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The District Ledger Jun 13, 1908

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Array I "*
Industrial . Unity   is   Strength
vol. hi no. 42
The   Official   Orgui.   of  District   No.   18/-&*>M. W. of A. <-^
 -■ -:'--   '--—"——^ _j4j#4a4Q08===
/ ,v-* - -
/' **^ *.*     t»t     .n*
Fernie, B.C., June 13^1 1908'
4  /
Political  Unity   is  Victory
>$1.00. a*'Yeas
and i- '•
*•-, '.
Stock in the
West. Prices
and   quality
).*    i. *-J     ti; **
R i ^h t
J •   'aHL-a
REID  CO.,   Limited
*   ' ' ',',■*- t    -v
Fernie,   B. C.
We cater direct for the
i* fl, '' ' ft
Workingman's Trade
That  is  why-our .trade-'has-increased so rapidly.    The
more   business   we   do.  the  lower  our prices will get.
,  ' "°    -        -■•     V ,'
Don't "-fail' to see   our stock  before-buying elsewhere.
Spring   Suits   ...
...?8, 10   12   15
Stiff Hats	
.. ...2.50   3   3.50
..; .2   to   4
L *.
Dress Shoes	
 o... 3 to 5
'We^make a specialty of working
men's goods.
Locklia-rt   8c  Gillespie
You will say, Is it Possible?
That I enn buv aood fruit lands with a (fond supply .water within 30 milesof Fernio, on the Installment plan      • ■   . ■
$5.00 Down,   $5.00 per Month.   No Interest or Taxes
For a five ncre tract during* lite »f contract.   This offer, will
not last Ion*. Write tor circular of "Koo aenla Irrigation Tract"
D. Wa  HART, Afift. K. R. L.. Co., Bay ties, B. C.
For; Amount j Spent, in Building
*La&Year "
According to: tbe labor Gazette
the building-'expenditure • for this
city ' dxiriag; -*i9bjj -was $109,000,
while last year it soared up to
*?232,000, which ds distributed ,as
follows: I/ost office, ?60,000; rink,
$23,000; court house, ?25,000 ;
C. P. E. _ station, ;S20,000; Western
Canneries establishment, ,$18,000;
laundry, ?i0,000; Temperance
hotel, $12,000; ,Elk planing Mill,
$10,000; Wood-McNab Mill, $10,-
000, Jail, $1,500; Fire' Hall, ?1,-'
500;. residences, < 830,000; Fernie
hotel addition, $8,000; Livery, $2-
000; Home hospital, $1,000.
This places Fernie as fourth in
the province, which,is a first class
showing. „ Nelson't is given as
$95,179; Eossland," $20,000; Na-
naimo, $20,000. \- , * *
With the building that is in progress this year, and the expected
ones that will likely be put up before the end of the season, ; the
last.year record should be left in
the rear.. ■ '   .      ""
' ,i'i'____
All those interested in lacrosse
are asked to attend -a meeting for
the purpose of ..organising, in J.
C. Kenny.'s jailor shop after practice on Monday night (9 p.m.) The
boys have ,,-be'en -out,for practice
every night this''t^fek and it is to
be hoped .they will be encouraged
by a good attendance , at' their
meeting. ' On Friday night they
journeyed to' Hosmer' and played
-»^ friendly.   gflvriP. ' •with   tha t-p-.am
there resulting in a win for. Fernie
djf'5*to 2;* ■ ."'   -r   ■""■■•   y ':
 b_ ; -
: .-*.
Company Agree io Re-instate
Discharged Men
The dispute between the C.N.P.
Coal Co. .and its employees at
Michel has been finally settled. At
a meeting between thei officers* of
District 18 and the management j
this week it was agreed to rein-
estate the twelve men discharged
by the company. These men will
be given their old places back immediately.
• The case of , the refusal to employ Henry Marchant was.not proceeded with, the District officers refusing to fight for a non union
man.     J----
It' appears- that Mareh'ant-has
not been a member, of the union
since the closing of the mine at
Lundbreck, in April, 1907, ai.d, in
fact • positively refused to join
upon the reopening of the mine.
The action of. the late secretary
of the Michel local union, Charles
Garner, in ' misleading the miners
cannot be too strongly condemned. In fairness to the president of
Michel- local, James Douglas, ' it
should be stated that,he was not
aware of the fact-that Marchant
was a non-union man.
In the opinion of the district officers every grievance of the Michel
miners could have been settled
without a single.day's stoppage of
work, had the proper spirit been
shown on both sides.
W. C. T. U.
The local branch of the W.C.T.U.
of Fernie are starting a physical
culture,,    class-'iri" connection .with
THAT the horse racing on our
main street should not be allow*
ed, as it is very dangerous for
women and children besides an occasional man. On Wednesday evening several very close shaves
•were witnessed by the reckless
horse riders as they toro down
main street. Some one will- get
hurt and then it will be thought
time enough to stop the sport.
What about.our race track now?
•   •   • '
■ i
TBAT he would like to hear our
band out a couple of times dutiag
the   week,    They have   the stand
now,   Two   nights a week would
do them no harm and others a lot
of eood.
• •   •   •
THAT he thinks the women of
the red light district should not
be allowed up town as at prit-mt,
They should be allowed* ono, oi
one and a half hours between one
and three when the respectable
women are not out shopp'ng- as
much as later on. It hardly
fleams right for the lames of town
to have to stand in tine slot** aud
wait while on* of theie womui aw
being attended to, and that ie a
•common occurrence, Besides that
the children should not be brought
Into so much contact with them,
When tUey com* up a* they now
do just as school,Is coming ont,
and the children are all over the
ttreets, the children are bound to
sm them and tbat should not
happen. Th*Ve aro a lot ol our
city ladlee who put o* their ehop-
ping a« they do net «are t*> eome
into elose contact with these peo*
pie (a the various stem, and this
suggestion should b* acted on.
THAT tho election returns seemed to upset a few of the boys,
both in spirit and in pocket. But
cheer up wait till tho Fernie elections,
*   *   *
. THAT, when tho Coal company
wish to alter thoir train service to
the mines they might have the
courtesy to notify tho public and
thus savo a number of men from
losing a shift through no fault of
their own. This rotors to the
stopping at Old town, which
should be continued,
THAT some one who is a low
born, mean and contemptible specimen of humanity has been very
busy lately poisoning dogs and
cats, apparently for no reason,
W* remarked sjbout another party
who was shooting eats a short
time ago. This U gotting down
to the meanest level of manhood,
Several good dogs and eat* hav*
been poisoned th* last few days,
We hope the law will fall en the
guilty dubs, whoever thoy are.
•*«*-*»-*»*»»o   i
i. 0.0. P. feKAH& LODGE
Mew Westminster, June 12*~The
Oddfellowi' grand lodge of British
Columbia In sesiion hire, ha* elected the following oflleet* for tha
ensuing year; O, M,, K, Fulton,
Ladysmith; B.Q.K., W, taw, Vancouver; O.W., £. L, Webber, West*
minster; 0,8., V. D, Davie, Victoria; G.T., W, H, CuV..m; representative to the suprtm* lodge, C.
S. Keith, New Westminster, lh*
oflicers will be Installed thl* evt-u*
ing after which th* delegates uill
b* banqueted by th* local lodge.
Committees to be Appointed
Tomorrow-Preparing for a
Grand Day's Sport
A public meeting will bo held
on Sunday afternoon for the purpose of arranging for a big celebration on Dominion Day. This is
something that anyone who is at
all interested in the progress of
sport should attend. Fernie should
bo able to hold a real good' day
on this date, and wo hopo that
all interested will attend the
meeting. As we now have a goad
lacrosse, baseball, football and
bowling club, we should be able
to have a gala day. The meeting
is called for three o'clock,
The football match played in
the recreation grounds on Wednesday night between Fernie - league
team and the business men resulted in.a draw-r2-2. .A fair number
were in attendance, but it cannot
be said that the article of football
presented was as good as what we
have seen before in Fernie. Both
sides showed lack-'of condition -to
a considerable extent, and we
would urge upon those playing
the game to "everlastingly practice," especially combination.
the Loyal Legion Temperance Society, to • be, formed on Monday
evening next. All children from
8 years and upwards wishing*, to
join will please 'meet -"in the Miners
Hall on Monday,'v J-une- 15th at 7
*.m.   Admission free.
'Physical Instructor
The two young daughters of Mr.
John Catieo met with a sad death
by drowning in the Michel Creek
Tuesday last, They wandered
from home, and a* soon as th*
mother found they were missing
she gave th* alarm. A posse w*nt
out in search, anticipating thoy
had got into the swollen creek,
Th* *ld*r of th* two girls was
found about noon Wednesday, but
the other hjirl ■not h**n fomid at
th* time of writing.
The Michel brewery projected
some time ago has materialised to
•uch an extent that they expect to
do business on the 80th inst. The
parties interested are sanguine of
3u«ce*i3 and v/ill no doubt receive
a fair share of patronage along
the Crow, Mr. Myer», th* head
brewer is well known in these
parts for the quality of the goods
he can turn out.
A new provision- 'of the district
agreement between operators and
miners in the Hocking district
covers the much vexed question of
mines closing down to allow men
to attend funerals, It provide*-1,
that in case of fatal accident in
any mino, the mine may be closed
down for the balance of tho day
when such accident occurs, Tho
mine shall rosume work on tho
following day and continue work
aB usual, including the day of the
funeral, but any employee may
absent hlmsolf.for the purpose if
he attends the funeral. On the
death of any employee the mine
shall continue operation! on the
foregoing conditions,
A provision for employers' liability in case of death ot any *m*
ploye* or member of his family, is
also inserted in this section, as
followr,- The employer or company
shall contribute to the local un*
ion for family doceased: Employee
IB yeari or over, or under IB, it
married, |35; tor wife of employee
120; son or daughter, 16 to IB
yaars of age, not ion ot employe*,
S15. Th* same schedule shall be
paid im case of any relative of
employe* directly dependent upon
him for support. These provisions
superced* til otlner joint burial
conditions and payment by operators. If ''conditions regarding
•tweping mine at work ar* not 6b*
served' thli min*ri shall pay nothing.
Toronto, June 13--At th* Minis*
terial session of the Toronto Me*
thodist conference yesterday Mev.
Dr. Carman, general superintend*
ent, contrasted th* growth of tho
church' in Brltlnh Columbia and
other western provinces, with Ove
falling off in Quebec, where conditions, he said were not at all
Last Monday general election's
were held in Ontario and Quebec,
and in each case the government
side was sustained with good majorities, causing no genbral sur-
prise, with the possible exception
of Ontario, where Whitney, the
Premier added 17 more seats, and
in Quebec the government side
lost 14 scats, showing considerable gains for tho Conservative
party in the two provinces. Below
is the result.
Conservatives 87
Liberals 18
Independent >„     1
Govornment majority
Previous majority
Government 55
Opposition 10
Government majority
Previous majority
For ,one week   only'we .will   sell any of our
Trimmed Millinery at the following prices
for $5.50
< <
"     6.50
«     6.50
0   '
il                         4.       4.   -
"      10.00
See Window Display
At Special Low Prices.    See Window
Trites-Wood Co,
Michel, June IS!—Several serious
accidents occurred here last Satur*
Tony Ferrasi, an Italian miner,
while going to his work in Ko, 8
mine, while crossing; the tipple to
gain the main entrance at So. 8
tunnel, attempted to climb he*
tween two cars, Just as he *vas
balancing on the couplings the
cars gave a lurch and threw  him
**   I   < .*     f \,'X     44,14, -<,.*•,>•* ,.,.*>,■
UMM.t »*4>i4, »'..*»,V*.4| »,    -   t,Hl ti.,3
going ovrr hie toot, \xeA\y liiccrnt-
lng it. He was at once taken to
the hospital.
About half an hour later Andy
Mllonl, another Italiun, who is
fimployed in tne tipple •*,» A put>n-
er, was caught by some moving
cars, and was badly injured on
hie right aide, the principal injuries received being at the thigh,
Another serious accident ocurr-
ed in the C. P. R. yards nt t'row'i
Ment early Saturday morning,
when William Wolfer of CranbrooK
a brake-iman in the yard*, vtbti
run over. He was broua-ht here on
« ipeelal engine, hin left foot being so badly crushed that it was
found necessary to amputate it.
And Sentences Passed-Mullin
Down for Twenty Years ■
Others Got it Easy
The case of crown vs. Walker
was again taken up Saturday
aftornoon. This is a case whero
the accused is charged with attended rape upon a littlo girl at
Michel) but tho provious jury had
disagrood and w«ro dischargod,
Tho evidence was again gone ovor,
The jury found prisonor guilty of
indecent assault, and ho was sentenced to two years imprisonment
and nino lashes. Sheriff, tho prisoner in the Elko rape case, was
sentenced to 15 months with SB
lashes. This is on an appeal
from n previous sentence of life
imprisonment, McCaffray for forging Dominion Express note was
sentenced to ,20 months.
Patrick Mullen, charged with
the murder of Angelo Orlando, at
Michel, was found guilty of man*
slaughter, In giving sentence hie
Lordship said that his opinion was
that tho charge of murder was
perfectly justified, and that Mullen
had not the respect for human
life that is expeoted of those who
deserve their liberty. When Mullen was asked it he bad anything
to say why sentence should not
be passed upon him, he got into a
•mry •»•***■■«,fM «•*♦,♦■ *-*,H nfiM that
th* vfttvUet ,was wronp*. He wo
however, sentenced to SO years in
the penitentiary. Space does not
permit us of giving a verbatim re*
port of the trial, which we    had
Yesterday afternnon George S.
Coleman, proprietor of the Waldorf hotel at' Ymir, was charged
before stipendiary, magistrate W,
H. Bullock-Webster,, of Nelson,
with the attempted murder of
Henry Sann of Kelson at Ymir, on
June 10. Chief constable Devitt
prbsecutod for the crown,, whilo W.
A. Macdonald, K.C, appeared on
bohalf of^ tho prisoner, George
Coleman. Only the evidence af
the police officer in immediate
oharge of the case; Fraser, of.
Ymir, was taken. The constable
proved the arrest, arriving at
the scene shortly after the
shooting occurred. He was
croMs-oxaminod at some 'jtigth by
W. A. Macdonald.
Tho case was remanded for eight
days, tho court refusing bail.
Sllverton, Col., .Tune 11 — Six
men are dead, eight others in a
critical condition, from breathing
loul air nnd 30 more are temporarily confined to their homes by
gas poisoning suffered In the Gold
King mine at Gladstone.
Additional Locals
B. S. Garrett was down to Hos-
mer playing shin dig,
T, J. Binns, of Vancouver, was
in town Thursday,
Good Tent for Sale, sire 10x18.
Apply Ledger office, tf
Good Steel Fishing Hod for sale.
Apply ledger Office, tf
Born—On June 10th, 1008 to
Mr, and Mrs. Alex. X. Fisher, a
Boarding House For Sale—Price
1700.00, Apply J. A. Stewart,
Coal Creek,. ,,,
Tlie Rev, D, E, Hatt, II,A., sup*
orintendent of Baptist missions for
ii. C, U III loWji tiita week.
Ur. Uainlord, of Messrs, Plun*
kett and Savage, was in Vancou*
ver this week. He It expected to
return to town Monday.
Mr, Smith, of Messrs, Smith)
Davidson and Wright, of Vancou*
ver, was in town on business Friday. He reports business as good
in Fernie as any town in B, C.
Soveral people Irom the Old
Country have arrived in Fernie ;
i.uuvi* looking fur woil. aud others
looking for the land the C. P. B.
have advertised, but which they
fail to find at Elko and other
points along the line. "a
DISTRICT   LEDGEE,   FERNIi:.   B. C, JUNE 13,. 1908;-.
^*:**:**>*^^ Sitp^fSm^n^:^ z^z^f
\* • •* n 1        -1 x-^i X.2--  \ i*.««Tiv.iit->       tbft'm
'   The following" chapters reproduced-*  from ~'the-''.Pinkertbn, Labor'
Spies"  exhibits .the way in which
these     human    spiders    do    their
•work.   This is .a phase that , will.,
have to be closely watched.in this'
country.   These detectives make it
fheir     business:  to    get'in'touch
with     the various unions, and in
cases of any trouble they are ready
to falsify reports, and .'do- other,
contemptible  kinds  of .'things S to;
help further the'interests of-their
employers—the bosses.. Beware  of
the Labor Spies.
The mining industry of Colorado
is not restricted to the production"
of silv.er and gold. * The state also
produces   immense   quantities , ot
coal.   The eoal is bituminous, and
"the entire' outfit is practically controlled   by     three   g-reat corpora-
. tions.   The Northern Coal & Coke
Company   owns   the'big  mines ■ in
northern Colorado, while the Colorado Fuel & Iron Co.   and Victor
Fuel Co. virtually control this industry in the southern part of the
, state.
-    At the time of our .story, the relations between miners and operators in the northern coal fields were
-quite friendly  and the conditions
tolerably good.   It was otherwise
with the conditions that prevailed,
in the southern fields, particularly
' in those Vamps owned by the Colorado Fuel & Iron Co.     ■
'   The miners working for this com-
pany were compelled to  labor 12
hours   a     shift for wages     which
really averaged above two dollars
* a  day.   They - received  their    pay
once a.    month in what is known
.as script  or paper good for   ,,its
face value in exchange for' merchandise   only   at the     Company's
stores.    Thi,s    system    practically
prevented the miners from ever accumulating • any  cash,   and placed
0 them    at the   mercy   of the-com-
° pany.   These   conditions  were  na-
'   turally  obnoxious to  the employees, of  the  Colorado  Fuel & Iron
Co.   One cannot blame the miners
for hating a system that compell-
■!•   ed them to toil twelve hours a day
"at the dangerous, unhealthy occu-
'   pation   of  coal  mining,   and  then
to receive their meagre wages, not
"   in- United  States  money,  but    in
merchandise    at   the     company's
stores,  at prices'which  often- left
-them in debt to„tbe company.
' 'The officials" cf the■ company bet-
• ter than anyone-else, knew that a
."-system of this kind,must be heart-'!
 ? ^l.._^ r.l-ac*-^A _V,TT-_+Vl'p—Yn(Jr»    Q « A —Th** t-
'   if a union organiser should appear
the     "miners,   the   latter
to    his
running of it. ., The incident, from
the workers' point of view,- is tragic rather than farcical. The following report of No. 38 is,a good
description of how he and No. 28
were introduced to one-,another by
John L. Gehr. ' * ,
•would,lend "a" willing"ear
program. As the establishing of a
union would result in shorter
hours and'the, abolition of the
scrip system, the company took
steps to stifle in embryo any attempts at organising.
In the first place the company
hired deputy sheriffs, ostensibly
for the purpose of patrolling and
protecting'.their property, but in
reality to watch every stranger
entering the camps, and to order
him out of town if found to be a
union organiser.
,  This. precaution prevented organisation   openly     among the coal
miners.   However,  a, deputy sheriff could not prevent an agitator
from getting work in some, mine,
then  secretly  talking  to  and   organising, tho    men into a union.
The company thought of this possibility,  and applied tho only remedy; namely, the placing of Fin-
kerton operatives in somo of their
camps as practical coal miners in
which   capacity    thoy wero in an
excellent position to discover   the
presence of a secret organiser and
report tho names of all  disaffected.
The company had one operative
in Fremont county and another in
Las Animas county.   The   former
was J. Frank Strong, No. 28; nnd
tho latter Robert M, Smith,   .No.
38,   Both operatives did tho same
work, yet neither was acquainted
with the other.
No. 28, in addition to hisnrogu-
lar work among tho miners, kept
special watch on John L. Gehr, a
member of the National Executive
Board of the United Mine Workers
of America; while No. 38 maintained intimate rolations with
William Howells, President,
and John Simpson, secretary of
district No. 15, comprising tho
Colorado division of the Unitod
Mino Workers.. Thus, through tho
modium of operatives Strong and
Smith, tho coal miners' union
could not mako a Ringle move that
would not be promptly reported
to tho company.
It onco happened that national
executive board membor Gehr took
a trip to Las Animas county iu
order to strengthen tho union in
that £(,ction, Operative Strong
wnn very anxlou.i to thwart Mr.
Gohr's plnns, so ho accompanied
him to Trinidad, on tho ploa that
ho wanted to help in the good
Dear Sir— " -•   ',.,,.
•*   ^Operative No.'38:reports.
Trinidad, Colo.,,'Feb.  25,.  1903.
• After '   having" breakfast Curtis
and ,1   started, ■> out to hunt 0 oho
.Uehr'at the irinida-l'hotel'" where
he stays.' we learned -that he had
not  gotten up  yet this morning.
We J.nen sat "around the bar-room
awhiie,  when,  as he had not    as
yet shown up;'we went up. to his
room','*' and found him awake, butr
still in bed.1 - He, however, invited
us in, and was both surprised and
glad    to  see   w.   Then,, after exchanging ' greetings he got up ,and
dressed, and invited us- to  accompany him to another room   where,
He said, he wanted to introduce us
to a iriend.   He introduced us   to
a Mr. J. Frank Strong, who comes
from   Fremont   county, and from
Gehr's home local, and was candidate for district secretary against
Simpson last fall.   Gehr, introduced Strong, as his best fmnd.   We
talked   until Strong was  dressed,
when we went down into tha barroom where we had  drinks,  after
which Gehr and Strong, went    to
breakfast.   Curtis  and I  went  up
to    the   '  county  jail  to' see Jim
Ritchie,   promising'   to meet Gehr
and   Strong, again on our return
from the1 jail.. ..After visiting Ritchie we returned down town,    and
at- ''the Horse Shoe cl-ib we met
Gehr, Strong, Frank Hefferle    and
several   other   men from Majestic.
We learned that they were to  attend-a trial.. It  appears  that    a
fellow   who   is    cooking   at    the
boarding house at Majestic, got a
valentine recently that-   did    not
suit  him,, and' he  blamed Hefferle
for   sending    it, and told" Hefferle
that if he did not get out of camp
immediately,    he'- would kill him.
Hefferle had him arrested and-the
trial was to take placerto-day and
they   had    sought Gehr's counsel.
He-was trying to settle it out   of
court,-    which I believe he finally
did with the assistance of  Curtis.
At  the   first opportunity, I began
to sound Gehr with regard to these
two organisers mentioned in a letter to me; but 'if they are' here he
would not let anything out to indicate     that   he   knew    anything
about it... I did not, howevfer, ask
him     outright   if they  were- here;
but if they are here, he could 'gain
nothing- by not telling me. so,    so
erally, Gehr is as open as a book
on such matters     with me, which
leads     me to, believe that if these
organisers have been ordered here,
they have not yet arrived,  or    at
least have not made their presence
known to Gehr.   However, he   did
tell me that he had been informed
that  James Kennedy had got    a
commission, and was going to assume     his  duties  on  the  first   of
March.   I can now see that' there
is going to be a clash of authori:
,ty    wnen Hov/ells    returns ' here
and he and Gehr have exactly   opposite views on the system of organisation.   Gehr    is bitterly  opposed   to    the, group system, and
Howells thinks it is the only -way
to organise District No.  15.  Gehr
said that whon he c&me down hero
he'  had   not    intended to remain
here, but had simply intended   to
see   how    things were going,.and
then' roturn north and go into Wyoming, but he had fovmd the Trinidad local     in such a dilapidated'
condition that he had 'decided    to
remain horo and try to put it on
its feet again.   He then wont  on
to   criticise     old Bill Howells- for
lotting the local go to piccos"af**er
ho (Gohr) had laid tho foundation
for tho best local in tho district, I
then asked him if tho national officers had promised anything   for
District No. 15 whilo ho was bank
there in attendance nt the convention,   He said thoy had not promised him very much, -out ho felt
tliat    whenever ho could convince
John Mitchell that we had restored   harmony   in   District No, 15,
nnd   woro    all   working together,
wo could safely oxpoct something
from   the   National.   Wo thon all
went to dinner and I saw no moro
of    Gehr    until aftor supper,  and
tho talk wns almost entirely    on
John Ritchio's onso and the    one
between IIolTcrlo an*',l tho other fellow.   At    10.30 p, m. I loft Gohr
and went to my room and rotirod
for the night,
Yours respectfully	
The following reports of operative Smith will give the reader a
fair idea*of what the coal miners
,of .Colorado, in convention assembled, spoke, did and planned:
Dear Sir— '   .
Operative.No. 3S Reports.   ,.
. Pueolo, Colo .'/Sept. Hi, 1903'.
The nrst    tning tnat'too^ piape
•this morning was a" lengtny.- -ais-
cussion as to wnetiier tne press ie-
porters should' be" allowed in    tne
convention.,'  Howells    • contenceo.
that the more,publicity we    gave
our deliberations the'-.better, as it
was'*the "public mind we wanted to
reach,    and iV'was finally decidea
to let the reporters-remain as long-
as they reported.truthfully the actions of, the convention, but   that
on the first false-ueport going-out;
the reporter giving-it, and the paper he was! working for', would loe
excluded from the convention. Tne
president's report was then    read
and dwelt principally    upon   the
efforts    that     had been' put forth
within" the     last year toward the
organisation  of  District No.    15,
and-the almost utter failure of the
efforts.    It     also   dwelt at some
length    on   the    efforts of himself
and others to get a meeting with
the  operators  of  District No.  15,
to adjust an equitable wage scale,
and its failure also and he offered
some  recommendations  as  to  his
views with relation to precipitating a strike in     District No.  15,
which all present seemed to fully
concur in.   The sentiments of    all
delegates present, except Jim Ritchie  and   John  Gehr,   are  enthusiastically in favor of a strike, and
they are anxious to see it declared
as   soon as we get a substantial
promise from the National     that
we will be supported.   Jim Ritchie offered a resolution to the convention,  commending  the  striking
miners' at Cripple Creek and'rouna-
ly condemning the Governor   and
Sherman Bell.   The resolution was
referred to the Resolution commit-
see.   There was then a committee
chosen,   namely,,Smith, Erie,   Colorado;   P. P.    Mort of     Coldrado
Springs;  J.   L.'  Campbell,   of Fremont county; James Kennedy, na-
•fco him by Keh-
tnat we c u.^.nbe
continue the-organisation under; j
'tne'- tyrannical' methods empioyea \
by tne operators at all-the camps'
in the southland that he was a '
servant oi District -No. 15, and j
would have to .-carry ;■ out the de-j
inands of District No. 15, or cease !
to' worn for-District^. No.  15,  but,-
ii he would not carry'-the' demands
of District No; 15 before-the .National; that Con Kelleher would.
Kelleher: had jalreaay signified his
readiness " to'-'.'do so.   uehr ,'-.,was
tional organiser,, and .William
Price of Pallisades, to draw up a
wage scale to present to the operators'' 'for adoption, and if they,
refused to consider it; it would be
placed' before the National ExecuT
live Board for their approval; and-
if they approved it;,'a strike"would
be called immediately after vthe
National Executive Board meeting, October 5th. ' Thgre wara telT
egram from an operator at Port
Smith, Arkansas,-. toj the ■ effect
that 500 union coal miners could'
get work at once in that vicinity.
This dispatch . was heartily, applauded. The convention' then adjourned at 5.30 p.m. until-9 a.m.
to-morrow, and after supper   my-
_self, J.'tn__Kpnniviy1 Wm .iJ fri ce
State Labor  Commissioner, Montgomery,   Mr. Hamilton,  organiser
'for   the  American  Federation     of
Labor, and several other, delegates
started   out   to take in the town.
Montgomery told me he was here
as a personal     representative     of
Governor Peabody, and he    could
say that we miners had' the sympathy of the    Governor, and that
we. had his (Montgomery's)     full-
sympathy, and he would use    his
full influence to keep th'e Governor on our side and     he considered
his    influence     with the governor
pretty, strong.   Hamilton substantiated'his statements, and said he
believed the coal-miners were.fully
justified in their demands, and the
Governor thought so too; but,  of
course, the delegates are' a , little
Skeptical  of accepting such statements    in    view of the prevailing
conditions at   Cripple  Creek, and
also- ,the    fact that, Montgomery
was , somewhat intoxicated    when
ho made the statements.. He said
he was goin*r to address the convention   while,     horo,'defining'his
position, also  that of the Governor toward tho conl miners of Colorado,   Wo woro out until     after
midnight, when we rotired for the
Friday, Sept, 25, 1903.
