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The District Ledger 1909-04-10

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 '.! \.
i Prov. Library        June' 30 0?
Industrial Unity is Strength
■  J
TTfae Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
VOI* IV.   Np. 36 -jflj
FERNIE, ,t B. C,   APRIL   10th,   1909
$1.00 a. Year
Lewis  Stockett. Esq.
1'rcH.  Western Conl Operators Association.*.
Denr Sir: I beg to iuform. you tlmt
the workmen employed by the Western
Conl Operator* nvNOcIutiouiu'their various ' mines, coke ovens nml outside
pliints huvo been Instructed to suspend
operations nt tbe expiration of their
agreement until such time un u sulls-
factory nKreenient is arrived nt between District No. IS nnd the coin-mules   comj.irli.Inj-; .your  association.
We nro rendy nt nny time to enter Into further neKotlntlons upon the lines
ns stated by mc to-dny while Iu eoiifcr-
ence with you. *     i    '
Yours truly. ,
Pres.  Dist. No.   18 U.M.W:  of A
The following is tlie text of President Stockett's letter to President Sherman. ( .   '    '     '
Maeleod, Alta., March 21.
President District   No.    18 United
Mine Workers of America,  Maeleod,
Dear Sir:
I am in receipt of your letter of this
date, and' note -that you' have instructed the workmen employed by tlie Western Coal Operators association in the
. various mines, coke ovens, and outside plants, to suspend operations at
the expiration of their agreement until
such time as satisfactory agreement
is arrived at between District No., IS
and the companes comprising our Association.
' I trust that you have fully considered the legal consequences of your action, and ..that you aro prepared to ac-
, cept the responsibility that such action
involves.--. ■ ■
To prevent any misapprehension on
. the part of those vitally interested, I
deem it advisable to direct your.attention tO'the following facts:
On the fourth day of May, 1907, an
agreement in writing'was entered into
, between the Western Coal Operators
Association of the one part,-and-the
employees of the various companies,
comprising such-association as repro-
of America, District' No718 of the
other part, embodying. the terms and
conditions under which coal was to be
mined at our various Collieries "for
the-period of two years, commencing
April 1st, 1907, and ending March'31st
1909." ,
It was one of the'terms, "of that
agreement that the parties thereto
would meet In conference sixty days
prior to the expiration thereof, to discuss its renewal,    ,   '     '   '
On the 12th day of January, 1909, our
Association met the officers of your
union at Lethbridge, * for the purpose,
of discussing a renewal of tho snld
agreement, nnd it wns agreed thnt a
further meeting should be hold at
Maeleod,, commencing on tho 2nd tiny
of March, nt which time and placo a
scale committee, consisting of soven
operators and soven representatives
of your union commenced negotiations
for tho purpose ot renewing the said
agreement, nnd, nftor conferences extending over n.porlod of upwards of
throe weeks, during which time John
13, Morgan, represent Ing T. J, Lowls
Intornntlonnl president of tho Unitod
Mino Workors, wns present, tho terms
of nn ngroenient wore finally agreed
upon, und Uio scale commlttoo disbanded, the Crows Nest Pass Coal Co.,
hnvlng for business reasons, nnd boforo
tlio completion of tlio negotiations,
■ withdrawn from membership In tho
Operator's Association.
. After tlio negotiation of tho ngroo*
ment by tho Send commltteo tlio con-
foronco ndjourned to enable tlio agree-
mont'to bo submitted to a referendum
. voto of tho minors; and lt was ngrood
, that In the ovont of the agreement being adopted by a majority of the miners, the Presidents of your union and
our Association should nrrnngo for tho
execution of tho ngroomont. Accordingly on the 29th inst., having been advised that a majority of the minors
had adopted tlio agrecmont, I mot you
nt Fornio, and It wnB nrrangod that
wo -should moot nt Maeleod on Wednesday, tho Hint Inst., to execute the
agreement, providing your solicitor
could bo present nt that tlmo, and on
Tuesday Inst. I rocolvod a lologrnm
nt Hosmer from you, stating Hint your
solicitor would bo nt Maeleod Wednesday (today) and I according advised
tho representatives of tlio various
companies who are members of our
Association to attend at Maeleod today, nnd arranged for our soUcltors to
bo prosont, Pursuant to theso arrangements wo mot this aftornoon,
whon to tlio surprlso of ovory operator
present, you at once stated that n» the
Crows Nost Pass Conl Co. lind oxocut*
oil nn iiKi'fi-m»;iil since our last tiicui-
inn ililli'iL'iil bi IwiiJi' Jj'wu \hu\ It')'-
merly agreed upon between us, you
would not sign nny agroomont not on
tho linos of tho agroomont of thnt
Compnny. In reply I pointed out to
you that, wc wero present to sign tho
contract Agree., upon between us, nnd
thoroupon you and your associates nt
onco withdraw from tho meeting, after ndmltltng that tbo agreement tlm*,
had boon nogolntod by tho Scale commlttoo, had boon submitted to and Approved by a majority of tho minors on
a referendum vote. Shortly utter the
breaking up ot the mooting I rocolv-
tid •your (utter nUillng that thu mluem
had been instructed to suspend work.
It must, I think, bo apparent, that
tho responsibility for tbo failure to
execute tb* agreement, which   had
been concluded after protracted negotiations, and for any loss and inconvenience that the public may sustain
or suffer, must rest, not with the- members of this association, nor with the
miners, whom you admit have accepted and adopted the agreement submitted to them, but with yourself.
On belialf of myself and other members of our association I must again
express regret at your refusal to execute the agreement, -and that you
have chosen to Instruct the suspension
of work in the collieries of this country, involving the enforced-Jdleness of
thousands of workmen.
Yours truly,
President Western Coal Operators Association.,   ■
Judging from the tone of this letter Mr. Stockett tries to do two
1: To show that the miners have laid
themselves bare to the infliction *of the
penalties subsequent to a breach of
the Lemieux act.
2.—He tries to arouse sympathy for
the fragments of the operators association and to throw all blame on the
men and President Sherman.
The Lemieux act has provisions by
which due warning must be given of
a desire to change' working conditions
and that no strike or lockout can be
declared without first forming a board
of arbitration.
The position, of the men is this:
They were working under the contract signed on April 1st, 1907 and expiring on March 31 of this year. Thia
agreement or^contract has been filled
and has expired by the effluxion of
time. They have now n oterms. of
work.on which t'o proceed. The men
are ready to proceed to work as soon
as a new and proper basis for work
is established. -   l
Doubtless the operators will bring
to bear every method known to.capital-
ists to bring the miners under   the
Lemieux act.   i
,'However the men arid officers are
Lethbridge will be hit hard if the
strike continues any length' of time.
The steam plow outfits, many of
which use a car of coal a week will
be put out of business. The Lethbridge Brick and Terra Cotta Company,
are large consumers and only have
coal enough on band to last three days
and they will have to shut down after
that time as coal cannot be' got from
the Ashcroft mine since tho ice has
melted so as to make, traffic across the
river-unsafe. The city depends on
the A. It. and*!. Co. for its coal, and
has at present enough on hand to last
about ten days.
The A.-It. and I. has not any stock
laid up for-sale, there being only a few
cars available.
It is understood that the C, P. R.
Las a suzicient stock stored up to
last them three months or more. They
have 5000 tons stored here, 15,000 at
Medicine Hat and similar quantities at
Swift Current and other points along
the line.
Both men and operators seem determined to, fight it out to a finish."
.The agreement signed -by the local
company, the Crows.Nest, was eminently fair to.the miners of this camp,
so'how could the District officers, ask
the men of other camps to accept
poorer conditions from other competing companies?,
The men have taken the only possible stand, and though-at first some
wero inclined to"thInk the action was
drastic, yet a thorough knowledge of
the ins and outs of the situation will
convince any one that tlio calling out
of the men was the only movo left to
secure conditions that, they consider
, It will be noted* In the letter of Mr.
Stockott to President Sherman that
ho (Stockott) claims that the Crows
Nest Pass Conl Company .withdrew
from tho Association for "business
Vory .nice, Mr, Stockett, but,what
nro the facts? What aro thoso business reasons?
Speaking,at a rocont mooting of tho
Fornio board of Trndo, Mr. J. D.
Hurd, mnnagor of tho Crows Nest Pass.
Coal company stated:
"His company had . to withdraw
from the Western Coal Operators Association as that body, or a fraction
of It, was trying to use his Company
at a cat's paw to start a strike and
trouble with the miners, and he would
hnve none of that." °  ,'
So It will bo seen thnt Mr. Stockott
nnd his explanation of businoss roa-
sons, do not hold out vory long with
" hoso who know,"
The Cheek-Off
Tho agroomont with tlio C. N, P.
Conl compnny Includes tho following
"Each employee signing the checkoff makes this order a continuous one
during the life of his employment by
the company, and not revocable,"
This practically Insures tlio men tho
"cloBod shop,"
In tho chock oil,contained In tho
propoBOd ngroomont which tho Alborta
operators are trying to pan oft on tlio
minor') nn ordor given by a workman
cun at nny tlmo bo changed by lilm,
which simply moans that all mines
nro to ho open to workmen, union or
lion union.
Tlio dlscrlmmtnntlon rlntiso roads nn
"No porson shall ho refused employment or bo In nny was diucrlmmln*
nted against on account., of member*
ship In any lnbor organization, and
thoro Bhnll bo no dlBcrlmmlnntlon
.iHiniibi ait) •.•iit'uij.vi' xttw io nut u
member of n lnbor cu*j*nnl*/ntli>n, by
members of nuch organization.'
This clause the minors wish to havo
ojnftted ontlroly from tho agreements
but tho conl operators association ro*
fuses to consent.
'lho elniiBo is omlttc*. Irom tho contract entered Into by tho Crows Nost
Compnny, nnd Is ono of tho clilof
points In dispute at present between
tho company nnd mon,
Lothbrldgo Herald of April 3— "Tho
striko is in full forco nt tho local
mines. None of tbo men aro work*
Ing at either the A. H. And 1. Co.
mines or tho Royal Collieries. Tbo
Diamond Mines not being In tbo Western Canada Operators Association are
not affected In any way.
MACLEOD Alta. April 1—Ever since
the early part of February the strike
called yesterday has been, arranged
for by District 18 U. M. W. of A.,
according to the statement of President Sherman this morning before he
left for Frank. He said "At the
miners convention in Lethbridge in
February last we came to a secret understanding and it became public that
if we had no agreement signed before
the first of April with the Western
Coal Operators association we would
suspend operations. During this interval we have been consolidating our
forces for the strike which is called
for to-day. The union is in a much
stronger position to-day than ever as
we are stronger all around."
., "Are you sure of your ground with
the Crows Nest people?"
"Yes," replied Mr. Sherman. "Quite.
Fernie has the best working agreement
it ever had and J.J. Hill is not going
to fight organized labor in Canada.
of organized labor. We have the Crows
Nest behind us; the,,Maple Leaf Co.,
and Canada West Co., will sign, and
then we will force the Western Coal
Operators; which is the C. P. R., into
"What districts are likely to suffer
the most during the strike?"
"The domestic coal trado of Bank-
bead and Lethbridge is where the suffering will come if at all.     This is a
no alarm was felt. The company was
prepared for. such an eventuality. It
is further known that the bulk of the
coal supply of the C. P. R. on this
division does not conic from.Hosmer
but from Michel, where trouble has
been avoided.-
. It is understood that in event of a
strike' of any length at Coleman, Alta.,
the company might be put to some inconvenience in" securing coal for the
operation of the Alberta-, section of
the Crows Nest line in Alberta."
from the Operators Association that
the dissolution-of that body seems imminent.
Eacli company would then be at liberty to sign up with the men on fair
terms, and operate, as the local company is doing, as a free and independent concern.
What Stockett Says
Lewis Stockett,-president and chairman'' of • the Alberta Operators Association iri an interview stated that the
operators of Alberta are determined to
stand firmly for the original agreement which was voted on by the miners and finally turned down by President Sherman of the U. M W. of A.
Mr. Stockett declares that the mine
operators feel that the action of the
men going out on strike is wrong and
that they have been persuaded by President Sherman, to do what they would
otherwise not have'done. He contends
that the referendum vote took the
power of stopping negotiations out of
the hands of Sherman, and he is determined that the -, president of dis-'
trict 18 shall not win out.
No new developments have yet talc-
en place, the situation being now exactly what it was when the men went
out with the exception of the signing
of the agreement at Frank.
Of the three hundred men employed
at Hosmer all have quit, the mines
are shut down.and already many,of
the young and unmarried men liave
left the mines in search of work at
Fernie and at other. points where "the
work in tho mines.'is being carried on
as usual.
Prepared to Wait'
Mr. Stockett' is not at all confident
of a speedy conclusion of the present
difficulties, but.he" appeared to be as
ready to play a waiting game as are
the miners. Neither he nor any of the
a moment. any=tproposition to again
meet Mr. Sherman and the miners representatives, holding that the miners
have broken faith with them and.that
it is up to, the men-to accept.i-.he agreement proposed by the Alberta operators and passed by the vote of the men
by, some 700 odd, to somewhere over
500 against.
C.P.R.  is Well Prepared
It is now said that the C. P.  R.
President Busy
Meantime President Sherman and
all available workers are busy in the
vicinity of Frank, Coleman, Blairmore,
Lille.  '
The signing up of the Frank mines
was the first signal victory for the
men and gave them added strength at
that end of the Pass.
The Maple Leaf management has
verbally given Mr. Sherman to understand that they will sign an agreement
the same as signed up by the Frank
The Taber. agreement is also on thc
point of being signed, only a few local
conditions standing in the way.
a Company Busy Here
In the meantime the Crows Nest
Pass Coal company is working all of
its mines that are in working order,
and never in the history of the company have they been in condition to
get a bigger output.
Company are Pleased
i- J. J. Hill's policy towards the workmen in all of his Canadian enterprises
has been carried out in the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal company agreements,
the policy being that every consideration possible with good business, in
all cases should be granted to the
Mr; Hill has no time to trifle with
the Western Coal operators association, and refuses to be dictated to by
any of its-petty officers. ■ So in the
meantime he is making' hay while the
mines under- the coercing influences
of the operators association are looking on.- **
*- General Superintendent Simister, of
the C. N. P. Co. in explaining the
stand of his company, is said to have
stated that he considered that -their
sentiment, rather than business, and
in consequence when business interests became paramount they withdrew
from the association.         .   v .
More men are employed by the C.
N. P. Coal Cp. than are employed by
all the mines working under the control of the operators association, so
that wtih the signing up of the Frank
mines and the practical signing in of
others, it will be seen that the major-
unit in backing up President Sherman
and such talk as disscntion in Uic
ranks is all bosh.
A large number of tlie miners from
these places are securing work in the
independent concerns, which are now
working harder than ever on account
of the increased demand for coal now
coming in.
One report says that the mine; it
Frank has taken on one hundred men
alone. v,"
President Sherman also claims that
Mr. Aldredge can settle the strike in
a few days, if the C. P. R. feel the
need of it. '' Several operators, acting
outside of the association, have communicated with, President Sherman,
moving towards a settlement, and,any
of these will be accommodated on the
basis already stated.
A despatch from Lethbridge'says the
mines there are shut down tight and
no sign of work is to be observed.
A-fine "was ordered on any man who
showed up, but there, has been no
sign of a break in the ranks of the
union, men.
Many are Leaving
A despatch to the .Calgary Herald
from Banff says that the Bankhead
miners have been drawing their 'pay
and are leaving the district in large
numbers. On Thursday night 65
tickets were sold at the Bankhead station and on Friday 85. Practically
all who are leaving are heading for
the Crows Nest country.
C. P. R. and Closed Shop
The C. P. R. have granted the closed shop to their employees in the Winnipeg shops. This is one of the main
objections their coal companies take
to the miners, agreements.  -
Tho miners 'representatives gave
away concessions in wages, which in
some cases were unfair to" the men, on
the distinct understanding that' the
working conditions were to be better-
■ed.' Now the operators are trying to
force far worse conditions than those
under which the men worked previous
to the 1st of April. This the men will
Trot_sta-ffd"'for.   ,;     ■  ~ ■     " ■
Considerable has been said in connection with the message alleged to have been sent to President
Stockett ofthe Operators Association from President Lewis saying that the strike would be settled- At
the time the Canadian western miners affiliated with the U. M. W, of A. the understanding was that they
were to have home rule and a free hand In agreements, and District 18 Intends to stand by this understanding. The miners to a man are behind President Sherman In the Btand he has taken, and interference from outside cannot be tolerated for one. moment. A meeting of the district board and scale committee was held at Frank on Wednesday with the following present, President Sherman, Vice Pres. R.
Evans, Sec.-Treas. Carter; Wm. Graham, Coleman; Clem Stubbs, Bellevue; John Johnson, Coleman; J.
Boyle, Taber; W. H, Dunlap, Bankhead; Wm. Whitehouse, Michel; T, Biggs, Fernie; Alex. Susnar.
The outcome was that a convention was called for Fernie on Monday, the 12th of April, at which
representatives will attend from all parts of the district and President Levyls will probably be represent*
ed also at the meeting. Rumors are current that should the International force matters District 18 together with the miners of Eastern Canada.and the Canadian miners of the W. F. A. may form a Canadian
Federation of Miners.
sovoro tost, for the Lomleux bill,'!, said
Mr. Sliormun nH ho stopped aboard tho
westbound trnfn.
When nsked whnt ho lind to say on
tho Bltuntlon, John Gnlvln, vlcc-prosl*
dont of District 18, said: "I havo retired from tlio vlco presidency of tlio union for a wlillo and I am going to go
to Ohio."
"Do you think tho striko will lnnt
"Tho C P. It. aro a strong company
aren't thoy?" rotumod Gnlvln with a
No significance can bo attached tn
Galvln's tomporary retirement, Thoro
Is no dissension In tho ranks of tlio
union officials.
Nolson Nown: Nolsonltos mny hnvo
to burn wood rather oxrjuslvoly before
long. If tho conl minors striko In Al*
bortn continue*-,, With tho Lethbridge
mines lied up. the chief siinnlv nf errnl
In this city will lio cut off. Thoro Ih
no*,, a luoiiiiih hiippiy ut Unit coal on
band, but a prolonged striko would
run tho donlors out, with llttl« prospect of replenishing tho bunkers.
In this connoctlon It may ho noted
thnt nn heln enn he evneetod frem tl.r,
Crows Nest Pass Conl company, That
compnny hns shipped no coal tn hero
for somo months nnd It Is understood
thnt It doos not Intend to ship nny In
for somo tlmo to como, Tbo product
of that company Is being marketed In
other quarters; much Is going south
to tho boundary, which Is ono reason
why Nelson narrowly escaped n conl
famine last winter.
Asked regarding tbo effects of tho
strike at Hr-smer on tho coal supply of
his company, Allan Purvis, C ,P, fl,
superintendent, stated last night that
have for Bomo tlmo boon preparing lo
guard ngnliiBt nny tlo up from a strike
and that us long ago as last Novombor the railroad began to put In a special amount, of conl. It In reported
that nt Cnlgary, hetwoon -100,000 and
half a million tons of conl Ih ntorcd
for tho C, P. II.
Tho Idoa Ih thnt thin great amount
of conl will Insuro the C, P, 11, from
lining In nny wny hindered with their
work and will keep thom from bringing any pressure to boar on tho operators to make I hem Klgn up,
A Yarn About Coleman
A rumor cnmo Into tho city In tlio'
enrly pnrt of the week thai numbers
of thn minors thore hnvo requeHled the
compnny to permit them lo rusunio
A despatch from the Haino plnee u
day nftor gives n strong denial to the
report, nnd hmj'h tlml Die men are nil
united nnd ready to fight as long nn
Prom the imprpa-Blon nmnnr the nu-
thoi'ltlos In the pnss, mmi who lu-ve n
doop knowledge of tho present, conditions i,tiil hnvo Mimo grounds for
the I r statements, It uppoiiis Hint tho
belief In that tho striko rimy Inut from
Klaav;    ti.tliuil    \\J    V.lX     'tlKtlM/l,    illUl       im*.
chances of n victory for tho miners
nnd thoir contentions nro much moro
to bo staked on than a victory fer thc
About the Association
Persistent rumors aro being clrc.nint'
ed about tho trouble In tho Operators
association nnd ono hns been repeatedly repeated, and comes from such
reliable sources that It la accoptod as
containing some weight. Tt Is to tbe
effect that so many of tho companies
are on the point of breaking away
Ity of tho minors nro employed hy In*
dopondont companies. The notion
of tho Iocnl company lu withdrawing
no doubt wns a blow to tlio Association that enn not bo HtiHtalned,
The superintendent. iiIbo Hinted thnt
lnbor conditions between the compiiny
and tlio men had Increased ono hundred por cont Blnco I lie company broke
away from tho Western Operators ns*
How about Colemnn?
Ono correspondent elnlins tlmt, the
only trouble Ih Die attitude, or llio Cole*
mini operaloi-H, und that otlnrwlHu the
Alberta miners would he nt world. fi
Is wild thnt they nre ai letting Imr.l
nnd fast on the Insertion of the iMh-
crlniinltiiitlon cIhuko Ihe suinc- ii.* the
old iigf'fomeiitH coninlned.
Business De.id
a Saturday and if not then on the flrst
Saturday after ■ the fifteenth, except
in case or the 15th falling on a Sunday
when the company will pay on the '
Hth. If, during the life of this
agreement the miners can secure ihe
enactment, of the half monthly pay day
through legislation this clause shall
become null and void.
Any employee desiring to leave' the
service of the company shall, on his
request, be paid all monies duo him
within two days after his stoppage of
The  hours  of  labor  in   all .mines
shall be computed from the time of
entry at surface of the mine io thc
time of return to the surface, based on"
the 8 hour bank to^bank shift.
A. R. & I. Co. LocalConditions
Inside day wages to be computed
from the time of entry at surface of*
the mine to the time of return to tho
surface of the mine.
. Definition of Schedule Rates
The schedule rates under this agreement are to be the minimum rates paid
but nothing in this agreement shall be
construed to prevent the company
from paying higher rates should it so
desire.' .       t   •
It is also understood' that .where
higher rates have prevailed no reduction shall tako place.
Turn in Cars
The company shall as far as practicable supply each and every employee
with a sufficient number of cars to
enable him to remove expeditiously,
and without loss of.time, all the coal
mined by him.
The Company shall sec that an
equal turn of cars be offered to each
miner, and that he 'be given- a fair
chance to obtain same. The check-
weighman shall keep a turn bulletin
for the turnkeepers guidance. The
driver shall. be . subject lo whomever
the "mine manager shall designate-as
tui-nkeepor in pursuance thereof.     ■
The following clause is inserted'In,
the agreement of the Nicola   Valley
_Pn*il_-iTul_Pr-]-" r.r-.rr-.r.^r.'."  ■—
Amendments required to the agreement offered by Western Coal Operators associaton before, same will be
signed by district officers.
This agreement covers all mines,
coke ovens and outside plants operated by the company and all persons accepting employment at' these mines
shall bo governed by the following regulations:
The company will require each person employed by it, or to bo employed
by it, as a miner, mine laborer,,or otherwise, in and about, the mnos and
coke ovens of the said company, to
sign this agreement as a condition precedent to contiuned employment of the
porson already employed or to be employed.
The term of this agreement shnll
begin April 1st and expire March 31,
Check-off System
The company will glvo to,Iho United .Mine Workers of America full recognition and concede tho chock-off
system; that. Is to siiy,."tipon tho Individual request In writing of nny of
tho Company's employees tho Company shall deduct, such monies
from their monies each month as is
designated, for dues, assessments,
fines und Initiation fees; In other
words, tlio Company will retain from
the wages due employees any hiiid
thoy may have given orders upon the
Company for In writing, payable to
such officers of the United Mine
Workers of Amorlcn as may he deslg-
natod In such orders, .which Hhall he
continuous orders not rovokuble while, wnH |„ntrimient(il in drawing up   the
tho milkers renin In In tlio employ of I ngreemenl.
lho  Coinpiiny;   except  Hint  tlio-em
The company will give to the United
Mine Workers of America full recognition and concede to the check off
system and will deduct such amounts
from the. wages, of each and every
(eligible) employee each month as designated by the secretary of the Local
union, and' pay over the same in
cheque to the said secretary.
For the protection of the Company
against liabilties for any stoppage a
check off book shall be placed by the
local union in the Companys general
office'to be signed by each workman
upon accepting employment.
At a "ioint. meeting of operators and
Miners lieid on tho l'7t.h of March, Mr.
Stockott, president of tlie Operators
association gavo out the statomont
that in case an agreement was not. arrived at, tlio operators would not, bo
bound by anything that had been done
by the scale committee.
Mr. (lebo of the Canadian American
Coal and Coke Co. roturned lo Frank
this morning and It Is reported that
that, company will put nn one hundred
more miners ns they are having a larger demand for coal than Ihey can supply .
A large number of minors aro lu
town from surrounding camps, Idle,
awaiting the results of the striko.
Tlie report, wiih Hprentl that President filiorinun wus very much IncoiiHed
over the prank niiiiers signing to work
for two years under the old contract.
Tills, report In, of course, absolutely
false, iik  President, Sherman  himself
playpen embraced In the nrtlelo headed
"KmpIoypPB not under JtirlHdlcton,"
mny rovoko orders as above, given by
II. niHcrlmmliinllon to be struelc
Employees Not Under Jurisdiction
The following iunpIoyecH are not under tho Jurisdiction of the United
Mine Workers of Amorlcn:
Mine malinger or Hiiperntendent, overman or jiHHlHiniii overman, lire Iiohh-
es, Iiohh driver, ntnhle Iiohh, mnster
nieeliiiiile, elect rlelniiH, welghman,
head carpenter, tipple or breaker foreman, loader bo*-,*-*, nlglii watchman,
rokn oven foveinnn, out wide foreman
nud all other foremen, timekeeper-.*,,
coal liiHpectni'H uml head lamp men,
The press nil through the west lmvo
lind reporth of a iuohi hoiihh! lonal na* ,
ture In regard lo President Klierman.
lie |h reported lo havo renlgned from
llio presidency; he Is reported to be
at drawn swords with tho International president; In fact were- all rumors
to he believed he must, lio a mnn of
many purls.
President Sherman, fnr from hnvlng
resigned the prenldeney of nintrlt'1.
18, Ih pleased at the backing he has
received from tlm men, iuul iik to
where the rumor einniinted iih to IiIh
ieiai**iiall(iii It U iiu|io*.Hililo lo Htme,
Much hiiH lueii printed iiluiiii liU
being notified by President I.cwIh in
call off tin* Htrll-e and hlgu up any old
a.Jeeiiii'lil-s.      Si'Ver.i)    pnpeiH   In (lie
If any of the above offlrliilH are mem
,,,,,, i bei'H of ihu United Mine Workers <if i I'iibh did thetiiHelvoH dry on    ■•Ireu,-,
Mverywhere  In  I'en.le  Ih  there  n I Xmercn. they may remain inen.leMs If  *>-|>.* b«i«IIH».-s     In ni.nouii.-ing thai
tlioy. so desire. ■* : "Klif-rnifit. Ik Iih the Wrmig,' etc.    The
feeling of optimism and a tinny spring
(ted  uiimmni' Mnnr.-ii-i"  tn lm  <ii---iii-,.<I
Not ho In nlher towns of the Pohk,
where iho coal uiiiilii,. linliiHiry keepH
lho HtureH open, KoportH Htiuo. that
'■usIn.'HH in AenA att n door unit In lot-*
of plnces, nnd a protracted ii»..-ugglj
will hit them Btlll harder.
