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The District Ledger Mar 26, 1910

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 |t)  ,.-■; 7-"--,IVI   [Ul.-.j'.i—
.provmc^rLibrarV.oo7r,5is*c^
u  "     ^:^yJjyyf\%
Industrial Unitygis Str-engrtb
Mhgtv
Tbe Official Orgra.n of District No.,18, U. PI. W. of-A.
VOL,. V.   No. 34
FERNIE,   B. C,  March 26th,   1910
tiQ
Political Unity is Victory
$1.0© a Ye*r
NEW COUNCIL
SHAPING
WELL
THE,   COMMITTEES ,  NAMED FOR
THE YEAR 1910— MAYOR'S
ADDRESS
KNIGHTS OF THE ROAD
PASS FERNIE UP
ALDERMAN  MACDONALD    ASKED
.    TO RECONSIDER  HIS
RESIGNATION
HOTEL  PERFORMS  FREAKS
■   • ■    •*.v1'-   '*•■.    '
Flow of Waters'Precipitated on Roof
Directed to-Two Oceans
A. Good who is.at the Empire Hotel, lays claim to the most unique
house in the world.
He is proprietor.of a hotel at Crows
Nest, B./J.,' on. the summit of the
Rocky Mountains. When it rains the
wnter falling on the east roof of his
hotel flows to the Atlantic ocean, and
that which falls on the west roof goes
to the Pacific.
Mr. Good is in Spokane at present
in the, interest of certain coal and oil
lands in British Columbia.
Mr. Good also boasts of one of the
best zoological exhibits in British Columbia. ' Surrounding his hotel in inclosed spaces he has specimens df
practically all the wild, animals of
Canada, as well as animals from the
tropics. ■*•     ■;■
There the alligator and the seal con**
sort together in a water tank, while
the polar bear playfully makes friends
with monkeys.—Spokane Chronicle.
THE LA W MYS DON1 T
Verbatim Report of the Hold-up Case Denied Press by
Provincial  MagistrateT-Prisoners to Appear at
May Assizes--Varlow Out on Bail
SPECIAL MEETINGS
»c
V
.The first meeting of the newly elected council took place on Tuesday in
' the City-HalL ." Every alderman was
•iir his seat at 8 o^cblck and barely two
-, minutes - thereafter Mayor  Herchmer
/commenced the. session'and, after be-
,ing informed by City Clerk G.H.Boul-
■ ton that .each had made the usual de**
, clarationejcpress'ed himself as pleased
to note    the presence of the. city's
'choice for the ensuing term to look
after its,-interests,'and felt confident
that the same spirit of harmony ■ that
• prevailed during, the past term would
be duplicated and that whilst   they
' might expect  that when  their  year
,was up to be.the" subjects of'adverse
, criticism,- that this -.was only commonplace, but if each would work, as he.
'. had no doubt they would according to
the dictates, of their best judgment,
.that  the* strictures of others  would
-not be^f any value; in short, to sum
up, one might say that tt was an exportation", to. each  '.'to  act well  his
part."   -7     ' ' ' , '*.
" As" the year was short it would re-
- quire extra meetings so that the much
! needed :works could, be "accomplished.
Those in charge of the mission work
of the Methodist church have completed arrangements for a two weeks season of mission meetings in the Pernie
Methodist. church, beginning pri Sunday, April 3rd.
The services of the celebrated evangelists, Lewtas,and'Reed of the Puget Sound Conference'*-of* the Methodist church have been secured for these
meetings. **."■•-
These two men, the one a most forcible and eloquent-speaker and the
other a songster of 'wide reputation,
come "with-.the highest' recommendations; among those speaking words of
praise we notice the • name of Rev.
John Robson, B. A;, our own late pastor. , " . t * ■ . ■ . .-
•These "evangelists " . have recently
closed a ''most successful ■ series, of
meetings in Revelstoke, and are now
conducting meetings in Cranbrook.
• The Fernie meetings will be opened
on Sunday, April 3rd, and are to'con-
tinue for two weeks.-   -
The fine new auditorium of the new
Methodist church will furnish ample
room for a large choir, and with the
Sunday * school rooms thrown open "it
is hoped that room will be found for
all who may become'interested inthe
greatest of all questions affecting the
,h'umanfamily.
We feel that.it is our bounden duty
to inform our many readers who have
been furnished with the/full" details of
the Coal Creek hold up that on Tuesday last our special reporter, who has
been engaged*on writing up the case
from the start, received notification
that the magistrate; Mr. J. S. Alexander, forbade him from giving a verbatim report, lest the evidence of the different witnesses might not* be allow**&d
thereby causing a state of affairs' inimical to the interests of the accused,
and in measure aiding to frustrate the
ends of justice,
Realising that the public, knowing the
several parties connected with this
case would naturally expect a lengthy
report from us, and being at-all times
anxious to please our patrons, we
have taken extra pains only to find
them nullified by the order of the presiding magistrate.
, Upon our representative stating that
he had been warned against publishing
a verbatim .transcript we. decided that
the best course to pursue, inasmuch
as we feel that it is a legitimate object
in a newspaper to furnish information
to the people generally, although at
the same time being anxious not to
jeopardise ourselves by running contrary to the law; and.furthermore' a
wish to avoid injuring any individual,
that we would interview the gentle;
man who had the control of affairs ih
the provincial court. Upon informing
him that we had gone to considerable
expense in order to gather the news iri
question, we naturally did not relish
relinquishing the possible profit that
would accrue from its publication. He
expressed deep regret, but upon asking if he forbade us magisterially from
reproducing the evidence ad verbatim
he categorically ordered that we must
refrain, and as. before*.stated, we.
have only the alternative of disobed
lence with its possible rebuke or com
I
.*i
I
4
Committees
Finance: Messrs. Johnson and
White. •<■*     - '' -;--'*".'• ■•'    7-  -'    -
Works arid Property: ;Beck and Kennedy.'    7'*'-" '- '■•■*.■■•'-,   «'"    .'-■
Wat4> and*,*Light: Messrs. Morrison.
Bock and McDonald.-. '   7■*"•"■ -'-V-
Fire njid Health^Messrs, ■ Kennedy,
White arid -JoTinson. * *   ' '^''",'' 7 ""„
It was decided to'hold regiilar.meet-
ings on the 2nd'and 4th Thursday of
. each month.  	
Mayor Herchmer called attention to
the new works committee, that there
was certain clearing being 'done by
their predecessors ln the city park
which he. jvd'uld suggest that thoy, in
conjunction * with the city engineer,
would look Into at once. Various
others matters were discussed, but it
was felt ihat the real work would bo
taken In hand when the next rogular
mooting came around,
Ainong tho sevoral Items alluded to
was tho crossing at the G. N„ and tho
imperative necessity for. tho obstructions of tho railroad to c'oaso, stumping the north ond, Annex, etc., passable sldoway noar tho school, etc,
,Tho flro chief was also Instructed to
attend to certain matters in his department and'thereby hangs a tale.
Wo assuro our' cotem of our heartfelt
sympathy. ■     .
Tho now moml-ors ovldontly havo
made up their determination to bo
allvo to the Interests of the community, niul If thoy continue as tlioy (1bo-
gun whilst, thoy of course naturally
cannot look forward to receiving no
blamo, yot thoy will have tho saMsfnc-
tion of having dono tho bost tlioy
know how,
Ainong tho old timers wo noted that
tho CerebeiiH of tho Exchequer Ih woll
flllod "by Alderman Fred Johnson.
Thursday
Tho City Council; Mnyor Herchmer
presiding, held Ub first regular meeting.
After tho rondlng of mlnuton, a potltlon \vns road for a BldownHt on tho
property oppoHlto Bonn Brothel's, and
tho lot of 0. N. Ross, Prayer was
hourd and a sidewalk will bo conatruc-
ted In tho noar futuro.
li. P. Rclditoln mado complaint about
condition In'.front of hia offlco. Ordorod nttondod to,
11. C. II, Hammond mndo roport ro
24 hour nyatoni; decided to instiill In
UO days honce,
Report of City Knglnoor Potior —
Estimated cont for extension of sewerage f-.yiit.pm north end and Annex --
$,'t:»,non. Htorm wator Bystom to cost
$28,000.    ' .    .
Question of calling for tondors for
- lumber and nlno for building of sidewalks noted upon,
Temporary aldawnlk to bo put down
' st once In front of school.
lOuluiubV   u)-\*t»       Llllludut.il*)   ultd
rend flrni txnd reco-nd tlm en. Thin
will ho strictly enforced tm Fernie him
long* since' pass/Ml tho village stage nnd
It Is high time that some action wuh
taken regarding thu horde of worthless
curs that Infest tho street.
U whs dciouniTien i,h*t Dw at,wnit,-
ment bo mado at onco, returnable on
May 8Ist.-
' The'resignation of U E. McDonald
was read Hod It was unanimously decided to ask him to reconsider. The
mayor paid tribute to tho excellency of
ht-rvlccH rond-sted, stating that h« felt
that thn action1 was the'reauU of a
mlauudcrsUudlug. Lost your Aider-
man Macdonald had informed him
that bocauso of his occupation taking
up ao much of hia lime, ho did not
desire to b« chairman of any commit-
tea; henc« the reason ror not appointing him, thinking that wo was of tho
Mkm.«- opinion atlll!* -      ,
A special meeting Is caUed foY next
Thursday. .■
Do' not'forget.vthe'date and constl
tute..yourself aVcppmiltteSe ,of one to | pliance, and thereby disappointment_of_
"bring"t&7these,.meetings every one in""^- —*--—"-- —  ■—"--- ----■   ■•    ••
whom' you "are interested.   ■     "•    -
—. '   **». ". ■
, Boxholders at the post, office should
always inform,their ,correspoudents;'to
write' the number of. the .box^on, thp
envelope aeTthis'-faoiliiates worsrin 'the
porting and "ensures correct "delivery*!
whereas if omitted may cause , delay
because, of the fact that there are often several persons of the same name
receiving mail through the general delivery and the' letter sorter does not
know to which It'belongs when the
number Is not given.
GLOOMY
PROSPECT
THE WAGE    EARNERS    OF    ENGLAND ARE HAVING HARD
TIMES NOW
LONDON, March 22—Tho yoar '09
wus a gloomy ono from tho point of
view of labor, according to the annual volumo of labor statistics Issued
by the board of trado, Tlio inula facts
to be gathered from tho flguros aro
that tho yoar was ono of high unemployment, dccroasliiB wagoB iind doar
food.
The total amount of unemployment
In all trade during tho year reuchod
7.7 per cent. In somo trades tho number of unemployed reached nn exceptionally high lovol ns follows:
Shipbuilding 22,1 por cont
Building 11.7 por cont
Engineering   dl.O por cont
Furnishing  10.4 por cont
Chunges In wagon affected 1.150,059
work pooplo during tho yoar, tho not
loss to thom being 69,212 pounds pur
wook. In other wordH 3,609,024 pounds
loos wont into thn wngo earners pockets during tho yonr,
If tho poHlllon Inst your bo compared with 1900 tho Index yoar tnkon hy
tho hoard of trade In Its statistics, thn
not dncornso In wagon amounted to
148,982 pounds por week, or u total
Iohb to tho wago earners on tho year
of 7,721,9(1*1 pounds.
Accompanying tho heavy Iohh In
wages Is tho fact that food still continued to rise.
Tho totnl numbor of disputes bo-
tween employ***-™ nnd work people In
tho year was 400, Thono af footed
299,04*) work people and resulted In a
loss of 2,761,000 working days,
our subscribers,-together with,the injury as per the remarks of the judge"
pt printing portions of the proceedings
that would be ordered not permissible,
and its appearance in - a -jtiewspaper'
would 'have* a', tendency, to' prejudice.
,theV minds; of individuals, to the extent;
that it would beimpossible to'obtain''a
jury, andvhenc'e a change* of venue necessitated by our action. *.        "   '
Magistrate Alexander informed us
that the stenographer was only admitted by courtesy, and that-it was not
until his attention was called to tho
report in our last Saturday's. Issue being so complete that he took,the present step, fearing the effect, and that
his court was "closed," hence the publication of a verbatim report of the
proceedings that could In anywise
Influence the minds of those who
might read matter which would be ruled out, was contra to law, and as a
consoquonce it precludes our giving
moro than a skeleton so to speak, of
the „very lutorostlng developments
which were elicited from the several
witnesses both on Monday and Tuesday. '•  ■
Monday morning tho court opened at
ton1 o'clock and tho, examination of
Acting Chlof Bowen was proceeded
with and'ho was subject to very severo
cross examination In wliich tho various counsels took part, but despite
tho Innumerable questions that woro
asked that may by an outsider bo
doomed Irrovolnnt or otherwise, thero
was but" littlo additional Information
elicited thnn has already been published.. W. R. Robs insistently iiBkod a
number of quostlons nnd dwolt at considerable longth on the mattor of tho
authority that'the witness had for arresting P, C, Varlow nniV also why no
warrant wob taken; to this the nctlng
chief stated that it was his belief that
a warrant was issued!immediately after the discovery of a crime and this
he considered was sufficient to Justify
him arresting--onyone on suspioion.
The next witness was one Tony Am-
brosio, who after informing Prosecutor Macdonald that'he was at, present
a resident of Bellevue,,'Alta.', having
gone there but two.weeks ago, prior^to
which he had lived at Coal Creek for
upwards of one year, also'that he had
formerly lived in Femie.
He. was shown a revolver arid asked
if he recognized it;.but upon objection
•being raised * to'.the weapon- being
handed to the witness it was decided
to endeavor tc get Information by viva
voce, but-after trying to-explain himself in English/and finding that,ho
was not sufficiently -versed therein, he
so informed'the court and asked that
he be permitted to tell his story in his
native tongue, Italian. •
' Louis Carosella was then called upon'
to act as interpreter,' and the native
volubility was*then-.made evident and
considerable language used. ■
The morning/*';examinatiori' was
brought to a close'-„with the'examination of, this> witness," court adjourning
until the afternoon;-'and when it resumed at 2 o'clock the, first who was called to the box wa.s'R:'1 E. Wilson, who
stated that he wa'sr'a .brakeman in the
employ of the.sC/.P.'.R. with headquarters at Cranbrook; -from which point
he was running "out to the divisional
point at Crows Nest.', ■
.The principal, features of his evidence were his relation with' the Belan-
ger brothers and Babcock, from which
it transpired that he was but slightly
acquainted with' Fred • Belanger "."and
Babcock, but that in-consequence of
his employment making'him-often■ a
co-worker with..J.-Belanger,"naturally
they were more or less intimate witfe
each other. He also told the court
that he met Howard, 'tho detective, by
_a_Uiame^or_:heJUrstjtime,,as,heJiad,
covery. He was then subject to a
long series of interrogations emphatically repudiating that thero had been
any inducement held out by Wood as
to immunity being extended to one of
the accused if he would make a clean
breast,of the whole transaction. He
was also questioned as to the expression having, been made relative to the
"tearing the orof off a house." He
stated that they found two $50 ,bills,
and In. order to reach them it was
necessary to take a'few boards off.
R. W. Wood, one of the proprietors
of the Trites-Wood stores reviewed
oertain details connected with the robbery at Coal Creek on the 19th February and how he came to request that
Babcock be arrested, and that subse
DOWNING UNION LABOR
, WASHINGTON,' March 23—To .utilize Mexican cheap labor ou the one
hand and to strike a staggering blow
at organized labor in the U.S., with
the other, is the-plan of the millionaire behind a bill for the abolition of
all tariff restrictions between this
country and the United States of Mexico.
- Locked in the desk of a senator representing not only his state, but one
of the biggest trust companies in New
York city, lies this bill which, if it becomes law, wll complete the modern
'Conquest of Mexico,' by the $800,000,-
000 of American capital already invested in that country.
The Mexican end of this monster
combination has-already been settled
and agreed upon by no less person
than President Porflro Diaz and is today the sensation in financial circles
of the" Mexican capital. Diaz has given
a first unofficial statement as to the
.proposed international relations*,' In
.which he outlined his position in the
following plain language to" representatives of tho Guggenheim copper Interests, who are now In Washington.
The favorable consideration, of Mexico will be given to these proposals,
but the details of such a measure cannot be at the,present time discussed
by me."
The sum and substance of'this international agreement, if perfected would
quent to this on further conversation mean that a flood-of American capital
always thought, that .his' name was
Hunt and. that he . was "a swltchmau
from Rat Portage.*. He; also mentioned
about his first meeting with Nat Babcock' ln-.the.Roma.-hbte],Jbut that'he
was only ,a-casual'.acaualritarice of. F/
'Belanger.'riierely giving'hlm .the 'high,
ball' in passing.  '   '
This witness was very^slbw to"* re{
spondto queries. He,- however, gave
some exceedingly interesting,, testimony but in conformity to instructions
we refrain from reproducing, or as we
have heretofore done from making any,
comments thereon, the latter'phase of
any case being regarded as inadvisable
becauso sub-judlco and the former features wo do agreeably to orders from
Magistrate Alexander "as we aro not
anxious to prejudice tho prospective
jurors. „ '
Constablo Gorman w.as* then' called,
and upon examination relative to the
arrest of Nat Babcock practically duplicated his previous remarks. Ho also
was shown a rovolvor which ho recognised as ono he had found and stated
the particulars connected with Us dis-
LATEST
Belanger Bros, and Babcock
held for trial.
Fred Varlow was bound over
to appear at next court of
competent Jurisdiction, being
admitted to ball of $2000, that
had not been secured when
we went to press.
with Mr. A. B. ..Trites, over the phone
he received instructions relative to
the arrest of Fred Bolanger^ He.also
corroborated some of the .testimony
given by Constable Gorman..* It was
in the evening that Detective Howard
and he visited the police station at
which time the statements, made by
Belanger, regarding his actions in connection with the, case, and also his .version of the remarks, after he had been'
duly warned,' were written down, in
shorthand.        , '*,•',,
He denied that any threats or' promises were held out to him in order to
obtain a confession; he also explained
how the money was portioned out in
one instance. He also alluded to the
division of the remaining portion. .*
John H. Howard stated that he was
in the employ of* the, Pinkerton National agency,'had been ln their service
for about six years. On February' 21
he came to Fernie in connection with
the case involved. He told about go-
ing to Cranbrook, where he was recognised as Hunt, a- switchman.from Rat-
Portage, and how under this name he
ingratiated himself into the confidence
of J. '.Belanger,* and,, obtaining, the
"maii,s""corifiderice~aitei™sevei-aI~urinka
had been' Imbibed," got- the story of the.
Coal' Creek holdup, * 'the details ,'of
which transaction were highly sensa
tlonal. , 7 7.  t ■ -.--"..;  ■ • -
', "It was also told how that on-theiad
vice 6trHoward _o Mr.vTrlte8''*th'atJ.he
'men were arrested. He came*to-Fe?nie
bn the Ilth of March, arid proceeded in
compaiiy with Mr. Wood to visit the
jail.     , •,        '..'*.
Tuesday morning, there was a continuance of-evidenceof Con. Gorman,
which, when concluded, was succeeded by A.* Cardemone, an Italian, wlio
has been a resident of Coal Creek for
three years, and. is the uncle of the
prevlouB witness Tony Ambroslo. He
was interrogated with regard to a revolver, saying that he knew there had
beon one' in tho, house and that it had
beon taken away.
Asked when it was found that the
revolver was missing and how he had
learned of the'fact he replied that ho
did not recall tho exact date but there
was no doubt, of his remembrnnco of
tho Incident as he hoard his nephew
making use of somo naughty words,
ami on nshlng tho ronson wu* Inform
ed that It was because tlie revolver
had gone.
P. U. IlobertBon was nlso examined,
and slated that he was in thc employ
of J. 1). Quail, and wns asked for some
Information regarding canridg-'s,
. R. W. Wood was again on tho stand
for n brief space but he was not cross
uxunilned.
Practically tho wholo oMVodmmdny
wiib occuplod by tlio various ooiinBol
with their roflpoctlvo arguments,
ROPE ROUTE
LOOKED
GOOD
BULGARIAN  LABORER  ENDS    HIS
•      LIFE NOT FAR FROM
DOOR-'
BULGARIAN QUITS THIS
GRUEL WORLD
COMPANIONS SAY THAT HE HAD
BEEN DESPONDENT FOR
SOME TIME
would pour into Mexico for the erection of additional mills, factories and
smelters to be run by Mexican labor,
at one.quarter of the wage now paid
American labor for the same class-of
work,- and that, the product of these
plans would return to' the United States free of duty. •*■
• The pressure for the adoption-of
this momentous measure comes from
American interests already intrenched in Mexico: The Harriman interests
west of Tamplco, own 2,500,000 acres
of oil lands; ' Hearst owns 3,000,000
acres in the state of Chihuahua; foreign investors among whom Standard
Oil is chief, control oil leases over a
strip of, land in Mexico estimated- to
be one thousand miles long and "75
miles wide; iri Sinaloa a grant of 2,-
000,000 acres has been given to an
American corporation,' with headquarters in the 'city of Los' Angeles, in
payment for making a survey of that
state. -        7    '    ' „ ,
. .Those-are but'a fraction of thc American land holdings in Mexico, * . no
mention being made of'the mineral
grants, water rights and public utility
franchises- pos'se'sised by citizens of the
SOME   INTERESTING   LOCAL  ITEMS
ELKO NOTEtt BY FRED ROO
The piano bought of W. M. Rlloy of
Fornio, -arrived In E1ko In tlmo for tho
big Irish colnhrntlon; thnnka to thn
*t*%*+*«.   I****!*   \n    T. ti****t_    ir?,"?   ,T*!,V'?r*    ***"'
Pernio freight handlers look llko figure 0 with tho rim torn off,
Mr,. Remington NolHon who can pod-
dlo hot air nnd novor spill a drop, faster than any typewriter salesman on
tho road,, was In Elko this week.
The Meirhnnts Hunk of ■Cnnndi**.,
whoso ad appears in thla papor will
build tt magnificent brown Mono front
on lha aonth west corner of Main snd
Murket streets. , <i
(Chapter 1: Continued In our next)
■■" ■     *>      '  ' '
Word ha* Just beon received from
Spokane that the operation upon Jas.
Mel-Gan Was bu«« **uce«»»tuUy pvitor-
med, and thai he Is progressing favor
ably. Everybody Is plod to hoar this.
, Hector McDonald of lloflmor han
been nppolntod as a commissioner for
taking affidavit*** lu tho supremo
court in tho Fornio olootoral district.
Rumor Imb It that W. .1. narilott Is
showing coinmondablo r-ntorprl»o by
mouopollBlng tho oynnogon gas of
Ilnlloy'a comftt. Why not borrow
some from Coleman?
A meeting of Fernie Civilian Rlflo
Association will ho held nt tho offices
of Morsi'H. Lnwo & Flshnrnt 8.30 Monday noxt, tho 28th, All Inlorcstnil nro
cordially Invited,
Tho livening whist club will moot nt
UuyiiuB on Thursday, March 31st ln<
stead of tho 21th, ns previously arranged.     Fornio friends will pI«aso I sent year,'
W. C, Nowlng of Now Mlchol, man-
ngor for V. Burns Co. at thnt point,
paid a vlnlt to UiIh knowledge foundry
on Thursday and oxprosBod hiH Biir-
prlBo nt lis up-todntonoBs,
Anglican church, Good Friday, hop
vlcn at 11 o'clock, Archdeacon II, Uoor
and Mnstnr Sunday, early communion
at. S.IIO; morning prayer, holy communion nt lt; ovoning prayer' at 7,110,
Archdeacon If. Door.
0. N, nilchrlHt, division supervisor
of tho Singer Sowing Muchlmi Co.,
from Nolson, was in town this wook
visiting tho Iocnl r-'presontatlvd Mr.
Win, Ilnrlon. Un rofiorin hiiHliu-ss
good hnd prospects bright for thn pro-
-ftnko nolo.
Tho Frnsor Valloy Kocord comos to
us cioihud in grwnj doubtfuas this iiuu
the double significance of paying tribute to Ireland's patron saint and nlso
announcing thr* advent of Spring in
tho Valloy bnautiful ot llrltlnh Colunv
bin.
0, J. Dlghy roturned on WmlnoHdiiy
ovoning from n huslnoss trip tn Spo-
kano, ,
Tho "Rule of Work," whloh wnn
hold under tho nusplcr-s of thu Ladles Aid of tho IlnptlBt church on Tuesday IiihI wiih a docldod hiiitiihh In every way, VaiintiH articles, useful,
oniaimiiilnl and olhorwlsu, uu wiOl as
a splendid auHoitiiK'iit of catnhloH and
confectionery, woro nxhlbllml and nt
the close of the proceedings prnrtlcnl-
ly nothing remained, The proceeds
mill ed the IikIIcm ovur -fleO.
This Is uu absnl'ik-ly unsolicited '..*,*■•
ilmonliil, mul ulihough tint liitornslud
parties are patrons of' lius'VomTnT
umLeuTjiaies;      T™—   ■    , ~~^~
■■ Why the Harriman lines were rushed along the west coast of Mexico, why
Taft met Diaz with fraternal greetings
in El Paso,.why Mexico has been kept
free,of all Labor organizations, free
for, the coming of-the, American capi-*
talist with;ibis.mllls..,factories And his
smelters, is now. mado plain-by this
last proposal for a great consideration
of commercial interests wliich will
wipe the border line to American
trade, but will still keep tt guarded
and intact to the entrance of American iabor standards.
If this bill becomes law Mexico wi'./
become the*, preserved* commercial
hunting ground for the American millionaire.
If this bill becomes law the American laborer will be com polled to produce In competition with the p&on laboror of Mexico.
FLOURISHING
CONDITION
BOARD OF TRADE REVIEW WORK
OF 1910—A NIGHT OF FUN
MUSIC ETC.
Thb Koi'iilo opora house was the
scene Inst night of a eonibiimUon of
businoss and Jnlllflent ion and from nc-
counts of Uioho who wero In attendance all tho varloiiB turns wore thoroughly enjoyed and will llvo long In
tho memory of thu purtlclpnntR.
TheVe wero moving pictures nnd otlinr fonturoH of entertainment for tho
momborH,       "
•I. IL Pollock, tho retiring presidi'iit,
road his report, which certainly shows
the board to bo lu an enjoyable Htntn
of prosperity, One Itom demons!rntoH
(hn proof of tho growth by tlm present
niumboi'Hhlp, numbering 101, un Increase nf 84 since the beginning uf the
year.
