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The District Ledger Oct 2, 1909

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 !>'
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rpf'oviu'ciwl Librayy Juue ?0 $»
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Industrial Unity is Strength
VOI* V.   No. 9
Tne- O-BScial Organ off District Ho. 18, U. PI. W. off A.
Political Unity is Victory
FERNIE,   B. C,   October   2nd,   1909
$1.00 a Y
DRAWN: GUNS
COME INTO
Local News
Police Officers Shoot Into
Crowd of Miners-
Hurt Three
*
^GLACE BAY, C. B., Oct. 1— Three
men struck by bullets tills afternoon
fired from revolvers in the hands of
coal company police, none of the, men
being seriously hurt, Is. tlie result of
- a fracas. ,
The row. started over some men, who
were stealing coal from one of the little piles which have been, opened by
the strikers since the laboivtroubles.
A little to the eastward of the mine
is the shore and along, the cliffs facing
the sea appear small'1 seams of coal.
■ These are of little economic value and
they never have been worked:
1 The   land' is Included in the   coal
* Company^ leases and of the officers of
the company have forbidden the digging of coal from these seams;     This
afternoon-it was'discovered that two
of the boys were taking coal from the
- cliffs arid' thereupon Norman Mackenzie, accompanied by four other., policemen of, the coal company, proceeded to
, tlie cliff to arrest the amateur diggers.
They ordered ,"°the crowd to disperse,
"but  the  orders  were  not    promptly
-obeyed..   The 'police drew their revolvers .and  fired, first in  the air,  and
^then into the crowd'.
*'   One man, John. Butt, had his ear shot
- off while! others were hit in various
portions ofthe body.     The wounded
'■-men were arrested ancl placed in J&ll
on the charge" of unlawful, assembly.
 IVa rrahts were issued' for the arrest of
Dr. Anderson, M.H.O., has resigned;
Philip Carosella returned-' from th<3
Coast this week.
Smart-Boy Wanted for office, work.
Apply to Elk Lumber Co.     ' '   -
i   If you are a particular smoker get
your smokes at Ingram's. .
Wanted:* Millinery Apprentices. The
Misses Euler.   , ' -    '
The Napanee will start building operations on Moriday, _
Bob Moore, the5 Irish bard from Michel was ln town ori Thursday,
i   Looking for grouse does not,appear
to agree with some people. Eh Jep? ,
Robert Adlam has been appointed as
caretaker for the new school house.
•Millinery opening Friday, and Saturday of next week. The Misses Euler. ■
We are informed.that electric light
and power will be .here in about   a
month. '
Don't forget to ask for Michel beer
—the best beer made.
- For wiring, electrical fixtures, dynamos, generators and motors", see Depew," Macdonald & McLean.    n
If you want the best—call for Elk
Valley beer.
Borri: On Thursday'Nov. 20, to Mr.
and Mrs. Hicks', a son, weighing 121-2
pounds. '  '   ■
F. Adolph, tlie popular lumber man
of Baynes Lake was in the city yesterday on his return from the prairie,
where■• he has been purchasing some1
horses. ' He . reports things booming
at Baynes.    '
- .We- regret to report tho death of
little Ralph; the 3 year old son of Mr.
and Mrs: E. Peterson of Dalton aye**
nue. The little lad succumbed to typhoid at 6 o'clock this morning, -and
passed away to the great beyond. We
extend our sympathies to the parents
in their sad bereavement.
Local News
STRUGGLE
The Now Famous Labor Leader Addresses-"a
Large Crowd in Miners' Opera House--'
'   •   ' ,; Capital is Handed Usual Body
Blows-Fluent Speaker
A. general meeting of the Board of
Trade will be held on Monday evening
at. S p.m.
Excavation for the new Royal Hotel
has been started at the corner of Cox
and Baker streets.
, Work has commenced oh Hotel Fernie again. There was a short delay on
account of material, which has now arrived.    ]
Don't forget that Monday is the
last day you can get on the Voters
list. Attend to it for bo tli municipal
and provincial.
•Mr. and Mrs. G. (!. .Moffatt returned
to the city yesterday morning on the
regular train. The Lodger extends
congratulations.
A Mounted Police officer was "up
here on Wednesday to get some fellow
the local police had nabbed and who
was wanted in Alberta.
GIRLS SAVE A
TOWN FROM
:th'e men "..who used the revolvers. The
policemen,1 say .that- the crowd, used
stones and  rocks before' they fired.
,' The-nieh .of the crowd denythis and
say that not, a stone was thrown until
' tlie shots were, fired.
Seven men were attended for bullet,
wounds.,    ■"
Sir- Thomas  Shaughnessy,  Messrs.
Osler,-Nant6nr-Angus74latthews^-_an"d
A large meeting was held in the
Miners . ne*\y, opera house on Sunday
afternoon last under the auspices of
the Gladstone Local. The meeting
was at 2.30 p.m., the principal speaker
being W. D. Haywood, who spoke upon
the Class Struggle in the West,' and
the Great Trial at,Boise, Idaho"; and
the formation of the Western Federation of Miners. The meeting was
largely attended,-*a large, number of
Coal Creek people being present. ,,.
Clem Stubbs, vice:president of District No. 18 took the chair and support:
ing him on the platform were Messrs.
A. J. Carter, District Secretary, *T. E.
James, International organizer, W.
Evans, Coal Creek.
Tlie meeting opened with song 20
from the Socialist tune book, named
Toilers Arise.' The chairman in his
opening remarks,said that,while Comrade Haywood had been travelling all
through District IS,he had been recorded everywhere a hearty reception,
which.had been given because he.represented the cause of the Workers in
addition to his own trials. lie had
_no doubt that a number of his.hearers
had admitted that it. was their fell
purpose to hang us by tlie necks' until
we were dead, and not because we
had committed any crime, but because
we endeavored to improve the conditions of the miners employed in the occupation of mining, and, it. was "because we were successful that, the
mine operators had us arrested, and
were going to get us put to death
without, even a. trial, and this had
culminated in the Class Struggle of
the West.
."This struggle is not only in the
west. "It is,in the north, east and
south, and'is world wide, this struggle between the exploiters and the exploited, and it will continue just so
long as one- man fattens on the sweat
of another man's labor. In looking
over the audience I see the faces of
men from many countries. I see the
Slavonians, the Russians, Italians and
others, all forced' to leave their countries because- of the ' conditions ' existing there', and camo to what they
thought was a free count ry,-, and "we
can see these men leaving their hum*
ble homes with a small roll of cloth
Telephone Girls' Bravery
Was  of the  Hair
""""'. Raising Kind
"*3
PAINSVILLE, Ohio, Sept.' 30— The,,
bravery ofr.lwo telephone girls, Hazel
Christian and Alice Warren, sleeping
in the telephone exchange nt Perry, a
village near'here saved that town
from possible destruction by fire early
today.
Fire broke out in the stove beneath
SUICIDED WHILE DESPONDENT
PETRERBORO, Oct, 1— Wesley Douglas, 24 years of age, residing in a lonely part of tho country near Wcstwood,
chased his mother and brothers out of
lho house yesterday and then shot
himself dead. Ho had boon ".in ill-
health for, some time and was moody
and mororso. .
Tho engagement of the San Francisco
Opera company at tho Empress   the-
atro; Vancouver,; B.,*C, hns given P.
W. Healp nn excellent opportunity to
ro-orgnnl/.o his company and build, now
and beautiful scenery.    Kncli and ev*
ory production shown at. tho Empress
thoatro has i>co,p built In such a manner that it can bo Bhown In any 1 heal ro or hall In woBlorn Canada.   Tho
day Pavlstcnno, The Gliolsn, Tha Runaway Girl, and tho now scenery   and
effects' for Tho Toymnkcr and, Fnn*
limn rofloet groat, credit upon scenic
artist Ernost Qlovor aiid Frank Coates
master mechanic of tho Empress thoatro Htnff.    Aftor tliolr engagement nt
lho EmprosH thoatro tho company gooH
on-tour nritl It Ih tbo intention of Mr,
Healy to again visit, our city nt tho For
nlo oporn houso'Oct, IU. ■
A REFUTATION
Sw'itzer and Wm. Whyte of ;the C. P,
R. spent a couple of hours here on Sunday. Mayor Herchmer, the aldermen,
President Pollock and Sec. Stevenson
of the Board of Trade,'President Ellas
Rogers and General' Man'. Hurd 'of the
Coal Co., met/them .and showed them
around. They we're agreeably " surprised at Progressive Fornio.
A special train will be run over the
Great. Northern Railway from Fornie
to' Baynes on October 17th. Faro for
round trip $1.75. „%
.. The coming of Gorton's Minstrels to
the Fernio Opera House Octobor 0 Insures to its patrons a fino entertainment with some of tho best special attractions ever soon on Iho minstrel'
stage. Tho program has boen , arranged to' meet the' npprovnl of nil
who appreciate n bright breezy, performance with somothing worth whilo
doing all tho time. Tho singers, tho
comedians aiid expert ..-specialists en*
gagod with this company.are loaders
In tliolr varjous linos and tho h'sfl. that
can ho procured. Don't miss the flno
stroot purinio nnd concert at 11.101   ■
by ".this time sympathized with the
cause for.which they worked, but if
Mr.'Haywood ever came through Fernie again,' I think that probably a
lai-ger number of thc-citizens of Fernie
would' be interested' in the same
movement that Hay woody is interested
in at. the present time. * We aro
beginning to realize*thai the old stories that have'been told to us by our
capitalist friends, those who aro our
masters, and also by thos J who are
supposed to,represent us in the logis-.
laturo, aro'false,     hoy are trying to
dows and orphans, who had lost, their
husbands and fathers .In that' terrible
explosion. They had a banquet, and
at that banquet no less than 360 quarts
of champagne  were ■ drunk.    I 'think
that  had   they   stopped   to-consider
what, that  meant,   they   would  have*
found that every drop of champagne
was a drop of human blood.     I have
been travelling in your district,   and
have visited nearly every camp under
the auspices of  the  officers  of this
District and I want lo publicly extend
my thanks to  them for helping    to
make my work what, it should be and
what I have intended it to be.. Nee-
cessarily in going through'the camps
I have come in close touch with the
miners,.' and   the   conditions      under
which  they  work,  under  agreements
that bind  you  in - fetters, but which
they, can break when they please, and
I  state emphatically  that  if precaut-.
ions be not, taken that in Michel there
.will be a duplicate of. the great disaster that occurred in Fernie,  T say
this publicly so^that  the officers or
the Crow's Nost Pass Coal Company
might know that the' men ktiow the
Mrs. T. II. Whelan left this morning I the exchange.   The girls were alone.
but stuck to their post and telephoned
the sleeping citizens and called tho
Painsville    and  Madison  fire depart;
Ing, "their little belongings on* their
backs, wending their way to the wharf
to take steamer fov America or Canada,-and we can nee them after their
journey" entering* New'.York harbor
where tho statute of liberty stands,
and tho Stars jind Stripes are,floating
in the breeze; they believe that"they
havo at last reached a haven of**i;e-
fuge.a place where men can bo free,
When they land, at'Ellis'Island there
are none,to greet Ihein, except those
who act in the capacity of interpreters and who go through tlieir small
blind'us to our renl Interests, lyit wo belongings with no gentle hand. We
are at last awakening (o Ihe fact tlintitUon.find thom turned ovor to lho om-
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ +>
DON'T GO TO NOVA SCOTIA   4
Wo doslro to rofuto llio Htntomont
of "ForolRiior" In tlio Frank 1'npor Ihnll
wo mndo an ntinek on tho foreign
MionkliiK pooplo. Wo did attack John
llulkn, nntl IiIh nctloiiH provo Unit wo
woro right and lio deserved It. Wo
npoioglzod for lho members who lind
Joined IiIh union on lho ground of bolng deceived by him. Wo respect and
oHlonni tlm ItnllniiH and HlnvoiiliniH loo
much'to tyiHt any slur on tlimn. Tho
wrltor of tlio lollor Ih very much mlH-
tuhun whon ho thinks othorwlHo,
Agents of tho Dominion Coal
Co. of Cnpo Breton N. S., nre
at work trying lo Induce minors of WIlkOHbarro and othor
anthracite mlno towns lo go
thoro and scab, District and ■
loonl officers should exert
IhoniHolvcH ■to"provonl. -thorn
from securing nny men for
such purpose.
A Btrlko hnB boon on In Nova Scot In nml nt Uioho inlncH
Klnco July 0 Willi ovory prospect of ■winning.
Don't go (horo nml try to do-
foal your brollioni who nro
fighting for Uio right lo orgnn*
l/o nnd holler comlltloiiH of
omploymont.
Htuy nwny, Duo not Ico will
lm glvon« In Uioho coIuiiiiih
wluiii Uio strike Ih won. Ub*
ur import!, please copy.
♦
RE8IDENCE OP MR.  P.  V. WHELAN
thoso men nro playing Into tho hands
of.the capitalists, and aro traitors to
our camp. >Labor Is robbed of everything It produces except of sufficient
to allow them to continue their occupation,
I Ho had pleasure-in Introducing T. 13.
Jnmeis. ' . "
T. lii. James said It was rathor a
surprise to him on nrrlval at Ferule
to be requested lo speak,    Tho people
woro not llioro to hour him nnd ho had
no story to toll (hem llko liny wood.
If the people allowed thoir minds to
run bnck lo tho period of which ho
spoko he thought they would soo nil
things In n now light. Ho appealed to
his  lionrorB  to  romombor  that tho
hiiiiio things that, wero applicable ln
the country of tho Westoru Federation of Miners woro applicable hero
In Canada.     Lot  ub go bnck   nbout
throo weeks ngo to Nova Scotia hi
which place Uic minors are struggling
to mnlntnln tliolr rlghlH.    About thnt
tlmo   one   of   (ho   humble    minors
In Nova Scotia" was dragged from his
hod, by tho bUIo of IiIh wlfo, nnd Htnb*
bod nml probed with bnyonntH. and
hiH wlfo loft, lo tlio morcloH of four
dnmiuiblo brntcH.
Ilo h'opod  that nil  present would j
follow (lie romnrks of tho sponkor of
tho dny. und ho wiih Hiiro Hint when
thoy loft tlio hnll thoy would bo glnd
tlioy hnd attended.
Ho wiih Htiro that noino of tlio cup-
HnllHt opponents would Htylo the monl*
lug a political mooting. Wo nro horo
for n purpoHo und Uio sumo inutisngo
thnt Comrndo Haywood will present
to ynu contains my vIowh oii tin) mat*
tor.
Mr. \V. I). Hnywood wnn then Intro*,
i.,  . i   i     ii,,*.  nyiiic..*-,.-.-*.  \w Hintrmfln
fltuMiR nnd wnn accorded a honrty re*
ceptlon. Ilo said: Mr. Chiilrmnn, Lnd*
Ioh nnd GoiHlomon, ComrndoB     nnd
Follow WorkorB: It Ih n great privilege
for mo to havo tlio honor, of mnklnrc
Hi/i (fiitlnl oneriph In the new hnll of
Ucnl GladBtono, ami I trust Hint no
remark!* of mlno will mtir tho  lm*
porlnnco of thla mooting,    TIiIh Ib tlio
second occasion of my speaking to lho
clllzons of Fernio, nnd to Uioho of my
henrorfl who did not hon'r mo on Lnbor Dny, I f«*'-l »t Ih my duty to thank
tho laboring claws for what thoy hnve
done for my now departed cnmrudii,
0. A. Pctibono, nnd Moyer, Adams nnd
tnywlf.
Mo owed to thom lilo Hfo and hia
liberty, otherwise they would bo nil
Bleeping In a iwd of quicklime within
the wnlltt of lho -*.ti.u> puitllxulUiy uC
Idaho. Ono of the Federal governor*.
ploymont offices.
Wo find them shipped to the coal
mines, sleol works, nml travelling, at'
lust roach Fernie, hut'still  find  ihe
clnsB struggle In Fernie, Just as deeply rooted ns in lho country which they
loft,   nw]   we   ni'O   reminded   that   it
wns (M.Jy a fow yours* ago that tho
disastrous explosion  took plnco, tho
direct, result in nil probability of   (ho
nogllgonco of thnt  Compnny, nnd  It
wns, lho Western Federation of Mln-
era,'the orgnnlnnllon Unit represented
you (hon, Unit  took up tho case on
bolinlf of tlio widows and orphniiR of
tho men. *
.This wns n pnrt of lho cIuhh struggle. The WoHlorn Federation of .Minora hoiiI tho best nltorney Unit It wns
nblo lo Hocuro In Citundn or tho United States, nnd went. In law In order
to Hoo.uro fonipeiiHiiUon for the widows und orplinns, nnd behold some
I lino following wo find tho officers of
the Crow's NoHt PdHit Conl Compnny
celebrating their victory over the wt-
Are You
On
?
Tlio Isint dny on which
you cnn register so as to
enable you to cast your
ballot at tho forthcoming
provincial eleeliun is
October 4th
Register
Register
condition~of~U7e"mines. . TF.-XIiclTel~T
saw conditions in an awful state. Why
even' Pennsylvania puts it to disgrace.
People are Inhabiting hovels I hat are,
not< tit; for. pies-to liru«.:ii*u-' *.-.Tl<is ^ is
entirely.-due to,-,the class struggle.
Tho operators who are running these
mines regard the men that arc employed like so many'cattle belonging
to thom but. have not got their brand
on them.     " '    . ■
From Michel I went to Lethbridge
and in the mines there 1 found Japs,
lt will not be long beforo the white
men nre forced to a level, with the
Orientals and a rice diet with the
Japs and Chinamen. .    v
In Cjinni'orc and Uankheiid all outside labor employed Is.Orlentnl, either
Chinamen  or Japs,  nnd  your  agreements nro such that you are not ablo
to keep thom out of the union, or lo
alter Iheir wages. Your Compensation
Acts do not, extend lo (horn.     I   had of recovery
hoped this aftornoon io iienr sonio one
of  your   (•Itl/.niiH,   11   lawyer   porlinps,
sny Bomoihhig with  regard  to     thc
Compensation  Act.     Tho Componsn-
lion act  does not componsiito.     For
liiHtnner- llioro Is one Louis Krone In
Cunmoro who wiih working thoro, nnd
wan (old to go nnd stiirl up   pumps.
Tho mlno wns not oxuinliu'd bill Kro*
no wenl In wllh n nuked light nnd wns
horribly burned  by  gas,      IUh iioho
was nonrly burned off Ills face, Uio
drum of IiIb onr gono anil ours burned
off, und  other Injuries,*
On applying to the coinpiiny   for
coinpoiiHntloii   ho   was   lold   Unit   lie
could go buck lo work or If ho did not
j Ulio  to do llnu. ho could  sue     th"
I Coinpiiny.
Continuing, ho mild: lu HiihhIii, you
will remember the Itlondy Sundny, It
will not ho forgotten by Uioho who
live nml It, will go down In history iih
one of tlm inoHt diistnrdly crimes on
record. Thai wiih ii purl of lho cIuhh
Htruggle, from which the UuhhIuiih nud
Finns nre eiiil-'iivorliig to gel nwny und
for Unit reason Uiey Imve rnmo to
AiiH'tleii and Cnniid.'i. Wc nlso hc«'
the Sweden In UiIh Htruggle, In their
Fiitherlund Uier" nr" 'J.Ml,o«i» iii«'iuli"i*H
nf organl/ed lnbor h«dlen ou strike,
sulking MguliiHl their musters to en*
inbllsh, not an Inerenso In wngi-s or
a reduction nf lionrH. but to "HtnlillHli
the right lo organize, und who nre
now on tlio verge of Hlurvutloii und
I 11        t,     ..       4, 1,1.1.1 t,V(**-1ll      1,\l\      „"\
iv i..t ......... i,     .-     '•
tn- '
Again  we find In  revolt  the  Hindoos—tho ono whom you call tho Hug
Hond.     We find Hint tin* Hindoo U
revolting nRiiliiHt   tlio government ne*
....i, ,t   i../.,n  liv  the  Tlrltl«b  nud   the
King of England und tlie Kmpeior of
Ihe Indies.    Wo find ft man, n Hindoo
who hnd been brought into tho Kng-
Unh court, htundlnit and looking tho
Judge In the eye nnd Rnylnis:  "Vou
hnve uo rigid 10 bring me here ut try
inc.      It   Is «  jHilitinil cilme.      You,
Mr. Knullshnmn. hav" killed In    ten
yenrH  fifty  inlltioiiH  of   my  broiliers.
nml you have inki-n from us one hun-
j.lri.l million a >'■:*." i" revenue, Thi*
in  n  clnnn Him^-le.  Dw tttruKKl**  of
iln- Hindoo ngnlnst lh" HiIUhIi.
I    Again In Turkey we find them r«*
V (Continued on pnge :n
for Spokane, Mrs. -Whelan is accompanying the two sons of Joseph Whelan and the Colton boy who are returning to Wallace, Idaho.
AU the papers are speaking very
highly of the San Francisco Opera Co.
which plays here on the 13tlv. They are
old favorites with Fernie and should
liave,,full house audiences.
■vy. A, Ross and V. Kistler of,Seattle
two of the Great  Northern'   leading
lights were in the city the early part
of the week,.and with the popular local   agent ".Mr.   Blackstone,   paid   the
Ledger a visit.     Mr. Ross, who is'an
old time,printer, was much .surprised
at the size of four plant and congratulated us on our paper.
■ Gorton's Big Minstrels^ will b--,,.*..'''l. i
at Fernie Opera House October C. TVj
management of this favorite coiiir-*-*11,
promises everything new this season,,
There will be -big novelty    fealuiv-,
great, dancing specialties, sweet singing etc., all of a first class character.
Amongst, thc  best, specialities is the
dancing of^Welby  and   Bloom,  Their
sketch which is _'said to b'e one of the.
ments. ,
■ While    talking   with the Painsville
fire chief the flames burned the wires
and' the girls in their night clothing,"
stumbled down the stairs through the
smoke to the street.
Two stores, a livery stable and residence were burned before aid from
other towns -arrived.
The Free Press started on their ten
storey sky scraper today.
strongest of ,its kind, portraying the
quaint, humor and amusing peculiarities of tho southern darkey, displays to
the best .advantage their well known
ability lh clmracter-work. -   ■
TOUCHED THE
BANK WITH
EASE
Growd-Stand-Arou nd-and.
Watch Operation in
* Daylight
-   official notice-
To the officers and members of Local
Unions District No.  IS U. M. W.
pf A.
' Greeting:   Enclosed  herewith,    you
will please find a copy ot n communication received by your district, secretary from local 2314, Fernie:
Wo, your district officials, desire
to say Unit wo have mndo a thorough
Investigation ln(o (he circumstances of
F. II. Sherman und find that'he Is in
a critical condition,     At the present
lime he Ih In the Fernio hospital and
tho doctors glvo him very little hope were  compelled  to  throw
CLL:;'YvOOU SPRINGS, Col. ScpU 30'   ,
--Two armed posses are scouring   the
mountains in the vicinity of ibis cltyr,
in tlio hope of capturing two bandits  *
who* yesterday afternoon robbofy-i'the
Citizens  National  Bank of Glenwood
Springs of $0000. ,.
The robbery was the most spectacular ever known in the wost. It, took
place' in broad daylight, while the
street In. front* of the Utile bank was
thronged'with summer resort ers. Tho
n-jlibers elbowed their wny through"
the crowds and entered the'hank. F.
A. l*iin*h, Hie'accounting toller, wiih
ut Hie window. The robbers wore no
niiiHkK.    Unroll  and   Ills  bookkeepers
up   lliclr
With this end In view-
It Ib expedient that somo, assistance
should bo forthcoming Ihnt will enable
him to got. (he advice and assistance
of somo spoclnllst. Aftor considering
tho npponl o( Fornio local we nre confident Hint Iho lncnls will not let this
nppenl go by.
We would suggest thai each local
should Hike up nnd consider seriously
I lie huHl ways nnd .means whereby a
HiihHtuntlul subscription mny be rnlsed
to give Uiu necessary assistance to Kx-
ProHldein. Shenniin'H deserving cuuso.