The Lemieux Act
Tlio Deputy Minister of Labor for
tho Dominion hns Instructed nil Heeiv
tnrlos In District ID that they may he
llnblo under the Lemieux art, nnd ho
also askn them to ke»p tho miners nt
worlc pending a conference nud Investigation.
They Are United
On Saturday InM large m;ir,s meetings wero held nt Hosmer and at Coleman, and unboundeil fi.thu'.l'i'.ni was
mnnlfcstod on nil hanilt.
Tbo men dcclnro that they are   a
ll ui nny itme tlm majority of
mini in liml I'reHiileiit LewlH Iiiih hciii
....   .' ','.;< .■>•,',.'...',,.       ..,',1. r,nii   /■•*(•'   ui
.... , ,    ,,      ,     . ,,,        Hud out ihe true hiaii- of affair's, ami
miners nnd baeldiandH at any eo Cry. ,„„ „ ,    .,„. ,,.„„,„ '
.„„.,.„ i „ „ i  I. .     .   . , i li veHilgntc for  i n Heir.
ileoliif* l>y a Imllot vote to wort     a?,    „,, „ , v„, .„,.,„ , ,.     ,,    ,.,.,.
nil',-..   *,,.,*   I.   II. I l.-.-.l   I  -   , 1, '        '       " " ■
bunds  on  contracts    work    thereafter.
On nl) company worlc the company
shnll employ hiicIi cIiikh of men iih the
work requires, nud nt the mien of
wages provided for In this ngn**.-
"TJiiH nHci'mxiii '•', 11 Sherman, pres*
Idem of DIM. IS of the Pulled Mine
Workors of America called tip The
Herald from Frank with ivgunl lo tlm
telegram published yesterday, from
PiCHldenl T. J. LuwIh, snylng that the
district offlceiH had been notified to
> nlgn up tin. agreement, He Hiiyn that
Pay*day j *j10 Hiatement Ih nhsnlntr-ly untrue. 'No
The Cum'iuuy will i.ouUuuti u> •,»,,,, .uu.li li.hiiu, lUnm lm>e u-eii receive-!
the regular payiolls accoiillng to tl ej hy any district officer.'
present cuniom nt tho several mine*,! Asked If he could account for the
tlmt Ih, for nil wages earned duilni; t telegram being published lie ettUI he
tho previous calendar month on tin, j knew nothing more of It thnn he. saw
ICtbof each month. If snld fifteenth be! (Continued on pr,-*,--* ft)
i r
THE   DISTRICT  LEDGER,  FERNIE,   ,      B. C. APRIL 10 1909
Now  Open
Address all matter for this Page to "Proletarian" District Ledger^
in a number of cases the "potit
bourgeois', or small business tvlement
is working itself up into a condition
of patriotc fervor and are shouting
themselves hoarse-about the empire
being in danger, not that thoy would
risk their hides in the pomp and circumstance of war, rather would they
play the part bost suited for'them, to
make patriotic speeches, sing warlike
songs and read in the press how thu
Canadian and Hritish workors bore
themselves,in the death grapples with
iheir Tuetohic brothers.
The present craze for building Dreadnoughts is nol merely a fad of psitedo-
patriotism, but rather there is something decpr behind it; it is the reflcx
of universal apprehension and concern
not only in England and Germany, but
every other industrial nation bedsides.
There is no use disguising the fact
that yie world's industry is in a critical condition; trade depression is
world wide; mines, mills and factories aro reducing their output, prices
are falling and the labor market is
'glutted with the commodity, labor power.
The situation is rapidly approaching
the "hard times", of the early nineties,
and it., is well known that the era of
prosperity which follows, was due to
three wars following in quick succession; aind now as then the war spirit
is being aroused and the people, all
unsuspecting, arc to bo prepared for
the approaching crisis.
War is necessary to modern industry, it is the last resource   by which
the capitalsts can win new markets,
or retain old ones, in which the surplus
products  of home  industries  can  be
disposed of;' it is also a regulator   of
society which needs' "bleeding' occasionally.
But the workers, what of them?
The working class will not be considered in the least;  from an industrial  standpoint    they  are  merely  a
part of .the mechanism of wet-.lth production, and when it suits the capitalists to play on tbe chess board of in-
' ternati'onal  politics  the  workers will
bo the pawns; iheir lives will be sac-
iiiced-iiclenUessly, and their magnlfic-
basic principles can be stated in plain
simple words.
. First let us state some plain facts.
Indeed, nearly all there is to Socialism
as to science iii general is a system
of arrangement of certain■facj.s.
Men are working to-day with wonderfully   productive   machines.      The!
ontly foolish heroism will bo rewarded"
with broken health, maimed ^bodies,
fatherless children and unmarked
This has been the lot of workers
in the past, yet it is within their power to prevent the like happening in the
user of the modern locomotive transports a thousand limes as much each
hour as the driver of an ox team
could move in a month.
The child tending a battery of the
Nonhrup magazine looms weaves
miles where the old hand loonier wove
The steam thresher turns out car
loads of grain .where tho man with
the flail threshed bushels.
This is the story that meets us
With relation to these wonderful
machines the members of society are
divided into two classes—those who
OWN and those who' do not. own thc
■ The class that, own the machines do
not need to work. They may be like
the owners of the great Marshall Field
estate, wards of a court. They may
be insane, infants or in jail. That
does not interfere with their Ownership. .   .
The class of owners does not need to
do any work, yet its income flows in
the same.
This is because of the existence uf
the other class—the class' that dies
not own anything.
This non owning class cannot live
unless it can use the property of the
owners. It cannot even set foot on
the earth unless it uses the land tint
belongs to the owning class.
The non-owning class cannot live unless is produces wealth. In order
to produce wealth it must use * the
machines of the owners.
For the opportunity to use the property of the possessing class long
enough each day to produce a subsistence for itself the propertyless class
agrees to keep on producing wealth
with these wonderful productive machines all day.
The portion- which the propertyless
producing class creates for itself and
is  allowed  to  keep  is  called  wages,
2!!=th.'wr^rnQi«dQv=£!Q_\y_s=iTltC! the
chances of victory and defeat. If it
is defeat thai comes; if the iron heel
wins out ih the end—why then the
muck rake man. will remain for all
time a scandalmonger and an assassin
of character. If on the other hand
he succeeds in his .efforts to make the
people believe what 'everybody knows'
then he will be recognized in the ful-
"     WORK , '<■-
Steam   Heated   Throughout
ure as the benefactor of his race.
Fortunately we who are Socialists
recognize that the iron heel of capitalism must, ere long, be wrenched from
off the neck of the community, and
then, if not bffore, these men who
have told unpleasant truths, who have
revealed the ghastly realities of our
time, fearlessly, and conscientiously,
will receive the praise which is due to
them.—Labor Leader.
iuiu—a. ii—lli**j-
The members of District IS U. M.
AV. of A. are to be congratulated in
having obtained the right to the first,
day of May as a holiday.
The miners of the Canadian west
are the leaders in the lnbor movement
of Canada'; their discipline and organization is commendable; thoy are making the path easier for weaker unions
to follow, n-)d the. day is not, far distant when all labor organizations will
stand by (he principle: an Injury to
one Is an Injury to all. Their power
is becoming more marked as time
goes on; already have they shown
their political solidarity by electing
C. M. O'l'hien to'the legislative assembly at I-ldmonton, and it is not
expecting too much when their nominee will roproseni. Pernio district after Ihe next II. C, elections.
In the meantime arrangements
should be made to hold a demonstration on May 1st, which would reflect'
credit upon the workers of thu district
and give thoso various bodios pleased
to call themselves Hoards of Trade, to
tako notice that the workorH of tho
Canadian west don't Intend to be led
to the shnmbcls without knowing the
reason why.
Let every wage earner of every race
and creed demonstrate to the bourgeois class of tin-- wi.-ht Hint the International brotherhood spoken of by prophet aiid sage Ih Hearing achievement.
The workorH of every country are beginning lo realize thnt their IntoroHtK
are unit mil and the pitting of on<> race
to Khool holes In number is both foolish and criminal.
A demonstration In view of the
"Dreadnought resolutions" would he
well lined, It will show those 'Interested, so willing to hiicilfici.* others tn
hhvc themselves, thin there Is a peace
puny arising, for If Hie workers rufune
(0  flgllt   enell  Oilier  thell  Will'  Is lit   IUI
Let  lie- answer <if th.. wm Iters   on
May  In!  In* iiiinil!,ial*a!i|c hh in'
"You have nothing to lose Inn you,
You have a  \wirhl in win,"
pockets of the possessing class as'rent
interest and profits.
In return for this the owning class
do nothing but hang on to their legal
titles to the property! This possession makes' it, possible foi* them *o lay
tribute upon tho organ!/.in?:, diroct;ng
,maniigiiig labor as veil as upon 'he
organizing, directing, managing labor
as well as upon the most menial, unskilled manual toil.
, The Socialists point out that since
no function is performed by these owners, and since it requires neither any,
brains nor abilty of nny kind to hold
titles, The workers could just as
well appoint, the state ns their agent,
to hold the titles as the capitalists can
appoint banks, corporations and trust
companies for that purpose.
Since It is only this private, legal
title that prevents the propertyless
working class, from gaining access to
tho wonderfully productive machines,
and using them to produce wealth for
tho producers, when once,tho title was
transferred to the working class government, then nil could use the tools
and land and retain tho product thoy
The present title Is a lnw made one,
It can ho unmade by changing the
laws. Therefore tlio workers are
asked to make uho of.tliolr political
powor, their overwhelming majority lo
gain control of tho government and
use ll to trnnsfer the title of Ihe means
by which wealth is produced nud distributed from the present, Idle owning
cIiihh to the working proper!yless*
Unlike tho prosont. prlvnto owner-
Hhlp to bo established by tho victorious
Socialist working cIuhs will not ho ex-
cltiHlve Inn  inclusive.
There will be none hIiiii mil, from
ownership. All will be owners and
nil will be users. That Ih what the
Socialist parlty Ih seeking to nccoiii-
pllsh.—WllsblVes ,M again**.
The time was not long since that the
above was thrown to a bewildered
public as a bone of contention every
time labor sought to gain some concession from the ruling class. It seems
strange, but it is nevertheless a fact
that the masters do not now dispvte
this question with the fervor that used
to be their wont, comparatively speaking, only yesterday.
How has this apparent*phenomena
come about, that which was only recently sternly refused, in fact classed
as "anarchy, is now graciously granted
and conceded as labor's right. The
whole scheme is quite plain to the student of evolutionary law. The undisputed fact that trade unionism aud
therefore1 the "closed" dhop is no longer the menace to further fields of exploitation, as it undoubtedly was in
the past, supplies the answer.
As long as individual competition
was in force every reasoanble (and by
reasonable we mean that which could
not be successfully resisted) demand
of labor was met with suspicious feelings of awe. For why? Because organized labor had the balance of power
and should reason become evident for
using that power, these small competitors would have to go to the wall, in
short the survival of the fittest would
become personified.
However necessary both the capitalist .system ana* its foundations were
once upon a time they are no longer
necessary to-day. "
The functions of the capitalist class
devolve ever more upon paid employees; the large majority of capitalists do nothing but consume what, others produce; the capitalist is to-day as
superfluous thing as the feudal lord
had become a hundred years ago.
Nay, more.' The same as the feudal
lord, a hundred years ago, so has the
capitalist to-day become a hindrance
to the further development of mankind.
Private ownership of^lhe implements
of labor has long ceased to secure to
oach laborer the product of his labor.
To-day, on the contrary, society is rapidly drifting, to tho, point where tlie
whole.population of capitalist nations
will be deprived of both property and
freedom. Thus, what.was once the
foundation of society itself, the means,
originaly intended to stimulate the development of the- productive powers
that were latent in society, have now
turned into "a master that forces society, in an ever increasing power,
to squander and waste its productive
powers. Thus the system of private
property in the instruments of production has wholly lost its original character; it has become a curse, not only
to the small producer, but to the entire class of society; instead of being a
spur to social development, it has lie-
come the' cause of social decline' and
impending bankruptcy.
To-day there is no longer any question as to whether or not the system
of private ownership in the means of
production shall be maintained. Its
downfall is certain. The only question to be answered is this: Shall the
system of private ownership in the
means of production be allowed tp pull
society with itself down into the abyss,
or shall society shakfe off that baneful
burden, place the land and the implements of production,in the hands of
the people, to be operated collectively
for use and not for profit, and then,
free and refreshed, resume the path
of progress whicli the evolutionary
law prescribes to it? ,
Such is the "question and such is the
certs from the more intelligent workingmen and womon; and furthermore
it is also known that these poor creatures who .are feeling the brunt of the
present system—those driven from
pillar to post, sweltering in the summer and shivering in the winter, eat-v
ing the dry crusts of charity—those
who inhabit our infested slums, are
immune to the message of Socialism.-
They turn a deaf ear.
They have become accustomed to
their misery. They look on it as a
normal condition, and not only is it
hopeless to expect a change in society
from that element but instead, capitalism receives its sturdiest pillar from
that section of its most abject victims.
It* is known that those who havo
freshly lost certain liberties' or are
about to lose them, are always ready
for revolutionary ideas. They smart
under their new inconveniences and
are good material. for the agitator.
That is the lime to get. them.. " By
waiting they become accustomed lo
their burden and are beyond approach
then. a , .
So instead of patiently waiting for
the "goblin to git 'em" let us get busy
and agitate, educate and organize and
thus create a revolutionary proletariat,
and then, when we get enough, we'll
be able to blow the whistles and'send
the unemployed parasites, capitalists,
as well as unemployed workers, to perform useful functions in society.
A. Eizzuto
J. Crawford
Fernie Livery Dray & Transfer Co.
Contracts Taken
Including Stump Pulling, Laud Clearing and Ploughing.
figure on your next job
Let us
Rubber Tired Buggies New Turnouts
People ask if Socialists believe
Yes, they insist on dividing up the
necessary work and causing the two
legged parasites to do part of it. They
are willing to divide up the nobility
that attaches lo labor and let those
who are now idle have their share of
nobility and work.   -
They are willing to divide up the
responsibility of feeding, clothing and
housing the race, and give those who
have been so busy spoiling champagne
and canvas back a job where they
must produce the equivalent of what,
they consume. -   '
But of course, those who get s"tont
without it don't care for that kind of
a divide.
When a mini nets out to expo.se the
evils   wnieh underlie our roi ten social
system he must be prepared for nbute
J and iiilmiuderHinndlng. lie will he lie*
jeiiHi'd of notoriety hunting, of money.
I welting, ni* muck raking;   In Hhort, he
',.' ..;. ii'. i: i»i * * v :** i-c(i io cvolnlu
the philosophy of Socialism In a few
sbtiri wimple words that can be read
In u few minutes and -uihlly understood.
Thin Ih hnpnu-tlblc. .Social Ism Ih an
elaborate H,\hli-m nl iiinugni ui.i. m
touching ••very plume of human life,
Il Iiiih ii literature of teiiH of i how-amis
of volumes. Tin-re ..i" Hen who lnw
spoiii yearn of their lives nu Hlugh"
phases' of Social philosophy and still
lime not touched Its depth**.
Thi* Mini" iliinu i.a l..i,,'',v •>'.■,•• of
every great s-yHteiii of thought. None
uf ilum rati le iiiel'T'iieeil In a mom-
eiil.     There Is no io-.ul load to ,iiu>*.v*
Yd   tlieie   jit'e   i ill.ill)   flllill.'tlie t'.'itl
I»i inilple" iif every ptillusnpliv and w I-
••nee  tbat  can  he explained  so that
hi*.}one   (All   Ull'leiMl'litl   tliem.       Thi
i   »ull,ii ll.U.A *•'• UU"
7 will meet witli opposition from all
illlliKC people wim fallen upon the nil -
| lelllieKH  Which   lie  HCl«  OUI   K)  t'XpOHO.
Ill ii recent number of the New York
Independent, Mr I'ptnn Sinclair, wli'isi*
Hinrilliig exposures ut eaphnllhl cvlln
have brought down slumls of ■ctmiJeiii*
ii'Hlmi from the vented IiiIcivkIh I ha I
lie   llllH  tllllicl'cll, llel'l'tlllH   llilllHl'lf  Hllll
nu ii'iluv,  auiil,\Mh tuiiii d'i<   ti'i.u!,..->
Which IlllVe lieell Iclcllcil lignllisl thrill,
"Th<> murk rnko men I know," says Hie
tuubor of the Jungle, "are all men of
personally  clean  liven  and   generous
1 *■•■ ■■■■i" Tin.i' nre muck rake men
not heciuiHc they line coniipiinii, Imi
Hliiiply heentiHo they hate It with an
InteiiHliy which forbids Hiem to think
about anything else while enrrupilon
Mm enthroned. . , Ah a rule Hie
niiieit rake man began IiIh career with
men' or small gentry, are gradually being exterminated'from the commercial
circle to enter the ranks of that samo
class, whom thoy, at one time were in
the position*of being dictator.     By organizing themselves into trusts    and
combines the, ruling class have made
possible a clear uncompetitive   field,
with only .labor to contend with for
the conquest of the commercial aud
political world.     We have now    arrived at a state where the few'dictate
as to how the many shall live, inasmuch as the vital essentials necessary
to the comfort and happiness of   the
human family, viz., clothing, food and
shelter, are concentrated in the hands
of an exploiting class.'     I havo said
that trade unionism is no longer the
monnce It once was to the 'masters.
Lot us examine this a little closer.
Previous to the orgnnly.atlon of wealth
as wo know It to-day,   the   workers
wero in a much moro favornblo pcslt*
ion to stand for better conditions than
they are now.
Capital wns not then iho centre of
huge monopolies, nor wns tho western
portion of the continent developed.
The two fundamental principles of
trade unions nre: ,a certain standard
wage for a certain grado of work,
whicli shall bo pnld to nil who participate In that particular work, nnd solidarity In enso of disputes, etc,
Theso principles with tho nddltion
of strongor finances, pructicnlly define
Ihe closed Hhop, To the small manufacturer or employer of labor thoso
conditions could not bo accoptod iih
they threatened his nctunl exist once ns
a master'. ' Hy granting or conceding
the "open shop" lny tho only nnlvntlon
of the ruling class as such, The fact
thnt Iho opon shop Ih only partly organ*
is,o provides the nocosHtiry loop hole
for tho furl her skinning of tho tollers
Hhould nny trouble, such iih n cessation of work, ai'lsu, und at tho siuiiu
I lino endeavor to break thu spirit of
I Iiohh who were sensitive to belter
The dosed Hhop would have made
1 IiIh Inttor move nigh Impossible, ho
how Ik thnt to-day, with Iho worker;-,
more organized nml heller educated,
to their own cIuhh fnudliiniiH, we find
UiIh one time nil powerful weapon now
being gnieloiiHly conceded iih labor's
Inalletialile right,
Ah long iih cuudltloits are what   we
find thein nt proHoni, and there will hell o deviation to labor's InloreHiH. while
(IiIh H.VHteni IiihIh, tho "ehmed"    Hhop
Ih   uo  coiicchhIoii   whatever,  lieeaiiHO
Ith liHoftilnoHH iih n weapon for oppreH-
hciI lnbor suggests Its demise wllh Ihe
.I-..'.1.,  if   '\'<'  b'i\f\if>mlont    ov   mlddl"
elnM HoeHnu nf uncletv known iih tlio j
Hinall niunnfuel urn's, who have, or are]
becoming eliminated, so iih to extend
tlie I'oumliiiles or corporate wonlth. An
long ns Hie noresHllloH or life, clothing,
food and ulteltor tiro centred In tniHts,
.,.-.; '■'.'.'*■• '"■ '"■   nml them* Hnmc nieniiH
of exlHietiee a re produced iih n bus-
Iiiohh transaction, profllH, Interest nnd
font. Just bo long will the closed shop
fall In itH original object.
alternative.       Our geiie7atioh~^arid¥
where the roads fork.    .
One class leads tp ruin "and barbarism; the other, that of Socialism,
leads onward to the co-operative commonwealth.
A. full line of shelf arid  heavy   Hard-
-   ware in stock together  with a
. complete range of Stoves
Furniture De-pa.-rtxn.ecit
Our Furniture Department embraces the
most unique ancl up-to-date lines.
.     Come in ancl have a.look *
J. D.   QUAIL.
Encyclopedia Brittanica—-"The ethics of Socialism are identical with the
ethics of Christianity."
Prof. Francesco Nitti, University of
Naples:—"The morality Socialism
teaches is far superior to that of its
Von Schierbrond, author of "Germany," p.9G—"Socialism alone of tho
score of political parties in the empire,
has great ideas and alms and it. alone,
is a living and growing force, throbbing with powor and hope and with
faith in its own destiny."
Professor Richard T. Ely, University
of Wisconsin: "it may bo said Indeed,
that nothing.In tho present day is so
likely to awaken tho conscience of thb
ordinary mnn or woman or to increase
tho sense of responsibility, ns a thorough courso in Socialism. Tho study
of Socialism has proved tho turning
point of thousands of lives, nnd converted self Hooking mon and womon into self sacrificing tollers for the masses,"
Von Schlorbrand, page 95 of "Gor-
mnny"— "Soclnllsm has quickened
the intellect of tho worker, and Iihh
first enabled htm to think, however
faultily, on political and economic topics, It has, by organizing thousands
of Rocinl clubs, glvon those, dull nnd
torpid niaHsoH a genulno inste for and
npproclntlon of purely OHthetlc pleasures. The Socialists of Germany havo
done what tho government left undone
viz,, founded thousands of worklngmwi
llhrarlOH In iIiIb rospoct tho Social*
|h( proHH Iiiih dono wonders,"
Prof. Fll t, University of Kdlnburgh*.
"Socialism Ih undoubtedly spreading.
It Ih therefore right and expedient thnt
IlK teiiehlngH, Uh iiIiiih, Uh londoiicleH
IIh accusal Inim nud promlHOH Hhould
be honoHtly and seriously examined."
"My denr young mnn, Just laku your
time. Wall. Walt until Hie system
hits them Mill lun-dcr, It will lm time
enough' for imitation I hen. They will
be ready lo listen to you then. Economic detennlnlHiii will do It, ho wnll,"
How ninny times have you been fore*
i-il hi il.il>,, '..; tl"' nl"'"'" fvnrn 'veil
metinltii' enmrndes? PerHOiially the
writer Ih nt oddH with the nbovo, For
It Ih known Hint tho BoclallHt. movement recruits Its best nnd most con-
The mission of Socialism is to destroy the entire profit system, and,so,
whilo the Socialist party having no
special program for the liquor traffic
has the only genuine remedy that will
fully destroy that vicious trado. Tho
weakness of prohibition is that it regards the liquor traffic, as a distinct
evil within itself, when in reality it is
only one of the many features'which
are the outcome of capitalistic production. At its best prohibition can do
no more than keep liquor from the'
poor, without in the least depleting
the stock of rare wines and liqueurs
in the rich man's coilnr.
But tho wave of prohibition is demonstrating some things which the Socialist party will Iind of benefit, lt.
is assuming and with logic, that a traffic built on a specinl privilege granted
—a license—suffers no wrong when
people cliooso to withdraw that privilege, Iu many cases this Is of a confiscatory nnturo, nevertheless the peoplo hnvo the right to withdraw the
privilege thoy themselves granted nnd
If a business falls, when that specinl
privilege is withdrawn then tlie pooplo
havo dono no wrong.
The liquor traffic Is built upon spo-
clal prlvllogo which enables It to mako
profits', wore tho profits (nt tho expense of morality) not forthcoming
this business would die out. The same
specinl prlvllogo Is enjoyed by tho
wholo of Capitalism: to grind profits
out of Labor—something for nothing.
Socialism In destroying production
for profit, will destroy tho Incentive to
denl In tho liquor trnfflc—thero will
bo no monoy ln lt.
Tho precedent established by the
prohibitionists will he of great, service
when tho Socialist party Is strong
enough to grnpplo with cnpltallsm.
' U,OKi!,S'i."Ej';SERVES-        ~
Interesting Account of the Work
Which Was Done During Last
'•10 square
"Ono Touch of Nature Makes the
Whole Wor I KM "
When a rooster flndH a big fnt
worm ho calls nil tho lions In tho fnrm
yard to conm nnd slinro It, A nlmllnr
trait Is to ho observed iu human nnturo when a mnn discovers Homelhlng
exceptionally good—ho -wants ull hin
friends nnd neighbors to short tho
bonellts nf his discovery, This Ih tho
touch of mil ure thnt makes tbo whole
world kin. Thin oxplnlnH why peoplo
who hnvn been cured by Chamber*
Iain's Cough Hemedy wrlto letters to
the mnnitfaclurors for publication, that,
others similarly ailing may also uho
t nnd ohlnln relief. Ilnhlnd every
ono of thoso lottors Is a warm hoariod
WlStl Of tllU Wl'llel* (U lie Ot' llnti (U ft.Jiln;
ouo else,   This remedy Is for stile by
all druggists.
HoelnllKl   pin I y nf C.iiiiu!',
! nc, theories, iih n simple obiiei'vcr of!
! fuels Known to every pernon on the.    Tin
■'Inside' nf IhihIwhh and pollib-H.  llm'neither for religion nur ngnliiHt I
'he followed  the faeiH ami  ihe tn. im Iiiih no iniue lo do ■villi ft*Ilglon 'linn
'hnve always led lilm to one couclm,-! has tbo   ('onsorvutlw* or the   'Liberal
'iim: in-ill finally he discovered io his'party.
cons'--rnnrlnn Mini  h" wiih nincerm-il'; 	
In n revolt nwiliiM capiti.llhin.     lie Ih|    "What people mom seek* c-nnnoMie
M..' foil-runner ot a re-'oluilo'i    ni, 11 bought   with  money
-Andrew   Cut*'
Mr. A. Isneelitel, inspector of Dominion Forest Reserves, has written
an account of theso reserves, which
has been published as Bulletin No. 3
of the Forestry branch of the department of the Interior.
In regard to the purpose of the forest reserves Mr. Knechtel writes: —
"Tho Dominion forest reserves are intended to preserve and produce a
perpetual supply of timber for' the
peoplo of the prairie, the home-
seekers noeds being considered as vhc,
most important. They are not intended to furnish wood for the lumber trade. Hence the policy of tho
department Is favornblo to small mills
rather than to large ones which need
largo tracts of forest, and manufacture
lumbor far boyond tho needs of tho
Tho dot alls of the dlfforont reserves
are given wllh tho dates of their formation/and tho areas aro summarized
as follows:
Manitoba, throo roBorvcs: • 357fi 1-1
squaro milos.
Saskatchewan <1 reserves, 1
Alborta, 0 reserves, 0702
British Columbia, 10 rosorvos 2'M
squnro miloH, •
Grazing will bo allowed under cor*
tain restrictions on theso portions of
thoso rosorvos that aro adapted' for
this vurposo. Good.grass should not
bo nllownd tn go to wnsto, tho Inspector thinks, llosldos, grnzlngmay ovon
bo doslrnblo on portions of the „ ro*
hoi'vob iih lho cnttlo will consume tho
grass ond peavlno, which If dried,
would bo very lnflnmniabln, llosldos
the cattle in going to wator, make tho
paths which, narrow as thoy aro, will
servo lo chock any flro which may
como along that way and glvo lines
from which a bacit flro moy»bit oimlly
Tbo llro problem In tho west Is ono
of specinl difficulty, much more ho
even than In the ensl.     The number
of rainy dnys nnd tho nmout of rainfall Is shown by tables supplied by Ihe
went her bureau, tu bo much Iuhh In
Alhertn, KiiHkntcliowan and Manitoba
thnn In Ontario.    Thn velocity of lho
wliid, moreover Is about twice as great
In Winnipeg ns In Toronto,     Tho re*
HcrvcH aro under constant patrol   In
ilummer     nnd winter.     Only     two
fire*, of nnv consequence occurred   lu
1008.     Of those ono In The I'lnos re-|
biirvo tmnu'u' over *.'*.' •.ipi.-.t*-' utiles, but
destroyed   no mcrchaiitnblo   timber;
Uio othor In the Turtlo Mountain io*
servo, burned over 28 squaro   mlh'H,
mostly covered with grass. Both tho
rti.fitt   lie, we ver   linmnued  large quiin*
ed from the reserves during 1908,' on'e
hundred and twenty six from the Riding Mountain Reserve and twenty five
from the Turtle Mountain Reserj/e.