Tho election of officers resulted iih
follows:
President: .1, ll. Lawry,
Vice-President: A. II. Ciw
Kt-cretnry Trmisurur; deorgu P. Hie-
voiihoii,
Executive Council:
.1. H. T, Alexander
II. W. llercbtner
V. (!, Dubois
.1. II. Pollock
It. Rerullni,'
A. I. . Isher
c,  n  Muffin*
I,. A. H. Dark
,1. ii, Turney
\V. It. Rous M.I'.P., .lint Jm*. Ash-
worth, mnnngi-r f«>r Dw Crow's Nost
Pass Coal Company, mnde ndilrrnses,
tho latter stating that    the relations
A Bulgarian, aged 36, was found
hanging to a tree near the Great Northern railway track at Dorr station,
35 miles south of Fernie, this morning
by his companions, who had been
-worklng-with him on tbe section gang
at that place. ,
Thero were four of these Bulgarians
working ih the same gang and .they
had   concluded   to   quit   and   started
soon after breakfast, to go to the foreman to get their time checks,   when
Paris Caramanleff told" them to go on
and he would come after them'later. '"
■ But he did not go, and   upon returning,to the section house they, missed  '
him, and began a search which result- '
ed' in finding his body hanging from
a limb of a spruce'tree a few yards
from the track.
The men were frightened and ran
to-tho foreman, Alfred Dryden, who returned with them to the tree and cut
the body down.*--*-Life was extinct although the body was still warm*. Cor-'
oner Bleasdell'was notified by. tele-
phoney and went down on the noon
train, but after hearing the statements"
of the dead man's associates, concluded— not—to-hold—an—inquest^-and- gave-
Eoreman Dryden orders to bury the
body near the tree upon which it. was
found Hanging.    ' -,
-The, brass'.chock issued to'the man
by the G.rN;-bears the' name'as'given
.above, and was. issued Jn ^909 from
.the.Spokane office" and Ib. numbered
'6739. *   . -  -        ,   ";"--
' The man was of' dark complexion,
and had a light moustache. '.His,companions state .that he had been despondent for sonic tlmo and threatened to take his life.
FOOTBALL
Enthusiastic  Meeting  Held  in    King
Edward—Plans for the Coming
Season
Services will bo hold ns usual In thu
Baptist church on Hundny, when tho
pastor will preach on both occasions.
Morning at 11 |"Tho Christian as nn
Ambassador." Evening at 7.30: "An
Astonishing Question," Spoclnl music
haa boen arranged for the evening ser-
vlco.
. It. D. C, Hammond clftfm*: thc unique
distinction of having put In the first
telegraph Instrument in Pernio, Installed the first lighting plant, wired tho
first building, made tho Initial effort of
the hello service and Is now Instrumental In Introducing nnd supervising
tho iUst poMt-t pUhL llc-realler hu
ahall be known at "Edison" Hammond
—thus speaks the prophet.
our criticism Is by no menus affected
» «     , T- ,      » 1 '     , I I     - I ■      t ,
,1 li,*  !.!/>. ti     It,    ...J.il.l **i*.i*     11}     UtL    (HIM     t,
\*. etrlrtly wlOiln Dw prnvlnee nf n
newspaper to make cominonts on any
nnd evory subject under tho sun, hut.
uiiforiunuu-Iy. wo are fieo to confess,
that with many of nnv contemporiirles
tho preponderance Is lo criticise ud<
%WM->*jfi VtniUv itiiw i* muni) in older when merited, with like freedom
of expression, favorable, comments
should be made when deserved. We
have visited mnny places anil shop*
windowed In somo of the largest cities
of the globe, but whilst there mny
huw I'V'-ii more profu-ilon and rt-rt;\U.
ly more material exhibited, yet from
thu viewpoint of artistic effect liy n (        	
harmotiloiMi color blending auppoi'ludj "'
by a rational exposition of the goods t The Udles Aid of the Presbyterian
displayed, wo hnvo not aeon anything,thuieh held a very s.un'Mifu] swe-*.-.
to excel the windows nf the Crow's; meats baianr on Thursday In ili« tmlld-
Nest Trading Company, and eneoni' ■ Ing last occupied by ihe 1*1*1 office,
lums th.it  were freely given by the and the candy kids of all aUe-*   and
Cree » Moffatt will hnvo nn ngent
visiting Victoria nnd Vancoiivur with-
lu iho iwxl Ifii iluyn, iuj-l any who
havo any real "ornate"in" thosa p1aa>«
or vicinity, should sen thnm nt onco.
Their reprvaontatlvc will do his best
to turn ovur nny properties Unit nrn
listed wllh them.
t ' ,•»,■■>-'
4V*   i*'**'   faV  i1**  V*** *"*    '**l-■***  ■* J•*•'--*   stt*-* *
the appeal taken by Kckstcln & McTaggart agulnst the decision of Magistrate W. H, Whlmmter In the ruse of
P. it. Obcrlander, the mllllonulro big
game hunter from Mohenila, has been
accepted and the decision rendered
entirely reversed
The Merchants Dunk of Canada, tea-
lliiug thc' marvello'i-) growth of the
Kootenay district und feeling Ihat
with tbo early advent of a new railroad tapping the to-miry, adjacent to
Klko means stilt further expansion,
have opened a branch at tho place
mentioned and we are confident that .
their lutlgmuhl I* U»gii uu * *oxiiit\,*w*,,i*Xu,. U*l SfcluttUy  vtould huv••..x%v.*. siituu uf U-a-u*- tut-y lulu-d. \ui-
the company and the men was of the
most satisfactory character, and that
It was his pleasure to be able tn roport
that tho outlook for the future was n
good one, and thnt work would bo proceeded with continuously.
Clthfir Hrwnti-ort follow.''! and Mien1
itlsn were some who instead of oratory
favored tlio nudlenee with sninr.
Tuesday .evening, the 22nd, u thoroughly enthusiastic crowd of the Noble Ordor of Lent her Puncher-*-, Sficeer
Division, assembled in the parlors ot
tho King Kdwnrd hotel and Inld plans
for tho ensuing year, and tho spirit, ot
do or die wits us thick as fog in London during yio. month of November,
so we would strongly urge the other
teams along the Pass to get In and
grit their tooth If they do not expect,
to'hnvo nil their dreams, rudely Bhnl-
torod..
Mr, .1. McNIchol occupied the chair
ut the meeting In question, and after
various manors of Interest had boon,
more or less Informally dlscusKcd, tho
following officers wore appointed:
James Ashworth, Esq,, Jlonoriiry-
ProHldenl.
Sherwood Horchmor: Hon. Vlco-President.
John L. GntoH, Esq., President.
P. Hughes, Vlce-Prosldont:
Hid Nnwmnn: .Sec-Treasurer.
Commltteo:
Jos. Mitchell
W, lludgo
.1, Heolnii
D. Mitchell
J. M. Stewart
It. Littler
II. I lu r i*
J. Clarke.
Ilefe-rco: Jumos Woods.
Jos- Mitchell was also delegated
to attend the Ciow'h Nost. Pass League
convent Inn which Is slated lo tnko
place on tho IMth at Frank when tho
Bi'hoduk- for the seimon will be nr-
ranged, nnd other mutters appertaining tn the Hpoit dlsetiHsed,
It. Is Indeed u Hfniree of gratification
in report that this club, iilthoiigh It
had an exccedinly heavy outlay last
Hi'iiKiin, nliti'1-*, the furthcoming tnw
with nn iitisoluU'ly clean sheet, and
with 11 membership of over thirty,
which it Is expected will l*> consldnr-
iihly Increased In the near future as
till lovciH of Kooil clean spoil innllsltiK
that their assistance will he appreciated, will nut begrudge tho payment nf
th** on-ifiM fidmlnsinn fen nf ti  to help*
along so worthy a cause,
It u mil) <t*ii to tii„ii- '?»<■ *.*<*i**i*kI-*n
of King Kdwunl Paddy are largely Instrumental for the excellent showing
and not only linn he given both time
nnd attention uuhcKriidgliwIy, but his
genuroslty In waiving a monetary claim
,               ,                                               II   I           .       ■      .1     •       'r, ,.,       |V.|I
.,**      .-..M.)       .1. ..,,'.* ". .J. *	
thi-v club is in Its present enjoyable financial position.
The ledger trusts that tho season
mny be successful for all plnyers. nnd
that the Ideal of every ono will he in
play good, cluin, Blrnlghtforwnrd football, and may the best team win.
ELK LUMBER CO. feUNNINO SOON
foundation.     C   K
manager ln charge
Wlckson is tbe
surely bien highly appreciated by th*- j look of the "angel food" provided. The
author of thli* creation. I receipts were about J'.ir..
It is expected that the buix! »m«s!
•of the big yaws and the whirr of thp
other machinery will he honrd nt the
Klk Lumber Company's plant lu anout
ten day* hence. Then* will be two
shirts running. This Is about a month
fiirtler »han Unl y«.'»r a\xt\ U ueu-s*.
tat*! by the large number of order*
nlready booked. PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNic,
B. C. MARCH 26 1910
Labor   and   Legis
Interesting Items for the Workers in British Columbia and Alberta
LEWIS AND
OPERATORS
PRESIDENT OF U. M. W. TAKES A
FALL OUT OF THE
OPERATORS   ..
A despatch from Cincinnati to The
Mine Workers Journal says:
President Lewis of the United Mine
Workers of America, who has been
playing'a clever game of politics with
the operators of western Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana during the last
few weeks, came to bat during the afternoon session at the Joint conference
yesterday with as clever a move as
could bo well Imagined. Lewis has all
along declined to disclose to any one
his plan of action for tho contest,
* which is now being waged here over
the question of a now wage scale for
the miners for the next two years from
April 1. He* did not give out anything
for publication as to what he was going to do or what he proposed doing.
"I am going to carry on this fight,
in my own way without advising
with any one," he said a few days ago.
"I am not even teljing my associates
anything about what I am .doing. I
have had experience with telling o_t
things in that way and I shall do so
no more." ■
Thus Lewis assumed full responsibility for the success or failure of the
"I say it fs not true," Zerbe shouted. .
" "I don't care what,, Mr. Zerbe says
or thinks about it, I know my statement is true and I have abundant
proof," said Lewis. *   '
And it was right here that Zerbe
fell into the trap which Lewis had
set for him.
"AD coal contracts are made with a
provision that the price may be raised
or 'lowered to' meet Increased or decreased cost of production," he explained.
"Then if your contracts contain this
provision you are fully protected and
you can pay us tho increase wo ask,"
Lewis answered, and the four hundred miners in tho hall cheered and
everybody realized that .Lewis had
scored a point.
With the accusation that he had
made that operators were breaking
faith with each other and the further
accusation that coal contracts were
being made with conditional prices,
the operators looked at each other
in a puzzled manner. Operator Osborne of Cleveland said he was going
to look   into the two matters.
THE UNION OF THE WORKERS
The plan adopted by thc convention
of the United Mine Workers for closer
affiliation with the Western Federation
of Miners, for the entrance of the latter body into the American Federation
of Labor, and for the formation by the
latter of a Mining Trades department
to include all tho mine workers as well
as the workers in allied trades, will be
hailed with joy by every Socialist and
trade unionist in the land. The plan,
has yet to be considered by the convention of the Western Federation of
Miners.' But in view of the constantly growing sentiment and practice   of
. . solidarity between the miners of the
effort of the miners to obtain the in- j Bast and those of the West, between
crease in wages 'which they demand.! the coal and inetal miners the propos-
Lewis has kept his own counsel, Just ^ pian appears to be sure of ratifica-
as he said he would, and the result.
is that no .one knows five minutes
ahead what his next move will be;
This is" earning for him the title, that
one of the' politicians accorded him
of "the best-politician in the whole outfit." "        *,
Sowed Discord Among Operators
But it is believed that a part of the
—Le-wis-campaign—was_disclose_d_>!GS_teii,
day at the afternoon session, when he
sowed a large quantity of discord
among the operators by charging them
with bad faith toward each other,
and offering to prove it., Whether
this is his main point of attack is not
known, but it had its effect, for a time
and the frequent littlo conferences of
the operators indicate that the suspicion among them has not yet subsided.
Tt came about when Lewis was making a speech in support of the demand
of the miners for an incorase in
wages.
■ "I am able to prove," Lewis declared, "thnt the oporators of eastern
Ohio aro competing with 'each other,
and that they nre cutting prices on
each other In order to got business.
I am able to show that. In one case an
operator cut tho price 12 cents a ton
bolow Inst year's price in the same
contract, I can prove also that some
of tho eastern Ohio operators have
made contracts for coal in which they
have Inserted a provision that tho
price may bo raised if tho operators
aro compelled to grant: tho miners an
lpci-aaao In wages."
Half n dozen operators wore on
their feet, in n second. All elnmorod for
recognition und nil hurled denials of
tho statement mndo by Lowls about
the provisions for a ralso in the price
in tho coal contracts.
Zerbe Led Into a Trap
"I deny tho statement," shouted operator J, II. Zorho of Clovolnnd, "Mr,
Lewis cannot, provo Hint, suoh n contract was mado. Wo did not mnko,any
contract which provided for nn Increase In Iho prlco In case wo had to
glvo you a nilno In wnges,"
"I shall produce my proof at tho
proper time nnd placo," Lewis ium.we.r-
oil. "My statement. Is tibsoltitely
true."
tion.
. The adoption and complete carrying
out of this plan will denote progress
in \two equaly important directions., -
,On the one hand it will strengthen
the American Federation of Labor by
the adhesion of so important a ,body
as the Western Federation of Miners;
which has been * tried and tested in
countless battle's with the capitalist
.class. .The_w.estei'j _organiz_ationj\*il_l.
undoubtedly derive weighty material
benefits by stepping out of its isola;'
tion. "Nor do wo entertain, any fear
that the progressive spirit of the
western miners will be lost in the larger body, On the contrary, the progressive elements In the American Fe-
derntion of Labor will gain a great accession of strength and influence. And
above all, there Is nothing that thc
American labor movement, economic
as well as political, stands .In greater
need of than the willing unity and cooperation of all its various elements;
On tho other hand tho formation of
n Mining Trades department. In the
American Federation of Labor, to include all the workers in and about the
mines, will bo a most Important step
in the direction of Industrial unionism.
True enough, this is not going to be
tho "Industrial unionism" of Cloud-
cuckooland, nor; is it going to be an
imitation of French syndicalism. Rather will lt approach tho great industrial unions of Germany, Sweden, and
othor countries in whicli the workers
have organized tlieir unions according
to tho great lines of demarcation that
nro drawn by capitalist Industry Itself.
But, this Is not going to deprive tlio
proposed Mining Trades dopartmont of
any of-Its effectiveness ns a fighting
organization, On tho contrary if wo
look at tho concrete facts of tho labor
movomont, wo shall find that the most
offoctlvo unions of our day nre not tho
'syndicalist' organizations of Frnnce,
nnd Italy, which havo boen hooping
aloof from tho Socialist, parties, but
tho industrial unions of Germany iuul
Sweden, which are ln closest. Intimacy with lho working class political
movomont. It Ih only nocossary to
recall lho splendid exhibition of stubborn proletarian fighting quality lu tho
late Swedish goeiirnl strike iih contrasted with tho fiasco of tho French
postal strike, to become convinced of
the superiority of the, German form ot
organization. In fact, while the "syndicalists" talked general' strike, the
Swedish workers fought it out to its
bitter end, and with no aid to speak
of from the loud mouthed syndicalists.
And the organization of all the mine
workers of America on "industrial"
lines will be sure to lead to the creation of other great industrial unions.—
New York Call.,
A straight, honest,
healthful cream of
tartar baking powder.
Made from Grapes.
*
Contains not a grain
of injurious  ingredient
 .~g-r'-*r
Ba 1#
AM
Baking Fowdek/j
wn     ,^****s^^i_k^B^^ .-^^^^m__i ^P-V^i^
|   H H mm _mjmm__mi
I iir.r ii
1 ORE
.   *^_ _*^_™**,     . . , cm      **r**, PWW
. The House prorogued on Thursday,
March 10th, after sitting for eight
weeks. Take it all round it has boen
a" very interesting session, the most
interesting,, the writer has attended
for the. last three or four years. Any
who thought that, the Opposition would
be a ne-glible quantity because of the
enormous majority against them, had
their expectations swept away by
Hawthornwaite's successful strategy
in capturing the seat of the Opposition
leader for the Socialist party. That
having been accomplished it was a
foregone conclusion tbat if the Socialists could not affect the strength of
their opponents they were at last in a
position , which forced the capitalist
press to at least give fairly decent reports of their doings 'and to that results Socialists will ascribe the chief
value of the position.
The Steam Boilers Inspection''Act
came into Committee on Monday,
March 7,,Parker, Williams proceeded
to criticise its provisions. He attacked
the classification of engineers into
eight classes under the bill, saying
that they would soon be classified
down to the Hindus and asked the reason.
Taylor, Minister of Works, replied
that they had found the provisions for
second,, class certificates unworkable
In the woods where- steam knowledge
was not needed as much as a knowledge of braking, equipment and manner of working. ,
Williams replied that that argument
of the logging companies was not so
•■very important, for a donkey engineer
had to understand all there was about
his engine, iind none could know it
better, and there was no necesiity for
■the-special-additionai---grades-of~eerti_
icates.
He also took exception to the special certificates for locomotive engineers on logging railroads, many of the
locomotives used being equal in power to any one the E. & N. railway and
having heavier grades and curves to
encounter.
> Hawthornwaite asserted that*- a bureau was being built up under the Act
with arbitrary powers, with the engineers entirely under the control of thc
inspectors, a dangerous system of government by Bureau that ought to be
avoided. If no reprosentiitlons had'
been made against the act it was because the mon knew that, if they made
a protest in k meeting of their union
they would have the lower class certificated engineers ngalnst them who
might be prevented from getting a
ticket. '
He challenged investigation of his
statements.    ■    '
Tnylor denied having received any
complaints ns to the arbitrary actions
of tho Inspectors,
Hawthornwaite retorted that he had
novor heard a good word ,for thom
from employers or engineers. * There
woro special rousons why the men did
not complain, The act had beon devised by the Inspectors themselves, who
had built up quito a bureau under lt,
It wnR becoming unbearable, ancl lt
would hnvo to bo supplanted some dny
by a moro reasonable Act, As an in-
Rtnnco of ,'.ho miinnor In which the Inspectors performed tlieir work he referred to tho enso of nn englneor in
Nnnalmo. Although a mnn of thirty
yearn oxporlonco ho had boen compelled to accept a cortlflcnto to run nlo-
comotlvo "for tho Western Fuel Co."
Thoy sometimes talked nbout chattel
slavery, but fancy a mnn bolng tied
down to tlio Western Fuel Co!
Ho had the inspectors hauled boforo the dopartmont for IsHiiing from
100 to BOO temporary oortlflcatos Hint
had boon positively denied'by thom,
until ho hnd produced ovidoneo to
show thoy hnd boon iRHiietl undor tho
namo of povmllH, which notion wiih to-
tnlly Illegal.
Tnylor mild ho would give as closo
nit out Ion iih poHHlhlo to tho matter nnd
hpo If ntopH could nol ho taken to remedy nffiilrs next kphbIoii,
Hnwthornwiillo   then   moved   tho
following nmoniliiHinl uh ii now section
"10: No Ungliiei'i' holding ft certificate
under this   Act (except In case of accident or noi-cHHlty) shnll bo employed
for n longer pi-rlod thnn 8 hours In
any LM hourH,    (21 hourn for thu purpose nf t IiIh net. Hhall moim from midnight, lo midnight,)
Ayes:
WilllnniH
Hnwthornwftllo
HrowHtur
,1 (inline
Nays,
Hhnw
Frnur-ir "'
Manson  (Bkeetm)
VV, .Miuihon
Tlsdall
Miller
JackHon
Cawloy
Dowser
r-,     . ,   ...
V'SJ-.tW*.'.
IlOBH
8hntford
MePhllllpfl
Thomson
Behoflold
nolniHon
Hunter
Young
Taylor
llnywnrd
IMrf-on
The amendment wn» again brought
up on Tuesday nnd defeated when the
mil was tn the report mage, The floe-
lallata and Liberal* voted In favor-—!.
A I'I tbo CoimervnllvcH prosent, 31 voted ngninftt.
The Bush Fir* Aet
TIiIh bill ranched committee on Monday, and Will In mn put up n stiff fight
in the interests of the farmers of the
coast district, who will be more affected than those in the interior and
upper country. He had introduced
an amendment to the act last year to
pjiiv'de fire *-wardjns t(.; engage help
in controlling fire in clearing operations which had been refused, as not
in the power of a private member to
introduce.
The Act stood in the way of the
clearing of land.
If the department refused that aid
thc fires wero likely to start "accidentally." The government Imposed
obligations on the farmers and should
provide that help and put obligations
on the shoulders of owners of adjoining wild land.
Minister of Lands-Ellison, stated he
would be pleased to see any reasonable report.
Williams, proceeding, pointed out
the different conditions that prevailed
on the Coast to those in the rest of
the Province, and the necessity for
special consideration. - The undergrowth was much denser and the
timber" much larger. Fire would often
destroy a stump when a box of powder
would not, and to set fire to a stump
in August would not, in many cases
do  any  harm.
The Department should trust to the
ordinary common sense of the farmer
as they did to that of the campers of
the province.
On Tuesday he moved the following
amendments:
To amend subsection 5 of section 2
by adding the following words at the
end thereof: "Where any farmer or
owner of land neglects or refuses to
obtain such permit he may be held
responsible for any damage that may-
occur to surrounding holdings by the
starting of such fires."
To add the following as a new section to section 2:'    ■
;"6. Any farmer or settler clearing
land adjoining or continguous to land
held as wild lands under the Assessment Act shall, upon satisfying the
Government Agent for the district in
which such lands are situated that his
operations will be .facilitated thereby,
obtain an order from such government
agent requiring the owner.of such
wild land to-clear a satisfactory fire
guard around, or partly around, such
.wild land,"
' To add the following as a new sec-'
tion: "•     ■ ..     -
__ 3. Ejection 10* of'thejsaid chapter 84
of "the"Revise"d"Statutes IB9Tis"K6feby
repealed."
iety. For some, reason (or none)
mutual jealousies often . occurred in
rural centres and one man of a mean
disposition could,'by taking advantage
of that clause in the Act, cast suspicion over a whole, neighborhood. ■
Ayes: Williams,   Hawthornwaite, —
two.
Nays:
Brewster , N '
Jardine '
and all the others except the absentees.
Municipal Clauses Act
On Mondny Hawthornwaite moved
to add the following subsection:
30: From any organization known as
a Citizens Alliance, Development Association, Boosters' club or similar public nuisance, a sum not less than ?1,-
000 every six months."
He attacked those organizations for
misrepresenting conditions in the province and inducing workingmen to
flock into their districts in the hope of
finding the worlc that was not there.
The activities of one of these organizations had done' that for Nanaimo,
and he always sent thejnen who applied to him for help to those people,
but had never heard yet of one getting
work through it.   ;
The amendment might not be competent to deal with the position, but
something had to be done. These
people wore capable of and were doing
considerable harm.      .  ",
.The- amendment was lost, only the
two Socialist members being in favor
of it.
MINISTER  AND  ZAM-BUK
Cured Him of a Bad Sore Which
tied All Other Remedies for
Two Years
De-
The effect.of the first one would be
lo exempt,the farmer from any, legal
liability and to give him sufficient latitude in- starting fires which he
thought- would not be liable to start
others.
Ayes: Williams, Brewster, Jardine
—3'.
Noes—All the Conservatives except
Watson, Fraser, ..McKenzie, Miller,
Bowser, McBride, Thomson, Wm. J.
Manson, Taylor, MacGowan, Mackay—
24. These were absent.
„ The second amendment was an attempts to make owners of wild land
guard against fires. Every movo the
farmer made'rosulted in improving the
value of wild land near him.
The amendment wns lost on the
same division.
The third one was to prevent tho
employment of the informer and spy.
Any scheme wliich relied on that kind
of vermin had better (be done away
with. It must havo been Imported from
Russia or Spain. It might be necessary in tho case of criminals but these
farmers were mon of a different var-
Rev. Charles E. Stafford of Bridge-
burg, Ont., bays: "I had been much
troubled for over two ytars with a
sore on my left chec-k. I iri.-d :\'l kinds
of salves and lotions but nothing, I
procured seemed to have the least bit
of effect ' towards healing the sore.
Hearing of Zam-Buk I decided to give
it a trial and see if it would bring
about a cure as so many other thingo
had ,'failed. I purchased, a. supply
and commenced with the treatment.
After several applications to niy great
joy Zam-Buk -has effected what for
two -years I tried In "vain,   to bring
_V_nl—a_/»_mn1ptn   r-ni'-n "
Case after case could be quoted, .in
which, as in the above instance, Zam-
Buk has worked cures when everything else tried had failed. There is a
reason for this,. Away back in the days
of Roman gladiators, secret . balms
were used: for the healing of cuts arid
injuries sustained in the arena and in
battle. Then came a period during
which<external balms were neglected
followed by a period in which all the
salves and embrocations had"'as their
base animal fats and oils. Zam-Buk
marks a new epoch. It. is absolutely
devoid of all animal fats, all mineral
coloring matters and is composed entirely of rich medicinal herbal extracts.
Skin diseases, such as eczema, ringworm, salt rheum and prairie itch are
speedily overcome by it, For piles it
is fine1—easing the pain and inflammation, and hastening' a cure. It also
cures burns, scalds, cuts, ulcers, children's sores and eruptions, blood poisoning, scratches, old wounds, varicose
ulcers, etc, All druggists and stores
sell at 50c a box or post froo, for
price, from the Zam-Buk Company, Toronto.
45 Steam-Heated Rooms
'*'•   Hot and Cold Baths
«£_?-■'        *'   --;   ]     ■■'■„      /.; ■'
nThe King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
Victoria Ave.
Fernie, B. C
Fernie Livery Co.
,   Building & Excavating. Livery
Draying
■_■__■_
Wood     for     Sale
Sole Agents for Fernie Coal
Prices   moderate   and   satisfaction guaranteed
R.G. White,-
■>*
. Manager
Rizzuto Bros.
