit. Iloor,
Potior, Alo and Cigars.
AjrontH for Wnukonlift Arcmllnn Witter, Scullfz Boer and tlio fnwous EIk
Valloy IlrowInK Co. Ltd. Door, drauRht
and bottled.
Spoctnl attention given to famtl;
Our Motto; Pur* goodi- and quicw
dellviry. .■«_■»*t*M*~ J
■ it
I!  -',
_■' '
l'-.i  '
I/.  '
**. ■
» *
A complete. line of samples of.
'■',.' o*
Fall Suitings arid
Worsteds, Serges
.   and Tweeds
Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
»>* -■
Do Braci C-zlonliOn', nalezacych do Organizacyi U. M."W. of A. w Distrykcie
18tym7 . t ■' • ' * . *
. Rezolucyja * Ustanowiona na Kon-
wencyi w Lethbridge, Czwartego Dnia
Sesyi ,'Dnia 26go Lutego (Februa--a)
1910. Roku!   '   i*'
Nowhere in the'Pass can be
■found ** . '
■ We have the best money
can buy of,Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
..and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
■ PHONE OR1 CALL      ,.
■____imn_i *
Galgary Cattle Go.
'a •   i .<•        '■■ Phone 56   ,       ■-
Ferni.-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
First class table board
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
Rates $1.00 per day
R, Henderson, Dining Ronm Mgr,
♦•♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•%
Fernie Dairy
dolivorod to nil
pnvtH of tho town
. Rezolucyja numer 15ta. ■
My wasz koniltefcrekomendujemy ze
nastepujace paragrafy deba zalac'.rne
•w. Konstytucyi Distryktowej -pod na-
dglowkicin Distrykt Ledger. Arty-
kul 20ty. ■*.    -
Paragraf (l).Ze'Distrykt Ledger bedzie sluzyl jako nrzodowy Organ w
Distrykcie ISlym U. M. W. of A. I ma
bye wydawany w piatek kazdego tyg-
odnla, i ma bye srodkiem do* rozpow-
szechnienla wiadomosci tyczacyeh sle
iriteresow Robolniltow pracujacych
przy Kopalnlach, jako I w Kopalniach
wOgla wylaezriie, takze dia publicznos-
ci w ogole.
, Takze ma oglaszac od czasn do
czagn wazne czyhnosci fyczace sie
naszej organizacyi, tak jako ■ gornic-
two, handel nbwiny, zlaczone z koplj-
ami urzedowych cyrkularzy, takze fin-
ansowych sprawozdan, zarazem ma
bye'srodkiem do vyksztalcenla wszel-
ka narodowosc, zjakiej nasza organi-
zacyja jest zlozona, dia ktorych poja-
wlac sle beda artykuly w przewod-
nych jezyltach europejskich peryod-
ycanie czyli tygodniowo.
Paragraf. (2) Zarzad ' od Distrykt
Ledger, bedzie sle skladal z Distryk-
towego komitetu wykonawczego, ktore
beda posiadall prawo najmowac albo
odprawic zarzadce. redaktora, z zast-
rzezenlem ze trzydzieci dnl. naprzod
ma bye dane zawiadomienie, z jednej
albo z przciwnej strony, tyczacyeh sie
osob w, powyszszy uklad w chodzacycli
jezeli zamyslaja jakleszmiany'postan-
owic w zgledem zarzadcy redaktora.
Ten zarzad wykonawczy bedzie calk-
owlcle odpowiedzialny calej organizacyi za nalezyte wydawanie gazety i ma-
ja z pomiedzy slebie wybrac z dolriych
oplekunow, Takze maja za obowiazek
uwazac aby zarzadca redaktor postal;
alsie a nalezyta Kaucyje.azeby kau-
cyja byla zabezpieczona.w odpowied-
niej asekuraeyjnej kompany.-,
Paragraf (3) Distryktowy Sekretarz
jako rhiejscowy.przedstawieiel, bedzie
mial wtydze 1 prawo albq potwierdzic,
albo'^ odrzucic wszelki materyjal jaki
ma bye drukowaiiy. w* gazecie jezeli.
charakteru, a gdzie zarzadca redaktor
bedzie zadal ■ zlozyc odpowiedzialnosc
na niego.     ■ .
Paragraf (4) Zarzadca Redaktor
bedzie mial.peine prawo i wladze nad
wszelka kofespondehcyja, sprawozdan
i' wszelka inna, niateryja, nieurzedow-
ego charakterm to znaczy.'to. co nie
bedzie sie tyczylo organizacyi wogole.
jako 1 .zarzad. organizacyi,' tak samo
bedzie zarzadca mial dozor-nad me-
chaniczna ' robota w drukarnl, Takze
bedzie rozporzadzal z czego ma bye
gnzetn zlozona i '.ma wypelnlac wsz-
elklo inno obowiazkfjakie przypadaja
na zarzadce. redaktora.
Pnragr-Af (5) Jest koniqcznlo pozad-
ano aby urzednlkl wszystkich lokalow
iinijnycli naznhczyly, zdolnego kores-
ponrtemta aby kazdy tydzlen' posylal
wiadomosci mlojscowo do gazety Distrykt1 Ledger i za to bedzio wynadgro-
dssony na podstawlo $3.00 za jedna
szpalte. za tuka mnteryjo czyll wiadomosci jaklo beda przyjeto przez red-
akcyjo, a wrazlo gdy to by bylo zanled-
bano przoz dwa tygodnlo zrzodu, redaktor jest obowlazany zuwladomlc sok-
rotnrza owegb loknlu, 6 zaniodbnnlu
koronpondontn a gdzlokolwiek slo zan-
wa/.y zo bodzlo praktycznem, 1 potr-
zeba bedzio togo wynmgac niaja bye
koreapondoncl wszystkich narodow-
orcI, FrnncnskioJ, ItnllanskloJ, Slowon-
skloj, I innych narodowosci jozykach
w jaklch posiadnja cclonkl w drukarnl
koroBpoiuleonci wszyHtklcli. narodowosci zostana wynndgrodzono jednak-
owo, tj'zy dolary za jodna Hzpalte.
Pnrngrnf (6) Kadzy Sokrotarz ma
dofltarczyo komplotim llslo, czyll aku-
rntnn llczbe czlonkow nalezacych do
Loknlu, wylncznlo rozdzlelnjao Ich wo-
dio Hczliy kuzdoj narodowosci pozad-
nno uby systom kavtowy wzglcdom-
pronuinornty ma liyo UHtanowlony linr»
ty mnjn bye sprzilawano loknlom'z
drukarnl cona ma liyo $1,00 nu rok," za
proiiumornto gnzoty Distrykt Ledger.
, Paragraf (7) Ze wszelka robota dru-
kouania kazdego lokalii, ma bye odd-
ane do ofisu' Distrykt Ledger, a kied-
ykolwlek powstanie jakie nieporozuin-
ienie w. zgledem' cen proszonych za
jako robote drukowania, sprawa taka
bedzie oddana we rece czlonkow komitetu wykonawczego, i oni maja zba-
dac, a rozstrygiiac, czybyla, lub nie
wygorowana cena zaproszona za jako
baelz robote. • ■     '\
Z uszanowaniem (Podpisani) Kresla
sie, *
John O. Jones, Hillcrest., .
Herbert Pox, Canmore
John A. McKinnon, Rossland, W. P.