In spite of the delicate nature of'the
work It has been so carried, out that
all those removed have made affidavit
to the, effect that they have been well
treated and are pleased with tho
change.'     .   .
The boundaries of the reserves are
being marked and timber surveys con-,
ducted -jii them with the object of ascertaining  tho  present  amount'     cf
timber rind tho annual cr&wth.     . ,
The species of limber grown on tho
reserves with their average size nnd
condition, are stated and an approximate estimate given of the timber ou
the different reserves. Tho estimates total ns follows:
For the Manitoba reserves, C02.933,-
000 bd ft. of saw timber nnd 0,250,000
cords of fuel wood.
For the Saskatchewan reserves, 55,-
000,000 bd, ft. of snw timber and 690,-
000 cords of fuel wood.
For the Alberto reserves, :1,*102,000,-
000, bd, ft. of'sow timber and 54,220,** *
000 cords of fuel wood.
For tho British Columbia rosorvos:
000,000,000 bd. ft. of saw limber and
6,000,000 cords of fuel wood.
Tlio saw' timber cut. from tho rosorvos during tho*year ending 31st bf
March 1908, totalled about 45,751,.125
board feet and tho cord wood 105,913
Tho regulations for homesookors'
permit's for cutting on the rosorvos
nro glvon In full. Proposed regulation for portablo mills (tho' only kind
so glvon. Similar regulations hnvo
already been imposed on one mill In
the Cypruss Hills (Alta,) reserve llils
winter, nnd hnvo apparently boon a
Tho bullotln is Illustrated with a
ntimbor of good cuts, lt may bo obtained by addressing It. II. Campbell,
superintendent, of Forostry, Ottawa,
Wm. Eschwlg, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Not a Drop of Alcohol
What is a "tonic"? * A medicine that increases the strength
or tone of the whole system. What is an "alterative ?
A medicine that alters or changes unhealthy action to
healthy action. Name thc best "tonic and alterative ?
Ayer's Snrsaparilla, the only Sarsaparilla entirely free from
alcohol.' Ask your own doctor all about it Never take a
medicine doctors cannot endorse.    JX.Ayer Co.,Lowell,Man'.
*-"i)»'lall*-m       ■'**' I.1'"' i-x'-rx  rovolutlonlst he ink--*   bin  ih*rI»*.
B|CS action of the bowcli polionoui product! must be abwrbed. Then you h*tve
IrapK Aik your doctor nbout Ayer'i PIIU (of cenitloUlon.
titles of young growth, Various methods employed to prevent flro such as
tho binning of flro lines and the
ploughing of firo guards nro mentioned, "loads' through the rosorvo and!
along then* boundaries nro nlso being'
constructed largely with this end In
view. One hundred nnd litiy mllcH
nf tiuch rnndn were mndo during Innt
Kxporlmcnts nre being mado with a
vl«w lo reforesting areas on tbe reserves that  have beon denuded    by
fire; sowing   Is favored rather   tlmn!
planting. !
Alberta Show
Case Works
HRHfflW ■
MiiDiifactiiters   of
Calgary, Alta. 1
Mr. Taylor'here produced'a number
of vouchers and deposit slips made out
.by .Shanley.. Asked when he/first .noticed the'-error" of S5900 In the Calgary
item, ?2600 instead of.$3500, he stated
that Shanleyand-hiTrtselMn going over
the. books, for a list' of, donors .to the
fund for "the newspapers, first noticed It. He (Webb) * spoke to Boulto*,
about. It, and also to Shanley', but . he
did .not speak to the ' chairman, Mr.
R.. R. Reading aboufit. He was not
in a meeting of the committee after
that' date. .' ,.
! Asked if he had extracted any papers
since the arrest of Lockhart he said he
had not. Counsel asked him how. it
was'he produced the receipts yesterday
(Thursday.) ' He said he got them at
the relief offic.e. and. they were, his pro-
AanticPi,  'other   papers -at
A pure grape cream of
tartar powder. Its fame
is world-wide. No alum,
no phosphatic acid.
There is never a question as to the absolute
purity and healthful-
ness of the food it raises.
The Lockhart Investigation Case Interesting in the
Extreme—Loose   Methods   Throughout
and Still the Wonder Grows
On the resumption of- the Relief investigation,  Mr.' Taylor  continued:
Going back to' the Banff subscription
of $371.G5?t.h"B was,put through in two
. subscriptions of $300, and a separate
draft put through for $71.65. You have
checked over this cash book with the
deposit slip's, the $300 being deposited
and the' $71.05 is a separate draft
from that. •
Tlie $75 is the. Leduc subscription,
coming through In two subscriptions,
$50 and $25. and. the balance of the
Items being cash Items could be very
well Included in-.the amount turned
over. •-•' "
Here,followed some talk about items
in cash book,  ' •
■  Counsel .continuing:  You notico'that
—Mr—Bockhart-correoted—two-errors in
his cash among the last four or five
items entered upon his cash book before turning this' matter oveV to Mr.
"Webb. ..Donation ot Woodstock, error!
$1S, was charged as $20, but whon received was only $2. Calgary item was'
put through as $2,6Q0, but apparently
thought he was correcting this item. Vie
should have had tills $2(100 corrected to
$3500. Counsel also noticed that Mc-
Dlarmld marked some Items on page'
IC Cash book, whicli was gone through
and lias been prevlously.dealt with. One
was the Jtosednlo subscription of $50,
which Lockhart had debited against
himscU twice, Cross examination finished.
Mr. L. V, Eckstein on beliaM of the
commltluu next dealt wllh Mr, Manson,
lie asked Manson If ho knew tlio date
ot tho $3 subscription,, and also if the
document now produced marked exhibit
21 benrs tlio correct date of August 0th,
would you say whether tlio remittance
reached hero boforo tho I'li'Bt deposit
wns made In tlio Homo bank?
, Maimon could not say,
Eckstein nskod lilm might tlio money have been turned ovor to Mr, Webb,
Manson said ho did not say lt waH
turned over to lilm,
Eckstein next, nsked him lo turn to
tho depoHlt slip of August 17 and accompanying data slip, nnd tell to tho
court what cash waB deposited on that
MaiiHon: Apparently none,
CounHol noxt nsked him to turn tp
sQcond .deposit mnde by Mr Loolchnrl
about August 2SU. and nay' how much
cash wiih dnpoRlted on that dato,
Maimon: Apparently no cash was He.-
poHltoil. ,
In going over tho hooks an you did,
Willi Mr, I.awrlo did you endeavor lo
chock up recolptH apart from donation
Maimon replied that thoy could not
lind any.
Eckstein: Tho monlf>s reeolveil from
MneDougall nnd Tat IIukIioh had not
heen handed ovor lo Webb, Is thoro
nny ai'KUtnunt to nay that Uioho monies
•wero handud over to Mr. "\Vobb7
MniiHon roplled tlmt, ho could not
With roforonco to $123,53, ill.I    yon
nny tlmt  you wished  In bo Instructed
that that wiih an Item whoro Mr, Carlisle, had itlvon a ohcnuo,
, Mr. Taylor hero volunoorod the, state-
ment that tho choquo wan $122,50,   nml
not $1 **.'l,(in.
ManHna would Ionic for till****.
Mr, Kckstoln, "if you iih a mnnnft'or
of tho bonk, wero chi-cl'ln*-*- ovor thlH
hoolt an your tollor'H account of monoy
received  hy hint, nml  you  had  htiforn
you tlio nmnunt or monloH actually turned over, whal would you nny wan the
, HtatiiB of tho noemint?
■ Hoply, Thoro would bo a deficit and
ho would gut an explanation of tho Olf-
If your toller wiih tn produce,    this
hook ne a Htntemont nf IiIh recolptH, tho
1      V.   •'. a *"lii"   mi    i-nti**.*   of    flttlflfl     nn
Eckstein   said  he  understood    there
was a mistake of $50 against Mr. Lock
hart on account of Rosedale error.
More figures ensued and there was
a legal argument between botli counsels re the amount.
Eckstein: Coming back to the $3500,'
an error of that kind, would be very
easily discerned if in going over the
hundreds of items, and find all up to
the $3500 correct, and would be very
easy to trace the deficit."
Manson   could   not  say   as   to . that
■point. * ..,.-'.
''Eckstein:  In'   order  to  know  If  the
stated-sums were correct the best thing
to do .would be to go to the people, or
to thcletters. . .
He agreed with this but said'that tt
.W-Ould  take considerable  time and in-
volve considerable''trouble  to  go  over
ln this, way.
Mr. Manson was again cross examined with' regard- to amounts which he
will not go into again.
The previous witness having' been
finished-with; Mr. Taylor was then going to put Mr. Fisher Into tlio witness
box to swear as io how the $1500 was
deposited, they contending that it wad
bail, whereas Mr. Eckstein and the Relief commlttoo contended that lt was to
cover any doficiencels that may arise
Mr. Eckstein objected to Fisher's evidence being tuken, and said his worship
hnd no Jurisdiction to deal with tlio
$1500, $G(00 of whloh had' been returned. Mr. Eckstein's objections having
been noted, Magistrate-Whimster said
ho would look into tlie matter and render ills decision upon that point In tho
It, lt, Webb was next' put into tlio
Witness box on Thursday afternoon, and
waH glvon to understand that ho was
still under oath.
lie was (submitted to a vory severe
cross, examination by Mr. Taylor.
Uo stated that lio was appointed sec-
rotary of tho Pernio Rollof fund on
September 10th, but started his duties
on .September 11 tli, and IiIh books began on page 22,
Part of pngo 22 was In his handwriting, but pari of it was occupied by
Loekliart, Lockhart handed him $11,-
142.2S, Iloullon went over tho hooks,
and a balance, shoot was prepared boforo being handed ovor lo him.
Asked how much wns In cash and how
much In cheques ho could not sny.
Ho know tho monoy turned ovor was
lu ehoquoH and cohIi.
In answer to ciuoBtlon by counsel ho
did not know whothor Mr. lloulton was
prosont when lio took ovor tlio hooks,
Ilo, Webb, wnH In, a back room whon
tho hooks woro written up.
Taylor! "Do you know anything
about books?" ,
lie nt tit oil that ho had beon a drug
clork for hovoii or olght years, Just
keeping a hnlanco of monoy rocoivod
nnd goods going out, Ho romombor-
od lloulton and Lockhart working nt
tlio books preparing to turn I horn over
to lilm, Ho did nut hoc thom balance
tho bookii but simply working at them,
Ilo wiih not positive If It was tlio night
of tho lOlh that tho books woro balanced or .(lot.
Asked If thoro was a balance shnot
hu Mil 111   111),
Counsol nskod him why ho snld no,
when lie hnd previously ridmUtod that
there was one.
Witness made some remarks nnd mini ll toil that lhern wiih one Issued,
Cntinsi-l asked lilm If he could find
the balance sheets but Webb snld ho
loft ll on tho fllex In llio relief office.
Tlie papers woro left with Mr, Hlmn-
loy, who was the next Heerotnry up.
pointed, which appolntim'tit was mndo
on thn 28th Kobrunry, 100V.
Asked again whoro this balance sh*j<-t
wns, he stated vory emphatically thnt
pngo 12 Insteml of $2(100, how much do llio did not know wlit-ro it wus,     tm
you say ho wm* rc-iulU'd to luni «»»., Liu.-ilcd U.c i.rh when he look Ii over
' but he mnde nn note of It. Mr, Until-
perty.       He 'noticed 'other   papers
the relief office but he did not know
whose  neglect it was that they  were
not turned ii*.to court.
Mr. Ambrey, the present secretary,
interposed and said.that they were old
records and nothing of any importance.
Another argument by counsel here followed.
Webb said he was not living at the
relief office the time lio got the papers
from there but had been there some
time previously. -   -,
Counsel asked him why it was he
left the receipts at the relief office
when they were his property.
He replied that if he carried them
with him in his pocket they would be
worn out, and he had no safe at his
house to leave them in.
Taylor asked him why he did not
leave them at Mr. • Pollock's office,
where he was working, Webb replied
that he thought he could leave them
where he liked.
Asked what cash he received during
the month ot September, he said it was
shown in the books. Another legal argument followed re the amounts. Going
over accounts with Webb, Taylor said
amounts ticked amounting to $719.10
were not deposited by Webb. -Webb
said he knew they were deposited.
Counsel said at the end of September
amount not deposited was $71.08. Webb
"said he had a cash balance of this on
hand checked by Boulton and McDiar-
mid\ Cash book' and deposit book were
cheeked and • counsel said there' were
$338.05 amounts deposited, but not
shown as separate' Items in his cash
book. Webb said he deposited exactly what .Lockhart gave him which
he did the next day after receiving the
same. More figures were gone over
and Taylor said Webb had $719.10 not
accounted for'now.     ,
Counsel: I only, assume that you receive^ in : cash from Lockhart a sum
of $578.03, and as against that assumption you admit that you received money'in-cash. Webb had an' amount of
$1297.93, a deficiency.'of $138.40 and
that y,ou cashed for, cheques $188.25, a
total oi $32G.65. You also had $71.08
cash on hand, a grand total of $387.73,
which subtracted from the monies received, makes an' even $900 and this
was where the shortage was.
' This raised a great laugh from witness and Mr. Eckstein, who said he
was a good Juggler>-ith figures, and
could make them look fine.
'Taylor said he would, do Webb the
justice and say he did not think he had
a dollar of lt. ,■ ■•'*,,
Continuing counsel said:. You told
me a littlo while ago that Shanley did
not handle the money and make deposits before February. He then askcd.it
a-book put in .was in Sha'nley's, handwriting. Item Nov. 14111*1908, $10069.75
deposited by A. A. Shanley, Fovnie.fira
relief fund, Dec 16 another deposit by
Shanley.   8th   January   item   20    cents
deposit'. •' . ■ _ * "   ,    ,
"^"Counsel-clalmed^thls-was— S.ian.ey-s
handwriting,  but  Webb , denied    this,
him cheque for same which was cashed;     -.-■-"
. in answer" to'certain questions, in
regard t*o cheques and' money, Webb
said he deposited all that Lockhart had
given him. ',   ■ '■
Cpunsel: Didyou; havfng taken over
these books on the night of the 10th
Inst., deposit all the monies given you
with the exception of the,$15.03 balance on hand. Webb said that he was
sure he did.   . •
Counsel then asked how it was that
he had an odd three cents cash on
hand in this country.
Webb naid he might have had it    in
stamps.      He hda it ihe same way that
Lockhart  had   small   money   in   hand.
Here followed a legal argument about
the way in which tlie witness was handled.      Counsel  then  said  there  were
the following items not appearing    in
deposit   slips   but .appearing    in ■ cash
book together with deposit slips, $27.3f,
$2S.70, $413.05, cash sales $250.    Witness demurred to this $250 as, he saiA
he had turned the money over   to Lockhart.     The total without the $250 was
$469.10.     Asked if there were any slips
in the supply book to show that $250
was sold.   He was told that there wero
none.     Webb said he did not know ii
this $250 was In cheques or not.     The
amount  $413.05  appearing    on  deposit
slips Is cheques for Miss Mary Lamb,
and endorsed by her.      Counsel asked
if this was one of the cheques turneJt
over   to   Lockhart  but   Webb   said   he
did not know-   ■'        ,
Counsel said if this was turned over
by Lockhart' then his balance of $71.OS
is false.    .,,
Asked* if he did not remember 'Lockhart cashing this cheque in his presence, ,he said he did remember. He did
not remember Miss Lamb objecting to
her name appearing as Mary Instead of
. Witness was asked if cheques were
made out with vouchers accompanying
and * cashed before they were signed.
He replied that he had a recollection
of doing this once or twice.,
A cheque for transportation 'payable
to R. Reading, C. P. R. and endorsed
by C. Fyfe, per R.'R,* was produced,
and he was asked if the cheque was
cashed In his time or not.
He did not know. It might have
been on fyle for two or three days. He
still attested that, he did not remember
cashing this cheque.
A voucher was ,put In stamped paid
September 9.'
Witness, did not know If this was paid
on that date. He was not the secretary then.
Another  Item  $25  mentioned  on  deposit slip but not appearing as separate item on cash book was gone into.
He was  shown  cheque No.   155  doted
September  9th,  payable  to  Mrs.   Lane,
made by relief fund signed Hi G. Lockhart, secretary and endorsed'bv    Mrs.
Lane, and endorsed by the relief fund
with 7'our voucher, attached;  this    nn-
iJomiiorily was a cheque ifsue l by Loekliart ,-u ihe timi-. stamped by the Home
ban!.' a^   *.'•;.,•  through  the*. •   .■:.-. k   >--i
September 17, end as an Hon ii'>t."*r*
A $50 was supposed to be a bank of
Hamilton cheque and Taylor said they
sent over to get it or the name of the
person drawing cheque, bill he said lie
understood Mr.Lawrie had  given  orders not.to let any books.or papers go
out  of  the  bank.     Taylor  ask-vJ  tljat
a fattpoena be Issued compelling Lo.w-
rlo  to produce all   books  and ' p.xpc.-s.
Mr. Eckstein objected and said he was
sure Mr.  Lawrie had not. refused, and
asked   for   particulars-of   cheque . and
promised  to  do  what he "could ;,ln  the
matter  bf  producing  the  cheque. -
Counsel  to Webb:  You  told me yes-
>.-43,>cti>*>- j—..».«- ..a.-. ^	
the exception of this $900 was properly accounted for,   ..'.'.'..'■  -   --
How much cash was received during
the month of August? , \   •
it would be difficult to answer.',' The
addition on page -16 is correct. Tho
word sundries included cash sales transportation,  refund.
Can.you say whether as a fact    the
$3500 having been placed in tlie bank-1
was received? '
No; the proper entry in the cash
book should have been $2600.
What amount should the bank show
as deposited*?
. If all amounts had been deposited,
as received it should liave shown $30i)
more. , '     ,
Do you know what money was taken
over by Webb according to the
,He did not ,know, .
According to the books is there anything, that would show hbw much Webn
took over? ■'   '
He did not know when Webb took
over. ., ,' ,
He was told that it was on "the 10th
of September that Webb took over the
books. '   , ■ ,      .
The books do not show the amount
of money which was received up to
that date.
If you were informed by whom the
entries .were made in September would
you be in a position to tell?
He could not see how he could.be ln
the absence of dates,
Eckstein: Did you make*'an audit of
the accounts between page 22 and page
27 both inclusive?
He  did  and  tlio receipts  as    shown
therein are all properly accounted for.
Except  as   to   the $3500   did   you   In
any place find an error in the books?
No, nothing else,    .There was a $10
error which was accounted for.
How much currency was deposited In
the bank in August?
'He did not recollect.
Outside  of donations, account      how
much was deposited In casli on exhibit
14? .    ,
He did not think there would be any
cash in the deposit.
Eckstein asked JJcDlarmid to tnke
exhibit 13 and go over cash book hnd
say .whether exhibit 13 contains any
monies except by way of donations.
The only item other than donation
on exhibit is one for $125 for supplies
sold to Todd and'Wrlggleswofth. In
reply to question by'Eckstein evidently
only $11.20 refund and $10 re Dobson
and Willingham supplies, was all of
the cash deposits in August. Eckstein
produced exhibit 22 Carlisle* cheque for
$122 dated August 25th on Bank of
Hamilton,and asked lilm to go to thc
deposit book and'see if it was not deposited ln the Home Bank.
McDlarmidf asked for the deposit slip
and after examination said he did not
see any cheque for that amount.
•   Taylor  cross  examining:*
You made your report in writing, did
you hot?
Yes. * '
Asked if-he-had It with him he replied that he hail not. Eckstein Interposed here and said it was on tin? file
which was found to be the result.
Various telegrams and letters, referred
to in report were attached and were
classed exhibit 1G.
Taylor: The nature of the transactions had made it extremely difficult to
get a correct audit?
Yes; owing to the lack of svsicin it
was Impossible to say whether cash
entered in the cash book was ail the
cash received from the supply of stores.
In answer to a question .hy eou*.:.->ol,
upon all receipts shown rhe found... a
practically perfect check: outside of
cash stores.
B. E. WALKER, President    ■
Paid-up Capital   $10,000,000
Reserve Fund    -    6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in United States and England
Every far-ili'ty-affoi-clcd to farmers and others fov the transaction of   their hanking
Sales notes will be cashed ov tuken fov collection,
!? ANKINP   RY  MATT   ■A-ccou**t!-*»1J*y ho opened by mail and monies
DAlmlilU  Dl   lfiiilL £iei,osited   ov   withdrawn   in this way with
equal facility.
Manager, Fernie,
1 *■>
Always a choice supply of Beef. Pork, Yeal,
Mutton, and Lamb on hand.   Hams,,
Bacon, Lard, Butter and Eggs
Our Specialties
Fresh, Smoked and Salted Fish, always a good
assortment. ' Try our 'Mince Meat,
Saurkraut and Oysters.
tu you un m'-iinKei
MnnHun: Thoro would lio a dlfforonca
of I00O which lie would liavo to turn
ovor, ,,
Ankcil If fO'.n.ia wiih tlio nctunl xiim
III      •(ill;     a.V,,k.a.J.aa.J...V      X-.','*.'.      ;...'.}        !. "
could not mw-rar to thin.
Tnylor hero Intorpoiiod nnd anld If
lio did Hwenr thin tlio eimo would lit- din-
pound nf in flvo minutoit,
Irroupccilvo nf the iiippl*/ account,
how inueli cnHli monloB from othor nour-
coi appear* to have been received by
Mr, t-Oa-kHart,
He could not tay.
A mmm tn wr-ro here none Into r« the
mippllcR end cash and thn information
ton clu*cl(.*(l It and lm thought It tlmn
'iKl'i'tiil wit.) the lout Valance hIk1**,.
Hliunlu>' Imd never miked lilm for' llm
lialancn Hhootn,     Ho   »aw Hhanloy In
ti.n  rnllf-f nfttnt. In  l-Vhriinrv. When  lie
via* oxpectlnff Mr. McOlarmld to audit tho aCaiountR. Hhanloy wuh not In
IiIh offlco tho nlr-Tlit ho mado up IiIh
caul! which wa* tho night before ho
went away.
Aiked what poMllon Hhanloy held,
hy counool, ho wild thn only title a*.*-
nlnrned te flhanloy wan a member of
the transportation committer, filmnlcy
worked under him about a month he*
fore he wt-.nl away,     Uu did nut think
KUppiirB    HIIU    aa..,.    ......      _	
arrived at waa that Look-hart received j that t-Jhanley had handled any of hia
$605,151!. jmonlen.
and said It was one of the bank clerk's
which proved to be correct. , The balance sheet showing the amount of the
money taken over, was signed by Webb
■ Asked if lie told tlio Relief committee
that he slKned a pjipor showing the
amount of money taken' over,- he said
he did not think he did, ' It was In
the early part ot February or the latter part of January that1 he last saw
tills paper or balance sheet.
In answer to a question re suppl'di
when Loekliart was secretary, he said
ho  had  to do with  tlio  supply    sales
■Counsel asked why all the books respecting tlio supply ol stores wero kept
from, the auditor ho said lie did not
know thero wero any books, The accounts for store's wero kept by Wrlguy.
lie turned tlie monoy over to Webb who
signed tlio slips and turned tho monoy
ovor to Lockhart.
Asked what Shanley had to do with
the,sale of supplies witness said ho did
.lio know that Shanloy had sold somo
Did Shanley soil any tollot setts?
"Webb  replied   that  ho   thought    ho
Did Shanley sell any hay?
Ho did not know.
Asked again If ho sold' an*** "its,
etc,, ho ropliod that ho holloved that
Shanloy sold a couplo of carloads of
hay and oats,
Mr. Taylor Biild "lt Htrlkes mo thnt
Hhanloy had a lot to do with tho sale
of supplies."
Counsol thon turnod shurply to Un*
wltncHH Wobh, and nsked lilm why ho
wonted to koop Hhanloy out of UiIh enquiry.'
AVohh ropliod that ho was not koop-
ing,him out.
' Counsel: Whoro did Shnnlcy and you
got tho money to hulld tho houso that
yuu liml.
Wol>l> ropliod that tlioy had oarnod
CoutiHoli la Hhiinloy living with you?
Wohhi No.
AHkcd ns to tho amount Invented hy
Hhanloy In tho houso lio wild that ho
did not know.
Hns Hhanloy moro Invented In   tho
Iiouho than you?"
Ho, Wobh, had nbout ^200 InvoHtod In
tho Iiouho hut ho did not'know how
much Bhnnloy had In ll,
Ho wanted to ImprouH UiIh upon Taylor,r
AHkcd If Hhanloy had about |2D0, ho
was not cortnln,
Counpol wum a littlo angry over Uioko
replica "Don't know."
Ho asked Wobh If ho wanted thorn
to bollovo that a big Iioubo llko tho one
thoy had would cost only $41,0 to
Webb said In roply Unit ho did not
know how much lho Iiouho had cost
jt v,,.i> *.'„(.., 7,V,-"'.i (■.■.vn t« i" «
Utile nnirry nnd lio wonted to know
what bearing thoso <|ucsllona had on
tho caso,
Taylor: "A lot: thero waa $000 atolon
before the end of Heptombor."
Counsol and Webb thon wont ovor
Webb's dopoult slips with hunk book,
lirld   ('null   tlCKlK  llTlll   M'.vl.u   .Wi,.*  '..*.,;:
found on deposit slips hut not appear-
Ing as separate amounts on cnn|i book,
Thoro woro several Items found on tho
cash book but not found ns separate
amounts on cash book, ond there woro
several Items found In cash book but
not found aa separate Horns on deposit
stamps, He iuul It lho Mimu way that
out on cask book but -which was on
dupuolt flllp, WeMi eir plained tlml
Lockhart had mnde a mistake of fid,
In squaring the cash but Lockhart gave
Tl)e next' statement in'his report-was
with your cash, and I, have shown you
that Slianley handled your money from
November' lst. I will,go farther than
that. He had to do with it in October. ., ,
Webb said that Shanley was working
part of the time in his office and was
paid by him.
Asked as to wha\ he was doing lie
replied that lie was doing hundreds of
things.     .
He forgot when lie made the statement on Thursday that Shanley handled
Tho vouchor file was gone over and
the first voucher found signed hy Webb
was dated January Sth, and that was
for his salary. Taylor asked Webb if
he knew anything about tho* original
placing of the Calgury letters on the
19th of Mnrch.
Webb said lio had had nothing to do j
with tills, .- ]
Counsol said tho letters had beon
asked for by tliolr auditors, but woro
not produced but whon Lockhart and
Williams went to Klko to- meet him,
Taylor, on tlio 10th, the letters had
boon placed on tlio file,
Mr. Eckstein Hnld this wns a vory
serious accusation and ho would ask
for a*transcript of UiIh particular portion ,
Mr. Tnylor, Lockhart's counsol, unld
if lho missing balance sheet was produced, ho would'rest ills enso for gull I
or Innocence upon that balance sheet,
Mr, Kcklsoln next questioned Wobh
about certain ItomH in cash book nnd'
finally nsked him If lio hnd npproprli.it-
od'nny of tho monies ho received from
Luckhurt in his own uso, to which the
answer wiih In the negative,
Mr,  Taylor Iioh Hald  that $719    Ijiih*
novor heen deposited ln  tho  bank  by
you,    Ih that so?