Proprietors
HARDWARE
i
l\
A full line of shelf and   heavy   Hardware in stock together  with a
complete range of Stoves
Furniture Department ,
Our Furniture Department embraces the
most unique and up-to-date lines.
, Come in and have a,look '
<•*■-.
\J
J. _>.  QUAIX,              FERNIE, B. C.
- ■  . *        •           -■■--.           '   ,
The reasons why you should buy pro-
perty In Fort George and buy quickly:
Because Fort George I* nearly at the
geographical centre of, B. C. Because
It Is on the line of the G. T. P. half
way between Edmonton and Prlnco
Rupert; because It will be-,the largest
city between Edmonton and Prince'
Rupert, nnd the second largest olty fn
B. C. in a shorter time than any other
Canadian city hat ever been built; because It will be the hub of seven
lines of railway; because It commands
the river navigation of B. C. Now, we
honestly believe that we are offering
you the really great opportunity to participate In the beginning of the last
great metropolis of North America.
Fort George Is not the beginning of •
ttnun; \t t* the hcnlnnlMM of * city,
•nd the foundation of a metropolis.
Prices of lots are within reach of all
classes, and terms very easy. Lou
1150; only $10 down and $10 a monUi.
Remember this It the first call and the
■pr'cfj -n'H) iHi'flrtr*
Call and aee us; we are open In the
evenings.
Andy   Hamilton
Tinsmith and Plumber
We can furnish you with estimates in
anything in our line,
Singer Sewing Machines Co..
Fernie, B. C.
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you
can get one for $3.00 a month ?
' Needles and Oil always kept in stock ,
v I   „ 	
Wm. BARTON, Agt. (North of school) Pellatt Ave.
East Kootenay Realty Co.
Johnston-Falconer Block
Employment Office In Conneotfon Phone 65
of Canada
AS THE HABIT OF SAVING DEVELOPS
1   SO Y0HR WEALTH INCREASES
r
The habit of saving is the sourco of all wealth. After
having learned to doprivo onosolf of something, to
save a dollar ono comus early to appreciate tho value
of monoy and is not so easily led into careless expenses. Tako tho first losson in tho cultivation ofthe
savings habit by depositing one dollar with tho Homo
Bank of Canada* Full compound interest paid at
higost bank rate. :-
James Mason*
General Manager,
John Adair,
Mgr. Fornio.
Advertise in The Ledger THE-DISTRICT LEDGER,.FERNIE,    B..C. MARCH.26 1910
PAGE THREE
IS NEAR
SITUATION  IN COAL FIELDS NOW
1   '  ' «.:     ..        -   ■ ■     •.
APPROACHING AN ACUTE
•  .. .STAGE   ' -
2v
CINCINNATI,  O.,  March    20—The
situation between the miners and operators looks more serious today than
_   at any; stage- of the. game thus, far
-V When the,joint scale* committee of
the-workers and the capitalists began
their session' at the Sinton. hotel it
seemed that there was no hope for a
,   peaceful settlement of the controversy
Jover wages:      It looks like "strike",
•and no mistake.
-■'  C. B. Maurer, a prominent Cleveland
operator  said:— "There  will  be no
agreement or compromise.' Other op
erators bear him out in this assertion.
It looks .very serious.
• Wednesday's session at Central Tur-
. ner hall cost the mine workers of the
country at the rate of $218 a minute;
The convention was called to order nt
-9.23 a.m. by President Lewis, and was
adjourned over to Thursday at 9:4 5
That's 22 minutes of session. The, con
vention is doing nothing but,adjourning from day to day, waiting on the
roport of their scale committee in conference with the bosses.
Convention Cost
The   average convention' of the na
tlonal body costs from 1100,000 to $125*
000. The first cost is about $50,000 for
. general* expenses,   varying   with the
length of the convention and the ses
sions.   Included ln this Is the railroad
fare of the delegates,   which is   paid
■out. of the.national treasury.   The lo
cal unions pay the hotel bills and oth
ed delegates' . expenses amounting to
about $2 a day, and in addition' the
amount of wages the delegate'would
"have earned had he remained at work
'   -at his home.     This makes' the daily
.expenses of the convention about $4,-
800 for .each day the convention is in
■session. ,
.    , Red Buttons There
There is a good sprinkling of "red"
, buttons* throughout'   the convention.
* Many   of the miners' delegates say
the time has come, to decide whether
or not they shall rule thei^ own labors and ' get a yearly increase ■ as is
< their custom.
The operators on the. other hand
state that since' they own the mines,
they are the men to say what the
'- workmen shall receive. Many of the
owners say that if a strike is called
they, can stand that strain better than
to pay- the wages that the workmen
demand.and go into the bankruptcy
■'.courts.' :.''■..        „ '
It * Is, learned that a'meeting of op-
erators probably will be called,within
a few days^. together with representative oporators'from'West Virginia, so
 ^that_Jn^caRe_a,stuike_is^called_the_Illi-,
nols, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania
owners will not really suffer through
the activities of their West Virginia
opponents. '* "
Have Coal Laid By
•   The   operators have frequently said
.' within the last few days that they
are not afraid of the encroachments
of the-West Virginia mines and that
they have now enough coal.laid by
. to stem the demands upon them for
several months.
The miners on the other hand, say a
striko at this time would mean tho
ruin of many properties In this state,
and to this the operators have replied
with the statement that If this is true
then" the men in the Ohio mines ought
to stick to their jobs and be sure of
them.
THE INVESTIGATION WILL NOT
CONVICT
In tho explosion thnt. took place at
tho Primero mlno January 31st In
which explosion nearly 100 lives were
lost, there' has yet boen no definite
steps taken to punish I hoso. who wero
guilty of culpublo negligence. The
coal mlno Inspector vialtod tho slaughter pen of tho Colorado Fuol and Iron
Company, and after going through the
formality of an -InvcBtlKntlon, drafted
a < roport which was submitted to tho
governor of tho state of Colorado.
' Tho, coal mlno Inspector In IiIb report tb tho governor blames tho explosion to tho accumulation of dimt and
gontly chides tho C, P.'and I. Company
for fulling to sprinkle tho dust that
resultuil In nn oxploslon which hurled
Into eternity nearly ono hundred rain-
era and loft widows and orphans   to
, fight tho battles of lifo without hus-
bniids nnd futhors.
It has boen openly charged that tho
present conl mine Inspector Is but n
tool In tho hands of Iho mlno operators
nnd that ho owes his appointment to
tho Influence of tho mlno oporators, If
thnt chnrgo Is truo, and thoro Is no ovidoneo to disprove It, thon It cannot bo
oxpoctod thnt a mlno inspector nppolntod through tho political powor of
corporation**! nnd pledged to tho Inter-
qmIh of thono corporations, will submit
< n report thnt brings nn Indictment
agnlriHt tho combinations which hnvo
mndo It poBululo for him to rucum n
poHltlon under tho stato administration
—such nn Inspector niunt servo hin
miiHtfli'H, niul though minors are murdered In thn bowels of tho onrth
through tho nlKgnnlly economy of the
mlno oi)oi'iitoi*H, yot. a mlno Inipcctor
mortKiiK-)'! to tho Interests of exploit-
ors must ignoro tho safety of tho human bolng whose povorty dooms him
to tho black dungeons of tho onrth,
«*,   Thu mlno limpuclor, being n coipor-
ate chattel mid holding a job thnt was
>   HQcur-nl through tho poll teal Influence
wielded hy the C, F. & I company nnd
V-.Mi.i-    vwl-iil_.fi*'    o^v^f>vn*'I■»*h*i r»     •wi H 01    b-rti'
to thrilr will and muat render only auch
Bcvrtco ns will meut th« approbation
of those who command and retain appointments for political fllavos.
Edwin V. Drake, tho slate labor commissioner, haa likewise mado an Investigation und submitted a roport thut
places the^blame where it helongs. The
labor commissioner does not belong to
the C. F. & I. Company and has the
courage to .bring in a. verdict against,
this corporation which may lead to the
calling of a grand jury.
But if a grand jury is.called and witnesses are ■ summoned to. give testimony, it can readily be seen that* such
witnesses will be more or less intimidated by the magnitude of the economic
power of the Colorado Fuel and Iron
Company. ,,     '*,
The man who lives within the domain ruled .by the C. F. and I. Co., if
called as a witness and speaks the
truth, will become a marked man and
will be forced through the pressure of
this corporation to take..his exit and
seek-a more congenial "clime outside
.the realm where the C. F. and I. reigns
as absolute .monarch. '    .'
* Again, the men on the grand jury
will be no more Independent than the
witnesses that* may be summoned to
give testimony. -They, too, will be
dominated by the fear that if an indict-,
ment is rendered that puts the stain of
blood on this corporation,"they will
likewise become the victims bf corporate persecution. The Colorado Fuel
and Iron company seems to be above
the law in the state of Colorado, and
can go on murdering slaves in its various Industries with no power,vested
in, the state to, halt the carnival of
murder that Is perpetrated through the
greed for dividends.   ^
GOT $3,000
DAMAGES
FOREIGNER   INJURED  IN C.  N, R.
SHOPS WINS HIS CASE WITH
THE COMPANY
; (Winnipeg Free Press)
■ : M. Zorbosky, a blacksmith,, was
awarded $3000 by the jury at the civil
assizes yesterday for injuries sustained while in the employ of the Canadian
Northern Railroad.      ■
The plaintiff was employed at the
C.N.R. shops and was called upon by
his foreman to help in moving a locomotive.on the .turntable. In performing ■* this work he was seriously •• injured, having three toes of his left foot
cut off, and the foot badly damaged.
The case was' remarkable on account
of the defence which the railway company raised at the eleventh hour. The
.company contended that the plaintiff
was a volunteer, in going on the platform to assist in pulling the locomotive, he having received no orders to
do so. In support of this * contention
the defendants took the unusual way
of' calling evidence to contradict , the
statement made by William Smith, the
general foreman; When ■ examined as
an officer of the company on discovery
,Smith-had stated on the 8th of March
jastM-hat the plaintiff was lawfully on'
the*platform and"ln~.he discharge of"
his duties at the) time of the" accident. It further transpired from the
evidence that it was usual for r tho
foreman of the transfer table when
short of men to request the foreman
of the section of the shop into which
the locomotive was. to be moved to
supply help. It was also shown that
according to tho information obtained
by Smith one hour after the accident,
the locomotive was to be shunted Into
tho section of Foreman Foote, who was
the foreman of the plaintiff ln the
case.   ,
All these statements were made by
Smith, as an officer of tho company
at the examination on discovery, but
at the trial Smith himself and a number of witnesses who wero put into the
box In an attempt to show that the
plaintiff waR a voluntoer—a dofenco
which tho compnny had not pleaded
and of which the plaintiff had not notico until the opening of the defendants' case. The plaintiff, howovor,
swore that ho was ordered by his fore-
map, Foote, to go on the platform to
assist the laborers to pull the locomotive   „
Mr.-Justice Richards, In addressing
tho jury, threw considerable doubt on
tho ovidoneo glvon for tho company,
especially that of tho witness Smith,
which he auld to say tho least, wns
suspicious.
Ills Lordship submitted flvo questions to tho jury, which woro as follows:
"Old SJorborsky on the occasion on
wliich ho was Injured go to work on
tho tahlo tn ohedlenco to tho ordors
of someone In tho company's employment, whoso ordors ho-was roqulrod
to obey?"
To which tho jury answored In tho
affirmative.
"Wus tho Injury to ZorborBky tho
result of nogllgonco on tho pnrt of tho
compnny?"
To which tho jury nlao iinawered
"Yos."
"If so. of whnt did that negllgonco
COIlBlSt?"
Tho Jury replied "In not sufficiently
gunrdlng the whools and otherwise
safeguarding the men employed ou the
transfer tnblo,''
"Wns Zorborsky himself guilty of
.negllgeiicj?"
A newer "No."
"If Zorborsky wns ontltlod to recover compuiiHntlon from the company, at
whnt do you nHsoss tho compensnt-
Ion?"
"At $3000."
Which wns tho nmount whleh tho
plaintiff claimed. W, M. Crlchton nnd
K. A. Cohen appeared for the plaintiff
nnd O. II. Clark K, C. for tho defondnnt
compnny,
 _ ma>
lOdwurd I'uyHon Weston enjoys a ro-
putntlon as n pedestrian thnt ho Ih
likely to have surpassed ore long If
Ooorgo llnrton, proprietor of tho Emp-
re?" Tr"Tl,c,f'**r ■^■flMT-'U*''-'' ^'TlV,!^" ?*,'/''!a
stunts afl ho undertook during the past
wook. in Beared of horses. Uwirge
comes from Lancashire and not from
Yorkshire*. He wna out buying horse*
—not borrowing thom—this bolng tho
chnroctorlstlc difference of traits between natives of tho two uhlreu.
ii
Why Take Alcohol?
Arc you thin, pale, easily tired, laek your usual vigor and
strength? Then your digestion must be poor, your blood
thin, your nerves weak. You need a tonic and alterative.
You need Ayer's Sarsapariila, the only Sarsapariila entirely
free from alcohol. We believe your doctor would endorse
these statements, or we would not make them. Ask him
and find out.   Follow his advice.    /...^(Ta.WJU-W
'tha mdoncment oi your doctor win c«rt>*m V frtaffy IncretM yew wnMma In Aysr's
fftuabmUybxithfc.  LWtrpffli. Alt -wgiUbW. Aik your doctor kbool Hum.
******,**(******************
Old Age |
Pensions _
I - ' ■ *
* Bill is Passed in France $
■k******kkkkkkkkkk****irkk**
PARIS, March 19.—The - Old Age
Pensions" bill, which has been before
the upper house for more than two
years, was unanimously voted last
night by the senate. There will be a
second, r.eading of' the bill, which, before it becomes law, must be submitted once more to the chamber of deputies. . In view of the fact that the
elections . are so close at hand and
that the Radical party, wliich has prudently decided to shelve the Income
tax bill for the present, is' bound to
confront the constituencies with some
positive proof that it has not wasted
rheir time during the four years it
has been in power, it seems certain
that the pensions bill will become law
during the present legislative period.
The bill as adopted by the Senate
bears little resemblance to that which
was sent up by the lower house. Neither the promoters of the biirnor.ho
chamber of deputies had provided in
the bill for the necessary means of putting it into operation. In the opinion
of the senate the question as to where
the money was to come from was practically left untouched and unsolved!
Tho committee of the senate decided
that the original scheme was impracticable and that the only thing to be
done was to draw up a pill of its own.
The government, was aided in its ef:
forts to convert, the senate to a sense
of the necessity of ,a workmen's and
old ago pensions bill by a new re-*
emit in the upper house, one of the,
most eminent statesmen of the republic, M. Rtbot.' He rendered signal service to the minister of Labor, M. Vivian! In defending the principle of obligatory contribution on the part of the
masters and of the workmen, as well
as the principle of capitalization of
the contributions of both parties.
,   M. Viviani's Arguments t   ..
The minister has Insisted before.the
senate on the principle of obligation,
in the case of workmen on the ground
of their well known tendency to take
no thought for the morrow and of the
moral'Influence of'> such systematic
thrift as would be imposed by,this bill.
In the case of employers M. Vivianl
argued that It was only natural that
they should aid by their contributions
those who contributed by their labor
to the production of wealth. The principle of obligatory contribution by, the
state was justified on the ground that
masters and workmen cc-operated In
the increase of the national resources.
The principle of capitalization of the
money to be derived from both parties,
the employers and the men, was defended by M. Vlviani as: constituting
the only sound basis for so vast an insurance system, as is provided by the
present measure.     , ■
It was also the only basis, he added
wliich could offer satisfactory guar-
antees=to*al-*onrt!es~concerned .nclud-^
Ing,the state.. He was also'compelled
to argue this question because the capitalization of the insurance funds was
considered by some of his political
friends to be contrary to the true principles of socialism.
Features of Measure
Some 17 millions of Frenchmen and
Frenchwomen ' are interested in the
adoption of this bill. All wage earners
of both sexes, with tho exception of
railway servants, miners and those of
the seafaring population, who are on
the special reserve list • of the navy,
como under the operation of the bill,
as well as the more needy small landowners, tenant farmers and farm laborers.
All those who 'aro entitled to a
"rente" calculated on the basis' of the
total of their obligatory contributions
will receive lt, together with n fixed
"vlagere" or Btate annuity from tho
government whan thoy attain the age
of 65, but they will be entitled to claim
the "ronto" on a proportionately reduced scnlo and without the ■,viago****o" at
tho ngo of 55. , ,
The male pensioner's contribution
Is fixed at 9f annually or nbout 7M>d
por month; that of the female Is about
Of., and that of boys under 18 al 50c.
In each caso the snmo sum la to he
contributed by the employers, On pay
day, tho employer Is authorized to deduct the weekly amount of the contribution from tho wages of each of his
employees nnd obliged to affix to nn
old age pension card with which tho
employoos nre to be provided by tho
state n stamp of tho totnl vnluo of his
own nnd their contributions In each
caso,
In order to have a right to n pension n mau or working mnn or woman must hnve boen n wngoonrnor
for 30 years, but ho ennnot. count on
stato nsftltnncn until ho has ronched
tho ago of OR. At that porlod IiIb pensions Including tho annuity of 60f
($12) to be paid to him from tho state,
will amount In the most favornblo clr-
cumstancoB to nbout 4Hf ( about $83)
Friendly Societies
In framing thc present bill the
Honuto hnfl taken grout jinlm* nnt to
Intorforo with tho microHRful (level-
opnwnt of tho friendly or mutual nld
BOcletloR which hnvo nttnlneil such
Importance In this country, ThoHo
noclotlcit whon npprovi-il hy tho government, nro to bo allowed to collect
the contributions of their mumhr-Tfl under the pension scheme nnd they will
he Indoinnlflivl for their troublo liy receiving n government nllownnco of 1f.
r>0o. for oach porson toutrlt'uilntf
through thoir agency, tho robnle to bo
dovoled to the reduction of the hoc-
ioty'H sick fund by thu nmount of the
robnto, Similar nrrnngenients will ho
mado In thc intoreBt of lho cxlntlng
omployiwn nnd worltmon'H mutual aid
Boclotlon and thu trade union Inmiranco
HOt'lotles.
■MINERS DEMANDS
Conference of Operators and Miners—
Dlnpute Left to Committee
CINCINNATI March 21—Thflre can
bo no final determination bptwo-nn tlin
mlno owners and mlno workers of tho
United Stutes until noxt week. Tbo
Joint conference of tho oporators and
miners of tho central competitive field
have placed tho- entire mattor In tho
hands of the Joint committee. That
commlttf* hnn referred to Its own sub-
coiUMUU't* -idiuunihiK until Monday lu
await the re-port. i
It Is admitted that it no aicrocmont
coats from the vab-c-ornralttee then
the national convention nf tho United
Minn Workers of America will deter-
talne, what t-cUoft th# miners «_ou1-1
take.
Th» miner* convention had a brief
nestlon today.
TALES PROM,THE GOLDEN,WEST
Make
Home Sweet Home
With
Golden West Washing Powder
It Cleanses—Purifies—Beautifies
And the Premiums are Fine
Doslgii protected by Copyright,
■BM_BHGBB__H__I
*****.
I.********.** i
f.***************
*
° "      *
Sunday School d
Suggesti7je
■t
kr*
<r
}uestions   *
On the Lesson by the Rev. Dr. Linscott for the International    J
Newspaper Bible Study Olub.   ——~—■—■—————«—     _
trk**********kAkkkkkki\kkkkkkkkkkkkkk*kk
MARCH 27 1910
Review. u
Golden Text. 'Jesus went about all
Galilee, teaching In their,synagogues,
and preaching'the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness, and all manner of disease among
the people. Matt. 4: 23.
The following may be used as a new
and complete lesson, or a a review of
the twelve preceding'lessons:
The date and title of each past Lesson where found, the Golden Text, and
one question from each lesson* follow: ■ - *
Jan. 2.—John, the Forerunner of
Jesus., Matthew , 3: 1-12. Golden
Text. The,voice of one crying in the
wilderness. Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make his paths straight. , Mat-
3:3.    '   - y- ■;' '■_.'.  ' ■■■■■
' .Verse 12.—What reason* is there for
the belief that meii ancL women make
APRIL 3 1910
The Power of"Faith. Matthew 9:
18-34. ■     ,    .  .
Golden Text. All things are possible
to him* that believeth."    Mark 9:23,
Verse 1%—How do you account for
his man's extraordinary faith?
. Would it be possible or not for a
man who is not a follower of Jesus-to
have such a faith as this?
What is faith caused by, or based
upon? Is it a matter of evidence or
a result of deep reasoning, or is it a
divine impartation possibleTonly to
Jhose_wJio_are_spj_tual,,or-_what?,
' Jan. 9—The Baptism and Temptation
of Jesus. Matthew 3: 13-17: 4: 1-11.'
Golden Text. In that he hath suffered being tempted, he is able to sin.
cor them that are tempted. ■ Hebrews
2:18. ..„,      .    ■..
Verses 13, 14—What light have we
to guide us in our decisions which is
superior to reason?
Jan. 16.—The Beginning of'the Galilean Ministry.—Matthew 4: 12-25;' Golden Text. The people who sat ln
darkness saw great light. * Matthew
4:16.
Verses 18-22—How may a man of
God recognize the call of God, to new
work, when it comes through anothor
man?
Jan, 23—True Blessedness. Matthew.
5: 1-16. Golden Text. Blessed nro
the pure in heart for they shall seo
God. Mntt. 5:8.
Vorso 3—What ln the Inst analysis
Is tho essential qualification for bolng
a subject of the kingdom of God on
earth? '
Jan. 30—Some Laws of the Kingdom
Matthew. 5: 17-26, 38-48. Golden Text,
Do ye therefore perfect ns your Fnthor
which Is* In heaven Is porfoct. Matt.
5:48,
Verses 17-20.—How many persons
cnn you rocall from tho scrlptureu or
otherwise, who did tho perfect will
of God on earth?
Fob. 6.—Almsgiving and Prayer.:—
Matthew 6:, 1-15, Golden Text. Take
hood that yo do not your righteousness
beforo men to bo soen of them, Matt.
6: 1 (n.V.)
VerBoa 5, 6:— Why does Josus bo
strongly recommend prlvnto prayer,
nnd what aro Its ndvnntagcB?
Feb, 13,—Worldliness and Trust, —
Mntthow 0: 19-31, Golden Text. Seek
ye first tlio kingdom of God and his
righteousness and nil these thlngfl
shnll bn nddod unto you, Matthew:
0:33.
Vorue 10.—Whnt would Jobub havo
overy mnn to consider na hin chief
'tronBtire?' See vorso 33.
Feb, 20.—-The Golden Text.—Temperance Lesson,—Mntt. 7: 1-12. Golden
Text.—Thoroforo nil things whatsooyor
yo would that men Bhould do to you,
do yo oven so to tliem, for UiIh Is tho
law nud tho prophetB. Mntthow; 7:
j*.
Versea 1, 2-~When mon condemn
otherB on more hiib|'I<'Ioii, whnt Ih generally lho renl ground of their condemnation?
Feb. 27.—False and True Disciple-
ship. Matthow 7: 1.--29. Golden Toxt.
Not ovory ono that mill.h unto mo, Lord
I-ord, Hhnll enter into thn kingdom of
i j.*    .*.,*,   ..   .,       ,.,   .
hUKH|     l/Ml     .tt.     lltli,    *M</4.t*.»     .Ml      ,1 ,.,     O*
my Fnther which U In he-wen, Mntt,
7:21.
Verses 13, 14,—In what sottso Is tho
gau- of otunml llftt narrow and the
way to dtiHtruutlan broad?
March 5.—Jems the Healer.    Matt.
ft-, i-i i.     Viiin'ji-n  ii-.i'i,,      liiUmi-il hk-k
our Infirmities and bare our alckness.
Mntt. 8:17. ■■
Voritfia 6. 7.—8o far na the rflconl*
show, Jesus whilo In the flesh, healed
nil the alrk one* thnl worn brought
to him, Is that sufficient to provo that
ht -will do thc fliiuv: today?
March 13.—Two Mighty Works. Matthew $-. SUt. OoM'*n Text. Wbat
manner of man Is thin, that even Dw
winds and the sea obey blm! M»tih»>w
S.S".
Verse 27-—Whleh would be of th«
greater benefit to mankind for Qod to
run the universe,, and the affairs ef
nuk-A on fund Laws, t( by miracles?
Thla que*tlon must b« answer-*! In
writing by the members of the club.
March 20.—A Paralytic Forgiven and
Healed.—Matt. 9: 1-13. Golden Text.
The Son of Man hath power on earth
to forgive sins.     Matthew 9:6.
Verse 2.—Of what avail Is the faith
of one man on behalf of another?
'   Lesson for Sunday, April 3rd, 1910:
The Power of Faith.     Matthew 9:—
18:34.
(This question must be answered in
writing by the members of the club.)
Verse 19—Did Jesus, while In the
flesh ever refuse any request for help,
and how is he today ln that particular?
Give your views as.to whether it is
possible for a person to be a true
Christian, who is not as willing to
help those' who are ln need as Jesus
was?
Verses 20, 21—How do you harmonize, with the goodness of God the fact
that there aro so many incurable diseases, in great pain all the time, dying
a living death, much like this poor woman?,,
If all such sufferers would come to
Josus now In faith, like this poor woman did, would It be his will to always
cure them as he did then?
It was a noble faith thnt this woman
hnd in believing Bhe would be cured
by touching his garment, but, is there'
reason to believe thnt slm could hnve
beon curod without touching him nt
nil?
Wns it the touch tlmt cured her or
the conscious consent, a nil powor of
Josus? '   ,
Verne 22—Josus knows nnd sees nil
who would com© to hlm for help, nnd
nlwnys welcomes nnd helps each ono
who comes, why then do so many
hesitate or noglect to como to him?
Verses 23, 24—It appears It was n
cuBtom.to play mournful music when
death entered a home, and for friends
to mnke a gront lamentation; please
say whether thla hnrmonlzoB with tho
teachings of Jobub nnrt whether In
this nine his words wero monnt for n
robuko?
Why Is not mournful music, ihe
wearing of mourning, tho giving wny
to violent grlof nnd othor almllnr hon-
thonlsh cuBtoms, when friends dio, dis-
plniiBlng to God?