Incidentally ii mny he Muled (lint
financially, llro. Sherman la In very
poor elreiimstiijiccH, It Is <|iilto true
tlmt lie hns a.form on'the prnlrl" bin
nt UiIh I line ii Is not u revenue producing one, being only In Uic developing Hinge, nnd lie hns n wife and seven
children, one of whom Ih totally blind
that*need support.
Trusting tliut yon will give UiIh your
enrlloHt and couslderiite attention, We
are yourn fruioruully, with best
wIhIioh, 4
W. Powell
Pn-Hldeiii UNI. IS,
Clem  Stubbs
Vleii-I'l'i'hldelll
A. J, Cnrter
Hecreiury'TrcuH.
hnudfi and*as they did so one of the
men emptied (he colli ent s of the snfi!
Inlo ii snd- iind the two mnde lliolr
way out of u rear door, mounted horsen
and galloped for the inountnlns. During I lie light one of the horses was
shot down but (he men conllmteil Ihe
flighi on ihe one remaining nnimni.
Lain uxluy ii iiii»ii Hiving the nnmo of
James Brown was nrrcKtcd hero on a
charge of complicity In the robbory.
AlloUl<T   HllHpeet    IlIlK   1)0UII   IlITOHtl'd
who refuses to give his name or to tnlk
ut all.
A pnriIon nf Uio amount stolen was
found lodny ou u trail lending down u
Hliurp precipice,
THE BEST EVER
"In Wyoming" was wimesseil by a
large crowd nt the Fernie opera house
nu Wednesday night. Tie- piny wiih
the best ever put on ut UiIh limine and
any one who mlnsed It missed a genuine treiil, r.veiylhllig In coiiiieellnu
with the proilueiiiiii xxnn uh nnturnl iih
ihough yon were In Wyoming In ear*
lieHl.       It   Ik il  plellHIII'e to reeoillllleiul
a play of UiIh nt amp hh we know wo
me doing Jiih'l<e, The cniujiniiy pro
mine ii return date und we ran ukhiii*"
tin-in <>f it f'dl hom-e
'.-J
•fl
HEMDfcWCt OF GEO. CO DY ON VICTORIA AVENUE PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNiS, . B. C.  OCTOBER 2 1909»
THE POOR MAN'S ENEMY
(Industrial Index)-
- Much discussion has been given to
the question, shall labor enter politics
or not?
,. The answer is that labor is already
in politics, always has been and always will be either for good or ill.
A labor party, or the formal indorse-
, ment by labor of certain candidates
who have been put up by other parties, may be wise or otherwise. That
does not affect the fact that labor—
the hard working, well meaning people of the country—hold the balance
of power, In truth, they are the power compared with which other social forces of the present day are extremely weak.
If labor should make use of this
power, even as an organized body of
citizens, honesty and efficiency tlftn
would he the platform of every man
'who seeks public office. In, this
state of affairs existed the so called
large problems of political life would
. take care .pf themselves.' What -is
right and what is best would come
about naturally.        '
Good government, like charity, begins at home. The election of presidents and- United States senators is
of far loss importance as a practical,
everyday question than the choosing
of the right kind of men to fill our
city and county offices. The reform
would work upward.
Towns and cities are taxed to the
limit to support extravagance . and
graft, and in the, end the man who
works with his hands pays the tax.
One of the greatest enemies, of the
poor man today is the political machine. All large evils are biit combinations or outgrowths of small evils.
The power that thwarts the will of
the people in national legislation lias
its roots in local politics.
The machine is distinct from legitimate party organization, although it
is often confused with it in the minds
of the people who are not familiar
with the game of politics.^ It is 6the
proper function of a party to.nominate
men fotc office with a fair field and
no favoritism, respecting the right of
 ^V8r=y=aspir3ut*: to='givo=promiuoucs~to--
the merits of its candidates and policies during the campaign „and to get
out its votes on election day. The machine assumes thc right to dictate
who shall be nominated and cries:—
"Hands off!" to ,the party at large.
Its selections; are made not on tlie
score of fitness or honesty, but with
a view to the spoils and the perpetuation ii.of its powor. Greedy for the
former, it licenses vice, creates useless offices aud sells the right to disobey the law or holds up the public
on privileges to which they are entitled undor tho law.
Every railroad lobby, evory corporate abuse, evory privilege accorded to
tho rich at the expense of the poor,
has Its beginning in the local political
machine. Tho small politician delivers the goods, for a consideration,—*
eithor of money or ol spoils—to the
big politician, and he takes care of
the Interests,
It is the record of the machine that
it, opposes lnbor legislation, opposes
tho' extension of'poular education and
balks public enterprises in whicli It is
not allowed a graft, True, It seems
(o favor reforms ,ai times, oven to
load them, but, this Is merely putting
, on a fair face before public sentiment. It permits the pnssuge of wood
luws In ordor thnt ll mny piny favor*
ltos. Honest officials find I'leui-
hoIvch checkmated hy UiIh hIIoiiI Influence in lliolr attempt to do their (Inly.
Kh power loosens tlie gi'nnp of l',o policeman, it nd blinds the eyes of tho
judgo, Tho ninchino Is reactiomtry,
destructive and uiipntrintle above all
UllllgH.
Tons of thousands of honest, working men support the machine through
pnrty foully, not making the dlsilucl*
Ion between II nnd legitimate parly organization, They fall to perform tlio
duties of good citizenship in using Dw
power they have lo ninke good nomination--- nml In voting again*! .-ill the
had oneH.
HlgiiH nie not lucking dial the people at large' are getting rendy for revolt ngiiliiKt ,(lie slavery of ihe machine,
Wage enineih ure Inking a greater
illleichl  In (In* I'Olill'Ill III' llii'lr plillles,
iiiiil the iiumliiT of Independent vm-Tn]
lire on I lie liill'i line. Willi I lie fall!
elections liel'me us (lliu l'< ll twin] (hue;
to gin- more enriie^i heed in the nml*|
ler.     Am :i geiieial propositi ion n vote,
•urnJt)Ht it mnrhiiie ininlliliite Is a .m;iIV'
voii'. j
TRADE  UNIONISTS  SEE  NEED  0F,!
THE SOCIALIST  MOVEMENT
The tcsiile tinlnnNt*-, Mu-'iii'.'lioiM lliei
country are slowly but muHy uwul-en-j
lug to (he tnci that  existing wrongs,
r.UlliOt be Ii-lili-di.'ii I.) .'ill e((ii.(/|:iii- UT-
itmilziiilon alone, Inn (hut the iiue
Koliilliin  uf  the  Injunction    queHUnu,!
—posing as th*-"- friends of the laboring
people!
, And then awakening as usual, after
the strike has been lost, and after
quite a,few of their number are the
occupants of jails, bullpens, hospitals
and morgues, to the simple fact that
the Republican nnd Democratic parties and their political henchmen are
not the'friends of labor, but are owned
and controlled and operated, like the
capitalist operates his mine, mill or
factory, for the sole promotion of tho
private interests of a few individuals
who own the greater part of "the land
of the free and the home of the
brave."
Let us see how this political,power
which we so magnanimously vote into
the hands of the capitalist class is
used. A strike is called to remedy a
grievous wrong or perchance to resist
a reduction in wages.
The men all respond, the ranks are
firm, men enthusiastic, everything
favorable, corporation losing money—
and. then, what?
Why, then a call is sent, to tho governor for troops, or to the chief of
police for a few extra brain awaken-
ers, to protect the strike breake'-s,, at
work.       ' -
After this procedure it is the*established custom for the masters to npply
to some, temple of justice for an injunction, depriving the strikers of all
constitutional rights, And here let
me ask, Does, the court, as a rule,
ever inquire*. into the merits of (ho
workers grievances, the cause cf the
strike? Is the matter investigated?
Not much!
These capitalist judges, elected on
the platforms of the old mossback,
moth eaten, , subsidized Republican
and Democratic parties, are as true to
their class and the sanctity of property rights as the workers have been
false to their class and the Socialist
party, the political expression of their
social needs.        .     •*■-
Experience, it is said, is the best
teacher, and let us hope that the experience of the trade unionist has" not
been in vain, I believe I can- speak
for the craft to which I belong when
it.'_l liof Hin—lrtc..-—t\f_ 111,
.4 J  1,44.*.^— *. .11. 4V4WS — \jL— (.14*
at-nlt.
Oil IIT
bull jit-tit nnd Dw deportation nm!]
mimler of Milking, unionists, along!
with the .M|iiiiii"lenn exploitation ofj
the eittlie working cli.su, Ih to ln>|
found expreKH-'il in no uncertain terms;
in the Socialist propaganda—I.e.. thej
-.liinliivlor. of (In- •au-.e, produ**((on |
for private gain, the enrichment of thej
f.||.* (■"«• wf'.i omii the jnlm and with'
thejii ll.e lit.en nnd hiipplncHB of Uio'
"tolling millions. j
The 1(/hk of i.e.iily ctery gnat strike,
tliut has taken place during the   Insl!
decade has been  caused  chiefly,    Ifj
not entirely. l»y Dw wot ken- voting
iU tlukeU nt uiplUU.-m and "IwDnr.
titHiitich mipportont of prlvnte intercuts
and legalized robbery to public office,
wim-*** of them—ah, the mockery of It
in Colorado under "a Republican governor has made thousands of Socialists
in every mining district, of the country.
In the State of Alabama, Governor
Comer, a Democrat and a "friend of
labor," saved the day of the mine owners. ' The strike was* virtually won,
when the mine owners called upon
him to serve his class. Did Governor
Comer hesitate? Did he take their
request, under advisement? Oh. no-
he immediately issued an ordor to the
state troops already on tho field to
tear down Uic tents of the striking
minors, and served notice that the
supply of convict mine labor in Alabama was in need of certain additions,
and it was very likely that ho could
uso n good pnrt of the strikers in such
mines, If the striko was ndt called off
immediately.
With no shelter for tho strikers or
their families, with tho troopors bayonets at thoir backs, with n government, from the governor down, owned
und controlled by capitalist forces—
tliqyo was nothing lo do but, call off
the strike.
Another striko was lost and mino
slavery perpetuated In Alabama, boonuso Ihe workors voted tho polltlcnl
power Into tho hands of their oppressors,
In tho stale of Colorado under Governor Peabody, a good Republican tho
same thing occurred, The state
troops woro usod to crush organized
Inlittr, lu Colorado bullpens wero
erected und deportation of Hlrlkoi'H
wuh speedily recognized iih one of the
Infant Induslrlos of tho Htnte, and Ih
now universally recognized iih un oh-
tiibllslied eiipltnllHl Institution In the
country,
Governor Penbody spent UioiihiiiiiIh
of dollars of ilu* money of the suite
of Colorado to break llm Htiike, The
people's money lined uh nn Instrument
of opprcHHloii! HltmlcK of Abraham
Lliieoiu and TIioiuiih .leffei'Hou! Ih
UiIh ii government of Ihe people, by
Uio people und I'or the people? Ih UiIh
(lie hope of ilemncrucy? What a
irnv<THlt>* on u republican, representative form of government! And who
Is lo bluiiie for UiIk furclcul form of
government, of ihe inantigeinent of
public n f fn Iih?
The enplliillHt  cIiikk-  wry  Hinull  In
number?     Ah, no- the working i-Iiihh'
iilniii* niiisi hem- the entire i'en|i(iiihllpll*!
Ity. i
It bus been snld thai there Ih nol
(JurkiK'Hii but Igiionmee, ntul Ir Ik flirt j
I'oree tif ignorance tliut hits placed UiIh I
freiiietidotiH power for wenl or woitj
Wtn tlm li'inrU fit' ti ininll tinrimltle'
cIuhh. The workei'H, lis it rliiHii, huvei
never voted lot* lieller llillIKH *llie>' i
tins i* nl ways been content to be iiiih
burden heftier" nud >>hnr<> th» lot id
the hiiIiiiiIhhIvi- clave. Hut It Ih onnj
of the ntoHt  hopeful  Hlguw of Union I
.. I     .      ., . 11        I,•>,,!, ■•    .iiilnt,    own'/,  '
ment drifting towards the .SocJiiIIhI !
propngnudn--sailing towards Hint op-',
en sea which lends to « new land, n|
new era, detllcnted to pence nnd plenty!
iiiii! <-oiiHecrnteil to » higher order of!
clvlll/nilon, i
At the Inif convention nf the United'
.Mine Workers of AmmUti, the largestl
Hlnele ir.'nle union In Amorlcn, a re«o-'
lotion  was pnftsetl declaring for  the
tenets of Hoclallsm.
It in my -ribstervfllton that the lime
Ih lint    far dlHlnut  when every ronlj
trmle union In Amorlcn will seo the.
iiff-cMilty ut offiaxilxftl polltlc-M action
nnd will voire the pnllflrnl expression'
nf their <lnh» under the banner of the!
mlJlf-im.    t/rir-ornprimilHlng,    Socialist
movement. 1
Development
The general strike now In* progress
In Sweden since August 4, 1909, is
not to be considered as a strike in the
common sense of the word. This strike
has' not been commenced in order to
secure to the workers increased., pay
or shorter hours, but it is the inevitable result of thc aggressive attacks
adopted by the "Swedish Employers'
Association." „  *
Ever since the financial and industrial depression that set in in conjunction with the last great economic
crisis in America—a depression which
for tho workers carried in its train
many difficulties besides the lack of
employment—the organized employers
in Sweden (and they are better organized than in any other country) have
made it their special business to try
to break to pieces the National organization (the Landsorganlzation) of tha
'Swedish workers.
Their method has been to threaten
with unlimited lock out in case their
terms were not accepted.
Thus, during the course of the year
1908, the organized employers put the
Swedish workingmen and the,-whole
Swedish .people before the possibility
of a complete lock-out and a general
suspension of work not less than four
times, in tlieir attempt te bring about
a destructive and final struggle with
the organized workers.  '
These conflicts were( however, solved, mainly to the satisfaction of the
workers, and on the basis of previously existing conditions, through the arbitration of a commission appointed
by the government, which evidently
feared rand wanted to postpone '" the
struggle which had been planned by
the employers. ■ '"
Through these constant • struggles,
under threats of mass lock outs the
xesouncQS_of_theiworkers*_organization«
were deplorably , decimated, and for
this reason the employers placed a
great deal of hope in the expectation
of a renewal of the attack.' Profiting
by the favorable circumstances, they
again) began their assaults upon the
National organization of workers this
year with the determination of dealing It a blow after which it should■'no
more raise its head.
In order to accomplish this, they
used tho following method: Iri three
different Industries, and in rather Insignificant places, wage reductions of
a slashing character were, dlctatorially
'ordered, reductions "so large that, in
view of the continually increasing cost
of living, lt would have'been entirely
out of the question' for tho workers to
submit to them.
In order, to enforce tho acceptance
of the reduced wages in theso out of
the way places, the Employers' Association on July G declared a lock-out
against all the workors ln tho throo
iiidustrlos concerned, announcing at
the snmo tlmo that if thoir demands
woro not acceded to on July 26 the
lockout would bo oxtonded to Includo
50,000 men, ond on August 2 to 80,000
mon.
As tho workers could not. possibly
recede from their defetislvo position,
I hoso hnrd decisions woro carried out,
and on August 2 80,000 men and women were shut out from work In Rueh
Induslrlos ns the employers could
shut down with tho least Injury lo
themselves, Theso workers woro Informed that' tlioy could not como to
work oxcopl. aftor nu unconditional
surrender, und ftirUiornionvtho iisbo*
ciintion empowered lis offlcerH, In ciiho
of noeoBslty, to extend Ihe loelt-onl.
to includo nil the organized workers
In Die lnnd,   ,
TIioho fuels throw n lurid light upon
the woeful innientntlons of the employers over the workliigmen'H "nl*
Kick on widely," rIiii-m (hey them*
selves lind planned the Hume kind of
"uttnok."
It wiih In the fnco of UiIh Hit tint Ion
Hint the repreHciitiilivo nHHomhly of
the org/inlzed workei'H wuh convoked,
lt wiih now plainly to lie hccii by the
worker*, (hat nol only wuh the result
of more tluni '.ifi yenrs of Htruggle for
a human i-nIhIuiicu i-iiiliinwTi-ij, but
nlso the very oxIhIoiico of their organ*
izitlloii. They could not escnpi* I lie
fuel Unit Hie employeih' ultimatum
wuh ;i,,cluilleiige lo ft life find death
Htruggle,
tn order tint in be slowly ground to
pleooH between the HilllHtOlicH of the
hiiccusHivn lock'OlitH the workers were
compelled lo Hpoedllv renorl to the
Iiihi und most powerful inenim of tie*
lellhe-   I(|e   m'liei.ij   Mi Ike, ,
The general strike I'OiiiliM'IM.t.'il on
August t. Not only did the organized
workers vote nlmost unnnlmoiiHly lo
(■ciiho work, but even the tinorgnnlzed
wrirlfepM to the number of Tint 1i>rh thnn
jort,0()fl went out on Hli'llcn with tlieir
organized fellow workers, -Still more
ii hiiiiiH rirgrtiilxiiflan of workers, cIiikr-
ed nmong the "yellow uiiIoiih," and
hitherto jicrtiKctl of running the errands of the employers, mnde common
anise with their follows.
Leaving out of account the agricultural workers, only the employees of
the government and the municipalities
Hiieh iih rnllwny, postnl, telegrnph, nnd
telephone, lighting, street cleaning,
nnrt waterworks employed nre still nt
work, nml for tnctlcal rensons , too
Jo-nK to <-*K-pln-!n,
All tlione ifovernmental nnd municipal employees who nro nlno well or*
nanlr.ed, are attettUiK them«dv*is to
support tli« Htrllccrtt, and will lit   nil
ROGRESSIVE
F
ERNIE
PROFUSEllY   ILLUSTRATED
100 :,:   :   PAGES   : :   :   100
This book ^hows the wonderful
' growth of the City of Fernie in
one year and deals exhaustively'
with its advantages,   etc.,   etc.
I
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Steam heated throughout.
Hot and cold Baths.
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading Commercial Hotel/
Rates $2.50 and upward*,,
J. L. GATES,'PROP.
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ICE   FOR   SAE.E
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Including Stump Pulling, Land Clearing and Ploughing.    Let us
figure on your next job
Rubber Tired Buggies* New Turnouts
RIZZUTO & CRAWFORD
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I
probability go out on strike at the proper time if necessary.       *>
It may consequently bo said that
the Swedish working peoplo almost to
a man, have stood up in dofonco of
their.- organization and for Its high
nnd noble aspirations. Strike breakers aro noxt to Impossible to find
within the ranks of tho actual workors
all rumors to the contrary being fabrications.
In -its origin .the general strike Is
entirely void of political and, revolutionary alms, nnd is of a puroly economic character. What, it may become In the course of events if the employers persist ln their ambitious do*
signs, remains for tho future to show
forth.
As It Is, moro than 300,000 workers
aro striking, which means tlmt ovor a
million men, womon nnd chlldron aro
now nctunlly starving or on tho vorgo
of starvation.
In spite of this desperate condition
lho strlltors aro observing perfoct order, Not ovon the milling of arms
gibes and Insults on tlio pnrt ot thoir
adversaries, or tho machinations of
"iigoulH provocutoiirti," lmvo so fur
boon nblo lo docolvo tlio workors Into
committing tho dearly longed for foi*
Hos Hint would croiilo nn occasion for
tho uso of tho rlflos nnd tho mnchlno
KittiH. In fuel nt no tlmo of lis previous lilHlory hns Sweden hooii Mich
it ponceful nnd orderly country ns It
Ih JiihI. how during llu> gcmorul strike.
Tlio workers In Sweden nro mtfflclonl*
ly tniltiwl lo Holf-control not. to niidiin*
gel* ilmlr Hiir-'iiHH by ii rush slop, tlmt
would curry wltli ll bloodshed nnd Jnll
for (lioiiKiiiidu iilmosl eertnlii defenl.
for nil.
Mill In onliM* lo nmliiliihi tho flghl,
until tin* .•iii|ili'ji.*r*» hliull lmvo (.iiffur*
cd cnoiifih flnnnelnlly to cull It off (lie
woi-J'fi-K lu Hwedr.'ti iiuihI lmvo thn ns-
Hlstniir-i* of the world, tho Internal ro*
huiii'oh being -'iitli'itiy limdwnmt't, Tho
.Swedish workers, used to hardship,
uii' willing to Htiuv*' for n long time
ynl   lu order lo guln tho victory.
'I nny (in* iirvjiaruil to fight to ti fin*
}.-,h mi u tiU-l til Mil, hi i ml und mill.i,
lint It hIIH r<-i|tilr.-H Immense sums lo
keep mon* tlmn a million ppoplo nllve.
The workorH of oilier flcnndhmvlnn
coiintrlnH Immnillninly cnmo to tliolr
nnHlt*t!*.iti<', nn-noiiHlnK tlio-miu-lvon lion*
vJJy. (hwrnmiy nnd othov cotintvlet
hnvo ul ho Hi-nt large contributions nnd
from nil over tlio world como moHimges
of rlioor nnd promises of help. Ilul
oven nil this doos not suffice,
It Is for tIiIh renson tlmt Uio Kxec'ii*
(Ivn romwfttoo of (ho RwoiIIbIj "Und*
Horgntil7.ntlmi" Iiiih sent us, tho under-
signed, to America to npponl to all tho
American work'-th lo lender Hpm*dy
anil powerful help.
Knowing full woll that you fully appreciate the Intermitlonnl. Import of
tho jitruggto now going on In Bvvodun
that you would count a itofrat for thn
Swedish workers an your own Iohh,
nnrt thnt you will ronnt ihnlr vlrtory
ni your own victory, wo bring you fraternal grfi'tliigH from your Swedish
follows and thoir thanks in advance
for assistance rendered.
All appropriations and contributions
should be sent to
LANDSSBKRBTARIATET
Stockholm, Sweden
Yours for tho welfare of tho working
class,
C. E. Tholln
John 8andgren
Authorized dologatos from tho
Swedish Landsorganis-ntion
Now York, Aug. 27, 1909.
Cablegram from Sweden
That tho efforts of the combined capitalist class of Europe have boon unsuccessful thuB fnr to break the backbone of tho Swedish striko, will bo
boot understood from tho following
cablegram rocolvod In tho offlco of tho
Swodlsh Amorlcnn nowspapor "Arbot-
ren' (Tho Workor) from tho President
of tho Swedish National Orgnnlzntlon
of Workors.
Stockholm 8ept, 15
"Arbetern" 28 City Hall Place
New York City:
The gigantic struggle continues with
undiminished energy against the 8we*
dlbh Employers' Association; more
than 150,000 still continue the struggle,
Ab yet no settlement. With courage
and endurance, the workers are keeping up the fight to the utmost, and will
win the fight If only economic assistance Is given to the Btrlkero.
LANDSSI0KIIHTAUIATI3T
ltormnn Llndnulsl,
It will bo seen from llils cmblogrnm
liuil Ihe hIInut Ion him rnmnluml tm*
cliiing-id, The slrll-o Is now In Uh
sixth week nml Dw Hiv<mIIhIi Unionists
urn Hiuiidltig I'lrm In spile of ull the
i-fform mndo by tliolr opponents to
hint I hem (loivn, TIiIh must not bo
iinikTHtood to bit a fight ngnltiflt the
ciipllnllstB of Sweden nlono, for tho
etillro onpltnllHl cIiihh of hlurnpo nro
combined und nre imlng their host
efforts to hi'otik this labor body, (he
moHl thoroughly orgunlzod in nil Mur*
opo to-day.
It was for tnctlcnl nnd slrntoglcnl
purposes (tint, me imorgrini/.ed lmvo
H'lunuii lu null., Thi/, wut, t]<)uu
miilnly because there wns no desire on
tho pari of tho striko commltteo to
proclpltntci a more dangerous situation
niul fiirthormoro, it wns Impossible,
wllh Ihe slender monns on hnnd to
iiuinuirt hucU n largo body.