Wobh! It Is not.
As to thu Iiouho which you njid Shanloy built lmvo you nny way In find out
how  much  il  him  cost   you   personally?
It has cost mo about $200,    roplled
ftckstoln: Turn to lho Item of cash
snlos, being tho eighth Hem on pngo
'ii, amount JUHO, how much was In
cholines nnd how much of lt wuh In
He did not know,
Ho knew nothing about llio hooks
up to that dnio as thoy wero not his
Mcksicln: With regard tu reeelpls
you got from time lu tlmn from l.ovk-
lini't, whose properly worn thoy.
Tlioy worn my property,
With roforen-.fi to tho ">*ll,.iU choline
of September 71 h pnyuhlu to II. Hooding
C, I', It. for transportation, endorsed
ll, Iteiiding per (!, 1'yfe, when did Mr.
Pyfo convert thnt chi*i|iio lulu qurivn-
Un did nol know,
Pu you know who gave tint eurri.'iity
tor this ehcqui'?
1 do not,
1   ...   •.  *T"     V**'-"   i'ii   iui"fi,'nt   ,tr<r.i,L.|onu
with regard in'the payment of (J.  I',
CllU(|Ul-H, 1    tlllllK    I    IllUni.    IliaVu    a.,t»>>-
ed tho ilieiiiiti to get  ll Into my    deposits on the 17th,
Kcksteln: What do you sny will), i«-
foreni'ii lo my friend's «ug«eslUm ilmi
ynu are mil )!JII(I?
V.V-J'IJ.    1    4i,ta,'i     k   «k>..    .......
This finished Webb's evidence oft«i
he had been In the box for abmit .,
dny nnd n half.
Mr. McDInrmld sworn, said hn was
a chartered aerountani and audited Unhooks of the relief fund In Marrli Inc..
In Kolng over the books lie found an
error of $3'11.
Asked what bearing this error would
have uprin Die cash, If any.
It would leave ID00 tn bo aee/iunied
foi'i     Tho balance of the cash with
ri r ja^rfto (*j !ng=as=f oUo-ws ■- i-*.viile_n t ■
The 41 Meat Market Limited
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
       »  _     .      _—
Stores in all the  Principal Towns in British Columbia and Alberta
Veal *■
Our Motto "Civility, Cleanliness and correct weight to all"
ly no record, whatever was, kept ot supplies sold.. . , r ,
*IIe said this was so.. The cash book
only showed what money was received
form store. Shanley was present at
different times when audit was being
made. Ho asked Shanley'If there were
any reports or books with regard lo tlio
supplies and Shanley replied that'there
were none. He was unite sure of this.
Taylor showed him a statement that
wns made ,by* Shanley recently of supplies Hold,' and asked lilm If ho believed that Shanley could make an account llko that without the aid of any
An argument wns entered into between Hekstoln -and Tnylor about this
document. '
' McDl'nrmid'H reply to the question
wns that tlie report did not givo tho
details of the supplies sold,
Taylor: No, nor of tlio other, stores
sold either. Looking over that statement as,an accountant would you not
say that that statement wns prepared
from books?
Ho replied that ho did not know
■where Slinnleygot ills Information.
Counsel;,U wns not taken from llio
ledger, nnd one tiling Is' appnrent and
that is tlio Items woro not taken from
that hook,
McDInrmld: Tlint Is apparent,
Counsel: Were nny books, pnporn or
slips shown you that would glvo you
tho Information shown In that statement which Ih marked exhibit '(77
Witness: There woro no paper.N or
hooks shown mo for cash supplies sold,
Tnylor nsked lilm with regard to tho
Hpokune "SHOO, If It. wns not straightened nut, **
Ho did not know.
Counsel snld tlioy would denl with
thnt part of tho' report rending: T rogrot having to report an apparent shortage of "S'MO. Mel'ilnrmlil said It was
actual now,
Taylor nHlced Mflllnrtnld |f he -inId
there wns a sliorluge of $J0, McDInrmld said thoro Was.
Counsel then enid It was In the hunk
and produced deposit slip showing It
was, It was not shown as separate on
the slip but lunik had given credit fnr
the amount in rail. Mol.iiarinld said
Hint was not ho nnd tlie committee owed tlie brink 110,
Taylor: Hut "the bank gavu tlm commit too credit for the $in.
If tlm hank comes on the committee
for tlio Ilii wlinl liave llio (■(jiniulttcc
lo Hlmw Unit tliey deposled tills full
Counsel snld Ihey liml the hank malinger and thin tin was found deposited,
and iiiiiitiivo'' tlie hank wiih not **h*ut
110 In making np iheir books on Unit
day ami iiIho Unit Kcksteln agreed tn
Us elimination, Meldiirpild accepted
UiIh explnnntluii nnd agreed to Its lining liiken off 11n* amount, which then
brought ll lo I''"'!. That ■J'.i'l" litt'oiil-
lllg In .Villi' Hhlleinenl leaves fiKifl to
he accounted fore MeHlnrmlil said I:
I did Tnvlnr »iild he would sluiw Mf-
JDInrmld  thnt  It   wum  Incoirccl, .   'ihe
[ .1 li.it a.   i'.-     i i-    .I'.'l   ..' '■    I.   ■   !■>>    i -'j'-1-J, Z-
]{■ fore he weni nny further he wanted
wltilcxH to ll Kiel* Willi him III fine
sweeping   Hlitrllicut,   and   tll.lt   Is   th.lt
Uu- tnhI> oii |iiik« 17 Is balanced with
the exception of the one error of *|!iiin.
(■ouiikW: -Hid the error wnn eoiiliiln*
ed In those Hems on 1 tint page. McDInrmld snld Hint If the lmlnnro thnt
wai* brought forward was rorrrci, it
might be so,
.'•"iiiinsels Iuul another lengthy legal
argument. Witness snld If the rnsh
..ti I.nr..! w:i» rnrrrct then Ihe shortage
wns Jn .Vuguxl, hut If Incorrect then lit
('ouniel: Will you look over Ihu tick
marks on this book und tell me what
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Commercial
and Tourist House
S. F. WALLAC1J, Prop.
Hni1 fiuiipliod willi   thn  bost Winos,
Liquors nnd (..Igni'K
The New
■ •
Will opon for IjiihIiioss tho Unit wook
In Mnrcii. Unlit oxproKwly for
It'H a ilnnily, cnmo nnd hoo Ii .
Workingmans Trade
(W. A, Robs, Manager.)
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
C. W. DAVEY & CO., Props.
Waldorf Hotel
Table Unexcelled
CO.,   LTD.
Hni' Mippllnl willi the lliicht.
lintiiili ;if Wiui'*., I,ii|iuii*>
niul CiKni**
(Kiiimel'ly of fVlttfilHIntcl-*
Wholesale Liquor Dealers
A full stock ir n f.*w ilnys
(■nub   book     were
Items  m-fiitrInK
tlot   0epimllt.it.
Mi-'ilnrmld.   It Ih   linji(is*-li>k'   to  say
< tltil'tlne el  U,v flit   V.IU l.u nUun In
our tirxt Ifnue.'
Tlm social revolution Ik nut. a mini*
iiinile Mi'liiTiie, hni (ho uuicouic of unoa
Ol el Ulllilllll   i-idiiltilili,      ft mull '«tl.lt     lh
nn ln wr than Individual act but a social nm1.
The anomaly ihnt now proHcittH Itself Is collecilve product Ion and en pit*
nllsilc nwiicrHhlp.
Now tlio final act to completo tho
ic'.oluilon ■■..•uiiiu.-.s tin (.>.•.■.-throw of
the cnpltallsl ownership of Dm ineiitm
nf life nn,. thi" muM h* don*- by tho
coll'.-ctlvo produci-i-if themselves.
w. rMUt-rj-VUR
THE   DISTRICT   LEDGER,  FERNIE,        B. C. APRIL 10 190*1
©fee Mdrid £th#tt
$1.00 a year in advance. Address all communications' to the "Manager" District Ledger, Fernie B. C.
Rates for advertising on application.
We believe, through careful enquiry, that all the
advertisements in this paper are signed by trustworthy
persons, and to prove our faith by words, we will make
good to actual subscribers any loss incurred by trusting advertisements that prove to be swindles; but we
do not attempt* to adjust trifling disputes between
subscribers and honorable business men who advertise,
nor pay tbe debts of honest bankrupts. -
This offer holds  good  for one month  after    the
transaction causing the complaint;   that is we must
have notice within that time.     In all cases in writing
to advertisers say "I saw it in The Ledger."
Phone 48; Residence 9 i   .. Manager
not wish to tie up any mines nor to be idle any
longer than necessary. But they have principles
to fight for, aud what is more, they have the sinews
of war. to back them.up to almost -an unlimited
length of time.
BEGIN?    *"*    :'
VANCOUVER,   April   6—The   full
court this morning, Hunter,* Irving and
NEW YORK, April 3— Prealdent
Samuel Gompers of the American. Federation of Labor defended the use of
the boycott today before the New York
„     , lwl     -.       ,       rvmgana  Council of, the National Civic-Federa
Morrison sitting,,issued aaorder-tdi-J***.*,-™'. "■.'"■   • ' .    ,a , ■-,.-.-.
recting W.-S!'Stanley, publisher of the
Fernie District Ledger, rto appear here
on April 19 to show.'cause why •*- he
should not.be committed for contempt
Although tlie strike of the miners of District ]S
in the mines owned by the Western Coal Operator's Association has boen in force for only a few
days, the general public are beginning to rcalizi*
the importance of tlie stand that the men have taken, and the vital nature of the principles for which
they are fighting. In the past the operators of
Alberta have looked to the Crows Nest Pass Coal
Company for a lead in all dealings with the miners, but nowthat the C. N. P. Company has given
a fair working'-'agreenient granting a closed shop
and no discrimination, ^the operators of Alberta
, are not so anxious to follow in their footsteps in
this regard. ,,
The claims of the men are eminently fair and
proper.     They say that:
1: The Crows Nest Coal Co. has signed an agreement making working conditions better than anywhere else in the Pass.
° a
2. The Crow's Nest Co. have to compete with
■ the companies not willing to sign as fair an agreement. ■.'•■*
3. To1 accept poorer terms from any, other competing company would be to place a serious handicap on tlie C. N. P. Company, which has been fair
tp tlie men.   ■'.,," -
, These are conditions that cannot be overlooked.
The miners in the past have adhered to the same
position, that companies which grant fair working
conditions to' District 18 of the U. M- "W. of A.
need have no fear of underhand work on the part
of the miners.   *      . ,
Several papers have gone so far as to make out
that the whole affair is a struggle between Hill's
interests and those of the C. P. K. The Hill interests recently became predominant in the control
of the local coal company, and the Operators Ass-
in part, if not altogether, by the C. P. R. Hence
the inference is drawn that the clash is not so much
between operators and miners as between Hill in-
. terests and those of the C.-P. It.. .However, this
has little bearing on the justice bf the demands of
the miners.
- It is a plain fact, nevertheless, that Hill's policy
is not to antagonize the workingmen in Canada,
but to give them a square deal. •      •■
The strike was sprung on the general public
■ind the Operators association at short notice, but
it was not an unpremeditated action,'as the whole
case was thoroughly discussed and thrashed out at
the recent convention of District 18 at Lethbridge.
and all arrangements were complotcd for ccntral-
' lining and uniting (he forces of llio men for a
struggle should the'emergency arise.
The iirst good news was thai the Canadian American - company at Prank had signed up, and it
is understood that agreemnts are about completed
with the Canada West at Taber and Maple Leaf of
Bellevue'were under way, these companies having
now no connections whatever with tho disgruntled
Operators association.
.Reports from nil tho camps affected show that
thc men arc behind the president and the offocrs
and will back him up to a finish. ' That (ho men
Jmvc the local company, by far tlio strongest i*i
tho Pass, behind thorn, as well ns several olhcrs,
gives them n standing and strength tlmt it would
otherwise be impossible to obtain.
The rumors sent out about trouble between tlio
ofTicoi's aro to bo regarded iik us many red herrings
as Hit!re is not nt present, nor has there been in
the past, any dissent ion whatever in regard to the
move tuken, " ,
Tin- tlirciitoning Idler oi! President Stockott of
the Operators Association to President Slierinim of
lho Miners Association, is not regarded Keriously
by (lie executive, and i* taken much in the light
of Uio adage nbout "Any old pm-l in time of it
Tin: inner workings of the once much dreaded
Opcriiiurs iiNHociutii'ii arc of course not known out-
Hide of the chariiied circle, but judging from the
results and recent iiial.PH.iifl moves, they are indeed a very inimirablo family, and more than one of
lli'-m arc said to bo ftinn.thtvmif the advisability at
operating as independent companies, instead of
being incumbered with tlie dickerings and iioritenH-a
of nn iiKHOitiiitioti. whose only aim is to keep (nick
from the miners any degree of Vnir working eon.
ililioiiM and, good pay, Ihut can possibly be withheld.
Tlmt ihe ati-iko. will ■>'* of long duration i.s not
regarded us probabli' by those who arc competent
, to'judge, The men have certainly struck when
the'iron is red, for more than one of the concerns
has practically no coal on hnnd, and lo satisfactorily man their mines with other hands is out of the
The mincrR are ever ready nnd willing to meet
with any operator who wants in discuss matter,**
on the basis of Ihe Fernie ngr.*eini'i»t—which i« only
it fair and Imsinesslike arrangement-     They   t\<1
If, according to the Lemieux Act, working men
can be compelled to continue working for their
masters after their term of service has expired,
where does "the freedom of the subject" come in?
Some years ago in England onr masters made
much ofthe "Predom of the subject" idea that is
embodied in the British Common Law. According
to our Canadian rulers, whose ideas are a kind of
bastard British-American, we have no right" to leave
our master's service, whether our contract of service ends or not; we must not seek another master
until some ward-heeling politician in shape of" some
pork butcher, candle stick maker or third rate law-
er, who has been elevated to the bench and made
a.judge, steps in to find out whether we are right
or not. The whole object is to endeavor to club
us into submission by the force of public opinion.
The public does not care a tinkers damn so long as
they can get cheap coal.
If such a law can be made stick, if only for a
short time, what is there to prevent our rulers from
passing a law to compel us to continue to work for
our masters all of our natural lives under penalty,
if we refuse, of being sent to the penitentiary and
there driven by the lash to, work at hard labor?
Take care, Mr. Canadian workingman—you
may find yourself up against a far worse form oi
industrial slavery than any that has yet been imposed upon any part of the human family. But,
will the Candian workers submit ? We can say for
the workers of the Rocky Mountains that they will
uever submit, even when facing-machine guns. In
deciding to ignore the Lemieux law, the coal miners have only done so after long and careful consideration. We have counted the cost.
■ The coal miners have always been to the front
of the struggle foi* industrial freedom. In common
with the world-wide working class we are preparing ourselves sior the inevitable struggle that will
shake the foundations of modern capitalism to its
down fall.
of court. '"The action rests upon an
article appearing in the Ledger • allegedly reflecting*: on . the conduct of a
Kootenay case by Judge Wilson. The
case was that of Dean, who was
brought, Before hiin after ,the ■ Fernie
fire for taking money' under, false pre-,
tences in connection -with the Globe
Insurance company whicli went out of
business as a result of 'the conflagration. Judge Wilson acquittedDean.    ■
"It is just as vicious, an attack as
could be made on a judge," said deputy
attorney general Maclean in asking for
the order, after reading the'following
extract from the publication forming
the basis of action'.
"If you belong to a few secret fraternal societies and happen to be on the
right side of politics' you can commit
any crime in the, calendar with the
certain knowledge that when you come
before the bench where justice is supposed to be dispensed, you will be acquitted, a la Dean and the Globe."
"The suggestion was that Judge Wilson acquitted the men because he belonged to the same secret society or
because he belonged to the same political party. Nothing more outrageous in the way. of comment could appear than that," said Mr. Maclean.
The chief justice: "Did you consider the advisability of proceeding by indictment?"
"Yes; but I thought that when a
judge was Insulted in this gross way,
this was the proper procedure. It is
a case that strikes right at the root
of the administration of justice," replied the deputy attorney general.
The only similar ^case recalled by local lawyers was that of Willam Mc-
Adams some years ago while conducting a Sandon paper, offensively criticized a member of the bench. He
was committed on refusing to apolo-
gie, but a few weeks of prison confinement led to the' demanded apology.
He^was not,on the programme as a
speaker, but he had been invited to be,
present, and two addresses by Prof.
John' Bates Clark of Columbia stirred
him to action. Prof. Stimson referred
to .-.the recent contempt proceedings
against Mr. Gompers and others in
•*;"A blacklist is unlawful," he said,
"but a 'white list,' which commends
Is lawful. In the Gompers case there
was a proved combination by a number of persons to influence the public
not to trade.with a stove company.
"The confusion of freedom of speech
and freedom to print arising in this
case may be dismissed with the word,
that anyone has a right to print what
he will, but is afterwards liable for
it. * If this announcement regarding
the stove company had been made
once. It would be fair as a mat*"1*«**
news, but in every number for years
with the announced intention of doing
so ln all possible newspapers, for the
purpose * of coercing the stove company, most juries would decide that
these facts show a primary intention
to molest the stove company."
As a representative .of labor I know
that the laborer has morally, and he
should have under the law, the right
to organize and protect what.he possesses, which is the power to work,
and to give or withhold his patronage."
Mr. Gompers in reply said:
'X am not a lawyer and tho qulb-
blings of the lawyers,as to the legality
or illegality of certain acts by labor
organizations is not for me to deal
with. But aa to what Is* fundamentally right I think I am qualified to
speak. If the laws do not properly
safeguard the fundamental rights of
the laborer they should be changed.
"The Greenwood Ledge contains the
following :     *   '"'. __  \     .. . .,
Owing to changes which have taken
place ln the business outlook the.past
few days, and events "which mayl occur
at any momept requiripg' an independent journal, the Ledge-will continue to
be published'in Greenwood. ;in this
decision,the Ledge is not without precedent, so the publisher does not lay
claim to originality.... As heretofore,
our.columns will be open .to business
men who'wish to patronize the paper.
Those who desire to withdraw their
patronage are at liberty, to do so. The
editor does-not'make suggestions as
to the manner in which others conduct
their business. ' He expects the same
courtesy fr6m*.them.. The policy'of
the paper will be what the editor believes is in the best interests of the
community as a whole.     The Ledge
has never gone to a bank wicket for,
inspiration as. to its policy! Bankers
are like trolly cars, they go ae long as
they are on the track'and-the juice is
being poured into them. . Away from
his ledger;the banker just buts in and
telescopes.'*' ,J •.*_*" ''' '
 :— '—> i    ' , -—
"WINDSOR, April 6-"-Joseph Rivers,
n married man and the father of. two
girls- is held' in $2500 bonds for a' the
grand jury on a charge of kidnapping
16 year old Daisy Redman of Charles-
fiown, New Hampshire. The' prosecution says that Rivers met the girl.at
the Windsor station on May 3, 1908,
took hor to, Montreal • and that, he
tramed through Canada with* her
and that they, worked on farms together, passing for father and daughter. '*"       .-"--■ '     '
/r ,r.
You  will Say
Is it Possible
*> .*>
4> That I can buy choice fruit. lands with >
Y a good water supply, within 30 miles of
/> Fernie,  on  the  installment plan.    Such
<> easy payments are not offered by any other
4> company. Write for circular on "Kootenai
y, Irrigation Tract"
O" ■    ~     - i ' ' "^
j>   D. W. HART, (Agt. for Canada) Baynes, B. C
• The freedom of Canada has been boasted of for
generations'. Can this boast be'still held to. Is
is not but a myth that disappears as soon as the
rays.of a party or the amalgamation of certain
men's ideas demand it? .The freedom,of the press
•is apparently once more to be given a severe jolt.
According to despatches ive are the centre of act-
public sympathy thought,aloud and what was on
almost everyone's tongue, during the trial of oue
Dean who_can-accredit himeslf with,being ;the biggest \scouiidrel out of jail to-day. ;He formed a
company on hot air, and with assets amounting
to some $300, wrote'up "over sixy thousands of insurance. He -was tried and acquitted; and now,
months afterward, we are to be brought up for
something—what? n
Perhaps Judge "Wilson took, our remarks too
mucJi to heart. Tt must be reuiembered that dozens
of our cili/iens were absolutely stranded by thc action of this- man Dean. We ourselves lost heavily
through 1 lie,Globe, and there is not a man or woman in Fernie who does not think that Dean should
have been sent up. Wo were nici-cly repeating the
public sentiment.
Already tho revival campaign has been in progress for a week, aud already marked results havo
attended tho labors ofthe workers. Tho seating capacity of the hall is taxed to its utmost, and there
appears to be an earnestness associated with thc
movomont that augurs well for tho stability of the
results. -. "   ■
There aro evangelists and evangelists, Tlio rehearsal of death bed stories, and tho recital of
hell firo and brimstone threats may, for tho timo,
havo the effect of "scaring" somo wandered into
a semblance of reform for a short time, which
is <too often put down for a soul won by such methods, In many, many cases tin's person drifts
back to Ihe broad rond, from which in reality, ho
has never deviated.
Hut the Hphei'e of work for the •'manly evan-
gelist" is wide, and wo are pleased to say that such
men are in our midst, An honest appeal to men
I'i'oiii a mail whose life and clmrni'tor back up his
prol't'ssioiis, cannot help hut have results pa heart*
to-heart invitation lo lifo fashioned after th-ypnl-
tei'ii ol' the Only Perfect One must bring rcsullh,
and hiuh results, following lumust conviction of
sin nml shortroiiiing, are n-miltH lasting, and ones
that will Aland the test of time.
Tlm- old conception that religion was a thing
for children and women has happily given nwny
to a more haw idea., and the thoiwinulH of men in
Toronto the last low days, in attendance nt the
Missionary eongrcHH, planning for the evangelization of tho world, is a spectacle that will long be
remembered in the history of tho movement, mid
one tlmt, marks a decided change iu tho nttitude
oi men lowurds mailer.*, p.'i't-ii/.irig to the Ureal
The,local campaign i,i being well handled by nn
energetic committee, and the proceeding**] nre being thoroughly reported daily in a well prepared
"pi!i'i,a;l"i'(iitiwii ilitilj " iiiiili-r the caption of Tlie
King's HiiHinenK. Tlw workors hnve the co-opern-
lii.ni of all people in J-Vruii' and district who -W:
interested in thc best interest» of tlie'-people and
LYONS, N. Y. April 6—A strange
and unusual case of a young woman
facing a jury on a charge of murder,
with her parents and brothers called
as principal witnesses for the prosecution, was developed before Justice
Rich in the supreme court to-day when
Mrs. Georgia Allen Sampson went on
trial for the shooting and killing of
her husband. Harry Sampson, nephew
of, the late Admiral Sampson, at her
home near Macedon oh November 1st
of last year.
• Sampson lived with his young wife
in a part of the Allyn homestead, the
same house serving to shelter two
families.      -
There had been quarrels ^during the
night between Sampson and his wife,
and in the morning of the. tragedy over
'a letter which she had received from a
young man in Rochester. Sampson
was seen alive in the dining room of
his home oib Sunday morning by a neighbor, John Eberts. "** ' ". " 7
ed into the,Allyn apartments with a
bullet in his breat and fell dead without ever uttering a word .of explanation. • •-..-   *  •■     •
-The-rifle, still smoking; was found
in the-Sampson room with the trigger
cocked. . An examination of Sampson's clothing showed' hot one single
speck .of powder. • „, i>
District Attorney Gilbert has summoned about fifteen witnessed, and
he expects to prove his case against
the woman, through the testimony 0/
her own family.
Harry Sampson and his wife lived
at the Allyn homestead with Fran it
Allyn, father of Jlrs Sampson, and
two sons nlso resided. All wero on-
gaged in farming.
Tlio prosecution will nlso have testimony to show thnt hnlf nn hour beforo the shooting tlio rifle .was soon
in tho wooilfllieud of the Allyn homestead. District Attorney Gilbert will
Inform the jury thnt'all tlio members
of tho Allyn family can be accounted
for at tho tlmo the shot was fired
except Harry Snmpson und Ills wife,
and by this process of elimination ond
tho testimony of an expert that lho
rifle must havo been fired at somo distanco from the body, bo established
tho guilt of the wife.
Tho dofonco will endeavor to show
that Mrs Sampson was upstairs at the
tlmo of tho killing, and will loavo the
jury to Infer Hint tho killing was dono
by somo other mombor of lho family
or by somo unknown porson.
The defondant maintains lior inno-
Fernie Opera House
Programme  Changed
Three Times a Week,
Monday,  Wednesday
and Friday
All the Latest
Adminion 10, IS and 2j cent!
M. A. Kastner
Fire, Life, Plate Glass
and Accident
Property For Sale in
all parts of the
"'"'.. •■ city      r ''   .-
Houses   For
R   E:.'.:yN   T
Agent       -*  -
Don t forget that I am back
in the old stand and that
my prices are better
than  ever
'NewOliver Typewriter
Machine given out on trial
No, Charge  ,
Highest   Price   Paid ' for
South African War Script
'Suits   $5.00   to
u< .1
Shirts    75c to
J. 00
Shoes    2.00 to
' a
Caps      50c io
J. 50
«   ''■
Trunks 3.50 to
. i   See my swell.linej>f xNeckties^trt ./^—cte*-****!
all styles:
(Next door\ to Hotel Fernie)
We are showing a collection of the
most unique and attractive designs we
have ever placed before you.
Prices as usual are
most rea.so-na.ble
5c.    lOc.    15c.
and   up
to the more elaborate ones, Post
Cards, Folders, Embossed Designs,
and a complete   line   of the  latest
A^nt for Huytfir's Chocolates, Phonograph:*,,
New Scale Williams Pianos,  Etc., Etc.
"*•¥     'V
■ i
> tl
i m
r 1
I m
n u
j. n
... n.i
ii'' r"|
i ftt{
*t iri
I** I .?•■•(■
The Official Organ of .District No.  18, U. PI.W.   of A,
Fernie, B. C., April  lOtH, 1909
■-*•-■       • r       -   ■ - -      ■       ,   - ■  ^ :■«■•
•j* : From our own Correspondent *
Saturday nightVsmoker ln the club
hall lacked none ot the enthusiasm urul
the high standard of each detail that
have marked its predecessors. The occasion' was to do honor to'Mr.' Georg-e
O'Brien on his retiring: from the presidency of the C. C. L. A. A. This club
is essentially a working-man's club,
and Its members are ever ready to recognize tho services of any of Its officers who have tried to brighten the
dull1 days in this littlo secluded camp,
which by its very location is cut off
from the outside world. The hall was
crowded and each man on entering was
given a long clay pipe' and a sealed
envelope containing tobacco, whicli
were supplied by Ingram's Cigar store
of Fernie. Refreshments were handed
out by willing waiters and things rolled on merrily from start to finish. Mr.
A. H. Macdonald ln making the presentation referred to-the intermittent periods in which Mr. O'Brien had carried
out tho duties of president. He especially remarked on the.many important
matters that had. cropped up,, during
his last term, and said. that.as a",board
member he was ln a position to know
that'Mr. O'Brien had handled these
With splendid business foresight and a
.diplomacy which every man should'bo
proud of. . He mentioned incidentally
that the presents were ah "anemometer" and a'pocket case containing a
barometer, thermometer and .compass,
bearing the .inscription "Presented, to'
. George O'Brien by officers arid members of the C. C. L. A. A. as a token
of respect for services rendered as
fk\ ** president March 1909." -'Liphardt of
Fernie supplied these. The rising ot
Mr. O'Brien to accept caused a.deafening round of cheers and the singing
•of "For he's a Jolly good fellow" He
worq.lhe smile of the justly proud man
and ln^ returning thanks said '.there
had been times when standing on that
platform as their president he felt he
"had too much to say, but now he felt
that he r had ■ too little.' It was' only
those who could carry their minds back
to the dreariness of' the place before
they,.had a club who could appreciate
the blessings.of Its existence. . He had
spent many good times in It, and,as its
president he-had at all times foun.t
pleasure In furthering its objects. True
it was that at .times he had* had ..unpleasant duties to perform. He would
have them remember that the success
of their president depended''on *he
support and iridulgcilce..of. every menu.
