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The District Ledger Mar 19, 1910

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: Provincial Library 30"J n~i:->K:
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Industrial Unityi'is Strengrtb
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The Official O-rgra-x**-. of District No. 18, U. M. *w. of A.
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Political Unity is Victory
VOL. V.   __o. 33
FERNIE,   B. O,  March 19th,   1910
$1.00 a Year
WORKS 0 VER TIME
Fred and John Boulanger, Nat,' Bab-
, cock and Fred Varlow, who are implicated in,the hold-up at,Coal Creek on
■ Fobruary 19th, were brought, up before
; Provincial . Magistrate'' . Alexander ->  on
- .Saturday afternoon last. Evidence was
,   taken by Chief Cory Dow, of the Cran-
■ brook* police, as to tho arrest* of John
_ Boulanger, and to the finding of a photo with a diagram in lead-pencil on the
scene of the holdup.-The case was then
remanded until 10 o'clock Monday mor-
■- ning.  M.   A.  MacDonald  of  Cranbrook
Is  acting as  prosecutor.  Herchmer  &
"McDonald   for. Fred   Boulanger;   Eck-
*• stein & McTaggart for. John Boulanger
and Jt.ons-& Lane for Fred sVarlow and
* Nat Babcock.
Upon the resumption of the caso on
■ .Monday morning the court was deUar-
,   od closed and the general public wero
not admitted, A legal argument ensued
' as to the custody of the accused,   and
Magistrate Alexander desired to make
It known that anyone, attorney or oth-
-.' erwlse, wishing* to* see them or trans-
' act  any   business    with  the    accused,
, would have to.do so through the mc-
'" dium of the Provincial Police, Who'had
' the custody of them, and not the city
■; police.   •        •-.,•"'■■.,        < <,.
'"  ,.W, Stewart,'clerk at the Royal hotel
'•was'-'duly sworn to prove .the signature
. of Nat Babcock, in the, hotel register.
, Thomas* Gallon, accountant at-the Imperial, bank,   upon' being  duly . sworn,
was   asked, by .the.-,prosecutor,' M.   A.
Macdonald if he could swear that the
signatures of Nati Babcock on the hotel
register-and also on the a letter pro**-
-, duced were written by .the same person:'*. -Witness in.rply said he thought
* they, were.,   - "  ,--, ■* .*     -*..-*. ■ -. .
J.  W.   Quinney,   upon*   being    duly
: sworn,' related the story of how Baird
and ho had been held up., by two mask-
. ed-mert at Coal Creek*?-on the night of
- "February 19th, The "men woremackin-
" aw coats, '.which .were . pulled  up over
' '"their.'ears; and,also had masks on their
.- faces'^ and he' thought' they - spoke in
-feigned* voices7The men went .through
'■'ttu''ir*'pocket8  and  took ■'from 'his  two
* sealed packages which had been handed-to him "by Mr. Classon, accountant
at' -Coal • Creek, and which contained
about $1200, .belonging to the , Trites-
■ Wood Company.  Immediately the men
'" had   taken' everything   of   value   from
,'- th'eir pockets they were told .to back
„ up to the store, which they did.   'The
' holdups   then   ran- away   toward-   the
*, train.   Baird   and   himself   when' they
.saw the coast clear followed suit.,  The
■■* night being moonlight they-were'able
,7to'seo a considerable'distance,.and-he
* -could see the: pair.*; scatter, and another-
,  parl.\\runnlng up from the train to try
' and intercept them. He afterwards discovered   this .was  Constable.' ...Varlow.
:One  of  the  men   fired  a  shot  at'the
'- constable, 'when   passlng-him.  ■-  He—
Quinney—saw the flash;, and  from its
. direction would' say the shot was fired
• downwards. .     Baird , met   Varlow' . a
-second or so before him, and he heard
'■Varlow say^.t'o. Baird,that he  thought
* the  shot  came  from - the  direction • of
■ the store, and wanted them to go'back
and look for the* men. ■   They, .however
 ..,..._.1,......-_*1»a_'.m. ~1» ,*a.»lHm_ A_nt,An_ t h^.
 1 cii-uun li— tn*c— nacn,-*.! j u.g- .O -ovO,J—*.»»*o
.train,  which   had   started,   and..which
■ the; two men' had .'boarded, but" thoy
were unsuccessful. '■ They .then went
"over to the Coal Company office and
•rang up Mr.'-McDonald of the   Trites-
Wood company and:told him that they
had been held up and robbed, and.that
-.-.the men were, on the-train-which;left
■'*   Coul ,Cr<|ek.•'•-Conl»tabl^,•Vat•Jow, rang
•iiup.the provlheltff'pollw office,;ottChlef
' ■-,- Sampson's residence,* and told him that
'Trltc»-.Wood-m«n, had-'beon* hold'up-'-at
Coal Creek,1* and asked; him. to .have the
train searched, as ,lt was. thought the
men* had gone down to Fernie..,   The
* evidence, corroborates tho story that
appeared In our Issue of February>19th.
" Ho was not subject to -any cross-oxam-
. inatlon.    " -   ' .-,
Thomas  Baird.  sworn,  said  Ho  was
employed   at   Trltcs-Wood     store    at
■> Coal Creek. On Saturday night,' the
'19th-of February he accompanied Mr,
' Quinney. who oanie up from tho Fernie
office, to take the ciiBh. They left the
store together and when by thc provincial jail two men who wero masked;
and had nwcklnaw coats on, stepped
, out and told tliem to hold up*, tliolr
.hands. One of tho two men had two
"revolvers In his hands whloh were levelled at their hearts, Thoy throw un
their hands, otherwise ho thought thoir
heads would bo blown off. Thoir pocli-
» otH wore' gone through; and after ov-
"orythlng Imd boon taken from tliem,
they were commanded to back up to
tho store. Thoy did so slowly and he
(Baird) trlod to open tlio store door,
but found that It was locked. Qulnnoy
was left down on the 'stops of tho vo-
riiniluli, Whon being packed up two
other men appeared, whom the masked strangers told to throw up , tho r
hands nnd buck up with tho two. Thoir
names lio afterwards illscovorod woro
Talbot nnd nnvK He next heard a
shot, nnd Immediately inn In tho dirootion, whon he saw Constablo Varlow
; who said tho shpt camo from the direction of tho store; and asked them to
ko back and search there, Asked If
no did not sen tho mon running away,
ho replied thnt IiIh hack wnn towards
thom and ho could not soo thom on
that account, , Howovor, nftor mooting thn   OjOnntnlilo   lio saw   ono man,
HOLD-UP CASE NOW AT FEVER HEAT
whom he thought was one of those
who'held him up. Jump on the train
whicli was moving. He and Quinney
and Varlow then ran towards the
train, und shouted to get lt stopped,
but without avail. We then went to
the Coal Company office and I phoned
Mr. McDonald and told him we> had
heen held up. , Varlow phoned to Mr.
Sampson I think, he rang two places.
He told the party on 'the phone that
the - Trites-Wood 'men had heen held
up, and asked him to have the train
searched as he thought the men were
on , the train. 'Varlow then went to
Coughlin to get a:horse and rig to go
to Fernie. I was.not with hlm.when
he went for this. We then went back
to the store, accompanied by Varlow,
and he said lie-was going to take the
Trites-Wood horses out of the barn. • I
told him no, we would see Mr. Roose
first.
Cross-examined by W. R, Ross; Mr.
Baird, it was a pretty moonlight night
was it not?
"Yes.
■You had a good opportunity of sizing
these men up?    .
Well no; we were in the .shadow of
tho jail. The men were crouching when
they held us up. I should say that
the taller of the two was 5 ft. ,10 and
slim, and the smaller about 5 ft. 7 and
stout.     - "*
Were you excited?
It was an exciting time from begin-,
nlng to end.
How long did It last?
"It seemed a long time  to  me, 'but I
guess lt was short enough.      t.
v, How   far  were   you  away  from  the
store when you were told to hold up
your hands?        *
1 think about 100'feet?
Did you see the flash of. the gun?
No; but the sound came from the direction of the hill.     ,">
Who got to the phone first?
I did.   .
What were the words that Varlow
said when he was-speaking to Fernie?
He -.said there had been a hold-up,
and to get men and search the train..
. Did you not think that .Varlow was
doing everything in his power?   ■
Yes; I thought he was doing everything: that could possibly, be done.
Did   it   not ■ surprise you   when   you
heard that Varlow had a hand ln this?
. Yes? ,but .1' thought  it  strange  that
he ■ did not go after the. men when lie
was fired atj ."■■■" *
■ Court, then.-adjourned until two o'clock.       ,     ■*   --* (, -
■ , Leo Claassen; ■ sworn, ' said „ he was
accountant at Trites-Wood store at
Coal Creek.- -*' On .the ,19th of February
which was 'pay - night, Mr. Quinney
came up from-the Fernio to.take down
the   cash,, whlchvl-handed- to -hlm  in
thrna' nanlfBa-ol) - analort     II.Tn   fine  nnnlt.
age w'a's '11100- lp\,currency",' -another
packa      -   --  ■ ......
third
packagfii';Jfi-,«5-.In'.* currency., and in the
third l*t,g5.;The>lll00 package* was
made up of 40' |2tSs.and».8. $50s, .while
tho other packages were loose change,
In one of'the packages wore also three
cheques and* two time cheques. One of
thc cheques was for 1489,60 made by
the'Trites-Wood'co .'ippany in. favor of
,H,- Roose. and another for fU4<50 .by
,nev. Uishley. Hall .in favor of--Rev.
.Scott, and soother ohoque drawn* by the
p. ,-C. ■goyeri'.inent |n favor^of 'J.. 13. Jay'
. Cross-oxaihined *'by'"S.  Herchmer:--
Did you have.*any conversation with
Quinney as to what'-was -in the envelope*? . <
.*.A: No: I do not remember, ■
i Q: Were the envelopes sealed?
.   A: Yos, with sealing wax. •
. Q: Did Qulnnoy know how much was
In lhe envelopes?
A: I don't think he, did.   .  •
■*-. Q:  Did Qulnnoy look at the envelopes to see if they wore sealed?
A: I don't think ho did?
. Q:   Qulnnoy  had  no  check   on   you,
but you had a check on him?
A: Yos., ,, ,
Q: Has the monoy always boen sent
down in that way?
A: Yos, ns long as I have beon at the
store. •
Q: Qulnnoy claims lie only got two
onvolopos from yon?
A: Horocolved throe; two woro thin
envelopes,' i
QiHow many times did Quinney
como for tho monoy? '
A': Twice; thin was tho socond occasion.- '• • ' -
, JamoK Hall, sworn, nald ho wns 17
years of ago, living at Conl Creek. On
tho night of February 10th, which waH
pay night, I • was coming homo from
work at Nn. 5 nilno whorol am on-
gaged ait hall hoy, and when neav tho
train going to Fornio I thought there
wns going to bo a fight. I stayed
around thoro a considerable tlmo and
thoro wns i» crowd of mon nround, Con-
Htalile Varlow wim trying to stop thu
men. I afterwards startod to go homo
with my brother,.Wlillo and Jos, Fear-
on. Tho throe of uh wont up tho Hhort
cut. When wo got to tho top on tho
main road wo stopped, and two mon
came running from tho back of the
store crouching down. They ran on
to the road and then I saw two others
coming down the main road. One of the
two men who came from behind the
store held a gun in each hand and satd
"Hands "Up." I waited about a minute
and then ran down the short cut towards the train. I met my two companions here, who had run down before
me, and wo went and saw Varlow at
the train.. My brother Willie spoke to
Varlow and said "There are two men
on tho top of the road, by the lock-up,
who would not let us pass. They had
guns ln their hands and they said
'Hands Up' to two other men.
■ Varlow said "You are' only, joshing,
aren't you?*'
My brother said No. He said 'Sho'
don't make so much noise about It.'
Varlow then went and asked Blair Letcher If he was going to take a walk
up, and Letcher satd No; it's time the
train went.' * 'We were down at the
train with Varlow at least before he
started to go up with us. We then proceeded to walk up the track,and then
up the short cut. When we ,got to the
top of the short cut we.saw a fellow
running  down.    " ' ..
Q: How many men did you see?
A: I saw only one. Varlow said Halt,
and .then tho fellow shot -.a' gun. Varlow was about two yards from the man
when he shot the gun. When the gun
:*^is fired I turne'd and ran down to
the coaches. The man-then came running down, and,jumped on the train
and then jumped off the other side
and fan' across the, creek by the offices. The train was just moving slowly out when he jumped off. (Cross,examined by W. R. Ross;
•Q: Do you remember who the fight
was -between?
A: No.
Q: Was Varlow trying to stop the
fight?    ■       .
A: Yes.
Q: Was there any,men about when
you ran down to tell Varlow there
were two men with guns In their hands
who would not let. you pass?
i A: Yes; there were, some on . the
platform. '•'-,''
Q: I suppose your brother'was .excited, and spoke loud? -.. • ,.,
A: My brother'was excited;'we all
were. This is the first hold-up I have
seen and I* don't want to see.another.
' Q: I suppose they could have heard
what your brother said?
A: I'- don't think thoy could* have
heard everything" that^my brother said.
Q: What did Blair Letcher say when
Varlow asked him to come up?
A: "I guess the boys are only peddling." -" " ■
■> Q: Did Blair Letcher hear what your
brother said to Varlow?-   '
 m^\-;- -T_ f -h I., lr_=,J,e={l \rlw     -   - *	
. Q: Was it "a moonlight night? ■
A:' Yes. - '■'..•
Q: Did you note-the description of
the,men?        .    -
A:'They had Mackinaw coats .which
.were buttoned up to their ears and
their faces looked.black to us.-, .,
S. Herchmer also asked', witness a.
fow questions, relative .to,*- tlie .^spced
of tho train pulling out ot-Coal'-Creek
and the,, firing-of, the .Shetland the.description of the' men. *;?'■.;• •- ■
.' William Hall, duly /styorn, said he
was IB years of ago arid a'brothor of
tho provlous.witness. He was,engaged as trapper at No. 5 mine.and was
working on morning shift o ntho 19th
of February, He'-'camo down to,Fornie that evening with Jos.-Ffiar.oii and
got back-to Coal Creek about, 20'minutes past' 11 ■ o'clock. Wo waited for
my brother, and then wont up the short
cut to get on tho main road. When we
got on the' top we saw two mon runt
ning down tho main road, from the
storo, cross the track, and., hold * two
storo mon up. Tho two were bonding
down and had Mackinaw coats on, We
ran down nnd I told Policeman Varlow
nt the coaches that thorn wero two mi'ii
up on tho road with revolvers, and wo
could not got past. Ho said 'Hho, don't
make so much noise. Ho thought wo
wore joshing hlm. Blair Lotchor was
standing thoro and Varlow asked hlm
to tako a walk up around the top but
ninlr said wo wore peddling, In* about
throo or four minutes ho camo up with
uh, Wo went up tho short cut but beforo
wo got to the top of tho hill, ho told
us to keep back, In caso wo got shot,
Wc thon saw two mon come running
down and ono of thom shot, Wo tlmn
run away and-across tho crook by the
offico nnd up the ctpoU on tho othor
sldo and 1 novor saw thest- two mon
again.
Ho was cross-examined by W. Ti,
Uohs: , ,
Q: Was Fonron with you all tho tlmo?
A; Yon.  ■ , ..   ,.   ■
Q: I' Hiipposo you worn oxcltodv
A: Yes.
A: Yos. , ,
Q: What was Varlow doing at the
coaches when you saw him the t'lrsl
tlmo?
A: He heard tliere was going to be'a
fight, and Varlow was there trying to
stop the mon. »
Q; How did you know there was going to be a fight?     -
A: Because we heard the^men chewing thc fat at the coaches.
Q: How long were you away boforo
you  came  back  again   to  ask  Varlow
10 come up with -you, as there were
men with revolveis wlio would not let
you pass?
A: About three or four minutes.
Q: Were there any men close enough
to have heard what you said to Varlow?
A:, I believe there, we're.
Q: What did Varlow say.when you
told him about the two men with revolvers in their hands who ,would not
let your pass?
• A: Ho thought we wero joshing him,
and he told us so and not make so
much noise.
Q: When you went up the short cut
with Varlow did you see the two men?
A: We saw them running down and
then I started to run.
This witness was also cross examined  by  S.  Herchmer as to-whether he
hud any  Idea of  time. Witness  stated
that  he  did  and   Herchmer  then   proceeded to test him by holding, a'watch
and indicate when 8 minutes' had passed.     , ......
, Jos. Fearon, sworn, said he was 15
years of age and employed as'tally boy
on the tipple. On the night of February 19th he was at Fernie with Willie
Hall, and returned to Coal Creek on the
11 o clock train. -'We .waited ,ror Jim
Hall that night by, the telephone post
and we all went across the track and
up the short cut to-go home." As we
were going up°wu saw two.men come
from behind" thc Jail. They .were crouching down and one of them had two
revolvers,-and said 'Hands up,'- to two
other men coming down from the T.W.
store. We stayed- a .little' -while and
then ran down and told;Varlow. Willie
told Varlow there were two men-with
revolvers and we were afraid to go
past. Varlow.told'us we were joshing,
he went to see' the conductor and he
said we were peddling". We stayed at
the train for three.or four niinutes and
then went up the. short cut with Varlow. Before we got to, the top Varlow
told us to keep. back'\in, case we got
shot. When we got.- to the'-' top we
saw one of the menu running down with
something in two hands held out.- Varlow was only three or/four' yards from
the man that was* running down. We
then turned* around and ran away and
I did not see the men again.* I heard a*
shot fired, but did'not see thc flash.
.This, witness was not* subject to any
cross-examination...    *'■ ■*,.-
Acting Chief Ii. .W.' Bowen, ■ sworn,
.saJd,hajvas,empJoved„bviJthe_clty._and,
had been acting aa chief in the absence
of R. N. Clerke for tl*' past five weeks,
My first* connection, with thc accused
was on the'night of'the 10th or the
morning of the Ilth. ! On the night ot
the 10th I got-Instructions from Cranbrook ,and r arrested {Fred Boulanger
at about 12.30 or thereabouts: Constable
.Gorman,,-.Jailer Hartley .and ,R. yW;
WooA were wltls-me when-Tin-iade the
arrest.- ".We.went.to'Boulanger's house
and I;rapped at. the-door. Fred came to
the window upstairs and asked who
wero we, and, I told-<'him policemen. I
said 'Put on your clothes and come
down.' ,. In a few minutes he-came
d,own and -I charged hlm that' I was going to arrest'him on suspicion of tho
hold-up at* Coal Creek on February* 19.
r cautioned him. that'anything ho said
may be .taken .down and used against
him on theday of his trial. Jailer Hartley, and I took him to the lockup. At
the polico station I searched, Frod Boulanger and found a letter in a pocket
hook which had been sent by Babcock.
Tho letter produced tn court was tho
one I found on-him. At that tlmo I had
no conversation with him. In tlio meantime I had loft It. W. Wood and Constable Cinrman at Roulnnger's houso to
seo If t|iey could find any statements
or money. 1 .went back and wo searched the house from top'to*' bottom but
wo could not find anything.
Gorman had found a gun whilo I
wav away. .We thon wont back to tho
polico station and 1 bow Frod Boulanger und he told mo whero tho money
was,
Cross-cxamlnod  by S.  Horchmor;  '
Q: You wore in tha house for about
an  hour?
A. Yen, ,.*,
fjr When you wore soarchlng this
houso did you huvo a Hoarch warrant?
A: No,
Q: Whon you camo hnok from searching tlio houso woro the throo of you
In tho coll?
Vl'H,       ■ ,
You  woro  looking  for  Information?
Yos,
You know Frod lin.it a, wlfo and four
clilldrun?
Y«h. I know thnt, tho oldest of tho
children Is about ten yours,
When you were after this Information, was it not a'general conversation
between everyone? „ v
Yes.
I.s it not a fact that Wood.said 'Fred
I am damned sorry for you.
Something like that.
Wood spoke again after that did he
not?
Yes. • ' '
What did he say?
I could not say.
i Did ho not say that Fred was not as
bad as tlf.e rest of them?
No.  '
Did he not say 'You are not the man
we are after?'.
Not In* my presence.
Did not Wood say it would be better
for, him, Fred, It he told the whole
thing? .
Something to that effect.
Did not Wood opon up the-game?
No: I opened up the gamo. Ho told
Wood 'I could not keep It another
week.'
Did you: ever hear the word 'spiel'
before?
Yes.' o
• Are Vou not the father of it? '
No sir I am not the. father of it,
Did you -not say to' Fred that It
would be beter to spiel the whole
thing, up? \
No. . \        .
■ Did not anyone say that if he would
spiel the whole thing up that they
would ' see • to It that he got a light
sentence? , . *,
, Yes; 1 remember Mr. Wood saying
that. ' J> -      c        .
Did you not hear anything said about
tearing the shingles off the roof if the
money was not found?
*   It waB said that in the morning'the
house would be well searched.
I repeat the question again: Did you
hear it said.
■- I remember the word," that If necessary the house would be torn to pieces.'
lt was after all these things had been
said by Wood, about tearing down the
house and light sentence, that he' told
you where the money was? '   '
He told me before1 Wood spoke to
him to go down to the,Missus and she
would tell where 'the money was. He
wanted me to take.him down and his
wife would find it but I told hlm I
could not take him down,
When you went into the cell, Is It
not a fact that Fred Boulanger was
nervous?
Yes.   „'*"•"
, Was he not crying?.  '
Yes.       -'--■.
When this man was first arrested,
did anyone say anything to his wife,
that they would do what they could
for her?■     •     ■
I know that I tried    to sympathize
-1IT-]-}ll_lw> ».^*1 ♦ ,1.*-. ttn.A^'1 « "l^l ..„,. r.r.—T-
could; I tried to calm her and said that
there was nothing in It,
■ :Dld you not tell her that It would not
go hard with her? ..
I don't think so.
Did not anyone say that they would
do all In their power*, for- her?
Yes; Wood said so. '   .-
In the'preesnee of'Fred?-'.
-   Yes. •   ,■  ■    ' -ii iv      '--rv   iJiJii'*-V
Bowerti-wan-then subjected;to .'cro«s-
examlnatlon  by L.  P.;,Eckstein?    ,
Who suggested going..Into-thiB man's
cell?    . •
1 did. ;    .*
What was.your object ln going Into
thiB cell?  • '
' To savo a lot of trouble.   ■
Did you;have a search warrant' to
search*.the' house?
No,
Was it not possible for you to obtain'
such a-warrant?   *
. I did not think It was nocessary at
thnt tlmo of night.      We do not usually get a warrant after dark.
Who gavo you ■ Instruction to make
tho arrest of Fred Boulanger?
I received instructions from Cranbrook.
From whom?
Mr. Trltos by phono.
Court thon .adjourned until two o'clock,
' Tu«Niln>- Afternoon
.' Tlio court opened at 2,30 on Tuesday
afternoon. S-Herchmor again took up
tho croHH examination of Acting Chlof
Bowen nnrt went ovor tho arrest of
l-Yi'd HoulanH'oi'.
Q: Is it not n fact tlmt ynu woro In
Fred Jlolilailgor'fl cell twice nn Friday
evening to gut a confession'.'
No; unfit".
Where did you tako Frod Hniilnnirov
to get Vis oonfoHHlpn?
To my bedroom,
AV lm wiih In tlio room wltli Fron
when hn rend his confoHHlon','
I Ih'IIhvo llioro waH Wood, Howard,
a I'liikorton doteotlvo, and the city
stenographer.
Old you son tho confosRlon signed?
No; I wiih In tho offlco,
Who   let   Wood   nnd   Iho   ntliors   I"?
Gorman, J oxpeot.
Who was In charge?
I was.
Did you consent to their coming in to
interview  the accused?
They did nol ask consent.
Herchmer proceeded "- io 'put a lot
more questions to witness wlio stated
that they were details and ho couid
not remember every little detail. The
counsel stated that the things wore not
details, lt waB important that they
should have everything that transpired. These men are charged with a
serious offense for wliich they are liable to imprisonment for life.
Q: Can you remember Fred Boulanger saying tho first night that lie could
not tell where thc money was?
He did say that at first. I went to
ills cell and asked him where the money .was,'but he said that he could not
tell.
Why did you not tell us that yesterday?
■ You are  getting mo confused.
■Do   you   remember' what   Mr.   Wood
said at the* house just after the arrest
was made?
He sympathised with the wife, and
told her that he was going, to do everything in his power for Fred.
Did she not thank him?
Yes. ."   *
Did not Fred say, 'Thank'you very
much Mr. Wood, 1 know you will do all
in your power for me?'
Not in the house,
■   Where did he say it then?
In   the  cell.
MacDonald thc .prosecutor, examined
the witness on a tew points re the ar-
resf.       - ,     . '
Counsel then went into legal.argument about admitting the confession of
Fred Boulanger, Herchmer claiming the
alleged confession had been obtained
by threats, promises and what not, and
should not be admitted in the preliminary hearing or the trial. "If the confession Is not allowed to go in it is
quite possible that my client, Fred Bo-
longer, will be dismissed from custody. If on the other hand it Is allowed to go in my client lias to wait, for
a jury trial, on the 17th of-May. 1
claim that, the alleged confession was
wrongfully got. and It Is not admissible for evidence."
This magistrate, however, allowed it
to go in as evidence subject, to a protest of the counsels for the defense.
MacDonald continued to examine Bowen. .   ' * -  ,   -
What was found on your third ,trip
to Boulanger's house?
I found *>100 ln $50 bills.
Have you got them with you?
Yes.. . Witness produced two' $60
bills upon  the Home Bank.
Where did you get .them?    , ,
Between the sld»; wall and the roof
1 n a small-creyiOy of threeJnche-_.They
vvererToriea"up^tO.Bether~a*^rrd"had~rolled
down"  to the jolstq; -7
When  did  you  see  Fred  Boulanger?
Between eight and .nine on Friday
evening, , .
Who was with you?
