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The District Ledger 1910-04-03

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:,prov. library i   ' .Juae,30,08jv ..„..
;   ■  : i. ^-.r^- ■•'-" '■ ■v--,~: '""    -  ' ' '
; ' .    .   \* ' fi*r.\-
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.l^-^^KJtW'i*-^   "1,'**r '
Industrial Unity is Strength
Tbe Official Organ of District Ko. 18, 17. PI, W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VCMUIV.   No. Ofe <k
FERNIE,   B. C,   APRIL   3rd,   1909
$1.00 a, Year
•;■£-« i
I * iiglit of Judicial Enquiry--;Startiing Revelations and
[        Loose Methods in Accounting—Case Still
1       "   On and Other Surprises Expected \
| The case of H. G. Lockhart came up
"for hearing on Wednesday last. Mitch
jtiine was taken up by bantering between S. S., ,Xay,lor, for defendant and
)-. P. Eckstein,5 p'rosecutlrig torHhe'Relief committee. Several'technical objections were made to the manner in
JivlUch'Mr.' Lockhart.had been-'Klren-his
'-freedom-* The- auditors-employed - by
JLockhart had gone over the books on
Jils, behalf.       '       ,	
| ExMayo'n Tuttle';, was*" a jwltness; and
Imparted1*the" startling Information that
lie was not aware in what state, If any,
the,bo,oks were.being.kept.   ...  , ,-   ,-
- ■** "". ' ~ON THTJ11SDAY '
(''On' the resumption- of the* 'Loekliart
. case on Thursday morning Mr. Eckstein
objected .to 'an*' order of Magistrate
Whlms'ter's to bring the J1500 deposited into 'court'.', 'He argued that' the
court had.not the jurlsdlclon to make
such an order-. He felt that his worship had -,not been sufficiently Informed of thejfacts or he would never have
thought to make the order "that he did.
The $1600 was not deposited as ball,
but to' cover monies alleged to be missing. It had been reported that there
was a shortage„of $900 and $600 whicli
was» now, found credited to Fort William. It'was also ascertained that
the Fort William 'amount was under
< Calgary heading which was an error
In book ''keeping.* Mr. Lockhart,
through his friends deposited $1500,for
no other purpose than to stand for
any monies that might be missing. It
■was now found that $900 and not $1600
vwas missing. *.. He brought with him
a cheque* for $600 payable to Mr. Lockhart and his solicitor. *' Mr.' Lockhart
had stated through his solicitor that
he would bear all expense In connection
with the .enquiry., The Relief eommit*-
' er might not llko to stand for this promise. He still stated,.that his worship
had'no Jurisdiction with regard to'the
$1500. Mr. Taylor In reply asked If
Eckstein'was present when Mr. Fisher.
made tho arrangemont with" regard to
the $1500. 7  .   , "'■„•'
Mr. Eckstein said, he was not present, nor for that matter was Taylor.
,-Mr' Taylor,.continuing, said/that the
money was only put up to obtain the
releaBO of Lockhart; Was It not true,
he said, that as soon as the $1500 was
put ,up tho chief of polico .wired,, to
release prisoner, , and ' ho' .would ask
that the telegram bo produced.
Mr. Eckstein satd he absolutely refused on behalf !ot'his'cllonts-to allow
tho matter' to bo disposed of by this
issue,i.     , , f   ; i i .
Mr. Taylor asked that tho $000 be
produced,       ,,.,,.      _ . . ,
, Mr.   Eckstein  produced  llio, ohoquc-s
' payablo to Flshor and Lockhart,   Mr.
Taylor: said' this was accepted without
prejudlco  with   regard' to   tub "-other
$900. ' ' '    ' '    ' * • '' l
■ Continuing, ho said, ho- Intended * to
bring the matter of the monoy to the
attention of tho attorney, general,' who
will noon sec about it.
', Mr, wckuteln enld that this, hot,* air
dlil not tnko any effect with hlm, lawn's
Ulio putting water on a duck's back,
Ho could lnko It.'to tho'Attornoy Gonornl nnd bring all tlio guards nnd Imprison, all tho pooplo ho tal ked. about,
There wns soma, further nrgiilng with
both lawyers.'"
And Men  are Working at Fernie,: Michel and Morris-
seyr-Company and* Men in Harmony—Contract
Signed for Two Years-Will Rush Work
7 ' .>m.'MANSON
Mr. Tnylor thon proceeded to erosa-
oxiutilno'C, *I3'7Mnnson. ' Mr, Mnnson
said lie wan mnringor of the Homo bank
nt tho tlmo of the flro nnd wiih also a
member of tlio oxooutlvo commlttoo bf
tlio Belief fund, niul wan treasurer,of
thnt fund.
Aaked If ho lind lopliod ovor, hooks
hnd pnpiH'H with regard to thn nl log-Mi
short ago, ho snld ho hnd Homo or'tlioin,
Mr. Taylor, continuing with tho nrgu-
liient, snld referring to'tho onsh book,
you turn up tlio Calgnry nmount. |3.-
nOO, On tlio debit iildo of tlio ensli hook
thoro li tho.amount, Cnlgary $2000 de-
hlted. Tho nmount thnl wim In lho
cnuli honk nt,tho time was $3500. ITo
wnntod to know whoro It showed thin
cnuli hookas being In tho hnnk nt tho
time. MntiHon snld ho did not know,'
On doposit slip exhibit 1*1 lifl, round
that on A ii glint 2-Sth wa* wi'Ktdtt f.SOO
nnd tn tho handwriting of Lock-hart-.
JIo rupllcd thnt lie did not know,
Asked If It did,not look like Lock.
hnrt, ho did not know, ISflOO wnn the
m-timl •oibscrlptlon from Cnlgnry, ID,-
SOO wn* tho Incorrect amount. Htrlutly
speaking, ni a matter of book ki-oplng,
lio Hhould hnvo postod the correct niii-
ount. Thli wee whoro tho |000 wnn
short, If I.ocklinrt Btolo tho $000
then ho ox potted It In lho in out glurlntf
manner posslblo, *<.
. Mnnson replied yen.
«»>t,U«.*.r»t-*>' V.-—* L .        -*■*
ror wan $000,
, Taylor: You have gono over tho cunti
hook, and n* a matter ot fact you only
find 1870 shortage, and not $000. If
you checked over nil tho Itemn on thli
book with your deposits It In moro
than probable that tho 1870.08 will ho
Ml'lMf'-tlli,   V*'iiU>(   !»l"*I.V*tt _   Vw Iti.uKl    »**.UV»V
errors made with retard to the $870,.
0$ he lind not accounted for In thn de*
flclenoy of the Calgary error. With"
regard to |17MS of thin made up of
four Item*, vli .33R; 15; $25 and $24.18,
are cheques which lie cashed out of the
cash In hand. . Instead ot turning; over
tho cash l.t turned over tho ciuU to
cheque* and paid them which la Just \*
The $25 Item he could not find de«
posited. He eould aleo not find th*
|t« the Duke subscription. Munioit
laid he would look If e. ITO deposit
wa* made. Aaked If tho Duko dcpixq
It came In Dominion KKpreia order*,
ikitW tlmy wyuM arrrve, ho'MM tiwf
would come In $l«, and $2i.	
11 Taylor continuing: Rosedale did not
pet two subscriptions of $50, only one,
but Mr. Lockhart entered lt up twice,
aerainstjhlmself, so that: as. a matter tt
fact'* he relief -coirimltee' owed Lockhart
$50.    , .    ., ;
' With ' regard . to $25".1B, this was Mr.
Carllsle'S'.rcheqiio',deposited . .for' cash
supplies sale.- He found it not ln deposit, but in the cash. He admitted
this looked clear. You say we are deb-
Ited'^with j tlie "sunV.ot' $71.65 because
you-cannot find that we.'deposited the'
amount.- This was turned over to
Mr.v.,Webb and.deposlted% by him next
day.... There was ,$300 ln that.draft.of
Banff' subscription whereas;, It was
$371.05'*''A' new' draft was "made out
for 171.65 and given to Mr. Webb. Admitted this was correct. This reduced
the amount by $71.65. The next item
was .$116. ,.' You>.say, this, should be
charged because not accounted for. You
havo given a cheque, exhibit 16, full
particulars,, viz. $75, $38, $3 and $1. If
the |3S came in cash lt would be with
the cash. • The $2 and $1 were ln the
donation column, but could not be
found ln tho deposit book. Taylor
stated that a lump sum of $11142.28 In
cheques and cash was turned .over to
Webb, and these Items could be with
them.   '      .    -
Manson: Either one of the other.   *'
Tarlor: So: that it does not actually
mean that he took this.monoy. Lockhart actually turned over $11142.28 to
Webb, and not $10138.35 as shown,
which Webb admitted yesterday, and
thero wass ample, room for the $116 to
be amongst this." This brought' the alleged shortage -down^to $632.87.
Tlie $75 item In the $116 was the Le-
duo subscription. The "next11 item that
made up .the,,$870.08, was„,a $10 item.
This.was the, Davey, cheque and • ,was"
havo given tho relief fund credit for
thatj but it was not on'the deposit slip
and he could not find It., The James
Davey cheque was found ln cash book
oh page 10. ' Tho ,bank would be $10
short of. cash If they 'gavo credit for
this,and did not receive it.' •" ' "■'
• ■ Manson said'it would be so.
Asked-lf his bank was short of this
amount on the particular date- he said
ho did not think-so. Taylor said'this
wnB the apparent explanation of the
$10.00 '     •   -\     ' y   ■
*<t_.-( SIIOHTAGK    _
, The $25 appears ln the cash .book hut
does not appear to,have,boon deposited,
This was cash paid by Pat Hughes who
hnd assistance to buy a tlckot to send
his wlfo back.
Mnnson said ho did not know whether
ho had assistance or not. Continuing,
it did not appear as a separate Hem on
tho. deposit slip,'It .wis-In the lump
oauh.   ■       », ,      . i , ,
Horo followed a.lot of.argument be:
twoon .the lawyers. ,,,
'J'lils $25, If It was cash, could have
been in'the' cash turned over, and not
nccossnrlly unaccounted for.'      ' '
126,40—This Is refund On account ol
Clilof Macnougnll, transportation nnd
wns In tho bulk cash turned over to Mr,
Wobb. ■,    .■
Supplies, $318, $7.75, $2,B0, $1,50 $2*1,-
CB^fTft.OB, $20,CO, $220, $122,53 amount-
lhii to $800.18 'appenrlhff on tho*'List
pnrt'of tho cash hook and in Loek-
hnrt's own hnndwrltlnK. -".akln-n* cheque
$1!!2.53 from this total leaves $077,05.
Tlioi-a nro Horns found In tho cnHh hook
Hint nro not found In thn dcpot-lt'elli.,
but which may ho Included In tho lump
mm of cash turned ovor to,Wobh. mu
nn credit taken fnr, by Lockhart, Tho
$1'*2.63 nH shown on dolift side oCcafc!'
pnKo 15 wnB a puruluiHo mndo liy II,
Cnrllslo of thin amount who Kavo h\*
choquo for It., Tho auditor hud put n
blir X on oholi Hldo. You two this on
•llio L-iiHli book turnud over tu MivWcWi.
It Ih thoroforo out of our (monnlnur
Tho.ronrtor must.hoar In mind that 11
Ih oouiikoI who In oxplQlnliiK and Is not
tlio ovidoneo of wltnoimoK. This ohoquo
liml novor boon dnpnulted by Mr. Wnlih
hut ho hnd loKt'lt. Ho nirrood thnt Cnr-
HhIo owod tho commlttoo tho mi in ut
$122.63 nnd could he called upon pay
nnmo, It wn«i lout hy Wobb with
othor i-ii'-pri*.
Jlofnro jirncpi-dlnK It mny ho uh woll
til loll rondiiiH Unit Mr. Cnrllulo pro.
diiotiil tho choquo In tho nflnrnonn tn
HhrtW that nnmo had honn pnld AiikuhI
211 nnd rooolpt nlvon hy Hhanloy, nnd
olioquo ondnnod n* liolnu paid tnto (ho
Imnk, »o reader* muit not havo lho
erronomi* Idon Unit Mr. CnrlUlo atlll
owes thn nbovo amount.
Taylor eontlnuliiM* with wltnem: Thin
In tho InHt Horn novo on ono the dohlt
Hldo nf llm on»li hook whloh Mr. Lock,
hnrt tiirnod over to Mr. Wobh,1 nnd It
ihould bo another Item turned, over
to Wobb. The amount of tho alleged
uliuriagu v*«n itttx, «ii/.#l.i, il»«i. '••
UPP.-l'?. The $4t»«,42 wnn part of tho
IHO*. 18 whloh Horn ahown on folio 10
of cnih hook would ho monl»» received
from •uppUet ahtxwn In euiiplles atorett.
Aekbd hy Mr. Taylor, whether ho —
Mnmon—thought he had been dealt
with fairly and that hia evldenco had
not boon twlntoo, Maimcm aaid xntxx. Hit
thouirht he hnd been fair,
Aaked whether ho wai lallifled from
the crom examination that thero waa no
jiroof that Mr. Lockhart took the mo-
noy, Manaon «ald he could not »ay that
there waa any direct proof.
In the croiv examination of II.  II,.
Webb, late -secretary of the Relief committee, Mr. Taylor aiked Webb where
flhanley and Webb trot tho money   to
build a home.
Webb aatd they earned It.
Aiked tf flhanley wee llvlnif -with him
lie laid No.
Aiked as to Ihe amount !nv«it{i>d by
Ithttnlfiy In the hem*** he »/»ld *h*t he
did not know.
The, agreement is settled—as far as :Fernie and Michel are concerned—and peace and harmony
once more-reign.   . *     * ' '        ■ _      <. '      '«
This will be the most welcome hews that mechants and citizens'generally have heard for some
,time. The vote was taken at Michel, Carbonado and at Fernie yesterday, and the result was as
follows: '■••■'• *. ,.-...,..
Fernie ''.ii;
Michel 7 v.'>
Against   Maj.