~■"b"Er""~an*d"he"nibped~*they would accord
this to the present and futvjre presidents as' they had done to him. He
thanked them fo rthelr beautiful and
usoful gifts which he would cherish.as
long as he lived-. Mr. W. McFegan and
Mr. J. T. Puckey wero.In^charge of^the
proceedings aiid Messrs'. Combe and
Mercer fulfilled tlio part of aecompan-
\ Ists.to.tho longest aiid best program
r .ever given In Coal Creek. Whon the
Ij Idea of a presentation was mooted the
wish of Mr. O'Brien was consulted and
he chose tlio above named articles os
being useful ln his profession. Tho program wns:
Anchored; Seaweed; Let Hor drown—
J. T. Puckoy.
Asloop In tho Keop; Rocked In    the
Cradle of tho Ucop;—J. Martin.
Buffalo Monarch  of tho "Wood; Sailor's Story; Seagull—J, Stephenson.
Callnglinn;   Murphy;   J.   Dyer'   San
Antonio,  Cheer up  Mary;  T,   Douglas.
O'eh  ay; Stop  Your Tlpklln'  ,Toclc.~
W. Maclcny.
'   A policeman's lot; Pirate King.—A,
H, Macdonald,
Cock a doodlo doo, W,  E.   Ilughos;
Gonovlovo: J.  Tyson.
Ring Down  tho Curlaln, J.  Morris.
■Wandering Boy: K, English.
Kllllornnlclo; Teddy C'ontciH* Foo tho*
noo': W. Clark.
.Tolly Miller: Lock Lomond, J, Tro-
harno; My Darling, S Ivy,
Karewoll: T. Dovles, Ho's my Pal; H,
HI TlcUlley 111 ll; Pormors Boy; SonR
that Reached my Heart: W. II. Evans.
Drinking Rom Tom: ,71m Clarke,
Klllarnoy; Wolconio nH tho Flowors
In May: J, McOocklo.
Lancashire* I-nttor: It. Ilubherstoy.
Homm-teod; Break tlio Nows lo Mother: J,  Jenkins,
Dlvor; Poor old Jolt: William I3vanu.
London   Town;   Poor  Old   England;
Inquisitive1 kid; Ulddon Troasuro: Chan
Clarldf-fo. ,
,.,     Mothor hasn't Hpoho to Fathor fllnco;
)JHI tiddly lil-ally um; *VVolNhman In'Lon-
ifj don; Nobody, Pattor; Hob Noshltt.
What Tlii 1 Do; aottlng It by Do-
f-rooHi D, A roll 1 bald,
Humorous recitations.: W. II. Evanu
iim. W. 13 HiiKlioH.
Htnp danco, .lack TlionipHon.
Calm walk, dnncoH in coon clmrnetor
H. Btr-'llltorHt nml fllnion Ivy, tlio lat-,
tor linpnrHonntliiK tho riminlo.
Goo, Clinrloswnrtli. Pan Hrlncon and
Ram Coclcnyno    had a fine   catch of
Qrayllntr down  tlio  I.Ik  nn    Mnnilny,
nnd llko mnny other flKhori* forgiit tun
million** of tlio l.odgor follow. Tlinrn In
no  voK-Jiarlmi  UiIh ond of tlm    Htnf*,
I Tftlto the hint Oiibi*.
!     KIhIkmm plfiiHi' iinti<: Trout flwlilng; In
T]\ IIiIm dldtrlot commonr-cii on May iHt nml
!j', nniH out Nnvomlior ■MUi.     Tlii* I* p-.it>-
I'JlHhod In an«w«r lu many nnuulr...*.,
Rt*svu  llnrclny,  nn  old  club  officer,
fiiinift up nnd took In tlm mnnlcer   nn
•*Jaturd;y night,
Our Janitor In IiIh "Oh Mr. HiiKlior'
folrly urouj-fht down tho Iiouho,    If he
'.,'    ;..'.    i.    >•-:..,.'.a »'.,.n    -"..a    a,.'    .,,<     ia/»a
•Jtt'trlbfl wnll liln nntlen and 1il« tttrtet «k-
"*■ i, premtton ployed lilm a namy trlok,
•\   VIA you ovor nee Mac In butter, form?
He went Into It heart ami »oul.     Tlw
jtldtratnii of Tommy Atklim would   beve
I .suddenly Irani-formed urn Into an army
i\w!tl.  I'ljtlitlnff Mao *• <>ur I*id or.    lt
•rtiiuKin \ tik-tti tit-wi Mln >» t*v«*ri wtiin-
per Germany. Qo to It Mac. Some ono
h*e to keep the color* flylnif.
flAnd oh my! Did you mm Mackay?
The very refined London twang of
Charlie Cl«rldir» tcemca to tickle unme
of you fellown, Never mind Cl.ar.io,
time will fHt that clown. Your turn*
'were alrltfl.t and ...uy wtll hav* t» «••
'norne to heet you.
I"." ore n't   tht- ritUe    wh1U*t»    .1 *» n *** v»
iThf way Klrnon -manipulate', nml tlinw
hotd  p«ltlcoat»  about   would      t.av*>
Vnade a pity tclrl Wnih wltf. *-nvy. It'**
.".nt the flrat Mm* he'e been In 'em.
Andy Paton U down with pnnamnn*
Danny Campbell- was suddenly seli-
ed with Illness whilst working in the
car shops^on Wednesday and had to bo
removed to ■ his home. ,    .      •'
It is spurprlslng to'- learn that there
are South' African veterans eligible for
the land grant who failed to'send in.Misapplication form. Their courso now (s
to write to Sh el ford Grlmwood, Secretary Imperial S. A. V. A. 3 ."VCetcalfe St.
Toronto, OnL, giving full'particulars of
their service ln S.A. also the date of
arrival in Canada and state if been in
continuously since.
The examination for lst, Snd and Srrt
claus mining tickets was held in town
on Tuesday and two following days.
Coal Creek was well represented.
Mrs. Dun.canMathieson.from Edmonton has now'Joined her husband, here.
V. C.^Stephensonfrom Michel-was ln
Coal Creek, on Monday to execute a
warrant. .'He-did'.not find "his man.
arid P. C. Varlow accompanied him to
town to continue the search.
A. Plerpont, with his wlfo and family, have, removed'to'town.     .
-   Charlie Martin left for his home at
Springhiil,  Nova    Scotia,  on  Wednesday.
. The evangelists along with the new
Presbyterian, pastor arrived ' oii Wednesday-evening. You are kindly asked
to remember the special meetings,
which will be carried on nightly until
April 26. You can't lose anything by
calling In. '
The preliminary hearing of the civil
action between Connell & Scott and the
C. C, L, A. A. was begun on Tuesday,
when J. Combe was examined.
Thc report , of firearms at ' close
quarters Is becoming too frequent. It
is quite evident that this is done with
no seeming purpose'. It is an offense
to discharge firearms ln or near the
camp, so somebody Is asked to take the
hint and so keep themselves out of
trouble.      •    ■ °
Dan Mclsaacs returned'from the coast
Wednesday evening, looking in the pink
of condition.    ' "'"
William HayBon, an old timer from
Coleman, was visiting Tom Williams on
Wednesday.        ,
v On Thursday morning the caretaker
of tlie wash houses noticed smoke coming from'one ofthe lockers. He opened the locker arid' found the contents
destroyed beyond use. He was able to
prevent the fire reaching the ' wood-
worn "and thus'prevented what would.
*iraW"'he"err"a "serious calamity. " It Is
supposed that someone after smoking,
has put the lighted pipe or cK-arette In
the pocket of the clothes left behind.
George Roughead was In last'week.
Ho went away again last Friday, taking Tom Harrison with him. '.They Intend' running the plcturo show business ln. the western camps making a
start, at. Moyld, '
Mr. and Mrs, Frank Williams are taking, a vacation at Spokano and > Billy
Fairclough and the missus ure running
thc boarding house In the meantime.
Mr,-Boulderson has gone to the Conl
Co.''offIco at Morrlney. t,
' Wo regret that Ned Parkinson Is
compelled to quit his'job as pumpman
through IllnesH. Tho doctor 1ms ordered
plnnty of fresh air.
Paddy Kennedy brought' his friend,
Charlie Slater up from Hillcrest la»<t
week end. Spider has still an abundance of tiio real Irish wit and the Joshing never lagged.
■Tack Connors surprised tho boys
when he dropped In from Seattle, Jack
Is an old timer nnd tho hand shaking
wan furious,
Jim Lamb and .lack Mitchell havo returned form their trip to Spokano.'
EH. llnys ami Fred Stewart hnvo
gono to reside ln Fornio for the Hummer,
Wattlo Dick, Anthony Ilinsisy and
Walter Bruit have net sail for Lndy-
smllli, A farewell party was glvon
at tho houso of the parents of the first
named.at WohI Fornio whoro a right
royal tlmo wan spent. Grnrnaphono and
accordeon HOloctloim pnllvoned tlio pro-
coi-dlngH, .ioforo leaving tbo boys ffavo
hnnilHomo and valuahlo presents to Mrb
Dick and MIhh Dick as a token of tho
high esteem In which thoy,held then.
All woro vlHibly affuel.od at tho parting, Wnttlo look a sprightly young
lady  with  lilm and Anthony's    groat
I rouble waH that ho would iiiIhh tho
extra Hpi-clul dnlntlcH ho Iiiih boon getting lu li!*-* buolcul, Uh, Anthony! Vou
can't got all ynu waul In this unkind
Wn guoHs Heottlo said nomo nlco
thliigH when ho acclilontnlly got* tlio
othor follow'-*- huolcot and Haw tlio nlco
nwoot thing*... We thouglil tlio Htur
bmmlnr Hj'Htom lind dlod away at Coal
Jack ItOHH linn dlHgulHod lilniHOlf hy
leaving IiIb wlilaknri. on tho floor of hU
lonmiflnl artist,
Davn Paton ri'prcH.int.'il Conl Cri'clt
nt llio meeting nf tlin Piihh AMoolatlon
Pontlmll leaguo liclil at Mlcliol on H.il-
Our attention Iiiih lioan drawn to Iuul
w'|'>I.'n Ldilgor wlii'vo wo Mliilml tliut
wo had no runll liure from Muivli 26lti
until TuoHilny. March 3i)th, Thin mIuiuIiI
Im until March SOlli, and Hint muni uf
II wns not rcrolvod by the inlilrrBHiTH
until TiiPHday, March SO. Wo do not
lDce. rniiHc nf rnmplalnt at any time,
and tho thought of IntoiiNlfylnn* n grl.*-
vance la outulde out Intention. \V« ujiol-
oglze for tlm nilntakii anil tako UiIh
..im »|>pu)iuiiio* ot  rectifying It.
Mr, Mcvrrin, TnUie" Itii'jiccIui', vn '
horo this week,
Tho two water upanloli, whloh camu
Into Iho ramp with m.rrip C, C. atiK.t)'''
after riahlng along tlio Elk, lmvo been
claimed by a Hweile wIioho ranch In
about four mile* ticvntul Fernie It" h".'
Hpent alrnoxt u xvi-cli eeeklntr tliem.
Our boarding block bought a gallnu
of the real atuff to Induce tlio boy* lo
cut up the lea and clear away the unii'V
around the home. Mont of them worked with a chain gang determination.
Other-, coaxed rhe Jar Into the wanh*
hon»e and Imbibed on the* qtAm. They
dUpemed, Intending to return nnd Imbibe again. One gat In advance nf
tb>i r.*it, *!i.*[/.i'.il llio Jill' Uild m.-ciully
mnde lm locnile;i *ulidlWe for a few
eye opener* In the morning. I'tuliiif
lh* nlghl the rye had lutnrd in a ni>**
terlriii* faxhlon to iour tea deaplte it»
having been under lock and key.    Th »
morning was the wry faces which this
discovery made. The local Pinkerton
has the matter in hand.. He says - we
must find out Y the culprits hid - the
jar. Working on this', line'of thought
he at first suspected Y-orkie; then big
Y-anto.   Now, he  has'.discovered   that
s Y is in the plot and this has.made
him advise Bill to fire - the bunch of
these Y's fellows. Mind the step there
Jim Seddon, who was struck.ln the
eye with a piece of wire on January
29 and who was In Fernie.hospital for
a long while, Is now told by the doctor
that the sight of-.It is totally destroyed. Keep 'your heart up, Jim.
■t       '  ■■ *
Settlors of Kootonia wlll'be delighted.to learn that tho Rev. W. L. Hall of
Fernie'has Just purchased a site for the
new M. E. church. The location decided upon is midway between the Adolph
store and tho station.
.•Mr. Slow,1 who has recently arrived
here from England, has secured employment "with the Adolph Lumber
Owing to the rush of settlors to Kootonia Irrigated tracts the number of
children is how sufficient for.a new
school and steps aro being taken to organize a government school district   .
Mr. B. R. Streeter,,who1 was employed
by tho Adolph Lumber company last
year, hae .returned and will take,up
his work in the new mill.
Mr. J. A. Tormey, secretary of ■ the
Kootenay river Land.company, arrived
here from ; Spokane, Wednesday, ■ and
la pleased with the Improvements made
by the hew settlers."
. Mrs. Peter Backs reports one hundred and fifty little chickens this week.
Is any one ready to compete with the
Kootonia women in poultry raising.
Mr. Albert Dekelver and family
and hlo brother Henry of Cardiff, Alta..
arrived in Kootonia last Friday ' and
will make It their future home,' both
men . having' purchased a farm.
They are delighted with-the climate
at Baynes' and enjoy a rest from the
severe cold  of the north.
The Baker Lumber company and the
Ross Saskatoon have both Started'operations in' the past week.
Dr. Saunders "and Mrs. D. W. Hart
took six o'clock'dlnner with Mr. and
Mrs. sRobertson Wednesday. '
* An accident which might have ended
In a severe loss .occurred at Mr. S.
J. Morrow's'this weekwhen.a valuable
Hereford cow fell Into the lake and
unable to make her own way* biit, regained there' all night and part of the
next day and "when discovered was so
exhausted'- that only tho white face
was visible. '
ployed as .teamster at the Adolph mill
left for Fernie on Wednesday-morning. ';■ 7
Mrs. Adolph.and  laughters tookdln-
ner wlth,Mrs.<Robey Wednesday..   ;..
'■*   ' ''   J
kkkkirkkirkkk^rkkkk kkkkkkkkkk
Whon tho snow and Ice have gone,
snld tho teacher up In Hosmer, beaming upon tho boys, and nature awakens
from her long sloops, tho tiny bugs begin to appear and then what do we
have?     You may answer, Willie,
Sulphur nnd molasses, replied Wlillo
Miss Reading and Miss Andrews of
Fernio aro Elko'vlsitors this week ond
ln chargo of two botany students from
somo of tho candy stores In Fornio.
Elko Ih lo form a gamo nHHOclatlon
and build a fish hatchory. Mooting in
to bo called tills wcok and tlio association will enroll mombei'H from Paynes,
Lako, nnd tho wholo Tobacco Plains,
and tlio gamoy irout will havo a run
for his monoy. Reading from Isaac
Wnlton pago lii loth verse commenting
on RooHVlllo,  he snyH:
And tho trout have moutliH llko bear
And tho fishermen stnnd In rown,
On  tho stream  that  runs    through
Whoro tlio Big Led Applo grown.
1 .'Baynes Lake claims to have the most
absent minded1, man'between Elko and
the boundary line.1' The other morning his- wife' found- lilm sitting on the
milk pail and the piilking stool stood
pushed under the cow.
Wm. Coulter of7<Yrmour's Grapo Vine
distillery, ' Kali'spell, > Montana, and
Libby Tobacco Plains, saved Fred Roo's
life by not coming to Elko last week,
says thp'KallspeH'Bee. Coulter Is
from Donegal with an accent from
which you could skim-cream, and the
most passionate hammerless gun firing
hot air peddlar In- the long clear and
pickled  pigs  feet business.
Jim Bates, one of the best experts
of old Isaac Walton's disciples, ,\vas
in Elko this week for some fishing
tackle that catches the fish.
C. J. Lewis, game warden, ' spent
several hours ln Elko this week, and
left for the South' Fork lodge pole and
Weasel creek.
Fred Zellors, tlo contractor, Is laying
off his crew of tie hacks and Is busy
rounding up his ties for Inspection,
Fred is a groat entertainer and he is
chuck fuil of home made laughs and
Jokes.- ■
Morgan Thomas and a'party of men
are engaged on the. old Mott ranch
west of the town subdividing Into 10
acre lots,' *
The title ot a new-song that has
Just reached Elko Is "No matter how
hungry '■ a horse may become! he cannot eat a bit." ' ■' ,.,
. Every-.rancher on Tobacco Plains is
busy sowing oats—^wild ones.'
Jim Thistleback says a grass widow
Is one  that makes hay ln  the' moonshine. '
I mean to buy a little farm
For I .have got  the dough
To make ' myself a happy home '
Where the Big Red Apples grow.
■ Not only does the Canadian government want to keep a sharp iook out
on the seaboard and pick out the right
claftg of Immigrants for Canada, l-nt
ports like Gateway should cbe watched
and deport the vile, truck that Jim Hill
Intends to bring ln to. gobble up that
one thlry five per day,
' Cactus "Charlie was In town • thiB
week with a full grown porcupine and
two bare hides. Jack Lewis was on
the job but the hides were Mexican
dog, so the hotel de city Bastile is still
the only vacant house  iri Elko.
A classic of the big sand creek will
appear In the column; next week entitled The Tie Hack. ' '       .
It .Is predicted ihatwhen the North
Star mill starts up ln Elko It will mike
quite a buzz in the place.
There; was no truth in; the report
that Yorkshire*1 had -declared war
against' England.    - '• * V
F. J. Smith of Moyie was in Elko
this week—beg pardon.we,should have
said the Moyie Leader. Take your partners for a square. ,'.
. Frank B. Hawthorne_o.J_thtLHudsor.s.
Bay-Co.,- Nelson, was registered at tlie
Columbia this week.
About thirty five drummers visited
Elko this week, at least twenty . of
them should be ..planting.-, spuds and
weeding onions.   ., , .   n*     - .   ,:
Georgo Bardsloy from tho-Big Red
Apple Valley was In Elko several days
this week. .   ■      ..
Charlie Yeandel was In Elko • 'this
week looking as lonesome as a sheep-
herder at a funoral. - Wo didn't sec
him ourselves but that's the report.
The "Tie Hack" next week. ' Don't
fall to send a copy, to your aunty.
Como down to Elko Easter Monday
and   seo .what a beautiful placo It Is.
While in a Passion-Dealt the
Blow with a Lantern and
Went on His Way
Elko Is ii good plnco to for,m a gnme
aHHOclfttlon bocaiiHO wo havo ovory kind
of Rhino but thq rattier.
Thousands of tourists will como to
Elko If thoy could be aHHurcd of hoo>
Ing tho gamo nHHOclatlon In action,
If wo cannot make nurselvcH Imppy
wo can mnko ollioi'H happy, and thoy
In turn can cruuto happlnoHH I'or iih,
A. I, Fisher, tho Llhorul whip for
South oiiHt Kootenay. wiih looking ovor
Elko proHpectH  Sunday,
John Mutt and Hon nml Fred and Geo,
Kk-dtnii left Elko for Sunny Alherln lo
mlvortlHo Ell.o and tho Dig llcil Applo
country. Tlioy will unbind ul l.elli
bridge nml drivo n four In hnnd toiun
through tho bent HoKled illtiulutM nnd
lfn nnfo to nny by next full every acre
or land Hotith uf Elko will bo bou.flit
up clear to Ihe lioundnry line,
Tlm Oroat Nnrthoni Hnll wny have oh-
IlibltHliMd It |ir«i.'odent III tlin lltililtlH of
mllronillng, and which will bo lmlle:|
with dollglil hi Houth EiiHt Konleiinv.
They hnve without nnklug iiilHcd the
flection uion'N pay In one dollar (ono
hundred*lillo Amerlcnn copper eenlH io
the dollar) and thirty five cvntu per
dny of ton hiiui'H. TIiiiI'h vour Amerlcnn rallrondN for you. We alwnyit
Hnld limy were nlienpor than a Chin*
oko laundry ticket.    .Put n beggar on
iKinielmelf        nti'l    t>r.'M    I'M"    Vlnr.        t
dentil, i'
dlHtrlcl In the IntereM*. of the C. 1*. It.
lnnd department,
Tho weather In Juet grand In Elko.
Coluo down and Men fnr ynumuir,
Mr.  Bmlth  or  the  Wet-torn  C'nnndu
!>•>,.,*'".?'.     f',...vJ.\.i    At,.'.;   Oa..      laaXil    VI
the A. MucDonald compnny of Ferule
were In Elko Monday giving the low*
ent poimlble 'iuoUIIoiim on Force, prune*
nnd dry nalt cod.
A timid little woman from Mourner
while waiting for the eftnt bound train
In Elko wandered down below the
ntnrk vnrd.1 ttntl heard it c.nivasriiatloit
which fainted her to flee to Htatlon agent  ,toe AUfttln  In pnnlr, lull  Joe  w«n
A grand ball was held at tho hall on
all Fools nlght-whlch turned out a big
success, . Another will bo hold on
Eastern Monday night,
A snd aclcdont occurred ln No. 8
nilno on Friday which resullod in-the
death of Albert Kryus, an Austrian,'
who was employed as a miner In tho
Hovonty slope, It appears tlio decoased,
was In tho act of picking up a shovol
whon a portion of tlio roof gavo way
and Htruek tho deceased on tho head,
causing Instant death. Kryus waH a
marrlod mnn and his wlfo Ih on lior
way to Canada. Tho funeral took
place on Sunday aftornoon, leaving tlm
Catholic church at 5 p.m, It was fol-
lowed'hy-a largo number of tho U, M.
W, of A, who turnod out to pay their
Inst respects to tho dopa'rtod brother,
Tho InquoHt hold at tho polico station
on Saurday night, found that docoaned
had mot IiIh death through a fall of coal
—thoy alHo added a rider that tho officials In chnrgo woro lo blnmo for allowing tho man to work In an unsafe
KENORA, Ont., April 2—Tho story
of a ghastly midnight murder .In a
lonely shack in the bush resulting from
a drunken brawl Is die news brought
Into Eagle at one o'clock this morning
by Ed. Buckley nnd Jack Robinson,
who walked from the scene of the
murder al Mlnnetakl, four miles cast
to telegraph to Dryden for the police
to come.
3 John Dell was killed while lying in
his bunk by a blow from a lantern in
the hands.of Alex. Miller, familiarly
known as "Sandy,"
- The detallB are substantially as given below:
Miller and Bell, who live three miles
from Mlnnetakl, had Just returned to
their shacks from Dryden, nnd stopped
at Buckley's shack near the railroad,
to pass the night, Intending to go to
their own place in the morning. Miller and Buckley had gone to the barn
to do some chores, Bell having been
put to bed by his mate,
■ When they' returned to the shack.
Bell said something to Miller, which
was not overheard by Buckley, but
which apparently infuriated him as he
swung his heavy farm lantern at full
arm's length, dealing Bell a terrific
blow on the left jaw, smash/in-*, thi
lantern to pieces.
The lantern being the only light In
the place the shack was plunged into
darkness so that the effect of the
blow on Bell was not apparent at the
moment. Buckley then clinched
with Miller, who was larger and stronger, and was overpowered and thrown
out of the shack. Miller then followed
Buckley out, where Miller, all unconscious, that he had dealt his partner
a death blow apologized to Buckley
for having used violence toward him,
and proceeded homeward.'
Jugular Vein Severed
Buckley, on' re-entering his shack,
could get no response to his questions
to Bell though he could hear him still
breathing heavily. Unable to get
a light, and becoming alarmed, he
"light and help. Returning with Robinson and a lantern tbey found Bell,
whose jugular vein had been severed by the blow from the/lantern and
breaking glass, already dead. The
body was badly spattered with blood'.
Buckley and Robinson are of the
opinion that Miller went to his home
without, the faintest Idea of tho fatal
results of the brawl and still remains
In ignorance until ho has returned
to the scene of the fight since Buckley
and Robinson left there.
So far,as known no bad blood existed .between the principals in the
affair. Both men nre alleged to have
been drinking heavily, nnd Miller who
was in tho'' belter condition of tho
two, ari'd helped his partner to bed In
the shack.
The chief of police nl Dryden was
placed ■ in possession of tho facts by
telegraph, and is oxpecled lo arrive'at
Mlnnetakl, the acone of tho killing nt
•I o'clock this morning,
SAN FRANCISCO, April 1—TlrltlBh-
ors nro Immoimoly nimiHod ovor John
Dull playing nn April fool joko on Undo Snm yoHtnt'dfly, whon the llrlllHli
Biinboiit Shonrwiilor of lho British Co*
luinhln station slipped Into tho Sun
KranclHco hnrbor from (ho south dur*
Ing tlio onrly houi-H of (ho morning in
it Hllght fog, nml iiiicliorml imoliHiirvoil
hy llio Unitod Slntos lonl-mitH on lnnd
niul noil.
At tho military rcscrvtitloiiH nnd In
Hhlppliig circles l hoy nrn nt III wondering how It happened whilst tlio
merry crowd of Urltloh lilin* Jackets
undor command of Captain Crawford,
Is making merry ovor the Incident hy
which tho vlglliinco of Uio United
StnioH lookouth proved muiqiml to thc
Slioni'wuter'ii luetics In gulitltiK shelter
.a\..4,>   T'tc .n/...n  Uliitr  (l.u   'irillHfl
flpihtlni"* nhlp hnd ntr-nmi'iJ In tl)jx>'u«lj
..'.' iMnAttt* ami party ure_tn thej thn Ooldnn (Into under the very noses
of tho lookouts nm! anchored half a
nilh* off thu ferry building a pnsHliiR
boatman wns surprised In tho fos to
como upon hor gray hull.     Careful
KENORA, April fi—Tlio Inquest on
John Bell commenced Snturdny night,
nnd wns adjourned until.to-day to por-
mlt. of a post mortem, The only oyo
witness, E. B. Buckley, rehearsed the
Millor hnd brought n couplo of bottles of whiskey from (own which wore
drunlc, Boll wus put to hod while
tho other wto fixed up tho horses for
tho night. Coming In, Miller wont to
got some hlnnlcots, for lio nnd Duck*
loy wero to sleep on llio floor of (ho
, Boll, who wns disturbed, said somo*
tilings not heard by witness, which
caused Miller to striko Boll a blow
with tho Inntorn, which wns utterly
Witness grappled in llio tia./c w.
Millor who hnd the hcHt of 11, Duck*
ley then orduml Millor off the promises, nnd ho wont lo IiIh liomofitoinl
throo miles ensl wln'i'c Riibttpqtipiitly
ho wns 'iiTostod In bed, tmnwnro of tho
t rn god,v.
Miller nnd Hull worn nolghhors und
nppni'eiitly on good tonnii,
Robinson nnd Kltzgdiuld iiIho nolgh-
bori"*, told of Hiicliloy coming for n
light nnd hhhIIiuicu und of Hull dying
Hhortly after, his JiiKiilnr vuln ludug
cut by kIiihh.
