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The District Ledger Jan 8, 1910

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Array 1"
Industrial Unity is Strength
VOL.V.   No.23
The Official.Organ of District No. 18, 17.M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
FERNIE,   B. C, January 8th,   1910
$1.00 a Year
if i
Over Half the Province is
Declared For No
More Booze
I? ■
ri ■.
V o
V 7'
TORONTO, Jan. 6---The latest returns computed by the Dominion Alliance show that local option carried
in 74 places.
"AVe, now have more than half of
the municipalities in Ontario. We
are on the,home stretch,' declared
Secretary B. H. Spence today. The
return of the vote shows the following
figures: ,"-,-'      _     ■  .'.
Local option by-laws carried in 73
places.   .
.   It was lost by the three fifths clause
in 55 places. ..*.,"
Lost on straight majority in 18
Repeal by-laws were- defeated ih 13
places.' -'        .'.•-
There are now fewer'bar rooms in
Ontario than there were in the year
1887 when ihe number was 1862 during the Scott Act.     '
Dr: Saunders of Waldo was In the
city on Saturday. „"
Mrs. Jessie Couzens visited Baynes
-Lake during" the week.
The Imperial Bank will occupy their
new and handsome premises on Monday.        ■ - . .
Midwinter sale*for economy hunters
to prospect in. ? Women's dressy winter coats, furs,,-handsome dress hats.
Valeu worth while. The Misses. Euler.
The addition to the Fernie hotel
was opened this,week.. The new
dining room was opened on,/Thursday
but the bedrooms will not. be fit for
^habitation until next week.
., "A regular meeting. of the Trades
' and Labor Council'will be held in the
Miners "hall on -Monday evening lit
7.15. . All delegates are requested to
be present as Important business will
be conisdered.
The Baynes people are going to give
a ball ih the. club house hereon Jan.
14th! for the benefit.,-of»..the*,,school,
house to, help with the-.flnlshlng. Several, from Fornio will likelyLbe,,lU;.at--
tendance. ,--    -*-'•-,     *
The Gill Boarding House Is going
, under new management oh - the ■. 23rd
of the month. A home for. miners, all
white help, board by the month will
be $23.50. B. Baylor and I. Ford,
proprietors. 31
The inland revenue returns for the
year, 1909 are:
Spirits .;  .... $1,682.20
MBit ... 1,099.00
Raw leaf ,.      71.12
Cigars ;...      26.00
Editor Ledger:.'-* ,',   ,*•
Sir: Kindly publish the enclosed.,report and oblige Michel Chritsmas tree'
committee: ."
Thomas Crahan,.;Michel, B. C.$100.00
Elk Valley Brewery, Michel..   25.00'
Calgary Brewing Co. Ltd. Cal
,gary; Alta.   :.v,. ...    25.00
Great  Northern  Hotel,  New"
Michel    '■ •  25.00
H;   F.   Weber,   New  Michel. ,
B.  C \yi'  25.00
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company   Ltd 25.00
Imperial Bank,  Michel       20.00
Andrew Kennedy, New Michel 10.00
Western Grocery   Store, New
Michel"...     10.00
P. Burns Co. Ltd. New Michel 10.00
41 Meat Market, New, Michel.    10.00
F.  Pomahiic^  New, Michel     10.00
Estabrook Bros, New Michel.    10.00
Eckstein and McTaggart, Fernie,   ...   ...'  .-•••,;•'••   ,10.00
Somcrton Bros. New Micliel./    7.00
Seigie Co. New, Michel,      5.00
Dr. R. C. Weldon, Michel .... 5.00
Geo.' Fisher, New Michel...". "3.00
Thompson's Boarding . -house   «*    ''
Michel      2.00
Mrs. J. McKinnon, Michell '.'...     1.00
Friend    '. .,  ,1.00
Michel Local Union No. 2334,   ,
>U. M. W. of A *..' ■ 838.00
I '
Total,.'. .„ $2,878.32
Tho Nolson Dally News havo just
Issued a specinl addition to their regular paper dealing with, the annual
output nnd progress of mining In B,
C. ,' Tlio mining soction has beon
prepared by Mr, E. Jacobs, ono of the
bost informed writers on mining mat-
tors ln tho country, and the rest of tbe
edition Is on a par with the progi-osis-
Iveness or tho Dally Nows.
Services will bo held In the BaptlBt
chapel noxt Sunday at 11 a.m. and
7.30 p.m. Pastor' Spidell will preach,
Morning subjoct "Tho Power of a
Mother's Tears." Evening,, subject:
"Tho Desolation of Sin." Tho chapel
Ib at the cornor of Howlnn.1 avonuo
and Jnffroy Btroot.
Total cash contributions  $1177.00
Michel Reporter, printing.'for" .*•
same  ....... ".      6.00
T. Eaton Co. Ltd.    presents
valued   ...   7. ...*..     10.00
Number of children given presents
up to the age of 14 years, living in old
and New Michel, 572.
*   Cash .paid-to H. F. Weber, New Michel B. C, for supplying of presents
to chlldern, $11777'
i, * *'-.     ■ '       '■■ . ,
-Report of Committee ,
, Resolved that we tender all persons
who assisted to help the, children's
Christmas tree, a vote; of thanks
through the columns of the Michel Reporter and the District Ledger. And
that we also tender a vote of thanks
forward'and bi|slpessllke way in which
he fulfilled his tender to the entire
satisfaction of everyone concerned. -
And be lt further resolved that we
condemn the action df Trites-Wood
Co, Ltd. for trying to take undue-advantage, of the tender for supplying
goods to the Christmas tree, by soliciting the contract,with the offer of
$100 to same, withdrawing'this offer
when they did not receive, the contract, We consider that it Is'noth-'
Ing more than, a bribe.
' Be it further resolved that we return to Mr. e/K., Stewart, manager of
Trites-Wood 'Co.," Ltd. at Michel, his
private cheque for $5,00 towards the
same, being that we do not wish to
accept same from a.person whom we
consider, tenders his hand to such
unbusinesslike practices. ,
. Thanking you for the space In your
vnl.iable paper, I remain, on behalf
of the Michel Christmas Tree Committee',
8ec>Treae, Michel B.C.
The   Workingmen's Club Handed a Sur-
prise Package—A  Bad Knock  to
Start New\Year---McBride
In True Colors
The workingmen of the city have
been turned down by the McBride
, That is all there is to the fact that
the Workingmen's club of this city
has been refused a renewal of their
license. *
When they first applied the license
was granted, and thinking that there
would be no such one-sided deal put
through, the committee of the ciub
went to considerable expense to fix
up a nice bar, and get fixtures installed. They conducted their business
along  respectable  and, sane  business
They allowed no drinks to.be served
to intoxicated persons. ..They do not
keep a lot of worthless stiffs hanging
around to get free drinks, because you
have to be a member of the club before you,can be served, and the hangers-, on are not allowed or let -stay
around at all. '        ,
They applied for the renewal of .their
license according to the requirements
of the law, and they are coldly turned
down. -    ■       ,
When asked for a'reason the superintendent of Provincial Police , forwarded the .following telegram tb thc
Club's solicitors:
"Consider that issue of license
would,hot be in the*public interest."
It.is-more than probable that the
Club at Coal Creek will meet with a
similar fate. ■'
Why is this allowed?  .- '
Can Mr. W7R.- Ross give any good
or sane reason why the Workingmens'
Club should be tabooed and the club
of the business men be granted their
1 * o.
Are the hotels in the public interest
so far as the bar is-concerned?
If a license is granted to one, club it
should be to the other, as long as they
run an orderly and proper place, as
they have alwaysdone.
The Free'Press in their usual ignor-,
ant way has the following reference to
the matter:
"The cancelling of this license was
the result of a searching investigation
upon the part of J. Ir). McMullin, in-,
spector bf provincial'police, who found
that the club was run almost entirely
for the booze end "of the business and
reported that in the interests of the
citizens of Fernie the., license should
be cancelled."        -*•
We leave this in the hands of any
impartial person, to judge as to the
sanity of the report. , If this really
was the report of Mr.. McMullen we
would like to see the data from'which
he worked.
.. ,>        '
The club have oredred an immense
lot of books, billiard tables are to be
installed, reading rooms are fixed up
and the usual club advantages are to
be available. ,,
Of course it could not be done in a
day, and Mr. McMullin knows that,
but that is not the truth, as anyone
who thinks will see.
The usual Fernie clique have been
at work, and the sooner they are put
out bf, business the'better.
What about the several hotels that
have been running their bar, and their
bar alone, for several months?
Why were they allowed?
Were thsy not' only running their
bar for the "booze end of the business." Some of them are still going
Snug1 Sum Taken From
Cash Register Early    I
This Week !
A daring theft was pullod off at tho
Queen fl hotel on tho Bth botwoftn tho
hours pf four and flvo a.m. Two mon
LllOLtl.nl ixi'll Dll ul 6WU1C }Z'..      7mO  *■'■*•'
tlffd IIjjjI Dw linrtr-nflrr wirt forrotlon
to fasten the .front door and that is
how (hey gained access to tho pluco.
Within half nn hour Constnblo Gorman had placed under arroRt" Mlko
.W*.xi Ai.-a teli* WIM-sk:.***. sV.zv Cc?.****
Thompson, both noted crooks. When
searched Ward had silver In largo
quantities In flvo and ton cont plecoB
but no bills, Wllllnms hat! some silver In quarters and halvos and somo
$1 and $2 bills. Tho night boforo a
robbery was committed al the O. N.
whw« tome trunks woro opened. 8. V.
Downey, tlio G. -N. detective, very ably
assisted tho city polico In tracing this
crlrao to the doom of these two men,
and tUoy were given their preliminary
hearing before Maitl strata Whlmstoi*.
who sent them up for trial.
•The management committee of tho
now Grand Opera House havo lately
placed with M. W. Elley an order for
a new Heintzman & Co, piano special
doslgn, stylo C S, which has already
been shipped from tho factory at Toronto and Bhould reach horo in a couplo of weeks time.
Some- time ago tho management
communicated wllh at lonst a dozen of
the leading piano manufacturer not,
only In Canada but also In the United
States and, aftor carefully considering
tho relatlvo merits of tho different. Instruments, wero unanimous In favor
of tho celebrated plnno manufactured
by "Yo Oldo Flrmo" or Heintzman ft
Co. AlnioRt any other mako could
havo been Boeiireil at a much lowor
prlco but tho commlttoe wlstoly acted
upon tho theory that the best Is In thu
ond tho cheapest and that nothing Is
too good for concort uso on tho stage
of their handsome now opora house.
Chief McDougall Gives Details of the
Work of the Fernie Fire   ..
'„,L     '" '  .', ' ■Jr'}9htert'-y:.:y^ --**-, *,„.,,
His Worship thV'Mayor "and City;
";,"   Council:     '     , ■*."'"
Gentlemen:  •'.,,',..
I beg to submit herewith annual report of Fire Department for the* year
, The number of fires reported during the year was 24. . The losses for
them aggregated $5,313.60. ,1 have
prepared a classified list of fires giving supposed causes -which are aB follows:
Over-heated stoves  2
Boiling tar .'.  2
Lamp exploding  1
Carelessness in using candles..'.... 2
Chimney'.   ;.....*.. 1
Children playing whh matches  1
Bush flroB :  2
Burning rubbish  5
Unknown causes   6
Total 24
A noticeable improvement has boon
made during the year by the purchaBO
of much needed equipments, but which
require still further augmentation to
keep pace with the rapid growth of
the city.
It will be necessary for' the incoming
Council for the year 1910 to consldor
the advisability of installing the Game-
well Fire Alarm System throughout
the City, also sub-stations in the north
end and the Annex, with the addition:
of. 500' feet of hoaeTv iJwould also,re-
commend * the''addition' of two full-paid
men so' as to-make, the Department
second to none and equal to any in the:
interior of' British, Columbia.   .
The conduct of the members of the
department • taken on the whole has
been very good..' There have been
but two dismissed, one for insubordination and one for failing to answer an
an alarm.
"In conclusion I wlsh-vto express'my
sincere gratitude to the Mayor nnd
City Council for the manner ln which
they have assisted me ln carrying on
my duties as chief of the department,
.1 also wish-to lake this opportunity to
thank the police force for their prompt
attention and efficient services rendered at fires, and hope tho Burae good
exiBtent feeling betwoen the two departments will long continue,'
I also wish to thank the officers and
members of my department for tho
hearty support Ihey havo always glvon
me, and tho able way In which they
have filled their respective dutleB,' the
prcBB for their Impartial views and
tho public for their courtesy,
All of which 'ie'respectfully submitted by
■  • .-   Chief Fire Department
The tea and concert of the Co-Operr
atlve society bn the lst insCwas a success in' every' way. A large' number.'
sat down- to a goodly" feast! to which
justice.was done.,... In-the evening,an
adjournment - was made to the Miners Theatre where the following programme was gone through. Chairman's
remarks, J, Wilde; duet, cornet and
piano, Messrs. Goodwin and Ward;
song/J. T. Puckey; recitation, R. G.
Noble;'song, "My Sweetheart When
a Boy," Mr; T. Hardman; duet, cornet
and auphonium, Messrs. Goodwin and
A." N. Other; song, T, Biggs; duet,
pianoforte and violin, Miss Ward and
Ernest Ward; recitation, Mr, Brlndley,
songj Mrs. J. E, Shearer; Mr. A, Ward'
acted as accompanist.
Tho spirits have again made their
appearance In Fernie. We thought
tlioy wero burned out In the fire of
V.I08, but It. appears not, for they were
very much In evidence on Sunday evening, Three raps ploaso.
Tho first carnival of the seaBon will
ho heid on Tuesday evoning at tho
rink. The new musical organ Is expected to be installed by that timo and
several good prizes will be given. Tho
Ice Is suro to be In good Bhapo bo
tbat a large crowd will take, pnrt in
tho carnival. Skating for, thoso uot
In codtumo will commence at 9 o'clock.
Wo think tho management of tho rink
might havo got bills prlntod instead
of running out typewritten notices.
To his Worship the Mayor and Council of the' City of Fernie:
'■ On behalf of the police department
I beg to make a yearly report., The
amount of fines paid is §5999.70. The
cases for the past year brought before the city police court we're 429.
Since I have taken charge of the police department on the 6th of \Tu'ne
last only two case's of a serious nature have occurred in our eity where
the criminals have not been arrested.
One was the blowing of the G. X. safo
on August lOtho' I may say that we
got a clue which was afterwards followed up by the G. X. detective S. F.
Downey, whicli resulted in the capture
of the man who was strongly suspected of blowing the safe at the G. X. depot.
He was not tried on this offence as
the evidence was not strong enough
against him, but was sentenced to 5
years for a crime similar to the one
wo had here at Liddy, Montana. The
other case was the theft of four grips
from the C." P. R. "baggage, room,. the
baggageman forgetting to lock! the
door when leaving for the-night. I
may say. in this case also we had a
man suspected, but not' having the
goods on him could not effect on arrest, but kept a close watch on him.
He left the city but I sent a good description of him to all towns on the
outskirts of Fernie.
This case has been taken, up .by the
C. P. R. detective Harris.
I may say that all other* crimes committed in this city have been very successfully dealt with by this department.
I may say that the peace of this city
for the'past six months can compare
favorably with any other city of its
size in this western country.
I also state 'that the health of the
city has' been good,- during the past
■• If I may be permitted to say a few
words ori behalf of my men, I can
truthfully say-a better or more sober
lot of men would be hard to find. •*• J
find them willing.,*ind ready .when,cal-.
led in any case1 of emergency arid can
be thoroughly'.relied ;op _n the -axecu-
tion-of-theirj-duty-.—->. ^ e^—
I also take this opportunity of
thanking the fire chief for-the" able,
way in which he has'asslsted us'when
called,on.".; "  '   ■ • •"■■ -'■- ,*   ,,'•■■.:,
The number of cases for the.year is
as follows: ■
Prisoners who paid their fine ,...271
Prisoners who served "time in the
city  jail    I....":.... .92
Cases dismissed '.'.  11
Suspended sentence ... 7,48
Intradlctlons    7
I am, gentlemen, respectfully your^
Chief of Police
North End Ratepayers in
The Field  With   a
Good Ticket
A large ancl enthusiastic meeting
was held in the school houso hall last
night by the residents of the,north
end for the purpose of bringing forward two,or more candidates for the
forthcoming civic elections. The meeting was very largely attended, over
150 being present.
Several  spoke about tho  way    in
which the present council had neglected the north end and thc Annex. The
object of the meeting was outlined by
I. Covert, who was appointed, chairman.     After much discussion it was
thought advisable tb try and get the '
Annex people to run a man to represent   their  interests.      A' committee
was appointed  to  canvas  today and
get the feeling of the people on the
matter.     Wm. Scott was offered one
nomination and after.declining he was ,
prevailed upon to accept.     A commit-'-
tee was appointed* to interview  Mr.
Digby and Mr. Morrison to see if they
could be persuaded to stand for civic
honors.     The meeting was ajourned
to mere at the same place on Sunday
(tomorrow) afternoon at'2.30. A large
attendance will no doubt be present
tomorrow afternoon  as  the  interests
of the north end and the Annex are
identical so far as improvements are
concerned.     During the meeting Mr.
Robertson of the Crows Nest Trading
Company was requested to stand as
a school trustee and he consented to
do so.*   "        , -    *'-
TION. DIST. 18. U.M.W. of A.
On Monday night a gnmo of liockoy
will bo played between Coleman and
Fornio horo, Tho Coloman toam Is
a protty strong aggregation, so a good
ra:;-.c CP.ti bo lookn|.'! ff"* Thin In nntx
of the v-wilar WRurt Rumes for the
Horchmor cup. Thn general admission
will bo CO cants. Turn out and boost
tho gamo along.
PHfcfctUfclil   fOVtbLL
Stntd Greetings to the Members of the
Prosldont Powoll writes in from
Taylorton to Bay that* ho is Htlll vury
busy out thero, and ho desires us to
extend tho bost season's wishes lo all
the mombors in tho District, whom ho
says ho wishes he could go nround to
and give a handshake. We arc Hure
tho mombon* return the compliment to
Olllco of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
To thc Local Unions in District No, 18, U. M. W. of A.
You arc hereby notified that the Seventh Annual Convention of District
18, U, M. VV. of A., will be held in tho Labor temple, Letiibriiiyo, commencing ai
10 a.m., Wednesday, February 2nd, 1010.
Your delegate or delegates are kindly requested to obtain a Kailroad
Certificate iu order that aiTangnnifiiih may  bti umuo Ui gut »'v.*duv,:t*u ntu*.,-,.
Your attention i.s respectfully invited to Art 8, See. 2 and fl, District
Constitution which explains matters pertaining to tho convention.
In the matter of differences between
the Standard Coal Company of Edmonton and Its employees brought under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act of 1907, the following was
tho finding of the Board:
On resuming the Hoard fully discussed-the questions Involved and unanimously came to the following finding:
"That on tho charges specified, In
tho application relative to tho discharge of throo of tho employous and
also to the claim that there would
bo a demand for an Increase scale of
wage's, the company, by consent of
tho board, withdrew—this brought tho
dispute to a point where It devolved
on tho discharge of two of the minors.
In tho evidence submitted we find
nothing to warrant tho discharge of
tho two men on the 20th Octobor, 1000,
but on being reinstated they did, on
tho 27th day of Octobf-r, 1000, deliberately commit il broach of a' generally
recognized rule, and for such should
bo consured. Having, however, in
our opinion, linen piinlHhnd sufficiently for such breach of discipline, we
would recommend that Thomas Ivor*
nek Hhnll remain lu the employ of the
Company and lliut Vincent Iloltil* shall
preHent. hlmsolf nt Dw mine and be
given ii working pint-' uh hood as poh-
The board hns not Iuul Dw evldenre
submitted to them why the two men
were dlHrharged on the 27ih October
but If the action of the pit boss In din-
I'liarglng the men wiih taken on a violation of the aforementioned ciiHlnm.
relative to iiui firing uf hIioIh In (he
middle of thu day, then the board uphold his action, so the lietler to pre-
nerve tlio dmcipjuiu ul ttie num.* mul
tho comfort of tho employees. We
would, however, add thai, all su .»
rules rulatlng to the discipline, nf tlie
mlno should bo kept pouted in a pro
inineni plni-e at itie mine.