195      169
288      171
2   ■.;
66'   °x64
'yy  ■'■   ;     ;';;'    ..,   "•,,.':..,'' Majority for 286.      ' ...; .^
'• .'   -.-^ .:   .,< ., ,0      ,  x Carbonado majorityiagainst.    „
' "The result is .very satisfactory, as it settles the matter finally for two more years at least, and
"that will'mean a lot'to the Fernie people, especially in view of'the, terrible set back they all received
last August,    . ' '  -^'-7 ,.'.';''"',
Rumors of the wildest nature,were afloat on Monday night. , Some had it that the agreement
was settled, others that .an immediate strike .was ordered, and again that the President bf the District
had forbidden the men to sign as the agreement'was not satisfactory. Of course in the almost fevered state of mind of some ,of.the merchants,and others these rumors were'not to be wondered at, but
on enquiry at Tho Ledger office all of them were assured that these reports were nothing but gross*
exaggerations. . ' . , ,
,   ,~~ AT A STANDSTILL    iy '',
Business of all kinds has been at a standstill and the merchants have suffered ever since the first
of the year as the miners and others have been holding on tight to any ready money they had for fear
of a strike, but now order will return, and with it and the spring rush the citizens should be reward-
ed- , ' -. "    ' ■' -" v*. -'• "": '*     .   " •  .    ' rf, '
*= The most noticeable alterations in the new agreement are,as follows: The general working conditions at Michel have been altered, which will mean much to the men, as the hew conditions will enable
them, to make more money at their jobs.   ..,     , °
At Fernie the timber question has been,altered, and "-in, future all timbers will be delivered at'.
No Satisfactory Conclusion and as a Result Men are Galled
Out-President Sherman Charges Operators with
Lack of Faith-General Tone of Contract
Submitted Full of Loop-holes
• •*•****••••••-•
• — .
• '
• •••••• •• ••*•••*
Tlie fulloiiliiK telt'Kriim waa
iU-N|iii(clK>it tu nil the loonl h've-
ri'tarleN of (lie iiiiIoiih miller the
•jiirlxilk'ttoii of tlie WomUtii Conl
Oiierntorii AnHOclntloiii
P,  II.
A.   J.
**c The pay day arrangement has been altered also. In future when the 15th of the month falls
on a Sunday the men will receive their pay on the 14th, which will be Saturday, instead of having
to wait until the following Saturday as in the past. This of course is only a minor change as the
incident'only.occurs about twice in.^a year. "",'",.,
The handling of coal in chutes which has been a source of grievance ih tKe past, will hereafter
be done by the company, which will mean much to the miners'.
The backhand question at .Michel "will be decided by a ballot vote, and then company is willing to
abide by the men's decision. * ■     „ •       -
The agreemnt generally as outlined.above and below has been amended to suit the prevailing conditions as seen from time to time by the' Company and the" Miners officials.
In regard to the checkweighman the Company agrees to hand over the amounts deducted to the
Local Secretary*   ' In the old agreements the company held the money that was deducted from ths
, men.      '' *.''.-,,'■ ■,■' ■
The Dockage clause has been altered. The old clause called for a dockage of 28 pounds per car
whether containing rock or not. ' The'new clause calls for a scale on dockage which has provod sat-
isfactory wherever tried. ■
;   The.holidays havo been altered so that tho Monday holiday after pay day will be done .away,
with, and tho following will be the holidays: '      ,.,..', '
'. New Years Day\   ., .May 1st.. .
May 22nd at Fornie only 'Victoria Day
Dominion Day Labor Day
^Thanksgiving Day   ''*''•' District and International Election Day.
....." '       Christmas Day
The tool sharpening clause has been altered to read as follows: All miners mining coal shall pay
;to tho company 50o per month for tool sharpening,unless whon on make up. The Timbering clause has
beonaugmontedby tho following: Room timborB shall not bo ovor 8 inches in diameter.
All timbers used to be paid at tho rato of $1, now tho levels, inclines' and slopo timbors shall not
bo over 12 inches in diamotor; anything abovothat sizo will bo considered heavy timbor, and will bo
paid for at the rate of $1.50. . ..,,'.
Tho Bridgo Timber clauso in tho old agreements was not specified, but as it was an old custom
it was adhered to by both parties. It is now Bpooifiod in the now agroomont. Tho miners now havo
a ront list of tho houses and shacks, tho prico of wator, elcotrio light and coal dolivorod, also all supplies arc specifled.
' Tho following clause shows nn addition which will moan a groat deal to tho minors in the future;
CHANGES IN THIS AGREEMENT: To bo binding upon tho company, any ohange in any of tho tortus
of this agroomont must bo mado in writing; signed on behalf of tho Co, by tho Gen. Mgr. or Gon. Supt.
and a copy of tbo samo furnished promptly to District 18 U.M.W. of A. and also tho Socrotnry
of tho Looal union affootod by any suoh change, No mine manager, overman, firo boss or othor foreman
shall be authorized to vary this agreement in any manner,
Tho Maplo Loaf Oo. of Bellovuo and tho Canada Wost Coal Oo. of Tabor havo withdrawn from
the Wostorn Coal Oporators Association who do not appear to bo a very happy family at this timo.
Tho voto of tho camps of tho Wostorn Coal Operators Association has not been givon out yot, and thoir
agreements will not bo signed in thoir prosont form, A mooting of tho oporators association was hold
at Macbod on Wednesday but broke up in short order, aB reported elsewhere •
Maeleod, .Vita. March 31.
LeivlH  Stockett,  Enq.
Pre*.  Wcntern Conl Operator* Axxo-
-    ' elntloni
Deur Sin I hen to Inform you* Hint
the workmen employed by the WeHterii
Conl Oiieriitorw nxKoclntiou fu their vnr-
Iouh liilneM, coke ovcim nnd outHide
nlnntH have been lnxtructcd to HiiHpcuri
operation)* nt thc expiration of their
flKrcemcut until Hiieh time iik n KntU-
fnctory n«rcement In nrrlvcil nt between DUtrlct No. 18 nnd the coinnnn-
lex   cwmiirlNlitf*;  your  nNKoelntlon.-
We nre rendy nt nny time to enter Into further licKotliittoitN upon the Hue*
n« Ntnted by me to-dny while In conference with you.
Yourx truly,
l'rex.   DlMt. Xo.   18  U.M.W.   of A
After the amicable settlement ln the
mines at Fernie, Michel and Carbonado, it - was though*", that the ■ trouble
was settled7"b"ut—"some—fears—^vere"
felt In regard to the. meeting yet to
take place'' at Maeleod between the
Miners and the Operators association.
The news came to town Dw day
after the meeting commenced f.l;a: a
strike.had been called on all mines
"in the" Association^ " '-
When President Sherman was takon
sudtlenly'ill at Maeleod at tho assembling of the second meeting* of tho joint
convention at Maeleod, .Vice-President
Galvin assumed direction of affairs on
behalf of the men. An agreement wns
negotiated in which was mado provision for the open shop and the old (lis-
crlmmlnatlon clause was included.
A voto was taken, but, out of 2100
men those in favor wore> only 700 In
number, leaving tho situation doubtful In the minds of tho offlcals.
In the meantime however, the
Crows Nest Pass Company of Pernio
severed connections with tlio Oporators Association, and Manager Hurd and
tho District officers camo to an agreement, which is hold to bo tho best ever
obtained, nnd lu which (he open shop
system is dono away with and tho
dCHci'lmmtnallou clause is alRo eliminated,
President Rlicrmnn was In town on
Monday and signed up tho local agreement . That dny wns tho first lie hnd
honrd of the r-lniiHOH in tho ngroemnnts
with the Opr-rntora nHsocnltlon, arrlv-
od nt nt Mnclood niwr carried by n
Hnuill innjorliy In tho cnmpH,
Uo thought bostto Tiialto nn effort lo
bring iho other companies to     thti
same, stand as that takon by the C. N.
P. In regard to closed shops and the
dlscrlmmlnaiion clause, and so refused
to sign the agreements with the Oper-.
ators. .   , *   „ •    '
,On the meeting convening at^ Mac-
leod Mr. Sherman very plainly told
the opera.toi-8 that the only agreement
they-could consider would be one based' on the terms arrived at with the .,
local company.*
This ended tho meeting abruptly and
a striko went into effect on the lst of
April, involving some' 3000 men in ,the
following mines: '
Hosmer Mines    ° .
International Coal and Coke Co., at
.. Western Canada Collieries at Lille  •
and Bellevue.
Hillcrest Coal Co. ,.
Leitch Collieries, Passburg   ,
Alberta Railway and Irrigation, Co.* '
Lethbridge.      - ,
E. P. McNeil Company, Canmore.
Pacific Coal Co., Bankhead.
The mines operating independently
The Crows Nest Pass Coal Co., in '
this city, Michel and Carbonado.
The Maple Leaf Co. of Bellevue. .
,, Canada West of Taber.
Canadian-America Coal and Coke Co.
of Frank, which has since signed up.
Agreements are practically concluded with all theso. . tl
The organization of the men was ne-'
ver better, and they are prepared and "
ready to stand by their leaders.    The
fact that the local company signed so
favorable' an agreement, and is, recognized as the strongest concern,   gives,
the men considerable leverage in demanding an equally good working contract from the Operators Association. ,
Tho Oporators Association at     one'
time was an organization of     some
has reduced its strength numerically*
to a lamentable degree. * The fact that
the local company is rushing improvements and work generally while   tho-
companies tied up in the Association
nrn  having  their  mines  grow  green
mold oh .hem" speaks volumes for tho
courage and'farsightedness of.the'officials of tho local company in drawing
away from such an organization.
The idea seems to bo woll founded
that tho Association Intended lo uso
the Crows Nost Company, to bring up
trouble with the men,-but the management refused to be used as a cat's paw
and wished to do business with tho
men on a fair and equitable basis —
which they have done.,
The position of the Miners Organization at tho present tlmo Is this, thnt
Inasmuch as tho oporators of Alberta
havo always desired to follow tho lend
of tho Crows Nest Posr Coal Co. In
thoso matters, and nlso In common
fairness that all coal operators which
compote In the samo market should bo <
subject, to the snmo ngroeim-nl, embodying tlie conditions of labor, etc.,
and thai the minors of Alberta will not
submit to any worse conditions llinn
tho miners of British Columbia hnvo
nlmody agreed to,
In Ignoring tho Lemieux conciliation
net nnd onl-'i*ing n striko without first
invoking Its offices, tbo mlnorn renll-w
that prosecutions will probably follow
Inn. ihey will tnko tho ciiho to lho Pri-,
vy council on tlio ground thnt tho lnw
IS   UIICOUKlllltlOIUll,
"ilai Hlmnl-'y mom invi-nit-d tn
Iiouho limn .you?"
Ho, WiM-ili, hnd nbout MM Invented In
the Iioum but lio did not know how
•mii-rh Hhnnli>y hn-1 In It.
Uo wnnt.-d to lrnjirin» thin upon 'JViy-
lor.r ..-■-■:,
Aiked If Shanloy Imd about ftlQ, ho
waa net cirlali), „ ,."   <
Coun««l wtta a little angry over tlions
repllei "Don't know."
Ho Mkeil Wobb If he wan led thom
to o-tll-iv-i Mint n Mir limine like the onr.
tbey  had  would  ooit  only   flso    to
buna.;   '
Webb tftld in reply thnt lie did not
know how much the houie. had coit
It wm then WebVe turn to be a
little an-fry and be wanted to know
what bearlnir theiie. (lueetlona had on
the oaae,
Teyltxrr "A let; there 'Waa t»0» atoleit
before the'end of Septemlier,"	
Mr. Taylor, an cwuiiMel ior LucKlmrt,
Mnde tin nntirititUiu which Mr, I.Vkxl-: In
etMt-<1 wiih very xerloiie. Ho mukkchici!
that muni-ono hnd been tamperlm* with
papttrM, nnd would not produci* tl.*'in
when  cnlli'd  for by Looldiiirt ntul  IiIh
iiiatl^t,   V, niiAHr*.
lie nuked Webb If ho knew uuythtiiu*
of the orlRlnal plnclnir of the Calgary
letter* aoknowlednlnir receipt of money on Mnrch 10.
Wobb told ho knew nothliiK nbout
thla. * ', " ■
Taylor nnld the letter* had been nuked for by Menere. Wlillnmu and iMih-
hart, but eould not be found, but whrii
UlM   two   KuUUull'.tiH   w ma   u,   i;iku   lu
in«et Mr. Taylor Jn connection wllh tho
cane tbey wer« put on the file,
Taylor alto elalMl Ihat Uiure wore
other paperi.
Reketetn again called attention .to
\h**e •trl-Aui charto.
Taylnr ealil If the mlatlnr balancp
heet eould tie found that I-oekriart *av*
ill  W'r.l.ll ull  •!•!,.*.■ illi.ll.H i I'll' «.'.'  'J,.*.* ,',',*..**-
ry In. would r-'r-t bin cnc-i-. entirely for
guilt or Innoconco on that particular
Kcketidn mid If i!i» |iii|>«r hud been
lomi  Uk.'V  Iuul  th-" ImokH nnd nnntlHH1
Thn   ttxre   Im   villi, prdc-fudliiK.
8unday 9ervlce
On Sunday morning In tbo llnpllHi
church one of the vlHltiug inlnlHtbi'H
will occupy the pulpit, After tin-
Hi'rvic" the onllntince of llm Lords
Supper will bo observod nnd tho reception of now members.
P. Burnt Co Again
P. IIUI'HH iiiiiI Co. hnve iiiii'clniHeil
the Porter Ment. Markets, two In Vie*
torlu, and two In Viiiipouv-t for $:10».-
OOd, This gives the Hiirnw eoiiiiuuiy
mnrketH In evory cf-nlrn of lirltlH-ii
Columbln, Albert a ntul the Yukon,
Was Delayed
Mr. Mi.'Diiinuld, the auditor who
went over (ho llellef lino Its was to
havo been In Pernio on .humility nlidil
having bct'ii called Irom Hpolinne, but
on nccouni of n wash out on lhe (', V,
tnu'l'H lie wiih not nblo to be priwiil
until Frlilny night nnd will be on Hie
witness Htnnd todny,
Great Extension
We nro Informed on mom r«ll«bli'
nutliorlty thnt the Oroat Northern hnve
"i _i"'i" ii'""i"V '    '"' .'.i"i   V""''ri.  I'l'1   *,r,r*   ■*•'   l*-i»itutiri  ttWI   MMMjllrtlliicm
of InHMInp bntwenn Mlehel nnd f!nl-«„., r,.y\\v,.,\ \\y ,„n ,..enernl rMlef f"v,"
I1'' '" '""'' '"  mltien.   He   It   therefore   noted   ihnt
happy evening was spi'iii by all. Mr,
and Mrs, llrooks left for tliolr now
homo nenr I'oiikc, Sank., on Mondny
evening's trnln. nnd the bent wlshi-n of
n large clrclo of Kcrnlo frli-ndH go
with them,
Board of Trade
Tho Hoard of Trndo in their meeting on TiioHiIny night admitted 12
new intiinbei'K.' They decided io hold
n Ki.'uil-innmlily luncheon and HUggest-
Ioiih lo having tlm LimIIoh lli'imvolent.
society provldf the lunch were put
forward. All enteilaluuient ciiuiuillleo
wiih nppolitieil lo attend to Uiln nintter.