This morning, tho Scale committee offered the following, scale for
consideration and ratification    oi
the convention; "
Demand No, 1, an eight hour
day; No, 2, semi- monthly pay-
clay; No. 3, abolition of the scrip
system; No. 4, hotter ventilation
in mines; No. 5, twonty per cont,
advance on all contract mining ;
No. 6,   that all company or day
druna^all through'the session's oi
the,, . convention,, and he left the
convention ixiVa rage, - and* the demands, were fiily. ratified and  ordered printed;'-'and .a,copy ordered
sent to each oi taecoal companies
operating in District No. 15. 'This
took up'the time until noon;.''and
was not. .finished:until sometime
in the aitefnobhl   -Thon Con Kelleher gave " the . convention  an  address,   -reiterating, ttie'' statements
made to me several days ago, and
which I reported at the time, that
John Mitchell had' instructed him
to make the {act that he had met
and  conferred with John Mitchell
as     public   .as possible,'and that
Mitchell was going to convene the
National executive board- October
5th for no other, purpose than
consider the, grievances of District
No. 15, and he had instructed him
(Kelleher)      to   return to  District
No.   15,  and have  the) convention
draw up*a scale, and come to the
National executive board meeting
and lay the scale  of District No.
15     before     that,body,'and John
Mitchell had as good as told him
he'thought,   the fight  of District
No. 15 would be' taken up by1 the
National.   He also  said he . chad
talked with a number' of the oper--'
ators of Missouri while there, and
all of them begged him'to send all
the men to them he could in case
Colorado  came  on 'strike;    .' This
news was received  with applause.
This and minor matters consumed
tfhe     balance of  the |day,   arid at
5.30 the con'ventioii adjourned until 9.00 o'clock to-morrow.   , After
supper   I   undertook |to write up
my   report,    but  was  interrupted
several times, and when I finished
yesterday's  report,   I, gave.it  up,
and went out with a;number     of
the delegates and' took ih the town
Get acquainted with
the big • black plug
Vchewing tobacco;-   A
tremendous favorite
everywhere, because of,
| tits richness and pleasing
flavor.. ';, . 2288
W, J...Wrigjesworthr;D, D. S.'
.„;'•       XDK2STTIST., .«'
Office HOURS!-       8 Soto U arm. 1 to 5 p. io
■ s     6.S0 to B \\. m.
"  Office in A ex. L' ik'sbiocK- ,   ;
over 5SUnn*   Bakery.
FERNIE, .     -
".To shoot a lion may.be accounted one. of the foremost, ambitions
of, every hunter, arid though many
expeditions penetrate, into likely
country with this object .specially
iri view, it ftoftimes happens that
no .sound or" sign-, of: this . species
of vermin (surely a legislatorial
insult to the king of beasts!) is
t0 * encountered, and only disappointment., is "incurred. '  There' is,     of
Insurance/and Customs Broker
Crow's   Nest   Trading;   Co-'BlncK.
- '   •   '•• Hernif.   B. -C.";' "   . "   -
. L.   P. 'Eckstein ^;
'•'•": Barhimkk-at-La.v, Solicitor .
Kooiua 1 & :CHtiirter-.on block. Fernie. B. C.
Contractors and Builders-
Pltni, Specifii-atioa*. n'*" >•*»«>
.—     mates  furnished  on- upt-h. -1- ■«
Pleaty.of  GOOD   DRY   i<m
.;'   BER ON H.ANI). , ,
-"   ■    ■   • -    . •    ''-'-■■".   >.-    '.
,    .'. „ R.  Vi'KEkR.
/•YrHutect ■■   aad Supcrinta-*"*-*.'
Office at Rtf.ida.nc* '?
BAKER  ST. "    FERN1F..   B    C
•f        i  ' *.     \   •
meets in the-MirieTs',Hall every;
•alternate Thursday at 8 p.m.  :    ■ 1
L. SNOW, Pres.  l ..',;'  '■'..   *E. UICKKR.-SeoV
J. Barber, ljd.s., d.d.s.,
until about midnight,! when we returned'to the hotel and I soon'retired for the night. The sentiment
of all the delegates with whom' I
■discussed the s\ibject was that there
never was "a-more opportune time
than now to make such a demand
as we wore now'making and they
thought that 'with the support of
the National we • ought to win in
a great measure, at least.
"  •'■■       "Saturday, Sept, 26, 1903.
-■• This-morning ./caere \vas a resolution -inu-ouiicea condemning  oo'nn
L.   urenr   ior an a<-tide";which appeared in tne   vrueoio .omeitaiir'
cms   morning,   whicn is attacntd.
i'nis caused quite a woiay  Dattie
TffTthe~cT3nvenTioi**^~as-m— tne—orig*
'inal resolution tnere was a paragraph to tne enect tiiac xieax  was
continually  intoxicated.     ' ivioran,
Kitcnie and Tom Hurley saia tiiat
whiie that was the truui, it     was
putting' it too strong to the puo-
uc, and Jim Kennedy, -Julian ijia-
del and a number oi othera said,it
was not strong enougn, as he deserved greater censure for' what he
had1 done'.    The resolution finally
passed with the clause pertaining
to  his   intoxication stricken out.
G-ehr was not present, having gone
home last night.   This was one oi
tne reasons * given by Jim lutchie
for righting tne resolution',    "There
were several resolutions of minor
importance,    also    several   minor
amendments     to  the constitution
submitted and passed, whic*h too*.*:
up the time     until the noon adjournment, and the flrst thing after re-convenmg in the afternoon,
Lhas. Moyer, president of the   W.
P.    of   ivi.   was   introduced    and
spoke at    some length on Trades
unionism, Socialism and the cripple    CreeK .strike  and militarism,
and in conclusion said be beLieve-a1
tne Vv. Is', oi iVi,' would eventually
wm their struct:, and hu hoped tne
TJ.IVI.W,  of A.  would  immediately
demand the eight hour day, whicn
he beliovod, would strengthen the
position of the W.F. of M..., ana1 he
hoped   tho   tl.M.W.     of A. would
succeed in    forcing the autocratic
operators to comply with tnelr demands,'1   and that  thoy  had  tne
sympathy of the vV.l1. of lvi.   and
any ritaancial aid tho V;.F, of   M.
j could give them.- John  (J,  Sulii-
| van, president of tho state I'odor-
I ation of Labor,   was then introduced, and talkod at some longth
course,  the other side' of the   picture,  where the brutes make their
presence uncomfortably felt among
travellers and others with no-particular wish to' dispute;'right    of
way or acquire.'acquaintance. .But
perhaps the most fortunate' 'combination is that" wherein the..,-.sojourner    in -lion  country 'obtains
the opportunity in a casual manner .of'gratifying his sporting   instincts  in . the  course . of, pursuing
his ordinary avocatiori'.'      •        i _ ■
„ Such     a    case ,happened, a few
days ago in the northern • parts of
sparsely-popvilated   Z outpansberg,
the -particulars of which are of an
unusual description on account of
the. bag obtained and the^courage
and cool headedness displayed by
the sportsman.concerned. ■   ■
It appears that a Boer transport
rider named Erasmus, only nineteen years of age, was on a return journey of 1-10' miles to, Petersburg from the Messina Mine, on
the Limpopo, to which place he
had been conveyiag stores for the
company. His sole .companion'
was'a piccanin native voorlooper..
After an early morning trek he
outspanned his waggon at;daybreak^ about -35 ..miles from his
point of departure, to. prepare his
breakfast, while the donkeys he
was' using, as ...transport animals
strayed    off into  the surrounding
T. VV    Block, 'opposite
Othi-e hour-—xV.m to ti !>.m
the   Bank
: Builder and Contractor.
F. C. L-YW'E
! Laiioe & Fisher
Crow's   Nest    Trading   Co.    Block,
" „ Fernie,  B. C.
W. R. iiBS.K.C;
Estimates cheerfully given*and work.:
promptly executed to the satisfaction of our customers,
Fernie ar.d
l]*'sn)cr ■■
Fire, Lite& Acci.
dent Insurance
.Ross & Alexander
'   • "'     ". ,      FEKX1.£. fl. 0 '
Ufhi-e ill ,li.'T. .V. Week. Victor*,*.  Avnm-
Henderson Blrek    KeiTiie.
"■■    Plans'and E-f-i^iitts'funiislied.
.    '     . '...        ■ -■   '   ■    .        o, ', -
Jolibinu.   Sash ami-Doors. *
Builder's -.Stairwork'.a Specialty
T. A.."'AMBROSE-,'-
•   " •"        '■-.!.  '',     ; ■ e ,-
.-    Successor to J- W. II.". pi>-v    ,'
■     , ,r '    . •-,       '
f      ' ' . ' .     ' i'    ■*   ''
Employment arstf,
ReaS Estate Offi«ce~
All   classes - of men
Bushmen,    Lumbermen   «&.'>
men I'ecdivu tha same pay for oight | on the miluro oi tho lath konei'al
hours as is now paid for ten I Assombly to j'/ass tho oight hour
hours. This caused a lungthy dis-' bill, and said ho believed the only 8
oussion, P. P. Mott, doleg-ato from   hour     -
bush    country to  graze.'  A short
time  afterv/ards some  disturbance
among.tne animals was manifested by vociferous brayings, and' in
no    time   ""to sp&ak of1 the native'
hurried up to his master scar'edly
with the ..information that, a lion
had attacked "one of the donkeys.
Without    a moment's hesitation
young Erasmus picked up his rifle
lying readiily near and made his
way    to ,. the   scene of the noise.
Having arrived in the neighbourhood'   and obtained a clear-sight
of the marauder, still, engaged in
its ' plundering work,..he steadily
levelled his' .weapon at it and let
riy.tlie   contents."' The    shot was
clearly fatal for the animal, which
afterwards turned out to be a full
grown lioness, dropped out of.ac-'
tion.   , Erasmus had scarcely had
time to realise the success ■ of his
aim   before  a 12 months old cub
sprang from' the bush to its mother's side.    Again Erasmus    flrod,
and the young beast likewise/bit
the dust.
Two lions slain inside a minute
was a fqut of ..which to be proud,
and young Erasmus was naturally
elated at his deed. After a pause
to reload his rifle lib was about to
procoed forward to investigate tho
extent of, the donkey's'injuries,
whon a third beast undauntedly
appeared on the scene trom " tho
scrubby region, No sooner did
this third intruder come into view
than tho young farmer' made a
target of it. This time the shot
hit its mark, but not with such
killing eil'ect as tho two previous
ones, and tho woundod boast limp-
-J off into tho bush.   Turnlnj-* his
,Siitiefaction I'linraiiteerl.
P. 0. Box 133
~       Cx> n t reictoirf     ^
Excavations" taken   out, etc-
All work guaranteed
Victoria Ave.
Fernie. B. C.
Reasonable   Rates*
.■.ox  Street
Phones 94' imd   147.    P. 0.  Bo.\ 4»jy
Pinkortons In Oolorrtdo
Dosplto tho fact that with tho
wwiHtauco of operatives Strong
nnd .Smith, tho Colorado Fuol &
Iron Co, , prevented their minors
from organising,' tho latter, novor-
thp'e-HN, manngod to maintain a
half }M3artorl, inncUvn union in tho
state, known officially ns District
Tho bravo (■truffirlo put, up "oy
the Woiitotn  FcdoritUou apparent*
tho Springs, taking the stand that
tho various unions in El Paso
county had alrsady piescntod their
yoarly agreement to , tho op-
orators of, that placo for thoir ratification, and that thoy had until
October lst to sign up, and that
this scale would abrogate tho El
Paso .minors' contract, and would
placo thorn in the position of repudiating their own contract, but
bill whicn would stand was
the eight hour bill passed by organised labor, by refusing to wont
longer. Ho also wont ovor the
Cripplo Crook situation, and pro-
dieted tho ultimata buccokh of tlie
strikors, and said ho hoped the U,
M'.W, of A. would got Kome concessions from tho operators, but
ho was afraid it would take a
strike to bring thoso samo operators to their st'iiseH, and that the
When operative Smith hoard thnt'-y     inHtllloil ft 'Utile eourngo into
Gohr was coming to Trinidad   to !tll(' Mnt hearts of the coal miners
"I II1 fr»V       1 * "H'H      l>nil'lli«Hnt\    *\l***'*i    '■""
nt nn^»'Ti'*ft AnV-linr" wWn'*hTwn*i I thorn in Pueblo, September, 1003,
working in the mines, nnd hurried 1 *•••■• i' ("Jutntid to i.u a unanimity 01 | was   opposed by all tho  lolepatos
ho was finally convinced that the I U.M.W. of A. had tho entiro fiym-
15th district was larger than El j pathy nnd moral support and
Puso county,, and that legislation 1 whatever .Tlinncml aid the State
at a district convention took i Federation could ffive. At tho
priority, over any local or mtb I conclusion of Sullivan's romarks,
district contracts or legislation, i a ronolution wn,j Introduced do-
Then John Gohr took a stand iniclaiing for a free 'Interchange of
opposition to the scale, saying tram-ier cards with all legal un*
the operators    would  never agree   ions, which at'tiT some dii.cuaaion
to It, as it, was as'.-tin-j* entirely too passed,
.   ,,.1 1   :.    . 1 i 1 " ' •   „ ,   ,
-'      '  *il»'J    ICiUiuUOU   CUIiU*.',illl>!l'.j       l».«
i strikn if wn t.rlt»rl to e-nrorr.,-. |r   TTi»
•rtbflt haute to Trinidad in order to i l*«rpoi.o to  do nomothiiig definite . except Jim Bitchio, with the atgu.
•horn h*- l-new wfll and ' *-° improve tho     conditions under I ment that it was not too much to
•meet, Gehr wh
on some plausible excuse ho honed
to wheedle out of the latter   what,
When 1 operative Smith mot
Gehr in Trinidad, the latter
which for bo mnny years thoy bad
been impressed and ground down.
TVetilar <>itori»:ti>.'l' «i"! •M-ov Mrcro 'n
Mr. ► thn plain. a»d a/Fairs of two Unitod
was ' Mino Workers of 'America, the Fuel
vory glad to nee him, and introduced op*ri*tive Strong to him as
Ills best friend. The two spies,
who had never met before, nddros.
ted enoh other a* brother and cor-
dln-lly  shook    hands neither   sum- ,  .-it-
pecMnr the identity, of the other. ! operative Smith attended the con
Their umotloin. mlif'i.t Lave    been >-T.Mon nr. a delegate from a nouth-
& Iron Co., and tho Pinkerton agency felt, thoy would bo .doing, injustice to themselves If they did
not participate In tho deliberations of tho convention. To ae-
coiiiplhh their benevolent purpohe,
unirovernable had they realised the
fraternal bond of scoundrelism
that connected them. The render
can itwxglne how eneeetuful a enm-
pnifjn   of   organlBution   could bo,
fin local, and assisted his brother
delegates ns best be could. True,
l,the convention was open; yet a report of the proce<»dln*'» by a Pinkerton operative was more desirable
when Piillterton opera^livee had the and reliable, In the opinion of the
nsk, and they -Utl not *.'a"*e if it
did cnuiic * 'Cf.cti*
rnlly brut tVn n<-<-i,».-,>,,v <■*>>• t fi.r.
Wationnl board would vmloixi it
and support them in1' case of a
strike, Gehr then -"aid ho as lSTn*
tionnl Board member, n,'id tho
proper one to place said '.ic.*...-.*,!
boforo tho National Ilo.'(.rd, would
not carry such a domnnd before
:iatd board, aa V.'j did not o'/.-.'.'-.ta
It a fair demand or entitled to
Mn. conridf.rati'on •}'. thn Nallon.il
Hoard, nnd did not thi*.'** ,vo'.fiod
one chnnce in one hundred in on-
forcinr; such a demand, even by
ntrikfng, and he d'.d • I *>•-'*.'••■ *.
strike anvway until we were more
thoroughly   organised.      'he f*««t
•"•nvc-mnr ■».••■■■ then tnWri x\f, r,m\
unanimously passed. Then the
grievance of the lockout men at
Itugky was taken up, anl after
some discussion thote was a resolution panned that tho district nivn
•n,,. „•,,,, nirin -1  ix:. 1      ...x.
.. Ij," J .    '      '    * ......       V*.   — *.4*4.>4 '.ii...*
delegato on his return home re.
t-uost his union to donate $0.00,
and an much moro an they can
spare to ro-imburse the district-
treasury, and that if moro than
9100 comns in from this call, the
excess is to be given to tho Rurb*/
union, The ennvassing board then
declared the following officer* el*
ecti-.d f(ji* tlu; t-nKU'iiK tx.xuv. National Executive Board Member,
James Kennedy: District Pre*Hcnt,
William Howells; District Vice-
President, Jame-, Graham; Discontinued en yttge. 0.
position over in his mind, Eras-
mus docidod to. await further possible action on tho part of his
known ehemy or others of tho st-o-
cios who had not so far vontufed
into sight... Accordingly ho halted
awhilo before advancing, keeping
woll on the alert. No developments
accruing, ho stepped off towards
where his two victims lay, when
ho espied tho wounded animal
making its.wny ,to tho Bamo ob-
There wan no doubt about Erasmus' next shot, nnd ho found that
ho had establishod the satisfactory i "■""
record of killing three lions with !
four bullets. PosHehsing himself
of the valuable ovidenco of hifi really remnrlrahlo exploit, Ernnmus
partook of his disturbed niorn!ri<r
monl, Inspanned in duo courso and
continued on his hnmewnrH loin*.
ney in leisurely fashion.—Trans*
.'»a2   .VeeU
Fit for a King
Fresh   Milk
Dcliv(!i*t*(l tu nil parts of Vhe town,'
Gorrie Bros.,  Props.
Tin' int'iili* • lint.-\ "ii buy
iriiiii 11*. nre lit for 11 kiny,
Wb st'll nu'hinif tluii lh
'    11* aT. tl'l* buHi, tliMtis \vli,\
wn Imvosdiii'iny plonBod
custiiintTB     Lot ,uh de-   ,
uiiiPBtitU) IhU Ima by 11  .'
trlii I,     Pol Ito   nitontlon
and prompt hitvloo.'
Calgary ..Cattle Co.
60  VKARfl
,   Anyonorendlnfj n tiltotflli ami donripihnwi«*j*
. „tout« tau«n tliriiufch Munh'A'i
. tpitmtwtttt, withoutciinrao, mil,)*)
old*/ iirniertnln pv» •■ ..,—_■ —
lien.(ii proh*(lilxpijie.vJBlllfti«fui''p«nleia..
, ,  .J'JflUCr.for#CCIIT.IlffJ»ft*.*Jll*f'«.
liTtiiulmi 11 proiKilily niueiiubU, -
llonimrlcll/i-otiiiilontriil. HAKBudpl
1011I (100. uiiUint iiufliicr.lor.nccnrri
I'utoiitt talton .trirnuirli Mmm ft
pitmtwtttt, without ciinrao, mil.)
SticiHific HmerM.
A lundeomcl;/ IlluntnU'xl wooM*/. latumX *u*
culatian of iiny loloniltio Journtu. 'i'-jrua ro»-
ImdwIii, la,,'. 11 yotr, po'idgo prepaid. 80U hr
nil ii'jivmjunlor*.,
ill '
**jr •
'"hree    yrnrc' n*-jn   our
sprained her ankle an^
d'HIfVltf ■
had been
suffering terribly for t*Jlro days and
two nights—had not Blent a minute. Mr. Stallings, of Dutlor, in
Tenneiee, told us of Chamberlains
Pain Balm, Wo wont to W10 Btora
that night and got a bottio of it
and bathed her ankle two or thro*
tiniBB and she went to sleep and
hnd a good nfght'o rest. Thu next
morning she was much better, and
in a fhort time could walk around
and had no more trouble with her
ankle. E. M, Brumltt, Hampton,
Tenn. 25 and BO cent sixes for
j sale by all druggists.
Notico is hereby given that 30
days after date X intend to apply
to tho Hon., Chief Commissioner
oi.i.ancji' ana Woikb (or a uconmu
tp prcuppct for coal ruul pctrolciiri,
on tho following lands situate in
tho district of southeast Kooton-
ay, British Columbia, bloclt 4503.
Commencing at a' post planted
at or near 5 miles east of 26 mile
post oi present C.lP.ll. survijy adjoining block 4503 on the west,'
and being, the S, W, corner pout
of Fred E, Goodall's claim, thonooi
south 80 • chains; thenco oast
80 chains; thence north 80 chains;
to point of commencement making
fMO acres moro or less.
Located this 3rd day of Decern*
ber, 1007
joining block 4503 on, the west,.
; and .being the S. W. comer post
!of Mrs. Mary E. Goodall claim*;
thenco north 80' chains; thence
oast 80 chains; thence south BO
chains; thence west 80 chains; to
0' nrilH* of cnrnwifTicement'. l'lnWnr*
046 acres more or less.
Located this 3rd day of Decern-,,
ber, 1007.
Harry Couillard.Witnts*
W, 13, Coates, -Jr. Agent
Mrs, Mary E, Goodall, Locator.
4-4 , , } . . .    ( , ,     .    '    I ,     1 , ,   t *
>V><J'...U.<44lV4.V£ J.V tt. J4.J-* ^4.V.«4.WW^.
at or near a point 1 mile east ot
the 25 mile, post of present CF,
II. survey adjoining blloek 4503
on thn west, and beining the S. E.
corner post of Leonard W, Baker
claim; thence north 80 chains;
thence west 80 chains; thence south
80   chains; thenco east 80 chain*
i to  a point of commencement mak-
Harry Couillard, Witness >•■**« cio «"*ie» "">*• or let.*..
W, E. Coated, Jr.   Agent j   Located   this    13th day of No-
Fred E. Goodall, Locator, ivembtr,  1007.
G. C. H. Coleman, Wltnes»
, ft
Commencing at a post planted i
at or near 5 miles east of 25 mile j
post of present C7.lt, survey ad-
W. E. Coates, Jr. Agent
Leonard' W. Baker, Loc*tor
-*■   ""
■ M-tt   ^..:.,...     *  **m-mn*.'.   •r*aT-t^^^.y!*r^..-'^M.JM
!*t".vj-j-*-4w' •fr.'-^^-v -t" ^^^^^^v^^^sii^*^}^^^
^^-^^ DISTRICT    LEDGEE,    iERNLE,   B. C, JUNE 13, 1908.
,,-*V'**'-''*-'r»-**''"'V**^ *44»8>^t»/*-^ty*. •V%-4*fJy*«V^%.1
This   corner
reserved for,*?■■
discussion jot-.g-
Be sure
■   :<~-.()      ;,'.-"'■;
tf All manuscript must-be type-written
and  signed, by the   writer,  not  for
^publication, but-a* a *ii£ttert of goo J
Sfaiih. •'^iUarticles'must.'o'f.-course be
- -
;|ence must be
-v"i4ft.'»'Vi,--i'.*sJs-^-vv,^'^^r^:iJ,w-v.-u. a
of industry     been     a-oamplishsd,
capitalism becomemadequate, will
the1, ■5capitklfst'.*"system :o£,. society
. 'ILTo siiiii if'all u'p""in"a sentence— •'•have' Served ■ ifs --function.   And ...in
the Socialist|is out to: get .more of [-the"social, aSfWell^a'p-the .biologi-
tthe gopd^tiiings of :liie.' There*-' isTcalVwbrl'd, the' organ'and system,
■ nothing-visionary  or' Utopian''' in .: that has become • superfluous, that
• that,    xtfe ,want toj state the facts,'-! no   longer, |.functions, , atrophies—
.so we .will" use no abstract phrases ! dies of itself.  "Vi  "■   • '. '"      "•
, such: as justice, liberty
;',We  want  everybody
Soc'ialist - is not .a.prophet
or religion. |"   m.„
to-.be- able ;whb' -s'eeks"*to". check ■ or!turn the
to understand what we want,, so -current according to his.-percon-
we shall use no word' that has a ■ ceived ideas. But he sees the dir-
hundred meanings. There are too':ection of the current. He sees the
many. kinds, of justice. -John D. 'constant improvement in machin-
Rockefeller-.<'belieyes" in it,- andljfj'Jery, 'in' .the methods 'of/production;
' is almost as'pop'iilar in the R'obse- ('he sees the, middleman fenocked^off
velt   vocabulary    as'   The Square "■ - '      " '—
Deal.   For a,score of years    every
politician or large employer of la
bor who' didn't-want to promise
the workers anything definite offered th'em'-justice?''--iV;V-*.":.-X   X"' -"
'.Like liberty, justice is a capital-
istically manufactured ' word and
■It "is as elastic.,as, a-Wall street
•conscience.* That,'.is -why the Sp:
■cialist has':ceased'to demand' it.'He
knows what he wants and he is
-not going, to .confuse' anybody.- by
"using terms that need modification or explanation. ,   -
' He wants more of- the good
-things ot life. Even a .college professor, ought'to be-able to understand th'at.'•.-'    ■   ■ ,     , •'   - '•    ".•-■■■
the ' fence into the ranks of .the
workman. He ,'sees the continued
growth of working class solidarity and' ever aiid always he see's
the silent, steady, inevitable, in-,
vincible.current, of combination.
' 'The'So'eialist-feji-iicaV-becaUse the
scientific.evolutionary development
of society is the way leading to
the, hope and salvation",, of the
working class';-   -■■
Is there any reason why the Socialist should be discouraged? I
| know of.. none. When men work
I along natural and scientific lines
j they cannot ' go down to defeat.
I All roads-lead, to .Socialism. Every
I body is ' helping, the work along,
| those whose cry, is capitalism as
'those who  work" toward
„ . ... ...   , well    as .those who
'   He   u not    posing,.as a public . collectivism,--'. because' collectivism',
•benetactor.-. He . is^not trying toj is th<, chi]d o£ capilialisii-:.     ""
i    The   Socialist    is    steering   his
"elevate the lower element''    nor*
- to convert the capitalist. He. is   a
more reliable fellow. .'We\, can
. count on' him; We know what he
will do' because he is actuated-by
the'only, sure stimulus—the :only
cause that-never,fails., He is mov-
•edbyvself interest.
"■ He wants more* of the good
' things of life—for himself, for his
■ ■children, his wife, his motiher, and
his co-workers. " ' .,   ,
' When- a workman ,asks you what
the Socialists-are driving at there
:'is no better answer to',give ■ than
this..'He will believe you.-If-" you
■>3ia'ye,',. not,time>.to talk.,to.him,
liand"   him   a   Socialist -book or
, paper.,-=,. The-seed will fall.,on fer-
. tile soil. „     " ;■ ■
bark .with the current. His work
is to clear the brush and dredge
the river and let the ■ current rush
unimpeded. He knows that some
day he shall arrive at the safe
harbor, because nothing can last
long against the'current.
If  Socialism is' false  and perni-
0cious,    if   it.'is an evil thing.,', as
you all for"our Jim's'salteV'We'are'j 1       "     . ' '"'    ""' *«<*-**—---* ■ '•*• " ■ |
too far away to put flowers on his;. 1. Made from Pare Grape Cream ol Tartar J
grave.  '"x:gaiHr^r;thi'nlr'you'all,tP /\j^» ■>   >•*. .«_-: 1
dear comrades and miners, braye
men that you are, going into the
heart of-that* awful mountain,Sfar
from the flight of day: to" eke'out;
an existence, and tb ;-.make --profits
for the tew men or vultures-*-,'-who
make a -fat., living out'of./ybur'
earnings" and"lives, for'the' sake of-
.the memory:' of our murdered- vie-!
tiins for V irpfit. t. Y o.u who.; still
take your 'JaXtijl' in your hands^.-each
time you/g^S^nt'o those'* mines,"to
you I-plead^lo'-r-thf/sake -;bf .your'
own"dea'r'^ biw'f. yo^/'ow-q;* m.ojh-y
ers, yourVown wives'.-.'^,andjlit*cle'
ones,"for the sakefof.the. parents,!