Constable Gorman, Jailer Hartley and
R.  W. Wood.        .       -   ■    '■
MacDonald:.Tell us what passed between you? ., .. ,. '.' - ,-■ ,...,,.
.'H*-sald' __-longas T "am In it you
Had-better get the'other one, •'■VttHKeil
'What othor ono?'' and' he «iild 'Fred
Varlow.' - I thon asked,hlm* what.part
Varlow took In it, and ho told nlc'that
this had been made up between thom
for nearly twelve months, uIho that
hp had glvon Fred Varlow $ JOO,of the
money. Acting undor that information I went up to Coal Creek on tho
two'o'clock train accompanied by. Constable Gorman,
MacDonald: Tell what took place
there?'
Fred Varlow was by the side of the
truck when tho train stopped. I told
hlm that I was going to arrest him
on suspicion of being one of thoso implicated in the hold-up at Coal Creek
on tho night of February 19th. I cautioned hlm.
MnuDoiiHld: In what words?
"That aiiythlng.^io spoko could bo
taken down In writing and used
against him on the day of llm trial."
I put Varlow In tho caboose and we
waited at Coal Crock until tho train
came down, something 'to 4 o'clock. I
loft Varlow In the bottom of lho ca-
booce alono and I*wan silting on the
top part. When within a milo of Fernio varlow came up by mo and said
"I whh awfully lonely down below. If
It whh not for Dm drink I would not
bu mixed up In thin. I havo tried for
two or three iiiuiUIin with Sampson in
got a movo from Coal Creek, 1 wnnt oil
to ho out of the thing altogether.' The
next thing ho risked me If 1 could help
lilm out In nny' way,
At ihls Juncture W, It. Homh subjected wltiicHH to a wry severe ci'obh examination rulnilVH to the nrrost of
Varlow?
When ynu nrroHtod Varlow did ho
not seoin HurprlHiiil?
lie turned pule,
Did he not ask you repeatedly what
you arrested him for?
No; he did not ask me repeatedly?
rant'   V°U  teU  him  you   had "no  war"
No".
Where did you caution Varlow'
On the steps of the caboose,
hlm?     Wu''e ,,resc:u when y°u warned
Tho two Lcicliors and Gorman.
Have you seen either of the Letcher
boys since Varlow's arrest, and had a
conversation with them regarding the
warning  you   gavo   to  Varlow?
house,Ufor?d  y°U K° t0      ihe telebefa
That's a mailer for nivself
chei-VniMy?01  frlc"^*»-"-'i  tho  Let-
Witli one of the Letcher family.
them?5'0" "0t '   k ovc'1' lhis casft wJth
I might have in a general way.
■f«p.Vi   f_-U .'?"<w aboul llle reward of-    .
fered   fpr   the  capture   ofo the  men   ln
r-0r?2£ct,0.n  w,,h  t,,e hold-u    a™ Coa"
Yea' "  y°U  Weilt up Aere?
■ Is  It not fact that Varlow and  you
are not on good term-*;? y
No.
_.ls 'r !\°7.c?.rrcct ,h"-t you froze him
out of the city police  force?       *   " <
f'ni_o:.  Va_°,w ■ 'has   always   been   my
friends and Is now.  » •
Have you declared that you are mak-
ng  those statements  unwillingly, and
tlmt   you   were  making  them   because-
your  counsel*had   stated   that  If   you
did not you would .have 12 months?    •
Witness paused but said Yes
■ \\ hat were you doing In the caboose"
during the time you were waiting for
. •tril,,n   ,0  S°   t0   Fernie',. were   you '
not talking?
fi ^es.i  1.a?kc<1'lllm   "'"ere  we  would
find tho $100, . v
Are you sure you warned Varlow?
Ies; I always warn .anyone.
.  Were you  talking to Varlow before
you  warned  him?
Yes.
You were trying to get Information
,from hlm that would convict him?
th|iwji» trying to get Information about
Did you not tell hlm about the arrest
of parties In connection with tlie holdup r
He asked me that in the morning
over the phone and  I  told  him.   " °
• Did you tell him about the alleged
confession?
I told him there was a- confession
from  Cranbrook.
■ Yoirto.'d hlm you had been his friend
for a long time?
I told him I was sorry to hear of
this?
Did you not tell him that anything
he said would.be kept secret? •   ■
Yes.*,
You, warned htm and then tried to
get Information from hlm that would
convict him?
Did you ask the Letcher boys when
you were over tlie .other night If they
had heard you give Varlow the jwarn-
-ihg-.' ——:—™ rr^"77~^T       ~
No.   ■     "    ■    .   ,
,- MacDonald1. When  you  were speaking to Varlow on the phone did he' call
you up or did you call him?
. ■ Varlow  phoned -me/
What did Varlow say? '       ,
He asked If anyone was caught    In
connection- with tbe holdup.
. -What did Varlow say when you askew. hlm'1 wli'^re : was' tho. $1007   •'""•
,'r'He"'did. not know-anything about It.
Upon the resumption of the case on
.Wednesday morning, Bowen was again
Iir the witnoss* box,* and was examined
as to.thf way In which tho alleged confessions were, secured from the two
Boulangers. . He was submitted to a
severe cross examination by L.P. Eckstein as to tlm way in which It wan
secured from John lloulangor. Asked
how It was taken, lie stated It was taken down In shorthnnd by the city stenographer, Mr. Kennedy.
Tho confessions woro put In, but considerable opposition was ratHOil by
the counsels tor tho defense who nskod to note ur. objecting to UiIh being
taken as evidence. A copy of the
alleged confessions was handed to tho
defending cuiiiihi'Im who allowed It to
go in iih If being read, At this Juncture
It was deemed advisable to havo the
stenographer on tho stand, David
Kennedy, nfier being duly sworn said
ho Wiih iireseiil al the city jnll on tho
night of Miti'di Ilth nnd took Iho
statements of the two BoulangerK,
MacDonald: Which one flrHt?  ■ i
Fred first and John afterward.
MneDiiiinld: Is this typewritten copy
(priiiliiclng copy) mnilo from your own
no it'H?
Yes,
Ho was Hubmltted to crosH examination hy It, I*. Kcksteln regarding John
Hon lunger's coiifeHHiiili.
, S, Herchmer nlno Hiibinltti'd witness
in a railier Hevere and lengihy cnisii
oxnmliiutlnn regarding the ronfeHHlon
of Fred Uoulanger. Horchmor doubted the witness' ability of taklim IIioho
confessions down, and even went so
far iih to have oilier HteiiographerH K<>
over wltni'HH' iuiIch, Kennedy wiih on
I hi" Hliinil when the court adjourned on
Wednesday evening until ton o'clock on
{Monday morning noxt.
CAR DASHES INTO
VANCOUVER STORE
Party of Merry  Dancers Rudely Jarred Through
Antics of High Speed Special-Landed ih
,, Lucky Quarters-List of7Injured
* •- (Vnncoiivor Province)' •
' klarly Utli^ morning a apodal, (mm
which wbh convoying pftsiqiiKoi. to
vnrloiiH parti ot tho city aftor a danco
1 nt LoaU-ir Ilnll Jumped tho tracks al
tho cornor of (lranvlllo and. Pavlo
HtrootH, Tho car turnod ovor on lt»
nldo nu thn.whoolB left the ralli, lho
front truck Hlruck a flro hydrant at
w,tho cornor, tearing tho whoold from
tho body and broaklng thohydrAnt.
Tho hotly, of tho car thon plungod forward ncroHu the -sidewalk, and uirougu
{.'it* wluJHtH't. (ti Fi'riiiiuuu'n dnii; almt
tour foot of the car entering thc building.
Tho por»oni on the car woro Motorman Turpln, Conductor Andrew
and nix t»RMi*nirw«. All w*r« Injured
by tho apcld-ont- receiving cuw and
b-ruliei un lho result of tho overturning
of the tram,i broaklng of til***, etc.
Tho motorman wai, howovor, tho only
por-aon whoio. Injuries necoailtated a
romova]/to.-tho hospital.
Immediately after tho accident he
was ovorcoroe and becamo unconacl-
ous. In, this condition ha was taken
to the hOKpltal, but it is thountil that
he Is simply*. 1 auffering.from severe
around. '■•■.'
Hew A«eldent Oeetirfrt'
,.   The nftmot of the passengers on the
car are given as foliaws:  -
nruce .Uoyd, 24SS Point Orey road.
.    Min-If art 1 Chapman," Hit) • Point
,   Orey road.* „.-.'..> '■• *  ■-*■    •■■• ' •
Mian Kva Vmidftii, 2-t Ifi   Alborta Ht.
Alox Colquhoun. -4238 Eighth   Ave.
WOHt ^
W," P. McKnlght and 13. P. McKnlght
2001 Second avenue west.
Miss E. A. Oarnntt, 2115    Alborta
Htl'UOt.
W. M. Dobson, Fourth avonuo W.
Aftor rouftlvlng attuutlon at tho drug
utoro nil of these were taken to thoir
homes.
Thu special tram loft Leu-tor hall
amnio l:.>u h,ui, wxn a merry party
of dnjH'W. tin- jnJiJ-wlly pf wlnus 'ro-
aide In tho Went Nnd. Tho run waa
mado down* Davlo stroot and the return to Ornnvlllo stroot mado by Rob"
son street, the passengers for tho wost
end bolng dropped en route. Then ;lhc
cur was headed for tho UriinvHle Bt.
bridge, all of tho remaining pan-ion*"
cn* living on tho south side of tho
creok.
Tho motorman must have been ■going along Qranvlllo street at a lively
pace and ovldontly thought tho switch
nt Davln at reel, was twi to allow him
to proceed straight to the bridge, It
wan, howtivo-r, turned u> ilhwa tin- car
down Davie street.
Tumtd en Its tide
-/T-ehrlrig along at a^rapld paee tho
ear took the turn at tbo awltcb half
rounding the comer before It left (he
tracks' and turned over nn lis *Iifo.<
Then'the front trucks struck the'hy-
jdrant and the body of th* car sfcot
ahead through tho utoro front. In tho
tnonntlmo the passengers were thrown
In a confused heap on tho floor of tho
enr, tho accldont occurring ho auddnn-
ly ns to glvo them no tlmo for thought
or notion.
Tho noluu of thu tmiatih nroutu-d ru-
sldontH In tho vicinity--- nnd willing
hands hnstonod to oxtrlcato tho crow
nnd passengers from tho wrecked
car, Tho car Itself Is badly smashed
and consldurublo dnmngo wnH dono to
tho storo front,
Tho broken hydrnnt ndded to the
confusion at the scene of tho wrock,
sending forth a flood of water which
poured ovor tho pavement nnd flooded some of the adjoining a-llnn*. The
waterworks shop was notified nnd n
gang promptly sent out which turned
off thn wnter and mndo necessary ro-
pnlrs. •
*a**
NEW SCHOOL
BUILDING IN
ANNEX
GUARDIANS   OF   KNOWLEDGE   IN
FERNIE PICK OUT A SITE
FOR SCHOOL
tion of Jnnltor of Wnnt Fornio school,
Dudley—Robertson: Tlmt Mr. .1. .1.
Wood's 'account for $670   be paid.—
Carried.
Honrd then adjourned,
FINANCIAL STATEMENT
Standing of Receipts and Expenses of
Lawley Benefit Concert
Receipts
8alo reserved seatn  $124.00
Other scats ,,  137.00
Other tickets      5.00
Mox office, theatre     32.25
tefftlR  Ilii'iau'Wili        Mt.Xftl
Subscription Lists:
No. I: ....131.00
■-"*'    No, li:  ;      2.00
•    ** No. 3: '....., ■ 10.00
-Anonymous Donation ,,..,,,,   V0.00
Ads on programs   '30.00
Total receipts ...  '.$500.2-5
Expentte
Printing'. $ ill.00
Hall expenses    12.45
Rent ..    25.00
incidental ; „      4.10
Zxpt-jrise*   | so..Ifi
Leaving a balance of-lMJ.-jfO,
ISgd.)    Or. Worfcmsir, Treasurer
MALE PRINCIPAL HIRED
Thi*** school board met on Wednesday, Mnrch 1(1. Present W. 8. Bthnloy,
R. Dudley, ThomiiH Robertson, A, 0.
Liphardt. ft, II.  Mnnlton   tuvrotnrv
Houlton—Dudley:  That tho school!
hoard aioctilc on Lot •», block 4, West j
Penile, map 7,'i.ri, und thnt  wo wrlti'i
Dr. A. Itolilnnon uNklng thnt twbani hi>
hiillt at onre nn we nro badly In nnwl
of one.—Carried, I
TliMlf.;'.   tU.'i'i-"t'i'""        T.',.*?» .'.'J;
school board ut-eur-' the gurvlc-'is of
Mr. Ilrtico as principal at 9125 per
month.—Cnrrlod.
Robertson—Dudley: That Miss Mo-
gau bo appointed UHslitunt at $110 a
month.-~Carrled. t
nnlton- Dudley: That R. Adlam he
given one months notfen that we intend putting nnothr-r Janitor In tm Mm
work has ix^-en unsatisfactory, and
that his services will be dispensed
whh and Mrs. Commox's services dis-
puused wllh also.- ('arrled.
Rolion—Llphardr: That Mr. and
Mr*. Levi Chtsu-r be given the posi-
tltm nf onrntnk^r- fnr tht* pnhfk «t<*h*ioF
on expiration of one mouth from date,
nnd thnt Mrs. Jone*' h« given the post-
Prank MoPnulc died hero on Sundny
iih a result of injuries received nt the
Michel ynrd tho sumo day,
MoPcek, who It -wns nuppost>d wiih
a uinglo iiiiui residing at, Crnnbrook,
wiih euKiiifiMt ns brakomau ou a freight
trnln which arrlvod at Michel on Sunday evening. Wlinn at Mlchol the
trnln stopped for somo tonslilm-ui-li)
tlmo, nnd the doconHod employed the
Interval -.'li'iiiilng the cupola windows
on tho outside of the cnboosii, lie
was ongiiKcd In Oils work when the
diKlne utiirt'd tlm train befor" lw wan
nwnre of it, wllh the result that he
wns thrown on the mils and run over
Hn wns immediately brought to the
hospital nt Fornio In nn uiiiiiiihcIohm
state, nnd dim) nbout [UO the same -iv-
ening, nnl, having regained ■•oiihcIo.ih-
ness,
i%   ifi)     ,,***   C(l<|WI.<i<l <i    Mini    141! <•<'<'
Dw horty on Mondny, nfter -which the
Inquest wns adjourned tintll 2 o'clock
on Friday. McPoek's father Is supposed to bo a Mipurliitt-mleiK ou nn
eiiHtein section Of thu C. P. R,
GATES IS OUT ON
CLOSE DECISION
Herchmer is Elected  Mayor by a Majority of 27-
Clean Contest and Big Vote Polled-City
, Business will now go with a Rush
STRIKE  END8  AT  LAST
BYDNKY, N.N.W. March IS • Tho
striko of tho northern conl miners thut
has been In progross since early lu
November was declared off lodny, thus
ending the difficulties In tha floutU
H'iiIm ronl ff-Mffi. Th<» untifhern min-
i-rs" resumed work last month, During
the strlse whleh ntfe-el-M I5,00il miners the prlc* of msl Jumped from %',
lo tlG per ton.
The du^ilon of hlithr-r watte* and
batter Winking conditions prcd[dinted
theconfllet.
Pour uf thn strike taaden- were s« n
tdttcej to r'Tm* of.fmprtttotmiont dm*
ing the trouble having been convict*-'!
of obslim ting work at the mines.
A Knodly crowd fon>K'ith(<red In the
(Iriind Theatre, or Minors' Oporu house
on TuuHilny evmiliif? to listen to tho
Hpei-ch-'B of the sovfial cnndldnieK
fnr civic honors. A. W, IlloiiHdell,
In opeulnu; lho meet Iim, suited thut
he liml beon asked by both the con-
testnnts for the mayoniliy to offipliit.«.
but thnt ns there wns n leiiKthy list,
of minors, he would not mnko any
speodi, uIIIhiiikIi he expressed his
thnnlcs to thoso who had urgeil hlm to
bo a candidate for mayor.
Mr ' P    V   H'fllM/ni   i"»n   tWri   In'vn
diiceil nud after a few remnrks to the
effect that lie would endeavor to seo
that the city's nffAlrs were properly
mlminlf-t-*-r<-d if iMmcii, r-mtmeil hi»
seat.
Mr, T. Reck addressed tho audience
#-... ...'...,.. ....    ii,.>. , .,....    i   m   ..
... ..        >*..j *   I.' .« ,   ,     .I.,...',. '..hk.'..,        '. ',  -*»..,£,
with the different civic matters that
required attention, and emphasizing
piirtlculurly tho necessity for Improvements conneited with, school affairs,
arid urging the <lib>'iis to glvo mom
thought to this vital subject, surface
drslnsge, the 'ili»uinndi of thn Ann»»r,
tho Axtetislon "of thi- water system
werii nlso tniK-hol upon.
| Mr, tJh*»rwo_l lleirlmni', being ettll-
led upon, stcppeil to lhe front, begin-
jTiIng bis remarkm by expn-nsInK hi*
illmnki to thou--' who hnd mipported
| hlm nt tbo last election when he h%<\
Mr. Kckstwln for an opponent, t>ut thai
,'.hb Hum, UtA'tv ■*.•**. wum oinivinuul*.)
| for such a tilt, aa he *n* mi re, that tin'
jlii.dly  fet'l^gs tl,ni   Mr   ."ati;s  lid
hivi'ip'ore felt would he ^ontliiiieii re-
ii'i-lien- of the result of the floi tl-.h.
The expenditures of Insl   term  were
referred to nnd then he dilated upon ■'
the lino of   work Hint was mnppe-l
Ollt for the ellHIlllIK term If lie Hill'-
needed himself.
In ndrlltlnn to whnt hns already
liei'ti pnlillidieil, n subway under the
(i. S. truck nenr the station, separate
iidiools for the Annex and West Ferule, a public lllirnry, Fairy (Veok
park lo lm extended, and beautified,
Mill  itl'ill*,,,  i    ,  f   It.r,    ft.ii    -I    ».«.** ri.r^l    l»"t
the Annex iuul Wost Penile, n want
to the Ladle* Aid, would bn prom-deil
wiih.
Mr. .]. L, (;ait:» follotvi-ij and outlined the policy thut, ho would, advocate
If returned, which would be one   of
,.        .  . ,
'.<.'..»,'.,».. j        *...!**.,***!      ^..h^'.^.      It tit* (I, ]p , tt-4*.
thnt whilst the many planks of Mr.
Hcft'timor'a platform were highly desirable, still under the existing financial stnndliifi of tho city, were Imprue-
llciihle, as tbe borrowing capacity
-•.mounted to bur IUiO.000, and tha pro-
ml.te tn n-tump th„ Annev, whilst a
very laundnble undertaking, would bn
HltorMlher ton ei-mllv.      The otiMinlnrt
rvf Dw waii'T system was then gone
Into In detail, showinic the places and
number of hoiiM-n that would bo nm-
necti'il, quoting the figures both for
doiiiK the work and the receipt* for
j tnpp!)lng Hie   new   users.    Surface
[drhlnaR'i'. evf-'nuton of R-iweruurvil the
elcvtrlc lixht were touched upon, Ihi*
(Contlmni- on pan? four.) PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNiS,   '        B.C. MARCH 19 1910
British Columbia
Smelter Bill Rejected
At the opening of the morning sitting yesterday Premier McBride resumed the debate on the second reading of the bill to amend the labor
regulation act, 1907, a measure introduced by Mr. .Hawthornwaite. He
noted that the bill was designed to
extend the provisions of the act to
apply to nearly every person employed in or about the smelters. He asked the house to reject the bill because
returns show that it Is about all that
the smelters can do to pay running expenses, and sometimes pay a small
dividend. Since the law had been
enacted no'complaints had been received by the government as to its
working, nor had any requests been
made that'the bill before the house
should become*law. At present the
prloe of metals Is low, there is great
competition between Canadian and
American smelters and the passage of
the bill at this time would disturb .the
industry seriously.
Mr. Parker Williams' declared the
act now on the statutes had not done
all it was expected by the legislature
to do. It was therefore desirable that
it should be amended.
The motion to give the bill its second    reading    was lost on division.
The following- members    supported
the amendment:
Hawthornwaite
William
Jardine
Caven
Wright
' Callanan
Ross .    '  *
Shatfbrd
1   Miller *•*'-.
Braden
Schofield
The remaining members of the legislature, 26 in number' voted solid and
_kllled it.   '       , ,
Another Bill Slaughtered, '
Premier McBride "resumed the debate on the second reading.of thc bill
to amend the Inspection of Metalliferous Mines act, 1899, another measure introduced by Mr. Hawthornwaite
The intention of the bill is to expend
the application'of the eight hour day
applying to underground work in metalliferous mines so that lt. shall Include men working In' glory-holes on
the surface of the ground. In the opln
> second reading of the bill to amend
i the health act. The measure provides
for sanitary inspection of all logging-
camps twice a year. The member for
Nanaimo urged that as men employed
in logging camps were herded together in most unsanitary camps it was
necessary that inspection of .their living quarters should be made to prevent epidemics of disease. . The bill
also requires Inspection of the-water
supply of logging camps.
Hon. Dr. Young, whose department
would be affected by the bill, stated
that the government had under consideration the remodelling of the
Health act, and was now gathering
special information as to conditions
bearing on the situation throughout
the province. It was the intention to
accept the principles of the bill otter-
ed by the member for Nanaimo when
the Health act was redrafted. -'
.'
The motion for^he second rending
of the bill failed to carry. -A
The motion for the second reading
of the bill failed to carry.
Mr. Hawthornwaite, moved the second reading of the bill to establish a
general eight-hour working day in B.
C. ,
The motion for the second. reading
was lost.       .
Macgowan Knocked Out
Applause greeted Mr. "Macgowan
when he rose to move the second
reading of the bill respecting dower.
Ho satd.he hoped the applause was a
good omen as to the fate of his bill.
Mr. Macgowan's bill gives a third interest in the estate of a husband to
his wife. Mr." Macgowan stated that
he would not refer at great, length to
the provisions of the bill as he had
on previous occasions gone over the
ground, but he said: "I only, wish to
show the necessity for the protection
of women under- certain circumstances." (Laughter.) ' *
Mr. Miller, Grand Forks, gave the
bill a' rap on the solar plexus when
he moved the adjournment of the debate. The result of the motion was
■the_death_.of_the_measure for lack of
occasion to put it through the*-various
stages necessary to its passage before
the house prorogued.
Bi-Weekly Payday , .
Mr. Ross of Fernie moved second
reading of the bill to establish a biweekly payday for the payment of
wages in certain cases.
Hon, Mr. McBride asked tho. house
to reject the measure becnuse he considered that its provisions were im-
deal with such matters as ventilation;
It was also competent for the councils
of municipalities to pass bylaws to
compel the owners of stores to close
them at the expiration of specified
hours. He declared that it would be
unreasonable to expect the house.to
pass general legislation which would
affect the keepers of stores in out-of-
the way places where of necessity the
hours of labor were frequently, irregular.
The motion for the second reading
was lost, only Messrs. Hawthornwaite
"Williams, Brewster and Jardine supporting the motion.
Not the Premier's Fault
Mr. .Hawthornwaite moved the, second reading of the bill to prevent discrimination against members'of trade
unions. The member for Nanaimo
twitted Hon. Mr. McBride with having
supported his labor bills before 1903,
when both were in opposition, and
having opposed them since-that1 year
when he became premier. ^  .   -
Hon. Mr. . McBride. declared amid
the,laughter of the house that it'was
true he had sat near the member for
Nanaimo prior to the session of 1903:
04, and that he had moved to \ the
treasury, benches at the session mentioned; the failure of the member for
Nanaimo to sit near the premier was
hot the fault of the premier, he having often tendered Mr. Hawthornwaite
good advice/which he had, however,
not acted upon, with the result that
lie still sat to the left of the speaker.
The premier stated that he did not
think it in the Interests of the province at present that the bill should
become law.'
' The motion for. the second reading
was defeated.   -      .       , ,"" * .
■   . Bills Finally Passed
Third reading was given the following bills: To amend the Children's
Protection'act; to amend the, Land
act; to amend the Coal Mines act; to
ratify the agreement between the government and the Esquimau & Nanaimo Railway company in respect to ,the
.settlers- rights_settleroent'.;_to/ amend
the  water act;   to  amend   the  Coal
uie HuriM.™ ui mc &■ .-"">" - •"-—   r.ral,t\(,„i
ion of the premier it would be unwiso  praciicai
for the house to interfere between
employer and employee in lhe matter
of the hours of labor. Hon. Mr. McBride noted thnt, no request for such a
bill as that before the houso had been
mndo to tho government.
Tho voto on the motion to give the
bill Its second reading resulted ln another defeat for Mr. Hawthornwaite.
It was noticed that Messrs. Miller of
Grand Forks nml Wright of NelHon
supported the measure.
Bill Out of Order
Mr. Hawthornwaite moved tho second rending of tho bill to amend the
Workmen's  Compensation   Act  1902.
The bill provides thnt the state shnll
pay eomponsntlon to Injured workmen
but whero tho accident which Injured
tho workmnn occurred because of the
wilful  negligence    of  tho" employer,
then tho liability of paying tho compensation shall be on tho employer,
Tho bill also provides for tho payment j
of eomponsntlon In n lump sum In-1
stead of by-weekly payments ns, nt
presont.
Hon. Mr. McBrhlo described the bill
iih bolng rather revolutionary! It had
sought to place on tho statutes a law
which he did not think obtalnod In
Now Zealand, whoro legislation was
of an advanced naturo. Tho premier
undertook to look Into tho details of
the measure during recess, In tho
rnennllmo ho, nsked the speaker* to
rulo on n point of order thnt It was
not compotont for a private mombor
to Introduco n measure calling for the
payment of funds out of tho treasury
of tho provlnco.
Tho speaker ruk-d that on thn point
mined Mr. Ilnwthornwnlte'H bill was
out of order.