Tho workers of tho world cannot
afford to permit tlio destruction of tho
Swedish orgnnlzntlon. Its present
efficiency Is tho result of over twenty
five yours of Indofntlgnblo work on
thn pnrt of Its builders and precoptors.
Wlml Is needed is tlnnnclal nld nnd
much of It.
II lliu workei'H ioim* to llm lesctii-i
and keep up tho flow of funds as they
nro now coming In nnd which nro only
now arriving In Sweden, then victory
will bo ouru. This In* tho lime for action. All Hut forroi of labor tho world
over should stand with u* In thli
Htrtif-glP. If wo go down It it only
a quostion of time beforo you will follow,
hardware:
A full line,.of shelf and   heavy. Hardware in stock together  with a
complete range of Stoves
Furniture Department
Our Furniture Department embraces the
most unique and up-to-date lines.
-■ Come in and have a look
J. IX   QUAIIr
F£fRNTIJSf Bs C*
*emm
Pollock Wine Co, Ltd
\t      " *-
Phone 79 Baker Ave. P.O. Box 2C2
1 WholeSole Importers and Exporters
of-Wines, Brandies, Cordials, Forei?u
and Domestic Whiskies and Gins.
Large stock.of Fernot Branca, Italian,
Hungarian and German Wines, ■ also
Norwegian Punch and Aquavit. Beer,
Portor, Ale and Cigars.
Agents for Waulrtsha Arcadian Water, Schlltz Beer -and the famous El*
Valloy Brewing Co. Ltd, Beer, draught
and bottled.
Special attention given to ' family
trado.
Our Motto: Pure goods and qulcx
delivery. v,
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwlg,- Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Alberta Show
Case Works
")  Manufacturers   of
STQBE FIXTURES
Calgary, Alta.
►♦♦♦♦
Fernie Dairy
FRESH   MILK
dolivored    to   all   >,
parts of tho town
DOBSON & WILLINGHAM   .
PROP8. ♦
Great Northern Rail'y
i
Fast Time and
Good Connection
To AU Points East and West
Leave Fernie 1.00 p. m.
Arr. Spokane  11      „
Only- 24 hours from Fcrnlc to Seattle and Vancouver
H. L.   BLACKSTONE, Agt.
FERNIE
J
Singer Sewing Machines Co.,
Fornio, B. C.
***mm**m*—mmmmmm*im<m**mm*»mmmmm
■Mwmmn*
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you ■
can get one for $3.00 a month?
Wm. BARTON,   (North of New School)   Pellatt Ave. ~THE DISTRICT LEDGER. FERNIE.   B. C.  OCTOBER 2 190ST
"HA-at-I'Mlftfet"
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HAYWOOD AND
CLASS STRUGGLE
Continued from,Page One
volting, This is not a class struggle
but a battle between two classes of
master's. We see a Sultan overthrown. Here we see the Christians
maltreated,on every hand, their hands
and tbelr. feet cut off; and then dipped
in, hot. pitch and every conceivable
form of torture practiced,'
We see the. Moors ln the country in
Spain * struggling to maintain possession of that domain which has been
their home for many centuries. Spain
^with .its tottering government, and
with art idiotic boy on the throne,
who wants to maintain the regal splendor that Spain once had, calls for men
and money. . ,The awakened working
people of Spain absolutely refuse. to
take up arms against their fellow work*
ers in the Moor land, arid it is these
coditioris that go forward to make a
class struggle, and that is what has
brought about the largest amalgamation of the working class that the
world, has ever seen. ,
'Workers of the world, unite.*   You
have nothing to lose but your chains,
and you have a world to gain," Is the
"slogan cry of the party which takes
under its fold every nation of the entire  world.      We  bar  neither  race,
creed nor color" nor either sex.     We
find,   eleven millions   of people   now
fighting the Class struggle and fight-
. ing for the emancipation of the working class...   This is.not the only Socialist meeting that is beingheld on a
Sunday!"'' There are hundreds or perhaps thousands of other meetings taking'place? This , subject   that   I.  am
preaching about Is one that your ministers dare not touch.    It preaches the
trulh, but under the capitalist regime
your preacher dare not tell the truth,
because if He did he would lose . his
job.    I, perhaps, have done more than
any other''single individual to   bring
about hearty and more, close co-operation between the Western Federation
. of Miners and the United Mine Workers of America.     Two years ago I
"addressed the International Congress
iii Indianapolis with "the result that a
resolution was passed appointing    a
delegation to attend the conference of
the W. P. M.  " Somo measures were
started to", bring about a closer reciprocal relation ^between these two big
*   bodies,„but it is not^yet as close as
I hope to see it.     I hope that every
man employed-in the mining industry
will  come  under one  banner.      He
=■ believed,it would be a good thing for
the eastern miners to have the fight-
■~jng spirit of the,Rocky Mountain*inin-
ialists will  fight the, Grand    Trunk
Pacific for this land.
Mr. Fisher.—The Grand Trunk,Pacific bill did not include a land grant."
. Haywood: That makes it all the
worse. Turning to the audience he
said:.My friends, the Liberal government gave the officers of the Grand
Trunk Pacific 81 townsites, the" heritage of the people of Canada and the
United States, and I want my share
of it.    .. -*...- i* -'   **
Mr. Fisher asked when.    ,
The enquiries were requested to be
asked when the speaker had finished
his address.     Mr." Fisher had wanted
to know where Mr. Haywood had gpt
TAliES PROM THE GOIiDEN WEST
his authority from in one of his pre--
vious interruptions. Haywood replied
that the Grand Trunk Pacific deal, he
took from the press, and that is was
not the only piece of, graft.
The graft that is now going on at
Montreal, and that has gone on over
contracts there, Is scandalous. The
people of Canada will no longer be able
to point the finger of scorn at any of
the corrupt cities of the United States,
The cause of the Rlel rebellion was
against the granting of lands at 15
cents per acre which are how turning
Olut 40 to 00 bushels of wheat per acre.
What can the working men, expect in
electing men to represent them like,
for instance your own member, W.
R. Ross?
. I do not know whether he is present, and I don't like to take advantage
of a person behind his. back, but he
takes advantage of us all the time. He
does not represent the working class.
And what are we expected to do on
the other side? We were'told. that,
if W. H Taft were sent to oifice that
a wave of prosperity would immediately return. Now he has been returned, but do we see that wave of prosperity? , No; we see in 'that country one
million men who are out of employment, -nothing at the back door because they are denied access to the
machinery that would provide them
with employment. There are ten
million people on the verge of starvation in a country that is second to'
none in the iron and steel industry,
arid second only to England in the
textile industry. .When we voted for
W. H..Taft we voted for-a man whose
only qualification was that he "knew
how to make an injunction, which he
learned in the federal courts of Ohio,
and he had now got the name of Injunction Bill,
^ ■■"-_,   A Dear Little Girl
7 '■•- '*:   '      at the Rink   ,
Sat Down Just as.Quick
-     -*      As a Wink;     .
Said she "I Don't See  '
Why They Giggle at Me
It Is Very Polite—
I Don't Tfaink-
1*11 just Sling the old Skates"
Out of. Sight
And Stay Home With My Mother
\: -  \ At Night
I will Learn Light House Keeping
With
Golden West Washing: Powder
And may Soon have a Home of My Own
Don't You Hope:    .,
That Will Beat Roller Skating
All Right.'
PROMINENT FARMER
COMES TO DEATH
Supposed to Have Been Thrown from
Load of Lumber-Was Well
Known Socialist,
ers.merged with them. , I know that
there is an effort being made*on the
part*.'of an organization calling itself
"The Provincial- Mine Workers of
Canada", ^establish an all Canadian
union.' - ■    ■     .
I don't know where they are going
to. Btart in to, form an all Canadian
union. He wanted to see how many
Canadians there were In tho first place
in that hall, and requested evcryono
who wa3 not a Canadian to raise his
hand. With few exceptions every hand
in.tho hall was raised.    ,
Your Interests aro identical' with
those of the men across that Imaginary
border line between the'1 United States
and Canada. It Is you men that get
tho coal that produces tho coke for the
* smelters. Your Interests aro not so
closely.Identified with tho miners of
Nova Scotia as they aro with the
mombors.of the \V. P. of M., tho fact
-that thore is such a country as Canada notwithstanding. The capitalists
aro not confined to any country. Thoy
go where Industry Is, whoro thoy can
gain wealth for thc purposo of oxplolt:
Ing the working clnsB. • Capitalists
havo no country, no flag, no honor, no
God but gold and whoso ensign Is the
iikuli and croBBbones, whoso password
ia graft.' aB 1b ovldoncod by tho m)*
oral govornment giving to tho Grand
Trunk Pacific 81 townaltcs and othor
lands, which ought to bo tho heritage
•of tho pooplo,
Mr, Fisher horo Interrupted tho
spoaltor and nuked what land grant
was Included in tho Grand Trunk Pacific bill.
Mr, Haywood: "By (.ho fact that 81
townsltofl woro glvon to thom.     I
say to you that Canada, nor Ottawa,
nor anyone olno haH any right to glvo
nnyono a titlo to any land."      Ho
rolatod a story ho onco hoard ot   a
follow who wag togged   out In flab
stockings and wido pants callod "peg
tops," and carrying In hlu hand   a
ltnob stick which ho waa knocking
a littlo ball around wllh,    Ho   was
aHkod whoso land It waB around.
"Mlno," wan tlio roply.
"Whero did you got It from?"
"Prom my fathor."       *
"Whoro did ho got It from?"
"Prom his father."
"And whoro did lio got It?"
"Ho fought for.lt."
iNUto, 1 Xxi*iti lu in*) *v ,)w*i '^.y *,t^*-.u'^
that if It lu'romrn ■necem-.M'r*** tho. Rr.p-
A lonely accidental death came to
A. H. Swardfiger, a well known farmer of Black Spring Ridge on Saturday
night or Sunday morning. , The deceased started from Claresholm on
Saturday with a load of lumber and
on Sunday mornin?: he was found
dead on the prairie "hear Elinor, The
load of ..lumber wis* found about half
a, mile away and one of the horso.-?
was'found dead also. ,
Mr. Swardfiger was the owner of
a bad tempered horse which no one
else cared to handle and which the
hostlers    at    the local barns  would
have nothing to, do with. It looks as
If the team had run away, and Mr.
Swadfiger had been killed by . being
thrown from the load. A coroner was
called from Claresholm.
The deceased leaves a wife and
family of five sons and two daughters
and ..was a-man between forty and
fifty years of age. .Two of his sons
own and operate a threshing outfit in
the north country. •*
Mr.,Swardfiger was well known in
the city as he came here a good deal
to trade and was also known as a
prominent Socialist;—Lethbridge Herald.     •  ' ..,*■-
Bill" Taft, Injunction Bill,    '
\Vho never worked and never will.
After making injunctions,- putting
union men*into jail,-they gave him
a position worth $50,000 a year, a raise
of $25,000 per year, and allow him
$25,000 a year for travelling expenses.
He related the story' of a tramp going,
along the track with a bundle on his
back, soloquizlng on n his not being
able to get a ride' after he had helped
to,build the railroad: I represent the
men who built the road, but Taft and
his ilk'e represent the men who own
the rond.
Coming to William J. Bryan, what
Is tho difference between Injunction
Bill and Silver Bill? ; He Is tho greatest political demagogue who is now
preaching to us, who whon ho starts
out on a political argument meets
himself coming back. During tho
lato campaign, Bfynn in making his
tour of tho States promised them In
to say, who are" proud that they are
of the laboring class, and to show this
it causes lead.poisoning, which results
in terrible suffering      A man cannot
regard to tho unemployed problem that
they .should have a government guar*
antood savings bank. Now what Ir
tho uso of a government guaranteed
savings bank to a hungry, man, I do
not think ho would llko to havo this
ln his stomach. I seo Bryan Is going
to speak In Lothbrldgo and Calgary
and if ho can got a dato ho may apeak
In this hull. I do not usk you to
voto tho Socialist tlckot, bocauso tho
Socialists aro not looking for votes.
I do ask you to road thb Socialist,
llteraturo which you will find in your
libraries. If not thoro then tho
Workingman'B club will furnish it. I
ask you to listen to Socialist spoakors
and thon apply, this philosophy to your
own quoBtlona. Thoy toll you that
wo will not havo Socialism until human naturo changoB, but I toll you that
human naturo will not chango until
wo havo Socialism.' Thoro aro somo
working mon who will stand on tliolr
heads and aBk ub what wo nro going
to do with tho capitalists. Thoy aro
llko tho pooplo who OBkert Abraham
Lincoln what tho ladicB and gentlemen of tho south would do If tho
bIovob woro out froo.
Ho ropliod "It Ih root hog or die,"
and It will bo tho Hamo with tho cap*
HallnlB, thoy will havo to "root hog or
dio." Wo will not lot thom out but
wo will tako thom In, and glvo thom
a good hard job In tho mlno factory, or
..  - .."Ji .-.Vf-.***'*.
Thore are nnmo workingmen, ntrango
they wear overalls all the year around,
for fear that they should be taken for
capitalists. They seem to like the
clanking of their chains.
.The Western Federation of Miners
was born*in jail, where a number of
their members were incarcerated in a
"bull pen", the result of a strike in
1892 in Coeur d'Alene, The minors
went on strike to prevent a reduction
of wages" from $3.50 to *j3.00. Thc
mine operators immediately called or.
their allies, the thugu, Pinkerton detectives and scabs., There was a
pitched battle between th'.- union
men and the non-union men in which
ac*me were kllWi Th.-*** iho Ito ps
were called and' when they, came 1200
union',men were seized and wero put
ln a "bull pen." He described a
bull pen as two storey building made
out, of rough lumber, with high pal*,
nigs around. Most of those seized
wero hold for seven months without a
trial or warrant. They wore not permitted to leavo tho building, not oven
to answer tho most necossary calls,
Many became diseased and many died
as the result, Among thnt.;. number
woro 14 who were nrreBtod for violence nnd Injury; and among thom wns
your townsman Tom Wholan, and lt
wns by a mere coincident that Moyer,
Adams, Pottlbono nnd myself, occuplod tho snmo coll M yoars later. Whilo
thero amid tho four gloomy walls of
tlmt prison tho four'.oon docldod to
got nil of tho mombors of tlio woBtorn
country Into ono orgnnlrntion. On tho
1fith of Mny, 1891), tho Western' Pel
oration of Minors wns launched at
Butto, Montana. Following this came
tho Cripple Crook striko In 1804 when
tho minors of tho greatest gold camp
then on record struck to maintain an eight, hour day, and a minimum wngo,, of $3. Tho capitalists
oporatlng tin* mlnos Immediately call-,
cd on tho govornment fojr tho troopH—
By tho wny havo you over honrd of
tho minors culling for troops, thoy aro
Bont along without tho milium asking
for thom—but Iho mlno operators did
not got tho troops bocnuBO wo hnd o
work more than six or eight years in
the lead mines before he is ready for
the capitalists scrap heap , This is
where 99 per cent of our men go. It
Is composed of- old men, and young
men who are maimed and who nan no
longer make profit for their employers'
There is no employer, not even the
Crows Nest Pass Coal Company who
employ men from "a sense of philanthropy. They hire men for the' money that they can make out of them.
Remember that Manager- Hurd Is no
less a wage slave than you are. He
gets three "meals a day, a placo to
sleep, and can* buy a few cigars now
and then but they ,**.yould not like to
change the system.
Now, wo lost tho strike In Leadvillo
because the troops weer used against
us. Then enme the second great
striko of 1899 ln Coeur d'Alene. Tho
mlno operators brought in the troops
as boforo. Thoy blow up stores and
trlod to foist ln on the miners. Ono
storo was blown up and attributed to
tho minors, but It was Joe McDonald,
who had 3000 pounds of giant powdor.
McDonald wns the superintendent of
one of tho mills.
Tho troops who cnmo woro Federal
troopR. Anothor bull pen was erected
and this timo It wob a ono storoy
placo, Tho mlnorB wero thrown ln.
Tho food was unfit for dogs, and black
soldiers wore placed nl onch post, lt
bolnp tho tlmo of tho Spanish-American wnr. In that bu]l pon worn tho
votoranB of tho Civil wnr who woro
willing to dio to froo, the mothers
nnd fathers of those nigger Rohllors
from tho chains and tho Mhnclcoln of
slavery. I mention the word "nlggor"
bocauso mnny ot tho minors from a
[falsa sonso of patriotism, went out to
tho war, leaving thoir wives and fam
ilies and sweethearts behind, whom the
nigger soldiers were insulting, outraging and ravishing.  *, 7"
They weer arrested and beaten. I
want to tell you a true story of one,
Mike Divine. Poor old Mike had been
sick and bad been staying for a long
time in the provincial hospital. He
was finally discharged,' and while tottering down the street one day was
accosted by the black*soldiers and
pushed off the sidewalk..■•' He remonstrated with them and they arrested
him immediately. The sick man had
another relapse, and again was sent
to the hospital.* While there he felt
that he was going to die, and, being
a Catholic, enquired for a priest,.but
was, told what • had been told to no
one else to "Make your confession in
hell," and after this poor old Mike
died, dying with these words on his
lips: "Boys, stay with the union,' and
we have been staying with it ever
since.
Following   this   strike   occurred a
number of others with which I will
not weary you, and this leads up to
the Colorao labor war, culminating in
that trial of which you have* all read
so much.     The men in a camp not
previously union, had organized a union.     The company had put in a detective named Gray.    He informed the
company of the leaders and on the
Ilth of February nine of the members
were   Informed   that  there    was   no
work for them.     On the 14th of February all the men went on striko and
on the 3rd of March the troops were
ordered out, which was a bold step.
There was no "occasion to bring them
there."    There had been no trouble,
all quiet.     On the 17th of Marcli 5000
miners of Cripple Creek went on strike
in  sympathy     with their 654, fellow
workers.      In  proceeding I  want  to
explain-, that the Western Federation
of Miners makes no agreements,   no
contracts nor any schedule with any
company.     When we make a   wage
scale ,we put it in the by-laws,   and
give the companies a copy of the bylaw.     We do not believe in contracts
and you men can-refuse to go into
agreements with the operators.     Two
days later the troops were withdrawn
from Colorado City.
In the meantime the Citizens League
had been prganized. A general strike
was called and^on the 4th of November the troops weer sent, into Cripple
Creek. ,Theer was no disturbance
again, just one old man by the name
of Stewart, who we have found but
since was beaten by his wife with a
frying pan. The troops committed
petty7larceny and-'murder. While
they'were in Cripple Creek there were
strikes in other parts of the States.
The troops were sent to Tellside. One
night they went to the • homes of 90
different men.     Comrade James told
I,
you of one instance in Nova Scotia,
but this was .of 90 different men.
—"Manyof- them—were"J"di-agged*"froiir
the side of their wives through the
snow and frozen' ice in their night
clothes; they were shipped out and
told never to return.    Thirty five men
THE   CANADIAN   BANK
OF COMMERCE
HEAD OFFICE TORONTO
ESTABLISHED  1867
\k
¥
B. E. WALKER, President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, Gen. Manager.
Paid-up Capital   $10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and England
G0UirBT--BUSaDliB*SS /ST^^iSil^iTS.'ISlao.
business.   Sales notes will be cashed ov taken fov collection.
R A N-S-TTKff-f RY MATT -*^m)Unts may be opened by mail and monies
-U All Alii U Dl MAIL*) deposilod ov withdrawn in this way with,
equal facility. ...
H. W. TRENHOLME.
Manager, Fernie.
Every Housekeeper
values the opportunity  to save,
Many a. penny may
be saved by pur>
chasing all your
'Pleat and Poultry at
our market.
OPYRIGHT
<S]n*ing Lamb, Mutton, Pork nnd Rib Roasts
to tempt* the appetite.
Nowhere  can   you find such  a   variety   to
choose  from.
Your orders will  be   given   our   immediate
attention.  *
P. Burns ■*& Co.,
Meat   Merchants
j The 41 Meat Market touted
I Wholesale and Retail Butchers
I     .... *  •. '■• .=—
•     Back to our Old Stand
We beg to announce to our many customers that .we have removed to our old quarters next the Eank of Commerce pending the
erectioncof our new building opposite the King Edward hotel.
gmwmmimsxms^^
were arrested and charged with vagrancy. , All of them had money in
theii" pockets. We hnd a restaurant
where they could eat and number of
thom had property. One of them,
Henry Makle, was taken to a cesspool
and told to clean it out which he refused ' to do. He was taken and
handcuffed and held up to a telephone pole for four hours In a raging
snowstorm.
He also told of other cruelties perpetrated on' the poor miners. Tho
troopers "wore sent into dlfforont places nnd told to break up tho strikes.
The Cltlaens league did everything ln
their powor to end tho striko. In
Southern Utah and Colorado men wero
lined up, sent out of tho places and
told never to return or thoy would bo
shot..
Their houses wero taken from thom
and p-tven to scabs and their furnituro, otc., broken.'' Wo had tho strike
well In hand ln Cripple Crook. We
had a union storo nnd supplied all
our mombors with food, otc, Romombor that you havo n co-oporatlvo storo,
and you should all help to mnko It n
succoss, nnd mako It ono of tho machines to fight tho cnpltnlists, nnd It
will bo n aplondld thing for you nil to
bo mombors.
You havo nnotlior weapon of your
own, which If you will tnko ndvnntnge
of, you can mnku thu strongest
weapon tlio workmen ever hnd, nnd
thnt Is tho District Ledger, It do-
servos ovon moro support than your
hnll or storo. You should glvo It
your most cordial and cnrneBt support,    Kvory man who Ir n mombor of
Andy   Hamilton
Tinsmith, and Plumber
We can furnish you with estimates in
anything in our line
25 tp 35 per cent.
You will ' save by buying Clothing from us.
Complete stock of Winter goods. Call and
see us before you buy elsewhere,
Sweaters, 75c, Wool Sox 3 pair 50c
Pure Wool Underwear, suit $1.75
Flannel Shirts $1.25 each
L
llVUr-   r~
I       -*«*|| %J0 *_, -*^m^^_mm
at et eryrw^t a tuftf
ii m»» tt_wp
ffl    Iff MfTH
sa*/
Yet you may cough tomorrow! Better be prepared for jt
when it comes.. Ask your doctor about keeping Aycrs
Cherry Pectoral in the house. Then when thc hard cold
or cough first appears you have a doctor's medicine at
hand. Your doctor's approval of its use will certainly
set all doubt at rest. Do as he says. He knows.
No alcohol in this cough medicine.  JX. Aver Co., L>«<[HS.
Robutt htillh It a (treat ufegu-vd »a*lntt itlatla of threat and luntf troubUfchot
*MiutlMll6n will deitroy th* but ef health.   Ask your doctor about kytf* Ptiu.
governor iu tho right plnco who wna n
union mnn,
lloworH, who wna thon xherlff, or*
unnlzod nn nrmy of doputloH of 1000,
who woro compoBod of tho loweut
(Irogu of docloty. Thono 1(100 woro
organized, nnd It wns then tlmt tho
Governor c'iiiuu out tuo uuuj<» mn\
11,0 ifOlki;
Thoso bravo 1000 deputies marched
up to tho tup of null's HIII to capture
tho mlncru enmp, mot tho troopfl nnd
thon mnrched down ngnln.    Wo won
X.UK It'll i'l.XS U-Cv-A'UCA*. -.V.-v >ik**J'Ot»<l. W-v.V u.V-1
mod ngalnnt ur. * Thon followed thc
Btrlko of thu lond mlnorn nt J/mdvillo
In 1800, n Btrlko to prevent tho lowor*
ins of wages from V to $2.K0 per dny.
