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The District Ledger Sep 4, 1909

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 ** .r -r-i'itii11a rrTt r-tmn-
Industrial U mty fs Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOL.:-V-.   No. 5
FERNIE,   B.  C,   September   4th,   1909
$1.00 a Year
)
i
I
Panoramic   View   of  Fernie   Previous to   the   Fire
X
!)■
BUILDINGS
BURNED
Wing1  of- Ontario  Parliament Buildings is
Destroyed
mated that he, would ni**n si.tx.-iutng
vigorous to say atter the firo. It. L.
Per.qt, one of the visiU.i; cricketc**.*! cf
Philadelphia said after a-: nl thai '.i
was the worst manag-d file ihat he
had ever seen:
■ "We have the fire brigade," was the
only remark "Hon. , J. .J. Foy, would
make and'it'was-not said as acom-
■ TORONTO, Sept. . ,1—Fire which
broke out in the,west, wing of the legislative building at 1.30 this aftornoon totally destroyed that section of
tho buildings and caused a loss estimated at about $750,000.
At 1.10 thc flaems wero seen bursting from tho little glass cupola in an
unoccupied room overlooking Queen's
park, towards University avenue. Tho
alarm wns turned in at onco but it was
fully 1,30 before tho brigade arrlvod.
By that tlmo tho orof of tho vast contro wing was blazing and in a short
time nothing remained of 11, but tho
smoking rafters.
As soon as tho flro was noticed hundred,, of clerks and stenographers
Blnrtcd to carry out bundles of legal
documents from tho offlcos nnd tho
library, Promlor Whltnoy, who was
In his offlco at tho tlmo, superintended
tho work, standing In a pool of water,
lilfl hat, banged down over IiIr oyos
from a falling stick, hauling hoso, and
working llko a Trojan,
Under him wero A.W. Campbell, Iho
mlnlstor of publio works and Architect Ealcos, On tho bottom floor, toh
Hon, Frank Cochrane, hntlcss, coat*
Iohh and dripping with wator, worked
timid poolH of wator while I Inn, Mr,
Ilnnna carried furnituro and docu-
'monts with grout of foot. Tho legislative chamber caught flro throo limes,
Tho first timo It wns noticed by Hon,
J. J. Foy, who nmhod In wllh nn nxo
undnliolpod to oxtliigulHli tho flamoH,
In a short tlmo tho flro had worked
lis wny Into tho library, and In spile
of tho flro flghlevH, both volunteer and
regular, It wiih entirely destroyed. II
was one of the most complete and
vnlunblo ou the continent and Its Iosh
will ho Irreparable.
A erlckel. mutch was In progress nl
tho tlnm between tho Philadelphia I'll*
grlniB nnd the Toronto Zlngni'ls, hut.
tho flro put a toinpornry quietus   on
t.'C     "'""la"    V.'..!     tlW    r\],\.*r.yn    yfa*a (loyrwt
ti event deal of vnlnnliln nHHlctnuro In
wiving furnituro nnd documents from
tlio library. At ono tlmo tho physics,
modlcnl nnd library buildings of tho
milvorslty woro In danger nnd .tho
•■trnTiir M'eat wind wnn the nnlv thlnir
that saved thom. ,
A good deal of advorso criticism was
directed to tho flro brigade Promlor
Whitney stood on tho stops as thoy arrived, Fully twenty inlnutos turned
around from tho tlmo Iho alarm was
sent until tho lire hrlgndo arrived nn
tho scene. Tho spoctntors claim tr.n
efforts of the flromen wero not dlro^-i
od to tho best a-lvanta****. No'-tor
Premier Whitney nor .•".n. W. ,1.
Ilnnnn would hnve nnv'h '■** '■ *■ •*•*»
during tho flro hut tho r*"'Miilt*i Intl*
pliment*.      '       . 7     .
A Ay ell known'insurance nian stated
after the fire that there was not a cent
of insurance on the contents of the
building. There.had been some but
It had been allowed to lapse over a
month ago.
The apartments in the building
which have been destroyed arc the library, insurance department, office of
the registrar general, the offices of
the municipal railway board, the bureau of labor, and the apartment of
the sergeant at arms and those of tho
king's printer..
Judge Morrison, who was present at
the fire estimated the loss of the library, alono at more than half a million dollars,  ' . ,.
The origin of tho fire which destroyed the parliament buildings Is a mystery, When the blaze was discovered it had gained great headway, and
aftor tho arrival of the firemen a
general alarm was sont In and practically every rig In tho city attended
biit tliolr efforts wero of little avail.
AL the time tho building was full of
government, employees but despito this
many valuable government documents
which ennnot bo replaced wont up in
smoke ■
Tho construction of tho buildings
wns started eighteen years ago by the
late Sir Oliver Mownt, and thoy wero
a monument lohlm, Tho estimates
for tho building showed Hint the coHt
would bo four million, but beforo tho
completion of them the coBt wns two
million moro,
Thoy woro iho finest legislative erections In Canada surpassing oven the
Federal buildings at Ottawa,
No ono was injured'? Whon tho
outbreak occurrod, boforo the arrival
of the flro brigade, attorney gonornl
Foy, and othor cabinet, -ministers who
were In the buildings, worked all lho
applliinroH al hand for fighting flro.
A rough t'Htlmuto of the loss Ih $:i'»0-
OOO nn the liulldtugH nud ifSr.O.OOO on
the library. Tho bulldlngH were valued nt •fl.riOO.OOft. mid the Insurance
was $750,000.
LABOR DAY IN FERNIE
Long^List—q^
Heading This W^
Enthusiastic—Graiid  Parade
Mrs. * Walker,* of the 'Presbyterian
Home Mission Society, Toronto, will
address the ladles of the congregation
of Knox church in Bruce's hnll on Sunday afternoon September ht h at I o'clock.
The Labor Day parade will start at
10 a.m. sharp from the Coal Co. office on Pellatt. avenue, and will bo
headed by grand marshal .1, Cloiiplll,
tho Salvation "Army hand will follow
and will render selections'during lho
parade.
March will contlnuo north along Pol*
Intt avonuo turning at Mclivoy street
and coming south along Victoria avo-
uue to Ihe park, where! ha speaking
will tako place, and prizes be given
for the best representative floats and
bost. appearing unions.
Formation of the Parade
United   Mine  Workers  of America
Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers
Lizard Local Teamsters
Urcwors
Barlcndors ,.
Electrical Workers
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
and Joiners
,  Typographical union
.Stonecutlors
Bricklayers *'
Pnpni'hnngcrs and Decorators
Iiiteriialloiiiil  Brotherhood of Carp*
outers and Joiners,'
Cigar Makers
Business floats.
Judges
Baby Show: Dr. Anderson, Dr. Barber, Mr. Banwell.
.-'louts and Best. Appearing Unions:
Mr. .lohns-on, Bev. Grant, Dr. Wriglesworth.
Speakers for the day
Mayor Herchmer
W. II. Itoss M. P,
L. P. Eckstein
President Powell of District 18 II.
M. W. of A...
W. D. Haywood, Into inter, secretary W, F. M.
Also loading officials of various organizations.  .
PROGRAMME AS ARRANGED FOR THE DAY
Parado at 0 n.m,'- Speeches   directly   after   tlio
parado,
Pr'lzo for bost, float In parade $2fi.00
Prizes for bost appearing union  ., 30.00   20.00   10.00
MANY EVICTIONS
SYDNI'lY, N. a, Aug. M1--KlKlHy
eviction cases were drawn for trial
before his honor Judge Flnlayson to-
dnv and thlrtv-foiir additional cnsoH
for Friday,
Thnsn Includo tonnnts at Calodonln,
Ilrldgoport, Itosorve, Aberdoon, No. 3
nnd Wntorfoi'd. Seventy flvo of the
defondnnls woro present hut only 18
were railed tndnv nml It wan arranged
hy oouiinel nnd assented lo hy tho
court that tho others present should
return homo nnd ho again in attendance upon specified dates,
Tho ensos from Reserve, 30 In nil,
havo boon sot down for tomorrow.
2,00      1.00
3,00     2.00      1.00
'..1st of Sports at the old Coal Company City Park
commence directly after the spoeches,
Boy's race, 0 years and under $1,00      ."fl
QlrlH* raco same as above
Boys' raco 10 years nnd under
Girls' rnco snmo as above.
Boys' 11 years and under ",	
Cllrls Hiunq iih above,
Boys' water pnll race, oue prize .,
Boys' three legged race 111 and under
Mnrt'lod Ladles Unco 	
Hlnglo LndloH race, 1st prize donated by A
2nd prize **3,
Hoys' suck nice 1(5 and under .,,,
Fnt mnn'H raco 1st prize Stetson hat
Second prize Box best cigars,
U.'iot rnco hoys   1(1 and under	
Potato race 111 and under  	
ii
Cllrls same as above.
to
,,10
.no
2.00
2.00
fi.00
2,00
5.00
2,00
2.00
1,00
3,00
.'., Liphardt,
1.01)
I, oi,
1.00
Running broad jump, ontrnnco foe
.10 eonts 'i	
Ilunnlng high jump, ent, fee 50e.,.,
Hop, step and jump, ont, foo tiOo .,
Laddor race, 1st. prize donated
store; 2nd $5.00
Putting 10 lb, Hhot, ent, fee oOc.
Climbing greasy polo, prize .,,
Tug of war, prize	
Baseball   In  evening,  FernU
brook   InteriueillaleH,
10,00
10.00
10.00
fi.00
n.oo
5.00
by Wrlghl'H   jewelry
,.  10.00     ,1.00
,   ..,$10.00
 $25.00
Intermediates,  vs.   Crnii-
... 2.1.00   10.00
a^.a-a.4       41.^(11
urtul     OllO.I
Fin* Dw mni't ntlrticllve h-iby under Iv.-n voim of .r.,e-
   jr.,oo  jo,oo   n.oo
Konlhnll, Ferule Juniors vh Coal Creek Juniors, prize $2.1
100 yarilH dash, Tin enter, entrance
fee ,10 cents      15.00    10,00
TEAM   PULLING   AT  6 O'CLOCK
Best pulling lenni of hows, must  be tint teams   to
enter, hnndU'iip according id weight, eiitrimee feint) ceniH 2.1.<H)   15,00
DANCE AT DRUCE'8 HALL IN THE EVENING
llofioithinoiits served, tickets $l,5n;  ladles free
SPORTS  COMMITTEE
F. Moody
Wm.   Price
J,  N.  Howbrook
t, W.J.    a>llllllla/'lt»
imIMMONb      . .  HQWOLN
Secretary Treasurer
SMALL   BLAZE
On Sunday night al about 11.30 the
fire brigade were called out to a fire
at. Mr. A. Wright's house in "the Annex. The brigade'made a record
turnout, and came down the' newly
graded hill like meteors. They succeeded in getting thc^blazc under con-
4.i'ni=»firQr=a=fGw=niiimtes=har-d=aV-orlCa=,
Considerable damage was done by the
chemical and also by smoke amp water, but the fire was confined to the
attic, Tho fire is believed to have
started from the exploiting of a" photographer's lamp while Mr..Wright jr.
was downstairs. Stanley Dicken,
who,was visiting' with Mr. Wright at
the time of the fire, gave tlie alarm*
in quick time. The firemen left
thinking the fire was out, bul at about
two o'clock it started up again and
a hurried telephone message from a
nearby house got the brigade, down
again. It. was on the second call that
tho fire laddies,made the trip of their
lives. From tho time central was
callod until tlio-brlgado was coining
own the hill not three minutes' had
elapsed,and that is going some. Some
kicking was hoard because Driver
.Murphy was not at tho hall when the
first call came In. We look some
trouble to make Inquiries and ' from
facts gathered Murphy cannot be
hlnmed, as he was not left In chnrgo
dining (he absence of the chief. How-
ever Polo says ho will "Slnpe wld
his clot lies on In futuro and illvll the
soul will move lilm from the hall."