John D. Harrington, Pernie B. C.
W. B. Powell, President.
A. J. Carter, Secretary Treasurer
Sanders 8* Verhneit Brothers,
■^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ ++*
Do Bracl Czlonkow Nalezacych do
Organizacyi U. M. W.of A. w Distrykcie IStym Ustanowiono Piatego Dnia
Sessyi «ia Konwencyi w Lethbridge,
Dnia 27go Lutego (Pebruara) 1910
Roku. • -   * '
Sprawozdanie Specyalnego komitetu
wzgledem (Compensation) •- Czyli 6d-
szkodowanie w razle wypadku smlerci
lub kalectwa.
My wasz komitet naznaczony aby
wniesc rekomendacyje*, w jaki sposob
ma bye kolektdwan'y czyli odbierany
Compensation, i Liability czyli odszk-
odowanie i nalezytosc, dia czlonkow
Distryktu 18go.U. M. W. of .A. rekom-
.endnjemy i polecamy jak nastepuje.
Sec. (1) Ze Distrykt ma zajac sie i
zapla'cic wszelkie koskta zlaczone z
kazda sprawa (Compensation i Liability) czyli odszkodowanie i naleztosc
gdzie znajdzie sie do tego potrzeba w
razie gdy odszodo'waiiie debzie odmo-
wlone, albo watpliwe,' Takie koszta
jednakowoz beda odciagniete i zat-
rzymane, w razie gdy wygra sie
sprawe, (o Compensation albo Liability) czyli odszkodowanie, i nalezytosc
z zastrzezeniern,' jednakowoz ze'komitet -wykonawczy, bedzie mial prawo
do odrzucenia takie zadania, ze w ich
opinij czyli zapatryjvaniu nie beda
sprawiedliwe, i' ze nastepiijace1 reguly
beda zamiejszczone w naszej Distryktowej Konstytucyi*dia kierownictwa i
obrony naszych, czlonkow. •
. Sec. *(2) Ze Sekretarz kazdej lokal-
nej uhij w Distrykcie' IStym Kazdy
miesiac ma nadeslac do". Distryktu ra-
zem z miesiecznem podatkiem, i na-
ment) takze Scpiec centow za kazdego czlonka nalezacego do Lokalu, kazdy miesiac, ta suma -ma bye odlozoua
na strone,' aby utworzyc osobny specy-
alny fundusz, do walczenla Compensation 1 Liability spraw,' w innych
slowach ten fundusz piec' centowy ma
bye uz'ywany ■ wylacznie, w takich
sprawach gdy czlowilka skaleczy, lub
zablje,' a kompanija absolutnle odmowl
lub nie zechce wyplaclc w sparcia lub
posmiertne, w tonczas zarzad wykonawczy; bedzie obowlazany taka spraVe
wniesc do sadu, 1 stavac sie odzyskac,
odszkodowanie 1 nalezytosc, na to jest
ustanowlony fundusz 5c.   .   ,
Soc. (3) Zo wiadomosc o kalectwle
lub smlecl ma bye otrzymana od mlej-
scowego Lekarza czyll doktora. w kazdej kompie, czyll obslodlenlu, w tym
Dlstrykclo przez flnansowogo sekrot-
arza kazdej lokalnej unlj na formach
dostnrczonych do tego''uztku, a gdz-
lekolwlok nlo znajdnjo sie lokarz, czyll
dokto'r, w tenczns sokrotarz Finans-
owy ma sam wypolnic taka fornio i w
reczyc, czyli oddac kompanlj alo kop-
ije takloj formy sokrotarz ma- zatrzy-
mac ,u sloblo,' aby bylo swiadoctwo na
Sec. (4) Zo Bokrotiirz flnanaowy ma
otrzymac doktorakjo poBwIadczonio
przyimjnmle'j kazdy mloslac dia czlonkow ktorym slo nnlozy w sparclo (czyll Compensation) od kompanlj i tak-
owy w reczyc kompanlj, 1 ma spytnc
nie o akuratna lllosc zarobku w kaz-
doj Bprawlo, tak soino o dupllkat czyll
kopljo jak wielo wyplncono w sparcia
czyll wynndgrodzonla, (Compenflatlon)
w kazdym wypadku, gdzlo bIo nalozalo
w npurclo. A Pinansowy Sokrotarz ma
zntrzymnc u flloblo kopljo jak wlolo bylo z koloklowano czyll otzynuino w kn-
zdoj Bprnwlo, I Ilo wyplacono tym co
bIo nnloznlo w spiirclo (czyll Coinpon-
Sac. (Ti) Wflzolldo zawladomlonla lub
zndanln o odszkmlownnlo I w Bpnrclc.
(czyli Compensation.) Ktore, kompanija bedzie-sprzeciwiala,"albo nie bedzie ^chciala uznac,* i nie zechce wyplaclc, maja bye odeslane razem z wszelka
korespondencyja, - z • dokadnem okres-
leniem i .wytlomaczeniem taklej spra-
wy do Distryktojvego' Sekretarza, , a
Distryktowy Sekretarz ma zawiadomic
lokalna unije,' o kazdej takiej sprawie,
gdzie zawiadomienie bylo dane o od-
szkodanie lub w sparcie. ,
Sec. (6) Ze Distryktowy Komitet.
Wykonawczy ma prawo najmowac ad-
wokatow aby zajeli ■ sie wszelkiemi
sprawami odszkodowania i wsparcia,
(czyli, Compensation i Liability
Sec. (7) Wszelki materyjal jako (not
ysy) czyli drukowane formy do zaw-'
iadomienia kompanij za' (Compensation) czyli odszodowanie lub wsparcie,
tak samo doktorskio, poswiadczenic
(czyli certifikaty) beda dostarczane
przez Distrykt dia kazdego lokalu, i
ma bye zaplacone z funduszu piec cen-
towego, na ten eel ustanowiony.Z sza-
cunkiem Kresla sie Podpisani, John
D. Harrington, John O. Jones, Charles
Gamer, Komitet.
, Sukromny majetok a kapltalismus.
Zkusenost nas uchi, ze pokial vyrobne
prostriedky, (poda, stroje, suroviny, ze-
leznice, telegrafy, bane atd.) za dnes-
nych zmenenych pomerov su sukrom-
ri'ym majetkom, moze len pomerne
maly pochet ludl sa stat vlastnikmi
tychto prostriedkov a ze tleto "svoje
sukromne vlastnictvo" (bezohladne vy-
uzitkovavaju pre "svoje sukromne uc-,
hely". Vsetko, co teda v sutazi vych-
erpavajucl sa Indivlduallsmus cho na-
jvyssi spolochensky poviadok posky-
tuje, je teda—kapltalist a namezdny
robotnik, bohatstvo a chiidoba.
Ale na kapitalisme a namezdnej
praci spochlvajuci spolochensky por-
iadok konchl nevyhnutelne absolut-
nym panstvom, pomerne maleho poch-
tu ludl, ktory su majitelnymi vyrobyn-
ch prostriedkov nad ohromnou watch-;
inou tycli, ktory vyrobne prostriedky
Kapitalismum bolovsem pokrokom
proti feudalismu. , Mzdovy system bol
krokom vo smeru k vymi vol'nejsich,
ludstva'dostojnejsich pomerov, ale len
krokom a nich viacej. ■* Bez remeslii-
ickijchspolocenstiev bol by nas snad
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ 49- -*>
Agents of the Dominion Coal
Co. of Cape Breton N. S., are
at work trying to induce miners of Wilkesbarre and other
anthracite mine towns to go
there and scab. District and
local officers should exert
themselves to prevent them
from securing any men for
A strike has been on in-No-
va Scotia and at these mines
since July 6 with every, prospect of winning.