Cnn you glvo any exnmploB of Jckuh
using wnnlH with two nr moro nu'im-
lugs, mid in such n way thut only those
Who were lioueat. hearted'could uml-'i*-
stand whnt he monnt?
Vcrao un—Why did Johiih put thn
pooplo out beforo ho raised this young
woman to life?
Wiih It pusHlblo for Johub, nnd Ih It
poHHlblo for nny follower of Ji.-huh to
work effort willy In tho proHonni' of
flr-ornoi'H?
Verno 26,-Why did tho world re-Jed
•It wis, noiwItliHtniidiiig IiIh great fnmo
is u loving toai'lu'i' with mnrv.-loii-i
wcikImi' working power?
VersuH 27-29—How did tliem* two
blind men know thnt Johiih wiih Uic
hom of Ilnvld?
Do nil men nwd to cry fnr mercy,
nnd why?
Would JcHUK linvt*. IiciiIimI Umih.,
blind men if thoy did not Imvu fnith
that ho could do ho?
What part dooH faith piny lu the
i-nn porn ry nnd Hplrltunl pmgrcflH of
men lodny?
VorsoB 30, 31—Why did Jobub forbid
thom  trrim  tn1ttrn» nf IM-*-  »«lrnr,1n»
!    Old they do right to toll it, Hfc'liiR
that Jtii.Ua   hid  ru'llU'dtl'd   lIll'IU   no to
do so?
Which Is tho right thing to do. follow our good Impulsra, or obey God,
whi'ii llu'i+t- are conlrnry tho ono to lhe
other iih In thlu case?
»'.,.'. a ,'.'...,     j^*»,» by*:,,,  i.'t. i.iv: i\,
ouo continuous work of hwUIng all
manner of iII«_»hoh and doing good;
In wlml measure nre wr» to follow his
example?
Why wns It that the more good he
did, nnd the more clenrly he demon-
xirnttil IiIh claim aa the sent of Cod,
Ms...* ni'.ii" th-** PharUcfA luUd lilm?
Lf-sson for Sunday, April 10th, i»|u:
The MlBBlon of the Twelve. Matrheu-
U*.:»r.-JO;  l.V 40-42.
THE   CANADIAN   BANK
OF COMMERCE
HEAD OFFICE TORONTO
B. E. WALKER, President
ALEXANDER  LAIRD, Gen. Manager.
ESTABLISHED  1867
Paid-up Capital   $10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and England
COUNTRY   BUSINESS    EVGry fil0illty afforfcd to toraxen and otters for tlie transaction of   their banking
business.   Sales notes will be cashed or taken for collection.
BANKING  BY   MAIL Acco"n,Vi u,ay beopened by mail and monies
deposited   or   withdrawn   in this wav with
equal facility. .
L. A. S.  DACK, Manager, Fernie.
!
L  E  N  T
You can get many kinds of Fish at our Store
Fresh Salmon
Fresh  Halibut    ',
Fresh Smelts
Fresh Herrings ,
Fresh Oysters
Salt Cod
Smoked Salmon
Smoked Halibut
Finnan Haddie
Kippers
Bloaters
Holland Herring
All these are choice stock and sure to please
P.   BURNS & CO.,   Limited
Wholesale and Retail Meat Merchants
2 The 41 Market Co.
_
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
I    Now in Our New Stand
We beg to announce to our many customers that we'! have re-
moved toj)_urAew_b^ildlngacrossfi-Qm_King-^FHwarH__Hotg!
where we will be pleased to meet our old customers and   new
ones.
New   Stand
a Full Line of Men's Furnishings
Mens Suits $5.00
Working Shirts 50     Dress Shirts SOc
We carry a complete line of Ladies' Ready-to-Wear ,
Shirt Waists/Underskirts, and Whitewear
KEFOURY   BROS.
Noxt to WlRwnni Cniidy .Htoro
Noxt to Nortlii-rn Hotol
THINK     RIGHT
ABOUT   A   PIANO
A piano, ils .nmkur and marwialH.
Tho nulla'!' who thinks ri^'lit. will uso
IJKST" iiiiifiu-iulu nnd giriilcst. skill----
dints n Jloint/nmn, You cnn ^ft.
tho mil article and at tho sumo timo
bu usod rijjlit in tho mattor of prion
and tonus at tho
HEINTZMAN   PIANO   PARLORS
M. W. Elley, District Mgr,
GRAND OPERA  HOUSE   BLOCK
t
♦♦♦4m
| Tbo hum tram th* kuMr/tRHi'-M l-*.,
j tha aiiiioiincomoat that they inlcn-l '■
Iformlnrr n mllltJirjr (not mllHrir-ryr
U-orjv-t. It ctvatmnDnf a b»l#J!!mi v,f
j m**ri» m«'n am! ■ tht»lr inimiwHv**
rninndfrt thf bitR**-* mil "ro arm*,'"
v-hM could the poor men dot
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwitr, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
OPEN DAV and NIGHT
FOR    SALE
7 Roomed House
A    BARGAIN
7 roomed house with bathroom, lor. ao by 120, on
MacPherson Ave. Cash
$1650, or with furniture
complete, $1000,        Apply
Spalding's Studio
Victoria Avenue il
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C. MARCH 26 1910
OFFICIAL ORGAN DISTRICT 18,* U. M. W. of A.
Published every Saturday morning at Us office, Pel-
*-i i
latt Avenue,.pernie,.B.C.. Subscription $1.00 per year in
advanc-e. An excellent advertising medium. Largest
circulation-in-the District.-- Advertising rates on application..- Up-to-date facilities.for. the . execution of. all
kinds of book, job and coloi*$ work.     Mail orders receive
;    ' ■   . i-   -.'.- <■■,'"■ -■     •''*-   ,*'< '":  .        £.,-"
special-attention. ;.' Address! all communications', to The
District Ledger. ...
. ,,..      J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
TELEPHONE NO. 48 POST OFFICE BOX N9- •?
MINERS  DOING  WELL
HIGH WAGES AND SHORT HOURS IN THE CROW'S
NEST ■
Some of the Meii Making Two Hundred and Fifty Dollars
a Month—Surprising Statement of Wealth of, the
District.
(Special Despatch, to ■ The Globe.)
'Frank, Alta., March. 18—Miners in the Crow's Nest
Pass are receiving now the highest wages for the shortest number of hours of' any place in America. Many of
them,are earning from 5.150 to?250 per month, and, were
it not fpr drunkenness they would be the most prosperous laboring population in the world. .. .■ ^
' Twelve million dollars are invested in coal mines
in this-section, and this, with kindred industries, brings
,the'capitalization of the industries.., here, up to twenty
millions, figures -.which really startle and surprise those
who'do hob know the'wealth-of the Crow's* Nest ...-Pass1
district..<'.'The outp,ut...ot,the,.-*Fjfani':..mines is-averaging
about five thousand tons per day.—Toronto Globe.
s'Who steals my purse' steal's trash', but he ■ that
flicheS'-frtin(!''m*!3-:my*-g6b'd"-idame'-takes that, which.-enriches
not him, but leaves me poor indeed."- -  ■
We do .not know'Jf the above mendacious aespatch to
.The Toronto Globe was • sent by-one obsessed by a malevolent spirit? "actuated1 'by motives of'a_ purely sordid
character, of which a small compensation in the form of
a few'paltry doiia'rs is, "the, concrete expression; or* perhaps, and let'iis'-be-charitable aud attribute,'this iniquitous perversion of the truth, to.,the-fact, that its author
has practically outlived his usefulness, and with'an in-'
There are Instances of men who have on certain
months received very high wages, even larger sums
tjian th'dse:'mentioned, butrtti©-* most convincing*, evidence
of the'deliberate intent-to mislead'can be shown, by.re-
ference to, the'compehsation paid.to men who are com-
pelled to be idle because of having suffered injury,
whilst in the discharge of their duties. Their *fl-.eekly
av-erage pay for a specified time prior to the .'date of the.
accident forms the basis upon which weekly compensation is computed, and. in .but few instances, do men receive, more than,'510 per week, thus. demonstrating that
the maximum wages paid-range in the neighborhood of
520.00. The tew individuals who do occasionaly get
these extraordinary large monthly, pay envelopes are
working on the contract system. r
Further evidence that may be adduced In substantiation-of the truth of ".these assertions is found in the fact
that a vice-principal^ who must pass a very difficult government examination,    would not be ' satisfied with a
monthly sa'lary less" than what this correspondent stated
is the average paid to a mirier.    To explain: The average monthly remuneration of a fire-boss, who must before he officiates in that.capacity, go before a board of
examiners, and in addition to having at least three years'
practical experience in or about a mino, have a good
technical knowledge of gases, timbering, use of explosives,' etc., is about 5105 a month, and the eight-hour system Is not operative in his case; neither is it in the case
of a .pit-boss or overman % who receives an average of
about 5150 per month, and is subject to a still more rigid
examination in addition to his practical experience.
*.; • Tho question of the amount of capital invested is of
but little moment to us, but the figures of tho output of
the Frank mines averaging about five thousand tons'daily,
must also be a surprise to those who have some conception of the, resources of the Crow's Nest Pass.     However
this, like the other statements is-somewhat far wide of
the mark, but'-with this difference is not likely to work
an irreparable/injury.upon anyone, nor be the means of
Letter Box
The editor is riot responsible for
opinions of, correspondents:*•,..
k
AN   EXPLANATION
causing an Influx of men into a district because of accept-
■'' _>' "        •
ing as tnje.Ua|j story regarding the average-(?)'-wage.
Men*'Ontiw caliber ought lo have their names pub-
- i . *--,        **'■ * ,
lished.'ahd'W$ertalnly would suggest that hereafter the
staid"old .Globe accept his copy.'.'Cum grano sails," and
(,»>*,.■ ,..-• ...   ■'.,*     "I*] • '
;that'.tha'gran6'oe about the size of an ordinary potato.
-   • -   ,i-.-- ■ *       .   * *   -
ARBITRATOR VS. AUDITOR
lis.
.it*
I-"'
tcilect 7ast approaching senility his WoughtTTeverrTo"
the days of childhood,; but still; possessing*^ glimmering
of self-consciousness, eschews the use bf liquid mud,
while gloating over the fact that through the printed
page he can disport ,his,,mean proclivities, in casting reflections of w',absolutely-),sU**?xy„ stjgky,, piuddy. .consistency upon a body of men who, when it is necessary tb
get their, votes, every kind of cajolery and' blandishment
Is used, and they are lauded as but little removed from
paragons.,., Jipweyer,„the men of the Pass, often deluded
by the .*'• Woif'''Ttb^ thoyvdo
not succumb so readily, moreover do not hesitate to inform this tj-pe of gentry.'that.their eyes are opened. v*>.
To us" the purpose of'this report-is tb prejudice the
minds of tho general'public against, the, miners In the
event of a dlsputo arising, and as the time Is close ht
hand when a newiagreement is to be signed it has much
tho appearance, of an attempt to follow the tactics of the
shyster, lawyer; "If, you have nb case, badger tho witness
and throw m—d," and turning'sympathy from the men
by the promulgating of false Ideas, aid In their defeat.
Such reprehensible measures are vory likely to have a
boornrrnnR effect because there aro means whereby thoy
.may be so strongly refuted as'to lonvo'no room for argu-
' ment In tho minds-of all open to honest conviction.,
Immediately upon reading this wc Interviewed the
police at Frank,*by whom wo we're courteously furnished
with Information refutlngjn, toto Dw aspersions coHt up-
on the miners of tho Frank, district, and liifitoad of the
minors of that vicinity bolng greatly addicted to drunk-
■ ennoHH wo nre safo In sayliiR thnt their Hhowingls especially good, and Mil, compare very fnvornbly with any locality no matter whothor sltuntcd In tho"Bast or In tho
Wost, This Is tho polico record for tho, past THREE
MONTH8!
,, "THERE HAVE BEEN BUT TWELVE CA8E8 . '
OF ALL KINDS CHARGED AGAINST MINER8
THROUGHOUT THIS    DISTRICT,   AND   FOR
'      THE    PAST    SIX    MONTHS    ONLY    EIGHT
CA8E8   OF     DRUNKENNES8   HAVE    BEEN
CHARGED AGAIN8T MINER8. "
ThlH Ik ox-pii'rtb-.toHtlmnny furnished hy lho police
mithoritk'H, whoso rod-coat cd roprom'nlntlvoH me rocoR-
11I7.01I ovorywhoro am fwirloHH In tlm dlschnrKO of their
dull.'H, who undor no clrcinnHtniu:on ItttowliiBly penult In-
fr'acttonH of the law.
Thn Prunk dlvlnlon Include* Hlllcrwil, PaHHburK,
IMlPvui'i lllnlrmoro, and Lllloi and whllHt1 wo do not in-
mud to convoy lho ImproHnlon that minora are unythliiK
■ but human bolng**, ,we will, ho to tipi-uk, on thU ncore,
vc"t mir inion with nnv rli»ht thlnVtnp porwon, who, after
rt-in*hlrif! rrm-ipT-.rlv.on, fn«■**.*•: rr-nch D\t> ennf-liiBlcm that-th-*******'
mon hav<« been foully 'miillgucd, und thut thi.'1tntdua*r la
a fit fiiibjott for conti-mpt.
Wo mny also add that on a ruumt vlnlt to tho polnta
nii'iitlnnoil tbnt thr* proprii'inrH of s.'-vcrnl of the hotel.**,
complnlnrd of the ulackriMH of trado because, us thoy
nvorrort, tho mon who wore coming Into tho dlHtrlcl for
tho past two yonr*. hnd boon moro Inclined to ahHtomlouH
haliltH thnn tho old tlmcrR, who was eo much In ovidoneo
In "tho good old dnyH," nnd whllHt, of courno, tho hotol
mnn ni»y bo deemed a poor wltneau hy some people,, bi-
crtiiHn nf pv>rHonnl IntfH'Ht, jwt'ln thlH ram» he rortnlnly
Iiuh strong corroborativo vi-rlHinilliliidt* by tho police re-
rordu quotf-d.
Now, h»vlng nalU-d t,Dn barffm-Ml faliiohood nnd
clinched our ar«utncnt In rebuttal, wo will mm attention
;*s,'. We-v bere. .reproduce two items-.'which cannot fail to
interest our readers,.;and are. intended to show the differ-,
ence tn^de. by corporation's representatives before an ar?.
bitrator and when .the cold mathematical figures, are
shown! 1. There is not the slightest doubt that in dealiug-
with these questions it not only calls for a. practical
knowledge of the- trade ,or industry" under consideration,'*
but aii acquaintance/with the method of "high financing"
is eminently desirable in order to differentiate between
the real; genuine Tvaiues and the purported ones, the lat-
■ter-often-being-iaimost—as-highly-iriflated-i-as-Zeppelin
airship. Such feeing the' case,' profits' accruing" therefrom do not appear very high,-but ar.e in reality.what
to the dividend hunter may be justly termed "handsome,"
but simply represent a greater expropriation of' labor
p'ower, or in othijjr words, a "juicy" approprIatioiV*of1"suri
plus value.
Editor Ledger:
-. Dear Sir:—Would you allow me
space in your paper to make an explanation in regard to the change of
principalship al the Fernie Public
school.   .,     ',. ^ "-
The old Board of Trustees last year
engaged. Miss Hogan as the principal
and agreed with'her that she should
hold that position for the full term of
12 months from, that da'te'. As a principal. Miss Hogan was all that could
be desired. She suited the scholars,
the parents, the teachers'under her
and the board admirably, and not a
word of complaint was heard against
her.; .
When Inspector Sullivan was here
he told the school board that Miss Ho-
ga*ti was one of the best and most capable teachers ill the district, and that
wc had an excellent principal in her,
but that. there,* were always things
cropping up in school work that a man
could look after more capably than a
lady, and that after August 1 next,
when the,next school law went Into
effect, we'would be compelled to' hire
a male principal, as the new law specifically states that any school having
a high school class must have a mail
principal in charge.
He, however,' told the Board that he
wo'uld be very sorry to see*'us loso'
Miss Hogan, as she could be placed as
assistant and would render very valuable services to the school. Knowing how difficult it was to secure capable male. principals the board therefore (to use. a slang expression) got
busy, and heard that _.. J. Bruce who
was for.seven Or,eight years principal
of the Rossland' school; was disengag:
ed, and they decided to avail themselves of his services."       '   "'
Mr. Bruce, however, would'not come
unless he was, engaged at once, so at
the last regular meeting it was decided, to accept'the proposition* as it appeared to them,; and request Mr. Bruce
to come and ,take over the school at
the Easter term. •   '     '
■ Miss Hogan was unaware of the circumstances*, and through delay in delivery of,the mail addressed to. her she
did not know of'the matter until the
account of the meeting appeared in
The Ledger, last.Saturday, iind naturally thought that the board were not
treating her properly in the matter.
Howe-, er.' upon ^interviewing me,' ihe
situation swas explained to her satisfaction, and she expressed her willingness to do anything that would advance the general welfai .of the school
and I am making this explanation to
the public to remove any idea that
Miss Plogan had not been satisfactory,
as we found her to be above the average and all that could be desired.
Trusting that this letter is self explanatory and thanking you for your
:^pace;-:I beg to remain, .,•-.•>
','' . .-'. Yours truly, r-
,<yy   W.,rS. STANLEY
.'.       *'*■    Chairman "School; Board
* '••■■'V     —         In '- i-i^*
RETURN OF RELIEF TENTS
•Probably'many of our readers have
read Charles Dickens' works'and recall the biting satire he refers to government routine metKods, calling the
office the Circumlocution. office, and
tells of an individual who started an
enquiry, and like the playing of a scientific chess game he was old and
grey before he had accomplished his
mission. Maybe many think that we
have progressed since then but lt may
be news to the general public that the
same methods still obtain in Ottawa,
and their perpetuation explains .why
demand was made' for'.the tents that
were used after the fire, and the request for their return was made by a
clerk of the dlckenian type who, finding that some tents had been, forwarded to Fernie, with the classic indifference to the why or wherefore, or never
thinking about making any inquiry,
writes off for these articles to be returned. > It was never intended by the
M
The Finest Flavoured Tea
" S^I^I>A,fiis'hill-Vown tea—grown on planta-
tiopLshjghiup^on the hills in the Island of Ceylon.
The leaf is small arid tender with a rich, full flavour.
■—is always of unvarying good quality.   Will you be content with   common .tea  when  you  can get "SALADA"?
— Black, Mixed and Natural Green, 40c, 50c, 60c and 70c per lb. —-
Department that* they should be.
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D.  D. S.
.      . DENTIST.
Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; i-5; 6.30-7.30.  Phone 72
?ernie    .
B. C.
W. R.
ROSS K.C.
Barrister
and
Solicitor "        '
Fernie, B. C.
)                 1        r-
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Electric Lighted. Steam Heated
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.G.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
Hot and Cold,Water "* L. A. Mills, Manager
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART "
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox StrMt
Fernie B. C,
F. C. Lawe
Alex.--1. Fisher
\ FIELD & GARDEN SEEPS
:We have a full stock of the following
\
i
I
Clover, Timothy, Alfalfa, Red Top, Brome
Grass. Garden & Field Seeds in both bulk
and package.   , Write or call for prices.
We'carry also, Hardware, Harness, Carriages and
..,'... Implements. *,''.   '     .      v      ■
J. M. AGNEW & Co.
ELKO,
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
H. W.   HERCHMER
I-.TEE mm
I.*. ,
Barrister and Solicitor   <<
T..iBEck^BLOCK____FEilNJ_ElB.O_,
•til-,?
•\-'\    *>■     \ -'*■•*'   . '.       ■: •'
• Rev.* Hugh Grant's Report
:   "v 7  '. Fernie, B. C July 7, '09'
To the Joint Committee Representing the Western Coal
." .Operators Association and District 18, of the United
MineWorkers Of America:
Gentlemen: ,in'the matter of tho differential on pillars at the Hillcrest''Coal & Coke Co. mines'at Hillcrest,
Altn., heard before your committee at Maeleod, July 6th,'
1900, as chairman of the-above'Commlttoo, I'have
honor to-report Kb follows:
During tho sitting of tho Conciliation Doai'd.I,examined tho mine at Hlllcreet, and being somewhat familiar
with mining,' it seems to mo Ihat' the mine was iri remarkably good condition aftor two months' idleness.   It ought-
to be, as far as mines go, a most deBlrable one In which
to work:    Thb ovidoneo shows that there have been* no
fatal accidents ln It. In hia evidence before the committee,
Mr. Hill has shown that up to tho present owing to conditions of cost of mining, lie. has not had adequate returns
from his operations.   , Theso profits ho oxpoctod from
his pillars, but when ho experimented lh December last
ho found thnt pillar coal coBt-moro than room coal.   Boforo tho Committee ho mado II plain that ho did not do-
slro to*grind labor, nnd'ho mado an appeal for Justice so
that ho, aii well ns'his employes, might havo a just roturn
for his'outlay;    Wo must romombor that monoy is put
Into coal mlnos for profit, nnd unless profits aro tho outcome of operations, monoy will sock somo othor channel
In .which it may adequately got its increase,    Whon we
vlow out sldo conditions nt I-IIllcrost wo find It requires
a largo outlay to put tho coal in tho,cars and on tho C. P.
H. tracks,     ThlH ucts as a handicap In competition in
open mnrkot with othor mines In tho nnmo compotltlyo
field, and thoso ombraco not only local mlncn, but also
oastorn ones that ontor into competition In tho wostorn
mnrkot with our local mlnoH.    I bollovo Iho omployoos if
thoy look at tho mattor squarely and Justly will see that
thoy ought to help IUHcroat Compnny to ovorcomo tho
handlcnp   thoy nro undor in tho costly hnndllng of thoir
con) nftor It Is mined,
•I bollovo thoy cnn glvo n reduction on tho plllim*
without mnterlnlly docronHlng thoir oitrniiiKH und at lonst
thoy will havo tho satisfaction of knowing thnt thoy will
bo saving nn InduHtry which hnu boon good lo thom In tho
past, nnd which will, in tho futuro, ovon undor a rwliio
lion, glvo thorn vory witljifnctory roturnn for thoir lnbor.
Taking tlii'Ho things Into cmmldorntlon, nnd nftor
curufully weighing tlio IntcroHt. of both pnrt leu, my decision Ih thnt,tho prlco of plllnr work at HIllcrOHt mlnos
should ho 40 coiitH por ton for mining conl, aud thut
props be* pnld for nt tho rnto of four cents por llnonl root,
Youra vory truly,
h
ix. li. Oi4n\.
' ii
Cliiiliiuitti Julul Coiti.
Under the caption of "Earrtlngi" the following It produced In 1 recent copy of an exchange:
Mr. H.: A. Marx, accountant of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company'* Mine* at Hoimer, B. C, haa examined the book* of the Hill Creit Coal & Coke Company,
and he report* that the Company I* at present making net
profit* of about $0800 per month, or at the rate of over
$116,000 per annum.
• Thi* amount I* sufficient to pay the intereit on out-
standing honrit, 110,250; dividend* on preferred tloek,
140.000, and leave a balance equivalent to over 6 per cent
on the common stock.
With the new extension and equipment It I* expected
the output will bt doubled without increasing the ratio
fo ofht-v ntln-ittntf-mfnlti nnd tb'ttl with !h-» wagon rjuo*. I of tnp*onni, (hue laro«ly au-nmentlnfj   the net   earning*
FOB SALE
* - -0
.   . ■  .:   .;*'.'    yl'i .-■:-'■    -., r   ■• x
At a Bargain
Kings Hotel
Tempo-fairy Building
No Reasonable  Offer
/'..Refused-
Apply to
WM.A; MILLS
FERNIE B. C.:''"
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST    ■„_'
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
i' ■    "'■■    '..■•*   i' ■   ■• '   *::i',  -{ ,0: •. •
*"  'Hours'9 to 1; 2 .to 5;-6 to1 8..,-'
. Residence. .21 Viotoria Ave,
I
♦ just around the'corner
from Bleasdell's
Drugstore
Open
T5c
T.rght~t;
KING'S HOTEL
W. A. CONNELL * •■■.
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
Fornie '■'
Bar supplied with  tho  best Wines,
■   ,       Liquors,and -'Cigars.       .. ,
DINING ROOM  IN'.CONNECTION
GEO.  BARTON
EMPRESS   TRANSFER
paying
, *■       ■  ■   >
Furniture Moving a Specialty
•WOOD OF ALL KINDS
8 „___, y_ l_._.i„„  _
f-^~ Leave" uraers-with w. iw-ny
PHONE   78 1
•-•>'___
' __H
___
_§__''
H
l10^' "'^°" ,,f'J6^'flrrtff,cY.i.
!■<____ IB S'" business and real-
J_VVi;lIV      dVntlal  property.
.',. DROP, IN AND TALK THE.
' MATTER OVER WITH US.
Real Estate & Insurance
Moffatt
-T
5  Painters
WANTED
Only; First Class men
need apply.    Best
wages paid.
P. DUVAL
Bojc 60 Fernie, B. C.
tion.
available for dividend* en the common atock.
bar-sains   horo tho   whole   year
round.
Want a House? Quit
Wanting It
Como horo and buy ono from our
Kit.
Wo havo houflou, all atyloB   niid
prices, to nult ovorybody.
OUR REAL ESTATE LIST   HAS
THE HOUSE VOU WANT
am] wo ulll veil It on tornui   to
milt.
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance and Real Estats
If You are Interested in Wallpapers, If You want Wallpapers
You will find my store is tlie place to get any
grade of paper at prices that will please yon. We
have bought right, so may you.
Brighten Up The House
The cheerfulness of.a room depends n great doal
deal,upon the kind of paper you have on the wail.
The latest styles are harmonious effects in artistic
and conventional designs. Our Wallpapers aro
satisfactory to look at and will make your rooms
inviting to live in     ; "■/;.•■ .  ',
~~lxROP IN AND SEE OUR SAMPLE BOOKS
Suddahy's Drug & Book Store
Agent for Victor and Edison Phonographs
Huyler*s& Lowney's Chocolates, Reache's Base Ball Goods.
f
I
I
*
&
%$
%m**«*HMMH***^^ mm
eamm
•   i>
)
t
.-_.; _.-. ^. * n-.-.r
v»«*.*■*■■
The Official Organ of District No.  18, U.M.W.   of A.