To Remodol Health Aet
Mr.    llnwthornwiiiio  movod      tho
Mr; Frank Mackenzie of Delta moved for tho adjournment of the debate. ' !'
Mr. Hawthornwaite noted that If
the debate were adjourned the house
would .be prorogued before-the bill
could be dealt with. He'urged that
it should not bo killed in this way.
Hon. Mr. McBride naked Mr. McKenzie to withdraw his motion. This
was done,
Mr, Hawthornwaite then spoke In
favor of tho bill.
Tho motion forVsccond rending was
lost, those voting ln favor*being:
Hawthornwaite
Williams
Brewster
Jardine
•Wright
Tisdall
Schofield
Shatford
Robs
McGulro
Tho romnlnder of tho house voted
contra.
Shops Amendment Lost
Second reading of ihe bill to amend
tho ShopB Hegulntlon Act, 1900, was
moved by Mr, Huwthornwalto. This
hill provides for n weokly half holiday
In stores, The province, said Mr. Haw-
thornwulto, Is afflicted by tho dread
disease, tuberculosis, nnd It. Is spread
In stores whoro ventilation Ik poor nnd
hours of work long, The bill nlso
provides for restriction of the bourn
of labor In stores.
Tho mombor for Nnnalmo stated
thnt the provisions of tlm bill met
willi the approval of some of tho best
employers in the province.
lion, Mr. Mcllrlde pointed out. that
the majority of stores woro sltuatod In
organized municipalities whero the
local    nuthorltlt-s had full power to
Mines Regulation act; to incorporate
-the British Empire Insurance Co.; to
confer certain powers on the .corporation of Oak Bay, and to authorize the
British Columbia Mainland & Coast
Industrial Company to construct works
in.the Skeena district. ,
On the last bill Mr. Hawthornwaite
asked for a division because of the
Important effect the provisions of the
bill would have on the city of Prince
Rupert. i
The motion for third .readjhs was
opposed by  Messrs.  Hawthornwaite,
Williams, Brewster and Jardine.
, Mr.    Hawthornwaite.—The    honorable member for Richmond.
Hon. Mr. Cotton looked somewhat
surprised. "
Mr. Hawthornwnlte.—I only wished
to call the attention of the honorable
member for Richmond that a vote has
just taken place. (Laughter.)
Hon. Mr. Bowser presented a copy
of the revised rules of the house ns
prepared by n commltteo appointed
two years ago.
Mr. Hawthornwaite objected to the
adoption of the rules nt this, late date
In tho session nnd ho asked that they
be held ovor until next yonr.
BILLS  PASSED
The ceromony of prorogation of tho
Legislative Assembly yostordny afternoon was short and formnl, House met
at 3.30 and transacted a littlo business, after which a rocesB was taken
until, his honor Lleut.-Govornor Paterson arrived,
Whon his honor had entered,   and
taken his seat, Thornton Foil, clerk of
tho House, rend tho titles of tho bills
which hnd been pnHsed, slxty-flvo in
number. With the supply bill and six-
toon bills which received tho roynl assent, on Fobruary ar-th, this represents
n total of eighty-two bills passed out.
of nlnoty-flvo Introduced.   This probably constitutes  a record for the high
porccntngo of measures carried.    Of
tho balance nine public bills, eight of
which   woro for tlio nmollorntlon of
conditions of lnbor, wero, killed nt the
government behest yostorday morning
nnd one government measure was not
proceeded with, one wns dropped In
favor of n shorter bill, one private bill
tnty wears
the Standard
wtf       m
J&PHMNL.
umtittd
REAM
Baking Pi
Its use k protection
guarantee against
and i
alum
was killed by" the private bills • committee and another was not proceeded with by the promoters owing to the
opposition manifested to it.
* The bills assented to yesterday afternoon were,the following:    '
No. 13—Ah Act to amend the Steam
Boilers Inspection Act, 1901.
No. 14.—An Act to revise and consolidate the Companies1 Act, 1897 and
amending Acts..  -  * -      ■ "**
No. 16—An Act to amend* the Children's Protection Act of British Columbia, i .
No. 18,—An,! Act-respecting Liquor
Licenses and the Traffic In Intoxicating Liquors.     •
No. 19;—An Act to amend the Land
Act.* ■   -
No. 20;—An Act regarding the Inspection of Tramways.
No. 21—An, Act for preserving Purchasers' of Stock from Losses by
Forged Transfers.1
No. 22—An,Act"to amend the Bush
Fire Act.       \  *
No. 23—An Act to amend the 'Woodmen's Lien for .Wages Act7
No. 26—An Act to amend the Dyking
Assessments. Adjustment Act, 1905.
No. 27—An Act" to amend the Municipal Clauses Act.
No. 28—An Act to amend the Land
Registry act.
No."29—An Act to amend the Municipal Elections Act. - ■- °  ■ .,
No. 30—An Act. to repeal the Commercial Travellers' License. Act of
1907. V .
No. 32—An Act to incorporate the
city of Prince Rupert.
No. 33—An Act to amend the Fire
Inquiry Act,' "
- No. 34.—An Act to provide for the
Inspection of Premises, Works, Wires,
and Appliances Generating, Transmitting or Supplying Electrical Energy.
No. 36—An Act to amend the Supreme Court Act. w .
No. 37—An Act to amend the County
Courts Act.     7
* .^No., 40—An Act to ratify an Agreement bearing./date the" seventeenth
day of January! A. D..1910 between his
Majesty-the* King and ;,the Canadian
"NoftKenTTlSilway'*Cor™   '     '   :
No. 41.—An Act to incorporate the
Canadian ■ Northern' Pacific Railway
Company.   ,
* No. 42—An "Act to'ratify an agreement bearing date the twenty-eighth
day of February, 1910, between his Majesty, the" Ktng_. and the Kettle River
Valley Railway Co.'
No. 44—An Act to amend the Coal
Mlnos Act.
No. 48.—An Act to authorize the repurchase by the Crown of Railway
Subsidy Lands.-
No. 49.—An Act respecting the construction of Sewers in Unincorporated
Districts. "     -
No. 50.—An Act to Incorporate tho
Port Moody, Indian River and Northern Railway Co. ,
No, 52.—An Act to1 revive, ratify,and
confirm tho Vancouver and Nicola
Valley Ry Co. Act 1908.
No. 53.—An Act to Incorporate the
Queen Charlotte Railway Company.
No. 54—An Act respecting tho Sal-
vnth.n Army.
No. 55—An Act respecting tho Great
West Permanent Lonn Company,
No, GO—An Act to nuthorlzo tho B.
C. Mainland and Const Industrial
Co., Ltd,, to construct, railways and
tramways for the purposes of Its undertaking, lny gas pipes and transmit
electricity and confer other, powers,
No. 57—An Act to confer upon tho
Council of tho Corporation of tho District of Oak Buy certain powers In addition to those conferred by tho Municipal Clauses Act.
No. 59.—An Act to Incorporate   tho'
British Columbia Packers Association,
No. 00.—An Act to Incorporate tho
Monition Buy Railway.*! Co.
No. CL—An Act relating, lo the British Columbia Fruit Lands Company,
Limited ond tho Kamloops Frultland
Irrigation, nnd Powor Company Limited, enabling both compnnlos to am-
nlgamnte their wator rights.
No. 02,—An Act to Incorporate the
City of Vancouver, I
No. CL—An Act to Incorpornto tho
Islnnd Vulloy Uy Co,      i
No, C.—An Act to Incorporate Iho
Northern llrltlsh Columbia Tolophono
Compnny,
No. fl«—An Act lo revive,*ratify and
confirm the Incorporation of thu Graham Island Ity. Co,
No. C8--An Act to Incorporate tho
Western Union Fire Insurance Company.
No. fill—An Act to amend the Howe
Sound, I'embcrton Vulloy and Northern My Co. Act, 1007.
No. 70.—An Act lo Incorporate tho
British   Columbia   Contral   Railway
LOIHl'llll*,. |(
No. Il- An AH to Incorporate' the
Cariboo, nnrUf-rvlllo nnd Willow River
Ity Co.
No. 72—An Act to Incorporate tho
Pacific nnd Alaska Ry. Co,
No. 73.—An Act to Incorporate the
Comox lagging nnd RHilway Compnny.       ||
No. 74—An Act to amend tho Vancouver Inocrporntlon Act. 1000,
No. 7fi.—An Act to amend tho False
Creek Forcshoro Act, 1004.
,   No. 70.—An Act to Incorporate tho
AniOli-Hii fi>nnd ot tho DIocc-mi of Caledonia.
No. 77—An Act to lucoipoiatc thc
Northern Vancouver Island Railway
Company,
No, 7B—An Act respecting an agreement litwi ».u the city of Victoria and
the British Columbian Electric Rail
w,iy Company.
7**—-An Art to tncorpoe-ate tho
llrltlsh Empire Insurance company.
No. ao.-r-An Act to incorporate the
Pf-ntlrtnn Railway Co.
45 Stejfm-Heated. Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's. Leading  Commercial; Hotel
The Finest Hotel In East Kootenay
J. L., GATES, Prop.
No. 81.—An Act respecting-Liens of
Mechanics, Wage earners and others.   . • *
No. 82—An Act to validate By-law
No. 204 of'the city of Nelson on the
Ilth day of October, A.D'. 1909.    .
No, 85.—An Act to amend the Hospital act 1902.
No. 86.—An Act to amend the Timber Manufacture Act, 1906.'
No. 87.—An Act to validate and amend By-law No. 83 of the city of North
Vancouver to aid the North Vancouver City Ferries, Limited.
No. 88.—An Act to amend the New
Westminster Act, 1888, and amending
Acts. "   '   .
No. 89—An Act to amend the Provincial Elections Act. .
No: 90—An Act to amend the Timber
Mark Act.
No. 91—An Act to amend the Water
Act, 1909.
No. 93—An Act to ratify an agreement between His Majesty the King
and the Esquimau and Nanaimo Railway Co., bearing date the 21st day oi
October, 1909. ■■  ';     ' i
No. 95—An Act to amend the Coal
Mines Regulation, Act.
Victoria Ave.
Fernie,'B. C
ALBERTA
Fernie Livery  Go.
Draying Building & Excavating Livery
Wood     for     Sale
Sole Agents for Fernie Coal
Prices   moderate  and   satisfaction guaranteed
F. G. White,
Manager
Rizzuto Bros.
,   Proprietors
During the past "week there have
been considerable frantic tannings of
the air by those who represent various cliques- of the capitalistic interests and,to use the phrase of the native Canadian It was a case of "hyiu
wawa pe tenas Iskum." .,*.
The amount of oratory that has
heen expended on the Great Waterways would burst an anemometer to re*-
glster; the fact that stands out pro*;,
minently is the easy.marks that some
of these representatives proved themselves.* R. B. Bennett is without doubt
ah able speaker and'thoroughly conversant-with all of the moves on the
political chessboard; this is, of course
as It should be for one whose principal, mission is to guard the sacred.in-
l-_M__^n. r\ 9 4 It n ♦——■nf i_1 l^_1n_^_¥Tt*r» n m**v/\t*a 1-
■fc^i coio^ui— iuatT~nf *c«i=n.ii*uTT m^- vvi yui t**-
tion, theC P. R. and to satisfactorily
perform his master's wishes predicates
possession of mental gymnastics of a
very [high, order. It is not my intention - to speak disparagingly of, the
junior member for Calgary, on the
contrary he is one of the most Intel1
lectual of the bourgeoisie defenders in
the province of Alberta.'and may. be
regarded not only as leading the .opposition, but being practically- the
whole of It.- Our .friend Charles' M.
O'Brien is of course an oppositionist,
but in a different sense to what is
generally understood; this type is represented by R". B. B., but C. M. is
naturally against the whole capitalist
system regardless of whether Its votaries be labelled Liberal, Conservative, Labor, Prohibition, or bearing nny
other tag, and , when , the agreement
between the provincial government
and the Alborta nnd Great Waterways
came up for discussion he practically
Ignored the terms as far as tho impersonal matters wero concerned, but
made quite a stirring address on tho
question of bettor protection and conditions for tho workers, tho providing
of tho men with good, wholesome food
at reasonable rates, union wages to
prevail nnd that nine hours should
constitute a working day.
fWhllst speaking on  tho  question
tho mombor for Rocky Mountain constituency cortnlnly declared himself ln
no uncertain tones, and clearly defined
tho difference of his position to that
of tho othor mombors of the assembly,
In convincing forcible logic ho showed tho class lines between tho International working clnss and tho International cnpltallntlo class, and   that
denplte tho fact thnt all were agreed
that flno weather la desirable, that
froedom from epidemics and klndrod
Ills  wan unnnlmously  concurrod  in,
yot economically nnd politically   ho
Btood alone as tho roproBontntlvo   of
tho producing clans against tho othor
momborH who, whilst minor factional
differences may aoparnto thom temporarily, woro eloctod lo dofond tho rulo
of cnpltnl which rulo ho, na tho om-
hodlment  of  the oxprcHHlon  of  tho
working cliifio, was tilwayn combatting
nnd would ho contlnuo to do regard-
Iohh of tho gulno It might anuume,
That tho Socialist pnrty nan Incorporated In Its platform tho transformation of cnpltnltHt proporty into tho
collective proporty of tho working-
clean and ho fnr na tho prosont dlsputo
botwoon tho political reproflontntlvcfl
of the capltallHtu, It waH of no moro
Interest than would bo a tussle botwoon two dogs for a bono, oxcopt tn
'.it fr.r «2 the ucllcr" ef Ir.^or j\n«">r
wr>ro coni-nrnod, hence hia advocacy of
bottor conditions.
Ah a proof of tho doop nontod objection entertained to nny queatlon Introduced by C. M., fearing no doubt
that they might be committed to some
TiH-iiKuro which would tie cwtpta«,_ui-:
to tho capitalist, class, ovory momber
to whom ho spoko nt first asking them
to second, declined, nnd this doanlto
the fact that whilst ordinarily ho who
second*-* a motion votes for It, yot
tho mere fact of seconding does not
commit the member to Ita auppovt,
One of tho members who., declined
waa certainly   . rcculcltrant    to    hin
pledge ijifid-u during tho election   of
supporting' every measure for tho benefit of tho working class. Describing
society'* changes he pointed out that
tho Inst atSRO or development, capitalism, was nrarlng Its climax becauso of
We Iwult-tiuuuy io -meot human rbuulvn-
ments. and mako room for tho now
social order of which ho was the first
political representative In Albert*.
A full line of shelf and   heavy   Hardware in stock together  with a
complete range of Stoves,
o -j ■-       ■   *." ' ■ ( ' ..''•'
'  c %     '    '   .      'v '  - '_ -
Furniture Department
Our Furniture Department embraces the,
most unique and up-to-date lines.
Come in arid have a look
J. P.  QUAIE,
FIS»^NI1U,II^C_
Andy   Hamiitora.
Tinsmith and Plumber
We can furnish you with estimates in
anything in oiir line
Singer Sewing Machines Co.,
Fernie, B. C.
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you
can get one for $3.00 a month ?
Needles and Oil always kept In stock     ■
Wm. BARTON, Agt <North of School) Pellatt Ave.
of Canada
I QUARTERLY DIVIDEND
V    I •        •     1 i ,;' ,   ti     I   ■    TW'-ti,   "1   i i   •!,,,..,**,,   r^C
iSUllVU ib lUJtOUV gl-"-<»» -viiai/ tn. iJiWuc-Uu ui' -nuC t,n.L. u*
Six per cent pur annum upon lliu paid up capital
stock of Thu Homo Hank of Canada lias boon doclarod for tho three months onfling 28th February
1010, and tho phtm i*»*i!l bo pnyn'Mn nt the Hotul
Oflioo and Branches on nnd after Tuosday tho; First
day of March noxt. Tho transfer books will be
closod from tho 14th to tho 28th ot Fobruary, both
days inclusive
Hy Ordor of tho Hoard. Toronto, January 10th
James Mason*. John Adair,
Gonornl Managor. "   Mgr. Fomie.
t
_ i
Advertise in The Ledger ft*:-
ii „,
THE DISTRICT LEDGER. FERNIE,      B. C. MARCH 19 1910
PAGE THREE
******************i(*******
,\\
It   .
I'"   ■
SOME HOPE STILL HELD. OUT FOR
RESCUE OF THE^UNFOR-/*
""■■'■'-.„    'tu nates i:':y;, -■
MINERS ARE ENTOMBED
ANOTHER  TERRIBLE  DISASTER-
RESCUE WORK PROCEEDING
r -v* .'■■". - -SLOWLY     *- '■■ - '- '
:i  -Derelicts
On the Increase in London
•»»»*kkakkkk kkk kkiikkkkkkk*
i'"
WILKESBARRE, Pa. March 15—An
•explosion of, gas occurred tonight in
, No. 5 mine of the Lehigh'& Wilke8-
"harre Coal Company. Ten men are
reported to be yet entombed behind
.a wall.       ...
■ The workings where the explosion
occurred tonight are lo No. .5 mine of
of the Lehigh & Wllkesbarre Coal Co.
■The places are filled with black damp
and the rescuers are proceeding slowly. ' There is hope that the entombed'men will be rescued alive.
Men Entombed,
; WILKBSBARRB, Pa. March    15 —
:From seven to seventeen men were entombed, tonight in the No. 5 shaft of
the Lehigh & Wllkesbarre coal company near here as. the result of a- ter-
■rifle explosion of.gas.
■ The explosion occurred shortly after 9.0'clock ia the No. 12 plane where
a gang of men were putting together
ai hoisting engine.     The' mine was
.idle all week and the men were taking
„ the opportunity to. get the engine to-
'. gether.    , ft is believed the men ■ hit
an unknown accumulation of gas with
naked, lights..
, The   explosion was an   exceedingly
heavy one and the. fall of rock extended for a long distance along the plane.
.*■ .
Fire  Fighting  Force .
A fire fighting force was organized
and soon a thousand feet of hose was
sent down Into the mine.. There was
■ a good supply of water but the. fire
fighters" were handicapped , by. fire
damp which gathered in large quantities. The mine-Is one of the most
gaseous in the region and the rescuers
, are proceeding below 'with .he greatest'*1 caution." -'<->'
-. <None , of the   officials were able to
j.-tell the number, of men who were In
.the workings when the explosion 6c-
..curred and the number probably will
not be known- until a canvass of those
^mpl6yea"rn^Ti^wiIl^ns~ma"der^.
Special Correspondence to' the Vancouver Province from London, England:       ;     . ■   ',-; - •  7
"Time, gentlemen, please!" is the
latter-day curfew of London. At half-
past, twelve, when the7lights go out
in the restaurants of the West and the
gin palaces of the East, the great city
hurries homo, to bed!,- After 7that
there remain out only .the masterleas
men and rogues-rand those who have
no homes to which they can go. .
, It   had been raining for 48   houri
DOOLEY AND HENNESSEY
Have Talk on the Open Shop Question
,v— The "Labor Problem Solved
•    "What is all this talk that's In .the
.papers about .the open shop?",aaked
Mri Hennessey] - '
' "Why don't ye know?" said Mr. Dooley.    "Really^ I'm surprised at yer ignorance, Hinnissoy.    Whut Is th' open
shop?.  ' Sure, 'tis a shop where   they
itape th' door open t' accommodate th'
consthant sthream of'min comla'in t'
take Jolts cheaper th lnth' min whut
has t' jobs.    'Tis like this Hlnnlssey—
suppose wan of these freeharn Ameery-.
can citizens Is wurkln' in an opon shop
for th* princely wages of wan large
iron dollar a day' of tin hours. Along
comes another freeharn sori-of-a-gun,
' an* ho.sez t' th' boss 'I think I could
handle' th' job for ninety clntB.' 'Sure,
boz th' boss, 'an' th-***,*.wan-dollar mun
. gits th' merry, jlnfeihV can, a**   ijoos
- out Into th' crool wurld t.' exercise his
inalienable rolghts as n.freobarn Am-
oorycan citizen and scab nn somo othor poor.devil.'   An' so It goos on, Hin-
jilasoyi.    An' who gots th' benefit?
Thruo, It savos th' boss money, but ho
don't caro no moro for monoy than ho
docs for his rolght oyo.    It's all prlo-
clplo wld him,    Ho hatos to soo mon
robbed of thoir lndeplndonco.      Thoy
, must havo thoir indoplndonco, regard-
lit***1 of Inythlng Uso."
"nut," qnlcl Mr. HlnnosBoy, "thoso
open shop min-yo mlnBhun say thoy
nro for th' unions, If proporly conduct*
cd.". ■
"Shuro," said Mr. Dooloy, "If propor.
ly conducted. An' thoro yo aro. An1
how wild thoy hnvo thim conducted?
No BthrlkoB, no rules, no conthrnctnj
no scaloH, hardly any wagoa, nn' dam
fow mlmbors."—P., Potor Dunno.
A NOVEL DEPARTURE
Messenger fa the Only Man on the Of<
floe Staff—All Malea
Burred
LONDON, March IB.—A novel do
part ii ro ln llrltlnh banklntr will ho In-
augurntoil on Monday noxt with tho
opening of a womnn'H hank officered
and conduetoil exclusively hy womon
nnd catering exclusively to women
cuHtomorH,
.Tho only mnn In tho premlson will
ifo a moaaongor and ono ol hia func-
tlona will bo to Koop other mon away
from tho bank.   *'
,\0 ItlUII lliu;   UU *t u«.'J/t/»nUI   OL   111*1,*-
nct hitM-ncwfl v/lth thr* now Int-.tUntlor..
Mian May natoman, tho manager, haa
dono newspaper worlc aB a war corrou-
pondont In South Africa and haa atao
written aovoral novels.
when that modern curfew set us
forth from Fleet street. First, we
went westward, •>, the Irishman and I.
There was. yet life in the Strand, but
the. Haymarket ■ was already deserted." * .. , ,'
The coffee stall at the Marble Arch
has disappeared, and the big corner
was, like a place of the dead save for
a policeman In a glistening cape,
standing in the lee of the arch Itself.
So we went back eastward again.
In Regent street we^ met two women, ' fair-haired " Germans, one ln
white, one in cgrey, disputing in 'a
doorway; Leicester square was like
the Marble Arch corner save that
there were two or three cabs yet on
the rank. So far we had drawn a
blank; but the Irishman • shook his
head as we turned down,by Charing
Cross station. "The embankment Is
too ghastly,".he Bald.
Embankment at Midnight
He .. was quite right. Hungerford
bridge is very wide, but from the underground station" to Northumberland
avenue they were lying along the pavement in a row, huddled together as
closely as they could get for mutual
warmth., It was like a bivouac—the
bivouac of the army of the lost.
If you want to realize the horror of
London, go to Hungerford bridge after
2 a.m. At first, ln the; dim light, you
may not grasp, what those bundles are.
Then it comes home to you suddenly,
and you feel sick. They are.men and
women arid children as well,, wrapped
iri .newspapers, and old contents bills
and foul rags of Backing,, with, the
wrecks of boots protruding .from' the
bundles and bare flesh protruding from
the boots.' Most are lylng.stlll,' but
every now and then one does move
restlessly, throwing off his covering,
and you will see one of the half frozen watching policemen covering him
up again, tucking the newspapers down
over theo rags,* doing it half sheepishly
—at any rate, If you are,looking on.
The police a***e there every night, and
lam not sure but whatr theirs is the
worst task of all.' Use has not hardened" tnemr^IyTTnadO^E^ 'infinitely"
sympathetic." - ,y
■ Round the corner, opposite ■ to the
National Liberal club were some 50
more—all men—crouching against the
wall. They were unfortunate; they,had
no newspapers or contents bills, and
they had been too late to peg out the
clulms under tho bridge. The rain
just caught them obliquely and their
teeth were chattering, as though the
site, of the cabinet ministers driving
away from a function was insufficient
to.warm and cheer them. All thoso I
spoke to^-and wo bought coffee for aB
many as we could—woro British born;
somehow the alien seonis to fare hotter.
It used to be the,correct thing to
write,of the outcasts "on the seats of
tho embankmont." Today tho phrase
sounds absurd, for the sents would not
hold one-tenth of that ghastly, dying
army. All along the embankment ln
front of that splendid line of buildings
—tho Savoy, the Cecil, Whitehall
Court and •-, Somerset Houso—evory
doorway, ovory available nook, has its
occupants, shivering, hunched up nnd
doomed. Round Cleopatra's Noedlo
thoy nro packed llko sardines, and
when nt 4 o'clock tho. polico nrouao
them tho flnmo from thoir burning paper blankets rises 20 feot In tho nlr,
linking tho great'obelisk, tho morning
sacrifice to thc god of modem progross'. '    ■
Close by tho foot of tho Savoy stops
you will find a coffeo stall kopt by a
mnn wearing the China medal ribbon.
Ho was Invalided out of tho navy bo-
cniiBO of somo potty Injury—a child-
Iflli reason—nnd for months ho sold, or
trlod to soil, matches In Ploot stroot,
starving meanwhile. Then tho polico
gavo him a holplng hand—will tho trilo
of polico bonovolonco ovor bo wrltton?
—and now ho Ib beginning lo got a
living. I doubt If ho maltou n pound
a wcok. I am Buro ho glvoa away ton
Hhllllng a wook, Uo lota IiIb cufitonv
ors hnvo coffee anil cako on crodlt,
knowing tho horror*** of tho Bt roots on
thoBo biting wjntor nights; and thon
ho boihIb IiIh protogou along to tho
night watchman who Ih looking nftor
tho rond mending workH, and tho
watchman Blows thu poor wrotchon In
IiIh littlo hut and lilniBolf hHh In tho
rain, LnHt woolc that coffoo stall
koopor Hpont two dny« whon he Bhould
hnvo boon In hod, collecting clothes
for tho.girl wife of a gas Htokor, who,
with hor. husband, pnsHori night wet
nights on tho embnnkmmit, Sho lum
pneumonia now nnd will probably dio;
hut alio would havo died boforo thU
hut for tho food that tho ox-bluejacket
{,.•<"*'   l.i.i.        Nt'Al   tntXh   jOu   Uiu)   Itt)
mro thnt ho nnd tho -nlpht wntebman
will bo helping two or throo moro,
and thomaolvoB going hungry In consequence. If you aro tlrod of shams
and aolf ndvortUora, philanthropist!
on salaries and political friends of the
poor, go down to the Savoy steps after miclnight, and talk to the coffee
stall* man arid the night watchman.