Don't go tliere and try to defeat your brothers who are
fighting for the right lo organize and better conditions of
employment.   ,
tStay away. Due notico will
be given' ,in,these columns
when the strike is won. Labor papers, please copy,
60  YEARS'
List of Locals District 18
l»nt f nm. til-li
Trade Marks
Ledger Ads Payj
lleavor Crook,
Conl City
... 1
Diamond City
Kdmonton City,
Kdmonton        ,
. ornlo
LIHe   '
Maple Leaf,
Polico Plata
Itoynl Collieries
Roche Percee
.    Ttber
Com-clod by Dlsi riot Socrolnry up lo Mny IhI, 11)10.
V, Wh.mtloy, lUmklioad, Allu,
J. C. McNeil, Ik-aver Crook, Altn, v I'lnclier
J. IJurlio, nolk'vu'o, Prank, Alta.
Jiu.ioh Turnbull, lllairmnro, Altn,
Win, Angoll, Cnnmoro, Alta.
T. Dnrnloy, Conl Cily Tnbor, Altn.
W. Qrnhnm, Colomnn, Altn.
O, M. Dnvlofl, Cniboiidnlo, Colomnn, Altn.
J- .'M'.n, fpr'Uff,   *1<*1
V. K.St. \mnn», Cnrdlff, Alta.
Pat naiiRhnn, Corbin II, O.
Pat Kolly, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo, Alta,
C, F. Luirlor, ir.1 IJollamy St. Edmonton
Hiclinrd ThompHon, I<'razor Flatn, Kdmonton
N. IlollfiRny, 200 Hamilton Bt., Olmonton
D. IIcob, Fornio a. C.
Q. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
J. W Morrlfl, Ilosmor, B. C.
J. O, Jobos, Illllcrott, Altn.
II. Evans, Konmaro, N. D.
L. Mooro, P. O. 113, Lothbrldgo, Alta
W. L. Kvans, Llllc, Frank, AIU.
P. Bonaccl, Mnplo I/caf, nollovuo, Alta.
M. niirull, Michel, B, C
Nell Duncan, Pnsshurg, Bellovuo, Alta.
Oscar Carlson, Passburg, Alta.
Chas, Smith, Royal Coll., lethbridge, Alta
L. McQuarrie, Roch Percee, Sask.
A, Blisw, SlrH'iiCont, Alta.
Wm. RurnwH, Tabor, Alia.
B. Drown, TaUer, Alt*.
J. Rocho, Kslovan, Basic.
ho zriadenia, ktore by bolo snad este
horsfm nez system feudalny.   - 7
Nemoze teda bytziadnej opravdoyej,
svobody, ziadnej zkutochnej spraved-
lnosti, pokial robotnici, ich existencia
a zivot, ich rodin zavisl na milosti
inych, ktory.mnju.len.svoj vlastnl zisk
za vodltko. Spravedlnost jest len
vtedy mozna, ked'vsetci be.? vy'minky,
su v sluzbach ludskej spolochnoctl a
pracujl pre joj najvyssi zdokonalenie.
Zmocnenle sa Kapitalu ludom
Pro lud je teda len jedna zachrana
Ou musi sa osvobodlt. od tjjranovlady
sukromncho kapitalu. ■ Ka'pltal nesmie ovladat. lud ale ludkapital. Ked
to oko sa zda, na cho sme hladoll doslal
ako na indlvldualny mnjetok, v koku-
renchnom boji konechnenovyhnutelno
prepada tak zvancmu monopollstickc-
mu panstvu, potom jo nlo len spraved-
llvo, alo i nutiio aby sa lud stnl spolo-
chne majllelem vsetkych tychto mon-
opolov.    To jo nlo Boclallsmus.
Jedinn nadej ludu. dosahnut pricmy-
alovy a politlcky svobody, spochlva v
znkonltom zmocheni sa zorno, Btrojov
a,.vsetkych vyrobnych a dopravnych
prostriedkov, ktore na hodia k velkovy-
robe, "Hovorlmo vyBlovno"*/,nkonlto
zmocnenle," lobo lud tumozo roblt zak-
dny;1 alio sa mu hodia. Spolochonsko
vlastnictvo vsetkych vyrobnych ,proB-
trledkov ludom vyzndujo BpolocheiiBku
vclkovyrobu, na Blrokom ludovom zak-
lado It urltku a blnlm vsotkych a co
mozno najvacslm chrano'nlm vaelkych
opravnonych zlnBtnoatl Indlvldua (jed-
Inca,) A to doclelit clico domokrnt-
icky Hoclnllsmus noclailBtlckoj Btriuiy
Amorlckoj 1 KanndBkoJ ano svotovy,
Kapltola I
Problem Zlvota:
Jc ml Into nilly obclinno zo povazuj-
oto BoclnllBmuB za zlu a nefimyslnu vno
a zo vn viiBlch nrhlnch bu RoclnllBtl
Iiuillo zloHlnamy nlobo binzni. Vy v-ank
pordsn mnto nlokioro doliro vlnstnoBtl,
A poiinviiclitnkych, nlco Bto vy, jo vol-
ml mnoho, prodHnvznl nom Bl vyiozll
vniu" ouizku HoclallHinu' rtko nnjlopolo
H0111 toho Bchopny,
Vy Kto 7.11 pokrok n honoslto sn nlo,
mnlo, zo Hte rozHiifnym a prnklli-ltym
niiiznni. V imvnlii) hvojoj Hto vlnHdi**
vol ml Hkroninyni 11 vy hii 111 by Btn nn
tolio 11 w-lio iM'iloinvHlii), Itnliy ro/iil politlcky R'clinlcl vo volynch hcIioiIziicIi
tn 11 vii.H toi1 l-nkrnt iioboll pnvcilnll, 7,
ImIid to pochitd/ii, '/,(• mulu tally odpor,
bn opovrzonlo pre VHelky pulio tli(*oi*U',
Nnvykol Hto Hi Dor. noimtiilr- n rnzliod
nym BpoHObom zlndat "fakta" ako nsl
hni 11111 nn jiivlntl zlndii. "Vina,"
Nozo, nilly obclinno, Ji>»tll JhIo iikut-
ochno ro/.Hiifny muz, poroziimlcme »l
Blind volnil doliro, lolio I jn boiii »krnm-
11 y n prnktlcliy chlovelt,    ,lu vurlui tu-
snasat hrozne mnoho biedy°a bezpravia
a jestll vam poviem, ze znam prostriedky, ktorymi sa domozete spravedlnosti
a tyto zeriy a dietky mieru ze zbavene
budu bied, tu isteco rozumny a spra-
vc-dliye smyslajuci muz ma aspon vy
pochiijete. •*,.'.
Keby dom vas mal deravu strechu,
alebo keby vam siel zle obchod, alebo
keby bola v. meste lebo v obel vasej
nakaza a vsetky proli nej pouzite prostriedky zostaly by marne, venoval'by
ste. isle sluchu kazdemu hodnoverne-
mu chlovekovi, ktory by povedal, ze
zna prostriedok k odpbmoci.