A I'omiiilttee was npiioluled lo draft,
n hi ioiik I'.'hoIuIIoii to the Donilulon
goveinment ro tin- pout off Ire, A re-
Mduilon from iln* (!iiiiii» Piotecilnu An-
Koclatloii was uilopted. The Hoard Im
going to adopt n iniblliliy i luusti In
their now hy'lawx.
Relief Committee
At the bint nifi'tlng of the genenil
vi'llef coiiuilltic't a KiilH-ontniittee wum
appolnt'il lo ltii|itiri- Into all ripiiilta-
tltuiH for relief piiNt and pteHent with
gnry. Thin will Indeed bo good nown
uh about, six hours will lie cut off between Cnlgnry nnd hero by this route.
It will nlno opon new fleldn for traffic,
He witM^m
Mr. O.  S.
The Firemen's relief socloty held a
to-voting on .ifondny nnd lho followlni?
offleora wero elected:
Chief McDougnll, pr^nldent.
Aasl-itAnt Chief Wilkes, Vlco pre*.
J. Lowe, troaemrr.
T. n. How.len, nocrdary.
Tbis very laudttblo atoioclatlon la
formed for the1 purpose of helping the
members who receive Injuries white
linhtlng fire.
Itosri wlslms It ii't-Jt-i
stood that ho has withdrawn from tho
Team Owners Association, and hns
Hlgncd up with tho teamsters union for their schedule of wpgea. Mr.
Hohh elainiH that nil of IiIh men get
over rtlie union scnlo now and nil nro
nnflsfleiJ to work with Ihrn, He mi«r-
KchIh that the Teanisioru union do
luminous with nny team owner independent ol I tie Tfiuii owner* iiiiiioeiiilloii,
Nuptial Notes
Miss Wllh niggs, e!de«t daughter of
Tom UIkkh. was married Inst Hnttinlay
evening to Mr. iJiwrenco llrooks. The
Rev. I. W, Williamson -performed Dw
ceremony. Only the Immediate friends
were pn-»«-nt.    A \ery pleatmni  ami
the following peroti am recinlred to
<-all and »«•»» Janirs l.«nrnst«r at (he
Co-operative store any afternoon during tho coming week for tho purposo
of unprdvfni** fun her informntlon: .inn.
Lyko, A. Mader, M. Mjuiciixho, Sum
Mnrspo, J. II. Mnmhnli, Wm. McMer-
mltl, Rnm McDonnld, I). M. McLennan,
A. W. Melntosh, 11. Menchnni, Lnko
Mcadorsonei, Mrs. Millor, P. P, Mil.
ler, M. MilllKiin, M. Mlllnrd, John
Mills, Mike Muxliigun, W. Mynnnan-
sky. H. J. N'olll. Wm. Nellls, And. Pn-
lemon, Marten 1'eiernon, II. Pierson,
Mrs. Mary Pltrnuh, R. Koscuzil, Mrs.
Price. Percy Price; O. Qunltcnii, C3.
Haver-nil, John licgnet, Jmnes Illley,
Steve Hangnla, Win. fiellnakl. f!eo.
Sclioror, Joe. 8<>drovis. N. Scrwn, J.
Shearer, D. Hmall. Ig. Smollk, John
Vanlslk, h. Ventura. George Vincent,
tleorfr.o Vine*. A. Wallace, C. \V.
Walsh. J.  Wodegar, \\°,  M.    Zolon- PAGE TWO
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-   '      ''- * .-        "4 J*_* t Ur t )"■      'f St      "U -,  J     •"
' -V\
Conducted tinder the direction of "Proletarian"    .;
'                                                                    i          ,'*-               ,    r. ,          .          ,              ,'.*,,.              .        <-,,      .  .    ,
,        Address all matter for this fiage to "Proletarian" District Ledger
■-• '-
■    '
It has ever been the contention. of
Socialists'that the social evil, like intemperance, is a by-product of Capitalism, and the relationship between morality and industry is very intimate.
There is no evading tbe hard fact
that the low wages of women workers
tends to aggravate the evil, and, yet
, so-called reformers shut, their eyes to
the causes and in dealing with the effect demand "segregation" and the
building of homes for fallen women :.
Tlie Rochester Labor Journal has
launched out with a strong article
that hits home. It says:
"If the church people are to remedy
the social evil, let them commence
right In their own pews, let tliem advocate fair wages to female employees,
let them preach decent surroundings,
let them tell the women of the church
•to perform their whole duties as
wives and mothers and not give their
husbands excuse for seeking sexual
adventures-. Let them impress upon
the minds of the captains of industry
> who may grace the front pews that
what they visit on the daughters of
tbe poor may some day come to their
own, daughters. Let. them preach
against the lying-in hospital and the
concomitant, the assignation house foi
they are but mile posts on tbe road
to the registered domiciles that arc
affording us a problem that is hard
to solve.     Lot us begin at the bcr\m-
■ ning anu strike at thc very root of the
evil, instead of wailing and lamenting
on the better method of curing after
the paLient has reached such a stage
that, the influences of religion are
negative, and tlu, robntlor. of tie love
of the Creator seems like a mockery.
.If women are not led astray you will
not* have to solve the problem of their
housing aiid regulation as a purchasable product."
To be considered "radical and soc
ialistic" tn these-days, is to be considered progressive—even respectable.
Time was when one ventured to remark that ,cthe municipalities should
own the water; traction and light fac-
• iiltles was to.be looked upon as a dangerous character, a bomb thrower—
women hurried their children from the
streets and peeping from behind 'window curtains, speaking with bated
breath, would say: "There goes a Socialist " *
But times have changed, and the
idea of "municipal ownership" along
with the different provincial and national government acquiring such public utilities as mines, railroads, telegraphs and telephones, is met with
almost iinivorsal approval, so much so
one Ib inclined to endorse that statesman who remarked: "Wo are all Socialists nowadays."
This idea of "Btate ownership" Is rapidly gaining adherents, and those
small business men who aro slowly,
yet suroly, being crushed by tho great
trusts, can seo a chance to stave off
the inevitable, in the cheaper transportation of goodB over government rail-
roads, lowor rates for tolegraphlc
and telephonic communication, conso-
quontly they nro becoming radical —
und socialistic.
In England, "the, ultimata aim nnd
""object," of tho Labor party Is Btato
socialism, and an the government thoro
already owns tho telegraph system,
the telophonos will pass Into its control in u year or ho. nnd oven now tho
taking ovor of tho British railways is
under consideration; so "State Social)-
iBtn" Is within roach and thon—Utopia.
Hut—that awful word "but" Ih this
much vaunted "State socialism" so de-
Hlrabla nftor ull, considered from a
wago (MirnnrH stand point? In Franco,
Germany, Italy nnd other count Hon,
"government ownership" Is already nn
established fact; the majority of rnll-
roads, mlni-H, and other public utllllles
nro owned nml operated by tho slate,
yot, strange to say, those cpunIrion
nro iho hotbeds or rovulutlounrloH who
mo ilt'leuloiiH oiKitifili! to call thotie
nolves SoclnllHtH,
When tho change from private capitalistic property to n eoiuiltlon of being Htiite-owued Is Hindi-, ll Ik expect-
od that tlio previous owiipi'h shnll be
fully compensated and the mnrki-t val-
ito of the property be pnld for mich
Now capitalist Industres are operated to one end: the rieriimulnlloii of
"profits" or u return lu llm shape of
liilornHt on llio capital InvoHted, ni\d
one might say thnt the average   of
' . M I 1 II',    ,n,.l|,,|     |n
Ijjn ii.k   it..im  u..   ...<-    ..•......,   - .., I.,..   '.
A rn'v pent,  ■
Lot im suppose that thn Cnnndinn
peoplo, no doubt Influenced by thnt
gieut. gioup of economists who most
do congrognto In a collar lu Vancouver city, suppose, lot uh sny tlio Can-
tlillHtl pi'OJilu vnl.nn-i'i U> uwtii.iv  "a.uic
Soclnllsts," nml its a first slop decided to buy out the C. P, II,,
In tho (list place thoro is not sufficient money In circulation or Htoiod
up In all the chartered blinks of tho
government treasury to purchase one
half of tin: C. P. U.*, Hccnndly, »ht«
being so, the "soclnllstc government"
In ordV-r ") "rnlfip iho wind" would be
conjielled to ndvfiiice securities nnd
the only serurlllei thoy eould offer
would bo tho ability and willingness
of »h« workers ut Canada to produce
values tliut would enable tliem to pny
off at some remote period the principal
l>ui lu Un* meantime there ?onld "Mil
havo to bo paid t' per cent interest
same an before.
So you can see that under "State
Socialism," the exploitation of the
workers would go on as before, and
more so, for the delusion of "ownership" would hypnotize them and the
bondholders now removed from even
a gambling, chance of loss, would be
more firmly entrenched; they would
be the real government and of a more
parasitic nature than before; they
could make and unmake government,
tbe position of the workers would be
even more precarious as every strike
against officialdom would be construed
Into an action against the government
—high treason, an da large number of
the workers would be well found, perfectly trained, armed with the most
up to date weapons of precision, ready
to move against the unruly miners or
railroaders as the occasion called.
This so-called state socialism is
not socialism at all, but rather the logical outcome of evolved Capitalism,
and was foretold some fifty years ago
by Engels, the great Socialist, he did
not call it State Socialism, but State
When Spencer sounded his warning against what he-termed "The Coming Slavery," It was this evolved form
of Capitalism which in his mind's eye
he mistook for Socialism; he could
see the greater powers the government
of that era would acquire over the
workers who would become mere
automatons, tabulated and drilled until every spark of individuality was extinguished. '*• f  ■
The real Socialism • will come
through the intelligent uprising of* the
hitherto despised'proletarian class,'the
class ■ which possesses no means of
subsistence except by' finding a market where they can sell their ability
to do thing and to make things' '
, Such'a movement of this some proletariat is in existence and is international in character, it has broken*down
geographical barriers, destroyed racial prejudice, and thanks to the capitalist class is armed with science and
philosophy which their masters taught
them, but at the same time pronounced the death sentence on the capitalist
scheme of things.
Tbis movement.' is called Marxian,
and accepts as its own, philosophy the
teaching- oOIarx amfEngels •~its~fiTS
dameiilal principles are "the law of
surplus value, the materialistic conception of history and tho Class Strug*
gle." ,  '     ,7
The law of surplus value as applied
to wages enables the workers to uiv
derstand how they are robbpd;, it demonstrates that society is divided into two classes, the exploiters and the
exploited; the materialistic (as distinguished from tho theological) conception of history enables the worker to
Interpret tho.trond of economic events
By this class struggle the worker Is
taught that the whole of history hns
been a series of class struggles, and
the many classes which hitherto existed, aro dwindled down to two —capitalist and laborer, ono of which muat
disappear, preferably the Capitalist;
thon wilt be Inaugurated, not a government of porsons resting upon force,
but an administration of things— nn
industrial democracy—Socialism.„
Thore aro ninety and nine that worlc
and dio
In want and hunger und cold.
That ono may revel In luxury,
And be lapped in the silken fold!
And ninety and nine In their hovels
And one In a palace of riches raro,
Thoir labor has mado tho wIldornoBB
Tho foroBt boforo thom falls,
Their skill has fashioned    stately
And cltloB with murblo halls.
Hut the ono owns the city and tho
homos and InndH,
While tho ninety and nlno havo onip
ty hands.
Hut tho night ho dreary and dark
aud long
At last, shall the morning bring;
And over tho land tho vletor'H hoiik
Of tho ninety und nine Hhall ring,
And echo afar, from zone lo /.one,
Rejoice! for Lnbor shall havo   Ub
own, Hoso I. Smith
we made poor progress. We drove
away the men we most needed to
make us a power, and the capitalists
only smiled, at our weak three ' cent
ekcuse for a' political party which
was to overthrow capitalism * and on
its ruins build the republic of the
We don't insult men now ln order
to get them into our fold. We don't
drive away the man who happens to
have a good suiti on his back. We
recognize modern business methods as
the growth of centuries, and we have
adopted all the good In them, and
have eliminated the evil.   •
In other words, wo have our feet to
the ground. -Wo have ceased to be
simple dreamers, and have become
practical political workers.
And slnco we appeal to the people
and In their own way, we attract them
and they listen to our message. Not
only do they listen, but we are making them think. Just as a showman
attracts a crowd by appealing to different people In different ways, so
have we Socialists made way*for the
more practical way of reaching the
people—lately so hard'to reach. Years
ago ,it cost us a good, many hard earned dollars each vote when we figured
it up after-election.  •
Now, bless us, we are beginning to
make "Socialists at sight." I mot a
judge of' the court lately, who said,
"You fellows are on the , right road,
just keep at it.". A "few years'; ago
this man!would have avoided-us. You
see we. have become respectable:' Our
vote does not. even show the sentiment for Socialism. It is'greater thin
any Socialsit dares to estimate.' ' ,
Among the business and professional classes especially, for they howl,
and howi good'and hard when they
suffer, and tliey are beginning to suffer and to think. And we appeal fo
them now.' 'Our message presents a
hope to them as well as to all of'the
I don't believe' in sacrificing principles; or in fusion of political trading,
but I do believe in adopting modern
business principles. If we select "a
state' secretary' and pay him a salary
let us get" the 'best and most efficient
mau for the place. , Pick your most
Make.your meetings business like
and into.siting. Make your committee
numbers small; , Make your message'
plain and simple so, that evory person
can catch it. If you can get better
results out of haty meetings, adopt
Diem, It may pay. Don't take a referendum every time your secretary
buys a postage stamp. Elect a'man
you can trust, you have the power to
remove him for cause.
Tell the people what Socialism is,
not what yoyr Jealousies are ln your
local; the people don't want' your
squabbles or your petty quarrelB. If
you want to" make "Soclnllsts at sight"
reach the people in their own way.
Sot a good examplo to them.. When
you say, "Workers of tho World, Unite," try It on yourself first.
If you can't run your local, you
can't run tho city. Don't forgot, that
ovory man should bo in hiB placo,
Ono comrade may bo a good speaker
but a poor organizer. Another may
be good at passing bills but poor at
speaking. To uso bost tho talontB ot
each comrade will bring the boat results,
Don't become a Boot. Avoid cliques,
or gangs. Get out of tho rut, It don't
pay. You yell about bolng broad minded. Show mo and you will bo -making Socialists ut sight. Don't forget.
—Dally Socialist.
-■ m 	
change them by our votes, can't we?
Let us see.      '* ".;]-    -,'-   ,-
We find ourselves to-day in the' position of slaves. ."<vwe work as long
hours as our capialist boss demands.