.widows . aRiljrph^ns'XQf^burwniur-,'
dered ones,-for tlie;sake'.o^human-,
ity, thss^rushed, thejibVuised,'vthe;
maimed, the •orokeh'v^Soar.ted. ;'Jor:
the'sake of the litUe''.C4^dren..whcl
are put to work almost Irom -their,
cradles ~aft"a~ve^^^^
innocents who vary soon fill early
graves, for' the*-- sake of all this
and- much -more';be true to yourselves. Hasten Socialism, the savior of the toiler,.'.the^saviprvof^the
world',- be class Conscious7ior"'ybur
own' class, vote for .your 'own
class. Vote' for truth and justice
and freedom, fon yourselves and
your own dear ones,',then|you will
not, have, to work so hai'd. Then
you will nover have to work in
any' mines until .they- are made
quite safe for you.' My husband
and I are growing old. We. have
worked all our lives and- are still
working, must work and every
year it is'g.ettino- harder, ior us as
well' as' all toilers and oi the unemployed, worse still so many hungry, so many starving.  Oh, shame,
shame, shame, that it should    be
so,  when there is„p.lenty on   this
bountiful.earth for all.    And it is
the worker who produces all,  and
still   hungry," still   jobless, .   .still
homeless,    still"     wanderers, ' still
"miserable, r helpless   slaves, !Oh- let
us help to end.it comrades,-broth-.
ers, wives, sisters, mothers. Let-us
all work to end it.   Let us stand
shoulder to  shoulder in,- our great
cause   for freedom,   for Socialism,"
the brotherhood of man, the fatherhood  of  God; hasten it,  let my
dear husband and me live  to  see
it'.before   we leave this beautiful
earth".'"L~e't"u's see'a great joy,,the
freedom of the worker:   We   Jiave
had so much sorrow ourselves, so
much    -toil, ■   let     me     tell   ' iny
murdered Jim,    when I meet; him
hi   the world beyond it is  come,
the freedom-and redemption of the
world, Socialism.   My    heart goes
out  to  you - comrades  and miners
of Fernie.,   God-bless you,all and
your    dear , ones.   • your comrade
for' the revolution,
Club   Cigar
Store -T-
ihe, only n-Ti-ijile place in
town-when yo;* require' .iny--
thing in, Tobaccos, Cigars,
or Cigiinsl.les...    •'-.,.    .-';;-• :j
A. 'INGRAM/'Hr*jp.','
"Eoosevelt tells us.it is; if it "is in
error,' as-Taft"' and-Byran-'and a
host-'of others' assure "u's;j why do
'you not reply to us'and crush -us
with'your logic? *■     '<'■'-
' Here are some' questions- aw'ait-
-ingJahT.answ_er_JErom.-thbse^who' are
warning against the;weakness   or
SOCIALISM I wickedness■* of Socialism.   ,.-'.",'...
'' Is''it'not true'ttiat there''is land
enough to" raise all the food that
'can   be. eaten?   Is    there any, lack
of. boards and brioks • and'iron and
glass with which, to make all-the
'nouses -that: could  be   -lived     in?
Cannot,a sufficient supply of wool
In' renominating Debs.
and "Hansford, their ticket'ot' 1894,,-the Sor
cialiS-t--Cony_ention_in_J3hicago 4 last
iWith^cbngres's/tm-ning a deaf . ear
'iHdSj^-ial system demoralised .'.by
the.' t'frenzied . fiuanciers, with the
open shop fanatics declaring- war
all along _ the line 'upon those
workers- who dare to.' organise..for
mutual'-'prbtectionj and .with" several, other1, minor-problems,, confronting i-the labor" class, it is beyond comprehension how- any
"tnoughtful workingman can. cast a
vote for either old party,-and thus
write himself - down as'being satisfied with the conditions that in- j
jure and oppress hin-..
Dsbs and'Haiiford ought to poll
at least a million votes!    , '
A million' Socialist-votes would
throw the fear ot God . into . the
hearts of every pleutocratic tyrant
and trust oppressor in .the United
States! .* ,-■<-,',
A million Socialist votes would
mean the striking of a blow^-.'that
would be heard'around ,th'e" world!'
A million'Socialist votes would
cause the old dry bones.at Washington to.rattle as they have not
rattled since the election ,of Lincoln. . i .
A million Socialist' votes would
start the wheels of Congress aiid
.state, . legislatures revolving to
grind-, out soncessions in fear and
dread that two million might follow at tho next,election!
A million Socialist votes would
mean the/modification' of the__in-
junction evil "voluntarily'' by'the
judicial usurpers who , are in contempt of the people!   •■> .
A million Socialist votes would
sound as the thunderous roar oi
an awakening working ■ class to
the' ears of the Parrys and
Posts and Van Cleaves, and compel them to scurry for., cover to
avoid retributive lightning!
,! A million Socialist votes would
blanch the cheeks of every I inker-
ton thug and Hessian hireling and
pronounce the, doom ofthe strike
breaking industry.
-A million,Socialist votes would
make* the'working' class conscious
cof  -its owntstrength and virility,
and   would "send the. sunshine   -of
hope into' every! hovel;-and sweating hell in the (land.   ' ,   __
A million Socialist "votes would
X  ;      -,    v^—,—;-    "J
You want comfort ands^USaction J
of clean spiooth shavest* |every«
morning:""7".t"*j?~}\i- •••-'"?::**f*'/.' '"   \
Fort Steele
Fcniic.   K.  C.
Brewers" of  Extni
,   .   .  .-ind   Aer.tted
Bottlod    Goods     a
Fine' 1-iger"   ;
6 aTOgftetic is'ftie only
4t$^priONAULY rrjS
aUARANTBIi.pj^gtve.this. [JJ. .
The Carbo.,
I razor   UNQ
The secret Electric 1 empering
positively mefges.evcry particle of carbap ,(the life of
stee!) in*o the mecal—glving
diamond-like hardness
throughout tjio'j5)"ade-«'somo-
thing absolutely impossible
with fire temparod steel used
In making all otlier razors.
But tast'this.razor   in your
own home—or have your barber
use it on you.    Securs ons.30
J: D. QUAIL,-Agent, Fernie.
V The l-est do'lur n,duv \\o\XnQ in Hn.--»ity, t.-
•**.-, - -* *      V
,♦*» Uqui.r.-. aji.i C.ige ^■.^o^ the itasi-iiiiiiltity
*•*.-..    •   ■     ".Veil stocktiUjwr...  „.»,"-,
_% Dining sooin in oh.;r^ oX-i1. f'^Milkr,***
'♦ ... -,• -*i» '^
♦!•       .   Only Avliitb kelp dmrjoy
Phillip, Carosella
»'i[       ,
Dry. Goods, Groceries, Boob aad Shoes,
•;   ...Gent'sfurnishings- '  /
braw6h at HoswEn; c. c.
BlULIARD  TABLE  ■    .  \
Ifstablishcd ■   -
u       Forhj Years
Send for Qfict/oyue
102 S* 104,   . »
■Ad-siaide St..w; v
WINE* ^^.'.^td.   ,':-.
Imporier» of
..scotch and ',,,.,   . ...
..,.,',irish whiskey,; ";; ,,. ■  -
,' " "london diiy    ,. ,. .„
'. _,-old.;tom ,,,  .'.,'.,.,.,."     .;:•
and/holland-gin ,,.    .
',   POMMERY v      '     ,'4    ,      ,,'
".'.'   .CHAkPAGNE, ''.,'-..
"„    SCHLITZ BEER,' '",     ■..',-'■
1  ,,'. ALE* AND STOUT,
S,->!c  .-i^ifiits in' Ivist lu>ir,.eiiay for
V "    '"''   "'"A!'KI. '   '. '
*. ' By Mary E
{   The  Socialist  is'aj.   reader,- * a
tliiiiker "and a' worker."As he
. reads'he,learns , to lmow,,!..the .inter-
',relation,of the-forces at work    in
;the world.   He-'regards social'phe--, and cotton and linen* be produced
.;«omena in the? light of his broad ,,to make all .the clothes that can be
ening knowledge,   and  finds  more ,, .worn. -,i,.   .,■-,■     -.'--,;-.;■,   -,.    ,'
■ and. nidre-'to 'hope' a'n;d''rejbice and j, *. Are there' not'! workers    enough
.be.glad over. ', ■ ,    ..'.,..•-.',    j to produce all these tkings? ■
, ^..Tiie-Socialist .is^.not- a-man who -'-Are-there' not"   millions of- men
is .trying    .to run up hill..., Ho is-and ■• women*   who ""do not     have
.not "..trying, to  change  human na-   enough to eat or to wear, or a de-
ture,' nor is;'he,{proposing *cb'. work.,cont'placo'in which to live?
out. a plWforia-'.future''perfect' so-      Are there   not millions ■ of'   un-
' ciety,. which he hopes to persuade   employed persons who  are willing
his fellow workmen to adopt. He   and,abie   to ■-prodixe    the. things
is   not     seeking to -alter natural   that tkese men and women need?
.laws.     Were; these liis     aims    he ' Would they.not willingly produce
•would find every day-in tho year,   these things if they could get    to
•upon   '.either,, hjind and, in every   the raw materials from which they
country upon„th6l globe signs and  aro   „pi.0duced and the machinery
tendencies that would-fill him with  wjth which to work? ,
11" vou liavii oci-usion in- *-.bi.d i.,oi,ev"Uu-ou,nl. the 'in.uN litUe out :i
Money/Order Iron)'iliis Ivnik.'' A lew ct.nl>- will cover .I he cost of
ivjii.-lrinion, accorJin.i; io the amount to hi. j-enl, iiod you may lie
.-.ahsoiutely kljiv. of ihe remittJi"nc<= rciichin^ the proper parly. The
Honn"' Bank iranMnils money, hy order, noi only lo points iri Canada
when' there is a Home Bank Office, but lo every part in [lie Dominion '
where '.here is a bank opei-inny under Government Clianer. 'Letters
of Credit and Drafts issued to foreign  parts of the world.
5Scad Office    TORO-NX-O    8 Kingr St. w.
Feranic   Bras.ichL-
W.- C. B.  HANSON       , Manager
•:• ♦:•
•;•,    ■  • ■.   The -.- A*
X* '                , . Y
I Fernie Lumber !
«.-.■•■    ■      ■■ ••>
I     " Co., Ltd. : |
•j* ALEX. McDOUGALL, Pres. & Gen, Mgi. :>
X I'fli-tc-i'-n-'^^ *
*t* e-L*mmem*t-BmmtLmmmmmmmt\\t\m .teaenem--*-*me--*iammm
:•:•    ■   ■     ■■ •
,:, -       II jri'jEscmrc'i'M (iCnmi
•i1 .Healers in
liousrh & Dressed Lumber
I  !
-.doubt and   discouragement     and
•despair. •     •    ■   >
If ovary man and woman in the
United' States were a Socialist
and the program oi Socialism
proposed to' stem the Mississippi,
tho ballot would be about as of-
Are these .would be workers not
prevented.from'gutting to the raw
material and the machines by the
iact that these things are privately owned?
If tho working class collectively
«   a,    i        n   j.     » -rrj  j owned tho materials  and the ma-
fectual as Seed's of Kindnoss on a "u*  „„   » „i^ +t,«, ,,„+ ,,o„ ••"„»„, *-„
..„•..]iol.    „4,«j    tj 4.1,4. o «j„ii-4. chinos,.could they not use tnom to
capitalistic road.   If the Socialist .....J..L. ..,M. 'im  „,,  fn nvn
produce wealth till all wants are
Do not those who  do the work
of tho world, combined with those
who are shut out from the oppor-
tunity to work and live, have    a
But the Socialist is doing nono   majority of tho votes?   Can   they
proposed anything of this kind he
would bo a doubter, a pessimist,
and ultimate, failure. An unnatural system of society can nover
be forced or voted into existence.
week pursued a ' wise course.' Eiir
gene V. Debs and his service's to
the ■ American labor- movement aire
too weU-known to require, exten;
sive comment. He was the first to
feel the iron heel of a capitalised1
judiciary' and has been'marked,by
capitalism ever,since. 'It will be
recalled that Debs' imprisonment
in Woodstock jail, for daring ■ to
disobey a court injunction and defiantly continuing to direct the A.
R.U.1 strike injected the injunction
as a live issue in the campaign of
1896. ::    ,■*       ....'.
Since the literary bureau ol secretary Taft points to tho fact with
pride that' the latter, who was, a
federal, judge in Cincinnati, rendered a decision in' the Phelan case
that formed the,basis of opinion
of the United States; supreme
court when that body decidod the
Deps case unfavorably to the ■ appellant, it will be seen that'Debs
willn be able to confront, the, individual , who forged an important
link in tne chain designed to drag
the working class into a condition
of wage slabery or modern feudalism, provided that Mr. Taft secures the Republican nomination
for presidency.    •   ,
If the convention shall be stampeded for Roosevelt, which is not
an impossibility, then tho man
with tho stuffed club will have before him an "undesirable citizen"
whom he can belabor to his
heart's content—and quite likely
receive a few blows in return. '
him; the said candidate, * to give bid to
persons, injured in ,coal.mining operations.        ,'..', ,   .
By  order of the board. ».
____._;/ FRAN CIS H. SHEPHERD,   '
„,_-„-,~—~.. ,    ., ■        ggjjlgjjjjy^
soundTlie tocsin'Tftaty'tlie-working
class had repudiated'the Pharaon
of. capitalism and was preparing
to march' into the promised land
'of the co-operative commonwealth
where there will, be no economic
injustice, suffering,, and sorrow but
where equal ■ rights and opportunities .will- be the order and, the,bro-
therhood-of man'practically , applied. "".
Every working -man who has
heretofore voted with the old* parties should study the" present economic conditions,-,'his party principles and leaders, and,the probable developments of the future
before he decides definitely how to
vote this year,10 ' • - ■
j" Unfortunately labor has "thrown
away," .,its vote too,long and is
now reaping- the consequences,
Biit lost ground cdn,|yet be recovered, although in no other manner thanoy rolling up. at least a
million votes for „Debs and • Han-
ford,—Cleveland Citizen.
Uridjre Timber *>
Dimension ,&
.Piling,  Moulding;, Laths. ♦>
i       v
Shingles  and ' Ties. ■•>
-.  -  ■♦
, l   am    . .*»
i Telephone Poles a Specialty :J
of those tilings.   Ho seos the trend  not UB0 thiB majority to capture
■ Mr. Joseph Arsnault resides
Cascumpec, P.E.I.,.,:,and says.:—
"About five, months ' ago sores
broke' out on my. body. . They
came'ih'the form of small pimples
which discharged. These '■» sores
would grow until they got as large
as a" nickel. I used carbolic, salve
without effect.'' I; saw Zam-Buk
advertised" in the papers "and ^secured some, and dally application
of this healing balm for one week
effected a permanent cure. Since
then I. have recommended Zain-
Buk'to my brother for boils on
his knee, and als'o 'used it again
myself, for a poisoned' finger, in
both cases with marvellous , results, I cannot recommend Zam-
Buk too highly."
Zam-Buk, the great skin "healer,
can be obtained at any-drug or
general store for 50c.  a box, •   or
postpaid  from
Zam-Buk  Co.
of economic and industrial affairs,
HorlboholdB the growth and development   of production  that  must
result in, the ultimate downfall of
capitalism,, And,.he realises, that
all- things •■ that-' tqnd; toward tho
development' of    cnpltalUm    are
upe-eding     tho     drty    'when    tho
present system of socioty shall faU
to ,tho earth of its own weight, to
give    weight   to    ltd -logical off-
, sp^insy,    industrial  nnd   economic
'•' co-operation. '        •    ' ' ' t     '    '
Ho is not Booking to stem   tho
current, but he is removing    the
•brush from, tha, 1 owl and« that the
rivor may have a speedior courso onos,an8wo»;.!ft>jdVoxpo8o the oyi
mid flow the faster on its way. , .M»d fallacies of Socialist ..pfrttqf.
''■''TKo^o-irairsV'lv-n^s'tl'iat '  not  P^^Vi'. *W»v./i*<''.
the government? When they have
captured it, cannot thoy use it as
thoir agont to hold the titles to
tho things with which goods are
Is it not to the' interest of this
majority to do this? Aro they not
going' to be forced to take such
action by tho inevitable trend of
social events?
These are plain, simple questions
and if thoy can bo answored iri the
nogative thon Socialism can be
proven falso and foolish,
Why* do not •' some of the wise
•until capitalism has ran its cour*o
■and served Its.purpoM ijv.the ovo- •
lution of spcioty, can'a co-opok-a*',,
ti*,iM**(t«^1iQf prove a possibility, i.-i
i.   .The.co-operative commonvl■'^aU■ft11,Ju,.\lj'.'l^V^OpS•.,     ,.■„
*'*'■ tould  not    havo been bdrn   flfty     To the seerotary,. of'tho-Socialist
years ago,   Tho. good time a-com-, party of Pernio, Brltifih.Columbia,
■ 1W.»#W.IW**V»*WJve until tho com-  from Mr«.-,Hugh.Dixon./
>. pctiiay^.tayiatuui, of, jiioaiKiion tux*  ,, Uear Cojnrade-»Xo. you 1 write,
Vipn Inlrt on +hr> nhcl*.   Tblr, it*, thr   a,.d i}4.■„«.■,  vtn.''l wl:,h to reach
•' Unction of tho trust from the So-"ft„d to thank' bur 'SoVlalUt com-
claHnts' ylowpplnt,.• Ha, sees     tho.rftdeB.nnd tho'miners of-Ferriie, to
, Standard Oil Company controilod, git^.them in tho'-nanw'of-my hus*
, by Itockofollor,'5 gatbor,ln« unto it-, band, and my'seliv" qur hetiVty   and
, nrf't, pe.rfpcl[lnjj)i.i centralising, sy^-. flincCro -tlianlts   .for.lcooplng that
^n-.j.,.',,,,   j.'Itf,:^ ..^.'.1^.. s>;   Vwii   i(j,\,ai uay,"i4Ai»tt oi/K'tx'j., su »*.»«iu-
, "worjflx* IWply ot oll; lM **'* '.',w* ory to decora'to those lonely graves
, Hman >«eomln^ (lord oyer a ny»* on the mountKln ' side with
, teni' of railways extending across } flow*rii. Our dear murdered vie*
the continent, cgmbinatlon heeom- - tjms for profit had been' comrades
ing thfc -watchword of hi** busln* , aTtd mlnera of Fcrnlc. It warms
. ens, And the HociaHut in K''*.d he. i ,„y jieftrt to you and comforts us j
• came   he •mdwrtatand*. that friend j to know that vou- have not for-'
On the othor hand Debs Is a
greator orator,, than Bryan, who.
will in all probability bo tho Democratic nominee. Moreover, Debs
talks sense, something with moat
in it, something that can bo un-
uerstood, while Mr. Bryan rattles
off an endless chain of words, and
without rhymo or roason, until
those who follow him aro as con*
fusod as he is,
Mr. Bryan stood' for free silver
and against injunctions in 1890
and forgot, about it in 1007, and
it iu ditllcult to learn what principle or policy, if any, ho will advocate this yoar. Evorybody aro
agreod that Mr, Bryan has become
quito, Banc,, «ui,d,hi», uncpntrollablo,
^U-conBumlng 4e.<H.re iB.to become
•Ben Hanford,- Dobs'., running
mate, is also too well'known In
ttT-iilabofTclrclesto n«d an Introduction. His long and faithful services is the organised labor move-
merit in general and tho Typographical union In particular,     have
The II,C, lia/,i;tlo tiays:. That cxunilna-
LiuiiH Mill lio hold fur Ih'Ht, second und
third cliiKfl corlllicrttos of competency
under tlrV proviiiloo.i of the "Coal Mines
Kogulatlon Act," nt Niinalmo, Fernio
and Ciimuoriitnci, on June IU, 17 and IM,
11108, und (or tha sorond and third clau.-i
cortllknlOH o( compauncy ut Contlco, on
.liinu 1(1 and 17, 1U08, commencing at
nlno o'clock In the forenoon,
Tho Hun'octs will ho as followe!
First Cluss 'Candidate*.—
HtlnliiK act' ami miet'lnl rtilon.
Mino (fUHUH,     '
licneial work,
.Mlmi inaclilncry,
Scciind Clnsii t'nndMiiton—
MIiiIiik act ami Hjicclnl rulon,
Mino i;n80H.
Cionorul work,
Third C|aH« t'nnill'totei—
.Mining net nml mioclal mlon,
Jlluo Kiivvn nml f*>inQral work.
vMPl'lU'iiU1*}*. i'1'JWj M "■i,,(',°,,t0 .l,,° .""*
Ooi'DlKneil not Inter ti)iin...Ti'i|/(j .'■l.'i'Jbh,.'
ncootnpnnlail hy llic ntntutory foe as fol*
low*,* • i-    '•!•  >.   . ■
Tly Aun|ipllciHit for  I-*ir*at  Clnu  V.%.
nnriiintinn. tcnilnllirn,
Hy  an n)>pllc«nt lor Sorond t'luin   l-'.v
nnilnntlon, tnn ilollirn, -  ■ •
I    Hy nn Appl'Mii' rcr Third rinni   ' Vx*
I nmlrtntlnn, flw ilollnn,.
Estevan, Sask., June 11—Yesterday at'tornoon while tho fourteen-
month? old baby of. Mrs, Sheard
was playing on the sidewolk ho fell
| off into a pool of water and was
 o ■—•—
It is a mistake to allow rheumatism to become chronic, as tho
pain can always be roliovod, and
in most cases a cure effected by
applying Chamberlain'h Fain Balm
The relief from pain which it affords is alone wortli many times
Its cost. It makes sleep and rest
possible. ' Even in cases of long
standing this linimont should be
used on account of the relief which
it affords, 26 and 50 cent sizes
for sale by all druggists.
Tin- Application:* .nun* *->» nccoiiipiHilw!
by    ic«tllinonli*il» ■ nnd    flvlilom*  ntntlni* H<,h
that: -       •       , _
clothod him with peculiar fitness i
nl'   »,"    npVnHfH ■ cbftmTilrm-of *th« '
working class.   Fow    men on the]
puuiic piatloim in ytxo -.nyiinh , mi it u laimn',!,^ .'ur dim ''.i,it.» t(i,u
speaking world are his superiors | lio'U «'lirltuii .ui.Jmi ami tliaf h.i hue
as an"orllt'cfr,, •ftnd"fi*ohe' are better l nt Innit flvi» yoar*' ixpcrience in or ato'i*
thinkers. It will bo woll worth I the prtctleni wmk o( e. rota mine, and
making a comparison between the 11* nt lemut twoiity-ilv* yenm. of ege.
money-*-mr*s or "fat-fryers" who : ihx M n r'nt,ilhi,«e for Sivnnrl 0l««**
will be nominatod ior second place a,,*, |m |,nu liml nt l<*.i*t fl<«> :-nr»' ex*
by tho old parties and this stal* i piTi/nr* In' or nlmnt tho j,mrtlcal vork*
vrtxrt labor warrior. < inir of a coal niiim
Looking    at the political sltua*     <e.)   if n    mndi'lnte for Third Clm«,
tion from any vjev/point thn So* i ttuit   Im hn* li.i.i »t J#n»t thre* yeere'
clali^t   party   ought to 8Cort>      a   ox^nrloin*   In nr     a.iout  tlin  I'ini'tlral
wonderful   increase   in   its votinj , worklnB^of n ro.il mln«,
and^foe alike are working, aidlnjr. j potteii that "awful time that   "be-; *Uc»vBtV* thu >'*"• m    A tm..||*lai<> for tt -erUiic.to of
hBiteninr* tha eo-operatlve society j reaved me of my darHn-* son, and      At notlme in the country a his- < coiii|»'t*ncy «« mnnauer, ov-rman, -.hlft-
of tlvti futui'i*.   .       i a» I feel, so must all the rest    oi ■ tol'y ^u;' '•'•'joi' found lUelf lu    &.ju»... iir«.|M,»», or i-iiuU,Miii«r, ii.ali   *,.r«>.
KTot until the whole world Im   the mournijra of that day feel fori1"0" '-'"■-■•'•'ftl period.. d-ir* a certifimto irom a duly .innliflci
*h**n   madt>   one   country   In ,tho'thoir d*>nr ones that arf laid     in'    What   with    the courts heitpinj ' moilr*,! praetltlon-r ihnwlm* th«t t* ha«
name of trade,, tho centraKtation   their  lonely     graves.   God   bleu  burdens   upon the workers' back,   'a«-fi « roir»« (n ambulanc* vrar'i flttlnf*
' Notico is'hoteby •jH'eti' that 30
days after date I intend to "apply to tho Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for a license to prospect for coal and
potroloum on tho following des*
cribed lands situated in tho Flaty
head Hlock 4503. district of south
east Kootenay, province -of Brlt-
Commencing at a post sltuat-
at    tho   novtu ,e-*t eonwi" Qt
1008, 'avoup 1,
thence east flO chains,
thence north flO chains,
thenco west 80 chains,
then**'*, south 80 chains,
the    plnce o{ commencement,
containing 040 acros more or less.
Dated this 15th day of April, 1008
Cus Beckett, Locator.
D. A. Cate, Witness
R. McGregor, Agent.
2 Commencing at a post situat*
ed at or neiu the south ea*.t corner of lot 1008, group I,
, tUen.*e cant 50 f.in.ni,
thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains,
thence south 30 chains,
to • the    place  of commencement,
containing 6*40 acres more or less,   k
Dated this 15th day of April, 1908
,, *>'-'  !,>-•• aD. A. "Cate, Locator.
D, A. Cate,    Agent.
R. McGregor, Witness
ed one mile east' of the' south east
corner, of.lot 1908,  group 1    and
at the south east corner of D. A.
Cate's claim, '* ".    ,-
thence east 80 chains','   ,'
' thence north 80 chains,'   "
,    . theiice west',80'chains,   ,
,.- ,. .thence south 80 chains, ,.. ,*•
to    the    place; of commencement,
containing 640 acres 'more or less.
Dated this 15th day of April,'1908
Agness,Anderson, Locator
D. A. Cate,'   Agent,
" ' R. McGregor, Witness
4 Commencing at a post situated at the south east' corner of lot
8363, group 1, '•'
..thence south 80 chains,-
thence west 80 chains, : ,1
thence .north,' 80 chains,
thenco east 80 chains,   *■
to    the'    place ■ of commencement,
containing Q40acres more :or ,lass.
Dated this 16th day of April, 1908
It. McGregor, Locator.
D, A, Cato,    Agent,
R. McGregor, Witness
5 Commencing at a post situato-
ed one mile east of the south east
comer of lot 8363,
•*       thenco south 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains,
thonce.north 80 chains,   .
thenco west 80 chains,
to o-the    place of commencement,
Being bounded on east by license
claim of    John Anderson, on tho
north by Eliza Good's claim,   on
West by, H, Hughe's claim, on the
south by Neil McQuarrie claim,
containing 640 acres moro or- less.
Dated this 16th day of April, 1008
B, K, Bullock, Locator,
D, A. Cate,    Agent.