(Signed I
George F, Cunnlnflhsm, Cluirmin
Frank D, 8mith, representative of
Edmondor* Standard Coal Co.
C. Stubbs, representative of the
"Editor-_edgerr-     '       - '—'"
Dear Sir: The Michel Local "Union ,
desire you to publish for the benefit
of, the, ininers of this ■ District the following facts as to the .conditions - at
present time in Michelfmines, regarding, the shortage of cars: - h
It is well known that the Company ■
are severely handicapped at this time
of the year in supplying cars to thc
miners owing to the extreme, severe
weather   which    generally    prevails.
Such shortage is now very much felt
amongst the miners, consequently the ■
Local Union take this opportunity of
warning miners  to stay away from
this camp until conditions change, tho
members wishing to avoid a repetition
of previous years which entailed tho
necessity of the Local helping to pay
men's  board, through  the  company
not bolng able to supply a sufficient
number of cars to enable a minor to
earn his board.
Thanking you in  ndvanco,  I  am,
,   Yours truly,
Chas. Garner,
Sec. Local 2334   Michel.
Remarkabto  Increase
Tho Population of
OTTAWA, Jan. 8—A    census    de.
partment   est Imam nf the population,
of   Camilla by provinces at the ond
of the lost fiscal yenr gives   the following returns:
Maritime Provinces    1,0.'I7,112
Quelle*** 2.088,-tOl
Ontario ; 2,0I'.),02G
Manitoba      400,268
KiiHUtrlu'WHii     :mi,;i21
Alborta     2"3,sr*.9
llrltlsh Columbln    289-liIfl
UnorKunlzed  <ilntrlrt»         r.K.UOti
Since, Mnrch .11 luwt (hi! Immigration Iiiih tolnlled approximately 1 r.0,000
of which about 100,000 have gone to
TJ.r  itlli.)  li,iii.il,il'i,.
A. J. CAltTEH,
See. Treas.
Another Vlrtlm
BSTKVA.W Sank. Jan. 7—Lnwrenee
Trembl-iy, agr-'l id. a chore boy on a
farm near hstevan, lost tils wny In
the snow storm Friday evi.ntriK while
nft-tr horic*.
Iuii at, Dw end of lhe year In tlierefuro
wtlmnti-Hl at about 7.3.r.o.nno.
No accurate dnta of the .llxlrllnit-
Inn of Immigration In the individual
*i i
»M*VJ i\iUiV   Inu'i ,i.\ ill,   ..->   A. ii*,*,tiiti«\    *-,..,-..v
(lie data nf the lam ceiiHtis, and tlie
estimate, of population Is bnw.il on
thc general figures as to the number
of Immlgrnnts who hnve sMtNsl In
th<« east and on an estimate of the
rnin ot nnturnl Incrfitw. The lncreane
mi rompsred with the population In
f'MU, In nn follows:
Maritime provlncex H3,l.'.9
Quebec    t'lV.&fiH
Ontario ...  , iSii.iiTS
Manitoba   2H.0.'.7
Sa»kaif-h<'uim   and   Alberta.  . t:!«.*40 .■**M^i**i*W*^*~it&Vj^xn&a^^-'*.*,&n*m*JZmm,*f
*?*W|-a--(j-.****f- mr-r-r-«»-—■-'*•**_-ac-Wi_it_*ci_wt.
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel in(East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
-3   -,.-,
The policemen of Paris are deliberating as to whether or not they
v.-ill go on strike.
* * *
The Socialist women of England
.are forming a Socialist Womens Bureau.
* «   *
The possessions of Ferrer at Barcelona have been seized by the Spanish
* *    »
The Socialist Demlcrats in the Russian Duma are demanding an Investigation of official outrages upon political prisoners.
* * *
Mother Jones, tho veteran Socialist, has come to the east t» help in
the agitation for the release of Carlo
de Fornaro.
<> *   •»   *
A new strike of the gas workers in
Milan, Italy, may be started. * The
men are indignant at 'the bosses not
living up to the agreement under
which they returned to work.
* *'  *
John Weaver Sherman, candidate
for attorney general of Massachusetts
on the Socialist ticket, received 12,-
394 votes, The Debs vote in 1908 was
* *   *
The Socialists'of Sydney, Australia,
are face to face with a free speech
•' fight. The authorities refuse permission to workingmen * to peaeably ■ as-
emble together and voice their opinions.'        • '   - ' „ ■ " '
* *   *
The Socialist local at Hartford,
- Conn., has undertaken a series of
lectures tb be .given every Sunday
.afternoon in the Unity hall.,, The expense of each lecture to the local
will be $30,
* * *
Tlie, first conviction has been recorded against the Socialist speakers
ori the streets of Spokane, Wash.   An
—Ir^\'T^WrTfl"aTr~was—sentweed- to"~six
months for daring to  speak on  thc
The members of the House of Commons at Ottawa are still* yawping as
o . *      *       *
The capitalist system breeds criminals like mouldy cheese breeds maggots. *     -
«   * " *
Socialism is the summing up of
modern philosophy   and   science and
»   *   *
Socialism will turn men from competing like brutes to co-operating like
loving brothers.
*,   *   *
.. Socialism has beon a hundred years
growing. It will not die as quickly
as its slow growth guarantees a long
Armies and navies arc simply to
protect the parasites against the useful workers. Abolish the parasites
and an army and navy would not be
* *   *    '
Recorder Weir of Montreal thinks
he.cau judge prostiution out of existence by giving harsh sentences. Nothing of the kind. Prostitution will
last as long as low wages for women
last,   y
* *   *
The worker who tries to fight the
economic battles of the twentieth
century .with ' craft union tactics is
like- a warrior who trie's to fight
modern   battles with an old fashioned
muzzle loading gun.
* * ■  *
Ten years ago Canada was howling
for capital and ' capitalists and capitalist exploitation. ' Now that Jt is
here the humanitarian Canadian has
considerable doubts as to whether it
is a good thing or not.
* *   *
I have always wondered why men'
should look up with respect to the
plunderers of Canada.. Rather should
they be looked down upon as baneful
weeds in meadows, which suck up
the sustenance which should go (,to
fields.' 7   .'
The.little employer is being crushed
between the upper millstone of the
giant corporation and the nether stone
of the giant labor union.
* *   *
There will be many persons who
sympahlze with socialism but it will'
be an awakaned proletariat that will
put socialism into force.'
* *   *
The budget fight in Great Britain
will benefit the Socialist party. When
drones fall "out the workers may get
economic liberty.
* *   *
Capitalism allows the, bosses to
lock the workers out of the mills, socialism will allow the workers lo lock
the bosses out.
., *   *   *
„ Socialism will raise the struggle
from the material plane ,of food,
clothing and shelter, and raise It into the realms oi" mortals, of art and
of .intellect.
* *   *
Taxation of capital is not socialism.
Taxation of capitalism, simply means
that capital out of its robbings, shall
bear the burden of the capital protecting state."
***.        Jit        *
The haves tell the. havenots to' get
into the ranks of the haves. This the
havenots are only too anxious to
do—but, society as it is at present
constituted, offers no method of transition.
a    *   .*
If a'crime is committed by a capitalist, .capitalists are sympahtetic and
kindly, if a crime is committed by a
worker then the capitalist minded consider that jailing iis not a severe
enough punishment. "
orer produces all the wealth and the
capitalist gets his. dividends because
the law, backed by the police.and the'
army, say they shall have them. The
class "struggle is on, which can only
end with the abolition of the useless
capitalist class.- '
Tlie rules of the class, struggle are
laid down in our laws. Those laws declare what rent, interest and profit
shall be paid to the.idle rich. Those
laws declare when tho militia shall be
callod out and when the policemen
can use their clubs on tho heads of
the workers.
If the workers want to win they
should change the rules of the game.
Let thom capture tho various legislatures and make laws that will abolish
the capitalists. The workers may play
the-game'on the industrial field according to their own idea as to how
the game should be played. In that
case their,actions will be declared il*
legal,, and they will be shot or jailed
The workers will find it a less dan
gerous way to send their own representatives, to make laws against the
capitalist and in favor of the worker.
, The German. Reichstag ■ was, opened
recently, by the Emperor in person.
Following their custom the- Socialists
absented themselves while the .Emperor was present.
"        , *   *. *
.While King Manuel of Portugal was
at the opera house in Paris' tho Electrical union struck and the lights
went out. This was done under the
direction-of Pataud. The theatrical
management immediately yielded   to
the demands of the union.
*   *   *
As the striko in Australia of tho
coal miners.is still on and business
is being,hnmporud tho bosses aro In-
voklnfc-.hthoiuild of-the government.
Tho P,rl/no Minister,of. New South
Wales iJjih***, declar.e.d $lia,**.,..tha govornment w-M\ -.penalize,.Uio *, strikers for
breaklpj; \^he,i'.industrial disputes act
if the strike is not settled.
C. K, Mnhoney, vice presidont of
the Western Federation of Minors,
has beon fined fifty dollars by a capitalist court at Lead, S, r>„ for the
alleged offenco of using vlolont language on tho HtrootR, ■ Lend Is the'
placo whoro tho Hearst estate Is trying to smash tho union of the miners.
Tho Gorman Kaiser In tho spuech
from thc throne, declared that new*
legislation would-be Introduced granting more Iiihiii'iiiico to the tiuriuiiii
workers. The Kulsor foam the rising tide of Koclallhin mid Is omleuvor-
Ing to stop It by yielding n little to tho
»   •   ■
The Antl-Soi'lallsf Union of Groat
llrltnln, which prupures speakers to
combat Socialism, has nlruady cost its
t-ai-1-ni'H twenty thoiimiuilH dollars nml
lu doing fino work for the Soclnllsts,1
its It luiiu'H the opponents of Hnt.lnl-
Ism out into the open where their arguments can be met it rid' ilufenluil by
tho worker-*-.
*   *   *
The capitalist system lin-eds drone*
like stagnant  pool iiiohiiiiIioch,
: The ,plute papers declare that it is
necessary to maintain an army and
navy, as long as other nations maintain an army and navy. The plute
papers might add "that as long as
capitalism exists the other nations
will" always maintain an army and a
. When nn attempt was made to organize the Bell Telephone employees
in Montreal the ringleaders of the attempt; were sacked. The company officials knew that if a company wore
formed dividends would ' have to bo
cut. This is but anothor, Illustration
of the class struggle.
* *   * ■
Thero is a plute movement on for
the abolition of the saloon, Plutos
try to make the peoplo bollovo that
thoy want tho saloon abolished' for
purely moral purposes. But evory
Intelligent man knows that the renl
ronson the saloon Is about, to be abolished Is because It, Interferes with tho
sale°of othor goods. A man who
sponds Ills monoy on whlHkey won't
buy shoos from the shoe trust nor
cotton from tho cotton thieves.     So
tlie saloon has to go,
* *   i.
Evory mombor of tlio Houso of
Commons nt Ottawa Is an honorable
member. Hn may bo tho greatest
rake that draws breath, He may bo
a drunkard or a half fool or n scnln-
wag. Nevertheless lie Ih an honorable mombor. Tho /theory Is thai the
man u country uluctB must'bo honorable or tlio divine peoplo would not
have elected him. When are you
workingmen going lo surprise Laurlor
and the rest by eluding a Socialist,
a really honorable man? When nro
you going to sonil men there who
will pull tbo bonne of enrds nround tho
ears of the plundering .-iipltiillt-tH?
The capitalist.system is Hearing*its
downfall. The British budget is "a symptom. * - ' .
The increasing armament which-the
capitalist' ruler's must support if they
ets snatched from them, cause heavy
The working people of Great Britain
cannot contribute to .these increasing'
burdens. Take a little more from them
in the way'of taxes and they wiir'die.
Thc now spirit taxes prove this. A
slight tax on whiskey has reduced
the excise revenue of Great Britain;
Tho added penny prevented the workers from buying alcoholic beverages as
they formerly did.
The increased taxes must be borne
by the exploiters. Labor thieves are
notorious for their desire to let the
other fellow pay their taxes. In Great
Britain there* are two distinct branches
of tho labor thieving Industry. , The
ono. Is based on the ownership of land
and the other Is based on the ownership of the machinery of production
anu distribution, *
The capitalists who control tho
House of Commons want to shift tho
bunion of taxation upon tbo landlords
who control the' House of Lords.
The budget Is passed with groat fervor by the members of tho House of
Commons and Ignomlnlouiisly rejected
by tho Houso of Lords. If ovor thero
was an Illustration of llio socialist
philosophy of economic detormlnlsm
tho vicissitudes of tho budget Is one.
In their attempts to cscnpo taxation
both tho capitalists and the landlords
nro telling a good many straight facts.
The capitalists uro tolling the public
that tho' lords are a uselnss set of
dronoR. The landlords aro tolling the
public that tli" cnpltnllMs nro lu tho
same class with tho landlords. If the
British people will only wake up to tho
fact that both tho capitalists and tho
landlords are useless parasites thnn
(he British people will tnko measures
to abolish both cliissos and to Introduce Socialism.
In their desperate efforts to destroy
the right of free speech and peaceable
assembly, the official thugs of Spo-
Wash., at the bidding of .their masters (the citizens' alliance, chamber
of commerce and other grafting organizations of the employing class)
have resorted to fresh' acts of ferocious brutality. „      -       *
Not succeeding ino murdering their
victims by brutal-assault and starvation, while in their power, the police
have made another attempt to destroy
the ,workers,' whose only crime- lias
been the attempt to exercise a constitutional right. .      ,       ■       ,
-Four hundred workmen were starved and beaten daily by these official
At the end of "their sentences they
were hardly able to walk. ' In spite
of this brutality, the spirit of the men
remains unbroken. They were determined to take up the fight again as
soon as able. , In order to' build up
their broken hoalth fhe-I. W. W. hall
has been used as a hospital for the
past two weeks.
On December 20'' the murderous-
crew in the uniform of the city of Spokane, fifty in number, armed with
shotguns, raided the I, W. W. hall,'
clubbing and driving all.the members
out Into the street. The furniture of
the hall was smashed and the partitions destroyed by this band of cutthroats In brass and blue.
The weathei; 'was intensely cold and
a bitter wind was blowing. All of
the . convalescent patients had their
funds and other belongings in the
safe at the I.W. W. hall .having deposited thom there so that the police
would not rob them after their arrest. . (Several who did not take this
precaution were robbed in the booking room at the police station.)
The "men were not permitted to got,
their funds or belongings, and therefore weer without means to get lodgings for the night; being compelled to
walk the, streets in the bitter cold.
The purpose of the police in acting in
this manner was to accomplish what
they had failed to accomplish by starvation and brutal, assault in the jails.
They knew that in tho weakened physical condition many of these men*
would be liable to contract pneumonia
and consumption.'
They drove these men' out into the
streets for no other purpose than to
accomplish their murder by this method. It remains to be seen whether
they will be successful or not.
Every effort is being made by the
I. W. W. to relieve the situation and
care for the victims bf police brutality..
This action is construed by the human hyenas to be criminal* conspiracy,
and those.who have looked after the
work are being arrested .as ,fast as
they come to the notice of the police.
These are facts which cannot, be
truthfully contradicted. * . Get space
for this statement and succeeding
statemetns in all papers in your locality. The situation is of vital import-;
ahce to every member of the-working
class.     Get busy. --,
By order of the Central* Executive
Committee I.* W. W. Spokane, Wash.
—Industrial Worker.
Victoria Ave.
Fernie,. B. C.
Fernie Livery, Dray & Transfer Co.
Contracts Taken
Including Stump Pulling, Land Clearing.and Ploughing.'    Let us
o figure on your next job
Rubber Tired Buggies, New Turnouts
Rizzuto Bros.
♦♦♦ •»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ Fernie Dairy j
fkesh Vmtlk   . i
delivered*    to   all
parts of the town*
Sanders &  Verhaest Brothers.
A full line of shelf and' heavy   Hard-
'    ware: in stock together  with a
, complete range of Stoves
Furniture Department
■■■'*. ' '      <-! . ,    '     .       "  '
Our Furniture Department embraces the
most unique aM''up-to-date lines.-,
Come in and have a look-'.   ...»   .-.-'-
J. D.   QT7AIX,
i ~~
Soi'liillmii will bauni'i*
higher. „
tin.- world up
If ii l'i'i'i' vote In nrcordi-d tn n free
P--o|>)h iln'ii MociiillHin will come by
coiiHtltiitloiuil methods,
A Clean Man
Outiide cleunline-o in leu* than lull the battle. A man mny
icrub hirmelf a do/en timet a. day, »nd .till he unclean, (Icod
lieillh me-ini clrnnlinm not only nutilde, hut 'nnlde. It mean*
t clean itomach, clean boweN, clean blood, a clean liver, and
ni>w. r-Vnn. hrnlthv tmnri. Thr man \»lin il ^Iffln in thi-*) why
will look it and act it. He will work with -ncr-Jy and think
clean, clear, healthy thought*.
lie will never; bo troubled with liver, limit, Momtcli or blood
diiorders. Dynpcptin and indigestion originate in unclean >tom-
•oln. lllood dincu-.es are luund where there .'• unclean blood.
Consumption and hronchiti* mean unclean lun(*.
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
prevent! theie dl»e«»e«. It make* a men'* Irul-Jet clean
•nd litaUby, It clean, the di£(<vtWe orient, tneltee pure*
clean blood, end clean, healthy fle.h.
U reitorei tone to the ncrtou. •y»tem, and curet nervou» eihauution end
prattration.   It contain* no alcohol or hahiMormin*! draft.
Conitipation U this mott unclean uncleanlineti. Dr. Pierce'i Pleaiaat Pellet* cute it.   They neu-r |ripe.   Y.e.y to t*Ve a* candy.   ,
Whon two pooplo want lho saino
tliltiK It Ik protty K.-iU'rally conoodod
that both can't liavo lt, It Is nlno
pretty certain that w\wn two m**n un*
aflor tho hiiiiio lliliiK thoir Intori'HtH
uro not Identical, Yot loriiiln IuiiivIhIi
or Imiornnt wiIiimk would hnvo uh bo-
llm'-* thnt tho Intori'HtH nf tlio lnbornm
nnd of tho cnpitiillHiH nro liloiitlcnl—
In ovory way.
!*•    ,,      il   I,   ,.,.*.  ,,    ,,    ,     i*.-.-",,'!*.    'I-,*,'.,,'*    i,„il
-.        " - ;,•"".»        ■ • '
. vhorior V.niir»> I' nocnHKiirllv fnllmvM
that iln' t'npltallHl KftH 1«>hh IntoroHt
and I.'hh profits, It naturally followi*
Thitt tlio IntorrmtH of tlio capltallHt and
of tlio laboror uro opimm'il.
l*"\'fii'"   ulrlt.'n   midv   i>\'f>rv   lnnV     mil
tiv-'ry d-'initiiil for incrciiH-' of wjikoh,
nml i-vu-ry fight for nn open shop
(iiovoh tho rliinn war.
As  iiiurhluory  bocomfs  uioiv  pro-
ilnr.tlvo tho output of wealth hcmmr-H
Kicator and lho prlzo cont'-nitcil for
liiTnnu'K   niori'   vtilualili*.      Mnrt'tm'r, j '
with tlif consolidation of Industry and \'i
the  I'lliiiliiiitloii  of  cnnipi'tltlon     ttuMW
middle c-laxK rilfmppo'iri* and tln> rnp-
Itollal nnd tin* whrc worker fnn- each
other nn tlif Industrial field.
Moth the laborer und the iiipltallHt j
im- out tu get all tin-)- ran.    Tin" lab*
116 : :   :   PAGES   :.,:   :   116
This book shows the wonderful
growth of the City of Fernie in
one year and deals exhaustively
. with its advantages,  etc.,  etc,
Fill in this form anrl place orders in advance.    Price
SO cents.    Return   this order form   to The District
Ledprcr, Fernie. B. C.
Please reserve for me copies
of "PROGRESSIVE FERNIE" at SO cents per
copy, for Which is enclosed $	
1: Andy   Hamilton
I Tinsmith and Plumber
  ,   *	
We can furnish you with estimates in
anything in our line
Singer Sewing Machines Co.,
Fernie, B. 0.
(     i . ■ ' ^  ,
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you •
can get one for $3.00 a month? ,
Wm, BARTON, Agt. (North of school) Pellatt Ave.
is cn.\T.« rou imihtaoi:
Big Saving
25 to 35 per cent.