YOUNG LAD IS
SERIOUSLY
T
Albert Lawley Run   Over
in Yards at Mine playing on Flat Cars
Another distressing accident happened last night at about six o'clock
by which Albert George Lawley, a hoy
four years old, had both of his legs
badly smashed and also received a
vory severe scalp wound,
■ The accident, happened at Coal ,
Creok when the six o'clock train v.as
returning with its train load of iv vc/n
from that placo.
Speaking to Mnglneor Frod While i f
Ihe accident we learned that It Is a
habll. of youngsters to-piny around the
cars, and that time and tlmo again
While nnd the other train officials
have warned the children against this
habit, hut to no avail, M|*. White
and his crow were doing considerable
shinning   last night    before coupling
The following Is a statement of tin
receipts and expenditures of the Kei-.
nlo baseball league for the season Just j to uu. naln, and it Is supposed thin
closed.    As can be seen (here is ii j,,,,, ,„„„. |V1Iow WHH    ,    , „
deflcll of $231,SI, which ll Is proposed
to try and mnko up by getting   some
good games nn between Ilosmor and
Fernie, Klko-Wnldo aud Fernio aud
other places. .Mori' liil'uiinmiun as
In these games will be given In nexl
Issue, The expenses this yoar were
of course very heavy, as the grand
stand, back slop, etc., had to be erect-
oil, Ihe grounds laid nut ami iiiill'orms
and outfits piireliiiHi'd. r'urihiit renson the citizens hhould inieud any Iui -
I her games In crowds and help thej
boys lo break oven,
Kxpi'iisert   l(»   dale   .., •f.li
I'lai ears that made up tho train and
was afraid to jump off when the train'
started.     ll Is lairmlaed that befell
(iff   Jllhl   before   .■■•llci'lll!   III'.!   powder
house, as Unit Ik where he was picked
up by seme people who were, walking
up from Pernio,
The fniher of th- little   lad,   John
Lawley,  who  works In  No,  .1 mine,
was Ki-lef Mi'U'keii when Informed of
i iIm* sad accident.
i
ml     Minpilry at ih'- ho'iplml this morning
Iteeolpts from all iiinirces
Debit balance	
. :I32.i;.1 | elicited the Inl'ui mntii'ii that ihe little
 'fellow  \',l-'  'Mil  Mlive, mid  n  little |ie|.
.$231.SI
Jos, Goupcll
Jos. Lyons
F. H. 8haw
P. rtariinu,
JOS. -uOUPILL     W. ...
President
A wreck Ihi)i)ii-i.i'-. In a fi. X, ."ivight
near tho West I'Vrnie Itrid-j.*:- when
flvn cam jiuiifw-il the Irnck. <'onst'lc r*
able damage wii-i i.niie lo rolling .-.took,
but fortunately no one was hurt.
, PROGRESSIVE FERNIE
Numerous enquiries hnvo reached
thi.: rIflco ns to wha-i. rrogrcsslvo Fornio will ho ready for mile. It will
ho roady shortly, nnd the delay enn he
easily explained nnd understood. I*
Is our desire lo gUe as ((mipU'to a
showing ns posslbh* of tho growth ef
l-'ernle, nnd several public buildings
nnd blocks were so nonr complellon
thnt It was thought advisable to wait
and Includo them. The. pages already
completed uro certainly specimens of
the printers' nn  of whicli no office I npeclnlly made envelope, for which no
need be ashamed.     The advance or- J' Al'" *1""1'-*'' » "i ■■■• mn'ie,     ai i-
dors In hand now gunraiitee a comple!*.*
ter than last  nlghi.  The cliaiices lor
— «»   ■—■  : .'
, ill;     .' i .in I,,,        I.(,'., i ,i i,    .,i rlli    w I v
Wm.   II    Powell, 1-ieslileni of Dim   '
,  , ■ **lini, ie- ilo- niiMiie ul  hlh uimiiiim nn*
IS,    Wishes    IIM   10   eSplliill    h'*    M'IJMill|
for iiiii being able to be iir-wiit M,, ^*i.v vilnu- iuul opnatloM.-, lor ampii
the Labor dn*-' eelel,ration ns he |ms taiini' '-".hlt'i will In- ne. ennui-*,, may
expected  and  promised. j emlnm-h- Ms life,
In Ihe Kdinoniiiii dlmrUl there Is n •     Km-inc-r  Whhe xxw- not  aware of
,.|,.f,,,,,    (, - Hi.',H, i-    '..   i ."wi,.   (lie   i.|..|.<'il        r      i    .!     ,    ,1 ii   ,i    *.   i    i     ,,
hour law. and iim l.tilmr dav In Hie nnlv' eii.,,| moll \\,. Iwiird it\e emeri'i-nf"
nvnllnhle day lo net a monster crowd! whistle nud run over to the enetne,
together a rmiMH inciting has been cnl ! He nays liml some sirliigeiit measures
led for Unit evening in lie1 Ni-her's; «lirmli| be adopted in stop (he young-
Hall there, under the aiisplies of thej H|er.-t from pl.iylng around ihe trains,
tli   ".Hire  M, i blent*.   'I'll!   Ii'iimei,   If  ll.|.-
clentilng out of the entire Issue. There
are some choice ndverllslng spaces
available yot, ond application should
ho made ut once, ppnldlng tho pho-
tograpliei   hah  done his part   ot  the
Unliable gift fer friends In the onn1, or
the west either, would be hard to find.
WITH THE DISTRICT OFFICIALS
Vice-President Stubbs went to Corbin en Thin ,-nlii> to look into mumc illtv
work well, and we hope In a few weeks| trU-f business.
to be nIik in niiiioiitu-e the complellon \ l-roMdent Powell wnn-n in irom K«l*
of the undertaking. Those sendlngj mniilen ihnl nil Is going nlnng well. A
In orders wbldi will require to beblR mass meeting U to tie held ihcre
mailed idinuld Include IT, cents (inMage, | on Monday to protest agniiiHt (he X-
Each hook will be encloned In n strong j hour infi-lnginent.
Uilnei'a--    tin'   meetllil'  tn   lie   (iddri'iiei!
by President Powell, lm, OrgMiil/.er T,
1-3, James ami other prominent men.
New Af-reemcnts
' Presldenl  Powell, assisted by fug,
.lames,  linn  concluded   two or  three
agreement)' In thai dlitlrh I under very
adV«'l'He    cIlellliliallllM eia, 'I'll'-    n|ie|.
ntors wero openly iiggresslvn to the
union and liad diNcrlmiiiuted niiiiiin.i
members, However, the trouble has
been nettled nud th" men Imve been
reinstated under '•iiil.Hfnctory cciudl-
tlous. ,
hahii is allowed to , otuinue
CARPENTERS WANTED
l.ir.1,1    h»nd    i„i ii,    ,iii ad;,
work at lllllcre.Ht. Wages: the
ni lieilllle I ill., ui' ihe I',   M ,  W,
of A. Apply Mines Office Hill-
i rest, Albeitn. Steam heated throughout.
Hot and cold Baths.
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading   Commercial  Hotel
HYMN OF THE
We have seen ihe reaper toiling in the
heat of ihe summer sun,
We have seen his children needy when
the-harvesting was done,
We have ^een, a mighty army dying
hopeless, one by one
While  their flag went  marching
on.
Oh, the army of the wreihced. how
they swarm tbe eity street!
We have seen them In (he night when
Goths and  vandals meet
We have .shuddered in the darkness at
the noises of their feel
Ilut their cause goes inarching on.
Our slaver':- marts are empty, human
flesh no more Is sold,
Where the dealer's fateful hammer
wakes the clink of leaping goldw
•But the slaves of the present more relentless powers hold,
Though the "world goes marching on
Hut no longer shall the children bend
above  the  whizzing wheel;
We 'will free the weary women from
their bondage under steel;
In the mines and in the forests worn
and helpless man shall feel
His cause is marching on!
Then lift your eyes; ye toilers, in the
desert hot and drear,
Catch the cool wind from the mountains; hark the river's voice is
near; 4
Soon we'll rest beside the fountains
"and the dream land will be
here!-
As we go marching on!
WHAT   IS   A  SOCIALIST?
Robert   Hunter:—Humphrey   Camp-
, bell has started an interesting discus- if you believe in this or that.
animation in doctrines and principles;
they know only that they are part of
a worldwide struggle which is being,
fought industrially and politically for
their emancipation.
Nor are they asked as to their benefit in the class struggle. That would
ho nearly as absurd as to ask a Sherman in thc midst of battle if he believes in war. R matters little whether he believes in war or not. Ho is
at war!
And that is precisely the case' with
the working class. Not for one mo-
me'iit of their lives are they free from
war. From daylight until the fall
of noighl, year In and yoar out they
keep on fighting to keep themselves
out of abject slavery.
The work .of Socialism is to organ:
ize the workers into an independent
political organization. "We must do
here' what they have done in every
European country—carry the class
strugglie from the industrial to tho
political field. 0    '
To make the working class the arbiter of its own destiny, to make it
conscious of its role in social evolution, to make it. fearless, independent
and self .reliant is all conscious Socialists can do.
Tlie suggestion made by our friend
Campbell has led us away from our
real work.     ,   , ',
It will not be long before Demorcats
and Republicans will declare their belief in Socialism, it will not be long
before the leaders of the parties will
try to disrupt Socialism by declaring
themselves to be Socialists.
It is easy for men to say they believe in Socialism or in any other doctrine but the time is now near for
the working class to organize its revolt
And in that hour we shall not ask
The
the Bucks  stoves and ranges
made by non-union labor.