Nehovorim, ze by ste len jeho prostriedok bez akehokolvek snazenia a
zkusky pouzil, lebo to by bolo jednanie
nerozumme, lahkomyslne. ' Iste by
ste pozorne yypochul jeho vyklady'a
uznal by ste za rozumne, zkusil by
ste odporuchany prostriedok.
Zavrhnut iden, ponevach je nova, ne-
yedci 0 bystronvrozume. Je to skorej
dokaz nevedomosti. Remeslnicke unie
boby tiez kedysi novotou a osochovane'
tymi samymi ludmi. .ktory zatracuju
nazory, ktore ja zastupujem.' Kedysi
bolo mnoho bystrych, vynikajucich po-
litikov a spisovatelov, ktory tvrdili,
ze zeleznichny vlak a telegraf su ne-
moznostou. Bolo dost ludi ktore rat-
ky, ktory sa smiall planom^ pbdmors-
keho telegrafu.
-.-Jestli ze sa povie, ze niektora idea
jenovou men! tim podany0dokaz, ze jo
nepravdivou alebo zlou. Tie najstar-
sie ideje boly kedysi novymi, ku pr. tie,
ze "spravedlnost a zdravle su draho-
cenne' veci, su starsimi,- ako vsetky,
republiky lebo ako Adama Smitha pro-
slule dlelo 0 "Xarodnom Bohatstvo."
., Mill obcane, jestll chcete myt pojem
0 cene novych idei tak si kuple dobre
dlelo 0 zlvole a vedeckyeh objuvocli
Charlesa Darvlna a iny 0 Jurovl Ste-
Zladam vns tedn cho rozumneho mu-
za, aby ste mnn v tejto veel nochal
stranou,' a podane, vam dokazy poau-
dzovnl len dia ich ceny a zasluhy,
Muslm ale tiez zlndat, nbysto i slam
soba vynechal,'
Jeden zo Btnrych klasikov. mysllm,
ze to bol Pythagoras, hovorll, "Zo nby-
sme. mohll myslet; musinie 'vynat z
tela," to znamena, ze kdo hii *)edna. 0
rozluslenlo znliady.-iieBmleiiio sa nee-
hat vlcst zndnyni osobnyin predBUd-
kqm, ziadnym olilndom nn rozdlol poal-
avenla alobo podobnym vcclain, ale
muslmo pofiudzovat noHlrnnne a vazlt
len dolmzy, ako Jost povlnostou porot-
cov pri sudnych znsadnutinch. (Pole-
praje vsetkych miluje, telo nase ale
ziada vsetko dobre len pre seba same
aj miluje vyluchne len seba same. 'A
preto chim viacej zijeme k vol! diisi, a
chim menej pre..telo, tim lepsie zije sa
i druhym ludom i nam samym.
' Coze mamorobit aby sme zili viacej
predusu a menej 'pre telo? Aby sme
zili viacej pre dusu a menej pre telo,
musime po prve rozumet, ze dusa' je
duch bozi v chlovekovi, jeden a ten
siimy vo vsetkych ludoch a po druhe,
priuchat sa robit to, choho chca dusa
a nie to, cho si ziada telo.
Abysme jasne poi-ozuineli, ze dusa
nasaje duch bozi v ehovekqvi, pros-
pesne je pocuvat opakovat alebo clii-
tat naiicliciiia mudrych a svatych hull
0 torn, clio takekeho boba ako on pre-
byva v ludoch. Aby sme sa ale prlu-
chili to, ko'nat, choh clico dusa, a nie
to, cho ziada si telo, dobre je pri konci'
dna vzpomenut si vsetko to, chim jed-
mail sme' nie tak ako to pozadovala
dusa, ale tak ako to chcelo telo; poch-
iatkom nasledujuceho dna ale chystat
sale tomu, aby sme znova neupadli do
predoslych chyb.        "'   "
Takto by som hovorll dctom 0 boh-
opoctc v nas. ' -
O bohopocte v ludoch ale riekol bych
detom. nasledovne: "Vzdy pamatajte,
ze v kazdom chloveku prebyva ten isty
buh, ktory zije i vo vas, a preto ked
schadzate sa s chlovekom, ktokolvek
by on bol nezabudajte, ze niet vznes-,
enejsieho a diilozlte jsieho na1' svete,
ako to, cho nachadza sa v tomto chloveku. A preto, bars, jak spatne by
boly skutky clovekove, cloveka sam-
eho, ktokolvek by an bol, treba v ricto
mat, ako bolia, a niilovat ako seba'sa-
meho, a prejo chlnit pren to, cho by ste
si na jeho mieste pre seba samych zia-
Toto je v kratkych slovach moja od-
poved na vasu otazku o torn akou moze
byt nabozenska vychova deti. Rad bu-
dem, jestli vam poslouzia k dachomu
tieto moje myslienky.
. , L'eglise catholique, enseigne dans sa
doctrine offlcielle, non seulement 1'ex-
islence.des demons, mais la realite de
leur action' physique * sur Ies autres
etres'. "'
Beaucoup de maladies, etaient attrl-
buees, de longs siecles ava/nt Jesus a
ce que des demons se logaient et s'in-
stallaient et maitre dans notre corps;
c'est ainsi par exempie que Ton* ex-
.vibrant contre les rats, sauterelles,
hannetons, vers et autres animaux nu-
isibles. Elles se terminent .d'une
maniere tragique: "Je vous exorcise
rats desastreux (ou sauterelles, hannetons,' vers, etc.) par le Dieu Pere tout
Puissant par Jesus Christ, soil fils un- '
ique, par le Saint Esprit qui procede
des deux afin que sur l'heure vous
quittiez nos champs et campagnes et
vous transportiez la ou vous ne pouvez plus nuire. De la part de, Dieu
jo vous maudits; diminuez de jours en
jours* en jours et qu'il ne.reste plus
de vous, que ceux qui pourraient servir
a 1'utilito" des homilies. Ce qui daig-
ncr nous accorder colui qui viendra
juger les vivants et les' morts et Ie
monile par le feu! Amen.
Bien que le (liable no soit pas'cite
dans ces prleres on sent que les maiiv-
aises bestiales eu suggerent 1'idee;
d'ou l'analoglo des expressions et
quand meme en contesterait ce rapprochement on ne s'en trouvc pas moins
en faco de proceedes radicalement ln-
conciliable avec la mentallte mod-
erne. ' ,
L'eglise lo sent; habilement elle les
laisse dans l'ombre et ne renonce a
rlen. La condamnation si rigoureuse
des "Modernistes" qui regardaient ces
rites barbares comme purement sym-
boliques i'a bien prouve. ' *
En' racontant ces ceremonies en rap-
portant ces testes, je n'ai pas l'inten-
tion de me moqucr, je gemvrais plus
Tous ceux qui vourcnt lire mes articles sauront bien; que loin de plaisan-
ter au sujet du sentiment religieux je
rcrois tout autant en sa legitimite et
utilite, du moins pour un nombre immense de personnes qu' a celles du
sentiment esthetique , mais ne confon-
dons pas des sentiments qui peuvent
penetrer, soutenir, embellir la vie de
tous les jours avec les religions,positives c-a-d. qui se donnent comme re-
velees et pvetendent justlfier leur au-"
torite par des falts miraculeux, donl '
la critique historique demontre aujour"
dliui le caractere legendaire. SI les
religions positives, disait M. Van der
Velde, nesont que des approximations-
si les dieux crees a l'image de l'homme
ne sont que des expressions du mys-
teio de l'infini le sentiment n'a plus
« ,'..W   IfJll-   1 .'".'li   i.   1.11
./  L lillilt it i,ll)!-
(Llst k Amerlkanovl.)