You will savo by buying Clothing from us.
Comploto stock of Wintor goods, Cnll nml
huo us boforo you buy olsowhorc.
Sweaters) 75c, Wool Sox 3 pair 50c
Pure Wool Underwear, suit $1.75
Flannel Shirts $1.25 each
Next lu Uot.Imii „ l.iuul) Mote
'NuUio •Vii'iliurn lluli'l
13-lltor. 1-jOdner,
.Sir:—1 lion'.')' .'uJvjki' you Dim ,i|»
jillrntlon for IrnitHfor of liquor IIcoiiho
liuhl liy m« In rospoet lo tlio Royal
Hotel, Kortilo. II. (!., to John Podlilol-
nncllt, (lalwd Mny Mil). 1901*. ns pub-
Itul*.'**! In tli'-** I-Vrnlf* I* .i'i*1 'iVi'is, dntnd
Novomlior "1,1009. Ih null nml void, a*
i'uiulllluu:*. of ut;ivi*M*;iit eonc-rnln;;
mid traiul'ur wero not coinpllc'l with.
This Application ot tranufor wb» pub-
ll«lio<l wAthout iny knowledge or con-
Alberta Show
Case Works
Mnniifiii'tMifi'M   nf
Calgary, Alta, :/■
■ _
)    >'•
s ".
; i.
Dealing ^With   Work   Done During
The Year  1909«Suggestions For
Incoming  Council
His Worship the Mayor, and Council
of the city of Ferine:
, 'Gentlemen: • .
0 In presenting the annual report of
the work which has come under the
supervision of the engineering department during .1909 I realize that your
• honorable body are acquainted with*
the nature, and amount of work which
has been done, but at the same time
1 wish lo present in as concise a form
as possible' the work which you have
accomplished   and   point  out  certain
'.•things which the Incoming council
might consider. In reviewing tho
work" we might take it up under four
sections,' Water, Electric Light, General improvements ,and sewers.
The acquiring of the water works
plant by the, city and the* obtaining
of water from the new source of supply, Fairy Creek, constituted the most
important part of the work done by
the department. In connection therewith I may'say that we valued the
company's plant within the city lim-
-'its, made surveys for designed and
drew plans of the new supply system,
consisting of* a concrete,intake, dam
containing 150 cubic, yards, three and
a half miles of 12 inch wood pipe, a
traffic bridge of two spans. over the
Elk river on whicli pipe line was carried.
The tenders were called for this on
.June 14; work was commenced July
15 and the construction was superintended by the department and practically, completed on November- 15th.
. The cost of this portion of the work
was*. $30,000. Besides the main supply line there were extensions made
as follows: 1050 feet of 12 in on Chlp-
"man avenue which may be used in
case of future extensions to West
Fernie; 2000 feet of 6 in. extensions
. on Datlon avenue and McEvoy street,
the city; these extensions costing in
* all $4291.07. -   '
. Approximately 80 new service connections have been made, thus Increasing the revenue by some $150 a
month. To date the new supply sys-.
torn has proven very satisfactory and
I am pleased to report that now, at
the-time of heaviest draught, the
overflow discharge at the Fernie reservoir Is sufficient to half fill the'12
Inch pipe.   ■
The Bystem has also proven a very
valuable asset, to the firo department,
by It the working pressure has been
Increased on an average 15 pounds
throughout the city, and in case of a
largo'conflagration the benefit would
bo that for ton hours we can ujo
double tho number of hose lines.than
wo could under the old system, aud
ni'ier tho ten hours whon tho Fornio
reservoir would have emptied Itself
wo would still havo n flro fighting
stronm direct from Fairy Creok which
would bo 25 per cent better than the
old RyRtem nnd lnexhaustlblo at that,
Regarding further work,   during   the
coming year about 6000 feet of extension work should be done principally
in the Annex and in the north end
of the. city. •
This work would cost approximately $8000,-and would1 result in an increase of $2000 per year in the revenue.
Electric Light   ,
As you are aware up to November
ist^ all the work done in connection
with the designing and installation of
tho electric light plant was superintended by thc engineering department. . This work consisted of the
preparing of plans and specifications
for the distribution system, the supplying of machinery and the removal
and the installation thereof, and the
superintending of the construction of
same, the cost of which was $21,547!
The total cost of the complete installation of the electric light system and
power plant was $51,571. "
"   General Improvements
During the year many local improvements have, been made, the chief
being the sidewalk extensions. 23.64G
feet of sidewalks and crossings were
constructed ,by. the contractors, Connell and Scott at a cost of„$13,187.20.
At the present time we have 28,846
feet of walks or approximately 20
per cent more than before the last
fire.' Extensions were made in the
Annex and in the north end of the
city on a system, which affords everyone in the city a sidewalk within 2,.
blocks qf their homes. „.,
.Extensions are still .badly needed
in various parts of the city, principally in the Annex and Victoria, avenue
south. Under this section we wish
to report the ■ valuable work which
has been done by the Works and Property committee under the supervision
of the chairman,' AJd. Gates. Amongst
other' works 'accomplished  were  the
small ditch in the rear of W. S. Stan-J
ley.'s residence, thus keeping the wa-j
ter from running over valuable property on McPherson avenue. .
Regarding future work under this
section, much remains to be done', at
the present time.. The sewage system which was designed simply as a
sanitary sewer, that is to carry off
the domestic waste has also been utilized to carry off storm water, both
from cellars and roofs; this, together
with a large amount, of underground
water.which percolates through the
pipes," has caused and will cause the
sewer to overflow until some relief is
In this regard I intend in the near
future to bring before the council
plans and estimates for a storm* water relief sewer combined with surface drainage. This work must, of
course< take precedence to any permanent paveirsnt work which may be
contemplated on account of the damage the sewer construction would otherwise cause.
Regarding pavements I intend tb
bring before the incoming council an
estimate of the cost of paving the
business portion of the city as suggested' by the' Fernie Board of Trade:
Besides , the various works above
mentioned many other matters of lesser importance, but too numerous to
mention, have been attended to by*
your engineer.
In submitting this report I wish to
express my appreciation of the interest which has been shown by the council in all the work of the, department.
City  Engineer
grading of Cox street" hill to the old
Recreation grounds, grading Howland
avenue to the rink, ■ the grading of
Howland avenue from Thompson to
Rogers street the stumping and' the
clearing of Chipman avenue in the
Annex and other streets throughout
the city.
Work was nlso done at the septic
tank and power house." I would estimate the value of the work at $5,-
000, the cost of which was $3,149.
Sewers and Surface Drainage
One sewer extension was made in
the year, this being in*the1 lane between Victoria and Pellatt avenues,
from McEvoy street to the school;
the cost of. this work was $970. It was
necessary to repair the main pipe lino
where It was washed out by the spring
floods, Two obstructions to the pipe,
occurred during the year; thoso wero
readily removed. During the year
24 new* connections were mado to the
In regard to drainage a ditch was
dug along Dalton avenue to convey all
tho water from McEvoy stroot lo tho
OTTAWA, Jan. 10—Among the matters engaging the attention of the
Hon. Rudolphe lemieux, during . his
recent visit to Europe were arrange;
rhents for the exchange of parcels between* the United Kingdom and Canada. For many years past the rate
has been 16 cents for the first pound,-
or a-fraction of a'pound,* and 12 cts.
for each subsequent pound.
' The rate has now been reduced to
a uniform rate of 12 cents per pound,
with a''maximum limit of weight,of 11
pounds for a parcel.     ** ,
The parcel post rates between Canada, Jamaica, Trinidad, St. Lucia, Bar-
badoes, Leeward Islands and British
Guiana, have also been reduced to a
uniform rate of, 12 cents per pound,
or -fraction of' a pound, the limit of
weight of one parcel being 11 pounds.
Tlie Leeward islands include,,the post
offices ■ of Dominico Montzerrat and
St.^Kitts-a-the—latter— office— being—an,
exchange office for' parcels to ■ and
from Nevis and Virgin Islands. These
reductions came ..into - effect ■ at the
first of the year.'
Elected  by  Big Majority
Tubes Plebiscite is
*• .* -     ^ *
TORONTO, Jan. 1—Geary is elected
mayor by about 4,000, majority and
Ward, Church, Spence and Harrison
controllers, in the order named, with
a few divisions to hear from.
The 'tubes plebiscite carried by a
large, majority,
' .The Bloor street viaduct proposition
was defeated by 2000.
Following are, thc first four aldermen in each ward:
First.—Phelan, Chisholm, Sounder-
son, Hilton,
Second—-O'Neil, Rowland, _Iambly,
Yeomans. ■
Third—Maguire,- McBride, Heyd,
Fourth—Weston, . McMurrlch, Com-
merford, Hacker.
Fifth—Dunn, Dockery, Whytb'ck,
Sixth—McCarthy, McCausIand, Mc-
Brien, Spence.
^uddy Jones, you're the wore,
wt boy on 1W» block (*
    tM_^        - ®te&A—  	
The Time
the Place and the Girl,
the San Francisco Opera Co.
plays here on their opening night,
Wednesday next at the Miners Theatre, be is understood, is not, a musical comedy exactly, but a comedy and
music. That is to say that, its dramatic value would be sufficient. to
provide an evening's entertainment-
for a, mental adult, even if there were
no songs to enliven the proceedings.
It is a legitimate comedy, with a sane
plot and situations, and legitimately
enhanced by two or three* reproductions of unusual and amusing character, types.
The most interesting characters in
the piece are those of Happy Johnny
Hickey and Mary Riley played by
Teddy Webb and Miss Aimme Leicester. 'Hickey is a bright, good hearted young gambler, full of sentiment.
Mary Riley is a trained riur^e, sophisticated, but not unpleasantly so, with
a perfect mastery of the gentle art
of repartee. These two .meet in a
Virginian mountain resort whither
Tommy Murphy who is in trouble,
and they fall iri love. It happens that
Murphy, in a controversy with a card
shark in Boston, slashed his opponent
with a wine bottle. ...-When,the officers of the law follow them to their
hiding place at the sanitarium Hickey
shoulders the' blame only to find that
the Injured man is a brother of Mary
the nurse'. -n
The piece could be played without
music but the pretty songs make lt
.cloubly attractive. • There aro * a
number of airs in the score but they
are all lilting and descriptive, and
never in the way of the plot development. The chorus is composed of
young and comely girls who add in
a great degree to the evening's enjoyment,
On Thursday night tho company Is
to play that riotous bunch of merriment They. Loved a Lassie. This
piece Is one of Dw most successful
productions'of tho season In Chicago,
whero It Is still playing to capacity
business, Its success has boon ho
grent that two now companies havo
recently been organized for tours In
tho United States.
AN D. •*•■-•*%•••   .
Are your hands chapped, cracked
or sore ? Have you " cold cracks "
which open and bleed when the skin
is drawn tight? Have you a cold
sore, fiost bite, chilblains, or a ','raw"
place, which at times makes it agony
for you to go about your household
duties ? If so, Zam-Buk will give you
relief, and will heal the frost-damaged
skin. Anoint the sore places at night,
Zam-Buk's rich healing essences will
sink into the wounds, end the smarting, and will heal quickly.
Mrs. Ycllon, of Portland, says : "My
hamlti woro so soro nnd cracked that it
was ugouy to put .them near water.
When I did so tlioy would smart and
bum u3 if I had scalded them. 1 seemed
quite unable to got relief from anything
I put on them until I tried Zam-Buk,
and it succeeded when * all else had
failed. It closed the big cracks, gave
mo case, soothed tho inflammation, and
iii a very short time healed my hands."
Znm-Buk alio curet chafing, rathtt, winter
Mjema, vilei, vlcert, fettering soret, ior. heattl
and back., abtceitet, pimplet, ring-worm, etc.,
■cult, burnt, bruise*, Kami, ipraini. Of all
druggitU and iloret, or port free from the Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto.   Price tOc a box.
am Buk
B. E. WALKER, President
Paid-up Capital    $10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and England
COUNTRY ' RIISTNF _9!   Ever>* facility nffoMlcd to fanners and -
vuumni j$u__Hii_& ers for the •transacUon of thoil. lmnking
Sales notes will be cashed or'taken for collection.
Accounts may be opened by mail and monies
deposited   or   withdrawn   in this wav with
equal facility.
L. A. ,S.  DACK, '
Manager, Fernie.
Of the American Federation
Wholesale and Retail
Just come into our store and take
a look around you will find a wide
range to choose from. We stock
Pickled Lambs' Tongues,' Pigs'
Feet and Tripe.
You will like our "Empress"
Brand of Mince Meat.
Wtmk, 'Kft BY m HIW WRK tVf NlH-?;iU^\M (NCW YORK llUULO C<U  U ItlohU tUurv*»4
l£UA5t MAY 9*
Public notico Ib horoby given to tho
■iluciorB of tho municipality of Fornio
thnt I require t)io proHonue of tho snld
oloctoi'H nt tho City Hnll, on
nt 12 o'clock noon (1 p.m. local time)
for tho-purpono of oloctliiR pornoim to
roproHont thom In tho munlclpnl council (ir Mayor nnd Aldormon,
Thn cnndldntoB Hhnll ho nomlnntnd
In wrltlnfl*, mibRcrlbod hy I wo voton?
of tho municipality iih propoHor nnd
Hocondor, nnd Hhnll ho delivered to
mo nt nny tlmo botwoon tho dnto of
tho notice ntul 2 p.m. of- thn dny of
nominal Inn, nnd In lho ovnnt nf n poll
holtiK nocoHWiry mich poll wll,l ho oponod on
At tlm Coimrll Clmmhor In tlio City
Mnll, of which ovory porHon In horoby
roqulrod to tnko notico   nnd Rovr-rii
hlmsolf nccoi'dliiRly.
. MiihI hi< it innli) llrltlHh Hiihjoct ot
lho full nun of (wonty-oni- yonr*-, nnd
nm dlHqiinllflcd undor nny lnw, nnd
, -.jut*.   UK.I.M   tut    U.C   it.X   mvtltill*   ifi.'*,   j-)'*,'
' rodInf Dw dny of •nnml-nnMnn Dw vo
lnlHtorod ownnr In tho Lnnd ItoRlstry
(office of lnnd or ronl proporty in tho
i city of the iihH-'hiii-d vnluo of out- thou-
' mind di'llum or moro, ovor nud uliovo
.nny roKlHtorod JudKnionl or char*,'!*,
. huh niiii \xtxi (ilii,-! iwM- (|\jfi)ini-a !.►>
I municipal votorn.
Munt ho n mnlo llrltlnh Hiilijcct of
thu full iiK« of twnnty-oiio yuan*, nml
not dlHqunliflcd under nny lnw, nnd
;?invo boon for tlio nIy months pri-wiF-
line thn dny of nomination tho roxiH-
'tord ownor In tbo l.und Honlt-ttrv
'Offlco, of lnnd or ronl proporty in Dw
jolty of the nHHORHod vnluo of flvt» hun-
,drod dollar* or mar«\ ovor «nd M»o\o
• uny roKlstorod JtnlKmont or charec
| nnd who nm othorwlHoqtinllfW-d an mil-
rilrlji.il toii-rn.
f'/i-r'n nndfr my hind nr Vernln, it
'.(.'., IhU I'lut dny of Ikcomht-r. \W.t,
|   - Returning Officer
The following is part of ihe unfaii
list of^the American Federation of Labor. Many of the daily newspaper
readers who hear as much, about the
"Unfair List" during these days may
be anxious to know what names of
firms the A: F. of L. "Unfair List" contains. ' /
* Under these circumstances it becomes the duty of the labor press to
keep its readers properly informed.
What are papers published for if not
formation? *-'
Cigars: Carl'Upman of New York
City; Kerbs, Wertheim & Schiffer of
New York City, manufacturers of the
Henry George and Tom Moore cigars
Flour: Washburn-Crosby • Milling Co
Minneapolis, Minn,; Valley City. Milling Co., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Whisky: Finch Distilling Co., Pittsburg Pa.
Clothing: N. Snellenberg & Co., ot
Philadelphia Pa.; Clothiers Exchange.
Rochester N.Y.; B. Kuppenheimer &
Co., Chicago^
Corsets: Chicago Corset Co,, manufacturers Knbo and I a Mnrguerlte
Gloves: J. H. Cownle Glove Co., Des
Moines, la.; Cnlifornia Glove Co., Napa, Cnl.
lints: J. 13. Stotson Co,, Philadelphia
Pn., B. M. Knox Co,, Brooklyn.N. Y.„
Henry H. Roelof & Co,, Phllndclphia,
Shirts nnd Collnrs: United Shirt &
Coilnr Co., Troy, N. Y.; Vnn Znndt,
.Tncohs nnd Co., Troy, Cluett, Peabody
nnd Company, Troy, N.Y.; .1nmen R.
Knlser of Now York City.
Tho Buttorlck Pnttorn Compnny of
Now York.
Comont; Portland Ponlnaulnr Cement Co., JnckHon, Mich,; Utlcn Hydraulic Comont nnd Mfg, Co., Utlcn, Illinois.
Btovos: Wrought Iron Rnnge Co,, St.
Louis, Mo., United States Heritor Co,
Detroit, Mich., Qurnoy Foundry Co, nt
Toronto Ont.; Homo Stovo Works, of
Brooklyn Wntoh Ciiho Co., Sng Harbor
IndlnnnpollH, Ind.;1 Buck Stovo nnd
Range Compnny, St, I.oiiIh,
Biirh; Oulf ling Co., Now Orlcmm,
Ln., brunch UomlH Brothers, St. LouIh.
BrooniHiuid Dusters: The Leo Vr'jOin
nnd DiiHtnr Compnny, Dnvonport, In.;
M. GoellorfB Soph, Clrclovlllo, Ohio;
Morklo-Wlloy Broom Compnny, Pnrlu
WiiIcIh.'h: KoyHtono Watch Cimo Co,,
of Phllndolphln; Job. Fnhy, Brooklyn,
T, KurbniBK Wntoh Ciiho Co,, Rivor-
Hldo N. J.
C. W. Pom, Mnnufnotiiror of Ornpe
N'utH nnd I'oKliim Cereal, Buttle Creok
Flbrownro:   Indurnlml  Fibre   Wnro
Co., Lockport, N. Y.
Furnituro; AinoMcnn Billiard Tnblo
fn ri-npfriTviM O ' O Wlntior- Plnno
Co., NronMvn N.Y.; Kroll Plnno Co.,
<Mrmlnnr.il O; Derby Dosk Co., Ronton
{ The 41 Meat Market Limited
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
Baclc to=o u r=Olci=S t and
We beg to announce to our many customers that we have removed tp our old quarters next the Bank of Commerce pending the
erection of our new building opposite the King Edward hotel.a
ft-i "..■»' <\
W7 ifr-fc-H**-*-!*. SSJ^-ft-U'i*'
The Sense of Security
against to-morrow
should be ample incentive  to  save  to*»<l(iy.
Yon*  Savlni)*  Account  Solicited.
J. R. LAWRY, Agent
Fernie Brancli
0 King Street W«at
W. C. B. Manson
Fernio B. C.
PUTTING your spare dollars
in thc Home Bank is an >
investment at full compound interest. But it differs from an investment in this way: the money
can never be lost, and il may be
withdrawn at any time without
expense or formality. One dollar
starts an account. Full compound
interest paid.
vG» uiu
Phone 70      Biker Ave, P.O. Box 2t:*
Wholosolo Importer**! nnd Exportorn
of WlnoH, IlrnndlOH, Cordl.il*', ForoUi.
nnd UomoBtlc Whlsklo* nnd Gins.
Larso Mock ot Fi-mut Brum a, lulU,-,
IlHnftnrlan and Herman Wines, nlso
Nurwf'Klan Vx»wh nnd Aquavit. Wxwt,
Porter, Ale nnd Cigar***.
\r.i-ntti for Waukesha A read Inn Water. Sdilltz Deer and thc famous VA,-
Vi-illoy Urowlng Co, Ltd. Ilcor, drnuRh:
nnd bottled.
llpuilal uUukltuu l*UtU to Uu»u,
Our Motto: Pure goodf and qulcx
I Millinerv Snans
Mrs, Wn-u'^'t is n-tliifinj,'litir entire stor-k ol" Millinery cou-si-siiuj; ot Lulies' mu) Children's <lies.se.«,.jiii(]
Kc'iilv-to-wenr HiiN Yi-lveN, KiIiI'mm-.- etc *if cn«.t
ami ill MHiie eases helow cost.