HIS LIFE OR $3,000,00
the well known General Merchant
<- pleased to make
announcement that ho carries all kinds of -Merchandise
and just received the
stock of fishing tackle,   the new kind with nfllniiuty
adjuslni'ent— bound to bite—can't drop olf,   Some
zealous competitor might call him a
but Fred Hoo is lutppv
knowing that he has a reputation in
for variety which is worth more t*6 him than untold
Keep your eye on this   advertisement   and
we'll give you something to write home to
your aunty about
Eastertide Luxuries
Comprising tlie very best and
purest in food products that
the grocery fruit and confectionery triule can supply, are
to be had in-the utmost profusion. Whether yon have
only a little family feast, or
an elaborate biinquet to celebrate Eiuster, it will be greatly to your interest, as well as
convenience to see our stock
and examine our goods and
prices as both are sure to interest you.    There's a. reason
■ why you can nhvays depend
on getting the best value for^
'your money at
Phone 17
Goods Delivered Free
•   ♦•^►♦♦*4©-*»-«* ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦  ♦*♦*♦♦♦♦♦
Easter Hats
A splendid display of Ladies' Hwidy to
wear hats .'.■ ■..
Ladles' Dross Nats trimmed wiih
Wings, eliill'im, Flowers nnd Foliage
A splendid ussuriiiunit to chouse' fnun
both large and .small   af a reasonable
Also a display of Children'
cnniiot he eipnilleil, from,.
Hals that
.My millinery coiinIsIs of a grade nf goods b iu;,dit
wiih (he greatest of can* and at lnw prices and
will appeal strongest, to (he cnrel'iil buyer,
Customers no(<* my styles are exi.'lusive.
No Two Hats Sold Alike
IvtrtO.   EL.    I VUV
(MIICACIO, April 'l»-Vlil<*e/,v*| Ch-mel.
wlio Is said by the police lo lm Ihe
lender of tho Clilciij'o liliickhniiil wiih
nrroHtO'l lo-ihiy In the office of Mr,
I'efor Cutrei'ii, from whom the Itnllim
hnd ileninnded f'1000 on pnln of Instant death,
■Gomel, It In Raid, had irtven nvMnnrr*
collet-nil*.*', hi* fiHHoclutuH In tho plot,
and the j-ollce c.vjit-i t Hinm-nl ■.■.■r..'...
other**- hooii,
It Ih Hnl<l that tho mumheiH of thy
Chicago ganj,* atv In t-\u»e toiu-li with
tho New York bind. hnnilH who are
thought to lmvo hroiinlit nlmiit «he
death of T.fr-nt   T»(it-n»lii»i nt tt„, >•,...•
IIiinIik'-n   lllui'kN,   Cliiiiihes
S'clinols, and  heavy xvmU a
Al'l'llt"  fill'   Kllllllllltllll l'|t'».l'lt   )l| jll,
nml   Hiitiil   I'nliil   Ciiiiiiiiiiii   mill
I'ii-i-i'I   llili-k,      I'Mlm-itiM   fur-
iiMiciI ficn
vmmtmmmmin   mi .. .'_. -~
ix^nixMim fttiowui. ituil KiriK Kdward'8 YorJi police depnilriiciil while hn wiih
i only tr»c*»bl# t*mMt.e.<it to »■»•*• in itn>-
Kiinbont wan lyliig peacefully nt anchor In tho bay nt Snn FrnnclHco. A
mornont lator tho BimllK.it ciittlrig the
mist, brought lior «rnceful IIiioh Into
closer vlHlon anil tho Kimhont'H com*
mnnder pulled off In a pinnace* for the
slioro to iiay rt-av.t-ct» to llriili.li t'oii*
sill Hearn.
Tod-illy oblivious lo tin* fuel that .i
t.1.1** m^npiatn .lu* .•K.runi-.llnary j+y fort'lKi. w'U'n.iJp had -.team**.. Into port,
^ Am(Mr|ra„ mnrlno lookout* admit*
U;A the Joke, vat on them.
During thrslr »hort utay tho Hritish
residents ore- hurriedly iiiniiiRliiK en-
■ terulnm<»nt for their countrynu-n.
mark* tlmt Imd en nwltiii-il lx-r. Till*
In wlmt ehe hf-aril Iwfi lirnWMTun unv:
"Jump onto her wln-n »li* romcii t.y,
run li«*r A„wtt by th* nnx*.- milt and cut
li*»r In two nnd liouil cml up to tin* .li*-
In Italy
Dr. Culrcrn novernl 'Inyo txfM re-
enlvod n thr<*ntcnliiK h-linr deiiinndliiR
f.1000 but ho pnld no nlleiilfon to It.
A fit-cand Icttor win rceelvM. To-dfi'
tho phyjilcliin received ft tnli-phoiie
mommgo from lho mnn who utihl he
wrolq |hu letter.
"Union* yon pny u« the mfmev ;*«iu
will he V,\l\\:t\ within mi hum." *->'*i<-
Ihc mnn on', thn phone.
Dr. Cutr»**rn Invited tlm mnn to com.-
to hi* offlre. Uo p«*p,*ir<'.1 a xbtmiuy
pnckitKc of money nml mni for ihe police di'tectlvon who rnmc lit onri* nnd
**v*r«* •f-<w<-t>ft1fi1 Jr, «n silji-iiriiiif: ififim
In thu home. j
Try ui for komI Portnltune. Ptic.i
UKKlnrat*. A<lilr*ni PttUll A»*nu*i
JiiHt its the |i1i)h|cIiiii hiis IiiukIIiic
Ihe imrkiiK" over llm deiectUeM Jimip-
ed out nud KMibhed (iernrl. He founht
hnrd. hut    wan   flimlly overpowered,
,H.l',   .Ifi'l hiel) ,
Widilii a fihoit time tln'ie itwif .ii
rnp n*. tho door utid t!.»rnMi entered,
the trup.
"! !.»ic timio tor th,- iMHi.-y," .**.iul
At ihe < (inclusion of the iiiiiiiiIhk
Kelt lee In the naplinl church Sunday,
when Or. .Shearer diJUered n jm*er-
fill xermitti, the Mdlri.tiii'.' of ihe
Lurd'H .Sii|i|i.r wmi nh*.<rt,.'A. *nd »!>'•
rliahl hand of frlln-Ai-Mp **«'•-♦ «'Xtend*
i A   tO   till'I-     U'.'A    ll.Wi.U li. PAGE SIX
Fred Lebeau   Goes   to the Gallows for the Brutal
Murder of two Men Near Tobbaco Plains
Last June--Was Cool and Collected
' . KALISPELL, April .2.—Nerved for
the ordeal by liquor, Frederick Lebeau
condemned to hang for his part in the
brutal murder of Reily and A. P. Yo-
kum near Tobacco Plains last June,
mounted the scaffold steps with light
steps, eyen bravado, in his manner,
shortly after 7 this morning, contrary to declared intention of yesterday.
Lebeau slept several hours last
night, at. 5.15 a.m. he awoke and at
six arose and dressed.
He partook of no breakfast, simply
sipping a little whiskey. The prison-
1 er had requested that Senator Long
who was appointed to defend him in
trial, be present, and Mr. Long arrived early, remaining with the doomed
man until 7.
Objected tc Word Murder ,
Immediately upon awakening Lebeau was seized with nausea, but was
seated in rocking chair when sheriff said"
announced that the time had come.
. Lebeau was led into the cell and the
sheriff proceeded to unfold the lengthy
document containing, the death warrant. Lebeau dropped upon his cot
.nervously and cried "Don't read that
word murder!"   *,
The sheriff explained that he was
compelled to recite the entire "document, and proceeded in a considerate
' manner, but when the repugnant word
murder was pronounced Lebeau raised from his cot and struck the paper
It took much kindly explanation on
the part of the-sheriff and Mr. Long
that the law demanded the reading in
full of the warrant before prisoner
could be quieted.,        ■ - ■      '*•'-'
He implored the sheriff to,stop the
reading and declared that he was not
a murderer, and would not, kill any
one unless'he had to, but with friendly
assurance that he was the best prisoner ever, the sheriff "again'pacified' the
■ wretched man, who inquired of Mr.
Long if this was law.
Mr. Long assured him that it was.
At 7.15 the procession was started tn
the scaffold.
The prisoner requested that he be
allowed to walk alone,, but on account
of his unsteadiness Sheriff O'Connell
took his arm. Lebeau moved to the
scaffold quickly. He was dressed in
a dingy suit of overalls and light cotton shirt turned down at the throat.
Upon the stairs he kicked off his
shoes and passed a facitious'remark
to the crowd and seemed to regain his
self possession once more upon the
When asked if he had anything to
say he said: "I am not guilty; I want
you to ever remember that I won't die
with my shoes on because I am no
As deputy assisted the sheriff in fixing, the noose Lebeau remarked: —
"Make it light, Billy," and when the
knot was drawn against his neck he
exclaimed: "Oh, God, man, that's tight
Addressing the* few spectators he
Gentlemen, you may have seen
lots of hangings, but you never saw
one like this. Mr. Long,, will you
shake hands with me." t
Mr.   Long complied, visibly affected.
The cap was pulled over his eyes;
he muttered something and Sheriff
O'Connell sprung the drop. His pulse
was pronounced still in just seven and
one half minutes by attending surgeons. ' The body was allowed to remain suspended fifteen,minutes, then
, removed to Waggoners undertaking
parlors. The neck was broken clean
the snap being.audible to the those
near by. '- ..,,..   „
Lebeau had prepared a history' covering several years of his life, which-
he was going to give to Mr.'Long, but
he destroyed the, paper the night.before his death, explaining that the
facts might lead to the identification
of his mother and sister when they
would learn of his ignoble end.
Lebeau was forty- years of age, had
a kindly"face and shifting, eyes, his
shoulders and neck were massive and
he was 5 ft. 10 and weighed,205. ■
SEATTLE, Washington, April 5 —
The amphitheatre of the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition' has been accomplished partly by human efforts
but for the most part the work has
been done by nature. ' On the precipitous shores of < Lake Washington, looking across a succession of bays, and
snow topped peaks of the Cascades are
brought clearly into .view, and this
forms the background of the amphitheatre stage. Three.sides rise from
the floor, and these have a stately
slope upwards; only- in the development of these natural seating places
has it been necessary for work to be
<£ About the tiered sides of the amphitheatre chairs rise one above .the other
and' in the vast forest theatre thirty
thousand people can have comfortable
and sightly positions. Surrounded at
the back and sides to towering trees
of Douglas fir and massive cedar, the
place seems to' have, been created by
giants of old.for spectacular events;
it is so fashioned and designed that
open air acoustics
Two Union Bodies Meet at
Glace Bay and Fly at
One Another
D. S.
Now, doing business at the Johnson-
Faulkner Block. Office hours 9-12.30
1.30-6. -.-      7      ' ,
which could be generally looked for
only within the walls of structures that
were built with this property always
in mind.
It was in this spot that the first shovel of earth was removed in the building of the "Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition . Without any work of prepar-'
ation twenty five thousand people easily were accommodated within its borders. During the course of the exposition the amphitheatre will be the
scene of many interesting events, and
with its arrangements as now perfected will afford the grandest out of
town theatre in existence.
GLACE BAY, N. S. March 30—One
of the greatest labor, demonstrations
ever held in Cape Breton took place
at King's theatre this evening, when
the rival labor, leaders, Moffatt and
McNeil of the,P. W. A. and Patterson
and Bdnsfleld of the U. M.W., endeavored to' address the meeting' on behalf of their respective organization's.
The meeting was called for eight,'
produce results I but long before that hour the theatre
Office,Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to l; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
Residence 21-Victoria Ave.
Dr. Ohown Says That he was Mis-
represented as to an
parent that it has been grossly misled
by an irresponsible, reporter and a
sensation mongering daily press.
On some, things J do not see eye, to
eye with Mr. Chown, but in this instance he has certainly been grossly
and unjustly' misrepresented."
SPOKANE, Wash. March 30—That
Paul Lewandowski, the Polish cabinet,
maker whose body was found on the
Fort Wright military reserve a week
ago, was taken (o his death in a yellow
rubber tired buggy is the latest development in the murder mystery that
has bestirred the whole police department, o'
' ' The '• only suspect under arrest now
gives the name of Paul Client The police say he'tells conflicting stories as
to his 'whereabouts at' the time .when
Lewandowski was shot. The sum of
$30 taken from the dead man, was
found on the prisoner.
Clein tells the police that he always
had .money on him, while acquaintances allege that a Week ago he ' was
pleading poverty.
■■ The detectives are convinced that
the man who hired a buggy from a local stable last Sunday is the man who'
killed Lewandowski.' The horse and
buggy were returend by the man wno
hired it. -
little thing; what's
, In view of the fact that.Dr. Chown
organization who are trying to better
the morals of the country, the following from the last issue of tho Saturday
Sunset of Vancouver will prove inter-
; esting:
"A majority of the papers west bf
the Great Lakes have commented severely upon.remarks'imputed to Rev.
S. D. Chown, secretary of the Temperance'ancl Moral Roporm department
of the .Methodist church, who recently
mado an itinerary of the west, 'The
language imputed to Dr. Chown was
so unlike his utterances to the writer
upon whom he called while ho was in
Vancouver, that I refrained from comment upon them pending some explanation from him.
Dr.,Chown, In tho Interview, was reported to have dilated upon the wick-
' edness of the West, the- open Immorality and so on. When ho spoke to
mo talked of the Brent Improvement,
ho had noted In all respects throughout' the west and was purtlciilnrly woll
pleased with moral nlmosphoro ho
had found In lYlneo Unpprl.
Dr. Chown has written a letter to
the local press in tho course of which
ho snys:
Let. mo say tiien, (1ml. I cnmo homo
from Hit wohI llmnlu'til to God for the
»li?iis of growing social conscience in
all parts of our splendid country, nnd
I spoke to everybody with special optimism about, crindilloiis in your provlnco.      A reporter dropped Into my
offlco on llio day nftcr my arrival, and
to li 1 in I Hpoiiu with enthusiasm about
the groat, progreHH you nro mailing In
every lino, und I did not suy one word
derogatory cojiceniln*,' any ahjioc!  of
life on tho ennui,     About only     two
plucoH'tlmt I hnd visited In the provlnco whoro mon hnd     taken specinl
pal im to acquaint, wo itiith untoward
social (.'ondllloiiH, did I say one word
pronch.     .lust at UiIh point though, I
which could     he const mod   as a re*
roinildorcd our talk n friendly, convor*
Hiillmuil manor, iuul I tool* the nro.-'iu*
Hon to wum Iho ri.'iiiii'lor iikiiIiihI nay-
lin? iiiiythlUK In tlio pi-oHi* about iIioko
things.     Thoso nro the facts. I hnd
thnii'*hl my wish had boon respected,
hut wiih Hiii'priHcd to loinn tlmt never*
nl iiow*ii|>apci'ii t i.iit!ilii',d common1'* mi
Iln' Interview, nnd finally upon koMIii'k
hold of tho paper which first contained
It, I was pained io soil iho nature   of
Ycl tin* reporter loft my offlco and
wrote it roperi which hnd not a word
of the ('(imiiiendatloii I had oxpn.'Kaoil,
llllll, I))' KlOrtnl*. i.-Aiiti.-,•.*i iiuiiK »i..t! .> :•',
.a..!-!, i.i.'l !'„•' j>uitlr.i* "■nr(*w Into mv I
iiiouili I did not uho, croatod nn utterly fnlm* Impression, Whin ho wrote
Iiiih mill been further HticWlmd out of
nil Hi'tjitilmit'o in my thoimht hy flam*
In J! s-H'iiHiitltmnl h.-ud lines, so Unit Uic
public tins In-ill I'liiii-i'iy in ico-*..."
ThiiK It will ho Kci'ii tlmt tho daily
lirosn In Hh thlmt for HciiHiitlon lias
KroHHly mlHi'cprosftitcil Mr. Chown'a
romnrkH, and his opinion o:f tho west.
Iiuldi'iiiiilly It hits liOHmlreliPd Uio
wphI and ropiTseiitod Mr. Chown as
a blsiiaiii lil;>ti,i.,.-,"ilu-. umotlB tho<io
who do not know lilm nnd who do
I ti tt   nlili.V   tl.'.1'  V, e.lt,
Had Mr. (-.■own uhhI the lnnKi'URo
Imputed io him all Uio hnrsli crlllc*
lums used by tin* western press would
hnvo been justified, but It Ih now up-
• (The editor does not hold himself
responsible for opinion expressed   by
To the Editor, of the District Ledger:
The question of taxation is one that
always- crops up just as soon as business becomes bad. When the wheels
of industry cease lo revolve in their
normal way, then the depression of
business predominates every form ol
human activity. Not only are business men pinched and find it. hard to
keep things moving, but our laboring
people are mado to suffer the discomforts of unemployment. It Is no
longer unemployment that afflicts tho
laboring masses, but disemploymunt
that troubles them most; Try as
they will no opportunity is open for
thom to employ themselves productively. .
All tho while that, business mon and
"Oh, it's
difference?" "       •  •
How often • we hear this remark.
How many of us fail to realize that it
is thaflittle tUlngs^tnat-tfoiffltr
Getting.down  to  the  store
tho laboring masses are sufforing tho
lack of proper opportunities to keep
business good, yet, the government
expenses must be mot.
Every time that a business depression occurred In I his country as a
general rule our government til treasuries showed a deficit. This has beon
true of our township, county, provincial and national treasuries, Tho cry
is porvalont throughout this land thnt
wo nitiKl. hnvo added public revenue.
All kinds of scheming bills aro bolng
Introduced In our halls of legislati)*e
nil over this country for tho purpose of
raising revenue enough to moot pul*-
lic expense,*.'
Hiisliiess men aro going broke, laboring mon already hrolto and forming
bread IIiiok and our government, national, state and local Is broke. Tills
Is an effect and for all effoclH thore
aro causes,
Ono of llio reiiHons why our uov*
ertimentnl tyenflinieH always show   a
deficit during business depressions Is
liuil. most, of tho taxes Unit, are levied
lo-ilay fall on Industry and oiitorprlw*
and naturally when Industry and on*
torprlso become paralyzed, then public
t'oviinuoH  become  curtailed,      When
thoro Ih loss business done Iho loss tux
money can bo cnlloftod.     ThlH Is Ule
renson why our public deficits   luiv->
boon liicreiisliig,     Wlillo public doflc*
its havo been IncroiiHiug In lho   1,'iKt
i wo yours husluesH has been ducrvim*
This oeeiirH not bocrnmo our tax lnw
dnos not ('pernio, lint because tho theory of timiilmi gonorrilly iihoiI In UiIh
country Is entirely wrong, and Hhould
I ,,.,,.,-,.ixli.il   I,a.   i*   nvHlOitl   llllll   WflllllJ
nlwnvH provide a fund largo enotiifli to
take earn of public oxpout'eii,
W. A. liOl'dLAoS
March 22, 100;), ',:. Yongo ."-*«. Toronto.
Thin Is a true hi nry neeordliii; to an
lMIKHMI  lii!ii»|W|n'i ).<».<.
A train stopped abruptly a few
Milieu outside of tho little station of
llcrgat*-. in llohcmla, und tlm piu-wr-u*
Kin's nllghiod to see what had happen*
Thoy found the guard ongngoil In
.-.l.-.i. li'.H the vtiRlii" driver, who npnlo-
glzcd for the delay nnd oxplnlned
that he wet about to propose to lho
young wornnn In the refreshmenti.
room nt the next station ami he had
no time to roniplelt- his toilet before
minutes late in the morning is a little
thing, but it may be enough. to turn
success into failure some day.
Wearing a soiled collar.in the store
or waiting on customers with dirty
nnger nails may be a little thing, but
it may be enough to cause the loss of
a good customer. i   _
Sending your bost customer a can
of peas' when she ordered corn is a
little thing but she, may not regard'It
in that light.
Failing to deliver Mrs. Smith's groceries in time for. dinner is a little
thing, but it may explain why she
transfers her patronage to your competitor somo weeks later.
Someone has said thnt "Perfection
Is mndo up of a multitude of trifles,"
Any who would attain .the fullest measure of success cannot afford to overlook the little things.
A groat locomotive is a ponderous
piece of machinery, yet if n certain nut
works looso or a certain bolt breaks
while It Is rushing along on two slender steel rails at seventy miles an
hour, serious results are likely to follow. Even In so great and powerful
a thing tlio littlo things must, all bo
looked aftor or ruin mny result,
In a business of small or great slao
tho littlo things must, bo watched,
Thoy may malto tho difference between success or failure
was filled to capacity with, a mass of
P. W. A. and U. M. W. sympatheiz-
ers.   *o
The street outside was crowded by
over 1000 workmen and the crowd inside numbered over 3000. - Town
Councilor McDougall, president of the
local union at Caledonia, occupied the1
chair In the absence of Mayor Douglas. ,
The meeting, which was called by
the United Mine Workers ended in
general > disorder, none of the. speakers being given a hearing.
The Coal Company ran special train
service from Dominion and Reserve,
these places sending about five hun:
dred men. When the Mine Workers
arrived a portion of the hall was filled.
When Mr. Patterson was called upon
to speak pendemonium broke loose,
and iii spite of appeals by the chairman the P. W. A. delegates refused
to give him a hearing. ., Prominent
citizens to-night expressed strong dissatisfaction over the action of the P.
W. A; organization who refused to
give a decent hearing to Patterson of
the U. M. W.-'
In an interview after the meeting
Mr. Patterson said the meeting was
a good advertisement for the U. • M.
W. of A.-   " "
"It-seems that the Coal company do
not approve of-free speech.    However
we are satisfied that we mado" hundreds of new friends by the action ot
our opponents in denying us the right
to express our views.      The men re-_
ceived an object lesson as to     the
length that our enemies are prepared
to go in order to prevent us from ob-
.taining a foothold in this community.
We are perfectly satisfied at the result
as fa ras our cause is concerned. We
are here to stay and these little plan's
of the Coal Company and the P. W.
A. will    not   bother    us very   much'
in the end!"
Another report of the meetings says
in part: .
"The chairman tried to. explain the
object of the meeting but the P. W.
A. sympathizers refused to listen* Lo
had to stop.
Grand Secretary Moffatt of the P.
W. AT asked for a hearing but he was
refused by Mr. Patterson. The fun
then began and such a, wildly cheering
mass' of labor men was never before
seen In one building in Cape Breton
beforo. The meeting broke up iri disorder, neither party being able to •secure a hearing. e Tho scenes around
the theatre and on the streets after
the meeting were indescribable. The
crowd was a good hatured one and
only ono arrest was made by tho polico.
In the rush from' tho building ono
man had his log broken. The P.
W. A. will endeavor to hold a private meeting during the week to discuss affairs.
' They were talking of the strange
sights to be seen in a great city anr*
one man paid his tribute to New York
■'I don't believe one of you could think
of any combination, of circumstances
that hasn't at some time occurred:op
the streets here," he said.,.
. "i reckon that I know oi one that
has never occurred here," said Hiram
Fowle. '*- '
"What's that?" asked the other curiously.
"I guess," said Hiram slowly, "that
you've never seen nor ever w\ll see
a brass band going in one direction
an' the heft of the folks,going the
W. R. Ross K.C.     J.S.T.. Alexander.
Barristers and-Solicitors.
A. McDougall, Mgr.
Fernie, B. C.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us youp orders
Canadian Pacific Ry.If, c. Lawe
Are you contemplating a trip to
The Orient    „
Alex, 1. Fisher
Honolulu ,-.
New Zealand
Are you contemplating a trip to
Or any. Pacific Coast Point?
Or is it a trip to ,
Winnipeg ',  Detroit
St. Paul Toronto        i
Chicago Montreal
Boston New York
Or any European point thought of.
The line is equipped with unexcelled first ■-classcloaches, tourist and
standard sleepers, and, dining cars,
coupled with safety, speed and comfort..
For folders and complete Information apply to R. Reading, Agent, Fernie.
J. E. Prcctor,
Distric; Passenger Agt
Calgary, Alta.
Fernie, B. C.
Lumber  Dealer
Pioneer Builder and Contractor of
All kinds of rough nnd dressed lumber
Wc'did.   We are firing away at the
old business - ,' y
Victoria. Ave
North Fernie
E. A7Knnnner
T,. O. Kummer
Builders and Contractors.
Secretaries of Local Unions
Estimates Furnished
Hosmer, ~B. C
29: James Fisher
431. Fred Chap-
Board and ^Room, $20.00 per month
Mr. Kler Hardlo M. P., writing to
iho press (rom 14 Novllls' court, J3.C.
"In llio Interests of fnlr play will
yon allow mo to sny that tlio slato*
mont In the press to-day that tho
mooting which I nddreHsod nt Oxford
on Friday ovtMilng was brought to an
abrupt  conclusion,  Is ((tilte iniiccur*
Mny 1 also add tlmt. tho reports I
havo soon greatly exaggerate whnt
disturbance Micro was, aiul mny, If tin*
cont indicted, crento tlio Impression
that tho studPiitH as n wholo woro responsible? From thu vantage ground
nf tho platform I was utile to nhsorvo
carefully all Mini, wns going on, nnd
lmvo no bosltntlnii In Haying thnt. 'id,
at Mio mriHt !lrt, yniiiiK men woro re*
sponsible for whnt wns koIiir on, nnd
Mint, lho Bi-nnt bulH of Ihnlr follows ro*
Kimlcd their conduct with Indlnntuloii
;i,>,l 'Hf>nnpvnvnl.
Tho mnolliiK wns carried throimh In
every ruupucl in iiccui'ilaiico \xlth tin-
jiroKrnn.11.0 airniiKed by the Fnblnn
society. noth the chnlrman and
nij'Holf delivered our Hpr-eelim*. nnd
votes of tbraiiliH wero pnssod In tho
,;..;• j.v.nn] M'ny The flnnl note of
Mio"*'i«c"i*t(nK was (hroii lust)' cliecrs
Klvon by tho friends a!nd sympathisers
of the Labor movomont.
Erroneous reporlH concernlni? myself
nlono I lonvo unnoticed, but In tho ln>
terostH of the gcntl'-nUMi of tho University who woro present I doom It
but fnlr to nsk Mint thin correction be
IriHerted. I mlKht further add Mint
Mr. Kl-.tr llnrdlo did not Iwivo the hull
under polico protection, such piecim*
tlonn n« h«« l-e^n tnJ.cn provlni? un*
Wrapped Up in Exhibits for the
Seattle Exposition—Tiffany Goods
Exhibits of tho flnoBt specimons of
tho silversmith's art and Tiffany's fra*
file glass will be displayed nl tlio Al-
nsltn-YiiUon-Paclfle exposition at Seattle this summer.     None of the exhibits representing nn expenditure     ofi Smith,
moro than $225,000   will bo on sale,
and tho displayed will bo ono of tho
features of tho fair.
Tho exhibit of silver has boon loaned by the Qorhnm Manufacturing Co.
and consists of nlno pieces, oach of
thom worth n small fortune, tho loading ono bolng the celebrated Century
vnno manufactured for nn exhibit at
tlio Columbian exposition and never
since exhibited.
This vaso'lllustrntoH In Its doslgii
tho progress of n century on the Am*
orlcnn conl Iriont, start lug from onrly
Indian days nnd cnrrylng tho idoa
through lho transitions of war nnd
poaco, development nnd progress to
tlio civilization and prosperity which
mnrlaOd tho closing doendo of lho Inst
eonlury, This vnso In four foot two
Inchon high nnd flvo foot four IiicIiob
across (ho, bnso, It Is mndo of solid
Hllvor nnd'wolghH 2000 ounces. Tho
value of lho vnno is not determined,
iih it Ih not for sale, but it Is liismuil
for IHfi.OOO. Pour smlllor vnsoH nc*
company ihe century vase.