That is their sole offense. Now consider these facts. ,
The Hatters association agrees not
to employ union labor. They not only
make such an, agreement but they enforce the agreement by heavy financial penalties.
They not only demand that'- tho
members of their union blacklist the
hatters union, but that Iky .shall boycott unto destruction all forms' of "union labor.
And that is not all. Thoy not only
use the blacklist,and the boycott but
they use the power of Ihe state and
the courts to enforce (ho black list
and the boycott.
Sam Gompers never sought to spy
out members of*lho Amorlcan Federation . of Labor who bought Bucks
stoves and ranges. .,
Ho never endeavored io have a union man expelled from his union for
buying a Bucks stove or a Bucks
range.
Tie never hauled a single union, man
into court to'punish lilm for violating
the unfair list of the American Federation of Labor.
But the courts drag Gompers and
his associates before thom,-read them
an insulting tirade and sentence them
to prison for doing what is much
less offensive than what the courts
are now assisting the hat makers to
do In blacklisting and boycotting union labor. ' ,
sion.
He has asked for admission to the
Socialist party on the ground that he
believes in public ownership democratically administered.  He   thinks that
_f l-..ci_liftli/sf_oc.Qn_nrf iflix f*»f_f i. i *t Vl pillTllf.
"   tUIO~uL*lVl*7l*'-l"(*l«~«» v»\.»*j—V^«-—i.ivtv*-l|- V* wq1'«-
to ,be sufficient and that the class
struggle, as an article of faith,' is superfluous.
He has' written to the editor of the
Call and to others,, including- myself,
for an opinion of this view.
He shows, In what be writes, that
he acknowledges the class struggle,
but he believes it unwise to keep out
of the party thousands of people who
believe in public ownership,.but are
as yet undecided as to the class struggle.
This brings up an old question, one
that has been discussed almost continuously since the birth of modern
Soclnlism.
■ No two parties in tho International
have adopted the samo qualifications
for membership. But no well founded
party has' ever ignored the class struggle
Any trade unionist may join most ot
the European parties without further
statement, ot his belief.
Tho loading Socialists havo hold
that a trade unionist must bo class
conscious for ho Is a part of tho
struggle.
Ills organization Is constituted to
fight capitalist oppression, Evon If
ho only struggles for a penny moro
an hour he Is engaged In a class conflict. Whon ho and his fellows decide to carry this conflict, on to the
political field, llioy become eligible for
momborshlp In tho Socialist parly at
once.
Almost anywhere In Mil ropo doctrinal tests are Ignored. The party
cares only lo know where a i.ian Is
In the actual class eoiifl''!l raging in
society. This is the es.*,.iice of Marxism.
The early Utopians bell.wed In he
eo-nporntlvo eominonweiinii. The Pa*
blnns today In I'.iigliind'b'.'love In the
cooperative coniiuoiiwea!"i, John
IhiriiH and ArlHlldim Hi* nml believe
In Ihe eonpeiallvo coiiii; ni.v.-cnllh.
They differ 'rem HocIiiIIkI.-. In denying ihe class ,-irii--;ilo and In believing ihnl tin* ciipllnllsl class iv;
well liileniloned and may he pin-uad-
ed In ciitahllHli Hie co-opernl'vi
Hion wealth.
S-'o far as the .senllnioiil.il nldc of So.
cliilh-m hi i inu'orned, these men have
no .piniTcl with Socialism. They be*
lliive coopi'tallon U impel lor to com-
/■ i,M It Imi-   Tlllldl''  ownership superior 10
test of a Socialist will be whether he
fights with the producers against the
exploiters, with the with the working
class'or against the working class.
_i_!BER.T-Y-
THE   HEART OF SOCIALISM
By Laura B. Payne. The following
song was sung at one of her meetings by the author on July 4;
The nation's hills resound today with
*   songs of liberty,
And flags and banners waving high
Proclaim that we are free,
But mingled with our glad huzzahs
And 'enath the stripes unfurled
I hear the bitter groan of slaves
Down in the under world.
(Chorus)
0 liberty! 0 liberty!
How wo long and pray for thee—
0 liberty! 0 liberty!
When will thy triumph ho?
When the earth's redeomed from poverty.
And crime shall be no more
When tho torch ln thy uplifted hand
Shall Bhine from shore to shore.
Our father's died in freedom's causo
And broke a tyrant's chain
Bequeathed to us through blood and
toarH' ,,
A wido nnd froo domain;
Ilut. nh, ahiB! tho hnnd of greed,
This Is tho heart of Socialism. Yot
this Is the thing that Its onemlos
novor discuss.
Through     cunning      and  through
stealth
Has In tho name of llhorly
Deprived us of our wonlth,
(Chorus)
And so today (here runs a strain
Or sadnoHS through our songs,
Por   the people, bent and sluflllod,
Aro crushed beneath tliolr wrongs;
Thoy  wnll. a  revolution  now
To break the tyrant's chain j
Hestoro lo them their human rlghlHJ
And make ihein froo ngnln. i
ONE LAW FOR THE RICH—ONE
FOR THE POOR
A few days ago lho hat iiiiiiiiif/iotur-
ers of    Danbiiry, Conn., ennio to nn
iigronitiPtit wllh lho Halters union
eoi'i-JNotlli' tho Ht ri ko.
'    Almost  Imiiieillalely the iisHiiclnled
f So* hat mnnufncliirers brought net Ion for
I ilai'iin „' (ci niln imi' einoiif agal'i'
Do you believe that tho worker
should control his work'and enjoy his
product?
.   If you believe this then you are a
Socialist. . ,     '
You may know nothing about the
materialistic interpretation of history.
It would be bettor for you if you did
but you are still a Socialist.
—You"may"""not-beTablo"tO"expIain-how-
it is that surplus value is taken from
the worker. If you could you could
do much better work for Socialism.
But you can be a Socialist without
knowing this theory.
You  may not know that  you  are
waging the class struggle,5 and there
foro you may work against the very'
' thing that you desire,     If so, then
your Socialism is still Ineffective and
in all probability you aro are unconscious of it.
But tho heart of Socialism, tho central Idea which lies at Ils base, is that
the worker shall control his .work and
enjoy his product.
Do you believe in that?
Can you prove that It Is not right
and socially dcsirablo?
Can you show any way by which
the worker can control Ills work and
got his product wlillo someono else
owns tho things—tho mills, mines, tho
factories nnd,the tools with which tho
work in dono?
CEn you suggest nny way In which
all the workers—montnl nnd manual-
can own theso things Individually? It
they can not own them individually,
mint, thoy not then own thom collect*
Wely, if thoy aro to control their own
work nnd havo thoir own   product?
Tou agroo to all UiIh,do you? Thon
will you ploi\BO explain nny botor way
of getting this collective ownership
and giving tho workoni powor to control thoir work and onjoy lliolr product than for Ihe labor**.*.! lo uso thoir
I ballots.
If you agroo with IIiIb conclusion,
then you are a Soelnllnl, who should
bo In the Socialist parly. That Is
all you nood to bollovo. That Is the
whole creed.
No ono will ask you iihoui your religion.     Ynu may ho Jew or (lentlle,
Catholic, Uiilhonin, lln-illst, Hplrlliml-
hil, theoHophlst, Dnwlnlla or nihlost.
If you   want the workers to mining*'
work, and enjoy Iho product no (|uon-
tlotifi will he asked iih Io your religion.      If you hnve   n religion  that
to'maintains Unit sonieoiio who tolls nol
i Hhould   control  labor nml  onjoy  ■•■"
product llieu your rcHulon will Inter*
fere wllh your Hneliillmn.  Not otherwise.
There lu much more In Soclnlism,
\
I
0
•
0
0
\
I
0
0
i
P
ROGRESSIVE
F
E R NIE
PROFUSELY   ILLUSTRATED
100 : :   :   PAGES   : :   :   100
m^mmaii^mmammma^mmim/^^mn^^^a^aamaaan^e^aii^^mimme^^m^^maaammi^aaaaaaaaaaaaa^maaaaemmeamm^ma.
This book shows the wonderful
growth of the City of Fernie in
one year and deals exhaustively
.   with its advantages,, etc.,   etc.'
READY   IN    SEPT.
'  ' ORDER FORM
Fill in this form and place orders in advance. Price
50 cents. Return this order form to The District
Ledger, Fernie. B. C.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,   FERNIE,  B..£.
Please reserve for, me.., copies
of "PROGRESSIVE FERNIE" at,50 cents per
copy, for which is enclosed $	
Name
- i
i ^ i    .
Address
INCLUDI3  15 CENTS FOR POSTAGE
" I
Rates $2.50 and upwards.,
J: L. GATES, PROP.
I
A. Rizzuto
J. Cra.avi.-obd
Fernie Livery, Dray & Transfer Co.
ICE   FOR   SALE
Contracts Taken
Including Stump Pulling, L&iul Clearing and Ploughing.,
figure on your next job
I„et us
Rubber Tired Buggies, New Turnouts
RlZZUTO & CRAWFORD
0
HARDWARE
A full line of shelf and   heavy   Hardware in stock together  with a
*   complete range,of Stoves
Furniture Department
Our Furniture Department embraces tlie
most unique and up-to-date lines.*
Come in and have a look
J. D.  QUAIL
FERNIE, B. C.
I
THE TYPOS  LABEL
If each Typo, member eould no interested ln the label campaign, and
could be induced to contribute individually towards making it a sveccas,
the volume of effort would be replete
with results.
As wo can, wo arc trying to lntoreit
more and moro mombors. This must
bo proceeded with carefully and also
slowly, as is true of all union ventures, on tho theory that it is bettgr
to gradually absorb tho attention and
Interest of tho Individual,rathor than
overburden him with union requests
and thus paralyio, or rondor apathetic his union interests. What Is
most desired is that our member* will
call to our attention printed mattor
of general circulation that Is produced
(n non-union offices. Many publication!! containing tlio names nnd addresses ot firms.engaged In some particular lino of Industry and using Inrgo
amounts of printed mattor aro issuod*
and If copies of those woro Bunt to us
thoy would bo of groat aid In thn label
campaign. ., If In doubt send tho copies lo us and wo will dotorinhio. Evory
piece of printed nintter divert oil from
a non-union to a union offlco menus
additional employment for union man
at fair wagon, undor fair hours nnd to
this end suroly wo can nil exnrt our-
Helves.— President Lynch.
75,000 people turned out to do honor
to Lord Strathconn's home coming aftor fourteen years absence. It was
a remarkable demonstration of Interest in a man whose career has lbeen
ono of the most wonderful of any In
the history of the last hundred years
or moro.
Among the functions of tho Strathcona reception was tho presentation of
a handsomely engrossed address by
tho Executlvo commltteo of Canada's
International exposition.