Fernie, B.C, March 26th,  1910
y
****************
News Ffoni the Cainps
1 ■*■ - „ *       ** 'i,
jFVow okrJI otem Correspondents
kkkkkkkkkkk**
,,.,..'.... ................
MWWMMWWyW
I COAL CREEK J
Mark Sampson Is acting as' guardian
of the peaco up here at present. *
The Rev. D. \V. £>cott was "down at
Michel on Sunday holding service in
the Methodist church. Mrs. Lashley
Hall occupied the pulpit here.
A meeting of those-interested    in
football was hold in the club hall on
Sunday afternoon for the purpose   of
electing officers for.the .ensuing sea-
, son.     The following gentlemen were
elected.       ...N           ,    .>,-,-'...-*/.>,.
Hon. President: John Shanks...
President: Dave. Martin.
. Vice President:. Charles O'Brien.
Secretary: E. W. Hughes,   \ ■'
Treasurer: Daniel Sh_w. '"
' Committee: Wm. Ratcllffo', Pat'Mulgrew, Thomas Moreland, Frank Nee,
Charles .Clarldge, James Logan,    Ed.
Coates,  Robert  Sampson.     A    subscription list is to be opened 'at once
to help raise funds for starting,  the
forthcoming season, when.it is expected that the funds necessary to aid our
■> sturdy defenders'will be garnered-in.
Tommy" Tittlemouae arrived in   the
camp last week from Hillcrest looking, for his old pal Teddy Irish.	
The medals for the footballers finally reached them. "A kick in time
■ saves nine."   ' ■--■•■
At about'one o'clock on Friday morning a rock slide came away " from
* about No. 1 north.-,; It came tearing
down, aud catching two empty "cars
that were in the road broke them to'
matchwood, then, continued its course
down, the ..incline,, making the snow,
shed fly in all directions:;' It. was
reported that the log shack on'the
government road where'four men wer©'
baching, was buried; but an examina*
tion being made*it was.found that no
damage had been done to it.'.the rocks
going right by it. '.There was'a dan;
. gerous piece of rock' still hanging ori
the mountain side- so the management
, ordered all the inhabitants out of the
French camp on Sunday-morning and
blasted it down. It took- three large
shots to remove It and, then the'rocks
■^"amiirCearlng'away""d6W7~carryiiig_ev;!
'erything before   them   breaking   .the
N
telephone and-electric- wires vand disconnecting the air ,pipe line and one
large - rock, displaced a'rail "on-the M.
F. & M. railway line below. However
no one was hurt arid- everything was;
fixed,' up for work on Monday morning."' ..'''''   "■; . --£*«., ;    s. i
What might have been -icserious accident- was averted by* the'switch un-*
. der the tipple being left opon on Saturday morning. The engine, after
having brought the coaches up' had
left theni, at their usual place and returned to Fernio for Borne coa.1 cars.
At about a quarter to soven the three
, conches started to glide down tho
yard on their own account. The men
who *wore In the coaches at the time
started jumping off in all directions,
but when they got as far aB the tlpplo
their course was stopped by the switch
boirig left open, and tho first-two.-'ran
off the, track. '"When the engine roturned lt soon got to work replacing
them which did not tako long, and tho
trnln got away to Fornio about twenty
minutes past eight, or thirty five minutes Into.
Sid Horton and P, Gliissbn visited
the crack in tho mountnln last Sunday and Sid snys thoro is vory littlo
difference from last year.
W. Shonflold,got started, wort: this
■\y,eok again as a shot-lighter In No. 1
north. ' '    '
",A holstmnn in No. I> mino working
up 19 Incline named Frank Wqstwood
had tho misfortune to havo his right
log brokon just, abovo tho angle, last
Friday nlptht; ho wns romovod to tho
hospital.
Wm. Aldor nrrived In camp Inst
wook from Hillcrest.
Archlo Drown, who haa boon driver
boas ln No. G mlno for tho last' nlno
months pulled out for tho const on
Wodnosday, :
Georgo 0. Egg, tho now ngont for
tho I, G. 8., wnB up horo liiHt wook
and vlRltod lho HtudontB, also taking
In'tho Hlghts of our grent coal city.
II Is hopod that ho will become na
populnr aH J, W. Bennett waH nround
horo.
Paddy Bagnn nnd Wm. Bennett left
horo on Mondny to tnlco up lifo in tho
city.
IS, w, HiighoB wna nppolntod dolo-
unto from Coal Crook to nttend tho
loaguo mooting to b« hold nt Frnnk on
Saturday tho 20th,
Tho following lu a. list of oomu of
tho charnctorB roprononted nt tho innB-
quorndo ball on Bt, Patrick's night that
woro omitted from last week's Loil-
«or:
Special prize; Bout dreused Juvenile
Lily Tyson aa Flower Olrl,
Oncnr KilckBon: BwodlRh l'ongnnt,
Sid Hunt: Hn-IIa.
IIIhh ISrlckcon: SwoiIIhIi Poaannt,
V   Alex., McFognn:  Bum,
John Hnddon: HttnNnr.
Mra, ChnmborN! Dairy Mnld.
Joe Halsall: Henry VIII.
Eliza Evans: Jap Girl.'■
Mrs. Guyne: Italian.
Mias^B. McCliment: Pip-Pip.
Mrs. Winstanley: Lady Hussar.
Jack Rushton; Donkey.
!Mrs.,Dan-Oliver: Folly.
Robert Fairclough:  Sailor.
Mrs. J. Barnes: Erin go Bragh.
Mrs. Fairclough:  Yachting Girl.
Jack Glazier and Glass Cutter:
Dominic Certrla:  Soldier.
■, Lottie Grey: Empress of Ireland.
James Smith: Silly Tommy.
Stewart Arbuckle: Page.
E. Langdon: Queen of the Earth.
Thomas Douglas! Admiral.
Mrs, Pierpolnt: Red Riding Hood.,.
.Harry Mlryard," Jap.
Mrs. Mlryard: Erin go Bragh.
C.Powell: Toreador. ,*' ■■    , ;
Dr. Workman: Pierriot.
- 'Mfs. .C* Powell: Irish Colleen.
George, Hunt: 18th'Hussars.'
Dave Smith: Duke of Gloster.
Cecil Minton:  Richard III.
Bella    Davidson:-1- The   Unknown
Girl.
Dave Lynn: Jester.     ' .       ,,
"Mrs. Hubbertsy:7Card Costume:
• Dave Logan: Page Boy,
Geo. Crabbe: Half.,and half.
Peter Dowey: Soldier. • »       <
. J. W. Ridyard:  Woman.
'James Matheson: Pip-pip. '* '
"J. T. Puckey: TherSoftest of Them
aii.,u*"       •'■: .:<;.;   ,  .:■,..-   -,
Edwin Powell:,. Mike from Tippe*r-
ary.    *" ", '    , ^    ';    *
. Dougal McGregor. Highlander.
*  Ethel Jones:  Highland.Lassie.
;  Fanny,Jones:, Topsy.-.   ....,    .
.Maud Tyson: Empress of Ireland;
>IrB. Garbutt: .Irish Colleen.
Lena Dobson'.•"Priscilla. 7   - .   *
Miss Bowen:,Nurse of Red .Cross.
. "Mrs. Crabb: , Pierrot.   ,
S. Davis: Sailor. .
' Sid'Horton: -Indian.chief.-.   -   :y  o
- >H.' Marlett: Hobb (peculliirly appropriate.)
, J Miss Mosele'y.A Canadian. Girl.'    -
/Charles Claridge: Newspaper Man. ■
. 7This' was the'-largest* gathering of
dancers ever.'held in. the Creek. •>
." Fred* Young arrived back'here from'
Fruit'Vale last';week and'.starts work
.in No.l north.7 .   7      ,
__rhe_following_\vei'e_v!sitors7at:„the(
Club last week:   .\ ' *-'■•■
•iF.- H. Shepherd.. '-.,..        .7.   ,,
"N. C./VVllllam.  ,   -,  ,   *
J. Misciscoe'. '        ' ':    "   .7
D..Simm*. 	
., Joseph Dodd ,,        "      ■
John Oliyer
cf, c/ Egg -.':.'     '-■" V, 7 V'.
W. Hardy,'- •■'- ,->  . :   "
, E. Evans' '    .'■•*    *•-.,     "" , ., .'..*''
Wm. Finlayson
Munro Gibson
., E. A. Roe..'   .
Mr. nnd Mrs. J. J. Bvans of Coal Crook
paid a visit an Mr. Jesse Leech of W.
Fernie on, Sunday afternoon and . roport having a very enjoyable time.
There is a song entitled "A man—-
A Moon—A Girl; at Coal Creek last
week there was an,impromptu comedy
played which might bo called "A Miner—A Manager-^An Officer of the, law.
Tho. audlonco was numerous; however,
lt was merely a case of grasping a
"fuzz ball," and la lt our pleasure to
remark "that all's woll that. end's
we)l."
am i.
MICHEL
Thomas Evans loft this woolc for the
Coast. .'''''
Jack Robinson has taken his departure for tho oast,
Harold Henneaay haa tnkon his departure for Blnirmoro. ~
Thomas Shields paid Hosmer n visit
this wook.
Hvnn Williams of Tnbor haB nrrived
Iri camp,
Goorgo Lu6ks of Corbin paid Mlchol
a visit thla week.
Jnmos Bonnie has.loft for his ranch
south of Lothbrldgo.
' Frod MoorohouBO has gono to Blairmore to Join tho export Blnirmoro ball
tonm. .
J. W. Cody Is a guc>Bt at tho Mlchol
.Hotel.
J, R, McPherson has left for tho
town of Blnirmoro.
Ab thoro Booms to bo no society for.
tho provontlpn of cruolty. to nnlmnls,
and tho Crows Neat PnBB Coal Company, realizing thin, tako udvantngo of
tho situation hy working somo of thoir,
hornos sixteen hours underground. It
Ir about tlmo that something wns dono
for thn protection'of tho poor dumb
anlmaln,
Tom Wolr an old timo drlvdr, cnmo
In on Thursday from Beaver Crook.
Tho moving picture ontortnlnmonts
on WodneRdny and Thursday nights
drew largo crowds.   .
AimoB, daughter of Goorgo Roughond
died on\ Tuesday at the early ago of
ton ynnro. '
Wm, Hnrrold, a minor, mot with a
aorloiiB nccldont Wednesday afternoon
in No. 3-mine, main slope 4 east, by a
fall of coal from the roof. He was removed to. the hospital and lies in a'
dangerous condition.
Mr. and Mrs. Carr were at Fernie
this week on their honeymoon. ■
Duncan Matheson visited Coal Creek
this week and spent a few. days with
the boys.   /'.■-. *
Kelly and Smallman are certainly on
the war path with guns arid skittles.
The' Newtown sports fight shy of them.
, The ball' held in Crahan's hall' on the
17th was a brilliant affair and a financial success.
The concert, basket social and the
dance organized by the ladies connected with the Michel Football club took
place on Monday evening March 21st,.
in thc Michel hall, and was a great
success. The concert was of the best,
the programme being as follows:,
'. Cornot solo: Mr. J. Lewis.
> Song: Mr. Vicars ,
Song: Miss Evans
. Violin solo: Mr. A.1 Almond
Recitation: Mr. D. J. McDonald. .
Song:  Mr.. Miles
Selection, concertinas, Messrs. M. &
R. Littler, cornet Mr. Curinah, piano,
J. Mathers. •
Duet: Mrs. Streithorst and Mr. V.
Frodsham. -
Song: Mr. Vicars
Song: Mrs. Streithorst
Cornet duet: Messrs. J. Lewis and
J. Hadden. ..-'
The. auction of baskets was the next
item on * the programme, some keen
bidding taking place,.the total number
of baskets "tb be auctioned being, 29.
The football, club presented two prizes
one being for the lady whose basket
brought the , highest price, the other
going to,the gentleman who bought
the same.. -After some keen bidding
for the baskets the prizes eventually
went to Mrs. Higginson and Mr.-J.
Stuart. The highest priced basket was
$11.00'and the total realized ' being.
$94.50.  '
■ Supper was next ■ served "and after
supper,was over dancing was indulged
in until 2a.m.     The ladles connected
with the*Football, club are to be congratulated in the way..in which they
got the affair, together, and. the best
wishes of  the Michel Football club
are extended to them'and to the ladies
,andgeritlmen who so kindly gavetlfelr
services to make the evening so en-
joyableT^"Th^~profus"of"the~evening
were $164.50,,. which', will enable thc
club to start ori a good basis this'coming season.4 •'■ ";, *'",;    n-     - • . ■   „'
'.; The -.reorganization  "of the .Michel
Football club "for .the season of 1910
: took place on Sunday evening, March
"20, 1910..,- the colors will be tfie same
as last.year with the'exception of the
pants-which will be black instead of
blue. '     .   ,
The following aro tho officers for the
year: .
President:. T. Crahan. ' '
Vice-President: T. Spruston. .,
Secretary: Walter Moody. ,--.
Treasurer: Mr. J. Hayes.
Captain: S. Moores
Vice-cflptaln: Jos. Mason'.
Selection committee:
.. J, Hayes, %,      '
••'   Frank Pollltt ,,•-.,"
J. Higginson
M. Littler
"   J'Yard
Working Committee
J. Morris
W. Jenkins
J. Brlsoco   '
T, Hampton .
S. Hampton
W. Moody       '
J. Hayes   -
T. Guest '
J, 8 ted man
J. Dixon
Tho bnlnnco In tho bank to comm
ence season with Ib $17,118.
Tho delegate selected to nttond the
league meeting which Is to bo hold In
Frank on' Saturday March 26th wna
Mr. S, Mooro*.
Tho working commlttoo nH above given stayed together during tho yenr
and have cleared off tho debt Incurred
In tho fencing of tho footbnll ground,
haB been cleared off, and entire now
outfit of clothes' etc,, aro on ordor nnd
aro oxpoctcd to arrlvo early noxt week,
Tho working com'mtltee aro to be
thanked for tho trouble thoy have
gono to In giving tho club auch a good
start for tho coming Bonaon,
COMMUNICATED
Editor Ledger:. ...
Sir: I must, say that I like the way
you are putting in your paper about
the men that do not,seem to. think
about .their own lives, as well as other
folks, when they take matches in their
pockets, but you must know that
sometimes a match slips through a
hole in your waistcoat pocket and you
don't' feel it. '    .
It is true we cannot be too careful
and it serves, a man right if he is
brought up and fined as that will teach
htm a good lesson perhaps. As for a
manathat takes too much powder I
do not think he can say anything for
an excuse, that is a good onjj, and If
he is found with more than the allowance he ought to" be given his time
and told to pack his tools out of the
camp..
Now this is all right and I don't
think ariy miner can honestly raise a
kick, but at the same 'tiine let me tell
you that all the blame should not-be
put on the riien, because the coriipanys
officials sometimes do things they
should not. , If there is some gas in
a man's place'and he knows that he.
should nQt be working,in it he does not
like to tell the fire boss for fear that,
he might tell him that if he doesn't
like it he can get out, and'that is
where the inspector" ..is ^useful, and
when there is an inspector that will
do his duty and never riilnd what the
officials say I say-well .done; that is
what you are paid for,-and by doing
your duty^ you' ,are not. only looking
after men's,lives but after company's
interests as well, if they would only
think so.     y , ..'   .',.'■'-,
Is there anything in* the law that
says you mustn't, put'a* copy of inspector's report in the paper?
.  An Old Miner.
PRESENTED WITH APOLOGIES TO
THE.EDMONTON JOUNAL    '
"McNaughton goes east, to, study gas
plants."   '
This we could understand if it referred to, "grass plants," but considering, the vast amount of CH4 that has
been expended recently in the assembly7 halls such a journey savors somewhat of "taking coals to Newcastle."
Again "Although the public has'been
kept in the dark," naturally until such
time as the gas can be bottled this is a
proper condition for. the public to be
kept in. Wo are by no means sur:
prised at the reticence of Mayor Lee
as to the projected tour because
whilst Milwaukee Is tho objective
point its principal cause for fame is
not Gas, but Beer! Beer! Glorious
Beer! "The whole' subject of producer plant operation In all its phases
will be taken up," and other products
of Milwaukee will be taken down—
Zem 'Zem!
Imperial Bank of Canada
;'"'"'    HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO ,
-■ " Capital Authorized $10,000,000
Capital Paid Up ..'... ,»5,000,OQO    Reserve  .$5,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pre*.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
'      Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. PELL, Manager
BANK OF HAMILTON
♦
♦'
Word has just been received . from the .Supt. of Imml
gration that he has an enquiry from Wenallt, Aberdare-
Wales, asking for' information
about ono John Chappell, as
wife is anxious, and when last.
heard from he was - in the
Pass.
;'%%M";'''^
The Sense of Security
against to-mo grow
should be ample incen-
tive  to', save   to-day.
Tmur BavfaaA*.  Aeooiwt  Solicited.
'     ■•
J. R. LA' VRY, Agent ,
Pernie Branch : ■ - ■
A. PRACTICAL' MAN
R.H. Marlow j
GROCER & CONFECTIONER
His Opinions on Ventilation iri-Mines
—Improvement-.is-j Urgently
*■ ■ y  Necessary .   ,,  ";
\
i»       —
HILLCRE8T
Merchants Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE MONTREAL
Capital $0,000,000   Reserve $4,002,107
President 8lr H. M. Allan    Gen. Manager E, F. Hebdtn
143 BRANCHES  IN CANADA
A General Banking Business Transacted; Out ef Town Accounts Solicited, Deposit* or Withdrawal* may bo mad* by mall.
Savings Bank Dopartmont
$1.00 open* an aeeeunt; lnt*r**t paid at Highest Currant   Rat**.
ELKO BRANCH C. R. WICKSON, Mgr.
Tho sympathy of tho nntlro community goes out to the widow nnd four
fathorlosH children of our fellow worker, Chorion CJormaln, whoso untimely
end wau chronicled In your last Issno.
Charllo was a I-'ronohmnn, highly re-
spec tod by all his acquaintance**., and
tho fact waa clearly shown by tho way
hin funeral was attended.
(lonernl ManaKor C, P. Hill haa wv
turned from tho cant, but It Is oxpoctcd that he I* only hero for a brlot stay
and roport has It thnt ho purposed
1    , ' , I,,        l..i.        r»     V.,.-r~f.
iitUl,till,    Ul.    U.*.,i.l,H     .v»>      W.     K.-.V*,'*,
tn thn nonr futur***-.
Tho HlUcrcBt Coal ft Coko Company
has been rnorsanizod nnd extensive
development* aro looked forward to
<lur!n** the summer.
Undo "nfinny" Wow In hero last
week, looklnn a* chlppor as ever.
The riw.irie Jigtii plant j» be-un** tu-
stalled, no It la only a quwitlon of a
short tlmo when our Arcadian vIUaro
(aco proapoctua) In illumined equally
ub woll na other points along tho
Crow.
Snow ha* practically disappeared off
tho Plata at this end of tho Pa*»s nnd
Mprtng will Hoon ho upon us.
*»"
For Bnlf-.—tiramophonft nnd record*,
costing fOl; all practically new, will
see for $-10 cash as money is needed
for mwllcal' aid. Formerly for six
years a member of tho U. M. \V, of A.
Health Io*t while followini: mlnlnic at
Cardiff, Alberta. Write Albert I>o
JjKelvcr.    ItoyneB l_Vc, n. C.   '
• . 7-   *    (Industrial Index.)   .
,7    Byesville, O.;*March 19, 1909.
Editor Industrial Index:
■Being a miner and being interested
in"b"eh"alf"oftthe _mnererand-there-be--
ing so many mine explosions; I wish
to offer a-few suggestions as to how
I think many accidents might be now
avoided.., Having' had. many years
experience in" coal mines, I am convinced that many'lives-* might be saved by adopting a better system of ven-,
.tilation. ",    ry
■ Experience teaches'me that a better
system might' be: had by driving one
extra,, main; entry, and. making overcasts so as'to'give est^h'pair of entries fresh air direct from the main
air course, a'nd return to the upcast
shaft and by keeping each section separate would save many lives should
an explosion occur. By'adopting this
plan there would be no need for trap
doors. The latter ar-a-both expensive
and dangerous, especially ln mines
generating fire damprfrap doors being
loft open, which causo.gas to accumulate, This'hns been tho cause:7of
'many mine explosions ln thUNcountry
nnd othors, and ln my opinion should
bo abolished, By adopting this plan,
should an explosion occur ln any one
section, it would not affect uny other
part, of tho mlno, This should, be readily understood byvovory experienced
nilner, who has taken ' the time to
study this system of vontilation,,
This plan would not' Increase tho
cost of production—coal could be produced at n less cost to tho operator
if rightly understood. •
It takes a good deal of monoy to
build trap doors and keep.them in repair, and to pay for their attendants.
ThlH amount could be saved to tho
operator, which would moro than cov-
or the cost of making overcast**,, and
would provide better nlr to tho minors,
and iiIbo would bo a great bonoflt to
tho horses and mules -working In the
mlno. Thoy neod fresh air ns woll au
the minor. It would bo n saving to
tho company. Tho stock would llvo
longer and be able to do more work
by adopting this system. There Is no
ronson why thin plan'should not bo
adopted. It would be' bottor for tho
oporator and tho minor.
I notico Homo of tha coal companion
havo found'It to their Intorcats, to adopt a better system of ventilation In
their mlnos, Tho Sunday Crock Coal
Company hnR Ioiik kIiim* found this
out. Thoy Boo Ihat Iho mlnoH am
kept woll ventilated;-thoy find that
It pays.
To keep n good Hiipply of nlr In lho
mines It b\ i* saving of track arid tlmbor. This should be ronsldnrort hy all
coul oporators.
' I notico that tho United Stntos sonata hfm passed tho Cullom resolution
calling for more rcurue stations to bo
placed ln thu danc'Toiis mining districts, Thlo to my mind will accomplish Httlo Rood, What the minora
need most nt this time is n good supply of air taken to the fnco of each nnd
every working plnco,
Tho minera should bo protected by
n bottor «ystcm of vontilation;    nlr
StlOlliU UO tHKfll lo Uio bxtin «'i *-■«■>--''
nnd every wnrklni* plnco, un b« to
drivo out any nnd nil of tho gases that
might accumulate there. If this wnn
dono and a -wife exit made for the
minors to OHtapo there would ho littlo
uno for rescue stations.
Fr>   MifVi(,i«
First Class Union Store carrying a Suitable line of Spring
Goods.
Two - South African  Scrips
sale at usual price
for
North
Lethbridge,
 LAIta
-—Lethbridge
e@b^*3®ooon
GROWN
IN   THE    WEST
To Rent
New Michel Store 24x50
with outbuildings and
.  Cottage.   Apply to
J. T. ARMSTRONG
New Michel
B.C.
~?y
*:,,,, MoKENZIES- SEEDS'':''*;-
. The only ■ kind suitable for
this  climate;
A.    W.   BLEASDELL
■ -J
The Leading Druggist Phone 118
Baa®®
®
■
THE GRAND THEATRE, FERNIE
One Week
Commencing  Monday
Evening,   March   21st
Miss Belle Stevenson
supporting
The Summers Stock Co.
In a fine line of the latest successes
Saturday  Afternoon
MATINEE
Charley's Aunt
Special Train to Coal Creek Saturday Night
Prices: 75c, 50c.   Children 25c
Matinee Saturday at 2:30
TRAINMEN WIN OUT
Board of Arbitration Deeldea In Their
Favor In Chicago
CHICAGO, March 23—An Incroano
in lht«.wu«lvM of iv,u ccuu uu hum*, ul-
lownntu or (lino and a half for All
overtime, nnd a hw-rlnir within three
day* when threatened by dinmlml,
were given the Hwltchmen In (hu railroad ynrd* or Chlrnno by th« Illinois
Stale hoard o* arhlinntlon today.
About -looo men of the Brotherhood
of nllwoy Trninm.ii are affected.
CE. LYONS
Real Estate Insurance
Fire
Life
Accident
Plate Glass
TO MAKE MONEY
Invest in Western Canada
I can offer you exceptionally
good values in Vancouver; Calgary and Lethbridge. Call and
investigate for yourself
Fernie    P. 0. Box 31  I, Henderson Block Op Stairs      Phone 54 ■-■frt rm—-
PAGE  SIX
ThE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEftNlE,   ,B. C. MARCH 26 1910
$
Life Saving in the Mine's
Providing a Safety
Device
Wigan Electrican's   Ingenious   Invention-
High Voltage Rendered Harmless-'Tatal",'
Shocks Scarcely Felt-A Visit to the Colliery
Good Technical
Description.
-- (From the Wigan  (Lanes.) Observer.) .
Every discovery and invention which
is of practical value in saving life and
property is to be welcomed.' ' A most
ingenious invention, having.for its object the 'rendering safe the electrical
apparatus Avhich in the event of accident might become an agent in the destruction of life and property has been
patented within the past few days"by
Mr. Walter Winsborough, the electrical engineer at the Douglas Bank Collieries. Wigan, and from the tests that
have been witnessed by. one of our representatives, there appears to be in
tho future a very wide application of
the instrument at many if not all electrical installations.
Probably in no instance of the utilization of electricity as a motive and
illuminating agency lias greater difficulty been experienced than in that associated with mining. This.has arisen
in consequence of ever-changing vicissitudes, met with in the shaft and underground which do not occur on the
surface. Fulls of roof, runaway tubes
and a thousand and one things occur
in * the mine which may* instantly
queer the electrically driven plant or
the surroundings to an exposed cable
with disastrous results to both men
and,matter in the immediate neighborhood, as in the case of one happening
Mast year at the West Stanley Colliery,
Durham, in the loss of over a hundred
lives;  '
■ Mr. Winsborough appears to liave
hit upon a device that will immeasurably diminish.if it does'iiot absolutely
eliminate—the latter seems to be rather nearer tho mark—such holocausts
"as that in County Durham. '•■-Under
no condition is electricity to be played with, but these -untoward events
have arisen from leakages, springing
from.one or other of the causes already hinted at. For instance there
have been many cases of death following upon electirc shock through.escaping current charging and rendering
■ as dangerous as the, ordinary "live"
overhead wire used in tram propulsion
the haulage and coal cutting machinery employed in the far-distant reaches
of the workings of. a modem colliery.