You will feel better,' though you have
a big lump, in your throat. ~ •■■
On Saturday nights,'or rather Sunday mornings, so the coffee' stall man
says, the Boy Scouts come down, score
after score of them, to spend their
money on coffee and cake for the army
of the lost.- And that is' another of
the fine.things of the embankment-
one of those things which done in secret, ought' to be known openly.
Worse Every Year,;
■- If you go down to the embankment
out of' curiosity, you will have to pay
bitterly- for your experience, for every
night in the winter, when you hear the
rain beating on your window's and the
wind whistling up the street you will
reriiember—and you cannot help remembering—the army of the lost out
in the wet and the cold.
If, on the other hand, you want
to learn crue truths, go to the embankment and see how the outcasts—
your own fellow countrymen, every
one of them, by birth co-heirs with
you in the empire—aro faring. Then
glance westward toward the house of
commons, where laws are made with
the idea of helping the poor, and I
guarantee you will begin to ask yourself whether, after all, legislation can:
accomplish anything, whether we have
not let the matter go too far already.
Every year things become a little
worse in London. Work increases, but
would-be workers, increase, even more
rapidly; and the weakest go to the
wall—or rather to the embankment,—
to starve'; to shiver under newspaper
blankets, and fii most cases, to end up
with pneumonia or phthisis.
People say It isa blot on bur civilization. It may be so but rather I
should say lt was the logical result of
our over-civilization.,
TALES FROM THE GOLDEN WEST
I
St. Patrick. We're, Told
In the Glad Days of Old
Drove Snakes from the Hedges and Heather:
He Was Sure a Fine Man
And he Worked a Great Plan ■
To Get Rid of the Snakes Altogether.
He Accomplished With Speed
Quite a Wonderful Deed:
And Was Blessed by the People and Pope:
'Tis a Pity—But True,
• That St. Pat never knew
Of Such Blessings
"as °
; Royal Crown Soap
and
Golden West Washing Powder
It Cleanses—Purifies—Beautifies
And the Premiums are Fine
Design protected by Copyright
************************** **************************
,1
*
Suggestive
Questions
On the Lesson by the Rev. Dr. Linscott for the International
Newspaper Bible Study Olub.	
I Sunday School
i*
One Doctor—Only One
t m *
No sense in running from one doctor to another! Select
the best one, then stand by him. No sense either in trying
this thing, that thing, for your cough. Carefully, deliberately select the best cough medicine, then take it Stick
to it Ask your doctor about Ayer's Cherry Pectoral for
throat and lung troubles. Sold for nearly seventy yciw.
No alcohol in this cough medicine.  j.cjiy*tCo.,UwtU,Mtv-*
LABOR  NOTES
An advance of .20 per cent in the
price of,, bibles . will not cause any
marked financial pinch in Ottawa.—
Toronto News.   ,   „
* *   *
Winnipeg contractors say that if the
union men demand higher wages the
price of buildings will go up and rents
will be excessive. Union men have
heard all this before.—Calgary Herald.
«   *   »
During the last three months 612
miners have been killed in four American mines. The toll of capital and
worklngelass political stupidity conies
high, hut after all it may prove to .be
but the birth pangs of collectivism. '
* *   *
: The Candian parliament costs about
$38 a minute. Government and all
that goes with it comes high but then
it is necessary to convince the workers
that they are governing themselves.—
Cotton's Weekly.
''•**"
__^ThdLunderground-empIoyees-of— the
WesternoFuel Company, Nanaimo, B.
C, have contributed $839 to the Extension mines disaster relief fund.
♦♦»*,.
. "Young man," said the successful
Old Guy, "I started as-a clerk-on three
dollars a week, and today I own the
business."
"I know," answered the Young Chap,
"but they have cash registers in all the
stores now.".—Union Labor Journal.
* ■ *   *
The concentration of Industry Into
fewer and fewer hands, the elimination
of competition as a factor in the field
of distribution, the introduction of labor saying machinery and the increasing of ^he army of unemployed.are tho
questions which , the trade unionists
alone cannot'settle. We must unite
our political power with our economic
power. Our co-workers ln Europe
have blazed the way, Let us be honest enough to admit our mistakes ln
the past, and join hands .around the
globo ln the only movement, politically
speaking, that holds out a ray of hope
to the tollers of the world,—Judson O'Neal.
»   *   *
It sooms to bo taken for granted
that low prices would help tho working class. The same persons who
wero shouting for froo silver1 and low
prices In 1896 are now calling for low
prlcos, snys Tho Chicago Dally Socialist. Anyone with a memory and a
littlo masoning power ought to bo able
to draw the conclusion that It Is nor.
prlcos that cauHO tho poverty of labor.
With low prices there Is littlo work
with which to buy anything, With high
prices tho littlo wages buy almost nothing. To be suro labor must fight
to*rnlflo Its wages with rising prlcoH, or
olso ho compound to, ho complutcly
crushed, It is iiIho equally truo that
lt must fight for Jobs under low prlcos
or bo stnrvod out, Only when labor
shall own tho jobs and the product
Will thiB atornal mid fatal sco-sawlng
cease,
In tho mountains noar NMkko, Japan,
womon ilroHHcd In tight fitting garm*
r-ntfl, sitting astride on pack horRos,
do most of tho carrying work connected with tho lead mlnos, The young-1
or girls retain somo bloom and clmrmj
of girlhood, but tho older women worn'
ho wrinkled and hunt out of, womanly*
Hhapo that It Is almost IrnposRlblo to
distinguish thoir hpx. '* *■'
"Tho tendency Is upward."—Financial lloport, "
« • •
Up goos milk nnd up goes'silk,
TTtv   wnrn    ,11   («.. (I ,    Oil    » , I
I   ..   4>Ov ..   .-.1    ,*.,.. .1   .it   .V,     It IMtfttMfe,
Up V,n lamb nnrt bunt nnd hum
Up go words that Round llkeo nwonr-
Up goes coal and oif, my soul
Up gous thoughts na cruel as Noro,
Up go land, broad, sugar, sand, .
-U41I  V.XiV' V.**»   till   ilAttlk  IU XKfU,
—Music Trade Hovlow.
**kkkkkkkkkkkk*-kkAkkkk>iAk-Akkkkkkk».kkk**'k*kkitkkkkkkkk
March 20 1910
A Paralytic Forgiven and Healed.
Matthew 9:1:13., '
Golden Text. -. The Son of Man hath
power on earth to forgive sins. Matt.
•J'S-    .„ .    .
Verse 1.—From what place did Jesus
sail, and where was his destination?
\prse 2: 'Of how much avail is ttie
faith of one man in behalf of another?
Oan you express an experience based
on experience, and stating the facts as
to whether one man's faith may be the
rneans of the salvation of another, man
or hot?. (This question must be answered in writing by members Of 'the
club.) f
What was the nature of palsy,   the
disease from which this man suffered?
Verses 3, 4: Why was it evil for the
scribes to doubt the authority of Jesus
to forgive sin?    :, *    .      -
—Why—is~a~man~guiity~for sincere"
doubt when the doubt is a result of a
sinful life?
Did Jesus always know all the
thoughts of all men in the same way
that,, God does, or did he only know
their thoughts through their actions,
and from his general knowledge of
human nature just like other men who
can readily read men?
Verse 5: Which was the more difficult, to pronounce the forgiveness of
the men's sins, or to cure him of his
disease?
Was lt pod or the man Jesus that
forgave this man hi3 sins, and has every other holy nian got authority to
pronounce whon a man's sins are forgiven?
Verses 6, 7: How did the cure of this
sick man demonstrate that Jesus had
powor to forgive sins?
In what wny are the miracles of Jesus a demonstration of the claims of
Josus aiid of tho truth as taught ' by
him?
Why was Josus lifo from start to
finish filled with miracles, and does
God mean miracles to contlnuo to this
age, or docs ho purposo to carry on
tho world now by law?
Verse 8. Mention some of tho phon-
omona of the laws of God, In matter
nnd mind, and comparo them with Bible mlrnclos and say which Is the more
wondorful7
Ih an Intelligent ago and to thinking
mon which demonstrates tho existence, tho power, the wisdom nnd lovi*
of God moro convincingly law, or miracle?    Why?
Verso 9: Matthow was busy at his
poBt when. Josus callod hlm, cnn you
mention any whom J.-sus called to he
Ills apostles, who woro Idlers or wore
nol busy mon? *
Why Ib It Impossible for n lazy
mnn to'bo a truo Christian?
Did Matthew nock Jesus first, or was
It Jesus -who first sought Matthew,
und wlml Ib the rule its to the Initio-
THE   CANADIAN   BANK
OF COMMERCE
alio
HEAD OFFICE TORONTO
ESTABLISHED  1867
B. E. WALKER, President
ALEXANDER  LAIRD, Gen. Manager.
Paid-up Capital   $ 10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and Englana
flOIIWTRY^ RTT _H_R_*5    Ever>- facility afforded to fanners and oth-
-UUMfil    tfUMflEto   ers for the transaction of   their hanking
business.   Sales notes will be c-^hMJjK'J_akgu:.foi-..coIlectiori, —■*■—
■RAr_J_Tr_*fi   RV   MATT   Accounts may be opened by niail and. monies
BAKIUHU DI  MAIL dep08lted or withdrawn in thls way with
equal facility.
'L. A. S.  DACK,
Manager, Fernie.
The date and title of each past Lesson where found, the Golden-Text,, and
one question from each lesson follow: / '     '
Jan. 2.—John, the Forerunner of
Jesus. Matthew 3: 1-12. Golden
Text. The voice of one crying in the
wilderness. Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make his. paths straight. Mat-
3:3. "-     '
Verse 12.—What reason is there for
the belief-that men and women make
their own.hell'or.heaven?
Jail. 9—The Baptism and Temptation
of Jesus. , Matthew 3: 13-17: 4: 1-11.
Golden* Text. ' In that he hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted. Hebrews
2:18. .      \xJ,
Verses 13, 14—What light have we
to guide us in our decisions which is
superior to reason? ,
Jan. 16—The Beginning of the Galilean Ministry.—Matthew 4: 12-25. Gol-
den—Test.——The-people-who-sat-in-
darkness saw great light. Matthew
4:16. * ' ' ,
Verses 18-22—How may a man of
God recognize the call of God, to new
work, when It comes through another
man? '   \
Jan. 23—True Blessedness. Matthew
5:* 1-16. Golden Text. Blessed are
the pure ln heart for they shall see
God. Matt. 5:8.    ■ v
Verae 3—Wbat In the last analysis
is the essential qualification for being
a subject of the kingdom of God on
earth?
Jan. 30—8ome Laws of the Kingdom
Matthew. 5: 17-26, 38-48. Goldon Toxt.
Bo ye therefore perfect as your Father
which is in heaven is perfect. Matt.
5:48.
Vorsos 17-20,—How many persons
can you recall from the scriptures or
otherwise, who did the perfect will
of God on earth?
Feb. 6.—Almsgiving and Prayer.:—
Mntthow C: MC Golden Text, Take
heed thnl yo do not your righteousness
beforo men to be seen of them. Matt.
C: 1 (R.V.)
Vorsos C, C:— Why 'does Jesus so
strongly recommend private prayer,
and what are Its advantages?
Feb. 13.—Worldliness and Trust. —-
Matthew fi: 19-34. Golden Toxt. Seek
yo first, tho kingdom of God and his
righteousness and nil these things
shall be added unto you. Matthow:
0:33.
Vorso lit,—Whut would Josus have
overy man to consider as his chief
'treasure?' See verso 83,
Feb. 20.—The Golden Text.—Temperance Lemon.—Matt. 7: M2. Goldon
Toxt.—Thoroforo all thlngi* whntBoovur
yo would that mon should do to yon,
do jo even no lo thom, for UiIh Is the
lnw and tho prophets. Matthew: 7:
IS.
Vr-THOB 1, 2—When men condemn
others on mere suspicion, what. Is gon-
orally the real ground of thoir condemnation?
Feb. '27.—False and True Dlsclpl.
•hlp. Mntthcw 7: 13-29, Goldon Toxt.
Not ovory one ihnt saith unto me, Lord
•
tiro, with most, or nil persons, who' Lord, shall uutuv Into tho kingdom of;
b'o'cnme Christians?   . jhmivc-n, hut he that dooth the will of'
WorsolO: In whoso houso was Jesus ,ny Pulher wh,ch '" ln henvon." Mull.
7:21.
Why try thi* thing, that thing, for yoor wiuuiffl^
44 ttMAe Umlty tautWe—Ayt-r't PUU?  A*k your ittdmt U he appro*** \hU »4vk*.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ' ♦
♦ Word has Just boon rccolv* ♦
♦ ed from tho Supt. of Imml ♦
♦ gratlon that ho has an   on- <►
♦ qulry from W*nallt, Aberdn.ro ♦
♦ W-Um, asklftir for Information •*•>
♦ about ono John Chappell, ai ♦
♦ wife la anxious, and when laat ♦
•*•> hoard from bo waa   in the ♦
♦ Paas. *
Outing wllh those publicans nnd sin
,hor»?
Whon Matthew beenma a dlKclplo ho
Invltotl Josus and the Apostles and his
lato businoss asKoclaU'S, the publicans
and sinners to a foa»l, what was probably his moMvo and what siikkoih-
Inn* nro th-*>r<*> In thn lnrlrt->nt fnr >i«*
VorBe* 11-13: Would It bo hotter today, and why, If earnest
sought tho company   of unconverted
pooplo moro than thoy do?,
A sick man it of moro Intorcst to
« physician than a well man. nn a sinner Is of more Interest to Jems than
u saint—atato why?   ,
Loaton for Sunday, March 27, 1910
—Itovlow.
i'
MARCH 11 1010
Hovlow.
Golden Text
'I.
VorRos 13, i -1.— In what sense !» the
guut of ft.-nml life narrow nnd Dw
way to dent ruction broad?
March «.—Jeius.the Healer. Matt.
H:M7. Ooldon Toxt. Himself took
our Infirmities and hare our slcknons,
Matt. 8:17.
VlTROq  (1    t—Pn  fnr Tin  thi,   rncnrii"
show, Joius while In tho flesh, honied
Christians tl(( {lw Mlck oneH ltllU w(<ru t)rouKnl
to lilru, la that sufficient to provo thut
ho will do th»> earao today?
March 13.—Two Mltjhty Works. Matthew 8; 23-3*1,     Goldon Toxt,     What
VTi't rifl fi.      rt'    -mnn     1 *•     t 1   I'-       *1. ■   » ■      **■ i
winds and the sou obey him! Matthew
8:27.
Verse 27.—Which would be of the
greater benefit to mankind for Ood to
run the universe, and the affairs of
man on fixed laws, er by mlraelee?
Thin ntwaDan mnnt bn annwnrnd In
writing by tho members of tho club.
March 20.—A Paralytic Porglven and
.Tt'nuH wont about all
Galll**., t^achlnn In thoir •ynaKoru«*a,! Healed,—Matt. !t: M3,    Golden Tent.
and preaching tho gospel of tho king
dom, and hotllng all mannor of tick
note, and alt manner of dltcaao among
th© pwple. Matt. 4: 2.1,
Tie f(A)o*]tin may he «»«_ aa a now
and enrnrtlotn loMnn, nr n a rtvltxw of j Thi* Piinvr <xf Vnlth
Dux twtelxti pr«<£dlnK l-.*»ons; j 18:34,
Tho Son nf Man hath powor on earth!
»o forgive sins.     Matthew 5:6. '
Vtfrso 2. - Of what avail ia the faith ;
of one msn on behalf of another?     i
!.<■*«■» for Sunday April 3rd, liiJO; .
Sfatthow 0:    ',
L  E  N  T
You can get many kinds of Fish at our Store
Fresh Salmon
Fresh Halibut
Fresh Smelts
Fresh Herrings'
Freeh Oysters
Salt Cod
Smoked Salmon
Smoked Halibut
Finnan Haddie
Kippers
' Bloaters
Holland Herring
All these are choice stock and sure-to please
P.   BURNS & CO.,   Limited
Wholesale and Retail Meat Merchants
The 41   Meat Co.
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
Now in Our New Stand
We beg to announce to our many customers that we have removed to our new building across from King   Edward. Hotel
_^where_we,-wi!Lbe.pleased.to.-*neet.our-oId-customers -and— new-
ones. ... - -■'■' ---.;.'    a
OvercoatsToBe Proud Of
We have a right lo be proud of thete elegant Spring Overcoati.
In the Tint place, ihey are distinctive.
The tlvlei were created hv lhe forernt-wt rlo-ilimor in r»n*f<«
Thc pideiiu weie telecCcJ Ly the Fit-iRc/orm expert—the keenetf
judge of fine fabrics on this tide of the
Atlantic.
And the tailoring wai done by the Fil-
fteform tailoring corpe—the bett ia thii
country.
You will be juit u proud to wear a Fit*
Reform Overcoat ai we aro to ihow them.
t
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNiS,    B. C. MARCH 19 1910:,,
t\ _
OFFICIAL ORGAN DISTRICT 18, U. M. W. of A.
Published every Saturday morning at its office, Pe!-
"**■
latt Avenue, Fernie, B. C.     Subscription $1.00 per year in
advance. An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities for the execution of ali
,kinds of book,.job and color work. Mail orders receive
special attention. Address all communications to The
District Ledger.    *
J. W, BENNETT, Editor-..
TELEPHONE NO. 48 POST OFFICE BOX-NO. 5
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
Very probably the majority ot our readers have never heard of a publication called "Cotton's Weekly,"
hence we deem it our duty to furnish enlightenment on
the subject will bo perfectly in. order, particularly, so
when this heretofore little known moulder of public opinion has been considered worthy of a special attack from
so exalted a personage as the Postmaster General, Hon.
Rodolpho Lemieux, ("They are nil honorable men") wbo
has decided that any adverse criticisms of corporations'
treatment of their workers must be. punished, and so the
postal department ordered a special rate of four cents a
pound for all bundles of "Cotton's Weekly" sent, out, Instead of one fourth of a' cent, the legal rate.
This attempt at hitting a blow that would put the
paper out of business plainly shows the smallness of the
mental caliber of him who* makes it, as there is but one
result certain to follow --ah increased circulation—and
were It not that the intent to injure is the actuating factor, one would; feel Inclined to congratulate the Hon.
(sic) gentleman on the publicity he has attracted to this
bold, expounder of that philosophy which cannot be controverted by fair means, hence must be downed by the
•imposition of an unjust.postage rate.
Senior class in Canadian geography:
Where Is Cowansville? •
No reply.
Cowansville is in the Province of Quebec, 56 1-2 miles
' from the city of Montreal, on the Montreal and Boston,
boasts a population of some 1200 inhabitants, but is deemed of sufficient importance to have three trains-each
east and 'westbound stop there daily, although'Brigham,
Eastfarm, Sweetsburg and other pleasant sounding
names are not so honored, but Cowansville has now a'ch-
~ieved,,aa-imi _iitan£e.__Qiat_but few can claim, and that is
the Hon. (?) Rodolphe Lemieux has signalled out for his
- displeasure "Cotton's Weekly," published at Cowansville,
Quebec.    -
This increase in your store of knowledge is highly
commendable, and thanks are due ip that man of letters
who regards a public office as a personal trust whereby
friends may be decorated and opponents crushed,
Strong men',' even though tyrants, may be admired as
well as hated, hut, pigmies lacking the mental, virility to
attempt only waspish restrictive measures are simply a(
non-classifiable quantity.      " ' '  *,
We do riot, know the. proprietor of this paper,'' but
espoyse his cause on principle, and would strongly urge
■ **''
everyone who believes that'those'privileges obtained at
so great a-cost by our forbears shall neither be surrendered nor infringed upon, to give concrete expression of
the determination to aid.in the fight by subscribing to
Cotton's Weekly, Cowansville, Quebec.
A. M. RODOLPHE LEMIEUX
Si votre action.en ordonnant au Maitre de poste de
Cowansville (P.Q.) d'imposer un tarif exceptional au
"Cotton's'Weekly" peut etre attribuee a une attaque de
strabisme mental,, permettez moi de vous ouvrir ' Ies
yeux.     .,
• Une fonction publique n'est pas une arnje destinee
a gratifier de petites animosites personelles, et commc
cltoyen canadien je dois protester energiquement contre
l'attitude dictatorial que vous avez prise, en essayant
de fouler aux pieds ce qui est le droit Inalienable' d-es
habitants detout pays civilise, savoir—La Liberte de la
Prcsse.
• be plus il est evident que vous n'avez pas la har-
diesse d'esprit qui caracterise le veritable autocrate, au
contralre vous avez montre une extreme pusillanlmite,
laquello est non seulement puerile, mais prouve/que
votre sens de proportion* est incomplet. Autrement vous
auriez pu estlmer a sa juste valeur, l'esprlt des gens contre lesquels vos repressions sont dirigees, Si ce n'etait une
question de prlnclpe"je, vo\is complimenlerals sur l'effort
que vous avez fait pour augmenter la circulation de ce
journal en Iui faisant obtenir-une publlcite qui no peut
manquer.de resulter en sa faveur. De la part d'un homme
possedant l'educatlon requise pOur rempllr des devoirs d'un mlnistre, une telle action est difficile a comprendre,
vous savez certairiement que l'histoirc a prouve la verite
du proverbe "Du sang des martyrs nalssent des nonveaux
proselytes," et quolqu'll ,n'y aie pas eu de sang repandu
dans la presente affaire, nous pouvons y appllquer Ies
paroles dVnotre ami Shylock "SI vous enlevez l'etai qui
soutient ma maison vous m'enlevez maison et tout."
Votre Intention est evidemment de rnutiler le journal
hebdomadaire' de Cotton detrompez vous l'effet en sera
tout autre. - - '
7Le Cotton's Weekly preche une philosophe que
cOmpte deja parmi ses adherents pas moins de 8 millions
d'electeurs .dtssemines par tout le monde..
. Le grand his^orien, allemand Mommsen decrlt ce
parti politique commele seul ayantdes principes definis.
Ce serait aniusant si ce n'etait meprisable,*de' voir Ies
efforts impotents auxquels se livrent quelques esprits
homes pour empecher le peuple de decouvrir que la soc-
lete moderne est liasee^sur l'exploltation de la seule classe
reellement ^indispensable, la classe ouvriere.
Sur une autre page'de cette publication est une description territoire ou elle circulo; ,et ou cette reclame
gratuiTe~est~faite—au",'CoUOT,rTveeki-yl"~grace-aiix-man-
oeuvres autocratique de M.. Rodolphe Lemieux. .Dans
la plupart des cas ce sera la premiere fols que nos lee-
teurs en auront entendu parler.   '.
Somme toute William TJlrlc Cotton devrait vous
montrer sa gratitude en placant votre' nom sur ,1a liste
gratuite, commc bienfaiteur et vous' envoyant un exam-
plniro do "L'Evolutlon Economique" de Paul Lafargue
avec le prochain numoro do son journal.
W.  F.   M,  MAN. IN   FERNIE
John W. Butler, of the Western Federation o. Miners is here and Intends
to address the various locals In the
vicinity during the next ten days in
the Interests of the miners who are
out ou strike at the Homestake mines,
Lead, South, Dakota..    -,
This Is thb property that Is commonly known us tho Hearst mine ins thb
proprietor of (he well known papers
is heavily Interested therein. Miv Butler Ir h member of the Lend local No.
1! and Is also president of tho MuhIc-
luim Union 1-ocul ?.C A. F. of M.
There Ih one pleasing feature of this
struggle and that Is the dally evldenco
of the marvellous growth, of solidarity among the strikers, and U'h particularly noticeable among tliosi- who,
whilst, their knowledge of KngllBh is
very limited, their firm nilhoronco lo
tliolr union obligations onco under-
Rlood, Ih grntlfying as to their coworkers, aR It Is Incomprehensible to
tho corporation officials who havo had
thoir very flattering offers of $r> a
day scorned by those whom tlioy had
thought would be the easiest to huc-
1'iinib to their blnndlHhnu-ntH.
Tho foreign speaking workers, Fin-
InnderH, Aunt riant), Sweden ntul Hal-
innfl nro Htanillng Hhoiildor to shoulder
with their Engllcli speaking romnulop
nnd uiilcsH ciroumntnncoH Intorveno
tliut nro not at present anticipated,
victory will porch oh tho banner of
Uioho doughty upholders of living conditions.
Thoro have been ,Rorno ho von hundred mon brought In from various
pnrlh of tho United Hinted, men who
Iihvo hud no previous Uik)\v'1"iIk" of
quints*, mining, and uh n resuli ned-l-
vntft are of dally occurreiu'e, and If
the Rtnte nuthorltl.-H wero not con-
venlently blind to tlieir own pledget),
tho compnny would bo noverely dealt
with ur an ar-ei'HHory for the (daughter
of ItH employroR.
What with rnaunltloH creating foar
among tho!"Klllott liorow*" and the do-
Ii't'tlOdn t ttniMuu u> li.v-ji. t.o.v \...\.
jjtit rljfhtly UTuV'Ti'ttx-nl w\wxx ih*'! worn
hired tho pnrt that Dx<*f wwo -nxpftPtort
to perforin tlw Compnny, wlillar put-
ting on a bold front cannot f.iil to ic-
cngnlzo that they are flghiln^ it U-bliiR
Kamo.