We have to accept wages that bayely
keep us in working condition. We live
in unhealthy homes without the beauty and joy that the twentieth century
can give us.        '■-„••
We have to see our children killing themselves in " factory ' work'
Even where we work as hard as we
may and as long hours as the day
allows we can only rarely fit ourselves
to keep out of poverty—1,000,000 people at the verge ,6f poverty all the
time in London, and who shall say
how many In Chicago? There Is nothing but slavery.
In feudal times the masters owned
the land. The serfs had to use land to
live by. So they were in their master's power.' " Iri capitalist times the
capitalist owns not only tho land but
the factories, mills, railroads, etc. The
worker has to use these things to live
by, so in that way* he is in his master's
*,* *
..Now it Is. this ownership of-these
"means of life"' by. individuals that
make profits possible; In'profits- we
have to' include rent and interest —
anything secured. without one's own
labor, but/by'hiring the labor "of-othors. *
And it is this'system of profit making'.that "Socialist's .declare must be
abolished.- Every\-man must work
himself for what he gets, and every
one who works must get tho full'soc-'
ial*product of his labor.
One of the shareholders in a mine
goes to the bank and draws his quarterly dividend from-the products, of
the mine. . If it is $200 this month,
then-the miners who did tlie work received, $200 less than they produced.
The.other shareholders have likewise
deprived the miners of other $200.
Wo call this profits! Any,time one
man', receives more-, than he produced
other men have received less than
tliey produced. Imagine the millions
that are being produced and ,not .going to tlieir producers.
,Every industry in capitalist, lands is
made that industry is abandoned-, as
, 'Workers, do you like the profit system? Why then do you vote to continue it?    - "
Capitalists, through the great power
which such wealth gives, now control
all our law making senators, legislators of all grades, courts and judges
are their .own property. Some nre
so bold as to boast the number of senators ln tho United States whom they
control. Of courso with such state
of affairs, "wo need not wondor that
it took years to pass a law and that
the injunction is sustained. We are
really not making tho laws tit-all —
the capitalists are.
Socialists say all Industries must be
owned by the people in common—tho
government if you polase. Profits'then
aro converted into higher wages. Tho
worker gets all his share of tho product.
In ordor to bring about this chango
tho workers who understand SoclallHm
must get full nnd complete control of
tho government.
Tliolr faithful worlc can bring thoir
own true froodom and ours,
" Why are you not a Socialist,?
Socialist odltors always wolcomo Inquiries or criticisms concerning Socialism,
—Chicago Dally Socialist.
(Hy  Nicholas  Klein,)
Wo Socialists usod to consume lots
of volunble tlmo on our so-called dlf
ferencoB. We usod to hlro special hulls
nnd got out 'ipwinl bills, and special
Kpoiilie'is to iUhcuhh whet hot' "oppor
tiinlHin" or "revolutionary" wns tho
correct word to uso. Wo thought
ii. n ii.nf -"I, .i'i-ivc* dottH» n event wnik.
Wo took ourselves protty earnestly.
Wo thought wo hnd the world scuiuii
and oven bluffed. Romu of us were
bold enough to sny that "wc have tho
capitalists on the run," IhU the
poor capitalist it woro not onion shiver-
Those were In tho good old davs.
Wo wore drenmers thon, Wo nro
practical persons now. This wns all
right In Its time, iind no doubt wo had
to go llirough all ns a matter of evolution, but thank goodness wo aro over It nil.
Wo used to abuse a man to mike
n Socialist out of him. Wo hated Intellectuals as much nn the devil hates
tho night of a salvation army poit.
\\o get over all Hint and now, lo,
pracUcn! business like polltrlnl party
I and behold, we find oursolvo*.
nnd Tiiiifh the better for having eorw
thrntitth lho rhlld porled.
| In this child period we wore very
hrippy Indeed ns nil children nre, but
By S, Lowrlo in Chicago Dally Socialist:
Socialists bollovo thnt tho world
moves. Thoy know that pooplo living
horo In Chicago 1000 years after Christ
nro a vory dlfforont socloty of pooplo
from thoso living In Egypt 2000 years
beforo ChrlHt, They know that tlio society of tho futuro will bo n very dlfforont one from that of tho prosont..
If thoroforo socloty Is In constanL
process of change; If Socialists are
looking forward to that chango and If
thoy are aiming to assist Instead of
opposing tlio change, how can thoy
bo dangerous mombors of Moclely?
TIioho who npposo Socialism must ho
Uio dangerous ones.
Soclnllsts boo that the present tap-
it nllst socloty ennnot do (ho worlc roqulrod of ll, to-dny, Anyone cnn wo
thnt, Societies, governments aro supposedly Instituted to glvo their people
tho bent posslblo opportunity for development find happiness, Kvon hnlf-
civilized pooplos have como lo see that,
living together an a society men cnn
bo much nnfer nnd sccuro more good
trx nnnh other thnn thev eould livintr
separate, So, nearly everybody llvos
ns a mombor ot socloty io-iliiy.
Hut tlio inaniior of organizing sucl-
eoy hns been and Ib, constantly
Por liiBtnnco wo woro once cnnnlbnls
,':.'!'3 'J."-:.','" )lv)rt' .'." 0"f trlbo ntn tbene
of any othor liibo. Wa woro onco organized ns a feudal system woro serfs
working tho ground part of the wook
for our mast ors and a dny or so ench
week for ourselves. Wo worlcors were
for mnny a yonr without political privileges—not supposed to havo a rlRht
to voto ns to how wo should rogulate
the society in which we lived. Thoro-
forewe took Utfi a* our lords mndo it
for us nnd labored whilo thoy feasted.
We finally demanded, and after long
flgliflrig rerolved tho ballot. Now we
*   *   •
The people who labor aro vastly In
the majority ovor thoso who toil not,
ho if social laws do not suit us wo can
Steam   Heated   Throughout
■rfATEs"$2-50 A DAY7' ~ "  " J."'£' GATEsTPROP. T
is ah& as may be imagined his fame is
spreading. , j.  ' "*■
*-( Everybody in New York" is getting1
to .know-the Standin Sleeper. * .Thoy
know which' pillar to find him "leaning
against, and many,an amused idiot
stands before him grinning at this pitiable sight..        J -     "
No, the policetnever bother them.
They are left alone, provided they do
not make their appearance until after
midnight; that'is the proviso—break It
and you will find yourself under arrest. The reason Is simple: Fewer
people after midnight to see the ,im-
pleasarit (for some, amusing) spectacle."
"But think of the cold ground?
Sleeping on it! Good heavens, you'll
catch your death of cold!"
"Aw go on; we don't mind that as
long as you leave us | alone to sleep—
we will be satisfied.,'That's what,we
That is the usual answer. "Sleep
first, grub next." That., is the motto
of the destitute. "Oh for one day of
undisturbed slumber—rest, a chance
to forget the bitter agony of my misery, and I would gladly give a year of
my life^-maybe two.; .-We manage to
get a roll or two, but a warm bed and
a,warm room,' aye, there's the rub!"
Maybe those are not the' exact words,
but'it"contains the sentiment to perfection. ..
.1 can*" hear. you say '.'But why the
Herald Arcade at Broadway and Thirty-fifth street!" " Why tlie cold ground
and shivering in thet snow?-? What's
the matter with the 'dump' (Municipal
Lodging house)' the Salvation army
and- the 'chair factory,' ('chair factory'
is a famous institution on the Bo.wery
that is run by a benevolent philanthropist; you go In'there—it is a restaurant—you: get a bowl of coffee and two
oi* three rolls as heavy as cannon balls
all for "a nickel, but that is not -' all—
you then have,the privilege of promenading to the back of the storo
where are to be found a couple ., of
hundred chairs; until five the next
morning you can sleep in one.of theso
chairs if you want "to,do so-can you
beat it,)* t,7 ■ '■' -     .*■*■■
But I,have.inserted such a long parenthesis that I fear my reader has
you ask. You are supposed to ask" me
why-these poor unfortunates do not
go to the lodging houses for a place
to sleep. I could give* you a dozen
answers—about poverty not. having
the.nickel, being known at the dump,
thatimeans that -if you come on the
third night you are arrested, for two
nights a month' is the limit.
And then again all these placos aro
crowded, even the morgue, but that is
not the reason why they sleep in the
Herald arcade.
Oh, no, There's a reason. You see
they want work; they want H badly
and they are so anxious to get it that
they Bleep in the snow, on the cold
ground so that they will be able to
boo the "Help Wanted" columns first
thing ln the morning nnd bolng in the
contral part of the town thoy can rush
to tho place advertised and thus avoid
tho crowd.
And yet this self aamo paper—the
Horald— would contain an editorial as
readily as would any other capitalist
shoot saying that the destitute are ln
want because they wouldn't work If
thoy had a chance," while with In a
stone's throw of tho editor's desk aro
the unemployed risking their lives lor
the sake.of a job.
Dy Emnnuol Julius ln Chicago Daily
Il does not mattor how long ono Inhabits a metropolitan contro, tlio big
city always affords now bcoiiob, now
lessons to Its most careful student.
This Is also nppllod with .particular
force to a study , of tho submerAod
tout il.
Early Sunday morning wlillo walk-
Ing up toward tlio Grand Contral station, Now York, I cnmo on a sconn
Hint impressed mo groally, I wns
passing on the oust flldo of (ho Horald
building; thoro wns a foot of snow on
tho ground, and sharp tnnrclloHs blasts
of wind woro Hwooplng down from lho
north, , Looking to my Immediate loft
I noticed In nn opon arch, upward of
fifty meri ntrotrhed out on 1ho baro
ground, fast asleep.
Thero thoy woro, nil wrappod iip In
newspapers — overcoats cost money
nnd when you hnvo no money you are
mighty glad to substltuta newspapers.
Ono Impressed mo particularly—ho Is
known ns Iho Rtandln' Blooper—'■ ho
wns nfrald of tho cold ground so ho
got Into the habit of sleeping standing
There lie was to ho soon, leaning
a Kill not- a liiaohhd iiMur, whilo rvt-'ry
now and thon with a regular automatic move, ho would slowly slip down
about 12 inches, and thon, whon you
Imagine ho Is about to fall up ho
comes ncfiln.     Quite n character ho
J. Crawford
A. Rizzuto '--•-, ^ '""
\ r ■ -   ' * ' r
Fernie Livery, Dray & Transfer Co.
(Philadelphia Public Lodger.)
Tho question whothor the world
owob or does not owe ovory man a
living, is a favorite quostion with
high school and college debating socle-
tlos. ISdward Mollan, who klllod himself In a Clevoland lodging house, wont
bo far ne to make out a bill to the
world for what lt owed him, Including
tho unostimated value of ono life ruined. This account,, ho added, may bo
squared by giving mo a decent
Tho supposed Indobtodnoss of lho
world to a man has not often boon
reduced to specific terms, but many a
man has had (he feeling that his fall-
uro wns tho world's fault, not his own,
and that tho world somohow, somewhere, ought to bo compelled to pay
for Its callous ludlfforonco to his poi-
sonnl welfare, Some men spend a
good doal of (Iniu wondering or dismissing who!lier life Ih worth living, Oilier mon aro so busy living thnt thoy do
not wish to tnko tlmo out (or tbo dis-
Cliflsloi) of tho question, It Is not
the workers, tho men who carry on the
business of tlio world, who Indulgo In
speculation as to thu oxtent ot thu
world's indebtedness to thomnolvcs.
tt Is tho men who have no business
but nodulous speculation, llko tho ond-
less day drearuiiiK <" ««« uwiuit lunit,
irJ'Jch et'Djeu out of ilie nnmo dnnr iw
Hint by which It onterod.
If tho man has somothing to sell
which Is of market value the world
will buy lt from hlm and pay him for
tt. It Is perfectly fair and a straight
Alcohol to Children
Ask your doctor how often he prescribes &n alcoholic
stimulant for children. He will probably aay, "Vcrv, very
rarely. Children do not need stimulating." Ask him
how often he prescribes a tonic for them. He will probably answer, "Very, very frequently." Then ask hlm
about Ayer's non-alcoholic Sarsapariila as a tonic for the
young. Follow his advice. He knows. /. c. Aw Co.,Louxii.Kfau.
Contracts Taken
Including Stump Pulling) Land Clearing:nnd Ploughing.    Let us.
figure ori your next job       : l
.    Rubber Tired Buggies, New Turnouts
. A full .lino of shelf and   heavy   Hard-'
1 ware in. stock together , with a
.complete .range of Stoves
/ Furniture Department
Our 'Furniture Department embraces the .
..most'unique aiid up-to-date5lines.*   -"*
Come,in and have,a look   .
TtM flnt jfmt rule of health—"Dllly raof ctntnt nf tb« bowttf .**   Art your doctor _
ta_ U not to. Then Mb Mm about Ayir** Pflk. 8eU ht nutty Italy yank
business transaction.' t- A man has no
more right to expect the world to purchase from him what it does not* want
than he has to expect an indlvadual
customer to purchase an unnecessary
article. No self respecting mau, unless sheer necessity compels him, la
going to domnnd that tho world shall
mingle charity with business and pay
hlm for something lt cannot'use. It
was a wlso provision that man shall
earn his bread ,by the sweat of his
brow Instead of another's. It is only
the Incorrigibly Idle and Bhlftless who
will dlsputo the equity of the providential arrangement. Tho woild
doos not owe any man n living unless
ho has earned It.
Doai* Brldgoman: Would recommend
your careful perusal and consideration
of the last paragraph of tho above
Your position is explicitly stated tlwo.
You seo, you are ln tho position of
having something for sale, and if you
cannot find a buyer for your particular commodity, experienced labor power in bridge building, you have no
other right. As Cody & McNellly, noting ln their capacity of buyers of your
commodity, find through somo causo
that thoy havo no uso for it, conso.
quontly discbarge you,
"Unmindful tho n weeping wlfo
And helpless offspring mourn,"
Would recommend your affiliation
with tho party thnt recognizes   your
right to a ;iob--BoclallBt,--Communi.
Iii view of the fact that many Fornio peoplo do considerable buying out
of town wo would draw tliolr attontlon
to tho following communication from
tho Pincher Croek ISclio:
"Will you Idndly allow mo a littlo
of your valunlilo upuco in which to roply to "Nntlvo," It Ib a wlno
plun nnd huvoh quite a numbor of
cents in a yoar," Paltry, Now, 1 n«U
.vl-o pays taxes, routs ind ratm to
support this town? Do Briton's? When
BiibHcrlptloim aro solicited In town for
a worthy purpose to whom do the collectors go first? no Katon's holpT
Certainly not ond It In tho murchniits
who nro first npponlod to. Who finds
a inorkot for tho fnrmor's produce?