With tlio probnblo exception of conl
mlnorn, tho lend mlnorn enRnj-'O In th*
moat deadly work.
the lend mlncH nrf full of un-jenic,
which corneii nhooilriff out ns coon ne
tho tunnel Ir driven in nbout 100 feet,
and when thla ia inhaled by the men
'     Are You
Connected ?
r\ «•*   « ■->.•-•■*    %* f e\ rY-K*
♦ *      M* i** 4-*•**■>,      Si**!,***
• %t   a WW* r -v    *mv
UwliVt     v*** w    +*q •*••* •*
iroxi Sic new sysU-si'} Now is ihe time io have
connection* and wiring dono. We can savo you
monoy. We have all styles and makes of fixtures
motors and generators.     See us at onco.     Tho
**|l-*».**"   J.   *   *,.*        M*.- •-*        ■"• **^'    -   -     • l    "
KEFOURY
Nnxt to K.hIioii'h Ciiinly Hlon'
BROS.
NfiUtoN'milH'Mi 111.Id
w
till    Vfi     ■•*■•■*     AAAW
vice ehocrfully given.
Depew, Macdonald & McLean Co.  \
Limited
Slectrieal Contractors
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
tho U. M. W, or A. Hhould tnko ll,
mid nil of you men who nro fortilmi*
cm nml ennnot rond ICiikIIhIi kIioiiM
keep ImnuncrlnB nt your nfflci-rti until
tlioy put n column or i>uk<* In your Inn-
kuuko,
Tho Cltlzenn' lenRun wnH componcd
of lawyer*,, clerks, doctors nnd pro-
ff-HHlnnnl m.»n, nn>n who rould not r*"
mnln In Orlppln C.r«t'k iH hmirH If It
wero not for tlm workltiK cIuhh. llt>
then told the tnlu of thu nrrt'Ht of IiIh
(-ornpiiiiioriN mid hlnihilf,
The 8tunenberg Trial
V, •**   '*.*/L'.fv. avv'utAw \..i   t,,,t,,,f,   ,i  '.-...ti,
wo hnd never fcoii, In n town 1000
mllen nwny which wo li.id novur vli-.lt*
ed," ho unlil. "All llio corporation***
w.M-o nKHliiHt un, nud evon Hie ll. H.
rnnll wrm tide irnckfd while they
rushed uh from Denver, Colorado, tn
XXoIm, Mul.-.*. Tli-.' r-'ltt*',.*.'!' funi.!rli"d
tho trnln tu-e nml we mnde ihe trip In
fw/v<* hoiirff f<**=i iJ-.rtti fl.** "schtvliit"
time. Arrived ni Holm: .*.■ weie Uilieii
In the Hlnck Mnrln »o Dw Ktnte penl-
| (•COI'linUeil   ML   J......   1>
Loans
DROP   IN
MATTER
On first claai
butlnett and rail*
dentlal  property.
AND TALK THE
OVER   WITH   US
Real Estate & Insurance THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. C.  OCTOBER 2 1909
®fte M^itixi £&$**
J1.00 a year iu advance. Address all communications to the' "Manager" District Ledger, Fernie B. C.
Rates for advertising on application.
Phone 48;  Residence 9
W. S. STANLEY,
Manager and Editor
 : * :	
ORGANIZED LABOR
Tlie Canadian Alining Journal: The constantly
increasing efforts of labor leaders in tlie direction
of international confederation are pregnant with
significance. - It requires no flight of the imagination to discern a settled design beneath the visit
of prominent American labor-socialists to Europe.
It is quite as'improbable that the incursion of the
United Mine Workers of America into Canada
arose from the unselfish * desire of certain demagogues to aid (he miners of the Dominion*:" Whatever the ostensible objective of the labor propaganda maybe, its ultimate purpose "is the widest
and closest possible inter-union of labor societies.
And in this aim. per se. there is little to condemn. Individuals and societies alike,'who strive
to ameliorate tlie conditions of human life, are deserving of praise iind sympathy. But it is a patent
l'iict that tlie majority of labor leaders on this continent are demagogues, imbued with the dogmata
of a crude form' of socialism, which is in reality a
variant ..of anarchism modified by opportunism aiid
illiteracy. To demagoguery. i'or instance, and to
deinagoguery alone, is to lie attributed last week'**!
episode in a coal mining district in the United
..States. Here a strike was' imminent because of
the proposed introduction of safety explosives,
Thli incredible' folly of the. miners in opposing a
measure calculated solely to reduce the risks under
which their daily work'is performed, is due, of
course, to" ignorant prejudice. . Hut their leaders,
often profoundly ignorant themselves, foster and
encourage the ignorance, prejudice, and passions
of their followers'. Anyone who will lake 'the
trouble to read the official utterances of. labor per-
'iodieals—and IhcU. LM. \V. A. Journal is an outstanding example—cannot but admit the justice of
this indictment.
As a general propostion, il is true'that the leaders of mining labor are antagonistic to the introduction of regulations, devices, and methods that' arc
calculated to prevent loss of life/This is especially
true of coal mining. •■
In Great Britain a temporizing government has
pandered consistently to the most radical section
of labor socialists.     Whilst the, militarism of Ger-
' many can hold revolutionary tendencies in check,
in Great Britain no, such corrective-is either poss-
TTlTle~oralesira I> l o. "Great BYi"tain7~iTncl~all Angles
Saxon countries, must depend primarily upon the
controlling influence of educated public opinion.
Now. since mining labor is highly organi/.ed.
there is present an essential need that operators
and owners organize. But this organization iiiiist
not be called into being us a corporate entity hostile
to labor bodies. On such a foundation succ.es.-.
would never'lie worth attaining. The basic problem is not one of warfare, but of co-ooeraiion—
co-operation, national and international as between
- mine owners first, and then as between owners'and
labor. '
The first, step in this desired consummation must
be local and national union of mine owners or operators. Never was the need so apparent as it 'is in
Canada today. Indeed, ihe value of mining invest
inputs depends more tpday upon labor conditions
' than ever before; and no othei- factor is so uneer-
lain. Jlenee, if only,as a business precaution, it
is incumbent upon mine owners to gel together mid
• slay together.     Only by imilunl I rust and concert-
• ed action can mine owners hope lo gunrd their
interests adequately. And only liy temperate nieth-
• ods, wise forbearance, and the dissemination ol'
'* right knowledge can Ihe confidence' of organized
' lalior be won,
Meanwhile it is perl incut to observe that Canadian niiiie owners will never have as fair an opportunity of organizing as is offered lliem by the
present conditions."
Tlie foregoing is a clear example of class eon*
scioiisncss among Ihe nuisler class, and may be profitably studied by those of the workers wlio still
have the '"identity of interests" bee in tlieir btui-
lll'IS.
It is also an example of the means'used by the
masters, to weaken the labor organizations, and
while ostensibly showing a friendly attitude, are
ever'ready to stab them in "the back, and \yliile
finding little to condemn in a niovement, the ultimate object of which is the closest possible ihter-
union of labor societies, they still make a covert
thrust at the movement through its leaders, ' ■ by
stating that the majority of them are demagogues,
imbued with the dogmata of Socialism, which is in
reality, a variant of anarchism, modified by oppor-
ism aud illiteracy. ■-'
AYe agree that there are demagogues ih the labor movement, but instead of being imbued with
Socialism, the spirit of eo-opoeration in ownership
as well*as production, they, at the bidding of the
masters'; issue lengthy epistles against it. just as
amusing to those who understand'the position of
the producer and the" master under capitalism as
the article printed above, either an example of
woeful ignorance, or worse still, an attempt to keep
intact that much talked of delusion of the workers.*
"capital and labor's identity of interests" foi* the
purpose of persuading a long suffering working-
class to help **, uphold a system that permits
of the master,'who,produces nothing, taking and
holding'all Unit labor produces.
The statement that the miners, and especially
the coal miners, are antagonistic to the introduction of regulations, devices and methods to prevent
loss of life, will'be branded immediately by -the
workers as a deliberate lie. and an attempt to foist
onto the workers, who lose their lives in following
such hazardous occupations, the responsibility that
belongs to the profit hungry dollar hunting, labor
skinning corporations.
The example quoted shows again the lying and
deceit practiced to gain their ends, when they state
that a strike was imminent because of the introduction of safety explosives. •   ■
Any person who understands the situation in
District No.*: 5 ,U. M. W.- of A. knows that it was
tlie considerable reduction of wages embodied in
the new order, that was the cause of the trouble,
and not the introduction of safety precautions, as
*       X    - [,
they would have us believe.   - -       .       '
The I\ W. 'A. should congratulate themselves on
being willing tools of the master class, as shown
by passing resolutions favoring greater naval and
military organization,-when we consider the statement that "tlie militarism of Germany can hold revolutionary tendencies in check," but we do not
take it for granted that in Great Britain any such
corrective is either possible or desirable'.
* It is very desirable to,the masters that the workers should develop the telescopic eye so that they
may. see what-is happening in other countries, but
be blind/to happenings under their noses. .
We do not think the members of the Tj: M..W. of
A. in Nova Scotia will have any doubt about the
military, and will be convinced that the main object
JiLJiaving ■LLamlitarv_QrganizatiouJs_tliat..thc*y_mav_
NOTICE
NOTICE .is^ hereby', given that thirty
(30) days\after date I Intend to apply
to the Hon. phlef . Commissioner of
Lands and Works for a license to prospect for Coal1 and Petroleum on the
following described lands . situate in
South E, Kootenay, British Columbia,
Block 4593, commencing at a post
planted at or nearvl mile east of the
31st mile post of the present C. P. R-
surveyed line and being the south east
corner of^A. S. Farquharson's claims;
Thence running west 80 chains',
Thence running north 80 chains;
Thence running east 80 chains;
Thence running south 80 chains
to a point of commencement, making
640 acres more or less.
Located this 1st- day of September,
1909. .„
NAT BABCOCK, Agent,
A.S.FARQUHARSON, Locator
J. RAVEN, Witness .
EVERYBODY ENJOYS
- Thence running east 80 chains;
.Thence .running south 80 chains *
to' a point of commencement, making.
640 acres more "or less.       -'  \,   -    •
Located,this 3rd day of September,
1909. '.■••.-':.''"
NAT BABCOCK; Agent,
.4,    NAT BABCOOK, Locator
J. RAVEN, Witness ~  *   • .    , ,
Sold only in sealed lead packets'
At all grocers-
40c, 50c and 60c per pound'
TEA
• Located this 2nd day of September,
1909.7       ',    ,
•   NAT BABCOCK, Agent,
•■-• P.A.FARQUHARSON, Locator
J.' .RAVEN, Witness'
NOTICE
■ NOTICE is hereby given that thirty
(30) days after dato I intend to apply
to the Hon. Chief Commissioner of
Lands and Works for a license to prospect for Coal and Petroleum on the
following described lands " situate in
South E. Kootenay, British Columbia,
Block 4593, commencing at a post
planted at or near 3.miles east of 30
mile post of the present C. P. R. surveyed line and being the. north east
corner of Edmond Boisjoli's claim; -
% Thence running south 80 chains
.Thence running west-80 chains;.-
Thence running north 80 chains; ,
Thence running east 80 chains;
to a point of commencement, making
640 acres more or less.
, Located this 2nd day of September,
1909. . *    '     ■   -.       .*.'■•
NAT* BABCOCK, Agent,
EDMOND BOISJOLI, Locator
J. RAVEN,, Witness..
NOTICE
be used in the subjugating of the struggling workers.   ' .     •        "■    *•
■■ We should, as a, class conscious working class,
firmly set our faces-against militarism; and nip. in
the bud .any patriotic; impulse that may arise
amongst us, knowing full well that the object of
the masters in encouraging patriotism is that they
may have an army of paid murderers who' are willing when called upon to shoot down the members of
their own class, the proletariat. /
The advice to the coal corporation that they
should organize seems 1o be entirely supevfluouf-f.
as they are already more strongly organized.than
are the'mine workers, but the mine workers.could
profitably take this advice, and effect, not only a
closer organization of all mine workers,, but also
of all workers. ,
We can readily soc how much tlie mine owners should tolerafe tlie labor unions: wo realize .that
it.is to their best commercial interests lo tolerate
them just so far that they-may be ablo to get the
workers to sign time fontracts or agreements, and
bind themselves under any circu'innlances not to
cause any trouble for varying periods of time, so
that they have a guarantee Unit their mines will
continue to operate, but ihey are not prepared to
let lalior get thai whicli rightly .belongs to it, nor
even in the industrial warfare, to let labor organizations have a free hand to lake advantage of favor*
able eircimistances, the saine as they do themselves.
On the whole it is a good sign when we see such
vituperoiis articles, that llio workci/s are awakening
to their real interests, and the consummation of tin*
Marxian slogan may not be so far distant. "Workers of tlii! world unite, you have nothing to lose
but your chains, you have a world to gain."
NOTICE is hereby given that thirty
(30) days after date I intend to apply
to the Hon. Chief Commissioner of
Lands aiid Works for a license to prospect for Coal and Petroleum on the
following described lands situate in
South E. Kootenay, British Columbia,
Block 4593, commencing at a post
planted at or near 4 miles east of 27
mile post of the .present C. P. R. surveyed line and being the north west
corner of P. A. Farquharson claim;
Thence running east 80 chains;
Thence running south 80 chains
' Thence running .west 80 chains;
-Thence running north 80 chains;-
to a point of commencement, making
640 acres more or less.
=^=*-Located=this=3rd*=-day4=of=Sei)tember=
1909.
NAT BABCOCK, Agent,
P.A.FARQUHARSON, Locator
J. RAVEN, Witness.   *
NOTICE
NOTICE is herebyf given that thirty
(30) days after date I intend to apply
to the Hon. Chief' Commissioner   of
Lands and Works for a license to prospect for Coal and Petroleum on   the
following described lands    situate In
South E. Kootenay, British Columbia,
Block   4593,   commencing   at a post
planted at or near 3 miles east of 30
mjlc post of the present C. P. R. surveyed line and being, the north west
corner of Nat Babcock'claim;     .  . ,
Thence running south 80 chains
Thence running east 80 chains;
'  Thence running north 80 chains;
Thence running west 80 chains;
to a point of commencement, making
640 acres more or less.
located this 2nd day of September,
1909.
NAT BABCOCK, Agent,
NAT BABCOCK, Locator
J; RAVEN, Witness   ;       '
NOTICE...
NOTICE is hereby given that thirty
(30) days after date I Intend to apply
to the Hon. Chief Commissioner of
Lands and Works for a license to prospect for Coal nnd Petroleum on the
following described lands situate in
South E. Kootenay, British Columbia,
Block. 4593, commencing at a post
planted at or near the 28 mile post of
tho present C.;P. R*|tyirveyed line and
being the north* w'^t'' corner of Nat
Babcock claim;      : *
Thonce running oast 80 chains;
Thonco running south 80 chains
Thonco running wost 80 chains;
Thonco running north 80 chains;
to a.point of eommoncomont, ranking
040 acros moro or loss.
Located this 2nd   day of September
1909. '
NAT BABCOCK, Agont,
NAT BABCOCK, Locator
J. RAVEN. Witness
Fernie Opera House
G. L, TASCHEREAU, MANAGER
Haywood Glass Struggle
(('on,luiled from \mv,e >'ti
KMlllliry   illul   llicl'i'   pllU'l'il   III  (lie  roil*
(li'iiini'il <-<*lln with tin* di-nlli wai«li ou
l-inird over i|s, nml lhi* nt ii timo wlu-u
Ui* liad not "V.'ii i'.-.i-l*.nl tiiu iiifliiii-
Inury lie-iii-iiiK- ThfiV were hIx im-IIh
In iln- place In wlilcji w<- were confined. I "tTiipli'il Uic tirnt, n man since
hum;, the H'M-ond, l-vtilhoiic ihe third,
u cni/.y mtiii the fourth, niul u iiiiui
wor vim'   ll    life   «e|iti<nce    Will   III      lilt*
Hlxlh. Later we were taken lo another   'ill!   Ill   Alii!   MlllIU)    •All-'.le   XX,'   XXI'.LI'
I'Oiifliii.il in a Kleel rnKe In a hidlii it-
mem i*«'»m Here xxn were allowed
to Hleep liiit Iii flu* lilnhn Hindi penitentiary our food: wan  doped, our Hleep
1 ...,1 .t   l,.,1f  l,mn*li.  Itilervi-I.i In*  ttie
Ktiuiihi who ciinie a limit mid flushed n
llfiht lu our faceo und -wry pfforl
I'OHHlble wiih miiilo to wear uh out,"
What a Detective It
The iletectlveH whom In.' nociim-d of
"trumping up Dw falm- ••vldonc-u
nifiiiriHi iih," f-nnie In for Htronjf con-
demniitloii. "Do you know whnt a do-
tfitlvf- in?" he thundered. "I do nnd
I nm ftoliu! tn tell you. nnd I naiy hopn
there U h deceive In thin audience
to listen to tiu* so that lio will know
the IowchI, nieiuii'Kl, most dt-Hplcnlilc*
thing    tlmt  either ereepH or eniwln,
(Appliiumt.) lie will ko into Hie union!''""'j'.
the h,iHlm*HH offlee, the !,«„„. or ,..»-< [^      „ ,„
Where elHe mill  live, bleed llllll  thrive* . .     ,.
on Ihe I rouble nf IiIh own iiiiihlilK. I lei    ..„' ...
Ih Hi iiiukko! of Ids own con'u n. l!     ' >»' Kov.-i*miu*nt hml hIiico held   n
lell  •.mi ihitt the I.Iiik and pilnre of j <*oinmln**loii  Inlo th- blowlni? up    of
tlw   deteeilveh were burn nu nool.ed HtnreH, etc, during tlmt  strike,     ntul
know the (llffer.'iu'o. You would not
he nhle io *•*<■<■ thein with n micron-
Tlmt'rt whnt I think of n do*
anil (here Ih only nun nml)
Ih Ihe mnn who hln'H
that I heir own mot hem Iuul lo break
their ]vuv, to emihle (hum to Hn In bed
only Iiihi hcnhIoii it hill whh piiHHed re*
ImbuiHliiK llio'W. V. of M, lo the ex-
Hli-uluht. I could lake Ihe IhmuIh and ,,,,„ of -fdo.oon fur the ilnmnge   they
hoiiIh uf 10.0011 ili-u-uilvoH and put nil; r„(.,.|VW, „, „,„ hniI1,H of thll ,BW „,„,
nl' them Itis-dde the littlo hollow    tlmt
mnn ihroiiKh every hair iu a humitul
Id'iiu* h lieiul, unit tl I hliooli mat Iiim-
NOTICE
NOTICK Is horoby glvon that thirty
(30) days nftor ditto I Intend to apply
to tlio Hon. Chlof Commissioner of
LnndH and Works for a license to proo-
poet for Conl and Potroloum on the
following doHcrlhod InndH Hltunto in
South 12. Kootonay, British Columbln,
Block 4.'0:i, commencing nt a punt
plnntod nt or near 4 ihIIoh ortHl of 27
milo post of tho proHCiit C, I». H. surveyed lino nnd holm; tho houIIi woj-it
cornor of 1\ A. Kiirqiihai'Hon clnlm;
Thonco running ciihI 80 chnliiH;
Thonco miming north 80 cIiiiIiih;
Tlionco running wimt 80 chnlnn;
Thenco running houIIi 80 clmltm
to a point of conunonciMiient, nml'liin
(110 ados moro or Iohr.
Locntod I IiIh 3rd dny of September,
lOOH.
NAT HAIICOCK, Agont,
P.A.WAIIQUHAIWON, I/icntor
J. IIAVHN, WltnoHB
order peoplo, nr the C'ltlzriifl longuo iih I
' J    Wt,:
•l,il
in M.'jicJu-rhiu Li ui'fifi] U'iwj hhi
Vou cnulil pour them ou', on a r.>*i|.. r! heaiern, If they were membeiK of Ihe
cent mid lho Hktu of n blueberry woul1 it. m. W. of A., to Htnnd by tlmt or-
cover them,, Tlmy rnuM phy tag on
the Hiirfn-.c of Hint cent nm*. novor mm
nerosH ench other In n tlmA-mml v. ;■■•••
If Ihe coyote nui acror.H llio <*/ii"*.**.
of n iletertlvn on tho prnlwtt.H Iir* would
run ten milos around to nvold lt imi
tlio huzznrdfl would fly hhh v.hon lh. y
cnmo to It, Let mo tell you tnat vlicn
n iluteotlvi' dloH ho go-'H ho low tluu
ho hnH to get ii ladder to climb up
Into hell.
"Yon may say thero nro good de-
t.Tiivoft. You ran take Iln* Rood poliiitt
gnnlz'itlnu nnd mnko It n splendid hiic*
reHH, nnd  thon unlto pollllcnlly nnd
•i i u,i        i tti it.
„■.*.(•-*...    M.1.-V     t|lOk*>'lk>l,lhkil   -life |^'.^-.-b**'Mt-tt.,'J»i.    t,t.--J.-.     n1-.^
icseniR the working claKB, nnd you can
do for yoiirHcJveH nnd tho working
cIiihh In Ronoral what you havo dono
for uh. lio ri-Mimed hlft »ent nnild
great appInuHO.
Orcnnlwr T, K. Jnmen nl thin |imr*
ture rcqucBtod ench man to keop from
fhe '.".-.ne of nation  In  Novn  Srotln,
of nil tho dotoctlvoH In Dw wotlil andjM,ll'J' «"« «»»«• "'»•' o{ Ir.iorn*lloraI
put them on the -mail <-nd of a hor*! Vlrn-lTcildont McCuIIourIi. Tho flelit
what I think of him.     A dntertlve Is tiet'H ntlnjf and tho hornrt wuttld not (In Nova Scotia la oara.
To-Night
Barrett & Barbour
A pleasing Repertoire of Playlets
Married   I*ife
A laugh and grow   fat coinedy*.-
We're so happy, we're
miserable
Retribution
Taken from the emotional drama
of East.Lynri, Lady Isabell in
her parting with Francis Levi-
son. 'She is found by her Uncle
NOTICE
NOTICE is hereby given, that thirty
(SO)-idays after date I intend to apply
to tho Hon. Chief. Commissioner   of
Lands and Works for a license to pros
peijt for Conl and Petroleum on   the
following described lands   situate in
South 13. Kootenay, British Columbia,
Block   4593,   commencing   at a post
planted at or near 4 miles east of 27
mile post of tho present C P. R. surveyed line and being the Tenth oust
corner of Nat Babcock claim;
Thence running west 80 chains;'
Thence running north 80 chains;
,     FERNIE
CONSTRUCTION CO.
CONTRACTORS  &   BUILDERS
Business- Blocks,   Churches
Schools, and heavy work a
,- specialty
P.O. BOX 153 FERNIE B.C.
Agents for Kdmonton Pressed Brick
and   Hand,  Point   Common ■ and
Preasad   Hrick.      Estimates' furnished free
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
| Beer
and
Porter
Lord>Mc5everii,.who lulls her of
her dying child,
Moving Pictures
1 Two Performances  8  & 9
Prices 15c and 25c.
| Bottled Goods a Specialty |
M. A. Kastner
INSURANCE AND
REAL ESTATE
Fire!  Fire! Fire!
The anniversary of tho great
fire of August 1, 1008, is'drawing near. .Let us draw your attention to the fact that we represent 11 financially strong, old
established and well known
Board l**ire[ Insurance companies, also agent for the
Sun   Life    Insurance
Company of Canada
Wa have several snaps in
Business and  Residential
Property0
* in different parts ol' the city
Agent
New Oliver Typewriter
Machine given out on trial
\   No Charge
I
9
i
Lumbepmerand-Rancheps
We wish to call your, attention to our new and complete stock
of: Heating Stoves, for coal or.wood; 'Horse Blankets; Camp
Boarding House Utensils; Hardware and Harness; Carriages and
Wagons and  Farm Implements. .
The above lines are all direct from the manufacturers and the.
prices are right. -
J. M.  AGNEW & CO.
ELKO, B. C.
* -great?   lor.