Two other plocoH lu the exhibit nro
n lady's Joule nnd chair of solid Hllvor,
of ornnio worl-niniiHlilp, easily worth
$25,000, The Bllvor exhibit of tho
(loi'hiim Mnnnfncttiring Company nt
the exposition totnlu jlfi0,000 In Us
pell.      ■ .. - . .  -.
canmore, park local 1378 —
jas. a. Mcdonald.
COLEMAN, No. 2633: William Graham. *
CARBONADO, No. 2688: James He^
CARDIFF, No. 2387: G. II. Gib
DIAMOND CITY, No. 2587: George
Prescott. "' *
EDMONTON CITY,,No. 2540: J. 1-1*.
FERNIE, No. 2314: Thos. Biggs.
FRANK, No, 1263: Walter Wrig-
HOSMER, No. 2497: J. D. Both-
HILLCREST, No. 10S5: Harry foo-
LETHBRIDGE, No. 571: Charles
LILLE, No. 1233: J. T. Griffith.
LUNDBRECK,  No.     2276  — J.  D>
Maeleod, Alta,.
Team Work-and-Draying -
Dealers in Wagons, , Sleighs,   Dump
Carls, Spring Rigs and Harness
The Two Charlies
Charlie  Chamberlain
Charlie Beattie
0. N. ROSS, Manager
Drop in and see ns
MICHEL, No. 2331:  Charlos   Garner.
MAPLE LEAF, No. 2829: II. Dlnlro.
—■ OharleB Brooks, Bocrntnvy .■
Prdsldent W. G. Ward, W. H. Crown
METFORD, No. 2608: John Cumin.
Dupon, 13ox 406, I.othbridijo,
ROCHE PERCEE (Snvl<) No, 2672:
Lnchlnn McQuarrlo.
TADER, No, 102: JoBhua Crnlg.
TADER, No. 1050: Wm, Whito.
TAYLORTON, (8a»k.) No. 2048: —
Lnchlnn McQuarrlo.
TAYLORTON, (8«ik.) No. 2510:—
JOS.   TwlBt,
TA9KER, N. D., No. 2803:— J. Fj.
WOODPECKER, No. 221)0: Willinm
Lowo. '
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Stoves!     Stoves!
We, have the,cheapest and '
best line .of Ranges, Kitchen
Stoves and Heaters.  .
New and Second-Hand Goods
Painter and Decorator
(live) mo a clmm-at on your work
i'ilHj,  i llllllly    ll.'KIH*    a-XiliwU    ',.1    >UI,I
uun mill Jj'i'* V'pn nwu-b cvhlbllod In
recent yoaru, Tbo plaan la roRardort
aB the lilKhost dovolopmont of the
KlaBHhloworB art, excelling in liclinehh
of coloring.     Tl      	
valued at $7!.,000
Furnituro Moving a Specialty
lii-iivi! Or-li'i'N wltli W. Keny
In he mutter of uu application for
the If-nuc of a,duplicate certificate of
r aBHinoworn nn, uA-a-.*....-..-. ... ,,*.,,„^y ; -    ,.     t.    t,nat ,.„,. nf inj. in Mnci,
Z£2?ir£* '™""V "'"""" '" "» Town"". \Z»0&*U
niwiio'n ■.iHii.u. v.vn:
1'HNHACOliA. Ha„ April 7—Diwo Al*
ox ami cr, ft n.-iiro, wiih lynched heio
cnrly lliln mornlnn for.llio murdor of
pollromnn Canton whom tlm nt-uro
Mlftblied whim ri-f-lKtlnft* nrroM. Wlillf*
the j-.'>ll''<* nt fit Inn wm •*nmpnrntlvi>ly
ibmortt-A, twenty Ilvo nmn al tlio point
of rovolvcrH, tooVt tlm nt-RTO from IiIh
coil nntl tianKfd him tr.nn nn oU-cliU.
Ifuht polo half n blo«ilc from llm Jnll.
An tho >x>*.y wan hmiRlnK In Om nlr -K
bulIaitH were fir*.! Into It.
^ !."-■."'•>•}' tAvnn Mint It Is mv
' Intention to Ihhuo lit the expiration of
ono month after the firm publication
hereof,ft duplicate of tho cortlflcnto
of Title to tho above mentioned land
In tho nnmo of Ann Muga, which cor*
IIHcnto Ib dtitod tho 21st dny of Mny
lOOfl ami numbered RflfiO A.
TMutrlct HeRlBtrfir
Lnnd neRlBtry Office
Nolson D. C.
February 11, 1909,
In tlio mutter of iiii.'.ti;,')'..'.'!<-<.*' 'w
the Ihsuo of n duplicate certificate of
Titlo for the WoBt half of lot 10, blocl.
30, Town of Fornio (Mnp 734.)
Notico lu horoby given thnt It Ih my
iiil.uniioii xo ie,Ba.c uv ....s; ■cj.ti.i.i!::: .'J.'
ono month after tho first publication
hereof n diipllcnto of tho certificate
of Title to the nbovo mentioned lnnd
In tho nnmo of Aim UIkrb, which cortlflcnto U datod tho 12th dny of July
1007, nnd numbered 7220 A,
District Registrar
Land Uugli'ti-y Office
Nelson Tt. C.
February 11, 1000.
|*i(in « t»v»n throuM. Mutin « vo.
ntMnetitt, wlrttwtotwf e, lo tKt
sci-muic Hitttrtti.,,.
&SfcU.'tfel*u,li*iiHe vnvtia,
" U0W«j««l«r*».
SRsistdto-w; ^.VrMAMBMhWtfl
I      -
Author of "The Prisoner of Zenda
.  oooooooooooocoooecooo -
Copypight.wori.Anthony Hope Hawkins
Remington Typewriter Co., E,td.
344 Pender St. Vancouver, B. C.
Pindar whispered to Pikes, "Percival's
"You seem to like: your own   way
What are you going to do—say you're
~"No.     I'm   not   sorry. ' I'm   going
"Come here. girl. Let me look at
Sophy obeyed, walking up to Lady
Meg and fixing her eyes du ber face.
She was interested, not frightened, as
it seemed. Lady Meg looked long at
her. i
"Going away?   Where to?"
Julia spoke up.   "She's coming with
me, please. Lady Margaret"   Julia, it
would seem, was a littlo frightened.    -
"Who are you?"
"Julln Robins. My mother lives
there." She pointed to Woodbine cottage.   "I—I'm on tbe stage"—
"Lord, help you!" remarked Lady
Meg disconcertingly.
"Not at all!" protested Julia, ber
meaning plain, her expression of it
faulty. "And I—I'm going to help her
to—to get an engagement. We're
"What's she going to do with that on
the.stage?"   Lady Meg's forefinger almost touched the' mark. *. ..
"Oh. that's all right. Lady,,Margaret,
Just a little cold
Xhe Bank of Hamilton—
by reason of its special
facilities and absence of
formality—-is the ideal
depository   for   your
"•tt*** r-«—■-
For Sale
Prompt Delivery
W.R. Boardman P.O. Box 62
•**•>♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
E.   Weston
Is prepared to givo
estimates forallclnss-.
es of building worlc."
ltepairs a specialty.  .
Givo mo a trial.
P.O. Box 18, Fernie
For Sale
100 tons of good
Baled Hay
P!""."1 ."■■', Hi !.—■■»»—■■■——.
W. E. Barker, Cayley, Alta.
♦♦♦ -»♦•»*»*»♦ ■»*»■»■»-»•»■»•
Fernie Dairy "j
flolivorcd to all
■parts of tlie town
It is just at this season that pimples,
blotches, sores, scrofulous ailments,
and eruptions generally, -make themselves most felt. Zam-Buk will be
found of wondorful use wherever
there Is skin eruption or "deep seated
ulceration. Pimples, botches and irritating rashes on the face and other
parts of the, body Indicate a disturbance of the functions of the skin. Im-
puro matter, which the blood should
discharge, by fonns of tho skin, Is allowed to remain In tho pores, tho process of "exhalation" Is Interrupted, and
just whoro tho bad matter collects,
there pimples, ulcers ancl sores quickly
appear and tho skin tlssuo suitors,
To bo complete tho treatment must be
of two kinds. Tho sufforor may help
to diminish tho supply of Impurities by
tal.lng no rich, greasy and Indigestible
foods; but, to romovo the impurities
themselves tho pores must be opened
and lho skin made .healthier by tho
vigorous application of fSam-Ouk both
morning and night, and washing frequently with some puro Boap, Thero
Is nono bottor than tho antiseptic Znm*
link Modlclnal and Toilet soap, Zam*
Utile balm stimulates tho functions of
tho skin hy tho penetration of Its refined horbal ossoncos and thus roaches
tho root of tho dlsoaso,
Mr. Arthur D. Griffin, of 101 Plcton
street K, Hnmllton, Bays:— "I was
greatly troubled with pimples and
blotolioH breaking out. on my face. I
trlod a number of romortlos and also
specially dieted yot tlio pimples-, nnd
blotchoR ronialned. Acting on the
suggestion of a friend I began using
Zam-Hula and wuh much pleased to
find nn Improvement nflor sovornl op-
lillcntloiiH. The Itching was allovt.it-
od and tho Inflammation Doomed Iosh,
Ab I continued lho /nm Ihilc Irontmcnt
tho plmi'loH and blotches lioeiimo Iosh
soro, tho Itching was cured altogether,
nnd Inflammation banished. Iu llm
courHo of a short tlmo overy pimple
und bio!eh wnH removed."
Zam-Huk Is nlso a num euro for cuIh,
IncurutloiiH, burns, ec/uiun, ring worm
poisoned wounds, festering sores, bad
leg, and all skin Injuries and diseases.
It Ir nlHo n cure for piles, Druggists
und HloroH every whoro Holl'iit. r>0o a
box, or post froo from Zuni-Llulc Co',,
Toronto, on receipt of price.
A French goneral wlfo wiiohu nu*
UUy lor luuKU,! hihlilitri wn.i tur linn-
ed, demanded that nn old Hcrvnnt who
hnd heen wllh her husband in tho tlmo
of wnr, ho dismissed,
"JncquoH," snld tho gonornl. "go to
vnnr room nnd pncl, your trunk and
Tho old Frenchman cltispnrl his
hnmlo to his lionrt wllh gront drnmntlc
"Mo—I enn go!" ho oxclnlmod In
a vory oestney of gratitude, Then
suddenly his manner clinuged ns with
utmost compassion he nddnd:
"Hut you, my poor Rcnornl, you will
, MONTItKAL. April '1-t.ord Strath*
tona Iiui. glvon 110,000 to (ho hospital
for th« Incinrablfi*. a Ho man Catholic
>.--.■><•   ." "     —.     cream and pow-
■WIjAPA :_ J   >        Nasty   stuff!"
said Lady Meg.
A  pause   followed.    Lady
■Meg still studying    Sophy's
face.    Then,
, without turning
around,   she
made a remark
obviously addressed  to  the
gentlemen    behind her:
"I expect thiB
is Percival's
young person."
. "Without   a
r        '   .'     doubt."    said
"Ooing awayt   Where pujgg,
40 f"      ' "And Pereival
was right about ber. too," said Pindar.
"Think so?- I "ain't sure yet," said
Lady Meg. "And at any rate I don't
care twopence about that But"— A
long pause marked a renewed scrutiny.
"Your name's Sophy, isn't it?"
out the words, "Sophy Grouch."
"I said Grouch."
"Humph! Well. Sophy, don't go on
the stage., It's a poor affair, the stage,
begging Miss Julia's pardon. I'm sure
she'll do admirably at it. But a poor
affair it is. There's not much to be
said for the real thing, but it's a deal
better than the stage, Sophy."
''The real thing?" Julia saw Sophy's
eyes grow thoughtful.
"The world—places—London—Paris-
men nnd women—Lord help them!
Come with mo, and I'll show you all
"What shall I do if I como with
"Do? Eat nnd drink and waste tlmo
and money, like the, rest of us.' Eh,
"Of course," said Mr, Pindar, with a
placid smile.
"I shan't be n servant ngnln?"
"Everybody In my houso Is a slave,
I'm told, but you won't bo moro of n
slave thnn tho rest."
"Will you hnvo mo taught?"    "
Lndy Mog looked hard nt her. For
the flrst tlmo she smiled, rather grimly.
"Yes, I'll have you taught, and I'll show
you tbo queen of England nnd, If you
behave, yourself, lho emperor of tho
French—Lord help him I"
"Not unless sho behaves herself!"
murmured Mr. Pindar.
"Hold your tonguo, Tlndnrt Now.
then, whnt do yon sny? No, wnlt n
nilnuto. I wnnt you to undorstnnd it
properly." She became silent for n moment, Julln was thinking her n very
rudo woman; but, slnco Plndnr did not
mind, who need?
Lndy Mog resumed, "I won't make
an obligation of you—I mean I won't
bo bound to you, nnd you. shan't bo
hound to mo. You'll 'stay with mo iih
long ns you like or n» long ns 1 like, ns
tho caso mny bo. If you wnnt to go,
put your visiting card—yes, you'll havo
ono—in an envelope and send it to mo.
And If I wnnt you to go I'll put n liun*
drcd pound noto In nn envelope nnd
send lt to you, upon which you'll go nml
no reasons given!   Is It ngrccd?"
"ItHoumlH nil right," snld Sophy.
"Did you always lmvo thnt murk on
your chock V
"Yes, nlwnyB,   Father told mo ho."
"Woll, will you come?"
Sophy was torn. Tho Htngo wns very
n tt motive, nnd the lovo sho hnd for
Julln I.oblnn held her nn (hough hy u
cord. Hut wiib the stage a poor tlilug?
Was thnt niyslerlouH renl thing bolter?
Though oven of thnt thin strange woman Hpoko scornfully. Already (hero
must  hnvo  been  somo  underground
a..*.., It. ..J        Ut a4,,L«l..Ha«tU>..«»        ,'t.»aa,J
thom, fnr Snphy know that T.ndy M■*••»,
wns more tlmn IntoroHtod In her—thnt
Bho wim actually oxcltod nbout lier, nnd
.Lndy Mug, In her turn, knew that sho
played n good card when Hho dtiuulod
beforo Sophy's eyes tho queen of Eng*
\MXXi   a»».\,    ».l\*  vni-j>vll*r  <J|'    ailC    i'Ktt.kt'.Mi
though oven then camo tlmt Having
"Lord help him," to dump nn over-
ardent expectation.
"Let mo Hpenk to Julia," snld Sophy.
I-ndy Meg nodded, Tho girl*, linked
nriiiH nnd walked npnrt. Plndnr cnmo
to Lndy Meg's ctlciw.
"Another whim!" snld ho in n low
i*oli»i>. Pll*e« xvn* lonl-ln/f around Dm
view with n kind of viu'imt contentment.
"Yen," she snld. lilw lips moved. "I
•.now* whnt you snld.   You wild, 'You
<1 fooir Plndnr."
"Never, on my life, my Judy!"   Tory
••aimed mull* fileiuLi now than ifttcou*
.*•* nnd client    Fow saw them tbui,
hut Pindar told Dunstanbury, and the
<*>lcl gentleman w-as no liar.
"Give me one more!" she whispered,
plainly excited. 'That mark must mean
something.    It may open a way."
"For her?" he asked, smiling.
"It must for her.   It may for me." ,
"A way where?"
"To knowledge—knowledge of tho unknown. They may speak through her!"
"Lady Meg! Lady Meg! And if they
don't the hundred pound note! It's
very cruel."
"Who knows—who knows. Pindar?
Fate has her ways."
He shrugged his shoulders and smiled. "Not half as amusing as your
Sophy, twenty yards off, flung her
arms around Julia. Tho embrace was
long, lt spoke farewell. Lady Meg's
eyes brightened. "She's coming with
me." she said. Pindar shrugged his
shoulders again and fell back to heel.
Sophy walked briskly up.
"I'll come, my lady," she said.
"Good! Tomorrow afternoon —to
London. Mrs. Browniow has the address. Goodby." Sho turned abruptly
on her heel and marched off, her retinue following.
Julia came to Sophy.
"We can write," she said. "And she's
right You must be'for the real thing,
"My dear, my'dear!" murmured Sophy, half in tears. "Yes, we must
write." She drew back and stood erect.
"It's all very dark," she said, "but'I
like it. London—and Paris! On the
Seine!" Old lessons came back with
new import now.
' "The emperor of the French.1" Julia
mocked, with tears ln hor eyes.
A sudden thought occurred to Sophy.
"What did she mean by 'Percival's
young person?' Is his name Pereival?"
Julia gave a little cry. tfLord Dun-
stanbury's? Yes. You've seen him
She drew out the story. It made the
sorrow of parting half forgotten.
"You owe this.to him, then! How romantic!" was Actress Julia's conclusion
—in part.a true one. no doubt. But Sophy, looking deeper, fingered the red
star. She had tracked the magnet of
Lady Meg's regard, the point of her interest tlie pivot of-decision for that
mind of whims. r
help being amused; but; seriously, lfa
rather sad for a man who was brought
up in the reverence of Lord Dunstanbury to see his only daughter, a clever
woman, too, naturally, devoting herself to such childish stuff."
Sueh is the passage. It Is fair to add
that most of the captain's book Is of
more general interest   As he implies,
he had had a long acquaintance with
the Dunstanbury  family and took a
particular interest in anything that related to it   Nevertheless what he says
has its place here.   It fits in with and
explains Lady Meg's excited and mystical   exclamation   to   Mr.   Pindar  at
.Morplngham, "They "may, speak through
her!'.'. Apparently "they" had spoken,
to what effect we cannot, even conjecture unless an explanation be found ia
a letter of the  Kravonian period  in
which Sophy says to Julia, "You remember that saying of Mantis' when
we   were  in   London—the one  about
how she saw  something hanging In,
'the   air   over   my   head —something
bright."    That  is  all   she  says,   and
"something bright" leaves the matter
very  vague.    A sword, a crown, tho
nimbus of a saint—imagination' might
play untrammeled. Still some prophecy
was mado.   Lndy Meg built oh It, and
Sophy, for all her apparent indlffereuce,
remembered   it   and   lu   after   days
thought lt worthy of. recall.   That Is as
far as we can go, and with that passing
glimpse Sophy Grouch-of course tho
mention of tho wafer-like mark puts
her  identity   beyond question—passes
out of sight for a" time.   Indeed, as So-,
phy Grouch, in the position in which
wo hnve seen hor and in the name under whicli  we  have known  her. she
passes out of sight forever.
Woman s Power
Over Man
Woman's most glorious endowment is the power
to awaken and hold the pure and honest love of a
worthy man.*' When she loses it and still loves on,
no one in the wide world con know the heart agony
she endures. The woman who suffers from weakness and derangement of her special womanly organism soon loses the power to sway the heart of
a man. Her general health suffers and she loses
her good looks, her attractiveness, her amiability '
and her power and prestige as a woman. Dr. R.V. Pierce, of Buffalo, N.Y., with
thc assistance of his staff of able physicians, has prescribed for and cured many
thousands of women. He has devised a successful remedy for woman's ailments. It is known as Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription. It is a positive
specific for the weaknesses and disorders peculiar to women. It purifies, regulates, strengthens and'heals. Medicine dealers sell it. No honest dealer will
advise you to accept a substitute in order to make a little larger profit.   ,
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate and strengthen Stomach, Lh-vr and Bowels.
f   -'- I
Suit of Clothes, $5 and up, Hats $1.00 and up,
Shirts SOc and up, Underwear $1.00 per suit
Kef oury Bros.
Temporary building between Northern Hotel and Henderson block
Andy   Hamilton
Tinsmith and Plumber
ITII that scene ln the avenue
of elm trees at Morpiughnna
there comes a falling of the
veil. Letters passed between
Sophy and Julia Robins, but thoy have
not been preserved, The,diary was not
yet beguu. Basil Williamson did not
move in tho samo world with Lady
Meg and her entourage. Dunstanbury §
was In Ireland, where his regiment
wns then stntloncd. .For tho next twelve
months there Is only ono gllnipso of
Sophy—that a passing nnd accidental
ono, although not without Its significance ns throwing n light on Lady Meg's
adoption of Sophy—while it lasted it
amounted to that—and on the strange,
uso to which she hoped to bo nblo to
turn her protege. ' Tho referonco is,
howover, tnutnllzlngly vague Just
where expllellness would have beon of
curious Interest, though hardly of nny
renl Importance to a sensible mind.
Tho reference occurs ln u privately
printed volume of reminiscences by tho
Into Cnptnin linns Fleming, It, N„ a
sailor of some distinction, but better
known as n naturalist Writing In tho
winter of 1S05-0 (ho gives no precise
dnto), he describes in n letter a meeting with Lady Meg, whom, It will bo
noticed, ho culls "old Lady Meg," although at thnt tlmo sho was but forty-
nine, Sho had bo onrly In lifo inken up
nn nttltudo of rcsoluto splnstcrhood
thnt thero wns a tendency to oxnggornte
her yenru:
"Todny In tho pnrlc I mot old Lady
Meg Duddlngton. It waH piercing cold,
hut tho carriage was drawn np under
tho trees. The poor spaniels on tho
oppofilto peat wore shivering. She stopped mo and was, for her, vory gracious.
Sho only 'Lord helped ino' twico In tho
wholo conversation. Sho was full of
hur ghosts nnd spirits, her Reors and
witches, Sho has got hold of nn entirely now prophetess, n certain
woman who
calls horsolf
Mino, Mntills
nud knowH nil
tho secrets of
the futuro, both
this Hide the
grnvo nml the
oilier, lie si do
Lndy Meg sat
n reninrItn IIIv
ftrlklng girl, to
*>-. ...mi t,.iu introduced me,
hut I didn't
catch the nnmo.
I gnthcrcd thnt
this irtrl who
hlld an Odd
mark on one
chook, almost Vlko n pale pink wafer,
was, In old Meg's mad mind, anyhow,
mixed up with tho prophetess ns modi u in or subject or Inspiration or sonie*
thing nr thnt kind. I don't understand
thnt iioiiscn.se nnd don't want to, Hut
when 1 looked sl'i-ptlrnl nnd old Tin-
ilnr chuctatitt, or It mny have lieeu hli
teeth chattering with the cold, Meg
nodded her head nt tin* girl nnd said:
Wie'll tell yon a ..ItTr-rpfit tale some
dny. If you m-x-t h*.*r in flvo yenrs'
time |M>rlin|M>.' I dou't Icnmv what tlw»
old lndy meant. I suppo-ie tho girl
did, hut sho InnimeA ntwnlute.y Indifferent and. Indeed, bon-d.   One can't
I     * ,-,>     ■i.-.a***.   I
*****v -,
Ikklilc Lntl\i Mo.i ent a
iivtniKtibiy  Mniiuio
ADY MEG left London for Paris toward the end of 1SG5 or the beginning of 1S0C, but we bear
nothing of her doings until the
early summer of 1SG8. The veil lifts
then, so far as it ever lifts' from before
the face of tbe Paris period, and
shows us the establishment in the
Rue de Grenelle. A queer picture it is
in many ways. It gives reason to think
'that the state of mind to which Lady
Meg had now come is but mildly described as eccentricity.
The eminent Lord Dunstanbury,
Lady Meg's father, had been one of
that set of English Whigs and Liberals
who were much at home in Paris in
the days of the July monarchy. Among
his friends was a certain Marquis de
Savres, the head of an old French family of royalist principles. This gentleman had, however., accepted thc throve
-o&i-Louis Ehilippe and the political.
principles and leadership of Guizot.
Between him aud .Lord Dunstanbury
there arose a close intimacy, and Lady
Meg as a girl bad often visited' iu the
ltue de Grenelle. Changed as her
views wore and separated as she was
from most of. her father's coterie in
Paris,, friendship and • Intercourse between her nnd the Savres family had
never dropped. The present bead of
the family was Caslmlr de Savres. a
young man of twenty-eight, an officer
of cavalry. Being a bachelor, he preferred to dwell In a small apartment
on tho other side of the river, nnd the
family house In the Rue do Grenelle
stood empty. Under some arrangement, presumably a business one, for
Marquis cle Savres was by no means
rich, Lady, Meg occupied tho first floor
of tho roomy old mansion. Here sho
Is found established. With her, besides
three French servants and nn English
c'onohmun—sho has for tho time tip*
pareiitly shnken off the spanlels-ls
Mile. Sophie do Gnu-he, In whoso favor
Sophy. Grouch has effected un unobtrusive disappearance,
This harmless If somewhat absurd
transformation was carried out with n
futile elaboration sinackhig of Lady
Meg's sardonic perversity rather than
of Sophy's director methods, Sophy
would probably have claimed tho right
to call herself what she pleased nud
left the world to account for her nnmo
In nny way It pleased. Lndy Mog must
needs 111 her up with a story, She was
the daughter of n creolo gciitlemnii
married loan English wlfo. lior mother being early left a widow, Sophy hnd
been brought up entirely in England;
henco her Indifferent acquaintance
with French. If this excuso served a
purpose nt first, nt any rate lt soon be-
cnmo unnecessary. Sophy's marked
talent for Inngunges (sho subsequently
mnstorcd Km von Inn, a vory dlflleult
dialect, In tho space of a fow months)
mado French a second native touguo
to hor within a yenr.
Tho times wero Hllrrlng, a prelude to
(ho grent storm which wuh ho hood tu
follow. Paris was full of mon who In the
next few years were lo mnko or loso
fiiine, lo rise with n bound or full wllh
n crush.   Into such society Lndy Meg's
iiiinu1, mill* nml pnreiitnge would hnvo
curried her had
sho cured tn go.
Hho could hnve
shown H o p h y
tho emperor of
the  French   nt
clone  qunrters
instead of con*
fouling   herself
with   a   literal
fv.lfllh-ic:.'.   cf
her prrnnlm** hy
pointing   liltn
nut iih ho drove in tho streets.   Hut
r.-idy Meg watt rabid against (Im cm-
plro.   lier "Lunl help blni!"*-Ui« habitual expression of eoiiternpt on her lips
_....    ^..*i'*     „''•■* •*•   "'■*.''.-'•     J'*****   •a*.aiiy*:»V*».
(To  hu  cuiitlliunl.l
 — Mflfc. i  —
Rheumatic Pnint Relieved
Mr. Thomas Stentoii, poHlmnstor of
Pontypool, Ont, writes: "For tho past
■•iKht years I Hiittme'l ti.uu rh.'UrniilW'
pains.   During thnt time I usfd many
il'-fi'i'iail. llulu.ei.l.. i.iul ii'iiu-'dlcii foi1
We can furnish you with estimates in
anything in our line
85 '                     •                                                                                                            ,       28
m *■**.
& .                                                                                                                                         H
Plow to cultivate the Saving habit': Deposit your
earnings and ready money in the bank and pay
your bills by cheque. Then, at the end of the
month, the. balance remaining to your credit goes
into a savings'account, and full 'compound interest
is paid on every, dollar.
W. C. B. Manson
Companies Act 1897; Canada, Province
of British Columbia
(No. .10..)