Would Ruton'tt wait C—12 months for
thoir accounts to bo paid? No, thoy
got tho cash, wlillo tho morchant In
!!;!; rrC'vir-cc1 "ha? tr* "Ht-n-fl "rnrllt nml
In ft Piortd mnny rannn tho person who
Bonds ensh to Baton's Is running a credit nccount ln town. Looks well, dou't
ll? I nm nfrald Nnt Ivo Is ignorant of
the facto of a merchant's buslndM nnd
tho lottor Ib too much ono stdod for
au) i*» *.m^. '■•-;-. J.ft ♦J.'C'"*' i">*"--
wtfth send to Baton's for goods which
thoy ennnot obtain horo nt a ronson-
nblo figure, but soo thnt tliolr credit
nccountB—ofton so long winded-- nro
flrst sottlod, It Is ovon known thnt
articles nro purchased for ensh nt Eaton's nnrf thn vory tlttingn for the
samo nro purchased In town on credit.   Ih this rlirht?
I mJ-sht fllso uuy a tow words io
"Subscriber"'—whoso subscription tins
probably not y«t boss pnld. "Small
profits nnd quick returns." How arc
tho morchants hero going to get nny
quick returns? If they hnd quick return* it would UQt ho wcottnfiry tor
anyone to send to Baton's,
Lot Native and Subscriber be more
worthy of citizenship to the province
In which they have their living, and If
they are not satisfied let them go and
live in Winnipeg where they can net
their goods so cheap.
• CHICAGO, March 30—Darwin's the-
ory of the evolution of species has received a disconcerting blow ln a decision by Judge Wlndes, that a missing
link exhibited as a local animal show
Ib a dumb imbecile Louisiana negro
The court has awarded his custody
to the mother.
Tho boy was called Congo at tho
show and a story was told of his capture nt great risk In Central Africa.
Thousands of pooplo have stared at
htm as a cannibal,,ape man and wild
half antmnl savage.
In roallty he Ib declared to be, despite his grotesques faco nnd hend,
docile nnd harmless, Ills namo Is
Wlillo Wilson and his inothor declared that ho wab kidnapped somo thirteen yoarB ago.        •
"One Touch of Nature Makes the
Whole Wor i Kin "
Whon a rooBtor finds a big fat
worm ho calls all tho hone in the farm
yard to como and share it. A similar
trnlt is to bo observed in human naturo when n man discovers something
oxcoptlonalty good—ho wants all his
frlonds nnd neighbors to shart tho
bonoflts of UIb discovery. This is tho
touch of naturo thnt makes tho wholo
world kin. This explains why pooplo
who hnvo boon curod by Chambor-
Iain's Cough Remedy wrlto lottors to
tho manufacturers for publication, that
others similarly nlllng mny nlso uso
t and obtain relief, nohlnd ovory
ono of thoso lottors Is n warm hearted
wish of tho writer to bo of use to somo
ono olso, This romody Is for salo by
nil druggists.
Wm, Eschwig:, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
KauubUJuv  C*fc AUttd.ca
Alberta Show
Case Works
Miunifncturci-s of
CnJisu'j', Alia. THE   DISTRICT  L_DGER,.JFJERN1,E,1.B..,C; APRIL.3 1909
, 7t  -;-;i ■ J.*-'.-   'i^iMwijjl „.H    *-     - .    ■   ______   !^__
the  Contract
.entered into this thirtieth day.of March,-A.,D.
• 1909, by the.CROW'S NEST, PASS.COAL COMPANY, LIMITED;,, a Compnny duly Incorporated
'under the la*ws of,'Canada, (hereinafter called
the "Company.)" ,:       '■'■''"' ''     '"'   •  ■ *--'*■'
**•   .<■■.■■*■•••■-■.■■■■■: ■ '-j'and ';':V;.V,! '-'v"1-   -:;
The EMPLOYEES of the Crow's Nest .Pass Coal
- Company,...Llmited, -ln -the. Provi_ce...of. British
Columbia, as represented by the United Mine
•■Workers ,of America,*1 District- No.-iS,- (hereinafter called the "District.") "
■i ■ .WITNBSSETH.'.thBt-for andjn consideration'
p'of the .mutual advantages of thte'-'partle&heretoi*
■and'of; the severa]*Schedules herein; that is'to
~'say, Schedule A-B-C-D-E-F and^G,. it,J8«fhereby
•'-agreedts'hetween the-Tpartles hereto, 'ns fotibws':-
*'■ ' This agreement covers all the mines, coke
■(ovens and;outside plants operated by,the Com-;
^pany, and.'all person's accepting .employment'at
..these mines shall be gbverried by the following
^regulations;,, .■ ,. ', ;.■*-.*,,'.!;■•.■.|,i""" ,.\
V The Company will require each, person ,em-
, ^ployed by it; or to;be . employed'by'it, as''a
'(miner, mine-labdrer-'or otherwise, in jandi about
flthe mines and coke ovens of the said Company-,
jto sign this agreement, as a condition precedent
Ito continued employment of the person already
^employed or' to be employed.
4'- Thejtecm of*, Mils, agreement shall begin .'April
^lst,'ISM, a'nrexplre'Mafch 31st, 1911.    '
The right to hire and discharge, the manage-
■"■"merit"of'th'e"mIneT"and"v'tlie~dlfectlon" of "the
.working Jorce**-.ar.e.-vested ,exclusiyely, in*-..the
aC^pffiyr'and"'tlie''United""Mine "Workers"-!
^America shall not abridge this .right.
I u vtV^PI. P^fS \ k J 'k . \>- V
-$• (A) In case any disputes or grievances arise
Sunder this agreement or any local agreement
'!made In connection therewith, whether the^ dis-
' £pute. or.grlevance is^clalmed^to^ave.^alfis'ep by
f,the* Company or any person dr>personp..6_jplDy-.
led, or by the men as a whole, then the parties
| shall endeavor to settle the matter as hereinafter provided,. But before any grievance or^dis-
Jpute,3\ shftl}'|ie submitted to the\pit,:Commlttee,'
' £the person,or persons affected shall endeavor,
Jjby personal application to the Overman., or Fore-
tfman in "charge'of the.'-*wo*fk where; thet dispute
harlses, to settle the matter, and in the event
i'of them agreeing, their .decision shall be final,
v (B) In rase'-of any'locaU'dlspute arising-in
,.£any mine," and failure to agree between the
^Overman or Foreman and any employee, the Pit
■■'Committee and Mine Manager?shall .endeavor
(•,to settle the matter, and if they agree, their
^decision shall be final.
?■ (C) ln the event of the failure of the Pit
^.Committee and',the {Mine Manager .to'.settle any
/'dispute so referred to them, as well'as in the
«*event of any other dispute,arising, tho matter
, }fln dispute shall be referred to .the General
»*Siiperliitendent"\'.or.'General Manager of'...the.
■(.Company and the Officers of District No. 18,
i,United Mine Workers ofcAmerlcti, for settle.-.
Anient, and if they agree, their'decision .shall be
''j final and blnding7upon both parties.*.'7.",■*,'■*: \
(D)   In the meantime and in all cases while
the individual request! in writing of any of the
Company's.employe'esvthe Company shall deduct
such'monies fr'om'their'wages each month .as,
is designated, for dues, assessments, fines and
initiation fees; in'other words, the Company
will'retain from*the wages due,employees,any
sumithey may have given.orders upon the, Com-,
pany.for in-.writing, pay able, to, such officers of
the United Mine Workers of.America,/as,may
be deslgnatedin-suclrorders, which shall,, be
.continuous orders -aoj^rgyo^able while the. mak:,
"ers remain in .He''employ* of the Company; .except that the employees embraced in th.e article
headed "Employees-snot sunder. Jurisdiction,"
.toayvrevoke.orders.Yas above,   given, by. them.
'-'-.■fiie following empioyeesi are not under 'the
jurisdiction'-f the" "United/Mine Workers * of
America:       4... .V'       \ ". ',   ',,',',:,.'.
1 Mine Manager or Superintendent, Overman or
Assistant, Overman, Fire' Bosses, Boss Driver,
Stable Boss7 Master Mechanic, Electricians,
Weighmeri, Heiid Carpenter, Tipple or Breaker
Foreman, Loader Boss, Night,Watchman, Coke
Qven,Foreman, Outside Foreman, and.all.other
Foremen;- Timekeepers,' Ooal .Inspectors and
Head Lamp-M^h.' If any'of the above officials
are members of the United. Mine Workers..of
America, they* may remalrLmembers if they so
desire. _,   - '„     * . ,.    ., -., •."  ..
* j-1 •>.< f "-.*■'     v**;-   ,(-K     -V- .
• .In^case-Qf either lpcftk,or general suspension
''6_ mining?-elth'e?*'at tlie* expiration of this con-
,tract,„or., otherwise,, the-englneers, firemen and
pumpmen shall not suspend.-.-work,-but- shall,
when-; mining Ms* suspended, fully protect.all of
the Company's property under .Keir"'care,'"""arid
operate fans and pumps; and lower and hoist
siich men and "supplies aB* may toe-jrequired- to
-■protect th'e^Compa'hy's property,*, arid /any... and
all coal required to'keep,up. steam at, the Company's coal plant; but it Is understood and
agreed that,the Companylwill not-ask-them-to
hoist any coal for sale orijthe market, yyyy-rr
It is agered that all men" working on.improve:,
ments and extensive repairs are-.not.included'
in the Jurisdiction of the/United Mine Workers
Of^Amarica';. v\'\.r*,..'L '<•'. [ , - 'ir'-O'..
' The erection of head frames, tipples, breakers, ^vashers, buildings, coke; ovens, scales/ina-
'chinery,'railroad-'tracks,;- and switches, etc.,
necessary for the completion of a plant, all being in the. nature of construction* "work, -and -extensive-repairs, or rebuilding of the same class
of "work "are to be'considered as improvements
and extensive repairs, and' th'e employees thereon are to be excluded «is above, when employed
on such work only. '-* .-J
['disputes are being investigated and settled, the
Involved1, must--.continue to work pending'investi-
$gatlon-'and--uhtll.'firial.decision has been reach-.
Veil;'but where miner, miners, mine laborer, or
1'mlne laborers, has or have been discharged by
-'•the'Company, he or. they shall not.remain In the
' ; employ of the Company while his or their case
; is being investigated and settled.     If a claim
; be made,within flvo days where.a man or men
•!has or liave-beeri unjustly discharged, thev case
shall be dealt*' with ^according, to this .article,
.-mid If lt Is proven that he or they liave" beon
''unjustly dealt with, he or. thoy shall be vein-
(stated,     If a claim is made for. compensation
' for time lost, in cases where reinstatement has
'■ followed. It. shall be left to the Management of
the Company'arid the Officers bf District Number 18, "United'1 Mine'Workers of America,   to
decide .wliat amount, if any,.Is to be paid. .-.
'•*-'(E) * Any breach of this agreement by any of
■ the parties hereto is not to void tho said agree-
'.ment, but the same Is to continue in, full force
nnd effect.     It Is not. Intended, howovor, by
Hhls sub-section to abridge the right, of the men
. tb suspend work nfter the final sottloment ns
herein provided, If the Compnny. refuse to   bo
.bound by-nny decision given ngnliist thom undor
this article, {'!     y\;    -\   ,. ' '
'-'i The Pit Committee shnll,bo a.commltteo of
..'three In onch Colliery or other plant covored by
.tills ngroomuut, selected by tho employees work-
■ing nt Biich Colliery    or other   plant,   from
amongst tliolr own numbor, except ono member
mny bo a Cliockwelgliiiinii, or nn Officer of lho
Locnl Union, not necessarily nn employee   of
the Company: this mombor   must , previously
'.lmvo been Holectod ns Chockwolghman or Officer from nmongst tho employees of nforosnid
.'Colliery or othor plant;,,duo notice of such selection proporly certified shall bo given to; the
'Compnny. ' ....''
' Tlio ilutloB of tho Pit Commltteo shall ho confined to the settlement of disputes between iho
Overman or Forciiinn, nnd nny omployoo working In or nround the mlnos, arising out of this
agreement, nud nil ngroemoiitH mndo In connection therewith, tlm Ovnrmnn or Foreman nnd
"iiiiui or mon having fnllort to.agroo, .
■■ The Pit Oommlltoo, in illschnrgo of Its dutlos,
shnll under no clrciiniHtiinecs go nround tho
mino for nny cntiso whntovor, uiiIobh cnllod upon hy Ibe Overman or _ orcmnn, or by n miner
or dny mnn, who mny hnvo n'grievance whicli
ho hns first, tried to, nnd ennnot sottlo with the
Mombors of tho Pit, Commltteo employed iik
dny men, shnll not'lonvo their plncos of duty
.during working hours, except by purmlsHlon of
the Overman or Foreman, or In eimos Involving tho stoppage of the mine.
NEW WORK '     ' '
Whenever nny new work iii'Ihoh, a price for
which Iiiih not beon provided In thlH iigrcemout,
tlio Compiiny and tho Offlcem of the Unit oil
Mine Workers of Aniorlen, District Number
Eighteen, shnll moot within thirty dnys nud arrange n priee. In the menu!line, nml until
such price hns boon nrrnngcii; the men shnll be
nnld ncconllng to lhe dny wngo hciiIo.
. Whenever nny now system Is Iniiuiturnted, or
radical i-hiingo In the present Hyntem Is mnde
in nny mine, where there |h a eoiilrnrl, price
-fixed thereon, tho Compnny or tho Kniployeos
may nsk for u prieo to be flxoil on tlio work an
"New Work"; ns for exnmplo, n chango from
Iit ..   .11".   '       iiOtll .    I    i-.i     11 " I
shnll be considered "New Work,"
When nn omployoo absents hlniRelf from his
work for a period of two days, unless ihroiiKh
nicltncHH, or by first having nrrnngud wllh lht>
'Ovorninn nnd nbtninnd his rousem, hn mny be
*Vn^li1*T'efl lit   MTm-ilnt'i'ifiw     ,i'l,,,ha     r\X,..t,„t.r>
would muse nny stoppage of work must before
absontlng themselves, properly nrrniwo with or
notify tho Overman or Poremnn, for nny or nil
Absences; otherwltto ho mny ho fllHchnrgcd; nny
omployco who hnbltunlly, to. tho exlent of five
dnys per month, absents himself from work mny
lio discharged. "  ;
' If any employee or employees shnll cnuso  a
Bifippjipe of work In vlolnllon of Ihiu nirrcemeiif,
hi- or they shnll ho subject to discharge by thc
Compnny without recourse,
The Company will give to the United   Mine
Work«r« of America full reeomltlon nnd con-
GtrQ* the thw* _ff tyttrta", that it ta %*y, xtpori
It is ligreed that the United Mine Worke'rs'of
America will not In any/way restrict 'or inter-t
fere with the marketing of coal or coke' to any
person, firm, or corporation.!