Somo of the reasons advanced for
tho holding of tho International Exposition ln 1912 aro glvon as follows:
Tho dato selected for Canada's first
International Exposition Is tho conton*
ary of tlio first wlilt.0 settlement In
Western Canada by Lord Selkirk in
1812.
Canada Iiiih never had an exhibition
of tlio splendid, rich resources of tho
Dominion, blg_ onough and brood
onough to fll tlio groatonoss of tho
country,
An lutoruallonnl exposition is un-
doubtndly tlio best moans of advertising to iho world tho advanlagos opon
lu Cnniuln for tho Invest mont, of capital and I'or sottlors.
Polldck-Wine-eo~Ltd
Phone 79 Baker Ave. P.O. Box 2C£
; Wholesole, Importers and. Exporters
of Wines, Brandies, Cordials, Foreign
and Domestic'Whiskies' and .Gins.
Large stock of Fernet Branca, Italian,
Hungarian and German Wines, also
Norwegian Punch and Aquavit. Beer,
Porter, Ale and Cigars.*
Agents for Waukesha Arcadian Water, Schlltz Beer-and tho famous Elr.
Valley Brewing Co. Ltd. Beer, draught
and bottled.
Special attention given to famil/
trade. ■
Our Motto: Pure goods and qulcx
delivery.
Alberta Show
Case Works
Manufacturers   of
STORE FIXTURES
Calgary, „ Alta.
■*»
'the Uaiilniry nmiiiil'iiciiii*ern. 	
1 It ii|.|..*ai'H Mm Imi maiiiiructururR'fl-vliiK Hi" Inborc-r llm cnnlrol ol his
I hnvo a union. They tdgn t-ontme-»| Inlior and IiIh product would revolu-
! ami agreements .mil put up hoti-iv to11*■••*■■••*•■' ■-■■■'*.>
eoit union labor
.MlliellllK'THI*  !,IU*'l'l'.t,llllll'!
ilium 'tiun
.$.■■00.1100 nre iii-hiK iilpw-il upon the real'. •■iutoIbh seek to draw attention from
inonotiolv, .
Iiui   Mnrx and  KiikoIh, -Inures anil .iiimuij uy Hie iltn.is-.iuii ol' thu u.i*..n*i.i- •••'
iiiici-.de. l.lchliiieehl nml Hebel, Hurdle j Hon.
mid il- I'mipe have refused tu uhikIiIit. It Ih a dosed Miop and the Mnnu-
HncliillHtn merely iih a vImIoii of f n-', I'liclui ern tililon havo decided lo boy
lure wielfitY.
Tlieir life worlc Iiiih been lo organise
and I'llueate the working elans. They
have talien part In every revolt, nf the
worKlm: elans, led lis nti*IU".i, fought
its industrial nnd political bullies, nil
the time pointing out that tlio work-
In,, i I.i.,ii iiiUi-,1 form u 1)1,11', it nl p-ir'.y
independent of and distinct from all
Mlitr  political  pill Hi'*.
Millions of HociallMii in tlie working
i*k*sK pnrili-K of Europe know lens Ro
till, 1,41    lll.Ml.,. ..ay*, . •»..
'.'■■•lll'jik'jr* liml dipend upon
social juiraiill Iiim for life would then
illsiippenr,.
|    Tlmt In why the mont powerful for*
i re* In present Hoi'loty fight HoclnllHin
' ... .        .ri mm ..,    (..    , ,,Xi,.   W,<
(.HU        .,,.       4.a4'a>a«.       a... I I. * *r "J
THE WINNIPEG EXPOSITION
Lord Sti'iilhcoiiii'H vlull lo Winnipeg
- -IiIh old homo-- wnH (he biggest
ililngH In Exposition elrnloH lor the
xx'i'i'h. Tlw Expnulllon eoiunilllee
lolneil wllh the civic uiithorlllPH In giving Ciiiuidu'ti high cnuimlKi'lnucr a
Ki'ont reeeptlnii—llie biggest. In point
of number el' people iitMoniblcd and
enth.mlnHin shown, thai has ever been
given In Winnipeg.     For more than
■t  aaillia nn Tlli-mlm* nvmiitn   Mnlll Ml reel
nnd l'nrtnire avenue, dm people stood
In a massed line along either side of
the pnrndo of fiirrlnecH, military and
torch hearers , and ii In ostlmuted that
§Q BECQMTNQf
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date .
Handsome  Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and. NIGHT
j Fernie Dairy I
FllESH MILK
delivered to all
parts of'tho town
DOBSON & WILLINGHAM
PROPS.
1
♦ »♦♦»»♦♦♦-»♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦
Great Northern RaiFy
Fast Time and
Good Connection
To All Points East and West
Leave Fernie 1.00 p. m.
Arr. Spokane  11      „ ",
Onlv ?A hours from Femlfi to Seattle and Vancouver
She—Do you think tlie huts nrej
becoming this fleaaon ?
He—Yea; becoraina *won&
H. L.   BLACKSTONE, Agt
FERNIE
te
eiitule and luinli iieeountu of the Danbiiry  llOHHI'f.
Now we want, union labor from ono
end of the cniintry to the othor to eon*
),|,l, f  tli*..v.  fnri'i
You will remember that Ham tluni
■lei;* wa:: qjjolnnl for fioyottlni** «b"
lluck Stovo and Kongo eottipany,  lh
Dw central thought of HuelnllHin. Tlmy
are not deceived. Tlmy nro oppose
ed to Jiifd thla linulo prlnelplo. They
do not wnnt labor lo mio produellon
and 1,-eep the product. Thoy wnnt tho
piirnHltea io I'Ohh lho worliora nnd to
tiilft- the lion's nhiirii nf the product.
Dm. ihey do not dnm   to nay thlH.
..,«,. „..n,,, ,,. ,,.., :  .- ..*- .... ,*>nd IiIh ..m-odntn*-, wer* held for con*! Therefore Ihey Ilo about Boclnlliifnnd
,-l.illsi U.-oiy tlmn llen.nni Sliaw, Hld-itemp! of court and may bo In tho fall; nay that It means nil iomb ««»■"«■
ney Webb, John Iliirnn   or AtIbIIcI^hjB*»nt to prlnon.
that  were never advocated by    nny
llrlaml.  Tiny haven't been ndmlttod i    They were l.r-M in contempt of tonrt j SoMalln organic Ion In th« world.-
u. tU M<cLU.it nwt> by p.u;..!uK an •">:■ \lwcvtttr. tbey Infnrnwd onion men Ihnl Phlraan SoelalUt.
Not a Drop of Alcohol
What is a "tonic"? A medicine that increases the strength
or tone of thc whole system. What is an "alterative"?
A medicine that alters or changes unhealthy action to
healthy action. Name thc best "tonic and alterative"?
Ayer's Sarsapariila, the only Sarsapariila entirely free from
alcohol Ask your own doctor all about'lb Never take a
medicine doctors cannot endorse.   }.CJyerCo..LoioeH.Mau.
Without dally action of tht bowili poisonous products mutt bt absorbed. Then you havt
bnpure blood, biliousness, headache. Aik your doctor about Ayer's Pills for constipation.
Singer Sewing Machines Co.,
Fernio, B. C.
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you
can get one for $3.00 a month ?
J. Pf H00LAHAM, Agent, opposite Coal Co.'f ofllce, Pellat Ave.
m f    , ■.'.-'■ v
THE DISTRICT LEDGER. FERNIE,    B. C. SEPTEMBER 4 1909
PAGE THREE
i
mi'
W
I
STEAMER CRASHED
ON SUNKEN
Heroic Operator Flashes Call For
Help as Vessel founders—
7    Passengers Saved
KETCHIKAN, Alaska, Aug. 27—One
of the'most' remarkable stories of heroism at sea with the magic wireless
again .playing its marvellous part in
the saving of lives, will mark the history of the'destruction of the big steamer Ohio which crashed into, a rock
off Steep Point nt l,o*clock this morning and went down a total loss, carrying to their death six mon. The
reported dead are:
Purser Stevens of Seattle.
Georgo Eccles, wireless operator of
Winnipeg. " !
* Though only four others are' reported to have been drowned it is said a
number of others arc still  missing
Mr. J. Honey, a prominent railroad
contractor for the Guggenheim interests, who escaped from the doomed
ship, wired the following:
"Stephens and others went down
while trying to savo the lives of passengers, instead of looking . to their
own safety. Stephens could; easily
have saved his own life had he given
a thought to his own safety."    '
The news of the wreck was flashed
"by wireless by Operator Eccles as soon
as the ship struck the rock.
.The new wireless call for help, "S.
O. S. S. 0. S.-' went flashing out
through the air. It was picked up by
wireless^operators on board the steamers Humboldt and .Rupert City.
Eccles barely had life to flash the
information that the Ohio was sinking
and told the other ships what her location was.
Almost instantly alhe Humboldt and
Rupert City had started .toward the
scene, when suddenly tho wireless op
erators on the two ships found ..that
they had "lost" 'the Ohio, This omin-
out information led to the belief that
they were in danger, of being too late
or that the. operator on the Ohio had
deserted his post.    - ■     ■■
The developments showed that   Eccles played the part.of a hero to the
-■  lastl and his shipmates sent word that
them to Swanson bay.' There they remained until Friday, morning at 1
o'clock when the steamer Humboldt
called and took Moof the passengers
north to Juneau. At 2.30 yesterday
morning the steamer Rupert City called at Swanson Bay and brought the
remaining passengers and crew down
to this city.. 0
TALES PEOM THE GOLDEN "WEST
him
they have no hopes of finding
alive,.
Georve C. Eccles lived in Winnipeg,
and is destined,to take a place in tlieI
list of thc new heroes of the "sea, even
ahead of tiie famous Jack Binns of the
steamer Republic.
It Is stated that Eccles could have
saved his own life had he not given
his whole timo to aiding other passengers. /
VANCOUVER; Aug. 28—Bringing
with her the survivors of tho steamer
Ohio, 196 In numbor, not counting the
men who nro now standing by the
wreck, crowded on the dock of the
steamer looking wiih eager eyes at the
wolconio shores of Vnncouvor, thc SS.
Rupert City reached port-today noon
from the north', With her, also, laid
awny with all duo honor to him, Is tho
body of George A. Eccles, tho heroic
Unitod' wireless operator who gavo up
his lifo In order to send messages to
summon nld, to tho fast sinking steamer,
Briefly, as told by a mombor ot tlie
crew of tho Ohio toeY.y Iho fcicln of thr
wreck live.   ,
Tho Ohio was northbound from Seattle lo Vnldoz, having loft tho formor
port August 24. At 1 o'clock on
Thursday morning Inst In tho midst
of heavy rain mid pitch darknosH and
a strong gnlo blowing, ulio fltruck on
tho submerged roof in llloklsh Narrows known gonorally now as Spiro
Roof, and sank within thirty minutes
nftorward. On tho deck of tho ship
at. tlio time woro Night Wntehninn N.