Obdrznl Bom vna dopls a b potoflon-
im nnsiel som v nom uplno hiiIiIiikiio h
mojiml nazornml-myBllonky v torn, zo
v dotHkom voku, okrom nnjuclilnllvoj-
Bloho vivu nn dotl BObnym pryklnd-
om rodlchov a okolin, nutnn ju jn*« doll
I dlrekliin niibozonska vychovn.
.Mojo iinbozonsko nnzlornnle nn zivot, 1, ktoroho vyplyvn l.mojn inlen-
kn dotyclino I olio, alta rn . byt niibn/.i'it*-
Rim vyrhovn, ]o lakoto:
Holm, diichovny prvopoclilntok zlv-
otn, poziinvnnio jodlno prntn, tn pnz-
navninii lio v Holm 11 v driihyoli lndocl.
A preto Jo Hkiiloohnu boliopocln uioz-
nn Imi w-tonlm hI boliR v tu'lic u' v
druliycli liiilocli. IJctoulo boliu v rfcln"
zn!i!/.l v prodHlitvnvnnl hI 11 drziuil prod
hcIiou fibrnzii nnjvyHOHJ dokniinloHtl do-
bra n v Kimlio po ('liltn vIiu'Iihoih piib-
llzovnnl v hvoJoiii zlvolti k U-Jio ilok-
I let ciilii boliu v builocli nlo znli'zl v
prlzimviinl v liiizdom chloveku toho
Himuilio holm, ukoho poznuvnnio v hoIio
wimy'-li n prcln v Hnalm po Jeilnotii h
knzdym clilovokoin, ktornz Jcduoln
niozo byt iilnonn jcdluiiit ItiHkou.
Himti-nluc- v liiki'llo bnhnpocln pod>
HtiUit VHiiltovoho iinliozi.-iiHlvn, unzilnin
1,11,   /.*)   lllixlltl)   Ill-tllipilUil   Uiu',-;   <t   iu.t
ochnoHt liiiponujo ml vlni-oj, nko tic-1 ))yt VMt*'povnim I dolom.
pliquait~la~foTieT Jesus dTapreF*d'eiF
seignement orthodoxe possedait la science parfaite, et vonait soulager, de-
llvrer l'Humanite; pourtant 11 ne,. fit
rien pour l'eclairer a ce sujet.* C'est
qu'en realite il partagea ces idees sup-
erstiteuses que des lois furent con-
siderees comme une doctrine sneroo.
II est-raconte dans l'Evangilo, que
sur. les* bords du lac de Gonesarelli,
,Te?.us l-encontra un "possede"—on real-
lie un pauvro foil, vlvant dans les
envernos sepulcrnles des environs, ep-
ouvantnnt le pays par des acces do
demence fiirieuse pendant lesquels il
brlsnlt liens ot chalnes.
Jesus"rintorroge: ".Ic suis Legion,
repohd-ll, car nous sommes plusieurs,"
Si tu nous chnsses lnlRse nous onlrer
dans ce troupeau do pores!" Un trbu-
poiiu de deux mille pores pnassnlt dans
les environs. Josus lo lour permit
Los diables sortaent do I'hommo'enirer-
ent dans les pores qui Balssis a leur
tour do folio bo prccipltoront. tous (-11118
lo lac. Kpoiivantos. Iob * habllanlH
Hiipplleront Johub do quitter lour lor-
Barbaro logende, mnls qui mont re
blon quolloB otnlonl Iob croynncoH dans
lo mllloti ou l'cgllso prtt nalBBiinco, ot
co n'OHt. qu'un oxomple pnrnilH quaiitl'
tea de fnltB analoguon. AubbI Jcbus,
trniiBinbt-ll a hob apotrcs lo pouvolr do
clwiBHor Ioh (lomonH. Cost co quo
Ton nppello "lOxorclflor", faire des ox-
orclBmos; aujourd'hul oncoro nvnnt
d'etre ordonne protre on o»t loujourn
ol'donnpr "oxon-lBlo" ot cos
d'oxorc'mtofi," do cbnHHoui-H do dlablos,
Iob protroB, non contnniporaliifl Ioh ox-
orcont, Jo iii'iibHtlcndrnl do cltor dns
ciih oxIrnordliuilreB, Ioh oxorclHmcs hoI-
PnuioiiH lea corcnionlfB du llnptciiu-
tnlloH (|ti'oll(!H h'oxooiiInnt (|iiotldl(')iiio-
mont dniifl Ioh okHhob. I.o prctre f-oni-
inonco pnr Houfflor IrnlH fnlH hui- Iu
vIhiiko do 1'onfnnt. on dlHnnt: "Soi*h do
cot, ('iifunt,' oKjirlt Ininiondi', ot , fnlt
plnco 1111 Saint Kfiprlt"; pulH tiviint do
nii'llro In nol mil' In I11111411.' ih- rcnfiml,
11 ll Holll'llllHHl (1'lUI CllllHHCI' h' lllilllll! OU
1. k iIIiiIiIoh: ".In t'oxorolHi', cn'iitui'i'
nu nom do Uk'ti, In I'li'i' tout I'iiIhhiiih
pur riiinour do Nol rn Siiuvi'iir .Ii-kiih
ClirlHl cl In forc'i iln Saint KHprlt. J<*
i'iixoi'iIhh pur In Dli:ii vlvuni, pnr 1"
Dli'ii vrnl, pnr In Dldi niilm!" •■! di- j Hi'
iinuvi'iiu, Hii'loiiiiiiuit vi'i'H I'l'iifuiii; ! nt,
".!■• I'l'Minliu- iHpilt liiHiKiinl-', nu iiiiui
du IVrc,   du    . Mm cl du H11I11I  I'Npi'H
lll'ill (|l|(l III HOI'll-K I'l Hi' I'i'l ll'I'H dl' I'i'
Hi'l'V'llnUI* di' Dli-ll,      l-i'llll l|IH' tn llllll'
luiiudc iiiiimlli diiiiiin', c'l'M .li'hiiH. qui,
iiiiirchn Hur ton onux du lac* ci ii'iulli
lu iiiiilu n IMmiti' i'li trnln il<* h'v ii">'-
or!" ol uno folH ciicoro nvnnt de v*«r-
titlt    (•'llll,    II    ••Mil* l»f    II-    (WU nl     ,i-    >'
ii jiji tiinl b* di'l.:in'!i".-<i'r iV- iox\t ""■
jirll   liiiliintido
Tie:n~"d F^Minn^rtrrrvec" 1 etiogm e~et— j a—
pensce libre peut se reconcilicr avec
la religion." Mais voila co que n'ad-
meltons jamais rortbodoxte, catholique
nl' aucune autre orthodoxie. Jamais
elles n'accepterbnt ce perpetuel con-
trole du bon sens,* de l'exporienco, de
la science et de la critique sans lequel
le sentiment religieux degenere promp-
tment en superstition et fanatisme. Car
11 en est du sentiment religieux, force
morale, comme de l'electrlcito, forco
physique; solon lo mode d'cniploi, blon-
faissantos ou devastatriccs. "Pero
Je tne perineural d'esquisser la facon donl sont traltos les ouvriers*
dans certain elini-bonnage des environs
do Liege Belgiquo.