In pitching seams, where chutes'are used.the
Company will, handle all'coal placed-in chutes
by the-Miners.   . ■•' '-\ "■
. Where the., present practice In the mines of
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company differs
work shall conform to the above rule;, but places
now working beyond the-.first cross-cut ■ shall
continue "under" the present ^practice until finished. .   '«■; ^ ,  .,   .
a. man's clothing, or where standing water is
sufficient to * wet a man's clothing above his
knees, shall be considered a'"Wet Place"; a
place where the use of gum boots will keep a
man's feet dry shall not be considered a "Wet
Place. '  •. '        **;
..When a miner's working place becomes deficient owing' to any abnormal conditions preventing him from earning the. minimum wage of
(?3'.00) per shift, and,should,the Company.de-
•Bireto continue to work said place or places,
the Mine Management arid Pit Committee shall
examine said place or places and agree upon
a1 rate' to' be paid the miner for such deficient
work.: Failing to agree upon such rate, the
place, if worked, shall be worked upon the day
wage scale for miners.
■ *"'■    ■..  .-!.'  -       IN COAL' .
■First -offense,' 50. lbs of, rock, warning and
fine of 100 lbs. of coal. " " .'.'.
-After th6 flrst offense 65 lbs. of rock shall
be fined 200 lbs. of coal;..85,lbs. of rock shall
be fined 400 lbs.sof coal; 100,lbs. of rock.shall
be*fined 600 lbs. of coal;. 150 lbs., or over. of.
rock shall be fined all the coal .In said car..
■\:After-the fourth,offense.in any one,calendar
month, the offender may "be' discharged. ...The
Checkwelghman' shall give, the first warning,
and'keep tally of'the offenses. .   .
, The following days only shall be observed, as
holidays:      _ "■'' *'   "
 "•' New YeanTDay ■ •"     '   :" '   7
--.-.'-May First- ,*"  -     1",:
■ Victoria„ Day " -*  ■
';*       Dominion Day '■'        .  '  ■ ■   , "
;*'}      ^abor-^Day S
"*    ■'-Thanksgiving Day *' "
District and .International Election Day .
,„„ ^Christmas Day' '       ;'
SWZS&X'Sx.-:.-?x    FUNERALS '■-..■
In the event of an instantaneous death by an
accident In the mine, or outside the mine,,the
miners underground and all other employees;
except In'the seam where the accident occurred, ;shall continue' to work till'the day of the
funeral; "when it is optional with them whether
they shall work or not. ..-...■
■•  STORE. ",    ',   .
It shall be understood and agreed, that   the
'employees -shall be at perfect liberty to * purchase goods wherever they may choose to do
80*..*.-''   ''.'■<; ,'   ■    '     '
• *! The matter of Doctor and hospital- arrangements Is to be arranged between the employees
as provided by the laws of' British Columbia,
and'when so arranged, the Coiripany agrees,to
make the collections for that purpose.
1    '..   '     **--- ■ ,,    OIL
Present conditions'to prevail. -
,,.!7. .HoOL SHARPENING    .-'.„".,.,.'
All miners mining, coal shall pay the Company fifty "cent's per month for tool sharpening,
unless when on make-up. ....-,
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, Limited, will pay, the following rates of wages at all
Its mines and, coke plants for work above
ground:        '
. Per day
Slate Picker boys .
Slate Picker Men7..     2.25
Car Oiler men    2.25
Car Oiler boys     1.50
Tally*boys ...   : '....'.   1.25
Teamsters  ... .'.   2.62%
Blacksmiths    **....   3.67%
Blacksmith helpers ...  .
Carpenter helpers ....
Power House Engineers
Power House engineers
Fan 'Men   ..;.   	
Hoisting Engineers ..'.  .
Box, Car. Loader, engineer     -3.15
Tipple engineer  ■ i 3.15
Locomotive engineers (outside . ' 3:15"
Locomotive, engineer helper
or switchman ..     2.75     ,10
Firemen  .,.' ...   .'...■.......'...   2.62%     8'
* 10  ,
2.62%   10
3:67%, 10' "
2:62%   10
2.89 '•
B. E. WALKER, President
Paid-up Capital   $10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and England
rftTINTRV.   l-HT^TWR- _   Every facility afforded to farmers and oth-
-UUUl-lIil    DU&UlfitjB   ers f01. the transaction of   their hnnking-
business. , Sales notes will be cached or taken for collection.
RANKT__y  RY  M A Tf'"Accounts may be opened by mail and monies
Di", l*111"  "*   inil*U*' deposited   or   withdrawn   in this way with
equal facility. ."",..' -, ■     ' -- - ■
...    H. W. TRENHOLME, "   Manaijer, Fernie.
■ 8
Firemen '    3.67%,
Railway. Car. Handler (men)  ...   2.36
Tipple. Dumper (man) "-...'.....   2.62%'
Tipple Dumper  (boys)        1.50
Car. Repairers   .,,".,     3.15
Fan. Firemen-7..'  ..."  ;...'.    3.15 "■<
Lampmen (.depending on number       _ ,,
of lamps and skill of man)
.     * ■-.-     - •   ■      $2.25-$3.15''
Lampman   ; 2.25-2G2%
Machinist ......'.... 3.15-3.67%
Machinist Helper * :•...*.;■...' 2.62%   *'
Ashman' ,..,.,.   ..,    2.25
Ashman .'..' . .. '.     2.62%'
Wiper  man' ■.   ...'.--...- .;..    2.62%
Coupler., (man) _ .2.25 (
Coupler,  (boy)    .'     1.50
Timber Framer (men)   .- .'.' '3.16',
Box Car Shovellers, (men) ...   :2.62V_ -.,
.Finisher after. Box Car Loader.    2.25,
All, other outside labor...;  .v.   2.25-
Levelling and drawing. (6%-ton,,, ,  ■,-. i .
charge, ..,, ?1.00 .per oven
Levelling and  drawing   '(5  ton     v'*'
charge  ., *. :.    0.80,per oven
Loading into Box Cars (over 200
tons  per  month) "7.......'.    0.17 per .ton
Loading into Box Cars (less.than\
200 tons .per month)    0.16 per ton
Steam' Locomotive engineers.. .$3.10,10 hours
Motormen■ i ; 2.89 10 hours,
Larrymen   '.... 2.25 10 hours
Plasterers ...  ..".  2.25 10 hours
Carters and* cleaners ;  2.25 > 10 hours.
All other laborers :  2.25 10 hours
VAll, charges to be large or small; at, tho direction bf the Coke Oven Superintendent." .
.   .  \SCHEDULE."C" ;.
The Crow's Nest.'Pass Coal Company, Limit-,
ed,'will pay the following rales of wages, per
working' day. of eight hoursj. at'all Its mines for
work underground:
■■'•■'■' Per   Day
''...'.'     LIMITED
1 - . i- <
- .'.   Always a choice supply of Beef, Pork, Veal,
Mutton, and Lamb on hand.'  Hams,
• •-•  -     *    .Bacon,, Lard, Butter and Eggs
Our Specialties
',. Fresh, Smoked* and-Salted Fish, always a good
assortment.„,Try our Mince Meat,..
Saurkraut arid Oysters:
The 4*1 Meat Market Limited
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
Stores in all the Principal Towns in British Columbia and. Alberta
The Company will grant*.the right to the Min-:
ers to employ check-weighers, and will grant
the said checkweighers every facility to enable
tliem'to, render a."correct account of. all'coal
weigliod;-aiid will "allow tho cars to be tared
from time to time, and the machine to be properly tested from time to.time, and will deduct
from the wages of all contract miners- such
amounts as may be designated from time to
time, and will pay over the same to the Secretary of the Local-Union for wages of Check-
weighers., .. ., ,. , ,
'* ''■         TURN IN CAR8
Tho Company shall, as far as practicable,
supply, each and every employeo with a sufficient number of cars to enable lilm to remove
expeditiously and without loss of time, all the
.coal mined by'him. ,,. ' ' , ,-,
,' The Companysliall soo that an equal turn of
curs bo offered;to each minor, and,that he bo
given a fair chance to obtain Bamb. Tlio Chockwolghman shall keep a turn bulletin for the
Turnkeopors' guidance The driver shall .bo
subject to whomever the Mlno Manager Hhall
designate as turnkoopcr ln piirmiiinoo thereof.
Tho slnglo shift systom In rooms and pillars
shall bo ndhored (o hh for as practicable.
In caso niv employee Is thrown out of employment, unless discharged, ho ahull bo given preference ovor now men in'other mlnos in the
sumo enmp bporoted by tho Company. :
Where any employeo.has drawn his time before the regular pny day, lie thereby Hovers his
connection1 with the' Company, nnd nny nlldgod
grlovanco ho may lmvo coiiboh to bo u quoHtlon
for consideration under Ihls agreement.
It' nt any tlmo tlio majority of the minors nnd
bncklinmlH nt. nny Colliery decide by a ballot
voto to work as pai'timm, tho Company shall
rccoRtili-o such mon nn partnors, nml will not
allow any individual lo employ btiuklmndu on
c'ontrnel  work thereafter.
On nil Company work thu Company shnll employ such dims of mnn ns the work requires,
nnd nt. tho rut oh of wnges provided for In thlH
Tho present nynti*m of working purtnors nt
Cool Creek fllinll bo nilhered to,
No sub-contrnctlng shall be allowed In   nny
mine opcrnti'd by the Company, but UiIh shall
not npply lo iho omploymont of bu.'khumlH.
The Compnny shall pny tho Hum of throo dollars (|S.oo) per dny for nil minera taken from
contrnct work to do Compnny work.
Whoro a mnn Is coiuliuioniily engnged   on
rock work whoro luuumoi' niul h(u„1 urn urn-d,
he Hhnll ,bp considered n Hock Minor, niid pnld
T1 .     1      Ml..    '..»..' ,.'-,, ,       ■
..\-, .*   ......^ li1".
if nn nlr drill bn mod thn Drlllor shnll In*-
liiild MiKluuo ituniii'i's" wag'-M, and thu helpi-ix
•mill .Mituliliiu Humid*, liflpers' wiikch; (ho
mlirr men eiiQiigud shnll be clnHRod as mltwiH,
or lnborers, bh mny be.
Where a mnn Is ciiKngt-d on work In both rock
ami conl, if Uu- amount of rock Im gri'Uk't' thim
XXlXI   ollllMlii'l   ill   \Orti,   »|X1   Mlrtll   IMI   (ItlhM'l)    llfi   i<
Hock Miner, and where the nrnount of conl In
great t-r than (he amount of rock; ho shall bu
clnsHcd as a Coal Miner,
' When a man Is engaged on rontlmtouii llrusli-
Ing, t'ltber top or bottom, utlng tho usual drills
ntul foots, Ti" iihall hn classiSd ac a Coal Minor;
If the .rushing be done by hammer and Htecl,
ho nhnll bo cIamocI n« a Ilork Mlm-r.
Tlrnbirmcn inking out rock whilo «1nKRK*'d l«
rotlmliering or repairing shall not bo clnMcrf
nt Hock Minora.
A working place tn iho mlna whoro   wator
drip* (rcirit tho rttbt In <jufiTillt*r tuttititux to tttA
j r; ■.*"'.,",    :PAY DAY,   . ..
payrolls.,, according to the'present custom at
the" several'mines; that is, for all wages earned during .the previous calendar month on the
Fifteenth of each' .month, If said Fifteenth he
a Saturday, and if not, then on the first Saturday after .the Fifteenth, except In case of the
Fifteenth falling on Sunday, when the Company
will pay* on the Fourteenth; If during .the life
of this agreement, tho miners can secure the
enactment of the half monthly pay day
through legislation, this clause shall .become
null and vold.-
"Any employee desiring to leave the service
of tho Company shall, on his request, be paid
all monies, due.him within two days nfter his
stoppage of work.
In accordances with tho Coal Mines Regulation Act of British Columbia, the Company shall
at all times deliver an adequate supply of suitable timber, rails, ties, planks and sheet Iron
at the nearest cross-cut to the fnco of all raise
workings; In pitching veins where tho coal is
delivered from the rooms by chutos, tho timber, rails, tics, plnnks nnd sheet Iron shall be
delivered at tho,-mouth of the room, (ns for
example tho ralso work at Carbonado); nnd In
places where the-regular pit cars go to tho
working face, without being handled by the
miner, thoy shall bo delivered on tho cars to
tho working faco,-
Whoro tho present practice In tho mines of
the Crow's Nost' Pass Coal Company differs
from tho above it Is understood that nil now
work shall conform to tho nbovo- rulo; but
places now working boyond tho iirst. cross-cut
shnll contlnuo undor the present prnctlco until
Tho Ciow'h Nc-at Pnss Conl Compnny, Limited, will pny tho following rates at nil mlnos for
timbering, trncklaylng, chutes, brushing, Mc-
Olntya, filling wntor, olc, except whoro tho
contract prlco specifically Includes pnymont for
any of thoso Horns:
Timbering—M.00 per set, with lngglng nnd
contro post, whon roqulrod by tho Company;
$2.00 per sot. for heavy ilnibers used In pnrt-"
lugs. Hoom timbors shnll nnl bo ovor olghl
Inches In dlnmotor. Levels, Inclines und Slope
timbers Hhnll not be over 12 inches In diameter; anything nbovo thnt size shnll bo considered "llonvy Timbors," and pnld for nt. tlio
rato of $1 .no por sot.
Cogs—Wlion llio Compnny require!* tho miner
to him Coga, tlio cogs Hhnll be properly filled
with rock, provided thoro Ir rock handy which
only ruqtilriiH, to bo moved onco, nnd shnll pny
for tho Hfimo nt tho rule of $1,00 for onch three
feot Hqiinre.; and, $ I. Iill 1-3 for ench four feet
Hqiinro. Thu Compnny Hint 11 sot nil cogs linger Iiiiui four feet aqunro wllh Compnny men.
Potto—VVIien pohIh iiK'iiHUi'hiK ten feet or
more In length nro required lo lie Hei.llie Compiiny ahall pny . thirty-throo and * ono third
I.'Ill I-I!) eetilH per post. Poats ln Pillar
work In Mlno N'o. 8 Michel Hhnll bn pnlil.fnr iih
nt pr'-wiit .'IH 1. centH per po«t.