NOTICE
NOTIC'li* is hereby glvon tlmt thirty
*,.*)UJ dnyH utter iiutu I iniuiuf to apply
to tho lion. Chief ConuiilBsloiicr * of
I-ands nnd Works for a license to prospect, for Conl nnd Petroleum on llio
rollowliiK doHcrllicd InndH Hltunto In
tttiuni iu, Hoou'imy, Mrimti Coluintiiii,
lllock V,'j'i, eommonclnR nt a post
plnntod at or nonr A miles enRt of 30
milo poHl of thn present C. I', lt, surveyed lino, nnd IicIiik tha north '.vest
cornor of P. A. Farquhamon claim;
Thcni-v- rnnnlnrr hoiiHi SO rhnln»
Thenco running cant 80 chain*;
Thenr-*? running north 80 cholnn;
Thence runnln**; wost -SO clialna;
to a point of commencement, making
040 aero more or Icm,
COmiWt, 19M. »Y THC HEW YORK tVEMNO mXCMt (MEW YOW HEWLD C03. »■ «««• to***-
Kiwt mt 2- -*> *
& i
r
k
17
'•/Ir*
The Official Organ of District No.  18, U. M. W.  of A.
Fernie, B. C, O ctobcr 2nd, 1909
y ** * * *********************
"'."■      i* -..'■* ""'.:"' *'•*
|   News From the Camps
I -v ^:. •• ■ .''••" '• - .    ••
* From our•- own Correspondents
* ■    i... ■    ...:......:...'... .' '     ' s- ^yl
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* COAL CREEK *
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■The harvest "home, which .was announced to be held In the Methodist
church on Sunday.September 19, and
which was postponed on account of the
death, and'burial of the late, .Mansell
Rees, will talie place,on Sunday first.
There will be no services in the .Presbyterian church ou that day so that
all may be free to attend tho harvest
home services. All are cordially invited. \ Interesting and profitable services are expected.
There was no work for the afternoon
shift at No. 1 mine on Saturday last
through the hoist breaking down.
Mr. and .Mrs, .lolm Smith (uncle)
arrived here on Tuesday lflght from
the old country. .
; Mr. and-Mrs. Daniel" Campbell left
here on Wednesday for Nanaimo.
' President Powell and thc members
of the' district board were' in Coal
Creek this week. They are making
( an Inspection of the mines aiid !it is
understood that an effort is being put
forth to arrive at a price for No. 1
north.  ■ *
Born on Saturday September 25th,
lo Mr. iind Mrs. James Fawley, French
Camp, a daughter.
v   Born, on -Saturday September 25th
to   Mr.   and   Mrs.   Ste.ve   Morris, .   a
* daughter.      ,-..'-
.The Coal Creek ladies aid in connection  with   the   Methodist  church   aro
0 very busy these days, though small in
numbers, and they get through"a large
amount of work; They are now trying to organize a bazaar by the 23rd
of November with the object of rais-
. ing,funds"to add two more rooms to
the minister's house. The - present
two-rooms were quite sufficient, for
; a bachelor minister, but are .inadequate
for one with a wife and'child. The
proposed alterations will cost somewhere in the neighborhood of* $400,*
aM^HenFdI^^ia~iiave~Womisell"'to"
bound for almost forty minutes teaching the people that. Jesus Christ is a
living reality, and that His kingdom on
earth is greater today than ever before in the history of the Christian
church. . The crowded church was a
manifestation of. the people's esteem
for Mr. Grant. The managing board
take this opportunity.of thanking Mr.
Grant for coming to conduct the services and also those members of his
choir who accompanied him and assisted in making the, service still more enjoyable. '
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It affords us much pleasure to report
that Mr.- Scott, has almost'fully recovered from his painful illness, and to
see his stately form'and. smiling face
once more in our streets (?) and Ih our
homes, *
Rev. J. 11. Martin, our late Presbyterian missionary, has returned to pursue his studies at Knox -.college, in.
Toronto. As yet there is nothing definite to publish as to who will be his
successor or when he will arrive-Vin
this place.
Tho output at the mines continues to
increase.      On  AVednesday 1339. cars
John, who has been suffering foj; some
time. ,.;.,' -•'
■■ it is rumored around town that certain members of the board of trade
are opposed to the incorporation of the
town'of Coleman. The .people of
Coleman are not made 'of.the"klnd of
stuff that snivel at the,feet.of one or
two men, and, the town tyill shortly b'e
incorporated because the people say
it shall.   7 •
-.-Sam Turner who*has;been staying
in Coleman for ■ about a. month, has
gone to work'at Frank. ;
President Powell and Qrganizer T.
James arrived in town last Friday:
Powell has been rushing around doing good work.    He and Brovey have
HILLCREST
aik.
interviewed a great many of the Slavs
who have not yet joined the U. M.
AY. of A. He reports them all with the
exception of one or two like Kr'ago or
Bulko, on the point, of coming back to
the old union.
Behold!      The mighty Bulko hath
vanished!
, We don't know where but we don't
expect him to return.. His all Canadian ' Miners Union ' is about broken, hnd we would be pleased to have
a committee appointed with "an independent chairman"-thrown In, to ascertain and make report, io the public of the benefits that'Miave accrued
to those who loft the Uni?ed Mine
Workers and joined the Bulko union."
..We would suggest the "coining new
president" as Independent chairman,
were dumped on the tipple with a \ * President Powell while he has been
tonnage of 1783 tons. This is theji,-, Coleman has done some good work,
best, day's output since the time of thej besides interviewing the Slavs iii their
big-bump some fourteen months ago'owll i10mes he spoke to them in any
now.'    .    ' - " ,-••      . . ,fold spot, he could find them. On Mon-
Mr. and Mrs. James Stewart "return-; day- he held a meeting along     with
ed from their honeymoon on Sunday i Brovev on the hill behind Slav town,
■Mr; Stewart resumed    his,:
No. 5 mine on Tuesday mor-•
Mr. and Mrs. Burrows of the Hillcrest hotel.met with-an accident Saturday morning, while driving * home
from Coleman. The horse ran away
on the slide aiid threw both of the occupants out of the buggy. Fortunately neither of them was-seriously hurt
and at .present are progressing favorably. '• .'pi )   -
' Mr. Percy Porter went to'Coleman
on Saturday to referee a boxing contest there. .       ... *.   '.-
Mr. and Mrs. C. P Hill are expected
back this week from a .visit to several
of the eastern cities, and the citizens
are* looking forward to the arrival, ,as
it is rumored that Mr. Hill has taken
great interest in the.sanitation-of the
eastern towns," and the people of this
town think that they will derive some
benefits in that line when he,, comes
back. Sanitary conditions in Hillcrest
can stand quite-a lot of" improvement
at present.
The largest consignment of coal that
was ever shipped out of Hillcrest was
realized-* last .Monday when the. company shipped 1080 tons of coal, thus
speaking well of the management of
,the mine, *  ' *
Mr. George Martin met with a slight
accident, a few days, ago but he will
be able to resume.his work again in
a few days,
Dr. Allan Ross of Buffalo, N. Y.,
has been appointed by Dr. Malcolmson
to take" charge of the Hillcrest camp.
The appointment has1 been most satisfactory ancl the doctor is getting on
splendidly with the peoplo. '""  '
Mr. W. Taylor late of Coal'Creek,
is building a fine addition to his boarding house here, and it is near comple
tion. Mr., and'Mrs. Taylor are accustomed to this .line of business as they
"Mrs. Frank TCarp and family arrived
here from Fernie and. are going to
raa'.'fi. their home here. ,
' Mik'e.banaher came back here from
Seattle this week.
' The hoys here are, wondering wlv-if
is the matter with Guthro these days,
that he is not trying to enlighten the
boys on the Socialist doctrine, and especially the new comers to town.
■ Mr. D. It. McDonald blew in ' here
last week'from Hosmer and, is now
doing carpenter work on the new wash
house.
Tom Harrison from Frank paid us
a visit last Sunday. <•       . >
A singing competition look place at
Hillcrest. one night last week in which
J. Turnbull of Frank acted as the judge
and the prize was won*, by .Mr. Chas.
Sehdeder. Andy Waugh and several
others from Frank took part in the
competition.
Mr. Turnbull proved himself capable
as an adjudicator and will be, welcomed again here in the'same capacity.
Mr. Andy Good of Crow's Nest made
a flying visit to Hlllyest along with
J. .Macdonald of Frank. __ The , boys
her.e hope they come again and stay
with us for a. whole, week thc next
lime,      . ~ v
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorized $10,000,000
-   Capital Paid Up ... 7 .$5,000,000 * Reserve $5,000,000
D: R. WILKIE, President
HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA ,
Arrowhead, Cronbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Myie, Nelson
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
, SAVINGS DEPARTMENT    . t;
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
evening,
duties at
•*I**S* - '"Ihave-'promised to meet the U. M. W.-
"A painful'sensatlon was caused on ' officials here in dobnte' on Uw propo-
Sunday last by the report of the sud-.js-*tjou aiong AViili Pow*jM. ; <-.*toB.*.her
[things-are   favorable  for  a  complete
turning over from th'e Bulko to the .U.'
den death of Carmlchael McKay, the
well; known fire^ boss at No. 1 raine.-
Fortunatoly the" roport. proved, untrue' but. upon enquiry, we found that
the person who first gave the.report,
gave what he. believed to be the truth.
Mr.McKay went to bed apparently in
good health about 11 p.m.. About j
2.30 Mrs.' AIcNay awoke and found her
husband sitting on the bed side. She
asked him what was the matter-and
which was attended by about, seventy > conducted similar places in Coal Creek
Slavs   and   Polanders.      The, leaders] and Fernie. - „ .
Mr. Alex. McLeod went up to Calgary recently on business.
Fred Porter, brother of Mr. Percy
Porter, . Hillcrest hotel, arrived here
fom Springhiil, Nova Scotia, during the
week. " '.-,.■■
at least'raise $100 of'this amount. They
•hope to stock the bazaar with all
kinds of useful articles such as aprons,
skirts f,or girls, pinafores, white "pinafores suitable for "Christmas presents
bed linen, etc, also all sorts of baby
linen for which there ought to be a
big demand. We never remember a
bazaar here before and we, hope that
the.efforts of the ladles will bo crowned with success. The ladles hold sowing meetings once a week, on Wednesdays at 2 p.m., lea is served at 3.30
■ for which a* small charge of ten' cents
ia made, the procoeds to go to the
bazaar ', fund. Gentlemen are cordially Invited to tea at Mrs, Mawson's,
224 Morrlsey cottages to whom gifts of
articles suitable for the bazaar or donations toward tho same ma); bo
sont. •
A special train left hero on 'Sunday
aftornoon last nt 1,30 p.m. for Fornie
In connection with Haywood's meeting, Quito a largo crowd went with lt.
and wore dellRhtert with what I hoy
heard. Haywood Is a very powerful
speaker who illiiHtrntos IiIh arguments
In a simple, clenr imd coitvlnclng man-*
nor, which tho hlgfiost dull head can
grasp, Wo hope the sceil he'has sown
will bring forth good fr"l* •■» tl10 "0,IV
future.
Tho road lending up to tlio houses
on tho north sldo of tlio Creek Iiiih
now boon lighted from bottom to lop,
nn<l tho llghls aro a docldod Improvement,' and reflect ureal credit on tho
company. A Utile levelling up of lho
footpath now und we will quit urylni*,
about lt.
Tlio contract for the now club Ih out
for (onilerH and iih soon n« lot worlc
will bo niHlioil,
Whon down ui the Luiln'i'i* offlco, u
fow dnyH iiko tho writer of thono hoIdh
wi\h fihown tlio first forty pw-jph of
ProKi-cHHlvo Fornio. The work Ih
nvorylhlng 'tlmt Uio oilllor linn beon
claiming for ll. Thero Ih ii very flno
hlHtory of tlm IVntilo flro written hy
thoso w)io won* IlirouRh It and know
what It wuh like. It Ih bountifully
print od and tlw photo n-proiliii'llmiH
urn Hplonilld. If llm root of thn work
In (H|iinl lo llio firm forty tlion It Ih
tho blKROBt fifty ceiiU worth of liter*
niiirn ovor will mil of Uioho part ft. Uot
your ordor In onrly.
Annlvorsury mirvluuH woro hold   In
the* Pvf,'.,'"'t<,r'*1'' Htnveti nt Priill Pt'onlc
on Ri.ndiiy Dw Wh InHt Ow'i'p to
tlm tllW'HH of our fmtnomod MothodlHt
mlnlHlor, who wnH to officiate nt tho
mornlim Hen-loo, Mr. Walter Joycu
kindly coniiontod to tnko IiIh plnco,
-intl ronrtimtPrt the nr»rvlrp In a manner
which wan biul'ly nppreclntoil by tho
congregation. In Uio ovoning tho
church Ivan flllt'd to Ut utmost Hontlng
capnclty to llmon lo Rov. Mr. Grant of
Kornlo.' Ho took liln toxt In Matthew
Chapter. 10, and versoB 15 nnd 16. lio
Halt!) unto them Hut whom nny y« that
I urn? And -Simon Potor answered
and aald Thou am tho Chrltt. Ihfi Won
of tho hiving Ood.' On this subject
he held his largo congregation spoil
got no l-eplyr^SlrTMcNa^llieirgoroh"-
to his feet and his wife-again asked
him what was.the matter; this time
he replied saying: I'don't know, Lizzie,
there..is something wrong*,with, me.,-
Immediately turning around he: fell j
with a thud to the floor, his head hitting the edge of a box while falling.
Mrs..McNay, without dressing ran to
the nearest neighbor, Mr. .lack Gray,
who immediately returned to the house
with her. Mr. Gray found her husband in a state of unconsciousness and
really believed lilm to be dead. Mr,
Gray's brother who had* now,.arrived
was sent, for tiie doctor. He' did not
know whoro ho lived and had, to inquire of the night watchman in the
mine yard, to whom ho also told his
businoss hence the report, spreading so
rapidly. " Mr. McNay lay unconscious
for ovor an hour, and when, ho commenced to breathe In regular lnannof
he seemed to be In convulsions. However he soon camo' around nnd wont to
bed ngnln, Whilo ho was naturally
n littlo sick nftor the attack ho lm*
provpd so quickly that anyone neelng
him sitting down at IiIh door In thc
ovoning would never lmvo guessed ho
lind,passed through ho serious a time
n fow hours before.
Work has now eommoiu-od in oar-
nest, on tho new Htoro for the Trites-
Wood Co. Tlio contrnclorH nro Mobbi-h.
IJooldiout and DiivIb. Thoy expect, to
have tho roof on hy noxt wook end aiid
tho building completed hy tlio eiiil-of
the present month,
"Mr. John Combo Iiiih boon appoint od
to tlio position of 11 me keeper ut No. ii
mine, mieeomllnK' Mi'* ThoihuH Johob
(roHlKim'il). Mr* FlnluyHon, u new
domuv, Hiiciii'oilH Mr. Combo iih timo
keepm' ut No. !- mine.
l'rof. V, V. Cooper Iiiih JtiHt conclud
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M.' \V. Union.'
On Monday night without even stopping to eat President Powell spoke to
about'one hundred, men on conditions
in Coleman and also '*gaVe a graphic
description of affairs in Edmonton district. He told of the wash houses
without water, windows of doors, of
■how_the_Iaw_calls.lorla_wasIi_hQ.usfi_f_Qr_
twenty men, and that the companies
to avoid the law just keen below that
number. ■ He pointed out. that there j V
were mines with a single shaft, not" "V
many fmilos from the legislative halls. V
of Alberta', and many men will recall V
the sad accident that occurred in that
district three or four years ago through
a mine shaft of this description taking
fire, - He showed how thja. inspectors j
were mere puppets instead of mer
with'a/grave duty to perform, What
we want is [inspectors appointed by
the men who have to wash their hides
in dirty troughs and have to face tho
foul air and other, dangers of the mine,
and only then can we get men whom
wo can truBt, to do their duty.
The houso of Paul Ofner wns the
scene' of fostlvity last Saturday evening, the occasion being the christening of young Paul, Mr. Murray of the
Constitutional •. church "officiating. After the ceremony, was over the tables
were spread with all tho eatables'and
refreshmenth the west produces. After
tho feast Mr. Ofner. furnished Borne music ami Mr. Potoff set the bnll a rolling
with n dnncc. Aftor considerable diversion ln the way of music und other
things Mr. Powoll, who wns Hitting
very quietly, thlnking.no doubt of tho
Slav union, wns culled upon-. He decided afl IiIh portion lo give n recitation ontltled The Madman's Drive. Any
who hnvo not booh the host actors of
lho day ought to hoo nnd hear Powell
give this—-nuf Biild.
81 ovo WiiHHlk, who wuh hurl about
two wools* ago, Ik now out of the hos*
pllnl nnd will bo around again In n few
dnys.
Mi'H. Hrovoy Iiiih boon Hpoiidliig n
few dnyH In Colomnn,  ,
Lust week we said that I lie Coloman
• GEO,  BARTON •
j   EMPRESS   TRANSFER   |
{Draying j
A   Furniture Moving a Specialty   |
• I
A   '.-■   WOOD OF ALL KINDS §
WO 5
f     Leave Orders with W.  Keay     5
| - ' @
Z PHONE   78 A
of Canada
Head Office:
TORONTO
,8 King Street West
^'♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦.•^♦^^♦♦-^♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^
NEW PIANO PARLORS
Will beopened in, the Miners Union Opera House Block on,Monday
"O ct o b e r~r.  : '—'" .       ■      ~^     ■  ,**   o   .   ■	
Heintzman & Co. Pianos
Canada,'s[ Most Famous Instrument   ;
The name doee.. not make the piano, but the piano makes the
name. You will readily understand this when you see, hear and examine the different styles of pianos now on exhibition in my new
store. Open evenings.
*     ,     . ti . ,
M. J/Villert Elley   '      Dist. Mgr. Fernie
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Money may be safely sent abroad, to any
part of the (world,  through the British  or
, Foreign Correspondents of the Home Bank.
The National Bank of Scotland,  London,  Eng. '
The National Park Bank -.    New York
The Merchants Loan & Trust Co Chicago
The Shawmut National Bank Boston
The Home Savings Bank Detroit'
•' Tae Union Bank ot Australia Melbourne
James Mason
General Mannger
W. ,C. B. Manson
^Manager,    Fernie
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•^♦♦♦♦♦-^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^^
Our First Display of Fall Millinery
will take place on
Friday   and   Saturday
Next -Week
We are showing some of the latest novelties
of Paris and New York.     Watch for our
Grand Opening in our new store in  ,
Henderson block at an early date
The  MISSES   EULER
unity
1
od ii moHl InH-TUHllim und limlruellvo|boyH   were Kfl"R '« "Mlrhnl li folch
tho cup bnck, und so thoy did, Tho
roHiilt uh Ih now, woll known, wiih two
KonlH to ono In (nvor of Colomnn, Tho
HcoroAvniild.litivo lii***n moro but limy
did not wnnt to mnlu* Dw Frank lonm
Rorlt-H of lofilurt'H In llm Coal Crook
MolhodlHt eliurcli. Iln Ih nn nxcull*
out oiitortiiliKM- niul nn orator of no
inonn cnlllnv. IIIh loeturoH nro of- n
blub (Mluciillonul Htaniliiril und cannot
fnll to uccomiillHli nnd ImmenHurubl*' feci too hnd
nmount of nood. Tho I'rofoHHor outfit
(o rocolvo tl"' hourly foopernllon of
nil publio mlut'iiilonullHlH nud ovory*
ono hitoroHtuil lu llm world'** boat
wolf nro.
First oIiihh board ami-1 nblo board;
monl tlckoth *$.* al FiilrcloiiBji'H Bonrd*
Iiir IIOUHO, 170*180, opposite Football
irrnmiilfl. Conl Cronlc,
**************************
\        .* OOLEMAN j;
***************************
Tho International Conl and Coko Co.
has laid off ono Bhlft of company mon
for a fow wookH. „ .
' J, Hilling nntl family hnvo loft Colo*
man for Arkansna, whoro llioy Intonil
to niako thoir homo, Ho notified hin
IrluniU b«for« lm loft that lm would
look out for a fn«t trnln an noon n* ho
•struck tlio fltuto llnu,
J. Uniworth nml wlfo lmvo gono to
IvCtbbrldg* to commit a doctor about
riio WoHtorn Cuunillnn Co-Opcrntlvo
TrndliiK compnny of Colomnn hold
lliolr Homl-unnunl nli.n* IioIiIoch imi-i-lliiv,
lriHt Sundny iu tlio tnlnciH hnll whon
tlu; iiudltoi-H roport wiih rond, nud ro*
commondatlmiH from tho commit toon
HUhmlttod. it wim Hhown Unit, thn
Htrlko hiiH..nffuclui\ tho profits to n
ooi'tnln ovlimt, lull nnl «n muoli nH lo
mako tlm Htoro In a woro position than
provloiiHly. Thu Htoro Ih in u bottor
portion now thnn ovor nnd ut proHont
Ib advancing hy lonpn nnd IiouiuIh. Tho
commlttoo rocttnimondod tlmt il pur
cont be. pnld on tlio Hlmro cnpltnl nnd
fl por cent, to nou-Nhnro IioIiIith for lho
KoodK purchased.
Ton per cont wns pnld to Hhnrohold*
oi-H on goodfl puroliniiod. TIiIh will
bo pnld to Bharoholdom.   "
AH. nrngon and Charlie Roblmon
met In thc hall on Saturday to fl&ht
flftoon rounds but In Iho flr«t round
lliu Italian bioko hU wiUt und Dw
fight wn» called off In favor of Kohln*
non.
zwr.
-:".!•
School   Books
and School Supplies
\
To purchase just the goods you want now at considerably less
than the regular, prices. We have odds and ends in the following lines which we want to clear out before the season Is entirely over. On some, Items the price is cut In half, while on
others the reduction is smaller, but every line offered represents
exceptional value.
SCREEN DOORS AND WINDOWS ,
POULTRY NETTING
1 ONLY REFRIGERATOR
FISHING TACKLE INCLUDING JUST 5 RODS •
GRAS8 CATCHERS,,,
ICE CREAM FREEZERS
SICKLES, SCYTHES
LAWN   8HEARS,   ETC.
Most of these lines are sampled In our  windows
Come In and let us quote you.
this     week.
Whimster & Co.
HARDWARE
m_mm_mBm
TINSMITHING
PLUMBING
\iiir*
iiMvy
■TipII    ©*f*ni(f*lr
• -Man       **•	
on hand at right prices
PALACE   DRUG STORE
A. W.  Bloasdoll     Phono 18
Tho Fornio Opora House
Wednesday Oct. 6th.
Gorton's  Famous
f
Minstrels
8    Export Dancors    Jolly Comedians    O
Accomplished Vocalists ©
Six Big Specialties
elegant  -Scenic   and   electrical   ettocts
Gorton's  Celebrated  Band  of Solo
Musicians
Superb   Concur 1$
Noon       and       Evenings
Grand  Street   Parade
K!1 j-mw
Scats on Salo at Suddaby's
Rtacrvad 8oat« 78c. & 91.00 Don. AdmlMlon Soc
■•«
\ PAGE SIX.
TME bisTRICt LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.  C.  OCTOBER 2 1909
tuxSt^seafaKbosas^seMtauAmi.
NEW RACE FOUND
IN THE NORTH
Had Never Seen White Man-Are
o*
Sturdy People, Resembling the
Old Time Indian
SAN  FRANCISCO,   Sept.   30.—  On'    The newly discovered natives, who
board the whaler Jeannettei which ar- call themselves Nunacaotics,   are tall
rived in the port yesterday, heavily
laden with furs, blubber and tales of
the frozen north, was J. Bower, „an
Arctic explorer, who reports the discovery of a new tribe of people never
.before seen by the eyes of a white
man. The new tribe of Eskimos, according to Bower, lives on a point of
Prince Albert Land,
and look like the North American Indians.