L'oxploltntlon  y  est pousso  a  sob
dornleroH llinites et depuis un certain
temps Iob ouvrlorn ne Hont plus assures de gngncr lour Ralnlro normal. Kn
offot 11 Riil'fit. do la inoliidro peccadillo
pour qu'on les nniwido, lo fait da man*
gor leur tart Ino oiisomblo 011 do rov*
enlr nu jiults quclijuoR mlnutcB trop
lot pour excmplo, el cependant,c'est
le travail n la tacli'o qui Kovlt.     A co
propoa un incident bien oaracteriHtlquo
H'PHt. produit Ioh jours dornlorH.     Lo
chef mlneur avait reneontro dana la
mlno un clmrrotier dont   lo chovnl
trnnsplnilt, "Voub avez fnlt courrlr lo
chovnl?" queBtiona-L-11.    "Cost oxncl"
ropondit, l'nutre,  , ".In dols m'y reH-
oudro ji.our ncconipllr loute In besogno
pouvolr I Blnon jo BUblralH uno ainnndn ot, mon
Hiilniro obI deja trop Inflnio,"
Co riilHoniioniont no iniinqunlt do
loglquo. 11 n'.dKn'ii pourtrint pan nu
chef mlneur qui rru devoir frappor
d'uiii! nmniulr- et rouvrlnr ol. lo Kiiinln
(jul l'nccoiTi]inniiiilt.
C(>lti'„pi*(>i)cc.iipnlion do In Htuito du
oliovnl iintiHH(> lo chef tnlneur, niiiiH
quo 11 n-t-ll pour Ich koiih In coiiiihIk-
criiilon qu'll 11 pour Ioh \wton'! II 110
H'nnii-iil pirn qiiniul II voll Ich ou'vilci'H
iriiiiH|ili*c|", il nc nn (III im« <iua .cdu
null cl 11 li-ur siiiitc cl n lent' vie.
("CHI l|<H' li'!-. plllmilH mil plun d'lii-
lei el 11 Klinler Ull ehcvill ('U'llli nuvl'lt'i'.
I'll Hicvnl "<icvc", c'chl line pci'le
Mm lin |inlll' l-'i iiilliilllilill'cH. Un OUV-
I'lcr "llUHl" clilcvc preinilturellielll ll
III   Vie,   II   rll'.IHe   (III   HlllMrilvilil,   ell   lie
iiii-, 11 riini-ei|iii'iii i- |iiiur lc pal roil-
Ln   I'l'iinde  iinncc  iln  receive  ere.*
Itiir Ic ilcvcliippeineill   ilil  enpltiiliHliie
flllllllll     III)    l-i llipllK llllt     cl     pill"    <*'c'*t
N'oioiiH ImitcfolH que hI Ich mn'rli'i'H
Mi\tllcUl     h'cllleilllic.        11;'    llOIII'I'llicllt
I'nli'e cliiiiii'cr h'H cIiohch;  Hh pourrnl-
i'lil iintiiliillii'lil iiHtt-cliidie Ich pntioiirt
burn hiim incHliuioBin nlobo tn nnjkrnj
sin roc lt.       /
V tychto p'rojodnnnlcli budonio nn
7nmiiRtnnvnt len « ncvvvrntltflnvml
HkutoRliuoNtniun ft no NlrJoxllvym io*-ii-
mom n Ja odvolnvnm Ha na Vah zdrtivy
rozum a clt HprnvodlnoBtl, ktoroho nko
tin ml vldn, mnlo vlucoj nozll Rchopno-
Hil vldlet v dobo volobneho liojn dnlnj
od HVOJIlO VlllHttHlllO noun.
Mom 2n to, hi vy, cho rozsnfny n
practlcky muz, bol by Bto rndaoj, aby
no vnm vodlo dobro no*H tlo, abyHto ta
vaso namahy a pracu obdrtnl nnle/itu
n spravcilllvu odmonu, namlotto skro
mni'lio a hlrdn-oho odikodnenn. Dom-
nlvnm sn tor., *« oho ludomlly clovok
nechcete. aby im trpoll, moioll sa im
pomoct a Ich B«!o*itatlnt a utrpenlu ur-
oblt konM.
Dudcmll dokaiovat, to sto podvad-
cany a iud-*ny «'-ami lm a tvlast slab*
dl«vky, teuy a mule dietky, m tnunla
Hon il" I'litnlvi*! mil  1cm* cut  ndrctsnee
Cn  qui   Hlllive la  Hit- ' d'lllie nitllc  fitcoii  que pnr It!  iledulll.
Mysllm 11 70 skusc-nnHtl vlom. ze dell Hiifidnn chnpu n nrliotne prlplninlu
tnketo liclionln, nienovlto JeHllI v loin
in Unti,ii,ir\ 'fnvrlni-lii un vnelkfi ticbenle
o liohopocto.
Vatopovnt dfitom luto bohnpnetu my>
Bllm, mozno takymto apoHobonr.
"VHotcl vlomn,"—-povodul bych detom—"zo notrt-hn nlkomu ubllzovnt,
nntrnliii nlkohn odRiidzovnt, */.e treba
l»yt ho vHotkyml dobyrm, vsetky in dobro print, vsulkych inllovut, 11 ze Joiitll
tnk cblnlme, toda liudo dobre l druhym I nam samym; a prodsa rha-Mo od-
BiidKiuujemo, jodlno soba inllujeme nl*
ebo tycli, ktory nas mlluju, a kid lft)<-
to zljcmo, to spntno so vodl I nnm.
Prscho Js to?
Btava so to preto, ponovach hatdy t
nas zlvy Jo \ duson I telom.     \wna
nlch neilada pr*s a«b. aamu. ale vcet-
kym, VHctkemu na tomto svete dobre
nut ion, c'eiit  quu tout  colli ho dit  en
Uittn. •
Autre pun*** vriiluieiit preliiHlorliiun
du memo Uilual K011111I11. Co hout den
priercH du mjlc te plu* iiiih, w \iw-i.
MiiIk 11 fuui pmir celn que |en ouvrlerH
filhhi'Ilt Icill drH*!r, i*ilc I'linlnli .-elt
IIOllc   mule,   el   l|l|c   UUtlc   (l-vltiO   Mill
"Toiih iiniir un, 1111 pour toil!*."
I»lt    ,IHI,i«4
Impossible  to   be Well
It fo impossible to be well, simply impossible, if thc
bowel* arc constipated. You must pay attention to the
laws of nature, or suffer thc consequences. Undigested
material, waste products, poisonous substances, must be
removed from the body at least once each day, or there
will be trouble. A sluggish liver is responsible for an
immense amount of suffering and serious disease. Ask
your doctor about Ayer's Pills. He knows why they act
directly on thc liver.  Trust him.  7Z.AinrCt>.,uu>*u.Mmi i ':'''\;' y
-. - *>.     <x- '
I*' '
TH* DftlTr-tlCT LBtMWK, «J«NlsL   B. C. WAY 7, 1»1d
-£ .-igK.c:' -i'."'; u ^^/^<"A■^ga.^-^y^y3SS^^--;J^.a^^rJ^.'