-Ui -
Suggeiirlvo If not dlgnlfkanr Im the
fact thnt tho day beforo the Hi-rlln poller- wore clubbing Oerman Not-lullctii
for tnklnR n p-.a<efl|jle Aftornoon etroll
lu n public: pnrk by way of cTltlclnlng
tho government without word», the
t'htladelphia inAix- ,x,t, , luULUvK D\"
Anicricnn workim-n for mnrrhlng In
lh»« puUlk htiii:!.. to Ind-'C'inl'-n--''
Hquait- to hold a min-m iTici'iliig In cril'
It-inn of Dw Ko\*i'nim-"iit wiih
worde, Tiw notion that Dni*' in mudi
difference hvtwet-R f»;uitttllnfl-* knt■^^r•
Um in (Winiaiiy and plinocrurir rapl-
taiiem In thi- I'tibii) Stait-e l* frui„
itnr, out; ann it i* *wh m*\i •>» NU>uv'
ttr>yburn of PhlUd«'lphla who aro doing moil of thn frnzzllng.
GATES IS OUT
(Continued from page one.)
finishing portion of his remarks being
upon the Inquor question, and said he
considered thnt the law had been lived np to during the lust, term, and
that, lie certainly was determined, if
elected, as he felt confident that ho
would be, ho certainly would see that
(ho law was enforced In roghrd to tho
hotels, both as It effected the drink-
gul and gambling. <*,
Mr. Hardily was the next speaker,
and prior to his entry upon the w.unn
It would havo been perfectly In ordor
to have warbled that old lime melody.
A little ship was on tho sea
It wan a protty sight
It sailed along ho pleasantly
And all was* calm anil bright.'
The Hcono wuh ch'nngod, ruffling
tones were sounded nH ho charncterlz-
ed Mr. Hnrchmor's promise to slump
the Annex to be either a joke or u
vote cutchcr, and that ho wuh going
to support, Mr. OiUiuh as he was a bus-
IneHH man whereas Mr, IJorchmor's
guide wns the Criminal Code nnd tho
H. 0. Statutes,
Mr. Willinm Morrlron, who Is ti now
ncior on tho public platform, stated
that he wati not much of a speaker,
but that, If elected ho would prove
coiicltiBlvflly .thnt ho wnn out for tho
hcHt InteroHlH of tho city.
While tho various proposal advanced by the cundldnloH for mayor
were excellent, he Intended to support
nil thut ho* poHuihly could, whilst at
Uic nnmo tlmo taking caro of tho city
flniinccu, and not spondlng moro than
waH wise.
Mr. William Scott mndo a brief
Hpot'di nlong the linos of his prede-
-h-mhoi' und wan heartily applauded nn
ho took IiIh Rent,
Fred .lohnflon brought down tho
i'1!"" Winn-},n ptntori liml mnrfl nld"-
walks had boon put down during Mr.
Ih-rchmor'a* term of ofticu than at tiny
other time. Ho oxpreugod hU oomph li- -confidence In Mr, Hfrchmer and
coincided with thc policy outlined hy
that gentlernnn,
of fx-nhlermnn McDonald, who was
pr.-vcnt'Ml from attending on account
of tdckiu-Hs of Homo member of tho
fumlly.
There were othor* expected, but
they failed to arrive, no the ox-mayor
•vail grttated flvo mlnttto* tn roply lo
th* remark* that had been miwle by
(,f.m*» nf the upenVer*. nnd whilst he
wim (-(plaining tiirout a -ronvr-reation
he hnd with Mr. J. L. Onus about hit
iAmi'daiure nomo Individual -*».-ho may
or may nol have b«->'ii sttmlylng lho
Hunday Hchool (jiieHtlon* In iho l>d-
air, eald in a loud xola: dwbDtntu the
iL'iiul'. uf tiiitrffiml fvin«fifirlnn-
"Po yon go to Hunda> school?"
!fo whhh Mr. IfeirJim-T made   the
happy retort "Well if I did I would not
meet you there." .   "*
Several questions, were asked tho
candidates for mayor, and answered
practically In llko manner by both.
Tho 'meeting was brought to a close
•when Mr. T, Beck was called forward
to answer a question propounded as to
whethcr.'or not it Is truo that he advanced the price of tobacco a cent a
plug after tho flr,e.
Evidently the person who naked tho
quostion wont away completely satisfied with hlmsolf although ho did not
get a reply.,
How It Turned Out
S. Herchmer Ih again mayor of Fernie, winning from J. L, Gates by tho
narrow margin of 27.     The results
aro:        .
For Mayor
Sherwood Herchmoi'   21.1
.lohn h. Gntes ."...,;  18(1
Spoiled bullets ,,,      8
For Aldermen
♦Paddy Kennedy 289
♦L. 13. McDonnld  247
♦W. J. Morrison 222
♦Thomas Deck ........! ...210
♦Prnnela White  210
♦Fred JohiiBon   20(1
W. Q. Barclay  100
Wm. Scott  17S
8. I<\ Wallace *.....101
♦ Kloctod.
BIO HANDICAP TO LABOR  MEN
Circuit Court of Virginia    Dlimlsiei
Appeal and Greatly Curtail* the
Acta of the Union
niCHMONI), Vn. Mnrch If.—Uy (11b-
mining the c|i[,ciij or tho United .Muio
Workers of America tho United State*
Circuit court of appeals today laid a
temporary Injunction of a sweeping
character,
The enso I* thnt of President of tho
Mlno Workers, an nn Individual, and
na thn prealdent of tho union agalnut
tho Hltchmiui Coal and Coke company
nf Went Vlrulnln. If. Ib nn nppenl'from
tho decision of tho circuit court for
Uiu northern .(Ultia ui Wx.nl Vlmlulu.
Thu injunction restrain* thu union
from interfering with employees of
the company for Dw purpose of unionizing tho men. ij
•five*.*-* f-.t-.r-.rntint" nntl ln'mnlrlne to Interfere with employees of plaintiff, ao
ns to bring nbout In any manner tho
breaking by tho plaintiff* employees
of ('ontrni'iH for service existing at
tho tlmo or thereafter entered Into.
From troHpnanIng on the company's
property.
From compelling by threats of viol-
onco any employ*---- io leavo.
From cutahiifihln-s' picket* round tho
property of .the company for tho pur<
jkhm> of lining violence or pcrauatr-lv©
legislation to Indure tho fompany'i
■employwa to \oa\,\
Thi1- ffciw-, hiynfifT, we* not decIdH
nn If* m-*rl».'». as fh«» appeal waa not
fakt'n within thirty day* A* requlrert
by law.
The editor is riot responsible for fife
opinions  of  correspondents:   ' -**
RE RELIEF FUND
Editor Ledger:
Sir: "Men love darkness rather than
light because''.their deeds are .evil."
This is the position of a great number
of people in Fernie at the present time
in connection with this relief business.
Your" cowardly correspondent of the'
12th of March is one of these irien _
refer to above.' He, in his correspondence, makes the following stateinent
"I submit here, tha.t what we want is
a mass meeting of the citizens of. Fernie at once, and every man and woman that wishes to see fair play done
giving their hearty support in dismissing this committee. Now, sir,- this
statement alone justifies me in naming him coward. He uses the nom
he plume "Fire Victim."' Coward
again. Let us analyze his statement
and we find the words "Wishes to see
fair play." He doe,s not want fair
play or justice; aiiy person can' discern
that much in his.letter. . He ,then
wishes the citizens of Fernie in giving
their hearty support in dismissing.this
committee, This is where he shows
himself truly to be a wolf in sheep's
clothing, and ought to be ashamed of
himself for evermore, since that same
mass meeting of citizens voted down
his rotten egg.'I am exceedingly Veil
pleased at the 'result of that meeting,
which took place in Bruce's hall. It
shows to me that the majority of people are more manly, conscientious and
sympathising than your correspondent, "Fire Victim." He would like to
deprive the poorer people of, their
rights and fair play, namely their
portion-of lumber, by'dismissing this
committee, if that was possible,,bui I
fear he is mistaken in that, idea as
Judge Wilson, has that pejwer Invested
in himself. Your'correspondent does
not believe in equal opportunity like
other people, , He had the opportunity
to protest in a practical way by refusing to accept the unjust conditions
laid down by that dishonorable body
of men known as the relief committee
on Septembef,ji"908, but no; he could
not do thatVi' Temptation"'was' 'so
great, grab all was In,his veins, and
now he finds himself a victim to pay
up arid look, pleasant. Fire Victim
wishes, to' cast'dust in the eyes of
your readers hy asking.a lot of frivolous questions,'hut he overlooks the
greatest question* of the hour, and one
of the most cruel and unjustifiable
acts'that has .taken place in the province of B. C.r and a very black eye
to the city of Fernie, namely, discrim-
InatlcmTagairist the', poorest of the fire
sufferers, and I consider that this honorable executive; committee owe the
citizens a public apology at least i'or
the disrespectful way they have treated these.people!, . Your correspondent
used the word snarl; w>ell I guess'we
saw a few, of these people at the Saturday meeting-that did resemble a
dog,with a bone, snarling and growling.*.-. .7    ■'   ,*.'
In conclusion. I would advise. Fire
Victim to line up. with these people
that, have been' unjustly dealt .with'
and remember the names' of all the executive committee for, life. ■»
^.Thanking you for'the.courtesy of inserting" this letter, yourB faithfully. .
William A. Brown7   '
THINK  PRICE   IS  TOO  LOW
TORONTO, March 12—At the meeting of the Crows Nest Pass Coalcom-
pany yesterday President Rogers in reply to a question said the company was
selling coal to the Great Northern Ry.
at an average price.of $2.50 per ton.
Anti-Hill shareholders afterwards expressed dissatisfaction with this as
being too low a price.
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,  D.  D. S.
DENTIST.
i "* I
, Offitf---.: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Houro 9-12;  _-5; 6.30-7.30'!.'Phone 72
•ernie
B. C.
. W. R.  ROSS K.C.
F0RMLE
At a Bargain
Kings Hotel
Temporary Building
No Reasonable  Offer
Refused
Apply to  '
,   WM; A.  MILLS
FERNIE B. C.
5  Painters
WANTED
Only First Class men
need apply.    Best
wages paid.
P. DUVAL
Box 60
Fernie, B. C.
'SS^   '
OfiW"
■P- mm
Up
bargains   horo thc   whole   year
round,
Want a House ? Quit
Wanting It   .
Come here nml buy ono from otir
llHt.
We hnvo houae-t, oil, styles   and
prlreg, to suit everybody.
OUR REAL E8TATE LIST   HAS
THF HOU8K YOU WANT
and  we will sell It on toimn    to
suit.
M. A. KASTNER
insurance m\ Real EsUU
Barrister   and Solicitor
Fernie, B. C. Canada.
L. P. Eckstein '    D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN _,McTAGGART "■
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street     "■ Fernie B. C.
"SALADA" is the" same wherever or whenever
you b_t^ it—always of unvarying good quality.
1 ii
Its native purify and garden freshness is perfectly preserved in sealed "SALADA" Packets.
;  * -*■— Black, Mixed aad Natural Green, 40«s, 50c," «0c and 70c per lb*. —- r.
1
•       Electric Lighted
_ .      - ,       *  ,*, ■ -i
Steam Heated
/I
" CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS ,
Hot and Cold Water L> A, Mills, Manager.
\ FIELD &
r
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS,
Fernie, B. C.
H.  W.   HERCHMER
Barrister and Solicitor  .
-T-.-B EC K-B LOC K,^J FE R Nl£JB jjj,
,DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block^ Fernie B.C.
Hours ,9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
Residence 21' Viotoria Ave. ■
,W. A. CONNELL
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
„ Fernie
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
We have a.full stock of the following-     .,
Clover, Timothy, Alfalfa, Red Top, Brome
Grass. Garden & Field Seeds in both buik
and, package. Write or call for prices.
We carry also,. Hardware, Harness, Carriages and
•■','.    Implements. ,., *   ,
J. M. AGNEW & Go. ELKO,   B. C.
I
♦♦»»♦♦♦
THE DEPOT
Restaurant
Just around the corner
'■, from "Bleasdell's'-;   4
Drugstore "♦
^-H--___--^M--i«aM____--^-M^_____nM_HM_-----MMaM_-N__iM___M )
T)peTT~Nigirr"6^Night'*i
KING'S HOTE!
Bar supplied M*itH   the  l>pst Wines,
'    ' Liquors and Cigars
DUSTING. ROOJI   IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop.
GEO.  BARTON
EMPRESS   TRANSFER
n
M.
'til
I'l
Furniture Moving a Specialty
.WOOD OF ALL KINDS
"teftve'Qj-iier:s-Vitir'-V»!,T«~Keay— ■"■J—!-***--
.    PHONE   78  .-.,-.
1
. On    first     class'
" business and resi-'
dehtlal   property.-
DROP IN AND TALK THE
, MATTER OVER WITH US '
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
1 * .''i
OP
aa
&
I;
I
i
1
9
i
i
If You are Interested in Wallpapers, If You want Wallpapers
You will find my'store in tho place to get any
grade of papor at prices that .will please you. We
havo bought right, so may you.
Brighten Up The House
The cheerfulness of a room depends a great deal
deal upon tho kind of paper you have on tho wall.
The latest styles are harmonious effects in'artistic
and conventional designs. Our "Wallpapers aro
satisfactory to look at and will make your rooms
inviting, to livo in
DROP IN AND SBE OUR SAMPLE BOOKS
1
**'M«a»***i**«a;*«**tot**^rt^
Suddaby's Drug & Book Store
Agent for Victor and EdiBon Phonographs.
Huylcr's & Lowncy's Chocolates, Reache's Base Ball Goods.
1
"
' .-■*• I*
<?•■ I
I •*■"■.■•-.■.-■'
LEDGER
■A
**   i
The  Official Organ of District No.   18, U.M.W.   of A.
Fernie, B. C, March 19th,   1910
*** **************************
*
*
News From the Camps
'  *!) '*,.,'    ■'        '".  ,* .,''■*■-'.    "    T*        ■ ■'      .    . " '    '    '
From oiir own: Correspondents'
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk*kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
|.v        COAL CREEK j
*k*k*kkkkkkkkkk*k-k-*,**k k wk*
Wm" Murray, dinkey driver had his
hand severely crushed last Saturday.
Dave Atherton, on the sick list for
several weeks has been() ordered, a
change of air.
John Worthlngton (brother to Joe)
and.Thos. Grundy lire two recent Lancashire arrivals.
On account of unavoidable absence
of Dr. Corsnn',' B. Caufield officiated at
demonstration at the First Aid class
Tuesday last. y      •    v  "
■    St. Patrick's day masquerade a complete success: lst prize gents, T.-Douglas; naval officer; -1st lady, Mrs., H.
Miard.-Erln go bragh; best comic,J.
T. Puckey. ,,
. Improved train service on the M.
F. aiid M. is very acceptable especially
night express passengers.
..  The, sensational arrest last-Satur:
day is the topic of conversation. Some
.women* have but little gumption  or
~ they, would mind their own affairs.
.' S.' Ivy,    badly injured Tuesday by
a refractory horse he was driving. His
hip. was dislocated and the* leg generally severely, bruised. He, is at present in- Fer,nle hospital......    ■• , 7. .-■*
'- Lack of space compels brevity.   -
Mrs. (Rev.) Hall will occupy. Coal
"Creek pulpit* Sunday at 7.30. Mr.. M.. St.
J; Sampson will sing solo.
M. Burrell .. . A   ..'. 281'
V. Frodsham ...   '. '. .'.152
Tom G. Harries • '. ... .114
M.,Joyce  .^ 113
J. J. Harrington   *'.... 81
Maurice, otherwise Slim, topped the
poll with a handsome majority.
„ Curtailment compulsory because of
lack of space.
Elko
is:
right
MICHEL
Freshet destroyed 60 bags of oats,
arid a large quantity of groceries stored, in the cellar of, Mr. McKinnon's*
boarding house. ° , t .*'.■'■ ..
*- Jack. Martin transferred from stable,
foreman to mechanical department! •■
It is expected that.Dave Morris will
take over Thomson's boarding house
about April f. The Thomas family intend visiting, Scotland and the continent.    "  .""      ' 7"',' '""'•', '■".   '. ■" .
-  .T\r.r.inl^r\    t -.. _ r\ «-.-. r\ -rt f'   *7,"*'^*^Q;*'  tl'C    fir"t
aid lecture held in,.- English church on,
Sunday was well1 attended, t -" .7
*- Anti-Hill shareholders of the C.' N.1
P. Coal" Co; consider $2.50 too low per
ton, .What-do the miners 1 who only-re-
- ceive 55c a "ton for digging think?
Tho lecture of Rev. ■ J. White, on
Northern B. C.'was woll .received.
Football ■ season approaches.' Don't
forget basket social and dance on the
21st., .,..''
Seven labor bills slaughtered in one
day. How's that for'butchery! The
workers are ■ getting what they voted
for.     *   "    ■   1 ",".,''
Some steps should lio taken, to re-
*,niedy,'thc delay at the lamp cabin In
tho  morning;   often  on  lamp  being
.. handed out "It blows" and has to be
given,back to be tightened, This Is by
no-means' pleasant, ''
' Saturday firsti kick off of tho season
when Michel and Natal will try out on
the football field.
Elections for local secretary resulted as follows;
FRANK
, Charles Germain, a frenchman In
the employ of the Hillcrest mines was
so badly Injured by a rock falling 1'ron
the roof in the room that he was working-In that he expired upon reaching
Frank, to which place he was brought
for admission to the hospital. The accommodation for injured " miners is
veryipoor indeed and there should be
something done* to remedy this stale
.of affairs and it would be a good plan
for the companies to follow the example of the C. N. P. Co. and start a St.
John's ^Ambulance class. "*•
O. Carlson, a Swede'miner working
at the Maple Leaf was found;in an unconscious state In his working, place
on Tuesday and never recovered consciousness. The jury will sit on the
case on Friday.
 -—,■*****«  ' "o*
; ELKO NOTES ^Y FRED ROO „
The Merchants Bank;,df Canada-opened up a branch in Elljo and the residents of the town arid country are
rushing in with their deposits like the
Methodists to a pink tea. ' Every resident of the town is boosting for the
bank and there's ho" reason, jf handled
right but it will'be the biggest banking business between Nelson and.Calgary. , C. R.- -Vyiq^son of Brandon is
manager and is 'making-fast friends
where some.people would.be, merely,
getting'acquainted. ,7'"''*"'*'"
. 'Government agent J. S..T\ Alexander
was down to Elko looking'over the.
new bridge, and .'then walked out. to
Baynes Lake, ,* returning * over the
Sheep Mountain- trail Inspecting- the
_ew_road_site_ ' " ""  '. .'
- C. J. Lewis, the game, warden, is visiting   his . family this week,, coming
aterwi
along, and the residents will soon be
drinking water* from the nickel plated
hydrants.
'Colonel McBrayer of.Seattle dropped off the Soo Spokane this week,
and bought a site for a brewery.*,. He
looked as much like a Colonel.as a
clay pipe.
There are sorne narrow minded people in every town .who will not cast
their bread upon the waters unless
they get a guarantee beforehand that
it will come back again in a few days
a full grown sandwich, all trimmed
with ham, butter and mustard, rqlled
up in a warranty deed for one half the
world and a mortgage on the other
half.
' There's nothing so gloriously uncertain as the law, especially in , Fernie. "
Mr. Davis of Whitefish, Montana,
Is putting in several ice' camps near
town. '
Mrs. George. Cook and family arrived from Portage la Prairie this week
to join her husband who is blacksmith for the North Star planing* ancl
manufacturing plan-*; in Elko.
;. W.. C. Leacey passed through Elko
several times this week.
Collar button drummers have been
thicker than fleas on a Vancouver day
this week in Elko.
;   The Big Horn Weaver was in Elko
this week. * - ■
The . best carload of' cedar fence
posts ever shipped from B.C. to Alberta was shipped'this week by Tom Stevenson to H. W. Ernst, Nanton, Alta.
from Elko.      ' , .
B. F. VanHorne,, sign painter, and
paper'hanger, opens up in Elko, this
week...
> George Powell got the contract for
lighting the Elko opera house and M.
W. Elley of.Fernie will furnish the
Heintzman piano with Mendelssohn
sound board, .and Bates pedal extension with Armstrong crank. -
; The Newsome.-boys of Fernie built,
a nice bungalow overlooking the* river
on Beach Grove.   _ ti •   , °
Fishing, like t everything else in Elko, is good and some big catches are
made, every day, .and while we are
mentioning fish, it might be just as
well to inform" you that .we have just
got in a cat, load of fishing tackle—
the catch 'em all brand, with union
label bn .every hook. . ,
■?• The first basball match played  in
Elko this year ..was'played on, March
DIVIDENDS TO
BE PAID IN
JULY.
COAL  DIGGERS ARE  MORE THAN
PAYING   THE   RUNNING'      "'
EXPENSES
SHAREHOLDERS SMILE
♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
■>• ♦
♦   DON'T GO TO NOVA SCOTIA   ♦
in-from'Andy Good's wild west show
at .the Summit,' •
Air. John Todhunter' came in' from.
Forcing River, and will visit with his
family" at Cumberland house.
• Barney Mulliern' unexpectedly * arrived In Elko on Sunday night from
the west. .
Tho grass is shooting up like b'ean
s'talks in the magic sunshine, and the
new ?5*'bank bills Wlckson Is handing
out is a nice apple green and the $50
have a beautiful big red apple tint,
both harmolnzlng with the surrounding country, and even to thc managers
smile, which is-tho width of a saddle
blanket!
Coroner A. W. BleaBdell was In*Elko last week on government official
business, and not for,the purpose of
Inspecting Fred Roo's spavin euro and
other death defying remedies.
We boost, smile, hustle and don't
worry.
14th7~between ~theTKootenay Valley
Swampers and Bull .Crooks, and.resulted in a draw '2 /to 2. The high
wind and dust made it unpleasant,
but then again March:is the-time we
get the,wind. - ,..'.,
* It is expected when*'the* big "pulp
mills are completed in Elko they will
have, over 500 • men oh their -pay
rolls.
The Merchants Bank is open day
and night in Elko. Manager Wlckson
threw the key away saying the bank
had moved In there for business and
not to sleep.
The Abbey of Flagstone and the
Squire of Gold Creek were Elko visitors this.week, and J. M. Agnew drove
out to Sand Creek to seo the King
Monday.'
The reasons why you should bu/ property Ih Fort George and buy quickly:
Because Fort George Is nearly at the
geographical centre of B. C. Becauso '
It Is on the line of the G, T. P. half
way between Edmonton and Prince
Rupert; because |t will be the largest
city between Edmonton and Prince
Rupert, and the second largest city In
D. C. In a shorter time than any other
Canadian city has ever been built; because it'will be the hub of seven
lines of railway; because It commands
the river navigation of B. C. Now, we
honestly believe that we are offering
you the really great opportunity to pan
tlclpate In the beginning of the last
great metropolis of North America,
Fort George Is not the beginning of a
town; It Is the beginning of a city,
and •..it feundstl**^ e* a vr-»-t-,rtp«1l-».
Prices pf lutB nre within rnvr.ri of Ml
classes, and terms very easy. Lots
1150; only $10 down and $10 • month.
Rememb*r this le the first eall and the
price* will advance.
Can ano tte x*t, vit *(« -w-pcii. W. tlii
evenings.
TORONTO, March 12—Figures that
were shown to shareholders of the
Crow's Nest. Pass Coal company by
President Elias Rogers at the annual
meeting today makes it certain that
in July next the four per cent dividend
of this company will be resumed. The
result of the operations for 1909 shows
a net profit of ?145,029.29, despite the
fact that ,ten cents per ton was written off for depreciation.
This accounts for $89,904.05. Had
not each ton been pared this ten cts.
per ton the net profit would have been
increased by that amount. ^ '
Break Records
Production figures for the month of
January and February, 19,10, break all
previous records for this mine. During
January the output was-99,489 tons as
against' 58,718 tons for January," 1909,
and in .February'of this'year 95,977
tons as against 65,349 tons for February a year Ago,. Is the'output. -
Subsidiary   Cot^panies
Of  subsidiary  companies,, while .a
year ago the Morrissey, Fernie' and
Michel railway was operated at a loss
business for the first two months of
1910 offsets this loss and allows for
a profit thus far this year.   Although
in his address Mr. "Rogers made   no
promise that dividends would„be, resumed next July it is well understood
that.this will be done.   ',■      '7  -
-   -   Forty Billion Tons
In the course of his address after
congratulating the shareholders on the
=record~show!np--ma'deV-b"y=the=Gompany,.
Mr. Rogers'said tha. the government
estimate was that'the company had
40,000,000,000 tons .of coal in the land.
If that. figure^ was' reduced to 10,000,-
000,000 it■'would' allowi'the company,
operating 300 days a year, to produce
20,000 tons* per day-for 1500 years.-
The company stated that as fast as it
could be brought about the company
would get the mine on a 10,000 ton a
day production basis.
The president also.njade the statement that expenses for wages* had
been in the interests of economy, decreased $3,000 a month.' '
Secretary Young, who has been moved as secretary to Fernie, has resigned from the board. .*.  .'--
Agents of the Dominion Coal
, Co. of Cape Breton N. S., are
at work trying to induce mincers,of Wilkesbarre and other
.anthracite mine towns to   go
there and scab.   District   and
local   officers    should   exert
themselves to prevent   them
from securing    any men for
' such purpose.
A strike has been on in Nova Scotia and at these mines
since July 6 with every prospect of winning.
Don't go there and try to defeat your brothers who are
fighting for the right to organize and better conditions of
employment. -•*
Stay away. Due notice will
be , given in these columns
when the strike is won. Labor papers, please copy.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorized .$10,000,000
Capital Paid Up ..-.,.. .$5,000,000 , Reserve ..; $5,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,  Fernie,- Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit,
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
when Mr. Chamberlain Visited South
Africa, working costs were put at 31s
2d "per ton. The falling of the cost
has enabled the mines with low
grade ores to be worked at a profit.
Last year the Transvaal mines turned
out 30,925,000 pounds worth of gold,
or 34 per cent of the world's output
of gold.
None of the predictions'made when
Chinese labor was introduced .have
been fulfilled, and none of the prophecies made when the importation was
dropped .have come to pass.