Velvet*, all shade*, orlg-ldally $1.50 Now $1.00
Trlmmmed Hate from  $4,50
Ready-to-wear Hats from    •2,00
Children's Hats from    tl.BO
Newest Veilings nil reduced to Oest Price
MRS. WAGGETT      HOWLAND AVE.      FERNIE »»*«*M«lKUtiO&!KM£&&^*aBlHWk4MM>
&be Sisiral £ei>0*r
$1.00 a year in advance. - Address all communications to the "Manager" District Ledger, Fernie B, C.
Rates for advertising on application.
Phone 48;* Residence 9
Manager and Editor
.The McBrid<f government.' the great friends of
the workingmen and for whom so many working-
men of this eity and district voted at last elections,
has come out in its true colors at last, and the cat i.s
now out of lhe hag. Tlie. egotistical way in whicli
YY. R. Ross and Ih. lion. (?) Dickey McBri.de
launched forth at the meetings throughout the dis-
trict while expressing iheir sympathy and iriend-
s'hip for the workingiiicn of Kernie riding, was
amusing in tlie extreme. Their last touch in connection with.the workingmen\s club license is in
keeping witli the. rest of their dirty deals. The
West End club, the rendezvous of the Public, lias
had its license renewed, but—ami here is where the
workingmen get a neat little slap i'n the face in
return for tlieir votes for,, AV. K. R. and Dickey—
the AYi^rkingman's Club"has been refused its license. \. The license for the Fernie "Workingmen's
Club and Institute,-which is always conducted on
proper, orderly and decent lines, has been refused.
AVhy? Tlie following telegram, which was addressed to Messrs. Eckstein and McTaggart,, tlie
solicitors of the "Workingman !s Club, gives the
reason assigned by the Superintendent of Provincial Police (who i.s of course, only a figure head,
engaged by tlie Mc Bride-Ross combination,1 r and
who1 has a very graceful method of doing their
bidding) "Considered, that issue of License would
not be in public interest." Is that not neat? The
granting of the license would not he-in the public
* Is "the granting of the Fernie club license, -the
resort of'thc merchants and lawyers, in the interests of the public ?, ,' °
AVlio are the public ,oi: the city- of Fernie?
Has any petition ever been put before the   Mc?
Bride bunch requesting them' not to grant the license to "the AYorkingmen's club?     A:ery likely,
but not by the public.     If such a petition has'been
Tt-Q.i'wa.rded to the premier it has been-by a few of
They are trying to discover some sort of a "gentlemen's agreement" that shall bring together Bryan
Democrats, La Follette Republicans and Civic Federation unionists,,'and that will-defeat Socialism
and keep all of their followers Unpolitical and industrial slavery.
Such a party would be another reform will-o'-
.the-wisp that would lead* tlie voters hito the morasses of political hopelessness.' At the present
time it has developed but one principle upon which
there is any hope of agreeenmt. This.is the woi'ii:
out, moth-eaten issue of tariff reform. - But. platforms are easy to construct, and they are much
more easily forgotten.
The one obstacle that stands in the road of such
a movement is the Socialist party. If by any means
the Socialist party could be driven out' or the field
or transformed into an innocous quarroling s:ct.
tlie road would then be clear for the coining organization';
There are tremendous tasks before the Socialist
parly of the United States during' the next few-
years—no less a task than preparing the way for
the revolution in property that Kern fears and ihnl'
we welcome.
There is a work-of agitatioti that calls for the
best men and women that we can produce. "There
is a work of education that makes imperative an
immediate strengthening of every agent for that
purpose, and.especially of our press. , There is a
work of organization, before the Socialists, that
makes imperative a thorough overhauling of
every section of our party machinery and a utilization of every energy.
There is work.ahead for the Socialist party,
for we-want that revolution that Kern and others
} Letter Box
The* editor Is not-responsible for the
opinions of correspondents: ' •
Editor Ledger:
Tea acquires a flavor under the;- peculiar,5climate
of Ceylon that' cannot be acquired anywhere else on
earth. The delicate fragrance and delightful aroma of
are fearing.—Daily Socialist
There is something almost refreshingly coldblooded and frank about the report of the United
States Immigration commission on the white Slave
trade. It does not claim that white slavery, is
caused by natural depravity, human weakness, lack
of moral training, or any of the other popular,explanations of defects in our social system.-lt states
clearly without equivocation that "to tlie motive of
business profits is due beyond question the influence which creates and upholds this traffic." •'
, ... vThat is some progress at least. It is a little
satisfaction to have a correct diagnosis of the case,
even if the same old .quack remedies'are applied to
. ■ o - •  ' i"
it.. .,
;    While the United States Immigration commission reported to congress that profit* is the cause
the clique wlio do- not favor the workingmen hav-
ing anything. Then*again, the other hotel men
of the city, if we remember rightly, did a lot of
boosting for AV, It. Ross and Dickey. It is only
natural to suppose that they desire the 'AVorking-
nien's club to be put out, of business because they
sell beer to their members for half what they would
pay in the hotels. The hotels* in get ting, the price
that* they do at present for their liquor, are'' getting more than they should, and when the work-
ingnieti band' themselves .together to1 combat this
evil, and form themselves into a club, wherein they
can serve drinks as other clubs do, at a cheaper
rate tlmn the hotels, then they are prohibited by
the very government that did all the blowing
about how it had always stood in favor 61: the same
It.is more than probable that the same ractics
will ho adopted in regard to the renewal of tlie Coal
Creek Club license, nnd the workingmen of that
place will also be put on the "not in thc public interest" class. This is what always happens to lho
men "who as yet have not seen tlie folly of forever
putting the old party (clique combinations) back
into power, and yet we venture to say'that if tlie
elections were on again tomorrow a large lot of tlie
workiiigimM).would vole for the same old gang,
oFthTwFvle slave trade-iniasnieveri)CCTirfed~tTr
any member of either .the .committee of or congress
that, .if this is true, then the proper way to com***
bat it is to take the profit out of it.      .
The workingmen of Fernie are "Not in the Public interest". /Well that is-what you get for voting for such men as AV. It. Ross and Richard McBride.      (We omit the Hon.) 1
i So at last the McBride government has showu
its* true colors and'has given the direct lie to all,
its pre-election claims to the interests of the*work
The bar,rooms of the several'hotels of the city
must be in "the interests of the public" but the
club of the workingmen,is detrimental. Who are
the. public?
One,,thousand dollars to the man or woman
who can- define who is the "public" referred to
in tlie telegram from tlio superintendent of prov-
ineial police.
To the Editor of the Ledger:
Sir: I notice a communication in the
Free. Press relating *. some,:" pretty
strong doings amongst our. Conservative friends in Hosmer.. ■*,
John Harrington when here during
the recent campaign, used some pretty
strong language regarding the methods of the old parties and especially
the'. Conservative''party, but I never
thought to unearth such'a. den* of
wholesale corruption and rottenness
as the communication referred to
The worthy president of the Association referred to is a hotel keeper,
his special business at election times
is to swap bad booze for votes;    his
special -business at other times is to
grub government monoy for his own
particular purpose.     Every sane man
in Hosmer knows that he caused by
his   supposed   'pull'   the  government
road  to  pass  his  hotel, "when  some
1000 cubic yards was graded right ln
front of his door, and the government
workmen were compelled to board at
the hotel or no job.     By the way the
workmen  were  jocularly  known  ' as
"Gourlay's Boarders.",    The same season the* bridge across the Elk river
was built, I might as -well say set up,
because at.tbe first high.water the
good citizens of.. Hosmer'used to go
down in crowds expecting to see the
bridge move toward Fernie. The gods
happened to be good .'and the bridge
is still there; but-1 know of one man
at least who was supposed to get $2.50
per   day for watching the bridge of
sighs.     This is how he was hired. He
happened to owe a bar bill.     There
being.no  occasion  offering  him   for
the bulky president of the Conservatives to get his money he thought this
bridge business looks easy.  . So the
erstwhile boozer  was  told* to  go  to
the bridge two or three times a day
and see if it,were still there.   -If it
were not there .he had to report, to
the   Queens ' Hotel.'     When  his  bar
bill was paid he was summarily dismissed and another boozer, ■ but a bad
payer, was called,forth. *,.    . ._
Now that Billy Ross, -who , deliberately winks at this..business is elected
again' I suppose the same programme
I even hear *■> the-* president of the
booze'association'.has promised mine
inspectorships,to some of'his stalwart
men; others .who.-,can't do anything
else can work .on the' roads while tho
executive will-jearnestly • discuss Jos.
Seagram or Hiram Walker,' which
mine host considers their just portion. ,.*,*-.
"People who" are striving to build up
the cause of labor will take a careful
look over the supporters .of this dispenser of bug juice, who is commonly
known as Foxy-.Grandpa. ■
They will find secretaries past and
present of 'Hog-mor local -1849, ,and
other good men who will talk about
thoir misfortunes, , their sufferings^
under a tyrannous capitalistic system
and yot they are enrolled' under tho
banner of this uncrowned king who
says "Yes, boys, come up and, have
another drink.",
Trusting you, will find space for
this kick against a pernicious evil, I
Ilosmor, B. C.
The Elite Dancing
Academy *
Farquarssn & Campbell   .-.
Under personal direction "of ''
.Mr. &, Mrs. P.,A. Farquarson
*. Lessons from "7 to 9 Mondays
and Thursdays;   -
will.please,you.   Buy a package to-day from your|<r**»'»********A*'A**-********
You'll like it!
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
The Waldorf Hotel
.    First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water .    L.. A. -Mills, Manager
On    first     class
'business and residential   property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
Bar supplied with  the  best "Wines,'
Liquors and Cigars
C. P. R-
Low Round Trip Rates to
Ontario, Quebec and Maratime
Tickets on Sale Dec. 1 to Dec. 31, in-
clusiev, good to return within three
months. „  ,
Tickets issued in connection Atlantic
Steamship Business will he' on sale
from November 21 and limited to five
months from date of issue
Finest Equipment. Standard First
Dining Cars on all'Through Trains.
Compartment - Library- Observation
Cars, on "Imperial Limited" and'-"At-
lantic Expuress."
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome" Cafe Attached
3 Through Express^ Trains J)aily
Furniture Moving a Specialty
Leave Orders with W. Keay
M. A. Kastner
Fire !  Fire ! Fire !
The .anniversary. oO tho great'
fire of August 1, 11)08, is draw-
' ing near.   Let us -draw your attention to the fact that we rep-
. resent U financially strong,  old,
established    and   well   knoWh
Board    Fire    Insurance   com-
.   panics, also agent for the
PHONE   78
Sun   Life    Insurance
Company of Canada
We have several snaps in
\Business and, Residential
' - in different parts of the city
Agent - ,- 7.-,
New Oliver Typewriter
,- ' Machine given out'on trial.    , 'J'
"•Jo Charge
leaves Winnipeg daily at 22.40, making
connections at Toronto for all points
East and West thereof,
The "Imperial Limited" leaves Winnipeg dally at '18.15;" and the "Atlantic
Express" at 8.00 dally, making connections at Montreal for all points East
Apply to the Nearest C; P. R. Agent
for full Information
on what,to buy the wife for Christmas
A   STEEL   RANGE   Our holiday price Is ......   $60.00
A WASHING  MACHINE  The best In the muket' 910.00
J. M.  AGNEW & CO.
Maybe llm Fernio Industrial and Co-operative
storo. is "not in thc public interest." You know
ii. is owned and run''by the workingmen of the
city. ,
AVhat about the civic elections? Are you satisfied lo let the old council stand for another term'.
If not Ret out nt once and have (someone rendy I'or
nomination on Monday,
Two new inemherK are required for thn school
board, See that you get men in that are, not connected with any clique, and the men who will do
the most good for tho greatest number, nnd help
lo advance tlie educational facilities of the city.
Kdiwntion you know is the bulwark of tho nation.
Not along military lines, but a proper schooling in
the ordinary subjects,
.John Kern, candidate'for vice president on the
Democratic ticket, is the latest of a large number
to begin seeing things,' In a recent interview he is
quoted as saying:
• "There is a dangerous and dominant Socialist
sentiment in the United States that has not yet
come into tin* open, that has not as yet disassociated itself from the Republican and Democratic parties. Hundreds of thousands of secret -Socialists
arc still voting the old tickets!1 No one can tell
whal would happen if they were to break through
the trail it ions that now restrain them and vote the
way they think is right, I am afraid we should
witness a revolution, not a revolution of blood—
I would not let myself believe Unit mich a thing
is possible here in America—but a revolution of
This same fact has been noted by many others.
It is one of the biggest facts in Aliierienn politics—
this vast number of people who, if Ihey are not
really •"-jdciiiIiMs, nie i'end,"> ior the ,ii:i'cj»i,ui<,-i- .if
Further on in the same interview he admits
that the Democratic party is practically dend, Unit,
it ennnot hope for vietorv in a presidential election. | 'I'1"' hIiUuiih'iU from the chief of police for last
li w.ii.'io 1...1 ;„■ diuindv „. ,•;,,.{ „,.,*-■..., *;■.,,;!,_ _,,;k.- j,:,v1 •v""r s,,mv" ,,,Mt iMr 'Hmrtment has evidently
ions expressed by Hepiiblienns eoncerniim 'that Ilu',,,» '" K°ml hl»"(lH' l^iu'iubcr that some members
purl v. The entire •• insurgent" movement spells!"!' '■><■ PIVN,'"t ,,'»"»»,;il wm' V«"T •»"«" «-««""* *""*
death for the party of Aldrie hand for lhe parly „r|l"'«,|M'"t ,,,,i',f- ,,,,,•a,,H,' th">' ^^ *•■«* '»» w»»M
cmiiHtii. • -,'° '•■K '^''y t"° w'"'   I*" y,m wan'* i'i,*H,t ,,|,!|1
Th-  !.*.i*l**'*s    Dw niTi.e  liohlers  with   riiflifnl |,,,lt,k ,n 1,,t- «*«»«inrH thiH >-i«nr_
opinion* in the Republican and Democratic parties
city engineer suggested tn the board of
works that, they employ some men to keep the
gutters cleaned each day. so that in thc spring the
water would lie carried off without making the
street into a river. Also the snow would melt
mueh quicker. What is the board or works iioing
about it.    So far nothing,
lire loulcm-/ wnii iontfiiitf eyes upon Un* diseoulcnl-
ed I'-adiTs of ortranized labor.
The one llimc which all lhe.se leailefji fear is it
spontaneous inovcmi'iil of the rank and file that
has hitlx'tl-t followed ih-'iii. Any sin)i .".punlUJi'-.ni.-
iiHiv.-trifFii would idimmt iitfvOaUlv Und io thc
Socialist party.
To t'ori'Miiii this threatened revolution these
leaders are vckinu* to form a voalition from above.
lu h.-ndiim away fur goods, a,*, miiuc nf ym pen
pie must do. no not for«et the fart that there is at
pivm-iil all thr.-uffh Uie Mate of \Vi*sbiugl**-n nud
Idaho a boycott against the eity of Spokane for
the hi-ntiil mu! inhumnti v,ny in whWi 0u«» i-ity i*
,.»-»*»«'i'iUiti« Iht Worker!!; he.-uu'.e tliey d-i-tre what
their forefather* fought for—free speech and n
Tree, press. It is a glaring disgrace to the Atner-
ienn people.
To tho Editor of tho I.odRor:
Sir: rt has 'Doon of Intorctst to mo
at IntervnlB during tUo past to, reflect
upon tho Htatc and condition of tho
union, and tho ByBtem-by which tho
various duties nre cnrrlod out, I am
not ur a rulo u fault finder, nor do 1
hold myself to bo an. oxport rectifier,
hut lt la plain for mu to observe that
thoro oxifltR In this organization thc
Infamous practice of Imponlng on men
In mich a way an to compol thom to
draw or carry benvy burdonfl without
a yoke, to ontor tho camp of tho enemy without nn armour on and to fight
without a shield.
I Bpoalc of yokes nn ono Rontlomun
Ih known to hayo, uttered nbout yolcoB
"Ihoy wero not mitdo to bo a burden
but to oaso a burden, without It thn
plow would bo Intolerable. It Is not
mi Instrument of torture, a mnllclous
enntrlvnncp for making worn hard, but
rathor nn Instrument of morey, a Rondo dovlco to mnko hard morlc light,
to hbvc pnln Instead of giving pain."
Hn It Is with men vory often, thoy have
biinleriH to draw without a yoko to
caso tlm pull. I often two that In
f'f"ftu,ljf*tn'i -HOi M-io union. Thorn
nrn corlntn iltittoa expoctod of mon to
perform that nppcar lo all woll bal-
uncoil, prudent, lionoBt mlmlfl to bo
most unfair, and unjust,,! U there a
Hlmdnw of deconcy nnd falrnesH to
urno men to fnco unprntoctotl, tlw
brunt af the bnttlo tonlliiiiftlly, while
thero arc available men, adopted for
thn Job, selected for the purpono, nud
<K|iilpi>cil with tho y-pkOH to pull, and
Hiipplled wltli thn bucklers to fl-ght.
Tnko tho pit, committee for ItiMtnncv,
or nny other iiivehUKntlor. v«n*in\Uto-\!,
whom working men nro requested to
attend inventmiiUonh, unit tu luit'ftntu
duties thnt arc liable to Injure iheir
welfare, and pnbaps rnin tbelr measre
mi an* of livelihood, If they bo ttoneat
nud hrnvo enough to Htnnd for tbnt
which Ih right and hut, and nix a cor-
I r<-*:t «>•, m<*iii-.-."H aud fclraUUlfin'-Aiml
at Momenta, which ataiementa and
evident**'*'!, mny sound unplmmiuit   to
(Continued on page five)
Watch   This
Space Next
Suddaby's Drug & Book Store
Agent for Victor and Edison Phonographs
Hnyler's & Lowney's Chocolates, New Scale Williams' Pianos
_J ■*■ -, ...
i   *
.■      *
Tlie Official Organ bf District No.  18i:l£J. FI. V7.. of A.
Fernie, B. C,' January 8thi,    19 IO
************************** ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥■¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥,¥¥,¥¥¥¥¥¥
News From the Camps
From our own Correspondents
The  danco  at  the  club   on    New
Years eve was not as successful as It
might have been owing to the bash-
fullness of tlie young, men up here.
There  was  quite  a  nice  crowd .* of
young ladies present, and    the floor
was ln fhie' condition;     Dancing,waB
indulged in from 8 p.m. until 3 a.m.
A good substantial lunch was served
by Mr. and Mrs. R. Falrclough at midnight.     The dancing committee were
J. Mathison, D. Atherton, G. Hunt, and
the  floor . master  Mr.. ,T,..„Wakelam,
- Hon. Secretary ,C. Claridge,     Music
'. was- supplied by Mr. "J. Foster    and
Ydrkie ana Teddy, are still enjoying
• their hoiidays. ■ --
Duncan Mathison and .family moved down . to Fernie. on New Years
day.' '■*-.'
■*, Miss Gordon, .who'" has been teaching'* the young hopefuls at the Creek
has now taken charge of the school
' in West Fernie.
,     Paddy King blew In from the coast
on Wednesday.   ■"■
Have you heard  the latest?     No,
'   what is it?     Why the company have
started to charge.the ladies of Coal
Creek 25 cents every' time they want
to go to Fernie and come .back.     1
*" think it is .bad enough to have to live
" In aii out of the way place like this
■'"'without having to pay'to'go "out of it
.'* for a few hours; or on the other hand
L,*.* paying to come "into it-and riding in
loose boxes at that.    .Now"you men
.of Coal Creek,"'this is a.case you, do
7. not want to let slip.     It is time that
with it last week. According to last
accounts the injured member will be
amputated. *.,■*•
, Trites-Wood Co. gave the usual bag
of candies and oranges to the kids and
tho kidlets here oh New Years day.
Mr. Moses late of Michel is now in
charge of the payroll at Coal Creek,
and has taken over.the house.which
until lately has been occupied by W.
Joe Mltcholl and Miss Eva Atberton were quietly married at "Fernie
on Christmas eve,-,and have taken up
their residence down there-. The
wedding was kept - very' quiet ■ owing
to the sad bereavement In the family
of tne bride a few weeks ago.