R, McGregor, Witness
0 Commencing at a post situated ono milo south of tho soutlioaBt
cornor   of   lot    8363 and at tho
south east corner of R. McGregor
claim.   It   being bounded on tho
oast by Katherine Good's claim,
thence south 80 chains,
thonco wost 80 chains,
thenco north 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains,
to    the    placo of commencement,
•ontainlng 640 acres moro or loss,
Dated this 10tli day of April, 1008
J. Cramp,  Locator,
D. A. Cate,    Agent,
R. McGregor, Witness
V- All Orders Promptly "Attended
to"    -'      '
y -■■' -    -.* ■     .     .5
*•' Tel. 3 . .... .Fernie,. B. C. ♦
V -' :.,::*  tl ' ,."..$
FERNIE, 2314—Pros.,. J. T. Piick-
ey; Fin. Sec, Thos..Biggs..
HOSMER,<■'   2494— Pres. *; G.
Oole; Sec. Wm. N; Reid.,   ,,
7 Commencing at a po'.t situated two 'miler'flouth of the south
east corner of lot 8303'and, at th*
south east corner of J. Cramp'*)
thence south ("JO ohal'Vii
thence'west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains,
thence en it RO chains,
to    the    placo of commencement,
conC.,....!.!*, ii-iii rtCit- iuo.0 ot iettii,
Dated this 16th day of April, 100fJ
D. F. Hughes, Locator,
| D. A. Cate,    Agent,
|. R. McGregor, WitncM
I    fl Cnmm-*-ncin!* nt n post situated two miles south and  ono milo
MICHEL, 2334—Prei., '.'ai. DoUg-
las, Sec, Charles ■ Garner.  ■.      >
COLEMAN,    2633—Pres.,     Henry
Smith,,Sec., Win , Gtaltdin,
FRANK, 1263—Pres., Fred Allott;
Sec, Giiorge Nichols.
LILLE, 1233—Pres'., T. Evana;
Sec, A; W.'May. \   \
BELLEVUE, 431—Pres., F..Lewis;
Sec, Fred.Chappell.
IIILLCREST, 1058—Pres., Robert
Livett; Vice-PresM J. Lagace;
Soci Harry T. Cooper   ' ■■ '
LUNDBRECK, 2275—Pros!     Hert-
chel Kayo; Sec, Geo Thos. Wright.
WOODPECKER, 2200—Pres., . W.
R. Hughes; Sec, John Fletcher.
MORRINVILLE, 2378—Pres., C.
H. Richardson; Sec, J, Matheson. ,,
Sec, T, Entwittle.
CANMORE,   1387-*-Pres.     A.     J.
Thomas; Sec James Clynor,
BANKHEAD, 29-Pros., Wm,
Fisher; Sec, F. Dyson.
TABER, 102-Pres., T. Boyle;
Sec, Wm, Murdock,
LETHBRIDGE, 674—Pros. B. G.
Hamilton*, Sec, Charles Peacock,
TABER, 135W—Pros., Alt. Roberts; Sec.,,Robert Doodson.
CITY MINES, 2240, Edmonton—
Pros,, T. James;.
STRATHCONA, 2248—Pres,, Job*
Saint; Sec, Jas. Poole,
Stratheona-'Pres., Jas. Cherl*
er; Sec, Nell Me Cormlek.
BUSH MINES, 26SS, Edmonton-
pros., Chas. L, Bryce; Sec,
MERRITT-Pres,     Frank     Steel,
Bee Thomas Calvert.
"EDMONTON, 2540—Pree., Ja W.
Edmondson; Vice Pres., Robwt
Brown; Fin. Sec, Thos. Blrek;
Tteeordinf* Bee, J. MoDavitt.
•PrcMrtfti'*!-  rind tifrretarUa whose
names do not appear on this Hit
are requested, to forward them te
; this omee for {n»*rtlon.
east   of the south   east corner
the Katherine Good claim,
• thence south 80 chains,
thenco east 80 chains,
thence north 80 chnins,
thenre west 80 chains,
|    Continued Inqnlrieii reach ue fer
' the foreroir.e* informatle*.
i    30 days after date I Intend   to
! apply     to   the superintendent of
to    t!*«    •,.la»<J of <*onin'.',n'*«m'*>nt,' prnvfncfnl   \,o\lr*     tor n retail H*
i containlner 040 acres more or lesi,; q»or license «t Michel.
'Hat-ad ♦hli Iftth dnv of April, 100fl     Dated  this    5th  day    of June,
R. McGregor, Wltnei! CE<5- K0METZ,
D. A. Cate, A-jenf Michel. DISTRICT    LEDGER,    FERNIE, -B^ C, JUNE 13, ,1908.
Sb* Bistrid V&figer
$1 a Year in Advance
Itaued   every  Saturday from  tho office of
Pubjictiticn, PeilHtt Ave., Fernie, B. C.
Chanson of RdvertUemenU mu>t be in as
follows:—Pagti K, 3,8, and 7, Wednesday atlU
a  m.. I'i«-,sll4,i.and8,yrl('a>-„&!jlfJa.in.
Lacfeal advertUing lit cents per nonpaiiel
line BNtln*4»rtion%8 cents. p*r wiet-Aeb'sabtie-:
quant, {jnwrtion, .-     ".s,.■■■•-,  vV- '*' a,,"-., v _ •
R-at-ta for contract idv*i-vi>.irig on- eppUoa--
aion*toHlc4i)<..j publication, PfaUat,*:'* ...     >
Ad'diiBM all oommunlc;»'tltjii»-,ti> tt»'iUn-
aeer, butricl Ledc*)*:, .■, v'-*       ;- -.'.,-'.' :; ,.-r
w. a. srAnt.'RV^
' i    fm   **'. CV
.    ■?'-'   . . ■'     ...'..J.    .tfiulit I •>■'
In six months*rtm-e^h«'miir»i-sof
this district will be electing, delegates to ia scale convention,'' -for
the purpose of making *-.'*a new
agreement, between themselves, and
tne-ir employees, the "present-.*fcgree»
ment terminating bn March' 31st,
1909. It would be well for the unions to close their ranks and   be
prepared.     The" election   of ."local
. *r    . t 'it *
union officers will &*so take place
at the end of this month.
We would advise active members
of the U.M.W. of A. and other labor unions to read about'the Pinkertons in labor unions in this issue. No man ought to be elected
to office in any local union who is
not well known and whose record
•will not bear close examination.
Corporations move in various
•ways) dirty workto perform.
'O-'v ■■
Everybody appreciates our band.
The rendering of outdoor concerts
on a Sunday is much admired;
but" we would like to have the,
band play a little later in- the
evening than they now do.' A very
large' nuniber of the supporters of
the band go to church every Sunday night, and do not like to
stay away from church to hear
the, band play. But they would
,very much appreciate the band
playing if it could be" arranged to
have it in the afternoon,, or:after
church in ; the'- evening. The
churches are all over by half past
eight, and it is not too dark • to
play then,"if it is'-'there, could-., very
easily    be enough' lights t    put in
playing.   Nothing' ia\ nicer than to
be/.able to promenade in the twi-
ligiht to.' the .."tunes iff wejl^rendered
anisic, f^d'-We'tliink ta'aV'-thebaina
. -woWr beeping* greater, serific^j.if
it ■Jipouia. be.. aw'/^gijjd/'is j^'J suggest. Their concert last Sunday
jtuft eroded •' as the '• •^urR^a-i-.f'W'K*
out, so a very large number
missed the treat.-""'' ■*•-.<-■■-•   ••*-■-•-'•
erty     to  take, the law into* their
own hands and barbarously,   maltreat  a few men engaged in performing a necessary duty, is intolerable.   It is intolerable that they
should consider themselves entitled
to   take the law into their    own
Hands under... any -. circumstances..
•'The same right -w'-Ul" readily, be con1*
[ceded to them that is,conceded to;
all-others, the right of defending
•themselves when attacked. But this
"was^'ot a case of self clpfcnce but
of imjus*bifiableia|9saiil'l ^pciSi^iqia:*-,-.
ceat4jnen,      ;-, V-'    UI & ip-fo^Si
: I^feat-in*' of»the incident which'
impresses one most,is the "reckless
impfet8** -,'to   do . h"ojrtSr w^c|j;i|a8
manifested by  tteM ^f^Wi-^'wie
slarnVvimpuise' which characterised
the Attack upon the three firemen
iii Vancouver on New Year's' eye,
the .-same impulse which we    find1!
manifesting    itself wherever     this
Japanese are in force and can find
;: It'is' that characteristic.in these'
people which must render them for
all time undesirable residents in
this qountry, that and the impos-
f-jibility of believing them, 'of accepting their word in the everyday
affairs of life. No doubt the educated' Japanese is as a rule a
charming personality, but it is not
the educated Japanese that is being brought here or is being mixed up in these continual troubles,
It may be said that the Japanese
coolies are " irresponsible because
they are ignorant and are dangerous because their'qational esteem
has been built on a lack of understanding of their proper; relations
to mankind at large. Tnis is'pro-
bably true, but it makes it all the
more necessary that., they should
be excluded from civilised communities which do not understand
them and d'o not share their sympathies and peculiarities!
?It seems most remarkable * that
after committing the outrage at
Carlin Siding these men. should
not have been punished. It is to
be presumed that their number,-
there were eighty in all, and' the
realisation on the part of the authorities ■ that the responsibility
for the injuries to the conductor
could not be placed on the right
shoulders induced the officials to
overlook the incident altogether.—
Province. -.-.-,- ,- ■-
Chorus (on the inside) ".Don't bother us, we're busy
A>      . ° "- ■'
Three v qii^rters^of '$w *ȣre: undfft;
cultivation l^iW-iefittsFernie.'   There
Plastered   Housfr ,and   .other.
police: court
"Constable5 Gol>ir^Ka¥"b"e-eri~ap-*
pointed, to the position q£ : Chief. *s>.f
Police, as the man that^was- offered the. position could not come.
Mr. Go ok, since his affiliation with
*the force, has-shown Himself """tb
buildings on tlie Premises.
Will be sold cheap and on easy
Real Estate and Insurance Broker
•S-^^xS-*^^ <8>>mxH><-»*M^^
isation, and we have already had
a meeting in Fernie, Hosmer and
Michel, and we .will fill, in this
week in sub district No. 2, and
then take in the main line, and
then arrangements will be ,made
according- to the time we. have as
the International Board is supposed to meet^about the 18th and
at1 least Board Member Patterson
will, have to go east as that will
be the first' meeting of the board
' since the, new administration which
has been so busy since they took1
their offices and so as to be able
to., get-the instructions of'the new*
' -I**- ;*-,S'       ...   .in'*'
\ktta«H'i:'"whi'ini'-:wiaB' mod-e
In .the
at: Carlin Siding, near Bevelstoke,
and Kamloops last ' week by a
crowd of Japanese ..'coolies-'on: C.
P.R. trainmen we have an illustration of what we may expect ( not
infrequently when these Orientals
find1 themselves in sufficient numbers in any locality.. ■ in th*-- province to defy tho'law. As the result, of the assault here referred to
a railway conductor is now, lying
in the hospital at Rovelstoke recovering from severe, if not serious injury.
It seems that tho froight train
of which the injured man was conductor, stopped at Carlin Siding
to pick up a car of lumber. In
order to do this it was necessary
to move an outfit car, .in which
about eighty Japanese wore Bloop-
in-j. Whilo doing ho something
went wrong with the brake rigging
of the car and the wheels went off
the track, Tho shock aroused the
Japanese who poured out In a
horde, and1 seizing stones, sticks,
and anything handy, started down
the track after the train crew. The
flrst man thoy overtook was Mr.
Hughes, and they boat him black
and blue. The engineer) brakesman and fireman wont to his rescue, but they were driven back
and the four of them had to flee
for their lives. The brakesman
and conductor "e»ca*fl*>d Into the
■wood«, while the engineer and the
fireman were dlrlyenjtack to* the
engine by the infuriated Japanese,
The fireman Succeeded in cutting
off,' the\engiine. frprn" jth»' cars!-and
ran it into iappen anO-a .Villy. ot
official* ««ut upr-be line to yxtily
tUJ' Japanese. 'It11-Vat,'however,
t*#o hour* before tbe next freight
coyld get through, Whin It old,
thi) conductor And* M^q'.sn were
taken aboard and Mr. Hughes was
removed1 to tht>;3UIpital at Bevel*
•t'tjke, • -- ■    ,        -  -
That t* • a rather 'Significant
■tofy. and lt« •!jnifleance Is not
impaired by the fact that it required a party of officials in au-.
fhftHty to po up the Un* and pacify the Orientals. That a'crow* o!
aliens, under the Impression that
thty were the victims of a trick,
should eoneider themselves at lib-
feel,that, every member, of* our:.-lp-
cals,should ..take the United Mine
" I..    '   <-' .... v       i      , -V
Workers    Journal^   and. keep-   in
touch with our new officers and see
th'e~"cbange- i«* thr"p*licies   being*
rbe •*•- ■• man ■-•tfaay'ca-fltfre^ fta-
{'bought or bluffed," and therefore-
should make good as   chief.     We
"the police are mo"kitigT it very
interesting for law breakers t-h«se
days, and are doing} ^^^ark|
On the third inst!., two women
from the red light district •were
fined $30 and costsQfor being, up
town after hours.
Extensive Arrangements in Pro-
jfress for .Trip to the?
/; Arctic iRegions.
On the. 9th inst. Jos. T. • •- Hall
was up before Magistrate Whim-
ster on the charge of obtaining
money under false pretences from
Mr. Ambrose. Hall was sentenced
to 15 days with hard labor.
On the 11th a man was up on
the charge of being a frivjuonter of
the rod light plantation. He was
caught talking to ono of the
dames up town aftor hours and
arrested. He protested, but admitted to the magistrate that he
was a froquonter. This caused him
to part with H.30 and costs.
Tho woman who caused. tho
above troublo was brought up on
the 11th and fined §30 and costs
for being up town aftor hours,
' John O'Brien was up again on
Wednesday to answor a disorderly
charge. As John has been up
twice boforo he was given 10 days
to mend his ways.
1 Two Indians wore arrested for
furious riding and also being
drunk. Their case has to stand
over till the Indian agent arrives,
Tho law that requires no person
to drive faster than 0 milos an
hour in the city limits is to be
strictly enforced. This, of. course,
equally affects riding.
i  .   o ■    ■   '        '
ySe^YWcpPsTMS^i S=C onfident*
o£ his-ability to'-carry the     stars
and", stripes  to''; the'.north pole
Commander Jtober^jE., Peary,' who
planted' - the •; American    flag.
anoktl-*<iepreflsion-,---th'ey have-re-es-
{•Jblished the interstate movement
that^iWjis^detitro^^'jtwo years ago'
ap'd I-^f^t^e^ja^^l^eting of, ci&V
b'p'ar$! i?'f-fB>iv>u*M/4here^ ?;a?
g-qpa^clihn^ ofj&fi.
brgantiitji'oh^^'-* .l**fnyo*ae,.'whbi' iias
be'eii,:y'rea'ding. •the--;, jo.urnal\ righ-c
along"" will" have l,hotic'ed"'a ''•■ 'gr-fa't'
difference since the'new editor has
taken charge of the' official organ
of the United Mine Workers. I want
to. say that the'' men in the liig-
nite field of this district arc doing
very little work only one or two
days a week.   But that, is as much
as any Lignite field in the continent is doing.   Some.of the     Pass
coal   camps aro doing very poor,
but    Coleman, Micliel aiid     Coal
Creek are working every day, and
although   thoy   aro   not working
thoir.full capacity, thoy are doing
as well as any other place in   tho
country,   Now men wo havo   only
about seven months until wo have
to start to make a new agreement
for this district and as wo want
to do tho bost wo can for oursel-
vos it behooves overy member to
tako particular notice to what is
going    on,   and   I   would advise
overy man in this district to kebp'
overy statement, so that you will
he ablo to show that you ore   entitled to what you ask; and the
mon who havo big pay should keep
their statements, for flvo years ago
tho   company's   book was shown
up to tho royal commission,    and
they    showed   higher wages than
our   statements did, and if your
officers have nothing to stand   on
but   the   company's   books   thon
they   have a   poor chance to get
what they want,
Respectfully yours,
■ o '
To British Columbia lead Miners
by Minister of finance
Th* E4lto» dot* not hold hlm»«lf '•»tr>n.
•Ililn fur opinion-*, •nimaitlil ,l>,v ,eQrr»>i>,>ii.
in vnur   v*\
t L*Agex,
le, s: C."
,W1» xo,W,Bjta.., W*r m*
npeee in vnur valuable paper tn
let   the rank aiid file of'District
we are doing. At present we have
with us Onganlier Nic'olitti or Colorado, 'and organiser'Suttter and
myself who intend to go, to all
the ramps where we'have th« most
foreigners working first. Then, if
we have time nro intend to visit
any or all of our locals for the
purpose of instructing the foreign*
ers on tha workings of the organ*
Jlocanville, June 18—Harry
Johnson, a popular young man of
this town committed suicide yes*
teiday by cutting hi* throat with
In ra»or.    ,   t       ... .......     ,'
J- •   •   e
. ...... . ,    4 ■     .
! Montreal, JunrlS—At this mor*
king's "meeting of tli* Congregational *j^lon of Canada, Bev.
Hugh Pedley of Emmanuel church,
Montreal, was elected chairman for
•   •   •
Montreal, June 18.—Bobert Kyle
20 years of age, of the grocery
firm of Kyle and Stevenson, was
drowned' in the Laurentian baths,
last night. Xt it thought that
Kyle was stunned by striking bis
head on the bottom while diving.
nearer the;-'co*ete&**< northern goal
than any other ali-Vingi'man
•^TewrYorlt' makin-g active prepara--'
i-Jions ,/or ,anothe,r arctic'o^ash,. Thi''
s|tean>eR'Kooseyelt. :, which cariried'
■aim" and his party on" his last-trip
north, has been overhauled for her
expected battles'* with the ice barriers of. the frosen north.;* -, ..,<-•*
f ...a i.., . .,• ■ t ; ■.'■■;. ,* • . ,!,..■ ■ •:■
: Peary'si.,. pr.es|mt iplans cpntem--,
plate his departure., from New
York about' July, ,'I,' ,but lack, , ol
sufficient(.|phdi'*W:fln'ance'■ the W
ptkLition^iy-'frtevent.. the start.
In fact unless'$^,PQ0: is forthcoming by July :l"the project will
have to be abandoned. Peary is
hopeful tha«V^the;'s\ini necessary to
complete the' Hexploration fund
may be raised In time -to permit
him to carry out his plans.
"One important roBult of my
last expedition as bearing, upon
the success of tho coming one,"
said Commander Peary, "is the
distinct improbability that conditions in the comparatively short
distance of 200 miles between my
farthest north point and the' polo
itself will bo in.any way different
from the conditions encountered
by me for the. last 100 milos of
my journey. If conditions aro no
worso in the next season than during the last voyage I shall hopo
to accomplish tlio "objects of tho
expedition and, return in about
fifteen months—in Octobor, 1009. I
ought, however, to have supplies
and e-quipment for a stay of three
"Capt. Eobort A. Bartlett, of
Briguo, Newfoundland, my, sailing
master on my-last voyage will
serve again and he will select his.
sailers from among the Newfoundland soalerB. George Ward. Well
of Buckport, Me., will again ac
company the expedition as chief
engineer and his assistants and
firemen will be Americans. Charles
Percy, my. steward on two previous trips will.-go again, as will
also Mathew Heuson, my colored
assistant. My surgeon is yet . to
be selected, I shall take aboard
from twenty to twenty*flve' of the.
most effective Eakimo hunters and
dog drivers, who-will be, accom*
,-*'T>.',.*'d b** their w^f"? e.nA el*J 1*1.
r-ftn. I stiall require from 800 to
,850 dogs. „v     .* *.     . ,i    .1,.
There will be feteee. modification^
of the* ' sledge \ a* Journey, suggested by. the ••*perienoe.\of.th«
last trip. --First,.following of thet
"ijrtl: cs's.rt ;! ^r«Ti* ■•!*.*id' frtr-1
ther to the wt»t,;Ahan before; seo*
ond, ,a'couree across the sea 'ice
somewhat more* west of > north
than, on the previous expedition,
and third,i the more rigid massing
of the sledges while en route,, to
prevent tha possibility of a portion ol the party being cut off
from the rest with supplies insufficient for a protracted advance.
These modifications are to count
tract and allow for the steady
easterly set of the central polar
Ottawa, • June   11—The minister.
of 'finance'   has brought down an
important,—cDu>4n>nuu-iu~ fc"wrieu,u-
miners of British .Columbia': -'-Hon:*
Mr, Fielding's proposal is-for     a
removal of th^vlwd'-boiint^es    for
five years more, or„jintil •Tune 30,
li913,..'.. Therg,. ,ar;e 4 p.pme. ^im^orta^t,,
is :-'in j;c*^riges^.,.h6*we,y,er, \. asV'. c^jnpji're'd';
with thaTflriginal statute, passed ir*,
1903';' The bounty "6f ?15'per ton
began   to     be reduced .when- lead
reach-tki ,JSl2 '10s. .per tofc'in. Lon-;
don, .and wras,   extinguished,'aljbb:
gether when the price "in- England
reached £16 pounds.   There •'•  was
also a further limltatibk,that not
more than half a. million, dollars,
be . paid in   bounties in any .fiscal
year,   This provision has been re-'
moved, but the total amount that
may   be,, paid in five years is not
to exceed two and a half million,
An important additional change
proposed by Mr. Fic-lding    makes
the reduction of the bounty     to
commence when, the price of lead
in London roaches  £14 10a.   The
quotations, were a week ago  £12
If this prico holds until the new
statute becomes effective, it means
that tho lead mining companies
will draw tho full amount of tho
bounty, in place of tho pro rata
reduction provided in tho regulations.
The total amount paid in 'bounties in tho laBt two years jb $017,
. ■ o    ■	
Mackenzie King Opposes the
. Opium Trade in Canada
Vancouver,. June 11—As a losult
of the evidence of local .-Chinese
manufacturers of opium before the
commissioner adjudicating the
claims ' for damages during the
riot, Maekenzie King, the commissioner announced his intention of
•taking, up the opium question with
the Dominion authorities on his
return to Ottawa, ^ud asking for-^
legislation prohibiting ; the \_ manufacture of the drug in Canada/.
The Hotel of Fernie
The centre of Commercial
and Tourist Trade ,
Cuisine   Unexcelled
S. F. Wallace     , Prop. 4"
,    •     •   ,     " •     .    -•*
Mr. F. O. Garbutt, principal of
the Garbutt Business College, of
Calgary, invites all young people
and parents interested in a stenographic, business or telegraphic
training, to call and see the attractive Garbutt school exhibit at
the Dominion exhibition and witness illustration* of the students'
work in speedy touch typewriting.
FTwo claim"ant7nn6iIowi*ajf
trade Were examined today;. the
one claiming his gross yearly profits were $180,000.and the ..other.'
?ido,p6o.   , •,       , -j -
The admission also made as . to
the.-.extc-asive pale, .to.r-wh-jies*..- and.
T?usiness.1:„.here . for,. .the... •-past, 24
:yeai-8.. '-,.' *.,.-, . ., ..; t.y .:.'
'■> The merchants admitted thai the
drug was harmful, but.said.it was-
'all the .same as liquor, to.,,a' white
man.    .» ..... ,. .,,., «•. .„>.-,
' Commissioner King emphatically,
stated his opposition,to, the. .situation and .promised to.."take-.;, the
matter up at once upon .his return-
to Ottawa.'. ', ,   ,",'"'■ ['.,[,,
Vancouver; June 11—Comniisr
sioner King to-day boldly indicted
the Dominion govornment on the
liquor traffic.
•Shocked by the enormous profits of ?180;O0Q mad-e by,the Hip
Tuck» ••Lung-- Company of Fender
street and the long period the firm
has been* in business, 22 years, the
commissioner followed with a severe criticism of the trade, by asking counsel for the claimants, Mr.
McEvoy: 'V Could the city not refuse to license this business?"
Mr, McEvoy—-No; prohibition
rostr*. entiMy : with the Dominion
govornment, which recognises the
opium trade,by levying a tax upon its'importation."
"Woll, it seems rogretable," added tho commissioner, "when we
aro trying to build up a country
that wo should allow the importation from one part of the empire
of a drug so detrimental to another part, or to permit its manufacture, ' I intond to look into
this matter carefully. My own
opinion is that it should be made
impossible to manufacture this
drug in any part of the Dominion."
•:♦ ... -a*
♦ '.';-■ Fernie, B. C.
♦ .'    '.;  ■   ■■- •„
Y =============
*** Bar supplied with choicest of
■X ' Wibes; Eiquort and,.Cigars, .
v *:-^™v% Boom, in connection r
'f   I'JfSm fODBIELAStCi^
"4   >„-: ,     Proprietor ••■.
Fornie's most
Every attention to the
travelling publio
Rooms reserved by wire
H. Whelan
Tenders   Wanted
Tenders for the erection of tho
Kootenay hotel, at Michel town*
site. Flans and specifications can
be obtained by application to J. i
R    T.*iiva-**n*'i»,r,(  W^cbM/cr  A • W*.>. I
son,*. Fertile.     ""      ■ •» • ■/•• •
IVui. -C.ml mltiln* rl-hta mi** he UhmiI for
• ptrliHl of tw«iity-oni venri hi en Nmmul
 1 of *\ p«r err*. Sot mere then »,Mn
" It UkmiI to one lii-llvMu-al or
A rnmlt**»t the tut* ot Ave <-*ntt
.  i   ,1  - ■ ' l ;    •. v
' .Trite notice that \be' partntrshlp* hW**
tofore bxletlfiir 'between ''*t*he uitdtittcneil'
under the flrw stneot Ve-tien'k Bhee.
es'hotel krMipert of.Elkp, H, O.^'proprlW
tori' of ths Il'oflinsn' nouie,' Is hereby
tllMolved. i   ' '
The builneii will be carried on by
Wllllsm 8. lleRwen who will pey til
ll«Mlltl#i end *o\)*et nil -emiinte.
Deled at Klko, li, Q., this flTth day
of V»y, loon.!
"WM. a. MOEWBN."
"U. tb, anBA."
"W.  P.  CHmD."-WlUr,M.
ipHtiy . A rnmlt-*»t tin ritte or five <<*nti
*w*r ten *h*\\ he r-nlleettil on themerc|isn*ji|)|e
ouelmlntd. , \ ' ; '
• Qo*sts.~ A nt'rion elilitMn. •»*• of e*e or
e\*r, hs-vlnr/illieovereil mlnerslin piece, rhe.v
loeeleeelelm \J*o*\Wf*«t,■. , ...,.
Tht tee for rMenllns e eUlra u th. •, -1
At UMtHtWrnuitbefipendeVien theelUiti
thy*** <-/ I"*!"! *
lit; tijluhi* tt'fi\llii\r lu
fMi'li rent ff i-iti'i •" '•'J'' tiJiuitiiV 'i'i*wo'>'
Itn .Uineofr. i, When *Uo he* Menespendefl1
nefif. the ieieter tney, tipoli neyitis »•»ut**i
msrie, and even reainlirliw, wWheotheKre.,
qalrr^TMnt-). u*4-i?l!A>**) Ui^|fftil »t« pt*«rn ^ ,
The -MUnlMoWiU* fyr vht.psyioeiit ef ■»,
4.»»^TO»Jj^rl«pt,yntheuy«,   ,,.    ,
wtnsrel entry *•# to Nh«*»We yetrly,
An epoileentJW &hteittAjmUtH* te
d»d»»furt'*Mti^t#«pflHt»ehf**.,.to« ef
t»inlvvter».r»ii«w»tir«»t the illMittlon ef
,h*M,nla'irnfthtTnt«rlor,. ,
The Imim thill btvtttilrfdee In epiretlon
thin on# union fnipi tu« date of the Ufa*
for 'ie'eh JlVe mill*.  H«n»Al »li\t*r ennnm for
•eetT mile nf river>«M*i.   Itovslivsi th*
wlthlnnn* »i»»pn
'   Mrh live mllf..  R«nf«l i
.„. h  mile nf river U»t*A,    .._
ret* fif *' i,*i' ftr\t r<nilr(<t»it nn iJinnutpnt »l
Ur It eteiedi %Wut,
W. W,0..»r.
P»P«t» Mlnltter of the Interior.