W. Mnhonoy, Pilot Snow on tho brldgo
and Third Mate .TohniiRon. It, wim
Captain A. .lohnson'H wntch below at
the tlmo,
Iinniodlately after the vessel struck
thoro wore two or throo heavy biimpH
an sho ploughed over tho root nud the
pnflsongoi'H, nil In their hortliH, wero
nwnknnod by theHO and lho officers.
Time wiih nol, given for any one to
save ii llilng hut all nmhod lo the
deck dreHHod iih IiohI thoy had time,
From below deck Hwnrined upward the
Htnerage piiHwongerH, largely forelgnorH
all or them panic stricken iind fighting
their way lo tlio JlfobonlH, which were
lining rpilc-lcly mndo rendy, Hoinnrk*
nblo 11 Is to bo noted that, nlnioul per-
feet quint rolgnod among the women
nnd chlldron owing lo thn work of tlio
officers who promptly quelled nil at*
.*,,,< , ,   ■ i
ICillJ'"*   VI    H»',*'    IUH.11,111.1.-,    il*    Unlit    L.L.
l.Wll*'.
Tho women nnd children wero all
Hnfely lowered Into tlio boala and thon
tho mon of lho crow and pnHHongnrB
woro taken off,.     Tlio hint to loavo
As nearly as can bo estimated from
statements of passengers and crow it
Is probable'that fifteen lives wore
lost,in the wreck'. •■
At least soven are known io be dead
as follows:
Purser Fred Stephens
Wireless Operator George A Eccles
of Winnipeg.
Quartermaster Albert  Anderson
A soldier
Three, steerage passengers
Of theso Eccles lost his life in the
wireless room, where ho sat with a
lifo-■ preserver around his waist, answering location calls and sending out
distress calls to the steamersj Humboldt aud Rupert City.
It is stated that Eccles could not
have been killed but for tbe explosion
which shook the vessel's latter deck
apart, as it was found that his head
was badly ciit and crushed, showing
that the shock of the explosion had
rendered him. unconscious and cut off
his escape.
Tho quartermaster lost his life in a
gallant effort to save the life of a soldier who, had been awakened by a
friend, thinking evidently that, the
danger was exaggerated. Anderson
went down into the cabin and was never seen again.
The body of •'Eccles, the operator,
was recovered Friday morning after
it floated ashore a distance from the
spot at which the Ohio went to the
bottom.
The'5 tale of the "disaster as related
today by members of the crew and passengers carries with it many notes of
pathos and the fullness of heart of big
men and women-: There were but ton
life-boats-and-five—life-rafts-on-the
Ohio    and    these ■ were' successfully
It is easy Enough to be Pleasant
When -Monday goes by Like a Dream,      »
When the Labor is Light—
This Linen is White
And You're Not Choked to Death
By the Steam
i °
It Is Easy to Banish Your Troubles
*. ti
With Golden West Soap for a Friend:
'Tis the best in the West
And we Beg to Suggest
You Can Also—at all Times—Depend
on
Golden West Washing: Powder
It Cleanses—Purifies—Beautifies
Save Coupons for Premiums
ORPHAN HOME
IS BURNED
Seven Children Lost their
Lives in  Fire—Ail
Others Saved
THE   CANADIAN   BANK
OF COMMERCE
HEAD OFFICE TORONTO
ESTABLISHED  1867
B. E. WALKER, President
ALEXANDER  LAIRD, Gen.  Manager.
Paid-up Capital    $10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Cana-da, and in United States and England
Every facility afforded to farmers 'and u
cits for the transaction of   their hanking
COUNTRY BUSINESS
i*
business.   Sales notes will bo cashed or taken i'or collection.
BANKING BY MAIL
equal facility.
Accounts may
deposited   or
H. W. TRENHOLME,
be opened by mail and monies
withdrawn   in  this way with'
... Manager, Fernie.
When she approached the Johnson
wharf her decks wero black with
peoplo.
The Ohio, when she left Seattle had
79 passengers on the saloon and 61 in
the steerage. Her complement of officers follows:—Captain A. Johnson,
first officer T. Cochran; second officer T. ^Steward; chief engineer,„ Raymond; second engineer, Hansen; steward, Sanders; second steward Gerts-
maim;' purser, Fred Stephens; quartermaster Albert Anderson; Jaoss'un,
Paddy Horn!
Standing by the wreck now are Captain Johnson, Chief Engineer Raymond
Bos'un Paddy Horn and Mate Cochran.
The vessel lies in about five fathoms
of water with a heavy list to port."All
that can be seen of her above the water line is a portion of thc bow, masts
and funnel. .
Claim  Fifteen are Lost
That there may be other passenger*
on tho steamer Ohio who lost their
lives in this wreck in addition to those
already known to have perished is the
belief of Mr. C. N. Pring, a well
known northern mining man who was.
on board at the time-of the. accident.
Mr.' Pring, who is largely interested in
mining property at Cordova, Fairbank
and other places in Alaska, camo down
with the other.survivors of the Ohio
MINISTER IS
ARRESTED
IN EAST
Showed Samples of Fruit
Claimed to be grown
*,*
on B. C. Lands
NEW YORK, Aug. 31—That seven
little children, inmates of St. Malieh's
home for children at' Rockway Park,
L.I, were suffocated in a fire which
destroyed a portion of the home last
night, was discovered by firemen today when they were digging in, the
ruins.
Nearly all of the dead are under five
years of'age. The portion of tho dormitory in whicli they slept was directly over the laundry, in which place
the flro 'was discovered -at' about 8
last night:
Three hundred and fifty -small children were in their cots on tho third
and . fourth floors of that wing, and
some of the older children were attending the evening prayers In the
chapel. . ,.
As the alarm sounded tlio older ones
walked from, the chapel to the board
walk along tho beach and the attendants began to carry tho little childrqn
from the floor above.
■ Firemen in searching the building
found a few children in the halls who
were too frightened to leare the
building.
The rescue work had been conducted with such dispatch that it was.at
first thought that all the inmatci "had
been taken out.
The Hebrew home nearby with a
largo number of inmates wa» mved,
all its occupants escaping with no injuries.      ' '*"
•tV.'a.   <a»>U'a4»4fc>->4.     .'..,..*.      'I*   •
elitnnn Cnptnin JolinBon nnd lila mnto
T. Coclirnn. Scarcely lintl llio last
bont loft tlio wreck whon thoro wnn nn
explosion of Btcnm nnd wntor, which
toro tho after deck npnrt nnd sont tho
nlilp to tho bottom nt onco.
Bivouacked on Beach
Tho anvetl pfiHPeiiKeri* anil uruw hi-
votmckort on tho bench nonr tho rock
whero tho veteel struck until 9 o'clock
Thuardny morning when tho Bteamor
Kingfisher picked thom up nnd took
launched by the crew with Chief Officer Cochran standing by calm and
a'very lion of courage. It, was desperate work, his.men say, (o get him to
leave the steamer until the very la-s:,
when with the captain and mate he
wns compelled to leap' into -tho water-
over the side of the vessel. The three
men were picked up by a life boat, but
many of tho crew who were compelled
to leap Into tho wator had to swim 200
yards in the blackness of night to the
boach.
,The courage of lho women stands
out among other Incidents of the
wreck. Thoy submitted quietly to
tlio directions given and made all possible haslo to got'Inlo tho life boats
so Hint not a soul wns Jost iu this
way and not a boat was upset in the
water.
Purser Stephens had enry chance
lo save his life. While si milling ori
the deck ho was urfiod in p it on a
life presorvor, but roftifiJcl nnd finally
wont down Into tho snlooi, miyiiifj he
guossod ho would go -.liv. md got.
his pnpor Ho wns novor hooii ni^nlii
nftor thnt.
Nono of tho pnssongors, except Mrs.
Mooro, wife of Cnptnin Mooro of the
stonmor Doi'ii now on tho Alnskn const*
nl run, so far ns roportod, Hiivod nny
of thoir effecth from Ihe wreck. Mrs.
Mooro wns lucky lo got two trunks
nflont, ntul tIioho ronohod tho shorn ln
wifely. However tlio nood for dry
clothes, food and Hliollor wns not long
unfiiitlfflcd.
Tho crow nud pnoHongorH of tlio
Ohio nro uiiiinlmriiifl In iheir high
prnlsoH of lho KliiRflHlici' nnd the work
of Iln mon, doing nlong TlnirHilny
morning the KlnRflBhor took llio en-
tiro pnrty lo Swiuihoii liny nnd while
en routo tho vow-el'ii'' cook mtppllod
ovory one wllh iifiond nieiilfi nnd emptied evory looker to provide dry clothing I'or llio men. *
At, RwniiHon    liny the rosldontH of
tlmt plnco tHi-nod out en iiiiiiiho   nnd
gnvo up lliolr liodH, Iiouboh mid tliolr
clnllioH     llliinkfitB     wero produced,
mid Ihrougli tho great RonoroBliy    of
M.   J,   Money,  the  wrnllliy mllroiid
emilmotor who wiih n pnHHonger on
the Ohio, everything In tlio wny   nf
cIolhOB or food BupplloH Hint, could bo
obtnlned wan puroluiHcil foi' the pnaa*
eimni-H nnd crow.      Mombors of tho
crow ho furnlHliod with tohncco nnd
pIpoH, nnd through lii« lUiiiiiiess   mid
tho klndnoHH of overyono who was in a
position to d9 nny thing It wns not long
before tho Hhlpwroekod peoplo woro
of the opinion Hint thoy woro linvlnu
tho tlmo of their lives,     'ino honor
of tho preceding hours wns much lightened . •
Tho KlngflBhor It i« roportod took
121 pnBBcnBorB niul SO inomborB of tho
Ohio crow to SwnnHon Iky. TIicbo
were gntherod tip by the Huperf. f!|ty
•with tho exception of tlio number Hint
wuut north to Jution on the Humboldt.
It nddltlon Uio import City lad nearly
300 other pnsscnRcra this morning,
nmons whom wero ninny orientals nr*
rlvlni? from tho northorn cnnnorloa
MONTREAL, Sept. 1—The Rev. F.
Allison Currier B. A. of Toronto, who
has had charge of a, Woodstock, N.
B., church, and who was formerly a
pastor,of a prominent church in Winnipeg, was arrested in Woodstock today charged with obtaining money un-
der false' pretences.
It is alleged that he has been selling lots in Watchern valley,1 B. C, and
claiming that it was ,a paradise for
fruit farmers and showing samples of
fruit which he said was grown there.