Tbe explorer was warmly welcomed
by the strange tribesmen and he received many rich and valuable furs
from them. » ,
On this trip Bower lost an eye by
a spider bite,
ACCIDENTAL
DISCHARGE
KILLS
Young- Lad of Six Killed
by Brother—Had Gun
on Shoulder
(Lethbridge Herald)
Milton Brown, aged six years, son of
John M. Brown, of Kipp Coulee, south
of Raymond, was the victim of a fatal
accident on Saturday. He was walking
behind his brother who was carrying a
loaded double barrelled shot gun. The
gun slipped ancl the brother pulled it
" up, and the trigger caught in his suspenders, and the gun discharged, the
full charge going into the head of the
little brother. * ■*'   '
Medical aid was summoned and every attention was given but. it was
seen that he could not survive. He
died on Sunday morning at five o'clock. =
honor G-. H. V. Bulyea, lieutenant
governor of the province of Alberta,
Hon. A. C. Rutherford, premier of the
province of Alberta; Hon. C. N. Cross,
attorney general of the province of
Alberta, and Hon. \V. If, Cushing, minister of public works of the province
of Alberta.
THE
STANDARD'S
,      NUMBER
SOUVENIR
The Montreal Standard's Special
Number has come to hand, and is'a
most creditable production. It has a
magnificent cover in colors, painted
by one of Canada's best known artists.
The number contains nearly 150 half
tone plates devoted to subjects of
general interest, and, has two surjerb
panoramic views of Montreal suitable
for framing. The printing is first
class, and we understand that many
thousands of the issue havo been sent
to friends abroad.   '
August, as August is the latest data
we have this year. 7
Averag-j -
Year       ,   , - No. menibei s'
1904,
1905
1906
1907
1908
251,593
258,244
221,168
: 248,218
243,644
GROWTH OF UNIONS ABROAD
1909     .. -..   ..-     262,747
Previous to my administration the
highest average paid membership from
January to August for each month was
in 1905 when it reached 258,244. ' For
the eight months this year ending-with
August' the average monthly paid
membership is 262,747. This shows
that we have received per capita tax
on an, average of 4,503 members "more
for each of the eight months of this
year than for any other year in the
history of tbe organization.    ■•'',
It Is a well known fact that industrial conditions this year and last were
a great ileal worse than in the year
1905 when he had our highest paid-up
membership previous to this year.
The information is given to you in
order that you can analyze it for
yourselves and pass judgment on the
truthfullness of the reports, that are
being circulated that discontent and
dissension is Increasing in the organization.
It is but fair to you to call your attention to the fact that some of the
same men who attempted to discredit
our work last year are the leaders In
circulating reports this year which are
calculated to arouse the feeling of
distrust or doubt in.your minds and to
that extent to do injury to our organization.
We are expected to arrange wage
agreements next year and my • time
will be taken up preparing for any issues that,may present themselves at
the time when we negotiate our- new
agreements.      *
I will have no time to answer all of
the things that may be said^and circulated. You should demand from
the fault finders of the organization
the proof, of .what they say. Any information you wish from this office
will be gladly furnished.    " • ■
I invite and ask for the most rigid
investigation of my official work during this year..
With the sincere hope that every
member will feel il his duty to become
active in building up the organization
:     fa the most efficient and^y#
perfect of leavening agents*
MA»E FROM PURE CREAM OF TARTAR
- ■■;  , ■   ,■      -, * '      ■-.-■-.*
No alum, lime or ammonia.
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D.'D. S.^
DENTIST.    v'
.  Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours,9-12; .1-5;' 6.a0-7.30. Phone 72
rernie
B.' C.
W. R. ROSS,K.C.
Barrister   and Solicitor
Fernie, B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
.BARmSTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
•y*-^MP»*****»V»V¥¥¥*¥^¥ ¥»»¥¥¥»■»¥ ¥•*■¥■¥¥•■¥»*■¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥•*••■¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥■
l— — _ ——
Sunday School Q^fn^m
, ffT  On the Lesson by the Rev. Dr. Linscott for the International
Tl    Newspaper Bible Study Olub.        ,
^"••••^•■j^Tfr^^
OCTOBER  3  1909
Acts
RESOLUTION
A compilation of trades union.sta-
tictics in the principal countries of the
world places the number of members
in good standing at 9,000,000 or 1,000-
000 more than last year. Germany
contributed a gain of 400,000, which |'and Preparing for next year, with my
outstrips Great Britain and nearly ov-jbest wishes to you all, I remain your
ertakes the United States.  • At this! very truly.   ' .'***   -
Of the United Mine Workers of America,  assembled  nin the    City    of
Lethbridge, September 20 1909
Whereas, by an'act of Parliament,
_hQlng_chapter__L7_o£_an-act,.to_amend,
the Coal Mining Act, for the purpose
of limiting   hours of work below the
ground it is enacted as follows:
"Subject to' the provisions of this act
a workman shall not be below ground
for the purpose of his work, or going
to or from his work, or be allowed to
be below ground for that purpose for
more than 8 hours during any consecutive 24 hours."
And whereas in^ihe said act tho
Lieutenant, governor in council may,
in the event of,a great emergency or
of any great economic disturbance, due
to the demand for coal exceeding the
supply available at the time, by order
in council suspend thcoporntion of this
act to such an extent and for such
period as may be named In the Order, either In respect to conl mines or
any class of conl mines.
And wherens recently the lieutenant
governor In council hnd made un ordor purporting to direct the machine
men In mincR to work more thnn the 8
hours por day below ground;
And whereas the members of the
United Mlno Workers of America in
the City of Lethbridge, In the province
of Alborta, wore nn8cmbleil by tho
district prcHldent W. II. Powoll to n
meeting held ln the snld city of Loth*
bridge, on tho 20th dny of Septombor
1909;
It wnn unanirnouHly resolved at that
mooting.to protest 'walnut tuo ordor*
In council niiulo on tho ground thnt
there iIh no crave economic disturbance duo to tho demand for conl exceeding the avilablo .supply at tin;
present tlmo. nnd thnt there Is no
Brnvo omnrsoncy rolling upon nny
number of mon to work moro limn 8
hours per dny.
It wns further resolved thnt the
mombors of tlio United Minn Workers
of Amorlcn, District No. 18 In tlm district of Lc'thbrld*-*-.! aro not mlrcrsc to
tlio opnrntorH workhiK thrco shlftH of
8 lioiif'H ff tlioy .wish to do so, so Ioiik
at lho men upon tlm ono shift shnll nol
bo obliged lo ko (o work on nuotlier
shift,
It wns further resolved thnt n copy
of this resolution bo forwarded to his
time United States and Canada have
about 2,300,000 members, whereas in
Germany there are 2,215,000, The unions of Great Britain were accredited
with a membership, of 1,888,000 last
year. Five European countries have
more trades "union members than the
state of New York, but New York outranks Russia, Hungary and Spain as
well as the smaller countries.— The
"IDENTITY   OF   INTERESTS."
'  *     '  .-      '.,     '
■ Once upon a time there was a wolf
who came to the sheep to offer his services as shepherd,
Do you suppose he showed his teeth
and talked about his appetite? iVot
at all,     He addressed him thus:
"My dear sheep, I am~^as, you know
—a "strict vegetarian.     Your interests
T. L. Lewis
President U. M. W. of A,
THE "RUNAWAY GIRL"
"The Runaway Girl" will* be one bf
the attractive bills in the repertoire of
ihe_j5an._Francisco Opera. Company
this .season. The Province of Vancouver in its issue of August 12th said
"A Runaway Girl" at tho * Empress
Is playing to,capacity houses nightly.
This delightful musical comedy is entertaining from the rise to the fall
of the courtnin.- Its refutation as
one of the greatest successes ever
produced in the Gaiety Theatre, London, is* aptly justified when one listen's to the tuneful gems that follow
The comedy Is
Paul a., Prisoner—The Arrest.
21: 17 to 22: 29..'
Golden Text:—Thou therefore endure hardships as a good soldfer of
Jesus Christ. 2 Tim. 2-3.
Verses 17-19.—Why Is it that there
is no, class of people who so love
each other, and rejoice in each other's fellowship as real earnest Christians.
, Why did the,Christians at Jerusalem receive Paul so gladly?
. Paul told them about the wonderful
things "which • God- had wrought
through his ministry among, the Gentiles. Should Christians always tell
each other of the victories of .their
faith and works, or is it liable to engender* pride and look like boasting?
Verses 20-22.—Does a good man always "Glorify God" at the success of
others ?
What either among men or angels,
is the greatest cause for joy? (See
Luke 15-7) ,  . >
What is it, a sign of, when a person
criticises or is not glad when he learns
of the goodness of another?
Could a Christian, either then or
now, be full of .the Holy'Spirit ,if
at the same time he was guided by,-or
"Zealous of tlie law?" ,   *.
In bridging the two dispensations,
is it likely that God, so to speak,* winked at the Apostles trying-to graft the
Iaw_ of Mose*ilnta_Christianity,_or_was
October 10th 1909
Acts
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
H. W.  HERCHMER
*
Barrister and Solicitor
T. BECK BLOCK FERNIE B.C,
and. mine are identical.     Let us com , , .        , „
bine to defend our interests against jone a"°]t,her rap,d1/"    ,,   ,„ 1U     ,
those wicked Socialist bunny rabbits ^,r>'ludcr°us a,ndIITeddytWe^b„!S n
who are nibbling up all the. grass in tniat.eB.J? ^ Ieadl"S roI° °f,. p»?;
the place, and nre bent upon undermining tho foundations of society."
The sheep agreed, tho rabbits bolt-,   ,   ,, ...       ,       ._    *  ,,
ed into the burrows and the wolf bolt-1 Aioatly to the strength .of the com
ed-the sheep..-From "Those Wwt- ,\a.n5'*     Char,0B Couture slng8 splend
per." He is more than usually well
supported by the company as there
are  several  new members that  add
ched Rates."
OFFICIAL CIRCULAR
Mlno
To tho members of the United
Workers of America:
Rrotherfl nnd Fellow Workers:
Mueh Ih bolng snld nbout tho discord nnd discontent within the ranks
of our organization.
If those reports wero really true,
you ns members of tlm United Mlno
Workers would hnvo just ennso for
nlatrn, bocauso your Interests collectively nro paramount nnd of moro importance thnn lho Interests of nny In-
dividual.
If the motives of thoso men who
nre circulating tho reports of discord
nnd dissensions within our mill's wore
sincere nnd honont thoro might bo
some justification.for tliolr action.
According to the reports being dr-
milntod, one would bo lend to bulbvn
thnt llm Unitod Mlno Workors organization Is rupldly goln*; lo destruction,
It. Is but fnlr tn you Hint you should
hnvo such Information nn will onnblo
you to determine (Ills question to youi
own mil Infliction,
I hid Imrewltli giving you Information tnken from our records nt tlm not*
loimi office, Tli It-; tiifoniiiilloii. covorN
n period of six yonrs nnd gives tho nv
eniKe number of puld up members lot*
ench of the eight muni lm during (lint
period iK'f-lrmliiK wltli llm month nt
Jimunry nud ending with tlm month of
idly nnd Amy Leicester, James Mnck
nntl Alexander Dale are all good. The
scenery nnd costumes are. elaborate
and mnke the production a most, ' attractive one." Fernfe opera house on
Octobor 13.
GJLTY.
J»   Do You Feel This Way?
j^J™yr    H**. «••>•,( Ut\ all   t'rtJ cut*?   flo ;••-■_ tciT.et!.ra*-3
"They My thnt everythine he
touchel turns to gold"
"They mean that he will turn to
anythlnn If he Is touched with gold*
LOOKING INTO
LAKE OF FIRE
t
DARING   FEAT   OF   PHOTOGRAPHERS IN HONOLULU
ISLAND.       .
think you fust can't work swey tt your profee*
•ion or cride »ny (onjer r   Uo you have t poor tpf
tite, •nd liy eweVe et ni/bu unable lo sleep P  Are
your nerve* til -(one, end your ilomaeh too P  Hu tm*
bition to forge ■heid in the world left you?   H io, yoo
mi*lit •• well put « itop to your miiery.   You eari do it U
you will.    Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery will
U4*i.C )<s4U *. lilStttimi toa^wJ-u,    Ii mill Wi V<4>M 1-u.y I'.tU
to work, it will Mt thinf! rifht in your itomaen, and
your appetite will come back. It will purify your blood.
II there it any tendency in your family toward conimnptloo,
It will keep that dread destroyer away. Even alter eon*
lumption bai almost Jained ■ loolbold in the form ol •
linferinf coutfi, bronchitii, or bleeding at the tun-ft, It will brinf about a
eure in 98 per cent, ol alt ct*et, It ii a remedy prepared by Dr, R. V. 1'lerce,
of liulfilfi, N. V., who«e adtikt it ifa*n frtt to all who whh.,to write him. Hia
(rest iucccm hai come (rom hit wide experience and varied practice.
Don't be wheedled by a ptnny-frtbblnf dealer Into taklsf inferior tubitl*
tutet for lit. I'ierce't medicinet. recommended to be "jutt at good," Ur.
I'ieree't medicinet are oh inown couroimoN. Their every ingredient printed
on their wrapper*. Made from roott without alcohol. Contain no habit**
forminf dru£t.   World'• Diipentary Medical Attocittion, lluffalo, N. Y.
HONOLULU, «n|)t. ilU-M. L, Halo,
,1, KoynoliU nud Hnmst .Moses, photo*
graph-**™, dn-Bcondvd today Into th-? pit
of the* orator of Mount Kllancnu, re-
mnlnlng hnlf nn hour on tho odgn of
.,  j "m..,- «.,*.,    .r x.,y.  ...,1   #i         ti_.i„
Ia tho flmt tlmo (tint thin font Iiiih
been accomplished.
Tho momborH of tho pnrty ventured
ulrnoflt to tho rim of tho nooihlng lnko
und attempted lo tako photogrnphH.
Tlio bent watt intense and nt thin
Ihe ndrnninrort walked over pr-rtffi'Iy
molten nri-nn. Aftor completing tho
nliKfrvfltloriH thoy returned «nfely to
Dw rim nf lb<* crnler •wlicr*" hnlf n
dozen friend* had wltnosiiod tho Ail-
scent. Kllauri-Bu In one of the I«rg-
t'tt active volcanoes In tho world.
it God's plan that Jewish Christians
should.,still keep the law?
Is'lt likely that even James and the
elders at Jerusalem knew of the full
liberty of Christ's gospel, or that
"the law" was to be abandoned? See
Gal. 5: 1-6. Heb.S: 8-13'et sop.)
Verses 23-26. Did James and the
elders give Paul good advice in this
matter of the vow and shaving their
heads, and can you conceive it as
possible that they, we're directed by
God in the advice they gave?
Did Paul do a wise thing to join
with'these four men in the'rantter of
the vow, and whnt he must have
known to be a useless ceremony ln
connection therewith?
Paul in one place states in substance that ho became all things to all
men that he might win them to
Christ.
H,ow fnr cnn wo caryr out this principle without being gullyt of decopt?
Ion? (See 1 Cor. 9. 20.)
* Verses 27*28.—What is the difference between a Chrlsttnn who, from
prejudice speaks ovll of another Christian, and thoso Jews who spoko falsely, of Paul?
Versos 29*30.—Should wo over form
on opinion or spread a rumor from
more appenrancos?
Which generally raises tho moro
excitement and why: A rumor of
something vory. good, or of something
very bad about n man?
' Verses 32*40-—What Is It In human
nature which makes one class or race
or political party or religious body, u
cruel against another class or race, o*
political party or religious body when
their passions get etlrrod? (This
question must be answered In writing
by members of the club.)
Chap. 22; 1*5—Ought tho fact thnt
Paul had onco boon ono of UieniHolvPS
and had chnngod to bo a Chlmtlan,
from convictions of duty to God, to
liavo glvon lilm favor with, God foar*
Ing nny rpnooiinblo mon?
Vorfios 6-21; In tlio narration of our
poi'Honal Christ Inn exporlonco a duty,
nnd Ih It nn offoctunl wny to proncli
tho goHpol to HlnnorH, and a help to
ballovors?
Horo In a man with hatred ln his
heart for .Tonus, on n mission of porno*
cut Ion lo Johiis folio wort*; on tho rond
bo hooh:
A gront light from honvon,   ,
Uo In Htrlckon down to tho ground;
Ho Ib Hpokon (o by Jostis;
I la uHkK JCHtin who ho In;
Johiw nnHWors hl» rinontlons;
Thoso with him saw tho light but
honrd nnt tlm vrtlriv
,   Hn nskH .Tobuh whnt     lio     shall
do;
Jesus told hint to go to Damnscus
and he should thor* got full Instructions;
Ho Is blind nnd led by tho hand to
Paul a Prisoner.—The Plot.
22: 30 to   23:35. -     '    .       .
Golden Text: I will say of the Lord
He is my refuge and my fortress; my
God, in Him will I trsut. Ps. 91:2.
Verse 30.—Which showed the fairer
spirit toward, Paul, the Roman chief
Captain or the Jews?*
If you had to be tried on a questsion
of religious doctrine basing your decision on history, which court would
you select, a committee of secular
judges or, a committee of professional
priests?   ■   . '
Verses i-2: What was it, in .Paul's
opening statement, which caused'the
high priest to have him slapped on the
mouth?
When Christians these days profess
to live all the time well pleasing to
God. is it a popular testimony with
average. Christian people?
Why'did the high priest object to
Paul's profession of having "lived in
all good conscience before God"?   .
Is it possible and is,it the duty of
every Christian to live all the time,
"with a good conscience before
God?"    ' '-'•.
Verses 3-5: When either pope, bishop, priest or parson' acts like, a demagogue, why should he not receive
the treatment which should be due to
a demagogue'?        •
Should the fact that a bad man is
on the bench, or at the bar or in the
pulplt._secure_for_him_the_r.espect._of
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 6; 6 to 8.
°, Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER W
**    *1'
A. McDougall, Mgr .   '
O .        „   ..-■• ■       ,,
■■ '      , ,     ■   * o *.*
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough
• i *'    >
*   and Dressed Lumber
Send us jour orders
KENNEDY & MANGAN
Lumber  Dealer
W. A. CONNELL
' Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
Fernie
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
KING'S HOTEL
All kinds of rough nnd dressed himbei
Victoria Ave.
North Fernie
Secretaries of Local Unions
DISTRICT 18   U. M. W. of A.
Bar supplied with  tlie  best Wines,
%   Liquors and Cigars
DINING ROOM  IN  CONNECTION-
JOHN PODBIELANCIK; Prop/
, Ashcroft Mines, Lethbridge No. 1337
—Thomas Grey.
Bankhead No. 29—Thos.  Bradley
Bellevue No. 431—rt. .Livett.
Blairmore 2163—G. Kelley
Canmore
Angell..   ,
. .Coleman,
ham.
Park    Local    1387.—W.
No. 2633—William  .Gra-
Carbonado No. 2688—James Hewitt.
Cardiff No. 2378—A.* Hammond.
Cardiff No^ 279—F. K. St. Amini
Corbin' No. 2877—A. Hamilton
■j****
No  2540—A.   Matt-
good men; for the sake of the office
or of "the cloth"?
,- Verses 6 10: When Faul saw the
spirit of this Jewish council did he
probably change, the style .* of ' his
address to them and if ho did so, why
would*.he? . *
. When a jury is packed or prejudiced
against the prisoner. a»id ,.there in no
hope for acquittal, whii* is tin next
best thing for the prisoner,.' *.o aim
for? ■    ■
Paul's defence was clearly tho truth
but was lt the whole truth?
Is it always-wise or right to tell the,
whole truth?
What was PauJ's real crimo from
the standpoint of the Jewish council?
What  was tho difference between
the belief of tho Pharisees,, and the
Sadducees as lo Immorality?
What good reason is thero fov the
belief thnt tho' soul will1 llvo after
death,?
What did P/iurB tactics result in,
bosldos dividing up the onomy?   . *
Is it olwhys or sometimes true that
"when rogues fall out honest men get
their 'duos," and how did lt work out
In this caso?
Verso li.—Does God don.irally tlmo
Ills visits to us when \v.> nood Mlm
niout?
In whnt guise or shape did tho Lord
appenr lo Paul and how did ho sponk
to him?
Thoro Is no wny to tnko tho miraculous out, of tho Now TOBtnnv'iit,
without destroying it, now In viow bf
that fact why did not Qod roficuc
Paul In this lnstanco, ns he did from
tbo prison nt Phlllppl?
Cnn you traco any rulo by which
Qod was governed In performing Now
Testament miracles?
• VorsoB 12-1C—Whnt wna tho plot
which wnn formed to bring nboul
Paul's death?
Ih It posfllblo that thono,forty mon
with mich a murdorouB intont, couM
think that thoy woro doing God's
sorvlco?
Vernon lfl-2-l—How wni* thin mim-tor*
out plot fruHtriUfld?.
How em you trace Ood'i hand In
this natural deliverance) as clearly at
If It had been done miraculously V
(This question must be answered iu
writing by members of the club.)
Vernon 25*30—Whnt fault can :*oi
find, or what cnn you condomn In
thn actions of (IiIb Claudius Lytva*
from Htnrl to flnlHh?
Voi'hoh 31-36—Wna Paul Just m
much.. under tho lovlnn enro of Qod
nnd worn IiIb bout Intbrosts bolnv
served junt tho Ramo ns If ho hnd
h\wi\ ut llljcrt**!'
Lesson for Sunday, Oct. 17th, J90*.
Paul a Prisoner.—Ilcforo T**>li<r» \cic
"t
HOTEL FERNIE
, The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Conimcrcial*
and Tourist House
 / ,	
twmmaammmmLwaeaamaamamwnmm^mmmammmmeewmmmmamaaM
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Edmonton  City
hews. P.O. 13*14.
Edmonton" NoTT
2 Frazer Flats.
"1329—A"Sf r^J u I lany
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
soe us once
Fernie No. 2314—D. Rees.
, Frank, No. 1263—Wa|tei; Wrigley.
Hosmer No. 2497—J. W. Morris
Hillcrest No. 1058—J. O, Jones
Kenmare N,D,    No. 2850—J.    E.
Lansberry.*
i*       o, .     ,      "
Lethbridge No. 574—Mike Pilishak
Lille No. 1233—J. T Griffith
Maple Leaf No. 2829—J.   Bonacci.
(via Bellevue)
Michel No. 233-1—Chas. Gamer
Passburg 2352— Miles Isltt,
No. 2589—Charles
Royal Collieries
Smith. '
Roche Percee No. 2672-
Quarrie.
■Lachlan Mc*
8trathcona, Ed. 2155—A. Shaw.
Taber No. 102—Wm, Russell
Taber No. 1959—Hop, Evans
Taylorton, No.  2648— H.  Potter.
Woodpecker    No.    2209.—William
Lowe,
GRAVETT BROS.
DRAYING TKANNFKR
Ilnggngt* (lellvcieil   to  nny
'      imrt of Uu* city,
LEAVE ORDERS AT INGRAM'S
0, W. DAVEY & CO., Props.
Ananias restoron his night and Rivor
blm Instruction as to what ho must
do;
He Ih baptized.
Now what aro tho mont striking features in this oxporjenro of Pnul'a con*
vorslnn? :l
Vithoh 22*29—1)1(1 I'auV* oxporionco
Htlr t))f*lr iiriKi-r. bernunn thoy did not
believe Mr u•alimony or borauao tbey
thought It u-as truo and thnt It was
likely to cause Mb release by the
Romans?
NOTtr.P
IN tbo mailer ot an application tor
tho Issuo of a duplicato cortlflcnto of
Titlo to lot 15 block 21 town of Fornio
(Map 734.)
Notico Is horoby given that It Is my
Intention to Issuo at tho oxplratlon of
ono month after tho first publication
hereof n duplicato of tho certlflcato of
titlo to tbo nbovo mentioned lot in
tho namo of Michael J, Caioy, John
Robert Ross ond William A. Ross,
which  certificate  Is  dated  Ihe f.th
FERGUSON
Hoi©!
Man toy & Lawrence
Proprletora
(It; Tlxlfd Av-anua
Hear tenee* tt
OINTRALLV LOOATKD
8oattlo        -     Wash
Waldorf Hotel
NOW IN NEW QUARTERS
day of October 1007 and numbered
WiA.
HU R. JORAND,
District Registrar
Und Registry office Nelson, B. C.,
Table Unexcelled
Diir hii|i|)llc<l willi tin* flnoht
brands of Wlni'M, Liquors
nnd CIuuvh
MRS. S. JENNINGS, Prop.