'Some tragically inclined individual
is quoted as saying "See Rome and
Die,"\6urs.ls "See Elko and -Live." ■ .'
J. jl. Atberton has. accepted a posi-.
.' tion ,■ on the Nelson . News staff and
left for Nelson on , Sunday.—Creston
Review. v ''
Mrs. W. M. Walton will receive at
" the Rectory   next    Wednesday"' and
Thursday from 4 to 6, and hereafter
■ every second' Thursday of the month.
Pastor Spidell will preach next Sunday morning and evening at the Baptist church. Morning subject "Peace.'
-Evening subject "Defective Hearing."
There will be special music at .the evening service and a hearty invitation
is'extended.   ■
Regular'Church of England services
will be held in Christ Church next Sunday, the Sunday after Ascension. Morning prayer and sermon at 11 a.m.
Evening prayer and sermon, at 7.30 p.
m. Everybody cordially invited to the
services.     Rev. W. M. Walton.
The well known firm of Kennedy &
Mangan are now completely installed
in their new quarters and are ready
to transact all business in their line.
" They are located on McPherson avenue close to the G. X. depot. All orders will bo attended to with more
despatch as tliey are in a better position than heretofore.
Excellent ndvice from various writers is to the effect that one should
study the geography of his native country before going abroad, in other words
you who live in Fernie should obtain
aii appreciation of the scenic beauties
in the locality by visiting them, wliich
being translated, meains "Go to Elko
on the 2-llh'of May."
An addition to our exchanges this
week when the first copy of "The Kootonia He-raid"'wns discovered among
the morning's mail pile. The editor
of" this publication is D. AV. Hart of
Baynes Lake, and the object of its existence is lo attract attention to the
fruit lands they have for sale between
Baynes Lake land Waldo'on the Great
Every preparation is being made to
attend to lhe great influx of visitors to
Elko on tbe 24th. Excellent meals
obtainable at moderate charges, in fact
the committee of arrangements have
assured us that the only possible disappointment that is beyond their con-
trol.is the rain and that even tliat they
will make an especial plea to Jupiter
to reserve for the day following.
Some fair catches have* been made
around   Rock  Creek ..recently    with
Black Gnat; March Brown and     the
Professor,,but as there is' every reason
' to expect changed conditions in   the
state of the streams would strongly
recommend our anglers to get   some
* White Whigs in addition to those mentioned.. Any fishermen wlio have   any
' dially invited to "drop a line," to this
office, and not only will we put them
on the "hook" but will "serve" them
to our readers.
'   Mr. Bautier, the manager of the new
Roller Rink   wishes to say that the
rink is to be run on tho lines of'largor
rinks throughout B. C. and other'parts
of Canada.    Any person under the in*
u fluence of nny intoxicating liquors will
be ejected from the hall, not to return
again,  also objectionable    characters
need not apply for admission, Instruction will bo glvon to ladies nnd gents
in (lie afternoon session from 2.30 lo 5
starting Monday the Oth;  no \istnic-
tion given  in the evenings.     School
children under lho age of 12 years will*
,be admitted overy0 Saturday from JO
t.o 12 o'clock for ten cents including
use of skates,
The Store of Good Values
You will save money and in addition receive
the highest quality of table supplies if you ailoVus
to provide your table supplies.
Three lines of Canned Goods specially' priced.,
for Saturday Selling.      ■     * * -V
3 Lb, Tins California Apricots .; 20p!
2 Lb. Tins Preserved Strawberries 15c v
2 Lb. Tins Preserved Plums 10c
We can supply you witli tlie Finest „nd Sweet-;
est Albertn Creamery Butter at
35c Lb '
If you have not yet tried Jtidgway's 5 o'clock
Tea a delicious surprise awaits you.
We want you to sample it-at.our expense, and
for Saturday offer this regular 60c Tea for the low
price of -
45c per Lb
Clean .your chimneys and stove pipes with Soot
Destroyer. No trouble,, dirt or annoyance. Regular 20c" per packet for Saturday selling
10c per packet •■-'■•
-    * White Star, True Fruit Flavoring Extracts are
acknowledged the best. We place'them-within* your
reach Saturday at an exceptionally low price. Try' :
them..' "        '        -
2 oz Bottles 15o   - ,
4 oz. Bottles 25c       .    .
.   Royal Household Flour is thc best at any price,
but our price, notwithstanding is lower than what
inferior grades in many instances are sold for
5Q Lb Sacks $1.75       100 Lb; Sacks'$3.40
A Bargain for Saturday; Table and Cooking
Onions:     ■ .;      _ ' :
.   - 8 Lbs. for 25c    ,
■   l,\   \':
■\ '      i
y't- -*.''■
A special Saturday, offering in Curtain Muslin3 .
and Nets that should appeal to the good house-keeper." A Point d 'Esprit Net with lace insertion and
edging.     A fine Book Muslin with heavy Cluriy-V
Lace and Insertion.    AlsoMadras Muslins, mpret-7
ty Floral and Solid Patterns all ranging from 36 to
44-inches wide.    Regular prices are 35c to 50c per
yard; for Saturday your choice   , ,
... ,.. *, 25c per yard      ..   ".' '■ '■
..•_:•( •«.
We are showing and invite your inspection   of,
tlie Chanticleer Collar and Bow, thenewest creation
"in Ladies Neckwear.
If'"": '.- " ■:    '
V            ' * - fcl   ,    ' (l
'■•,   '';■'-,      	
7*7 : W,e have placed-o'n sale all broken'lilies of ^Ladies Shoes and Oxfords in Blacks and Tan's..,'" The
.assortment comprises a full range of..sizes and'is all
new spring stock. , The regular prices runfroiu $2
.to',$'3 per. pair-and the early shopper will secure the'
best selections'and'values. , To be cleared'on Sat-'
urdayat -   ■ ,;-     * ■ '..,-."
■',yy.y    . ■ •-.   $1.45 per.pair- !   .'  V >   *;
^mimm:^ ^eeqial f^
-*. -•', *\, .- /.
{.< V - -   ■■
\Faney -Mixed--^ 7$
7',7 .",--,'      \?.-t•'.;■*''> <.•■'■■'-'■;,■""■'.-. :*   '.•■ ■  j.'\>.:- • .• •'          :■ "*
Premier Baking To wd'er.reg. 25c   : - '"-:.",-. 20c ..-I
-•../"..-.Premier Jelly Powders reg. 3 for 25c   "- 4 for 25e -'ly
i4:- ''.;',. ■■•*   '•    '-7 " .."-*.*' '*-'' :.t'-7'-7"- -.-"i.-."' .-•>;   -,      ■*<■-'   '-■-.. ' *,/
W. J.   BtUNDEXX      Give tis a call
We handle only, B. C. Pure Cane Sugar for the-,
reason-that it is more   economical,   consequently
cheaper than any Beet or Chinese Sugar
20 Lb. Cotton Bags $1.25
, T^bo,little.room, and too much stock is the rea-
.-so'n. for. our knifing the price of Wicker Arm'and
Rocker Chairs at the opening of the'season. .To
move-J,his'line profit has been cut to thc vanishing.*
point, so that it'will more than,pay you to purchase"
■••your Verandah or Wicker House Chair at this special price offering
".... \\il;i'K    . '.'■     ,$2.60 to $12.75   '    '
For 50c. or More
With every'purchase of 50c or "(more you,are-allowed the
most Liberal Percentage ever given in Fernie,. and be-
sides that you are supplied with the BEST in GROCERIES, and the same applies to Gents' Furnishings; of which
my ambition is to buy the Best in the Market.