WESTERN  INSURANCE BUSINESS,
Fire    Underwriters    Association
Been  Divided  in Two
Has
TORONTO, Sept. l-;Thc Canadian
Firo Underwriters association, which
has been divided into two portions,
one for'Quebecand the maritime provinces, and the other for the western
provinces and the* Yukon territory.
The business of the west has grown
so rapidly in the last few years that
all the big companies are appointing
representatives and securing offices in
on the steamer Rupert City and reach,
ed here today.' ^
. ''Although there aro fifteen drown*
ed as far as is known," said - Mr,
Pring "there may easily be half'a dozen others who may never be known
because their names did not figure
on the passenger list and wore known
only1 to the purser, and he, poor fellow, is past telling now. .Take my
case for instance, I did not buy a ticket at tho offlco as I was busy right up
to the last and had to rush down just
as the gang plank was being pulled up
and bought n ticket*on board. Now
1 know of at least half a dozen others
wlio did tho samo thing and thoir'
names, nor mlno, could not l'iguro on
tiio passengor list. ■  n
"Then In tho first rush to got into
Lho boats, white ovciylhing was done
in a vory orderly ninnnor, considering
tho circumstances thero wns ono man
whom I know bo.ight Ills tlckot on
lho bont nt tho snmo tlmo ns I, did,
jumped Into tho wntor nonr our boat.
It wiib so heavily londod Hint he wns
nol. nblo to got In ho, ho wns told to
hnng on tho sldo. Ho lost his holt
soinohow und tho bout drlf*.(-*,'l nwny .i
fow foot, I hold out a plko polo to
him but, JiiBt then n swell flllod his
mouth with wntor nnd ho Mink with
IiIh fingers just n few Inches nwny
from lho polo which ho wnn vnlnly trying to grasp,
Thnt Ib jiiHt ono iiiBlnnco I know
of. Thoro mny hnvo boon moro for
I horo wns coi'lnlnly a numbor bought
tlckots on boiii'd nftor the Hiilo nt. tho
offlco had Htoppod."
The charge is mado that these lots are
useless for fruit growing and, many
have been victimized.
The preliminary trial is taking place
now.
AN   INTERESTING  FAMILY
Every Housekeeper
values the opportunity  to  save,
Flany a penny may
toe saved toy pur-
chasing* all your
Pleat and Poultry at
our market.
Spring  Lanih,  .Mutton,   Pork and Hil) litiasts
"to  tempi  the appetite.
Nowhere   can    you find   such   a    variety
choose   from.
iinmediau
lo
Yoiir orders will   be
attention.
given    our
P. Burns 8c Co.,
Meat   Merchants
I
The 41 Meat Market Limited I
Thomas L. Lewis, president of the
United Mine Workers of America, has
an interesting family. It consists of
Mrs. Lewis and two daughters, Mary
and Margaret. The1 Lewis home is
at Bridgeport, Ohio. Mrs. Lewis and
the girls havo como to Indianapolis ■''"
spend two or three weeks.
Whilo Mrs. Lowls is distinctly domestic in her • tastes and prefers to
look after her homo life rather thnn to
tako part In club work, sho is intensely interested in tho work of her
husband, who Is nt tho hond of ono of
tho greatest labor organizations ln tho
•world.
Mrs Lowls roads the nowspipors all
tho..tlmo nnd keeps closely in tjiic.li
with anything tlm* concerns iho mtii'
ers orgaiii/.ntlon. „
Miss Mnry Lowls,'15 yoam old, liln lho junior yenr nt:tho B.ldgepor!
high schools, Miss Mnrgnro:, who Is
il yonrs old, Is uluo nil ending school,
MR.^nrot tnkos n vltnl lutoreBt ia nil
mining inntlorH. Sho believes th'it
whatever her fnllier does In conner*-
Ion with tho minors Ih for1 tho bost In-
tofoBtH of lho orgniil'/ntloii.
"Sho Ih lho fighter of tho family,"
Bnld Jii*. Lewis, "und Is rendy to do-
fond her futher In nny emergency."—
IiidliuiiipolU Nowh.
Winnipeg, Regina, Edmonton and in
Vancouver so that claims from the
west* can be .settled without reference
to the offices at Montreal or at Toronto.
. It is computed that more than four
hundred million ..dollars worth of in-
c* ■
surnnco is now in force.in the western
provinces and the Yukon territory, and
this business can only bo satisfactorily
dealt with on tho spot.
Wholesale and  Retail Butchers
Back to our Old Stand
We beg to announce to our many customers that we have removed to our old quarters next the Etnk of Commerce pending the
erection of our new building opposite the King Edward hotel.
§
STRIKE FRACAS
. HAMILTON,' Out., Sept. 2—Joseph
Feeley, a strikebreaker from Toronto,
was sent to jail for two weeks today
for assaulting James Ripley, secretary
of tho lorn Moulders Union. Feeley
was beaten by union men who camo lo
Ripley's assistance.     '   ,
■'A vi
%    * '  *     " IK'
Andy   Hamilton f
Tinsmith and Plumber
KICKED TO  DEATH
| ,     We can furnish you with estimates in        &
$ anything in our line                        ^
ij! M
1 i
Two Dead Men
Two men are dead In our little town,
And one with money was loaded down;
Aund ono was of the good Ioiiq ore on,
A humble coy In tho Big Machine
Of what avail are the rich mnn'» rocks?
They'll nail him down In a costly box;
And goroeoiis garlands the heirs will bring,
And the priest will prench and the choir will sing;
And prancing* horses will haul tho hoarse—
The price will come from the dead man's purse.
But not a mourner Is really sad;
The ruri 'Winy wrnr, iwht»n the lii»nrt  li  filnH
The Hrnd <rt\;w nrvfi* bed In hin f.nul
Another wish than to swell his roll;
He lived to gather the    shining    bones;
He pinched   a   dime till you heard Ils groans.
Thr other man who has cro««ed the line,
And whom we'll plant In a box of pine, ,
Was ever ready to cheer
When old Miss Fortune waa camping near;
To help the troubles or soothe their pains
He'd go right down In his old blue Jeans
"To help n leluhbor'e a pleasuer sure"—
And that was the Ionic that kept him poor
He's dead and gone, and the people grieve;
And they shed real tears—net the make believe!
—Walt Maeon.
WINDSOR, Sept. 2—Tho body of n
mnn kicked und thrown into the river
lias been identified as ChnrloB Oron-
dorff, n former Inthor of Rldgolown,
Tlio fnllier Is n prosperous eontrnctor
there.
John Ilolno, or Mllwnukeo Is bolng
hodl by tho police.
SHEPARD IS
STILL BUSY
Former Roal Estato Agont
of Lothbrldgo now
In Portland
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading ('iniiineicial
mul Tourist  I louse
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
KING'S HOTEL
■
{ (Lelhlii'lilge ll-'rnhl*
ICll'llllliei,  lire oflell   lielil'd   coneerii*
lug Y. H.  .Slif'pliuid, who cut sueh n
wide tiwntli In LcihlirhlKo and Citlgiiry j |ia|
renl ohIiiIo, j
Many I'lieiulH in .\ll-i*tin an* uhwty*,;
anxious lo know IiIh ivli*>ii'iib*m!H, mid
especially ef the possibility of IiIh returning mi Ihnl he enn lie Interviewed
liy llii'iii. i
A few dny!'. ngo n letler wnn received In tho city from ripcrHon In l?pn*
Kll'le  WW* l,->  Men  in <|llillllle<l  Willi 111*; (
It,,I II       ill,*    |/ll'    *■»       ».t'.*4        U.,*'       J.l't*4il.,       *|*ll'a.*      .
u Utile al'.iiJl bl.s doings, |
The letter hiivh th.it Shep'ml did Up'
Spnlmiii' properly, leaving liiiT*- bllltij
fnr mlverllHlng, office help, automobile i
IhU'     i.t .,,-.il   ',     ti,.,,,,r-.    '-   .-iv'ii ,**\ipiv   ,
niixloiirt to Hen liliii with regard to cor*
lulu IiiihIh upon which I hey had pnld
liiHliilmentB nml lor which they hnve
no title.
Having worlit'd Kpokiiun to tho limit
the letter b/i.vh MiM he went to Denver
nml from then- wetii to 1'orlliiiiil, Ore-
i,
Hill.
Il li repot led that li" hti« deHcrted
tlin young wife Im brought to Loth*
bridge and tbnt sh** in InMinning pro*
ceedlngH for divorce.
-itipplicd   Willi   I lie   best    Wine-*,
l.il|tlu|n  it tilt   (  IK'H "
IMS'I Ml   IMMI.M   IN   tONNKt TlnN
JOHN P0DDIELANCIK, Prop.
Bap Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything;
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
C. W. DAVEY & CO., Props.
i*
SAD  NEWS
winter, tin- usiill of which will long
lli'l JtcUIHlC   lllS   IIICIIIUI >'.
Chinlej O'llrieti, M. |\ J'., Hilly Me*
VHtn '.   4:icl-   t i lii tn*1     ti.lm   tl'iieitmi
Me-lc MiVi'iy. I'ann ivili|i|eiv,     and
dozen.*-; of oiheiH of hi;, old romr.id.fi
will flint It luu.I in hcllcc Hint Vellv
Ihe'ofl'Hky  |i,  no  moir.       Il   i.s  Hiiro  the
J.-,]. ■Krellteel  inhH 1(1 Ihe S.'»'|ll|!nt  tllONcnicril
hi Canada »*111•«  tli-- like trngle drown*
Uu'   Oi   ,l<ilill    i.     nm I itllel'   IjlM   (nil.---
Hky, well lutiiown in wihiitii Oinnda |
).lll|tlli-.', .-".I Ulinllt, il p.lllli lll.nl>   l> ,.,i ,- \
tnble.      lie  wan ti bright, Hc'liol.irly,
KllllllKtf-lJ
(Vancouver W'mhl)
,,*.»..   II  14       41... ,   •    ..  .   *>*.      4       .,',',       >   l,a,   ..,., ,,        11.
ther indefinite, milking It clenr ihnt It,
VoIkoffHky, nnd utiniher worker, l-M,
Lui'iniire, h.'ive been drowned In
Atbiibnscii river nwny norlh of
tnontnn.      The (rntrle end of Voll;otf-
ftailif.s   rcwdutlenlst,  .irii]
nn eionomL*. rhu.-i lu Kdnnmieii laM
.\ti i .*"iIi;llilitlo:i   a\\] I.i- belli OII Si Jii.
lnth for Hteiim eiiRlneerH rertifleates,
for the prut im<> of Mln-tia in the <!»>
of Crank. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,      B. CSEPTEMBER 4 1909
?1.00 a year in advance. Address all communications to the "Manager" District Ledger, Fernie B.. C.