Bridge Stick*—When the Company requires
thn minor to Het Hrldgo HUcIih, llioy will pny
12.00 por Ilrldgn Stick. . ". ; *. '   '   "
Tracklaylno—Trnclta with irt-lb, rnlln filmll
be laid by minors In IovoIk nnd pnrnl-
leln, nnd in room* nnd Inclines Hhnll be
tout uy milium nlur two length,of rail from
fro." ;mi1 s wll eh U* lalil by f'l.j.'j.'jji,!', in n".'!ini
n rnto of in renta per linenl yard fnr Riii-rlo
trackH, nnd a rato of 30 coiiih per llnonl yard j \iicboi Colliery:
for double irAi-lt*-* .trill bo paid for all track laid
by miners.
Chutes—The Compnny will build the    lln*t
Shot' Lighters .......	
Brattice, men  7.	
J3rattlce_5Ieii_HeIpers_.-...i....u---.—.-. .-»
Timbermen .....,.',	
Timbermen Helpers    ;....'...
Drivers *. :..
Drivers, In , wet places	
Drivers,, Spike Team  	
Tracklayers   ........   ..;.....'...,;,
Tracklayers' helpers      .....' 2.50
Miners      .7    ,      3.00
Miners, in wet places      3,50
Miners taken from contract work to
do Company work ..      3,00
Rock Miners    ...:      3.50
Machine Runners ,. ,     3.50
Machine Runners' Helpers      3.00
Motormen       2.75
Motormen helpers, and Drakemen ... .*    2,50
Hoistmen $2.75 to 3,00
Rope Riders   :      2.75
Couplers          2.50
Pushers      2,50
Laborers ■      2.50
Timber Handlers       2.75
Swltchboys $1.25 to $1,50
Doorboys ...,        1,00
Pumpmen         2.50
The Crow's Nost Poss Coal Company, Limited, will pay tho following rates for mining una
yardage, to the underground employees of the
Coal Creek Colliery; <■
Veal0  .
Bacon   .
-Salt Fish,,
Fernie's Lending Commercial
nml Tourist House
■ No. 1. Mine
Mining rato, 55 cents per gross ton,
YARDAGE:  Lovols nnd parallels, $1.00 por
llnonl ynrd.  CrosH-rutH botwoon lovola,'$1,00
por lineal ynrd. Room Cross-cuts, no tracks, 50'
cents per llnoal yard.
No. 2 Mine
Mining rnte, 00 cents por gross ton.
YARDAGE: Lovols nnd parallels $1.50   per
llnonl ynrd.    OroHS-cuts botwoon levels, $1,50
por linenl ynrd. Hoom Cross-cuts, no tracks, ,10
cents per linenl ynrd.    .
No. 3 Mine
Number .1 Slope nnd nil workings on Uio
North side of Slopo; Mining rule, GO coats por
gross ton,
YARDAGE: Levels and parallels, $2.00 per
linenl yard, Ciosh-cuIs between levels, $2.00
por llnonl yard, Hoom Cross-cum, no trackH,'50
■cents por llnonl ynrd.
No. 5 Mine
Mining rnto, 00 contH por grown ton,
YARDAGE:  Levels and panillelH. $1.50 per1
lineal yard. Ci'ohh-cuih between levels, $1.50
per linenl yard.  Hoom CroHseutB, uo trnckH,
.50 contH por llnonl ynrd.
No. 0 Mine
02'/j cents per grnsK ton.
YAKDAGU:  Lovols nud purnllola, $1.50 per
!llnonl ynrd,  Crosa-i-utH between levels, $1,50
I pur lineal ynrd.  Hoom CrowwutH. no trnckH,
50 cents per linenl ynrd.
CLOD: When the Coinpiiny roqiilroH Ihft niln-
•T io lnko down the rlm\, ovurlnylug iim conl,
Ihey Hhnll pny him for iIoIiik tho hiiiiio, Including mowing, mip-hnlf rem per Inrh In tlileldioMH,
per fool in width per llnonl ynrd, nieiiHUieniont
to b« taken weekly In Tlm middle of tho working plan",
' nHUSIIlNa: Ilotlom brushing to bu done by
thn Company.
Tho Crow's Wat T'iihh (Vial Company,, Limit-
x:d, xxiii ptt> Uiu I'tjiiov.Uii-', i*n**,} lm luiiiuiK Ullii
yardage lo the ruder-Kioiiiid employeei. of thu
supplied with   the  IichL Wi'iick,
I.ii-iiMi'K nml Clgni'H
R 0 V A L
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
The New
Will open for ImihIhohh the Ili'Ht wook I
In Mnrch. Unlit expresHly for
It's a dandy, come and huh Ii .
Workingmans Trade
(W, A, Rom, Man.iner,)
Call in and
see us once
C. W. DAVEY & CO., Props.
<■% /** **  *r   ?\   *iwr
nud Hhnll be pnld nt tho rate of 'lo coiiih per
lineal yard for nil chutos built. The Company
shall deliver nil rnnfcrlnl to font of chutr-K.
Bruihlno—Pive-alxthR coiiih por foot In wldlli
per Inch In depth.per llnonl ynrd.
McOlntyt—For oath tlmo the Mcfilnty In
movod and properly set tho Company will pay
J.I.iVi; $|,!*if) r-ncb Dtno Dw Uir nr sm/iIMr Mr-
Glnty In moved and proporly hoi; ami $.',,u0
oach Mm**-* the liull-*whoel Is moved and prr-porly
Hot, Tho minimum (lltmiii'o that nnv of
iht'Hfi Khali bn moved at iIiobo flguroH in li
toot. Tho Company roiorvoa io luolf tli>» rUhl
to moco tho bull-whoel witli labor oilier than
that of tho coritr-Mt mlnorn, .
FlUIr.-o Watir—The Company will   pay   35 eM yard
tt-fit* jwr tank for nillrig water. '
No. 3 Mine
MlnhiK rnto, ,17:1-1 coins p.-r ki*ohh ion.     "
VAHHAGE:  1. v*l« uii>l l'nrnlloln, fl.M por
lltll'tlj    >linl.    l lllhh-l lllh    DMIVI'III   *n', I'll",    6*1.1,1
per lineal-yard, Jlonm Ciosh-cuih, no irnrlm, .10
cents por linenl Irani.
No. 4 Mine
Mining rnto, .1.1 coiiih per gro.--H Ion.
YAHDAGE: LovoJh und i'nrnllels, $2.00 por
lineal yard. Cromwuih beiwofii lovols, 12.00
por llnonl ynrd, Hoom ('iossiuin, no trnckH,
6u cciitit per lineal yard.
No. 5 Mine
Milling rnto, tin ceniit j»i  t-rnn« ion,
YAitlMdK: LovoU nnd I'ttnill-ln, 10 b'i foot
wido. $2.10 por llnoal yard, IahoIh and I'nral*
Iola 1,'Ji-:' feet wide, li'."" P*r line*! yard.
Hoom CrofM-riita. no irn-kf, .10 ci-i»ti* por Iln.
_ULLUlifl W'lNJS
CO.,   tTD,
Wholesale Liquor*(Dealers
Waldorf Hotel
Table Unexcelled
1   Mipplll'tl    Willi    llll
rniuls .if Wim
iiml t'lftni'H
(I'nriiiei'ly nf C'i'iiti'jil'lliili'l)
A full -.liiek Ii ii fow duvs
Fatal Accident takes Placo in
Oorman Mining Camp
Last Week
iCtiiiDfititd un 1'iiK'- l.-0
"" ;,  i    HKWICKAl'. (iorninny. March :)>--
Labs' I .w. I'tilon 12-5CJ ot Fornie Uy lho fiililrn: of a taw In a <oal mine
will moot Saturday, April 3rd. All! loi*' today four mon wi-ro killed nml
momborH roqiieHtod to bo prosont audi nventy others Injured, nix of ihom
1hOK> who xxUb to affiliate. , _«.-iiuusly. PAGE FOUR;
?i   fT.> *    .    5. I   7i  t i  i  _•*? i/i
f*",i  i..j;
$1.00 a year-in* advance;--. v Address all communica-.
tions to the ^Manager"! Dis'tricV.{Ledgt?r, Fernie B. ,C.1
Rates for advertising, pn application.      .      ...
We believe, through careful enquiry, that ail the
, advertisements in this paper are ..signed by trustworthy*
v-* persons, a*n*U to prove our''faitli by words, we will make
;7 good'.to factual subscribers .any; loss incurred by,, trust-;
, ing advertisements that prove to-be swindles; but we
-ido^not* [attempt j,,to adjust-'trifling.disputes ^ between
' J subscribers3 and honorable' business 'men'who "advertise;
nor pay the debts of honest bankrupts.     fll,,..p,.,,
'_'", This.offer' holds 'good for one_. m6hth£after'"'.;th'e)
transaction" causing the complaint;  that is we, must
have notice within that time.     In all cases In writing
"to advertisers say "Fsaw it in The Ledger." jf/-^    '
-I.-*.   '',  ,- -,.,',..•-'.:   w.'S. STANLEY,"" "7
Phone 48; Residence 9 Manager    "
chair, yet _&b ..magistrates there is not one of them
w_o-. tias the qualifications -to -fill, tiie ^office tivvith
tlie honor, sobrietyj^courfe tli'at j%*it
naturally demaud^p1^     &     W'U    *"*$j
Magistrate WhiSst^'r hat _ield*.he ffositfoi. for
a long time now, and has been getting the measely
sum,of,:'..fifty, dollars per month for his services,
which have been.at the
times', either day or ni:
satisfaction.to all but those who could not bulldose
;'..,**, i -y,isij.i->.i ,u
him-   " - .
jr Por"thisthe*«s to be beheaded, and a.man who
_s utferiy** incapable, as a. magistrate .'is to.be put
forward- for the'position*. ■; ■ " ' . , < -'.■ ■ ••-
'^' Tlie)covui^V and the mayor should give Mi*.
Whihisfer just double his present salary, and ke.'p
him" iri his present position for he is the right man
in' the right place, and if. .we had a few more of
his calibre on our other benches there might, perhaps, be less complains as to Justice!
tic Campaign
The determination to do< a way0 with ~ the''open"
shop system und tlio discrinimination clause in the'
working agreements with the Coal Operators Association is the cause of the strike wliich was called
. on the mines of the Association in District 18 U.
M. W. of A.. ■     .   ■._
Out of 2100 voters, only 700 voted in favor of
the agreement, and although this was a majority ol!
the votes cast; still' the officers felt that it was not
<• sufficiently binding to tie up tlie men to agreements
embracing clauses whicli from their very nature
and effect, were objectionable and opposed to the
interests of the men, and the principles of unionism
There is no dissention in the ranks of the work-
el's *, they are a unit iri backing up President Sherman and the district officers in a'fight for agreements as fair and equal as those obtained from the
Crows Nest Pass Coal Company- „
The Operators have troubles unnumbered   in
,' tlieir own ranks; several of the* largest concerns
have withdrawn in disgust, and as a working force
they are diminishing rapidly. Meanwhile the District officers and others are at work trying to sign
■ up with individual members of the Association.
Good news indeed it was to people of this district in general to hear that the much-talked of
.agreements between the Crows Nest Pass Coal Co.
, and the men were signed up for another two years.
The district officers, under President Sherman,
. have been working night and day for several weeks
to bring about a satisfactory arrangement, where-
-^hv—work-could-be_resumed..and'still not sacrifice
any of the interests of the men whom they represented as officers of District 18 of'the U.M.W.
of A- .    1 '  "    ■ '
The vote taken shows that there was a division
of feeling on,the fairness,of the agreements, and
this was "accounted for'-by the"1 fact that certain of
' the miners working at special branches, considered
thoy were entitled -to more pay and other' conditions than which they had worked under. But
considering the -welfare of the men as a whole,
the officers have been able to bring about several
changes that will menn considerable to the miners.
There can be no doubt but that Fernie is a
mining' town, and that it is the money of the miners that keeps things going iu this western burgh.
The continuation or cessation of work at the, mines
ncls as the vory throb'of tlie citys pulse, and wc
muy not be amiss in.remarking that when,minors
look for and seek representation on tho different
boards in this city they should be given preference,
The lot of the Operators Association is indeed
a sorry one. They were brought into existence
for the very object of being better nblo to combat
the demands of tho miners, nnd the very fact that
dissolution seems imminent for the Operators As-
sociation is a glowing tribute to the enndor and
sincerity of tho officors of the miners.
Tlio extensive alterations planned by thc Crows
Nest Company for Fernie, and the continuation of
work will mean much to this city, which has suffered considorablo of a set bnck recently owing to the
uncertainty nnd doubt surrounding thc all important question1, "How nbout those agreements?"
Hero's to a busy nnd prosperous two yearn—
here's to prosperity to the minors and oporntorn
,-■'. The city council are WKing up tlu muttrr of
the municipal''ownership of the water, vr.rks. aiid
as the C. N. P. Coal Company are no*vy* willing to
let the city purchase their plant for the sum of
$60,000, we think the citizens should back up the
council and get control of this very valuable asset.
The initial cost would be $60,000 to purchase
the entire plant from the C. N. P. Coal Co., and it
would take $35,000 to connect with Fairy Creek,
then Sandy McDougall wants $3,800 for his water
rights, and the right of way. This, in round figures,' would amount to $100,000 for the best water
service in the Dominion of Canada. * The interest
on'this amount would be $5,000 a year, and Svith
about $2000 a year for sinking fund would amount
to $7000 a year. The C. N, P. Coal Co. received
a revenue of the sum of $12,000 every year from
their service. That shows a good profitable investment, and "means that the city of Fernie would
have $5,000 a year actualrevenue from the waterworks. * ■-
But that is the smallest inducement- The present system is utterly inadequate in case of a large
fire; "Where do we stand?' We must have., a
good inexhaustible supply and the purchase of the.
present plant; together with the connecting of the
Fairy Creek would give us an unlimited supply. A
pipe line .would be run from .Fairy Creek and it
would be connected with the present reservoir,.
Any overplus from the daily use would* therfore
keep the present reservoir full and in a case of emergency, we would have the two .to draw from.
But we must act quickly as the Coal Company
are going to.start the erection of tlieir ..thousand
new coke ovens, and will want'a-better supply
than .their, own plant can now give them. If the
.city does not get busy and put in what, they want
they will do. so themselves, andlvilFtlTen, after
spending' the necessary money, refuse to sell their
plant to "the city.   * .•     '" „ ,.
" " So you see we must not stand on the order of
doing but do quickly and own our own waterworks
and'get the prof it''for ourselves./
the '{frt^Jf the
meetings for whTci. preparations have
been progressing: during* the* past few-
weeks, will be held.In the Bruce's*"Hall"
when Evangelists Buswell. and Weaver will be In, cliarge./^AtVthesel-meetings the massed, choirs'ibf the uniting
churches''.will ;b&: under''direction ! of
Mr. Weaver, ' who 'Is' a specialist ' in
singing and conducting, while Mr. Bus-,
w'eU will., be'*, the special preacher, ifi
the.campaign.., - ,,■ ..ia.;}ii,, . , , ,.