• The ever familiar" E. W.' Hughes
took over the janitorship of the new
club on New Years day.
W. Stockwell has been appointed as
fire boss'at No.,1 south.. B.' Barnes
takes the same position at No. nine
mine and C. O'Brien and W. Shenfield
to the new mine ,No.'0.   *    "
The. Co-Operative Tea and Concert
drew quite a crowd from Coal Creek
on New Years night. . J. T. Puckey
was down as the'mirth maker, which
he did in fine style". •"• ■■,,"*
- The following were some of the
visitorsNat the Creek for the week end.
J. .McGeckie, J." Chestn'ey, B. Hanson,
J. Mackay, J. L. Combe.   .    .
will be much appreciated by the children, 'and teachers. •
.. There was a valuable cow, the property of' Mr. Lear'd, killed on the
track of the C. P. R. ,.
. The employees of the, International
Coal and Coke company are all back
at their work against. Nb. 2 mine
is in full swing. ,
I should have said previously that
A. Cameron, chairman of the council,
F. Graham member and J. O. C. McDonald1 were elected by acclamation
for the ensuing term.
Mr. Angus Macdonald sustained a
severe loss by losing a very valuable
teum of fine horses which were killed on' the track.
We regert to learn of the death
under very sad circumstances, of a
Chinaman, who was found frozen on
Wednesday morning near tlie Blairmore saw mill'. His remains were
taken to Coleman to' his friends by
W. Hogan..'
for  which  we  would  not otherwise
dare to ask.        »'
Let them fight, those whom the operators - cannot well touch; let them
struggle, those, whom they cannot
easily get, back at. Let our champions have a good swing and a chance
to prove to us that they are our defenders; it- is their work and it is
also their delight and pride,
will have opportunity of making , enquiry as regards these important questions, and I beg to thank you for
bringing them to my attention.
Wishing you the compliments of the
season, believe me, very sincerely
. Walter  Scott
John Roche, Esq. Sec. Local "Union No,
2648,  United    Mine Workers ' of
'America, Taylorton, Sask.
- must have some respect for the wives
and daughters of, the men of Coal
Creek.  .
The Crow's Nets' Pass Football
league' cup was brought' to Fernie last
Wedne,gday^by sthe;.lea*jue. secretary,;
' J.-'Sharpe of' Michel* and handed to
'Mr. Liphardt for tho*inscription to be
put on before being .handed, over .to
'" the winners, Coal Creek, together
with a set of medals. The football
club Intend holding a smoker ln the
' near future,when the cup, the medals,
will bo preesnted to tho players.   The
■ following gentlemen have already supplied* the liard ■ stuff with - which the
, cup will' bo filled: 7T. Sharpo, Secre-'
tiiry, P. Hughes and W. McKay, The
smoker will be hold ns soon ns , tho
■ mo'dals arrive from Vancouver.
J. Bagloy and famlly'have moved up
to the Creek again, They wore one
of tho unfortunate families burned
out both In tho Fornio and Coal Creok
fires.       ' ' ...
Mr. Balderson, chlof accountant of
tho Coal Company at'tho Crook, was
visiting friends at Lothbrldgo for the
weolc ond.
Mr. E. Bridge, T. II. Knox and .' J.
Stovons have resigned their positions
under tho Coal Company.    J. Worth-
' ington has succeeded E. Bridge as the
pit bonoB at No, 1 south.
Tho Christmas and Now Year tour-
namonls at tho club woro brought to
a cIobo last wook ond, tho following
Kontlomon oach securing n flno turkoy
flftoon pounds for first, prize and ton
for second:
nilllardB! Fh'Bt Sltl Hunt, socond,
T. (Hover, third W. AtlclnBou.
Sovon up, first: Tod Coatos) socond
H. Fox,
Crlbbage: First R, FoorByth, second
W. Ireland,
Whisti Pirflt, W. Parker; flocond,
J. Drew, Stovon Hnll, W. Itatcllffe,
Dominoes: First," J. Cartmol, sec
ond W. Agnow.
Pool: First W. Mc.offnn, second J.
Joo Amor Is now noting As hond
Mr. T, II. Knox loft horo on Monday
for  Vancouver,  find  Mr. .1.  Slovens
went to Join him thoro on    Wodnoa-
, day.
Undo Smith movod his family to
. Pernio laBt wook Inlo tho how houso
7   which ho tins had built.
Mr. Thomas Morgan, who for tho
lust four or live )car» hus liven t,ox-
eminent Inspector for thu minus la
and around this district, has been appointed to a similar poult Ion ut the
const district, wheor IiIb family own
reside. As lins diMm-i *ih x*»ui*nit
InrRor overy yoar and moro mlnos nro
oponlnff out) two Inspectors havo been
appointed to look after tho Rovern-
mont Interests In these quarto™. The
gentlemen appointed are Robert
Bt rat-hart and Kvan V.vnnn. Tloth 'bf
them nro well known nround thoso
cumpa aud their many friends will
wish them evo*p* success' l/i their now
•positions. They started their now
duties by visit In** tlio mines hero last
Mr. J. W. Ore-)-, -nrho'hsiS the foro-
(Inter of lib' left band hndly rrmhmi
In the mlno by somo rock fnlllnK <m
it, was forced to go tnto tlw hospital
The' liew year has commenced in'
Coleman quietly, everyone falling In
and taking up his arious duties.'
"The Eagles are to the front as usual
on New Years eve. They met at the
opera house to enjoy themselves with
.music i'nrl   rinnclng.       The   nliitfovm
was   handsomely,  decorated    by   the
" An accident occurred at Bellevue
last week end, while a heavy wind
was blowing. John Pretrie, teamster
of Wolstenhulme, lumber merchant of
Frank, was.returning home with the
empty wagon when the wind took the
wagon" box off. The horses took
fright and Pretrie was thrown off,
his ankle, being twisted and his face
badly c,ut. He was taken to Bellevue
hospital .where lie received medical attention; ■   ', "
Avbig fire occurred at Bellevue on
New Years morning about 4.30. The
main off ice. of the Coal Company got
on fire and was burned to the ground.
All, books, papers, etc., were burned.
The cause of the fire is unknown. It
has been surmised that an electric fuse
burned out. The loss is estimated at
?8000. '-'
The skating rink here is in fine condition and all the boys seem interested
in it. Frank was billed to play Coleman last-Sunday; they have a fine
team.    . ** "    •
•   Mrs. Gardner went back east.for 3
nionths holidays this "week.  -
■ Taylorton, Sask., Dec. 26
Editor  Ledger:
Dear Sir: It gives me great pleasure
to write and let you know the conditions here ih Saskatchewan. President
Powell is amongst us and is busy organizing other camps in the district.
The members of this local sent a letter to the Hon. Walter Scott, premier
of Saskatchewan, asking the government to enact*, an eight hour' bank to
bank law,' and the Workmen's Compensation* Act. Premier Scott promptly replied. (The letter is published,at
the conclusion of this communication.)
Our local here has been reorganized
with 115 members and up to the present things are very* favorable.". The
companies around here are all busy
shipping coal, the Western Dominion
Collieries at Taylorton are putting out
between*600 and 700-tons a day. When
we get things in good going order in
this district I shall-be'able to send
you some news every week for your
valuable paper.,
t believe that as there' are about
1000 men working in and around the
mines here 1 hope to get lots of subscribers for our paper, because- it is
my opinion that every man should be
a subscriber.to the paper as it is the
workingman's only defence. ,
We have • experienced considerable
difficulty in regard to hours of meeting. . We have, to go about a mile
through deep snow to some old school
house,' and the weather heer is very
cold, so I can assure you1 that- it is no
snap in this province—we have- a lot
to contend with.
We  have "many  things -here* open
brothers, of tho lodge and a jolly good
time they had. It is to be hoped that
a good sum was realized to augment
the building fund of the new Eagle
^hall, which .has been ..commenced. 7
■*. There are exhibitions of a ^pugilistic
character to.be witnessed in.this town
often on Saturday nights. Holby of
Coleman and Reed,' a stranger, stepped
Into ,t.he ring before' a rather small
crowd, Thoy went after it for eight
rounds. Holby seemed to be punished tho most.* " n'
■ On Monday night nt the skating
rink a hockey .match was played between Coleman and Moyie. ■*, A rather
exciting gamo ,was witnessed by 'a
large crowd..     Tho home team was
on top by 8 to ,5.      <-
.*- On Monday, January 3 the, council
hnd their annual mooting to nominate
new councillors, or otherwise elect.
Tho old members, It was pointed out
by sevornl who spoke, hnd dono good
work during their term of office. Tho
present members realize tho burden
of their duty, honco the great stir at
prosont for Incorporation which most
ratepayers believe Is very essential
In many ways. The annexation of
Slav Town to Colomnn will provo a
groat boon to tho Inhabitants who llvo
In tho.west ond of Coloman. Incorporation would secure for thom a much
neodod commodity which thoy nro not
now provldod with In their own residences, It Ib "rather unpleasant to
have to pack wator during tho wlntor
monthB so we will join In their ranks
and say hnsto on tho dawn of Incorporation.
A numbor of ratepayer nro now In
doop sympathy with tho movomont to
have a general hospital to meet the
ontlro needs of tho human rnco who
rosldo In tho Crow's Nost Pass. Thoro
Is no town more sultablo than Coloman In which to erect such an edifice,
Tho Rov, T, M. Murray, pastor of
thn Prcsbytorlan church will bo away
on Sunday noxt. Tho nov. McNeil of
nialrmore will, occupy tho pulpit at
tho morning sorvlco and Mr. Hlslop
will preach In the cvoiiIiik, In connection with the above church ihero
hnH boon a blblo class for somo con-
sidcrablo tImo( but within tho Inst
few weeks It lias beon formed upon u
much broader lino, under tho mime of
a Helping Hand Brotherhood, ami
they piopo.su to nola iii'.'.hiiikh Uiimiik
till*.' ttlMlt-'',       -Ofi .Wll'  W'AI't, ull- l)n..iV
was a hocIiiI held la the club rooms,
tho character of which was songs,
speeches and light refreshments served by lndy frlonds,
If of iik*! Hi *>t xxxuv >u C*u7u»au u
watch night service wns held, whon
tlm Hov, Murrny conducted tlio nnmo,
It Is to be hoped that those services
will bo continued ns the years pass
Af elulil o'clock on Thursday there
will bo n mcelhiB with the lllblo
unelety committee In order tr> further
Ilii Intercut, All arc cordially limited.
Principal Atchusoa hns left Coleman
In order to better his position, nnd
for a few daya thr.** alw bft-n no
school for tho btpger boys nnd Klrls
awaiting the ttrrltnl of bis successor,
Tlio now school Is complete.!, whleh
"•    WALDO  NOTES  ,"
The dance held in the new hall at
South. .Waldo oh New, Years eve was
successful' both financiallyrarid socially. A large number were*present
from Waldo,' Baynes Jaffray, Wardner, Dorr, and Elkmouth. The music
was good and the floor lh fine condition and dancing was much, enjoyed.
At midnight a delicious supper was
served, then dancing was resumed,
and continued until the we sma' hours
of the morning,
The Rev, Crowther.late or London,
Eiiglnnd Is looking oyer the country,
wllh a view of locating later. -
Mr. Walter Robertson, wife nnd sis-
ier-ln-law, are visiting friends In
The   heating   plant   ofcthe Miners
Union theatre is now completed and
the house Is not only one of the prettiest, but one of the most comfortable
in the west.     John Hutchison, better
known as 'Hutch,' the new manager,
has secured several good attractions
for   the  near  future.      On   Tuesday
and Wednesday next   the  12th    and
13th, the San Francisco opera company
will hold the boards. This well known
company  is bigger and  better  than
ever. *   Teddy Webb ^nd Mabel Day
are the stars. ■  On the 18th Tho Bonnie Briar Bush will bo the attraction.
This play makes good wherever human interest appeals and that means
everywhere.     On Monday the  , 31st,
and following days. Miss Belle Stevenson,' supported by the Summers Stock
Company, will produce several of the
latest London and • New  York    successes, including "The'Lion and the
Mouse,' and The Witching Hour.     On
all nights when the house would otherwise be dark the very finest motion
pictures, illustrated songs and vaudeville will be the'entertainment provided. While at the coast Mr. Hutchinson  purchased   for  the   theatre  the
very latest model in cintermetorgraph,
a" machine without a flicker, so   the
patrons may depend on getting    the
very best in this^lihe.      Many*   features have been planned for the winter months which, will be announced
from time to .time. The theatre will
in future be known as the Grand .Theatre. • ,       ■ ;
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ....$10,000,000 i
Capital Paid Up $5,000,000     Reserve .$5,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead,  Cronbrook,  Fernie,  Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Myie, Nelson
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
1910   DIARIES
Office Diaries, all sizes
Pocket Diaries
Office Desk Calendars
Canadian, Almanacs
World's Almanacs
Typewriter Papers and Office Supplies galore
The Leading Druggist Phone
90<SB» ■*&£■©*■*
(Continued from page four),
tho ears ot those who havo the power
to.retaliate, In a way that more than
ono poor soul has found out to his bit-
tor experience boforo now to bo only
too truo a fact.
Why should this happen? Theso
men aro drawing loads without a yoke
to protect their bone-projected shoul-
Of course It Is truo that tho union
Is tho union man's protection, but only
to a certain extent—It cannot protect
him In nil things, Tho union cannot
bo so thorough n dofonco as to
vouchsafe tho wolfnro of n minor that
may hove brought upon hlmsolf tho
displeasure and tho scowl of a grudging mlno management.
I think, and sincerely bollovo, that
It Is tlmo for us to turn our oyos attentively and glvo hood to this soro,
Irrltiitlvo spot, a spot I dnro say that
Is a cause or much discontent nnd
rostlossnesB to tho wholo body.
Why should this Intolerable thorn
bo permitted to oxlst and to stay
among us to wound nnd hurt tlio noble
spirit of our mon, who uro too honor
ablo and loynl to rufusu their service
whon called upon, and ton upright to
shield themselves bnlilml n. He when It
Is hurd to tell the truth, und tho con-
flaquonco In that tlioy have to Hiiffor,
I enn't understand very well how It Is
llllll    ililn   lh   •liiurt-Aj   IU   tu-Ulu,   Iuul   ii
hud not bi'i'jj j'cjjjtu'i'd lonjr njw. Whnt
prevents this blundcrlnc coiiHtltutlonnl
clause from being rectified rlitht a wny
without delay,     It hns driven many
a man from our ranks badly beaten
,       , .   i    . i , i, -
<«>,*.»   **.',*. '-.*;*    •*'.',.'....'*.  ".. *   .v.'.y.,   *.-...,
away who would bo members also bocauso it still    'HiUtH.
It Is lo the oyes of mnny nn abomination thnt should he cast out, nnd
vpnru our men tho bitter gull that
mnny had tho misfortiino to tasto.
Lot lliosf do this kind of uorl;
who nn* provided wllh Dw support
thnt renders them hulcpetulfnt of nny
cmployor; tlioso *who nro elected to l»n
our reprcsfntathes, nnd arc placed lu
such a position as to stand and have
tho stability to fare with Impunity any
operators association, and snap, if the
causo needs,, their fingers In defiance
and demand for tm our patient rights,
for improvement. We mean to keep
after the government' for an eight
hour bank to bank law, Workmen's
Compensation'act, and-better mining"
laws, also the social conditions of the
men who come In this1 part- of' the
country for the winter, i We want
better homes for them and not dens
ancl dug outs the same as they, have
to contend with here at the present
We want' to see the men better fed,
and I can assure you that the conditions here are deplorable. The mon
have not a proper place to wash in,
and the sanitary conditions aro a disgrace to civilization.' (Tho ventilation
in these mines' is enough to kill a
mnn. We hopo and trust that very
soon we will be able lo put a stop to
all this unnecessary suffering, and
that, we will be ablo to llvo In comfort
the same as the operators do,
President Powell had an experience
iu Itochc Porcee last week. Wo had
a meeting amongst the mon there,
and ho learned from them that in tho
month of October tho Itocho Percee
Coal Mining Company told them that
they could not glvo them an advance
on their wages, and they wont so far
as to ask the men to como In and audit their books,
As soon us the, company heard that
Pres. Powell and Org, James woro
ganizor Jnmosgunlzer James woro
hero, thoy gave tho men nn advance
of ton per cont, thinking to keop tho
union out. Prosldont Powoll is working vory hard around1 hero. I only
wish that ovory officer was tho samo
stamp ns Prosldont Powell. , Wc had
officers down hero two years ngo who
fairly spoiled this district. I myself
was ono who got put out of a job ovor
a certain dlHtrlcl offlcor and 1 got no
rocomponso for It.
If only Prosldont Powoll hnd boon
down horo two yonrs ago wo would
not bo experiencing tho difficulty that
we nrn going through now. Slncn
President Powell hns boon down hero
tho social conditions In this camp
havo Improved, and lot ub hope that
tho management of this company will
contlnuo to Improve I think 1 have
told you about nil thoro Is to say
about this district.
Wishing you the compliments of Dw
' I nm, fratomnlly yours,
join nccim.
Orc..-Trcn«,   ?(M U.M.W.
fR.H: Marlow
First* Class Union Store carrying a Suitable Line of Xmas
Two  South  African  Scrips
sale at usual price
mmm—mm—m——mmm*mm—*——*•—*—m ,
If you WANT a thorough
musical training;, ( Pianoforte
or Organ ) then call on James
Cartllege, opposite Methodist
Church, who receives and trains
pupils and can assure intending
patrons of best attention being
shown tnem, Parents please
To select that make of piano of which you
may be justly proud, hot only when it is
new, but also after you have used it many'
many years. Buy the kind that not only
is good but remains good.
M. W. Elley. Dist. Mgn
Fernie Opera House
A. PIZZOCOLO, (Lesser)   ...
•Jamos Oartiloffo
Garbutt Business
Stafford Block, Lethbridge.
Guarantees positions to its graduates, Thorough Instruction in
Shorthand & Commercial branches,
For any Information or free prospectus write
Qoo.J. Shmldt,
Principal Garbutt Business College
P.O. Box 1201    Phono 203
Every Night a choice Program,
of Moving Pictures and Vaudeville. Best films entirely new
for the citizens of Fernie. The
Programme changes 3 times
a week.   Orchestra every flight
The House Well Heated
Usual Prices.    Good order maintained
District Ledger Ads Pay Well
Have Your Palm Read.   Know Thy Future
* * * i
Tlw following Ih tho lottor mf.-r-l
rod lo In tho forcRolnn: J
llpfflnn, Iluenmbor -2 j
I lmvo tho honor to ndmowl'-dKi- j
rooclpt of your <.oinmunlnUloii of !)<•• i
comber lUth whloh potltlons lho kov
ornniont of Hnskntchownn to oniic* mi ■
(>lKht hour bank to bank law for conl j
mlnos In tin* provlnco ns wi-II an u j
Wurkiiii.ii'K Cnnipt'DHitllon Act, ulintlur i
to that nlri'iuly adopted In th*> pro !
vlncr- of Alberta, J
1 mny slntr- In n*ply tlmt ns thej
I'nulndal Aski-mbl) bas just held lis I
annual session, If will not »>•• pon«lbl<.
to hum any action tuken on tin* lm I
portant tnntlur» you wrlto of for si j
least n year.
In  tin*  mi-an-Mme  the  novornment
Madame  l^elmar
The world famous Hlndo seeress and Prophet, Madame belmar, has no
uqual in l-o rproteision. brio nanClii aione, tne uutn ol •**■**.11111>hib. -/.mi*
out asking a question, and at a glance she gives names, dates, fact* and
localities in the vast problem of life. Tells what you acme for and guarantees to reveal every incident In your life, past, preetnt and future; advises you on courtship, love, marnags ar.,1 divorce; inlet, changes speculations, wills, property, buninrtt lo-ni*--:. a'id .tirkrif 11. Pe»itlv-"l/ no fe>*
accepted in advance and net at all unless \ erfectly satisfied. This, i*
f»lr, ft It not? Lemoni 111 palmistry .ind hypi cAi»-*i. tti.iiti untu-
persons developed. Call early to avoid crowJ. Cffict! Ho jii. '3 a vi. to
0 p.m.