Rates for advertising on application.
We believe, through careful enquiry, that all the
advertisements in this paper are signed by trustworthy
persons, and to prove our faith by words, we will make
good to actual subscribers any loss incurred by trusting advertisements that prove to- be swindles; but we
do not attempt to adjust trifling disputes between
subscribers arid honorable business men who advertise,
ior pay tho debts of honest bankrupts.
This offer holds good for one month after the
transaction causing the complaint; that is we must
have notice within that time. , In all cases in writing
to advertisers say "I saw if in The Ledger."
W. S. STANLEY,
Phone.48;  Residence 9 Manager and Editor
. <U N iONtetf}LABEr>
^■aa^ThlSlT-''-  '
THE BRITISH MINERS SUCCESS A LESSON
I'm (liiwii iiii'itlier tally i'or organ iz'ed effort.
Tlie rniU'il UritisliTMiners liave won Iheir point,
and the minimum wiijre for the Scotch miners will
remain k! ii shillings ami nut f* and (! pence as
tlie Cuiil Owners' Association Iuul decreed a few
weeks ago.
Once more the efficiency of uniled nclion h.is
lioeii deiiionstniU'il, and unitedly, tlie' minors liav-j
won out.
Right here is a lesson that we should learn un
tlie American conlinent. Previous lo the formation of (lie National Federation ol Miners in Great
Britain, each little country, or county, settled i'or
itself and took what they could gel. or their oi-gan-
,  ization.had tire strength to secure.
Hut ivilh llio National Federation of Miners
and. Kule 2D I hoy have found a weapon of offense
and 'defence thai tlioy did not have previously,
and the employers may take this action as Ihey
desire. , After.they have done il. they have lo deal
with a united membership and thai rule Hint has
proved io be their undoing iii this case. ■
Next April, we, loo. have" a similar condition
to meet, and unless we meet it, as* a united force,
and stand as a united force, and refuse to be'divided inlo states or districts, but only discuss the
mailer as it affects the whole, we will be very liable lo come out of the deal al the small end of the
lioru. '        ' ' ■•■
Xlys jj-uioJjiucr-J.o divide ourselves by factional
■ strife ot: inlo district settlements. Every pound oi.
strength \y,e have will be needed to meet the opposition of thc common enemy, and it will have lo be
done as a united.body, and get for the miners the
best condilionjrobliiinahlc   consistent   witli" right
and'ju.stice. :
We cannot exert what strength .and influence
we possess if avo arc torn by dissensions in our own
ranks or divide into district -settlements, and we
must crush il in the interest of the men in the
mines and their wives and little ones.
The past two years of depression has caused
enough suffering to our craft without endangering
our future chances by personal bickerings and con-
lenlions.
The operators have, many of them, and some
are now, been seeking to secure reductions in mining prices, despite their contracts, whicli have not
.. expired.
If w(i do .not close ti]> the ranks we will invile'aii
a 1 Inck on our position, and tliere is no one can sen
the end of it.
0 Jn the interests of Hie men who work* in ilic
mines wc cannot afford lo have division at, Ibis
time, and Hie man or men who in*j! disposed to
wen ken us by division should be now relegated lo
llio rear.     ,
Close up tlie ranks and got ovory miner inlo llio
organization, should be tlie wnlf.liword of every
member if we, would make ourselves secure against
attacks which arc now tlircaloning lo come, from
I lie outside.
Wi; will be up against il good and hard next,
April and will need Ihe ablest, sliarpesl and the
shrewdest generals we can command lo take care
ol! I [it* inlcrosls of Uic miners nnd Iheir position
will be weakened if it,is known thai there is div-
i-don Jii'lu'oen llieiil. ll therefore behooves lis lo
lay aside evc.rylliing llm! is calcululcd (o weaken
us, and embrace -i]t Unit is calculated lo slrcngllicn
and iinile, A word lo Ihe wise should suffice,- -
Mine Worker.-* .loiirnal.
ment and.human freedom which are involved in
the issue. .      *"- '        •      •
It was to guard, so far as possible, against the
abuse of power on.the part of>the courts prevailing in monarchial countries, that it was written in
the constitution of the United States that freedom
of speech and freedom*, of the press sho'ald not he
abridged, even by"ah act of congress; and that
every citizen should be entitled'to a trial by a'jury
of his peers before he* niigbl be convicted of any
crime, •
And it is no reflection upon the judiciary of
our country to say .that the workingmen will nol
cease their agitation or abate iheir demands until
trial by jury-for every offense which involves
imprisonment shall have been established and recognized as the only true principle of free government and the.real guarantee of the impartial ad-
ministralion of justice.  ■
Public trials and impartial juries are essential
alike to the protection of the court and the accused, because the influence and weight of judicial
decisions must depend,, in a large measure, upon
the willing acquiescence, of all groups of'society.
To maintain the integrity and the righteousness of
the judiciary, it is important tbat the judges shall
have the assistance of ii jury in determining the
guilt nnd the measure of punishment, of each citizen
who is brought before a bar of justice for trial.
The liberty of a citizen is reasonably safe iii
tlie keeping of twelve fellow citizens; it should not
be entrusted to any one man, it matters, not whether he be monarch, judge or layman. The power
lo convict and imprison citizens of the United
Stales should neither be forced upon the judges of
or courts nor arrogated by them.' Especially is
this true when the process of enforcing the law is
secure and unfailing in the hands of a jury,
a The reasons assigned by .those who oppose trial
by jury in'contempt cases will fail to convince the
workingmen—who arc the greatest sufferers from
imprisonment in such cases—that trial by jury is
not essential to the proper administration of justice
when-Ihey observe daily men guilty of the most
atrocious crimes known in criminal jurisprudence
enjoying the constitutional guarantee of trial by
jury.  '
Surely the workingmen make no' unreasonable
demand wben they ask that when they are charged
with violating an injunction 'they be secured, in
the right,to the same'consideration that is given a
person who violates the criminal or oilier law of
the land.                        * *      *   - '
The proper solution of this issue must rest, in
large measure upon the intelligence of the working people. Il should be considered and discussed rationally and dispassionately; and the voice
of labor, true to its history and tradition, should,
go forth with renewed courage aiid emphasis, rc-
-(iiiesl.ing_aiid_demandinir-a7DrotrrcssLv_e imumve--.
BOLD BANDIT
MAKES BAD
THE FINEST LEAVES
From Ceylon Tea Plantations are contained in
Carried Away  a Bag-   of
New Pennies Instead
of Bag of Gold
facturers up to date, and prospects
are bright" for a complete victory.
Tliese strikers are receiving the benefit, of the prestige" of the garment workers, organization, though - they have
never contributed anything to it; rather they have been an obstacle in
the path of progress heretofore.    .
It is packed in sealed lead packets to preserve its fine flavor
and aroma. 40c, 50c and <,60c
per pound.   At ail.grocers.  "„   i
TEA
ment in'the conditions under which the toilers live
and work, together with such reforms in the law
as'will secure to them and to their' posterity the
fullest measure of justice and opportunity. - To
this they are entitled. They should be satisfied
with nothing less.
LEWISTON, Pa, Sept 2 -One of
the most audacious and staiiliu-5 holdups in the East for years o ■eiir-cd on
the east slope of thc-Alleghany mountains early yesterday when a lone
highwayman . stopped a Pennsylvania
express train with a dynamite cartridge, and at ihe point of a revolver
compelled the train hands to carry out
thousands of dollars in bullion from
an express car to a spot in the wilderness. When the conductor attempted to interfere with,thb bandit ho was
shot in the hand and the robber made
his escape.
In the darkness however he mistook
a hag containing 10,000 new Lincoln
pennies for gold coin and staggered
away with it, leaving the real gold
bullion to bo recovered by the railroaders.
When the news of the robbery reached the railroad and express companies' offices, they were deeply concerned at its boldness, and immediately
ordered every available detective from
the east and west to the scene in an
effort, to capture the,,bandit.' Bloodhounds were put oh his track but no
trace of the, man has been found as
yet.
Superintendent Preston and "other
officials-of the Pennsylvania Railway
have established headquarters at the
signal tower iiear thc scene ,in order
to make as thorough an investigation
of tho crime as possible.1
The general superintnedent and goneral manager of the Adams .Express
Company are also assisting in the
search.
The looted train was made up of an
engine, three express cars and two
sleeping cars filled with passengers.
At. about'1.30 a.m. it was running
through Lcwiston narrows, a wild and
lonely mountain gorge through which
flows thc Junita river when suddenly
a dynamite cap exploded and the engine driver in the engine brought the
train to a stop.     l*
When'he looked out to see what the
the labor movemeut in Retina or elsewhere fails to understand' the function
of government or to realize its- class
interests and the necessity of absolute
independent-political action on its own
account, just so long will there be'
produced from its ranks McNlvcns,
Molloys, Hungerfords and countless
others who will sacrifice principle for
what looks like personal gain.
The fault lies not so much with the
Individual ns in the fundamental nils-
conception of the mission of the international working class. It arises,
in brief from' a want of economic knowledge and a misunderstanding of the
aims and objects of international labor.
The triumph of industrial freedom
may not materialize in a day or in a
year; the workers ranks may, be liar-
boring ,many more recruits'for the
enemy's army; it may still havo In it
members who vote tho same ticket'as
the boss; but the evolution of industry, study and education and ". the
necessities of the world's jobless
slaves will contlnuo to produce men,
who, because of the" basis of their
convictions, rather than any personal
virtue, will remain (rue to themselves
and their class interests'. " ■■   „
And the international socialist movement is a testimony to the fact. The
rank and file will' yet learn where to
tie lo.—Labor. Pago of the Vancouver
World.
JOHN MITCHELL ON THE DUTY OF LABOR
"Tli'' ailvi'iil ul' another Labor Day suggests lo
ones mind tin' tunny aspects ol' Iln1 ever-l'i'i'iirring
nud iii'V'-r-i'iidiiig slruirgle ol' I lie liiil.-i'-i I'or lictlei'
cuiiililioiis i'il' life and labor.      Whilo in a liriii ar-
licl.,   i\'    k   Jiii|.<i-.mIi1->   In   review.   eVf'll   Ml|iel'l'ie|i||y
the hi.-ilniy nl' laborV progress or nod* 1 In* epoeh-**
which. like iiiilesloiio-,, murk the advance (*|' the
loilei.s dtiirng the past century, il* mny in>l be in-
appropriate al litis lime lo spent*; ol' one phase ol'
the lalior problem (lint will, no doubt, receive I'roiii
• i      , ■ i
thi      litmus     fiiit.-*.-.i ,i   .m  i »"*n**    > i mi,-u»i* I I. I 1,1.1    ,...'.    jM>,
klllti:  I'.SHMIMII   II,,*1   U,VM'MI,*i   ill   lilt     Ifiliiilf till,!    I l>  ii'panV
Hi nil iirf us ol' Hns year,
Kiich generation bus Iuul and each will havo its
own peculiar problem to solve, and    while    1 lio
i •   , i • r*   '    • i • 1 • l i ■    •.    , i
It I. ,«,'*,        'HI        ,   .* ,1,   <a       '  ' I        . ..,) ,1*.       , *    '.'      '  * >'  *       .4    1* ,.   -ri ...a....
williin tin- lust decade, yet it is safe to sny ihnt
tin- wrongful ii"*e of whal was primarily a lii'in'IV
cnl imd necessary legal process, lias liecoini* acute
within tin* past ten years; and perlmps no action
has ;«niiiHcd so miieli interest or caused .such universal protest as the injunction issued hy Justice
tiuiilil and tin* infiiinoiih dt'cUion rendered l»y Justice Wright.