To place, with a wet floor or wet rails
and plates, a-hand or foot -upon such
transformed machinery, perfectly safe
perhaps, a. moment before, has meant
serious injury ' and burning of the
limbs, 'if not actual death. It- is on
record that "death has followed an electric shock from so. low a pressure as
95 volts received by a man, if is true,
of weak constitution; whilst in another
instance a man "perished in a pit on
 receivl'nK_ft_200L_'-Olt-_hargcl._The rsk.
. fects produced by a charge of electric
;_. ity, it is stated, if such charge be sufficient, are complete stoppage of the
breath and stagnation, or rather suspension of the heart's action.     And
this, arises' from the fact that oncp a
person makes'contact with a live conductor he is unable to leave hold sufficiently-quickly to avoid the effects
of the lethal chair used by' the American executioner;   though- the voltage
necessary to produce an electric shock
fatal to a human being can hardly be
limited to any specified pressure, as
it depends upon the conductivity of a
person's body and tho amount of surface contact.     Persons    have ■ beon
■known to survive shocks at pressures
,'as much as 3000 and even 5000 volttf,
but  undoubtedly  the  risk  of  shock
• with lo* pressure is small compared
■jwith the risks attached to the use of
';feigh pressures, and thero Is more dan-
•'•■ft&r-'frtfnrnlternatlnB than with continuous current.    With the typo of nppa-
-"ratiis ln uso at many collieries which
,(.aro not exactly up-to-date, where stool
/arihoured cable is not fixed through-
1 'out. the shaft, and along the workings
' to the distribution boxes nnd on to the
1 machinery, thoro is always tho risk of
fiomelhing "going    wrong ,. with    the
works," and though    the' "Board'   of
Trado has laid down most stringent
regulations, thoro Is really nochliiK lo
'.prevent, either mankind being killed
nor of gas and other Inflammable material being Ignited; therefore tho ad-
vnntngn of eliminating anything likely
to set. up sueh results hy Improved np-
paniliiH ennnot. ho .over ontlmntod.
It was tho West Stanley disaster
thnt, set Mr. WlndHborough to work to
discover,,If possible, 8ome\ moans of
avorllng anything Ilk-** that In Iho futuro; and tho.succPHH which hns attended his efforts nppoiirs to have
roiieh-'d tho length of-solving the problem both as regards life and property, Ft has boon nncoHsary to briefly
touch upon tho drawbacks whjoh had
boon met with In tho"uso of electricity, In ordor that tho advantages of
tho invention mny bo tho bottor appro-,
elated,
One of the most Interesting font-
. mi-i-h of tho Invention Is that it Is so
small thnt ono can, without unduly
stretching the fabric, put It. Into one's
walRtcnut pockot. It nmombloH n
couple of toy colls with u slender flat
spring fllrotriilng from thu top of the
colls io a terminal upon which the
Hprlni; rests, wllh another pointer between colls and tlie terminal, but
which Ih dlHtuiit from the sprliiK something less than n Hlxly-fotirth pnrt nf
an Inch. A vory t It I it Knlfo blade cun
he Inserted between the two, but nl-
though (ho span- Ih ho small, it Ih
groat ftimiKh to allow tho wholo of tho
oloi'trlet'l equipment of thn colliery to
work at tlio hlglumt pressure, yet sufficiently small Hint when, any breakage nerurii hy which tho current finds
Its way to enrlh whether through; man
or metal, it operates circular breakers, which instantly shut off everything, power and light, right through
the whole system. It is a thorough
illustration of the meaning of the aphorism which deals with great results
arising from small beginnings.
A technical description as drafted
by Mr. Winsborough sets out the details Sis follows: "The object of this
instrument is to'.provide a safety device for use with electrical, installation
the device being adapted to .break the
circuit whenever any serious leakage
occurs as would take place if a person
should accidentally touch a llvo conductor. The arrangement is particularly useful in connection with electrical installations in mines, and will
be described as applied to such an
.Installation at the Rose Bridge and the
Douglas Bank Collieries, Wigan. The
device consists of a pair of colls wound
on a laminated core connected at ono
side direct to earth, and on the other
to a plug board, which connects it
with the neutral points of the generators, or in series with' a.leakage indicator which, will show the amount
of leakage and where it is occurring.
There is also a relay which operates
a trip that acts on the main switches
of the power system. The underground electric installation is supplied
from the surface by two 200-killowat
550 volt alternating current generators
by two sets of bitumen, cables run' in
casing down tho pit shaft to the distribution boxes at each pit-eye. From
these boxes the motors are supplied
by three core, steel taped armoured
cables 'run behind the bar legs along
the intake haulage roads. in order
to mako the armouring of these cables
electrically , continuous throughout,
copper ties or clamps*2 by 11-16 standard wire gauge are connected across
the two parts of the sheathing by 7-18
standard wire gauge cable -wherever
it. enters. and leaves the fuse boxes,
junction.boxes, switches, motors, etc.
There is also an earth cable 7-16th
standard ■ wire gauge, run from ■ the
power house switchboard to the bottom of the pit shaft and earthed there.
This earthed cable is also connected
to the armouring of the power cables
at-each pit eye, aiid on one'side of the
safety device or "detector" and on the
other-side to the. neutral points of generators. , This instrument operates
whenever a sufficient current passes
through its coils, and can be made extremely sensitive so that it. will operate with" much less leakage than is
pevmlssable under existing regulations
and, in-fact, will pull its'armature by
a person coming into contact with a
liy_-conductor_to_ear.Ui._vhieh_wilI_im
mediately cut off the current, thereby
preventing severe shocks, or fire risks
caused through leakages. The armature of the detector has a contact-
making piece, which serves to close
the local circuit of Lhe relay which operates the trip. When .this latter
draws up Its armature it closes a 230
volt alternating current circuit, which
includes the coil of the trip device.
With the above arrangement the detector, will remain inoperative as long
as there is' no leakage, or no noticeable-leakage In-the system." If how-
over, leakage occurrs, e.g., If a person
standing on earth touches a live conductor, curront will flow from the conductor through earth to' the detector,
which operates with a very small cur:
rent, and closes the local circuit of the
tripping devico, and this operates the
circuit breakers'. The detector can
be adapted to a direct, current system
In wliich there*is no neutral point to
be earth connected, . It will be seen
that with the device operating as
above iIchci (bed tho power will bo out
off whorovor thero is sufficient leakage to operate the detector, and the
fault, whatever It may be, must receive Immedlato attention,"
Visit to the Colliery
To the electrician this description Is
no doubt full of Interest and meaning,
but, lo tho man In tho street technical
dotails matter not so much as what
tho littlo liiRtrumont—enclosed, along
with another instrument. In a plate-
glass caso ten Inches long by six In.
wido aud two and a quartor Inches
doop, affixed to the switchboard, nnd
opon to anyone's vlow who Is permit-
tod to entor tho power houso—will accomplish. Our roproHontntlvo mndo
nu appoint mont with Mr. Winsborough
and vlHltod 'the colllorlos on Thursday
nfti'i'iiuon Insl week,
Tho wholo of the colliery promlsos
wore a hlvo of Industry, niul everything was proceeding on onllnnry
linos, Tlio electrlcnl engineer map-
pod out a scheme* which would enable
tlio wi'ltoi* to sue thu net mil purposo
of tho Invention and first of all look
him down Inlo tho Pembortoii I ft.
Mlno, which Is at n depth of nearly
200 yards, to a distributing Rtntion,
from which proceed tho cables sup-
plying 'current, both for liuulitiso power and Iho lighting of tho mlno. Talcing off one of tho distributing box co-
vers- heavy Iron plains hold In position and Hixuirod hy bolts, which no
ono oxcopt lu nulhorlty Ib purmlttod to
unlooHo, l-nciium.- of tho dangers nt<
toiidnnl upon tinsklllod iwoplo tanv
poring with lho highly ehiirgod nppnr
nttiH thoy contain—Mr. WlnHborough
ut onco entered upon u font which un
dor onllnnry clreiitiiHluncoH would
have killed stoiio dead or hnvo badly
hiiruod und Injured anjoiui who lind
ntiiimpli'd it. Ho Htood on tho Iron
plntcH Hitch iih aro used nt. landings,
both on the surface and undcTflronnd,
Strong HealtbyWomen
If ■ worain li itron-J md healthy In a womanly way, motif
arhood mean* to ber but little luflerinf. Thn tmuM* 11m
in tbe iabt that trie many women tutfer Irom weaknMi and
diiaaie ol the diilinotly feminine orfmlim tod are unfitted
for motherhood,   Toil can ba remedied,
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
Cures tha weaknetaet and dliordtra of women.
II aofi directly oa the delleata and Important
or|a« concerned io motherhood, raakiaj them
healthy,   •iron*,   W|or«ui,  virile  nnd   elatti*.
"Favorite Pit«cription" htniihei the lodiipoiliione, o< the
Mriod of eipeetaney and maket fcaby'i adv-tat easy and
almott painleu.   It quicken* and vitatizct'the feminine
otlatxt, end 1mmre* a healthy and rohiut hahy,   Thotiiaa-Ja ol woman hevt
Uttincd to In mirvelout merit*.
It Makea Weak Women Strong.     It Makea Sick Women Walt.
lionett dniaitta do not offer nubmtui**, and nrde them upon you ai " Joel
a* i>M)d.     Accept uo iccttt notUutu iu place of thi* ntwutttl remedy.   Il
eoalalM not a drop oi alcohol and not a train of bihlt-fomid*! or injuriew
dni|i.   Ii a pare ■flyDiirio extract of heilintf, native American root*.
with tub rails and any amount of iron
and,steel about him calculated to pre-
vent'insulation or efforts at deception.
Mr. Winsborough with hare-finge'rs
touched one of the "live" distributing
fuses the blades of which are copper,
to which an insulated handle is provided for the safe working of the fuse.
Immediately tho fingers came in contact with the copper connection all
tho electric lamps in the pit went out,
haulage machinery at. once stopped
and there was Mr. Winsborough calmly asking the visitor had he seen or
heard anything.
He had had a charge of no less than
iiBO volts pass through his body to the
two Iron plates and to earth, and there
was nothing to indicate, except the
lights going out and the motion stopping, that anything had happened.
It was a rather eerie experience for
the writer to witness the demonstration, but he saw nothing of the fifteen inch to eighteen inch sparks that
tho West Stanley . colliers asserted
they had seen emitted from the machinery accidentally charged in the
Durham colliery, nor did the demonstrator evince any of the symptoms
one has read, of, the' awful writhings
and twitchings which have been observed as resulting from the death-
chair executions-, in the American
jails.* There was nothing unusual,
and Mr. Winsborough turned round
ancl calmly asked the writer if he had
noticed anything. The whole thing
was over in the fraction of a second,
and all that was discernable to Mr.
Winsborough was a slight shock at
his fingers as they touched the fuse—
and electricity always takes the line
of least resistance to reach "Mother
Earth"—with the feeling of a pin prick
to the digits and a.slight*twitch on the
part of Mr. Winsborough in .one of his
ankles. The whole thing was scarcely creditable. • In less than half, a
minute tho electric lamps in the pit
had resumed their former brilliance,
and the motion was again in operation
in,that the main switches in the power houses had been once more adjusted. . Ascending the shaft the electrician again showed how the small
but ingenious spring shut off all-the
current, how in addition to an alarm
bell was set ringing to warn the attendant that something had happened, as
well as lit up red and white incandescent lamps fixed on the switchboard,
giving indications to the engineer that
attention was required in connection
with, some part of the system. And
not only has Mr. Winsborough tested
it, but several of the workmen at the
colliery have also undergone the ex-
.perience,_both-individually-and-collec-
tively, with no dire results.
• Interrogated on the subject, Mr.
Winsborough related how he had tested his apparatus, from all parts of the
mine—as far distant from the pit
shaft as beyond the Seven Stars bridge
(underground of course) and all with
the same satisfactory results.
Asked as to how he actually came1
to experiment in this important and
intricate line, Mr. Winsborough stated
shortly after the West Stanley disaster, the editor of the Electrical Engineer invited him to write an article
on the subject of electrical mining
plant and how lt was arranged, and
what suggestions could be offered to
improve it. ' Tho idea then struck him
that the best thing that could be dono
,wns to find out something that would
act with live wires or other apparatus
to bo able to free hlmseir from tho
charged cable or machinery and the
kind of paralysis that ensued whero
the danger'cume In, He sot, about" on
his plan, and Mr. Winsborough confided tho Information that In the earlier
stagos of his researches and experiments, beforo ho got his contrivance proporly tuned up to that dellcatoness nt
which It would act Instnnler ho rocolvod many remindful shocks, "regular
old twisters," as ho described thorn,
Hut during tho five weeks boforo patenting his dovrce-—protection was
grnntod last wook hut one—ho hnd
workod with vory good results. The
Inventor vouchsafed lho information
that his Instrument wns so readily nnd
enslly brought into piny that It meant,
wherever It was used, tho plant must
ho kept, In porfect ordor, or tho detector, as ho calls It would soon toll tho
tnlo of dofoot, Thoro must bo no
leakage to earth or It would at onco
shut off. ull curront; niul to onstiro
that tho "toll-talo" shnll do Its work
promptly nnd completely at tho Doug-
Ins Dank ColIlorloB, coppor wires are
clnmpod to tlm stool sheathing of tho
armoured cables nt rogular dlstancon,
so thut. lonknges from sources not visible to the oyo Immediately oporato
tho Instrument and dnn.gnr, throntoti-
pil. (ir renl, nt. once nvortod.
Especially valuable Is auch an arrangement whorovor flro damp, nn ox-
posod cnblo nnd a miltablo conductor
might bo In Juxtaposition to croato a
spitrk and—an oxploslon of fire. Tho
curront would ho drawn off through
lho enrlh wires prnctlcnlly before n
Bpnrk could bo gonoriitod. Tho device
Hhould prove a valuable addition to
othor electrical liiHtnlliitlons, such iih
mills, factories nnd foundries, whoro
tnon run thn risk of coming In contucf
with llvo wires; nud Mr, Wlnabora-JKli
will no doubt soon put his Invention
on the niurket,
' If that, Is done,thero Hhould ho fewer cases of dnmngo through flro, etc.,
to property, whothor lu mill ov mdiu
nnd Iohh nppllcntlonH In court for com-
punHntlon for death nnd Injury. Thoro
npponrH In hn un limit to tho utility of
tho dotoclor,
A ft'ii' pi-i'tit'iiu] dtdulte 'tU'ui Dw ]•■•
vontor may not bo out of plnco. Mr.
WitiHborouRh, although born In Hnll*
fax, Nova Scotia, Ih tho son of Devonshire ptmmtH who removed to the
Wostorn hotnlnphero.
T.Vr..***'**   \i\t,   }if,,r\.r\r,ri   itr,,.,,   },/,   V..,-.   nt.
ways Hhown h penchant for electrical
rononrch nnd experiment In hit) own
littlo wny. In the course of tlmo ho
took up electrical engineering seriously, nnd after bolnu In (IiIh country
for somo time he secured a position
in India and burume attnehed to thn
government Mntt of plerfrlr-lnnii nnd
with this party he remained for eight
yearn.
After thnt he proi-ci-dod to Africa
and bocamo olcctrlclan nt tho gold
mine* In Bulawnyo nnd Rhodesia, and
thla occupied another four years of
hli life. Returning to tin-gland ho
joined tho Lancashire ami Yorkshire
Hallway Company's electrical staff ut
tfnrwleh, nrtd romnlrtfd with It tor five,
years, when he left to luke up hi** pie-
■sent berth with thi- Don •tin* Unnk Colliery company, soven or eight yeum
ag* , Since his arrival at Wigan.
Mr. Winsborough, who . is now
a member of "the Institution of Mining
Electrical Engineers, and represents*
the Wigan district on the Executive
committee, has wrought many improvements to the plant, which he prides
himself on being second to none in
the Lancashire mining field. ' The
power is generated by a couple of 250
kilowatt, alternating current generators, driven'direct by high speed engines of 250 horse power each. Underground there are transformers for the
lighting, and the haulage motors are
in power from 25 to 85 horse power.
The furthest motor is close on a mile
from the power house in the direction
of Seven Stars Bridge, Newtown. In
order to avoid damage, to the underground cables through falls "of roof
and runaway tubes, Mr. Winsborough
has had the armoured cables placed
near the roof of the roadways, and behind the bars, with a bit of slack allowed in the event of, anything falling, and to,.prevent stretching until
the breaking point is reached.
Another point is that neither cables
nor motors of any description are
permitted to be placed in the return
air roads; all are on the main intake,
so as to obviate in the case of accident contact with gas laden air charged
with coal dust, the two most dangerous elements that contribute towards
disasters in mine.
Such Is a brief note about the invent
tion and its inventor; and we hope
that the aspirations of Mr. Winsborough in eliminating one of the most,
fruitful sources of danger to life and
property in connection with mining
have been fully lealized—as they appear to us to have been removed.
AVERAGE HOUSEWIFE
Wastes One-Fifth of Husband's Salary
—At least so Says Dr. Harrison
Smaltey, Uni. of Michigan
When you see'this Trade Mark on any Medicinal or Toilet.
Preparation you purchase, it is an assurance to you that every ingre- .
dient entering into that preparation is of the highest quality that
money can procure. What is' even more important, it is an assurance that these ingredients have been compounded, according to
the best formulae known, by expert chemists of long experience, in
the employ of one of the largest wholesale drug firms'in the world,,
the National Drug and Chemical Company of Canada.
As you have, probably noticed, "NA-DRU-CO" is made up of ■
the first parts of the words ''National Drug Company". • It is pronounced "NA-DROO-KO", with the accent on the second syllable.
Being aware of the extensive use in Canada of simple household .remedies and toilet preparations, we felt certain that Cana- '
dians would welcome aline of these goods, sold under a distinctive
trade mark, that they could be sure were not. only of the highest
standard and guaranteed purity, but were compounded by expert
chemists, from formulae that had been well tried out.
One-fifth of tne husband's, salary
is wasted by the average wife through
ignorance of what and how to buy
when she goes to the market.
* The bustling business man, who
has looked down upon woman as a necessary but unproductive being, - is:
realizing the importance of her position in the economy of the time, and
we hear much of her these days.
The untrained housekeeper" is responsible for the sheer waste of one-
fifth of the average salary—waste because, she. does not know how to buy
her foods iu quantity or quality; because she has not known what kind
of foods to give to produce the best
results; because, as a bargain hunter
she Is the cause of the great quantities
of "material jbst.like the gooti,., but
at a cheaper price," which flood our
markets and lack durability.
No man" would employ a purchasing
agent who did.not know the materials
he was to bny, yet woman, with the
greatest purchasing power, goes at it
without knoweldge. As to food, for
the greater part we eat too much.
We certainly,eat too much meat, aiid
the majority of men take too much
stimulant at home, but in' a-.great proportion of cases this may be traced
to the lack of food or the eating of tho
wrong kind-
—Woman-sftauld-havo-modern-equipment in her home, just as man should
have in his- business and the more scientific the work becomes the more interesting , and less of drudgery will
ft seem:. '
  ^l      ;       '
PECULIAR: ACCIDENT NEAR CRES*
TON'HAS-FATAL RE-
'   SU'LTO
What the Laws Say
For the protection of the public the
law of each Province in Canada states
that only thoroughly qualified "men. are
allowed to dispense prescriptions—
these men being physicians or graduates
of recognized Colleges of Pharmacy.
Therefore if a doctor gives you a prescription the laws of Canada require
that it be dispensed by a duly qualified
druggist and not by a man ignorant of
the action of drugs.
The logical conclusion is that as the
laws are made by the representatives of
the people, the people, want protection,
and should welcome the opportunity
of being able to procure in any part of
Canada medicinal and toilet prepare- ■
tions compeunded by expert chemists
and guaranteed by a firm of our standing.
When yci see' the NA-DRU-CO'
Trade Mark you have, this opportunity
and the guarantee for which you axe
looking. '
Source pf the NA-DRU-CO
Formulae
The National Drug and1 Chemical
Company of Canada,, Limited, acquired the businesses and. maintains
the honorable traditions, of.' 2L of thc
principal wholesale Drug. Houses, in
Canada, from Halifax to-Vancouvcr.
All of these firms had' long, and suc-
* cessful careers, some of them: fifty to
one hundred years, and. during, their
existence   they .had   accumulated   a'
splendid, lot.of formula:, which', all be- •
came the property of the "National."'.
After giving, these formula:'careful study and practical tests for several, years.
we have'now brought out,, based on.
them, the NA-DRU-CO' line; of,' about
125 medicinal and toilet preparations.-
All the ingredients in these preparations.
are the best and purest that, money can.
■ buy, an'd they are compounded', by a
staff of expert chemists, each, of.'whom .
ranks high in his profession.. '...'■
We have such implicit confidence in-.
NA-DRU-CO   Preparations-'that   we-,
CRESTON",. Mat-elr 21.—Ono' of the
worst railway accidents' ln tho history
of railroading on the' Grows Nest extension of tho Canadian Pacific Railway occurcd.about It o'clock today at
McNelllie siding nbout four miles cast
of CroRton, by which two mon lost
their lives and one moro Is probably
fatally injured'..
As a freight trnln was engaged in'
shunting cars at Me Nellie siding, ln
ordor to got the1'true!!*: clear for tho
oust bound noon passongcr train, and
just as tho onglno nnd tondor which
wero detached' from tho freight train,
woro In tho act of backing on tho main
track from tho Bl'dotrnclc, the onglno
in somo unaccountable manner jumped tho rail's and plunged down a steep
ombankmont of nbout 150 foot,
On tho ongln-j at tlio tlmo It mnde
Its fatal plunge, wero lSnglncor Jlm
Carson, and head Ilraltomnn Cnmp-
holl, as woIT as Flremnn Ford, Camp-
holl and Ford wen* ltfllod outright and
nro undor tho englno lying 160 foci
holow tho track, while lilnglneor Carson wlillo receiving n broken log and
othor Injuries, wnn nnt klllod, nnd may
yot rocovor. Ho was brought In to
Creston on n hnnd car, whoro hn was
ntlended lo hy Dr. Hondoi'son, aftor
which ho wnn put on thn noon pass-
ongor train and tnkon to the Crnnbrook
hospital.
Engineer Carson, Mio wounded mnn,
tllsplnycrt grent fortitude, whilo under
tho knlfo during IiIh brief slny horv
before leaving for tho hospital at
Cranbrook.
Tho two dond men aro reported to
belong tn Crnnbrook, whilo tho wound-
od ongineor Is also a Crnnbrook mnn.
Tho work of recovering Dw bodtoN
nf tlio dead flromnn and brnJromnn
from iindnrni-nth tho nnglno Ih Rolng
on this nftnrnnon, nnd thev will ho
brought hero during tbo course of tho
dil).
It Is staled Ihnt In going down tho
stoop ombankmont, thn lugo onglno
actually turned throe complete sum-
morsuultH beforo It reached tho Qoat
river.
her early thin evening and will hold
an Investigation Into tho rauka of tho
accident.
Dm. King nud CJroon of Cranbrook
left Crnnbrook at noon today and will
moot tho oantboiind trnln thla aftornoon and will rollevo Dr, Hondorson
nf Crouton who wan occompanyln-r Engineer Carson to the Cranbrook hospital,
The nct'ldenl waa reported over the
local telephone from Krlckaon thla
morning and everything waa In readiness to care for Engineer Carson on
his arrival at Creston.
Provincial Constablo E. Jensen In
on duty nt the placo of Ihe accident
thli nfiy-moon wnl(« tho -fffri-rlnf-f tor
the bodies of Iho two dead men U going on. The numbor of tho engine
wan 8fi7.
offer them.with
,, A Four-Fold Guarantee
The First Guarantee
is the firm behind the. MArDRU-CO
.Trade Mark. , .',*.*
The National Drug. and. Chemical
Company of Canada, Limited, is one of
the largest wholesale drug firms in the '
world,  having a  Paid-up Capital  of.
over Five Million Dollars.   We have
wholesale branches in  the principal
distributing centres in Canada so that
you can at all times satisfy yourself
that there is such a fi'rtui   We are, the
largest buyers of drugs', and do the
greater  part of the wholesale drug
business in Canada*.  We employ a staff
of about nine hundred'peopleanddistri**
bute in salaries, dividends and other
expenses over One Million Dollars annually.   Wc' carry a; stock distributed
among our Branches ofi about Two
Million Dollars, arid inaddition we own ,
real estate and buildings which' are
. to-day worth  about  Five   Hundred
Thousand  Dollars,, and.  other   large
assets,
All this stands as a guarantee behind
each package bearing; tlie NA-DRU-CO
Trade Mark.
The Second Guarantee
of NA-DRU-CO quality Is the NA-
DRU-CO Trade Mark itself.
, Write fer the 19x0 NA-DRTJ-CO Almanac*, giving a list of NA-DRU-CO
articles and prices, witli ether useful information. Address "National Drug Co,
Atortltinf Department, 34 St. Gabriel Street, Montreal."
National Drug & Chemical Company
If we put this Trade Mark on one article only and proceeded* to,advertise
it, plain common sense would, tell us'
that we must make that article good
or we would lose out—for people will ■.'
not keep on buying unreliable goods.   ,
Multiply that' necessity for quality
by oyer one hundred and you have our
position.' On the quality of each NA-
DRU-CO'article is staked not only our
investment ia that article and our hope
of trade iii it, but our investment and
our hope of trade in tlie whole NA- ••
DRU-CO line..
We know 'ihat the quality of the first
■ NA-DRU-CO preparation you buy. will
.practically decide whether you become
a regular user of NA-DRU-CO articles
or not—and for that trial yoa may select any oiie of the 125 preparations.
We welcome this because each article
is. ft to, uphold the reputation of all
The Third Guarantee  ,
of NA-DRU-CO qualitjr is the fact tiiat
NA-DRU-CO preparations are never,
at any time or ia any place,, sold at cut
prices.
NA-DRU-CO preparations are. so.
much, better than thc preparations
whose prices are cut that discerning people prefer to pay full prices for the NA- ;
DRU-CO goods, because they have
the guarantee that every NA-DRU-CO
article is* compounded by expert chemists from the very best ingredients.