THIS Is to corilfy that tho "Pugh
!& Llvliigfitono Lumber Co, Limited,"
| In niit.iorl.a-d nnd licensed to carry on
I business within lho provlnco of Hrliish
i Columbln, mid to curry out or effect nil
lor nny of tho object's of lho company
| to whleh the Iegl»liillve authority of
'thn  Legislature) of  llrltlsh  Columbln
;    The hend of flee or the Company Is
sltuuto ul lho Town of oliotolis In Hie
| Provlnco of Alherln; the iimoiiiil of
'capital of the Cninpii'ny is Seventy-live
thousand dollars, divided  Into Keven
hundred nnd fifty shares of one hun-
! drcd dollars each,
NOTICE Is horoby given that application will bo made to tho parliament of Canada nl the present session
thereof 'for an Act Incorporating a
company under, tho name of tho Koo*
tenny and Alborta Hallway company,
wllh powor In behalf of the company
1, Construei, e<|W|), maintain and
oporato a Iiim or lines of railway (a)
I'Yom a point, on ihe Crow's Nest
branch of lho Canadian Pacific Hallway bet ween Cowley niul Pliiehor
Creek, mulleins In the province of Alberta, thence In a southerly direction
passim; through Heaver Valley to tho
North Kootenay Puss, iheiico In n
southerly direction down the Valley
of ihe l''lnlhead river, In (he provlnco
of llrltlsh Colimililn, ui the International bnuiidiiry. (h) Piiun, at ur near
the aforesaid point on the Crow's Nust
llriineli or tlm ('iitmdlim Paelflc Hallway, lhence lu a souiheily direction,
passing «t or ii'-ur (Ik* town of Plnclior
Creek thniunli the. Plshhourn settlement, DueiiKli the MI'ioil  Indian    Hc-
Slie **■■.>*■ llm n/ijKYnr
l.'l (H.   It,   ,',',*.   <la!|l taJ.
(Jlvcn under my hand nud seal   of
'offlco at Victoria, Province of llrltlsh
("olumhln, this fifteenth day of Decern-
i lior, one thousniid nlno hundred   and
; 8. V. WOOTTON,
j (IleglBtrar of Joint Sio.-I*
I Companies,)
The ohJectH for which this Company
hns been established nnd licensod nre*.
Tho purchase of Umber limits, the
iiiiiiinfiuiiiih and *;».<■ of luuilii-r, >ii
eluding the mnntifactiirn of tlnibern,
'.'.'kiihuit': puh/i;, tie;:, aliliiKlca, lath;:,
the cure of rhciimiitiMii. Lnst summ. ■ huxua nnd all other Kindred products
er I procured a bottle nf Chamhorlnlns ! tlmt ran lie mnde (mm Umber; lo pur
The head officii of the company in,
this province Is situate at h.ll*iiioiitli>'-',"<'<', down the Milk Illi-i- Valley lo
ami William Htewuri llen.in, lumber.! "•'' Internal lonal boundary at or near
man,'whoso   address     Is   HlKruouth |('w"!»*    «''  A ,"'"'"'il ■■■"* fmm    »
<li(J'fhilltl,     ID     lll«!     UUWI (ir,*.      lilt I Jl*.:
iberta, I hence in n southerly direction
Mown to the Soiiili west eonier of Die
.1     ..I      r...    ,,.■ m .•    ll- ,..-, I,...    / t    tl.,.
I Wnterton river In the nrovlnee nf'Al-
Pnln llnlm nnd km more relief from It
ilum anything I haw ,'x.cv used, and
cheerfully rcrntmiieiul Mils liniment lo
all sufferfir from rleumattc unlna."
■ l-'or sale hy nil (liuni*i>i>*.
t luifio or sell other lumber industries
or the K'Oa-k -.hereof, and generally to
«rtrry nn tli" huslnes.-a of mnuufiiciure
nnd sale of the iiio'Im*** of lltnh*»r iv.id i
.k.niWr. Mali •».■>,
HIlJOll   Illlli.Ml   H'M-nir,   piijarilll'"*   in   til©
vicinity of Moiiiiliiliivlcw, ihciicc down
tho Valley of Lees Creel, to Cards-
2. Ao'iuire nnd utilize strain ami
wnter powor for compressing nlr or
generating electricity for any purpoHo
and commercially dealing In the same.
3. Construct, control and operate
telegraph and telephone Hues. ,
•I. Knier Into agi< iniciits with other Hnllwny rompnnles.
PollcitUrs for the Appllrnnt*
Unted nt tMtnwn (his 2Mb day of
January H>0ft
No. 8 * Iyer Eastbound 24.18
No. 7 Flyer Westbound      1.55
No. 214 Eastbound Regular .... 18.25
No. 213 Westbound Regular .... 9.46
No. 236 Eastbound 1st class .. 9.00
No. 235 Westbound, lst class ..20.16
NO. 252
10.55   -
No. 251
*    1.35
LOT FOR SALE—West Fernie,
ply Ledger Office.
Young lady wants position as stenographer.   Apply Ledger office.
. House for sale—Three rooms at Coal
Creek. Apply Fred Miller, French
Camp. " 4-t
For Sale: Two houshold properrties,
■with furniture. Will sell property
either jointly, or separately. For particulars apply Ledger office.
Nice fresh lettuce at the Palm.
You don't like to slay away very
long, do' you Les?
They're all talking about it. What?
Why   Ingram's  bowling alley.
Jim Burrows was in town for a
short! time on Wednesday.
Mrs. Hurd returned on Wednesday
after a prolonged trip east.
Furniture for sale. Address Ledger
. Mr. Bert Suddaby, brother of N.' E.
Suddaby, arrived on Thursday morning.
Special daily strike editions will begin Monday. Watch for the Ledger.
Easter cards at Suddaby's—the best
South African script for sale.—Apply R. ri. Marlow, Lethbridge, Alta. ,
Wright the jeweler has moved to
the Henderson block.
••Mr. Miliette of the Big Red Apple
hotel at Elko, was here on Wednesday.
Liphardt has alarm clocks for $1,
$1.75 and  $2.
' Fred G. Perry of the .Coal Co. staff
left for a short trip to Nelson Thursday.
I'll spot you ten at Ingrams' billiard
room to-night.
Eggs for hatching: White Leghorn,
good layers $1 for 15. E. H. H. Stan-
lev, Kootonia Nurseries, Baynes Lake,
B.C. o
Baby carriages and go-carts fitted
■with rubber tires, from $3.25 up at
the Trites-Wood Co.
■ Wanted: Quiet bed-sitting 100:11 at
Coal Creek for two men. Particulars
and terms by" letter to J. Jessio, Coi.l
The liveliest place in town—Club cigar store.
.. Constables, Bob Clark and Dick Bowen returned on Thursday from New
Westminster where they left the deranged man Kosk.
Lost—One set of spring ice balances
400 lbs. Return to Fernie Ice Co. and
receive reward.'
Phone 41 for the best of .meats.
"Charlie the Swede" arrived from
his winter hibernation on Wednesday.
For hotel accommodation the Napanee is the place.
Andy Good, the genial host from
Crows Nest was in our city on Monday.
Business lot and building for sale—
Apply to W.  R.  McDougall. '
Mrs. S. W. Herchmer is contem-.
plating a trip to Europe in the near
future. '      ' '
Patronize home industry arid smoke
Crow's  Nest Specials and  Extras
This is just a gentle reminder for
the Calgary Cattle company that Xmas
is over.  .
T. F. Dawson, the well known commercial traveller wasr in our city • this
Never.felt better—just had a bath
at Ingram's.
< T. B. Struthers was' summoned
again for contravening the Sunday* selling by-law.
The most interesting place in town—.
Ingram's bowling alley.
The society editor reports that ono
of our provincial police is to be married shortly.
Lost—One set of spring ice balances
400 lbs. Return to Fernie Ice Co. and
receive reward.
Suddaby's for Easter novelties, and
cards.  <
■ Win. Todd of Norgate, Man., a brother of Thomas Todd, of this city is
visiting here.
Leave your order at the Palm for
cut flowers;
Mrs. A. Barnes, daughter of R. R.
Reading of the C. P. R. Is expected
in town this week.
Beef, mutton, pork, veal, hams, bacon, lard, etc., only of the very best.
Phone 41.
The police have now received their
uniforms and it is possible to know
whon they are near.
The cuisine at the Napanee is the
be6t in the city.
Plans and specifications for the new
Napanee hotel can be seen at tho Napanee hotel at any time.
Suddaby has a very large and choice
selection of Easter cards.
D. E. McTaggart, B. A. is with L.
P. Eckstein at present. Mr. McTaggart is from Vancouver.
C. C. Wright in his new quarters in
the Henderson block.
The G. A. Becker Lumber company
is about to make a deal for their Umber limits near Kitchener, B. C.
Two cars of Okotoks brick for saie.
Imme'Jiate delivery. Apply P. Burns
& Co.
Julius Kerp of Golden West Brewing Co. fame, from Calgary, was registered, at the Waldorf during the week.
The Napanee. hotel is prepared.to
handle travellers and other guests.
Mr. J. C. Turner left for the coast
on Thursday. He is travelling for the
Havana "Cigar syndicate of Kelowna,
a. C.
D. McDermott, conductor of'the C.
P.R. came back from a visit to friends
in Manitoba on Monday morning.   -
We have heard very numerous complaints about the condition of the cor-
(Continued from page 1)
President Sherman and his daughter
Miss Annie arrived in the city on
Thursday. They will remain pver until
after the convention on Monday.-
W. H Hayson of Coleman, Alta, was
In the city the early part of the week.
Ml', llnyson was at one time resident
of Conl Creok unci is well known here.
Mary M.in ay, age 9 y.^rs, beloved
daughter of,John Murray, died of
pneumonia on Sunday last, Tho funeral was held on .TuGsday afternoon.
Mr. D. C. Corbin and E. J. Roberts
of the Spokane International wero passengers on Thursday morning's local,
on iheir way to McGllllvrny on a tour
of Inspection.
For sale: Boarding house business,
Coal Creek, accommodation i'or fifty
boarders; good roasons for lvtliliig,
full Information. Mr.-*. Taylor, boarding
house, Coal Creek.
Our worthy smart aleck, the editor
of the Free Press, hns left himself
open for a trip to tho coast. Ilo coin-
merited in Loci-hart's favor while tlio
case was still sub judico,
The school board hns rented lho old
relief building for the rest of llio
term.. It Is expected tlie necessary
nlterii'loiis will bo made ready for llm
op-.-iiing o' 'Inesday morning.
Honor*** J, .Inxoii   of   .Mis-tn-wa-sls,
Sask., publisher   of "Fair    Play mn
. Free Play" was in the city on Friday.
Ho Is organizing the Producers' Social
and  '•.coiioinlo  Discussion Circle,
The moving pictures this wook ore
mnklng n now record, Last night tlm
Life of Christ, wn* put on to overcrowded houses, Special music was
rendered by Miss Iludnlckl and G. L,
Tho members of tho Snowshoo club
were entertained at Mrs, Gillespie's
on Wednesday ovoning. Numerous engagements wero announced—according to our social writer. Tho gills sny
that W.  H. looked real cuto,
We are sorry to report thai Mr, (Ino.
Stevenson, Iho manager of Iho West-
cm Canada Wholesale company was
laid'tip with an attack of pneumonia,
He Is around again now nnd looks
nono tlio worse for his short liicnplel-
\V. fi, Ilruce snys he Iiiih n buncli of
bowling youngsters, fed nud brought
up on spuds and herring from Ptlime
lOd wan I Island, that will bnwl any four
man team from nny province In the
Dominion, or comhliiiiiluii of provlu*
ces, yes, or any city team Including
tlm famous prints.
The Mlw«eit Mncey nti*l Lloyd and
Mrs. (Mode gave a small hrlilK" parly
10 n few friends at the Nurses home
011 Wednesday evening, Among I hose
present were tlm ff>llr.\vinn: Miss Molt
Miss K, Klrlqmirlclf, Mlns Kirkpairick
.Nit's, I'*. .Inhuhou, Messrs. .lohiisou, Do-
bei'.'Ulfi', .Suddiiby, McCrciuly, Iir, i'x-
cJeston, Kt.m-.iii.lH.
■Mr, ..aim. representing Mctl Pianos
•ii.'l I'n!' ■ !('. 1'.:.].'..• I':,, •■■■.lij.ti ■■ iijjn
Is well known In Fernie, passed
through here on his wny to Crnnbino];
ut: Mf-nd.--.-,'. if-: h.'-... jnM finl.sSicd a
trip through all ihe larger cities of
Canada, but says Fernio Is the spot
fur Imelrie''** •luini'li
Wm. tic'-it, our enterprising undertaker, has put In a hears" tlmt
would be n credit to n city much larger than Fernio. It is a very beautiful
combination—If such nn expression Is
allowable In connection with a fnner*
ui car. Tho hearse Is surmounted hy
four Inrtrc domes, has flirec windows
on each wido nnd Ik fitted with some
beautiful lnmpn. Mr. Bctitt has ah,n
a tine rnskei wncon, but owing tn the
present poor roads he cannot use
. them yet. Scott nays thnt hl« betr^n
Is so nice thnt people v. ill bo dying
to have a ride In It.
it'in the Herald. This morning he
received a message from the International headquarters saying that a
member of the; International board
was ' coming to consult with the district board. . . -
In reply to an inquiry" as to how
things were going with the strikers he
said that everything looked favorable
but he could not say how long , the
strike would List. He said "every local union has upheld the action of the
The Herald further slates that the
local miners term the report as to the
strike being practically settled,'' published in yesterday's Herald as bosh.
Secretary Peacock talked with President Shorinpn-yesterday and he reported everything as .being favorable 10
the men.
"When the public know more about
our business than we do, I throw lip
ihe sponge," said Mr. Peacock. "As
to Mr. Sherman notifying the unions
to fine all union men who went to
work, we have not heard a word."
Mr, Peacock also showed that it was
impossible for operators or any' outsider to understand a wire from President Lewis as a sscret code of signals
are used. Besides' he thinks it very
unlikely that Mr. Lewis should inform
the operators as to his business.
The working conditions in Canada
are so entirely different from those in
the anthracite and bituminous fields
of the States that it would be impossible for any international officer not
on the ground to render an intelligent
decision as to the merits or otherwise
of the situation.
A meeting of the Hosmer miners
was held yesterday at noon, all workmen being present except those out
President Sherman gave a full and
complete report upon the situation
reading all correspondence .and telegrams from International headquarters
and the meeting showed unmistake-
ably that it was unanimous in the position taken by the distict officers.
Vice President Robt. Evans, Sec-Treasurer A.-J. Carter, Alex. JSusnar, Slavonian organizer, and Honore J. J axon
also spoke, pointing out that the reports regarding previous meetings at
Hosmer were entirely false as appearing in the press.
The Hosmer miners showed their
good will to President Sherman bypassing a hearty vote of thanks for
the, able manner in which he had laid
the situation before them.
c The stand of the mon at Hosmer
is in the line with the men in all the
locals in District No. IS in spite of
the efforts of a few C. P. R. special
service men.     ■
' Canmore
The agreemnt offered by the operators increases the price of powder 5 cts
per pound 'and 50 cents per ton house
coal, this meaning a decrease in wages
of-the men.  ■
"We guarantee, this to be* the best'.      *
■" flour ever sold in Fernie.     Satisfac-- .
..   tion   guaranteed   or ■ your   money
,    *    cheerfully refunded.       ■    ' '.    '
W. J.    BLUNDELL       Give us a. ball
,  9F ,
Singer Sewing Machines Co.,
Fernie, B. C.
•        a - »
' ■.•*. I        ** ^
Why be without a Sewing Machine when you
can get one for $3.00 a month ? °  ' .
  ' '      ■        -—*■ 	
J. P. H0ULAHAN, Agent, opposite Coal Co.'s office, Pellat Ave.
Grows Nest Trai rig Co.
-''"■; General Merchants..v>;.
The   Store   of  Good Values
Victoria Ave.
Fernie, B.C.
++++++<%* ++.A>+++A>AtAt,<A.4>,+.4> + + .».».»»<|H
New Store!   New Goods!
Everything is Nice and Fresh
"-    *■ '
The Stock is complete in all lines.    You
will find in part, Drugs, Patent Medicines,* 0
Magazines of all kinds, Daily. Newspapers
■•■; and Weeklies, Stationery and Office Supplies, Garden and • Flower Seeds, Toilet
Articles, Fancy Goods, Fine Soaps, &c, &c.
, Call   and   see the   store and .the goods    ,_
A    Poor.  Shoe
V/ill not mend its
■ its , looks  toy
Get the: kind that are made
right in the beginning, Right
in shape, whicn q*ives them style.
Right in fit, which gives them
comfort-. Right in durability
which makes them wear well.
The right kind nro always to bt)
had at right prices at
McDougall's   .
liovs of" victoria avenue andT~Han"son
L. V. Keely ancl L. W. Spencer of
the Celgary' Herald staff spent the
week end in the ,city. Mr. Spencer is
an old time resident of Fernie.
Messrs. Kastner and Armstrong
started for Elko this week but went on
lo Cranbrook before they knew the
difference. Oh, yes, Elo Is growing
Eon McXeoiy has now joined the
team owners association. He has
been a member of the Fernie Teamsters union for a long time and is
very popular,
Mr. C. C. Wright is now properly
Installed in his now premises. Wo'
now have the two best jewelry stores
in Western Canada and both the gentlemen should be proud of, their
Win. Talbol was in town on Monday.
He has been prospecting near Michel
all winter and camo In to renew old
friends, and also his subscription to
the great family journal, tho Ledger.
The Free Press last week imparted
llio startling liitolligcnce to the people of this hamlet that Oanie Warden
Lewis had been bllten by a live bovver. Well, John, Its lucky for him
that ll wasn't a dead beaver that
took hold of his wing.
You are right, The Trite.-Wood Co.
have big values to offer in furnituro
and stoves. Special Inducements for
, Tea grown at an elevation of 5,000
feet and upwards whero soil and
climate combine to give that delightful fragrance and dellcous flavor, Is
uhoiI ln "Salada." Its purity and
Hlrongth nuilto It much more economical to use than other tens.
For a good comfortable smoke get
Dorenbecker's brands. They are
home product.
Some of tho coming attraction-, of
note at tho Fernio opera Iiouho will bo
Florence Robert h In "Tho Hoiiho of
llondagp," on the Kith of April; Arlh*
in* Cunningham In Hhuan Itliue, Tho
Minstrel MiiIiIh In Rerthti from Horlln,
The IltiiiawnyH, Max Flginun In "Tlie
Man on the Hox," and II. 10. Pierce
& Co. In "In Wyoming."
Look at your diamond nnd see If
tho claws are holding solid. If not
bring It to Liphardt who does that
work the same day as it is left,
Local Oddfellows nro still adding to
th-lr .'■tiiiigth, nml ihe Initiatory denn".* was put on Wednesday night,
wlu'ii four candidate** were given n
Unit gllnipHi' Into the my nt erics behind
tlir* barred doors. Tho lloHtticr de*
kvi'o tt'inn will lift pn-'Hi-'iit on Wednesday night next and exemplify tlm 1st
degree. Ml Oddfellow*-*., rmmilxift of
'•'eriilu lodge or not, are Invited to nb
Editorially   the   Calgary.   Albertan
says:     "   -     , ■--^-'^y
various kinds of harpoons into"Frank
Sherman, and calling him- a mischief
makei\and all that. But the experience
of peoplo in this western country is
that Frank Sherman can take care of
himself, and more than that,- that he
is not Inspired by any lovo of mischief
but by a desire to get all lie can for
his own people, the western miners.
It is rumored that Louis Stockett
went to meet Board Member Morgan.
That Is a nice gentlemanly game to
play, is it not?     -
  ,^~. ;	
Served Papers To-day
Provincial Constable A. A. Sampson
served the papers In ro King vs. Stanley this morning, commanding the appearance of W. S. Stanley at the supreme court to be held In Vnncouvor,
on April 19th next.
old and   reliable druggist.    Phone
Y You I vlll find un ou the Corner where the Pout OA'Icc wum before
T -        the Vivo
♦**»*»*»»*»*»*»*»*» + + +++++■+++ + + + + +++ •»»♦♦♦♦♦
a.tid   Accident
CKAMtUOOK. H. C. April C-A. K.
Walts, .1. l\ of Wtittsburg, Blient the
whole day taUIng evidence In n-uier-.
,.1. in',.!»,(.    'I    ,r .-.a*, t    ,-t ,"l t»,»,i It    I ■',,,,.,*    »p'...
Willi uM.'ii.'iiiiih' to entire, a very young
girl, nnd afterwardn bonstlug of what
ho (oulil do.
The culprit confeHiiod when con*
fronted with lho ovldenco. Mr. \Vjiit«
gave lilm tlie choice of tho lash or prison—niul for the sake of Hparing IiIh
pnrr*nfn the Atftftrnco hn chfttn thn
At WnttslitirK Ih a &*at flagnfaff,
lie culprit wan not iled Unl v,..w .one
inauded (» take oft' Ills coat and text
and place tils handn on the post, while
Mr. Watts pen-oi.ftlly «ppll.-il Dm
lft-di, the Mr I pes calling forth ytdln for
Married on Wednesday-
A vory pretty \vedding took placo
on Wednesday at. lho residence of Mrs.*
a. Hall. "Cedar Valloy," when Miss
Esther J.' Fletcher was united in thc
holy bonds of matrimony to Mr. Benjamin Ft. Snyder of Lothbrldgo, Both
the contracting parties wore former residents of this city,'
The eoromonv wns performed by
Ilev. I.T. Williamson of the Bapllfit
t-.iurch, in tho prosenco of a row I'm*
nvodlato friends, Tho biido wns bo*
cfti-mlngly attired in a whito organdie
piSncoss gown trimmed in malteso Inco
nnd Inner!Ion. Bho wns asslslcd by
Miss Mabel Rattan. Mr. J, 11. Mc*
Culloiigh performed tho duties of best
After tho ceremony tho usual congratulation** l/olng oxtondod, the party Bnt. down lo a tasty wedding broak*
fast, nftor which thoy left amidst the
best wIhIios of all for tliolr homo in
Lothbridge, where the groom Is a popular nnd woll known young man,
The hrldo'H golng-awny suit was of
nnvy bltto with lint to match.
Tho Ledger extends congratulations
to Mr. and Mrs, Snyder.
D13TROIT, Mich, April C—A horrible Hlory iihnoHl, Incredible In its barbarity and gruoHomnmiBH wrm told by
Hilton George, who Iiiih been In lho
ehtirgo of nn Important post nf the
JJudHon Bay Compnny nenrl.nke Nl-
pegon, nnd wlio arrived nt Travow*
City on Hnturdny on a vl«ll Io rehil*
Ho wns notified that nn Indian family living In nn out of tho way fipot
were Iii danger of Btnrvnllon, nnd
whon ho arrived wllh assistance a
terrible Hlghl. grt'otml hli!). Tlio mother
knowing thnt am-tetanee wn« on the
i        a    , a     a     . ..I     a ......'..l 4^.    fn*1*.
,,..,.,   ,,,.,.    .,,.♦.,.a..a    .4...   j..«,..*v...    .....
fn!U'. but the delay wan'too Ions,
and tho littlo onoB woro orylnr** for
food. Tnltlng hor hunting Itnlfo the
devoted mother cut. Ktrlps of flesh
from hor body and fed thom to tho
I'll tlu O110M.
"l ,111   TriOHlt-f    rtllai   cLiivi.1'...   idt.aj      *,;
onco tnlten to tho nearest station and
tho mother In maklnff a bravo fight
for lier life. The children nro well
nnd strong.
The Printers cleaned up" on the
lathers'on Saturday night, but hit tbe
rocks when they bumped into tbe King
Edward habitant's on Monday night.
There* was nothing very spectacular
in either game, only wo should apologize for the modest, effort of Mr. J. V.
who appeared on very short notice,
and who Is always at sea without his
bowling sox,
The Saturday night gnmo was ns follows:
Rush ' *.   'lH
W. Simmons    -fS8
Moody     J70
W. ,1. Simmons ,,.-  'HO
Skinner     ;!S'J
Total '  2302
Wallace ...    I*-*"
Whlmstor .-...' .* * • jjG-l
Kirkpatrick  *■>'••»
Kennedy  JS8
Woodhouso  ■•Bo
Majority for prints 209.
Coons. *'*•'• 010
Hughes  «00
niackstono ... ,  Bo'l
Gates *.   530
Elfnor  "■*'••
Mcl'licison Avo..        Pernio, 1). C.
Ostrich ■.
Feathers I
♦■♦a************-* *+♦♦♦♦*»*-*
For Easter Trade
Ihiggiiyo  delivered   to   any
imrt of tlio eity.
Patterns and Quality
o ri
25c  to  $1.50  each'    ,
75c  to $3.00   each
.  Z  for  25c
GO,, Ltd,
Fernie's Big Department Store
Whlmstor .
Stanley    "ij
Volume  >   303
...  ...
,,, .,,
it*     i t t
Majority for the Kng IM. 180,
Mr, A. flmlfh Ih In tho Itank of Coin-
mor«-o taking tho placo of .Mr. Itolph
who Ir leaving on n nhort vncntlon.
Jon Alello In Rolnft to hulld next to
tho Waldorf hotel a* soon on the wen*
xlu<r permit*. Jo« **y* ho will hull*!
a place that will be an (addition tn th***
The annual nicoMtiK or tho Crown
Nost Piihb Foolhnll looBiio wan held
In .Michel on Saturday, April 3rd, to
arranKe datci* for lho prosont Beauon,
InvltutlfiiiH woro Bent to nil eluhH In
the l'lms, hut only flvo of thom nont
ropreHenlnllvoHi Kornle, Coal Creek,
.Michel, llollovuo and Cowley.
Tho rollfJwIiiK offlc'ors wero oloelol
for the year:
Untintinrv nrcRldent: ,T. Tl. TTurd,
!h,i..iiiu'i' the vi'i-nUli'M. II. G.
Drliiimn, HoHiuer,
ProHldent: Tom Crahan, Mlchol,
Vice preBldent; W. II. Chnpp-,1),
Hef-rotary, Jn-mon Sharp, Michel.
Inn Kuetetiiry, Mr. Jonnllinn Graham,
with n medal In rocomnltlon of his «or*
vlemi to tho ABfloclntlon.
It will ho noticed that tho IToflmer
nnd Colemnn cluh* woro not represented at the meetlnR, but It wnn decided
to send nn invitation to them, nnd
nUn to Vrnnk to Join tho l«n-*rti**, nnd
open dates wore left to suit their con*
Should these clubs Join ft very interesting series of Ramos will bo piny*
This league Includes a series of
hom-t* and homo games, each club hav*
160 aores of land for sale
7 miles from Pincher Crcelc,
Alta, 50 acres cultivated,
rest all level. First class
buildings, good water, land
free of stones.
Apply at
The Ledger Office
?♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦«■*,
In  Fernie  its !
Hawthorne, for
SlljPllj ::
Painting,  Interior
Wood at. A l*«IUt Aviu
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦
intt to play the other two Kuinett, Two
points aro to bo credited for a win and
for a draw. Tho club havlns; tho largest number of points at tbe end of the
■oason Is declared the winner.    The
A complete lino of samples of
Fall Suitings and
Worsteds, Screes
and Tweeds
Up-to-date Workmanship
Moderate Prices
J. G.
All kinds of
Qlve us a trial
honor at proRont rosin wltli tho Mlohol
r.ln!i wlir. iron  It tflBt Vfiflr.
A pleasing Inllmntloii wat mndo lo
tho mcotlriK whon tho Mlchol roprCBon*
tntlvo, nnnouncod that Mr. Tom Crn*
linn of Mlchol would presont tho sum
of $250 to tho association oltlior for
a chnllonRO cup and medals, or what*
ovor tho clubs comprlsns tho association would doclile.
Tho mooting accoptod tho gift and
thanked Mr, Crahan for his generosity uinl for hU keen luteicat In thu
Another mooting will bo hold In July
when tho draw for tho Port Steele
Brewery cup will tako place.
^_l*1&1_^e&e&4&^y £&*£*-*&■ tA- ^_j*-_mt 4ftV-**ifr--**fe' ■*£•-
1 Bronte Cobbler and 3 Hens
3 White Holland Gobblers
Barred Rock and Whito Rock


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