ROOM   7,   KING   EDWARD   HOTEL,   FERNIE,   B.C. t3tFtiSiAI*2*i)tfaitat$2ito&i*t*a*fixai
The Cost of Coal
In Human Life
By Robert -Watehorn in tho
Conl is king! This aphorism
is as old as steam engines and as
true as gospel. "Without eoal the
world's marvellous commercial
achievements -would have been
impossible. ' Civilized man everywhere enjoys the inestimable and
numerous blessings whicli coal affords, though comparatively few
men have even an approximate
idea' to what extent they are indebted to coal for the creature
comforts of life.
.It is not the purpose of this article to dilute on the by-products
of eoal, nor to dwell on the multiplicity of things—from the tints
of bonnet ribbon to the medicine
chest—which are thc results of
coal production,, but to deal with
the naked fact that this blessing
is enjoyed at an unnecessarily
great cost in life and limb. Thc
"theme demands attention by virtue, of,the prodigious increase in
the production of this precious
mineral, and the deplorable con-
.seuent increase in the sacriifce of
life. The coal output each year
for nearly a decade lias been 20
billion tons greater than the preceding year, with a like augmentation of the shedding of blood
and loss of limb.
Jn the actual mining and,handling of our. vast annual output
more than a,half million of men
■and boys are employed, and two
millions of wiv.es, mothers, and
children are dependent on them;
so that the mining industry may
be said to involve approximately
three millions of persons. Every
preventable death in a coal mine
is equivalent! to a case pf man,-
slaughter or homicide, and it is
the State's business.to put an end
to the shocking travesty ' of dependent local juries presenting a
monotonous verdict of "unavoidable accidents."
When it was still lawful for the
children  ten years old  to  work
twelve hours a day underground,
exclusive of the time required to
travel from home 'to tlie actual
place underground, which practically made each working -lay 14
hours, the writer began his career
in 'tiglaml as a pit lad, and followed it there and in this country
continuously for a fifth of a century. The nineteenth century was
nearly half spent before any word
found place in the statutes of any
country to regulate and  define
coal mining, that might by any
degree, of charity be construed as
giving expression to humane view.
Every act ol! parliament bearing
on the subject, until tho close of
the first half of the nineteeth century, was more liko so many pages
taken from a slaveholder's diary,
than serious.legislation.     No pen
could adequately describe the conditions prevailing previous to tlie
year 18f*0, when whole families—
both—sexes,   were  employed   under conditions    Hint   beggar description,      Women,  by  way  of
avoiding the cramped attitude as-
Hutued by miiiers in undercutting
coal, were, given  the preference,
and were allowed to carry the coal
up (lie shaft by iir'iiiih of a winding, tortuous si airway. The eoal
was .(lacked  in wicker    baskets,
mid plnci'il on Iheir bucks,    nml
made secure hy menus of strapN
passed round their foreheads, like
the yoking of oxen in certain parts
of Murnpr* to this day * while others were geared by a belt around
the hips and n chain passed    between   the limbs   and pulled   the
lOitUlt, MCllUKI*,   .      illOllg    »,*. (M/drl!
tlil.-!\h.       TIii-m:  Hrii: (he IIHttllodn
in vogue for boys al the time the
writer became so painfully acquainted with the calling, and he
i • i   i ■ i i        ,  '  ■
,.w*»* *,,,-» \.u\v *..**..   t'Avpis,*, v •wttMtiiiiliV,
these accounts are not overdrawn.
Indeed the hoys of that day who
I Iiiih earned their daily bread well
know how impossible it would be
for any historian fully to depict
the experiences which were forced upon IIii-iii, fi'Miii day Ih dny.
plus the "stint" they had to perform.
Hi-fore,  tho Christian  era  men
mined coal in Knglai-d along the
ouUi'opji with oaken picks pointed
with flint, hul, for lack of belter
' tools and knowledge, they could
do no more than make a mere gash
as it were,*1'along the hillsides, and
thus for want of skill were saved,
the pains and perils of an underground life.
Not a word appears in any parliamentary paper about mining or
miners until a period slightly antecedent to the debates on the American Colonial Revolution, and
from that date nothing of an ameliorating character was introduced until Lord Ashley in°18-i2 commenced a most intelligent, forceful, and efficient effort to emancipate women and children from the
drudgery and demoralization of
mining. Lord Ashley was opposed by the foremost* mine owner of that day, Lord Londonderry,
and although he rescued women
from its perils he was compelled to
compromise, and boys were sacrificed to the short sightedness
and greed, of Lord Londonderry
and his abettors. For all practical purposes it may be accepted as
historically'true that to Lord Ashley is due the credit of this genuine emancipation and its world
wide effect.
The statistics incident' to the
production of coal in America are
not one whit less harrowing than
any of the old world coal records,
and this is tlie more deplorable
because we had the old world's
experience to guide us in our beginning.
"With the single exception of the
employment of women, we have
permitted every ' inattention to
those provisions in the mining of
coal which would have,prevented
the shedding of much precious
blood* and many bitter tears.
Strictly speaking,, robbery and
other forms of shameful treatment
pros to the title of., this paper,
hut the matter would not be complete without reference to these
features in that they are quite in
keeping with thc negligent policy
whicli hits been so prolific of needless mortality.
It is less than twenty-five\vears'
since miners in many sections of
dur country were compelled to
cut (without compensation) from
timber lands the supports with
which the sides, and'tops of the
.mine were propped up. It is less
than twenty years since "many of
the mine owners resisted, like
Lord Londonderry, every reasonable proposal to amend the' laws
* Convention      _
Call Issued
To' the Local Unions pf the United
Mine Workers of America, "Greeting: . -
You are hereby notified that the
2Jst annual convention of the United
Mine Workers of America will be held
iu Tomlinson Hall, Indianapolis, Ind.,
commencing at 10 a.m. Tuesday, Jan.*
18, 1910. *  '
A careful examination of the following,.extracts from Article Five of the
Constitution will show the basis of
representation and the manner of the
election of delegates:
Section 2: Representatives to the
International Convention''shall be elected directly from Local Unions and
shall have one vote for each one hundred members or- majority fraction
thereof, but no representative shall
have, or be credited by the Credential
Committee with more'than five votes,
nor shnll said Credential committee
transfer votes to any delegate not duly
authorized by the Local Union,* and
no person shall be eligible as representative who is not a mine worker
or employed by the organization, and
Is a bona fide member of a local union in the'district which he is said to
Note: The term "Miner or Mine
Worker" includes any one working in
or around the mines and a member of
a  Local  union.
Sec. 3: No local union shall be-en-,
titled to representation in the International convention that is in arrears
for d'tes or assessments for two
months preceding the one In which the
international conention is held, and
which has not in every particular complied with the constitution of the district in which said local"union may
be located, or which has less than ten
members, and any mine within the
jurisdiction of the United Mine Workers, having been once organized for a
period of three months and allowing itself to become lapsed, defunct, or refusing to pay dues or assessments to
the organization, shall pap a sum equal
to three months dues and assessments
on all members ' to the international
and - district unions, before it can be
reinstated or reorganized, and must
be in good standing for four months
previous to the month in which the international convention is held before
said local union shall „be entitled to
representation in the annual or special
conventions.       ,
Sec. ,4. If it shall appear upon inves-
igation that any local union has lapsed
in order to evade the payment, of tax
or assessments, the international executive board shall insist upon the
payment of all back taxes and assessments, ,-      '   - '    " "
Sec. 5. All newly organized locals
must - be organized at least .three
months, and have two months ■ dues
paid prior to the month in which the
International convention is held before they will be entitled to representation,, unless said new locals are composed of members from aid locals-In
good standing at time of organization;
the fact that a new local Is composed
of members of an old local must be
attested by the district secretary.
Sec. 6. Representation shall be based
upon the average momberhslp of the
Local union for the last, throe months
upon which payment has beon made,
previous to the month In which the
International convention Is held.
Delegates to tho International convention shall be elected nt any regular
meetings aftor tho cull for tho convention has beon received and it notice
shnll bo posted at tho mine at least
three dnys previous to such mooting,
Made from cream of tartar derived
solely from grapes, the most delicious and healthful of all fruit acids*
i —■ : "■  it
/TP  On the Lesson by the Rev. Dr. Linscott for the International
if ' Newspaper Bible Study Olub. ,
Sunday School
Offiee: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Houra 9-12; 1-5;  6.30-7.30.  Phone 72
B. C.
W.  R.   ROSS K.C.
Barrister   and Solicitor
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Straet Fernie B. C.
January 9 1909
tJ1 . . stating that delegates are to be elect-
with a view to terminating intol-! ed. „   Delegates to tho international
erablo conditions. [convention  shall  rocolvo u majority
To this day it can be truthfully i)'010 °,f U,° «o«n|>o"..proBenl at moot-
, .    ., '        , '  i Ing when such delegates are elected.
said ot many eoal companies that
they employ men for no other reason than to earn dividends by
their labor; hence thc necessity'of
Soc. 7, Any member of tho United
Mine Workors of . nicrlca accepting a
position other thnn that, of n minor or
nilno worker shall not be eligible to
net. ns representative to any * nub ills-
improving matters by new legisla- \ah-i, district or intcrn.'itlonnl convention and the enforcement of exist- ■tl°"' w-.roproHont tlie United Mlno
uon una uit uiioH.cmenioi.e.\isi.-lWor)(ors ,_ ft centml ,1)m]y or S(ntn
ing laws. I Federation of Lnbor convention, while
Twenty yours ago a miner who |holding such position; but accepting n
would have asked normission «n I Poaltlon with tho United Mlno Work-
-ttoiiin mm, nsKcu peimismon '« |(,,.H or ftny othor nfflllntod oi-Rimlzatlon
witness the weighing of his own I shnll not bo construed ns making a'
coal (and he was paid by weight) j mombor Ineligible to net ns roproHon
would have been instantly dis-
charged for easting aspersions on
the honor of his employer j and
his discharge would nuike others
tamely submit lo a continuance of
the trickery which was practiced
with the weighing of every carload, When a bill was being
discussed in (lie Pennsylvania Legislature in the eighties designed
to permit miners lo employ' a
elieek-weighnnin, arguments that
were used against the piissiige of
(he measure were too absurd to be
believed; yet il was willi great*
difficulty that sueh nn eminently
just measure wns eiuieteil; nud no
Icsn difficult, was it to obtain the
legislation which made it mandatory tor iniiiii owners adequately
(o supply suitable timber for i\w
keeping of the fool's and walls of
the mines  from  fulling  in, and
eilisiiing lo ilealu Ilie iinners wlio
were excavating. The supplying
of sufficient fresh nir, and many
oilier humane and necessary measures have all alike been opposed
by nii'iguid-'d mine. uwii'T.i, and
to Ibe spirit which actuated them
is due the undiminished dfiith
rate which still hangs like a per-
peliiiil shroud over th al mines
of all too many sections of mir
Resistance to remedial legislation  and  cheating at  the weigh
(Continued on page 7.)
Soc. 8, Tho books of the socrotary-
treasurer shnll be closed for tho yoar
on Novombor 30 and no urutluntlulB
Hhall bo rocolvod aftor January 8, nor
shnll nny dclogntn bn entitled to a sent
lu tho International convention unlciiH
thoir local union wiih Id nood Htumllug
on December, 1, preceding thn dnte
upon which tho nniiun! convention Ih
Soc, 0, Delegates to the Internal lonal
convention Hhnll be pnld railroad fare
to nnd from iho convention on tho foi-
lowing bnHlH: Ooleguli.-H Hhnll represent
flvo locals) If Haiti 1 oca In contain not
,morn than fiOO membi-iK, When there
are fiOO jimniberH In one local or n Iohh
number thnn five lnenlH, hiicIi Incnls
Hhnll be ent Hied to Head it delemitc,
nud nny local union sltnnted one or
more miles from nny other local union
Hhnll be entitled tn send n reproKciitnt.
ive nnd Hhould there ho more than
flvn vnwm In nnv titxri tnenl nr ernnp
of IociiIh, thoy Hhall bo entitled tn it
repn-Ht'iTniiuvo Ior thu lehliUonnl mem-
beiK iih provided for In UiIh coiiHtllu-
tlon. The Kvn-cutlve Hoard shall have
power to levy on the niemhern to carry
out the above provlnlmiH provided wild
Hoc. ta. Where railroad certlflcatcH
ennnot be obtained by delefiuleH ntt-
einllnfr the Inlorniilloniil Convention
they iiluill funilHh receipts for the faro
DoleRntcH' to the ronvenllon Hhould
bo elected Riifflrlf-nHv early fn cii-iMc
Hi-, Herri'inry of the local union to forward the diipllrntK cr.'ilciiilfils In time
io j<"i*uh the International Hcrre'nry'H
office, not later than January 8, 1!»10,
\"cK<.tiatloiiH nre now briiiR made to
HPcuro upeclnl rut oh of truiiHiuirliitlon.
Instrurilnna to d-'I'-Riitf h eonrernliiR
the r-imhafi- of ibiwts ivill bn publish
ml In fhf r'nlffff Minn -IVorfc-T't Tour-
tiitl toK'-Her with the nih-R olilnlin-il
nt vnrloiiH hotels.
T. L. Lewii, Preddent
Edwin Perry, Sec-Treat.
The Baptism and  .Temptation
Jesus.—Matthew 3:13-17, 4.1,11:
Golden Text—ln that he hath s'iif
fered being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted. Heb. 2.18
•' Verses 13, 14—Why did Jesus want
to be baptized?
Wliat reason is there for the opin
Ion that John's refusal to baptise
Mesus was a reasonable position to
take?    .    - ■_
Verse 15—Is baptism essential to
salvation and if not, wliat is Its purpose? '''■*,
Repentance seems to have been a
necessary step to John's baptism,, did
Jesus need to repent?
Verses 16, 17—What evidence is
there that any person but Jesus saw
the opening heavens, the Holy Spirit,
or that they heard the voice from
Heaven ?
If a few of those present, who were
spiritual, saw "and heard these things,
is there any eivdence to show that the
multitude did also?
Verse 1.—Why, did the * spirit lead
Jesus  into  the wilderness?	
What reasons are there to believe
that temptation was or was not, essential for the spiritual development of
Jesus?      ,,,*"', .,
Is temptation necessary or a, part
of God's educational process for all.of
us,     Give your reasons for your 'belief?       ......
—H ow~m ifc h~Vi rt u e~wou i d" x here"- be~i n
doing right if there were neither temptation nor opportunity to do wrong?
(This question must be answered in
writing by the members of the club.)
Verse 2.—Why, did Jesus fast, and
what is the general effect of fasting
upon spiritual life?
If Christians follow the example of
Jesus In the, matter of fasting, what
results would you expect would probably follow?
Give a reasoned opinion as to whether Jesus would probably feel the
pangs of hunger during the ecstacy of
the fast?
What are the limits of the rule thnt
reaction generally follows exaltation,
mtd state whether Jesus was likely
passing through this reaction when he
was an hungered?
Verse ''A—To what part, of the nature
of Josus did the devil make his first
Glvo your reasons for your opinion
as to whether physical temptations nro
ns numerous or dnngeroiiH ns spiritual
temptations?   ,
Verso -1—What would havo been tho
moral quality of the act If Jobub had
mnde hvend out of stones?'
In what, hciiho do good men llvo by
tho word of God?
Verso n—Did Jeuns go bodily into
the city, nnd If not, what, did tako
Whnt aro tho reasons to bollovo that
lho mental temptation would' bo as
powerful uh If It had boon physically
Versos 0, 7--.What dooH thla second
temptation appeal to?
Am thero any except Ions to the rule
that, a mnn of God will novor go cm-
trary to God's pnlabllHlied laws?
Whnt Ih It to lompt God?
VorsoB 8-11—What method did the
llovll adopt to glvo Jobuh tho moot
extenHlvo view of his kingdom?,
What are tho "klngdomH of, the
world, which tho Dovll controls?
How could tho edlvnl havo given
Jesus whn(. he promlHod?
Do niiRels nlwayH mlnlHter to thorn*
WllO'HUCCOHRflllly oppOHO tho Dovll?
LoHHon for Hundny, January Kith,
lino.   .
The cglnnhw of tho Galilean MIiiIh-
try.--Matthew VM-Vt,
and, Capernium, and state,at least one
thins for which these cities are noted
Verses 14-16—State your reasons for
either theory that Jesus went to dwell
in' Capernaum purposely to fulfil the
prophecy of Isaith, or that his going
there,was an unconscious fulfilment of
this prophecy?*.
Why, or why not, do any of the events which God says are.going to happen, depend upon the help of "man?
Why is it that the advent of Jesus
into any heart, or into any community,
is like a great light bursting out in
dense darkness? (This question must
be answered in writing by members of
the club.)   ' * ■
What is the literal moaning of the
figures of light and' darkness, as used
in verse 16?
Verse 17.—What, if any, ,was the difference between John's preaching of
repentance and that of Jesus? (See
Chap". 3:2.) 7 ;
Compare say Abraham and Enoch of
the Old; Testament with the Apostles
John and Paul of .the New Testament,
and then compare the four with an
equal number of godly men of today,
and then say. if there: is any ■ essential
difference in the way that they each
entered into the kingdom6of God?
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Barrister and Solicitor
A. McDougall, Mgp
•■ -    ' 3
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all lands of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.'
Hours 9 toU; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
Residence *21 Viotoria Ave.
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of.'
January 10 1910
Tho UcKlnnliiR of the Galilean Ministry. Mntt, 4M2.fi.
Golden Text. , Tho people which
Hut in darltucHH hiiw n great light. Matthew 4:111. ''■■,,
Vc.ho 12.—Why did .Iphuh depart for
»n|lii<<'   •rtlu.li  in-  in.mi   iiiui  iiuuu   ■»»•>
Jwdu-J.'-t'Ui'il?    Will** St fer fenr ef :\ personal iirrcHt?,
Why should a good mnn not unnec-
PHsnlrly expoRp himself tn nny dnn-
i*- m r» ,.11 *l*.*    /.«i*    n\x
*,   '»*   .-.'.        k,4 . ml\ •.l*.   •  HI'.       *-^»        _f ••	
the map tho situation of  NuMircth,
Verses 18-22—How can you explain
that these fishermen so promptly gave
up their business and followed after
Jesus? . p
What can be said for or against the
idea that they heard-Jesus frequently
and had thoroughly convinced themselves of his authority, and' that then
they took sufficient time to dispose of
their business affairs?
Give a reason for your answer as to
whether God in these days, or ever,
calls upon men and women to do erratic things, such as neglecting their
business, or their families, In order to
do religious work? i
How many a man of God recognize
tho call of God to now work, when lt
comes through tho medium of another
"will a true Christian at the command of Qod, give up the'business ln
which he may bo engaged In ordor to
do gospel work?       ,
When God calls a man to devote himself to gospel work, Is lt always to bo
presumed that It'ta n life long call?
' Most porjplo recognize that'a special
call Is nocessary for the gospel ministry, but If that be so why Is not a
specinl cull as necosfliiry for any occupation?
Why for example Hhould not a Chris-
tlnn biackHmlth, hnvo ns doar cut
conviction, nH that of a pastor of a
church, that ho' Ib doing his divinely
appointed work?
If you are not suro that you aro
whoro you ought to be, and aro doing
what God wants you lo dp, what renson Is thero to bollovo that you aro
not living, In Home degree, separate
from God?
Voi-ho 23—Why Is ovory Christian,
to tho oxtent of his opportunity, undor as much obligation to minister to
tho spiritual, social, and physical ro-
uulri'iiK'titH of tho pooplo of IiIb town
iih Jesus was?
Verso 24—l)ld Jemis heal nil tho
Hick people In the community?
Verso 25,—Is n faithful man equally
tu bo prulHcd whet hur ho Is popular or
un popular ?
Lesson fnr Hunday, Janunry 2:ird—
True HIi-HKcdnesH, Matt, .V.l-10,
March 10: Cranbrook
March 17: Fernie
April 7: -Golden
April 9: Wilmer
.April 14:  Cranbrook.
April 21: Fernie
May 12: Cranbrook
May 19: Fernie
June 9:  Cranbrook.   ",
June 16: Fernie
June  23:   Golden.
June. 25:. Wilmer.
September 3: Wilmer
September 8: .Cranbrook
September 15:  Fernie
October 13:  Cranbrook
October 20:  Fernie
November 3: Golden.