.Besides' these * gentlemen"*there will
be 'several  others'' arriving'from''timo
to time, volunteer helpers,1 .6' assist lii
■   ,>■ i    ...in   » ■   i     '
the mission campaign, which will* last
three or four weeks. .-A' third evangelist will be present In ,the'person of Mr.
Davis, a specialist In personal work..
Whether the far famed.Ralph Connor
(Rev. Mr. Gordon) will' be abie.to be
present the flrst week is not quite certain; but lt is hoped that he may be
able to be here a little later. In the
campaign. Dr. Shearer of tho,Social
Reform department of the Presbyterian
church will be on hand, and other visit-'
ing ministers and'laymen from tlio
east whose names will, appear later.
As  is  now  pretty, well  known    the
campaign Is a united'effort on the part
of  the  local   churches   tb   promote    a
deepening      of    - religious       Interest
throughout the entire district.    ; Such
object has often been a theme of'con-
versatlon among the resident ministers
In tlieir gatherings, and various suggestions have  been  made, for them  from
time'to time.     No way however, seemed to„open up by which such an effort
could  successfully   be  carried  out  until  the present occasion,  the Initiative
ln fhlB case coming in the first, instance
from the Presbyterian-assembly.        ' c
During  the* past  week:' organization
has   been   quietly   going    on,   and - hii
weekly-practices of the* united  choirs
have been'held In the Methodist'   and
Baptist churches,. alternately. ..There
has been a general spirit of hopefulness
everyone feeling that,conditions favoring such.a movement -'combined, providentially," at the present time, and. Inconsequence , tliere   has , been   marked
unanimity. In the general planning. As
the campaign develops* His believed tlie
whole of the church attending population of Pernie will become deeply and
actively interested.,    The Salvation Army officers have been;in attendance at
a number * of  the practices    together
with members,  of'"their    organization,
and everything bids fair for the largest
effort   of   the   kind   ever   promoted   ln
either of' the Kootenays, or for    that
matter any part of B.  C.  except the
- The.campaign Is simultaneous', .all
through tho. district, from Michel. ,to
Cranbrook, Including,Hosmer and Coal
Creek, different .men being told off to
the respective centres. A similar campaign is projected in. West■ Kootenay
from" Nelson tb the Boundary..   ..-
hall will prove too small,for'the Sunday attendances and overflow meet-
ins^-will b^ield in tlieji^thofljlst
cb/UfchiclosejB^, at which" ttie 'ievartfei-
and; ors&n$yrm^b6 lh requlsJS|on|gat
'^-^^V-b^and^Uie mustt»t&Qi_nmSiee
In 'conjunction wtth the executive are
busy  completing arrangements..
Tne-^TSxecutlve committee have • of
necessity been especially busy, -but the
arrangements are noi^p'retty well aa?-
fa>^4 Wrf^yWj 1 be ab@f&
complete* at Prlnti*ng, seating, o^aSitg.
Ing and the other multifarious details
of a -well planned campaign such as
th'e~*pr e*srentr navc^*o^^^^^
not to mention the matter of financing,
for'wh'iclv a-special finance cbmmitt'tee
hasbeen appointed.' ' '- '.'.' vy-'-- <V-*"-U
.'■"■The financial responsibilities -a's'sum-*
ed by th'e'Executive committee include'
the rent bf'-.'Bruce_'JliaU* and 'necessary
local expenses; 'in'addition 'to''charges
'dlrfectly concerned with the'presence5 of
the, evangelists,-; In tHi's' matter '--ttie'
authorities,,ofv.the .assembly in'-'the'east
A meeting to reorganize the. Fernie
football club was held in the King Ed-
ward/:hotje.V.**n Monday;.the ■ ?9tli-J^.Mr.
,?»ddy> Hughes was voted tQ .he "chair
fw the|"occasi6n.,T_€iS'§lec!gon of'ciHi-
tj^rs foisthe coining se&oii^asi^the
first part of the "business. risSPPres.
J. D. Hurd; Hon. Vice. Pres. C. Sim-
ijatWJl.~£r.ei*iaent J. L. Gates; vice-
president, " Paddy Hughes; , secretary,
Albe^jCartlidge. *PW HugheSk was^ap
have tlbeen especially "con'side'rate1''' and
generous",,,In.,view, of Fernie'-'recent
ordeal,, and liave .assumed' part'-'bf*. tlie
same, themselves. • Even-'so,', needless
to sji}% the .financial obligations incurred are.by no.means a negligible^ "quantity, as. by- the very thorough.jWorklng
plans on,such a Bcale will be readily ,unT
derstood.;-.This offers nb difficulty!
however in.the way of an evangelistic
campaign, and-thc expenses will without doubt be all well covered as time
goes on. No doubt, some of the business men will bo glad to contribute tb
the-campaign expense fund In addition to the offerings that may be taken
up at the meetings. For the next
month the predominant interest lii'the
whole community will undoubtedly be
the progress of this campaign'as lt de-
velopes from week to week.  ■
During the meetings personal'^workers ! will be stationed in various'parts
of.,the auditorium, under the direction
of the leader.   ' Similarly special ush-
(Continued on page eight)    **  ,
CoiiHidi'i'iilile connm-nt Iiiih lii.-en lienrd in con-
noutioii with tlii' iiiiiynr'N vi-lo nn the iiii-rimm*. of
MiiKinli'iil.* Wliinisti'i-'s wilnry iih niii|4iHlriit** of tin.-
city of rVniio. Wc iuivii been nuked by KOVi'l'nl
of our li.'inliiiK citiwns wlml our opinion iviih on
the miittei*. Wi.- ni'iile .son).- very rigid inquirii's
nnd hiivc ckiim* to th. rimolusion tlmt tho hiiiiio
cliquo wlio tried to get rid of MnB'mtriiln WliiinHk'r
bc-foro tin* firo are at work UKiiiti, nnd wo nrn sur-
pi-mod tlmt Miiyor IIi-rHnnor would tnko mich «
stand on tlie nmttor. n
Wlx.mvi-r yon mni h rliii---' ixni^'niti >'»u "'»u;,i
go down to tins bottom nnd mio wliut rvunoii ilicy
Imvi; for wnntiiiK to got uny ninn'H Himlp. In thin
in'Htiinoo it is not very hard to nut ut Uiu bottom,
for the tiling iH milf iippunnit, MftgiHtnito Whim.
Hior ih too (■iniKriL-nViniim u i\i»u, .*.:.*.! •"''<■ »■*-"■-^ •*"
either hrilied nr HcnvoA from whnt lio oonHiilerH
fair and jiiNt, and that if» the renwm that lnemk-M
of tho two political parties, momborH of tho legal
profossion and hotel men wish him removed from
Iiis position,
Whom do thoy wish to put in his place? Where
will thoy find a man who will sii with the namo
ewiKoiouNnoHs nnd honesty nnd handle justice and
law nH it should bo hnndledt
Whilo we would not for n moment pretend to
nay aught against any of the men thnt thin i .ii|ii.•
liave in view, ns w« eoniiulcv tluil one and nil <*»f
The" police'are not giving satisfaction. That is,
perhaps, putting it rather blunt, but whether it is
their own fault or tlie fault of their superiors,'.the'
result is the same—they are weighed in the balance
and found wanting. We will explain why and
where. First, a policeman's duty is to patrol
the streets, arrest any person who is" misbehaving,
and enforce all tlio laws that come within , their
Our police are very seldom on our* streets al:
night time, and lately several ladies and gentlemen
too have been openly insulted by drunken brutes,
and in two or three instances ladies havo had to
cross thc street to avoid drunks. This should not
be, and we hnvo noticed it too frequently.
The police should be uniformed and should
parado np and down the streets, not only one street
and they certainly should not habitnte pool rooms
and card rooms for hours nt a time. Gambling wns
supposed to have been stopped, and it certainly is
it funny thing to see our police loitering around a
"game" for hours, and apparently amused by it.
Wo must havo a change from this systom, and at
onco. It is up to tho commissioners to attend to
THEIR duty and either make the polico do theirs,
or get a new force.
Tho relief trial shows some remarkably smart
work by the whole outfit. Loekliart hns done
things in sueh a ciirolcss. slip shod way, that no ono
knows whore things will end. Tho other secretary,
neeording to (lie evidence, was pretty loose in his
mot hods, nnd the late chairnian did not know how
such things as books wero kept by tho secret nry,
_i;t all these individuals hnd norvo onough to try
and roust us for calling them to ordor on sovornl
occiisions. Did thoy need it? Timo will toll,
Was there any er'oola'diiess? We shall sen
what wc shall Noe,
Tho trivial and rather sarcastic manner which
the editor of the. Free Press employs this wcok in
roforrinu to tho Chapman-Alexander eampnign in
(his city, is not. at all called tor. l>ov»ut people
all over tho district have been looking [nrwui-tl
to these meetings for months, nnd wo can say with
no fear of ■■oiitrnfHi .Ion thnt the eity nf Fornio is
about as ripe for a thorough cleaning nnd cleansing
as any centre in the west. More power. U> Cm -ov-an
Thoro ifl now an assurance of prosperity for
Fernio and district, and in sharing your good fool,
ings do not forget tho printer. You get full value
for every cent Hpont in judicious advertising in a
recognized paper like The Ledger, Wo havo the
largest guarnnti'od circulation of nny weekly paper in thc. Kootennys and nro turning out the most
ridable and creditable papor issued. Htnrt your
own prosperity by extra advertising.
sence.lf only for d day'of Di\ Wilbur
Chapman and Mr."Alexander, personally, but this seems Impossible, as they
are due at the Coast .en route to ■ Australia. The leaders in the Kootenay
campaign are workers who have been
Intimately associated :wlth Chapman
and Alexander ln different places In
the east, and those coming to Fernie
are fresh from the extraordinary
scones In Boston, which liave been woll
nigh unprecedented In the life of the
present generation,
The city from centre to circumference has been moved In a fashion that
cnn only be, compared with the first
meetings of Mr, Moody, or the still
more remarkable movements associated with the name of C. G. Finney, a
generation earlier. ' This fact alone
will bo one of tho biggest Inspirations
to all thoso v,who havo boen looking and
longing for a spiritual "uplift to como
to these parts,
The mootlngs aro designed to appeal
to all classes in the community. Tho
Hrst' mooting at which tho evangelists
will uppear will bo a mass mooting for
mon on Sunday afternoon' at 3 »,m,
at which there will bo a male quavlol
and other miiBlcnl attractions. The
now hymns will bo Bung and the Alexander hymnhook used throughout the
campaign, and arrangements have heen
mndo by whloh.thoy can bo purchasod
on tlio promlsoH, Tho books contain
tho music and will soil at twenty-five
contH each.
Tho first goneral public mooting will
bo on Sunday ovoning, at 7,30 p.m.
Bruco's hall htiR boon taken for tho
month of April, and tho moollngs will
bo held ovory night oxcopt Saturday,
Tlio Intorlor will bo nrranffod ho ns to
provide sentlng accomodation for flvo
or ulx hundred, n choir of fifty or sixty
will bo In attendance) throughout tho
ontiro HOt'loH.     Jt Ib expected tliut the
Fernie Opera House
mamaaammammtm ——■««
Wo present to you tonight that
great piny
f a*-> t»SL JL
Ainong Othors
All Hn ha or tin* Forty TWuvch
Wind Woman's Story
All for a DIihI
Chnrnicd Umbrella
Wooilclinppcr'H D-uightcr
Hung:   "My lU'sniy" by O. i„
M. A. Kastner
Firei Life, Plate Glass
." and Accident
Property For Sale in
all parts of the
", city "
Houses   For
_-A*y"ent__   ,-    ■"■•*'     '    , -
: Nevv;Oliver-Typewriter
Machine given out on trial
No Charge
Highest   Price   Paid   for
South African War, Script
ed, is enough to interest en masse the
theatre goers of this city.- Miss Rob-.'
ertf£*w!^afri^r£at th'e"Perhie^^r«i
dage,"H whicir %>i«^Ji$raldeS0 by
words of praise that indicate thp dramatic treat of years. • Miss Roberts is
said to have appeared in no previous
role S9 fluted to her exceptional and
which meets at Michel to-day. . The
.m8P.a£em-?. t committee are J. Stewart.
T. Spear.J. Barr, J..Neil, J. Thorn-
ley, .,R„.^ittler,.D.,Hunter,. J. ■ * Mc-
Keown,7rf.',H.,',Johnson.' .,(,v j'],'"777
i-ii,i. .*;.-!n' ,','i."t it,',..il'.-..m'-''.i 3:'■ fs'i;'.i-fi..j-iiV
.- The famous artist, FlorencejRqberts,
in <the most.suitable* role she has yet
played; and • surrounded by the most
competent'-'support 'she has yet .enjoy-,
!      ■ .     •'    ■, ••'     ''!'.!!        ,'   ■'   U   .l    ',W  '  ',    .   I,   .,     .
           • ,    '  .   -  -t   I     - -
'lisff authorship
and locale, but hits a theme of universal interest, while abounding throughout in brilliant dialogue and absorbing
Situations. ^JThe.names'of Thurlow
Bergen^ Hallet BosWrth/liarry: Gibbs
;^nft" Warrington' and 'Mary^' ,Bertraiid
.]appe*i*r,(ih'tliel'8up*pOTtiiig' cast," '.Under
the direction of Jcihri CortUW.-usijial
attractive  Roberts'    production    ' i*
h"w ■'•*. -..*)'
■•■i.-r ■
Is it Possible
That I can ,buy choice "fruit lands with 7R
a good water supply^ ■ within 30, miles, of;.
,    Fernie,, bn  the  installment plan. ; Such «■■'"
easy payments are'not offered by any otheu',
company. Write for circular on" "Kootenai-
. Irrigation Tract"
p. W. HART, (Agt. for Canada) Baywes, B. C.
Don t forget that I am back
in the old stand and that
my prices are better
.'..'■". than   ever'
Suits   $5.00   to
Shirts     75c to y
Shoes    2.00 to
5.00i  -■-;
■. a ■ \
Caps      50c  to
1.50; .'....
. i *(
Trunks 3,50 to
See my swell line of Neckties. r'A    _    rf* _
all styles      -       -       -        .^UC 10 $3
■   ,''''• '-        .        . '     „ 7 .  .   *'
(Next door to Hotel Fernie)
Methods during the many
years of our dealings have
proven the wisdom of trading with us. While working
for a business we have been
working for a reputation, we
have gained it, and it will be
upheld. Every deal with us
is a satisfactory deal. We
guarantee that.


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