BANK OF HAMILTON
The Opening and Maintaining of a
Sayings Bank Account is a duty that
everyone owes, both to themselves
and to those dependent oh them.
Tour Savings Account Solicited*
,       J. R LAWRY, AGENT
Fernie Branch
R.H. Marlow
GROCER & CONFECTIONER f
t
First Class Union Store carrying a Suitable Line of Xmas
Goods-. 7        " »
Two  South  African  Scrips    for
saie at usual price '■
North   Lethbridge, —Lethbridge
A
Saver
mw&mmm*B«m*»*w<a><&*&
LONDON, March. 12—Most of those
Labor members who hnvo been ln tho
house for more than a session are —
outwardly at least—quite indistinguishable from any of their brother legislators ln the older parties, They
learn tho rules of the game, they aro
ns courteous In debate, as pleasant In
Bpecch, nnd as a rule nt. least, as particular in dross as any othor mombor
of the house of commons.
Mr. Wardle, for Instance, who began
life at eight years as a half timer in
a Yorkshire factory, you may see n't-
tired' in n most correct frock cont;
while Ramsay McDonald, whose father was au agricultural laborer, Is as
smart nnd well groomed n mnn as you
could wish to see.
It la ono of tho oldest of tho Labor
men—nnmoly, Mr. Kler Hnnllo—who
remains a Philistine hv mattorB of
dress. It wns lie was first horrified
tho houso of commons by nppoarliiK
In Its precincts In a ileor-Htdiking cap,
nnd his utter disregard for conventionalities hns landed htm In somo odd
pIcklCB.
On ono occasion, when on his way
to roii. to somo book ln the houso
of commons'library ho wns stopped by
n pollcomnn.
"Say, mnte," said tho bobby, "whoro
nro you off too?"
"To work," replied lho M. P.
"Are you working hero, then,"
" "Yob."
"Whoro? On tho roof?"
"No," lnughod Hnrdlo, "on lho
floor."
Mr, Klor Hnrdlo wan, orlKlnnlly, 1*1
miner, heglnnlnB lifo nn a pit-boy In
"rhnrgo of ponlc-s. No fewer thnn 13
ox-mlnorn nnd pIMioyn wore cloptod nt
tho Inst Ronornl election In 1900. Kx-
minors woro notunlly Btrontfor Iln num-
horn thnn pit ownorn, for, nf tho Inttnr,
thoro woro only .ton returned to parliament.
The dally output of the mines at
Coal Creek and Michel on the 16th registered about 4800 tons. Average for
March to date Is about 4300 tons daily
and this despite the unfortunate weather conditions prevailing ln the early
part of tho month.
__ ' m*	
CHINESE DRIVEN OUT
TO CONTRACTORS
Benlfid tender-a markwl    "Tondor'
•will be r-fcc-rtved by lho undcrslRrit'd I Rand mlnos,
Celestial Diggers In the Rand Get the
Go-By—This Was* Promised
8ome Time Ago
JOHANNESBURG, March 15—Tho
repatriation of "tho Chinese has boon
completed, tho last butch of laborer**
having left for thoir homo today.
Tho Liberal government has now
complotcd tho fiilfllmont of ono of tho
plodgos given to tho country at tho
Gonornl oloctlon In 190C. It hns turned out of South Africa nil tho Cliinoso
which a Unionist Government brought
ovor to work the mlnos of tho Rand.
Chinese'labor wns ono of tho first
fruits of tho Boor wnr, nnd tho conditions under which (lib yollow mon
lived In a state of Hcml Hlavory nro
only too well known, Tho largost
numbor of CIiIiioho on tho Hand nt n
slnglo tlmo wns 53,850, nnd thoro woro
over 50,000 In tho Traiisvnnl whon tho
Tories wont Into offlco In ,1905. Licenses hnd, howovor, boon grunted for
tho entry of 10,000 moro, and 13,000
of Uioho hnd nctuiilly imtorod tho Colony; .    u
Tho Llbornl govornment at. onco
Rtopp-ed the Isquc of moro HconBos nnd
nti tho throo yonr rnnlrnclH nxplrod
tho mon woro got rid of and sent to
China.   -
At lust lho good work hns boon completed, nnd lho working, of tho milieu
la loft uh It wan before tho'war—to tho
whito mon and navvies,
Aa CoioliL-i anv'i), Dm U«uci _,.».»t,
tniy for the CMnnlrti, rfr-enUy -pnlnt-^rt
nut', the repatriation of tho Chlne«n
has boen accomplished by nn Increase
both In nnilvo labor und In thu number of whito men employed  In  the
New Michel Store 24x50
with outbuildings and
Cottage.   Apply to
I
New Michel
J. T. ARMSTRONG
Is an appropriate name for the
quick action - style of- HOT
~BOTTLE
"WATER==BOTTEE7~^we~^eUT
Ready the minute - the water is
hot, acts more promptly than
„any medicine, and so often really
saves life before the doctor can
reach you. Several sizes and
styles and all prices.
. -Hv.r.v*rtv^t'■*-", -—etvtlr-fwii
A.    W.   BLEASDELL
The Leading Druggist
THE GRAND THEATRE, FERNIE
One Week
Commencing   Monday
Evening,   March   21st
Miss Belle Stevenson
supporting
The Summers Stock Co.
In a fine line of the latest successes
Special Train for Coal Creek
Monday, Thursday and Saturday at 11 p.m.
Prices: 75c, 50c.   Children 25c
Matinee Saturday at 2:30
East Kootenay Realty Co.
Johnston^Falconer Block
Employment Office in Connection Phone 65
,up to tho «3rd of March, liMO Jit* 12
o'clock noon for tho novonal trndoH required In tho erection and completion
of a bank and offico building nt Fornio, n. C, for-Tho Homo Hank of Canada.
Piling and -specification* may bo
soon and nil Information obtained itt
tho office of the Homo Hank of Canada, Kt-ruU". h1m> ut Dlxi oitWv ot Dw
»rchltw;t, Goorgo W. Goulnlock, Tern-
pio IJulldlng. Toronto.
Tho lowest or any tondw not nccr«-
,««rlly accepted.
John Adair
Manager tho Home Hank of Canada
. ei-nlft H. L\
Tlio iiiimncr nl wnm-ft «iia*{ilfi>co *in
1004 was 12,411; In Jnnunry 1007 It
wan I7,1f'8; In Septonibor 1009 lt wim
21.305. Tho numbor of natives omployod In tho gold mlnos of tho Wit-
wntorurand In May 1004 wan 70.608;
In January 1907 It wan 04,221; and In
S-'lit-'mW \W.t. It •■*.•.■,'**■.ICC.OC-j,
ThU Ih a sufficient answer to thost>
whu isalil thai white Inhor would dim
Inlnli If tlio ClilnosH Here sont away.
Nor has Uio repatriation of tho Chi-
nt-SPilecronsod tho profits of the mlno.
Working; costs havo d-icrcosed, whilo
tin- output of Bold hus Increased. Thoy
havo dropped to lTn Id p-f-r ton, or
\\<\. \wr ton lit** tU»' lu 130_ In \W.\
C. E. LYONS i JO MAKE MONEY j
Real Bstate Insurance | InVCSt in Western Canada |
Fire
Life
Accident
Plate Glass
i1
I can offer you exceptionally
good values in Vancouver, Calgary and Lethbridge. Call and
investigate for yourself
Fernie    P. 0, Box 31  I Henderson Block Up Stairs      Phone 54
wmrmmn^m -r_£ DISTRICT LEDGER, FERWIE,   B. C. MARCH 19 1910
Upper Silesia Coal Mines
Area of Coal Basin
125 Miles by 46
Machinery, Methods of Mining, Timbering*,
Etc., Adapted to Local Conditjons—Foreign
Labor—Coal Seams Fairly Well Developed
Strength  of Mine
" Roof Materials
{By Frank Haas; read before the
West Virginia Coal Mining Institute,
under Ibe title "Observations In Coal
Mines of Europe.")
A European trip for an American
eagineer is made up oF disappoint*
mems and surprises. One usually
forms his impressions ot foreign operations by conversation ^Ith persona
familiar with thetn or by descriptive
readings. In this country we are familiar with the common style ot expressions used in our technical journals and are fairly Informed and know
about what to expect when a visit la
made oa the ground. Foreign technical writers as a rule devote themselves
more to detail descriptions than to
generalities, and I must say, are more
careful of what they say. and allow
the subject, rather than the description, to govern the importance of tbe
Methodical   in  everything,  in   temperament,  in  customs,  in  manner of
living—it alse creeps into their method of work and  style of expression, j
and it requires a knowledge of   these
peculiarities before one is capable of
judging their worlc     Some of   thei'
methods,  which seemed so radicallj
wrong at first sight, became more rea
sonable after continued  observations
and thereby delayed the passing
judgment.     We must confess that the
Europeans know their business,
wben all conditions are taken lot,
sideration there is really no comparison possible between our methods and'
those found abroad.
A _Jning operation in I
looked on more or less as a perpetual!
proposition, while in this country the
life of a plant is tie first item for consideration, and in this we find a partial explanation for tbe apparently extravagant expenditures in plant equip-:
ment so noticeable in all parts of Bur-j
In Germany we find the most varied
formations and conditions and perhaps
tbe best, in our opinion, of operation, j
Germany was comparatively fortunate!
dnriug tbe age of carboniferous formation-     Probably a large part of her
area was favorable to the formation of
coal during the geological ages when
this was possible. Unfortunately however, she was subjected to violent contortions, either at the end or    even
previous to the end, of the carboniferous agR by which  the stratifications
were not only badly contorted,    but
broken ami faulted quite severely. Not
■satisfied with this, nature saw Ht to
erode, by glaciers or otherwise, large
ai-oas of tbe broken strata. leaving but
small isolated basins of the once large
if not continuous, areas, which at one
time  must have  existed.      As  if to
hide her work of destruction she deposited a subsequent formation of Tertiary  time,  spreading  over  the  vast
region and tovering the     remaining
areas of productive    coal    measures
with   loose  and  almost     unstratifled
measures of conglomerate sands and
Drift mining, therefore, is practically
unknown in Germany and shafting ex-]
tends from 1.000 to 3,000 feet through
quicksands" and loose materials, presenting the first if not the most dif
ficult feature of German coal mining
as compared to our own.
The coal fields of Germany are
tributed over many isolated areas, but
they are grouped into three important
districts:   Upper Silesia.    Westphalia,
er the whole of Europe with
appropriate in length to an
of this kind Is manifestly im-
so I have chosen one of the
principal districts of Germany (Upper
ilesla.l and will devote my comments
i this alone.
The Upper Silesia field Is a basin of
ml about 125 miles long and 46 miles'
ide.   It is In tbe
it part of Germany, in fact extends
to Russia and Austria, and the coal
■ea is practically divided into three
[Uol parts by the frontier lines of the
three empires.     The basin, having its
maximum length northwest to south-
has an Inclination In Upper Sfl-
of. about S per cent to the south-
The coal seams are comparatively well developed and consistent.
There are four principal seams on" the
stern  margin  running from 4 feet
30 feet thick.     As they approach
•  eastern  margin  It  appears  that
■se four principal seams are united
o two seams, and in Russia, where
ibis occurs the seams run as high
40  feet  in    thickness.      Tbe  lower
seam.in Upper Silesia is somewb&t of
a coking coal and used to some e__nt
as  such.      As  a  rule,  however,  the
coals  are  simply  high-volatile  coals,
and of rather Indifferent Quality.
The coal area of Upper Silesia Is
grouped   together  into  about  twelve
large holdings, of which the Kingdom
of Prussia is one.of the most.import-
ant.     It ia in this field'that Germany
had Its first large explosion in a mine
that was considered to he free from
gas.     This occurred at the Konigen
Louisa ..colliery, one of the Prussian
state mines, several years ago, and it
started the vigorous agitation against
dust as an explosive agent in mines,
which is now at its height, not only!
in German, hut throughout Europe.      I
The coal seams, which are fairly re-1
gular in thickness and inclination
<£)nsiderably  shattered   by   displace-
ent faults, but not nearly so mueh
; in the Westphalia field.
One of the largest operations in the
field is located near the town of Kat-
and Is known as the Cleophas
mine.     All connected works are
sidered as one mine and this partico*-
lar group of mines has six shafts of
which three are used for hoisting. The
deepest 3haft has five levels—at 413,
513, 1108, 147G and 1632 feet, respectively.      The  shafts  are  elliptical' in
shape, have solid masonry down ta the
solid rock,  which  is encountered  at
various depths from 200 to SOO feet.
The mine operates In
Upper Cleophas, 11.5 feet thick;
Middle Cleophas, 4.3 feet thick;
Lower Cleophas, 6.5 feet  thick,  and
the Gahart seam 24.6 feet thick; these
constituting the upper measures, while
the Heltzman seam, G feet
thick, and the Sattel seam 14.4 reel
thick, are of the lower measures. We
ave here  in  one  area 68.4  feet of
orkable  coal  or  fn  ronnd  numbers
9,000 tons of coal:to the acre, a quantity hardly approached by any region
in the soft coals of our Appalachian
field.      The coai is uniform in char-
extremely hard, mines in large
lamps, and would be known in
country as splint coal.
The outside improvements of a (
man coal  mine  certainly  present
impressive appearance, brick masonry1
and steel construction throughout with
presumably artistic designs in all the
[ revolting to the prin
cipal of economy
with a brick wall
with iron gates i
the  other
irst cost. Starting
ie 8 feet in height
arions entrances,
of  the
head frame, always a conspicuous ob-i
ject In the community. In general design these head frames are similar to
those of our country, more substantial-
Iy built, however, hy greater weight of
steel and broader foundations,
headsbeaves are placed in a vertical
plane rather than parallel. The power
houses are very substantially built
structures, roomy, handsomely finished Inside and scrupulously clean. The
:ipple and screening house
large area and Is filled with ;
southeast- ] macninery. chutes, shaking, knocking
and revolving screens with washerles
and .picking tables closely packed together and attended by over 100 employes. It is to be remarked tbat the
Germans pride themselves .on their
coal preparation- We grant them
this virtue, but practiced to excess In
ajjds cost without value In proportion.
This fact is admitted, but their claim
is" that they are in the hands of the
heartless consumer, who threatens on
little provocation the importation of
the better English coat The bath
house commands attention as one of
the principal features of surface equipment. This is a large structure div- j
ided into two chambers. On one side
are shower baths and on the other i
side, the larger chamber with very]
high celling, tbe dressing root)
storage room for the clothes,
clothes instead of being put in lockers
fastened by books to a chain
: to the celling on a puHey. A
; given a key and when the clothes
all hung on the hook he draws
them up to the ceiling and locks the
chain to the side of the room- These
bath rooms accommodate as high as
1000 men, and a shift or 500 m
practically be accommodated i
ime. Separate bath houses a
ided for boys and women each. The
company maintains in a very comfortably equipped building a Mndergar-
for the 'children ot the miners,
which was at the time of my Visit
some 300 children- Teachers and nurses are provided and free
milk is distributed, not only
kindergarten, hut also to the miners-
houses for children on request,
laundry is also maintained where the
women of the community can bring;
their washing and avail themselves of
hot water, drying rooms, and mechanical ironing devices, operated without
charge to the miners by an
of the company. Play grounds are
provided for children and parks for
men. Company houses are built as
flats, fine construction with, glazed
brick and ornamental fronts. Very
extensive rescue-apparatus stations
-ire Maintained. At the Cleophas colliery 18 sets of Draeger apparatus, together with other appliances, are kept
ready for service at a minute's notice.
This station is supposed to serve for
three shafts, or about 4000 men.
The labor In this part of Germany is
as nearly foreign as we And it In bur
country. . Poles and Slavs predominate, with ;Hungarians. Syrians and
few Italians. A large part of the labor
es not speak German, but e
supposed by law to understand it.
This latter is largely a matter of oplri-
and consequently the actual
ditions are very similar tp our
Women.are extensively employed, but
only on the surface, the age limit
The miners, as a rule, a
devout Catholics and holidays are f
as with our mlnew a;
the confusion resulting from it is about!
The women who work oh the" tipples
are of a strong and healthy type and
are apparently satisfied with their
work.' During the ye&r 1907 the labor
was distributed as follows:
[tdnnd miners, 52.1 percent <
Total i-abor: S6 cents per day.
Other   underground  workmen,  15.
of total labor, 90 cents pi
Wfaen yoa see this Trade Mark on any Medicinal or Toilet
Preparation you purchase.it is an assurance to you that every ingredient entering into that preparation is of the highest quality that
money can procure. What is even more important, it is an assurance that these ingredients have been compounded, according to
the best form__ known, by expert chemists of long experience, in
the employ of one of tbe largest wholesale drug firms in the world,
the National Drug and Chemical Company of Canada.
As you have probably noticed, "NA-DRU-CO" is made up of
the first parts of the words "National Drug Company". It is pronounced "NA-DBOO-KO", -with the accent on the second syllable.
Being aware of the extensive use in Canada of simple household remedies and toilet preparations, we felt certain that Canadians would welcome aline of these goods, sold under a distinctive
trade mark, that they could be sure were not only of the highest
standard and guaranteed purity, but were compounded by expert
chemists, from fonnulse that bad been well tried out.
What the Laws Say
For the protection of the public the
law of each Province in Canada states
that only thoroughly qualified men are
allowed to dispense _ prescriptions—
these men being physicians or graduates
of recognized Colleges of Pharmacy.
Therefore if a doctor gives you a prescription the laws oi Canada require
that it be dispensed by a duly qualified
druggist and not by a man ignorant of
the action. at drags.'
The logical conclusion _ tbat as the
laws are made by the representatives of
the people, the people want protection,
and should welcome the opportunity
of being able to procure in any part of
Canada medicinal and toilet preparations compounded by expert chemists
and guaranteed by a firm of enr stand-
Tie (tacit "fist aid'
iiZa<B-Bufcfo*
Mom. It a ant	
-kills the potfc* ia
may-wound. Itetuafct
wr woxini. at .akin
fajjury,    or   di_e_s«
~ ■fflltpOtMO-gCTnUtt
ait -which are -j.
w*T3 ready to eater a,
tote, place anet set -up
■pofcoBtne aad p_t«fao
tfve chmge. Iomed-
iatdy they cater Zata-
Buk they are _ut«ntfy kfifedJ
T5_ife eerUinmgwiieatilo]
Zata-Bak wc thui ptoueSng]
yott against external -4*necn.
the rich Ij_e__2 licffcal caea-.
eea&itae balm pt«toate the
tteu^rttetjlaUtlieeeflj, aad!
War abo«t peffect faealfo*.'
No&*? like itt Watch it
naaadT, I h»™ _ad. It for an*, ant*, ud
Tjtrfoopikh ill——, nil tin rmiiiil 11 m*
ataetlVaniK bntn eta*. E »m_ not b»
Mthootk box vtZ*m-Buk:tn tha lis ma in om
ataamgracr. aadl Taoonmuuid ih nothan te
"•an a- lire &u3r-"
Mra-K._XaT7i<rfH«eka«t-«Co.a.HA,»iC
—"Eexaaa tank* cot _tt tauDr BaSSdnir
BaWaaara.BDd.-lantftotiaalaBat.BBtmm
■odwma. I-maadVfBdtstrrZam-Bofc.. Jt
Prarad tOWtata. Ut. flm, ud ia a -rati
■tort t_»Itcuj»dtt. wan *--  -
- ■q-Mtflyi«_ for —X i_* h
Wh.Mh, _<>. dntfiMa aad i
When you see the NA-DRU-CO
Trade Marie you have this opportunity
and the guarantee for which you are
looking.
Source of the HA-DIHJ-CO
Formulae
If we put tills Trade Mart on one article only and proceeded to advertise
it, plain comraou'sense would tell us
that we must mate that article good
or we would lose out—for people will
not keep on buying unreliable goods.
Multiply that necessity 1or quality
by over one hundred and yon have our
position. On the quality of each NA-
DRU-CO article is stated not only our
investment in that article and our hope
of trade in it, but onr investment and
our hope of trade in the whole NA-
DRU-CO line.
We tnow that the quality of the first
NA-DRU-CO preparation you buy will
practically decide whether you become
a regular user of NA-DRU-CO articles
or not—and for that trial you may select any ese of the 125 preparations.
We welcome this because each article
U fit to uphold the reputation of all.
The Third Guarantee
of NA-DRU-CO quality is the fact tuat
NA-DRU-CO preparations are never,
at any time or in any place, sold at cut
_.     « _     t   _ j  **..-     ■   i        HA-DRTf-CO   preparations   are   io
lie Nabraid Drug and Cbenucal    ma(J]  ^^^  [han %.   pKp¥a&„a
'""""* snrafla.   t-imitmi    =■*-    wj,ose prices are cut .that discerning peo
ple prefer to pay lull prices for the NA-
DRU-CO goods, because they have
the guarantee that every NA-DRU-CO
article is compounded by expert chemists from the very best ingredients..
The Fourth Guarantee
of NA-DRU-CO quality is short and
very much to the point. If after trying any article bearing the NA-DRU-
CO Trade Mart you are not entirely
satisfied, return it to the druggist from
whom you bought it aiid he will hand
hade your money. He will do it willingly, tbo, because we guarantee to
stand tbe loss and return to him every
cent he gives bact to you.
NA-DRU-CO Preparations
Hot "Cure-Alls**'
There is nc NA-DRU-CO prepara-
t__ that will cure everything, and we
don't ask you to Believe that there is
But there is a separate NA-DRU-CO
remedy for each common ailment—a
remedy that will command the confidence ot the public
Consult Your Physician
NA-DRU-CO medicinal preparations
are not intended to tale the place of your
physician's prescriptions—far from it.
      .      When yon are ill you need the phyat-
wholesale branches in the  principal    Clan's skilful diagnosis and treatment,
distributing centres is Canada s» tbat     and it would be folly to depend on y__
you can at all times satisfy yourself    own   diagnosis   and   any  household
that there _ such a. ntm.  We are the    remedy,
largest buyers cf drugs and do tbe        But'in emergencies w&eh you cannot
         .. traditions of 21 of the
principal wholesale  Drug Bouses in
Canada, from Halifax to Vancouver. .
All of these firms had long and successful careers, some of them fifty to
One hundred yean, and during their
existence they had accumulated a
splendid lot of forainlz which all became the property of the " National."
After giving these formul_ careful study and practical tests for several years
we have now brought out, basal on
them, the NA-DRU-CO line of about
125 medicinal and toilet preparations.
All the ingredients in these preparations.
are the best and purest that money can
buy, and they are compounded by a
staff of expert chemists, each of whom
rants high in bis profession.
We have such implicit confidence in
NA-DRU-CO Preparations that we
offer them with
A Four-Fold Guarantee
The First Guarantee
is the firm behind the NA-DRU-CO
Trade Mart.
The National Drug and Chemical
Company of Canada, Limited, is one of
the largest wholesale drug firms in the
world, having a Paid-up Capital of
over Five Million Dollars.   We hi
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Esch-mg**, Proprietor
New and up-to-date-
Handsome  Cafe Attached'
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Queen's Hotel
RESTAURANT
Under New Management
Excellent   Table and
all white help
Additional  Table for
38 More Men
Pollock Wine Co. Ltd
Phone 79 Baker Ave. P.O. Box 2CE
Wholesnle Importers and Exporters
of Wlnea, Brandies, Cordl_-j.,S_rei-ni
and Domestic Whiskies tnd Gtns.
Large stock ot Fernet Branca, Italian,
Hungarian and German Wines, also
Norwegian Punch and Aquavit. Beer,
Porter, Ale and Cigars.
Agents for Waukesha Arcadian Water. Schlltz Beer and the famous Elk
Valley Brewing Co. Ltd. Beer, draugh;
and bottled.
Special attention given to famil/
trade.
r Motto:  Pure good* and    quicK
delivery.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER  GO.
A; McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds ofRough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Overground men,  235  per cent of
total labor, per day T2 ceci
O-vergronnd boys, 4.1 per
J labor: 28 cents per day.
Overground women, 5.2-per cent ol
total labor. 30 cents per day.
Hoisting engines, which E
pound, have conical drums.
000 horsepower they make one lilt of!
1673 feet in 45 seconds. On each trip
six mine cars bronght up in three
tlcal compartments of _ie cage. Each|
compartment of the cage bas two mine
cat* in tandem. The landings of the
cages are such that all nf the loads
taken off together and empties put
this arrangement is both at the
top and bottom of the shaft. About
1-2 minute is consumed in taking o_
the empties and patting on.six loaded
The mine cars are of steel construe tion with ao loose end and can
consequently be made tight with no
leakage of dust, which by the way. ia
considered by the Germans as.a.very
Important matter. The mine cars
are of light construction, - narrow
gauge and contain about .6 or a ton.
of snch small size as this at a
Drat sight does not look right, espocial-
the limit of the output of the
mine Is fixed by the capacity of .a hoist
bnt after taking .into \cdnsIderaUtm all
the advantages of a smart car and par-l
ticnlarly the. underground, conditions
which exist, they are. after';ali, the
beat practice, at least so accepted by
all the mines. of Germany. ^ Oa' the
surface they are readily manoettrered I
in aC directions on steel piales .witfe-
TmtT tracks,'usually by wome_7 The]
cars, are dumped ih revolving tipples^
fom- or more In number-for each shaft
the coal passing to the various shaking; knocking and revolving screens
ry for the six sizes which are
commonly made end then tb picking
tables, where each e_ev excegt thej
smallest, is--scrutinized fbr fippiiritl-
hy six to eight persons, nnutlly wo-l
of about nine hundred people and distribute in salaries, dividends and other
expenses over Cae HHIion Dollars annually. We carry a stbc_ distributed
among "our Branches of about Two
Million Dollars, and in addition we own
real estate and buildings which are
to-day worth about Five Hundred
Thousand   Dollars, and   other   large
All this stands as a guarantee behind
each package bearing the _ A-DRTJ-CO
Trade Mark.