The Fourth Guarantee
of NA-DRU-CO quality is short and '
very much to the point. ' If after trying any article bearing the NA-DRU-
CO Trade Mark you are not entirely
• satisfied, return it to- the druggist from
whom you bought it and he will hand
back your money. \He- will do- it willingly, too, because we- guarantee to
stand the loss and; return ,to> hiin every
cent he gives* back to.* you. r
.   NA-DRU-CO Preparations
- Not "Cure-Ails" .
_ There- is no NA-DRU-CO1 prepara- .
_tion"that'will"cure~"everything~and"we—
don't ask you to believe that there is.
But there is a separate NA-DRU-CO ,
remedy tor each common, ailment—a
remedy that will, command the confi- -
d'encc* of the public:
Consult Your Physician
N A-DRU-CQ' medicinal preparations
are not intended to take the placeofyour
physician's prescriptions—far from it.
When you are ill yoa need the physician's skilful diagnosis and treatment,
• and it would be-folly to> depend ore your
, own   diagnosis   and   any. household
remedy, ,
But in emergencies when you cannot
get the doctor quickly, and in many
other cases, a reliable household remedy,
is a real blessing.   *
te put the absolute reliability of NA*
DRU-CO preparations beyond doubt or
question, we are prepared to furnish to
your physician or your druggist, on
' request, a list of the ingredients in any
NA-DRU-CO preparation. Ask these
men, who are men of standing in your
community, and in whom you place,
implicit confidence, all about NA-DRU-
CO remedies.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO,
A. McDougall, Mgp
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
'71
ff\
1
-
ROYAL
HflTEL
FERNIE
Bar. Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
see as onee
., JOHff PODBIElAIfCIK, Propi
""'
7
' ■ " I
If your druggist has not'.he particular NA-DRU-CO preparation you
ask for 111 stock, he can get it for you
within two days from our nearest
wholesale branch.
H0TELFERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Commercial,
and Tourist' House
S. F. WALLACE. Prop.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
Lumber  Dealer
H
All kinds of rough and ilrau-ed liiinlioi
ofCamiadA, Limited
, witolttala / Hallfax-St,
tanehM;   ~
i fHaU(a_-~Sy*k«—Montreal—Ottawa—Kn
H Laniaa--J«uii_p«g-4^^
LABOR AFTER 8 HOUR DAY
Canadian Manufacturers Place   Their
Objections to Verville Act Before
Commons1 Coir.mltten
OTTAWA, Mnrch 2!1.—Socrotnry
Murray on bouulf of tho Cnnndlnn
MnnufnctuvoiH nHBoclatlon wna honrd
bi'fon; tho Hpoclal commlttoo of tho
conimoiiH yoHtorday mornliiK In roforonco to tlio Vorvlllo olght hour dtiy
bill..
The* niiitiufiiotiirora objootlona woro
uum.uiarls'.od air folio wh: Thorn wnn no
nv Id on co 10 hIiow thnt It In dumimdod
hy any conaldwrablo proportion of tho
workliiKitien for wIioho benefit tho bill
ts nllcKod to ho fruinod; nnd thnt It
would conHtltuto nn unwarranted In-
torforuiii'o with Individual liberty.
Mr. Kln«. nilnlMtor of labor, con-
Krutulutm! Mr. Murray on lho thor-
oukIiiu'hh of hin Htatomont, nnd buk-
KOHto.l that Jf tho Trado* and Lnbor
coiinclln witiuld (flvo iih thorotiKh n
Blutomont of thoir uldo ot tho ciiho tho
onm-mltfnt* would hr> Iri pnmionolnn of
vory complete Information.
EPIDEMIC  OR,  NOT?
Port William and Port Arthur Quar«
rel over Outbreak of Smallpox
FORT WILLIAM. March 22— Tlm
honrd of honlth mot lout night and In
vlnw of tho flvo casoa of amollpox roportod In Port Arthur, docldod thnt
tho publio aafoty domnnded thnt noc-
plo bo forblddon to aiaomhlo In thon-
troH and other places of publio amuio-
monl.
As tho clOHlnj? of ftmuitomont resort*
horo will vory MUoly aond iwoplo lo
l'ort Arthur ln quest ot ontortalnrnunt
It was prnctlcnlly docldod at an Informal mootlnK In thn city hall that thn
Intorurban car sorvlco will be discontinued unless Port Arthur places similar rratrlctlons in forco.   ,
FORT ARTIIUIl, March 22— The
rlty rnnnrll met Innt nfRhf and derided that llioro wus no cpldomlc. Tho
school are closed but no further action will ba taken.
Queen's Hotel
RESTAURANT
Undor Now Mnnagbmont
thaa*aamiwmm-emam-mmmmaaaMm%waaaaaaaaaa^
Exoellont  Table and
all whito help
Additional Tablo for
38 More Men
Central Hotel
MILLS ft RSOHWIfl. Props.
A Mosley, Dining Room Proprietor
Best Table
Kvurythinv N'uw nnilJUp-tc-Unto
Worklnpion's   Trade  Solicited
Victoria Ave.'      Morth Fernio
JOHN B. WATSON
■..*>.'
Chartered Accountant, Asslonee, Llq.
uldator and Trustee; auditor'to
the Cities of Calgary and Pernie.
CALQARV, ALTA.
P. O, Box 30B
DEPEW, MacDONALD &
-mean go,,ltd.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND
CONTRACTORS
VICTORIA AVE.
PERNIE B, C.
18 CHERRY  MINE  BURNING
KKWANBB, III. March SC—Thomaa
Hudson, state mine Inspector of tho
Cherry district, who has beon at the
III faiwl t*h»ft since Norember 13th,
said II will be probably two weeVa be-
.fore It will bo safe to etplnre the third
'level to sot 66 bodios yet unrccover
od.
AUlluCf- iriiiG I/O. JL-tbU
Phono 70      Baker Ave, P.O. Box 202
WhokMlo Importers and Exporters
of Wlnos, Drandton, Cordltils, Foruinii
nnd Uoraoutlc Whiskies   ind Gins.
Ltalt.   ftluc'ii ot if el it-si. liiaiitk, ivaiihti,
Hungarian and Gorman Wines, also
Norwegian Punch and Aquavit. Boor,
Portor, Ale and Cigars,
Agents for Waukesha Arcadian Water, Schlltf Boor and tlio famous EIk
Valley Browing* Co. Ltd, Deer, dr-uigh1*
nnd bottlod.,
SpfrMsl attention given to fumll.'
trade.
Our Motto: Purs ooads and qulen
dsllvsry.
Mr, Hudson declared that roports
that the tire Is out are wrong, saying
that It U still In progress at many of
the back tmlrles. THE  DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,     B. C.  MARCH 26 1910
PAGE SIVEft
P,
a
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C;
; A complete line of samples of
Fall Suitings and
Overcoatings
'Worsteds* Serges
and Tweeds
Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
J. C. KENNY
Nowhere in-.the Pass can be
found
SUCH A DISPLAY
We have the hest, money
can buy"of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, * Sausages,
Welnere and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR.CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56
ta*-.
100 tons of good
Upland
Baled Hay
W. E. Barker, Cayley, Alta.
Fernie-Fort Steele
o,
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
___HBMaHB_M_a«a«aaa_i^M__HMai-B'Ba__aaM_^
Bottled Goods a Specialty
LA.GUERRE DOUANIERE ENTRE
NL CANADA.ETi-LES ETATS-UNIS
Elle eclatera probablement le 31 du
mois eourant, de-3 deux pays ne pou-
vant en venir a une entente—I'opin-
ion a Ottawa et a Washington.
.(Le Devour)
OTTAWA, 22*—C'est l'opinion gen-
erale dans les cercles polltiques a Ottawa que nous aurons une guerre, de
tarifs avec les Etats-Unis. Le gouver-
nement canadien serait, dit-on, decide
a s'en.tenir^ la-position qu'il a. prise.
PlusJ'eurs croient que lo president
Taft fera un supreme effort pour evi-.
ter une guerre de tarif, car c'est con^
traire a sa politique qui est de nature
paclfiquo. ' D'apres certaines rumeurs
le Canada prohibera l'exportatlon de la
pate de bois et du bois de pulpe aux
Etats-Unis,si le gouvernement nmeri-
cain applique le surtaxe de 25 pour
cent "ad valorem" sur les exportations
canadieniies.. Nos volsins seraient tel-
lemerit affectespar cette mesure que
les grands 'Journaux', amerlcains, qui
font venlr d'ici leur matiere premiere
exerceraient sous peu une forte press-
ion aupres du gouvernement pour qu'il
miette un terme a la guerre' de tarifs.
Les amerlcains ont pretendii que la
moyenrie des droits eanadieiis sur,les
importations-des Etats-Unis, est' hlen
superjeure, aux droits imposes par le
tarif amerlcain sur produits du Canada. . • -i _ ,
.■ On repond a Ottawa^ qii'apres le de-
bat sur cette'question, il sera constate que, dans la plus forte partie de ses
dispositions, le - tarif americain est
presque prohlbitlf a regard des produits canadiens.   " ;   .'*
En somme, une guerro de tarif nous
affecterait bien moins que les ameri-
cains, car la plupart de leurs importations, ici sont des articles de manufacture, tandis que le bois, le mine-
rai de fer et le charbon, venant ■ du
Canada entrent aux Etats-Unis a des
taux assex bas. .
II fa'ut noter en outre que nous av-
ons des relations "commerciales tres
etendues avec l'Angleterre, la France;
l'Allemagne et qu'un traite de commerce entre le Canada et Italie sera
bientot conclu. Tout donne done lieu
d'esperer qu'on en arrivera a iine entente avec les Etats-Unis avant, long-
temps, carles americains ont'la reputation bien etablie d'etre des hommes
d'affaires qui ne sacrifient pas par
entetement leurs interets ' commerc-
iaux. ,    l   - "
"'A Washington
WASHINGTON, 22—Apres-une conference de vingt-quatre heures avec ses
avaiseurs douaniers, hier.le President
Taft—niavait-pas-encore-pris-de^-deck
sion au sujet de la reduction, de *. 25
pour cent dans les taujf douaniers, en
favour du Canada et de la*France..Le
president a le pouvoir d'accorder cette
reduction aux nations qui ne manifes-
tent pas d'animosite commerciale en-
vers les Etats-Unis.   ' "*   " *    .
On pretend que la situation, pour ce
qui regarde le Canada, est a pen pres
desesperee et il est bien possible que
le grand voisin du nord soit le seul
pays coutre lequel on doive appliquer
le maximum du tarif Payne.    Aldrich.
Le Canada ne semble avoir fait au-
cun effortien vue d'obtenir un traite-
mont preferontiel, on pretend meme
que le president Taft ne pourra falre
aulrcmont.quo de permettro l'appllcn-
tion du maximum aux mnrehandlses
canadiennes. "
On fait cependant remnrquer quo le
tarif maximum nppliquo mix importations canadiennes est. mollis cleve quo
lo droit, impose sur les produits americains Introdwlts' au Canada. Cela
etalt vrai sous le tarif Dlngley ot Test
pnralt-il, encore benucoup plus sous lo
tarif Payne,
Tout, eu Imposnnt ce tarif clove aux
produits nmericaliis, lo Canada a ac-
cordo a la Frnnce une reduction do
droits de 2 1-2 a 5 pour cent ot cob
memos favours ont ensulte ete oten-
dueH a douzo nutros nations curopeon-
nos. Dans ces conditions, on eaporc
fort peu do rousslr n concluro une entente ontro les loux pays.
Herve qui publie ce journal hebdom-
adaire avait affirme que l'apache
Liabeuf qui tua un sergent de ville,
avait ete force a commettre cemeur-
tre par la brutalite de la' police'; II
avait aussi conseille aux ouvriers sujets aux persecutions des sergos, de-
suivre l'exemple de Liabe.ux, D'ou sa
condamnation. .
Parmi les orateurs d'hier etaient
Mrs. Severine "le roi" Pataud chef de
1'union des ouvriers electriciens, et
Sebastien Faure -bien connu comme
1'avocat du, communisme anarchiste.
Chacun d'eux ecorcha le gouvernement, l'armee, l'Egllse' et les autor-
ites publiques en general; et fit le
panegyrique de l'agitation anti mili-
tariste personnifiee en Gustave Herve,
au milieu des acclamations de l'aiid-
lence. "
La demonstration prit fin sans des-
orde et les manife'stants se separerent
en chantant l'lnternationale.
TORONTO, 21—Le premier ministre
h'est pas dispose, dit-on en faveur de
l'augmentation du salalre des, deputes
provinciaux. Sauf cinq, tous deman-
dent que ce salalre solt porte de 81,-
000 a $1,500 par session. Ceux qui
s'opposent a ^augmentation* ont pro-
dult un memoire indiquant que toutes
depenses payees. les deputes retirent
sous le regime actuel $700, pour une
session de.six semaines, ce qui est
plus qu'aucun d'eux peut gagner dans
le meme temps a quelqu'emploi qu'il
soit.
meme que celle payee a nos correspon-
dants de langue anglaise. Maintenant
camarades rappelez yous que ceci est
votre journal, et que pour le faire reus-
sii- votre aide'est absolument necess-
aire, nous sentons que ceci est suffis-
ant pour vous induire a faire tous yos
efforts afin d'arriver a un resultat si
desirable. '
Donc,dans tout local ou il y a des
membres de langue francaise pressons
la nomination* immediate d'un corres-
pondant, vous.rapplelant toutefois que
des sujets ,d'interet general sont ce
qui est requis.     . '   '
REDENZIONE Dl TERRE NOSTRE
A NOS LECTEURS FRANCAIS ET
BE_GE3:
L-v pr* cn-- ooj"- 'I.- notre di-.::.-. -*.
est d'in'-iriuur nos eolle-gues de langue
etrangeredos evenements d'importance
prenant place de temps a autre; les-
quels one ete jusqu'ici ■ publies exclus-
ivement eu anglais. Notre intention
est de remedier a cet etat de choses,
dans la mesure dii possible, et ceci est
notre premier effort- dans cette vole.
Nous ■ vous prions de nous accorder
votre -sincere cooperation -afin-, que
nous soyons a meme de-faire de ce
journal votre organe officiel; une
source d'information par laquelle tous
nos abonnes seront tenus au eourant
des questions interessant les travail-
leurs, non seulement dans ce district
mals dans le moride entier. *
. Nous nous proposons aussi de trai-
ter d'autres sujets interessants;'* en
fait nous esperons,, avec' le temps;
faire de'cette feuille un agent, educat-
eur de considerable importance.
,Notre but est tout d'abord de elm-
enter les liens d'amitie et de fraternite
nationales' et' internationales, de, telle
La grave urgente prcoccupazione
delle tre provincie'pugliesi di Foggia,
Bari e Lecce e sempre quella di ric-
ercare l'acqua potablle che manca, in
attesa che la grandiosa opeia deli'ac-
quedotto del Sele sia comptuta. Op-
portuni studl si vanno facendo per la
ricerca dell'acqua nel sottosuolo da
elevare poi a mezzo di ponipe. La
citta* che insperatamente ha risoluto 11
problema e per ora Lecce la quale av-
ra un acquedotto modello che rlusclra
dl enorme vantaggio per le condlzionl
igieniche della citta, le quali fino ad
ora per le acque inquinate a per la
siccita lasciavano' immensamente a
desiderare. II munlclpio di Lecce ave-
ndo, bandito'un forte premio a chi rlt-
rovasse l'acqua nel sottosuolo, questa
dopo molteplici studi venne ritrovata
dagli l'ngegneri Cozza a Guardati i
circa due chilometri, dalla citta alia
prdfondita di 50 metrl..
L'acqua all'esame chimico risulto
perfetta;- superiore anche all'acqua
Marcia di Roma. Essa e in tale quan-
tita da poter bastare non solo alia-citta di. Lecce, me allintera provincla.
L'estrazione ed il solievamehto dell'acqua sulla gran torre di carico alta
50 metri, viene fatto con due gruppl
termbelettrici ciascuno atto ad est-
rarre dal sottosuolo tanta quantita dl
acqua al minuto secondo quanto basta
non solo per, la patenzialita ed altri
usi domestici all'intera citta, ma anche per l'lnafflamento., stradale La
grandiosa opera ultimata tranne, che
nella tubatura stradale cui si procede
ora verra solennemente inaiigurata a
primavera, e Lecce sara cosi la prima
citta delle Puglie fomita di un acquedotto.
del colore e del paese nel quale essi
yidero al luce.
Noi siamo obbligati di domandare la
vostra indulgenza anche dopo avervi
assicurato che noi siamo spinti da un
ardente desiderio di solidificare, l'or-
ganizzazlbne del dieciottesimo distrct-
to, e che noi non lasceremo mai per-
dere l'occasione e l'opportunita di
promulgare " i gloriosi principi della
nostra istituzione,' e noi, speriamo die
questa indulgenza si sara anticipata
senza esitazlone.
La" convenzione' che appena ora e
finita in Lethbridge ha dato origine in
ciascun delegate a dei principi vera-
mente degni di consideraztone nell'
attesa di renderli irrevocabilio. Parec-
chie ardue questioni furono discusse:
Una di queste cho attiroli piu alta
attenzione, fu la necessita di tenere i
nostri ■lavoranti stranlerl al corrente
delle questioni rlguardaiUi il loro lav-
oro, e, sulle minlera di carbone, le
Industrie che ne derivnno "ecc, affinche essi siano nella possibiltta di dis-
cutere su questi soggetti, e non siano
come per 11 passato tenuti nel buio e
nella ignoranza..
Fu deciso allora che una paglna in
Francese, in' Italiano e in Slavo (ed
anche in altre llngue se possibile)'
fosse stampata periodlcamente, e affinche cio sai possibile fu deciso di sceg-
llere un corrtspondernte nelle lingue
gia dette e dl pagarlo nella stessa
maniera che ora noi paghiamo i nostri
corrispondenti inglesi.
Ricordatevi dunque 0 lavoratori che-
questo e il vostro giornale, e che per
ottenere un successo positivo del nostro prlncipio, nol abbiamo blsogno della vostra cooperazzione.
. Scegliete . adunque senza perdere
tempo, nella colonia o'nel vostro.cir-
colo un Italiano che sia capace di sop-
portare questo posto.'e ricordatevi nel
vostro interesse, di lasciare da parte
ogni ' interesse e simpatia personale,
ma solo scegliere colui che sicura-
mente potra ;proteggere gli interessi
della classe operaia.
tendiamo immediatemente provare a
provvedere a tutte le esigenti richieste
per il loro riguardo.
Atta luopo misero una parte del
giornale messa aparte, noi cercheremo
con ' tuttl modi possibli di aiutare il
tramite e le parola dei nostri ufficiale
di rafforzare l'organizzazione inmodo
di farela piu potente aventualmente in
tal ' caso vi sara mena demoralizza-
zione e deve essere lndetto di portare
membri di tutti le nazionl per complet-
are ii cerchio di avvinzione, ad ogniino
ed In tutti dovrnnno essere abili dl
prendcro il detto giornale ed una in-
tellgentc persona scquitera con cura i
loro uniti Interessi. Degli- arrang-
iomemi furono gia prlsi al riguardo
sulla persona del big. J.W.Benneu della scnola di corrispondenza dl Scranton, Penn. per dlrlgere 11 giornale ed lo
sono niolto.confidento che coliii sara
abile a soddisfare alle esigenze dei
nostri membri ed in tutti le circos-
tonze al loro riguardo. .
■ Veramente la persona del signor
Bennett e un'ottima scelta stante che
si dislnvogle abilmente ln nostra lingua cio faciltera al nostri corrispon-
dlenti.
. In tal caso rltornlamo alla'ppello dei
nostri connozionoli de volcrsi prendore
qualche mezz'ora di tempo per farei
pervenire qualsiasl notlzia che possa
rlguardere'la nostra organizzazione ed
anche di altro genere pagandoli come
vengano pagati 1 correspondentl inglesi.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
CONQUISTE INDUSTRIAL!
EN FAVEUR D'HERVE *
500 personnes ncclament les orateurs
revolutlonnalres a une demonstration contre le gouvernement Francala
**************************
ROMA HOTEL
Dining-' Room and Beds under
New Management,
First class table board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5,00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR     >'
Rates $1,00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining- Ronm M»r,
PARIS, 211 Mum—Uno fonln dn ."000
floclnllHtoH ot UnlonlstoR R'aBsomhln
hler nu'TlvoIl Vniixhnll pour mnnlfes-
ter leur Indignation au mijot do lu
reccnto coiidiummtlon a I nns do pri-
boh, do I'cdltour do la foullle rcvolu-
tlonnnlro "Ln guerre Soclalo," austnvo
maniere", que~chaque membre-de notre"
parti sesente imb'u de cet esprit de
solidarity :qul ne connait point" de
frontiere's, et puisse realiser que notre
prdre a.un.seul objet un seul desir;
eleyer'et ameliorer nos confreres sans
egard a'leur co'uleur !ouau pays qui
les a vu naitre. ■ ■
Nous sommes arrives ,au point, ou
nous devons Implorer votre' indulgence
mals apres vous avoir assure quele
but louahle qui nous fait agir en solid-
ifiaht l'organisation de votre district
est .amelioration'de votre etat et que
mille occasion do promulguer, les
principes de 1'orde no Bera perdue,
nous Bommes certains que l'lndulgence
d'emandee nous sera accordee sana hesitation.
La convention qui vient"de terminer
son travail a Lethbridge fut marquee
par le desir do tous dologues prosohts
de la rendre memorable. Quelques
prohldines ti'es embarrassantB furent
presentos, I'un d'eux lequel fut discuto
n fond est l'lmportance do faire con-
naitre a nos confreres d'autres nation-
alltes, les questions nyant rapport a
lour IndURtrlo; 1'oxploltatlon des houil-
lores, ol. pnr cola lea mettro a' meme
dlscutcr ios mntlorcs s'y rnpportant
avec connnlBBanco de cause, et non
pns comme innlhouroiiBomont Ub le
firent dniiB lo pasBO, bo sontlr neelleeH
et meme Ignores,
II lilt dccldo que des nrtlcles en
frnncnls, Itnllon et slovnquo, ot en
touto uutro langue qu'll nous aoru
posKlhle d'lmprlmer, dovront paraitre
perloillquemcnt, et nfln d'offrlr aux
dlfferentfl locaux uno opportunllo dc
rendre naaiBtanco duns lo moauro do
leur.pouvolr qu'un corrcrpondnnt Bpi2-
clal Bolt nonuno par chucun pour
ocrlrc du pctlts articles dftUB lc» Ian-
guoH inoiitlonnncH cl-dcssuB,
. II fut nuRBl decide quo ln remuneration pour   lours contributions Born la
II nuovo accumulatore di Edison
Quello che fino a ieri sembrava inaf-
ferrabile miraggio, una'specie di Chan-
tecler scientifico-industrlale, 'si e ora
vittorlosamente affermato.     II nuovo
accumulatore. leggero dlT Tomaso * Edl;
son pochi giorni fa fecc la sua pubblioa
corsa di prova con un carrozzone di
ti*am,,"su strada in'forte pendio, ad
Orange-New-Jersey. La vettura, des-
tinata ordinariamente.. a venticinque.
passeggeri, ne contonej;a inye.ee trent-
asette fra cui, pel primo' tratto, id
stesso illustre inventore, e. percorse
tre miglia con la velocita di qulndici
all'ora. Essa pesa- cinque tonnellate,
la meta circa dl,un comuno carrozzone
tramviario; e lunga metrl 7.80 ed e
azlonata da due motori.di 7 cavalll 0
mezzo dl forza ciascuno, notovoll per
resisteiiza e laggerezzti,
Si afferma che questi, motorl posso-
no durare all-inflnito e che in capo a
dieciotto mesi dl lavoro la loro effic-
acia, nnziche diminuita, trovasl aum-
entata. II solo mezzo tli renderli in-
8ervibill e quello dl romporli., 'Essi si
carlcano In circa un'ora e la carica
basta per una corsa di 150 miglia—circa 25,0 chilometri, Le batter'io non
contengono ncldl ma alcnli; loro ele-
mentl sono il nickel el'ncclaio e si
puo dlro cho non vi eslsta aziono chi-
mica. II costo doll'osorclzlo sarebbc
dlmlnulto della mota, e l'ordmarlo de-
prezzamento doll'80 por cento verrebbe
rldotto al 15 per cento,
Al N08TRI LETTORI ITALIANI
ALCUNI    BRAM!    DELLA   CONVEN-
.    ZIONE
■> o
Cio che dice 11 presldente    W. B.
Powell'molti del nostri forestieri dic-
ono, che. utile ci da a .noi.il'giornale'
che cosa fe esso per noi?°.  Io rispon-
do a questi che voglio.assicurare loro
nella commissione del distretto"'potra
essere sicura dello loro ingerenza in-
Trade Marks
Designs
Coi»vriqht8 Ac.
Anyone lending a eketeta and deaerlptlon mar
3ulck)T Aicertaln our opinion f ree whethor »n
iUTentlon lu probably patentable.' CommnnlM.
Mom BtrlotlTconlldentlal. HANDBOOK °n fataata.
lent free. Oldest agency for aecnrlnirpatent*.
Patents takon tbroueb Munn * Co. recalv*
Ijwdal notice, iflthout obarge, iu the   *
Scientific American.
A handsomely Ultutreted weekly. Largest circulation of any sclentlfla Journal. Terms for
Canada, lift a year, postage prepaid. Sold by
all newsdealers.   -
MUNN&Co1!e,Bro8iws.w...
Branch Offloe, «25 S* EU Waabtorton. D,
,,  LABOR MEMBERS
Sketches of British Members From the
Ranks of the Toilers
Mr, J. W. Jowett, one* of the most
prominent, of th<? Labor members,
worked ia the mills at Bradford until
he was twenty-eight, ' educated himself in his spare time, and eventually
by sheer hard work and ability rose
to be a manufacturers manager.     „
.Mr. J. Ward, member for Stoke-on-
Trent, at 12 years old was handling a
pick on the Manchester ship canal and
after that he was all through the Soudan campaign, winning two medals.
He still preserves the pick which he
used to handle with such' consummate
ease. With his great height and
broad shoulders he is the picture of
a working man.
Pew, If any, Labor members have
tried their hands at so many different
professions as has Mr. John Burns.
He first earned his living at Price's
candle factory, at Wandsworth. This
was at the tender age of ten. Next we
find him as a page, boy In buttons,
and after that by a startling change,
at Vauxhall. At fourteen he was apprenticed to an engineer at Mlllbank,
and a few * years later went as engineer to the west coast of Africa, where
he dived among the sharks for a, .lost
lauch propellor, killed snakes, shook
with fever, and read Adam Smith's
Wealth of Nations under tho glare
of a tropical sun.