-November 10:  Cranbrook
November  17:   Fernie
December 8: Cranbrook
December 15: Fernie
Chambers will be held at Fernie on
Tuesday In each week excepting the
weeks when ther Is a sitting of   the
court.     Chambers ln Cranbrook each
Monday and all othor days the Judge
Is In town.
Up to the first of the prosont month
donations to tho locked out workors
In Sweden from the various countries
amounted to $427,000. Germany contributed over ono half, or moro than
all other countries combined. Little
Denmark follows with nearly $90,000,
and Norway with $67,000. Tho'States
sont about $12,000.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
OCC     U»   UUtiC
-.   ■ •■'
C. -W. DAVEY & CO., Props.
, -s" <•      M
,   .       .    ...  ..  _
60   YEARS'
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Commercial,
and Tourist House   ,
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Lumber Dealer
Trade Marks
._..  Dhions.
leruln onr opinion •froo whoiuer i
Old-iit lienor Jir i*tmnnap*t»tiu.
Anyon-i lending a ikotob end deiorlptlnn mty
^ufoklr Afoeruln gyr oplnlgn •froojfdoiu —
Invention |i proni
  ut laenor.fOf ii ._     .
1'attnta taken, tErpuiih Munn ATS), roeel-ra
tptelai notki, •without, charge, tn the
Scientific fliiwicaii.
A hendaomely Uluitratod weekly, Largeit et»•
puutlon of any aolontino journal. Terma for
Canada,*fU6_ year,|x_la«o prepaid*, bold by
all newkgeajerj.
jQiaiBrMdwy, New York
All kinds of rough und dressed luinhoi
Viotoria Ave,
Worth Fertile
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Liquidator and Trustee; auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie,
O.  Box 30B
Sittings in East Kootenay for   Year
Ta Pfirritt
January Ilth, Tiic-mlny at Wllmor.
January    11th,    Friday   nt   Cran-
January 20:  Pornlo
.1 miliary 27: (lohlou.
t I'mUl ',       >*J.       C»A>,ij|*VAi<«,
February 17: Fer.ile.
Does not Color the Hair
Stops   rolllns Hnir
Destroys Dandruff
An Efesnnt Dressing
Makes Hair Grow
Compotfrf of Sulphur, Glycerin, Qulnln, Sodium Chlorid, Capsicum, Safe, Alcohol,
Wtttr, Perfume.  Aik your doctor hit opinion of such a hair prepmtlon.
Does not Color the Hair
J   (). At»K (V.tfl'lHI. 1.M..I1, Xlum
List of Locals District 18
Aahcroft Mints
2 Mill
Cnn morn
Conl City    ,.
P p. yV or. ■.!:■,!■.
Diamond City
Edmonton City,
Krt mnn Inn
*"* t
it ft
Mnplrr- 1^-af,
Itoynl Collk-rlfls
Itoclif, Pi-rrco
(Corrected by Distrlc Secretory Dec. 31, 11)09.)
T. Groy, Aslicroft Mlnofl, LuUibrlilgi', Altn.
T, Ilradloy, Uanltlioail, Altn.
J. nurko, Ilollovtio, Fronlc, Alta.
(I. Kelly, Illnlrmoro, Altn,
Wm, AiikoH, Canmoro, Altn.
A, B, Altroy, Conl City, Tabor, Alln.
W. Graham, Colomnn, Altn,
ti   r,"»'.*    (•*■•- -i*- •• i"V     p •), 'a-
,1, Min, PtiT-Uff,  Min.
I-\ K.Rt, Amnnt, Cnrdlff. Altn,
A, Hamilton, Corbin, I). C.
Pnt Kelly, Diamond City, I-otlilirldRO, Altn
C, F. Urrlor, Ifil Hollnmy fit. Edmonton
*    P   Tnllnn   *♦ FVrv/nr Vlnta   V/tmt\ntr,n
V. Holub 127 Lome Bt. Norwood, Edmonton
D. noes, Fornio n. C,   '
O. Nicol, Frank, Altn.
J. W Morrla, Honmer, B. C.  *i
,T. O. JonoB, Illllcrent, Altn.
II. Evans, Konmaro, N. D.
M. I'llBlincl--, i>. 0. UH, Utlibrldgo, Altn.
J. T. Orlffhhs, Mile,'Frank, Alta.
V. Donarcl, Mnplo I_ af, Ilollnvuo, Alia.
Chas, (Jnrner, Mlchol, B. C,
A. Covatch, J'flB-sburK, Alta.
Cbns. Hmlth. lloynl Coll., Uthbrldg«, Alta
L. McQuarrlo, Iloch Forcco, Bask.
A. Bhnw, Strathcona, Alta.
Wm. H\iH*«*N, 'lalimr. Alia,
R Brown, Taber, Alta.
J. Roclio, Taylorton. 8nsl< THE  DISTRICT  LEDGER, FERNIE,     B. C. JANUARY 8 IS**.
\ '"
I  Jl
Man ley & Lawrence
• Proprlotors
.   1117  Third Avenue
Near Seneca.' St,
Seattle -      Wash
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
, Gents' Furnishings
A complete line of samples of
Fall Suitings and
Worsteds, Serges
and Tweeds
Up-to-date Workmanship
>*•■*" *■-•*•■.
Moderate Prices
Good  News
for Xmas.
Turkeys, Geese, Ducks, Chic-
kens and all Meats Specially
Selected for Xmas, Trade.
- Empress   Mince   Meat'
Golden. Leaf and  Stilton
"'" Cheeses
Oysters and Fresh Fish.
Leave your orders with:
Cattle Co.
Phone 58
100 tons of good
Baled Hay
W. E. Barker, Cayley, Alta,
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
j Bottled Gi
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Cost of Caal
In Human Life
(Continued from page 6) „
scales are not the, only forms of
viciousness jwhich may properly
be charged. against them. The
following, from a book- by*' Dr.
Roberts—"The Anthracite Coal
Industry"—will serve to throw-
light on another form bf "thrift,"
among mine owners: .
Miners Monthly Due Bill"
■Coal mined,; 4-9 tons at
711-2 cents  $35.03
Debtor':  * $
Supplies $8.25
- Blacksmith 30
. Fixing l*wo drills .-.    .30
Rent ... ''6.00
Groceries, etc . ..    20.18
* **************************
Dining Room and Bedi under
New Management,
First class table board
Meats 25t   Meal Tielceti $5.00 ii
Balance due  $00.00
The due bill thus given by Dr.
Roberts is by no means a rarity.
There is scarcely a miner in the
United States 'who has not been
familiar with this kind of reward
at the. end of a month's perilous
labor, and it requires no stretch
of imagination to get an adequate
picture of a miner's household dependent on such precarious remuneration as this for his hazardous toil.   .
■ As compared with 1842, giving
due consideration to oxir present
general enlightenment, the* mining
industry is as much An need of re*-
form and improvement as "it was
at the time Lord Ashley became
the advocate of the miners cause
and the "real friend of the mine-
From first r to last our coal production has cost, us more in loss
of life than the Civil war, ancl,
unlike the heroic men who dyed
the fields of battle with ' their
blood, these hardy soldiers of industry die in the forefront of a
nation's peaceful battle, victims
of a ghastly tragedy,*, and their
only reward is a place in some
,poltei_s_field Q]^its._equu,_ileni_
Ought not the -widow of a* miner
thus slain to.be as much the ward
of the state as, though he had fallen in battle? 7 What, is his desolate widow to do?   ''"What fate
befalls his little brood?      If an
enlightened community does not
feel itself called upon to answer
this question, why not? The state
is responsible,'and no amount of
indifference or shrinking of responsibility will excuse it. Every
preventable accident that occurs
is an indictment of the state. Accidents will always    happen so
long as eoal is mined, but they
occur beyond all reasonable   necessity now, and a new element
of clanger is being introduced that
will unquestionably increase the
casualties if persisted in. I refer
to tho uso of electricity.     The
common opinion is that the .emission of a spark or a flame   is
nccoHsary to oxplodo fire damp—
explosive gas—whon    in reality
the silent current it' of sufficient
voltage,-is all that is required;
and when il is considered that a
static condition is frequently produced by a chango of atmospheric
conditions—barometrical    change
—is it not criminal to permit tho
indiso.rfcmiiuito use of electricity
in mines known to bo gaseous?
Electric currents subtly traverse
oi .vices and nooks where no mino
foreman can take an examining
lamp,     Kloctrio wires nnd safety
lumps   aro   an ill mulched pair,
and no such unequal or inappropriate connection should ho per-
milted; as well might it miiier enter a gaseous mine with a imfety
lamp in one hand mid n  nuked
light iit tho other.
I have personally soon a row of
ordinary gnu jets lighted hy nu
invisible curront of electricity
omitted from a hand buttery   of
irrevocably lost by crude and unscientific methods of mining, and
the "waste incident thereto is as
inexcusable as.it is enormous. The
State should not only design the
methods . of production, but it
should enforce its mandates relative thereto-fearlessly .and equitably. The State's authority in
the premises' cannot be doubted.
Indeed it is to be question'whether
the state can be held entirely
blameless until it- has not only allocated the blame for the disastrous results incident to certain
exceptionally dangerous callings,
of which mining easily.takes„the
first-place, but has also,apportioned the burdens which they entail
the State.
Five cents per ton on the aggregate coal tonnage, in Pennsylvania would afford a pension, to each
widow and orphan, and spare us
a continuance of a pare of those
shocking experiences which are
our shame and our disgrace., The
assessment per ton might be easily granded into, accord with such
diminution of need as should occur. ,. ,,
. Aliens, noted for their strength
rather than tlieir knowledge, are
given employment with. impunity
in places where only tlie most
skilled miners should be employed. .To thus risk an alien's life
is censurable in the extreme; but
he in turn impqrils the lives- of
hundreds of others, which makes
his* employment equivalent to a
wholesale^ sacrifice of life. When
airuntutored alien is crushed to
death'(which occurs so frequently
as to make up an aggregate annual death list, that is truly appalling) his remains are brought to.
the surface and a-coroner's jury,
records its own gross ignorance,
and incompetence and , the bare
fact that the man is dead, but no
one is held to, blame. His poor
surviving fellow ailiens "lav him
♦ ♦
-Agents of the Dominion Coal'
Co. of Cape Breton N. S., are
at work trying to induce miners of .Wilkesbarre and other
anthracite mine towns to go
there and scab. District and .
local officers - should exert
themselves to prevent   them
-from securing    any men for
such purpose.
1 A strike has heen on,in No-
' va Scotia and at these mine's
since July 6 with every prospect of winning. .,
Don't,go there and try to* defeat your brothers who are
fighting for- the right to organize and better conditions of
Stay away. Due notice will
be given ■ in these columns
when the strike is won. Labor papers, please copy.
manslaughter in case of fatal accident to any of these men '.*.
Of the 50 loaders killed by
"falls" during the year 1905, only
5 were English-speaking persons.
It may be stated here also that" the
number of miners and loaders under the age of 21 years is increasing in Pennsylvania. In 1905, 30
persons designated as miners, be-
tween tho ages of 16 and 2*1 and
thereabouts were killed, and five
designated as loaders, between the
ages of 20 and 21. In 1905, 33
miners and 16,loaders between the
ages of 16 and 21 were killed.' It
is a great wrong to.young persons
of this age to allow them to work
as miners, and the foremen who
are responsible for this state, of affairs should be made amenable to
the law ancl punished.
, lh order to reduce the accidents
there must be more frequent inspection by foremen and assistants. This inspection, in my opinion, should be made daily in every
working place in the mine, and
there should also' be insistence on
the part of the foremen and assistants that'the workmen take proper
care of themselves when engaged
in' the dangerous labor connected
with coal-mining. These .foremen
and assistants should see,-as directed by law, that no .incompetent
persons are allowed in a coal mine
cents per ton as a condition precedent to issuing a charter to any
mining company, and make every
orphan its ward and every widow
its pensioner, as a just recompense
for the great loss sustained, or to
maintain a family during the period of disability due * to injuries
received, by a miner while following his employment. In the aggregate, seven counties in one
State have a' roll of 3032 widows
and 8902 orphans from 188*4 to
1899, and these deaths are less
than fifty per cpnt of the whole,
for that period and era. The total
list of widows and orphans in all
the country may be estimated by
the record of this limited section.
I dare boldly affirm that half of
this frightful slaughter,, with ordinary prudence, might havo been
averted; and.by applying a rule
of equitable treatment to those bereft, unspeakable privations could
have been prevented.
The crudest methods of lighting
a mine still prevail, and even mine
managers sometimes get lost in
the labyrinths of mines with whicli
they ..are not familiar. It is not,
then to be wondered at that deaths
in mines from car accidents are
almost as numerous as those caus-'-
ed by mine explosions. Dark,
dismal passageways, minus adequate "safety holes" or refuges,
through which miners are compelled to travel to and from their
working places in the mine, are
the rule and not the exception.
When it is considered that many
mines have miles and miles of
ramifications, narrow, low and
difficult to traverse, and that the
miners are forbidden to ride to or
from their working places, a good
cause for many such"accidents is
at least suggested. Take the official report of the Mining Department of the State of Ohio for. 1905
in which the various causes of fatalities are given their respective
percentages covering a period of
seven years:
Falls of roof  48.4 per cent.
Falls of coal * 15.9 per cent
Mine cars .... .*'... 29.9 per cent
Premature explosion * 5.8' per • cent
The 29.9 per cent, affected. 1694
persons.     It is almost impossible
• <
• *.*
■ t
• <
■ t
■ t
• t
■ t
• i
i                  • , ,i,      \
lIMMltUX-    « .11 •*.*.<. ,1* . ||I1I1I/II1,'I
.              H         ' . .                       .
-tilt*   illlpH.Vw>i*»i
Rates $1.00 per day
R. HMlflVrson,  DlnlnirRonmMirr.
Advertise in the Ledger
in  i^tt'iit; ,i fiiiifcU:
jot hy vigorously passing to and
fro ovor tho jets a sled liar boated
to a whito heat.
'■'i      c.   i ii        ,    .,      i  :r
,,,•,.   .I,,,:,i.     I-......i.i i,    *•'*.    '   ..    "■ '*  '■*.    -i.
so groat neglect is to become
(•hronic. Thoro is no doubt that
added legislation  is a  necessity.
away," and thus the hopes of a
strong Slav, Hun, or "Dago" are
crushed out.
The following is, quoted from
the report* of the chief-mining in-,
spector of the State of Pennsylvania for the year 1905:
, The accidents from falls of eoal,
slate and roof have constantly increased in number during recent
years.    Many reasons can be presented in explanation ,of this   increased fatality.     Thc introduction of coal cuttingi   machinery,
and the-great influx of foreign labor (presumably •non-English labor is referred to hore) are two' of
the chiof causes. When machines
are used in under cutting the coal
thc propping'of" tho roof i.s frequently neglected. , . . Tlio groat
haste displayed iii,the effort- to
finish the cut so that tho machine
cnn be moved to another room is
also a fruitful cause of disaster.
The only qualification doomed necessary    seoms to bo in    many
cases, a pair of strong and willing
arms,    When a victim is killed a
coroner's jury generally brings in
a vordiot ''Killed by fall of coal,
.slate or roof." or ''Killed through
neglect to prop the roof of his
working place."     Scores of foreign annually moot thoir fato in
this way, and tho question rises,
Who is responsible for this groat
loss of lifo?    Tho reports of tho
inspector show dourly that ovor
50 per conl of the accidents caused
hy "falls" aro duo lo Iho cureless-
noss of tho victims,     It is also a
fact that 50 por cont of lhe em-
ployoes. especially tin* miners and
loaders, nro mon tlmt cannot understand tho language of this land
nnd aro ignorant of tlio (lungers
that surround thom.     It is n snd
commentary on   tho management
1     P ' t        •    '      11     l   i 1 ■        1 I'
i ...   tn.l    .«./«*■   tt.t.tl.t   tit.t.k    ft.*..}   *.'i|-*.,>   ■*>*,
[HJi'iXtliiS  'it, il,)ltWl'l}  U,   ll.vJ'Ji   'ill l)ilii
genius places before ihey luivc acquired sufficient knowledge io up-
precinte the dangor,      It  would
per second, for it is known that
they will pass flame (emit flame)
in such a current. It will be seen
from this on what slender threads
the lives of miners daily and hourly hang. Indeed' there are so
many senses in which a so-called
safety lamp is not safe that the
term may be regarded as a misnomer. An ordinary safety lamp
sheds a light about equal to' one-
sixth of a candle power. The principle on which its name "safety"
relies or is based is that in a comparatively tranquil atmosphere it
may be held in a perpendicular
position with the top touching the
roof of the working place where
explosive gases are prone to be
found. The practiced eye of4'a
miner can immediately detect-the
gas if any be present in excess of
three per cent to ninety-seven per
cent of air. If less than three
per cent of the gas is present il is
difficult indeed, even with a safety lamp, to detect its presence;
and herein is a very great source
of danger in dusty coal mines, because 'threejier cent of gas and
great clouds of dust may develop
an extremely explosive condition.
If there be present nine or ten
parts of* air, a most violent destructive condition prevails, and
an experienced miner in facing
such a contingency immediately
smothers his lamp in his woollen
shirt in order-to extinguish it, for
when the inside of the lamp gauze
is filled with flame it naturally
follows that the melting of the
gauze would promptly ensue. It
is greatly to be feared that many
miners, lacking calmness in the
presence'of danger., have shown
great excitement in tbe presence
of-a lamp filled with blue flame,
ancl have acted so,, abruptly unci
hastily that a disaster on a large
scale has resulted; later the coroner's jury has rendered a verdict
which gives us a satirical termination to a heartbreaking catastrophe.
Fully to appreciate the force
which produces some of the terrible effects which have character-
ized-the great 'mine explosions of
history, it should be borne in mind
that fire damp when exploded, ex-
roll kr
as miners. The workmen, especially the miners,,should see to
it that their places are,,made fast
before ■ doing any work. ' They
should by > all .means'take' care 'of
the lives of the laborers put. under
their care, and should be punished
by dismissal and' by prosecution
for criminal negligence.'
Tt is to be regretted that we can
not commend the foremen and. the
superintendents for their care of
tho workmen while actually engaged in the mining of coal at the
fact of tho workings. Statistics
show an awful loss of life among
miners ancl miners' laborers during the past 25 years, 1881. to
1905 inclusive. During that time
4424 miners and 24:32 miners' laborers, a total of 6S76, wore killed
in tho anthracite eoal field.
Tho widow of the foreign miner
who has beon killed in litis country follows her daily round on the
stony slopes of tho Ualkuns, or Iho
vino-clad hills of sunny Italy, sur-'
rounded by hor laughing brood,
and toils on in blissful anticipation of a remittance from fur-off
.America; but, alas, dear ones, ho
who wont to wrest a fortune in
the mines of goldon America, thnt
you us n family, might move up a
notch i ntho scuel of lifo, has paid
an awful penalty, and yours—
novor a rosy prospect—is now ono
of desolation indeed. It is easier
to imagine the grief of such a family than to attempt to describe
Uf nil tlm tragic experiences of
1011 is island, none can equal tlmt
of tho woman and hor children,
who. instead of being met there
by the husband, as they liml so
proudly expected, arc informed
that they can go ih> further., but
liill.it be depoi'lo tins likely In bc-
eiMtio public charge;**,. \\w husband
|iivu\(»  Iii.on   l-illm!     *ii'|ii|i,     iiim"
were i-u vnvjiift-      Thev Iv-ivc    nn
js a well known fact that the *
abandoned or exhausted mine
•chambers, or "breasts" as they
are called, accumulate large quantities of gas, and when, in the
course of time, the timbers decay
and the,roof falls (commonly called a cave-in") it naturally follows
that the air is driven out through
the flimsy stopping at the entrance -.
and the main gangways are filled •
with whatever poisonous , or ex- ■
plosive gases those abandoned
chambers contain. To circumstances of this nature are'due, in very
large part, many of the.catast.ro-
phies which are reported to be
"mysterious." In some, instances
the mine foreman has scarcely
concluded his report that the mine
is safe when the mine is blown to
atoms. Many times the cause
should be sought for in the careless slipshod manner in which the
abandoned working places are
The number of mine foremen,
fore examiners, aiid shot firers in
all cases should be determined by
the number of employees. Too,
much care ancl labor imposed on
these responsible officials has
been the cause of many accidents.