N. n.-1'nenthnHt-H paMlr-Mlon er thU td>
vtrtliemint will not U i*l<i for
Am l-.-J.te)
Bar Un«xo«IUd
\„- i.
» wn       laa,fe«   H« at*      ai
Mil    ttVMItV  M«*|*
..,.,.•:,■•    ■■   .. .*.
Gill In aml<
•"•'8«« uionot -
, )..':'•'    ■*.    ,       -.lii'.
O. W. DAVEY * 00.
P, V, WNIUN, mgr.
Read The Ledger
%P^%^tf<PW?s1i91& -./ tf;-'. ,
Il ..   \
Official Organ of District No.  18, U.'M.'\W.  of A.
.   ,-y
y ■
► *■■'
FBRNIEj B. Cj, JtNE 13TH, 1908
jr .     '.•.'■..■. ..    ,.w
during the absence of Mr. Smith,
si., -agio is taking "a trip to New
Brunswick. . ,* - ' ,
•   r& — -    ■
force'g NetS44tnoVa>weeiis -are.i4ft.fwli- oaM-^Xh«^Ho»mer.*e*«av.3iiwft.cc«i.
game didn't start until 7.50. C.P.     ::"Dr. Hunter has been .confined to.
•^.washouts kept   the. train late   -bl>e hospital"in.-Fernie for the last:
.si^^and^-ihe Aplfevue boys   ten days by,a' severe attack   \of-
rhJBumatic fev<^.;j We. aU^.lio'pe "for.
..  ,..,    .,,..-.-   ...  - • h*8-' speedy^- recoye-ry,?. ^^•Corsan:
srJl,./r•^K^;,.that-,tmfe^v*ith its -^is> attending tb1 th*. prae'ti&',in tb»;
aVied'tenrpt'iStlonsthieyV.arrived on n^antime """'" "!''*''■ '"'
the field a pretty husKy lot. -But
alas, as usual they ^shared*'the fate
of Coleman, Fernie, Coal Create.
A '^crub   team   ofthe Diamond
ziesd-*& a*ndiiaj£prt+ii' e-e.oiti?
' Vale- |layed" the" first teak' ol
game;; given by the Kilma^ocks..,
A 'successful Leap Year dance
•was Ir-eld in Hylands Hall on Monday' >-All those attending report a
good;, time.
T*h-6> Diamond Vale has'" started'
their..'second drive of logs     down
the Cold Water river..
t ■
The Diamond Vale brass band
escorted one of its members to the
depot last Thursday, John Hor-
nell, bidding farewell,.to , the ,Dia*-
•mond Vale. His . departure., ^ is
deeply , regretted by his many
friends.     '
posed of goal, W. Thompson; full
backs, Harry Allen and' William
McFegan^half backs. Tommy Sew-
&d?7w}K*$&c\i>Jtislmy"Watson ,
beat fciem one goal to nil. Hurran   *2r.]?ard,s*   Fr*d   Watchem, Hector
for the scruosi'-.- •' "» .■.■;■<v..... ' ^SSPM}^ ^ ?-**>*xx t- H. D-avis,
-.;• ■*•     -        'y••■'■' * •'  f-Bw*THartweU*.   .•■..■■•-'■•■>•■■ .'.„«.-.;»'-..-
The,-. Diamond Vale played , Kid-
dlesbfo last^Saturday at. the,latter..
place;, result,' a'' draw. "'• A* tiuccesV-'
ful   smoker    was   held   after the
[.,    *;
•   " '. *■ ' ' - ■.. »*■
The rain has ceased falling and
we are having a long wished for
view", of. old sol. As was expected
the >■' Belly river ; overflowed its
banks,'and' did a great amount of
damage., „  _    "
One section of No. '3 mine-, has
been;; filled to-the roof and.it will
probably take ttie iest of the summer to get it pumped' dry. ■ But
for the foresight of W. D. ,L. Har-
die, who foresaw the\danger of
somesuch - thing happening, the
whole of the mine would have been
flooded, and caused an indefinite
suspension of work. As, it is it
only affects about forty men, and
places have, .-'been found for them
in other sections of the mine.-'
'No. 3 mine has only been
working two and three days a
' week this last six or, eight weeks,
but dame rumor'has it-that things'
are . going to improve after the
15th. Let us hope that her ladyship is ..correct.
The first game, of the .season of
the. Crow's . .*Ncst baseball,"league•
was played here on Tuesday, evening between Taber and,*: Letlnbridge
wais-very little to choose between.
,the:;;two teams-, Tjiber-having a
slight advantage in the pitching,
.Score-4 to 3.
Thei;proposed new by*jlav**}were
submitted..,..to, ,thft,xatepayjeraypn
Monday; W8tK"ancTwere' all car-
ri«l; with- gfiod . '-"m&iorttieat'.ffhe
nety by-laws ..call, for the construction of A nW-flre:'hall3 axtd' in'ar-
,ket;> estimated cost,". ?45r,000; grad-
ing'of streets and laying of granolithic" sidewalks, -' •estimate*'coSt;'
?79,000,..'and:-.\ waterworks -extension,, involving „. an.. ouWay-of-^.aar
other ?6,000, all of which are ..to
be completed this sununer,,..    , ■»,
We have iii this eity-a considerable number of friendly sboiefies,
but still another one is in progress
of!organising,, to be known as the
American Association of'Alberta,
to>be composed of Americtvn and
ex-American citizens. Wi' It. Dobbin, one of-our hustling real estate men is president pro teni.
W. C. Simmons, M.P.P. went
east to Medicine Hat on Tuesday
nig-ht's train. He' will hold a ser-
ies of meetings In the Hat and
district in the interests of the Liberal party.
Tho Conservative candidate for
this riding has not started his
campaign yet, aiid it is to bo hoped that tho working mon of this
section will hustle up and put a
candidate up, and not leave it until the last minute,
The wrestling game received a
decided boost here on Thursday
last when the hitherto undefeated
Oregon Lion met his master in
Maxwell, a • local man, Maxwell
taking two straight falls, '.''ho
match was a purely championship
one, as there was no side bets
■ posted. Mr,' Maxwell is physical
instiuctor of the young men's
Hosmer teamsters were in a
S*ftft b<ft?m:T-W^Mday. ^
bridge leading out of Hosmer
and,the C,.P.B. cut off the road to
C.P'.E.ftbwn by.':the:layingi6f Hhe
A mass meeting will be held on
Monday,- 15, in the schoolhouse,
of the members of Local 2497 United ; Mine Worker's' of America to
consider the doctor question which
has been a source of much discus-.
sion for the'lust yearv' It is'"hoped
by a great many of the men that
this meeting, will settle the doctor
question for awhile.   ■
. Mr. Wm. McFegan is now acting
secretary for Local 2497, Hosmer,
Mr. McFegan is well known in
Fernie and Coal Creek and' his
friends-at both places will be glad
to hear of him doing his best to
boom up Hosmer. He took a
prominent part, in football circles
in Coal Creek and is now one of
the stalwart full backs of the Hosmer Invincibles.   . ,,-•,-■    ,,
-' There;will be an election of officers at Hosmer Local 2497 shortly. Nomination on Monday, 15th.'
, Robson,' the artist, is showing a
fine . grouping ' of* Hosmer Invinc-
'ible football team.      ,      ,   '
The C.F.S. intend bringing in a
steam shovel work train with a
big gang of men to raise sag in
track east of station 14 feet. They
also have a big gang of men laying a spur of the main line west
of ,the yards..
Things are progressing favorably
at the coke ' ovens,, where forty
stone masons are employed. ' The
steel tipple is assuming shape and
outside sheeting is commenced.
Work is, also being pushed ahead
on the trestle '.which will be closed
up shortly. A spur will be built
from trestle'' to, saw mill which
will greatly facilitate the handling of timber for the mine.:
■•' The haulage engine being" installed will be one oi the finest'in the
,K o O-tenays '-''"■
?A. local branch of the.
pirty ■ of Cana-d'a,'' wa^idnn*^
n-jre, op Sunday eveninjj^a-«e..7iv
(-jj-ffite :• a number signinea'^t^er^
vflllingness to join the tm'ove^ftK
Tlie; following officers wer^rtt^
"^3w.4-J ohn .-i.^SftLtW f~^+
^Organiser—W. IH. Evans.
.'This'party of progress is making
great * strides - .{n the ' west ana
btjems ,'destined tb' became a power-
tul factpj:..«.. t?he.. polittcfe'atStlA'li-u'--'
tjire.  1
?J: T.  Ingram returned to  Coal
Creek.on.taonduy atter a prolonged trip to tne old country.   He is
looking excec-u.ia^.j    ..cu  and has,
apparently benefited ny ihe' trip.
-PiEid-dy    Hughes    was   up   from
town Ja.ur.iiig ,_^.. ^ai-ticipat-,
i-iVg.: in, the Quoiting handicap.!
He' delivered rxthe goods in fine,
style and feels confident of annexing the premier prize. "'* .  '
■- Mine Inspector Tom .ilorgan is
visitiiig here this week in his official capacity.
■fl The newly formed Socialist party are organising" a conce:t for
Tuesday evening, June <**7th. An
energetic committee has been
formed, and the success c f ".he venture* is -assured. Mr. John Ei-
Smith'''will occupy the chair, and
will he accompanied on 'he platform by Rev. ^u... .tc^nson arid
Rev. Mr, Boulton, and a few. prominent men of the mo-zemiint.
: The,'Rev.1'Mr. Boulton and wife
arrived in Coal Creek during the
week from Moyie. Mr. Boviton will
be tlie resident pastor ot the Methodist church, and'we hope that
his,stay will be a prolonged one.
Moyie .^akes .tipout''.-250 feet from
the.->n*ore'-^.•^Dout'^xty'feet'   pi'-
•^ater;>and Although.jthe -water has^
vb'ee'rii'.-g^vin'g ^onsiderable'trpuble;
\he ,'managenient are->in'"a fw|*:wsiy,'.f'"<
^ty/irana .e^B^^-J^Jj-'reach, bedrock'
•Shortly. ; Tiie;botioj%»t.tiie' casing
^auch, is ,be-ji% ,jr&tt**ai)v, .abonf.
;six feet fco-n^-jlJj^^i^^jMtt/iv:
is • -■ ^•d-HSM^'i'^^iaitgr^
'.iteityt'g^&^tomb -..abctut-r^fty-.
lo.y:ibe^_%L'!;t-e:MJLKlirtr and v'tH*'
Tho .Hosmer boys have or,-;anired
a lncroBBo team. They have betn
good and busy and it shows r.fcni
of being a nrst class,team. A well
attended meeting, on Monday resulted in everything being, put in
shape and the following officers
were elected:    .,..-.,
Hon. Pres—R. J. Drlnnan.
Pree—-Frank La Belle.
Sec.-tr«as-»Mr, Hall,
Manager—Q. W, Gordon. ,
Captain—S. McKellar.
Thore will be a match played
between Hosmer and Vet-ale on
June 12th. This will bt the flrst
giame ov lacrosse m .lio»iu1*:i. luU
The young ladles ot Hosmer had
a'gresjt hopt-atthe.sp-^jia^s rooms
in the Queens on WednesoiaT night.
Er/erybody *ojo*f»d< ^wfijvfs.
A new reservoir is being built
on summit when the best water in
the dtttrirt will WV^tod'-fiV'O.
a|r4-IVt     t'OW|l»*'''*      <»'**"■ *#«l»'*'«|IHHe»*' • ♦«     •*
The .flyer came through lure • at
middayi on Wednesday,>and,one of
our Hosmer cows tried to dispute
the way. Xt was bad for-the, cow.
A good match ot lootball was
played at Hosmer between Has-*
mm' and SelUvua.aUai^witUiUi^.Uy.
a large crowd of spectators.   The
L t
I Do You Owe for |
;; ♦
I     Your Paper     J
't5edr6'3kl.itr.will::,^L;ja'j*nt tliat .,-,thejr-
are bound to-succeed.
The Aurora is bn the west side
of Moyie Lake. A small crew of
men have worked on.it all winter
•^n4. SB-Cned .«P; .tMjnft^S.oii'Aotrfrdai-.
~otei: "^It-'is now "being stotked' and
shares are. on the market today
for the first time. A lot of the
stock is being taken up by miners
and' business men here. The Aurora has a good, showing'' and it
-should' ""be a winner^ especially
since the new Wdfholgus will practically assure, a price of £18 for
lead. Moyie "shouloY'.certainly go
ahead' during the. period that the
lead bonus, is 1 in operation'' at,
least. At present there'.'are'.as
many men here as there :is..work,
for. J ''"-..
, Look ';it the date- on 'address
of your paper.'  If it has expired
send us a renewal at once and
get the benefit of the reduced
rate. -           1           '* .        -
••■- Julius .Hurel left for Fernie
Tuesday, night. ,.
;;' Mr.-' Mcintosh of Arrow Lakes
tSanitarium was in town 'looking'
-,fprja location.,' •- .,-   , ^-r|
jp poal Creajk-» people who-ate^lTAJw
|n •- H6Bmer "were "pleased
Mr.'-' and •■ MrsV"Edwin 'Powell* of
Poal Creek, who visited Mr.    aha-
Mrs.:Chas. Powell of Hosmer. „ 1  :
XHrisfr Geo. • Johnson    from Coal
Creek visited in Hosmer this week.
"•■ Peter Patterson,  Mr. Susner, the'
Slavonian'organiMr; and Mr." Ni-
cbtti, the Italian organiser ▼isite'd
l^bcal 2497 last Friday night.*
„Crea and Moffat, of Fernie,', ttie
agents,   for the Hosmer towhsite
^.re to open up a real estate ofllce
in Hosmer.
A public 'phone ofllce has been
opened up in the Elk Book and
Drug Co, store.
A son was born to Mr, and Mrs.
Sponcer Sunday lasti,
,, The Elk Book and Drug, Company stores here are In charge of
R. L. Nickorson, The establish,
ment of thoBe stores have flllod a
much needed want, proscriptions
formerly having been mado up 'in
The first board of trade i-noeting
will bo held hore on Monday 15th.
The main street of Hosmer to
tho ravine has been cleaned of
stumps,   Looks like business,
Mrs. Drlnnan and Miss l'i.,olado
were in Fernio on Saturday.
D, Jorlandor, a lathor, met with
a peculiar accident here while engaged in lathing. A friend caine
up behind and gavo him a i*layful
tap on tho back. Having, his
mouth full of nails at tno timo
the Blight shock cauuod him to
swallow some. Mr, Jorlander is
going to Chicago to .indory-o an
operation in consequence.
, C, S, Fyfe, ticket a^cnt at Fernie, visited here on Wednesday.
The' excellent recroa'-.lon ground
at HoBmer is a great .nducmnent
for all sportsmen now. We are
having a baseball team." Members
of this team are being licked into
shape by Gordon Cole, ably supported by Bert Swans on,
.' The carpenters of the town met
last evening in the sample rooms
of the Queen's hotel, and under the
direction of J. A. Finney, western
organiser* for the Brotherhood of*
Ca>|il»nWr»',''instituted a local of
that organisation. Seventeen oar*
pehters signed the toll and' as this,
tumber   reprmhts   most   ol tbe
leohanics *fin this - erait, • the** local
. - BAYNES";/
.'  .*--*. *""*~™*^
iLtevWc>w' ■•' Thefe'Was" an* interesting'5 horse
1 ''tol'seeM'iJaceW'tne' Wa'ldp ""ffaft Tuesday'
—""•■-*" "evening; The*horses werevbwn'ed by
Mr: J. Bops and Mr; J; Turner; Mr.
Ross'.horse winning, by a length.
The conveyances of Baynes and'
Waldo were not sufficient io accommodate the crbwds who'witnessed the sport—yonng men, old-
men, ..- women and ohildren commenced , to. arrive, long before the
appointed'' - time and till declare
their intentions to go'the next
time.there is any amusement•'. on
the Waldo .flats.
Mr, and Mrs. Robertson of Wai*
do and Miss Robinson, who has
charge of a school in England,
took Sunday dinner with lilr. and
Mrs. David Hart.
Mr, Vincent., Mueller arrived in
Kootonia Wednesday to spend, the
summer. He is delighted vlth it
as a summer resort arid rays he
knows his mother' who is also en
her' way with a camping paity
will like it.     ,
Mr. and Mrs. John D, Aye were
dinner guests at Mrs. Morrow's
last Sunday.
Tlie baseball game between Krap-
and Elko was decided in favor
of ICroig, and anothor game
will bo played next Sunday in
Thu employees of the Adolph
Lumber Co. arc organising a football team and expect to be full
fledged players soon.
■ 0 ■ * ■
Mr, C. M, O'Drien, organiser for
the, S.P, of C. did some good mis*
sionafy work around Moyie and
vicinity last week. On Friday
evening he visited the sawmill and
lumber camp of the Porto Rico
Co-1 ,, nnd addressed the men at
botn places. On Saturday he held
a stmt meeting.in Cran/arook and
on Sunday afternoon he addressed
a meeting in the miners hall here.
Mr. O'Brien is a good speaker
and makes a good impression. He
makes the Socialist doctrine -quite
clear and spends no time denouncing individuals who may happen
to hold views slightly different
from his own.
' It it rumored that the C.P.R. in*
twids'' to  build-  a' summer hotel
•should.be one ofth* stjong orgm-,.- bwri on th« west tide ot tho lake.1
t*iv,i^^;rj^ # 4 wcceM We hope
r;l)a^»wrdlng.'*M«raUry» to set itgo ahead	
b^^r^!^ tm"" Th#" *** »P«t in tbe Koot«.
be elected ihd byl-iai adopts -*fe .«J '^n.,,,,,,; Rnd th<r, lf no
fi™*^,!*.*** «»SiW»,»>l}»l nicer .i.te.for, a. mining camp any*
^V __.__<_*■ ■ ^lOfi-aiaami-- • .' "*»Here .than Moyie., On* thing.
!."- CpAXL.    CREEK - < ■: t which has bllgbtW Moyl.'s growth
  ^so far it thelaet that it haa   for
so far-been a one mine camp. This
The Bankhead Mines-Ltd:,-worked foiff days last week. It is believed that the mines will run
steadier in the near .'future. The
miners of Bankhead would be glad
to see such take place because they
tbey didn't come to Bankhead for,
the good of their health. '
Mr. John R, Galvin, vice president of district 18, U.M.W. of A.
with a committee-consisting of the
president' of this local, Wm. Dunlop, district board member, who
represents sub district No. 4, interviewed the , management oi the
Bankhead Mines, Ltd., last' week
for the ' purpose of trying to fix
a contract on the pillion of No. 5
seam. Tfce management and this
committee failed . to agree. Therefore the quiestion has been referred to the Disputes Board, which
is supposed to meet on the 10th of'
every month. -. ';: > ,
Bankhead vs. Banff'.met "again on
Saturday, 'June 6, for the fourth
time at Banff. The Banff team
was composed of players from the'
north and the .south ^which come
to Banff in the summer months as
tourists. ..The Bankhead* team are
all composed ; of,, [working lads.
Therefore, it was'an easy victory
for Banff. •>.The 'two")teams, are 'on
an even footing -noW, '*two' games
each.., The deciding^game will be
played^^^the^near future. .. The
officials of~the~Eanikhead^eam7"are
going to import-a few of. the old
country crack players for the next
game'.,,' ,""      '    \J      "
Banff vsi BanKheaS1 met on Saturday, June ''6,.\ on-'-*-'the ;• Banff
:grounds.^ :There^ wsaA^a.-v.bigi^qrowd.
oA the grounds;. this -is', the,..flrst,
tifae.thiB season fp-fj,these.! two
teams to meet.. The game was a
hard and fast driij, But the Banff
boys"were tbo good'fbV-the BistrA*
head. team. Final score 4 to . 1,
in favor of Banff...
. C|f...We.';>beg' to- inform you -. that-: we .have
opened-; a-[Wholesale:Fruit and Produce,
Wareh.Qi.ise at Fernie, from which point
we ,are-:-prepared  to *'catec  tb:yow^wants
*        -. '      ^ ,   j . '      1      ---   . »*•*■■*"*' <
and  will-give'1 immediate, attention  to   all
orders either by  mail or wire.,
Cf Thanking you  for your liberal patronage in   the past, ° we are. at your service.
*3k '
P. 0. Box 477
Fernie, B. C.
V* \*4» *.»# «,*4» *.V \V ♦,*•> <l* \l,a a.T» a.?,- «,T,a \,f \1? s»> a,»> \X/ \V V/> \tf <!» *»*4* \V W \V A
*^1V -"IV fl* »*i> »*A> 11* **i*» <iV ♦*",*» a*i"» «*1V •*»> #iV *•,> *••> <i* *"i\ *£* *"M\ *f* *£* **> *^i> '!*• <.*» *i
Relative to the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act
Kefoury   Bros
Buy  now and   save  20 to  50 per  cent,
discount, as  we want to reduce stock
Men's Working Shirts - - - SOc
LadiesrWhite Blouses .;;<•:■■ SOc
Men's Good,Suits     -     -     -     -       $7.50
-Men's^Worltei-ae— Shoes -f^»^^»_-_-«i._i$i8,00.-
Gent's Furnishings, Boots and Shoes
Dry  OoodsJ   Etft.
.146 Victoria Ave.   - '-■■.'        •    J *  '•     '■'   v' „ ''/ ; 77 Baker Ave.
\ The Hev. Uf. SUanson occupied
•the pulpit ef the VieehyUrlkh
tihtucH.ln Fexnie on Sutiday, CTurie
7thv  Mr.  John   Hughet of    this
..place •.oud\lctc<i,ilie services   here
io his absrnee.  ,'    ,
iaeenvenienea), it would item, is
soon to be be removed. It Js now
a race between the "Cawbrfan"
mine and th* "Aurora," to see
which will h*> a »hlp**»r flrst. The
Cnrnbrian is    sinking n shsft    in
I think the notice Issued by the
manager of the appellant company
and put in as evidence on, the
part of the prosecution is'such as
would lead any ordinary employee
of the company to consider it a
refusal to employ him further, and
tho case in question seems to me
to come, under section 56 of the
Industrial Disputes Investigation
Counsel for the appellant relied
upon tho fact that the signal was
given on tho night of the 10th of
October (which was also th'e dato
of the notice referred to) for stop*
rago of work bocause of a shortage of cars. I might say that I
did not And anything in the evidence to prove positively that
there wero no cars at the time
this' signal was given, although,
there was evidence that tended to
suggest such a condition. Further
it appears to me absolutely impossible to roconcilo this contention with the notice in question.
The reason given in the notice for
the request to the men to remain
idle was their failure to keep up
the output of the mine. It seems
to me that the effect of the notice must necoBsarily weaken the
contention I have just referred to.
Again, tho shortage of ears would
not relieve the appellant of the
consequences multin** from the
notice on the 12th of October, the
following day, when no previous
signal as to auch a shortage of
cars had been given.       -
The appellant's counsel cited' in
re Richardson's ' and Samuel its
Co,, 08 L.J.Q.B., 888 and Bttyh*
ens vs. Harris 87 L.J.Q.B,, 803
l« eu'riTirtrt nf the1 rontentinti that
the refusal to employ workmen
when there is no work for tunm to
do,< wars not a lockout, but under
MiaTi-sireumstaneei I do-Hot think
that'eitheriof these eases/' which
arbi» in eonnection with charter
•oaHliM, > are at,all like the ee.ee
now- under ,«©*r»siaei"atlo!A. 1 do
not doubt that losd-the aopellint
sinVoly nlven the *i*nal for. no
work on account oMaek of esr«,
and'had vroved such fn be actually the ea«e, thev could in *n« w*v
he convicted of violation of cee*
Mon M of the I-vdnetrfr-l Df-mutee
\n"e<ttltr*tion Met or ot r!i**el*,r(n*"
• InrV/aiit. Tn the ftM-rn*-** *>•)•« r't-
ed above, "Hi*i>by, t.T. etivn. "I do
•'•' .1    ''/ ,'    ..-'I.   '.
Phone 138      Res. 92 Pelfat Ave*
and Embalmer
of the city
(Charter Member ol Mnnitoha nnd
Alberta Underlnkuri' k Kmbnlmers'
Satisfaction Warranted
Picture   Framing and, Furniture
Repairing in connection
- -■   - - -, n i
Office &  Parlors
209 Victoria Ave.
Dealers * in - Wagons,   Sleighs,
,and Dump Carts
AH kinds of Spring Rigs nnd
Office      Waldorf Block
Phone 41 „     Res. Phone 76
not Bay that in another case the
dismisuai of men by an employer
might not possibly bo analogous
to a strike or lockout, but having
regard to the circumstances of
this case and to the fact that the
dismissal of the men was a thing
done solely for the pecuniary interest of the factory, X do not
think it could be treated as analogous to a strike or lockout,"
To make these cases here applicable, it would be necessary to
eliminate the notice entirely,
The appellant further comtended
that the notice' was a mere appeal
for an amicable settlement, but X
am unable to take that view of
it, indeed X am inclined to think
that the material part of tho notice is the reiquest for the men to
remain idle,
•'Th* *..H»»-««*i*f«, that the men
should come to tn amicable settlement, seems to me to kxx* tx-eu
quite unnecessary .in.vinw of the
fact that the Board of Concilia-
.tion . waa then;dealing with,,the
-question. Vet the rntre faet of
this alternative b*in** mentioned
would lead me to the view tbat
there was in attempt toUorte- •«-
settlement by requesting* the < men*
to remain idle if they did not
come to a settlement.
For the reasons X have given  X
will dismiss the appeal with costs.
•Judge of the District Court of the
Judicial District ol Miteleod. "
Customs House Broker
Fire Insurance
P. 0. Block    Phone 143
Buy Your Furniture
from us. If you
are leaving town
we will
1 ? :«*2
Buy it Bad*
Cheapest house in town
-'    11.1. Itttr, hafaitaV
>.    '  . • . »*
Naif. to TmtmriU HeUl   ItolUkveAv*
■    -"":"-■■ JSST.'" '
•WUliiUB, and "Bt. Pfaul
Chicago'....:.;.. - '..■   '72 50
Hew York ...... .........   108 50
Jflontreal...  ,105 00
St. John; NiB... ......   120 00
St.-Louis"..*.?:; ..•;■:.'.:.    67 50
Toronto*::.'.;.'..'.'.  94 40
Ottawa..: ..:  105 00
Halifax  ... 131.20
Sydney, C. B  136 80
* Tickets on.sale Slay 4 and
18; June 5, 6, 19 and 20;
July. 6,' 7, 22 and 23, August 6, 7, 21 and 22, 1908.
First class round trip, ninety day limit.
Routes-T-Tickets   are    good
via any recognised routes Is
one or both directions.     To
destinations east of Chicago ,
are good via the Great Lakes
For Rate*. Reservations nnd' nny in-
fort/nation,' desired call nn or write
D. I' A. G. P. A
Nelson Winnipeg
ior the tarm, girden, lawn or
lieliable,,  approved   varieties
•at-reasonable prices
No windy agents to annoy you
Bay direct and get trees and
seeds that GROW   „',;
Bee SupplUe, Spray Pumps,
,   Spraying material and   >•
•-'•--. ..Cut Flowers   .
T"^"   ""Catajogue-Free-1"^5—
8W-J. Henry
Greenhouse'— 8010 Westmlneter
■'"■ Rond,--Vaiicouu«r,-B.C\
The Rinman Kaminski Co.
CHrocerica, Dry Oooda
Boots and Stioeta
West of Queen's Hotel
HOSMER,    B.   C.
Table Queen Macltiuc*ni»ilv
Is the .'.nil you can enjoy three
times aduy und seven clays In the
wick, Don'i deny it to the
children between meals, lliuy
nre (jrowinf,'.