The fpn-Mioii of whether or not tlu- defendants
in this eiwiw tthall lh: reipimd tn serve. tCNUK of im-
jirisomjii.nl shAts into jiiaiutiifirrmtM* vlii-n <-omj>ar-
,-,\ witli the pHinipUi. of cuii.itiUUiutuvl    govern
LABOR DAY CELEBRATION
Monday, September'Gth is Labor dayj and it is
to be right, royally celebrated by thc union men o£
Fernie and district.
All that remains to complete a, great day is fine
wen ther. Every workingman should turn out
with his craft on that day, and celebrate—start in
the early morning, keep il up nil day and let the
peoplo who know little or nothing oi! unionism see
where you are at.
Kernie is essentially a workingman's town, and
what is more il is strictly a union town, and the
uionsler parado ol! oMiulay will demonstrate that
I'n el. with renewed force.
The day has past, nnd gone when any man ia
ashamed to say he belongs to n trades union. They
have fought their way from being regarded in the
light of an aggregation ol' bomb throwers and anarchists to bo recognized as organizations will) honest nnd (lefiiiiti* purposes, Hie pursuit ol! which has
mado for the betterment ol! the, conditions under
which they labor and live, The union man is nol
a bulldozer, nor a dielalor, simply a iiiiui wlio* believes Ihnt his rights and interesls can be beller
coiisei'ved through the organization of his fellow
workman thnn by his individual efforl,
Lei every union man in 1'Yruie do his .share lo
make ihe deiiioiistriilion a success—and n success
it surely will be.
Cninbrnnk ispiiiiir lo have a big fair on Sepl.
Mill nud 1'ilh and mnld* a Inst desperate struggle
lo gel esllllllislied on Ihe mnp,
A despatch snys Dial Dr. Conk lm*l discovered
the Norili Pole. Well—what in thunder will lie
ilu -.villi it?
It M-enis possible from newspaper reports tlmt
Calgary is to have a street ear strike. However
il. is more likely thai both the slreel ear men can
get  jobs elsewhere.
trouble was ho was confronted by a
man masked and 'holding a revolver in
both hands.
"Are there any mail cars on this
train?" quietly demanded the highway-
man.
"No," was tlie reply of the startled
engineer.    . "'  '
Tho engine crew was then forced to
accompany th'e bandit, at the point of
a revolver to the first express car,
whero tho messenger was looking out
to discover tho cause of the stopping
of the train. A rovolvor was pointed
at his head and with threats of blowing tho train up with dynamite tho
m'ossonger and train crew wero forced
to carry all the bullion from the express car and doposit it at a point on
tho track.
Conductor Poffonhcrg of Ilnrrlsburg
Pa., who cnmo up while this work was
being accomplished, was shot by tho
biuullt who emptied both rovolvors at
lilm. One of the bullets ponotrated
his hand and tho other ono grnzcil his
body.
Despite tlio appearance of Ihreo passengers who had been awakened by
lho noise Ihe bandit calmly ordorod tho
crow or lho train to steam nwny, leaving (he bullion beside the track. It
wiih recovered later by a posse Brg|'.
on a special train. When the trnln
was leaving the robber callod out" to
lho crew: "(lood byo and good luck;
I hope In hco you again."
Tlio robber It Is slated, took $i>,000
In bullion and $20u In poimlcH from
Ilu> car nnd nil of tills hns beon found
along the mil oxeopl $fl!i. No duo to
his Identity Iiiih beon dlscovoreil. Ho
wore a slouch hut well pulled ovor IiIh
eycH. lie used excellent KngllHli hill,
had a Kllglit foreign ncc.onl,.
DoHpllo Iho fad Hint n closo wntch
Iiiih been niiiliiiiilncd llm robbor bus
evaded rupture so fur. The rullroiul
(■(inipiiiiy Ih miil.iiig every effort to
ni-rcHl him nnd lo UiIh end has en-
listed I he nld of Hevernl ilelecllvo ugen-
(.ll'H.
LABOR   NOTES
General Secretary Larger of the
Uniled Garment Workers, has arrived
in Liverpool, England. He will meet
President Gompers in' Paris within
two weeks and will then* investigate
the clothing workers condition , in
Prance. j-
';    J *     *     *
During the last three years the Carpenters' union has had the greatest
increase in membership, the Typographical the greatest—reduction—in-
working hours- with the greatest cost
of strikes," and the' Machinists union
had the greatest number of strikes
and won a larger percentage of their
fights than any other craft.
' * * *
The lockout at Broken Hill and Port
Pirie, Melbourne, Australia, has been
officially declared at an end. Tho industrial upheaval at Broken Hill, N.
S. AV., and Port Pirie, South Australia
has been a mighty protest against capitalism and Its system, and an eloq
uent illustration of the strength and
stamina of the. working class in that
land.
* *   *    - .
Winnipeg electric street railway offers an increase of one cent an hour
lo employes who have been 25 years
in their service.
* *   *
A new union "of drug mixers and
makers has been organized in Minneapolis and will receive a charter from
the American Federation of Labor at
once,
(!
*    *    *
A dispute is threatening In the cabinet making industry in Germany, on
account of the employers trying to
force a reduction of five per cent io
duction in wages. •'
». *  * 7
Twenty thousand unorganized garment workers are on striko in New
York city. A letter from S.L. Landers -slates that 3000 .of thorn have
applied for membership in the U. G.
W. of A. Settlements have been made
with over 150 contractors and maim-
i
FERNIE
CONSTRUCTION CO.
CONTRACTORS  &   BUILDERS
Business  Blocks,    Churches
Schools,;, and heavy work "a
' ■ ->• ■-  specialty ■
P.O. BOX 153 FERNIE B.C.
Ap-cmts for Edmonton Pressed llriek
nml   ITund   Point ( Common   and
Pressed   llriek.      Estimates   furnished free ■
•
1
8
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8
8
8
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8
GEO.   BARTON \
EMPRESS   TRANSFER   1
• Draying
|v   Furniture Moving a Specialty   §
WOOD OF ALL KINDS     ''
Leave Orders with.W.  Kcav
PHONE   78
M. A. Kastner
INSURANCE    AND
f
REAL ESTATE
Fire ! Fire ! Fire !
The anniversary of tho great
fire of August- l, lDO.S, is draw-'
ing near. Let us draw your attention to the fact that wc represent it tlnancially strong, old
established and well known
Hoard.   Fire    .Insurance   com*
, panics, also agent for the
i
Sun   Life    Insurance'
Company of Canada'
AVo have several snaps in
' Business and   Residential
Property      "
in (liil'erent parts of thc city
Agent \ .
Mew Oliver Typewriter
■  Machine given out on trial
" No Charge'
• J.   M.   AGNEW   &-   CO.
CltKOf B. C*
Wc have just added a full line of Hard wave to our busincos.    Our
business is made'up ofthe following lines
Farm Implements   and Carriages, Harness
and Findings, Feed, (Horse Pin and Chicken)
Hardware
' AVe have a full line in any of ihtyilmvo and our prices  arc vi-j-lit
I
I
1
Mir M'iiMHi im* liiow nuitf iu;ciui'iu'.*> i*s i.fuitiiit;
to n cloNc, und I lie tool willi 1 lie (,'un tlmt lie didn't
know wiik loaded will plcnsi* «ct muly to tiilm Ids
plnco in tin* iinnuiil death roll.
A num in the* lalior movement tlmt 1ms wither
friends nor enemies never did MiytlmiK, imr did
ho liver attempt it. lie has about as miieli cliuii-'i)
t<i mako ti mark as a schooner of hoor at a German
jiii'tiic. --Mine  Workers' .fmirnnl.
Fa cry cent win .spend in your own town Iielp*.
the townspeople and comi'H hack to you in 8*)*'»i»
way.     lint the   iimm-y you .send to Katne's   or
elhi-wlierc. stays uway and docs   not come h«i.'U
Cut out \h(- fori-ifin iknli-n^ fin*11. <li> your l>uy-ti*-j
ill  UullH-.
AS USUAL
TIioh. M. Motloy. exiiii'sldoiil of Uo
(-lint TruilcH niul l.aboi (.'oiiucil, Iiiih
been ii'wiiijled. lie In now full' \vii-*t'
ufflcor for HiiHlmtclinwiiii nt tho linud***
of tho l.lhi-inl government, The pn>l>
nl»lf< '•imsM of Mr. Mnllov'H ntillimthy
to the HocIiiIIhI movement Ikib Ijocmi
roveiilcil.
TIioiikIi lie liullKiiiinlly and vohom*
cntly n-iiiiiliuli'd thc diarKC of political office m-eUliiK, nuntc in Hiobo col*
unintt Home mont Iik uro, Mr. Molloy ne*
copied the posillon In tho pay ot the
enemy.
MUo dnzeiiH of others in Canada—
nnd In tlio United HtatoH too-— Mr.
Molloy Iiiih been financially chloroformed by thn oxocutlvii commltteo of
the. I'l-uploylnv; ov i-ulluK cluaa; and tlw
labor movement hn» onco moro been
U*i;il UH ll HtcppIllK UtUlUl to U, KOVCl'Il
mont Job. .
fluth Instance* of treachery    *•*-*■>*<-•
onco common or rurrenres In Hritish
Columbia. Ilut- no moro tbttnloi to
the SocUllH Hjortvuiuit.   So Ions ft«
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We carry a well selected stock of the
Reg'd Boxer, Staunton and Watson
Foster Papers
These Goods speak for themselves^   See our Sample Books
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FISHING   TACKLE
Everything for a Fishing Trip
Rods, Lines* Leaders* Flies* Etc* Etc.* in
Large Varieties
N. E. Suddaby
Anrent   for Reach's  Baoebn.ll   Goods.  Huyler-s and Lowncy'a
Chocolates, William's New Scale Pianos, Flshlngr Tuclcle
ft
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