(Formerly of (Jentml Hotel)
))
I
t
I
Ledger Ads Pay I •"
/'
the district; Ledger, fernie, b. c. October 2 1909
PAGE SEVEN
NOTICE
i j *
Y
D)
l\
h
!
\
notice of assignment
; NOTICE is hereby given that pursuant to the Creditors'' Trust" Deeds
Act, 1901, and Amending Acts, Alexander A. Gillespie, carrying on business
as a merchant in the city of Fernie, in
the Province of British Columbia, did,
on the 7th day of September, 1909, assign all his personal estate, credits
and effects which may, be-seized and
sold under execution to Cornelius -E.
Lyons of the said. City of Fernie, accountant, for the benefit of his,creditors.   • "'■■■."■'
,'• And notice is hereby given that.a
meeting,of, the creditors.of the said
debtor will be held in thVoffice of
Messrs. Eckstein. &.McTaggart; Eckstein building, Ferril'o, B. C, on the
21st day of September, 1909, at the
hour of four o'clock in the afternoon.
All 'persons having claims against
the said debtor are required to forward particulars of tho same, duly
verified, to the assignee at Fornie, B.
C, on or before the 9th day of October 1909.
And notice is hereby given tbat after'that date the assignee, will proceed
to .distribute the proceeds of the estate; having regard only to the claims
of which he shall have received notice,
and he will not be responsible for the
assets or any part thereof so distributed to any person or persons of whoso
debt he * shall not then have received
notice.
Dated this 8th day of September,',A.
D. 1909.
Eckstein & McTaggart
Solicitors for the Assignee.
A complete line of samples of
Fall Suitings .and
Overcoatings
Worsteds, Serges
. *.*• and Tweeds   (
Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
J."-C. KENNY
I Calgary <
I      Gattle
I         Co.
All kinds of
Fresh   Meats
on .hand
Bacon, Hams, Fish,
Lard, Eggs and
Butter
Give us a trial
For Sale
100 tons of g'ood
Upland
Baled Hay
W. E, Barker, Cayley, Alta.
ft
ivoma
ooooooooooo OV OOOOOOOOOOO
Author of "The Prisoner of Zenda
^
__=
- oooooooooooooooeaoooo,
, €«pnigbt isos* ABlhony Hope Hawldit*
LuxoTitch was the guide ana bad no
lack of counsel; from lads who ..knew,
tbe hills as well as their sweethearts'
faces. He rode.first, and, while they
were on the bridle path, they followed
in single file, walking tbelr horses or
leading them. Sophy and Dunstanbury
rode behind, with Basil Williamson
and Henry. Brown just In front of
them. In" advance, some hundreds of
yards, Peter Vasslp acted as scout,
coming back from time to time to ad-
rise Lukovitch that the way was clear.
The night fell fine and fresb. but It
was very dark. /That, did not matter.
The men of Volsenl were like cats for
teeing ln the dam. '
. Tbe first ten miles passed slowly and
tediously, hut without mistake or mishap. They halted on the edge of the
plain an hour before midnight and took
rest and food. Each man carried prov!*,
sion 'for two days. Behind them now
rose the steep hills whence tbey, had.
come, before them stretched thc wide
plain, away on their left was Slavna,
straight ahead < Mlklevnl, the goal of
their pilgrimage.. Lukovitch moved
about, seeing that every man gave
heed to his horse and had his equipment and his weapons in good order.
Then came the word to remount and
between 12 and 1, with a cheer hastily
suppressed, the troop' set forth at a
good trot over tbe level ground., Now
Williamson and Henry Brown fell to
the rear with three or four Volsenlans
lest by any chance or accident Sophy
should lose or be cut off from the main
body. Lukovitch and Peter Vasslp
rode, together at the bead. / i ■
To. Dunstanbury that ride by night
through the,spreadlng plain was wonderful, a thing sufficient ln itself without regard to Its object or Its Issue.
He bad seen some service before, and
there* was the joy of that. He had
known the comradeship of a bold enterprise; there was the exaltation of
that He had taken great risks before;
there was the excitement of that The
night had ere now called him to the
saddle, and It called now with all Its
fascination. His blood , tingled and
burned with all these things. But
there was more. Beside him all tbe
way was the figure of Sophy dim in
the darkness and tbe dim silhouette of
her face—dim, yet, as it,seemed, hardly blurred; its pallor stood out even ln
the night   She engrossed his thoughts
n-nA    uniiWBAil     V*lr*    nrtn j*i*>»1-*?i 4 \**.w% rt ■"
-»"U- t-**iJu 1 ft >wu-uio-u^i;\,uiu*iivuO( y
Wbat thoughts dwelt in* her? Did
she ride to death and was it a death
she herself courted? If so, he was
sworn in bin soul to thwart her, even
to his own death. She was not food
for death; his soul cried, passionately
protesting against that loss, that Impoverishment of the world. Why had
they let her come? Sho was not a-wo*
man of whom that could be asked
therefore lt was that his mind so hung
on ber wltb nn attraction, a fascina-.
tion, an overbearing curiosity, The
men of Volseni seemed to think" lt
natural that sho should come. Tbey
knew her, then, better than ho dldl
Save for the exchango of n fow
words now and then about the road
they had not talked, no had respected
ber silence. But sho spoke now and,
to his great pleasure, less sadly than
be had oxpected. Her tone was light
nnd witnessed to n whimsical enjoyment which not even memory could
altogether quench.
"This Is my first war, Lord Dun-
ntanbtiry," she said. 'Tbo flrst timo
I'vo taken the field in person at the
head of my men I"*
"Yes, your majesty's,first campaign.
May it bo glorious!" bo answered, suiting bis tono to hers,
"My first and my last, I suppose.
Woll, I could hardly havo looked to
huvo oven ono—Jn thoso old days you
know of—could I?"
"Frankly, I never expected to hold
my commission as an array ofllcor from
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
*2s&*imr*mma*m*m*
Dry Goods, Grocerlei, Hoots nnd Shoes
Gents' Furnishing!
h
ll H|il»       L_l I       I   ■	
BAKER   AVENGE
BRANCH  AT HOSMER,  B.C.
' ■ BXPERIENOH*
jupc Marks
Co-wmaHT* Ae.
"  Mid dlMK.jllltl.ttl U.»»
>*•>» wtiMluir M
ommunles-
onFtitou
k IwdM-wtf mauut** *t«a*y. Unr**-M*
rtiUtHm nt a*» nUtiutt* "wortwil. Tim* tee
i«_^^UaftM,»-riw|*-*»»-Wt.  *****
M-WHSSSMfi
ly that ber conscience was' not trou*
bled. "Aiid he won't blame me either.
When he sees me. he'll know what It
nieans." -'
.' find, ln fact I Intend to' help. So
do we all, *I,think."*. •
"It was our oatb in Volseni." she an**
swered. "They think monseigneur will
sleep the, better for It' But 1 know well
that nothing troubles monseigneur's
sleep. And* I'm so selfish tbat I wish
he • could be troubled—yes, troubled
about uio; tbat ho could be riding in
the spirit with us tonight, hoping for
our victory, yet very' anxious, very
anxious nbout me; tbat 1 could still
bring lilm joy and sorrow, grief and
delight I can't desire that monselgneur should sleep so * well. * They're
kinder to him—hid own folk of Volsenl.
They,aren't jealous of his sleep—not
Jealous of the peace of death. But I'm
very, jealous of It. I'm to him, now
just as all the rest are. I, too, am
nothing to monselgneur now."
"Who knows? Who can know?" said
Dunstanbury softly. ■
His attempted consolation, his invoking of the old persistent hope, the saving doubt, did not roach her heart In
her great love of .life the best sho
.could ask of the tomb was a littlo
memory there. - So' she had told monseigneur. Such was tho thought in her
heart tonight She was jealous and
forlorn because of tbe silent darkness
which had wrapped her lover from her
sight and so enveloped him. He could
not even.ride with her In the spirit ouc
the* night' when she went forth to
avenge the death she mourned!
The night broke toward dawn, the
horizon grew gray. Lukovitch drew in
his rein, and the party fell to a gentle
trot Their journey was almost done.
Presently they halted for a few minutes, while Lukovitch.and Peter Vassip
held a consultation. Then they jogged
on again in the same order, savcthat
now Sopljy.and Dunstanbury rode with
Lukovitch at the head of the party! In
another half hour, the heavens lightening yet more, they could discern the
double, row of low trees which marked
at irregular intervals the course of the
river across the plain. At the same moment a row of squat buildings rose in
murky white between them and the
river bank. Lukovitch pointed to It
with his hand.
"There" we*, are.  madame,'_7-be_saij-.
"ThU ti my firm war, Lord Dunttan-
bury," ihe'tald.
you," ho laughed. "As It Is I'm brooking all tbo laws In tbo world, I suppose. Perhaps they'll uovnr hear of it
In England, tnongli,"
"Whoro thoro nro no lawo loft you
none left In Krnvonln now. Thorn's
but uno crime, to bo weak, nnd but ono
penalty, death."
"Neither (he crime nor the penalty
for un tonightI" be cried gayly. "Queen
Bophln'-s ntnr nhlnon tonlglttl"
fifi* -     „.....,, I.Ml       i    , *       t      ,1 ...... 1-
■-•*« t-4      jf WI*     ■_*-*-•*I*      h* « -&M>*     «»«■■. *»t l» l**.*J     *W-'-*Mr*1___
Ing ber cheek a moment
"No, f can't," he laughed. "I forget;
I spoko imctnphorlcnlly."
"When pooplo spenk of roy Btar, I
alwaya think of thin. So my «tor
•hlne» tonight? Yei, 1 think ac—»hlneo
brightly beforo it tet*. f wonder If
TCravonU'i -tar, too, will have a letting soon-a -stormy net tine!"
"Well, we're not helrlng to make It
more tranquil," said Dunstanbury.
IT« taw ber turn tier bend •uddenly
and sharply toward him. She spoke
•julekly nnd tow.
Tn teeting a hud's life fn tbis tf
peAUIon," th* wtM. "We M.*t or mine
Mote wa part"
"1 don't blame yon for that"
"Oh. no!" Tb* reply sounded almost
CMitus-MMM*; at hurt It thawed plahs-
"That's the-.farmhouse at the right end
and the barn at the left, within a hundred yards; of the lock. There's our
shelter till the colonel comes."
• "What of the farmer?", asked Dunstanbury.;
* "We shall catch him In hissed—him
and his wife," said. Lukovitch. "There's
only the pair of them. They keep ,the
lock and havo a few acres of pasture
land to eke■ out their, living. They'll
give us no trouble. If they do, wo can
lock thom In and turn tho key. Then
we can'lie quiet In the barn. With a bit
of closo packing it'll take us all. Peter
Vassip and I will be lock keepers If
anything comes by. We know the
work.   Eb, Peter?"
"Aye,* captain, and the man—Peter's
bis namo, too.' by tbe way—must glvo
us something to bide our sheepskins."
Sophy turned to Dunstanbury. Sho
was sralllug now.
"It sounds very simple, doesn't lt?"
sho nskod. „
* "Then wo wntch our chanco for n
dash — whon the colonel's off his
guard," Lukovitch went on.
"But If bo won't obllgo us in that
wny?" asked Dunstanbury, with n
laugh.
"Then, ho Bhnll hnvo tho rownrd of
bis virtue In n better fight for tbe
guns," Bald Lukovitch. "Now, lads,
rendy! Listen! I'm going forward with
Peter Vnssip hero nnd four moro. We'll
seciiro tbo ninu nnd his wlfo. Thoro
might bo a servant girl on the premises, too, perhnps. Wben yon hem* my
whistle, tlio rest of you will follow.
You'll tnko command, my lord?". Ho
turned to 8ophy. "Mndnmo, will you
como with mo or stny horo?"
"I'll follow wltb Lord Dunstnnbury,"
bIio Bfllil. "We ought nil to be In tho
bum boforo It's light?"
"Suroly! A bnrgo might como up or
down tho river, you seo, nnd It wouldn't
do for tbo men on board to seo nny-
body but Vnssip nnd mo, wbo nro to bo
the lock keepers."'
Ho nnd Peter Vnssip rodo off wltb
tliolr party of four, nnd the roHt waited In n Hold a couplo of hundred yardn
from the bnrn. A dip hi tbo ground afforded fnlr cover. Homo of the mon
began lo dismount, but Dunstanbury
stopped them. "It's just Hint ono nov*,
er known," bo snld, "nnd It's bottor to
bo on your horso tlmn off It In enso any
troiiblo does como. you know,"
"There oughtn't to bn much trouble
with the lock keeper nud bis wlfo or
oven with tbo sorvnnt girl," snld Basil
Williamson.
"Girls cnn mnko a difference some*
llmuH," Sophy snld, with n umllo. "I
did onco in tbo Strcot of the Fountain
... i.   ri, ,, n , . , »
Dunntnnlmry'B precaution wn« nmply
Justified, for, to .their nstonlRhment,
tbo noxt Instnnt n shot rnng through
tbo air and thy moment nftcr a loud
cry, A rldorlCHB horso galloped wildly
pnst them. Tho I sheepskin rug ncrosa
X'M CAvki.-i  kit.*!) fcV\i liv *4  *ii4C^>.i,(,i'«i^  i/\> irlt
Votsonlan.
"By hooTcn, havo they got thoro before us?" whlupercd Dunslnnbury.
"I hope so. Wo shan't have to wait,"
snld Bophy.       .-,
lint tbey did wait thero a moment
Then came a conftj*je<l noise from th-i
long, low barn. Then a clatter of hoofs
nnd l.ttiiovlteb wen with thom nittln,
bnt his comrade* were four men now,
not flf*.
"flash! Silence J Koep com!" be
panted bre-afhlMiily. "Htnfnlti Is bete
already. At least there are men In the
barn and horeee tethered outside, and
tbe bargea ate ou the river, just above
the lock. Th* sentry saw ns. He challenged and fired, and one nt at drop*
TM.  It mutt b* Stafnlttr
8t_fntU It tu,   Qtaerttl Rtenoik*
had failed' to allow', for the respect
which his colleague entertained for his
abilities. If Stenovics expected him
back at Slavna with bis guns oa tbe
Sunday, Stafnitz was quite clear that
he had better arrive on'Saturday. To
this end he had strained every nerve.
The stream was with him, flowing
strong, but the wind was contrary.
His barges bad not made very good
progress. He had pressed the horses
of his company Into service on the
towing path. Stenovics had not thought
of that His rest at Rapska bad been
only long enough to give hi3 men and
beasts an hour's . rest and food and
drink. To his pride and exultation he
had reached the lock at Mlklevnl at
nightfall on Friday, almost exactly at
the hour wben Sophy's expedition set
out on Its ride
to intercept him.
Men and horses
it might be weary
f now; Stafnitz
J
could  afford to
be indifferent to
that   He'.could
give them a
good   rest   and
yet, starting at
A clatter of hotijs and 7 the n^xt mor^.
them again.    .   *       „a   w|t!j   them
and the guns In the course of the afternoon. There might be nothing wrong,
of course, but it was no harm to forestall nny close and clever calculation
of the general's.
"The sentry?" whispered Dunstanbury.        '"
"I had to cut him down. Shnll we
be at them, my lord?"
"No. not yet .They're ln the barn,
aren't tbey?" * *
"Yes. Don't you bear them? Listen!
That's the door opened. Shall we
charge?"
"Nd, no; not yet. They'd retreat inside, and it would be the devil then.
They'd have the pull of us. Walt for
tliem to come out. They must send, to
look for the sentry. Tell the men tb
lean right down in their saddles—close
clown—close! Then tbe ground covers
us. And now—silence • till I give the
word!" -
*• Sllencefell again for a few moments.
They were waiting for a movement
from Stafnitz's men Iri the barn. Only
Dunstanbury* bareheaded, risked a look
over the hillock which protected them
from view.
A single man had come out of the
barn and was looking about blm for
the sentry who had fired. lie seemed
to suspect no other presence. Stafnitz
must have been caught in a sound nap
this time.
The searcher found his man and
dropped on his knees by him for-a
moment Then he rose and ran hurriedly toward the barn, crying, ."Colonel, colonel!".
"Now!" whispered^ impetuous Lukovitch. , --.7' .!
But Dunstanbury pressed him down
again, saying, "Not yet, not yet."
 Sonhv—laid _lier_hand__on_his_nrm-
"ITalf of us to the barges," she said.  -
In their eagerness for tho fight Lukovitch and Dunstanbury bad forgotten
the main object of It." But the' guns
were' what monseigneur would have
thought of first—what Stafnltz- must
Iirst think of. too—the center of contest nnd the guerdon of victory. ■
-^m
Ohekjykej*--
FUR the history of this night from
thc enemy's side thanks arc due
to tho memory and to the unabashed courtesy of Lieutenant
itnstat?., wbo camo alive, If not with a
wholo skin, out of tho encounter hnd
lived to reach middle ngo under 11 new
roglmo so unnpproclntlvo of his services that lt cashiered lilm,for getting
drunk within a yenr from, this dute.
Uo ended his dnys ns n billiard marker
nt tho Golden Lion, n fact ngrconblo to
poetic Justice, but not otherwise mnlo*
rlnl. Wlillo occupying that cnpnclty ho
wns nlwnys rendy to opon IiIb month to
tnlk provided he woro nfforded nlso* n
better reason for opening It
Stnfnlb* nnd IiIh men felt that their
hnrd work wns done. Thoy wero within touch of Slnvnn, nnd. thoy hnd no
reason, ns thoy supposed, to fonr nny
tittnek. Tho colonel liml indulged them
lu somothing iippronchlng to n enrouso,
Songs Iuul boon sung nnd Hpeochcs
mnrlo; congrntulntlons wero freoly offered to tho colonel; nlluslons wero
thrown out not too enrcfully vnllnd to
(lie predicament In which Stenovics
found hlisiHolf, Hnrd work, n good
supper nnd plentiful wlno hnd tliolr
effect. Rnvo lho sentries nil wore imleop
nt 10 o'clock nud gnino to sleep till the
reveille Hounded nt 0.
Tliolr presenco wns n surprlso lo thoir
iiNHnlliiiitH, wlio liml pcrlinpH uppronch*
ed In too rush n cnufhlonco Unit tlioy
woro Unit on tho ground. Hut tbo
greater surprlno bofoll thoso who Imd
now to defend (ho Imrgen nnd tbo
guns. When the mnn who had found
tho dend sentry run hnr-k nnd told hHi
Inlo, nil of thom, from Htnfntl*/. down*
wnnl, conceived tlmt tho nttuck inimt
como from Htcnovlr-H. Nono thought of
Hnphy nnd bor VolsenlnnH. Thoro thoy
wito packed In the burn. Hcpariited
from tliolr horsoB nnd wltb tbelr car*
(d 1 ii**» i.tid MNKie. 1110 crtnuiu-a* were
rn'ifl.v rnlight up, Dw hnr*U'!t not ro
nnslly rcnehort, nuppoMng nn sctivo,
nklllful enemy nt band outside.
Tor themselves tbelr position wns
good to stand n alnge. But BtnfnlU
could not afford tbat 111m mind (low
-.(tit*ro finjitiy'M hurt, 'itironjihont and
on both sides the guns were tho factor
which dominated  tbe Uctlc* of tbo
tight It was no use for Stafnitz to
stay snug In the barn while tbe enemy
overpowered the t barges (supposing
they fried fight), disposed of the sentry
statloned-on each deck*and captured
the gun's. Let the assailant carry them
off and the colonel's game ,was up.
Whoever the foe was, the fight was for
the guns and for. one other thing no
doubt, for tbe colonel's life   ,
"We felt in the deuce of a mess,"
Rastatz related, "for we didn't know
how many they were, and we couldn't
see one of them. The colonel walked
out of the barn cool as a cucumber and
looked and listened. , He, called to me
to go with him, and so I did, keeping
as much behind his back as possible.
Nothing was to be seen, nothing to be
heard. He pointed to the rising ground
opposite. 'That must hide them,' he
said. Back he went and called the first
half company. 'You follow me in single file out of the barn and round to
the back of it Let there be a foot between each of you, room 'enough to
miss. When once you get. In rear of
the barn, make for the barges. Never
mind tbe horses. Tbe second half company will cover the horses with tbelr
Are. Rastatz. see my detachment round
and then follow. We'll leave the sergeant major in command here. Now,
quick, follow me!'
"Out he went, and the men began to
follow In their order. I had to stand ln
the doorway and regulate the distance
between man and man. I hadn't been
there two seconds before a dozen beads
came over tbe bill and a dozen rifles
cracked. Luckily tho colonel was just
round tbe corner. Down went' the
heads again, but they'd bagged two of
our fellows. I shouted to more to come
out and at tbe same time ordered the
sergeant major to send a file forward
to, answer the fire. Up came the heads
again, and they bagged three more.
Our fellows blazed away in reply, but
they'd dropped too quickly. I don't
think we gotone.
"Well, we didn't mind so much about
keeping our exact distances after that
and I wouldn't swear that the wliole
fifty of us faced the fire. It was devilish disconcerting, you know, but In a
few minutes thirtyc6r five and thirty of
us got round the side of the barn some-
bow and for the moment out of barm's
way. We beard the fire going on.still
ln front, but only In a desultory way.
They weren't trying to rush us, and I
don't think we had any Idea of rushing
them. For .all we knew they ipight.be
200 or they might-be a dozen. At any
rate, with the advantage of position
tbey were enough to bottle our men up
in the barn for tbe moment at all
events." • -
■This account makes what had happened pretty plain. Half of Sopby's
force had been left to hold the enemy
or as many of them as possible in thc
barn. They had dismounted and, well
covered by the hill, could make.good
practice without much danger to themselves. Lukovitch was*In command of
this section of the-little troop.   Sophy,
Du n^ton bu rynanan^efeFVa^sTpTal soon
foot (tbe horses' hoofs would have betrayed them), were stealing round, Intent on getting between tbe barges and
any'men whom Stafnltz tried, to placo
In position for .their defense. After
leaving men for the containing party,
aiid three to look after the horses this
detachment was no moro than a do74en
strong. But they had started before
Stnfnit7.'8 men had got out of tbe barn
and despite the smaller distance the
latter bad' to traverse could mako n
good race of lt for the barges. They
hnd nil kept together, too,, while the
enemy straggled round to the rear of
the barn in slnglo file. And they hod
ono great, perhaps decisive, advantage,
of whose existence Peter Vnssip, tbelr
guide; wns well aware.
Forty yards beyond tho farm n small
ditch ran down to tho Krath. On the
side near tbo farm It bad a high overhanging bank, tbo other side being
nearly * level with tbo ndjolnlng meadow, Thus It formed n nnturnl trench
nnd led straight down to where tho
first of the barges lny. It would hnvo
been open to an cnfilndo from tbo river,
but Stafnltz, hnd only one sentry on
ench bnrgo, and theso men woro occupied In staring nt their advancing com*
pnnions nnd calling out to, know whnt
wns tho mnlter. An for tho bnrgees,
thoy hnd wisely doclnrod tientrnllty.
deeming tho nintter no businoss of
theirs. Shots wero not within the
terms of a contract for trnnsport Stafnltz, not drenmlng of nn nttnek, hnd
not roconnoltercd his ground. But Lukovitch know evory Inch of tt (hnd not
Gonornl Stonovles remembered thnt?),
nnd so did Peter VnBRlp. The surprise
of Prnslok wiib to bo nvenged.
RnntnbE tnkes np the tnlo ngnln. nin
nnrnitlvo linn ono or two touches vivid
with n Iocnl color.