The next best known among the
collier. M. P.'s is Mr. William Abraham
member for the Rhondda division who
was first elected to parliament so long
ago as 1885. At the 1900 election he
had the imposing majority of. 6000
votes above the Unionist candidate;
while at,.the last election his majority
fell* only thirty five'short of*, nine
thousand.
Sturdy Thomas Burt is another famous ex-collier. His father was a
Northumberland miner. The Right
Hon* Thomas started work In tho forties of the last century as a trapper
at the Haswell colliery, and first .came,
into prominence when, in 1865, at the
age of 28, he became secretary of the
Northumberland Miners Mutual Provident association. He has been mem*
ber for Morpeth "since 1871, a record
which no-other Labor member surpasses.
REQUESTS FOR TIIE
Authentic
STYLE
kkkkkkkkkkkkkkirkkkkkkkkkkk
tn
Fernie Dairy
FRESH MILK
dclivftvcd to all
■jULL'tK of the town
List of Locals District 18
(Corrected by DlHtrlct floorotnry up to Mnrch 7,, 1010)
!
Banders A Verhmt Brothers,
Proprietors
i
NO.
.   20
■Ifi I
431
2183
18S7
(1|)
20*1 ;i
2227
2378
*,~,l>
:P77
2178
2G40
1320
2383
!'.■?! I
12G3
2407
10S8
2850
C74
1233
2829
3334
23r>2
2589
2672
2 inn
102
11)59
NAME
Ilankhead
Deavor Crook,
Bellovuo
Blairmore
Canmoro
Conl City
Colomnn
Cnrbondalo
Cardiff
r.       .,..
K.UIUIL*
CorWn
Diamond City
Edmonton City,
Kdmonton ,
Edmonton
Frank
HoBDier
Hillcrest
Kcnmnro
Lothbrldgo
Lillo
Maplo Loaf,
Michel
PfteHburp;
Itoyal ColllerlOB
Hoche Percee
Htrnlhcona
Tnbor
Taber
'i'nylorton
OEC, AND P. O. ADDRESS
T, Ilradloy, Bankhoad, Altn,
,T, 0. McNeil, IU-nvor Crook, Altn.    ,
J. Durko, Bolli'vuo, Frank, Alio.
O. Kelly, Ulnlrmoro, Alta,
Win, Angoll, Cnnmoro, Altn,
T.' Ilollly, Conl City, Taber, Alta.
W. Orahnin, Colomnn, Alta.
P. Lonnon, Cnrbondnlo, Colemnn, Altn,
J. Aplln, Cnrdlff, Altn.
y      V    ft*       I   T    .   .   *     fl-,. 11*9      I ti**
A. ■Jln-mmon, Corbin, IV 0.
_ nt Kolly, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo, Altn.
C. Y, Lnrrlor, 154 Bellamy St, Edmonton
Richard Thompson, Frazor Flats, Edmonton
N. tlollogny, 200 Hnmllton St,, Edmonton
F>.  ir"1", Vwnlo 1*1   C.
Q. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
J, W Morris, Ilosmor, H. C.
J. O, *Jonofl„IIIllcre**t, Alia.
K, Kvans, Konmaro, N. D.'
L. Mooro, P.* O, 113, Lothbrldgo, Alta
W. L. Evana, Lillo, Frank, Alta.
F. Uonaccl, Mnplo Loaf, nelluvuo, Alia.
Chan. Qarnor, Mlchol, B. C. o
OtJcnr Cnrlion. PanHhure. Alia.
Chaa. Smith, noyal Coll., Lothbrldgo, Alta
L. McQuarrie, Roch Perceis, 8a»V,
A. 8haW, Strathcona, Alta.     (
Wm. RiihboII, Taber, Alta.
E. Brown, Tahor, Alta.
i, Uochu, Tttylodou, Soak.
N'ostre preseiHe programma o dl in-
foi'innro 1 nostro usHocinti dl lingua
Btranlorn, cho o noHtra Intomslonc dl
rlprodurre dl tanto in tnnto gll avvenl-
monti presontl, cho flno nd ora sono
stall stampatl solo In lingua Ingleso,
o noi orn abbiamo dntcrmlnato dl rlmo-
dlaro a questo stato dr coso nol sag-
uento modo:
. La vostra cooporazlone Blncera cl*o
ncceasarla, nfflnche nol non boIo div-
orrono l'organo ufflclalo fru I lavoratori o speclulcineiitc fni i mlnator), ma
Hiiremo In grado honnl dl forniro
notlzlfl dl uenornlo IntoroHse o do ogni
pnrto do mondo,
NoRtro Rcopo o dl svllupparo qiiosto
programma nfflnche quoata pubbllca-
zlono hIii agonto non Indlfforcnta ill
oducozlono per la cIiihbo oporala,
I'rlrno Btdpo o dl coiiBOlldnro I leg-
nml dl anilclzla o dl nuzlonnlo ed In-
toriintzlonnlo fratollnnza, nl flno cho
ogni inombro del noHl.ro, partita, Hia
plena dl quello Hplrlto dl Holldnrlola
cho piiHua ogni from Una, u cho nioutrl
cho II iiOHtro progiiimma ha un hoIo
flno un nolo doildhrlo, 1'lHtmxlono ed
11 mlglloramcntn della noMra rlaflRO
oporala, Bcnzu rotiRldernzlono nlnuna o
♦   DON'T OO TO NOVA 8COTIA
♦
.Aprtit" of i\\n TXfirriiTilrin Hnni
Co. of Cnpo Ilreton N. 8., aro ♦
at work trying to Induce min- ♦
ora of YVIIkeiibarra and other ♦
anthracite mine (owns to   go ♦
thero nnd nenb.  District  nntl V
local   offleora   Bhould   oxort ♦
• •        < ,—.    .1  ... j*.
<•. lM'VI..W,.t IN-*'       **>'•*       *-. *-**.***. kt.'.M. ^
from Bocurlrig   any mon for ♦
Bitch purpose, !' ♦
A Btrlko has boon on In No- ♦
va Scotia nnd nt those mlnou ♦
slnco July 6 with ovory pros'- ♦
poet of winning. ♦
Don't tro thoro nnd try fo do- ♦
feat your brothers who nro ♦
flj?ht(nir for thn rlnht lo ornnn- ♦
Izn nnd hr-tter conditions of ♦
employment. ♦
Stay away. Due notico will ♦
bf ttlviMi    In these columns ♦
whon the striko Is won. Lab- ♦
or paper**, plc-'fl-M* copy. ♦
The first appearance of our beautiful new Spring and
Slimmer Catalogue is bringing an avalanche of requests upon
Hnd it appeared earlier it would not have been authorlta-
us
tlvc with regard to styles. It will show you the approved wearing apparel for 1910, as well as all the new novelties just
brought back from Europe by our army of buyers. Your address on a post-card will bring it to you free of charge.
THE
ROBF.RT
IMP
COMPANY
LIMITED
TORONTO
t i
yfyi- IBV- lUkdiMf , Ijv^. ,li-^   «*>^Vi^Aw««ik('WJl.'E^ijlSi^w^a4_iW_OC*'4*«W^^*<T-iJ.^ lS,ii_i^.'^,T(_V.'i*Jt-^51tlMiJjij.ii^-*i'  »-
»-N»'.A-*. . --_-.
THE DISTRICT: LEDGER, FERNIE,      B. C.-'^ ARCH'261910:
,.-.t.-     .,-v ,-.« *-,,, -jj-- ^
ccp. r. Time- table
'■■
-  *                         Arrive Fernie
'No".r
213. west.":.;,{.:::,.",.....
. 10.00
n8:
'"2i*4'"East's:."."...?.': .".V...
. 17.55
No.
236 Local East-	
.    9.12
No.
235 Local West 	
. 19.27
No.
7 West Flyer :..
. 10.40
No.
8 East Flyer..-....'	
. 20.08
Change takes' effect Sunday June 6.
G. N, TIMETABLE
V
NO.
252      •         '             ,   . ,
No. 251
6.55
, ',     '   FERNIE
11:05
7.13
•'     HOSMER
10.40
7.25
,OLSON
10.32
T.50
MICHEL
10, io
Arrives Spokane 8.30 p.m.
Arrives-Seattle 10.15 a.m.
u-
FAN-TAN
DECISION
JUDGE  WILSON     EXPLAINS   WHY,
THE  CHINK CASE FELL
THROUGH^
The following is tbe decision hand
ed down by His Honor Judge Wilson
in tbe    ease    of 'Rex vs.* See Woo.
which    was pleaded 'before him    recently. ■'
Thero are several points involved
herein which I will deal1 with in
order. ...       „   ,
First, as to«the admission in evi*
dence of the confession made by
Jim Cun to the Chief of Police.that
confession can.not be received as ev.
idence against the accused.
The . rule .is laid down in Taylor
on evidence, "If the confession implicate other persons, by name, still
it must be proved as it was made;
but the Judgo will instruct the jury
that it is not evidence against any
one but the prisoner who made it."
The old case of Rex v. Hearne,
Rex v. Clewes, Rex v. Flotcher, etc.
decide - tbat and ..see the case of
Rex v. Martin (1905) 9 Can. Cr_ C
371. A *•*'■ ' (    ''-•■' --
Tho second point is to the application of Sec. 985 of the Code to the
present case.
When the police entered the house
they allege that a game called fan
tan waa in progress. .Certain men
were gathered.around a table hav
ing counters in front of. them, and
another player, had certain , counters
under cover. No play. actually, occurred in,view,.of the polico. . No
—morroyr^waST-inisight—-nnd-on—tlie
table, where ,the;play took, place .and
no evidence ,of, betting or ' money
except.a man. sitting.rwjth., money
at a side table.. ..All that was ,, se«n
was what-iwoulfl be taken by a
flashlight snapshot of a couple ot
' seconds..expprnre. ,      .,.,'
The articles.seized were a .piece.,of
matting' with. a square .drawn on ■ it
in pencil, a quantity • of Chinese
copper coins,, a few Chinese discs or
boads and a small dark stick.;These
articles, lt is alleged,, aro the necessary adjuncts,for a   game of fan tan
No ovidencewas adduced to show
that tho players purchased the chips
or that tho game was being played
for money or that there waB a hanker. That evidence'could bo procured
from ono of tho players but oo ovidoneo was called apart from, the
police. Taking tho cubo ol Rex v.
Ah Pow.we havo the dlctus ol Bok-
hlio O. J, that fan tan Is not por so
an unlnwlul gamo. I, understand by
that that it must bo proved that
the gamo tails within Soc. 22G ot.
the Code, No special gamo Ia defined ns unlawful, but whon any gamo
Ib played that falls under Section
226 thon tho lnBtrumcntB usod tn
playing such gamo falls within Sec.
985 and tho onus ia shifted.
I cortainly can not And that on.
tho ovidoneo adducod thla caso fall*
within Btich cases aa, Rox.v. Mnh
Keo, nor docs lt como within Sub-
Sec, h ol Sec 226.   .
Does 'it come within "Sub Sec 'a
bf 226? -; The case." must fail oh "• this
point on two'srounds. '■"--'
Fi'rst-^rhere-'.was no evidence what
e'veF that the place was kept' for
gain.
.""' Second—There was- no evidence that
persons'resorted: to' trie house -for
the purpose' of playing: "Certainmen
were "found in, a. house; they_-might
have lived there. -"'.,-..-
" I think therefore that' oh the present evidence tbe Crown must fail,
lit .'.might well be that if the plav-
era .were called as "-.witnesses-. the
Crown's case would be complete- on
the points on which ,it now falls" in
the present case,\ For. example., the
admission:of Jim Ciin while not evidence herein is evidence against him
in any proceedings against him.*
- Accused. acquitted. ■ . '    '.
...P.. EL. WILSON.   - ,.'
FROM LETHBRIDGE
Editor Ledger:
Sir: The following motion and resolution were adopted by the Lethbridge
Trades and Labor council on Thursday
March 17:
Moved: That wo donate the sum of
$2.") to the Industrial Workers of the
World. Spokane to help them in their
fight for free speech."
The resolution was pertaining to
Cottons Weekly: >,
.. "Whereas, it-has come to our knowledge that the. postmaster general In
his recent action is discriminating
against Cotton's \yeekly, a paper that
is voicing the interests of the working
class of Canada;
Resolved: That we, the Trades and
Labor council of the City of Lethbridge
by a unanimous vote go on record as
opposed,to said action, such being an
infringment of the freedom of the
press, and,that copies of this resolution be sent to C. A. Magrath M. P.,
Senator DeWeber, Postmaster General Lemieux and to the local and labor
papers.
H. A. Maveety
, ■                      *         ■   Secretary'
  ,m<  - '     °
CARPEEritERS ATTENTION!
0*yving to the scarcity of artisans in
Medicine Hat a carload of carpenters
plasterers, etc.,-is,now being made up
in * Minneapolis, and the men. will be
brought to Medicine Hat in April. —
Medicine Hat News, March 24th, 1910.
This appears like1 i breach of The Alien Labor Law, and we would urge upon ou rcarpenter friends tp look into
this, and if there is ho dearth of skilled workers out ,of employment to test
tlie validity of this piece of remedial
legislation. ''-"_;,.
Exceptions are allowed when lt can
be-conclusively shown" that'it was impossible to procure the' labor in   this
country.-   '"'<-.,     ' ■' ■
__S_exe_aljc_ases;haY-eJ)'eenrtried_under
this Act and companies'.heavily'fined
for infractions.,-,    ■,'•. ."..--!.'       ■:■•'.'..-
UNFAIR .Lj'ST
CORPORATION   OF  THE   CITY   OF
FERNIE
I'|.'iiH<- tnko notice that 30 days after
date dny powor nnd light will hn Inula!-
led,
CoiiKumoivi flmtlrlrio; to uno day powor ['lt'iiH'' mak.- application to tho un-
rii'mlxm-d.
IliiloM will ho iiiippll.'il on applied*
lion.
O. H. BOULTON
City Clerk
. cnilo, March 'ii, 1910,
SAVE
Your    job    Fi tilling
orders  for; me
m
Will l*o. open in it
few days* in llio old
liimk of Hamilton
iSuiitling, «>n IV.Hut
Avcfitu', l'-Tnio;
W. S- Stanley
Of the American  Federation of
Labor
' ,--,   ,      ,   ,'   .       .-!";.',..■ ;r «*
.The following is part of the" unfair
llsf. ot thti American Federation of La-
bor. Many of the daily newspaper
readers who hear as' much about the
"Unfair List" during these days may
bo anxious to know what names*' of
firms the A. F. of L. "Unfair List" contains,      * ', ■
Undor theso circumstances it becomes the duty of the labor press to
koep its renders proporly informod.
What aro papers published for if not
for tho purpose of giving correct Information?
Cigars: Carl Upman of New York
City; Kerbs,,Worthblm & Scliiffer of
Now York City, manufacturers of tho
Honry Georgo and Tom Mooro cigars.
Flour: Washburn-Crosby Milling Co
Minneapolis/Minn'.; "Valloy City Milling Co., Grand Rapids, Mich.  ■
Whisky: Finch, Distilling Co., Pittsburg Pa.
Clothing; N. Snollenherg &Co„ of
Philadelphia Pa,; Clothiers Exchange,
KochoBtor N.Y.; n, ICupponhelmor &
Co,, Chicago.
CorsotB: Chicago CorBot Co., man-
iifncturorB Knho and In MargiiQi'tlo
COI'HOtB.     '
Gloves: J. II. Cownlo Glove Co,. Dob
MoIiioh. Ia.; California Obvo Co,, Napa, „Cal.
Hnts: J. a StotBon Co,, Philadelphia
Pn., 12. M. Knox Co., Brooklyn N. Y.,.
Henry II. Roolof & Co., Philadelphia;
Pa.
Shlrla nnd Collara: United Shirt &
Collur Co., Troy, N. Y.; Vnn Znndt,
JnrohH and Co,, Troy, Cluolt, I .alioily
and Comp'nny, Troy, N.Y.; JamoH R.
KnlBor of Now York City.
Tho Iliilterlck Pal tern Company of
Now York.
Cement: Portland PontnHiikir Comont Co., Jackwon, Mich,; Utlcn Hydrau-
Ilo Comont mid Mfg. Co., Utica, 111-
Inolg. 'i'
Hlovua; Wrought Iron Rnngo Co,, Bt,
Unfit, Mo„ UnltrtdStoton llo-ilor Co,
Iniirott, Mich,, Uurni'y Foundry Co, al
Toronto Ont,; Homo Stovo Works, of
Ilrnoklyn Watch Caan Co., Bag Harbor
tmllntinrinllq 'ml : Niiolr fltovn and
Itanao Company, HI. Louis.
IIbkh; (lulf Hag Co., Now Orlf-nns,
La., branch Romlfl Ilrothora, St. liOula,
Mo. ,,
rtrooma anil Duaters: Thu Loo Proem
kthI Thmter ■Cnmnany, Oavenport, la.;
It. -OooIIorfM Sons, CirtlevllJe, Ohio;
Merklo-Wlloy Broom Company, Pnrii
111.
Watchoa; Koyatono Watch Cano Co.
of Philadelphia; Joi, Pany, Ilrnoklyn,
T. Zurbnifg Watch Caao Co,, Ulvor-
mn N. .1.
C. W. Post, Manufacturer of (traps
Mutt and Poult)m Cereal, llatili- Creok
Mich.
Fibrewar-*: Indurated Fibre Ware
Co., Lockport, N. Y.
rurnlture:' Amaiirnn Hilllard Tnblo
Co., Cincinnati. O.; O. Wiin«r Piano
Co.. hrooklyn N.Y.; KtfcU i'Uuo Co,
Cincinnati O; Derby Deik Co., Roitoti
'Maiia.**
The   Store   of
M.';>V,\-.'.'
A Stetson Hat Free     •
7'.   :t.    ■       ■       -   -
For Saturday's selling ' we,/Will   present
you free of charge with „ev,ery Fit-Reform
Suit, a John D. Stetson ifaU'    While our
price for this hat is $4, tliey' are regularly;''
sold in town for ?4.50 and.'$5M.        .     ■ '.
Fit-Reform clothing-is.the highest grade
of Ready to Wear Tailored, Clothing, arid .
the price of each Suit as set by the manu--
facturers is stamped in-the inside pocket '
of each coat.    You pay the same price here
as any other Agency, either in Toronto, Mon-'
. treal, Winnipeg or Vancouver.
Negligee Shirts
of the well known W..G. & R., Crescent
and Hagan manufacture, made up in
the newest patterns and designs. Regular ?1.25, $1.50 and $1.75; your,
choice for  Saturday's  Selling $1.00
. '.Groceries .. -y',' 7
A FEW GROCERY "EVERY DAY" PRICES '*
THAT MEAN AN EVERY. DAY SAVING "
TO YOU.    .
Quaker  Brand   Corn, Peas,   Beans' per •
tin   .........' .' 10c .
\ > *   r '
.Quaker Brand Tomatoes, per, tin 12V2C, ■ .."».,
V or 9 tins for $1.00
Laundry Gloss' and Corn   Starch 1 lb.   • • '
pkgs, .3 pkgs for' ' 25c
Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soaps, per Bar. .■'. ,5c'
White Swan laundry Soap, 6 bars for. .20c
1" lb. Packages Pearllne, per pkt .-. .15c
Ranch New Laid Eggs, per doz  .30c
Fancy, Table and Cooking Apples Five .'
pounds for 25c;  per box  $1.95
Christie's Sodas per tin   30c
WHITE COTTON WORKING GLOVE8
Regular Three Pair for 25c; For Saturday selling four pair for  .' 25c
Saturday Specials    '
'.--'*. i -., .,
Huntley* & Palmer Biscuits per lb .25c  '
Three Pound Packages Washing Powder, each ..'.   ..-.   .'. 15c
Bight lb, ■ bags ,OgiIvie    Roiled  Oats,
•each 25c
"Big 3!' Shoe Polish, 4 tins .. .u........25c
We are sole agents   for CARHARTTS
Union Made Overalls, per pair... '.. .$1.40   ;
A Nettleton Shoe
for Easter will put the finishing touch to
your new outfit. This shoe is without
doubt the finest Gentlemen's Shoe made,
and_ is regularly sold in the American cities
for* $7.00 and $7.50. --,
The regular"selling price on this side.of
the lino is $7.50 to $8.50, but we offer you
for Saturday's selling "The Nettleton" made
up in the newest spring lasts and in all the.
various leathers for tlie exceptionally low
' price of , " '       -
*$}',■
%
=S5;85~per_pair
At Cost and Less
."   ■ '• o*-   '■"
To make room for our spring consignment
of Bamboo Furniture we offer for Saturday's
Selling'our stock of this line, comprising ta-
.hies, Stands, Easles, Fire Screens, etc., at
; cost and less than cost;;.
.      .       YOUR OPPORTUNITY
" v Quartered Oak, Genuine Leather   couch,,
spring*seat, head and ;edge, regular   price
$43.75 for Saturday's selling $28.50
Notwithstanding1 the heavy advance in
the price* of all. cotton goods, we are still
selling warranted fast*color, -". .
English; Prints,, nine .'yards for....... .$1.00
. Scotch' Ginghams, 9 yards for .. 7 $1.00
. Our showing r of Easter ..Neckwear in the
newest, and.most'exclusive,designs win-dfe*
light and please you.: ■•-. :We invite ypup.viu*,-
spectlon.
BUSINESS   LOCALS
Get-your baby* carriages at Trites-'
Wood.Co. **•.-    ,, 4    ,   ' ■
Always ready: ham sandwiches and
coffee at Ingram's.
,; Select   your   stock,. of   SlmmerS
Seeds at Suddaby's.
, Remember the spot to buy furnituro
and stoves is at the Trltos-Wood Co,
If you want help of any kind phone
65: Tho East Kootonay Realty Co.  •"
See the East Kootenay Realty Co. nd
this week. ,  It means money to you.
Hot ton or coffco served at Ingrams
pool room.
If you are a particular smoker got
your smokes at Ingram's.
,T«Bt the thing ohrly in thn morning
or, Into at night: n hot lunch at Ingram's.
For sale: Cooking stove, wood hent-
or, fow household articles. Apply T.
A.* Paton, Fornio Annex, cornor Cox
nn,d Chlpmnn. —30
Tho Misses Euler Invito you to thoir
spring millinery openings next,Wed-'
ncBdny and Thursday, March 23rd and
2-ltU and '-following days,
Sowing ma'ciilnoH, drop head, the
host In tho land, fully guaranteed for
10 years from $28 each up at Trltofl-
Wood Company.
Window BhadoB cut to fit your windows without extra chnrgo; lnrgo sizes
mado to ordor at tho Trltos-Wood Co.
For Hiilu: Quarter section of flrst-
claBB land within three milos of Plnclior station, Alberta (virgin soli.) Apply Lodgor.
Shoo repairing buulnoflB for Balo:—
Singer machlno nnd all tools, first
clnflH opening. Apply Box 170, Claroa-
holm, Alta.
If you want a Job lot ub know. Wo
have nil UindH of Jobs waiting. East
Kootonay Realty Co.
To Ront: Cottugu with bnth, furniture, Blmdt'8, nnd curtains, range and
heating Btovo for Halo at bargain, Apply V. Whito, Coal Offloo.
0111 Hoarding I louse. A comfortable
homo for tho Miner. Tablo board $6.00
pur wook; meals 25c; room and bonrd
by tho month, $23.00. All whito help. E.
Raylor and J. Ford, Propu. 2tp
Vftnnr- "RnrHiibTriBn Cidi wontfl work
on farm noar Fornio; 18 monthu ox
pu it-nit. iit Dw l.i*i,i, I yiw In Ihi
Weal, now on dnlrylng farm near Kdmonton, Expect* to ho In Fornio to-
wurda ond ot March, Apply stating
wage* etc., to Box 5 District Ledger,
_i*rnle. '.M
For Sale Cheap
9 Room aii Modern House
Lot CO * 120 Uet & fcucul. Electric Light Fixtures, Hot A Cold
Wafer, alto Bath. Owner will let
jo at a bargain and on very reasonable term*.
Apply Box 161        Fernie
-IS
= '•1
JUST
MOMENT
. 4. .*.
■?i\'■■_-.'. *P^p'5n*;arid-'ity-.a sample order y
iyi -7S of1 Griffin's   Ham  or  Breakfast
'yyiyyy Bacon,* You'll enjoy iti''":        w "
Pay  Cash  and  Just  Smile
W, J.   BLUNDEtt,      Civfeusacan
i
I
♦
1
N E W
ARRIVALS
Ladies dCliildrens
White Muslin
Onderweap
Corset Covers, Drawers
Skirts, Chemise, Gowns
Ladies Wash Princess Dresses
Lace, Muslin, Duck & Cords
71
I
Ladies Wash Goat Suits
Linen, Ducks & Cords
Gliildrens' Spring Coats
Cashmere -&~ Broadcloths
Agent Butterick Patterns
Trites-Wood
LIMITED
Styles for Gentlemen
The Fit-Reform way is the way of all gentlemen.
Fit-Reform Suits and Overcoats arc generally
recognized as the highest type of hand tailored
garments. As such, they are worn by Canada's
best dressed men.
Our display of Fit-Reform garments shows the
styles that gentlemen will wear this season.
These models are exclusively     jjfjfi
Fit-Reform—created by thc Fit- Jkr
ry r '   • J    * **    .    .1 .    y*f   w*m%
Keiorrn designer, tne oesi in tms
country. ;
Let us showyou the latest arrivals
in both Suits and Overcoats.   3
SATURDAY
SPECIALS
Call and see our specials in Groceries for
Saturday,
*
Spring   Suitings   from,   $16   up
Made to measure, Fit and material
guaranteed
McBEAN  &  WAGGETT
Next Salvation Army Barracks
.!     •.'I
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
Sole Agenh in Fernie
ii:ii k
uill WI
sin
y^^^t WA_ ■I^m^M
The
SUITS   and
OVERCOATS t
and up made to your measure.
latest New York and English
 Cloth and Styles	
PANTORIUM \\mv^VMi*^
CLOTHES GLEANED, REPAIRED PRESSED
Advertise in the District Ledger

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