The Second 6i___otee
of NA-DRU-CO quality _ the NA-
DRU-CO Trade Mark itsdf.
question, we are. .
yonr physician or y»t_ druggist, on
request, a list of the ingredients in any
HA-DRU-CO preparation. Ask then
nun, who are men of standing in your
. community, and in whom yon ^lace
implicit confidence, all about rTA-DRO-
cular NA-DRlT-CO preparation" you
ask for in stock, be can get it for yoa
within two days from our nearest
wholesale branch.
Write fat the loro ITA-DRTJ-CO Almanac, giving a
articles and prices, with ether useful information. Address
Alrettbnng Depar__nt, 34 St, Gabriel Street, HentreaL"
National Drug & Chemical Company
of Canada, Limited
men and boys, the empty coal
finding their way back to their proper
deck elevation of the shaft by elevating chains and gravity track.
The smallest size of coal is mostly
the power plant of the
hlch at this particular. mine
consisted of 7000 horsepower.
The power distribution about the
line fs .mostly electrical. Starting
with high tension 3000-roIt generators
In large units, rarely less than ' """'
horsepower, it Is transformed inside
the mine to tow-tension direct
for electric light.' but whereve
hie It is used as alternating current.
Motors are used for fans, pumps and
haulage engines Inside.     Steam turb-
ensines have been need
number of years and are successful
and satisfactory in every respecL
Thla mine has probably the largest
pumping capacity of any mine In Germany. One steam pump with 1.65C
delivers S.989 gallons per minute:
a five-stage, electric centrifugal pump
delivers 2.640 gallons tbe same height
while an additional electric.unit bf 2,-
G40 gallons per minute Is being. Installed, which gives a total ot practically
9000 gallons of wster-'wlth a. lift of v
650 feet.
The Cleophas mine Is free from, gas,
. wet throughout, with no visible
dost; the hallways a _i however, watered each day. ..The seams are very
regards thickness.. but
displacement faults are very
This givea the maps a. very ragged appearance. .Maps as a rule are
very-gqpd »^S?t_I>rpdncei m.
small scale flier do not "howl
much detail and It leads one
that surveys aresnot made with the;!
I completeness as'Is
done to. the best practice in this coun
ty-"-   ... .
The shaft Is driven down, through aB
ie seams.     Wherever It" qrbsrea" oi
seam a level Is nut on the strike of
the ccaL     Other levels are also mn'
until they intersect other seams.. The levels in each
scam are SOO to 600 "feet apart, . and
these are considered the main haul-
ways. The levels are all connected
by secondary haulage roads, driven In
the coal and against the maxti
about 300 feet apart, and from these
secondary baulways room entries
and the rooms    worked   from
these against the rise of-the local,
ually to.tbe. fun height ot the seam.
Thu rooms are 20 feet wide and' 40
feet centres. The upper rooms are
worked to the gob. While this is tbe
prevailing method It Is alluded to as
the old method. - It has heen found
tbat It is dangerous to the workmen,
who work mostly with ladders, and also results in a loss of from 40 to 50
per cent of the coal, due to the fact
that .ths pillars cannot be' recovered.
The more recent method, which In out-
liije and detail Is. much the same as
UlB old, differs In that when a': room
Is-'drtYett the void so formed Is filled
completely with a mixture of sand and
ashes.: The sand and flushing material which Js transported by water fs
introduced from an upper level. The
room at the lower level, being closed
In the meantime by .a.-loose,, doable,
wooden partitfoq, with the space between filled* with manure.- ,*- This, is
for. the purpose of holding -the solid
material and allowing the water to
-ijdrain off. The material packs -very
rfSoildly and when, the room is comjdfte-
;ly filled lhe extraction of the adjoining
P_!ar is.begnnat.tliejjottora and the
is shifted from the pillar to th? pack
material. ..* The latter; becomes vary
hard as soon as It takes the weight,
so much bo that It is necessary to
shoot it with dynamite when the removal of .some of It becomes necessary. As soon aa Jthe pillar coal fs
taken out, this voraris also filled with
"Bergveriati," as the gobbing material
Is called,     lh thla way complete ex-
Central Hotel
MILLS & ESOHWIG, Props.
A Hosley, Dining Room Proprietor
Best Table
Evsrp_ing Sew a_£Cp-to-dBte
WoF__graen's   Trade   Solicited
traction of a certain area Is made possible and further prevents any. considerable subsidence of the surface,
which otherwise would he Inevitable
when, several such large seams are extracted.
Another feature peculiar to this, region, aud remarkable- to us, Is a tendency to spontaneous combustion of
the solid coal when exposed to
ventilating current In fact, it Is n
than a tendency, rather the rule, for
a pillar of coal to are if not promptly
removed or cut from the ventilating
system. It has been found that'the
flushing system has been by far the
effective preventive to this danger yet discovered.
To satisfy myself on this and other
points by personal observation -I had
nter one of these chamb-
while in the process of filling. The
m had probably been half filled'np
with sand, with practically fresh pillar
each sfde.      In spite of the
water and  sand  entering rapidly itt
normal temperature of the outside
the temperature fn" the room
nncomrortably hot, indicating that the
rocess of oxidation had progressed
considerable degree on the adjoining
Olars and required prompt action to
prevent its" Ignition. .'  SMH more   remarkable is-the faet that after this
coal, has been mined and thoroughly
aerated by the screening process
loses this malicious tendency to i;
tion, even though stocked and stored I
in huge piles for. long intervals.
For reasons just stated, it would be
advisable to hold the volume of ventil-
to a minimum, and. this Is done
certain extent. The result is,
however an.atmosphere more or less
foul and this, with a comparatively
high temperature, makes the" working
conditions more or less disagreeable. It
Is fortunate Indeed, that no gas Is en-
ountered, for while coal liable to spontaneous tiring and explosive gases conditions would arise that would appear
almost hopeless.
adjoining mine at tbe Ferdinand shaft still another method Is employed In. the recovery of coal of the
thick seam. This consists In taking
the lower bench of coal, say 6 ori
T feet, flushing this space* full of sand
then using this as the bottom, working
1 area with another bench
of coal and continuing this three or
four times, depending on the height o"
the seam, and finally takjne out the
idjolntog pillar In the same way. The
advantages claimed for this are more
safety to miners, who otherwise would
I have to work.on* ladders, and also some
economy In .timber. It was stated that
putting the posts with, butt end upward they could be drawn but of the
sand and ;uied" agaln-in* the bench
work above: The claim of auch recovery Is not, however,' largely substantiated, and .it appears very doubt-,
fiil."whether much economy could, he
this. The difficulties ot!
this system are evident at once In the
various Sevfltlons of tl_- bench, ne-
qt-irlng considerable labor In construction of reads to get the coal t_t of the
The sptalj cars thaJr are _ied
'minimize* this expense/howerer.
The maiq hatdwaya.. even though
driven.In the'coal on tW'bottom of
the Beams, have brick aide walls with
steel croBSbparas..., In tne secondary
haulways there is also much steel used
tor croia timbering,.   The roam head-
ROYAL
HOTEL
fERHlB
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything               ,
Up-to-date
Call in and
*see us once
J0HI POOBIELJKCIK, Prop.
HOTEL FERNIE
'ths Hotel of Fertile
rue's Leading Commercial
add Tourist House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
KENNEDY & MANGAN      I
Lumber  Dealer
All kinds of rough a_& dressed liun _»
Victoria Ave. He_t_ Fcmlc
JOHN B.   WATSON."
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALGARY, ALTA.
DEPEW, MacDONALD
McLEAN CO., Ltd,
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND
~' CONTRACTORS
VICTORIA AVE.
Ings and rooms have enormous^
amounts of timbers. Posts In rooms'
sometimes 30 feet long, set 5 feet'
apart, with cross timbers at the top.
Very little of this timber Is recovered
and the cost of this timber alone -filth-
out the cost of putting It up _nbunt£
the equivalent pf 25 centa-per ton
of coal recovered. The Upper Silesia
field has the: moat favorable timber
supply of any in.' -Europe.- Considerable timber comes from her own area,
but a large part ia Imported from Hus-
Bla and Austria.7.' Germany; is well
advanced,;In; the practice of forestry.
Itia neither expected nor antici-
paW-that the cost of timber ia the
future will effect the'cost oEcoalvery.
considerably.
Forestry by the way, as practiced
la -Europe, would be a very profitable
and Interesting study to the-JMnerlcan
mining engineer; like many other;
things Its Importance Is not appreciated until ite_ practical; and. successful
application has been observed, or until
driven to it by dire necessity.—Mines
and Minerals. THE  DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. C.  MARCH 19 1910
PAGE SEVEfc
Pi
IV";       Wholesale Liquor Dealer   ,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
.. Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT.HOSMER,   B.C.
A complete line of samples of
Fall Suitings and
Overcoatings
Worsteds, Serges
cu&d Tweeds
Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
J. C. KENNY
Nowhere In'the Pass can be
found * -"■ t .-
SUCH A DISPLAY
We have, the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut. '
PHONE OR CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56
100 tons of good
Upland
Baled Hay
W. E. Barker, Cayley, Alta.
Fernie-Forl Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
UN ORRENDO DELITTO
7; (La Tribuna* Canadiaria.)
. II .Montgomery's" Hotel    di   ■ Parry
Sound, Ont., e stato teatro di un delit-
to coinmesso ivi la notte del 23 Feb-
ralo u. s.
Fra i viaggiatori e passeggleri. .che
avevano in quel giorno un ricco poss-
idente di Loring, OnWeduri altro for-
estiero che diede il nome' di Lewis
Young.. _
I due uomini fecero presto conoscen-
za ed il vecchib Davis communico alio
sconosciuto che egli si era recato a
Parry'Sound per afffiri importantle
che.portava con se una forte somma
di denaro. - *•
Giurita 1' ora di corlcarsl essi si las-
ciarbno augurandosl la buona notte e
si rltlrarono nelle proprie stanze, ma
un. poco plu tardi il 'Young fu veduto
scendere precipltosamente le scale,
con gli abitl imbrattatl dl sangue.
Al servl-yenne 11 sospetto che un de-
litto fosse stato consumato, e, recatlsi
nella stanza di Davis, lo travarono in-
fatti cadavere.
II poveretto era stato ucciso a colpl
dl bottiglla ricevutl sulla testa.
Altre persone intanto si erano date
-.alia caccia dl LewisOfoung, a rlusclr-
ono catturarlo poco plu tardi, ma nelle
sue tasche non fu ritrovato danaro.
LIQUORI PER GLI OPERAI ANZICHE
COMMESTIBILI
La polizia.di Cobalt, Ont., ha sequestrate alia stazioneKdeI whiskey, vino
ed acquavite per un valore di circa' 2
mlla dollari, spedito a nove italiani,
proprietari di rivendlte -di commesti-
bill.      , ,-,' .,''';-
I pbliziotti erano stati informatl da
Montreal, ed infatti si recarono ad at-
tendere il treno-merci.   -
Veiinero trovati dieci banli da farina
pieni di whiskey, una botte grande.di'
vino italiano ed un' altra plu piccola
con 21 casse di altri liquori. „•
Tutta quella bevanda era stata sped-
ita come commestibili,
. Nelle miniere di Cobalt lavorano
molti operai italiani, e dicesl che i riven_itori di!.. "commestibili" facessero
dei buoni affari.    ,*
BRIGADIERE Dl    CARABINIERI UC*
CISO DA PREGIUDICATI     '
bubna, opportunta—diremo di piu—ne-
cessaria. Quella di porre un termine
agl.i scioperi di simpatia, o'almeno di
limitarll per modo da non potere avve-
nire se non. in casi determinati, ben
ponderati, e dl estrema necessita per
la tutela ed il trionfo dei dlritti e degli
interessi -del proletariate organizzato.
La prima mossa e. stata fatta dal Di-
partimento delle Uhioni concernentl i
iavori edilizl, aggregatb alia Federaz-
ione Operala Americana. . Circolari
sonb state inviate a. tutte le Union affiliate con istruzioni precise e cate-
goriche.
Le Istruzioni dicono che gli scioperi
dl simpatia non plu ammessi dalla
Federazibne, se non quando essi siano
ordinatl, ,o approvati dalla Union
Interniztonale alia quale apparteng-
ono i sodilizi che intendono dl fare
simlli scioperi; ed agglungono che le
organizzazioni le quali da ora in avanti
violeranno queste nuove discipline in-
correranno nelle penallta stabillte dag-
11 Statiiti della Federazlone. Fra queste
penallta e compresa altresi la radia-
zibne della Unlone dlsobbediente dalla
Federazione medeslma.
Questa decislone. del Dipartimento
dei Iavori edilizl, della American Federation of Labor, ha avuto origine dalla
intenzlone manifestata dalla Building
Trades Union di New York, dl volere
lasciare i Iavori in simpatia. ed appog-
gio degll scloperanti "steamfltters," os-
sia degll operai. addetti al Iavori per la
condottura. del vapore.
Per do! raggiungere un possibile ac-
cordo fra quest! scloperanti e la padrone ditte costruttici e giunto a New
York, da Washington, George Stevens,
lo statista della Federazione.
HORNICI A GENERALOVEI!
.  Catanzora. — II   brigadlere   Sorci,
coroandahte lastazione del carabinieri
<li"Mesuraca, e stato ucciso da un pre--"
giudla'to ed un altro"carabiniere si.e
potuto salvare per miracblo.
In Mesuraca, piccolo paese della pro-
yincia, e la famigia Mangbne, compos-
ta quasi tutta dl pregiudicati. .Contro,
uno dl essi, Larise di anni 21 esisteva
un-mandate-' dl catturaperporto'di col-
tello.
II brigadlere Sorci Giuseppe; nativo
di Musumell, in provincia dl Caltanls-
Betta, da poco tempo ammo gliato, si
trovava da tre anni a Mesuraca. Ora
mentro egli era in servlio dl perlustra-
zlone col carabinlero Barco, si imbatto
nel Mangono e lo dlchiaro'iin arres-
to-    , ■    '   , , '
II Mangbne si diede alia fuga, rifug-
landosi nella propria casa, sempre In-
seguito dnl duo mllitl. Ma appena In
casa, 11 dellnquente spallegglato dalla
famlglla, prima ancora cho 1 enrab-
nlori avessero potuto valutaro la entlta
del poricolo che correvano; esplose un
colpo di rlvoltella contro il brigadlere
colpendola al cuore,
L'lnfolieo strnnmzzo a suolo.
; L'nltro carabinlero intnnto ora trat-
tonuto dal padro doll'ucclsoro o dagll
altri dolla fnmlglin, cho tontavnno dl
dlsarmarlo,
Ne segui una neennita colluttazlono
nella qualo 11 carabiniere Barco riporto
dollo foi-Ito alia mano destra dlchlarato
gunrlblll In qulndlcl glornl.
Rlusclto poro a svlncolarsl, 11 enrnb-
Inloi-o Impugno la rlvoltolla o lnsogul
padro e flgllo Mnngono, osplodondo
contro dl ossl un colpo cho an do a
vuoto. Ed al duo progludlcnti rlusci
facile la fugn.
Plu tardi vonlvnno trattl in nrrosto
tuttl 1 componentl la famlglla Mangono
mono 11 padro, tuttoro latltanto.
**************************
ROMA HOTEL
Dining Room,and Bedi under
New ManAgemcnt.
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.06
Cill—WIHH—   .l._ll.<ll_HI— _W>'|M«.I I   III        III I
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per day
K. Henoerton, Dining Konra Mrr.
NEL MONDO OPERAIO   '
Contro gll scioperi dl simpatia
13' comlnclatl una nuova propaganda,
.*-' Nenlto zadnym tajemstvlm, ze se v
Rakousku. merf dvojlm loktem a ze
"merenl", tykajlci se zajmu delnickych
resp, hornickych; deje se ponejyice me-
trem men'sim, ba tlm nejmensim. Sem
nalezl hlavne "niereni" doby pracovnj,
mzdy, -zaopotrenl* ve starij nemoce" a
neschopnosti k praci a j, vice mene
dulezitych potreb hospodarskych. del-
nlctva, ne,hlede'ani k potrebam vych-
ovnym, narodnostnim atd.'
Nerovne, primo krlklave zjevy ve
vsech, ,techto, delnickych" potrebach
denne se objevujiclch a delnictvo, cit-
elne'' poskozujicich jsou tohq patrnym
dokladem. ,''■'''
. Dnesni" doby, mlmo horniku a stat-
,nich__delnikii_a_zrizencu,neni_zadny_od=.
borCd-elnicky pbjlsten' pro pripad neschopnosti k praci anebo staroby.1 -Jake
pojistenl v prlpadu - neschopnosti k
praciv pozlvajl hornici, je vseobecne
zriamo. Jest to!'pouha almuzna, nes-
oucl, zer'nou pecef r humanitni-ho . 19,
stoletl.",     .'-  .:   i-.'i   ': ■'   ;.,       ;"'
Od tri let priprayuje 'se statni star-
bbnl pojlstovanl delnictva vubeo. Ja-
kou vyhodu z tohoto "pojlstovanl maji
ml(i hornici napsali jsme lonskeho ro-
ku.-.
Kamenem urazu tohoto projektu ale
je, ze starobni renta delnikova ma po-
cinati teprve po dosazeni 65, roku starl
a ktera bude vfee mene ncdostacltelna.
" Ve zcela jlnem "svetle* objevuje se
starobni ,pojlstenl cl pense u' statnlch
zrlzencu, zejmena u dustojnlctva v'oj-
ska.    Pri vsech tech skvelych zjovech
neustalo  so  dustojnlctvu sluzby zvet-
sujl a pense taktez.Nynl ma se gener-
alum snizltl sluzobnl doba„na 40 let.
Jinak recenb, volltolo vojonskych odd-
Uu nemajl dele slouzltl nez -10 lot a
jon za zvlastnich okolnostl mohou byti
vyjimky prlpustny,   Zasadne ale ma
trvatl jojloh sluzba 40 let, Kdyz so pri.
torn uvazl, zo sluzebni leta pocitajl se
genoralum od jlch vstoupenl do kndetni
skoly, ktero poclna pri vyvinutych ob-
joktochl, od dokonconi skolnlch lot 1
dalo, ze rok valecny cita so za dva, pak
takovy, do pense jdoucl genoral   jest
padosatnlkom a dlky jlch zamostnanl
tako pri silo zachovalym,   Takze tncl
poiiHlBto pri pomorno zlvotospravo mohou druhou imdesatku zcela* pri zdravl
a blahbbytu bozstarostno ztravltl, nob-
of VBlchnl duBtojnlcl, ktorl odchazojl
do ponso po ukonccnl '10 lote sluzby,
obdrzl ponsl vo vysl plntu, jaky moll
vo Rluzbo.     Ku pr, sotiilk po 401ete
sluzbo obdrzl ctyrltlslco korun   rocnl
ponRo,    Gonernlovo, ktorl moll 20—80
tlBlc korun sluzby, obdrzl ponso toz
tolik, co moll sluzby, po ulcoucenl -10-
loto sluzby,    Kdyz so uvazl zo bo hod-
nl a zachovall duBtojnlcl prod ponslon-
ovanim jeste povysuji do vyssich trid
a tu prirozene die toho I pense se jlm
vymeruje.zrime patrny rozdil mezi za-
opatrovanim ve stari dustojnictva a
mezi zaopatrovanlm ve stari delnikova
ktery mimo toho ma miti naroky na
rentu starobni az po uplynuti 65. roku
sveho, stari, coz znamena u horniku,
kteri od sveho 14. roku stari nastupuji
do prace, plnych 50 let prace, umorne,
namahave a vsestranne hebezpecne,
kdezto dustojnici majl svoji sluzbu dal-
eko snadnejsl, ztravenou pri porovanl
s hornictvem takrka v.rozkosi, radov-
ankach a zivotu plnem radosti a zabav,
ktere budou pokracovanlm v dobe jej-
ich vysluzby jeztp pense se jlm bude
udileti ve vysl platu, jakych pozlvali v
dobe aktivnl sluzby.
Jsou-li pozadavky dustojnictva V za-
opatrbvani v dobe Jejich odpoclnku
opravneny vzhledem.b, jlch zasluzne
cinnosti, tlm vice musejl se pozadavky
delnictva, resp. hornictva, za oprav-
nene povazovatl, nebof delnikova prace
neni toltko uzltecna pro veskerou spol-
ecnost lidskou, nybrz je i nevylinutel-
nbu potrebou, bez nlz by spolecnost
lldska nemohla existovati. . A povazi-
11 se pri torn na ruzna a* cetna nebez-
peci, jez prace delniku, zejmena nek-
terych. oboru prlnasl jak po strance
technicke, tak hyglenick'e, potom hlad-
ove mzdy a cetna nezavinena nez-
amestnanost, pak jest pozadavek zao-
patrovani ve stari delnictva, jlmz by
delnictvu bylo* poskytnuto tolik, aby
ve sve starobe nemuselo stradatii nebo
dokonce se choplti zebracke hole, vsestranne opodstatnen..     t -,-
Do dnesni doby se tak nedeje a die
projektovane vladni predlohy o deln!c-«
kern pojlstovanl nelze za to miti, ze by
se prani delnictva 'po toto strance
splnila, ackoliv jevlse toho potreba
nalehavejsl, nezli u vsech jinych sta-
vu. Prace jest za'dnesni doby nejhiuv-.
nejsim faktorem sveta. Nezavidime
nlkomu zlatych llmou ani vojenskych
titulii a hodnosti, ale jlsto je; ze kdyby
byl kazdy druhy clovek,, reknemej gen-
eralem a kazdy treba hejtmanem, bez
prace, muselo by yse zaniknouti a
zahynouti. Zlatymi liinci nikdo se nen-
asyti.
A PHILADELPHIE
Les Ouvriers de La Baldwin Locomotive  Works Ont Quitte  Le Travail, ou Nombre de Mille
POLITIQUE  ANGLAISE
La'Reforme De La Chambre Des
-/
Lords
PHILADELPHIE, 15 mars.—La jour-
nee d'heir a ete une des plus caimes
depuis le commencement du confllt.
Les ouvriers sont confiants dans Tissue de la greve et les chefs prechent
la; moderation qui leur conciliera la
sympathie de leurs concitoyens.
Les greves d§ sympathie sont a l'or-
dre du jour. On a recu hler la nou-
velle qu'a Newcastle, le chateau-fort
des adversalres de TUnlonlsme, 11 se
fait une,propagande atclve parmi les
ouvriers.
1000 employes de la Baldwin Locomotive Works Co., ont quitte l'ouvrage
hler. Or, cette compagnie n'emplole en
grande partlc que des non-unlonlstes.
Les chefs ouvriers sont enthouslastes
au sujet de la situation.
On redoute des troubles 6erleux a
mldi, les grevlste8 ayant decide de te-
nir une Immense assemblee au pare
de baseball; la police declare que tou-
te reunion- de ce genre est interdlte
et qu'elle Terapechera par la force si
e'est necessaire.
Quatre cents employes des usines de
Fort Edward, a Philadelphle, se met-
tront^en greve cet apres-midi a 4 heu-
res.
CRISE  MIIMISTER1_LLE
DANS  L'ALBERTA
LONDRES, 18 Mars,—Lundi proch-
ain^Aord^Roseuery^p reseu tera=un--pian=
de reforme comprenant* trois propositions et etabllssant le desiderata ,<les
Lords eux-memes, sur. la question des
changements - a effectuer dans' leurs
traditions seculaires.   ' ■.     .v_'     ___
Ce plan "a ete .elabore au cours d'une
entrevue que;lord Rosobery a eue avec
ses pairs,;   7* -. J. ■* •     • *■ ■'
Le.'premi^r article afflrmera la nc-
cesslte- de pdsseder une secdnde Chambre, forte, effective, pour le blen-etre
de l'Etati.mome,        , ■,'.'  r£ty   ,...,
Eu second lieu, le projet declare que
cctto Chambre peut etre etablle avant-
ageusement par la reformo et la reconstruction de la Chambre des Lords.
r ' ■ ,•; .
Le trolsleme, et dernier article dlra
que cbmme prellmlnalre ,aux changements a effectuer, 11 faut d'abord possession d'un tltro do Lord n'entraino
pas necesBairement le droit de sieger
et do volor a ln Chambre Haute.
Une Declaration de Joe Martin
Au cours de la discussion sur les es-
times do la marine, M Joseph Martin
a declare qu'un eourant. formidable se
formnlt au Canada, contro uno marine
do guerre, l'oplnlon publlque a'oppo-
sant a uno contribution pour la defense
do 1'Empiro, Bnchnnt que, si le, projet
ost vote, lo Canada so trouvora dorena-
vant, melo a toutes los querolles do
I'Angleterre,
Edmonton, Alberta 14 mars.—A la
suite de la demission du procureur general C. W.. Cross, annoncee hler, son
assistant,\M. Sidney Woods, depuhe
procureur-general, a aussl reslgne ses
fonctidns. "
M. Cushing a, ete appele a former
uu nouveau cabinet et la Chambre
s'est ajournee.jusqu e ce que le nouveau cabinet solt constitue.
Le ministre des "municlpalltes" W.
A. Buchanan, de Lethbridge, a suivi
son collegue. II dit que sa demission
a pour raison un different survenu en-
tre les membres du cabinet.et le pre-,
mier ministre Rutherford. Celui-ci a
eu hler apres-midi une entrevue avec'
M. Cushing, mals on doute que, celul-cl
revienne sur sa decision..     .,, ■:
,. On donne a le crise les causes sui-
yantes. „''
■ Un groupe de capitallstes Inconnus,
qui ne seraientpas des constructeurs
de chemins de fer, auraieht obtenu avec un billet escompte de $50,000 Tad-
judication par le gouvernement de 1'Alberta, d'un chemin de fer de 300 rallies de longueur. -     ,
Le montaut de leui* soumisslon etait
de $7,750,000.
L'hon. W.-H. Cushing-offrlt alors dc
construire uner>mellleure route pour
$12,000 du mille, soit nioins que la
moitie du cout de la concurrence, ou
de construire et d'equlper la route
pour $16,000 au mille, ce que sauvait
$2,000,000 stir le prlx d'abord cite.