For Saturday
Lettuce,  Radishes, Onions, and   Rhubarb;  for the  best,
■ *'*   procurable try • ■
I  The
The' Cash Merchant;       '  ''"
Opp. Post Office'j
"- *  'An extra good quality Canvas Working Glove
for Saturday selling    * •-■'*„    ,- ■ ,,-    -*', -
Four pair 25c-
SUITS   and
and' up made to your/measure^  The"-.
•  latest New Yorlcand English   ;
*- ; 7  Cloth and Styles,' ''. .   y' y
DAKFTHR TTTTV/T'. Rooms 2*and 3,-The' A. Beck Block*1
Advertise in the District Ledge.
Hot tea or coffee served nt Ingrams
pool room,
Always randy: linm sandwiches nnd
coffee nt Ingrnm's.
If you aro n particular pmokor got
your nmol-.es at Ingram's.
Just tlio thing eto-ly in Dw morning
or Into at night: a hot lunch at Ing-
Thorn is no uso tnlklnR. tho spot to
buy your funilturo nnd stoves Is at
tlio Trltos-Wood Co. Ltd.
Ho you know thoy hoII rofrigorntors
—yes sir, und thoy nro cheap at tho
TrltosAVood Co, Ltd.
Kggs for sulo from puro bred Duff
Orpington. Apply T. Kyniiston, DIock
107, Annex Extension,
Fashion's Intost In millinery nlso a
largo iiBHurtiiioiii of clilldron's hats
and bonnets.    Tho Mlssos Kulor.
Kor Salo: flcven fresh cows, can bv
Boon ut Matthow TulIy'B- Fornio Annox
noross Hocrontlon Qrouiuls. >IOp
l.utost Htylos in Ludlns Wnoli Hultr.
Just arrived, also flno hoslnry, Imml
hitgii und glovos.    Tho Mlsnes l-^nlor.
Hulloy's Comet Is coming, so nrn tho
flics, Dott/ir get screen lloors and
window HcrnoiiH nt tho Trltos-Wood
Co, l.til.
Hoime for Halo with 2 lots lu Wont
Pernio; f. roomed limim?, water. Uu-
ijiilrc* of 13. Iluriii'i*, MolMiorson nvo-
Kor sale: CiiIiIhikh plnus r»0r jilt ioO;
euullflowLT tl pur 100, also vhubnrli
rooiH nud strawberry plants. John .Mo
Lachliui, West l-Y-niki, .j;ic
For Knlu: A lot r>0xl'l2, all cli.<iir«-d,
with a flvo renin Iiouho, nicely finished und painted,' completely furnished.
-» • , ,        1 „ r 1
t   ,1,       '....tl-      ...      Ht.I        kt,it.      M*     tJ.fl.VUU4     KM!,..
9,1", l.y-ir,!-,, Uo*n(V",i,.n*n IMnr-V:.
It Is koIiik to bo pretty lint. How
nbout hnnihoo filindcs for your verandah. Tlioy lmvo Uietu lu al! sl/.us,
und ii.o prlco Is the smulli'st thing
ill-out  tho unit the Trlli'H-Wood Co.,
To Lot: New seven room house with
up to dato plumbing fixtures, corner
Victoria iiv-iiiuf' and Davies street,
two blocks north of (he school. Heady
for Mny 1st, Apply .1. M. Lodger
For p.ule; Uh-.tli'-.rlj n_u, Jl.r,-!   pot
dozen, fltrnwborry plants $1 per 100;
fnbliBK**-    nnd    laitliflowcr     plant;!, \
miily In May.    J. Mcl^tlilnii,   West i
Fernio. HI.') i
Two ncrei of land. ! 3-< acn-n tk-ar-!
ed, house Mxi'O thr<'0 board, stablw 14 * ^
x]4 'i siorey, chicken house 14x12 ftlso I v
ilir.t board*-,; Vfirw \t£& ,'dolliirK; j J
I'.aAi (inAii, ViitUl>i.u lit I*iii tiioiiVlm, Aii*** g
Ki.nilqtAft..-.-.r.«-   * ■-...;.--■;:   .:J.
Grand Opening, Bruce's Hall
Saturday   Eve,   May  7th
— 7.30 to 10 o'clock —-
Wurlitzer Band Organ Music
Reserve Your Skates.for Saturday
as they are limited
Admission 10c
Skates 26c
The Kind that
Oi_ n^i j
„____________ ___m___mm__^________________,____„_______________ ^
Is the Heintzman & Co. Piano
Many othor Pianos vory ofton como back
on fix** dealer's hands again and there's
a reason for it, Wo havo novor yot
had a ninglo piano rotiirnuil.awd there's
a reason for it,   T.of»ic i« lo^in.
ii';-'"-- '       M. W. Elley, District WTgr, " fi
Styles That Aie Different
Of course, Fit-Reform Summer Suits are entirely different
from any others you will see.
The ftyles are distinctive, because they are created by the
baft desipner in Cnnndn who wot! \ only for Fit-Reform.
The patterns aie distinctive, because they are selected at
the mills and confined to Fit-Reform      /&%}$£*
alone in Canada. $/^
^f..,,   •,■.   ......    .t ,.,,-.   . — -i..........,,   ^n.v      wee**
tviu   uLv    iuk\>    vn,   Ii(mw   *-*.>.nfc4t 1 i-ki,v»»  4)ij_       <•*•••
when you wear Fit-Reform garments, *$% REFORN,
May we show you the latest arrivals
in these elegant Suits > 8
^^■♦l^;..    ,• fJlBfytmrnf
.1 u. -TihaJ-^fia^^^
 '--»•"•   Solo A«enl**-Htt'FeYmV-—»-«-
,tv-a*   *m *. xv-?*. ,«it
t    ,..., w^**\*.-.r„ t
Wood Co.
.*i f
The Store of Quality
Quality in goods is the main feature
of every good business house there-,
fore Quality is first witli us
and then Price.
Cut Flowers Saturday
. We havo a large consignment of,
Carnations, &c,, to arriver Saturday
morning. Sunday is Mother's Day
and everybody will wear a white
Carnation or somo other appropriate
flower on that day,
CARNATIONS      fcflp  Hn7
In Assorted Colors  , ClUli   J/UAt-
Saturday Specials
Orangei, large and juicy, regular 80c per doz., Saturday
lip rtttf Hnrcn » '
Rhf.rrlff''* Mnrmftlnrti'.',
7 Ub. Tina, regular $1,00, Saturday  ........00c
4 Ub. Tlnu, regular tit, Saturday ^ SOc
2 Lb. Olaat, regular 46c, Saturday  .3Bo
1 I h. niNRR rfnulxr 9f>r., ftnttirrinv ?0e
Bananas, Tomatoes, Qrape  Fruit, Orangei.
Freeh Lettuce, Cucumbers, Radishea, Qreen Onions, Parsley, Rhubarb, Spinach, Asparagus, Eto. :
* t ■


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