All working places near exhausted •
neighboring operations should be
approached with the utmost cau-"
tion, with a view of avoiding sudden inundations of water or a sudden inrushing of gas.
Shut up in the inner recesses of
an American  mine ,a number of,
brave, men slowly passed   away;
the last of the number to succumb -
lived in that torture chamber for
eight days,'and before he expired,
he wrote on a piece, of blasting paper a letter-to his wife and children, which is as sweet- as it is pa-
hetic, the last line being a most .
prayerful - appeal  to his younger
boys to bo, good to Mamma and to
never work iii a coal mine.
We shall probably produce 20,-
000,000 tons more coal    in 1910
than we did in 1909.     We shall*
increase our death roll by many
scores and our widows ancl orphans by many hundreds 'above,the
frightful  slaughter  roll  of° 1909.
We shall waste valuabel coal beds,,
for want of" scientific methods of
to draw a picture which woiild j
convey an .intelligent view tb ,the
lay mind of the clangers .incident
to traversing -the' passageways in
mines;, but even a laymen might
well shudder at the thought of a
man.having to find his way along
through milos of "headings"   or
"gangways" with tho feeble light
which is allowed him, in most of
the mines, ancl pick his way as
bost he can, carrying ihs dinner-
pail and his working tools., thc
passage way all too frequently being too low to admit of his walking erect, and too harrow to permit of his stepping aside in safety
when a train of cars may pass him
either way, empty trains in or the
loaded trains out (there being in
most cases only a single truck,) Tf
ho happens to meet a train load of
cars going out on a down grade
he must needs boat a hasty retreat
to the first available place of safety, or ondoavor to secreto himself
botwoon  tho timbers which  lino
the sides of the gangway.    In his
hurry his light is likely to be extinguished; and when all this is
realized lho largo death rato from
mine car accidents will bo easier
lo appreciate.
The fact is that ovory passageway should bo as woll lighted as a
city's streets, thoro being no loss
need of it, A luminous lump in-
dependent of the mino air for its
oxygen is quito feasible aud ought
to be supplied, und all passageways always kopt well lighted In
aid mon walking through I hem;
and these provisions arc si ill more
necessary for the drivers boys who
traverse them frequently throughout the "day,
I'l'ecilllt lulls Ugililist explosive
gases are even IIHil'e imperatively
Heeded tlllltl lllesc necessary Ill-
lent ions to the gangways,
\ i-u *"tl!*i-l fil'nlv Itueifi ic nt ilie
be>.t    b-,-,1
panels to 17 times its natural volume! so'that, when hundreds of
thousands of feet of gas are exploded, affecting an area less,than
one seventeenth of the extent ofthe mine,'it naturally follows that
the destruction ensuing is.both
widespread and terrible; for in
the fact of this sudden expansion
all movable things, and indeed a
great many things that are supposed to be immovable, are demolished,; and swept away. Cages (elevators) oil which were loaded mine
cars havo been known to be blown
from the bottom of the shaft up
llirough the hoisting equipment
into the open air, indicating the
incomprehensible, force developed
by expansions on a la roe scale. The
writer hns boen with those who
barely escaped on a number of
occasions, and has boon present at
Iho discovery of tho dead and the
dying, and has often boon almost
as heartsick over tho miserable
work of the coroner and his jury
as ho was distressed over tho calamity they woro supposed to bo
Gaseous mines should be flooded
with at least throe hundred to four
hundred cubic foot of fresh air por
minute per man, and twice that
amount per horse or mule, at the
places whero thoy work. The
groat trouble is that nil* measure-
im-iits an.1 made ut the intake nnd
at the exhaust fan, which mny
mean certain death to scores nl
men in the samo mine, hci-nusc,
llirough faulty trap dimes, "leaky
stoppages," etc., the proportion
of air due in a certain given placo
novor roaches it. An udeipiiite
ventilating system is the Iirst requisite nf any mining plant, ami a
perfect method of distribution nf
air is also indispensable.
Kseiipeeiiiiil .shafts   should    ul-
wav.s be mini." ii<le*!ll'Me and thev
mining. and thereby increase our
unthrift, Avhieh is already very '
shocking. .'We shall stand condemned before .the world unless
we accord our. great army of underground workers a more humane consideration and deal justly
with their widows and orphans.
The adoption and faithful observance of the following rules
would be the means of saving pos-
sbily thousands of lives and of preventing the making of many thousands of,widows and orphans during 1910:
To limit the employment of nou-
Knglish speaking miners to the
less dangerous mines, and never to
employ thom except under the direction of competent, intelligent
To light, adequately and separately nil gangways, independent
of the lights carried by minors
and mine employees.
To sprinkle all lho dusty roadways.
To make manholes adequate iu
size and sufficiently close together t,o insure ample means of escape
from passing cars.
To close up solidly nil abandoned workings, and nil lireak-
throughs, insuring the proper ventilation of the remotest working-
And, most iinpoi'tniit of ull, to
force into the mines sufficient
fresh air to furnish each und every man ii supply of not loss than
HOO cubic feel per luimltf. Tito
hitter provision will not, only tend
tn preserve their lives, but will almost ccrlinuly preclude ihe possibility of tlie lieeiiiiiuiiltion lllld explosion of I'i iv damp.
olgners were proveiited from work
ing in tho mines until tbey hnve
acquired at least the rudiment.--
but tho adequate enforcement of .of tho nglish language, uhIcsh they
existing laws would be very bono-i cun be put to work with compct-
fioial. Ventilation is the key to''cut men of their own nationality,
ibe hilualiou now as il alwiun luu*. , . It is my opiuum that a IWr*
boon. The hurry to get dividend***). man who allows incompetent for-
is rts|*ni))»ibk' lux the loss -of Jif-c.<.giicr* to work Jogi-lber, who do
and waste of tout. Over fifty .not uudertttaiid thc Ktigti.sh l;m-
pcr ftrni of our total -r-ofll ttr&a if*, giiagc. aluo-nlil W Iwld -guilty ivf
I't'di'V'Ss, on nite lo fight iheir h;t!-!sii>'h a prceiniis thing as human
tic and if th-TV hiitl nu :uh;,t■ut-*-,. life), nnd 'Dn litnitntioiis :mv very
what might they hope for where j pronounced.     Ils so-chlied safety
tin. iii. -ltd ol1 m  liiKliimd  k •■ilNi' fn'tViil tire   cniisisfo:   of   M   wife   1'iHiye
the flume of tin* lamp, Tli-'
ignorance or e-treicssnc-s, and is
recorded us neciisinncil by "contributory negligence."
It is not u demand for gcncr-is-
ity that we make, but for simple
justice; and u pmud distinction it
will be for fin- Sfnf.- thai vfs 'he
world it true e.jaiuple by being tin-
first one t«> abate tin** burning
Th<' _ tat.* uii-ilit to demand five
Yvii-rib' uiiVcii-uard 'of I should always be neecssible in illinium shaft wbieli i<; in daily use
All dusty roads should he «s reg-
uliirly watered as ,i well regulated
city waters iu duily shei-K. I'or
iliisly mines are known to be nioie
prime In e.\pl.>.-.i--tis tiliiII rinlidtli
Iv mines. The entrances in nil
abandoned working places, as well
;is abandoned working plnces. us
well ns abandoned inr \\a\s should
be licriiiciieitlly sealed with mits-
univ, and noi u uh lie* rickeiv
board stoppings which have characterized mining operations in the
louial the name oi tin- lamp
mesh nf the gauze is of 1H\ apertures  In   Ibe  square   illell,       The
breaking nf one  of these   fragile
divisions enlurgcs one or more of
the apertures, and it i.s no longer
,i •■s.'ifetr." Kvi'ii without aiiy
liivukng.• whatever, it is n scientific f.ut thnt iannus f<inus nf safety lamps become unsafe when the
velocity of air is greater than   lb*
__ ihmmm*m-iA*Ho*pt-k ol'
ekad Im—puliWlMl rtlHMlMLI &1
Arrive Fernie
213 West    10.00
214 East ..„  17.55
236„Local East     9.12
235 Local West    19.27
7 West Flyer  10.40
8 East Flyer 20.OS
Local  News
Change takes effect Sunday June 6.
NO. 252
7.50   .
Arrives Spokane 8.30 p.m.
Arrives Seattle 10.15 a.m.
No. 251
r   10.10
For Sale.—Small sized violin 'cello.
Apply J. W. Wright, Cox street, Annex.
Electric Fixtures, Depew, Macdonald
& McLean, phone 01.
Electric Fixtures, Depew, Macdonald
& McLean, phone 61.
If you are a particular smoker g6t
your smokes at Ingram's.
Beef, mutton, pork, veal, hams, bacon, lard, etc., only of the very, best.
Phone 41
For a good comfortable smoke get
Dorenbecker's brands. They are
home product.
Wanted: Nursing, over 20 years experience, apply to Mrs. J. Howbrook,
Fernie Annex, or box 336, Fernie.
Wanted: A good handy girl, who
can do cooking, etc, Apply C. C.
Found: A black pony. Owner can
have same by proving property and
paying expenses to date.' Apply at
Ledger office. ."it
Furnished boarding house for rent,
a snap, apply to Ross Brothers, P. O.
box 213.
Furnished and unfurnished room to
rent in modern house. Telephone, electric J'ght and bath. Apply B. S. care
Ledger. ,
tion and individual play, being successful in scoring 2 goals and putting in a storm of shots on Mathieeon
who handled the hot ones as if. he
liked them. The score stood two* all.
Hot tea or "coffee served at Ingram's Vith both teams feeling the effects of
pool room. , (the strenuous struggle and lack    of
For boys and girls sleighs try, the-'condition. • -*"*-."
Trites-Wood Co. j   The combination of u ■ the, visitors
Always ready:vham sandwiches and,"was handled more easily by-Kastner
coffee at Ingram's. ■ '    and Armstrong ' and   the"-individual
Furnished rooms, bath etc. Mrs. jplay of the home team was not as
Miller, North End Macpherson ave-, effective or as dangerous,., as, it had
nue. * ; 2tpjbeen earlier'   in the game, Meagher;
George Meikle was up from Michel ,the centre of the Fernie line-up
for. a few days this week on busin-1 however saved the day with a beaut-
ess..' :iful piece of head and stick work and,
'Wanted: Private board for miner Placed the puck in the Moyie goal.'
and little girl. Apply by letter to 999 j Armstrong cinched the game a mo-
Ledger office. --* . ;ment later by a long lift from joint
Just the. thing eurly in the morning, that ..struck the ice- just out .of
or late at night*, a hot lunch at Ing-',Grady's reach and bounced in." In the
1 Christmas Cakes
YdiL '"furnish the; Cook. We can
supply the goods to make it., Chocie
Raisins, Currants, Peels, Nuts Etc.
and Robin Hood Floiir.
Pay   Cash   and   Just   Smile
W. J.    BLUNDEtL      Give us au ea.il
♦♦♦♦♦♦«> ♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦^ ♦♦♦♦»s^» ♦
If. you want the best buy a McClary
Stove.' They don't cost any moreuat
the Trites-Wood Co.
Mrs.  G.  F.  Stevenson will
Wednesday and thereafter on the
seven     minutes left to play neither
team were able to' find the net.
^ Moyie  displayed  considerable  form
receive'111 combination work, doing some fine
rushes. Fernie had little or no com-
., ., .bination    but     beini?    the    he_v*pr
second Friday of each month.     i te       rnma .. v     ...":     neavler
warn came through with the individ-
Messrs. Cree & Moffatt have moved ,ual,rushes    at the, right time.    .All
into new premises In the Aiello block j the players     on both teams played
next door to the Waldorf hotel. ! hard and aggressive .hockey. Referee
Peter Carrara was   charged    this IChelan kept a   close lookout for off-
morning before Magistrate Alexander.™ and     allowed^but little
with having damaged his safety lamp     Th"e ]JnQ
In No. 5 mine at Coal Creek on Dec.
10th last, by driving Ills pick through
tho bottom of the same, He pleaded
guilty and was fined $10 and costs.
The Magistrate, in passing sentence,
stated that these accidents were altogether too frequent, unci that
his intention in any future cases
it was j Smith
t0 ' Baristo
up was:
inflict   "fin imprisonment sentence
stead of a fine.
Rover ■
—o -
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦_*• ♦♦♦♦♦<*> ♦♦.►♦♦♦•*•♦ ♦
Tho    Fernie hockey club   went  to
.Moyie on Thursday to play a return
:league match..,The Moyie boys were
i»i    ■    naiiaii   «iiiPioutto redeem their lost reputation
N   A   Ril   (iH   flAMr and t00k thls opportunity to put the
111   n   IIUUUII   UnlflU balance on the right side of the led-
-;  ger.'^Our boys ,were somewhat weak
ened by the lose   of Mathieson and
The Moyie Hockey team a  bunch of the  inability of Kastner to   accom-
sevon     lively   looking puck chasers pany the team, butn put up a   hard
from the    Lake City, crossed sticks clean     game,during the   first half
3tNpand ability with the Fernie,team on leading the Moyie bunch to the tune
jthe Fernie rink on New Year's night, of 2 to 1. This was.the score after 12
For Sale: Ten acres good land cov- Good ice and a fairly large crowd of 'minutes of the second "half had been
ered with tamarac and cedar, close in. rooters . greeted the' teams' as they played and Moyie was putting up" a
Apply Ledger office: lm lined up before Releree Con. Whelan hard, but not to clean a   fight   to
x  " (for their curtain lecture before   the overtake the-visitors lead.
Buy the Standard Sewing machine wu«tle Mew I   , ,..*.„*„
then* ii nothine to eauaVlt on the - In their efforts the puck hit 0. C-
there is nothingto 0equai  it on me    ^ ,   Worship(   Mayor   Herchmer) 'Wright) the Pernie Cover point in the
the donator of the Herchmer Cup, eye and ■ retired him. from the ice.
placed the rubber for the first face Tom Galvin replaced him and the
off and the boys started off at a fast fun started for Moyie. With the de-
clip, both teams being out for first fense weakened by the lost of Wright
blood. Fernie found the net twice in and with the aid of the referee the
the first half while their opponents. Lake boys piled up , the goals like
were. unable to put the puck behind hot cakes in ten minutes they scored
Mathison although thoy made a num- .11 goals making the score 12 to 2 in
ber of good attempts,
Are you ready to receive the power and light
from the new system? Now is the time to have
connections and wiring done. We can save you
money. We have all styles and makes of fixtures
motors and generators. See us at once. The
power will be on soon. Estimates and expert advice cheerfully given.
Depew, Macdonald & McLean Co.  \
■*> •
Electrical Contractors
Gfqws Nest Trading Co.
; General Merchants
_- - - , *» . •**. . 	
The   Store   of  Good Values
Agents—"Bell Pianos"
,   Sold on monthly'payments
Fernie, B.C. I
Victoria Ave.
Pre - Inventory
market today.     For sale at the Trites
Wood Company.
Furniture, pictures, window • shades
etc., a large and well selected stock,
get our prices.     Thc Trites-Wood Co.
For sale: A good nine-roomed house
nicely located. Lot ,60x129 fenced.
House all modern. . Will be sold on
reasonable terms as the owner is desirous of a change. Apply Box 990
Ledger., , *
In the second half, Moyie came to
Calgary, Alta., January 6th, 1910
To tho Mayor and Council of the City of Fernie.
Dear Sirs :    .   .
In accordance with your instructions I have to advifie that
I liave audited tho books.of tho City of Pernio for tho yoar 11109, and
enclose herewith'a ntuteinent of Assets and LiabilitieB as „at Deeembor
31st,. 1909. I have verified the cash in Mr. Boulton's possession at
Deeembor .Usfc,* and lind same correct. I havo oxamined tho vouch
ers covering all payments made during tho year aud find them in ordor.
Respectfully submitted,
•        . J. B. WatBon,
Chartered Accountant.
their favor
With about 4 minutes left to play,
Baristo wan carried off the ice after
with his face, the puck was stopped,
but it took five stitches to sew. up
the cut and yards of bandage to stop
tbeblood. ,:*'     .
The gome was called at this stage
on accouHt of the Fernie team not
having' mbre spare' men.
Standing of the League:— ,
Won', Lost,To Ploy
Coleman 1 0 5
Pernie *   1 1 4
Moyie 1 .        2 3
Commencing Jan. 12
Wed. & Thurs.
Return of the old Favorites
San   Francisco
Opera Co.
Latest Styles in
Ladies' Coats
Ladies' f 15.00 Coats
" 20.00     "
:  "„'.'. ' 25.00-'  " :.'.':
.Now, $12 ;|
This Season's High
Class Furs        *
Ladies'  $lti. Fur Ruffs 'Now $8.00
. a
"    12.00
Direction of Frank W. Healy, preaentinff   ".-•*-.-,■
Wednesday,' The Metropolitan Success
Thursday, That Riot of Fun and Lapghter^
.With Teddy Webb and a full cast and production
| Ujp-to-date Men's
I Overcoats—
Men's $15.00 Overcoats   Now $12
20.00 " 0 "'      16
25;00 ." -"        20
A Great Many Other-Lines at
Big   Reductions
C. 1$. of C. Oonoral,
0. Ti. of C. SavingH Acct. Debenture,
Roal Estate Acct.,
Polico Forco Equipment,
Kiro Equipment,
Fur. and Fix. Firo Hall,
NiiiHance Ground,
SoworaRO Systom,
Unpaid Taxon, 1005,
Unpaid Taxon, 1006,   *
Unpaid Taxon, 1007,
City Hall and Jail Building
Motor Account
Hoi'hoh aud Wii«onn,
Sidowalkn, .1008,
Unpaid Taxon, 11108,
Olllce Kurnituro,
City Hall and Jail FixturoH,
Accountn Jloccivalj)i.>, 1000,
LtwiD ImprovomontH, 10011,
Waterworkfl Plant,
Htri'iit Hprinklur,
(Win Jack-son) Acot. 1-Uh*.
• 0(10,00
Ciow'h Ncnt PuhhCoiiI Co. Acct. Hoc.
CuhIi ou Iliuul.
Hflinnl  lillildillKH,
Kin> Hull Hnildinn,
Uiwxpivi'd Inmiranco
EiiKini'-VM limtriiiiii-nt-H,
Unpaid Taxcn, 100!)
"(KM). «0
I'ultlin Park
Klodtrin LiuUt J'lant,
A Happy   & Prosperous
New Year to You & Yours
Trites-Wood Company
To The Electors
»i"."i i ■
Hilln Pnyulilo,
DiilnMiture Account
HinkiiiK Fund, 1005. 100(1 I).u>.
Hnviiiiii! Account
Af'-oun-'i PiiynliJ",
■HuliiticH Payable at Dec, .'*»1,(>0,
Cily of I'Y-i ni-* - Surjilnw <iv«-r AK««t«.
T tlio close of another year wc take this opportunity
of thanking our cuRtomors and friends for thoir continu-
pjj cd patronage Tho year's business lias been the biggest
in onr history, all departments having broken all previous
records and made tlie above result possible Our constant
endeavor has been to supply tho highest quality of merchandise at
the lowest possible cost. We purehaso i'or cash from tho manufacturers, and ns we have no bad debts or the heavy exponsos of a
credit businoss aro ablo to placo within your reach tho bost quality
of goods, for tho least amount of money. Owing to tho steady
of our business we have already outgrown thc building erected
last year and are now planning for nn extension and addition to
enable us to more satisfactorily cater to your future requirements.
Oiir UllfjUiiHOI ft -i'i . <lj^uii<   itiaiir* nn   [licit   pi»u oiiiigC  «UUi  i)\tV.Y  will'
assurance that thoy havo received in exchange tho biggest ami
best values in British Columbia. To the many who we have not
had the opportunity of serving, wo look forward to so doing during
tlio coming your, and in conclusion would say liml their loss has
been very considerably moro than our gain would liavo been.
Kospootfully yours,
The Crowfs Nest Trading Co*
Concrete Fence Posts
7 foot long;      - -      70c oach
. ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«•»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
315,218.1!)    .15,218.1(1;
Ik'Hpt .tfully Milimitti-d, j
.1. H. Watson, (Jlmrton-d Ar-ermntant. *
McBean & Waggett
Wishing our many Customers
and   Friends   A   Happy   and g
Prosperous New Year and de*
siring  a continuance of your
esteemed favors* we are
Yours very truly,
Advertise in the District Ledger
:" '\1
" ._


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