Tel est le.fait "grosso modo." II n'a
pas ete ajoute ou retranche un mot. Le
peuple tlrera lul-meme ses conclusions.
Le premier Rutherford a declare
qu'll n'avalt rlen a dire, lorsque, quel-
ques moments avant l'ajouruement, M.
Bennett Iui demanda d'expllquer la position aux deputes et les changements
surprenants survenus" ces dernlers
jours.' >, -       ' '
La demission de Sydney-B, Woods
est confirmee. II est rumeur qu'll ,va
fnire partie d'un bureau d'avocats en
vllle.
On crolt que M. Cross sera presente
a son tour pour former le cabinet.
On fait de pressantes demarches au-
pres,de l'hon. Arthur Sifton afln de
l'amener a demlsslonner comme juge
en chef et de prendre la direction des
interets llberaux. Le parti est complement deroute par ces diffcrehtes
demissions.
On croit que M. Sifton acceptera de
mettre de l'ordre dans le chaos qui
regne au Parliement. .   .
Tous les Jlberaux l'accepteralent vo-
lontiers comme premier ministre. >-.   -
mental qui resulterait ■ d'une journee
molns longue.
LA JOURNEE  DE  HUIT  HEURES
GRAVE   INSULTE  A   UN   PREDICATED.
Hler soir a l'eglise S.-Jean de la
Croix, 2849 Esplanade, apres le priere
le pere Caramelo monta en chaire pour
precher le retraite preparatoire de
Paques aux Italiens cathollqucs du
nord de,la vllle qui etalent accorus en
grand nombre pour entendre leur
p'asteur. Le sermon etalt a peine commence que quelqu'un de vlve volx In-
terromplt le predlcateur. Le pere
Caramelo pnssa outre, mais aussltot
des interruptions vehementes et des
insultes s'eleverent de plusleurs cotes
a la fols. lw. pere voyant qu'on nvalt
organise une manifestation pour l'em-
pecher de parler, avertlt le cure de la
paroisse, le Rev. M: A.-J. Prefoutalne.
Ce dernier tjelephona irame-dlatement
au poste de p'pollce. L'arrlvee des agents de la paix, quelques instants plus
tard eu lo don de falre cesser les per-
tudbateurs. La, ceremonie se tormina
sans aucun autre incident.
A la porte, uno bande de vlngt a
vlngt-cinq Italiens attendlt armee de
gourdins, voir meme d'armes a feu, as-
sure-t-on; la sortie du pere Caramelo
qui fut oblige de se falre condulre chez
Iui sous l'escorte de la police;
■ Un ministre methodlte, Llbrio Lat-
tonl, 1210 S.-Urbain, qui rie seralt pas
etranger a cette manifestation, devra
se presenter* devant le'recorder le
mardl 15 eourant. Un bref de somma-
tion Iui ordonnant de comparaitre a
emis ce matin a la demando du cure
de S.Jean de la Croix.
Des Italiens sont tres pelnes des
insultes proferees cohtre leur* pasteur
et assurent que TIncIdent d'hler, e*t
l'oeuvre de vulgalre voyous.
Les chefs ouvriers de Montreal, MM
Gustave Francq, le - commissalre Joseph Ainey, A. Charest, F.-A. Dodeer,
D. Glroux, president du Conseil des
Metiers et du Travail et Ernest Te-
treau, *echevln, ont demande hler a
Mtre Charlemagne Rodier; de preparer une requete que Ton enverra a Ottawa,; pour prier les membres de la
Chambre d'adopte'r le projet de lol
Verville^ relativement"a la journee do
hult heures!'   .       ' ■
On allegue qu'un ouvrier travaillarit
huit heures, peut accbmpllr. autaht-.
de travail que l'homme' extenue par
une tache quotidienne de dix heures,
sans compter le blen-etre physique, et
amBuk
is the best* remedy
known/ for sunburn,
heat* rashes, eczema,
sore feet/, stings and
blisters.   A skin food!
All BruvW and Storei.-60(.
REQUESTS FOR THE
LA COMETE DE HALLEY
Elle Offrlra un Spectacle Ebloulooant
au Mols De Mai <
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk*******
'!
\
\ Fernie Dairy
!
FIIESH MJLJ^.
delivered'' to all
piirte of the town
ft»ndtr-c A Vtrhattt Orethtrt.
Proprietor*
I
List of Lc
,   (Corrected by Dia
>cals District 18
trict Socrotary up to March 7,  1010)
NO.
NAME
SEC. AND P. O. ADDRESS
29
" Iia*nkhond
T. Uradloy, Dnnkhond, Aha,
461
Hoftvor Crook,
J, C, McNoll, Doavor Cro»k, Altn.
4111
llollovuo
J, Durko, Dollfme, Frank, Alta,
21 UH
Hlnlrraoro
O. Kolly, Dlalrmoro, Alto,
1.187
Canmoro
Win, AiiROll, Canmoro, Altn,
09
Coal City
T. Itollly, Coal City, Tabor, Altn.
2033
Colomnn
W. Graham," Colomnn, Alto.
2227
Cnrbondalo  ,
P. Lonnon, Cnrbondalo, Colomnn, Alta.
no-wn
\.ii. ,*,.,
f       1.11.         ("1.  ,   I IOH        111 ,.
w.   **yttit,    11.IUI..,    J.tt*.
*?,70
Cnrdlff
V. K. fit, Airm-nt. Onrrtlff. AMtx.
2877
Corbin
A. Hnmllton, Corbin,' Ti, C.
2178
Diamond City
Pot Kolly, Diamond City, r^othbrldRO, Altn.
2C40
Kdmonton City,
C. F. Lnrrlor, 154 llollamy Bt. ICdmonton
1329
Edmonton        ,
Richard Thompson, Frnzor Flats, Edmonton
nm
WI trior* ton
N T«o11«*'*Tnv *?n*l >!nmtltnn St, F-d-mnntnn
nu
j,   Fornio
D. Reo», Fornio 1J7C.-
1263
Frank
G. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
2497
Hoamor
J. W Mori-la, Ilosmor, D. C.
1058
Hlllcroat
J, p. Jones, Hlllcrost, Alta,
R. •Bvann, Konmnro, N. D,
2860
Konmaro
r,74
I-otlibrldifo
hi Mooro,' P. O. 113; Lothbrldfjo, Alta
Vi'oa
Lillo
W, h. KvnnR, Lillo, Frank, Alta.
2820
Maple I^af,
F. ;Donnccl, Mnplo Loaf, Dollovuo, Alta.
UH
Michel
Chaa. Garner, Mlchol, U. U,
2352
'Paitburg
Oncar Carlaon, Pnniburg, Alta.
25S9
ftoyal ColllerI«i
Chaa. flmlth, Royal Coll., lethbridge, Alta.
2072
Roche Porcco
L. McQuarrlo, Roch Porcoo, Snak.
2155
Btrnthcona
A. Show, Strothconn, Alta,
102
Taber
Wm, RuaMcll, Tabor, Alta.
VV,.
TaUr
E. Btuwn, TnUur, Alta.
Taylorton
J. Rocho, Taylorton, 8aak.
CAMBRIDGE, Mobb„ 15 mnrfl'.—La
comclo qui dolt nous rondro vlulto
bluntot et, nu diro do certnlns, terminer In currlero du notro rondo machlno,
sera firlolo nu rendoz-voim lo 28 mal,
Dejn, on pout, lors'-no len circon-
Hlnnci'os sont favorable*-., lo dlstlnijuor n
I'liorizon, Lo mcilleur terapB pour coin,
est do Oh, 30 n 7 li, 30; ello nppnrnlt
nlors un pou nu-doRfuiH du point ou In
sololl so roucho.,
L'obsorvntolro Howard n pu, a l'nldo
d'un tolcscopo, on prondro do bulIoB
photograpliloH, bicn n-ultou.
lw dlroctour do cot otabllssommit,
ProfoRHour C. Plckorlnp, ilonno low ox-
pllcntlonH HUlvnntoH him* la mnrchn do
1'nBtro:
La comoto bo trouvc, pour lo moment, dans Iob re«loiiM borabix's du del,
dnns In llgno du flololl ot na clarto p«t
(llyilnuoo par 1'oclnt du grand astro,*
Lo 18 mal prochnln, olio attolndrn
hod maximum do clarto, Idlo Bora par-
faltomont visible pendant tout lo mols
d'uvrll, mals e'eut en mal qu'ollo brll-
lera lo mloux ot olio offrlra nlors uu
apt-clack- i-blouiSHHni,
Vuc i'jv'jjdt- inii'Dc dut' fid ui'iiMcru
lllumlnoo colorro pnr un veritable*
flnmboyom-nnt d'or, don ttorbon do fou
Benibloront ro jouor dnna 1'ospaco, tan-
tot d'un coto, tnntot do l'nutro ot let*
temoinn de co maRnlflquo Bpectacl*?
H'en souvlt'ndront loiiKit'iujus, '
. II n'CRt part otonnnnt quo, ditnn; lo
poRRo, lo poupln rc» Roll offrayo a
la vuo dn cos phonnmonoa qu'll no
pouvnlt B'oxpllqucr.
Pour cottti fols oncorc, loo aavantiJ
affirment en K*-'noral uuo la Comoto
H<«rn pfirfnlri'mi-nt linioffun«lvo, Qui
vlvra vorrn.
Lea Revolutionnairei Ruaaaa
8. P«torabourK, !*"> umra.—NIcholnH
TBChorlkovaky, accuse rt'otro un organ-
iHutt-ur du ino-m-oif'.'t't a-volutlonnaire
a otc a-ViUtA Madirti'** Rrcdhk-owalt
aya, ilontlo procoa avnlt ll-nu en tnem-9
tompii, a clo condatnio''1 a 1'ostU,
The first appearance of, our beautiful new Spring and
| Summer Catalogue is bringing an avalanche of requests upon
us. Had it appeared earlier it would not have been authoritative with regard to styles. It will show you the approved wearing apparel for 1910, as well as all the new novelties just
brought back from Europe by our army of buyers. Your address on a post-card will bring it to you free of charge,
THE
ROBERT
COMPANY
LIMITED
TORONTO
A'- i^a^UA^j^f-.
"rrtr
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,
B. C. MARCH 19 1910
Select your* stock of SimmerS
Seeds at Suddaby's*.   "•-.-.'
Bargains'galore at'tlie big 2nd hand
goods s-jle on'Saturday night next to
Calgary Cattle Company.
I wish to thank my many friends for,
the hearty support given* to me at- the
recent civic elections.—John L. Gates.
Mrs. E. Todd wishes to announce^
that her regular Spring Millinery Opening will take place Wednesday next
"March 23rd. "'' \
Don't forget the big auction sale of
second hand goods at second hand
store next Calgary Cattle Co. Saturday
evening at 7.30.
*
A football meeting will be held In
the King Edward parlors on Tuesday,
March 22nd at S o'clock. All interested
cordially welcome.
The evening whist club will meet at
Baynes on Thursday, March 31st instead of the 24th, as previously arranged. Fernie, friends will please
take note.
Mrs. Wagget is holding her spring
opening at her parlors on Rowland
avenue on Tuesday and Wednesday,
March 22nd and 23rd, and cordially invites nn inspection of her large and
varied stock.
Freddie Shaw, formerly the imp of
darkness in, this oifice, put his foot
ln it on theM. F. M. track this week,
but glad to say that amputation was
not necessary;
The monthly payroll of the Crows
Nest Pass Coal Company, which will
bo distributed tomorrow amounts approximately to $103,000; Coal Creek-
F'ernie $85,000 and Michel $78,000.
Anglican church, Good Friday, ser-"
vice at 11 o'clock, Archdeacon H. Beer
and Easter Sunday, early communion
at 8.30; .morning prayer, holy communion at 11; evening prayer at 7.30.
Archdeacon H. Beer.
A meeting of fire sufferers was held
on Saturday night to discuss the present situation, and the outcome 'was
that Dr. Wriglesworth and Percy B-san
will act with present committee to get
proportion to be refunded and settle
the affair for all time ,to come.
Mr. S. D.Wark, M. l&i, who for the
past three years has been a member
of the'engineering department of the
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, has
Be.vere-d'his connection with that corporation to accept the "position of manager of the Leitch Mines at* Passburg
'Alta.
„ The construction of the Homo Bank
will commence as soon as practicable,
and pushed forward with all possible
haste. This building, of" which .,we
have already produced a cut, wilL-Yfi-j
a credit to the.city when p.*j'inpleted
and furnishes another proo,£'of the sta-
~Diiity~of~Fernie: I*******-	
. Service at ■&<*;'Baptist church on
Sunday, mining subject "What Came
of a/filndered Life." ■ Evening, Rev
r &r. Estabroolc of Summerland,' B. C,
the new superintendent of Baptist
Homo Missions, will speak. In' the
morning the pastor and Mr, Hunnabel
will sing "Jesus Changeth Not.'"' and
the male quartet will sing at the evening service.
J. W. Bennett, who Is now occupying the editorial chair in the Temple
of Wisdom, commonly known as The
District Lodger office, takes this opportunity of informing his numerous
I. Ci S. student friends that they will
shortly receivo a visit from his successor to whom ho bespeaks like
courtesies to those he always received. Tho.name of tho gentleman la
George C. Egg.
Charles Guldens, ono of tho organizers of tho United Mine Workers, recently camo across a miner who In tho
22 years that ho hns worked for a
company at Hazleton, Pa„ hns-received a pay envelope but twice, ln that
tlmo he has been In dobt to the company evory month except the two in-
Btunces mentioned. Talk about slavery and peonage, you can find all degrees of servitude in Pennsylvania.
The LndloB Aid of tho Baptist church
■ will hold a salo on Tuesday, the 22nd
aftornoon and evening In the temporary church building, on tho corner of
Howland avenue nnd Jaffray stroot.
Thoro will be on sulo a largo [lssort-
ment of ladle« aprons, dust eap» und
fancy articles ns well as children's
clothing, otc, Home cooked foods
and candy will be a Hpeclal feature.
Refreshments will also bo sorvod in
tho leu room for which a hiiibII too
will bo clmrged, Everybody welcome
7-The"Paris Flood, Pathe'-Freres-films
at the F.ernie.operai.hous'e~:-.-!'v'*v ■;;.
.Evangelists- Le\vtas'"and Reed'of the
Seattle conferencejjyHl-'lie '■ in-'Jernib
April 3rd. .'yy:y7'■•■-7"7 .*'
Wanted -at oncei^Good,' general -se\--
vant; apply to * Mrs. -' Ambet-y; :> Corner
McPherson avenue'aiid '-jaffray^S't^ ';
■Mrs. E. Todd wishes' -■ to ^announce
that her regular Spring;*Millinery' Opening- will take place' Wednesday next
March-23rd:   ••■*   "'■'-•   '   " -^r'y.y
Mrs. Wagget is holding her spring
opening at her parlor*? .on, Hoy-land
avenue on Tuesday * and.'7w7ednesday,
March 22nd and 23ydv:a4d\.dbrdi'ally*invites an inspection' of -her ...large • and
varied stock. -*"*,   .■ ..y-..-   ■   ,-....
J.' L. Stirling, formerly inspector* of
mines for Calgary district,''has ..been
appointed to be provincial inspector, at
Edmonton in place of R. Livingstone,
resigned. Elijah lleathcote takes the
place of J, L. Stirling at Calgary.
Mrs. E. Todd wishes to announce
that her regular Spring Millinery Opening will take place Wednesday next
March 23rd.
THE CHRISTIAN
The Summers StockvCompany will
present Mr. Hall Caiiie's celebrated
play The Christian, at Grand Theatre
on Monday, March 21. This play is
credited by the best known dramatic
critics as Mr. Caines masterpiece, and
that is a hall mark of Its high merit
as Hall Caine is the foremost dramatic author bf the age. The play
opens in the ruined castle of Peel on
the Isel of Man, one of the most romantic spots that history records. The
central figures in the play' are Glory
Quaile and John Storm. Glory, is
tho grand daughter of the parish clergyman tind John is the son of Lord
Storm, who has a parliamentary career mapped out for him. John and
Glory love each other but come to the
parting of thc ways at the end qf the
first act. Glory goes to London tb
enter,a hospital and John to enter the'
Anglican Brotherhood. . Glory drifts
from the hospital to the music hall,
and John goes out as a missionary
into the slums of London and starts
his crusade against sin right in tho
midst c of it. In the end they meet
as is usual. The play is full of human nature 'and sentiment; the dramatic* situations are intense and the
dialogue extremely interesting. This
company have giverf special attention
to'' this production, carrying special
scenery for the play. . It is a strong
play, splendidly acted and - perfectly,
staged. These three combined "tpsike
if well worth seeing, , S
Following are the^J&y-Tthe Summers Stock' CmKoar^ -will" present during the. w^eAif A Bachelor's Honeymoon^. & Prisoner of War; Leah Kles-
cATia;. May Blossom; The Lion and
the Mouse;.The Fighting Hope; Charley's Aunt and several others.   .
The following nro tlio bowling flfi*-
uros for tho weeks
Commercials 2378; Burns 2179.
Waldorf 20(18;   KooleuuyH 2305,
Conl Cmnpnny 2180; IluniH 2101.
CommorrliilH 210.1; l'rinterfl 234:1.
Dreadnoughts 2302;-Clorlw 2198.'
WEL8H TOWN FLOODED
BUSINESS   LOCALS   7
Get your baby carriages at Trites
Wood Co. *
' Always ready; ham sandwiches and
coffee at Ingram's.
, Remember the spot to buy furniture
and stoves is at *the Trites-Wood Co.
i If you want help of any kind phono
65: The East Kootenay Realty Co.
See the East Kootenay Realty Co, ad
this week.     It means money to you.
Hot tea or coffee served at'Ingrams
pool room.
If you are a particular Bmoker get
your smokes at Ingram's.
^Just the thing early In the morning
or late at..night: a hot lunch at Ingram's.
The Misses"Euler Invite you.to their
spring millinery openings next Wednesday and Thursday, March 23rd and
24th and following days.
Sowing machines, drop head, tho
beBl in the land, fully guaranteed for
10 years from $28 each up at Trites-
Wood Compnny.
Houso to Rent; Three roomed cottage, Rlvorsldo nvenuo. Went Fernio.
$10 per montli. Apply to Joseph L.
Allen.    ' ltp
Window shades cut lo fit your windows without extra chnrgo; lnrgo slzos
made to order at the Trites-Wood Co.
For Halo: Quarter Beetion of first-
clusB lnnd within throo milos of Plnclior station, Alberta (virgin soil.) Apply Ledger.
Shoo repairing business for salo:—
Singer machlno and nil tools, flrBt
cIiirh opening. Apply Box 170, Claros-
holm, Alta,<.
If you wnnt a Job lot uh know. Wo
havo nil IcIwIh of JoIjh waiting. East
Kootonay Realty Co.
To Rent: Collage with Imlh, furniture, sluuloB, iind curtiiliiH, rango and
heating Btovo for fliiln at bargain. Apply F. Whito, Conl Offlco,
Oill Boarding IIoiiho, a comfortable
home for the Miner. Table board IR.OO
por week; monlH SGi*; room and board
by tho month, $23,50, All white holp, E,
Baylor and J, Ford, Proptt. 2l.p
CARDIFF, Wales, March IC—The
burnt lug of a dam nt nn old colliery at
lilamilydach in Rhomldu vitlluy has
flooded tho village lying below, de-
Htroylng many Iiouhoh iuul rimlmd into
a Hchool building having nlno hundred
pupllH, who nnrrowly phchi'-'iI from
drowning.
Six liven want lost In tho village,
nil Dw iDhnhltnnts of which fled.
NOTICE
To Whom It May Concern:
Take iiotlc-o that I will not lm n>-
sponsible for any ditbts contracted by
my Wlfo, Kllziiboth KlnK Dunlop tor
Climle.)
TH08. CLIMIE.
Fernie 1), C. Mnrch 5, 1010.
Stomach Blood and
Liver Troubles
Much lieknm turn with weak iloaach, and oouaqua-at
poor, impovecUhed blood. Nervoua and ptle-p-eople lack
1'ood, rich, red blood,   Their Uomi-shi need lariioretiat
er. after all, a man oan ha no itronfer than hit aloasach.
A remedy that make* the litoraach itronj end the liver
active, raekei rich red blood and orereomei aad drivaa
cut diu-ite-pmdttcinf bacteria an-l curt* a whole multl*
tad* of diteaiei,
Get Ha of you/ SlotuaeHi Wtakneoa and
Liver Latlaeaa by taklai a eaaraa ef
Of. Pleree'a Qalelea Medical Dleearerr
-the- treat iiteotack Keataratlre, Ltrer
lavltorator aaat Blood Claaaaaf.
You can't afford lo aeeept aay mediein* of i
nmpatitia* at a lubttitute for "Golden Medical Duoot-
«ry," which ii t medfcl-ne or bnowm tznuTatmnrt, he*tn£
■ complete lilt o( ingredient* in plain RAfliib M IU tat*
tfa-wrapper, itme he'wt elteiied ai eotrtet xatder oath.
Or. Pi*na>* Pttaaaat PtllM* regelate aad lavlgenU SttmaUi, Llrir net Raw*!*.
•■•  '  '-I > -■
IT  is  not your  earning capacity, but
your Saving ability that will make
you Independent.    We are offering
for Pay Day and F'ay Week Special Values
in each department. You can save money
by allowing us to fill your wants.
Dry Goods
, Potters English Prints, warranted fast colors, 9 yds
Anderson's Scotch Ginghams .„■"■"      u      9 "
Eclipse Tailor made White Waists and Lawn (1*0 UC
Blouses in the new Spriiig; Styles, from 7oc to  $£• JcJ
Boots & Shoes
The "NETTLETON" Shoe without doubt the best. American . Shoe Af AF
made for men, in all the • latest models and lasts, made up in Velour, *Kj Q|l
Gunmetal, Patents, B.'x Calf, Ox Blood, Tans, reg, $7.50 to $8, special   Nfv«wv'"
Our^yge of Men's Working Boots cannot be surpassed, while our prices for equal
Xj'uality cannot be duplicated. • ;       ,   ,, ...
Hen's
Shirts!   Shirts!   Men's'W9rking Shirts, Men's Fine Dress Shirts   JJCA
Negligee and   Regetta • Shirts all at reduced prices.   Special "Tooke"   Hjl!
.Black Sateen Shirt,' regular priori)$1.00... SP3ECIA1_.  -. '.•«. ■ vww
!'..-:&_  ?;Bacon. ^You'lUeniby,it-■'"'  •     1---""•■."--.•"■■"-•'♦i
^'.7*"-T*»_i.-v'*;C__»'_l_     n«__l     T«iue_'   .«_<*_*-il-o- It
Pay   Cash   and Just   Sinilc
♦♦ ♦ $»♦,♦♦♦♦♦»♦> »»» ♦♦♦♦♦v-<» <►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦;'
NEW
ARRIVALS
___________________________■_■______■
Ladies&Childrens
White Muslin
*, - -
Underwear
Corset Covers, Drawers
Skirts, Chemise, Gowns
Ladies Wash Princess Dresses
**.
Lace, Muslin, Duck &n Cords
i
Ladies Wash Coat Suits
...     •r" f ■   .   ;
7 . Linen, Ducks & Cords
Sheriffs True Fruit Jelty; Powders, 4 pkgs.
Seller & 1 lb. Jars Orange Marmalade, each
Cleaned Fancy Currants0,1 lb. pkgs., eachP
Barrington Hall1 Steele dut^ Coffee,  per lb;
<--^!!:
20c
10c
_Oc
The Crow's Nest Trading Co., limited
SAVE
Your    Job    Printing
orders  for  me
i
It is a
HEINTZMAN
That Says Everything
Will bo open in  a
fow days in tho old
Bank  of Hamilton
Building, on Pollat,,
Avenue, Jj'ornio;
W. S. Stanley
For Sale Cheap
9 Room all Modern Houso
Lot 60 x 120 feet A fenced. Electric Light Fixturea, Hot ft Cold
Water, alao Bath.    Owner will lat
no al <« '•/«< h»..j <*(»» it., vi.;')" rc^"cn *
«Mc trrmr..
Apply Box 161       Fernie
It spells perfection in every detail of piano
structure. To believe is but to see and
hear.
Childrens' Spring Cdajts
Cashmere & Broadcloths
Agent Butterick Patterns
Trites-Wood Company
LIMITED
HEINTZMAN  PIANOx  PARLORS
M. W, Elley, Dist, Mgr,
Grand Theatre Block. Fernie, B. C.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■
♦♦
FOR    SALE
7 Roomed House
A    BARGAIN
*mammmmtimv*mmmmmmmimm*miammtm
7 roomed house with bathroom, lot 30 by 120, on
MacPhcrson Ave. Cash
$1650, or with furniture
complete, $1900,        Apply
MMl(laWilflIIIMH,,lll,     IIIMIIIMWIIIIIIIIII
Spalding's Studio
Victoria Avenue
New   Stand
#
With a, Full Line of Men's Furnishings
Mens Suits $5*00
Working Shirts 50 j } Dress Shirts 5Qc~]
SATURDAY
SPECIALS .
Call and see our specials in Groceries for
Saturday.
Spring   Suitings   from   $16   up
Made to measure. Fit and material
gvaranteed
(i
McBEAN  &  WAGGETT
Next Salvation Army Barracks
We carry a complete line of Ladies' Ready-to Wear
Shirt, Waists, Underskirts, and Whitewear
KEFOURY   BROS.
Next »■» \Vl*-fw»w VextAy Star* N"t to Nfl-jtbeni Ht***!
IF YOUR BUSINESS AIN'T WORTH ADVERTISING,
SUITS   and 01 fl
OVERCOATS f! U
and up made to your measure.   The
latest New York and English
 Cloth and Styles	
PANTORIUM IW.jttftimA^.Bffll
CLOTHES CLEANED, REPAIRED PRESSED
i
i
i
Advertise in the District Ledger

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