Our cakes and pastry arc of
the finest (-uality.    ,
Ice Cream, rrulU, Etc*
*n.f Hosmer Optra Co., tt Hat*
rt*r, B. 0., art open for bids on
fittings, ehaUs, tables ')la»oi, eU.
Tor particulars apply to
Vox 976
: The Elk Vaitey Livery
ii Dray & Transfer to.
i,,'.", A!!,'kinil« Pi ,,.
'    TeMilir nl'
Traufer Wert
Clapp & Letdw, Props.
0(T. Tel. 6 Residence Tel, 1149
p. 0. no* ji6 Mlyili.'ln'v StS^tstUAlX tTt2-
DISTRICT    LEDGER,    FERIOE,   B. C, JUNE 13, 1908.
. ,....,.9ont-^llrled..-fr0n-1 page 2.     ,_
trict    Secretary-Treasurer,      Joan
Simpson; District Executive Board
Member - "lor' sub    district   So/ 1,
„Chas.  • Billing-ton,  Louisville, - Col*
^oradVj.-Sub&Strict So.' 3,'X*did n^ot'
.get;..-sub,'dis't.ric-t'*;"No:,, "4>:Sobert
jiteverid^e'^.-^Lguilari ^Qolora'doy; sjk'o
{district-.J.' di'-i-bj-'-Fran'-i Hefferley^-bf
.Mosshiure"rJaad' i-^^'sHa**!^?- V1^). ?
• -aominatedJ.andl'Xete'rreS1* tb*. a;?ef erp
iendum vote .of' thtJ.'Sub" district for
.-a choice'} 'this -being -a'newly creat:;
raidV'sub'j/district'.j-takenVfcpm  sub'
,'district No.,4." 'After deciding'' by
vote to'hold\ the .next annual con--
vention .;n .Pueblo thesthird Mon^
day in September;-1§04;,*.and havf
,ing    ,a^:few-1"-short talks- from- the
■newly .elected, officers,' the 'coriveri-
jtion- aajouimed iane die, and after
.supper.the entire ."cr,owd. oi'dele--
J gates   took in.- the town _ together
iuntil-about  10  p.m., when   -they
had addressed  coal v.'.::.eTis    :t.->y-'
ings  near  the  towns   of Hastings
and Kaje'stic.. Assisting Mr, Fair- ;
ley, was James Mooney,- of Missouri, also a member of the Ncltlo!-.;'.
Executive Board of the^union. The
town    of     Hastings is an almost
impregnable /  stronghold   ' of   the
Colerado Fuel &'Iron Co., a town
.vl]jich ,the- xuihaUowed ;iei»t, pi'.-.^a.,
union' organiser -."may 'lio't-V enters -■"*.•
'•'After the union leaders had,left'
iilajestic,     and   while    they'  were
a^-ou-t   one    and     one-halt   'milts
irom Bowen,  eight masked    -men
held-theniJup with reyolvers^dra"^.
ged them''h-om).their \vag"on;^t*hr-ews
tf^e'iu ' -^o'^thevgi6,and»*-H!eat*.'&**mi,si|
(ticked   .   'them ,   , and        almost'
Sjrbsequently     , - knocked        them
iKto insensibility.   More;than like-
'J'y\"    operative' Smith 'lisdaiiid    •t*o\
cheir tale oi woe-with'ihdignanti^-i
-dashing  eyes,  arid.'-.b'ewailed:" ' the'
c'riiel     fate    which seemed- to dog
them at every step.
■•-.We cannot blame the coal miners' union for their failure.'"-'How
willing to meet with us as. individuals', but to, treat'with us as a
committee, never."
On July 3U, 1904, after all the
stns.es had been suppressed by tlie
militia', Lroveiffor' reaooay published   a" statement in the1 tress,
irom which we' quote:      ' :, .,„,:.
- "it win be, a matter of great, re-
gsret to -me. ii-. the.lad011115, uuiviijo-t
'-v.nis -state 'fail*- to* see- tna^-uT^-.'asrii.
iig-nting their battle, ior j. sincei-tsj-
ly beneve. that ; oiganised laoPf
nas no more dangerous enemy t-ian
the vVestsm Feaeration of Miners,
wiilch. is see/sing under the' cioa^-oi
'.organised ":;labor-- ,to.prbtect„vitself
**- --■ -*'->----'•    .-    .-'--, -a   'i    -  .;..-*--■-.
-began' leaving for their respective , ..lio^d. they know that theirikbst.
'homes,   and  at  1.30 .a.m.,. I  took   .dangerous,  implacable  enemy was
Ithe train home, . where I arrived   0^e ^g for years' had been     and
at about 6,00 a.m.  • . j still was above suspicion, in fact,
Yours'respectfully ..:. I one whose apparent zeal and] self
As tlie reader will observe in'the i'sacrifice endeared him  to  all     his
above reports, it was the sense of 'comrades? • , *-. -      >l(
the convention     that    unless they !   : Qn Saturday> April 30j 3.904, w.
H,~ Wcrdjon, a national organiser
or the United Mine Workers, while
on board a train en route to Pueblo, was assaulted by three men
at. Sargents, about thirty, miles
west* 01 Salida. Mr. Wardjon was
j beaten into unconsciousness.   ■
'made a determined stand for their j
rights,'their organisation' would
soon,fall,into irretrievable ruin, a
misfortune which would subject
the coal miners indefinitely to the
grind of a system destructive alike
■• to body and soul.    Therefore,,   in
• order   to save   the     union      and ,„,,_..       ,    .„    ,        , „
themselves the minors laid , their i ihe' Colorado Fuel nc lion. Co.,
just grievances before J. Mitchell, I 'win .naturally disavowI'tnoir con-
National- President of the United i nectlon Wlt]1 ths2s& outrages; yet,
Mine Workers of America, rind.bBg-i""8 as*> and thepu-blis ap.-cs: -t-v.w
god' him to come to their assist-'] was lt Possible in tne farst place,
»,,„, .    - ■        ior anyone not on tlie insiae     ot
x.     -j    4.'tit-4 t. n j'„j    4.     things    to '-follow  .iii     .::e    root
"'vpciripTif   T»TitpV,pll    rpRnrt-nrifri      T.n '    ,.     to        ,, . *■
01 tne union organisers so correctly?   In   the     second place can we
President, Mitchell responded   to
■ this  appeal,   and  wired- the  management of the  Colorado Fuel   &
' Iron  Company,   asking  for an interview between the operators and
the union looking toward a peaceable    adjustment   of     the miners'
grievances.   The company, in answer to Mr. Mitchell's request, sent
-him-this telegram:
Denver, Oct. 7, 1903
-1   John Mitchell, Indianapolis,  Ind.,-
Answering your telegram of yesterday- in Mr.  Heam's  absence,  I
have to say that we have not been
advised and  d'o   not   believe  that
our   'miners     have    any desire  to
strike,     as we  have  always    been
-   able to adjust' directly with them
any differences that exist.
We do not. think,your organisation is authorised, to represent our
miners, as very fsw of them belong
to it.
If you,understand the situation
. as- it really is,' you no doubt ' regard   the    inciting' of any further
industrial disturbances in. Colorado  as ill-advised and criminal.
,   ' J.1     F. '   Welborn.,
c'   -In   this.0 -telegram  Mr.   Welborn
'gives one the idea that the Color-
*ly     ' ignorant        of        the      do-.
? ings -    of the    ■  coal-miners" un-
^ion^ and .innocently believed   that
\ihei'r employees really had'no" cause
;for,complainti "Considering    ,that:
'Ythey kept, jealous, ceaseless   watch
;vbn their men, "openly through' de-
■;'puty '  sheriffs,    secretly     tiirough
■ '.'Pinlterton,    operatives)    it   would
'■-seem'-* to "us '   that the above "tele-'
gram* was either a white or black,
lie.' Regardless■ of  color;  the fact
.   remains that' the telegram of   the
fuel-company to'president Mitchiell
•is a lie, and an insolently worded,
one at that.   However,, nowadays.
believe that men will mask themselves aiid beat' their fallow-m&n
into insensibility, unless they are
ordered to do so by someone above
tiiem and paid well i'or their v,ri-
luinal services? Third, it is impossible' to believe that the leaders of
the union hired thugs to hold
them up,'and unmercifully beat
them. Fourth, there was only one
way whereby the moves of the
union leaders could b"e accurately
known in advance by a-ay outs*..i-
ers, namely, through a leak in the
union. Fifth, we itnow that this
leak was iii the person of the talented Pihkerton Detectective Robert M. Smith. Sixth, as the latter reported exclusively to the agency and-to the Colorado Fuel &
Iron Co,, vlthere can be no doubt
on earth that;the outrages described' were' committed by thugs
hired expressly for that criminal
work by some responsible official
or officials of the company.
-People have been condemned -to
death on circumstancial evidence
far weaker' than' is ours; and"-we
can'see> no reason why, in the interests -of a common brotherhood,
a cprporation can behave as it
pleases/ when, thousands of bayonets are'at iis command for the
mere asking.
Besides, the company actually
hungered for a .battle. Its position was so secure, and its plans
for defence and offence so pertect,
that a conflict, particularly during Governor Peabody's administration, could only' end with   ig-
niioiuinous defeat for ,the coal miners,,, and would enable the company to give the latter such a lesson that they would not dare to
think of striking a^-ahi for years
to 'como,
President ;;Mitchell accepted tho
challenge implied in the company's
telegram and ordered the coal
miners of Colorado to strike, In
brief, the demands oi the miners
were, an oiglit hour day, increased
■ wages, payment of wagon in United States money, and tho right
of, the men to join a union.
In the beginning tho strike seemed destined to succeed. Tho do-
mands of the poor'miners wore Ho
Just, that thoir r-nuse ought to
have wttn on its merits. Again, almost all the coal miners in tho
southern Holds had lo.tpouded to
tho call, quit work and affiliated
with tho union.
The United Wine Workers of America nnd the. Colorado Fvnl &.
Iron Co., now faced each other on
the industrial battle Jleld, the for-
moi* confident 01 Burcoss, tho lat*
tor grimly ecc-iri' in the hnowlodgo
of victory already won,
Operatives Smith and,Strong be*
ing old and tried union men, wero
now   able to rendor yood service.
Oporativo Smith va>. at this timo
especially wotth l'»ii» weight In gold',
to the company, for ho possessed ',
the abhoiute confjdonco 01 tho lra'l*
erioi tho strike,' and know days in
, advance wh'ut tho union intended
*   to do,   Th.u», ,if tjio lenders secfet-
ly planntx!'   to  goncV an  organiser1
, to h' certain camp to nrtdrcsn,   011-
'»,.,. 1 II U'   .     IV       ,t ...
.J.1.,rt„  ......   u-»   »-.„>—-   ■•-     •••   -
nf     thnt'     en 11111.   n'lerntive   f-lmlt't
• would    at   once send tho news to
the agency and tho company.
,    A., a icMilt of operative Smith's
. "clever and inli3Hjj(*:it"  work,    t\
n.'ia'r.er of un'rm 'orgnnlHrrr. leen.v.
such "'rascali^"'m'e"thrdds"~'as" were
ve.ry,'probably adopted.rby the.'.Co'l-
oraclo Fuel & Iron CompaiV'.y.'ith
the active- co-operation of Pinker-'
ton's "National Detective Agency,
should not be thoroughly aired
before the public. "'    "' •'  '" ' "".'!' ,.
Turn as they would, the leaders
of the 'coal miners iii" Colorado
met Shameful defeat. Trained and
veteran leaders of, ,thei-TJnited Mino
Workers, who' hadvachieved notable victories for President Mitchell in 'Eastern States, met their
Waterloo in'- th'b> Colorado fetrik'o.
That wolf iii'sheep's'clothing.' in
thoir midst, that man who ,was.;a
coal minersby trade.-and .a' Finker"-
ton operative^by"profession, cir'-'
cumvented all their plans, defeated all their hopp.s an.V ne'jped
rivet tho shackleo *f a miserable
servitude move closely than ever
before on the emaciated limbs of
those men who trusted implicitly
in his loyalty and honor, and called him "brother."
aliice1,..'-^' iii ■_'„- tli.e.'S v'^io-iiuiga-
tibn'"' of''its* '*dishonest'"Social,.sDiic
theories, which .recognises no right
to_ private property, and from t-fje
xepix^ai its anarchistic tenets aiatt
'ten'-toic'ie**.1; '"•■i.'egitiniate labor, pr-;
'gaaisa'tionS'ofinece'ssity suiier from
tne criminal aggressions of trie
Federation." -^
jttere it is: On Augubt i3i, ,lt>0i>,
Go'vUr'nor A-eauoay v.oaia not e»eu
eiiteiMl a towium.Be 01 tne conser-
vutiVia1 ana l&gitimate gimea j.u.iae
v. oiitoi's 01 jiiueripa tne coiiitcsy
01 an mtervie*.*.*-, betause tney ca.ii-
eu' ,011 him as xe^resentative^ of, a,
j.abor union, acaiceiy 'one year
later, on July au, l»U'l, tne same
governor poses as a iriehat! 01 lac-
ur and would' give tli** latLer a cd-t.
of latherly advice L-y ' v, ,'i..'r,g
"legitimate labor organisations.t,o '
bd*Aare of the criminal agtgressions
oi tne V/esLern i* ederation 01 miners."'
Had Governor Peabody. been, an
artist he would never nave published the above statement.
And now let us see how the Colorado Fuel & Iron C3-n.pj.11y, alter
naymg snattered tne strength of
die strikers and broken tne courage of their leaders through,, tne
cievcr work-of Operative ci. ith,
xhially tipped over the 'already tattering wall, and buried in its
ruins the last,atoms of resistance
to . their unscrupulous methods.
The betrayed union leaders were
discouraged ■ and, weary of ,the
surike.within a'bo'.it 'J. i> oiitiis aUfj;
its commencement, and tne rani
and file shared in the* despondency
01 their chiefs. The Colorado Fuel
&"Iron Company i-.new tlie state of,
mind" of-botn leader's and men,
thanks to operative Smitu... Tney
decided that the time w 1-' .'Ic.-' npe
to put the finishing tc*.i(':ie> to lii^s
miserable struggle by calling, on
the' Governor to send the militia
down to Las Animas county to
teach the miners that the modern
definition of "strike" is "rebellion." -. ...
Governor P&abody, who would
not treat" with the representatives
of a labor union in their official
capacity, had no hesitancy on going down on his knees before capitalists' who "demanded" that he'
send" troops to ivage war against
men. whose crime was that .they
wished ' to' be treated like ,'human
beings • and not -worse - than "dogs.'
•'■We'"'know-! .'"*we.-. t*a)i)i(/!;. sur-
prise_.^.the .reader," by. .telling.'him
-^ """ '^~22ndpi90'i-,^--thJ
the j county    of
I he had, outlawed" ths quartz "min-
| ers; knowing as we do, that whatever crimes were committed in the
.southern-, coal" fields, .were.on    the
■ persons and property of the strikers.—it follows that t'ne a,-overnor's
proclamation -affecting   - the jicoal,',
njinsrs. is. as .black, a/ fabrication as
the hearts  of the officials of    the
coal coinpan3r.    , , ;     , ';,.'.   ..    ■, ',.'■_
"As the'word of a notorious "fabricator-would not be -belie.ed un-
d'er • oath "fby a'jury, we carmot-'-see
•S-Iry Peab'ody's word should-be beP-'
lrevrbd'wheh-he 'charges other^'per-
■Joiis "dr organisations •" .with", the
diTi^'es t'^at-he1 • "clitarged th'e innb-'
cerit','- arfd'cioinsl^peisecii'te'd -mem-',
hers****! -Qie •■; Uiiit'ed* MinerWorkers
of.Ani'erida''.-''- '-i-'"  .'-•"'£-•:.'-■,"    -F-
■'.'::!'  *ll'.l(     -.'.-ii-!..,-.'     .■•-;*-;>'.■'''■-!,■*!
• "^jy0r_.jgeBh.5T. ,-g^l w-as, anpoint-,
ed. coixunan.df^' *9_f__.the«o*iilitiia,in
Las AnJjina^}.,,_cQuntyn. vj-itji .headquarters at "Trinidad. ,Ma,J4tj'v,.,., Efill
w.a.s a^.y^y.energetic,.officer, _'v and
the _cp.-i,l miner's,;' no^r'Jput-.t^rei-cem-
ber'him Wjln great affection!' .'
C-urfevfi 1 wa, s ■> established. >and'- en-
forcedvj-^o'psrron; was'.'allowed.*wn
I After playing with the bewildered strikers for two 'or throo in on "lis
much: tho same as a cat doos with
a mouse, tho dolorado Fuel &
Iron Company decided to end the
already broken strll'e, by letting
looso the military on the v,*nfovt-
unato miners.
Wo hato to refer again to Governor Peabody. The vory mention
of Ms nnmo has a sicl'eiiing effect.
But again refer to him wo must,
and will.
Somohow tho coal minors had
got tho foolish idea that Governor
Peabody was,, very • friendly to
them, and would do all in his
power to advance thoir cause with
thu Colorado Fuel & Iron Company. Mover wns a more c,rotea-
rj/uoly pitiable mistake mado. . . .
Justice nnd compassion from this
tool of capital?
Ilia Excellency never hesitstod to
tell a falsehood. The,reader has
noticed that, Hut wo cannot give
this ono-timo governor tho credit
for boing an export .iai\ Gov.-;
nor Peabody was an amateur at
the calling and a bungi^r, Tho fallowing incident demonstrate*- tho
truth of the statement nnl alpo
i.roves how' friendly tho governor
was to the coal miners:
On Augu.it SI, .1003, tt committee of the United' Mino Workers of
America, consisting of "Prcsidont
Wm, Howells ol District No. 15 ;
John I... ; Gohr, ;a'member of tho
National Kxociitive Board, and
Duncaii'Mnedonald, a National organiser, came to'DenvDr for    tho
•nvv>,4,pr,   nf  iv«H'*'-(*n ' tlin   r*«l""'<r*nnr'n
aid'in bi-lmlf of tho miners. Tins
codiiuUli-'o uut emboldened in approaching ,thiif|jovei--'>..r,l.c*'au*-** ,it
wai "f/ennrftlly understood th'at
Colorado';-. qxpcuHvp felt friendly
toward ths -jjood coal minors, and
tp.-i!1** wn'ilr'  nnt  rtenl v/it.h    tV.tm
the l
unknown-mitnked'mon,  urosumaViy. ho,/]»,7 flH hr had dealt with the
,.In the employ of th» conviny.      !,lul Western F-idorntion of Miners.
The following incident 'rat   ono     Tho committee wont to the ritate
of • matfj* events "of' a .like nature   -•■_>itol, vthne they requested    an
that helped break the coal, miner's ■ interview with tho governor. The
•vf-vpijior's private ., secretary told
. strike.
A'TVtf: F>*irii»ry 1.1, U'01, Wm.
IFairleyi of Alabama, a mem, ..-r ci
thf Nationnl "Exeeuti^e Co'■■*■• •'
the Vnited Mine Wor/er*. oi Atr»*.-
Jca and the tier**» . . n-,'H-«.:.*:t
llva*. of Presidfnt Mitchell in the
totidxxrt   of   the   Colorndn stiik-
tlu-m to call nr-nin in the a'ter-
tiocr. at P..'*W, When they called
at the am»olnted timet the" were
>ti.'ini>r<i vh-* j_oviiiinoi wuuld nut
secejvf) them. One of the rommit-
x*e Inti-r said to a repre-wntntive,
of„tlw     press: "He was perfectly
that""- o n' ■ "MarclT
GpVernor- declared
Las Animas to be in a state of insurrection and rebellion. .The sur-=
prise comes rather in the wording
of„_his  Excellency's  proclamation,'-
which"'is almost'*' identical'"with"' his
previous ,- proclamations' ' placing
S'anT. Miguel1-1 and'-Teller, counties
vnder martial law,   . -.
'.This    last ^-proclamation proves
what   ,   ari. ;';'.•; inconsistent'.i, and
reckless'''. ■'//;", falMfier'     .    Peabody
was.  and''''tarsihini'.'forever,-r"_>,'from
the society' of'artistic'liars.'-,,'      .
'The 'gbverno'r,'-_in'1-his -finnl ''message, to.'the :state"*legislaturer had
thi^J to*-'say -under "tae heading of
Industrial ,.,T(rou/bles":,4,.,. . .....
"Early in my administration a
certain organisation'known* as tlie
Western Federation ■. of. Miners,
claiming public consideration ua-
der the name * of Labor, whose officers and those in direct charge
of its management aro bold, careless, reckless men, attempted to
ferment trouble in several of the
industrial sections of Colorado to
the end that that particular organisation' > should -havo recognition in tho operation,and management of tho mines', mills and smelters wherever located in the 3tate,
which effort culminated in <ho arbitrary calling of the most senseless, causeless, unjustifiable and
inexcusable strikes over known in
this or any other country.
Believing that my duty to the
people of this stato lay in protecting lifo and property in advance of
annihilation, I procoodod to stop
■ tho annihilation I proceeded to
stop tho unlawful methods of this
reckless band of mon, Tho incidents of tho altogether too long
conflict aro so familiar to every
resident of Colorado, I rmnll not
dwell upon thorn. Hufllco it to
nay law and order wero maintained, poaco restored aud prosperity
immediately followed,
"Anarchy cannot continue under
our • American form, of government, and tbo peoplo of this
state breathe free In' tho knowlege
that thoy nro entitled to lawful
protection, and'when the laws are
enforced can obtain it,"
According to his proclamation
placinir I*Ks Animas county undor
martial lav;; the Unitod Mino
Workors of America, liko tho Western Fed-oration of Minors were a
"Class of individuals which are
fully aniii'd nud m*ii acting together resisting tho laws.of tho state,
and that at different times snirt
Tjprsons nnd individuals have com*
•.M't-fM   arnflniii' ■r-r'in/i'J     rifir1       fun")
from time to time-attempts   have*
hoen madfl oy said, parties to de-
Ktroy property, etc., etc." '
Despite the' fact ' that - Iri th'e
dboVo pi'dclamatioa'he pnintfd'tho
cdal'minorH as   black a3 'tne coal
t1lr.tr   1!i'n<vTt      tVln   irlS-rcm n'.\"   i*l'*his
message, never mentionMi 'on?
word about hii outrageous com-
paign against tY.exxx, a campaign
which for eriiftUv nnd brutality,
could not, we believe, bo parallel*
ed oven in tho nnnnls of Ivnn tho
Atisuuiliiv; that the vovi-rnor n.ii
nothing   about   the   coal miners' ,
'-Ir'!*''', ! "-.im"" 1? th* *»ri»ftt- t<'r*>*ir»,«i;
he hnd done them;  afno con*.idrf
ing that ho uroelnimed them     as 1
outlaws ir. the name manner that
the ■ .'streets..after
the  evening. '-
The coal."niiriers'.'were" photographed like! notorious criminals,' by
the Bertilloh' system." ' Fighty
strikers'at Berwina; who objected
to being thus humiliated, were
marched , by a detail,. of .cavalry
for twenty miles tio Trinidad, in,a
scorching hot sun,! where, sufficient
force was available to photograph
and register these', men according
to the a'ertillon system. The" men
were given nothing to eat or-drink
on the 'road, 'and'one man who
fell by the roadside' was left lying,
in the sun. This event occurred
on May. 19, 190*1. y     ,
Meetings of the coal miners' union were forbidden, unless a soldier 'was present 'at every meeting.
The press, the'Helegraph aiid;,'tel-(
ephone were placed under rigid
military censorship.'
Coal miners were, deported" from
the state by train loads, without
reason and without appeal.-
The union had '.established a little colony of tents unknown ' as
Camp Howells in "Packers' Grove"
located in the river bottoms near
Trinidad. About 400 striking coal
miners lived iri this colony;' where
they were provided for by their
national organisation . The Colorado Fuel .&' Iron Company knew
that those men, comfortably .situated as they were, would' never
give-up the strike, so they apparently, gave secret instructions to
Major Hill,' who on the pretext
that the camp,was, unsanitary gave
the miners three days to,clear out
and disperse. -The miners humbly
obeyed this order. .   '
■This was a (campaign against
American citizens who wanted to
work •' eight hours and o ie-
ceive .their wages' in,lawful',money
of the United.States.    ",'"•'   -      :
.The coal miners*',:ould aot nrand
the oppressive rule of,the military:
ism, that incorruptible foe of corporate' tyranny and aggression,
that virtuous, intrepid, rare " and
conscientipus'friend. of labor, who
had done so much, to make the
coal "miner's strike a'successj pink-
erton Operative Robert   M. Smith,
So. 3SV ;      ; _
And the .officials of Pinkertcn's
Agency,,-and ■-the Colorado- Fuel ■&
Iron Company,laughed'-as: well-as
hard heasted-men' are'■•'able'1 when
they - heard'-how' completely- .'the
leaders of. the .United Mihe'Work-
ers- hadJ'been duped'; • especially, by
So: 38,-" who of all others-had
done the..most .effective^ work .-to
preaW the., •*>trike'.of..the" coal miners' in,Colorado\\    "i- -'.,,.
,_ uWh,ile, th_3, events-we h&ye.dlscrib-"
ed, in the foregoing "hapters v ere
transpiring'in' Colorado,"1' a'battle
as fiercely; i|Contested'"'*'wa's' 'being
fought betwe'en."!'inkeft6'ii's Agency
anat.the -t United /Mine Wcrievs 'in'
the state--of r-.W.yoming.j..Here, ,„'as
in., Colo-cadQ.s-tae unipn.-iought.ab-
solutelyl.in:ithe..=.dark, .neither-; .seeing nor suspecting the real source
of all their;.astonishing defeats..
.Wyoming .is .rich,.,in mineral deposits of: .different. varieties; but
production,,of coall.is.,one_of the
leading? , industries.- M" .the.- state.
The. biggest coal producing mines
in'Wyoming'are at'Pock Springs,
Carbon and Hanna, and'most of
them belong-to the Union "Pacific
Coal Company.  '       *   '  ->      "    '
The Union Pacific,Coal Company
bears the same relation to Wyoming that'the Colorado'Fuel'& Iron
Company does to Colorado; *• and
Pinkerton's Agency has"served'the
former in exactly the - same manner that it has served the .-latter.
:- It is now . strongly i; suspected
that-' the Colorado Fuel " &-Iron
Company'has for'many'"'years accepted hugVrebat'es from "different
railroad companies',' in "gross and
open violation of the laws, for the
purpose of destroying competition,
and it-is possible that' the federal-
government may put a stop to
this practice. It is now also
strongly suspected that the" Union
Pacific • Coal Company has been
guilty of stealing immense tracts
of , valuable government coal
lands. .It also .seems to be the,
common belief     that no searching
B. E. WALKER, President  "        "
AHEX, LAIRD, General Manager
a. H. IREL.-4ND, Superintendent of
Branches  -';.. ;'
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,00^
Rest, - -.-. 5,000,000
Total Asset's, - 113,000,00(r
"'.Branches "ttoou-jhout C-^ad*. an^ in the United-States ;an«l Enffland „
'---..■;«•'-" A- GENERAL-BANKING BUSINESS; TRANSACTED'" }'   > _''
'    "".      ','" '    COMMERCIAL AND FARMERS*. PAPER DISCOUNTED v  -;
-    ,,-,,. * .,- -- ;  ., s ■-' ,:'»4
Nf-!- «J';-&AVING&'BANk*!-'DEPA:RTMENT   y^'
-...v.-'. -.■■'■     -.^.'4     -fj;     •'-> ■---; *-     .    <n4     -i-     i      ■;.-,.-.,.. ;,t  -,.*••.     •   r-.vi'
'     Deposits-of $1 and upwards received, and interest allowed.**,,
cihrlreht rates'.■'•,- The 'depositor is subject to no (delay whatever te
the"withdrawal of th'e wlible.br any portion of the deposit.;-
....,,,  .a    -.'-■■■-'   '*-:»''    •."    ;;*;;- -V-'".-.   . ^i.J ,- •:* '.-."j Z'y"y.^     !- '-'
Fernie 'Branbir' .'   ".-   -Y ",      \,     -   H:."- •L.-'EdniondsV''Mnriafjer
,!,..      ;      :■   '      "    •-,.    '-'•.-',        .* •   .    f-     ''-• .■,'".',
♦ -'* • ''-. ■__ ■ :.'. -■-.  .' '_    -'I "i ♦
t  '
.ed 'thatrso 16iig.: as. a sworfv
of the corporations was the.p-over-
nor of the'state, labor could not
hope to get fair treatment, and he
therefore ordered the Colorado, unions, to' call',the .strike .off,' and
withdrew- the ' support of the national " organisation from >Cblora-
do. ,The .'Coloradovunion officials
stubbornly refused to obey Presi-
dent_ Mitchell's' orders,, and continued 'the strike a short time longer, "when it fell of. its own weight,
The strikers humbled, themselves
before tlie triumphant' coal com-
r-any^and returned to the'mines
again '■ to '.toil twqlve iho'-ai* ..shifts,
and ao-ain receive their hard'earned1 .wages in,tho scrip which enables; the company to'sell„to';-thflir,
employees'the'nece's-Jaries of' lif'e'at
atrociously high prices, ,,
During tho.few. monthsIth'at the
strike'had lasted, the United'Mino
Workers of America had expended
a huge sum of money.   	