"When I got round to the rear of tho
bnrn I found our follows scnttorcd
nbout on their boll Ioh. Tho colonel wns
In front on bis belly, with bis bend
Just rnlHod from tlio ground,' looking
nbout lilm. 1 lny down, too, getting my
bond boh Imi n Mono which chnnced to
be nonr mo. I looked nbout mo, too,
when It Hoomoil snfo. And It did hp.-i»
i*nfc nt fln-M, for wo could bear nothing,
nud deuco n mnn could wo sec, But tt
wmni't very plonnnnt, beonuKo wo know
tbnt. Hiiro enough, tbey must bo protty
nonr us Homowbero. Presently (ho colonel cnmo rrnwllng bnck to mo, "Whnt
do you mnkn of It. Itnstntz?' bo whin-
pored. Boforo I could answer wo honrd
n brink oxchnngo of llro In front of the
burn. 'I don't llltc it,' I nnld, 'I cnii't
hoo thorn, nnd I'vo n notion (hoy cnn
seo me, colonel, nnd (lint's not the
plrnsnntPHt wny (0 fight Is ItV* 'Ond,
you're right!' pnld lie. 'But tlioy won't
»-c dn? till) tbo in-lh-r (nt: .* iihiiti-Uu.'
A/id then nnd (here lie lit one.
"Well, he'd Jimt thrown nwny bis
rnntoh when n young follow—quito a
Ind he wns-n couplo of yards from us
••.iiililpnlT lumppd from hin bcllv on to
him kneet nnd called out quite loud-It
soomed to me he'd got a sort of panic—
nnltu loud ho railed out "Rheepsklns,
sheepskins!' 1 jumped myself, and 1
sa w the colonel .start But, by Jove, it
was true! When you took a sniff, yoa
could smell them. Of course I don't
mean wbat the better class wear. You
couldn't have smelled the tunic our
lamented prince wore nor the one the
witch decked herself out in, but you
could smell a common fellow's sheepskin twenty yards off—aye, against the
wind unless the wind was mighty
strong.
'"Sheepskins It is!* said the colonel,
with a sniff. 'Volsenlans, by gad! Ifs
Mistress Sophia, Rastatz, or some of
her friends anyhow.' Then he swore
worthily: 'Stenovics must have put
them up to this! And where toe devil
are they, Rastatz?' He raised his head
as be spoke and got his answer. A bullet came singing along and went right
through bis shako. It came from the
line of the ditch. He lay down again,
laughed a little and took a puff at his
cigarette before he threw It away. Just
then one of our sentries bellowed from
the first barge, 'In the ditch, In,the
ditch!' 'I wish you'd spoken a . bit
sooner,' says the colonel, laughing
again,"  .
While this was passing on Stafnltz's
side Sophy and her party were working
quietfy and cautiously down the course
of the ditch. Under tho shelter of its
bank they hnd been able to hold a
brief and hurried consultation. What
they' feared was that Stafnltz would
make a dash for the barges. Their fire
might drop half his men, but tbe survivors when once on board—and the
barges were drawn up to the edge bf
the stream—would still be as numerous
as themselves and would command the
course of the ditch, which was at present their great resource and protection.
But if they could get on board before
the enemy they believed they could
hold their own. The decks were covered with Impedimenta of one sort or
another, which would afford them cover, while any party which,, tried* to
board must expose Itself to tire to a
serious and probably fatal extent.
So they worked down the ditch, except two of them.  Little as they could
spare even two,
It   was   judged
well   to   leave
these.   Their Instructions   were
to fire atshort Intervals, whether
there was much
chance   of   hit-,
ting anybody or
not.   Dunstanbury   hoped  by
this   trick   to
make Stafnitz
?    believe that tho
"SheepskinsI Sheep-. whole detach-
sMns."'      -       ment   was   sta-,
tionary  In  tho  ditch  thirty  yards  or
more from the point where it joined the
river.   Only ten strong now and one of
them a woman, tbey made their way
* toward tbe mouth of the ditch and toward-the_ barges which held the prize
tBey_ouglit"     ■      ! - '
But a diversion aud a very effective
one was soon to come from the front
of tho barn. Fearing that the party
under Sophy and Dunslnnbury might
be overpowered, Lukovitch determined
on a bold step, that of enticing tbe
holders of tbo barn from their shelter,
ne directed his men to keep up a brisk
fire at the door. He himself and another man, one Osslp Yensko, disregarding the risk, mado a rapid dash
across the line of ,frre from the barn
for the spot where tho horses were.
The firo directed at the door successfully covered thoir daring movement
They were nmong the horses In a moment nnd hnrd nt work cutting the
bnnds with which they were tethered.
Tho. animnls wero half mnd with
fright, and tho task was ono of great
danger. "
But the maneuver was eminently
successful. A cry of "Tho horses, the
horses!" went up from tbo barn. Men
appeared In tho doorway. The sergeant
major ln command himself ran out
Hnlf tho horses wero loose and stampeded along tho towing path down tho
rivor. "Tho horses, tho horses!" Tho
defenders surged out of the bnrn ln
dondly fenr of being caught thoro ln n
trnp. They preferred (he chnnccs of
tho flro nnd stronmed out In a disorderly throng. Lukovitch nnd Yonflko cut
loose ns mnny moro horses ns tbey
dnrod wnlt to relonso, then, ns tbo defenders rushed forward, retreated, flying for thoir lives. Lukovitch camo off
with n bnll ln his nrm; Yensko dropped,
shot through tbo honrt Tlio men behind tho bill riddled tho defenders with
tbelr llro, But now tlioy woro by tbelr
horsos. such, ns woro left of thom.
Nonror twenty tlmn ton dotted the
grass outsldn tbo burn door. And tbo
mirvlvors woro demornllzod. Tbelr
lender, tho sorgennt major, lny (lend.
Thoy reloiiHed tbo remulnlng borsoH,
mounted nnd with ono pnrtlng volley
fled down tlio river. With n cry of triumph Liikovlloh colleeloil (lie romnin*
dor of his men nnd ilnxhod round tho
sldo of (ho bnrn. Tbo nost moment
Colonel Htnfnlti, found himself nttnek*
ed In bis roar ns well ns bold In check
from lho ditch In IiIh front
"l-'or n moment wo thought lt wns
our own men," nnld nnstat?., continuing tils account, "nnd tlio colonel ithoiit-
nd. 'Don't llro, you fools!' But than
tlioy olmored, nnd wo know tho Vol*
ni'iiliin ii.-ei'iit-ciirHO tlii-m! 'HIipepHklnn
ngiilii!' nnld (bo colonel, with n wry
kind of Hinlln. lie didn't IiphIihIo then;
ho Jumped up. crying: 'To the Imrgen,
lo the Imrgos!   Follow mol'
"We nil followed. It wnn Just an
■iiifp to eo wltb lilm nn tn ol'iv whnro
vou woro. Wo mnde n dnsh for It nnd
mi in tlio Imiiu of tim rivor. I lien tlipy
ruse nut of (bu ditch In front nf iih->
ind limy uvrp nt ui behind, to.-.-with
••tool now. Tbpy daren't sboor for tear
nt  bitting  their  own  people  In  our
fH"int     Vint  flip Lie.*"*   nf il  Vrilf**. In   pnni*
I'lUk Isn't plensant. nnd In tlu1 ond
nmrp of our mpn turned (o meet (hem
tlmn wput in wltb (h* colonel. I went
W
on with him, though. Vva always for
tbe safest place if there's om eater
than another. But here there wasn't
•30 I thought I might as well do the
proper thing. We met them right by
the water's edge, and the first I mads
out was the witch herself, la sheep'
skins like the rest of them, white as A
sheet but with that infernal mark absolutely blazing. She was between Peter Vassip and a tall man I didn't
know—I found out afterward tbat he
was the Englishman Dunstanbury—and
tbe three came straight at us. She
cried, 'The king, the king!' and behind
us we heard Lukovitch and his lot cry- .
Ing. 'The king, the king!'
"Our fellows didn't like it that's tbe
truth. They were uneasy In their
minds about that job of poor old Mi-
stitch's, and they feared the witch like
the devil. The heart was out.of them.
One lad near me buret out crying. A
witch and a ghost didn't seem pleasant
things to fight Oh, it was all nonsense, but you know what fellows like
that are. Their cry of 'The king!' and
thc sight of tbe woman caused a moment's hesitation, it was enough to
give tbem tbe drop on us. But the
colonel never hesitated. He flung himself straight at her and fired as be
sprang. I just saw what happened before I got a crack ou tbe crown of the
head from the butt end of a rifle whicli
knocked mc out of time. As the colonel
fired Peter Vasslp flung himself In
front of ber and took the bullet in his
own body. Dunstanbury jumped right
on the colonel, cut him on tbe arm.so
that ho dropped his revolver and grai>*
pled with him. Dunstanbury dropped
his sword, and the colonel's wasn't
drawn. It ■ was just a tussle. They
were tussling when the blood came
flowing down Into my eyes from the
wound on my head. I couldn't seo anything more; I fainted. Just as I went
off I heard somebody cry 'nands upr*
and I imagined the fighting was pretty
well over."
The fighting was over. One scene remained which Rastatz did not see.
"When Colonel Stafnltz, too, heard the
call "Hands up!" when the firing stopped and nil becabe quiet, he ceased to
struggle. Dunstanbury found hlra suddenly changed to a log beneath hlra.
His bands were already on the colo*-.,
nel's throat, and be could have strangled him now without difficulty. But
when Stafnitz no longer tried to defend himself ho loosed bis hold, got up
and stood over him with his hand on
tho revolver iif-his belt Tbe colonel,
fingered his throat a minute, sat-up,
looked round and rose to'his feet ne
saw Sophy standing before him. * By her
side Peter Vassip lay on tbe ground, ■
tended by Basil .Williamson and one of
liis comrades. Colonel Stafnitz bowed
to Sophy with a smile.
"I forgot you. madame," said Stafnitz.
"I didn't forget monseigneur," she
answered.     , 1
no looked round him again, shrugged his shoulders and.seemed to think
_iOr~a-moin"Ciit."Thcre-was"au-_bsoiute""
stillness, a contrast to the preceding
turmoil. But tbe silence made uncomfortable men whom the fight had not
shaken. Their eyes were set on Staf-,
nits.* *
"The prince died In fair 0;' ' be
said.
"No.   You sent  Mlstlteh to    " i*der
him," Sophy replied.   Her eyes were .
relentless,   and   Stafnltz   was   ringed
round with enemies.
"I apologize for tbis embarrassment
I really ought to havo been killed. It's
just a mistake," he said, with a smile.
' Ho turned quickly to Dunstanbury:
"You seem (0 be a gentleman, sir.
Pray come with mo. I need n witnoss," Ho pointed with his unwonnded
hand to the barn.
Dunstanbury bowed assent The
colonel In his turn bowed to Sophy,
nnd tho two of them turned and walked off toward tho barn. Sophy stood
motionless, watching tbem until they
turned the corner; then sho fell on her
knees nnd begun lo talk soothingly to
Peter Vnssip, who wns hnrd bit but, In
Basil Williamson's opinion, promised to
do well. Sophy wns bilking to tbo poor
follow when the.sound of a revolver
„shot-n slnglo shot-came from the
bnrn. Colonel Stafnltz hnd corrected
the mistake. Sophy did not rnlso ber
bond. A moment Inter Dunstanbury
cnmo back und rejoined them. Ho exchanged n look with Sophy, Inclining
his hond ns n mnn does ln nnswcrlng
"Yos." Thon she ro-ic. *
"Now for tho ImrgCH nnd lho runs,"
bIio snld.
Thoy could not carry tho guns bnck
to Volsenl, nor, Indeed, wns thoro nny
use for thom (hero now.
But neither woro mon-
Hulgnour'H guiiH for tbo
encmlcH of moiiBelgnour.
Under I.ukovlteh'H skill-
i'<l dlrcotliiiiH (Ills wound
proved Nllghl) tlio big
guns wore so distillled iih
lo romnin nf llltlo vnluo
and (ho ImrgPH bikon out
Into iuIiIhirenin nud there
HciittU-d with lliolr enr*
goes. While ono pnrly
imn-iioil lIiIh worlc Dun*
Nlmibiiry mnde tboprlHon**
pfrtcollnci llii'lnv.HiMile*l und dend,place
them on n wiikoii ntul hpI out on their
■■unroll (n Kin vim. Thon bin men pbiceil
tbelr dead on Imrsi:*;, Tlu-y hnd lo.it
three. Five wore wounded besides Fetor ViiHMlp, but nono of thom soverely;
nil -.'unlil ride. For IVier they look .1
cart from Ilut funii In convoy blm nn
fnr ns lho nm-ont (o llio lillln. Up thnt
be would havo lo lw carried by bin
comrade-*.
H wn» nom 1 boforo nil tbelr work
li.,.*. ,.',/,'..,   ','}„• <',.iihi-,->  Hci'rJ tivli-lillLi hi
Die water. ,\n they started to ride back
to VoUenl tho Unit snnlc.. Tbo second
wns soon to follow It.
"Wc hnvo dono our work," said Lnko*
Vlfilt
A nd Sophy answered, "Ye«."
But Slnfnltv.'n men had not ctrrtal
Ojo. Udy  of  Mielr commander biek.
(To bo continued?)
"I'rnu rwnii
wllh mn;
I 1 nnd it
Willinm,"
McCItBADY-CUMMINfl.
Tbe RoBsland Miner of yesterday
nnyit:—"The mnrHof*c of Dorothy
Cummins And Arthur John McCrrnry
was solemnised at 3 o'clock on Monday afternoon in the Methodist parsonage. Rev. W, p. Ewlng, pastor
of the Methodist church officiating.
Mias Jennie Webb waa bridHmatd,
and ilattt Chapman \*t»i man. The
bride waa attired in a bandtome
blue gown and carried a bouquet of
aaten and earnationi.    The wedding
party, numbering eight, nfter the
ccremon?, s-r*-*.***.--**..**! to the Hol.n-.ivri
I house where the wedding feast waa
Mprtnd   ani the    hrlde and    groom
j warmly congratulated. Tlie bride I*
tbe eldest daughter ol Mr. nnd Mra.
Norman Cummins of Nelson, nnd la
a trained nutee by profcMion and,
recently, for a time, waa emplaycd
in tbe rtUUrtt' hospital to thU city.
'The broom 1* tbe eldeat ton of Mr.
and Mr*. John MeCreary o( thin city,
and bat been a reaident of Itc-mlnnd
for the past thirteen yearn. Ue ban
bflflit prominent in tm.u'lniU un.l h-..ck*
ey circles and hns a host of warm
pprwcmnl friend:] who rcjoi***-' to '.■**.**
biro      happily     mariled,—      :.*..
«/l4,     4
Will the worker* ever wai;.' up? 1--
green of latitude or lomsliud*' or climate muat have Komotbing tn dn with
iln* aMltudn ol trado iinlonntiM 10 rlu«n
ronacloui political action boraiiHo I nm
tcrtaln tbnt British FolnniliSn nnd Al
berla are fifty years ahfnd of Manito
ba In mniters that affect tho working
' biit.
They (Manitoba) lmvo hnd the edil-
Strll.cn have failed uilsii'i**ibly, ptckni*
ing linn been derhired llli^nl, In*
lunrtlonn hnve born IhhuciI ugnlnst (bo
union fundi, and supported by tho Dominion jmlti Inry. Tbe police lmvo
lined Iheir clnlm nnd Ibn mllitln (heir
gmtling mm!*, nud mill the union mnn
»1>t|»-* t>>i ,twHmbvtt-d by nothing except the cobweb* on Mr brain. Will
bf ever wake up?*—Winnipeg lorrcn*
pondent In Weatern Clarion / u
r-"-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERN IF,,   B. C.  OCTOBER 2 1909.
C. P. R. TIME TABLE
,*•    Arrive
No. 213 West ..*	
No.  214 East  	
No.  236 Local East 	
No. 235 Local West 	
No. 7 West Flyer ..'	
No.  8 East Flyer \..'	
Change takes effect,Sunday
'NO. 252
10.55
11.13
11.25
11.50
G. N. TIME TABLE
FERNIE
HOSMER *'
OLSON
MICHEL
Fernie
. 8.48
. 17.55
• ' 8.4.8.
. 20.50j
. 10.40
. 20.08
June 6.
No. 251
1.00
12.35
12.27
12.05
Fishing tackle outfits "at Suddaby's!
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Turney returned
on Saturday from the Coast cities and
the Seattle, fair.
Refrigerators, tbe,kind that they use'
at the equator, from $9 up at Trites-
Wood Co.'
From today .Mr. George Barton will
handle the agency of, ihe Canadian Oil
Company for'gasolene, etc.
W. M- Elley is opening a piano and
music store in -the' Miners Hall block.
Mr. Elley assures us,that he will have
the best music store.in B. CJ See his
ad on another page. ■;•
For Sale: A new Goldie & McCulIoch
..safe.     Apply to L. P., Eckstein.
For sale, 5 milk cows. Apply to G.
Morley, Cokato.
For sale: Pure bred Irish Water-
Spaniel pups. Apply to.B. F. Lester,
Hosmer, B. C.
Wanted: A tid.* act in dining re m
1 girl, good wages. Applv TliOi-iio.1
. Poardins; Iiohfo. .Michel
Furnished House,to Let. 6 roomed
cottage. Apply Ledger Office.
LOCAL  NEWS
i
Baseball, football and tennis outfits
at Suddaby's.
The next meeting of the Ladies'
Benevolent Society will be held at
Miss Alexander's house on Saturday at
3 p.m.
For a good comfortable smoke get
Dorenbecker's brands. They are
home product.
The fall opening at the Todd -Millinery Parlors will be from Monday,
October 4, at I o'clock. .Latest American styles.
A sample order of Elk, Valley bottled boer will convince you of the superiority over all others. $2.50 per doz.
delivered at your door. Call up phone
79 and we will do tho rest..
Don't miss the most up to date and
elaborate showing of fall millinery
Fernie has ever produced, from 1 o'clock Monday 4th.
Advertising space on ihe new drop
.curtain in the Miners opera house is
now available.     To arrange for special position see D.Rees, secretary, or
address box 361, Fernie.
The regular monthly tea of the Meth-1
odisV  Ladies' Aid will be .held al the;
home of Mrs. J. S. Gusty on Tuesday,
October n from 3 to G p.m.
The "Cranbrook Herald in an article
■   headed "A Few Facts About    British
Columbia," gives Fernie a population
of 3,500". TTiH'Ts^lTTighrfo'F'Cran
brook, but Fernie can boast of double
that 'number and then some, Thc editor of thc Herald was given a complimentary to the Board of Trade banquet, while the local press was ignored.
We hope tho Fernie board of trade appreciate what .they are'' getting in re-
Finest in the land—Ingram's bath
room.
Ahem, have you tasted Michel beer?
Isn't'it good?
The Methodist churc„-young .people
gave a reception to Mr. and Mrs
Weatherilt last Monday evening.
Try a case of Elk Valley Bottled
beer, $2.50 per dozen delivered.
Phone 79. *      .
C; R. Gordon, the provincial inspector of factories, was in the city the
early part of the week on official business.
Up-to-date billiard and pool room for
sale. Easy terms or to rent to responsible party. Enquire J. Seigle, New
Michel.
Commencing tomorrow (Sunday) the
drug stores will be open from 9.-30 to
12 a.m., and 7 to 9 p.m. This will
be a great benefit to many.
When thirsty nothing but Michel
beer for me.
Harry Gorrie shot a mountain goat
at Aldrich Creek, weighing about 400
pounds last week, and David and Matthew Gorrie shot a fine deer at Jaffray.,      *.*,
First class board and table board;
meal tickets $5 at Fairclough's Boarding House, 179-180, opposite Football
grounds, Coal Creek.
For wiring, electrical fixtures, dynamos, generators and motors, see Depew, Macdonald & McLean.
No place in, town just like it. Ingram's pool room. *
Ladies of Fernie are invited.to inspect the fall millinery of Mrs. E.
Todd, -Monday, the 4th from one
o'clock. The very latest. French and
American styles.*
Elk Valley beer popularity known
as'-Michel, always on top at the leading hotels.
Gordon and Fred Johnson, two, of
our most-respected young citizens departed amid a shower of maidenly
tears, on Tuesday evening lo resume
their college studies. , Fred goes to
Chicago and Gordon to Toronto.
Beef, mutton, pork, veal, hams, bacon, lard, etc.," only of the very best.
Phone'41.
A grand'banquet will be given by the
I. O. O. F. in honor of the visit of* .the
Grand Master,.Bro. Wallace Law, Esq.,
to be_hgl__UL K*P* ball bn Wednosda
'     TENDERS   WANTED'
Sealed tenders, wanted for a.brick
building for the F. O. Eagles, Coleman
Alta. Plans and specifications may be
seen af the secretary's house; lowest
or anv tender not necessarily accepted. ■ '      HY. GATE,
.Sec. F.O.E. Coleman.
I
1
t
♦
4  ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦••-»'»   ♦»♦.»♦♦*■»■
Fa.ncy   Cli In a,
and     Dinner    Ware
NOTICE
We, have just unpacked a fine" .stock, pattern in-
Dinner ware   for   sale' by ■ the' dozen\6r set.-;
•*■ All goes for. Coupons. . - ,
W.J.    BLUNDELL      Give its a. ca.i1
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦»»*•*•>-♦
.In the matter of an application for
the issue of a duplicate certificate for
Title for Lot 3 Block 2 of, lot, 5455
Group One Kootenay District • (Map
7313.) „     . '.   ». _'
' NOTICE is hereby given that' it is
my intention to issue at the expiration
of one month after the first-publication
hereof a duplicate of the Certificate of
Title to the above mentioned lot in
tho name of Eder Harper which certificate* is dated the 19th of March 1906,
and numbered, 7495A.
H. R. Jorand,
District Registrar
Fernie Cartage & Construction Co. |
Wanted
150 WOODSMEN
Highest going wages paid. Apply F*
G. Waters, Elk Lumber Co., Ltd'.-, Hosmer, B. C.
Rochon's
Kandy
Kitchen
Under new management
The Fernie Cartage & Construction Co.
beg to inform the citizens of Fernie
they are prepared to carry out all
classes of work. Heavy . Draying,
Excavating, Building and Concreting a speciality. Estimates given on
all Contract work. All work guaranteed satisfactory. ,
O. N. ROSS, Sole Proprietor
To secure your share
of the surprising toar-
gains at tlie big Removal Sale of
To The Electors
Dry Goods
Clothing
Boots and
Ice Cream a Specialty
»'.*'-    ...___________________»
Chocolates -and other candies manufactured on the premises.
Concrete Fence Posts
7 foot long       --'■      70c each
i
W. M. DICKEN
FERNIE
October C al 10 p.m. All'members'and
especially the Rebekahs are respectfully invited to be present.
Oui* old friend, Roland S. Garrett,
wlio operated our monoline keyboard
so successfully previous to the fire,
was married last Wednesday to .Miss
i.etta McAfee of Bradford, Ont. Wo
extend our congratulations and may
Rollie's troubles bo small ones.
S Garbutt Business
I College
1 _.Stafford31ock.JLe__bndge;,
6
I
•
•
Guarantees positions to its graduates.    Thorough   instruction   in   i
Shorthand & Commercial branches,  f
For any information or free prospectus write
\
e
r
Linoleums
Geo. J. Shmidt,
Principal Garbutt Business College
P. O. Box 1291     Phone 263
\
Crows Nest Trading Co.
General* Merchants , /
Everything      Reduced
for a. few days longer
The   Store   of  Good Values
Agents-"Bell Pianos";
Sold on monthly payments
Victoria Ave.
Fernie, B.C.
0
I
t
Trites- Wood Co.,Ltd.
I
J..WAYS THE BEST
Quality
ALWAYS THE BEST
ere   Quality
Counts
Service
ALWAYS THE BEST
QUALITY
Quality is the first thought
here. The Perfect Quality
of all our many lines of Drug
Store goods has created a
reputation of value to us
THE   G'
• I  W
DS
All are carefully selected and
of the best. Drugs, Toilet
Articles, Chemicals, Rubber
Goods, Sick room necessities
and Nursery Requisites
v
Mail Orders Receive our  Best Attention
ALWAYS THE BEST
Price
ALWAYS THE BEST
ARCitts for Victor and
Huylcr's and Lowney's Chocolates
Drug Store
Edison Phonographs
Hew Scale Williams* Piano
ALWAYS THE BEST
Goods
ALWAYS THE BEST

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