When the strike was over President Mitchell' decided to appoint a
reliable man to attempt again to
organise the coal mlnern, despite
tho vigilanco of the company.*As
a good salary was attaclVcd to
this position, there woro plenty of
candidates; but niter thoroughly
considering the various applicants
President Mitch el 11 appointed til
national organiser ,for tne Unitod
Mine Workers of America, that
tried   and   true dovotoo of union-
steal  will  ever
persons   fvery
of this gigantic
be made, because'
high   up" on Wy
oming's  political  ladder  are  parties, to this transaction.-
Continued on page 7.
Two Cars of Sew--
cr /Soil ' Pape v.and.
Plttnifoittg; Supplies
Flea.se     ca-H     satidL
get 'psrices '
..■J- 'Pr-
Hardware    and  . Fur:mtii££-'e
<tt*W>4><t®^4t-+Jt*'t?4>i?4>«.^*.-l>'ti> ^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•^♦^♦♦♦♦•»-«>*»*»'»
' Words of Praise ,'
: For the ssveral ingredients of which Dr.
Pierce's medicines are composed, us given
by leaders In all tho several schools ol
medicine, should havo' far. more weight
than any amount, of non-professional1 testimonials. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription has the badge of noNES'i"!? on every'
-bottle-wrapper, in afull list of all its ingredients printed ^n plain English. ' ' .^'
'from frequeiit.hcadacho.'bacUachfi,gnaw-,
'.ing dlstrffiVIn stomaeh,'periodical pains,
disagreoil/ie, catarrhal, pelvic .drain,
draggiif&'down disir.^s m lower abdomen
or pelvis, perhaps,* darlt''Spots or specks)
danci;<g before the eyes, faint spells and
klnd/wl symptoms caused by female weakness, o^thw'derai.Kem'ent ofthe feminine
organs, Wy cah/not'do-'better th-an take
Dr.' PlerAjs- Fa'v'ori to Pres'cri'ptipni •' '"'"',
' * Tlio'h*spltal,*surgoon's knife and operating talfjefmay bo -avoided by the timely
use of it'av'orltc Prescription'-'.In such
casos.. ■ TlierC'hyjjtho^-n.o.siflus^.^ni|V
phvsician can bn avoided and a- tliornugli
' a4,...7.„IW4.4fc»4^—IW4,**>-.."4Av-f4—J^44...„i.. H—.^—"■'**"■".-'■^ .
c2il£i1' ° Is.' ccc>?sf u urea tm enj^carned ma
in j no ■piratij^TfirTJjpjnf), 'Tavo'ri'to
Prescription" Is composed oTtho very'best
native medicinal-roots known to medical
science for tho euro of woman's peculiar
ailments,-contains no. alcohol, and, r.o
harmful or habit-forming.drugs.   *
Do not expect too much' frdm "Favorite
.Proscription;"It will .not perform miracles ; It will not.disolvo pr euro tumors.
No medicino will. J.t wlll'do as much to
establish vigorous health In most weaknesses and ailments peculiarly Incident to
women as any medicino can. .It must bo
given a fair chance by perseverance In its
use for a reasonable length of tltno. -,
'>-£l!X!Uill>-'-'4to tf aprrrti nna*
trum as a Mib'.tlttito for thl**, winm-iy n(
lJi*£S^!i'!imj,f,'ib ISi.
Sick women nro Invited to consult Dr.
Pierce, by lotter, free. All correspond-
oni'o is guarded ns sncrodly socrnt and
'wimi'iiily uoiilidcinica nro protocj,oil by
profiwilcnal lnivacy. Addross Dr.,H. V.
PIitco, KuCi'a.o, N. Y.
Dr. 1'loi'co's Plonsnnt Pollota tho best
Insntlvo und regulator of tho bowols.
'J'Iip.v Invigorate stomach, llvor and
bowels. Ono a hiM't.lvo i two or throo a
rivtliartlc   Easy to take as candy.
The Dominion Meat Co.
Fresh''''and   Salt' Meats' oLall-r kinds,.',in .stock,
• Poultry,''FisH and .Oysters'in'season..«..?
*'   . Dairy .Butter and 'Rahcli Eggs",'" - "
■ Phone 4
Victoria1 Ave
Wc have the following* machinery, for
sale on which we will j^ive a real bargain
One   Washington    Hand   Press
•*   ■    . (bed'24^ >'3S)' ,
Ona 7x11  0.' S. Gordon Press
■' -.One 22-/J inch Wcsti'nan &' BnW. ,
Cutter, LevlM" .■;-■.■*■••'""-■ -,*   -*i
One    Babcock '.Drum   Cylinder. ...
. Press, Rack and Scrc\\;,'Distri-[ '
bution, Tapeluss Delivery* bed    -■
Own 3 H; P.* Water Motor
Wholesale & Retail
Always a choice supply of Beef, Pork, Veal,
Mutton,  and   Lamb on  hand.,   Hams,   ,
Bacon, Lard,  Butter and Jiggs.
Our Specialties
Fresh,   Smoked   and   Salted   Fish,  always a
good  assortment.    Try our Mince
Meat, Saurkraut and Oysters.
AH the leading lines ol
high   class   Chocolates
and   Confectionevy
i.... i, i , ..I.   . ..J..J.'.	
»,wa»j».;i i.aaiaf .i*aa*4**i
Tlilti nim'liincry will In* fi.ltl scpiirntt'lv or (iltotfe'ln-T
is .ill prnporlv ,im*J sui-iiri'lj bosi'il »imi rcmly io ship.
A-Iiln*'.'.  Tin1 M:in.ii»iT
•'•'•■ "GO!  TO
, ' "        '• ',        • ■ '«
H-aminond &.
. i - •,
JOrJIn , i>
Electrical   Contracting:
of    Evcjry    Descriptib-n
wW-S-m DISTRICT    -LEDGER,    FERNIE,  B. C, JUNE 13, 1908.
I W  \j*
Common House Hies as Transmitters of DiseaseGerms—
A Warning. ■/.•
>\The.health department of Chicago has issued-' a. warning'' against
the .deadly ,'poss?,Dilities 'of,' the1
common house fty. ' The' Chicago
document is good country-wide
advice.'     . ,     *' .-,"■'„•'
V "The only,way to educate the
public on ..the -pestilential character of the-: 'flies,'''-'said secretary,
3?ritchard, author of the bulletin,
■"is to" keep • everlastingly, .at it.
■Before :;;the",;.close of.the'summer,;
•with' the' assistance the newspaper's
■are giving, we hope to,have the
people thoroughly aroused to ■ the
dangers 'of ' admitting flies into,
their dwellings.
-.' "'Fly time, is not far away. The
common house fly i£-a nuisance;"1
'worse than  this,  lie  is   a pest—a
menace to health.'*'   ':
"For several , years physicians
have been studying flies as carriers
of disease germs and' more especially the probable part they play
in the spread of typhoid fever and.
.'other intestinal diseases. Investigations already made disclose the
fact that .flies undoubtedly carry
the germs of disease on their feet
and this makes them far more dangerous than'iiiosqaitoes."
..'' "As is'' well, known, flies, swarm
„and breed in filth. During " the
.summer .'months they are, everywhere;   stables,'     barns,    garbage
• boxes, decaying animal matter of
- all'kinds swarm with them. From
•these' places they migrate . to  our
-.-home's-and are. crawling over the
•viands in'-process:-of cooking in
the , kitchen' and following them
even to "the dining room' tables.' *
"In   New York   city   a' commis-
*•.sion" of 'scientific men has traced
the increase of typhoid fever during the summer*months in certain
boroughs of" that city to  the pre-
■ valence of the * common'house fly.
- It was -found that the activity'   of
• .the-  common house'fly-is. in pro
portion to the temperature and the
time during which its most active
and of course, most numerous,
corresponds with the season of the
greatest prevalence of, typhoid and
other intestinal diseases.
It was  also  shown' that" several
epidemics ■ of a malignant form of
dysentery  radiated  from  a  single
. locality;     and   that  they entirely
"■disappeared when  proper disinfec-
,, ; tion-had .been enforced.' rIn several instances local outbreak's of ty-
■-'• phoid we're traced  directly to  the
,- -transmission' 'by, -'flies , by use of
'.the transit' of the" flies from filth,
"direct to .the kitchen.-
- Thus it will" be seen how easy it
. is, for' a common house fly, carry-''
ing.  thousands, of dangerous dis-
,   fcease- germs  in  its  mouth-arid, on
its feet, to scatter some of'  these
same,germs in the baby's milk or*
any other, article of human    food
with which it may come in,   contact,. "   ,
' The house fly is not born in the
house. ■ A few, flies have each winter hidden in cracks and crevices.
"When   the 0 warm    weather comes
. they creep' out and the female fly
seeks - a    proper  and  convenient
■ place, generally a manure pile,
where' it deposits about 150 small
white eggs. In warm weather tho
eggs will hatch in less-, than eight
hours.   Their growth is made    in
'the . form  of larvae  or maggots.
;   Inside   of   ten days,they develop
into flies ready to lay more eggs,
from which come more flies.
It is assorted that 05 per cent,
of*  all   tho horse    flies aro born
amid horse manure,, and that tho
'    remaining 5 por cent, a.re^born in
similar substances, • With all thoso
facts in mind, it- Is apparent that
flies can most roadily bo destroyed while In the larvao, stage, The
stable manui'o that has been thoroughly disinfected with chloride of
,     limo will not brood thorn. But this
Js  oxAWBive,   Tho bettor  way  Is
to havo all manure promptly   re-
.. moved from tho residence districts.
But as flios brood from tha ogg
1 to tho fly In Iosh than ten days,
a\\ stable manuro should bo    removed at least twico a wool-. This
Is Important, as no'manure moans
no flios,"
The   Bird   Enjoys   the   Sport   and, Is
-. Landed Uninjured.
With the birds settling by the dozen
'it is easy etiou.uli to capture spectuu'us
for  ex-iniinntiou   without, causing   III
Jury" oi- pain. . Any .sharply, barbed h'.ioU.
is  nlto.wTlier''superfluous.    The .albatrosses   absolutely   enjoy., the   excite'
.'iient, and  the sport obtained  is  not
without-ii'novel interest.-.-'
A siiiallnnetal frame should-be nia:!i-
in the shape 'of,a hollow triangle at-
jiiched to 100 yards of stout .line-iind
kept- iitlo-.it by a -.fiorid sized, piece of
-,cork.-.'The sides of- the. metal  frame
. lire then covered -with bits of fat port.'
the   hard   skin   of   which   is  securely,
bound "thereto *-   .The,^ bait, is" .thrown
astern', and the" line "is slowly paid "out
. Presently ii. great .iilliutross swoops
through the. air.:. lrii[ie^ljed by^ curiosity1
to Investigate"' the' nature of the float
Ing pork.    It settles before the dainty
morsel,of'food: numbers of birds fol,.
low suit, each' one,made bold by competition." aud then the sport begins.
; At this moment additional line inusl
be*given In order to compensate for
the progressing of the ship, thus en
aiding n bird to sei7,e the desired food.
With a sudden rush the supreme ef-
.fort Is • made.' Once or twice the attempt proves Ineffectual: but, rendered
bold by greediness, a final grab finds
the.curved bill securely wedged - Inside
the apes of the triangle, as the fienv
tugs on the line'quickly indicate.
Steadily the haul Is made, band over
hand, until a-helpless albatross, Is bodily lifted on to the poop in nn absolutely uninjured condition.    A slacUene-i
line enables the bird to'escape, and il
scattered .wits  permitted such, an• el
fort sudden Bight would obtain, release
The other birds Invariably commence-
to attack a: wounded comrade,-a stead>
fpull  being'required.1 even  If the*  line
'does, cut your hands, to save it frna*
Ills friends.    Once safely on'deck  Un'
mandibles are tied  together; for oi-i
erwise-the   bird  throws, up   an ' oily
fluid, a'disagreeable Habit possessed 1>;
all the tribe.    - .,
Subject to this precaution It ma.,
wander gravely around to survey the
new horizon of life. The, large eye-
gaze with a'truly pathetic confidence
expressive of anything but fear. -
It is a. strange spectacle to wit ••.(>•.;-
the inquisitive bird solemnly 'vra'id'.e
to nnd-fro among the equally Inquisitive, human' beings around. ' True, i'
objects' slightly to the process <*!'
measurement, peeking sharply by way
of protest, but a gentle box on the i>:i'i„
■soon induces submission as the'dimensions are..rapidly noted, the. albatross
meanwhile reposing affectionately in
the arms of the second otlic-er.
.The.specimen happens to be a stun!!
one. but tlie wing expansion from tl*>
to tip is less, than ten feet, the esticmr-
length' of body ."is three feet six inche--
aud'the formidable'bill measures upward of four inches.—Cornhlil Magazine. »;'    .v ..   „. ■    . -.
Ayer's Hair Vigor, new im
proved formula, is a genuine!
hair-food. - It fe§ds, nourishes, j
8 builds tip, strengthens,invigor- ■'
Bate's'.- The(;hair. grows' more
$ rapidly, keeps soft nnd smooth,
sand a!l dandruff disappears.
Aid nature a little.  Give your
hair. a.,-good' Hair-food, f- :.-y.;
Does not. change the color of, the hair. '■■.-
formula with »—yh bottl*
• Show it to yonr.
.,■''- doctor    ,
®. , '   "    .   '
•Tlar-e. Time.-is at
Tlie   Season   is
'.'••.,_/: ■"' .  y  ,/for*   .',,'"
Screen Doors, Ice Cream Freezerc,
-    : Boys* and Girls' Wagons,
Garden Hose  and  Fishing:  Tackle
Ask him about It,
then do at ha aaja j
You need not liesitate about using this
new Hair Vigorfrom ariyfear of its changing the color of'your hair. The new
Ayer's Hair. Vigor prevents premature
grayncss; but does not change the coloi
of the hair even to the slightest degree.
. —-Hwda by the J. 0. Ay»r Co., Lowell, UmAO.—
Continued from page 6.
*'   ' ,       ',
In Colorado a corporation which
helped to blight competitive business-in violation of the law, was
able, with the help of the Pinker-
tonsand ofthe law, to reduce its
coal miners to a condition amounting to' slavery.' , * - ' - ,
And in, Wyoming ,we nnd that
while those bir*h iip in'state ' and
national politics are'permitted to
steal coal lands worth millions of
dollars, nevertheless.' S». coal miner'
v'orking, for the corporation thieves is not permitted by the latter
to sav that his.life is his.t.wn.'!   ',
And "'/as" usual' \ve areri^ht ori -deck with "the 'mi?, t
complete" and varied assortment of these lin-.-^
carried inihecty. Our policy is fairness to evet\
.one- ahdjpour_.congenial, clerks only, live for , ti *.*
pleasure :of- shbw'ihgvan.d -demonstrating -the'-merii -
of our various lines.
Call and see us when in need.
W-himster   &
,<4 ,
Headquarters,for   Hardware, in
thus invaded and broken up by,
Superintendent Black or some of
his lieutenants to the utter, conster-
1 nation, confusion and bewilder-
!,ment ' of ' the organisers,' who
i wrathfully declared to the. opera-
! tije that never in;,their careers
I had '. they 'met' ' J with such'
'misfortune     in'organising  a coal
If the'truth-   be told the Union ! canlP'      -     *. -v '<■;.,,.   .. '
Pacific'Coal- Comr>a<nv is probably \ - !'he operative _ was also nighly
worse than the Colorado'Fuel- & ! inatig-nant at their lack-0i succeis,
Iron Company, in that it not-only,: and told the organisers he did not
treats its miners' as badly as does ; believe from the. apparent look, of
A Human Match Factory.
Tho body of the average man contains
pho-i-phorus ^sufficient to matte 4S3.840
unitelics, enough to iill about C,ao Lo'xes,
allowinij eight.y. matches to the box.
'I'liosphurus is ono of fourteen elements
entering into the composition of thetody.
It is divided, auuin-j i he bones, flesh, nery-
*i:s system, and otiier organs. Without
■ phosphorus the brain would, ho weak,-tho
body feeble, and tho liohes w mi Id disintegrate leaving* man a squidy-invertebrate squirming.in the dust.   The perfect
•%^4^^tk^4^%4*aV,»V-%/,aV*4. '<>^'«/'«b-<aVVV,*^'*aV%.'^%^'% -V^^^^Vai
the' latter corporation, but in- ad- j things     that Rock- Springs could I health of the huinup body requires a pcr-
dition the Wyoming concern hfis
even tried,- with fairly £ood success, to supplant American' with
cheat), Jorei*rn..-labor.1 •   •
The first great fear of the Union
Pacific Coal Company very - likely'
is that the federal government'
may pry-to6 closely into'its questionable land manipulations. To
guafcrd anrainst 'such an ovitrage.
the ris-ht'ed'us company has hired
a jpiultitude of, lawyers, hierhly
skilled in getting around the law.
The .second great' fear of the Wyoming Coal Corporation js '"r-F.t its
poor, under-paid, miserably housed, , half starved miners might be
organised into localsJ of- the'' "United Mine Workers of, America. To
prevent such a-.-Calamity; the company has.done two things.' First^
it has employed as miners but a
minimum - of Americans.   The ma-
be unionise1!!.   It certainly did appear to the veteran agents of John''
ulitcheil'    that   the o ficials ofthe
Union Pacific  Coal, Company had
feet balance of tlie'constituent, elements
of which it'is composed.' The carbon,
■iron, lime,.sulphur, Voaiuri, etc., must all
be replaced as they r.'re used up in human
energy. Take al! trie'iron frcm llio blood
and tho circulation :«ops.. That's death,
how their" well laid secret plans Change the proper proportion of, iheso
were^ so .speedily and effectively, substances to each other, destroy'thejr
checkmated by the company. Of j natural balance in the body, and you de-
course,     had they" known, or even ! stroy the balance of health. ■
a stand in with the .d'eyil,  otherwise  they     could, not understand
At. the Yarmouth Y.M.C.A.
Camp, hold at TuHlcot r*UlB In
August, I found Mlnard'o Liniment moBt bonoilclal for sunburn,
nn immedinto relief for colic and
'      '     ,        ■    Gcnoral Secretary.
Thirty-riins Distinct Varieties of Worii
by as Many Men.
-,<■.■*- ,   ■     - ,.       .,-    ,.,*
According to  the  United States bii
-uiui of labor, the old saw "It takes
nine'tailors to ninkb'ii man" Is tilled
'iv I tli   misliii'ormiitiou;   for  In .-reality,
the bureau Minis,  it takes thlrty-iiine
•neii of dilTerent trades just to/make a
**rmt-under the present syRl.em 'of'sliop
niiinut'iK'liire.  for the'day  when otic
tailor measured tlio customer, cut out
the cloth  and,   with  his  apprentices-*,
shaped It Into a finished nnd prei-med
..itiinnent has practically passed.    Today all one tallorWy do through his
"iitire life Is to mark the place„wlier*.»
■'•nttotis are to he sowed on.   Another
'.mn never marks places for buttons.
,. His' specialty Is to mark buttonholes
,\ third mini spends tlio long day lh
.•ewlii!,' on buttons, a fourth in mali-
in*,' Wittonholos. _ Men who sew sleeves
do not make arinholcB,, Tho nruihoU'
mon  give placo to Bhouldor slinptHt'.
.'ind'thuso last do not touch collars,
'.vhicli arc n tllHtlnet specialty;   Kvcn
hi' men who manlpi'lnto tho tailor's
•/,iw.o  aro  divided , Into • pressors  of.
"caniH, odKOfi, UnlnRR, sleovos and emu
iV/r-Fi-ora.   Tlio lmnt,cn* slick to ono,Uls-
iui't t-peclnlty of 'banting, and a pi>p
urate functionary, tlio haRtlng puller,
undoes*   their  work.    Kvun  tho  coir
'ifnip In a separate province   So thn'
"lien the coat Is finished It roprop.cnl:
'.ili'ty-nlno distinct varieties of worl
hy iir many mon.' And whon a 111:11
'Innlly puti» on the coat ho Ir wonrl*r
'he product of .'112 lln*ii»n* nnd Bevm;ry
'Itlit llititnbs, not coiintlnglho dli,rlt;(
if tiiof-'o who wlioiin.'il Iho Rlioop, xynvi
'u> cloth, ilyort It. llnlBhod It, Blilppo-
,',t imd cut It nor the Ink >.tnlnod clcfl •;>
'•tiidK .which kept 11 hook 'record of nl
'.10 ppoeoHHou.    Prohnhly from nlu-ci
'i> ivonror the cent wiih handled by 111
1 ■■nut 11,000 fingers, , * '
jo'rity   of   their men are Italians,
Chinese   and" ^Japanese,    who are
accustomed   to    such   ridiculously,
wages, in their home .coun-
suspected the. real identity" of
'•Brother Thomas J. ^Williams,",]
the mystery "would have ..been
quickly solved."
J3ut ' neither President Mitchell
nor his agents ior one moment sus-
pectedg the devotion, of' .operative
15' to" the cause of his ' oppressed
/mothers. They ascribed„their continuous checks to /the inexplain-
able, supernatural ingenuity of the
coal company.   -   -  i *       - '  -■
President Mitchell 'finally jiecidgd
C.   E.  LYONS
Auditor, Accountant,, General  Agent'
Life, Accident and Employer's Liability insurance
'Bnoks opened, - closed,   audited,  and accounts  kept in the
■, ,'     most-up-to-date manner.
Office,   Burns'   Block.
Fernie,* B. 0.
VUnna, Juno 11--Sixteen work,
men were killed and seventeen oth*
ers woro moro or loss tievioiiRly injured by. an explosion .tMs> morning, in tho factory at OttaUring, a
suburb of Vienna.
Elsphint Police,
' 'I lio hIkIii uf hI.n piili'M of elephant
l!|)lll!llt!<>(ltll-'.',V   Ml   Willi,   cnptiiriiip
,i;i!l'.   ilnci'ti    HtruKKllnn;,    twiniputl \v
..niii'ii \.x iln InipoHiiiK mm.   I.Ike a pil1
1 f unliiml |.Hilli'oiiirii mw-'tliii; a p:,
■i\<<\; the ui'i'iit lioiiHtH hIiIIu nlonffMll.
,i, ylciliii. tnUc liliii liotivoqii thorn ir.i-
' 1 .'Hi' ii:id wiiiSiw nnd worry lilm. 1 i
■■•.'fl,  tnwni'd 11 trno.    Kvory lucji •
'•ni'iiWoil   liy   the   liei'ciiloiin   Unlit
■ii'll iM'tirli'it n'ta'tiiiit ti'i'i'iir mump \'~
'!!!>•   lii'invn ,^!(>|.limit  catclii'rH, hK
■. ii i!:i'lt: I'.umittH to lln» jaTint'iiil; itii '
"'er I'll' ii'i'.Hlerouii Ih'IIIhh aiul hIm:
::u.'   M.lIl'jK  I'c.M.  Blip  fiiljlp Mil:'
JL.l .-'.IkiVj.l        bi'Ult'Ul     ±>m*     >.Uik4,4J
' ' '    • - . '.      "I'M
i' with local applloationo, as they
cannot reach tho seat of the disease. Cdtarrh lo a blood or con-
ntltutional dlnoane, a^d in order
to-euro It* you must take intomal
r".]***--*!.'-'*.. H.-i.H'-' f^t-M-rV. Cm'*" 1"
not u quacic medicine. It was doa-
cribtd by ono of tlie bost physl-
clnna In this country for ynarB
and Ih a regular proscription, It
is composed of the bost tonics
known, combined with the best
blood purifier**!, noting dlroctly on
tho mucouK t-urfanou. Thn perfect
combination of the two Inqre-
dlcutu la v/hat produces uueh. wonderful results Jr. curln*? catarrh.
Send for testimonials freo. V, J.
Cheney &' Co., Props,, Toledo, 0.
Snld by druj-glsts, price 7Bc.
Take Hall's .Family Pills tor
'■   11
I'll it
lilfyf-'foij,!;, i).,ml luki'.' a' tr.-
li,l'M':"Fl,iriniil MiirniKlno.
Hid. Ni'tsht For the Show.
Pllolliti; an unknown, hIhiw (hrori-'h
11 Btnrvliiit territory, Ih no cinch, hut I
hnvo tliMiiirht out a ixooil Idea. In an
tlclpiitlon of ouch ciiKiiKiiiniMit I inn
iff .luff to enll out tho roiorvoR nut! whiMi
tlioy nra out thoy will ho Invltod In
That will help till tlio houso,
Vou hnvo lioiird of tho various v\
ciiroh for llulit luiH|iH»sH~*,,hp(,hnso tlie
iilclit l» no diirlt," etc,   TIiIh Is a jml
"Vounu mnn," nalil tlio lo«i|l mmm-
Ker to tlie njjoni on IiIm llrst tour, "why
do you lirlna your tronpo horo nn 11
Sntiirday iiIrIiU llnti'l you know ymi
won't «I^ nny tnnli,V"
"Wlint'K the (lirfcriMici' between l-'U*
"iitlny iilulif nml any other nljjlHV
ir-lii'd tlie ntd'iit
"l.pi'iinm' ovi'iylxuly's ueltlng sh«v«
tries that the wages ■ tiiey receive
from" ths Union Pacific Coal Com
pany seeni to' them a princely
sum. I Again, as very few of these
workers, undei stand any language
outside of. their respecti'/e native
tongues, an .organiser would have
to be ah expert'linguist to unionise them.    ■     '.,,_'
As a second measure of protection against the coal miners' union, the company has bn and off
employed Pinkerton, detectives for
many years. At tho time of which
our ■ narrative treats, the Pinker-
ton operative discharging his laudable functions ,in behalf of,the
Union Pacific Coal Company was
Thos. J. Williams, No. 15.' "
This operative worked as a bona
fide coal miner, iii the company's
mines at Hock. Springs, located, in
the • southwestern part of Wyoming. •' ,
When the coal miners of Colorado went put on strike, the Ulnion
Pacific Coal Company became ^apprehensive lest the strike wave
should extend to Wyoming, ■ and
in, order to prevent such
an event, they redoubled their usual vigilance, aaid instructed operative Williams' to be more than
ever on the alert.
From their standpoint tho Union
Pacific Coal Company was not altogether foolish in taking •thoso'
precautions. President Mitchell
of the United Mino Workers
had for,a number of years made
efforts to organise the coal minors
of Rock Springs, and hu thouc-ht
that now, as the Colorado minors'
had dared to make a _ stand, the
time was ripe', to make a successful effort to bring' tho Wyoming
miners into the fold of his organisation.
True, the timo was ripe, and the
employees of tho Wyoming coal
trust were in such a .discontented
frame of mind that thoy could have
boon easily porsuaded to Join tho
Union, . But ' Presidopt . Mitchell
reckoned without operative No, IR.
Mr. Mitchell sent organiser aftor
organisor.. to 'Rock. Springo, As
quic.tly as an organiser camo, operative'Williams took charge of
him, told lilm confidentially that
ho was an old, good htanding
member of the Unitod Mino Work*
ers, and offered' to assist him to
the best of his ability. Naturally
thu organiser was glad and happy
to avail himself of Euch a gonor-
0113; unexpected offer, aud' quite
naturally( too, the spy waB    tho
Ui j^u.iJit-i'ii    li^lll   iuiliL   ill   lllattltu'
lii'* txnH Tirr-parlTi** for ni»rr«'t TYiffT-
Intjfl and in secretly invltini- miners
to be present,
Once or twice the orr,'anise.rs at-
tomutcd to rent halls nt Rock
Bprint'*,  hut  an   the     company,
advance .what tho next movo was
to 'be,, the union loaders would
find that thn owners of the different, halls strangely refused tr» lot
them out, Several times nutating**
wore arranged to take place aftor
midnight, but scarcely would tho
nv-'Ptinrr be opd'ert, when either »hn
sunerlntcpdent or some of tho fore-
mull of Un' luln.'.u v/ou'-.l nut In an
appearance, and the poor, timid
miners, on hr-boldinpr their employers nnd foremen, would flv
from the ^fttherinir as thoiter,
from a r-estllenca. rerliana twe
do*en such secret meetings
'to make one more desperate effort
to capture. Rock Springs,' and sent,
down five-'or six organisers at one
time .to accomplish this purpose.
One or two of these -men were Italians. President Mitchell figured
that the company would be unable
to follow up the movements and
actions of so many men, and that
success would at length be theirs.
The organisers were this time also
told to, hunt up brother Williams,
,who would* ba a valuable help to
them in their work.
Brother Williams' probably had
the time of his'-life with these organisers, as-he led them such a
merry dance that they finally dared' not make another move, ' so
convinced did they become that
the company stood in .collusion
with some evil .spirit,,-. .]'After -a
number of meetings had -been easily, thwarted through'. No. 10's
prompt report by 'phone-or in
person-, (at night) to Supt, Black,
the organisers hit upon a novel
scheme, namely, to arrange a meeting in the1 hills,: outside of tho
city,  after midnight.
Tho organisers for the fiftieth ■
time, secretly invited a iiumbor of
coal miners to attend the meeting
and No, 15 secretly notiflod Supt.
Black of tho proposed midnight
exodus. A number of miners camo
out to the placo of meeting, and1
tho organlsors wore about to congratulate thomsolvos on thoir
shrewdness when suddenly a few
company officials strolled ,up, and
sat down to participate in tho deliberations of tho assombly, Tho
minute tlio minors behold tho latent arrivals, they stampeded for
homo,     .
This lust. disubU-ous attempt
convinced tho organisors and President Mitchell that llock Springs
Where'do .those i-swiitlal elements of
vital force conic from? From the food
<ve eat. llo\v.,are they extracted and distributed -to the several organs iliey sustain? The are pxirKtu-d and distributed
by .the stomach'and other orpans of di-.
gestion and nutrition. Vi'hat happens
when the stomach ..■*."■'■ weiik"? TiiP food
Is only pnrtlv digested* and assimilated.
And then what? Then the Lalance of
health is destroyed and there's blood
"trouble," nerve "trouble," lung "trouble,"
heart "trouble," or. some other "trouble"
with the vital organs of the bedv.- Pain.
^^-^t^*0—^un""*1—crv=*-G#=tliG=p tiir-vpci=or ""fin? ■=
"What then is the logical first step to
health? . .   ,' .
Put the stomach and organs of dlgattion
arid nutrition into, a condition of novvd
licalth. That is inst. what Is dono hy Dr.
Pierco's Golden Medical Discovery and
that is just tho secret of tho many marvelous cures effected by this remedy.
1 No medicine can rnako fat or flesh.
Food alono can mako them. Only.tho
stomach and Its allied1 organs can extract from tho food tho elements that
mnko flesh and fat nud sustain life.
"Nervo foods," ■* blood-ma klna*" medicines,
aro more fuds ond fallacies. Tho stomach
and organs of digestion and nutrition prepare ami distribute the food.
Dr. Pierco's Goldnn Mrdical Discovery
Is not a euro-nil. H does ono thlnp*. • It
cures diseases of tho stomach nnd organs
of digestion and nutrition. Tho rest Nature doei. Niituro fends tho nerves, enriches tho blond, heals tho lungs and restores tho falHns- vital powers. "Golden
Medical Discovery" only removes tho
obstructions disease has put In Nature's,
Thoro l8,no alcohol In "Golden Medical
Discovery " and 11 coi italns nel t.her opium,
cocaine, nor any other narcotic. Doctor
Plerco holds no sot-rets from you—ho tells
yon that tho "Discovery" contains the
following Ingredlonts: Golden Seal root,
'Queen's root, Stono root, Hlncte Cherry-
bark, llloodroot, Mandrake root and
Chnmlcallv Puro Glycerine.
From "Organic, Medicines," hy Grovor
Coo, M. D., of Now York, wo extract tho
following:   "Vlvdrnstls (Golden Seal) ox
Phone5" No.-52 « Mouse  No.   17-4    ®
Fernie's MostJ1ome*Ukc Mouse
J.   L.   Gates,   Proprietor
Centrally   Located
Fernie,   B. C.
I Saw  your   Cordwood
I By, Power and
f save money
Cost of operating] -.
very trifling
Circular Saw Frames _\
® Drus Saw Machines
. Stationary and Portable^
Sawing Outfits
credos an osppclnl Inlluoncoovor mucous
surfaces, upon tho liver it acts with
equal certainty and olllciu'v, As a chola-
Roguo (liver Invlsyiriitor), It has fow
equals." In a flections of thn spleon, and
abdominal viscera jjiwriilly, it Is an
eillcient and rcllnhlo remedy, Also In
scrofula, glandular diseases Bonerally,.
cutaneousoriipilons, Indlsiistlon, dnblllty,
dlnrrhma and dysentery, constipation,
piles und ull morbid and' critical discharges,"
R KUiiiBwood, M, D„ says of Stono root
(Cnlllnsonfn), "stimulates tho stomach,
acts as a tonic to mifooblod muscular
utrn'cturo of thu heart nml hns a direct
Influence upon atonic (weak) nud dilated
or othurwisn impaired conditions of tho
veins. Tt !» n speclCc remedy In pile--.
Jn catarrhal irai'trllls, whoro tlio circulation Is defective, It, nltlier alono or combined with hydni'tllH, Ih of first Importance   They Iiiciimiho tho appetite niul
Canadian Fairbanks Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver,   U. C.
Montreal, Toronto, Winiilpcu, Calj?nry;
was impregnable-, and that     thoy    .           ,    ,       ...  ,     ,   ,
miirht as well cult.   Tho onranis- : RTontly Improvn thn dlnimllnn and asslml*
ors woro mystlflod and indignant,
und tlio oporativo appeared fo-be
just as puzzled and furious. Tnoy
dsclarod , thoy could not undor-
stand it. Ho insisti'd just ar vehemently that it was entirely beyond. hiB eomproheii'ilon. Another
exclamation, anoth-.r wratliinl i-x*
plotivo, anothor hiuulf>halte, and
tho train bearing Profildont Mit-
chell'B defeated lioutenantu pullnd
out of Rock Bprlntfi. leavlnw \.\h\-
ativo So,. IS absolute ma-ityr oi
tlio fiituatlon, with a bottor'stand-
ing' than ovor among, tlio leaders
of-the Unitod Mino Worker-*,
• Afterwards BJotbin* Williams,
tho f-ifted No. 15, lout his nioi'alfl
and took to drinking hoavily, and
as ho could no longer render jfood
dL'i.|<.l| blau 4>*4{jL.,.(f      ul.vo. fc.i. V.*"
lonely •"HirVinri*-.*!' W'n, nnd rpplnn.
ed'him with another operative,
nil      .   ...
tonic nf direut ami poi'iiiiinent Inlluenco,
Kxcollnnt, In thn bicycle heart, in rheumatic lufluminuttoi; und clergyman's soro
throat."      _ 	
Amnrlran .Dlsponsntory Hityu of Wood
root, "Ktliniilatoit dl|<e«tlvo orRiins, In*
crensoH iictlon of heart and nrteilns—
Btlinnlant and tonle,, Very valiuiblo ur a
cninih mm"dy—neti nn a sedative—fnr-
tlier viiluiihlu as an nlterntivo,"
Tlio pi'oplo'K Common Rrimo Medical
Advioer Ik a vnltiubln worlc for frequent
consultation nnd In tren Irom tochnlcnl
terms, it contains over ono th.uwiind
Tinires. It Ik Kent post paid, on receipt of
Biiilleient, In nno-ecnt ntnnip** to pay cont
of iiiailinp* only, :n HtampB for a copy In
llnxlhlo pnpor envnn*, or tV) BtnnipiJ for a
rlmli-boiind copy, Addro*. Doctor It, v«
Wci'cc, Buffalo, XY,
Everything in the trade now in stock.
Examine before purchasing. . Also
Lacrosse, Baseball and other Sport-
■iucr   Goods.
Ct ii
Phone No.   12
Our  fnmllv v;prp
raised   in   Iowa,
nil Viotn   ' and
und havo used
" Th" mannEfiinont of tho-Domln*.
ion exhibition of Calgary have
boon bucceusful in Bccuring a unique and intctosting educational.
exhibit which will be ono of
. . • 1 * l
iVVat. ***v .aVif'       «.*.*-i
itlLrc'nlir'  OhoKl and  S«"» «Wch will bt appreciated   by
SKoo^ De5 |fU who may be privileged to.at-
Moines)-for yearn. Wo know how
good it is from Ion*, experience in
tho uow of it. lb fact, when in El
Paeo, Texan, the witter'**, life wan
hitved by the pron.pt use of thin
remedy, We are now engaged in
the mer^nntilo bu*"lni»n«i at Wr.r-
eooBsep, Pla., and have Introduc
ed the remedy here. It haa been
proven very a'Acces«iul and in con-
dtantly growing in favor.—Ennis
    Bro*.   This remedy in for «n1e by
were ' all dmg**ist«.
It is the exhibit of tho Garbutt
BuHlnoBB College which has been
established in Alberta but nine
months, but which through its en*
l terprlse, superiority and thoroughness of its eourses, and the loyalty oi its former ntudentti, ha» in
,this short time grown to be the
largest school of its kind in Calgary and possibly in the province.
Alt who attend the fair will be
sure, therefore, to see this inter*
tstlng exhibit.
' Sny ! Why not have your plumbing
done now before the big rush, We
have the largest stafT of experienced
plumbers, steam fitters and tinsmiths
in the ciiy.    Prompt and efficient.
A. T. Hamilton, Proprietor
Telephone  1 Nest King t-dwardl Hotel ^^]*afe4j..r>2'.'.ft?rf.M*r»ir.|i4-^
'   11
DISTKICT'   LEDGER,    FERNIE,  B. C, JUNE 13,, 1908.
News of the City
,. Wanted—At once, a good r-eneral
servant. -. -Apply to Mrs. *G. H.
Boulton, Victoria Ave.
Wanted—Engagement as nurse.
22 years exnerience as nurse. Mrs.
J. Howbrook, Box 341, West Fernie. - •--'-"■, c      '-''-'
"Wanted—Situation as general
servant • or housekeeper in private
family--or hotel. Apply-office'' of
paper. ^7
Cabbage, Cucumber and Tomato
•Plaints,    also .flowers *ior planting
out.     Apply     John     McLachlan,
West Femie. ' , 2t
An English widow' lady  desires
an .engagement .a5..1adi§s' chelp, or
■ otherwise     suitable    employment.
Office of ,the paper. ■ , It
Family dwelling '--house 'for' sale,1
8 rooms. Good well of water, nice
garden. WiU be sold cheap on-
easy terms. Apply Manager,' District-Ledger. •   -■   * -
Wanted—A ;good.live-subscription canvasser. ,-Very liberal commission paid.A Anyone who is
willing can make, a good .salary.
Apply manager Dis'tficf'Ledger/
Chickems for safe—20 **Vh'ite Wy.
andottes and Barred' Plymouth
•Rocks; "$1.50 each. A ".nap as .'1
want to make roomffor young
stock.   Apply P. 0. Box ' -JO.
*'■•'.- ■        Island "'■ Xoa'd.
If you want ice cream see Rochon, *
' Don't     forget   the big furniture
sale now going on at Trites Wood.
R. W. Coulthard went down to
Morrisey Thursday. '
George .Hale left for Enderby, B,
C, Thursday morning.
L.W. Terry has gone "to Sault
St. Marie for a1 long visit.
A. McCool opened up his new
hotel at Michel on Wednesday.
-, Patronise home industry," smoke
c-Extra.and Crow's'Nest, Special.
A.  J.1 "Motfand'F. - W. Watson
were   down to "Galloway Wednes-
,day. ,
■   ■      -.'/>*■
One only' $550 Hei'ntzman. piano
for §450.00 at,.Trites Wood    Co.,'
Ltd. '    ",_■'"      --o
Mayor Tuttle will visit .Hojsmer
(by -request) to organise a board
of trade for that town.
AILaccounts owed to the Central
hotel-must be paid to Jas. Sev-
erns not later than July 1st.'
JtTr.     PasKill    of   tKF'Wisconsin"
Central line, travelling agent, was
in town Sunday and Monday.
The "cheapest place not only in
Fernie, but in B. C. to buy furniture is at Trites Wood Co., Ltd.
Knox Sunday School will, reopen
next Sunday, June 14th-     Sunday
School at
2.30. '
12,     noon, instead     of
Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Broods arrived home from "Penno, S.isk.,
Wednesday where they wore visiting their son.
Mrs. Hargraves and young son
from Walsh, Alta., are visiting
-her parents, Mr.' and Mrs. Whim-
ster, in this city.
Rev, Williamson will preach in
the Baptist church on Sunday
evening on the text "Am I my
brbthor's keeper?"
, Mr. H. M, Tibbntts of tho CM.
& St. Paul freight and passenger
department travelling agent was
in town Thursday.
High Class
Merchant Tailor
0. L. Boynton accompanied by
Tom Allhouse went to Nakuop
this week. . :        '
Everything in Furniture and
S'toves must go regardless oi cost.
Trites Wood.
.».Mrs., R. G, Drinman and • son
Robbie were in the city from Hosmer Thursday.
Chas. Shepherd with Bennett
Bros., of Hosmer, was in the city
on Wednesday.
What-about our usual celebration on July 1st.   We have heard
nothing about it'yefc?'        - [.? , ,
"-   *    *    .-.   ■'■v-.■'--•    •   ,.'  •"'.        ,
,H you want chocoiatea see jRodion. .-
The brick     plant  of the Feenie
Brick'Co.', is- just" about" ready
commence operations.
George Campbell,' who"' has" been
in' town" for a' week or more,
has gone to Hosmer where he will
remain. ...
Rochon's'' ice cream has them' all l'*&t.
We have heard it-said so often
tMs    week ' "this is   a 'fine little
world" we are beginning to think
its right.
' The' Elk Lumber mill had to
close down on account of the high
water and may be closed for several days.
Geo. Dorenbecker of the Crow's
Nest Cigar'Factory was at Hosmer and Michel during the week
on business."
E. Phillips, of the North American Land and-Lumber Co. shot a
fine bear half a.mile.from the
city this week.
Rochon's candles are made of pu v material.
The three prisoners sentenced at
the conclusion of the assize court
were taken on Monday morning
to serve.out their time."
The water has been so high in
the Elk for some days that the
channel ,has had to be - kept free
by the use of dynamite.
J. W. Ridyard had the misfortune to break his arm while riding'
on a trip in the new slope in Nb.
9  on Wednesday evening.
Mr. Marks'who disposed*1 of his
general store in West Fernie some
time since, 'has opened up a grocery on Victoria Ave. north.
pared to • do business in Fernie
this week. This-is no joke, but a
municipal project; its no individual affair either.
, Miss McClymont left for • Winnipeg Wednesday evening on a holiday. * Mr. Dutton,'C.P.R. operator
from Calgary will take her place
during her absence.   -
Absolutely all packet teas and
most bulk teas show the grocer a
larger profit than "Salada" but
few of them show as much satisfaction to the consumer.
If you want cheap candy don't seo
Messrs. W. M. Dickens, Rojjt.
Hamilton, Wm. Ripley .and .broth*
er left for Vernon and Mstrict last
Monday to look aboutT* fruit propositions on tho Okanagon.
The first train to come through
the St. Mary's district between
McLeod' and Lethbridge passed
through Fernie Thursday, that
portion of the road being impassible for several days owing to
To-morrow (Sunday) will be do-
coration day with tho local 1.0,0.
F, and thoy will parado from their
hall, Bock block, at 3 p.m. to tho
cemetery whoro thoy will place
flowers on the graves of thoir departed brethren,
Havo a look at the diamond's
you are woaring and see if they
arc secure. A. C. Liphardt can
remount them for you either by
putting on new daws or can make
up any style Betting you wish the
same day you leave it,
| Blundell's Saturday Specials
Pine P.usnips. ret-uli-r prca"4-ibs t"i -•>c
,  •?Sunday special, '6 lbs for.' , ••-'••	
Foley. L'Ck & Larson's Fancy Swept Cukes, re'-juljir
price iacpei* lb, Satiml.-iv sp-ci.il i ibsW— ..
 ii- * ■*■ *—■•— **■**■* ■"■■'■''*
Pay Cash
W.   J.    BLUNDELL        Prompt Delivery    §
A>AyAyAyAyAyAyAyAy^AyAyAy&y ^AyAyAyAy^AyAyty^fiyQ^^AyQ^
[.Any luRni'iin
AMpro-mred to cuter to '•ill-**'
f rutin hm wi.|| ah i/iMitlHtnnnV.
laHiliHiT hair and (•..••'■.trmttert
anv day but SHtiinlnv,
oxlolo:ox>o:o;o:< > o.< re
<£ Preparatory to semi annual stocljE taking sale we are
n&alcing special,reductions on many lines to reduce bur
stock. At all times you can save moneyby dealing here,
•where cash is king, and where your dollars have the
biggest  purchasing  power. .
The Elk Drug & Book Stores
(Successors toThc Fernie Drug Store)
■ '   . ■;"
The Garbutt Business College
of Olsrurv, Iink tnndorn coiimeo In Tnlo-
irraphy, SIhuMimimI nud Runlm-ir* t ntn-
iiltiVH i-xpert tMHclit>r-a i prop-irua ynni'if
pwipln (nr liiiUiM'.iilfiiri* and emccff'S
NVr.tw for prnmii'i'tiif UL'.V Kutar any
n,a,-, F. 0. Mnrlintf, Principal.
For a free and easy smoke try
an Extra or Crow's Nest Special.'
Bowling on.the green is quite
the rage at,,'present, and every
evening a lavge riumlber of thiese
enthusiasts can be seen upon the
green at the coal company's
Wm. Forsyth and Jas. Broley
left for Cranbrook Monday from
where they will go to Skookum-
chuck district,to look over timber
limits, They will be absent three
or four weeks,
The wost bound Soo-Spokane
No, 7 ran in two sections Wednesday, tho flrst section passed Fernio on time, the second about 10
a.m. Passenger traffic is increasing on these trains,
Mr, Fat Miller will give another
popular damn next Wednesday
evening. A good time is always
had at his dances and this will be
no exception to the rule. Gentlemen In summer dress in order,
The form of scarlet fever that
has been amongst us for several
weeks past setms to be vary mild
and we aro vtry pleased to aay no
fatal results have as yet been re*
ported, Every precaution has been
instituted to prevent the spread of
the malady,
The eity council met a* usual on
Thursday evtning.   Amongst    the
38-c't'tc-S" Sec our New !Uisc of
for  men  at $4.30  a pair
They are equal to the best $5.00 shoes
Along the Crow Line—C. P. R.
, Track to be Rebuilt From
Brocket to Blairmore.
Extensive changes in the track
of the Crow's Nest line of the C.
F. R. in this district aro contemplated which, when the work is
done, will moan the expenditure of
several hundred thousand dollars,
Tho plans for the work are completed and have been approved but
nothing definite is known as yet
when the wdrkiwili start.
*■ ii i
The change it a part of the C.
P.R's. grade revision schemo, promulgated over a year ago, whereby tho company proposes to reduce the grades on all western
lines to the minimum. The plana
call for the moving of the track
from Brocket on the east to a
littlo west of Blairmore on tho
west and between the two points
tho road will be practically ro*
built. It will be wholly, so ex*
capt as to that portion running,
through Frank.
The proposed lino loaves tho pro*
sent track at Brockett and runs
north of the prosont road. Tho
station at Flncher Oity will be
moved north several hundred foot
the lino will run something
• «,ii. ....♦1.   c» r,.,.i
routine busints* tho council havo
directed   the  temporary building  &nd
t-htUi L/ .~e El- S.'v.fc- Cc, '.v L: M,,« a •■■•••- -si--.-.-, y. vc-w-iiy. *-. ».%
lmmdMntelj* wmnvM, Alrl. Vnnrp mW to h* t"ft« int.Mit.lon t.o move
notice that ho would intro-1 the   town
Stpck taking reduction on,  "i *   .   ''■' ",-''•■
...Men's  Sateen Shirts
Good quality material and jjfqod, fitting(
65c  each
gave ..„. „  -...-_  j
due* a by-law to authorise     the i line.
of Cowley to the new
city to issue debentures to ralie a
fund for the purpose of improving
Arrangements are being mado by
Coming further west the line
crosses to tho south of tho present
xt-tx ai.u mtaUaii oi uo**mg the
Old Man at the, present bridge at
the board of trade and city coun* : tho falls, will 'keep on the   bench
W. R. McDOUGALL m^j^
cil of Fernte to suitably entertain { and cross at tho Big Bend
the chamber of commerce of Spo* j Henry Gibeau's ranch. Xt
kane who will visit this city tho j
takes   to the table   land on tbo
..    _,      ,    , north side and comes into Bella*
early part of next month. The vie-   vue tnroUf;h tnw townslte,    giving
itors will be in Calgary flrst     of  Bellevuo a station, and coming on
July and travel down th* Fani. <^y   to the a!(da-, lwept. above Mm pr*>
special train, They will atop    at   »*»«   ir**'«»*'» **• top of tho
_r    ,    _     .   „,  ', .V..    hill is reached wheo it joins     tho
Frank, Fernli W.rdner and Cran*.pmwt ^^ tb(j| ^^^     al.
brook.   Th« preient schedule    an-   together or practically so with the
nounccs them to arrive in Fernie   two per cent grade at the present
July 3rd at 10 30 a.m. time.
Stock taking 'reduction on -•..■'-'
Men's Heavy Duc£ 'Worl£ingr Shirts'
■' . *''   "      '      ' ■   i -    '  .
■ '•....An exceptionally-.-good** shirt
at an exceptionally low price
.. 65c  each
Stock taking reduction on   ;'- -.
Men's   Summer   Shirts
•Cream color,,.hoi.ey,comb pattern'
made  up,wiih   collar   attached
65c  each
i i fi ■      ,    '
Men's   Straw  and Linen Hats
in the newest shapes and styles
15c   to   $2.00
Kins' of the  Road. Union   Made  Overalls
80c   per   pair    ,
We sell the Artisan Working Boot for Men
Campbell & Faultless Clothing
'] "''SFE-CiJAlt"'
-      ■ TO   . „
.        -* .     -       *r
Our present showing and values ih Men's
Working Gloves have never in the" past
been equalled. -•'■'"•
•9 '   ' '
The Bronko Muleskin, per pair, 65c
Horsehide .   - -        , -°8Sc
Indian Tan Buckskin, $1.<0O *5c $1.25
-Brown Tan  Horsehide -   $1.50
Peccary Hog. Skin       - -   $1.95
-Gauntlet Gloves'   -   75c   to   $2.00
W G & R Collars', 1 ply Linen, 10c each
W G & R Collars, 4 ply Linen,  3 for SOc
Better quality at lower prices than you-
can purchase elsewhere are the reasons"
.why you should allow us to fill your
table wants.*.   Qur .prices will save you
mone).     Are you interested?0
Fancy  Limoneri'a  Lemons',. ,'"-' ','
- - 2" cioz.  35c '"
Sheriff's Jelly  Powders ° ,'    -- '       °
■ 4 pa-cHcagres 25c '
Sliced, Whole, Cube,  Pineapple, regular 20ci special
'" '"'   "     ■     aJfjOr_25fc_l ^___
Huniley & Palmer's Biscuits, Ve£. 40c per lb,  special
25c per lb.
Enlarge Your
' i-iave vou -*ot yonv! phoio eii-
lar«ed' yel? If not Couriney
will ''enlarge it in Sepia; Oil,
Water Color, or Cravon. All
classes of ,Photo*jfrapliic ' work
done. Devt-liipiiJKi I'rintinR
aiiwl Mi'iuil'm*,' done al reiisonnble
'prices,'    , •
4 A. W. Courtney
Box 424-
Blairmore, Alta.
Funeral Director and
Ofllco Victorin Street
Phone 63      Residence Phono 38
Depot  Restaurant
,T, R, nOOKUS, l-roprlftor    ,
Open Night and Day
When In Uncltoil .I0|i»t th*
■    Depot lUntHiiraMit
A. Rizzuto
J. Crawford
The Fernie Livery, Dray  &
Transfer Co.
Now is the time to make arrniiifemeiUs for your summer ice.    See uh
Contracts Taken
Includ'ni-a* Stump  Pulling,. Land Clearing and Ploiighin'jr.    Let uh
figure on your next job
Rubber Tired Buggies, New Turnouts „
HONKS 7 & C4
A> Ay
A>    K. A.  Kl'MMiat I„ 0,, Kl'MMItK    &
I Kummer Bros. I
I Builders and Contractors |
Eerimatot* Furnlahod and
Satisfaction '• Oaurantocd
B3T Ftbro Plintcr kept in stock
P. 0.  Box 337
<$*$>AyAyAyAy$, Ay^t^AyAyAyAyAyAyAyAyAyay^
| |    Photographer
o  Fernla and Hoimer <>
W. D. SimmondH has opened
h Photonraplc Studio "and Im
prepared to do llrxt clang work
Studio on Gemmel Street
Near the Oncrn Houio
Through Tr&nk the track will be
M at preiout, It ■!■ said, Tout n»ar-
inf* Blairmoro, thai line again «ii*
x'tn-_xn Aiid yxnntn l-i'tiiiui TJliiir-
more along tho bench on th* north
•id« of town. Xt ii aald thla old
Una wiU not be taken up but will
hit to aarve the eoal mines
now established along It.
I'nere has hem talk ot the hne
being changed this season but; no
announcement has as yet been
made, It is thought likely, how*
ever, that tbe work may he started before summer is over.
C.P.R. survey parties worked
all last summer in this district,
running lines preparatory to the
ront».nij»1ftt*'*1 ehtxng*.
. The new line will be a little
longer than the present one but
the advantage* to be gained in
the matter of gradients will afford practically a lovel road.—■
Frank Paper.
Ledger for News
Causes of   Scarlet   Fever I
fc:iRt*t'S!J:3*S-* i-aii
Cf There is no wonder wlien you send
your Inundry work to the dens of thn unminl*
(arv Chinks to he laundrled cruising the
oprcHding ol 1)10 dreadful dincHye.
Cf Why not patronize the Steam Laundry
where nil goodta nreuntl-septlcand disinfected
receiving them hack nice, fresh and sweet.
?* Cf Gel the Chink smell off you hy catling up
1 \$.   Our pliuil la ulwuyj open for iiVApiictioi.
■ iSI-iS?-*}^


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